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Minneapolis— St. Paul,
Minnesota— W isconsin,
Metropolitan Area, January 1979

Area
Wage
Survey
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Bulletin 2050-1

o
0

coa^o
U




Preface
T h is b u lle tin p ro v id e s r e s u lts o f a January 1979 s u r v e y o f o c c u p a ­
tio n a l e a rn in g s in the M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l, M in n eso ta — is c o n s in , Standard
W
M e tro p o lita n S t a tis tic a l A r e a .
T h e s u r v e y was m ad e as p a r t o f the B u reau
o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s ' annual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m .
It w as con du cted by
the B u re a u 's r e g io n a l o ffic e in C h ic a g o , 111., under the g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n
o f L o is L . O r r , A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l C o m m is s io n e r f o r O p e ra tio n s .
The
s u r v e y could not h a ve b e en a c c o m p lis h e d w ith ou t the c o o p e r a tio n o f the m any
fir m s w h ose w a g e and s a la r y data p ro v id e d the b a s is fo r the s ta tis tic a l
in fo rm a tio n in th is b u lletin . T h e B u reau w is h e s to e x p r e s s s in c e r e a p p r e c ia ­
tio n fo r the c o o p e r a tio n r e c e iv e d .
M a t e r ia l in th is p u b lic a tio n is in the pu b lic d om ain and m a y be
re p r o d u c e d w ith ou t p e r m is s io n o f the F e d e r a l G o v e rn m en t.
P le a s e c r e d it
the B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s and c ite the nam e and nu m ber o f this
p u b lication .

Note:
R e p o rts on occu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s and s u p p lem e n ta ry w a g e p ro v is io n s
in the M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l a r e a a r e a v a ila b le fo r the m a c h in e r y (Ja n u a ry
1978), c om p u te r and data p r o c e s s in g s e r v ic e s (M a r c h 1978), and h otels
and m o te ls (M a y 1978) in d u s tr ie s .
R e p o rts on o c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s on ly
a r e a v a ila b le f o r the la u n d ry and d r y clea n in g (J a n u a ry 1979) and m o v in g
and s to r a g e (J a n u a ry 1979) in d u s trie s .
A ls o a v a ila b le f o r M in n ea p o lis
and f o r St. P a u l a r e lis tin g s o f union w a g e ra te s fo r b u ild in g tr a d e s ,
p rin tin g t r a d e s , lo c a l- t r a n s it o p e ra tin g e m p lo y e e s , lo c a l tr u c k d r iv e r s and
h e lp e r s , and g r o c e r y s to r e e m p lo y e e s .
F r e e c o p ie s o f th e s e a r e a v a ila b le
f r o m the B u re a u 's r e g io n a l o ffic e s . (S ee b ack c o v e r f o r a d d r e s s e s .)




Area
Wage
Survey

Minneapolis— St. Paul,
Minnesota— Wisconsin,
Metropolitan Area, January 1979

U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary

C O fltS fltS

Bureau of Labor Statistics
Janet L. Norwood
Acting Commissioner

In tro d u c tio n ___________________________________________

May 1979

Page

Tables:

Bulletin 2050-1

Earnings, all establishm ents:
A - l . W eekly earnings of o ffic e w o r k e r s _______
A -2 . W eekly earnings of p ro fession a l
and techn ical w o rk e rs __________________
A -3 . A v e ra g e w eek ly earnings of
o ffic e , p ro fes s io n a l, and
technical w o rk e rs , by sex _____________
A -4 . Hourly earnings of m aintenance,
to olroom , and powerplant
w o r k e r s ___________________________________
A - 5. H ourly earnings of m a te ria l
m ovem ent and custodial w o r k e r s ______
A -6 . A v e ra g e hourly earnings of
m aintenance, to o lro o m , p ow erplant, m a te ria l m ovem ent, and
custodial w o rk e rs , by sex _____________
A -7 .
P e rc e n t in c re a s es in a v e ra ge
hourly earnings fo r selected
occupational groups _____________________
A - 8. A v e ra g e pay relation sh ips within
establishm ents fo r w h ite -c o lla r
w o r k e r s ___________________________________
A -9 .
A v e ra g e pay relation sh ip s within
establishm ents fo r b lu e -c o lla r
w o r k e r s ___________________________________
E arnings, la rg e establishm en ts:
A-1 0 . W eekly earnings of o ffic e w o r k e r s ______
A - l l . W eekly earnings of p ro fes s io n a l
and tech n ical w o rk e rs __________________

For sale by the Superintendent of Docu­
ments. U.S. Government Printing Office.
Washington. D C 20402, GPO Bookstores, or
BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover.
Price $1 30 Make checks payable to Super­
intendent of Documents




2

3
6

8

10
11

T a b le s — Continued
E arnings, la r g e establishm ents—
Continued
A - 12. A v e ra g e w eek ly earnings of
o ffic e , p ro fes s io n a l, and
techn ical w o rk e rs , by sex _____________
A - 13. H ou rly earnings of m aintenance,
to o lro o m , and powerplant
w o r k e r s __________________________________
A - 14. H ou rly earnings o f m a te ria l
m ovem ent and custodial
w o r k e r s __________________________________
A - 15. A v e ra g e hourly earnings of
m aintenance, to o lro o m , p ow erplant, m a te ria l m ovem ent, and
custodial w o rk e rs , by s e x _____________
Appendix A .
Appendix B.

13

14

15

16

17
20

22
23

24

25

Scope and method of s u r v e y __________ 27
Occupational d e s c rip tio n s ____________ 31

Introduction

T h is a r e a is 1 o f 72 in w h ich the U.S. D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r 's
B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s conducts s u rv e y s o f occu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s and
r e la te d b e n e fits .
(S e e lis t o f a r e a s on in s id e b ack c o v e r . )
In each a r e a ,
e a rn in g s data f o r s e le c te d occu p ation s ( A - s e r i e s ta b le s ) a r e c o lle c te d
annually.
In fo r m a tio n on e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p lem e n ta ry w a g e
b e n e fits ( B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) is ob tain ed e v e r y th ird y e a r .
T h is r e p o r t has
no B - s e r i e s ta b le s .

m an u factu rin g and nonm anu facturin g in d u s tr ie s . T h e occu p ation s a r e d e fin e d
in A p p e n d ix B. F o r the 31 la r g e s t s u r v e y a r e a s , ta b le s A - 10 th rou gh A - 15
p r o v id e s im ila r data fo r e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e .
T a b le A - 7 p ro v id e s p e rc e n t ch an ges in a v e r a g e h o u rly ea rn in g s
o f o f f ic e c le r ic a l w o r k e r s , e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g w o r k e r s , in d u s tr ia l
n u rs e s , s k ille d m ain ten an ce tr a d e s w o r k e r s , and u n s k ille d plant w o r k e r s .
W h e re p o s s ib le , data a r e p re s e n te d f o r a l l in d u s tr ie s and f o r m a n u fa c ­
tu rin g and nonm anufacturing s e p a ra te ly . D ata a r e not p re s e n te d f o r s k ille d
m ain ten an ce w o r k e r s in non m an u factu rin g b e ca u s e the nu m ber o f w o r k e r s
e m p lo y e d in this occu p ation al gro u p in n on m an u fa ctu rin g is to o s m a ll to
w a r r a n t s e p a ra te p resen ta tion .
T h is ta b le p r o v id e s a m e a s u re o f w a g e
tre n d s a ft e r e lim in a tio n o f changes in a v e r a g e e a rn in g s ca u sed by e m p lo y ­
m ent sh ifts am ong es ta b lis h m en ts as w e l l as tu r n o v e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts
in clu d ed in s u rv e y s a m p le s . F o r fu r th e r d e ta ils , s e e ap p en d ix A .

E ach y e a r a fte r a ll in d iv id u a l a r e a w a g e s u rv e y s h ave b een c o m ­
p le te d , tw o s u m m a r y b u lle tin s a r e is s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b rin g s to g e th e r data
f o r each m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s u rv e y e d ; the seco n d p re s e n ts n a tion al and
r e g io n a l e s tim a te s , p r o je c t e d f r o m in d iv id u a l m e tr o p o lita n a r e a d ata, fo r
a ll Stand ard M e tr o p o lita n S t a tis tic a l A r e a s in the U n ited S ta te s , exclu d in g
A la s k a and H a w a ii.
A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is the need
to d e s c r ib e the l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r ie t y o f la b o r m a rk e ts ,
through the a n a ly s is o f (1 ) the l e v e l and d is trib u tio n o f w a g e s b y o ccu p atio n ,
and (2 ) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y occu p a tio n a l c a te g o r y and s k ill le v e l. T h e
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p s in fo rm a tio n that m a y be u sed fo r m any p u rp o s e s , in clu d in g
w a g e and s a la r y a d m in is tr a tio n , c o lle c t iv e b a rg a in in g , and a s s is ta n c e in
d e te rm in in g plan t lo c a tio n . S u rv e y r e s u lts a ls o a r e u sed by the U.S. D e p a r t­
m en t o f L a b o r to m ak e w a g e d e te rm in a tio n s u n der th e S e r v ic e C o n tra c t A c t
o f 1965.

T a b le s A - 8 and A - 9 p ro v id e f o r the f i r s t tim e m e a s u re s o f a v e r a g e
pay re la tio n s h ip s w ith in e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
T h e s e m e a s u r e s m a y d if fe r c o n ­
s id e r a b ly fr o m the pay re la tio n s h ip s o f o v e r a l l a v e r a g e s p u b lish ed in ta b le s
A - l th rough A -6 . S ee appendix A fo r d e ta ils .

A p p e n d ix e s
A p p en d ix A d e s c r ib e s the m eth o d s and c on cep ts u sed in the a r e a
w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m and p ro v id e s in fo r m a tio n on the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

A - s e r i e s ta b le s

or

A p p en d ix B p ro v id e s jo b d e s c r ip tio n s
p r e s e n ta tiv e s to c la s s ify w o r k e r s b y occu p atio n .

T a b le s A - l th rou gh A - 6 p r o v id e e s tim a te s o f s tr a ig h t- tim e w e e k ly
h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r w o r k e r s in occu p atio n s co m m o n to a v a r ie t y o f




2

u sed

by

B u rea u f ie ld

re-

Earnings: All establishments
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers, Minneapolis— St. Paul, Minn.— Wis., January 1979
Weekly earnln^^^™
(standard)
Number
of
woiken

Average
weekly
hour*1
(standard)

Nu m b e r of w o r k e r s rec ei v in g s t r a ig h t -t i m e wee kly earnings of—
*

s

%

$

$

s

$

s

*

s

*

%

S

%

s

$

s

%

$

%

*

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

110

Occup atio n and in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

440

12

16

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

16

119
5
114

150
33
117

625
294
331

-

-

-

“

~

356
160
196
4

1365
800
565
26

1556
787
769
19

1075
634
441
16

582
391
1 91
57

349
212
137
28

221
102
119
55

87
44
43
33

65
11
54
20

48
3
45
24

44
3
41
41

_

85
52

109

135

81

49

22

86
49
5

55
26
3

35
14
8

19
8
11
9

12

70
39
5

1
11
8

22
22

7
7

1
1

236
200
36
7

130
77
53
6

75
26
49
19

15
3
12
11

43

34
i
33
15

19

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

3

-

-

105
Mean2

Mcdiui *

Middle range2

and
u n d er

$
2 15.00
216.00
213.50
2 8 5.5 0

$
208.00
2 1 1.0 0
2 07.00
2 92.00

3 9 .5

2 6 0.5 0

2 5 9.0 0

2 2 8.5 0 -2 88 .0 0

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

264.50
256.00
327.50

2 64.00
2 54.50
344.00

2 4 1.5 0 -2 88 .0 0
2 1 3.5 0 -2 94 .5 0
2 9 8 .5 0 -3 70 .0 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

231.50
23 5.5 0
228.50
3 1 8.5 0

229.50
2 36.50
217.00
321.00

2*392
1*389
1*003
65

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

204.50
206.50
201.50
26 0.0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S . CLASS D -----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

1*366
657
709
92

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

S EC RET ARI ES * CLASS E -----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

248
124
124

STENOGRAPHERS ----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------P UB LI C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

SE CR ET AR IE S ---------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

6 .67 9
3*480
3.199
331

SEC RET ARI ES * CLASS A -----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------PU B LI C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

659
331
328
74

SECRET ARIE S* CLASS B -----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------PU B LI C U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

1*641

3 9 .0

750
891
89

SEC RET ARI ES * CLASS C -----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------PU B LI C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

$
$
1 8 6 .5 0 -2 34 .5 0
1 9 1 .0 0 -2 36 .5 0
1 8 1.0 0 -2 32 .5 0
2 4 9.5 0 -3 27 .5 0

-

-

25
-

19

92

3

2
17

22

25

-

-

-

_
-

3

-

-

70

33

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

2

2 0 4 .5 0 -2 5 1 .5 0
2 2 0 .5 0 -2 5 2 .0 0
193.5 0 -2 51 .0 0
2 9 3 .5 0 -3 5 1 .0 0

-

-

-

_
-

37

12

16

103

197

300

423

-

-

-

37

-

-

-

-

67
130
-

94
206
1

263
160

-

16
-

18
85

-

12
-

201.50
203.50
200.00
251.50

1 8 8.5 0 -2 18 .5 0
191.0 0 -2 20 .0 0
179.5 0 -2 18 .5 0
2 4 9 .5 0 -2 71 .5 0

-

-

-

_
-

40
2
38

128
36
92

232
118
114

693
462
231

32 3
230
93
4

163
87
76
35

41
22
19
5

25
10
15

9

8
2
6
6

19 2.0 0
191.50
1 93.00
240.00

186.50
185.50
188.00
240.00

1 7 0.0 0 -2 10 .5 0
1 7 2 .5 0 -2 07 .0 0
1 6 5.5 0 -2 14 .0 0
194.0 0 -2 93 .5 0

_
-

_
-

12

16

25

5

-

-

-

12

16

-

-

-

27
15
12
9

25
24

5
3

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

19 6.0 0
184.00
208.00

187.00
179.50
209.50

1 7 4.5 0 -2 17 .5 0
1 7 3.0 0 -1 89 .0 0
176.5 0 -2 33 .0 0

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

_
-

3
-

-

-

-

-

5

3

-

3

1.527
722
805
230

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

18 9.0 0
17 6.5 0
200.50
2 83.00

173.50
172.50
177.00
307.00

1 5 9 .5 0 -1 96 .0 0
1 6 2.0 0 -1 87 .5 0
153.0 0 -2 32 .0 0
2 6 0 .5 0 -3 20 .5 0

-

3
3

9

114

56

6
108

-

-

-

6
3
-

-

-

~

-

43
3
40
39

26

-

105
52
53

26
26

56
56

STENOGRAPHERS. SENIOR ---------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUF AC T U R I N G --------------------------------------

970
515
455

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

185.00
1 8 0.5 0
1 90.50

175.00
176.50
172.50

163.5 0 -1 94 .5 0
1 6 7 .5 0 -1 89 .5 0
156.0 0 -2 01 .5 0

_

-

-

36
1
35

57

3

4

2
2

45

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

557

19 6.5 0
16 7.5 0
213.50
271.50

170.00
161.00
195.00
283.50

1 5 0.0 0 -2 39 .5 0
1 4 9.5 0 -1 74 .0 0
1 5 0.0 0 -2 81 .0 0
2 5 4 .5 0 -3 1 4 .5 0

-

3

78

54

207
350
169

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

-

T R ANS CR IBI NG -M ACH IN E T Y P I S T S --------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

1 07
61

39. 5
3 9 .5

1 68.00
1 68.00

160.00
159.50

1 5 5.5 0 -1 79 .0 0
1 5 4.5 0 -1 81 .0 0

T Y P I S T S --------------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------P UB LI C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

2.170
469
1.701
2 39

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 58.50
160.00
15 8.5 0
210.00

148.50
150.00
145.00
205.00

1 3 8.0 0 -1 63 .5 0
1 4 4.0 0 -1 62 .0 0
1 3 6.0 0 -1 64 .0 0
1 6 1.0 0 -2 48 .5 0

T Y P I S T S . CLASS A ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

1 .169

3 9 .0 163.00
3 9 .5 1 69.00
3 9. 0 16 1.0 0
4 0 .0 244.00

149.50
153.50
149.50
248.50

1 3 8.0 0 -1 65 .5 0
1 4 4.0 0 -1 70 .0 0
138.0 0 -1 63 .0 0
2 1 8 .5 0 -2 6 4 .0 0

260
909
1 01

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

725
420
305
5

39
5
34

87
30
57

-

327
193
134
22

296
152
144
11

120
41
79
10

16
3
13

-

185
106
79
4

206
107
99

~

“

5

10
1
9

22
18
4

65
48
17

62
41
21

24
10
14

34
2
32

20
4
16

160
79
81
6

241
165
76

287
173
114
5

1 21
67
54
8

20
1
19
10

17

3

257
154
103
7

91
35
56

173
123
50

211
129
82

224
159
65

97
51
46

10
1

68
42
26
3

46
25
21
7

63
14
49
5

24

8

10
10

7

9

13

13

7
50

9

9

7
10

8
11
7
4

3

-

-

3

4

6
6

40
3
37
37

22
22
22

-

4
1

7
4

41
26

21
9

5
3

14
13

11
1

“

1
1

“

25
8
17
-

552
66
486
2

446
132
314
37

340
110
230
10

137
41
96
19

87
22
65
2

114
26
88
26

70
32

66
1
65
10

81
40
41
39

22

-

199
21
178
11

72

-

22
22

16
“
16
16

13
“
13
13

-

6

53

97
24
73
1

31
14
17
2

49
1
48
25

18
1
17
6

74
40
34
33

15

7

53

227
49
178

9

6

241
92
149

54

-

288
30
258

2

3

1

15
15

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

62
4
58
58

5

_

1

_

_

2
3

-

-

-

3

~

1
1

-

-

45

-

7
7

_

_

-

-

-

-

X

-

_

_
-

-

-

-

-

“

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

“

-

-

“

9
9

-

_

-

2
2

~

-

3

-

_
*

9
45

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

”

-

_

_

1
1

-

-

_

54
54

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

_
-

17
4
13
13

5
73

~

_

-

-

16

1

-

1

69
44
25
6

3

1
1

7

-

_

48
45
3

6

1

19
19

-

7
7

5
2
3

9
6
3

See footnotes at end o f tables.




-

43
11

2
1
1
1

7

-

*

-

-

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers, Minneapolis— St. Paul, Minn.— Wis., January 1979— Continued
Num ber o f w o rk e rs r e c e iv in g stra ig h t-tim e w eek ly earnings o f—
Occupation and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
wodeen

Average
weekly
houn1
(standard)

%

s

Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

%

*

%

s

%

%

%

s

s

S

%

S

s

*

$

%

*

S

S

110

120

130

190

150

160

170

180

200

220

290

260

280

300

320

3 90

360

380

900

920

120

130

190

150

160

170

180

200

220

290

260

28 0

300

320

390

360

380

900

920

990

19
8
11

192

113
61
52
10

90
17
23
18

33
13
20
1

83
12
71
29

23
1
22
7

13

1

6

-

203
38
165
35

7

-

262
39
228
2

98

-

98
9

7
6

13
13

1
1

6
6

-

312
-

13

22
22
22

28
28
28

13
13

2
2

12
12
12

13
13
13

2
2
2

-

-

-

-

“

2
2
2

13
13
13

20
20
20

16
16
16

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

105

and
under
110

TYPISTS -

CONTINUED
$
19 5.0 0
15 0.0 0
195.00
168.50

$
$
1 3 2.5 0 -1 61 .5 0
1 3 5.5 0 -1 56 .0 0
1 3 1.0 0 -1 68 .5 0
1 9 8 .5 0 -2 0 0 .5 0

196.00
195.00
196.00
292.00

12 9.5 0
13 8.0 0
12 9.5 0
2 5 9.5 0

1 2 1.00-150.00
1 2 6 .5 0 -1 5 9 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0 -1 5 0 .0 0
1 7 9 .0 0 -3 0 9 .5 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
90. 0

208.50
209.00
2 75.50

1 7 3.5 0
1 68.00
309.50

1 5 0 .0 0 -2 97 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0 -3 09 .5 0
2 2 0.00-322.00

726
687
98

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
9 0 .0

199.50
1 99.50
290.00

132.50
131.50
259.50

1 2 1.0 0 -1 62 .0 0
1 2 1.0 0 -1 60 .0 0
1 7 8 .5 0 -2 9 6 .0 0

F I L E C LE R KS . CLASS C -----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

513
61
952

3 9 .0
90. 0
3 8 .5

1 27.50
1 35.50
126.00

12 9.5 0
1 39.00
1 2 2.0 0

1 1 7.5 0 -1 33 .5 0
1 2 6 .5 0 -1 38 .0 0
1 1 7.5 0 -1 30 .0 0

MESSENGERS -----------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURIN6 -------------------------------------

518
181
337

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
39. 0

191.00
139.00
191.50

129.50
190.00
129.50

1 2 0.0 0 -1 95 .5 0
1 2 3.0 0 -1 99 .5 0
1 1 9.5 0 -1 90 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS -------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

913
66
397
25

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
9 0 .0
9 0 .0

165.00
185.00
161.00
273.50

1 52.00

1 9 0 .0 0 -1 78 .5 0
1 6 1 .0 0 -2 00 .0 0
1 3 7.0 0 -1 67 .0 0
2 5 9.50-300.50

T Y P I S T S . CLASS B ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

993
201
792
138

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
9 0 .0

$
159.00
199.50
155.50
185.00

F I L E CLERKS --------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------- NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

1.397
105
1 .29 2
156

3 9 .0
9 0 .0
39. 0
9 0 .0

F I L E CLE R KS . CLASS A -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

107
103
96

F I L E C LE R KS . CLASS B -----------------------------NONHANUf A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

17 9.0 0
150.00
293.00

-

312

369
32
332

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

6
6

89
11
73
1
-

112
12
100
5
33
33

35
6
29
9

99
7
37
21

7
-

57
1

33
6
27
21

7
7

1
1

13
13

13
13
1

3
2
2

10
8
9

6
5
3

7
7
7

-

-

30
25
19

25
21
5

38
32
18

-

1
1
1

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

157
157

187
173

116
119

92
39
5

93
93

-

-

-

-

38
33
1

-

98
29
69

96
6
40

37
9
28

1
-

-

-

1

9
4

-

“

-

“

-

155
-

“

155

176
17
159

29

105
29
76

130
38
92

72
19
53

89
51
38

33
22
11

19
15
9

_

16
-

82
-

71

16

82

90
12
78

-

-

33
10
23
1

29
5
5

-

-

-

3 9 .5
9 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

163.00
170.00
160.50
1 99.00

15 9.0 0
169.00
15 1.5 0
16 1.0 0

1 9 9 .5 0 -1 7 8 .5 0
1 9 9.5 0 -1 88 .0 0
1 9 5 .0 0 -1 69 .0 0
1 3 1 .0 0 -2 9 0 .0 0

ORDER CLERKS ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

762
225
537

9 0 .0
90. 0
90. 0

1 91.50
193.00
1 91.00

1 85.00
1 89.00
1 8 9.0 0

1 6 2 .0 0 -2 1 6 .0 0
1 6 9 .0 0 -2 17 .5 0
1 5 9.5 0 -2 16 .0 0

-

ORDER CL ERK S. CLASS A --------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

505
123
382

9 0 .0
90. 0
90. 0

2 09.50
2 08.00
203.00

19 6.0 0
20 1.5 0
19 6.0 0

1 7 5.0 0 -2 29 .0 0
1 8 5.5 0 -2 28 .0 0
1 7 2 .0 0 -2 2 9 .0 0

ORDER CL ERK S. CLASS B --------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

257
102
155

9 0 .0
9 0 .0
90. 0

1 67.00
175.00
1 61.50

155.50
17 3.0 0
1 95.00

1 3 3 .0 0 -1 9 9 .5 0
1 3 6.0 0 -1 99 .5 0
1 3 2 .5 0 -2 0 1 .5 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

6.97 0

3 9 .5
39. 5
3 9 .5
9 0 .0

1 88.00

172.50

1 9 9.5 0 -2 07 .0 0

182.50
1 90.00
263.00

1 7 9.5 0
170.50
260.50

1 6 0 .0 0 -2 0 0 .0 0
1 9 7 .5 0 -2 17 .5 0
2 1 8.50-318.00

-

5
28

11
-

1
-

11
11

-

1

3
68
1

_

“

”

“

”

~

-

-

-

-

~

3
“
3
3

13

-

10
5
5

“

“

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
7

-

-

66
29
92

26
4
22

29
2
27

90
6
39

92
23
19

88
25
63

198
52
96

195
39
106

52
20
32

15
19
1

25
11
19

56

-

-

29
6
18

15
6
9

73
13
60

128
32
96

103
31
72

39
8
31

19
19

22
8
19

56

16
-

15
12
3

20
20

13
12
1

5

-

1

3
3
“

-

-

92
8
39

1

16

27
17
10

“

5

“

6 36
137
999
38

686
209
977
21

698
260
388
18

959
909
595
106

557
219
393
138

360
139
221
105

259
99
205
127

201
16
185
196

-

-

-

20

26
9
22

29

-

90
29
16

2
27

16

33

201
22
179

738

659

75
663

196
963
15

See footnotes at end o f tables.

4

-

-

-

26

-

“

-

-

-

“

9
9
9

19
2
12
12

20
-

“

-

7

15
19

*
“

56

13
13

-

-

-

”

“

-

-

-

-

-

~

_

-

-

“

~

84

9
6
3
3

-

_

-

“

“
-

”
-

“

“

202
5
197
199

“

“

56

22
2
20
12

-

“

-

2
“
2
2

9
9

-

-

8
6
2
2

25
9
16

-

-

-

1
20
2
18
3

28
9
19

51
31
20

-

-

-

-

29

-

-

-

9
9

99
53
91

26
-

“
-

-

19
19

-

-

-

6
6

13

“

-

-

3
3

52
5
97

-

”

“

*

“

1

1
1

3
2
1

192
33
1 09
13

20

-

-

-

”

189
39
155
2

-

2
“

“

152
96
106
9

-

“

“
”

-

”
13

99
12
37
4

-

-

76
9
67
9

20
-

16

-

“

-

57
-

-

872
239
638
66




220
31
189
12

1

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERA T O R -R E C E P T I O N I S T S MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

1 .752
9.718
1.209

17
125
11

210
9
206
206

9
80
80

-

-

“

-

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers,Minneapolis— St. Paul, Minn.— Wis., January 1979— Continued
W eekly earning! 1

Number
of
wodeers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Num ber o f w o rk e rs re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e w eek ly earnings o f—
S

*

s

%

$

$

S

S

s

S

s

s

%

$

$

s

ACCOUNTING CLERKS -

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

200

220

240

26 0

280

300

320

110

Occup atio n and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

120

130

190

150

160

170

180

200

220

290

260

280

300

320

390

12

61

-

12

61

91
5
86

139
29
110

307
70
237
2

285
103
182
5

506
217
289
28

301
192
159
63

263
125
138
71

196
91
1 05
31

165
16
199
111

19
2
12
6

85
5
80
77

195
2
193
193

566
189
377
15

500
1 11
389
38

37 7
137
290
19

363
157
206
13

996
190
256
78

259
70
189
75

97
19
83
39

108
8
100
96

36

8

1 17

-

-

15
2
13
13

105
Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

and
u n d er

CONTINUED

ACCOUNTING CLER KS . CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

2.658
762
1.896
670

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
9 0 .0

$
219.50
2 02.50
2 1 9.5 0
286.50

$
195.50
195.50
195.00
3 1 0.5 0

$
$
1 7 1 .5 0 -2 90 .5 0
1 7 8 .5 0 -2 2 2 .0 0
1 6 5.5 0 -2 60 .5 0
2 9 0.00-339.50

ACCOUNTING CL ERK S. CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------P UB LI C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

3 .80 2
980
2.822
539

3 9 .5
9 0 .0
3 9 .5
9 0 .0

1 69.50
1 67.50
170.00
2 3 9.0 0

157.50
169.50
155.00
2 33.00

1 9 0 .0 0 -1 89 .0 0
1 9 8.5 0 -1 89 .0 0
1 3 8 .0 0 -1 89 .0 0
1 8 8 .0 0 -2 93 .0 0

16
16

33
5
28

189
22
1 67
-

-

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE
OPERATORS --------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

190
1 18

3 9 .5
39. 5

1 79.00
179.00

188.50
169.00

1 9 5 .5 0 -2 00 .0 0
1 9 1 .5 0 -2 00 .0 0

-

-

-

_

“

~

2
2

17
17

1

“

93
93

23
11

95
99

9
i

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
CLASS A -------------------------------------------------------------

2 00.00

1 9 9 .0 0 -2 00 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

17

-

11

32

9

“

-

“
677
75
602

8

-

36
35

6

117
117

39
39

13
13

91
91

23

6
1
5

31
29
7
7

11

61

80
80

69

3 9 .5

196.00

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
CLASS B -------------------------------------------------------------

71

90. 0

16 2.5 0

195.50

1 9 0.0 0 -1 88 .5 0

-

-

-

-

93

2

-

1

12

13

-

MACHINE B I L L E R S -----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

303
297

9 0 .0
9 0 .0

23 0.5 0
29 7.5 0

225.00
270.00

1 5 9 .5 0 -3 10 .0 0
1 8 9 .0 0 -3 10 .0 0

-

9

2

2

16

9

8

32

2

-

-

-

-

55
99

-

“

-

30

-

30
30

PAYROLL CLERKS --------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

663

3 9 .5 21 9.0 0
9 0 .0 21 8.0 0
3 9. 5 21 2.0 0
90. 0 305.00

205.00
208.50
199.00
315.00

1 6 9.5 0 -2 39 .5 0

-

1

1

44

62

107

6
38

27
65

23
39

“

-

“

*

-

“

93
97
96
4

86

1

16
7
9

92

1 7 8.5 0 -2 90 .0 0
1 6 7 .0 0 -2 39 .5 0
2 5 1 .0 0 -3 9 1 .5 0

12
3
9

28
58
5

93
69
8

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------P UB LI C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

2.689

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
90. 0

1 7 3.0 0
1 76.00
172.00
297.50

167.00
172.50
163.50
290.00

1 5 0 .0 0 -1 88 .5 0
1 5 9 .0 0 -1 8 6 .5 0
1 9 8 .0 0 -1 88 .5 0
2 0 9 .5 0 -3 0 9 .0 0

357
71
286

329
1 21
203

136
59
82
18

99
6
93
35

1

9

-

13
9

12
11

1
1

22
9
13
13

-

-

508
196
312
7

21

776
1.908
188

61
61

9
9

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS A --------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

1.197
519
683
125

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
9 0 .0

1 88.00
1 79.00
1 99.50
27 3.5 0

176.00
179.50
182.00
309.00

1 6 6.0 0 -1 93 .0 0
1 6 5 .5 0 -1 8 7 .5 0
1 6 6.0 0 -2 09 .5 0
2 3 9 .0 0 -3 0 9 .0 0

303
139
169
2

87
35
52
10

53
3
50
32

19

_

11

61

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS B --------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

1.979
259
1.225
63

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 61.00
1 70.00
1 5 9.0 0
1 96.00

155.50
163.00
159.00
167.00

1 9 9 .0 0 -1 79 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0 -1 82 .0 0
1 9 0 .0 0 -1 72 .5 0
1 5 9 .0 0 -2 29 .5 0

203
55
198
5

97
17
30
8

96
3
93
3

251
912
86

-

1
“
-

31

-

-

160
12
198
11

_

19

5

-

-

-

31

_

120
1
119

-

-

19

_

31

-

-

106
1
105

-

-

31

52
22
30

106
69
92

293
113
130

239
120
119

-

-

305
99
256

218
57
161

298
32
216
17

100
22
78

-

See footnotes at end of tables.




5

336
199
192

5

99 3
197
396
17

5

155
12
193
11

5

-

_
99
28
16
5'

7
16
19

5

9

-

9

-

10

-

9

-

2
2

61
61

_

_
-

3
8
8

9
-

9
9

2

1

11

_

-

-

-

9
9

2
2

1
1

11
11

-

-

13
13

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers, Minneapolis— St. Paul,
Minn.—Wis., January 1979
Num ber o f w o rk ers re c e iv in g stra ig h t-tim e w eek ly earnings of—
Occupation and in d u s t r y d iv i si o n

'o t *
work era

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

$
Mean 2

Middle range2

Median 2

1*345
736
609
112

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) > CLASS A -----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

$

140

$
160

*
200

S

$
220

240

S
260

$
280

*

$
300

320

s

S
340

360

%
380

$
4 00

$
420

*
440

s

$

I
460

480

500

52 0
and

160

180

520 o v e r

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

440

4 60

480

500

2
-

21
1
20

17
5
12

26
2
24

*

200

“

“

38
18
20
2

76
20
56
3

97
31
66
10

165
86
79
7

193
78
115
15

146
104
42
14

153
117
36
16

159
104
55
9

119
89
30
12

81
55
26
12

36
20
16
8

9
3
6
1

6
3
3
3

9
3
6
1

6
3
3
3

-

_
-

“

-

$

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
40. 0

$
3 8 5.00
4 01.00
3 65.50
4 07.50

$
384.50
404.00
365.00
4 05.00

3 4 7.50-430.00
3 6 8 .5 0 -4 3 7 .0 0
3 2 5 .5 0 -4 0 8 .5 0
3 6 4.00-449.00

677
929
248
49

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

420.50
4 29.00
4 0 5.5 0
4 4 8.00

4 23.50
4 31.50
411.00
4 52.00

3 9 3.50-449.00
4 0 5 .0 0 -4 5 2 .0 0
3 6 8.00-445.00
4 1 8 .0 0 -4 7 4 .0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) • CLASS B -----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

536
252
284
53

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

360.00
371.00
3 4 9.50
379.50

359.50
369.50
353.00
392.50

3 3 6.00-383.00
3 5 0 .0 0 -3 9 3 .5 0
3 2 4 .0 0 -3 6 8 .0 0
3 3 6 .0 0 -4 1 3 .0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) t CLASS C -----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

120
55
65

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

306.00
315.50
2 9 8.50

310.50
31 3.0 0
299.00

2 6 9.5 0 -3 45 .5 0
2 9 1.5 0 -3 47 .0 0
2 3 6 .0 0 -3 4 5 .5 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) ------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

1>840
753
1 .087
168

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

3 1 5.50
3 3 1.50
304.50
3 5 6.50

3 10.50
324.50
299.00
3 63.50

2 7 5 .5 0 -3 5 0 .0 0
2 9 3 .5 0 -3 6 2 .5 0
2 6 0.0 0 -3 36 .0 0
3 0 1 .5 0 -4 0 0 .0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS A -----------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

497
156
341
45

3 9 .5
40. 0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

3 5 6.00
388.00
341.50
4 2 0.00

349.50
398.00
336.00
413.00

3
3
2
3

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) *
CLASS B -----------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

875
382
493
99

3 9 .5
40. 0
39. 0
4 0 .0

3 13.00
3 2 8.00
3 01.00
3 42.50

322.00
331.50
307.50
3 39.50

2 8 0 .5 0 -3 4 5 .0 0
3 0 1 .5 0 -3 5 6 .5 0
2 5 9.00-330.00
3 0 1 .5 0 -3 8 1 .0 0

“

6
~

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS C -----------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

431
224

3 9 .5
39. 0

2 74.50
2 58.00

2 76.00
260.00

2 5 3 .0 0 -2 9 5 .5 0
2 5 3 .0 0 -2 7 6 .0 0

_

_

-

COMPUTER OPERATORS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

1 .56 0
684
876
118

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

2 2 1.00
213.50
227.00
2 8 5.00

2 13.00
209.50
2 14.00
297.50

1 9 0 .0 0 -2 40 .0 0
1 8 5 .5 0 -2 3 2 .5 0
1 9 5 .5 0 -2 46 .5 0
2 4 8.50-347.50

1
1

COMPUTER OPERATORS! CLASS A -----------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ------------------ 1
------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

521
186
335
34

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
39. 0
4 0 .0

2 4 4.00
2 4 6.00
2 4 3.00
313.00

2 40.00
240.50
236.00
308.00

2 1 4 .0 0 -2 7 2 .0 0
219.0 0 -2 69 .0 0
2 1 3.00-275.00
2 9 8.50-333.00

0 7 .0 0 -4 0 5 .0 0
4 8 .5 0 -4 2 6 .0 0
8 8 .0 0 -3 8 5 .0 0
9 6 .0 0 -4 5 0 .0 0

-

-

1
1

-

-

2

“

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

2
-

-

-

2

“

“

“

“

_

_

-

-

-

-

1

_

6
6

-

_

_

-

“

19
1
18

2
-

2
-

2

2

51
4
47

82
14
68

“

“

1

”

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_
-

-

2

17

4

5

2

17

4

19
6
13

70
28
42
5

82
57
25
4

102
80
22
5

138
94
44
1

114
84
30
12

76
54
22
11

32
20
12
7

5
-

8
8

41
5
36
3

72
23
49
9

124
67
57
4

117
49
68
5

60
44
16
9

48
37
11
11

21
10
11
8

5
5
-

“

24
11
13
2

5
1
4
1

4
-

5

9
5
4

9
2
7

10
7
3

16
15
1

21
8
13

22
13
9

6
1
5

4
3
1

3
“
3

“

142
21
1 21
6

276
85
191
13

232
102
130
22

230
126
1 04
16

257
107
150
13

193
10 1
92
11

104
51
53
21

92
52
40
24

80
36
44
24

36
25
11
4

13

57
5
52

41
9
32

57
8
49

44
8
36

47
19
28
1

49
14
35
3

47
20
27
11

59
27
32
12

30
19
11
4

35
17
18
6

45
32
13
13

21
9
12
12

4
4
-

-

-

_

_

-

5

“

_

1
1

-

_

_

-

-

“

“

-

2
2

2
2

27
25

-

16
12
4

238
123
115

-

-

-

253
134
119
15

-

_

-

-

-

27
6
21

-

-

“

13

”

-

6

See footnotes at end o f tables.




*
180

an d
under
140

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S I N E S S ) ---------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

$

S
120

6

57
7
50
1

76
45
31
8

98
32
66
15

1 11
58
53
14

192
79
113
12

134
72
62
8

52
36
16
16

27
19

70
58

114
79

93
32

62
2

19
1

12
2

3
2

402
160
242
4

229

108
42
66
6

48
26
22
4

30

24

116
113
7

163
56
107
25

7
23
18

3
21
7

30
1
29
26

13
1
12
3

4
1
3
3

86
44
42
1

93
31
62
3

63
37
46
4

29
16
13
1

22
6
16
11

23
3
20
6

6
1
5
5

-

3

-

-

3
3

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

“

-

~

-

-

35
17
18
6

11
5
6
6

5
4
1
1

2
1
1
1

2
2
-

11
5
6
6

5
4
1
1

2
1
1
1

-

24
2
22

55
6
49

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_
_

-

-

_

_

-

-

_
-

“

_

“

149
42
107

“

4
1

“

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

i
i

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers, Minneapolis— St. Paul,
Minn.— Wis., January 1979— Continued
N um ber o f w o rk e rs re c e iv in g stra ig h t-tim e w eek ly earnings of—
Occup atio n and i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

Number
of
worker*

s

Average
weekly
(standard)

S
120

Mean2

Median2

Middle range2

9

*
180

160

s

$
200

220

s
240

*
260

9
280

9

*
300

320

*
340

S
36 0

$

t
380

4 00

*
420

*
440

t
460

*
480

*
500

520

and
under
140

COMPUTER OPERATORS -

$
140

and
280

360

38 0

1
-

24
-

12
-

7

1
1

24
21

12
3

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

1
1

121
91
30
16

160

180

200

220

240

260

-

68
11
57

219
106
113
4

134
67
67
6

68
23
45
22

25
5
20
2

19
10

8
1

9

7

3

9
5

2
2

_

_

-

300

320

340

400

420

440

over

4 60

480

500

520

-

-

-

CONTINUED

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

702
287
<115
82

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

$
2 24.00
2 17.50
2 28.00
276.00

$
212.00
216.50
210.00
248.50

$
$
1 9 7 .5 0 -2 37 .0 0
1 9 9 .0 0 -2 30 .0 0
1 9 5.5 0 -2 44 .5 0
2 3 1 .0 0 -3 4 7 .5 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS C -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

337
211
126

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
40. 0

1 8 0.5 0
179.50
1 8 2.0 0

174.00
174.00
180.00

1 6 8.0 0 -1 90 .0 0
1 6 7 .0 0 -1 90 .0 0
1 7 2 .5 0 -1 90 .0 0

PERIPHERAL EQUIPMENT OPERATORS ---------

70

4 0 .0

18 9.0 0

192.00

COMPUTER DATA LI B R A R IA N S ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

70
58

3 9 .0
39. 0

1 9 9.5 0

DRAFTERS -----------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------PU B LI C U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

1.856
1 » <105
651
77

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

D R AF T ER S. CLASS A -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

1
1
-

-

-

121
61
60
13

_
-

16
12
4

170
112
58

105
67
38

34
12
22

154.0 0 -2 11 .0 0

3

15

1

19

20

8

2

1 6 4 .5 0 -2 30 .0 0

10
6

19
17

8
8

8
4

20
19

1

1
1

_

_

200.50

1
1

-

-

2 7 4.0 0
276.50
26 6.5 0
32 3.5 0

271.50
277.00
267.50
328.00

2 2 4.5 0 -3 13 .5 0
2 2 4 .5 0 -3 17 .5 0
2 2 0 .5 0 -3 12 .5 0
2 6 3.0 0 -3 66 .0 0

-

11
11
-

58
20
38

133
105
28
1

215
171
44

232
1 76
56

4

183
123
60
1

206
1 71
35
3

217
165
52

4

18 3
130
53
10

600
507
-93

4 0 . 0 32 6.0 0
4 0 .0 324.50
40. 0 333.50

317.00
314.50
330.00

2 9 5 .5 0 -3 52 .0 0
2 9 5 .5 0 -3 49 .5 0
2 9 2 .0 0 -3 61 .0 0

_
-

-

-

-

_
-

-

D R AF T ER S. CLASS B -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

557
372
185

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

266.00
25 7.5 0
28 3.0 0

260.00
253.50
275.00

2 3 8 .0 0 -2 86 .5 0
2 3 6 .0 0 -2 77 .0 0
2 5 5 .0 0 -3 12 .5 0

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

D R AF T ER S. CLASS C -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

469
327
142

4 0 .0
40. 0
4 0 .0

2 11.00
211.00
210.50

207.00
207.00
204.00

1 9 5 .5 0 -2 25 .0 0
197.0 0 -2 22 .0 0
177.5 0 -2 30 .5 0

-

-

49
12
37

EL EC TR O N IC S T E C H N I C IA N S --------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------PU B LI C U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

1.503
1.264
239
225

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
40. 0
4 0 .0

296.00
2 83.50
362.50
359.50

275.00
272.00
406.00
418.50

2 3 7 .0 0 -3 51 .0 0
2 3 5.0 0 -3 27 .0 0
2 5 3 .5 0 -4 2 7 .0 0
2 5 3.5 0 -4 27 .0 0

“

-

-

-

ELE C TR ON IC S T E C H N I C I A N S . CLASS B -

372

4 0 .0

2 72.50

271.00

2 4 4 .0 0 -2 98 .0 0

-

RE61STE RED IN D U S TR IA L N U R S E S --------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

1 15
89

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

284.50
285.50

284.00
285.50

2 6 1.0 0 -2 95 .5 0
2 6 4 .5 0 -2 95 .5 0

-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

-

_

-

-

_

-

“

10 1
81
20
8

97
84
13
7

51
42
9
5

19
15
4
1

22
15
7
6

2

198.00
198.00

-

165.0 0 -2 30 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

9

-

5
5
“

2
2
2

-

_

-

-

-

-

2
2

17

44
44

123
116

58
52
6

22
15

5
5

-

7

68
56
12

19
15

-

89
67
22

23
18

13

128
113
15

5

4

7

-

2

_
-

-

-

4

52
31
21

96
81
15

126
105
21

108
71
37

69
50
19

70
25
45

16
8
8

9

7

4

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

1
8

7

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

106
79
27

151
140
11

109
75
34

22
13

31

1

9

23

1

103
103

75
75

-

-

175
158
17
17

214
210

-

259
215
44
44

83
81
2
2

1 07
90
17
17

71
70
1

4

-

114
112
2
2

-

84
59
25
25

71
30
41
28

10 1
15
86
86

-

_
-

_
-

_

~

45
45

-

_
-

-

-

-

17

65

59

109

34

44

21

15

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

1
1

7
3

18
11

24
20

39
34

16
15

3
1

1

3
3

2

-

1

-

-

-

*

_

See footn otes at end o f tables.




1
1
-

7

2

-

8

4

-

-

1

1
1

-

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
Minneapolis— St. Paul, Minn.— Wis., January 1979
Averane
(mean*)
Number

Oc cupation, s e x , 3 and ind us try d iv is io n

at

Weekly
earning!1
( standard)

worken

O FF I C E OCCUPATIONS -

HEN

ORDER CLERKS -----------------------------------------HANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONHANUF A C T U R I N 6 -----------------------ORDER CLERKSt CLASS A —
NONHANUFACTURING -------------ACCOUNTING CLERKSt CLASS B:
NONHANUFACTURIN6:
P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S ----------------

Avuut
(u u *)

Number

156
50
106

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
232.50
230.00
233.50

154
105

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

231.50
233.00

51

4 0 .0

2 13.00

Occupation, s e x , 3 and ind us try divi si on

at
wozken

Weekly
hours
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

Occupation, s e x . 3 and in d u s tr y d iv i si o n

Number
of
wotken

WttkW
houn
(standard)

Wt t Uy
tuning!3
(ftudvd)

OF FI CE OCCUPATIONS UOHEN— CONTINUED

O FF I C E OCCUPATIONS UOHEN— CONTINUED
T Y P I S T S - CONTINUED
T Y P I S T S t CLASS A -----HANUFACTURING ----------NONHANUFACTURING —
P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S

1 1 137
259
878
95

$
1 6 2.5 0
1 69.00
1 6 1.0 0
244.50

958
192
766
117

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 53.00
1 4 9.0 0
15 3.5 0
1 80.50

1 1288
97
1 1 1 91

T Y P I S T S t CLASS B --------HANUFACTURING ------------NONHANUFACTURING
PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S -

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 4 1.0 0
1 43.00
1 4 1.0 0

NONHANUFACTURING
B 00 KK EEP IN 6-H AC HIN E OPERATORSt
CLASS A ----------------------------------------------------BOOKKEEPING-HACHINE OPERATORSt
CLASS B -------------------------------------------------------

138
116

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

$
179.50
174.50

69

3 9 .5

1 96.00

O FF I C E OCCUPATIONS -

UOHEN

SE CRETARIES --------------------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

5 t 569
3 1053
328

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

213.50
2 13.50
2 84.50

F I L E CLERKSt CLASS B
NONHANUFACTURING -----PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S -

696
661
82

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 47.00
1 47.00
235.50

S E CR ET AR IE S t CLASS A -----------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

560
325
71

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

256.50
2 55.00
325.50

F I L E CLERKSt CLASS C
HANUFACTURING ------------NONHANUFACTURING ------

512
61
451

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

127.50
1 35.50
1 26.50

SE CR ET AR IE S t CLASS B -----------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------P UB LI C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

1 1 414
891
89

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

2 30.00
2 28.50
3 18.50

HESSEN6ERS --------------------HANUFACTURING -----NONHANUFACTURING

362
125
237

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

13 0.0 0
1 37.50
12 6.0 0

S EC R ET A R IE S t CLASS C l
NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

1 1002
65

3 9 .0
4 0 .0

2 01.50
260.00

SUITCHBOARO OPERATORS ------------------------------HANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

387
65
322

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

16 0.5 0
185.00
155.50

S E C R ET AR IE S t CLASS D -----------------------------HANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------P UB LI C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

1 1366
657
709
92

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

1 92.00
191.50
193.00
240.00

SUITCHBOARO OP ER A T O R -R E C E P TI O N IS T S HANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------

872
234
638
66

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 63.00
170.00
160.50
19 4.0 0

OROER CLERKS ---------------HANUFACTURING -----NONHANUFACTURING

606
175
431

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

181.00
182.50
180.50

OROER CLERKSt CLASS
HANUFACTURING ----------NONHANUFACTURING —

3 51
74
277

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

19 2.5 0
194.00
192.00

OROER CLERKSt CLASS B
HANUFACTURING ---------------NONHANUFACTURING ---------

255
1 01
15*

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

166.00
174.00
160.50

5 t 4 81
1 1 593
3 t 888

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

18 0.0 0
179.00
18 0.5 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKSt CLASS A:
HANUFACTURING -----------------------------

666

3 9 .5

1 9 7.5 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKSt CLASS B
HANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONHANUFACTURIN6 --------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------

3t421
917
2 1 504
482

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 69.00
1 66.00
1 70.00
23 5.5 0

SE CR ET AR IE S t CLASS E -----------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

224
124

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

19 8.0 0
208.00

STENOGRAPHERS ---------------------------------------------------HANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

1 1 335
611
724

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

182.50
1 7 6.5 0
1 8 7.5 0

STENOGRAPHERS! SENIOR --------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

823
419

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

180.00
179.00

STENOGRAPHERS! GENERAL -----------------------HANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

512
207
305

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

186.50
167.50
199.50

TRANSCR IBIN G-HA CH INE T Y P I S T S -------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

107
61

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

16 8.0 0
1 6 8.0 0

T Y P IS T S -------------------------------------------------------------------HANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

2 t 103
459
1 1644
212

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 58.00
160.00
1 57.50
209.00

ACCOUNTING CLERKS —
HANUFACTURING -----NONHANUFACTURING

See footn otes at end o f tables.




8

1 63.00

NONHANUFACTURING
F I L E CLERKS ------------------HANUF A C T U R I N G -----NONHANUFACTURING

4 0 .0

303
247

4 0 .0
40. 0

2 3 0.50
2 47.50

HANUFACTURING -----NONHANUFACTURING

573
214
359

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

210.50
217.00
2 0 7.00

2t4 0 1
1 1 7 94

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 69.00
167.50

NONHANUFACTURING
KEY ENTRY OPERATORSt CLASS At
NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------------

69

613

3 9 .5

183.00

1 1408
227
I t 181
63

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

161.00
169.50
1 59.00
1 96.00

1 1003
479
90

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

3 9 2.50
3 7 7.00
4 1 5.5 0

COHPUTER SYSTEHS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ! t CLASS A -----------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

543
202
43

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

4 2 3.5 0
4 1 5.0 0
4 5 0.00

COHPUTER SYSTEHS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ! t CLASS B -----------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

376
228
39

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

3 6 3.00
3 5 5.5 0
3 9 0.5 0

76

3 9 .5

3 2 9.50

1 1 3 97
562
835
12 0

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

3 2 0.50
3 3 7.50
3 0 9.00
3 6 5.50

KEY ENTRY OPERATORSt CLASS B --------HANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURIN6 -------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

PROFESSIONAL AND T ECH NI CAL
OCCUPATIONS - HEN

(B U S IN ES S ! ------------------------NONHANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S

COHPUTER SYSTEHS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ! ! CLASS C ----------COHPUTER PROGRAHHERS (B U S I N E S S !
HANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex
Minneapolis— St. Paul, Minn.— Wis., January 1979— Continued
A VMM#
(mean*)

Occu pa tion ,

and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

at
wodcen

PROFESSIONAL
OCCUPATIONS -

W h
eek r
hours
(standard)

Weekly

COHPUTER PROGRAHHERS ( B U S I N E S S )
CONTINUED

Occupation, sex,

and ind us try div is io n

earning,1
(standard)

AND TE CH NI CA L
HEN— CONTINUED

pro fession al

OCCUPATIONS -

COHPUTER PROGRAHHERS ( B U S I N E S S ) ,
CLASS A ---------------------------------------------------------HANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------------------PU B LI C U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------

436
143
293
38

3 9 . 5 3 6 0 .0 0
4 0 . 0 3 8 8 .0 0
3 9 . 0 3 4 6 .5 0
40.0 418.50

COHPUTER PROGRAHHERS ( B U S I N E S S ) ,
CLASS B ----------------------------------------------------------HANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------------------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------

626
278
348
62

3 9 .5 3 1 5 .0 0
4 0 . 0 3 2 9 ,5 0
3 9 . 0 3 0 3 .0 0
4 0 . 0 3 5 4 .0 0

COHPUTER PROGRAHHERS ( B U S I N E S S ) ,
CLASS C ----------------------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

302
165

3 9 . 5 2 7 5 .5 0
3 9 . 0 2 5 8 .0 0

$

and

Number
of
woiken

Weekly
Weekly
houn
earnings1
(standard) (standard)

ORAFTERS ----------------------------------------------------------------HANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

3 9 . 5 2 2 2 .0 0
3 9 .5 2 1 4 .5 0
39. 0 228.00

COHPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A
HANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------

353
116
237

3 9 . 0 2 4 1 .5 0
4 0 . 0 2 4 7 .0 0
39.0 239.00

COHPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B
HANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------

370
152
218

39.0
3 9 .5
39.0

1 ,5 5 3
1 ,1 7 9
374
65

4 0.0
4 0.0
4 0.0
40.0

2 8 0 .0 0
2 8 0 .5 0
2 7 8 .0 0
3 3 9 .0 0

534

4 0.0

3 2 6 .5 0

COHPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C -----------H A N U F A C T U R I N 6 ---------------------NONHANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

178
127
51

40.0
40.0
39.5

1 7 7 .5 0
1 7 6 .5 0
1 8 0 .5 0

HANUF Ac TURI NG
NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

89

U k AF T E K b i CLASb B
HANUFACT URING
NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

490
309
181

40.0
40.0
40.0

341
254
87

2 2 6 .5 0

ELEC TRO NIC S T E C H NI CI AN S ---------------------------

1 ,3 4 6

COHPUTER PROGRAHHERS ( B U S I N E S S ) ,
CLASS B ------------------------------------------------------------

208
1*»3
37

$
3 9 . 5 3 0 2 .5 0
3 9 .0 2 9 6 .0 0
4 0 . 0 3 2 3 .0 0

COHPUTER PROGRAHHERS ( B U S I N E S S ) ,
115
58

2 6 5 .5 0
2 5 4 .5 0
2 8 4 .0 0
COHPUTER OPERATORS ----------------------------------------

576
243
333

3 9 . 5 2 7 1 .5 0
3 9 . 5 2 1 3 .5 0
2 06 .5 0
2 1 9 .0 0

39.5

2 9 7 .0 0

357

40.0

2 7 3 .5 0

PROFESSIONAL AND TEC HNI CAL
OCCUPATIONS - UOHEN
ICOHPUTER SYSTEHS ANALYSTS
(B USINESS):
NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

118

39.0

388
249
48

39.5
39.0
40.0

2 9 7 .0 0
2 9 0 .0 0
333.50

3 9 . 5 2 5 0 .5 0

290
115
175

3 9 . 5 2 1 4 .5 0
3 9 .5 2 1 0 .5 0
3 9 . 5 2 1 7 .0 0

148
78
70

40.0
40.0
40.0

1 83 .5 0
1 83 .5 0
1 83 .5 0

53

39.0

1 98 .5 0

77

4 0. 0 2 11 .5 0

IOC
7*

3 9 . 5 2 8 3 .0 0
3 9 .5 2 8 3 .5 0

3 2 1 .0 0

COHPUTER PROGRAHHERS ( B U S I N E S S ) ------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

88

COHPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B
HANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------COHPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C
HANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

40.0

COHPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A1
NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

COHPUTER DATA LI BR AR IA NS -------------------------

ELEC TRO NIC S T E C H N I C I A N S , CLASS B -

COHPUTER PROGRAHHERS ( B U S I N E S S ) ,
CLASS A
------- ~ _

S ee footn otes at end o f ta b les.




W
eekly
W
eekly
houn
earning*1
[standard) (standard)

COHPUTER PROGRAHHERS ( B U S I N E S S ) CONTINUED

4 0 . 0 2 1 2 .5 0
4 0 . 0 2 0 9 .5 0
4 0 . 0 2 2 1 .0 0

4 0 . 0 3 3 2 .5 0

225.00
222.00

Oc cupation, s e x .3 and ind us try div is io n

Number
of
woiken

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - UOHEN— CONTINUED

te ch n ic al

HEN— CONTINUED

NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

901
395
506

COHPUTER OPERATORS
HANUFACTURING —
NONHANUFACTURIN6

Average
(mean*)

Average
(mean*)

Number

9

drafters:

NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------REGISTERED

61

3 9.0

326.00

IN DU S TR IA L NURSES

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers
Minneapolis— St. Paul, Minn.— Wis., January 1979
Hourly earnings 4

Num ber o f w o rk e rs re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e hou rly earnings of—
s
4 .9 0

Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

%
5 .0 0

S
5 .1 0

i
5 .2 0

i
5 .3 0

5
5 .4 0

*
5 .5 0

1
5 .6 0

$
5 .8 0

s
6 .2 0

S
6 .6 0

%
7 .0 0

*
7 .4 0

S

7.8 0

S
8 .2 0

*
8 .6 0

*
9 .0 0

*
9 .4 0

5 .1 0

5 .2 0

5 .3 0

5 .4 0

5 .5 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .2 0

6 .6 0

7 .0 0

7 .4 0

7 .8 0

8 .2 0

8 .6 0

9 .0 0

o
S
T
•
o

Occupation and i nd us tr y divi si on

Number
of
workers

9 .8 0 1 0 .2 0 1 0 . 6 0 1 1 . 0011 . 4 0 1 1 . 8 0

5
5

28
20
8
8

23
21
2
2

7
7

-

25
11
14
7

-

4
2
2
-

S
s --------1-----*
%
9 .8 0 1 0 . 2 0 1 0 . 6011 . 0 0 1 1 . 4 0

and

under
5 .0 0

MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS -----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

153
76
77
44

$
8 .52
8 .35
8.68
7 .80

$
8 .08
8 .25
7 .91
7 .79

$
$
7 .7 0 - 9 .88
7 .8 3 - 8 .45
6 .8 2 - 1 0 .4 6
6 .7 9 - 7.91

22
2
20
20

MAINTENANCE E L E C T R I C I A N S -----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

440
366

9.25
9.09

9.31
8 .94

8 .6 4 - 1 0 .00
8 .4 7 - 9 .46

2
2

11
11

45
45

6
6

43
41

86
81

MAINTENANCE P AI N TE R S ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

99
58

8 .68
8.55

8 .50
8 .46

7.89 8 .42 -

9 .60
8 .98

2
2

6

9

12

-

5

6

20
16

MAINTENANCE M A CH IN IS TS -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

520
512

8.85
8.83

9 .08
9 .06

8 .49 8 .49 -

9 .08
9 .08

1
1

12
12

7
7

24
24

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY) MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

927
828
99
39

7.88
7.90
7.73
8.98

7 .97
7 .97
7 .69
8 .45

7 .19 7 .19 6 .07 8 .45 -

8 .52
8 .52
8 .45
9 .87

55
55

74
74

105
105

157
135

77
70

-

-

-

22

7
3

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR V E H IC L E S ) -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

1 >215
73
I t 142
1.070

8.90
8 . 17
8.94
9.00

9 .75
8 . 17
9 .75
9 .75

8
7
8
9

9 .75
9 .10
9 .75
9 .75

MAINTENANCE P I P E F I T T E R S --------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

127
112

9 .56
9.40

9 .41
9.41

9 .4 1 - 1 0 .0 9
9 . 4 1 - 9 .71

MILLWRIGHTS ---------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

177
169

8.84
8.82

8 .70
8 .61

8 .42 8 .42 -

9 .20
9 .20

.61 .02 .76 .38 -

MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPER SI
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

77

6 .91

7 .21

6 .9 2 -

69
66

7.86
7.82

7 .88
7 .88

7 .52 7 .43 -

7 96
795

8.93
8.92

8 .96
8 .96

8 .60 8 .60 -

563
123
440

8.30
8.87
8 .14

8 .77
9 . 10
8 .77

7 .97 8 .50 7 .87 -

8 .97
9 .26
8 .97

BOILER TENDERS -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

311
227

7.84
7 .79

7 .97
7 .97

6 .85 6 .85 -

8 .79
8 .33

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

19
19

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

.

1
1

48
18
30

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

“

-

_

-

-

-

-

150
150

-

1
1
1

-

20
20
“

1
1

12
12

18

-

-

37
35

74
74

51
-

43
37

_

28
23

21
21

2
2

15
2

4
3

5
-

1
-

1
-

120
120

81
81

218
218

34
31

16
16

6

1
1

_

187
164
23
20

23
21

88

62
62

16
1
15
15

16
16

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

~

“

57
10
47
21

-

“

1
-

1

-

5
4
1
“

48
41
41

45
1
44
36

3
3

4

4

4
4

5
5

2
2

59
59

30
30

4

-

2

18
17
1
“

7

88

-

“

1

9

-

-

_

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

80

720

9

8

71
56

712
711

59
5
54
54

-

71
71

30
28

_

8
-

-

_

24
24

-

-

_

52
44

-

53
12
12

9

17
17

25

9

22

2
2

“

-

“

-

-

-

45
45

18
18

9
9

98
98

240
240

262
262

98
98

3
2

23
23

_

_

-

-

36
16
20

51
5
46

45
13
32

231
22
209

76
41
35

25
21
4

11
5

_

_

_

-

-

-

6

-

-

-

16

71
71

14
14

82
30

10
10

7
7

3
3

_

_

_

15

18

_

3

_

_

6

9

_

18

1

18

15

18

-

3

-

-

6

9

-

18

1

18

_

_

_

-

_

_

-

-

32
12

9

40
38

27
27

10

_

4

-

-

-

6

9

14
11

-

4
4

See footnotes at end o f tables.




23
2
21
6

12
3

-

4
3
1
1

-

2
2

-

150

9.21
9 .21

STATIONARY ENGINEERS ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

-

-

8.22
8 .22

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

-

-

7.21

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS (TOOLROOM) MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

_

-

6

_

Table A -5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers, Minneapolis— St. Paul
Minn.— Wis., January 1979
Hourly eeraings *

Num ber o f w o rk ers re c e iv in g stra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earnings of—
s
*
2 . 9 0 3 .0 0

Number
Occupation and i nd us tr y d iv is io n
w
orkers

Mean 2 Median2

Middle range 2

*
3 .1 0 3 . 2 0

$
3 .4 0

3 .2 0 3 . 4 0

3 .6 0 3 . 8 0

%

3.60

s
*
3.80 4.00

S
S
4 .4 0 4 .8 0

s
*
5 .2 0 5 .6 0

$
6.00

s

$
s
6 .4 0 6 . 8 0 7 . 2 0

t

7 .6 0

*
8 .0 0

S
S
*
8. 40 8 .8 0 9 . 2 0

4.00

4.40

4 .8 0

5 .2 0

5 .6 0

6 .0 0

6.40

6 .8 0

8 .0 0

8 .4 0

8r 80 9*20. 9 . 6 0 1 0 . 0 0 1 0 . 4

402
107
295
6

83
17
66

and
under
7 .2 0 7 . 6 0

3 .0 0

$
9 .3 8
9.69
9 .3 8
9 .3 8

1
I
9.60 10 .0

3 .1 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

33
33

51
9
42

9
9

35
19
16

14
14
-

140
39
101

41
22
19
4

298
240
58
6

331
34
297

4

229
56
173
47

9
-

_

30
11

_

110
101

19
15

15
11

56
56

14
14

15
15

~

-

TRUCKORIVERS ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------P UB LI C U T I L I T I E S -----------------------

6 .2 6 4
1 .1 9 4
5 .0 7 0
3 .4 9 4

$
8.86
8.50
8.94
9.35

$
9.38
9 .2 1
9 .3 8
9.38

$
8 .2 0 7 .0 6 9 .3 8 9 .3 8 -

TRUCKOR IVE RS . L I G H T TRUCK -------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

428
256

7 .3 1
6.42

7.00
6 .2 7

6 . 2 7 - 9.69
6 . 2 7 - 7 .4 8

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

33
33

TRUCKOR IVE RS . MEDIUM TRUCK —
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

1 .4 1 7
202

8.77
7.37

9 .3 8
6.87

8 . 2 0 - 9 .3 8
6 . 8 7 - 7 .6 9

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

30

9

5

13
13

11
11

5
5

90
9 0.

55
9

57
45

97
3

49

1
“

969
“

TR UCKORIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK --------

495

9.02

9 .3 8

9 .3 8 -

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

-

-

-

19

9

5

19

5

6

6

5

409

_

182
146
36

201
6
195

153
11
142

110
104
6

13
1
12

162
12
150

1
1

-

24
24

26

114
10
104

33
24
9

-

38

-

38

“

-

-

9 .5 9

-

-

TRUCK DR IVE RS. T R A C T O R -T R A IL E R
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

2 .6 0 3
545
2 .0 5 8

8.98
8 .6 4
9.06

9 .3 8
8 .9 7
9.38

8 . 4 8 - 9 .5 4
7 . 0 6 - 9.74
9 . 3 8 - 9.46

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

SHIPPERS -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

437
200
237

7.45
6.60
8.17

7 .9 7
6 .4 1
8 .0 1

6 . 4 1 - 8 .0 1
5 . 8 4 - 7 .3 1
8 . 0 1 - 8.20

-

_

_

_

-

_

_

5

_

_

-

-

-

-

1
1

35
28
7

13
12
1

59
44
15

24
18

-

61
60
1

2

-

25
25
-

RECEIV ERS -----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

544
153
391

6.89
6.84
6.91

7.19
6 . 99
7 . 19

5 . 7 9 - 8 .0 1
6 . 0 7 - 7.70
5 . 5 0 - 8 .0 1

_
-

-

_
-

9
9

21
21

9

8

45
23
22

36
12
24

60
11
49

56
23
33

24
16

SHIPPERS ANO R ECEIVER S -------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

329
257

6.74
6.53

6 .6 1
6.55

5 . 8 8 - 7.50
5 .8 8 - 7.37

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

37
37

58
30

37
37

41
41

_

-

47
47

WAREHOUSEMEN ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

1 .7 2 6
419
1.3 0 7

7.62
5.69
8 . 24

8 .0 1
5 .4 5
8 . 15

6 . 6 7 - 8.90
4 . 7 1 - 6.60
7 .9 7 - 8.90

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

71
26
45

105
45
60

148
148

389
24
365

OROER F I L L E R S ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUF A C T U R I N G ----------------------------

3 .6 6 0
914
2 .7 4 6

6.62
5.67
6.94

7.16
5 .6 2
7 .1 6

5 . 2 5 - 8.00
4 . 5 0 - 7.11
7 . 0 8 - 8 .0 0

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

65
54
11

276
89
187

67
45
22

SH IP P IN G PACKERS -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

1 .3 1 8
618
700

6.31
6.27
6.34

6.20
6 .1 5
6 .2 7

5 .0 0 - 7.19
5 .9 5 - 6.94
4 . 9 0 - 7 .1 9

-

10

_

17

_

-

9

-

9
9

9

-

9
9

-

1

-

-

8

-

MATERIAL HANOLING LABORERS --------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PU B LI C U T I L I T I E S ----------------------

5 .2 6 9
1 .6 5 5
3 .6 1 4
2 .4 1 7

7.84
6.84
8 . 29
9.28

8 .1 0
6 .7 0
9 .3 8
9 .3 8

6 .4 8 6 .0 3 7 .1 6 9 .3 8 -

9 .3 8
7 .6 6
9 .3 8
9 .3 8

11
11

7

5

-

-

7

5

62
20
42

39
39

F O R K L I F T OPERATORS -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------

1.7 4 4
1.3 1 2
432
46

7.64
7.27
8.77
9.16

7 . 49
6.98
9 .3 8
9 .3 8

6 .4 4 - 8.40
6 . 4 1 - 8 .2 4
8 .0 8 - 9.53
9 . 3 8 - 9 .3 8

-

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

POWER-TRUCK OPERATORS
(OTHER THAN F O R K L I F T ) --------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

162
156

7.25
7.24

7 . 14
7 .0 8

6 .5 9 6 .5 9 -

8.00
8.00

5

“

-

-

5
5

11
1
10

53

2

25
23

1

5
5

51

2

_

-

-

-

-

9
9

64
44

8

-

4
4
101
95
6

19
19
-

92
89
3

96
19
77

9
9

58
54

4

60
44
16

132
27
105

149
121
28

159
18
141

133
69
64

143
113
30

47
46
1

68
65
3

996
30
966

80
49
31

116
28
88

179
38
141

29

219
190
29

203
38
165

-

20

109
55
54

77
77

-

31
9
22

30
30

6
6

51
51

79
9
70

168
85
83

185
141
44

175
52
123
52

369
307
62
-

461
221
240
4

186
59
127

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

9
9

27
27

24
24

178
177
1

19
19
-

341
335
6

205
180
25

_

_

_

_

_

-

See footnotes at end o f ta b les.




11

54

9
45

_

~

8
8

.

9

_

8

_

5
5

“

39
39

30
30

6

8

36 3923
12 203
24 3720
“ 3427

639
422
217
“

-

127
”

24 1437
4
7
17 1433

22

44
4
40

483
266
217

26

2
-

-

-

26
26

8

256

270

256

270

8

-

183

-

42 1066
41
138
1 928

-

“

“

183

“

60
60
“

224
78
146

-

-

26

-

26

”

103
82
21
13

511
507

349
128
221

31
19
12
“

-

2441
25
- 2416
“ 2344

-

154
135
19

18
6
12
6

333
212
121
~

23
20
3

3
3
-

19
13

4
4

2
2

56
56

-

215
8
207
40

"
_

“
190
152
38
“

_

2

2

1
1

Table A -5 . Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers*, Minneapolis— St. Paul
Minn.— Wis., January 1979— Continued
Hourly camingi

Num ber o f w o rk ers re c e iv in g stra ig h t-tim e h ourly earnings of—
1 --------- 1---------1 ---------1 ---------1 ---------1 ---------1 --------- $
S
S
$
i
$
2 .9 0 3 . 0 0 3 .1 0 3 . 2 0 3 .9 0 3 .6 0 3 . 8 0 9 . 0 0 9 .9 0 9 .8 0 5 .2 0 5 .6 0 6 . 0 0 6 . 9 0

S
S
6 .80 7.20

f
7 .60

s

6.80

7.20

7.60

8.00

a .A Q 8 . 8 0

67
57
10
10

*

Occupation and ind us try div ision

of
workers

Mean 2 Medien2

Middle M|C 2

S
8.90

t
s
8 . 80 9 . 2 0

f
*
9.60 10 .0 0

an d
under

3 .2 0 3 . 9 0

3.00

3 .1 0

1009
1009

662
662

110
110

GUARDS ---------------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

3 .1 5 8
377
2 .7 8 1
35

$
3.88
6.32
3.55
8.18

$
3 .0 0
6.23
3.00
8 .6 6

$
$
2 . 9 6 - 9.70
5 . 7 2 - 7.11
2 . 9 0 - 9.35
7 . 3 5 - 8.66

GUARDS. CLASS B -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

1 .9 6 6
392
1 .6 2 9

3.73
6.21
3.20

3.00
6.23
3 .0 0

2 .9 6 5 .7 2 2.9 6-

3.50
6.79
3 .0 1

650
650

620
620

98
98

66

J A N I T O R S . PO RTERS. AND CLEANERS ------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

7 .8 3 8
1 .6 1 6
6 .2 2 2
269

9 .93
5.79
9.09
6.59

9 . 15
5 .5 8
3.92
6.68

3 .9 7 5 .1 7 3 .9 0 6 .3 8 -

9 .8 9
6.98
9.79
7.22

181
-

875

1 61

872

115
115

3

131
2

129

3.60

3 .8 0 9 . 0 0

113
1
112

9
2

7
2

69

67
1
66

919
35
379

725
8
717

722
26
696

2

2

2
-

12

9 .9 0

9 .8 0 5 . 2 0

5.60 6.00 6.90

9
2
7

58
7
51

513
10
50 3

57
19
93

35
A
29

121
98
23

122
66
56

53
99
9

98
96

5
2

38

92
10
32

29
19
15

18
6
12

98
98
“

66
66

52
99
3

17
17

67
57
10

699 1521
53
80
619 1968
2
13

538
193
395
15

536
968
68

156
102
59
19

293
169
79
92

382
295

79
57
22
22

90
22
68
68

3

910
12
398
3

See footnotes at end o f tables.




8.00

7
31

3

87

73

2

7

7
-

7
7
“
105
53
52

9 . 20 9 . 6 0 1 0 . 0 0 1 0 . 9 0

8
9
9

26
6
20
20

-

-

-

9
9

20
20

-

-

-

“

“

“

-

-

12
12
12

-

90
90
-

-

-

-

Table A -6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement
and custodial workers, by sex, Minneapolis— St. Paul, Minn.— Wis., January 1979
O ccupation ,

s e x , 3 and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
worker.

Average
(mean*)
hourly
earnings4

MA INT EN ANC E. TOOLROOM. AND
POUERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - MEN

O ccupation ,

an d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number Average
[mean2)
of
w
orker* hourly
earning*4

O ccu p ation ,

s e x , 3 and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
w
orkers

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CU STODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

MATERIAL MOVEMENT ANO CU STODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - HEN
$

MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS!
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

76

$
8.35

MAINTENANCE E L E C T R I C I A N S -----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

435
366

9.25
9 .09

MAINTENANCE P AI N TE R S ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

93
55

8 .71
8.54

MAINTENANCE M A CH IN IS TS -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

518
510

8.85
8.83

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY! MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

923
828
95

7 .88
7.90
7.71

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR V E H I C L E S ! -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

1.215
73
1 .142
1.070

8.90
8.17
8.94
9.00

MAINTENANCE P I P E F I T T E R S --------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

126
112

MILLWRIGHTS --------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

Average
mean2)
hourly
earning*4

$

TRUCKDRIVERS ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

6.24 5
1.194
5 .05 1
3 .47 5

8 .86
8.50
8 .95
9 .36

MATERIAL HANOLING LABORERS ------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------P UB LI C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

4 .94 6
1 .584
3 .36 2
2.404

7 .97
6 .90
8 .48
9 .29

TR UCKDRIVERS. L I G H T TRUCK ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

428
256

7 .31
6.42

F O R K L I F T OPERATORS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

1 .716
1.296
420

7 .66
7 .28
8.81

TRUCKDRIVERS. MEDIUM TRUCK -------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

1.409
202

8 .77
7 .37

TR UCKDRIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK -----------------

495

9.02

POWER-TRUCK OPERATORS
(OTHER THAN F O R K L I F T ! -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

162
156

7 .25
7 .24

TR UCKDRIVERS. T R A C T O R -T R A IL E R ------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

2 .60 2
545
2 . 0 57

8.98
8.64
9 .06

GUARDS ---------------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURIN6 -------------------------------------

2 .60 6
2 .32 9

3 .83
3 .57

SHIPPERS ----------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

413
188
225

7.56
6.66
8 .31

GUARDS. CLASS B -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

1 .529
1.286

3 .58
3 .14

J A N I T O R S . PO RTERS. AND CLEANERS!
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

1.234

5 .68

9.57
9 .40

RECEIVERS --------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

435
146
289

7.21
6 .88
7.37

177
169

8.84
8 .82

SHIPPERS AND RECEIVERS -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

307
235

6.68
6 .43

ORDER F I L L E R S ----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

904
421
483

4.78
4 .51
5 .02

MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPERS!
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

75

6 .90

WAREHOUSEMEN ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

1.602
380
1.222

7.64
5.66
8 .26

S H IPP ING PACKERS --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

481
199

5 .29
5 .63

MA CH IN E- TO OL OPERATORS (TOOLROOM! MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

69
66

7 .86
7 .82

7.26
6.65
7.39

5 .48

8 .93
8 .92

2.711
493
2 .218

71

796
795

ORDER F I L L E R S ----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

MATERIAL HANDLIN6 LABORERS!
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

TOOL ANO OI E MAKERS ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

6.93
6 .58
7.32

3 .22

8 .28
8 .87
8.11

805
419
386

428

546
123
423

SH IPP ING PACKERS --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

GUARDS!
NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

S T AT IO N AR Y ENGINEERS ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURIN6 -------------------------------------

GUARDS. CLASS B!
NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

316

3.08

BO ILE R TENDERS -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

311
227

7 .84
7 .79

S e e fo o t n o t e s a t end o f ta b le s .




13

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected occupational groups.
Minneapolis—St. Paul, M inn.—Wis., for selected periods
J a n u a ry 1972 J a n u a ry 1973 J a n u a ry 1974 Ja n u a ry 1975
In d u s tr y and o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p 5

to

to

to

to

J a n u a ry 1973 J a n u a ry 1974 J a n u a ry 1975 Ja n u a ry 1976

A l l in d u s tr ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ____________________________________________
E le c t r o n ic d a ta p r o c e s s in g ________________ _________
In d u s t r ia l n u r s e s _________________________________________
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s ___________________________
U n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s . ____________________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ____________________________________________
E le c t r o n ic d ata p r o c e s s in g _________ ____ _________
In d u s t r ia l nu rs e s ____________________________ _________
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s _____________________________
U n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s . . . __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l __________________________________________
E le c t r o n ic d ata p r o c e s s in g . __________________________
In d u s t r ia l n u r s e s __________________________________________
U n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s _______________________________




See

footnotes

at end

of

5.1

6.2

( 6)
5.9
6.8
6.8

( 6)
5.6
6.4
6.1

4.2

5.4

( 6)
5.4
6.4
6.3

( 6)
6.4
6.1
6.6

5.5

6.7

( 6)
( 6)
7.1

( 6)
( 6)
5.8

tab les.

14

J a n u a ry 1976 J a n u a ry 1977 J a n u a ry 1978
to

to

to

J a n u a ry 1977 J a n u a ry 1978 J a n u a ry 1979

8.6
8.4
7.8
9.2
9.3

7.7
6.5
9.9
8.1
7.7

7.9
5.5
8.2
8.7
8.9

8.0
7.3
6.8
8.2
8.1

8.6
8.5
7.6
8.3
8.1

7.7
6.9
6.5
9.0
9.3

7.9
5.0
9.8
8.9
10.1

8.1
5.8
9.0
8.8
8.3

7.1
6.5
6.3
8.1
9.5

8.7
8.5
7.5
8.5
8.7

9.0
10.2

7.6
7.8

7.7
5.0

8.4
8.1

8.5
8.4

( 6)
9.2

( 6)
6.7

( 6)
9.2

( 6)
7.5

( 6)
7.9

Table A -8. Average pay relationships within establishments for white-collar occupations
Minneapolis-St. Paul, M in n.-W is., January 1979
O f f ic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a tio n s b ein g c o m p a r e d —

ecretaries

O c c u p a tio n w h ic h e q u a ls 100

Class A
S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS A........................
S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS B........................
S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS C........................
S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS 0 ........................
S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS E ........................
STENOGRAPHERS. SENIO R......................
STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL...................
TRA NSC RIB IN G-M ACH IN E T Y P I S T S . .
T Y P I S T S . CLASS A..................................
T Y P I S T S . CLASS R..................................
F I L E C LE R KS . CLASS A........................
F I L E CL ER KS . CLASS R........................
F I L E CL ER KS . CLASS C........................
MESSENGERS..................................................
SUITCHB0AR0 OPERATORS......................
SWITCHBOARD OPERATORR E C E P T I O N I S T S .......................................
ORDER C L E R K S . CLASS A......................
ORDER C LE R K S . CLASS B......................
ACCOUNTING CLE R KS . CLASS A . . . .
ACCOUNTING CLE R KS . CLASS B . . . .
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS
CLASS A.......................................................
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS
CLASS B.......................................................
PAYROLL CLER KS ........................................
KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS A . .
KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS B . .

Stenographers

Tran­
Typists
scribingm
achine
General typists Class A Class B

Class B

Class C

Class D

ClassE

Senior

100
114
129
147
146
134
164
151
170
180
142
167
217
188
145

100
118
129
138
128
139
133
148
164
127
154
176
168
130

100
117
(6 )
117
134
136
133
145
(6 )
138
170
148
118

100
116
108
120
(6)
120
132
(6 )
135
143
142
114

100
(6)
110
115
119
123
105
126
(61
130
109

100
119
108
109
123
98
118
(6 )
131
103

100
98
100
115
106
116
(61
119
97

100
102
119
101
118
129
127
92

100
115
107
110
122
122
96

100
112
102
107
109
86

166
122
159
127
155

149
148
136
119
140

124
99
134
104
125

121
95
100
97
119

110
(61
(6 )
91
102

140
89
(6 )
93
111

109
(6 )
(61
87
100

98
(6 )
(6 )
90
103

98
82
109
88
103

95
72
93
79
90

(61

139

(6 )

(6 )

(6 )

(6 )

(6 )

(6 )

(6 )

(6 )

(61
128
144
156

(61
119
128
. 146

(6 )
104
114
130

(6)
96
107
126

(6 )
82
102
119

(6 )
93
102
114

(6 )
87
93
104

(6)
90
97
104

(6 )
76
91
103

(61
72
84
99

File clerks

Switch­
board
Switch­
M
essen- board operatorgets operators recep­
tionists

Class A

Class B

Class C

100
124
(6 )
124
105

100
129
106
87

100
97
71

100
77

78
68
(6 )
65
77

81
63
85
73
84

102
(6 )
97
90
105

(6 )

(6 )

(6 )

(6 )

(6 )
89
99
. no

92
76
81
95

(6 )
59
71
76

(6 )
72
79
89

Accounting clerks

Bookkeeping machine
operators

Key entiy operator*
clerks

100

90
78
96
78
89

Order clerks

94
(6 )
(6 >
88
102

Class A

Class B

Class A

Class B

100
94
94
86
101

100
126
98
119

100
80
100

100
121

100

(6 )

(61

(61

(61

(61

(61

100

(61
88
97
113

97
85
93
101

(61
91
116
124

(61
80
96
105

119
101
107
127

100
84
90
101

(6)
91
(6)
(61

Class A

Class B

Class A Class B

100
<6 )

100

95

127

100

117

100

P r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s b e in g c o m p a r e d —

Computer system analyS
s
ts
Class A

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S I . CLASS A...........
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S I . CLASS B...........
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S I . CLASS C...........
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS
( B U S I N E S S I . CLASS A...........
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS
( B U S I N E S S I • CLASS B...........
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS
( B U S I N E S S I . CLASS C...........
COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS A . . .
COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS 8
COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS C . . .
PERIPHERAL EQUIPMENT
OPERATORS.....................................
COMPUTER DATA L I B R A R IA N S .
D R AFT ERS . CLASS A...................
D R AFT ERS . CLASS B ...................
DRA FT ERS . CLASS C ...................
ELE CT RO NI CS T E C H N I C I A N S .
CLASS R..........................................
REGISTERED IN D U S TR I A L N U R S E S ..

...

Class B

Computer program ers (business)
m
Class C

Class A

Class B

Computer operators

Class C

Class A

Class B

Class C

Computer
data
librarians

Drafters
Class A

Class B

Class C

Electronics
technicians,
Class B

Registered
industrial
nurses

100
119

100

142

121

100

116

106

80

100

137

118

(61

121

100

152
182
197
236

133
150
169
200

(61
137
143
(61

145
154
163
223

120
135
143
182

100
118
127
164

100
121
142

100
123

100

(61
240
133
164
202

171
183
116
143
176

(61
177
108
131
154

228
199
121
143
185

180
170
99
121
154

(61
152
86
105
133

127
113
77
96
120

(61
106
67
85
101

(6 1
(6 1
58
69
86

100
116
(61
(61
(61

100
62
79
87

100
123
152

100
125

100

(61
152

(61
124

(61
123

(61
134

115
106

(61
95

(61
93

(61
83

(6 1
68

(61
(61

(61
71

122
122

99
100

(61
78

See footnote at end o f ta b les.




Peripheral
equipment
operators

15

100
(61

100

Table A-9. Average pay relationships within establishments for blue-collar occupations
Minneapolis— St. Paul, Minn.— Wis., January 1979
Maintenance, too lro o m , and pow erplant occupations being com pared—
Mechanics

Occupation which equals 100
Carpenters

Electricians

Painten

Machinery

MAINTENANCE CARP ENT ERS ..
MAINTENANCE E L E C T R IC IA N S
MAINTENANCE P A I N T E R S . . . .
MAINTENANCE M A C H I N I S T S . .
MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(M ACH IN ERY )................ ..
MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR V E H I C L E S ) .................
MAINTENANCE P I P E F I T T E R S . .
MILLWRIGHTS............................... .
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS
(T O O L R O O M )..............
TOOL AND 0 IE MAKERS........... .
STATIONARY E N G I N E E R S . . . . .
BOILER TENDERS.........................

Machine-tool
operators (toolroom)

Millwrights

Pipefitters

Machinists

Tool and die
makers

Stationary engineers

Boiler tendera

Motor vehicles

100
95
102
100

100
109
104

100
98

100

99

113

100

105

100

111
98
100

112
100
103

102
96
99

1 07
(6 )
101

100
95
(6 )

100
90
101

1 00
1 03

100

113
93
100
104

99
91
100
100

97
95
101
10 1

(6 )
97
103
103

(6 )
92
98
104

103
(6 )
106
101

115
99
109
109

102
89
112
105

100
(6 )
97
(6 )

100
105
(6 )

100
103

100

M a te ria l m ovem en t and cu stodial occupations being com pared—
Truckdrivers
Shippers
Light truck

TRUCKDRIVERS• L I G H T TR UCK...........
TRUCKDRIVERS. MEDIUM T R U C K . . . .
TRUCKORIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK...........
TRUCKDRIVERS. T R A C T O R -T R A IL E R .
SHIPPERS......................................................
R ECEIVER S...................................................
SHIPPERS AND RECE IV ERS ...................
WAREHOUSEMEN............................................
ORDER F I L L E R S ..........................................
SHIPPING PACKERS..................................
MATERIAL HANOLING L A B O R E R S . . . .
FO R KL IF T OPERATORS.............................
POWER-TRUCK OPERATORS
(OTHER THAN F O R K L I F T ) ...................
GUARDS. CLASS B.....................................
J A N I T O R S . PORTERS. AND
CLEANERS....................................................

See footnote at end o f tables




Medium truck

Heavy truck

Receivers

Shippers and
receivers

W
arehousem
en

Order fillers

Shipping packers

Tractor-trailer

Power-truck
Material handling
operators
Forklift operators (other than
laborers
forklift)

Guards, class B

100
100
(6)
93
(6)
101
105
(6 )
117
115
118
103

100
(6 )
99
101
106
(6 )
105
119
115
104
102

100
(6 )
(6)
110
97
107
(6)
(6)
107
104

100
108
(6 )
105
112
110
115
113
103

100
101
(6 )
104
102
105
107
101

100
98
103
105
112
115
100

100
(6 )
(6 )
113
114
105

100
100
104
110
98

100
104
103
97

100
101
94

100
96

100

(6 )
(6 )

(6)
132

106
(6 )

(6 )
153

101
(6 )

103
125

(6 )
110

(6 )
(6 )

100
110

97
104

99
119

104
123

100
105

100

132

136

150

137

124

119

126

114

104

103

115

114

105

106

Janitors, porters,
and cleaners

100

Earnings: Large establishments
Table A-10. Weekly earnings of office workers, large establishments, Minneapolis— St. Paul, Minn.— Wis., January 1979
Num ber o f w o rk ers re c e iv in g stra ig h t-tim e w eek ly earnings of—
Average
weekly
houn1

*

s

$

woiken

*

s

$

s

s

s

s

s

$

$

S

*

>

%

$

s

$

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

4 00

110

Occup atio n and i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

3 40

360

380

400

420

-

-

-

11
1
10

53
33
20

344
259
85

-

-

-

175
104
71
2

407
287
120
4

519
389
130
3

955
696
259
17

743
542
201
16

467
337
130
53

266
199
67
19

159
98
61
46

69
35
34
27

30
7
23
20

32
3
29
24

13
1
12
12

7

-

2
1
1
1

3
-

8
2
6
4

10
-

-

72
47
25
5

73
10
3

63
55
8
3

36
26
10
5

15
4
11
9

12
1
11
8

9

-

46
19
27
2

83

10

32
3
29

30
2
28

53
26
27

149
73
76
1

249

192

107

43

15

12

211
38

77
30
6

26
17
16

3
12
11

18
1
17
15

3
-

-

169
23
3

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

*
_

105
Mean2

M ediu*

Middle range 2

and
u n d er

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

$
219.00
216.50
224.50
285.50

$
212.50
212.00
2 13.00
292.00

$
$
1 9 1 .5 0 -2 39 .5 0
1 9 2 .0 0 -2 3 7 .0 0
1 9 0 .0 0 -2 49 .0 0
2 4 9.50-320.50

397
230
167
56

4 0 .0
40. 0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

269.00
2 72.00
2 65.00
3 20.50

2 69.00
273.00
249.00
333.00

2 4 0 .0 0 -2 9 3 .5 0
2 5 4 .5 0 -2 9 2 .0 0
2 1 8.5 0 -3 13 .0 0
2 8 4.5 0 -3 64 .5 0

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS B -----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

910
589
321
66

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

2 38.00
2 40.50
2 33.00
3 11.00

236.00
239.50
215.00
313.50

2 1 3 .0 0 -2 5 5 .5 0
2 2 4.5 0 -2 53 .5 0
1 9 5.5 0 -2 65 .5 0
2 8 9.0 0 -3 41 .5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S . CLASS C -----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

1.643
1.353
290

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

209.00
2 07.00
2 17.50

205.50
204.50
212.50

1 9 1 .5 0 -2 22 .5 0
1 9 1 .5 0 -2 20 .5 0
1 9 2 .0 0 -2 4 8 .5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S . CLASS D -----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

746
467
279

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

198.50
192.00
209.00

191.00
184.00
198.00

1 7 4 .0 0 -2 1 3 .0 0
1 7 2 .5 0 -2 0 7 .0 0
1 8 1.0 0 -2 37 .0 0

~

-

S E C R E T A R I E S . CLASS E -----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

183
1 24
59

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

18 7.5 0
18 4.0 0
19 5.5 0

181.50

_

-

179.50
191.50

1 7 3 .0 0 -1 96 .0 0
1 7 3.0 0 -1 89 .0 0
1 7 6 .0 0 -2 09 .5 0

S T E N O G R A P H E R S ----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

1 .022
701
321
205

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

19 4.5 0
17 5.0 0
237.00
279.00

176.50
172.50
254.50
296.00

1 6 2.5 0 -2 00 .0 0
1 6 1 .5 0 -1 87 .5 0
1 6 7.0 0 -3 10 .5 0
2 6 0.5 0 -3 19 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS. SENIOR --------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

614
504
110

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

18 8.0 0
17 9.0 0
230.00

177.00
176.00
183.00

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL ------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

408
1 97
211
156

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

203.50
16 4.0 0
240.50
267.00

T Y P I S T S ---------------

76

3 9 .0

T Y P I S T S --------------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

996
385
611

T Y P I S T S . CLASS A ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------T Y P I S T S . CLASS B ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

S EC RET ARI ES ---------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

4.252
2.992
1.260
251

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS A -----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------PU B LI C U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

TR AN S C R IB IN G -H A C H I N E

_

_

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

6

10
-

22
-

10

22

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

3

12
11

9
9

3
3

7
7
7
7
7

1
1
1

-

1

-

1
-

-

7
2
5

45
27
18

128
109
19

193
171
22

311
282
29

487
418
69

267
227
40

143
87
56

38
22
16

14
6
8

8
2
6

_

_

1
1

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

_

_

34
30
4

93
59
34

124
99
25

108
76
32

84
41
43

144
103
41

86
37
49

16
3
13

25
15
10

24

“

5
1
4

_

5

5
1
4

22

39
26
13

23
15
8

24

6
4
2

-

10
14

5
2
3

_

18
4

51
48
3

-

3
-

“

“

3

”

“

”

“

“

190
165
25
3

171
148
23
7

134
113
21
4

65
60
5
1

67
58
9
8

13
1
12
10

15
7
8

42
3
39
39

23
“

36

3
“

-

1

-

23
23

56
56
56

36
36

3
3

“

1
1

*

43
42
1

3
1
2

9
7
2

2

1

2

36

3

_

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

1

2

36

3

-

1

-

24
16
8

10

6

40

22

54

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

3
3

-

-

9
6
3

18

-

6
12

70
52
18

-

-

-

“

“

106
79
27
6

1 6 7.0 0 -1 90 .0 0
1 6 7 .5 0 -1 8 8 .5 0
1 5 9 .0 0 -3 21 .0 0

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

22
7
15

49
35
14

138
123
15

135
129
6

113
106
7

53
53

-

4
1
3

175.50
159.00
260.50
277.00

1 5 4.0 0 -2 60 .5 0
1 4 9.5 0 -1 70 .5 0
1 7 7.5 0 -3 04 .0 0
2 4 4 .0 0 -3 1 0 .5 0

_

3
3

9
3

57
44
13

36
19
17

“

-

-

-

-

6

52
42
10
3

12

6

48
45
3

21

-

14
5
9

1 72.50

165.00

1 5 4 .0 0 -1 8 7 .5 0

-

-

2

4

7

14

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

16 2.5 0
16 1.0 0
163.50

149.50
149.50
148.50

1 3 9 .0 0 -1 68 .5 0
1 4 0 .5 0 -1 6 2 .0 0
1 3 8 .0 0 -1 72 .5 0

-

-

19
8
11

87
21
66

152
57
95

284
123
161

502
252
250

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 7 0.5 0
1 6 9.5 0
1 72.00

155.50
152.00
156.50

1 4 4 .0 0 -1 84 .0 0
1 4 4 .0 0 -1 71 .5 0
1 4 1 .5 0 -2 05 .0 0

_

_

29

-

-

-

-

29

57
30
27

486
125
361

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

154.50
1 4 5.0 0
1 5 8.0 0

145.00
144.00
145.00

1 3 6 .0 0 -1 5 8 .0 0
1 3 0 .5 0 -1 5 2 .0 0
1 3 7 .0 0 -1 61 .0 0

-

19
8

54
17
37

93
25
68

_

-

-

-

11

S ee footn otes at end o f ta b les.




-

17

“

7

7

7

14
4

5
1

17

5

10

133
64
69

85
37
48

28
10
18

133
92
41

77
41
36

49
24
25

24

149
29
120

56
23
33

36
13
23

8

24

-

-

6
6

37
37

22

7

10
9

*

11

-

1

43
16
27

16
6
10

39
2
37

12
1
11

77
40
37

9
15

17
10
7

6
4
2

30
1
29

8
1
7

71
40
31

4
1
3

26
6
20

10
2
8

9

4
4

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

22

54
54

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

13

1

7

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
_

_

1

7

"

-

-

-

-

_

_

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

6

13

1

6

_

_

_

_

_

6

13

1

6

-

-

-

-

3

_
13

-

~

1
8

Table A-10. Weekly earnings of office workers, large establishments, Minneapolis-St. Paul,
Minn.— Wis., January 1979— Continued
Weekly earning*^™
(standard)

Occupation and i n d u s tr y d iv i si o n

Number
of
woiken

Average
weekly
hour*1
(standard'

Number of w orkers

S

S

Median2

Middle range 2

$

s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly earnings of—
$

t

$

S

s

S

t

$

*

*

$

S

S

•

$

*

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

73
-

72
16
56

51
11
40

72
7
65

41
4
37

12
-

5
3
2

1

1

13

3

15

13

2

12

13
6
7

11

-

-

and
under
110

$

receivin g

$

110

105
Mean2

$

F I L E CLERKS ---------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUF A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------

407
57
350

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

$
159.00
154.50
160.00

140.50
14 2.5 0
1 40.00

$
$
1 2 5.0 0 -1 59 .5 0
1 2 9.0 0 -1 77 .5 0
1 2 4.0 0 -1 57 .5 0

-

73

8

9
7
2

1

1

13

3

15

13

2

F I L E CLERKS* CLASS A ------------------------------

50

4 0 .0

2 59.00

304.50

1 8 4 .5 0 -3 21 .5 0

-

-

-

1

-

4

2

3

3

4

3

1

-

-

2

12

13

2

-

-

-

F I L E CLE RKS . CLASS B -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

184
153

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

15 3.0 0
15 0.5 0

138.50
1 3 4.0 0

1 1 9 .5 0 -1 62 .0 0
1 1 7 .5 0 -1 57 .5 0

_

29
23

14
12

30
25

8
5

9
9

10
5

2

_

1
1

_

_

_

_

-

13
13

_

-

1
1

3

-

7
5

6

-

51
51

3

-

-

-

-

-

F I L E CLE RKS . CLASS C -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

172
15 1

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

137.00
137.50

13 6.0 0
1 3 6.0 0

1 2 7 .5 0 -1 45 .0 0
1 2 7 .5 0 -1 45 .0 0

-

22

42
40

29
28

1
1

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

22

36
27

_

-

42
33

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

MESSENGERS -----------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

288
11 1
177

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 5 0.0 0
1 4 0.0 0
156.00

12 9.5 0
137.00
1 26.50

1 2 0 .0 0 -1 4 9 .5 0
1 2 3 .5 0 -1 49 .5 0
1 2 0 .0 0 -1 48 .0 0

-

69
20
49

75
20
55

38
19
19

36
25
11

14
9

4
4

2

1
1

1
1

1

3

6

19

4

-

-

-

-

-

5

15
11
4

-

SUITCHBOARO O P E R A T O R S -------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

150
62
88

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

184.50
184.00
185.00

171.00
171.50
165.50

1 5 1 .0 0 -2 06 .0 0
1 6 1 .0 0 -2 03 .0 0
1 4 4.0 0 -2 08 .5 0

-

4
-

19

21

14

13

4

3
16

12
9

10
4

5
-

-

7
-

5

-

7

3

“

1
1

-

-

1

3

6

19

4

-

-

-

-

-

9
5
4

14
9
5

6

-

_

-

-

-

-

7
-

6

2

8
6

2

9
4

15
6
9

-

-

-

4

2

2

7

6

“

SUITCHBOARO O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N IS T S -

91

4 0 .0

166.50

163.50

1 5 4.0 0 -1 75 .0 0

-

-

3

4

11

22

12

20

10

-

7

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

ORDER CLERKS ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURIN6 -------------------------------------

207
78
129

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

174.50
218.00
14 8.5 0

16 5.0 0
219.50
14 5.0 0

1 4 0 .0 0 -2 01 .5 0
1 7 5 .0 0 -2 50 .0 0
1 2 6.0 0 -1 65 .0 0

-

16

12
-

27
-

13
8
5

11
8
3

_

_

-

-

-

5

-

-

27

6
3
3

-

12

9
6
3

5

16

23
8
15

11
11

20

23
9
14

14
14

-

17
6
11

-

-

20
-

-

-

“

~

“

“

ORDER CLERK S. CLASS A --------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

94
64

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

207.50
221.00

1 90.00
2 24.50

1 7 2.0 0 -2 43 .0 0
1 7 8 .5 0 -2 5 1 .0 0

-

_

_

_

_

6

-

5
5

-

14

8
8

-

6

11
8

_

-

4
4

_

-

6
3

-

-

8
5

-

-

17
5

14

-

15
6

-

-

-

-

-

ORDER CLER KS . CLASS B --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

113
99

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

147.50
13 9.5 0

140.00
14 0.0 0

1 2 3.0 0 -1 55 .5 0

-

16
16

12
12

27
27

11
11

8
5

6
3

_

_

3

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

9
5

_

-

20
20

1

1 2 3 .0 0 -1 47 .5 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

3.364
958
2 .40 6
927

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
40. 0

1 97.50
182.00
204.00
264.00

182.00
1 7 9.5 0
1 8 5.0 0
260.50

1 5 4 .0 0 -2 24 .5 0
1 6 0 .0 0 -2 0 1 .5 0
1 5 1 .5 0 -2 42 .5 0
2 1 8 .5 0 -3 2 6 .5 0

7
5
2

72
22
50

262
40
222

299
99
200
19

236
136
100
6

262
102
160
67

228
114
114
33

406
156
250
100

205
66
139
76

152
19
133
112

152
12
140
134

19
2
17
12

85
5
80
77

3
~

-

_

“

3 22
76
246
27

80
-

“

393
104
289
4

177
-

4

177
177

80
80

3
3

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

1.474
471
1.003
603

3 9 .5
39. 5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

2 32.50
19 7.0 0
2 49.00
2 90.00

2 14.00
193.50
2 40.00
3 13.50

1 8 4 .0 0 -2 7 2 .0 0
1 7 5.0 0 -2 11 .5 0
1 8 9.0 0 -3 24 .0 0
2 4 2 .5 0 -3 3 4 .5 0

31
5
26

66
15
51

119
75
44
5

122
63
59

122
65
57
22

212
106
106
50

145
60
85
54

56
i i
45
28

116
12
104
99

13

85
5
80
77

177
-

80

3

11
6

177
177

80
80

3
3

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURIN6 ------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

1.880
477
1.403
324

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

170.00
16 7.0 0
17 1.5 0
215.00

158.00
16 1.0 0
15 5.5 0
211.00

1 4 2.5 0 -1 92 .5 0
1 4 4 .0 0 -1 89 .5 0
1 4 1 .5 0 -1 96 .5 0
1 8 1 .0 0 -2 48 .5 0

-

-

-

-

PAYROLL CLERKS -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S — ---------------------------

302
104
198
53

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

209.00
2 06.50
2 10.00
289.00

1 9 3.0 0
1 96.50
190.00
3 15.50

1 6 9.5 0 -2 37 .0 0
1 7 0.5 0 -2 33 .0 0
1 6 8.0 0 -2 38 .5 0
2 4 0.0 0 -3 41 .5 0

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le s ,




4

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

126
52
74
2

4
-

72
22
50

261
40
221

-

-

-

254
59
195
27

171
45
126
17

117
61
56
1

138
37
1 01
67

106
49
57
11

192
48
144
50

60
6
54
22

96
8
88
84

6
“

“

360
97
263
4

36

4

7
5
2

36
35

6
6

”

-

1
-

1
-

6
3

26

14

28

19

12

6

6

9
19

1
2

5

8

11
9
5

7

20

30
11
19
8

3

3

37
14
23

11

1

26
13
13
2

20

1

45
10
35

2

7

“

-

1
1

7
12

5

4
2

2

7

17
17
17

-

-

“
“

-

“

“

-

-

“

“

6
1
5
5

-

“

-

-

-

“

-

-

Table A-10. Weekly earnings of office workers, large establishments, Minneapolis— St. Paul,
Minn.— Wis., January 1979— Continued
Num ber o f w o rk e rs re c e iv in g stra ig h t-tim e w eek ly earnings o f—
Number

Average
weekly
houn1
(it andaid)

S

*

%

$

s

$

*

%

$

%

S

$

*

$

$

S

worker!

9

S

*

*

$

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

1 ,312
645
667
146

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS, CLASS A --------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------PU B LI C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

837
484
353
1 07

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS, CLASS B --------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

467
153
314
39

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

300

3 20

340

360

380

400

110

Occup atio n and i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

3 40

360

380

400

420

-

3
-

19
1
18

76
12
64

132
54
78

161
97
64
5

250
134
116
4

188
131
57

140
95
45
2

74
56
18
5

102
41
61
18

59
6
53
23

21
9
12
11

22
9
13
13

61
-

3

-

-

61
61

3
3

—
-

51
22
29

91
64
27

155
104
51

161

114

41
3
38
20

19
9
10
9

_

_

”

11
9
2
2

3

82
32

67
22
45
10

61

120
41

63
49
14
2
9
5
4
3

33
17
16
8

18
3
15
3

2

1

11

-

2
2

1
1

11
11

“

105
Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

and
under

$
1 81.50
1 75.50
187.00
26 2.0 0

$
170.50
171.50
168.00
2 84.00

$
$
155.5 0 -1 91 .0 0
1 6 0.0 0 -1 86 .5 0
150.0 0 -2 12 .0 0
2 3 4 .5 0 -3 04 .0 0

1 91.00

1 6 4.5 0 -1 99 .0 0
164.5 0 -1 86 .5 0
165.5 0 -2 39 .0 0
2 4 0 .0 0 -3 04 .0 0

-

-

-

-

1 78.50
20 8.5 0
2 7 7.0 0

177.00
173.50
187.50
304.00

-

-

-

-

16 4.0 0
165.50
1 63.00
22 1.5 0

157.00
159.50
154.00
211.00

1 4 4.0 0 -1 73 .0 0
1 4 9.5 0 -1 79 .0 0
136.5 0 -1 68 .5 0
183.0 0 -2 81 .0 0

-

-

3
-

-

3
3
-

19
i
18
-

S e e fo o t n o t e s a t end o f t a b le s .




19

76
12
64
-

81
32
49

70
33
37
5

93
28
65
4

25
9
16
-

26
13
13
2

1
1
1
“

—
_

“
-

61
61

“

“

3
3
-

“
-

“

-

-

“
-

“

“

Table A-11. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers, large establishments, Minneapolis—St. Paul,
Minn.—Wis., January 1979
Num ber o f w o rk ers re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e w eek ly earnings of—
Number
of
woxkers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard;

s

%

*

s

S

%

$

*

*

S

*

S

$

S

I

t

«

S

$

S

»

140

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

4 40

460

480

500

140

Occupation and in d u s t r y d iv i si o n

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

4 00

420

440

4 60

480

500

520

-

-

1
1

-

2
-

3
1
2

12
1
11

24
2
22

”

~

“

37
18
19
2

68
20
48
3

95
31
64
10

130
68
62
7

125
70
55
15

143
104
39
14

140
108
32
16

139
104
35
9

108
89
19
9

80
55
25
12

32
20
12
8

8
3
5
1

6
3
3
3

1

5

2

17

4

-

1

5

2

17

4

18
6
12

39
20
19
5

79
57
22
4

98
80
18
5

118
94
24
1

103
84
19
9

75
54
21
11

28
20
8
7

8
3
5
1

6
3
3
3

5
-

8
-

33
5
28
3

71
23
48
9

90
49
41
4

80
49
31
5

60
44
16
9

39
28
11
11

21
10
11
8

5
5

5
1
4
1

4
4

_

_

-

-

"

”

120
Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

and
under

and

1*153
697
456
109

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

$
388.50
403.00
3 65.50
4 0 6.50

$
391.00
408.00
357.50
403.00

$
$
3 4 7 .0 0 -4 3 2 .0 0
3 7 3.00-438.50
3 2 3 .0 0 -4 0 8 .5 0
3 6 3 .5 0 -4 5 0 .0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S I N E S S )* CLASS A -----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

601
421
180
46

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

422.00
430.50
4 0 3.50
448.00

427.00
43 1.5 0
4 05.00
458.00

3 9 7 .0 0 -4 5 2 .0 0
4 0 8.5 0 -4 53 .5 0
3 6 3.50-448.50
4 1 3.50-474.00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) • CLASS B -----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

446
225
221
53

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

359.50
371.00
348.00
379.50

357.50
3 7 2.0 0
3 4 5.0 0
3 92.50

3 3 3.50-385.00
3 5 1.00-392.50
3 2 1 .0 0 -3 7 0 .5 0
3 3 6 .0 0 -4 1 3 .0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS C -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

94
51

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

323.50
321.50

332.00
316.50

300.5 0 -3 48 .5 0
3 0 2 .0 0 -3 4 8 .5 0

*

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) ------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

1*102
688
414
149

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

3 24.00
336.00
304.00
3 62.50

31 7.0 0
33 0.0 0
28 8.0 0
369.50

2 8 2 .0 0 -3 6 0 .0 0
2 9 9 .0 0 -3 6 9 .5 0
2 5 9 .0 0 -3 3 8 .0 0
3 1 6.50-402.50

_
“

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) •
CLASS A -----------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

315
139
1 76
42

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

355.50
3 9 6.00
323.50
4 2 2.50

349.50
403.00
311.00
413.50

2 9 3.50-413.00
3 7 0.50-432.00
2 7 6.50-345.00
3 9 7.50-452.50

-

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) «
CLASS B -----------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

539
343
196
83

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

320.00
334.00
296.00
352.00

326.50
3 36.00
27 6.5 0
35 8.0 0

2 7 6.50-356.50
3 1 0 .5 0 -3 5 8 .0 0
2 4 5 .5 0 -3 4 0 .5 0
3 1 8.00-386.00

“

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) •
CLASS C ------------------------------------------------------------

240

o
w

2 88.50

2 92.00

2 7 1 .5 0 -3 0 8 .5 0

-

-

2

2

7

COMPUTER OPERATORS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

889
535
354
105

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

225.50
214.00
243.00
296.50

216.50
2 09.50
22 9.0 0
3 0 8.0 0

1 9 0.0 0 -2 48 .5 0
1 8 2 .5 0 -2 3 7 .5 0
2 0 1 .5 0 -2 6 5 .5 0
2 4 8 .5 0 -3 4 7 .5 0

1
1
-

8
4
4

141
114
27

152
104
48
2

167
96
71
4

COMPUTER OPERATORS* CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

275
160
115
34

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

251.50
246.00
258.50
313.00

244.00
241.50
2 4 8.5 0
3 0 8.0 0

2 2 0.50-269.50
217.5 0 -2 68 .5 0
2 2 1 .5 0 -2 9 9 .0 0
2 9 8 .5 0 -3 3 3 .0 0

_

_

-

-

8
6
2

59
38
21

56
31
25
1

O

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) -------------- ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

“

~

”

_

-

-

2
-

-

8
“

1
1

_

5
~

2

4

7
2

10
7

16
15

20
8

22
13

6
1

4
3

3

_

_

_

.

.

“

-

“

-

-

-

69

134
64
70
13

143
93
50
9

167

139

113
54
13

107
32
13

109
92
17
11

72
51
21
21

73
52
21
21

60
36
24
24

29
25
4
4

23
17
6
6

11
5
6
6

5
4
1
1

2
1
1
1

-

36
1
35

39
9
30

36
4
32

26
8
18

17
10
7
1

17
14
3
3

28
20
8
8

39
27
12
12

23
19

23
17
6
6

11
5
6
6

5
4
1
1

2
1
1
1

80
72
8
8

52
36
16
16

45
32
13
13

21
9
12
12

4
4

-

_

_

_

~

~

-

-

*

2

2

19

-

-

2

2

4
15

41
10
31

“

“

12
57
6

_

13

-

13

”

_

_
-

_

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

12
2
10

29
2
27

“

-

“

”

“

“
-

20

over

23
11
12
2

-

1
“

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le s .




2

“

-

520

1

-

42
7
35
1

57
28
29
8

12

12

149
99
50
7

103
48
55
25
52
31
21
3

*
4

*

1

2
2

_
“

_

36
23
13
2

69
49
20
11

92
79
13
12

41

68

62

19

12

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

54
33
21
6

27
22
5
4

29
7
22
18

10
3
7
7

30
1
29
26

13

4

_

-

_

_

_

_

-

1
1

43
28
15
4

18
16
2
1

21
6
15
11

9

6
1
5
5

3

6
6

1

1

12
3

3
3

-

3

-

3
3

”

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

”

“

-

Table A-11. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers, large establishments, Minneapolis— St. Paul,
Minn.— Wis., January 1979 — Continued
™"™WeeklyTarnIngi^^™
(standard)

Oc cup ati on and i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

Number
of
worker*

Average
weekly
houn1
(standard)

Number of w orkers

$

120
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

140

r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t- tim e w e e k ly earn in gs o f—

*
160

$

s

%
180

200

220

240

s

S

260

280

$
300

*
320

$

*

*
340

380

360

$

$

$

*

440

420

400

460

*
480

S
500

an d
under
1 40

COMPUTER OPERATORS -

*

s

520
and

180

200

220

240

260

24

160

84
48

89
46

84
63

1
1

8

1

6

-

24
-

12

5

36

43
4

21

49
15
34

9

11
13

6

3

1

24

12

280

300

320

340

38 0

360

4 00

420

460

440

480

“

500

520

-

over

CONTINUED

$

2 46.00
29 1.0 0

21 8.5 0
230.00
297.50

$
$
1 9 8.0 0 -2 48 .5 0
1 9 6.5 0 -2 32 .0 0
2 0 0 .0 0 -2 6 7 .5 0
2 4 8 .5 0 -3 4 7 .5 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

18 1.0 0
180.50

174.00
174.00

1 6 6.0 0 -1 91 .0 0
1 6 7 .0 0 -1 88 .5 0

_

8

-

1.027
935
92
77

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

281.50
279.00
305.50
32 3.5 0

279.00
2 77.00
316.00
328.00

2 3 1 .5 0 -3 2 4 .0 0
2 3 0 .0 0 -3 1 8 .5 0
2 4 1.00-353.00
263.0 0 -3 66 .0 0

-

-

-

1

4

4

DR AF TE R S. CLASS A -------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

450
419

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

33 2.5 0
330.50

326.00
323.00

2 9 9.00-361.00

-

-

-

-

_

2 9 9.00-359.50

-

-

-

-

2
2

D R AF T ER S. CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

304
267

4 0 .0
40. 0

267.50
2 61.50

260.00
2 59.00

2 4 0.00-285.50
2 3 9 .5 0 -2 8 0 .0 0

-

-

-

-

14

-

-

-

-

D R AF T ER S. CLASS C ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

255
247

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 12.50
213.00

2 07.00
2 07.00

1 9 5.5 0 -2 24 .5 0
1 9 6 .0 0 -2 2 4 .5 0

-

_

-

-

3
3

REG ISTERED IN D U S TR I A L NURSES MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

107
81

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

281.50
2 82.00

282.00
284.00

2 6 0.00-294.00
262.5 0 -2 94 .0 0

-

_

-

COMPUTER OPERATORS* CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S --------------------

398
198

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS C
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

232.50
218.50

69

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

216
177

DRAFTERS -----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S --------------------

200

$

220.00

1
1

-

1
1

-

-

6

22

2

3

1

21

60
50

19

9

2

-

_

-

-

_

4

117
103

12

5

2

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

3
3

75
70

119

59
52

23
18

16
15

21

-

65
57
8
8

7

1

7

5
5

6
6

58
56

52
52

19
18

16
15

21

8

_

-

-

-

-

21

121

106
105

122
119

106
97

10

1
1

3
3

9
9

83
67
16
16

4
4

35
35

77
77

85
81

74
59

72
69

63
62

45
42

21

9

10

62
59

16

8

74
70

101
100

55
53

14

1

7
3

18

24

11

20

-

3
1
1

8

_

-

8

13

5

110
9

1

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f t a b le s .




1
1

1
7
7

-

-

114

7

99

86
13

7
1

7

1

15

15

5
5

-

2
-

-

-

“

2
2

5

2

-

-

-

5

-

“

_

_

_

-

-

“

-

39
34

10
9

3
1

1

1
1

2

-

1
1

-

-

-

Table A-12. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex, large establishments,
Minneapolis— St. Paul, Minn.— Wis., January 1979
O c c u p a tio n , s e x , 3 and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

OFFICE

OCCUPATIONS -

Weekhr
houn
(standard

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

O c c u p a tio n ,

s e x , 3 and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
weaken

Weeklv
houn
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

N0NHANUFACTURIN6 —
P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

$
2 2 5.50
2 8 4.50

ORDER CLERKS -

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

263.00
317.50

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS BI
NONMANUFACTURING --------P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S —

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

233.00
311.00

SECRETARIES* CLASS C :
NONMANUFACTURING --------

3 9 .5

3 9 .5

ORDER CL ERK S. CLASS B
NONHANUFACTURIN6 ---------

112

3 9 .5

99

3 9 .5

1 46.50
1 3 9.5 0

3 9 .5

Weekly
ti mi ng, 1
(standard)

AND TE CH NI CA L
MEN— CONTINUED

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) \
CLASS B --------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------

1 77.50

ACCOUNTING CLERK S:
MANUFACTURING —

MANUFACTURING -----NONMANUFACTURING

3651
1 26
59

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
40. 0

$
3 2 6.00
3 0 2.5 0
356.00

534
335
199

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

2 2 6.00
2 1 4.50
2 4 5.50

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS A:
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

402

3 9 .5

192.50

ACCOUNTING CLERK S. CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ---------------------PU B LI C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

1.606
414
1.192
294

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

16 8.5 0
16 3.0 0
170.50
214.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS A
NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

167
68

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

252.50
2 6 1.50

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

239
131

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

2 3 3.0 0
2 2 1.00

3 9 .5

1 9 7.0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS C
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

128
105

40. 0
4 0 .0

1 78.50
176.50

829
554

3 9 .5

17 5.0 0

399
128
271
39

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

164.00
1 66.50
1 6 3.0 0
221.50

752
77
65

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 8 3.00
318.50
3 3 9.0 0

DRAFTERS. CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ------

388
357

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

335.00
3 3 2.50

DRAFTERS. CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ------

246
213

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

268.00
2 6 0.50

DRAFTERS. CLASS C
MANUFACTURING ------

190
182

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 1 1.50
2 1 1.50

96

3 9 .5

3 31.50

125
35

39. 0
4 0 .0

2 8 5.5 0
3 5 0.50

3 9 .0

3 2 2.00

SECRETARIES* CLASS 0
MANUFACTURING ------------NONHANUFACTURING ------

4 0 .0
40. 0
3 9 .5

198.50
1 92.00
209.00

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS E
NONMANUFACTURING ------

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

189.50
195.50

NONMANUFACTURING

3 9 .5

17 4.5 0

NONMANUFACTURING

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

164.00

3 9 .0

172.50

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

161.00
161.00
1 61.00
17 0.0 0
169.50
170.50

stenographers:

MANUFACTURING
STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL
MANUFACTURING -----------------TYPISTS

T Y P I S T S ----------------------------MANUFACTURING -----NONHANUFACTURIN6

190.00

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S --------------------PROFESSIONAL AND TE CHNI CAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN
( B U S I N E S S ! -----------------------NONHANUFACTURING —
PU B LI C U T I L I T I E S

T Y P I S T S . CLASS A MANUFACTURING -----NONMANUFACTURING

487
251

236

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

T Y P I S T S . CLASS B MANUFACTURING -----NONHANUFACTURING

451
116
335

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

152.00
144.00
154.50

F I L E CLERKS ------------------NONMANUFACTURING

348
299

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 44.00
1 43.00

F I L E CLE RKS . CLASS B -----------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

154
127

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

142.50
1 37.50

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS B:
NONMANUFACTURING ------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S --------------

F I L E CLE R KS . CLASS C —
NONMANUFACTURING -----------

1 71
150

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

1 37.00
137.50

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS C ------------

846
348
90

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS A ----------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S --------------

messengers:

MANUFACTURING

3 9 .5

91

ORDER CLERKS ---------------MANUFACTURING -----NONMANUFACTURING

175
55

120

a-

SWITCHBOARD OPERA T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T S -

3 9 .5
o

61

o

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS:
MANUFACTURING -------------

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

138.50

184.00
166.50
162.00
197.00
146.50

471
138
43

165
39

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS A ----------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PU B LI C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

22

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

3 94.50
375.50
415.50

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

426.00
418.00
450.00

MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S

2 8 6.00

PROFESSIONAL AND T EC HNI CAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B USINESS):
NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S

258
126

132
35

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

355.50
3 90.50

3 9 .5
792
286
114

NONMANUFACTURING —
P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S

See footn otes at end o f tables.




Weekly
houn

$
19 0.5 0

2 17.50

TR ANS CRIBING-MACHINE

Number
of
wotken

CONTINUED

OROER CL ERK S. CLASS A SECRETARIES* CLASS AI
NONNANUF A C T U R I N G -------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S —

O c c u p a tio n , s e x . 3 and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

PROFESSIONAL
OCCUPATIONS -

OF FI CE OCCUPATIONS
WOMEN— CONTINUED

WOMEN

s e c r e ta r ie s :

A ve ng e
( mean*)

Averaae
(mean2)

A v e ra ge

(mean1 )
Number
of
wotken

3 32.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS A ------------------------------------------------------------

57

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

332.00
312.50
366.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) •
class b:
NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

68

3 9 .5

2 8 5.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS C
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

77
66

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 8 4.50
1 84.50

92
67

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

2 7 8.50

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

363.00
3 9 7.0 0
330.00
4 21.00

MANUFACTURING

2 79.50

Table A-13. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers, large establishments,
Minneapolis— St. Paul, Minn.— Wis., January 1979
Hourly earnings *

Nu m ber o f w o rk ers re c e iv in g stra ig h t-tim e hou rly earnings of—
$
4 .90

8.67
8.53

8.42
8 .4 2

MAINTENANCE MA CH IN IS TS -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

379
371

8.89
8.86

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (M ACH IN ERY ) MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

536
475
61
39

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR V E H IC L E S ) ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------PU B LI C U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

5 .6Q

5.80

6 .20

6 .60

7.80

22
2
20
20

5

25
11
14
7

8* 2 0 _

9 .40

9

2010 .6 01 1 . 0 0 1 1 . 4 0 1 1 . 8 0

4

4

21
2
19
«

10
1
9

43
37
5

1

-

-

16
16

6

1
1

16

i

16
16

7
7
-

2
2

-

”

23
21
2
2

-

-

-

7
7

21
21

6
6

17
15

70
65

19

74
74

51

17

2
2

6

9
5

12
6

20
16

17
17

2
2

15
2

4
3

1
1

6
6

7
7

4

66
66

• 81
81

176
176

15
12

24

29

71

73

6

24

29

56
15

66

88
88

62
62

2

8 .1 6 -

9 .0 8
9 .0 8

8 .6 1 8 .6 1 -

9 .0 8
9.08

-

8.47
8.46
8.54
8.98

8.35
8.35
8.45
8 .4 5

8 .0 0 8 .0 0 8 .0 1 8 .4 5 -

8.88
8.88
8.96

8 .7 6
8. 76
8 .6 1

8 .2 5 - 9.75
8 . 2 5 - 9 .7 5
8 .2 5 - 9.87

MAINTENANCE P I P E F I T T E R S --------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

127
112

9.56
9.40

9 .4 1
9 . 41

151
143

8.78
8.75

8. 61
8.60

506
505

9 . 18
9 . 18

9 .2 1
9 .2 1

369
83
286

8 .7 1
9.02
8.62

8 .9 7
9 . 18
8 .7 7

8 .7 7 8 .8 1 8 .7 7 -

BOILER TENDERS --------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

82
52

7 .9 1
8.62

8 .0 7
8 .6 5

7 . 4 8 - 8 .8 4
8 .1 1 - 9.07

-

”

“

-

-

5

8 . 9 3 - 9 .2 1
8 . 9 3 - 9 .2 1

STA TIO NA R Y ENGINEERS ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

-

-

8 . 4 2 - 9 .0 3
8 . 4 2 - 9 .0 3

TOOL AND D I E MAKERS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

~

-

9 . 4 1 - 1 0 .0 9
9 . 4 1 - 9 .7 1

MILLWRIGHTS ---------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

-

9 .0 8
9 .0 8
8 .8 8
9 .8 7

269
234
181

"

-

_

_

-

-

_

_

~

_

_

-

_

1
1

-

“
-

-

-

-

-

-

_

“

-

1
1
1

5

2

5

-

“

_

4

4

7
3

151
128
23
20

44

45

41
41

“

44

1

-

1

5
1
1

3

-

3

-

3

-

“

-

-

-

6

-

1

-

22

“

-

“

1

“

18

20

-

-

-

16

-

4

-

-

-

6
-

-

-

6

23

~

~

“

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

8

-

-

-

24
24

_

-

23
23
-

_

-

-

26
18

-

-

71
71

3

~
-

-

30
30

59

-

30
28

-

59

-

1

71
71

-

2

-

56
51
51

-

2

11

38
31
31

4

5
5

-

1

18
15

1

4
4

-

-

15

“

4

4
4

-

-

-

“

36

3
3

3
1
1

-

15
15

56
46
21

2
2

See footn otes at end of ta b les.




9.00

S
$ -------- i ---------S-----*
9. 8010 .2 0 1 0 . 6 0 1 1 . 0 0 1 1 . 4 0

28
20
8
8

2

9 .6 2
8 .9 8

8.97
9.43
8.97

*
9 .4 0

0
C
M

95
54

5 .50

8 . 7 0 - 1 0 .0 0
8 . 7 0 - 9. 64

MAINTENANCE P AI N TE R S ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

5.40

*
9 .00

1

9.46
9 .4 6

5 .30

t
8.60

o
o

9.42
9.26

5 .20

$
8 .20

0
0

344
270

5 .10

$
$
7 . 7 0 - 9 .2 3
7 . 8 3 - 8 .4 2
6 . 8 2 - 10 .4 6
6 . 7 9 - 7. 91

MAINTENANCE E L E C T R I C I A N S ------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

T ------ ~ i--------~ l--------1 --------- 1---------s-------- s
*
5 .5 0 5 .60 5 .8 0 6 .2 0 6 .6 0 7 .0 0 7 .4 0 7.8 0

o

$
8 .0 8
8 .0 8
7. 91
7 .7 9

*
5 .40

-0

$
8.46
8 . 28
8.64
7.80

O
'
0
0

149
74
75
44

*
5 .30

and
u n d er
5 .00

MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS -----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

$
5 .20

o

Middle range 2

$
5 . 10

o
o

Mean * Median2

*
5 .00

CO

Occupation and i nd us tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
w
orkers

67
67

262
262

80
80

18
5
13

22
4
18

202
14
188

61
35
26

20
16

11
5

4

6

14
14

5
5

14
14

10
10

_

3
3

~

-

3
2

4

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_

Table A-14. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers, large establishments
Minneapolis— St. Paul, Minn.— Wis., January 1979
Hourly earnings 4

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r ec ei v in g s t r a ig h t -t i m e h ou rly earnings of—
$
7.60

*
8.00

S
8 .4 0

$
8.80

1 -----------1—
$
9.20 9 .6 0 1 0 .0

• 60 8 . 0 0

8.40

8 .8 0

9.20

9 .6 0 1 0 .0 0 1 0 .4

19
16

76
61

12
1

$
3.00

$
3.10

*
3.20

*
3 .4 0

$
3.60

*
3.80

$
4.00

$
S
4. 40 4 . 8 0

S
5 .2 0

*
5 .6 0

$
6 .0 0

4
6.40

S
6.80

3 .0 0

Occupation and ind us try div is io n

NumUi
of
workers

3.10

3.20

3.40

3.60

3.80 4.00

4.40

4. 80 5 .2 0

5 .6 0

6 .0 0

6 .4 0

6.80

7.20

-

-

-

9
9

5
5

89
85

17
4

33
17

86

4

4

-

-

3

-

-

-

127

-

9

5

3

5

3

13

12

10

49

-

215

26

15
6

6
-

32
30
30

6
6
6

12
12
“

7
1
-

241
241
165

_
-

S
2 .9 0
Mean 2 Median2

Middle range 2

$
8.74
8.66

$
9.38
9.38

$
$
8 . 2 9 - 9 .4 6
8 . 0 0 - 9.38

9.69

6 .2 7 -

and
u n d er

TRUCKDRIVERS ----------------------------------------------NONMANUF A C T U R I N 6 -----------------------------

941
705

TRUCKORIVERSt L I G H T TRUCK ---------

224

8 .25

TRUCKDRIVERS. MEDIUM TRUCK ------

350

8.89

9.38

8 .7 6 -

9.38

TRUCKDRIVERS• T R AC T O R -T R A IL ER
NONHANUF ACTURI N 6 ----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------

319
296
201

9.04
9 . 14
9.11

9.38
9.46
9.38

9 .3 8 9 .3 8 9 .3 8 -

SHIPPERS --------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

101
61

7.06
6 .45

7.27
6.67

5 .4 0 5 .4 0 -

7 .7 3
7.27

_

RECEIVERS ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

193
64
129

6.79
7.40
6.48

6.85
7.34
6.85

6 .0 6 6 .7 4 5 .4 5 -

8.29
8.42
8.29

_
-

SHIPPERS AND RECEIVERS ---------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

106
62

7.40
7.19

7.37
7 .3 7

6 .4 3 7 .1 6 -

7.72
7 .7 2

WAREHOUSEHE N ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURIN6 -----------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

676
137
539
102

8.12
6.41
8.55
7.28

8 . 15
6 .8 7
9 .3 8
7 .6 9

7 .3 7 5 .0 4 8 .0 5 6 .9 7 -

9.53
7.37
9 .5 3
7.79

-

1
“

9.46
9.48
9.46

9.69
-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

21
21

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

5
*

-

-

-

11
1
10

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

19
4

49
47

_
“

_
-

-

ORDER F I L L E R S --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

968
450
518

5 .95
6.29
5.65

5 .6 2
6.22
4.33

4 .3 0 5 .6 2 3 .5 5 -

7 .4 7
7 .4 0
8 .3 0

SHIPPING PACKERS ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

520
465

6 .46
6.61

6.15
6.15

5 .9 5 6 .1 5 -

7.79
7.79

_

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

MATERIAL HAN0LIN6 LABORERS -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

1 .6 9 6
1 .0 2 2
676

7.01
6.91
7 . 18

7.43
7 .2 9
7.56

5 .7 7 6 .1 4 5 .7 5 -

7.95
7.66
9 .3 8

11
11

7
7

5
5

6
-

F OR KL IF T OPERATORS -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURIN6 ------------------------------

757
538
219

7.66
7.17
8.86

7 . 12
6 . 98
9.38

6 .7 5 6 .5 2 8 .2 9 -

2
1

16
9

i
“

18
17

9
9

-

-

_

-

-

24
-

_

-

9
2
7

3
1
2

10
4
6

16
8
8

47
11
36

9
6
3

9
7
2

12
12

33
24
9

-

12
12

-

-

4
4

9
9

8
8

17
17

22
22

“

“

-

22
-

2

-

4
4

32
22
10
-

59
26
33
31

50
45
5
-

53
53
33

133
133
22

1
1
-

-

270
270
-

8
8
-

_

105
105

148
142

7 .23
7.22

7.08
7.08

6 .5 9 6 .5 9 -

8.00
8.00

GUAROS --------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

1 .5 5 1
370
1.1 8 1
35

4.73
6.34
4.23
8.18

4.70
6.23
4.70
8.66

3 .0 0 5 .7 2 2 .9 0 7 .3 5 -

5.72
7 .1 1
4.70
8.66

GUAROS. CLASS B ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

431
335
96

6.13
6.23
5.79

6.23
6.23
4.90

5 .7 2 5 .7 2 4 .5 5 -

7.10
6.99
7.35

J A N I T O R S . PO RTE RS . AND CLEANERS
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

3.955
1 .0 6 3
2 .8 9 2
252

4 .96
6.01
4.58
6.63

4.79
6.00
4.79
6.77

4 . 1 5 - 5.58
5 . 5 8 - 6.57
3 . 7 9 - 4.79
6 . 3 8 - 7.22

47
44
3
“

*
“

9

“

4
4

9
8

78
50
28

1
1

78
42
36

114
113
1

47
46
1

68
65
3

14
14
“

50
49
1

42
41
1

94
30
64

-

12
“

23
22

13
9

81
55

191
190

21
21

38
38

_

60
60

71
70

-

“

28
28

79
72
7

169
141
28

82
39
43

142
136

184
56
128

56
41
15

49
34
15

421
417
4

171
42
129

19
19

39
38
1

~

136
130
6

186
161
25

30
28
2

18
6
12

139
118
21

23
20
3

1
1

39
39

30

“

30

11
5

2
2

56
56

121
98
23

122
66
56

50
46
4
i

48
46
2
-

67
57
10
10

7
7
-

66
66
”

49
46
3

17
17

67
57
10

7
7
-

-

220
148
72
42

338
278
60
60

79
57

76

5
5

22
22

66
68

-

8.39
8.10
9.47

POUER-TRUCK OPERATORS
(OTHER THAN F O R K L I F T ) ---------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

_

_

_

-

-

359
359

42
42

12

6

-

-

-

12
-

-

-

-

-

-

“

37

22
3
19

10

-

37

34

78

165

_

_

165

-

10

_

“

34

78

3
“

-

-

6

24
24

“
«
6

6
6

9
9

_

_

_

“
19
2
17

_

-

“

-

»
2
7

9
2
7

38
7
31

27
I
26

2
2
“

3
1
2

2
2

13
6
7

346
8
338

324
<
1
320

See footnotes at end o f tables.

24

5
2
3

221
3
218
3

8
8
506
10
496

_
53
10
43

156
-

1
-

24
24

-

6
6
“

456
456

25
25

22
2

-




T.20

_

28
6
22

_

20
7
13

35
10
25

25
10
15

11
6
5

98
98

96

1351

4

25

92

1326
13

229
18
211
15

438
396
42
3

98
60
38
14

4

6

-

8

-

-

_
-

_
3
3

-

_
-

_

224
25
199
116
5
111

_
38
-

38

_

_

_

“

-

-

26
6
20
20

_

_

4
4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

20

_

_

_

-

-

-

20

-

-

-

40
40

_

_

12

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
12

-

8

4

1
1

_




Table A-15. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom,
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers,
by sex, large establishments, Minneapolis—St. Paul,
Minn.—Wis., January 1979
Occupation, s e x ,3 and ind us try d iv is io n

Number
of
woiken

A ve <e
raa
(mean*)
hourly
earnings4

Oc cupation, s e x , 3 and ind us try div is io n

MAINTENANCEt TOOLROOM. AND
POUERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - HEN
MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS!
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

Average
Number (mean2)
of
hourly
woiken earnings4

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTOD IAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED
$
8.28

TRUCKDRIVERS -

CONTINUED

TR UCKDRIVERS. MEDIUM TRUCK -----------MAINTENANCE E L E C T R IC IA N S ------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

339
270
91
53
377
369

8 .89
8.86

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (M ACHINERY! MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

532
475
57

8.47
8.46
8 .56

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR VE H IC LE S ! -----------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURIN6 -------------------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

269
234
181

8 .88
8.88
8 .96

MAINTENANCE P I P E F I T T E R S --------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

126
112

9.57
9 .40

MILLWRIGHTS --------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

151
143

8.78
8.75

TOOL AND D IE MAKERS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

506
505

9.18
9.18

STATIONARY ENGINEERS ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

352
83

8.71
9 .02

BOILER TENDERS -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

82
52

7.91
8.62

TRUCKDRIVERS. T R A C T O R -T R A IL E R ------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------P UB LI C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

318
295
200

9 .04
9.14
9.11

SHIPPERS ----------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

86
58

7.31
6.51

MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

57

7.60

SHIPPERS AND RECEIVERS ------------------------------

84

7.35

WAREHOUSEMEN ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

571
117

8 .18
6.24

ORDER F I L L E R S ----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

569
279
290

6.86
6.85
6 .88

SH IPP ING PACKERS --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

347
325

6 .61
6 .76

MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS ----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

1 .3 9 8
959

7.29
7.00

F O R K L I F T OPERATORS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

731
524
207

7.70
7.20
8.96

POWER-TRUCK OPERATORS
(OTHER THAN F 0 R K L IF T 1 -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

148
142

7.23
7 .22

1 .3 1 5
1 .0 4 5

4 .59
4 .19

354
171

4.59
5 .37

8.71
8 .53

MAINTENANCE MA CHINISTS -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

$
8 .89

9.43
9.26

MAINTENANCE PAINTERS ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

342

GUARDS ----------------------------------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURIN6 --------------------------------------

7*

r e c e iv e r s :

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CU STO DI AL
OCCUPATIONS - HEN

TRUCKDRIVERS ----------------------------------NONHANUFACTURIN6 -----------------TRUCKDRIVERS. L I 6 H T

TRUCK

922
686
224

8.25

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CU STO DI AL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

8.75
8.68

ORDER F I L L E R S ----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

See footnotes at end o f tables.

25

Footnotes

3 E a rn in g s data r e la te on ly to w o r k e r s w h o s e s e x id e n tific a tio n w as
p ro v id e d b y the e s ta b lis h m en t.
4 E xclu d es p re m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w e e k en d s,
h o lid a y s , and la te sh ifts .
5 E s tim a te s f o r p e rio d s ending p r i o r to 1976 r e la te to m en o.nly f o r
s k ille d m ain ten an ce and u n sk illed plant w o r k e r s . A l l o th e r e s tim a te s r e la te
to m en and w om en.
6 Data do not m e e t p u b lica tion c r i t e r i a o r data not a v a ila b le .

1 Stan d ard h ou rs r e f le c t th e w o rk w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e
t h e ir r e g u la r s tr a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s
(e x c lu s iv e o f pay f o r o v e r t im e at
r e g u la r an d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ), and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e
w e e k ly h o u rs.
2 T h e m ea n is com p u ted f o r ea c h jo b b y to ta lin g th e e a rn in g s o f a ll
w o r k e r s and d iv id in g by the n u m b er o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m ed ia n d e s ig n a te s
p o s itio n — h a lf o f th e w o r k e r s r e c e iv e th e s a m e o r m o r e and h a lf r e c e iv e
the s a m e o r le s s than the ra te shown. T h e m id d le ran ge is d e fin e d by tw o
ra te s o f pay: a fo u rth o f the w o r k e r s e a rn the s a m e o r le s s than the lo w e r
o f th e s e ra te s and a fo u rth e a rn the s a m e o r m o r e than the h ig h e r r a te .

v.




26

Appendix A .
Scope and Method
of Survey
In each o f the 72 1 a r e a s c u r r e n t ly s u rv e y e d , the B u rea u ob tain s
w a g e s and r e la te d b e n e fits d ata fr o m r e p r e s e n ta tiv e e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in
s ix b ro a d in d u s try d iv is io n s ; M a n u fa ctu rin g; tr a n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n ,
and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n c e, in s u ra n ce ,
and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s .
G o v e rn m e n t o p e ra tio n s and the c o n s tru c tio n
and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s tr ie s a r e e x c lu d e d . E s ta b lis h m en ts h a vin g f e w e r than a
p r e s c r ib e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a re a lso exclu d ed b eca u se o f in s u ffic ie n t
e m p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied . A p p e n d ix tab le 1 shows the nu m ber
o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s e s tim a te d to be w ith in the s cop e o f th is s u r v e y ,
as w e l l as the n u m b er a c tu a lly stu died.
B u re a u f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t iv e s obtain data by p e rs o n a l v is it s at 3 - y e a r
in t e r v a ls . In ea c h o f th e tw o in te r v e n in g y e a r s , in fo rm a tio n on e m p lo y m e n t
and o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s o n ly is c o lle c te d b y a c o m b in atio n o f p e rs o n a l v is it ,
m a i l q u e s tio n n a ir e , and te le p h o n e in t e r v ie w fr o m e s ta b lis h m en ts p a r tic ip a tin g
in the p r e v io u s s u r v e y .
A s a m p le o f th e e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the scop e of the s u r v e y is s e le c te d
f o r study p r i o r to ea c h p e r s o n a l v is it s u r v e y .
T h is s a m p le , le s s e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts w h ich go out o f b u s in e s s o r a re no lo n g e r w ith in the in d u s tr ia l
s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y , is r e t a in e d f o r the fo llo w in g two annual s u r v e y s .
In
m o s t c a s e s , e s ta b lis h m e n ts n ew to the a r e a a re not c o n s id e r e d in the sc o p e
o f the s u r v e y u n til the s e le c t io n o f a s a m p le f o r a p e r s o n a l v is it s u r v e y .
T h e s a m p lin g p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d e ta ile d s tr a tific a tio n o f a ll e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y in d u s try and
n u m b er o f e m p lo y e e s .
F r o m th is s t r a t ifie d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ility s a m p le
is s e le c t e d , w ith each e s ta b lis h m e n t h a vin g a p r e d e te r m in e d chan ce o f s e ­
le c t io n . T o o b ta in o p tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r p ro p o r tio n
o f l a r g e than s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c te d . W hen d ata a re c o m b in e d ,
each e s ta b lis h m e n t is w e ig h te d a c c o r d in g to its p r o b a b ility o f s e le c tio n so
th at u n b ia sed e s tim a te s a r e g e n e ra te d .
F o r e x a m p le , i f one out o f fo u r
e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c t e d , it is g iv e n a w e ig h t o f 4 to r e p r e s e n t it s e lf plus
th r e e o t h e r s . A n a lte r n a t e o f th e sam e o r ig in a l p r o b a b ility is c h o sen in the
s a m e in d u s t r y - s iz e c l a s s ific a t io n i f d ata a re not a v a ila b le fr o m the o r ig in a l
8 a m p le m e m b e r . I f no s u ita b le su b stitu te is a v a ila b le , a d d itio n a l w e ig h t is
a s s ig n e d to a s a m p le m e m b e r that is s im ila r to the m is s in g unit.
O c c u p a tio n s and e a r n in g s
O c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r study a re com m o n to a v a r ie t y o f m a n u fa c ­
tu rin g and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f the fo llo w in g ty p e s ;
(1 )
O f f ic e c l e r i c a l ; (2 ) p r o f e s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (3 ) m a in te n a n c e , to o lr o o m ,

and p o w e rp la n t; and (4 ) m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t and c u s to d ia l.
O ccu p ation al
c la s s ific a t io n is b a sed on a u n ifo rm s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d esign ed to take
accoun t o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n in d u ties w ith in the sam e job .
O ccu p a tion s s e le c te d f o r study a re lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d in appendix B.
U n le s s o th e r w is e in d ic a te d , the e a rn in g s data fo llo w in g the job
tit le s a re f o r a ll in d u s trie s c om b in ed .
E a rn in g s data fo r som e o f the
occ u p a tio n s lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d , o r fo r s o m e in d u stry d iv is io n s w ith in the
s c o p e o f the s u r v e y , a re not p re s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s tab les becau se
e ith e r (1 ) e m p lo y m e n t in the o ccu p atio n is too s m a ll to p ro v id e enough data
to m e r i t p re s e n ta tio n , o r (2 ) th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f individ u al
e s ta b lis h m e n t d ata.
S e p a ra te m e n 's and w o m e n 's e a rn in g s data a re not
p re s e n te d w hen the nu m ber o f w o r k e r s not id e n tifie d b y s e x is 20 p e rc e n t
o r m o r e o f the m en o r w o m e n id e n tifie d in an occu p a tio n . E a rn in g s data
not shown s e p a r a t e ly f o r in d u s try d iv is io n s a re inclu d ed in data fo r a ll
in d u s trie s co m b in e d .
L ik e w is e , fo r occu p atio n s w ith m o r e than one le v e l,
d ata a r e in clu d ed in the o v e r a l l c la s s ific a t io n w hen a s u b c la s s ific a tio n is
not shown o r in fo rm a tio n to s u b c la s s ify is not a v a ila b le .
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a rn in g s data a r e shown fo r fu ll- tim e
w o r k e r s , i. e ., th ose h ir e d to w oric a r e g u la r w e e k ly sch ed u le.
E arn in gs
data e x c lu d e p re m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w eek en d s, h o lid ays,
and la te s h ifts .
N o n p ro d u c tio n bonuses a re exclu d ed , but c o s t - o f- liv in g
a llo w a n c e s and in c e n tiv e b on u ses a re in clu d ed . W e e k ly hours fo r o ffic e
c l e r ic a l and p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o ccu p atio n s r e f e r to the standard
w o rk w e e k (rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf h ou r) fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e
r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r tim e at re g u la r
and/or p re m iu m r a t e s ). A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s fo r th e s e occupations a re
rou n ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r . V e r t ic a l lin e s w ith in the d is trib u tio n o f
w o r k e r s on s o m e A - t a b le s in d ic a te a chan ge in the s iz e o f the c la s s in te r v a ls .
T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f oc c u p a tio n a l e arn in gs in an a re a
at a p a r tic u la r tim e . C o m p a ris o n s o f in d iv id u a l oc c u p a tio n a l a v e ra g e s o v e r
tim e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c te d w a g e c h an ges. T h e a v e r a g e s fo r in d ivid u al job s
a re a ffe c te d b y ch an ges in w a g e s and e m p lo y m e n t p a tte rn s .
F o r exam p le,
p ro p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by h igh - o r lo w - w a g e f ir m s m a y change, o r
h ig h -w a g e w o r k e r s m a y ad van ce to b e tte r jo b s and be r e p la c e d by new
w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a te s . Such sh ifts in e m p lo y m e n t cou ld d e c r e a s e an oc c u ­
p a tio n a l a v e r a g e e v en though m o s t e s ta b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a in c r e a s e w ages
d u rin g the y e a r . C h an ges in e a rn in g s o f o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s, shown in table
A - 7 , a r e b e tte r in d ic a to rs o f w a g e tre n d s than a re e a rn in g s changes fo r
in d iv id u a l jo b s w ith in the g ro u p s.
A v e r a g e e a rn in g s r e f le c t c o m p o s ite ,

a r e a w id e e s tim a te s . In d u stries
s ta ffin g , and thus con trib u te
a v e r a g e s m a y f a il to r e f le c t
in in d iv id u a l es ta b lis h m en ts .

1
Included in the 72 areas are 2 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas are
and e s ta b lis h m e n ts d if f e r in p ay l e v e l and jo b
Akron, Ohio and Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—
Newburgh, N. Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area
d if fe r e n t ly to the e s tim a te s f o r each jo b . P a y
studies in approximately 100 areas at the request of the Employment Standards Administration o f the U. S.
a c c u r a te ly the w a g e d iffe r e n t ia l am ong jo b s
Department of Labor.




A v e r a g e pay l e v e ls f o r m en and w o m e n in s e le c te d o ccu p atio n s should
not be a s s u m ed to r e f l e c t d iffe r e n c e s in pay o f the s e x e s w ith in in d iv id u a l
e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
F a c to r s w h ich m a y c o n trib u te to d iffe r e n c e s in clu d e p r o ­
g r e s s io n w ith in e s ta b lis h e d r a te ra n g e s (o n ly the r a te s p aid incum bents a r e
c o lle c t e d ) and p e r fo r m a n c e o f s p e c ific d u ties w ith in the g e n e r a l s u r v e y job
d e s c r ip tio n s .
Job d e s c r ip tio n s u sed to c la s s ify e m p lo y e e s in th e s e s u rv e y s
u su ally a r e m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th ose u sed in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts
and a llo w fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts in s p e c ific du ties
p e r fo r m e d .
O ccu p a tion a l e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a ll e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in the s cop e o f the study and not the nu m ber a c tu a lly s u rv e y e d .
B ec a u se oc c u p a tio n a l s tru c tu re s am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts d if fe r , e s tim a te s of
occu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t ob tain ed f r o m the s a m p le o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied
s e r v e on ly to in d ic a te the r e la t iv e im p o rta n c e o f the jo b s studied.
These
d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s tru c tu re do not a ffe c t m a t e r ia lly the a c c u r a c y o f
the e a rn in g s data.

P e r c e n t chan ges fo r in d iv id u a l a r e a s
as fo llo w s :

in the p r o g r a m a r e com p u ted

1. A v e r a g e e a rn in g s a r e com p u ted f o r e a c h occu p a tio n fo r
the 2 y e a rs being c o m p a re d .
T h e a v e r a g e s a r e d e r iv e d
f r o m ea rn in g s in th ose e s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ich a r e in
the s u r v e y both y e a r s ; it is a s s u m ed th at e m p lo y m e n t
rem a in s unchanged.
2.

E ach occu p ation is a s s ig n e d a w e ig h t b a s e d on its p r o ­
p o rtio n a te em p lo ym e n t in the o c c u p a tio n a l gro u p in the
b ase y e a r .

3.

T h e s e w e ig h ts a r e u sed to c om p u te g ro u p a v e r a g e s .
E ach occ u p a tio n 's a v e r a g e e a rn in g s (c o m p u te d in step 1)
is m u ltip lie d by its w e ig h t.
T h e p ro d u cts a r e to ta le d to
obtain a grou p a v e r a g e .

4.

T h e r a tio o f grou p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s is
com puted by d iv id in g the a v e r a g e f o r the c u r r e n t y e a r by
the a v e r a g e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e r e s u lt— e x p r e s s e d
as a p e rc e n t— le s s 100 is th e p e r c e n t chan ge.

W a ge tre n d s f o r s e le c te d oc c u p a tio n a l grou ps
T h e p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s p re s e n te d in ta b le A - 7 a r e b a sed on chan ges
in a v e r a g e h o u rly e a rn in g s o f m en and w o m e n in e s ta b lis h m e n ts r e p o r tin g the
tre n d job s in both the c u r re n t and p re v io u s y e a r (m a tc h e d e s ta b lis h m e n ts ).
T h e data a r e a d ju s te d to r e m o v e the e ffe c ts on a v e r a g e e a rn in g s o f e m p lo y ­
m en t sh ifts am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts and tu r n o v e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts in clu d ed
in s u r v e y s a m p le s .
T h e p e rc e n t in c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a r e s t ill a ffe c t e d by
fa c to r s o th e r than w a g e in c r e a s e s .
H ir in g s , la y o ffs , and tu r n o v e r m a y a ffe c t
an e s ta b lis h m e n t a v e r a g e fo r an occu p a tio n w hen w o r k e r s a r e p aid under plans
p ro v id in g a ra n g e o f w a g e r a te s fo r in d iv id u a l jo b s .
In p e rio d s o f in c r e a s e d
h ir in g , fo r e x a m p le , new e m p lo y e e s m a y e n te r at the b o tto m o f the ra n g e ,
d e p re s s in g th e a v e r a g e w ith ou t a chan ge in w a g e ra te s .
T h e p e r c e n t chan ges r e la te to w a g e chan ges b e tw e e n the in d ic a te d
d ates.
W hen the tim e span b e tw e e n s u r v e y s is o th e r than 12 m on th s, annual
r a te s a r e a ls o shown.
(I t is a s s u m ed th at w a g e s in c r e a s e at a con stan t ra te
b etw een s u r v e y s .)
O ccu p ation s u sed to com p u te w a g e tr e n d s a r e :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l

E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g —
C ontinued

S e c r e t a r ie s
S t e n o g ra p h e rs , s e n io r
S t e n o g ra p h e rs , g e n e r a l
T y p is t s , c la s s e s A and B
F i l e c le r k s , c la s s e s A ,
B , and C
M essen g ers
S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a to r s
O r d e r c le r k s , c la s s e s
A and B
A c c o u n tin g c le r k s ,
c la s s e s A and B
P a y r o l l c le r k s
K e y e n tr y o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s e s A and B

C o m p u te r o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s e s A , B , and C

E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g
C o m p u te r s y s te m s an alysts,
c la s s e s A , B , and C
C o m p u te r p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c la s s e s A , B , and C




In d u s tr ia l n u rses
R e g is t e r e d in d u s tr ia l
nur s e s
S k ille d m ain ten a n ce
C a rp e n te r s
E le c t r ic ia n s
P a in t e r s
M a c h in is ts
M e c h a n ic s (m a c h in e r y )
M e c h a n ic s (m o t o r v e h ic le )
P ip e f it t e r s
T o o l and d ie m a k e r s
U n s k ille d plant
J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and
c le a n e r s
M a t e r ia l h andling la b o r e r s

F o r a m o r e d e ta ile d d e s c r ip tio n o f the m eth od u sed to com p u te th e s e
w a g e tr e n d s , s e e "Im p r o v in g A r e a W a g e S u r v e y I n d e x e s ," M on th ly L a b o r
R e v ie w , January 1973, pp. 52-57.
A v e r a g e p ay rela tio n sh ip s w ith in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
R e la t iv e m e a s u re s o f o c c u p a tio n a l pay a r e p r e s e n te d in ta b le A - 8
f o r w h it e - c o lla r occu p ation s and in ta b le A - 9 fo r b lu e - c o lla r oc c u p a tio n s .
T h e s e r e la t iv e valu e s r e f le c t d iffe r e n c e s in pay b e tw e e n occu p atio n s w ith in
in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m en ts .
R e la tiv e pay v a lu e s a r e c om p u ted b y d iv id in g an
e s ta b lis h m e n t's a v e r a g e e a rn in g s f o r an o c c u p a tio n b ein g c o m p a re d by the
a v e r a g e fo r an oth er occu p ation d e s ig n a te d as 100 and m u ltip ly in g the qu o tien t
by 100.
F o r e x a m p le , i f ja n ito r s in a f i r m a v e r a g e $4 an hour and f o r k l i ft
o p e r a to r s $ 5 , f o r k lift o p e r a to r s h ave a r e la t iv e p a y v a lu e o f 125 c o m p a re d
w ith ja n ito r s .
($ 5 -5 $4 = 1.25, x 100 = 125.)
In c o m b in in g the r e la t iv e s o f
the in d iv id u a l es ta b lis h m en ts to a r r i v e at an o v e r a ll a v e r a g e , each e s ta b lis h ­
m en t is c o n s id e r e d to have as m an y r e la t iv e s as it has w e ig h te d w o r k e r s
in th e tw o job s b ein g co m p a re d .
P a y re la tio n sh ip s b ased on o v e r a l l a v e r a g e s m a y d i f f e r c o n s id e r a b ly
b e ca u s e o f the v a r y in g c o n trib u tio n o f h ig h - and lo w - w a g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts to
the a v e r a g e s .
F o r e x a m p le , the o v e r a l l a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r f o r k l i f t
o p e r a to r s m a y be 50 p e rc e n t m o r e than th e a v e r a g e f o r ja n ito r s b e c a u s e th,e
a v e r a g e f o r fo r k lift o p e r a to r s m a y be s tr o n g ly in flu e n c e d by e a r n in g s in
h ig h -w a g e e s ta b lis h m en ts w h ile the a v e r a g e fo r ja n ito r s m a y be s tr o n g ly
in flu e n ce d b y ea rn in g s in lo w - w a g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
In such a c a s e , the
in tr a -e s ta b lis h m e n t r e la tio n s h ip w i l l in d ic a te a m u ch s m a lle r d if fe r e n c e
in e a r n in g s .
a
'
E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s
T a b u la tio n s on s e le c te d e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry
w a g e p r o v is io n s ( B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) a r e not p r e s e n te d in th is b u lle tin . I n fo r m a ­
tio n f o r th e s e tab u lation s is c o lle c te d a t 3 - y e a r in t e r v a ls .
T h e s e ta b u la tion s
on m in im u m e n tra n ce s a la r ie s f o r in e x p e r ie n c e d o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; s h ift d i f f e r ­
e n tia ls ; sch ed u led w e e k ly hours and d a y s ; p aid h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a tio n s ; and
h ea lth , in s u ra n c e , and p e n s io n plans a r e p r e s e n te d (in the B - s e r i e s t a b le s )
in p re v io u s b u lle tin s fo r this a r e a .

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied,
Minneapolis—St. Paul, Minn.—Wis.,1January 1979
In d u s tr y d iv is io n 2

ALL
ALL

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b lis h m e n ts in s c o p e
o f stu dy

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts

N u m b e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

W ith in s c o p e o f stu dy 4
W ith in s c o p e
o f stu d y 3

Stu d ied

S tu d ied
N um ber

P ercen t

ES T ABLISHMENTS

INDUSTRY D I V I S I O N S ----------------------------------------------

-

1 .8 2 9

252

9 89 *079

100

2 A 0 .1 0 2

MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------------------------------TRANSPORTATION* COMMUNICATION* AND
OTHER P UB LI C U T I L I T I E S 5 -----------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE 6 ------------------------------------------------------------------R E T A I L TRADE 6 --------------------------------------------------------F I N A N C E . IN SURAN CE. AND REAL E S T A T E 6 -----------S ER V IC E S 6 7-----------------------------------------------------------------

50

555
1 .2 7 A

95
157

1 9 5 .6 5 9
2 9 3 . A20

A0
60

118.182
1 2 1 .9 2 0

50
50
50
50
50

12 A
272
A1A
183
281

23
2A
39
19
52

5 1 .0 7 6
3B.711
1 1 1 .1 1 0
A 6 .2 1 2
A6 .3 1 1

10
8
23
9
9

3 4 t 686
8*7 90
5 1 . A02
1 A .A 3 5
12*607

LARGE ESTABLISHMENTS
ALL

INDUSTRY D I V I S I O N S ------------------------------------

-

166

90

| 2 7 0 . ADA

100

210.257

MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------------TRANSPORTATION* COMMUNICATION. AND
OTHER PU B LI C U T I L I T I E S 5 -----------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE 6 --------------------------------------------------r e t a i l TRADE 6 -------------------------------------------------------------------------F I N A N C E . INSUR AN CE. AND REAL ESTA TE 6 ---------------S ER VI CE S 6 7-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

500

59
107

A0
50

1 2 1 .2 3 3
1A 9. 1 71

45
55

107*222
1 0 3 .0 3 5

500
500
500
500
500

13
9
53
21
11

11
5
20
10
4

3 3 .5 0 9
1 0 .6 7 3
7 A .821
2 2 .7 1 6
7 .A 5 2

12
4
28
8
3

12« 74 8
3.219

1 T h e M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d
b y th e O f f i c e o f M a n a g e m e n t and B u d g et th ro u g h F e b r u a r y 1974, c o n s is ts o f A n o k a ,
C arver,
C h is a g o ,
D a k o ta ,
H en n ep in ,
R a m s e y , S c o tt,
W a s h in g to n , and W r ig h t
C o u n tie s , M in n .; an d St. C r o ix C ou n ty, W is .
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f stu d y "
e s t im a t e s p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a te d e s c r ip t io n o f th e s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f
th e la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
E s tim a te s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , fo r
c o m p a r is o n w ith o t h e r s t a t is t ic a l s e r i e s to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tr e n d s o r le v e ls
s in c e (1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s e s ta b lis h m e n t d a ta c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly
in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r io d s tu d ie d , and (2 ) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d
f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1972 e d it io n o f th e S ta n d a rd In d u s tr ia l C la s s if ic a t io n M a n u a l w a s u s e d
in c l a s s if y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts b y in d u s try d iv is io n .
A l l g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a tio n s a r e
e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
3 In c lu d e s a l l e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to t a l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m
lim it a t io n .
A l l o u tle ts (w ith in the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in in d u s tr ie s such as t r a d e ,




fin a n c e , au to r e p a ir s e r v i c e , an d m o t io n p ic t u r e th e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as one
e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 In c lu d e s a l l w o r k e r s in a l l e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t (w ith in
th e a r e a ) a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m lim it a t io n .
5 A b b r e v ia t e d to " p u b lic u t i l i t i e s " in th e A - s e r i e s
t a b le s .
T a x ic a b s and
s e r v i c e s in c id e n ta l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n a r e e x c lu d e d .
6 S e p a r a te d a ta f o r th is d iv is io n a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d in th e A - and B - s e r i e s
t a b le s , but th e d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in th e " a l l in d u s t r ie s " an d "n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g "
e s t im a t e s .
7 H o te ls and m o t e ls ; la u n d r ie s and o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ;
a u to m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n t a l, and p a r k in g ; m o tio n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h ip
o r g a n iz a t io n s (e x c lu d in g r e lig io u s and c h a r it a b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); and e n g in e e r in g and
a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

29




Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p re p a r in g jo b d e s c r ip tio n s f o r the B u ­
r e a u ' s w a g e s u r v e y s is to a s s is t its f ie ld r e p r e s e n ta tiv e s in c la s s ify in g
in to a p p r o p r ia t e o c c u p a tio n s w o r k e r s who a r e e m p lo ye d u n der a v a r ie t y
o f p a y r o ll t it le s and d if fe r e n t w o r k a rra n g e m e n ts fr o m e s ta b lis h m e n t to
e s ta b lis h m e n t and f r o m a r e a to a r e a . T h is p e r m its gro u p in g o c c u p a tio n a l
w a g e r a te s r e p r e s e n tin g c o m p a r a b le jo b content.
B ec a u se o f th is e m ­
p h a s is on in t e r e s ta b lis h m e n t and in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ility o f o c c u p a tio n a l
c on ten t, th e B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r ip tio n s m a y d if fe r s ig n ific a n tly f r o m th ose
in u se in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts o r th ose p re p a r e d f o r o th e r p u rp o s es .
In a p p lyin g th e s e jo b d e s c r ip tio n s , the B u r e a u 's f ie ld r e p r e s e n ta tiv e s
a r e in s tr u c te d to e x c lu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p re n tic e s ; and p a r t tim e , te m p o r a r y , and p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s . H an dicapped w o r k e r s w h o s e
e a r n in g s a r e r e d u c e d b e c a u s e o f th e ir handicap a r e a ls o exclu d ed .
L e a r n e r s , b e g in n e r s , and t r a in e e s , u n less s p e c ific a lly in clu d ed in the
jo b d e s c r ip tio n s , a r e e x c lu d e d .

Office
SECRETARY

SEC R E T A R Y — C ontinued

A s s ig n e d as a p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to one in d iv id u a l. M a in ­
ta in s a c lo s e and h ig h ly r e s p o n s iv e re la tio n s h ip to the d a y - t o - d a y a c t iv it ie s
o f th e s u p e r v is o r .
W o rk s f a i r l y in d ep en d en tly r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f
d e ta ile d s u p e r v is io n and g u id a n c e .
P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e ­
t a r i a l d u tie s r e q u ir in g a k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e rou tin e and u n d erstan d in g o f
th e o r g a n iz a tio n , p r o g r a m s , and p ro c e d u r e s r e la te d to the w o r k o f the
s u p e r v is o r .

E x c lus ion s— C ontinued
e.

f.
E x c lu s io n s . N ot a ll p o s itio n s that a re tit le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e ab ove
c h a r a c t e r is t ic s .
E x a m p le s o f p o s itio n s w h ich a re e xclu d ed f r o m th e d e f­
in itio n a r e as fo llo w s :
a.

P o s it io n s w h ic h d o n ot m e e t
d e s c r ib e d a b o v e ;

the "p e r s o n a l"

b.

S e c r e t a r y jo b s w h ich m e e t the r e q u ir e d c h a r a c t e r is t ic s a r e m atch ed
at one o f f iv e le v e ls a c c o r d in g to (a ) th e l e v e l o f th e s e c r e t a r y 's s u p e r v is o r
w ith in the com p a n y ' s o r g a n iz a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e and, (b ) the l e v e l o f the
s e c r e t a r y ' s r e s p o n s ib ilit y .
T h e tab u la tion fo llo w in g th e exp lan ation s o f
th e s e tw o fa c t o r s in d ic a te s th e l e v e l o f the s e c r e t a r y f o r each com b in a tio n
o f th e fa c t o r s .

S te n o g ra p h e rs s e r v in g as o f f ic e a s s is ta n ts to a g ro u p o f p r o ­
fe s s io n a l, te c h n ic a l, o r m a n a g e r ia l p e rs o n s ;

s e c r e ta r y con cept

L e v e l o f S e c r e t a r y 's S u p e r v is o r ( L S )

d.

A s s is t a n t - t y p e p o s itio n s w h ich e n ta il m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e
r e s p o n s ib le te c h n ic a l, a d m in is tr a tiv e , o r s u p e r v is o r y d u ties
w h ic h a r e n o t t y p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r ia l w o rk , e .g ., A d m in is t r a t iv e
 s is t a n t , o r E x e c u tiv e A s s is ta n t ;
As



T r a in e e s .

C la s s ific a t io n b y L e v e l

S te n o g ra p h e rs not f u lly tr a in e d in s e c r e t a r ia l- t y p e d u tie s ;

c.

P o s itio n s w h ich do not f i t any o f the situ a tion s lis te d in the
s e c tio n s b e lo w t itle d " L e v e l o f S u p e r v is o r , " e .g ., s e c r e t a r y to
the p r e s id e n t o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000
p e rs o n s ;

L S —1

31

a.

*

S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v is o r o r head o f a s m a ll o r g a n iz a tio n a l
unit (e . g . , f e w e r than abou t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ); o r

SECRETARY— Continued

SECRETARY— Continued

Classification by L e v e l— Continued

Classification by L evel— Continued

b.

L S -2

S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s ta ff s p e c ia lis t, p r o fe s s io n a l
e m p lo y e e , a d m in is tr a tiv e o f f i c e r o r a s s is ta n t, s k ille d te c h n icia n
o r ex p ert.
(N O T E :
M a n y co m p a n ie s a s s ig n s te n o g r a p h e r s ,
r a th e r than s e c r e t a r ie s as d e s c r ib e d ab ove, to this l e v e l o f
s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)

a.

S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e rs o n w h ose r e s p o n ­
s ib ilit y is not e q u iv a le n t to one o f the s p e c ific l e v e l situ a tion s in
the d e fin itio n fo r L S -3 , but w h o s e o r g a n iz a tio n a l unit n o r m a lly
n u m b ers at le a s t s e v e r a l d o ze n e m p lo y e e s and is u s u a lly d iv id e d
into o r g a n iz a tio n a l s e g m e n ts w h ich a re o fte n , in tu rn, fu r th e r
s u b d ivid e d . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , th is l e v e l in clu d es a w id e ran ge
o f o r g a n iz a tio n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o th e r s , o n ly one o r tw o; o r

p o s itio n s . V ic e p re s id e n ts w h ose p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y is to a c t p e r s o n a lly
on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r tra n s a c tio n s ( e .g ., a p p ro v e o r deny in d iv id u a l loan
o r c r e d it a c tio n s ; a d m in is te r in d iv id u a l tr u s t ac c o u n ts ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v is e a
c l e r i c a l s ta ff) a r e not c o n s id e r e d to be " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u rp o s es
o f a p p lyin g the d e fin itio n .

L e v e l o f S e c r e t a r y 's R e s p o n s ib ility ( L R )

T h is fa c to r eva lu a tes the n a tu re o f the w o r k re la tio n s h ip b e tw e e n
the s e c r e t a r y and the s u p e rv is o r , and the e x te n t to w h ich the s e c r e t a r y
is e x p e c te d to e x e r c is e in it ia tiv e and ju d gm en t.
S e c r e t a r ie s should be
m atch ed at L R —1 o r L R —2 d e s c r ib e d b e lo w a c c o r d in g to th e ir l e v e l o f
r e s p o n s ib ility .

b.

a.

S e c r e t a r y to the c h a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t o f a com p an y
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, f e w e r than 100 p e rs o n s ; o r

b.

S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a te o f f i c e r (o th e r than c h a irm a n o f the
b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t) o f a com p an y th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100
but f e w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

a.

A n s w e r s telep h on es,
com in g m a il.

c.

L S -3

S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an in d iv id u a l p lant, fa c to r y , e tc ., (o r
och er e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f ic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, f e w e r
than 5 ,0 0 0 p e rs o n s .

S e c r e t a r y to the head (im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w the o f f ic e r le v e l ) o v e r
e ith e r a m a jo r c o r p o r a te w id e fu n c tio n a l a c tiv ity (e . g . , m a r k e tin g ,
r e s e a r c h , o p e r a tio n s , in d u s tr ia l r e la tio n s , e tc .) o r a m a jo r
g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a tio n a l s e g m e n t (e . g . , a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r­
t e r s ; a m a jo r d iv is io n ) o f a com p an y th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r
5 .00 0 but f e w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p lo y e e s ; o r

b.

A n s w e r s telep h on e re q u e s ts w h ich h a ve sta n d a rd a n s w e rs .
r e p ly to re q u e s ts by sen d in g a f o r m le t t e r .

c.

R e v ie w s c o r re s p o n d e n c e , m e m o ra n d a , and r e p o r ts p r e p a r e d by
oth e rs f o r the s u p e r v i s o r 's s ig n a tu r e to e n s u re p r o c e d u r a l and
ty p o g ra p h ic a l a c c u ra c y .

d.

M ain tain s s u p e r v is o r 's
in stru cted .

e.

T y p e s , tak es and tr a n s c r ib e s d ic ta tio n , and f i l e s .

d.

L S -4

S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an in d iv id u a l plant, fa c t o r y , e tc ., (o r
o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f ic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r
5 .00 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

e.

LR —1. P e r f o r m s v a r ie d s e c r e t a r i a l d u ties in clu d in g o r c o m p a ra b le
to m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :

S e c r e t a r y to the head o f a la r g e and im p o rta n t o r g a n iz a tio n a l
s e g m e n t (e . g . , a m id d le m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v is o r o f an o r g a n i­
z a tio n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g as m a n y as s e v e r a l hundred
p e r s o n s ) o f a com p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e rs o n s .

a.

S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a te o f f i c e r (o t h e r than the c h a irm a n o f the
b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t) o f a com p an y th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,00 0
but f e w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e rs o n s ; o r

c.

S e c r e t a r y to the head, im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the c o r p o r a te o f f ic e r
le v e l , o f a m a jo r s e g m e n t o r s u b s id ia ry o f a c om p an y that
e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

a.

c a le n d a r

and

c a ll e r s ,

m a k es

and

opens

in ­

M ay

ap p oin tm en ts as

S c re e n s
can be
o ffic e s .

telep h on e and p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , d e te rm in in g w h ich
handled by th e s u p e r v is o r ' s su b o rd in a te s o r o th e r

b. A n s w e r s req u e sts w h ich r e q u ir e a d e ta ile d k n o w le d g e o f o f ­
f ic e p ro c e d u r e s o r c o lle c t io n o f in fo rm a tio n f r o m f i l e s o r
o th er o ffic e s .
M a y s ig n ro u tin e c o r r e s p o n d e n c e in own o r
s u p e r v is o r 's nam e.

N O T E : T h e te r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r " u sed in the ab ove L S d e fin itio n
r e f e r s to th ose o f f i c ia ls w ho h a ve a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a te w id e p o lic y m a k in g
r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r c o m p a n y a c t iv it ie s .
T h e t it le " v i c e p r e s id e n t, "
though n o r m a lly in d ic a tiv e o f th is r o le , d o e s not in a ll c a s e s id e n tify such




p erson a l

L R —2. P e r f o r m s duties d e s c r ib e d under L R —1 and, in ad d ition
p e rfo r m s task s r e q u ir in g g r e a t e r ju d g m e n t, in it ia t iv e , and k n o w l­
edge o f o ffic e functions in c lu d in g o r c o m p a ra b le to m o s t o f the
fo llo w in g :

S e c r e t a r y to the c h a ir m a n o f the b o a rd o f p r e s id e n t o f a com p an y
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5 ,00 0 p e rs o n s ; o r

b.

g re e ts

c.

32

C o m p ile s o r a s s is ts in c o m p ilin g p e r io d ic r e p o r ts on the b a s is
o f g e n e r a l in s tru c tio n s .

SEC R E TA R Y— Continued

STENOGRAHHER— Continued

d.

S ch ed u les te n t a tiv e ap p oin tm en ts w ith out p r io r c le a r a n c e .
As­
s e m b le s n e c e s s a r y b ack grou n d m a te r ia l fo r sch ed u led m e e tin g s .
M a k e s a r r a n g e m e n ts f o r m e e tin g s and c o n fe r e n c e s .

S ten o g ra p h e r, G e n e r a l. D ic ta tio n in v o lv e s a n o rm a l rou tin e v o ca b u la ry . M ay
m a in ta in f ile s , k e ep s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e la t iv e ly rou tin e
c l e r i c a l task s.

e.

E x p la in s s u p e r v is o r 's re q u ire m e n ts to oth er e m p lo y e e s in s u p e r ­
v i s o r ' s unit. ( A l s o ty p e s , tak es d icta tio n , and f i l e s . )

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E T Y P I S T

T h e fo llo w in g ta b u la tio n shows the l e v e l o f the s e c r e t a r y f o r each
LS and L R c o m b in a tio n .

L e v e l of s e c re ta ry ' s
______ s u p e r v is o r ______

P r i m a r y duty is to ty p e co p y o f v o ic e r e c o r d e d d ic ta tio n w h ich does
not in v o lv e v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such as that used in
le g a l b r ie fs o r r e p o r ts on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h . M a y a ls o typ e fr o m w r itte n
cop y. M a y m a in ta in f ile s , k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m oth er r e la t iv e ly
ro u tin e c l e r i c a l task s.
(S e e S ten o g ra p h e r d e fin itio n f o r w o r k e r s in v o lve d
w ith shorth and d ic ta tio n .)

L e v e l o f s e c r e t a r y 's r e s p o n s ib ilit y
T Y P IS T
L R —1

L R —2

LS—1 _____________________________________
LS—2 _____________________________________

C la s s E
C la s s D

T.S— ______
3

Class C

Class 1
3

LS—4 _____________________________________

C la s s

C la s s A

B

C la s s D
C la s s C

STENO G RAPH ER
P r i m a r y duty is to tak e d ic ta tio n using' shorthand, and to t r a n ­
s c r ib e the d ic ta tio n . M a y a ls o ty p e fr o m w r itte n copy. M a y o p e r a te f r o m a
s te n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
M a y o c c a s io n a lly tr a n s c r ib e fro m v o ic e r e c o r d in g s (if
p r im a r y duty is t r a n s c r ib in g f r o m r e c o r d in g s , s e e T r a n s c r ib in g -M a c h in e
T y p is t ).

N O T E : T h is jo b is d is tin g u is h e d f r o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a lly w o r k s in a c o n fid e n tia l re la tio n s h ip w ith on ly one m a n ­
a g e r o r e x e c u tiv e and p e r f o r m s m o r e re s p o n s ib le and d is c r e t io n a r y task s
as d e s c r ib e d in th e s e c r e t a r y jo b d e fin itio n .

U ses a ty p e w r it e r to m ak e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a te r ia ls o r to m ake
out b ills a ft e r c a lc u la tio n s h a ve b een m ad e b y an oth er p e rs o n . M a y include
ty p in g o f s te n c ils , m a ts , o r s im ila r m a te r ia ls f o r use in d u p licatin g
p ro cesses.
M a y do c l e r i c a l w o rk in v o lv in g l i t t le s p e c ia l tra in in g, such
as k e ep in g s im p le r e c o r d s , f ilin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r ts , o r s o rtin g and
d is trib u tin g in c o m in g m a il.
C la s s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : T yp in g m a te r ia l
in fin a l f o r m w hen it in v o lv e s c om b in in g m a t e r ia l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ;
o r r e s p o n s ib ilit y fo r c o r r e c t s p e llin g , s y lla b ic a tio n , punctuation, e tc., o f
te c h n ic a l o r unusual w o rd s o r fo r e ig n lan gu a ge m a t e r ia l; o r planning l a y ­
out and ty p in g o f c o m p lic a te d s ta tis tic a l ta b le s to m a in ta in u n ifo rm ity and
b a la n ce in sp acin g. M a y ty p e rou tin e f o r m le t t e r s , v a r y in g d e ta ils to suit
c irc u m s ta n c e s .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : C opy typ in g fr o m
rou gh o r c le a r d r a ft s ; o r rou tin e ty p in g o f fo r m s , in s u ra n ce p o lic ie s , e tc .;
o r s e ttin g up s im p le stan dard ta b u la tio n s; o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x tab les
a lr e a d y s e t up and sp a ced p r o p e r ly .

F IL E C L E R K
S te n o g ra p h e r, S e n io r .
D ic ta tio n in v o lv e s a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d
v o c a b u la r y such as in l e g a l b r ie f s o r r e p o r ts on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h . M a y
a ls o s e t up and m a in ta in f i l e s , k e ep r e c o r d s , etc.
OR
P e r f o r m s s te n o g r a p h ic d u ties r e q u irin g s ig n ific a n tly g r e a t e r in d e ­
p e n d en ce and r e s p o n s ib ilit y than s te n o g ra p h e r, g e n e ra l, as e v id e n c e d b y the
fo llo w in g :
W o r k r e q u ir e s a h ig h d e g r e e o f sten o gra p h ic s p eed and a c c u r a c y ;
a th rou gh w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l busin ess and o f f ic e p r o c e d u r e ; and
o f the s p e c ific b u s in e s s o p e r a tio n s , o rg a n iza tio n , p o lic ie s , p r o c e d u r e s , f ile s ,
w o r k flo w , etc.
U s e s th is k n o w le d g e in p e r fo r m in g s te n o g ra p h ic d u ties and
r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l ta s k s such as m ain ta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b lin g
m a t e r ia l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d a , and le t t e r s ; co m p o s in g s im p le le t t e r s
f r o m g e n e r a l in s tr u c tio n s ; r e a d in g and rou tin g in co m in g m a il; and a n s w e rin g
ro u tin e q u e s tio n s , e tc .




F ile s , c la s s ifie s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r ia l in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g
s y s te m . M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and m anual task s r e q u ir e d to m aintain file s .
P o s itio n s a r e c la s s ifie d in to le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A .
C la s s if ie s and in d exes f i l e m a t e r ia l such as c o r r e s p o n d ­
en ce, r e p o r ts , te c h n ic a l d ocu m en ts, e tc ., in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g s y s te m
con ta in in g a n u m b er o f v a r ie d
s u b je ct m a tte r f i l e s .
M a y a ls o f i l e this
m a te r ia l. M a y k e ep r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p es in con ju n ctio n w ith the file s .
M a y le a d a s m a ll gro u p o f lo w e r l e v e l f i l e c le r k s .

C la s s B . S o rts , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l by s im p le
(s u b je c t m a tte r ) h ead in gs o r p a r t ly c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l by fin e r subheadings.
P r e p a r e s s im p le r e la te d in d ex and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e aid s.
A s req u ested ,
lo c a te s c le a r ly id e n tifie d m a t e r ia l in f i l e s and fo r w a r d s m a te ria l. M a y
p e rfo r m
r e la te d c l e r i c a l task s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v ic e file s .

F IL E CLERK— Continued

ORDER CLERK— Continued

C la s s C . P e r f o r m s ro u tin e f ilin g o f m a t e r ia l that has a lr e a d y b een
c la s s ifie d o r w h ich is e a s ily c la s s ifie d in a s im p le s e r ia l c la s s ific a t io n
s y s te m ( e . g . ,
a lp h a b e tic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r n u m e r ic a l).
A s re q u e s te d ,
lo c a te s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a t e r ia l in f i l e s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l; and m a y
f i l l out w ith d ra w a l c h a r g e . M a y p e r fo r m s im p le c l e r i c a l and m an u al task s
re q u ire d to m a in ta in and s e r v ic e f i l e s .

P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s :

a re

c la s s ifie d

into

le v e ls

a c c o r d in g

to

the

fo llo w in g

M ESSENGER

C la s s A . H an dles o r d e r s th at in v o lv e m a k in g ju d g m en ts such as
c h o o s in g w h ich s p e c ific p ro d u c t o r m a t e r ia l fr o m the e s ta b lis h m e n t's p ro d u ct
lin e s w i l l s a tis fy the c u s to m e r 's n e e d s , o r d e te r m in in g the p r ic e to be quoted
w hen p r ic in g in v o lv e s m o r e than m e r e l y r e f e r r i n g to a p r ic e l i s t o r m ak in g
s o m e s im p le m a th e m a tic a l c a lc u la tio n s .

P e r f o r m s v a r io u s ro u tin e d u ties such as running e rr a n d s , o p e r a tin g
m in o r o f f i c e m a c h in e s such as s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , op en in g and d is trib u tin g
m a il, and o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .
E x c lu d e p o s itio n s that r e q u ir e
o p e ra tio n o f a m o to r v e h ic le as a s ig n ific a n t duty.

C la s s B . H an dles o r d e r s in v o lv in g ite m s w h ich h a ve r e a d ily id e n ­
t if ie d u ses and a p p lic a tio n s . M a y r e f e r to a c a ta lo g , m a n u fa c tu r e r 's m an u al,
o r s im ila r docum ent to in su re that p r o p e r ite m is su p p lied o r to v e r i f y
p r ic e o f o r d e r e d ite m .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p e r a te s a te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le u sed w ith a p r iv a t e
branch e xch a n g e (P B X ) s y s te m to r e la y in c o m in g , o u tgo in g , and in tr a s y s te m
c a lls . M a y p r o v id e in fo r m a tio n to c a lle r s , r e c o r d and tr a n s m it m e s s a g e s ,
k e ep r e c o r d o f c a lls p la c e d and t o ll c h a r g e s . B e s id e s o p e r a tin g a te le p h o n e
s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le , m a y a ls o typ e o r p e r fo r m rou tin e c l e r i c a l w o rk
(ty p in g o r ro u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y oc c u p y the m a jo r p o r tio n o f the w o r k e r 's
tim e , and is u s u a lly p e r fo r m e d w h ile at the s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le ). C h ie f
o r lea d o p e r a t o r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one o p e r a to r a re
exc lu d e d . F o r an o p e r a to r who a lso acts as a r e c e p tio n is t, s e e S w itc h b oa rd
O p e r a t o r - R e c e p t io n is t .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T
A t a s in g le - p o s it io n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le , acts both as
an o p e r a to r — s e e S w itc h b o a rd O p e r a t o r — and as a r e c e p tio n is t.
R ecep­
t io n is t's w o r k in v o lv e s such d u ties as g r e e tin g v is it o r s ; d e te r m in in g n ature
o f v i s i t o r 's b u s in e s s and p r o v id in g a p p ro p ria te in fo rm a tio n ; r e f e r r in g v is it o r
to a p p ro p ria te p e r s o n in the o r g a n iz a tio n o r c o n ta c tin g that p e rs o n by t e le ­
phone and a r ra n g in g an ap p oin tm en t; k e e p in g a lo g o f v is it o r s .
ORDER C LE R K
R e c e iv e s w r itte n o r v e r b a l c u s to m e r s ' p u rc h a s e o r d e r s f o r m a t e r ia l
o r m e r c h a n d is e fr o m c u s to m e r s o r s a le s p e o p le .
W o r k t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s
s o m e c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g d u tie s :
Q u o tin g p r ic e s ; d e te rm in in g
a v a ila b ility o f o r d e r e d ite m s and s u g g e s tin g s u b stitu tes w hen n e c e s s a r y ;
a d v is in g e x p e c te d d e l i v e r y d ate and m eth od o f d e liv e r y ; r e c o r d in g o r d e r and
c u s to m e r in fo r m a tio n on o r d e r s h e e ts ; c h e c k in g o r d e r sh e e ts f o r a c c u r a c y
and ad equ acy o f in fo r m a tio n r e c o r d e d ; a s c e r ta in in g c r e d it r a tin g o f c u s to m e r ;
fu rn is h in g c u s to m e r w ith a c k n o w le d g e m e n t o f r e c e ip t o f o r d e r ; fo llo w in g up
to s e e that o r d e r is d e liv e r e d b y the s p e c ifie d date o r to le t c u s to m e r know
o f a d e la y in d e l i v e r y ; m a in ta in in g o r d e r f ile ; c h e c k in g sh ip p in g in v o ic e
a g a in s t o r ig in a l o r d e r .
E x c lu d e w o r k e r s p aid on a c o m m is s io n b a s is o r w h o s e d u ties in­
clu d e any o f the fo llo w in g : R e c e iv in g o r d e r s f o r s e r v ic e s r a th e r than fo r
m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e ; p r o v id in g c u s to m e r s w ith c o n s u lta tiv e a d v ic e u sin g
k n o w le d g e g a in e d fr o m e n g in e e r in g o r e x te n s iv e te c h n ic a l tr a in in g ; em p h a­
s iz in g s e llin g s k ills ; han d lin g m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e as an in t e g r a l p a r t
o f the jo b .




A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K
P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e a ccou n tin g c l e r i c a l task s such as p o s tin g to
r e g is t e r s and le d g e r s ; r e c o n c ilin g bank accou n ts; v e r if y in g the in te r n a l con­
s is te n c y , c o m p le te n e s s , and m a th e m a tic a l a c c u r a c y o f accou n tin g d ocu m en ts;
a s s ig n in g p r e s c r ib e d accounting d is tr ib u tio n c o d e s ; e x a m in in g and v e r ify in g
f o r c le r i c a l a c c u ra c y v a rio u s typ es o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a lc u la tio n s , p o s tin g,
e tc .; o r p re p a r in g s im p le o r a s s is tin g in p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p lic a te d jo u rn a l
vou ch ers.
M a y w o rk in e ith e r a m an u a l o r au tom ated accou n tin g s y s te m .
T h e w o rk r e q u ir e s a k n o w le d g e o f c l e r i c a l m eth o d s and o f f i c e p r a c ­
tic e s and p ro c e d u re s w h ich r e la te s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s in g and r e c o r d in g
o f tra n s a c tio n s and accoun ting in fo r m a tio n .
W ith e x p e r ie n c e , the w o r k e r
ty p ic a lly b e co m e s f a m ilia r w ith the b o o k k e e p in g and accou n tin g te r m s and
p ro c e d u r e s used in the a s s ign e d w o rk , but is not r e q u ir e d to h ave a k n o w le d g e
o f the fo r m a l p r in c ip le s o f b oo k k eep in g and a c cou n tin g.
P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s :

a re c la s s ifie d

into

le v e ls

on

the b a s is o f

the

fo llo w in g

C la s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r f o r m s accou n tin g c l e r i c a l
o p e r a tio n s w h ich r e q u ir e the a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m e n t, fo r
e x a m p le , c le r ic a lly p r o c e s s in g c o m p lic a te d o r n o n r e p e titiv e accou n ting
tr a n s a c tio n s , s e le c tin g am ong a s u b s ta n tia l v a r ie t y o f p r e s c r ib e d accou n ting
c o d e s and c la s s ific a t io n s , o r tr a c in g tr a n s a c tio n s th rou gh p re v io u s a c ­
cou n ting actions to d e te r m in e s o u r c e o f d is c r e p a n c ie s . M a y be a s s is te d by
one o r m o r e c la s s B accoun ting c le r k s .
C la s s B . U n d er c lo s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s
and s ta n d a rd ize d p ro c e d u r e s , p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e ro u tin e accou n tin g c l e r ­
ic a l o p e r a tio n s , such as p ostin g to le d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o rk s h e e ts w h e r e
id e n tific a tio n o f ite m s and lo c a tio n s o f p o s tin g s a re c l e a r l y in d ic a te d ;
ch e c k in g a c c u ra c y and c o m p le te n e s s o f s ta n d a rd iz e d and r e p e t it iv e r e c o r d s
o r accou n ting d ocu m en ts; and c o d in g d oc u m e n ts u sin g a fe w p r e s c r ib e d
accou n tin g c od es.
B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s a b ookk eep in g m a c h in e (w ith o r w ith ou t a t y p e w r it e r k e y ­
b o a rd ) to k e ep a r e c o r d o f b u sin ess tr a n s a c tio n s .
C la s s A . K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n o w le d g e o f and
e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic b o o k k eep in g p r in c ip le s , and f a m i l ia r i t y w ith the s tru c tu re
o f the p a r tic u la r accoun ting s y s te m u s e d .
D e te r m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d is tr ib u tio n o f d e b it and c r e d it ite m s to be u s e d in each p h ase o f the w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n so lid a te d r e p o r ts , b a la n c e s h e e ts , and o th e r r e c o r d s by hand.

BOOKKEEPING -MACHINE O PERATOR— Continued

KEY E N TR Y OPERATOR— Continued

C la s s B .
K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e phases o r s e c tio n s o f a
s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly r e q u ir in g lit t le k n o w led ge of b a s ic b oo k k eep in g.
P h a s e s o r s e c tio n s in c lu d e a ccou n ts p a y a b le, p a y r o ll, c u s to m e r s ' accoun ts
(n o t in clu d in g a s im p le ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d under m ach in e b il l e r ) , c o s t
d is tr ib u tio n , e x p e n s e d is tr ib u tio n , in v e n to r y c o n tro l, e tc .
M a y ch e c k o r
a s s is t in p r e p a r a tio n o f t r i a l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n tro l s h eets fo r the
ac c o u n tin g d e p a rtm e n t.

N O T E : E x c lu d e d a r e o p e r a to r s ab o v e c la s s A using the key en try
c o n tro ls to a c c e s s , r e a d , and e v a lu a te the su b stance o f s p e c ific r e c o r d s to
tak e su b sta n tive a c tio n s , o r to m ak e e n tr ie s r e q u ir in g a s im ila r le v e l o f
k n o w led g e.
C la s s B.
W o rk is rou tin e and r e p e titiv e . U n d er c lo s e s u p e rv is io n
o r fo llo w in g s p e c ific p ro c e d u r e s o r d e ta ile d in s tr u c tio n s , w o rk s fr o m
v a r io u s s ta n d a rd ize d s o u r c e docum ents w h ich h ave b e en cod ed and r e q u ire
lit t le o r no s e le c tin g , c o d in g , o r in te r p r e tin g o f data to be e n tered . R e fe r s
to s u p e r v is o r p ro b le m s a r is in g fr o m e rro n e o u s ite m s , c o d e s , o r m is s in g
in fo rm a tio n .

M A C H IN E B I L L E R
P r e p a r e s s ta te m e n ts , b ills , and in v o ic e s on a m ach in e o th e r than
an o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a t ic t y p e w r it e r . M a y a ls o keep r e c o r d s as to b illin g s
o r sh ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th er c le r i c a l w o rk in c id e n ta l to b illin g
o p e r a tio n s .
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , m ach in e b ille r s a r e c la s s ifie d by
ty p e o f m a c h in e , as fo llo w s :

Professional and Technical

B illin g - m a c h in e b i l l e r . U s e s a s p e c ia l b illin g m ach in e (c o m b in a tio n
ty p in g and adding m a c h in e ) to p r e p a r e b ills and in v o ic e s f r o m c u s to m e r s '
p u rc h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , shipping m e m o ra n d a , etc.
U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a tio n o f p r e d e te r m in e d d iscou nts and shipping c h a rg e s
and e n tr y o f n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w h ich m a y o r m ay not be com p u ted on
the b illin g m a c h in e , and to ta ls w h ich a r e a u to m a tic a lly a c c u m u la te d by
m a c h in e .
T h e o p e r a tio n u s u a lly in v o lv e s a la r g e num ber of, c a rb o n c o p ie s
o f the b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d and is o fte n done on a fa n fo ld m ach in e.

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS
A n a ly z e s b u sin ess p ro b le m s to fo r m u la te p ro c e d u r e s fo r solvin g
th e m b y use o f e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g equ ip m en t. D e v e lo p s a c o m p lete
d e s c r ip tio n o f a ll s p e c ific a tio n s n eed ed to en ab le p r o g r a m m e r s to p re p a re
r e q u ir e d d ig it a l c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
A n a ly z e s s u b je c t-m a tte r o p e ra tio n s to be au tom ated and id e n tifie s conditions
and c r i t e r i a r e q u ir e d to a c h ie v e s a tis fa c to r y r e s u lt s ; s p e c ifie s num ber and
typ es o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and • d ocum ents to be used; ou tlin es a ction s to be
p e r fo r m e d by p e rs o n n e l and c o m p u te rs in s u ffic ie n t d e ta il fo r p re s e n ta tio n
to m a n a g em en t and fo r p ro g r a m m in g (t y p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p re p a ra tio n o f
w o r k and data flo w c h a r ts ); c o o rd in a te s the d e v e lo p m e n t o f te s t p ro b lem s and
p a r tic ip a te s in t r i a l runs o f new and r e v is e d s y s te m s ; and reco m m en d s
e q u ip m en t changes to ob tain m o r e e f fe c t iv e o v e r a l l o p e ra tio n s . (N O T E :
W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p ro g r a m m in g should be c l a s ­
s ifie d as s y s te m s a n a ly s ts i f th is is the s k ill u sed to d e te rm in e th e ir p a y .)

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e b ille r .
U ses a b ookk eep in g m ach in e (w ith o r
w ith ou t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a rd ) to p r e p a r e c u s to m e r s ' b ills as p a rt o f the
accou n ts r e c e iv a b le o p e r a tio n .
G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s the s im u ltan eo u s e n tr y
o f f i g u r e s on c u s to m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o rd .
The m ach in e a u to m a tic a lly
a c c u m u la te s fig u r e s on a n u m b er o f v e r t ic a l colum ns and com p u tes and
u s u a lly p rin ts a u t o m a tic a lly th e d e b it o r c r e d it b alan ces. D oes not in v o lv e a
k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o rk s fr o m u n ifo rm and stan dard ty p es o f s a le s
and c r e d it s lip s .

D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le fo r the m a n a g e ­
m en t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o th e r e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r s y s ­
te m s a n a ly s ts p r im a r ily c o n c e rn e d w ith s c ie n tific o r e n g in e e rin g p ro b lem s .

P A Y R O LL CLERK
P e r f o r m s th e c l e r i c a l task s n e c e s s a r y to p ro c e s s p a y r o lls and to
m a in ta in p a y r o ll r e c o r d s . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P r o c e s s in g
w o r k e r s ' t im e o r p ro d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; ad ju stin g w o r k e r s ' r e c o r d s f o r chan ges
in w a g e r a t e s , s u p p le m e n ta ry b e n e fits , o r ta x d edu ction s; e d itin g p a y r o ll
lis tin g s a g a in s t s o u r c e r e c o r d s ; tr a c in g and c o r r e c tin g e r r o r s in lis t in g s ;
and a s s is tin g in p r e p a r a tio n o f p e r io d ic s u m m a ry p a y r o ll r e p o r ts . In a nona u to m a te d p a y r o ll s y s te m , com p u tes w a g e s . W o rk m a y r e q u ir e a p r a c t ic a l
k n o w le d g e o f g o v e r n m e n t a l r e g u la tio n s , com p an y p a y r o ll p o lic y , o r the
c o m p u te r s y s te m f o r p r o c e s s in g p a y r o lls .

For

O p e ra te s k e y b o a r d - c o n t r o lle d data e n tr y d e v ic e such as keypunch
m a c h in e o r k e y - o p e r a t e d m a g n e tic tape o r d isk e n c o d e r to t r a n s c r ib e
data in to a f o r m s u ita b le f o r c o m p u te r p r o c e s s in g . W o rk r e q u ir e s s k ill in
o p e r a tin g an a lp h a n u m e ric k e y b o a rd and an u n derstandin g o f tr a n s c r ib in g
p r o c e d u r e s and r e le v a n t data e n tr y equipm ent.
are

c la s s if ie d into

le v e ls

on the

p u rp o s e s ,

s y s te m s

M a y p r o v id e fu n ctio n a l d ir e c tio n
w ho a r e a s s ig n e d to a s s is t.

b a s is o f the fo llo w in g

a n a ly s ts

are

c la s s ifie d

as

to lo w e r l e v e l s ys te m s an alysts

C la s s B.
W o rk s in d ep en d en tly or under on ly g e n e r a l d ire c tio n on
p ro b le m s that a r e r e la t iv e ly u n c o m p lic a te d to a n a ly z e , p lan, p r o g r a m , and
o p e r a te . P r o b le m s a r e o f lim it e d c o m p le x ity b e ca u s e s o u rc e s o f input data
a r e h om o gen eo u s and the output data a r e c lo s e ly r e la te d .
( F o r e x a m p le ,

C la s s A . W o rk s r e q u ir e s the a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m e n t
in s e le c tin g p r o c e d u r e s to be fo llo w e d and in s e a rc h in g f o r , in t e r p r e tin g ,
s e le c t in g , o r c o d in g ite m s to be e n te r e d f r o m a v a r ie t y o f s o u r c e d ocu m en ts.
On o c c a s io n m a y a ls o p e r f o r m rou tin e w o rk as d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s B.




study

C la s s A .
W o rk s in d e p en d en tly o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
c o m p le x p ro b le m s in v o lv in g a ll phases o f s y s te m s a n a ly s is .
P r o b le m s a r e
c o m p le x b e ca u s e o f d iv e r s e s o u rc e s o f input data and m u ltip le -u s e r e q u ir e ­
m en ts o f output data.
(F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in te g r a te d p rod u ction
s c h e d u lin g , in v e n to r y c o n tr o l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in
w h ich e v e r y ite m o f each typ e is a u to m a tic a lly p r o c e s s e d through the fu ll
s y s te m o f r e c o r d s and a p p ro p ria te fo llo w u p a c tio n s a r e in itia te d by the
c o m p u te r .) C o n fe rs w ith p e rs o n s c o n c e rn e d to d e te r m in e the data p ro c e s s in g
p ro b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c t-m a tte r p e rs o n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s o f new
o r r e v is e d s y s te m s o f data p r o c e s s in g o p e r a tio n s . M ak es rec o m m e n d a tio n s ,
i f n e e d e d , f o r a p p ro v a l o f m a jo r s y s te m s in s ta lla tio n s o r changes and fo r
ob ta in in g equipm en t.

KEY ENTRY O PERATO R

P o s itio n s
d e fin it io n s :

w age

f o llo w s :

35

COMPUTER SYSTEMS A N A LYS T, BUSINESS— Continued

COMPUTER PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS— Continued

d e v e lo p s s y s te m s f o r m a in ta in in g d e p o s ito r accounts in a bank, m a in ta in in g
accounts r e c e iv a b le in a r e t a il e s ta b lis h m en t, o r m a in ta in in g in v e n to ry
accounts in a m a n u fa c tu rin g o r w h o le s a le e s ta b lis h m e n t.) C o n fe r s w ith p e r ­
sons c o n c e rn e d to d e te r m in e the data p r o c e s s in g p ro b le m s and a d v is e s
s u b je c t- m a tte r p e rs o n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s o f the d ata p r o c e s s in g s ys te m s
to be a p p lied .
OR
W o rk s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p le x d ata p r o c e s s in g sc h e m e o r
s y s te m , as d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A . W o rk s in d ep en d en tly on rou tin e a s s ig n ­
m en ts and r e c e iv e s in s tru c tio n and guidance on c o m p le x a s s ig n m e n ts . W o rk
is r e v ie w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d gm en t, c o m p lia n c e w ith in s tru c tio n s , and to
in s u re p r o p e r a lig n m e n t w ith the o v e r a ll s y s te m .
C la s s C . W o rk s under im m e d ia te s u p e rv is io n , c a r r y in g out an aly­
ses as a s s ig n e d , u s u a lly o f a s in g le a c tiv ity . A s s ig n m e n ts a re d e s ig n e d to
d e v e lo p and expand p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e in the a p p lic a tio n o f p r o c e d u r e s and
s k ills r e q u ir e d fo r s y s te m s a n a ly s is w o r k . F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s is t a h ig h e r
le v e l s y s te m s a n a lys t by p r e p a r in g the d e ta ile d s p e c ific a tio n s r e q u ir e d by
p r o g r a m m e r s fr o m
in fo rm a tio n d e v e lo p e d by the h ig h e r l e v e l a n a lys t.
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B U SIN E S S
C o n v e r ts s ta te m e n ts o f b u sin ess p r o b le m s , ty p ic a lly p r e p a r e d b y a
s y s te m s a n a lys t, into a sequ en ce o f d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s w h ich a re r e q u ire d
to s o lv e the p ro b le m s by a u tom atic data p r o c e s s in g e qu ip m en t. W o rk in g fr o m
ch a rts o r d ia g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s the p r e c is e in s tru c tio n s w h ich ,
when e n te r e d into the c o m p u te r s y s te m in cod ed la n gu a ge, cau se the m an ip u ­
la tio n o f d ata to a c h ie v e d e s ir e d r e s u lt s . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the
fo llo w in g : A p p lie s k n o w le d g e o f c om p u te r c a p a b ilitie s , m a th e m a tic s , lo g ic
e m p lo y e d by c o m p u te rs , and p a r tic u la r s u b je ct m a tte r in v o lv e d to a n a lyze
ch arts and d ia g r a m s o f the p r o b le m to be p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s s equ en ce o f
p r o g r a m s te p s; w r it e s d e ta ile d flo w ch a rts to show o r d e r in w h ich d ata w ill
be p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r ts th es e c h a rts to cod ed in s tru c tio n s f o r m a c h in e to
fo llo w ; te s ts and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s tru c tio n s fo r o p e r a tin g
p e rs o n n e l d u rin g p ro d u c tio n run; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lte r s p r o g r a m s to
in c r e a s e o p e r a tin g e ffic ie n c y o r adapt to new r e q u ir e m e n ts ; m a in ta in s r e ­
c o rd s o f p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t and r e v is io n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g
both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g should be c la s s ifie d as s y s te m s
an alysts i f this is the s k ill used to d e te r m in e th e ir p a y .)
D o e s not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le fo r the m a n a g e ­
m en t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o th e r e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o ­
g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e rn e d w ith s c ie n t ific and/or e n g in e e rin g p r o b le m s .
F o r w a g e study p u rp o s e s , p r o g r a m m e r s

a re c la s s ifie d

as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W o rk s in d ep en d en tly o r u n der on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
c o m p le x p ro b le m s w h ich r e q u ir e c o m p e te n c e in a ll p h ases o f p r o g r a m m in g
con cep ts and p r a c t ic e s .
W o rk in g fr o m d ia g ra m s and c h a rts w h ich id e n tify
the n atu re o f d e s ir e d r e s u lt s , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g step s to be a c c o m p lis h e d ,
and the re la tio n s h ip s b e tw e e n v a r io u s step s o f the p ro b le m s o lv in g ro u tin e ;
plans the fu ll ra n g e o f p r o g r a m m in g a ction s need ed to e f fic ie n t ly u t iliz e the
c om p u te r s y s te m in a c h ie v in g d e s ir e d end p ro d u c ts .




A t this le v e l, p ro g r a m m in g is d iffic u lt b e ca u s e c o m p u te r equ ip m en t
m ust be o r g a n iz e d to prod u ce s e v e r a l in t e r r e la t e d but d iv e r s e p rod u cts f r o m
nu m erous and d iv e r s e data e le m e n ts , A w id e v a r i e t y and e x te n s iv e nu m ber
o f in te r n a l p ro c e s s in g action s m u st o c c u r.
T h is r e q u ir e s such a c tio n s as
d e ve lo p m e n t o f com m o n o p e ra tio n s w h ich can be re u s e d , e s ta b lis h m e n t o f
lin k a g e points b etw een o p e ra tio n s , ad ju s tm e n ts to data w h en p r o g r a m r e ­
q u ire m e n ts e x c e e d com p u ter s to r a g e c a p a c ity , and s u b stan tial m a n ip u lation
and re s e q u e n cin g o f data e le m e n ts to f o r m a h ig h ly in te g r a te d p ro g r a m .
M ay p r o v id e fu n ction al d ir e c t io n to lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s who
a r e a s s ig n e d to a s s is t.
C lass B . W ork s in d e p en d en tly o r u n der o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
r e la t iv e ly s im p le p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le s e g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n ts ) u s u a lly p r o c e s s in fo r m a tio n to p ro d u c e data in tw o
o r th re e v a r ie d sequ en ces o r fo r m a ts . R e p o r ts and lis tin g s a r e p ro d u c ed by
r e fin in g , adapting, a r r a y in g , o r m ak in g m in o r a d d ition s to o r d e le tio n s f r o m
input data which a r e r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W h ile nu m erous r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the data have b een r e fin e d in p r i o r a c tio n s so that the a c c u r a c y
and sequ encing o f data can be te s te d b y u sin g a fe w rou tin e ch eck s.
T y p ic a lly , the p r o g r a m d e a l s
w ith ro u tin e r e c o r d k e e p in g o p e ra tio n s .
OR
W o rk s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A ) u n der c lo s e
d ir e c tio n o f a h ig h e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r . M a y a s s is t h ig h e r
l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r by in d ep en d en tly p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d ,
and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt task s u n der f a i r l y c lo s e d ir e c tio n .
M a y guide o r in s tru c t lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C lass C . M akes p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t ic e s
and con cep ts u su ally le a r n e d in fo r m a l tr a in in g c o u r s e s . A s s ig n m e n ts a r e
d e sig n e d to d e v e lo p c om p eten ce in the a p p lic a tio n o f stan d a rd p ro c e d u r e s to
rou tin e p ro b le m s .
R e c e iv e s c lo s e s u p e r v is io n on new a s p e c ts o f a s s ig n ­
m en ts ; and w o rk is r e v ie w e d to v e r i f y its a c c u r a c y and c o n fo rm a n c e w ith
r e q u ir e d p ro c e d u re s .
C O M PU TER O PERATO R
In a c c o rd a n c e w ith o p e ra tin g in s tr u c tio n s , m o n ito r s and o p e r a te s
the c o n tro l co n so le o f a d ig ita l c o m p u te r to p r o c e s s data. E xe c u te s runs by
e ith e r s e r ia l p ro c e s s in g (p r o c e s s e s one p r o g r a m at a t im e ) o r m u lt i­
p r o c e s s in g (p r o c e s s e s tw o or m o r e p r o g r a m s s im u lta n e o u s ly ). T h e fo llo w in g
du ties c h a r a c te r iz e the w o rk o f a c o m p u te r o p e r a to r :
- Studies
needed.

o p e ra tin g

- Loa d s equipm en t
p ap er, e tc .).

in s tru c tio n s
with

to

r e q u ir e d

d e te r m in e
ite m s

e qu ip m en t

(ta p e s ,

cards,

setup
d is k s ,

- Sw itch es n e c e s s a r y a u x illia r y e q u ip m en t in to s y s te m .
- Starts and o p e ra te s c o m p u te r.
- R esponds to o p e ra tin g and c o m p u te r output in s tru c tio n s .
- R e v ie w s e r r o r m e s s a g e s and m a k e s c o r r e c t io n s d u rin g o p e r a tio n
o r r e f e r s p ro b le m s .
- M aintains o p e ra tin g r e c o r d .

COMPUTER OPERATOR— Continued

PE R IPH E R A L EQUIPMENT OPERATOR— Continued

M a y t e s t - r u n n ew o r m o d ifie d p r o g r a m s . M ay a s s is t in m o d ify in g
s y s te m s o r p r o g r a m s . T h e s c o p e o f th is d e fin itio n in clu des tr a in e e s w o rk in g
to b e c o m e f u lly q u a lifie d c o m p u te r o p e r a to r s , fu lly q u a lifie d co m p u te r
o p e r a t o r s , and le a d o p e r a to r s p ro v id in g te c h n ic a l a s s is ta n c e to lo w e r le v e l
o p e r a to r s . It e x c lu d e s w o r k e r s w ho m o n ito r and op e ra te r e m o te te r m in a ls .
C la s s A . In a d d itio n to w o rk a s s ign m e n ts d e s c r ib e d fo r a c la s s B
o p e r a to r (s e e b e lo w ) the w o r k o f a c la s s A o p e r a to r in v o lv e s at le a s t one
o f th e fo llo w in g :
-

D e v ia te s f r o m s ta n d a rd p ro c e d u r e s to avoid th e lo s s o f in f o r ­
m a tio n o r to c o n s e r v e com p u ter tim e even though the p ro c e d u r e s
a p p lie d m a t e r i a lly a lt e r the com p u ter u n it's p ro d u c tio n p lan s.

- T e s t s n e w p r o g r a m s , a p p lic a tio n s , and p ro c e d u r e s .
- A d v is e s p r o g r a m m e r s
te c h n iq u e s .

and

s u b je c t-m a tte r

e x p e rts

on

setup

- A s s is t s in (1 ) m a in ta in in g , m o d ify in g ,- and d e v e lo p in g o p e r a tin g
s y s te m s o r p r o g r a m s ; (2 ) d e v e lo p in g o p e ra tin g in s tru c tio n s and
te c h n iq u e s to c o v e r p r o b le m situ a tion s; and/o,r (3 ) sw itc h in g to
e m e r g e n c y b ackup p r o c e d u r e s (such a s s is ta n c e r e q u ir e s a w o rk in g
k n o w le d g e o f p r o g r a m la n gu a ge , com p u ter fe a tu r e s , and s o ftw a re
s y s t e m s ).
An

o p e r a to r

a t th is l e v e l

ty p ic a lly guides

lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a to r s .

C la s s B . In a d d itio n to e s ta b lis h e d p ro d u ction ru n s, w o rk a s s ig n ­
m en ts in c lu d e runs in v o lv in g n ew p r o g r a m s , a p p lic a tio n s , and p ro c e d u r e s
( i . e . , s itu a tio n s w h ich r e q u ir e th e o p e r a to r to adapt to a v a r ie t y o f p r o b le m s ).
A t th is l e v e l , the o p e r a to r has the tr a in in g and e x p e rie n c e to w o rk f a i r l y
in d e p e n d e n tly in c a r r y in g out m o s t a s s ig n m e n ts . A s s ig n m e n ts m a y r e q u ir e
the o p e r a to r to s e le c t f r o m a v a r ie t y o f standard setup and o p e ra tin g
p ro ced u res.
In res p o n d in g to c o m p u te r output in s tru c tio n s o r e r r o r c o n ­
d itio n s , a p p lie s s tan d a rd o p e r a tin g o r c o r r e c t iv e p ro c e d u r e s , but m a y
d e v ia te f r o m sta n d a rd p r o c e d u r e s when stan dard p ro c e d u re s fa il i f d e v ia tio n
d oes not m a t e r ia lly a lt e r th e c o m p u te r u n it's p ro d u ction plans.
R e fe r s the
p r o b le m o r a b o r ts the p r o g r a m w hen p ro c e d u r e s ap p lie d do not p r o v id e a
s olu tion . M a y g u id e lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a to r s .
C la s s C .
W o r k a s s ig n m e n ts a r e lim ite d to e s ta b lis h e d p ro d u c tio n
runs ( i . e . , p r o g r a m s w h ich p r e s e n t fe w o p e ra tin g p r o b le m s ). A s s ig n m e n ts
m a y c o n s is t p r i m a r i l y o f o n -th e -jo b tra in in g (s o m e tim e s a rg u m e n ted by
c la s s r o o m in s tr u c tio n ). W h en le a r n in g to run p r o g r a m s , the s u p e r v is o r o r a
h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a to r p r o v id e s d e ta ile d w r itte n o r o r a l gu id ance to the
o p e r a to r b e fo r e and d u rin g th e run. A f t e r the o p e ra to r has ga in ed e x p e r ie n c e
w ith a p r o g r a m , h o w e v e r , th e o p e r a to r w o rk s f a ir ly in d ep en d en tly in
a p p ly in g stan d a rd o p e r a tin g o r c o r r e c t iv e p ro c e d u re s in res p o n d in g to
c o m p u te r output in s tr u c tio n s o r e r r o r co n d itio n s , but r e f e r s p ro b le m s to a
h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a to r o r th e s u p e r v is o r when stan dard p r o c e d u r e s fa il.
P E R I P H E R A L E Q U IP M E N T O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s p e r ip h e r a l equ ip m en t w h ich d i r e c t l y su p p orts d ig it a l
c o m p u te r o p e r a tio n s . Such e q u ip m en t is un iqu ely and s p e c if ic a lly d e s ig n e d
f o r c o m p u te r a p p lic a tio n s , but need not be p h y s ic a lly o r e le c t r o n ic a lly
c o n n e c te d to a c o m p u te r.
P r in t e r s , p lo tt e r s , c a rd rea d / p u n c h e s , tap e
r e a d e r s , tape u n its o r d r iv e s , d is k units o r d r iv e s , and data d is p la y units
a r e e x a m p le s o f su ch equ ip m en t.




T h e fo llo w in g du ties c h a r a c t e r iz e the w o rk o f a p e r ip h e r a l equipm en t
o p e r a to r :
- L o a d in g p r in te r s and p lo tte r s w ith c o r r e c t p a p er; ad ju stin g
c o n tro ls f o r fo r m s , th ic k n e s s , te n s io n , p rin tin g d e n sity, and
lo c a tio n ; and u n loading h a rd copy.
- L a b e llin g tap e r e e l s , d is k s , o r c a r d d eck s.
- C h eck in g la b e ls and m ounting and d ism ou n tin g
r e e ls o r d isks on s p e c ifie d units o r d r iv e s .

d esig n a ted tape

- S ettin g c o n tro ls w h ich re g u la te o p e r a tio n o f the equipm ent.
- O b s e r v in g p an el lig h ts fo r
tak in g a p p ro p ria te a ctio n .

w a rn in g s

and

e r r o r in d ication s and

- E x a m in in g ta p e s , c a r d s , or o th e r m a t e r ia l f o r c r e a s e s ,
o r o th e r d e fe c ts w h ich cou ld cau se p r o c e s s in g p ro b le m s .

tea rs,

T h is c la s s ific a t io n e x c lu d e s w o r k e r s (1 ) who m o n ito r and o p e ra te a
c o n tr o l c o n s o le (s e e c o m p u te r o p e r a to r ) o r a r e m o te t e r m in a l, o r (2 ) w h ose
du ties a r e lim ite d to o p e ra tin g d e c o lla t e r s , b u r s t e r s , s e p a r a t o r s , o r s im ila r
equ ip m en t.
C O M P U T E R D A T A L IB R A R IA N
M ain tain s l i b r a r y o f m e d ia (ta p e s , d is k s , c a r d s , c a s s e tte s ) u sed
fo r a u to m a tic data p r o c e s s in g a p p lic a tio n s . T h e fo llo w in g o r s im ila r duties
c h a r a c t e r iz e the w o r k o f a c o m p u te r data lib r a r ia n : C la s s ify in g , c a ta lo g in g ,
and s to r in g m e d ia in a c c o r d a n c e w ith a s ta n d a rd ize d s y s te m ; upon p ro p e r
r e q u e s t s , r e le a s in g m e d ia f o r p r o c e s s in g ; m ain ta in in g r e c o r d s o f r e le a s e s
and r e tu rn s ; in s p e c tin g r e tu rn e d m ed ia fo r d am age o r e x c e s s iv e w e a r to
d e te r m in e w h eth e r o r not th ey need r e p la c in g . M a y p e r f o r m m in o r r e p a ir s
to d a m a ge d ta p es.

D RAFTER
C la s s A .
P la n s th e g ra p h ic p re s e n ta tio n o f c o m p le x ite m s having
d is tin c tiv e d e s ig n fe a tu r e s that d if fe r s ig n ific a n tly f r o m e s ta b lis h e d d ra ftin g
p re c e d e n ts .
W o rk s in c lo s e su p p ort w ith the d e s ig n o r ig in a to r , and m ay
re c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n ch an ges. A n a ly z e s the e ffe c t o f each change on the
d e ta ils o f f o r m , fu n ctio n , and p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s o f com ponents and
p a rts . W o rk s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is ta n c e .
C o m p le te d w o rk
is r e v ie w e d by d e s ig n o r ig in a to r fo r c o n s is te n c y w ith p r io r e n g in e e rin g
d e te rm in a tio n s . M a y e ith e r p r e p a r e d ra w in g s o r d ir e c t th e ir p re p a r a tio n by
lo w e r l e v e l d r a ft e r s .
C la s s B.
P e r f o r m s non rou tin e and c o m p le x d ra ftin g a s s ign m e n ts
that r e q u ir e the a p p lic a tio n o f m o s t o f the s ta n d a rd ize d d ra w in g tech n iqu es
r e g u la r ly used.
D u ties t y p ic a lly in v o lv e such w o rk a s :
P r e p a r e s w o rk in g
d ra w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith i r r e g u l a r sh ap es, m u ltip le fu n ctio n s, and
p r e c is e p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s b e tw e e n c om p on en ts; p r e p a r e s a r c h ite c tu r a l
d ra w in g s fo r c o n s tru c tio n o f a b u ild in g in clu d in g d e ta il d ra w in g s o f fou n ­
d a tio n s , w a ll s e c tio n s , f lo o r p la n s, and r o o f.
U s e s a c c e p te d fo r m u la s
and m anu als in m ak in g n e c e s s a r y com p u tation s to d e te r m in e q u a n tities o f
m a t e r ia ls to be u s e d , lo a d c a p a c itie s , s tre n g th s , s t r e s s e s , etc.
R e c e iv e s
in it ia l in s tr u c tio n s , r e q u ir e m e n ts , and a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le te d
w o r k is c h e c k e d f o r te c h n ic a l ad equ acy.

DRAFTER— Continued

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN— Continued

C la s s C . P r e p a r e s d e ta il d ra w in g s o f s in g le units o r p a rts fo r
e n g in e e rin g , c o n s tru c tio n , m a n u fa c tu rin g, o r r e p a ir p u rp o s e s .
Types of
d ra w in g s p re p a r e d in clu d e is o m e t r ic p r o je c tio n s (d e p ic tin g th re e d im e n sio n s
in a c c u ra te s c a le ; and s e c tio n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s itio n in g o f com ponen ts
and c o n v e y need ed in fo rm a tio n .
C o n s o lid a te s d e ta ils fr o m a nu m ber o f
s o u rc e s and adjusts o r tra n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ir e d . S u ggested m eth od s o f
ap p roach , a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n ts , and a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r ia ls a re g iv e n
w ith in itia l a s s ig n m e n ts . In s tru c tio n s a re le s s c o m p le te w hen assign m en ts
recu r.
W o r k m a y be s p o t-c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

W o rk m a y be r e v ie w e d by s u p e r v is o r (fr e q u e n tly an e n g in e e r o r
d e s ig n e r ) fo r g e n e ra l c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p ted p r a c t ic e s .
M a y p ro v id e
te c h n ic a l guidance to lo w e r le v e l te c h n ic ia n s .

D R A F T E R -T R A C E R

C la s s B . A p p lie s c o m p re h e n s iv e te c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e c o m ­
p le x p ro b le m s (i. e ., th ose that t y p ic a lly can be s o lv e d s o le ly b y p r o p e r ly
in te r p re tin g m a n u fa c tu re rs ' m anuals o r s i m ila r d ocu m en ts) in w o rk in g on
e le c t r o n ic equipm en t. W o rk in v o lv e s : A f a m i l ia r i t y w ith the in t e r r e la t io n ­
ships o f c ir c u it s ; and ju d gm en t in d e te r m in in g w o r k sequ en ce and in s e le c tin g
to o ls and te stin g in stru m en ts, u s u a lly le s s c o m p le x than th ose u sed by the
c la s s A tech n icia n .

C o p ie s
cloth o r p a p e r
include tr a c in g
la r g e s c a le not

R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l gu idance, as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r
le v e l tech n icia n , and w o rk is r e v ie w e d f o r s p e c ific c o m p lia n c e w ith a ccep ted
p r a c t ic e s and w o rk as s ign m e n ts .
M a y p r o v id e te c h n ic a l gu id an ce to lo w e r
le v e l te c h n icia n s .

plans and d ra w in g s p re p a r e d b y o th e rs b y p la c in g tr a c in g
o v e r d ra w in g s and tr a c in g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
(D o e s not
lim it e d to plans p r im a r ily c o n s is tin g o f s tr a ig h t lin e s and a
r e q u ir in g c lo s e d e lin e a tio n .)
AND/OR

P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e t it iv e d ra w in g s o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d
W o rk is c lo s e ly s u p e r v is e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

C la s s C . A p p lie s w o rk in g te c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to p e r fo r m s im p le o r
rou tin e tasks in w o rk in g on e le c t r o n ic equ ip m en t, fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tr u c ­
tion s w h ich c o v e r v ir t u a lly a ll p r o c e d u r e s .
W o r k ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s such
task s as: A s s is tin g h ig h e r le v e l te c h n ic ia n s b y p e r fo r m in g such a c tiv itie s as
r e p la c in g com ponents, w ir in g c ir c u it s , and tak in g te s t r e a d in g s ; r e p a ir in g
s im p le e le c t r o n ic equipm en t; and u sin g to o ls and co m m o n te s t in stru m en ts
(e .g ., m u ltim e t e r s , audio sign a l g e n e r a t o r s , tube t e s t e r s , o s c illo s c o p e s ).
Is not r e q u ire d to be fa m ilia r w ith the in t e r r e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s . T h is
k n o w le d g e , h o w e v e r, m a y be a c q u ire d th rou gh a s s ig n m e n ts d e sig n e d to
in c r e a s e c om p eten ce (in clu d in g c la s s r o o m tr a in in g ) so that w o r k e r can
advance to h ig h e r le v e l tech n icia n .

ite m s .

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N
W o rk s on v a r io u s typ es o f e le c t r o n ic eq u ip m en t and r e la te d d e v ic e s
by p e r fo r m in g one o r a c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : In s ta llin g , m a in ta in in g ,
r e p a ir in g , o v e r h a u lin g , tro u b le s h o o tin g , m o d ify in g , c o n s tru c tin g , and te s tin g .
W o rk r e q u ir e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n o f te c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e o f e le c t r o n ic s
p r in c ip le s , a b ility to d e te r m in e m a lfu n c tio n s , and s k ill to put equ ip m en t in
r e q u ir e d o p e r a tin g co n d itio n .

R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l guidance, as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r
le v e l tec h n icia n . W o rk is ty p ic a lly s p ot c h eck ed , but is g iv e n d e ta ile d r e v ie w
when new o r advanced assign m en ts a re in v o lv e d .

T h e e q u ip m en t— c o n s is tin g o f e ith e r m a n y d iffe r e n t kinds o f c irc u its
o r m u ltip le r e p e titio n o f the sam e kind o f c ir c u it— in c lu d e s , but is not lim ite d
to, the fo llo w in g : (a ) E le c t r o n ic tr a n s m ittin g and r e c e iv in g equ ip m en t (e .g .,
r a d a r, r a d io , t e le v is io n , te le p h o n e , s o n a r, n a v ig a tio n a l a id s ), (b ) d ig it a l and
analog c o m p u te rs , and (c ) in d u s tria l and m e d ic a l m e a s u rin g and c o n tro llin g
equ ip m en t.

R E G IS T E R E D IN D U S T R IA L N U R SE
A r e g is te r e d nu rse who g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v i c e u n der g e n e r a l m e d ic a l
d ir e c tio n to i l l o r in ju re d e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e rs o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r
s u ffe r an accid en t on the p r e m is e s o f a fa c t o r y o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
D u ties in v o lv e a com b in atio n o f the fo llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t aid to the i l l o r
in ju red ; attending to subsequent d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k e ep in g
r e c o r d s o f p atients tr e a te d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r ts f o r c o m p en s a tio n o r
o th e r p u rp o s es ; a s s is tin g in p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s and h ealth e v a lu a tio n s o f
ap p lican ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and plann ing and c a r r y in g out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g
h ealth education , a c c id en t p re v e n tio n , e v a lu a tio n o f plant e n v iro n m e n t, o r
o th e r a c tiv itie s a ffe c tin g the h ealth , w e l f a r e , and s a fe ty o f a ll p e rs o n n e l.
N u rs in g s u p e r v is o r s o r head n u rs e s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than
one n u rse are exclu d ed .

T h is c la s s ific a t io n e x c lu d e s r e p a ir e r s o f such stan d a rd e le c t r o n ic
e q u ip m en t as co m m o n o f f ic e m a c h in e s and hou seh old ra d io and t e le v is io n
sets; p ro d u c tio n a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y duty is
s e r v ic in g e le c t r o n ic te s t in s tru m e n ts ; te c h n icia n s who h a ve a d m in is tr a tiv e
o r s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y ; and d r a ft e r s , d e s ig n e r s ,
and p r o fe s s io n a l
e n g in e e r s .
P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s .

a r e c la s s ifie d

into

le v e ls on

the b a s is o f

the

fo llo w in g

C la s s A . A p p lie s ad van ced te c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e u n u su ally
c o m p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e . , th o s e th at ty p ic a lly cann ot be s o lv e d s o le ly b y r e f e r ­
ence to m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m an u a ls o r s im ila r d o c u m e n ts ) in w o rk in g on e le c ­
tr o n ic eq u ip m en t. E x a m p le s o f such p r o b le m s in clu d e lo c a tio n and d e n s ity o f
c ir c u it r y , e le c t r o m a g n e tic r a d ia tio n , is o la tin g m a lfu n c tio n s , and fre q u e n t
e n g in e e rin g c h a n ges. W o r k in v o lv e s ; A d e ta ile d u n d erstan d in g o f the in t e r ­
r e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s ; e x e r c is in g in d ep en d en t ju d g m e n t in p e r fo r m in g such
tasks as m a k in g c ir c u it a n a ly s e s , c a lc u la tin g w a v e fo r m s , tr a c in g r e la tio n ­
ships in s ig n a l flo w ; and r e g u la r ly u sin g c o m p le x te s t in s tru m e n ts (e . g . , dual
t r a c e o s c illo s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia tio n m e t e r s , p u ls e g e n e r a t o r s ).




Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant
M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R
P e r f o r m s the c a r p e n try d u tie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s tru c t and m a in ta in
in good r e p a ir build in g w o o d w o rk and e q u ip m en t such as bins,- c rib s , c o u n te rs ,
b e n c h e s , p a r titio n s , d o o rs , f lo o r s , s t a ir s , c a s in g s , and t r im m a d e o f w o od
in an e s ta b lis h m en t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P la n n in g and

38

M AINTENANCE C ARPENTER— Continued

M AINTENANCE MECHANIC (Machinery)— Continued

la y in g ou t o f w o r k fr o m b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tru c tio n s ;
u sing a v a r ie t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d tools, p o rta b le p ow er to o ls , and standard
m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; m a k in g stan dard shop com putations r e la tin g to d i­
m e n s io n s o f w o rk ; and s e le c tin g m a te r ia ls n e c e s s a ry fo r the w o rk .
In
g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e c a rp e n te r r e q u ire s rounded tra in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d through a f o r m a l
a p p re n tic es h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

ob ta in ed fr o m s to c k ; o r d e r in g the p ro d u c tio n o f a re p la c e m e n t p a rt by a
m a c h in e shop o r send ing the m a c h in e to a m a c h in e shop f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s ;
p r e p a r in g w r itte n s p e c ific a tio n s f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r f o r the p ro d u ction o f
p a rts o r d e r e d fr o m m a c h in e shops; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m ak in g a ll
n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm en ts f o r o p e r a tio n . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f a m a c h in e r y
m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally
a c q u ire d th rough a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i­
e n c e . E x c lu d e d fr o m th is c la s s ific a t io n a re w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y duties
in v o lv e s e ttin g up o r a d ju stin g m a c h in e s .

M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N
P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic a l tra d e functions such as the in s ta l­
la tio n , m a in te n a n c e , o r r e p a ir o f equipm en t fo r the g en e ra tio n , d is trib u tio n ,
o r u tiliz a tio n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s ta b lis h m en t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t
o f the fo llo w in g ; In s ta llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic a l equipm en t such as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s fo r m e r s , s w itch b o a rd s, c o n t r o lle r s , c ir c u it
b r e a k e r s , m o to r s , h ea tin g u n its, conduit s y s te m s , o r o th e r tr a n s m is s io n
equ ip m en t; w o rk in g f r o m b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s , layou ts, o r o th e r s p e c ifi­
c a tio n s ; lo c a tin g and d ia g n o s in g tro u b le in the e le c t r ic a l s y s te m o r equip­
m en t; w o rk in g stan d a rd c o m p u tatio n s r e la tin g to load r e q u ire m e n ts o f w ir in g
o r e l e c t r i c a l equ ip m en t; and u sin g a v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic ia n 's handtools and
m e a s u rin g and te s tin g in s tru m e n ts . In g e n e ra l, the w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce
e le c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s rounded tr a in in g and e x p e rie n c e u su ally a c q u ire d through
a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E P A I N T E R
P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w o o d w o rk , and fix tu re s o f an e s ta b ­
lis h m e n t. W o r k in v o lv e s the fo llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r fa c e p e c u lia r it ie s
and ty p es o f pain t r e q u ir e d f o r d iffe r e n t a p p lication s; p re p a r in g s u rfa c e
f o r p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r by p la cin g putty o r f i l l e r in nail
h o le s and in t e r s t ic e s ; and ap p lyin g paint with s p ra y gun o r bru sh .
M ay
m ix c o lo r s , o ils , w h ite le a d , and o th e r paint in g red ie n ts to obtain p ro p e r
c o lo r o r c o n s is te n c y .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in ten an ce p a in ter
r e q u ir e s rounded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally acqu ired through a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .
M A I N T E N A N C E M A C H IN IS T
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a rts and new p a rts in m ak in g r e p a ir s o f
m e t a l p a r ts o f m e c h a n ic a l equ ip m en t o p e ra te d in an e s ta b lis h m en t.
W o rk
in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In te r p r e tin g w r itte n in stru ctio n s and s p e c i­
fic a tio n s ; plan n in g and la y in g out o f w o rk ; using a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in is t's
h andtools and p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in stru m en ts; settin g up and o p e ra tin g
stan d a rd m a c h in e to o ls ; shap in g o f m e ta l p a rts to c lo s e to le r a n c e s ; m ak in g
stan d a rd shop c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to d im en sio n s o f w o rk , to o lin g , fe e d s ,
and sp ee d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f the w o rk in g p r o p e r tie s o f the com m on
m e t a ls ; s e le c tin g s tan d a rd m a t e r ia ls , p a rts , and equipm ent r e q u ir e d fo r this
w o rk ; and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a rts into m e c h a n ic a l equ ip m en t.
In
g e n e r a l, the m a c h in is t's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rounded tra in in g in
m a c h in e -s h o p p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ire d through a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M o to r v e h ic le )
R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u ses, m o to r tr u c k s , and tr a c to r s o f an e s ta b ­
lis h m e n t. W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g au tom otive equip­
m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g equ ip m en t and p e r fo r m in g
r e p a ir s that in v o lv e the u se o f such h and tools as w r e n c h e s , gau ges, d r ills ,
o r s p e c ia liz e d equ ip m en t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a r ts ; r e p la c in g brok en
o r d e fe c t iv e p a rts f r o m s to c k ; g rin d in g and ad ju stin g v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g
and in s ta llin g the v a r io u s a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le and m ak in g n e c e s s a r y
ad ju s tm e n ts ; and alig n in g w h e e ls , ad ju stin g b ra k e s and lig h ts , o r tigh ten in g
b od y b o lts . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m o to r v e h ic le m ain ten a n ce m ec h a n ic
r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ire d through a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
T h is c la s s ific a t io n d oes not inclu d e m e c h a n ic s w h o
t o m e r s ' v e h ic le s in a u to m o b ile r e p a ir shops.

cus­

M A IN T E N A N C E P IP E F IT T E R
In s ta lls o r r e p a ir s w a t e r , s te a m , g as, o r o th e r typ es o f pip e and
p ip e fittin g s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : L a y in g
out w o r k and m e a s u rin g to lo c a te p o s itio n o f p ip e fr o m d ra w in g s o r oth er
w r itte n s p e c ific a tio n s ; cu ttin g v a rio u s s iz e s o f p ip e to c o r r e c t len gth s w ith
c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e to rc h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a c h in e s ; th read in g
p ip e w ith stock s and d ie s ; b ending p ip e b y h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n
m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g p ip e w ith co u p lin gs and fa s te n in g pipe to h a n g ers ;
m a k in g stan d a rd shop com p u tatio n s r e la tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f
p ip e r e q u ir e d ; and m a k in g stan d a rd te s ts to d e te r m in e w h e th e r fin is h e d p ip es
m e e t s p e c ific a tio n s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m ain ten an ce p ip e fitt e r
r e q u ir e s roun ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ire d through a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
W o r k e r s p r im a r ily
en g a g ed in in s ta llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g s a n ita tio n o r heating s ys te m s
a r e exc lu d e d .
M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R
F a b r ic a t e s , in s ta lls , and m a in ta in s in good r e p a ir the s h e e t-m e ta l
eq u ip m en t and fix tu r e s (su ch as m a c h in e g u a rd s, g r e a s e pans, s h e lv e s ,
lo c k e r s , tan ks, v e n tila t o r s , chutes, d u cts, m e t a l r o o fin g ) o f an e s ta b lis h m en t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P la n n in g and la y in g out a ll typ es o f
s h e e t-m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o r k fr o m b lu e p rin ts , m o d e ls , o r o th er s p e c ifi­
c a tio n s ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a tin g a ll a v a ila b le ty p es o f s h e e t-m e ta l w o rk in g
m a c h in e s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f han d tools in cu ttin g, bending, fo r m in g , shaping,
fittin g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s ta llin g s h e e t- m e t a l a r t ic le s as r e q u ir e d . In
g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e s h e e t- m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s rounded
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic es h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M a c h in e r y )
R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l equipm en t o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
E xa m in in g m ach in es and m e c h a n ic a l
e q u ip m en t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f tro u b le ; d is m a n tlin g o r p a r tly d is m a n tlin g
m a c h in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly in v o lv e the use o f handtools in
s c ra p in g and fittin g p a r ts ; r e p la c in g b ro k en o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts w ith ite m s




r e p a ir

39

M ILLW RIGHT

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

In s ta lls new m a c h in e s o r h e a v y equ ip m en t, and d is m a n tle s and
in s ta lls m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e qu ip m en t w hen chan ges in the p lan t la y o u t a re
r e q u ir e d .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P la n n in g and la y in g out
w o rk ; in te r p r e tin g b lu e p rin ts o r o th e r s p e c ific a tio n s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f handto o ls and r ig g in g ; m a k in g stan dard shop com p u tation s r e la tin g to s t r e s s e s ,
s tren gth o f m a t e r ia ls , and c e n te r s o f g r a v it y ; a lig n in g and b a la n cin g equ ip ­
m en t; s e le c tin g stan dard to o ls , equ ip m en t, and p a rts to be used; and in s ta llin g
and m a in ta in in g in good o r d e r p o w e r tr a n s m is s io n e q u ip m en t such as d r iv e s
and sp eed r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a
rounded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in the tr a d e a c q u ire d through a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

a llo y s ; s e le c tin g a p p ro p ria te m a t e r ia ls , to o ls , and p r o c e s s e s r e q u ir e d to
c o m p le te task s; m ak in g n e c e s s a r y shop co m p u ta tio n s ; s e ttin g up and o p e r ­
atin g v a rio u s m ach in e to o ls and r e la te d e q u ip m en t; u sin g v a r io u s to o l and
d ie m a k e r 's handtools and p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in s tru m e n ts ; w o rk in g to v e r y
c lo s e to le r a n c e s ; h e a t-tre a tin g m e t a l p a rts and fin is h e d to o ls and d ie s to
a c h ie v e re q u ire d q u a litie s ; fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a rts to p r e s c r ib e d t o l e r ­
an ces and a llo w a n c e s . In g e n e r a l, the to o l and d ie m a k e r 's w o r k r e q u ir e s
rounded tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and to o lr o o m p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ire d
th rough fir m e d a p p re n tic es h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g
and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R
A s s is t s on e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m a in te n a n c e tr a d e s , by
p e r fo r m in g s p e c ific o r g e n e r a l d u ties o f le s s e r s k ill, such as k e e p in g a
w o r k e r su p p lied w ith m a t e r ia ls and to o ls ; c le a n in g w o rk in g a re a , m a c h in e ,
and equ ip m en t; a s s is tin g jo u rn e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls o r to o ls ; and p e r ­
fo r m in g o th e r u n sk ille d task s as d ir e c te d by jo u rn e y m a n . T h e kind o f w o r k
the h e lp e r is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m v a r ie s fr o m tr a d e to tra d e :
In s om e
tra d e s the h e lp e r is con fin ed to su p p lyin g, liftin g , and h old in g m a t e r ia ls and
to o ls , and c le a n in g w o rk in g a r e a s ; and in o th e rs he is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m
s p e c ia liz e d m a c h in e o p e r a tio n s , o r p a r ts o f a tr a d e that a re a ls o p e r fo r m e d
by w o r k e r s on a f u ll- t im e b a s is .
M A C H IN E - T O O L O P E R A T O R (T o o lr o o m )
S p e c ia liz e s in o p e r a tin g one o r m o r e than one typ e o f m a c h in e to o l
(e .g ., j i g b o r e r , g rin d in g m a c h in e , en gin e la th e , m illin g m a c h in e ) to m a c h in e
m e ta l fo r u se in m a k in g o r m a in ta in in g ji g s , fix tu r e s , cuttin g to o ls , g a u g es,
o r m e ta l d ie s o r m o ld s u sed in shapin g o r fo r m in g m e t a l o r n o n m e ta llic
m a t e r ia l (e . g . , p la s tic , p la s t e r , ru b b e r, g la s s ).
W o r k ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s :
P la n n in g and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m a c h in in g o p e r a tio n s w h ich r e q u ir e c o m ­
p lic a te d setups o r a high d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; s e ttin g up m a c h in e to o l o r
to o ls ( e . g . , in s ta ll cu ttin g to o ls and ad ju st g u id es , stop s, w o rk in g ta b le s ,
and o th e r c o n tro ls to handle the s iz e o f s to c k to be m a ch in ed ; d e te rm in e
p r o p e r fe e d s , sp ee d s , to o lin g , and o p e r a tio n s e q u e n c e o r s e le c t th o s e p r e ­
s c r ib e d in d ra w in g s , b lu e p rin ts , o r la y o u ts ); u sin g a v a r ie t y o f p r e c is io n
m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm en ts d u rin g m a c h in in g
o p e r a tio n to a c h ie v e r e q u is ite d im e n s io n s to v e r y c lo s e t o le r a n c e s .
M ay
be r e q u ir e d to s e le c t p r o p e r coo la n ts and cuttin g and lu b r ic a tin g o ils , to
r e c o g n iz e w h en to o ls need d r e s s in g , and to d r e s s t o o ls . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk
o f a m a c h in e - to o l o p e r a t o r (t o o lr o o m ) at the s k ill l e v e l c a lle d f o r in this
c la s s ific a t io n r e q u ir e s e x te n s iv e k n o w le d g e o f m a c h in e -s h o p and to o lr o o m
p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ire d th rou gh c o n s id e r a b le o n -th e -jo b tr a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a g e study p u rp o s e s , th is c la s s ific a t io n d o e s not
inclu d e m a c h in e - to o l o p e r a to r s (t o o lr o o m ) e m p lo y e d in to o l and d ie jo b b in g
shops.
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
C o n s tru c ts and r e p a ir s j ig s , fix t u r e s , cu ttin g to o ls , g a u g es , o r m e t a l
d ie s o r m o ld s u sed in shapin g o r fo r m in g m e t a l o r n o n m e ta llic m a t e r ia l (e . g . ,
p la s tic , p la s t e r , ru b b e r, g la s s ). W o r k ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s : P la n n in g and la y in g
out w o r k a c c o r d in g to m o d e ls , b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s , o r o th e r w r itte n o r o r a l
s p e c ific a tio n s ; u n d ersta n d in g the w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s o f com m o n m e t a ls and




F o r c r o s s - in d u s tr y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , th is c la s s ific a t io n d oes not
in clu d e to o l and d ie m a k e r s who (1 ) a r e e m p lo y e d in to o l and d ie jo b b in g
shops o r (2) p ro d u ce fo r g in g d ie s (d ie s in k e r s ).
S T A T IO N A R Y E N G IN E E R
O p e ra te s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e the o p e r a tio n o f
s ta tio n a r y en gin es and equ ip m en t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to su p p ly the
e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , h eat, r e f r ig e r a t io n , o r a ir co n d itio n in g. W o rk in v o lv e s : O p e ra tin g and m a in ta in in g equ ip m en t such as
s te a m e n g in es, a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , tu rb in e s , v e n tila tin g
and r e fr ig e r a t in g equipm en t, s te a m b o ile r s and b o i l e r - fe d w a t e r pum ps;
m a k in g equ ip m en t r e p a ir s ; and k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a tio n o f m a c h in e r y ,
te m p e r a tu r e , and fu e l con su m p tion .
M a y a ls o s u p e r v is e th es e o p e r a tio n s .
H ead o r c h ie f e n g in e e rs in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one e n g in e e r
a r e e x c lu d e d .
B O IL E R T E N D E R
F ir e s s ta tio n a rv b o ile r s to fu r n is h the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich
e m p lo y e d w ith heat, p o w e r , o r s te a m .
F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e b y hand o r
o p e r a te s a m e c h a n ic a l s to k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r; and ch eck s w a t e r and
s a fe ty v a lv e s . M a y clea n , o il, o r a s s is t in r e p a ir in g b o ile r r o o m equipm ent*

Material Movement and Custodial
T R U C K D R IV E R
D r iv e s a tru c k w ith in a c it y o r in d u s tr ia l a r e a to tr a n s p o r t
m a t e r ia ls , m e rc h a n d is e , equ ip m en t, o r w o r k e r s b e tw e e n v a r io u s ty p es o f
e s ta b lis h m en ts such as; M a n u fa ctu rin g p la n ts , f r e i g h t d e p o ts , w a r e h o u s e s ,
w h o le s a le and r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s ta b lis h m e n ts and
c u s to m e r s ' houses o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M a y a ls o lo a d o r unload tru c k
w ith o r w ith ou t h e lp e r s , m ak e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a ir s , and k e e p tru c k in
good w o rk in g o r d e r .
S a le s ro u te and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s a re e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e study p u rp o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s
ra te d c a p a c ity o f tru ck , as fo llo w s :

a r e c la s s ifie d b y ty p e and

T r u c k d r iv e r , lig h t tru ck
(s tr a ig h t tru ck , under IV 2 to n s, u s u a lly 4 w h e e ls )
T r u c k d r iv e r , m ed iu m tru ck
(s tr a ig h t tru ck , IV 2 to 4 tons in c lu s iv e , u s u a lly 6 w h e e ls )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y tru ck
(s tr a ig h t tru ck , o v e r 4 to n s , u s u a lly 10 w h e e ls )
T r u c k d r iv e r . t r a c t o r - t r a i l e r

SH IPPER AND RECEIVER

SHIPPING PACKER

P e r f o r m s c l e r i c a l and p h y s ic a l task s in con n ection w ith shipping
good s o f the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d and r e c e iv in g in c o m in g
s h ip m en ts .
In p e r fo r m in g d a y - to - d a y , rou tin e ta s k s , fo llo w s e s ta b lis h e d
g u id e lin e s . In h a n d lin g unusual n onrou tine p r o b le m s , r e c e iv e s s p e c ific g u id ­
an ce f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r o th e r o ffic ia ls .
M a y d ir e c t and c o o rd in a te the
a c t iv it ie s o f o th e r w o r k e r s e n g a g e d in handling goods to b e shipped o r b ein g
r e c e iv e d .

P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p ro d u cts f o r ship m en t o r s to r a g e by p lacin g th em
in shipping c o n ta in e r s , the s p e c ific o p e ra tio n s p e r fo r m e d being dependent
upon the ty p e , s iz e , and num ber o f units to be p ack ed , the typ e o f con ta in er
e m p lo y e d , and m eth od o f ship m en t. W o rk r e q u ir e s the p la c in g of ite m s in
ship p ing c o n ta in e rs and m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : K n o w led ge
o f v a r io u s ite m s o f s to c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y con tent; s e le c tio n of a p p ro p ria te
ty p e and s iz e o f c o n ta in e r; in s e r tin g e n c lo s u r e s in c o n ta in e r ; using e x c e ls io r
o r o th e r m a t e r ia l to p r e v e n t b re a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c lo s in g and s e a lin g c o n ­
ta in e r ; and a p p lyin g la b e ls o r e n te rin g id e n tify in g data on co n ta in e r. P a c k e r s
w ho a ls o m ak e w o od en b ox es o r c r a te s a r e exclu d ed .

S h ip p e rs t y p ic a lly a r e r e s p o n s ib le fo r m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : V e r ­
ify in g th at o r d e r s a r e a c c u r a t e ly f ille d b y c o m p a rin g ite m s , and q u a n tities
o f good s g a th e r e d f o r s h ip m en t a g a in s t docu m en ts; in su rin g th at sh ip m en ts
a r e p r o p e r ly p a c k a g e d , id e n tifie d w ith shipping in fo rm a tio n , and lo a d e d into
tr a n s p o r tin g v e h ic le s ; p r e p a r in g and k e ep in g r e c o r d s of good s sh ip p ed, e .g .,
m a n ife s ts , b ills o f la d in g .

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G L A B O R E R
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a re h o u s e , m an u factu rin g plant, s to r e , o r
o th er e s ta b lis h m e n t w h ose duties in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g :
L o a d in g and unloading v a r io u s m a te r ia ls and m e r c h a n d is e on o r fr o m fr e ig h t
c a r s , tr u c k s , o r o th e r tr a n s p o r tin g d e v ic e s ; unpackin g, s h e lv in g , or p lacin g
m a te r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s to r a g e lo c a tio n ; and tra n s p o rtin g
m a te r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e by handtruck, c a r , o r w h e e lb a r ro w .
L o n g s h o re
w o r k e r s , who loa d and unload sh ip s, a r e exclu d ed .

R e c e i v e r s t y p ic a lly a r e re s p o n s ib le fo r m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
V e r if y in g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f in c o m in g shipm ents by c o m p a rin g ite m s and
q u a n titie s un load ed a g a in s t b ills o f la d in g , in v o ic e s , m a n ife s ts , s to r a g e
r e c e ip t s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; ch e c k in g fo r d am aged g ood s ; in s u rin g that
good s a r e a p p r o p r ia t e ly id e n tifie d fo r rou tin g to d e p a rtm e n ts w ith in the
e s ta b lis h m e n t; p r e p a r in g and k e ep in g r e c o r d s o f goods r e c e iv e d .
For

w age

stu d y

p u rp oses,

w o rk ers

are

c la s s ifie d

as

P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R

fo llo w s :

O p e ra te s a m a n u a lly c o n tr o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic - p o w e r e d tru c k
o r t r a c t o r to tr a n s p o r t good s and m a te r ia ls o f a ll kinds about a w a re h o u s e,
m an u factu rin g p lant, o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m en t.

S h ip p e r
R e c e iv e r
S h ipper~and r e c e i v e r

F o r w a g e study p u rp o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c la s s ifie d by type of p o w e rtru c k , as fo llo w s :

W AREHOUSEM AN
A s d ir e c t e d , p e r fo r m s a v a r ie t y o f w a reh o u sin g d u ties w h ich r e q u ir e
an u n d ersta n d in g o f th e e s ta b lis h m e n t's s to r a g e plan.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e fo llo w in g :
V e r i f y i n g m a t e r ia ls (o r m e r c h a n d is e ) a g a in s t r e c e iv in g
d o c u m e n ts , noting and r e p o r tin g d is c r e p a n c ie s and obviou s d a m a g e s ; rou tin g
m a t e r ia ls to p r e s c r ib e d s to r a g e lo c a tio n s ; s to r in g , s ta c k in g , o r p a lle tiz in g
m a t e r ia ls in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r ib e d s to r a g e m eth od s; r e a r r a n g in g and
ta k in g in v e n t o r y o f s to r e d m a t e r ia ls ; exa m in in g s to r e d m a te r ia ls and
r e p o r tin g d e t e r io r a t io n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v in g m a te r ia l f r o m s to r a g e and
p r e p a r in g it fo r s h ip m en t. M a y o p e r a te hand o r p o w e r tru ck s in p e r fo r m in g
w a r e h o u s in g d u tie s .

F o r k lif t o p e r a to r
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a to r (o th e r than f o r k l i ft )

GUARD
P r o t e c t s p r o p e r ty fr o m th e ft o r d a m a g e , o r p e rs o n s fr o m h a za rd s
o r in t e r fe r e n c e . D u ties in v o lv e s e r v in g at a fix e d p o s t, m aking rounds on
fo o t o r b y m o to r v e h ic le , o r e s c o r t in g p e rs o n s o r p r o p e r ty . M a y be d epu tized
to m ak e a r r e s t s .
M a y a ls o h elp v i s it o r s and c u s to m e rs by an sw erin g
q u estio n s and g iv in g d ir e c tio n s .

E x c lu d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y duties in v o lv e sh ip p in g and r e c e i v ­
in g w o r k (s e e S h ip p e r and R e c e iv e r and Shipping P a c k e r ), o r d e r f illin g
(s e e O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a tin g p o w e r tru ck s (s e e P o w e r - T r u c k O p e r a t o r ).

G u ard s e m p lo y e d by e s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ich p r o v id e p ro te c tiv e s e r ­
v ic e s on a c o n tra c t b a s is a r e in clu d ed in th is occu p ation .

O RD ER F IL L E R
For

F i l l s sh ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s fo r fin is h e d good s f r o m s to r e d
m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c ific a tio n s on s ales s lip s , c u s to m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s tr u c tio n s . M a y , in ad d ition to fillin g o r d e r s and in d i­
c a tin g ite m s f i l l e d o r o m itte d , k e ep r e c o r d s o f outgoing o r d e r s , r e q u is itio n
a d d itio n a l stock o r r e p o r t s h o rt su p p lies to s u p e rv is o r , and p e r f o r m o th e r
r e la t e d d u ties.




w age

study

purposes,

gu ard s

are

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :

C la s s A .
E n fo r c e s r e g u la tio n s d e s ig n e d to p re v e n t b re a c h es o f
s e c u rity .
E x e r c is e s ju d gm en t and u ses d is c r e t io n in d e a lin g w ith e m e r ­
g e n c ie s and s e c u r ity v io la tio n s e n cou n tered .
D e te rm in e s w h eth er f i r s t

41

GUARD— Continued

GUARD— Continued

r e s p o n s e should be to in t e r v e n e d ir e c t ly (a s k in g f o r a s s is ta n c e w hen d e e m e d
n e c e s s a r y and tim e a llo w s ), to k eep situ a tion u n der s u r v e illa n c e , o r to r e p o r t
situ a tion so that it can be handled by a p p ro p ria te a u th o rity . D u ties r e q u ir e
s p e c ia liz e d tr a in in g in m eth od s and tech n iqu es o f p r o te c tin g s e c u r ity a r e a s .
C o m m o n ly , the g u a rd is r e q u ir e d to d e m o n s tr a te con tinuin g p h y s ic a l fitn e s s
and p r o fic ie n c y w ith f ir e a r m s o r o th e r s p e c ia l w eap on s.

q u ir e m in im a l tra in in g . C o m m o n ly , the g u a rd is not r e q u ir e d to d e m o n s tra te
p h y s ic a l fitn e s s . M a y be a rm e d , but g e n e r a lly is not r e q u ir e d to d e m o n s tr a te
p r o fic ie n c y in the use o f f ir e a r m s o r s p e c ia l w ea p on s.
J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R
C leans and keeps in an o r d e r l y c o n d itio n fa c t o r y w o rk in g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m is e s o f an o f f ic e , a p a r tm e n t hou se, o r c o m m e r c ia l
o r o th e r esta b lish m en t.
D u ties in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o llo w in g :
S w e e p in g , m opping o r s c ru b b in g , and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g c h ip s , tr a s h ,
and o th e r re fu s e ; dusting equ ip m en t, fu r n itu r e , o r fix t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e ta l
fix tu r e s o r tr im m in g s ; p ro v id in g s u p p lies and m in o r m ain ten an ce s e r v ic e s ;
and c le a n in g la v a t o r ie s , s h o w e rs , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s w ho s p e c ia liz e
in w in d o w w ashing a r e excluded.

C la s s B.
C a r r ie s out in s tru c tio n s p r im a r ily o r ie n te d to w a r d in ­
su rin g th at e m e r g e n c ie s and s e c u r it y v io la tio n s a r e r e a d ily d is c o v e r e d and
r e p o r te d to a p p r o p r ia te a u th o rity .
In te r v e n e s d ir e c t ly on ly in s itu ation s
w h ich r e q u ir e m in im a l a c tio n to s a fe g u a rd p r o p e r ty o r p e rs o n s . D u ties r e ­




42

Service Contract
Act Surveys
T h e fo llo w in g a r e a s a r e s u r ­
v e y e d p e r io d ic a lly f o r u se in a d m in ­
is t e r in g the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t
o f 1965.
S u r v e y r e s u lt s a r e p u b ­
lis h e d in r e le a s e s w h ich a r e a v a ila ­
b le , a t no c o s t, w h ile s u p p lie s la s t
f r o m an y o f th e B L S r e g io n a l o ffic e s
show n on the b a c k c o v e r .

A la s k a (s ta te w id e )
A lb a n y , Ga.
A lb u q u e rq u e , N. M e x .
A le x a n d r ia —L e e s v i l l e , L a .
A lp e n a — tandish—T a w a s C ity , M ic h .
S
A n n A r b o r , M ic h .
A s h e v i l l e , N .C .
A u g u s ta , G a.— .C .
S
A u s tin , T e x .
B a k e r s fie ld , C a lif.
B a ton R o u g e , L a .
B a ttle C r e e k , M ic h .
B ea u m on t—P o r t A r th u r —O r a n g e
and L a k e C h a r le s , T e x .—L a .
B ilo x ir -G u lfp o r t and P a s c a g o u la —
M o s s P o in t, M is s .
B in g h a m ton , N . Y.
B ir m in g h a m , A la .
B lo o m in g to n —V in c e n n e s , Ind.
B r e m e r to n - S h e lto n , W ash .
B ru n s w ic k , Ga.
C e d a r R a p id s , Io w a
C h a m p a ign —U rb an a—R an tou l, 111.
C h a r le s t o n - N o r t h C h a r le s t o n —
W a lte r b o r o , S .C .
C h a r lo tt e - G a s to n ia , N .C .
C l a r k s v i l l e — o p k in s v ille , T e n n .—K y.
H
C o lu m b ia — u m te r, S .C .
S
C olu m b u s, G a.— la .
A
C olu m b u s, M is s .
C o n n e c tic u t (s ta te w id e )
D e c a tu r , 111.
D e s M o in e s , Io w a
Dothan, A la .
Duluth— u p e r io r , M in n .—W is .
S
E l P a s o — la m o g o r d o —L a s C r u c e s ,
A
T e x . —N. M e x .
E u g en e — p r in g fie ld r -M e d fo r d , O r e g .
S




F a y e t t e v ille , N .C .
F o r t L a u d e rd a le — o lly w o o d
H
and W e s t P a lm B e a c h B o c a Raton, F la .
F o r t Sm ith, A r k .—O kla.
F o r t W ayne, Ind.
G adsden and A n n iston , A la .
G o ld s b o ro , N .C .
G rand Is la n d -H a s tin g s , N e b r.
Guam, T e r r i t o r y o f
H a r r is b u r g —Lebanon, P a .
K n o x v ille , Tenn.
L a C r o s s e -S p a rta , W is.
L a red o , Tex.
L a s V e g a s —Tonopah, N ev .
L e x in g to n — a y e tte , K y.
F
L im a , O hio
L it t le R ock — o rth L it t le R ock , A r k .
N
L o r a in — ly r ia , O hio
E
L o w e r E a s te rn S h ore, M d.—V a .—D el.
M ac on, Ga.
M ad ison , W is.
M a in e (s ta te w id e )
M a n s fie ld , Ohio
M c A lle n —
Pharr^-E d in bu rg
and B r o w n s v ille — a rlin g e n —
H
San B en ito, T e x .
M e rid ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , M onm outh, and
O cean C ou n ties, N. J.
M o b ile — e n s a c o la —P a n a m a C ity ,
P
A la .—F la .
M ontana (s ta te w id e )
N a s h v ille — avid son , Tenn.
D
N e w B e r n -J a c k s o n v ille , N .C .
N e w H a m p sh ire (s ta te w id e )
N o rth D akota ( s ta te w id e )
N o r th e r n N ew Y o r k
N o r th w e s t T e x a s
O rlan d o, F la .
O xnard— im i V a lle y — en tu ra, C a lif.
S
V
P e o r ia , III.
P h o en ix , A r iz .
P in e B lu ff, A r k .
P u e b lo , C olo.
P u e r t o R ic o
R a le ig h — urham , N .C .
D
R en o, N ev .

R iv e r s id e —
San B e rn a rd in o —
O n ta rio , C a lif.
S a lin a , K ans.
S a lin a s — e a s id e —M o n te re y , C a lif.
S
Sandusky, O hio
Santa B a rb a r a —
Santa M a r ia —
L o m p o c , C a lif.
Savannah, Ga.
S e lm a , A la .
S h erm a n — en ison , T e x .
D
S h re v e p o r t, L a .
South D akota (s ta te w id e )
S o u th ea stern M a s s a c h u s e tts
S ou th ern Idaho
Sou th w est V ir g in ia
Spokane, W ash.
S p r in g fie ld , 111.
Stockton , C a lif.
T a c o m a , W ash.
Tam pa—
St. P e te r s b u r g , F la .
T o p e k a , K ans.
T u c s o n -D o u g la s , A r i z .
T u ls a , O kla.
U p p e r P e n in s u la , M ich .
V a lle jo — a ir f ie ld —Napa, C a lif.
F
V e r m o n t (s ta te w id e )
V ir g in Isla n d s o f the U.S.
W a co and K ille e n — e m p le , T e x .
T
W a te r lo o — e d a r F a lls , Iow a
C
W e s t V ir g in ia (s ta te w id e )
W e s te r n and N o r th e r n
M as sachus etts
W ic h ita F a lls —L a w to n — ltu s ,
A
T e x .—O kla.
Y a k im a —R ich lan d —K en n ew ick —
P e n d le to n , W ash .—O r e g .

A LS O A V A IL A B L E —
A n annual r e p o r t on s a la r ie s fo r
accou n tan ts, au d ito rs, c h ie f accou n t­
ants, a tto rn e y s , jo b a n a lys ts , d i r e c ­
to r s o f p e rs o n n e l, b u y ers, c h e m ists,
e n g in e e rs , e n g in e e rin g te ch n icia n s,
d r a ft e r s ,
a n d c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s
is a v a ila b le .
O r d e r as B L S B u lle ­
tin 1980, N a tio n a l S u rv e y o f P r o ­
fe s s io n a l, A d m in is tr a tiv e , T e c h n ic a l
and C l e r i c a l P a y , M a rc h 1977, $ 2.40
a cop y, f r o m any o f the B LS r e ­
g io n a l s a le s o ffic e s shown on the
b ack c o v e r , o r fr o m the S u p e rin ­
tend ent o f D ocu m ents, U.S. G o v e r n ­
m en t P r in tin g O ffic e , W ashington,
D .C . 20402.

Area Wage
Surveys
A l i s t o f th e la t e s t b u lle tin s a v a ila b le is p re s e n te d b e lo w . B u lle tin s
m a y be p u rch a s e d f r o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l o ffic e s shown on the back
c o v e r , o r f r o m th e S u p e rin te n d e n t o f D ocu m ents, U.S. G o v e rn m e n t P r in tin g
O ffic e , W ash in gton , D .C . 20402. M ak e ch ecks p ayab le to S u perin ten den t o f
D o c u m e n ts .
A d i r e c t o r y o f o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e s u rve y s , c o v e r in g the y e a r s
1970 th rou gh 1977, is a v a ila b le on req u est.

A rea
A k r o n , O hio, D e c . 1978 _________________________________________
A lb a n y -S c h e n e c ta d y — r o y , N .Y ., Sept. 1 9 7 8 1_______________
T
A n a h e im —
Santa A n a—G a rd e n G r o v e ,
C a lif. , O ct. 1 9 7 8 1 _______________________________________________
A tla n ta , G a ., M a y 1978 1 ________________________________________
B a lt im o r e , M d ., A u g . 1978 1 ____________________________________
B illin g s , M on t., Ju ly 1 978______________________________________
B irm in g h a m , A la . , M a r . 1 9 78 __________________________________
B oston , M a s s ., A u g. 1 9 7 8 *______________________________________
B u ffa lo , N .Y ., O ct. 1 9 7 8 1_______________________________________
C anton, O hio, M a y 1978_________________________________________
C h a tta n o og a , T e n n .—G a., Sept. 1978 1__________________________
C h ic a g o , 111., M a y 1978 _________________________________________
C in c in n a ti, O h io— y .—In d ., July 1978__________________________
K
C le v e la n d , O hio, Sept. 1 978_____________________________________
C olu m b u s, O hio, O ct. 1978 1 ____________________________________
C o rp u s C h r is t i, T e x ., Ju ly 1978_______________________________
D a lla s —F o r t W o rth , T e x ., O ct. 1978 1
_________________________
D a v e n p o rt— o c k Isla n d —M o lin e , Iow a—
R
111., F eb . 1978_______
D ayton , O hio, D e c . 1978 ________________________________________
D ay ton a B ea ch , F la ., A u g . 1978 _______________________________
D e n v e r —B o u ld e r, C o lo ., D e c . 1 978____________________________
D e tr o it, M ic h ., M a r . 1978_______________________________________
F r e s n o , C a lif. , June 1978 1____________________________________ _
G a in e s v ille , F la . , Sept. 1978 ___________________________________
G a r y - H a m m o n d - E a s t C h ic a g o , Ind., A u g. 1979 1____________
G r e e n B ay, W is . , Ju ly 1978 1 ___________________________________
G r e e n s b o r o —W in s to n -S a le n > -H ig h P o in t,
N .C ., A u g . 1 9 78 __________________________________________________
G r e e n v ille — p a rta n b u rg , S .C ., June 1978 ____________________
S
H a r tfo r d , C onn ., M a r . 1 9 7 8 1 ___________________________________
H ou ston, T e x ., A p r . 1978________________________________________
H u n ts v ille , A la . , F e b . 1978 _____________________________________
In d ia n a p o lis , Ind., O ct. 1 9 7 8 1 __________________________________
Jack son , M is s ., Jan. 1978_______________________________________
J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., D e c . 1978 __________________________________
K a n s a s C ity , M o .- K a n s ., Sept. 1978__________________________
L o s A n g e le s —L o n g B ea ch , C a lif. , Oct. 1 9 7 8 1 ________________
L o u is v ille , K y .- In d ., N o v . 1 9 78 ________________________________
M e m p h is , T en n .—A r k .—M is s . , N o v . 1978 _____________________




B u lle tin nu m ber
and p r ic e *
2025-63, $1.0 0
2025-58, $1.2 0
2025-65, $1 .3 0
2025-28, $1 .4 0
2025-50, $1 .5 0
2025-38, $1 .0 0
2025-15, 80 cen ts
2025-43, $1 .5 0
2025-71, $1.3 0
2025-22, 70 cen ts
2025-51, $ 1 .2 0
2025-32, $1.3 0
2025-39, $1.1 0
2025-49, $1.30
2025-59, $1.50
2025-29, $1.00
2025-52, $1 .5 0
2025-6, 70 cents
2025-66, $1 .0 0
2025-48, $1 .0 0
2025-68, $ 1 .2 0
2025-11, $1 .2 0
2025-31, $1 .2 0
2025-45, $1 .0 0
(To be surveyed)
2025-41, $1 .2 0
2025-46,
2025-30,
2025-14,
2025-23,
2025-4,
2025-57,
2025-1,
2025-67,
2025-53,
2025-61,
2025-69,
2025-62,

$1 .0 0
$ 1 .0 0
$1 .2 0
$1.2 0
70 cents
$1 .5 0
70 cents
$1 .0 0
$1.3 0
$1.5 0
$1 .0 0
$1.0 0

A rea
M ia m i, F la ., Oct. 1 9 7 8 1
_________________________________________
M ilw a u k e e , W is ., A p r . 1 9 7 8 1___________________________________
M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l, M inn.—W is ., Jan. 1979________________
Nassaur-Suffolk, N .Y ., June 1978 1_____________________________
N e w a rk , N .J ., Jan. 1978 *_______________________________________
N e w O rle a n s , L a ., Jan. 1978 ___________________________________
N e w Y o rk , N .Y . - N . J . , M a y l 9 7 8 1 _____________________________
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B each—P o rts m o u th , V a.—
N .C ., M a y 1978 _________________________________________________
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B ea ch — o r ts m o u th and
P
N e w p o rt N ew s — am pton, _Va.—N .C ., M a y 1978_____________
H
N o r th e a s t P e n n s y lv a n ia , A u g . 1978 ____________________________
O k lah om a C ity , O k la ., Aug. 1978______________________________
Om aha, N e b r .—Iow a, Oct. 1978_________________________________
P a te r s o n — lifto n — a s s a ic , N .J ., June 1978 1_____________ ____
C
P
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .- N .J ., N ov. 1978 ____________________________
P itts b u rg h , P a ., Jan. 1978 ______________________________________
P o r tla n d , M ain e, D ec. 1 9 7 8 1 ___________________________________
P o r tla n d , O r e g .—W ash ., M a y 197 8 ____________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N .Y ., J u n e l9 7 8 1_______________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie — in g s to n — ew bu rgh , N .Y ., June 1 9 7 8 1 ______
K
N
P r o v id e n c e — a rw ic k —P a w tu ck e t, R .I.—
W
M a s s ., June 1978________________________________________________
R ich m on d , V a ., June 1978______________________________________
St. L o u is , M o.—111., M a r. 1978 ________________________________
S a cra m e n to , C a lif., D ec. 1977 1_______________________________
Sagin aw , M ic h ., N ov. 1978 ______________________________________
S a lt L a k e C ity —
Ogden, Utah, N ov. 1978 1 _____________________
San A n ton io, T e x ., M a y 1978 ___________________________________
San D ie g o , C a lif., N ov. 1978____________________________________
San F r a n c is c o —
Oakland, C a lif., M a r. 1978 1__________________
San Jose, C a lif., M a r. 1 9 7 8 1 ___________________________________
S e a ttle — v e r e tt, W ash ., D ec. 1978_____________________________
E
South Bend, Ind., A u g. 1978_____________________________________
T o le d o , O h io -M ic h ., M a y 1 9 7 8 1 _______________________________
T re n to n , N .J ., Sept. 1978 1 ______________________________________
U tic a —R om e, N . Y . , July 1978___________________________________
W ash ington , D .C .- M d .- V a ., M a r . 1978 1______________________
W ic h ita , K a n s ., A p r . 1978_______________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., A p r . 1978 1_________________________________
Y o r k , P a ., F eb . 1 9 7 8 1___________________________________________

B u lle tin num ber
and p r ic e *
2025-60,
2025-18,
2050-1,
2025-33,
2025-7,
2025-5,
2025-35,

$1.30
$1.40
$1.30
$1.30
$1.40
$1.00
$1.50

2025-20, 70 cents
2025-21,
2025-47,
2025-40,
2025-56,
2025-36,
2025-54,
2025-3,
2025-70,
2025-25,
2025-37,
2025-42,

80 cents
$1.00
$ 1.00
$1.00
$1.20
$1.30
$1.10
$1.20
$1.00
$1.10
$1.20

2025-27,
2025-26,
2025-13,
1950-72,
2025-64,
2025-72,
2025-17,
2025-73,
2025-10,
2025-9,
2025-74,
2025-44,
2025-24,
2025-55,
2025-34,
2025-12,
2025-16,
2025-19,
2025-8,

$1.40
80 cents
$1.20
$1.00
$ 1.00
$1.30
70 cents
$1.00
$1.40
$1.20
$1.00
$1.00
$1.20
$1.20
$1.00
$1.40
80 cents
$1.10
$1.10

*

Prices are determined by the Government Printing O ffice and are subject to change.

1

D ata on establishment practices and supplementary w age provisions are also presented.

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region I

Region II

Region tit

Region IV

1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (A reaC o de617)

Suite 3400
1515 Broadway
New York, N Y. 10036
Phone: 399-5406 (A reaC o de212)

3535 Market Street,
P O Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 596-1154 (A reaC o de215)

Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St., N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone 881-4418 (Area Code 404)

Connecticut
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New York
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District of Colum bia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
M ississippi
North Carolina
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Region V

Region VI

Regions VII and VIII

Regions IX and X

9th Floor, 230 S Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone. 353-1880 (A reaC o de312)

Second Floor
555 G riffin Square Building
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 767-6971 (A reaC o de214)

Federal O ffice Building
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (A reaC ode816)

450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Texas

VII
Iowa
Kansas
M issouri
Nebraska

IX
Arizona
California
Hawaii
Nevada

Illin o is
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
W isconsin




VIII
Colorado
Montana
North Dakota
South Dakota
Utah
W yom ing

X
Alaska
Idaho
Oregon
Washington


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102