View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

x -a ^ ;

A
r e
Wage
Survey

a

Saginaw, Michigan,
Metropolitan Area
November 1978

Bulletin 2025-64
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics




Saginaw

Saginaw

Preface
T h is b u lle tin p ro v id e s re s u lts o f a N o v e m b e r 197 8 s u r v e y o f o c c u p a ­
tio n a l e a rn in g s in the S a gin aw , M ic h ig a n , Stan d ard M e tr o p o lita n S ta tis tic a l
A rea.
T h e s u r v e y w as m ad e as p a r t of the B u reau o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s '
annual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m .
It w as con du cted by the B u re a u 's
r e g io n a l o ffic e in C h ic a g o , 111., under the g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n o f L o is L . O r r ,
A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l C o m m is s io n e r fo r O p e ra tio n s .
T h e s u r v e y could not
have b een a c c o m p lis h e d w ith ou t the c o o p e r a tio n o f the m an y fir m s w h ose
w age and s a la r y data p ro v id e d the b a s is fo r the s ta tis tic a l in fo rm a tio n in
this b u lletin .
T h e B u reau w is h e s to e x p r e s s s in c e r e a p p re c ia tio n fo r the
c o o p e r a tio n r e c e iv e d .




M a te r ia l in this p u b lic a tio n is in the p u b lic d o m a in and m a y be r e ­
p ro d u c ed without p e r m is s io n o f th e F e d e r a l G o v e rn m e n t.
P le a s e c r e d it the
B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s and c ite the nam e and nu m ber o f th is p u b lica tion .

Note:
A r e p o r t on occu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s in the S a gin a w a r e a is a v a ila b le
fo r the lau n d ry and d ry c le a n in g in d u s try (N o v e m b e r 197 8).
F r e e c o p ie s a r e
a v a ila b le fr o m the B u re a u 's r e g io n a l o f f ic e s .
(S e e b ack c o v e r f o r a d d r e s s e s .)

Area
Wage
Survey

Saginaw, Michigan,
Metropolitan Area
November 1978

U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary

C o n ten ts

Page

In trod u ctio n __________________________________________

2

Bureau of Labor Statistics
Janet L. Norwood
Acting Commissioner
February 1979
Bulletin 2025-64

For sale by the Superintendent of Docu­
ments U S Government Printing Office
Washington D C 20402 GPO Bookstores or
BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover
Price $1 00 Make checks payable to Super­
intendent ot Documents




T ab les:
A.

E arn in gs, a ll establishm en ts:
A - l . W eek ly earnings o f o ffic e w o rk e rs __
A -2 . W eek ly earnings o f p ro fe s s io n a l
and techn ical w o r k e r s ______________
A -3 . A v e ra g e w e e k ly earnings of
o ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, and
technical w o rk e rs , by s e x _________
A - 4. H ourly earnings o f m aintenance,
to olroom , and pow erplant
w o rk e rs _______________________________
A -5 . H ou rly earnings o f m a te ria l
m ovem ent and custodial w o rk e rs __
A - 6. A v e ra g e h ou rly earnings o f
m aintenance, to o lro o m , p ow erplant, m a te ria l m ovem ent, and
custodial w o rk e rs , by s e x _________
A -7 . P e rc e n t in c re a s es in a vera ge
hourly earn in gs, adjusted fo r
em ploym ent shifts, fo r se lec te d
occupational g ro u p s _________________

3
4

5

6
6

7

8

Page
Appendix A . Scope and method o f s u r v e y _________ 9
Appendix B . Occupational d e s c rip tio n s ___________ 13

Introduction
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 7 5 in w h ich th e U .S. D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r ’ s B u rea u
o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s con du cts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s and r e la te d
b e n e fits . (S ee lis t o f a r e a s on in s id e b ack c o v e r . ) In e a c h a r e a , o c c u p a tio n a l
e a rn in g s data ( A - s e r i e s t a b le s ) a r e c o lle c t e d an nually. In fo r m a tio n on e s ta b ­
lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e b e n e fits ( B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) is
o b ta in ed e v e r y th ir d y e a r . T h is r e p o r t has no B - s e r i e s ta b le s .

A - s e r i e s tab les
T a b le s A - 1 th rou gh A - 6 p r o v id e e s tim a te s o f s tr a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly
o r h o u rly ea rn in g s fo r w o r k e r s in o c c u p a tio n s com m o n to a v a r i e t y o f
m an u factu rin g and n on m an u factu rin g in d u s tr ie s . F o r the 31 la r g e s t s u r v e y
a r e a s , ta b le s A - 8 th rou gh A - 13 p r o v id e s i m i l a r data f o r e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e .
T a b le A - 7 p ro v id e s p e r c e n t ch an ges in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a rn in g s
o f o f f ic e c le r ic a l w o r k e r s , e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g w o r k e r s , in d u s tr ia l
n u r s e s , s k ille d m ain ten an ce tr a d e s w o r k e r s , and u n sk ille d plant w o r k e r s .
W h e re p o s s ib le , data a re p r e s e n te d f o r a ll in d u s tr ie s and f o r m a n u fa c ­
tu rin g and nonm anu facturin g s e p a r a t e ly . D ata a r e not p r e s e n te d f o r s k ille d
m a in ten a n ce w o r k e r s in n on m an u fa ctu rin g b e c a u s e the n u m b er o f w o r k e r s
e m p lo y e d in th is occu p a tio n a l g ro u p in n o n m an u fa ctu rin g is to o s m a ll to
w a r r a n t s e p a ra te p re s e n ta tio n .
T h is ta b le p r o v id e s a m e a s u r e o f w a g e
tr e n d s a fte r e lin im a tio n o f changes in a v e r a g e e a rn in g s ca u s e d by e m p lo y ­
m en t s h ifts am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts as w e l l as tu r n o v e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts
in c lu d e d in s u r v e y s a m p le s . F o r fu r th e r d e t a ils , s ee ap p en d ix A.

E a ch y e a r a ft e r a ll in d iv id u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s h a ve b een c o m ­
p le te d , tw o s u m m a r y b u lle tin s a r e is s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b rin g s t o g e th e r data
f o r each m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; the seco n d p re s e n ts n a tio n a l and
r e g io n a l e s t im a t e s , p r o je c t e d f r o m in d iv id u a l m e tr o p o lita n a r e a d ata, fo r
a ll Stan d ard M e tr o p o lita n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a s in the U n ite d S ta te s , e x c lu d in g
A la s k a and H a w a ii.

A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is the n eed
to d e s c r ib e the l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r ie t y o f la b o r m a r k e ts ,
th ro u gh th e a n a ly s is o f (1 ) th e l e v e l and d is trib u tio n o f w a g e s b y oc c u p a tio n ,
and (2) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s by o c c u p a tio n a l c a te g o r y and s k ill l e v e l. T h e
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p s in fo r m a tio n th at m a y be u sed f o r m an y p u r p o s e s , in clu d in g
w a g e and s a la r y a d m in is tr a tio n , c o lle c t iv e b a r g a in in g , and a s s is ta n c e in
d e te rm in in g p lan t lo c a tio n . S u r v e y r e s u lts a ls o a r e used b y th e U .S . D e p a r t­
m en t o f L a b o r to m a k e w a g d d e te rm in a tio n s under th e S e r v ic e C o n tra c t A c t
o f 1965.




A p p e n d ix e s
A p p en d ix A d e s c r ib e s th e m eth od s and c o n cep ts u sed in the a r e a
w a g e s u rv e y p r o g r a m and p r o v id e s in fo r m a tio n on the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
A p p en d ix B p ro v id e s jo b d e s c r ip tio n s
m is ts to c la s s ify w o r k e r s by oc c u p a tio n .

2

u sed b y B u re a u f i e l d e c o n o ­

A. Earnings
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Saginaw, Mich., November 1978
Weekly ear ning^^"
(standard)
Number

Average
weekly
hours *
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f —
A

*

*

*

s

S

S

%

1

%

s

*

s

S

*

s

%

%

*

%

ft

workers

110

120

1 30

140

150

160

170

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

110

Oc cupation an d industry division

120

130

1 40

150

160

170

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

3 80

400

420

-

-

3
3

4
4

11
8

10
3

3
“

21
10

12
5

7
i

6
i

ii
“

9

4

11
8

9

-

7
7

9

-

“

1
1

-

-

3
3

3
3

7
6

_

i

i

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

*

2

-

2

-

2

-

2

-

2

7

6

3

7

4
1

b

9

2

3

100
Mean2

Median2

Middle range2

and
u n d er

1 80j

400

420

and
over

AL L W O R K E R S
1A1
54

3 9 .0
38. 0

$
2 93.50
233.00

$
2 93.50
22 6.5 0

$
$
2 2 0.0 0 -3 61 .5 0
1 7 7 .0 0 -2 93 .0 0

-

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S B ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

36
15

3 9 .5
3 8 .5

2 89.50
1 91.00

30 9.0 0
180.03

1 8 4 .0 0 -3 93 .0 0
1 7 0 .0 0 -1 91 .0 0

-

SECRETARIES.

CLASS

C -------------

47

3 9 .5

309.50

3 13.00

2 9 1.0 0 -3 54 .5 0

-

SECRETARIES.

CLASS

0 -------------

39

3 8 .0

2 39.00

2 4 1.0 0

2 0 7.0 0 -2 78 .0 0

-

S T E N O G R A P H E R S ------------------------N O N M ANUF A C T U R I M B -----------------

53
25

4 0 .0
39. 5

220.00
193.50

220.00
176.50

1 5 7 .5 0 -2 81 .5 0
15 2 • Q0~21 8*5 0

23

4 0 .0

185.00

14 8.0 0

1 3 1 .5 0 -2 20 .5 0

-

S E C R E T A R I E S ---------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

STENOGRAPHERS.

G E N E R A L -----------

-

-

-

-

-

~

1

2

2

2

“

~

i

10

10

5

4

7

10

-

-

-

-

2

2

1

~

b

b

~

-

~

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

2

-

_
~

6
~

4
4

2
2

2
2

3
3

4
4

2
1

3
3

3

“

-

6

4

2

-

-

-

2

2

2

-

2

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

6

2

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

”

”

S E N I O R ------------

30

39. 5

246.50

26 0.0 0

1 7 9 .5 0 -2 89 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

2

3

4

-

1

1

4

T Y P I S T S --------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

66
34
32

3 9 .0
40. 0
3 8 .0

1 59.00
174.00
143.00

14 6.0 0
172.00
13 3.0 0

1 1 7.0 0 -1 79 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0 -2 06 .0 0
120.0 0 -1 54 .0 0

12
12
_

8

5

4

8

-

-

4
3
1

7
6
1

1
1

i

-

6
5
1

-

-

1
1

-

-

2
2

-

STENOGRAPHERS.

8
~

-

-

“

“

-

8

5

4

5
2
3

1

“

TYPISTS.

CLASS

A -------------------

15

39. 5

2 14.50

18 6.5 0

1 5 4 .0 0 -2 82 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

1

2

1

-

-

1

2

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

TYPISTS.

CLASS

B -------------------

51

39. 0

142.50

13 0.0 3

1 1 7 .0 0 -1 7 2 .0 0

12

8

5

4

5

2

1

5

2

6

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

F I L E C L E R K S ---------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

77
73

38. 5
38. 5

144.00
141.03

142.50
1 42.50

1 2 4.5 0 -1 44 .0 0
124.5 0 -1 42 .5 0

6
6

7
7

5
5

34
34

4
4

3
2

1

2
1

-

_

i

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

“

3
3

-

“

SUITCHBOARO OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

38
16
22

39. 5
40. 0
39. 5

165.50
201.03

1 3 0 .0 0 -1 8 1 .0 0
1 7 7.0 0 -1 88 .5 0
1 2 4 .0 0 -1 42 .0 0

-

3

8
-

3
-

3
-

_

-

i
1

-

i

-

-

-

-

-

i
i

-

~

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

3

3

3

-

3

9
8
1

1
1

8

2
1
1

3
3

1 39.50

1 6 0.5 3
181.00
1 33.50

“

-

-

-

O R D E R C L E R K S --------------------------

38

39. 5

16 7.5 0

16 6.0 0

1 3 4.5 0 -1 86 .0 0

-

1

9

-

1

2

9

4

7

1

3

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

B -------------

32

39. 5

158.00

1 66.00

1 2 7.0 0 -1 77 .0 0

-

1

9

-

1

2

8

4

6

1

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

213
107
106

39. 5
4 0 .0
39. 5

208.50
233.00
184.00

1 91.00
20 2.0 0
1 70.00

1 5 5 .5 0 -2 52 .0 0
1 6 3 .0 0 -3 31 .5 0
1 5 1 .0 0 -2 00 .0 0

6
6

4
4

16
8
8

7
-

b

-

24
9
15

20
10
10

17
1
16

30
17
13

5
i
4

ii
7
4

7
2
5

14
14

-

-

-

-

10
10
-

-

-

5
i
4

4
4

6

17
7
10

10
10

7

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S . C L A S S A -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

113
68
45

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
39. 0

247.00
2 72.50
208.00

2 15.50
272.50
1 98.00

1 9 4.0 0 -3 05 .5 0
2 0 2 .0 0 -3 4 9 .0 0
1 7 3 .0 0 -2 15 .5 0

-

-

-

23
12
11

i
i

i
-

b

-

-

-

-

i

4

-

-

10
10
-

_

1
5

13
13

-

b

4
4

5

10
1
9

10
10

2

14
10
4

10

-

2
-

5

-

4
4

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S . C L A S S 8 -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

100
39

39. 5
40. 0
39. 5

1 6 5.0 0
164.00

1 2 7.5 0 -1 72 .5 0
1 2 6 .5 0 -1 6 5 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0 -1 80 .0 0

6
6

4
4

16
8
8

7
7

2
-

15
7
8

19
9
10

6
6

7
7

7
5
2

-

4

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

i
3

1
1

-

4

1
1

-

-

i
i

166.00

1 59.00
1 55.50
16 0.0 0

P A Y R O L L C L E R K S -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

32
20

40. 0

178.50
167.50

1 80.00
1 65.00

1 4 7 .0 0 -1 96 .5 0
1 1 7 .5 0 -1 99 .5 0

-

8
8

-

-

-

i
i

2
2

4

9

-

-

i
i

-

-

3

i
i

-

i

5
3

KE Y E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

90
53
37

1 73.50
2 57.00
153.00

1 4 4 .0 0 -2 62 .5 0
1 6 9 .5 0 -2 92 .5 0
1 3 2 .5 0 -1 7 6 .5 0

-

5

40. 0
3 9 .0

2 05.50
240.00
155.50

4

-

10
8

7
-

10
10

4
3
1

7
7

4
4

2
2

7

7
1
6

6
4

2

3
1
2

2
2

5

8
8

“

2

”

KEY E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B --M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

75
39

3 9 .5
40. 0
3 9 .5

1 82.00
207.00
155.00

1 6 9.5 0
1 83.50
15 1.0 0

1 3 8.0 0 -2 18 .5 0
1 6 8.5 0 -2 62 .5 0
1 3 1.0 0 -1 77 .5 0

4
4

-

5

10
8

10
10

2
1
1

7
1
6

4

5
3

7
7

2

7
7

8

5

ORDER CLERKS.

CLASS

61

36

40. 0
39. 5

-

ii
ii
3
-

“

“

"

-

S e e fo o t n o t e s a t en d o f ta b le s .




-

3

2

8

8

3
1

-

-

1
1

2

-

-

-

i

-

“

-

"

-

“
-

-

-

~

“

“

-

-

4
4

4
4

-

-

-

3
3

“
4
4

”

“

-

“

“

1
1

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

~

~

■

-

-

-

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Saginaw, Mich., November 1978
Weekly earnings^™
(standard)
Number
of
woiken

Occupation an d industry division

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t- tim e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f —

s
Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

ALL

£

S

£

£

s

S

s

£

S

A

S

S

£

t

t

£

*

£

170

180

190

200

213

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

A 20

440

460

480

500

180

190

200

210

220

2A0

260

280

300

320

3A0

360

380

A00

A2 0

443

A6 0

480

500

520

1

2

4

2

1

1

3

1

1

3

3

7

2

3

3

3

-

and
u n d er
170

COMPUTER

4

%

160

WORKERS

P ROGRAMMERS

(B U SIN E S S)

---

AO

39. 5

1 69.50

$
A0A.50

$
$
26 A .00 -A A A .00

--------------------

3A

39. 0

3 05.50

333.50

2 0 0 .0 0 -3 9 3 .5 0

3

2

1

3

1

-

5

-

1

-

1

-

1

4

6

i

3

1

-

1

------

23

39. 5

298.00

3 5 A . 50

1 9 8.5 0 -3 86 .0 0

3

1

1

1

1

-

3

-

1

-

-

~

1

4

5

i

1

~

-

-

-

D R A F T E R S -------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

91
91

40. 0
AO. 0

267.50
267.50

2A9.50
2A9.50

1 9 6.0 0 -3 27 .0 0
1 9 6.0 0 -3 27 .0 0

~

6
6

16
16

1
1

10
10

i
i

6
6

6
6

7
7

8
8

5
5

6
6

5

i
i

8
8

2
2

2
2

1
1

-

-

-

-

8
8

-

6
6

i
i

2
2

3
3

4
4

5
5

1
1

3
3

4

~

5
5

1
1

2
2

1
1

~

~

~

6
6

8
8

1
1

4
4

-

4
4

3
3

3
3

3
3

-

2
2

1
1

-

i
i

-

-

-

-

-

-

COMPUTER

OP ERA TO RS

COMPUTER

OPERATORS.

CLAS S

B

---------------------------------------

46
46

AO. 0
AO. 0

282.00
282.00

2 76.00
276.00

2 0 7.0 0 ~ 3 A 2 .5 0
2 0 7.0 0 ~ 3 A 2 .5 0

~

O R A F T E R S . C L A S S C -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

36
36

AO . 0
AO . 0

2 28.50
2 2 8.50

2 0 2.0 0
2 0 2.0 0

1 9 0.0 0 -2 60 .0 0
1 9 0.0 0 -2 60 .0 0

-

DRAFTERS. CLASS
MAN UFACTURING

B

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s ,




5
4

”
-

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in Saginaw, Mich., November 1978
Average
(mean2)

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Number
of
worker*

Weekly
hours
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCU PA TI ON S - WOMEN
119

$
39. 5 29 9. 00

8 —

35

39. 5 28 7 . 5 0

S T E N O G R A P H E R S ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S -----

53
25

AO. 0 22 0 . 0 0
39. 5 19 3. 50

SECRETARIES

---------------

SECRETARIES*

CLASS

STENOGRAPHERS*

GENERAL

23

no. a

18 5 . 0 0

STENOGRAPHERS.

SENIOR

30

39 .5

24 6. 50

66

NONMANUFACTURI NG --------

39
32

39 .0 1 5 9 . 0 0
40. 0 1 7 4 . 0 0
38. 0 14 3. 00

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Weekly
hours1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

S W I T C H B O A R O OP ER A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T S M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ---------------------------------------

38
16
22

$
39 . 5 1 6 5 . 5 0
AO. 0 2 0 1 . 0 0
39.5 139.50

OROER C L E R K S ---------------------------------------------------------

31

39. 5 1 6 0 . 0 0
39.5

TYPISTS.

CLASS

A ------

15

39. 5 21 A .5 0

TYPISTS.

CLASS

B ------

51

39. 0 1 A 2 . 5 0

F I L E C L E R K S --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ----

75
71

38 • 5 1 A A . 0 0
38. 0 1 A 1 . 0 0

8 ----------------------------

30

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S -------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

200
95
105

39.5 202.50
AO. 0 2 2 3 . 0 0
39.5 183.50

A C C O U N T I N G CL ER KS t C L A S S A ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ---------------------------------------

103
59
44

39 . 5 2 3 8 . 0 0
39.5 260.50
39 . 0 2 0 8 . 5 0

A C C O U N T I N G CL ER KS . C L A S S 8 --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------

97
36
61

39 . 5 1 6 A . 0 0
AO . O 1 6 1 . 0 0
39. 5 1 6 6 . 0 0

31
19

AO. 0 1 7 5 . 5 0
AO.O 162.00

OR DE R C L E R K S .

CL A S S

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

OFFICE OC CUPATIONS WO ME N— CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

P A Y R O L L C L E R K S --------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------------

T Y P I S T S -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------

Average
(mean2)

Average
(mean2)
Number
of
workers

5

156.50

KEY E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ------------------

84
53
31

$
90 .0 2 0 5 . 5 0
90. 0 2 9 0 . 0 0
39.5 1 4 7 . 0 0

KEY EN T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ------------------

69
39
30

40. 0 1 8 1 . 0 0
90. 0 2 0 7 . 0 0
39. 5 1 9 6 . 5 0

D R A F T E R S -------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

83
83

90. 0 2 7 3 . 5 0
90. 0 2 7 3 . 5 0

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S 8 -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

46
96

40 .0 2 8 2 . 0 0
40. 0 2 8 2 . 0 0

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S C -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

28
28

90. 0 2 3 9 . 5 0
90. 0 2 3 9 . 5 0

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers
in Saginaw, Mich., November 1978
NOTE:
D a ta f o r m a in te n a n c e and
m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

p o w e r p la n t

w ork ers

do not

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Saginaw, Mich., November 1978




6




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom,
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers,
by sex, in Saginaw, Mich., November 1978
Sex,

3

o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
(mean* )
hourly
earnings4

WAREHOUSEAE N

-----------------------------------------------------------

-----------------------------------------------------------

GUAROS AND UATCHAEN

----------------------------------------

of

workers

Average
(mean2 )
hourly
earnings 4

A A T E R IA L MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN
TRUCKDRIVERS

Number

S e x , 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

1 AD
75
79
2«4

$

7. 3 1
6•

A0

J A N IT O R S .

PO RTERS.

AND CLEANERS:

$

avTwn. n u r * 0 1 u n 1

6T»

6 . 02
f>.

20

M ATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

J A N IT O R S .

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le s .

7

PO RTERS.

AND CLEANERS

-------

72

5 . 97

Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings, adjusted for employment shifts.
for selected occupational groups in Saginaw, Mich., for selected periods
In d u s tr y and o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p 5

N o v e m b e r 1974
to
N o v e m b e r 1975

N o v e m b e r 1975
to
N o v e m b e r 1976

N o v e m b e r 1976
to
N o v e m b e r 1977

N o v e m b e r 1977
to
N o v e m b e r 1978

A l l in d u s tr ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l
E le c t r o n ic d ata p r o c e s s in g _____________________________
In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s _________________________________________
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s _____________________________
U n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s

7.9
( 6)
( 6)
( 6)
10.1

7.2

6.7

9.4

(6)
( 6)
( 6)
10.2

( 6)
( 6)
( 6)
7.4

(6)
(6)
(6)
8.3

M a n u fa c tu rin g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ____________________________________________
E le c t r o n ic d ata p r o c e s s in g _____________________________
In d u s t r ia l n u r s e s
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s _____________________________
U n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s

( 6)
(6)
(‘ )
(6)
( 6)

(6)
(6)
( 6)
( 6)
( 6)

(6)
( 6)
( 6)
( 6)
( 6)

(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ________ _______ ______ _
_
_ _____ ___
E le c t r o n ic d a ta p r o c e s s in g _____________________________
In d u s t r ia l n u r s e s __________________________________________
U n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s _________________________________

( 6)
(‘ )
( 6)
(6)

(6)
(6)
( 6)
(6)

(6)
( )
( 6)
(6)

( 6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

Footnotes1
2
1 S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e
s a la r ie s ( e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e a t r e g u la r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and th e e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d
to th e s e w e e k ly h o u rs.
2 T h e m e a n is c o m p u te d f o r e a c h jo b b y t o ta lin g th e e a r n in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g by
the n u m b er o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a te s p o s itio n — h a lf o f th e w o r k e r s r e c e i v e the s a m e o r
m o r e and h a lf r e c e i v e th e s a m e o r le s s than, th e r a te show n.
T h e m id d le r a n g e is d e fin e d b y tw o
r a te s o f p a y; a fo u r th o f th e w o r k e r s e a r n the s a m e o r l e s s than the lo w e r o f t h e s e r a te s and a
fou rth e a r n the s a m e o r m o r e than the h ig h e r ra te .




3 E a r n in g s data r e la t e o n ly to w o r k e r s
w hose
s e x id e n t ific a t io n w a s
p r o v i d e d b y th e
e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p ay fo r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la t e s h ifts .
5 E s tim a te s f o r p e r io d s en din g p r io r to 1976 r e la t e to m e n o n ly f o r s k ille d m a in te n a n c e and
u n s k ille d p lan t w o r k e r s .
A l l o th e r e s t im a t e s r e la t e to m e n and w o m e n .
6 D ata d o not m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a o r d a ta n ot a v a ila b le .

8

Appendix A.
Scope and Method
of Survey
O ccu p ation s and ea rn in g s

In each o f th e 75 1 a r e a s c u r r e n tly s u rv e y e d , the B u reau ob tain s
w a g e s and r e la te d b e n e fits d ata f r o m r e p r e s e n ta tiv e e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in
s ix b ro a d in d u s try d iv is io n s :
M a n u fa ctu rin g; tr a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n ,
and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u ra n ce ,
and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s .
G o v e rn m en t o p e ra tio n s and th e c o n s tru c tio n
and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s tr ie s a r e exc lu d e d .
E s ta b lis h m en ts h a vin g f e w e r than
a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a r e a ls o exclu d ed b eca u se o f in s u ffic ie n t
e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied .
A p p e n d ix ta b le 1 shows the nu m b er
o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s e s tim a te d to be w ith in the s cop e o f th is
s u r v e y , as w e l l as th e n u m b er a c tu a lly studied.

O ccu p ation s s e le c te d f o r study a r e com m o n to a v a r ie t y o f m a n u fa c­
tu rin g and n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f th e fo llo w in g ty p e s :
(1)
O ffic e c le r ic a l; (2 ) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (3) m a in ten an ce, to o lr o o m ,
and p o w e rp la n t; and (4 ) m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t and c u s to d ia l.
O ccu p ation al
c la s s ific a t io n is b a sed on a u n ifo rm set o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d esig n ed to take
accoun t o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n in d u ties w ith in the sam e job.
O ccu p ation s s e le c te d f o r study a r e lis te d and d e s c r ib e d in appendix B.
U n less o t h e r w is e in d ic a te d , the e a rn in g s data fo llo w in g the job
t it le s a r e fo r a ll in d u s trie s c o m b in e d .
E a rn in g s data fo r som e o f the
o ccu p atio n s lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d , o r fo r s om e in d u s try d iv is io n s w ith in the
sc o p e o f the s u r v e y , a r e not p re s e n te d in th e A - s e r i e s ta b le s b eca u se
e ith e r (1) e m p lo y m e n t in th e occ u p a tio n is too s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data
to m e r it p re s e n ta tio n , o r (2) th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d ivid u al
e s ta b lis h m e n t data.
S e p a ra te m e n 's and w o m e n 's e a rn in g s data a r e not
p re s e n te d w hen th e n u m b er o f w o r k e r s not id e n tifie d by s e x is 20 p e rc e n t
o r m o r e o f th e m en o r w o m e n id e n tifie d in an oc c u p a tio n .
E a rn in g s data
not shown s e p a r a t e ly f o r in d u s try d iv is io n s a r e in clu d ed in data fo r a ll
in d u s trie s c o m b in e d . ‘ L ik e w is e , f o r occu p a tio n s w ith m o r e than one l e v e l,
data a r e in clu d ed in th e o v e r a l l c la s s ific a t io n w hen a s u b c la s s ific a tio n is
not shown o r in fo rm a tio n to s u b c la s s ify is not a v a ila b le .

B u re a u f ie ld r e p r e s e n t a t iv e s ob tain data by p e r s o n a l v is it s at
3 - y e a r in t e r v a ls .
In each o f th e tw o in te rv e n in g y e a r s , in fo rm a tio n on
e m p lo y m e n t and o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s on ly is c o lle c te d by a c o m b in a tio n o f
p e r s o n a l v i s i t , m a il q u e s tio n n a ir e , and te le p h o n e in t e r v ie w f r o m e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts p a r tic ip a tin g in th e p r e v io u s s u r v e y .
A s a m p le o f th e e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the scop e o f the s u r v e y is
s e le c te d f o r study p r i o r to ea c h p e rs o n a l v is it s u rv e y .
T h is s a m p le , le s s
e s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ich go out o f b u s in e s s o r a r e no lo n g e r w ith in th e in d u s tr ia l
s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y , is r e ta in e d f o r the fo llo w in g two annual s u r v e y s .
In
m o s t c a s e s , e s ta b lis h m e n ts n ew to the a r e a a r e not c o n s id e r e d in th e scop e
o f th e s u r v e y u n til th e s e le c t io n o f a s a m p le fo r a p e rs o n a l v is it s u r v e y .
yhe
s a m p lin g p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d e ta ile d s t r a tific a tio n o f a ll
e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in th e s c o p e o f an in d iv id u a l a re a s u r v e y by in d u s try
and n u m b er o f e m p lo y e e s . F r o m th is s tr a tifie d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ility s a m p le
is s e le c t e d , w ith each e s ta b lis h m e n t h a vin g a p re d e te r m in e d ch an ce o f
s e le c tio n .
T o o b ta in o p tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r p r o ­
p o r tio n o f la r g e than s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c te d .
W hen data a r e
co m b in e d , ea c h e s ta b lis h m e n t is w e ig h te d a c c o r d in g to its p r o b a b ility o f
s e le c t io n s o that u n b ia sed e s tim a te s a r e g en e ra ted .
F o r e x a m p le , i f one
out o f fo u r e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c t e d , it is g ive n a w eig h t o f 4 to r e p r e s e n t
i t s e l f plus th r e e o th e r s .
A n a lte r n a te o f the sam e o r ig in a l p r o b a b ility is
c h o se n in the s a m e in d u s t r y - s iz e c la s s ific a t io n if data a r e not a v a ila b le
f r o m the o r ig in a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
I f no su ita b le su b stitu te is a v a ila b le ,
a d d itio n a l w e ig h t is a s s ig n e d to a s a m p le m e m b e r that is s im ila r to the
m is s in g unit.

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a rn in g s data a r e shown fo r fu ll- t im e
w o r k e r s , i. e ., th o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly sched u le.
E arn in gs
data e x c lu d e p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and fo r w o r k on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s ,
and la te s h ifts .
N o n p ro d u c tio n bon uses a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f- liv in g
a llo w a n c e s and in c e n tiv e bon uses a r e in clu d ed .
W e e k ly hours fo r o ffic e
c l e r i c a l and p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l occ u p a tio n s r e f e r to the stan dard
w o rk w e e k (ro u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf hour) fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e
r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r o v e r tim e at r e g u la r
an d/or p r e m iu m r a t e s ).
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s f o r th e s e occu p ation s a r e
rounded to th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
V e r t i c a l lin e s w ith in the d is trib u tio n o f
w o r k e r s on s om e A - t a b le s in d ic a te a chan ge in the s iz e o f th e c la s s in te r v a ls .
T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s in an a re a
at a p a r tic u la r t im e .
C o m p a ris o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a tio n a l a v e ra g e s o v e r
t im e m a y not r e f le c t e x p e c te d w a g e c h an ges. T h e a v e r a g e s for in d ivid u al job s
a r e a ffe c t e d by ch an ges in w a g e s and e m p lo y m e n t p a tte r n s .
F o r e x a m p le ,
p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y h ig h - o r lo w - w a g e f ir m s m ay chan ge, o r
h ig h -w a g e w o r k e r s m a y ad van ce to b e tte r jo b s and be r e p la c e d by new
w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a te s .
Such sh ifts in e m p lo y m e n t could d e c r e a s e an o c c u ­
p a tio n a l a v e r a g e e v e n though m o s t e s ta b lis h m e n ts in an arfea in c r e a s e w a g e s

1 Included in the 75 areas are 5 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas are
Akron, Ohio; Birm ingham , A la .; N o rfo lk —V irg in ia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport New s—Ham pton, V a. —N . C . ;
Poughkeepsie—Kingston— N ew burgh,

N . Y . ; and U tica— Rom e, N . Y .

In addition,

the Bureau conducts more

lim ite d area studies in approxim ately 100 areas at the request o f the Employment Standards Adm inistration of
the U . S.

Departm ent of Labor.




9

du rin g th e y e a r .
C h an ges in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s , shown in ta b le
A - 7 , a r e b e tte r in d ic a to r s o f w a g e tr e n d s than a r e e a rn in g s chan ges fo r
in d iv id u a l jo b s w ith in th e g ro u p s .

E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g
C om pu ter s y s te m s
a n a ly s ts , c la s s e s
A , B , and C
C om pu ter p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c la s s e s A , B , and C
C om pu ter o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s e s A , B , and C

U n s k ille d plant

R e g is t e r e d in d u s tria l
n u rses

A v e r a g e p a y l e v e ls f o r m en and w o m en in s e le c te d o ccu p atio n s
should not be a s s u m ed to r e f le c t d iffe r e n c e s in p a y o f th e s e x e s w ith in
in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
F a c t o r s w h ich m a y c o n trib u te to d iffe r e n c e s
include p r o g r e s s io n w ith in e s ta b lis h e d r a te r a n g e s (o n ly the r a te s p aid
incum bents a r e c o lle c te d ) and p e r fo r m a n c e o f s p e c ific d u ties w ith in the
g e n e ra l s u r v e y job d e s c r ip tio n s . Job d e s c r ip tio n s u sed to c la s s ify e m p lo y e e s
in th es e s u r v e y s u s u a lly a r e m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th o s e u sed in in d iv id u a l
e s ta b lis h m en ts and a llo w f o r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts in
s p e c ific d u ties p e r fo r m e d .

C a r p e n te r s
E le c t r ic ia n s
P a in t e r s
M a c h in is ts
M e c h a n ic s (m a c h in e r y )
M e c h a n ic s (m o to r v e h ic le )
P ip e fitte r s
T o o l and d ie m a k e r s

In d u s tria l n u rses

A v e r a g e e a rn in g s r e f le c t c o m p o s ite , a r e a w id e e s tim a te s . In d u s trie s
and e s ta b lis h m e n ts d if fe r in p a y l e v e l and jo b s ta ffin g , and thus co n trib u te
d iffe r e n t ly to th e e s tim a te s f o r e a c h jo b .
P a y a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f le c t
a c c u r a te ly th e w a g e d if fe r e n t ia l am on g jo b s in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts .

S k ille d m a in te n a n c e

J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and
c le a n e r s
M a t e r ia l handling la b o r e r s

P e r c e n t chan ges fo r i
as fo llo w s :

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t th e to ta l in a ll e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e study and not th e n u m b er a c tu a lly s u rv e y e d .
B ec a u se o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e s am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts d i f f e r , e s tim a te s o f
occu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t ob ta in ed f r o m th e s a m p le o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts studied
s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te th e r e la t iv e im p o rta n c e o f th e jo b s stu d ied .
These
d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e do not a ffe c t m a t e r ia lly th e a c c u r a c y
o f the ea rn in g s data.

a r e a s in th e p r o g r a m

a r e com p u ted

1.

A v e r a g e ea rn in g s a r e com p u ted f o r each occ u p a tio n f o r
the 2 y e a r s bein g c o m p a re d .
T h e a v e r a g e s a r e d e r iv e d
fr o m ea rn in g s in th o s e e s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ich a r e in
the s u rv e y both y e a r s ; it is a s s u m ed that e m p lo y m e n t
re m a in s unchanged.

2.

E ach occu p ation is a s s ig n e d a w e ig h t b a s e d on its p r o ­
p o rtio n a te em p lo ym en t in th e o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p in the
b a se y e a r.

3.

T h e s e w e ig h ts a r e u sed to com p u te g ro u p a v e r a g e s .
E ach o c c u p a tio n 's a v e r a g e e a rn in g s (c o m p u te d in step 1)
is m u ltip lie d by its w e ig h t.
T h e p ro d u c ts a r e to ta le d to
obtain a gro u p a v e r a g e .

4.

T h e ra tio o f grou p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s is
com puted by d iv id in g th e a v e r a g e fo r th e c u r re n t y e a r byf
the a v e r a g e for the e a r l i e r y e a r . T h e r e s u lt— e x p r e s s e d
as a p e rc e n t— le s s 100 is th e p e r c e n t ch an ge.

W a ge tr e n d s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g rou p s
T h e p e rc e n t in c r e a s e s p r e s e n te d in ta b le A - 7 a r e b a sed on chan ges
in a v e r a g e h o u rly e a r n in g s o f m en and w o m en in e s ta b lis h m e n ts r e p o r tin g the
tre n d job s in both th e c u rre n t and p r e v io u s y e a r (m a tc h e d e s ta b lis h m e n ts ).
The data a r e ad ju sted to r e m o v e th e e ffe c ts on a v e r a g e e a rn in g s o f e m p lo y ­
m ent s h ifts am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts and tu r n o v e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts inclu d ed
in s u r v e y s a m p le s .
T h e p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a r e s t ill a ffe c t e d by
fa c to r s o th e r than w a g e in c r e a s e s .
H ir in g s , la y o f f s , and tu r n o v e r m a y a ffe c t
an e s ta b lis h m en t a v e r a g e f o r an occu p a tio n w hen w o r k e r s a r e p aid under
plans p r o v id in g a ra n g e o f w a g e r a te s f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s .
In p e r io d s o f
in c r e a s e d h ir in g , f o r e x a m p le , n ew e m p lo y e e s m a y e n te r at th e b o tto m o f
the r a n g e , d e p r e s s in g the a v e r a g e w ith ou t a chan ge in w a g e r a te s .
T h e p e r c e n t ch an ges r e la t e to w a g e ch an ges b e tw e e n th e in d ic a te d
d ates.
W hen th e t im e span b e tw e e n s u r v e y s is o th e r than 12 m on th s, annual
ra te s a r e shown.
(It is a s s u m ed that w a g e s in c r e a s e at a con stant ra te
b etw een s u r v e y s .)

F o r a m o r e d e ta ile d d e s c r ip tio n o f th e m eth o d u sed to com p u te th e s e
w a g e tr e n d s , s e e "Im p r o v in g A r e a W a g e S u rv e y I n d e x e s ," M o n th ly L a b o r
R e v ie w , January 1973, pp. 52 -57 .

O ccu p ation s u sed to com p u te w a g e tr e n d s a r e :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l

O ffic e c l e r i c a l — C ontinued

S e c r e t a r ie s
S te n o g ra p h e rs , g e n e r a l
S te n o g ra p h e rs , s e n io r
T y p is t s , c la s s e s A
and B
F i l e c le r k s , c la s s e s A ,
B , and C
M essen g ers
S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a to r s

O r d e r c le r k s ,
c la s s e s A and B
A c c o u n tin g c le r k s ,
c la s s e s A and B
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e
o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B
P a y r o l l c le r k s
K e y e n tr y o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s e s A and B




E s ta b lis h m en t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s
T ab u latio n s on s e le c te d e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry
w a g e p r o v is io n s ( B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) a r e not p r e s e n te d in th is b u lle tin .
In fo r ­
m a tio n f o r th es e tab u lation s is c o lle c t e d at 3 - y e a r in t e r v a ls .
T h e s e ta b u ­
la tio n s on m in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s fo r in e x p e r ie n c e d o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; sh ift
d iffe r e n t ia ls ; sch ed u led w e e k ly h o u rs and d a y s; p a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a tio n s ;
and h e a lth , in s u ra n ce , and p e n s io n p la n s a r e p r e s e n te d (in th e B - s e r i e s
ta b le s ) in p re v io u s b u lle tin s fo r th is a r e a .

10

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
in Saginaw, M ich.,1 November 1978
In d u s tr y d iv is io n 2

»L L

D IV IS IO N S

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m e n ts in s c o p e
o f stu d y

------------------------------------------------------------

m a n u f a c t u r in g
--------------------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------------t r a n s p o r t a t io n ,
c o m m u n ic a t io n ,
and
OT HE R P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 5 -----------------------------------W H O L ES A LE T R A D E 6 --------------------------------------------------r e t a il
T R A D E 6 --------------------------------------------------------F I N A N C E . I N S U R A N C E . AND R E AL E S T A T E 6 -----------S E R V I C E S 6 7 ---------------------------------------------------------------

W ith in s c o p e o f stu dy 4
W ith in s c o p e
o f stu dy 1

Stu d ied

S tu d ied
P ercen t

N um ber

4 0 .6 0 8

57

A 6 .070

so

46

17

-

68

40

3 3 . B 62
1 2 .2 0 8

74
26

30*848
9? 7 6 0

50
50
50
50
50

5
7
34
11
11

5
3
19

3.226
837
5 .66 5

6
7

1*492
988

7
2
12
3
2

3 .22 6
515
4.201
1.144
674

H R

1 T h e S a g in a w S ta n d a rd M e tr o p o lita n S ta t is t ic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d b y th e
O f f i c e o f M a n a g e m e n t and D u d get th ro u g h F e b r u a r y
1974, c o n s is ts o f S a g in a w
C o u n ty .
The
"w o rk e rs
w ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y " e s t im a t e s
sh ow n in th is ta b le
p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a te d e s c r ip t io n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s itio n o f th e la b o r
f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y . E s tim a te s a r e not in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , f o r c o m p a r is o n
w ith o t h e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tr e n d s o r l e v e l s s in c e (1 )
p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s e s ta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in
a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r io d s tu d ie d , and (2 ) s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d
f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1972 e d it io n o f th e S ta n d a rd In d u s tr ia l C la s s if ic a t io n
M anual was
u s e d in c l a s s if y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n .
H o w e v e r , a ll g o v e r n m e n t
o p e r a t io n s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
3 In c lu d e s a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e th e m in im u m
lim it a t io n . A l l o u tle ts (w ith in the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in in d u s tr ie s su ch as t r a d e ,




W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts

N u m b e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

.

_100

...

fin a n c e , auto r e p a i r s e r v i c e , and m o tio n p ic t u r e th e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as one
e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 In c lu d e s a ll w o r k e r s in a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t (w ith in
the a r e a ) at o r a b o v e th e m in im u m lim it a t io n .
5 A b b r e v ia t e d to " p u b lic u t i l i t i e s " in th e A - s e r i e s ta b le s .
T a x ic a b s and
s e r v i c e s in c id e n ta l to w a t e r tr a n s p o r t a t io n a r e e x c lu d e d .
S a g in a w 's t r a n s it s y s te m
is m u n ic ip a lly o w n e d and is e x c lu d e d b y d e fin itio n f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e stu dy.
6 S e p a r a te p r e s e n t a t io n o f data is n ot m a d e f o r th is d iv is io n .
7 H o te ls and m o t e ls ; la u n d r ie s and o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ;
a u to m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n t a l, and p a r k in g ; m o tio n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h ip
o r g a n iz a t io n s (e x c lu d in g r e lig io u s and c h a r ita b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); and e n g in e e r in g
and a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

11




Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
T h e p r im a r y p u rp o s e o f p re p a r in g job d e s c r ip tio n s fo r the
B u re a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s is to a s s is t its fie ld s ta ff in c la s s ify in g into
a p p ro p ria te o c c u p a tio n s w o r k e r s who a r e em p lo ye d under a v a r ie t y o f
p a y r o ll t it le s and d iffe r e n t w o r k a r ra n g e m e n ts fr o m e s ta b lis h m en t to
e s ta b lis h m e n t and f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e rm its th e g ro u p in g o f
o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e r a te s r e p r e s e n tin g c o m p a ra b le job content.
B ec a u se
o f th is e m p h a s is on in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t and in te r a r e a c o m p a r a b ilit y o f
o c c u p a tio n a l con ten t, th e B u rea u 's job d e s c r ip tio n s m ay d if fe r s ig n ific a n tly
fr o m th o s e in u se in in d iv id u a l es ta b lis h m en ts o r th o s e p re p a r e d fo r
o th e r p u rp o s e s .
In a p p lyin g th e s e job d e s c r ip tio n s , the B u re a u 's fie ld
e c o n o m is ts a r e in s tru c te d to exclu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p re n tic e s ;
and p a r t - t im e , t e m p o r a r y ,
a n d p ro b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s .
H an dicapped
w o r k e r s w h o s e e a r n in g s a r e red u ced b eca u se o f th e ir handicap a re a ls o
ex c lu d e d .
L e a r n e r s , b e g in n e r s , and t r a in e e s , u n less s p e c ific a lly inclu d ed
in the jo b d e s c r ip tio n , a r e exclu d ed .

Office
SECRETARY

S E C R E T A R Y — C ontinued

A s s ig n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to one in d iv id u a l. M a in ­
ta in s a c lo s e and h ig h ly r e s p o n s iv e r e la tio n s h ip to the d a y -to -d a y w o rk o f the
s u p e r v is o r .
W o r k s f a i r l y in d e p e n d e n tly r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e ta ile d
s u p e r v is io n and g u id a n c e . P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r ic a l and s e c r e t a r ia l d u tie s ,
u s u a lly in c lu d in g m o s t o f the f o llo w in g ;

M a y a ls o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l tasks o f c o m p a ra b le
n a tu re and d iffic u lt y . T h e w o rk ty p ic a lly r e q u ir e s k n o w le d g e o f o ffic e routin e
and u n d erstan d in g o f the o r g a n iz a tio n , p r o g r a m s , and p ro c e d u r e s re la te d to
the w o r k o f the s u p e r v is o r .

E x c lu s io n s
a . R e c e iv e s te le p h o n e c a lls , p e rs o n a l c a lle r s , and in c o m in g m a il,
a n s w e r s ro u tin e in q u ir ie s , and rou tes te c h n ic a l in q u irie s to the p r o p e r
p erso n s;
b.
c.
in s tr u c te d ;

E s ta b lis h e s ,

m a in ta in s ,

and r e v is e s the s u p e r v is o r 's f ile s ;

M a in ta in s the s u p e r v is o r 's

c a le n d a r and m a k es ap p oin tm en ts as

N o t a ll p o s itio n s that a r e title d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the ab ove c h a r ­
a c t e r is t ic s . E x a m p le s o f p o s itio n s w h ich a r e e xclu d ed f r o m the d e fin itio n a re
as fo llo w s :
a.
d e s c r ib e d a b o v e ;
b.

d.

R e la y s m e s s a g e s f r o m

s u p e r v is o r to s u b ord in a tes;

e . R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m em o ra n d a , and r e p o r ts p r e p a r e d b y
o t h e r s f o r the s u p e r v is o r 's s ig n a tu r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and ty p o g ra p h ic
accu racy;
f.

P e r fo r m s

s te n o g r a p h ic and ty p in g w o rk .




s io n a l,

P o s itio n s w h ich

do n o t m e e t

the " p e r s o n a l"

s e cre ta ry

con cep

S te n o g ra p h e rs not f u lly tra in e d in s e c r e t a r ia l- t y p e d u ties;

c . S te n o g ra p h e rs s e r v in g as o ffic e a s s is ta n ts to a group o f p r o f e s ­
te c h n ic a l, o r m a n a g e r ia l p e rs o n s ;

d.
S e c r e t a r y p o s itio n s in w h ich the d u ties a r e e ith e r su b sta n tia l
m o r e ro u tin e o r s u b s ta n tia lly m o r e c o m p le x and r e s p o n s ib le than th ose c h a r ­
a c t e r iz e d in the d e fin itio n ;

SECRETARY— Continued

SECRETARY— Continued
C la s s C

E x c lu s io n s — C ontinued

e.
A s s is ta n t - ty p e p o s itio n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e
1. S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e rs o n w h ose r e s p o n ­
r e s p o n s ib le te c h n ic a l, a d m in is tr a tiv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c l e r i c a l
s ib ilit y is not equ ivalen t to one o f the s p e c ific l e v e l situ a tion s in the d e fin itio n
d u ties w h ich a r e not t y p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r ia l w o rk .
fo r c la s s B , but w h ose o r g a n iz a tio n a l unit n o r m a lly n u m b e rs at le a s t s e v e r a l
d o ze n e m p lo y e e s and is u su ally d iv id e d in to o r g a n iz a tio n a l s e g m e n ts w h ich a r e
o fte n , in tu rn , fu rth e r su b d ivid ed .
In s om e c o m p a n ie s , th is l e v e l in c lu d e s a
NO TE:
T h e t e r m "c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u sed in the l e v e l d e fin itio n s
w id e ra n g e o f o r g a n iz a tio n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly one o r tw o ; o r
fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to th o s e o f f ic ia ls who h ave a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a te w id e
p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r com p a n y a c t iv it ie s .
T h e t it le " v ic e
2. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an in d iv id u a l p lan t, fa c t o r y , e tc . (o r
p re s id e n t, " though n o r m a lly in d ic a tiv e o f th is r o le , d o e s not in a ll c a s e s
o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f ic i a l ) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r than 5, 000
id e n tify such p o s itio n s .
V ic e p r e s id e n ts w h ose p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y is to
p erson s.
act p e r s o n a lly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r tr a n s a c tio n s (e . g . , a p p ro v e o r deny
in d iv id u a l loan o r c r e d it a c tio n s ; a d m in is te r in d iv id u a l tr u s t a ccou n ts; d ir e c t ly
C la s s D
s u p e rv is e a c l e r i c a l s ta ff) a r e not c o n s id e r e d to be " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r
1. S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v is o r o r head o f a s m a ll o r g a n iz a tio n a l unit
p u rp o s es o f a p p lyin g the fo llo w in g le v e l d e fin itio n s .
(e . g . , f e w e r than about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ); 0£
C la s s A
1. S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p re s id e n t o f a com p an y
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

2. S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s t a f f s p e c ia lis t , p r o fe s s io n a l
e m p lo y e e , a d m in is tr a tiv e o f f ic e r , o r a s s is ta n t, s k ille d te c h n ic ia n , o r e x p e r t.
(N O T E :
M any com p a n ie s a s s ig n s te n o g r a p h e r s , r a th e r than s e c r e t a r ie s as
d e s c r ib e d ab ove, to th is l e v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)
STENO G RAPH ER

2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a te o f f i c e r (o th e r than the c h a irm a n o f the
b oa rd o r p r e s id e n t) o f a com p an y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 but fe w e r
than 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to the head, im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the c o r p o r a te o f f ic e r
le v e l, o f a m a jo r s e g m e n t o r s u b s id ia ry o f a com p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll,
o v e r 25,000 p e r s o n s .*
1

C la s s B

P r im a r y duty is to take d ic ta tio n u sin g shorth and , and to t r a n s c r ib e
the d ic ta tio n .
M ay a lso typ e fr o m w r itte n c o p y .
M a y o p e r a te f r o m a s te n o ­
g ra p h ic p oo l.
M ay o c c a s io n a lly t r a n s c r ib e fr o m v o ic e r e c o r d in g s ( i f p r im a r y
duty is tr a n s c r ib in g fr o m r e c o r d in g s ,
s e e T r a n s c r ib in g - M a c h in e T y p is t ).
N O T E : T h is jo b is d is tin g u is h e d f r o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a lly w o rk s in a c o n fid e n tia l r e la tio n s h ip w ith o n ly one m a n a g e r
o r e x e c u tiv e and p e r fo r m s m o r e r e s p o n s ib le and d is c r e t io n a r y ta s k s as
d e s c r ib e d in the s e c r e t a r y job d e fin itio n .

1. S e c r e t a r y to the c h a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p re s id e n t o f a com p an y
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, f e w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a te o f f i c e r (o th e r than th e c h a irm a n o f the
b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t) o f a c om p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r
than 5 ,00 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to the head, im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the o f f ic e r l e v e l , o v e r
e ith e r a m a jo r c o r p o r a tio n w id e fu n c tio n a l a c t iv it y (e . g . , m a r k e tin g , r e s e a r c h ,
o p e r a tio n s , in d u s tr ia l r e la t io n s , e tc .) o r a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a tio n a l
segm e n t (e . g . , a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a rte r s ; a m a jo r d iv is io n ) o f a com p an y that
e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but f e w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p lo y e e s ; o r

S ten og ra p h e r, G e n e r a l

k e ep

D ic ta tio n in v o lv e s a n o r m a l ro u tin e v o c a b u la r y .
M a y m a in ta in f i l e s ,
s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r fo r m o th e r r e l a t i v e l y rou tin e c l e r i c a l ta s k s .
S ten o g ra p h e r, S e n io r

D ic ta tio n in v o lv e s a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l d r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such
as in le g a l b r ie fs o r r e p o r ts on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h .
M a y a ls o set up and
m a in ta in f i l e s , k eep r e c o r d s , e tc .
OR

P e r f o r m s s te n o gra p h ic d u tie s r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n tly g r e a t e r in d e ­
p en d en ce and r e s p o n s ib ilit y than s te n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l, as e v id e n c e d by the
fo llo w in g :
W ork r e q u ir e s a high d e g r e e o f s te n o g r a p h ic s p eed and a c c u r a c y ;
4. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an in d iv id u a l p lan t, f a c t o r y , e tc . (o r
a th orou gh w o rk in g k n ow led ge o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s and o f f ic e p r o c e d u r e ; and
o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f ic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
o f the s p e c ific b u sin ess o p e r a tio n s , o r g a n iz a tio n , p o lic ie s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k flo w , e tc .
U ses th is k n o w le d g e in p e r fo r m in g s te n o g ra p h ic d u tie s and
5.
S e c r e t a r y to the head o f a la r g e and im p o rta n t o r g a n iz a r e sn a ln s ib le c le r ic a l ta s k s such as m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b lin g
tio p o
m a t e r ia l f o r r e p o r ts , m e m o ra n d a , and l e t t e r s ; c o m p o s in g s im p le l e t t e r s
s e gm e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v is o r o f an o r g a n iz a tio n a l s e g m e n t
f r o m g e n e r a l in s tru c tio n s ; re a d in g and ro u tin g in c o m in g m a il; and a n s w e r in g
o fte n in v o lv in g as m an y as s e v e r a l hundred p e r s o n s ) o r a c om p an y that
rou tin e q u e s tio n s , e tc .
e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .




T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E T Y P IS T

MESSENGER

P r i m a r y duty is to ty p e cop y o f v o ic e r e c o r d e d d ic ta tio n w h ich does
not in v o lv e v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such as that used in
le g a l b r ie f s o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h .
M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w r itte n
copy.
M a y m a in ta in f i l e s , k e ep s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r fo r m o th e r r e la t iv e ly
ro u tin e c l e r i c a l ta s k s .
(S e e S ten o g ra p h e r d e fin itio n f o r w o r k e r s in v o lv e d
w ith shorth and d ic ta tio n .)

P e r f o r m s v a r io u s rou tin e duties such as running e rr a n d s , op e ra tin g
m in o r o f f ic e m a c h in e s such as s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , openin g and d is trib u tin g
m a il, and o th e r m in o r c le r ic a l w o rk .
E x c lu d e p o s itio n s that r e q u ir e o p e r a ­
tio n o f a m o to r v e h ic le as a s ig n ific a n t duty.
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s a te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le used w ith a p r iv a t e
b ra n ch exch a n ge (P B X ) s y s te m to r e la y in c o m in g , o u tgo in g , and in tra s y s te m
c a lls .
M a y p r o v id e in fo rm a tio n to c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and tra n s m it m e s s a g e s ,
k e ep r e c o r d o f c a lls p la c e d and t o ll c h a r g e s .
B e s id e s o p e ra tin g a telep h on e
s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le , m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r f o r m rou tin e c l e r i c a l w o rk
(ty p in g o r rou tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y occu p y the m a jo r p o r tio n o f the w o r k e r 's
t im e , and is u s u a lly p e r fo r m e d w h ile at the s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le ).
C h ie f
o r le a d o p e r a to r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one o p e r a to r a re
exclu d ed .
F o r an o p e r a to r who a ls o a cts as a r e c e p tio n is t, s ee Sw itchb oard
O p e r a to r - R e c e p tio n is t.

T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m ak e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls o r to m ak e
out b ills a fte r c a lc u la tio n s h a v e b een m ad e b y an oth er p e rs o n . M a y in clu d e
ty p in g o f s t e n c ils , m a ts , o r s im ila r m a te r ia ls f o r use in d u p lic a tin g p r o c ­
esses.
M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g lit t le s p e c ia l tr a in in g , such as
k e e p in g s im p le r e c o r d s , f ilin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r ts , o r s o rtin g and d is trib u tin g
in c o m in g m a il.
C la s s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g ; T y p in g m a t e r ia l
in fin a l fo r m w hen i t in v o lv e s c om b in in g m a t e r ia l fr o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r c o r r e c t s p e llin g , s y lla b ic a tio n , punctuation, e tc ., o f t e c h ­
n ic a l o r unusual w o r d s o r fo r e ig n lan gu age m a te r ia l; o r plann ing la y ou t and
ty p in g o f c o m p lic a te d s t a t is t ic a l ta b le s to m a in ta in u n ifo r m ity and b a la n ce in
s p a c in g . M a y ty p e ro u tin e fo r m le t t e r s , v a r y in g d e ta ils to suit c ir c u m s ta n c e s .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T IO N IS T
At a
an o p e r a to r —
w o r k in v o lv e s
b u sin ess and
p r ia te p e rs o n
a r ra n g in g an

C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : C o p y ty p in g f r o m
rou gh o r c le a r d r a ft s ; o r rou tin e ty p in g o f fo r m s , in s u ra n ce p o lic ie s , e tc .;
o r s e ttin g up s im p le sta n d a rd ta b u la tio n s; o r c op yin g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s
a lr e a d y s e t up and s p a c ed p r o p e r ly .

ORDER C LE R K
R e c e iv e s w r itte n o r v e r b a l c u s to m e r s ' p u rch a s e o r d e r s fo r m a te r ia l
o r m e r c h a n d is e f r o m c u s to m e rs o r s a le s p e o p le .
W o rk t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s
som e c o m b in a tio n o f th e fo llo w in g d u tie s ;
Q uoting p r ic e s ; d e te rm in in g a v a i l ­
a b ility o f o r d e r e d ite m s and s u g g e s tin g su b stitu tes when n e c e s s a r y ; ad visin g
e x p e c te d d e liv e r y d ate and m ethod o f d e liv e r y ; r e c o r d in g o r d e r and c u s to m e r
in fo rm a tio n on o r d e r
sh eets; c h eck in g o r d e r sh eets fo r a c c u r a c y and
ad equ acy o f in fo rm a tio n r e c o r d e d ; a s c e r ta in in g c r e d it ratin g o f c u s to m e r;
fu rn is h in g c u s to m e r w ith ac k n o w le d g e m e n t o f r e c e ip t o f o r d e r ; fo llo w in g -u p
to s e e that o r d e r is d e liv e r e d b y the s p e c ifie d date o r to le t c u s to m e r know
o f a d e la y in d e liv e r y ; m a in ta in in g o r d e r f i l e ; ch eck in g shipping in v o ic e
a g a in s t o r ig in a l o r d e r .

F IL E C L E R K
F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r ie v e s m a t e r ia l in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g
s y s te m . M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and m anu al task s r e q u ire d to m a in ta in f i l e s .
P o s it io n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A . C l a s s if ie s and in d e x e s f i l e m a t e r ia l such as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , te c h n ic a l d o c u m e n ts , e tc ., in an e s ta b lis h e d f ilin g s y s te m
c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b je ct m a tte r f ile s .
M a y a ls o f i l e th is
m a t e r ia l.
M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p es in con ju n ction w ith the f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a ll g ro u p o f lo w e r l e v e l f i l e c le r k s .

E x c lu d e w o r k e r s p aid on a c o m m is s io n b a s is o r w h ose duties
in clu d e any o f th e fo llo w in g :
R e c e iv in g o r d e r s fo r s e r v ic e s r a th e r than fo r
m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e ; p r o v id in g c u s to m e rs w ith con su lta tiv e a d v ic e
u sing k n o w le d g e ga in ed f r o m e n g in e e rin g o r e x te n s iv e te c h n ic a l tra in in g ;
e m p h a s iz in g s e llin g s k ills ; handling m a t e r ia l o r m e rc h a n d is e as an in t e g r a l
p a rt o f th e jo b .

C la s s B.
S o r t s , c o d e s , and f ile s u n c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l b y s im p le
(s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d in g s o r p a r t ly c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l b y f in e r su b head ings.
P r e p a r e s s im p le r e la te d in d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s .
A s re q u e s te d ,
lo c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n t ifie d m a t e r ia l in f ile s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l.
M ay
p e rfo r m
r e la te d c l e r i c a l ta s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v ic e f i l e s .

P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s :

C la s s C .
P e r f o r m s ro u tin e filin g o f m a t e r ia l that has a lr e a d y b een
c la s s i fi e d o r w h ich is e a s i l y c la s s ifie d in a s im p le s e r ia l c la s s ific a t io n
s y s te m (e . g . , a lp h a b e tic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r n u m e r ic a l).
As
re q u e s te d ,
lo c a t e s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a t e r ia l in f ile s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia ls ; and m a y
f i l l out w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e .
M a y p e r fo r m s im p le c l e r ic a l and m an u al tasks
r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v ic e f i l e s .




s in g le -p o s itio n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le , acts both as
s e e S w itch b oa rd O p e ra to r — and as a r e c e p tio n is t. R e ce p tio n is t's
such du ties as g r e e tin g v is it o r s ; d e te rm in in g nature o f v is ito r 's
p r o v id in g a p p ro p ria te in fo rm a tio n ; r e f e r r i n g v is it o r to a p p r o ­
in th e o r g a n iz a tio n o r c on ta ctin g that p e rs o n by telep h on e and
ap p oin tm en t; k e ep in g a lo g o f v is it o r s .

are

c la s s ifie d

into

le v e l s

a c c o r d in g

to

the

fo llo w in g

C la s s A .
H a n d les o r d e r s that in v o lv e m ak in g ju d gm ents such as
c h o osin g w h ich s p e c ific p ro d u c t o r m a t e r ia l fr o m th e e s ta b lis h m e n t's p rod u ct
lin e s w i l l s a tis fy th e c u s to m e r 's n e e d s , o r d e te rm in in g the p r ic e to be
quoted w h en p r ic in g in v o lv e s m o r e than m e r e ly r e f e r r i n g to a p r ic e lis t o r
m ak in g s om e s im p le m a th e m a tic a l c a lc u la tio n s .

15

ORDER C L E R K — Continued

B O O K K E E PIN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R — Continued

C la s s B . H an d les o r d e r s in v o lv in g ite m s w h ich h ave r e a d ily id e n ­
t if ie d uses and a p p lic a tio n s .
M a y r e f e r to a c a ta lo g , m a n u fa c tu r e r 's m anual,
o r s im ila r docum ent to in s iir e that p r o p e r ite m is s u p p lied o r to v e r i f y
p r ic e o f o r d e r e d ite m .

c o s t d is trib u tio n , exp en se d is trib u tio n , in v e n to r y c o n tr o l, e tc .
o r a s s is t in p re p a ra tio n o f t r i a l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n tr o l
the accou n ting d ep a rtm en t.
M A C H IN E B IL L E R

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K
P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e a ccou n tin g c le r i c a l ta s k s such as p o s tin g to
r e g is t e r s and le d g e r s ; r e c o n c ilin g bank a ccou n ts; v e r if y in g th e in te rn a l c o n ­
s is te n c y , c o m p le te n e s s , and m a th e m a tic a l a c c u r a c y o f accou n tin g d ocu m en ts;
a s s ig n in g p r e s c r ib e d accou n tin g d is trib u tio n c o d e s ; ex a m in in g and v e r ify in g
fo r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty p e s o f r e p o r t s , lis t s , c a lc u la tio n s , p o s tin g ,
e tc .; o r p r e p a r in g s im p le o r a s s is tin g in p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p lic a te d jo u rn a l
v o u c h e rs .
M a y w o r k in e ith e r a m anual o r au tom ated a ccou n tin g s y s te m .
T h e w o r k r e q u ir e s a k n o w le d g e o f c l e r i c a l m eth od s and o f f ic e p r a c ­
t ic e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h ich r e la t e s to th e c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s in g and r e c o r d in g
o f tr a n s a c tio n s and accou n tin g in fo rm a tio n .
W ith e x p e r ie n c e , the w o r k e r
ty p ic a lly b e c o m e s f a m ilia r w ith th e b o o k k e e p in g and a ccou n tin g te r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s u sed in th e a s s ig n e d w o r k , but is not r e q u ir e d to h ave a k n o w le d g e
o f th e fo r m a l p r in c ip le s o f b oo k k eep in g and a ccou n tin g .
P o s itio n s a r e c la s s ifie d
d e fin itio n s :

into

le v e ls

on th e b a s is o f the

fo llo w in g

C la s s A .
U n der g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s accou n ting c l e r i c a l
o p e ra tio n s w h ich r e q u ir e th e a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m e n t, fo r
e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s in g c o m p lic a te d or n o n r e p e titiv e a ccou n tin g t r a n s ­
a c tio n s , s e le c tin g am ong a s u b stan tial v a r ie t y o f p r e s c r ib e d accou n tin g c od es
and c la s s ific a t io n s , o r t r a c in g tr a n s a c tio n s th ro u gh p re v io u s accou n ting
actio n s to d e te rm in e s o u r c e o f d is c r e p a n c ie s .
M a y be a s s is te d by one o r
m o r e c la s s B accou n tin g c le r k s .
C la s s B . U n der c lo s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s
and s ta n d a rd ize d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e ro u tin e accou n tin g c l e r ­
ic a l o p e r a tio n s , such as p o s tin g to le d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o rk s h e e ts w h e r e
id e n tific a tio n o f ite m s and lo c a tio n s o f p o s tin g s a r e c le a r ly in d ica ted ;
ch eck in g a c c u r a c y and c o m p le te n e s s o f 's ta n d a r d iz e d and r e p e t it iv e r e c o r d s
o r accou n tin g d ocu m en ts; and cod in g d ocu m en ts u sin g a fe w p r e s c r ib e d
accoun ting c o d e s .
B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s a b o o k k eep in g m a c h in e (w ith o r w ith ou t a t y p e w r it e r k e y ­
b oard ) to k e ep a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s tr a n s a c tio n s .
C la s s A . K e e p s a set o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n o w led g e o f and
e x p e rie n c e in b a s ic b o o k k e e p in g p r in c ip le s , and f a m ilia r it y w ith th e s tru c tu re
o f th e p a r tic u la r a ccou n tin g s y s te m u sed .
D e te r m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d is trib u tio n o f d eb it and c r e d it ite m s to be u sed in each ph ase o f the w o rk .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e ts , and o th e r r e c o r d s by hand.
C la s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h ases o r s e c tio n s o f a
set o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly r e q u ir in g lit t le k n o w le d g e o f b a s ic b oo k k e e p in g .
P h a s e s o r s e c tio n s in clu d e accou n ts p a y a b le , p a y r o ll, c u s t o m e r s 1 accoun ts
(not in clu d in g a s im p le ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d u n der m ach in e b i l l e r ) ,




M a y ch e c k
s h eets fo r

P r e p a r e s s ta te m e n ts , b ills , and in v o ic e s on a m a c h in e o th e r than
an o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a t ic t y p e w r it e r . M a y a ls o k eep r e c o r d s as to b illin g s
o r shipping c h a rg e s o r p e r fo r m o th e r c l e r i c a l w o r k in c id e n ta l to b illin g
o p e r a tio n s .
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , m a ch in e b i l l e r s a r e c la s s ifie d by ty p e
o f m a c h in e , as fo llo w s :
B illin g -m a c h in e b ille r .
U s e s a s p e c ia l b illin g m a c h in e (c o m b in a tio n
ty p in g and adding m ach in e) to p r e p a r e b ills and in v o ic e s f r o m c u s to m e r s '
p u rch a s e o r d e r s , in te r n a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , sh ip p in g m e m o r a n d a , e tc .
U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a tio n o f p r e d e te r m in e d d isco u n ts and ship p ing c h a r g e s
and e n tr y o f n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y not be com p u ted on
the b illin g m ach in e, and to ta ls w h ich a r e a u to m a tic a lly a c c u m u la te d by
m a ch in e.
The o p e ra tio n u su ally in v o lv e s a la r g e n u m b er o f c a rb o n c o p ie s
o f th e b i l l being p re p a r e d and is o fte n done on a fa n fo ld m a c h in e .
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e b i l l e r .
U s e s a b oo k k eep in g m a c h in e (w ith o r
w ith out a t y p e w r ite r k eyb oa rd ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s as p a r t o f the
accou n ts r e c e iv a b le o p e ra tion . G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s th e sim u lta n eo u s e n tr y o f
fig u r e s on c u s to m e rs ' le d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u to m a tic a lly a c c u m u la te s
fig u r e s on a nu m ber o f v e r t ic a l colu m n s and com p u tes and u s u a lly p rin ts
a u to m a tic a lly the debit o r c r e d it b a la n c e s .
D oes not in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e
o f b oo k k eep in g.
W o rk s f r o m u n ifo r m and stan dard ty p e s o f s a le s and
c r e d it s lip s .
P A Y R O L L CLERK
P e r fo r m s the c le r ic a l ta s k s n e c e s s a r y to p r o c e s s p a y r o lls and to
m ain ta in p a y r o ll r e c o r d s .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
P r o c e s s in g
w o r k e r s ' tim e o r p ro d u ction r e c o r d s ; ad ju stin g w o r k e r s ' r e c o r d s f o r chan ges
in w a g e r a te s , s u p p lem en ta ry b e n e fits , o r ta x d e d u ctio n s ; e d itin g p a y r o ll
lis tin g s again st s o u rc e r e c o r d s ; tr a c in g and c o r r e c t in g e r r o r s in lis tin g s ;
and a s s is tin g in p re p a r a tio n o f p e r io d ic s u m m a r y p a y r o ll r e p o r t s .
In a non au tom ated p a y r o ll s y s te m , com p u tes w a g e s .
W o rk m a y r e q u ir e a p r a c t ic a l
k n o w led g e o f g o v e rn m e n ta l r e g u la tio n s , com p a n y p a y r o ll p o lic y , o r th e
c o m p u te r s y s te m fo r p r o c e s s in g p a y r o lls .
KEY E N TR Y O PERATO R
O p e ra te s a keypunch m a c h in e to r e c o r d o r v e r i f y a lp h a b e tic an d/or
n u m e ric data on tab u la tin g c a rd s o r on ta p e .
P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s .

a r e c la s s ifie d

into

le v e l s

on th e b a s is o f the

fo llo w in g

C la ss A .
W o rk r e q u ir e s th e a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d gm en t
in s e le c tin g p ro c e d u r e s to be fo llo w e d and in s e a rc h in g f o r , in t e r p r e tin g ,
s e le c tin g , or cod in g ite m s to be k eypun ch ed f r o m a v a r ie t y o f s o u r c e d o c u ­
m en ts .
On o c c a s io n m a y a lso p e r f o r m s o m e ro u tin e keypunch w o rk .
M ay
t r a in in e x p e r ie n c e d keypunch o p e r a t o r s .

K E Y E N T R Y O P E R A T O R — Continued

C O M PU TE R SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS— Continued

C la s s B .
W o r k is ro u tin e and r e p e t it iv e .
U nder c lo s e s u p e rv is io n
o r fo llo w in g s p e c ific p r o c e d u r e s o r in s tru c tio n s , w o rk s f r o m v a r io u s s ta n ­
d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d oc u m e n ts w h ich h a ve been cod ed , and fo llo w s s p e c ifie d
p r o c e d u r e s w h ich h a ve b een p r e s c r ib e d in d e ta il and r e q u ir e lit t le o r no
s e le c t in g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e tin g o f data to be r e c o r d e d .
R e fe r s to s u p e r ­
v is o r p r o b le m s a r is in g f r o m
e rro n e o u s ite m s or co d e s o r m is s in g
in fo r m a tio n .

typ es o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d ocu m ents to b e u sed ; ou tlin es a ction s to be
p e r fo r m e d b y p e rs o n n e l and c o m p u te rs in s u ffic ie n t d e ta il fo r p re s e n ta tio n
to m an a g em en t and fo r p r o g r a m m in g (t y p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p re p a r a tio n o f
w o r k and data flo w c h a r ts ); c o o rd in a te s the d e v e lo p m e n t o f te s t p ro b le m s
and p a r tic ip a te s in t r i a l runs o f n ew and r e v is e d s y s te m s ; and rec o m m e n d s
equipm en t chan ges to ob ta in m o r e e f fe c t iv e o v e r a l l o p e ra tio n s .
(N O T E :
W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p ro g r a m m in g should be
c la s s ifie d as s y s te m s an a lys ts i f th is is th e s k ill used to d e te rm in e
t h e ir p a y .)

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a te s one o r a v a r ie t y o f m ach in es such as th e ta b u la to r , c a lc u ­
la t o r , c o lla t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , s o r t e r , re p ro d u c in g punch, e tc .
E x c lu d e d f r o m
th is d e fin itio n a r e w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r s .
A ls o exclu d ed a r e o p e r a to r s o f
e le c t r o n ic d ig it a l c o m p u te r s , e v en though th ey m a y a ls o o p e r a te e le c t r ic
a c c o u n tin g m a c h in e eq u ip m en t.

D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s ib le fo r th e m a n a g e ­
m ent o r s u p e rv is io n o f o th e r e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r s y s ­
te m s a n a ly s ts p r im a r ily c o n c e rn e d w ith s c ie n tific o r e n g in e e rin g p ro b le m s .

P o s itio n s a r e
d e fin it io n s .

C la s s A . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n der o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s in v o lv in g a ll p h ases o f s y s te m s a n a ly s is .
P r o b le m s a re
c o m p le x b e ca u s e o f d iv e r s e s o u r c e s o f input data and m u ltip le -u s e r e q u i r e ­
m en ts o f output data. ( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in te g r a te d p ro d u ction s c h e d ­
u lin g , in v e n to r y c o n tr o l, c ost a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in w h ich
e v e r y ite m o f each ty p e is a u to m a tic a lly p r o c e s s e d th rou gh the fu ll s y s te m
o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r ia te fo llo w u p a c tio n s a r e in itia te d by the c om p u ter.)
C o n fe rs w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e rn e d to d e te rm in e the data p r o c e s s in g p ro b le m s
and a d v is e s s u b je c t-m a tte r p e rs o n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s o f new o r r e v is e d
s y s te m s o f data p r o c e s s in g o p e r a tio n s .
M a k e s re c o m m e n d a tio n s , if n eed ed ,
fo r a p p ro v a l o f m a jo r s y s te m s in s ta lla tio n s o r chan ges and fo r obtaining
e q u ip m e n t.

c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the

b a sis o f

th e

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , s y s te m s a n a ly s ts a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

fo llo w in g

C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s c o m p le te r e p o r tin g and ta b u la tin g a s s ig n m e n ts
in clu d in g d e v is in g d iffic u lt c o n tr o l p a n el w ir in g under g e n e r a l s u p e rv is io n .
A s s ig n m e n ts t y p ic a lly in v o lv e a v a r ie t y o f lon g and c o m p le x r e p o r ts w h ich
o fte n a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r in g , r e q u irin g s om e plan n in g o f th e n a tu re
and se q u e n c in g o f o p e r a tio n s , and th e use o f a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s .
Is
t y p ic a lly in v o lv e d in tr a in in g n ew o p e r a to r s in m ach in e o p e ra tio n s o r tr a in in g
lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g f r o m d ia g ra m s and in the o p e r a tin g s e q u en ces
o f lo n g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D oes not inclu d e p o s itio n s in w h ich w ir in g
r e s p o n s ib ilit y is l im it e d to s e le c tio n and in s e r tio n o f p r e w ir e d b o a rd s .

M a y p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l
who a r e a s s ig n e d to a s s is t.

C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d in g to e s ta b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and
u n d er s p e c ific in s tr u c tio n s .
A s s ig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e c o m p le te but r o u ­
tin e and r e c u r r in g r e p o r t s o r p a r ts o f la r g e r and m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r ts .
O p e r a te s m o r e d iffic u lt ta b u la tin g o r e le c t r ic a l accou n ting m a c h in e s such as
th e ta b u la to r and c a lc u la t o r , in a d d ition to the s im p le r m a c h in e s u sed by
c la s s C o p e r a t o r s .
M a y be r e q u ir e d to do som e w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s .
M a y t r a in n e w e m p lo y e e s in b a s ic m ach in e o p e ra tio n s .

d ir e c tio n

to lo w e r l e v e l

s y s te m s an alysts

C la s s B .
W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n der on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
p r o b le m s that a r e r e la t iv e ly u n c o m p lic a te d to a n a ly z e , plan, p r o g r a m , and
o p e r a te .
P r o b le m s a r e o f lim it e d c o m p le x ity b e ca u s e s o u rc e s o f input data
a r e h o m o gen eo u s and th e output data a r e c lo s e ly r e la te d .
( F o r e x a m p le ,
d e v e lo p s s y s te m s fo r m a in ta in in g d e p o s ito r accou n ts in a bank, m ain ta in in g
accou n ts r e c e iv a b le in a r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n t, o r m a in ta in in g in v e n to ry
accoun ts in a m a n u fa c tu rin g o r w h o le s a le e s ta b lis h m e n t.)
C o n fe rs w ith p e r ­
sons c o n c e rn e d to d e te r m in e th e data p r o c e s s in g p ro b le m s and a d v is e s
s u b je c t-m a tte r p e r s o n n e l on th e im p lic a tio n s o f th e data p r o c e s s in g s y s te m s
to be a p p lie d .

C la s s C.
U n d e r s p e c ific in s tru c tio n s , o p e ra te s s im p le ta b u la tin g
o r e l e c t r i c a l ac c o u n tin g m a c h in e s such as the s o r t e r , in t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o ­
d u cin g punch, c o l l a t o r , e tc .
A s s ig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e p o r tio n s o f a
w o r k u n it, fo r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r tin g o r c o lla tin g ru ns, o r r e p e t it iv e
o p e r a tio n s .
M ay p e r fo r m
s im p le w ir in g fr o m d ia g r a m s , and do s o m e
f ilin g w o rk .

OR

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U SINE SS

W o rk s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s in g sch em e or s y s te m ,
as d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A .
W o rk s in d ep en d en tly on rou tin e ass ign m e n ts and
r e c e iv e s in s tru c tio n and gu id an ce on c o m p le x a s s ig n m e n ts . W o rk is r e v ie w e d
f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t, c o m p lia n c e w ith in s tr u c tio n s , and to in su re p ro p e r
a lig n m e n t w ith the o v e r a l l s y s te m .

A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b le m s to fo r m u la te p r o c e d u r e s fo r s o lv in g
th e m b y use o f e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g equ ip m en t.
D e v e lo p s a c o m p le te
d e s c r ip t io n o f a ll s p e c ific a tio n s n e e d e d to enable p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u ir e d d ig it a l c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s .
W o rk in v o lv e s m ost o f th e f o llo w in g ;
A n a ly z e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r o p e r a tio n s to be au tom ated and id e n tifie s c o n d itio n s
and c r i t e r i a r e q u ir e d to a c h ie v e s a tis fa c to r y r e s u lts ; s p e c ifie s n u m b er and

C la s s C . W o r k s u n der im m e d ia te s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y in g out a n a ly ­
ses as a s s ig n e d , u s u a lly o f a s in g le a c t iv it y .
A s s ig n m e n ts a re d e sig n e d to
d e v e lo p and expand p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e in th e a p p lic a tio n o f p ro c e d u r e s and
s k ills r e q u ir e d fo r s y s te m s a n a ly s is w o rk . F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s is t a h ig h e r
l e v e l s y s te m s a n a lys t b y p r e p a r in g th e d e ta ile d s p e c ific a tio n s r e q u ire d by
p r o g r a m m e r s f r o m in fo r m a tio n d e v e lo p e d by th e h ig h e r l e v e l an a lyst.

Professional and Technical




17

C O M PU TE R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS

C O M P U T E R PR O G R AM M E R , BUSINESS— Continued

C o n v e r ts s ta te m e n ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b le m s , t y p ic a lly p r e p a r e d by a
s y s te m s a n a ly s t, into a s e q u e n c e o f d e ta ile d in s tr u c tio n s w h ich a r e r e q u ir e d
to s o lv e th e p r o b le m s b y a u to m a tic data p r o c e s s in g e qu ip m en t. W o rk in g f r o m
c h a rts o r d ia g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s th e p r e c is e in s tru c tio n s w h ich ,
w hen e n te re d into th e c o m p u te r s y s te m in cod ed la n g u a g e , cau se th e m a n ip u ­
la tio n o f data to a c h ie v e d e s ir e d r e s u lt s . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g :
A p p lie s k n o w le d g e o f c o m p u te r c a p a b ilit ie s , m a th e m a tic s , lo g ic e m p lo y e d by
c o m p u te rs , and p a r t ic u la r s u b je ct m a tte r in v o lv e d to a n a ly z e c h a rts and
d ia g ra m s o f th e p r o b le m to be p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s s e q u e n c e o f p r o g r a m
s te p s; w r it e s d e ta ile d f lo w c h a r ts to show o r d e r in w h ich data w i l l be
p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r ts th e s e c h a r ts to co d e d in s tru c tio n s f o r m a c h in e to fo llo w ;
t e s ts and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s tru c tio n s f o r o p e r a tin g p e r s o n n e l
d u rin g p ro d u c tio n run; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lt e r s p r o g r a m s to in c r e a s e
o p e r a tin g e ffic ie n c y o r adapt to n ew r e q u ir e m e n ts ; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t and r e v is io n s .
(N O T E :
W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g both
s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g should be c la s s ifie d as s y s te m s a n a ly s ts
i f th is is th e s k ill u sed to d e te r m in e th e ir p a y .)

input data w h ich a r e r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m erou s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the data h a ve been r e fin e d in p r i o r a c tio n s so that th e a c c u r a c y
and sequ en cin g o f data can be te s te d b y u sin g a fe w rou tin e c h e c k s . T y p ic a lly ,
th e p r o g r a m d ea ls w ith rou tin e r e c o r d k e e p in g o p e r a tio n s .
OR
W o rk s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A ) u n der c lo s e
d ir e c tio n o f a h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s is t h ig h e r
l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r by in d ep en d en tly p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d ,
and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt ta s k s u n der f a i r l y c lo s e d ir e c tio n .
M a y guide o r in s tru c t lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s C . M ak es p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t ic e s
and c o n ce p ts u s u a lly le a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a in in g c o u r s e s .
A s s ig n m e n ts a r e
d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e te n c e in th e a p p lic a tio n o f stan d a rd p r o c e d u r e s to
rou tin e p r o b le m s . R e c e iv e s c lo s e s u p e r v is io n on new a s p e c ts o f a s s ig n m e n ts ;
and w o r k is r e v ie w e d to v e r i f y its a c c u r a c y and c o n fo rm a n c e w ith r e q u ir e d
p ro c ed u re s .

D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s ib le f o r th e m a n a g e ­
m ent o r s u p e r v is io n o f o th e r e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o ­
g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n t ific an d/or e n g in e e rin g p r o b le m s .

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s ,

p ro gra m m ers

CO M PU TER O PERATO R

a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s

M o n ito r s and o p e r a te s th e c o n tr o l c o n s o le o f a d ig it a l c o m p u te r to
p r o c e s s data a c c o rd in g to o p e r a tin g in s tr u c tio n s , u s u a lly p r e p a r e d by a p r o ­
g ra m m er.
W o rk in clu d es m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : S tu dies in s tr u c tio n s to
d e te r m in e equipm ent setup and o p e r a tio n s ; lo a d s equ ip m en t w ith r e q u ir e d
ite m s (ta p e r e e ls , c a r d s , e tc .); s w itc h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia r y equ ip m en t into
c ir c u it , and s ta rts and o p e r a te s c o m p u te r; m a k es a d ju s tm e n ts to c o m p u te r to
c o r r e c t o p e ra tin g p r o b le m s and m e e t s p e c ia l c o n d itio n s ; r e v ie w s e r r o r s m ad e
d u rin g o p e ra tio n and d e te rm in e s c a u se o r r e f e r s p r o b le m to s u p e r v is o r o r
p r o g r a m m e r ; and m ain ta in s o p e r a tin g r e c o r d s .
M a y te s t and a s s is t in
c o r r e c t in g p r o g r a m .

C la s s A .
W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n der o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s w h ich r e q u ir e c o m p e te n c e in a ll p h a ses o f p r o g r a m m in g
con cep ts and p r a c t ic e s .
W o r k in g f r o m d ia g r a m s and c h a r ts w h ich id e n tify
th e n ature o f d e s ir e d r e s u lt s , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g steps to be a c c o m p lis h e d ,
and th e re la tio n s h ip s b e tw e e n v a r io u s steps o f th e p r o b le m s o lv in g ro u tin e ;
plan s the fu ll ra n g e o f p r o g r a m m in g a c tio n s n e e d e d to e ffic ie n t ly u t iliz e th e
c om p u te r s y s te m in a c h ie v in g d e s ir e d end p ro d u c ts .

A t th is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m in g is d iffic u lt b e c a u s e c o m p u te r equ ip m en t
m ust be o r g a n iz e d to p ro d u c e s e v e r a l in t e r r e la t e d but d iv e r s e p ro d u c ts f r o m
n u m erou s and d i v e r s e d ata e le m e n ts .
A w id e v a r ie t y and e x te n s iv e n u m b er
o f in te rn a l p r o c e s s in g a c tio n s m ust o c c u r .
T h is r e q u ir e s such a c tio n s as
d e ve lo p m e n t o f com m o n o p e r a tio n s w h ich can be r e u s e d , e s ta b lis h m e n t o f
lin k a g e p oin ts b e tw e e n o p e r a tio n s , a d ju s tm e n ts to data w h en p r o g r a m r e q u i r e ­
m en ts e x c e e d c o m p u te r s to r a g e c a p a c ity , and s u b s ta n tia l m a n ip u la tio n and
res e q u e n c in g o f data e le m e n ts to f o r m a h ig h ly in te g r a te d p r o g r a m .

M a y p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l
a r e a s s ig n e d to a s s is t.

For

c o m p u te r

o p e r a to r s

are

c la s s ifie d

as

C lass A . O p e ra te s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n ,
a c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s :
N e w p r o g r a m s a r e fre q u e n tly te s te d and in tro d u c e d ; s c h e d u lin g r e q u ir e m e n ts
a r e o f c r it ic a l im p o rta n c e to m in im iz e d o w n tim e ; th e p r o g r a m s a r e o f
c o m p le x d e sig n so that id e n tific a tio n o f e r r o r s o u r c e ofte n r e q u ir e s a w o rk in g
k n o w le d g e o f the to ta l p r o g r a m , and a lte r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y not be a v a ila b le .
M a y g iv e d ir e c tio n and gu id an ce to lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .

d ir e c t io n to lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s who

C la s s B . O p e ra te s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n der o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n ,
a c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s ;
M o s t o f th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s ta b lis h e d p ro d u c tio n ru n s, t y p ic a lly run on a
r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; th e r e is l i t t l e o r no te s tin g o f n ew p r o g r a m s
r e q u ir e d ; a lte r n a te p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v id e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m n eed s
m a jo r change o r cannot be c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b ly s h o rt t im e .
In

C la s s B . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n der o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
r e la t iv e ly s im p le p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le s e g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n ts ) u s u a lly p r o c e s s in fo rm a tio n to p ro d u c e data in tw o
o r th r e e v a r ie d s e q u e n c e s o r fo r m a t s .
R e p o r t s and lis tin g s a r e p ro d u c e d by
r e fin in g , a d ap tin g, a r r a y in g , o r m a k in g m in o r ad d ition s to o r d e le tio n s fr o m




w a g e study p u r p o s e s ,

fo llo w s :

18

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — Continued

D R A F T E R -T R A C E R

c o m m o n e r r o r s itu a tio n s , d ia g n o s e s cau se and tak es c o r r e c t iv e a c tio n .
T h is
u s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p ly in g p r e v io u s ly p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t iv e s te p s , o r u sing
sta n d a rd c o r r e c t io n te c h n iq u e s .

C o p ie s
c lo th o r p a p e r
in clu d e t r a c in g
la r g e s c a le not

p lan s and d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d by o th e rs by p la c in g tr a c in g
o v e r d ra w in g s and tr a c in g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
(D oes not
lim ite d to plan s p r i m a r i l y c o n s is tin g o f stra igh t lin e s and a
r e q u ir in g c lo s e d e lin e a tio n .)

OR
O p e r a te s u n der d ir e c t s u p e rv is io n a com p u ter running p r o g r a m s o r
s e g m e n ts o f p r o g r a m s w ith th e c h a r a c t e r is t ic s d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A .
M ay
a s s is t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a to r by in d ep en d en tly p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt task s
a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt task s fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s and
w ith fre q u e n t r e v ie w o f o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d .

C la s s C .
W o r k s on rou tin e p r o g r a m s under c lo s e s u p e rv is io n .
Is
e x p e c te d to d e v e lo p w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f th e com p u ter equ ip m en t u sed and
a b ilit y to d e te c t p r o b le m s in v o lv e d in running rou tin e p r o g r a m s .
U s u a lly has
r e c e i v e d s o m e f o r m a l t r a in in g in c om p u te r o p e ra tio n .
M a y a s s is t h ig h e r
l e v e l o p e r a to r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
D RAFTER
C la s s A .
P la n s th e g ra p h ic p re s e n ta tio n o f c o m p le x ite m s havin g
d is t in c t iv e d e s ig n fe a tu r e s that d if fe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m e s ta b lis h e d d ra ftin g
p r e c e d e n ts .
W o r k s in c lo s e su p p ort w ith th e d esig n o r ig in a t o r , and m a y
r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n ge s .
A n a ly z e s the e ffe c t o f each chan ge on the
d e ta ils o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , and p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s o f com p on en ts and
p a r t s . W o rk s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is ta n c e . C o m p le te d w o r k is
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r f o r c o n s is te n c y w ith p r io r e n g in e e rin g d e t e r ­
m in a tio n s . M a y e ith e r p r e p a r e d ra w in g s o r d ir e c t th e ir p r e p a r a tio n by lo w e r
l e v e l d r a ft e r s .
C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s n o n rou tin e and c o m p le x d ra ftin g a s s ig n m e n ts
th at r e q u ir e th e a p p lic a tio n o f m o s t o f th e sta n d a rd ize d d ra w in g te c h n iq u e s
r e g u la r ly u sed .
D u tie s t y p ic a lly in v o lv e such w o rk as:
P r e p a r e s w o rk in g
d ra w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith .ir r e g u la r sh ap es, m u ltip le fu n c tio n s , and
p r e c i s e p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s b etw een com p on en ts; p r e p a r e s a r c h ite c tu r a l
d ra w in g s f o r c o n s tru c tio n o f a b u ild in g in clu d in g d e ta il d ra w in g s o f fo u n ­
d a tio n s , w a ll s e c t io n s , f l o o r p la n s , and r o o f.
U s e s a c c e p te d fo r m u la s and
m a n u a ls in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y com p u tation s to d e te rm in e q u a n titie s o f
m a t e r ia ls to be u s e d , lo a d c a p a c itie s , s tre n g th s , s t r e s s e s , e tc .
R e c e iv e s
in it ia l in s tr u c tio n s , r e q u ir e m e n t s , and a d v ic e fr o m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le te d
w o r k is c h e c k ed f o r t e c h n ic a l ad equ acy.
C la s s C .
P r e p a r e s d e ta il d ra w in g s o f s in g le units o r p a r ts fo r
e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tr u c tio n , m a n u fa c tu rin g , o r r e p a ir p u r p o s e s .
T ypes of
d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e is o m e t r ic p r o je c t io n s (d e p ic tin g th r e e d im e n s io n s
in a c c u r a te s c a le ) and s e c t io n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s itio n in g o f com p on en ts
and c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a tio n .
C o n s o lid a te s d e ta ils f r o m a n u m b er o f
s o u r c e s and a d ju s ts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ir e d .
S u gg e sted m eth od s o f
a p p ro a c h , a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v ic e on so u rc e m a te r ia ls a r e g iv e n
w ith in it ia l a s s ig n m e n ts .
In s tru c tio n s a r e le s s c o m p le te w hen a s s ig n m e n ts
recu r.
W o r k m a y be s p o t-c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .




AND/OR
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e t it iv e d ra w in g s o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d ite m s .
W o r k is c lo s e ly s u p e rv is e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .
E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N
W o rk s on v a r io u s ty p e s o f e le c t r o n ic equipm en t and r e la te d d e v ic e s
b y p e r fo r m in g one o r a com b in a tio n o f th e fo llo w in g :
In s ta llin g , m ain ta in in g,
r e p a ir in g , o v e r h a u lin g , tro u b le s h o o tin g , m o d ify in g , c o n s tru c tin g , and te s tin g .
W o r k r e q u ir e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n o f te c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e o f e le c tro n ic s
p r in c ip le s , a b ility to d e te r m in e m a lfu n c tio n s , and s k ill to put equipm ent in
r e q u ir e d o p e r a tin g con d ition .
T h e equ ip m en t— c o n s is tin g o f e ith e r m any d iffe r e n t kinds o f c irc u its
o r m u ltip le r e p e titio n o f th e s a m e kind o f c ir c u it— in c lu d e s , but is not lim ite d
to , th e fo llo w in g :
(a) E le c t r o n ic tr a n s m ittin g and r e c e iv in g equipm ent (e .g .,
r a d a r , r a d io , t e le v is io n , te le p h o n e , s o n a r, n a v ig a tio n a l a id s ), (b) d ig ita l and
an a log c o m p u te rs , and (c ) in d u s tr ia l and m e d ic a l m e a s u rin g and c o n tro llin g
equ ip m en t.
T h is c la s s ific a t io n e x c lu d e s r e p a ir e r s o f such standard e le c tro n ic
equipm en t as com m o n o f f ic e m a c h in e s and h ou seh old ra d io and t e le v is io n
s e ts ; p ro d u c tio n a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y duty is
s e r v ic in g e le c t r o n ic te s t in s tru m e n ts ; te c h n ic ia n s who have a d m in is tr a tiv e
o r s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y ; and d r a ft e r s , d e s ig n e r s , and p r o fe s s io n a l
e n g in e e r s .
P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s .

are

c la s s ifie d

into

le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g

C la s s A . A p p lie s a d van ce te c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e unusually
c o m p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e . , th o s e that ty p ic a lly cannot be s o lv e d s o le ly by r e f e r ­
en ce to m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m anuals o r s im ila r docu m en ts) in w o rk in g on e l e c ­
tr o n ic equ ip m en t.
E x a m p le s o f such p r o b le m s inclu d e lo c a tio n and d en sity o f
c ir c u it r y , e le c t r o m a g n e tic r a d ia tio n , is o la tin g m a lfu n c tio n s , and freq u en t
e n g in e e rin g c h a n ges.
W o r k in v o lv e s :
A d e ta ile d un derstan d in g o f the in t e r ­
re la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s ; e x e r c is in g independent ju dgm ent in p e r fo r m in g such
ta s k s as m ak in g c ir c u it a n a ly s e s , c a lc u la tin g w a v e f o r m s , tr a c in g r e la t io n ­
ships in s ig n a l flo w ; and r e g u la r ly u sin g c o m p le x te s t in stru m en ts ( e . g . , dual
t r a c e o s c illo s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia tio n m e t e r s , p u ls e g e n e ra to r s ) .
W o rk m a y be r e v ie w e d by s u p e r v is o r (fr e q u e n tly an en g in e e r or
d e s ig n e r ) fo r g e n e r a l c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d p r a c t ic e s .
M a y p ro v id e
te c h n ic a l gu id an ce to lo w e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s .
C la s s B . A p p lie s c o m p re h e n s iv e te c h n ic a l k n o w led g e to s o lv e c o m ­
p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e . , th o s e that t y p ic a lly can b e s o lv e d s o le ly by p r o p e r ly
in te r p r e tin g m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m anu als o r s im ila r docu m en ts) in w o rk in g on

E LE C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — Continued

M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R IC IA N

e le c t r o n ic e qu ip m en t.
W o r k in v o lv e s :
A f a m ilia r it y w ith th e in t e r r e la t io n ­
ships o f c ir c u it s ; and ju d gm en t in d e te rm in in g w o r k s e q u en ce and in s e le c tin g
to o ls and te s tin g in s tru m e n ts , u s u a lly le s s c o m p le x than th o s e u sed by the
c la s s A te c h n ic ia n .

P e r fo r m s a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l tr a d e fu n ctio n s such as th e in s t a l­
la tio n , m ain ten an ce, o r r e p a ir o f equ ip m en t f o r th e g e n e ra tio n , d is trib u tio n ,
o r u tiliz a tio n o f e le c t r ic e n e rg y in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t
o f the fo llo w in g : In s ta llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip ­
m ent such as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w itc h b o a rd s , c o n t r o lle r s , c ir c u it
b r e a k e r s , m o to r s , h eating u n its, con du it s y s te m s , o r o th er tr a n s m is s io n
equ ipm en t; w o rk in g f r o m b lu e p rin ts , d r a w in g s , la y o u ts , o r o th e r s p e c i f i ­
ca tio n s ; lo c a tin g and d iagn osin g tr o u b le in the e l e c t r i c a l s y s te m o r e q u ip ­
m en t; w o rk in g stan dard com p u tation s r e la tin g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n ts o f w ir in g
o r e le c t r ic a l equipm en t; and u sin g a v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic ia n 's h a n d tools and
m e a s u rin g and te s tin g in s tru m e n ts .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e
e le c t r ic ia n re q u ire s rounded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh
a fo r m a l a p p re n tic es h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l g u id a n ce, as r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l te c h n ic ia n , and w o r k is r e v ie w e d fo r s p e c ific c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d
p r a c t ic e s and w o r k a s s ig n m e n ts .
M a y p r o v id e te c h n ic a l gu id an ce to lo w e r
l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s .
C la s s C . A p p lie s w o rk in g te c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to p e r f o r m s im p le o r
rou tin e ta s k s in w o rk in g on e le c t r o n ic equ ip m en t, fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tr u c ­
tio n s w h ich c o v e r v ir t u a lly a ll p r o c e d u r e s .
W o r k t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s such
task s as:
A s s is t in g h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s b y p e r fo r m in g such a c t iv it ie s as
r e p la c in g c om p on e n ts , w ir in g c ir c u it s , and ta k in g te s t r e a d in g s ; r e p a ir in g
s im p le e le c t r o n ic equ ip m en t; and u sin g to o ls and com m o n te s t in s tru m e n ts
(e . g . , m u ltim e t e r s , audio s ig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tube t e s t e r s , o s c illo s c o p e s ).
Is not r e q u ir e d to be f a m ilia r w ith th e in t e r r e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s .
T h is
k n o w le d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y be a c q u ir e d th rou gh a s s ig n m e n ts d e s ig n e d to
in c r e a s e c o m p eten c e (in c lu d in g c la s s r o o m tr a in in g ) so that w o r k e r can
advance to h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n icia n .
R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l g u id a n ce, as r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r
le v e l te c h n icia n .
W o r k is ty p ic a lly spot c h e c k ed , but is g iv e n d e ta ile d r e v ie w
when n ew o r ad van ced a s s ig n m e n ts a r e in v o lv e d .
R E G IS T E R E D IN D U S T R IA L N U R S E S

M A IN T E N A N C E P A IN T E R
P a in ts and r e d e c o r a te s w a lls , w o o d w o r k , and fix tu r e s o f an e s ta b ­
lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s the fo llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r fa c e p e c u lia r it ie s
and ty p e s o f paint r e q u ir e d fo r d iffe r e n t a p p lic a tio n s ; p r e p a r in g s u r fa c e fo r
p a in tin g b y re m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p la c in g putty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o le s and
in t e r s t ic e s ; and ap p lyin g paint w ith s p r a y gun o r b ru sh .
M a y m ix c o lo r s ,
o ils , w h ite le a d , and o th er paint in g r e d ie n ts to o b ta in p r o p e r c o lo r o r
c o n s is te n c y .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p a in te r r e q u ir e s
rounded tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a fo r m a l a p p r e n ­
tic e s h ip o r equ iva len t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E M A C H IN IS T

A r e g is t e r e d n u rs e who g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e u n der g e n e r a l m e d ic a l
d ir e c tio n to i l l o r in ju re d e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e rs o n s who b e c o m e i l l o r
s u ffe r an a c c id en t on th e p r e m is e s o f a fa c t o r y o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
D uties in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f th e fo llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t aid to th e i l l o r
in ju red ; atten d ing to subsequent d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k eep in g
r e c o r d s o f p a tie n ts tr e a te d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id en t r e p o r ts fo r c o m p en s a tio n o r
o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s is tin g in p h y s ic a l ex a m in a tio n s and h ealth e v a lu a tio n s o f
ap p lica n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and plan n in g and c a r r y in g out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g
h ealth ed u cation , a c c id en t p r e v e n tio n , eva lu a tio n o f plant e n v ir o n m e n t, o r
oth er a c t iv it ie s a ffe c tin g the h e a lth , w e lf a r e , and s a fe ty o f a ll p e rs o n n e l.
N u rs in g s u p e r v is o r s o r head n u rs e s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than
one n u rs e a r e exclu d ed .

P ro d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r ts and n ew p a r ts in m ak in g r e p a ir s o f
m e ta l p a rts o f m e c h a n ic a l equipm en t o p e r a te d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk
in v o lv e s m ost o f th e fo llo w in g : In te r p r e tin g w r itte n in s tru c tio n s and s p e c i ­
fic a tio n s ; planning and la y in g out o f w o r k ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in is t's
h andtools and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a tin g
stan dard m achine to o ls ; shaping o f m e t a l p a r ts to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; m ak in g
stan dard shop com p u tations r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , to o lin g , fe e d s ,
and sp ee d s o f m ach in in g; k n o w led g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t ie s o f th e com m o n
m e ta ls ; s e le c tin g stan dard m a t e r ia ls , p a r ts , and equ ip m en t r e q u ir e d fo r th is
w o rk ; and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a r ts into m e c h a n ic a l equ ip m en t. In g e n e r a l,
the m a c h in is t's w o rk n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rou n ded tr a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p
p r a c t ic e u su ally a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a in in g and e x p e rie n c e .

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant
M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M a c h in e r y )

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n tr y d u ties n e c e s s a r y to c o n stru c t and m ain ta in
in good r e p a ir b u ild in g w o o d w o rk and equ ip m en t such as b in s , c r ib s , c o u n te rs ,
b en ch es, p a r titio n s , d o o r s , f lo o r s , s t a ir s , c a s in g s , and t r im m ad e o f w o o d
in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
P la n n in g and
la y in g out o f w o rk fr o m b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tr u c tio n s ;
using a v a r ie t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d to o ls , p o r ta b le p o w e r t o o ls , and stan dard
m ea s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; m ak in g stan d a rd shop com p u tatio n s r e la tin g to d im e n ­
sions o f w o rk ; and s e le c tin g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y fo r th e w o rk .
In g e n e r a l,
the w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n te r r e q u ir e s rounded tr a in in g and e x p e r i ­
ence u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .

R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l equ ip m en t o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l
equipm ent to d ia g n ose so u rc e o f tr o u b le ; d is m a n tlin g o r p a r t ly d is m a n tlin g
m a c h in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly in v o lv e th e use o f h a n d tools in
s c ra p in g and fittin g p a r ts ; r e p la c in g b ro k en o r d e fe c t iv e p a r ts w ith ite m s
ob tain ed fr o m stock ; o r d e r in g th e p ro d u c tio n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t by a
m a ch in e shop o r sending the m a c h in e to a m a c h in e shop fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s ;
p r e p a r in g w r itte n s p e c ific a tio n s f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r f o r th e p ro d u c tio n o f
p a rts o r d e r e d f r o m m ach in e sh ops; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m ak in g a ll
n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm en ts fo r o p e r a tio n .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f a m a c h in e r y
m ain ten an ce m ech a n ic r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly




20

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M ach in ery)— Continued

M IL L W R IG H T — Continued

a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e qu ivalen t tr a in in g and e x p e r i ­
en ce.
E x c lu d e d f r o m th is c la s s ific a t io n a r e w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y duties
in v o lv e s e ttin g up o r a d ju s tin g m a c h in e s .

w o rk ; in te r p r e tin g b lu e p rin ts o r o th e r s p e c ific a tio n s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f handto o ls and r ig g in g ; m ak in g stan dard shop com p u tation s r e la tin g to s tr e s s e s ,
s tren gth o f m a t e r ia ls , and c e n te r s o f g r a v ity ; a lig n in g and b alan cin g e q u ip ­
m en t; s e le c tin g stan d a rd t o o ls , e qu ip m en t, and p a r ts to be used; and in s ta llin g
and m a in ta in in g in good o r d e r p o w e r tr a n s m is s io n equipm en t such as d r iv e s
and sp eed r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l, th e m illw r ig h t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a
rounded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in th e tr a d e a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M o t o r V e h ic le s )
R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o to rtr u c k s , and tr a c t o r s o f an e s ta b ­
lis h m e n t. W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : E xam in in g a u to m o tiv e e q u ip ­
m en t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g equipm ent and p e r fo r m in g
r e p a ir s that in v o lv e th e u se o f such handtools as w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r i l l s ,
o r s p e c ia liz e d equ ip m en t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a r ts ; r e p la c in g b ro k en
o r d e fe c t iv e p a r ts f r o m s to c k ; g rin d in g and ad ju stin g v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g
and in s ta llin g th e v a r io u s a s s e m b lie s in th e v e h ic le and m ak in g n e c e s s a r y
a d ju s tm e n ts ; and a lig n in g w h e e ls , ad ju stin g b ra k e s and lig h ts , o r tig h te n in g
b od y b o lts .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f the m o to r v e h ic le m ain ten an ce m ec h a n ic
r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ire d th ro u gh a f o r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e rie n c e .
T h is c la s s ific a t io n d oes not include
t o m e r s ' v e h ic le s in a u to m o b ile r e p a ir shops.

m ec h a n ic s

w ho

r e p a ir

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R
A s s is t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m ain ten an ce tr a d e s , by
p e r fo r m in g s p e c ific o r g e n e r a l d u ties o f l e s s e r s k ill, such as k eepin g a
w o r k e r su p p lied w ith m a te r ia ls and to o ls ; c le a n in g w o rk in g a r e a , m a ch in e,
and equ ip m en t; a s s is tin g jo u rn ey m a n by hold in g m a te r ia ls o r to o ls ; and p e r ­
fo r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d ta s k s as d ir e c te d by jo u rn ey m a n .
The kind o f w o rk
the h e lp e r is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m v a r ie s f r o m tr a d e to tr a d e :
In som e
tr a d e s th e h e lp e r is c on fin e d to s u p p lyin g, lift in g , and hold ing m a te r ia ls and
t o o ls , and c le a n in g w o rk in g a r e a s ; and in o th e rs he is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m
s p e c ia liz e d m a ch in e o p e r a tio n s , o r p a r ts o f a tr a d e that a r e a ls o p e r fo r m e d
by w o r k e r s on a f u ll- t im e b a s is .

cus­

M A IN T E N A N C E P IP E F IT T E R

M A C H IN E - T O O L O P E R A T O R (T O O L R O O M )

In s ta lls o r r e p a ir s w a t e r , s te a m , g a s , o r oth er ty p e s o f p ip e and
p ip e fitt in g s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k in v o lv e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g : L a y in g
out w o r k and m e a s u r in g to lo c a t e p o s itio n o f p ip e fr o m d ra w in g s o r o th e r
w r it t e n s p e c ific a tio n s ; cu ttin g v a r io u s s iz e s o f p ip e to c o r r e c t len gth s w ith
c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e to r c h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a c h in e s ; th re a d in g
p ip e w ith s to c k s and d ie s ; ben d in g p ip e by h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n
m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g p ip e w ith cou p lin gs and fa s te n in g p ip e to h a n g ers ;
m a k in g sta n d a rd shop com p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f
p ip e r e q u ir e d ; and m a k in g sta n d a rd te s ts to d e te rm in e w h eth er fin is h e d p ip e s
m e e t s p e c ific a tio n s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce p ip e fit t e r
r e q u ir e s rou n ded t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ire d th ro u gh a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . W o r k e r s p r im a r ily
e n g a g ed in in s ta llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g san itation o r h eatin g s y s te m s
a r e e x c lu d e d .

S p e c ia liz e s in o p e r a tin g one o r m o r e than one ty p e o f m achine
to o l ( e . g . , ji g b o r e r , g rin d in g m a c h in e , engine la th e , m illin g m achine) to
m a ch in e m e ta l fo r use in m ak ing o r m a in ta in in g j i g s , fix tu r e s , cutting to o ls ,
g a u g e s , o r m e ta l d ie s o r m o ld s u sed in shaping o r fo r m in g m e ta l o r
n o n m e ta llic m a t e r ia l (e . g . , p la s tic , p la s t e r , ru b b e r, g la s s ).
W o rk ty p ic a lly
in v o lv e s : P la n n in g and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m ach in in g o p e ra tio n s w h ich
r e q u ir e c o m p lic a te d setups o r a high d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; settin g up m achine
to o l o r to o ls (e . g . , in s ta ll cuttin g to o ls and adju st g u id es , stop s, w ork in g
ta b le s , and o th e r c o n tr o ls to handle the s iz e o f sto c k to be m achined;
d e te rm in e p r o p e r fe e d s , s p ee d s , to o lin g , and o p e r a tio n sequ en ce o r s e le c t
th o s e p r e s c r ib e d in d ra w in g s , b lu e p rin ts , o r la y o u ts ); u sin g a v a r ie t y o f
p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; m ak in g n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm en ts during
m ach in in g o p e r a tio n to a c h ie v e r e q u is ite d im e n sio n s to v e r y c lo s e to le r a n c e s .
M a y be r e q u ir e d to s e le c t p r o p e r coo la n ts and cutting and lu b ric a tin g o ils ,
to r e c o g n iz e when to o ls n eed d r e s s in g , and to d r e s s to o ls .
In g e n e r a l, the
w o r k o f a m a c h in e -to o l o p e r a to r (to o lr o o m ) at th e s k ill le v e l c a lle d fo r in
th is c la s s ific a t io n r e q u ir e s e x te n s iv e k n o w le d g e o f m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o l ­
r o o m p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh c o n s id e r a b le o n -th e -jo b tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R
F a b r ic a t e s , in s t a lls , and m ain ta in s in good r e p a ir the s h e e t-m e t a l
e qu ip m en t and fix t u r e s (s u c h as m ach in e g u a rd s , g r e a s e p an s, s h e lv e s ,
l o c k e r s , ta n k s, v e n t ila t o r s , c h u tes , d u cts, m e ta l r o o fin g ) o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : P lan n in g and la y in g out a ll ty p es o f
s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o r k f r o m b lu e p rin ts , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c i f i ­
c a tio n s ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a tin g a ll a v a ila b le ty p es o f s h e e t-m e t a l w o rk in g
m a c h in e s ; u sin g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d tools in cu ttin g, bending, fo r m in g , shapin g,
fit t in g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s ta llin g s h e e t-m e ta l a r t ic le s as r e q u ir e d .
In
g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s rounded
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a g e study p u rp o s e s , th is c la s s ific a t io n does not
in clu d e m a c h in e -to o l o p e r a to r s (to o lr o o m ) e m p lo y e d in to o l and d ie job b ing
shops.
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
C o n s tru c ts and r e p a ir s j i g s , fix t u r e s , cutting to o ls , g a u g es, o r
m e ta l d ie s o r m o ld s u sed in shaping o r fo r m in g m e ta l o r n o n m e ta llic
m a t e r ia l ( e . g . , p la s t ic , p la s t e r , ru b b e r, g la s s ).
W o rk t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s :
P la n n in g and la y in g out w o r k a c c o r d in g to m o d e ls , b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s , o r
o th e r w r itte n o r o r a l s p e c ific a tio n s ; u n derstan d in g the w o rk in g p r o p e r tie s o f
co m m o n m e ta ls and a llo y s ; s e le c tin g a p p ro p ria te m a t e r ia ls , to o ls , and

M IL L W R IG H T
In s ta lls n e w m a c h in e s o r h e a v y equ ip m en t, and d is m a n tle s and
in s ta lls m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m en t when chan ges in the p lan t layou t a r e
r e q u ir e d .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P lan n in g and la y in g out




21

T O O L A N D DIE M A K E R — Continued

S H IPPIN G AND R E C E IV IN G C L E R K

p r o c e s s e s r e q u ir e d to c o m p le te ta s k s ; m ak in g n e c e s s a r y shop com p u ta tio n s ;
s e ttin g up and o p e r a tin g v a r io u s m a ch in e to o ls and r e la te d equ ip m en t; u sin g
v a r io u s t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's han d tools and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ;
■working to v e r y c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; h e a t -tr e a t in g m e ta l p a r ts and fin is h e d to o ls
and d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a litie s ; fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a rts to p r e ­
s c r ib e d to le r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l, th e t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's
w o r k r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c t ic e
u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .

P r e p a r e s m e rc h a n d is e f o r sh ip m en t, o r r e c e iv e s and is r e s p o n s ib le
f o r in c o m in g sh ipm en ts 01 m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r ia ls .
Sh ippin g w o r k
in v o lv e s : A k n o w led ge o f ship p ing p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t ic e s , r o u te s , a v a ila b le
m ea n s o f tr a n s p o r ta tio n , and r a te s ; and p r e p a r in g r e c o r d s o f the g ood s
sh ip p ed, m aking up b ills o f la d in g , p o s tin g w e ig h t and shipping c h a r g e s , and
k e ep in g a f i l e o f shipping r e c o r d s .
M a y d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p r e p a r in g th e
m e r c h a n d is e fo r ship m en t.
R e c e iv in g w o r k in v o l v e s ; V e r if y in g o r d ir e c tin g
o th e rs in v e r ify in g th e c o r r e c tn e s s o f s h ip m en ts a g a in s t b ills o f la d in g ,
in v o ic e s , o r o th er r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r s h o r ta g e s and r e je c t in g d a m a ge d
g ood s ; rou tin g m e rc h a n d is e o r m a t e r ia ls to p r o p e r d e p a rtm e n ts ; and m a in ­
ta in in g n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and f i l e s .

F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , th is c la s s ific a t io n d o e s not
in clu d e to o l and d ie m a k e r s who (1 ) a r e e m p lo y e d in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g
shops o r (2 ) p ro d u c e fo r g in g d ie s (d ie s in k e r s ).

For

O p e r a te s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e th e o p e r a tio n o f
s ta tio n a ry e n g in e s and equ ip m en t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e le c t r ic a l) to supply the
e s ta b lis h m en t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , h ea t, r e f r ig e r a t io n , o r a i r co n d itio n in g.
W o r k in v o lv e s :
O p e ra tin g and m a in ta in in g equ ip m en t such as
s te a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , tu r b in e s , v e n tila tin g
and r e f r ig e r a t in g eq u ip m en t, s te a m b o ile r s and b o ile r - f e d w a te r pum ps;
m ak in g equ ip m en t r e p a ir s ; and k e ep in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a tio n o f m a c h in e r y ,
te m p e r a tu r e , and fu e l con su m p tion .
M a y a ls o s u p e r v is e th e s e o p e r a tio n s .
H ead o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than on e e n g in e e r
a r e e x c lu d e d .

p u rposes,

w o rk ers

are

c l a s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :

W AREHOUSEM AN
A s d ir e c te d , p e r fo r m s a v a r ie t y o f w a re h o u s in g d u tie s w h ich r e q u ir e
an u n derstan d in g o f th e e s ta b lis h m e n t's s to r a g e p la n . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t
o f the fo llo w in g : V e r ify in g m a t e r ia ls ( o r m e r c h a n d is e ) a g a in s t r e c e iv in g
d oc u m e n ts , noting and r e p o rtin g d is c r e p a n c ie s and o b v io u s d a m a g e s ; ro u tin g
m a t e r ia ls to p r e s c r ib e d s to r a g e lo c a t io n s ; s t o r in g , s ta c k in g , o r p a lle t iz in g
m a t e r ia ls in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r ib e d s to r a g e m eth o d s ; r e a r r a n g in g and
ta k in g in v e n to ry o f s to re d m a t e r ia ls ; e x a m in in g s to r e d m a t e r ia ls and
r e p o r tin g d e te r io r a t io n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v in g m a t e r ia l f r o m s to r a g e and
p r e p a r in g it fo r sh ipm en t.
M a y o p e r a te hand o r p o w e r tr u c k s in p e r fo r m in g
w a re h o u s in g d u ties.

B O IL E R T E N D E R
F ir e s
s ta tio n a r y b o ile r s to fu rn is h th e e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich
e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t, p o w e r , o r s te a m .
F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e b y hand o r
o p e r a te s a m e c h a n ic a l s to k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r; and c h eck s w a te r and
s a fe ty v a lv e s .
M a y c le a n , o il, o r a s s is t in r e p a ir in g b o ile r r o o m e qu ip m en t.

E xclu d e w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y d u t i e s
in v o lv e ship p ing and
r e c e iv in g w o rk (s e e Shipping and R e c e iv in g C le r k and Sh ippin g P a c k e r ),
o r d e r f illin g (s e e O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a tin g p o w e r tru c k s ( s e e P o w e r - T r u c k
O p e r a t o r ).

Material Movement and Custodial

O R D E R F IL L E R
F i l l s ship p ing o r t r a n s fe r o r d e r s f o r fin is h e d g ood s f r o m s to r e d
m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o rd a n c e w ith s p e c ific a tio n s on s a le s s lip s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r o th er in s tru c tio n s .
M a y , in a d d itio n to f i l l i n g o r d e r s and in d i­
c a tin g ite m s f ille d o r o m itte d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tgo in g o r d e r s , r e q u is itio n
a d d itio n a l stock o r r e p o r t sh o rt s u p p lies to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r f o r m o th e r
r e la te d d u ties.

T R U C K D R IV E R
D r iv e s a tr u c k w ith in a c ity o r in d u s tr ia l a r e a to tr a n s p o r t m a t e ­
r ia l s , m e r c h a n d is e , equ ip m en t, o r w o r k e r s b e tw e e n v a r io u s ty p e s o f e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts such as: M a n u fa ctu rin g p la n ts , fr e ig h t d e p o ts , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o le ­
s a le a n d r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r b e tw e e n r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n ts and
c u s to m e r s ' h ou ses o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M a y a ls o lo a d o r un load tr u c k w ith
o r w ith out h e lp e r s , m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a ir s , and k e e p tr u c k in g ood
w o rk in g o r d e r . S a le s r o u te and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .

S H IP P IN G P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p ro d u c ts f o r sh ip m en t o r s to r a g e by p la c in g th e m
in shipping c o n ta in e r s , the s p e c ific o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d b e in g d ep en d en t
upon th e ty p e , s iz e , and nu m b er o f u n its to be p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n ta in e r
e m p lo y e d , and m eth od o f s h ip m en t.
W o r k r e q u ir e s th e p la c in g o f ite m s in
ship p ing c o n ta in e rs and m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g : K n o w le d g e
o f v a r io u s ite m s o f sto c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y c on ten t; s e le c tio n o f a p p r o p r ia te
ty p e and s iz e o f c o n ta in e r; in s e r tin g e n c lo s u r e s in c o n ta in e r ; u sin g e x c e l s i o r
o r o th e r m a t e r ia l to p re v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c lo s in g and s e a lin g c o n ­
t a in e r ; and ap p lyin g la b e ls o r e n te r in g id e n tify in g d ata on c o n ta in e r . P a c k e r s
w ho a ls o m ake w o od en b ox es o r c r a te s a r e e x c lu d e d .

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c la s s ifie d by s iz e and
ty p e o f equ ip m en t, as fo llo w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r should be r a te d on the b a s is
o f t r a i l e r c a p a c ity .)




study

Shipping c le r k
R e c e iv in g c le r k
Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k

S T A T IO N A R Y E N G IN E E R

T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,

w age

lig h t tr u c k (u n d er l l / z ton s)
m ed iu m tr u c k ( I V 2 to and in clu d in g 4 tons)
h e a v y tr u c k ( t r a i l e r ) (o v e r 4 tons)
h e a v y tr u c k (o th e r than t r a i l e r ) (o v e r 4 tons)

22

M A T E R IA L H A N D L IN G LA B O R E R

G UARD A N D W A T C H M A N

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m an u factu rin g p la n t, s t o r e , o r
o t h e r e s ta b lis h m e n t w h o s e d u ties in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the f o llo w in g :
L o a d in g and u n lo a d in g v a r io u s m a te r ia ls and m e rc h a n d is e on o r f r o m fr e ig h t
c a r s , tr u c k s , o r o th e r tr a n s p o r tin g d e v ic e s ; un packin g, s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s to r a g e lo c a tio n ; and tr a n s p o r tin g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e b y han d tru ck, c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w .
Lon gsh ore
w o r k e r s , who lo a d and un load s h ip s , a r e e x c lu d e d .

G u a rd . P e r f o r m s rou tin e p o lic e d u tie s , e ith e r at fix e d post o r on
to u r , m a in ta in in g o r d e r , u sin g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
In clu d es
g u a rd s who a r e s ta tio n e d at g a te and ch e c k on id e n tity o f e m p lo y e e s and
o th e r p e rs o n s e n te r in g .
W a tc h m a n . M a k e s rounds o f p r e m is e s
p r o p e r t y a g a in s t f i r e , th e ft, and i l l e g a l en try .

p e r io d ic a lly in p ro te c tin g

P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R
J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R
O pe r a te s a m a n u a lly c o n tr o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic - p o w e r e d tr u c k
o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t good s and m a te r ia ls o f a ll kinds about a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u fa c tu rin g p la n t, o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.

tr u c k ,

C lea n s and k eep s in an o r d e r l y c o n d itio n fa c t o r y w o rk in g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m is e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a rtm en t h ou se, o r c o m m e r ic a l
o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
D u ties in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g :
S w ee p in g , m o p p in g o r s c ru b b in g , and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; re m o v in g ch ip s, tr a s h ,
and o th e r r e fu s e ; d u stin g e q u ip m en t, fu r n itu r e , o r fix tu r e s ; p o lis h in g m e ta l
fix tu r e s o r t r im m in g s ; p r o v id in g su p p lies and m in o r m ain ten an ce s e r v ic e s ;
and c le a n in g la v a t o r ie s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s who s p e c ia liz e
in w in d o w w a sh in g a r e exc lu d e d .

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c la s s ifie d b y ty p e o f p o w e r as f o llo w s :
F o r k lift o p e ra to r
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r (o t h e r than fo r k lift )




23

Service Contract
Act Surveys
T h e fo llo w in g a r e a s a r e s u r ­
v e y e d p e r io d ic a lly f o r use in a d m in ­
is te r in g the S e r v ic e C o n tra c t A c t
o f 1965. S u rv e y re s u lts a re pub­
lis h e d in r e le a s e s w h ich a re a v a ila ­
b le , at no c o s t, w h ile su p p lies la s t
f r o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l o ffic e s
shown on the b ack c o v e r .
A la s k a (s ta te w id e )
A lb a n y , Ga.
A le x a n d r ia —L e e s v i l l e , L a .
A lp en a— ta n d ish ^ T a w a s C ity , M ic h .
S
Ann A r b o r , M ic h .
A tla n tic C ity , N .J .
A u gu sta, G a.— .C .
S
A u stin , T e x .
B a k e r s fie ld , C a lif.
B aton R o u g e , L a .
B a ttle C r e e k , M ic h .
B eaum ont— o r t A r th u i—O r a n g e , T e x .
P
B eau m ont— o r t A rth u r—O ra n g e
P
and L a k e C h a r le s , T e x .—L a .
B ilo x i—G u lfp o rt and P a s c a g o u la —
M oss P o in t, M is s .
B in gh am ton , N .Y .
B irm in g h a m , A la .
B lo o m in g to n — in c e n n e s , Ind.
V
B r e m e r to n — h elton , W ash .
S
B ru n s w ic k , Ga.
C e d a r R a p id s , Io w a
C ham paign—U rban a—Rant ou l, 111.
C h a rle sto n —N o r th C h a rle sto n —
W a ite r b o r o , S .C .
C h a rlo tte — a s to n ia , N .C ,
G
C heyen n e, W y o.
C la rk s v i l l e —H o p k in s v ille , T enn.— y .
K
C o lo ra d o S p r in g s , C o lo .
C olu m b ia— u m te r, S .C .
S
C olu m bu s, G a.—A la .
C olu m bu s, M is s .
D e c a tu r, 111.
Des M o in e s , Io w a
Duluth— u p e r io r , M inn.—W is .
S
E l P a s o — la m o g o r d o —L a s C r u c e s ,
A
T e x .—N. M e x .
E ugen e— p r in g fie ld —M e d fo r d , O r e g .
S
F a y e t t e v ille , N .C .




F o r t L a u d e r d a le —H o lly w o o d
and W e s t P a lm B ea ch —
B o c a R aton , F la .
F o r t S m ith , A r k .— k la.
O
F r e d e r ic k —H a g e r s to w n C h a m b e rs b u rg , M d .—Pa.
G o ld s b o r o , N .C .
G ran d Is la n d — a s tin g s , N e b r.
H
G uam , T e r r i t o r y o f
H a r r is b u r g —L eb an o n , P a .
K n o x v ille , Tenn.
L aredo, Tex.
L a s V e g a s —T on op ah , N ev .
L im a , O hio
L it t le R ock —N o rth L it t le R o c k , A r k .
L o g a n s p o rt— e r u , Ind.
P
L o r a in —E ly r ia , O hio
L o w e r E a s te rn S h o re , M d.— a .—D el.
V
M a c o n , Ga.
M a d is o n , W is .
M a in e (s ta te w id e )
M a n s fie ld , O hio
M c A lle n —P h a r r —E d in b u rg
and B r o w n s v ille —H a rlin g e n —
San B e n ito , T e x .
M e r id ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , M on m outh, and
O c e a n C o s ., N .J .
M o b ile — e n s a c o la —P a n a m a C ity ,
P
A la .—F la .
M on tana (s ta te w id e )
N a s h v ille —D a v id s o n , Tenn.
N e w B ern —J a c k s o n v ille , N .C .
N e w H a m p s h ire (s ta te w id e )
N ew L on d on — o r w ic h , Conn.—R .I.
N
N o r th D akota (s ta te w id e )
N o r th e r n N ew Y o r k
N o r th w e s t T e x a s
O r la n d o , F la .
O x n a rd — im i V a lle y —V e n tu ra , C a lif.
S
P e o r ia , 111.
P h o e n ix , A r i z .
P in e B lu ff, A r k .
P u e b lo , C o lo .
P u e r t o R ic o
R a le ig h —D u rh am , N .C .
R en o, N e v .
S a lin a , K an s.

S a lin as— easid e— o n te re y , C a lif.
S
M
Sandusky, Ohio
Santa B a rb a ra —
Santa M a r ia —
L o m p o c , C a lif.
Savannah, Ga.
S e lm a , A la .
S h re v e p o r t, L a .
South Dakota (s ta te w id e )
S ou th ern Idaho
Southw est V ir g in ia
Spokane, W ash.
S p r in g fie ld , 111.
S tock ton , C a lif.
T a c o m a , W ash.
Tam pa—
St. P e te r s b u r g , F la .
T o p e k a , Kans.
T u cson —D o u g la s , A r iz .
T u ls a , O kla.
U p p e r P e n in s u la , M ich .
V e r m o n t (s ta te w id e )
V ir g in Island s o f the U.S.
W a co and K ille e n —T e m p le , T e x .
W a te r lo o —C ed a r F a l l s , Iow a
W e s t V ir g in ia (s ta te w id e )
W ic h ita F a lls —Law ton—Altu s ,
T e x .— kla.
O
W ilm in g to n , D e l.—N .J .—
Md.
Y ak im a—Richland— en n ew ick —
K
P e n d le to n , W a sh .— r e g .
O

A LS O A V A IL A B L E —
A n annual r e p o r t on s a la r ie s f o r
accou n tan ts, a u d ito rs , c h ie f a c c o u n t­
an ts, a tto r n e y s , jo b a n a ly s ts , d i r e c ­
t o r s o f p e rs o n n e l, b u y e r s , c h e m is ts ,
e n g in e e r s , e n g in e e r in g te c h n ic ia n s ,
d r a ft e r s , a n d c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s
is a v a ila b le .
O r d e r as B L S B u lle ­
tin 1980, N a tio n a l S u rv e y o f P r o ­
fe s s io n a l, A d m in is t r a t iv e , T e c h n ic a l
and C l e r i c a l P a y , M a r c h 1977, $ 2.40
a c o p y , f r o m any o f the B L S r e ­
g io n a l s a le s o f f ic e s shown on the
b ack c o v e r , o r f r o m the S u p e r in ­
ten d en t o f D oc u m e n ts , U .S . G o v e r n ­
m en t P r in tin g O ff ic e , W a sh in g ton ,
D .C . 20402.

Area Wage
Surveys
A l i s t o f th e la te s t b u lle tin s a v a ila b le is p re s e n te d b e lo w .
B u lle tin s
m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m an y o f th e B L S r e g io n a l o ffic e s shown on th e b ack
c o v e r , o r fr o m th e S u p e rin te n d e n t o f D ocu m en ts, U.S. G o v e rn m en t P r in tin g
O f f ic e , W a s h in g to n , D .C . 20402.
M a k e ch eck s p a y a b le to Su perin ten den t o f
D o c u m e n ts .
A d i r e c t o r y o f o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e s u r v e y s , c o v e r in g the y e a r s
1970 th ro u gh 1976, is a v a ila b le on re q u e s t.

A rea
A k r o n , O h io , D e c . 1978__________________________________________
A lb a n y - S c h e n e c t a d y - T r o y , N . Y . , Sept. 1978 1........................
A n a h e im -S a n ta A n a—G a rd e n G r o v e ,
C a l i f. , O c t. 1977_________________________________________________
A tla n ta , G a ., M a y 1 9 7 8 1_________________________________________
B a lt im o r e , M d ., A u g . 1978 1____________________________________
B illin g s , M o n t., J u ly 1978_______________________________________
B ir m in g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1978__________________________________
B o s to n , M a s s ., A u g . 1 9 7 8 1 _____________________________________
B u ffa lo , N . Y . , O c t. 1977 _________________________________________
C anton, O h io , M a y 1978__________________________________________
C h a tta n o o g a , T en n .—G a ., S ep t. 1978 1 -------------------------------C h ic a g o , 111., M a y 1978__________________________________________
C in c in n a ti, O h io—K y .—In d ., Ju ly 1978__________________________
C le v e la n d , O h io , S ep t. 1978_____________________________________
C o lu m b u s , O h io , O c t. 1978 1
_____________________________________
C orp u s C h r is t i, T e x . , J u ly 1978_______________________________
D a lla s - F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t. 1978 1 _________________________
D a v e n p o rt—R o c k Is la n d — o lin e , Iow a—111., F eb . 1978-------M
D ayton , O h io , D e c . 1977 1________________________________________
D ay ton a B e a c h , F l a . , A u g . 1978________________________________
D e n v e r —B o u ld e r , C o lo ., D e c . 1977 1___________________________
D e t r o it , M ic h ., M a r . 1978_______________________________________
F r e s n o , C a l i f. , June 1 9 7 8 1 ----------------------------------------------G a in e s v ille , F l a . , S ep t. 1978---------------------------------------------G r e e n B a y , W i s ., J u ly 1978 1___________________________________
G r e e n s b o r o — in s to n -S a le m — ig h P o in t,
W
H
N .C . , A u g . 1978_____________________________________ ____________
G r e e n v ille —S p a rta n b u rg , S .C ., June 1978_____________________
H a r t fo r d , C on n ., M a r . 1978 1--------------------------------------------H o u sto n , T e x . , A p r . 1978________________________________________
H u n ts v ille , A l a . , F e b . 1 9 78 ----------------------------------------------In d ia n a p o lis , In d ., O c t. 1978 1
--------------------------------------------J a c k s o n , M i s s . , Jan. 1978_______________________________________
J a c k s o n v ille , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 77 -------------------------------------------K a n s a s C ity , M o .—K a n s ., S ep t. 1 978---------------------------------L o s A n g e le s —L o n g B e a c h , C a lif . , O c t. 1978 1
_________________
L o u is v i l l e , K y .—In d ., N o v . 1977 1--------------------------------------M e m p h is , Term .—A r k . —M i s s ., N o v . 1978---------------------------




B u lle tin nu m ber
and p r i c e *
2 025-63, $ 1.00
2025-58, $ 1 .2 0
1950-60,
2025-28,
2025-50,
2025-38,
2025-15,
2025-43,
1950-58,
2025-22,
2025-51,
2025-32,
2025-39,
2025-49,
2 025-59,
2025-29,
2025-52,
2 0 2 5 -6 ,
1950-71,
2025-48,
1950-74,
2025-11,
2025-31,
2025-45,
2025-41,

$1 .0 0
$ 1 .4 0
$1.50
$ 1.00
80 cents
$1.5 0
$ 1 .0 0
70 cen ts
$1 .2 0
$ 1 .3 0
$1.1 0
$ 1 .3 0
$ 1 .5 0
$ 1 .0 0
$1 .5 0
70 cents
$ 1 .1 0
$1.0 0
$1.40
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .0 0
$1 .2 0

2025-46,
2025-30,
2025-14,
2025-23,
2 0 2 5 -4 ,
2025-57,
2 0 2 5 -1 ,
1950-67,
2025-53,
2 025-61,
1950-66,
2025-62,

$1 .0 0
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1.20
$1 .2 0
70 cents
$ 1 .5 0
70 cents
70 cen ts
$ 1 .3 0
$ 1.50
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .0 0

A rea

B u lle tin num ber
and p r i c e *

M ia m i, F la . , O c t. 1978 1
________________________________________
2025-60, $1.3 0
M ilw a u k e e , W is . , A p r . 1978 1 _________________________________ 2025-18, $1.40
M in n e a p o lis —St. P a u l, M inn.—W is ., Jan. 1978 1_____________ 2025-2,
$1.40
N a s s a u -S u ffo lk , N . Y . , June 1978 1
____________________________
2025-33, $1.30
N e w a r k , N .J ., Jan. 1978 1______________________________________
2 025-7, $1.40
N e w O r le a n s , L a ., Jan. 1978__________________________________
2 025-5, $1.00
N e w Y o r k , N .Y ^ - N .J ., M a y 1978 1____________________________
2025-35, $1.50
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B ea ch —P o rts m o u th , V a.—
N .C ., M a y 1978__________________________________________________ 2025-20, 70 cents
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B e a c h -P o r ts m o u th and
N e w p o rt N ew s —H am p ton , V a .—N .C ., M a y 1978____________
2025-21, 80 cents
N o r th e a s t P e n n s y lv a n ia , A u g . 1978____________________________ 2025-47, $1.00
O k la h o m a C ity , O k la ., A u g . 1978_____________________________
2025-40, $1.00
O m ah a, N e b r .—Io w a , O ct. 1978________________________________
2025-56, $ 1.00
P a te r s o n —C lifto n —P a s s a ic , N .J ., June 1978 1 _______________ 2025-36, $1.20
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .—N .J ., N o v . 1978_________ _________________
2025-54, $ 1.30
P itts b u r g h , P a ., Jan. 1978_____________________________________ 2025-3, $1.10
P o r tla n d , M a in e , D ec. 1977................... .................................... 1950-69, 70 cents
P o r tla n d , O r e g .—W a s h ., M a y 1978____________________________ 2025-25, $1.00
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N . Y . , June 1978 1 _____________________________
2025-37, $1.10
P o u g h k e e p s ie —K in g s to n -N e w b u r g h , N .Y . , June 1978 1 _____ 2025-42, $1.20
P r o v id e n c e - W a r w ic k —P a w tu c k e t, R .I.—
M a s s ., June 1978_______________________________________________
2025-27, $1.40
R ic h m o n d , V a ., June 1978______________________________________ 2025-26, 80 cents
St. L o u is , M o .—111., M a r . 1978_________________________________
2025-13, $1.20
S a c ra m e n to , C a lif. , D e c . 1977 1_______________________________
1950-72, $ 1 .0 0
S a gin aw , M ic h ., N o v . 1978_____________________________________ 2025-64, $ 1.00
Salt L a k e C ity —O gd en , U tah, N o v . 1977______________________
1950-68, 80 cents
San A n to n io , T e x . , M a y 1978__________________________________
2025-17, 70 cents
1950-73, $ 1.10
San D ie g o , C a lif. , N o v . 1977 1_________________________________
San F r a n c is c o — ak lan d, C a lif. , M a r . 1978 1_________________ 2025-10, $1.40
O
San J o s e , C a lif. , M a r . 1 9 7 8 1__________________________________ 2 025-9, $1.20
S e a ttle —E v e r e t t , W a s h ., D e c . 1977____________________________ 1950-75, 80 cents
South B en d , In d ., A u g . 1978____________________________________ 2025-44, $1.00
T o le d o , O h io— ic h ., M a y 1978 1______________________________
M
2025-24, $1.20
T re n to n , N .J ., Sept. 1978 1 _____________________________________ 2025-55, $ 1 .2 0
U tic a ^ R o m e , N . Y . , July 1978__________________________________ 2025-34, $1.00
W a sh in g ton , D .C .—M d ^ V a . , M a r . 1978 1 ____________________
2025-12, $1.40
W ic h ita , K a n s ., A p r . 1978______________________ ________________ 2025-16, 80 cents
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., A p r . 1978 1 _______________________________
2025-19, $1.10
Y o r k , P a ., F e b . 1978 1__________________________________________
2 025-8, $1.10

* Prices are determ ined by the Government Printing O ffice and are subject to change.
1 D ata on establishment practices and supplementary w age provisions are also presented.

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region I

Region II

Region III

Region IV

1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (A reaC o de617)

Suite 3400
1515 Broadway
New York, N Y. 10036
Phone: 399-5406 (A reaC o de212)

3535 Market Street,
P O Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa 19101
Phone: 596-1154 (A reaC o de215)

Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St., N.E.
Atlanta, Ga 30309
Phone:881-4418 (Area Code 404)

Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Delaware
District of Colum bia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Region V

Region VI

Regions VII and VIII

Regions IX and X

9th Floor, 230 S Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)

Second Floor
555 G riffin Square Building
Dallas, Tex 75202
Phone: 767-69 71 (Area Code 214)

Federal O ffice Building
911 Walnut S t.. 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

450 Golden Gate Ave
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone :556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Texas

VII
Iowa
Kansas
M issouri
Nebraska

IX
Arizona
California
Hawaii
Nevada

Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
W isconsin




VIII
Colorado
Montana
North Dakota
South Dakota
Utah

Wyoming

X
Alaska
Idaho
Oregon
Washington


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102