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a-

2 .3 :

Area Wage
Survey

Toledo, Ohio— Michigan,
Metropol itan Area, May 1979

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Bulletin 2050-16




Wood

Preface
This bulletin p rovides resu lts o f a May 1979 survey o f occupational
earnings in the Toled o, Ohio— ichigan, Standard M etropolitan S tatistical
M
A rea . The survey was made as p art o f the Bureau o f Labor Statistics*
annual area wage survey p rogram . It was conducted by the Bureau's region al
o ffic e in Chicago, 111., under the gen eral direction o f L o is L . O r r , Assistant
R egional C om m issioner for O perations. The su rvey could not have been
accom plished without the cooperation o f the many firm s whose wage and
salary data p rovided the basis for the s ta tistica l in form ation in this bulletin.
The Bureau wishes to express sin cere appreciation for the cooperation
received .
M a teria l in this publication is in the public domain and may be
reproduced without perm ission o f the F e d e ra l Governm ent. P le a s e cred it
the Bureau o f Labor Statistics and cite the name and number o f this
publication.

Note:
Also available for the Toledo area are listin gs o f union wage rates
for building trades, printing trad es, lo c a l-tra n s it operating em p loyees,
loca l tru ck d rivers and h elp ers, and g ro c e ry store em ployees. F re e copies
o f these are available fro m the B ureau's region al o ffic e s . (See back c «v e r
for ad d resses.)




Area
Wage
Survey

Toledo, Ohio— Michigan,
Metropolitan Area, May 1979

U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary

C o ntents

P age

Page

Bureau of Labor Statistics
Janet L. Norwood
Commissioner
August 1979
Bulletin 2050-16

For sale by the Superintendent of Docu­
ments. U S Government Printing Office,
Washington. D C 20402, GPO Bookstores, or

BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover
Price $1 10 Make checks
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/ payable to Super­
intendent of Documents

Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

Introduction__

2

T a b le s :
Earnings, a ll establishm ents:
A - l . W eekly earnings o f o ffic e w o rk e rs ________ 3
A -2. W eekly earnings o f p ro fe s s io n a l
and technical w o r k e r s __________________
5
A -3. A v e r a g e w eek ly earnings of
o ffice, p rofession a l, and
tech n ical w o rk ers, by sex______________ 6
A -4. H ou rly earnings of maintenance,
toolroom , and pow erplant
w o rk e rs ___________________________________ 8
A -5. H ou rly earnings of m a te ria l
m ovem ent and cu stodial w o r k e r s _____
9
A - 6. A v e ra g e hourly earnings of
maintenance, to o lro o m , p o w e rplant, m a te ria l m ovem ent, and
custodial w o rk e rs , by s e x ______________ 10
A -7. P e rc e n t in creases in a vera g e
hou rly earnings fo r selected
occupational g ro u p s _____________________ 11
A - 8. A v e ra g e pay relationships
within establishm ents
fo r w h ite -c o lla r w o rk e rs ________________ 12
A -9. A v e ra g e pay relationships
within establishm ents
fo r b lu e -c o lla r w o r k e r s _________________ 13

Appendix A.
Appendix B.

Scope and method o f s u rv e y _________15
Occupational d escription s___________ 19

Introduction

This a rea is 1 of 72 in which the U.S. Departm ent of L a b o r's
Bureau of L a b o r S tatistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings and
rela ted benefits.
(See lis t of areas on inside back c o v e r .) In each a rea ,
earnings data fo r selected occupations (A - s e r ie s ta b les) a re co llected
annually. In form ation on establishm ent p ra ctices and supplem entary wage
benefits (B - s e r ie s ta b le s ) is obtained e v e r y third year.
This rep o rt had
no B -s e r ie s tables.

manufacturing and nonmanufacturing indu stries. The occupations a re defined
in Appendix B. F o r the 31 la rg e s t su rvey a re a s , tables A - 10 through A - 15
provid e s im ila r data for establishm ents em ploying 500 w o rk ers or m ore.
T a b le A -7 provides percent changes in a v e ra g e hourly earnings
of o ffic e c le r ic a l w o rk ers, electro n ic data p ro cessin g w o rk e rs , indu strial
nurses, sk illed maintenance trades w o rk e rs , and unskilled plant w o rk ers.
W here possib le, data a re presented fo r a ll industries and fo r m anufac­
turing and nonmanufacturing separately. Data a re not presen ted fo r sk illed
m aintenance w ork ers in nonmanufacturing because the number o f w o rk ers
em ployed in this occupational group in nonmanufacturing is too sm a ll to
w arran t separate presentation. This table p rovid es a m easu re of wage
trends a fte r elim ination of changes in a v e ra g e earnings caused by e m p lo y­
ment shifts among establishm ents as w e ll as tu rn over o f establishm ents
included in survey sam ples. F o r fu rth er d eta ils, see appendix A.

Each y e a r a fte r a ll individual area wage surveys have been c o m ­
pleted, two sum m ary bulletins a re issued.
The fir s t brings togeth er data
fo r each m etrop olitan a rea su rveyed; the second presents national and
region a l estim a tes, p ro je c te d fr o m individual m etropolitan a rea data, fo r
a ll Standard M etrop olitan S ta tistica l A re a s in the United States, excluding
A laska and H awaii.
A m a jor con sid eration in the area w age su rvey p rogra m is the need
to d escrib e the le v e l and m ovem ent of wages in a v a r ie ty of labor m ark ets,
through the analysis of ( 1) the le v e l and distribu tion o f wages by occupation,
and (2) the m ovem ent o f w ages by occupational c a te g o ry and sk ill le v e l. The
p rogra m develops in form ation that m ay be used fo r many purposes, including
w age and s a la ry ad m in istration , c o lle c tiv e bargaining, and assistan ce in
determ ining plant location. Su rvey resu lts a lso a re used by the U.S. D ep a rt­
ment o f L a b or to make w age determ inations under the S e rv ic e C ontract A c t
of 1965.

T ab les A -8 and A -9 provid e fo r the fir s t tim e m easu res o f a vera g e
pay relationships within establishm ents.
T h ese m easu res m ay d iffe r con ­
sid era b ly fro m the pay relationships of o v e r a ll a vera ges published in tables
A - l through A - 6. See appendix A for d etails.

Appendixes

A - s e r ie s tables

Appendix A d escrib es the methods and concepts used in the area
wage su rvey p rogram and provides in form ation on the scope of the survey.

T ab les A - l through A -6 p rovid e estim ates o f s tra ig h t-tim e w eek ly
or hourly earnings fo r w o rk e rs in occupations com m on to a v a r ie ty of

Appendix B provides job d escrip tion s
p resen tatives to c la s s ify w ork ers by occupation.




2

used by

Bureau fie ld

re­

E a rn in g s
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers, Toledo, Ohio—Mich., May 1979
^^Weekl^earnin^^^
(standard)
O c c u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e wee kly e ar nin gs ofs

Mean2

Median2

Middle range2

1. 02 0
689
331
79

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0

24 9.5 0
267. 50
22 2.5 0
21 2.0 0

2.5*00
254.00
2 2 2 . 5C
210.00

$
$
211.50-282.50
2 2 3 .5 0 -2 9 5 .0 0
1 9 0 .0 0 -2 5 5 .5 0
1 7 3 .5 0 -2 4 0 .0 0

.

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

•OC

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

300

3 20

340

360

380

400

420 over

23
14
9
3

9
3
6
3

14
3
11
6

28
3
25
9

49
18
31
10

47
14
33
3

134
91
43
9

149
105
44
9

178
114
64
15

105
71
34

42
30
12
2

52
49
3
2

33
33

6
6
-

“

16
15
1
1

12
12

4

105
93
12
“

5
5
“

6
-

-

2
2

12
6

9
6

13
13

3
2

3
3

11
11

6
6

4
4

5
5

5
5

4
4

14
2
12

25
21
4

19
16
3

26
2a
2

24
20
4

26
25
1

17
17

14
12
2

ii
ii
*

8
8

5
5
“

“

i

13
3
10

19
19
“

12
12
-

3
2
1

2
2
-

1
i

_
*

-

-

_

251.00-348.50
2 6 1 .0 0 -3 6 3 .0 0

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

3
3

_
-

6
6

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS C MANUFACTURING --------------NONMANUF A C T U R I N 6 --------

422
318
104

40.0
40.0
39.0

24 6.5 0 240.00
2 5 2 . OC 242.00
23 1.5 0 224.50

2 1 6 .0 0 -2 7 9 .5 0
220.50-282.00
195.50-269.50

-

S E C R E T A R I E S . CLA SS D MANUFACTURING --------------NONMANUFACTURING -------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S —

133
80
53
35

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0

22 9.0 0
24 9.5 0
197.5 0
200.5 0

225.00
245.00
184.00
177.00

1 8 6 .5 0 -2 6 8 .0 0
212.00-298.50
161.0 0 -2 4 0 .0 0
156.50-249.50

_
-

S E C R E T A R IE S . C LA SS E MANUFACTURING ---------------

151
59

40. 0 23 4.5 0
4 0 . 0 226.0 0

249.50
252.00

203.50-257.50
162.00-262.50

.

143
7C
73

40.0
39.5
40.0

23 9.5 0 238. 50 1 9 5 . 5 0 - 2 7 3 . 5 0
22 3.5 0 218.50 1 9 0 . 0 0 - 2 5 1 . 5 0
2 5 4 . 5C 273.50 2 2 2 . 0 0 - 2 8 6 . 0 0

o
*

27 0. 0 0

273.50

255.50-273.50

-

“

-

o

-

-

7

-

-

-

-

7

-

“

.

6
3
3
3

7
7
3

3
3
3

-

7

-

~

-

7

9
7

_

_

“

“

i
i

4
2
2

*

-

-

-

-

-

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL
MANUFACTURING --------------NONMANUFACTURING --------

102
57
45

40. 0 22 7. 5 0
3 9 . 5 21 2.0 0
4 0 . 0 24 7. 0 0

222.00
207.00
240.00

189.00-253.50
186.00-236.00
196.5 0 -3 1 5 .5 0

-

T Y P I S T S ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------NONMANUFACTURINE -------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S —

269
109
160
35

39. 0
39. 5
39.0
40.0

18 9.5 0
2 0 7 . 5C
17 6.5 0
24 1.5 0

175.00
185.00
164.00
240 . O
C

150.00-210.00
165.50-257.00
143.50-187.50
206.50-251.50

3
3
*

T Y P I S T S . CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING --------------NONMANUFACTURING --------

74
25
49

39.0
38.5
39.0

20 7. 5 0
26 2.5 0
1 8 0. 00

201.50
272.00
159.00

1 4 4 .0 0 -2 5 6 .0 0
247.00-286.50
140.0 0 -2 1 0 .0 0

-

T Y P I S T S . CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING --------------NONMANUFACTURING -------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S —

195
84
in
26

39.5
40. C
39. 0
40. 0

182.50
191. 50
175.5 0
23 2.0 0

172.50
175.00
164.00
220.00

150.00-190.50
164.50-206.00
147.50-187.50
196.00-240.00

F I L E CLERKS --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------

180
169

38.0
38.0

14 3.5 0 132.00
1 4 0 . OC 132.00

F I L E C L E R K S . CLA SS B NONMANUFACTURING --------

30
29

F I L E C L E R K S . CLASS C NONMANUFACTURING --------

141
133

S e e fo o tn o te s

4
4

9
3
6

22
9
13

74
57
17

84
64
20

71
6?
9

35
26
9

55
48

6
6
6

3

16
9
7
4

3
3

17
16
1
“

15
8
7
5

12
8

15
15
-

7
5
2
2

1
1
1

4
4
-

1
1
-

-

“

17
11
6
1

4
3

1

ii
6

4
3

8

56
14

21
4

6
3

2
2

7
7

-

-

-

-

-

-

15
3

“

~

“

”

-

8
4
4

4
3
i

12
10
2

12
7
5

10
10
“

25
13
12

14
9
5

27
5
22

6
2
4

12

-

_

-

-

12

8
5
3

“

“

-

-

-

i

-

2

-

5

3

23

-

-

7

-

-

-

-

-

i
i

4
2
2

-

8
4
4

3
3
“

12
10
2

10
7
3

10
10
“

20
8
12

ii
7

4
4
-

6
2
4

12

1

-

-

-

-

-

12

1

18

44
14
30

17
4
13
1

38
20
18

33
12
21
“

24
10
14
5

6
3
3
1

20

25
10
15
15

12
12
-

9
9
-

3
3
-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

5
2
3
3

3

13
6

5
3
2
1

15
15

5

5
i
4

3
1
2

1
1
“

9
2

1
1

4
4
-

5
2
3

3
3
“

_

“

6
6
-

-

7

10
4
6

-

5

1
1

-

-

29
14
15
“

12
4
8
1

37
20
17
“

28
ii
17
“

21
9
12
5

5
2
3
1

11
5
6
6

4
2
2
1

15
6
9
9

6
6
-

5
5
“

_

_

-

3

-

-

.

-

-

-

3

-

-

“

4

2

3

-

4

“

3

-

2
-

“

18
“

6

7

4

4

“

1 2 5 . 5 0 - 1 5 0 . OC
125.5 0 -1 4 9 .5 0

18
18

35
35

60
60

16
14

20
17

5
5

13
11

2
2

-

39. 0 1 5 3 . OC 132.50
39. 0 1 5 2. 50 131.00

119.00-164.00
118.5 0 -1 6 4 .0 0

8
8

6
6

2

3
3

2
1

2
2

-

-

-

4

-

3

-

2

*

“

4

“

3

-

38.0
37.5

127.50-144.00
127.5 0 -1 4 0 .0 0

10
10

28
28

58
58

13
11

12
10

3
3

13
11

2

_

-

-

_

-

3

2

7

4

12
“

12

a t en d o f ta b le s .




-

3
3

4
4

132.00
132.00

i

15
3
12

6

*

-

3
3

14 0.0 0
137.0 0

420
and

*

-

41

<

*

s

*

s

170

“

39. 5 2 6 9 . OG 267.00 2 2 1 . 5 0 - 3 0 6 . 5 0
4 0 . 0 27 9.0 0 276.00 2 3 8 . 0 0 - 3 1 0 . 5 0
3 9 . 0 21 9. 5 0 195.50 1 9 5 . 0 0 - 2 5 4 . 0 0

SENIOR

s

160

_

199
165
34

STENOGRAPHERS.

s

S

s

%

150

-

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLA SS B MANUFACTURING --------------NONMSNUFACTURING --------

STENOGRAPHERS ----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------

S

s

140

13
10
3
3

83
67

276.00
324.00

s

s

%

130

-

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLA SS A MANUFACTURING ---------------

39. 5 300. 50
39. 5 31 8. 5 0

*

*

%

120

and
under
120

SEC RE TAR IE S ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------NORMANUF AC T U R I N 6 -------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S —

*

%

110

-

-

-

“

-

-

“

*
-

-

“

“

“

3

“

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

_

-

_

_

-

-

*

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

“
-

“

-

_

-

_

»

“

-

-

_

-

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers, Toledo, Ohio—Mich., May 1979— Continued
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s rece ivin g stra ig ht -t im e week ly earnings of—

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
woiken

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

s

S
110
Mean 2

Median2

Middle range2

s
120

s
130

<

S
140

150

s

*

%

160

170

180

200

220

-

-

1
1
-

9
2
2

7

3

130

190

150

160

170

180

190

22
12
10

15
8
7

4
3
1

«
5
1

8
8

12
10
2

3

20

1

18

3
3

20

1

18

15
15

1
1

12
4
8

6

1

49
29
25

22
10
12

23
9
19

3

2

$
$
127.5 0 -1 7 8 .0 0
135.0 0 -1 7 8 .0 0
123.0 0 -2 3 7 .0 0

100
26
79

3 9 . 5 17 3. 5 0 159.00
39. 5 23 3.0 0 219.50
9 0 . 0 1 5 2 . 5C 138. 00

130.0 0 -2 0 0 .0 0
179.5 0 -2 8 5 .5 0
1 18.00-172.00

SUITCHBOARO OPERA T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T S MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

172
89
83

39.0
39.5
38.5

17 1. 5 0
17 2. 0 0
17 0.5 0

15 0.0 0
150.00
152.5 0

1 92.00-202.00
190.0 0 -2 0 9 .5 0
192.50-202.00

6

1

15
15
“

1

5
5
-

ORDER CLERKS -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

213
163

39.0
39.5

18 1.0 0 165.00
1 8 5 . OC 178.5 0

136.5 0 -2 2 9 .0 0
138.00-229.00

23
19

17
19

29
19

16
7

-

29
29

8
8

CLASS A -------------------------

95

39.5

227.0 0

295.50

165.0 0 -2 5 9 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

15

ORDER C L E R KS . CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

168
132

39.0
39.5

16 8.5 0
17 9.0 0

196.00
178.5 0

131.50-209.50
138.00-217.00

23
19

17
19

29
14

16
7

-

ACCOUNTING CLERKS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------P UB LI C U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------

839
900
939
92

39.5
39.5
39.5
90.0

2 0 5 . 5C
2 2 5. 50
1 8 7 . 5C
25 9.0 0

199.50
211.5 0
190.00
296. 00

170.00-227.50
179.50-265.00
1 6 9 . 0 0 - 2 0 3 . GO
220.5 0 -2 8 9 .5 0

10
10

16

28
17
11

96
10
36

57
29
28

“

“

*

“

ACCOUNTING CL E RK S . CL »S S A ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

279
176
103

39. 5 237. 50
9 0 . 0 25 7.0 0
39. 0 209. 50

212. 50 1 9 3 . 5 0 - 2 8 0 . 5 0
231. 50 2 0 0 . 0 0 - 3 1 2 . 0 0
190. 00 1 7 5 . 0 0 - 2 0 5 . 0 0

-

-

1

_

-

-

“

12
2
10

25

1

-

ACCOUNTING CLE RK S . CLASS P ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

555
229
331

39. 5 189. 50
39. 5 20C.5C
3 9 . 5 182. 00

186. 00
186.00
191.0 0

1 56.00-215.50
160.00-227.50
155.5 0 -1 9 9 .0 0

10

16

10

16

27
17
10

46
10
36

57
29
28

BOO KKEEPING-MACHINE
OPERATORS -------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

95
33

3 8 . 5 20 0.0 0
38. 0 17 8.0 0

191.00
167.00

169.0 0 -1 9 5 .0 0
169.0 0 -1 9 1 .0 0

-

-

-

1

BOO KKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
CLASS A -------------------------------------------------------

30

38.5

1 8 9 . OC 191.00

169.00-199.00

-

-

-

-

16
19

-

2

9

5

9
7

19

44

2

19

33

7
7

s

-

19
9
10
25
2
23

SUITCHBOARO OPERATORS ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

ORDER CL E R K S .

3 9 . 5 17 0.5 0
90 . 0 16 9.5 0
39 . 0 173.0 0

s

*
280

300

16

-

s
320

1
1
-

1
1
-

11
*
5

5
2
3

3

1
1
“

3

390

s

%

340

360

*

%

380

400

420

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

2
2
“

_

_

_
-

26
29

26
22

6
“

2

-

-

-

-

6

19

6

14
19

8
8

1
1

11
11

17
17

20
20

12
12

-

93
21
22

101
25
76

50
35
15
3

138
91
97
2

97

89
90
99
19

35
20
15
6

25
21
4
4

25
21
9

«

5
5

90
28
12

59
31
23

29
27

16
15
1

25
20

2

6
4
2

7
3

25

26
12
19

9

5

31
19
12

76
25
51

29
23
1

98
13
85

93
29
19

60
13
97

29
16
13

9
6
3

18
18

11
11

-

17
17

~

“

16
16

1

1

-

6

-

2

-

-

12

-

-

16

-

-

-

-

-

9

17
17

22
8
19

11
4
7

16
8
8

7
4
3

16
7

16
13
3

4
4

9

20
9
11

7
4
3

36
21
15

27
20
7

92
33
9

29
29
5

90
26
19

20
13
7

29
5
19

8
6
2

12
12

9

-

13
8

19
18
1

1*
11

1
1

8
6

11
11

5

22
16
6

11
6

9

3

”

2

27
21
6

19
12

20
17
3

18
18

21
8
13

6

23
4
19

-

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

351
219
137

39. 5 2 0 6. 50
90. 0 21 8.0 0
3 9 . 0 18 8.5 0

190.00
195.50
169.00

163.50-231.50
178.5 0 -2 6 1 .0 0
1 55.50-216.00

_
-

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING ---------------------- -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

179
127
52

39. 5 2 2 3. 50
39. 5 23 7 . 0 0
38. 5 19 1.0 0

20 2. 50 1 7 2 . 5 0 - 2 8 3 . 5 0
218.50 1 8 7 . 0 0 - 3 1 1 . 5 0
17 0.5 0 1 5 9 . 5 0 - 1 9 5 . 0 0

_
-

-

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

172
87
85

39. 5 18 9. 0 0
9 0 . 0 191. 00
3 9 . 0 18 7.0 0

189. 00
189.50
163.50

_

9

2

9

-

-

-

-

u

2

ii

5

9

-

2

5

-

”

2
4

3
1

_

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

~

_
-

_

_

_
-

1
1

*

“

“

2
2

-

_

-

_

_

_

2

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

1
1
~

1
1

“

-

“

-

-

-

17
17

92

over

-

11
11

55

920

-

1
1

2

900

-

2

1

380

-

6
6

2

3 60

-

23
12
11

160.0 0 -2 9 9 .0 0
158.00-265.00
161.00-216.00

4

3
-

320

11
3
8

190.00
207.00
188.00

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f t a b le s .

300

1
2

39. 5 2 1 0. 00
39. 5 22 2.0 0
3 9 . 0 1 9 0. 50

1

280

“

183
119
69

1

260

3

~

5

3

290

9

PAYROLL CLERKS --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------




s
260

2
2

_
-

161.00-213.00
168.0 0 -1 9 6 .5 0
152.0 0 -2 2 *.5 7

2*0

and

151.50
161.00
138. 00

$

86
57
29

220

and
under
120

MESSENGERS ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUF »C T U R I N G ----------------------------------

200

s

*

s

%

190

“
18
19
4
4

-

-

“

-

-

7
7

3
3

-

-

7
7

3
3

“

-

_
“

_
-

-

i

-

-

1

i

-

2
2

15
15

3

“

“

29
25
4

8
7
1

2
2

2
2

”

~

8
7
1

1
1

”

28
29
9

1
1

1
1

_

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

36
31

“

“

-

18
19
4

3

2

3

5

5
-

2
-

-

5
5
-

3
3

'2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

“
“

“

-

-

2

2
“

2

“

_

_

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers, Toledo, Ohio—Mich., May 1979
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
O cc u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
woikeis

Average
weekly
hows1
(standard

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g st r a i g h t - t i m e we e k ly earn ing s of120

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range2

ISO

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

440

460

500

540

580

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

440

460

500

540

580

620

3

8

6

2

4

6
5

16
16

18
13

12

2

5

34
18
16

21
14

4

16
8
8

12

4

1

17
13
4

14

2

_

2

2

1

2

7

-

2

2

-

~

5

10
8

18
14

18
14

14
10

13

4

9

2

4

2

4

3

1
1

4

and
under
140

184
117
67

£
39. 5 405. 50
3 9 . 5 406. 00
3 9 . 0 40 5.0 0

423.50
425. 50
381.0 0

$
$
330.00-466.00
350.00-466.50
328.50-465.00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ! . CLASS A --------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

79
62

39. 5 44 5. 0 0
40. 0 44 9. 5 0

459.0 0
459.5 0

385.50-499.50
395.5 0 -4 9 9 .5 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ! . CLASS R --------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURINE ----------------------------------

99
54
45

3 9 . 0 382. 00
39. 5 35 8.0 0
3 9 . 0 41 1. 0 0

369.50
352.50
389.50

314.50-453.00
306.50-427.00
328.00-476.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ! -----MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURINE ----------------------------------

150
114
36

39. 5 30 7.0 0
39. 5 32 6. 0 0
3 9 . 0 24 7. 0 0

299.00 2 5 4 . 0 0 - 3 4 1 . 5 0
326.50 2 9 7 . 0 0 - 3 5 6 . 0 0
240.00 2 2 1 . 0 0 - 2 6 7 . 0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ! .
CLASS A ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

49
46

39.0
39.0

361. 00
36 6.0 0

345.00
345.00

326.50-383.50
326.50-385.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ! .
CLASS 8 ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

61
45

39.5
40.0

28 9.0 0
30 0.0 0

280.50
297.50

241.50-336.00
249.50-348.50

-

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S 1 .
CLASS C -------------------------------------------------------

40

39. 5 26 8.0 0

277.50

242.00-299.00

-

-

-

-

8

COMPUTER OPERATORS ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURINE ----------------------------------

219
107
112

39. 5 23 4.5 0
4 0 . 0 262.5 0
39. 0 20 7.0 0

217.00 1 8 2 . 0 0 - 2 6 7 . 5 0
241.50 2 0 4 . 0 0 - 3 0 6 . 0 0
198.00 1 7 1 . 0 0 - 2 4 0 . 0 0

8
8

13
13

26
8
18

32
12
20

36
15
21

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

75
55

3 9 . 5 2 7 5. 00
39. 5 28 7.5 0

251.50
301.50

201.5 0 -3 4 2 .5 0
201.50-346.50

_

_

-

-

3
2

10
6

10
7

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

95
39
56

39. 0 23 5.5 0
39. 5 24 6.5 0
3 9 . 0 22 7. 5 0

222.50
236.00
203.50

198.00-266.00
220.5 0 -2 6 2 .5 0
198.0 0 -2 8 5 .0 0

_
-

-

-

1

8
3
5

17
3
14

20
4
16

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS C ----------NONMANUFACTURINE ----------------------------------

49
36

3 9 . 5 17C.00
39. 5 157.5 0

171.00
150.00

1 4 1 . 5 0 - 1 8 0 . OC
140.00-172.50

8
8

12
12

15
12

5
2

6
2

1

_

-

-

DRAFTERS -----------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURINE:
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

4 36
227

4 0 . 0 29 5. 0 0
40. 0 30 5.0 0

298.00
303.00

230.0 0 -3 4 5 .0 0
238.50-347.50

3
-

3
-

21
1

32
21

36
19

28
20

16
5

55
20

27 4.0 0

267.00

267.0 0 -3 0 1 .0 0

-

-

4

-

4

-

2

26

-

4

1

7

2

O RA FT E RS . CLASS A ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

168
106

40. 0 35 7.5 0
4 0 . 0 34 9.0 0

339.00
325.00

319.50-374.50
301.5 0 -3 6 8 .5 0

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

i
i

11
11

13
13

28
18

31
18

12
5

33
25

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

18
12

-

-

15
15

31
20
11

34
19
15

10
8
2

-

4

1

7

i

1

4

_
-

3
1

4

11
11

9
9

CLASS

c
r

D R A FT E RS .

50

o
o

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ! ----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURINE -----------------------------------

29 6.0 0
29 9.5 0

287. 50 2 5 6 . 0 0 - 3 2 2 . 5 0
286.00 2 5 1 . 3 0 - 3 2 1 . 5 0

~

_

-

7
6

24
23

11

It

10

11

4
4

12
11

4

12
12

2

4

“

-

4

12

3

2

_

2

_

6

16

1

3

7

4

6

6

3

1

1

1

”

1

_

_

1

4

17

6

7

5

2

2

_

2

_

14
7

10
8

6
3

10
8

3
2

6
5

4
4

4
4

2
2

2
2

-

-

-

-

~

“

“

2

6

4

18

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

19
17
2

25
13
12

8
8

13
10
3

3
3

6
6
-

1
1
-

3
3

-

1
1
-

-

-

12
7
*
5

_
-

-

12
2
10

-

-

1
1
-

6
4

13
6

2
2

_

8
8

3
3

10
7

6
6

_

-

1
1

-

-

2
2

1
1

12
12

12
7
5

4
4
-

12
2
10

5
2
3

_
-

2

-

_
-

_
-

-

2

-

-

1
1
-

_
-

-

-

-

i
i
-

-

2

_

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

38
23

43
27

41
23

3
3

12
1

11
2

5
2

8
7

8
8

-

-

-

73
70

40. 0 323. 50
40. 0 325.50

320.50
320.50

281.00-356.50
291.5 0 -3 6 3 .0 0

_

_
-

_
-

_

-

See footnotes at end of ta bl e s .

5

-

12
4

3
~
3

4

17
8

25
10

27
1
26

-

35
27 i

4

2

-

~

-

-

“
1

-

-

2

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

11
-

10
1

3

5

8

-

4

8

_

5
-

16
3

1
1

1
1

1
1

-

i
i

3
3

10
10

1
1

_
-

_
-

1
1

1
i

_

_

-

-

38

1

2

8

3

4

-

-

-

-

1
1

19
19

«

8
8

11
9
4

-

10

7

5
5

3
1
1

“

38
1»

1

-

10

-

1

3

7
7
-

17

4

1
3

-

29
26

“

1




10

2
1

7

16
10

-

306.00-324.50

m a n u fa c tu r in g

6

-

314.00

-----------------------------------------------------

~

“

39.5

nurses

11

-

71

in d u s t r ia l

4

“

“

-------------------------

RE GIST ER ED

1

-

_

184.50-267.00
191.00-238.50
184.50-267.00

316.0 0

2

1

8

213.00
209.50
218.50

t e c h n ic ia n s

3

2

9
3

-

40. 0 232.0 0
40. 0 238.5 0
40. 0 2 2 6. 50

e l e c t r o n ic s

2

8

-

8

137
61
76

class

8

-

-

c -------------------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

,

_

-

40.0
40.0

m a n u fa c tu r in g

_

“

_

116
58

drafters

_

“

-

-

B --------------------------------------------------------------------------

m a n u fa c tu r in g

~

9
8
1

-

2
2

2
2

i
1

-

_

_

-

-

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
Toledo, Ohio—Mich., May 1979
Average
(mean2)
Occupation,

OFFICE

sex,

and indu stry d ivi sio n

OCCUPATIONS -

Number
of
workers

Week^r
hour*
(standard]

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

Average
(mean2)
Occupation,

HEN
39.0

MESSENGERS -----------------------------------------

MO.O 29 2 . 0 0
MO.O 3 0 6. 00

and industry division

-

MO.O

3 1 6. 50

PAYROLL CLERKS -------------------------------NANUFACTURING ---------------------------

MO.O
MO.O

27 7 . 5 0
27 7 . 5 0

F I L E CLERKS ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

SECRETARIES --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONHANUF A C T U R I N G ---------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------

142 .50
142 .0 0

54
40

39. 5 1 5 4. 00
MO.O 1 6 1 . 5C

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

100
26
74

39. 5 1 7 3. 50
39. 5 2 3 3. 00
40. G 1 5 2. 50

39. 5 26 9 . 0 0
MO.O 2 7 9 . 0 0
3 9 . 0 2 1 9. 50

SWITCHBOARD

o p e r a TOR-RECEPTIONISTS-------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

1 72
89
83

39. 0 171 .5 0
3 9. 5 1 7 2. 00
38. 5 170 .5 0

ORDER CLERKS ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

196
158

39.0 179 .0 0
39. 5 1 8 3. 50

100

MO. 0 2M7.0C
MO.O 2 5 2 . CO
3 9 . 0 23 1 . 0 0

SECRETARIES. CLASS 0 --------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------

133
80
53
35

MO.O
MO. 0
39. 5
MO.O

SECRETARIES. CLASS E --------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

151

MO.O 23M.50
MO.O 22 6 . 0 0

STENOGRAPHERS ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUF A C T U R I N G ----------------------

1 Ml
70

MO.O 2M0.50
3 9 . 5 22 3 . 5 3
MO. 0 25 7 . 0 0

22 9 . 0 0
2M9.50
19 7. 5 0
2 0 0. 50

MO. 0 2 7 0 . 0 0
100
57
M3
258
107
151

MO.O 2 2 8 . 0 0
3 9 . 5 21 2 . 0 0
MO.O 25 0 . 0 0
3 9 . 0 1 8 6. 50
39. 5 20 6 . 5 0
39. 0 1 7 2 . 5 0
38. 5 20 2 . 0 0
38. 5 1 7 0. 00

manufacturing

3 9. 5

218 .00

A -----------------------

35

OROER CLERKS. CLASS B ----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

161
131

39.0 170 .50
39. 5 178 .5 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

787
372
M15
34

39. 5
39. 5
3 9. 5
MO.O

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

244
153
91

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

2 2 8 .0 0
2 4 6. 50
1 9 8. 00

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS R -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUF A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

543
219
3 24

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

189 .50
200 .5 0
1 8 2 . CO

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE
OPERATORS -------NONMANUFACTURINF --------------------------------

45
33

ORDER CLERKS.

CLASS

2 0 1. 50
2 1 9 .5 0
1 8 5 . 5C
242 .00

38. 5 2 0 0 . OC
3 8 .0 1 7 8. 00

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
CLASS A ----------------------------------------------------

30

3 8 .5

2 0 6 .5 0
2 1 fl .0 0
1 88 .5 0

6 0 .0

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

179
127
52|

3 9. 5 2 2 3 .5 0
3 9 . 5 2 3 7 .0 0
38 . 5 1 91 .0 0

KEY ENTRY OPFRA TORS* CLASS 8 -------m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------NONMANUF t C T U R I N G ---------------------------------

172
87
85

3 9 . 5 1 8 9 .0 3
MQ. 0 1 9 1 .0 0
3 9. C 1 87 .0 3

COMPUTER SYSTFHS ANALYSTS
( B US IN E S S ) -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

173
til
62

39.5
39.5
39.0

COMPUTER SYSTFMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS A -------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

75
59

39 . 5 MMM.50
39. 5 MMB. 5 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS B -------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

94
51
43

39 . 0 3 8 2 .5 0
39. 5 3 55 .5 0
39 . 0 M l 5 . 0 3

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) -----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

97
79

MO. 0 3 1 1 .0 0
MO.O 3 2 « . 0 3

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( P U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS A ----------------------------------------------------

28

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------

46
35

COMPUTER OPERATORS ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NOHMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

135
69
66

39 . 5 2 3 9 .0 0
MO. 0 2 6 8 .5 0
39 . 0 2 0 8 .5 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS A -----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

63
47

39 . 5 2 6 9 .5 0
3 9 . 5 2 7 9 .0 0

47
30

39.0
39.0

2M1.00
2 3 2 .5 0

MO.O
MO.O

3 03 .5 0
3 08 .0 0

39.0

1 M9
84
65

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 9 7 .5 0
2 0 2. 00
1 9 1. 00

PROFESSIONAL ANn TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

189 .0 0

PAYROLL CLERKS ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

COMPUTER OPERATORS.

S e e fo o tn o te s at en d o f t a b le s .




38 .5
3 8 .5

MESSENGERS ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

A 18
318

SENIOR -------------

$
39.5

351
214
137

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS -------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

3 8. 0 1 4 0 .0 3
37. 5 1 3 7. 00

c l a s s c -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

T Y P I S T S . CLASS A -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

27
26
1 Ml
133

SECRETARIES,

TYPISTS -----------------------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

38. 0 142 .0 0
38 .0 138 .0 0

FI LE CLERKS. CLASS C ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

199
165

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL ----------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

1771
166

2M9.5Q
26 2 . 5 0
2 2 2. 50
21 0 . 5 0

39.5
MO.O
39. 0
MO.O

SECRETARIES. CLASS B --------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

STENOGRAPHERS.

$
3 9. 5 181 .5 0
MO.O 1 9 1. 50
39. 0 173.50

3 9 . 5 30 0 . 5 0
39. 5 31 8 . 5 0

1 .0 1 2
689
323

SECRETARIES. CLASS A --------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

manufacturing

192
8
*1
108

F IL E CLERKS. CLASS 8 ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

WOMEN

s e x . 3 and indus try di vis io n

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B ---------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

CONTINUED

CLASS A -

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

Occupation,

Average
(mean2)
Number r"
Weekly
of
Weekly
hours1
earning!1
workers
(standard)
(

OFFIGF OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

T Y P I S T S , c l a s s b ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

ACCOUNTING CLERKSt

Weekly
Weekly
earnings1
h
ours
[standard) (standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS W MEN— CONTINUED
O

$
195.00
TYPISTS

ACCOUNTING CLERKS ------------------------NANUFACTURING ---------------------------

sex,

tuber
of
ik
ers

6

CLASS C

DRAFTERS --------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

39.5
MO.O

M07.50
MOM.50
M l2 . 5 0

2 8 0 .0 0
2 8 5 .5 0

25
377
217

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
Toledo, Ohio—Mich., May 1979— Continued
Averts.
(mean*)
Oc cupation ,

s e x , 3 and indu str y divis ion

Number
of
worker*

____
PROFESSIONAL
OCCUPATIONS DRAFTERS -

Weekh
r
hours
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

Occupation,

sex, 3 and industry d iv ision

Weekly
hours1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS -----------------------

CONTINUED

DRAFTERS. CLASS 6 -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

111
58

4 0 . 'J 2 9 8 . 5C
4 0 . 0 2 9 9 . 5C

ORAFTERS.

CLASS C:
---------------------------------------

m anufacturing

54

O

164
103

24 2.5 0

39.5

3 1 8 .5 0

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS 1RUSINESS) -----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of ta bl es .




7

s e x . 3 and industry div ision

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

Weekly
Weekly
earnings1
(standard) (standard)

AN0 TECHNICAL
WOMEN— CONTINUED

53
35

3 9 . 0 3 0 0 .0 0
39. 0 3 3 0. 00

COMPUTER OPERATORS ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

84
38
46

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

$
226 .50
252 .50
205 .50

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B ---------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

67

$
40. 0 3 5 8 . 0C
4 0 . 0 35C.OO

O

QRAF TERS. CLASS A -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

Occupation,

PROFESSIONAL
OCCUPATIONS -

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - HEN— CONTINUED

»N0 TECHNICAL
HEN— CONTINUED

Average
(mean*)

Average
(mean2)
Number
of
workers

48
26

3 9 .5
39.0

2 30 .00
221 .50

REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSES -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

67
65

40.0
40.0

3 18 .50
321 .00

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers, Toledo, Ohio—Mich., May 1979
Hourly earnings 4

N u m ber o f w o rk ers re c e iv in g stra ig h t-tim e hourly earnings o fS
6.20

«
6.40

s
6.80

S
7.00

*
7 .2 0

*
7 .4 0

*
7 .60

%

8 .6 0

s
8. 80

%

8.20

s
8 .4 0

%

7 .8 0

$
8 .0 0

%

6 .6 0

9 .0 0

s
9 .2 0

s
9. 40

*
9 .6 0

6 .2 0

6 .4 0

6 .6 0

6 .8 0

7.00

7.20

7 .4 0

7 .6 0

7 .80

8 .0 0

8 .2 0

8.40

8. 60

8 .8 0

9 . 00

9 .2 0

9.40

9.60

9 .8 0 1 0 . 0 0 1 0 .4 0 1 0 . 8 0

“

“

“

“

“

“

3

7

"

1

1

1

2

-

2

4

-

-

-

3

3

18
18
-

5
3
2

11
_

1 42
119
23

75
75

3

32
28
4

_
-

“

9
3
6

-

“

“
“

131
131
-

-

-

-

-

i

1
1

2
-

8
8

_

_

-

-

S
6 .0 0

UUlt*l
O ccupation and in d u s tr y d iv is io n
orkers

Mean 2

Median2

%
*
*
9 . 8 0 1 3 .0 0 1 0 .4 0

Under
Middle range 2
and
under
6 .0 0

MAINTENANCE

CARPENTERS ----------------------

30

$
8.71

$
8. 53

$
7.9 0 -

$
9.49

“

“

3
3

14
14
-

3
3

9
6
3

3

62
59
3

3
3

3

10
2

1
1

3
-

2
2

9
6

-

10
10

-

-

-

-

18
6
12

12

a

9

MAINTENANCE E L E C T R I C I A N S -----------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURINE -----------------------------

691
619
72

9. 25
9.30
8*8 5

9. 86
9. 86
9. 18

8 .5 3 -10.37
8.6 5 -1 0 .3 7
7 . 9 3 - 9. 9 1

MAINTENANCE P AI N TE R S --------------------------MANUFACTURING — — ■*-------------------------

60
*0

8.39
8.88

7.71
9.65

6 . 9 3 - 9.75
7 . 7 1 - 1 C . 10

MAINTENANCE m a c h i n i s t s ---------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

196
180

9.18
9.19

9. 88
9. 88

8 .6 0 -10.10
8 .6 0 -10.10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS ( MA C H I N E R T !
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURINE -----------------------------

901
753
148

8.81
9.04
7» 6 4

9. 13
9. 16
7. 22

7 .41-10.36
8 .0 8 -10.37
6 . 7 2 - 8. 7 0

27
21
6

3
~
3

3

33
27
6

38
4
34

81
72
9

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
( MOTOR V E H IC L E S ) ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURINE ----------------------------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S --------------- ---------

492
116
376
346

9.76
8.96
10.0 1
10. 20

9 .64-10.46
10. 38
8.0 8 -1 0 .1 9
9.65
10. 38 1 0 . 3 8 - 1 0 . 4 6
10. 38 1 0 . 3 8 - 1 0 . 4 6

-

3
3
-

3
3
-

15
15

MAINTENANCE P I P E F I T T E R S -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

271
264

9.30
9. 32

9. 88
9. 88

8.5 4 -1 0 .1 9
8.5 4 -1 0 .1 9

_

12
12

12
12

-

MAINTENANCE S H EET -M ET AL WORKERS MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

122
87

8.80
9. 51

8. 65
10. 18

7 .44-10.19
8.65-10.19

_

3
“

3

4
4

MIL LW RIGH TS -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

574
574

9.44
9.44

9.75
9. 75

8 .6 5 -10.19
8.65-13.19

_

-

-

MAINTENANCE TRAPES HELPFRS ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

91
82

7.41
7.51

7. 98
7. 98

6.457.9 8 -

7.98
7.98

8
6

9
8

6
6

2
-

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS 1 TOOLROOM)
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

202
202

9.85
9.85

9. 77
9.77

9.77-10.26
9 .7 7 -10.26

-

-

-

_

-

-

_
“

-

-

8.52-10.45
8.52-10.45

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

15
15

35
35

8
8

9
9

-

-

-

9
9

-

-

_

3

_

“

6

“

“

TOOL ANO D I E MAKERS ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

991
991

9. 6 1
9.61

10. 12
10. 12

ST ATIONARY ENGINEERS --------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

77
72

8.60
8.77

8. 52
8. 52

6.888 .4 4 -

9.98
9.98

_

5
-

_

-

-

“

BO IL E R TENDERS ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

84
84

8. 26
8. 26

7.67
7.67

7.387.38-

9.85
9.85

_

_

_

-

3
“

3

3
”

-

-

-

”

24
24

_

3

-

-

See footnotes at end o f ta b les.




-

8

-

4
4
”

5
5
“

_

_

-

-

28
1
27
27

3
3
3

4
4
-

2

19
19

-

”

9
9

76
76

20
20

-

-

-

-

-

1
i

-

-

-

-

25
25

-_

-

41
41

195
195

-

1
1

19
19

-

4

-

-

-

“
1

-

-

“

2
2

61
61

“

-

-

-

-

6

75
75
~

“

33
33

6

11
11
“

4
4

“
-

12
12

10
13

-

“

-

1
1

28
28

3

-

2
2

39
39

1

”

-

-

-

13
8

“

i
i

9
“

-

2
1
1
*

-

”

45
42

25
15
10
7

-

“

-

-

106
103
3

4
4

-

-

1
1

9
6
3

1

-

_

3
3

30
24
6

2

-

_

_

-

12
6
6

9

-

7
7
-

-

2

3
3
-

119
114
5

21
21

12
3
9

2
6

-

45
39
6

9
9

37
34
3

“

-

-

“
12

“

9

18
18

-

12
12

8
i

4

*

_

-

11

_

13
13

-

28
28

68
62

4
4

29
29

78
78

145
145

135
135

44
18
26
26

7
7
-

127
127
127

_

“

-

196
38
1 58
156

32
32

126
126

-

2
-

3
3

-

_

_

-

-

-

9
9

47
47

_

1
1

_

2
2

2C7
207

22
22

180
180

.
-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

8
8

67
67

43
43

19
19

8
8

46
4.6

_

3
3

“

3
3

6
6

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

3
3

-

_

-

-

-

-

_
-

_

_
_
-

_
_
-

-

81
81

19
19

87
87

25C
250

252
252

11
11

4

8
8

4

19
19

4

4

_

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers, Toledo, Ohio—Mich., May 1979
Num ber of w o rk e rs re c e iv in g stra ig h t-tim e hourly earn in gs of—

Hourly earnings 4

t
Middle range 2

TRUCK

TRUCKDRIVERS. ME01UM TRUCK
MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------TRUCK0RIVERS.

HEAVY TRUCK

s

i

£

5

i

i

i

i

i

8.00

8 .2 0

8 .9 0

9 .8 0

5.20

5 .6 0

6.00

6 .9 0

6.80

7.20

7.60

8 .0 0

8 .9 0

8 .80

9 .2 0

9 .6 0 1 0 .0 0

8.68
7.97
9.02
9.86

9. 18
7.55
9. 88
10. 28

20 3 .8 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

8 .0 C

9.20

8 .8 0

8 .8 0

5 .2 0

5 .6 0

6.90

6.8 0

7 .2 0

7.60

8.00

8 .9 0

8 .80

9 .2 0 9 .6 0 1 0 . 0 0 1 0 . 8 0

39

5.58

5. 89

91
41
-

57
8
49

90
36
4

39
21
18

95
62
33
-

12
8
4
-

t

27
9
18

37
37

1
1

-

25

55
6
49

33
30
3

_

33

-

-

-

-

33

-

3 .7 5 - 6.02

161
68
93

6.80
7. 39
5.67

6. 37
8. 16
5. 2 5

5 .0 0 - 8.15
6 .3 7 - 8.18
5 . 0 0 - 7 .6 7

69

8.62

8. 60

8 .0 3 -

7.73-10.28
6 .8 0 - 8.18
9 .1 8 1 0 .2 8
9.1 8 10 .2 8

8

10

11

4

-

-

-

8

10

11

4

-

25
7
18

23
8
19

18

11

10

-

a

10

8

4
-

8

-

25
7
18

23
9
19

9. 29
9.
6.98
6.
9. 56
9.
9 . 8 6 10.

SHIPPERS --------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

166
93
73

6. 57
6. 6 4
6.48

6. 51
6.51
6. 67

5 .985.986 .99-

RECEIVERS -----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

1 55
75
80

6.02
6.99
5.58

5. 96
6. 18
5. 49

5 .3 8 - 6.83
5 .9 6 - 7.17
8 .9 2 - 6.67

SHIPPERS AND RECEIVERS
MANUFACTURING -----------

181
128

6.90
7.10

7. 8 8
8. 87

6 .066 .06-

8 .8 7
8.55

WAREHOUSEMEN -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMAN(JF AC TUP I N E -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

717
181
5 36
27

6. 28
6. 26
6. 23
6.72

6.
5.
6.
7.

28
33
28
31

5.335.125.795.73-

6. 83
8 .3 0
6 .7 8
7 .3 1

-

6
6

-

T

ORDER FIL LER S

---------------------------------------------

319

6.19

6. 81

5.96-

6. 83

-

-

-

-

-

SHIP PI NG PACKERS --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

801
383

6.97
7.07

8. 39
8. 39

4 . 4 58.53-

8. 39
8. 39

-

-

2

21
21

-

MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS ----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUF a CTURINE --------------------------------

1.011
578
4 37

7.82
6.89
9. C4

7. 61
6. 98
9. 43

6.735.879.83-

9. 43
7.61
9 .4 3

-

7
7
“

FORKLIFT OPERATORS ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

1.859
1. 309
150

7.28
7.13
8.19

7. 58
7 .5 8
7. 88

6 . 2 6 - 8. 39
6 . 2 6 - 8. 22
6.33-10.23

-

--------------------------

88

6. 38

6. 35

5.79-

7.10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

15

-

-

GUAROS ------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

1.198
195
1.C03

4. C4
6.89
3. 8 8

3. 1C
7.18
3. 00

2.905.812.90-

4. 45
7.70
3. 85

378

86
86

69
69

35

378

265
265

35

19
3
16

24
3
21

19
6
13

52
11
81

27
21
6

GUARDS. CLASS B -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------ -------NONMANUF A C T U R I N 6 --------------------------------

1. 155
195
R60

3. 9 0
6.89
3. 29

3. 00
7. 18
3.00

2.905.812.90-

8.00
7.70
3. 3 5

378
378

265
26 5

86
86

69
69

35
35

19
3
16

28
3
21

19
6
13

52
11
81

JA NITORS . PORTERS. AND CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUF.. CTORING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

1*836
924
912
68

5. 5 0
7. C 4
3. 94
6.09

5. 13
7. 0 7
3. 90
5. 90

3.906. 283. 355.05-

7. 51
8 .0 6
8. 15
7. 22

74
78
-

16
16

217
217
-

68
7
61
-

36
36
1

122
122

180

77
3
74
i

58
15
39
7

See

fo o tn o te s

at en d




9

5

-

2
2

9

-

“

2

8

9 . 1 8 - 10 .2 8
6 . 8 0 - 7 .5 0
9.181 0 .2 8
9 .1810.28

9

40
90

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

4

i

10

2

2

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

6 .8 1
6.81
6 .8 1

i

10

2

2

-

“

-

“
-

-

-

-

13
7
6

37
9
28

6
6

16
16

21
6
15

-

“

71
33
38

16
12
8

15
15
-

15
7
8

13
8
5

-

2
2

88
7
81
4

51
21
30
4

228

46
46
1
106

“

2
“

-

-

-

-

78

-

5

82

21
15

17
15

30
30

30
30

-

_

-

- 6

_
“

-

“

23
18
5

17
15
2

21
21

-

-

-

o f t a b le s .

9

-

-

180

135
75
60
1

228
'

_

“

373
373

-

~

-

4

2

32

223
7
216
216

75
75
31

-

i
i
-

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

4
4

6
-

6

373
37 3
373
2
2

ii
7
9

6
6
“

-

6
5
1

7
1
6

6
9
2

8
7
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

59
19
80

22
22
16

49
89
1

50
50
-

-

-

-

“

-

60

28

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
9

15
15

2
-

229
229

19
19

-

-

79
71
8

89
87
2

38
38
-

65
65
-

311
291
20

101
101

2 83
2 83
-

-

18
18
“

107
107
“

71
25
86

15
15

165
163
2

38
38

36
36

115
115

382
288
58

63
51
12

27
27
“

102
102

26

12

8

5

-

-

-

10
7
3

18
12
6

5
3
2

2
-

6
6

77
88
29

1
-

2

59
82
17

27
21
6

10
7
3

18
12
6

5
3
2

2
2

59
82
17

-

88
88
~

“

23
23
"

16
16
“

139
105
38
19

22
8
18
6

29
27
2
“

80
76
4

57
44
13
13

193
187
6
i

58
57
1
1

283
276
7
7

-

-

131
119
12
12

1'
-

-

4
4
-

_

-

_

_

2

2

37 3

113
25
88
31

82
82

2

18
9
9

i

-

-

1
1

“

-

-

11
11

2
2

15
18
2
2

16
12
8

225
9
216
216

6
1
1

9

9 .2 1

838
87
751
6 20

POWER-TRUCK OPERATORS
(OTHER THAN FORKLIFT*

16
19
2

35
15
20

i

TRUCKDPIVERS• TRACTOR-TRAILER -----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUF A C T U R I N G -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

98
81
88
28

o
o

LIEUT

<

3 .8 0

$

1. 127
25C
877
621

TRUCKD RI VER S -----------------MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S
TRUCKDRIVFRS.

$

1

3 .6 0

3 .0 0

and
under
3,00

$

t

3.90

«c

Mean *

I

3 .2 0

6

2 .9 0

Occupation and in du stry d iv is io n

250
250

_

105

-

_

_

-

“

-

18

-

-

-

28
23
5

16
16

1
-

1
1

105

-

-

-

1

_

“
-

69
69

Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement, and
custodial workers, by sex, Toledo, Ohio—Mich., May 1979
Average
(mean* )
hourly
earnings4

O ccupation, s e x ,3 and in du stry d iv is io n

Mi INTEN * NCE » TOOLROOM. ANO
POWERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - MEM
MAINTENANCE

CARPENTERS --------------------------

MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIANS --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

30
691
619
72

$
8 .7 1
9. 25
9. 30
8.85

60
*0

8. 39
8.88

MAINTENANCE

MACHINISTS -------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------

196
180

9. 18
9.19

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY) MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------

901
753
1A8

8.81
9.04
7.64

MAINTENANCE p a i n t e r s -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

MAINTENANCE m e c h a n i c s
(MOTOR VEHICLES I ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

492
116
376
346

9. 76
8.96
10. 01
10 .2 0

MAINTENANCE P IP E F IT T ER S ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

271
264

9 .3 C
9. 32

MAINTENANCE SHEET-METAL WORKERS -----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

122
87

8.80
9.5 1

MILLWRIGHTS -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

574
574

9 .4 4

O ccupation, sex,

and industry d ivis io n

Number Average
(mean2)
of
hourly
woiken
earnings4

MAINTENANCE. TOOLROOM, AND
POWERPLANT OCCUPATIONSMEN— CONTINUED

SHIPPING PACKERS --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

306
3C«

$
6.92
6.91

977
548
429

7.84
6.87
9.09

1 .4 09
.260
149

7.24
7.12
8.19

--------------------------

75

6. 35

GUARDS ------------------------------------------------------------6. 4C
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------7. 39
n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------5 .6 7

1 . 0 39
179
860

4.14
6. 98
3 . 55

996
179
817

3.98
6.98
3. 32

1 .293
817
476

5.96
7.11
3. 98

MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS:
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

26

7.32

FORKLIFT OPERATORS ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

5C
49

7 . 36
7 . 35

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

528
107
421

4.39
6.49
3. 85

$
8. 26
8 .2 6

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

LIGHT

TRUCK --------------

TRUCKDRIVERS. MEDIUM TRUCK -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------TRUCKORIVERS.

HEAVY TRUCK --------------

1

FORKLIFT
127
2 50
877
621

8 .6 8
7 .4 7
9.02
9.86

39

5 .5 8

161
68
93
69

8. 62

142
70
72

6.08
6.42
5 .7 4

202
202

9.85
9.85

SHIPPERS ANO RECEIVERS -------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

131
122

7. 10
7 .0 7

TOOL AND OIF MAKERS -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

989
989

9 .6 1
9 .6 1

WAREHOUSEMEN ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

622
176
446

6.25
6. 27
6 .2 5

77
72

8.60
8.77

ORDER FILLER S

238

6 .6 0

manufacturing

See footn otes at end o f tables,




CLASS p --------------------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

m anufacturing

6.53
6.54
6.52

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS < TOOLROOM! MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

--------------------------------------------------------------------

GUAROS.

159
87
72

9.44

---------------------------------------------

1

operators

THAN FORKLIFT!

SHIPPERS -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

7.44
7.55

engineers

(OTHER

9. 29
6.98
JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANFRS -----9. 56
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------9. 86
n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------

89
80

STATIONARY

power- truck

838
87
751
6 20

TRADES h f l p f r s ------------------------------------------------------

m anufacturing

OPERATORS ------------------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

m anufacturing

TRUCKDRIVERS. TRACTOR-TRAILER -----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

RECEIVERS -----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

MAINTENANCE

Average
(mean2)
hourly
earnings4

MATERIAL HANDLING LARORERS ----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

MANUFACTURING

TRUCKDRIVERS.

Number
of
workers

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

84
84

TRUCKDRIVERS ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

and in du stry d iv is io n

O ccupation,

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN




Table A-7. Percent Increases in average hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
Toledo, Ohio—Mich., for selected periods
A p r il

A p r il 1473"

A l l in d u stries:
O ffic e c l e r i c a l . ____________________________________

to

to

A p r il 1973

Industry and occupational group 5

A p ril 1974

A p ril 1974 to
May 1975
13 -month
12 -month
in crea se
in crea se

May 197!> " K T a T T W

Kfay 1$77'

M ay 1978

to

to

to

to

M ay 1976

M ay 1977

M ay 1978

M ay 1979

4.7
(‘ )
6.2
5.5
7.6

6.6
(6 )
6.2
8.0
8.1

i i.i
8.1
12.7
11.1
10.3

10.2
7.5
11.7
10.2
9.5

7.1
7.1
7.7
7.8
8.3

6.8
7.5
7.3
8.9
7.9

9.4
8.6
11.0
9.1
9.3

7.0
7.2
9.0
8.7
7.6

4.5
(6 )
5.9
5.4
6.7

6.3
(6 )
6.2
8.1
8.6

11.7
9.4
12.8
11.7
13.2

10.8
8.6
11.8
10.8
12.1

6.9
7.3
7.8
7.6
8.1

7.5
8.1
7.3
8.9
8.0

8.9
8.7
11.0
9.2
9.7

6.2
6.1
9.0
8.7
9.6

4.7
(‘ )
(‘ )
9.1

7.3
(6 )
(6)

9.5
(6 )
(6 )
6.4

8.7
(6 )
(6 )
5.9

7.8
(6 )
(6 )
8.6

5.5
(6 )
(6 )
7.6

10.3
(6 )
(6 )
9.3

7.2
(6 )
(6 )
4.8

M anufacturing:

Nonm anufacturing:
O ffic e c l e r i c a l______________________________________

7.3

See footnotes at end of tables.

11

Table A-8. Average pay relationships within establishments for white-collar occupations
Toledo, Ohio—Mich., May 1979
O ffic e c le r ic a l occupation being com pared—
O c c u p a t i o n w h i c h e q u a l s 100

Se Cretan s

Stenographers

Typists

F ile clerks
Messen­
gers

Class A

S EC R E T A R IE S . CLASS A...........................
S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS 8 ...........................
S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS C...........................
S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS D...........................
S EC R E T A R IE S . CLASS E...........................
STENOGRAPHERS. S E N IO R ........................
STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL.....................
T Y P I S T S . CLASS A ......................................
T Y P I S T S . CLASS B ......................................
F I L E C L E R K S . CLASS B ...........................
F I L E C L E R K S . CLASS C...........................
MESSENGERS.......................................................
SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS........................
SWITCHBOARD OPERATORR E C E P T I O N I S T S ............................................
ORDER C L E R K S . CLASS A........................
ORDER C L E R K S . CLASS B ........................
ACCOUNTING CL E R K S . CLASS A . . . .
ACCOUNTING C L E R K S . CLASS B . . . .
B OO KK EEP ING -MA CHI NE
OPERATORS. CLASS A..............................
PAYROLL CL ER KS............................................
KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS A . .
KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS B . .

Class B

Class C

Class D

Class E

1 00
116
12 9
(6)
(6)
(8)
(6 )
1 97
176
1 96
(6)
201
1 92

1 00
1 19
(6 )
12 9
(6 )
1 27
129
155
(6)
156
182
127

100
112
115
122
1 26
(6)
192
(6)
16 7
166
12 1

10 0
11 2
1 17
(6)
(6)
1 26
128
151
1 59
102

100
(6)
98
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6 )
(6)
(6)

20 2
121
(6)
125
1 62

191
10 0
1 92
1 29
192

12 8
88
126
11 2
1 22

1 29
(6)
1 17
99
1 22

117
(6)
129
1 09
(6)

125
(6)
(6)
07

(6)
1 27
1 29
162

199
110
12 1
191

120
112
119
1 26

(6)
10 6
10 7
12 1

(6)
12 2
1 10
1 22

Senior

General

Class A

Class B

Class B

100
91
(6)
(6)
(6)
192
1 00

100
116
129
1 22
120
107

1 00
116
117
122
87

. 100
(6)
109
77

106

109
(6 1
95
85
102

82
(6 1
(6)
90
105

95
(6 1
82
76
86

(6 1
96
10 1
(6 1

(6)
89
95
10 8

(6 1
91
97
108

88
81
87
91

10 0
(6 1
(6 )

(6)
(6 )
(6)
(6)
(6)

Class C

Switch­
board
Switch­
board
operatorrecep­
operators
tionists

Order clerks

Accou n tin g clerks

Book­
k eepin goperators,
Class A

Class A

Class B

Class A

Class B

10 0
101
75

1 00
79

96
(6)
(6 1
72
88

89
(6)
62
79
82

(6 1
(61
(6 1
93
105

ICO
(6 1
1C2
83
96

100
(6 )
11 3
199

10C
78
97

100
12 3

(61
76
79
89

(6)
72
82
8C

(6 1
87
99
115

(6)
88
98
1C2

(6)
1 16
1 09
(6 1

(6)
92
36
10 1

102
106
10 3
117

80
95
38
10 3

Class B

100
120

100

100

(6 1
75
77
99

Class A

100

(6 1
(6 1
(6 1
(61
88

K e y entry operators
Payroll

1 00
(6 1
(61
(61

1 00
107
1 23

P r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ical occupation being com pared—
Computer systems
analysts (business)

Class A

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S 1 . CLASS A ...........................
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ! . CLASS B ...........................
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS
( B U S I N E S S ! . CLASS A ...........................
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS
( B U S I N E S S l . CLASS B ...........................
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS
( B U S I N E S S l . CLASS C...........................
COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS A . . .
COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B . . .
COMPUTER OPERATORS. .CLASS C . . .
DRAFT ER S. CLASS A ...................................
DRA FTE RS . CLASS B ...................................
DRAFT ER S. CLASS C ...................................
REGISTERED I N D U S T R I A L N U R S E S . .

Computer programmers (business)

Class B

Class A

Class B

Computer operators

Class C

Class A

Class B

Drafters

Class C

Class A

Class B

Class C

Registered
industrial
nurses

1 00
115

100

120

103

IC C

1 92

118

120

100

(6 !

139
120
169
185
117
119
150
120

(6 1
135
166
(6 1
112
125
169
(61

125
116
127
161
81
99
139
96

15 1
189
20 7
136
155
213
1 91

100
97
112
12 8
(6 !

(6 1
(61
(E l

100
12 5
138
82
90
112
100

100
107
70
82
12*1
79

1 00
73
83
(6 1
70

100
129
17 3
116

100
138
101

100
85

100

See fo otn ote at end o f tables.

NOTE:
T a b les A -8 and A -9 p resen t the a vera g e pay re la tio n s h ip betw een p a irs o f occupations w ithin establish m ents. F o r exa m ple, a value o f 122 in d ica tes the earn in gs fo r the
occupation d ir e c tly above in the heading are 22 p ercen t g r e a te r than earn in gs fo r the occupation d ir e c tly to the le ft in the stub. S im ila rly , a valu e o f 85 in dica tes earn in gs fo r the
occupation in the heading a re 15 p e rcen t b elo w earn in gs fo r the occupation in the stub.
See appendix A fo r m ethod o f computation.




12

Table A-9. Average pay relationships within establishments for blue-collar occupations, Toledo, Ohio—Mich., May 1979
M aintenance, to o lro o m , and pow erplant occupation being com pared—
O ccupation w hich equals 100
Carpenters

Electricians

Painters

Machinists

Pipefitters
M achinery

MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS................
MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIANS............
MAINTENANCE PAINTERS.....................
MAINTENANCE MACHINISTS................
MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
( MACHINERY J......................................
MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR VEH ICLES)...........................
MAINTENANCE P IPE F ITTE R S ..............
MAINTENANCE SHEET-METAL
WORKERS...............................................
MILLWRIGHTS.........................................
MAINTENANCE TRADES H E L P E R S ....
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS
( TOOLROOM).........................................
TOOL AND DIE MAKERS.......................
STATIONARY ENGINEERS.....................
BOILER TENDERS..................................

Sheet- m etal
workers

M illwrights

Trades helpers

Motor veh icles

100
97
103
98

100
109
99

100
97

101

98

102

103
101

97
98

103
101

101
101

100
100

103
102
119

100
99
131

101
103
130

102
102
117

102
99
128

100
101
111

100
100
(G )

100
(G )

100

9G
97
97
99

100
9G
100
103

9G
9G
97
98

101
98
103
10G

99
98
100
101

98
95
98
101

99
97
99
100

98
97
100
100

99
9G
99
100

(6 )
75
(G )
85

Boiler tenders

100

99
99
(G )

Stationary
engineers

100

99
100

T o o l and die
makers

100

98

M achine-tool
operators
(toolroom )

100
98
100
101

100
103
103

100
102

100

M a te ria l m ovem en t and cu stodial occupation being com pa redTruckdrivers
M aterial
Shippers
Light truck

TRUCKDRIVERS. LIGHT TRUCK..........
TRUCKDRIVERS. MEDIUM T R U C K ....
TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK..........
TRUCKDRIVERS. TRACTOR-TRAILER.
SHIPPERS...............................................
RECEIVERS.............................................
SHIPPERS AND RECEIVERS................
WAREHOUSEMEN.......................................
ORDER F IL L E P S ....................................
SHIPPING PACKERS..............................
MATERIAL HANDLING LA B O R E R S ....
FORKLIFT OPERATORS.........................
POWER-TRUCK OPERATORS
(OTHER THAN F O R K L IF T )................
GUARDS. CLASS B................................
JANITORS. PORTERS. AND
CLEANERS.............................................

Medium truck

H eavy truck

Receivers

receivers

Warehousemen

Order fillers

Shipping packers

T ractor-trailer

handling
laborers

Forklift operatois

Power-truck
operators
(other than
fork lift)

Guards, class B

100
( G)
(G )
(6 )
(G )
103
(G )
(G )
(G )
(6 )
(6 )
(G )

100
(G )
97
(G )
100
( G)
10G
(G )
190
ICG
99

100
100
(E )
132
(6 )
(G )
(G )
(G )
129
101

100
125
121
(G )
111
125
138
105
101

100
107
(G )
101
(G )
(G )
109
110

100
(G )
101
101
116
103
97

100
(G )
(G )
(5 )
(G )
(G )

100
102
(G )
10G
99

100
(G )
103
103

100
100
98

100
97

100

( G>
(6 )

( G>
(6 )

(G )
(G )

(G )
(G )

(G )
107

109
(6 )

(G )
(G )

(G )
(G )

105
(G )

(G)
(6 )

100
102

100
98

100
(6 )

100

(G )

123

(G )

155

113

112

(G )

117

111

109

108

10G

(G )

107

Janitors,
porters,
and cleaners

'

100

See fo otn ote at end o f tables.

N O T E : T a b le s A - 8 and A - 9 presen t the a vera g e pay relation sh ip between p a irs of occupations within establish m ents.
F o r exam ple, a value o f 122 indicates that earnings fo r the occupation
d ir e c t ly above in the heading a re 22 percen t g r e a te r than earnings fo r the occupation d ir e c tly to the le ft in the stub. S im ila rly , a value of 85 in dicates earnings fo r the occupation in the heading
a re 15 p ercen t below earn in gs fo r the occupation in the stub.
See appendix A fo r m ethod o f computation.




13

Footnotes

3 Earnings data relate only to w o rk e rs whose sex id en tification was
provid ed by the establishm ent.
4 Excludes prem ium pay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends,
holidays, and late shifts.
’ E stim ates fo r p eriods ending p r io r to 1976 rela te to men o.nly fo r
sk illed maintenance and unskilled plant w o rk e rs . A ll other estim ates relate
to men and women.
6 Data do not m eet publication c r it e r ia o r data not available.

1 Standard hours re fle c t the w orkw eek fo r which em ployees r e c e iv e
th e ir regu la r stra ig h t-tim e sa la ries (ex clu sive o f pay fo r o v e rtim e at
regu la r and/or prem iu m ra te s ), and the earnings correspon d to these
w eekly hours.
2 The mean is computed fo r each job by totaling the earnings o f a ll
w ork ers and dividing by the number o f w o rk e rs .
The m edian designates
position— h alf o f the w o rk ers re c e iv e the same o r m o re and h a lf r e c e iv e
the same o r less than the rate shown. The m iddle range is defined by two
rates of pay: a fourth o f the w o rk ers earn the same o r less than the lo w e r
o f these rates and a fourth earn the sam e o r m o re than the h igh er rate.




14

Appendix A.
Scope and Method
of Survey
In each of the 72 1 areas currently surveyed, the Bureau obtains
wages and related benefits data from representative establishments within
six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communication,
and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance,
and real estate; and services. Government operations and the construction
and extractive industries are excluded. Establishments having fewer than a
prescribed number of workers are also excluded because of insufficient
employment in the occupations studied. Appendix table 1 shows the number
of establishments and workers estimated to be within the scope of this survey,
as well as the number actually studied.
Bureau field representatives obtain data by personal visits at 3 -year
intervals. In each of the two intervening years, information on employment
and occupational earnings only is collected by a combination of personal visit,
mail questionnaire, and telephone interview from establishments participating
in the previous survey.
A sample of the establishments in the scope of the survey is selected
for study prior to each personal visit survey. This sample, less estab­
lishments which go out of business or are no longer within the industrial
scope of the survey, is retained for the following two annual surveys. In
most cases, establishments new to the area are not considered in the scope
of the survey until the selection of a sample for a personal visit survey.
The sampling procedures involve detailed stratification of all estab­
lishments within the scope of an individual area survey by industry and
number of employees. From this stratified universe a probability sample
is selected, with each establishment having a predetermined chance of se­
lection. To obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion
of large than small establishments is selected. When data are combined,
each establishment is weighted according to its probability of selection so
that unbiased estimates are generated. For example, if one out of four
establishments is selected, it is given a weight of 4 to represent itself plus
three others. An alternate of the same original probability is chosen in the
same industry-size classification if data are not available from the original
sample member. If no suitable substitute is available, additional weight is
assigned to a sample member that is similar to the missing unit.
Occupations and earnings
Occupations selected for study are common to a variety of manufac­
turing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the following types: (1)
Office clerical; (2) professional and technical; (3) maintenance, toolroom,

and powerplant; and (4) material movement and custodial. Occupational
classification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to take
account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same job.
Occupations selected for study are listed and described in appendix B.
Unless otherwise indicated, the earnings data following the job
titles are for all industries combined. Earnings data for some of the
occupations listed and described, or for some industry divisions within the
scope of the survey, are not presented in the A-series tables because
either (1) employment in the occupation is too small to provide enough data
to merit presentation, or (2) there is possibility of disclosure of individual
establishment data. Separate men's and women's earnings data are not
presented when the number of workers not identified by sex is 20 percent
or more of the men or women identified in an occupation. Earnings data
not shown separately for industry divisions are included in data for all
industries combined. Likewise, for occupations with more than one level,
data are included in the overall classification when a subclassification is
not shown or information to subclassify is not available.
Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for full-time
workers, i.e., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule. Earnings
data exclude premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays,
and late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living
allowances and incentive bonuses are included. Weekly hours for office
clerical and professional and technical occupations refer to the standard
workweek (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which employees receive
regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular
and/or premium rates). Average weekly earnings for these occupations are
rounded to the nearest half dollar. Vertical lines within the distribution of
workers on some A-tables indicate a change in the size of the class intervals.
These surveys measure the level of occupational earnings in an area
at a particular time. Comparisons of individual occupational averages over
time may not reflect expected wage changes. The averages for individual jobs
are affected by changes in wages and employment patterns. For example,
proportions of workers employed by high- or low-wage firms may change, or
high-wage workers may advance to better jobs and be replaced by new
workers at lower rates. Such shifts in employment could decrease an occu­
pational average even though most establishments in an area increase wages
during the year. Changes in earnings of occupational groups, shown in table
A - 7, are better indicators of wage trends than are earnings changes for
individual jobs within the groups.
Average earnings reflect composite, areawide estimates. Industries
staffing, and thus contribute
averages may fail to reflect
in individual establishments.

1
Included in the 72 areas are 2 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are
and establishments differ in pay level and job
Akron, Ohio and Poughkeepsie—
Kingston-Newburgh, N .Y . In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area
differently to the estimates for each job. Pay
studies in approximately 100 areas at the request of the Employment Standards Administration of the U. S.
accurately the wage differential among jobs

Department of Labor.



A v e ra g e pay le v e ls fo r men and wom en in selected occupations should
not be assum ed to r e fle c t d ifferen ces in pay o f the sexes within individual
establishm ents.
F a cto rs which m ay contribute to d iffe re n c e s include p r o ­
g re s s io n within establish ed rate ranges (on ly the rates paid incumbents are
c o lle c te d ) and p erform a n ce of sp e c ific duties within the gen era l su rvey job
description s.
Job d escrip tion s used to c la s s ify em ployees in these surveys
usually a re m o re g e n e ra lize d than those used in individual establishm ents
and allow fo r m in or d iffe re n c e s among establishm ents in sp e c ific duties
p erform ed .
Occupational em ploym ent estim ates rep resen t the total in a ll estab ­
lishm ents within the scope of the study and not the number actu ally surveyed.
Because occupational structures among establishm ents d iffe r , estim ates of
occupational em ploym ent obtained fro m the sam ple of establishm ents studied
s e rv e only to indicate the r e la tiv e im portan ce of the jobs studied.
Th ese
d ifferen ces in occupational stru ctu re do not a ffe c t m a te r ia lly the a ccu racy of
the earnings data.

P ercen t changes fo r individual areas in the p rogra m a re computed
as fo llo w s:
1. A v e ra g e earnings are computed fo r each occupation fo r
the 2 years being com pared.
The a vera g es are d erived
fro m earnings in those establishm ents which a re in
the su rvey both yea rs; it is assum ed that em ploym ent
rem ains unchanged.
2.

Each occupation is assigned a w eight based on its p r o ­
portionate em ploym ent in the occupational group in the
base year.

3. Th ese weights are used to compute group a vera ges.
Each occupation's a vera ge earnings (com puted in step 1)
is m ultiplied by its weight.
The products a re totaled to
Obtain a group average.

W age trends fo r s elected occupational groups
The p ercen t in crea ses p resen ted in table A -7 a re based on changes
in a vera ge hou rly earnings of m en and wom en in establishm ents rep ortin g the
trend jobs in both the cu rren t and previou s y e a r (m atched establishm ents).
The data a re adjusted to re m o v e the e ffects on a v e ra g e earnings o f em p lo y ­
ment shifts among establishm ents and tu rn over of establishm ents included
in su rvey sam ples.
The percen t in c re a s e s , h ow ever, a re s till a ffected by
fa cto rs other than wage in c re a s e s .
H irin g s, la y o ffs , and tu rn over m ay a ffect
an establishm ent a v e ra g e fo r an occupation when w o rk ers a re paid under plans
providing a range o f w age rates fo r individual jobs.
In p eriods of in crea sed
h irin g, for exam ple, new em p loyees m ay en ter at the bottom of the range,
depressing the a v e ra g e without a change in w age rates.
The p ercen t changes re la te to w age changes betw een the indicated
dates.
When the tim e span betw een surveys is other than 12 months, annual
rates a re also shown. (It is assum ed that w ages in crea se at a constant rate
betw een su rv e y s .)
Occupations used to compute wage trends a re :
O ffice c le r ic a l

E le c tro n ic data p ro c e s s in g —
Continued

S e c re ta rie s
S ten ograph ers, sen ior
S ten ograph ers, gen era l
T y p is ts , cla sses A and B
F ile c le r k s , cla sses A ,
B, and C
M essen gers
Switchboard op erators
O rder c le rk s , cla sses
A and B
Accounting c le rk s ,
cla sses A and B
P a y r o ll clerk s
K ey en try o p era to rs,
cla sses A and B

Com puter op era to rs,
cla s s e s A , B, and C

E lectro n ic data p ro cessin g
Com puter system s analysts,
cla sses A , B, and C
Com puter p ro g ra m m e rs ,
 A , B, and C
cla sses



In du strial nurses
R e g is te re d in du strial
nurses
S k illed m aintenance
C arpen ters
E le c tric ia n s
P a in ters
M achinists
M echanics (m a ch in ery)
M echanics (m o to r v e h ic le )
P ip e fitte r s
T o o l and die m ak ers
U n sk illed plant
Janitors, p o rte rs , and
clea n ers
M a te ria l handling la b o re rs

4.

The ratio of group avera ges fo r 2 consecu tive yea rs is
computed by dividing the a v e ra g e fo r the cu rren t y ea r by
the average fo r the e a r lie r yea r.
The resu lt— exp ressed
as a percent— less 100 is the p ercen t change.

F o r a m ore detailed d escrip tion of the method used to compute these
wage tren ds, see "Im p ro vin g A re a W age S u rvey In d e x e s ," Monthly Lab or
R e v ie w , January 1973, pp. 52-57.
A v e ra g e pay relationships within establishm ents
R ela tive m easures of occupational pay a re p resen ted in table A -8
fo r w h ite -c o lla r occupations and in table A - 9 fo r b lu e -c o lla r occupations.
Th ese re la tiv e values r e fle c t d ifferen ces in pay between occupations within
individual establishm ents.
R ela tive pay values a re computed by dividing an
establishm ent's a vera ge earnings fo r an occupation being com pared by the
a vera g e fo r another occupation (designated as 100) and m u ltiplying the quotient
by 100. F o r exam ple, if janitors in a fir m a v e ra g e $4 an hour and fo r k lift
operators $5, fo r k lift op erators have a r e la tiv e pay value of 125 com pared
with jan itors. ($ 5 -f $4 = 1.25, x 100 = 125.) In com bining the r e la tiv e s of
the individual establishm ents to a r r iv e at an o v e r a ll a v e ra g e , each esta b lish ­
ment is considered to have as many r e la tiv e s as it has w eighted w o rk e rs
in the two jobs being com pared.
P a y relationships based on o v e r a ll a v e ra g e s m ay d iffe r con sid era b ly
because of the va ryin g contribution of h igh- and lo w -w a ge establishm ents to
the a vera g es.
F o r exam ple, the o v e r a ll a v e ra g e hourly earnings fo r fo r k lift
operators m ay be 50 percent m ore than the a v e ra g e fo r jan itors because the
a v e ra g e fo r fo rk lift operators m ay be stron gly influenced by earnings in
h igh-w age establishm ents w hile the a v e ra g e fo r jan itors m ay be stron gly
influenced by earnings in low -w age establishm ents.
In such a ca se, the
in tra-estab lish m en t relationship w ill indicate a much s m a lle r d iffe re n c e
in earnings.
Establishm ent p ractices and supplem entary w age p rovision s
Tabulations on selected establishm ent p ra c tic e s and supplem entary
w age p rovision s (B - s e r ie s tab les) are not p resen ted in this bulletin. In fo rm a ­
tion fo r these tabulations is co llected at 3-y e a r in te rv a ls .
T h ese tabulations
on m inim um entrance sa la ries fo r in exp erien ced o ffic e w o rk e rs ; shift d iffe r ­
en tials; scheduled w eek ly hours and days; paid holidays; paid vacations; and
health, insurance, and pension plans a re presen ted (in the B - s e r ie s ta b le s )
in previou s bulletins fo r this area.

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied,
Toledo, Ohio—Mich.,1 May 1979
In du stry d ivis ion 2

»L L

M inim um
em ploym en t
in esta b lish m ents in scope
o f study

I NO USTRY D I V I S I O N S ------------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------------------t r a n s p o r t a t i o n . COMMUNICATION. AND
OTHER PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5 ---------------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE 6 ----------------------------------------------RETAIL TRADE6 ----------------------------------- ----------------F IN AN C E. INSURANCE. AND REAL ESTAT E6 ----------SERVICES6 7-------------------------------------------------------------------------

W ithin scope o f study 4
W ithin scope
o f study 5

Studied

Studied
Num ber

P e rcen t

522

141

13 2 .8 2 8

100

8 2. 1 8 2

50
“

211
311

53
88

75.735
5 7 .0 9 3

57
43

4 9. 0 3 8
3 3. 14 4

50
50
50
50
50

46
70
119
24
52

20
13
26
8
21

1 4 .9 03
6.888
2 3 .3 7 0
5 .1 6 4
6 .7 6 8

11
5
18
4
5

1 1. 97 4
1.8 8 4
1 2. 5 06
3.0 5 8
3.7 2 2

1 Th e T o le d o Standard M etropolita n S ta tistica l A re a , as defined by the O ffic e
o f M anagem ent and Budget through F e b ru a ry 1974, consists o f Fulton, Lu ca s, Ottawa,
and W ood Counties, Ohio; and M onroe County, Mich.
The " w o r k e r s w ithin scope
o f study" estim a tes p rovid e a reason ably a ccu rate d e s crip tio n o f the s iz e and
co m p o sitio n o f the la b o r fo r c e included in the su rvey. E stim ates a re not intended,
h o w e v e r, fo r co m p a rison with other sta tistica l s e r ie s to m easu re em ploym ent trends
o r le v e ls sin ce (1 ) planning o f w age su rveys requ ires establish m ent data co m p iled
c o n s id e ra b ly in advance of the p a y ro ll p eriod studied, and (2) s m a ll establish m ents
a r e exclu ded fr o m the scope of the survey.
2 Th e 1972 ed itio n o f the Standard Indu strial C la s s ific a tio n Manual was used
in c la s s ify in g establish m ents by industry division . A ll govern m en t operations a re
exclu ded fr o m the scope o f the survey.
3 Includes a ll establish m ents with total em ploym ent at o r above the m inim u m
lim ita tio n .
A l l outlets (w ithin the a re a ) o f companies in in du stries such as tra d e,




W o rk ers in establishm ents

Nu m ber o f establishm ents

fin ance, auto re p a ir s e r v ic e , and m otion p ictu re th eaters a re co n sid ered as one
establishm ent.
4 Includes a ll w o rk e rs in a ll establish m ents with tota l em ploym ent (w ithin
the a re a ) at o r above the m in im u m lim ita tion .
5 A b b revia ted to "p u b lic u tilitie s " in the A - s e r ie s ta b les.
T a xicabs and
s e r v ic e s in ciden tal to w a ter tra n sp o rta tio n a re excluded.
Th e public tran sportation
system is m u n icipa lly owned and o p era ted and excluded fr o m the scope o f the su rvey.
6 Separate data fo r this d ivis io n a re not presen ted in the A - and B -s e r ie s
ta b les, but the d ivis io n is re p res en ted in the " a l l in d u stries" and "nonm anufacturing"
estim ates.
7 H otels and m o te ls ; lau ndries and other p erso n a l s e r v ic e s ; business s e r v ic e s ;
autom obile re p a ir , ren ta l, and parking; m otion p ictu res; n on profit m em bersh ip
organ izations (exclu ding re lig io u s and ch a rita b le o rga n iza tio n s ); and en gin eering and
a rc h itectu ra l s e r v ic e s .

17




Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
The p rim a r y purpose of preparing job descriptions fo r the Bu­
re a u 's w age su rveys is to a ssist its fie ld rep resen ta tives in cla ssifyin g
into appropriate occupations w o rk ers who are em ployed under a v a rie ty
o f p a y ro ll title s and d ifferen t w ork arrangem ents fro m establishm ent to
establishm ent and fr o m a re a to area. This perm its grouping occupational
w age ra tes re p resen tin g com parable job content. Because o f this e m ­
phasis on in terestab lish m en t and in te ra re a com parability o f occupational
content, the B u reau 's job d escription s may d iffe r sign ifican tly fro m those
in use in in dividu al establishm ents or those prepared for other purposes.
In applying th ese job d escrip tio n s, the Bureau's fie ld rep resen ta tives
a re in stru cted to exclude w orking su p ervisors; apprentices; and p arttim e , te m p o ra ry , and p robation ary w o rk e rs . Handicapped w o rk ers whose
earnings a re redu ced because o f th eir handicap are also excluded.
L e a r n e r s , b eg in n ers, and tra in e e s , unless s p e c ific a lly included in the
job d e s c rip tio n s , are excluded.

O ffice
SECRETARY

S E CR E T A R Y — Continue d

A s s ig n e d as a p erso n a l s e c re ta ry , n orm ally to one individual. M ain­
tains a clo se and h igh ly resp o n sive relationship to the d ay-to-d ay a ctivities o f
the s u p e rv is o r. W orks fa ir ly independently receivin g a m inim um o f detailed
su p ervision and guidance. P e r fo r m s va rie d c le r ic a l and s e c r e ta r ia l duties
req u irin g a know ledge o f o ffic e routine and understanding o f the organ ization ,
p ro g ra m s , and p roced u res re la te d to the w ork o f the su p erviso r.

E xclusions— Continued
e. P osition s which do not fit any o f the situations listed in the
sections below title d " L e v e l o f S u p e r v is o r ," e .g , secreta ry to the
president o f a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 5,000 persons;
f.

E x clu sio n s. Not a ll positions that are title d " s e c r e t a r y " possess the
above c h a ra c te ris tic s . E xam ples o f positions which are excluded fro m the
defin ition a re as fo llo w s :
a. P o s itio n s which do not m eet the "p e rs o n a l" s e c re ta ry concept
d escrib ed above;
b. S tenographers not fu lly trained in s e c re ta ria l-ty p e duties;
c. Stenographers se rv in g as o ffic e assistants to a group o f p r o ­
fe s s io n a l, tech n ica l, or m an agerial persons;
d.

A s s is t ant-type positions which entail m ore d ifficu lt or m o re
resp o n sib le tech n ica l, ad m in istrative, o r su p erviso ry duties
which are not ty p ic a l o f s e c re ta ria l w ork, e .g .. A d m in istrative
A ssista n t, o r E xecu tive Assistant:




T ra in e e s .

C la ssifica tio n by L e v e l
S e c re ta ry jobs which m eet the req u ired ch a ra cteristics are matched
at one o f fiv e le v e ls according to (a ) the le v e l o f the s e c re ta ry 's su pervisor
within the com pany's organ ization al structure and, (b) the le v e l o f the
s e c re ta r y 's resp o n sib ility. The tabulation follow in g the explanations o f these
two fa cto rs indicates the le v e l o f the s e c re ta ry fo r each combination o f
the fa c to rs .
L e v e l o f S e c re ta ry 's S u pervisor (L S )
LS—1

a. S e c re ta ry to the su p ervisor or head o f a sm all organizational
unit (e .g ., few er than about 25 or 30 person s); or

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

C la ssifica tio n by Level-— Continued

C la s s ific a tio n by L e v e l— Continued

b. S e c re ta ry to a n on su p ervisory staff sp ecia list, p ro fessio n a l
em p loyee, ad m in istrative o ffic e r o r assistant, sk illed technician
o r exp ert. (N O T E : M a n y com panies assign stenographers,
rath er than s e c r e ta r ie s as d escrib ed above, to this le v e l of
su p e rv is o ry or nonsu pervisory w o rk e r.)
LS-2

a. S e c re ta ry to an execu tive o r m an agerial person whose respon ­
s ib ility is not equivalent to one of the s p e c ific le v e l situations in
the defin ition fo r L S -3 , but whose organ ization al unit n orm ally
numbers at le a s t s e v e ra l dozen em ployees and is usually divided
into o rga n iza tion a l segm ents which are often, in turn, fu rth er
subdivided. In som e com panies, this le v e l includes a wide range
o f o rgan ization al echelons; in others, only one or two; or

L e v e l of S e c re ta ry 's R espon sibility (L R )
This fa ctor evaluates the nature o f the w ork relation sh ip between
the s e c re ta ry and the supervisor, and the extent to which the s e c re ta ry
is expected to e x e rc is e in itiative and judgment.
S e c re ta rie s should be
m atched at LR—1 or LR—2 describ ed below accordin g to th eir le v e l of
resp on sib ility.

b. S e c re ta ry to the head of an individual plant, fa cto ry , etc., (o r
ocher equivalent le v e l o f o ffic ia l) that em ploys, in all, fe w e r
than 5,000 person s.
LS-3

positions. V ice presidents whose p rim a ry re s p o n s ib ility is to act p erso n a lly
on individual cases or transactions (e .g ., approve or deny individual loan
o r c re d it actions; adm inister individual tru st accounts; d ir e c tly su p ervise a
c le r ic a l staff) a re not considered to be "c o r p o r a te o ffic e r s " fo r purposes
o f applying the definition.

LR —1. P e rfo rm s varied s e c r e ta r ia l duties including or com parable
to m ost of the follow in g:

a. S e c re ta ry to the chairm an of the board or presid en t o f a company
that em ploys, in all, fe w e r than 100 person s; or
b.

S e c re ta ry to a co rp o ra te o ffic e r (oth er than chairm an o f the
board o r p resid en t) o f a company that em ploys, in all, o v e r 100
but fe w e r than 5,000 person s; or

a. A nsw ers telephones,
coming m ail.

c.

S e c re ta ry to the head (im m e d ia te ly below the o ffic e r le v e l) o v e r
eith er a m a jo r co rp ora tew id e functional a ctivity (e .g ., m arketin g,
re s e a rc h , operation s, industrial rela tion s, etc.) or a m a jo r
geograph ic o r organ ization al segm ent (e .g ., a region al headquar­
te rs ; a m a jo r d ivisio n ) o f a company that em ploys, in all, o v e r
5,000 but fe w e r than 25,000 em p loyees; o r

b. A n sw ers telephone requests which have standard answ ers.
rep ly to requests by sending a fo r m le tte r.

p erson a l c a lle r s ,

and opens

in ­

M ay

c.

Maintains su p ervisor' s calendar
instructed.

e.

S e c re ta ry to the head of a la r g e and im portant organ ization al
segm ent (e .g ., a m id d le m anagem ent su p erviso r o f an org a n i­
zational segm ent often involving as m any as severed hundred
p erson s) o f a com pany that em ploys, in all, o v e r 25,000 person s.

R eview s correspondence, m em oranda, and rep o rts p rep a red by
others fo r the su p erviso r' s signature to ensure p roced u ral and
typographical accuracy.

d.

d. S e c re ta ry to the head o f an individual plant, fa cto ry , etc., (o r
other equivalent le v e l of o ffic ia l) that em ploys, in all, o v e r
5, 000 p erson s; or
e.

g re e ts

Types, takes and tra n scrib es dictation, and file s .

and

m akes

appointments as

a. S e c re ta ry to the chairm an of the board o f p resid en t o f a company
that em ploys, in all, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5,000 persons; or
b.

S e c re ta ry to a c o rp o ra te o ffic e r (oth er than the chairm an o f the
board o r p resid en t) o f a company that em ploys, in all, o v e r 5, 000
but fe w e r than 25,000 persons; or

a.

c.

LS -4

LR —2. P e rfo rm s duties d escrib ed under L R —1 and, in addition
p erform s tasks requ irin g g re a te r judgm ent, in itia tiv e , and know l­
edge of o ffice functions including or com parable to m ost o f the
follow ing:

S e c re ta ry to the head, im m ed ia tely below the corp ora te o ffic e r
le v e l, o f a m a jo r segm ent or su bsidiary o f a company that
em ploys, in all, o v e r 25,000 p erson s.

b. Answ ers requests which re q u ire a detailed knowledge o f o f ­
fic e procedures or c o lle c tio n o f in form ation fro m file s or
other o ffices.
May sign routine corresp on d en ce in own or
s u p e rv is o r's name.

N O T E : The term "c o rp o ra te o ffic e r " used in the above LS definition
r e fe rs to those o ffic ia ls who have a sign ifican t co rp ora tew id e policym aking
ro le with rega rd to m a jo r com pany a c tiv itie s . The title "v ic e p residen t, "
though n orm a lly in dicative o f this ro le , does not in all cases identify such




c.

20

Screens
can be
offices.

telephone and p erso n a l c a lle r s , determ ining which
handled by the su p e rv is o r' s subordinates or other

C om piles or assists in com pilin g p erio d ic rep o rts on the basis
o f gen era l instructions.

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued
d.

STE N O G R A PH E R — Continued

Schedules ten ta tive appointments without p r io r clearan ce. A s sem b les n e c e s s a ry background m a te ria l fo r scheduled m eetings.
M akes arran gem en ts fo r m eetings and con feren ces.

Stenographer, G en era l. Dictation in volves a n orm al routine vocabulary. May
m aintain file s , keep sim ple reco rd s, or p e rfo rm other re la tiv e ly routine
c le r ic a l tasks.

e. E xplains s u p e r v is o r 's requ irem en ts to other em ployees in su p er­
v is o r ' s unit. (A ls o types, takes dictation, and file s .)

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E T Y P IS T
P r im a r y duty is to type copy of v o ic e record ed dictation which does
not in volve v a rie d technical o r sp ecia lized vocabu lary such as that used in
le g a l b rie fs or rep orts on scien tific resea rch . M ay also type fro m w ritten
copy. M ay m aintain file s , keep sim ple reco rd s, or p e rfo rm other re la tiv e ly
routine c le r ic a l tasks.
(See Stenographer definition fo r w orkers involved
w ith shorthand dictation.)

Th e fo llo w in g tabulation shows the le v e l of the s e c re ta ry fo r each
LS and L R com bination.
L e v e l o f s e c r e ta r y ' s
______s u p e rv is o r______

L e v e l of s e c re ta ry ' s resp o n sib ility
T Y P IS T
LR—1
Class
Class
Class
Class

LS—1___________________________________
LS— ___________________________________
2

E
D
C
B

LR—2
C lass
C lass
Class
Class

Uses a ty p e w rite r to make copies o f variou s m a teria ls or to make
out b ills a fte r calculations have been made by another person. May include
typing of sten cils, m ats, or s im ila r m a te ria ls fo r use in duplicating
p ro c e s s e s .
M ay do c le r ic a l w ork in volvin g little sp ecia l training, such
as keeping sim p le reco rd s, filin g reco rd s and rep orts, or sorting and
distributing incom ing m ail.

D
C
B
A

STENO G RAPH ER

C lass A . P e r fo r m s one or m ore o f the fo llo w in g : Typing m aterial
in fin a l fo rm when it in volves com bining m a te ria l fro m se v e ra l sources;
or resp o n sib ility fo r c o r r e c t spelling, syllabication, punctuation, etc., of
tech n ical or unusual words or fo re ig n language m a te ria l; or planning la y ­
out and typing o f com plicated s ta tistica l tables to maintain uniform ity and
balance in spacing. M ay type routine fo rm le tte rs , varyin g details to suit
circu m stances.

P r im a r y duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to tr a n ­
s c rib e the dictation. M ay also type fro m w ritten copy. M ay operate fro m a
sten ograph ic pool. M ay o cca sio n a lly tra n scrib e fro m vo ice reco rd in g s (if
p r im a r y duty is tra n s c rib in g fro m reco rd in gs, see T ra n scrib in g-M a ch in e
T y p is t).

C lass B. P e r fo r m s one or m o re o f the fo llo w in g : Copy typing fro m
rough or c le a r d ra fts; o r routine typing o f fo rm s , insurance p olicies, etc.;
o r setting up sim ple standard tabulations; or copying m ore com plex tables
a lrea d y set up and spaced p rop erly.

N O T E : T h is job is distinguished fro m that o f a s e c re ta ry in that a
s e c r e ta r y n o rm a lly w ork s in a confidential relationship with only one m an ­
a g e r or execu tive and p e rfo rm s m o re responsible and d is c re tio n a ry tasks
as d e s c rib e d in the s e c r e ta r y job definition.

F IL E C L E R K
Stenographer, S en io r. D ictation in volves a va rie d technical or sp e c ia lize d
voca b u la ry such as in le g a l b rie fs or rep orts on scien tific resea rch . M ay
a lso set up and m aintain file s , keep rec o rd s , etc.

F ile s , c la s s ifie s , and re tr ie v e s m a te ria l in an established filin g
system . M ay p e r fo r m c le r ic a l and manual tasks req u ired to maintain file s .
P o sitio n s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the basis of the follow ing definitions.

OR

C lass A . C la s s ifie s and indexes file m a te ria l such as co rresp on d ­
ence, rep orts, tech n ical documents, etc., in an established filin g system
containing a number of v a rie d
subject m atter file s .
M ay also file this
m a teria l. M ay keep reco rd s of variou s types in conjunction with the file s .
M ay lead a sm a ll group o f lo w e r le v e l file clerk s.

P e r fo r m s sten ograph ic duties requ irin g sign ifican tly g re a te r in d e­
pendence and re s p o n s ib ility than stenographer, gen eral, as evidenced by the
fo llo w in g : W ork re q u ire s a high d e g ree o f stenographic speed and accu racy;
a through w ork in g know ledge o f g en era l business and o ffic e p roced u re; and
o f the s p e c ific business operation s, organization, p o licies, p roced u res, file s ,
w o rk flo w , etc.
Uses this knowledge in perform in g stenographic duties and
resp o n sib le c le r ic a l tasks such as maintaining followup file s ; assem bling
m a te ria l fo r re p o rts , m em oranda, and le tte rs ; com posing sim p le le tte rs
fr o m g e n e ra l in stru ction s; reading and routing incom ing m a il; and answ ering
routine questions, etc.




C lass B . Sorts, codes, and file s u n classified m a teria l by sim ple
(su b ject m atter) headings o r p a rtly c la s s ifie d m a te ria l by fin er subheadings.
P re p a re s sim p le rela ted index and c r o s s -r e fe r e n c e aids. As requested,
locates c le a r ly iden tified m a te ria l in file s and forw a rd s m aterial. May
p e r fo r m rela ted c le r ic a l tasks req u ired to m aintain and s e rv ic e file s .

21

F IL E C LE R K — Continued

ORDER C LE R K — Continued

C lass C . P e r fo r m s routine filin g o f m a te ria l that has alread y been
cla s s ifie d o r which is e a s ily c la s s ifie d in a sim ple s e r ia l cla s s ific a tio n
system (e .g ., alphabetical, chron ologic ad, or n u m erica l). As requested,
locates re a d ily availab le m a te ria l in file s and fo rw a rd s m a te ria l; and m ay
f ill out w ithdraw al ch arge. M ay p e rfo rm sim ple c le r ic a l and manual tasks
requ ired to m aintain and s e r v ic e file s .

Position s
definitions:

are

c la s s ifie d

into

le v e ls

according

to

the

follow in g

MESSENGER

C lass A . Handles ord ers that in volve m aking judgments such as
choosing which sp ecific product o r m a te r ia l fro m the establishm ent's product
lines w ill satisfy the cu stom er's needs, o r determ in in g the p ric e to be quoted
when p ricin g involves m ore than m e r e ly r e fe r r in g to a p ric e lis t o r making
som e sim ple m athem atical calculations.

P e r fo r m s variou s routine duties such as running erran ds, operating
m in or o ffic e m achines such as se a le rs o r m a ile r s , opening and distributing
m a il, and other m in or c le r ic a l w ork . Exclude positions that req u ire
operation o f a m otor veh icle as a sign ifican t duty.

C lass B . Handles o rd ers in volvin g item s which have re a d ily iden ­
tifie d uses and applications. M ay r e fe r to a catalog, m an u factu rer's manual,
o r s im ila r document to insure that p ro p e r item is supplied o r to v e r ify
p ric e o f ord ered item .

SW ITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R
O perates a telephone switchboard o r console used with a p riva te
branch exchange (P B X ) system to re la y incom ing, outgoing, and in trasystem
ca lls . M ay p ro vid e in form ation to c a lle r s , re c o rd and tran sm it m essa g es,
keep re c o rd o f ca lls placed and to ll ch arges. B esid es operating a telephone
switchboard o r console, m ay also type o r p e rfo rm routine c le r ic a l w ork
(typing or routine c le r ic a l w ork m ay occupy the m a jo r portion of the w o rk e r's
tim e, and is usually p erfo rm e d w hile at the switchboard o r con so le). C h ief
o r lead o p era to rs in establishm ents em ploying m o re than one o p era to r are
excluded. F o r an o p era to r who also acts as a recep tion ist, see Switchboard
O p e ra to r-R ecep tio n ist.
SW ITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
A t a s in g le-p o sitio n telephone switchboard o r console, acts both as
an operator— see Switchboard O perator— and as a recep tio n ist. R ecep ­
tio n ist's w ork in volves such duties as greetin g v is ito r s ; d eterm in in g nature
o f v is ito r 's business and providin g appropriate in form ation; r e fe r r in g v is ito r
to appropriate person in the organ ization o r contacting that person by te le ­
phone and arran gin g an appointment; keeping a log o f v is ito rs .
ORDER C L E R K
R e c e iv e s w ritten o r ve rb a l cu stom ers' purchase o rd e rs fo r m a te ria l
o r m erchandise fro m cu stom ers o r sales people. W ork ty p ic a lly in volves
some com bination o f the follow in g duties; Quoting p ric e s ; determ ining
a va ila b ility o f o rd e re d item s and suggesting substitutes when n ecessary;
advising expected d e liv e r y date and method of d e liv e r y ; reco rd in g o rd e r and
custom er in form ation on o rd e r sheets; checking o rd e r sheets fo r accuracy
and adequacy o f in form ation record ed ; ascertaining c re d it rating o f custom er;
furnishing cu stom er with acknowledgem ent of re c e ip t o f o rd e r; fo llo w in g up
to see that o rd e r is d e liv e re d by the sp ecified date o r to le t cu stom er know
o f a delay in d e liv e r y ; m aintaining o rd e r file ; checking shipping invoice
against o rig in a l o rd e r.
Exclude w o rk e rs paid on a com m ission basis o r whose duties in­
clude any o f the fo llo w in g ; R ec e iv in g o rd e rs fo r s e r v ic e s rath er than fo r
m a te ria l o r m erch an d ise; providin g cu stom ers with consultative advice using
knowledge gained fro m en gin eerin g o r exten sive technical training; empha­
sizin g sellin g sk ills ; handling m a te ria l o r m erchandise as an in teg ra l part
of the job.




A C C O U N TIN G C LE R K
P e rfo rm s one or m o re accounting c le r ic a l tasks such as posting to
r e g is te rs and led gers; recon cilin g bank accounts; v e rify in g the internal con­
sistency, com pleteness, and m athem atical accu racy o f accounting documents;
assigning p rescrib ed accounting distribu tion codes; exam ining and v e rify in g
fo r c le r ic a l accuracy various types o f re p o rts , lis ts , calcu lations, posting,
etc.; o r preparing sim ple o r assisting in prep arin g m o re com plicated journal
vouchers. May work in either a manual o r automated accounting system .
The w ork requ ires a knowledge o f c le r ic a l methods and o ffic e p ra c­
tices and procedures which relates to the c le r ic a l p ro cessin g and record in g
o f transactions and accounting in form ation . With ex p erien ce, the w o rk er
ty p ic a lly becom es fa m ilia r with the bookkeeping and accounting term s and
procedu res used in the assigned w ork, but is not req u ired to have a knowledge
o f the fo rm a l principles of bookkeeping and accounting.
Position s are cla s s ifie d
definitions;

into le v e ls on the basis o f the following-

C lass A . Under gen eral su p ervision , p e rfo rm s accounting c le r ic a l
operations which req u ire the application of ex p erien ce and judgm ent, fo r
exam ple, c le r ic a lly processin g com plicated o r n on repetitive accounting
transactions, selecting among a substantial v a rie ty o f p re s c rib e d accounting
codes and cla ssifica tion s, or tracin g tran saction s through previou s ac­
counting actions to d eterm ine source o f d is crep a n cies. M ay be assisted by
one o r m o re class B accounting c le rk s .
C lass B . Under close su pervision , fo llow in g d etailed instructions
and standardized p rocedu res, p erfo rm s one o r m o re routine accounting c le r ­
ic a l operations, such as posting to le d g e r s , card s, o r w orksh eets w h ere
iden tification of item s and locations o f postings are c le a r ly indicated;
checking accuracy and com pleteness o f standardized and re p e titiv e record s
o r accounting documents; and coding documents using a few p re s c rib e d
accounting codes.
B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O perates a bookkeeping m achine (with o r without a ty p e w rite r k ey­
board) to keep a re c o rd of business tran saction s.
C lass A . K eeps a set o f re c o rd s req u irin g a knowledge o f and
exp erien ce in basic bookkeeping p rin cip les, and fa m ilia r ity with the structure
o f the particu lar accounting system used. D eterm in es p rop er re c o rd s and
distribution o f debit and c re d it item s to be used in each phase o f the w ork.
M ay p rep a re consolidated rep orts, balance sheets, and other reco rd s by hand.

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R — Continued

K E Y E N T R Y O P E R A T O R — Continued

C lass B.
K eeps a r e c o r d of one or m o re phases or sections o f a
set of re c o rd s u su ally req u irin g little knowledge of basic bookkeeping.
Phases or section s include accounts payable, p a yroll, cu sto m ers' accounts
(not including a sim p le type of b illin g d escribed under m achine b ille r ), cost
distrib u tion , expense d istribu tion , in ven tory control, etc.
M ay check or
a s s is t in p rep a ra tion of t r ia l balances and prep are con trol sheets fo r the
accounting departm ent.

N O T E : Excluded a re op erators above class A using the key entry
con trols to a ccess, read, and evaluate the substance of sp ecific records to
take substantive actions, or to make en tries requ irin g a s im ila r le v e l of
knowledge.

M A C H IN E B IL L E R
P re p a re s statem ents, b ills , and in voices on a m achine other than
an o rd in a ry o r e le c tro m a tic ty p e w rite r. M ay also keep re c o rd s as to billin gs
o r shipping ch arges or p e r fo r m other c le r ic a l w ork incidental to billin g
operation s.
F o r w age study purposes, machine b ille rs a re c la s s ifie d by
type o f m achine, as fo llo w s :
B illin g -m a c h in e b ille r . Uses a sp ecial billing m achine (com bination
typing and adding m achine) to p rep a re b ills and invoices fro m cu stom ers'
purchase o r d e r s , in te rn a lly p rep ared o rd ers, shipping m em oranda, etc.
U su ally in vo lves ap p lication o f p redeterm in ed discounts and shipping charges
and en try o f n e c e s s a ry extensions, which m ay or may not be computed on
the b illin g m achine, and totals which a re autom atically accum ulated by
m achine.
Th e op eration usually in volves a la rg e number of, carbon copies
o f the b ill being p rep a red and is often done on a fanfold machine.
B ookkeepin g-m ach in e b i l l e r . Uses a bookkeeping machine (with or
without a ty p e w rite r keyboard) to prep are cu stom ers' b ills as part of the
accounts r e c e iv a b le operation.
G en era lly in volves the simultaneous entry
of f i g u r e s on cu sto m ers' le d g e r record.
The machine au tom atically
accum ulates fig u re s on a number of v e r tic a l columns and computes and
usually prints a u tom a tica lly the debit or c re d it balances. Does not in volve a
knowledge o f bookkeeping. W orks fro m u niform and standard types of sales
and c r e d it slips.

Class B . W ork is routine and rep etitive. Under close supervision
or follow in g sp ecific procedu res or detailed instructions, works fro m
variou s standardized source documents which have been coded and requ ire
little or no selectin g, coding, or in terp retin g of data to be entered. R efe rs
to su p erviso r problem s a risin g fro m erroneous item s, codes, or m issing
inform ation.

Professional and Technical
C O M P U T E R SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS
A n alyzes business problem s to form u late procedures fo r solving
them by use of electro n ic data processin g equipment. Develops a com plete
d escrip tion of a ll specification s needed to enable p rogram m ers to prepare
requ ired d igital com puter p rogram s. W ork in volves m ost of the follow ing:
A n a lyzes su b ject-m atter operations to be automated and iden tifies conditions
and c r ite r ia requ ired to achieve sa tisfa cto ry resu lts; sp ecifies number and
types of re c o rd s , file s , and documents to be used; outlines actions to be
p erfo rm e d by personnel and com puters in su fficien t detail fo r presentation
to m anagement and fo r program m ing (ty p ic a lly this in volves preparation of
w ork and data flo w ch arts); coordinates the developm ent of test problem s and
participates in t r ia l runs of new and re v is e d system s; and recom m ends
equipment changes to obtain m o re e ffe c tiv e o v e r a ll operations. (N O TE :
W ork ers p erfo rm in g both system s analysis and program m ing should be c la s ­
sified as system s analysts if this is the sk ill used to determ ine th eir pay.)
Does not include em ployees p rim a rily responsible fo r the m anage­
ment or su pervision of other e lectro n ic data processin g em ployees, or s y s ­
tem s analysts p rim a r ily concerned with scien tific or engineering problem s.

P A Y R O LL CLERK
P e r fo r m s the c le r ic a l tasks n ecessa ry to p rocess p a yrolls and to
m aintain p a y ro ll re c o rd s . W ork in volves m ost of the follow in g: P ro c e s s in g
w o r k e r s ' tim e or production re c o rd s ; adjusting w o rk e rs ' reco rd s fo r changes
in w age ra te s , supplem entary b en efits, or tax deductions; editing p a y ro ll
lis tin g s against sou rce re c o rd s ; tracin g and correctin g e r r o r s in lis tin g s ;
and a ssistin g in p rep a ra tio n o f p erio d ic sum m ary p a yro ll rep orts. In a nonautom ated p a y ro ll system , computes w ages. W ork m ay req u ire a p ra ctica l
knowledge o f govern m en ta l regu lation s, company p a y ro ll p olicy, or the
com puter system fo r p ro c e s s in g p ayrolls.

For

wage

study

purposes,

system s

analysts

are

cla s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :

O perates k ey b o a rd -co n tro lled data entry d evice such as keypunch
m achine or k e y -o p e ra te d m agnetic tape or disk encoder to tra n scrib e
data into a fo r m suitable fo r com puter p rocessin g. W ork req u ires s k ill in
operatin g an alphanum eric keyboard and an understanding o f tran scrib in g
p roced u res and re le v a n t data en try equipment.

Class A . W orks independently or under only gen eral d irection on
com plex problem s in volvin g a ll phases of system s analysis.
Prob lem s are
com plex because o f d iv e rs e sources of input data and m u ltiple-u se re q u ire ­
ments of output data.
(F o r exam ple, develops an integrated production
scheduling, in ven tory con trol, cost a n alysis, and sales analysis re c o rd in
which e v e r y item of each type is au tom atically p rocessed through the full
system o f reco rd s and appropriate followup actions a re initiated by the
com pu ter.) C onfers with persons concerned to determ ine the data processing
problem s and ad vises su b ject-m atter personnel on the im plications of new
or re v is e d system s of data processin g operations. Makes recom m endations,
if needed, fo r approval of m a jor system s installations or changes and fo r
obtaining equipment.

P o sition s
d e fin itio n s :

c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the basis o f the follow in g

M ay p rovide functional d irectio n to lo w e r le v e l system s analysts
who a re assigned to assist.

Class A . W orks re q u ire s the application o f exp erien ce and judgm ent
in selectin g p roced u res to be fo llo w ed and in searching fo r , in terp retin g,
sele c tin g , o r coding item s to be entered fro m a v a rie ty o f source documents.
On occa sion m ay a lso p e r fo r m routine w ork as described fo r class B.

C lass B.
W orks independently or under only gen eral direction on
problem s that a re re la tiv e ly uncom plicated to analyze, plan, program , and
operate. P ro b lem s a re of lim ited com p lexity because sources of input data
a re homogeneous and the output data a re c lo s e ly related. (F o r exam ple,

KEY EN TRY O PERATO R

a re




23

C O M PU TE R SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS— Continued
develops system s fo r m aintaining depositor accounts in a bank, maintaining
accounts rec e iv a b le in a re ta il establishm ent, o r m aintaining inventory
accounts in a m anufacturing o r w h olesale establishm ent.) C onfers with p e r­
sons concerned to determ in e the data p ro cessin g problem s and advises
su bject-m atter personnel on the im plications of the data processin g system s
to be applied.
OR
W orks on a segm ent o f a com plex data p rocessin g scheme or
system , as d escrib ed fo r class A . W orks independently on routine assign­
ments and re c e iv e s instruction and guidance on com plex assignm ents. W ork
is review ed fo r accuracy of judgment, com pliance with instructions, and to
insure p rop er alignm ent with the o v e r a ll system .
Class C . W orks under im m ediate supervision, ca rry in g out analy­
ses as assigned, usually o f a single a ctivity. Assignm ents are designed to
develop and expand p ra c tic a l exp erien ce in the application of procedu res and
skills requ ired fo r system s analysis w ork. F o r exam ple, m ay a ssist a higher
le v e l system s analyst by prep arin g the detailed sp ecification s requ ired by
p ro gra m m ers from in form ation developed by the higher le v e l analyst.
C O M PU TE R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS
C on verts statem ents o f business p rob lem s, typ ica lly prepared by a
system s analyst, into a sequence of detailed instructions which are requ ired
to solve the problem s by automatic data processin g equipment. W orking from
charts o r d iagram s, the p ro g ra m m e r develops the p re c is e instructions which,
when entered into the com puter system in coded language, cause the manipu­
lation of data to achieve d esired resu lts. W ork in volves m ost o f the
fo llo w in g : A p p lies knowledge o f com puter ca p a b ilities, m athem atics, lo gic
em ployed by com puters, and p a rticu la r subject m a tter involved to analyze
charts and diagram s o f the problem to be program m ed; develops sequence of
p rogram steps; w rite s detailed flow charts to show o rd e r in which data w ill
be processed ; converts these charts to coded instructions fo r m achine to
fo llo w ; tests and c o rre c ts p ro gra m s; p rep a res instructions fo r operating
personnel during production run; analyzes, re v ie w s , and a lters program s to
in crease operating e ffic ie n c y o r adapt to new requ irem en ts; m aintains r e ­
cords of p rogram developm ent and re v is io n s . (N O T E : W o rk ers p erform in g
both system s analysis and p rogram m in g should be c la s s ifie d as system s
analysts if this is the s k ill used to d eterm in e th eir pay.)
Does not include em ployees p r im a r ily respon sible fo r the m anage­
m ent or su pervision of other e lectro n ic data processin g em ployees, or p ro ­
gra m m ers p r im a r ily concerned with scie n tific and/or engineering p rob lem s.
F o r wage study purposes, p ro g ra m m ers are c la s s ifie d as follow s:
C lass A . W orks independently or under only gen eral d irection on
com plex p roblem s which req u ire com petence in all phases o f program m ing
concepts and p ra c tic e s . W orking from diagram s and charts which identify
the nature of d e s ire d resu lts, m a jo r p rocessin g steps to be accom plished,
and the relationships between various steps of the problem solving routine;
plans the fu ll range of program m in g actions needed to e ffic ie n tly u tilize the
com puter system in achieving d esired end products.




C O M P U T E R PRO G RAM M ER, BUSINESS— Continued
A t this le v e l, program m ing is d iffic u lt because com puter equipment
must be organized to produce s e v e ra l in te rre la te d but d iv e rs e products fro m
numerous and d iverse data elem ents. A wide v a r ie ty and exten sive number
of internal p rocessin g actions must occur.
This req u ires such actions as
developm ent of common operations which can be reused, establishm ent of
linkage points between operations, adjustments to data when p ro gra m r e ­
quirem ents exceed computer storage capacity, and substantial manipulation
and resequencing of data elem ents to fo rm a highly integrated program .
M ay provide functional d irectio n to lo w e r le v e l p ro g ra m m ers who
a re assigned to assist.
Class B. W orks independently or under only gen era l d irectio n on
re la tiv e ly sim ple p rogram s, or on sim ple segm ents of com plex p rogram s.
P ro g ra m s (o r segm ents) usually p ro cess in form ation to produce data in two
or th ree va ried sequences or form ats. R eports and listin gs a re produced by
refin in g, adapting, a rrayin g, or making m in or additions to or deletions fro m
input data which a re rea d ily available.
W hile numerous reco rd s m ay be
p rocessed , the data have been refin ed in p r io r actions so that the accu racy
and sequencing of data can be tested by using a few routine checks.
T y p ic a lly , the p rogram d e a l s with routine recordkeepin g operations.
OR
Works on com plex program s (as d escrib ed fo r class A ) under close
d irection o f a higher le v e l p rogra m m er o r su p ervisor. M ay a s sist higher
le v e l program m er by independently p erfo rm in g le s s d ifficu lt tasks assigned,
and p erform in g m ore difficu lt tasks under fa ir ly clo se d irection .
M ay guide or instruct lo w er le v e l p ro g ra m m ers.
Class C. Makes p ractical applications of p rogram m in g p ractices
and concepts usually learned in fo rm a l training cou rses. Assignm ents are
designed to develop competence in the application of standard procedu res to
routine problem s. R eceives close su p ervision on new aspects of a s s ig n ­
m ents; and work is review ed to v e r ify its a ccu racy and conform ance with
requ ired procedures.
C O M P U T E R O PE R ATO R
In accordance with operating in stru ction s, m onitors and operates
the con trol console of a digital com puter to p ro cess data. Executes runs by
eith er s e r ia l p rocessin g (p rocesses one p ro g ra m at a tim e ) or m u lti­
processin g (processes two or m ore p rogram s sim ultaneously). The follow in g
duties ch a ra cterize the w ork of a com puter op era tor:
- Studies
needed.

operating

- Loads equipment
paper, etc.).

instructions
with

to

req u ired

d eterm in e
item s

equipment

(tapes,

card s,

setup
disks,

- Switches n ecessary a u x illia ry equipment into system .
- Starts and operates com puter.
- Responds to operating and com puter output instructions.
- R eview s e r r o r m essages and makes correctio n s during operation
or re fe rs problem s.
- Maintains operating record .

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — Continued

P E R IP H E R A L E Q U IP M E N T O P E R A T O R — Continued

May te s t-ru n new or m odified program s. May a s s is t in m odifying
system s or p ro g ra m s. The scope of this definition includes train ees w orking
to becom e fu lly q u a lified com puter operators, fu lly qu alified com puter
o p e ra to rs , and lead o p era to rs providing technical assistance to lo w er le v e l
op era tors. It excludes w o rk e rs who m onitor and operate rem ote term in als.
Class A . In addition to w ork assignm ents described fo r a class B
o p era to r (s e e b elow ) the w ork of a class A operator in volves at le a s t one
of the fo llo w in g:
- D eviates fro m standard procedures to avoid the loss of in fo r ­
m ation or to co n serve computer tim e even though the procedures
applied m a te r ia lly a lter the computer unit's production plans.
- T e s ts new p ro g ra m s , applications, and p rocedu res.
- A d v is e s p ro g ra m m e rs
tech n iqu es.

and

subject-m atter

experts

on

setup

- A s s is ts in (1) m aintaining, modifying,- and developing operating
system s o r p ro g ra m s ; ( 2) developing operating instructions and
techniques to co v e r p roblem situations; and/or (3) switching to
e m erg en cy backup p rocedu res (such assistance req u ires a working
know ledge of p ro g ra m language, computer featu res, and softw are
s y s te m s ).
An

o p era to r

at this le v e l typ ica lly guides lo w e r le v e l operators.

C lass B. In addition to established production runs, w ork a ssig n ­
m ents include runs in volvin g new p rogram s, applications, and procedures
(i.e ., situations which re q u ire the operator to adapt to a v a r ie ty of p rob lem s).
A t this le v e l, the o p era to r has the training and experience to w ork fa ir ly
independently in c a rry in g out m ost assignm ents. Assignm ents may req u ire
the o p e ra to r to s e le c t fr o m a v a rie ty of standard setup and operating
p roced u res.
In responding to com puter output instructions or e r r o r con­
dition s, applies standard operating or c o rre c tiv e p roced u res, but may
d eviate fr o m standard p roced u res when standard procedures fa il if deviation
does not m a te ria lly a lte r the com puter unit's production plans. R e fe rs the
p ro b lem or aborts the p ro g ra m when procedures applied d o'n ot provid e a
solution. M ay guide lo w e r le v e l operators.
C lass C. W ork assignm ents a re lim ited to established production
runs (i.e ., p ro gra m s which present few operating prob lem s). A ssignm ents
m ay con sist p r im a r ily of on -th e-job training (som etim es argum ented by
c la s s ro o m in stru ction ). When learning to run p rogram s, the su p erviso r or a
high er le v e l o p era to r p rovid es detailed w ritten or o ra l guidance to the
o p era to r b e fo re and during the run. A fte r the operator has gained exp erien ce
with a p ro g ra m , h o w ever, the operator works fa ir ly independently in
applying standard operatin g or c o r r e c tiv e procedures in responding to
com puter output instructions o r e r r o r conditions, but r e fe r s problem s to a
higher le v e l o p era tor or the su p ervisor when standard procedu res fa il.
P E R IP H E R A L E Q U IP M E N T O P E R A T O R
O perates p e rip h e ra l equipment which d i r e c t l y supports digital
com puter operation s. Such equipment is uniquely and s p e c ific a lly designed
fo r com puter app lication s, but need not be ph ysically or e le c tro n ic a lly
connected to a com puter.
P r in te r s , p lotters, card read/punches, tape
re a d e rs , tape units or d r iv e s , disk units or d riv e s , and data display units
a re exam ples of such equipment.




The follow in g duties ch a ra c te rize the w ork of a p erip h eral equipment
operator:
- Loading prin ters and plotters with c o r r e c t paper; adjusting
controls fo r fo rm s , thickness, tension, printing density, and
location; and unloading hard copy.
- Lab ellin g tape r e e ls , disks, or card decks.
- Checking labels and mounting and dismounting designated tape
re e ls or disks on sp ecified units or d rives.
- Setting controls which regulate operation of the equipment.
- O bserving panel lights fo r
taking appropriate action.

warnings

and e r r o r indications and

- Exam ining tapes, card s, or other m a te ria l fo r cre a s e s , tea rs,
or other defects which could cause p rocessin g problem s.
This c la s s ific a tio n excludes w o rk ers (1) who m onitor and operate a
con trol console (s e e com puter op era to r) or a rem ote term in a l, or ( 2) whose
duties a re lim ited to operating d ec o lla te rs , b u rsters, sep arators, or s im ila r
equipment.
C O M P U T E R D A T A L IB R A R IA N
Maintains lib r a r y of m edia (tapes, disks, cards, cassettes) used
fo r automatic data p rocessin g applications. The follow in g or s im ila r duties
c h a ra cterize the w ork of a com puter data lib ra ria n : C lassifyin g, cataloging,
and storing m edia in accordance with a standardized system ; upon proper
requ ests, relea sin g m edia fo r p rocessin g; maintaining records of releases
and returns; inspecting returned m edia fo r damage or excessive w ear to
determ ine whether or not they need replacing. M ay p e rfo rm m inor rep airs
to damaged tapes.

DRAFTER
C lass A.
Plans the graphic presentation of com plex item s having
d istin ctive design featu res that d iffe r sign ifican tly fr o m established drafting
precedents.
W orks in clo se support with the design origin a tor, and may
recom m end m in or design changes. A n alyzes the e ffe c t of each change on the
details of fo rm , function, and positional relationships of components and
parts. W orks with a m inim um of s u p erviso ry assistance.
Com pleted w ork
is review ed by design o rigin a to r fo r consistency with p rio r engineering
determ inations. M ay eith er p rep a re drawings or d ire c t th eir preparation by
lo w e r le v e l d ra fters.
Class B.
P e rfo rm s nonroutine and com plex drafting assignments
that req u ire the application of m ost of the standardized drawing techniques
re g u la rly used. Duties ty p ic a lly in volve such w ork as: P rep a res working
drawings of subassem blies with ir r e g u la r shapes, m ultiple functions, and
p re c is e positional relationships between components; prepares arch itectu ral
drawings fo r construction of a building including detail drawings of foun­
dations, w all section s, flo o r plans, and roof. Uses accepted form ulas
and manuals in making n ecessa ry computations to determ ine quantities of
m a teria ls to be used, load ca p a cities, strengths, s tre s s e s , etc. R eceives
in itia l instru ctions, req u irem en ts, and advice fro m su pervisor.
Completed
w o rk is checked fo r technical adequacy.

DR A F T ER— C o ntinue d

E L E C T R O N IC S TE C H N IC IA N — Continued

C lass C . P r e p a r e s d etail draw ings of single units o r parts fo r
engineering, construction, m anufacturing, or re p a ir purposes. Types of
drawings p rep ared include is o m e tric projection s (depicting three dim ensions
in accurate sca le; and section al view s to c la r ify positioning o f components
and convey needed in form ation . C onsolidates d etails from a number of
sources and adjusts or transposes sca le as req u ired . Suggested methods of
approach, applicable preceden ts, and advice on source m a te ria ls are given
with initial assignm ents. Instructions are le s s com plete when assignm ents
recu r. W ork m ay be spot-checked during p ro g re s s .

W ork m ay be review ed by s u p erviso r (frequ en tly an engineer or
d esign er) fo r general com pliance with accepted p ra c tic e s . M ay provid e
technical guidance to low er le v e l technicians.

D R A F T E R -T R A C E R

C lass B . Applies com prehensive technical knowledge to solve com ­
plex problem s (i.e ., those that ty p ic a lly can be solved s o le ly by p ro p e rly
in terp retin g m anufacturers' manuals o r s im ila r docum ents) in w orking on
e lectro n ic equipment. W ork involves: A fa m ilia r ity with the in te rre la tio n ­
ships o f circu its; and judgment in d eterm in in g w ork sequence and in selectin g
tools and testing instrum ents, usually le s s com plex than those used by the
class A technician.

C opies
cloth or paper
include tra cin g
la rg e scale not

R ece iv e s technical guidance, as requ ired , fro m su p erviso r o r higher
le v e l technician, and w ork is review ed fo r s p e c ific com pliance with accepted
p ra ctices and w ork assignm ents. M ay p rovid e tech n ical guidance to lo w e r
le v e l technicians.

plans and drawings p rep ared by others by placing tracing
o v e r draw ings and tra cin g with pen o r pen cil. (Does not
lim ite d to plans p r im a r ily consisting o f straight lines and a
requ irin g clo s e d elineation.)
AND/OR

P r e p a r e s sim p le o r re p e titiv e drawings o f e a s ily visu a lized item s.
W ork is c lo s e ly su p ervised during p ro g re s s .
E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N
W orks on various types of e le c tro n ic equipment and related d evices
by p erfo rm in g one o r a com bination of the follow in g: Installing, m aintaining,
rep airin g, overhauling, troubleshooting, m odifyin g, constructing, and testing.
W ork req u ires p ra c tic a l application o f technical knowledge of electron ics
p rin cip les, a b ility to determ in e m alfunctions, and sk ill to put equipment in
requ ired operatin g condition.
The equipment— consisting o f eith er many d iffe re n t kinds of circu its
o r m ultiple rep etition o f the sam e kind o f c irc u it— includes, but is not lim ited
to, the follow in g: (a) E le c tro n ic tran sm ittin g and re c e iv in g equipment (e .g .,
radar, radio, tele v is io n , telephone, sonar, navigational aids), (b) d igita l and
analog com puters, and (c) industrial and m ed ica l m easu rin g and con trollin g
equipment.
T h is c la s s ific a tio n excludes r e p a ire rs o f such standard electro n ic
equipment as com m on o ffic e m achines and household radio and televisio n
sets; production a ssem b lers and te s te rs ; w o rk e rs whose p rim a ry duty is
servicin g e le c tro n ic test instrum ents; technicians who have adm in istrative
o r su p erviso ry resp o n sib ility ; and d ra fte rs , d esign ers, and p rofession a l
en gin eers.
P o sitio n s are c la s s ifie d
definitions.

into

le v e ls on the basis of the follow in g

C lass A . A p p lies advanced technical know ledge to solve unusually
com plex problem s (i.e ., those that ty p ic a lly cannot be solved s o le ly by r e fe r ­
ence to m a n u factu rers' manuals or s im ila r docum ents) in w orking on e le c ­
tron ic equipment. E xam ples of such problem s include location and density of
c irc u itry , electro m a gn etic radiation, isolatin g m alfunctions, and frequent
engineering changes. W ork in volves; A detailed understanding o f the in ter­
relationships o f c irc u its ; e x e rc is in g independent judgm ent in p e rfo rm in g such
tasks as m aking c irc u it analyses, calcu lating w ave fo rm s , tracin g rela tio n ­
ships in sign al flow ; and re g u la rly using com plex test instrum ents (e .g ., dual
tra c e o s c illo s c o p e s , Q -m e te rs , deviation m e te rs , pulse g e n e ra to rs ).




C lass C . A pplies w orking technical knowledge to p e rfo rm sim ple or
routine tasks in w orking on electro n ic equipment, fo llow in g detailed in stru c­
tions which cover virtu a lly all p roced u res. W ork ty p ic a lly in volves such
tasks as: A ssistin g higher le v e l technicians by p erfo rm in g such a c tiv itie s as
replacin g components, w irin g circu its, and taking test readin gs; rep a irin g
sim ple electron ic equipment; and using tools and com m on test instruments
(e .g ., m u ltim eters, audio signal gen era to rs, tube te s te rs , o s c illo s c o p e s ).
Is not requ ired to be fa m ilia r with the in terrelation sh ip s o f c irc u its . This
knowledge, how ever, m ay be acquired through assignm ents designed to
in crea se com petence (including cla ssroom train in g) so that w o rk e r can
advance to higher le v e l technician.
R e c e iv e s technical guidance, as requ ired , fro m s u p erviso r o r higher
le v e l technician. W ork is typ ically spot checked, but is given detailed re v ie w
when new o r advanced assignments are in volved.
R E G IS TE R E D IN D U STR IA L NURSE
A re g is te re d nurse who gives nursing s e r v ic e under gen era l m ed ical
d irectio n to ill or injured em ployees o r other persons who becom e ill or
su ffer an accident on the p rem ises o f a fa c to ry o r other establishm ent.
Duties in vo lve a combination of the fo llo w in g : G ivin g fir s t aid to the ill or
injured; attending to subsequent d ressin g o f em p lo y e e s ' in ju ries; keeping
reco rd s o f patients treated; preparin g accident rep o rts fo r com pensation or
other purposes; assisting in physical exam inations and health evaluations o f
applicants and em ployees; and planning and c a rry in g out p rogra m s involving
health education, accident prevention, evaluation o f plant environm ent, or
other a ctivities affecting the health, w e lfa r e , and safety o f all person n el.
N ursing su pervisors o r head nurses in establishm ents em ploying m o re than
one nurse a re excluded.

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant
M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R
P e r fo r m s the carpen try duties n e c e s s a ry to construct and m aintain
in good re p a ir building woodwork and equipm ent such as bins, cribs, counters,
benches, partition s, doors, flo o rs , s ta irs , casin gs, and trim m ade of wood
in an establishm ent. W ork involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and

M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R — Continued

M A IN T E N A N C E M EC H AN IC (M ach in ery)— Continued

layin g out o f w ork fro m blueprints, drawings, m odels, or verb al instructions;
using a v a rie ty of c a rp en ter's handtools, portable power tools, and standard
m easuring instrum ents; m aking standard shop computations relating to di­
m ensions o f w ork; and selectin g m a teria ls n ecessary fo r the work. In
gen era l, the w ork o f the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training
and exp erien ce usually acquired through a f o r m a l apprenticeship or
equivalent training and exp erien ce.

obtained from stock; o rd erin g the production o f a replacem ent part by a
m achine shop o r sending the m achine to a m achine shop fo r m a jor rep airs;
p reparin g w ritten specification s fo r m a jo r rep a irs or fo r the production of
parts ord ered fro m m achine shops; reassem blin g m achines; and making all
n ecessa ry adjustments fo r operation. In gen eral, the w ork of a m achinery
maintenance m echanic req u ires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship or equivalent training and exp eri­
ence. Excluded from this cla s s ific a tio n are w o rk ers whose p rim ary duties
in volve setting up o r adjusting m achines.

M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R IC IA N
P e r fo r m s a v a rie ty o f e le c tric a l trade functions such as the instal­
lation, m aintenance, o r re p a ir o f equipment fo r the generation, distribution,
o r u tilization o f e le c tr ic en ergy in an establishment. W ork involves m ost
of the fo llo w in g ; Installing o r repairin g any of a va riety of e le c tric a l equipm ent such as g e n e ra to rs , tra n sfo rm ers, switchboards, co n tro lle rs , circu it
b rea k ers, m o to rs, heating units, conduit system s, o r other transm ission
equipment; w orking fro m blueprints, drawings, layouts, o r other s p e c ifi­
cations; locatin g and diagnosing trouble in the e le c tric a l system or equip­
m ent; w orking standard computations relating to load requirem ents o f w irin g
o r e le c tr ic a l equipment; and using a v a rie ty o f e le c tric ia n 's handtools and
m easu rin g and testin g instrum ents. In general, the w ork o f the maintenance
e le c tric ia n re q u ire s rounded training and experien ce usually acquired through
a fo rm a l apprenticeship o r equivalent training and experience.

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H AN IC (M o to r veh icle)
R ep airs autom obiles, buses, m otortru ck s, and tra ctors of an estab­
lishm ent. W ork in volves m ost of the fo llo w in g : Exam ining automotive equip­
m ent to diagnose source o f trouble; d isassem blin g equipment and perform ing
rep a irs that in volve the use o f such handtools as w renches, gauges, d rills ,
or sp ecia lized equipment in d isassem blin g or fittin g parts; replacing broken
or d efective parts fro m stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassem bling
and installing the various assem b lies in the veh icle and making n ecessary
adjustments; and aligning w h eels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening
body b olts. In gen eral, the w ork o f the m otor veh icle maintenance mechanic
req u ires rounded training and exp erien ce usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship o r equivalent training and exp erien ce.

M A IN T E N A N C E P A IN T E R

This cla s s ific a tio n does not include m echanics w h o
to m e rs ' veh icles in automobile re p a ir shops.

Paints and red e c o ra te s w alls, woodwork, and fixtu res o f an estab­
lish m en t. W ork in volves the fo llo w in g : Knowledge of surface p ecu lia rities
and types o f paint requ ired fo r d ifferen t applications; preparing surface
fo r painting by rem ovin g old finish or by placing putty or f ille r in nail
holes and in te rs tic e s ; and applying paint with spray gun o r brush. May
m ix c o lo rs , o ils , white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
c o lo r o r con sisten cy. In gen eral, the w ork of the m aintenance painter
req u ires rounded train in g and experience usually acquired through a fo rm a l
apprenticeship o r equivalent training and experience.

cus­

M A IN T E N A N C E P IP E F IT T E R
Installs o r re p a irs w a ter, steam , gas, or other types o f pipe and
pipefittings in an establishm ent. W ork in volves m ost o f the follow in g: Laying
out w ork and m easuring to locate position o f pipe fro m drawings or other
w ritten sp ecification s; cutting various s ize s of pipe to c o rre c t lengths with
ch isel and ham m er or oxyacetylen e torch o r pipe-cutting machines; threading
pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or p ow er-d riven
m achines; assem bling pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers;
m aking standard shop computations rela tin g to p ressu res, flow , and size of
pipe requ ired ; and making standard tests to determ in e whether finished pipes
m eet sp ecification s. In gen eral, the w ork of the maintenance pipefitter
req u ires rounded training and exp erien ce usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and exp erien ce. W orkers p rim a rily
engaged in installing and rep a irin g building sanitation or heating system s
are excluded.

M A IN T E N A N C E M A C H IN IS T
P ro d u ces rep la cem en t parts and new parts in making rep a irs o f
m eta l parts o f m ech an ical equipment operated in an establishm ent. W ork
in volves m o st o f the follow in g; Interpreting w ritten instructions and sp eci­
fica tion s; planning and layin g out o f work; using a v a rie ty o f m achinist's
handtools and p re c is io n m easu ring instruments; setting up and operating
standard m achine tools; shaping o f m etal parts to close to leran ces; making
standard shop computations relatin g to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds o f m achining; knowledge of the working prop erties o f the common
m eta ls; selectin g standard m a te ria ls , parts, and equipment requ ired fo r this
w ork; and fittin g and assem bling parts into m echanical equipment. In
gen era l, the m a ch in ist's w ork norm ally requ ires a rounded training in
m achine-shop p ra c tic e usually acquired through a form a l apprenticeship or
equivalent train in g and exp erien ce.

M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T -M E T A L W O RKER
F a b ric a te s , in stalls, and m aintains in good re p a ir the sheet-m etal
equipment and fixtu res (such as m achine guards, grea se pans, shelves,
lo c k e rs , tanks, ven tila tors, chutes, ducts, m etal roofin g) of an establishment.
W ork in volves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and laying out all types of
sh eet-m etal maintenance w ork fro m blueprints, m od els, or other sp ecifi­
cations; setting up and operating all available types o f sheet-m etal working
m achines; using a v a rie ty of handtools in cutting, bending, form ing, shaping,
fittin g, and assem bling; and installing sh eet-m etal a rticles as required. In
gen eral, the w ork of the m aintenance sh eet-m eta l w o rk e r requ ires rounded
training and exp erien ce usually acquired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship or
equivalent training and ex p erien ce.

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M ach in ery)
R ep a irs m ach in ery o r m echanical equipment o f an establishm ent.
W ork in volves m o s t o f the follow in g: Examining m achines and m echanical
equipment to diagnose sou rce of trouble; dismantling o r p a rtly dism antling
m achines and p e rfo rm in g re p a irs that m ain ly involve the use o f handtools in
scraping and fittin g p arts; replacing broken or d efective parts with item s




rep air

27

M IL L W R IG H T

T O O L AND DIE M AK E R — Continued

In stalls new m achines o r heavy equipment, and dism antles and
ins tails m achines o r heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout are
requ ired. W ork in volves m ost o f the fo llo w in g ; Planning and laying out
work; in terp retin g blueprints o r other sp ecifica tion s; using a v a rie ty o f handtools and rig g in g ; m aking standard shop computations relatin g to s tre s s e s ,
strength o f m a te ria ls , and cen ters o f g ra v ity ; aligning and balancing equip­
ment; selectin g standard tools, equipment, and parts to be used; and installing
and m aintaining in good o rd e r pow er tran sm ission equipment such as d rives
and speed red u cers. In gen era l, the m illw rig h t's w ork n orm ally req u ires a
rounded training and ex p erien ce in the trade acquired through a fo rm a l
apprenticeship o r equivalent train in g and ex p erien ce.

alloys; selecting appropriate m a te ria ls , tools, and p ro cesses requ ired to
com plete tasks; making n ecessary shop com putations; setting up and o p e r­
ating variou s machine tools and related equipment; using variou s tool and
die m a k e r's handtools and p recision m easu rin g instrum ents; w orkin g to v e ry
clo se to leran ces; h eat-treatin g m etal parts and finished tools and dies to
achieve requ ired qu alities; fitting and assem blin g parts to p re s c rib e d t o le r ­
ances and allowances. In general, the tool and die m a k e r's w ork req u ires
rounded training in m achine-shop and to olroom p ra c tic e usually acquired
through fb rm a l apprenticeship o r equivalent t r a i n i n g and ex p erien ce.

M A IN T E N A N C E TR A D E S H E L P E R
A s s is ts one o r m o re w o rk e rs in the sk illed m aintenance trades, by
p erform in g s p e c ific o r gen era l duties o f le s s e r sk ill, such as keeping a
w o rk er supplied with m a te ria ls and tools; cleaning w orking area, m achine,
and equipment; assistin g journeym an by holding m a te ria ls o r tools; and p e r­
form in g other unskilled tasks as d irected by journeym an. The kind o f w ork
the helper is p erm itted to p e rfo rm v a rie s fro m trade to trade: In som e
trades the h elp er is confined to supplying, liftin g , and holding m a te ria ls and
tools, and cleaning w orkin g areas; and in others he is p erm itted to p e rfo rm
sp ecia lized m achine operation s, or parts o f a trade that are also p erfo rm ed
by w o rk ers on a fu ll-tim e b asis.
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R (T o o lro o m )
S p ecia lizes in operating one o r m o re than one type o f m achine tool
(e .g ., jig b o re r, grinding m achine, engine lathe, m illin g m achine) to m achine
m etal fo r use in m aking o r m aintaining jig s , fix tu res, cutting tools, gauges,
or m etal dies o r m olds used in shaping o r fo rm in g m eta l o r nonm etallic
m a te ria l (e .g ., p la stic, p la s te r, rubber, g la s s ). W ork ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s ;
Planning and p e rfo rm in g d iffic u lt m achining operations which req u ire com ­
plicated setups or a high d e g re e o f accuracy; setting up m achine tool or
tools (e .g ., in stall cutting tools and adjust guides, stops, w orking tables,
and other controls to handle the s ize o f stock to be m achined; d eterm ine
proper feed s, speeds, tooling, and operation sequence or s e le c t those p re ­
scribed in draw ings, blueprints, o r layouts); using a v a rie ty of p recisio n
m easuring instrum ents; m aking n ecessa ry adjustments during m achining
operation to achieve req u isite dim ensions to v e ry clo s e tolera n ces. M ay
be requ ired to s e le c t p ro p er coolants and cutting and lu bricatin g o ils , to
recogn ize when tools need d ressin g, and to d ress tools. In gen eral, the w ork
o f z. m ach in e-tool o p e ra to r (to o lro o m ) at the sk ill le v e l called fo r in this
cla ssifica tio n re q u ire s exten sive knowledge o f m achine-shop and toolroom
p ra ctice usually acquired through con siderable on -th e-job training and
experien ce.

F o r cross-in d u stry wage study purposes, this c la s s ific a tio n does not
include tool and die m akers who ( 1) are em ployed in tool and die jobbing
shops o r ( 2) produce fo rgin g dies (d ie sin k ers).
S T A T IO N A R Y ENGINEER
O perates and maintains and m ay also su p ervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (m ech an ical o r e le c tr ic a l) to supply the
establishm ent in which em ployed with pow er, heat, re fr ig e r a tio n , o r a irconditioning. W ork in volves; O perating and m aintaining equipm ent such as
steam engines, air com p ressors, ge n e ra to rs , m o to rs , turbines, ventilating
and re frig e ra tin g equipment, steam b o ile rs and b o ile r -fe d w ater pumps;
m aking equipment rep a irs; and keeping a re c o rd o f operation of m ach in ery,
tem p eratu re, and fuel consumption. M ay also su p ervise these operation s.
Head o r ch ief engineers in establishm ents em ploying m o re than one en gin eer
are excluded.
B O IL E R TEND ER
F ir e s stationarv b o ilers to furnish the establishm ent in which
em ployed with heat, pow er, or steam . F eed s fu els to f ir e by hand or
operates a m echanical stoker, gas, o r o il burner; and checks w ater and
safety va lv e s . M ay clean, o il, or a ssist in re p a irin g b o ile rro o m equipment.

Material Movement and Custodial
TR U C K D R IV E R
D rives a truck within a c ity o r in du strial area to tran sp ort
m a te ria ls , m erchandise, equipment, or w o rk e rs between variou s types of
establishm ents such as; Manufacturing plants, fr e ig h t depots, w arehouses,
w h olesale and re ta il establishm ents, o r betw een r e ta il establishm ents and
cu sto m ers' houses or places of business. M ay also load or unload truck
with o r without h elpers, make m inor m ech an ical r e p a irs , and keep truck in
good w orking o rd e r. Salesroute and o v e r -th e -r o a d d r iv e r s are excluded.

F o r c ro s s -in d u s try w age study purposes, this cla s s ific a tio n does not
include m a ch in e-tool o p era to rs (to o lro o m ) em ployed in tool and die jobbing
shops.

F o r wage study purposes, tru c k d riv e rs are c la s s ifie d by type and
rated capacity of truck, as follow s;
T ru c k d riv e r, light truck
(straigh t truck, under IV e tons, usually 4 w h eels)
T ru c k d riv e r, medium truck
(stra igh t truck, IV2 to 4 tons in clu sive, usually 6 w h eels)
T ru c k d riv e r, heavy truck
(straigh t truck, o v e r 4 tons, usually 10 w h eels)
T ru c k d riv e r. tr a c to r -tr a ile r

T O O L AND DIE M A K E R
Constructs and re p a irs jig s , fix tu re s , cutting tools, gauges, or m etal
dies o r m olds used in shaping o r fo rm in g m eta l o r nonm etallic m a te ria l (e .g .,
p lastic, p la s te r, rubber, g la s s ). W ork ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s ; Planning and laying
out w ork according to m od els, blueprints, draw ings, o r other w ritten o r o ra l
sp ecification s; understanding the w orkin g p ro p e rtie s o f common m etals and




28

S H IP P E R AND R E C E IV E R

S H IP P IN G P A C K E R

P e r fo r m s c le r ic a l and physical tasks in connection with shipping
goods of the establishm ent Tn which em ployed and re c e iv in g incom ing
shipm ents.
In p e rfo rm in g d a y-to-d ay, routine tasks, follow s established
gu idelin es. In handling unusual nonroutine problem s, re c e iv e s sp ecific guid­
ance fro m s u p e rv is o r o r other o ffic ia ls .
May d irect and coordinate the
a c tiv itie s of other w o rk e rs engaged in handling goods to be shipped o r being
re c e iv e d .

P re p a re s finished products fo r shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations p erfo rm ed being dependent
upon the type, s ize , and number of units to be packed, the type of container
em ployed, and method of shipment. W ork requ ires the placing of item s in
shipping containers and m ay in volve one or m o re of the follow in g: Knowledge
of various item s of stock in o rd e r to v e r ify content; selection of appropriate
type and size of container; in sertin g enclosures in container; using ex c e ls io r
or other m a te ria l to prevent breakage or dam age; closin g and sealing con­
tain er; and applying labels or entering identifying data on container. Packers
who also make wooden boxes or crates a re excluded.

Shippers ty p ic a lly a re responsible fo r m ost of the follow in g: V e r ­
ifyin g that o rd e rs a re a ccu ra tely fille d by com paring ite m s . and quantities
o f goods gath ered fo r shipm ent against documents; insuring that shipments
a re p ro p e rly packaged, id en tified with shipping inform ation, and loaded into
tran sp ortin g v e h ic le s ; p rep a rin g and keeping record s of goods shipped, e.g .,
m a n ifests, b ills of lading.
R e c e iv e r s ty p ic a lly a re responsible for m ost of the follow in g:
V e r ify in g the c o rre c tn e s s o f incom ing shipments by com paring item s and
quantities unloaded against b ills of lading, in voices, m an ifests, storage
r e c e ip ts , or other r e c o rd s ; checking fo r damaged goods; insuring that
goods a re a p p ro p ria te ly id en tified fo r routing to departm ents within the
establishm ent; p rep arin g and keeping records of goods received .
For

w age

study

purposes,

w ork ers

a re

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s:

Shipper
R e c e iv e r
Shipper and r e c e iv e r
W A R E H O U SE M A N
A s d ire c te d , p e rfo rm s a v a rie ty of warehousing duties which req u ire
an understanding of the establishm ent's storage plan.
W ork in volves m ost
o f the fo llo w in g : V e r ify in g m a teria ls (o r m erchandise) against re c e iv in g
docum ents, noting and rep o rtin g d iscrepan cies and obvious dam ages; routing
m a te ria ls to p re s c rib e d stora ge locations; storing, stacking, or p a lletizin g
m a te ria ls in a ccord an ce with p re s c rib e d storage methods; rearran gin g and
taking in ven tory of stored m a te ria ls ; examining stored m a teria ls and
rep o rtin g d e te rio ra tio n and dam age; rem oving m a teria l fro m storage and
p rep a rin g it fo r shipment. M ay operate hand or power trucks in p erform in g
w arehousing duties.
Exclude w o rk e rs whose p rim a ry duties involve shipping and r e c e iv ­
ing w ork (s e e Shipper and R e c e iv e r and Shipping P a c k e r), ord er fillin g
(s e e O rd er F i l l e r ) , o r operatin g power trucks (s e e P o w e r-T ru c k O p erator).

M A T E R IA L H AN D LIN G LA B O R E R
A w o rk er em ployed in a w arehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or
other establishm ent whose duties in volve one or m ore of the follow in g:
Loading and unloading various m a teria ls and m erchandise on or fro m freigh t
c a rs , trucks, or other transporting d evices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
m a teria ls or m erchandise in p rop er storage location; and transporting
m a teria ls or m erchandise by handtruck, c a r, or w heelbarrow .
Longshore
w o rk e rs , who load and unload ships, a re excluded.

P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R
O perates a m anually con trolled g a solin e- or e le c tric -p o w e re d truck
or tra c to r to tran sport goods and m a teria ls o f a ll kinds about a warehouse,
manufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.
F o r wage study purposes, w ork ers a re c la s s ifie d by type of pow ertruck, as fo llo w s:
F o r k lift operator
P o w e r-tru c k op erator (oth er than fo r k lift)

GUARD
P ro te c ts p rop erty fro m theft or dam age, or persons fro m hazards
or in terferen ce. Duties in volve servin g at a fixed post, making rounds on
foot or by m otor veh icle, or escortin g persons or property. M ay be deputized
to make a rre s ts .
M ay also help v is ito r s and custom ers by answering
questions and giving direction s.
Guards em ployed by establishm ents which p rovide protective s e r ­
v ic e s on a contract basis a re included in this occupation.

ORD ER F IL L E R
F ills shipping o r tra n s fe r ord ers fo r finished goods fro m stored
m erch an dise in accord an ce with specifications on sales slip s, cu stom ers'
o rd e rs , or other in stru ction s. May, in addition to fillin g o rd e rs and in d i­
cating item s fille d o r om itted, keep record s of outgoing o rd e rs , requ isition
additional stock or re p o rt short supplies to su p ervisor, and p e rfo rm other
rela ted duties.




For

wage

study

purposes,

guards

a re

c la s s ifie d

as

follow s:

Class A .
E n forces regulations designed to prevent breaches of
secu rity.
E x e rc is e s judgment and uses d iscretio n in dealing with e m e r ­
gencies and secu rity violation s encountered. D eterm ines whether fir s t

GUARD— Continued

GUARD— Continued

response should be to in terven e d ir e c tly (asking fo r assistan ce when deem ed
n ecessa ry and tim e a llo w s ), to keep situation under su rv e illa n c e , or to re p o rt
situation so that it can be handled by ap p ropriate authority. Duties re q u ire
sp ecia lized train in g in methods and techniques of p rotectin g secu rity areas.
Com m only, the guard is req u ired to dem onstrate continuing p h ysical fitn ess
and p ro fic ie n c y with fir e a r m s or other sp ecia l weapons.

qu ire m in im al training. Com m only, the guard is not requ ired to dem onstrate
ph ysical fitness. M ay be arm ed, but g e n e ra lly is not req u ired to dem onstrate
p ro fic ie n c y in the use of fire a rm s or sp ecia l weapons.
JA N ITO R , P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R
Cleans and keeps in an o r d e r ly condition fa c to ry w orking areas and
w ash room s, or prem ises of an o ffic e , apartm ent house, or c o m m e rc ia l
or other establishm ent.
Duties in vo lve a com bination of the fo llo w in g :
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing flo o r s ; rem ovin g chips, trash ,
and other refuse; dusting equipment, fu rn itu re, or fix tu re s ; polishing m etal
fixtu res or trim m in gs; providing supplies and m in or m aintenance s e r v ic e s ;
and cleaning la v a to rie s , show ers, and re s tro o m s .
W ork ers who s p e c ia lize
in window washing are excluded.

C lass B.
C a rrie s out instructions p r im a r ily orien ted tow ard in ­
suring that e m erg en cies and secu rity violation s a re re a d ily d isc o v e re d and
rep orted to ap p rop riate authority.
In terven es d ir e c tly only in situations
which req u ire m in im a l action to safeguard p ro p erty or persons. Duties r e ­




30

Service Contract
Act Surveys
T h e fo llo w in g a re a s a re s u r ­
ve y e d p e r io d ic a lly fo r use in adm in ­
is te rin g the S e r v ic e C on tract A c t
o f 1965. S u rvey resu lts a re pub­
lish ed in re le a s e s w hich a re a v a ila ­
ble, at no cost, w h ile supplies last
fr o m any o f the BLS re g io n a l o ffic e s
shown on the back c o v e r.

A la s k a (sta tew id e)
A lbany, Ga.
Albu qu erqu e, N. M ex.
A lex a n d ria —L e e s v ille , La.
Alpena—
Standish—
Taw as C ity, M ich.
Ann A r b o r , M ich.
A s h e v ille , N .C .
Augusta, Ga.—
S.C.
Austin, T ex .
B a k e rs fie ld , C a lif.
Baton Rouge, La.
B attle C reek , M ich.
Beaum ont— o r t A rthu x^O range
P
and Lak e C h a rle s , T e x .—La.
B ilo x i— u lfp ort and P ascagou la—
G
M oss P oin t, M iss.
Bingham ton, N. Y.
B irm in gh am , A la .
B loom in gton — incennes, Ind.
V
B re m e rto n —
Shelton, Wash.
B runsw ick, Ga.
C ed ar R apids, Iowa
Cham paign—
Urbana—
Rantoul, 111.
C h arleston — orth C h arleston —
N
W a lte rb o ro , S.C.
C h a rlo tte—
Gastonia, N.C.
C la r k s v ille -H o p k in s v ille , Term.—
Ky.
C olum bia—
Sum ter, S.C.
Colum bus, Ga.— la .
A
Colum bus, M is s .
C onnecticut (sta tew id e)
D ecatur, 111.
Des M oin es, Iowa
Dothan, A la .
Duluth— u p erior, Minn.—W is.
S
E l P a s o — la m o g o rd o —Las Cruces,.
A
T e x .—N. M ex.
Eugene— p rin g field — ed ford , O reg.
S
M




F a y e tte v ille , N.C.
F o r t Lauderdale— ollyw ood
H
and W est P a lm Beach—
Boca Raton, F la.
F o r t Smith, A rk .—
Okla.
F o r t Wayne, Ind.
Gadsden and Anniston, A la.
G oldsboro, N.C.
Grand Island—
Hastings, Nebr.
Guam, T e r r it o r y of
H arrisb u rg—Lebanon, Pa.
K n oxville, Term.
La C ro s s e —
Sparta, W is.
Laredo, Tex.
Las Vegas—
Tonopah, Nev.
Lexington—
Fayette, Ky.
Lim a, Ohio
L ittle Rock—
North L ittle Rock, A rk .
L o ra in — ly ria , Ohio
E
L o w e r Eastern Shore, Md.—Va.—
Del.
Macon, Ga.
Madison, Wis.
M aine (statew ide)
M ansfield, Ohio
M cA llen —
Pharr^E dinburg
and B row n sville— arlingen—
H
San Benito, Tex.
M eridian, M iss.
M iddlesex, Monmouth, and
Ocean Counties, N. J.
M obile—
Pensacola—Panam a City,
A la .— la.
F
Montana (statew ide)
N a sh ville—
Dayidson, Tenn.
New Bern—
Jacksonville, N.C.
New Ham pshire (statew ide)
North Dakota ( statew ide)
N orthern New Y o rk
N orthw est Texas
Orlando, Fla.
Oxnard— im i V a lle y —
S
Ventura, C a lif.
P e o ria , HI.
Phoenix, A r iz .
Pin e Bluff, A rk.
Pueblo, Colo.
P u erto R ico
R aleigh —
Durham, N.C.
Reno, Nev.

R iv e rs id e —
San Bernardino—
Ontario, C a lif.
Salina, Kans.
Salinas—
Seaside— onterey, C a lif.
M
Sandusky, Ohio
Santa B arbara—
Santa M aria—
Lom poc, C a lif.
Savannah, Ga.
Selm a, A la.
Sherman—
Denison, Tex.
S hreveport, La.
South Dakota (statew id e)
Southeastern M assachusetts
Southern Idaho
Southwest V irg in ia
Spokane, Wash.
S prin gfield, 111.
Stockton, C a lif.
Tacom a, Wash.
Tampa—
St. P etersb u rg, Fla.
Topeka, Kans.
Tucson—
Douglas, A r iz .
Tulsa, Okla.
Upper Peninsula, Mich.
V a lle jo — a ir fie ld —
F
Napa, C alif.
V erm on t (statew ide)
V irg in Islands o f the U.S.
Waco and K ille e n —
Tem p le, Tex.
W a terlo o -C ed a r F a lls , Iowa
W est V irg in ia (statew ide)
W estern and N orthern
M assachusetts
W ichita F a lls —Law ton-Altus,
T ex .—
Okla.
Yakim a—
Richland—
Kennewick—
Pendleton, Wash.— reg.
O

A L S O A V A IL A B L E —
An annual rep o rt on s a la ries fo r
accountants, auditors, ch ief account­
ants, attorneys, job analysts, d ir e c ­
tors o f personnel, buyers, chem ists,
engineers, engineering technicians,
d ra fters,
a n d c le r ic a l em ployees
is available.
O rder as BLS B u lle­
tin 2004, National Survey o f P r o ­
fession al, Adm in istrative, Technical
and C le r ic a l Pay, M arch 1978, $2.40
a copy, fro m any of the BLS r e ­
gional sales o ffices shown on the
back cover, or fro m the Superin­
tendent o f Documents, U.S. G overn ­
ment Prin tin g O ffice, Washington,
D.C. 20402.




Area Wage
Surveys
A lis t o f the la te s t bu lletins availab le is presented below. Bulletins
m ay be purchased fr o m any o f the BLS region a l offices shown on the back
c o v e r , o r fr o m the Superintendent o f Documents, U.S. G overnm ent P rin tin g
O ffic e , Washington, D .C. 20402. Make checks payable to Superintendent of
Docum ents. A d ir e c to r y o f occupational w age surveys, co verin g the yea rs
1970 through 1977, is a va ila b le on request.

A rea

Akron, Ohio, Dec. 1978 ____________________________________
Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N.Y., Sept. 1978 1______________
Anaheim—
Santa Ana^Garden Grove,
Calif., Oct. 19781 _________________________________________
Atlanta, Ga., M a y l9 7 8 1 ____________________________________
Baltimore, Md., Aug. 1978 1 _______________________________
Billings, Mont., July 1978__________________________________
Birmingham, Ala., Mar. 1978______________________________
Boston, Mass., Aug. 19781_________________________________
Buffalo, N.Y., Oct. 19781___________________________________
Canton, Ohio, May 1978____________________________________
Ga., Sept. 1978 1______________________
Chattanooga, Tenn.—
Chicago, 11
1., May 1978 ____________________________________
Cincinnati, Ohio-Ky.—
Ind., July 1978_______________________
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1978________________________________
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 19781 ________________________________
Corpus Christi, Tex., July 1978___________________________
D allas-F ort Worth, Tex., Oct. 1978 1
______________________
Davenport—
Rock Island^Moline, Iowa— 1 ., Feb. 1979______
11
Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1978 ____________________________________
Daytona Beach, Fla., Aug. 1978 ___________________________
Denvei^Boulder, Colo., Dec. 1978_________________________
Detroit, Mich., Mar. 1979 1________________________________
Fresno, Calif., June 1978 1_________________________________
Gainesville, Fla., Sept. 1978 _______________________________
Gary-Hammond-East Chicago, Ind., Aug. 1979 1___________
Green Bay, Wis., July 19781 _______________________________
Greensboro—
Winston-Salem—
High Point,
N.C., Aug. 1978____________________________________________
Greenville—
Spartanburg, S.C., June 1978 __________________
Hartford, Conn., Mar. 1979_________________________________
Houston, Tex., Apr. 1979___________________________________
Huntsville, Ala., Feb. 1979_________________________________
Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 19781 ______________________________
Jackson, Miss., Jan. 1979 1________________________________
Jacksonville, Fla., Dec. 1978 ______________________________
Kansas City, Mo.-Kans., Sept. 1978_______________________
Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif., Oct. 1978 1______________
Louisville, Ky.-Ind., Nov. 1978____________________________
Memphis, Tenn.—
Ark.—
Miss., Nov. 1978 ___________________



B u lletin number
and p r ic e *

2025-63, $1.00
2025-58, $1.20
2025-65, $1.30
2025-28, $1.40
2025-50, $1.50
2025-38, $1.00
2025-15, 80 cents
2025-43, $1.50
2025-71, $1.30
2025-22, 70 cents
2025-51, $1.20
2025-32, $1.30
2025-39, $1.10
2025-49, $1.30
2025-59, $1.50
2025-29, $1.00
2025-52, $1.50
2050-10, $1.00
2025-66, $1.00
2025-48, $1.00
2025-68, $1.20
2050-7, $1.50
2025-31, $1.20
2025-45, $1.00
(To be su
rveyed)
2025-41, $1.20
2025-46,
2025-30,
2050-12,
2050-15,
2050-3,
2025-57,
2050-9,
2025-67,
2025-53,
2025-61,
2025-69,
2025-62,

$1.00
$1.00
$1.10
$1.30
$1.00
$1.50
$1.20
$1.00
$1.30
$1.50
$1.00
$ 1.00

A rea
M iam i, F la ., Oct. 1978 1
_______________________________________
M ilwaukee, W is., A p r. 1979___________________________________
M inneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn.—W is., Jan. 1979_________________
Nassaur-Suffolk, N. Y . , June 1978 1____________________________
New ark, N .J ., Jan. 1979_______________________________________
New O rleans, La., Jan. 1979 1________________________________
New York, N .Y .-N .J ., M ay 1978 1 ____________________________
N orfolk —V irg in ia Beach—
Portsm outh, Va.—
N .C ., M ay 1978 _______________________________________________
N orfolk —V irg in ia Beach—
Portsm outh and
N ew port News—
Hampton, _Va.— .C ., M ay 1978---------------N
N orth east Pennsylvania, Aug. 1978 ________________________
Oklahoma C ity, O kla., Aug. 1978_____________________________
Omaha, N ebr.—Iowa, Oct. 1978_______________________________
P a terso n — lifton— a ssa ic, N.J., June 1978 1________________
C
P
Philadelphia, P a .-N .J ., Nov. 1978 ___________________________
Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 1979 1___________________________________
Portlan d, Maine, Dec. 19781 _________________________________
P ortlan d, O reg.—Wash., M ay 1978 ___________________________
Poughkeepsie, N. Y ., June 1978 1_____________________________
Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—Newburgh,N .Y ., June 1978 1 _______
P ro v id e n c e -W a rw ic k —Pawtucket, R. I.—
M ass., June 1978_____________________________________________
Richmond, Va., June 1978____________________________________
St. Louis, Mo.—111., M ar. 1979 1______________________________
Sacram ento, C a lif., Dec. 1978 _______________________________
Saginaw, M ich., Nov. 1978 ___________________________________
Salt Lake C ity—
Ogden, Utah, Nov. 1978 1 ____________________
San Antonio, T ex., M ay 1978 _________________________________
San D iego, C a lif., Nov. 1978__________________________________
San Fran cisco-O aklan d, C a lif., M ar. 1979__________________
San Jose, C a lif., M ar. 1978 1 _________________________________
Seattle— verett, Wash., Dec. 1978___________________________
E
South Bend, Ind., Aug. 1978___________________________________
Toledo, O h io-M ich., M ay 1979_______________________________
Trenton, N.J., Sept. 1978 1 ___________________________________
U tica -R om e, N .Y ., July 1978_________________________________
Washington, D .C .-M d .-V a ., M ar. 1979______________________
W ichita, K an s., A p r. 1978____________________________________
W o rc e s te r, M ass., A p r. 1978 1_______________________________
York, P a., Feb. 1979__________________________________________

Bulletin number
and p ric e *
2025-60,
2050-8,
2050-1,
2025-33,
2050-5,
2050-2,
2025-35,

$1.30
$1.30
$1.30
$1.30
$1.30
$1.30
$1.50

2025-20, 70 cents
2025-21,
2025-47,
2025-40,
2025-56,
2025-36,
2025-54,
2050-11,
2025-70,
2025-25,
2025-37,
2025-42,

80 cents
$1.00
$1.00
$1.00
$1.20
$1.30
$1.50
$1.20
$1.00
$1.10
$1.20

2025-27,
2025-26,
2050-13,
2025-75,
2025-64,
2025-72,
2025-17,
2025-73,
2050-14,
2025-9,
2025-74,
2025-44,
2050-16,
2025-55,
2025-34,
2050-4,
2025-16,
2025-19,
2050-6,

$1.40
80 cents
$1.50
$1.00
$ 1.00
$1.30
70 cents
$1.00
$1.20
$1.20
$1.00
$1.00
$1.10
$1.20
$1.00
$1.20
80 cents
$1.10
$1.00

* Prices are determined by the Government Printing Office and are subject to change.
1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212
Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail

Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region I

Region I
I

Region 11
1

Region

1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (AreaCode617)

Suite 3400
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New York, N Y. 10036
Phone 399-5406 (Area Code 212)

3535 Market Street,
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Philadelphia, Pa 19101
Phone: 596-1154 (AreaCode215)

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1371 Peachtree St., N E
Atlanta, Ga 30309
Phone:881-4418 (Area Code 404)

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I

Regions V Iand VI
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Chicago, III 60604
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code312)

Second Floor
555 Gridin Square Building
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 767-69 71 (Area Code 214)

Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St.. 15th Flooi
Kansas City, Mo 64106
Phone 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

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San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone:556-4678 (Area Code 415)

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VI
II

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X

Iowa
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nin
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I
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