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<^oso - 7

Area
Wage
Survey

Detroit, Michigan, Metropolitan Area
March 1979

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Bulletin 2050-7

v$3^




CPa rt

St. Clair

Preface
T h is b u lle tin p ro v id e s r e s u lts o f a M a r c h 1979 s u r v e y o f o c c u ­
p ation al e a rn in g s and s u p p lem e n ta ry w age b e n e fits in the D e tr o it, M ic h ig a n ,
Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a .
T he s u r v e y was m ad e as p a r t o f
the B u reau o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s ’ annual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m .
It was
conducted by the B u re a u ’ s r e g io n a l o f f ic e in C h ic a g o , 111., under the g e n e r a l
d ire c tio n o f L o is L . O r r , A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l C o m m is s io n e r fo r O p e ra tio n s .
The s u r v e y could not have b een a c c o m p lis h e d w ith ou t the c o o p e r a tio n o f
the m any fir m s w h ose w a g e and s a la r y data p ro v id e d the b a s is fo r the
s ta tis tic a l in fo rm a tio n in this b u lle tin .
Th e B u rea u w is h e s to e x p r e s s
s in c e re a p p re c ia tio n fo r the c o o p e r a tio n r e c e iv e d .
M a t e r ia l in this p u b lic a tio n is in the p u b lic d om ain and m ay be
re p ro d u c e d w ith out p e r m is s io n o f the F e d e r a l G o v e rn m e n t.
P le a s e c r e d it
the B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s and c ite the nam e and nu m ber o f this
p u b lication .

Note:
C u rr e n t r e p o r ts on oc c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s and s u p p lem e n ta ry w age
p ro v is io n s in the D e tr o it a r e a a re a v a ila b le fo r m u n ic ip a l g o v e rn m e n t and
fo r the com p u ter and data p r o c e s s in g (M a r c h 1978), h o tels and m o te ls
(M a y 1978), and m a c h in e ry (J an u ary 1978) in d u s tr ie s .
A ls o a v a ila b le a re
lis tin g s o f union w a g e r a te s fo r b u ild in g tr a d e s , p rin tin g tr a d e s , lo c a l- t r a n s it
o p e ra tin g e m p lo y e e s , lo c a l tr u c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s , and g r o c e r y s to r e
e m p lo y e e s . F r e e c o p ie s o f th ese a re a v a ila b le fr o m the B u re a u ’ s r e g io n a l
o ffic e s . (See back c o v e r fo r a d d r e s s e s .)




Area
Wage
Survey

Detroit, Michigan Metropolitan Area
March 1979

U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary

Contents

Page

Introduction__________

2

Bureau of Labor Statistics
Janet L. Norwood
Commissioner
July 1979

For sale by the Superintendent ot Docu­
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http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/
intendent ot Documents

Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

E arnings, a ll estab lishm en ts:
A - l.
W eekly earnings o f o ffic e w o rk e rs
A -2.
W eekly earnings o f p ro fe s s io n a l
and tech n ica l w o rk e rs ____________
A -3.
A v e ra g e w e e k ly earnings o f
offic e , p ro fes s io n a l, and
techn ical w o rk e rs , by s e x _______
A -4. H ou rly earnings o f m aintenance,
to olroom , and pow erplant
w o r k e r s ____________________________
A -5 .
H ou rly earnings o f m a te ria l
m ovem ent and cu stod ial w o rk e rs
A -6.
A v e ra g e h ou rly earnings of
m aintenance, to o lro o m , p o w e rplant, m a te ria l m ovem ent, and
custodial w o rk e rs , by s e x _______
A -7,
P e rc e n t in c re a s es in a v e ra g e
hourly earnings fo r se lec te d
occupational groups_______________
A -8.
A v e ra g e pay relation sh ip s
within establishm ents
fo r w h ite -c o lla r
w o r k e r s ____________________________
A -9.
A v e ra g e pay relation sh ip s
within establishm ents
fo r b lu e -c o lla r
w o r k e r s ____________________________
Earnings, la rg e estab lish m en ts:
A -10. W eekly earnings o f o ffic e w o rk e rs —
A -11. W eekly earnings of p ro fe s s io n a l
and tech n ica l w o rk e rs _____
A -12. A v e ra g e w e e k ly earnings of
o ffice, p ro fes s io n a l, and
techn ical w o rk e rs , by sex

T ab les— Continued
E arnings, la r g e establishm ents—
Continued
A - 1 3 . H ou rly earnings o f maintenance,
to olroom , and powerplant

T a b le s :

Bulletin 2050-7

Page

workers

3

A -14.
6

A -15.
8

22

H ou rly earnings o f m a te ria l
m ovem en t and custodial
w o rk e rs _
A v e r a g e h ou rly earnings of
m aintenance, to olroom , p o w e rplant, m a te ria l m ovem ent, and
cu stodial w o rk e rs , by sex

23

24

10
11

13

E stablishm en t p ra c tic e s and
supplem entary w age p ro v isio n s :
B - l.
M inim um entrance s a la rie s fo r
in experien ced typ ists and c le rk s ___ ----25
B -2.
L a te -s h ift pay p ro v isio n s fo r
fu ll- tim e manufacturing
production and rela ted w o r k e r s ......

B -3.
14

B -4.
B-5.
15
B-6.

B -7.
16

17

19

21

Scheduled w e e k ly hours and days of
fu ll- tim e fir s t - s h ift w o rk e rs —
Annual paid holidays fo r fu ll-tim e
w o rk e rs
P aid vacation p ro visio n s fo r
fu ll- tim e w o rk e rs .
Health, insurance, and pension
plans fo r fu ll-tim e w o rk ers _
L ife insurance plans fo r
f u ll -t i m e w o r k e r s

Appendix A .
Appendix B.

............

27
- 28
29
32
33

Scope and m ethod o f survey______ ---- 36
Occupational d e s c rip tio n s ________ -----41

Introduction

T h is a r e a is 1 o f 72 in w h ich the U.S. D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u reau o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s con du cts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and
r e la te d b e n e fits .
(S e e l i s t o f a r e a s on in s id e b ack c o v e r . )
In ea c h a r e a ,
e a rn in g s data f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s ( A - s e r i e s
ta b le s ) a r e c o lle c t e d
annually.
In fo r m a tio n on e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e
b e n e fits ( B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) is ob ta in ed e v e r y th ird y e a r .

W h e re p o s s ib le , data a r e p re s e n te d f o r a l l in d u s tr ie s and f o r m a n u fa ctu rin g
and n on m an u factu rin g s e p a ra te ly .
D ata a r e not p r e s e n te d f o r s k ille d m a in ­
ten a n ce w o r k e r s in n on m an u factu rin g b e c a u s e th e n u m b er o f w o r k e r s e m ­
p lo y e d in this occu p a tio n a l gro u p in n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g is to o s m a ll to w a r r a n t
s e p a ra te p re s e n ta tio n .
T h is ta b le p r o v id e s a m e a s u r e o f w a g e tr e n d s a ft e r
e lim in a tio n of chan ges in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s c a u s e d b y e m p lo y m e n t sh ifts
am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts as w e ll as tu r n o v e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts in c lu d e d in
s u r v e y s a m p le s .
F o r fu r th e r d e t a ils , s e e a p p en d ix A .

E a c h y e a r a f t e r a ll in d iv id u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s h a ve b e en c o m ­
p le te d , tw o s u m m a r y b u lle tin s a r e is s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b rin g s to g e th e r data
f o r each m e t r o p o lita n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; the s e co n d p re s e n ts n a tion al and r e ­
g io n a l e s tim a te s , p r o je c t e d f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o lita n a r e a d ata, fo r a ll
Stan d ard M e tr o p o lita n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a s in the U n ite d S ta te s , e x c lu d in g A la s k a
and H a w a ii.

T a b le s A - 8 and A - 9 p r o v id e f o r th e f i r s t tim e m e a s u r e s o f a v e r a g e
p ay r e la tio n s h ip s w ith in e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
T h e s e m e a s u r e s m a y d i f fe r c o n s id ­
e r a b ly f r o m the pay r e la tio n s h ip s o f o v e r a l l a v e r a g e s p u b lish ed in ta b le s
A - l th rou gh A - 6 .
S ee ap pendix A f o r d e ta ils .

A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is th e n eed
to d e s c r ib e the l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r ie t y o f la b o r m a r k e ts ,
th ro u gh the a n a ly s is o f (1 ) th e l e v e l and d is tr ib u tio n o f w a g e s by o c c u p a tio n ,
and (2 ) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s by o c c u p a tio n a l c a t e g o r y and s k ill le v e l.
T h e p r o g r a m d e v e lo p s in fo r m a tio n that m a y be u sed f o r m an y p u r p o s e s ,
in clu d in g w a g e and s a la r y a d m in is tr a tio n , c o lle c t iv e b a r g a in in g , and a s ­
s is ta n c e in d e te r m in in g plan t lo c a tio n .
S u r v e y r e s u lts a ls o a r e u s e d b y the
U.S. D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r to m a k e w a g e d e te rm in a tio n s under th e S e r v ic e
C o n tra c t A c t o f 1965.

B - s e r i e s ta b le s
T h e B - s e r ie s ta b le s p r e s e n t in fo r m a tio n on m in im u m e n tra n c e
s a la r ie s f o r in e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts and c le r k s ; la t e - s h if t p ay p r o v is io n s and
p r a c t ic e s fo r p ro d u c tio n and r e la t e d w o r k e r s in m a n u fa c tu rin g ; and data
s e p a r a t e ly fo r p ro d u ction and r e la t e d w o r k e r s and o f f i c e w o r k e r s on s c h e d ­
u le d w e e k ly hours and days o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s ; p aid h o lid a y s ; p aid v a c a ­
tio n s ; h ea lth , in s u ra n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s ; and m o r e d e ta ile d in fo r m a tio n
on l i f e in s u ra n ce plans.

A - s e r i e s ta b le s
A p p e n d ix e s
T a b le s A - l th ro u g h A - 6 p r o v id e e s tim a te s of s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly
o r h o u rly e a r n in g s f o r w o r k e r s in occ u p a tio n s c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y o f
m a n u fa c tu rin g and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s .
T h e occ u p a tio n s a r e d e fin e d
in ap p en d ix B.
F o r th e 31 la r g e s t s u r v e y a r e a s , ta b le s A - 1 0 th ro u gh A -1 5
p r o v id e s im ila r data f o r e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e .

A p p e n d ix A d e s c r ib e s the m eth od s and c o n c e p ts u sed in the a r e a
w a ge s u rve y p ro gra m .
It p r o v id e s in fo r m a tio n on th e s c o p e o f the a r e a
s u r v e y , the a r e a 's in d u s tr ia l c o m p o s itio n in m a n u fa c tu rin g , and l a b o r m anagem en t a greem en t co v e ra ge .

T a b le A - 7 p r o v id e s p e r c e n t c h an ges in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f
o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s , e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g w o r k e r s , in d u s tr ia l
n u rs e s , s k ille d m a in te n a n c e tr a d e s w o r k e r s , and u n s k ille d p lan t w o r k e r s .




A p p en d ix B p r o v id e s jo b d e s c r ip tio n s u s e d b y B u re a u f i e l d
s e n ta tiv e s to c la s s ify w o r k e r s b y oc c u p a tio n .

2

rep re­

Earnings: All establishments
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers, Detroit, Mich., March 1979
^^^eekl^arnings^^™
( standard)
Number

Occupation and industry division
w
orkers

N um ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g stra ig h t-tim e w eek ly earn in gs of—

s
weekly
hour*1
(standard

s

Mean2

M«diuia

Middle range2

*

s

<

%

S
S
2*0
220

120

S

s

S

%

380

*0 0

260

280

300

320

3*0

360

380

<00

*20

518
121
397
7

751
199
552
37

692
324
368
95

692
370
322
1*9

7*1
«*1
300
15*

620
*28
192
36

760
4*4
316
79

898
551
3*7
**

88*
698
186
20

*0 3
351
52
*

15*
122
32
*

181
168
13
-

15
1*
1
“

71
70
1
"

20
1*
6

56
23
33
*

42
14
28
*

25
25
12

66
35
31
2

*8
22
26
4

*«
20
2*
21

2*
13
11
9

17
14
3
3

3*
29
5
-

39
29
10
*

52
*3
9
-

15
1*
1

71
70
1
-

31
12
19

61
5
56
*

218
49
169
10

106
19
87
1*

88
48
*0
10

167
68
99
73

8*
31
53
17

81
65
16
8

219
87
132
3

172
116
56
17

3 59
317
*2
2

110
88
22
-

126
122
«
-

_

_

-

-

195
18
177
-

333
27
306
6

205
31
17*
-

1*9
*6
103
2

163
8*
79
4

295
210
85
12

268
211
57
8

355
311
<«

517
330
187
6

5*7
*12
135
6

689
565
12*
-

5
3
2
2

*
*
-

2
2
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

3
3
-

2
2
-

1
1
-

1
1
-

_
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

1*0

160

180

200

220

2*0

2
2
“

57
4
53

305
19
286
~

*57
35
*22
8

629
78
551
2*

-

-

11

_

-

-

9
9
-

-

8

20
20
“

13
13
“

87
4
83
-

SECRETARIES* CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------

573
3*0
233
59

39 .5 356.00 3 *5 .0 0 2 8 6 .0 0 -4 3 7 .0 0
*5
* 0 .0 391.00 404.50 3 1 9 .0 0 — 7 .5 0
3 9 .0 304.50 301.00 2 6 0 .0 0 - 3 * 5 .0 0
2 9 4 .5 0 -3 6 6 .0 0
3 9 .0 3 *1 .0 0 3 *5 .0 0

_
“

_

SECRETARIES. CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S — ---------

1 .8 63
1.027
836
158

39 .0 3 *6 .0 0
* 0 .0 379.00
3 8 .0 305.50
3 8 .5 318.00

367.50
*0 1 .5 0
3 0 *.0 0
315.00

2 8 2 .5 0 -4 0 8 .5 0
3 * 7 .0 0 - 4 1 5 .5 0
2 5 0 .5 0 -3 6 9 .5 0
3 0 4 .0 0 -3 3 1 .5 0

-

-

“

“

SECRETARIES* CLASS C ----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------

3.8 29
2.2 62
1.567
*6

3 9 .5 311.50 333.00
* 0 .0 3 *1 .0 0 351.50
3 8 .5 269.00 2 *6 .5 0
* 0 .0 303.50 289.00

2 5 5 .0 0 -3 7 1 .0 0
3 1 4 .5 0 -3 8 1 .0 0
2 0 7 .0 0 -3 4 5 .0 0
2 7 8 .0 0 -3 5 6 .5 0

_

-

-

-

2
-

13
4
9
-

SECRETARIES* CLASS 0 ----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURIN6 -------------------

2.0 70
7*1
1.3 29

3 9 .5 266 .00 269.00 2 2 3 .0 0 -3 0 0 .5 0
* 0 .0 281.50 277.00 2 5 7 .0 0 -3 1 1 .5 0
3 9 .0 257.50 258.50 2 1 3 .0 0 -2 9 3 .5 0

-

_
-

-

1*
1*

9*
1*
80

140
17
123

228
36
192

158
56
102

279
78
201

35*
202
152

2*9
96
153

21*
103
111

126
6*
62

10*
29
75

103
39
6*

SECRETARIES. CLASS E ----------NONMAN U F A C TU R IN G ------------------

*37
387

3 9 .0 218.00 203.00 1 8 0 .0 0 - 2 * 6 .5 0
39 .0 210.00 194.50 1 7 8 .0 0 -2 3 3 .5 0

_

_

_

-

-

-

21
21

9*
94

96
96

33
33

67
53

46
**

24
20

16
10

2*
~

3
3

11
11

2
2

STENOGRAPHERS --------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------

1.938
8*6
1.0 92
236

39. 0
* 0 .0
3 8 .5
* 0 .0

2 2 9 .0 0 -3 2 4 .5 0
2 * 2 .0 0 - 2 9 5 .5 0
2 0 0 .0 0 -3 2 9 .5 0
2 5 6 .5 0 -3 2 7 .5 0

-

2
2
-

10
10
-

50
50
-

in
i*
97
4

170
57
113
3

89
19
70
12

201
115
86
21

250
171
79
25

17*
136
38
22

216
1*5
71
33

136
86
50
3*

*27
**
38 3
76

102
59
*3
6

_
-

STENOGRAPHERS. SENIOR --------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

1.287
662

38 .5 284.50 290.50 2 5 1 .5 0 -3 2 9 .5 0
37. 5 288.50 327.50 2 4 4 .0 0 -3 3 1 .5 0

-

-

_

-

-

11
11

*5
*5

57
*1

38
3*

116
29

119
3*

15*
27

176
*5

98
20

377
339

96
37

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL -----MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------

651
221
*30
151

39 .5 231.00 232.00 1 8 9 .0 0 -2 5 6 .0 0
4 0 .0 237.00 2 *4 .5 0 2 0 3 .0 0 -2 5 4 .0 0
3 9 .5 228.00 220.00 1 8 0 .0 0 -2 7 4 .0 0
* 0 .0 289.00 308.50 2 4 9 .5 0 -3 3 0 .0 0

_
-

2
2
-

10
10
-

39
39
-

66
1*
52
4

113
41
72
3

51
15
36
8

85
28
57
18

131
86
*5
10

20
9
11
4

*0
1*
26
25

38
8
30
30

50
6
**
*3

6
6
6

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE TYPIS TS
NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

227
217

39 .0 188.50 173.00 1 5 8 .5 0 -2 1 3 .5 0
3 9 .0 184.00 173.00 1 5 8 .5 0 -2 0 0 .0 0

_

_

-

-

4
4

60
60

51
51

*6
*6

26
26

13
13

5
5

1
1

17
8

1
1

-

3
2

TYP IST S -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------

2 .7 79
480
2.2 99
392

8

31
31
“

339
8
331
-

642
6*2
-

520
79
4*1
*6

312
31
281
10*

172
23
1*9
91

137
56
81
59

111
66
*5
27

89
67
22
9

58
48
10
7

58
26
32
19

266
*2
22*
30

T Y P I S T S . CLASS A ---------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------

966
252
71*
169

8
a

-

71
71

110
4
106
2

98
4
9*
8

72
4
68
**

75
21
5*
32

67
39
28
21

77
55
22
9

51
42
9
6

49
20
29
17

26 0
36
224
30

3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .0
39. 5

252.50
285.00
2 * 1 .0 0
254 .50

252.00
280.00
222.50
237.50

1 9 6 .0 0 -3 2 1 .5 0
2 5 1 .5 0 -3 1 9 .0 0
1 7 7 .5 0 -3 2 1 .5 0
2 1 6 .0 0 -3 1 3 .0 0

8
•

-

“

2

S ee footn otes at end o f ta b les.




4*0

and
under

$
$
$
$
39 .5 306.50 307.00 2 4 8 .5 0 -3 6 8 .0 0
* 0 .0 3 *2 .5 0 3 *9 .0 0 2 9 8 .5 0 -3 8 1 .5 0
38 .5 269.50 259.00 2 1 3 .0 0 -3 2 6 .0 0
38 .5 304 .00 300.50 2 7 8 .5 0 -3 3 3 .5 0

1 4 9 .5 0 -2 2 7 .0 0
2 0 7 .0 0 -2 8 6 .5 0
1 * 7 .5 0 - 1 9 8 .0 0
1 9 0 .0 0 -2 3 3 .5 0

*20

*60

*80

360

8 .8 30
A . *37
* .3 9 3
661

3 9.0 196.50 175.00
3 9.5 250.50 2 *8 .0 0
3 8 .5 185.50 165.00
3 9 .5 220.50 209.00

<

3*0

200

SECRETARIES -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------N0NNANUFACTURIN6 ------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------

269.00
269.00
281.00
298.50

<

*

<

320

180

130

266 .50
268.50
2 6 *.5 0
288.50

s

300

160

8

%

$
280

1*0

-

Under

s

<
260

130

120

3

11
“

_

_
-

_
-

-

-

_
-

-

_

-

"

-

"

_

_

_

_

-

_
-

500

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

20
18
2
-

6
6
-

10
10
-

-

-

-

-

-

12
11
1

6
6
-

10
10
-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers, Detroit, Mich., March 1979— Continued
Weekly earning,
Number
of
woiken

Average
weekly
hour*1
(standard

N u m ber o f w o rk e rs re c e iv in g stra ig h t-tim e w eek ly earnings of—

s

s

<

s

t

s

S

*

<
A
260
280

130

1*0

160

180

200

220

2*0

130

Occupation and industry division

1*0

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

571

120
Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

Under
120

*

s

«

*

%

300

320

3*0

360

380

300

320

3*0

360

380

400

s
s
*
$
S
*60
*80
4*0
*00
*20

and
under
4 20

440

*60

*80

500

TYPISTS - CONTINUED
$
$
$
$
167 .00 157.00 1 * 4 .0 0 - 1 8 0 .0 0
212 .50 207 .50 1 6 5 .0 0 - 2 * 2 .0 0
1 60 .50 154.50 1 * 0 .0 0 - 1 7 8 .0 0

8
8

23
23

339
8
331

571

• 10
75
335

21*
27
187

100
19
81

62
35
27

4*
27
17

12
12
-

7
6
1

9
6
3

6
6
-

8
7
1

154 .50 1 * 0 .0 0 1 2 4 .0 0 -1 7 0 .0 0
275 .00 287.00 2 1 5 .5 0 -3 3 0 .0 0
150 .00 140.00 1 2 3 .5 0 -1 6 5 .0 0

*283
283

333
333

213
213

382
2
380

163
163

26
4
22

257
10
2*7

9
3
6

6
i
5

3
3
-

10
10
“

6
2
4

29
23
6

1
1

1 3 8 .0 0 -1 7 9 .0 0
1 3 7 .5 0 -1 7 0 .0 0

36
36

27
27

32
32

100
100

108
108

8
8

17
11

3
-

1

3
“

10
-

4
2

26
3

_

132.50 1 2 0 .0 0 -1 5 4 .0 0
132.00 1 2 0 .0 0 - 1 5 * .0 0

2*7
2*7

306
306

181
181

27*
272

39
39

16
12

236
236

3
3

-

-

-

_

_

-

“

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

179 .00 161.00 1 * 1 .0 0 - 1 8 5 .5 0
214 .50 179.00 1 6 1 .5 0 -2 7 6 .0 0
165.50 155.50 1 3 2 .0 0 -1 7 5 .0 0

20
20

15
5
10

71
71

100
12
88

96
*6
50

3*
7
27

18
8
10

23
23

1
1
-

11
10
1

11
7
4

12
6
6

2*
16
8

_
~

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

~

631
14*
*87
52

3 9 .5 210 .00 180.00 1 5 4 .0 0 -2 6 3 .5 0
< 0 .0 2 97 .00 314.50 2 6 4 .0 0 - 3 * 0 .0 0
3 9 .5 184 .00 173.00 1 5 2 .5 0 -1 8 7 .0 0
4 0 .0 256 .00 276.50 1 8 5 .0 0 -3 0 2 .0 0

2
2
~

2
2
-

4

183
2
181
“

83
3
80
13

1*5
7
138
2

18
3
15
3

26
15
11
3

8
4
4
2

17
12
5
5

16
10
6
5

38
23
15
15

50
37
13
-

21
12
9
4

18
16
2
"

_
-

_
-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------ --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------

989
3*6
6*3
37

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

186.00 174 .00 1 6 1 .0 0 -1 9 9 .0 0
188 .50 181.50 1 6 7 .0 0 -2 0 6 .0 0
185 .00 174.00 1 6 0 .0 0 -1 9 6 .0 0
2 * 9 .5 0 210.00 1 7 2 .5 0 - 3 * 0 .5 0

12
9
3
“

_
-

16
18

132
36
96
-

360
112
2*8
1*

221
86
135
“

71
*1
30
7

113
3*
79

25
9
16

15
1*
1
1

2
1
1
“

4

1
1
-

_
-

-

-

~

15
2
13
12

-

-

-

ORDER CLERKS -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

< 0 .0
4 0 .0
* 0 .0

239 .50 230 .00 1 8 0 .5 0 -2 7 0 .5 0
2 * 3 .5 0 232.50 1 7 9 .0 0 -3 0 0 .5 0
2 38 .50 230.00 2 1 2 .5 0 -2 6 6 .0 0

7
7

1
1

14

11*

1*

114

135
98
37

95
95

33
28
5

*7 2
82
390

131
78
18
1
130 A 60

*5
13
32

102
31
71

58
4
5*

53
*2
11

56
7
*9

11
1
10

2
2

_
-

-

NONMANUFACTURING-------------------------

1 **0 8
326
1*082

ORDER CLERKS* CLASS A -----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

*35
173
262

* 0 .0
* 0 .0
< 0 .0

306.00 308.00 2 6 6 .0 0 -3 4 4 .0 0
2 85 .00 292.00 2 3 6 .0 0 -3 4 1 .5 0
3 19 .50 308.00 2 9 0 .0 0 -3 4 4 .5 0

-

-

-

-

_

-

51
51

*9
18
31

*2
11
31

101
30
71

56
4
52

50
39
11

5*
5
*9

10
10

2
2

_
-

_
-

“

19
1*
5

-

-

ORDER CLERKS* CLASS B -----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

973
153
820

4 0 .0
* 0 .0
* 0 .0

210.00 227.00 1 7 9 .0 0 -2 3 0 .0 0
196.50 179.00 1 6 5 .0 0 -2 2 7 .0 0
212 .50 230.00 1 8 0 .0 0 -2 3 2 .5 0

7
7

1
1

1*
1*

1*
1*

*21
31
390

131
1
130

29

1
1
-

2

2
2
-

1
1
-

_
~

-

-

_

2

3
3
-

_
-

29

3
2
1

-

-

-

-

ACCOUNTING CLERKS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------

6 .1 1 2
1.8 59
* .2 5 3
399

3 9 .5 2 11 .00 190.00 1 7 0 .0 0 - 2 * 2 .0 0
3 9 .5 258 .50 242.00 1 9 5 .0 0 -3 1 7 .5 0
3 9 .0 1 90 .50 180.00 1 6 0 .0 0 -2 0 7 .0 0
3 8 .5 256 .5 0 258.50 2 3 5 .0 0 -2 6 5 .0 0

17
17
-

116
116
-

216

616
231
385
20

421
1*8
27 3
25

*20
152
268
97

295
111
18*
129

90
76
1*
2

165
151
1*
7

130
89
*1
18

153
105
48
38

119
110
9
1

97
88
9
-

56
36
20

31
22
9
-

1
1
-

_

_

_
_

-

-

_
-

ACCOUNTING CLERKS* CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING---------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------

2 **1 6
1*068
1 *3 *8
218

3 9 .5
* 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

255 .0 0
295 .00
223 .50
264 .00

231.00 1 9 5 .0 0 -3 1 0 .0 0
306.50 2 3 1 .0 0 -3 5 6 .0 0
210.50 1 8 4 .0 0 -2 5 0 .5 0
265 .00 2 * 9 .5 0 - 2 7 2 .0 0

“

-

1
1
“

38
1
37
2

302
3*
268
7

337
112
225
9

304
88
216
12

260
73
187
15

168
5*
11*
16

266
91
175
123

60
53
7
1

1*9
139
10
3

100
70
30
8

131
100
31
21

118
109
9
1

9*
85
9

56
36
20
-

31
22
9

1
1
-

_
_
-

_
_
_

ACCOUNTING CLERKS* CLASS B -----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

3 .6 96
791
2 .9 05

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

182 .50 177.00 1 5 7 .0 0 -1 9 8 .0 0
209.50 200.00 1 8 0 .0 0 -2 2 8 .0 0
175 .00 171.00 1 5 2 .0 0 -1 8 5 .0 0

17
17

116
116

215
215

630
36
59*

9*2
161
781

920
195
725

312
1*3
169

161
75
86

252
98
15*

29
20
9

30
23
7

16
12
4

30
19
11

22
5
17

1
1

3
3

_
-

_

_

-

-

1*813
228
1*585

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

F IL E CLERKS ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

1*721
58
1 .6 63

3 8 .5
* 0 .0

F IL E CLERKS* CLASS B -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

375
327

F ILE CLERKS* CLASS C -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

1*305
1 .2 99

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 * 7 .5 0
1 * 7 .5 0

MESSENGERS -----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONHA NUF AC TURING ---------------------------------

*36
118
318

3 9 .0
* 0 .0
3 8 .5

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------

*

IT
0
0
fA

TYPISTS* CLASS B ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

3 9 .5 172 .5 0 159 .00
3 9 .0 1 55 .00 154.00

*
-

216

W ork ers w e r e at $110 to $120.

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




4

114
114

135
98
37

95
95

668 1244 1257
37
307
195
950
631 10*9
19
*1
2

“

i

3
3

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

"

_

_

_

_
-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_
-

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

_

_
_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_
_

_
-

-

-

_
_
_

_
_
_

-

-

-

_
_
-

-

_

_
-

1
1
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
-

_

-

1
1
-

_

-

-

-

_
_

_
_

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers, Detroit, Mich., March 1979— Continued
"""w e A ly ^ a r a in g s ^ ™
(standard)
Number

Occupation and industry division
worker*

N u m ber of w o rk ers
*

%
w eekly
hours1
(standard

120
M ean 2

M e d ia n 2

M id dle range 2

U n der
S

PAYROLL CLERKS -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------

917
909
508
79

3 9 .5
9 0 .0
3 9 .0
38. 5

$
238.50
272.50
211.00
305.50

$
220.00
290.50
193.00
337.00

$
$
1 8 9 .0 0 -2 6 8 .0 0
2 1 8 .5 0 -3 1 7 .5 0
1 7 7 .0 0 -2 9 9 .5 0
2 5 8 .5 0 -3 9 8 .5 0

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

9.6 50
858
3 .7 92
329

3 9 .5
9 0 .0
39. 5
39. 5

210 .00
271.00
196.50
270.50

190.00
277.00
189.00
319.50

1 6 0 .0 0 -2 3 7 .5 0
2 0 5 .5 0 -3 3 5 .5 0
1 5 7 .0 0 -2 1 6 .0 0
2 2 1 .5 0 -3 1 5 .5 0

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS A --------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

1.500
373
1.127
152

3 9 .5
9 0 .0
3 9 .5
9 0 .0

299.00
290.50
228.50
301.50

216.00
297.50
208.50
319.50

1 9 0 .0 0 -3 1 9 .5 0
2 3 9 .5 0 -3 5 2 .0 0
1 8 8 .0 0 -2 9 7 .0 0
3 1 9 .5 0 -3 1 9 .5 0

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS B --------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURINE ----------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------

3.1 50
985
2.6 65
177

39. 5
9 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

199.00
256.00
183.00
299.50

176.00
268.50
166. 50
292.00

1 5 9 .0 0 -2 1 8 .0 0
1 9 2 .0 0 -3 1 7 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0 -1 9 2 .0 0
1 7 6 .5 0 -3 1 5 .5 0

42

s

S

S

o f-

%

s

$

%

s

*

*

*

%

s

S

130

190

160

180

200

220

290

260

280

300

320

390

360

380

9 00

920

990

960

980

190

160

180

200

220

290

260

280

300

320

390

360

380

900

9 20

990

960

980

500

-

59
2
57

109
39
70

179
8
166
1

85
55
30
9

193
98
95

98
18
30

37
35
2

27
26
1
1

31
17
19
19

32
10
22
22

20
16
4
9

13
13

8
7
1

22
22

-

16
19
2
1

-

_

_

-

-

7

2

-

-

-

7

2

-

-

-

92

198

189

-

89
29
55
20

786
100
686
32

891
56
785
13

515
99
921
20

339
27
312
23

199
80
119
50

86
72
19
9

121
83
38
1

201
69
137
113

172
68
109
22

271
129
197
37

95
76
19

_

-

-

-

-

-

299
27
267
6

339
50
284

78
91
37
16

92
33
9
-

39
20
19
-

122
29
93
79

130
93
87
15

79
37
42
22

95
76
19
-

-

_

-

-

-

-

*

6

120
16
104
8

-

-

172
1
171
-

-

“

650
19
636
19

619
99
515
32

597
29
518
7

181
99
137
19

219
11
208
15

116
39
77
39

99
39
5
9

87
63
29
1

79
35
99
39

92
25
17
7

192
87
105
15

_

_

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

650
19
636
19

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

92

-

198

198

189

-

189

-

-

-

42

198

189

S ee footn otes at end o f ta b les.




%

and

130

--------------------------------

s

s

u n der

120

NONMANUFACTURING

s t r a i g h t - t i m e v w e e k ly e a r n i n g s

r e c e iv in g

%

5

-

-

7

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers, Detroit, Mich., March 1979
N um ber o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g stra ig h t-tim e w eek ly earn in gs o f—
um
lv*.
wodcen

(standard

Occupation and industry division

s

s

Average
weekly

120
Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

and
under

s
140

s

S
160

180

s

*
200

220

240

s
S
s
*
s
%
s
%
S
S
s
s
$
*
640
680
600
560
340
480
5 20
360
4 00
4 40
260
280
320
300

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BUSINESS) ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURIN6 -----------------------------------------NONNA NUF AC T U R I N G -----------------------------------

2 .5 2 9
1 .4 8 3
1 .0 4 6

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ! . CLASS A ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

772
316
456

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BUSINESS)* CLASS B ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

$
3 9 .5 4 8 1 .5 0
4 0 .0 4 97 .00
3 9 .0 4 5 9 .5 0

$
$
$
4 90 .00 4 0 9 .5 0 -5 5 1 .0 0
505 .50 4 3 0 .0 0 -5 6 1 .0 0
4 61 .50 3 8 5 .0 0 -5 5 1 .0 0

381
140

508 .50
527 .00
4 24 .50
4 19 .00

4 0 0 .5 0 -5 6 1 .0 0
4 5 1 .5 0 -5 7 0 .5 0
3 9 4 .0 0 -5 4 3 .0 0
3 9 7 .5 0 -4 3 3 .5 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BUSINESS)* CLASS C ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

597
390
207

3 9 .5 4 2 7 .0 0 435 .50
4 0 .0 4 58 .50 468 .00
3 9 .0 3 6 7 .0 0 345 .50

3 5 0 .0 0 -4 9 7 .5 0
4 2 4 .0 0 -5 0 8 .5 0
3 1 0 .5 0 -3 9 6 .0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS) -----MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING----------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

1 .9 5 3
1.0 74
879
47

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSI NESS)*
CLASS A --------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

777

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360.

400

4 40

480

520

5 60

600

640

680

720

-

“

-

“

“

"

3
3

27
8
19

39
12
27

69
23
46

64
17
47

90
36
54

273
144
129

311
167
144

296
184
112

374
255
119

452
265
187

306
218
88

145
94
51

68
52
16

12
8
4

6

11
2
9

57
29
28

107
58
49

96
25
71

118
37
81

151
25
1 26

77
32
45

69
48
21

68
52
16

12

6

"

3 9 .0 5 1 6 .5 0 512 .00 4 4 2 .5 0 -5 7 2 .0 0
4 0 .0 5 3 2 .0 0 5 42 .50 4 3 1 .0 0 -6 2 0 .0 0
3 8 .5 5 0 5 .5 0 501 .00 4 5 6 .5 0 -5 5 1 .0 0

4 0 .0 4 8 6 .5 0
4 0 .0 5 0 1 .5 0
3 9 .5 4 5 5 .5 0
3 8 .5 4 2 1 .0 0

1 .1 58

-

140

3 74 .50
4 0 6 .0 0
3 3 5 .5 0
3 29 .50

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

14
4
10

15
5
10

15
4
ii

24
17
7
2

44
30
14
6

177
106
71
38

97
14
83
63

101
71
30
20

144
119
25
5

2 34
1 82
52
6

217
179
38
~

76
46
30
“

_
-

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

13
4
9

24
7
17

52
19
33

34
34

35
4
31

39
9
30

107
95
12

99
88
11

112
99
13

67
58
9

12
7
5

_

-

_
-

_
-

-

_

_
-

_
-

17
17
“

5
2
3
“

138
6
132
”

102
6
96
2

120
45
75
4

135
79
56
14

74
36
38
3

122
55
67
3

101
48
53
5

335
231
104
15

287
190
97
1

259
183
76
~

144
111
33
~

86
60
26
~

26
21
5
"

2
1
1
~

-

“

_

_

_

_

_

“

“

“

11
5

6
6

8
7

14
9

48
28

97
25

167
37

114
14

75
21

26
5

2
1

_

“

5
“

_

”

~

“

14
14

79
6
73

62
62

72
25
47

81
51
30

47
26
21

61
19
42

47
24
23

177
124
53

143
93
50

71
43
28

29
10
19

10
6
4

_

_

-

57
57

35
1
34

48
20
28

43
22
21

21
10
11

53
35
18

40
19
21

110
87
23

47
25
22

21
10
11

1
1

i
i

“

573
158

4 0 .0 4 5 9 .0 0 4 61 .50 4 2 4 .0 0 -5 0 3 .5 0
4 0 .0 4 3 3 .0 0 4 38 .00 3 7 5 .0 0 -4 8 7 .0 0

~

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S I N E S S ) •
CLASS B --------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

893
427
466

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

347 .0 0 355.00
374 .5 0 384.00
3 2 1 .5 0 306 .50

2 7 9 .0 0 -4 0 9 .5 0
3 1 3 .5 0 -4 1 8 .0 0
2 4 9 .5 0 -3 8 4 .0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS)*
CLASS C --------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

485
232
253

4 0 .0 3 2 5 .5 0 331.00
4 0 .0 3 51 .50 3 60 .50
4 0 .0 301 .5 0 280 .00

2 6 9 .0 0 -3 6 9 .5 0
3 2 1 .0 0 -3 7 7 .5 0
2 4 0 .0 0 -3 5 4 .5 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONNA NUF AC T U R I N G ----------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

1.981
949
1.0 32
151

3 9 .5 3 01 .00 284.00 2 2 0 .0 0 -3 8 1 .5 0
4 0 .0 3 50 .50 366.00 2 8 1 .0 0 -4 1 5 .5 0
3 9 .5 2 55 .50 236 .50 2 0 2 .5 0 -2 9 1 .5 0
3 9 .5 2 76 .00 258.50 2 4 6 .0 0 -3 2 9 .0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS* CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

333
177
156

COMPUTER OPERATORS* CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING----------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

991
431
560
61

_
_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_
-

_
-

3

5
2
3

21
21

24
24
*

98
14
84
7

57
10
47
1

286
47
239
8

203
77
126
14

153
11
142
49

110
63
47
10

106
50
56
17

79
52
27
5

119
59
60
21

96
69
27
9

244
178
66
9

201
168
33

165
134
31
1

19
17
2
“

_
-

39. 5 3 47 .50 333 .50 2 8 0 .0 0 -4 2 2 .0 0
4 0 .0 3 8 4 .5 0 399.00 3 2 2 .0 0 -4 5 2 .5 0
3 9 .0 3 05 .00 305.00 2 4 8 .5 0 -3 3 3 .5 0

_
-

_

-

~

_
-

-

21
2
19

13
11
2

27
2
25

16
4
12

36
20
16

19
5
14

40
10
30

25
7
18

34
28
6

34
32
2

49
39
10

19
17
2

3 9 .5 2 9 3 .5 0 258 .50 2 1 4 .0 0 -3 8 2 .5 0
4 0 .0 3 51 .50 378 .50 2 7 0 .0 0 -4 1 5 .0 0
3 9 .5 248 .50 222 .00 2 0 2 .0 0 -2 7 5 .0 0
4 0 .0 2 85 .00 280 .00 2 3 7 .0 0 -3 3 3 .0 0

_
-

5
5

49
49

17
17

207
39
168
6

156
56
100
12

68
5
63
4

36
13.
23
7

29
4
25
7

25
12
13
1

47
22
25
17

28
24
4
i

142
100
42
6

112
96
16

70
60
10

-

-

3

-

See footnotes at end o f ta b les.




a
4

_

375 .00 2 9 3 .5 0 -4 4 5 .0 0
4 05 .00 3 5 5 .5 0 -4 6 0 .0 0
325.00 2 5 2 .0 0 -4 0 6 .5 0
3 20 .50 2 8 9 .0 0 -3 7 5 .0 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
39. 5
4 0 .0

-

6

“

_
-

“

~

_

_

_

-

“

_
-

-

-

_
-

“
-

-

-

“

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers, Detroit, Mich., March 1979— Continued
Num ber o f w o rk ers re c e iv in g stra ig h t-tim e w eek ly earn in gs o f—
umb«i

Average
weekly
hours1

s

s

%

s

s

s

s

s

s

%

S

S

s

s

S

*

s

s
1 ---- %
S
660
680
560
600

COMPUTER OPERATORS -

workers

160

160

180

200

220

260

260

280

300

320

360

360

600

660

680

520

160

Occupation and ind ustry division

160

180

200

220

260

260

280

300

320

360

360

600

660

680

520

560

600

640

680

720

21

19
19

69
16
35

60
10
30

58
«
52

36
10
26

58
6
56

58
66
12

61
26
15

35
35
“

32
27
5

63
38
5

68
50
18

55
60
15

66
35
11

-

-

-

-

-

-

120
Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

and
under

CONTINUED

COMPUTER OPERATORS* CLASS C ----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

657
361
316

$
$
$
$
39. 5 289.00 277.50 2 1 3 .0 0 -3 6 2 .5 0
6 0 .0 332.50 336.00 2 7 7 .5 0 -3 9 0 .5 0
3 9 .5 262.00 222.00 1 8 0 .0 0 -2 6 6 .0 0

21

-

COMPUTER DATA LIBRARIANS -----------------------

99

3 9 .0 266.00

265.00 2 3 3 .5 0 - 2 6 5 .0 0

-

5

-

2

7

23

10

32

2

6

1

1

5

6

1

-

-

-

-

-

DRAFTERS -------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMA NUF AC TURI N6 -----------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------

6 .0 75
A . 655
1.620
63

6 0 .0 388.50
6 0 .0 616.50
6 0 .0 303.00
6 0 .0 366.00

396.00
619.50
318.00
336.00

3 1 1 .5 0 -6 8 0 .0 0
3 6 0 .0 0 -6 9 7 .5 0
1 9 0 .0 0 -3 9 0 .0 0
3 2 1 .0 0 -6 2 6 .0 0

89
89

67
16
53
-

72

262
88
176

116
67
69
~

221
118
103

160
122
38
1

179
135
66
“

206
193
13

255
191
66
13

300
209
91
20

316
216
102
3

867
669
178
6

789
702
87
6

665
515
130
16

596
525
69

602
5 58
44
“

355
355
-

-

-

-

DRAFTERS* CLASS A -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

2.6 69
2 .2 13
656

6 0 .0 683 .00 690.50 6 3 7 .0 0 -5 6 1 .5 0
6 0 .0 695 .50 506.50 6 6 7 .5 0 -5 6 8 .5 0
60. 0 622.00 635.00 3 5 9 .5 0 -6 7 2 .0 0

-

_

“

“

_

-

_
“

_

-

_
“

“

11
9
2

7
6
3

66
7
57

66
10
56

210
137
73

338
300
38

661
367
116

555
686
69

602
558
66

355
355
-

-

“

-

DRAFTERS* CLASS B -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

1.6 95
1.172
323

6 0 .0 376.00 385.00 3 6 0 .0 0 -6 1 7 .5 0
6 0 .0 387.00 392.00 3 6 0 .0 0 -6 2 7 .0 0
6 0 .0 336.00 336.00 2 8 0 .5 0 -3 9 0 .0 0

-

_

_
-

-

3

35

100
60
60

102
68
36

86
60
26

631
359
72

395
366
69

179
163
16

-

_
-

“

-

35

25
18
7

-

3

83
65
38

39
39

“

19
16
5

DRAFTERS. CLASS C -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

1 .2 13
910
303

6 0 .0 292.00 299.50 2 3 8 .0 0 -3 5 6 .0 0
6 0 .0 308.50 319.50 2 6 0 .0 0 -3 6 0 .5 0
6 0 .0 263.50 226.50 1 9 0 .0 0 -2 9 5 .0 0

~

1
1

23
23

131
62
89

63
28
15

171
115
56

117
86
33

52
66
6

70
66
6

99
78
21

87
87
-

155
133
22

203
170
33

56
56

5
5

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

DRAFTERS. CLASS D -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

396
302

6 0 .0 259.50 283.00 1 9 2 .0 0 -3 0 6 .0 0
60. 0 282.50 293.50 2 7 0 .0 0 -3 1 6 .0 0

_

10
-

9
~

91
46

16

15
3

7
7

66
66

92
92

69
69

67
67

11
11

3
3

-

“

“

-

-

-

DRAFTERS. CLASS E -----------------------------------

306

6 0 .0

2
169.50 160.00 1 3 0 .0 0 — 0 0 .0 0

89

56

60

60

56

-

17

-

8

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS -------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

199
157

6 0 .0 388.00 606.00 3 5 6 .5 0 -6 2 0 .0 0
6 0 .0 607 .50 608.00 3 8 6 .0 0 -6 2 0 .0 0

_

_

_

_

_

-

5

12

5

-

1

61
28

21
19

88
86

25
25

1
1

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS. CLASS A -

55

6 0 .0 617 .50 620.00 6 0 0 .0 0 -6 2 0 .0 0

ELECTRONICS TEC HNIC IANS . CLASS B MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

107
75

6 0 .0 366 .00 356.00 3 6 0 .0 0 -6 1 3 .0 0
6 0 .0 396.50 386.00 3 5 6 .0 0 -6 2 8 .0 0

-

REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSES -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

516
670

6 0 .0
6 0 .0

372.50 380.50 3 6 1 .0 0 -6 2 0 .5 0
376.00 386.50 3 6 1 .0 0 -6 2 1 .0 0

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

72
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

-

-

-

-

1
_

_

_

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




-

-

7

_

2
2

-

-

-

5
19
13

12
28
26

5
26
22

-

17
17

3

2

37

11

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

38
28

19
19

16
16

16
16

_

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

72
62

135
117

117
113

71
68

_

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

31
30

~

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
Detroit, Mich., March 1979
A w n ««
(mean')
O ccupation, s e x ,3 and in du stry d iv is io n
(standard

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS f il e

Wedtly
earning*1
(standard)

HEN

Averaae
(mean')
O ccupation, s e x ,3 and indu stry d iv is io n

Weekly
Weekly
hours1 earnings1
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
UOHEN— CONTINUED

Avenie
( mean*)

Occupation, s e x .3 and in du stry d iv is io n

Number
of
w
orkers

Weekly
Weekly
earning*1
hours*
standard) (itandard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS UOHEN— CONTINUED

clerks:

NONHANUFACTURINE -----------------------

4 0 .0

156.00

TYP IST S -

$

OROER CLERKS ---------------------------------------HANUF A C T U R I N 6 -----------------------------NONHA NUF AC TURI N 6 -----------------------

777
85
692

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

270 .0 0
310 .50
265 .00

T Y P I S T S . CLASS A HANUFACTURING ----NONHANUFACTURINE

3 8 .5 255.00
4 0 .0 285.00
3 8 .0 244.00

ORDER CLERKS* CLASS A -------------

298

4 0 .0

323 .50

ORDER CLERKS* CLASS B -------------

479

4 0 .0

237 .00

T Y P I S T S . CLASS B HANUFACTURING -----NONHANUFACTURINE

3 9 .0 167.00
3 9 .0 212.50
3 9 .0 160.00
1*630
1

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

153.00
149.50

F IL E CLERKS* CLASS B
NONHANUFACTURINE ------

363
324

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

$
210 .0 0
270 .5 0
196 .00

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS A -----HANUFACTURING ----------NONHANUFACTURINE —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S

1 .4 3 4
367
1*067
152

3 9 .5
40. 0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

245 .0 0
290 .0 0
2 2 9 .5 0
3 01 .50

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS B -------HANUFACTURING ----------NONHANUFACTURINE —

3*053
484
2 .5 6 9

3 9 .5 1 9 3 .5 0
4 0 .0 256 .0 0
3 9 .5 1 8 2 .0 0

F IL E CLERKS. CLASS C
NONHANUFACTURINE -----

1*231
1*225

UOHEN

SECRETARIES -----------------------------------------------------HANUFACTURIN6 -----------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURINE -----------------------------------

8*090
A . 428
3*662

3 9 .5 3 09 .50
4 0 .0 342 .50
38. 5 270 .00

SECRETARIES* CLASS A ---------------------------HANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURINE -----------------------------------

541
340
201

3 9 .5 3 56 .00
4 0 .0 391 .00
3 9 .0 2 96 .50

HESSENGERS:
HANUFACTURING
SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS
HANUFACTURING ---------NONHANUFACTURINE —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S

604
136
468
50

3 9 .5 209.00
4 0 .0 299.00
3 9 .5 183.00
4 0 .0 256.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSHANUF A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURINE ----------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

974
339
635
29

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
39. 0
4 0 .0

184.50
187.50
183.00
221.00

ORDER CLERKS --------------HANUFACTURING ----NONHANUFACTURINE

631
241
390

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

202.00
220.00
190.50

ORDER CLERKS. CLASS
HANUFACTURING ----------

137
106

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

267.50
256.00

ORDER CLERKS* CLASS B
NONHANUFACTURINE --------

494
359

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

183.50
180.50

3 9 .0
4 0 .0

SECRETARIES. CLASS C ---------------------------HANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURINE ----------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

3 .6 5 5
2*254
1 .4 01
44

3 9 .5 315 .00
4 0 .0 341 .0 0
3 8 .5 273 .00
4 0 .0 2 99 .00

SECRETARIES* CLASS 0 :
HANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------SECRETARIES* CLASS E ---------------------------NONHANUFACTURINE -----------------------------------

350 .00
379 .0 0

4 0 .0
437
387

281 .50

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

218 .00
210 .00

STENOGRAPHERS -------------------------------------------------HANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NON HA NUF AC T U R I N G ----------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

1*892
845
1*047
225

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
38. 5
4 0 .0

2 68 .00
2 68 .50
2 67 .50
2 91 .50

STENOGRAPHERS* SENIOR -------------------------NONHANUFACTURINE -----------------------------------

1*286
662

3 8 .5
3 7 .5

2 84 .50
2 88 .50

STENOGRAPHERS* GENERAL ----------------------HANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURINE ----------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

606
221
385
140

3 9 .5 2 33 .00
4 0 .0 2 37 .00
3 9 .5 231 .0 0
4 0 .0 2 94 .00

TRANSCRIBING-HACHINE TY P IS TS -------------NONHANUFACTURINE -----------------------------------

227
217

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

TYP IST S ---------------------------------------------------------------HANUFACTURIN6 -----------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURINE ----------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

2 .6 41
478
2 .1 6 3
327

188 .50
184 .0 0

3 9 .0 197 .50
3 9 .5 2 50 .50
3 8 .5 1 85 .50
4 0 .0 2 2 3 .0 0

o

1*716
1 .0 26

70

3 8 .5 147.50
3 8 .5 147.50

o
*

SECRETARIES* CLASS B ---------------------------HANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

226.00

ACCOUNTING CLERKS —
HANUFACTURING -----NONHANUFACTURINE

5.192
1*500
3*692

39. 5 202.00
3 9 .5 244.00
3 9 .0 185.50

ACCOUNTING CLERKS*
HANUFACTURING -----NONHANUFACTURINE

1.896
776
1* 122

3 9 .5 241.50
4 0 .0 277.00
3 9 .0 216.50

ACCOUNTING CLERKS.
HAN UF A C T U R I N 6 -----NONHANUFACTURINE

3*294
724
2.570

3 9 .5 179.50
3 9 .5 208.00
3 9 .5 171.50

812
317
495
70

3 9 .5 224.00
4 0 .0 246.50
3 9 .0 209.50
3 8 .5 302.50

PAYROLL CLERKS --------------HANUFACTURING ---------NONHANUFACTURINE —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S

See footnotes at end of tables.




3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

HANUFACTURING ----NONHANUFACTURINE

168.50
153.50

F I L E CLERKS ----------------NONHANUFACTURINE
OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

4*487
851
3*636

CONTINUED

8

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - HEN

(B U S IN E S S ):
HANUFACTURING

1*293

4 0 .0

5 0 5 .5 0

COHPUTER SVSTEHS ANALYSTS
(B U S I N E S S ). CLASS A:
HANUFACTURING -------------------------

265

4 0 .0

5 5 1 .0 0

COHPUTER SVSTEHS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S )* CLASS B ----------HANUFACTURING -------------------------

962
704

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

4 99 .50
5 0 8 .5 0

COHPUTER SVSTEHS ANALYSTS
(B U S I N E S S )* CLASS C ----------HANUFACTURING -------------------------

4 30
324

4 0 .0 4 46 .50
4 0 .0 4 6 3 .0 0

HANUFACTURING ---------NONHANUFACTURINE:
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S

1 .2 5 9
775

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

3 93 .00
4 1 9 .5 0

25

4 0 .0

3 39 .50

COHPUTER PROGRAHHERS (B US IN E S S ),
CLASS A ------------------------------------------------------

468

4 0 .0

4 6 6 .0 0

COHPUTER PROGRAHHERS (BUSINESS)
CLASS B -----------------------------------------------------HANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

540
297

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

3 56 .00
3 76 .00

HANUFACTURING -------NONHANUFACTURINE -

1 .2 8 0
627
653

COHPUTER OPERATORS.
HANUFACTURING -------NONHANUFACTURINE -

263
130
133

3 9 .5 3 16 .50
4 0 .0 376 .00
3 9 . 5 259 .5 0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

3 61 .00
4 17 .50
3 06 .00

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex.
Detroit, Mich., March 1979— Continued
Averts*
(mean*)
Occupation, s e x ,3 and in du stry d iv is io n

o
i
worken

Weekfr
Weekly
hour*
earning!1
(ftandard) (ftandard)

Occupation, sex,3 and industry division

Num
ber
of
woiken

Weekly
Weekly
houn
earning!1
(ftandard) (itandard)

PROFESSIONAL ANO TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - HEN— CONTINUED

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - HEN— CONTINUED
COHPUTER OPERATORS -

Arens*
(mean*)

Averts*
(mean2)

Number

DRAFTERS -

CONTINUED

Occupation, sex.3 and industry division

Num
ber
of
worker!

W««Ur
tUBlipl
(ftandard) (itndsid)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - UOHEN

CONTINUED

COHPUTER OPERATORS ------------------------------------HANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------$
NONHANUFACTURING ----------------------------------378.50
388.50
COHPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B ----------340.50
HANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING----------------------------------294.00
307.00
COHPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS C Z
25C.00
HANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------254.00
278.00 d r a f t e r s :

623
298
325

$
39.5 274.00
39.5 303.50
39.0 247.00

611
275
336
47

39. 5
40.0
39.5
40.0

363
152
211

39.0 262.00
39.5 297.00
39.0 237.00

til

39.5 315.50

$
312.50
382.50
255.50
286.50

ORAFTERS. CLASS B ----------------------------------HANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

1.443
1.138
305

40 .0
40 .0
40 .0

DRAFTERS. CLASS C ----------------------------------HANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

1.128
875
253

4 0 .0
40 .0
40 .0

DRAFTERS. CLASS 0 ----------------------------------HANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

337
250

4 0 .0
40 .0

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS -------------------------HANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

199
157

40. 0 388.00
40 .0 407.50

DRAFTERS. CLASS C ----------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

85
50

40 .0 265.50

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS. CLASS A -

COHPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B ----------HANUFACTURIN6 -----------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

55

40 .0 417.50

ORAFTERS. CLASS 0 -----------------------------------

57

4 0 .0 294.00

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS. CLASS B -

107

40 .0 366.00

REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSES ------------H NUr AC 1UK XHb
R

455

40 .0 371.50
372.00

COHPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS C ----------HANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

406
222

40.0 293.50
40.0 343.50

PERIPHERAL EQUIPHENT OPERATORS ---------

60

40.0 330.00

ORAFTERS -------------------------------------------------------------HANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

5.665
4.508
1.157
61

ORAFTERS. CLASS A ----------------------------------HANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

2.643
2.197
446

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

399.50
417.50
329.00
368.00

40.0 484.00
40.0 496.50

*

See footn otes at end o f tables.




9

-

4 0 .0 212.00

Table A -4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers, Detroit, Mich., March 1979
Hourly earnings 4

Occupation and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

Num ber o f w o rk e rs re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e hourly earnings

*
Mean *

Median2

Middle range 2

and
under

_

_

5 .8 0 6 .0 0 6 .2 0

MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIANS --------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING---------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------

737
625
112
40

$
9 .8 3
9 .8 8
9 .5 1
8 .0 6

_

_

_

_

%

i

.40 7.6 0

7 .8 0

8 .2 0

8 .6 0 9 .0 0

9 .4 0

9 .8 0 1 0 .2 0 1 0 .6011 .00 11 .4 0 1 1 .8 0

S

i

£

1

7.2 0 7 . SO 7 .6 0 7.8 0
.60

8 .2 0

8.6 0

9 .0 0 9 .4 0

9 .8 0 1 0 .2 0 1 0 .6 0 1 1 .0011 .40 11 .8 0 o v e r

12
8
4
4

2

1 0 .3 7 - 1 0 .4 5
1 0 .3 7 - 1 0 .4 5
8 .9 5 - 1 0 .4 5
8 .6 3 - 9.0 1

68
68

-

2
2

77
47
30
27

3
3

4
4
4

44
20
24
-

66
64
2

75
71
4
4

37
37
-

110
85
25
21

101
67
34
9

128
128

3
-

470
457
13
-

23
21
2
-

4
4

28

-

-

28
-

-

-

230 35 22
230 34 75
47
-

69
69

-

-

-

2
2
-

MAINTENANCE PAINTERS
MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING -

703
628
75

9 .9 2
9 .9 6
9 .6 3

10.10 1 0 .1 0 - 1 0 .1 4
10. 10 1 0 .1 0 -1 0 .1 4
10.10
8 .7 1 - 1 0 .8 7

_
-

_
-

36
30
6

6
6

19
1
18

18
18
-

32
32

553
536
17

1
1
“

15
7
8

16
16

MAINTENANCE MACHINISTS ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------nonm anufacturing:
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

807
745

9 .8 9
9 .9 5

10.26
1 0 .26

9 .7 3 - 1 0 .2 7
9 .7 3 - 1 0 .2 7

34
34

18
18

43
25

21
19

15
11

38
18

74
74

91
91

398
3 80

14
14

-

62

9 .1 4

9 .2 7

8 .0 0 - 1 0 .2 9

18

2

4

20

-

18

-

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY!
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONHANUFAC T U R I N G --------------------------------

5 .1 22
5.0 66
56

9 .9 5
9 .9 7
8 .1 6

10.37
10.37
8 .2 9

1 0 .2 8 - 1 0 .4 5
1 0 .2 8 - 1 0 .4 5
6 .9 5 - 8.4 9

99
99
“

33
33
”

146
127
19

15
15

141
141

134 39 37
133 3928
9
1

_

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR VECHILES! ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------

2 .7 94
1 .5 1 3
1.281
910

9 .6 7
9 .8 6
9 .9 7 1 0 . 19
9 .3 1
9.7 0
9 .5 0
9 .7 0

9 .6 5 - 1 0 .1 9
9 .9 6 - 1 0 .2 2
8 .8 9 - 9 .7 5
9 .4 7 - 9 .7 5

72
72
17

1
1
-

77
35
42
41

115
49
66

108
18
90
65

148
17
131
67

MAINTENANCE PI PE FI TT E RS - MANUFACTURING --------------------

2 .9 9 4 1 0 .07 1 0 .19 1 0 .1 8 -1 0 .2 2
2 .9 65 1 0 .07 10. 19 1 0 .1 8 - 1 0 .2 2

33
28

-

67
67

2
2

22
18

47
47

706 1 0 .04 10. 19 1 0 .1 8 - 1 0 .2 2
684 10.09 10.19 1 0 .1 8 -1 0 .2 2

16
16

9
-

3
2

11
9

20
10
10
10

MAINTENANCE SHEET-METAL WORKERS —
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------MILLWRIGHTS ---------MANUFACTURING

5 .1 0 9
5.061

MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPERS

193
168
25

43
43

25

-*

21
16
5

25

10.07 1 0 .19 1 0 .1 8 -1 0 .2 2
1 0 .07 10. 19 1 0 .1 8 -1 0 .2 2

143
143

13
13

26
26

-

~

58
56
2
577
23
554
538

-

*

-

131
131
“

_

~

-

“

_

8 99
891

11
11

96
96

_

_

-

-

1 59
159

20
20

-

_

_

-

-

-

858 1907 20 67
858 1890 20 36

147
147

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

12
12

452
452

28

-

_

-

-

-

45
45

4
4

45
45
16

20

56

-

-

_

57
57

95
95

126 20 OC
126 20 00

16
16

_

-

~

-

5
5

_

_

_

417

-

2
2

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS
MANUFACTURING ------

6 .6 9 0 1 0 .2 3 1 0 .46 1 0 .4 0 -1 0 .4 6
6 .6 8 9 1 0 .2 3 10.46 1 0 .4 0 - 1 0 .4 6

_

122
122

Ill
111

4
4

37 3
37 3

58
58

47
46

248 5713
248 5713

1

17
6
ii

13

1

3
3

13

34
2
32

39
38
1

102
91
11

154
153
1

-

6

-

10

12

-

3

65

289

1

STATIONARY ENGINEERS -----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

560 1 0 .06
428 10.41
132
8 .9 3

10.27
10.27
9 .2 5

9 .6 6 - 1 1 .0 0
1 0 .1 9 - 1 1 .0 4
7 .9 8 - 1 0 .1 9

16
16

27
15
12

BOILER TENDERS

721

8 .3 4

8 .8 7

6 .9 0 - 1 0 .2 2

92

27

10

-

215 1584
215 1572

-




-

-

62

8 at $ 11.80 to $ 12.20; 14 at $ 12.20 to $ 12.60; 18 at $ 12.60 to $ 13; and 5 at $ 13 to $ 13.40.

_

-

-

W ork ers w ere d istribu ted as fo llo w s :

-

61
61

-

8

*

_
-

28
28

2

See footnotes at end o f tables.

_

-

-

66
66

8 .2 3 -

-

52
48
4
-

-

8 .2 3

8 .2 3

-

1
1
-

1 0 .2 6 -1 0 .2 8
1 0 .2 6 -1 0 .2 8

8 .2 2

80
80

-

627
549
78
~

2 .3 6 2
2 .3 6 2

1 0 .18 1 0 .26
10.18 1 0 .2 6

-

973
804
169
141

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS (TOOLROOM)
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

629

f

_

6 .4 0 6 ,6 0 6 .8 0 7 .0 0

$
$
$
9 .7 8 - 1 0 .1 9
1 0 .18
10. 18 1 0 .1 4 - 1 0 .1 9
9 .0 4
8 .1 3 - 1 0 .6 7
7 .8 4 - 8 .1 6
7 .9 8

4 .4 8 2 1 0 .2 5 1 0 .45
4 ,3 5 9 1 0 .27 1 0 .45
9 .5 7
9 .1 4
123
34
8 .7 7
8 .6 8

i

-

-

-

_

-

-

94
65
29

5
5
-

-

-

45
*4 5
-

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers, Detroit, Mich., March 1979
Hourly eam
ings 4

Num ber o f w o rk e rs re c e iv in g stra ig h t-tim e hou rly earn in gs o f—
~ i ----

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

M 2 Median2
ean

Middle range 2

T R U C K D R I V E R S -----------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

9 .4 55
3 .0 52
6 .4 03
3.6 48

$
8 .4 4
8.2 4
8 .5 4
9 .4 0

$
9.2 8
8. 50
9.3 0
9 .5 8

$
7 .9 0 7 .7 3 7 .9 0 9 .3 0 -

$
9 .5 8
9.4 3
9 .5 8
9.5 8

T R U C K D R I V E R S . L I G H T TR UCK --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

715
139
576
89

6 .4 1
7 .5 9
6 .1 3
7 .7 2

6 .9 8
7 .5 5
6 .0 3
6.9 8

5 .0 0 7 .4 8 5 .0 0 6 .9 8 -

7.9 0
7 .8 7
7.9 0
9.0 7

T R U C K D R I V E R S . M E 0 I U M T R UCK -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

2.4 13
405
2.0 08

7 .6 4
7 .9 0
7 .5 9

7 .2 5
7.6 6
7.2 5

3---- i--- i---- i---- i--- i

6 .1 0 - 9 .5 8
6 .7 4 - 8.5 0
6 .1 0 - 9.5 8

Occupation and in du stry d iv is io n

2 . VO 3 .0 0

3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0

640

9 .1 0

9 .0 8

T R U C K D R I V E R S . T R A C T O R - T R A I L E R -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

8 .9 9
8.3 2
9 .4 2
9.4 0

9.4 3
9.41
9.5 8
9.5 8

9 .0 3 8 .1 3 9 .2 8 9 .3 0 -

S H I P P E R S --------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------NONMANUF A C T U R I N 6 ---------------------------------

497
289
208

8 .2 3
8 .5 5
7 .7 7

8.5 5
8.5 5
8.6 4

s

i

i

?

S

3

3 .8 0 4 .0 0

4.2 0

HE AV Y

TR UCK

9

40

26

62

6

34

2

9

40

26

62

6

34

2

66

96
96

1

31

52

236
23
213
3

924
428

7 .7 3
7 .0 6

8 .5 5
7.7 8

26

413
90
323
2

123
30
93
5

66

10

37
5

43
40

2

372

74

21

339
45
294

66
65

24
24

39
39

26

44

87

223

70

26

9
35

14

52

87

209

302

18

56

21

12
12

1

S H I P P E R S AND R E C E I V E R S -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------

7 .8 4
7 .6 0

8.4 6
7 .5 9

1.931
835
1.0 96

7 .7 2
7.7 8
7 .6 8

8.3 9
7.9 7
8. 39

---------------------------------

3 .4 00
406
2 .9 94

7 .6 3
7.7 6
7.6 1

8.3 8
8.2 9
8.3 9

S H I P P I N G P A C K E R S --------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

1.421
597
824

7 .0 5
7.6 4
6 .6 3

8. 25
8. 38
5.6 3

5 .6 3 7 .2 2 5 .6 3 -

32

5.4 86
3.9 32
1.5 54
466

8 .0 2
8.1 9
7 .5 9
9.3 6

8.3 5
8. 29
8.3 9
9.4 8

8 .2 5 8 .2 5 5 .2 1 9 .4 8 -

8.4 7
8.4 7
9.3 8
9.4 8

F O R K L I F T O P E R A T O R S ----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------N 0 N M A N U F A C T U R I N 6 --------------------------------

11.516
9 .7 14
1.8 02

8 .3 5
8 .2 5
8 .8 9

8.4 6
8.4 6
8.8 6

3----1---

684
571
113

27
27

12
12

75

14
14

38
34

131
127

31
23

11

231
51
180

148
85

11

134
70
64

32
25

17

7

63

26

468

358
20
338

109
109

41
41

55
55

28

70

26

28
28

81

4

54

81

4

28

468

292

54

9
5
4

84

204

260

276
250
26

148
148

563
29
534
512

2846
1008
1838
1567

461
9
452

13
11

8
6

30
30

2

2

26

64
64

89

15

4

33

131

42

33

43

89

15

4

33

131

42

33

60

49
11

31
24
7

56
48

183
173

93
93

10

10
56
56

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.

11

54
54

7 294
2 182
5 112

218
218

266
266

864
864

14

435

12

220

13
13

246
188
58

464
302
162

417
113
304

165

15

165

15

969
191
778

983
80
903

21

271

5

21

271

5

-

70
-

514
447

36
36

389
172
217

843
63
780

465

252

-

112

212

353

40

193 2345 1522
191 1999 1355
2 346 167
2

504
487
17

17

116 2948 5776
318 2716 5328
98 232 448

38
38
16
15
1

32
31

61

-

149
149

292

43

31
31

75
62
13

42
42

434
51

126
104

17

28

44
44

34
32

-

10

17

28

69
31
38
38

46
33

112

17

70

505
53
452

14

1

14
4

31

1
1

80

19
19

812 4297
34 1008
778 3289

14

41
14
27

26

9

8 .3 9 - 8 .5 2
8 .3 9 - 8.5 0
8 .4 6 - 9.4 8




I

77

35

32

8.3 8
8.4 1
8.3 3

M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G L A B O R E R S ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

447
403
44

8

6 .3 0 - 8.5 5
6 .6 1 - 8.3 0
6 .0 5 - 8.5 5

NONMANUFACTURI NG

3

3

196
33
163
7

1

7 .3 1 - 8.4 5
7 .3 1 - 8.3 9
6 .1 0 - 8 .4 5

ORDER F I L L E R S ---------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------

476
294
182
26

1
364
364

7 .2 9 - 8.6 4
6 .5 9 - 8.5 5

WA REHOUSEMEN -----------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------

438
142
296
75
73

66
41

35
82
1

52

7 .2 7 - 8 .5 5
5 .7 6 - 8.5 5

819
563

3

21
2

52

31

533
364
169
7

14
40

9 .5 8
9 .4 3
9.5 8
9.5 8

R E C E I V E R S ------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------

3

4 .4 0 4 .8 0 5.2 0 5.6 0 6.00 6 . 4 0 6.80 7.20 7.6 0 8.0 0 8.40 8.80 9.20 9 .6 01 0 .0 0 over

7 .9 5 - 8.6 4
8 .5 5 - 8.6 4
6 .3 0 - 8.6 4

TRUCKDRIVERS.

3

4. 4 0 4.8 0 5.20 5.60 6 . 0 0 6.4 0 6.8 0 7 .2 0 7 .6 0 8.0 0 8.4 0 8.80 9 .2 0 9.6 010 .00

8 .5 9 - 9.5 8

4.7 87
1.8 98
2 .8 89
2.1 25

4.2 0

and
under
3.2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0

---------------

3 .8 0 4 .0 0

10
10

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers, Detroit, Mich., March 1979— Continued
Num ber o f w o rk ers re c e iv in g stra ig h t-tim e hourly earnings o f—
1 ------T ----- 1 ------ ~ l------T ------T ------1 ------ *
S
f
*
4
4
3 .0 0 3.2 0 3 .4 0 3.6 0 3.8 0 4.0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4.8 0 5 .2 0 5.60 6 .0 0 6 .4 0

*
2.9 0
workers

Mean *

Median*

Middle ranfe *

3 .2 0 3.4 0 3.6 0

POWER-TRUCK 0PER*TORS
(OTHER THAN FORKLIFT! ---------------------

850

$
8 .4 1

$
8.4 1

GUARDS ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ------- ---------------

6*228
2*552
3.6 76
68

6 .0 5
8 .4 0
4.4 1
7 .9 7

6 .0 8
8.6 6
3.8 6
7 .7 8

3 .8 6 - 8 .6 5
8 .5 8 - 8.8 7
3 .5 5 - 3.8 8
7 .6 6 - 8.6 1

339
339

408
408

GUARDS* CLASS A ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

785
90
695

6 .7 2
7 .1 4
6 .6 6

7 .0 3
7.3 1
7 .0 3

6 .0 0 - 7 .9 3
6 .0 8 - 8.5 0
5 .7 5 - 7 .9 3

-

_

GUARDS* CLASS B ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

5.4 A 3
2*462
2.981

5 .9 5
8 .4 5
3 .8 9

3.8 8
8.7 9
3.8 6

3 .8 6 - 8 .6 5
8 .6 5 - 8.8 7
3 .1 5 - 3.8 8

339
339

408
408

JANITORS* PORTERS. AND CLEANERS ----- 12.339
5 .6 28
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------6.7 11
NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------380
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------

5 .9 9
7 .7 1
4 .5 5
6 .5 9

5.5 6
8. 11
4 .5 8
7.0 1

4 .2 5 - 8.11
7 .5 3 - 8.1 4
3 .5 0 - 4 .6 5
5 .4 1 - 7 .6 6

34
34
-

811

3.8 0 4.0 0 4.2 0

4 .4 0 4 .8 0 5.2 0

5.6 0 6.0 0 6 .4 0

6 .8 0

$
$
8 .4 1 - 8.41




*
*
6 .8 0 7 . 20 7 .6 0

t
1 ------ ~i------ 1 ----- T ----8 .0 0 8.4 0 8 .8 0 9 .2 0 9 .6 0 1 0 .0 0

t

and
under
3.00

See footnotes at end o f tables

s

7 .6 0

8 .9 9

31
46

_

38

81 1814
5

10

38

51

43
9
34

153
53
100
1

74
41
33
-

161
114
47
1

89
85
4
4

400
68
332
39

15

44

25

33
33

46
46

18
14
4

297
297
103
68
35

56
36
20

43
19
24

51

38

31
9
22

42

32

16

14

42

32

16

14

15

44

25

143
44
99

46

136

76 1772

6

136

76 1772

42
36
6

28
19
9

7

46

15
9
6

7

18
9
9

10
9
1

41
41
-

115
114
1

71
71
-

530
530
3

417

567 1870
18
68
499 1852

67 4
114
560
32

341
77
264
82

231
172
59
12

182
163
19
3

229
151
78
31

367
273
94
86

399
376
23
22

-

811

81 1814

5

46

136
136

-

417
1

602
14
588
3

83
83

6
268
268
1

9 , *9 9s 99 ?|29

o
o
o
o

Occupation and industry d ivis io n

<
0
*

Hourly earnings

over

629

-

87

“

139 1172
137 10 56
2 116
21
2

953
925
28
-

1
1
-

-

_
-

51
30
21

_
"

_
-

_
-

_
-

135 1121
135 10 26
95
-

953
925
28

1
1

-

_
-

58
38
20
-

233
108
125
7

92

55

4
2
2

176 4164
81 3975
189
95
90
7

92

11
-

11

Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement,
and custodial workers, by sex, Detroit, Mich., March 1979
O c c u p a tio n ,

and

in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of

woriten

Avera ge
(m ean2 )
hourly
earnings4

HA INTENANCE » TOOLROOM. AND
POWERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - HEN
MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS --------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g :
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ---------------------MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIANS ----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g :
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------

O c c u p a tio n ,

s e x ,3

and

in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN
707
619

$
9 .8 6
9 .8 9

AO

8 .0 6

A.A13 10.26
A . 315 10.27
3A
689
625
6A

9 .9 5
9.9 6
9 .7 8

MAINTENANCE MACHINISTS -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g :
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------

788
726

9 .9 0
9 .9 6

62

9. 1A

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY! MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

5 .0 75
5 .0 19
56

9 .9 5
9 .9 7
8.1 6

9 .1 6 3
3 .0 28
6 .1 3 5
3.56A

TRUCKORIVERS t LIGHT TRU C K-----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g --------------------------

638
138
500

TRUCKORIVERS. HEOIUM TRUCK ---------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------------------

2 .3 0 3
A04
1*899

O c c u p a tio n ,

s e x ,3

and

in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

A vera ge
[m ean2 )
hourly
earnings4

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED
$
8 . A8 GUARDS - CONTINUED
8 . 2A
8 .6 0
GUARDS. CLASS A ----------------------------9.A A
NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

700
612

$
6 .7 2
6 .6 7

GUARDS. CLASS B ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

4 .7 40
2.2 73
2 .4 67

6 .1 0
8 .4 6
3 .9 4

7 .7 2 JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------7 .9 0
NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------7 .6 8

7 .9 05
4 .3 4 7
3.5 58

6 .4 4
7 .7 9
4 .7 9

110

6 .0 6

6 .3 7
7 .5 9
6 .0 3

8 .7 7

MAINTENANCE PAINTERS -----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

TRUCKORIVERS --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------

A v e ra ge
m ean2 )
hourly
earnings4

TRUCKORIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK ------------

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR VECHILES) ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g -------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------

2.7 28
1.511
1.2 17
853

9 .6 9
9 .9 7
9.3 A
9 .5 5

MAINTENANCE PIPE FITTE R S ------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

2.9 68 10.07
2.9 39 10.08

MAINTENANCE SHEET-METAL WORKERS ----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

700 10.05
678 10.09

MILLWRIGHTS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

5 .1 06 10.07
5.0 58 10.07

MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPERS -------------

613

8 .2 2

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS (TOOLROOM) MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

2 .3 62
2 .3 6 2

10.18
10.18

TOOL ANO DIE MAKERS -------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

6 .6 87 1 0 .23
6*686 10.23

STATIONARY ENGINEERS -----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

537 10.10
A28 1 0 .A1

BOILER TENOERS -----------------------------------

709

8 .3 3

639

9 .1 0

TRUCKORIVERS. TRACTOR-TRAILER ----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONNANUF ACTURI N E -------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------

A . 773
1 .8 85
2 .8 88
2.12A

8 .9 9
8 .3 2
9 .A 2
9 .4 0

SHIPPERS ---------------------------------------------NONHA NUF AC TURI N G --------------------------

A39
189

8 .2 2
7 .7 1

SHIPPERS ----------------------------------------------

56

8 .3 5

RECEIVERS -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

792
359

7 .8 5
7 .2 3

SHIPPERS ANO RECEIVERS --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

158
78

8 .2 9
8 .1 9

SHIPPERS ANO RECEIVERS --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

661
A85

7 .7 3
7 .5 1

WAREHOUSEMEN --------------------------------------

115

8 .0 6

ORDER FILLERS -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

774
175
599

7 .2 7
7 .3 4
7 .2 5

SHIPPING PACKERS ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

642
139
503

6 .6 7
6 .7 7
6 .6 5

MATERIAL HANOLING LABORERS ------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

483
416

8 .1 2
8.1 1

FORKLIFT OPERATORS!
m a n u f a c t u r in g -------------------------------

145

7 .6 8

GUARDS ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

693
169
524

4 .8 3
8 .3 8
3 .6 9

GUAROS. CLASS B ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

679
167
512

4 .8 0
8 .3 8
3 .6 3

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

4 .0 84
1 .1 85
2.8 99

5 .1 5
7 .5 3
4 .1 8

TRUCKORIVERS. MEOIUM TRUCK ----------

WAREHOUSEMEN --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

1.8 05
792
1 .0 1 3

7 .7 1
7 .7 9
7 .6 A

ORDER FILLERS ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

2 .6 17
2 .3 95

7 .7 3
7 .7 0

SHIPPING PACKERS ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------------------

775
A58
317

7 .3 7
7 .9 0
6 .6 1

MATERIAL HANOLING LABORERS -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------

A . 925
3.5 16
1.A 09
A66

8 .0 5
8 . 20
7 .6 9
9 .3 6

FORKLIFT OPERATORS ---------------------------- 1 1 .298
9 .5 6 6
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONHA NUF AC T U R IN G -------------------------1 .7 32

8 . 36
8 .2 6
8 .9 3

GUAROS ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------

6 .1 8
8. A1
A. A8
8 .0 1

See footn otes at end o f tables.




MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTOOIAL
OCCUPATIONS - W
OMEN

13

5.AA0
2 .3 61
3 .0 7 9
57

Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected occupational groups.
Detroit, Mich., for selected periods
In du stry and occu pation al group 5

F e b ru a ry 1972 to
M a rch 1973 M a rch 1974 M arch 1975 M arch 1976 M a rc h 1977
M a rch 1973
to
to
to
to
to
13 -month Annual rate
M arch 1974 M a rch 1975 M arch 1976 March 1977 M a rch 1978
in c re a s e
o f in crea se

M a rc h 1978
to
M a rc h 1979

A ll in du stries:
O ffic e c le r ic a l
E le c tr o n ic data p ro c e s s in g _______ __ _ . . __ _
In d u stria l n urses______________________________________
S killed m aintenance tra d es . ____ . . _____ _____
U nsk illed plant w o rk ers

5.7
( 6)
5.7
5.3
6.5

5.3
( 6)
5.3
4.9
6.0

7.1
( 6)
8.8
8.6
9.3

10.5
9.5
13.0
10.4
11.4

7.7
7.0
7.9
7.2
8.6

7.6
7.0
8.5
9.3
8.2

6.5
6.8
8.1
8.3
7.9

8.3
10.5
10.5
9.2
10.2

M anufacturing:
O ffic e c l e r i c a l _________________________________________
E le c tr o n ic data p ro c e s s in g ___________________________
In d u stria l n u rses______________________________________
S killed m aintenance tra d es . ._ ____________ _____
U nsk illed plant w o r k e r s ______________________________

4.7
( 6)
5.5
5.2
6.1

4.3
( 6)
5.1
4.8
5.6

7.1
( 6)
8.8
8.7
10.6

12.3
9.7
13.0
10.5
12.4

7.4
6.7
7.9
7.1
8.3

7.9
7.8
8.7
9.4
8.8

5.9
7.4
7.8
8.3
8.5

9.0
10.6
10.5
9.1
10.6

Nonm anufacturing:
O ffic e c l e r i c a l . _. _. .. . . . . _______________ ..
E le c tr o n ic data p ro c e s s in g ___________________________
In d u stria l n u rses.. ._ _. _____ _. _____ __________
U n skilled plant w o r k e r s . . . _____ . . .. . . __ .

6.6
( 6)
6.5
7.5

6.1
( 6)
6.0
6.9

7.0
(6)
( 6)
5.6

8.9
9.7
( 6)
9.1

8.0
7.5
( 6)
9.0

7.4
6.3
( 6)
7.4

7.0
6.1
11.0
7.2

7.7
10.8
10.9
9.7

See footn otes at end of tables.

N O T E : A r e v is e d d es c rip tio n fo r com pu ter o p e ra to rs is being introduced in this a re a in 197 9. The re v is e d d es crip tio n is not c o n s id ere d
equ ivalen t to the p revio u s d es crip tio n .
T h e r e fo r e , the earn in gs o f com pu ter o p era to rs a re not used in computing percen t in c re a s e s fo r the e le c tr o n ic
data p ro ce ssin g group.




14

Table A-8. Average pay relationships within establishments for white-collar occupations
Detroit, Mich., March 1979
O ffic e c le r ic a l occupation being com pared—
Occupation w hich equals 100

Secretaries

Class B

Class C

Class D

100
112
12R
142
147
151
165
161
154
183
204
213
181
150

100
115
128
137
137
151
138
137
169
163
184
161
128

100
116
120
121
136
125
121
140
136
164
133
112

155
116
138
131
162
129
140
154

142
99
135
119
149
117
125
142

129
(6 )
124
103
135
106
110
122

Class A

SECRETARIES* CLASS A.....................
SECRETARIES* CLASS R.....................
SECRETARIES. CLASS C .............................
SECRETARIES. CLASS 0 .....................
SECRETARIES. CLASS E .............................
STENOGRAPHERS. SENIOR...................
STENOGRAPHERS, g e n e r a l ................
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE T Y P IS T S ..
T Y P IS T S . CLASS A..............................
T Y P IS T S . CLASS R ..........................................
F IL E CLERKS. CLASS R.....................
F IL E CLERKS. CLASS C.....................
MESSENGERS...........................................
SUITCHROARO OPERATORS...................
SUITCHROARD OPERATORRECEPTIONISTS..................................
OROER CLERKS. CLASS A...................
ORDER CLERKS. CLASS R...................
ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS A . . . .
ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS R . . . .
PAYROLL C L E R K S . . . . . . . ...................
KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS A . .
KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS B• .

Tran-

Ste nograph eis

machine
typist

Class E

Senior

General

100
116
108
121
120
119
127
119
146
152
103

100
120
<61
( 6)
117
<61
<61
148
<61
115

100
118
109
103
126
114
144
113
95

100
<61
101
113
100
132
124
93

100
98
105
(61
119
111
99

123
80
<61
101
111
99
104
123

105
<61
<61
98
117
91
<61
111

<61
<61
<61
86
<61
90
92
103

97
<61
101
87
104
93
87
104

84
68
(61
80
104
75
(61
95

____

F ile clerics

Typists

Messen­
gers
Class A

Sw itch­
board
operators

Class B

Class B

Class C

100
117
110
132
113
97

100
107
112
106
88

100
<61
109
90

100
98
79

100
87

96
71
83
74
96
81
80
89

88
<61
<61
77
91
74
84
86

85
(61
<61
66
83
64
65
81

87
(6 *
(61
77
90
76
79
87

100
(61
(61
88
101
86
97
101

recep­
tionists

Accounting clerks

Order clerks

K ey entry operators
Payroll
clerics

Class A

Class B

Class A

Class

Class A

B

Class B

100

104
(61
(61
84
103
87
92
101

Switch­
board

100
68
98
87
102
86
92
107

____

100
<61
107
<61
117
119
146

100
111
113
<61
118 >
113

100
125
102
103
119

100
86
90
98

100
105
119

100
124

100

P r o fe s s io n a l and tech nical occupation being com pared—
Computer systems analysts (business)

Class A

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S IN E S S ). CLASS A.....................
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S IN E S S ). CLASS R .....................
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S IN E S S ). CLASS C . ...................
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS
(B U S IN E S S ). CLASS A.....................
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS
(B U S IN E S S ). CLASS R.....................
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS
(B U S IN E S S )• CLASS C ..............................
COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS A . . .
COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS R . . .
COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS C . . .
COMPUTER DATA LIB R A R IA N S ............
ORAFTERS. CLASS A...........................
DRAFTERS. CLASS R.............................
DRAFTERS. CLASS C...........................
DRAFTERS. CLASS 0 ...........................
ORAFTERS. CLASS E...........................
ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS.
CLASS A...............................................
ELECTRONICS t e c h n i c i a n s .
CLASS R...............................................
REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSES..

Class B

Class C

Computer programmers (business)

Class A

Class B

Computer operators

Electronics technicians

Drafters

Class A

Clare B

Class C

Clam D

Class E

(6)

100
127
163
174

100
127
152

100
(6 )

(6)

89

69

(6 )

(6)

100

(6 )
(6 )

(6 )
117

(6 )
107

(6 )
91

(6 )
76

(6 )
(6 )

(6 )
(6 )

Class A

Class B

Class C

100
84
94
111
116
81
88
104
125
(6 )

100
119
139
129
96
99
119
146
(6 )

100
125
117
87
92
110
132
152

100
97
73
83
99
115
(6 )

100
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

100
114
141
171

Class A

Registered
industrial
nurses

100

(6 )

Class C

Class B

100
115

100

137

117

127

113

(6 )

150

132

116

122

100

165
144
161
192
198
131
137
163
198
(6 )

150
124
140
163
156
118
128
151
180
(61

132
108
120
142
133
105
111
130
155
(6 )

138
109
127
149
(6 )
105
116
136
161
(6 )

118
94
111
131
128
88
94
116
140
<61

100
100

(6 )

(6 )

(6 )

(6 )

81

(6 )

90

(6 )

(6 )

(6 )
149

(6 )
134

(6 )
115

(6 )
122

89
104

(6 )
92

102
107

79
97

61
86

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




Computer
data
librarian

15

100
<61

100

Table A-9. Average pay relationships within establishments for blue-collar occupations, Detroit, Mich., March 1979
M aintenance, to o lro o m , and pow erplant occupation being com pared—
Mechanics

Occupation which equals 100
Carpenters

Electricians

Painters

M
achinists

Pipefitters
Machinery

NAINTENANCE CARPENTERS................
HAINTENANCE ELECTRICIANS............
NAINTENANCE PAINTERS.....................
HAINTENANCE HACHINISTS................
NAINTENANCE HECHANICS
(HACHINERY)......................................
HAINTENANCE HECHANICS
(H0T0R VEHICLES!...........................
HAINTENANCE PIPE FITTE R S ..............
HAINTENANCE SHEET-HETAL
WORKERS.............. ................................
H IL L W R IG H T S ....................................
HAINTENANCE TRADES H E L P E R S ....
HACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS
(T O O L R O O H ).. .... ...........................
TOOL AND DIE HAKERS.......................
STATIONARY ENGINEERS.....................
BOILER T E N D E R S . . . . . . . ...................

Sheet-metal
workers

Millwrights

Trades helpers

Motor vehicles

100
97
101
98

100
103
100

100
97

101

98

100

102
102

99
99

102
101

102
102

100
100

100

100
100
123

102
102
123

99
99
119

101
102
121

102
102
(61

100
100
118

100
100
119

100
100
119

100
117

100

98
97
100
101

101
99
100
10 A

98
97
98
(61

100
98
98
10A

100
99
100
(6 )

99
97
97
(61

99
97
98
101

99
98
97
100

99
97
97
(61

(61
(6 1
83
87

Boiler tenders

100

100
100

Stationary
engineers

Tool and die
m
akers

100

98

Machine-tool
operators
(toolroom)

100
99
<61
<61

100
100
<61

100
10«

_______

100

M a te ria l m ovem ent and cu stodia l occupation being com pared—
Truckdrivers
Shippers
Light truck

TRUCKORIVERS, LIGHT TR U C K ...
TRUCKORI VERS « H E D IU H TRUCK..
TRUCKORIVERS, HEAVY T R U C K ...
TRUCKORIVERS, TRACTOR-TRAILER.
SHIPPERS..................... ...................
RECEIVERS........................................
SHIPPERS AND RECEIVERS............
WAREHOUSE HEN................ .................
ORDER F I L L E R S . . . . ......................
SHIPPING PACKERS........................
HATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS..
FORKLIFT OPERATORS....................
POWER-TRUCK OPERATORS
(OTHER THAN F O R K LIF Tl............
6UAR0S, CLASS A...........................
6UARDS, CLASS B . . ............. ..
JANITORS, PORTERS, AND
CLEANERS........................................

See footn otes at end o f tables.




Medium truck

Receivers

Shippers and
W
arehousem
en O
rder fiilea Shipping packers
receivers

Heavy truck Tractor-trailer

Material
handling
laborers

Power-truck
operators
Forklift operators (other than
forklift)

G
uards
and cleaners
Class A

Class B

100
<61
<61
<61
106
100
<61
115
<61
117
91
85

100
<61
97
106
103
105
101
121
112
111
(61

100
<61
<61
(61
<61
<61
<61
<61
103
104

100
10*
(6 1
112
113
111
11*
111
109

100
100
103
109
103
104
106
106

100
(61
100
101
101
(61
99

100
96
100
101
101
99

100
101
102
102
100

100
lo i
99
99

100
101
99

100
98

100

(6 )
102
101

<61
(61
<61

<61
(61
(61

108
169
107

(61
<61
10*

(61
103
<61

<61
<61
95

<61
89
98

102
<61
96

<61
<61
96

<61
123
95

<6!
13*
98

100
<61
<61

100
<6!

100

12*

112

171

118

111

106

10*

109

106

103

10*

106

<61

113

107

100

Earnings: Large establishments
Table A-10. Weekly earnings of office workers, large establishments, Detroit, Mich., March 1979
Weekly earnln^^™
((tender'd)

Occupation and indu str y division

Number
of
worker*

Average
weekly
hour*1
(ft endaid]

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

Num ber o f w o rk e rs re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e we ek ly earnings o f—

s
Mean2

f
323.00
350.00
287.50

Median1

$
332.00
356.50
286.50

Middle range 2

$
$
2 7 4 .0 0 -3 7 7 .5 0
3 0 7 .0 0 -3 8 4 .0 0
2 3 0 .5 0 -3 4 7 .0 0

MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

7 .1 61
4.0 81
3 .0 80

SECRETARIES* CLASS A ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONNA NUF ACTURING -----------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------

415
261
154
59

SECRETARIES* CLASS B ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------

1.5 58
967
591
147

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .5

SECRETARIES* CLASS C ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------

3*167
2 .1 98
969
27

3 9 .5 332.00 347.00 2 9 8 .5 0 -3 7 7 .5 0
4 0 .0 344.00 354.00 3 1 7 .5 0 -3 8 1 .5 0
3 9 .0 3 04 .00 316.00 2 4 4 .0 0 -3 6 5 .5 0
4 0 .0 312.00 289.00 2 8 2 .5 0 -3 6 9 .0 0

SECRETARIES* CLASS 0 ---------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

1.7 25
1*106

39 .5
3 9 .0

SECRETARIES* CLASS E ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

270
234

STENOGRAPHERS -------------------------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------

1.7 96
818
978
236

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

STENOGRAPHERS* SENIOR -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

1*221
610

38. 5 287.00 294.50 2 5 7 .5 0 -3 2 9 .5 0
3 7 .5 293 .50 329.50 2 6 2 .5 0 -3 3 1 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS* 6ENERAL ----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------

575
207
368
151

TY P IS TS ----------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------

1.6 22
374
1*248
252

TYP ISTS * CLASS A -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURIN6 -----------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------

812
247
565
169

3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .0
3 9 .5

T Y P I S T S . CLASS B -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------

810
127
683
83

4 0 .0 174.00 160.00
3 9 .5 229.50 227.00
4 0 .0 163.50 157.00
4 0 .0 212.50 213.00

3 9 .5 384.50 388.50 3 2 4 .5 0 -4 5 5 .5 0
4 0 .0 420 .00 437.00 3 6 2 .0 0 -4 8 1 .5 0
3 9 .0 324 .50 328.00 2 8 8 .5 0 -3 6 4 .5 0
3 9 .0 341 .00 345.00 2 9 4 .5 0 -3 6 6 .0 0
363.00 377.50 3 1 4 .0 0 -4 1 5 .5 0
386.50 402.00 3 6 0 .5 0 -4 1 5 .5 0
325.00 320.00 2 7 5 .0 0 -3 7 3 .5 0
317.50 315.00 2 9 8 .5 0 -3 2 9 .0 0

s

*

120
Under
and
$
under
120
130

300

320

340

360

380

4 00

420

440

460

480

140

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

4 20

440

460

480

500

219
17
202

325
47
27 8

280
78
202

405
128
277

569
267
302

655
342
313

637
380
257

570
418
152

740
444
296

8 90
551
3 39

881
698
183

386
3 37
49

154
122
32

181
168
13

15
14
1

71
70
1

11

-

6
6

15
9
6

5
5
4

20
20
12

33
12
21
2

39
22
17
4

44
20
24
21

24
13
11
9

17
14
3
3

20
15
5
-

39
29
10
4

52
43
9
-

15
14
1
-

71
70
1
-

21
12
9
-

17
5
12
4

54
7
47
10

90
19
71
14

70
30
40
10

156
68
88
67

61
31
30
17

74
65
9
3

217
87
130
3

172
116
56
17

3 59
317
42
2

110
88
22
-

126
122
4
-

93
31
62
-

123
46
77
2

152
84
68
4

292
210
82
12

234
187
47
-

350
311
39
-

507
3 30
177
1

547
412
135
6

689
565
124
-

5
3
2
2

4
4

2
2

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
-

2
-

i
-

1
-

_

_

"

-

-

_

_

_

_

29

152

2

29

152

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

20

3

-

-

8
-

20
-

3
-

_

-

2

4

22

24

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

80
80

134
117

153
131

122
80

165
101

296
136

248
152

188
99

116
62

104
75

100
61

26
26

45
45

33
33

36
36

46
44

24
20

16
10

24
“

3
3

11
11

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

69
19
50
12

171
101
70
21

242
171
71
25

174
136
38
22

212
145
67
33

132
86
46
34

427
44
383
76

102
59
43
6

_

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

377
339

96
37

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

*

2

-

27

89

-

-

-

-

-

-

27

89
4

149
57
92
3

42
42

51
35

25
21

86
13

113
28

154
27

172
41

94
16

44
15
29
8

85
28
57
18

129
86
43
10

20
9
11
4

40
14
26
25

38
8
30
30

50
6
44
43

-

-

11
11

1 9 3 .0 0 -2 6 9 .0 0
2 1 9 .0 0 -2 5 4 .0 0
1 9 2 .0 0 -2 9 2 .0 0
2 4 9 .5 0 -3 3 0 .0 0

-

2

-

16

47

-

-

-

2
-

-

16
-

47
4

98
41
57
3

3 9 .0 220 .00 199.00 1 5 8 .0 0 -2 8 1 .0 0
3 9 .5 267 .00 271.50 2 3 4 .0 0 -3 0 5 .5 0
3 9 .0 206.00 175.00 1 5 5 .0 0 -2 4 7 .0 0
3 9 .5 241.00 224.50 2 0 9 .0 0 -2 6 0 .0 0

_
-

8
8
-

63
8
55
-

347
347
-

276
28
248
11

120
13
107
20

122
23
99
77

92
33
59
52

87
52
35
27

89
67
22
9

58
48
10
7

58
26
32
19

266
42
224
30

266.00 276.00 2 1 2 .0 0 -3 2 3 .5 0
286.00 280.50 2 5 3 .5 0 -3 2 0 .5 0
257.50 260.00 1 9 5 .5 0 -3 2 3 .5 0
254.50 237.50 2 1 6 .0 0 -3 1 3 .0 0

-

-

_
-

24
24
-

88
4
84
2

54
4
50
8

59
4
55
44

60
21
39
32

62
34
28
21

77
55
22
9

51
42
9
6

49
20
29
17

-

8
8

63
a
55

323
323

188
24
164
9

66
9
57
12

63
19
44
33

32
12
20
20

25
18
7
6

12
12

7
6
1
1

9
6
3
2

1 4 8 .0 0 -1 8 4 .0 0
1 7 7 .5 0 -2 6 8 .5 0
1 4 7 .5 0 -1 7 2 .5 0
1 9 9 .5 0 -2 2 5 .5 0

-

17

-

12
12

-

-

-

24

-

-

-

-

22
“

_

_

_

-

4
-

4
4

2
“

_
-

117
13
104

-

S ee footn otes at end o f ta b les.




11

-

-

238.00
246.00
232.00
308.50

%

280

-

239.00
241.50
238.00
289.00

<

%

260

3 9 .5 238.50 233.50 1 9 6 .0 0 -2 7 1 .0 0
3 9 .5 229 .00 227.00 1 9 2 .0 0 -2 5 5 .0 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

s

s

s

240

_
-

_

s

s

220

2

“

s

s

s

200

-

-

s

s

180

-

-

s

%

160

_

2 3 5 .0 0 -3 2 7 .5 0
2 4 5 .5 0 -2 9 6 .5 0
2 1 2 .0 0 -3 3 0 .0 0
2 5 6 .5 0 -3 2 7 .5 0

%

1 40

270.00 272.50 2 2 8 .0 0 -3 0 5 .0 0
260.50 264.50 2 0 9 .5 0 -3 0 0 .5 0

272.00 275.50
271.00 269.00
272.50 293.00
288.50 298.50

s

130

-

-

~

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

"

-

-

-

-

"

-

20
18
2

6
6

10
10
-

_
-

_

_

_

_

260
36
224
30

12
11
1

6
6
-

10
10
-

_
~
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

8
7
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

Table A-10. Weekly earnings of office workers, large establishments, Detroit, Mich., March 1979— Continued
Num ber o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g stra ig h t-tim e w eek ly earnings o f—
Number

Occupation and industry division
w
oxkera

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard

s
Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

NONMANUFACTURING-----------------------------------

853
58
795

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

$
$
$
$
152.50 140.00 1 2 8 .0 0 -1 5 7 .0 0
275.00 287.00 2 1 5 .5 0 -3 3 0 .0 0
143 .50 138.00 1 2 6 .0 0 -1 5 0 .5 0

FIL E CLERKS. CLASS B ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------------------------------

284
236

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

184.00 164.00 1 4 8 .0 0 -1 8 0 .0 0
161.50 157.00 1 4 6 .0 0 -1 7 0 .0 0

F IL E CLERKS* CLASS C ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

536
530

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

134 .00
133.50

130.00
130.00

MESSENGERS --------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------------------------------

295
104
191

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

191.00
222 .00
174 .00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS -----------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

342
144
198
36

3 9 .5 2 43 .00 234.50
4 0 .0 2 97 .00 314.50
3 9 .5 2 04 .00 175.00
4 0 .0 273 .50 295 .00

F IL E CLERKS -----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

s

120
Under
and
S
under
120
130

*

s

*

s

s

s

S

*

s

s

s

s

s

s

s

s

*

%

130

140

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

4 00

420

440

460

480

140

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

4 20

440

460

480

500

-

-

-

-

-

-

28
28

210
210

172
172

246
2
244

107
107

14
4
10

23
10
13

6
3
3

1
1
-

3
3
-

10
10
-

6
2
4

26
23
3

1
1

-

-

-

_

29
29

97
97

82
82

8
8

17
11

3
-

1
-

3
-

10
-

4
2

26
3

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 2 5 .0 0 -1 4 1 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0 -1 4 1 .0 0

28
28

206
206

143
143

141
139

9
9

4
-

2
2

3
3

166.00 1 4 4 .0 0 -2 2 1 .5 0
193.50 1 6 6 .0 0 -2 8 0 .5 0
149.00 1 3 7 .0 0 -2 1 1 .5 0

-

15
5
10

45

48
32
16

10
7
3

18
6
10

23

11
10
1

11
7
4

24
16
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

*

-

“

_
-

_

23

1
1
-

12
6

45

77
12
65

1 6 1 .5 0 -3 1 9 .0 0
2 6 4 .0 0 -3 4 0 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0 -2 4 0 .0 0
2 4 0 .0 0 -3 0 2 .0 0

2
2
-

2
2

4
4
-

74
2
72
-

28
3
25
1

24
7
17
2

18
3
15
3

26
15
11
3

8
4
4
2

17
12
5
5

16
10
6
5

38
23
15
15

50
37
13

17
12
5

18
16
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

75

3 9 .5

214 .50

1 7 6 .0 0 -2 4 9 .0 0

3

-

i

7

8

17

5

14

7

6

1

1

1

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

ORDER CLERKS ----------------------------------------------------

97

3 8 .0

2 44 .50 231 .00 1 4 5 .5 0 -3 5 3 .0 0

7

1

14

12

11

-

-

8

1

-

4

4

4

16

10

2

2

-

-

1

-

ORDER CLERKS. CLASS B --------------------------

63

3 7 .5

184 .50

-

-

210.50

157.50 1 3 6 .5 0 -2 3 0 .0 0

7

1

14

12

11

-

-

8

1

-

2

i

-

3

2

1

-

-

-

17
17

53

32
32

71
71

193
45
148

178
57
121

192
59
133

149
54
95

254
77
177

203
51
152

59
52
7

149
137
12

108
89
19

109
96
13

119
110
9

97
88
9

56
36
20

31
22
9

1
1
-

1

5

62
9
53

101
18
83

69
21
48

78
35
43

174
31
143

34
29
5

133
125
8

78
70
8

102
91
11

118
109
9

94
85
9

56
36
20

31
22
9

1
1
-

-

-

-

_

_

-

ACCOUNTING CLERKS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONHA NUF AC T U R I N G -----------------------------------

2.071
974
1 .0 97

3 9 .5 259.50 256 .00 1 9 6 .0 0 -3 2 2 .0 0
4 0 .0 304.00 312.00 2 4 7 .5 0 -3 6 2 .0 0
3 9 .0 2 20 .00 215.00 1 7 2 .5 0 -2 5 8 .5 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS A ------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

1 .1 64
687
477

3 9 .5 300.50 306.50 2 4 5 .0 0 -3 6 1 .5 0
4 0 .0 332.50 340.50 3 0 4 .5 0 -3 7 5 .5 0
3 9 .0 254.50 249.50 2 0 9 .5 0 -2 7 0 .0 0

-

_
“

1

5

27
5
22

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------------------------------

907
287
620

3 9 .0 207 .00 200 .00 1 6 2 .0 0 -2 4 7 .5 0
4 0 .0 236 .00 228.00 1 9 0 .5 0 -2 6 7 .5 0
3 8 .5 193.50 184.00 1 5 5 .0 0 -2 4 3 .0 0

17
17

53
53

31
31

66
66

166
40
126

116
48
68

91
41
50

80
33
47

176
42
134

29
20
9

25
23
2

16
12
4

30
19
11

7
5
2

1
1
-

3
3

PAYROLL CLERKS ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

413
209
204

3 9 .5 255 .00 230.00 1 7 5 .0 0 -3 2 7 .5 0
4 0 .0 314 .50 317.50 2 3 1 .0 0 -3 8 2 .0 0
3 9 .5 194.50 179.50 1 5 4 .0 0 -2 1 1 .0 0

-

7

-

-

2
2

52
2
50

49
6
43

30
3
27

44
14
30

45
33
12

29
20
9

11
4
7

14
12
2

17
16
1

21
17
4

16
10
6

17
16
1

13
13
*

16
14
2

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

1 .9 89
617
1 .3 72
284

3 9 .5 252 .50 242.00 1 8 6 .0 0 -3 2 0 .5 0
4 0 .0 298.00 306.50 2 6 8 .5 0 -3 4 8 .0 0
3 9 .5 232 .00 212.00 1 7 8 .0 0 -3 1 4 .5 0
3 9 .5 263 .50 254 .50 2 1 8 .5 0 -3 1 4 .5 0

2
2
“

5

14
1
14
-

123
4
119
14

238
25
213
25

258
30
22 8
13

234
15
219
20

98
18
80
23

123
52
71
50

72
58
14
4

121
83
38
1

201
64
137
113

157
68
89
7

248
124
124
14

95
76
19
“

-

-

911
271
640

3 9 .5 269 .50 271.50 2 0 8 .0 0 -3 3 0 .0 0
4 0 .0 313 .00 327.50 2 8 2 .0 0 -3 6 0 .5 0
3 9 .0 2 51 .00 217.00 2 0 2 .0 0 -3 1 4 .5 0

-

-

-

-

40
13
27

28
19
9

34
20
14

122
29
93

115
43
72

71
37
34

95
76
19

_

_

-

48
7
41

_

-

193
8
185

_

-

134
18
116

-

-

31
1
30

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

--------------------------

-

-

-

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS* CLASS B --------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURIN6 ----------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

1.0 78
346
732
155

238.50 233.00 1 6 9 .0 0 -3 1 3 .0 0
286 .00 290.50 2 5 1 .5 0 -3 4 0 .5 0
216.00 184.00 1 6 2 .5 0 -2 5 2 .5 0
237 .50 242.00 1 8 0 .0 0 -3 1 3 .0 0

2
2
-

5
5
-

14
14
-

123
4
119
14

207
24
183
25

124
12
112
7

41
7
34
14

50
11
39
15

83
39
44
34

44
39
5
4

87
63
24
1

79
35
44
34

42
25
17
7

177
87
90
-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

NONMANUFACTURING--------------------------

PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS A --------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

53

7
-

5
-

See footnotes at end o f ta b les.




18

-

-

_

_

~

-

_

_

_

~

-

-

22
22
-

-

_

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

“
8
7
1

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Table A-11. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers, large establishments
Detroit, Mich., March 1979
Occupation and industry division

Num
tuu
of
woiken

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard'

Mean2

Median1

Middle range2

N um ber o f w ork ers re c e iv in g stra ig h t-tim e w eek ly earnings o f—
s
s
%
S
%
S
*
i
t
S
S
S
s
*
S
*
S
*
S
t
360
160
380
400
4 40
480
640
180
200
520
560 600
680
220
240
280
260
300
320
340
Under
and
S
under
160
180
200
2 20
380
240
260
300
400 440
480
520
320
600 640
340
360
280
560
680
7?0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BUSINESS! ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

2 .3 30
1.381
949

$
$
$
$
39 .5 486.00 497.50 4 1 2 .0 0 -5 5 4 .0 0
4 0 .0 500.00 512.00 4 3 0 .5 0 -5 6 6 .5 0
3 9 .0 466.00 468.50 3 9 6 .5 0 -5 5 1 .0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S IN E S S !* CLASS A --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

667
284
403

3 9 .0 522 .50 537.00 4 4 8 .5 0 -5 8 5 .5 0
4 0 .0 538.50 558.00 4 3 1 .5 0 -6 3 0 .0 0
38 .5 511 .50 524.50 4 6 5 .5 0 -5 5 1 .0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S IN E S S !* CLASS B --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------

1.0 72
735
337
140

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S IN E S S !* CLASS C --------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

569
207

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U SIN E SS! ----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------

1.499
930
569
32

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S IN E S S *.
CLASS A ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

500
114

4 0 .0 469.00 468.50 4 3 5 .0 0 -5 1 0 .0 0
40 .0 446.50 447.50 4 0 1 .5 0 -5 0 5 .0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S IN E S S !•
CLASS B ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

585
340
245

4 0 .0 389.50 393.50 3 5 5 .5 0 -4 2 7 .5 0
4 0 .0 397.50 398.00 3 7 1 .0 0 -4 2 7 .5 0
4 0 .0 378.00 381.50 3 2 4 .5 0 -4 2 8 .0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S IN E S S !.
CLASS C -----------------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r in g ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

412
204
208

4 0 .0 339.50 342.50 2 9 3 .0 0 -3 7 7 .5 0
4 0 .0 361.00 360.50 3 3 5 .5 0 -3 7 8 .0 0
4 0 .0 318.50 308.00 2 5 9 .5 0 -3 6 7 .0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------

1.348
805
543
123

40 .0 334.50 346.00 2 5 8 .5 0 -4 0 7 .5 0
4 0 .0 369.00 383.50 3 2 2 .0 0 -4 2 4 .5 0
3 9 .5 283.00 258.50 2 2 0 .0 0 -3 5 5 .0 0
3 9 .5 283.00 258.50 2 5 4 .0 0 -3 3 3 .0 0

18

COMPUTER OPERATORS* CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

220
149
71

40 .0 377.00 388.00 3 0 6 .5 0 -4 4 5 .5 0
4 0 .0 406.50 418.00 3 7 0 .0 0 -4 5 9 .0 0
4 0 .0 315.50 291.50 2 5 6 .0 0 -3 5 5 .0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS* CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------

595
361
234
43

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

364.00 2 6 0 .0 0 -4 0 9 .0 0
391.50 3 3 2 .5 0 -4 2 4 .0 0
290.00 2 2 2 .0 0 -3 6 7 .5 0
333.00 2 3 7 .0 0 -3 3 3 .0 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
38 .5

494.00
503.50
473.50
421.00

517.50
532.50
443.00
419.00

4 1 1 .5 0 -5 6 6 .5 0
4 4 2 .0 0 -5 7 3 .5 0
4 0 2 .5 0 -5 5 1 .5 0
3 9 7 .5 0 -4 3 3 .5 0

3 9 .5 427.50 442.00 3 4 8 .5 0 -5 0 0 .5 0
3 9 .0 367.00 345.50 3 1 0 .5 0 -3 9 6 .0 0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

402.00
422.00
369.50
308.50

341.50
370.50
296.00
293.00

403.00 3 5 1 .0 0 -4 5 7 .0 0
416.50 3 7 1 .5 0 -4 7 1 .0 0
368.00 2 9 8 .5 0 -4 3 5 .0 0
292.50 2 8 8 .0 0 -3 2 0 .5 0

3
-

-

“

“

-

”

_

_

_

_

_

“

“

”

“

_

_

17
8
9

29
12
17

_

_

60
23
37

“

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

6
4
2
“

”

_

59
17
42

79
36
43

96
51
45

164
93
71

267
130
137

265
156
109

314
218
96

452
265
187

306
218
88

145
94
51

62
52
10

12
8
4

1

_

-

“

1

6
2
4

15
8
7

38
21
17

91
49
42

93
25
68

72
14
58

151
25
126

77
32
45

69
48
21

62
52
10

12
8
4

24
17
7
2

38
30
6
6

62
43
19
7

106
63
43
31

97
14
83
63

73
43
30
20

130
105
25
5

234
182
52
6

217
179
38
“

76
46
30

_

_

-

-

-

-

99
11

112
13

67
9

12
5

_

_

_

~

-

-

80
60
20

26
21
5
"

2
1
1
“

-

-

“

-

26
5

2
1

_

_

_

_

-

“

~

~

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

~

-

-

3
3

13
9

24
17

52
33

34
34

35
31

19
19

20
11

79
12

_

_

-

-

2
2
“

23
2
21
“

43
1
42
2

40
8
32
4

61
14
47
14

56
22
34
3

97
55
42
3

86
48
38
1

180
137
43
“

134
89
45
4

281
190
91
1

240
169
71

~

4
4
“

144
111
33
“

_

_

_

_

_

1
“

6
6

8
7

8
3

10

“

A

17
8

91
19

148
32

114
14

69
15

8

6
2
4

31
5
26

29
12
17

36
19
17

38
24
14

80
54
26

97
70
27

143
93
50

71
43
28

29
10
19

10
6
4

_

_

“
_

_

4

_

-

-

-

-

4

“

_

_
-

-

-

17
17
-

45
6
39
1

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

“

_

6
6

17
17

18

See footn otes at end of ta b les.




3

-

19

“

3
2
1

8
-

~

_

_

_
“

2
2
-

18
18

35
1
34

34
6
28

29
8
21

21
10
11

53
35
18

40
19
21

90
77
13

20
10
10

47
25
22

21
10
11

1
1
“

95
33
62
8

75
26
49
10

111
11
100
49

64
35
29
3

69
36
33
10

66
47
19
5

88
59
29
18

91
69
22
9

106
60
46
7

124
104
20
2

201
168
33
”

159
134
25
1

19
17
2
“

_

-

“

-

4
2
2

4
2
2

17
2
15

11
4
7

16
&
10

6
6

12
10
2

20
7
13

13
9

21
19
2

34
32
2

43
39
4

19
17
2

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

49
25
24
6

37
14
23
8

36
5
31
4

23
13
10

17
4
13

25
12
13

47
22
25
17

28
24
4
1

59
28
31
6

69
58
11

112
96
16

70
60
10

_

-

1

A

i

-

-

i

-

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Table A-11. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers, large establishments,
Detroit, Mich., March 1979— Continued
(standard)
Number
of
worker*

Average
weekly
hour*1
(ftanda d
n

N u m ber o f w o rk ers re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e we ekly earnings of—
S

s

%

160

*

*

%

s
S
*
280 300 320

Mean2

Madiu1

Middle range 2

s

%

s

s

%

%

s

$

%

s

%

340

360

380

400

4 40

480

5 20

560

600

640

680

340

360

380

400

440

480

520

560

600

640

680

720

35
35

29
27
2

43
38
5

34
23
11

34
27
7

55
40
15

46
35
11

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

355
355

_
-

-

-

-

~

-

180

200

220

240

260

180

Occupation and industry division

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

18

11

-

-

18

11

28
6
22

42
6
36

34
10
24

58
4
54

30
18
12

36
26
10

Under
and
S
under

160

COMPUTER OPERATORS -

CONTINUED
$
$
$
$
4 0 .0 309.00 307.00 2 4 1 . 0 0 - 3 8 0 . 0 0
348.00 348.00 3 0 4 . 5 0 - 4 0 2 . 5 0
39 .5 261.00 246.50 2 0 5 . 0 0 - 2 8 1 . 5 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C -------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONHA NUF AC T U R I N G --------------------------

533
295
238

COMPUTER DATA LIBRARIANS -----------------

82

ORAFTERS ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

3,358
3,134
224
63

4 0 .0
40 .0
40 .0
40 .0

ORAFTERS* CLASS A ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

1,924
1,816
108

40 .0 504.50 517.00 4 7 0 . 5 0 - 5 5 4 . 5 0
40 .0 512.00 520.50 4 8 1 . 5 0 - 5 5 6 . 5 0
4 0 . 0 384.50 378.00 3 5 6 . 5 0 - 4 1 5 . 5 0

DRAFTERS, CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONHANIX *C TUN1N6

706
624

4 0 . 0 400.50 412.50 3 6 7 . 0 0 - 4 4 3 . 0 0
4 0 .0 412.50 417.50 3 8 4 . 5 0 - 4 4 6 . 5 0

ORAFTERS, CLASS C -------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

452
418

40 .0 348.50 354.50 3 1 9 . 5 0 - 3 8 1 . 0 0
4 0 . 0 358.00 357.50 3 3 0 . 5 0 - 3 8 3 . 0 0

251

40 .0 300.00 298.50 2 8 3 . 5 0 - 3 1 9 . 0 0

n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

--------------------------

4 0 .0

39 .0 272.50 265.00 2 3 6 . 0 0 - 2 7 5 . 0 0
444.50
452.50
334.00
366.00

453.00
464.00
336.00
336.00

370.50-527.00
381.50-531.50
298.50-375.00
321.00-424.00

5

-

2

7

9

7

32

2

4

1

1

2

3

6

1

-

1

1

4

7

-

-

-

-

1

1
-

4

7
-

22
8
14

35
24
11
1

57
46
11

132
123
9

172
149
23
13

155
117
38
20

156
130
26
3

192
165
27
4

187
174
13

419
404
15
14

512
511
1
~

5 58
558
-

2

393
370
23
6

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

23
10
13

43
20
23

37
24
13

144
121
23

251
2 36
15

473
472
1

355
355

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

7
15

5 58
558

-

7
4
3

22

-

-

-

41
18

31
18
13

63
59

95
95

193
193

163
163

39
39

_
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

45
45

91
91

83
83

55
55

56
56

5
5

-

-

-

_

-

_

'

'

"

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS
HA NUF AC I UN ANb
REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSES ---------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

72
65
460
414

_

_

-

-

-

ii
9

3

2
-

5
-

10
3

11
4

50
32

8

10
10

66
64

Z

1

1
"

4
'

4

17
5

6

4

'

-

-

1 3
53

40 .0

11

117
113

71
68

wuo.uu

4 0 . 0 378.50 389.00 3 4 6 . 0 0 - 4 2 3 . 5 0
4 0 .0 381.00 392.00 3 4 6 . 0 0 - 4 2 8 . 0 0

_

-

-

See footnotes at end of tables.




_
-

2

ja w * 3U

'

WNUFACTURIN6

-

-

20

2
2

-

19
13

19
17

10
8

17
17

21
20

58
48

65
52

61
56

-

-

-

Table A-12. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex.
large establishments, Detroit, Mich., March 1979
Arenae
(mean')
O ccupation,

and in du stry d ivis io n

at

wodcei*

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

W
OMEN

W h
eek r
h rs
ou
(standard]

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

6.421
A . 072

SECRETARIES ------MANUFACTURING

$
3 9. 5 329.50
40 .0 350.00

383
261

4 0 . 0 387.00
4 0. 0 420.00

Occupation, s e x ,3 and industry d iv is io n

Num
ber
of
workera

Weekly
W
eekly
hou
r*
earnings1
(standard) (standard)

SECRETARIES. CLASS B
m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------

1. A l l
966

3 9. 5 369.50
4 0. 0 386.50

SECRETARIES. CLASS C
MANUFACTURING -------nonmanufacturing:
PUBLIC U T IL I T IE S

2.993
2.190

3 9. 5 337.00
4 0. 0 344.00

sec retaries,

class

e

NONMANUFACTURING —
STENOGRAPHERS -----------MANUFACTURING ------NONMANUFACTURING PUBLIC U T IL I T IE S
STENOGRAPHERS. SENIOR
NONMANUFACTURING ----STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL
MANUFACTURING -----------NONNANUFACTURIN6 ------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --TYPISTS ------------------MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING
T Y P IS TS . CLASS A
MANUFACTURING --NONNANUFACTURI N
G

25

4 0. 0 304 *00

270
23A

39 .5 238.50
39. 5 229.00

1.750
817
933
225

39 .0
4 0. 0
38 .5
40 .0

1.220
610

38 .5 287.00
37 .5 293.50

530
207
323
1AO

40.0
40. 0
4 0. 0
4 0. 0

273.50
271.00
276.00
291.50

242.50
241.50
243.00
294.00

1. A98
372
1.126

39. 0 223.00
39. 5 266.50
3 9. 0 208.50

755
2A5
510

38. 5 270.50
40. 0 286.00
38. 0 262.50

7A3
127
616
7A

4 0. 0
39. 5
4 0. 0
4 0. 0

79A
7A9

4 0. 0 150.00
3 9. 5 142.50

FILE CLERKS. CLASS B
NONMANUFAC TURING —

272
233

39 .5 179.00
3 9. 5 160.00

FILE CLERKS. CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING —

A9A
A88

4 0 . 0 133.00
4 0. 0 132.50

TY P IS T S . CLASS B --MANUFACTURING ------NONMAN UF ACT UR IN6 PUBLIC U T IL I T IE S
FILE CLERKS -----------NONMANUFACTURING

174.50
229.50
163.50
210.50

Occupation, s e x .3 and industry d ivis io n

Num
ber
of
workan

COMPUTER OPERATORS ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

940
580
360

$
4 0. 0 344.0 0
4 0. 0 381.50
4 0 . 0 284.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS* CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

188
125
63

4 0 . 0 385.00
4 0. 0 422.00
4 0 . 0 311.50

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T IL I T IE S ----------------------

435
261
174
40

40.0
40. 0
40.0
4 0. 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS C -------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

317
194

40 .0 316.50
4 0. 0 353.50

PERIPHERAL EQUIPMENT OPERATORS ------

54

4 0 . 0 342.00

3 9 . 5 256.00
4 0 . 0 298.00
3 9 . 5 235.00

DRAFTERS --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------------PUBLIC U T IL I T IE S ----------------------

3*191
2.987
204
61

40.0
4 0. 0
40.0
4 0. 0

845
265
580

3 9 . 5 273.00
4 0 . 0 313.50
3 9. 0 254.50

DRAFTERS* CLASS A -------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

1*903
1*800
103

4 0 . 0 506.00
4 0 . 0 513.0 0
4 0 . 0 386.00

986
345
641

40.0
40.0
40.0

DRAFTERS* CLASS B -------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

664
590
74

4 0 . 0 405.5 0
4 0 . 0 416.50
4 0. 0 315.00

ORAFTERS. CLASS C -------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

410
383

4 0. 0 351.00
4 0. 0 359.50

DRAFTERS* CLASS 0 -------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

199
199

4 0 . 0 299.50
4 0. 0 299.50

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS ------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

72
65

4 0. 0 417.00
4 0. 0 422.50

$
212.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

68

ORDER CLERKS --------------------------------------

80

3 8. 0 219.50

59

37.0

174.50

ACCOUNTING CLERKS:
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

653

40.0

290.50

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS A:
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

418

40.0

321.00

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS BI
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

235

3 9. 5

235.50

PAYROLL CLERKS ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

308
117
191

3 9 . 5 222.50
4 0 . 0 277.00
3 9 . 5 189.00

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS -------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

1.831
610
1.221

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS A -----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS B -----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

3 9. 5

241.00
285.50
217.00

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BUSINESSi:
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

Weekly
W
eekly
h rs
ou
eamlafs1
standard) (itsndard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS UOMEN— CONTINUED

ORDER CLERKS. CLASS B -------------------

SECRETARIES. CLASS A
MANUFACTURING --------

Avtnci
(m.u*|

Arerane
(mean')

Num
ber

1.200

4 0 . 0 509.00

347.00
383.50
292.50
289.50

451.00
459.00
340.00
368.00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BUS INESSI. CLASS a :
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

242

4 0 . 0 556.00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BU SINESSI• CLASS B --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

879
662

4 0 . 0 509.50
4 0 . 0 511.00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BUSINE SSI. CLASS C ---------------------

402

4 0 . 0 448.50

operators:
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

201

4 0 . 0 343.00

143
96

3 9. 5 3 3 3 .0»i
4 0. 0 341.00

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - UOMEN

c om p u t e r

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( BUS INE SSi :
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

663

4 0 . 0 438.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( BUS INE SSI .
CLASS A ------------------------------------------

399

4 0 . 0 479.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS CS
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

93

4 0. 0 344.00

REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSES ---------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

399
366

4 0 . 0 378.90
4 0. 0 379.90

messengers:

MANUFACTURING
SUITCHB OARD OPERATORS
MANUFACTURING ------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T IL I T IE S

56
315
136
179
3A

4 0. 0 242.50
39 .5
4 0. 0
39. 5
4 0. 0

244.50
299.00
203.50
275.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( BUS INE SSI .
class b :
m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------

See footnotes at end of tables.




21

228

4 0 . 0 404.00

Table A-13. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers,
large establishments, Detroit, Mich., March 1979
Hourly rim in fi 4

Num ber o f w o rk e rs r e c e iv in g stra ig h t-tim e hou rly earnings
1 -------- s
7 .0 0 7 .2 0

Occupation and industry division
w
orkers

M 2 Median2
ean

MlckD. r i a i i 1

Under
7 .0 0

700
616
a«
AO

$
9 .7 6
9 .8 9
8 .7 5
8 .0 6

$
1 0 . 1A
1 0 .1 8
8 .8 9
7 .9 8

$
9 .7
1 0 .1
7 .9
7 .8

MAINTENANCE ELECTR ICIANS -------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONNANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------

A . 273
A , 1 5A
119
3A

1 0 .3 1
1 0 .3 3
9 .A A
8 .7 7

1 0 . A5
1 0 . A5
9 .1 A
8 .6 8

MAINTENANCE PAINTERS -----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

675
616
59

9 .9 1
9 .9 8
9 .1 6

MAINTENANCE MACHINISTS ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURIN6:
PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S ---------------------------

755
693
62

$
8 -1 0 .1 9
A—1 0 . 1 9
8 - 9 .0 A
A - 8 .1 6

i

4
8 .0 0

s
8 .2 0

s
8 . AO

S
8 .6 0

s
8 .8 0

s
9 .0 0

s

7 .8 0

9 .2 0

9 . AO

*
9 .6 0

7 . AO 7 . 6 0

7 .8 0

8 .0 0

8 .2 0

8 . AO

8 .6 0

8 .8 0

9 .0 0

9 ,2 0

9 , AO

9 .6 0

9 . 8 0 1 0 . 0 0 1 0 . 2 0 1 0 . AO 1 0 . 6 0 1 0 T aq 1 1 . 2 0 1 1 . 6 0

12
8
A
A

2
-

29

48
35
13
11

-

3
-

-

3
3

A
A
A

30
6
2A

5
5
-

-

-

-

2

-

-

“

“

-

52
52
-

8
8
-

2
2
-

20
2
18
1A

12
5
7
7

38
10
28
4

A9
A3
6
5

-

-

9
5
4
A

_

_

36
30
6

1
1

5
5

19
1
18

-

6
6

3
3

31
31

-

“

“

-

_

5
2

1

1

_

“

37
18

5A
54

1

1

19

-

-

-

-

15
15

-

56
56

8
8

5
3

92
92

A2
A1

36
2
3A
3A

2
2
-

59
21
38
38

31A
2A6
68
66

602
558
AA
18

627
5A9
78

-

-

28
28

_

195
195

A1
A1

15A3
1531

8A9
8A1

50
50

ii
ii

96
96

_

4

25
25

4
4

16
6

_

11
11

AA1
A A1

159
159

-

_

~

-

20
20

_

-

12
12

590
590

63
63

169
169

1738
1721

2067
2036

_

“

-

15
15

132
132

-

10
10

-

-

-

-

126
126

1539
1539

A 61
A 61

16
16

-

_

177
177

31
31

1A06
1A06

A307
A307

-

5
5

22
16

80
75

16

-

16

-

6

5

138
137
1

A
a
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 0 .3 7 - 1 0 . A5
1 0 . 3 7 - 1 0 . A5
8 . 9 5 - 1 0 . A5
8 .6 3 - 9 .0 1

_

7
7

-

68
68
-

1 0 .1 0
1 0 .1 3
8 .7 A

1 0 . 1 0 - 1 0 . 1A
1 0 .1 0 - 1 0 .1 A
8 . 5 7 - 1 0 . 1A

3

_

_

-

-

3

1
1

9 .9 7
1 0 . OA

1 0 .2 6
1 0 .2 6

9 .7 3 -1 0 .2 7
1 0 . 0 A—1 0 . 2 7

-

-

-

-

“

9. 1A

9 .2 7

8 .0 0 -1 0 .2 9

-

-

-

_
~

15
15

_

-

15
15
-

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY)
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

A , 599
A , 568

1 0 .2 0
1 0 .2 1

1 0 . 37
1 0 .3 7

1 0 . 2 8 - 1 0 . A5
1 0 .3 1 - 1 0 . A5

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR VECHILES) ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------N0NMANUFACTURIN6 -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S ---------------------------

1 .9 0 0
1 .A A 8
A52
321

9 .8 9
1 0 . OA
9. A1
9 .2 1

1 0 . 19
1 0 .1 9
9 .7 5
9 .2 7

9 .8 6 -1 0 .2 2
1 0 .0 8 - 1 0 .2 2
8 .7 1 -1 0 .1 8
8 .7 1 - 9 .8 0

MAINTENANCE P IP E FITTE R S ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

2 .9 3 8
2 .9 0 9

1 0 .0 8
1 0 .0 9

1 0 . 19
1 0 .1 9

1 0 .1 8 - 1 0 .2 2
1 0 .1 8 - 1 0 .2 2

MAINTENANCE SHEET-METAL WORKERS —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

697
675

1 0 .0 6
1 0 .1 1

1 0 . 19
1 0 .1 9

1 0 .1 8 - 1 0 .2 2
1 0 .1 8 - 1 0 .2 2

MILLWRIGHTS --------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

A . 859
A . 811

1 0 .0 9
1 0 .0 9

1 0 .1 9
1 0 .1 9

1 0 .1 8 - 1 0 .2 2
1 0 .1 8 - 1 0 .2 2

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS (TOOLROOM)
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

2 .2 2 0
2 *2 2 0

1 0 .2 2
1 0 .2 2

1 0 .2 6
1 0 .2 6

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

6 .0 2 7
6 .0 2 6

1 0 .3 9
1 0 .3 9

STATIONARY ENGINEERS -----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONHA NUF ACTURI N G --------------------------------

A60
373
87

1 0 .1 9
1 0 .3 0
9 .7 A

-

“
-

-

-

-

2
2

-

“

23
5

20
20

-

12
10

-

-

18

-

-

2

3

10
10

_

58
52

A6
33

-

22
-

25
5
20
19

39
30
9

26
19

37
-

29

8

22
22

7

37
36

29
29

8
1

22
22

A5
A5

-

2
2

A

-

A

128
128

13
-

17
17
17

18
18

33
28

56
56

_
*
_
“
_

16
16

“
_

6

-

_

-

-

_

*

“

-

-

26
26

-

1 0 .2 6 - 1 0 .2 8
1 0 .2 6 - 1 0 .2 8

-

-

-

“

-

66
66

1 0 . A6
1 0 . A6

1 0 . A 0 - 1 0 .A 6
1 0 . A 0 - 1 0 .A 6

-

-

_

_

52
52

-

1 0 .2 7
1 0 .2 7
9 .2 5

1 0 . 1 A— 1 . 0 0
1
1 0 . 1 9 - 1 0 . A5
9 .0 5 -1 1 .0 0

15
15

1

-

2

“

-

i

A5
A5

-

-

-

~

-

8
8

3

“

-

-

“

-

18
18

13
13

a

-

20
20

_
“

-

1

See footnotes at end of tables.




12
17
16

-

4

2
-

s
" 5 --------- 5---------? -----*
s
s
9 . 8 0 1 0 . 0 0 1 0 . 2 0 1 0 . AO 10 . 6 0 1 0 . 8 0 1 1 . 2 0 1 1 . 6 0

s
7 .6 0

%

7 . AO

%

and
under
7 .2 0

MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONNANUF ACTURI N E -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S ---------------------------

s

22

-

1
1

6
5
1

2
2

“

“
2

-

*

“

-

-

-

4
4

-

_

-

*

2
2

_

-

“

“

4
4

-

-

AA
44

-

6
-

1
1

5
-

7
2

21

5

5

21

i

A

-

10
10

-

“

66
6A

-

9
9
-

A61
AA8
13

23
21
2
-

-

57
57
-

17A
17A
-

56
56
-

133A

2188

132A
10

2151
37

1
1
-

11
10
1

5A2
526
16

1
1

91
91

-

-

1

-

*

10
9

2
2

-

-

A
4
-

o ve r

-

*

“

32
32
-

38
37
1

81
80
1

_

4

-

-

-

-

-

4

11
7
4

357
339

A1
A1

4
4

10
10

61
61

18

-

-

-

-

2767 1170
276 A 116A

_

-

“

“

131
131

i
i
-

28
-

_
-

-

-

57
32
25

A8
A8

-

_

__

-

_

-

-

_
A1

19

37

19

4

Table A-14. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers, large establishments, Detroit, Mich., March 1979
Number of workers receiving straight-tim e hourly earnings of—

H
ourly earnings 4

s
1 --------~ i--------1 -------- *
3 .6 0 3 .8 0
4 .2 0 4 .4 0
o
o

Occupation and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

M 2 Median*
ean

M
iddle range 2

Under
*
3 .6 0

TRUCKORIVERS --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

3?603
2? 196
1 ? *07

TRUCKDRIVERS. LIGHT TRUCK -----------NONMANUFACTURING--------------------------

167
125

6 .6 3
6.2 6

$
9.43
9. 19
9. 58

$
8.468.359.58-

6.9 8
6.7 3

$
9.58
9.4 3
9.6 3

s
4 .8 0

s
5 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 ,8 0

5

5

53
16
37

66
-

5

66

52
50
2

222
196
26

405
361
44

569
4 56
113

_

-

5
5

4
4

5
5

37
37

43
43

20
2

26
7

5

-

”

“

-

-

-

-

4

-

17

-

1
-

15
15
-

34
34
-

4
4

1
1

5
5

2
2

4
4

_

-

”

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8.71

8.64

8 . 5 5 - 8. 64

8.1 3
7.6 9

8.55
7.7 8

8 . 0 4 - 8 .5 5
6 . 6 5 - 8.5 5

SHIPPERS ANO RECEIVERS --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

520
277

8.41
8. 36

8.55
8.55

8 . 4 6 - 8. 64
8 . 4 6 - 8 .5 5

WAREHOUSEMEN --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

1 ? 29*
555
739

8.2 3
8.08
8.3*

8.39
8. 39
8.45

8 . 3 9 - 8. 45
8 . 1 5 - 8 .3 9
8 . 3 9 - 8 .4 5

ORDER FILLERS ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

2.0 95
1 ? 788

8.4 9
8.5 5

8.45
8.46

8 . 3 0 - 8 .5 5
8 . 3 8 - 8 .5 5

SHIPPING PACKERS -------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

903
506

8.07
7.8 9

8.3 3
8.38

8 . 2 5 - 8.41
7 . 3 0 - 8.41

MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

*.3*9
3?648
701

8.11
8. 24
7. 42

8.29
8.29
8.39

8 . 2 5 - 8. 47
8 . 2 5 - 8.4 7
5 . 8 8 - 8.39

FORKLIFT OPERATORS ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------------------

9 ? 656
8.7 65
891

8. 40
8.38
8.61

8.46
8.46
8.46

5 .^ 0

* ,0 0

8 . 3 9 - 8.5 2
8 . 3 9 - 8.5 2
8 . 3 9 - 8.5 2

6 .*9

9 . 1 9 - 9 .4 3
8 . 5 1 - 9. 43
9 . 5 8 - 9. 70

371

5 .4 0

POWER-TRUCK OPERATORS
(OTHER THAN FORKLIFT!

---------------------

850

8.41

8.41

3.627
2.402

7 .3 3
8.54

8.65
8.79

5 . 5 3 - 8 .8 7
8 . 6 5 - 8.8 7

68

7 .9 7

7.78

GUAROS? CLASS A -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

6. 44
6 .2 2

6. 13
6.1 3

GUARDS? CLASS B -----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

3.321
2.3 26

7.41
8. 59

JANITORS? PORTERS? AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------

7.9 35
4.8 92
3 .0 * 3
3*4

6.9 4
7.90
5.39
6. 60

7 ,2 9

12
12

*

1

-

*1 .2 9

-

1
1

1
1

6
6

2
2

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

• -

i

1

-

-

5

-

4

4

-

i

1

4

4

_

_

_

-

-

1
1

1
1

_

5
5

33
28

9 .6 0 1 0 .0 0

over

-

1694
1008
686

388
44
344

69
31
38

-

-

_

.

*

*

34
34

-

48

5

-

44

*3 1

276
250
26

145
145

29
29

1124
1008
116

344
344

38

8

30

16

64
64

-

-

-

-

2

294

13

12
8

22
10

8
8

14
4

56
56

20
7

434
51

-

17
9

52
30

3
2

14
12

4 30
220

-

32
25
7

2
-

18
15
3

101
48
53

464
302
162

415
113
302

_

779

6

3
3

-

-

38

-

-

“

-

165
165

-

1
1

5
5

-

-

-

*

“

4
4

41

8

8

15
15

_

-

-

4
4

3
3

5

13

5

13

11
11

6

6

-

-

11

12

58
51
7

-

-

20

10

_

6

-

“

-

-

-

-

969
778

699

21
21

271

“

_

12

13
13

55
55

-

114

-

465

2 52

_

_

-

114

-

112

212

-

22
15
7

28
20

164

40
40

179
177
2

2345
1999
346

1308
1243
65

18

67

86

» 1

_

11

4

5

92
92

297
280
17

159

2898
2716
182

57 34
5286
448

185
172
13

195
27
168

10

-

10

*

-

-

“

”

“

41
41

1
1

21
21

12
12

11
11

86

8

2

154
10

-

106
53

-

18
-

271

67

-

“

“
“

31
17

12

5

_

4

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

5 . 5 8 - 7 .1 5
5 . 4 4 - 7 .0 3

_
-

5

12
12

1
1

-

4
4

6

5

_
-

8.65
8.79

5 . 3 7 - 8 .8 7
8 . 6 5 - 8 .8 7

_
-

12

800

8.11
8.11
4.65
7.01

4.888.114.585.41-

800

21
10

14

37

25

-

-

-

80
44

11

6

9
9

33
33

16
16

79
35

33
33
13
13
92
63
29
28

1

56

-

56
4

11

-

_
-

-

-

_
-

-

12
10

3
-

4

14*

50

25

97

1119

175
4
171

451
32
419
15

48
12
36
6

88

153
16
137
64

144

3

4

50

-

25
1

97 1 1 1 9
-

W o r k e rs w e r e at $ 10.80 to $ 11.20.

See footnotes at end of tables.




B .Q Q

-

-

i
i

_

_

8 .1 4
8 .1 4
5. 42
7 .6 6

7 ■*9

1

-

-

7 . 6 6 - 8.61

306
230

-

«.e o

8 . 4 1 - 8.41

GUAROS -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------non manufacturing:
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------

8 .8 0

5

6
6

686
259

1 --------1 --------1 --------1 —
S
8 .4 0 8 .8 0 9 .2 0 9 .6 0 1 0 .0 0

6

6 . 5 6 - 7 .3 7
6 . 0 5 - 6 .9 8

RECEIVERS -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

8 .0 0

6

1

SHIPPERS ----------------------------------------------

S

7 .6 0

5

1

4

8 . 5 0 - 9.8 6

s

5

4

2

9.8 5

*
7 .2 0

7

2

5

9.4 3
9.4 3
9.6 3

$
6 .8 0

7

5

1

9.2 3

6 . 40

-

1

9.1 8
9.0 3
9.6 0

6 .0 0

5 .2 0

4

1*0

5 .6 0

5 .0 0

4

2 ? 018
1 ? *93
525

~ r

1 ------- s

1

4 .0 0

6

TRUCKDRIVERS? TRACTOR-TRAILER ----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURINE --------------------------

S
5 .4 0

an d

6

TRUCKDRIVERS? MEDIUM TRUCK:
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

s
5 .2 0

and
under
3 .8 0

$
8.9 5
8.8 6
9 .0 9

%
4 .6 0

23

88
18

9

1

-

-

119
76
43

103
98

5
3

46
13

-

10

38

55

6 29

-

87

131
96

66
62

107
68

139
137

1163
10 47

953
925

1

1

4

39

2

21

-

-

-

-

34
34

4
4

4
4

4
2

51
21

-

-

”

-

97
96

62
62

103
68

135
135

1112
1017

953
925

1

-

-

-

353
259
94
86

314
291

119
28
91
90

4161
3975
186
4

58
38
20

118

92

_
-

_

-

-

-

-

23

22

118

92
-

Table A-15. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement
and custodial workers, by sex, large establishments, Detroit, Mich., March 1979
O ccupation, s e x ,3 and industry d ivis io n

Number
of
worker.

Avenge
(mean* )
hourly
earning!4

HAINTENANCE• TOOLROOM. AND
POWERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - MEN
MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS --------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------nonmanufacturing:
PUBLIC U T IL I T IE S ---------------------MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIANS ----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------nonmanufacturing:
PUBLIC U T IL I T IE S ----------------------

670
610

$
9 .7 9
9 .9 0

40

8 .7 7

MAINTENANCE PAINTERS -----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

661
613

9 .9 3
9 .9 9

MAINTENANCE MACHINISTS --------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------nonmanufacturing:
PUBLIC U T IL I T IE S ----------------------

9 .9 9
736
674 10. 06

maintenance

62

9 .1 4

MAINTENANCE PIPEFITTERS ------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------MAINTENANCE SHEET-METAL WORKERS ----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------MILLWRIGHTS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS (TOOLROOM! MANUFACTURING ------------------------------TOOL AND OIE MAKERS -------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

MAINTENANCE. TOOLROOM. AND
POWERPLANT OCCUPATIONS HEN— CONTINUED

Occupation, s e x ,3 and in du stry d iv is io n

Num
ber Average
(mean2)
of
hourly
w
oriten
earning!4

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED
$
7 .4 5
8 .5 5

6UAR0S ------------------------------------------------$
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------A37 10.25
no nm an u fa ct u ring :
373 10. 30
PUBLIC U T IL I T IE S -----------------------

STATIONARY e n g i n e e r s
m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----

3. 1 85
2.2 20
57

8 .0 1

GUAROSe CLASS B -----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

2.9 57
2.1 46

7.53
8 .6 0

9 .0 0
8. 86 JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------9 .2 5
NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

5. 78 3
3.7 68
2*015

7 .0 6
7.95
5 .4 1

SHIPPERS ----------------------------------------------

56

8.35

158
78

8.29
8.19

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN
TRUCKORIVERS ---------MANUFACTURING --NONMANUFACTURING

3.3 88
2. 17 2
1. 21 6

TRUCKDRIVERS. MEDIUM TRUCK!
MANUFACTURING --------------------TRUCKORIVERS. TRACTOR-TRAILER ----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

1A8

9 .2 4

2. 00 4
1.4 80
524

9.1 8
9 .0 3
9.6 0

MATERIAL MOVEMENT ANO CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

10.21
10.21

1.834
9 .9 3
1.4 46 10. 04
388
9 .5 1
2.912
2.8 83

10. 09
10. 09

691 10. 07
669 10. 11
4.8 56
4.8 08
2.2 20
2.220
6.0 24
6. 0 23

10. 09
10 .0 9
10 .2 2
10. 22
10. 39
10. 39

SHIPPERS

313

SHIPPERS ANO RECEIVERS --------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------8.79

362
199

8.4 6 ORDER FILLERS ------------------------------------8 .4 2
NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------ -

411
335

8.33
8.34

SHIPPING PACKERS ------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

374
111

8.02
7.32

MATERIAL HANOLING LABORERS -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

483
416

8.12
8.11

FORKLIFT OPERATORS!
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

108

8.03

guaros:
manu facturing

-------------------------------

160

8.58

GUARDS. CLASS B -----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

340
158

6.33
8.58

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

1*802
1.0 28

6.80
7.89

WAREHOUSEMEN -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

1.1 82
526
656

8.2 4
8 .0 7
8. 37

ORDER FILLERS -------NONMANUFACTURING

1. 67 5
1. 4 53

8 .5 4
8 .6 0

525
395

8 .1 2
8. 06

MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS
MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------

3.7 88
3.2 32
556

8 .1 7
8.2 6
7.6 4

FORKLIFT OPERATORS ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

9 . 475
8. 654
821

8 .4 0
8 .3 8
8 .6 6

SHIPPING PACKERS
MANUFACTURING

See footnotes at end o f ta b les.




Num
ber Average
(mean2)
of
worker! hourly
earning!4

SHIPPERS AND RECEIVERS
MANUFACTURING ---------

4. 55 2
4.5 21

m ech anics

(MOTOR WECHILES) -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------

and industry d iv is io n

8 .0 6

4. 20 4 1 0. 32
4.1 10 10.34
34

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY! MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

O ccupation,

24

Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions
Table B-1. Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks, Detroit, Mich., March 1979
In ex p erien ced typists

ESTABLISHBE NTS STUDIED

ESTABLISHMENTS HAVIN6 A SPECIFIED
MINIMUM ------------------------------------------*105.00
* 1 1 0 .0 0
*115.00
*120.00
*125.00
*130.00
*135.00
*1 *0.0 0
*1 *5.0 0
*1 5 0 .0 0
*155.00
*1 6 0 .0 0
*165.00
*1 7 0 .0 0
*175.00
*180.00
*185.00
*1 9 0 .0 0
*195.00
*200.00
*205.00
*210.00
*215.00
*220.00
*2 2 5 .0 0
*230.00
*235.00
*240.00
*245.00
*250.00
*255.00
*260.00
*265.00
*270.00

AND
•N
O
•N
O
AND
•N
O
•N
O
•N
O
•N
O
•N
D
•N
O
•N
O
•N
O
•N
O
•N
O
•N
O
•N
O
•N
O
AND
•N
D
•N
D
•N
O
•N
O
•N
O
AND
•N
O
•N
O
•N
D
•N
O
•N
O
•N
O
•N
O
•N
O
•N
O
•N
O

UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNOER
UNDER
UNOER
UNOER
UNOER
UNDER
UNOER
UNOER
UNDER
UNOER
UNOER
UNOER
UNOER
UNOER
UNOER
UNOER
UNOER
UNOER
UNOER
UNOER
UNOER
UNOER

*110.00
*115.00
*120.00
*125.00
*130.00
*135.00
*140.00
*145.00
*150.00
*155.00
*160.00
*165.00
*170.00
*175.00
*180.00
*185.00
*190.00
*195.00
<2 00 .0 0
*205.00
*210.00
*215.00
*220.00
*225.00
*230.00
*235.00
*240.00
*245.00
*250.00
*255.00
*260.00
*265.00
*270.00
*275.00

A ll
industries

A ll
schedules

205

61

40

10

1
2
2
3
4
2
3
2
5

3
1
1

1
2
2
1

40

A ll
schedules

40

XXX

144

XXX

20

8

30

_

_

1

_

1
1

1
-

2
1
3
4
2
3
2
5
2

2
1
1
2
1
3
1
2
2

1

-

1

1

“

1
2
1

1
2
1

A ll
in du stries
37*/2

1

2

1

_

XXX

XXX

24

57

38

12

6

84

27

1
1
2
2
-

3
4
6
10
6
6
9
6
4
2
2
3

2
1
2
2
3
1
1
1

-

2
1
2

:
-

:

-

-

-

1

_

-

-

_

_

2

1

-

_
_

37>/2

144

1
1

1

40

XXX

-

_

1
-

40

A ll
schedules

61

-

_

A ll
schedules

205

_
-

Nonmanufacturing

M anuf actur ing

XXX

-

3
1
2
2

_

3
2
6
9
4
4
6
6

_

3
1
1
1
2
3
1
-

1
1

1
2
2

4
8
4
2
2
2
2
1
2
2

1

-

1

1

-

1
2
1

_

2
1
2
1

-

1

1
2
1
1

2
1

2
1

1
1
2
2
3

3

2
1
2
1

-

:
-

-• fO fO

M in im u m w e e k ly s tr a ig h t-tim e s a l a r y 7

O ther in exp erien ced c le r ic a l w o r k e r s 8
Nonm anufacturing

M anufacturing

”

1

-

1

-

“

1

1

-

-

-

-

_
-

*
1
~
1

-

-

2

1
1

1

1

*

3

2

ESTABLISHMENTS HA VINE NO SPECIFIED
MINIMUM -----------------------------------------------

15

5

XXX

10

XXX

XXX

44

14

XXX

30

XXX

XXX

ESTABLISHMENTS UHICH OID NOT EMPLOY
WORKERS IN THIS CATEEORY -----------------

150

46

XXX

104

XXX

XXX

77

20

XXX

57

XXX

XXX

_

S ee footn otes at end o f ta b les.




25




Table B-2. Late-shift pay provisions for full-time manufacturing production
and related workers, Detroit, Mich., March 1979
J[AU j[ull^tim e_jnanufacturing_£roductioin<
and_related_w orkers = 100
W ork ers on late shifts

A ll workers 9
Second shift

Th ird shift

Second shift

Th ird shift

IN ESTABLISHMENTS UITH LATE SHIFT PROVISIONS

98.2

99.5

31.7

9.5

UITH NO PAY DIFFERENTIAL FOR LATE SHIFT WORK
UITH PAY DIFFERENTIAL FOR LATE SHIFT WORK ---UNIFORM CENTS-PER-HOUR DIFFERENTIAL -----------UNIFORM PERCENTAGE DIFFERENTIAL ------------------OTHER DIFFERENTIAL ------------------------------------------

98.2
25.9
72.8

99.5
21.5
71.7
1.3

31.7
6.1
25.6

9. 5
2 .7
6 .8
< 101

18.1
5 .0

29.6
9.8

18.3
5.0

26.1
9 .9

1.0
.5
•8
.5

.7
.2
.1
.3
1.3
.2
.3
.2
1.5
( 101

( 101
.1
.1

PERCENT OF UORKERS

AVERAGE PAY DIFFERENTIAL
UNIFORM CENTS-PER-HOUR DIFFERENTIAL --------------UNIFORM PERCENTAGE DIFFERENTIAL ---------------------PERCENT OF UORKERS BY TYPE ANO
AMOUNT OF PAY DIFFERENTIAL
UNIFORM
7
10
12
13
1*
15
17
18
19
20
21
22
2*
25
27
28
30
35
*0

c e n t s - p e r - ho ur:
C E N T S -----------------------------------------------------CENTS ----------------------------------------------------CENTS -----------------------------------------------------ANO UNOER 1* CENTS ------------------------------CENTS -----------------------------------------------------CENTS ----------------------------------------------------CENTS -----------------------------------------------------CENTS -----------------------------------------------------CENTS -----------------------------------------------------CENTS -----------------------------------------------------CENTS -----------------------------------------------------AND UNOER 23 CENTS ------------------------------CENTS -----------------------------------------------------CENTS -----------------------------------------------------CENTS -----------------------------------------------------AND UNOER 29 CENTS ------------------------------CENTS ------------------------------------------------------CENTS ----------------------------------------------------CENTS ------------------------------------------------------

UNIFORM p e r c e n t a g e :
3 PERCE NT ----------------------------------------------------A ANO UNOER 5 PERCENT ------------------------------5 ANO UNDER 6 PERCENT ------------------------------6 PERCENT ----------------------------------------------------7 AND UNOER 8 PERCENT ------------------------------10 PERCENT ---------------------------------------------------

.5
2.0
1 .2
.5
l.«
5 .2
•6
.9
1.1
6.2
•A
5.0
.5
.7
.7
69. 9
i .i
.5

See footn otes at end o f tables.

26

.9
•6
9.7
.9
•6
1.9
1.0
.5
5.1
2.5
.5

1.9
2.1
68.2

1.5
not

.1
.5
.1
.1
< 101
.2
.1
1.1
.2

.2
.2
25.1
.1
.1

( lot
.1
6 .6

Table B-3. Scheduled weekly hours and days of full-time first-shift workers, Detroit, Mich., March 1979
O ffic e w o rk ers

Produ ction and re la ted w ork ers
Ite m
A ll industries

Manufacturing

Nonm anufacturing

P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Nonm anufacturing

100

100

100

100

100

100

P u b lic u tilitie s

PERCENT OF WORKERS BY SCHEDULED
WEEKLY HOURS AND DAYS
WORKERS --------------

100

25 HOURS— DAYS ------------------------------5
30 HOURS— OAYS -----------------------------5
35 HOURS ------------------------------------------A 1/2 DAYS ---------------------------------5 D A Y S ---------------------------------------36 HOURS— OAYS ------------------------------5
36 1/4 HOUR S— D A Y S ---------------------5
36 3/4 HOURS—5 D A Y S ----------------------37 HOURS— DAYS -----------------------------5
37 1/4 HOURS-5 OAYS ---------------------37 1/2 HOURS-5 O A Y S ----------------------38 1/2 HOUR S—5 O A Y S ----------------------38 3/4 HOUR S— D A Y S ---------------------5
38 8/10 HOURS-5 DAYS --------------------39 HOURS-5 DAYS -----------------------------39 8/10 HOURS-5 OAYS --------------------40 HOURS ------------------------------------------5 OAYS ----------------------------------------6 OAYS ----------------------------------------42 HOURS-5 DAYS -----------------------------44 HOURS ------------------------------------------5 D A Y S ---------------------------------------5 1/2 OAYS --------------------------------45 HOURS ------------------------------------------5 OAYS ----------------------------------------6 D A Y S ----------------------------------------47 HOURS-5 DAYS -----------------------------48 HOURS ------------------------------------------5 D A Y S ----------------------------------------6 DAYS ----------------------------------------52 HOURS— DAYS -----------------------------6
53 HOURS— DAYS -----------------------------6
55 1/2 HOUR S— O A Y S ----------------------6
58 HOURS— DAYS ------------------------------6

ALL FULL-TIKE

(111
(111
(1 1 )
(111
(1 1 )
(1 1 )

( lit
(111

-

-

-

-

a n

-

-

_

_

2

1

3

-

M u
14

-

-

2

1

_

3

“

-

(1 1 )

-

-

_

(1 1 )

96
96

86

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

5

-

-

1
1

_

-

-

_

-

(111
(1 1 )
1

_

-

-

-

"

(1 1 )

-

3

-

2

1

3
93
93
(111
(1 1 )
(1 1 )
(1 1 )
(1 1 )
(1 1 )
(1 1 )
(1 1 )
(1 1 )
1
(111
(1 1 )
(1 1 )
(111
(1 1 )
1

100

_

5

(11 1
23
3

5
2
4
56
56

36
-

_
64
64

97
97

-

Ml I
(111

-

-

2

(Ill
(1 1 )

73
73

(111

-

95
95

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

1
4
2
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4 0.4

39.4

3 9 .9

39 .0

39.1

85
(1 1 )
2

-

2

(1 1 )
-

-

(1 1 )
1

-

(1 1 )
1
(1 1 )

2

1
( 111
1

-

-

-

AVERAGE SCHEDULED
WEEKLY HOURS
<
M
O
*

ALL WEEKLY WORK SCHEDULES -------------

4 0 .3

40.1

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




27

Table B-4. Annual paid holidays for full-time workers, Detroit, Mich., March 1979
Office w orkers

Production and related workers
Item
A ll industries

M anuf actur ing

Nonm anufacturing

P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

Pu blic utilities

PERCENT OF UORKERS
ALL FULL-TIMF

UORKERS --------------

IN ESTABLISHMENTS NOT PROVIDING
PAID HOLIDAYS -----------------------------IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVIDING
PAID HOLIDAYS ------------------------------

100

100

100

<111

_

(11)

99

100

99

100

99

100

99

100

14.5

1 7. 1

8.7

10.0

10.9

12. 4

9.8

1 0. 2

(11)
(11)
1
14
3
17
11
16
(11)
12
1
14

4
4
21
49

2
(11)
4

22
_
-

3
3
1
1
65

_
< ii)
5

100
99
99
97
95
89
81
77
73
70
68
66
65

98
85
64
37
24
11
9
5
5
5
5
5
5

100
-

100

100

-

(11)

100

100

-

(11 )

AVERAGE NUMBER OF PAID HOLIDAYS
FOR UORKERS IN ESTABLISHMENTS
PROVIDING HOLIDAYS --------------------PERCENT OF UORKERS BY NUMBER
OF PAID HOLIDAYS PROVIDED
2 HOLIDAYS --------------------------------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY ------------------------3 HOLIOAYS --------------------------------------A HOLIDAYS --------------------------------------6 HOLIDAYS --------------------------------------PLUS 1 OR MORE HALF DAYS --------7 HOLIDAYS --------------------------------------PLUS 1 OR M
ORE HALF DAYS --------8 HOLIOAYS --------------------------------------PLUS 1 OR MORE HALF OAVS --------9 HOLIOAYS --------------------------------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY ------------------------10 HOLIDAYS -------------------------------------PLUS 2 HALF DAYS ----------------------11 HOLIDAYS -------------------------------------PLUS 1 OR MORE HALF DAYS --------12 HOLIDAYS -------------------------------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY ------------------------13 HOLIDAYS -------------------------------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY ------------------------1* HOLIDAYS -------------------------------------15 HOLIDAYS -------------------------------------16 HOLIDAYS -------------------------------------17 HOLIDAYS -------------------------------------20 HOLIOAYS --------------------------------------

(11)
(11)
(11)
4
i
5
3
6
(11)
5
(11)
8

1
1
2
1
6

6

8

(id
4

4

3
(11)
2
2
1
1
47

4
<i d

-

-

j

(11)
5
2
3
1
3
3
4
2
16
1
18
2
3
1
31

3
1
70

2
1
(11)
(11)

2
2
(11)
1

2
-

2
-

5
-

3
-

8
-

(11 )
7
3
6
2
4
6
4
3
25
2
26
3
3

-

2
-

7
6
65
-

2
-

17

-

-

4

-

2
-

-

-

-

-

-

99
93
83
78
65
40
12
7
2
-

100
100
100
98
84
19
17

PERCENT OF UORKERS BY TOTAL
PAID HOLIOAY TIME PROVIDED 1
2
6 DAYS OR MORE --------------------------------7 DAYS OR MORE -------------------------------8 OAYS OR MORE -------------------------------9 OAYS OR MORE -------------------------------10 DAYS OR M
ORE ------------------------------11 DAYS OR MORE ------------------------------12 OAYS OR M
ORE ------------------------------13 DAYS OR MORE ------------------------------14 OAVS OR MORE ------------------------------15 DAYS OR MORE------------------------------16 OAVS OR M
ORE ------------------------------17 DAYS OR MORE ------------------------------20 OAYS ---------------------------------------------

99
94
88
79
74
65
59
55
52
51
49
48
47

100
100
96
92
71
22
22
-

See footn otes at end o f tables.




28

99
95
89
85
76
60
40
35
4
1
1
(11)

100
98
98
96
92
89
81
76
6
4
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers, Detroit, Mich., March 1979
Production and related workers

Office workers

Ite m

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

Nonmanufacturing

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

Public utilities

PERCENT OF UORKERS
ALL FULL-TINE

UORKERS ------------

IN ESTABLISHMENTS NOT PROVIOING
PAIO VACATIONS -------------------------IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVI0 1 N6
PAIO VACATIONS -------------------------LENGTH-OF-TINE PAYHENT ---------PERCENTAGE PATRENT ----------------OTHER PAYNENT --------------------------

100

100

100

(111

(1 1 )

(1 1 )

100

100

-

(111

100
_

99
9A
5
(111

99
93
6
1

99
96
9
(in

100
99
1

99
98
1
1

100
100

9
57
1
(111

8
70
( 11 I

13
27
2
(1 1 )
~

2
A1

3
38

100
(11 1

100

_

99
97
2
2

100
100

1
19
5
A8
17

4
51
11
7
2

(1 1 )
58

5

15
5
72
3
A

16
A
63
17
“

A
2
8A
A
5

80
20
-

-

-

AHOUNT OF PAIO VACATION AFTER 11
3

6 HONTHS OF SERVICE:
UNDER 1 UEEK -------------------------------1 UEEK ------------------------------------------OVER I AND UNOER 2 UEEKS ---------2 UEEKS ----------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNOER 3 UEEKS ---------1 t e a r of s e r v i c e :
UNDER 1 UEEK -------------------------------1 UEEK ------------------------------------------OVER 1 ANO UNOER 2 UEEKS ---------2 UEEKS ----------------------------------------OVER 2 ANO UNOER 3 UEEKS ---------3 UEEKS -----------------------------------------

(1 1 )
29
6
62
2
(111

20
5
73
1
1

2 YEARS OF SERVICE:
UNOER 1 UEEK -------------------------------1 UEEK ------------------------------------------OVER 1 ANO UNOER 2 UEEKS ---------2 UEEKS ----------------------------------------OVER 2 ANO UNOER 3 UEEKS ---------3 UEEKS -----------------------------------------

(1 1 )
12
3
81
3
(1 1 )

10
5
83
1
1

3 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 UEEK ------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNOER 2 UEEKS ---------2 UEEKS ----------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNOER 3 UEEKS ---------3 UEEKS ----------------------------------------OVER 3 ANO UNOER A UEEKS ---------A UEEKS ----------------------------------------A YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 UEEK ------------------------------------------OVER 1 ANO UNOER 2 UEEKS ---------2 UEEKS ----------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNOER 3 UEEKS ---------3 UEEKS ----------------------------------------OVER 3 ANO UNOER A UEEKS ---------A UEEKS -----------------------------------------

1
3
AO
5A
1

1
3
AO
5A
1
(Ill

_

_
_

-

5
21
72
2
-

5
21
72
1
“
1

-

~

2A
8

-

”

_

(1 1 )
50
8
38
A
“

23
1A
A5
18

ii
3
55
2
29

-

29
66

_

(1 1 )
17
(1 1 )
7A
8
(1 1 )

4

i
61
33
“

2
1
8A
13
(1 1 )

2
“
63
35

2
1
83
1A
(111
“

2
63
35
-

S ee footn otes at end o f ta b les.




8

29

3
2
63
3
30
1
(1 1 )
63
4
2
19
11
1
(1 1 )
63
5

2
19
11

(1 1 )
(1 1 )
33
-

66

-

28
2
4
A2
23

_
-

28
2
A
A2
23

2
(11 )
87
6
1
2
2
2
(11 I
86
6

1
2
2

-

-

80
20
-

”

.
-

80
20
-

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers, Detroit, Mich., March 1979— Continued
Office w orkers

Production and related workers
Item
A ll industries

Public utilities

A ll industries

Manufacturing

5A
31
12
A
”

f ill
1
A3
4
21
f ill
30

17
2
13
(111
68

_

(111

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

-

-

15

52
7
37
2

Nonmanufacturing

MOUNT OF PAID VACATION AFTER1 3
CONTINUED
5 YEARS OF SERVICE!
1 MEEK -----------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNOER 2 MEEKS ---------2 MEEKS ---------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNOER 3 MEEKS ---------3 MEEKS ---------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNOER A MEEKS ---------A MEEKS ---------------------------------------10 YEARS OF SERVICE!
1 MEEK -----------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNOER 2 MEEKS ---------2 MEEKS ---------------------------------------OVER 2 ANO UNOER 3 MEEKS ---------3 MEEKS ---------------------------------------OVER 3 ANO UNOER A MEEKS ---------A MEEKS ---------------------------------------OVER A ANO UNOER 5 MEEKS ---------5 MEEKS ---------------------------------------12 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 MEEK -----------------------------------------OVER 1 ANO UNOER 2 MEEKS ---------2 MEEKS ---------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNOER 3 MEEKS ---------3 MEEKS ---------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNOER A MEEKS ---------A MEEKS — ------------------------------------OVER A AND UNOER 5 MEEKS ---------5 MEEKS ---------------------------------------15 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 MEEK -----------------------------------------2 MEEKS ---------------------------------------OVER 2 ANO UNOER 3 MEEKS ---------3 MEEKS ---------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNOER A MEEKS ---------A MEEKS ---------------------------------------OVER A ANO UNOER 5 MEEKS ---------5 MEEKS ---------------------------------------6 MEEKS ---------------------------------------20 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 MEEK -----------------------------------------2 MEEKS ---------------------------------------OVER 2 ANO UNOER 3 MEEKS ---------3 MEEKS ---------------------------------------OVER 3 ANO UNOER A MEEKS ---------A MEEKS ---------------------------------------OVER A AND UNOER 5 MEEKS ---------5 MEEKS ---------------------------------------OVER 5 ANO UNOER 6 MEEKS ---------6 MEEKS ----------------------------------------

f ill
26
7
63
2
1
f ill
f ill
3
3
35
53
6
f ill
f ill
f ill
2
3
32
5A
8

2
8

7A
2
1

_
f 111
3
22
71
3
-

f ill
2
f ill
16
5
73
1
1

f 111
3
21
72
3

3
1
53
4
19
8
11

2
1
22
3
32
17
23

63
35
2

f 111

-

f ill

5A
37
9
-

-

6

-

1
23

13
5
80
f 111
1

_
f 111
3

2
17
2
75
-

f ill

-

8
18
55
16
2

a

58
4
i
“

_

2
5
1
17

-

-

-

38
4
29
3
1

48
18
17
16

30

6

-

5
(11 1
75
5
11
2
2

-

2
1
20
4
32
17
24

4
(111
73

_

(11 1
4
(ii i
34
4
52
1
5

(111
3
(111
24
3
50
(111
20
(111
(111
2
1
5
-

51
2
19
(111
20

20

(11 1

3
1
51
5
21
8

75

27
(11 1
A

-

11

2
f 111

(11 1
2
61

78
20

1

(11 1

(111
-

See footn otes at end o f tables.




-

-

2
f ill
6
1
58
13
20

"

f ill
2
(111
7
1
23
3
61
1
f ill

-

-

f ill

_

_

-

-

”

-

f ill

2
f ill
8
1
65
13
11

-

2
-

11
1
46
41
1

_
2
2
“

19
(111
36
-

41

-

«5

13
2
2

77
20
2

15
17
63

“

(11 1
2
2
6
-

74
3
7
1
5

71
17

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers, Detroit, Mich., March 1979— Continued
Office worker#

Production and related workers
Ite m

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Nonm anuf actur ing

Public utilities

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

Public utilities

AMOUNT OF PAID VACATION AFTER 1 3
CONTINUED
25 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK -------------------------------------2 UEEKS -----------------------------------OVER 2 and UNOER 3 UEEKS -----3 UEEKS -----------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNOER A UEEKS -----A UEEKS -----------------------------------OVER A AND UNOER 5 UEEKS -----5 UEEKS -----------------------------------OVER 5 AND UNOER 6 UEEKS -----6 UEEKS -----------------------------------7 UEEKS -----------------------------------30 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 UEEK ------------------------------2 UEEKS ----------------------------OVER 2 AND UNOER 3 UEEKS
3 UEEKS ----------------------------OVER 3 AND UNOER A UEEKS
A UEEKS ----------------------------OVER A AND UNOER 5 UEEKS
5 UEEKS ----------------------------OVER 5 AND UNOER 6 UEEKS
6 UEEKS ----------------------------7 UEEKS ----------------------------MAXIMUM VACATION AVAILABLE:
1 UEEK ------------------------------2 UEEKS -----------------------------OVER 2 AND UNOER 3 UEEKS
3 UEEKS -----------------------------OVER 3 AND UNOER A UEEKS
A UEEKS -----------------------------OVER A AND UNOER 5 UEEKS
5 UEEKS -----------------------------OVER 5 ANO UNOER 6 UEEKS
6 UEEKS -----------------------------7 UEEKS ------------------------------

(in
2

( 11)
-

(in

2
5
1
12

6

3

15
2

10
3
80
-

-

26
1

1
( 11)

-

3
(1 1 )

69
2
2
(1 1 )

(1 1 1
2
(1 1 1

-

3

14

9

(in

3

79
-

4
( in

_

(in
2
(1 1 )
6
1A
2
68
2

4
i

5
51
35
9

AA
6

“

_

2
( 11)

6

2
68
2
4

-

( in
3

9
3

79

(1 1 )

(1 1 )
A1
-

AO
1

_
1

1
A

-

38
(1 1 )
31
2
21
1

1A
(1 1 )
38

-

51
35

2
5
1
12

-

5

-

9
“

_

(1 1 )
2
1

4
5

26
1
A2

“
51
35
9

3
1

35
(1 1 )

33
2
21

2

See footn otes at end o f tables.




19
1

1A

-

6

( in

2

2

2

26
1
A3
6
3
(1 1 )

4

38
1
32

1
-

-

5
1
12

-

(1 1 )
2
1
A

31

2

A3
1

_
1

2
1A
(1 1 )
38
-

A3
1

(1 1 )
2
2
5
55
1
25
A
5
1

(1 1 )
2
2
5
55
(1 1 )
25
A
6
1

-

9
69
20
2
“

_
*
9

69
20
2

“

(1 1 )
2
2

-

5

“

50
(1 1 )
29
A
6

69

2

9

20
2

Table B-6. Health, insurance, and pension plans for full-time workers, Detroit, Mich., March 1979
O ffic e w o rk e rs

P rod u ctio n and re la ted w o rk ers
A ll industries

M anufacturing

Nonm anufacturing

P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll industries

M anufacturing

Nonm anufacturing

P u b lic u tilitie s

100

100

100

100

PERCENT OF WORKERS
WORKERS ----------

100

100

100

100

IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVIDING AT
LEAST ONE OF THE BENEFITS
SHOWN BELOW14-----------------------------

99

99

98

100

99

100

99

100

LIFE INSURANCE ---------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORV PLANS ------------

97
95

99
99

94
86

100
100

99
99

100
99

98
91

100
100

ACCIDENTAL DEATH AND
DISMEMBERMENT INSURANCE ---------NONCONTRIRUTORY PLANS ------------

89
88

99
94

79
75

95
95

83
81

96
95

74
71

96
96

SICKNESS AND ACCIOENT INSURANCE
OR SICK LEAVE OR BOTH15------------

97

99

93

96

97

99

95

95

91
90

99
99

72
68

89
89

73
70

93
92

59
55

69
69

15

ALL FULL-TIME

SICKNESS AND ACCIDENT
INSURANCE -------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS --------SICK LEAVE (FULL PAY AND NO
WAI TING P E R IO D !--------------------SICK LEAVE (PA RTIA L PAY OR
WAITING PERIOO) ---------------------

9

41

44

75

75

75

86

1

-

9

9

2

-

4

2

LONG-TERM D IS A B IL IT Y
INSURANCE ----------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ------------

57
56

79
79

17
19

19
12

69
58

83
78

51
45

20
18

HOSPITALIZATION INSURANCE --------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ------------

98
99

99
98

96
87

100
100

99
88

100
99

99
81

100
100

SURGICAL INSURANCE --------------------NONCONTRIBUTORV PLANS ------------

98
99

99
98

96
87

100
100

99
88

100
99

99
81

100
100

MEDICAL INSURANCE ----------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ------------

97
94

99
98

92
85

100
100

98
88

100
99

97
81

100
100

MAJOR MEDICAL INSURANCE -----------NONCONTRIBUTORV PLANS ------------

39
37

23
23

76
69

98
96

92
63

97
51

88
71

99
99

DENTAL INSURANCE ------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORV PLANS ------------

81
80

91
90

58
56

92
92

68
67

91
89

53
52

87
87

RETIREMENT PENSION --------------------NONCONTRIBUTORV PLANS ------------

92
92

96
96

83
81

92
92

92
91

98
98

88
86

85
85

See footnotes at end o f tables.




32

Table B-7. Life insurance plans for full-time workers, Detroit, Mich., March 1979
P rodu ction and related w o rk e rs
A ll in du stries

O ffic e w o rk ers

Manufacturing

A l l in du stries

Manufacturing

Ite m
A ll
plans 1
7

N on con tribu tory
plans 1
7

A ll
plans 1
7

N on con tribu tory
plans 1
7

A ll
plans 1
7

N on con tribu tory
plans 1
7

A ll
plans 1
7

Noncontributory
plans 1
7

TYPE OF PLAN AND AMOUNT
OF INSURANCE

ALL FU LL-TINE WORKERS ARE PROVIDED THE SAME
FLAT-SUM DOLLAR AMOUNT!
PERCENT OF ALL FULL-TIM E WORKERS17-------AMOUNT OF INSURANCE PR O V ID E O !1
8
M EAN----------------------------------:--------MEDIAN ----------------------------------------MIDDLE RAN6E <50 PERCENT) -----MIDDLE RANGE <80 PERCENT) ------AMOUNT OF INSURANCE I S RASED ON A SCHEDULE
WHICH INDICATES A SPECIFIED DOLLAR AMOUNT OF
INSURANCE FOR A SPECIFIED LEN6TH OF SERVICE!
PERCENT OF ALL FULL-TIM E WORKERS 17-------------AMOUNT OF INSURANCE PROVIOED18 AFTER!
6 MONTHS OF SERVICE!
M EAN-------------------------------------------------MEDIAN ---------------------------------------------HIDOLE RANGE <50 PERCENT) -----------HIOOLE RANGE <80 PERCENT) -----------1 YEAR OF SERVICE!
M EAN-------------------------------------------------M 0 1A N ---------------------------------------------E
HIDOLE RANGE <50 PERCENT) -----------HIDOLE RAN6E <80 PERCENT) -----------5 YEARS OF SERVICE!
M EAN-------------------------------------------------MEDIAN ---------------------------------------------HIDOLE RANGE <50 PERCENT) -----------HIDOLE RANGE <80 PERCENT) -----------10 YEARS OF SERVICE!
HE A N -------------------------------------------------HEOIAN ----------------------------------------------HIDOLE RANGE <50 PERCENT) -----------HIOOLE RANGE <80 PERCENT) -----------20 YEARS OF SERVICE!
H E A N -------------------------------------------------HEOIAN ----------------------------------------------HIOOLE RANGE <50 PERCENT) -----------HIOOLE RANGE <80 PERCENT) ------------

S ee footn otes at end o f tables,




31
$8* 300
19,000
*5 ,0 0 0 -1 0 ,0 0 0
* 3 ,0 0 0 -1 3 ,5 0 0

2

30
18,500
19.000
1 5 .0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0
1 3 .0 0 0 -1 4 .0 0 0

2

26

26

20

-

12.6 0 0
13.0 0 0
1 2 .0 0 0 - 3.0 00
1 1 .0 0 0 - 3.0 00

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

1 2 .8 0 0
1 3 .0 0 0
1 3 .0 0 0 - 3.0 00
1 2 .0 0 0 - 3 ,0 00

12.8 0 0
13.000
1 3 .0 0 0 - 3.000
1 2 .0 0 0 - 3.000

_
*

_
-

14.7 0 0
1 3 .0 0 0
1 3 .0 0 0 - 3,0 00
1 3 .0 0 0 -1 5 ,0 0 0

1 4 .700
1 3 .000
1 3 .0 0 0 - 3.0 00
1 3 .0 0 0 -1 5 .0 0 0

-

_

-

-

1 6 .4 0 0
1 5 .000
1 3 .0 0 0 - 5.0 00
1 3 .0 0 0 -2 0 ,0 0 0

1 6 .400
15.000
1 3 .0 0 0 - 5.0 00
1 3 .0 0 0 -2 0 .0 0 0

-

-

-

“

1 8 .700
110 .000
1 3 .0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0
1 3 .0 0 0 -2 3 .3 0 0

1 8 .700
1 10 .000
1 3 .0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0
1 3 .0 0 0 -2 3 .3 0 0

-

_
-

-

_
-

_
~

12.6 0 0
1 3 ,000
1 2 ,0 0 0 - 3,0 00
1 1 ,0 0 0 - 3,0 00

-

-

_
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

12.0 0 0
12.000
1 2 .0 0 0 - 2 .0 0 0
1 2 .0 0 0 - 2 .0 0 0

12,100
12,000
* 2 ,0 0 0 - 2,000
* 2 ,0 0 0 - 3,000

12.100
12.000
1 2 .0 0 0 - 2 .0 0 0
1 2 .0 0 0 - 3 .0 00

13,600
13,000
*3 ,0 0 0 - 3,000
S3 ,0 0 0 - A , 000

13.600
1 3 .000
1 3 ,0 0 0 - 3.0 00
1 3 ,0 0 0 - 4 .0 0 0

15,700
15,000
S5 ,0 0 0 - 5,000
S 5 ,0 0 0 - 5,000

15.700
15.000
1 5 ,0 0 0 - 5 .0 00
1 5 .0 0 0 - 5 .0 0 0

_

_

-

-

16,300
15,000
S 5 ,0 0 0 - 5,000
* 5 ,0 0 0 -1 0 ,0 0 0

1 6 .300
1 5 .000
1 5 .0 0 0 - 5 .0 0 0
1 5 .0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

7

-

-

1

17.600
17.000
1 4 .0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0
1 2 .0 0 0 -1 5 .0 0 0

7

19.200
18,000
1 7 .5 0 0 -1 1 .0 0 0
1 5 .0 0 0 -1 3 .5 0 0

19,600
110.000
1 7 ,5 0 0 -1 1 .5 0 0
1 5 .0 0 0 -1 4 ,0 0 0

12,000
12,000
*2 ,0 0 0 - 2,000
* 2 ,0 0 0 - 2,000

19

18.700
18,000
1 5 .0 0 0 -1 1 .0 0 0
1 3 ,5 0 0 -1 3 .5 0 0

1 7 .500
1 7 .000
1 4 ,0 0 0 -1 0 ,0 0 0
1 2 .0 0 0 -1 5 .0 0 0

19,600
110,000
1 7 ,5 0 0 -1 1 ,5 0 0
1 5 .0 0 0 -1 4 ,0 0 0

1

-

Table B-7. Life insurance plans for full-time workers, Detroit, Mich., March 1979— Continued
O ffic e w o rk e rs

Prod u ctio n and re lated w o rk ers
Manufacturing

A l l industries

M anufacturing

A l l in du stries

Item
A ll
plans 1
7

N on con tribu tory
plans 1
7

A ll
plans 1
7

Noncontributory
plans 1
7

A ll
plans 1
7

68

16

N on con tribu tory
plans 1
7

A ll
plans 1
7

N on con tribu tor y
plans 1
7

TYPE OF PLAN ANO AMOUNT
OF INSURANCE-CONTINUED

AMOUNT OF INSURANCE IS BASED ON A SCHEDULE
WHICH INDICATES A SPECIFIED DOLLAR AMOUNT OF
INSURANCE FOR A SPECIFIED AMOUNT OF EARNIN6S:
PERCENT OF ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS 17--------------AMOUNT OF INSURANCE PRO VIDEO 1 I F :
8
ANNUAL EARNINGS ARE * 5 .0 0 0 :
M EAN--------------------------------------------------MEDIAN -----------------------------------------------MIDDLE RANGE 150 PERCENT) ------------MIDOLE RANGE <80 PERCENT) -------------ANNUAL EARNINGS ARE *1 0 .0 0 0 1
M EAN---------------------------------------------------MEDIAN -----------------------------------------------MIOOLE RANGE <50 PERCENT) -------------MIDDLE RANGE <80 PERCENT) -------------ANNUAL EARNINGS ARE * 1 5 .0 0 0 :
M EAN---------------------------------------------------MEDIAN -----------------------------------------------MIOOLE RANGE <50 PERCENT) -------------MIDOLE RANGE <80 PERCENT) -------------ANNUAL EARNINGS ARE * 2 0 .0 0 0 :
M EAN---------------------------------------------------M 0 1 A N -----------------------------------------------E
MIDOLE RANGE <50 PERCENT) -------------MIDDLE RANGE <80 PERCENT) --------------

AMOUNT OF INSURANCE IS EXPRESSED AS A FACTOR OF
ANNUAL EARNINGS: 1
9
PERCENT OF ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS17----------------FACTOR OF ANNUAL EARNINGS USED TO CALCULATE
amount of i n s u r a n c e : 1
8
M EAN----------------------------------------------------MEDIAN ------------------------------------------------MIDDLE RANGE <50 PERCENT) --------------MIDOLE RANGE <80 PERCENT) --------------PERCENT OF ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS COVEREO BY
PLANS NOT SPECIFYING A MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF
INSURANCE -------------------------------------------------------PERCENT OF ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS COVEREO BY
PLANS SPECIFYING A MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF
INSURANCE -------------------------------------------------------SPECIFIED MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF INSURANCE:1
8
M EAN----------------------------------------------------MEDIAN ------------------------------------------------MIDOLE RANGE <50 PERCENT) ---------------MIDDLE RANEE <80 PERCENT) ---------------

AMOUNT OF INSURANCE IS BASED ON SOME OTHER TYPE
of p l a n :
PERCENT OF ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS17----------------

See footnotes at end o f tables




50

09

68

14

25

25

*1 1 .7 0 0
*1 2 .5 0 0
*1 1 .0 0 0 - 1 2 .5 0 0
* 1 1 .0 0 0 - 1 2 .5 0 0

* 1 1 .9 0 0
*1 2 .5 0 0
*1 1 .0 0 0 - 1 2 .5 0 0
*1 1 .0 0 0 - 1 2 .5 0 0

*1 1 .9 0 0
*1 2 .5 0 0
* 1 1 .0 0 0 -1 2 .5 0 0
* 1 1 .0 0 0 -1 2 .5 0 0

*1 1 .9 0 0
*1 2 .5 0 0
* 1 1 .0 0 0 -1 2 .5 0 0
* 1 1 .0 0 0 -1 2 .5 0 0

*1 1 .6 0 0
*1 6 .0 0 0
*7 .5 0 0 - 1 6 .0 0 0
* 5 .0 0 0 -1 6 .0 0 0

*1 2 .1 0 0
*1 6 .0 0 0
< 7 .5 0 0 -1 6 .0 0 0
* 4 .0 0 0 - 1 6 .0 0 0

*1 3 *7 0 0
<6 )
<6)
<6 )

*1 3 .7 0 0
<6 )
<6 )
<6 )

*1 2 .2 0 0
*1 2 .5 0 0
* 1 1 .5 0 0 - 1 2 .5 0 0
* 1 1 .5 0 0 - 1 2 .5 0 0

*1 2 .1 0 0
*1 2 .5 0 0
* 1 1 .5 0 0 - 1 2 .5 0 0
*1 1 .5 0 0 - 1 2 .5 0 0

*1 2 .1 0 0
*1 2 .5 0 0
* 1 1 .5 0 0 -1 2 .5 0 0
* 1 1 .5 0 0 -1 2 .5 0 0

<12.100
*1 2 .5 0 0
< 1 1 .5 0 0 -1 2 .5 0 0
*1 1 .5 0 0 -1 2 .5 0 0

*1 6 .0 0 0
*1 6 .0 0 0
*1 6 .0 0 0 -1 6 .5 0 0
*1 2 .0 0 0 -2 0 .0 0 0

*1 5 .4 0 0
*1 6 .0 0 0
* 1 5 .0 0 0 -1 6 .0 0 0
* 1 2 .0 0 0 -1 8 .0 0 0

*1 6 *3 0 0
<6>
<6)
< «)

*1 6 .3 0 0
<6 1
<6 )
<6 )

*1 6 .7 0 0
*1 6 .5 0 0
*1 6 .5 0 0 - 1 6 .5 0 0
*1 6 .5 0 0 - 1 6 .5 0 0

*1 6 .5 0 0
*1 6 .5 0 0
*1 6 .5 0 0 - 1 6 .5 0 0
*1 6 .5 0 0 - 1 6 .5 0 0

< 16.500
*1 6 .5 0 0
*1 6 .5 0 0 -1 6 .5 0 0
* 1 6 .5 0 0 -1 6 .5 0 0

*1 6 .5 0 0
*1 6 .5 0 0
*1 6 .5 0 0 -1 6 .5 0 0
*1 6 .5 0 0 -1 6 .5 0 0

*2 3 .4 0 0
*2 4 .0 0 0
*2 2 .5 0 0 -2 4 .0 0 0
* 1 5 .0 0 0 -3 0 .0 0 0

* 2 2 .6 0 0
* 2 4 .0 0 0
* 2 2 .5 0 0 - 2 4 .0 0 0
* 1 5 .0 0 0 -2 6 .0 0 0

*2 4 .1 0 0
<6 )
<6 )
<81

*2 4 .1 0 0
<6 )
<6 )
<6>

*2 0 .3 0 0
*2 2 .0 0 0
*1 6 .5 0 0 - 2 2 .0 0 0
*1 6 .5 0 0 - 2 2 .0 0 0

*1 9 .9 0 0
*2 2 .0 0 0
*1 6 .5 0 0 - 2 2 .0 0 0
*1 6 .5 0 0 - 2 2 .0 0 0

* 2 0 .0 0 0
*2 2 .0 0 0
*1 6 .5 0 0 -2 2 .0 0 0
* 1 6 .5 0 0 -2 2 .0 0 0

*2 0 .0 0 0
*2 2 .0 0 0
*1 6 .5 0 0 -2 2 .0 0 0
* 1 6 .5 0 0 -2 2 .0 0 0

*3 1 .4 0 0
*3 2 .0 0 0
*3 0 .0 0 0 -3 2 .0 0 0
* 2 0 .0 0 0 -4 0 .0 0 0

*3 0 .2 0 0
*3 2 .0 0 0
* 3 0 .0 0 0 -3 2 .0 0 0
* 1 5 .0 0 0 -4 0 .0 0 0

*3 3 .0 0 0
<6 )
<6)
<6)

*3 3 .0 0 0
<6 )
<6 1
<6 I

11

1 . A7
1 .0 0
1 .0 0 - 2 .0 0
.5 0 - 2 .5 0
9

3
*1 1 1 .8 0 0
*1 0 0 .0 0 0
U O O . 000- 150.000
*5 0 .0 0 0 - 1 5 0 .0 0 0

3

11

1 .0 5
1.0 0
1 .0 0 - 2 .0 0
.5 0 - 2 .5 0
9

2
*1 2 1 .3 0 0
*1 0 0 .0 0 0
1 0 0 .0 0 0 -1 5 0 .0 0 0
1 0 0 .0 0 0 -1 5 0 .0 0 0

3

2

3

1.1 9
1.0 0
1 .0 0 - 1 .0 0
1 .0 0 - 2 .0 0

1.00
1.00
1 .0 0 - 1 .0 0
1 .0 0 - 1 .0 0
2

2

1

-

<6 )
<6 )
<6 )
<6 )

_

3

55

1.74
2.0 0
1 .0 0 - 2 .0 0
1 .0 0 - 2 .5 0
45
10
*1 1 8 .0 0 0
*1 0 0 .0 0 0
* 5 0 .0 0 0 -1 5 0 .0 0 0
* 5 0 .0 0 0 -2 5 0 .0 0 0

-

3

7

53

1 .7 3
2 .0 0
1 .0 0 - 2 .0 0
1 .0 0 - 2 .5 0
44

9
*9 3 .2 0 0
*1 0 0 .0 0 0
* 5 0 .0 0 0 -1 5 0 .0 0 0
* 5 0 .0 0 0 -1 5 0 .0 0 0

7

67

1.8 5
2.0 0
2 .0 0 - 2 .0 0
1 .0 0 - 2 .0 0
64

3

67

1.8 5
2 .0 0
2 .0 0 - 2 .0 0
1 .0 0 - 2 .0 0
64

3

*7 8 .2 0 0
*5 0 .0 0 0
* 5 0 .0 0 0 - 50.000
* 5 0 .0 0 0 -2 5 0 .0 0 0

*8 1 .0 0 0
*5 0 .0 0 0
* 5 0 .0 0 0 - 5 0 .0 0 0
* 5 0 .0 0 0 -2 5 0 .0 0 0

<11>

<11 )

Footnotes

S o m e o f th e s e sta n d a rd f o o tn o te s m a y not ap ply to this b ulletin.

1 S tan d ard ho ur s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r which e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e
t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f pay f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g ­
ula r and/or p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k l y
hours.
2
T h e m e a n is c o m p u te d f o r each job by to ta lin g the e a r n in g s o f
a l l w o r k e r s and d i v i d i n g b y the nu m b er o f w o r k e r s .
The m edian d e s ig ­
na te s p o s i t i o n — h a l f o f the w o r k e r s r e c e i v e the s am e or m o r e and h a lf r e ­
c e i v e the s a m e o r l e s s than the r a te shown. T h e m id d le r a n g e is d e fin e d
by tw o r a t e s o f pay; a fou rth o f the w o r k e r s e a r n the s a m e o r l e s s than
the l o w e r o f th e s e r a t e s and a fourth e a r n the same or m o r e than the
higher rate.
3 E a r n i n g s data r e l a t e o n ly to w o r k e r s w h o s e sex i d e n t i f i c a t i o n was
p r o v i d e d by the e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
4
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
h o l i d a y s , and la t e s h ifts .
E s t i m a t e s f o r p e r i o d s ending p r i o r to 1976 r e l a t e to m e n on ly f o r
s k i l l e d m a i n te n a n c e and u n s k i l l e d plant w o r k e r s .
A l l ot h e r e s t i m a t e s r e ­
late to m e n and w o m e n .
6
Data do not m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a or data not a v a i l a b l e .
7 F o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m i n i m u m r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h ir in g s a l ­
a r i e s that a r e p aid f o r s ta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s .
Data are p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l
sta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s c o m b i n e d , and f o r the m o s t c om m o n s tan da rd w o r k ­
weeks reported.
8 E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l jo b s such as m e s s e n g e r .
9 I n c lu d e s a l l p r o d u c ti o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s in e s ta b l i s h m e n ts
c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la te s h i f t s , and e s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ose f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s
c o v e r la t e s h i f t s , e v e n th ou gh the e s ta b lis h m e n ts w e r e not c u r r e n t l y
o p e r a t i n g late s h ifts .
10 L e s s than 0.05 p e r c e n t .
1
1 L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t .
1 A l l c o m b in a tio n s o f f u l l and h a lf days that add to the s a m e amount;
2
f o r e x a m p l e , the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f 10 days
in c lu d e s t h o s e w ith
10 f u l l days and no h a lf days, 9 f u ll days and 2
h a lf d a y s , 8 f u l l days and 4 h a l f d ay s, and so on.
P r o p o r t i o n s then
w e r e cum ula ted .




1 In cludes p ay m e n ts other than " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " such as p e rc e n ta g e
3
o f annual e a r n in g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to an equivalent ti m e
b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s was c o n s i d e r e d as 1 w e e k 's
pay. P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e a r e chosen a r b i t r a r i l y and do not n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t
in d iv id u al p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n ; f o r e x a m p l e , changes in p ro p or tion s
at 10 y e a r s include changes b e tw e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s . E s t i m a t e s a r e cum ula­
t i v e . T h u s , the p r o p o r t i o n e l i g i b l e f o r at l e a s t 3 w e e k s ' pay afte r 10 y e a r s
in clud es th ose e l i g i b l e f o r at l e a s t 3 w e e k s ' pay a f te r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
1 E s t i m a t e s l i s t e d a f te r typ e o f b e n e fit a r e f o r all plans f o r which
4
at l e a s t a p a r t o f the cos t is b o r n e by the e m p l o y e r .
"N o n c o n tr ib u to ry
p l a n s " include on ly th os e fin an c ed e n t i r e l y by the e m p l o y e r . Excluded ar e
l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d plans, such as w o r k e r s ' d i s a b i l i t y c om p en s ation , s o c ia l s e ­
c u r i ty , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
1 U n du pli cated to t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s ic k l e a v e o r sickn ess and
5
accid en t in s u r a n c e shown s e p a r a t e l y b e l o w . S ic k l e a v e plans are l i m i t e d to
th os e wh ich d e f i n i t e l y e s t a b l i s h at le a s t the m i n i m u m nu m ber o f d a y s ' pay
that each e m p l o y e e can e x p e c t. I n f o r m a l s ic k l e a v e a llo w a n c e s d e te rm in e d
on an in d iv id u al b a s is a r e e x clud ed .
1 E s t i m a t e s under " A l l p l a n s " r e l a t e to a l l plans f o r wh ich at leas t
6
a p art o f the c o s t is b o r n e by the e m p l o y e r . E s t i m a t e s under "N o n c o n t r i b ­
uto ry p l a n s " in clude only t h o s e fin an c ed e n t i r e l y by the e m p l o y e r .
17 F o r " A l l i n d u s t r i e s , " all f u l l - t i m e p ro d u c tio n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s
o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s equal 100 p e r c e n t .
F o r " M a n u f a c t u r i n g , " all f u l l - t i m e
p ro d u c tion and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in m anufactu rin g equal 100
percent.
18 T h e m ea n amount is c om pute d by m u l ti p l y i n g the number of
w o r k e r s p r o v i d e d in s u r a n c e by the amount o f in s u ran ce p r o v i d e d , to taling
the p ro d u c ts , and d iv id in g the sum by the nu m b e r o f w o r k e r s . The m edian
in d ic a te s that h a lf o f the w o r k e r s a r e p r o v i d e d an amount equal to o r s m a l l e r
and ha lf an amount equal to o r l a r g e r than the amount shown.
M id dle
r a n g e (50 p e r c e n t ) — a fourth o f the w o r k e r s a r e p r o v i d e d an amount equal to
o r l e s s than the s m a l l e r amount and a fou rth a r e p r o v i d e d an amount equal
to o r m o r e than the l a r g e r amount. M i d d l e r a n g e (80 p e r c e n t ) — 10 p e rc e n t of
the w o r k e r s a r e p r o v i d e d an amount equal to o r l e s s than the s m a l l e r
amount and 10 p e r c e n t a r e p r o v i d e d an amount equal to o r m o r e than the
l a r g e r amount.
1 A f a c t o r o f annual e a r n in g s is the n u m b e r by w h ich annual ear nings
9
a r e m u l t i p l i e d to d e t e r m i n e the amount o f i n s u r a n c e p r o v i d e d . F o r e xam p le ,
a f a c t o r o f 2 in d ic a te s that f o r annual e a r n i n g s o f $ 1 0 ,0 0 0 the amount o f
i n s u r a n ce p r o v i d e d is $ 2 0 ,0 0 0 .

35

Appendix A .
Scope and Method
of Survey

In e a c h o f the 73 1 a r e a s c u r r e n t l y s u r v e y e d , the B u re a u obtains
w a g e s and r e l a t e d b e n e f its data f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s ta b l i s h m e n ts within
s ix b r o a d i n d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s : M an u fa c t u rin g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n ,
and ot h e r p u b lic u t i l i t ie s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fin a n c e, i n s u r a n c e ,
and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s . G o v e r n m e n t o p e r a ti o n s and the c on stru c tio n
and e x t r a c t i v e in d u s t r i e s a r e e x c lu d e d . E s t a b l i s h m e n t s having f e w e r than a
p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e a ls o e x c lu d e d b e c a u s e o f i n s u f f i c i e n t
e m p l o y m e n t in the oc c u p atio n s studied. A p p e n d ix ta b le 1 shows the n u m b e r
o f e s ta b l i s h m e n ts and w o r k e r s e s t i m a t e d to be w it h in the s c op e o f this
s u r v e y , as w e l l as the n u m b e r a c tu a lly studied.
B u r e a u f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s ob ta in data by p e r s o n a l v i s i t s at 3 - y e a r
i n t e r v a l s . In e a c h o f the tw o i n t e r v e n i n g y e a r s , i n f o r m a t i o n on e m p l o y m e n t
and o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n i n g s o n ly is c o l l e c t e d by a c o m b in a tio n o f p e r s o n a l
v i s i t , m a i l q u e s t i o n n a i r e , and te le p h o n e i n t e r v i e w f r o m e s t a b lis h m e n ts
p a r t i c i p a t i n g in the p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .

A s a m p l e o f the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y is
s e l e c t e d f o r study p r i o r to e a c h p e r s o n a l v i s i t s u r v e y .
This sam ple, less
e s ta b l i s h m e n ts w h ic h go out o f b u s in e s s o r a r e no l o n g e r w it h in the i n d u s t r i a l
scop e o f the s u r v e y , is r e t a i n e d f o r the f o l l o w i n g tw o annual s u r v e y s .
In
m o s t c a s e s , e s t a b l i s h m e n t s n e w to the a r e a a r e not c o n s i d e r e d in the sc op e
o f the s u r v e y until the s e l e c t i o n o f a s a m p l e f o r a p e r s o n a l v i s i t s u r v e y .
The
s a m p lin g p r o c e d u r e s i n v o l v e d e t a i l e d s t r a t i f i c a t i o n o f all
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in the s c o p e o f an i n d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y by in d u s tr y
and n u m b e r o f e m p l o y e e s .
F r o m this
s tr a tified un iverse a p ro b ab ility
s a m p le is s e l e c t e d , w ith e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t ha vin g a p r e d e t e r m i n e d chance
of selection.
T o ob ta in o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r
p r o p o r t i o n o f l a r g e than s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d .
Wh en data a r e
com b in e d , e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t is w e i g h t e d a c c o r d i n g to its p r o b a b i l i t y o f
s e l e c t i o n so that un bia sed e s t i m a t e s a r e g e n e r a t e d .
F o r e x a m p l e , i f one
out o f f o u r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d , it is g i v e n a w e i g h t o f 4 to r e p r e s e n t
i t s e l f plus t h r e e o t h e r s .
An a l te r n a t e o f the s a m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y is
chosen in the s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i f data a r e not a v a i l a b l e
f r o m the o r i g i n a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
I f no suitable substitute is a v a i l a b l e ,
addition al w e i g h t is a s s i g n e d to a s a m p l e m e m b e r that is s i m i l a r to the
m i s s i n g unit. *

* Included in the 73 areas are 3 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas are
Akron, Ohio; Poughkeepsie—
Kingston-Newburgh, N . Y . ; and Utica—Rome, N. Y . In addition, the Bureau conducts
more lim ited area studies in approximately 100 areas at the request o f the Employment Standards Administration
of the U. S. Department o f Labor.




O ccup ation s and e arnings
Occup ations s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f m a n u f a c ­
tu r in g and nonm anufacturing i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the f o l l o w i n g ty p e s :
(1)
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ; (3) m a in te n a n c e , t o o l r o o m ,
and p o w e r p la n t; and (4) m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and c u s to d ia l.
O c c u p ation al
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b ased on a u n i fo r m set o f j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to take
account o f in t e r e s ta b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in duties with in the s a m e job .
O ccup ation s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in app endix B.
Un le ss o t h e r w i s e in d ic a te d , the e a r n i n g s data f o l l o w i n g the job t itle s
a r e f o r all in d u s tr ie s com bined. E a r n i n g s data f o r s o m e o f the occup ations
l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s om e in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s w ith in the s c op e o f the
s u r v e y , a r e not p r e s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s b e c a u s e e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y ­
m ent in the occupation is too s m a l l to p r o v i d e enough data to m e r i t p r e s e n ­
ta tio n, o r (2) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s ta b l i s h m e n t
data. Se p a r a te m e n 's and w o m e n ' s e a r n i n g s data a r e not p r e s e n t e d when the
n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s not i d e n tifie d by s e x is 20 p e r c e n t o r m o r e o f the m en
o r w o m e n id e n tifie d in an occupation.
E a r n i n g s data not shown s e p a r a t e l y
f o r industr y d iv is io n s a r e in clu d ed in data f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c om b in ed .
L i k e w i s e , f o r occupations with m o r e than one l e v e l , data a r e included in
the o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t io n when a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is not shown o r i n f o r m a t i o n
to s u b c l a s s i f y is not a v a ila b le .
O ccup ation al e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s data a r e shown f o r f u l l - t i m e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , th ose h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y sc h e d u le .
E a r n in g s
data exc lud e p r e m i u m pay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s ,
and late shifts.
Nonproduction bon uses a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a l l o w a n c e s and in c e n t iv e bonuses a r e in clu d ed .
W e e k l y hours f o r o f f i c e
c l e r i c a l and p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l oc c u p atio n s r e f e r to the standa rd
w o r k w e e k (rounded to the n e a r e s t h a lf ho u r ) f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e
r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f pay f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r
and/or p r e m i u m r a t e s ) .
A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s f o r th e s e occup ations
a r e .rounded to the n e a r e s t ha lf d o l l a r . V e r t i c a l l i n e s w ith in the d is trib u t io n
o f w o r k e r s on s om e A - t a b l e s in d i c a te a change in the s i z e o f the c la s s
in tervals.
T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s in an a r e a
at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e . C o m p a r i s o n s o f i n d iv id u a l o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
t i m e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c te d w a g e c h a n ge s .
T h e a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l
jo b s a r e a f f e c t e d by changes in w a g e s and e m p l o y m e n t p a tte r n s . F o r e xam p le ,
p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y h i g h - o r l o w - w a g e f i r m s m a y change,
o r h ig h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y advance to b e t t e r jo b s and be r e p l a c e d by new
w o r k e r s at l o w e r ra te s .
Such shifts in e m p l o y m e n t oould d e c r e a s e an
oc c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e e v e n though m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e
w a g e s during the y e a r . Changes in e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , shown in
tab le A - 7, a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a to r s o f w a g e t r e n d s than a r e e a r n i n g s changes f o r
i n d iv id u a l jobs within the g roup s.

A v e r a g e e a r n i n g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w i d e e s t i m a t e s . In d u s tries
and e s ta b l i s h m e n ts d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and job s taffing , and thus c on trib u te
d i f f e r e n t l y to th e e s t i m a t e s f o r each job.
P a y a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l amon g jobs in in dividual e s ta b lis h m e n ts .

Sk ille d m ainte nan c
Continued
M echanics (m oto r vehicle)
P ip efitters
T o o l and die m a k e r s

A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m en and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d oc c up atio ns
should not be a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in pay o f the se xe s within
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
F a c t o r s which m ay contribute to d i f f e r e n c e s
in clu de p r o g r e s s i o n w it h in e s ta b lis h e d rate ranges (o n ly the r a t e s paid
incum bents a r e c o l l e c t e d ) and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c duties within the
g e n e r a l s u r v e y jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s .
Job d e s c r i p ti o n s used to c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s
in th e s e s u r v e y s u s u a lly a r e m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d than th ose used in ind ivid ual
e s ta b l i s h m e n ts and a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s amon g e s ta b lis h m e n ts in
s p e c i f i c duties p e r f o r m e d .

U n s k ille d plant

J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and
cleaners
M a t e r i a l handling l a b o r e r s

P e r c e n t changes f o r ind ivid ual a r e a s in the p r o g r a m a r e computed
as f o l l o w s :
1.

2.

E ach occupation is as s ig n e d a w eig ht b ased on its
p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n a l group in
the b ase y e a r .

3.

T h e s e w e ig h ts a r e used to com pute group a v e r a g e s .
E a c h o c c u p a tio n 's a v e r a g e e a r n in g s (c om p u te d in step 1)
is m u l t i p l i e d by its w e ig h t.
T h e p ro d ucts a r e tota led
to obtain a g ro u p a v e r a g e .

4.

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t im a te s r e p r e s e n t the t o ta l in a l l e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w ith in the s c o p e o f the study and not the nu m b er ac tu a lly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o c c u p a ti o n a l s t r u c t u r e s among es tab li s h m en ts d i f f e r , e s t i m a t e s o f
o c c u p a tio n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b ta in e d f r o m the s am ple o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts studied
s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te the r e l a t i v e im p o r t a n c e o f the jobs studied.
These
d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a ti o n a l s t r u c t u r e do not a ffe c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y o f
the e a r n in g s data.

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s a r e com pute d f o r each occupation f o r
the 2 y e a r s being c o m p a r e d .
The a v e ra g e s a re derived
f r o m e a r n in g s in th ose e s ta b lis h m e n ts wh ich a r e in the
s u r v e y both y e a r s ; it is a s s u m ed that e m p lo ym e n t
r e m a i n s unchanged.

T h e r a tio o f g ro u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u ti v e y e a r s is
com pute d by d iv id in g the a v e r a g e f o r the c u r re n t y e a r
by the a v e r a g e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e result—
e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t — l e s s 100 is the p e r c e n t change.

W a g e tr e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l gro up s
T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s p r e s e n t e d in tab le A - 7 a r e based on changes
in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n in g s o f m en and w o m e n in e s ta b lis h m e n ts r e p o r t i n g
the t r e n d jo b s in both the c u r r e n t and p r e v i o u s y e a r (matched e s ta b l i s h m e n ts ) .
T h e data a r e a d ju s te d to r e m o v e the e f fe c t on a v e r a g e e arn in g s o f e m p l o y ­
m en t shifts am o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and t u r n o v e r o f e s ta b lis h m en ts included
in s u r v e y s a m p l e s .
T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a r e s t i l l a f f e c t e d by
f a c t o r s o t h e r than w a g e i n c r e a s e s .
H i r i n g s , l a y o f f s , and t u r n o v e r m ay
a f f e c t an e s t a b l i s h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an occup ation when w o r k e r s a r e paid
un der plans p r o v i d i n g a r a n g e o f w a g e rate s f o r individual jobs.
In p e r i o d s
o f i n c r e a s e d h i r i n g , f o r e x a m p l e , new e m p l o y e e s m a y ente r at the b ott om
o f th e r a n g e , d e p r e s s i n g the a v e r a g e without a change in w a g e r a te s .

F o r a m o r e d e ta ile d d e s c r i p t i o n o f the m ethod used to compute
t h e s e w a g e t r e n d s , s e e " I m p r o v i n g A r e a W a g e S u r v e y I n d e x e s , " M onthly
L a b o r R e v i e w , January 1973, pp. 52-57.
A v e r a g e pay r e la tio n s h ip s w ith in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
R e l a t i v e m e a s u r e s o f oc c u p a tio n a l p a y a r e p r e s e n te d in tab le A - 8
f o r w h i t e - c o l l a r occupations and in ta b le A - 9 f o r b l u e - c o l l a r occupations.
T h e s e r e l a t i v e valu e s r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in pay b e tw e e n occup ations within
in d iv id u al e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
R e l a t i v e pay value s a r e com pute d by d ividin g an
e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's a v e r a g e e arn in g s f o r an occupation b eing c o m p a re d by the
a v e r a g e f o r an oth er oc c up atio n (d e s ig n a te d as 100) and m ultip lyin g the
quotient b y 100.
F o r e x a m p l e , i f j a n i t o r s in a f i r m a v e r a g e $4 an hour and
f o r k l i f t o p e r a t o r s $ 5 , f o r k l i f t o p e r a t o r s ha ve a r e l a t i v e pay value o f 125
c o m p a r e d w ith j a n i t o r s .
( $ 5 -f- $4 = 1.25 x 100 = 125.)
In com bining the
r e l a t i v e s of the ind iv id u al e s ta b lis h m e n ts to a r r i v e at an o v e r a l l a v e r a g e ,
each e s ta b lis h m en t is c o n s i d e r e d to h a ve as m an y r e l a t i v e s as it has
w e i g h t e d w o r k e r s in the tw o jobs b eing c o m p a r e d .

T h e p e r c e n t ch an ge s r e l a t e to w a g e changes b e tw e e n the in d ic a te d
d a te s . When th e t i m e span b e tw e e n s u r v e y s is other than 12 m onths, annual
r a t e s a r e a l s o shown.
(I t is a s s u m ed that w a g e s i n c r e a s e at a constant
r a t e b e tw e e n s u r v e y s . )
O c c u p a tion s used to c o m p u te w a g e tre nd s a r e :
O ffic e c le r ic a l

2

E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g 2

S ecretaries
S ten ogra ph ers, senior
Stenographers, gen eral
T y p i s t s , c l a s s e s A and B
F ile clerk s, classes A,
B, and C
M essengers
S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s
O rd e r c le rk s , classes
A and B
Accounting c le r k s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
P a y r o ll clerk s
K ey entry o p e r a to r s ,
c l a s s e s A and B

C o m p u te r s y s te m s a n a ly s ts ,
c l a s s e s A , B, and C
C om pu ter p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B, and C
I n d u s tr ia l nu rs e s
R e g i s t e r e d in d u s trial
nu rs e s
Sk ille d m ain te n ance
Carpenters
E lectrician s
Painters
M a c h in is t s
M e c h a n ic s ( m a c h i n e r y )

The earnings o f computer operators are not included in the wage trend computation for this
introduced in this survey which is not equivalent to the previous description.

A revised jo b description is being



P a y r e l a ti o n s h i p s b ased on o v e r a l l a v e r a g e s m a y d i f f e r c o n s id e r a b ly
b e ca u s e o f the v a r y i n g con trib ution o f h i g h - and l o w - w a g e esta blishm en ts to
th e a v e r a g e s .
F o r e x a m p l e , the o v e r a l l a v e r a g e h o u r ly earnings f o r f o r k l i f t
o p e r a t o r s m a y be 50 p e r c e n t m o r e than the a v e r a g e f o r ja n ito r s b ecause the
a v e r a g e f o r f o r k l i f t o p e r a t o r s m a y be s t r o n g l y influ en ced by earnin gs in
h i g h - w a g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts w h i l e the a v e r a g e f o r ja n i t o r s m a y be s tron g ly
in flu e n ce d by e arn in g s in l o w - w a g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
In such a c a s e , the
i n t r a - e s t a b l i s h m e n t r e la tio n s h ip w i l l in d ic a te a much s m a l l e r d i f f e r e n c e in
e a r n in g s .
E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v i s i o n s
T h e in c id e n c e o f s e l e c t e d e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s up p le m enta ry
w a g e p r o v i s i o n s is studied f o r f u l l - t i m e p ro d u c tio n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s and
o
P r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s ( r e f e r r e d to h e r e a f t e r as
group. f f i c e w o r k e r s .
p ro d u c tio n w o r k e r s ) include w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s and a l l n o n s u p e r v i s o r y

37

w o r k e r s (in c lu d in g g ro u p l e a d e r s and t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in f a b r i c a t i n g ,
p r o c e s s i n g , a s s e m b l i n g , i n s p e c tio n , r e c e i v i n g , s t o r a g e , handlin g, p a c k ­
ing, w a r e h o u s in g , ship pin g, m ain te n a n c e , r e p a i r , j a n i t o r i a l and g u ard s e r ­
vices,
p ro d u c t d e v e l o p m e n t ,
a u x i l i a r y p ro d u c tio n f o r p la n t 's own use
( e . g . , p o w e r p l a n t ) , and r e c o r d k e e p i n g and ot h e r s e r v i c e s c l o s e l y a s s o c i ­
ate d w ith the a b o v e p ro d u c tio n o p e r a ti o n s .
( C a f e t e r i a and rou te w o r k e r s
a r e e x c lu d e d in m an u fa c tu rin g in d u s t r i e s but in clud ed in no nm anu fa cturin g
in d u stries.)
In fin a n c e and i n s u r a n c e , no w o r k e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d to be
p ro d u c tio n w o r k e r s . O f f i c e w o r k e r s in clude w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s and a l l nons u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s (in c lu d in g le a d w o r k e r s and t r a i n e e s ) p e r f o r m i n g
c l e r i c a l o r r e l a t e d o f f i c e functio ns in such d e p a r tm e n ts as a c coun ting,
a d v e r t i s i n g , p u r c h a s in g , c o l l e c t i o n , c r e d i t , fin a n c e , l e g a l , p a y r o l l , p e r s o n n e l ,
s a l e s , i n d u s t r i a l r e l a t i o n s , public r e l a t i o n s , e x e c u t i v e , o r tr a n s p o r t a t i o n .
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and p a r t - t i m e e m p l o y e e s as w e l l
as c o n s t r u c ti o n w o r k e r s u t i l i z e d as s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m
both the p r o d u c tio n and o f f i c e w o r k e r c a t e g o r i e s .

w r i t t e n f o r m o r e s ta b lis h e d by c u s to m ). H o lid a y s a r e included e v e n though
in a p a r t i c u l a r y e a r th ey fa l l on a n o n w o rk d a y and e m p l o y e e s a r e not
g ra n te d another day off.
P a i d p e r s o n a l ho lid a y p la n s , t y p i c a l l y found in
the au tom ob ile and r e l a t e d i n d u s t r i e s , a r e includ ed as paid h o lid a y s .

M i n i m u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s ( t a b l e B - l ) .
M i n i m u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s
f o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s r e l a t e on ly to the e s ta b l i s h m e n ts v i s i t e d .
B e c a u s e o f the
o p tim u m s a m p lin g techn iq ues used and the p r o b a b i l i t y that l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m en ts a r e m o r e l i k e l y than s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s to have f o r m a l e n tr a n ce
ra te s a b o v e the s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l , the t a b le is m o r e r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f p o l i c i e s
in m e d i u m and l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
( T h e " X ' s " shown un der standard
w e e k l y ho ur s in d ic a te that no m e a n in g fu l tota ls a r e a p p l i c a b l e . )

F o r ta bulating v a c a tio n p ay g r a n te d , a l l p r o v i s i o n s a r e e x p r e s s e d
on a t i m e b a s is .
V a c a tio n pay c a l c u l a t e d on o t h e r than a t i m e b a s is is
c o n v e r t e d to its e qu iv ale n t ti m e p e r i o d .
T w o p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n i n g s ,
f o r e x a m p l e , is tabulate d as 1 w e e k 's v a c a t i o n pay.

Sh ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s — m an u fa c tu rin g (ta b le B - 2 ) .
Data w e r e c o l l e c t e d
on p o l i c i e s o f m an u fa c tu rin g e s ta b l i s h m e n ts r e g a r d i n g p ay d i f f e r e n t i a l s f o r
p ro d u c tio n w o r k e r s on la te shif ts .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s c o n s i d e r e d as having
p o l i c i e s a r e th o s e w h ich ( 1 ) have p r o v i s i o n s in w r i t i n g c o v e r i n g the o p e r a t i o n
o f late s h i f t s , o r (2) h a ve o p e r a t e d la te shifts at any t i m e during the 12
months p r e c e d i n g a s u r v e y .
Wh en e s ta b l i s h m e n ts ha ve s e v e r a l d i f f e r e n t i a l s
which v a r y by jo b , the d i f f e r e n t i a l ap p ly in g to the m a j o r i t y o f the p ro d u c tio n
w o r k e r s is r e c o r d e d .
Wh en e s ta b l i s h m e n ts h a ve d i f f e r e n t i a l s w h ic h ap p ly
only to c e r t a i n ho ur s o f w o r k , the d i f f e r e n t i a l ap p lyin g to the m a j o r i t y o f
the shift hours is r e c o r d e d .
F o r p u r p o s e s o f this study, a la t e s h if t is e i t h e r a s e c o n d ( e v e n i n g )
s h ift w h ich ends at o r n e a r m id n ig h t o r a t h i r d (nig ht) shift w h ic h s ta r ts at
o r n e ar m id n ig h t.
D i f f e r e n t i a l s f o r se co n d and t h i r d shifts a r e s u m m a r i z e d s e p a r a t e l y
f o r (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c i e s (an e s t a b l i s h m e n t ' s d i f f e r e n t i a l s a r e w e i g h t e d
b y a l l p r o d u c ti o n w o r k e r s in the e s t a b l i s h m e n t at the t i m e o f the s u r v e y )
and (2 ) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e s (an e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's d i f f e r e n t i a l s a r e w e i g h t e d by
p ro d u c tio n w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d on the s p e c i f i e d shif t at the t i m e o f the s u r v e y ) .
S c h ed u le d w e e k l y hours; p aid h o lid a y s ; paid v a c a t i o n s ; and h e a l t h ,
insurance^ and p e n s io n plans.
P r o v i s i o n s w h ich a p p ly to a m a j o r i t y o f the
p ro d u c tio n o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e c o n s i d e r e d to a p p ly to
a l l p ro d u c tio n o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in the e s t a b l i s h m e n t ; a p r a c t i c e o r p r o v i s i o n
is c o n s i d e r e d n o n e x is te n t when i t a p p l i e s to l e s s than a m a j o r i t y .
H olidays;
v a c a t i o n s ; and healt h, in s u r a n c e , and p e n s ion plans a r e c o n s i d e r e d a p p l i c a b l e
to e m p l o y e e s c u r r e n t l y e l i g i b l e f o r the b e n e fits as w e l l as to e m p l o y e e s who
w i l l even tually b eco m e e ligib le.
S c h ed u le d w e e k l y ho ur s and days (ta b l e B - 3 ) . S c h ed u le d w e e k l y
ho ur s and days r e f e r to the nu m b e r o f ho ur s and days p e r w e e k w h ic h f u l l ­
t i m e f i r s t ( d a y ) s h ift w o r k e r s a r e e x p e c t e d to w o r k , w h e t h e r paid f o r at
s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e ra te s .
P a i d h o lid a y s (ta b l e B - 4 ) .
H o l i d a y s a r e in c lu d e d i f w o r k e r s who
a r e not r e q u i r e d to w o r k a r e paid f o r the t i m e o f f and t h o s e r e q u i r e d to
w o r k r e c e i v e p r e m i u m p ay o r c o m p e n s a t o r y t i m e off.
T h e y a r e i n c lu d e d
 y a r e g r a n t e d an nuall y on a f o r m a l b a s is ( p r o v i d e d f o r in
only i f th e



Data a r e ta bulated to show the p e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s who (1) are
g ra n te d s p e c i f i c nu m b ers o f wh ole and h a lf h o lid a y s arid (2) a r e g ra n te d
specified
amounts o f tota l ho lid a y t i m e
(w h ole and h a lf ho lid a ys a r e
aggregated).
P a i d vac atio n s (table B - 5 ) . E s t a b l i s h m e n t s r e p o r t t h e i r m eth od o f
ca lc u la tin g v ac atio n pay (tim e b a s i s , p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n i n g s , f l a t - s u m
p a y m e n t, e t c . ) and the amount o f v a c a t i o n pay g ra n te d .
O nly b a s i c f o r m a l
plans a r e r e p o rte d . V a c a tio n bon u s es , v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s plans, and " e x t e n d e d "
o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e fits beyond b a s i c plans a r e e x c lu d e d .

A l s o , p r o v i s i o n s a f t e r e a c h s p e c i f i e d leng th o f s e r v i c e a r e r e l a t e d
to all p ro d uction o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t r e g a r d l e s s o f leng th o f
s e r v i c e . V a c a tio n plans c o m m o n l y p r o v i d e f o r a l a r g e r amount o f v a c a tio n
pay as s e r v i c e length ens. Counts o f p ro d u c tio n o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s by leng th
o f s e r v i c e w e r e not obtained.
T h e ta b ula tion s o f v a c a t i o n pay g ra n te d
p r e s e n t , t h e r e f o r e , s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e s o f t h e s e p r o v i s i o n s r a t h e r than
p r o p o r t i o n s of w o r k e r s ac tu ally r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e f i ts .
Health , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s ion plans (ta b le s B - 6 and B - 7 ) . Health ,
in s u r a n c e , and pension plans in clu d e plans f o r w h ic h the e m p l o y e r pays
e i t h e r all o r p art o f the cost.
T h e c o s t m a y be (1) u n d e r w r i tte n by a
c o m m e r c i a l ins uran ce com pany o r n o n p r o f i t o r g a n i z a t i o n , (2) c o v e r e d by a
union fund to wh ich the e m p l o y e r has c o n trib u t e d , o r (3) b o r n e d i r e c t l y by
the e m p l o y e r out o f o p e r a tin g funds o r a fund set a s id e to c o v e r the c ost.
A plan is inclu ded e v en though a m a j o r i t y o f the e m p l o y e e s in an e s t a b l i s h ­
m ent do not cho ose to p a r t i c i p a t e in it b e c a u s e th e y a r e r e q u i r e d to b e a r
p art o f its cost (p r o v i d e d the c h o i c e to p a r t i c i p a t e is a v a i l a b l e o r w i l l
e v e n tu a lly b e c o m e a v a ila b le to a m a j o r i t y ) .
L e g a l l y r e q u i r e d plans such as
s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t , w o r k e r s ' d i s a b i l i t y c o m p e n s a tio n , and
t e m p o r a r y d is a b i l i ty insuran ce J a r e e x c lu d e d .

3
Temporary disability insurance which provides benefits to covered workers disabled by injury or illness
which is not work-connected is mandatory' under State laws in C alifornia, New Jersey, New York, and Rhode
Island. Establishment plans which meet only the leg a l requirements are excluded from these data, but those
under which (1 ) employers contribute more than is le g a lly required or (2 ) benefits exceed those specified in the
State law are included.
In Rhode Island, benefits are paid out o f a State fund to which only employees
contribute. In each o f the other three States, benefits are paid either from a State fund or through a private plan.
State fund financing: In California, only em ployees contribute to the State fund; in New Jersey,
em ployees and employers contribute; in New York , em ployees contribute up to a specified maximum
and employers pay the difference between the em ployees' share and the total contribution required.
Private plan financing: In California and New Jersey, em ployees cannot be required to contribute
more than they would i f they were covered by the State fund; in New York, em ployees can agree
to contribute more i f the State rules that the additional contribution is commensurate with the
benefit provided.
Federal legislation ( Railroad Unemployment Insurance A c t) provides temporary disability insurance benefits
to railroad workers for illness or injury, whether w ork-connected or not.
The legislation requires that employers
bear the entire cost of the insurance.

L i f e i n s u r a n c e i n c lu d e s f o r m a l plans p r o v id in g i n d e m n ity (usually
t h ro u g h an i n s u r a n c e p o l i c y ) in c ase o f death o f the c o v e r e d w o r k e r .
I n f o r m a t i o n is a ls o p r o v i d e d in ta b le B - 7 on ty p es o f l i f e i n s u r a n c e plans
and the amount o f c o v e r a g e ip a l l in d u s tr ie s c om b in e d and in m an u fac tu rin g.
A c c i d e n t a l death and d i s m e m b e r m e n t in s uran ce is l i m i t e d to plans
w h i c h p r o v i d e b e n e f i t p a y m e n t s in c a s e o f death o r lo s s o f l i m b o r sight as a
d i r e c t r e s u l t o f an a c c id e n t.

Labor-m anagem en t agreem en t coverage
The f o l l o w i n g ta bulation shows the p e r c e n t o f f u l l - t i m e p ro duction and
o f f i c e w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the D e t r o i t a r e a in which a
union c o n t r a c t o r c o n tra c t s c o v e r e d a m a j o r i t y o f the w o r k e r s in the r e s p e c t i v e
c a t e g o r i e s , M a r c h 1979:
P r o d u c t i o n and
related w o rk ers

S i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e in clud es only th o s e plans wh ich
p r o v i d e that p r e d e t e r m i n e d cas h p ay m ents be m ad e d i r e c t l y to e m p l o y e e s
who l o s e t i m e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f i l l n e s s o r injury,, e . g . , $ 50 a w e e k
f o r up to 26 w e e k s o f d i s a b i l i t y .
S ic k l e a v e pla ns a r e l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p l a n s 4 w h ic h p r o v i d e f o r
con tinu ing an e m p l o y e e ' s p ay d urin g absence f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f i l l n e s s .
Data c o l l e c t e d d i s tin g u is h b e t w e e n (1) plans wh ic h p r o v i d e full pay w ith no
w a i t i n g p e r i o d , and (2) pla ns w h ic h e i t h e r p r o v i d e p a r t i a l pay o r r e q u i r e a
w aiting p e rio d .
L o n g - t e r m d i s a b i l i t y in s u r a n c e plans p r o v i d e p a y m e n ts to to t a l l y
d i s a b l e d e m p l o y e e s upon the e x p i r a t i o n o f t h e i r paid sick l e a v e an d/or s i c k ­
n e s s and a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e , o r a f t e r a p r e d e t e r m i n e d p e r i o d o f d i s a b i l i t y
( t y p i c a l l y 6 m o n t h s ). P a y m e n t s a r e m ad e until the end o f the d i s a b i l i t y , a
m a x im u m age, o r e lig ib ilit y fo r retire m en t benefits.
Full o r partial pay­
m e n ts a r e a l m o s t a l w a y s r e d u c e d by s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , w o r k e r s ’ d i s a b i l i t y
c o m p e n s a t i o n , and p r i v a t e p e n s io n b e n e fits p ayab le to the d is a b le d e m p l o y e e .
H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , s u r g i c a l , and m e d i c a l in s u ran ce plans r e p o r t e d
in th e s e s u r v e y s p r o v i d e f u l l o r p a r t i a l pay m e nt f o r b a s ic s e r v i c e s r e n d e r e d .
H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e c o v e r s h o s p it al r o o m and b o a r d and m a y c o v e r
o t h e r h o s p i t a l e x p e n s e s . S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n ce c o v e r s s u r g e o n s ’ f e e s . M e d i c a l
i n s u r a n c e c o v e r s d o c t o r s ' f e e s f o r h o m e , o f f i c e , o r h o s p ita l c a l l s .
P la n s
r e s t r i c t e d to p o s t - o p e r a t i v e m e d i c a l c a r e o r a d o c t o r ' s c a r e f o r m i n o r
a i l m e n t s at a w o r k e r ' s
p l a c e o f e m p l o y m e n t a r e not c o n s i d e r e d to be
m e d i c a l in s u r a n c e .
M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e c o v e r a g e ap p li es to s e r v i c e s w h ic h go
b e y o n d the b a s i c s e r v i c e s c o v e r e d under h o s p it a liz a tio n , s u r g i c a l , and
m e d ic a l insurance.
M a j o r m e d i c a l in s u ran ce t y p i c a l l y (1) r e q u i r e s that a
" d e d u c t i b l e " ( e . g . , $ 50) be m e t b e f o r e b e n e fits b e g in , (2) has a c oin s u ra n c e
f e a t u r e that r e q u i r e s the in s u r e d to pay a p o r t i o n ( e . g . , 20 p e r c e n t ) o f
c e r t a i n e x p e n s e s , and (3) has a s p e c i f i e d d o l l a r m a x i m u m o f b e n e f its ( e . g . ,
$ 10, 000 a y e a r ) .
D e n ta l i n s u r a n c e plans p r o v i d e n o r m a l dental s e r v i c e b e n e f i t s ,
u s u a lly f o r f i l l i n g s , e x t r a c t i o n s , and X - r a y s . P la n s wh ich p r o v i d e b e n e fits
on ly f o r o r a l s u r g e r y o r r e p a i r i n g ac c id en t dam age a r e not r e p o r t e d .
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n plans p r o v i d e f o r r e g u l a r p a y m e n ts to the
r e tire e fo r life.
In c lu d e d a r e d e f e r r e d p r o f i t - s h a r i n g plans w h ich p r o v i d e
the op tio n o f p u r c h a s i n g a l i f e t i m e annuity.

A l l i n d u s t r i e s __________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s _____________

100

19
19
19
57

An e s t a b l i s h m e n t is c o n s i d e r e d to have a c o n tra c t c o v e r i n g all
p ro d u c tion o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f a m a j o r i t y o f such w o r k e r s is c o v e r e d by a
lab or-m an agem en t agreem en t.
T h e r e f o r e , all oth e r p rod uction o r o f f i c e
workers
a r e e m p l o y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts that e i t h e r do not have l a b o r m a n a g e m e n t c on tra c t s in e f f e c t , o r ha ve c on tra cts that apply to f e w e r than
ha lf o f th e ir p ro d u c tion o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
E s t i m a t e s a r e not n e c e s s a r i l y
r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f the exte n t to w h ich a l l w o r k e r s in the a r e a m a y be
c o v e r e d by the p r o v i s i o n s o f l a b o r - m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t s , beca u s e s m a l l
e s ta b l i s h m e n ts a r e e x c l u d e d and the i n d u s t r i a l scop e o f the s u r v e y is li m i te d .

I n d u s tr ia l c o m p o s i t i o n in m an u fac tu rin g
A l m o s t t h r e e - f i f t h s o f the w o r k e r s within the sc op e o f the s u r v e y in
the D e t r o i t a r e a w e r e e m p l o y e d in m a n u fa c tu rin g f i r m s .
The f o l l o w i n g
p r e s e n t s the m a j o r in d u s t r i e s as a p e r c e n t o f a ll m an u fac tu rin g:
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u i p m e n t --------------------------------------------------------------M o t o r v e h i c l e s and e q u i p m e n t _________________________________________
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c ts __________________________________________________
M e t a l f o r g i n g s and s ta m p i n g s __________________________________________
M a c h i n e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l ______________________________________________
P r i m a r y m e t a l i n d u s t r i e s __________________________________________________
B l a s t fu r n a c e and b a s i c s t e e l p r o d u c t s ----------------------------------------

52
51
11
8
10
9
6

T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n is b a s e d on e s t i m a t e s o f to ta l e m p l o y m e n t d e r i v e d
fr o m un iverse m a te ria ls
c o m p i l e d b e f o r e actual s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in
v a r i o u s i n d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s m a y d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d on the re s u lt s
o f the s u r v e y as shown in appendix ta b le 1.

4
A n establishment is considered as having a form al plan if it specifies at least the minimum number
o f days o f sick lea ve available to each em ployee.
Such a plan need not be written, but inform al sick leave
allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.




86
95
66

O ffice w o rk ers

39

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied, Detroit, Mich.,1 March 1979
N um ber o f establish m ents
M inim um
em ploym en t
in esta b lish ­
ments in scope
o f study

In du stry d iv is io n 2

W ork ers in establish m ents
W ithin scope o f study

W ithin scope
o f study 3

Studied
Studied

T o t a l4
Num ber

F u ll- tim e
Percen t

re la te d w o r k e r s

F u ll-tim e
o ffic e w o rk e rs

T o t a l4

ALL ESTABLISHMENTS
ALL INDUSTRY D IV ISIO NS

-------------------

------

1.532

205

815.386

100

4 5 5 ,1 8 4

138.741

5 3 6 .719

100
-

*4 3
1.0 89

61
14*

466*515
348.871

57
43

3 1 7 .0 8 2
1 3 8 .1 0 2

56.582
8 2 ,159

3 5 9 .188
177.531

100
50
100
50
50

8*
233
208
186
37 8

26
22
23
23
50

63.877
44.493
120.696
55.954
63*851

8
5
15
7
8

14.786
<6 1
<6 1
<6 1
<6 »

4 9 ,6 8 6
21,581
6 6 .0 5 7
2 4 ,7 8 6
15.421

ALL INDUSTRY D IVISIO NS ---------------------------------

_

152

77

589,867

100

3 3 5 ,5 4 4

94,801

511 ,885

MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------------TRANSPORTATION* COMMUNICATION* AND
OTHER PUBLIC U T IL I T IE S 5 --------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------------------------------------------FINANCE* INSURANCE* AND REAL ESTATE
SERVICES7 ------------------------------------------------------------

500

65
87

28
49

386*813
203.054

66
34

2 6 1 .7 4 6
7 3 .7 9 8

4 7 .526
4 7 .275

3 51 .528
160 .357

17
«
24
22
20

13
4
13
9
10

49.710
18.850
81.441
34.888
18.165

8
3
14
6
3

18.828
< 6>
<61
<6>
<6»

12.575
(‘ I
<6 »
<6 1
<6 »

4 6 ,706
18,850
6 3 .3 8 0
2 2 ,516
8 .9 05

MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------------NONNANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------------TRANSPORTATION? COMMUNICATION* AND
OTHER PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 5 --------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------------- --------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------------------------------------------FINANCE* INSURANCE* AND REAL ESTATE
SERVICES7 ------------------------------------------------------------

-

2 5 .8 3 9
( 61
<6 )
<6)
( 61

LARGE ESTABLISHMENTS

-

500
500
500
500
500

1 The D etro it Standard M etrop o lita n S ta tistica l A r e a , as defin ed by the O ffic e o f M anagem ent
and Budget through F e b ru a ry 1974, consists o f L a p e e r , L iv in g s to n , M acom b, Oakland, St. C la ir ,
and W ayne Counties. The "w o r k e rs w ithin scope o f stu dy" e s tim a tes p ro vid e a re as on a b ly a ccu rate
d es crip tio n o f the s iz e and co m position o f the la b o r fo r c e in clu ded in the s u rv ey. E stim ates a re
not intended, h o w e v e r, fo r co m pa rison w ith other s ta tis tic a l s e r ie s to m easu re em ploym en t trends
o r le v e ls sin ce (1) planning o f w age su rveys re q u ir e s esta b lish m en t data co m p iled co n s id era b ly in
advance o f the p a y r o ll p e rio d studied, and (2) sm a ll establish m ents a re exclu ded fr o m the scope o f
the su rvey.
2 The 1972 edition o f the Standard In du stria l C la s s ific a tio n Manual was used to c la s s ify
establish m ents by in du stry d ivis ion .
A ll go vern m en t o p era tion s a re excluded fr o m the scope o f
the su rvey.
3 Includes a ll establish m ents with tota l em p loym en t at o r above the m inim um lim ita tio n . A ll
outlets (w ithin the a re a ) o f com panies in in d u stries such as tra d e , fin an ce, auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and
m otion p ictu re th eaters a re co n s id ere d as one esta blish m en t.




4 Includes execu tive, p ro fe ssio n a l, p a r t-tim e , sea so n a l, and oth er w o r k e r s exclu ded fr o m the
sep ara te production and o ffic e c a te g o rie s .
5 A bbrevia ted to "pu blic u tilitie s " in the A - and B - s e r ie s ta b le s .
T a x ica b s and s e r v ic e s
in ciden tal to water tran sportation are exclu ded.
D e tro it's tra n sit s y s te m is m u n icip a lly o p era ted
and is excluded by definition fr o m the scope o f the study.
6 Separate data fo r this division are not p resen ted in the A - and B - s e r ie s ta b les, but the
d ivis io n is rep res en ted in the " a l l in d u s trie s " and "n on m a n u fa ctu rin g" e s tim a te s .
7 H otels and m o tels, laundries and o th er p erso n a l s e r v ic e s ; bu sin ess s e r v ic e s ; autom obile
r e p a ir , re n ta l, and parking; m otion p ictu res; n on p ro fit m e m b ersh ip o rga n iza tio n s (exclu din g re lig io u s
and ch a rita b le o rga n izatio n s); and en gin eerin g and a rc h ite c tu ra l s e r v ic e s .

40

Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r the
B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s is t o a s s i s t its f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s in c l a s s i f y i n g
l nto a p p r o p r i a t e oc c u p a tio n s w o r k e r s who a r e e m p l o y e d un der a v a r i e t y
o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s and d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t
to e s t a b l i s h m e n t and f r o m a r e a
to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s g ro u p in g
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e job content.
Because
o f th is e m p h a s i s on i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t and i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y
o f o c c u p a ti o n a l con tent, the B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p ti o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g ­
n i f i c a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in use in in d iv id u al e s ta b lis h m e n ts o r th os e p r e ­
pared for other purposes.
In ap p ly in g th es e job d e s c r i p t i o n s , the
B u r e a u 's f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s a r e in s tr u c te d to exc lud e w o r k i n g s u p e r ­
v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; and p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .
H a n d ic a p p e d w o r k e r s
w h o s e e a r n in g s a r e red uced b e ca u s e o f t h e i r
h a n d ic ap a r e a l s o e x c l u d e d .
L e a r n e r s , b e g i n n e r s , and t r a i n e e s , unless
s p e c i f i c a l l y i n c l u d e d in the j o b d e s c r i p t i o n , a r e excluded.

Office
S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

S E C R E T A R Y

E x c l u s i o n s — Continued

A s s i g n e d as a p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y to one in d iv id u a l.
M a i n t a i n s a c l o s e and h i g h l y r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p to the d a y - t o - d a y a c t i v ­
i t i e s o f th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o r k s f a i r l y in d e p e n d e n tly r e c e i v i n g a m i n i m u m o f
d e t a i l e d s u p e r v i s i o n and g u id a n c e . P e r f o r m s v a r i e d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l
d u tie s
r e q u i r i n g a k n o w l e d g e o f o f f i c e routine and u n dersta nd in g o f the
o r g a n i z a t i o n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to the w o r k o f the s u p e r v i s o r .

a.
b.




S t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g as o f f i c e a ssis tants to a group
fe ss io n a l, techn ical, o r m a n a g e ria l p e r s o n s ;

d.

in th is

S t e n o g r a p h e r s not fu l l y t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l - t y p e duties;

c.

Exclu sion s.
N o t a l l p o s itio n s that a r e t i t l e d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the
above ch a ra c te ristics .
E x a m p l e s o f p os itio n s which a r e e xc lu d e d f r o m the
d e f i n i t i o n a r e as f o l l o w s :

P o s i t i o n s wh ich do not
d e s c r i b e d ab ove;

m e e t the

" p e r s o n a l ' 1 s e c r e t a r y concept

A s s i s t a n t - t y p e p o s itio n s w h ich enta il m o r e d i ffic u lt or m o r e r e ­
s p o n s ib le t e c h n i c a l , a d m i n i s t r a t i v e , o r s u p e r v i s o r y duties which
a r e not t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k , e . g . , A d m i n i s t r a t i v e A s s i s t ­
ant, o r E x e c u t i v e A s s i s t a n t ;

L i s t e d b e l o w a r e s e v e r a l occ upations f o r w h ich r e v i s e d d e s c r i p t i o n s o r t i t l e s a r e b eing intro du ce d
survey:
T ru ckd river
S h ip pe r and r e c e i v e r
(p re v io u sly surveyed
as shipping and
re c e iv in g clerk )
Guar d

Secretary
K e y entry operator
Com puter operator
D rafter
S ta tio n a r y e n g i n e e r
B o ile r tender

T h e B u re a u has dis contin ued c o l l e c t i n g data f o r ta b u l a ti n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r , b o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h i n e
o p e r a t o r , and m ac h in e b i l l e r . W o r k e r s p r e v i o u s l y c l a s s i f i e d as w a t c h m e n a r e no w c l a s s i f i e d as guards
u n d e r the r e v i s e d d e s c r ip tio n .

41

of p ro ­

SECRETARY— Continued

SE C R E T A R Y — Continued

E x c lu s io n s — C o n tin u e d

C l a s s i f i c a t i o n by L e v e l — Continued

e.

f.

P o s itio n s
w h ic h
do n o t f it a n y o f th e
s itu a tio n s
lis te d
in th e
s e c tio n s b e lo w t i t l e d ''L e v e l o f S u p e r v i s o r , " e .g . , s e c r e t a r y to th e
p r e s id e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e rs o n s ;
T r a in e e s .

C la s s ific a tio n b y

LS—
4

L e v e l o f S e c r e t a r y 's

S u p e r v is o r

a.

S e c re ta ry
u n it ( e .g .,

S e c re ta ry
to
a
n o n s u p e r v is o r y
s ta ff
s p e c ia lis t,
p r o fe s s io n a l
e m p lo y e e , a d m in is t r a t iv e o f f ic e r o r a s s is t a n t , s k ille d te c h n ic ia n
o r e x p e rt.
(N O T E :
M a n y
c o m p a n ie s
a s s ig n
s te n o g ra p h e rs ,
r a th e r th a n
s e c r e ta r ie s
a s d e s c r ib e d
a b o v e , to th is
le v e l o f
s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)

a.

S e c r e t a r y to a n e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n ­
s ib i lit y is n o t e q u iv a le n t to o n e o f th e s p e c if ic le v e l s it u a tio n s in
t h e d e f in it i o n f o r L S —3 , b u t w h o s e o r g a n i z a t i o n a l u n it n o r m a lly
n u m b e r s a t le a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p lo y e e s a n d is u s u a lly d iv id e d
in t o
o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n ts w h ic h
a r e o fte n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r
s u b d iv id e d .
In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , t h is le v e l in c lu d e s a w id e r a n g e
o f o r g a n iz a tio n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly o n e o r tw o ; o r

b.

L S —3

to th e s u p e r v is o r o r h e a d o f a s m a ll
fe w e r th a n a b o u t 25 o r 3 0 p e rs o n s ); o r

S e c r e t a r y to th e
o t h e r e q u iv a le n t
th a n

5 ,0 0 0

o rg a n iz a tio n a l

h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e tc ., (o r
le v e l o f o f f ic ia l) th a t e m p lo y s , in
a ll, fe w e r

S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t
th a t e m p lo y s , in a l l , f e w e r th a n 1 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.

S e c re ta ry
to
a c o rp o ra te
o ffic e r
(o th e r th a n
c h a ir m a n
o f th e
b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s , in a l l , o v e r 1 0 0
b u t fe w e r th a n

d.

5 ,0 0 0

of a com pany

p e rs o n s ; o r

S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w th e o f f ic e r le v e l) o v e r
e ith e r a m a jo r c o r p o r a te w id e fu n c tio n a l a c tiv ity (e .g ., m a r k e tin g ,
re s e a rc h ,
o p e r a tio n s ,
in d u s tr ia l
r e la tio n s , e tc .) o r
a
m a jo r
g e o g ra p h ic o r o r g a n iz a tio n a l s e g m e n t ( e .g ., a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r ­
te rs ;
a m a jo r
d iv is io n )
of a com pany
th a t
e m p lo y s , in
a ll,
o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p lo y e e s ; o r
S e c re ta ry
(o r
o th e r

to
th e
head
of
e q u iv a le n t
le v e l

o v e r 5 ,0 0 0
e.

b.

S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r than the c h a i r m a n o f
the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
o v e r 5, 000 but f e w e r than 25, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

c.

S e c r e t a r y to the head, i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r
l e v e l , o f a m a j o r s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y that
e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

p e rs o n s ; o r

an
of

L e v e l of S e c r e t a r y ' s R e s p o n s i b i l i t y ( L R )

T h is f a c t o r e valuate s the
the s e c r e t a r y and the s u p e r v i s o r ,
e x p e c te d to e x e r c i s e i n i t i a t i v e and
at L R —1 o r L R — d e s c r i b e d b e l o w
2

na tu re o f the w o r k r e l a t i o n s h i p b e tw e e n
and the e xte n t to w h ich the s e c r e t a r y is
j u d g m e n t.
S e c r e t a r i e s sho uld be m a tc h e d
ac c ord in g to th eir le v e l of resp on sibility.

L R —1. P e r f o r m s v a r i e d s e c r e t a r i a l d uties in clud in g o r c o m p a r a b l e
to m o s t of the f o l l o w i n g :

a.

A n s w e r s te le p h o n e s ,
c om in g m a il.

b.

A n s w e r s telep hon e r e q u e s t s w h ic h h a v e stan da rd a n s w e r s .
r e p l y to r e q u e s t s b y s e n d in g a f o r m l e t t e r .

c.

R e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y
others f o r the s u p e r v i s o r ' s s i g n a t u r e to ens u re p r o c e d u r a l and
typograph ical accuracy.

d.

M ain tain s s u p e r v i s o r ' s
in str ucte d .

e.

Types,

in d iv id u a l
p la n t, f a c t o r y , e tc .,
o ffic ia l) th a t
e m p lo y s , in
a ll,

S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a la r g e a n d im p o r t a n t o r g a n iz a tio n a l s e g ­
m e n t ( e .g ., a m id d le m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v is o r o f a n o r g a n iz a tio n a l




NOTE:
T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r " u s e d in the a b o v e L S d e f ­
i n it io n r e f e r s to those o f f i c i a l s wh o ha ve a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e w i d e p o l i c y ­
m ak in g r o l e with r e g a r d to m a j o r c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s .
The title " v i c e
p r e s i d e n t , " though n o r m a l l y i n d i c a t i v e o f this r o l e , d oes not in a l l c a s e s
i d e n t i f y such p os itio n s .
V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is to
a c t p e r s o n a l l y on ind ivid ual c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e or deny
in d iv id u a l loan o r c r e d i t ac tio n s ; a d m i n i s t e r i n d iv id u a l t r u s t ac c ou n ts ; d i ­
r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a f f ) a r e not c o n s i d e r e d to be " c o r p o r a t e
o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s es o f ap p lyin g the d e fin itio n .

p e rs o n s .

a.

c.

S e c r e t a r y to the c h a i r m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t of a c o m p a n y
that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

(L S )

b.

LS—2

persons)

a.

L e v el

S e c r e t a r y jo bs wh ic h m e e t the r e q u i r e d c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s a r e m a tc h e d
at one o f f i v e l e v e l s a c c o r d i n g to (a ) the l e v e l o f the s e c r e t a r y ' s s u p e r v i s o r
w ith in th e c o m p a n y 's o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e and, (b ) the l e v e l o f the
s e c r e ta r y 's resp on sibility.
T h e ta b u la tion f o l l o w i n g the e xp lan atio n s of th e s e
tw o f a c t o r s i n d ic a te s the l e v e l o f the s e c r e t a r y f o r e a c h c o m b i n a ti o n of the
factors.

LS—1

s e g m e n t often i n v o l v i n g as m a n y as s e v e r a l hundred
o f a c om p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

greets

person al

calen dar

takes and t r a n s c r i b e s

and

d ic t a t i o n ,

ca llers,

m a k es

and

op ens

a p p o in tm e n ts

and f i l e s .

in ­

M ay

as

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

STENOGRAPHER— Continued

L R - 2.
P e r f o r m s duties d e s c r i b e d un der L R —1 and, in ad d it io n p e r ­
f o r m s tas k s r e q u i r i n g g r e a t e r ju dgment, i n i t i a t i v e , and k no w le dge
of o f f i c e functions in cludin g o r c o m p a r a b l e to m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :

a.

S c r e e n s te l e p h o n e and p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , d e t e r m i n i n g w h ic h can
b e h a n d le d b y the s u p e r v i s o r ' s subordin ate s o r o t h e r o f f i c e s .

b.

A n s w e r s r e q u e s t s w h ic h r e q u i r e a d e taile d k n o w le d g e o f o f ­
f i c e p r o c e d u r e s o r c o l l e c t i o n o f in f o r m a t i o n f r o m f i l e s o r
other o ffices.
M a y s ig n routine c o r r e s p o n d e n c e in own o r
s u p e r v is o r 's name.

c.

C o m p i l e s o r a s s i s t s in c o m p ilin g p e r i o d i c
of g e n e ra l instructions.

r e p o r t s on the b a s is

d.

S c h e d u le s t e n t a t i v e ap poin tm ents without p r i o r c l e a r a n c e .
As­
s e m b l e s n e c e s s a r y b ac k grou n d m a t e r i a l f o r s c h e d u le d m e e t i n g s .
M a k e s a r r a n g e m e n t s f o r m e e t i n g s and c o n f e r e n c e s .

e.

E x p l a i n s s u p e r v i s o r ' s r e q u i r e m e n t s to oth e r e m p l o y e e s in s u p e r ­
v i s o r ' s unit. ( A l s o t y p e s , takes d ic tatio n , and f i l e s . )

T h e f o l l o w i n g ta b u la tio n shows the l e v e l o f the s e c r e t a r y f o r e ach
L S and L R c o m b in a tio n :

L e v e l of s e c r e ta r y 's
______ s u p e r v i s o r ______

S t e n o g r a p h e r , G e n e r a l . D ic ta tio n i n v o l v e s a n o r m a l routine v o c a b u ­
lary.
M a y m a in ta in f i l e s , k eep s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m other r e l a t i v e l y
routin e c l e r i c a l ta sks.

TR A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E T Y P IS T
P r i m a r y duty is to type cop y o f v o i c e r e c o r d e d dictation which does
not i n v o l v e v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y such as that used in
l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h . M a y a ls o type f r o m w r itte n
copy. M a y m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m other r e l a t i v e l y
routine c l e r i c a l ta s k s .
(See S t e n o g r a p h e r d e fin it io n f o r w o r k e r s in v o lv e d
w it h shorthand d ic ta tio n .)

L e v e l of s e c r e ta r y 's resp on sibility
T Y P IS T
L R —1

LS—1__________________________________________
LS—2__________________________________________

OR
P e r f o r m s s te n o g r a p h ic duties r e q u i r i n g s ig n if ic a n tly g r e a t e r i n ­
d e pen den ce and r e s p o n s i b i l i t y than s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l , as ev id e n ce d by
the fo l l o w i n g :
W o r k r e q u i r e s a high d e g r e e o f ste n o grap h ic speed and
a c c u r a c y ; a th orough w o r k i n g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u sin ess and o f f i c e p r o ­
c e d u re ; and o f the s p e c i f i c b u s in e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a ti o n , p o l i c i e s ,
p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s , w o r k f l o w , e tc . U s e s this k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s te n o­
g r a p h ic duties and r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l ta s k s such as m aintaining f o l l o w ­
up f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d a , and l e t t e r s ; c o m ­
p o s in g s i m p l e l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l i n s tr u c tio n s ; rea d in g and routing incom ing
m a i l ; and a n s w e r i n g routine q u e s tio n s , e tc .

C la s s
C la s s
C la s s
C la s s

E
D
C
B

L R —2
C lass
C lass
C lass
C lass

D
C
B
A

STENOGRAPHER
P r i m a r y duty is to ta k e d ic tatio n using shorthand, and to t r a n s c r i b e
the d ic ta tio n .
M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r i t t e n copy.
M ay operate fro m a
sten o grap h ic pool.
M a y o c c a s io n a lly tra n scrib e fro m v o ic e reco rd in gs (if
p r i m a r y duty is t r a n s c r i b i n g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s , s ee T r a n s c r i b i n g - M a c h i n e
T yp is t).
N O T E : T h i s j o b is d i s tin g u is h e d f r o m that of a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a l l y w o r k s in a c o n fi d e n t i a l r e l a ti o n s h i p w ith o n ly on e m a n a g e r
o r e x e c u t i v e and p e r f o r m s m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e and d i s c r e t i o n a r y ta s k s as
d e s c r i b e d in th e s e c r e t a r y j o b d e fin ition .

U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r to m ak e c o p ie s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s o r to mak e
out b i l l s a f t e r ca lc u la tio n s have b een m a d e by an oth er p e rs o n . M ay include
ty p ing o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s f o r use in duplicating
processes.
M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k i n v o l v i n g l i t t l e s p e c i a l tr a in in g , such
as k e e p in g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f i l i n g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r sorting and
d is trib u t in g in c o m i n g m a i l .
C la s s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : T yp in g m a t e r i a l
in f in a l f o r m wh en it i n v o l v e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g , s y l l a b i c a t i o n , punctuation, e tc . , o f t e c h ­
n i c a l o r unusual w o r d s o r f o r e i g n language m a t e r i a l ; o r planning layout
and ty ping o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l ta b le s to m ainta in u n ifo rm ity and
b a la n ce in sp acing.
M a y ty p e routine f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y i n g d eta ils to suit
ci r c u m s ta n c e s .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : Copy typing f r o m
rough o r c l e a r d ra ft s ; o r routine ty p in g o f f o r m s , in s u ran ce p o l i c i e s , e tc.;
o r settin g up s i m p l e s tan da rd tab u la tio n s; o r c op y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b les
a l r e a d y set up and s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .
F IL E CLERK

Sten ograph er, S e n io r.
D i c ta ti o n i n v o l v e s a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e ­
c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y such as in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h .
M a y a l s o set up and m a i n t a i n f i l e s , k eep r e c o r d s , etc.




F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r i a l in am es tab lis h e d f ilin g
s y s t e m . M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and m anual tasks r e q u i r e d to m ainta in f i l e s .
P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d into l e v e l s on the b a s is o f the f o llo w in g definitions.

43

FILE C LERK— Continued

ORDER CLERK— Continued

C l a s s A . C l a s s i f i e s and in d e x e s f i l e m a t e r i a l such as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n i c a l d oc u m e n ts , e t c . , in an e s t a b l i s h e d f i l i n g s y s t e m
containing a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d su b je ct m a t t e r f i l e s .
M a y a ls o f i l e this
m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s ty p es in con junction w ith the f i l e s .
M a y lead a s m a l l g ro u p o f l o w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .

adequacy o f i n fo rm a tio n r e c o r d e d ; a s c e r t a i n i n g c r e d i t rating o f c u s to m e r ;
fu r n is h in g c u s to m e r with ac k n o w le d g e m e n t o f r e c e i p t o f o r d e r ; f o l l o w i n g - u p
to s ee that o r d e r is d e l i v e r e d by the s p e c i f i e d date o r to le t c u s t o m e r know
o f a d e la y in d e l i v e r y ; m ain ta in in g o r d e r f i l e ; check ing shipping i n v o i c e
a g a in s t o r i g i n a l o r d e r .

C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l by s i m p l e
(sub ject m a t t e r ) headin gs o r p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l by f i n e r subhead ings.
P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d in d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e aids.
As requested,
lo c a t e s c l e a r l y i d e n t i f i e d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l . M a y p e r ­
f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l ta s k s r e q u i r e d to m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

Exclude w o r k e r s paid on a c o m m i s s i o n b a s is o r w h os e duties include
any o f the f o l l o w i n g : R e c e i v i n g o r d e r s f o r s e r v i c e s r a t h e r than f o r m a t e r i a l
o r m e r c h a n d i s e ; p r o v i d i n g c u s t o m e r s w ith c o n s u lta tiv e a d v i c e using k n o w l ­
e d g e g ain e d f r o m e n g in e e rin g o r e x t e n s i v e te c h n i c a l t r a in in g ; e m p h a s i z i n g
s e l l i n g s k ills ; handling m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d i s e as an i n t e g r a l p a r t o f the job.

C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s routin e f i l i n g o f m a t e r i a l that has a l r e a d y been
c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ich is e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
s y stem (e .g ., alphabetical, ch ro n o lo g ica l, o r n u m e r ica l).
As
requested,
lo c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l ; and m a y
f i l l out w i t h d r a w a l c h a r g e . M a y p e r f o r m s i m p l e c l e r i c a l and m anual tasks
r e q u i r e d to m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

Positions
d e fin itio n s :

MESSENGER
P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s routine duties such as running e r r a n d s , o p e r a ti n g
m i n o r o f f i c e m a c h in e s such as s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , op enin g and d is trib u t in g
m a i l , and o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x c lu d e p o s itio n s that r e q u i r e o p e r a t i o n
o f a m o t o r v e h i c l e as a s i g n i f i c a n t duty.

are

cla s s ifie d

into

le vels

accordin g

to

the

follow ing

C la ss A . Han dles o r d e r s that i n v o l v e m ak in g ju d g m e n ts such as
c h o os in g which s p e c i f i c pro duct o r m a t e r i a l f r o m the e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's p ro duct
l in e s w i l l s a tis fy the c u s t o m e r ' s n e e d s , o r d e t e r m i n i n g the p r i c e to be quoted
when p r i c i n g i n v o l v e s m o r e than m e r e l y r e f e r r i n g to a p r i c e l i s t o r m ak in g
s o m e s im p l e m a t h e m a t i c a l c a lc u la tio n s .
C las s B . Han dles o r d e r s i n v o l v i n g i t e m s w h ich have r e a d i l y i d e n ­
t i f i e d uses and ap p li c ation s . M a y r e f e r to a c a ta lo g , m a n u f a c t u r e r 's m anual,
o r s i m i l a r document to in s u r e that p r o p e r i t e m is su p p lied o r to v e r i f y
p r i c e o f o r d e r e d item .
A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K

S W ITC H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a t e le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o le used w ith a p r i v a t e
b ra n c h e x c h a n g e ( P B X ) s y s t e m to r e l a y i n c o m i n g , o u tgo in g , and i n t r a s y s t e m
calls.
M a y p r o v i d e i n f o r m a t i o n to c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and t r a n s m i t m e s s a g e s ,
k e ep r e c o r d o f c a l l s p l a c e d and t o l l c h a r g e s . B e s i d e s o p e r a t i n g a te le p h on e
s w i tc h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r f o r m routine c l e r i c a l w o r k
(ty ping o r routin e c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y oc c u p y the m a j o r p o r ti o n o f the w o r k e r ' s
t i m e , and is u s u all y p e r f o r m e d w h ile at the s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e ) . C h i e f o r
le a d o p e r a t o r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than one o p e r a t o r a r e
e x clud ed . F o r an o p e r a t o r who a ls o acts as a r e c e p t i o n i s t , s ee S w itc h b o a r d
Ope r a t o r - R e c e p t i o n i s t .
S W ITC H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T IO N IS T
A t a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n te le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , acts both as
an o p e r a t o r — s e e S w i t c h b o a r d O p e r a t o r — and as a r e c e p t i o n i s t . R e c e p t i o n i s t ’ s
w o r k i n v o l v e s such duties as g r e e t i n g v i s i t o r s ; d e t e r m i n i n g natu re o f v i s i t o r ' s
b u s iness and p r o v i d i n g a p p r o p . i a t e i n f o r m a t i o n ; r e f e r r i n g v i s i t o r to a p p r o ­
p r i a t e p e r s o n in the o r g a n i z a t i o n o r c on tac tin g that p e r s o n by te le p h o n e and
a r r a n g i n g an ap p oin tm e n t; k e e p in g a lo g o f v i s i t o r s .
ORDER C LERK
R e c e iv e s w ritten o r v e r b a l c u s to m e rs ' purchase o r d e rs f o r m a te ria l
o r m e r c h a n d i s e f r o m c u s t o m e r s o r s a l e s p e o p le .
W o rk ty p ica lly in vo lves
s o m e c o m b in a tio n o f the f o l l o w i n g d uties: Q uoting p r i c e s ; d e t e r m i n i n g a v a i l a ­
b i l i t y o f o r d e r e d i t e m s and s u g g e s ti n g substitu te s wh en n e c e s s a r y ; a d v is in g
e x p e c te d d e l i v e r y date and m e t h o d o f d e l i v e r y ; r e c o r d i n g o r d e r and c u s t o m e r
i n f o r m a t i o n on o r d e r s h e e ts ;
ch e c k in g o r d e r s h e e ts f o r a c c u r a c y and




P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e a ccoun ting c l e r i c a l ta s k s such as p os tin g to
r e g i s t e r s and l e d g e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g bank accoun ts ; v e r i f y i n g the in t e r n a l c o n ­
s i s t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , and m a t h e m a t i c a l a c c u r a c y o f ac cou nting d ocum ents ;
a s s i g n i n g p r e s c r i b e d accounting d i s t r i b u t i o n c o d e s ; e x a m i n i n g and v e r i f y i n g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty p es o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a l c u l a ti o n s , p os tin g,
e t c . ; o r p r e p a r i n g s im p l e o r a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r i n g m o r e c o m p l i c a t e d jo u r n a l
vouchers.
M ay w o r k in e i t h e r a m anua l o r autom ate d accounting s y s t e m .
The w o r k r e q u i r e s a k n o w le d g e o f c l e r i c a l m eth o d s and o f f i c e
p r a c t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s which r e l a t e s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g and r e ­
c o r d i n g o f tr an s ac tio n s and accou nting i n f o r m a t i o n .
W it h e x p e r i e n c e , the
w o r k e r t y p i c a l l y b e c o m e s f a m i l i a r w ith the b oo k k e e p in g and accou nting t e r m s
and p r o c e d u r e s used in the a s s i g n e d w o r k , but is not r e q u i r e d to have a
k n o w le d g e of the f o r m a l p r i n c i p l e s o f b o o k k e e p in g and accounting.
Positions
d e fin itio n s :

are

cla ssified

into

levels

on the

b as is o f the f o l l o w i n g

C la ss A . U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s ac cou nting c l e r i c a l
o p e r a t i o n s which r e q u i r e the a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r i e n c e and ju d g m e n t, f o r
e x a m p l e , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s i n g c o m p l i c a t e d o r n o n r e p e t i t i v e ac counting t r a n s ­
a c tio n s , s e le c tin g among a substa ntial v a r i e t y o f p r e s c r i b e d ac cou nting codes
and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c i n g t r a n s a c t i o n s th ro u gh p r e v i o u s ac cou nting
ac tio ns to d e te r m in e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M a y be a s s i s t e d by one o r
m o r e c la s s B accounting c l e r k s .
C las s B.
U n de r c lo s e s u p e r v i s i o n , f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d i n s tr u c tio n s
and s ta n d a rd ize d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e
rou tin e a ccoun ting
c l e r i c a l o p e r a ti o n s , such as p os tin g to l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s

AC C O U N T IN G C L E R K — Continued

C O M P U T E R SYSTEMS ANALYST,

w h e r e i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f i t e m s and lo c a t io n s o f postin gs a r e c l e a r l y in d ic a te d ;
c h e c k in g a c c u r a c y and c o m p l e t e n e s s of s ta n d a rd iz e d and r e p e t i t i v e r e c o r d s
o r a c c o u n tin g d o c u m e n ts ; and c od in g docum ents using a f e w p r e s c r i b e d
ac c ou n tin g cod e s .

BUSINESS— Continued

Does not inclu de e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n ­
a g e m e n t o r s u p e rv is ion - o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s ,
o r s y s t e m s an aly sts p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g in e e rin g
p ro b lem s.

PA Y R O LL CLERK
F o r w a g e study p urpo ses, s y s t e m s analysts a r e c l a s s i f i e d as fo llo w s :

P e r f o r m s the c l e r i c a l tas k s n e c e s s a r y to p r o c e s s p a y r o l l s and to
m aintain p a y ro ll r e c o r d s .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t of the fo l l o w i n g :
P ro cessin g
w o r k e r s 1 t i m e o r p r o d u c ti o n r e c o r d s ; adjusting w o r k e r s ' r e c o r d s f o r changes
in w a g e r a t e s , s u p p l e m e n t a r y b e n e f i t s , o r tax d edu ctions; editing p a y r o l l
l i s t i n g s a g a i n s t s o u r c e r e c o r d s ; t r a c i n g and c o r r e c t i n g e r r o r s in l i s t i n g s ;
and a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r a t i o n o f p e r i o d i c s u m m a r y p a y r o l l r e p o r t s .
In a nona u t o m a te d p a y r o l l s y s t e m , c o m p u te s w a g e s .
W ork m ay r e q u ire a p ra ctica l
k n o w le d g e o f g o v e r n m e n t a l r e g u l a t i o n s , c om p an y p a y r o l l p o l i c y , o r the
com puter s y s te m f o r p ro c e s s in g p ayrolls.

C l a s s A . W o r k s ind ep end ently o r under only g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s i n v o l v i n g a l l phases o f s y s t e m s a n a ly s is . P r o b l e m s are
c o m p l e x b e ca u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f input data and m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e ­
m e n ts o f output data.
( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s an in t e g r a t e d produc tion
s c h e d u lin g , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , cost a n a l y s i s , and s a le s a n a lys is r e c o r d in
w h ic h e v e r y i t e m o f eac h ty pe is a u t o m a t i c a l l y p r o c e s s e d through the full
s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r i a t e f o llo w u p actions a r e initiate d by the
c o m p u t e r . ) C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e the data p r o c e s s i n g
p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the im p l i c a t io n s o f new o r
r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f data p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s . M a k e s r e c o m m e n d a ti o n s , i f
n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s i n s ta lla tio n s o r changes and f o r
ob ta in in g equip m ent.

KEY E N TR Y OPERATOR
O p e r a t e s k e y b o a r d - c o n t r o l l e d data e n tr y d e v i c e such as keypunch
m a c h i n e o r k e y - o p e r a t e d m a g n e t i c tape o r d is k e n c o d e r to t r a n s c r i b e
data into a f o r m s u i ta b l e f o r c o m p u t e r p r o c e s s i n g .
W o r k r e q u i r e s s k i l l in
o p e r a t i n g an a l p h a n u m e r i c k e y b o a r d and an un derstanding o f t r a n s c r i b i n g
p r o c e d u r e s and r e l e v a n t data e n t r y equipment.
Positions
d e fi n i t i o n s :

are

c l a s s i f i e d into

le v els

on the

b as is o f

the

M a y p r o v i d e functional
who a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

C la s s B.
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r un der on ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
p r o b l e m s that a r e r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p lic a te d to a n a l y z e , plan, p r o g r a m , and
o p e r a t e . P r o b l e m s a r e o f l i m i t e d c o m p l e x i t y b e ca u s e s o u r c e s o f input data
a r e h o m o ge n eo u s and the output data a r e c l o s e l y r e l a t e d .
( F o r e x a m p le ,
d e v e l o p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in ta in in g d e p o s i t o r accou nts in a bank, m ainta ining
accou nts
r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t , o r m a in ta in in g i n v e n to r y
acc ounts in a m an u fa c tu rin g o r w h o l e s a l e e s t a b l i s h m e n t . )
C on fe r s with
p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e the data p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v is es
s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the i m p l i c a t i o n s o f the data p r o c e s s i n g sys te m s
to be a p p li e d.

NOTE:
E x c l u d e d a r e o p e r a t o r s ab ov e c la s s A using the key e n t r y
c o n t r o l s to a c c e s s , r e a d , and e v a lu a te the substance o f s p e c i f i c r e c o r d s to
take s u b s ta n t iv e a c t i o n s , o r to m a k e e n t r i e s r e q u ir in g a s i m i l a r l e v e l of
k n o w le d g e .
C l a s s B.
W o r k is ro u tin e and r e p e t i t i v e .
Un der c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n
o r f o l l o w i n g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r d e ta ile d i n s tr u c tio n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r i o u s
s t a n d a r d i z e d s o u r c e d oc u m e n ts w h ic h ha ve b e en coded and r e q u i r e l i t t l e o r no
s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r i n t e r p r e t i n g o f data to be en te re d. R e f e r s to s u p e r v i s o r
p r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s , c o d e s , o r m i s s i n g in f o r m a tio n .

OR
W o r k s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p l e x data p r o c e s s i n g sc h e m e o r
s y s t e m , as d e s c r i b e d f o r c la s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly on routine a s s i g n ­
m en ts and r e c e i v e s in s tr u c ti o n and guid ance on c o m p l e x as s ig n m e n ts . W o r k
is r e v i e w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t , c o m p l i a n c e w ith in s tr u c tio n s , and to
i n s u r e p r o p e r a lig n m e n t w ith the o v e r a l l s y s t e m .

Professional and Technical
BUSINESS

C l a s s C . W o r k s under i m m e d i a t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g out analyses
as a s s i g n e d , usuall y o f a s in g le a c t i v i t y .
A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e sig n e d to
d e v e l o p and expand p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e in the ap p lic a tio n o f p r o c e d u r e s and
s k i l l s r e q u i r e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a ly s is w o r k . F o r e x a m p l e , m a y a s s i s t a h ig h e r
l e v e l s y s t e m s an alys t b y p r e p a r i n g the d e t a i l e d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u i r e d by
program m ers
f r o m i n f o r m a t i o n d e v e l o p e d by the h i g h e r l e v e l analyst.

A n a l y z e s b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s to f o r m u l a t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o l v i n g
t h e m b y use o f e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g equ ip m en t.
D evelops a com p lete
d e s c r i p t i o n o f a l l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s need ed to enable p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u ir e d digital com p u ter p r o g r a m s .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
A n a l y z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t i o n s to be au tom ate d and i d e n t i f i e s con dit io ns
and c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d to a c h i e v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s nu m b er and
ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and doc um e nts to be used; outlines a c tio n s to be
p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u t e r s in s u f f i c i e n t d e tail f o r p r e s e n t a t i o n
to m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y this in v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n of
w o r k and data f l o w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s the d e v e l o p m e n t of te s t p r o b l e m s and
p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l runs o f ne w and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s
e q u ip m e n t c han ges to ob ta in m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l o p e r a tio n s .
(N O TE :
W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g both s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g should be
c l a s s i i e FRASER
Digitized fford as s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f th is is the s k i l l used to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y .)



l e v e l s y s te m s an alysts

follow ing

C lass A.
W o r k r e q u i r e s the ap p lic a tio n o f e x p e r i e n c e and ju d g m e n t
in s e l e c t i n g p r o c e d u r e s to be f o l l o w e d and in s e arc h in g f o r , i n t e r p r e t i n g ,
s e l e c t i n g , o r c od in g i t e m s to be e n t e r e d f r o m a v a r i e t y of s o u r c e docum ents .
On o c c a s i o n m a y a l s o p e r f o r m routin e w o r k as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s B.

C O M PU TE R SYSTEMS A N A L Y S T ,

d i r e c t i o n to l o w e r

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B U SIN E S S
C o n v e r t s s ta te m e n ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p i c a l l y p r e p a r e d by a
s y s t e m s a n a lys t, into a s e quence o f d e t a i l e d i n s tr u c ti o n s which a r e r e ­
q u i r e d to s o l v e the p r o b l e m s by a u tom atic data p r o c e s s i n g equipment.
W o r k i n g f r o m charts o r d i a g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e l o p s the p r e ­
c i s e in s tr u c tio n s w h ic h , when e n t e r e d into the c o m p u te r s y s t e m in coded

45

C O M PU T E R PROGRAM M ER, BUSINESS— Continued

C O M PU T E R PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS— Continued

lan gua ge, cause the m anip ula tion o f data to a c h ie v e d e s i r e d r e s u lt s . W o r k
i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
A p p lie s k n o w le d g e o f c o m p u te r c a p a ­
b i l i t i e s , m a t h e m a t i c s , l o g i c e m p l o y e d by c o m p u te r s , and p a r t i c u l a r sub­
j e c t m a t t e r i n v o l v e d to a n a ly z e charts and d i a g r a m s o f the p r o b l e m to
be p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e l o p s s e quence o f p r o g r a m s tep s; w r i t e s d e ta ile d f lo w
char ts to show o r d e r in w h ic h data w i l l be p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r ts th es e
char ts to coded in s tr u c tio n s f o r m a c h in e to f o l l o w ; t e s t s and c o r r e c t s
p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s i n s tr u c tio n s f o r o p e r a tin g p e r s o n n e l dur ing p ro d u c tion
run; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , and a l t e r s p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e o p e r a ti n g e f f i ­
c ie n c y o r adapt to n e w r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m ain ta in s r e c o r d s o f p r o g r a m d e ­
v e l o p m e n t and r e v i s i o n s .
( N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g both s y s t e m s a n a l­
y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g should be c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s analy sts i f this is
the s k i l l used to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y .)
Does not in clude e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n ­
ag e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s ,
o r p r o g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d with s c i e n t i f i c and/or e n g i n e e r i n g
p ro b lem s .
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , p r o g r a m m e r s

are c la s s ifie d

as

follow s:

C la s s A . W o r k s in d ep end ently o r under on ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n
on c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h ic h r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in all phases o f p r o ­
g r a m m i n g concepts and p r a c t i c e s .
W o r k in g f r o m d i a g r a m s and charts
whic h id e n ti f y the nature o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , ' m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g ste ps to
be a c c o m p l i s h e d , and the r e la tio n s h ip s b e tw e e n v a r io u s steps o f the p r o b ­
l e m s o l v i n g routine; plans the fu ll rang e o f p r o g r a m m i n g ac tions ne e d e d
to e f f i c i e n t l y u t i l i z e the c o m p u te r s y s t e m in ac h ie v in g d e s i r e d end p ro d u c ts .

M ay guide o r in s tru c t l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la ss C . M a k e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a tio n s o f p r o g r a m m i n g p r a c t i c e s
and concepts usually l e a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a i n i n g c o u r s e s .
A ssign m en ts
a r e d e sig n e d to d e v e l o p c o m p e t e n c e in the a p p lic a tio n o f stan da rd p r o ­
c e d u re s to routine p r o b l e m s .
R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n on ne w as p e c t s
o f a s s ig n m e n ts ; and w o r k is r e v i e w e d to v e r i f y its a c c u r a c y and c o n fo r m a n c e
w ith r e q u i r e d p r o c e d u r e s .
COMPUTER OPERATOR
In a c c o r d a n c e with o p e r a t i n g i n s t r u c t i o n s , m o n i t o r s and o p e r a t e s
the c o n tr o l con so le o f a d ig it a l c o m p u t e r to p r o c e s s data. E x e c u t e s runs by
e i t h e r s e r i a l p r o c e s s i n g ( p r o c e s s e s one p r o g r a m at a t i m e ) o r m u l t i ­
p r o c e s s i n g ( p r o c e s s e s two o r m o r e p r o g r a m s s i m u l t a n e o u s l y ) . T h e f o l l o w i n g
duties c h a r a c t e r i z e the w o r k o f a c o m p u t e r o p e r a t o r :
- Studies
needed.

o p e r a tin g

- L oa ds equ ipm en t
p a p e r, e tc . ).

instructions
with

to

required

determ in e
item s

e q u ip m en t

( ta p e s ,

cards,

setup
d is k s ,

- Sw itc hes n e c e s s a r y a u x i l l i a r y e q u ip m e n t into s y s t e m .
- Start s and o p e r a t e s c o m p u te r.
- R esponds to o p e r a tin g and c o m p u t e r output in s t r u c t i o n s .
- R e v i e w s e r r o r m e s s a g e s and m a k e s c o r r e c t i o n s
or r e fe r s problem s.

during o p e r a t i o n

- M aintains op e r a tin g r e c o r d .
At this l e v e l , p r o g r a m m i n g is d i ffic u lt b e ca u s e c o m p u te r e q u i p ­
ment m ust be o r g a n i z e d to p ro d u c e s e v e r a l i n t e r r e l a t e d but d i v e r s e p r o d ­
ucts f r o m n u m e r o u s and d i v e r s e data e l e m e n t s .
A w id e v a r i e t y and e x ­
te n s i v e n u m b e r o f in t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g actions m ust o c c u r .
T h is r e q u i r e s
such ac tio ns as d e v e l o p m e n t o f c om m o n o p e r a tio n s wh ich can be r e ­
used, e s ta b l i s h m e n t o f li nkage points b e tw e e n o p e r a t i o n s , adjustm ents to
data when p r o g r a m r e q u i r e m e n t s e x c e e d c o m p u te r s t o r a g e c a p a c ity , and
substa ntial m an ip u la tio n and r e s e q u e n c in g o f data e l e m e n t s to f o r m a
highly i n t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .
M a y p r o v i d e functional d i r e c t i o n
are a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

to l o w e r l e v e l

p r o g r a m m e r s who

C la s s B. W o r k s in d ep end ently o r under on ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
r e l a t i v e l y s i m p l e p r o g r a m s , o r on s i m p l e s e g m e n ts o f c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n t s ) us uall y p r o c e s s i n f o r m a t i o n to p ro d u c e data in two
o r t h r e e v a r i e d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s . R e p o r t s and l i s t i n g s a r e p ro d u c ed by
r e f i n i n g , ad apting, a r r a y i n g , o r m ak in g m i n o r additions to o r d e letion s f r o m
input data w h ich a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W h i l e n u m e rou s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the data have been r e f i n e d in p r i o r actio ns so that the a c c u r a c y
and s e q u e n c in g o f data can be t e s t e d by using a f e w routin e ch e c k s. T y p i c a l l y ,
the p r o g r a m d e als w it h routine r e c o r d k e e p i n g o p e r a ti o n s .
OR
W o r k s on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s (as d e s c r i b e d f o r c la s s A ) under
c lo s e d i r e c t i o n o f a h i g h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v i s o r .
M ay assist
h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r by in d ep end ently p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d if fi c u l t tasks
a s s i g n e d , and p e r f o r m i n g m o r e d i f fi c u l t tasks under f a i r l y c l o s e d i r e c t i o n .




M a y t e s t - r u n new o r m o d i f i e d p r o g r a m s .
M a y a s s i s t in m o d i f y i n g
system s or p ro gra m s .
The s c o p e o f this d e fi n i t i o n in clu d es t r a i n e e s w o r k i n g
to b e c o m e f u l l y q u a lifie d c o m p u t e r o p e r a t o r s , f u l l y q u a l i f i e d c o m p u t e r
o p e r a t o r s , and lead o p e r a t o r s p r o v i d i n g t e c h n i c a l a s s i s t a n c e to l o w e r l e v e l
o p e r a t o r s . It e x clud es w o r k e r s wh o m o n i t o r and o p e r a t e r e m o t e t e r m i n a l s .
Class A . In addition to w o r k a s s i g n m e n t s d e s c r i b e d f o r a c l a s s B
o p e r a t o r (see b e l o w ) the w o r k o f a c l a s s A o p e r a t o r i n v o l v e s at l e a s t one
o f the follo w in g :
- D e v ia te s f r o m stan da rd p r o c e d u r e s to a v oid the lo s s o f i n f o r ­
m atio n o r to c o n s e r v e c o m p u t e r t i m e e v e n though the p r o c e d u r e s
ap p lied m a t e r i a l l y a l t e r the c o m p u t e r unit's p ro d u c tio n plans.
- T e s t s new p r o g r a m s , a p p l i c a t i o n s , arid p r o c e d u r e s .
- A dvises p ro g r a m m e r s
te chn iques.

and

sub ject-m atter

experts

on

setup

- A s s i s t s in (1) m a in ta in in g , m o d i f y i n g , and d e v e l o p i n g o p e r a t i n g
s y s t e m s o r p r o g r a m s ; (2) d e v e l o p i n g o p e r a t i n g i n s tr u c ti o n s and
te chniq ues to c o v e r p r o b l e m s itu a tio n s ; and/or (3) s w itc h in g to
e m e r g e n c y backup p r o c e d u r e s (such a s s i s t a n c e r e q u i r e s a w o r k i n g
k no w le dg e o f p r o g r a m la n g u a g e , c o m p u t e r f e a t u r e s , and s o f t w a r e
s y s t e m s ).
An

o p e r a t o r at this l e v e l

t y p i c a l l y g u id es

low er

le v e l op erators.

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — Continued

C O M P U T E R D A T A LIBRARIA N

C l a s s B . In ad d itio n to e s t a b l i s h e d p rod uction runs, w o r k a s s i g n ­
m e n ts in c lu d e runs i n v o l v i n g ne w p r o g r a m s , a p p li c atio n s , and p r o c e d u r e s
( i . e . , situ ation s w h i c h r e q u i r e the o p e r a t o r to adapt to a v a r i e t y o f p r o b l e m s ) .
A t th is l e v e l , the o p e r a t o r has the t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e to w o r k f a i r l y
i n d e p e n d e n tly in c a r r y i n g out m o s t a s s ig n m e n ts . A s s i g n m e n t s m a y r e q u i r e
the o p e r a t o r to s e l e c t f r o m a v a r i e t y o f standard setup and o p e r a tin g
procedures.
In r e s p o n d i n g to c o m p u t e r output in s tru c tio n s o r e r r o r c o n ­
d i ti o n s , a p p l i e s
s ta n d a rd o p e r a t i n g o r c o r r e c t i v e p r o c e d u r e s , but m ay
d e v i a t e f r o m s ta n d a rd p r o c e d u r e s when sta ndard p r o c e d u r e s f a i l i f d e v ia tio n
d oes not m a t e r i a l l y a l t e r the c o m p u t e r unit's p ro d uctio n p lans. R e f e r s the
p r o b l e m o r a b o r ts the p r o g r a m wh en p r o c e d u r e s ap plied do not p r o v i d e a
s olu tion . M a y guid e l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .

M ain tain s l i b r a r y o f m e d ia ( ta p e s , d is k s , c a r d s , c a s s e t t e s ) used
f o r a u tom atic data p r o c e s s i n g a p p lic a tio n s .
T h e f o l l o w i n g o r s i m i l a r duties
c h a r a c t e r i z e the w o r k o f a c o m p u te r data l i b r a r i a n :
C l a s s i f y i n g , c a ta lo g in g ,
and s t o r i n g m e d i a in a c c o r d a n c e with a s ta n d a r d i z e d s y s t e m ; upon p r o p e r
r e q u e s t s , r e l e a s i n g m e d i a f o r p r o c e s s i n g ; m ainta in in g r e c o r d s o f r e l e a s e s
and r e t u r n s ; i n s p e c tin g r e t u r n e d m e d i a f o r d a m a g e o r e x c e s s i v e w e a r to
d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r o r not th e y need r e p l a c i n g .
M ay p e r fo r m m inor repairs
to d a m a g e d tap e s .

C l a s s C . W o r k a s s i g n m e n t s a r e l i m i t e d to e s t a b l i s h e d p ro d uction
runs ( i . e . , p r o g r a m s w h i c h p r e s e n t f e w o p e r a ti n g p r o b l e m s ) .
Assignm ents
m a y c o n s i s t p r i m a r i l y o f o n - t h e - j o b tr a in in g ( s o m e t i m e s augm en te d by
c l a s s r o o m i n s t r u c t i o n ) . W h e n l e a r n i n g to run p r o g r a m s , the s u p e r v i s o r o r a
h i g h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r p r o v i d e s d e t a i l e d w r i t t e n o r o r a l guid ance to the
o p e r a t o r b e f o r e and d u r in g the run. A f t e r the o p e r a t o r has gained e x p e r i e n c e
w i t h a p r o g r a m , h o w e v e r , the o p e r a t o r w o r k s f a i r l y in d ep end ently in
ap p ly in g s ta n d a r d o p e r a t i n g o r c o r r e c t i v e . p r o c e d u r e s in res p on d ing to
c o m p u t e r output i n s t r u c t i o n s o r e r r o r c on dit io ns , but r e f e r s p r o b l e m s to a
h i g h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r o r the s u p e r v i s o r when standa rd p r o c e d u r e s f a i l .

DRAFTER
P e r f o r m s d r a ft i n g w o r k r e q u i r i n g k n o w le dg e and s k ill in d ra ft ing
m e t h o d s , p r o c e d u r e s , and te chn iq ues.
P r e p a r e s d r a w in g s of s tr u c tu r e s ,
m e c h a n i c a l and e l e c t r i c a l e qu ip m en t, piping and duct s y s te m s and other
s i m i l a r e q u ip m en t, s y s t e m s , and a s s e m b l i e s .
U s e s r e c o g n i z e d S y ste m s of
s y m b o l s , l e g e n d s , shadin gs, and l in e s having s p e c i f i c m ea n in g s in d ra w in g s .
D r a w i n g s a r e used to c o m m u n i c a te e n g i n e e r i n g i d e a s , d e s i g n s , and i n f o r m a ­
tion in sup p ort o f e n g i n e e r i n g functions.
T h e f o l l o w i n g a r e e x c lu d e d when th e y con stitu te the p r i m a r y purpose
o f the job:
-

- L a b e l l i n g ta p e r e e l s , d is k s , o r c a r d deck s.
d e s ig n a te d tape

- S e tt in g c o n t r o l s w h i c h r e g u la t e o p e r a t i o n o f the e qu ip m en t.
and

error

in d ic a tio n s

- E xam in in g ta p e s , cards, o r other m a te ria l fo r c re a s e s ,
o r o t h e r d e f e c t s w h i c h could caus e p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s .

into

le v els

charts,

d iagram s,

on the b a s is o f

the

room

f o llo w in g

C la s s B.
P r e p a r e s c o m p l e t e sets o f c o m p l e x d ra w in g s which
in clud e m u l t i p l e v i e w s , d e t a i l d r a w i n g s , and a s s e m b l y d ra w in g s .
D r a w in g s
in clude c o m p l e x d e s i g n f e a t u r e s that r e q u i r e c o n s i d e r a b l e d raft ing s k i l l to
v i s u a l i z e and p o r t r a y . A s s i g n m e n t s r e g u l a r l y r e q u i r e the use o f m a th e m a ti c a l
f o r m u l a s to c o m p u te w e i g h t s , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , d i m e n s i o n s , qua ntities o f
m a t e r i a l s , etc .
W o r k i n g f r o m s k etch es and v e r b a l i n f o r m a t i o n supplied by
an e n g i n e e r o r d e s i g n e r , d e t e r m i n e s the m o s t a p p r o p r i a t e v i e w s , d e ta il
d r a w i n g s , and s u p p l e m e n t a r y i n f o r m a t i o n need ed to c o m p l e t e as s ig n m e n ts .
S e l e c t s r e q u i r e d i n f o r m a t i o n f r o m p r e c e d e n t s , m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' c a t a l o g s , and
t e c h n i c a l gu id es .
Ind e pe n de n tly r e s o l v e s m o s t o f the p r o b l e m s encounte red.
S u p e r v i s o r o r d e s i g n e r m a y s u g g e s t m ethod s o f a p p r o a c h o r p r o v i d e a d v i c e
on unusually d i f f i c u l t p r o b l e m s .

and

tears,

T h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c l u d e s w o r k e r s (1) who m o n i t o r and o p e r a t e a
c o n t r o l c o n s o l e ( s e e c o m p u t e r o p e r a t o r ) o r a r e m o t e t e r m i n a l , o r (2) wh ose
du tie s a r e l i m i t e d to o p e r a t i n g d e c o l l a t e r s , b u r s t e r s , s e p a r a t o r s , o r s i m i l a r
e q u ip m e n t.




are c la s s ifie d

of

s k ill, and a b ility

C la s s A . W o r k s c l o s e l y with d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r s , p r e p a r i n g d ra w in g s
of unusual^ c o m p l e x o r o r i g i n a l d e sig n s wh ich r e q u i r e a high d e g r e e o f
p recision .
P e r f o r m s unusually d i f f i c u l t a s s i g n m e n ts r e q u i r i n g c o n s i d e r a b l e
i n i t i a t i v e , r e s o u r c e f u l n e s s , and d ra ft in g e x p e r t i s e .
A s s u r e s that an tic ip a ted
p r o b l e m s in m a n u f a c tu r e , a s s e m b l y , i n s ta l l a ti o n , and o p e r a t i o n a r e r e s o l v e d
by the d r a w i n g s p rod uced .
E x e r c i s e s independent j u d g m e n t in s e l e c t i n g and
i n t e r p r e t i n g data b a s e d on a k n o w le d g e of the d e s i g n intent.
Although w o rk in g
p r i m a r i l y as a d r a f t e r , m a y o c c a s i o n a l l y p e r f o r m e n g i n e e r i n g d e s i g n w o r k
in i n t e r p r e t i n g g e n e r a l d e s ig n s p r e p a r e d by o t h e rs o r in c o m p l e t i n g m i s s i n g
d e s i g n d e ta i l s .
M a y p r o v i d e a d v i c e and guidance to l o w e r l e v e l d r a f t e r s o r
s e r v e as c o o r d i n a t o r and p lann er f o r l a r g e and c o m p l e x d ra ft ing p r o j e c t s .

- L oa din g p rin te rs
and p l o t t e r s w ith c o r r e c t p a p e r ; adjusting
c o n t r o l s f o r f o r m s , th i c k n e s s , te n s io n , p rin tin g d e n s ity , and
l o c a t i o n ; and un lo adin g h a rd copy.

- O b s e r v i n g p a n e l li g h ts f o r w a r n i n g s
ta k in g a p p r o p r i a t e ac tio n.

S u p e r v i s o r y w o r k in v o l v i n g the m a n a g e m e n t o f a d ra ftin g p r o g r a m
o r the s u p e r v i s i o n o f d r a f t e r s .

Positio n s
d e fin itio n s .

T h e f o l l o w i n g d uties c h a r a c t e r i z e the w o r k o f a p e r i p h e r a l equipm en t

C h e c k in g l a b e l s and mounting and dismountin g
r e e l s o r d is k s on s p e c i f i e d units o r d r i v e s .

C a r t o g r a p h i c w o r k i n v o lv in g the p r e p a r a t i o n of map s o r plats
and r e l a t e d m a t e r i a l s , and d ra w in g s o f g e o l o g i c a l s tr u c tu r e s ; and

-

operator:

-

W o rk involving t h e
p reparatio n
a r r a n g e m e n t s , f l o o r plans, e tc .;

-

O p e r a t e s p e r i p h e r a l e quip m en t w h i c h d i r e c t l y suppor ts d ig it a l
c o m p u t e r o p e r a t i o n s . Such e q u ip m e n t is uniquely and s p e c i f i c a l l y d e sig n e d
f o r c o m p u t e r a p p l i c a t i o n s , but ne e d not be p h y s i c a l l y o r e l e c t r o n i c a l l y
c o n n e c te d t o a c o m p u t e r .
P r i n t e r s , p l o t t e r s , ca r d r e a d / p u n c h e s , tape
r e a d e r s , ta p e units o r d r i v e s , d is k units o r d r i v e s , and data d is p la y units
a r e e x a m p l e s o f such e q u ip m e n t.

I l l u s t r a t i n g w o r k r e q u i r i n g a r t i s t i c a b i l i ty ;

-

P E R IP H E R A L E Q U IPM E N T O P E R A T O R

D e s i g n w o r k r e q u i r i n g the te c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e ,
to c o n c e i v e o r o r i g i n a t e d e s i g n s ;

47

D R A F T E R — Continued

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN— Continued

NOTE:
E x c lu d e d r a f t e r s p e r f o r m i n g w o r k o f s i m i l a r d i f f i c u l t y to
that d e s c r i b e d at this l e v e l but who p r o v i d e s u p p ort f o r a v a r i e t y o f o r g a n i ­
zatio n s w h ich have w i d e l y d i f f e r i n g functions o r r e q u i r e m e n t s .

fre q u e n t e n g in e e rin g chan ges.
W o rk in v o lve s :
A d e t a i l e d un dersta nd in g o f
the in t e r r e l a ti o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g ind ependent j u d g m e n t in p e r ­
f o r m i n g such tasks as m aking c i r c u i t a n a l y s e s , c a lc u la tin g w a v e f o r m s ,
tr a c i n g r ela tion sh ip s in s ign al f l o w ; and r e g u l a r l y using c o m p l e x te x t i n ­
str um en ts ( e . g . , dual t r a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s ,
Q - m e t e r s , deviation m e t e r s ,
puls e g e n e r a t o r s ) .

C lass C .
P r e p a r e s v a r i o u s d r a w in g s o f p a r ts and a s s e m b l i e s ,
including s e c t i o n a l p r o f i l e s , i r r e g u l a r o r r e v e r s e c u r v e s , hidden l i n e s , and
s m a l l o r i n t r i c a t e d e ta ils .
W o r k r e q u i r e s use o f m o s t o f the c on ve n tion al
d ra ft in g te c h n iq u e s and a w o r k i n g k n o w le d g e of the t e r m s and p r o c e d u r e s o f
the in d u s try .
F a m i l i a r o r r e c u r r i n g w o r k is a s s i g n e d in g e n e r a l t e r m s ;
u n f a m i l i a r a s s i g n m e n t s in clu de i n f o r m a t i o n on m e t h o d s , p r o c e d u r e s , s o u r c e s
of i n f o r m a t i o n , and p r e c e d e n t s to be f o l l o w e d .
S i m p l e r e v i s i o n s to e x is tin g
d ra w in g s m a y be a s s i g n e d w ith a v e r b a l e x p la n a tio n o f the d e s i r e d r e s u l t s ;
m o r e c o m p l e x r e v i s i o n s a r e p r o d u c e d f r o m s k e tch e s w h ich c l e a r l y
d e p ic t
the d e s i r e d produc t.
C l a s s D.
P r e p a r e s d r a w i n g s o f s i m p l e , e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d p arts o r
equ ip m en t f r o m sketch e s o r m a r k e d - u p p rin ts . S e le c ts a p p r o p r i a t e te m p la te s
and o t h e r e qu ip m en t ne e d e d to c o m p l e t e a s s i g n m e n t s .
D raw ings fit fa m ilia r
patterns and p r e s e n t f e w te c h n i c a l p r o b l e m s .
S u p e r v i s o r p r o v i d e s d e ta ile d
in s tr u c tio n s on new a s s i g n m e n t s , g i v e s g u id an c e wh en questio ns a r i s e , and
rev ie w s com pleted w o rk fo r accuracy.
C l a s s E.
W o r k i n g under c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n ,
t r a c e s o r c o p ie s
fin is h e d d r a w i n g s , m ak in g c l e a r l y in d i c a te d r e v i s i o n s .
U ses a ppropriate
te m p l a t e s to d r a w c u r v e d l in e s .
A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s i g n e d to d e v e l o p
i n c r e a s i n g s k i l l in v a r i o u s d r a ft i n g te c h n iq u e s . W o r k is s p o t - c h e c k e d dur ing
p r o g r e s s and r e v i e w e d upon c o m p l e t i o n .
NOTE:
E x c lu d e d r a f t e r s
p erform in g elem en tary
r e c e i v i n g tr a i n i n g in the m o s t b a s ic d r a ft in g m eth od s .

ta sks

w h ile

E L E C T R O N IC S TE C H N IC IA N
W o r k s on v a r i o u s ty p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c e quip m en t and r e l a t e d d e v i c e s
by p e r f o r m i n g one o r a c om b in atio n o f the fo l l o w i n g : In s ta l l i n g , m ain ta in in g ,
r e p a i r i n g , o v e r h a u l i n g , t r o u b l e s h o o t i n g , m o d i f y i n g , c o n s t ru c tin g , and t e s tin g .
W o r k r e q u i r e s p r a c t i c a l ap p lic a tio n o f t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e o f e l e c t r o n i c s
p r i n c i p l e s , a b i l i t y to d e t e r m i n e m a l f u n c ti o n s , and s k i l l to put equipm en t in
r e q u i r e d o p e r a ti n g con dition.
T h e equip m en t— c o n s is tin g o f e i t h e r m a n y d i f f e r e n t kinds o f c ir c u i t s
o r m u l t i p l e r e p e ti ti o n o f the s a m e kind o f c i r c u i t — i n c lu d e s , but is not l i m i t e d
to, the f o l l o w i n g :
(a) E l e c t r o n i c t r a n s m i t t i n g and r e c e i v i n g equip m en t ( e . g . ,
r a d a r, r a d i o , t e l e v i s i o n , te le p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v i g a t i o n a l a id s ), (b) d i g i t a l and
an alog c o m p u t e r s , and ( c ) in d u s tr i a l and m e d i c a l m e a s u r i n g and c o n tr o l l i n g
eq uip m en t.
T h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c lu d e s r e p a i r e r s o f such standard e l e c t r o n i c
equip m en t as c o m m o n o f f i c e m a c h in e s and h ousehold ra d io and t e l e v i s i o n
s ets; p ro d u c tio n a s s e m b l e r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s wh os e p r i m a r y duty is
s e r v i c i n g e l e c t r o n i c t e s t i n s tr u m e n ts ; te c h n ic ia n s who ha ve a d m i n i s t r a t i v e
o r s u p e r v i s o r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s i g n e r s , and p r o f e s s i o n a l
e n gin ee r s .
P ositions
d e fin it io n s :

are c la ssified

into

l e v e l s on

the b a s is o f

the f o l l o w i n g

C l a s s A . A p p l i e s advanced t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to s o l v e unusually
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , th ose that t y p i c a l l y cannot be s o l v e d s o l e l y by
r e f e r e n c e to m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m an uals o r s i m i l a r d oc u m e n ts ) in w o r k i n g on
e l e c t r o n i c e qu ip m en t.
E x a m p l e s o f such p r o b l e m s include l o c a t io n and
de ns it y o f c i r c u i t r y , e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c r a d ia tio n , i s o l a t i n g m a lf u n c tio n s , and




W o r k m a y be r e v i e w e d b y s u p e r v i s o r ( f r e q u e n t l y an e n g i n e e r or
d e s i g n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p l i a n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s .
M ay provide
t e c h n i c a l guidance to l o w e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .

C las s B . A p p l i e s c o m p r e h e n s i v e t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to s o l v e c o m ­
p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , th ose that t y p i c a l l y can b e s o l v e d s o l e l y b y p r o p e r l y
i n t e r p r e t i n g m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m anuals o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n ts ) in w o r k i n g on
e l e c t r o n i c equipment.
W ork in vo lves:
A f a m i l i a r i t y w i t h the i n t e r r e l a t i o n ­
ships o f c i r c u i t s ; and judgment in d e t e r m i n i n g w o r k s e qu e n c e and in s e l e c t i n g
to o ls and testin g in s tr u m e n ts , u s u a l l y l e s s c o m p l e x th at th o s e used b y the
c l a s s A tec hn ician.

R e c e i v e s te c h n ic a l g uid ance, as r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l te c hn ic ia n, and w o r k is r e v i e w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p l i a n c e w ith a c c e p t e d
p r a c t i c e s and w o r k a s s ig n m e n ts .
M a y p r o v i d e t e c h n i c a l guidance to l o w e r
l e v e l te chnic ians.

C las s C. A p p l i e s w o r k i n g t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to p e r f o r m s i m p l e o r
routin e tasks in w o rk in g on e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m en t, f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d i n ­
str uction s which c o v e r v i r t u a l l y a l l p r o c e d u r e s . W o r k t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s such
tasks as: A s s i s t i n g h ig h e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s by p e r f o r m i n g such a c t i v i t i e s as
r e p l a c i n g c om p one n ts , w i r i n g c i r c u i t s , and ta king t e s t r e a d i n g s ; r e p a i r i n g
s i m p l e e l e c t r o n i c equip m ent; and using to o l s and c o m m o n te s t i n s tr u m e n ts
( e . g . , m u l t i m e t e r s , audio s ig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tube t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) . Is
not r e q u i r e d to be f a m i l i a r w ith the i n t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s .
T h is
k n o w le d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y be a c q u i r e d th ro u gh a s s i g n m e n t s d e s i g n e d to i n ­
c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e (in cludin g c l a s s r o o m t r a i n i n g ) s o that w o r k e r can ad v an c e
t o h i g h e r l e v e l technician.

R e c e i v e s te c h n ica l g uid ance, as r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h i g h e r
l e v e l te chnic ian. W o r k is t y p i c a l l y s p o t - c h e c k e d , but is g i v e n d e t a i l e d r e v i e w
wh en new o r ad vanced a s s i g n m e n ts a r e i n v o l v e d .

R E G IS TE R E D IN D U S T R IA L NURSE
A r e g i s t e r e d n u rs e g i v e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e under g e n e r a l m e d i c a l
d i r e c t i o n to i l l o r in ju re d e m p l o y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s wh o b e c o m e i l l o r
s u f f e r an ac c id e n t on the p r e m i s e s o f a f a c t o r y o r ot h e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
D u tie s i n v o l v e a c om b in atio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : G i v i n g f i r s t aid to the i l l o r
i n ju re d ; attending to subseq uent d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g
r e c o r d s of patients t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c i d e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t i o n o r
ot h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a ti o n s and health e v a lu a tio n s o f
ap p li cants and e m p l o y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y i n g out p r o g r a m s i n v o l v i n g

REGISTERED IN D U ST R IA L NURSE— Continued
h e a lt h e d u c a tio n , a c c i d e n t p r e v e n t i o n , e v a lu a tio n o f plant e n v i r o n m e n t , o r
o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g the h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , and safe ty o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .
N u r s i n g s u p e r v i s o r s o r head n u r s e s in e s ta b l i s h m e n ts e m p l o y i n g m o r e than
one n u r s e a r e e x c l u d e d .

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant

M A IN T E N A N C E MACHINIST— Continued
m a c h in e t o o l s ; shaping o f m e t a l p a r ts to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; making standard
shop com p utatio ns r e l a t i n g to d im e n s io n s of w o r k , t o o lin g , f e e d s , and speeds
o f m ac h in in g ; k n o w le d g e of the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f the c o m m o n m e t a ls ;
s e l e c t i n g s ta n dard m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , and e quip m en t r e q u i r e d f o r this w o rk ;
and fittin g and a s s e m b l i n g p arts into m e c h a n i c a l equipment.
In g e n e r a l , the
m a c h i n i s t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a rounded t r a in in g in m a c h in e - s h o p
p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u i r e d th rough a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e quivalent
tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H AN IC (M A C H IN E R Y )

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y duties n e c e s s a r y t o c on stru c t and m a in ta in
in g o o d r e p a i r b u i l d i n g w o o d w o r k and equip m en t such as b in s , c r i b s , counters,
b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d
in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g and
l a y i n g out o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t i o n s ;
us in g a v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r ' s h a n d too ls , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , and stan da rd
m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; m a k i n g stan da rd shop com puta tions r e l a t i n g to d i ­
m e n s i o n s o f w o r k ; and s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s s a r y f o r the w o r k . In g e n ­
e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a i n t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s roun ded t r a i n i n g and
e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p re n ti c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l equip m en t o f an e s ta b lis hm en t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : E x a m in in g m ac h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l
e quip m en t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d is m a n tlin g o r p a r t l y d ism an tling
m a c h in e s and p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s that m a i n l y i n v o l v e the use of handtools in
s c r a p i n g and fit tin g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b ro k e n o r d e f e c t i v e par ts with ite m s
obta in ed f r o m sto ck ; o r d e r i n g the p ro d u c tion o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p art by a
m a c h in e shop o r sending the m a c h in e to a m a c h in e shop f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ;
p r e p a r i n g w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s o r f o r the p ro duction of
p arts o r d e r e d f r o m m ac h in e shops; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h in e s ; and making a l l
n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts f o r o p e r a tio n .
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f a m a c h i n e r y
m ain te n an c e m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s rounded tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e us ually
a c q u i r e d th rough a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e qu iv ale n t tr a in in g and e x ­
p erien ce.
E x c lu d e d f r o m this c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s wh ose p r i m a r y
duties i n v o l v e se tting up o r adju sting m ac h in e s .

M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R IC IA N
P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e functio ns such as the i n ­
s t a l l a t i o n , m a i n t e n a n c e , o r r e p a i r o f equipm en t f o r the g e n e r a t i o n , d i s t r i ­
b utio n, o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k i n v o l v e s
m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : I n s t a l l i n g o r r e p a i r i n g any o f a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l
e q u ip m e n t such as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s ,
c i r c u i t b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e a t in g units, conduit s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s ­
m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t; w o r k i n g f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , l a y o u t s , o r o t h e r
s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g and d i a g n o s i n g t r o u b l e in the e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r
e q u i p m e n t ; w o r k i n g s ta n d a rd com p utatio ns r e l a t i n g to load r e q u i r e m e n t s o f
w i r i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u i p m e n t; and using a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n ' s handtools
and m e a s u r i n g and t e s t i n g i n s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a i n ­
t e n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s roun ded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u ally a c q u i r e d
th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E P A IN T E R
P a i n t s and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , and f i x t u r e s o f an e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s the f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l e d g e o f s u r fa c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s
and t y p e s o f paint r e q u i r e d f o r d i f f e r e n t ap p lic a tio n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r
p a in tin g b y r e m o v i n g old f i n i s h o r by p la c in g putty o r f i l l e r in n a il ho les
and i n t e r s t i c e s ; and a p p ly in g pain t w ith s p r a y gun o r bru sh. M a y m i x c o l o r s ,
o i l s , w h ite l e a d , and o t h e r pain t i n g r e d i e n t s to ob ta in p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n ­
s i s t e n c y . In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m ain te n an c e p a in t e r r e q u i r e s rounded
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u i r e d th ro ugh a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E M A C H IN IS T
P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r ts and new p a r ts in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f
m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k i n ­
v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : I n t e r p r e t i n g w r i t t e n in s tr u c tio n s and s p e c i f i c a ­
t i o n s ; plannin g and l a y i n g out o f w o r k ; using a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t ' s handt o o l s and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; settin g up and o p e r a t i n g stan da rd




M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M O T O R V E H IC L E )
R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i l e s , b u s e s, m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s of an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
E x a m in in g a u tom otiv e
e quip m en t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s a s s e m b l i n g equipm ent and p e r ­
f o r m i n g r e p a i r s that i n v o l v e the use o f such handtools as w r e n c h e s , g aug es,
d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e quip m en t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r fittin g p a r ts ; re p la c in g
b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r ts f r o m sto ck ; g rin d in g and adjustin g v a l v e s ; r e ­
a s s e m b l i n g and in s t a l l i n g the v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in the v e h i c l e and making
n e c e s s a r y ad ju s tm e n ts ; and a lig n in g w h e e l s , adjustin g b r a k e s and lig h ts , or
tighte n ing body b olts .
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m o t o r v e h i c l e m ain te n ance
m e c h a in c r e q u i r e s rounded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u all y a c q u i r e d th ro ugh
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
This
cla s s ific a tio n d o e s
not i n c l u d e
c u s t o m e r s ' v e h i c l e s in a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r shops.

m e c h a n ic s

who

repair

M A IN T E N A N C E P IP E F IT T E R
I n s ta lls o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r other ty pes of pipe and
p i p e f i tt in g s in an e s t a b lis h m e n t. W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : L a y in g
out w o r k and m e a s u r i n g to l o c a t e p o s itio n of pipe f r o m d ra w in g s or other
w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; cutting v a r i o u s s i z e s o f pipe to c o r r e c t lengths with
c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p ip e - c u t tin g m a c h in e s ; th read ing
pip e w ith sto ck s and d i e s ; bending pipe by h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n
m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g pipe w ith c oup lin gs and fas te n in g pipe to h a n g e r s ;
m ak in g s ta n dard shop com p u tatio n s r e l a t i n g to p r e s s u r e s , f l o w , and s i z e of
pip e r e q u i r e d ; and m a k in g sta n da rd te s ts to d e t e r m i n e w h ethe r fin is h e d pipes
m ee t specifications.
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m ain te n ance p i p e f i t t e r
r e q u i r e s rou nded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u all y a c q u i r e d through a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
W orkers p rim a rily
e n g a g e d in in s t a l l i n g and r e p a i r i n g building sanitation o r heating s y s te m s
a r e e x clud ed .

M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R

M A C H I N E - T O O L O P E R A T O R ( T O O L R O O M ) — Continued

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , and m a in ta in s in good r e p a i r the s h e e t - m e t a l
e quip m en t and f i x t u r e s (s uc h as m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e pans, s h e l v e s ,
l o c k e r s , tan k s, v e n t i l a t o r s , c h utes, d ucts , m e t a l r o o f i n g ) o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g and l a y i n g out all ty p e s o f
s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , m o d e l s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a ­
t io n s ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a t i n g a l l a v a i l a b l e ty p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k i n g
m a c h i n e s ; using a v a r i e t y o f handtools in cuttin g, b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , shaping,
f i tti n g , and a s s e m b l i n g ; and i n s t a l l i n g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s as r e q u i r e d . In
g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s rounded
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u ally a c q u i r e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

w o r k o f a m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r ( t o o l r o o m ) at the s k ill l e v e l c a l l e d f o r in
this c l a s s i f i c a t i o n r e q u i r e s e x t e n s i v e k n o w le d g e o f m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l ­
r o o m p r a c t i c e usuall y a c q u i r e d th ro ugh c o n s i d e r a b l e o n - t h e - j o b t r a i n i n g and
experien ce.
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , this c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d oes not
in c lu d e m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s ( t o o l r o o m ) e m p l o y e d in t o o l and die job b in g
shops.
T O O L A N D DIE M A K E R
C onstr ucts and r e p a i r s j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cutting t o o l s , g a u g e s , or
m e t a l d ie s or m o ld s used in shaping o r f o r m i n g m e t a l o r n o n m e ta l l i c
m a t e r i a l (e . g . , p l a s t i c , p l a s t e r , r u b b e r , g l a s s ) .
W ork ty p ica lly in v o lv e s :
P la n n in g and la y in g out w o r k a c c o r d i n g to m o d e l s , b l u e p r i n ts , d r a w i n g s , o r
ot h e r w r i t t e n o r o r a l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u n d e r s tan d in g the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s of
c o m m o n m eta ls and a l l o y s ; s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r i a t e m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , and
p r o c e s s e s r e q u i r e d to c o m p l e t e tas k ; m ak in g n e c e s s a r y shop c om p u tatio n s ;
se tting up and op e r a tin g v a r io u s m a c h in e to o l s and r e l a t e d e qu ip m en t; using
v a r i o u s t o o l and die m a k e r ' s handtools and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ;
w o r k i n g to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g m e t a l p a r ts and f i n i s h e d to o ls
and d ie s to a c h i e v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; fittin g and a s s e m b l i n g p arts to p r e ­
s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s and a l l o w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l , the t o o l and d ie m a k e r ' s
w o r k r e q u i r e s rounded tr a in in g in m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e
u s u a lly a c q u i r e d through f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t tr a i n i n g and
experien ce.

M IL L W R IG H T
I n s ta lls n e w m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t, and d i s m a n t l e s and
in s ta l l s m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m en t wh en changes in the plant layout a r e
r e q u i r e d . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g and la y i n g out w o r k ;
i n t e r p r e t i n g b lu e p r i n ts o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; using a v a r i e t y o f handtools
and r i g g i n g ; m a k in g stan da rd shop c om p u tatio n s r e l a t i n g to s t r e s s e s , s tr e n g t h
o f m a t e r i a l s , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; alig n in g and b a la n c in g e qu ip m en t;
s e l e c t i n g sta n d a rd t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t, and p a r t s to be used; and in s t a l l i n g and
m a in ta in in g in good o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e qu ip m en t such as d r i v e s and
s p eed r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , the m i l l w r i g h t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a
rounded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e in the t r a d e a c q u i r e d th rough a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , this c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d oe s not
in c lu d e tool and die m a k e r s who (1 ) a r e e m p l o y e d in t o o l and die jobbing
shops o r (2) pro d u c e f o r g i n g d ie s ( d i e s i n k e r s ) .

M A IN T E N A N C E TRADES H E L P E R
A s s i s t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k i l l e d m ain te n a n c e t r a d e s , by
p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c o r g e n e r a l duties o f l e s s e r s k i l l , such as k e e p in g a
w o r k e r s u p p li ed w it h m a t e r i a l s and t o o l s ; c le a n in g w o r k i n g a r e a , m a c h in e ,
and e q u ip m en t; a s s i s t i n g j o u r n e y m a n by hold in g m a t e r i a l s o r t o o l s ; and
p e r f o r m i n g o t h e r u n s k ille d tas k s as d i r e c t e d by jo u r n e y m a n .
The kind o f
w o r k the h e l p e r is p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to tr a d e :
In
s o m e t r a d e s the h e l p e r is con fin e d to s u p p ly in g, l i f t i n g , and holding m a t e r i a l s
and t o o l s , and c le a n in g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; and in o t h e r s he is p e r m i t t e d to
p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m ac h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r ts o f a t r a d e that a r e a ls o
p e r f o r m e d by w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .

S T A T IO N A R Y ENG INEER
O p e rates and m ainta ins one o r m o r e s y s t e m s w h ich p r o v i d e an
e s ta b lis h m e n t with such s e r v i c e s as heat, a i r - c o n d i t i o n i n g ( c o o l , h u m id ify ,
d e h u m id ify , f i l t e r , and c i r c u l a t e a i r ) , r e f r i g e r a t i o n , s t e a m o r h i g h - t e m p e r a tu r e w a t e r , or e l e c t r i c i t y .
D uties i n v o l v e :
O b s e r v i n g and i n t e r p r e t i n g
r e a d in g s on g aug es, m e t e r s , and c h a r ts w h ic h r e g i s t e r v a r i o u s a s p e c t s of
the s y s t e m ' s op e r a tio n ; adjustin g c o n t r o l s to i n s u r e s afe and e f f i c i e n t o p e r a ­
tio n of the s y s t e m and to m e e t d em an d s f o r the s e r v i c e p r o v i d e d ; r e c o r d i n g
in l o g s v a r io u s a s p e cts o f the s y s t e m ' s o p e r a t i o n ; k e ep in g the e n g in e s ,
m a c h i n e r y , and equip m en t of the s y s t e m in g o o d w o r k i n g o r d e r .
M ay d irect
and c o o rd in a te a c t i v i t i e s of oth e r w o r k e r s (no t s t a t i o n a r y e n g i n e e r s ) in p e r ­
f o r m i n g tasks d i r e c t l y r e l a t e d to o p e r a t i n g and m a in ta in in g the s y s t e m o r
system s.

M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R (T O O LR O O M )
S p e c i a l i z e s in o p e r a t i n g one o r m o r e than one ty p e o f m a c h in e
t o o l ( e . g . , j i g b o r e r , g r in d in g m a c h i n e , e ng ine lathe, m i l l i n g m a c h in e ) to
m a c h in e m e t a l f o r use in m ak in g o r m a in ta in in g j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cutting t o o l s ,
g a u g e s , o r m e t a l d ies o r m o l d s used in shaping o r f o r m i n g m e t a l o r
n on m etallic m a t e r ia l (e .g ., p la s tic , p la s te r , ru bber, g la s s).
W ork typ ica lly
i n v o l v e s : P la n n in g and p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t m ac h in in g o p e r a t i o n s w h ic h
r e q u i r e c o m p l i c a t e d setups o r a high d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; se tting up m a c h in e
t o o l o r t o o l s ( e . g . , i n s t a l l cutting t o o l s and adjust g u i d e s , s to p s , w o r k i n g
t a b l e s , and o t h e r c o n tr o l s to handle the s i z e o f stoc k to be m a c h in e d ;
d e t e r m i n e p r o p e r f e e d s , s p e e d s , t o o l i n g , and o p e r a t i o n s e q u e n c e o r s e l e c t
th os e p r e s c r i b e d in d r a w i n g s , b l u e p r i n t s , o r la y o u t s ) ; using a v a r i e t y o f
p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y ad ju s tm e n ts dur ing
m ac h in in g o p e r a t i o n to a c h i e v e r e q u i s i t e d i m e n s i o n s to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s .
M a y be r e q u i r e d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c oo la n ts and cutting and l u b r i c a t i n g o i l s ,
to r e c o g n i z e wh en t o o l s n e e d d r e s s i n g , and to d r e s s t o o l s . In g e n e r a l , the




T h e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c lu d e s head o r c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
e m p l o y i n g m o r e than one e n g i n e e r ; w o r k e r s r e q u i r e d to be s k i l l e d in the
r e p a i r o f e l e c t r o n i c c o n tr o l e q u ip m en t; and w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o ­
duc ing e l e c t r i c i t y , s te a m , o r h e ated o r c o o l e d a i r p r i m a r i l y f o r sale.
B O IL E R TE ND E R
Tends one o r m o r e b o i l e r s to p r o d u c e s t e a m o r h i g h - t e m p e r a t u r e
w a t e r f o r use in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
F ir e s b oiler.
O b s e r v e s and i n t e r p r e t s
r e a d i n g s on g a u g es , m e t e r s , and c h a r ts w h ic h r e g i s t e r v a r i o u s a s p e c t s of
b o i l e r op eration .
A d ju s ts c o n t r o l s to i n s u r e s a f e and e f f i c i e n t b o i l e r o p e r a ­
t i o n and to m e e t deman ds f o r s t e a m o r h i g h - t e m p e r a t u r e w a t e r .
M a y also

50

B O ILE R T E N D E R — Continued

SHIPPER AND RECEIVER— Continued

do one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g :
M a in ta in a lo g in which v a r i o u s a s p e c t s
o f b o i l e r o p e r a t i o n a r e r e c o r d e d ; c le a n , o i l , m ak e m i n o r r e p a i r s o r a s s i s t
in r e p a i r s to b o i l e r r o o m equ ip m en t; and, f o l l o w i n g p r e s c r i b e d m e t h o d s ,
t r e a t b o i l e r w a t e r w ith c h e m i c a l s and a n a l y z e b o i l e r w a t e r f o r such things
as a c i d i t y , c a u s t i c i t y , and a l k a lin ity .

r e c e i p t s , o r oth e r r e c o r d s ; ch e c k in g f o r d a m a g e d g ood s ; insur ing that
goods a r e a p p r o p r i a t e l y i d e n t i f i e d f o r routing to d e p a rtm e n ts within the
e s ta b lis h m e n t; p r e p a r i n g and keepin g r e c o r d s of goods r e c e i v e d .
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d as fo l l o w s :

T h e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro d u c tin g
e l e c t r i c i t y , s t e a m , o r h e a ted o r c o o l e d a i r p r i m a r i l y f o r sa le .

S h ip per
R eceiver
S h ip pe r and r e c e i v e r

Material Movement and Custodial

WAREHOUSEMAN
TR U C K D R IV E R
A s d i r e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y of w a r e h o u s in g duties which r e q u i r e
an understa nding o f the e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's s t o r a g e plan.
W o r k i n v o lv e s m o s t
o f the f o l l o w i n g :
V e r i f y i n g m a t e r i a l s ( o r m e r c h a n d i s e ) ag ain s t r e c e i v i n g
d oc u m e n ts , noting and r e p o r t i n g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and obvious d a m a g e s ; routing
m a t e r i a l s to p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e lo c a t i o n s ; s t o r i n g , s tac k in g , o r p a lle tizin g
m a t e r i a l s in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m eth od s ; r e a r r a n g i n g and
taking i n v e n t o r y o f s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s ; ex a m in in g s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s and r e ­
p o r tin g d e t e r i o r a t i o n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s to r a g e and
p r e p a r i n g it f o r ship m en t.
M a y o p e r a t e hand o r p o w e r tr uck s in p e r f o r m i n g
w a r e h o u s in g duties.

D r i v e s a t r u c k w ith in a c i t y o r in d u s trial a r e a to t r a n s p o r t
m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e , e q u ip m en t, or w o r k e r s b e tw e e n v a r i o u s ty p e s o f
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s such a s :
M an u fa ctu rin g plants, f r e i g h t d e p o ts , w a r e h o u s e s ,
w h o l e s a l e and r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , or b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and
c u s t o m e r s ' houses o r p l a c e s o f b u s in ess.
M a y a l s o load o r unload tr u c k
w ith o r wit h ou t h e l p e r s , m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , and k e ep tr u c k in
good w ork ing o rd e r.
S a l e s r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e excluded.
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s
r a t e d c a p a c i t y o f tr u c k , as f o l l o w s :

a r e c l a s s i f i e d by ty p e and

T r u c k d r i v e r , l i g h t tr u c k
( s t r a i g h t t r u c k , un der I V 2 to ns, u suall y 4 w h e e l s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d i u m tr u c k
( s t r a i g h t tr u c k , IV2 to 4 tons i n c l u s i v e , usuall y 6 w h e e l s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y tr u c k
( s t r a i g h t t r u c k , o v e r 4 tons, u s u ally 10 w h e e l s )
T ru ck d river, tra c to r-tra ile r

E x c lu d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y duties i n v o l v e shipping and r e ­
c e i v i n g w o r k ( s e e S h ip p e r and R e c e i v e r and Shipping P a c k e r ) , o r d e r fil l i n g
( s e e O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a tin g p o w e r tr u c k s ( s e e P o w e r - T r u c k O p e ra t o r ).

ORDER F IL L E R

F i l l s shipping o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in is h e d goods f r o m s to r e d
m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a le s s lip s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r oth e r in s tr u c tio n s .
M a y , in a d d it io n to f i l l i n g o r d e r s and i n ­
dicating i t e m s f i l l e d o r o m itte d , keep r e c o r d s o f ou tgoing o r d e r s , r e q u is itio n
a d d ition al stoc k or r e p o r t s h o rt suppli es to s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m other
r e l a t e d duties.

S H IP P E R AND R E C E IV E R
P e r f o r m s c l e r i c a l and p h y s i c a l tasks in c on nectio n w ith shipping
g ood s o f the e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p l o y e d and r e c e i v i n g in c o m in g
s h ip m e n ts .
In p e r f o r m i n g d a y - t o - d a y , routine ta s k s , f o l l o w s e s ta b l i s h e d
g u idelin es.
In handlin g Unusual nonr outine p r o b l e m s , r e c e i v e s s p e c i f i c g u id ­
a n ce f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r o t h e r o f f i c i a l s .
M a y d i r e c t and c o o r d i n a t e the
a c t i v i t i e s o f o t h e r w o r k e r s e n g a g e d in handling goods to be ship ped o r being
received .

SH IPPIN G P A C K E R

P r e p a r e s f in is h e d prod ucts f o r shipm en t o r s t o r a g e by placing th em
in shipping c o n t a i n e r s , the s p e c i f i c o p e r a tio n s p e r f o r m e d being dependent
upon the ty p e, s i z e , and n u m b er o f units to be p acked, the type o f con tainer
e m p l o y e d , and m eth o d o f shipm ent.
W o r k r e q u i r e s the p lacing o f i te m s in
shipping c o n ta in e r s and m a y i n v o l v e one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : K n o w le d g e
o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f s to c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y content; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r ia t e
ty p e and s i z e o f c o n ta i n e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n ta i n e r ; using e x c e l s i o r
o r other m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g and seali ng
c o n ta in e r ; and ap p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n te r i n g i d e n tify in g data on con ta in er.
P a c k e r s who a l s o m a k e w o o d e n b ox es o r c r a t e s a r e exc luded.

S h ip p e r s t y p i c a l l y a r e r e s p o n s i b l e f o r m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
V e r i f y i n g that o r d e r s a r e a c c u r a t e l y f i l l e d b y c o m p a r i n g i t e m s and quantities
o f good s g a t h e r e d f o r s h ip m en t a g a in s t docum ents ; insuring that shipm en ts
a r e p r o p e r l y p a c k a g e d , i d e n t i f i e d with shipping i n f o r m a t i o n , and l o a d e d into
t r a n s p o r t i n g v e h i c l e s ; p r e p a r i n g and keepin g r e c o r d s o f good s ship ped, e . g . ,
m a n i f e s t s , b i l l s o f lad in g .
R e c e i v e r s t y p i c a l l y a r e r e s p o n s i b l e f o r m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
V e r i f y i n g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f i n c o m i n g ship m en ts by c o m p a r i n g i t e m s and
qu a n titie s un load ed a g a i n s t b i l l s of lad in g , i n v o i c e s , m a n i f e s t s , s t o r a g e




51

M A T E R IA L HANDLING L A B O R E R

GUARD— Continued

A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m an u fa c tu rin g plant , s t o r e , o r
o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t w h o s e duties i n v o l v e one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g :
L o a d in g and unloading v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s and m e r c h a n d i s e on o r f r o m f r e i g h t
c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; un packing, s h e l v i n g , o r p l a c i n g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e l o c a t io n ; and t r a n s p o r t i n g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e b y handtr uck, c a r , o r w h e e l b a r r o w .
Longshore
w o r k e r s , who lo a d and unload s h ip s , a r e e x clu d ed .

Guards e m p l o y e d by e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h i c h p r o v i d e p r o t e c t i v e
v i c e s on a con tra ct b a s is a r e in c lu d e d in th is oc c u p atio n.

PO W E R -TRU C K O P E R A TO R
O p e r a t e s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o l l e d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d tr u c k
o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t good s and m a t e r i a l s o f a l l kinds about a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u fa c tu rin g plant, o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s
t r u c k , as f o l l o w s :

a r e c l a s s i f i e d by ty p e o f p o w e r -

F orklift operator
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r ( o t h e r than f o r k l i f t )

ser­

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , g u ard s a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :
C la ss A . E n f o r c e s r e g u l a t i o n s d e s i g n e d to p r e v e n t b r e a c h e s o f
secu rity.
E x e r c i s e s jud g m ent and uses d i s c r e t i o n in d e a lin g w ith e m e r ­
g e n c i e s and s e c u r i t y v i o l a t i o n s e n c o u n te r e d .
D eterm ines whether f ir s t
r e s p o n s e should be to in t e r v e n e d i r e c t l y ( a s k in g f o r a s s i s t a n c e when d e e m e d
n e c e s s a r y and t i m e a l l o w s ) , to k e e p s itu ation under s u r v e i l l a n c e , o r to r e ­
p o r t situation so that it can be handled by a p p r o p r i a t e au th ority .
Duties
r e q u i r e s p e c i a l i z e d t r a in in g in m eth o d s and te c h n iqu e s o f p r o t e c t i n g s e c u r i t y
a r e a s . C o m m o n ly , the guard is r e q u i r e d to d e m o n s t r a t e continuing p h y s i c a l
f i tn e s s and p r o f i c i e n c y w it h f i r e a r m s o r o t h e r s p e c i a l w e a p o n s .
C las s B . C a r r i e s out in s t r u c t i o n s p r i m a r i l y o r i e n t e d t o w a r d i n ­
s u rin g that e m e r g e n c i e s and s e c u r i t y v i o l a t i o n s a r e r e a d i l y d i s c o v e r e d and
r e p o r t e d to a p p ro p ria t e authority. I n t e r v e n e s d i r e c t l y o n ly in situ atio ns w h ich
r e q u i r e m i n i m a l ac tio n to s a f e g u a r d p r o p e r t y o r p e r s o n s .
Duties r e q u i r e
m i n i m a l tr a in in g.
C o m m o n l y , the g u a r d is not r e q u i r e d to d e m o n s tr a te
p h y s i c a l fit n e s s . M a y be a r m e d , but g e n e r a l l y is not r e q u i r e d to d e m o n s t r a t e
p r o f i c i e n c y in the use o f f i r e a r m s o r s p e c i a l w e a p o n s .
J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R

GUARD
P r o t e c t s p r o p e r t y f r o m th eft o r d a m a g e , o r p e r s o n s f r o m h a z a r d s
or in terfe re n c e .
Duties i n v o l v e s e r v i n g at a f i x e d p os t, m a k in g rounds on
foot o r by m o t o r v e h i c l e , o r e s c o r t i n g p e r s o n s o r p r o p e r t y . M a y be d e p u tize d
to m ak e a r r e s t s .
M a y a ls o help v i s i t o r s and c u s t o m e r s by a n s w e r i n g
questio ns and g i v i n g d i r e c t i o n s .




Cleans and k eep s in an o r d e r l y con d ition f a c t o r y w o r k i n g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r tm e n t h ouse, o r c o m m e r c i a l o r
o t h e r e s tab li s h m en t. Duties i n v o l v e a c o m b i n a ti o n o f the f o l l o w i n g : S w ee p in g ,
m o p p in g o r s crub b ing, and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v i n g c h ip s , t r a s h , and o t h e r
r e f u s e ; dusting equip m en t, f u r n i t u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o l i s h i n g m e t a l f i x t u r e s o r
t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v i d i n g supplies and m i n o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; and cleaning,
l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s wh o s p e c i a l i z e in w in d o w
w a s h in g ar e e x c l u d e d .

Area Wage
Surveys
A l i s t o f the l a t e s t b u lle tin s a v a i l a b l e is p re s e n te d b e low . B u ll e tin s
m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m any o f the B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s shown on the back
c o v e r , o r f r o m the S u p e r in te n d e n t o f Docum ents , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g
O f f i c e , Washingto n, D .C . 20402. M a k e che cks p ayab le to Superin te n den t o f
D o c u m e n ts .
A d i r e c t o r y o f o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e s u r v e y s , c o v e r i n g the y e a r s
1970 th ro ugh 1977, is a v a i l a b l e on request.

Area

B u lle tin nu m b er
and p r i c e *

A k r o n , O h i o , D e c . 1 9 7 8 ______________________________________________________
2 02 5 -63 ,
2 02 5 -58 ,
A l b a n y —S c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y . , S e p t . 1 9 7 8 1 ____________________
A n a h e im -S a n ta A n a r-G a rd e n G ro v e ,
C a lif.,
O c t . 1 9 7 8 1 ___________________________________________ _________________
2 02 5 -65 ,
A tla n ta ,
G a . , M a y 1 9 7 8 1 _____________________________________________________
2 02 5 -28 ,
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , A u g . 1 9 7 8 1 _______________________________________________
2 02 5 -50 ,
B i l l i n g s , M o n t . , J u l y 1 9 7 8 __________________________________________________
2 02 5 -38 ,
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1 9 7 8 ____________________________________________
2 0 2 5 -1 5 ,
B o s to n ,
M a s s . , A u g . 1 9 7 8 1 ________________________________________________
2 0 2 5 -4 3 ,
B u ffa lo ,
N . Y . , O c t . 1 9 7 8 1 _______________________________________________ 2 0 2 5 - 7 1 ,
C a n to n ,
O h i o , M a y 1 9 7 8 _____________________________________________________
2 0 2 5 -2 2 ,
C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . — G a . , S e p t . 1 9 7 8 1 _________________________________
2 02 5 -51 ,
C h i c a g o , 1 1 1 . , M a y 1 9 7 8 ______________________________________________________
C i n c i n n a t i , O h i o — K y . — I n d . , J u l y 1 9 7 8 __________________________________
C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , S e p t . 1 9 7 8 ________________________________________________
C o l u m b u s , O h i o , O c t . 1 9 7 8 1 ______________________________________________
C o r p u s C h r i s t i , T e x . , J u l y 1 9 7 8 __________________________________________
D a l l a s — F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t . 1 9 7 8 1_________________________________
D a v e n p o r t —R o c k I s l a n d — M o l i n e , I o w a — 1 1 1 . , F e b . 1 9 7 8 _________
D a y t o n , O h i o , D e c . 1 9 7 8 _____________________________________________________
D a y t o n a B e a c h , F l a . , A u g . 1 9 7 8 _________________________________________
D e n v e r — B o u l d e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 9 7 8 _____________________________________
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , M a r . 1 9 7 9 1 _________________________________________________
F r e s n o , C a l i f . , J u n e 1 9 7 8 1 _________________________________________________
G a i n e s v i l l e , F l a . , S e p t . 1 9 7 8 ______________________________________________
G a r y —H a m m o n d — E a s t C h i c a g o , I n d . , A u g . 1 9 7 9 1 ________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u l y 1 9 7 8 1 ______________________________________________
G r e e n s b o r o — W i n s t o n - S a l e m —H i g h P o i n t ,
N . C . , A u g . 1 9 7 8 _________________________________________________________________
G r e e n v i l l e —S p a r t a n b u r g , S . C . , J u n e 1 9 7 8 __________________________
H a r t f o r d , C o n n . , M a r . 1 9 7 8 1 ______________________________________________
H o u s t o n , T e x . , A p r . 1 9 7 8 ____________________________________________________
H u n t s v i l l e , A l a . , F e b . 1 9 7 9 _________________________________________________
I n d i a n a p o l i s , I n d . , O c t . 1 9 7 8 1 ____________________________________________
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , J a n . 1 9 7 8 ___________________________________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 7 8 ____________________________________________
K a n s a s C i t y , M o . - K a n s . , S e p t . 1 9 7 8 ___________________________________
L o s A n g e l e s — L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , O c t . 1 9 7 8 1 ____________________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y . - I n d . , N o v . 1 9 7 8 __________________________________________
M e m p h i s , T e n n . — A r k . — M i s s . , N o v . 1 9 7 8 ____________________________




2 02 5 -3
2 02 5 -3
2 02 5 -4
2 02 5 -5
2 0 2 5 -2
2 02 5 -5
2 02 5 -6
2 02 5 -6
2 02 5 -4
2 02 5 -6
2 05 0 -7
2 02 5 -3
2 02 5 -4
( T o be
2 02 5 -4

$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .3 0
$ 1 .4 0
$ 1 .5 0
$ 1 .0 0
80 c e n ts
$ 1 .5 0
$ 1 .3 0
70 c e n ts
$ 1 .2 0

2 , $ 1 .3 0
9 , $ 1 .1 0
9 , $ 1 .3 0
9 , $ 1 .5 0
9 , $ 1 .0 0
2 , $ 1 .5 0
,
70 c e n ts
6 , $ 1 .0 0
8 , $ 1 .0 0
8 , $ 1 .2 0
,
$ 1 .5 0
1 , $ 1 .2 0
5 , $ 1 .0 0
surveyed)
1 , $ 1 .2 0

2 02 5 -46 ,
2 02 5 -30 ,
2 02 5 -14 ,
2 02 5 -23 ,
2 05 0 -3,
2 02 5 -57 ,
2 0 2 5 -1 ,
2 0 2 5 -6 7 ,
2 02 5 -53 ,
2 02 5 -61 ,
2 02 5 -69 ,
2 02 5 -62 ,

$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .5 0
70 c e n ts
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .3 0
$ 1 .5 0
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .0 0

Area
M i a m i , F l a . , Oct. 1978 1
__________________________________________
M il w a u k e e , W is ., A p r . 1978 1___________________________________
M i n n e a p o l i s —St. P aul, Minn .—W is ., Jan. 1979________________
N a s sa u —
Suffolk, N. Y . , June 1978 1______________________________
N e w a r k , N .J ., Jan. 1979__________________________________________
N e w O r l e a n s , L a ., Jan. 1979 1__________________________________
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . - N . J . , M a y l 9 7 8 1 ______________________________
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B ea ch—P o r ts m o u th , V a.—
N .C . , M a y 1978 __________________________________________________
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B ea ch —P o r t s m o u t h and
N e w p o r t N e w s —H am pton, Va.—N .C . , M a y 1978----------------N o r t h e a s t P e n n s y l v a n i a , Aug. 1978 ----------------------------------O k la h o m a C ity , O k l a . , Aug. 1978_______________________________
Omaha, N e b r . —Iowa, Oct. 1978_________________________________
P a t e r s o n — l i f t o n - P a s s a i c , N .J., June 1978 1_________________
C
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . —N .J ., N ov. 1978 _____________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1978 ______________________________________
P o r t l a n d , M ain e , D ec. 1978 1 ___________________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —Wash., M a y 1978 _____________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N. Y . , June 1978 1_______________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie —K in g s ton —N ew bu rg h, N. Y., June 1978 1 ______
P r o v i d e n c e - W a r w i c k —P a w tu ck e t, R. I.—
M a s s . , June 1978________________________________________________
R ic h m o n d , V a., June 1978_______________________________________
St. L o u is , M o.—111., M a r . 1978 _________________________________
S a c r a m e n to , C a l i f . , D ec. 1978 _________________________________
Sa ginaw, M i c h . , Nov. 197 8 ______________________________________
S a lt L a k e C i t y - O g d e n , Utah, Nov. 1978 1 _____________________
San A n ton io , T e x . , M a y 1978 ___________________________________
San D ie g o , C a l i f . , N ov. 1978____________________________________
San F r a n c i s c o —
Oakland, C a l i f . , M a r . 1 9 7 8 1__________________
San Jose, C a l i f . , M a r . 1978 1 ___________________________________
S e a t tle —E v e r e t t , Wash ., D ec. 1978_____________________________
South Bend, Ind., Aug. 1978_____________________________________
T o l e d o , O h i o - M i c h . , M a y 1 9 7 8 * _________________________________
T r e n to n , N .J., Sept. 1978 1 ______________________________________
U t i c a - R o m e , N . Y . , July 1978_________________________________ _
Washington, D . C . —M d .—V a . , M a r . 1979________________________
W ic h ita , K a n s . , A p r . 1978_______________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , A p r . 1978 1_________________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F eb . 1979_____________________________________________

B ull etin number
and p r i c e *
2025-60, $ 1.30
2025-18, $ 1.40
$ 1.30
2050-1,
2025-33, $ 1.30
$ 1.30
2050-5,
$ 1.30
2050-2,
2025-35, $ 1.50
2025-20,

70 cents

2025-21,
2025-47,
2025-40,
2025-56,
2025-36,
2025-54,
2025-3,
2025-70,
2025-25,
2025-37,
2025-42,

$ 1.00
$ 1.00
$ 1.00
$ 1.20
$ 1.30
$ 1.10
$ 1.20
$ 1.00
$ 1.10
$ 1.20

2025-27,
2025-26,
2025-13,
2025-75,
2025-64,
2025-72,
2025-17,
2025-73,
2025-10,
2025-9,
2 02 5-74,
2025-44,
2025-24,
2025-55,
2025-34,
2050-4,
2025-16,
2025-19,
2050-6,

$ 1.40
80 cents

* Prices are determined by the Government Printing O ffice and are subject to change.
1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

80 cents

$ 1.20
$ 1.00
$ 1.00

$ 1.30
70 cents

$ 1.00
$ 1.40

$ 1.20
$ 1.00
$ 1.00
$ 1.20
$ 1.20
$ 1.00
$ 1.20

80 cents

$ 1.10

$ 1.00

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau o Labor Statistics Regional Offices
ff
Region I

Region II

Region III

Region IV

1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass 02203
Phone 223-6761 (Area Code 617)

Suite 3400
1515 Broadway
New York, N Y. 10036
Phone: 399-5406 (AreaCode212)

3535 Market Street,
P O Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 596-1154 (AreaCode215)

Qijjtp S40

Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Delaware
District of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Region V

Region VI

Regions VII and VIII

Regions IX and X

9lh Floor, 230 S. Dearborn Si.
Chicago, III 60604
Phone 353-1880 (Area Code 312)

Second Floor
555 Griffin Square Building
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 767-69 71 (AreaCode214)

Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo 64106
Phone 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

450 Golden Gate Ave
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Texas

VII

VIII

IX

X

towa
Kansas
Missouri
Nebraska

Colorado
Montana
North Dakota
South Dakota
Utah

Arizona
California
Hawaii
Nevada

Alaska
Idahp
Oregon
Washington

Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
Wisconsin




Wyoming

1371 Peachtree St , N E.
Atlanta, Ga 30309
Phone 881-4418 (Area Code 404)


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102