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J-

-3 '

Area^
Wage
Survey

^^ ^ Columbus, Ohio, Metropolitan Area
October 1978

Bulletin 2025-59
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics




Delaware

Franklin

c

Columbus

Fairfield

Pickaway

Preface
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r o v i d e s r e s u l t s o f an O c t o b e r 197 8 s u r v e y o f o c c u p a ­
tio n a l e a r n i n g s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e f i t s in the C o l u m b u s , O h i o ,
S t a n d a rd M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a .
The s u r v e y was m a d e as p a rt of
the B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s ' ann ual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m .
It w a s
c o n d u c t e d b y the B u r e a u ' s
r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in C h i c a g o , 111., u n d e r the
gen era l d ir e ctio n o f L o is L. O r r , A ssista n t R egion al C o m m is s io n e r fo r
O perations.
T h e s u r v e y c o u l d n o t h a v e b e e n a c c o m p l i s h e d w ith o u t th e
c o o p e r a t i o n o f the m a n y f i r m s w h o s e w a g e and s a l a r y data p r o v i d e d the
b a s i s f o r th e s t a t i s t i c a l i n f o r m a t i o n in th is b u ll e t in .
The Bureau w ishes
to e x p r e s s s i n c e r e a p p r e c i a t i o n f o r the c o o p e r a t i o n r e c e i v e d .
M a t e r i a l in th is p u b l i c a t i o n is in th e p u b lic d o m a i n and m a y b e
r e p r o d u c e d w ith o u t p e r m i s s i o n o f th e F e d e r a l G o v e r n m e n t .
P lea se cred it




the B u r e a u
p u b lic a t i o n .

of

Labor

Statistics

and

cite

th e

nam e

a nd

num ber

of

th is

Note:
A l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r the C o l u m b u s a r e a a r e l i s t i n g s o f u n io n w a g e
r a t e s f o r buil din g t r a d e s , pr in t in g t r a d e s , l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t i n g e m p l o y e e s ,
l o c a l t r u c k d r i v e r s and h e l p e r s , a n d g r o c e r y s t o r e e m p l o y e e s .
A report
o n o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y b e n e f i t s f o r m u n i c i p a l g o v e r n ­
m e n t w o r k e r s is a v a i l a b l e f o r th e c i t y o f C o l u m b u s .
F r e e cop ies
of
t h e s e a r e a v a i l a b l e f r o m the B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s .
(See ba ck c o v e r
for ad d resses.)

Area
Wage
Survey

Columbus, Ohio, Metropolitan Area
October 1978

U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary

Contents

Bureau of Labor Statistics
Janet L. Norwood
Acting Commissioner

Introduction___________________________________________

Page
2

Page
Tables— Continued
Earnings, large establishments—
Continued
A - 12. Hourly earnings of m aterial
movement and custodial
w o rk ers______________________________ 20
A - 13. Average hourly earnings of
maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, m aterial movement, and
custodial workers, by s e x _________ 21

Tables:

February 1979
Bulletin 2025-59

Earnings, all establishments:
Weekly earnings of office w o rk ers__
A- 1.
Weekly earnings of professional
A -2 .
and technical workers
Average weekly earnings of
A - 3.
office, professional, and
technical workers, by s e x .................
Hourly earnings of maintenance,
A -4 .
toolroom, and powerplant
w orkers_______________________________
Hourly earnings of m aterial
A - 5.
movement and custodial w o r k e r s ...
Average hourly earnings of
A - 6.
maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, m aterial movement, and
custodial workers, by se x ____ ____
Percent increases in average
A -7 .
hourly earnings, adjusted for
employment shifts, for selected
occupational groups____________ ____ _
Earnings, large establishm ents:
Weekly earnings of office w o r k e r s ...
A -8 .
Weekly earnings of professional
A - 9.
and technical w orkers_______________
A - 10. Average weekly earnings of
office, professional, and
technical workers, by s e x __________
A - 11. Hourly earnings of maintenance.
toolroom, and powerplant
w orkers_______________________________

For sale by the Superintendent of Docu­
ments. U .S Government Printing Office.
Washington D C 20402. G P O Bookstores, or
BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover
Price $1.50 Make checks payable to Super­
intendent of Documents




3
6

8
B.
10
11

13

14
15

Establishment practices and
supplementary wage provisions;
Minimum entrance salaries for
B -l.
inexperienced typists and clerks___
Late-sh ift pay provisions for
B -2 .
fu ll-tim e manufacturing
production and related w orkers____
Scheduled weekly hours and days of
B -3 .
fu ll-tim e first-sh ift workers_______
Annual paid holidays for full-tim e
B -4 .
w o rk ers______________________________
Paid vacation provisions for
B -5 .
fu ll-tim e w o rk ers........ ..........................
Health, insurance, and pension
B - 6.
plans for full-tim e w orkers________
Life insurance plans for
B -7 .
full-tim e w o rkers___________________

22

23
24
25
26
29
30

17

18

19

Appendix A . Scope and method of s u r v e y _________ 33
Appendix B. Occupational descriptions____________ 39

Introduction
This area is 1 of 75 in which the U.S. D epartm ent of L a b o r 's B u ­
reau of Labor S ta tistics conducts su rveys of occupational earnings and r e ­
lated b en efits.
(See lis t of a reas on inside back c o v e r .)
In each a re a ,
occupational earnings data ( A -s e r i e s tab le s) are collected annually.
In for­
m ation on establish m en t p ra ctices and supplem entary wage benefits (B se r ie s tab le s) is obtained ev ery third year.
Each y ear after a ll individual area wage su rveys have been c o m ­
pleted, two su m m ary bulletins are issu ed .
The fir s t brings together data
for each m etropolitan area su rveyed; the second presen ts national and r e ­
gional e s tim a te s , projected fr o m individual m etropolitan area data, for all
Standard M etropolitan Sta tistica l A r e a s in the United S ta tes, excluding Alaska
and Hawaii.

Table A -7 provides percent changes in a vera ge hourly earnings of
office c le ric a l w o rk ers, electron ic data p r o ce ssin g w o r k e r s , in dustrial
n u rse s, skilled m aintenance trades w o r k e r s , and unskilled plant w o rk ers.
W here p o ssib le , data are presented for a ll in du stries and for m anufacturing
and nonmanufacturing sep arately.
Data a re not p resen ted for sk illed m a in ­
tenance w orkers in nonmanufacturing b ecau se the num ber of w o rk ers e m ­
ployed in this occupational group in nonm anufacturing is too sm a ll to w arrant
separate presentation.
This table provides a m ea su re of wage trends after
elim in ation of changes in average earnings caused by em ploym ent shifts
among establishm ents as w ell as turnover of esta b lish m en ts included in
su rvey sa m p les.
F or further d e ta ils, see appendix A.
B -series

ta b le s

A m ajor consideration in the a rea wage survey pro gram is the need
to d escrib e the le ve l and m ovem ent of wages in a v ariety of labor m a rk e ts,
through the an a ly sis of (1) the le v e l and distribution of wages by occupation,
and (2) the m ovem ent of wages by occupational category and sk ill le v e l.
The p ro gram develops inform ation that m ay be used for many pu rp o ses,
including wage and sa la ry adm inistration , c ollective bargaining, and a s ­
sistance in determ ining plant location.
Survey resu lts a lso are used by the
U.S. D epartm ent of Labor to m ake wage determ inations under the S ervice
Contract A ct of 1965.

T h e B - s e r i e s t a b le s p r e s e n t i n f o r m a t i o n o n m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e
s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d t y p is t s and c l e r k s ; l a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v i s i o n s and
p r a c t i c e s f o r p r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s in m a n u f a c t u r i n g ; a nd data
s e p a r a t e l y f o r p r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s and o f f i c e w o r k e r s on s c h e d ­
u le d w e e k l y h o u rs and da ys o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s ; p a i d h o l i d a y s ; p a id v a c a ­
t i o n s ; h ealt h, i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p l a n s ; and m o r e d e t a i l e d i n f o r m a t i o n
on li f e i n s u r a n c e p la n s.

A -series

A p p e n d i x A d e s c r i b e s th e m e t h o d s and c o n c e p t s u s e d in th e a r e a
wage su rv ey p ro g ra m .
It p r o v i d e s i n f o r m a t i o n on the s c o p e o f th e a r e a
s u r v e y , th e a r e a ' s i n d u s t r i a l c o m p o s i t i o n in m a n u f a c t u r i n g , and l a b o r m anagem ent agreem ent cov era g e.

tables

T a b les A - 1 through A - 6 provide estim ates of stra ig h t-tim e weekly
or hourly earnings for w o rk ers in occupations com m on to a variety of
manufacturing and nonmanufacturing in d u stries.
F o r the 31 la r g e st survey
a r e a s , tables A - 8 through A - 13 provide sim ila r data for establish m en ts
em ploying 500 w orkers or m o r e .




A pp end ixes

A p p e n d ix B p r o v i d e s j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s
o m ists to c l a s s i fy w o r k e r s by occu pa tion.

used by Bureau

field

econ- '

A.

E a rn in g s

T ab le A-1.

W e e k ly earnings of office w orkers in Columbus, O hio, O ctober 1978
Weekly earnings
(standard)
Number

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e Etrnings o f —
l

Average
weekly

t

*

s

S

%

%

S

*

4

s

S

$

S

%

S

*

5

*

S

*

workers

ALL

(standard)

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

203

210

220

240

260

280

3 00

320

340

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

100

Occupation and industry division

110

120

1 30

1 40

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

240

260

280

3 00

320

340

-

-

-

-

-

“

4
4

22
9
13

88
25
63

1 17
34
83

2 43
90
153

224
62
162

225
85
1 40

231
75
1 56

214
66
148

194
48
146

339
112
227

1 80
75
105

127
66
61

93
32
61

39
21
18

12
4
8

10
2
8

13
11
2

-

-

-

-

-

8
1

-

2
2

2

-

“

2
1

11
5

47
29

6
5

34
27

16
15

1
-

5
2

1
1

1
1

90
Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

and
under

360 o v e r

UORKF RS
$
39.5 208.00
40. 0 213.00
39. 0 205.00

$
201.50
205.00
2 00.00

$
$
175.00-232.00
177.00-242.00
175.00-227.50

246.00
254.00

236.00
2 61.00

220.00-276.50
224.50-278.00

-

-

“

■

363
134
229

39. 0 2 28 .0 0
40.0 226.50
38.5 228.50

219.00
225.00
216.50

190.50-254.00
186.00-260.50
192.00-249.50

-

-

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S C --------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

670
27U
396

39.0
40.0
38.5

211.00
219.50
204.50

2 06.50
210.50
2 02.00

177.50-233.50
186.00-243.00
174.00-229.00

-

“

-

s ecr etar ies

, c l a s s 0 -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

656
271
385

39.5 200.00
40. 0 206.50
39. 5 195.50

192.00
194.50
190.00

165.00-230.00
170.00-240.50
161.00-223.00

-

-

-

”

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S E -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

471
55
a 16

39.5 186.50
40.0 177.50
39. 0 1 8 8 .0 0

185.00
173.50
186.00

170.00-204.50
166.50-190.00
171.00-207.50

-

-

S T E N O G R A P H E R S ---------------------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

340

39.5 208.00
40.0 196.50
39. 5 2 23 .0 0

217.50
215.50
226.50

167.00-236.50
161.00-221.50
183.00-260.50

-

-

149

■

“

GE NE RA L ------------------------------------

103
56

39. < 181 .0 0
5
39. 5 156.50

167.00
150.00

144.50-195.00
136.00-162.00

-

-

-

-

“

”

S E N I O R --------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

237
135
102

39. 5 220.00
40. 0 213.00
39.5 228.50

221.50
221.50
234.00

190.00-244.00
183.00-227.00
192.00-260.50

-

-

-

T RANSCRIBING- MACHINE T Y P I S T S
N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

60
54

37. 5 144 .5 0
37. 5 1 43 .5 0

144.00
142.00

132.50-153.50
132.50-151.00

-

-

-

T Y P I S T S -------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------NONMANUF A C T U R I N G ----------------------

754
162
592

39.0 162.00
3 9 . 5 1 67.00
38. 5 161.00

148.00
157.00
146.50

133.00-177.00
139.00-191.00
133.00-172.50

T Y P I S T S . C L A S S A -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

380
59
321

39. 0 1 77.00
40. 0 197.50
39.0 173.50

159.00
191.00
155.50

T Y P I S T S . C L A S S B ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

374
1 03
271

38.5
39.5
38.5

147.00
150.00
146.00

F I L E C L E R K S --------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

4 25
76
3A9
47

38.5
40. 0
38.0
40.0

129.50
140.00
127.50
205.50

S E C R E T A R I E S ---------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

2 . T75
817
1*558

, c l a s s A --------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

136
89

39.0
38.5

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S R --------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

s ec r eta r ies

STENOGRAPHERS.
MA N U F A C T U R I N G

360
and

STENOGRAPHERS.
manufacturing

ipi

“
-

-

-

“

“

“

4
4

22
20
2

10
4
6

24
15
9

58
7
51

36
10
26

30
8
22

51
18
33

46
18
28

31
17
14

16
4
12

26
11
15

2
2

5
5

2
2
-

3
3

3
3

8
4
4

21
12
9

80
22
58

73
17
56

59
26
33

41
22
19

77
3?
45

59
23
36

105
38
67

64
35
29

31
15
16

33
16
17

-

1
1
-

3
2
i

9
9

-

i
1

16
9
7

49
18
31

64
18
46

70
19
51

57
28
29

60
31
29

58
26
32

39
0
30

32
7
25

95
38
57

46
21
25

31
27
4

21
ii
10

12
9
3

4
4

l
1

-

-

31
3
28

26
2
24

57
17
40

77
9
68

72
8
64

63
11
52

48
5
43

54
54

39
39

-

-

”

-

-

1
1

-

“

3
3

9
9

12
12

11
11
“

26
11
15

36
24
12

18
10
8

17
7
10

24
8
16

6
6

20
19
1

83
62
21

25
6
19

29
10
19

17
17

6
i
5

1
1
~

“

u
11

8
8

8
7

18
8

11
3

5
2

13
3

-

2
1

6
4

1
-

-

-

-

1
1

18
4
14

18
16
2

7
7

11
5
6

6
6

18
18
-

77
58
19

-

“

12
5
7

-

“

3
3
“

19
19

17
15

7
4

8
7

1
i

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

“

~

”
-

”

“

9
9
"

-

-

-

-

_

10

i

-

-

~

24
6
18

29
10
19

7
7

5
i
4

1
1

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

“

-

7
7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

6
6

“

“

50
i
49

99
29
70

151
13
138

102
15
87

73
25
48

54
23
31

40
7
33

18
2
16

30
20
10

14
7
7

3
2
1

42
3
39

70
8
62

-

1
1

140.00-226.00
159.00-236.50
137.00-223.00

-

-

-

23
23

68
i
67

71
11
60

36
3
33

27
4
23

13
4
9

8
8

19
10
9

13
6
7

3
2
1

39
3
36

52
8
44

7
7
-

1
1

-

“

“

136.00
152.00
135.00

126.50-161.00
126.50-161.00
122.00-153.50

-

-

83
12
71

31
4
27

37
22
15

27
19
8

27
3
24

10
2
8

ii
10
1

-

-

-

-

“

~

-

“

18
18

-

-

3
3

-

-

76
29
47

1
1

“

50
1
49

119.50
137.50
117.00
212.00

106.00-134.00
121.50-156.50
106.00-127.00
164.00-245.50

32
32

77
18
59

89
13
76

25
14

15
9
6
i

16
3
13
4

14
1
13
9

21
16
5
3

3
~
3
3

5
2
3
3

-

3
3
3

6
6
6

15
~
15
15

-

-

-

-

-

-

104
104

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .




-

3

n

Table A-1. W e e kly earnings of office w orkers in Colum bus, Ohio, O ctober 1978 — Continued
N u m ber o f w o rk e r s receiv in g straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings o f—

O c c u p a t i o n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

*

s
90

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

s

%

100

110

S
120

s
130

S
1*0

s
150

*
160

S

S

%

170

180

190

s
200

S

*
210

2 20

260

s

s

%

$
2*0

2 80

300

*

*
320

3*0

and
under

360
and

360

ove r

-

-

-

210

220

240

260

280

3 00

3 20

3*0

4
4

6
6

“

“

~

~

3
3

-

-

~

-

i
i

-

100

110

1 20

130

1 *0

150

160

170

180

190

-

11
9

60
48

12
5

11
3

16
13

-

2

-

2
2

-

-

-

200

A L L WORKERS—
CONTINUED
FILE

CLERKS

-

CONTINUED

F I L E C L E R K S . C L A S S B --------------------------------N ON MA N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

127
93

39.0
39.0

$
1*2.00
1«*.00

$
1 26.00
123.00

$
$
122.00-153.50
122.00-159.00

-

F I L E C L E R K S . C L A S S C --------------------------------N ON MA N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

2B3
2*3

3B.0 119.50
37. 5 116.00

110.00
1 08.00

10*.50-12*.50
109.00-119.50

32
32

104
104

66
50

29
28

13
6

2
1

_

13
12

17
3

3
3

3
3

-

-

MESSENGERS ------------------------------------------------------------------N ON MA N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

198
1 75

38. 0 132.00
37.5 130.50

120.00
1 18.50

115.00-1*2.50
115.00-133.00

12
12

30
28

55
49

21
20

30
26

7
3

13
13

6
4

5
3

3
3

1
-

1
1

12
12

SWI T C HROA RQ OPE RA T O RS -----------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

202
171

39.0 157.00
39. 5 15*.50

1 5*.00
1 *0.00

131.00-176.50
131.00-173.00

-

4
4

2*
23

. 7
6

31
30

29
28

20
11

18
15

22
19

10
7

12
.6

1*
12

4
4

SUITCHBOARO O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T S —
MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

316
1 17
1 99

40.0
*0.0
*0.0

157.50
162.50
154.00

150.00
160.00
1 50.00

138.00-168.50
138.00-18*.00
138.00-160.00

-

-

10
7
3

21
7
14

54
18
36

47
20
27

65
6
59

46
9
37

20
1*
6

17
10
7

5
5

-

ORDER C L E R K S ------------------------------------------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

529
284
2*5

39.5
39.0
40.0

178.00
171.50
185.00

179.00
1 69.00
1 76.50

150.00-198.50
1*5.00-195.00
156.00-198.50

-

3
3

2*
2*
“

13
7
6

25
13
12

61
44
17

79
*i
38

59
31
28

*7
21
26

2*
2*

OROER C L E R K S . C L A S S A -----------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------

115
76

40. 0 211.50
*0. 0 205.00

208.00
211.00

160.00-2*3.00
158.50-233.50

-

-

-

-

-

r

1*
6

8

-

10
10

8

-

4
4

-

-

ORDER C L E R K S . C L A S S H -----------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U RI N G -----------------------------------------

2»5
89
206

*0. 0 170.50
*0. 0 168.00
39. 5 1 77 .5 0

167.00
161.00
176.50

154.00-198.50
150.00-168.00
156.00-198.50

-

3
3

-

6
6

13
1
12

3*
17
17

56
26
30

*3
23
20

19
1
18

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S ----------------------------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

1.404
539
B 65
95

39.5
39. 5
39.5
*0.0

181.00
181.50
180.53
250.00

168.50
174.00
167.50
259.00

1*8.00-205.00
152.00-199.00
1*0.50-210.00
2*8.50-260.00

2

4
4

12
4
8

112
14
98
-

130
*1
89
-

117
*2
75
-

16*
95
69
-

168
58
110
1

1*8
78
70
1

A C C O U N T I N G C L F R K S . C L A S S 8 ---------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U RI N G ----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------------

711
310
«01
63

39.5
39. 5
39. 5
*0. 0

201.50
192.00
208.50
262.00

188.00
181.00
193.00
259.00

165.50-230.00
160.00-205.00
170.00-256.00
259.00-271.50

1
i
-

26
10
16

37
2*
13

58
37
21

89
*0
49

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S . C L » S S R ---------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U RI N G -----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

6 93
229
464
32

39.5
39. 5
39.0
40. 0

160.00
167.00
156.50
225.50

152.00
156.50
1*5.00
235.00

139.00-175.00
1*8.00-176.00
130.00-168.00
190.50-251.50

P A YROL L C L E R K S ------------------------------------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------------

276
1 59
122

39. 5 1 91 .5 0
* 0. 0 198.00
39. 5 18*.00

1 85.00
1 96.00
1 81.50

160.50-219.00
162.50-219.50
1*8.50-216.00

KEY E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S ----------------------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------N ON MA N U F A C T U RI N G ----------------------------------------PURL TC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

1.A2B
298
1.130
59

39. 0 167.50
39. 5 1 71 .5 0
39. 0 166.50
* 0.0 232.00

160.00
166.00
1 57.50
2*5.50

1*3.00-189.00
1*9.50-189.00
1*2.00-18*.00
199.00-277.50

-

2
-

-

-

~

'

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

■

~

5
4

i
i

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

“

"

3
2
i

2
2
~

7

”

“

“

”

7

2
i
i

6
6

3
3
"

3
3
“

6
3
3

12
“
12

-

~

~

-

i
-

-

17
16
1

93
18
75

20
13
7

17
17
“

34
16
IB

9
9

2
2

3
3

17
17

10
10

6
6

3
3

3
3

6
3

12

-

-

3
3

17
10
7

“

24
6
18

”

“

~

-

-

“

“

-

77
2
75

"

'

76
2*
52
6

98
*9
*9
3

57
40
17
1

41
22
19
4

88
35
53
7

100
11
89
47

34
5
29
i«

25
4
21
9

2
1
1
1

15
8
7
i

8
5
3
“

3
3

98
*2
56

51
18
33

75
*5
30

37
31
6

20
6
i*
1

55
25
30
2

86
9
77
38

32
4
28
13

20
2
1R
9

“

8
5
3
~

3
3

~

i*
8
6
“

14
2
12
9

2
1
1
1

5
2
3
~

2
1
1
1

i

~

3
3
~

1
1
“

12

3
3

-

~

-

-

-

-

2

11
4
7

i n
13
98
-

10*
31
73

80
18
62

106
5R
4R
-

79
18
61
1

50
36
1*
1

25
6
19
6

23
4
19
3

20
9
ii
i

21
16

2

4
4

3

33
10
23
5

-

-

~

3
-

16
16

20
8
12

23
8
15

35
26
9

23
19
4

33
12
21

6
6
“

32
23
9

16
13
3

*0
2*
16

6
i
5

19
10
9

38
4
39

99
15
84

155
22
133
1

2 0*
*3
161

213
30
183
5

1 57
6*
93
1

1*6
33
113

1*9
35
11*
6

7*
22
52
4

49
4
45
2

37
2
35
1

37
8
29
7

23
3
20
13

2*
5
19
19

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
i

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .




~

4

'

3

x5

12

~

■

i
i

“
"

-

-

-

“

~
~

“

6
6
-

-

2
2

T ab le A-1. W e e k ly earnings of office w orkers in Colum bus, Ohio, O ctober 1 9 7 8 — Continued
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Oc c u p a t i o n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
wotken

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Numbe

o f w o r k e r s rec eiv in g str a igh t-tim e we ekly earnings

*

%

90
Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

100

110

4

S

%

120

130

s

4
140

150

of—

s

s

4
160

170

180

190

s
200

s
210

4

4
220

2 40

s

$
260

280

4
300

4

4
320

340

and
under

360
and

100

110

-

-

120

1 30

15 0

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

2 40

260

280

3 00

320

340

42
11
31

1 40

85
16
69

85
23
62

73
24
49

102
31
71

59
18
41

38
3
35

36
2
34

26
6
20

9
2
7

18
5
13

12
12

3
3

i
i
“

6
6
-

162
32
130

128
14
114
5

72
41
31
1

73
9
64

47
4
43
2

15
4
11

11
1
10
2

1

11
2
9
4

14
1
13
13

6
6
6

_

i
1
-

-

_

-

-

360 o v e r

» L L UORKFRS—
CONTINUED
JIEY

ENTRY

OPERATORS

-

CONTINUED

KEY E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------

■595
i as
447

39.0
39.5
39.0

$
188.00
188.50
187.50

$
1 82.00
180.00
182.00

$
$
161.50-199.50
166.00-191.50
160.00-205.00

KEY E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S * C L A S S B ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

B33
150
683
35

39.0
40. 0
39. 0
A O. 0

152.50
15A. 50
152.50
22A.00

148.00
153.50
147.00
2A5. 50

1 3 A . 0 0 - 1 6 3 . 50
138.50-167.00
134.00-163.00
191.00-251.00

“

-

38
4
3A

S e e f o o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b l e s .




5

99
15
84

1 55
22
133
1

1
1

_
-

-

-

Table A -2 .

W eekly earnings of professional and technical w orkers in Columbus, Ohio, O ctober 1978
^™^eeldyTarning^^,,l™
"
( standard)
riaiuL

O c c u p a t i o n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard'

Num ber of w o r k e r s receiv in g straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings o f4

4

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

s

4

$

4

s

1 80

150

160

1 70

180

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

130

180

1 50

160

170

180

200

220

—

-

18

200

4

4

4

%

1 30

220

4

$

-

-

-

-

-

-

280

260

280

300

3 20

340

18
1
17

15
8
7

46
16
30

57
18
39

36
16
20

1
1

14
6

4
i
3

10
4
6

26
12
18

280

300

4

4

4

260

4

4

4

440

360

3 80

800

820

-

-

-

-

-

and

360

3 80

400

420

440

ove r

89
ii
78

83
13
70

63
9
58

85
19
26

29
12
17

19
8
11

13
4

19
17

18
15

37
34

38
21

20
16

15
10

24
6
18

15
5
10

60
9
51

48
10
38

26
6
20

11
6
5

9
8
i

4
3
i

-

-

"

'

_

_

320

380

WORKERS

COMPUT E R S Y S T E MS A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) -------------------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------

SIR
131
388

$
39. 0 351.00
39. 5 358.50
39. 0 3aa.50

$
355.00
358.00
355.00

$
$
310.50-386.00
313.00-808.00
310.00-388.00

COMPUT E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S A -----------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

172
125

39. 5 387.50
39. 0 389.00

392.00
3 91.50

355.00-818.50
368.50-813.00

COMPUT E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) , C L A S S B -----------MA N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

237
70
167

3 9 . 5 3 8 9 . so
39. 5 358.00
39. 5 387.50

358.50
355.00
351.50

319.50-378.50
302.00-398.00
326.00-372.50

658
113
545

39. 0 273 .00
a o. o 2 89 . 0 0
38. 5 278.00

276.00
282.00
278.50

232.50-317.00
189.50-292.00
280.00-317.00

-

C OMPUT E R PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) ,
C L A S S A --------------------------------------------------------------N ON MA N U F A C T U RI N G --------------------------------------

183
157

39. 0
39. 0

316.50
316.50

318.50
318.50

292.00-387.00
294.50-345.50

_

COMPUT E R PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) ,
C L A S S B --------------------------------------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------

371
322

39. 0 265.00
39. 0 266.50

265.00
269.00

230.50-299.00
230.00-301.50

_
“

38. 5 225 .00
38. 0 282.50

229.00
255.50

177.50-258.50
211.50-259.00

_

695
176
519
34

39. 0
40.0
39.0
a o. o

228.50
222.00
225.00
252.00

226.50
205.50
227.50
259.50

189.50-253.00
188.00-288.50
193.00-253.00
239.00-259.50

11
2
9
-

“

-

-

COMPUT E R O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A
MA N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------

161
53
108

39. 0 283.00
a o. o 2 80 . 0 0
3 9 . 0 2 8 a . 50

285.50
278.50
293.00

251.50-307.50
281.50-305.00
253.50-307.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

“

“

-

C OMPUT E R O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B
MA N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------

346
91
255

39.0 213.50
39. 5 203.50
39. 0 217.00

218.50
200.00
230.00

189.00-237.00
183.50-213.50
208.50-280.50

-

3

9

3

16

-

-

-

3

9

3

16

17
18
3

u

-

C OMPUT E R O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S C
N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------

163
131

39. 0 190 .00
39. 0 193 .50

182.00
1R5. 00

170.00-202.53
170.00-227.50

-

-

9

4
4

ii

972
547
825
111

ao. 0
40.0
ao. o
ao. o

237.00
215.50
265.50
251.50

236.00
218.00
267.00
267.00

195.50-270.00
175.00-250.00
230.00-299.00
285.50-267.00

251
180
107

ao. o 286.00
a o. o 2 65 . 5 0
ao. o 318.00

277.00
260.00
299.00

253.00-308.50
238.00-297.50
270.00-385.00

C OMPUT E R PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S )
MA N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------

C OMPUT E R PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) ,
C L A S S C --------------------------------------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------C OMPUT E R O P E R A T O R S ------MA N U F A C T U R I N G -----------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G - PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S

D R A F T E R S ----------------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G -----------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G - PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S
DRAFTERS,

4

280

1
1

and
under
120

ALL

4

120

-

110

CLASS

A -manufacturing
-----------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G - -

98
66

“

~

-

“

-

~

_

_

_

_

”

~

_

_

_

_

“

_

”

”

_

_

_

-

-

-

3

9
9

12
8
4

_

“

3

“

-

9
7
2

17
17

“

“

-

-

-

-

i

12
6
6

59
6
53

96
20
76

83
12
71

78
7
71

97
18
79

78
8
70

65
5
60

83
2
81

16
5
ii

4
i
3

1

~

28
21
3

_

_

_

_

“

”

”

3
3

3
1

26
22

36
32

31
27

33
28

37
35

10
5

4
3

1
1

_

_

39
39

82
66

41
38

59
44

30
30

6
6

6
6

_

~

7
3

_

”

'

"

_

23
3

3
3

17
18

11
7

26
23

_

-

28
23
5

52
8
<14

77
32
85

“

-

-

138
16
122
8

117
16
101
23

-

“

1 08
30
78
1

-

-

-

6

-

-

6

5
2
3

18
8
10

3

43
23
20

71
26
85

2

41
81

28
19

82
37
5

85
42
3

2
2

2
20
20

-

23
20
3

“

39
28
11
1

3

-

-

-

8

i

-

-

-

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le s .




-

18

58
47

47
43

_

_

1

'
_

_

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
~

6

-

-

3
3

”

2
2

“

23
17
6
2

23
3
20

46
15
31

20
2
18

6
2
4

-

“
“

~

~

28
9
15

19
15
4

19
2
17

46
15
31

18

4

_

-

-

-

91
8
83

72
7
65

3
1
2

4
1
3

_

22
20

14
18

21
21

1
-

83
64
19
4

118
79
39
9

138
84
50
7

182
78
68
17

2
2

16
16

29
27

81

2

9

-

-

—

5

“

"

ii

5

17

24

ii
n

“

-

-

-

-

4

-

~

-

2
2

i

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

i

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

182
44
98
62

55
23
32
6

27
13
18
1

87
5
42

19
6
13

12
12

9
9

4
4

2

3

-

-

2

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

48
32
16

39
19
20

24
13
11

15
5
10

11
6
5

8

9

2

3

-

-

4
-

-

-

8

9

4

2

3

1

-

2
2

-

18

-

T ab le A -2 .

W e e k ly earnings of professional and te c h n ica l w orkers in Colum bus, O hio, O ctober 1 9 7 8 — Continued
Weekly earnl ng^^™
(standard)

O c c u p a t i o n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
woikers

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s o f s

Average
weekly
hour*1
(standard)

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

<

%

110

1 20

*
130

*
140

*
150

*
160

S
170

s
180

$
200

*

S
220

240

S

%

2 60

280

S
3 00

*

s
320

340

%

360

*

%

380

400

<
420

and
under

440
and

120

130

140

150

-

-

-

180

200

220

2 40

260

280

300

24
23
1

44
38
6

-

-

170

-

160

-

66
44
22
2

73
43
30
2

59
38
21
7

90
12
78
62

15
3
12
4

41
37
4

21
19
2

35
24
11

36
19
17

31
14
17

37
16
21

4
4

1
1
-

3
3

1

5

17
16
1
1

13
13
-

9
5
4
4

27
18
9
9

3 20

340

360

3 80

31
31
-

8
8

4
4

-

-

1
1

_

12
9
3
3

17
17

420

440

over

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

37
15
22
13

52
42
10
2

3
2
1
1

-

10
1
9
9

_

_

-

-

-

3
3

7
3

50
42

2
2

_

9

30

2

1

4 00

ALL UORKERS—
CONTINUED
ORAFTERS

-

CONTINUEO
$
$
$
2 43 .0 0 2 38.50 2 0 6 . 5 0 - 2 6 7 . 0 0
2 1 B . 50 2 1 4 . 5 0 1 9 3 . 5 0 - 2 4 0 . 0 0
266.50 267.00 2 3 4 .0 0 - 2 8 2 . 0 0
265.00 267.00 2 6 7 .0 0 - 2 6 7 . 0 0
$

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S 8 -----------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------N ON MA N U F A C T U R I N f i -----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I F S ------------------------------------

414
201
213
77

AO. 0
40.5
40. 0
40.0

O R A F T E R S . C L A S S C -----------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------

236
152
84

40. 0 200.50 197.50
4 0 . 0 I B B . 50 1 7 7 . 0 0
40. 0 222.50 225.50

167.00-232.50
162.50-207.00
200.00-246.00

*
*

40. 0 150.00

144.00

134.50-146.00

-

40. 0
39.5
40. 0
40.0

322.00
314.00
327.00
326.50

287.00-352.50
271.00-352.50
299.00-343.50
288.00-340.00

-

“

“

“

-

-

-

-

8
4
4

18
18

9

17

31

5

i

-

2

-

“

*
*

-

~
“

“

-

-

2
1
1
1

------------------------------------------------

71

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N 6 -----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

182
1 22
60
43

ELEC T RON I C S T E C H N I C I A N S . CLASS A MA N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------

98
73

39. 5 3 35 .5 0
39.5 330.00

3 5 2 . 50 2 9 9 . 0 0 - 3 5 2 . 5 0
3 52.50 2 8 7 . 0 0 - 3 5 2 . 5 0

*

“

~

E L EC T RON I C S T E C H N I C I A N S . CLASS B NONMANUFACTURI NGt
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

72

40. 0 293.50

305.00

241.00-326.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

30

40.0

326.50

288.00-328.50

-

-

-

-

-

215.00-267.00
213.50-256.50

-

-

-

-

-

DRAFTER-TRACERS

R E G I S T E R E D I N D U S T R I A L N U R S E S ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------

See footnotes

at en d o f t a b l e s .




95
77

40.0
40.0

311.50
303.50
327.50
3 24.00

308.00
249.00
244.50

249.00
241.50

“

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

10
1

"

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

“

-

9
5

-

_

2

5

13

-

10

-

-

-

1

1

-

-

9

3

13

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
12

12
12

13
12

24
22

17
7

5
4

6
4

1
1

2
1

2
2

-

_

_

_

T ab le A -3 . A verage w e e k ly earnings of o ffic e , professional, and technical w orkers, by sex,
in Colum bus, Ohio, O ctober 1978
"^ v e ru T "
Average
T
(mean2)
(mean2)
Sex , J o c c u p a t i o n ,

OFFI CE

and i n d u s t r y d i v i si on

OCCI I P A T I ONS -

Weekfy
hours

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

38.0

ORDER

39. 5 207.00

OFFI CE

----------------------------------------------

OCCUPATIONS

-

Weekly
hour*1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

Sex, 3 o c c u p a t i o n ,

382

F I L E C L E R K S -----------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G --------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G -

68

314

. 373
815
.558

, c l a s s a -------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

136
89

39.5
40.0
39.0

208.00
213.00
205.00
246.00
254.00

2 76
242

F I L E C L E R K S . CLASS C
N ON MA N U F A C T U R I N G —

38.0 117.50
37. 5 1 1 5 .5 0
37.0
37.0

MES S ENGERS ----------------------N ON MA N U F A C T U RI N G

1 2 f t . 50
127.00

S WI T C HB OA RD OP E RAT ORS
N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G —

198
171

39.0 157.50
39. 5 1 5 4 .5 0

S WI T C H B OA RD

316
117
199

40.0 157.50
40. 0 1 62 .5 0
40. 0 1 54 .0 0

ORDER C L E RK S -----------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G ------N O N MA N U F A C T U RI N G

423
2 59
164

39.5 170.50
39.0 165.00
40. 0 1 7 9 .5 0

Weekly

houra
(standard)

KEY E N T RY

OPERATORS -

Weekly
araingi1
(standard)

-

CONTINUED
794
1 50
644

151.50
154.50
151.00

4 32
103
329

3 9.0 353.50
39. 5 366.50
39. O 349.50

COMPUT E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S A -----------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

1 34
106

393.50
388.00

COMPUT E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S B -----------MA N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

203
65
1 38

351.50
357.00
349.50

KEY E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B MA N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN

( B U S I N E S S ) --------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G ------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S B -------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

363
134
229

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S C -------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U RI N G -----------------------

668

272
396

211 .00
2 2 0 .0 0
204.50

SECRETARIES.

C L A S S D -------------manufacturing
------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U RI N G -----------------------

656
271
385

3 9 . 5 2 0 0 .0 0
40. 0 206.50
39.5 195.50

OROER C L E R K S . C L A S S A
MA N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

40. 0 190 .5 0
3 9 . 5 lftfl. 00

S E C R E T A R I E S . CLASS E —
MA N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------N ONMA N U F A C T U RI N G -----------------------

471
55
416

39.5 186.50
40. 0 177.50
39. 0 188.00

ORDER C L E R K S . C L A S S 8
MA N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G ----------

40. 0 172 .5 0
40. 0 16R. 00
40. 0 1 7 5 .5 0

COMPUT E R PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) '
C L A S S A --------------------------------------------------------------N ON MA N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------

1 34
115

S T E N OGRA P HE RS --------------------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------N ON MA N U F A C T U RI N G -----------------------

340
191
149

39.5 208.00
40. 0 196.50
39.5 223.00

492
728

3 9. 5 1 74.00
40. 0 176 .0 0
39. 5 1 7 2 . 5 0

COMPUT E R PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L A S S B ---------------------------------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------

277
238

39.0
38.5

267.00
268.00

ACCOUNTI NG C L E R K S. CLASS A
MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------N ON MA N U F A C T U RI N G ------------------------

581
277
304

39. 5 1 9 1 .5 0
4 0 . 0 1 f t 5 . 00
39. 5 1 9 7 . 5 0

COMPUT E R PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L A S S C ---------------------------------------------------------------

ACCOUNTI NG C L E RK S. CL ASS B
MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------N ON MA N U F A C T U RI N G ------------------------

6 39
215
424

3 9. 5 1 57 .5 0
39. 5 164 .5 0
39. 0 1 5 4 . 5 0

442
1 08
3 34

39.0
40.0

230.50
232.00
229.50

266
152
114

39. 5 1 9 0 . 0 0
40. 0 1 9 7 .5 0
39. 5 1 7 9 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS.
MA N U F A C T U R I N G

GE NERAL --------------------------------------

STENOGRAPHERS.
MA N U F A C T U R I N G

S E N I O R --------------------------------------------------------------

nonmanufacturing

39.0
40.0
38.5

$
38. 0 123 .0 0
40.0 135.50
38. 0 1 20 .5 0
39. n 1 3 6 .0 0
39.0 137.00

F I L E C L E R K S . CLASS
N ON MA N U F A C T U RI N G -

S E C R E T A R I E S --------------------------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

OFFI CE OCCUPATIONS
WOMEN— C O N T I N U E D

122.50

WOMEN

s ecr etaries

and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

OF F I CE OCCUPATI ONS
WOMEN— C O N T I N U E D

MEN

MES S ENGERS ---------------------------------------------------CLERKS

Sex, 3 oc cu pa t i on,

Average
(mean*)

228.00
226.50
228.50

181.00
156.50
237
135
10 2

TRANSCRIBING- MACHINE T Y P I S T S
N ON MA N U F A C T U RI N G -----------------------

39.5 220.00
40. 0 213.00
39. 5 228.50
144.50
143.50

T Y P I S T S -------------------------------------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------N ON MA N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

669
1 62
507

38.5 153.50
39. 5 167.00
38. 5 149.00

T Y P I S T S . C L A S S A ------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

330
59
271

3 9. 0 166.50
40. 0 197.50
159.50

TYPISTS.

339
103
236

38. 5 140 .5 0
39. 5 150.00
38. 0 136.50

CLASS

B ------------------------------------------------------N ON MA N U F A C T U RI N G ----------------------

manufacturing

OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSm a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------------------N ON MA N U F A C T U RI N G -----------------------------------------

. 220

ACCOUNTI NG CLERKS —
MA N U F A C T U R I N G ------NONMANUF A C T U R I N G

COMPUTER

P A Y R O L L C L E R K S ------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G ------NONMANUF A C T U R I N G

39. 0 1 6 7 . 0 0
39. 5 1 7 1 . 5 0
39. 0 1 6 6 . 0 0

KEY E N T R Y O P E RA T O RS
MA N U F A C T U R I N G ------N ONMA N U F A C T U RI N G
KEY E N T RY O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------- ; ------------------------------------N ON MA N U F A C T U RI N G ----------------------------------------

S e e f o o t n o t e s a t en d o f t a b l e s .




8

39. 0 1 8 8 . 0 0
39. 5 1 88 . 5 0
39. 0 1 8 7 . 5 0

274.00
249.50
279.50

MA N U F A C T U R I N G —
NONMANUF A C T U R I N G

OPERATORS —

MANUFACTURI NG

---------

N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G

-

318.50
317.00

C OMPUT E R O P E R A T O R S .
N ON MA N U F A C T U RI N G -

39. O 285 .50
39. 0 287.50

COMPUT E R O P E R A T O R S .
MA N U F A C T U R I N G ---------nonmanufacturing -

39. 5 214.50
40.0 206.00
218.50

D R A F T E R S -----------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G ------N ONMA N U F A C T U RI NG

850
507
343

40.0
40.0
40.0

DRAFTERS. CLASS A
MA N U F A C T U R I N G ------NONMA N U F A C T U RI NG

248
141
107

40.0 286.50
40.0 265.50
40. 0 314.00

238.00
217.00
269.00

T ab le A -3 . A v e ra g e w e e k ly earnings of office, professional, and technical w o rkers, by sex,
in Colum bus, O hio, O ctober 197 8 — Continued
Average
(mean2)
Se x , 3 o c c u p a t i o n ,

PROFESSIONAL
OCCUPATIONS DRAFTERS

-

an d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
woikers

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

AND T E C H N I C A L
HEN— C O N T I N U E D

Se x , 3 o c c u p a t i o n ,

an d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

W eekly
hours
(standard)

W eek ly
earnings 1
(standard)

351
195

$
90.0 239.00
40. 5 218.00

ELECTRONICS
CONTINUED

TECHNICIANS

-

ELECTRONICS

TF C H N I C l ANS, CLASS B :
U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

196
1 32
64

90. 0 200.50
40. 0 187 .0 0
40. 0 228.50

------------------------------------------------

53

40. 0 140.00

T E C H N I C I A N S -------------------------------------------------------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

180
122
58
41

ELECTRONICS T E C H N I C I A N S . CLASS A MA N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------

98
73

ELECTRONICS

manufacturing

See

footnotes

at en d o f t a b l e s .




40.
39.
90.
40.

0
5
0
0

312.00
303.50
330.00
327.50

335.50
39. 5 330.00

an d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

70

90.0

28

40.0

311.50

Number
of
workers

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
earning *1
(standard)

ANO T E C H N I C A L
WOMEN— C O N T I N U E D
(BUSINESS)

-

( B U S I N E S S ) ---------------------------------------------------------------N ON MA N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------

87
59

COMPUT E R PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) -------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------

174
1 49

39.0
38.5

338.00
392.50

39.0 269.50
39. 0 2 7 3 . 0 0

94
84

39. 5 259.00
39. 5 262.00

COMPUT E R OP E R A T O R S -------------------------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------N ON MA N U F A C T U RI N G ------------------------------------------

P R O F E S S I O N A L ANO T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - WOMEN

C OMPUT E R PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L A S S B ------------------------------------------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U RI N G ------------------------------------------

235
68
167

39. 0 210.50
39.5 206.00
38.5 212.50

C OMPUT E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B ------------N ON MA N U F A C T U RI N G ------------------------------------------

PUBLIC

LJ
a
■
o

D RAFTER-TRACERS

S e x , 3 occupation,

C OMPUT E R PROGRAMMERS
CONTINUED
$
299.50

nonmanufacturing

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S C -----------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------------

A verage
(m e a n 2 )

PROFESSIONAL
OCCUPATI ONS -

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
OCCUPATIONS - HEN— CONTINUED

CONTINUED

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S B -----------------------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------

Average
Number
of
workers

130
103

38. 5 211.50
38. 5 215 .0 0

R E G I S T E R E D I N D U S T R I A L N URSE S ---------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------

90
74

90.0
40.0

248.00
295.00

Table A -4 .

Hourly earnings of m a in ten a n c e , toolroom , and p o w erp lan t w orkers in Colum bus, O hio, O cto b er 1978




10

Tab le A -5 .

Hourly earnings of m aterial m ovem ent and custodial w orkers in Colum bus, Ohio, O ctober 1978




11

Table A -5 .

Hourly earnings of m a te ria l m ovem ent and custodial w orkers in Columbus, Ohio, O cto b er 1978 — C ontinued
Hourly earnings *

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t- tim e hourly ea rn in gs of—
r
9.60

i

%

s

s

%

s

S

S

a . 00

8.20

4.40

5.20

5.60

6.40

6 . 80

*
7 . 20

t
7.60

*
8.00

s
8.40

*
8.80

%

3.80

t
6.00

s

3.60

t
4.80

%

3 . 20

*
3.40

s

3.00

2.80

3.00

3 . 20 3 . 4 0

3.60

3 . 80

8.00

8.20

8.80

4.80

5.20

5.60

6.00

6.40

6.80

7.20

7 . 60

8.00

8. 40

8.80

9.20

9.6010.00

449
39
410

139
139

35
35

28
28

7
7

7
7

9
6
3

19
19

53
82
11

14

17
3
14

20
4
16

29
22
7

5

1
1

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

21
21

18

1079

532
11
521

229
20
209

298
88
210
1

147

83
23
60
8

89
9
80
2

90
83
«7
3

10o
57
52
2

80
26
54
20

187
71
76
49

107
72
35
7

52
48
4
2

50
29
21
20

1

71
70
i
1

49
34
15

2.60

Oc c u p a t i o n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n
workers

*
2.80

s

Number
Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

9.20

and
unde r

AL L WORKERS—
CONTINUED
CONTINUED
$
3 . 37
4.91
3.05

$
2.75
4 . 34
2.75

$
2.652.652.65-

J A N I T O R S . P O R T E R S . AND C L E A N E R S —
MA N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------N ON MA N U F A C T U RI N G ---------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------------

3.231
652
2.579
116

3 . 5R
5.21
3. 17
5.10

3.00
5 . 12
2 . 89
5.14

l

4.022.654.7R-

$
3.35
5.74
2.95
o
o

861
146
715

Jl

GUARDS* C L A S S R --------------------------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------

ro

GUAROS -

6.16
3.25
5.28

107 9

-

18 7

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .




12

-

-

5

-

1
1

58
51
7

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-




Table A -6 . Average hourly earnings of m a in ten an ce, toolroom ,
pow erplant, m aterial m ovem ent, and custodial w orkers,
by sex, in Columbus, Ohio, O ctober 1978
Sex, 3 occupation,

and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

Averas

Se x ,

hourly
earnings

o c c u p a t i o n , and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

A vera ge
(m e a n 2 )
hourly

M A T E R I A L MOVEMENT a n d C U S T O D I A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN— C O N T I N U E D

M A I N T E N A N C E . T OOL ROOM. AND
POWERPL ANT O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN

$
TRUCKDRIVERS

61

7.6 0

MA I N T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N S --------------------------MA NU F A C T U RI NG --------------------------------------------------

A 65
385

7.86
7.71

MA I N T E N A N C E

M A C H I N I S T S ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

222
210

7.92
7 . 85

MA I N T E N A N C E ME C HA NI C S < MA C H I N E R Y ) M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------- ,------------------N ONMA N UF A C T URI N G -----------------------------------------

782
634
148

7.51
7 . 29
8.4?

MECHANI CS
( MOTOR V E H I C L E S ) ----------------------------------------------MA NU F A C T U RI NG ------------------------------------------------N ONMA N UF A C T URI N G ----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

542
144
398
304

8 . 37
7 . 19
8.79
9.13

MA I N T E N A N C E P I P E F I T T E R S -----------------------------MA NU F A C T U RI NG -------------------------------------------------

107
104

8.4 1
8.47

maintenance

carpenters

manufacturing

CONTINUED

53

R E C E I V E P S -------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G —
NONMANUF A C T U R I N G

249
2 26
774
770
119
79
103

5.16
5 . 59
5 . 00

ORDER F I L L E R S ---------------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

931
239
692

5 . 70
6.2 2
5.53

--------------------------------------------------

527
213

7 . 08
6.77

1.329
578
751
335

6.68
5.78
7 . 37
9.12

F O R K L I F T O P E R A T O R S -------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

1*682
1.078
604

6 . 20
6.02
6.52

GUARDS -----------------------------------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

7.66
7 . 89

BOILER

1.215
324
891

M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G L A B ORE RS
MA N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------

9 . 05
9 . 06

STATIONARY

5.86
5 . 86
5 . 86

S H I P P I N G PA C KE RS
MA N U F A C T U R I N G

8 . 83
8.97

T OOL ANO D I E MAKERS ----------------------------------------MA NU F A C T U RI NG -------------------------------------------------

358
85
273

WAREHOUSEMEN ----------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G
N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G

8 . 28

M A C H I N E - T O O L OPERAT ORS ( T O O L R O O M ) MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------

6 . 29
6.12
6.49

1.031
179
852

3 . 53
5.14
3 . 19

720
143
577

3.4 1
4 . 84
3.06

2.021
513
1.508

3 . 68
5 . 03
3 . 22

9.01

20 2
202

166
90
76

G U A R D S . C L A S S B ----------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

WORKERS -------

$
9.03
9 . 20
9 . 37

S H I P P E R S ---------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G —
NONMANUF A C T U R I NG

maintenance

M I L L W R I G H T S --------------------------------------------------------------MA NU F A C T U RI NG -------------------------------------------------

9 18
869
664

TRUCKDRIVERS. T RA CT OR- TRA IL ER
N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------

6.17

MA I N T E N A N C E

SHEFT-METAL

E N G I N E E R S -------------------------------------manufacturing
------------------------------------------------T E N O E R S -------------------------------------------------------

8 . ?8

M A T E R I A L MOVEMENT AND C U S T O D I A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN

J A N I T O R S . P O R T E R S . AND C L E A N E R S
MA N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------

2.095
518
1.577
1.097

7 . 90
6.49
8 . 36
9.15

TRUCKDRIVERS.

L I G H T T RUCK
n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------

106
75

4 . 34
3.96

ORDER F I L L E R S -------------N O N MA N U F A C T U RI N G

501
1 32
369

6 . 85
6.4?
7.01

3 42
242

5 . 08
4.52

T R U C K D R I V E R S . MEDI UM T RUC K
MA N U F A C T U RI N G ------------------------------N ONMA N UF A C T URI N G ----------------------

S H I P P I N G P A C KE RS
MA N U F A C T U R I N G

184
69

4.81
4.32

T R U C K D R I V E R S . HEAVY T RUCK
MA NU F A C T U RI NG

346
299

6.98
6.71

J A N I T O R S . P O R T E R S . ANO C L E A N E R S
MA N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------

139

5 . 86

T R U C K D R I V E R S -----------------------------------------MA NU F A C T U RI NG ------------------------------N ONMA N UF A C T URI N G ---------------------P U R L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------

M A T E R I A L MOVEMENT AND C U S T O D I
O C C U P A T I O N S - WOMEN

S e e f o o t n o t e s a t end o f t a b l e s .

13

—
—




Table A -7. P ercent increases in average hourly earnings, adjusted for em p lo ym en t sh ifts,
for selected occupational groups in Columbus, Ohio, for selected periods
O c t o b e r 1977

O c t o b e r 1972

All in dustries:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ___ _________________________________________
E l e c t r o n i c da t a p r o c e s s i n g _____________________________
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ________ _________________________________
S k i ll e d m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s _____________________________
U n s k i l l e d pl a nt w o r k e r s _________________________________
M anufacturing:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l . . _________________ _ _____________
E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s . . _________________________ _________
S k i ll e d m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s _____________________________
U n s k i l l e d pl a n t w o r k e r s _________________________________
Non m anufactu rin g:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ______________________________________ ____
E l e c t r o n i c d a t a p r o c e s s i n g _____________________________
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s __________________________________________
U n s k i l l e d pla nt w o r k e r s _________________________________

Se e f o o t n o t e s

at e n d

O c t o b e r 1973

O c t o b e r 1974

O c t o b e r 1975

O c t o b e r 1976

to

to

to

to

to

to

O c t o b e r 1973

I n d u s t r y an d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s

O c t o b e r 1974

O c t o b e r 1975

O c t o b e r 1976

O c t o b e r 1977

O c t o b e r 197 8

6.6

8.6
8.4
9.5
8.7
9.8

10.0
6.6
10.0
9.5
8.9

6.6
6.2
7.2
7.3
8.0

7.1
6.5
11.0
10.4
7.4

6 .8
9 .2
8.0
7.8
9 .2

7.9
(6 )
8.3
9.2
9 .0

8.4
(6 )
9 .8
10.3
8.4

7.2

7.1

6 .5

(M
6.5
7.5
7.7

(6 )
6.6
7.5
9 .0

(6 )
11.5
9 .4
9 .8

(6 )
7.7
8.4
8.5

6 .7
(6 )
(6 )
7.3

8.9
7.7
(6 )
10.5

10.7
6.2
(6 )
9.2

6.3
6.2

7.1
6 .4
(6 )
6 .0

6 .9
9.1
(6 )
9 .4

(6 )
6.5
8.0
7.7

6.4

(6 )
7.5

of tables.

A r e v i s e d d e s c r i p t i o n f o r c o m p u t e r o p e r a t o r s is b e i n g in t r o d u c e d in this a r e a in
197 8.
T h e r e v i s e d d e s c r i p t i o n is n o t c o n s i d e r e d e q u i v a l e n t t o the p r e v i o u s d e s c r i p t i o n .
T h e r e f o r e , the e a r n i n g s o f c o m p u t e r o p e r a t o r s a r e not u s e d in c o m p u t i n g p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s
f o r the e l e c t r o n i c d a t a p r o c e s s i n g g r o u p .

14

T ab le A -8 .

W e e k ly earnings of office w o rke rs —large establishm ents in Columbus, Ohio, O ctober 1978
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—
Number
workers

(standard)

4

*

Average
weekly

S

%

4

4

4

*

s

s

4

s

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

AL L

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

2 20

240

260

280

300

320

340

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

and

100

Occupation and industry division

1 10

120

1 30

1 80

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

240

260

280

3 00

320

340

360

ove r

-

-

-

1

17
7
10

72
22
50

89
33
56

160
58
106

171
43
128

153
60
93

139
48
91

158
56
102

138

211
78
1 33

159

108

1

75
84

62
46

53
32
21

31
14
17

12
4
8

2
7

-

-

-

_

_

4

-

13
11

16
4
12

26
11
15

5

-

40
18
22

2

-

20
10

28

-

8
8

29

-

2

5

101
38
63

64

27

17

-

35
29

15
12

16
i

-

1
1
”

3
2
1

34
21
13

31
27
4

12
11
1

4

4

-

-

2
2

4

“

-

-

-

“

~

90

Mem*

Median 2

Middle range 2

and
under

WORKERS
$
2 0 9 .0 0
2 1 7 .5 0
2 0 0 .0 0

$
2 0 2 .5 0
2 0 9 .0 0
1 9 9 .0 0

$
$
1 7 5 .0 0 -2 3 7 .5 0
1 8 0 .5 0 -2 5 0 .0 0
1 7 2 .5 0 -2 2 8 .0 0

250 .5 0
2 4 4 .5 0
255 .5 0

286 .5 0
2 8 5 .5 0
2 8 6 .5 0

2 1 8 .5 0 -2 8 2 .0 0
2 0 7 .5 0 -2 6 2 .0 0
2 2 4 .5 0 -2 8 5 .0 0

-

-

4 0 .0
39. 0

-

-

“

■

“

-

-

551
261
290

3 9 .5
o o .o
39. 0

2 1 3 .5 0
2 2 0 .0 0
2 0 7 .5 0

2 1 0 .0 0
2 1 2 .0 0
2 0 8 .5 0

1 8 2 .0 0 -2 3 6 .0 0
1 8 6 .0 0 -2 4 3 .5 0
1 7 9 .5 0 -2 3 0 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

493
205
288

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
39. 5

199 .0 0
2 0 9 .0 0
19 2 .5 0

1 9 2 .0 0
2 0 1 .0 0
1 8 9 .0 0

1 6 8 .0 0 -2 3 0 .0 0
1 6 7 .0 0 -2 5 1 .0 0
1 6 8 .0 0 -2 1 6 .5 0

-

-

“

-

“

e ------------------------------------------------------

322
293

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

18 0 .5 0
18 1 .0 0

1 7 9 .0 0
1 7 9 .0 0

1 6 5 .0 0 -1 9 6 .0 0
1 6 5 .0 0 -1 9 8 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

“

S T E N O G R A P H E R S ------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------

194
148

o o .o
39. 5

2 0 3 .0 0
2 0 3 .0 0

2 1 6 .5 0
2 2 1 .5 0

1 6 7 .0 0 -2 2 6 .5 0
1 6 3 .5 0 -2 2 7 .0 0

-

-

-

9

“

-

“

1 »694
*39
1 .0 5 5

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
39. 0

200
88
112

----------------------manufacturing
---------------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------, c l a s s o ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

SEC RE T A R I E S ------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------NONM A NUF AC T U R I N R -------------------------------SECRETARIES.

C L A S S B --------------------------------------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------manufacturing

SECRETARIES,

class

c

s ecr etar ies

SECRETARIES,

class

nonmanufacturing

39. 5

-

-

-

-

8
4
4

12
12

-

8
4
4

13

16
8
8

51
22
29

55
15
80

51
26
25

38
22
16

65
25

49
19

40

30

44
17
27

39
11
28

34
9
25

24

7

70
28

17

4?

36
18
18

53
18
35

58
15
39

39
14
25

3
3

28
28

22
21

49
37

66
58

82
38

83
81

25
23

39

5

-

-

-

39

5

-

-

-

12
12

7
7

8

6
6

13
3

15
5

7

4

-

6

"

i

i
1

-

62

13
10

-

-

18
13

64

7

15
6

6

9

11

4

4

10

3

5

4

-

2

6

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

4

3
3

8
1

11
5

6

12
12

58
58

6
6

13
10

-

4

-

~

1

1
1

-

4

5
5

32

16
13

9
7

34

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

2

70
8
62

7
7

3

3
2
1

“

“

~

"

5
2

R
2

3

31
28

52

7

-

-

-

44

~

“

11
1

1

-

18
18

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

~

~

“

"

-

3
3

15
15

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

~

1

-

59

39. 5

16 5 .5 0

1 6 6 .0 0

1 3 6 .5 0 -1 8 3 .0 0

-

-

-

9

135
110

0 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 1 9 .0 0
2 2 0 .0 0

2 2 1 .5 0
2 2 1 .5 0

1 9 8 .0 0 -2 3 2 .0 0
2 1 7 .5 0 -2 3 2 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

1
1

T Y P I S T S ----------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------

437
85
352

39. 0
39. 5
39. 0

1 7 2 .5 0
1 8 5 .0 0
1 6 9 .5 0

1 5 3 .5 0
1 7 9 .5 0
1 8 8 .0 0

1 3 6 .0 0 -2 3 0 .0 0
1 8 8 .5 0 -2 0 6 .0 0
1 3 3 .0 0 -2 3 1 .0 0

-

-

81
13
68

64
8
56

18

-

82
1
41

32

-

4

9

7

28

23

ii

8
2
6

T Y P I S T S . C L A S S A --------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------

266
221

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

184 .0 0
1 7 9 .0 0

1 6 8 .0 0
1 5 8 .0 0

1 8 0 .0 0 -2 3 2 .0 0
1 3 8 .0 0 -2 3 2 .0 0

48

47
83

16
13

22
18

13

3

9

3

T Y P I S T S . C L A S S B --------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------

171
131

3 9 .0
39. 0

1 5 5 .0 0
15 3 .5 0

1 4 0 .0 0
1 3 6 .0 0

1 2 6 .5 0 -1 7 0 .0 0
1 2 6 .0 0 -1 5 5 .0 0

17
13

16
15

10
5

5
2

5

F I L E C L E R K S ----------------------------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------

140
107

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

197 .0 0
1 4 4 .5 0

1 2 3 .5 0
1 2 2 .0 0

1 2 0 .5 0 -1 7 8 .0 0
1 1 9 .0 0 -1 4 2 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

ii
11

-

-

“

-

21
20

31
30

-

19
19

13

47

8

8

5

_

-

43

5

5

5

18
2

2

9

2
1

_

-

-

-

-

-

5

45

8

5

5

-

2

-

2

-

-

1

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

35
29

8

9
5

7
3

3
3

3

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
12

1

-

1
1

-

1

3
3

~

“

4

12

6

9

3

4

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

19

21

21

18

6

-

13

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

1

3

2

3

-

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

62
46
16

33

59
35
28

35
24

5

7
4
3

i
1

8
8

5
5

3
3

3

57
11
46

12

ii

39
18
21

B ----------------------

79

39. 5

1 9 0 .0 0

1 2 2 .0 0

1 2 2 .0 0 -1 4 0 .0 0

-

-

92
69

3 8 .0
3 7 .5

14 2 .5 0
143 .0 0

1 2 2 .0 0
1 2 2 .0 0

1 1 6 .5 0 -1 5 8 .5 0
1 1 6 .5 0 -1 5 8 .0 0

-

7
5

OP E R A T O R S

7

47
33
21

-------------------------

73

39. 0

16 9 .5 0

17 2 .0 0

1 5 3 .0 0 -1 9 3 .5 0

-

i

10

1

1

3

--------------------------------------------------

215

3 8 .5

1 6 1 .0 0

15 8 .0 0

1 3 6 .0 0 -1 8 5 .5 0

-

3

24

13

20

32

22

B -------------------

55

40. 0

16 2 .5 0

160 .0 0

1 3 7 .0 0 -1 8 1 .0 0

-

3

-

6

8

5

7

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S -----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------

587
305
282

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

2
-

4

10

38

64

-

4

7

2

4

6

27

39
20
19

47
28
19

CLERKS

ORDER C L E R K S .

CLASS

186 .0 0
18 8 .0 0
183 .5 0

1 7 5 .0 0
17 5 .5 0
1 7 5 .0 0

1 8 9 .5 0 -2 0 7 .5 0
1 5 5 .0 0 -2 0 3 .5 0
1 8 2 .0 0 -2 2 9 .5 0

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .




-

21
1
20

ME S S E N G E RS -------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------

ORDER

”

-

-----------------

S WI T C H B O A R D

9
9

14
7
7

-----------------------------------------------------------

CLASS

2
2

1

general

CLERKS.

8
21

13
11
2

-

STENOGRAPHERS,
MANUFACTURI NG

senior

38
100

2
2

STENOGRAPHERS,

FILE

360

15

33
31

13

ii
61
36
25

3

15
18

1

2

3
31

5

“

“

-

~

~

5
7

Table A -8 .

W e e kly earnings of o ffice w o rke rs —large establishm ents in Columbus, Ohio, O ctober 1978 — C ontinu ed
Weekly earnings
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f (

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

t

10 0

t

t

t

t

150

150

t

l

s

s

t

t

l

130

140

_

_

_

_

_

1 10

120

130

140

15 0

150

1 70

180

1 90

200

2 10

220

240

1
1
-

10
9
1

31
24
7

25
21
4

30
22
8

40
38
2

18
13
5

39
31
8

18
IS
3

3
2
1

12
8
4

43
9
34

11
4
7

5
2
3

-

8
8
“

5
5

3
3

9
4
5

33
6
27

29
11
18

33
9
24

22
7
15

31
14
17

22
8
14

15
2
13

20
4
16

17
9
8

2
2

27
10
17

14
2
12

1
1
-

2
2

1
1

-

-

-

5
l

13
8

15
12

6
2

14
5

3
3

8
6

34
22

1
1

3
3

1
1

65
10
55
-

100
24
76

98
23
75
3

73
29
44
1

58
19
39

60
31
29
2

27
20
7

30
4
26
2

7
2
5
1

16
6
10
4

17
3
14
13

11
5
6
6

-

-

2
2
-

6
6
“

-

22
3
19

6
2
4

10
6
4

3
2
1

5
5
-

-

6
6
-

-

14

6

1

-

180

190

t

t

120

170

f

l

t

110

2

and
unde r

t

i

t

100

1
1

90

200

210

220
-

240

260
-

260

-

280

-

2 R0

300

300
-

320
-

320

340
-

340

360
and

360

over

ALL UORKFRS—
CONTINUED
ACCOUNTI NG

CLERKS

-

CONTINUED
201.00
193.50
220.00

$
1 85.00
178.50
240.50

$
$
164.00-236.50
158.50203.50
175.50259.00

284
90
1 94

39.5 169.50
39.5 175.00
39. 5 167 .0 0

162.00
163.50
160.00

138.00144.00136.00-

198.00
205.00
197.00

PA Y ROL L C L E R K S —
MA NU F A C T U RI NG

112
70

195.50
202.50

192.50
205.00

160.50160.50-

227.00
227.50

KEY E N T R Y O P E RA T O RS MA N U F A C T U R I N G ----------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G PUBLIC U T I L I T I F S

585
185
400
32

171.00
182.50
166.00
231.00

1 61.50
171.50
157.00
2 45.50

147.50157.50146.00214.00-

185.50
191.50
178.00
251.50

$

ACCOUNTI NG C L E R K S. CLASS A
MA N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U RI N G -------------------------

303
215

A C C O U N T I N G C L F R K S . C L A S S B ---------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

KFY E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S , C L * S S A ---------MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------N ON MA N U F A C T U RI N G ----------------------------------------E N T RY o p e r a t o r s ,
MA N U F A C T U R I N G ------------NONMA N U F A C T U RI N G - PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S

key

CLASS

B ----------

88

39.5
39.5
39.5

39.0
39.5
38.5
40.0

281
117
164

39. 0 1 82 . 5 0
39.5 195.00
38.5 173.00

176.00
185.50
1 68.00

39.0 161.00
39.5 160.00
39. 0 161 .0 0
40.0 231.00

150.00
158.00
1 48.00
2 45.50

139.00142.00138.00214.00-

4
4

4
4
~

i
10
-

68

236
32

167.00
167.00
168.50
251.50

-

25
8
17
_
-

-

4

-

4
-

Se e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .




u

160.00191.50
167.00193.00
157.50-183.50

304

2
2

16

11
1
10
-

65
10
55
-

46
9
37

99
17
32

41
13
28

43
27
16

75
16
59
-

52
14
3b
3

24
12
12
1

17
6
11

17
4
13
2

-

24
18
6

6
6

1

6

-

-

1
1

6
4

13
13

6
6

-

“

-

-

-

"
1
1

"

T ab le A -9 .

W e e k ly earnings of professional and technical w o rk e rs —large establishm ents in Colum bus, Ohio, O ctober 1978
Weekly earnings
(standard)
Number
of
workers

O c c u p a t i o n an d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of—
t

Average
weekly
(standard)

4
1 10

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

and
under
120

AL L

*

S

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

150

160

170

180

200

220

2 40

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

440

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

and

130

140

150

160

170

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

3 20

340

360

3 80

400

4 20

440

over

217
111
104

39.5
39.5
39.0

s
363.00
368.50
357.00

$
s
s
359.00 3 2 4 . 5 0 -4 0 1 . 0 0
363.50 3 2 1 . 5 0 -4 1 4 . 0 0
355.00 3 3 0 .0 0 -3 8 1 . 0 0

-

i
1

“

“

“

8
4
4

18
8
10

21
15
6

27
13
14

35
n
24

31
13
18

21
9
12

26
19
7

14
12
2

15
8
7

-

-

-

1

1

5

10

n

11

10

19

5

*i i

i
i

12
4
8

n
6
5

12
5
7

20
9
n

20
10
10

11
6
5

7
6
1

9
8
1

4
3
1

4

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

“

~

-

"

"

'

84

39. 5 388 .0 0

388.00

350.50-416.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

C OMP U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) , C L A S S B -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

110
58
5?

39. 5 355.00
39. 5 3 6 8 .0 0
39. 0 3 41 .0 0

355.00
363.00
341.00

322.00-386.50
336.00-407.50
310.00-365.00

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

“

298
70
22B

38.5
40.0
38.0

2 97.50
2 70.50
301.50

269.00-323.50
233.00-303.50
278.00-326.50

”

C O MP U T E R PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------C OMP U T E R PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L A S S A ---------------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------

no
84

C O MP U T E R PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L A S S B ---------------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------

38.5
38.0

294.00
271.50
301.00

326.50
329.00

323.50
326.50

302.50-351.50
307.00-351.50

38.5
38.5

284.50
291.00

288.00
291.00

266.50-304.50
274.50-311.50

_

C OMP U T E R O P E R A T O R S - M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------NONMANUFACTURI NG -

270
91
179

39.0 239.00
39.5 241.50
39. 0 2 38 .0 0

231.00
223.00
2 33.00

2 0 2 . 0 0 - 2 5 9 . 50
200.00-288.50
209.50-259.50

2
2

C O MP U T E R O P E R A T O R S .
NONMANUFACTURI NG -

92
57

39.0 276.00
38. 5 2 7 1 .0 0

2 83.00
2 78.50

230.50-305.00
230.50-302.00

-

C OMP U T E R O P E R A T O R S .
NONMANUFACTURI NG -

130
87

39. O 2 22 .0 0
39. 0 223.00

2 16.50
2 28.50

200.00-241.50
205.00-252.50

488
313
175
106

40.0
40. 0
40.0
40.0

245.00
221.50
287.00
251.50

2 40.50
219.50
2 67.00
2 67.00

D R A F T E R S . CLASS
MANUF ACTURI NG -

137
105

40.0
40.0

289.50
264.00

D R A F T E R S. CLASS B
MA N U F A C T U R I N G ------NONMANUF A C T U R I N G

187
83
104

40.0
40.0
40.0

ORAFTERS. CLASS C
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------

ELEC T RON I C S T E C H N I C I A N S . CLASS
MA N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------

_

_

'

'

_

_

_

as

-

-

6
6

12
6
6

15
3
12

25
11
14

36
7
29

64
13
51

46
8
38

47
5
42

29
2
27

10
5
5

' 3

i

~

_

_

_

_

_

“

~

”

3
1

8
4

11
8

23
19

25
20

25
23

10
5

4
3

1
1

_

~
_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

2 76.50
2 59.50

237.00-326.50
2 3 0 . 5 0 - 2 9 9 . 50

255.00
223.00
282.50

2 66.00
2 14.50
267.00

40. 0 208.50
40. 0 201.00

75
66

4
i
3

8
1
7

-

-

-

-

4

_

14
ii

15
8

17
14

50
40

23
19

20
20

4
4

_

_

“

-

-

-

-

42
17
25

46
20
26

44
14
30

59
8
51

8
3
5

12
3
9

31
15
16

8
2
6

2
2

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

5
3

18
10

14
9

5
4

8
6

31
16

6
6

_

_

‘ _

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

2
-

-

2
“

1
-

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

10
10
-

4
4

2
2

3
3
-

2
2
-

-

-

i
1

4
3

27
15

36
20

26
20

27
24

2
1

4
3

15
14

-

17
17
-

17
14
3
3

9
8
i
i

12
1?
-

40
35
5
4

67
58
9
8

61
51
10
7

62
43
19
17

86
25
61
58

25
16
9
6

15
9
6
i

19
5
14
_

17
6
ii

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

23
23

12
12

20
20

15
12

12
9

6
5

9
6

4

-

16
16

7

“

2
2

6

”

-

-

-

2
-

219.50-267.50
198.00-240.00
267.00-291.50

-

-

-

-

-

9
3
6

12
12

8
8

4
4

_
-

_
-

-

65
5
60

-

-

23
15
8

_
-

“

18
14
4

-

-

-

-

2 05.00
2 03.00

177.00-238.00
169.00-238.00

-

-

-

1

1
-

_

-

_

_

_

“

3
-

_

“

4
4

39. 5 334.00
39.5 328.50

329.00
341.00

320.50-352.50
305.00-352.50

-

-

-

“

“

39. 5 344 .0 0
39.5 336.00

352.50
352.50

331.50-352.50
313.50-352.50

-

-

”

“

256.50

235.50-293.50

-

-

7 at

261.50

$ 4 6 0 to

$480;

2 at $ 4 8 0 to

-

i

"

-

i

l

$ 5 0 0 ; an d 2 at

-

7
7
“

3
-

_

-

3
3

19
19

-

-

-

26
24
2

12
12

8
8

9
9

19
14

25
18

19
14

22
16

“

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

16
15

9
9

33
15

44
42

2
2

-

10
1

_

“

i
1

-

-

1
1

-

~

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

“

1
1

14
14

3
3

3
3

42
42

2
2

-

10
1

-

-

-

-

13

13

5

6

1

2

2

-

-

-

-

$540 to

at end o f t a b le s .




-

1
1

“

203.50-274.50
190.00-250.00
255.50-331.50
245.50-267.00

follow s:

-

-

o

distributed

_
-

-

-

-

59

_
-

-

2
1
1

-

N URS E S *

_
-

2
2
“

“

-

A-

_

“

-

o

w ere

S e e fo o t n o t e s

_

117
87

ELECT RONICS T EC H NI C IA NS
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

"

-

-

3
3

-

-

“

12A
96

D R A F T E R S ----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------NONMANUFACTURI NG - PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S

I NDU ST RIA L

“
-

~
-

-

'

_

147
116

W orkers

S

140

C O MP U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) , C l ASS A ------------

*

4

130

WORKERS

C O MP U T E R S Y S T E MS A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) -------------------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ---------------

REGISTERED

4

120

17

$560.

-

-

-

~

-

-

6

5

6

-

■

-

T a b le A -10. A verage w e e k ly earnings of o ffic e , professional, and technical w o rkers, by s e x large establishm ents in Colum bus, O hio, O ctober 1978
Average
(mean' )
Sex, 3 oc cupat i on,

OFFICE

and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

OCCUPATI ONS

-

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours1
(standard

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

Sex, 3 o c c u pa t i on,

S E C R E T A R I E S -------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G
N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G

1.692
6 37
1.055

S E C R E T A R I E S . CLASS B
MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------N ON MA N U F A C T U R I N G

200
88
11 2

39. 5 2 5 0 . 5 0
40.0 244.50
34.0 255.50

S E C R E T A R I E S . CLASS C
MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G

549
259
290

34. 5 213.50
40.0 220.50
34. 0 207 .50

S E C R E T A R I E S . CLASS 0
MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G

493
205
288

39.5
40.0
39.5

199.00
209.00
192.50

S E C R E T A R I E S . CLASS
N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G

322
293

39.0
34.0

180.50
181.00

E

STENOGRAPHERS —
MA N U F A C T U R I N G

194
148

40. 0 203.00
39. 5 2 0 3 . 0 0

STENOGRAPHERS.

GE NERAL

59

SENI OR
-----------------

135
110

40. 0 214.00
40. 0 220.00

ACCOUNTI NG

CLERKS -

Weekly
hours1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

-

CONTINUEO
252
79
173

$
39. 5 165 .5 0
39.5 171.00
34. 0 1 63 .0 0

P A Y R O L L C L E R K S ------------------------------------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------

110
68

39. 5 1 9 5 .5 0
34.5 202.50

KEY

561
1 85
376

34.0
39.5
38.5

O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A ---------manufacturing
-------------------------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------

2 77
117
t 60

39.0 182.00
34. 5 195.00
38.5 172.50

KEY E N T R Y OPE RA T O RS * C L A S S B ---------MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

284
68
216

34.0
34.5
38.5

E N T R Y O P E RA T O RS ----------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------ENTRY

and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

professional

OCCUPATIONS

A C C O U N T I N G C L E RK S * C L A S S R ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

KEY

S e x , 3 occupati on,

170.00
182.50
163.50

-

ano

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

technical

MEN— C O N T I N U E D

C OMPUT E R PROGRAMMERS
CONTI NUED

(BUSINESS)

-

COMPUT E R PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L A S S B -------------------------------------------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------

113
89

$
38. 5 287.50
38.0 291.00

COMPUT ER O P E R A T O R S --------------------------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------

187
68
119

39.5
39.5
39.0

244.50
254.50
234.00

80

39.0

279.00

87
58

39.5
34.5

224.50
223.00

D R A F T E R S -------------------------------------------------------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------------

382
2 76

40. 0 246.00
40.0 224.50

D RA F T E RS * C L A S S A -----------------------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------------

1 34
1 02

40.0
40.0

289.50
263.50

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S Bt
MA N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------------

158.00
160.00
157.00

A -------------

COMPUT E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B ------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------

218.50

COMPUT E R

OPERATORS.

CLASS

39. 5 165.50

STENOGRAPHERS.
MA N U F A C T U R I N G

and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

O F FI C E OCCUPATIONS
WO M E N— C O N T I N U F O

WOMEN
$
34. 5 209.00
40.0 217.50
19. 0 204.00

Average
(mean2)

Average
(mean2)
Number
of
workers

t y p is t s

:
85

SUITCHROARO
ORDER

OPE RAT ORS

39. 5

185.00

69

manufacturing

39.0

38. 5 1 6 1 .0 0

39. 5 1 7 6 .0 0
39. 5 1 8 0 .0 0
39. 0 171.00

ACCOUNTING CLERKS.
MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------

243
187

39. 5 187.00
184.00

CLERKS.

CLASS

B

o

40. 0 162.50

495
266
229

ORDER

C OMP U T E R S Y S T F M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S A ---------------------------------

63

39.5

395.00

C OMPUT E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S B --------------------------------manufacturing
--------------------------------------------------

93
53

39.0
39.5

40.0 207.50
40. 0 199.50

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S ------------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------------

117
87

34.5
39.5

334.00
328.50

ELECTRONICS T E C H N I C I A N S . CLASS A MA N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------------

75
66

39. 5
39.5

344.00
336.00

C OMPUT E R PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) ------MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------NONMANUF A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

213
53
160

38.5
40.0
38.0

297.00
281.00
302.50

85
68

39.0
38.5

286.50
247.50

REGISTERED

54

34.5

260.50

CLASS

359.00
372.50

C OMP U T E R PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L A S S A ------------------------------------------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .




40.0

98
79

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) -------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------

169
41
78

39.5 368.00
34. 5 377.00
39.0 357.50

o

55

ACCOUNTI NG CLERKS —
MA N U F A C T U R I N G — ■
N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G

77

C -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

D RA F T E RS *

C OMPUT E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ! ---------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------------

171.00

215

CLERKS

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN

18

76
57

38.0
37.5

324.00
328.50

manufacturing

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - WOMEN

I N DU ST RI AL

N URS E S

----------------

T a b le A-11.

H ourly earn in g s of m aintenance, to o lro o m , and p o w e rp la n t w o rk e rs —large establishm ents

in Colum bus, Ohio, O cto b er 1978




19

Table A -12.

Hourly earnings of m aterial m ovem ent and custodial w o rk e rs —large establishm ents

in Columbus, Ohio, O ctober 1978
Hourly earnings *

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f -

5
2.60

Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

3.2 0

3.4 0

3.60

3.80

4 .0 0

4.20

4 .4 0

4 .80

5.20 5 .6 0

i

3.0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3.6 0

3.80

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4.40

4.8 0

5.20

i

5

4

*

4

4

4

4

i

5

6 .0 0

6 .4 0

6 .8 0

7 .2 0

7 .6 0

8.0 0

8 .4 0

8 .8 0

9 .2 0

9 .6 0

5.60

6 .0 0

6 .4 0

6 .8 0

7 .2 0

7 .6 0

8 .0 0

8.40

8 .8 0

9 .2 0

9 .6 0 1 0 .0 0

142

101

208

142

100

208

WORKERS

T R U C K D R I V E R S ------------------------N O N M A N U F f l C T U R I N G --------------TRUCKDRIVERS*

ME0IUM

TRUCKDRIVERS*

HEAVY

679
561

TRUCK

9 . 12

8 .4 7 -

9.4 8
9.4 8

7 .5 7 -

8. 60

6 . 3 0 -

8.85

8. 99

9 . 12

8 .4 7 -

9.4 8

1 27

301

9. 01

9 . 12

8 .4 7 -

9.4 8

1 27

11 0

9 .5 8

9. 74

9 . 4 8 -

9.74

6 . 38
6 .1 9

6. 45

5 .7 7 -

6.80

6 . 37

4 .8 5 -

6.7 4

6 . 78
6 . 45
6 . 80

5.905.4 95.9 7-

6.80
6 . 67
6 . 80

-

306

226
54

6 . 33
6 .1 4

172

6 . 39

6 30

4 .9 8

205

5 . 79

O R O E R F I L L E R S -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

481

SHIPPING PACKERS
MANUFACTURING

---------------------------------------

285

6 .4 6

186

7. 22

M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G L A B O R E R S -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------

8 56

6 . 6 2

389

6.21

467

6 . 96

F O R K L I F T O P E R A T O R S ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------

663

6 .6 2

445

6 .6 5

-

2

-

2

2

18
-

56
16

122

-

49

-

-

4
4

-

-

1

4

3

5

4

12
12

45
4

79
4

43
2

18
-

2
2

1

6
“

7
“

1R
-

-

-

-

-

1

3

-

4 .4 5
6 .6 0

G U A R D S t C L A S S B -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

4 .1 4
6 . 79
1 * 403

3.91

268

5 . 95

4 . 69
6 . 13

3.674.60-

6. 1 3
6 . 72

-

4 .8 85.95-

7 . 38
7 . 51

-

6 . 37
7 . 40

5. 306.3 7-

7. 40
7. 53

6 . 30
6 . 07
6 . 33

5.U55.645.9 5-

7. 30
6 . 94
9. 4 3

_

1
1

9
9

3
3

2
2

5
2
3

1
1

2
2

6
6

6 . 55
b . 31
6.78

5.9 55.9 55.9 7-

7. 40
7 . 40
6 . 80

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

3 . 95
6.98

2. 855.36-

5. 55
8 . 29

48

6 . 55

218

A ------------------

5 . 1 R-

6 . 99

3 . 35
6 . 98

2.8 55.64-

5 . 10
8. 56

3 . 09
5 . 46

2.8 95.12-

4.92
7. 20

5 . 14

5. 14-

5. 53

-

“

71

263

24

78

15

“

~

48

78

15

261

401
4

116

_

21

7

225

9
6

15'

11

-

-

11

5

9
6

15

11

15

46
10

16

2a
2

35
6

5

8

“

~

21
"

39
4

7
“

27

“

20

“

-

-

2

138

95
168

154
-

a t en d o f t a b l e s .




-

5

1

5 . 95
6 . 13

290

G U A R O S ---------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

S ee fo o tn o te s

9. 00

9 . 48

W A R E H O U S E M E N ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

J A N I T O R S * P O R T E R S * A ND C L E A N E R S
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------NONMANUEACTURING:
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------

$

7 .7 7

S H I P P E R S ------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------R E C E I V E R S -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------

8. 62
8.91
8 .4 9

T R U C K ----

T RIICKDRI V E R S * T R A C T O R - T R A I L E R
N O N M A N U F AC T U R I N G --------------P U R L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------

GUARDS t CLASS

3 .0 0

and
u nder
2.80

ALL

i

2 .8 0

138

Number
of

Av er ag e
( mean*)
hourly
earni ngs4

Sex,

----- I---- 1

S e x , 3 o c c u p a t io n , a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

M A I N T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N S -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

320
251
141

MANUFACTURING

---

437

8 .0 2

332

7 .8 8

446

189
152
99

8 . 7 ?
8 .91

5- 03

172

MANUFACTURING
MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
( M O T O R V E H I C L E S * --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

6 .2 7

56

6 .5 2

151

n o n manufacturing

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY!
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

6 . 34

50

MANUFACTURING

b.

20 1

a. oi

1 3?
64

8 .1 0

129

M A T E R I A L M O V E M E N T AND C U S T O D I A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN — C O N T I N U E D

8 . 13

M A I N T E N A N C E M A C H I N I S T S --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

Aver age
(mea n")
hourly
nami ngs 4

o c c u p a t i o n , a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i c

00

M A I N T E N A N C E , TOOL R O O M , AND
P O U E R P L A N T O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN

6 .0 6

280

MANUFACTURING

20B

9 .0 2
170

M A I N T E N A N C E P I P E F I T T E R S ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------s heft

-mftal

workers

—

7 .3 1

170

MANUFACTURING

8 .6 0

90

7.3 1

8 .6 7

51

o

MAINTENANCE

93

o
o




Table A-13. Average hourly earnings of m aintenance, toolroom ,
pow erplant, m aterial m o vem en t, and custodial w o rkers, by s e x large establishm ents in Colum bus, O hio, O ctober 1978

M I L L W R I G H T S -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

162

195

634

9 . 38

630

9 . 39

79

6 .6 4

M A N U F A C T U R I N G --NONMANUFACTURING

440

6 .6 7

G U A R D S ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --NONMANUFACTURING

267

4 . 87

88
179

6. 56
4 .0 4

214

4 .5 3

8 .0 4

70

7 .1 4

654

9 .1 3

T O O L AND DIF M A K E R S
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---

6.21

395

8 .9 3

172

381

8.2 1

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS (TOOLROOM*
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

776

8.2 1

162

MATERIAL HANDLING LARORERS
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------

8 . 0 ?

STATIONARY ENGINEERS
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----

GUARDS,

CLASS

214

A

G U A R D S , C L A S S B -M A N U F A C T U R I N G --NONMANUFACTURING
M A T E R I A L M O V E M E N T AND C U S T O D I A L
OCCUPATIONS' - MEN

T R U C K D R I V E R S -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------

52

J A N I T O R S . P O R T E R S . A N D C L E A N E R S --M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------- 1----------679

8 . 6 ?

561

8.9 1

302

8 . 49

TRUCK .
-----

54

7. 77

TRUCKDRIVERS, TRACTOR-TRAILER
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------

306

8 . 99

301

9 . 01

110

9 .5 8

TRUCKDRIVERS,

MEDIUM

TRUCKDRIVERS,

HEAVY

TRUCK

---

MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS

ORDER

AND C U S T O D I A L
- WOMEN

FILLERS

J A N I T O R S . P O R T F R S . AND C L E A N E R S :
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

S e e f o o t n o t e s a t en d o f t a b l e s .

21

6. 73

162

3 .8 2

914

3 . 94

178

5 . 82

B.

E s ta b lis h m e n t p ra c tic e s a n d s u p p le m e n ta r y w a g e p ro v is io n s

Table B-1.

M in im u m e n tran ce salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks in Columbus, Ohio, O ctober 1978
Inexperi enced typists

Ot he r i nexper i enced c l er i c a l w o r k e r s 8
Nonmanufacturing

Manufacturing
M i n im u m w e e k l y s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r y 7

B a s e d on s t a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r s 9 of—

All
i nd u s t r i e s
All
schedul es

ESTABLISHMENTS

STUOIEO

ESTABLISHMENTS HAVING A SPECIFIED
M I N I M U M ---------------------------------UNDER
*97.50
*100..00
*105,.00
*110..00
*115.00
*120..00
*125..00
*130..00
*135..00
*140..00
*195.,00
*150. .00
*155..00
*160..00
*165. .00
*1 70..00
*175.,00
*180. .00
*185. ,00
*190. .00
*195. .00
*2 00 . .00
*205. .00
*2 10 . ,00
*215. .00
*2 20 . .00
*2 25 . ,00
*2 30 . ,00
*2 35 . .00
*2 4 0. ,00

* 9 7 . 5 0 -----------------------A N D U N D E R * 1 0 0 . 0 0 -------A NO
AND
A NO
A ND
AN O
ANO
A NO
ANO
AND
and

ANO
A ND
A NO
ANO
A NO
A NO
A NO
A ND
AND
A NO
AN D
A NO
AN O
A NO
AN D
AN O
AN O
AND
AN O

UNDER *105.00
UNDER *110.00
UN0ER *115.00
UNDER *120.00
UN0ER *125.00
UN0ER *130.00
UNDER *135.00
UNDER *190.00
UNDER *145.00
UNDER *150.00
UNDER *155.00
UNDER *160.00
UNDER *165.00
UNOER *170.00
UNDER *175.00
UNDER *180.00
UNDER *185.00
UNDER *190.00
UNOER 1195.00
UNOER *200.00
UNDER *205.00
UNOER 1210.00
UNOER *215.00
UNOER *220.00
UNOER *225.00
UNOER *230.00
UNDER *235.00
UNDER *240.00
O V E R -----------

40

All
schedules

40

172

59

XXX

113

XXX

37

13

12

24

-

-

-

-

113

XXX

17

5

68

29

26

39

28

5

-

i

1
i

-

-

1
1

_

_

-

1

3
8
7
10
7
4
2
4
5
1
2
1
3
2
2
1
i
“

7
2

-

3
1
5
5
7
2
2

1
4
4
4
2
1
_

1
1
1
1

i
-

-

-

4
6
7
1
5
2
3
1
1
1
1

2
i
3

2
1
2
1
1
1
1
“
“
2
l

2
5
4
1
4
1
2
1
1
1

i
2
1

-

~

■

1
2
4
4
2
i
1
i
“
“
1
“

-

-

-

“
1
-

-

-

-

:

-

-

-

-

37 V2

XXX

-

-

40

59

“

2
1
“

All
schedules

172

_

-

40

XXX

-

1
2
1
“

All
s c he d ul es

3 7 ‘/a

1

-

B a s e d on s t a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r s 9 of—

All
i ndust r i e s

-

1
1
1
1
~
*

Nonmanufact uring

Manufacturing

•

*~
“
~
_
-

:

5

5
2
4
2

-

1
2

3
1
i
i
3
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

i
1
-

1
1
-

-

-

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

1

1
-

1

2
4
2
1
1
2
-

-

-

i
1

i
1

-

-

4
2
1
-

-

-

-

-

XX X

1
1

-

3
1
1
1
3
i
-

-

-

_
_
_

_
_
_

_

-

'

"

E S T A B L I S H M E N T S H A V I N G NO S P E C I F I E D
M I N I M U M -------------------------------------

41

19

XXX

22

XXX

XXX

56

21

XXX

35

XXX

XXX

E S T A B L I S H M E N T S W H I C H DID NOT EM P L O Y
W O R K E R S IN T H I S C A T E G O R Y -------------

94

27

XXX

67

XXX

XXX

48

9

XXX

39

XXX

XXX

S e e fo o t n o t e s

at en d o f t a b le s .




22

"




Table B -2.

Late-shift pay provisions for fu ll-tim e m anufacturing production

and related w orkers in Colum bus, O hio, O ctober 1978
'A l l f u l l - t i m e m a n u i a d u r i n g p r o d u c t io n a n d r e l a t e d w o r k e r s
W ork ers

A l l w o r k e r s 10
S e c o n d s h ift

PERCENT
IN

ESTABLI SHMENTS

WI T H

OF

PAY

S e c o n d s h ift

WORKERS

LATE SHIFT

PROVISIONS

W I T H NO PAY D I F F E R E N T I A L FOR L A T E S H I F T WORK
W I T H PAY D I F F E R E N T I A L FOR L A T E S H I F T WORK —
U NI F ORM C E N T S - P E R - H O U R D I F F E R E N T I A L ----------------UN I F ORM PE R C E N T A G E D I F F E R E N T I A L ---------------------------OT HER D I F F E R E N T I A L ----------------------------------------------------------------AVERAGE

T h ir d s h ift

94.8

91.4

22. 1

10.6

94.8
68.6
21 . 6
4.6

91.4
69. 8
12. 1
9. 5

2 2. 1
15.A
5.9
.8

1 0 .6
8.7

1A.7
7.6

17. 7
8. 5

15.7
7.4

19.1

3.1
1.6
18.3
1.3
1.8
3.5
10.9
9.5
6.6
5.7
1.5
1.5

3. 1
10.0
2. 5
4.8
12. A
2.2
5.2
14.4
2. A
1.5
2. 3
3. 6
2.0
1.5

•4
3.8

DIFFERENTIAL

U N I F O R M C E N T S - P E R - H O U R D I F F E R E N T I A L ----------------------U N I F ORM P E R C E N T A G E D I F F E R E N T I A L ----------------------------------

7.9

P E RC E NT OF WORKERS BY T Y P E AND
AMOUNT OF PAY D I F F E R E N T I A L
UNI FORM c e n t s - p e r - h o u r :
5 C E N T S --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------8 C E N T S --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------10 C E N T S -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------12 C E N T S -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------13 C E N T S -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------1A C E N T S -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------15 C E N T S -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------16 C E N T S -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------18 C E N T S -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------20 C E N T S -------------------------------------------------------------------------- --------21 C E N T S -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------22 C E N T S -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------2A C E N T S -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------25 C E N T S -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------30 C E N T S -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------32 C E N T S -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------35 C E N T S -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------AO C E N T S -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------A5 C E N T S -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------U N I F ORM p e r c e n t a g e :
2 AND UNDER 3 P E R C E N T -----------------------------------------------A P E R C E N T --------------------------------------------------------------------------------5 P E R C E N T --------------------------------------------------------------------------------10 PE RC E N T -------------------------------------------------------------------------------

-

1.3
.9
i.i
-

“

1.2
1.9
9.0

.1
•4
.2

. 9
i.i

1.2
1.9
6.1
12.A

.6
i.i
1.1
2.9
2.0
1.6
•4
.7

S e e fo o t n o t e a t en d o f t a b l e s .

23

.2
•6
2.0
3.1

.5
.7
.7
2.3
.6

.2
.6
.3

Table B -3.

Scheduled w e e k ly hours and days of fu ll-tim e firs t-s h ift w orkers in Columbus, Ohio, O ctober 1978
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P r o d u c t io n and r e la t e d w o r k e r s
Item
A H in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A l l in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

PE R C E N T OF WORKERS BY S C H E D U L E D
WE EKL Y HOURS AND D A YS
------------------------------

1 00

HOURS— 5 D A YS -------------------------------------------------------HOURS— 5 D A YS -------------------------------------------------------H O U R S - 5 D A YS -------------------------------------------------------1 /4 H O U R S - 5 DAYS -------------------------------------------1 /3 H O U R S - 5 DAYS -------------------------------------------H O U R S - 5 DA YS -------------------------------------------------------1 / 3 H O U R S - 5 DAYS -------------------------------------------3 /4 H O U R S - 5 DAYS -------------------------------------------B/ 1 0 H O U R S - 5 DAYS ----------------------------------------8 / 1 0 H O U R S - 4 DAYS ----------------------------------------HOURS --------------------------------------------------------------------------4 D A YS -----------------------------------------------------------------------5 0 A Y S -----------------------------------------------------------------------H O U R S - 5 04 Y S ------------------------------------------------------H O U R S - 5 DA YS ------------------------------------------------------H O U R S - 5 D A YS -------------------------------------------------------HOURS --------------------------------------------------------------------------5 DAYS -----------------------------------------------------------------------5 1 / 2 DAYS ------------------------------------------------------------HOURS --------------------------------------------------------------------------5 DAYS -----------------------------------------------------------------------6 DAYS -----------------------------------------------------------------------H O U R S - 5 OAYS -------------------------------------------------------

1
1
~
1
-

AL L
25
30
35
36
36
37
37
38
38
39
40

42
43
44
45

48

50

FULL-TIME

WORKERS

4
( 12)
88
1
87
(12)
1
3
3
(12)
2
(12)
1
(12)

10 0

_
2
“
4
88
1
86
4
4
2
-

2

100

100

_

1
2
3
1
87
87
(12)
1
2
1
1
1
1
(12)
1

82
82
8
8
6
6
5

39.9

41.3

*
-

1 00

_
( 12)
5
2
1
1
17
7
1
65
65
(12)
- .
-

10 0

100

100

_

_
2
5
1
92
92
-

-

1
7
2
2
1
22
9
1

-

-

-

-

55
55
-

1 00
100
-

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

WE E K L Y

WORK S C H E D U L E S

---------------------------

4 0. 1

40.2

S ee f o ot not e at end of t a b l e s .




24

39.1

39. 8

38.8

O

ALL

■
P
O

AVERAGE S C H E D U L E D
WEEKL Y HOURS

T ab le B -4. A n n u al paid holidays for fu ll-tim e w orkers in Colum bus, Ohio, O ctober 1978
Office wo r ke r s

P r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s
Item
A l l i ndustri es

PERCENT
ALL

OF

FULL-TIME

Manufacturing

P u b l i c ut il i t i es

Nonmanufact uring

A l l i ndust r i es

Manufacturing

Nonmanufact uring

P u b l i c util i ti es

WORKERS

WORKERS -------------------------------

100

E S T A B L I S H M E N T S NOT P R O V I D I N G
P A I D H O L I D A Y S -------------------------------------------------------IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVIDING
P A I D H O L I D A Y S --------------------------------------------------------

97

100

9.3

10.5

7.7

100

100

100

100

100

-

(12 )

-

99

100

8.9

10.1

100

100

6

-

(12)

94

1 00

99

100

9. 9

9.2

9.9

_

_
-

_
-

IN

A VERAGE

NUMBER

FOR UORKERS
PROVIDING

OF

PAID

3

-

HOLIDAYS

IN ESTABLISHMENTS
H O L I D A Y S ------------------------------------------

P E R C E N T OF UORKERS BY NUMBER
OF P A I D H O L I D A Y S P R O V I D E D
6
2
3
6

H A L F D A YS -------------------------------------------------------------------H O L I D A Y S ----------------------------------------------------------------------H O L I D A Y S ----------------------------------------------------------------------H O L I D A Y S ---------------------------------------------------------------------P L U S A H A L F DAYS --------------------------------------------7 H O L I D A Y S ----------------------------------------------------------------------P L U S 1 H A L F DAY -----------------------------------------------P L U S 2 H A L F DAYS --------------------------------------------8 H O L I D A Y S ----------------------------------------------------------------------PL U S 1 H A L F d a y -----------------------------------------------P L U S 2 H A L F DAYS --------------------------------------------9 H O L I D A Y S ----------------------------------------------------------------------PL U S I H A L F DAY -----------------------------------------------10 H O L I D A Y S -------------------------------------------------------------------11 H O L I D A Y S -------------------------------------------------------------------PL U S 1 H A L F DAY -----------------------------------------------12 H O L I D A Y S -------------------------------------------------------------------13 H O L I D A Y S -------------------------------------------------------------------20 H O L I D A Y S -------------------------------------------------------------------P E R C E N T OF UORKERS
PAI D HOLI DAY TI ME

31
20
9
5
6

15
1

97
95
ft 0
70
69
65
63
49
49
25
13
13
7
3

100
100
93
8 ft
87
84
fll
72
72
41
20
20
11
6

94
89
64
47
47
40
AO
20
20
4
3
3
1

7
5
1
3
2
9
-

(12)
1
4
25
17
(12)
1
5
1
20
-

( 12 )
1
(12 )
31
54
-

2
1

13
-

8
(12)
9
(12)
7
29
5
27
10
1
3
3
-

7
5
1
13
4
26
32
2
5
5
-

99
99
92
83
83
76
76
47
A2
16
6
5
3

100
1 00
93
88
87
75
75
70
70
44
12
10
5

_
ft
(12)
10
(12 )
5
3ft
7
27
1
-

_
1
2
10
73
-

2
2
-

13
_

99
99
91
81
81
76
76
38
31
4
4
4
2

100
100
99
99
99
96
96
86
86
13
13
13

-

8Y T O T A L
P R O V I O E O 13

3 DAYS OR MORE ----------------------------------------------------------6 DAYS OR MORE ----------------------------------------------------------7 DAYS OR MORE ----------------------------------------------------------7 1 / 2 D A Y S OR MORE -----------------------------------------------R DAYS OR MORE ----------------------------------------------------------8 1 / 2 D A Y S OR MORE -----------------------------------------------9 DAYS OR MORE ----------------------------------------------------------9 1 / 2 D A Y S OR MORE -----------------------------------------------10 DAYS OR MORE --------------------------------------------------------11 DAYS OR MORE -------------------------------------------------------11 1 / 2 DAYS OR MORE --------------------------------------------12 DAYS OR MORE -------------------------------------------------------13 DAYS OR MORE -------------------------------------------------------20 DAYS -------------------------------------------------------------------------------

S ee fo o tn o te s

_
-

<1 ? )
(12)
2
15
10
(12)
(12)
4
1
(1?)
14
2A
12
6
3
3

100
1 00
99
98
9 ft
98
98
67
67
13
13
13
-

at end o f ta b le s .




25

-

Table B -5 .

Paid vacation provisions for fu ll-tim e w orkers in Columbus, O hio, October 1978
Off ice w o r k e r s

P r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s
Item
A l l industries

PERCENT
ALL

OF

FULL-TIME

WORKERS -------------------

E S T A B L I S H M E N T S NOT P R O V I D I N G
P A I D V A C A T I O N S -----------------------------------------IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVIDING
P A I D V A C A T I O N S ----------------------------------------L F N G T H - O F - T I M E PA Y ME NT ---------------P E R C E N T A G E PAYME NT --------------------------OF

PAID

Nonmanufact uring

P u b l i c util i ti es

VACATION

Nonmanufacturing

P u b l i c util i ti es

100

100

100

100

2

-

4

-

-

98
92
7

100
91
9

96
92
4

100
100

100
99
(12)

100
99
(12)

100
1 00

100
100

4
23
3
a

7
25
5

2
21

5
48
5
6

10
39
u
2

3
51
3
7

49
14

14
(12)
83
(12)
2

15
83
2

13
1
84
1
2

31
13

9
"

1 YE AR OF s e r v i c e :
1 UEEK -----------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS
2 U E E K S --------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 UE E K S
3 UE E K S --------------------------------------------2 Y E A R S OF S E R V I C E :
1 UE E K -----------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 UE E K S
2 U E E K S --------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 UE E K S
3 UE E K S ---------------------------------------------

57
4
37
» 12 1
(12)

34
5
58
i
(12)

63
4
32
“

48
8
44
“

49
3
42
1
1

35
11
51
4
"

_

16
2
75
2
1

86
14
"

3 Y E A RS OF S E R V I C E :
1 UEEK -----------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 U E E K S
2 UE E K S --------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNOER 3 U E E K S
3 U E E K S ---------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 UE E K S
< U E E K S ---------------------------------------------t

6
5
B2
5
(12)

9
9
76
6

(12)

4 Y E A RS OF s e r v i c e :
1 UEEK -----------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 U E E K S
2 UE E K S --------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNOER 3 U E E K S
3 U E E K S ---------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 UE E K S
< U E E K S ---------------------------------------------t

4
4
R2
6
2
( 12)

7
7
75
8
3
-

1
“
89
4
( 12 )

“

1

5 Y E A R S OF S E R V I C E :
1 UEEK ------------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 UE E K S
2 U E E K S ---------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNOER 3 UE E K S
3 U E E K S ---------------------------------------------4 U E E K S ----------------------------------------------

fo o tn o te s

Manuf act ur i ng

(12)
1
72
6
iB
(12)

-

1

-

89
4
(12)

86
14
( 12 )

-

1

-

_
i
68
8
22

86
14
(12)

_

(12)
77
4
13
1

80
14
6

at end o f ta b le s .




100

100

_

100

100

_

_

A F T E R : 14

6 MONTHS OF S E R V I C E :
UNDER 1 WEEK ------------------------------1 UE E K -----------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS ---------------------------------------------

See

A l l i ndustri es

WORKERS

IN

AMOUNT

Manufacturi ng

26

4
-

5
-

3
-

92
1
3

93
2

92
2
4

1
-

( 12 >
-

96
-

91
4
4

(12)
93
3
3

-

1

(12)
92
3
4
i
1

_
73
5
19
3

2

93
(12)
4
2
”

_
73
3
22
2

( 12 )
_
91
4
4
2

19
77
4

96
4

_
96
3
1
-

_
96
3
1
-

_
72
6
18
4

87
3
10

Table B -5 .

Paid vacation provisions for fu ll-tim e w o rkers in Columbus, Ohio, O ctober 1978 — Continued
Office w o r ke r s

P r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s
Item
A ll industri es

AMOUNT

OF

P»ID

VACATION

Manu f act u r i ng

P u b l i c ut il i t i es

Nonmanufact uring

A l l industries

Manufacturing

Nonmanufact uring

P u b l ic u t il it i e s

AFTER

CONTINUED
io

years
of s e r v i c e :
1 UE E K -------------------------------------------------? U E E K S ----------------------------------------------OVER 2 ANO UNDER 3 UE E K S
3 U E E K S ----------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER a UE E K S
A U E E K S ----------------------------------------------OVER A AND UNOER 5 U E E K S
5 U E E K S -----------------------------------------------

l?

:
1 UEEK -------------------------------------------------2 U E E K S ----------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 UE E K S
3 U E E K S ----------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER A UE E K S
A U E E K S ----------------------------------------------OVER A AND UNDER 5 UE E K S
5 U E E K S -----------------------------------------------

IS

20

25

years

of

(12)
13
3
69
7
7
(12)
(12)

(12)
14
“
72
4
5
(12)
1

11
5
66
9
9
-

~

86
1ft
-

8
1
79
2
7
1
1

6
3
78
1
12

8
1
72
8
9
1
1

5

-

9
(12 >
79
3
6
1
2

(

12)
97

3

s e r v ic e

YEA RS OF s e r v i c e :
1 UEEK -------------------------------------------------2 U E E K S ---------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 U E E K S
3 U E E K S ----------------------------------------------OVER 3 ANO UNDER A UE E K S
A U E E K S ---------------------------------------------OVER A ANO UNOER 5 U E E K S
5 U E E K S ---------------------------------------------Y E A RS OF S E R V I C E :
1 UEEK ------------------------------------------------2 U E E K S ---------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 UE E K S
3 U E E K S ---------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER A UE E K S
A U E E K S ---------------------------------------------OVER A AND UNDER 5 U E E K S
5 U E E K S ---------------------------------------------OVER 5 AND UNOER 6 U E E K S
6 UE E K S ---------------------------------------------YE A RS OF S E R V I C E :
1 UE E K ------------------------------------------------2 U E E K S ---------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 U E E K S
3 U E E K S ---------------------------------------------OVER 3 ANO UNDER A U E E K S
A UE E K S ---------------------------------------------OVER A AND UNDER 5 U E E K S
5 UE E K S ---------------------------------------------OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 U E E K S
6 UE E K S ----------------------------------------------

S ee fo o tn o te s

_

(12)

1

3
71
8
7
(12)

5
69
10
9

C1 2 )

-

_

3

-

-

36

34
7
5ft

f
t

ft 8
2
2

(12)
6

-

2

_
3

-

-

15

9
1
51
11
25

i

49
6
20
1

-

86
14

(12)
12
38
1
40
3
1

-

13
-

29
1
A1
6

2

75
1
15

15
4
71
11

3
(12)
33
4
58
1
1

3
-

30
2
6ft
1
i

-

(12)

“

62

46
(12)
1A
3

3

27
ii

3
(12)
15
(12)
67
3
10

3
-

8
-

68
(12)
21

f
t

-

-

“

6
-

22

(12 )

”

“

28
2
51
8
2

31
(12)
28

2
“

81
11
6

3

1

27

(

12)
9
3
87

4

(

12)

(12 )
17
1
66

79

6

20

f
t

-

_
-

1

-

2
_

-

(12)
10

12)
97
3

(12 )
3ft
4
55
1
2

1

.

(

_

-

(12)
10
22

9
(12 )
71
11
6
1
2
.

~
~

~

(12)
6

f
t

-

at end o f ta b le s .




_

"

74
4
5
(12)
1

“

(12)
7

-

(12)
12

9

3
(12)
15
(12)
40
2
36
3

3
-

7
-

30
2
54

f
t
( 12 )
17
1
45
1
29

-

3

1

2
89

-

f
t

( 12)

8

Table B -5 .

Paid vacation provisions for fu ll-tim e w orkers in Colum bus, O hio, O ctober 1978— C ontinu ed
Office w o r k e r s

P r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s
Item
A ll industries

AMOUNT OF P A I D
CONTINUED

VACATION

Manufacturing

Nonmanufact uring

A l l Industri es

Manufacturi ng

Nonmanufacturi ng

P u b l i c util i ti es

A F T E R 14 -

TO YEA RS o f s e r v i c e :
1 WEEK ------------------------------------------------------2 WEEKS ----------------------------------------------------OVER 2 6N0 UNDER 3 WEEKS ------------3 WEEKS ----------------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER < W E E K S ------------t
4 UE E K S ----------------------------------------------------OVER A a n d UNDER 5 WEEKS ------------5 WEEKS ----------------------------------------------------OVER 5 AND UNDFR 6 WEEKS ------------6 WEEKS ----------------------------------------------------MAXI MUM V A C A T I O N A V A I L A B L E :
1 WEEK ------------------------------------------------------2 WEEKS ---------------------------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ---------------3 WEEKS ---------------------------------------------------------------OVER 3 a n d u n d e r a w e e k s ---------------A WEEKS ---------------------------------------------------------------OVER A AND UNDER 5 WEEKS ---------------5 WEEKS ---------------------------------------------------------------OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS ---------------6 WEEKS ----------------------------------------------------------------

(12)
6
13
29
(12)
37
2
11

( 12)
6
13

29

(1 2 )
35
2
13

3
6
27
(12)
44
1
19

y
6
27
(12)
A2
1
20

(12)
10
22
31
(12)
28
3

(12)
2
81
11
6

3
(12)
15
(12)
40
1
32
8

(12 )

i

3
(12)
15
(12)
AO

_

(12)
10

22
31
(12)
26
3
3

“
2
68
11
19

S e e f o ot n ot es at end of t a b l e s .




Pu b l i c util i ti es

28

1
31

3
7
30
(12*
39
21

_
3
7
~

30
( 1 2)
39

4
(12 )
17
1
45
1
29
3

_
4
(12 )
17
1
45
1
27

(12)
1
“
2
89
8

_
(12)
1
2
~

75

~
10

22

5

22

Tab le B -6 .

H e a lth , insurance, and pension plans for fu ll-tim e w o rkers in Colum bus, O hio, O ctober 1978
P r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s
-------------------------------------------------Item
A l l in d u s t r ie s

PERCFNT
AL L

M a n u fa c t u r in g

N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

O ffic e w o rk e r s

1
A l l in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

P u b l i c u t il it i e s

OF WORKERS

FULL-TIME

WORKERS

------------------------------

100

100

100

100

100

I N E S T A B L I S H M E N T S P R O V I D I N G AT
L E A S T ONE OF T H E B E N E F I T S
SHOWN B E L O W1 5 --------------------------------------------------------------

98

100

94

100

99

L I F E I N S U R A N C E ----------------------------------------------------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S ---------------------------------

95
80

99
87

91
71

99
84

99
77

A C C I D E N T A L O E A T H AND
D I S ME MR E R MF N T I N S U R A N C E -----------------------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S ---------------------------------

77
65

84
74

68
53

95
93

84
73

SICKNESS
OR S I C K

90

99

78

88

70
63

90
83

44
37

AND A C C I D E N T I N S U R A N C E
L E A V E OR B O T H 16 ---------------------------------

S I C K N E S S AND A C C I D E N T
I N S U R A N C E ----------------------------------------------------------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S ---------------------------S I C K L E A V E ( F U L L PAY AND NO
W A I T I N G P E R I O D ) -----------------------------------------------S I C K L E A V E ( P A R T I A L PAY OR
W A I T I N G PE R I 0 0 ) ------------------------------------------------

100

100

100

100

99

100

100
76

98
77

99
85

87
68

83
75

99
97

95

98

94

99

67
67

01
34

52
43

37
30

63
63

17

11

20

27

62

54

66

45

16

9

25

44

23

31

20

55

LONG-TERM D I S A B I L I T Y
I N S U R A N C E ---------------------------------------------------------------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S ----------------------------------

28
21

30
27

20
12

35
35

62
50

67
46

61
51

65
64

H O S P I T A L I Z A T I O N I N S U R A N C E ---------------------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S ---------------------------------

96
70

100
81

91
57

100
99

98
64

100
74

98
60

100
99

S U R G I C A L I N S U R A N C E -----------------------------------------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S ---------------------------------

96
70

100
81

90
57

100
99

98
63

100
79

97
59

100
99

MEDI CAL I NSURANCE
NONCONTRIBUTORY

--------------------------------------------------P L A N S ----------------------------------

93
68

98
79

85
55

100
99

96
63

99
73

95
59

100
99

MAJ OR M E D I C A L I N S U R A N C E ---------------------------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S ---------------------------------

87
61

92
71

81
48

100
99

97
60

99
65

96
58

100
99

D E N T A L I N S U R A N C E -----------------------------------------------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S ---------------------------------

38
36

48
47

25
22

72
72

33
28

52
44

26
22

63
63

R E T I R E M E N T P E N S I O N -----------------------------------------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S ----------------------------------

81
76

93
89

66
58

88
88

91
85

93
85

90
85

92
92

S ee fo o tn o te s

at en d

o f ta b le s .




:

T able B-7. Life insurance plans for fu ll-tim e w orkers in Colum bus, O hio, O ctober 1978
P r o d u c t io n and re la te d w o r k e r s
A l l in d u s t r ie s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

M a n u fa c t u r in g

A l l in d u s t r ie s

Ite m
A ll
p la n s 1
7

TYPE

OF
OF

N o n co n trib u to r y
p la n s 1
7

A ll
p la n s 17

A ll
p la n s 1
7

N o n co n trib u to r y
p la n s 17

A ll
p la n s 17

N o n co n trib u to r y
p la n s 1
7

PLAN AND AMOUNT
I NSURANCE

ALL F U L L - T I ME WORKERS ARE P R O V I D E D T H E SAME
F L A T - S U M DOL L AR a m o u n t :
PE RCE NT OF A L L F U L L - T I M E WO R K E R S 18------------AMOUNT OF I N S U R A N C E P R O V I D E O : 19
M E A N ---------------------------------------------------------------------ME D I A N ----------------------------------------------------------------MI DDL E RANGE ( S O P E R C E N T ) ----------MI D D L E RANGE ( 8 0 F E R C E N T ) -----------

AMOUNT OF I N S U R A N C E I S BA S E D ON A S C H E D U L E
WHI CH I N D I C A T E S A S P E C I F I E D D OL L A R AMOUNT OF
I N S URA N C E FOR A S P E C I F I E D L E N G T H OF S E R V I C E :
P E RC E NT OF A L L F U L L - T I M E WO R K E R S 18--------------------AMOUNT OF I N S U R A N C E P R O V I O E D 19A F T E R :
A MONTHS OF S E R V I C E :
M E A N ------------------------------------------------------------------------------MEDI AN ------------------------------------------------------------------------MI D D L E RANGE ( S O P E R C E N T ) ------------------MI D OL E RANGE ( 8 0 P E R C E N T ) ------------------1 YEAR OF S E R V I C E :
M E « N ------------------------------------------------------------------------------MED I A M -------------------------------------------------------------------------MI D D L E RANGE ( S O P E R C E N T ) -------------------MI DOL E RANGE ( 8 0 P E R C E N T ) ------------------5 Y E A RS OF S E R V I C E :
M E A N -----------------------------------------------------------------------------ME D I A N ------------------------------------------------------------------------MI D D L E RANGE ( 5 0 P E R C E N T ) ------------------MI D D L E RANGE ( 8 0 P E R C E N T ) ------------------10 Y E A RS OF s e r v i c e :
M E A N -----------------------------------------------------------------------------ME D I A N ------------------------------------------------------------------------MI D OL E RANGE ( 5 0 P E R C E N T ) ------------------MI DDL E RANGE ( 8 0 P E R C E N T ) ------------------20 YE A RS OF s e r v i c e :
M E A N -----------------------------------------------------------------------------MEDI AN ------------------------------------------------------------------------MI D D L E RANGE ( 5 0 P E R C E N T ) ------------------MI D D L E RANGE ( 8 0 P E R C E N T ) -------------------

See

N o n co n trib u to r y
p la n s 1
7

58

*3
*2

S 6 t 700
*6.000
000-10.000
0 0 0 - 1 I t 000

3

53
*6.800
*6.000
*3.000-10.000
*1.500-11.000

3

63

66
*7.300
*8.000
*4.500-10.000
*2.200-11.000

2

2

19
*5.400
*5.000
* 2.50 0 - 6.000
*1.500-10.000

1

17
*5.300
*5.000
*2.500- 6.000
*1.000-10.000

1

22
*6.200
*5,000
*5.000-10.000
*3.000-10.000

18
*6*000
*5.000
*5.000-10.000
*1 , 500- 1 0 .0 0 0

1

1

*4
*1

*3.700
*4,000
000- 5.000
o o n - 5 1 oo o

*3.700
*4.000
* 4 , 0 0 0 - 5.000
* 1.00 0 - 5.000

(6)
(6>
(6)
(6)

(6)
(6 )
(6)
(6>

*2.600
*1.000
* 1 . 0 0 0 - 5.000
S l t O O O - 5 1 000

*2.600
*1.000
* 1 . 0 0 0 - 5.000
*1.000- 5.000

(6>
(6>
(6>
(6)

(6)
(6)
(6 >
(6)

*4
*3

44,100
*4,000
000- 5.0 00
000- 5.000

*4.100
*4.000
* 4 , 0 0 0 - 5.000
* 3 . 0 0 0 - 5.000

(6)
(6 )
(6)
C6 )

(6
(6
(6
(6

)
)
>
)

*3.600
*3.000
* 3 .0 0 0 - 4,000
* 3 . 0 0 0 - 5.000

*3.600
*3.000
* 3 . 0 0 0 - 4.000
* 3 . 0 0 0 - 5.000

(6)
(6)
(6>
(6»

(6)
(6 )
(6 )
(6)

*4
$4

*9.000
*10.000
000-10.000
000-15.000

*9.000
*10.000
*4.000-10.000
*4.000-15.000

(6 )
(6 )
(6)
(6)

(6
(6
(6
(6

)
)
)
>

*11.200
S I 5 t 000
*10.000-15.000
*4.000-15.000

*11.200
*15.000
*10.000-15.000
*4,000-15.000

<6>
<6>
C6 )
(6)

(6)
(6)
(6 )
(6)

1 10
*10

*12.300
*10.000
000-10.000
0 0 0 - 2 0 1 000

*12.300
*10.000
*10,000-10.000
*10.000-20.000

(6)
(6)
<6>
(6)

(6
(6
(6
(6

)
)
)
)

*15.000
*20.000
*10.000-20.000
*10.000-20.000

*15.000
*20.000
*10,000-20.000
*10.000-20.000

(6)
(6)
<6>
(6)

(6
(6
(6
(6

*13.100
*10.000
OOO-lOtOOO
000-23.300

*13.100
*10.000
*10.000-10.000
*10.000-23.300

(6)
(6 )
<6>
(6>

(6 )
(6)
(6 )
(6 )

*16.800
*23.300
S 10 t 0 0 0 - 2 3 1 300
*10.000-23.300

*16.800
*23.300
S l 0 t 0 0 0 - 2 3 . 300
*10.000-23.300

(6)
( 6>
(6>
(6)

(6)
(6)
(6>
(6 >

*10

*10

fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




* 7 t 300
*8.000
*4,000-10.000
*2.200-11.000

30

)
)
>
>

Table B-7.

Life insurance plans for fu ll-tim e w orkers in Colum bus, Ohio, O ctober 1978 — Continued
P r o d u c t io n and r e la te d w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

A l l in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

A l l in d u s t r ie s

Item
A ll
p la n s 1
7

N o n co n trib u to r y
p la n s 17

A ll
p la n s 17

N o n co n trib u to r y
p la n s 17

14

17

15

A ll
p la n s 1
7

N o n co n trib u to r y
p la n s 1
7

A ll
p la n s 17

N o n co n trib u to r y
p la n s 17

T Y P E OF PL AN AND AMOUNT
OF I N S U R A N C E - C O N T I N U E D

AMOUNT OF I N S U R A N C E I S B A S E D ON A S C H E D U L E
WHI C H I N D I C A T E S A S P E C I F I E D D O L L A R AMOUNT

OF

:
P E R C E N T OF A L L F U L L - T I M E WO R K E R S 18--------------------------------20
AMOUNT OF I N S U R A N C E P R O V I D E D 19I F :
ANNUAL E A R N I N G S ARE * 5 . 0 0 0 :
M E A N -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------*7.000
M E D I A N ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------*5.000
MI D D L E RANGE < 5 0 P E R C E N T ) -----------------------------*5.000-11.000
43.000-11.000
MI D D L E RANGE < 8 0 P E R C E N T ) -----------------------------ANNUAL E A R N I N G S ARE * 1 0 . 0 0 0 :
M E A N -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------* u . aoo
*10.000
ME D I A N -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------M I D D L E RANGE < 5 0 P E R C E N T ) ------------------------------ * 1 0 . 0 0 0 - 1 2 . 5 0 0
*5.000-20.000
MI D D L E RANGE < 8 0 P E R C E N T ) -----------------------------ANNUAL E A R N I N G S ARE * 1 5 . 0 0 0 :
$16*100
M E » N -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------M E D I A N ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------*15.000
MI D D L E RANGE < 5 0 P E R C E N T ) ------------------------------ * 1 5 . 0 0 0 - 1 7 . 0 0 0
$5.000-30.000
M I D O L E RANGE < 8 0 P E R C E N T ) -----------------------------ANNUA L E A R N I N G S ARE * 2 0 . 0 0 0 :
M E A N -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------*21.200
ME D I A N ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------*20.000
MI D O L E RANGE < 5 0 P E R C E N T ) ------------------------------ * 1 8 . 0 0 0 - 2 2 . 0 0 0
MI D O L E RANGE < 8 0 P E R C E N T ) -----------------------------*5.000-02.000

insurance

for

a

s p e c ifie d

amount

of

earnings

AMOUNT OF I N S U R A N C E I S E X P R E S S E D AS A F A C T O R OF
A NNUA L E A R N I N G S : 20
P E R C E N T OF A L L F U L L - T I M E WO R K E R S 18---------------------------F A C T O R OF A NNUA L E A R N I N G S U S E D TO C A L C U L A T E
AMOUNT OF i n s u r a n c e : 1920
M E A N -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ME D I A N -------------------------------------------------------------------------------M I D D L E RANGE < 5 0 P E R C E N T ) ------------------------MI D D L E RANGE < 8 0 P E R C E N T ) ------------------------P E R C E N T OF A L L F U L L - T I M E WORKERS C OV E RE D BY
P L A N S NOT S P E C I F Y I N G A MAXI MUM AMOUNT OF
I N S U R A N C E ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------P E R C E N T OF A L L F U L L - T I M E WORKERS C OV E RE D BY
P L A N S S P E C I F Y I N G A MAXI MUM AMOUNT OF
I N S U R A N C E ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------S P E C I F I E D MAXI MUM AMOUNT OF I N S U R A N C E : 19
m e a n -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ME D I A N -------------------------------------------------------------------------------MI D O L E RANGE < 5 0 P E R C E N T ) ------------------------MI D D L E RANGE < 8 0 P E R C F N T ) -------------------------

AMOUNT OF I N S U R A N C E I S B A S E D
OF p l a n :
P E R C E N T OF A L L F U L L - T I M E

ON SOME

OT HE R

11

1.52
1.50
1.00-2.00
1.00-2.00

10

1
*61.800
$50,000
* 50 .0 0 0- 75.000
* 5 0 .0 0 0- 75.000

19

24

23

*6.800
*5.000
*5.000-11.000
*2.000-11.000

*7.400
*5.000
*5.000-11>000
*5.000-11*000

*7.400
$5* 000
*5.000-11.000
45*000-11.000

*8.300
$10*000
$5*000-11*000
$5.000-12.000

*7.700
*7.000
*5.000-10.000
*5.000-11.000

*7,600
* 5» 400
*5.000-11.000
*5,000-11.000

*7•600
* 5. 400
*5.000-11.000
$5 * 0 0 0 - l i t 000

*10.200
* 10.000
*10.000-11.500
*3.000-12.500

*11.400
*10.000
*10.000-11.500
*10.000-11*500

*10.600
*10.000
*10.000-11.500
*10.000-11.500

*15.100
$ 15. 000
$10,000-18*000
$ 10*000-22*000

*13.600
*12.500
*10.000-17,000
*10.000-18.000

*11.300
*10.000
*10,000-12.000
*10.000-17.000

*11.000
*10.000
*10.000-12,000
*1 0 . 000- 1 7.0 00

*14.600
*15.000
*15.000-16.500
*3.000-17.000

*16.800
*15.000
*15.000-16.500
*15.000-16.500

$15*600
$15 * 000
*15*000-16.500
*15.000-16.500

*22.800
$20*000
$17,000-30.000
$15*000-31*000

*21.400
*20.000
*15.000-30.000
*15.000-31.000

*17.900
*15.000
*15.000-20.000
*10.000-31.000

*17.500
*15.000
*15*000- 2 0 .0 0 0
$ 1 0 t 0 0 0 - 3 1 t OOO

*19.300
*20.000
*20.000-22.000
*3.000-22.500

*22.400
*20.000
*20.000-22.000
*20.000-22.000

*20.800
$20*000
$20*000-22*000
*20.000-22.000

$34 * 500
$30,000
$20,000-50.000
*18.000-60.000

*33.900
*30.000
*20.000-42,000
*20.000-60.000

*26,200
$20*000
*20.000-30.000
*19.800-50*000

* 25.700
*20.000
*20.000-30.000
* 1 9» 8 0 0 - 5 0 , 0 0 0

7

1.47
1.50
1.00-2.00
1.00-2.00

7

6

13

1.67
2.00
1.50-2.00
1.00-2.00

1.77
2.00
2.00-2.00
1.00-2.00

6

13

<12)

<12)

-

< 6>
< 6)
< 6)
< 6)

<6 )
<6>
<6>
<6 )

-

3

1

33

1.65
1.50
1.00-2.00
1.00-2.50

27

6
$135*600
*125.000
$ 7 5 . 0 0 0 - 2 0 0 *00 0
$25.000-300.000

27

1.55
1.50
1.00-2.00
1.00-2.00

23

4
*154.300
*125.000
*25.000-300.000
*10.000-300.000

45

1.75
2.00
1.00-2.00
1.00-2.00

30

15
*159.500
*125,000
*75,000-300.000
*25.000-300.000

28

1.68
2.00
1.00-2.00
1.00-2.00

16

11
*184,900
*200.000
*75,000-300.000
*25,000-300.000

TYPE

WO R K E R S 18-------------------------

3

S e e fo o tn o te s a t en d o f t a b le s .




25

31

i

20

13

8

6

Footnotes

S o m e o f t h e s e s t a n d a r d f o o t n o t e s m a y not a p p ly to th is b u ll e t in .

14 I n c lu d e s p a y m e n t s o t h e r tha n " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h as p e r c e n t a g e
o f annual e a r n in g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to an e q u iv a le n t t i m e
b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d as 1 w e e k ' s
p a y . P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e a r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y and do not n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t
in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n ; f o r e x a m p l e , c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s
at 10 y e a r s in c lu d e c h a n g e s b e t w e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s . E s t i m a t e s a r e c u m u l a ­
t i v e . T h u s , the p r o p o r t i o n e l i g i b l e f o r at l e a s t 3 w e e k s ' p a y a f t e r 10 y e a r s
i n c l u d e s t h o s e e l i g i b l e f o r at l e a s t 3 w e e k s ' p a y a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
15 E s t i m a t e s l i s t e d a f t e r ty p e o f b e n e f i t a r e f o r a ll p la n s f o r w h i c h
at l e a s t a p a rt o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r .
"N oncon trib u tory
p l a n s " i n c lu d e o n ly t h o s e f i n a n c e d e n t i r e l y b y the e m p l o y e r . E x c l u d e d a r e
l e g a l l y re q u i re d p l a n s , s u c h as w o r k e r s ' d i s a b i l i t y c o m p e n s a t i o n , s o c i a l s e ­
c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
16 U n d u p lic a t e d to t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s and
a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e s ho w n s e p a r a t e l y b e l o w . S i c k l e a v e p la n s a r e l i m i t e d to
t h o s e w h i c h d e f in it e ly e s t a b l i s h at l e a s t the m i n i m u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ’ pa y
that e a c h e m p l o y e e can e x p e c t . I n f o r m a l s i c k l e a v e a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d
on an in d iv id u a l b a s i s a r e e x c l u d e d .
17 E s t i m a t e s u nde r " A l l p l a n s " r e l a t e to a ll p la n s f o r w h i c h at l e a s t
a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o r n e by the e m p l o y e r .
E stim a te s under "N o n c o n tr ib ­
u t o r y p l a n s " in c lu d e o n ly t h o s e f i n a n c e d e n t i r e l y b y the e m p l o y e r .
18 F o r " A l l i n d u s t r i e s , " a ll f u l l - t i m e p r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s
o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s e q u a l 100 p e r c e n t .
F o r " M a n u f a c t u r i n g , " all f u l l - t i m e
p r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in m a n u f a c t u r i n g e q u a l 100
pe r c e n t .
19 T h e m e a n a m o u n t is c o m p u t e d b y m u l t i p l y i n g the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s
p r o v i d e d in s u r a n c e b y the am ou nt o f i n s u r a n c e p r o v i d e d , t o t a l i n g th e p r o d ­
u c t s , and d iv id in g the s u m by the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
The m edian indicates
that h a lf o f the w o r k e r s a r e p r o v i d e d an a m o u n t e q u a l to o r s m a l l e r and h a lf
an a m o u n t e q u a l to o r l a r g e r than the a m o u n t s h o w n . M i d d l e ra n ge (50 p e r ­
ce n t) — a f o u r t h o f the w o r k e r s a r e p r o v i d e d an a m o u n t e q u a l to o r l e s s than
the s m a l l e r a m o u n t and a fo u r t h a r e p r o v i d e d an a m o u n t e q u a l to o r m o r e
th an the l a r g e r a m o u nt. M id d le ra n g e (80 p e r c e n t ) ^ 1 0 p e r c e n t o f the w o r k ­
e r s a r e p r o v i d e d an am ou nt e q u a l to o r l e s s th an the s m a l l e r a m o u n t and 10
p e r c e n t a r e p r o v i d e d an am ou nt e q u a l t o o r m o r e th an the l a r g e r a m o u n t .
20 A f a c t o r o f annual e a r n i n g s is the n u m b e r b y w h i c h annual e a r n i n g s
a r e m u l t i p l i e d to d e t e r m i n e the a m o u n t o f i n s u r a n c e p r o v i d e d . F o r e x a m p l e ,
a f a c t o r o f 2 i n d i c a t e s that f o r annual e a r n i n g s o f $ 1 0 , 0 0 0 the a m o u n t o f
i n s u r a n c e p r o v i d e d is $ 20, 000.

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e
t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g ­
u la r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k l y
hours.
2
T h e m e a n is c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h j o b b y t o t a l i n g the e a r n i n g s o f
a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
The m ed ian d e s i g ­
n a t e s p o s i t i o n — h a lf o f the w o r k e r s r e c e i v e the s a m e o r m o r e and h a lf r e ­
c e i v e the s a m e o r l e s s than the r a te s h o w n . T h e m i d d l e ra n ge is d e f i n e d
b y t w o r a t e s o f p a y ; a f o u r t h o f the w o r k e r s e a r n the s a m e o r l e s s than
the l o w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s and a f o u r t h e a r n the s a m e o r m o r e th an the
h i g h e r r a te .
3
E a r n i n g s data r e l a t e o n l y to w o r k e r s w h o s e s e x i d e n t i f i c a t i o n w a s
p r o v i d e d b y the e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
4
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
h o l i d a y s , and l a t e s h i f t s .
E s t i m a t e s f o r p e r i o d s e n d in g p r i o r to 1976 r e l a t e to m e n o n ly f o r
s k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e and u n s k i l l e d p la n t w o r k e r s .
A ll o t h e r e s t i m a t e s r e ­
la te t o m e n and w o m e n .
6
D ata do n o t m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n c r i t e r i a o r data n o t a v a i l a b l e .
7 F o r m a lly e sta b lish e d m in im u m r e g u la r s tr a ig h t -t im e hiring s a l ­
a r i e s that a r e p a i d f o r s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s .
8
E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s s u c h as m e s s e n g e r .
9
Data a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r all s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b i n e d , and f o r
the m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .
10 I n c l u d e s a ll p r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la te s h i f t s , and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s
c o v e r la te s h i f t s , e v e n t h o u g h the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w e r e not c u r r e n t l y
o p e r a t i n g la te s h i f t s .
1
1 L e s s th a n 0.05 p e r c e n t .
12 L e s s th an 0.5 p e r c e n t .
13 A l l c o m b i n a t i o n s o f fu ll and h a lf d a y s that add to the s a m e a m o u n t ;
f o r e x a m p l e , th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s
r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f 10 da y s
i n c l u d e s t h o s e w ith 10 f u l l d a y s and no h a lf d a y s , 9 f u ll d a y s and 2
h a lf d a y s , 8 f u ll da y s and 4 h a lf d a y s , and s o on .
P r o p o r t i o n s th en
w e r e cu m u lated.




32

Appendix A.
Scope and Method
of Survey
In e a c h o f th e 75 1 a r e a s c u r r e n t l y s u r v e y e d , th e B u r e a u o b t a in s
w a g e s and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s da ta f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in
s ix b r o a d in du stry d iv isio n s:
M anufacturing; tran sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ica t io n ,
and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e ,
and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s .
G o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s and the c o n s t r u c t i o n
and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s a r e e x c l u d e d . E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r th an a
p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s are also exclu ded b e c a u s e o f in su fficien t
e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n s s tu d ie d . A p p e n d ix ta b le 1 s h o w s the n u m b e r
o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s e s t i m a t e d to b e w ith in th e s c o p e o f th is
s u r v e y , as w e l l as th e n u m b e r a c t u a l l y s tu d ie d .
B u r e a u f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s o b ta in data b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s at 3 - y e a r
i n t e r v a l s . In e a c h o f th e t w o i n t e r v e n i n g y e a r s , i n f o r m a t i o n on e m p l o y m e n t
and o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s o n l y i s c o l l e c t e d b y a c o m b i n a t i o n o f p e r s o n a l
v i s i t , m a i l q u e s t i o n n a i r e , and t e l e p h o n e i n t e r v i e w f r o m
esta b lish m en ts
p a r t i c i p a t i n g in th e p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .

A s a m p l e o f th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y is
s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y p r i o r t o e a c h p e r s o n a l v i s i t s u r v e y .
T h is s a m p le , le s s
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h i c h go out o f b u s i n e s s o r a r e no l o n g e r w ith in the i n d u s t r i a l
s c o p e o f the s u r v e y , i s r e t a i n e d f o r the f o l l o w i n g t w o annual s u r v e y s .
In
m o s t c a s e s , e s t a b l i s h m e n t s n e w to the a r e a a r e n ot c o n s i d e r e d in th e s c o p e
o f th e s u r v e y until t h e s e l e c t i o n o f a s a m p l e f o r a p e r s o n a l v i s i t s u r v e y .
T h e s a m p l i n g p r o c e d u r e s i n v o l v e d e t a ile d s t r a t i f i c a t i o n o f all
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f an i n d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y i n d u s t r y
and n u m b e r o f e m p l o y e e s .
F r o m th is s t r a t i f i e d u n i v e r s e a p r o b a b i l i t y
s a m p l e is s e l e c t e d , w ith e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t havin g a p r e d e t e r m i n e d c h a n c e
of selection.
T o o b t a in o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r
p r o p o r t i o n o f l a r g e th an s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d .
W h en da ta a r e
c o m b i n e d , e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t is w e ig h t e d a c c o r d i n g t o it s p r o b a b i l i t y o f
s e l e c t i o n s o th at u n b i a s e d e s t i m a t e s a r e g e n e r a t e d .
F o r e x a m p le , i f one
out o f f o u r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s e l e c t e d , it i s g iv e n a w e ig h t o f 4 to r e p r e s e n t
i t s e l f plu s t h r e e o t h e r s .
A n a lt e r n a t e o f the s a m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y is
c h o s e n in the s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n if data a r e n ot a v a i l a b l e
f r o m the o r i g i n a l s a m p l e m e m b e r .
If no s u it a b le s u b s t i t u t e i s a v a i l a b l e ,
a d d i t i o n a l w e i g h t i s a s s i g n e d to a s a m p l e m e m b e r th at is s i m i l a r t o the
m i s s i n g unit.
1 Included in the 75 areas are 5 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are
Akron, Ohio; Birmingham, A la.; Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, Va.—N.C. ;
Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N .Y . ; and Utica—Rome, N. Y. In addition, the Bureau conducts more
limited area studies in approximately 100 areas at the request of the Employment Standards Administration of
the U. S. Department of Labor.




O c c u p a t i o n s and e a r n i n g s
O c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu dy a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f m a n u f a c ­
t u r i n g and n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the f o l l o w i n g t y p e s : (1)
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ; (3) m a i n t e n a n c e , t o o l r o o m ,
and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d i a l .
O ccupational
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d o n a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to take
a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in d u tie s w it h in the s a m e j o b .
O c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu dy a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in a p p e n d ix B.
U n l e s s o t h e r w i s e i n d i c a t e d , the e a r n i n g s data f o l l o w i n g the j o b ti t le s
a r e f o r all i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d . E a r n i n g s da ta f o r s o m e o f the o c c u p a t i o n s
l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w ith in the s c o p e o f the
s u r v e y , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s b e c a u s e e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y ­
m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n is t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h data to m e r i t p r e s e n ­
t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t
da ta. S e p a r a t e m e n ' s and w o m e n ' s e a r n i n g s data a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d w hen the
n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s n ot i d e n t i f i e d b y s e x i s 20 p e r c e n t o r m o r e o f the m e n
o r w o m e n i d e n t i f i e d in an o c c u p a t i o n .
E a r n i n g s data n o t show n s e p a r a t e l y
f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e i n c l u d e d in data f o r a ll i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d .
L i k e w i s e , f o r o c c u p a t i o n s w ith m o r e than o n e l e v e l , data a r e i n c l u d e d in
th e o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n w h e n a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s not s h o w n o r i n f o r m a t i o n
t o s u b c l a s s i f y i s n ot a v a i l a b l e .
O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s data a r e s h o w n f o r f u l l - t i m e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u l e .
E a r n in g s
da ta e x c l u d e p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s ,
and la te s h i f t s .
N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a l l o w a n c e s and i n c e n t i v e b o n u s e s a r e i n c l u d e d .
W e e k l y h o u rs f o r o f f i c e
c l e r i c a l and p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s r e f e r to the s ta n d a r d
w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r ) f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e
r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r
a n d /o r p rem iu m rates).
A v e r a g e w e e k ly earn in gs f o r th ese occu pation s
a r e r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r . V e r t i c a l l i n e s w ith in the d i s t r ib u t io n
o f w o r k e r s on s o m e A - t a b l e s i n d i c a t e a c h a n g e in the s i z e o f the c l a s s
in te r v a l s .
T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s in an a r e a
at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e .
C o m p a r is o n s o f individual occu p a tio n a l a v era g es o v e r
tim e m a y not r e f le c t e x p e c te d w a g e ch a n g e s.
T h e a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l
j o b s a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s and e m p l o y m e n t p a t t e r n s . F o r e x a m p le ,
p r o p o rtio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by h igh- o r lo w -w a g e fir m s m ay change,
o r h i g h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d v a n c e to b e t t e r j o b s and b e r e p l a c e d b y n ew
w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a t e s .
S u ch s h if t s in e m p l o y m e n t c o u l d d e c r e a s e an
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e e v e n th o u g h m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e
w a g e s d u r in g the y e a r .
C h a n g e s in e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , s ho w n in
t a b le A - 7, a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s th an a r e e a r n i n g s c h a n g e s f o r
i n d i v i d u a l j o b s w ith in the g r o u p s .

A v e r a g e earn ings re fle c t c o m p o s ite , a rea w ide e s tim a te s . Industries
and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and j o b s t a f f i n g , and th u s c o n t r i b u t e
d i f f e r e n t l y t o th e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b . P a y a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l t o r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l a m o n g j o b s in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s
sh o u ld n o t b e a s s u m e d t o r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y o f th e s e x e s w ith in
i n d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
F a c t o r s w hich m a y contribute to d iffe r e n c e s
i n c l u d e p r o g r e s s i o n w it h in e s t a b l i s h e d r a te r a n g e s
( o n ly th e r a t e s p a id
in c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ) and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c d u tie s w ith in th e
ge n e ra l s u r v e y jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s . Job d e s c r i p ti o n s u sed to c l a s s i f y e m p lo y e e s
in t h e s e s u r v e y s u s u a l l y a r e m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d th an t h o s e u s e d in in d i v i d u a l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in
s p e c i f i c d u tie s p e r f o r m e d .
O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in a ll e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w ith in the s c o p e o f t h e s tu d y and n o t th e n u m b e r a c t u a l l y s u r v e y e d .
B eca u se occu pa tion a l stru ctu res am ong establish m en ts d iffe r, estim a tes of
o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b t a i n e d f r o m th e s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d
s e r v e o n l y t o i n d i c a t e th e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f th e j o b s s t u d i e d .
These
d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f
the e a r n i n g s data.

E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g 2
Com puter system s
analysts, c la s s e s
A , B , and C
Com puter p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C
Industrial n u rse s
R e g is t e r e d in du strial
nurses
S k illed m ain ten ance
C a r p e n t e rs
E lectrician s

Skilled m a in ten a n ce—
C o n t in u e d
P ain ters
M ach inists
M e ch a n ics (m ach inery)
M ech an ics (m otor veh icle)
P ip efitters
T o o l and die m a k e r s
U n s k i l l e d p la n t
J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and
cle aners
M a t e r i a l h a n d lin g l a b o r e r s

P e r c e n t c h a n g e s f o r in d i v i d u a l a r e a s in th e p r o g r a m a r e
as f o l l o w s :

com puted

1.

A v e ra g e earn ings are co m p u te d f o r e a c h o ccu p a tio n f o r
the 2 y e a r s b e i n g c o m p a r e d . T h e a v e r a g e s a r e d e r i v e d
f r o m e a r n i n g s in t h o s e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h i c h a r e in the
s u r v e y b o t h y e a r s ; it i s a s s u m e d that e m p l o y m e n t
rem ains unchanged.

2.

E a c h o c c u p a t i o n is a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d o n its
p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p in
the b a s e y e a r .

3.

T h e s e w e i g h t s a r e u s e d to c o m p u t e g r o u p a v e r a g e s .
E a c h o c c u p a t i o n ' s a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s ( c o m p u t e d in s t e p 1)
is m u l t i p l i e d b y it s w e i g h t .
The p rod u cts a re totaled
to o b t a in a g r o u p a v e r a g e .

4.

Th e ra ti o o f g r o u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s is
c o m p u t e d b y d iv id in g th e a v e r a g e f o r th e c u r r e n t y e a r
b y the a v e r a g e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
The r e s u l t e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t — l e s s 100 i s th e p e r c e n t c h a n g e .

Wage tr e n d s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l grou ps
T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s p r e s e n t e d in t a b l e A - 7 a r e b a s e d o n c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f m e n and w o m e n in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s r e p o r t i n g
the t r e n d j o b s in b o t h th e c u r r e n t and p r e v i o u s y e a r ( m a t c h e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ) .
T h e da ta a r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e th e e f f e c t o n a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f e m p l o y ­
m e n t s h if t s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n c l u d e d
in s u r v e y s a m p l e s .
The p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , are still a ffe c te d by
f a c t o r s o t h e r th an w a g e i n c r e a s e s .
H i r i n g s , l a y o f f s , and t u r n o v e r m a y
a f f e c t an e s t a b l i s h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an o c c u p a t i o n w h e n w o r k e r s a r e p a i d
u n d e r p la n s p r o v i d i n g a r a n g e o f w a g e r a t e s f o r i n d i v i d u a l j o b s . In p e r i o d s
o f i n c r e a s e d h i r i n g , f o r e x a m p l e , n e w e m p l o y e e s m a y e n t e r at the b o t t o m
o f the r a n g e , d e p r e s s i n g th e a v e r a g e w ith o u t a c h a n g e in w a g e r a t e s .

T h e p e r c e n t c h a n g e s r e l a t e to w a g e c h a n g e s b e t w e e n th e i n d i c a t e d
d a t e s . W h e n th e t i m e s p a n b e t w e e n s u r v e y s is o t h e r th an 12 m o n t h s , annual
rates a re shown.
(It is a s s u m e d that w a g e s i n c r e a s e at a c o n s t a n t ra te
betw een s u r v e y s .)

F o r a m o r e d e t a i l e d d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e m e t h o d u s e d to c o m p u t e
t h e s e w a g e t r e n d s , s e e " I m p r o v i n g A r e a W a g e S u r v e y I n d e x e s , " M o n t h ly
L a b o r R e v i e w , J a n u a r y 1973, pp. 5 2 - 5 7 .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s
T h e i n c i d e n c e o f s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y
w a g e p r o v i s i o n s is s t u d ie d f o r f u l l - t i m e p r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s and
office w o rk e rs.
P r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s ( r e f e r r e d t o h e r e a f t e r as
p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s ) i n c l u d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s and a ll n o n s u p e r v i s o r y
w orkers
(in c lu d in g g r o u p l e a d e r s and t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in f a b r i c a t i n g ,
p r o c e s s i n g , a s se m b lin g , in sp e c tio n , r e c e i v i n g , s t o r a g e , handling, p a c k ­
i n g , w a r e h o u s i n g , s h ip p in g , m a i n t e n a n c e , r e p a i r , j a n i t o r i a l and g u a r d s e r ­
v i c e s , p rodu ct dev elop m en t, a u x ilia ry p r o d u c tio n fo r p la n t's
ow n
u se
( e . g . , p o w e r p l a n t ) , and r e c o r d k e e p i n g and o t h e r s e r v i c e s c l o s e l y a s s o c i ­
a te d w it h the a b o v e p r o d u c t i o n o p e r a t i o n s .
( C a f e t e r i a and r o u t e w o r k e r s

O ccu p a tio n s u sed to co m p u te w age tr e n d s are:
O ffice c le r ic a l

O f f i c e c l e r i c a l — C o n tin u e d

S ecreta ries
Stenographers, general
S tenographers, senior
T y p ists, cla sse s
A and B
F ile c le r k s , c la s s e s A,
B , and C
M essengers
Sw itchboard o p e r a to rs

O rd er cle rk s, cla sses
A and B
A ccou ntin g c le r k s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
B ook k eepin g-m ach in e
o p e r a to r s , class B
P a y r o ll clerk s
K ey entry o p e r a to r s ,
c l a s s e s A and B




^ The earnings of computer operators are not included in the wage trend computation ior this group.
A revised job description is being introduced in this survey which is not equivalent to the previous description.

34

a r e e x c l u d e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s but i n c lu d e d in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g
in d u strie s.)
In f i n a n c e and i n s u r a n c e , no w o r k e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d to b e
p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s . O f f i c e w o r k e r s i n c lu d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s and a ll n o n su p erv isory w o rk e rs
( i n c l u d i n g le a d w o r k e r s and t r a i n e e s ) p e r f o r m i n g
c l e r i c a l o r r e l a t e d o f f i c e f u n c t i o n s in s u c h d e p a r t m e n t s as a c c o u n t i n g ,
a d v e r tis in g , p u r c h a sin g , c o lle c t io n , c r e d it, finan ce, le g a l, p a y r o ll, p e r s o n n e l,
s a le s , in du stria l re la tio n s , public relations, execu tiv e, o r tran sporta tion .
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and p a r t - t i m e e m p l o y e e s as w e l l
as c o n s t r u c t i o n w o r k e r s u t i l i z e d as s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m
b o t h th e p r o d u c t i o n and o f f i c e w o r k e r c a t e g o r i e s .

w r i t t e n f o r m o r e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m ) . H o lid a y s a r e i n c l u d e d e v e n th ou gh
in a p a r t i c u l a r y e a r t h e y f a l l on a n o n w o r k d a y and e m p l o y e e s a r e not
g r a n t e d a n o t h e r day o f f .
P a i d p e r s o n a l h o l i d a y p l a n s , t y p i c a l l y found in
the a u t o m o b i l e and r e l a t e d i n d u s t r i e s , a r e i n c l u d e d as p a id h o l i d a y s .
Data a r e ta b u la t e d to s h o w the p e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s w ho (1) are
g r a n t e d s p e c i f i c n u m b e r s o f w h o l e and h a lf h o l i d a y s and (2) a r e g r a n t e d
sp ecified
a m o u n t s o f to t a l h o lid a y t i m e
( w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s a r e
aggregated).
P a i d v a c a t i o n s (ta b le B - 5 ) . E s t a b l i s h m e n t s r e p o r t t h e ir m e t h o d o f
c a l c u l a t i n g v a c a t i o n pa y (t im e b a s i s , p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n i n g s , f l a t - s u m
p a y m e n t , e t c . ) and the a m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y g r a n t e d .
O n ly b a s i c f o r m a l
p la n s a r e r e p o r t e d . V a c a t i o n b o n u s e s , v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p l a n s , and " e x t e n d e d "
o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f i t s b e y o n d b a s i c p la n s a r e e x c l u d e d .

M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s (ta b le B - l ) . M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s
f o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s r e l a t e o n l y to the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e o f the
o p t i m u m s a m p l i n g t e c h n i q u e s u s e d and the p r o b a b i l i t y that l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s a r e m o r e l i k e l y th an s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s to h av e f o r m a l e n t r a n c e
r a t e s a b o v e the s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l , the t a b le i s m o r e r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f p o l i c i e s
in m e d i u m and l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
(Th e " X ' s " s h o w n u n d e r s t a n d a r d
w e e k l y h o u r s i n d i c a t e th at n o m e a n i n g f u l t o t a ls a r e a p p l i c a b l e . )

F o r t a b u la tin g v a c a t i o n pay g r a n t e d , all p r o v i s i o n s a r e e x p r e s s e d
on a tim e b a s i s .
V a c a t i o n p a y c a l c u l a t e d on o t h e r than a t i m e b a s i s is
c o n v e r t e d to its e q u iv a le n t t i m e p e r i o d .
T w o p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n i n g s ,
f o r e x a m p l e , is ta b u la t e d as 1 w e e k ' s v a c a t i o n p a y .

Sh ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s - — m a n u f a c t u r i n g (table B - 2 ) . Data w e r e c o l l e c t e d
on p o l i c i e s o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s r e g a r d i n g p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l s f o r
p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s on l a t e s h i f t s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s c o n s i d e r e d as h av in g
p o l i c i e s a r e t h o s e w h i c h (1) h av e p r o v i s i o n s in w r i t i n g c o v e r i n g the o p e r a t i o n
o f la te s h i f t s , o r (2) h a v e o p e r a t e d la te s h ift s at any t i m e d u r in g the 12
m o n t h s p r e c e d i n g a s u r v e y . W h e n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s have s e v e r a l d i f f e r e n t i a l s
w h i c h v a r y b y j o b , th e d i f f e r e n t i a l a p p ly in g to the m a j o r i t y o f th e p r o d u c t i o n
w o r k e r s is r e c o r d e d .
W h e n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v e d i f f e r e n t i a l s w h i c h app ly
o n l y t o c e r t a i n h o u r s o f w o r k , the d i f f e r e n t i a l a p p lyin g to the m a j o r i t y o f
th e s h if t h o u r s i s r e c o r d e d .

A l s o , p r o v i s i o n s a f t e r e a c h s p e c i f i e d le n g th o f s e r v i c e a r e r e la t e d
to a ll p r o d u c t i o n o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t r e g a r d l e s s o f length o f
s e r v i c e . V a c a t i o n p la n s c o m m o n l y p r o v i d e f o r a l a r g e r am ount o f v a c a t io n
pa y as s e r v i c e l e n g t h e n s .
Counts o f p r o d u c t i o n o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s by length
o f s e r v i c e w e r e not o b t a i n e d .
T h e ta b u la t io n s o f v a c a t i o n pay g r a n te d
p r e s e n t , t h e r e f o r e , s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e s o f t h e s e p r o v i s i o n s r a t h e r than
p r o p o r t io n s of w o r k e r s actu ally r e c e iv in g s p e c if ic b en efits.
H e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p la n s (t a b le s B - 6 and B - 7 ) . Health ,
i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p la n s in c l u d e p la n s f o r w h i c h the e m p l o y e r pa ys
e i t h e r all o r p a r t o f the c o s t .
T h e c o s t m a y b e (1) u n d e r w r it t e n b y a
c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e c o m p a n y o r n o n p r o f i t o r g a n i z a t i o n , (2) c o v e r e d b y a
unio n fund to w h i c h the e m p l o y e r has c o n t r i b u t e d , o r (3) b o r n e d i r e c t l y by
the e m p l o y e r out o f o p e r a t i n g funds o r a fund s e t a s i d e to c o v e r the c o s t .
A p la n is i n c l u d e d e v e n th o u gh a m a j o r i t y o f the e m p l o y e e s in an e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t do n o t c h o o s e to p a r t i c i p a t e in it b e c a u s e t h e y a r e r e q u i r e d to b e a r
p a r t o f it s c o s t ( p r o v i d e d the c h o i c e to p a r t i c i p a t e is a v a ila b le o r w ill
e v e n t u a l l y b e c o m e a v a i l a b l e to a m a j o r i t y ) .
L e g a l l y r e q u i r e d p la n s s u ch as
s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t , w o r k e r s ' d i s a b i l i t y c o m p e n s a t i o n , and
te m p o r a r y disability in su rance * are exclu ded.
3

F o r p u r p o s e s o f th is s tu d y , a la te s hif t is e i t h e r a s e c o n d ( e v e n in g )
s h if t w h i c h e n d s at o r n e a r m i d n i g h t o r a t h ir d (night) shif t w h i c h s t a r t s at
o r n e a r midnight.
D i f f e r e n t i a l s f o r s e c o n d and t h i r d s h ifts a r e s u m m a r i z e d s e p a r a t e l y
f o r (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c i e s (an e s t a b l i s h m e n t ' s d i f f e r e n t i a l s a r e w e i g h t e d
b y a l l p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s in the e s t a b l i s h m e n t at th e t i m e o f the s u r v e y )
and (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e s (an e s t a b l i s h m e n t ' s d i f f e r e n t i a l s a r e w e i g h t e d b y
p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d on the s p e c i f i e d shift at the t i m e o f th e s u r v e y ) .
S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ; p a id h o l i d a y s ; pa id v a c a t i o n s ; and h e a l t h ,
i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p l a n s . P r o v i s i o n s w h i c h app ly to a m a j o r i t y o f the
p r o d u c t i o n o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e c o n s i d e r e d t o a pp ly to
a ll p r o d u c t i o n o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in the e s t a b l i s h m e n t ; a p r a c t i c e o r p r o v i s i o n
i s c o n s i d e r e d n o n e x i s t e n t w h e n it a p p l i e s to l e s s than a m a j o r i t y .
H olidays;
v a c a t i o n s ; and h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p la n s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a p p l i c a b l e
t o e m p l o y e e s c u r r e n t l y e l i g i b l e f o r the b e n e f i t s as w e l l as to e m p l o y e e s w ho
w ill even tu ally b e c o m e e lig ib le .

3 Temporary disability insurance which provides benefits to covered workers disabled by injury or illness
which is not work-connected is mandatory under State laws in California, New Jersey, New York, and Rhode
Island. Establishment plans which meet only the legal requirements are excluded from these data, but those
under which (1) employers contribute more than is legally required or (2) benefits exceed those specified in the
State law are included. In Rhode Island, benefits are paid out of a State fund to which only employees
contribute. In each of the other three States, benefits are paid either from a State fund or through a private plan.
State fund financing: In California, only employees contribute to the State fund; in New Jersey,
employees and employ ere contribute; in New York, employees contribute up to a specified maximum
and employers pay the difference between the employees' share and the total contribution required.

S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s and da ys (ta b le B - 3 ) . S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y
h o u r s and d a y s r e f e r t o th e n u m b e r o f h o u r s and days p e r w e e k w h i c h f u l l ­
t i m e f i r s t (d a y) s h ift w o r k e r s a r e e x p e c t e d to w o r k , w h e t h e r p a i d f o r at
stra ig h t-tim e o r o v e r tim e rates.

Private plan financing: In California and New Jersey, employees cannot be required to contribute
more than they would if they were covered by the State fund; in New York, employees can agree
to contribute more if the State rules that the additional contribution is commensurate with the
benefit provided.

P a i d h o l i d a y s ( ta b le B - 4 ) . H o lid a y s a r e i n c l u d e d i f w o r k e r s w h o
a r e not r e q u i r e d t o w o r k a r e p a id f o r the t i m e o f f and t h o s e r e q u i r e d to
w o rk r e c e i v e p r e m i u m pay o r c o m p e n sa to ry tim e off.
T h ey a re in clud ed
o n l y i f t h e y a r e g r a n t e d a n n u a lly o n a f o r m a l b a s i s
( p r o v i d e d f o r in




Federal legislation (Railroad Unemployment insurance Act) provides temporary disability insurance benefits
to railroad workers for illness or injury, whether work-connected or not. The legislation requires that employ'ers
bear the entire cost of the insurance.

35

Labor-m an agem en t a greem en t co v e ra g e

L i f e i n s u r a n c e i n c l u d e s f o r m a l p la n s p r o v i d i n g in d e m n i t y (u s u a ll y
t h r o u g h an i n s u r a n c e p o l i c y ) in c a s e o f de a th o f the c o v e r e d w o r k e r .
I n f o r m a t i o n i s a l s o p r o v i d e d in ta b le B - 7 o n t y p e s o f li f e i n s u r a n c e pla n s
and th e a m o u n t o f c o v e r a g e ip a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d and in m a n u f a c t u r i n g .

T h e f o l l o w i n g t a b u la t io n s h o w s th e p e r c e n t o f f u l l - t i m e p r o d u c t i o n
a nd o f f i c e w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e C o l u m b u s a r e a in
w h i c h a u n io n c o n t r a c t o r c o n t r a c t s c o v e r e d a m a j o r i t y o f th e w o r k e r s in
the r e s p e c t i v e c a t e g o r i e s , O c t o b e r 197 8:

A c c i d e n t a l de a th and d i s m e m b e r m e n t i n s u r a n c e i s l i m i t e d t o p la n s
w h i c h p r o v i d e b e n e f i t p a y m e n t s in c a s e o f d e a t h o r l o s s o f l i m b o r s ig h t as a
d i r e c t r e s u l t o f an a c c i d e n t .

P r o d u c t i o n and
related w o r k e r s

S i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e i n c l u d e s o n l y t h o s e p la n s w h i c h
p r o v i d e that p r e d e t e r m i n e d c a s h p a y m e n t s b e m a d e d i r e c t l y to e m p l o y e e s
w ho l o s e t i m e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f i l l n e s s o r i n j u r y , e . g . , $ 50 a w e e k
f o r up to 26 w e e k s o f d i s a b i l i t y .

A l l i n d u s t r i e s _____________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ____

S i c k l e a v e p la n s a r e l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p l a n s 4 w h i c h p r o v i d e f o r
c o n tin u in g an e m p l o y e e ' s pa y d u r in g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f i l l n e s s .
Data c o l l e c t e d d is t i n g u i s h b e t w e e n (1) p la n s w h i c h p r o v i d e fu ll p a y w ith no
w a itin g p e r i o d , and (2) p la n s w h i c h e i t h e r p r o v i d e p a r t i a l p a y o r r e q u i r e a
w a itin g p e r i o d .

6

55
75
30
93

9
51

A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t is c o n s i d e r e d t o h a v e a c o n t r a c t c o v e r i n g a l l
p r o d u c t i o n o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s if a m a j o r i t y o f s u c h w o r k e r s is c o v e r e d b y
a la b or-m a n a gem en t agreem ent.
T h e r e f o r e , a ll o t h e r p r o d u c t i o n o r o f f i c e
w o r k e r s a r e e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s that e i t h e r do not h a v e l a b o r m a n a g e m e n t c o n t r a c t s in e f f e c t , o r h a v e c o n t r a c t s th a t a p p l y to f e w e r than
h alf of th e ir p r o d u c tio n o r o f fic e w o r k e r s .
E s t i m a t e s a r e not n e c e s s a r i l y
r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f the e xte n t to w h i c h a l l w o r k e r s in th e a r e a m a y b e c o v e r e d
b y th e p r o v i s i o n s o f l a b o r - m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t s , b e c a u s e s m a l l e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d and the i n d u s t r i a l s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y i s l i m i t e d .

L o n g - t e r m d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e p la n s p r o v i d e p a y m e n t s to t o t a l l y
d i s a b l e d e m p l o y e e s upon th e e x p i r a t i o n o f t h e i r p a id s i c k l e a v e a n d / o r s i c k ­
n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e , o r a f t e r a p r e d e t e r m i n e d p e r i o d o f d i s a b i l i t y
( t y p i c a l l y 6 m o n t h s ) . P a y m e n t s a r e m a d e until th e en d o f the d i s a b i l i t y , a
m a x im u m age, o r elig ib ility fo r retire m e n t b en e fits.
F u ll o r pa rtia l p a y ­
m e n t s a r e a l m o s t a lw a y s r e d u c e d b y s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , w o r k e r s ' d i s a b i l i t y
c o m p e n s a t i o n , and p r i v a t e p e n s i o n b e n e f i t s p a y a b le to the d i s a b l e d e m p l o y e e .
H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , s u r g i c a l , and m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e p la n s r e p o r t e d
in t h e s e s u r v e y s p r o v i d e f u ll o r p a r t i a l p a y m e n t f o r b a s i c s e r v i c e s r e n d e r e d .
H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e c o v e r s h o s p i t a l r o o m and b o a r d and m a y c o v e r
other h ospital e x p e n s e s . S u rg ica l in su ra n ce c o v e r s s u r g e o n s ' fe e s . M e d ica l
in su rance c o v e r s d o c t o r s ' fe e s fo r h o m e , o f fic e , o r hospital c a lls .
Plan s
r e s t r i c t e d to p o s t - o p e r a t i v e m e d i c a l c a r e o r a d o c t o r ' s c a r e f o r m i n o r
a ilm e n t s
at a w o r k e r ' s p l a c e o f e m p l o y m e n t a r e not c o n s i d e r e d to b e
m ed ical in surance.

I n d u s t r ia l c o m p o s i t i o n in m a n u f a c t u r i n g
O v e r t w o - f i f t h s o f the w o r k e rs w it h in th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in
The follow ing
the C o lu m b u s a r e a w e r e e m p l o y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s .
p r e s e n t s th e m a j o r i n d u s t r y g r o u p s a n d s p e c i f i c i n d u s t r i e s a s a p e r c e n t
o f a ll m a n u f a c t u r i n g :

M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e c o v e r a g e a p p l i e s t o s e r v i c e s w h i c h go
b e y o n d the b a s i c s e r v i c e s c o v e r e d u n d e r h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , s u r g i c a l , and
m e d ic a l in su ra n c e .
M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e t y p i c a l l y (1) r e q u i r e s that a
" d e d u c t i b l e " ( e . g . , $ 5 0 ) b e m e t b e f o r e b e n e f i t s b e g i n , (2) has a c o i n s u r a n c e
f e a t u r e that r e q u i r e s the i n s u r e d to pa y a p o r t i o n ( e . g . , 20 p e r c e n t ) o f
c e r t a i n e x p e n s e s , and (3) has a s p e c i f i e d d o l l a r m a x i m u m o f b e n e f i t s ( e . g . ,
$ 10, 000 a y e a r ) .

In d u s t ry g r o u p s

R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n p la n s p r o v i d e f o r r e g u l a r p a y m e n t s to the
retiree for life.
I n c lu d e d a r e d e f e r r e d p r o f i t - s h a r i n g p la n s w h i c h p r o v i d e
the o p t io n o f p u r c h a s i n g a l i f e t i m e annuity.
4 An establishment is considered as having a formal plan if it specifies at least the minimum number
of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be written, but informal sick leave
allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.

S p e c ific in d u stries

E l e c t r i c and e l e c t r o n i c
e q u ip m e n t ____________________ 15
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s ___ 13
F o o d and k in d r e d p r o d u c t s ___ 12
S t o n e , c l a y , and g l a s s
p r o d u c t s _______________________ 12
M ach inery , except
e l e c t r i c a l _____________________ 11
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u i p m e n t ___ 8
P r i n t i n g and p u b l i s h i n g _______ 5
C h e m i c a l s and a l l i e d
p r o d u c t s _______________________ 5
I n s t r u m e n t s and r e l a t e d
p r o d u c t s _______________________ 5

D e n t a l i n s u r a n c e p la n s p r o v i d e n o r m a l d e n ta l s e r v i c e b e n e f i t s ,
u s u a lly f o r f i l l i n g s , e x t r a c t i o n s , and X - r a y s . P l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e b e n e f i t s
o n ly f o r o r a l s u r g e r y o r r e p a i r i n g a c c i d e n t d a m a g e a r e not r e p o r t e d .




O ffice w o r k e r s

G l a s s a nd g l a s s w a r e ,
p r e s s e d o r b l o w n __________________ 9
C o m m u n i c a t i o n e q u i p m e n t __________ 7
C u t l e r y , h a n d t o o l s , and
h a r d w a r e ____________________________ 6
G e n e r a l in du strial
m a c h i n e r y __________________________ 5
A i r c r a f t a nd p a r t s ___________________ 5

T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n is b a s e d o n e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t d e r i v e d
f r o m u n iv erse m a teria ls co m p ile d b e fo r e actual su rv ey.
P r o p o r t i o n s in
v a r i o u s in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d o n th e r e s u l t s
o f the s u r v e y as s h o w n in a p p e n d ix t a b l e 1.

36

A ppendix ta b le 1. Establishm ents and w orkers w ith in scope of survey and num ber studied
in Colum bus, O hio, O ctober 1978
N u m b e r o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s

In d u stry d iv is io n

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l is h ­
m e n ts in s c o p e
o f stu d y

2

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y

W ith in s c o p e
o f stu d y 3

S tu d ied
S tu d ie d

T o ta l4
N um ber

ALL
ALL

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

_

836

172

2 0 8 t 685

100

104.944

35* 943

11 A , 9 9 5

SO
-

250

59

41

A8 , 7 1 8

113

59

58 .6 27
46 .3 17

10.221

586

8 6,19 6
122*489

25 .7 22

6 6 ,2 77

50

49

16*739

8

7.16 5

3.800

------------------------------------------------------------------------------

50

121

21
14

12*942

6

C 6>

( 6>

2.652

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

50

193

25

48*894

23

( <■)

2 7 .3 7 8

<

1 1,489

( <
=>

10 ,8 18

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

TRANSPORTATION,
PUBLIC

UHOLESALE

COMMUNICATION.

AND

U T I L I T I E S 5 ------------------------------------------------------

TRADE

-------------------

50

94

18

10

S E R V I C E S 7 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

50

129

35

2 0 .9 86
22*928

<
( 6>

11

< <>
■

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

-

75

55

1 0 8.70 9

100

54 .0 83

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

500

40

28

5 1 .6 7 3

48

34 ,7 5 7

TRADE

FINANCE.

INSURANCE.

LARGE
ALL

T o t a l4

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING

RETAIL

F u ll-t im e
o ffic e w o rk e r s

ESTABLISHMENTS

DIVISIONS

NONMANUFACTURING
OTHER

P ercen t

F u ll-t im e
p r o d u c t io n a n d
re la te d w o r k e r s

DIVISIONS

MANUFACTURING

A ND

RFAL

ESTATE

1 3.9A0

ESTABLISHMENTS

20 ,0 7 5
6 » 61 A

9A.130
A 1,896

-

35

27

57 .0 3 6

52

19 .3 26

1 3 « A61

------------------------------------------------------

500

6

11 .5 07

2» 770

2

2. 253

( 6)

(

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

500

14

6)

11 .507

500

11
2

4.3 9 7

------------------------------------------------------------------------------

6
4

10

2 6 .7 1 7

25

< m

( < )
>

2 A, A25

-------------------

500

7

5

10 .7 73

10

( 6>

<6 >

9,271

S E R V I C E S 7 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

500

4

4

5. 786

5

« 11

( 6 )

5 .78 6

NONMANUFACTURING

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

TRANSPORTATION,
OTHER

PUBLIC

WHOLESALE
RETAIL

TRADE

TRADE

FINANCE.

COMMUNICATION,

U T IL IT IE S 5

INSURANCE.

AND

REAL

ESTATE

1 T h e C o lu m b u s S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l it a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f in e d b y th e O f f i c e o f M a n a g e m e n t
and B u dget th ro u g h F e b r u a r y
1 9 7 4 , c o n s i s t s o f D e la w a r e , F a i r f i e l d , F r a n k l in , M a d i s o n , a n d
P ic k a w a y C o u n tie s .
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v i d e a
r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e l a b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
E s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , f o r c o m p a r i s o n w ith o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t in d e x e s t o m e a s u r e
e m p lo y m e n t tr e n d s o r le v e ls
s i n c e (1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s
e s t a b l is h m e n t d a ta
c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d , a n d (2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e
e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1 97 2 e d i t i o n o f t h e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d t o c l a s s i f y
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
H o w e v e r , a l l g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e
s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t a t o r a b o v e t h e m in i m u m li m it a t io n .
A ll
o u t le t s (w it h in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in in d u s t r ie s s u c h a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
a n d m o t io n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s on e e s t a b l is h m e n t .




52 .2 34

AND

1 .2A5

4 I n c lu d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , p a r t - t i m e , a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e
p r o d u c t io n a n d o f f i c e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 A b b r e v i a t e d t o " p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s " in th e A - a n d B - s e r i e s t a b l e s .
T a x ic a b s and s e r v i c e s
in c id e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n a r e e x c l u d e d .
T h e l o c a l - t r a n s i t s y s t e m f o r t h e c i t y o f C o lu m b u s
i s m u n i c i p a l l y o p e r a t e d a n d is e x c l u d e d b y d e f in i t io n f r o m th e s c o p e o f t h e stu d y .
6 S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f d a ta is n ot m a d e f o r t h is d i v i s i o n .
7 H o t e ls a n d m o t e l s ; la u n d r i e s a n d o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le
r e p a i r , r e n t a l , a n d p a r k in g ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( e x c l u d i n g r e l i g i o u s
a n d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; a n d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

37




Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r the
B u re a u 's w age
s u r v e y s is to a s s i s t it s
f i e l d s ta ff in c l a s s i f y i n g into
a p p ro p ria te o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s who are e m p lo y e d u nder a v a r ie t y o f
p a y r o l l t i t l e s and d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t to
e s t a b l i s h m e n t and f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h i s p e r m i t s th e g r o u p i n g o f
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e jo b c o n t e n t .
B ecause
o f t h is e m p h a s i s
o n i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t and i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y
o f o ccu pa tion a l
c o n t e n t , th e B u r e a u ' s j o b
descriptions m ay d iffer s ig ­
n ifican tly f r o m
t h o s e in u s e in in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e ­
pared for other p u rp oses.
In a p p ly in g t h e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , the
B u r e a u ' s f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e i n s t r u c t e d to e x c l u d e w o r k i n g s u p e r ­
v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; and p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .
H an dicap ped w o r k e r s
w hose earn ings are reduced b e c a u s e o f th e ir
h an dicap are a ls o e x c lu d e d .
L e a r n e r s , b e g i n n e r s , and t r a i n e e s , u n l e s s
s p e c i f i c a l l y i n c l u d e d in th e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n , a r e e x c l u d e d .

Office
S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d

SECRETARY

E x c l u s i o n s — C o n t in u e d

A s s i g n e d as a p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y to o n e in d i v i d u a l .
M a i n t a i n s a c l o s e and h i g h l y r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p to th e d a y - t o - d a y a c t i v ­
i t i e s o f th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o r k s f a i r l y in d e p e n d e n t ly r e c e i v i n g a m i n i m u m o f
d e t a i l e d s u p e r v i s i o n and g u i d a n c e . P e r f o r m s v a r i e d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l
d u ties
r e q u i r i n g a k n o w l e d g e o f o f f i c e r o u tin e and u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f the
o r g a n i z a t i o n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d t o th e w o r k o f the s u p e r v i s o r .

a.
b.




S t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g as o f f i c e a s s i s t a n t s
fe ss io n a l, tech n ica l, o r m a n a geria l p e r so n s ;

d.

Not a l l p o s i t i o n s that a r e t i t l e d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the a b o v e
c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p l e s o f p o s i t i o n s w h i c h a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m the d e f i n i t i o n
a r e as f o l l o w s :

S t e n o g r a p h e r s not f u l l y t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l - t y p e d u tie s ;

c.

E xclusions

P o s i t i o n s w h i c h do not
d e s c r ib e d above;

m e e t th e

"p erson a l"

A s s i s t a n t - t y p e p o s i t i o n s w h i c h e n ta il m o r e d i f f i c u l t o r m o r e r e ­
s p o n s i b l e t e c h n i c a l , a d m i n i s t r a t i v e , o r s u p e r v i s o r y du ties w h i c h
a r e not t y p i c a l ’ o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k , e . g . , A d m i n i s t r a t i v e A s s i s t ­
ant, o r E x e c u t i v e A s s i s t a n t ;

L iste d b e lo w are s e v e r a l o cc u p a t io n s f o r w h ich r e v is e d d e s c r ip tio n s o r title s a re bein g in tro d u ce d
in th is s u r v e y :
Guard
S h i p p e r and r e c e i v e r
(previou sly surv eyed
as s h ip p in g and
receiv in g clerk )
T ruck d riv er

O rd e r clerk
P a y r o ll clerk
Secretary
Key entry o p e r a t o r
T r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e typist
C om puter operator

T h e B u r e a u has d i s c o n t i n u e d c o l l e c t i n g da ta f o r t a b u l a t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r .
c l a s s i f i e d as w a t c h m e n a r e n ow c l a s s i f i e d a s g u a r d s u n d e r the r e v i s e d d e s c r i p t i o n .

39

W ork ers previously

secretary

to a g r o u p

concept

of p r o ­

SECRETARY— Continued

SECRET ARY— Continued

E x c l u s i o n s — C o n tin u e d

C l a s s i f i c a t i o n by L e v e l — C on tin ued

e.

P o s i t i o n s w h i c h do n o t fit any o f the s it u a t io n s l i s t e d in the
s e c t i o n s b e l o w t i t l e d ' ' L e v e l o f S u p e r v i s o r , " e . g . , s e c r e t a r y to the
p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ;

f.

T rain ees.

C la s s ifica tio n by L e v e l

e.

LS—4

S e c r e t a r y j o b s w h i c h m e e t th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s a r e m a t c h e d at
o n e o f f i v e l e v e l s a c c o r d i n g to (a) th e l e v e l o f th e s e c r e t a r y ' s s u p e r v i s o r
w it h in th e c o m p a n y ' s o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e and , (b) th e l e v e l o f the
s e c r e t a r y ' s r e s p o n s i b i l i t y . T h e c h a r t f o l l o w i n g th e e x p l a n a t i o n s o f t h e s e tw o
f a c t o r s i n d i c a t e s the l e v e l o f th e s e c r e t a r y f o r e a c h c o m b i n a t i o n o f the
factors.

a.

S e c r e t a r y t o the c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y
that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 but f e w e r th an 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.

S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th an th e c h a i r m a n o f
the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a ll,
o v e r 5, 000 but f e w e r than 25, 0 00 p e r s o n s ; o r

c.

S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d , i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r
l e v e l , o f a m a j o r s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y that
e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

L e v e l o f S e c r e t a r y ' s S u p e r v i s o r (LS)
S e c r e t a r i e s s h o u l d b e m a t c h e d at o n e o f the f o u r LS l e v e l s d e s c r i b e d
b e l o w a c c o r d i n g to th e l e v e l o f th e s e c r e t a r y ' s s u p e r v i s o r w ith in the c o m p a n y
organ izational stru cture.
LS—1

S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l
unit ( e . g . , f e w e r th an ab out 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r

b.

LS—2

a.

organizatibnal

S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l
e m p lo y e e , adm in istra tiv e o f f i c e r o r assista n t, sk illed techn ician
o r expert.
(N O TE:
M any
com panies
assign sten ograph ers,
r a t h e r than s e c r e t a r i e s as d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , t o th is l e v e l o f
su p erv isory o r n on su p ervisory w o rk e r.)

a.

S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n ­
s i b i l i t y is not e q u i v a l e n t t o o n e o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s it u a t io n s in
th e d e f i n i t i o n f o r LS—3, but w h o s e o r g a n i z a t i o n a l unit n o r m a l l y
n u m b e r s at l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s and i s u s u a l l y d i v i d e d
in to o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t s w h i c h a r e o f t e n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r
s u b d i v i d e d . In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , t h is l e v e l i n c l u d e s a w id e ra n g e
o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n l y o n e o r t w o ; o r

b.

LS—
3

S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f an i n d i v i d u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . , ( o r
o t h e r e q u i v a l e n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r
th an 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

a.

S e c r e t a r y t o th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y
that e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.

S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th an c h a i r m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100
but f e w e r th an 5 , 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

c.

S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w th e o f f i c e r l e v e l ) o v e r
e ith e r a m a j o r c o r p o r a t e w id e fun ction al activ ity ( e .g ., m a r k e tin g ,
r e s e a r c h , o p e r a tio n s , in du stria l r e la tio n s, e tc .) o r a m a jo r
g eograp h ic o r orga n iza tiona l segm ent (e .g ., a region al h ead quar­
t e r s ; a m a j o r d i v i s i o n ) o f a c o m p a n y th at e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
o v e r 5, 000 but f e w e r than 2 5 , 0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r

d.

S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f
(o r oth e r equivalent le v e l
o v e r 5 ,000 p e r so n s; o r




S e c r e t a r y t o the h e a d o f a l a r g e and i m p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m i d d l e m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i ­
z a t io n a l s e g m e n t o f t e n i n v o l v i n g as m a n y as s e v e r a l h u n d r e d
p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r " u s e d in the a b o v e LS d e f ­
in it io n r e f e r s to t h o s e o f f i c i a l s who h a v e a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e w i d e p o l i c y ­
m a k i n g r o l e with r e g a r d to m a j o r c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s .
T h e t i t le " v i c e
p r e s i d e n t , " th ou gh n o r m a l l y i n d i c a t i v e o f th is r o l e , d o e s n o t in a ll c a s e s
i d e n t i f y s u c h p o s i t i o n s . V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to
a c t p e r s o n a l l y on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r de n y
i n d i v i d u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ; a d m i n i s t e r i n d i v i d u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i ­
r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s ta ff) a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d to b e " c o r p o r a t e
o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a pp lyin g the d e f i n i t i o n .
L e v e l o f S e c r e t a r y 's R espon sibility (LR )
T h i s f a c t o r e v a lu a t e s the n a t u r e o f th e w o r k r e l a t i o n s h i p b e t w e e n
th e s e c r e t a r y and the s u p e r v i s o r , and th e e x t e n t t o w h i c h the s e c r e t a r y is
e x p e c t e d t o e x e r c i s e in itia t iv e and j u d g m e n t . S e c r e t a r i e s s h o u l d b e m a t c h e d
at L R —1 o r L R — d e s c r i b e d b e l o w a c c o r d i n g to t h e i r l e v e l o f r e s p o n s i b i l i t y .
2
L e v e l o f R e s p o n s i b i l i t y 1 ( L R —1)
P e r f o r m s v a r i e d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t ie s i n c l u d i n g o r
o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
a.

A nsw ers telephones,
com ing m a il.

b.

A n sw ers telephone requ ests w h ich have standard a n s w e rs .
r e p l y to r e q u e s t s b y s e n d i n g a f o r m l e t t e r .

c.

R e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y
o t h e r s f o r the s u p e r v i s o r ' s s i g n a t u r e t o e n s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and
ty pograp hical a ccu ra cy .

d.

M a in ta in s s u p e r v i s o r ' s
in structed.

e.

T y p e s , t a k e s and t r a n s c r i b e s d i c t a t i o n , and f i l e s .

an i n d i v i d u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y , e t c . ,
o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a l l ,

greets

personal

c o m p a r a b l e to m o s t

calen dar

and

ca llers,

m akes

and

opens

appointm en ts

in ­

May

as

SECRET ARY— Continued

STENOGRAPHER— Continued

L e v e l o f R e s p o n s i b i l i t y 2 ( L R —2)

S ten og rap h er, S en ior

P e r f o r m s d u t i e s d e s c r i b e d u n d e r L R —1 and , in a d d i t i o n p e r f o r m s
t a s k s r e q u i r i n g g r e a t e r j u d g m e n t , i n i t i a t i v e , and k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e f u n c t io n s
i n c l u d i n g o r c o m p a r a b l e t o m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g :
a.

S c r e e n s t e l e p h o n e and p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , d e t e r m i n i n g w h i c h ca n
b e h a n d l e d b y th e s u p e r v i s o r ' s s u b o r d i n a t e s o r o t h e r o f f i c e s .

b.

A n s w e r s r e q u e s t s w h i c h r e q u i r e a d e t a ile d k n o w l e d g e o f o f ­
fice p r o ce d u re s
o r c o lle c t io n o f in form a tion f r o m f ile s o r
other o ffic e s .
M a y s ig n r o u tin e c o r r e s p o n d e n c e in o w n o r
s u p e r v is o r 's nam e.

c.

C o m p i l e s o r a s s i s t s in c o m p i l i n g p e r i o d i c
of gen eral in stru ction s.

d.

S c h e d u l e s t e n t a t i v e a p p o in t m e n t s w ith ou t p r i o r c l e a r a n c e .
A s­
s e m b le s n e c e s s a r y backgrou nd m a te ria l for sch ed u led m eetin gs.
M a k e s a r r a n g e m e n t s f o r m e e t i n g s and c o n f e r e n c e s .

e.

D ic t a t io n i n v o l v e s a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y
s u c h as in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h . M a y a ls o set up
and m a i n t a i n f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .

E x p l a i n s s u p e r v i s o r ' s r e q u i r e m e n t s t o o t h e r e m p l o y e e s in s u p e r ­
v i s o r ' s unit. ( A l s o t y p e s , t a k e s d i c t a t i o n , and f i l e s . )

T h e f o l l o w i n g t a b u l a t i o n s h o w s the l e v e l o f
LS and L R c o m b i n a t i o n :

L e v e l o f s e c r e t a r y 's
______ s u p e r v i s o r ______

P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h i c du tie s r e q u i r i n g s i g n i f i c a n t l y g r e a t e r i n ­
d e p e n d e n c e and r e s p o n s i b i l i t y tha n s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l , as e v i d e n c e d b y
the f o l l o w i n g :
W o r k r e q u i r e s a h ig h d e g r e e o f s t e n o g r a p h i c s p e e d and
a c c u r a c y ; a t h o r o u g h w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s a nd o f f i c e p r o ­
c e d u r e ; and o f the s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t i o n , p o l i c i e s ,
p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s , w o r k f l o w , e t c . U s e s th is k n o w l e d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o ­
g r a p h i c d u tie s and r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l t a s k s s u c h as m a in ta in in g f o l l o w ­
up f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d a , and l e t t e r s ; c o m ­
p o s i n g s i m p l e l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g and ro u tin g i n c o m i n g
m a i l ; and a n s w e r i n g r o u tin e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .

TRA N SC R IB IN G -M A C H IN E TY PIST
P r i m a r y duty is to ty pe c o p y o f v o i c e r e c o r d e d d i c t a t i o n w h i c h d o e s
not i n v o l v e v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u c h as that u s e d in
l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h . M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n
co p y . May m aintain f i l e s , k eep sim p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m oth e r re la tively
r o u t in e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
(See S t e n o g r a p h e r d e f in it io n f o r w o r k e r s i n v o l v e d
w ith s h o r t h a n d d i c t a t i o n . )

the s e c r e t a r y f o r e a c h

L e v e l of s e c r e t a r y 's resp on sib ility
TY PIST
L R —1

LS—1________________________________
LS—2________________________________

r e p o r t s on the b a s i s

OR

C lass
C lass
C lass
C lass

E
D
C
B

L R —2
C lass
C lass
C lass
C lass

U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s o r to m a k e
out b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a t i o n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o t h e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e
t y p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s f o r use in du p lic a tin g
processes.
M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o l v i n g l it t le s p e c i a l t r a i n i n g , s u c h
as k e e p i n g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f ilin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g and
d istributing in co m in g m a il.

D
C
B
A

C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l
in f in a l f o r m w h e n it i n v o l v e s c o m b i n i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g , s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c t u a t io n , e t c . , o f t e c h ­
n i c a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ; o r p la n nin g la yout
and ty p in g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s to m a i n t a i n u n i f o r m i t y and
b a l a n c e in s p a c i n g .
M a y ty p e r o u tin e f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y i n g d e t a ils to suit
circu m sta n ces.

STENOGRAPHER
P r i m a r y du ty i s t o t a k e d i c t a t i o n u sin g s h o r t h a n d , and to t r a n s c r i b e
th e d i c t a t i o n .
M a y a ls o type f r o m w ritten copy.
May op erate fr o m a
sten ograph ic p ool.
M a y o c c a s i o n a l l y t r a n s c r i b e f r o m v o i c e r e c o r d i n g s (if
p r i m a r y du ty i s t r a n s c r i b i n g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s , s e e T r a n s c r i b i n g - M a c h i n e
T y pist).

C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : C o p y typin g f r o m
r o u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ; o r r o u tin e t y p in g o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ;
o r s e t t in g up s i m p l e s t a n d a r d t a b u l a t i o n s ; o r c o p y i n g m o r e c o m p l e x t a b le s
a l r e a d y s e t up and s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

N O T E : T h i s j o b i s d i s t i n g u i s h e d f r o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a l l y w o r k s in a c o n f i d e n t i a l r e l a t i o n s h i p w ith o n ly o n e m a n a g e r
o r e x e c u t i v e and p e r f o r m s m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e and d i s c r e t i o n a r y t a s k s as
d e s c r i b e d in th e s e c r e t a r y j o b d e f in it io n .

FIL E CLERK

Stenographer, G eneral

keep

F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r i a l in an e s t a b l i s h e d filin g
s y s t e m . M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d to m a in ta in f i l e s .
P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s on the b a s i s o f the f o l l o w i n g d e f in it io n s .

D i c t a t i o n i n v o l v e s a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u l a r y . M a y m a in t a in f i l e s ,
s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y r o u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .




41

FILE CLERK— Continued

ORDER CLERK— Continued

C l a s s A . C l a s s i f i e s and i n d e x e s f i l e m a t e r i a l s u c h as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n t s , e t c . , in an e s t a b l i s h e d f i l i n g s y s t e m
c o n t a in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d s u b j e c t m a t t e r f i l e s .
M a y a l s o f i l e th is
m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n j u n c t i o n w ith the f i l e s .
M ay lea d a s m a ll g ro u p o f lo w e r le v e l file c le r k s .

a d e q u a c y o f i n f o r m a t i o n r e c o r d e d ; a s c e r t a i n i n g c r e d i t ra ti n g o f c u s t o m e r ;
f u r n i s h i n g c u s t o m e r w ith a c k n o w l e d g e m e n t o f r e c e i p t o f o r d e r ; f o l l o w i n g - u p
to s e e that o r d e r is d e l i v e r e d b y th e s p e c i f i e d date o r to le t c u s t o m e r kn o w
o f a d e la y in d e l i v e r y ; m a in t a in in g o r d e r f i l e ; c h e c k i n g s h ip p in g i n v o i c e
a g a in s t o r i g i n a l o r d e r .

C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p l e
(su b ject m a t te r ) headings o r p a rtly c la s s ifi e d m a t e r ia l by fin e r subh eadin gs.
P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d i n d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s .
As requ ested,
l o c a t e s c l e a r l y i d e n t i f i e d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l . M a y p e r ­
f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d to m a i n t a i n and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

E x c l u d e w o r k e r s p a id on a c o m m i s s i o n b a s i s o r w h o s e d u tie s i n c l u d e
any o f the f o l l o w i n g : R e c e i v i n g o r d e r s f o r s e r v i c e s r a t h e r th an f o r m a t e r i a l
o r m e r c h a n d i s e ; p r o v i d i n g c u s t o m e r s w ith c o n s u l t a t i v e a d v i c e u s in g k n o w l ­
e d g e g a in e d f r o m e n g i n e e r i n g o r e x t e n s i v e t e c h n i c a l t r a i n i n g ; e m p h a s i z i n g
s e l l i n g s k i l l s ; h an d lin g m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d i s e as an i n t e g r a l p a r t o f th e j o b .

C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s ro u tin e f i l i n g o f m a t e r i a l that has a l r e a d y b e e n
c l a s s i f i e d o r w h i c h i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
system
(e .g ., a lph abetical, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r n u m e r ic a l).
As
requested,
l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l ; and m a y
f i l l out w i t h d r a w a l c h a r g e . M a y p e r f o r m s i m p l e c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l ta s k s
r e q u i r e d to m a i n t a i n and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

P osition s
d efin ition s:

MESSENGER
P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u tin e d u tie s s u c h as ru nn in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t i n g
m i n o r o f f i c e m a c h i n e s s u c h as s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n i n g and d i s t r i b u t i n g
m a i l , and o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x c l u d e p o s i t i o n s that r e q u i r e o p e r a t i o n
o f a m o t o r v e h i c l e as a s i g n i f i c a n t duty.

are

cla ssified

in to

le ve ls

a ccord ing

to

the

follow ing

C l a s s A . H a n d le s o r d e r s that i n v o l v e m a k i n g j u d g m e n t s s u c h as
c h o o s i n g w h i c h s p e c i f i c p r o d u c t o r m a t e r i a l f r o m th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t ' s p r o d u c t
li n e s w i l l s a t i s f y the c u s t o m e r ' s n e e d s , o r d e t e r m i n i n g the p r i c e to b e q u o t e d
w h e n p r i c i n g in v o l v e s m o r e than m e r e l y r e f e r r i n g to a p r i c e l i s t o r m a k i n g
s o m e s im p le m athem atical calcu la tion s.
C l a s s B . H a n d le s o r d e r s i n v o l v i n g i t e m s w h i c h h a v e r e a d i l y i d e n ­
t i f i e d u s e s and a p p l i c a t i o n s . M a y r e f e r to a c a t a l o g , m a n u f a c t u r e r ' s m a n u a l ,
o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t to i n s u r e that p r o p e r i t e m is s u p p l i e d o r to v e r i f y
p r ic e o f o r d e r e d item .
ACCOUNTING CLERK

SW ITCH BO ARD O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a t e l e p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e u s e d w ith a p r i v a t e
b r a n c h e x c h a n g e ( P B X ) s y s t e m to r e l a y i n c o m i n g , o u t g o i n g , and i n t r a s y s t e m
calls.
M a y p r o v i d e i n f o r m a t i o n to c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and t r a n s m i t m e s s a g e s ,
k e e p r e c o r d o f c a l l s p l a c e d and t o l l c h a r g e s . B e s i d e s o p e r a t i n g a t e l e p h o n e
s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , m a y a l s o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u t in e c l e r i c a l w o r k
(ty pin g o r r o u t in e c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y o c c u p y the m a j o r p o r t i o n o f th e w o r k e r ' s
t i m e , and is u s u a l l y p e r f o r m e d w h i l e at th e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e ) . C h i e f o r
le a d o p e r a t o r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than o n e o p e r a t o r a r e
e x c l u d e d . F o r an o p e r a t o r w h o a l s o a c t s as a r e c e p t i o n i s t , s e e S w i t c h b o a r d
O p era tor-R ecep tion ist.
SW ITCH BOARD O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
At a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n t e l e p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , a c t s b o t h as
an o p e r a t o r — s e e S w i t c h b o a r d O p e r a t o r — and as a r e c e p t i o n i s t . R e c e p t i o n i s t ' s
w o r k i n v o l v e s s u c h d u t ie s as g r e e t i n g v i s i t o r s ; d e t e r m i n i n g n a t u r e o f v i s i t o r ' s
b u s i n e s s and p r o v i d i n g a p p r o p r i a t e i n f o r m a t i o n ; r e f e r r i n g v i s i t o r t o a p p r o ­
p r i a t e p e r s o n in th e o r g a n i z a t i o n o r c o n t a c t i n g that p e r s o n b y t e l e p h o n e and
a r r a n g i n g an a p p o i n t m e n t ; k e e p i n g a l o g o f v i s i t o r s .
ORDER CLERK
R e c e iv e s w ritten o r v e r b a l c u s t o m e r s ' pu rch a se o r d e r s f o r m a te r ia l
o r m e r ch a n d is e fr o m c u sto m e r s o r sa les peop le.
W ork ty p ica lly in volves
s o m e c o m b i n a t i o n o f the f o l l o w i n g d u t i e s : Q u o t in g p r i c e s ; d e t e r m i n i n g a v a i l a ­
b i l i t y o f o r d e r e d i t e m s and s u g g e s t i n g s u b s t i t u t e s w h e n n e c e s s a r y ; a d v i s i n g
e x p e c t e d d e l i v e r y date and m e t h o d o f d e l i v e r y ; r e c o r d i n g o r d e r and c u s t o m e r
i n f o r m a t i o n o n o r d e r s h e e t s ; c h e c k i n g o r d e r s h e e t s f o r a c c u r a c y and




P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e a c c o u n t i n g c l e r i c a l t a s k s s u c h as p o s t i n g to
r e g i s t e r s and l e d g e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g b a nk a c c o u n t s ; v e r i f y i n g the i n t e r n a l c o n ­
s i s t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , and m a t h e m a t i c a l a c c u r a c y o f a c c o u n t i n g d o c u m e n t s ;
a s s i g n i n g p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t i n g d i s t r i b u t i o n c o d e s ; e x a m i n i n g and v e r i f y i n g
fo r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y variou s types o f r e p o r ts , lis ts , ca lcu la tio n s, posting,
e t c . ; o r p r e p a r i n g s i m p l e o r a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r i n g m o r e c o m p l i c a t e d j o u r n a l
vouchers.
M a y w o r k in e i t h e r a m a n u a l o r a u t o m a t e d a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m .
The w ork req u ires a kn ow ledge o f c l e r i c a l m eth od s
and o f f i c e
p r a c t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h i c h r e l a t e s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g and r e ­
c o r d i n g o f t r a n s a c t i o n s and a c c o u n t i n g i n f o r m a t i o n .
W it h e x p e r i e n c e , the
w o r k e r t y p i c a l l y b e c o m e s f a m i l i a r w ith th e b o o k k e e p i n g and a c c o u n t i n g t e r m s
and p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in the a s s i g n e d w o r k , but is n o t r e q u i r e d to h av e a
k n o w l e d g e o f the f o r m a l p r in .c ip le s o f b o o k k e e p i n g and a c c o u n t i n g .
P ositions
defin ition s:

are

cla ssified

in to

lev els

o n the

basis

o f th e f o l l o w i n g

C lass A . U n der ge n e ra l s u p e r v is io n , p e r f o r m s accou n tin g c l e r i c a l
o p e r a t i o n s w h i c h r e q u i r e the a p p l i c a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e and j u d g m e n t , f o r
ex a m p le , c le r ic a lly p r o c e s s in g c o m p lic a t e d o r n on rep etitiv e accounting t r a n s ­
a ctio n s, s electin g am ong a substantial v a r ie t y of p r e s c r i b e d accou n tin g co d e s
and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c i n g t r a n s a c t i o n s t h r o u g h p r e v i o u s a c c o u n t i n g
a c t i o n s to d e t e r m i n e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M ay be a s s i s t e d by one o r
m o r e c l a s s B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .
C lass B.
Under clo s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g detailed in stru ction s
and s t a n d a r d i z e d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e r o u t i n e a c c o u n t i n g
c l e r i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , s u c h as p o s t i n g t o l e d g e r s ,
card s, or w orksheets

ACCOUNTING CLERK— Continued

PAYROLL CLERK— Continued

w h e r e i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f i t e m s and l o c a t i o n s o f p o s t i n g s a r e c l e a r l y i n d i c a t e d ;
c h e c k i n g a c c u r a c y and c o m p l e t e n e s s o f s t a n d a r d i z e d and r e p e t i t i v e r e c o r d s
o r a c c o u n t i n g d o c u m e n t s ; and c o d i n g d o c u m e n t s u sin g a f e w p r e s c r i b e d
accou nting co d e s.

l i s t i n g s a g a in s t s o u r c e r e c o r d s ; t r a c i n g and c o r r e c t i n g e r r o r s in l i s t i n g s ;
and a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r a t i o n o f p e r i o d i c s u m m a r y p a y r o l l r e p o r t s . In a n o n autom ated p a y r o ll s y ste m , com pu tes w a g es. W ork m ay requ ire a p r a c tica l
k n o w l e d g e o f g o v e r n m e n t a l r e g u l a t i o n s , c o m p a n y p a y r o l l p o l i c y , o r the
com pu ter system fo r p ro ce ss in g p a yrolls.

B O O K K E E PIN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h i n e (with o r w ith ou t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y ­
b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s tr a n s a ctio n s .
C l a s s A . K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w l e d g e o f and
e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c b o o k k e e p i n g p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m i l i a r i t y w it h the s t r u c t u r e
o f the p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m u s e d .
D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d i s t r i b u t i o n o f d e b it and c r e d i t i t e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h p h a s e o f the w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l i d a t e d r e p o r t s , b a l a n c e s h e e t s , and o t h e r r e c o r d s b y hand.
C la s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h ases o r s e c tio n s o f a
s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l l y r e q u i r i n g little k n o w l e d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p i n g . P h a s e s
o r s e c t i o n s i n c l u d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b l e , p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (not i n ­
c lu d in g a s i m p l e t y p e o f b i l l i n g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r m a c h i n e b i l l e r ) , c o s t d i s ­
trib ution, ex p en se distrib u tion , inventory co n tro l, etc. M ay ch eck o r a ssist
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r the a c c o u n t i n g
departm ent.
M ACH INE B I L L E R
P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , and i n v o i c e s on a m a c h i n e o t h e r th an
an o r d i n a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r i t e r . M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s as to b i l l i n g s
o r s h i p p i n g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l w o r k i n c i d e n t a l to b i l l i n g
operation s.
F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e b i l l e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e
o f m a c h i n e , as f o l l o w s :
B i l l i n g - m a c h i n e b i l l e r . U s e s a s p e c i a l b illin g m a c h i n e ( c o m b i n a t i o n
t y p in g and a d d in g m a c h i n e ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s and i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s '
p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , i n t e r n a l l y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , sh ip p in g m e m o r a n d a , e t c .
U s u a l l y i n v o l v e s a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d i s c o u n t s and s h ip p in g c h a r g e s
and e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h i c h m a y o r m a y not b e c o m p u t e d on
th e b i l l i n g m a c h i n e , and t o t a l s w h i c h a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d b y
m a ch in e . The o p e r a tio n usually in volves a la rge num ber o f c a rb o n cop ies o f
the b i l l b e i n g p r e p a r e d and i s o f t e n d o n e on a f a n f o l d m a c h i n e .

KEY ENTRY O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s k e y b o a r d - c o n t r o l l e d data e n t r y d e v i c e s u c h as k e y p u n c h
m a c h i n e o r k e y - o p e r a t e d m a g n e t i c ta p e o r d i s k e n c o d e r to t r a n s c r i b e
data in to a f o r m s u it a b le f o r c o m p u t e r p r o c e s s i n g . W o r k r e q u i r e s s k i l l in
o p e r a t i n g an a l p h a n u m e r i c k e y b o a r d and an u n d e r s t a n d in g o f t r a n s c r i b i n g
p r o c e d u r e s and r e l e v a n t data e n t r y e q u i p m e n t .
P osition s
d efin ition s:

are

cla ssified

into

lev els

on

the b a s i s

of

the f o l l o w i n g

C l a s s A . W o r k r e q u i r e s the a p p l i c a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e and j u d g m e n t
in s e l e c t i n g p r o c e d u r e s t o b e f o l l o w e d and in s e a r c h i n g f o r , i n t e r p r e t i n g ,
s e l e c t i n g , o r c o d i n g i t e m s to b e e n t e r e d f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s .
On o c c a s i o n m a y a l s o p e r f o r m ro u tin e w o r k as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s B .
N O T E : E x c l u d e d a r e o p e r a t o r s a b o v e c l a s s A u sin g the k e y e n t r y
c o n t r o l s to a c c e s s , r e a d , and e v a lu a t e the s u b s t a n c e o f s p e c i f i c r e c o r d s to
ta ke s u b s t a n t i v e a c t i o n s , o r to m a k e e n t r i e s r e q u i r i n g a s i m i l a r l e v e l o f
kn ow led ge.
C l a s s B . W o r k is ro u tin e and r e p e t i t i v e . U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n
o r fo llo w in g s p e c if ic p r o c e d u r e s o r detailed in st r u c tio n s , w ork s f r o m
v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d i z e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s w h i c h h av e b e e n c o d e d and r e q u i r e
lit tle o r no s e l e c t i n g , c o d i n g , o r i n t e r p r e t i n g o f data to b e e n t e r e d . R e f e r s
to s u p e r v i s o r p r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s , c o d e s , o r m i s s i n g
in fo r m a t i o n .

Professional and Technical
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS

B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h i n e b i l l e r . U s e s a b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h i n e (w ith o r
w ith o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s * b i l l s as p a r t o f the
a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t i o n . G e n e r a l l y i n v o l v e s the s i m u l t a n e o u s e n t r y o f
fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . The m a ch in e a u to m a tica lly a c cu m u la te s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o l u m n s and c o m p u t e s and u s u a lly p r i n t s
a u t o m a t i c a l l y th e d e b it o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s .
D o e s not i n v o l v e a k n o w l e d g e
o f b ook k eepin g.
W orks
f r o m u n i f o r m and s ta n d a r d t y p e s o f s a l e s and
cred it slips.
PA Y R O L L CLERK
P e r f o r m s th e c l e r i c a l t a s k s n e c e s s a r y to p r o c e s s p a y r o l l s and to
m a i n t a i n p a y r o l l r e c o r d s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P r o c e s s i n g
w o r k e r s ' t i m e o r p r o d u c t i o n r e c o r d s ; a d ju s ti n g w o r k e r s ' r e c o r d s f o r c h a n g e s
in w a g e r a t e s , s u p p l e m e n t a r y b e n e f i t s , o r ta x d e d u c t i o n s ; e d it in g p a y r o l l




A n a l y z e s b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s to f o r m u l a t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o l v i n g
t h e m b y u s e o f e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e q u i p m e n t . D e v e l o p s a c o m p l e t e
d e s c r i p t i o n o f all s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d to e n a b le p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u i r e d d ig i t a l c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
A n a l y z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t i o n s t o b e a u t o m a t e d and i d e n t i f i e s c o n d i t i o n s
and c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d to a c h i e v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r and
t y p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d o c u m e n t s to b e u s e d ; o u t l i n e s a c t i o n s to b e
p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u t e r s in s u f f i c i e n t d e t a il f o r p r e s e n t a t i o n
to m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y th is i n v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f
w o r k and data f l o w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s th e d e v e l o p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s and
p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l r u n s o f n e w and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s
e q u i p m e n t c h a n g e s to o b t a in m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l o p e r a t i o n s .
(NOTE:
W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o t h s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g s h o u ld b e
c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f th is i s the s k i l l u s e d t o d e t e r m i n e t h e i r pay.)

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS— Continued

COMPUTER PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS— Continued

D o e s n ot in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n ­
a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s ,
o r s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g i n e e r i n g
p rob lem s.

l a n g u a g e , c a u s e the m a n ip u la t io n o f da ta to a c h i e v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s . W o r k
i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
A pp lies kn ow led ge o f c o m p u te r c a p a ­
b i l i t i e s , m a t h e m a t i c s , l o g i c e m p l o y e d b y c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t i c u l a r s u b ­
j e c t m a t t e r i n v o l v e d to a n a ly z e c h a r t s and d i a g r a m s o f the p r o b l e m to
b e p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e l o p s s e q u e n c e o f p r o g r a m s t e p s ; w r i t e s d e t a i l e d f lo w
c h a r t s to s how o r d e r . i n w h i c h data w i l l b e p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s t h e s e
c h a r t s to c o d e d i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r m a c h i n e t o f o l l o w ; t e s t s and c o r r e c t s
p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r o p e r a t i n g p e r s o n n e l d u r in g p r o d u c t i o n
run; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , and a l t e r s p r o g r a m s t o i n c r e a s e o p e r a t i n g e f f i ­
c i e n c y o r adapt to n e w r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m a i n t a i n s r e c o r d s o f p r o g r a m d e ­
v e l o p m e n t and r e v i s i o n s .
(N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o th s y s t e m s a n a l ­
y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f th is is
th e s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y . )

F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :
C l a s s A . W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s i n v o l v i n g a ll p h a s e s o f s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s . P r o b l e m s a r e
c o m p l e x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f input data and m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e ­
m e n t s o f output data.
( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s an i n t e g r a t e d p r o d u c t i o n
s c h e d u l i n g , i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , and s a l e s a n a l y s i s r e c o r d in
w h i c h e v e r y i t e m o f e a c h ty p e i s a u t o m a t i c a l l y p r o c e s s e d t h r o u g h the f u ll
s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r i a t e f o l l o w u p a c t i o n s a r e in it ia t e d b y the
c o m p u t e r . ) C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o d e t e r m i n e the data p r o c e s s i n g
p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l o n the i m p l i c a t i o n s o f n e w o r
r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f data p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s . M a k e s r e c o m m e n d a t i o n s , i f
n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s i n s t a l l a t i o n s o r c h a n g e s and f o r
o b ta in in g e q u ip m e n t .

D o e s not i n c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n ­
a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s ,
o r p r o g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c a n d / o r e n g i n e e r i n g
problem s.
F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , p r o g r a m m e r s

M ay p r o v id e fun ction al
who a re a s sig n e d to a s s i s t .

d i r e c t i o n to l o w e r

level system s

are cla ssifie d

as

follow s:

a n a ly s t s

C l a s s B . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
p r o b l e m s that a r e r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p l i c a t e d t o a n a l y z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , and
o p e r a t e . P r o b l e m s a r e o f l i m i t e d c o m p l e x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input data
a r e h o m o g e n e o u s and th e output data a r e c l o s e l y r e l a t e d .
(F o r exam ple,
d e v e l o p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in t a in in g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n t s in a b a n k , m a in t a in in g
accounts
r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t , o r m a in t a i n i n g in v e n t o r y
a c c o u n t s in a m a n u f a c t u r i n g o r w h o l e s a l e e s t a b l i s h m e n t . )
C o n f e r s w ith
p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e the data p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s
s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l o n the i m p l i c a t i o n s o f the data p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s
t o be a p p l i e d .
OR
W o r k s o n a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p l e x data p r o c e s s i n g
schem e or
s y s t e m , as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A . W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y on r o u tin e a s s i g n ­
m e n t s and r e c e i v e s i n s t r u c t i o n and g u i d a n c e o n c o m p l e x a s s i g n m e n t s . W o r k
is r e v i e w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f j u d g m e n t , c o m p l i a n c e w ith i n s t r u c t i o n s , and to
i n s u r e p r o p e r a l i g n m e n t w ith th e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .

C l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n
o n c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h i c h r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in a ll p h a s e s o f p r o ­
g r a m m i n g c o n c e p t s and p r a c t i c e s .
W orking fro m
d i a g r a m s and c h a r t s
w h i c h id e n t i f y the n a tu r e o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g s t e p s to
b e a c c o m p l i s h e d , and the r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n v a r i o u s s t e p s o f th e p r o b ­
l e m s o l v i n g ro u tin e ; p la n s the fu ll ra n g e o f p r o g r a m m i n g a c t i o n s n e e d e d
to e f f i c i e n t l y u t iliz e the c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in a c h i e v i n g d e s i r e d end p r o d u c t s .
At th is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m i n g is d i f f i c u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u i p ­
m e n t m u s t b e o r g a n i z e d to p r o d u c e s e v e r a l i n t e r r e l a t e d b ut d i v e r s e p r o d ­
u cts f r o m n u m e r o u s and d i v e r s e data e l e m e n t s .
A w i d e v a r i e t y and e x ­
te n siv e n u m ber o f internal p r o c e s s i n g a ctio n s m u s t o c c u r .
T h is re q u ire s
s u c h a c t i o n s as d e v e l o p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t i o n s w h i c h ca n b e r e ­
u s e d , e s t a b l i s h m e n t o f li n ka ge p o in ts b e t w e e n o p e r a t i o n s , a d j u s t m e n t s to
data w h e n p r o g r a m r e q u i r e m e n t s e x c e e d c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , and
s u b s t a n t i a l m a n ip u la t io n and r e s e q u e n c i n g o f da ta e l e m e n t s to f o r m a
h ig h ly i n t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .
M a y p r o v i d e fu n c t io n a l d i r e c t i o n
are assign ed to assist.

to l o w e r l e v e l

p r o g r a m m e r s who

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS

C l a s s B . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
r e l a t i v e l y s i m p l e p r o g r a m s , o r on s i m p l e s e g m e n t s o f c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a lly p r o c e s s i n f o r m a t i o n t o p r o d u c e data in tw o
o r th ree v a ried sequences or form a ts.
R e p o r t s and l i s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y
r e f i n i n g , a da p tin g, a r r a y i n g , o r m a k in g m i n o r a d d it io n s t o o r d e l e t i o n s f r o m
inpu t data w h i c h a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , th e data have b e e n r e f i n e d in p r i o r a c t i o n s s o th at th e a c c u r a c y
and s e q u e n c i n g o f data ca n b e t e s t e d b y u s in g a f e w r o u t in e c h e c k s . T y p i c a l l y ,
the p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith ro u tin e r e c o r d k e e p i n g o p e r a t i o n s .

C on verts statem ents o f b u sin e ss p r o b l e m s , ty p ica lly p r e p a r e d by a
s y s t e m s a n a l y s t , in to a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s w h i c h a r e r e ­
q u i r e d t o s o l v e the p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a t i c data p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t .
W o r k i n g f r o m c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m m e r d e v e l o p s the p r e ­
c i s e i n s t r u c t i o n s w h i c h , w h e n e n t e r e d in to the c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d

W o r k s on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s (as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A) u n d e r
c lo s e d ir e c tio n of a h igher le v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
May assist
h i g h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r b y in d e p e n d e n t l y p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d i f f i c u l t t a s k s
a s s i g n e d , and p e r f o r m i n g m o r e d i f f i c u l t t a s k s u n d e r f a i r l y c l o s e d i r e c t i o n .

C l a s s C . W o r k s u n d e r i m m e d i a t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g out a n a l y s e s
as a s s i g n e d , u s u a l l y o f a s i n g l e a c t i v i t y .
A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s i g n e d to
d e v e l o p and e x p a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e in th e a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r o c e d u r e s and
skills r e q u ire d f o r s y s t e m s a n a ly sis w ork . F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s i s t a h igher
l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly s t b y p r e p a r i n g the d e t a i l e d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u i r e d b y
program m ers
f r o m i n f o r m a t i o n d e v e l o p e d b y the h i g h e r l e v e l a n a ly s t .




OR

COMPUTER PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS— Continued

COMPUTER OPERATOR— Continued

M a y g u id e o r i n s t r u c t l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s C . M a k e s p r a c t i c a l application s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t ic e s
and c o n c e p t s u s u a l l y l e a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a i n in g c o u r s e s .
A ssign m en ts
a r e d e s i g n e d t o d e v e l o p c o m p e t e n c e in the a p p l i c a t i o n o f s t a n d a r d p r o ­
c e d u r e s t o r o u t in e p r o b l e m s .
R e c e iv e s c l o s e s u p e r v is io n on new a sp e cts
o f a s s i g n m e n t s ; and w o r k is r e v i e w e d to v e r i f y its a c c u r a c y and c o n f o r m a n c e
w ith r e q u i r e d p r o c e d u r e s .
COMPUTER OPERATOR
In a c c o r d a n c e w it h o p e r a t i n g i n s t r u c t i o n s , m o n i t o r s and o p e r a t e s
the c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r to p r o c e s s data. E x e c u t e s runs b y
e i t h e r s e r i a l p r o c e s s i n g ( p r o c e s s e s on e p r o g r a m at a t i m e ) o r m u l t i ­
p r o c e s s i n g ( p r o c e s s e s tw o o r m o r e p r o g r a m s s i m u l t a n e o u s l y ) . T h e f o l l o w i n g
d u t ie s c h a r a c t e r i z e th e w o r k o f a c o m p u t e r o p e r a t o r :
- S t u d ie s
needed.
-

operating

L oad s equip m en t
p ap er, etc.).

in stru ction s
with

to

requ ired

determ ine
item s

equipm en t

(tapes,

cards,

s e tu p
disk s,

- S w i t c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l l i a r y e q u ip m e n t into s y s t e m .
- S t a r t s and o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r .
-

R e v i e w s e r r o r m e s s a g e s and m a k e s c o r r e c t i o n s
or refers problem s.

-

C l a s s C . W o r k a s s i g n m e n t s a r e l i m i t e d to e s t a b l i s h e d p r o d u c t i o n
ru ns ( i . e . , p r o g r a m s w h i c h p r e s e n t f e w o p e r a t i n g p r o b l e m s ) .
A ssign m en ts
m a y co n sist p r im a r ily o f o n - t h e - j o b trainin g
( s o m e t i m e s a u g m e n te d b y
c l a s s r o o m i n s t r u c t i o n ) . W h e n l e a r n i n g to run p r o g r a m s , th e s u p e r v i s o r o r a
h i g h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r p r o v i d e s d e t a i l e d w r i t t e n o r o r a l g u id a n c e to the
o p e r a t o r b e f o r e and d u r in g the run. A f t e r the o p e r a t o r has g a in e d e x p e r i e n c e
w ith a p r o g r a m , h o w e v e r , the o p e r a t o r w o r k s f a i r l y in d e p e n d e n tly in
a p p ly in g s t a n d a r d o p e r a t i n g o r c o r r e c t i v e p r o c e d u r e s in r e s p o n d in g to
c o m p u t e r output i n s t r u c t i o n s o r e r r o r c o n d i t i o n s , but r e f e r s p r o b l e m s to a
h i g h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r o r the s u p e r v i s o r w h e n s t a n d a r d ‘ p r o c e d u r e s f a i l.

R e s p o n d s t o o p e r a t i n g and c o m p u t e r output i n s t r u c t i o n s .

-

C l a s s B . In a d d itio n to e s t a b l i s h e d p r o d u c t i o n r u n s , w o r k a s s i g n ­
m e n t s in c l u d e runs i n v o l v i n g n e w p r o g r a m s , a p p l i c a t i o n s , and p r o c e d u r e s
( i . e . , s it u a t io n s w h i c h r e q u i r e the o p e r a t o r to adapt to a v a r i e t y o f p r o b l e m s ) .
At th is l e v e l , th e o p e r a t o r has the t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e to w o r k f a i r l y
in d e p e n d e n t l y in c a r r y i n g out m o s t a s s i g n m e n t s . A s s i g n m e n t s m a y r e q u i r e
the o p e r a t o r t o s e l e c t f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s t a n d a r d s e tu p and o p e r a t i n g
procedures.
In r e s p o n d i n g to c o m p u t e r ou tput i n s t r u c t i o n s o r e r r o r c o n ­
d ition s, applies
s t a n d a r d o p e r a t i n g o r c o r r e c t i v e p r o c e d u r e s , but m a y
d e v ia t e f r o m s t a n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s w h e n s t a n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s f a i l if d e v ia tio n
d o e s n ot m a t e r i a l l y a l t e r the c o m p u t e r u n it 's p r o d u c t i o n p l a n s . R e f e r s the
p r o b l e m o r a b o r t s the p r o g r a m w h e n p r o c e d u r e s a p p lie d do not p r o v i d e a
s o l u t i o n . M a y gu ide l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .

M aintains o p e r a tin g r e c o r d .

P E R IP H E R A L EQ U IPM EN T O P E R A T O R

d u r in g o p e r a t i o n

O p era tes p e r ip h e r a l equipm en t w h i c h
d i r e c t l y s u p p o r t s d ig ita l
c o m p u t e r o p e r a t i o n s . S u ch e q u i p m e n t is u n iq u e ly and s p e c i f i c a l l y d e s ig n e d
f o r c o m p u t e r a p p l i c a t i o n s , but n e e d not b e p h y s i c a l l y o r e l e c t r o n i c a l l y
c o n n e c t e d to a c o m p u t e r .
P r i n t e r s , p l o t t e r s , c a r d r e a d / p u n c h e s , tape
r e a d e r s , ta p e units o r d r i v e s , d i s k units o r d r i v e s , and data d is p la y units
are e x a m p le s o f such equip m en t.

M a y t e s t - r u n n e w o r m o d i f i e d p r o g r a m s . M a y a s s i s t in m o d i f y i n g
system s or p rog ra m s.
T h e s c o p e o f this d e f in it io n in c lu d e s t r a i n e e s w o r k i n g
to b e c o m e f u l l y q u a l i f i e d c o m p u t e r o p e r a t o r s , f u l l y q u a l i f i e d c o m p u t e r
o p e r a t o r s , and l e a d o p e r a t o r s p r o v i d i n g t e c h n i c a l a s s i s t a n c e to l o w e r l e v e l
o p e r a t o r s . It e x c l u d e s w o r k e r s w h o m o n i t o r and o p e r a t e r e m o t e t e r m i n a l s .

T h e f o l l o w i n g d u tie s c h a r a c t e r i z e the w o r k o f a p e r i p h e r a l e q u ip m e n t
ope rator:

C l a s s A . In a d d it io n t o w o r k a s s i g n m e n t s d e s c r i b e d f o r a c l a s s B
o p e r a t o r ( s e e b e l o w ) the w o r k o f a c l a s s A o p e r a t o r i n v o l v e s at l e a s t o n e
o f the f o l l o w i n g :
-

-

-

- T e s t s n e w p r o g r a m s , a p p l i c a t i o n s , and p r o c e d u r e s .
- A dv ises p r o g r a m m e r s
techn iques.

and

su bject-m atter

experts

o p e r a t o r at




t h is l e v e l

t y p i c a l l y g u id e s

low er

C h e c k in g l a b e l s and m o u n t i n g and d i s m o u n t i n g
r e e l s o r d i s k s on s p e c i f i e d units o r d r i v e s .

d e s i g n a t e d tape

- Se ttin g c o n t r o l s w h i c h r e g u l a t e o p e r a t i o n o f the e q u ip m e n t .
on

setup

- O b s e r v i n g p a n e l lig h ts f o r w a r n i n g s
ta k in g a p p r o p r i a t e a c t i o n .

- A s s i s t s in (1) m a i n t a i n i n g , m o d i f y i n g , and d e v e l o p i n g o p e r a t i n g
s y s t e m s o r p r o g r a m s ; (2) d e v e l o p i n g o p e r a t i n g i n s t r u c t i o n s and
t e c h n i q u e s t o c o v e r p r o b l e m s it u a t io n s ; a n d / o r (3) s w i t c h i n g to
e m e r g e n c y back up p r o c e d u r e s (such a s sista n ce r e q u ir e s a w ork in g
k n o w l e d g e o f p r o g r a m la n g u a g e , c o m p u t e r f e a t u r e s , and s o f t w a r e
s y s t e m s ).
An

L a b e l l i n g ta p e r e e l s , d i s k s , o r c a r d d e c k s .

-

D e v i a t e s f r o m s t a n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s to a v o id the l o s s o f i n f o r ­
m a t i o n o r t o c o n s e r v e c o m p u t e r t i m e e v e n th o u g h the p r o c e d u r e s
a p p l i e d m a t e r i a l l y a l t e r the c o m p u t e r u n it 's p r o d u c t i o n p l a n s .

L oading p r in t e r s
and p l o t t e r s w ith c o r r e c t p a p e r ; a djusting
c o n t r o l s f o r f o r m s , t h i c k n e s s , t e n s i o n , p r i n t i n g d e n s i t y , and
l o c a t i o n ; and u n lo a d in g h a r d c o p y .

and

error

in d i c a t i o n s

- E xam inin g ta p e s , c a r d s , o r oth er m a t e r ia l f o r c r e a s e s ,
o r oth er defects w hich could cause p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s .

and

tears,

T h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c l u d e s w o r k e r s (1) w h o m o n i t o r and o p e r a t e a
c o n t r o l c o n s o l e ( s e e c o m p u t e r o p e r a t o r ) o r a r e m o t e t e r m i n a l , o r (2) w h o s e
d u tie s a r e l i m i t e d to o p e r a t i n g d e c o l l a t e r s , b u r s t e r s , s e p a r a t o r s , o r s i m i l a r
equipm ent.

lev el op erators.

45

COMPUTER DATA LIBRARIAN

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN

M a in ta in s l i b r a r y o f m e d i a ( t a p e s , d i s k s , c a r d s , c a s s e t t e s ) u s e d
f o r a u t o m a t i c data p r o c e s s i n g a p p l i c a t i o n s . T h e f o l l o w i n g o r s i m i l a r d u tie s
c h a r a c t e r i z e the w o r k o f a c o m p u t e r da ta l i b r a r i a n :
C la ssify in g , cataloging,
and s t o r i n g m e d i a in a c c o r d a n c e w ith a s t a n d a r d i z e d s y s t e m ; u po n p r o p e r
r e q u e s t s , r e l e a s i n g m e d i a f o r p r o c e s s i n g ; m a in t a i n i n g r e c o r d s o f r e l e a s e s
and r e t u r n s ; i n s p e c t i n g r e t u r n e d m e d i a f o r d a m a g e o r e x c e s s i v e w e a r to
d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r o r not t h e y n e e d r e p l a c i n g . M a y p e r f o r m m i n o r r e p a i r s
to d a m a g e d t a p e s .

W o r k s o n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t and r e l a t e d d e v i c e s
b y p e r f o r m i n g o n e o r a c o m b i n a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : I n s t a l l i n g , m a i n t a i n i n g ,
r e p a i r i n g , o v e r h a u l i n g , t r o u b l e s h o o t i n g , m o d i f y i n g , c o n s t r u c t i n g , and t e s t i n g .
W o r k r e q u ire s p r a c t ic a l app lication o f t e c h n ic a l k n ow led ge o f e le c t r o n ic s
p r i n c i p l e s , a b ility to d e t e r m i n e m a l f u n c t i o n s , and s k i l l to put e q u i p m e n t in
r e q u i r e d o p e r a t i n g c o n d it io n .

DRAFTER
C l a s s A . P l a n s the g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p l e x i t e m s h av in g
d i s t i n c t i v e d e s i g n f e a t u r e s that d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t i n g
precedents.
W o r k s in c l o s e s u p p o r t w ith the d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r , and m a y
r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e s i g n c h a n g e s . A n a l y z e s the e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e o n the
d e t a i l s o f f o r m , f u n c t i o n , and p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m p o n e n t s and
p a r t s . W o r k s w ith a m i n i m u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C om pleted w ork
is r e v i e w e d b y d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g i n e e r i n g
dete rm in a tio n s. M ay eith er p r e p a r e draw in gs o r d ir e c t th e ir p r e p a ra tio n by
low er level drafters.
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n r o u t i n e and c o m p l e x d r a f t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s
that r e q u i r e the a p p l i c a t i o n o f m o s t o f the s t a n d a r d i z e d d r a w i n g t e c h n i q u e s
r e g u la rly used.
D u t ie s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s u c h w o r k as:
P r e p a r e s w orking
d r a w i n g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w it h i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s , m u l t i p l e f u n c t i o n s , and
p r e c is e p osition a l relationsh ips betw een co m pon en ts; p r e p a r e s a rch ite ctu r a l
d r a w i n g s f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a b u il d in g in c l u d i n g d e t a il d r a w i n g s o f f o u n d a ­
t i o n s , w a l l s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p l a n s , and r o o f .
U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s and
m a n u a ls in m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y c o m p u t a t i o n s to d e t e r m i n e q u a n t it ie s o f
m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , l o a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s , s t r e s s e s , e t c .
R eceiv es
in it ia l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , and a d v i c e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C om pleted
w o r k is c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n i c a l a d e q u a c y .
C l a s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a i l d r a w i n g s o f s i n g l e units o r p a r t s f o r
en gineering, con stru ctio n , m an ufactu rin g, o r re p a ir p u r p o s e s .
T ypes of
d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d in c l u d e i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s ( d e p i c t i n g t h r e e d i m e n s i o n s
in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) and s e c t i o n a l v i e w s to c l a r i f y p o s i t i o n i n g o f c o m p o n e n t s
and c o n v e y n e e d e d i n f o r m a t i o n .
C on solid a tes details f r o m a n u m b e r o f
s o u r c e s and a d j u s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e as r e q u i r e d . S u g g e s t e d m e t h o d s o f
a p p r o a c h , a p p l i c a b l e p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v i c e on s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n
w ith in i t i a l a s s i g n m e n t s . I n s t r u c t i o n s a r e l e s s c o m p l e t e w h e n a s s i g n m e n t s
r e c u r . W o r k m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .

D R A F T E R -T R A C E R
C o p i e s p la n s and d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c i n g t r a c i n g
c lo t h o r p a p e r o v e r d r a w i n g s and t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l .
( D o e s n ot
in c lu d e t r a c i n g l i m i t e d to plains p r i m a r i l y c o n s i s t i n g o f s t r a i g h t l i n e s and a
la r g e s c a le not re q u irin g c l o s e d e lin e a tio n .)

T h e e q u ip m e n t — c o n s i s t i n g o f e i t h e r m a n y d i f f e r e n t k in d s o f c i r c u i t s
o r m u l t i p l e re p e t it io n o f the s a m e k in d o f c i r c u i t — i n c l u d e s , but i s n ot l i m i t e d
t o , th e f o l l o w i n g : (a) E l e c t r o n i c t r a n s m i t t i n g and r e c e i v i n g e q u i p m e n t ( e . g . ,
r a d a r , r a d i o , t e l e v i s i o n , t e l e p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v i g a t i o n a l a i d s ) , (b) d i g i t a l and
a n a lo g c o m p u t e r s , and (c ) i n d u s t r i a l and m e d i c a l m e a s u r i n g and c o n t r o l l i n g
equipm ent.
T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c l u d e s r e p a i r e r s o f s u c h s t a n d a r d e l e c t r o n i c
e q u i p m e n t as c o m m o n o f f i c e m a c h i n e s and h o u s e h o l d r a d i o and t e l e v i s i o n
s e t s ; p r o d u c t i o n a s s e m b l e r s and t e s t e r s ; - w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y duty is
s e r v i c i n g e l e c t r o n i c test in st r u m e n ts ; te c h n ic ia n s who have a d m in is t r a tiv e
o r s u p e r v i s o r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s i g n e r s , and p r o f e s s i o n a l
en ginee r s .
P ositions
d efin ition s:

are cla s s ifie d

in to

levels

on

the b a s i s

of

th e f o l l o w i n g

C l a s s A . A p p l i e s a d v a n c e d t e c h n i c a l k n o w l e d g e to s o l v e u n u s u a lly
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , t h o s e that t y p i c a l l y c a n n o t b e s o l v e d s o l e l y b y
r e f e r e n c e to m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a l s o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k i n g on
e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t.
E x a m p l e s o f s u c h p r o b l e m s i n c l u d e l o c a t i o n and
d e n s i t y o f c i r c u i t r y , e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c r a d i a t i o n , i s o l a t i n g m a l f u n c t i o n s , and
frequ en t en gineering ch anges. W o r k in v o lv e s :
A d etailed u nderstanding of
the i n t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g i n d e p e n d e n t ju d g m e n t in p e r ­
f o r m i n g s u ch t a s k s as m a k in g c i r c u i t a n a l y s e s , c a l c u l a t i n g w a v e f o r m s ,
t r a c i n g r e l a t i o n s h i p s in s i g n a l f l o w ; and r e g u l a r l y u s in g c o m p l e x t e s t i n ­
strum ents
( e . g . , dual t r a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v i a t i o n m e t e r s ,
pu lse g e n era tors).
W o r k m a y b e r e v i e w e d b y s u p e r v i s o r ( f r e q u e n t l y an e n g i n e e r o r
d e s i g n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p l i a n c e w it h a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s .
May provide
t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e to l o w e r l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n s .
C l a s s B . A p p l i e s c o m p r e h e n s i v e t e c h n i c a l k n o w l e d g e to s o l v e c o m ­
p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , t h o s e that t y p i c a l l y c a n b e s o l v e d s o l e l y b y p r o p e r l y
i n t e r p r e t i n g m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a l s o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k i n g on
e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t. W o r k i n v o l v e s : A f a m i l i a r i t y w ith the i n t e r r e l a t i o n ­
s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; and ju d g m e n t in d e t e r m i n i n g w o r k s e q u e n c e and in s e l e c t i n g
t o o l s and t e s t in g i n s t r u m e n t s , u s u a l l y l e s s c o m p l e x than t h o s e u s e d b y the
c la s s A techn ician.
R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l g u i d a n c e , as r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h i g h e r
l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n , and w o r k is r e v i e w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p l i a n c e w ith a c c e p t e d
p r a c t i c e s and w o r k a s s i g n m e n t s .
M ay p r o v id e te c h n ic a l gu idan ce to lo w e r
le v e l techn icians.

A N D /O R
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r rep etitiv e d raw in gs of e a s ily v is u a liz e d it e m s .
W o r k is c l o s e l y s u p e r v i s e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .




C l a s s C . A p p l i e s w o r k i n g t e c h n i c a l k n o w l e d g e to p e r f o r m s i m p l e o r
ro u tin e ta s k s in w o r k i n g on e l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t , f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d i n ­
s tru ction s w hich c o v e r virtu a lly all p r o c e d u r e s . W o r k ty p ic a lly in volves such

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN— Continued

MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIAN— Continued

t a s k s a s : A s s i s t i n g h i g h e r l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n s b y p e r f o r m i n g s u c h a c t i v i t i e s as
r e p l a c i n g c o m p o n e n t s , w i r i n g c i r c u i t s , and t a k in g te s t r e a d i n g s ; r e p a i r i n g
s i m p l e e l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t ; and u sin g t o o l s and c o m m o n t e s t i n s t r u m e n t s
( e . g . , m u l t i m e t e r s , a u d io s i g n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tu b e t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) . Is
n o t r e q u i r e d t o b e f a m i l i a r w i t h th e i n t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s .
This
k n o w l e d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y b e a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a s s i g n m e n t s d e s i g n e d to i n ­
c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e ( i n c l u d i n g c l a s s r o o m t r a i n i n g ) s o that w o r k e r c a n a d v a n c e
to h ig h e r le v e l te c h n ic ia n .

equip m en t; w ork in g
w irin g o r e le c t r ic a l
and m e a s u r i n g and
tenance e le c tr ic ia n
th rou gh a f o r m a l

M AIN TEN AN CE P A IN T E R
P a i n t s and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , and f i x t u r e s o f an e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s th e f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l e d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s
and t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u i r e d f o r d i f f e r e n t a p p l i c a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r
p a in t in g b y r e m o v i n g o l d f i n i s h o r b y p l a c i n g pu tt y o r f i l l e r in n a il h o le s
and i n t e r s t i c e s ; and a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y gun o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s ,
o i l s , w h i t e l e a d , and o t h e r pain t i n g r e d i e n t s to o b t a in p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n ­
s i s t e n c y . In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a i n t e n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l g u i d a n c e , as r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h i g h e r
le v e l tech n icia n .
W o r k is t y p i c a l l y s p o t c h e c k e d , but i s g i v e n d e t a i l e d
r e v ie w when n ew o r a d v a n ced a s sig n m e n ts are in volved.
R E G IS T E R E D IN D U S T R IA L NURSE
A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w ho gives nursing s e r v ic e under g e n e ra l m e d ic a l
d ir e c tio n to ill o r in ju red e m p lo y e e s o r oth er p erson s who b e c o m e ill o r
s u f f e r an a c c i d e n t o n th e p r e m i s e s o f a f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
D u t i e s i n v o l v e a c o m b i n a t i o n o f the f o l l o w i n g : G iv in g f i r s t a id to the i l l o r
i n j u r e d ; a tt e n d in g t o s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p i n g
r e c o r d s o f patients t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r in g a ccid en t rep orts f o r c o m p e n sa t io n o r
o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t i o n s and h e a l t h e v a l u a t i o n s o f
a p p l i c a n t s and e m p l o y e e s ; a nd p la n n in g and c a r r y i n g out p r o g r a m s i n v o l v i n g
h e a l t h e d u c a t i o n , afc cid en t p r e v e n t i o n , e v a l u a t i o n o f plant e n v i r o n m e n t , o r
o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g th e h e a l t h , w e l f a r e , and s a f e t y o f a ll p e r s o n n e l .
N u r s i n g s u p e r v i s o r s o r h e a d n u r s e s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e th an
one n u rse are exclu ded .

M A IN T E N A N C E MACH INIST
P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t s and n e w p a r t s in m a k i n g r e p a i r s o f
m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n i c a l e q u i p m e n t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n ­
v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : I n t e r p r e t i n g w r i t t e n i n s t r u c t i o n s and s p e c i f i c a ­
t i o n s ; p la n n in g and l a y in g out o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t ' s h a n d t o o l s and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g up and o p e r a t i n g s t a n d a r d
m a c h i n e t o o l s ; s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s ta n d a r d
s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o d i m e n s i o n s o f w o r k , t o o l i n g , f e e d s , and s p e e d s
o f m a c h i n i n g ; k n o w l e d g e o f the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f the c o m m o n m e t a l s ;
s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , and e q u i p m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r th is w o r k ;
and fitt in g and a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n i c a l e q u i p m e n t . In g e n e r a l , the
m a c h i n i s t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p
p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant
M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R

M A IN T E N A N C E M EC H A N IC (M A C H IN E R Y)

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u tie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t and m a i n t a i n
in g o o d r e p a i r b u i l d i n g w o o d w o r k and e q u ip m e n t s u c h as b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s ,
b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d
in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : P l a n n i n g and
l a y i n g ou t o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ;
u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r ' s h a n d t o o l s , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , and s t a n d a r d
m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to d i ­
m e n s i o n s o f w o r k ; a nd s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s s a r y f o r th e w o r k . In g e n ­
e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a i n t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and
e x p e r i e n c e u su ally a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l ap p re n tice sh ip o r equivalent
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l e q u i p m e n t o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
E x a m i n i n g m a c h i n e s and m e c h a n i c a l
e q u i p m e n t to d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s m a n t l i n g o r p a r t l y d is m a n t lin g
m a c h i n e s and p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s that m a i n l y i n v o l v e the u s e o f h a n d t o o ls in
s c r a p i n g and f itt in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w ith i t e m s
o b t a i n e d f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g th e p r o d u c t i o n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t b y a
m a c h i n e s h o p o r s e n d in g the m a c h i n e t o a m a c h i n e s h o p f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ;
p r e p a r i n g w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s o r f o r th e p r o d u c t i o n o f
p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h i n e s h o p s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h i n e s ; and m a k in g a ll
n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t i o n . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f a m a c h i n e r y
m a i n t e n a n c e m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly
a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n in g and e x ­
perien ce.
E x clu d e d f r o m th is c la s s ifi c a t io n a re w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y
d u t ie s i n v o l v e s e t t in g up o r a d j u s t i n g m a c h i n e s .

M A IN T EN AN CE E L E C T R IC IA N
P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e f u n c t i o n s s u c h as th e i n ­
s t a l l a t i o n , m a i n t e n a n c e , o r r e p a i r o f e q u i p m e n t f o r the g e n e r a t i o n , d i s t r i ­
b u t i o n , o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s
m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : I n s t a l l i n g o r r e p a i r i n g any o f a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l
e q u ip m en t su ch as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w itc h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s ,
c i r c u i t b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e a t i n g u n it s , co n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s ­
m i s s i o n equipm en t; w o rk in g f r o m b lu ep rin ts, draw in gs, la y ou ts, o r o th e r
s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g and d i a g n o s i n g t r o u b l e in the e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r




s t a n d a r d c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to l o a d r e q u i r e m e n t s o f
e q u i p m e n t ; and u s ip g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n ' s h a n d t o o ls
t e s t i n g i n s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f the m a i n ­
r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u i r e d
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E MECH AN IC (M O T O R V E H IC L E )
R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i l e s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b ­
lish m en t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
E x a m i n i n g a u t o m o t iv e
e q u i p m e n t to d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u i p m e n t and p e r ­
f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th at i n v o l v e th e u s e o f s u c h h a n d t o o l s a s ' w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s ,

47

MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (MOTOR VEHICLE)— Continued

MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPER

d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u i p m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r fit t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g
b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r i n d i n g and a d j u s t i n g v a l v e s ; r e ­
a s s e m b l i n g and i n s t a l l i n g the v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in the v e h i c l e and m a k i n g
n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s ; and a lig n in g w h e e l s , a d j u s t i n g b r a k e s and l i g h t s , o r
t i g h t e n in g b o d y b o l t s . In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f th e m o t o r v e h i c l e m a i n t e n a n c e
m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s , b y
p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c o r g e n e r a l d u t ie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u c h as k e e p i n g a
w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r i a l s and t o o l s ; c l e a n i n g w o r k i n g a r e a , m a c h i n e ,
and e q u i p m e n t ; a s s i s t i n g j o u r n e y m a n b y h o l d i n g m a t e r i a l s o r t o o l s ; and
p e r f o r m i n g o t h e r u n s k i l l e d t a s k s as d i r e c t e d b y j o u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f
w o r k the h e l p e r is p e r m i t t e d t o p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e :
In
s o m e t r a d e s the h e l p e r i s c o n f i n e d t o s u p p l y i n g , l i f t i n g , and h o l d i n g m a t e r i a l s
and t o o l s , and c l e a n i n g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; and in o t h e r s he is p e r m i t t e d t o
p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th at a r e a l s o
p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .

T h is
cla ssifica tion d o e s
no t i n c l u d e
c u s t o m e r s ' v e h i c l e s in a u t o m o b i l e r e p a i r s h o p s .

m ech an ics

who

rep air

M AIN TEN AN CE P IP E F IT T E R
I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r t y p e s o f p i p e and
p i p e f i t t i n g s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : L a y i n g
out w o r k and m e a s u r i n g to l o c a t e p o s i t i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w i n g s o r o t h e r
w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; cu ttin g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e to c o r r e c t le n g t h s w ith
c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t i n g m a c h i n e s ; t h r e a d i n g
p ip e w ith s t o c k s and d i e s ; b e n d i n g p ip e b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n
m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g p ip e w ith c o u p l i n g s and f a s t e n i n g p i p e t o h a n g e r s ;
m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o p r e s s u r e s , f l o w , and s i z e o f
p ip e r e q u i r e d ; and m a k i n g s t a n d a r d t e s t s t o d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r f i n i s h e d p i p e s
m eet sp ecifications.
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a i n t e n a n c e p i p e f i t t e r
r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
W orkers prim a rily
e n g a g e d in i n s t a l l i n g and r e p a i r i n g b u i l d i n g s a n it a t io n o r h e a t in g s y s t e m s
are e x clu d e d .
M AIN TEN AN CE S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , and m a i n t a i n s in g o o d r e p a i r the s h e e t - m e t a l
e q u i p m e n t and f i x t u r e s ( s u c h as m a c h i n e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s ,
l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e t a l r o o f i n g ) o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g and l a y in g out a ll t y p e s o f
s h e e t -m e ta l m a in ten ance w o rk f r o m b lu e p rin ts, m o d e ls , o r o th er s p e c i f i c a ­
t i o n s ; s e t t i n g up and o p e r a t i n g a ll a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k i n g
m a c h i n e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d t o o l s in c u t t in g , b e n d i n g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g ,
f it t in g , and a s s e m b l i n g ; and i n s t a l l i n g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s as r e q u i r e d . In
g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f th e m a i n t e n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M ILLW RIGH T
I n s t a l l s n e w m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u i p m e n t , and d i s m a n t l e s and
i n s t a l l s m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u i p m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e
r e q u i r e d . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P l a n n i n g and l a y i n g ou t w o r k ;
i n t e r p r e t i n g b l u e p r i n t s o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d t o o l s
and r i g g i n g ; m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to s t r e s s e s , s t r e n g t h
o f m a t e r i a l s , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; a lig n in g and b a l a n c i n g e q u i p m e n t ;
s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d t o o l s , e q u i p m e n t , and p a r t s t o b e u s e d ; and i n s t a l l i n g and
m a in t a i n i n g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u i p m e n t s u c h as d r i v e s and
speed r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , the m i l l w r i g h t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a
r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .




M A C H IN E -TO O L O P E R A T O R (TO O LR O O M )
S p e c i a l i z e s in o p e r a t i n g o n e o r m o r e th an o n e t y p e o f m a c h i n e
t o o l ( e . g . , j i g b o r e r , g r in d in g m a c h i n e , e n g in e la th e , m i l l i n g m a c h i n e ) to
m a c h i n e m e t a l f o r u se in m a k in g o r m a i n t a i n i n g j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o l s ,
g a u g e s , o r m e t a l d i e s o r m o l d s u s e d in s h a p in g o r f o r m i n g m e t a l o r
n on m eta llic m a teria l (e.g., pla stic, p la s t e r , ru b b e r, gla s s ).
W ork ty pically
i n v o l v e s : P la n n in g and p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t m a c h i n i n g o p e r a t i o n s w h i c h
r e q u i r e c o m p l i c a t e d s e t u p s o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; s e t t in g up m a c h i n e
t o o l o r t o o l s ( e . g . , i n s t a l l cu tt ing t o o l s and a d j u s t g u i d e s , s t o p s , w o r k i n g
t a b l e s , and o t h e r c o n t r o l s to h a n d le th e s i z e o f s t o c k t o b e m a c h i n e d ;
d e t e r m i n e p r o p e r f e e d s , s p e e d s , t o o l i n g , and o p e r a t i o n s e q u e n c e o r s e l e c t
t h o s e p r e s c r i b e d in d r a w i n g s , b l u e p r i n t s , o r l a y o u t s ) ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f
p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s d u r in g
m a ch in in g o p e ra tio n to a ch ieve re q u isite d im e n s io n s to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s .
M a y b e r e q u i r e d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o l a n t s and c u tt in g and l u b r i c a t i n g o i l s ,
t o r e c o g n i z e when t o o l s n e e d d r e s s i n g , and t o d r e s s t o o l s . In g e n e r a l , the
w o r k o f a m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r ( t o o l r o o m ) at th e s k i l l l e v e l c a l l e d f o r in
t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n r e q u i r e s e x t e n s i v e k n o w l e d g e o f m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l ­
r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h c o n s i d e r a b l e o n - t h e - j o b t r a i n i n g and
ex p erien ce.
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , t h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s n ot
i n c l u d e m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s ( t o o l r o o m ) e m p l o y e d in t o o l and d ie j o b b i n g
shops.
T O O L A N D DIE M A K E R
C o n s t r u c t s and r e p a i r s j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o l s , g a u g e s , o r
m e ta l dies or m o ld s
u s e d in s h a p in g o r f o r m i n g m e t a l o r n o n m e t a l l i c
m a te ria l (e.g., p la stic, p la ster, ru b b e r, g la s s ).
W ork ty p ically in v o lv e s :
P l a n n i n g and la y in g out w o r k a c c o r d i n g t o m o d e l s , b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , o r
o t h e r w r i t t e n o r o r a l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u n d e r s t a n d i n g th e w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f
c o m m o n m e t a l s and a l l o y s ; s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r i a t e m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , and
p r o c e s s e s req u ired to com p lete task; m akin g n e c e s s a r y shop com p u ta tion s;
s e t t in g up and o p e r a t i n g v a r i o u s m a c h i n e t o o l s and r e l a t e d e q u i p m e n t ; u s in g
v a r i o u s t o o l and die m a k e r ' s h a n d t o o ls and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ;
w o r k i n g to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g m e t a l p a r t s and f i n i s h e d t o o l s
and d i e s t o a c h i e v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; f itt in g and a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s t o p r e ­
s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s and a l l o w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l , the t o o l and die m a k e r ' s
w o r k r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e
u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and
exp erience.
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s n o t
i n c l u d e t o o l and die m a k e r s w h o (1) a r e e m p l o y e d in t o o l and d ie j o b b i n g
s h o p s o r (2) p r o d u c e f o r g i n g d i e s ( d ie s i n k e r s ) .

STATIONARY ENGINEER

SHIPPER AND RECEIVER— Continued

O p e r a t e s and m a i n t a i n s and m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e the o p e r a t i o n o f
s t a t i o n a r y e n g i n e s and e q u i p m e n t ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p p ly the
e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h i c h e m p l o y e d w ith p o w e r , h e at, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r c o n d i t i o n i n g . W o r k i n v o l v e s : O p e r a t i n g and m a in ta in in g e q u i p m e n t s u c h as
s t e a m e n g i n e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n t ila t in g
and r e f r i g e r a t i n g e q u i p m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ;
m a k i n g e q u i p m e n t r e p a i r s ; and k e e p i n g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t i o n o f m a c h i n e r y ,
t e m p e r a t u r e , and f u e l c o n s u m p t i o n .
May also s u p e rv ise th ese o p e r a tio n s .
H e a d o r c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e th an o n e e n g i n e e r
are exclu ded.

R e c e i v e r s t y p i c a l l y a r e r e s p o n s i b l e f o r m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
V e r i f y i n g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f i n c o m i n g s h i p m e n t s b y c o m p a r i n g i t e m s and
q u a n t it ie s u n l o a d e d a g a in s t b i l l s o f l a d in g , i n v o i c e s , m a n i f e s t s , s t o r a g e
r e c e ip ts , o r oth er r e c o r d s ;
c h e c k i n g f o r d a m a g e d g o o d s ; i n s u r i n g that
g o o d s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e l y i d e n t i f i e d f o r r o u tin g to d e p a r t m e n t s w ith in the
e s t a b l i s h m e n t ; p r e p a r i n g and k e e p i n g r e c o r d s o f g o o d s r e c e i v e d .
F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :
S h ipp er
R eceiv er
S h i p p e r and r e c e i v e r

B O ILE R TEN DER
F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n i s h the e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h i c h e m ­
p l o y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r , o r
steam .
F e e d s f u e ls t o f i r e b y hand o r
o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n i c a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; and c h e c k s w a t e r and
s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u i p m e n t .

WAREHOUSEMAN
A s d i r e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f w a r e h o u s i n g du tie s w h i c h r e q u i r e
an u n d e r s t a n d in g o f th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t ' s s t o r a g e p l a n . W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t
o f th e f o l l o w i n g : V e r i f y i n g m a t e r i a l s ( o r m e r c h a n d i s e ) a g a in s t r e c e i v i n g
d o c u m e n t s , n o tin g and r e p o r t i n g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and o b v i o u s d a m a g e s ; rou tin g
m a t e r i a l s to p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n s ; s t o r i n g , s t a c k i n g , o r p a l l e t i z i n g
m a t e r i a l s in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m e t h o d s ; r e a r r a n g i n g and
ta k in g i n v e n t o r y o f s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s ; e x a m i n i n g s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s and r e ­
p o r t i n g d e t e r i o r a t i o n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s t o r a g e and
p r e p a r i n g it f o r s h i p m e n t . M a y o p e r a t e hand o r p o w e r t r u c k s in p e r f o r m i n g
w a re h o u s in g duties.

Material Movement and Custodial
TRU CKDR1VER
D rives
a t r u c k w it h in a c i t y o r in d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t
m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e , e q u ip m e n t, o r w o r k e r s betw een v a rio u s ty pes o f
e s t a b lis h m e n t s s u c h as: M an ufactu ring pla n ts, freight d e p o ts, w a r e h o u s e s ,
w h o l e s a l e and r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e t w e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and
c u s t o m e r s ' houses o r p la ce s o f bu sin ess.
M a y a l s o l o a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k
w i t h o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s , m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p t r u c k in
g ood w ork in g o r d e r .
S a l e s r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e e x c l u d e d .
F o r w a ge study p u r p o s e s ,
r a t e d c a p a c i t y o f t r u c k , as f o l l o w s :

tru ck d rivers

E x c l u d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u tie s i n v o l v e s h ip p in g and r e ­
c e i v i n g w o r k ( s e e S h i p p e r and R e c e i v e r and S h ip p in g P a c k e r ) , o r d e r f illin g
(see O r d e r F il le r ), o r operating p o w e r truck s (see P o w e r - T r u c k O perator).

a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e and

T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t t r u c k
( s t r a i g h t t r u c k , u n d e r IV 2 t o n s , u s u a l l y 4 w h e e l s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , m e d iu m truck
( s t r a i g h t t r u c k , l l/2 t o 4 t o n s i n c l u s i v e , u s u a lly 6 w h e e l s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , heavy tru ck
( s t r a i g h t t r u c k , o v e r 4 t o n s , u s u a l l y 10 w h e e l s )
T ru ck d river, tr a c to r-tra ile r

ORDER FIL LE R
F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f i n i s h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d
m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r oth er in stru ctio n s.
M a y , in a d d it io n to f i l l i n g o r d e r s and i n ­
d i c a t i n g i t e m s f i l l e d o r o m i t t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i s i t i o n
a d d it io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p l i e s to s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m o t h e r
r e l a t e d d u t ie s .

SH IPPER AND R E C E IV E R
P e r f o r m s c l e r i c a l and p h y s i c a l t a s k s in c o n n e c t i o n w ith s h ip p in g
g o o d s o f the e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h i c h e m p l o y e d and r e c e i v i n g i n c o m i n g
shipm ents.
In p e r f o r m i n g d a y - t o - d a y , r o u tin e t a s k s , f o l l o w s e s t a b l i s h e d
g u i d e l i n e s . In h a n d lin g u n u su a l n o n ro u tin e p r o b l e m s , r e c e i v e s s p e c i f i c g u i d ­
ance fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r o th er o fficia ls.
M a y d i r e c t and c o o r d i n a t e the
a c t i v i t i e s o f o t h e r w o r k e r s e n g a g e d in h an dlin g g o o d s to b e s h ip p e d o r b e i n g
receiv ed .

SHIPPING P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s f i n i s h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h i p m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p la c i n g t h e m
in s h ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s , the s p e c i f i c o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d b e i n g d ep end ent
upon the t y p e , s i z e , and n u m b e r o f units to b e p a c k e d , th e t y p e o f c o n t a i n e r
e m p l o y e d , and m e t h o d o f s h i p m e n t . W o r k r e q u i r e s the p l a c i n g o f i t e m s in
s h ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s and m a y i n v o l v e o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l e d g e
o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y co n t e n t ; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e
t y p e and s i z e o f c o n t a i n e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u sin g e x c e l s i o r
o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g and s e a l i n g
c o n t a i n e r ; and a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r i n g id e n t i f y i n g data o n c o n t a i n e r .
P a c k e r s who a ls o m a ke w ooden b o x e s o r cra te s are exclu ded .

Shippers ty p ica lly a re
r e s p o n s i b l e f o r m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
V e r i f y i n g that o r d e r s a r e a c c u r a t e l y f i l l e d b y c o m p a r i n g i t e m s and q u a n tit ie s
o f g o o d s g a t h e r e d f o r s h i p m e n t a g a in s t d o c u m e n t s ; i n s u r i n g that s h i p m e n t s
a r e p r o p e r l y p a c k a g e d , i d e n t i f i e d w ith s h ip p in g i n f o r m a t i o n , and l o a d e d in to
t r a n s p o r t i n g v e h i c l e s ; p r e p a r i n g and k e e p in g r e c o r d s o f g o o d s s h i p p e d , e . g . ,
m a n i f e s t s , b i l l s o f l a d in g .




49

M ATERIAL HANDLING LABORER

GUARD— Continued

A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t , s t o r e , o r
o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t w h o s e d u tie s i n v o l v e o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g :
L o a d i n g and u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s f n a t e r i a l s and m e r c h a n d i s e on o r f r o m f r e i g h t
c a r s , tr u c k s , o r oth er tr an sp ortin g d e v ic e s ; unpacking, shelv ing, o r pla cin g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n ; and t r a n s p o r t i n g
m a te ria ls o r m e r ch a n d ise by handtruck, c a r , o r w h e e lb a rr o w .
Longshore
w o r k e r s , w h o l o a d and u n lo a d s h i p s , a r e e x c l u d e d .

Guards e m p lo y e d by e s t a b lis h m e n ts w h ic h p r o v id e p r o t e c t iv e
v i c e s o n a c o n t r a c t b a s i s a r e i n c l u d e d in t h i s o c c u p a t i o n .

P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R
O pera tes a m anually c o n tr o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d truck
o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t g o o d s and m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t, o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s
t r u c k , as f o l l o w s :

a re c l a s s i f i e d by type o f p o w e r -

F ork lift o p e r a to r
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r ( o t h e r than f o r k l i f t )

ser­

F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , g u a r d s a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :
C la ss A . E n fo r c e s re g u la tio n s d e s ig n e d to p r e v e n t b r e a c h e s o f
security.
E x e r c i s e s ju d g m e n t and u s e s d i s c r e t i o n in d e a l i n g w ith e m e r ­
gen cies
and s e c u r i t y v i o l a t i o n s e n c o u n t e r e d .
D eterm in es w hether firs t
r e s p o n s e s h o u ld b e to i n t e r v e n e d i r e c t l y ( a s k i n g f o r a s s i s t a n c e w h e n d e e m e d
n e c e s s a r y and t i m e a l l o w s ) , t o k e e p s it u a t i o n u n d e r s u r v e i l l a n c e , o r t o r e ­
p o r t s itu a tio n s o that it ca n b e h a n d l e d b y a p p r o p r i a t e a u t h o r i t y .
D u t ie s
r e q u i r e s p e c i a l i z e d t r a i n i n g in m e t h o d s and t e c h n i q u e s o f p r o t e c t i n g s e c u r i t y
areas.
C o m m o n l y , th e g u a r d i s r e q u i r e d t o d e m o n s t r a t e c o n t i n u i n g p h y s i c a l
f i t n e s s and p r o f i c i e n c y w ith f i r e a r m s o r o t h e r s p e c i a l w e a p o n s .
C lass B .
C a r r i e s out i n s t r u c t i o n s p r i m a r i l y o r i e n t e d t o w a r d i n ­
s u r i n g th at e m e r g e n c i e s and s e c u r i t y v i o l a t i o n s a r e r e a d i l y d i s c o v e r e d and
r e p o r t e d t o a p p r o p r i a t e a u t h o r ity . I n t e r v e n e s d i r e c t l y o n l y in s i t u a t i o n s w h i c h
r e q u ir e m in im a l action to s a fe g u a rd p r o p e r t y o r p e r s o n s .
D u t ie s r e q u i r e
m i n i m a l tr a i n in g .
C o m m o n l y , th e g u a r d i s n o t r e q u i r e d t o d e m o n s t r a t e
p h y s i c a l f i t n e s s . M a y b e a r m e d , b u t g e n e r a l l y i s n ot r e q u i r e d t o d e m o n s t r a t e
p r o f i c i e n c y in the u se o f f i r e a r m s o r s p e c i a l w e a p o n s .
JAN ITO R, P O R T E R , OR C LE A N E R

GUARD
P r o t e c t s p r o p e r t y f r o m theft o r d a m a g e , o r p e r s o n s f r o m h az a rd s
o r i n t e r f e r e n c e . D u t ie s i n v o l v e s e r v i n g at a f i x e d p o s t , m a k i n g ro u n d s on
foot o r by m o t o r v e h i c l e , o r e s c o r t i n g p e r s o n s o r p r o p e r t y . M ay be d ep utized
to m a k e
arrests.
M a y a l s o h e lp v i s i t o r s and c u s t o m e r s b y a n s w e r i n g
q u e s t i o n s and g iv i n g d i r e c t i o n s .




C le a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d i t i o n f a c t o r y w o r k i n g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r
o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D utie s i n v o l v e a c o m b i n a t i o n o f the f o l l o w i n g : S w e e p i n g ,
m o p p i n g o r s c r u b b i n g , and p o l i s h i n g f l o o r s ; r e m o v i n g c h i p s , t r a s h , and o t h e r
r e f u s e ; du stin g e q u i p m e n t , f u r n i t u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o l i s h i n g m e t a l f i x t u r e s o r
t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v i d i n g s u p p l i e s and m i n o r m a i n t e n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; and c l e a n i n g
l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s w h o s p e c i a l i z e in w i n d o w
w ashin g are e x c lu d e d .

Service Contract
Act Surveys
The follow ing a re a s are s u r ­
v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f o r u s e in a d m i n ­
i s t e r i n g th e S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t
o f 1965.
Survey results are pu b ­
l i s h e d in r e l e a s e s w h i c h a r e a v a i l a ­
b l e , at n o c o s t , w h i l e s u p p l i e s la s t
f r o m any o f the B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s
s h o w n on th e b a c k c o v e r .
A la s k a (statew id e)
A l b a n y , Ga.
A l e x a n d r i a —L e e s v i l l e , L a .
A l p e n a — t a n d i s h —T a w a s C i t y , M i c h .
S
Ann A r b o r , M ich .
A t l a n t i c C i t y , N .J .
A u g u sta, G a .— .C .
S
A u stin , T e x .
B a k e r s f ie ld , C alif.
B aton R ou ge, La.
B a t t le C r e e k , M i c h .
B e a u m o n t —P o r t A rthu i^ -O r a n g e , T e x .
B e a u m o n t —P o r t A r t h u r — r a n g e
O
and L a k e C h a r l e s , T e x . —L a .
B i l o x i —G u l f p o r t and P a s c a g o u l a —
M o ss P oin t, M is s .
B in g h a m to n , N .Y .
B ir m in g h a m , A la.
B l o o m i n g t o n —V i n c e n n e s , Ind.
B r e m e r to n — helton, W ash.
S
B r u n s w i c k , G a.
C e d a r R a p id s, Iowa
C h a m p a i g n —U r b a n a —R a n t o u l , 111.
C h a r l e s t o n —N o r t h C h a r l e s t o n —
W a lt e r b o r o , S.C .
C h a r l o t t e —G a s t o n i a , N . C .
Cheyenne, W yo.
C l a r k s v i l l e —H o p k i n s v i l l e , T e n n . - K y .
C o lo ra d o S p r in g s , C olo.
C o lu m b ia — u m te r, S.C .
S
C o l u m b u s , G a .—A la .
C olu m bu s, M iss.
D e c a t u r , 111.
Des M o in e s , Iow a
Duluth— u p e r i o r , M i n n . —W i s .
S
E l P a s o — l a m o g o r d o —L a s C r u c e s ,
A
T e x . —N. M e x .
E u g e n e — p r i n g f i e l d —M e d f o r d , O r e g .
S
F a y e t t e v i l l e , N .C .




F o r t L a u d e r d a l e —H o l l y w o o d
and W e s t P a l m B e a c h —
B o c a R a to n , F la .
F o r t S m it h , A r k . — k la .
O
F r e d e r i c k —H a g e rs to w n —
C ham bersburg, M d .-P a .
G o l d s b o r o , N.C.
G r a n d I s la n d —H a s t i n g s , N e b r .
Guam, T e r r ito r y of
H a r r i s b u r g —L e b a n o n , P a .
K n o x v i l l e , Ten n.
Laredo, Tex.
L as V e g a s — onopah, Nev.
T
L i m a , O h io
L it tl e R o c k —N o rt h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k .
L o g a n s p o r t — e r u , Ind.
P
L o r a i n —E l y r i a , O h i o
L o w e r E a s t e r n S h o r e , M d . — a . —D e l.
V
M a c o n , Ga.
M a d ison , W is.
M a in e ( s t a t e w id e )
M a n s f i e l d , Ohio
M c A l l e n —P h a r i —E d i n b u r g
and B r o w n s v i l l e —H a r l i n g e n —
San B e n i t o , T e x .
M erid ia n , M iss.
M i d d l e s e x , M o n m o u t h , and
O c e a n C o s . , N .J .
M o b i l e —P e n s a c o l a —P a n a m a C it y ,
A l a . —F l a .
M o n ta n a ( s t a t e w id e )
N a s h v i l l e —D a v i d s o n , T e n n .
N e w B e r n —J a c k s o n v i l l e , N .C .
New H am p sh ire (sta tew id e)
N ew L o n d o n —N o r w i c h , C o n n .—R .I .
N o r t h D a kota ( s t a t e w i d e )
N o r t h e r n New Y o r k
N orthwest Texas
O r l a n d o , F la .
O x n a r d — i m i V a l l e y —V e n t u r a , C a l i f .
S
P e o r i a , 111.
Phoenix, A riz.
P in e B lu ff, A rk.
P u e b lo , C olo.
P u erto R ico
R a le ig h —D u r h a m , N . C .
R e n o , N e v.
S a lin a , K a n s .

S a lin a s — e a s i d e —M o n t e r e y , C a l i f .
S
S a n d u s k y , O h io
Santa B a r b a r a — a n ta M a r i a —
S
L o m p o c , C a lif .
S a va n n a h , G a.
S e l m a , A la .
S h r e v e p o r t , La.
South D a k o ta ( s t a t e w i d e )
S o u t h e r n Idaho
Southw est V ir g in ia
Spokane, Wash.
S p r i n g f i e l d , 111.
S t o c k t o n , C a lif .
T a c o m a , Wash.
Tampa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a .
T op eka, Kans.
T u c s o n —D o u g l a s , A r i z .
T u l s a , O k la .
U pper P en in su la, M ich.
V e r m o n t (statew id e)
V i r g i n I s la n d s o f the U .S .
W a c o and K i l l e e n —T e m p l e , T e x .
W a t e r l o o —C e d a r F a l l s , Io w a
W est V ir g in ia (statew id e)
W i c h i t a F a l l s —L a w to n —A l t u s ,
T e x . —O k la .
W i l m i n g t o n , D e l . —N.J .—M d.
Y a k im a —R ic h la n d —K e n n e w i c k —
P e n d l e t o n , W a s h . —O r e g .

ALSO A V A IL A B L E —
An annual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r
accountants, a uditors, ch ief accou nt­
ants, a tt o r n e y s, jo b a na ly sts, d i r e c ­
to r s of perso n n e l, b u y e rs , ch em ists,
e n g in e e r s , e n g in eerin g technicians,
d ra fte r s, a n d c le r ic a l em ployees
is a v a i l a b l e .
O r d e r as B L S B u l l e ­
ti n 1980, N a tio n a l S u r v e y o f P r o ­
fe s s io n a l, A d m in istra tiv e , T echn ical
and C l e r i c a l P a y , M a r c h 19 7 7 , $ 2.40
a c o p y , f r o m any o f the B L S r e ­
g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s s ho w n on the
b a c k c o v e r , o r f r o m the S u p e r i n ­
te n de n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n ­
m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n ,
D . C . 2 0 402.




Area W age
Surveys
A l i s t o f th e l a t e s t b u l l e t i n s a v a i l a b l e is p r e s e n t e d b e l o w .
Bulletins
m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m a n y o f t h e B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s s h o w n on th e b a c k
c o v e r , o r f r o m th e S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g
O ffic e , W ash ington, D .C . 20402.
M a k e c h e c k s p a y a b l e to S u p e r in t e n d e n t o f
D ocu m en ts.
A d i r e c t o r y o f o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s , c o v e r i n g th e y e a r s
1970 t h r o u g h 1 9 7 6 , is a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t .

A rea
A k ro n , O h io , D e c . 1 9 7 7 __________________________________________
Albany—Schenectady—T r o y , N . Y . , Sept. 1978 1 _______________
Anaheinv-Santa Ana—Garden G ro v e ,
C a l i f., O c t . 1 9 7 7 ......................................................................................... _
Atlanta, G a . , M a y 19 78 1_________________________________________
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , Aug. 1978 1____________________________________
B i lli n g s , M o n t., July 1978_______________________________________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 19 78__________________________________
Boston, M a s s . , Aug. 19 78 1 _____________________________________
Buffalo, N . Y . , O ct. 1977 ...........................................................................
Canton, Ohio, May 1 9 78__________________________________________
Chattanooga, Tenn.—G a . , Sept. 1978 1 -------------------------------------C h icago, 111., M a y 1 9 78................ ..............................................................
Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky.—In d., July 1978__________________________
Cle veland, Ohio, Sept. 1978_____________________________________
C olu m b u s, Ohio, O ct. 1 9 7 8 1____________________________________
Corpus C h ris ti, T e x . , July 1978________________________________
D a l l a s - F o r t W o r th , T e x . , O ct. 1978
......................................... ...
Davenport—Rock I s la n d - M o li n e , Iowa—111., Feb. 1 9 7 8 ---------Dayton, Ohio, D e c . 1977 1________________________________________
Daytona B ea ch, F l a . , Aug. 19 78________________________________
Denver—B o u ld e r , C o l o . , D ec. 1977 1___________________________
D etro it, M i c h . , M a r . 1978_______________________________________
F r e s n o , C a l i f., June 19 78 1 _____________________________________
G a i n e s v i lle , F l a . , Sept. 1978____________________________________
G re en B ay , W i s . , July 1 9 7 8 1___________________________________
G re e n s b o r o — i n s t o n - S a le m —
W
High Point,
N . C . , Aug. 1978....................... ........ ....................................................... —
G re en v ille—Spartanburg, S . C . , June 1978_____________________
H artfo rd , Conn., M a r . 1978 1 ___________________________________
Houston, T e x . , A p r. 1978________________________________________
H u n ts ville, A l a . , F eb . 1 9 7 8 --------------------------------------------------------Indianapolis, Ind., O ct. 1978 1----------------------------------------------------Jackson , M i s s . , Jan. 1 9 7 8 _______________________________________
J ac kso n ville, F l a . , D e c . 1 9 7 7 __________________________________
Kansa s City , M o .—K a n s ., Sept. 19 78----------------------------------------Los A n g e le s —Long B ea ch , C a l i f., Oct. 1 9 7 7 --------------------------L o u is v i lle , Ky.—Ind., Nov. 1977 1_______________________________
M e m p h i s , Tenn.—A r k . —M i s s ., Nov. 1 9 7 7 ---------------------------------




B u lletin n u m ber
and p r i c e *
1 9 5 0 - 7 0 , 80 cents
2 0 2 5 -5 8 , $ 1 . 2 0
1950-60,
20 25 -2 8,
20 2 5 -5 0 ,
20 2 5 -3 8 ,
2025-15,
2 0 25 -4 3,
1950 -5 8,
20 25 -2 2,
20 25 -5 1,
2025-32,
20 25 -3 9,
2025 -4 9,
2 0 2 5 -5 9 ,
20 25 -2 9,
20 25 -5 2,
2025-6,
19 5 0 -7 1 ,
2025-48,
1950-74,
20 25 -1 1,
2 0 25 -3 1,
20 25 -4 5,
20 25 -4 1,

$1 .00
$ 1 .40
$1 .50
$1 .00
80 cents
$ 1 .50
$1.00
70 cents
$ 1 .20
$1 .30
$1.10
$1 .3 0
$1 .50
$1 .0 0
$1 .5 0
70 cents
$ 1 .10
$1 .00
$1 .40
$ 1 .20
$ 1 .20
$1 .0 0
$1 .20

20 25 -4 6,
20 25 -3 0,
202'5-14 ,
2 0 25 -2 3,
2025-4,
2025 -5 7,
20 2 5 -1 ,
1950-67,
2025 -5 3,
19 5 0 -6 1 ,
1950-66,
1950-63,

$1 .00
$ 1 .00
$ 1 .20
$ 1 .20
70 cents
$1 .50
70 cents
70 cents
$1 .30
$1 .2 0
$1 .2 0
70 cents

A rea
M i a m i , F l a . , O c t . 1 9 7 7 _______________ __________ _______________
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1978 1 .............................................................
M i n n e a p o l i s —St. P a u l , M in n .— i s . , Jan. 1978 1_____________
W
N a s s a u — u ff o lk , N . Y . , June 1978 1___________ _________________
S
N e w a r k , N . J . , Jan. 1978 1 ________________ ______ _______________
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , Jan. 19 7 8________ ____ ____ _________________
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . —N . J . , M a y 1978 1_____________________________
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B e a c h —P o r t s m o u t h , V a . —
N . C . , M a y 1978---------------------------------------------------------------------------N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B e a c h —P o r t s m o u t h and
N e w p o r t N e w s — a m p t o n , V a . — . C . , M a y 1978______________
H
N
N o r t h e a s t P e n n s y l v a n i a , A u g . 1978____________________________
O k l a h o m a C it y , O k l a . , A u g . 1978______________________________
O m a h a , N e b r . - I o w a , O c t . 1978________________________________
P a t e r s o n —C lif t o n —P a s s a i c , N . J . , June 1978
_____ _________
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a —N . J . , N o v . 1978____________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1 9 7 8 .............. ....................................................
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , D e c . 1 9 7 7 ___ _______________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h . , M a y 1978____________________________
P o u g h k e e p s i e , N . Y . , June 1978 1 ______________________________
P o u g h k e e p s i e —K in g s t o n —N e w b u r g h , N . Y . , June 1978 1 _____
P r o v i d e n c e - W a r w i c k —P a w t u c k e t , R . I . —
M a s s . , June 1978.............. .................................. ....................................
R i c h m o n d , V a . , June 19 7 8........................................................ ............
St. L o u i s , M o . —111., M a r . 1978_________________________________
S a c r a m e n t o , C a l i f . , D e c . 1977 1_____________ _______ ___________
S a g in a w , M i c h . , N o v . 1 9 7 7 ...................................................................
Salt L a k e Cit y—O g d e n , U tah, N o v . 1 9 7 7 ______________________
San A n t o n i o , T e x . , M a y 1978__________________________ ________
San D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1 977 1_________________________________
San F r a n c i s c o —O a k l a n d , C a l i f . , M a r . 1978 1__________________
San J o s e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1 9 7 8 1__________________________________
S e a t tle —E v e r e t t , W a s h . , D e c . 1977____________________________
South B e n d , I n d ., A u g . 19 7 8 ____________________________________
T o l e d o , O h i o — i c h . , M a y 1978 1 ______________________________
M
T r e n t o n , N . J . , Sept. 1978 1_____________________________________
U t i c a ^ R o m e , N . Y . , J uly 1978__________________________________
W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . —M d .—V a . , M a r . 1978 1 ____________________
W i c h i t a , K a n s . , A p r . 1978____________ _________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , A p r . 1978 1 „ _ ........... ................... ...... .............
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1978 1__________________________________________

B u lle t in n u m b e r
and p r i c e *
1950-57,
2025-18,
2025-2,
2025-33,
2 025-7,
2 025-5,
2025-35,

$ 1 .00
$ 1 .40
$1.40
$ 1.30
$1.40
$1.00
$1.50

2025-20,

70 c e n ts

2025-21,
2025-47,
2025-40,
2025-56,
2025-36,
2025-54,
2025-3,
1950-69,
2025-25,
2025-37,
2025-42,

80 c e n t s
$ 1.00
$ 1.00
$ 1 .00
$ 1 .20
$1.30
$1. 10
70 ce n ts
$ 1 ,00
$ 1 .10
$ 1.20

2025-27,
2025-26,
2025-13,
1950-72,
19 j G - 59,
1950-68,
2025-17,
1950-73,
2025-10,
2025-9,
1950-75,
2025-44,
2025-24,
2025-55,
2025-34,
2025-12,
2025-16,
2025-19,
2025-8,

$ 1.40
80 c e n t s
$ 1.20
$1.00
70 c e n ts
80 ce n ts
70 c e n t s
$1. 10
$1.40
$1. 20
80 c e n ts
$ 1.00
$ 1 .20
$1.20
$1.00
$1.40
80 c e n t s
$1.10
$1.10

* Prices are determined by the Government Printing Office and are subject to change.
1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region I

Region li

Region 11
1

Region IV

1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area C ode617)

Suite 3400
1515 Broadway
New York, N Y. 1 0 0 *
Phone: 399-5406 (A reaC o de212)

3535 Market Street,
P O Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 596-1154 (A reaC o de215)

Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St., N E.
Atlanta, Ga 30309
Phone:881-4418 (Area Code 404)

Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Delaware
D istrict of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
M ississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Region V

Region VI

Regions VII and VIII

Regions IX and X

9th Floor, 230 S Dearborn St.
Chicago, III 60604
Phone:353-1880 (Area Code 312)

Second Floor
555 G riffin Square Building
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 767-6971 (Area Code 214)

Federal O ffice Building
911 W alnut St., 15th Flooi
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone:556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Texas

VII
Iowa
Kansas
M issouri
Nebraska

IX
Arizona
California
Hawaii
Nevada

Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
W isconsin




VIII
Colorado
Montana
North Dakota
South Dakota
Utah
W yom ing

X
Alaska
Idaho
Oregon
W ashington


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102