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Area
Wage
Survey
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Bulletin 2050-4




Washington, D .C .— Maryland—
Virginia, Metropolitan Area
March 1979

Preface
T h is bu lletin p r o v id e s re su lts o f a M a rch 1979 su r v e y o f o c c u p a ­
tion a l ea rn in gs in the W ashington, D .C .— aryland— irg in ia , Standard M e t­
M
V
rop olita n S ta tistica l A r e a .
The su rv e y w as m ade as pa rt of the B ureau
of L a b or S ta t is t ic s ' annual a re a w age su rv e y p r o g r a m .
It w as con du cted
by the B u rea u 's re g io n a l o ffic e in P h ila d elp h ia , P a ., under the g en era l
d ir e c tio n o f Irw in L. F eig en b au m , A s s is ta n t R eg ion a l C o m m is s io n e r fo r
O pera tion s. The su rv e y cou ld not have b een a c c o m p lis h e d w ithout the
c o o p e ra tio n o f the m any fir m s w h ose w age and s a la ry data p ro v id e d the
b a sis fo r the s ta tis tica l in form a tion in this bu lletin .
The B u reau w ish es to
e x p re s s s in c e r e a p p re cia tio n fo r the c o o p e ra tio n r e c e iv e d .
M a teria l in this pu blica tion is in the pu blic d om ain and m a y be
r e p ro d u ce d w ithout p e r m is s io n o f the F e d e r a l G overn m en t.
P le a s e c r e d it
the B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tistics and c ite the nam e and n um ber of this
pu blication .

Note:
R ep orts on occu p a tion a l earn in gs and su p p lem en tary w age ben efits
in the W ashington a re a a r e a v a ila b le fo r the h otels and m o te ls in d u stry
(M ay 1978), and on occu p a tion a l earn in gs on ly fo r the laun dry and d ry
clean in g (M a rch 1979) and r e fu s e hauling (M a rch 1979) in d u strie s .
A rep ort
on o ccu p a tion a l ea rn in gs and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s f o r m u n icip a l
g overn m en t w o rk e r s is a v a ila b le fo r the c ity o f W ashington. A ls o a v a ila b le
a r e listin g s o f union w age ra tes fo r building t r a d e s , printing tr a d e s ,
lo c a l-t r a n s it operatin g e m p lo y e e s , lo c a l tr u c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s , and
g r o c e r y s to r e e m p lo y e e s .
F r e e c o p ie s o f th ese a re a v a ila b le fr o m the
B u rea u 's r e g io n a l o ffic e s .
(See b a ck c o v e r fo r a d d r e s s e s .)




Area
Wage
Survey
U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary

Washington, D .C .— Maryland
Virginia, Metropolitan Area
March 1979
Contents

Page

Page

Bureau of Labor Statistics
Janet L. Norwood
Commissioner
June 1979
Tables— Continued

Bulletin 2050-4

For sale by the Superintendent of Docu­
ments. U S Government Printing Office,
Washington. D C. 20402, G PO Bookstores, or
BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover

Price $1.20 Make checks payable to Super­
intendent of Documents.
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/

Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

T a b le s:
Earnings, all establishm ents:
A -l.
Weeklv earniners of o ffice w orkers
A -2 .
Weekly earnings o f p rofession a l
and tech nical w orkers
___
A verage w eekly earnings of
A -3 .
office, profession a l, and
tpobniral wnrlcsrs, by sex
........
Hourly earnings of maintenance,
A -4.
toolroom , and powerplant
A -5 .
A -6 .

A -7 .
A -8.
A -9.

3
6
8

10
H ourly earnings o f m aterial
10
m ovem ent and custodial w orkers
A verage hourly earnings of
maintenance, toolroom , p ow erplant, m aterial m ovem ent, and
custodial w ork ers, by s e x ______________12
____________ 12
P ercen t in crea ses in average
hourly earnings fo r selected
occupational groups_____________________ 13
A verage pay relationships
within establishm ents
fo r w h ite -co lla r w ork ers_______________ 14
A verage pay relationships
within establishm ents
fo r b lu e -c o lla r w o r k e r s _______________ 15

Earnings, la rge establishm ents:
A -1 0. Weekly earnings o f o ffic e w o r k e r s _____ 16
A - l l . Weekly earnings o f p rofession a l
and tech nical w ork ers__________________ 18
A -12. A verage w eekly earnings of
office, profession a l, and
tech nical w ork ers, by s e x _____________ 20

Earnings, la rge establishm ents—
Continued
A -13. H ourly earnings o f maintenance,
toolroom , and powerplant
w o r k e r s ________________________________ 2 1
A -14. H ourly earnings o f m aterial
m ovem ent and custodial
w o r k e r s ________________________________ 22
A -15. A verage hourly earnings of
maintenance, toolroom , p ow erplant, m aterial movement, and
custodial w ork ers, by s e x ------------------- 23
Appendix A. Scope and method of survey--------------- 2 5
Appendix B. Occupational d e s crip tio n s------------------2 8

Introduction

T h is a re a is 1 o f 72 in w hich the U.S. D epartm en t of L a b o r 's
B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tistics con d u cts su rv e y s o f occu p a tion a l ea rn in g s and
re la te d b e n e fits.
(See lis t o f a r e a s on in sid e ba ck c o v e r .) In each a r e a ,
earn in gs data fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tion s ( A - s e r ie s ta b le s ) a r e c o lle c te d
annually.
In form a tion on e sta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age
b en efits ( B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) is obtain ed e v e r y th ird y e a r .
T h is r e p o r t has
no B - s e r i e s ta b le s .

m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing in d u str ie s . The o ccu p a tion s a re defin ed
in A ppendix B. F o r the 31 la r g e s t su r v e y a r e a s , ta b les A - 10 through A - 15
p r o v id e s im ila r data fo r esta b lish m en ts em p loyin g 500 w o r k e r s or m o r e .
T ab le A -7 p rov id es p e rce n t ch a n g es in a v e r a g e h ou rly earn in gs
o f o ffic e c le r ic a l w o r k e r s , e le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g w o r k e r s , in d u stria l
n u r s e s , sk ille d m aintenance tra d es w o r k e r s , and u n sk illed plant w o r k e r s .
W h ere p o s s ib le , data a r e p re se n te d fo r a ll in d u strie s and fo r m a n u fa c­
tu ring and nonm anufacturing sep a ra tely . Data a r e not p re se n te d fo r sk illed
m ain ten an ce w o rk e r s in nonm anufacturing b e c a u se the num ber o f w o rk e r s
em p loyed in this occu pation al grou p in n onm an ufacturin g is to o s m a ll to
w arra n t sep arate presen ta tion .
T h is ta ble p r o v id e s a m e a s u re o f w age
tren d s a fter elim in ation of changes in a v e r a g e earn in g s ca u se d by e m p lo y ­
m ent sh ifts am ong estab lish m en ts as w e ll as tu r n o v e r o f esta b lish m en ts
in clu d ed in su rvey sa m p les. F o r fu rth er d e ta ils , se e appendix A.

E a ch y e a r a fte r a ll in dividu al a r e a w age s u rv e y s have b een c o m ­
p leted , tw o su m m a ry b u lletin s a r e is su e d .
T h e fir s t b rin g s tog eth er data
fo r each m e tro p o lita n a r e a su rv e y e d ; tne se c o n d p r e se n ts national and
r e g io n a l e s t im a te s , p r o je c te d fr o m in dividu al m e tro p o lita n a r e a data, fo r
a ll Standard M etrop olita n S ta tistic a l A r e a s in the U nited S ta tes, exclu din g
A lask a and H aw aii.
A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in the a re a w age su rv e y p r o g r a m is the need
to d e s c r ib e the le v e l and m ov em en t o f w ages in a v a r ie ty o f la b o r m a rk e ts,
through the a n a ly s is o f (1) the le v e l and d is trib u tio n o f w ages b y occu p a tion ,
and (2) the m ov em en t o f w ag es b y occu p a tion a l c a te g o r y and sk ill le v e l. The
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p s in fo rm a tio n that m ay be u sed fo r m any p u r p o s e s , including
w age and s a la ry a d m in istra tio n , c o lle c t iv e b a rg a in in g , and a s s is ta n c e in
d eterm in in g plant lo c a tio n . S u rvey r e s u lts a ls o a r e u sed by the U.S. D e p a r t­
m ent o f L a b o r to m ake w age d eterm in a tion s u nder the S e r v ic e C on tra ct A c t
o f 1965.

T a b les A -8 and A -9 p rov id e fo r the fir s t tim e m e a s u r e s o f a v e ra g e
pay rela tion sh ip s w ithin esta b lish m en ts.
T h e s e m e a s u r e s m a y d iffe r c o n ­
s id e ra b ly fr o m the pay rela tion sh ip s o f o v e r a ll a v e r a g e s pu blish ed in ta bles
A - l through A -6 . See appendix A fo r d e ta ils .

A pp en dixes
A ppendix A d e s c r ib e s the m eth od s and c o n c e p ts u sed in the a rea
w age su r v e y p r o g r a m and p r o v id e s in fo rm a tio n on the s c o p e o f the su rv ey .

A - s e r i e s ta b les
or

A ppendix B p ro v id e s jo b d e s c r ip tio n s
p r e se n ta tiv e s to c la s s ify w o rk e r s by o ccu p a tion .

T a b le s A - l th rough A - 6 p r o v id e estim a te s o f str a ig h t-tim e w eek ly
h ou rly ea rn in g s fo r w o r k e r s in occu p a tio n s c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty o f




2

u sed

by

B u reau fie ld

re-

Earnings: All establishments
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers, Washington, D.C.—Md.—
Va., March 1979
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a ig h t -t i m e we e kl y earnings of—
Oc cu p a t i o n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

*
wockea

%

Average
weekly
(standard)

s

105
Mein2

Median2

Middle range 2

$
2 3 3 .5 0
2 4 1 .0 0
2 3 2 .0 0
2 8 1 .5 0

$
$
2 0 4 .0 0 -2 7 5 .0 0
2 1 9 .00 -2 72 .50
2 0 3 .50 -2 75 .00
2 4 4 .00 -3 19 .50

8*306
350
7.956
1.075

3 8.0
39.5
38.0
39.0

$
243.00
248.00
242.50
282.00

S EC R ET A R IE S * CLASS A -----------------------------NONRANUF A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

256
230
37

39.0
39.0
39.5

S EC R ET A R IE S * CLASS B -----------------------------RANUF A C T U R I N 6 ---------------------------------------------NONRANUFACTURING -------------------------------------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

1*087
59
1.028
160

S EC R ET A R IE S * CLASS C -----------------------------RANUFACTURIN6 ---------------------------------------------NONRANUFACTURIN6 -------------------------------------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

s

s

s

S

s

s

s

s

s

s

s

s

s

s

s

s

%

%

120

130

140

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

3 20

340

360

3 80

400

420

440

460

120

130

140

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

4 00

420

440

460

480

1

9
9
-

182
182
5

355
17
338
1

960 1647 1322
44
28
63
932 1603 1259
32
107
111

961
66
895
145

991
59
932
131

598
31
567
171

542
17
525
107

365
12
353
142

128
6
122
47

100
3
97
34

85
3
82
19

19
1
18
9

14
14
13

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
“

2
2
1

15
15
-

37
28
2

39
30
1

18
17
2

20
20
“

19
17
3

10
9
3

24
24
1

49
46
9

11
10
4

11
11
10

_

3

and
under
110

S E C R E T A R IE S ----------------------------------------------------------HANUFACTURIN6 ---------------------------------------------NONRANUF A C T U R I N 6 -------------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

s
110

-

1
-

26
26
-

3 2 1 .5 0 3 1 0 .5 0 2 6 8 . 5 0 - 3 8 6 . 0 0
3 2 5 .5 0 3 27 .5 0 2 7 0 . 0 0 - 3 8 9 . 5 0
3 7 3 . 5 0 3 86 .0 0 3 5 6 . 5 0 - 4 2 3 . 5 0

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

3 8 . 5 2 8 2 . 0 0 2 8 3 .0 0
3 9 . 5 2 8 4 . 5 0 2 9 9 .0 0
3 8 . 5 2 8 2 . 0 0 2 7 8 .0 0
3 9 . 5 3 3 6 . 5 0 3 3 8 .5 0

2 3 6 .0 0 -3 2 6 .0 0
2 3 6 .00 -3 16 .50
2 3 6 .00 -3 26 .00
3 1 8 .5 0 -3 6 1 .0 0

-

_
“

_
~

_
-

-

19
1
18
-

67
4
63
-

66
2
64
1

126
10
116
2

129
2
127
2

132
i
131
10

99
10
89
12

132
14
118
17

167
8
159
46

82
4
78
27

39
3
36
25

18
18
10

8
8
5

3
3

2 .A 7 2
136
2*336
253

38.0 254.50
4 0 . 0 2 5 0 .0 0
3 8 . 0 2 5 5 .0 0
3 9 . 5 2 9 7 .0 0

2 50 .0 0
2 5 0 .0 0
2 5 0 .5 0
2 9 6 .5 0

2 1 8 .50 -2 86 .00
2 2 8 .0 0 -2 7 5 .0 0
2 1 8 .00 -2 88 .00
2 8 0 .50 -3 15 .50

_

_

_

_

13
“

375
16
359
10

363
29
334
19

388
35
353
21

281
20
261
69

244
3
241
71

96
2
94
28

36
1
35
17

-

~

480
19
461
9

18

-

141
11
130
2

36

~

1
1
-

13

-

36
7

18
*

S EC R ET A R IE S * CLASS 0 -----------------------------HANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------NONRANUFACTURIN6 -------------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S ----------->--------------------

2*923
117
2*806
385

38.0
40.0
37.5
39.0

2 25 .5 0
2 29 .0 0
2 25 .5 0
2 71 .0 0

2 0 5 .00 -2 64 .50
2 0 0 .00 -2 40 .00
2 0 5 .0 0 -2 6 6 .0 0
2 5 0 .0 0 -2 9 5 .5 0

-

_
-

-

2
2
-

126
126
5

107
16
91
“

235
13
222
-

803
20
783
7

578
33
545
44

307
23
284
79

354
12
342
77

185

142

83

-

1

-

185
88

142
19

83
65

-

1
1

S EC R ET A R IE S * CLASS E -----------------------------NONRANUFACTURIN6 --------------------------------------

1*290
1*278

38.5 200.00
3 8 . 5 1 9 9 .5 0

1 93 .50 1 8 2 . 5 0 - 2 1 7 . 0 0
1 93 .50 1 8 2 . 5 0 - 2 1 7 . 0 0

_

1
1

23
23

4
4

52
52

183
183

48 4
484

237
234

146
142

89
86

64
62

6
6

1
1

-

_

-

“

-

STENOGRAPHERS -----------------------------------------------------N O N R A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

691
67A
106

3 7 . 0 2 3 4 .5 0
3 7 . 0 2 3 5 .0 0
4 0 .0 289.00

2 41 .0 0 1 9 2 . 0 0 - 2 6 6 . 5 0
2 41 .0 0 1 9 2 . 0 0 - 2 6 6 . 5 0
3 04 .5 0 2 6 9 . 5 0 - 3 2 8 . 0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

72
71
1

73
71
3

46
42
6

73
71
5

75
67
3

140
140
8

61
61
9

40
40
12

76
76
24

26
26
26

3
3
3

6
6
6

STENOGRAPHERS* SENIOR ---------------------------NONRANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

528
528

37.0
37.0

2 3 7 .0 0 2 50 .0 0 1 8 4 . 0 0 - 2 6 6 . 5 0
2 3 7 . 0 0 2 5 0 .0 0 1 8 4 . 0 0 - 2 6 6 . 5 0

-

-

-

-

70
70

61
61

26
26

16
16

37
37

135
135

61
61

37
37

70
70

6
6

3
3

6
6

-

STENOGRAPHERS* GENERAL ------------------------NONRANUFACTURING -------------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

163
1A6
*2

3 8 . 5 2 2 6 . 5 0 2 10 .0 0 2 0 1 . 0 0 - 2 3 5 . 0 0
3 8 . 0 2 2 9 . 0 0 2 10 .0 0 2 0 1 . 5 0 - 2 2 5 . 5 0
3 9 . 5 2 8 6 . 5 0 3 10 .00 2 5 5 . 0 0 - 3 2 8 . 0 0

-

2
1
1

12
10
3

20
16
-

57
55
3

38
30
1

5
5
5

_

6
6
6

20
20
20

_

_

-

-

-

-

3
3
3

_

_

T R A N S C R IB IN 6 - R A C H IN E T Y P I S T S --------------NONRANUFACTURIN6 --------------------------------------

461
436

37.0
37.0

2 1 5 . 5 0 2 1 7 .0 0 1 9 6 . 0 0 - 2 3 7 . 0 0
2 1 5 . 0 0 2 17 .0 0 1 8 0 . 5 0 - 2 3 7 . 0 0

~

39
39

45
45

72
71

101
92

93
85

44
40

35
32

32
32

T Y P I S T S --------------------------------------------------------------------HANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------NONRANUFACTURING -------------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

2*428
256
2 .1 7 2
291

38.5
39.5
38.5
39.0

1 7 9 .5 0 1 78 .0 0 1 5 4 . 0 0 - 2 0 1 . 0 0
1 8 3 .0 0 17 3.00 1 5 2 . 0 0 - 2 1 7 . 5 0
1 7 9 .5 0 1 78 .0 0 1 5 4 . 5 0 - 2 0 1 . 0 0
2 1 0 .5 0 2 11 .0 0 1 9 3 . 5 0 - 2 4 1 . 5 0

594
85
509
11

562
49
513
34

449
21
428
41

393
40
353
84

179
32
147
45

99
14
85
70

12
6
6
6

T Y P I S T S * CLASS A ----------------------------------------HANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------NONRANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

1 .0 1 1
126
885

3 9.0
39.5
39.0

202
23
179

291
19
272

167
6
161

224
32
192

75
30
45

25
13
12

T Y P I S T S * CLASS B ----------------------------------------NONRANUFACTURING -------------------------------------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

1*417
1*287
267

38.0
38.0
39.0

392
330
11

271
241
25

28 2
26 7
35

169
161
84

104
102
44

74
73
68

S e e fo o tn o te s at en d o f ta b le s




233.00
2 2 0 .0 0
2 3 3 .5 0
2 7 6 .0 0

-

-

-

“

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

~

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

73
9
64

60
60

-

-

-

-

1 8 4 .0 0 1 79 .5 0 1 6 3 . 5 0 - 2 0 2 . 0 0
2 0 3 .0 0 2 10 .5 0 1 7 0 . 0 0 - 2 3 0 . 0 0
1 8 1 . 5 0 17 8.00 1 6 3 . 0 0 - 2 0 0 . 5 0

_

_

5

-

-

-

“

1 7 6 .5 0 1 7 3 .5 0 1 5 0 . 0 0 - 1 9 9 . 5 0
1 7 8 .0 0 1 78 .5 0 1 5 0 . 0 0 - 2 0 1 . 0 0
2 1 0 . 5 0 2 11 .0 0 1 9 4 . 0 0 - 2 4 0 . 0 0

_

-

-

10
-

5

10

-

68
59

50
50

-

-

“

-

*

1
1
1
1
1
1

_
“

-

-

-

-

*

“

-

-

_

-

-

-

“

-

_

-

_

-

“

-

-

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

“
_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

“

4

3

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

4

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
3
6

2

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

2
2

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers, Washington, D.C.—Md.—Va., March 1979— Continued
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c ei v in g str a ig h t -t i m e weekly earnings of—
Oc cupation and in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n
woiken

Average
weekly
hour*1
(standard)

Median2

Middle range 2

%

s

S

S

S

*

S

i

S

t

*

*

S

S
*
S '
S
S
460
420
440
380
400

110

120

130

140

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

120

130

140

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

i40

360

380

96
96
~

112
10
102
-

67
11
56
“

271
25
246
29

171
5
166
28

27 5
27 5
1

48
3
45
6

4
4
1

15
4
11
7

7

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

7
7

-

-

-

3
3

“

-

-

-

-

-

26
22

44
42

17
17

3
1

_

7
7

3
3

_

_

-

-

-

-

4
4

105
Mean2

%

S

s

and
under
110

F I L E CLERKS ---------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURINE -------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

1 .0 6 9
58
1 .0 1 1
82

3 7.5
39.5
37.5
39.5

$
$
$
$
1 6 2 . 0 0 1 5 7 .5 0 1 4 0 . 0 0 - 1 9 2 . 5 0
1 5 2 .0 0 1 4 2 .0 0 1 3 4 . 0 0 - 1 4 5 . 0 0
1 6 2 .5 0 1 6 0 .0 0 1 4 0 . 0 0 - 1 9 2 . 5 0
1 8 6 .0 0 1 6 5 .0 0 1 4 3 . 5 0 - 2 0 5 . 0 0

F I L E CLE R KS . CLASS A -----------------------------NONMANUF A C T U R I N E -------------------------------------

106
96

38.0
38.0

182.50
1 8 5 .0 0

1 6 5 .0 0
1 6 6 .5 0

158.00 -1 89 .00
160.50 -1 90 .00

_

_

_

-

-

-

2
-

F I L E C LE R KS . CLASS B -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURINE -------------------------------------

A73
439

38.0
38.0

159.00
1 5 9 .5 0

1 4 9 .0 0
1 51 .0 0

141.50 -1 79 .00
1 42 .00 -1 83 .00

_

25
25

46
37

39
39

157
136

88
88

96
96

12
11

3
3

A90
976

37.0
37.0

1 6 0 .0 0
1 6 0 .5 0

1 5 3 .0 0
1 5 5 .5 0

1 30 .00 -1 92 .50
1 30 .00 -1 92 .50

-

71
71

66
65

26
17

88
88

39
36

162
162

33
33

1
1

*
3

~

-

-

-

"

MESSENGERS -----------------------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

686
682
92

37.5
37.5
38.0

1 7 3 .0 0 1 6 7 .0 0 1 4 5 . 0 0 - 1 9 0 . 5 0
1 7 3 .0 0 1 6 7 .0 0 1 4 5 . 0 0 - 1 9 1 . 0 0
2 1 9 .0 0 2 3 3 .5 0 2 0 3 . 5 0 - 2 4 3 . 0 0

4
4
-

24
24

52
52

78
78
“

125
125
13

157
154
«

85
84
4

81
81
18

8
8
8

48
48
39

18
18
3

6
6
3

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURINE ------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

757
738
44

3 9 . 5 1 5 7 .5 0 1 58 .5 0 1 3 2 . 5 0 - 1 7 3 . 0 0
3 9 . 5 1 5 6 .0 0 1 5 8 .5 0 1 3 0 . 0 0 - 1 7 2 . 0 0
4 0 . 0 2 4 6 . 0 0 2 3 9 .5 0 1 8 1 . 0 0 - 3 0 5 . 0 0

1
1
-

169
169
~

15
14
“

24
20
“

233
233

141
139
2

126
125
13

6
4

15
13
9

_

_

“

“

9
2
2

18
18
18

_
-

_
-

SWITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N IS T S MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUF A C T U R I N E -------------------------------------

723
77
646

3 9. 0 1 6 3 .0 0
3 9 . 5 1 6 9 .5 0
3 8 . 5 1 6 2 .0 0

1 6 0 .0 0
1 6 5 .0 0
1 60 .0 0

124.00 -1 80 .00
124 .00 -2 10 .00
1 25 .00 -1 78 .00

-

116
15
101

96
15
81

16
2
14

95
5
90

209
9
200

38
3
35

70
17
53

64
64

8
7
1

707
59
648

39.0
39.5
3 9.0

1 8 6 .0 0
2 3 5 .5 0
1 8 1 .5 0

1 8 2 .5 0
2 5 9 .0 0
1 8 0 .0 0

165 .00 -2 00 .00
1 9 3 .00 -2 59 .00
165 .00 -1 95 .00

4

2

1

177
9
168

207
8
199

54
1
53

55
35
20

1
1

-

_

1

97
97

5
5

2

28
28

76

4

ORDER CLE R KS . CLASS B --------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

243
201

38.0
37.5

1 9 6 .0 0
1 8 5 .5 0

1 9 0 .0 0
1 8 2 .5 0

163 .00 -2 34 .00
160 .50 -2 02 .00

4
4

2
2

1
1

-

41
41

48
43

40
40

21
20

50
50

35

_

1
-

_

1 9 4 .5 0
2 2 6 .0 0
1 9 2 .0 0
2 3 6 .5 0

1 8 6 .0 0 1 5 3 . 5 0 - 2 2 1 . 5 0
2 3 9 .5 0 1 7 6 . 0 0 - 2 5 9 . 0 0
1 8 5 .0 0 1 5 1 . 5 0 - 2 1 5 . 0 0
2 3 4 .5 0 2 0 1 . 0 0 - 2 6 5 . 0 0

_
-

215
215

“

65
1
64
“

634
24
610
3

450
55
395
17

618
20
598
80

499
18
481
176

213
22
191
44

331
79
252
127

123
20
103
65

91
18
73
50

93
15
78
9

46
5
41
3

_
-

2
2

124

440

460

480

11
4
7

ORDER CLERKS ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

420

7
4

F I L E CLE R KS . CLASS C -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

400

-

-

ACCOUNTING CLERKS -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

3 .6 0 6
281
3.325
613

38.5
39.5
38.5
39.0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

1 .4 1 5
132
1.283
375

3 8 . 5 2 2 8 .0 0 2 2 0 .0 0 1 8 7 . 5 0 - 2 6 2 . 5 0
3 9 . 5 2 4 8 .5 0 2 5 9 .0 0 1 9 0 . 0 0 - 2 7 0 . 0 0
3 8 . 5 2 2 6 .0 0 2 1 7 .0 0 1 8 7 . 5 0 - 2 5 9 . 0 0
3 9 . 0 2 4 7 . 0 0 2 5 5 .0 0 2 0 1 . 0 0 - 2 6 5 . 0 0

-

ACCOUNTING CLERK S. CLASS B --------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G--------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURIN6 ------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

2 .1 9 1
149
2.042
238

3 8 . 5 1 7 3 .5 0 1 6 7 .0 0 1 4 1 . 5 0 - 1 9 6 . 0 0
3 9 . 5 2 0 5 .5 0 2 1 0 .0 0 1 6 1 . 0 0 - 2 4 4 . 0 0
3 8 . 5 1 7 1 .0 0 1 6 6 .5 0 1 4 0 . 0 0 - 1 9 6 . 0 0
3 9 . 5 2 2 0 . 0 0 2 1 1 .0 0 1 8 4 . 5 0 - 2 4 3 . 0 0

_

PAYROLL CLERKS -------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

471
425

1 90 .00 -2 27 .50
188 .00 -2 27 .50

_

38.5
3 8.5

2 1 1 .0 0
207.50

2 0 1 .5 0
2 0 1 .5 0

“
65
1
64
-

213
213
“
2
2

See footnotes at end of tables.




4

170
3
167

76

“

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

29

97
97
“

121
22
99
“

223
12
211
3

223
2
221
129

124
15

235
52
183
86

115
17
98
62

72
8
64
50

91
13
78
9

141
3
138

537
24
513
3

329
33
296
17

395
8
387
77

276
16
260
47

89
22
67
29

96
27
69
41

8
3
5
3

19
10

2
2
-

_

64
64

21
20

83
74

134
130

99

28
21

5
2

3
-

-

90

“
17
9

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
“

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

-

_

-

29
-

9

-

-

-

-

-

-

57
57
39

1
1
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

46
5
41
3

36
36
18

1
1
-

“

-

-

_
~

-

-

21
21
21

-

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

5
4

-

.
“

9
9

-

-

_

1
-

-

“

-

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers, Washington, D.C.—Md.—Va., March 1979— Continued
(standard)
Oc cu p at io n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

Avenge
weekly
hoars1
(standard)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s re c e i v i n g s t r a ig h t -t i m e we ekly earnings of—
*

S
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------NONNANUFACTURING -------------------------------------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

3*413
76
3.337
111

39.0
39.0
39.0
3B.5

$
$
1 7 1 .0 0 1 62 .5 0
2 0 8 .0 0 1 90 .5 0
1 7 0 .0 0 1 6 2 .0 0
2 5 1 .5 0 2 4 3 .0 0

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS* CLASS A ---------NONNANUF AC T U R I N G --------------------------------------

651
638

38.5
3 8.5

2 0 4 .5 0 1 9 9 .5 0
2 0 4 . 0 0 1 9 9 .0 0

173 .00 -2 31 .50
173.00 -2 28 .00

-

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS* CLASS B --------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------NONNANUF A C T U R I N 6 -------------------------------------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

2 .762
63
2*699
99

39.0
3 9.0
3 9.0
38.5

1 6 3 .0 0 1 60 .0 0 1 4 0 . 0 0 - 1 7 3 . 0 0
2 0 2 .5 0 1 87 .5 0 1 6 8 . 5 0 - 2 3 3 . 0 0
1 6 2 .0 0 1 60 .0 0 1 4 0 . 0 0 - 1 7 2 . 0 0
2 4 7 . 5 0 2 4 3 .0 0 2 1 5 . 0 0 - 3 0 2 . 5 0

_
-

s

s

S

S

*

s

s

s

s

s

%

s

%

s

*

130

1A0

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

3 20

3 A0

360

380

A00

A20

AA0

A60

120

130

140

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

4 00

420

440

460

480

-

85

114
114

206
206

962 1009
A
25
984
958
5
“

477
13
464
7

209
6
203
14

151
8
143
20

104
3
101
24

34
9
25
6

28
7
21
11

25
1
24
24

_

7
7

2
2

39
39

134
132

145
143

117
117

84
84

60
59

33
25

21
21

_

-

“

-

85

107

204
204

332
11
321
7

92
6
86
14

67
8
59
20

44
2
42
24

7
7

107

875
23
852
5

1
1

85

923
A
919

25
1
24
24

“

-

See footnotes at end of tables.




s

s

*
120

and
110

$
$
150 .00 -1 81 .00
1 72 .00 -2 45 .50
150 .00 -1 80 .50
225 .50 -2 81 .50

*
110

85

105

5

-

9

-

-

-

-

-

9

-

-

-

-

-

9
9

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers, Washington, D.C.—Md.—
Va., March 1979
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r ec ei v in g st r a ig h t -t i m e we e kl y earnings of-

(standard)
Oc cupation and i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

8
Mean*

Median*

Middle range *

1 .0 2 1
974
140

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ! . CLASS A -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

333
308
36

38.5
38.5
40.0

4 5 2 .5 0 4 4 4 .0 0 4 0 4 . 0 0 - 4 8 4 . 0 0
4 4 5 .0 0 4 4 4 .0 0 4 0 2 . 5 0 - 4 7 0 . 5 0
4 3 7 .0 0 4 3 9 .0 0 4 0 5 . 0 0 - 4 6 0 . 0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ! . CLASS B -----------------------------N0NNANUFACTURIN6 -------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

497
475
81

38.5
38.5
39.0

4 0 2 .5 0 3 9 0 .5 0 3 5 3 . 0 0 - 4 7 0 . 5 0
3 9 8 .0 0 3 8 6 .0 0 3 5 0 . 5 0 - 4 6 1 . 5 0
4 1 6 .0 0 3 9 4 .5 0 3 7 6 . 0 0 - 4 4 8 . 5 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ! . CLASS C -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURINE -------------------------------------

191
191

38.5
38.5

2 8 0 .5 0
2 8 0 .5 0

2 7 7 .5 0
2 7 7 .5 0

2 49 .00 -3 07 .50
2 49 .00 -3 07 .50

COMPUTER PR06RAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ! ------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURINE -------------------------------------

1.003
78
925

38.0
39.5
38.0

3 3 3 .5 0 3 2 6 .5 0
3 6 1 .5 0 3 6 4 .0 0
3 3 1 .0 0 3 2 3 .5 0

2 86 .00 -3 81 .50
3 34 .50 -4 00 .00
2 82 .50 -3 78 .00

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ! .
CLASS A -----------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURINE -------------------------------------

277
228

39.5
39.5

3 8 2 .0 0
3 8 3 .5 0

3 8 4 .0 0
3 8 5 .5 0

521
501

3 8.0
3 8.0

3 2 7 .0 0
3 2 5 .5 0

3 1 6 .0 0 2 8 7 . 0 0 - 3 4 5 . 5 0
3 1 6 .0 0 2 8 7 . 0 0 - 3 4 5 . 5 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ! .
CLASS C -----------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURINE -------------------------------------

199
190

3 7 . 0 2 8 6 .0 0
3 7 . 0 2 8 6 .0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURINE ------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

1 .4 4 9
55
1 .3 9 4
144

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS A -----------NONMANUFACTURINE -------------------------------------

323
310

3 9 . 0 2 7 3 .0 0
3 9 . 0 2 7 2 .0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B -----------NONMANUFACTURINE ------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

579
558
45

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS C -----------NONMANUFACTURINE -------------------------------------

155

165

175

185

205

225

245

265

285

305

325

365

" i
S
1
i
1
*05
5*5
445
485
525
405

145

155

165

175

185

205

225

245

^65

285

305

325

365

M5

445

485

5 25

-

10
10

16
16

17
17

50
50

56
56

34
34
5

34
34
8

126
125
21

201
201
44

164
156
25

166
165
21

59
50
4

8
8
“

76
76
9

86
85
11

80
80
13

78
71
14

86
85
8

%

S

3 53 .50 -4 12 .00
3 51 .50 -4 22 .00

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ! .
CLASS B -----------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURINE -------------------------------------

145

%

PERIPHERAL EQUIPMENT OPERATORS --------NONMANUFACTURINE -------------------------------------

$
$
$
3 8. 5 3 9 6 . 0 0 1 9 3 .0 0 3 4 0 . 5 0 - 4 6 1 . 0 0
3 8 . 5 3 9 0 .0 0 3 8 6 . 5 0 3 3 8 . 5 0 - 4 5 1 . 0 0
3 9 . 0 4 0 8 .0 0 3 9 9 .0 0 3 6 9 . 5 0 - 4 4 8 . 5 0

38.5
38.5
38.5
3 8.5

2 7 6 .5 0
2 7 6 .5 0

221.00 -3 23 .50
2 21 .00 -3 23 .50

2 3 8 .5 0 2 3 5 .5 0
2 8 7 .5 0 2 8 5 .0 0
2 3 6 .5 0 2 3 5 .0 0
2 7 3 .5 0 2 5 5 .0 0

191.00 -2 60 .00
254 .50 -3 09 .50
190.00 -2 60 .00
255 .00 -2 95 .50

-

S

S

s

”

“

“

“

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

S

*

_
-

-

_

~

_

-

_

_
_
-

2
2

~

“

_

_

_

_

_

S

_

10
10

19
19

10
10
1

. 24
24
4

95
94
10

109
109
31

60
43
11

19
11
1

9
*
*

36
30
3

22
13

17
10

8
6

23
20
1

38
30
11

2
1
1

1
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

~

-

147
20
127

81
15
66

68
1
67

14
2
12

-

-

_
-

72
53

89
70

47
37

34
34

3
3

15
15

40
40

37
37

24
24

10
10

23
23

16
16

6
6

69
1
68

22
3
19

44
2
42

107
3
104

100
2
98

135
1
134

208
28
180

1
1

30
30

1
~

_

*45

-

16
16

“

585 — *05

-

10
10

“

_

“

_

*

_
“

_

“

_

_

_

“
“

3
3
-

16
16
~

68
68
3

18
18

8
8

34
32

67
64

48
47

109
109

125
120

53
52

28
23

20
19

11
9

6
6

47
46

14
11

10
10

39
39

22
21

25
25

11
7

5
5

6
6

14
14

-

-

-

-

_

_

42
~
42
2

230
6
224
6

114
1
113
3

203
5
198
11

339
8
331
68

74
7
67
10

78
13
65
6

53
5
48
6

62
2
60
8

40
2
38
20

15
6
9

-

-

-

_
-

-

_

2
2

12
12

34
34

38
38

81
81

36
33

54
48

19
17

34
32

13
13

.

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

28
28
5

27
25
16

9
9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

_

-

-

-

_

-

“

“

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

“

38.5
38.5
40.0

2 4 3 .0 0 2 3 0 .0 0 1 9 7 . 0 0 - 2 6 4 . 5 0
2 4 1 .5 0 2 2 9 .0 0 1 9 7 . 0 0 - 2 6 3 . 5 0
3 2 2 .0 0 3 1 9 .5 0 2 7 9 . 5 0 - 3 7 1 . 0 0

-

_
-

3
3

11
11
-

50
50
“

8
8

100
98

66
66

104
99

93
90
5

30
29
10

18
12
3

32
30
6

547
526

37.5
3 7.5

2 1 3 .5 0
2 1 0 .5 0

1 9 9 .5 0
1 9 9 .5 0

1 75 .50 -2 54 .50
173 .00 -2 49 .00

-

-

3
3

13
13

57
57

62
62

32
32

118
114

14
13

61
61

165
160

8
5

6
5

2
1

77
77

3 9.0
39.0

1 8 1 .5 0
1 8 1 .5 0

1 6 6 .0 0
1 6 6 .0 0

1 60 .00 -1 86 .50
1 60 .00 -1 86 .50

1
1

-

15
15

18
18

23
23

-

12
12

_

-

4
4

-

_

6

”

112
112
1

2 37 .50 -2 99 .00
237 .50 -2 98 .50

2 6 4 .0 0
2 6 2 .5 0

r

*

$

2
2

-

“

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




S

and
135

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S I N E S S ! ---------------------------------------------------------NONNA NUF A C T U R I N E -------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

i

135

*
125

1
1

1
1

2
2

-

-

Table A -2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers, Washington, D.C.—Md.—Va., March 1979— Continued
W
eekly earnings *
(standard)
Awage
weekly

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c ei v in g s t r a ig h t -t i m e we e kl y earnings of—
ft

S

of
wodken

*

$

s

$

A

S

*

%

$

*

%

$

s

*

s

$

s

S

$

(standard)

135

145

155

165

175

185

205

225

245

265

285

305

325

365

405

445

485

525

565

605

135

O c c u p a t i o n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

145

155

165

175

185

205

225

245

265

285

305

325

365

405

445

485

525

565

605

645

“

-

2
2

-

1
1

-

10
10

23
23

31
31

4
4

5
4

2
2

21
13
8
1

9

30
6
24
2

78
29
49
i

73
17
56
7

70
30
40
3

90
28
62
16

89
36
53
20

78
32
46
16

42
20
22
~

48
23
25
16

33
19
14
8

25
8
17
15

8
8

_

_

_

-

-

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

_
-

2
2

2
2
-

21
9
12

17
10
7

15
10
5

38
17
21

31
23
8

30
19
11

25
8
17

8
8
-

_
-

_
-

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

4
4
-

-

38
8
30

66
28
38
3

40
10
30
-

56
26
30
4

48
22
26
1

4
3
1
-

17

3

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

30
8
22
-

17
15

3
3

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
-

27
9
18
14

1

15

1
1

15
15

_

30
30

_

_

_

"

~

-

-

30
30

_

_

_

125
Mean2

Median2

Middle range *

COMPUTER ,-OATA L I B R A R IA N S ------------------------NONNANUF A C T U R I N 6 --------------------------------------

78
77

DRAFTERS ------------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------NONNANUFACTURING -------------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

736
269
A67
ioa

40.0 258.50
4 0 .0 274.00
4 0 . 0 2 4 9 .5 0
39.5 305.50

2 5 3 .5 0
2 7 0 .0 0
2 5 0 .0 0
2 8 6 .5 0

2 05 .0 0 -2 9 4 .5 0
2 28 .50 -3 16 .00
2 00 .0 0 -2 9 0 .0 0
2 64 .5 0 -3 6 2 .5 0

20
20
*

-

22
22

DRAFTERS* CLASS A -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------NONNANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

189
106
S3

4 0 .0 334.50
4 0 . 0 3 3 4 .0 0
4 0 . 0 3 3 5 .0 0

3 24 .0 0 2 8 8 . 0 0 - 3 8 0 . 0 0
3 3 4 .0 0 2 8 8 . 0 0 - 3 6 7 . 0 0
3 20 .0 0 2 8 3 . 5 0 - 4 0 0 . 0 0

_
-

-

-

ORAFTERS* CLASS B -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

310
105
205
26

4 0.0
40.0
4 0.0
39.0

2 5 4 .5 0 2 5 0 .0 0
2 5 5 .5 0 2 53 .5 0
2 5 4 .0 0 2 5 0 .0 0
3 3 0 . 5 0 3 53 .0 0

-

-

-

-

4
4
-

DRAFTERS* CLASS C -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------NONNANUF A C T U R I N 6 -------------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

166
58
108
34

40.0
4 0.0
4 0.0
39.5

2 1 0 .0 0 2 00 .0 0 1 8 0 . 0 0 - 2 4 6 . 0 0
1 9 6 .5 0 2 00 .0 0 1 7 9 . 5 0 - 2 0 6 . 5 0
2 1 7 .0 0 2 05 .0 0 1 8 2 . 5 0 - 2 6 1 . 0 0
2 6 9 .5 0 2 6 4 .5 0 2 6 1 . 0 0 - 2 9 4 . 5 0

6
6
-

-

-

13
13
-

1
1
“

27
6
21
-

46
21
25
1

28
9
19
3

D R A FT ER -T R A C ER S ------------------------------------------NONNANUFACTURIN6 --------------------------------------

71
71

4 0.0
40.0

1 8 5 .0 0
1 8 5 .0 0

14
14

-

22
22

4
4

4
4

3
3

2
2

5
5

-

-

-

2
2

15
15

EL E C TR O N IC S T E C H N I C I A N S ---------------------------NONNANUFACTURIN6 --------------------------------------

1*054
843

4 0.0
40.0

3 2 6 .0 0 3 36 .0 0 2 7 1 . 5 0 3 8 3 . 0 0
3 4 0 .5 0 37 4 .0 0 2 9 6 . 0 0 - 3 8 3 . 0 0

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
-

13
4

11
2

14
3

71
51

104
76

79
36

123
91

81
47

107
92

407
406

5
5

E L E C TR O N IC S T E C H N I C IA N S * CLASS A NONNANUFACTURIN6 --------------------------------------

486
325

4 0.0
40.0

3 3 8 .0 0 3 36 .0 0 2 9 3 . 0 0 - 3 7 4 . 0 0
3 6 3 .5 0 37 4.00 3 3 6 . 0 0 - 3 7 4 . 0 0

_

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
2

53
25

43
2

35
3

63
31

68
53

175
174

5
5

_

-

1
-

-

-

-

E L E C TR O N IC S T E C H N I C IA N S * CLASS B NONNANUF A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

492
469
53

4 0.0
4 0.0
40.0

3 2 9 .0 0 3 51 .5 0 2 6 9 . 0 0 - 3 8 3 . 0 0
3 3 3 .5 0 3 56 .50 2 8 8 . 0 0 - 3 8 3 . 0 0
3 2 7 . 0 0 3 47 .00 3 2 1 . 5 0 - 3 5 1 . 5 0

-

-

-

_
-

2
2
-

40
40
4

14
12
4

39
39
39

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

76
76
-

232
2 32

-

43
34
6

36
34

-

-

10
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

E L E C TR O N IC S T E C H N I C IA N S * CLASS C -

62

o
«r

$
$
$
$
2 2 3 . 5 0 2 2 8 .5 0 2 1 1 . 0 0 - 2 3 2 . 5 0
2 2 3 .0 0 2 2 6 .0 0 2 1 1 . 0 0 - 2 3 2 . 5 0

and
un der

2 1 3 .5 0

1 7 9 .00 -2 38 .00

-

-

3

15

9

-

4

2 3 8 .00 -3 27 .00
2 3 0 .50 -3 28 .00

-

_

12
12

3
3

2
2

5
4

8
6

13
12

4
3

_

_

_

_

58
50

O

R E6 IS TE R ED IN D U S T R I A L NURSES --------------NONNANUFACTURIN6 --------------------------------------

38.0
38.0

3 7 . 5 2 9 0 .0 0
37.0 286.00

1 50 .00
1 50 .00

210 .50
2 97 .50
2 94 .50

2 2 6 .50 -2 80 .00
2 32 .0 0 -2 7 3 .5 0
2 2 0 .00 -2 80 .00
2 8 5 .50 -3 62 .50

1 5 0 .00 -2 11 .00
1 5 0 .00 -2 11 .00

-

.

-

-

-

9

13

9

-

-

-

_

-

See footnotes at end of tables.




9
3

7

ii

8

-

_

-

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex.
Washington, D.C.—Md.—Va., March 1979
Avenee
(mean*)
Oc cupation, s e x , 3 and ind us try d iv is io n

Number
of
woiken
(standard

OF FI CE

OCCUPATIONS -

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

NEN

NESSENGERS ---------------------------------------------NONNANUFACTURING ----------------------P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S ------------------

556
552
31

$
3 7 . 5 1 7 1 .5 0
3 7 . 5 1 7 1 .5 0
3 8 . 0 2 1 2 .5 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS ---------------------------NONNANUFACTURING ----------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------

5 37
509
50

3 8 . 0 2 0 9 .0 0
3 8 . 0 2 0 5 .0 0
3 9 .0 273.00

ACCOUNTING CLERKS* CLASS a :
NONNANUFACTURING:
PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------ACCOUNTING CLERKS* CLASS B ■
NONNANUFACTURING -----------------------

O FF I C E OCCUPATIONS -

39

38.5

3 0 2 .5 0

305
288

38.5
3 8.5

1 8 2 .0 0
1 7 7 .5 0

UONEN

SE CRETARIES ------------------------NANUFACTURING -----------NONNANUFACTURING —
PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S

8.215
350
7 .8 6 5
1*062

SE CRETARIES* CLASS A
NONNANUFACTURING —
PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S

256
230
37

3 8 . 0 2 * 3 .0 0
3 9 . 5 2 * 8 .0 0
3 8 . 0 2 * 3 .0 0
39.0 281.50
3 9.0
3 9.0
39.5

3 2 1 .5 0
3 2 5 .5 0
3 7 3 .5 0

SE CR ETARIES* CLASS B
NANUFACTURING ------------NONNANUFACTURING —
PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S ■

1*086
59
1*027
160

3 8.5
39.5
38.5
39.5

SECRET ARIE S* CLASS C
NANUFACTURING ------------NONNANUFACTURING —
P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S •

2**53
136
2 .3 1 7
2*3

3 8 . 0 2 5 * .5 0
* 0 . 0 2 5 0 .0 0
3 8 . 0 2 5 4 .5 0
39.5 295.50

SE CR ETARIES* CLASS D
NANUFACTURIN6 ------------NONNANUFACTURING —
P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S -

2 .9 1 3
117
2*796
38*

3 8 . 0 2 3 3 .0 0
* 0 . 0 2 2 0 .0 0
3 7 . 5 2 3 3 .5 0
3 9 . 0 2 7 6 .0 0

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS E
NONNANUF ACTURING —

1 .2 8 3
1*271

38.5
38.5

200.00
1 9 9 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS --------------------NONNANUFACTURING -----PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S -

690
673
106

3 7.0
37.0
* 0.0

23*.50
2 3 5 .5 0
2 8 9 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS* SENIOR --------------------------NONNANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

528
528

37.0
3 7.0

2 3 7 .0 0
2 3 7 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS* GENERAL -----------------------NONNANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

162
1*5
42

38.0
38.0
3 9.5

2 2 7 .0 0
2 2 9 .5 0
2 8 6 .5 0

2 8 2 .0 0
2 8 4 .5 0
2 8 1 .5 0
3 3 6 .5 0

Avenue
(mean*)
Occu pa tion , sex, 3 and i nd us tr y d ivi si on

Weekly
W
eekly
earnings1
hours
(standard) (standard)

Avene*
(mesa")
Number
Occupation, s e x . 3 and i n d u s tr y d iv i si o n

at
W tiC Tf
O B

Weekly
eeniaf*1
(rtudard) (•tenderd)

O FF I C E OCCUPATIONS UONEN— CONTINUED

OF FI CE OCCUPATIONS UONEN— CONTINUED

ACCOUNTING CLERKS - CON TINUED
ACCOUNTING CLERKS* CLASS A --------------NANUFACTURIN6 --------------------------------------------NONNANUFACTURING -------------------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

1*119
115
1*004
3*1

3 8 .5 126.00
3 9 .5 2*3.00
3 8 .5 224.00
3 9 .0 2*1.50

ACCOUNTING CLERKS* CLASS B --------------NANUF A C T U R I N 6 --------------------------------------------NONNANUFACTURING -------------------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

1.850
116
1.73*
222

3 8 .5 171.00
3 9 .5 192.50
3 8 .5 169.50
3 9 .5 221.00

BOOKKEEPING-NACHINE
OPERATORS --------NONNANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

268
268

3 7 .0 2 *0.00
3 7 .0 2*0.00

PAYROLL CLERKS --------------------------------------------------NONNANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

*29
398

3 8 .5 204.00
3 8 .5 202.00

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS -------------------------------------NANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONNANUFACTURING -------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

3*168
68
3*100
93

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS* CLASS A --------NONNANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

633
620

3 8 .5 204.50
3 8 .5 204.00

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS* CLASS B --------NANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONNANUFACTURING -------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

2.535
55
2.480
76

3 9 .0 163.00
3 8 .5 198.00
3 9 .0 162.00
3 8 .5 2*0.50

COHPUTER SYSTEHS ANALYSTS
(BUSINESS* ---------------------------------------------------------NONNANUFACTURING -------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

710
671
98

3 8 .5 *15.00
3 8 .5 *08.00
3 9 .5 *06.00

COHPUTER SYS TEN S ANALYSTS
(B U S I N E S S * • CLASS A -----------------------------NONNANUFACTURING -------------------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

263
238
28

3 9 .0 *62.50
3 9 .0 *53.50
3 9 .5 437.00

1 9 3 .0 0
1 7 8 .5 0

COHPUTER S YS TEN S ANALYSTS
(B U S I N E S S ) * CLASS B -----------------------------NONNANUFACTURIN6 -------------------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

35*
3*0
52

3 8 .5 413.00
3 8 .5 409.00
3 9 .0 *11.50

1 9 2 .0 0
217.50
1 8 9 .5 0
233.50

COHPUTER SYS TEN S ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S * . CLASS C -----------------------------NONNANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

93
93

3 9 .0 289.00
3 9 .0 2 89.00

COHPUTER PR06RAHHERS ( B U S I N E S S ) ------NANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONNANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

657
52
605

T R AN S CR IB IN 6- HA CH IN E T Y P I S T S -------------NONNANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

362
338

3 6 . 5 2 0 7 .0 0
3 6 . 5 2 0 5 .5 0

T Y P I S T S -------------------------------------------------------------------NANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONNANUF A C T U R I N 6 ------------------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

2*399
251
2 .1 4 8
282

3 8 . 5 1 7 9 .5 0
3 9 . 5 1 8 2 .5 0
3 8 . 5 1 7 9 .0 0
3 9 . 0 2 1 1 .0 0

T Y P I S T S . CLASS A ---------------------------------------NANUFACTURIN6 --------------------------------------------NONNANUFACTURIN6 -------------------------------------

1*001
123
878

3 9 . 0 1 8 4 .0 0
3 9 . 5 2 0 3 .0 0
3 9 . 0 1 8 1 .0 0

T Y P I S T S . CLASS B ---------------------------------------NONNANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

1 .3 9 8
1*270
258

3 8 . 0 1 7 6 .5 0
3 8 . 0 1 7 8 .0 0
3 9 . 0 2 1 1 .5 0

F I L E CLERKS ---------------------------------------------------------NANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONNANUFACTURIN6 ------------------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

1*020
58
962
68

3 7 . 5 1 5 9 .5 0
3 9 .5 1 5 2 .0 0
3 7 .5 1 6 0 .0 0
3 9 . 5 1 7 5 .0 0

F I L E CLE R KS . CLASS A -----------------------------NONNANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

100
90

3 8 . 0 1 7 4 .5 0
3 7 . 5 1 7 6 .0 0

F I L E CLERKS* CLASS B -----------------------------NONNANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

*51
*17

3 8 .0
38.0

1 5 7 .5 0
1 5 8 .0 0

F I L E CLERKS* CLASS C -----------------------------NONNANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

*69
*55

37.0
37.0

1 5 8 .5 0
1 5 9 .0 0

NESSEN6ERS -----------------------------------------------------------NONNANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

130
130

3 8 . 0 1 7 9 .0 0
3 8 . 0 1 7 9 .0 0

SUITCHBOARD OPERATORS -------------------------------NONNANUFACTURING ------------------------------------P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

728
711
**

3 9 . 0 1 5 7 .0 0
3 9 . 5 1 5 6 .0 0
* 0 .0 - 2 * 6 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N IS T S NANUF A C T U R I N 6 ------------------------------------- --—
NONNANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

723
77
6*6

3 9 . 0 1 6 3 .0 0
3 9 . 5 1 6 9 .5 0
3 8 . 5 1 6 2 .0 0

ORDER CLERKS ------------------------------------------------------NONNANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

378
323

38.5
38.0

1 9 3 .0 0
1 8 5 .0 0

ORDER CLERKS* CLASS A --------------------------NONNANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

178
165

39.5
39.5

1 9 3 .0 0
1 9 1 .5 0

ORDER CLERKS* CLASS B --------------------------NONNANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

200
158

3 7 .5
37.0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS -----------------------------------------NANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONNANUFACTURIN6 ------------------------------------PU B LI C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

2 .9 6 9
231
2*738
563

38.5
39.5
38.5
39.0

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




Number
of
w
ockers

8

39.0
3 9 .0
3 9.0
38.5

171.50
205.00
170.50
2*7.00

PROFESSIONAL AND TE CH NI CA L
OCCUPATIONS - NEN

3 8 .5
3 9.0
3 8.5

3 *5.00
359.00
3*4.00

Table A -3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
Washington, D.C.—M d.—
Va., March 1979— Continued
Aveiaae
(mean*)
O c cu p at io n , s e x , 3 and i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

Number
of
woikers
(standard)

PRO FESSION AL
OCC UPATIONS -

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

AND T E C H N I C A L
HEN— CONTINUED

Occu pa ti on , s e x , 3 and i nd us tr y d iv is io n

Weekly
Weekly
hour*1
earnings1
(standard) (standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TEC HNI CAL
OCCUPATIONS - HEN— CONTINUED
DRAFTERS -

COHPUTERPROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) CONTINUED.

2*5
87
158
25

$
* 0 .0 262.50
* 0 .0 262.50
* 0 .0 262.00
3 9 .0 332.50

208
181

39.5
39.5

$
383.00
3 8 4 .0 0

COHPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) *
CLASS B -----------------------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

3*5
327

3 8.0
38.0

3 3 9 .0 0
3 3 8 .0 0

ORAFTERS* CLASS C -------------------------------------NON MA NU FAC TUR IN G--------------------------- --------P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

11*
66
3*

* 0 .0
39.5
39.5

218.00
2 3 3 .0 0
269.50

3 8 . 0 2 9 1 .5 0
3 8 . 0 2 9 1 .5 0

ELE CT RO NI CS T E C H N I C IA N S --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------P UB LI C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

979
769
268

* 0 .0
* 0 .0
39.5

EL EC TR ON ICS T E C H N I C I A N S . CLASS A NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

***
28*

EL EC TR ON ICS T E C H N I C I A N S . CLASS B NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

operators:
NONHANUF A C T U R I N 6 :
P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S

com puter

-------------------------------

79

COHPUTER OPERATORS* CLASS B :
NONHANUFACTURING:
P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

*1

COHPUTER OPERATORS* CLASS C ---------NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

361
351

39.0

*0.0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) - CONTINUED
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS B -----------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

1*3
135
29

$
3 8 . 5 3 7 6 .5 0
3 8 . 5 3 7 0 .5 0
38.0 *23.50

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS C -----------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

98
98

3 8. 0 2 7 2 .5 0
3 8. 0 2 7 2 .5 0

327.00
3 * 3 .0 0
373.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) ------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

3*6
320

3 7 . 5 3 1 1 .5 0
3 7 . 5 3 0 7 .0 0

40.0
39.5

337.50
366.50

COHPUTER PROGRAHHERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS A ------------------------------------------------------------

69

*67
*4*
50

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
< 0 .0

331.00
3 3 6 .0 0
332.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS B -----------------------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

176
17*

3 8 . 0 3 0 3 .5 0
3 8 . 0 3 0 2 .5 0

5*

4 0 .0

210.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS C -----------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

99
97

36.0 281.00
3 6 . 0 2 8 1 .0 0

COMPUTER DATA LIBR AR IA NS -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

73
72

38.0
38.0

223.50
2 2 2 .5 0

DRAFTERS -----------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

159
128

*0.0
*0.0

2 1 6 .5 0
2 1 6 .5 0

*
o
o

COMPUTER PROGRAHHERS <B U S I N E S S ) «
CLASS A -----------------------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

B -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

100
93

2 2 4 .5 0
1 9 2 .0 0

39.5

3 7 8 .5 0

2 8 8 .5 0

3 2 6 .0 0
EL EC TR ON ICS T E CH NI CI AN S*

CLASS C -

3 7 . 0 2 1 5 .0 0
3 7 . 0 2 1 1 .0 0

DRAFTERS ---------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ----------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

573
238
335
103

< 0 . 0 2 7 0 .0 0
* 0 . 0 2 8 1 .5 0
* 0 . 0 2 6 2 .0 0
3 9 . 5 3 0 7 .0 0

DRAFTERS* CLASS A -----------------------------------HANUFACTURIN6 ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

165
103
62

* 0 . 0 3 3 9 .5 0
< 0 . 0 3 3 7 .0 0
4 0 . 0 3 * 4 .5 0

PROFESSIONAL AND TE CHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN
COHPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S I N E S S ) ---------------------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

311
303
*2

COHPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS A -----------------------------N O N H AN U FA CT U RI NG -------------------------------------

70
70

3 8 . 0 3 5 2 .5 0
3 8 . 0 3 * 9 .0 0
3 8 .5 *12.50

ORAFT ERS .

See footnotes at end of tables.

9

3 8.0
3 8.0

*15.50
*15.50

CLASS B -------------------------------------

63

ORAFT ERS .

CLASS C --------------------------------------

50

REGISTERED IN D U S TR I A L NURSES -------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------




Weekly
W
eekly
earnings1
houis
standard) (standard)

PROFESSIONAL ANO TE CHNI CAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN— CONTINUED

CONTINUED
class

O ccu p a tio n , s e x . 3 and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
woiken

o
o

drafters,

COMPUTER PROGRAHHERS ( B U S I N E S S ) •
CLASS C -----------------------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

Average
(mean2)

Averaae
(mean2)
Number
of
woiken

58
50

3 7 . 5 2 9 0 .0 0
3 7 . 0 2 8 6 .0 0

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers, Washington, D.C.—M d.—Va., March 1979
Hourly earnings 4
Occupation and i nd us tr y d iv is io n

Numbai
of
w
orkers

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s re c e i v i n g s t r a ig h t -t i m e ho u r ly earnings of—
X
s
s
1
S
*
*
*
3 . 8 0 4 . 0 0 4 . 2 0 4 . 4 0 4 . 6 0 5 . 0 0 5 . 40 5 . 8 0 6 . 20 6 . 6 0 7 .00 7. 40 7 . 8 0

s

Mean 2 Median2

Middle range 2

82
73

$
9 .19
9 .35

$
10 . *5
10.45

$
$
7 .5 5 - 10.45
7 .5 5 - 10.45

MAINTENANCE E L E C T R I C I A N S -------------------------

68

9 .81

10 . 58

8 .6 3 - 10.6 9

MAINTENANCE P AIN TER S ----------------------------------NONMANOF A C T U R I N B -------------------------------------

173
169

7 .45
7 .* 2

7 . 50
7 . *5

MAINTENANCE MA CH IN IS TS -----------------------------NONHANUF A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------

126
51

9 .66
9 .12

1 0 .0 0
8.91

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MA CH IN ERY ) MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

271
1*4

8 .38
7 .89

8.76
7.39

5 .0 0 5 .0 0 -

9 .05
9.05

-

3
3

-

-

“

_

2
2

4
4

“

8
6

8
8
4

I

9 .8 0 1 0 .2 0 1 0 .6 0 1 1 .0 0 1 1 . 4 0 1 1 . 8 0

8.60

9 .8 0 1 0 .2 0 1 0 .4 0 1 1 ,.0 0 1 1 .4 0 1 1 .8 0 1 2 .2 0

1

4
4

2
2

-

8
7

-

”

9
9
“

30
30

20
20

ii
i
10
*

4
4

20

9
9

2
“

16
16

-

6.60

2
2

-

5.40

5 . 80 6 . 2 0

6

4 . 4 0 4 . 6 0 .5 .0 0

12
12

33
33

1
1

8 .5 5 - 10.97
8 .3 1 - 10.00
7 .3 9 6 .8 9 -

<
9 .4 0

s --------- T ----------T ----------1-------

I

and
under
*.QQ_

MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS -----------------------------NONHANUF A C T U R I N 6 --------------------------------------

1
■J
i'
8.20 8.60 9 .0 0

9 . 11
9.62

_

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR V E H IC L E S ) -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURINE -------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

3*6
132
21*
169

8 .46
7 .75
8 .90
8.91

8.73
8 . 11
8.88
8 . 88

7 .8 8 7 .1 2 8 .7 3 8 .7 3 -

9.31
8 .52
9.47
9 .43

*07
365

8 .*6
8 .55

8 . 50
8 . 50

7 .0 0 7 .4 4 -

9.39
9 .39

_

_
-

ST ATIONARY ENGINEERS ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

-

_

1
1

-

-

-

_

2
2

-

-

_
-

4
4

-

“

“

“

1
1

_

1
1

2
2

7
7
“
6
6

_

7.00 7.40

7, 89 8 . 2 0

9 ,09 9 .4 0

1
“

3
3

-

6
3

47
46

-

1

-

1

-

-

4

7

1

-

14

23

6

2

4
1

29
29

1
1

_

“

13
13

4
4

33
33

1
1

-

-

”

4
“

26
20

16
4

10
-

2

_

27
-

30
30

25
25

1
“

2
2

59

67

1
1

21
15
6
3

14
12
2
2

11
10
1
1

37
20
17
16

51
47
4
1

87
14
73
66

27
27
27

3
3

61
61

17
17

29
29

65
64

54
37

41
41

25
25
_

-

35
35

34

3

34
9

3
3

16
12

28
28

15
15

_

_

-

-

-

1
1

6
6

_
-

-

-

1

36
36

-

1
1

36

14

.

2
2

6
6

-

2
2

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers, Washington, D.C.—
Md.—
Va., March 1979
Hourly earnings 4

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r ec ei v in g s t r a ig h t -t i m e ho u r ly earnings of—
"5------------ 5------- 1---------- s----------- i ----------5----------S--------- s---------- *---------- 5---------- i ---------- i ---------- i ---------- *-----------5---------- 5-----------5---------- i -----------i ---------- S---------- *-----------t ---------- 3-------2.90 3.10 3.30 3.50 3.70 3.90 * .1 0
*.30 4.70 5.10 5.50 5.90 6 .3 0 6.70 7 .1 0 7 .5 0 7 .9 0 8 .3 0 8.70 9 .1 0 9 .5 0 9 .9 0 1 0 .3 0

Occupation and ind us try div is io n
M ed ian 2

and
under
3.10

$

$
TRUCKDRIVERS ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONHANUFACTURINE -------------------

3 .4 * 6

TRUCKORIVERS. L I G H T TRUCK
NONMANUFACTURING ------------------TRUCKDRIVERS. MEDIUM TRUCK
NONMANUFACTURING ------------------TRUCKORIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK
MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------

*.132

3.30

_

_

3.50

_

3.70

_

_

7.07

5 .50 8 .0 5 5 .2 0 -

»«70

5.10 5.50

9 .38
8 .95
9 .38

*76
*70

5.57
5.56

5 . 78
5.78

4 .7 5 4 .7 5 -

6.56
6.52

9*3
899

7.05
7 .06

5.76
5.76

5 .7 6 5 .7 6 -

9 . 38
9.38

1 .3 7 0
525
8*5

7.25
8.*9
6.47

8 . 25
8. 25
5. 20

5 .2 0 8 .2 5 5 .2 0 -

8.95
8.95
9.38

. *

8 2

5.90 6 .30 6.7Q 1^10

7.50 7 .9 0

50
5
*5

67
13
5*

323
3
320

_
-

33
33

_
-

_

_

-

- 4
_

-

30
30

87
87

6

3

3

121

6

3

3

121

_
- 4

10

552
2*
528

113
113

33*
53
281

13
13

41
*1

93
93

8 .3 0

112
106

-

28
28

See fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




and

3 .90 * .10 *.30

8.70

9.10

9 . 5 0 9 . 9 0 1 0 . 3 0 ov e r

$

7 . 10
8 . 25
6 . 52

686

7 .26

_

*62
*62

-

105
70

11
10

19
19

8*
76

294
3
291

23

10

-

-

23

10

48
8
40

34
*
30

37
4
33

25
4
21

123
23
100

281
271
10

316
29*
22

639

128

437

639

128

*37

22
22
257
257
-

2*5
2*5
-

226
226
22*
22*

Table A -5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers, Washington, D.C.—
M d.—
Va., March 1979— Continued
Hourly earnings 4

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e ce iving s t r a ig h t -t i m e h o u r ly ear nin gs of—
3.50

i
3.70

Mean 2 Median^

Middle range 2

3.30

3.50

3.7 0

3.90 4.10

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

1
1

1
1

45
28

8
8

3
3

120
120

s
4.70

A

*
5.50

*
5.90

*
6.30

s
s
*
%
s
6 •70 7 . 1 0 7 . 5 0 7 . 90 8 . 3 0

A

5.10

4.30 4 .70

5 .10

5.50

5.90

6.30

6.70

7 - 10 7 . 5 0 7*90 8 , JS L 8 . 7 0

? . 19 9*50 _9.90JLQ.30 ov e r

16

10

26
24
2

9
9

69
4
65

5
5

11
9
2

14
11
3

18
14
4

38
38

49
49
-

39
39

120
120

_

120
120

_

-c

_
-

-

-

-

*

-

-

_

_

-

_

-

-

“

“

“

-

_

-

-

29
29

-

-

20
20

-

“

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

243
243

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
“

■-

-

”

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

S
4.30

8

A

3.10

ffRUCKDRIVERS -

A

3.30

2.90

Occu p at io n and i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n
workers

A
3.10

A

Number

A

A

3.90 4 .1 0

s
9.10 9.50

s

8 .7 0

i
9 . 9 0 1 0 . 30
A

and
under

CONTINUED
863
111
752

$
9.08
7 .75
9 .27

$
9.57
8.05
10. 06

$
$
8 .6 3 -1 0 .2 0
6 .9 0 - 8.95
9 .4 8 -1 0 .2 0

SHIPPERS ----------------------------------NONNANUFACTURING ------

245
22A

5.73
5.92

6 .66
7.50

3 .7 5 - 7.50
3 . 7 5 - 7.50

REC EI V ER S -----------------------NONNANUFACTURING

571
5A2

6 .22
6.30

7 . 10
7.50

4 .7 5- 7.50
4 .9 0 - 7.50

575
527

4.72
4.58

3.75
3.75

3 .5 0 - 4.88
3 .5 0 - 4 .69

WAREHOUSEMEN -----------------------------NONNANUFACTURING ----------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S ------

1*287
1*189
56

5.70
5.81
7.16

5.00
5 . 20
7.07

4 .2 5 - 7.17
4 . 3 0 - 8. 10
6 . 2 3 - 8 .1 0

-

ORDER F I L L E R S -------------NONNANUFACTURING

1 .5 4 7
1 .3 6 1

7.28
7.28

7 . 50
7.50

6 .4 3 6 .1 5 -

9.22
9.22

_

S H IP P IN G PACKERS -----NONNANUFACTURING

911
908

5.33
5 .32

3.95
3.95

3 .1 3 - 7.50
3 . 1 3 - 7. 50

MATE RIA L HANDLING LABORERS -------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONNANUFACTURING --------------------------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

1.455
293
1*162
245

5.33
5.84
5.21
6.85

5. 23
5.47
4 .6 1
5.88

F O R K L I F T OPERATORS ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONNANUFACTURING ---------------------------

575
237
338

6.52
6 . 38
6.61

6UAR0S ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------NONNANUFACTURING —
P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S

5.862
102
5*760
123

TRUCKORIVERS* T R A C T O R - T R A I L E R ------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONHANUFACTURIN6 ---------------------------

-

-

8

16

10

53
49

1
1

2
2

4
4

4
4

3
3

_

1
1

10
10

_

-

46
42

3
1

7
5

4
4

46
36

45
41

6
5

54
54

25
23

32
32

6
6

5
2

281
280

_

4
-

30
30

169
169

10
10

18
18

50
50

33
33

6
6

20
13

14
1

13
12

24
1

1
1

14
14

_

-

8
-

26
25

27
22

90
90

187
121

209
206

104
101

103
101
1

47
46
-

41
41
17

79
78
3

32
31
13

23
16

4
4
-

20
20
12

287
287
10

12
12

26
26

16
16

88
88

8
8

2
2

46
46

10
10

24
24

40
40

110
110

160
160

10
10

186
-

360
360

5
5

45
45

6
6

140
140

184
184

34
34

64
64

6
6

28
28

2
2

3
3

6
6

1
1

_

-

_

_

-

-

~

440
440

_

-

3
“

_

-

-

-

~

“

3 . 9 0 - 6.43
5 . 4 7 - 6.65
3 .7 6 - 6.00
5 . 6 8 - 7.87

69
69

99
99

28
28
-

67
67
1

63
63

94
94

109
18
91
“

83

104
50
54
6

158
104
54
10

142
12
130
112

60
60
"

46
36
10
“

7
7
-

66
66
-

205

_

_

-

53

83
7

5.75
6 . 11
5.75

5 . 2 1 - 7.50
5 . 2 1 - 7. 50
5 .5 9 - 9.27

_
-

_
-

1
1

-

_
-

7

43
12
31

17
17

45
28
17

74
66
8

142
1
141

33
31
2

10
8
2

17
16
1

_

58
44
14

-

3.55
4.32
3.54
6.80

3 . 10
3. 23
3. 10
7.05

2 .9 0 2 .9 4 2 .9 0 5 .8 8 -

4. 10 2808
6.20
32
4 . 0 9 2776
8. 17
-

673
20
653
-

125
125
-

961

127
127
8

100
1
99
12

45
6
39
35

10

30
9
21
19

14
2
12
4

-

40

3
-

18
11
7
“

6UAR0S* CLASS A --------NONNANUFACTURING —
P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S

699
684
123

4.72
4.74
6.80

4 . 39
4.39
7 .05

3 .9 2 4 .1 0 5 .8 8 -

4.73
4.75
8. 17

_

7
3
~

11
11

6UARDS• CLASS B --------MANUFACTURING ----------NONNANUFACTURING —

5*163
87
5 .076

3.39
4 .43
3.37

3. 00
3. 11
3 . 00

2 .9 0 2 .9 4 2 .9 0 -

3 . 7 3 2808
6.33
32
3 . 7 3 2776

666
16
650

265

J A N I TO R S * PORTERS* AND CLEANERS ------- 15*040
194
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONNANUFACTURING -------------------------14*846
309
P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------

3.24
5.32
3.21
5 .82

2.90
5.77
2.90
5.74

2 .9 0 4 .4 2 2 .9 0 5 .3 3 -

3. 10 11262
4
6.28
3 . 0 5 11258
5.88

545
8
537

431
•431

SH IPPERS AND R ECE IV ER S
NONNANUFACTURING ------

_

-

-

276
276
-

-

-

3
3
“

56
28
28

69

-

-

-

40
40

5
5
5

-

-

-

5
5
5

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

“

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

3

12

2

_

-

3

12

2

-

-

5

139
134

15
11
~

42
42
~

299
299

42
42
8

29
29
12

38
38
35

1
1
-

3
3
-

19
19
19

4
4
4

-

40
40
40

221

196
196

83

662
662

85
~
85

71
1
70

7
6
1

9
7
2

15
11

11
9
2

10
2
8

-

■
_
-

-

193
22
171
10

117
8
109
31

211
5
206
64-

159
24
135
123

259
56
203
6

44

2
1
1

66

-

17

29

66
65

-

17

29

3
“

265

54
3
51

221

654
5
649

400
17
383

366
1
365

11

483
1
482
6

83
216
11
205
4

4

31
13

-

~

211
4
207
*
■

961
-

150
150

53
45

360
5
355
-

7

-

205
64

59
5
54
“

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




7

-

69

-

*




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers,
by sex, Washington, D.C.—Md.—Va., March 1979
Average
(mean')
hourly

Occu pa ti on , sex, 3 and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Oc cupation, s e x , 3 and i ndu str y divi si on

Average
Number (mean2)
of
hourly
wotken earning! 4

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUST O0 IAL
OCCUPATIONS - HEN— CONTINUED

MAINTENANCE* TOOLROOM. AND
POWERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - HEN

$

$

WAREHOUSEMEN ------------------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PU B LI C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

1.204
1 .1 1 0
55

5.74
5.84
7.18

ORDER F I L L E R S ---------------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

1*417
1*291

7 .3 2
7.32

MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS ------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PU B LI C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

1 .2 2 6
251
975
244

5.54
5.77
5.48
6 .86

F O R K L I F T OPERATORS --------- ----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

544
235
309

6 .6 3
6 .3 5
6 .8 4

GUARDS ---------------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

5*176
97
5 .0 7 9
119

3 .50
4 .2 7
3.49
6 .8 4

6UARDS* CLASS A -----------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

588
575
119

4.75
4 .7 8
6.84

GUARDS* CLASS B -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

9.17
9.33

MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

4*588
84
4 .5 0 4

3 .34
4.37
3.32

J ANI TOR S* PORTERS* AND CLEANERS ------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

8 .1 2 1
169
7 .9 5 2
183

3.36
5.33
3.32
5.88

MAINTENANCE E L E C T R I C I A N S ---------------------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

171
167

7.43
7 .4 0

MAINTENANCE MA CH INI STS -----------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

126
51

9.66
9 .1 2

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (M AC H IN ER Y) MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

271
144

8 .38
7 .89

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR V E H I C L E S ) -------NONMANUFACTURING PU B LI C U T I L I T I E S

317
213
168

8 .46
8.91
8 .93

S TA TIO NAR Y ENGINEERS ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

407
365

8 .46
8 .55

m a in ten an c e

p a in ter s

MATERIAL MOVEMENT ANO CUSTO DIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

TRUCKDRIVERS ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

4*081
686
3.395

7.24
8.24
7.04

TRUCKORIVERSe L I G H T TRUCK ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

469
463

5.57
5.55

TRUCKDRIVERS* MEDIUM TRUCK -------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

942
898

7.05
7 .06

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTOOIAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

TRUCKDRIVERS* HEAVY TRUCK ----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

1*342
525
817

7.20
8.49
6.37

TRUCKDRIVERS -----------------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

50
50

9.03
9.03

TRUCKORIVERS* T R A C T O R -T R A IL E R ------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

848
111
737

9 .06
7 .75
9.26

GUARDS ---------------------------------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

661
656

3.89
3.88

SHIPPERS ----------------------------------------------------------------NON MA NUFACTURING-------------------------------------

235
214

5 .78
5.99

6UAR0S* CLASS B --------------------------------------- -NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

575
572

3.79
3.78

RECEIVERS --------------------------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

528
503

6.33
6 .41

JANITORS* PORTERS* AND CLEANERS ------NONHANUF A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

6*892
6 .8 6 7
126

3 .08
3 .07
5 .7 3

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .

12




Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
Washington, D.C.—Md.—
Va., for selected periods
M a r c h 1972
to
M a r c h 1973

M a r c h 1973
to
M a r c h 1974

A l l in d u s t r ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l . . . . . . . . . . . _____ . . . . . . ___
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g
I n d u s tr ia l n u r s e s _____________________________________
S k ille d m a in te n a n ce tr a d e s __________________________
U n s k ille d plant w o r k e r s . . . _____ ______ _______

5.4
(6)
7.3
6.7
5.3

6.4
(6)
5.2
8.9
4.2

M a n u fa ctu rin g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l . ____________________________________
E l e c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g . . . _____ . . ________
In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s
S k ille d m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s .. . . . ______________
U n s k ille d plant w o r k e r s ______________________________

(6)
(6)
( )
(6)
6.9

N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l . ._ _____ ___________ . . ________
E l e c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g . . . __ . . . . . . . ___
I n d u s tr ia l n u r s e s ______________________________________
U n s k ille d plant w o r k e r s . . . ________ __________

5.3
(6)
(‘ )
5.6

In d u stry and o c c u p a tio n a l group 5

M a rch 1976
to
M a r c h 1977

7.8
7.9
6.6
9.5
7.9

7.0
6.3
8.1
7.8
10.2

7.0
6.5
6.9
7.6
4 .6

7.9
5.5
8.7
7.9
4 .8

6.2
7.1
6.8
5.8
7.6

(6 )
( 6)
( 6)
10.4
10.9

(? )
(?)
(6 )
11.3
15.2

(? )
(? )
(6)
6.5
3.9

(? )
(? )
(6)
8.1
10.2

( 6)
(? )
(6)
7.2
7.2

(?)
(?)
( >
(6)
7.2

6.4
(6 )
(6)
3.7

7.7
7.9
( 6)
7.1

7.0
6.4
(6 )
10.6

7.1
6.7
(6 )
4.2

8.1
5.5
(6)
4 .6

6.1
7.1
6.3
7.7

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s.

13

M a rch 1977
to
M a r c h 1978

M a rch 1978
to
M a rch 1979

M a rch 1975
to
M a r c h 1976

M a r c h 1974
to
M a rch 1975

Table A-8. Average pay relationships within establishments for white-collar occupations
Washington, D.C.—Md.—Va., March 1979
O ffic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a tio n be in g c o m p a r e d —
Oc cupation wh ic h equals 100

Secretaries

Stenographers

____ i ____________________________________
Class A

Class C

100
116
138
152
152
(61
175
197
177
183
169
209
210
195
181

100
117
129
139
<61
188
192
186
157
138
168
171
169
160

100
115
127
118
119
128
125
196
132
149
158
151
152

187
192
198
168
182
151
183

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS A........................
S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS A........................
S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS C . . ...................
S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS 0 ........................
S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS E ........................
STENOGRAPHERS, s e n i o r ......................
STENOGRAPHERS. G E N E R A L ..................
TRA NSC R IB IN G- H AC H IN E T Y P I S T S . .
T Y P I S T S . CLASS A . . . ...........................
T Y P I S T S . CLASS R..................................
F I L E CLE R KS . CLASS A........................
F I L E CLE R KS . CLASS R........................
F I L E CLE R KS . CLASS C........................
HESSE N6ERS................... ..............................
SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS......................
SWITCHBOARD OPERATORR E C E P T I O N I S T S .......................................
ORDER C LE R KS . CLASS B......................
ACCOUNTING CLE R KS . CLASS A . . . .
ACCOUNTING CLE R KS . CLASS R . . . .
PAYROLL CLERKS........... ...........................
KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS A . .
KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS B . .

Class B

152
169
131
156
129
126
158

126
181
116
180
111
118
185

D

Tran­
scribingm achine
G eneral
typists

C lassE

Senior

100
116
( 61
126
139
113
133
125
135
190
190
133

100
<61
<61
<61
117
120
<61
<61
185
127
115

100
<61
<61
(6 )
(6 )
<6>
128
<61
<61
155

100
<61
108
107
<61
<61
<61
111
109

113
122
108
129
100
101
127

<61
128
100
121
102
100
109

<61
<61
81
97
<61
<61
<61

98
<61
85
98
99
88
101

Class

Typists

F ile clerics
gets

C last A

Class B

100
<61
106
106
120
129
128
107

100
119
107
117
121
127
108

100
96
103
111
106
107

<61
<61
95
121
100
91
99

96
118
90
107
88
89
118

86
98
79
95
83
76
98

Class A

Clow B

Claw C

100
116
<6>
119
98

100
105
106
91

100
100
90

<61
<61
89
93
78
80
96

83
85
71
86
75
80
97

80
103
77
89
72
71
98

100
93
93
97
78
93
70
78
92_

Sw itch­
Sw itch­
board
board operato r—
re c e p ­
operators
tionists

Key entry opoflM

A c c o u n tin g clerk s

O rder
clerics,
class B

clerics
C law A

Cleat A

C la w B

Cleea B

100
93
100
73
98
86
82
101

100
106
85
105
85
89
<61

100
88
103
88
92
115

100
129
105
101
152

100
85
85
111

100
103
129

100
129

to o

P r o f e s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o ccu p a tio n b ein g c o m p a r e d —
C om puter system s analysts (business)

Class A

CORPUTER SYSTEHS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S l . CLASS A . . . ........... ..
COHPUTER SYSTEHS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS R........................
COHPUTER SYSTEHS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS C........................
COHPUTER PROGRAHHERS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS A........................
COMPUTER PR06 R4WRERS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS R . . . . . . . . . .
COHPUTER PROGRAHHERS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS C........................
COHPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS A . . .
COHPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B . . .
COHPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS C . . .
PERIPHERAL EOUIPHENT
OP ERA TO RS. ...............................................
COHPUTER DATA L I B R A R IA N S ..............
ORAFT ERS . CLASS A ...............................
D RAF TE RS. CLASS 8 ........... ..
D R AFT ERS . CLASS C . . . . . . .................
D RAFTER -TRACER S ..................................
ELE CT RO NI CS T E C H N I C I A N S .
CLASS A.......................................................
ELE CT RO NI CS T E C H N I C I A N S .
CLASS R........................ ..............................
electro nics te c h n ic ia n s .
CLASS C . . . . .............. ......................
REGISTERED IN D U S TR IA L N U R S E S ..
See fo o tn o te at end o f ta b le s .




Class B

Class C

C om puter program m ers (business)

Class A

Class B

Class C

C om puter operators

Class A

Class B

Class C

Peripheral
equipm ent
operators

Com puter
data
librarians

E lectro n ics te c h n ic ia n s

D rafters

Class A

Class B

Class C

D ra fte rtra c e rs

R eg istered

100

C law A

Class B

Class C

nurses

100
119

100

152

125

100

131

118

(6 )

159

132

98

129

100

195
168
196
218

155
132
152
199

123
110
130
139

159
138
172
187

129
107
130
165

100
90
113
117

100
120
138

100
118

100

(6)
196
133
175
196
235

159
171
120
152
177
238

189
129
78
92
118
136

< 6)
171
< 6)
180
(6 )
(6)

(6 )
129
102
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

<6 )
111
88
108
123
<6 )

187
122
<6 )
101
(6 )
<6 )

126
102
68
88
<6 >
(6 )

106
95
59
81
108
<6 )

100
108
<6 )
(6 )
(6)
(6 )

100
69
90
110
138

100
138
168
195

100
130
<6 )

100
125

(6)

(6 )

< 6)

(6>

<6 )

(6 )

77

<6 )

(6 )

(6 )

109

(6 )

<6 )

55

100

(6 )

79

(6 )

(6 )

<6 )

128

100

80

73

127

100

<6 )
88

173
120

133
115

103
89

<61

<6>
(6 )

125
j «>)

136
158
<6 )
163

188
<6 )
138

99
(6 )
110

100

(6)
<6>
(6 )

189
<6 )
118

(6 )
<6 )
(6 )

(6 )
100

<6 )
87

<6)
76

<6 )
71

100
< 6)

100

Table A-9. Average pay relationships within establishments for blue-collar occupations
Washington. D.C.—M d.—V a.f March 1979
M a in te n a n ce , t o o lr o o m , and p o w e rp la n t o c c u p a tio n being c o m p a r e d —
Occu p at io n w h ic h equals 100

M echanics
Carpenters

E lectrician s

Painters

M achinists

Stationary engineers
M achinery

MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS....................
MAINTENANCE E L E C T R I C I A N S ..............
MAINTENANCE P A I N T E R S .........................
MAINTENANCE M A C H I N I S T S ....................
MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
<MA CHINERY) . . . ......................................
MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR V E H I C L E S ) ................................
S T A TI O N A R Y E N 6 I N E E R S . . . . . . . . . .

100
83
116
9*

100
118
100

100
92

95

(6 )

(6 )

(6 )

100

103
95

106
112

101
94

100
108

M otor v e h icles

(6 )
(6 )

100

100
97

100

M a te r ia l m o v e m e n t and c u s to d ia l o c c u p a tio n b ein g c o m p a r e d —
Truckdriv'ers
Shippers
L ight truck

T R U CK D R IV E R S . L I G H T T R UC K............
TR U C K D R IV E R S . MEDIUM T R U C K . . . .
TRUCKDRIVERS* HEAVY TR UC K............
TR UCKDRIVERS* T R A C T O R - T R A I L E R .
S H I P P E R S . . . . . ..........................................
R EC E IV E R S .....................................................
SHIPP ERS AND R E C E I V E R S . .................
WAREHOUSE M E N . . ........................................
ORDER F I L L E R S . . . . . . . . . ...................
S H IP P IN G P A C K E R S . . . . . . . . . ...........
MA TERIAL HANDLING L A 8 0 R E R S . . . .
FORKLIFT O P E R A T O R S . . . . . . . . . . . .
6UAR0S * CLASS A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
GUARDS* CLASS 8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
J A N I TO R S * PORTERS* AND
C L E A N E R S .....................

M edium truck

H eavy truck

100
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
113
(6 )
(6 )
125

100
(6>
(6 )
(6 )
115
111
129
(61
(6 )
118
106
(6 )
122

100
101
(6 )
(61
(6 )
127
(6 )
(61
11 A
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

13 A

128

163

Receivers

W arehouse m e n

O rder fillers

Shipping packers

too
(6 )
(6 )
128
(6 »
117

Guards

M aterial hand lin g
Fork lift operators
laborers

T ra c to r-tra ile r

Janitors, porteis,
and cleaners
Class A

C lass B

112
(6*
(6 )

100
94
(6 )
(6 )
89
(6 1
119
(6 )
(61
(6 )

100
(61
(61
101
111
126
97
(61
112

100
87
(61
(61
101
98
(61
170

100
(6 1
(6 1
105
(61
106
(6 1

100
108
119
93
(61
172

100
(61
(61
(61
(61

100
91
(6 )
152

100
(6 )
187

100
139

100

151

113

127

130

129

132

108

126

190

(6 1

119

(6 1
122

See fo o tn o te at end o f t a b le s .




Shippers and
receivers

15

100

Earnings: Large establishments
Table A-10. Weekly earnings of office workers, large establishments, Washington, D.C.—Md.—
Va., March 1979
Number

Average
weekly
hour*1
(standard

Weekly eendafi1
_______ !!

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s rec ei vi ng st r a ig h t -t i m e wee kly earnings of—
s

s

s

*

I

S

%

s

S

t

s

S

S

*

*

*

S
380

400

420

440

1 ---------460

420

MS-

460

480

“
“
“

1
1
1

t

S

woiken

110

120

130

140

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

110

Occup atio n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

120

130

140

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380 . 4 0 0

-

1

9
9
“

50

1
-

3
3
-

50
5

194
194
1

46 5
1
46 4
32

741
18
723
107

758
30
728
85

548
35
513
106

473
40
433
118

322
22
300
126

320
13
307
88

199
5
194
129

100
6
94
44

52
3
49
31

39
1
38
19

19
1
18
9

11
11
10
11
11
10

105
Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

and
u n d er

SECRETARIES ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------

A . 305
175
A . 130
911

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.0

f
$
$
$
24 7 .0 0 2 3 7 . 0 0 2 0 7 . 0 0 - 2 7 9 . 5 0
2 6 5 .0 0 2 6 1 .0 0 2 3 7 . 0 0 - 2 8 2 . 5 0
2 4 6 .0 0 2 3 6 .0 0 2 0 6 . 0 0 - 2 7 9 . 5 0
2 8 2 .5 0 2 8 0 .5 0 2 3 9 . 5 0 - 3 2 4 . 0 0

SECRETARIES? CLASS A -----------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------

146
141
37

39.5
39.5
39.5

3 2 3 .0 0
3 22 .0 0
3 7 3 .5 0

3 1 0 .0 0
3 08 .0 0
3 8 6 .0 0

269.00 -3 85 .00
2 69 .00 -3 82 .00
3 56 .50 -4 23 .50

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

2
2
1

8
8
-

18
18
2

18
18
1

18
17
2

13
13
-

11
10
3

10
9
3

4
4
1

21
20
9

11
10
4

SECRETARIES* CLASS B -----------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------

594
562
138

39.5
3 9.5
39.5

2 9 5 .5 0 2 9 8 .0 0
2 9 4 .5 0 2 9 5 .5 0
3 33 .5 0 3 3 6 .0 0

2 56 .00 -3 36 .00
2 53 .50 -3 36 .00
3 11 .00 -3 61 .00

_
-

_
~

-

_
-

-

“

5
5
“

33
33
1

59
59
2

77
76
2

64
63
10

64
56
12

76
65
17

82
78
33

72
68
24

36
33
22

18
18
10

8
8
5

-

“

“

SECRETARIES* CLASS C -----------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------

1 .3 1 5
1 .2 4 7
226

39.0
39.0
39.5

2 5 5 .0 0 2 5 5 .0 0 2 1 9 . 0 0 - 2 9 2 . 5 0
2 54 .50 2 5 4 .0 0 2 1 7 . 0 0 - 2 9 3 . 0 0
2 96 .5 0 2 9 4 .5 0 2 7 9 . 0 0 - 3 1 6 . 5 0

_
-

-

~

~

1
1
“

13
13
“

93
93
2

235
234
9

190
184
10

165
153
17

170
137
21

174
161
63

204
202
52

41
41
28

18
17
17

11
11
7

-

-

-

-

“

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS 0 -----------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------

1 .2 0 4
1 .1 4 5
270

39.5
39.0
38.5

2 34 .5 0 2 2 9 .0 0
2 34 .50 2 2 9 .0 0
2 82 .5 0 2 8 0 .0 0

2 07 .0 0 -2 5 7 .0 0
2 06 .00 -2 60 .00
2 54 .50 -3 15 .00

_
-

_
“

-

2
2
-

17
17
5

61
61

128
127
-

255
240
7

289
269
18

163
144
42

143
139
64

57
57
49

23
23
19

65
65
65

-

1
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

SECRETARIES* CLASS E -----------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------

774
763

3 9 . 0 210 .50 2 0 6 .0 0
3 9 . 0 2 10 .0 0 2 0 6 .0 0

1 8 4 .00 -2 37 .00
1 84 .00 -2 37 .00

“

1
1

-

4
*

29
29

87
87

206
206

157
155

130
126

89
86

64
62

6
6

1
1

-

“

STENOGRAPHERS ----------------------------------N0NMANUFACTURIN6 --------------------

304
296

3 9.0
39.0

2 04 .50 1 8 7 .0 0 1 6 1 . 0 0 - 2 2 5 . 5 0
2 05 .00 1 8 6 .5 0 1 6 1 . 0 0 - 2 2 8 . 5 0

_

_

-

-

71
69

38
34

39
37

15
15

8
8

9
9

14
14

24
24

-

“

71
71

-

-

STENOGRAPHERS* SENIOR --------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

240
240

38.5
38.5

2 0 1 .5 0
2 0 1 .5 0

1 7 3 .5 0
1 7 3 .5 0

1 55 .50 -2 23 .00
155 .50 -2 23 .00

70
70

61
61

26
26

16
16

11
11

3
3

9
9

11
11

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL ------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

64
56

39.5
3 9.5

2 1 4 . 5 0 2 0 2 .5 0
2 1 8 . 5 0 2 0 5 .5 0

1
1

10
8

12
8

23
21

4
4

5
5

-

-

TYPISTS

69

37.0

2 1 0 .0 0

T Y P I S T S -------------------------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------

885
113
772
200

39.0
3 9.0
3 9. 0
38 . 5

1 8 6 . 0 0 1 8 2 .0 0 1 5 S . 0 0 - 2 1 1 . 0 0
2 1 3 .0 0 2 1 4 .5 0 1 8 7 . 0 0 - 2 3 5 . 0 0
1 8 2 .0 0 1 75 .5 0 1 5 5 . 0 0 - 2 0 3 . 5 0
2 1 0 . 5 0 2 0 8 .5 0 1 8 3 . 0 0 - 2 4 3 . 0 0

T Y P IS T S * CLASS A ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------

365
277

39.5
39.5

1 9 2 .0 0
1 8 4 .0 0

1 8 9 .0 0
1 8 2 .5 0

1 66 .50 -2 17 .00
159.50 -2 03 .50

_

-

-

-

T Y P IS T S * CLASS B ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------

520
495

38.5
38.5

1 8 1 .5 0
1 8 0 .5 0

1 7 5 .5 0
1 7 4 .0 0

1 5 5 .00 -2 05 .00
1 52 .50 -2 03 .50

-

-

F I L E CLERKS ----------------------------------------NONMANUF A C T U R I N G -------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------

504
489
56

38.5
38.5
39.5

1 5 5 .5 0 1 4 9 .0 0
1 5 4 .5 0 1 4 8 .5 0
2 0 5 .5 0 1 7 9 .0 0

1 40 .00 -1 65 .00
1 40 .00 -1 64 .00
1 6 5 .00 -2 45 .00

_

F I L E CLERKS* CLASS A ------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

99
93

38.0
38.0

1 8 3 .0 0 1 6 5 .0 0
1 8 4 .5 0 1 6 5 .0 0

1 58 .00 -1 86 .00
160 .50 -1 86 .50

TR ANS CRIBING-MACHINE

2 0 8 .5 0

~

-

-

“

*

1 8 7 .00 -2 27 .00
1 88 .50 -2 39 .00

_

-

-

-

1 96 .00 -2 26 .00

-

-

-

-

3

8

13

25

8

9

-

-

27

35

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

27
~

35
-

171
6
165
11

198
15
183
34

168
11
157
41

111
29
82
32

65
32
33
6

95
14
81
70

12
6
6

5
5

10
10

59
55

77
67

70
65

57
34

52
22

23
10

9
6

22
22

25
25

112
110

121
116

98
92

54
48

13
11

72
71

“

“

-

-

-

”

*

*

6
6

3
3

6
6

-

-

“

18
18

6
6

3
3

6
6

-

3
3

6
6

-

-

_

-

2

1

_

2

1

-

2
2

1
1

-

-

“

60
60

51
51
-

200
195

-

23
23
-

116
111
28

18
18
1

10
9
6

1
1
1

15
11
7

7
7
7

-

-

-

-

26
22

44

14
14

1
1

4
4

7
7

-

-

-

-

•
-

-

_

-

-

“

_

-

“

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3
3

_

_

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




“

“

1
1
1

3

-

_

-

-

16

3

42

_

6

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

3
3

_

-

_

Table A-10. Weekly earnings of office workers, large establishments, Washington, D.C.—Md.—
Va., March 1979— Continued
^^"weeklyTarnings^^™
(standard)
O c c u p a t i o n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
woricen

(standard)

N u m ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e w e e k ly earn in g s of—

s

S

Average
weekly

105
Middle range 2

Mean2

s

%

%

*

s
%
%
s
*
S
S
s
$
s
s
%
%
400
440
460
380
420
300
340
360
280
3 20
220 240
260

120

130

140

160

ISO

200

120

130

140

160

180

200

220

6
6

18
18

39
39

112
111

55
55

4
4

3
2

-

7
4

_

6
6

1
1

4
3

and
u n d er
110

F I L E CLERKS -

s

s

110

240

260

280

300

18
18
3

320

340

360

_

_

380

4 00

420

440

460

480

6
6
3

CON TINUED
$
1 5 2 .0 0
1 5 0 .5 0

$
$
1 * 6 .0 0 1 * 0 . 0 0 - 1 6 2 . 5 0
1 * 6 .0 0 1 4 0 . 0 0 ^ 1 6 1 . 0 0

F I L E CLERKS* CLASS B -----------------------------NONNANUF A C T U R I N B --------------------------------------

2*4
239

38.5
38.5

F I L E C L E R K S . CLASS C
NONNANUFACTURIN6 ------

161
157

3 9 . 0 1 * 3 . 5 0 1 * 5 .0 0 1 2 3 . 0 0 - 1 5 0 . 0 0
3 9 . 0 1 * 2 .5 0 1 * 4 .5 0 1 2 3 . 0 0 - 1 5 0 . 0 0

-

17
17

*2
42

12
12

62
62

17
14

-

NESSEN6ERS --------------------------NONNANUF ACT URI N6 —
P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S

375
371
92

38.5
38.5
38.0

1 7 7 .5 0 1 6 5 .5 0 1 * 6 . 0 0 - 2 0 3 . 5 0
1 7 7 .5 0 1 6 5 .5 0 1 4 6 . 0 0 - 2 0 3 . 5 0
2 1 9 .0 0 2 3 3 .5 0 2 0 3 . 5 0 - 2 4 3 . 0 0

*
4
“

15
15
“

3*
3*
-

30
30
-

88
88
13

67
64
4

35
34
4

22
22
18

8
8
8

48
48
39

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS
NONNANUFACTURIN6 —

211
201

3 9 . 5 1 8 0 .5 0 1 64 .5 0 1 * 4 . 0 0 - 1 9 5 . 5 0
3 9. 5 1 7 6 .5 0 1 6 4 .5 0 1 * 3 . 0 0 - 1 9 4 . 0 0

1
1

5
5

14
1*

10
10

*9
49

59
58

30
30

4
4

12
10

_

_

-

-

9
2

18
18

-

1*522
92
1*430
*36

39.5
38.5
39.5
39.0

1 9 8 .0 0 1 90 .0 0
2 6 4 . 0 0 2 6 4 .5 0
1 9 3 .5 0 1 8 5 .5 0
2 * 9 .0 0 2 5 5 .0 0

1 50 .00 -2 *3 .00
2 4 4 .0 0 -2 9 7 .0 0
1 50 .00 -2 30 .00
2 11 .00 -2 70 .50

-

65
1
6*
“

89

-

89
“

99
1
98
-

205
2
203
3

170
5
165
17

223
1
222
48

185
2
183
57

92
2
90
40

147
29
118
108

107
13
94
65

70
15
55
50

25
15
10
9

8
5
3
3

ACCOUNTING CLERKS* CLASS A --------------NONNANUFACTURIN6 -------------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

578
535
2*5

3 9.0
39.0
38.0

2 3 5 .5 0 2 4 7 .5 0 1 9 4 . 0 0 - 2 6 5 . 5 0
2 3 1 .0 0 2 3 5 .0 0 1 9 2 . 0 0 - 2 6 5 . 0 0
2 6 8 .0 0 2 6 5 .0 0 2 5 5 . 0 0 - 2 8 6 . 0 0

-

_
-

2
2
~

5
5
-

31
31
-

*5
*3
-

83
83
3

69
69
12

43
43
13

94
87
78

99
89
62

60
55
50

23
10
9

8

ACCOUNTING CLE R KS . CLASS B
NONNANUFACTURING ---------------------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

9*4
895
191

39.5
39.5
39.5

1 7 5 .0 0 1 6 7 .5 0 1 3 7 . 5 0 - 2 0 1 . 0 0
1 7 1 .5 0 1 6 4 .0 0 1 3 5 . 0 0 - 1 9 7 . 5 0
2 2 4 .0 0 2 1 1 .0 0 1 9 1 . 0 0 - 2 * 3 . 0 0

-

65
6*
-

87
87
-

94
93
-

17*
172
3

125
122
17

140
139
45

116
114
45

49
47
27

53
31
30

8
5
3

10

_

-

2
“

PAYROLL CLERKS ----------NONNANUFACTURING

135
118

39.0
39.0

2 1 8 .0 0 2 1 5 .0 0 1 9 0 . 5 0 - 2 * 4 . 0 0
2 1 0 .5 0 2 0 8 .0 0 1 8 5 . 5 0 - 2 3 5 . 5 0

_

-

_

-

2
2

-

10
10

16
16

18
18

28
27

23
19

18
15

5
2

3
-

10
9

KEY EN TR Y OPERATORS —
NONHANUFACTURING —
P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S

736
698
69

3 9.0
3 9.0
38.0

1 8 5 .5 0 1 8 2 .0 0 1 5 5 . 5 0 - 2 1 7 . 5 0
1 8 2 .5 0 1 8 0 .0 0 1 5 4 . 5 0 - 2 1 4 . 0 0
2 3 5 .0 0 2 * 3 .0 0 2 2 6 . 0 0 - 2 * 8 . 5 0

_
-

85
85
-

22
22
-

18
18
~

7*
7*
-

150
148
5

105
99
7

120
114
4

69
61
18

52
49
18

21
16
6

19
12
11

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS* CLASS A --------NONNANUF A C T U R I N 6 --------------------------------------

260
255

3 9 . 5 2 0 5 . 0 0 2 0 6 .0 0 1 7 8 . 5 0 - 2 2 7 . 0 0
3 9 . 5 2 0 4 . 0 0 2 0 6 .0 0 1 7 7 . 5 0 - 2 2 4 . 0 0

_

_

-

-

7
7

2
2

11
11

46
46

44
4*

74
74

30
30

14
13

20
16

12
12

KEY ENTRY OP ERATORS. CLASS B ---------NONNANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

*76
*43

3 9 . 0 1 7 5 .0 0 1 7 2 .5 0 1 * 3 . 5 0 - 2 0 7 . 0 0
3 9 . 0 1 7 0 .5 0 1 6 7 .5 0 1 3 6 . 0 0 - 1 9 8 . 0 0

-

85
85

15
15

16
16

63
63

104
102

61
55

46
40

39
31

38
36

1

7

AC C0 UN TIN 6 CLERKS --------HANUFACTURING ----------NONNANUFACTURIN6 —
P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S

-

-

See footnotes at end of tables.




17

-

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

~

36
36
36

1
1
-

_
-

_
-

_

~

~

-

15
15
15

1
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

21
21
21

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

1
-

1
-

_

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

*

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

1

_

_

_

_

_

-

3
3
-

-

-

Table A-11. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers, large establishments,
Washington, D.C.—Md.—
Va., March 1979
Weekly earning,^
(standard)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s re c e i v i n g s t r a ig h t -t i m e wee kly earnings of—

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard

445

485

525

565

« --------605

485

lilf

?+}

*05

jfc42.

118
111
25

79
78
21

56
47
4

51
34
11

19
11
1

58
58
9

58
58
11

51
51
13

33
27
3

22
13

17
10

*

*

Mean2

Median*

Middlt range *

$
$
$
$
3 9 . 0 3 9 3 . 0 0 3 8 5 .5 0 3 3 8 . 0 0 - 4 5 3 . 5 0
3 9 . 0 3 8 4 . 5 0 3 8 4 .0 0 3 3 0 . 0 0 - 4 4 1 . 5 0
3 9 . 0 4 0 8 . 0 0 3 9 9 .0 0 3 6 9 . 5 0 - 4 4 8 . 5 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) , CLASS A -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURINE ------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

255
231
36

39.5
39.5
40.0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) , CLASS B -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURINE ------------------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

372
350
81

3 9 . 0 3 9 3 .5 0 3 8 2 .5 0 3 4 1 . 5 0 - 4 3 7 . 0 0
3 9 . 0 3 8 7 .0 0 3 7 6 .0 0 3 4 1 . 0 0 - 4 2 3 . 5 0
3 9 .0 416.00 394.50 3 7 6 .0 0 -4 4 8 .5 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) , CLASS C -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

153
153

3 9.0
3 9.0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S I N E S S ) ------NONMANUFACTURINE -------------------------------------

600
536

3 9 . 0 3 4 9 . 5 0 3 4 6 .0 0 2 9 9 . 0 0 - 3 9 9 . 5 0
3 9 . 0 3 4 6 . 5 0 3 4 0 .5 0 2 9 3 . 0 0 - 3 9 8 . 0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) ,
CLASS A -----------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

216
169

3 9.5
3 9.5

3 9.0
3 9.0

155

165

175

185

205

225

245

265

285

1 -------305

325

365

145

155

165

175

185

205

225

245

265

285

305

325

365

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
10

16
16

17
17

30
30

31
31

34
34
5

34
34
8

122
121
21

154
154
44

_

8
8

*

2 7 8 .5 0 2 4 3 . 0 0 - 3 2 8 . 5 0
2 7 8 .5 0 2 4 3 . 0 0 - 3 2 8 . 5 0

3 8 5 . 5 0 3 8 5 .0 0
3 8 9 . 0 0 3 8 8 .0 0

s

<

s

S

S

4

S

3 3 7 . 5 0 3 1 9 .5 0 2 8 7 . 5 0 - 3 7 3 . 5 0
3 3 4 . 5 0 3 1 6 .0 0 2 8 4 . 5 0 - 3 6 8 . 0 0

126
120

37.5
37.5

312.00
311.50

2 9 9 .5 0
2 9 9 .0 0

2 61 .50 -3 40 .00
2 60 .00 -3 35 .50

COMPUTER OPERATORS ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

895
851

3 9.0
3 9.0

2 3 5 . 5 0 2 3 4 .0 0
2 3 3 . 0 0 2 3 1 .0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A -----------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

231
218

39.5
39.5

2 7 1 . 5 0 2 6 7 .0 0
2 7 0 . 0 0 2 6 4 .0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B -----------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

317
305

39.5
39.5

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C -----------NONMANUFACTURINE -------------------------------------

347
328

3 8 .5 214.50
38.5 209.00

PERIPHERAL EQUIPMENT OPERATORS --------NONMANUF A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------

77
77

39.0 1 81.50
3 9 .0 181.50

DRAFTERS ----------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

250
230
106

405

*

*

1

and
under

9
6
'
8
6

”

_
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

10
10

12
12

10
10
1

24
24
4

91
90
10

80
80
31

60
53
14

28
27
8

23
20
1

29
21
11

2
1
1

1
-

_

_

_

24
24

10
10

23
23

16
16

_

-

19
19

_

-

20
20

_

-

15
15

_

-

16
16

-

-

10
10

_

-

”

”

_

-

-

_

6
6

8
8

18
17

21
21

56
56

63
61

69
68

120
96

112
93

67
53

47
46

13
11

-

1
1

2
2

1

72
53

82
64

43
34

13
13

2
2

_

20
19

11
9

_

_

_

_

“

*

“

3 5 5 .00 -4 07 .00
3 5 5 .00 -4 10 .50

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) ,
CLASS C -----------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

_

_

~

_

_
_

“

_

_

”

_

_

”

7
7

14
14

42
42

40
39

44
44

37
36

25
24

18
13

*
-

-

'

"

_

_

"

'

_

_

_

_

_

'

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

8
8

11
10

7
7

13
13

21
20

24
24

11
7

5
5

6
6

14
14

-

1 92 .00 -2 61 .00
1 91 .0 0 -2 5 9 .0 0

-

16
16

23
23

38
38

42
42

156
154

71
70

165
160

187
179

65
58

64
56

33
28

24
22

4
4

6
~

"

-

“

-

-

1
1

“

2 51 .00 -2 95 .00
2 49 .50 -2 94 .00

_

-

-

-

-

61
61

36
33

45
39

19
17

16
14

4
4

”

-

-

20
20

-

-

16
16

-

-

12
12

-

-

2
2

-

-

“

2 3 2 . 5 0 2 2 9 .0 0 2 0 5 . 5 0 - 2 5 2 . 0 0
2 3 1 . 5 0 2 2 8 .5 0 2 0 4 . 0 0 - 2 5 1 . 0 0

_

_
-

3
3

4
4

14
14

8
8

48
48

41
41

104
99

41
38

21
20

13
12

12
10

8
8

-

-

“

“

-

-

“

1 9 3 .5 0
1 9 1 .0 0

1 8 3 .50 -2 55 .00
1 8 3 .00 -2 52 .00

-

1
1

13
13

19
19

24
24

32
32

96
94

14
13

41
41

85
80

8
5

6
5

2
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

”

“

1 6 6 .0 0
1 6 6 .0 0

1 60 .00 -1 86 .50
1 60 .00 -1 86 .50

1
1

-

15
15

18
18

23
23

-

-

“

4
4

_

-

12
12

_

-

1
1

1
1

3 9 . 5 2 6 9 . 0 0 2 6 5 .5 0
3 9 . 5 2 6 9 . 5 0 2 6 4 .5 0
3 9 . 5 3 0 6 . 5 0 2 8 8 .0 0

2 1 3 .00 -3 09 .50
2 1 2 .00 -3 14 .00
2 6 4 .50 -3 62 .50

12
12

-

_

4

5
5
3

9
9
2

20
17
1

29
28
7

21
20
14

32
29
20

13
”9

21
21
16

-

4

-

1

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




S

4 5 8 . 5 0 4 4 7 .5 0 4 0 3 . 5 0 - 5 0 3 . 0 0
4 4 8 . 5 0 4 4 0 .5 0 4 0 1 . 0 0 - 4 8 1 . 0 0
4 3 7 . 0 0 4 3 9 .0 0 4 0 5 . 0 0 - 4 6 0 . 0 0

283.50
2 8 3 .5 0

*

*0?

t

S

125

780
734
140

258
247

145

S

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ! ---------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURINE ------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) ,
CLASS B -----------------------------------------------------------NONHANUF A C T U R I N 6 -------------------------------------

135

135

Oc cup ati on and i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

Number
of
workers

18

_

25
23
3

”
28
22
16

6
“

-

2
2

-

-

14
14
8

17
17
15

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

“
-

-

-

—

”

~

-

-

Table A-11. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers, large establishments.
Washington, D.C.—M d.—Va., March 1979— Continued
W
eekly
(standard)

Occupation and in d u stry d ivisio n

of
ndus

zs
(atudaid)

N um ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e we e k ly e a r n in g s o f —

*

Av*rac*

*

M*«a*

Median1

K8ddUru«*a

*

s

%

*

s

%

*

s

s

s

%

*

s

s

S

%

s

s

145

155

165

175

185

205

225

245

265

285

305

325

365

405

445

485

525

565

605

145

155

165

175

185

205

225

245

265

285

305

325

365

405

445

485

525

565

605

645

1

7

3

9

4

11

17

-

-

_
-

1
1

4
4

21
21
3

2
2
-

9
B
4

10
4
1

a
i

17
17
15

3
3
3

_

_
-

_

15
10

35
31

403
402

5
5

-

-

4

11

-

-

-

-

and
under
135

DRAFTERS -

*
135

2

125

CONTINUED
$
$
$
$
3 5 6 .0 0 3 6 8 .5 0 3 0 8 . 0 0 - 4 1 1 . 5 0

DRAFTERS* CLASS A ------------------------------------

5A

39.5

DRAFTERS* CLASS B -----------------------------------NONNANUFACTURINE -----------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------

71
61
26

3 9 . 5 2 8 6 .5 0 2 7 9 .0 0 2 3 7 . 0 0 - 3 4 2 . 5 0
3 9 . 5 2 8 5 .5 0 2 7 1 .5 0 2 3 5 . 5 0 - 3 4 6 . 0 0
3 9 . 0 3 3 0 .5 0 3 5 3 .0 0 2 8 5 . 5 0 - 3 6 2 . 5 0

_
-

DRAFTERS* CLASS C -----------------------------------NONNANUFACTURINE -----------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------

78
7A
32

39.5
39.5
39.5

-

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS -------------------------NONNANUFACTURINE ------------------------------------

523
498

2 3 2 . 5 0 2 2 1 .0 0 2 0 0 . 0 0 - 2 6 4 . 5 0
2 3 4 . 5 0 2 2 1 .0 0 2 0 3 . 0 0 - 2 6 4 . 5 0
2 7 0 .5 0 2 6 9 .0 0 2 6 1 . 0 0 - 2 9 4 . 5 0

4 0 . 0 3 5 9 .5 0
4 0 . 0 3 6 3 .0 0

3 7 4 .0 0 3 7 4 . 0 0 - 3 8 3 . 0 0
3 7 4 .0 0 3 7 4 . 0 0 - 3 8 3 . 0 0

-

-

O
o

25

_

.

_

20
19
3

2
2
-

16
16
12

1
1
1

_

5
3

26
24

17
16

10
5

7
2

'

4

-

-

.

3 0 2 . 0 0 3 1 8 .5 0 2 5 0 . 5 0 - 3 5 6 . 5 0

19

-

-

15
15
15

6

1
1
-

17
14
1

"

-

6
6
_

-

S e e fo o tn o te s at en d o f t a b le s .




-

-

'

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS* CLASS B :
NONNANUFACTURINE:
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------

-

Table A-12. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex, large establishments,
Washington, D.C.—M d.—
Va., March 1979
A'
O ccu p a tion , s e x , 3 and in d u stry d iv is io n

O FF I C E OCCUPATIONS

Weekhr
hours

284
280
31

38.5
3 8.5
3 8.0

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

$
172.50
172.50
212.50

------------------ ---------------------------

Number
of
woiken

Weekly
E y
earnings1
(standard) (standard)

O FF I C E OCCUPATIONS UOHEN— CONTINUED
TYPISTS -

ACCOUNTING CLERK S. CLASS A :
n o n ha nufactur in g:
PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------

CONTINUED

34

39.0

38.5

273.00

302.50

O FF I C E OCCUPATIONS

361
274

$
3 9 . 5 1 9 1 .5 0
3 9 . 5 1 8 4 .0 0

T Y P I S T S # CLASS B ---------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

503
480

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 8 1 .5 0
1 8 0 .5 0

F I L E CLERKS ---------------------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

485
470
42

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
39.0

1 5 3 .0 0
1 5 2 .0 0
1 9 4 .5 0

F I L E CL ER KS . CLASS A -----------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

50

O ccu p a tion , s e x . 3 and in d u s try d iv is io n

Number
of
woiken

W.«kJy
W
.afchr
Matap1
boos
(itudaid) (it*adu4

PROFESSIONAL AND TE C H N I C A L
OCCUPATIONS - HEN

T Y P I S T S . CLASS A ---------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------------

At m i i i
(mesa*)

Avenue
(mean*)

HEN

HESSEN6ERS --------------------------------------------NONHANUF A C T U R I N 6 ---------------------P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S ----------------ACCOUNTING CL ERK S:
NONHANUFACTURING:
PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S

Number
of
woiken

93
87

F I L E CL ER KS . CLASS B -----------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

234
229

3 8 .0
38.0

F I L E CLE R KS . CLASS C -----------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

158
154

3 9 . 0 1 4 3 .0 0
3 9 . 0 1 4 2 .0 0

HESSENGERS -----------------------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

91
91

3 8 .0
38.0

1 9 4 .0 0
1 9 4 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS -------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

190
182

39.5
39.5

1 8 1 .5 0
1 7 7 .5 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS -----------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

1 .2 9 1
1 .2 4 7
386

3 9 . 0 1 9 3 .0 0
3 9 .5 1 9 0 .5 0
3 9 .0 2 4 5 .5 0

ACCOUNTING CLERK S. CLASS A -------------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

454
428
211

3 9 . 0 2 3 4 .5 0
3 9 . 0 2 3 1 .0 0
3 8 . 0 2 6 2 .5 0

ACCOUNTING CLERK S. CLASS B -------------NONHANUFACTURIN6 ------------------------------------P UB LI C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

837
819
175

3 9 . 5 1 7 0 .5 0
3 9 . 5 1 6 9 .5 0
39.5 225.50

PAYROLL CLERKS -------------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

120
111

3 9 . 0 2 1 5 .0 0
3 9 . 0 2 1 0 .0 0

3 8 . 0 1 7 4 .0 0
3 8 . 0 1 7 5 .0 0
1 5 1 .5 0
1 5 0 .0 0

COHPUTER SYSTEHS ANALYSTS
(B U S I N E S S ! ------------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURIN6 -------------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------

565
527
98

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

COHPUTER SY STE HS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS A -----------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------

223
199
28

3 9 .5 4 64.50
3 9 .5 4 54.00
3 9 .5 437.00

COHPUTER SY STE HS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ! . CLASS B ------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------

249
235
52

3 9 .0 4 02.50
3 9 .5 396.50
3 9 .0 411.50

COHPUTER SY STE HS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ! . CLASS C ------------------------NONHANUFACTURING --------------------------------

93
93

COHPUTER PROGRAHHERS ( B U S I N E S S ! ------NONHANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

415
375

3 9 .0 3 53.00
3 9 .0 350.00

COHPUTER PROGRAHHERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS A ------------------------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

148
122

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

389.50
391.50

COHPUTER PROGRAHHERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS B ------------------------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURIN6 --------------------------------------

192
183

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

340.00
336.00

COHPUTER PROGRAHHERS ( B U S I N E S S ! .
CLASS C ------------------------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

75
70

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

313.50
314.00

---------------------------------

63

39.0

267.50

DRAFTERS -----------------------------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

182
163
101

3 9 .5
39.5
3 9 .5

2 90.00
292.50
308.00

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

$
4 08.50
399.00
406.00

289.00
2 89.00

SE CRETARIES --------------------------------------HANUFACTURING --------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S --------------

4.224
175
4 .049
901

3 9 .0 247.00
39.5 265.00
3 9 .0 246.50
39.0 281.50

SECRETARIES# CLASS A -----------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S --------------

146
141
37

3 9 .5 323.00
3 9 . 5 3 2 2 .0 0
3 9 .5 373.50

SE CR ETARIES# CLASS B -----------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S --------------

593
561
138

39.5
39.5
3 9.5

295.50
294.50
333.50

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS C -----------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S --------------

1.303
1 .2 3 5
219

3 9.0
39.0
3 9.5

255.00
254.00
294.50

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS D -----------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S --------------

1 .1 9 4
1 .1 3 5
269

39.5
3 9.0
38.5

2 3 4 .5 0
234.50
2 8 2 .0 0

SECRETARIES# CLASS E -----------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------

770
759

3 9 .0 210.50
39.0 210.00

STENOGRAPHERS ----------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------

303
295

3 9 .0 204.50
3 9 .0 205.00

359.00

201.50
201.50

3 9 . 0 1 8 5 .5 0
3 9 . 0 1 8 3 .0 0
3 8 . 5 2 3 9 .5 0

3 9 .5

38.5
38.5

6 93
663
63

51

240
240

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS ------------------------------------NONHANUF A C T U R I N 6 ------------------------------------P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

DRAFTERS* CLASS A --------------------------------------

STENOGRAPHERS# SENIOR --------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------STENOGRAPHERS# 6ENERAL ------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------

63
55

39.5
39.5

215.50
219.50

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS* CLASS A --------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

253
248

39.5 205.50
3 9 .5 2 0 4 .5 0

DRAFTERS. CLASS B:
n o n h a n u fa c tu r in g :
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S

---------------------------------

25

3 9 .0

332.50

TYPISTS

66

37.5

2 1 0 .0 0

3 9 .5

270.50

3 9.0
39.0
39.0
3 8.5

1 8 5 .5 0
2 1 2 .5 0
1 8 2 .0 0
2 1 1 .0 0

3 9 . 0 1 7 3 .5 0
3 9 . 0 1 7 0 .0 0
38.0 225.50

32

864
110
754
191

440
415
46

DRAFTERS* CLASS C :
n o n h a n u fa c tu r in g :
P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

T Y P I S T S --------------------------------------------------HANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S ---------------

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS B --------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

ELECTRONICS T E C H N I C IA N S ---------------------------NONHANUF A C T U R I N 6 --------------------------------------

450
426

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

366.50
370.50

T R AN S CR IB IN 6- HA CH IN E

COHPUTER o p e r a t o r s :

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




20

n o n h a n u fa c tu r in g :

PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S

Table A-12. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex, large establishments,
Washington, D .C .—Md.—
Va., March 1979— Continued
knm s.
(m« *»*)
O cc u p a tio n , s e x , 3 and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

at

Weekly
woikers boon
(standard)

Average
(mean2)

W
eekly
earning!1
(standard)

O cc u p a tio n , s e x , 3 and in d u stry d iv is io n

PR OFESSIONAL AND TE C H N I C A L
OCCU PA TION S - UOREN

Number
of
workers

Average
(mean*)

Weekly
Weeklv
hours
earnings1
(standard) (standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TEC HNI CAL
OCCUPATIONS - UOHEN— CONTINUED

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) ----------------------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) * CLASS B -----------------------------NONHANUFACTURIN6 --------------------------------------

215
207
42

123
115
29

$
3 9 . 0 3 53 .0 0
3 9 . 0 3 48 .0 0
3 8 . 5 4 1 2 .5 0

3 9 . 0 3 74 .5 0
3 9 . 0 3 67 .0 0
3 8 . 0 4 2 3 .5 0

Number
of
workers

O cc u p a tio n , s e x . 3 and in d u stry d iv is io n

Weekly
W
eekly
hoursr
earnings1
(standard) (standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TE CHNI CAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN— CONTINUED

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) - CONTINUED

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) CONTINUED

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) * CLASS C -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S )
I*U™h m iiur ■ v, i u n i no — —

60
60
185
161

-------

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) ,
CLASS A -------------------------------------------------------------

3 8. 5 3 4 2 . 0 0
38. 5 338.00

68

39.5

$
3 7 7 .5 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS B ------------------------------------------------------------NOMWagUr mL 1UK1 Nb

$
3 9 .0 275.00
3 9 .0 275.00

66
64

39.0
39.5

3 3 1 .0 0
3 2 9 .0 0

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .

Table A-13. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers, large establishments.
Washington, D.C.—Md Va., March 1979

M edian2

Middle range 2

70
67

$
1 0 .4 5
10. 45

$
$
8 .9 1 -1 0 .4 5
8 .36 -1 0.4 5

MAINTENANCE ELEC TR ICIA N S ----------------

58 1 0 . 0 0 1 0 . 63
9.05
9.05

8 .2 8 -1 0 .6 1
8 .2 8 -1 0 .6 1

7 .8 0

8 .20

8.60

9 .0 0

9.40

2
2

8
8

1
1

6
3

"

“

-

46
46

2

1

1
1

7
7

-

*
6.20

1

5.80

6.60

4 . 20 4 . 4 0 4 . 6 0

5.40

6.20

6.60

7.00

7.40

o

*
o

*
5.40

a

s
5.00

s

4.60

9 .28 -1 0.6 9

$
9.51
9.54

s
t
i
%
s
*
*
*
8 . 6 0 9 . 0 0 9 . 40 9 . 8 0 1 0 . 2010 .6011 . 0 0 1 1 . 4 0 1 1 . 8 0

s

and
under
o
o

MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS --------------------NONHANUF A C T U R IN E -----------------------------

8.20

%

i

t
$
$
4 . 00 4 . 2 0 4 . 4 0

o
0
0
tf>

M ean2

7.80

4

3.80

Occupation and industry division
workers

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s re ce iving s t r a ig h t -t i m e h o u r ly ea rnings of—

-4

4

V
II
o
o

Hourly earnings
N umber

-

-

-

_

3
3

_

-

-

*

-

2
2

4
4

-

-

_

2
2

-

-

1
1

-

~

1
1

-

1
1

-

-

100
97

MAINTENANCE M ACHINISTS ---------------------

96

9.98

1 0. 00

9 .2 0 -1 0 .9 7

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR VEH ICLES) ------NONHANUF A C T U R IN 6 ---------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------

216
176
131

8 .78
8.81
8 .80

8.81
8.88
8.88

8 .5 2 - 9.31
8 .7 3 - 9.31
8 .7 3 - 9.31

-

-

-

-

-

-

STATIONARY ENGINEERS ---------------- --------NONHANUFACTURING ---------------------------

132
111

8 .75
8 .67

8 .94
8 . 58

7 .7 3 -1 0 .5 0
7 .36 -1 0.5 8

1
1

1
1

-

-

_

_
1
1

_

_

-

-

*

“

2
2

2
2

4
4

-

S e e fo o tn o te s at e n d o f t a b le s .

21

*

7

-

-

-

14

23

6

-

-

4
i

29
29

1
1

-

4
4

33
33

1
1

-

-

4

6

25

-

27

14

-

-

~

34
34
9

3
3
3

1
1
1

6
6

14
10

17
17

15
15

4
4
i

10
10
4
-

*

1
13
13
20

MAINTENANCE PAINTERS -------------------------NONNANUFACTURINE -----------------------------

9.12
9.13




9. 8 0 1 0 . 2 0 1 0 . 6011 .0011 . 4 0 1 1 . 8 0 1 2 . 2 0

9
9

2
2
2

1
1
1

17
17
16

32
4
i

85
73
66

27
27
27

3
3

6
6

6
6

12
12

9
9

22
5

-

-

_

-

2
2

Table A-14. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers, large establishments,
Washington, D.C.—Md.—
Va., March 1979
Hourly timings

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a ig h t -t i m e h o u r ly earnings of—
T
T --------- T
1 ---------T
*
T
I -------- 1 ---------1 --------- - » ----------*------T
"s-------- t
S
S
4 . 1 0 * .3 0 4 . 5 0 4 .7 0 5 . 1 0 5 .5 0 5 . 9 0 6 . 3 0 6 . 7 0 7. 10 7 . 5 0 7 . 90 0 . 3 0 0 . 7 0 9 . 1 0 9 . 5 0 9 . 9 0

S
%
1 --------- S
3.30 3.50 3.70 3.90

3.10

Occupation and i nd us tr y div is io n
wo(ken

C
3 .1 0

3.30

3.50

3.70

-

2
2

*
4

4
4

1
1

1
1

6
6

s
2.90

Number
Mean 2 Median*

Middle range 2

$
9.05
1 0 .0 6

TRUCKDRIVERS* L I G H T TRUCK ----------------NONMANU FAC TUR INE --------------------------------------

72
72

6.52
6 .5 2

5.98
5.98

4 .9 7 4 .9 7 -

9.05
9.05

-

1
1

2
2

1
1

1
1

-

_

-

-

TRUCKORIVERS* MEDIUM TRUCK --------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

171
129

6.82
6.8*

6 .66
6 .66

6 .5 3 6 .6 6 -

7.10
7.13

_

-

_

-

_

-

“

-

-

TRUCKDRIVERS* T R A C T O R -T R A IL E R ------NONMANUFACTURINE --------------------------------------

550
54*

9.**
9.46

1 0 .0 6
1 0 .0 6

1 0 .0 6 - 10.20
1 0 .0 6 - 10.20

-

-

-

RECEIVERS --------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURINE -------------------------------------

106
100

4.92
4 .8 2

*.75
4.71

SHIPPERS AND RECEIVERS -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURINE --------------------------------------

331
306

5.16
5.01

3 .7 5
3.75

3 .7 5 3 .7 5 -

WAREHOUSEMEN ------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURINE -------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

668
658
64

6 .51
6 .5*
6.91

6.80
6.92
7.07

4 .5 0 4 .5 0 6 .1 7 -

601

8 .36

9.49

MATERIAL HANDLINE LABORERS -------------------NONMANUFACTURINE -------------------------------------

5*9
*82

4.21
3 .85

3.75
3.65

10
10

30
30

21
21

-

1
1

7
.7

6
6

3
3

2
2

_

-

1
1

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
8

-

8
8

3
3

14
1*

1
1

3
3

4
*

9
9

6.35
5.26

_

_

-

-

-

8.31
8.31
7.07

-

_

-

5.78
5.66

-

-

-

33
33

122
89

2
2

-

23
23

6
6

4
4

-

2
2

-

-

16
16

10
10

2
2

9
8

13
13

6
5

13
13

-

_

6UARDS* CLASS B -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURINE --------------------------------------

739
715

*.59
4 .5 3

4.60
4.60

4 .5 6 4 .5 6 -

4 .67
4.67

-

JA NITORS* PORTERS* AND CLEANERS ------NONMANUFACTURINE ------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

6*510
6**03
196

3.37
3.33
5 .87

2.90
2.90
5.33

2 .9 0 2 .9 0 5 .3 3 -

3 . 2 5 4813
3 . 0 2 *813
7.12

-

6

5
2

1
-

_

-

6

36
-

-

5.88
5.88

2
2

3
3

-

4 .3 8 4 .4 3 -

9
9

-

-

5 . 14
5.26

-

7
7

-

5.35
5 .49

38
38

-

-

195
160

4
4

3

4

GUARDS* CLASS A -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURINE -------------------------------------

9
3

31
31
13

22
22

-

2
2

18
18

19
19

_

5
5

41
41
17

10

4.80
4.74

13
13

16
15
“

11
11

4 .4 9 4 .5 2 -

9
9

21
19
1

14

4.60
4.60

-

46
43

4

4.75
*.73

“

20
19

20
20

9 3*
B95

_

44

2

6UARDS ---------------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURINE -------------------------------------

-

55
55

24
24

1
1

-

6

6
6

29
29

8

-

14

17
16

39
39

9.55

19
19

15
15

4

9 .5 5

11
10

1
1

63
63

4 .8 3 4 .6 8 -

103
70

24
1

14

7 . 50
8.01

22
22

_

-

11
10

67
67

7 .4 0
7.11

_

2
1

28
28

-

-

-

13
13

20

6
6

-

6
6

12

3
3

-

9
9

99
99

22
22

-

9
9

-

72
72

-

10
10

69
69

10
10

_

14
14

42

44
30

30 0 . 70 9 . 1 0 9 . 5 0 9 . 9 0 1 0 . 3 0

-

10
10

9.66

271
19*

54
54

169
169

4.55
4 .05

FO R K LI FT OPERATORS ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURINE -------------------------------------

16
15

4
4

3 .2 5 3 .2 0 -

-

3

431
431
-

”

6

-

*

_

-

3
3

-

431
431

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

6

_

-

20
20

-

-

29
29

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

16
16

4
4

8
8
-

287
287
10

-

60

-

5

45

6

150

243

-

7
-

24
-

1
1

-

-

_

8

-

-

-

8

2
2

_

*4

_

.

69

-

3
-

56

-

28

69

12
12

1
1

-

_

_

1
1

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

7
7

31
31

6
6

11
11

17
17

8
8

12
11

2

2
2

1
1

-

-

11
7

42
42

12
10

26
21

64
60

26
26

5*
54

439
439

98
98

44
43

45
39

10
3

12
7

24
21

14
12

-

7
3

_

5
3

7
2

4
-

9

6
6

19
19

27
27

38
38

1
1

3
3

19
19

4
4

_

9

33
33

“

12
12

4
4

42
42

7
7

19
19

60
60

17
17

21
21

433
433

79
79

17
16

7
1

9

9

-

4

10
8

_

2

5
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

75
75

97
97

153
153

276
275

210
209
6

163
162
2

52
49
5

41
27
5

96
95
25

112
112
64

45
36
24

211
157

35
13

2
1

66
66
65

-

17
17

29
29

3
3

12
12

2
2

-

See footn otes at end o f ta b le s .




4
4

1
cv
r«-

ORDER F I L L E R S -----------------------------------------------------

3 .9 6 3 .7 0 -

12
12

o
*
•

$
8.*2
8 .5 0

6,70

o'
w

90S
860

5 . 5 0 5 .9 0 6 . 3 9

k

TRUCKDRIVERS ------------------------------------------------------NONHANUF A C T U R I N E --------------------------------------

4 .5 0 U H j 5 . 1 0

o

3 , 9 0 4*10 4 , 3 0

r*

$
$
6 . 6 6 - 1 0.20
6 . 6 6 - 1 0.20

and
under

22

“

-

.

-

-

-

-

-




Table A-15. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom,
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex,
large establishments, Washington, D.C.—Md.—
Va., March 1979
Oc cupation, s e x , 3 and i nd us tr y d iv i si o n

Number
of
worker*

A ven g e
{ m ean*)
hourly
earnings 4

Oc cupation,

MAINTENANCE' TOOLROOM* AND
POUERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - MEN

and i nd us tr y div is io n

Number
of
worker*

Average
(m ean*)
hourly
earnings4

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTOD IAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED
9 . A8
9.51

MAINTENANCE E L E C T R IC IA N S

57

MAINTENANCE PA IN TER S -------NONMANUF A C T U R I N 6 ----------

9 .12
9 .1 3

MAINTENANCE MA CHINISTS -

96

9 .98

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR V E H IC L E S ) -------NONMANUF ACTURIN6 P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S

187
175
130

8 . 8A
8.83
8 .8 2

S TA TIO NAR Y ENGINEERS
NONMANUFACTURIN6 -

132
111

6.67
6 .70
6.92

MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS -------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

365
312

A . 30
3.90

2A0
165

7.77
7.61

GUARDS -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURIN8 -■
P UB LI C U T I L I T I E S

685
651
87

A . 80
A . 77
6. 3A

GUARDS* CLASS A -------NONMANUFACTURING P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S

155
1A2
87

5 .52
5 .69
6. 3A

530
509

A . 59
A . 52

2 .760
2 '6 7 1
116

3.73
3.65
5 .92

3 .723
3.705
80

3 .10
3.08
5.79

9 .99

98
95

589
579
A3

GUARDS* CLASS B NONMANUFACTURING

69
66

WAREHOUSEMEN ------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PU B LI C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

F O R K L I F T OPERATORS ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS —
NONMANUF A C T U R I N 6 ----------

8.75
8.67

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTO DIAL
OCCUPATIONS - HEN

J A N I T O R S ' POR TER S. AND CLEANERS ------NONMANUFACTURINE ------------------------------------P UB LI C U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------885
837

8.A2
8 .5 0

65
65

6.59
6.59

TRUCKDRIVERS* MEOIUM TRUCK
NONMANUFACTURING --------------------

170
128

6 .83

TRUCKDRIVERS* T R A C T O R -T R A IL E R ------NONMANUFACTURIN6 --------------------------------------

535
529

9 . A3
9.A5

TRUCKDRIVERS --------------NONMANUFACTURING
TRUCKDRIVERS. L I 6 H T TRUCK
NONMANUF A C T U R I N G -----------------

6.86

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTOD IAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

J A N I T O R S ' P OR TER S' AND CLEANERS ------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

See footnotes at end of tables.

23

Footnotes

3 E arnings data rela te on ly to w o r k e r s w h ose sex id e n tifica tio n was
p r o v id e d by the estab lish m en t.
4 E x clu d es p rem iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w ork on w eek en d s,
h o lid a y s , and late sh ifts.
3 E stim a tes fo r p e r io d s ending p r io r to 1976 rela te to m en o.nly fo r
sk ille d m ain ten an ce and u nskilled plant w o r k e r s . A ll oth er e stim a te s rela te
to m en and w om en.
6 Data do not m eet p u b lica tion c r it e r i a o r data not a v a ila b le.

1 Standard h ou rs r e fle c t the w ork w eek fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e
th e ir re g u la r s t r a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay f o r o v e r t im e at
re g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a te s ), and the ea rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th ese
w eek ly h o u rs.
2 The m ea n is com p u ted fo r ea ch jo b by tota lin g the ea rn in g s o f all
w o r k e r s and d ividin g by the n u m b er o f w o r k e r s .
The m ed ian d esign a tes
p o s itio n — h a lf o f the w o r k e r s r e c e iv e the sa m e o r m o r e and h a lf r e c e iv e
the sa m e o r le s s than the rate show n. The m id d le range is defin ed by two
ra tes o f pay: a fou rth o f the w o r k e r s earn the sa m e o r le s s than the lo w e r
o f th ese ra tes and a fou rth ea rn the sa m e o r m o r e than the h ig h er rate.




24

Appendix A .
Scope and Method
of Survey
I n e a c h o f t h e 72 1 a r e a s c u r r e n t l y s u r v e y e d , t h e B u r e a u o b t a i n s
w a g e s a n d r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s d a t a f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in
s i x b r o a d in d u str y d iv is io n s :
M a n u fa c tu r in g ; tr a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n ,
a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ; w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a il t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e ,
an d r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v ic e s .
G o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t io n s a n d th e c o n s t r u c t io n
a n d e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s a r e e x c lu d e d . E s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g fe w e r th a n a
p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e a ls o e x c lu d e d b e c a u s e o f in s u f fic ie n t
e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d . A p p e n d ix t a b l e 1 s h o w s th e n u m b e r
o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s e s t i m a t e d to b e w ith in th e s c o p e o f t h i s s u r v e y ,
a s w e ll a s d ie n u m b e r a c t u a lly stu d ie d .
B u r e a u f ie ld r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s o b ta in d a t a b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s a t 3 - y e a r
in te rv a ls.
In e a c h o f th e tw o in t e r v e n in g y e a r s , in f o r m a t io n o n e m p lo y m e n t
a n d o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s o n ly i s c o lle c t e d b y a c o m b in a tio n o f p e r s o n a l v is it ,
m a i l q u e s t io n n a ir e , an d te le p h o n e in te r v ie w fr o m e s t a b lis h m e n t s p a r tic ip a tin g
in d i e p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .
A s a m p l e o f th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y i s s e l e c t e d
f o r s tu d y p r i o r to e a c h p e r s o n a l v i s i t s u r v e y .
T h is s a m p le , l e s s e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w h ic h g o o u t o f b u s i n e s s o r a r e no lo n g e r w ith in th e i n d u s t r i a l
s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y , i s r e t a i n e d f o r th e f o llo w in g tw o a n n u a l s u r v e y s .
In
m o s t c a s e s , e s t a b l i s h m e n t s n e w to th e a r e a a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d in th e s c o p e
o f th e s u r v e y u n til th e s e l e c t i o n o f a s a m p le f o r a p e r s o n a l v i s i t s u r v e y .
T h e s a m p lin g p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d e ta ile d s t r a t if ic a t io n o f a ll e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y in d u s t r y an d
n u m b e r o f e m p lo y e e s .
F ro m
th is s t r a t if ie d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ility s a m p le
i s s e l e c t e d , w ith e a c h e s t a b li s h m e n t h a v in g a p r e d e t e r m in e d c h a n c e o f s e ­
le c tio n .
T o o b ta in o p tim u m a c c u r a c y a t m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r tio n
o f l a r g e th a n s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c te d .
W h en d a ta a r e c o m b in e d ,
e a c h e s t a b lis h m e n t i s w e ig h te d a c c o r d in g to it s p r o b a b ilit y o f s e le c t io n so
th a t u n b ia se d e s t im a t e s a r e g e n e r a te d .
F o r e x a m p le , if o n e o u t o f fo u r
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s e l e c t e d , i t i s g iv e n a w e ig h t o f 4 to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f p l u s
th re e o th e r s.
A n a l t e r n a t e o f t h e s a m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y i s c h o s e n in th e
s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n if d a t a a r e n o t a v a ila b le f r o m th e o r i g i n a l
sa m p le m e m b e r .
If n o s u it a b le s u b s titu te is a v a ila b le , a d d itio n a l w e ig h t is
a s s i g n e d to a s a m p l e m e m b e r t h a t i s s i m i l a r to th e m i s s i n g u n it .
O c c u p a tio n s an d e a r n in g s
tu r in g
O ffic e

O c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s t u d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f m a n u f a c ­
a n d n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g i n d u s t r i e s , an d a r e o f th e f o llo w in g t y p e s :
(1 )
c l e r i c a l ; (2 ) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n ic a l; (3 ) m a in t e n a n c e ,
to o lr o o m ,

and
p o w e r p l a n t ; a n d (4 ) m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t
and c u s t o d ia l.
O c c u p a tio n a l
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d o n a u n if o r m s e t o f j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to ta k e
a c c o u n t o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t
v a r ia tio n
in d u t i e s w ith in th e
sam e
jo b .
O c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r stu d y a r e lis t e d
an d
d e sc r ib e d
in a p p e n d i x B .
U n le s s o th e r w ise
in d ic a te d ,
th e e a r n i n g s d a t a f o llo w in g th e jo b
title s a re
fo r a ll
in d u s t r ie s c o m b in e d .
E a r n i n g s d a t a f o r s o m e o f th e
o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w ith in th e
s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y ,
a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in t h e A - s e r i e s
ta b le s b e c a u se
e i t h e r ( 1 ) e m p l o y m e n t in t h e o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a
to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l
e sta b lish m e n t d a ta .
S e p a r a t e m e n 's a n d w o m e n 's
e a r n in g s d a ta a r e
not
p r e s e n t e d w h e n th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s n o t id e n t ifie d b y s e x i s 2 0 p e r c e n t
o r m o r e o f t h e m e n o r w o m e n i d e n t i f i e d in a n o c c u p a t i o n .
E a r n in g s d a ta
n o t s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e i n c l u d e d in d a t a f o r a l l
in d u s t r ie s c o m b in e d .
L i k e w i s e , f o r o c c u p a t i o n s w ith m o r e th a n o n e l e v e l ,
d a t a a r e in c lu d e d in th e o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n w h e n a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is
n o t s h o w n o r i n f o r m a t i o n to s u b c l a s s i f y i s n o t a v a i l a b l e .
O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t an d e a r n in g s d a t a a r e sh o w n f o r f u ll- t im e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k ly s c h e d u l e .
E a r n in g s
d a t a e x c lu d e p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r tim e an d fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s,
and la te s h if t s .
N o n p r o d u c tio n
b o n u ses
a r e e x c lu d e d ,
but c o st- o f- liv in g
a llo w a n c e s and
in c e n tiv e b o n u s e s a r e in c lu d e d .
W e e k ly h o u r s f o r o f f ic e
c l e r i c a l an d p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s r e f e r to th e s t a n d a r d
w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e
r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s (e x c lu s iv e o f p a y fo r o v e r tim e at r e g u la r
a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) .
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a tio n s a r e
r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e & t h a lf d o l l a r .
V e r t i c a l l i n e s w ith in th e d is t r ib u t io n o f
w o r k e r s o n s o m e A - t a b l e s i n d i c a t e a c h a n g e in t h e s i z e o f t h e c l a s s i n t e r v a l s .
T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e t h e l e v e l o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s in a n a r e a
a t a p a r tic u la r tim e .
C o m p a r is o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
tim e m a y n ot r e fle c t e x p e c te d w a g e c h a n g e s .
T h e a v e r a g e s fo r in d iv id u a l jo b s
a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s a n d e m p l o y m e n t p a t t e r n s .
F o r e x a m p le ,
p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y h ig h - o r lo w - w a g e f i r m s m a y c h a n g e , o r
h ig h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d v a n c e to b e t t e r jo b s a n d b e r e p l a c e d b y n ew
w o r k e r s a t lo w e r r a t e s .
S u c h s h i f t s in e m p lo y m e n t c o u ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u ­
p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e e v e n th o u g h m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in a n a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s
d u r in g th e y e a r .
C h a n g e s i n e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , s h o w n in t a b l e
A - 7 , a r e b e t t e r in d ic a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s th a n a r e
e a r n in g s c h a n g e s fo r
in d iv id u a l jo b s w ith in th e g r o u p s .
A v e ra g e e a r n in g s r e fle c t

c o m p o site ,

a r e a w id e e s t im a t e s .
In d u strie s
s t a f f i n g , an d th u s c o n tr ib u te
a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
j o b s in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .

1
Included in the 72 areas are 2 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas are
a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l a n d jo b
Akron, O hio and Poughkeepsie— ingston-N ew burgh, N .Y .
K
In addition, the Bureau conducts m ore lim ite d area
d if f e r e n t ly to th e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h jo b .
P ay
studies in approxim ately 100 areas at the request o f the Em ploym ent Standards Adm inistration o f the U. S.

D epartm ent o f Labor.



a c c u ra te ly

th e

w age

d iffe r e n tia l

am ong

A v e r a g e pay le v e ls fo r m en and w om en in s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n s should
not be a s su m e d to r e fle c t d iffe r e n c e s in pay o f the se x e s w ithin individu al
esta b lis h m e n ts.
F a c to r s w hich m ay con trib u te to d iffe r e n c e s in clu de p r o ­
g r e s s io n w ithin e sta b lis h e d rate ran ges (on ly the ra te s paid in cu m bents a re
c o lle c te d ) and p e r fo r m a n c e of s p e c ific duties w ithin the g e n e r a l s u r v e y job
d e s c r ip tio n s .
Job d e s c r ip tio n s u sed to c la s s ify e m p lo y e e s in th ese su rv ey s
u su ally a r e m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th ose u sed in in dividu al esta b lish m en ts
and allow fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong esta b lish m en ts in s p e c ific duties
p e r fo rm e d .
O ccu p ation a l em p loym en t e stim a te s r e p re s e n t the total in a ll e s t a b ­
lish m en ts w ithin the s c o p e of the study and not the num ber a ctu a lly su rvey ed .
B eca u se o ccu p a tion *1 stru ctu re s am ong esta b lish m en ts d iffe r , estim a te s of
o ccu p a tion a l em p loy m en t obtained fr o m the sa m p le o f esta b lish m en ts studied
s e r v e on ly to in d icate the r e la tiv e im p o rta n ce o f the jo b s studied.
T h ese
d iffe r e n c e s in o ccu p a tio n a l stru ctu re do not a ffe c t m a te r ia lly the a c c u r a c y o f
the earn in gs data.

P e r ce n t changes fo r in dividu al a r e a s in the p r o g r a m a r e com p u ted
as fo llo w s :
1. A v era g e earn ings are com p u ted f o r e a ch o ccu p a tion fo r
the 2 y ea rs being c o m p a re d .
The a v e r a g e s a re d e r iv e d
fr o m earn ings in th ose e sta b lish m e n ts w hich a r e in
the su rv e y both y e a r s ; it is a s su m e d that em p loym en t
rem ains unchanged.
2.

Each occu pation is a s sig n e d a w eigh t b a sed on its p r o ­
portion ate em ploym ent in the occu p a tion a l grou p in the
ba se y ea r.

3.

T h ese w eights a re u sed to com p u te g rou p a v e r a g e s .
Each o ccu p a tio n 's a v era g e earn in g s (com p u ted in step 1)
is m u ltip lied by its w eight.
The p ro d u cts a r e tota led to
obtain a grou p a v era g e.

4.

The ratio of grou p a v e r a g e s fo r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s is
com puted by dividing the a v e r a g e fo r the c u r re n t y e a r by
the av era g e fo r the e a r lie r y e a r .
The r e s u lt— e x p r e s s e d
as a p ercen t— le s s 100 is the p e r c e n t change.

W age tren ds fo r s e le c t e d occu p a tion a l grou ps
The p e r ce n t in c r e a s e s p re se n te d in ta ble A -7 a r e b a sed on changes
in a v era g e h o u rly earn in g s o f m en and w om en in esta b lish m en ts r e p o rtin g the
tren d job s in both the cu r re n t and p re v io u s y e a r (m a tch ed esta b lish m en ts).
The data a r e ad ju sted to re m o v e the e ffe c ts on a v e r a g e earn in g s o f e m p lo y ­
m ent sh ifts am ong esta b lish m en ts and tu rn ov er . o f e sta b lish m en ts in cluded
in su rv ey s a m p le s.
T h e p e rce n t in c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r, a re still a ffe c te d by
fa c to r s oth er than w age in c r e a s e s .
H irin g s, la y o ffs , and tu r n o v e r m ay a ffe c t
an esta b lish m en t a v e r a g e fo r an occu p a tion when w o r k e r s a re paid under plans
providin g a ran ge o f w age ra tes fo r individu al jo b s .
In p e r io d s o f in c r e a s e d
h irin g , fo r e x a m p le , new e m p lo y e e s m ay en ter at the b ottom o f the ran ge,
d e p re ss in g the a v e ra g e w ithout a change in w age ra tes.
The p e r ce n t changes rela te to w age changes betw een the in d ica ted
da tes.
When the tim e span betw een su rv e y s is oth er than 12 m on th s, annual
rates a re a ls o show n.
(It is a s su m e d that w ages in c r e a s e at a con stan t rate
betw een s u r v e y s .)
O ccup ations u sed to com pu te w age tren d s a r e :
O ffic e c le r i c a l

E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g —
Continued

S e c r e t a r ie s
S te n o g r a p h e rs , s e n io r
S te n o g r a p h e rs , g e n e ra l
T y p is t s , c la s s e s A and B
F ile c le r k s , c la s s e s A ,
B , and C
M essen gers
S w itch b oa rd o p e r a to r s
O rd e r c le r k s , c la s s e s
A and B
A ccou n tin g c le r k s ,
c la s s e s A and B
P a y r o ll c le r k s
K ey en try o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s e s A and B

C om p u ter o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s e s A , B , and C

E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g
C om p u ter sy s te m s analysts,
c la s s e s A , B , and C
C om p u ter p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c la s s e s A , B , and C




In du stria l n u rses
R e g is te r e d in d u stria l
nur s e s
S k illed m ain ten an ce
C a rp en ters
E le c t r ic ia n s
P a in ters
M a ch in ists
M ech a n ics (m a ch in e ry )
M ech a n ics (m o t o r v e h ic le )
P ip e fitte r s
T o o l and die m a k e rs
U n sk illed plant
J a n ito rs, p o r t e r s , and
c le a n e r s
M a teria l handling la b o r e r s

F o r a m o r e d etailed d e s c r ip tio n o f the m eth od u sed to com p u te th ese
w age tr e n d s , see "Im p ro v in g A re a W age S u rvey I n d e x e s ," M onthly L a b or
R ev iew , January 1973, pp. 52 -57 .
A v e ra g e pay relation sh ip s within esta b lish m en ts
R ela tiv e m e a su re s of occu p a tion a l pay a r e p r e s e n te d in ta ble A - 8
fo r w h ite -c o lla r occu p a tion s and in ta b le A - 9 fo r b l u e - c o lla r o ccu p a tio n s.
T h ese r e la tiv e valu es r e fle c t d iffe r e n c e s in pay b etw een occu p a tion s w ithin
in dividu al esta b lish m en ts.
R ela tive pay v alu es a r e com p u ted by dividing an
e sta b lis h m e n t's a v era g e earn ings fo r an occu p a tio n being c o m p a r e d by the
a v e ra g e fo r another occu pation (d esign ated as 100) and m u ltiplyin g the quotient
by 100.
F o r exam ple, if ja n ito rs in a fir m a v e r a g e $4 an hour and fo r k lift
o p e r a to r s $ 5 , fo r k lift o p e r a to rs have a r e la tiv e pay valu e of 125 c o m p a re d
with ja n ito r s . ($ 5 -f $4 = 1.25, x 100 = 125.) In com b in in g the r e la tiv e s of
the in dividu al estab lish m en ts to a r r iv e at an o v e r a ll a v e r a g e , each e s t a b lis h ­
m ent is c o n s id e r e d to have as m any r e la t iv e s as it has w eigh ted w o r k e r s
in the tw o job s being com p a red .
P ay relation sh ips b a sed on o v e r a ll a v e r a g e s m a y d iffe r c o n s id e r a b ly
b e ca u se of the varyin g con trib u tion o f h ig h - and lo w -w a g e esta b lish m en ts to
the a v e r a g e s .
F o r ex a m p le, the o v e r a ll a v e r a g e h o u rly earn in g s fo r fo r k lift
o p e r a to r s m ay be 50 p ercen t m o re than the a v e r a g e fo r ja n ito r s b e c a u se the
a v e ra g e fo r fo rk lift o p e ra to rs m ay be stro n g ly in flu en ced by ea rn in g s in
h igh -w a g e estab lish m en ts w hile the a v e r a g e fo r ja n ito r s m a y be s tro n g ly
in flu en ced by earn in gs in lo w -w a g e e sta b lis h m e n ts .
In su ch a c a s e , the
in tr a -e s ta b lis h m e n t rela tion sh ip w ill in d ica te a m u ch s m a lle r d iffe r e n c e
in ea rn in g s.
E sta b lish m en t p r a c tic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s
T abu lations on s e le c te d e sta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry
w age p r o v is io n s ( B - s e r ie s ta b le s ) a r e not p r e s e n te d in this bu lletin . I n fo r m a ­
tion fo r th ese tabulations is c o lle c te d at 3 -y e a r in te r v a ls .
T h e se tabu lation s
on m in im u m entrance s a la rie s fo r in e x p e r ie n c e d o ffic e w o r k e r s ; sh ift d i f f e r ­
en tia ls; sch ed u led w eek ly hours and d a y s ; paid h o lid a y s ; paid v a c a tio n s ; and
health, in su ra n ce , and p en sion plans a r e p r e s e n te d (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s )
in p re v io u s bu lletin s fo r this a rea .

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied,
Washington, D.C.—Md.—
Va.,1 March 1979
In d u stry d iv is io n 2

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b lis h m e n ts in s c o p e
o f study

N u m ber o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
W ithin s c o p e o f study 4

W ithin s c o p e
o f study *

Studied

Studied
N um ber

P ercen t

ALL ES TA BLISHMENTS
ALL INO UST RY D I V I S I O N S ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------------------------------T R A N S P O R TA TI O N , COMMUNICATION, AND
OTHER P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S 5 ----------------------------------------------WHOLESALE T R A D E6 -------------------------------------------------------R E T A I L T R A D E 6 --------------------------------------------------------------F I N A N C E , IN SUR AN CE, AND REAL E S T A T E 6 -------------S E R V I C E S 6 7 ---------------------------------------------------------------------

1 ,2 2 4

180

390,684

100

184*040

100
-

92
1 ,1 3 2

29
151

29,092
3 6 1 ,5 9 2

7
93

16*615
167*425

100
50
100
50
50

62
119
166
202
583

18
10
30
17
76

48,406
2 1 ,0 6 2
1 2 2 ,5 5 4
46,452
1 2 3 ,1 1 8

12
5
31
12
32

35.453
6*470
76*196
11*692
37.614

LARGE ESTABLISHMENTS
ALL

INDUSTRY D I V I S I O N S ---------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------------------T R A N S P O R TA TI O N , COMMUNICATION, AND
OTHER P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S 5 --------------------------------------WHOLESALE T R A D E6 -------------------------------------------------------R E T A I L TR A O E 6 --------------------------------------------------------------------------F I N A N C E , IN SUR AN CE, AND REAL E S T A T E 6 ---------------SE RV IC ES 6 7-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

-

126

75

2 0 8 ,2 6 0

100

162,178

500
-

10
116

8
67

13,196
1 9 5 ,0 6 4

6
94

1 1 ,8 3 1
150,347

500
500
500
500
500

14
6
33
25
38

10
3
21
9
24

3 7 ,9 3 6
8 ,355
90,506
22,020
36,247

18
4
43
11
l7

33*624
5*769
73,863
10*306
26*785

1 The W ash in gton Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d by the
O ffic e o f M a n a ge m e n t and B u dget through F e b ru a r y 1974, c o n s is t s o f the D is t r ic t
o f C olu m b ia ; the c o u n tie s o f C h a r le s , M o n tg o m e ry , and P r in c e G e o r g e s , M d.; and
A r lin g to n , F a ir f a x , L ou doun, and P r in c e W illia m , V a .; and the c it ie s o f A le x a n d r ia ,
F a ir f a x , and F a lls C h u rch , V a .
The "w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s tu d y" e s tim a te s
p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a te d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r
f o r c e in c lu d e d in the s u r v e y . E stim a te s a re not in ten ded, h o w e v e r , f o r c o m p a r is o n
w ith o th e r s t a t is t ic a l s e r ie s to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tre n d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1)
planning o f w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s e sta b lish m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in
a d va n ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ied , and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts are e x c lu d e d
f r o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 The 1972 e d itio n o f the Standard In d u strial C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u se d
in c la s s ify in g e sta b lis h m e n ts by in d u stry d iv isio n .
A ll g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a tio n s are
e x c lu d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f the su rv e y .
3 In clu d e s a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith total e m p lo y m e n t at o r above the m in im u m
lim it a t io n . A ll o u tle ts (w ithin the a re a ) o f co m p a n ie s in in d u s tr ie s su ch as t r a d e ,




fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v i c e , and m o tio n p ic tu re th ea ters are c o n s id e r e d as one
e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 In clu d es a ll w o r k e r s in a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith tota l em p lo y m e n t (w ithin the
a r e a ) at o r above the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
5 A b b r e v ia te d to " p u b lic u t ilit ie s " in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s .
T a x ic a b s and
s e r v ic e s in c id e n ta l to w a ter tr a n s p o r ta tio n a r e e x c lu d e d . The l o c a l tr a n s it s y s te m
is g o v e r n m e n ta lly o p e r a te d and e x c lu d e d b y d efin ition fr o m the s c o p e o f the study.
6 S ep a ra te data f o r this d iv is io n a r e n ot p r e s e n te d in the A - and B - s e r i e s
ta b le s , but the d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in the " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n on m a n u fa ctu rin g "
e s t im a t e s .
7 H otels and m o t e ls ; la u n d rie s and oth er p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ;
a u to m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n t a l, and p a rk in g ; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip
o r g a n iz a tio n s (e x clu d in g r e lig io u s and ch a r ita b le o r g a n iz a tio n s ); and en g in eerin g
and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .

27

Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r ip t io n s fo r th e B u ­
r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s t o a s s i s t i t s f ie l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s in c l a s s i f y i n g
in r o a p p r o p r i a t e o c c u p a t i o n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p l o y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y
o f p a y r o ll t i t l e s an d d iffe r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s ta b lis h m e n t to
e s t a b lis h m e n t a n d f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m it s g ro u p in g o c c u p a tio n a l
w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t in g c o m p a r a b le jo b c o n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f th is e m ­
p h a s is on in t e r e s ta b lis h m e n t an d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ilit y o f o c c u p a tio n a l
c o n te n t, th e B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d if f e r s ig n if ic a n t ly f r o m t h o s e
in u s e in in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s
a r e in s t r u c t e d to e x c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; a n d p a r t tim e , te m p o r a r y , and p r o b a tio n a ry w o r k e r s .
H a n d ic a p p e d w o r k e r s w h o se
e a r n in g s
are
re d u c e d b e c a u s e o f th e ir
h a n d ic a p a r e
a ls o e x c lu d e d .
L e a r n e r s , b e g i n n e r s , a n d t r a i n e e s , u n l e s s s p e c i f i c a l l y in c lu d e d in th e
jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , a r e e x c lu d e d .

Office
SEC R ETA R Y

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d

A s s ig n e d a s a p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to o n e in d iv id u a l. M a in ­
t a i n s a c lo s e a n d h ig h ly r e s p o n s i v e r e la t io n s h ip to th e d a y - t o - d a y a c t i v i t i e s o f
th e s u p e r v i s o r .
W o r k s f a i r l y in d e p e n d e n tly r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d
s u p e r v is io n an d g u id a n c e .
P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l an d s e c r e t a r i a l d u tie s
r e q u i r i n g a k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e r o u t in e a n d u n d e r s t a n d in g o f th e o r g a n iz a t i o n ,
p r o g r a m s , a n d p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .

E x c lu s io n s - — C o n tin u e d

a.

P o s i t i o n s w h ic h d o n o t
d e sc rib e d ab o v e;

b.

S t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u lly t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l - t y p e d u t ie s ;

c.

S te n o g r a p h e r s s e r v in g a s o ffic e a s s is t a n t s to
fe s s io n a l, te c h n ic a l, o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ;

d.

A s s i s t a n t- t y p e p o s i t io n s w h ic h
e n t a il m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e
r e sp o n s ib le
te c h n ic a l,
a d m in istr a tiv e , o r
su p e r v iso r y
d u tie s
w h ic h a r e n o t t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k , e . g . , A d m in is t r a t iv e
A s s is t a n t , o r E x e c u tiv e A s s is t a n t :




m eet

th e

"p e r so n a l"

se c re ta ry

th e
th e

a

gro u p

concept

of p ro ­

P o s i t i o n s w h ic h d o n o t f it a n y o f th e s i t u a t i o n s l i s t e d in th e
s e c t io n s b e lo w t i t l e d " L e v e l o f S u p e r v i s o r , " e .g ., s e c r e t a r y t o th e
p r e s id e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ;

f.
E x c lu s io n s .
N ot
a ll p o s it io n s
th a t
are
title d
"se c re ta ry "
p o sse ss
above c h a r a c te ristic s.
E x a m p l e s o f p o s i t io n s w h ic h a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m
d e fin itio n a r e a s fo llo w s:

e.

T r a in e e s.

C la s s ific a tio n by L e v e l
S e c r e t a r y j o b s w h ic h m e e t th e r e q u i r e d c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s a r e m a t c h e d
a t o n e o f fiv e le v e ls a c c o r d in g to (a ) th e le v e l o f th e s e c r e t a r y 's s u p e r v i s o r
w ith in th e c o m p a n y 's
o r g a n iz a t io n a l
stru c tu re
a n d , (b ) t h e l e v e l o f t h e
s e c r e t a r y 's r e s p o n s ib ility .
T h e ta b u la tio n fo llo w in g th e e x p la n a tio n s o f th e s e
tw o f a c t o r s in d ic a t e s th e l e v e l o f th e s e c r e t a r y f o r e a c h c o m b in a t io n o f
th e f a c t o r s .
L e v e l o f S e c r e t a r y 's S u p e r v is o r (L S )
L S —1

a.

S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n iz a t io n a l
u n it ( e . g . , f e w e r t h a n a b o u t 2 5 o r 3 0 p e r s o n s ) ; o r

SECRETARY— Continued

SECRETARY— Continued

C lassification by Level-— Continued

Classification by Level— Continued

b.

LS—
2

S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y staff s p e c ia lis t, p r o fe s s io n a l
e m p lo y e e , a d m in istra tiv e o ffic e r o r assistan t, s k ille d tech n icia n
o r ex p ert.
(N O T E : M a n y com p a n ies a ssign ste n o g r a p h e rs ,
ra th e r than s e c r e t a r ie s as d e s c r ib e d above, to this le v e l o f
s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)

a.

S e c r e t a r y to an e x e cu tiv e o r m a n a g eria l p e r s o n w h ose r e s p o n ­
s ib ilit y is not equ iv alen t to one o f the s p e c ific le v e l situ ation s in
the d e fin itio n fo r L S -3 , but w h ose org a n iz a tion a l unit n o rm a lly
n u m b ers at le a s t s e v e r a l dozen em p lo y e e s and is u su a lly d iv id ed
into o r g a n iz a tio n a l seg m en ts w hich are often , in turn, fu rth e r
su b d iv id e d . In so m e co m p a n ie s , this le v e l in clu d es a w ide range
o f o r g a n iz a tio n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o th e r s , on ly on e o r tw o; o r

p o s itio n s . V ic e p r e sid e n ts w h ose p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ility is to act p e rso n a lly
on individu al c a s e s o r tr a n sa ctio n s (e .g ., ap p rov e o r deny individual loan
o r c r e d it a c tio n s ; a d m in iste r in dividu al tru st a cco u n ts ; d ir e c tly s u p e rv ise a
c l e r i c a l staff) a r e not c o n s id e r e d to be " c o r p o r a t e o f f ic e r s " fo r p u rp oses
o f applying the defin ition .

L e v e l o f S e c r e t a r y 's R e s p o n s ib ility (L R )
T his fa c t o r evalu ates the nature o f the w ork relation sh ip betw een
the s e c r e t a r y and the s u p e r v is o r , and the extent to w hich the s e c r e ta r y
is e x p ected to e x e r c is e in itiative and judgm ent.
S e c r e ta r ie s should be
m a tch ed at LR—1 o r LR—2 d e s c r ib e d below a c c o rd in g to th eir le v e l o f
r e s p o n s ib ility .

b.

a.

S e c r e t a r y to the ch a irm a n o f the b oa rd or p r e sid e n t o f a com pa n y
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.

S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f ic e r (oth er than ch a irm a n o f the
b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t) o f a com pany that e m p lo y s , in all, o v e r 100
but fe w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

a. A n sw e r s telep h on es,
com in g m a il.

c.

L S -3

S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an in dividual plant, fa c to r y , e tc ., (o r
och er eq u iv a len t le v e l o f o ffic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in all, fe w e r
than 5, 000 p e r s o n s .

S e c r e t a r y to the head (im m e d ia te ly below the o f f ic e r le v e l) o v e r
e ith e r a m a jo r c o r p o r a te w id e fu nction al activity ( e .g ., m a rk etin g ,
r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t io n s , in du stria l rela tio n s , e tc .) o r a m a jo r
g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a tio n a l segm en t (e .g ., a r e g io n a l h eadq u a r­
t e r s ; a m a jo r d iv is io n ) o f a com pan y that e m p lo y s , in all, o v e r
5, 000 but fe w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p lo y e e s ; o r

b.

A n sw e r s teleph on e r eq u ests w hich have standard an sw ers.
r e p ly to re q u e sts by sending a fo r m le tte r.

c.

R ev iew s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m em ora n d a, and re p o rts p rep a red by
oth ers fo r the s u p e r v is o r ' s sign atu re to en su re p r o ce d u r a l and
ty p o g ra p h ica l a c c u r a c y .

d.

M aintains s u p e r v is o r ' s ca len d a r
in stru cted .

e.

T y p e s, takes and tr a n s c r ib e s d icta tion , and file s .

d.

LS—
4

S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an in dividual plant, fa c to r y , e t c ., (o r
oth er eq u iv a len t le v e l o f o ffic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in all, o v e r
5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

e.

LR—1. P e r fo r m s v a r ie d s e c r e t a r ia l duties including o r com p a ra b le
to m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :

S e c r e t a r y to the head o f a la r g e and im portan t o rg a n iz a tio n a l
se g m e n t ( e .g ., a m id d le m a n a gem en t s u p e r v is o r o f an o r g a n i­
za tio n a l se g m e n t often in volvin g as many as s e v e r a l hundred
p e r s o n s ) o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in all, o v e r 25, 000 p e r s o n s .

g re e ts

p e r s o n a l c a lle r s ,

and

m akes

and opens

in ­

May

appointm ents as

LR—2. P e r fo r m s duties d e s c r ib e d under LR—1 and, in addition
p e r fo r m s tasks r e q u irin g g re a te r ju dgm en t, in itia tiv e, and kn ow l­
edge o f o ffic e fu n ction s including or c om p a ra b le to m ost o f the
fo llow in g :

a.

S e c r e t a r y to the ch a irm a n o f the b oa rd o f p r e s id e n t o f a com pan y
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but few er than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.

S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f ic e r (oth er than the ch a irm a n o f the
b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t) o f a com pan y that e m p lo y s , in all, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0
but fe w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

a.

c.

S e c r e t a r y to the h ead, im m e d ia te ly below the c o r p o r a t e o f f ic e r
le v e l, o f a m a jo r seg m en t o r su b sid ia ry o f a com p a n y that
e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

b. A n sw e r s re q u e sts w h ich r e q u ir e a d eta iled know ledge o f o f ­
f ic e p r o c e d u r e s o r c o lle c t io n o f in form a tion fr o m file s o r
oth er o ffic e s .
M ay sign rou tin e c o r r e s p o n d e n c e in own or
s u p e r v is o r ' s nam e.

N O T E : T h e te r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f ic e r " used in the above LS d efin ition
r e fe r s to th ose o f f i c i a l s w ho have a sig n ifica n t c o rp o r a te w id e p olicy m a k in g
r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r c om p a n y a c tiv it ie s . The title " v ic e p r e s id e n t, "
though n o r m a lly in d ic a tiv e o f this r o le , d o e s not in all c a s e s iden tify such




c.

29

S creen s
can be
o ffic e s .

teleph on e and p e r s o n a l c a lle r s , determ ining w hich
handled by the s u p e r v is o r ' s su bordin ates o r other

C o m p ile s o r a s s is t s in com p ilin g p e r io d ic r e p o rts on the b a sis
o f g e n e r a l in stru ctio n s.

SEC RETAR Y— C ontinued
d.

STENOGRAPHER— Continued

S ch edu les ten ta tiv e ap poin tm en ts w ithout p r io r c le a r a n c e .
A s­
s e m b le s n e c e s s a r y b a ck g rou n d m a te r ia l fo r sch ed u led m eetin g s.
M akes a rra n g e m e n ts fo r m eetin g s and c o n fe r e n c e s .

e. E xplain s s u p e r v is o r 's re q u ire m e n ts to oth er e m p lo y e e s in s u p e r ­
v is o r ' s unit. (A ls o ty p es, takes d icta tion , and file s .)

The fo llo w in g tabu lation sh ow s the le v e l o f the s e c r e t a r y fo r each
LS and LR com b in a tion .
L evel of se cre ta ry ' s
_____ s u p e r v is o r ______

S ten og rap h er, G en eral. D ictation in v o lv e s a n o r m a l rou tin e v o ca b u la r y . M ay
m ain tain f ile s , keep sim p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r fo r m oth er r e la t iv e ly routine
c l e r i c a l ta sk s.

TRA N SC RIBIN G -M AC H IN E TY PIST
P r im a r y duty is to type c o p y o f v o ic e r e c o r d e d d icta tion w h ich d o e s
not in v olv e v a ried te ch n ica l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such as that u sed in
le g a l b r ie fs o r r e p o rts on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h . M ay a ls o type fr o m w ritten
cop y . M ay m aintain file s , keep sim p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r fo r m oth er r e la t iv e ly
rou tin e c le r i c a l tasks.
(See S ten og rap h er d efin ition f o r w o r k e r s in volved
w ith sh orth an d dictation .)

L e v e l o f s e c r e t a r y ' s r e s p o n s ib ility
T Y P IST
LR—1
C la s s
C la s s
C la ss
C la ss

LS—1
LS—
2
LS—
3
LS—
4

E
D
C
B

LR—2
C la s s
C la s s
C la ss
C la ss

D
C
B
A

STEN O G R APH ER
P r im a r y duty is to take d icta tion using sh orth an d, and to tr a n ­
s c r ib e the d icta tion . M ay a lso type fr o m w ritten cop y . M ay o p e ra te fr o m a
sten og ra p h ic p o o l. M ay o c c a s io n a lly tr a n s c r ib e fr o m v o ic e r e c o r d in g s (if
p r im a r y duty is tr a n s c r ib in g fr o m r e c o r d in g s , s e e T r a n s c r ib in g -M a c h in e
T y p ist).
N O T E : T h is jo b is d istin g u ish ed fr o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e ta r y n o r m a lly w o rk s in a c o n fid e n tia l re la tio n s h ip w ith on ly one m a n ­
a g er o r e x e cu tiv e and p e r fo r m s m o r e r e s p o n s ib le and d is c r e tio n a r y tasks
as d e s c r ib e d in the s e c r e t a r y jo b d efin ition .

U ses a ty p ew riter to m ake c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a te r ia ls o r to m ake
out b ills a fter ca lcu la tion s have been m a de b y an oth er p e r s o n . M ay in clu de
typing o f s te n c ils , m a ts, o r s im ila r m a te r ia ls f o r u se in du plicatin g
p rocesses.
May do c le r i c a l w ork in volvin g little s p e c ia l tra in in g , su ch
as keepin g sim ple r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r so rtin g and
d istrib u tin g in com in g m a il.
C la s s A . P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : T ypin g m a te r ia l
in fin a l fo r m when it in volves com b in in g m a te r ia l fr o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ;
o r r e s p o n s ib ility fo r c o r r e c t sp ellin g , sy lla b ica tio n , punctuation, e tc ., o f
te c h n ic a l o r unusual w ord s or fo r e ig n language m a te r ia l; o r planning la y ­
out and typing o f c o m p lica te d s t a tis tic a l ta b les to m a in tain u n ifo r m ity and
b a la n ce in spacing. M ay type rou tin e fo r m le t te r s , v a ry in g d e ta ils to su it
c ir c u m s t a n c e s .
C la s s B . P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : C op y typing fr o m
rough o r c le a r d r a fts ; o r routine typing o f fo r m s , in su r a n ce p o lic ie s , e t c .;
o r settin g up sim ple standard ta b u la tion s; o r cop y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b les
a lre a d y se t up and sp a ced p r o p e rly .
F IL E C L E R K

S ten ograph er, S en ior.
D icta tion in v o lv e s a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d
v o ca b u la ry su ch as in le g a l b r ie fs o r r e p o r ts on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h . M ay
a ls o se t up and m ain tain f ile s , k eep r e c o r d s , etc.
OR
P e r fo r m s s te n o g ra p h ic d u ties req u irin g sig n ific a n tly g r e a te r in d e ­
pen den ce and r e s p o n s ib ility than sten og ra p h er, g e n e r a l, as ev id en ced by the
fo llo w in g : W ork r e q u ir e s a high d e g r e e o f sten og ra p h ic sp eed and a c c u r a c y ;
a through w ork in g k n ow led ge o f g e n e r a l b u sin ess and o ffic e p r o c e d u r e ; and
o f the s p e c ific b u sin ess o p e r a tio n s , org a n iz a tion , p o lic ie s , p r o c e d u r e s , file s ,
w ork flow , etc.
U ses th is k n ow led ge in p e r fo r m in g sten og ra p h ic du ties and
r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l ta sk s su ch as m aintaining follow u p f i l e s ; a s se m b lin g
m a te r ia l f o r r e p o r t s , m em ora n d a , and le t te r s ; c o m p o s in g s im p le le tte r s
fr o m g e n e r a l in s tru ctio n s ; readin g and routing in com in g m a il; and an sw erin g
routine q u estion s, etc.




F ile s , c la s s ifie s , and r e t r ie v e s m a te r ia l in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g
sy ste m . M ay p e r fo r m c le r i c a l and m anual ta sk s r e q u ir e d to m ain tain file s .
P o s itio n s a r e c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d efin ition s.
C la s s A . C la s s ifie s and in d ex es file m a te r ia l su ch as c o r r e s p o n d ­
en ce, r e p o r t s , tech n ica l d ocu m en ts, e tc ., in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g s y s te m
con tain in g a num ber o f v a rie d
su b je ct m a tte r f ile s .
M ay a ls o file this
m a te r ia l. M ay keep r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p es in con ju n ction w ith the file s .
M ay lea d a sm a ll grou p o f lo w e r le v e l file c le r k s .

C la s s B. S o rts, c o d e s , and file s u n c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l b y sim p le
(s u b je c t m a tter) h eadings o r p a rtly c la s s ifi e d m a te r ia l by fin e r su bh eadin gs.
P r e p a r e s sim p le rela ted index and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e aids. A s req u ested ,
lo c a te s c le a r ly id en tified m a te r ia l in file s and fo r w a r d s m a te r ia l. M ay
p e r fo r m related c le r i c a l tasks r e q u ir e d to m a in tain and s e r v ic e file s .

FILE CLERK— Continued

ORDER CLERK— Continued

C la ss C . P e r fo r m s rou tin e filin g o f m a te r ia l that has a lrea d y been
c la s s ifi e d o r w h ich is e a s ily c la s s ifie d in a sim ple s e r ia l c la s s ific a t io n
sy ste m ( e .g ., a lp h a b e tica l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r n u m e ric a l). A s re q u e ste d ,
lo c a t e s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a te r ia l in file s and fo rw a rd s m a te r ia l; and m a y
fill out w ith d ra w a l c h a r g e . M ay p e r fo r m sim p le c le r ic a l and m anual tasks
r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v ic e file s .

P o s itio n s
d efin ition s:

are

c la s s ifie d

into

le v e ls

a c co rd in g

to

the

follow in g

M ESSENGER

C la ss A . H andles o r d e r s that in volve m aking judgm ents such as
ch o o s in g w hich s p e c ific p rod u ct o r m a te r ia l fr o m the esta b lish m en t's produ ct
lin es w ill sa tis fy the c u s t o m e r 's n eeds, o r d eterm in in g the p r ic e to be quoted
when p r ic in g in v olv es m o r e than m e r e ly r e fe r r in g to a p r ic e lis t o r m aking
so m e sim p le m a th em a tica l c a lc u la tio n s .

P e r fo r m s v a r io u s rou tin e duties such as running e r ra n d s , op era tin g
m in o r o ffic e m a ch in e s such as s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , opening and d istrib u tin g
m a il, and oth e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w ork .
E x clu de p o s itio n s that r e q u ire
o p e r a tio n o f a m o t o r v e h ic le as a sig n ifica n t duty.

C la ss B . H andles o r d e r s in volvin g item s w hich have read ily id en ­
tifie d u ses and a p p lica tion s. M ay r e fe r to a ca ta lo g , m a n u fa ctu re r's m anual,
o r s im ila r d ocu m en t to in su re that p r o p e r item is supplied o r to v e rify
p r ic e o f o r d e r e d item .
ACCOUNTING C LE RK

SW ITCH BO ARD O P E R A T O R

P e r fo r m s one or m o r e accoun tin g c le r i c a l tasks such as posting to
r e g is t e r s and le d g e r s ; r e c o n c ilin g bank a ccou n ts; v e rify in g the internal con­
s is te n c y , c o m p le te n e s s , and m a th em a tica l a c c u r a c y o f accounting docum ents;
assign in g p r e s c r ib e d accoun tin g d istrib u tion c o d e s ; exam ining and verify in g
fo r c le r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a riou s types o f r e p o r t s , lis ts , ca lcu la tion s, postin g,
e tc .; o r p rep a rin g s im p le o r a s sistin g in p rep a rin g m o r e com p lica ted jou rn a l
vou ch ers.
M ay w ork in eith er a m anual o r autom ated accounting sy stem .

O p e ra te s a telep h on e sw itch b oa rd o r c o n s o le u sed with a p riv a te
b ra n ch e x ch a n ge (P B X ) sy ste m to r e la y in com in g, ou tgoing, and in tra s y s te m
c a lls . M ay p r o v id e in fo rm a tio n to c a lle r s , r e c o r d and tra n sm it m e s s a g e s ,
k eep r e c o r d o f c a lls p la ce d and to ll c h a rg e s . B esid es op era tin g a teleph on e
sw itch b o a rd o r c o n s o le , m a y a lso type o r p e r fo r m rou tin e c le r i c a l w ork
(typin g o r rou tin e c l e r i c a l w o rk m a y o c cu p y the m a jo r p o r tio n o f the w o r k e r 's
tim e , and is u su a lly p e r fo r m e d w h ile at the sw itch boa rd o r c o n s o le ). C h ief
o r lea d o p e r a t o r s in e sta b lis h m e n ts em p loyin g m o r e than one o p e r a t o r are
e x clu d e d . F o r an o p e r a t o r who also acts as a re ce p tio n ist, s e e S w itch board
O p e r a t o r -R e c e p t io n is t .

The w ork r e q u ir e s a k n ow ledge o f c le r i c a l m eth od s and o ffic e p r a c ­
tic e s and p r o c e d u r e s w hich r e la te s to the c le r i c a l p r o c e s s in g and r e co rd in g
o f tra n sa ctio n s and accou n tin g in fo rm a tio n . With e x p e rie n c e , the w ork er
ty p ic a lly b e c o m e s fa m ilia r with the book k eepin g and accounting te rm s and
p r o c e d u r e s u sed in the a ssign ed w ork , but is not req u ired to have a know ledge
o f the fo r m a l p r in c ip le s o f book k eepin g and accoun tin g.

SW ITCH BO AR D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T

P o s itio n s are c la s s ifie d
d efin ition s:

A t a s in g le -p o s it io n telephon e sw itch b oa rd or c o n s o le , acts both as
an o p e r a t o r — s e e S w itch b oa rd O p era tor— and as a r e c e p t io n is t . R e c e p ­
t io n is t 's w o rk in v o lv e s such d u ties as g reetin g v is it o r s ; d eterm in in g nature
o f v i s i t o r 's b u s in e s s and p r o v id in g ap p rop ria te in form a tion ; r e fe r r in g v is it o r
to a p p ro p r ia te p e r s o n in the org a n iz a tion o r contactin g that p e r s o n by te le ­
phone and a rra n g in g an appointm ent; keeping a log of v is it o r s .

le v e ls on

the b a sis o f the follow in g

C la ss A . U nder g e n e ra l su p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s accounting c le r ic a l
o p e ra tio n s w hich r e q u ire the ap p lica tion o f e x p e rie n c e and judgm ent, fo r
ex a m p le, c le r i c a lly p r o c e s s in g c o m p lica te d o r n on repetitive accounting
tr a n s a ctio n s , s e le ctin g am ong a su bstantial v a rie ty o f p r e s c r ib e d accounting
c o d e s and c la s s ific a t io n s , o r tra cin g tra n sa ctio n s through p reviou s ac­
counting action s to d e te rm in e s o u r c e o f d is c r e p a n c ie s . M ay be a ssisted by
one o r m o r e c la s s B accoun tin g c le r k s .

O R D E R C LE R K
R e c e iv e s w ritten o r v e r b a l c u s to m e r s ' p u rch a se o r d e r s fo r m a te r ia l
o r m e r c h a n d is e fr o m c u s to m e r s o r sa le s p e o p le . W ork ty p ic a lly in v olv es
so m e c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g du ties: Quoting p r ic e s ; d eterm in in g
a v a ila b ility o f o r d e r e d ite m s and su ggestin g su bstitu tes when n e c e s s a r y ;
a d v isin g e x p e cte d d e liv e r y date and m ethod o f d e liv e r y ; r e c o r d in g o r d e r and
c u s to m e r in fo rm a tio n on o r d e r sh eets; ch eck in g o r d e r sh eets fo r a c c u r a c y
and ad equ acy o f in fo rm a tio n r e c o r d e d ; a scerta in in g c r e d it rating o f c u s to m e r ;
fu rn ish in g c u s to m e r w ith a ck n ow led gem en t o f r e c e ip t o f o r d e r ; fo llo w in g up
to s e e that o r d e r is d e liv e r e d by the s p e c ifie d date or to le t c u s to m e r know
o f a d e la y in d e liv e r y ; m ain tain in g o r d e r file ; ch eck in g shipping in v o ice
a g a in st o r ig in a l o r d e r .

C la ss B . U nder c lo s e su p e r v is io n , follow in g detailed in stru ction s
and stan d ard ized p r o c e d u r e s , p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e routine accounting c l e r ­
ic a l o p e r a tio n s , such as postin g to le d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w ork sh eets w here
id en tifica tion o f item s and lo c a tio n s o f p ostin g s are c le a r ly indicated;
ch eck in g a c c u r a c y and c o m p le te n e s s o f sta n d a rd ized and rep etitiv e r e c o r d s
o r accou n tin g d o cu m e n ts; and codin g d ocu m en ts using a few p r e s c r ib e d
a ccou n tin g c o d e s .
BO O K K E E PIN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p era tes a book k eepin g m a ch in e (with o r w ithout a ty p ew riter k ey­
b oa rd ) to k eep a r e c o r d o f b u sin e s s tr a n s a ctio n s .

E x clu d e w o r k e r s paid on a c o m m is s io n b a sis o r w h ose du ties in­
clu d e any o f the fo llo w in g : R e c e iv in g o r d e r s fo r s e r v ic e s ra th er than fo r
m a te r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e ; p ro v id in g c u s to m e r s with con su lta tiv e a d v ice using
k n ow led g e g a in ed fr o m en g in eerin g o r ex ten siv e tech n ica l tra in in g ; em pha­
siz in g s e llin g s k ills ; handling m a te r ia l o r m e rch a n d ise as an in teg ra l p a rt
o f the jo b .




into

C la ss A . K eep s a set o f r e c o r d s req u irin g a know ledge o f and
e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic b ook k eepin g p r in c ip le s , and fa m ilia r ity with the stru ctu re
o f the p a rticu la r accou n tin g sy stem u se d . D e te rm in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d is trib u tio n o f d eb it and c r e d it item s to be u sed in each phase o f the w ork .
M ay p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b a la n ce sh e e ts , and oth er r e c o r d s by hand.

31

BOOKKEEPING - MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

KEY ENTRY OPERATOR— Continued

C la ss B.
K eeps a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e ph ases o r se c tio n s o f a
set o f r e c o r d s u su a lly req u irin g little kn ow ledge o f b a s ic b ook k eepin g.
P h ases o r se c tio n s in clu d e a cco u n ts p a y a b le, p a y r o ll, c u s t o m e r s ' a ccou n ts
(not including a s im p le type o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d under m a ch in e b i lle r ), c o s t
d istrib u tion , ex p en se d is trib u tio n , in v en tory c o n t r o l, etc.
M ay c h e ck or
a s s is t in p r e p a r a tio n o f t r ia l b a la n ce s and p r e p a r e c o n tr o l sh eets fo r the
accou n tin g departm en t.

N O TE: E xcluded a re o p e r a t o r s ab ov e c la s s A using the key en try
c o n t r o ls to a c c e s s , rea d , and evalu ate the su b sta n ce o f s p e c ific r e c o r d s to
take substantive a c tio n s , o r to m ake e n tr ie s r e q u irin g a s im ila r le v e l o f
know ledge.

M ACHINE B IL L E R
P r e p a r e s sta tem en ts, b i lls , and in v o ic e s on a m a ch in e oth er than
an o rd in a ry o r e le c tr o m a tic ty p e w rite r . M ay a ls o keep r e c o r d s as to b illin g s
o r shipping ch a rg e s o r p e r fo r m oth er c l e r i c a l w o rk in cid en tal' to b illin g
o p era tion s.
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , m a ch in e b ille r s a r e c la s s ifie d by
type o f m a ch in e , as fo llo w s :
B illin g -m a c h in e b ille r . U ses a s p e c ia l b illin g m a ch in e (com b in a tion
typing and adding m a c h in e ) to p r e p a r e b ills and in v o ice s fr o m c u s t o m e r s 1
p u rch a se o r d e r s , in te rn a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , shipping m e m o ra n d a , etc.
U sually in v o lv e s a p p lic a tio n o f p r e d e te r m in e d d iscou n ts and shipping ch a rg e s
and en try o f n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w hich m a y o r m ay not be com p u ted on
the b illin g m a ch in e , and totals w hich a r e a u to m a tica lly a ccu m u la ted by
m ach in e.
T h e o p e r a tio n u su a lly in v o lv e s a la r g e num ber of, c a r b o n c o p ie s
o f the b ill being p r e p a r e d and is often done on a fa n fold m a ch in e.
B o o k k e e p in g -m a ch in e b i lle r .
U ses a book k eepin g m a ch in e (with or
without a ty p e w rite r k ey b oa rd ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s 1 b ills as pa rt o f the
a ccou n ts r e c e iv a b le op era tion .
G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s the sim u lta n eou s en try
of f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ’ le d g e r r e c o r d .
The m a ch in e a u tom a tica lly
a ccu m u la tes fig u r e s on a n um ber of v e r t ic a l colu m n s and com p u tes and
u su ally p rin ts a u to m a tica lly the debit o r c r e d it b a la n c e s. D oes not in v olv e a
know ledge o f book k eep in g . W orks fr o m u n ifo rm and standard types o f sa les
and c r e d it s lip s .
PAYRO LL CLERK
P e r fo r m s the c l e r i c a l ta sk s n e c e s s a r y to p r o c e s s p a y r o lls and to
m aintain p a y r o ll r e c o r d s . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g * P r o c e s s in g
w o r k e r s 1 tim e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; adju sting w o r k e r s 1 r e c o r d s fo r changes
in w age r a t e s , su p p lem en ta ry b e n e fits , or tax d e d u ction s; editing p a y r o ll
listin g s a g a in st s o u r c e r e c o r d s ; tr a c in g and c o r r e c t in g e r r o r s in lis tin g s ;
and a s s is tin g in p r e p a r a tio n o f p e r io d ic su m m a ry p a y r o ll r e p o r t s . In a n on autom ated p a y r o ll s y s t e m , com p u tes w a g es. W ork m a y r e q u ir e a p r a c tic a l
know ledge o f g o v e rn m e n ta l re g u la tio n s , com p a n y p a y r o ll p o lic y , o r the
com p u ter s y s te m fo r p r o c e s s in g p a y r o lls .
KEY E N T R Y O P E R A T O R
O p era tes k e y b o a r d -c o n t r o lle d data en try d e v ic e su ch as keypunch
m ach in e o r k e y -o p e r a te d m a gn etic tape o r d isk e n co d e r to tr a n s c r ib e
data into a fo r m su itab le fo r com p u ter p r o c e s s in g . W ork r e q u ir e s s k ill in
operatin g an a lp h a n u m eric k ey b oa rd and an u nderstanding o f tr a n s c r ib in g
p r o ce d u r e s and re le v a n t data en try equipm ent.
P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s :

are

c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the b a sis o f the fo llo w in g

C la ss A . W ork s r e q u ir e s the a p p lica tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju dgm en t
in s e le ctin g p r o c e d u r e s to be fo llo w e d and in se a rch in g f o r , in te rp re tin g ,
se le ctin g , o r cod in g ite m s to be e n tered fr o m a v a r ie ty o f s o u r c e d ocu m en ts.
On o c c a s io n m ay a ls o p e r fo r m rou tin e w o rk as d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s B.




C lass B. W ork is routine and r e p e titiv e . U nder c lo s e s u p e r v is io n
o r follow in g s p e c ific p r o ce d u r e s o r d e ta ile d in s tr u c tio n s , w ork s fr o m
v a r io u s stan dardized s o u r c e d ocu m en ts w h ich have been co d e d and re q u ire
little o r no s e le ctin g , cod in g , o r in te rp re tin g o f data to be en tered . R e fe r s
to s u p e r v is o r p ro b le m s a risin g fr o m e r r o n e o u s it e m s , c o d e s , o r m is s in g
in form a tion .

Professional and Technical
C O M P U T E R SYSTEMS A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS
A n alyzes b u sin ess p r o b le m s to fo r m u la te p r o c e d u r e s fo r solvin g
th em by u se of e le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g equ ipm ent. D ev elop s a c o m p le te
d e s c r ip tio n of a ll sp e cifica tio n s n eeded to en able p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
re q u ire d digital com p u ter p r o g r a m s . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
A n a ly zes su b je ct-m a tte r op era tion s to be au tom ated and id e n tifie s con d ition s
and c r it e r ia req u ired to ach iev e s a t is fa c t o r y r e s u lts ; s p e c ifie s n um ber and
types o f r e c o r d s , file s , and d ocu m en ts to be u sed ; ou tlin es a ctio n s to be
p e r fo r m e d by p erson n el and c o m p u te rs in su ffic ie n t d eta il fo r p re se n ta tio n
to m anagem ent and fo r p rog ra m m in g (ty p ic a lly this in v o lv e s p r e p a r a tio n o f
w o rk and data flow c h a rts ); co o rd in a te s the d ev elop m en t o f te s t p r o b le m s and
p a rticip a te s in tr ia l runs of new and r e v is e d s y s t e m s ; and re co m m e n d s
equipm ent changes to obtain m o r e e ffe c t iv e o v e r a ll o p e r a tio n s . (N O T E :
W o rk e rs p e rfo rm in g both sy stem s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g sh ou ld be c l a s ­
s ifie d as sy stem s an alysts if this is the s k ill u sed to d e te rm in e th e ir p a y.)
D oes not in clude em p loy ees p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le fo r the m a n a g e ­
m ent or s u p e rv isio n of other e le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r s y s ­
tem s an alysts p r im a r ily c o n ce rn e d w ith s c ie n tific or e n g in eerin g p r o b le m s .
F or

w age

study

pu rposes,

s y s te m s

a n a lysts

are

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :
C lass A. W orks independently o r u nder on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
c o m p le x p ro b le m s in volvin g a ll p h a ses o f s y s te m s a n a ly s is.
P r o b le m s a r e
c o m p le x b eca u se o f d iv e r s e s o u r c e s o f input data and m u lt ip le -u s e r e q u ir e ­
m ents o f output data.
(F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in teg ra ted p ro d u ctio n
sch ed u lin g, in ven tory c o n tro l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and sa le s a n a ly sis r e c o r d in
w hich e v e r y item o f each type is a u to m a tica lly p r o c e s s e d th rough the fu ll
sy s te m o f r e c o r d s and a p p rop ria te follow u p a ctio n s a re in itiated by the
c o m p u te r .) C on fers with p erson s c o n c e r n e d to d e te rm in e the data p r o c e s s in g
p r o b le m s and a d vises su b je c t-m a tte r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s o f new
o r r e v is e d sy stem s of data p r o c e s s in g o p e r a tio n s . M akes r e c o m m e n d a tio n s ,
if n eed ed , fo r a p p rov a l o f m a jo r s y s te m s in sta lla tio n s o r ch a n ges and fo r
obtain in g equipm ent.
M ay p rovid e fu nction al d ir e c tio n
w ho a r e a ssig n ed to a s s is t.

to lo w e r le v e l s y s te m s an alysts

C lass B. W orks independently o r under on ly g e n e ra l d ir e c tio n on
p r o b le m s that a re r e la tiv e ly u n c o m p lica te d to a n a ly z e , plan, p r o g r a m , and
o p e r a te . P ro b le m s a re o f lim ited c o m p le x it y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input data
a r e h om og en eou s and the output data a r e c lo s e ly rela ted .
(F o r e x a m p le ,

COMPUTER SYSTEMS AN A LYST, BUSINESS— Continued
d e v e lo p s s y s te m s fo r m a in tain in g d e p o s ito r accounts in a bank, m aintaining
a ccou n ts r e c e iv a b le in a r e ta il estab lish m en t, o r m aintaining in ven tory
accou n ts in a m a n u fa ctu rin g o r w h olesa le estab lish m en t.) C o n fe rs with p e r ­
son s c o n c e r n e d to d e te r m in e the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and ad vises
s u b je c t -m a tte r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lica tion s o f the data p r o c e s s in g sy stem s
to be applied.
OR
W o rk s on a seg m en t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s in g sch em e or
s y s te m , as d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A . W ork s independently on routine a s sig n ­
m en ts and r e c e iv e s in stru ctio n and guidance on c o m p le x a ssig n m en ts. W ork
is re v ie w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju dgm en t, co m p lia n ce with in stru ctio n s, and to
in su re p r o p e r align m en t w ith the o v e r a ll sy ste m .
C la ss C . W ork s u nder im m edia te su p erv ision , c a r r y in g out analy­
se s as a s sig n e d , u su a lly o f a sin g le activity. A ssig n m en ts are d esig n ed to
d e v e lo p and expand p r a c t ic a l e x p e rie n c e in the application o f p r o c e d u r e s and
sk ills r e q u ir e d fo r s y s te m s a n alysis w o rk . F o r ex am p le, m a y a s s is t a h igh er
le v e l s y s te m s an alyst by p re p a rin g the d etailed s p e cifica tio n s r e q u ire d by
p r o g r a m m e r s fr o m in fo rm a tio n d ev elop ed by the h igh er le v e l an alyst.
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS
C o n v e rts sta tem en ts o f b u sin ess p r o b le m s , ty p ica lly p r e p a r e d by a
s y s te m s a n alyst, into a seq u en ce o f detailed in stru ction s w hich are req u ired
to so lv e the p r o b le m s by au tom atic data p r o c e s s in g equipm ent. W orkin g fr o m
ch a rts o r d ia g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d ev elop s the p r e c is e in stru ction s w hich ,
w hen e n te r e d into the c o m p u te r sy stem in cod ed language, ca u se the m anipu ­
la tion o f data to a c h ie v e d e s ir e d r e s u lts . W ork in volves m o s t o f the
fo llo w in g : A p p lie s k n ow led ge o f com p u ter ca p a b ilitie s , m a th e m a tics, lo g ic
e m p lo y e d by c o m p u te r s , and p a rticu la r su b ject m a tter in volved to analyze
ch a rts and d ia g r a m s o f the p r o b le m to be p ro g ra m m e d ; d ev elop s seq u en ce o f
p r o g r a m ste p s; w r it e s d e ta ile d flow ch a rts to show o r d e r in w hich data w ill
be p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s th e se ch a rts to coded in stru ction s fo r m a ch in e to
fo llo w ; te s ts and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in stru ction s fo r op eratin g
p e r s o n n e l du ring p r o d u c tio n run; a n a lyzes, r e v ie w s, and a lte rs p r o g r a m s to
in c r e a s e o p e ra tin g e ffic ie n c y o r adapt to new re q u ire m e n ts; m ain tains r e ­
c o r d s o f p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t and r e v is io n s . (N O TE: W o r k e rs p e r fo rm in g
both s y s te m s a n a ly sis and p ro g ra m m in g should be c la s s ifie d as sy ste m s
an alysts if this is the s k ill u sed to d eterm in e th eir pay.)
D o e s not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily re s p o n s ib le fo r the m a n a ge­
m en t o r s u p e r v is io n o f oth e r e le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o ­
g r a m m e r s p r im a r ily c o n c e r n e d with s c ie n tific a n d /o r en gin eerin g p r o b le m s .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , p r o g r a m m e r s are c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :
C la s s A . W o r k s independently o r under only g e n e ra l d ir e c tio n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s w h ich r e q u ir e com p e te n ce in all p h a ses o f p rog ra m m in g
c o n c e p ts and p r a c t ic e s . W ork in g fr o m d ia gra m s and ch a rts w hich iden tify
the nature o f d e s ir e d r e s u lt s , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g steps to be a c c o m p lis h e d ,
and the re la tio n s h ip s b etw een v a riou s steps o f the p ro b le m solvin g rou tin e;
plans the fu ll ran ge o f p r o g r a m m in g action s needed to e ffic ie n tly u tilize the
c o m p u te r s y s te m in a ch ie v in g d e s ir e d end p ro d u c ts .




COMPUTER PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS— Continued
A t this le v e l, p rog ra m m in g is d ifficu lt b e ca u se com pu ter equipm ent
m u st be o rg a n iz e d to p rod u ce s e v e r a l in te r re la te d but d iv e r s e products fr o m
n um erou s and d iv e r s e data elem en ts. A w ide v a r ie ty and exten sive num ber
o f in tern a l p r o c e s s in g a ction s m u st o c c u r .
T h is r e q u ire s such action s as
dev elop m en t o f c o m m o n op era tion s w hich can be re u s e d , establishm ent of
lin kage points betw een o p e ra tio n s , ad ju stm ents to data when p ro g ra m r e ­
q u irem en ts e x ce e d com p u ter sto ra g e c a p a city , and substantial m anipulation
and r e se q u e n cin g o f data elem en ts to fo r m a highly in tegrated program .
M ay p ro v id e fu n ction al d ir e c tio n to lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r s who
a r e a s sig n e d to a s s is t.
C lass B . W orks independently or under on ly g en era l d ir e c tio n on
r e la tiv e ly sim p le p r o g r a m s , o r on sim p le segm en ts o f c o m p le x p rog ra m s.
P r o g r a m s (o r seg m en ts) u su a lly p r o c e s s in form a tion to p rod u ce data in two
o r th ree v a r ie d seq u en ces o r fo r m a ts. R ep orts and listin g s a re p rodu ced by
refin in g , adapting, a r r a y in g , o r m aking m in or additions to or deletion s fr o m
input data w hich a re r e a d ily a v a ila b le. W hile n um erou s r e c o r d s m ay be
p r o c e s s e d , the data have been r efin ed in p r io r a ction s so that the a c c u r a c y
and seq u en cin g o f data can be tested by using a few routine ch eck s.
T y p ic a lly , the p r o g r a m d e a l s w ith routine reco rd k e e p in g operation s.
OR
W ork s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (as d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A ) under c lo s e
d ir e c tio n o f a h igh er le v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r . M ay a s s is t higher
le v e l p r o g r a m m e r by independently p e r fo rm in g le s s d ifficu lt tasks a ssign ed,
and p e r fo rm in g m o r e d ifficu lt tasks under fa ir ly c lo s e d irection .
M ay guide o r in stru ct lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la ss C. M akes p r a c tic a l a p p lica tion s o f p rogra m m in g p r a ctice s
and co n ce p ts u su ally le a rn e d in fo r m a l trainin g c o u r s e s . A ssign m en ts are
d esign ed to d ev elop co m p e te n ce in the a p p lica tion o f standard p ro ce d u re s to
routine p r o b le m s . R e c e iv e s c lo s e su p e r v is io n on new a sp ects o f a s s ig n ­
m en ts; and w ork is r e v ie w e d to v e r ify its a c c u r a c y and co n form a n ce with
re q u ire d p r o c e d u r e s .
COM PUTER OPERATOR
In a c c o r d a n c e with operatin g in stru ctio n s, m on itors and operates
the c o n t r o l c o n s o le o f a dig ital com p u ter to p r o c e s s data. E xecu tes runs by
eith er s e r ia l p r o c e s s in g (p r o c e s s e s one p r o g r a m at a tim e) o r m u lti­
p r o c e s s in g ( p r o c e s s e s two or m o r e p r o g r a m s sim u lta n eou sly). The follow in g
duties c h a r a c t e r iz e the w o rk o f a com p u ter o p e r a to r:
- Studies
needed.

operatin g

- L oad s equipm ent
p a p er, e tc .).

in stru ction s
with

to

re q u ire d

d eterm in e
item s

equipm ent

(ta p es,

cards,

setup
d isk s,

- Sw itch es n e c e s s a r y a u x illia r y equipm ent into sy stem .
- Starts and o p e ra te s com p u ter.
- R espon ds to operatin g and com p u ter output in stru ction s.
- R ev iew s e r r o r m e s s a g e s and m akes c o r r e c t io n s during operation
o r r e fe r s p r o b le m s .
- M aintains op eratin g r e c o r d .

COMPUTER OPERATOR— Continued

PERIPHERAL EQUIPMENT OPERATOR— Continued

M ay t e s t -r u n new or m o d ifie d p r o g r a m s . M ay a s s is t in m od ifyin g
s y ste m s or p r o g r a m s . The s c o p e o f this d efin ition in clu d es tr a in e e s w ork in g
to b e c o m e fu lly q u a lifie d c o m p u te r o p e r a t o r s , fu lly q u a lifie d c o m p u te r
o p e r a t o r s , and lea d o p e r a to r s p rovid in g te c h n ic a l a s s is ta n c e to lo w e r le v e l
o p e r a to rs . It e x clu d e s w o r k e r s w ho m o n ito r and op era te r e m o te te r m in a ls .
C la ss A . In a d dition to w ork a s sig n m en ts d e s c r ib e d fo r a c la s s B
o p e r a to r (s e e b e lo w ) the w o rk o f a c la s s A o p e r a to r in v o lv e s at le a s t one
o f the fo llo w in g :
- D evia tes fr o m stan dard p r o c e d u r e s to av oid the lo s s o f in fo r ­
m a tion o r to c o n s e r v e com p u ter tim e even though the p r o c e d u r e s
a p p lied m a te r ia lly alter the com p u ter u n it's p r o d u ctio n plans.
- T e s t s new p r o g r a m s , a p p lic a tio n s , and p r o c e d u r e s .
- A d v is e s p r o g r a m m e r s
te c h n iq u e s .

and

s u b je c t -m a tte r

e x p e rts

on

setup

- A s s is t s in (1) m a in tain in g , m o d ify in g ,' and d ev elop in g op era tin g
s y s te m s o r p r o g r a m s ; (2) d ev elop in g op era tin g in stru ctio n s and
tech n iq u es to c o v e r p r o b le m situ a tion s; and/o;r (3) sw itch in g to
e m e r g e n c y backu p p r o c e d u r e s (su ch a s s is ta n c e r e q u ir e s a w orkin g
k n ow led ge o f p r o g r a m la n g u a ge, com p u ter fe a t u r e s , and so ftw a re
s y s t e m s ).
An

o p e r a to r

at this le v e l

ty p ic a lly guid es

lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s .

C la ss B. In a d dition to e sta b lis h e d p ro d u ctio n ru n s, w ork a s s ig n ­
m ents in clude runs in volvin g new p r o g r a m s , a p p lic a tio n s , and p r o c e d u r e s
( i . e . , situ ations w hich r e q u ire the o p e r a to r to adapt to a v a r ie ty o f p r o b le m s ).
A t this le v e l, the o p e r a to r has the tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e to w ork fa ir ly
independently in c a r r y in g out m o s t a s sig n m e n ts . A s sig n m e n ts m ay r e q u ire
the o p e r a to r to s e le c t fr o m a v a r ie ty o f stan dard setup and operatin g
p roced u res.
In resp on d in g to co m p u te r output in stru ctio n s o r e r r o r c o n ­
d itio n s, a p p lie s stan dard op eratin g o r c o r r e c t iv e p r o c e d u r e s , but m ay
d ev iate fr o m stan dard p r o c e d u r e s when stan dard p r o c e d u r e s fa il if d ev ia tion
d oes not m a te r ia lly a lte r the com p u ter u n it's p ro d u ctio n plans.
R e fe r s the
p r o b le m o r a b o rts the p r o g r a m w hen p r o c e d u r e s a p p lied do not p r o v id e a
solution . M ay guide lo w e r le v e l o p e r a to r s .
C la ss C.
W ork a ssig n m en ts a r e lim ite d to e sta b lis h e d p ro d u ctio n
runs ( i.e ., p r o g r a m s w hich p re se n t few op era tin g p r o b le m s ). A s sig n m e n ts
m a y c o n s is t p r im a r ily o f o n -t h e -jo b tra in in g (s o m e tim e s arg u m en ted by
c la s s r o o m in s tru ctio n ). When lea rn in g to run p r o g r a m s , the s u p e r v is o r o r a
h igh er le v e l o p e r a to r p r o v id e s d eta iled w ritten o r o r a l guidan ce to the
o p e r a to r b e fo r e and during the run. A fte r the o p e r a to r has gained e x p e r ie n c e
w ith a p r o g r a m , h o w e v e r, the o p e r a to r w ork s fa ir ly in depen den tly in
applying stan dard op era tin g o r c o r r e c t iv e p r o c e d u r e s in resp on d in g to
com p u ter output in stru ctio n s o r e r r o r c o n d itio n s, but r e fe r s p r o b le m s to a
h igh er le v e l o p e r a to r or the s u p e r v is o r when stan dard p r o c e d u r e s fa il.
P E R IP H E R A L EQ U IPM EN T O P E R A T O R
O p era tes p e r ip h e r a l equipm ent w h ich d i r e c t l y su p p orts dig ital
com p u ter o p e r a tio n s . Such equ ipm ent is u niqu ely and s p e c ific a lly d esig n ed
fo r com p u ter a p p lic a tio n s , but n eed not be p h y s ic a lly o r e le c t r o n ic a lly
con n ected to a co m p u te r .
P r in t e r s , p lo t t e r s , c a r d r e a d /p u n c h e s , tape
r e a d e r s , tape units o r d r iv e s , disk units o r d r iv e s , and data d is p la y units
a r e ex a m p les o f su ch equipm ent.




The follow in g duties c h a r a c t e r iz e the w o rk o f a p e r ip h e r a l equ ipm ent
o p e r a to r :
- Loading p r in te r s and p lo tte r s w ith c o r r e c t p a p e r; ad ju sting
c o n tro ls fo r fo r m s , th ic k n e s s , te n sio n , prin tin g d e n sity , and
lo ca tio n ; and unloading hard cop y .
- L ab ellin g tape r e e ls , d is k s , o r c a r d d eck s.
- Checking la b els and m ounting and dism ou n tin g
r e e ls or disks on s p e c ifie d units o r d r iv e s .

d esig n a ted tape

- Setting co n tro ls w hich regu la te o p e r a tio n o f the equipm ent.
- O bservin g panel ligh ts fo r
taking ap p rop ria te action .

w arn in g s

and

e r r o r in d ica tion s and

- Exam ining ta p es, c a r d s , or oth er m a te r ia l fo r c r e a s e s ,
o r oth er d efects w hich co u ld ca u se p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s .

te a rs,

T h is c la s s ific a tio n e x clu d es w o r k e r s (1) w ho m o n ito r and o p e ra te a
c o n t r o l c o n s o le (s e e com p u ter o p e r a to r) o r a r e m o te te r m in a l, o r (2) w h ose
duties a re lim ite d to operatin g d e c o lla t e r s , b u r s t e r s , s e p a r a to r s , o r s im ila r
equipm ent.
C O M P U T E R D ATA LIBRARIAN
M aintains lib r a r y o f m edia (ta p e s, d is k s , c a r d s , c a s s e tt e s ) u sed
fo r au tom atic data p r o c e s s in g a p p lica tion s. T h e fo llo w in g o r s im ila r duties
c h a r a c t e r iz e the w ork of a com p u ter data lib r a r ia n : C la s s ify in g , ca ta lo g in g ,
and storin g m edia in a c c o r d a n c e w ith a sta n d a rd iz ed s y s te m ; upon p r o p e r
r e q u e s ts , r e le a s in g m edia fo r p r o c e s s in g ; m ain taining r e c o r d s o f r e le a s e s
and retu rn s; in specting retu rn ed m ed ia fo r dam age or e x c e s s iv e w ea r to
d eterm in e w hether o r not they need re p la c in g . M ay p e r fo r m m in or r e p a ir s
to dam aged tapes.

DRAFTER
C la ss A.
Plans the gra ph ic p r e se n ta tio n o f c o m p le x item s having
d is tin c tiv e design fea tu res that d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m e sta b lis h e d draftin g
p r e ce d e n ts .
W orks in c lo s e su pport w ith the d e s ig n o r ig in a to r , and m ay
r e co m m e n d m in or d esign changes. A n a ly z e s the e ffe c t o f each change on the
d eta ils o f fo r m , fu n ction , and p o s itio n a l re la tio n s h ip s of com p on en ts and
p a rts. W orks with a m inim um of s u p e r v is o r y a s s is ta n c e .
C o m p le te d w ork
is r e v ie w e d by d esign o rig in a to r fo r c o n s is t e n c y w ith p r io r en g in eerin g
d eterm in a tion s. M ay either p re p a re d raw in gs o r d ir e c t th eir p r e p a r a tio n by
lo w e r le v e l d r a fte r s.
C la ss B.
P e r fo r m s nonroutine and c o m p le x draftin g a s sig n m e n ts
that re q u ire the a p p lica tion o f m ost o f the sta n d a rd iz e d draw ing tech n iq u es
r e g u la r ly used.
D uties ty p ic a lly in v o lv e su ch w o rk a s :
P r e p a r e s w ork in g
draw in gs o f su b a ss e m b lie s with ir r e g u la r sh a p e s, m u ltip le fu n c tio n s, and
p r e c is e p osition a l rela tion sh ip s betw een c o m p o n e n ts; p r e p a r e s a r c h it e c t u r a l
draw in gs fo r co n s tru ctio n o f a building in clu din g d eta il draw in gs o f fo u n ­
d a tion s, w all s e c tio n s , flo o r p la n s, and r o o f.
U ses a c c e p te d fo r m u la s
and m anuals in m aking n e c e s s a r y com p u ta tion s to d e te rm in e qu an tities o f
m a te r ia ls to be u sed , load c a p a c it ie s , s tre n g th s, s t r e s s e s , etc.
R e c e iv e s
in itia l in stru ctio n s, r e q u ire m e n ts, and a d v ic e fr o m s u p e r v is o r .
C om p leted
w o r k is ch eck ed fo r tech n ica l adequ acy.

DRAFTER— Continued

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN— Continued

C la ss C . P r e p a r e s d eta il draw ings o f single units o r p a rts fo r
en g in eerin g , c o n s tr u c tio n , m a n u factu rin g , o r rep a ir p u r p o s e s . T y p es o f
d ra w in gs p r e p a r e d in clu d e is o m e t r ic p r o je c tio n s (depicting th ree d im en sion s
in a ccu ra te s c a le ; and s e c tio n a l view s to c la r ify position in g o f com pon ents
and co n v e y n eeded in fo rm a tio n . C on solid a tes details fr o m a num ber o f
s o u r c e s and ad ju sts o r tr a n s p o s e s s c a le as re q u ire d . Suggested m ethod s o f
a p p roa ch , a p p lica b le p r e c e d e n ts , and ad vice on s o u rce m a te r ia ls are given
w ith in itial a s sig n m e n ts . In stru ction s are le s s com p lete w hen assign m en ts
r e c u r . W o rk m a y be s p o t-c h e c k e d during p r o g r e s s .

W o rk m a y b e r e v ie w e d b y s u p e r v is o r (fr e q u e n tly an e n g in e e r o r
d e sig n e r )
f o r g e n e r a l c o m p l ia n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s .
M a y p r o v id e
t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e to lo w e r l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n s .

D R A F T E R -T R A C E R

C l a s s _ B . A p p l i e s c o m p r e h e n s i v e t e c h n i c a l k n o w l e d g e to s o l v e c o m ­
p le x p r o b le m s ( i .e ., th o se th a t ty p ic a lly c an b e so lv e d s o le ly b y p r o p e r ly
i n t e r p r e t i n g m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a l s o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k i n g o n
e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s : A f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e i n t e r r e l a t i o n ­
s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s ; a n d j u d g m e n t in d e t e r m i n i n g w o r k s e q u e n c e a n d in s e l e c t i n g
t o o l s an d t e s t i n g i n s t r u m e n t s , u s u a l l y l e s s c o m p l e x th a n t h o s e u s e d b y th e
c l a s s A te c h n ic ia n .

C o p ie s
cloth o r p a p er
in clu d e tr a c in g
la r g e s c a le not

R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l g u id a n c e , a s r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n , a n d w o r k i s r e v i e w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p l i a n c e w it h a c c e p t e d
p r a c t i c e s an d w o r k a s s ig n m e n t s .
M a y p r o v i d e t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e to lo w e r
le v e l te c h n ic ia n s .

plans and d raw in gs p rep a red by oth ers by pla cin g tra cin g
o v e r d ra w in g s and tra cin g with pen o r p e n cil. (D oes not
lim ite d to plans p r im a r ily con sistin g o f stra ig h t lin es and a
re q u irin g c lo s e delin ea tion .)
A N D /O R

P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e titiv e draw ings o f e a s ily v isu a lize d item s.
W ork is c lo s e ly s u p e r v is e d du ring p r o g r e s s .
E L E C T R O N IC S TECH NICIAN
W ork s on v a r io u s typ es o f e le c tr o n ic equipm ent and related d e v ic e s
by p e r fo r m in g one o r a com b in a tion of the follow in g : In stallin g, m aintaining,
r e p a ir in g , o v e rh a u lin g , tro u b le s h o o tin g , m od ifyin g , co n stru ctin g , and testin g .
W o rk r e q u ir e s p r a c t ic a l ap p lica tion o f tech n ica l know ledge o f e le c tr o n ic s
p r in c ip le s , a b ility to d e te rm in e m a lfu n ction s, and sk ill to put equipm ent in
r e q u ir e d o p e ra tin g con d ition .
The equ ip m en t— co n s is tin g o f eith er m any d iffe re n t kinds o f c ir c u its
o r m u ltip le re p e titio n o f the sa m e kind o f c ir c u it— in clu d es, but is not lim ited
to, the fo llo w in g : (a) E le c t r o n ic tran sm ittin g and r e ce iv in g equipm ent (e .g .,
r a d a r, r a d io , t e le v is io n , telep h on e, son a r, navigational a id s), (b) d ig ita l and
analog c o m p u te r s , and (c) in d u stria l and m e d ica l m ea su rin g and con tro llin g
equ ipm en t.
T h is c la s s ific a t io n e x clu d e s r e p a ir e r s o f such standard e le c tr o n ic
equ ip m en t as c o m m o n o ffic e m a ch in es and household ra d io and te le v is io n
s e ts ; p r o d u c tio n a s s e m b le r s and te s te r s ; w o rk e r s w h ose p r im a r y duty is
s e r v ic in g e le c t r o n ic te s t in stru m en ts; tech n icia n s who have ad m in istra tiv e
o r s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s ib ility ; and d r a fte r s , d e s ig n e r s , and p r o fe s s io n a l
e n g in e e r s .
P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s .

a re c la s s ifie d

into le v e ls on the b a sis o f the

follow in g

C la ss A . A p p lie s advanced tech n ica l kn ow ledge to so lv e unusually
c o m p le x p r o b le m s ( i .e ., th ose that ty p ica lly cannot be s o lv e d s o le ly by r e f e r ­
en ce to m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m a n u als o r s im ila r docu m en ts) in w ork in g on e le c ­
tr o n ic equ ipm en t. E x a m p le s o f such p r o b le m s include lo c a tio n and d en sity o f
c ir c u it r y , e le c tr o m a g n e tic ra d ia tion , isolatin g m a lfu n ction s, and frequ en t
e n g in eerin g c h a n g e s. W o rk in v o lv e s ; A detailed u nderstanding o f the in ter­
r e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s ; e x e r c is in g independent ju dgm en t in p e r fo r m in g such
ta sk s as m akin g c ir c u it a n a ly s e s, calcu la tin g w ave fo r m s , tra cin g re la tio n ­
sh ips in sign al flo w ; and r e g u la r ly using c o m p le x test in stru m en ts (e .g ., dual
tr a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d eviation m e t e r s , pu lse g e n e r a to r s ).




C l a s s C . A p p l i e s w o r k in g t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to p e r f o r m s i m p l e o r
r o u t i n e t a s k s in w o r k i n g o n e l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t , f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c ­
t io n s w h ic h c o v e r v i r t u a l l y a l l p r o c e d u r e s .
W o rk t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s su c h
ta sk s a s:
A s s is t in g h ig h e r le v e l te c h n ic ia n s b y p e r fo r m in g su c h a c t iv itie s a s
r e p la c in g c o m p o n e n t s , w ir in g c i r c u i t s , and ta k in g t e s t r e a d in g s ; r e p a ir in g
s im p le e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m e n t; an d u sin g to o ls an d c o m m o n t e s t in str u m e n ts
( e .g ., m u l t i m e t e r s , a u d io s i g n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tu b e t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) .
I s n o t r e q u i r e d t o b e f a m i l i a r w it h t h e i n t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s . T h i s
k n o w le d g e ,
h o w e v e r, m a y b e a c q u ir e d
th ro u g h a s s ig n m e n ts d e sig n e d
to
i n c r e a s e c o m p e te n c e (in c lu d in g c la s s r o o m
tra in in g )
so
th a t w o r k e r
can
a d v a n c e to h i g h e r l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n .
R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l g u id a n c e , a s r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r
le v e l te c h n ic ia n . W o rk is t y p ic a lly s p o t c h e c k e d , b u t is g iv e n d e t a ile d r e v ie w
w h en n ew o r a d v a n c e d a s s ig n m e n t s a r e in v o lv e d .
R E G I S T E R E D IN D U S T R IA L N U R S E
A r e g is t e r e d n u r se w ho g iv e s n u r sin g s e r v ic e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d ic a l
d i r e c t i o n to i l l o r in ju r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r
s u f f e r a n a c c id e n t on th e p r e m i s e s o f a f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
D u t i e s in v o lv e a c o m b i n a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : G iv in g f i r s t a id to th e i l l o r
i n j u r e d ; a t t e n d i n g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p i n g
r e c o r d s o f p a tie n ts t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s fo r c o m p e n sa tio n o r
o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t i o n s a n d h e a l t h e v a l u a t i o n s o f
a p p lic a n t s an d e m p lo y e e s ; an d p la n n in g an d c a r r y i n g o u t p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g
h e a lth e d u c a t io n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n tio n , e v a lu a tio n o f p la n t e n v iro n m e n t, o r
o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t in g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , a n d s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .
N u r s i n g s u p e r v i s o r s o r h e a d n u r s e s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e t h a n
o n e n u r s e a r e e x c lu d e d .

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Poweiplant
M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R
P e r f o r m s th e
in g o o d r e p a i r b u i l d i n g
b e n c h e s, p a r titio n s, d
in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .

35

c a r p e n t r y d u t ie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t an d m a in t a in
w o o d w o rk an d e q u ip m e n t su c h a s b in s , c r ib s , c o u n t e r s ,
o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , an d t r im m a d e o f w o o d
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
P la n n in g an d

MAINTENANCE CARPENTER— Continued

MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (Machinery)— Continued

la y in g o u t o f w o rk fr o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t io n s ;
u s in g a v a r ie t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d to o ls , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o ls , and s ta n d a r d
m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e l a t i n g to d i­
m e n s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e le c t in g m a t e r i a l s
n e c e s s a r y f o r th e w o r k .
In
g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e
u su a lly
a c q u ir e d
th ro u g h
a f o r m a l
a p p r e n tic e sh ip
or
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e .

obtain ed fr o m sto ck ; o rd e rin g the p r o d u c tio n o f a re p la c e m e n t p a rt by a
m a ch in e shop or sending the m a ch in e to a m a ch in e sh op fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s ;
p re p a rin g w ritten s p e cifica tio n s fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r fo r the p ro d u ctio n o f
pa rts o r d e r e d fr o m m a ch in e sh ops; r e a s s e m b lin g m a ch in e s ; and m akin g all
n e c e s s a r y adjustm ents fo r op era tion . In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f a m a ch in e ry
m a in ten an ce m ech a n ic re q u ire s rounded train in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly
a cq u ire d through a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r equ iv alen t tra in in g and e x p e r i­
e n ce . E x clu d ed fr o m this c la s s ific a t io n are w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y duties
in volve settin g up o r adjusting m a ch in e s .

M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N
P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e f u n c t io n s s u c h a s th e i n s t a l ­
la t io n , m a in t e n a n c e , o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t i o n , d i s t r i b u t i o n ,
o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e f o llo w in g : I n s t a llin g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t su ch a s g e n e r a to r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w itc h b o a r d s, c o n tr o lle r s , c ir c u it
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n it s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n
e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g f r o m
b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s, la y o u ts, o r o th e r s p e c ifi­
c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g a n d d i a g n o s i n g t r o u b l e in th e e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u i p ­
m e n t ; w o r k in g s t a n d a r d c o m p u t a t io n s r e l a t i n g to lo a d r e q u i r e m e n t s o f w ir in g
o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; an d u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls and
m e a s u r in g an d te s t in g in s t r u m e n t s .
In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f t h e m a i n t e n a n c e
e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d tr a in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h
a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E P A IN T E R
P a i n t s an d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , an d f ix t u r e s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s th e f o llo w in g :
K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l ia r i t i e s
and ty p e s o f p a in t r e q u ir e d f o r d iff e r e n t a p p lic a t io n s ; p r e p a r in g s u r f a c e
f o r p a i n t i n g b y r e m o v i n g o l d f i n i s h o r b y p l a c i n g p u t t y o r f i l l e r in n a i l
h o l e s an d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y g u n o r b r u s h .
M ay
m i x c o l o r s , o i l s , w h ite l e a d , a n d o t h e r p a in t i n g r e d i e n t s to o b t a in p r o p e r
c o lo r o r c o n s is te n c y .
In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f t h e m a i n t e n a n c e p a i n t e r
r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n tic e sh ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E M A C H IN IST
P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t s a n d n e w p a r t s in m a k i n g r e p a i r s o f
m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W ork
in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
In te r p r e tin g w r itte n in s t r u c t io n s and s p e c i ­
f ic a t i o n s ; p la n n in g an d la y in g o u t o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t 's
h a n d to o ls an d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g u p an d o p e r a tin g
s t a n d a r d m a c h in e t o o l s ; s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g
s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to d i m e n s i o n s o f w o r k , t o o lin g , f e e d s ,
an d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f th e c o m m o n
m e t a l s ; s e le c t in g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , an d e q u ip m e n t r e q u ir e d fo r th is
w o r k ; and fit tin g
and
a sse m b lin g p a r ts
in to m e c h a n i c a l
e q u ip m e n t.
In
g e n e r a l, th e m a c h i n i s t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d
tr a in in g
in
m a c h in e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M a c h in e r y )
R e p a i r s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g :
E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l
e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d is m a n t lin g o r p a r t ly d is m a n t lin g
m a c h i n e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s t h a t m a i n l y i n v o l v e t h e u s e o f h a n d t o o l s in
s c r a p i n g a n d f i t t i n g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w it h i t e m s




M AIN TEN AN CE MECHANIC (M otor v e h ic le )
R e p a irs a u tom ob iles, b u se s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e sta b ­
lis h m e n t. W ork in volves m o s t o f the fo llo w in g ; E xam in ing a u tom otiv e equ ip­
m en t to dia gn ose s o u r c e o f trou b le; d is a s s e m b lin g equ ipm ent and p e r fo r m in g
r e p a ir s that in volve the u se o f such h an dtools as w r e n c h e s , g a u g es, d r ills ,
o r s p e c ia liz e d equipm ent in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a r ts ; re p la c in g brok en
o r d e fe c tiv e parts fr o m stock ; g rin din g and adju sting v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g
and in sta llin g the v a riou s a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le and m akin g n e c e s s a r y
ad ju stm en ts; and aligning w h eels, adju sting b ra k e s and lig h ts , o r tightening
body b o lts . In g en e ra l, the w ork o f the m o t o r v e h ic le m a in ten a n ce m e c h a n ic
r e q u ir e s rounded trainin g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a cq u ired through a fo r m a l
a p p re n tice s h ip o r equ ivalent training and e x p e r ie n c e .
T h is c la s s ific a tio n does not in clude m e c h a n ic s w h o
t o m e r s ' v e h ic le s in au tom obile r e p a ir sh op s.

r e p a ir

cu s­

M AIN TEN AN CE P IP E F IT T E R
In stalls o r r e p a ir s w a ter, stea m , g a s, o r oth er typ es o f pipe and
p ip efittin g s in an estab lish m en t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : L ayin g
out w o rk and m ea su rin g to loca te p o s itio n o f pip e fr o m d ra w in g s o r oth er
w ritten s p e c ific a tio n s ; cutting v a riou s s iz e s o f pip e to c o r r e c t len gths with
c h is e l and h am m er o r ox y a cety len e to r c h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a ch in e s ; th readin g
pipe w ith stock s and d ie s ; bending pip e by h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r -d r iv e n
m a ch in e s; assem blin g pipe with cou p lin g s and fa sten in g pip e to h a n g ers;
m aking standard shop com pu tation s r e la tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f
pipe r e q u ire d ; and m aking standard te s ts to d e te rm in e w h eth er fin ish ed p ip es
m e e t s p e c ific a tio n s .
In g en era l, the w o rk o f the m a in ten a n ce p ip e fitte r
r e q u ir e s rounded training and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a cq u ired through a fo r m a l
a p p re n tice s h ip o r equivalent trainin g and e x p e r ie n c e . W o r k e r s p r im a r ily
engaged in installing and re p a irin g bu ildin g sa n ita tion o r heating s y ste m s
are ex clu d ed .
M AIN TEN AN CE S H E E T -M E T A L W O RK ER
F a b r ic a te s , in sta lls, and m a in ta in s in g ood r e p a ir the s h e e t-m e ta l
equ ipm ent and fix tu re s (su ch as m a ch in e g u a rd s, g r e a s e pans, s h e lv e s ,
lo c k e r s , tanks, v e n tila to rs , chutes, d u cts, m e ta l r o o fin g ) o f an esta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g ; P lann in g and la yin g ou t all types o f
sh e e t-m e ta l m ain ten an ce w ork fr o m b lu e p r in ts , m o d e ls , o r oth er s p e c ifi­
c a tio n s ; setting up and operatin g all a v a ila b le types o f s h e e t-m e ta l w ork in g
m a ch in e s ; using a v a riety o f han dtools in cuttin g, bending, fo r m in g , shaping,
fittin g, and a ssem b lin g ; and in stallin g s h e e t-m e ta l a r tic le s as r e q u ire d . In
g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m ain ten an ce s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s rounded
trainin g and e x p e rie n c e u su ally a cq u ired through a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r
eq u ivalen t training and e x p e rie n c e .

MILLWRIGHT

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

In sta lls new m a ch in e s o r h eavy equipm ent, and d ism a n tles and
in sta lls m a ch in e s o r h eavy equipm ent when changes in the plant layou t are
r e q u ir e d . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g ; Planning and layin g out
w o rk ; in terp retin g b lu e p rin ts o r oth er sp e c ific a tio n s ; using a v a rie ty o f handto o ls and r ig g in g ; m a k in g standard shop com putations relatin g to s t r e s s e s ,
stren gth o f m a t e r ia ls , and c e n te rs o f gra vity; aligning and balan cin g equip­
m en t; s e le c tin g stan dard to o ls , equipm ent, and parts to be u sed ; and in stallin g
and m ain taining in good o r d e r p ow er tr a n s m is s io n equipm ent such as d riv e s
and sp eed r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t's w ork n o rm a lly r e q u ir e s a
roun ded train in g and e x p e r ie n c e in the trade acqu ired through a fo r m a l
a p p re n tice s h ip o r eq u iv a len t trainin g and e x p e rie n ce .

a llo y s ; se le ctin g a p p rop ria te m a te r ia ls , to o ls , and p r o c e s s e s req u ired to
c o m p le te ta sk s ; m aking n e c e s s a r y shop com p u ta tion s; setting up and o p e r ­
ating v a riou s m a ch in e to o ls and rela ted equipm ent; usin g variou s tool and
die m a k e r 's h an dtools and p r e c is io n m e a su rin g in stru m en ts; w orking to v ery
c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; h e a t-tre a tin g m eta l p a rts and fin ish ed tools and d ies to
a ch ieve r e q u ire d q u a litie s; fittin g and a s se m b lin g pa rts to p r e s c r ib e d t o le r ­
an ces and a llo w a n ce s . In g e n e r a l, the to o l and die m a k e r 's w ork re q u ire s
rounded trainin g in m a c h in e -s h o p and to o lr o o m p r a c tic e usu ally acqu ired
through fir m e d a p p ren ticesh ip o r equ ivalent t r a i n i n g and e x p e rie n c e .

M AIN TE N A N C E T R A D E S H E LPE R
A s s is t s on e o r m o r e w o rk e r s in the sk ille d m ain ten an ce tr a d e s , by
p e r fo r m in g s p e c ific o r g e n e r a l duties o f le s s e r sk ill, such as k eepin g a
w o r k e r su p p lied w ith m a te r ia ls and to o ls ; clean in g w orkin g area, m a ch in e,
and equ ipm ent; a s s is tin g jou rn ey m a n by holding m a te r ia ls o r to o ls ; and p e r ­
fo r m in g oth er u n sk illed ta sk s as d ir e c te d by jou rn ey m a n . The kind o f w ork
the h e lp e r is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m v a r ie s fr o m trade to tra d e: In som e
tr a d e s the h e lp e r is con fin ed to supplying, liftin g, and holdin g m a te r ia ls and
to o ls , and clea n in g w ork in g a r e a s ; and in oth ers he is p erm itte d to p e r fo r m
s p e c ia liz e d m a ch in e o p e r a t io n s , o r parts o f a trad e that are a lso p e r fo r m e d
by w o r k e r s on a fu ll-t im e b a s is .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R (T o o lr o o m )
S p e c ia liz e s in op era tin g one o r m o r e than one type o f m a ch in e to o l
(e .g ., jig b o r e r , g rin d in g m a ch in e , engine lathe, m illin g m a ch in e) to m a ch in e
m e ta l f o r u se in m akin g o r m ain taining ji g s , fix tu res, cutting to o ls , gau ges,
o r m e ta l d ie s o r m o ld s u sed in shaping o r form in g m e ta l o r n on m eta llic
m a te r ia l (e .g ., p la s t ic , p la s t e r , ru b b er, g la s s ). W ork ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s ;
P lann in g and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m ach in in g op eration s w hich r e q u ire c o m ­
p lica te d setups o r a high d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; setting up m a ch in e to o l o r
to o ls ( e .g ., in sta ll cutting to o ls and adjust g u id es, sto p s, w ork in g ta b le s ,
and oth e r c o n t r o ls to handle the s iz e o f sto ck to be m a ch in ed ; d eterm in e
p r o p e r fe e d s , s p e e d s , to o lin g , and op era tion seq u en ce o r s e le c t th ose p r e ­
s c r ib e d in d ra w in g s , b lu e p r in ts , o r la you ts); using a v a r ie ty o f p r e c is io n
m e a s u rin g in stru m e n ts ; m akin g n e c e s s a r y adjustm ents during m a ch in in g
o p e r a tio n to a ch ie v e r e q u is ite d im en sion s to v e ry c lo s e t o le r a n c e s . M ay
b e r e q u ire d to s e l e c t p r o p e r coola n ts and cutting and lu b rica tin g o ils , to
r e c o g n iz e w hen to o ls n eed d r e s s in g , and to d r e s s to o ls . In g e n e ra l, the w ork
o f a m a c h in e -t o o l o p e r a t o r (to o lro o m ) at the sk ill le v e l ca lle d fo r in this
c la s s ific a t io n r e q u ir e s e x te n siv e know ledge o f m a ch in e -sh o p and t o o lr o o m
p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ir e d through co n s id e r a b le o n -t h e -jo b trainin g and
e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w age study p u rp o s e s, this c la s s ific a tio n d oes not
in clu d e m a c h in e -t o o l o p e r a t o r s (to o lro o m ) em p loyed in to o l and die job b in g
sh o p s .
T O O L AND DIE M A K E R
C o n stru cts and r e p a ir s ji g s , fix tu r e s , cutting to o ls , g a u ges, o r m eta l
d ie s o r m o ld s u se d in shaping o r fo rm in g m eta l o r n on m eta llic m a te r ia l (e .g .,
p la s t ic , p la s t e r , r u b b e r , g la s s ). W ork ty p ica lly in v o lv e s ; P lanning and layin g
out w o r k a c c o r d in g to m o d e ls , b lu ep rin ts, d raw in gs, o r oth er w ritten o r o r a l
s p e c ific a tio n s ; u n derstan d in g the w ork in g p r o p e r tie s o f com m on m e ta ls .and




F o r c r o s s -in d u s t r y w age study p u rp o s e s , this c la s s ific a tio n does not
in clude to o l and die m a k e rs who (1) are em p loyed in to o l and die job bin g
sh ops o r (2) p ro d u ce fo r g in g d ie s (die s in k e r s ).
STATIO N AR Y ENGINEER
O p e ra te s and m a in tain s and m a y a lso su p e r v is e the op eration o f
station a ry en gin es and equipm ent (m e ch a n ica l o r e le c tr ic a l) to supply the
esta b lish m en t in w hich e m p loy ed with p o w e r, heat, r e frig e ra tio n , o r a ircon d ition in g. W ork in v o lv e s ; O p era tin g and m aintaining equipm ent such as
steam en gin es, air c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a to r s , m o t o r s , tu rbin es, ventilating
and r e fr ig e r a tin g equipm ent, steam b o ile r s and b o ile r -fe d w ater pum ps;
m akin g equ ipm ent r e p a ir s ; and keepin g a r e c o r d o f op era tion of m a ch in ery ,
te m p e ra tu re , and fu el con su m p tion . M ay a lso su p e r v is e these op era tion s.
Head o r c h ie f e n g in eers in esta b lish m en ts em p loyin g m o r e than one en gin eer
are ex clu d e d .
BO ILER TEN DER
F ir e s sta tion a rv b o ile r s to fu rn ish the estab lish m en t in w hich
em p loyed with heat, p o w e r, o r stea m . F e e d s fu els to fir e by hand o r
op era tes a m e c h a n ica l sto k e r, g a s, o r o il b u rn er; and ch eck s w ater and
sa fety v a lv e s . M ay cle a n , o il, o r a s s is t in rep a irin g b o ile r r o o m equipments

Material Movement and Custodial
TRU CK DRIVER
D r iv e s a tru ck w ithin a c ity o r in d u stria l area to tra n sp ort
m a te r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e , equipm ent, o r w o r k e r s betw een variou s types of
esta b lish m en ts such as; M anufacturing p la n ts, fr e ig h t d epots, w a reh ou ses,
w h o le sa le and r e ta il e sta b lish m en ts, o r b etw een r e ta il estab lish m en ts and
c u s to m e r s ' h ou ses o r p la ce s o f b u s in e s s . M ay a lso loa d o r unload tru ck
with o r w ithout h e lp e r s , m ake m in o r m e c h a n ica l r e p a ir s , and k eep tru ck in
good w ork in g o r d e r .
S a lesrou te and o v e r -t h e -r o a d d r iv e r s are ex clu d ed .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , tr u ck d r iv e rs are c la s s ifie d by type and
rated ca p a city o f tru ck , as fo llo w s ;
T r u c k d r iv e r , lig h t tru ck
(stra ig h t tru ck , u nder IV2 ton s, u su ally 4 w h eels)
T r u c k d r iv e r . m ed iu m tru ck
(stra ig h t tru ck , 1 V2 to 4 tons in clu s iv e , u su a lly 6 w h eels)
T r u c k d r iv e r , h eavy tru ck
(stra ig h t tru ck , o v e r 4 to n s, u su a lly 10 w h eels)
T r u c k d r iv e r . t r a c t o r -t r a il e r

SHIPPER AND RECEIVER

SHIPPING PACKER

P e r fo r m s c l e r i c a l and p h y s ic a l ta sk s in co n n e ctio n w ith shipping
g oods o f the esta b lish m en t In w h ich em p loy ed and r e c e iv in g in com in g
sh ipm ents.
In p e r fo r m in g d a y -t o -d a y , routine ta s k s , fo llo w s esta b lis h e d
g u id elin es. In handling unusual n onroutin e p r o b le m s , r e c e iv e s s p e c ific g u id ­
an ce fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r oth er o ffic ia ls .
M ay d ir e c t and co o rd in a te the
a c tiv itie s o f oth er w o r k e r s en gaged in handling g ood s to b e sh ipped o r being
r e c e iv e d .

P r e p a r e s fin ish ed p rod u cts fo r sh ipm ent o r sto ra g e by p la cin g them
in shipping c o n ta in e rs , the s p e c ific o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d being dependent
upon the typ e, s iz e , and num ber o f units to be p a ck e d , the type o f con ta in er
e m p lo y e d , and m ethod o f shipm ent. W ork r e q u ir e s the p la cin g o f ite m s in
shipping con ta in ers and m ay in volve one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : K now ledge
o f v a r io u s item s o f sto ck in o r d e r to v e r ify con ten t; s e le c t io n o f a p p ro p ria te
type and s iz e of con ta in er; in sertin g e n c lo s u r e s in co n ta in e r; u sin g e x c e ls io r
o r oth er m a te r ia l to preven t b rea k a g e or d a m a g e; c lo s in g and sea lin g c o n ­
ta in e r; and applying la b els o r en terin g iden tifyin g data on co n ta in e r. P a c k e r s
w ho a ls o m ake w ooden b ox es or c r a te s a r e ex clu d ed .

S h ip p ers ty p ic a lly a r e r e s p o n s ib le fo r m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : V e r ­
ifyin g that o r d e r s a r e a c c u r a t e ly fille d by co m p a rin g i t e m s . and quantities
o f g oods g a th ered fo r sh ipm ent a g a in st d o cu m e n ts; in su rin g that sh ipm ents
a re p r o p e r ly p a ck a g ed , id en tified w ith shipping in fo rm a tio n , and loa d ed into
tra n sp ortin g v e h ic le s ; p r e p a rin g and k eepin g r e c o r d s o f goods sh ipp ed, e .g .,
m a n ife sts , b ills o f lading.
R e c e iv e r s ty p ic a lly a r e r e s p o n s ib le fo r m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
V erify in g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f in com in g sh ipm ents by com p a rin g item s and
quantities unloaded a g a in st b ills o f lad in g, in v o ic e s , m a n ife s ts , sto ra g e
r e c e ip ts , o r oth er r e c o r d s ; ch eck in g fo r dam aged g o o d s; in su rin g that
goods a r e a p p ro p r ia te ly id e n tifie d fo r routing to dep a rtm en ts w ithin the
esta b lish m en t; p r e p a rin g and keeping r e c o r d s o f good s r e c e iv e d .
For

w age

study

p u rp oses,

w ork ers

are

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :

S h ipp er
R e c e iv e r
S h ip p er and r e c e iv e r
WAREHOUSEMAN
A s d ir e c te d , p e r fo r m s a v a r ie ty o f w a reh ou sin g duties w hich r e q u ire
an un derstanding o f the e s ta b lis h m e n t's s to ra g e plan.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t
o f the fo llo w in g : V e r ify in g m a te r ia ls (o r m e r c h a n d is e ) a gain st r e c e iv in g
d ocu m en ts, noting and r e p o rtin g d is c r e p a n c ie s and ob v iou s d a m a g e s; routing
m a te ria ls to p r e s c r ib e d s to ra g e lo c a t io n s ; s to r in g , sta ck in g , o r p a lletizin g
m a te r ia ls in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r ib e d s to ra g e m eth od s; re a rra n g in g and
taking in v en tory o f s t o r e d m a te r ia ls ; exam inin g s to r e d m a te r ia ls and
re p ortin g d e te r io r a t io n and d a m a g e; rem o v in g m a te r ia l fr o m s to ra g e and
p rep a rin g it fo r sh ipm ent. M ay o p e ra te hand o r p o w e r tru ck s in p e r fo rm in g
w a reh ou sin g d u ties.
E x clu d e w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y duties in v olv e shipping and r e c e i v ­
ing w ork (s e e Sh ipp er and R e c e iv e r and Shipping P a c k e r ), o r d e r fillin g
(s e e O rd e r F i l l e r ) , o r op era tin g p o w e r tr u ck s (s e e P o w e r -T r u c k O p e ra to r).

M A T E R IA L HANDLING L A B O R E R
A w ork er em p loyed in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u factu rin g plant, s t o r e , or
oth er estab lish m en t w h ose duties in v o lv e one o r m o r e of the fo llo w in g :
Loading and unloading v a riou s m a te r ia ls and m e r c h a n d is e on o r fr o m fre ig h t
c a r s , tr u ck s , o r oth er tra n sp ortin g d e v ic e s ; u npacking, sh e lv in g , o r pla cin g
m a te r ia ls or m erch a n d ise in p r o p e r sto ra g e lo c a tio n ; and tra n sp ortin g
m a te r ia ls or m erch a n d ise by han dtruck, c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w .
L on gshore
w o r k e r s , who loa d and unload sh ip s, a r e e x clu d ed .

P O W E R -T R U C K O PE R A TO R
O perates a m anually c o n t r o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic - p o w e r e d tru ck
o r tr a c to r to tra n sp o rt goods and m a te r ia ls o f a ll kinds about a w a r e h o u se ,
m anu factu ring plant, or oth er esta b lish m en t.
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c la s s ifie d by type o f p o w e r tr u ck , as fo llo w s :
F o r k lift o p e ra to r
P o w e r -t r u c k o p e ra to r (oth er than fo r k lift)

GUARD
P r o te c ts p r o p e rty fr o m theft o r d a m a g e, o r p e r s o n s fr o m h aza rd s
o r in te r fe r e n c e . D uties in volve s e r v in g at a fix e d p o s t, m aking roun ds on
fo o t o r by m otor v e h ic le , o r e s c o r tin g p e r s o n s o r p r o p e rty . M ay be d epu tized
to m ake a r r e s ts .
M ay a ls o help v is it o r s and c u s to m e r s by a n sw erin g
q u estion s and giving d ir e c tio n s .
G uards em p loy ed by e sta b lis h m e n ts w h ich p r o v id e p r o te c tiv e s e r ­
v ic e s on a c on tra ct b a sis a r e in clu ded in th is occu p a tion .

ORDER F IL L E R
F ills shipping o r t r a n s fe r o r d e r s fo r fin ish ed g ood s fr o m s to re d
m e r c h a n d ise in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c ific a tio n s on sa le s s lip s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r oth er in s tru ctio n s . M ay, in ad dition to fillin g o r d e r s and in d i­
cating item s fille d o r om itte d , keep r e c o r d s o f outgoing o r d e r s , re q u isitio n
additional s to ck o r r e p o r t sh o rt su p p lies to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r fo r m oth er
rela ted du ties.




F or

w age

study

p u rp oses,

g u a rd s

are

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :

C lass A .
E n fo rc e s reg u la tion s d es ig n e d to p reven t b r e a c h e s o f
s e c u rity .
E x e r c is e s judgm ent and u se s d is c r e t io n in dealin g w ith e m e r ­
g e n c ie s and se c u rity v iola tion s e n co u n te re d .
D e te rm in e s w hether fir s t

GUARD— Continued

GUARD— C ontinued

r e s p o n s e sh ou ld be to in te rv e n e d ir e c tly (asking fo r a s s is ta n c e when d eem ed
n e c e s s a r y and tim e a llo w s ), to keep situation under s u r v e illa n c e , o r to r e p o r t
situ ation so that it ca n be handled by ap p rop ria te authority. D uties r e q u ire
s p e c ia liz e d tra in in g in m eth od s and tech n iq u es o f p rotectin g s e c u r ity a r e a s .
C o m m o n ly , the gu a rd is r e q u ir e d to dem on strate continuing p h y s ic a l fitn e s s
and p r o fic ie n c y w ith fir e a r m s o r oth er sp e c ia l w eapons.

qu ire m in im a l train in g. C om m on ly , the guard is not re q u ire d to dem onstrate
p h y s ic a l fitn e s s . M ay be a rm e d , but g e n e r a lly is not r e q u ire d to dem onstrate
p r o fic ie n c y in the u se o f fir e a r m s o r s p e c ia l w eapon s.
JA N ITO R, P O R T E R , OR CLE A N E R
C leans and keeps in an o r d e r ly con d ition fa c to r y w orking a rea s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m is e s o f an o ffic e , ap artm en t h ou se, o r c o m m e r c ia l
o r oth er esta b lish m en t.
D uties in v olv e a com b in a tion of the fo llo w in g :
Sw eeping, m opping or sc r u b b in g , and p olish in g f lo o r s ; rem ov in g ch ip s, tra sh ,
and oth er r e fu s e ; dusting equipm ent, fu rn itu re , o r fix tu re s ; polish in g m etal
fix tu re s o r tr im m in g s ; p rovid in g su p p lies and m in o r m aintenance s e r v ic e s ;
and clean in g la v a to r ie s , sh o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W ork ers who s p e cia liz e
in w indow w ashing a re exclu ded.

C la ss B.
C a r r ie s out in stru ction s p r im a r ily o rien ted tow ard in ­
su rin g that e m e r g e n c ie s and s e c u r ity v iola tion s are r e a d ily d is c o v e r e d and
r e p o r t e d to a p p ro p r ia te a u th ority.
In terven es d ir e c tly only in situations
w h ich re q u ire m in im a l a c tio n to sa fegu ard p r o p e rty o r p e r s o n s . D uties r e ­




39

Service Contract
Act Surveys
The fo llo w in g a r e a s a r e s u r ­
v ey ed p e r io d ic a lly f o r u se in a d m in ­
is te r in g the S e r v ic e C o n tr a c t A c t
o f 1965. S u rv ey r e s u lts a r e p u b ­
lis h e d in r e le a s e s w h ich a r e a v a ila ­
b le , at no c o s t, w h ile su p p lies la s t
fr o m any o f the BLS r e g io n a l o ffic e s
shown on the b a ck c o v e r .

A la sk a (statew id e)
A lban y, Ga.
A lbu qu erq u e, N. M ex.
A lexa n d ria—L e e s v ille , La.
A lpena— ta n d ish -T a w a s C ity, M ich .
S
Ann A r b o r , M ich .
A s h e v ille , N.C.
Augusta, Ga.— .C .
S
A u stin , T ex .
B a k e rs fie ld , C a lif.
Baton R ou ge, La.
B attle C re e k , M ich .
B e a u m o n t-P o rt A rth u r— ran ge
O
and Lake C h a r le s , T e x .—La.
B ilo x i-G u lfp o r t and P a s ca g o u la —
M oss P oin t, M is s .
Bingham ton, N. Y.
B irm in g h am , A la.
B loom in gton — in cen n es, Ind.
V
B re m e r to n —
Shelton, W ash.
B ru n sw ick , Ga.
C ed a r R a p id s,. Iowa
Cham paign—
Urbana— antoul, 111.
R
C h a rle s to n — orth C h a rle s to n —
N
W a lte rb o ro , S.C .
C h a rlo tte -G a sto n ia , N .C .
C la r k s v ille -H o p k in s v ille , Term.—
Ky.
C olu m bia— m ter, S .C .
Su
C olu m bu s, Ga.— la .
A
C olu m bu s, M is s .
C on n ecticu t (statew id e)
D eca tu r, 111.
D es M oin es, Iowa
Dothan, A la.
D ulutlr-S uperior, M inn.—W is.
E l P a s o — la m o g o r d o — as C r u c e s ,
A
L
T ex .— M ex.
N.
Eugene— p rin g field — e d fo rd , O reg .
S
M




F a y e tte v ille , N .C.
F o r t L a u d erd a le— olly w ood
H
and W est P a lm B ea ch —
B o c a R aton, F la .
F o r t Sm ith, A r k .—
Okla.
F o r t W ayne, Ind.
G adsden and A n n iston, A la.
G o ld s b o r o , N .C.
G rand Island— astin g s, N ebr.
H
Guam , T e r r it o r y o f
H a r r isb u r g —Lebanon, Pa.
K n o x v ille , Term.
La C r o s s e —
Sparta, W is.
L a r e d o , T ex .
L as V eg as—Tonopah, Nev.
L exington — a y ette, Ky.
F
L im a , Ohio
L ittle R ock — orth L ittle R ock , A rk .
N
L o r a in — ly r ia , Ohio
E
L o w e r E a ste rn S h ore, M d.—Va.— el.
D
M acon , Ga.
M a dison , W is.
M ain e (sta tew id e)
M a n sfie ld , Ohio
M cA lle n — h a r r -E d inburg
P
and B r o w n s v ille — arlin gen —
H
San B en ito, T ex.
M erid ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , M onm outh, and
O cean C ou n ties, N. J.
M o b ile — e n sa co la —Pan am a C ity,
P
A la .— la .
F
M ontana (statew id e)
N a sh v ille— av id son , Tenn.
D
New B ern — a ck s o n v ille , N .C.
J
New H a m p sh ire (statew id e)
N orth D akota (sta tew id e)
N orth ern New Y o rk
N orth w est T ex a s
O rla n do, F la.
O xnard— im i Valley^-Ventura, C a lif.
S
P e o r ia , 111.
P h oen ix , A r iz .
P in e B lu ff, A rk .
P u eb lo, C o lo .
P u e rto R ic o
R a le ig h -D u rh a m , N .C.
R en o, Nev.

R iv e r s id e —
San B ern ardin o—
O n tario, C a lif.
Salina, Kans.
Salin as— ea sid e— on terey, C a lif.
S
M
Sandusky, Ohio
Santa B a rb a ra —
Santa M aria—
L o m p o c, C alif.
Savannah, Ga.
S elm a, A la.
S h erm an — enison , T ex.
D
S h re v e p o rt, La.
South D akota (statew ide)
S ou th ea stern M assach u setts
Southern Idaho
Southw est V irg in ia
Spokane, Wash.
S p rin g field , 111.
S tockton, C a lif.
T a co m a , W ash.
Tam pa—
St. P e te rsb u rg , Fla.
T opeka, Kans.
T u cs o n — ouglas, A r iz .
D
T u lsa , Okla.
U pper P en in su la, M ich.
V a lle jo — a ir fie ld —
F
Napa, C a lif.
V e rm o n t (statew id e)
V irg in Islands o f the U.S.
W aco and K ille e n -T e m p le , T ex.
W a terloo— ed a r F a lls, Iowa
C
W est V irg in ia (statew ide)
W estern and N orthern
M a ssa ch u setts
W ich ita F a lls —Lawton— ltu s,
A
T e x .—
Okla.
Yakim a—Richland— ennew ick—
K
P en dleton , Wash.— reg.
O

A L S O A V A IL A B L E —
An annual r e p o r t on s a la r ie s fo r
a ccou n ta n ts, a u d itors, c h ie f a c c o u n t­
ants, a tto rn e y s, jo b a n a lysts, d i r e c ­
to r s o f p e r s o n n e l, b u y e rs , c h e m is ts ,
e n g in e e r s, e n g in eerin g te ch n icia n s ,
d r a fte r s ,
a n d c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s
is a v a ila b le .
O rd e r as BLS B u lle ­
tin 2004, N ation al S u rvey o f P r o ­
fe s s io n a l, A d m in istra tiv e , T e c h n ic a l
and C l e r ic a l P ay, M a rch 1978, $ 2 .4 0
a c o p y , fr o m any o l the BLS r e ­
g ion a l s a le s o ffic e s show n on the
b a ck c o v e r , o r fr o m the S u p e r in ­
tendent o f D ocu m en ts, U.S. G o v e r n ­
m en t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington,
D .C . 20402.

Area Wage
Surveys
A lis t o f the la te s t b u lletin s a v a ila b le is p resen ted below . B u lletin s
m a y b e p u rc h a se d fr o m any o f the BLS re g io n a l o ffic e s show n on the ba ck
c o v e r , o r fr o m the S u p erin ten den t o f D ocu m en ts, U.S. G overn m en t P rin tin g
O ffic e , W ashington, D .C . 20402. Make ch eck s payable to Superintendent o f
D o cu m e n ts . A d ir e c t o r y o f o ccu p a tio n a l w age su rv ey s, c o v e r in g the y e a r s
1970 th rough 1977, is a v a ila b le on requ est.

A rea
A k ron , O hio, D e c . 1978 _______________________________________
A lbany— ch en ecta d y —T r o y , N. Y ., Sept. 1978 1_______________
S
A n a h eim —
Santa Ana—G ard en G ro v e ,
C a lif., O ct. 1 9 7 8 1 ____________________________________________
A tlan ta, G a., M ay 1978 1 ______________________________________
B a ltim o r e , M d ., A u g. 1978 1 __________________________________
B illin g s , M ont., July 1 9 7 8 ____________________________________
B irm in g h a m , A la ., M ar. 1 9 7 8 ________________________________
B oston , M a s s ., Aug. 1 9 7 8 1___________________________________
B u ffa lo, N .Y ., O ct. 1 9 7 8 1_____________________________________
C anton, O hio, M ay 1 9 7 8 _______________________________________
C h attanooga, T e n n .-G a ., Sept. 1978 1________________________
C h ic a g o , 111., M ay 1978 _______________________________________
C in cin n a ti, O hio— y.—In d ., July 1 9 7 8 ________________________
K
C le v e la n d , O hio, Sept. 1 9 7 8 __________________________________
C olu m b u s, O hio, O ct. 1978 1 __________________________________
C o rp u s C h r is ti, T e x ., July 1 9 7 8 _____________________________
D a ll a s -F o r t W orth, T e x ., O ct. 1978 1________________________
D a ven port—R o ck Island— olin e, Iowa—
M
111., F eb. 19 78 ______
D ayton, O hio, D e c . 1978 ______________________________________
D aytona B ea ch , F la ., A ug. 1978 _____________________________
D e n v e n -B o u ld e r , C o lo ., D e c. 1 9 7 8 ___________________________
D e tr o it, M ich ., M ar. 1 9 7 8 ____________________________________
F r e s n o , C a lif., June 1978 1___________________________________
G a in e s v ille , F la ., Sept. 1978 _________________________________
G ary— am m ond—E a st C h ic a g o , Ind., Aug. 1979 1___________
H
G reen B ay, W is ., July 1978 1 _________________________________
G r e e n s b o r o — in sto n -S a le m —
W
High P oint,
N .C ., A ug. 1 9 7 8 _______________________________________________
G r e e n v ille — p artan bu rg, S .C ., June 1978 ___________________
S
H a rtfo rd , C on n ., M ar. 1978 1 _______________________ . ________
H ou ston , T e x ., A p r . 1 9 7 8 _____________________________________
H u n tsv ille, A la ., F e b . 1979 __________________________________
In d ia n a p olis, Ind., O ct. 1 9 7 8 1 ________________________________
J a ck so n , M is s ., Jan. 1 9 7 8 ____________________________________
J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., D e c. 1978 ________________________________
K an sas C ity , M o .-K a n s ., Sept. 1 9 7 8 _________________________
L o s A n g e le s —Long B ea ch , C a lif., O ct. 1978 1 _______________
L o u is v ille , K y.—Ind., N ov. 1 9 7 8 ______________________________
M em p h is, T enn.— r k .— is s ., N ov, 1978 ____________________
A
M




B u lletin num ber
and p r ic e *
2 0 25 -63, $ 1 .0 0
2 0 25 -58, $ 1 .2 0
2 0 2 5 -6 5 , $ 1 .3 0
2 0 25 -28, $ 1 .4 0
2 0 25 -50, $ 1 .5 0
2 0 25 -38, $ 1.00
2 0 2 5 -1 5 , 80 cen ts
2 0 25 -43, $ 1 .5 0
2 0 2 5 -7 1 , $1 .3 0
2 0 25 -22, 70 cen ts
2 0 2 5 -5 1 , $ 1 .2 0
2 0 25 -32, $ 1 .3 0
2 0 25 -39, $ 1 .1 0
20 2 5 -4 9 , $ 1 .3 0
20 2 5 -5 9 , $ 1 .5 0
2 0 2 5 -2 9 , $ 1 .0 0
20 2 5 -5 2 , $ 1 .5 0
2 0 2 5 -6 , 70 cen ts
20 2 5 -6 6 , $ 1 .0 0
2 0 25 -48, $ 1 .0 0
2 0 25 -68, $ 1 .2 0
2 0 25 -11, $ 1 .2 0
2 0 25 -31, $ 1 .2 0
20 2 5 -4 5 , $ 1 .0 0
(To be surveyed)
2 0 25 -41, $ 1 .2 0
2 0 25 -46,
2 0 25 -30,
2 0 25 -14,
2 0 25 -23,
2 0 5 0 -3 ,
2 0 25 -57,
2 0 2 5 -1 ,
2 0 2 5 -6 7 ,
2 0 2 5 -5 3 ,
2 0 2 5 -6 1 ,
2 0 2 5 -6 9 ,
20 2 5 -6 2 ,

$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .2 0
$1 .0 0
$ 1 .5 0
70 cen ts
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .3 0
$ 1 .5 0
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1.00

A rea
M iam i, F la ., Oct. 1978 1
_______________________________________
M ilw aukee, W is., A p r. 1978 1_________________________________
M in n eap olis—
St. Paul, M inn.—W is., Jan. 1979_______________
N assau—
Suffolk, N. Y ., June 1978 1____________________________
New ark, N .J., Jan. 1 9 7 8 1_____________________________________
New O rlea n s, L a., Jan. 1979 1________________________________
New Y ork, N .Y .-N .J ., M a y l 9 7 8 1 ____________________________
N orfolk —V irg in ia B each— ortsm ou th , Va.—
P
N .C ., M ay 1978 ______________________________________________
N orfolk —V irg in ia B each— ortsm ou th and
P
N ew port News— am pton, Va.— .C ., M ay 19 78 ____________
H
N
N orth east P en n sylva n ia , Aug. 1978 __________________________
O klahom a C ity, O k la ., Aug. 19 7 8 ____________________________
Omaha, N eb r.—
Iowa, Oct. 19 78_______________________________
P a te rs o n — lifton — a s s a ic , N .J., June 1978 1________________
C
P
P h ila d elp h ia, P a .-N .J ., Nov. 1978 ___________________________
P ittsb u rg h , P a ., Jan. 1978 ___________________________________
P ortla n d , M aine, D ec. 1978 1 _________________________________
P ortla n d , O r e g .-W a s h ., M ay 1978 ___________________________
P ou g h k eep sie, N .Y ., June 1978 1_____________________________
P ou g h k eep sie— ingston— ew burgh, N .Y ., June 1978 1 _____
K
N
P r o v id e n c e — arw ick— aw tucket, R. I.—
W
P
M a s s ., June 19 78_____________________________________________
R ich m on d, V a., June 1 9 7 8 ____________________________________
St. L ou is, M o.—111., M ar. 1978 _______________________________
S a cra m en to, C a lif., D ec. 1978 ________________________ ______
Saginaw, M ich ., Nov. 1978 ___________________________________
Salt Lake City—Ogden, Utah, Nov. 1978 1 ____________________
San A n ton io, T e x ., M ay 1978 _________________________________
San D iego, C a lif., Nov. 19 7 8 __________________________________
San F r a n c is c o —
Oakland, C a lif., M ar. 1978 1________________
San J ose, C a lif., M ar. 1978 1 _________________________________
Seattle— v erett, W ash., D ec. 19 78___________________________
E
South Bend, Ind., Aug. 19 78__________________________________
T o le d o , O h io -M ic h ., M ay 1 9 7 8 1 _____________________________
T ren ton , N .J., Sept. 1978 1 ___________________________________
U tica -R o m e , N .Y ., July 19 78_________________________________
W ashington, D .C .-M d .-V a ., M ar. 1979______________________
W ichita, K ans., A p r. 19 78____________________________________
W o r c e s te r , M a ss ., A p r. 1 9 7 8 1_______________________________
Y ork, P a ., F eb. 1978 1________________________________________

B ulletin num ber
and p r ic e *
2 0 25 -60,
2025-18,
2 0 5 0 -1 ,
2025-33,
2025 -7,
2 0 5 0 -2 ,
2025-35,

$ 1 .3 0
$ 1.40
$1 .30
$ 1 .3 0
$ 1 .4 0
$1 .30
$1 .50

20 25 -20, 70 cents
20 25 -21,
2025-47,
2 0 25 -40,
20 25-56,
2025-36,
2025-54,
20 25 -3,
20 25-70,
2025-25,
2025-37,
2025-42,

80 cents
$1 .00
$ 1.00
$1 .0 0
$1 .2 0
$ 1 .3 0
$1 .1 0
$1 .2 0
$1 .0 0
$1 .1 0
$1 .2 0

2025-27,
2025-26,
20 25 -13,
2 0 2 5 -7 5 ,
2025-64,
20 2 5 -7 2 ,
2025-17,
2 0 2 5 -7 3 ,
2025-10,
20 25 -9,
20 2 5 -7 4 ,
2025-44,
2025-24,
2025-55,
2025-34,
2050 -4,
2025-16,
2025-19,
2025-8,

$ 1 .4 0
80 cents
$ 1 .2 0
$1 .00
$ 1 .0 0
$1 .30
70 cents
$1 .00
$ 1 .4 0
$ 1 .2 0
$1.00
$1 .00
$1 .2 0
$1 .2 0
$ 1 .0 0
$1 .2 0
80 cents
$1 .1 0
$1 .1 0

Prices are determ ined by the Government Printing O ffice and are subject to change.
Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

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Region II

Region 11
1

Region IV

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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102