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'J a jS '-S S ’

Area
Wage
Survey
Bulletin 2025-55




Trenton, New Jersey,
Metropolitan Area
September 1978

Preface
T h is bull etin p r o v i d e s r es u lts of a S e p t e m b e r 1978 s u r v e y of o c c u p a ­
tional e a r n in g s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e benefits in the T r e n t o n , N e w J e r s e y ,
Standard M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a .
T h e s u r v e y was m ad e as p a r t of
the B ureau of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s ’ annual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m .
It was
conducted by the B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , under the
g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f An th ony J. F e r r a r a , A s s i s t a n t R e g i o n a l C o m m i s s i o n e r
f o r O p e ra tion s .
T h e s u r v e y could not have been a c c o m p l i s h e d without the
c o o p e r a ti o n of the m any f i r m s w h ose w a g e and s a l a r y data p r o v i d e d the
basis f o r the s t a t i s t i c a l i n f o r m a t i o n in this bulletin.
T h e B u re au w is h e s to
e x p r e s s s i n c e r e a p p r e c i a ti o n f o r the c o o p e r a t i o n r e c e i v e d .




M a t e r i a l in this p ub lication is in the pub lic d o m a in and m a y be
r e p r o d u c e d without p e r m i s s i o n o f the F e d e r a l G o v e r n m e n t .
P le a s e credit
the B ure au of L a b o r S ta tis tic s and c i t e the nam e and nu m b e r of this
publication.

Note:
A l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r the T r e n t o n a r e a a r e l i s t i n g s of union w a g e ra te s
f o r s e v e n s e l e c t e d building tr a d e s .
F r e e c o p i e s o f th e s e a r e a v a i l a b l e f r o m
the B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s .
(S e e b ack c o v e r f o r a d d r e s s e s . )

Area
Wage
Survey

Trenton, New Jersey,
Metropolitan Area
September 1978

U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary

Contents

Bureau of Labor Statisties
Janet L. Norwood
Acting Commissioner

In tr oduction__________________________________________

2

Bulletin 2025-55

For sale by the Superintendent of Docu­
ments. U S. Government Printing Office.
Washington, D C. 20402. GPO Bookstores, or
BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover
Price $1 20 Make checks payable to Super­
intendent of Documents




T ables— Continued
B.

T ables;

January 1979

Page

Page

A.

Earnings, all establishments:
A - l . W eek ly earnings of offic e w o r k e r s . . . 3
A-2 . W eek ly earnings of p rofessio n al
5
and technical w o r k e r s ______________
A - 3 . A v e r a g e w eek ly earnings of
office, pro fessio nal, and
technical w o rk e rs , by s e x _________ 6
A - 4 . Hourly earnings of maintenance,
to olroom , and powerplant
w o rk e rs _________________________
A - 5, Hourly earnings of m a te ria l
m ovem ent and custodial w o r k e r s . . . 8
A - 6. A v e r a g e hourly earnings of
maintenance, toolr oom , powerplant, m a te r i a l m ovement, and
custodial w o rk e rs , by s e x _________ 9
A - 7 . P e r c e n t increases in avera ge
hourly earnings, adjusted for
employm ent shifts, fo r selecte d
occupational g ro u p s _________________ 10

Establishment practices and
supplementary wage provisions;
B - l . Minimum entrance salarie s for
inexperienced typists and clerks
B -2. L a te - s h ift pay p ro visions for
f u ll- tim e manufacturing
production and related w o r k e r s ____
B -3. Scheduled weekly hours and days of
fu ll- tim e f i r s t - s h i ft w o r k e r s _______
B -4. Annual paid holidays fo r fu ll- tim e
w o r k e r s _______________________________
B -5. Paid vacation pro visions fo r
f u ll- tim e w o r k e r s ____________________
B - 6. Health, insurance, and pension
plans fo r fu ll- tim e w o r k e r s _________
B -7. L i f e insurance plans fo r
f u ll- tim e w o r k e r s ____________________

Appendix A.
Appendix B.

11

12
13
14
15
18
19

Scope and method o f s u r v e y ________ 23
Occupational d e s c r ip tio n s ___________ 28

Introduction
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 75 in wh ic h the U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s B u ­
rea u of L a b o r S t a tis tic s conducts s u r v e y s o f oc c u p atio n al e a r n in g s and r e ­
la te d b e n e fits .
(S e e l i s t o f a r e a s on i n s id e bac k c o v e r . )
In eac h a r e a ,
occup ational e a r n in g s data ( A - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e c o l l e c t e d annually.
In for­
m ation on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n ta r y w a g e b e n e fits ( B s e r i e s t a b l e s ) is obta ined e v e r y t h i r d y e a r .
E a c h y e a r a f t e r a l l in d iv id u al a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s have b e en c o m ­
plete d, tw o s u m m a r y b u ll e tin s a r e issued.
T h e f i r s t b r i n g s to g e t h e r data
f o r each m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; the s eco nd p r e s e n t s national and r e ­
giona l e s t i m a t e s , p r o j e c t e d f r o m ind iv id u al m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a data, f o r a l l
Standard M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s in the Unite d State s , e xc lu d in g A l a s k a
and H aw a ii.

T a b l e A - 7 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t c han ges in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s of
o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s , e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g w o r k e r s , in d u s tr i a l
n u r s e s , s k ille d m ainte n ance tr a d e s w o r k e r s , and u n sk ille d plant w o r k e r s .
W h e r e p o s s i b l e , data a r e p re s e n te d f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s and f o r m a n u fa c tu rin g
and nonm anufacturing s e p a r a t e ly .
Data a r e not p r e s e n t e d f o r s k i l l e d m a i n ­
te na nce w o r k e r s in nonmanufacturing b e c a u s e the n u m b er of w o r k e r s e m ­
p lo y e d in this occupational gro up in no nm anu fa ctu rin g is to o s m a l l to w a r r a n t
s e p a ra t e p resenta tion .
T h is table p r o v i d e s a m e a s u r e of w a g e tr e n d s a f t e r
e l i m i n a t i o n of changes in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s caus e d b y e m p l o y m e n t shifts
am ong e s ta b lis h m en ts as w e l l as t u r n o v e r of e s ta b l i s h m e n ts in clu d ed in
s u r v e y s a m p le s .
F o r f u r th e r d e t a i l s , s e e a p p e nd ix A.
B -series

tables

A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is the need
to d e s c r i b e the l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s ,
through the a n a l y s i s of ( 1) the l e v e l and d i s t r i b u t i o n of w a g e s by occupation,
and ( 2 ) the m o v e m e n t of w a g e s b y oc c u p atio n al c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l .
T h e p r o g r a m d e v e l o p s i n f o r m a t i o n that m a y be used f o r m any p u r p o s e s ,
including w a g e and s a l a r y a d m i n i s t r a t i o n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g , and a s ­
s is tan c e in d e t e r m i n i n g plant loc a tion .
S u r v e y r e s u l t s a l s o a r e used by the
U.S. D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r to m ak e w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n s un der the S e r v i c e
C o n t ra c t A c t o f 1965.

T h e B - s e r i e s ta bles p r e s e n t i n f o r m a t i o n on m in i m u m e n tr a n c e
s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r ie n c e d typists and c l e r k s ; l a t e - s h i f t pay p r o v i s i o n s and
p r a c t i c e s f o r p ro d uction and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s in m an u fac tu rin g; and data
s e p a r a t e l y f o r p ro d uction and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s and o f f i c e w o r k e r s on s c h e d ­
uled w e e k l y hours and days of f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s ; paid h o lid a y s ; paid v a c a ­
tions; health, insurance, and pension plans; and m o r e d e t a i l e d i n f o r m a t i o n
on l i f e insurance plans.

A -s e rie s

A p p e n d ix A d e s c r i b e s the m e t h o d s and c on c e p ts used in the a r e a
wage survey p rogram .
It p r o v i d e s i n f o r m a ti o n on the s c o p e o f the a r e a
s u r v e y , the a r e a ' s in d u s tr ia l c o m p o s i t i o n in m a n u f a c tu r in g , and l a b o r management agreem en t covera ge.

ta b le s

T a b l e s A - 1 thro ugh A - 6 p r o v i d e e s t i m a t e s of s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y
o r ho u r ly e a r n in g s f o r w o r k e r s in occup ations c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y of
m an u fac tu rin g and no nm anufa cturing i n d u s tr ie s .
F o r the 31 l a r g e s t s u r v e y
a r e a s , ta b le s A -8 th ro ugh A - 1 3 p r o v i d e s i m i l a r data f o r e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e .




Ap p e n d ix e s

Appendix B p ro v i d e s job d e s c r i p t i o n s used by B u re au
o m is ts to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s by occupation.

field e co n ­

A. Earnings
Tab le A-1. W e e k ly earnings of office w orkers in Trenton, N .J ., Septem ber 1978
Weekly earnings
(standard)
N
O c c u p a ti o n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

W.
of
workers

(standard)

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g str a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly earnings of—
s

Average
weekly

4
100

Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

4
1 10

4
120

4
1 30

4
140

4
150

4
160

4

4
170

1 80

4

4
190

200

4
220

4
240

4
260

4

4
280

300

4
320

4

4
340

360

4
3 89

and
und er

430
and

no

ALL

120

130

1 40

150

16 0

170

180

190

209

220

240

260

280

300

320

300

360

-

-

9
9

20
20

40
12
28

32
9
23

64
35
29

70
34
36

76
45
31

121
76
45

213
133
80

158
119
4«

112
87
25

62
45
17

56
55
1

31
29
2

9
6
3

5
2
3

-

5
5
-

1
1
-

5

-

-

-

_

18
13
5

29
13
7

28
29
8

28
20
8

30
30

13
12
1

3
1
2

-

-

-

1
1

13
13
-

4
4
"

3
3

~

5
5
“

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

“

380

000 o v e r

WORKERS

------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------

1.084
684
400

$
3B. 5 2 1 5 . 5 0
39 . 3 2 2 6 . 5 0
3 8 . 0 1 9 6 .5 0

$
2 9 9 .5 0
2 1 9 .5 0
19 8 .0 0

$
$
1 84.50-241.50
1 9 5 .3 0-255.09
1 6 7.90-219.09

S E CR ET AR IES . CLASS b ---------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

157
112
45

39.0 253.00
39.5 265.03
37. 5 2 2 4 . 0 0

2 5 6 .5 0
2 6 8 .5 0
2 2 7 .5 0

2 27.50-288.09
2 39.00-288.03
1 98.30-259.03

■

S F C R E T A R IF S . CLASS c ---------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

325
214
111

3 8.5 224.50
3 fl • 5 2 3 1 . 5 0
3B. 5 2 1 3 . 5 0

214.00
2 2 3 .0 3
2 0 9 .5 0

1 96.90-248.00
197.50-259.09
196.00-233.50

"

-

-

-

5
5

S E C RE T AR IF S. CLASS d ---------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

346
249
97

39. 0 2 1 3 . 0 0
39. 5 2 2 0 . 5 0
38. 0 1 9 3 .5 0

21 1 . 0 0
2 1 5 .5 0
1 8 0 .5 0

1 9 2.00-236.93
1 98.50-240.00
167.30-212.50

■

“

-

4
4

S E CR ET AR IES . CLASS e ---------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

242
103

3 8 . 5 1 7 8 .0 3
39. 5 1 8 3 . 5 3

18 1 .0 3
1 81 .5 0

1 58.50-200.00
163.90-197.50

-

-

4

16

STENOGRAPHERS --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

1 36
71
65

37. 5 1 8 8 .5 0
38. 5 1 9 3 . 5 0
36. 5 1 8 2 . 5 3

18 8 . 0 0
19 3 . 5 9
1 7 2 .5 3

1 63.00-211.00
1 7 9 .5 0-215.59
157.90-210.00

-

-

■

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL -----------------MANUF a c t u r i n g --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

103
61
39

3 7 . 5 1 9 0 .5 3
3 8 . 0 1 9 1 .5 9
37 . 0 1 8 8 .5 3

1 8 9 .0 0
1 93 .0 0
1 63 .0 9

1 63.00-212.00
178.50-210.50
15 3 . 5 0 - 2 2 0 . 0 J

36

37 . 0 1 8 2 .5 0

1 7 8 .0 0

---------

43

37. 0 1 5 8 . 0 0

T Y P I S T S -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

229
93

37. 0
38.5

T Y P I S T S . CLASS B ----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUEACTUPING ---------------------------

sec re taries

“
-

-

-

4

1

4

1

-

6
2
4

10
13

10
7
3

18
14
4

23
20
3

36
21
15

67
38
29

62
41
21

4?
27
16

8
6
2

18
18

5
5

10
2
8

21
11
10

25
9
16

17
7
10

53
42
8

76
64
12

67
51
16

38
38

24
17
7

5
4
1

-

-

-

30
12

12
7

29
17

26
11

36
18

29
11

50
18

8
5

2
1

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_
-

-

_

5

-

-

“

-

2
1
1

10
1
9

12
3
9

19
7
12

12
6
6

17
15
2

19
14
5

28
18
10

6
4
2

19
2
8

_

_

-

-

-

-

_
-

“

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

”

-

-

2
1
1

6
1
5

ii
3
8

12
5
7

7
6
1

13
13

14
14

23
16
7

3
1
2

o
1
8

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

~

-

161.50-199.50

-

-

1

-

4

1

7

5

4

5

5

3

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 7 1 .0 0

1 38.50-171.00

-

-

6

5

4

1

2

18

-

4

1 4 9 .5 3
1 5 5 .5 0

1 4 5 .0 0
1 54 .5 0

130.0 0 -1 6 5 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0-171.00

“

13
“

41
7

45
19

35
18

22
13

19
7

18
13

22
11

9
1

5
4

1 39
83
56

37. 5 1 5 0 . 0 0
3 8 .0 153.03
36. 5 1 4 5 .0 3

1 4 6 .0 9
1 48 .5 0
13 1 .5 3

1 30.50-167.50
134.50-170.50
126.50-154.09

-

17
7
10

39
19
11

23
16
7

16
12
4

7
7

12
12

■

11
11

-

15
8
7

5
5

3
2
1

MESSENGERS -------------------------------------------NONMANUEACTURING ---------------------------

7J
41

3 7 . 5 1 4 0 .0 0
37. 0 1 4 1 .0 3

1 33 .5 3
12 9 .5 3

1 26.00-143.53
121.00-144.03

3
3

6
6

18
12

21
7

9
3

2
1

6
5

1
1

1

-

.

-

-

-

SWITCHBOARD

46

38.0

1 61 .5 3

149.90-194.50

2

-

3

2

5

8

6

3

4

7

4

-

-

3
3

STENOGRAPHERS,

sen io r

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINF

OPERATORS

--------------------

TYPISTS

-----------------------

1 6 7 .0 3

-

SWITCHBOARD OPt R A TOR-RECEPTION I STS
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

50
26

39 . 0
38.5

1 7 3 .0 0
133.50

16 2 .5 0
1 65 .0 9

1 5 0.00-175.00
1 54.90-213.99

-

ORDER CLERKS ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

93
65

39. 3 2 3 3 . 5 9
39. 9 2 0 7 . 0 0

2 9 3 .5 3
2 0 6 .0 0

183.30-215.00
1 8 4.30-220.09

-

OROEP CLERKS. CLASS B ------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

BO
52

39. 0 2 9 1 . 5 3
38.5 205.50

1 95 .9 0
2 0 2 .5 0

l 80.90-215.09
180.90-216.50

-

-

“

-

-

Se c fo o tn ot e s at end o f t a b l e s .




3

-

_

-

3
3

-

1

1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

5
4

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

4
4

7
2

9
4

15
4

3
1

3
3

-

1
1

2
2

3
3

1
1

11
3

24
16

2
2

28
20

3
3

13
9

1
1

4
4

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

2
2

3
3

1
1

11
3

20
12

2
2

23
15

1
1

11
7

1
1

4
4

_

_

_

_

-

_

"

Table A-1. W e e kly earnings of office w orkers in Trenton, N .J ., S eptem ber 1978— Continued
^ ^ ^ ^ e e k l^ T a r n in g ^ ^ ™
(standard)

O cc u p a ti o n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

of
>rkers

(standard

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g stra ig h t-tim e w eek ly earnings of—
%

A v e rage
w eekly

%
100

M ean 2

M edian 2

M iddle range 2

$
110

S

120

130

%
1 80

s

*

s

150

160

S

170

*

S

S

180

190

200

S

S

220

240

S

S

260

280

S

S

300

320

*

S

340

360

*
380

and
unde r

800
and

110

120

1
1

10
3
7

180

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

21
8
13

28
9
19

28
12
16

48
35
13

51
39
12

55
38
17

28
21
7

41
38
7

52
52

31
20
11

28
28

5
4
1

2

24
19
5

36
31
5

21
15
6

25
20
5

42
82

23
23

130

320

340

1
1
~

6
6
~

-

12
3
9

2
2
“

5
4
i

1
1
"

2
2

-

12
3
9

2
2
-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

300

360

380

400

ove r

-

“

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
$
$
1 5 3 .0 0-210.00
161.30-218.50

ACCOUNTING CLERKS -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

44 a
315
1 33

$
3 8.5 186.00
39 . 0 1 9 ? . 0 0
37 . 5 1 7 1 . 5 0

$
176.03
186.03
159.00

135.00-182.00

ACCOUNTING CLERKS* CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

234
1 84
50

38.5 209.50
39. 0 20 R•00
37. 5 216 .5 0

1 9 9 .5 0
2 0 1 .5 0
19 0 . 5 0

178.5 0 -2 2 6 .0 0
1 78.00-224.50
1 68.50-235.00

-

_

_

_

-

”

-

-

2

9
3
6

-

30
19
11

ACCOUNTING CLERKS* CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NO N * A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------

218
131
83

38. 5 160.03
39. 0 170.00
37. 5 144.00

158.00
1 6 0 .5 0
180.00

135.00 -1 7 3 .0 0
150.0 0 -1 9 0 .5 0
1 3 0 .0 0-162.00

1

21
8
13

28
9
19

26
12
14

39
32
7

27
20
7

19
7
12

7
6
1

16
14
2

10
10

1
1

5
5

_

_

-

-

4
4

1

10
3
7

PAYROLL CLERKS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

78
59

38 . 0 2 0 2 . 0 0
38.5 211.00

184.50
211.03

1 6 5 .0 0-223.00
1 6 5 .0 0-230.03

-

-

4
2

2
2

3
2

4
3

11
10

3

17
10

3

-

-

8
8

13
12

2
2

-

-

-

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

218
85
1 33

38. 5 171.50
3 9 .0 185.50
37. 5 16 2 .5 0

1 6 7 .5 0
170.00
16 5 .5 0

1 4 2 .5 0-184.00
1 5 2 .50-189.50
1 3 8 .0 0-179.50

10
1
9

24
8
16

22
8
14

28
9
15

29
12
17

35
15
20

19
13
6

15
3
12

12
1
11

7
5
2

2
2
-

2

2
2
-

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS* CLASS A ------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

80
43
37

38. 0 190.50
39. 5 193.00
36 . 5 1 8 7 . 5 3

1 8 0 .5 0
180.00
197.53

167.50 -2 0 5 .5 0
1 6 9 .00-189.50
165.50 -2 0 5 .5 0

2

3
3

15
10
5

12
8
4

12
12
-

7
1
6

11
11

7
5
2

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS* CLASS B ------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

1 38
42
96

3 8.5 160.00
39. 0 177.50
38 .0 152.50

1 5 3 .5 0
1 5 3 .5 3
1 5 3 .5 0

l 3 7 .00-170.50
180.50 -1 7 2 .5 0
1 3 8 .00-170.00

14
2
12

23
7
16

7
1
6

8
2
6

1

-

i

-

■

-

*

-

-

9
9

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

3
3

-

9

-

-

8
1
7

21
8
13

9

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b l e s .




4

-

-

2
20
8
12

-

21
6
15

-

“

-

-

-

"
-

-

-

-

-

_

2

4
4

_
-

4
4

-

-

6
6
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

_

_

-

-

2
2

_

2

-

-

2
2

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

-

-

-

Table A -2 .

W e e k ly earnings of professional and technical w orkers in Trenton, N .J ., S eptem ber 1978
Weekly earnings
(standard)

O c c u p a t io n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e w e ek ly earnings o f—
4

Average
weekly
hours *
(standard)

4

Mean 2

Middle range 2

Median 2

4

4

4

$

*

4

$

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

1 60

170

1 80

190

200

210

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

3 R0

400

440

480

160

1 70

1 80

190

200

210

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

36 0

3 80

400

440

4 80

520

11
1

3

13
4

23
7

19
12

27
15

15
8

22
14

16
6

8
6

1
1

140

1

3
2

9
3

7
3

20
12

15
6

8
6

and
und er
150

»L L

4

4

5
150

14
2

1 40
Under

UORKFRS

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S IN E S S ! -------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------

s
171
75

$

s

37. 5 3 6 2 .5 0
38.0 384.00

$
3 65 .0 0
3 79 .0 0

3 2 2 •00-403.30
346.50 -4 2 5 .0 0

COMPUTER SYSTFMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING --------------------

64
33

38.0
38.5

421.03
424.00

4 2 2 .5 0
4 27 .0 0

395.00-449.50
395.50-447.50

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS B --------

73

37. 5 3 5 2 .0 0

34 6 .0 0

3 2 8 .50-379.00

103
48
55

38. 0 2 8 8 . 0 0
38 . 5 3 1 6 . 0 0
37.5 263.00

28 8 .0 0
30 7 . 0 0
25 0 . 0 0

2 3 7 .00-343.50
2 8 3 .5 0 -3 5 5 .5 0
2 1 6.50-300.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS A --------------------------------------------

33

38 . 5 3 4 3 . 5 0

3 4 7 .0 0

3 0 7 .30-363.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS R -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

57
34

37.5 270.50
37. 5 253.50

2 7 1 .0 0
263.50

2 2 6.00-298.00
2 0 9.00-296.00

_

236
83
123

37. 5 2 3 5 . 0 0
38. n 2 8 0 . 0 0
37. 5 2 0 4 . 5 0

2 2 7 .5 0
2 7 6 .5 0
20 0 . 5 0

184.00 -2 7 1 .5 0
2 2 0 .50-351.00
165.5 0 -2 6 3 .0 0

17
*1 7

38.5
38.5

262.00
236.50

2 6 5 .0 0
2 4 1 .0 0

2 3 7 .00-282.50
2 1 1 .50-265.00

-

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S I N E S S )
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

COMPUTER OPERATORS MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUFACTURING

1
-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

“

4
4

3
3

10
10

-

-

-

“

10

1

_

1

10

5
1
4

11
1
10

6
3
3

1

6

22

14

18

8

2

1

-

13
5
«

16
11
5

9
4
5

5
3
2

13
10
3

11
9
2

2

_
-

-

2

1
1
“

“

“

6

-

3

2

12

7

2

1

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

1
1

8
8

2
1

6
5

4
1

13
8

9
5

6
4

3
1

1

4
-

14
2
12

13
7
6

13
4
9

12
5
7

8
2
6

21
10
11

14
8
6

30
9
30

11
9
2

3
3

3
3

-

8
8

12
12

-

1
1

-

1
1

1
1

-

1
1

4
4

2
2

5
5

7
5

16
7

9
2

2

2

-

-

-

-

1

-

9
9

10
1
9

11
6
5

7
3
4

6
4
2

6
2
4

16
10
6

7
6
i

23
23

2
2

1
i

1
1

_
-

8
8

12
12

-

-

-

4
4

6
6

13
11

12
13

14
14

21
21

12
12

11
ii

8
8

8
8

6
6

2
2

-

1
i

5
3

4
2

5
5

15
15

11
11

ii
ii

8
8

8
8

6
6

2
2

-

48

-

-

-

-

-

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS A
NONMANUFACTURING ------------------

51
28

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS R
MANUFACTURING -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------

124
56
68

3 7 .3 245.00
37. 5 2 8 1 . 5 0
36 . 5 2 1 5 . 5 0

2 2 7 .5 0
2 4 2 .5 0
2 1 0 .0 0

187.00-271.50
2 1 0.50-374.00
175.00-271.50

1
1

2
2

2

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING ------------------

31
27

39 . O 1 5 0 . 0 0
39. 0 1 4 4 . 5 3

1 3 2 .5 0
1 2 5 .0 0

120.00-183.00
120.00 -1 7 7 .0 0

**1 6
16

2
2

1
1

-

3
2

2
1

5
4

2
1

1 37
1 30

40. 0 294.00
4 0 .0 297.50

2 9 7 .5 0
3 0 1 .0 0

2 4 2 .00-340.00
2 4 8.50-344.00

-

2
2

-

1

i
1

6
6

3
3

7
5

40 .3
40 .0

337.03
341.50

3 3 6 .0 0
3 3 7 .0 0

308.00-374.00
3 10.50-377.0)

39.5

342.50

3 5 1 .5 0

311.00 -3 8 6 .0 0

43. 0 274.50
40. 0 274.50

2 5 5 .0 0
2 5 5 .0 0

2 4 9.00-305.50
2 4 9.00-305.50

DRAFTERS -------------MANUFACTURING

76
72

DRAFTERS. CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ---ELECTRONICS

t e c h n ic ia n s

277

REGISTERED IN DU ST R IA L NURSES
MANUFACTURING ----------------------

*
**

W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d as f o l l o w s :
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d as f o l l o w s :

34
34

-

-

2

1 at $ 110 to $ 120; 13 at S 120 to $ 130; and 3 at $ 130 to $ 140.
1 at $ 110 to $ 120; 13 at $ 120 to $ 130; and 2 at $ 130 to $ 140.

S e e f o o tn o te s at end o f t a b l e s .




4

5

-

-

-

16

2

3

7

10

12

27

34

35

54

25

2
2

-

5
5

11
11

4
4

3
3

2
2

2
2

5
5

-

-

"

T ab le A -3 .

A v e ra g e w e e k ly earnings of office, professional, and technical w orkers, by sex,

in Trenton, N .J ., S eptem ber 1978
Average
(mean2)
S e x , 1 oc c u p a ti on ,

OFFICE

and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

OCCUPATIONS

-

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours
(standard

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

HEN

MESSENGERS --------------------------------------

$
37 . 5 1 4 3 . 0 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------

39 . 1 2 2 5 . 5 0
39 . 0 2 0 3 . 5 0

OFFICE

OCCUPATIONS

-

Sex, 3 o cc u p a t i o n , and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Weekly
Weekly
earnings1
hours1
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

UO M N
E

S e x , 3 oc cu pa tio n,

PROFESSIONAL
OCCUPATIONS -

and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

39.0
38.5

173.00
183.50

ORDER CLERKS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

39.0
38.5

202.50
206.50

39.0
38.5

201.50
206.50

38.5
39.3
37.5

1 8 2 .0 0
191.00
161.00

38.5
39.0
37.5

205.00
207.00
196.50

38.5
39.0
37.5

160.50
171.00
144.00

Weekly
hour*
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

AND TECHNICAL
MEN— CONTINUED

s

SWITCHROARD OPERATOR-RECEPTI ONI STS
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

ORDER CLERKS. CLASS B ------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

39 . 0 2 3 5 . 5 0
39 . 5 2 1 4 . 0 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING --------------------------

Average
( mean^)

Average
(mean2)
Number
of
workers

$
38. n 2 9 3 .0 0
38.5 320.50
37. 5 268 .0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S I N E S S ) ----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS A ----------------------------------------------

►
083
68a
399

37. 0 215.50
39 . 0 2 2 6 . 5 0
38 . 0 1 9 6 . 5 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS -----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------

406
284

SECRETARIES* CLASS B --------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUF A C T U R I N G ---------------------

157
112

3 9 .0 253.00
39 . 5 2 6 5 . 0 0
3 7 . 5 22U.OO

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS A --------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

196
1 57

SECRETARIES* CLASS C --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

325
214
111

38 . 5 2 2 4 . 5 0
3 8.5 231.50
38 . 5 2 1 0 . 5 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS B ---------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

210
127

SFCRFT A R I F S .

CLASS D ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

346
24 9

3 9.0 213.00
39. 5 22 0 .5 0
38. 0 193.50

PAYROLL CLERKS ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

SE C RET ARI ES. CLASS E --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------

241
100

38 . 5 1 7 8 . 0 0
3 9 .5 180.50

STENOGRAPHERS --------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

136
71

3 7 . 5 1 8 P . 50
38 . 5 1 9 3 . 5 0
36.5 182.50

KEY ENTRY

STENOGRAPHERS* GENERAL ----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

37. 5 190.50
38. 0 191.50
37. 0 188.50

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS B -----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

STENOGRAPHERS.

37.0

182.50

37.0

38.0
3 8.0

272.50
254.50

COMPUTER OPERATORS ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

3 8.0
37.5
3 8.0

236.00
288.50

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B --------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

3 7.5
37.0
37.5

249.50
292.50
188.53

38.5 195.50
39. 0 2 0 2 . 5 0

SECRETARIES -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS B ----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS C -------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

39.0
39.0

149.50
145.53

38.5 171.50
39.0 185.50
37. 5 1 6 2 . 5 0

DRAFTERS -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

40.0
40.0

295.50
299.50

4 0.0
40.0

336.00
341.00

158.00

m anu factu r ing

SENIOR -------------

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE

TYPISTS

—

3 7 .0 189.50
38. 5 155.50

T Y P IS T S --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS --------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

1 22

218
85
133

OPERATORS. CLASS A -----m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

38.0
39.5
36.5
138
42

190.50
193.00
187.50

38.5 160.00
39. 3 1 7 7 . 5 0
38.0 152.50

37.5 3 7 2.00
38. 0 3 9 3 . 5 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS A ---------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

38. 0 4 3 0 . 5 0
38. 5 4 3 4 . 0 0

MESSENGERS ---------------------------------------

37. 5

137.00

SWITCHBOARD

38.0

167.00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS B ---------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

37.5 354.50
37. 0 3 6 0 . 5 0

OPERATORS -----------------

1 39
83

S e e fo ot no te s at end o f ta b l e s .




6

1 30
123

DRAFTERS. CLASS A ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------ELECTRONICS

TEC HNI CIA NS

ELECTRONICS

---------------------

T E C H N I C IA N S .

1 9 1.03

A ---------

CLASS

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

R-

260

39. 5 347.50

1 38

39.0

336.00

3 7.0
3 6.0

233.00
233.50

(BUSINESS)

COMPUTER OPERATORS -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

37.5 150.00
38. 0 153.00
3 6 .5 145.00

T Y P I S T S * CLASS B ----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

CLASS

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - HEN
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S IN E S S ) ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

COMPUTER OPERATORS.

236.00
242.50

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B -NONMANUFACTURING ------------------- REGISTERED IND US TR IA L NURSES
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

40.0
4 0.0

274.50
274.50

Tab le A -4 .

*
**
See

W orkers
W orkers
fo o tn o te s

H ourly earnings of m aintenance, toolroom , and p o w e rp la n t w o rke rs in Trenton, N .J., S eptem ber 1978

w e r e at $1 0 to $10. 40.
w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d as f o l l o w s :

50 at

$10 to

$10.40; and 3 at

$10. 40 to

$10.80.

at end o f t a b le s .




7

Table A -5 .

Hourly earnings of m a te ria l m ovem ent and custodial w orkers in Trenton, N .J., S eptem ber 1978
Hourly earnings 4

Oc cupation and in d us tr y d i v i s i o n

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a rn i n g s of—
$
2.60

Number
of
workers

Mean *

Median*

Middle range *

%
$
2 . 80 2 . 9 0

S
3.00

4
i
3. 20 3 . 9 0

2.80

2 . 90

3 .0 0

3.20

3.40

s
3.80

4
9.00

4
9.20

4
4 .90

s
4.60

*
5 .00

s
5.40

4
S
4
5 . 80 6 20 6 . 6 0

4
4
7. 00 7 . 4 0

4
7.80

4
8.20

4
8.60

3. 80 4 . 0 0

9.20

4.40

4 .60

5.00

5 .40

5 .80

6

7.80

8.20

8.60

ove r

3
2
1
1

-

12 3
123
123

4
3.60

and
und er
2.70

ALL

$
2.73

3.60

6 60

7.00

7. 40

WORKERS
$
7.57
4.92
8.04
8 . 89

$
7.
4.
9.
9.

15
75
07
41

$
6. 7 6 4.5 0 7.159 . 0 7-

$
9.
4.
9.
9.

41
85
41
41

8
8

229
144

3
3

14
10
4

15
12
3

10
3
7

11
2
9
5

3
i
2
2

3
2
1
1

12
12
12

64
64
-

-

5. 52
5. 89

5. 49
5. 94

4 . 3 25.0 2 -

6. 76
6. 76

8

3
3

i
1

-

6
6

5
5

1
1

1
1

12
12

_

-

30

TRUCKDRIVERS ---------------MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S
TRUCKDRIVERS* LIGHT TRUCK
NONMANUFACTURIN6 --------------

168

7.1 5 3 . 8 93 . 8 9-

4. 95
4. 95

RECEIVERS ------------

5. 27
5.04

4. 80
4. 80

4 . 3 44 . 5 6-

6. 24
5. 67

SHIPPERS AND RECEIVERS
MANUFACTURING ----------

6.08
6.08

5. 81
5. 81

5 . 5 85 . 5 8-

WAREHOUSEMEN

6 . 09

6. 12

5.22-

7. 1 5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

18
18
-

-

-

5. 78
5 . 78

4.1 3 4.1 3 -

5. 88
5. 88

-

2

2

-

-

-

64

-

-

-

-

2
2

4
4

-

1
1

-

“

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

1

-

-

-

~

-

3

19
8

8
8

6
6

2

4
3

4
3

5
3

7
1

1

2
~

~

-

2
2

6
6

2
2

-

-

9
9

-

14

10

-

-

18
18

_
-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

2

-

1

10

7

11

12
12

-

-

-

6
6

7
7

-

-

-

_

4
4

4
4

12
12

5
2

1
“

-

-

-

157
148

3. 77
3. 76

3. 52
3. 52

3 . 4 53. 4 5 -

3. 97
3. 95

10
10

-

MATERIAL HANOLING LABORERS
MANUFACTURING ------------------

255
219

5. m
4.65

4 . 14
4.14

4 . 0 03.90-

5. 52
5. 40

-

-

FORKLIFT OPERATORS
MANUFACTURING —

262
251

6. 69
6.64

6. 26
6. 26

5. 57*.5 7 -

4 . 38
5.75

3. 50
5. 05

3. 5 04 . 6 9-

4.73
ft. 5 6

7
-

4
1

4.38
5.73

3. 50
5. 05

3 . 5 04 . 6 9-

4. 73
8. 56

7
-

4
1

-

3.
5.
3.
6.

3.
5.
2.
6.

2.6 5 4 . 9 52. 6 5 5.5 9 -

5. 03
5. 99
3.95
6. 26

210
2
208

100
1
99

16
16

JANITORS* PORTERS. AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

w e r e d is t r ib u t e d

See fo o tn o te s

as

804
229
575

follow s:

1 at

84
34
25
09

16
39
75
26

$8 .6 0 to $9;

36 at

$9 to

-

$9. 40;

~

and 86 at

-

7
7

-

-

-

-

_

~

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

21
-

-

93
93

"

8
~

1
1

22
22

“

“

44
44

50

1
1

22
22

“

18
18
-

-

-

-

13
13

2
2

-

11
11

86
77

6
6

1
-

_

_

-

-

1

2
1

5
4

87
87

16
16

21
21

18
18

-

18
14

2
1

20
20

17
17

1
"

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

18
14

2
1

20
20

17
17

-

-

-

_

-

11
10
1

12
3
9

11
10
1

40
35
5
2

71
55
16
10

42
36
6

-

1

15
15

44
41

67
67

-

-

-

80
-

11
1

-

80

~

“

75
9
66

38
38

11
1

3
3
3
3

$9.40 to

8

$9.80.

72
3
69

11

2

1

11
“

2

2
2

5
4
1

1

3

“
-

6
6

8
5

-

-

-

16
16

-

3
3

_

2
2

. -

3
3

at end o f t a bl es .




-

-

~

-

4
4

70
70

8. 14
8. 14

GUARDS. CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -

“

-

11
11

S HI P P IN G PACKERS
MANUFACTURING

GUARDS -----------------MANUFACTURING

86

4

”

5 . 28
5 . 28

ORDER FI L L E R S ---MANUFACTURING

~

-

6. 25
6.25

m anu facturing

”

8
8

9. 41

4. 14
4. 14

MEDIUM TRUCK

1
1

4
4

9. 41

4.48
4.48

TRUCKDRIVERS*

-

10

8.05

SHIPPERS -------------MANUFACTURING

W orkers

20

34
32
2
2

35
11
24
24

9
9
9

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-




Table A -6 . Average hourly earnings of m a in ten a n c e , toolroom
pow erplant, m aterial m ovem ent, and custodial w o rkers,
by sex, in Trenton, N .J ., S eptem ber 1978
Sex, 3 occ up at io n,

A verage
( m ean2 )
hourly
earnings4

and in d u st ry d i v i s i o n

MAINTENANCE. TOOLROOM,
POWERPLANT OCCUPATIONS -

A verage
( m ean 2 )

Sex, 3 o c cu p a ti o n , and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n
earnings 4

MATERIAL MOVEMENT a n d CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

and

MEN

$

6.95
7.67

CARPENTERS ------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

m ainte nanc e

ELECTRICIANS --------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

m aintenance

MAINTENANCE

PAINTERS

1 37
1 26

$
5 . 25
5.01

8. 1 R
8.15

SHIPPERS AND RECEIVERS --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

6.08
6.08

----------------------

WAREHOUSEMEN ---------------------------------------7.04
7.04

MAINTENANCE

MACHINISTS ------------------m anu facturing
------------------------------

MAINTENANCE

RECEIVERS ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

MECHANICS (M ACHINERY)
------------------------------

m anu facturing

324
313

ORDER F I L L E R S -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

7 . ^4
7 . 27

S H IP PI N G

8.70
8.50

---------------------------------------------------

7 . 99
7 .9 ft

BOILER TENDERS ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

? 49
215

5.01
4.63

FORKLIFT OPERATORS ----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

258
247

6.7 0
6.65

GUARDS. CLASS B -----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

79

4.4^
5.69

JA NI T O RS . PORTERS. AND CLEANERS - MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------

MECHANICS
(MOTOR VEHIC LES) ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

471
193
278
41

5.78
5.79

e n g ine er s

MANUFACTURING

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

TRUCKDRIVERS ----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------TRUCKDRIVERS. LIGHT TRUCK
NONMANUFACTURING -------------TRUCKDRIVERS.

Se e fo ot n o t es

GUARDS ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

7.59
4 .9 ?
8.06

3.60
6 11

.

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

5.44
5. R3
3.52
3.5?

S H IP P I N G PACKERS
MANUFACTURING

MEDIUM TRUCK

SHIPPERS -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------

--------------------------------

MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

m ainte nanc e

s tatio nar y

PACKERS

5 . 70
5.70

4.4 8
4.48

J A N IT O R S . PORTERS.
MANUFACTURING -

at end o f ta b l e s .

9

ANO CLEANERS -----




Table A -7 .

P ercent increases in average hourly earnings, adjusted for em p lo ym e n t sh ifts.

for selected occup ational groups in T renton, N .J ., for selected periods
I n d u s t r y and o c c u p a t i o n a l g ro u p 5

S e p t e m b e r 1972 S e p t e m b e r 1973 S e p t e m b e r 1974 S e p t e m b e r 1975 S e p t e m b e r 1976 S e p t e m b e r 1977
to
to
to
to
to
to
S e p t e m b e r 1973 S e p t e m b e r 1974 S e p t e m b e r 1975 S e p t e m b e r 1976 S e p t e m b e r 1977 S e p t e m b e r 197 8

A l l in d u s t r i e s :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l . . _ _______ ____________ __________________
E l e c t r o n i c dat a p r o c e s s i n g
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s __________________________________________
S ki ll ed m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s
U n s k il l e d plant w o r k e r s

7.0

8.1

( 6)
4.7
7.6
7.1

9.0
10.3
8.5

8.2

7.2
8.7

M a n u fa c t u r i n g :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l _________________________ _________________
E l e c t r o n i c dat a p r o c e s s i n g _____________________________
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ________________________________________
S k i ll e d m a in t e n a n c e t r a d e s _____________________________
U n s k i l le d plant w o r k e r s _______________ __________________

5.8
( 6)
4.7
7.5
7.7

8.3

7.5

(6)
10.3
8.4

(6)

8.8

7. 1
8.3

7.3
(6)
7.4
6.4
8.3

N o n m a n u fa c t u r i n g :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l . . . ___ _____
_ _______________________
E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g _____________________________
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s __________________________________________
U n s k il l e d plant w o r k e r s _________________________________

( 6)
( 6)
( b)
5.7

( 6)
( 6)
(6)
7. 1

(6)
(6)
n
n

(6)
( 6)
(“ )
( 6)

See fo o t n o t e s

8.1
8.8
6.8

6.8

7.5
5.9
7.4
6.5

6.8

a t end of t a bl es .

A r e v i s e d d e s c r i p t i o n f o r c o m p u t e r o p e r a t o r s is b ein g in t ro d u ce d in this a r e a in
1978.
T h e r e v i s e d d e s c r i p t i o n is not c o n s i d e r e d e q u i v a l e n t to the p r e v i o u s d e s c r i p ti o n .
T h e r e f o r e , the e a r n i n g s o f c o m p u t e r o p e r a t o r s a r e not used in com put ing p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s
f o r the e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g grou p.

10

6.7
7.2

8.1
11.7
8.5

9. 1
2.7
8.7
7. 1
7.4

7.9
( 6)

8.9
(b )
8.7
7.0

9.0

8.8

(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

8.1
12.1

B. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions
Table B-1.

M in im u m entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks in Trenton, N .J ., S ep tem b er 1978




11




Table B -2 .

L a te -s h ift pay provisions fo r fu ll-tim e m anufacturing production

and related w o rkers in Trenton, N .J ., S eptem ber 1978
J ^ A ll ^ f u l l- H jm e jr n a n u f a c t u r in g j^ r o d u x t i o n ji m ^ r e l a t e d ^ ^ o r k e r s ^ ^ O O jD e r c e n t ^
All w orkers
Secon d sh ift

W o r k e r s on la te shif ts

10

T h i r d sh ift

T h i r d shift

Second shift

8 4 .0

16.9

3 .1

3.1
1.7
1.4

WITH LATE

S H IF T P ROV ISI ON S

UITH NO PAY DI FF ER EN TI A L FOR LATE SH IFT UORK
WITH PAY D IF FE REN TIA L FOR LATE SH IF T UORK ----UNIFORM CENTS-PER-HOUR DIF F ER E NT IA L -----------UNIFORM PERCENTAGE DIF F ER E NT IA L -------------------OTHER D I F F ER EN TI A L ---------------------------------------------AVERAGE PAY

UJ
a

ESTABLISHMENTS

C
D
O

PERCENT OF UORKERS
IN

-

2.9
86.4
38.6
44.9
P.8

84.0
37.1
44.9
P.0

.7
16.2
5.8
10.2
. 3

16.9
7.1

21.7
10.1

21.8
6.3

20.6
10.0

2.5
1.8
1.9

.4
.3

.3

-

D I FFE REN TIA L

UNIFORM CENTS-PER-HOUR DIFFE REN TIA L ---------------UNIFORM PERCENTAGE DI F FE R E NT IA L -----------------------PERCENT OF UORKERS BY TYPE AND
AMOUNT OF PAY DIF FE R EN TIA L
UNIFORM c e n t s 5 CENTS
9 CENTS
10 CENTS
11 CENTS
12 CENTS
14 CENTS
15 CENTS
17 CENTS
20 CENTS
22 CENTS
23 CENTS
25 CENTS
29 CENTS
30 CENTS
38 AND U
40 CENTS

p e r - hour:

2.5
1.8
5.9
•6
2.°
13.0
-

1.9
-

3.3
4.7
.6
1.5

-

5.9
.?

11. t
.4
2.9
1.9
4.7
1 .3
1 .5
.6

( i n

.7
1 .2
-

. 9
1 .3
.1
.8

-

.1
-

.3
.1
.7
-

.1

"

UNIFORM PERCE
5 PERCENT 8 PERCENT 10 PERCENT
15 PERCENT

23.2
6.5
15.. 2

_

4 4 .1
.8

S e e fo ot n o t es at end o f t a b l e s .

12

7 .4
• 6
2.2

_

1 .4

T ab le B -3 .

S cheduled w e e k ly hours and days of fu ll-tim e firs t-s h ift w o rkers in Trenton, N .J ., S eptem ber 1978
O ffice w orkers

P r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s
Item
A l l i nd u st ri es

M an u fa c tu r i n g

N o nm anuf actu r ing

P u b li c u ti li ti e s

M a n u f a c t u ri n g

N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

100

100

100

100

100

100

6
1
8
”

-

-

-

-

_

15
6
1
36
6
37
“

5
2
30
7
57
“

23
11

68
3
28

38.0

38.9

Public utilities

A l l i n d u st r ie s

PFRCENT OF UORKERS BY SCHEDULED
UEEKLY HOURS AND DAYS
---------------------

100

HOURS-5 DAYS --------------------------------------HOURS-4 DAYS --------------------------------------HOURS-5 DAYS --------------------------------------1 /A HOURS-5 DAYS ------------------------------1/3 HOURS-5 DAYS ------------------------------1/2 HOURS-5 DAYS ------------------------------8/10 HOURS-5 DAYS ----------------------------HOURS-5 DAYS --------------------------------------HOURS-5 DAYS ---------------------------------------

2
< 12)
4
7
2
fil
2

ALL
20
10
35
36
36
37
38
AO
A5

F UL L- T IM E

UORKERS

•
2
5
3
87
3

75
~

39. 9

38.0

“
”
“
100

10

”

A2
5
20

100

”

AVERAGF SCHEDULED
UEEKLY HOURS
ALL

WEFKLY

UORK SCHEDULES -------------------

39 . 3

a O .o

S e e f o o tn o te at end o f ta bl e .




13

37.3

36.5

Table B -4 . A n n ual paid holidays for fu ll-tim e w orkers in Trenton, N .J ., Septem ber 1978
P r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s

O ffice w ork ers

Item
A l l in d u s t r ie s

PERCENT

M a n u f a c t u r in g

N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

Public utilities

A l l i n d u str ie s

Manufacturing

N o n m a n u f a c tu r in g

Public utilities

100

100

100

100

OF WORKERS
100

100

WORKERS ---------------

100

IN ESTABLISHMENTS NOT PROVIDING
PAID HOLIDAYS --------------------------------IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVIDING
PAID HOLIOAYS ---------------------------------

2

-

5

-

-

(1 2 )

-

98

100

95

100

99

100

99

100

1 2. 1

8.8

10.5

1 0 .6

10.7

10.5

10.0

4

-

-

-

ALL FU L L - T IM E

AVERAGE

NUMBER

OF PA ID

10J

(12)

HOLIDAYS

FOR WORKERS I N ESTABLISHMENTS
PROVIDING HOLIOAYS -----------------------

n . i

PERCENT OF WORKERS BY NUMBER
OF PAI D HOLIOAYS PROVIDED
I HOLIOAY --------------------------------------------3 HOLIOAYS -----------------------------------------5 HOLIDAYS ------------------------------------------6 HOLIDAYS ------------------------------------------PLUS 3 HALF DAYS -------------------------7 HOLIDAYS ------------------------------------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY --------------------------8 HOLIOAYS ------------------------------------------9 HOLIDAYS ------------------------------------------PLUS 2 HALF DAYS -------------------------10 HOLIDAYS ----------------------------------------PLUS 2 HALF DAYS -------------------------I I HOLIDAYS ----------------------------------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY --------------------------PLUS 2 HALF DAYS -------------------------12 HOLIDAYS ----------------------------------------13 HOLIDAYS ----------------------------------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY --------------------------15 HOLIDAYS ----------------------------------------16 HOLIDAYS ----------------------------------------20 HOLIDAYS -----------------------------------------

1
5
7
1
R
6
1
27
3
R
-

17
1
-

_

3
3
6
8
i
22
5
9
23
1
-

_

13

too
100
97
94
94
R7
79
56
43
20
19
19
19

4
3
55
7
27
5

-

-

4

100
100
96
96
93
93
93
38
32
5
-

99
99
9R
96
86
82
80
53
35
R
5
4

1
~

(1 2 )
1
( 12 )
4
18
7
1
20
3
(1 2 )
( 12 )
35
1
( 12 )

1
3
71
21
4

-

8

-

100
99
99
99
98
97
95
59
23
4
-

99
99
98
94
75
68
68
48
45
10
9
8

100
100
99
99
96
96
96
25
25
4
-

(1 2 )
( 12 )
1
2
1
35
4
33
18
4
”

19

9R
97
9?
R5
85
76
70
42
3?
14
13
13
13

1
(12)
1
< 12)
3
10
4
2
( 12)
27
2
16
( 12)
( 12)
27
2
(12)

fl
14
3
12
2
39
5
6
3
“

PERCENT OF WORKERS BY TOTAL
PAI D HOLIDAY TIME PROVIDED1 I
3
I DAY OR MORE ------------------------------------6 DAYS OR MORE ----------------------------------7 DAYS OR MORE ----------------------------------7 1/2 DAYS OR MORE ---------------------------8 DAYS OR MORE ----------------------------------9 DAYS OR MORE ----------------------------------10 DAYS OR MORE --------------------------------I I DAYS OR MORE --------------------------------12 DAYS OR MORE ---------------------------------13 DAYS OR MORE ---------------------------------15 DAYS OR MORE ---------------------------------16 DAYS OR MORE ---------------------------------20 DAYS -------------------------------------------------

95
91
83
69
66
54
53
1A
9
3
-

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




14

T ab le B -5.

Paid vacation provisions for fu ll-tim e w orkers in Trenton, N .J ., S eptem ber 1978
O ffice w orkers

P r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s
Item
A l l i nd u st ri es

PERCENT
ALL

M a n u fa ct u ri n g

Nonmanufacturing

P u b l i c u t i l it i e s

A l l i n d u st ri es

__________ 100___________

100

100

i on

1

-

_

WORKERS -------------

ESTABLISHMENTS NOT PROVIDING
PAID VACA TIONS ---------------------------IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVIDING
PAIO VACATIONS ---------------------------LEN GTH -OF-T IME PAYMENT ----------PERCENTAGE PAYMENT ------------------OTHER PAYMENT ---------------------------OF P AI D

VACATION

1 YEAR OF s e r v i c e :
1 WEEK --------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS -------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS -------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNOER 4 WEEKS
4 WEEKS --------------------------------

___ 100___

(12)
99
78
19
2

-

100
68
29
3

99
99
(121

ft

43
5

6

11
29
6

3

so

4
4

51
5
39
< 12>
3
< 12)
1

47
7
40

:
1 WEEK --------------------------------OVER I ANO UNDER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS -------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS -------------------------------OVER 3 ANO UNOER 0 WEEKS
4 WEEKS --------------------------------

18
12
61
1
6
*12)
1

15
16
58

3 YEARS OF s f r v i c e :
1 WEEK ---------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNOER 2 WEEKS
2 UEEKS -------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNOER 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS -------------------------------OVER 3 »NO UNDER 4 WEEKS
4 WEEKS --------------------------------

2
6
63
18
8
(12)
1

4 YFARS OF s f r v i c e :
1 WEEK ---------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS
2 UEEKS -------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS -------------------------------OVER 3 ANO UNDER 4 WEEKS
4 WEEKS --------------------------------

2
5
62
19
10
(12 1
1

years

of

100
100

_

100

_

100
99

100
100

i

-

2
61
13
2

(12)
B5
1
4

10
( 12>
76
( 12)
13

13
1
B1

-

37
25

'

~

58
2
38
(12)

4

~
~

1

2

7
60

-

-

28

”

-

9

_

25
4
66
2
1
1

4
84
7
-

1
12)
71
(12)
27
(

-

_

~

12)
(12)
67
3
19
2
10

-

5
~

_

7
3
73
3
11
1

-

88
7
-

5

2

-

27

:

(
(

12)
12)
65
3
20
2

-

60
5
31

3
40
23

100

.

100
100
_

15

72
19

i

7

5

-

-

72
1
20

95
-

_

_

-

-

1
(1 2 )
72
1
26

-

100
-

-

(1 2 )
(1 2 )
73
1
8

-

100
-

4

-

-

~

18

~

(1 2 )
(1 2 )
70
1
11

100

_
-

60
5
31
4

-

18

a t end o f t a b le s .




1
1
70

(

4
84
7

4

78
3
6
1

2

7
56
27
9

-

5

7

-

4
_

-

2

8
56
26
9

-

_

5

s e r v ic e

fo o tn o te s

100

100
99
1

-

\
See

P u b li c u ti li ti e s

A F T E R :"

6 MONTHS OF S E RV IC E:
UNOER 1 WEEK ---------------------1 WEEK --------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNOER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS --------------------------------

2

No n m a n u fa ct u ri n g

OF WORKERS

F U LL -T IM E

IN

AMOUNT

M an u fa c tu r i n g

_
-

Table B -5 .

Paid vacation provisions fo r fu ll-tim e w o rkers in Trenton, N .J ., Septem ber 1978— Continued
O ffice w ork ers

P r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s
Item
A l l in d u s t r ie s

AMOUNT OF PA ID
CONTINUED
5

VACATION

1
(1 2 )
51
6
3R
1
3

10 YEARS OF SER VIC E:
1 UEEK ----------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 UEEKS -----2 UEEKS --------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 UEEKS -----3 UEEKS --------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNOER « UEEKS -----U UEEKS --------------------------------------5 UEEKS -------------------------------------12 YEARS OF SERV IC E:
1 UEEK ----------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNOER 2 UEEKS -----2 UEEKS --------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 UEEKS -----3 UEEKS --------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER < U E E K S -----t
a UEEKS --------------------------------------5 UEEKS -------------------------------------YEARS OF SER VI C E:
1 UEEK ----------------------------------------2 UEEKS --------------------------------------3 UEEKS --------------------------------------OVER 3 ANO UNOER a UEEKS -----4 UEEKS --------------------------------------OVER 4 ANO UNDER 5 UEEKS -----5 UEEKS ---------------------------------------

2

4
(1 2 )
54
3
30
3
5

1
(12)
6
4
61
1 ft
10
■

4
5
55
25
11
"

4
(12)
9
1
74
3
8
~

1
(12)
5
3
60
19
10
_

4
5
53
27
11
-

4
(1 2 )
7
76
3
9
“

49
7
42
-

_

85
3
12
“
.
-

88
12
~
_
88
12

_

-

4
7
42
44
2
”

1
3
1?
53

1
12
50

4
7
13
61

7
81

12
2

5
7

2«
1

?S YEARS OF SER VIC E:
1 UEEK ----------------------------------------2 UEEKS --------------------------------------3 UEEKS --------------------------------------4 UEEKS --------------------------------------OVFR 4 AND UNDER 5 UEEKS -----5 UEEKS --------------------------------------OVER 5 ANO UNOER 6 UEEKS -----6 UEEKS ---------------------------------------

1
3
12
26
2
52
1
2

36

1
12
20
3
61
3

55
38
7

_

_

4
7
13
3ft
34
2

7
86
7

at end o f ta b le s .




Public utilities

1
39
3
53
5
-

1
3
40
2
50
4

20 YEARS OF SER V IC E :
1 UEEK ----------------------------------------2 UEEKS --------------------------------------3 UEEKS --------------------------------------4 UEEKS --------------------------------------OVER 4 ANO UNDER 5 UEEKS -----5 UEEKS --------------------------------------OVER S AND UNOER 6 WEEKS ------

S ee fo o tn o te s

Nonmanufacturing

A l l i n d u str ie s

M a n u f a c tu r i n g

N o n m a n u f a c tu r in g

Pu blic utilities

AFTER 14 -

y e a r s of s e r v i c e :
1 WEEK ----------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS -----2 UEEKS --------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 UEEKS -----3 UEEKS --------------------------------------OVER 3 ANO UNDER < U E E K S -----t
0 U E E K S ---------------------------------------

IS

Manufacturing

16

(12)
47
4
34
15

(12)
1
(12)
59
3
35
1

(12)
1
58
3
36
1

(12)
1
34
1
59
5

~
39
5
47
9

_
1
52
4
42
'
_
1
51
5
42

_
17
1
73
9

(1 2 )
53
3
23
“
20

(1 2 )
2
(12 )
65
2
29
3

(1 2 )
1
“
69
1
31
3

97
“
3
“

1
99

1
99
-

(1 2 )
1
48
( 12 )
47
“
3

_
1
29
70

_

(i? )
1
3
66

2
40

(1 2 )
1
3
87

_
1
7
92

31

57

8

-

(12)
1
3
40
1
54
1

_

_
2
5
1
R9
~
2

(1 2 )
1
3
70
1
24
”

_
1
7
92

Table B -5 .

Paid v acatio n provisions for fu ll-tim e w orkers in Trenton, N .J ., S ep tem b er 1978 — Continued
O ffice w orkers

P r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s
Item
A l l i nd u st ri es

AMOUNT OF P AI D
CONTINUED

VACATION

AFTER1
1

:
1 WEEK -----------------------------------------2 WEEKS ---------------------------------------3 WEEKS ---------------------------------------A WEEKS ---------------------------------------OVER A AND UNDER 5 WEEKS -----5 WEEKS ---------------------------------------OVFR 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS -----b WEEKS ---------------------------------------7 WEEKS ---------------------------------------8 WEEKS ----------------------------------------

Se e

v ac atio n

f o o tn o te s

Public utilities

Nonmanufacturing

1
3
12
24
2
48
1
R

a v a il a b l e

1
7
12
24
2
48
1
8

1
12
17
3
58
-

9

_
1
12
17
3
58
9
-

4
7
13
38

-

7
-

-

-

28
2
6

bi
1
25

4
7
13
38
28
2
6
-

-

7
fel
7
25
-

at end o f t a b l e s .




A l l i n d u st r ie s

M a n u f a c tu r in g

N o n m a n u f a c tu r in g

P u b l i c ut il it i e s

-

TO YEARS OF s f r v i c e :
1 WEEK -----------------------------------------2 WEEKS ---------------------------------------T WEEKS ---------------------------------------A W E E K S ---------------------------------------OVER « »N0 UNDER 5 WEEKS -----5 WEEKS --------------------------------------OVER 5 AND UNDER b WEEKS -----b WEEKS ---------------------------------------m a x im u m

M a n u fa c t u r in g

17

( 12>
1
3
40
1
48

2
4
1
78

-

-

8

1A

( 12)
1
3
40
( 12)
48
-

7
(12)
1

_
~
2
4
1
78
-

12
2

(1 2 )
1
3
70
1
21
3

(1 2 )
1
3
70
22
3
(1 2 )

1
7
73
19

_

1
7
73
19
-

Table B -6 .

H e a lth , insurance, and pension plans for fu ll-tim e w orkers in Trenton, N .J ., S eptem ber 1978
P r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s

O ffice w ork ers

Item
A l l in d u s t r ie s

PERCENT

M a n u fa c t u r i n g

N o n m a n u f a c t u r ing

Public utilities

A l l i nd us tri es

M a n u fa c t u r in g

N o n m a n u f a c tu r in g

Public utilities

OF WORKERS
WORKERS ------------

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVIDING AT
LEAST ONE OF THE BENEFITS
SHOWN BELOW15---------------------------------

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

L I F E INSURANCE ------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS --------------

96
89

97
93

94
79

100
75

96
91

99
92

94
90

100
81

ACCIDENTAL OEATH AND
DISME MBE RMF NT INSURANCE ----------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS --------------

7R
74

79
76

76
70

75
75

56
52

67
59

46
46

81
81

SICKNESS
OR SICK

61

60

63

97

87

91

85

92

45
43

52
48

32
32

55
55

65
57

78
62

53
53

19
19

24

16

39

42

60

63

58

24

2

12

68

ALL

F U LL -T IM E

AND ACCIDENT INSURANCE
LEAVE OR BOTH16--------------

SICKNESS AND ACCIDENT
INSURANCE ----------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ---------SICK LEAVF (F U L L PAY AND NO
WAITING PE R IO D) -----------------------SICK LEAVF ( P A R T IA L PAY OR
WAITING PE RI OD ) -----------------------

3

-

ii

32

7

LONG-TERM D I S A B I L I T Y
INSURANCE --------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS --------------

41
33

44
36

35
27

57
57

63
40

70
29

57
49

88
88

H O S P IT A L I Z A T IO N INSURANCE ---------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS --------------

9fl
89

100
96

94
76

100
75

100
80

100
65

100
93

100
81

SURGICAL INSURANCE -----------------------NONCONTRIRUTORY PLANS --------------

98
90

100
97

94
76

100
75

100
90

103
87

100
93

100
81

HEOICAL INSURANCE -------------------------NONCONTRIRUTORY PLANS --------------

98
90

100
97

93
76

100
75

99
89

100
87

99
91

100
81

MAJOR MEOICAL INSURANCE
NONCONTRIBUTORY P L »N S

---------------------------

69
61

63
59

82
67

91
66

96
81

97
79

95
82

100
81

DENTAL I N S U R A N C E -----.---------------------NONCONTRIRUTORY PLANS --------------

35
32

34
29

38
37

67
67

32
29

37
34

27
25

75
75

RETIREMENT PENSION -----------------------NONCONTRIRUTORY PLANS --------------

85
75

94
82

67
60

77
77

93
65

97
60

90
68

97
97

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




T a b le B-7.

Life insurance plans for fu ll-tim e w orkers in Trenton, N .J ., Septem ber 1978
P r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s
A l l in d u s t r i e s
All
plans 1
7

TYPE

O ffice \'orkers

M a n u fa c tu r in g

Noncontributory
plans 1
7

All
plans 1
7

A l l in d u s tr ie s

Noncontributory
plans 1
7

All
plans 1
7

Manuf act uri ng

Noncontributory
plans 1
7

All
plans 1
7

N o n co n tri bu to r y
plans 1
7

OF P L » N AND AMOUNT
OF INSURANCE

ALL F UL L- T IM E WORKERS ARE PROVIDED THE SAME
FLAT-SUM DOLLAR AMOUNT:
PERCENT OF ALL F U LL -T IM E WORKERS1" ---------------------AMOUNT OF INSURANCE P R O V I D E D : 1'1
M E A N -------------------------------------------------------------MEOIAN ---------------------------------------------------------MIDDLE RANKE ( 5 0 PERCENT) -------------------MIODLE RANGE ( RO PERCENT) --------------------

AMOUNT OF INSURANCE I S RASED ON A SCHEDULE
WHICH IND IC AT ES A SP E C I F I E D DOLLAR AMOUNT OF
INSURANCE FOR A S P E C IF IE D LENGTH OF SERVICE!
PERCENT OF ALL F U L L -T I M E WORKERS1" ---------------------AMOUNT OF INSURANCE PROVIDFD iq AFTER!
6 MONTHS of s e r v i c e :
m e a n -------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN ---------------------------------------------------------MIDDLE RANGE <50 PERCENT) -------------------MIDDLE RANGE ( 8 0 PERCENT ) -------------------1 YEAR OF s e r v i c e :
m e a n -------------------------------------------------------------MEDI A N ----------------------------------------------------------MIODLE RANGE <50 PERCENT) -------------------MIDDLE RANGE <80 PERCENT) -------------------5 YEARS OF s e r v i c e :
M E A N -------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN ---------------------------------------------------------MIDOLE RANGE <50 PERCENT) -------------------MIDDLE RANGE ( 8 0 PERCENT) -------------------10 YE ARS OF S E R V I C E !
M E A N -------------------------------------------------------------m e d i a n ---------------------------------------------------------MIODLE RANGE ( 5 0 PERCENT) -------------------MIDDLE RANGE < RO PERCENT) -------------------?0 YEARS OF s f r v i c e :
m e a n -------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN ---------------------------------------------------------MIDDLE RANGE <50 PERCENT) -------------------MIDDLE RANGE ( 8 0 PERCENT) --------------------

57
*5.600
55.000
$ 5 * 00 0 - 7 t 000
52 * 0 0 0 - 9 , 0 0 0

3

56
$5,500
*5.000
* 5 . 0 0 0 - 7.000
* 2 . 0 0 0 - R.000

63
*5.900
*5.500
* 5 , 0 0 0 - 7 *5 0 0
* 3 . 0 0 0 - 9.000

26
* R . 300
*1 0.000
57.500-10.000
1 2 .5 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

26
*8.300
*10.000
*7.500-10.000
*2.500-10.000

(12)

3

-

(6 )
(6)
< 6)
(6 )

<6 )
( 6>
<6 )
<6 )

52 * 0 0 0
*1.000
5 1 * 0 0 0 - 3 .^ 0 0
* 1 . 0 0 0 - 3. 5 0 0

*2.000
*1,000
* 1 . 0 0 0 - 3 .5 0 0
5 1 , 0 0 0 - 3 .5 0 0

55 *5 00
*3.500
5 2 * 5 0 0 - 8 .0 0 0
52.500-15*000

*5.500
*3.500
5 2 .5 0 0 - 8.000
*2.500-15.000

58*<*00
58.000
*5.000-10.000
55.000-20.000

5 8 . <*00
*8.000
*5 .0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0
*5 .0 0 0 -7 0 .0 0 0

-

59 *1 00
510.000
*5 .0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0
15.000-23.300

*9.100
*1 0.003
*5 .0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0
*5 .0 0 0 -2 3 .3 0 0

“
-

“
-

-

-

-

(6 )
( 6)
(6)
(6 )

< 6)
<6>
< 6)
< 6)

( 6)
( 6)
( 6)
<6 )

19

51
S R . 600
*10,000
*7,500-10*000
*5.00 0 -1 0 *0 0 0

51
*8.600
*10.000
*7 » 5 0 0 - 1 0 , 0 0 0
*5 f 0 0 0- 1 0 .0 0 0

(12)

-

-

-

< 6)
< 6>
<6 )
( 6)

-

-

( 6)
(6 )
(6 )
( 6)

< 6)
<6>
(6)
<6*

-

-

(6 )
(6 )
( 6)
(6 )

< 6>
< 6)
<6 )
( 6)

-

-

-

-

“

“

( 6)
( 6)
( 6)

(6 )
(6 )
< 6)
( 6»

( 6 )

S e e fo o tn ot e s at end o f t a b l e s .




63
55*900
55.500
* 5 . 0 0 0 - 7,5 0 0
1 3 .0 0 0 - 9,0 0 0

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

Table B-7.

Life insurance plans for fu ll-tim e w orkers in Trenton, N .J ., Septem ber 197 8 — Continued
Produ ction and re la ted w o rk ers
A l l i n d u st r ie s
A ll
plans 1
7

O ffice w o rk e rs

Manufacturing

M a n uf ac tu ri ng

A l l in d u s tr ie s

N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y
plans 1
7

A ll
plans 1
7

Noncontributory
plans 1
7

15

23

21

All
plans 1
7

Noncontributory
plans 1
7

All
pl ans 1
7

N o n c o n tr ib u to r y
plans 1
7

TYPE OF P L » N AND AMOUNT
OF INSURANCE-CONTINUED

AMOUNT OF INSURANCE I S BASED ON A SCHEOULE
WHICH INDICAT ES A S P E C IF IE D OOLLAR AMOUNT OF
INSURANCE FOR A S P E C IF IE D AMOUNT OF EARNINGS
PERCENT OF ALL F U LL -T IM E WORKERS 18---------------AMOUNT OF INSURANCE PROVI DEO 1 I F :
9
ANNUAL EARNINGS ARE * 5 . 0 0 0 !
M E A N ------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN --------------------------------------------------MIDOLE RANGE <50 PERCENT) -------------MIOOLE RANGE <80 PERCENT) -------------ANNUAL EARNINGS ARE * 1 0 . 0 0 0 !
M E A N ------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN --------------------------------------------------MIODLE RANGE <50 PERCENT) -------------MIDOLE RANGE <80 PERCENT) -------------ANNUAL EARNINGS ARE * 1 5 . 0 0 0 !
M E A N ------------------------------------------------------MEOIAN --------------------------------------------------MIDOLE RANGE <50 PERCENT) -------------MIOOLE RANGE <80 PERCENT) -------------ANNUAL EARNINGS ARE * 2 0 . 0 0 0 !
M E * N ------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN --------------------------------------------------MIOOLE RANGE <50 PERCENT) -------------MIDOLE RANGE <80 PERCENT) --------------

AMOUNT OF INSURANCE I S EXPRESSEO AS A FACTOR OF
ANNUAL E A R N I N G S ! 20
PERCENT OF ALL F UL L -T IM E WORKERS18-----------------FACTOR OF ANNUAL EARNINGS USED TO CALCULATE
AMOUNT OF I N S U R A N C E !19 20
M E A N --------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN ----------------------------------------------------MIOOLE RANGE <50 PERCENT) ---------------MIODLE RANGE <80 PERCENT) ---------------PERCENT OF ALL F UL L- TI M E WORKERS COVEREO BY
PLANS NOT S P E C IF Y IN G A MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF
INSURANCE ------------------------------------------------------------PERCENT OF ALL F UL L- TI M E WORKERS COVEREO BY
PLANS S P E CI F Y IN G A MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF
INSURANCE ------------------------------------------------------------SP E CI F IE D MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF IN S U R A N C E ! 1
9
M E A N --------------------------------------------------------MEOIAN ----------------------------------------------------MIOOLE RANGE <50 PERCENT) ---------------MIOOLE RANGE <80 PERCENT) ----------------

AMOUNT OF INSURANCE I S BASED ON SOME OTHER TYPE
OF PL AN!
PERCENT OF ALL FUL L- T IM E WORKERS18------------------

IT

*6.200
*7 * 500
* 3 , 5 0 0 - 8.0 0 0
* 3 .5 0 0 - 8.000

<6 )
<A )
<A )
<A )

S 14 t 100
*14.000
*1 0 .0 0 0 -1 6 .0 0 0
*7 .5 0 0 -2 2 .0 0 0

*1 3.300
*1 0.000
*1 0 .000-16.000
*7.5 0 3 -2 2 .0 0 0

*1 2.100
*1 0.000
*10,000-16.000
*7.500-16,000

*11.800
*10.000
*10.000-16.000
*7.500-16.000

*17.000
<6 )
(6 )
(6)

<6 )
<A )
<A )
<6 >

*19,100
*16.000
*1 0 .0 0 0 -2 5 .0 0 0
*1 0 .0 00-32.000

*18.000
* 12.000
*10.000-25.000
*10.000-32.000

*16.400
*12.000
*10.000-25.000
*1 0 .000-25.000

*16.400
*12.000
*1 0 .0 0 0 -2 5 .0 0 0
*1 0 .0 0 0 -2 5 .0 0 0

*22,200
<6>
(6 >
<6 )

<A )
<A )
<A )
<A )

*23.600
*16.000
S10 t OO O- 34 f 000
*1 0 .0 00-02.000

*22.700
*12.000
*1 0 .0 0 0 -3 0 .0 0 0
*1 0 ,000-02.000

*19.500
*12.000
*10.000-34.000
* 10,000-34.000

*20.000
*12.000
S lO t000-34t000
t l O t 0 0 0 - 3 4 t 000

<6 >
<A )
<A )
<A )

*1 2.300
< 6>
< A)
(6 )

*1 1.700
< A)
<A )
<A )

*12.000
(6 )
<6 )
<6 )

* 17 *1 00
<6 >
<&>
(61

*16.700
< A)
< A)
(6 )

422.200
(6 )
( 6)
< A)

*22.100
<A )
< A)
< A)

13

4
S54 * OOO
S 50 t 000
000-100.000
000-100.000

1

1 . 29
1.00
1 .00-1.50
.5 0 -2 .0 0

1.27.
1 .5 0
1 .00-1.50
.5 0-1.50

7

2

2

<6 )
(6>
<6 )
(6)

<A )
<6 )
<A *
<A )

-

-

S ee fo o tn o te s at en d o f ta b le s .




1.19
1.50
.5 0 -1 .5 0
.5 0-1.50

ft

4

1

9

10

10

* 5 8 . ROO
*8 0.000
*5 .0 0 0 -1 0 0 .0 0 0
*5 .0 0 0 -1 0 0 ,0 0 0

6

*7.200
*7,500
* 3 . 5 0 0 - 8.000
*3.500-19.000

*11.100
(6>
(6 )
<6 )

1 . 33
1.50
.0 0 -1 .5 0
.0 0 -2 .0 0

6

*7 .0 0 0
*7.500
* 3 . 5 0 0 - 8.000
*3.500-12.000

*io .a o o
<A)
< 6>
< A)

14

3

*8,000
*8.000
*5 .0 00-11.000
*3 .5 0 0 -1 2 .0 0 0

*10.800
<6 )
(6 )
(6)

17

4

20

62

1.07
1.50
1 .0 0-2.00
1.0 0 -2 .0 0

47

15
%107t 700
*85*000
*5 0 .000-100.000
*2 2 .500-300.000

3

5R

1.44
1.50
1.0 0 -2 .0 0
1 .00-2.00

43

15
*107.800
*8 5.000
*50.000-100.000
*22,500-300.000

3

37

1.34
1.50
1 .99-2.00
.5 0 -2 .0 0

33

4
* 1 4 t7 0 9
(6)
(6>
<6 )

5

31

1 .2 1
1.00
1.9 0 -1 .5 0
.5 0-2.00

26

4
*19,700
<A )
<6 )
<A )

5

Footnotes

S o m e o f th e s e sta n d a rd fo o tn o te s m a y not apply to this b ulle tin.

1 In cludes p aym ents o t h e r than " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " such as p e rc e n ta g e
4
o f annual e a r n in g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to an equivalent tim e
b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s was c o n s i d e r e d as 1 w e e k 's
pay. P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e a r e cho sen a r b i t r a r i l y and do not n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t
ind iv id u al p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n ; f o r e x a m p l e , changes in p ro p ortion s
at 10 y e a r s include changes b e tw e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s . E s ti m a te s a r e cum ula­
t i v e . T hu s , the p r o p o r t i o n e l i g i b l e f o r at l e a s t 3 w e e k s ' pay a fte r 10 y e a r s
includes th ose e l i g i b l e f o r at l e a s t 3 w e e k s ' pay a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
1 E s t i m a t e s li s t e d a f t e r ty pe o f b e n e fit a r e f o r all plans f o r which
5
at l e a s t a p a r t o f the cost is b orne b y the e m p l o y e r .
"N o n c o n tr ib u to ry
p l a n s " include only th ose finan ced e n t i r e l y by the e m p l o y e r . E xclud ed are
l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d plans, such as w o r k e r s ’ d i s a b i l i t y c om p en s ation , s o c i a l s e ­
c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
1 Undu pli cated to ta l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g sick l e a v e o r s ickn ess and
6
accid en t in s u ran ce shown s e p a r a t e l y b e l o w . Sick l e a v e plans ar e l i m i t e d to
th ose wh ich d e fi n i t e l y e s ta b lis h at le a s t the m i n i m u m nu m ber of day s' pay
that each e m p l o y e e can e xp e c t. I n f o r m a l s ic k l e a v e a llo w an c e s d e te r m in e d
on an ind iv id u al b as is a r e exclu ded.
17 E s t i m a t e s under " A l l p l a n s " r e l a t e to all plans f o r whic h at le as t
a p art o f the cos t is b orne by the e m p l o y e r . E s t i m a t e s under " N o n c o n t r i b ­
uto ry p la n s " include only th ose finan ced e n t i r e l y by the e m p l o y e r .
1 F o r " A l l i n d u s t r i e s , " all f u l l - t i m e p ro d u c tio n and r e la te d w o r k e r s
8
o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s equal 100 p e r c e n t.
F o r " M a n u f a c t u r i n g , " all f u l l - t i m e
p ro d uction and r e l a te d w o r k e r s o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in m anufactu ring equal 100
p e rc e n t.
1 T h e m e a n amount is com pute d by m u ltip ly in g the nu mber of w ork ers
9
p r o v i d e d in s u ran ce by the amount o f i n s u r a n ce p r o v i d e d , tota lin g the p r o d ­
ucts, and d iv id in g the sum by the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s . T h e m edian indicates
that h a lf o f the w o r k e r s a r e p r o v i d e d an amount equal to o r s m a l l e r and half
an amount equal to o r l a r g e r than the amount shown. M id d l e range (50 p e r ­
cent)— a fo u r th of the w o r k e r s a r e p r o v i d e d an amount equal to o r l e s s than
the s m a l l e r am ount and a fourth a r e p r o v i d e d an amount equal to o r m o r e
than the l a r g e r amount. M id d l e range (80 p e r c e n t ) — 10 p e rc e n t of the w o r k ­
e r s a r e p r o v i d e d an amount equal to o r l e s s than the s m a l l e r amount and 10
p e r c e n t a r e p r o v i d e d an amount equal to o r m o r e than the l a r g e r amount.
20 A f a c t o r o f annual e a r n in g s is the n u m b e r by w h ich annual earnin gs
a r e m u l t i p l i e d to d e t e r m i n e the amount o f i n s u r a n ce p r o v i d e d . F o r e x a m p le ,
a f a c t o r o f 2 in d ic ate s that f o r annual e a r n in g s o f $ 10,000 the amount of
in s u ran ce p r o v i d e d is $ 20,000.

1 Stand ard hours r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r which e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e
t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s (e x c l u s i v e o f pay f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g ­
u la r and/or p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th es e w e e k l y
hours.
2 T h e m e a n is c om p u te d f o r eac h jo b by to talin g the e a r n in g s of
all w o r k e r s and d i v id in g by the nu m b er o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n d e s i g ­
na te s p o s itio n — h a lf o f the w o r k e r s r e c e i v e the sam e o r m o r e and ha lf r e ­
c e i v e the s a m e o r l e s s than the rate shown. T h e m i d d l e range is defin ed
by tw o r a te s o f p ay; a f o u r th o f the w o r k e r s e arn the s am e o r l e s s than
the l o w e r o f th e s e ra te s and a fourth e arn the s am e o r m o r e than the
h i g h e r r a te .
3 E a r n i n g s data r e l a t e on ly to w o r k e r s whose s e x id e n t i f i c a t i o n was
p r o v i d e d b y the e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
4 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m pay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
h o l i d a y s , and la te s hif ts .
5 E s t i m a t e s f o r p e r i o d s ending p r i o r to 1976 r e l a t e to m en only f o r
s k i l l e d m a in te n a n c e and u n s k ille d plant w o r k e r s .
A ll other estim a tes r e ­
late to m e n and w o m e n .
6
Data do not m e e t p u b lic ation c r i t e r i a o r data not a v a i l a b l e .
7 F o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m i n i m u m r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h ir in g s a l ­
a r i e s that a r e p aid f o r s tan d a rd w o r k w e e k s .
8 E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l jo bs such as m e s s e n g e r .
9
Data a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll standa rd w o r k w e e k s c om b in e d , and f o r
the m o s t c o m m o n sta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s r e p o rte d .
1 I n c lu d e s a l l p ro d u c tio n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
0
c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la te s h i f t s , and e s ta b lis h m e n ts wh os e f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s
c o v e r la te s h i f t s , e v e n though the e s ta b lis h m en ts w e r e not c u r r e n t l y
o p e r a t i n g la te s h ifts .
1
1 L e s s than 0.05 p e r c e n t .
1 L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t .
2
1 A l l c o m b in a tio n s o f fu ll and ha lf days that add to the s a m e amount;
3
f o r e x a m p l e , the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s
r e c e i v i n g a to ta l o f 10 days
in c lu d e s t h o s e w ith 10 f u l l days and no half days, 9 fu ll days and 2
h a lf d a y s , 8 fu ll days and 4 ha lf days, and so on.
P r o p o r t i o n s then
w e r e cum ula ted .




21




Appendix A.
Scope and Method
of Survey
In e a c h o f the 75 1 a r e a s c u r r e n t l y s u r v e y e d , the B u re a u obtains
w a g e s and r e l a t e d b e n e f i ts data f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b lis h m e n ts within
s i x b r o a d i n d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s :
M anu fa cturin g; tr a n s p o r ta t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n ,
and o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e tr a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fin an c e, in s u r a n c e ,
and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s . G o v e r n m e n t op e r a tion s and the con stru c tio n
and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s a r e exclu d ed . E s ta b lis h m e n ts ha ving f e w e r than a
p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e als o exclu d ed b e c a u s e o f i n s u ffic ie n t
e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n s studied. Ap p end ix ta ble 1 shows the n u m b er
o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s e s t i m a t e d to be within the s c op e o f this
s u r v e y , as w e l l as the n u m b e r actu a ll y studied.
B u r e a u f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s obtain data by p e r s o n a l v i s i t s at 3 - y e a r
i n t e r v a l s . In e a c h o f the tw o i n t e r v e n i n g y e a r s , i n f o r m a ti o n on e m p l o y m e n t
and o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n i n g s on ly is c o l l e c t e d by a c om b in atio n o f p e r s o n a l
v i s i t , m a i l q u e s t i o n n a i r e , and te le phon e i n t e r v i e w f r o m e s ta b lis h m e n ts
p a r t i c i p a t i n g in the p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .

A s a m p l e o f the e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the s c op e o f the s u r v e y is
s e l e c t e d f o r study p r i o r to e a c h p e r s o n a l v i s i t s u r v e y .
T h is s a m p l e , l e s s
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ic h go out o f busin ess o r a r e no l o n g e r with in the in d u s tr i a l
s c o p e o f the s u r v e y , is r e t a i n e d f o r the f o llo w in g tw o annual s u r v e y s .
In
m o s t c a s e s , e s t a b l i s h m e n t s n e w to the a r e a a r e not c o n s i d e r e d in the scop e
o f the s u r v e y until the s e l e c t i o n o f a s a m p le f o r a p e r s o n a l v i s i t s u r v e y .
The
s a m p l i n g p r o c e d u r e s i n v o l v e d eta il ed s t r a t i f i c a t i o n o f all
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in the s c o p e o f an ind iv id u al a r e a s u r v e y by in d u s try
and n u m b e r o f e m p l o y e e s .
F r o m this s t r a t i f i e d u n i v e r s e a p r o b a b i l i t y
s a m p l e is s e l e c t e d , w i t h e a c h e s ta b lis h m e n t having a p r e d e t e r m i n e d chance
of selection.
T o ob ta in o p tim u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r
p r o p o r t i o n o f l a r g e than s m a l l e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e l e c t e d .
When data a r e
c o m b in e d , e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t is w e ig h te d a c c o r d in g to its p r o b a b i l i t y o f
s e l e c t i o n so th at un bia sed e s t i m a t e s a r e g en e ra ted .
F o r e x a m p l e , i f one
out o f f o u r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d , it is g iv e n a w e i g h t o f 4 to r e p r e s e n t
i t s e l f plus t h r e e o t h e r s .
A n a lte r n a te o f the same o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y is
cho se n in the s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n if data a r e not a v a ila b le
f r o m the o r i g i n a l s a m p l e m e m b e r .
I f no suitable substitute is a v a i l a b l e ,
ad d ition a l w e i g h t is a s s i g n e d to a s a m p le m e m b e r that is s i m i l a r to the
m i s s i n g unit.
1 Included in the 75 areas are 5 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas are
Akron, Ohio; Birmingham, A la .; N o rfolk —Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, V a .—N.C. ;
Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N . Y . ; and U tica—Rome, N .Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more
lim ited area studies in approxim ately 100 areas at the request o f the Employment Standards Administration of
the U. S. Department o f Labor.




O ccupation s and e a r n in g s
O ccupation s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f m a n u fa c ­
tu r in g and nonm anu fa cturin g in d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the fo l l o w i n g ty p es : (1)
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l; (3) m ain te n an c e , t o o l r o o m ,
and p o w e r p la n t; and (4) m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and custod ial.
Occupational
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b as e d on a u n i fo r m set o f job d e s c r i p t i o n s d e sig n e d to take
account o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in duties within the s am e job.
O ccup ation s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in appendix B.
U n les s o t h e r w i s e in d ic ate d , the e a r n in g s data f o l l o w i n g the job title s
a r e f o r all in d u s t r i e s com b in ed . E a r n in g s data f o r s o m e o f the occ up ations
l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e ind us try d iv is io n s within the scop e o f the
s u r v e y , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s b e ca u s e e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y ­
m en t in the oc c up atio n is to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e enough data to m e r i t p r e s e n ­
tation , o r (2) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f ind iv id u al e s ta b lis h m en t
data. S e p a r a te m e n 's and w o m e n ' s e a r n in g s data a r e not p r e s e n t e d when the
n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s not id e n ti f i e d by s e x is 20 p e r c e n t o r m o r e o f the m en
o r w o m e n i d e n t i f i e d in an occupation.
E a r n in g s data not shown s e p a r a t e l y
f o r in d u s try d i v i s i o n s a r e included in data f o r a l l in d u s tr ie s com bined.
L i k e w i s e , f o r occupations w it h m o r e than one l e v e l , data a r e included in
the o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n when a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is not shown o r i n fo rm a tio n
to s u b c l a s s i f y is not a v a i l a b l e .
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n in g s data a r e shown f o r f u l l - t i m e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , th os e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y schedule.
E arnings
data exc lud e p r e m i u m pay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k en d s, ho lid ays,
and late s h if ts .
N onp rod uctio n bonuses a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a l l o w a n c e s and in c e n t iv e bonuses a r e included.
W e e k l y hours f o r o f f i c e
c l e r i c a l and p r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n i c a l occupations r e f e r to the standard
w o r k w e e k (roun ded to the n e a r e s t ha lf hour) f o r w h ich e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e
r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f pay f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r
and/or p r e m i u m r a t e s ) .
A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n in g s f o r th ese occupations
a r e rounded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o l l a r . V e r t i c a l l in e s with in the d istr ib ution
o f w o r k e r s on s o m e A - t a b l e s in d ic ate a change in the s iz e o f the class
inte r v a l s .
T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f oc c u p atio n al e arn in g s in an a r e a
at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e .
C o m p a r i s o n s o f in d iv id u a l oc c u p atio n al a v e r a g e s o v e r
t i m e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c te d w a g e chan ges.
The a v e r a g e s f o r individual
jo b s a r e a f f e c t e d by changes in w a g e s and e m p l o y m e n t p atterns. F o r exam ple,
p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d by h ig h - o r l o w - w a g e f i r m s m a y change,
o r h i g h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y ad vance to b e t t e r job s and be r e p l a c e d by new
w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a te s .
Such shifts in e m p l o y m e n t could d e c r e a s e an
oc c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e e v e n though m o s t e s ta b l i s h m e n ts in an a r e a i n c r e a s e
w a g e s during the y e a r . Chan ges in e a r n i n g s o f oc c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s, shown in
tab le A - 7, a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e tr e n d s than a r e e a r n in g s changes f o r
in d iv id u a l job s within the g ro u p s.

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w i d e e s t i m a t e s . I n d u s tr ie s
and e s t a b lis h m e n ts d i f f e r in pay l e v e l and jo b s t a f f i n g , and thus con tr ib ute
d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b . P a y a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l am on g jo b s in i n d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .

E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g 2
C o m p u te r s y s te m s
a n a lys ts , c l a s s e s
A , B , and C
C o m p u te r p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C

A v e r a g e pay l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d oc c u p atio n s
should not be a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in pay o f the s e x e s with in
ind iv id u al e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
F a c t o r s w h ic h m a y c on trib u te to d i f f e r e n c e s
include p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d rate r a n g e s
(on ly the r a te s paid
incum bents a r e c o l l e c t e d ) and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c duties w it h in the
g e n e r a l s u r v e y jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s . Job d e s c r i p t i o n s used to c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s
in th es e s u r v e y s usually a r e m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d than th os e used in ind iv id u al
e s ta b lis h m e n ts and a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s am ong e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in
s p e c i f i c duties p e r f o r m e d .

In d u s t r i a l nu rses
R e g i s t e r e d in d u s tr ia l
n u rs e s
S k i l l e d m ainte n ance
C arpenters
E l e c t ricia ns

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in a l l e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c op e o f the study and not the n u m b e r a c tu a lly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o c c u p a tio n a l s t r u c t u r e s am on g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r , e s t i m a t e s o f
oc c u p atio n al e m p l o y m e n t ob ta in ed f r o m the s a m p le o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s studied
s e r v e only to in d ic a te the r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f the job s studied.
These
d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s t r u c tu r e do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y o f
the e a r n in g s data.

S k i l l e d m a i n te n a n c e —
Continued
P ain ters
M achin ists
M ech anics (m achinery)
M ech anics (m oto r ve h ic le )
P ip efitters
T o o l and die m a k e r s
U n s k i l l e d plant
J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and
c le a n e rs
M a t e r i a l handling l a b o r e r s

P e r c e n t changes f o r ind iv id u al a r e a s in the p r o g r a m a r e
as f o l l o w s :

c om pute d

1.

A v e r a g e e arn in g s a r e c om p u te d f o r e a c h oc c u p atio n f o r
the 2 y e a r s b e in g c o m p a r e d . T h e a v e r a g e s a r e d e r i v e d
f r o m e a r n in g s in th ose e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h i c h a r e in the
s u r v e y both y e a r s ; it is a s s u m e d that e m p l o y m e n t
r e m a in s unchanged.

2.

E ach occupation is a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d on its
p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n a l g ro u p in
the bas e y e a r .

3.

T h e s e w e ig h ts a r e used to c om p u te g ro u p a v e r a g e s .
E a c h oc c u p a tio n 's a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s ( c o m p u te d in step 1)
is m u ltip lie d by its w e ig h t.
T h e p ro d u c ts a r e t o t a l e d
to obtain a g ro u p a v e r a g e .

4.

T h e r a tio o f group a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s is
com pute d by d iv id in g the a v e r a g e f o r the c u r r e n t y e a r
b y the a v e r a g e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
The result—
e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t—- l e s s 100 is the p e r c e n t change.

W a g e tr e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l group s
T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s p r e s e n t e d in t a b le A - 7 a r e b a s e d on changes
in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f m e n and w o m e n in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s r e p o r t i n g
the tr e n d jo b s in both the c u r r e n t and p r e v i o u s y e a r ( m a tc h e d e s ta b lis h m e n ts ).
T h e data a r e ad ju sted to r e m o v e the e f f e c t on a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f e m p l o y ­
m ent shifts am on g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in c lu d e d
in s u r v e y s a m p l e s .
T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a r e s t i l l a f f e c t e d by
f a c t o r s o t h e r than w a g e i n c r e a s e s .
H i r i n g s , l a y o f f s , and t u r n o v e r m a y
a f f e c t an e s t a b l i s h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an o c c u p a tio n wh en w o r k e r s a r e paid
under plans p r o v i d i n g a range o f w a g e r a te s f o r i n d iv id u a l j o b s . In p e r i o d s
o f i n c r e a s e d h i r i n g , f o r e x a m p l e , n e w e m p l o y e e s m a y e n t e r at the b o tt o m
o f the r a n g e , d e p r e s s i n g the a v e r a g e withou t a change in w a g e r a t e s .

F o r a m o r e d e ta ile d d e s c r i p t i o n o f the m e t h o d used to com pute
th e s e w a g e t r e n d s , s ee " I m p r o v i n g A r e a W a g e S u r v e y I n d e x e s , " M on thly
L a b o r R e v i e w , January 1973, pp. 52-57.

T h e p e r c e n t changes r e l a t e to w a g e changes b e tw e e n the in d ic a te d
dates. When the t i m e span b e tw e e n s u r v e y s is o t h e r than 12 m o n th s , annual
ra te s a r e shown.
(It is a s s u m e d that w a g e s i n c r e a s e at a constant rate
b e tw e e n s u r v e y s . )

E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n ta r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s
T h e in c id e n c e o f s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y
w a g e p r o v i s i o n s is studied f o r f u l l - t i m e p r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s and
o f f i c e w o r k e r s . P r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s ( r e f e r r e d to h e r e a f t e r as
p ro d u c tio n w o r k e r s ) in clude w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s and all n o n s u p e r v i s o r y
w orkers
(in cludin g g ro u p l e a d e r s and t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in f a b r i c a t i n g ,
p r o c e s s i n g , a s s e m b l i n g , in s p e c tio n , r e c e i v i n g , s t o r a g e , handling, p a c k ­
in g , w a r e h o u s i n g , ship ping, m a in te n a n c e , r e p a i r , j a n i t o r i a l and g u a r d s e r ­
v i c e s , p ro d u c t d e v e l o p m e n t, a u x i l i a r y p r o d u c t i o n f o r p la n t 's o w n
use
( e . g . , p o w e r p l a n t) , and r e c o r d k e e p i n g and o t h e r s e r v i c e s c l o s e l y a s s o c i ­
ate d w ith the above p ro d u c tio n o p e r a t i o n s .
( C a f e t e r i a and route w o r k e r s

Occupations used to com pute w a g e t r e n d s a r e :
O ffic e c le r ic a l

O f f i c e c l e r i c a l — Continued

S ecretaries
Stenographers, gen eral
S ten ograph ers, sen ior
T y p is ts , classes
A and B
F ile c le rk s , classes A,
B , and C
M essengers
Sw itchboard op e r a to r s

O r d e r c le rk s , classes
A and B
A c c o u n tin g c l e r k s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
B ookkeepin g-m achin e
o p e r a to r s , class B
P a y r o ll clerks
K ey entry op era tors,
c l a s s e s A and B




^ The earnings of computer operators are not included in the w a ge trend computation tor this group.
A revised jo b description is being introduced in this survey which is not equivalent to the previous description.

24

a r e e x c lu d e d in m a n u f a c tu r in g in d u s tr ie s but included in n onm anu fa cturin g
in d u stries.)
In fin a n c e and i n s u r a n c e , no w o r k e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d to be
p ro d u c tio n w o r k e r s . O f f i c e w o r k e r s include w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s and all nonsu p ervisory w o rk e rs
(i nclu d in g lead w o r k e r s and t r a i n e e s ) p e r f o r m i n g
c l e r i c a l o r r e l a t e d o f f i c e functio ns in such d e p a rtm e n ts as accou nting,
a d v e r t i s i n g , p u r c h a s i n g , c o l l e c t i o n , c r e d i t , fin ance, l e g a l , p a y r o l l , p e r s o n n e l ,
s a l e s , i n d u s t r i a l r e l a t i o n s , pub lic r e l a ti o n s , e x e c u t i v e , o r t r a n s p o r ta t i o n .
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and p a r t - t i m e e m p l o y e e s as w e l l
as c o n s t r u c tio n w o r k e r s u t i l i z e d as s e p a ra t e w o r k f o r c e s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m
both the p r o d u c tio n and o f f i c e w o r k e r c a t e g o r i e s .
M i n i m u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s (table B - l ) . M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s
f o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s r e l a t e on ly to the e s ta b lis h m en ts v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e o f the
o p tim u m s a m p l i n g te c h n iq u e s used and the p r o b a b i l i ty that l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m en ts are m o r e l i k e l y than s m a l l e s ta b lis h m e n ts to have f o r m a l e n tr a n ce
r a te s above the s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l , the ta ble is m o r e r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f p o l i c i e s
in mediuny and l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
(T h e " X ' s " shown under sta ndard
w e e k l y ho ur s i n d ic a te that no m e a n in g fu l totals a r e a p p l i c a b l e . )
Shift d i f f e r e n t i a l s — m an u fac tu rin g (table B - 2 ) . Data w e r e c o l l e c t e d
on p o l i c i e s o f m a n u f a c tu r i n g e s ta b lis h m e n ts r e g a r d i n g pay d i f f e r e n t i a l s f o r
p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s on la te s hifts .
E s ta b lis h m en ts c o n s i d e r e d as having
p o l i c i e s a r e t h o s e w h ic h (1) ha ve p r o v i s i o n s in w r i t i n g c o v e r i n g the o p e r a tio n
o f late s h if ts , o r (2) have o p e r a t e d late shifts at any t i m e during the 12
m on ths p r e c e d i n g a s u r v e y . Wh en e s ta b lis h m e n ts have s e v e r a l d i f f e r e n t i a l s
w h ic h v a r y by j o b , the d i f f e r e n t i a l applyin g to the m a j o r i t y o f the p ro d u c tion
w o r k e r s is r e c o r d e d .
When e s ta b lis h m e n ts ha ve d i f f e r e n t i a l s which apply
o n ly to c e r t a i n ho ur s o f w o r k , the d i f f e r e n t i a l applying to the m a j o r i t y o f
the shift hours is r e c o r d e d .
F o r p u r p o s e s o f this study, a late shift is e i t h e r a s eco nd (e v e n i n g )
shift w h i c h ends at o r n e a r m idn ig h t o r a th ird (night) shift wh ich starts at
o r n e a r m id n ig h t.
D i f f e r e n t i a l s f o r se co n d and th ir d shifts are s u m m a r i z e d s e p a r a t e l y
f o r (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c i e s (an e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's d i f f e r e n t i a l s a r e w e ig h te d
by a l l p ro d u c tio n w o r k e r s in the e s ta b lis h m e n t at the t i m e o f the s u r v e y )
and (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e s (an e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's d i f f e r e n t i a l s a r e w e ig h te d by
p r o d u c ti o n w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d on the s p e c i f i e d shift at the t i m e o f the s u r v e y ) .
Sc h ed u le d w e e k l y h o urs; paid ho lid a ys ; paid v a c a t i o n s ; and h e a l t h ,
i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p l a n s . P r o v i s i o n s wh ic h apply to a m a j o r i t y o f the
p ro d u c tio n o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t ar e c o n s i d e r e d to apply to
a l l p r o d u c tio n o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in the e s ta b lis h m en t; a p r a c t i c e o r p r o v i s i o n
is c o n s i d e r e d n o n e x is te n t wh en it ap p li es to l e s s than a m a j o r i t y .
H o lid a y s ;
v a c a t i o n s ; and h e alth, i n s u r a n c e , and p ensio n plans a r e c o n s i d e r e d a p p lic a b le
to e m p l o y e e s c u r r e n t l y e l i g i b l e f o r the b e nefits as w e l l as to e m p l o y e e s who
w ill even tu ally b e co m e e lig ib le .

w r i t t e n f o r m o r e s t a b l i s h e d by c u s to m ). H olid a y s a r e included even though
in a p a r t i c u l a r y e a r th ey fa l l on a nonw ork d ay and e m p l o y e e s a r e not
g ran te d an oth er day off.
P a i d p e r s o n a l ho liday p lans, t y p i c a l l y found in
the a u to m o b ile and r e l a t e d i n d u s t r i e s , a r e included as paid ho lidays.
Data a r e tab ulate d to show the p e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s who (1) are
g ran ted s p e c i f i c n u m b e rs o f wh ole and half holidays and (2) ar e gran te d
specified
amounts o f to tal holi d ay t i m e
(whole and half holidays are
aggrega ted).
P a i d v ac a tio n s ( ta ble B - 5 ) .
E s ta b lis h m e n ts r e p o r t th eir method of
ca lc u la tin g v a c a tio n pay (tim e b a s i s , p e rc e n t of annual e a r n in g s , fla t- s u m
p a y m e n t, e t c . ) and the amount o f v a c a tio n pay gran te d .
Only b as ic f o r m a l
plans a r e r e p o r t e d . V a c a tio n b on uses, v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s plans, and ''exte nded''
o r '' s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e fits beyo nd b a s i c plans a r e excluded.
F o r tabula ting v a c a tio n pay g ran te d , all p r o v i s i o n s are e x p r e s s e d
on a t i m e b a s is .
V a c a ti o n pay c a lc u la te d on o t h e r than a tim e basis is
c o n v e r t e d to its e qu iv a le n t t i m e p e r i o d .
T w o p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s ,
f o r e x a m p l e , is ta b ula te d as 1 w e e k 's v a c a tio n pay.
A l s o , p r o v i s i o n s a f t e r eac h s p e c i f i e d length o f s e r v i c e are r e la te d
to a l l p ro d u c tion o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t r e g a r d l e s s of length of
s e r v i c e . V a c a ti o n plans c o m m o n l y p r o v i d e f o r a l a r g e r amount of vacatio n
pay as s e r v i c e length en s.
Counts o f p ro d u c tio n o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s by length
o f s e r v i c e w e r e not obtained.
T h e tabulation s of v a c a tio n pay gran te d
p r e s e n t , t h e r e f o r e , s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e s o f th es e p r o v i s i o n s rathe r than
p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s ac tu a lly r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e fits .
H ealth , i n s u r a n c e , and pe n s ion plans (ta b les B - 6 and B - 7 ) . Health,
in s u r a n c e , and pe n s ion plans in clude plans f o r which the e m p l o y e r pays
e i t h e r all o r p art o f the cost.
T h e cost m a y be (1) u n de rw ritte n by a
c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n ce com p any o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n i z a t i o n , (2) c o v e r e d by a
union fund to w h ic h the e m p l o y e r has c on trib uted , o r (3) b orne d i r e c t l y by
the e m p l o y e r out o f o p e r a ti n g funds o r a fund set asid e to c o v e r the cost.
A plan is included e v e n though a m a j o r i t y o f the e m p l o y e e s in an e s t a b l i s h ­
men t do not choose to p a r t i c i p a t e in it b e ca use th ey a r e r e q u ir e d to b e a r
p art o f its cost ( p r o v i d e d the c h o ice to p a r t i c i p a t e is a v a ila b le o r w i l l
e v e n tu a lly b e c o m e a v a i l a b l e to a m a j o r i t y ) .
L e g a l l y r e q u i r e d plans such as
s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t , w o r k e r s ' d i s a b i l i t y c om p en sation , and
t e m p o r a r y d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n ce 3 a r e e x clud ed .
3 T e m p o ra ry d is a b ility in su ran ce w h ich pro v id es b e n e fits to co v e re d w orkers d isa b le d by injury or illn ess
w h ich is not w o rk -c o n n e c te d is m an d ato ry u nder S ta te law s in C a lifo r n ia , N ew Je rse y , N ew Y o rk , and Rhode
Isla n d . E sta b lish m e n t plan s w h ich m e e t only th e le g a l re q u ire m e n ts a re e x c lu d e d fro m th ese d a ta , but those
under w h ich (1 ) e m p lo y ers co n trib u te m ore th an is le g a l ly requ ired o r (2 ) b en e fits e x c e e d those sp e c ifie d in the
S ta te la w are in c lu d e d .
In R h od e Isla n d , b e n e fits are p a id o ut of a S ta te fund to w hich only em p lo y e e s
co n trib u te . In e a c h o f the o th er th re e S ta te s, b e n e fits are p a id e ith er fro m a S ta te fund or through a p riv ate plan .
S ta te fun d fin an c in g :
In C a lifo r n ia , only e m p lo y e e s co n trib u te to the S ta te fund; in New Je rse y ,
e m p lo y e e s and e m p lo y ers co n trib u te; in N ew Y o rk , e m p lo y e e s co n trib u te up to a sp e c ifie d m a x im u m
and e m p lo y ers p a y th e d iffe re n c e b etw e en th e e m p lo y e e s' sh are and the to ta l co n trib u tio n requ ired.

S c h e duled w e e k l y hours and days (table B - 3 ) . Sch ed ule d w e e k l y
ho urs and days r e f e r to the n u m b e r o f hours and days p e r w e e k w h ic h f u l l ­
t i m e f i r s t (d a y ) shif t w o r k e r s a r e e x p e c te d to w o rk , w h e t h e r paid f o r at
s tr a ig h t-tim e or o v e r t im e rates.

P riv a te p la n fin an c in g :
In C a lifo r n ia and N ew Je rs e y , e m p lo y e e s can n o t be requ ired to co n trib ute
m o re th an they w ould if they w ere c o v e re d by th e S ta te fund; in N ew Y ork, e m p lo y e e s can a g re e
to co n trib u te m ore if th e S ta te ru les th a t the a d d itio n a l co n trib u tio n is co m m e n su ra te w ith the
b e n e fit p rov ided.

P a i d h o l i d a y s (tab le B - 4 ) . H oli d ay s a r e inclu ded i f w o r k e r s who
a r e not r e q u i r e d to w o r k a r e p aid f o r the t i m e off and th ose r e q u i r e d to
w o r k r e c e i v e p r e m i u m p ay o r c o m p e n s a t o r y ti m e off.
T h e y a r e in clud ed
on ly i f th ey a r e g r a n t e d annually on a f o r m a l b as is
( p r o v i d e d f o r in




F e d e r a l le g is la t io n ( R a ilro a d U n e m p lo y m e n t In suran ce A c t) p rov id es te m p o ra ry d isa b ility in su ran ce b en e fits
to ra ilro a d w orkers fo r illn e ss or in ju ry , w h eth er w o rk -c o n n e c te d or not.
T h e le g isla t io n re qu ires th a t em p lo y ers
b e a r the en tire c o st o f th e in su ran ce.

25

L i f e in s u r a n c e in clu des f o r m a l plans p r o v i d i n g i n d e m n ity (usuall y
th rough an in s u r a n c e p o l i c y ) in c a s e o f death o f the c o v e r e d w o r k e r .
In f o r m a t i o n is a l s o p r o v i d e d in ta b le B - 7 on ty p es o f l i f e i n s u r a n ce plans
and the amount o f c o v e r a g e ip a l l in d u s t r i e s c o m b in e d and in m an u fac tu rin g.
A c c i d e n t a l death and d i s m e m b e r m e n t i n s u r a n c e is l i m i t e d to plans
w h ich p r o v i d e b e n e f i t p a y m e n ts in c a s e o f death o r lo s s o f l i m b o r sight as a
d i r e c t r e s u lt o f an a ccid en t.
Sic k n e s s and ac c id en t in s u r a n c e in c lu d e s on ly th ose plans which
p r o v i d e that p r e d e t e r m i n e d cash p ay m ents be m ad e d i r e c t l y to e m p l o y e e s
who lo s e t i m e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f i l l n e s s o r i n j u r y , e . g . , $ 50 a w e e k
f o r up to 26 w e e k s o f d is a b i l i t y .
Sic k l e a v e plans a r e l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p l a n s 4 which p r o v i d e f o r
continuing an e m p l o y e e ' s pay durin g ab s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e ca u s e o f i l l n e s s .
Data c o l l e c t e d d is tin g u is h b e tw e e n (1) plans w h ic h p r o v i d e full pay w ith no
w a itin g p e r i o d , and (2) plans w h ich e i t h e r p r o v i d e p a r t i a l pay o r r e q u i r e a
w a it in g p e r i o d .
L o n g - t e r m d i s a b i l i t y in s u r a n c e plans p r o v i d e p a y m e n ts to t o t a l l y
d is a b led e m p l o y e e s upon the e x p i r a t i o n o f t h e i r paid s ic k l e a v e and/or s i c k ­
ne s s and ac c id en t in s u r a n c e , o r a f t e r a p r e d e t e r m i n e d p e r i o d o f d i s a b i l i t y
( t y p i c a l l y 6 m o n th s ). P a y m e n t s a r e m a d e until the end o f the d i s a b i l i t y , a
m axim um age, o r e lig ib ility fo r r etire m en t b en efits.
F u ll o r partial p ay ­
m en ts a r e a l m o s t a lw a ys re d u c e d by s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , w o r k e r s ' d i s a b i l i t y
c om p en s atio n , and p r i v a t e p e n s ion b e n e f its p ay ab le to the d is a b led e m p l o y e e .
H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , s u r g i c a l , and m e d i c a l i n s u r a n ce plans r e p o r t e d
in th ese s u r v e y s p r o v i d e fu ll o r p a r t i a l p a y m e n t f o r b a s i c s e r v i c e s r e n d e r e d .
H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n in s u ran ce c o v e r s h o s p ita l r o o m and b o a r d and m a y c o v e r
o t h e r h o s p ita l e x p e n s e s . S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n ce c o v e r s s u r g e o n s ' f e e s . M e d i c a l
in s u ran ce c o v e r s d o c t o r s ' f e e s f o r h o m e , o f f i c e , o r h o s p it al c a l l s .
Plans
r e s t r i c t e d to p o s t - o p e r a t i v e m e d i c a l c a r e o r a d o c t o r ' s c a r e f o r m i n o r
ail m e n ts at a w o r k e r ' s p l a c e o f e m p l o y m e n t a r e not c o n s i d e r e d to be
m e d i c a l in s u r a n c e .
M a j o r m e d i c a l in s u r a n c e c o v e r a g e ap p lie s to s e r v i c e s w h ic h go
beyo nd the b a s i c s e r v i c e s c o v e r e d un der h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , s u r g i c a l , and
m e d i c a l in s u r a n c e .
M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e t y p i c a l l y (1) r e q u i r e s that a
" d e d u c t i b l e " ( e . g . , $ 5 0 ) be m e t b e f o r e b e n e fits b e gin , (2) has a c oin s u ra n c e
fe a tu r e that r e q u i r e s the i n s u r e d to pay a p o r ti o n ( e . g . , 20 p e r c e n t ) o f
c e r t a i n e x p e n s e s , and (3) has a s p e c i f i e d d o l l a r m a x i m u m o f b e n e fits ( e . g . ,
$ 10, 000 a y e a r ) .
D enta l in s u r a n c e plans p r o v i d e n o r m a l dental s e r v i c e b e n e f i t s ,
usually f o r f i l l i n g s , e x t r a c t i o n s , and X - r a y s .
P la n s w h ic h p r o v i d e b e n e fits
only f o r o r a l s u r g e r y o r r e p a i r i n g ac c id e n t d am age a r e not r e p o r t e d .
R e t i r e m e n t p ensio n plans p r o v i d e f o r r e g u l a r p ay m ents to the
retire e for life.
In clu ded a r e d e f e r r e d p r o f i t - s h a r i n g plans w h ic h p r o v i d e
the optio n o f p u r ch a s in g a l i f e t i m e annuity.
4 An establishment is considered as having a form al plan if it specifies at least the minimum number
o f days o f sick leave available to each em ployee.
Such a plan need not be written, but informal sick leave
allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.




Labor-m anagem ent agreem en t c o v e ra ge
T h e f o l l o w i n g tabula tion shows the p e r c e n t o f f u l l - t i m e p r o d u c tio n
and o f f i c e w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d in e s ta b l i s h m e n ts in the T r e n t o n a r e a in wh ich
a union c o n tr a c t or c o n tra cts c o v e r e d a m a j o r i t y o f the w o r k e r s in the
r e s p e c t i v e c a t e g o r i e s , S e p te m b e r 1978:
P r o d u c ti o n and
related w o r k e r s

O ffice w o r k e r s

77
86
59
97

11
7
15
92

A l l in d u s trie s
Manufa ct uring
.......
N onm anufactu rin g
P u b lic u t i l i t ie s .....

A n e s ta b lis h m en t is c o n s i d e r e d to h a ve a c o n t r a c t c o v e r i n g a l l
p ro d u c tion o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s i f a m a j o r i t y o f such w o r k e r s is c o v e r e d by
a lab or-m anagem en t agreem ent.
T h e r e f o r e , a l l oth e r p ro d u c tio n o r o f f i c e
w o r k e r s a r e e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts that e i t h e r do not ha ve l a b o r m an a g e m e n t c on tra cts in e f fe c t , o r h a ve c o n t r a c t s that ap p ly to f e w e r than
ha lf o f t h e i r prod uction o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
E s t i m a t e s a r e not n e c e s s a r i l y
r e p r e s e n t a t i v e of the extent to whic h a l l w o r k e r s in the a r e a m a y be c o v e r e d
by the p r o v i s i o n s of l a b o r - m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t s , b e c a u s e s m a l l e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n ts a r e exc luded and the in d u s t r i a l s c o p e o f the s u r v e y is l i m i t e d .

Ind ustria l c o m p o s i t i o n in m an u fa c tu rin g
A l m o s t t h r e e - f i f t h s of the w o r k e r s w ith in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y
in the T r e n t o n a r e a w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u fa c tu rin g f i r m s .
The follow ing
p r e s e n t s the m a j o r in d ustr y gro up s and s p e c i f i c in d u s tr i e s as a p e r c e n t of
a l l m anufactu rin g:
Indus try gro up s
E l e c t r i c and e l e c t r o n i c
e q u i p m e n t ____________________
M a c h i n e r y , e xc e p t
e l e c t r i c a l ____________________
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s __
P r i n t i n g and p u b l i s h i n g ______
C h e m i c a l s and a l l i e d
p r o d u c t s ______________________
R u b b er and m i s c e l l a n e o u s
p l a s t i c s products ___________
Ston e, c l a y , and g las s
p r o d u c t s ______________________

S p e c i f i c in d u s tr i e s

21
14
14
10
10
9

C u t l e r y , handto ols ,
and h a r d w a r e ________________ 11
B ook s ___________________________
6
E n g i n e s and t u r b i n e ___________
6
E l e c t r i c li g h ti n g and
w i r i n g e q u i p m e n t ___________
6
R u b b e r and p l a s t i c s
h o s e and b e l t i n g _____________
5
R e f r i g e r a t i o n and
s e r v i c e m a c h i n e r y __________
5
C o m m u n i c a t i o n e qu ip m en t ___
5

5

T h is in f o r m a t i o n is b ased on e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t d e r i v e d
f r o m u n i v e r s e m a t e r i a l s c o m p i l e d b e f o r e a c tu a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in
v a r i o u s in d u s try d iv is io n s m a y d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d on the r e s u l t s
of the s u r v e y as shown in appendix t a b le 1.

A ppendix ta b le 1. E stablishm ents and w orkers w ith in scope of survey and num ber studied in T renton, N .J .,1 Septem ber 1978
W o r k e r s in e s t a b li s h m e n t s

N u m b er of establishm ents

Industry d iv is io n 2

M inim um
em ploym ent
in e s t a b li s h ­
ment s in scop e
of study

W it h in s c o p e o f study
W it h in s c o p e
o f st u dy 3

Studied
Total4

Studied
Number

ALL

DIVISIONS

241

------------------------------------------------------

-------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------------TRANSP OR TAT ION , COMMUNICATION, AND
OTHER PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S ’ -----------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------R E T A IL TRADE
FI N A N C E , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l ESTATE
------------S E R V IC E S 7 -----------------------------------------------------------------m anu factur ing

T otal4

55,286

100

26*812

10,620

37.340

56
44

17* 968
8* 844

4* 879
5 * 74 1

21.923
15.417

7
3
12
7
16

2,150
>
c° >
<6 )

855
<n
<•»
< i
< •>»

3.668
456
3 *2 90
2 *5 4 6
5.457

“

96
14 5

3R
57

50
50
50
50
50

11
21
48
15
50

9
5
15
6
22

3 *8 31
1*66 1
6*508
3,662
8 *6 9 2

1 T h e T r e n t o n St a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t is t i c a l A r e a , as d ef i n e d by the O f f i c e of M a n a g e m e n t
and B u d g e t t h r o u g h F e b r u a r y 1974, c o n s i s t s of M e r c e r County.
T h e " w o r k e r s w i t h i n s c o p e of
stu dy " e s t i m a t e s sh ow n in th is t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f the s i z e and
c o m p o s i t i o n o f the la b o r f o r c e i n c l u d e d in the s u r v e y .
E s t i m a t e s a r e not in te n d ed , h o w e v e r , f o r
c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s to m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t tr en d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e ( 1 ) planning
o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s e s t a b l i s h m e n t data c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f the p a y r o l l p e r i o d
s tu d ie d , and (2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e xc lu d ed f r o m the sc op e o f the s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1972 e d it io n o f the St a n d a r d I n d u s t ri a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s us e d to c l a s s i f y
establishm ents by industry d ivision.
H o w e v e r , a l l g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m the
s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
3 In cl u d es a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h to ta l e m p l o y m e n t at o r ab o v e the m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n . A l l
o u tl e ts ( w i t h in the a r e a ) of c o m p a n i e s in in d u s t r ie s such as t r a d e , fi n a n c e, auto r e p a i r s e r v i c e , and
m o t i o n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d as one es t a b l is h m en t .




F ull-tim e
office w o rk e rs

95

3 O t 932
24* 354

50

Pe rcent

Full-tim e
p ro d u c ti o n and
related w o rk e rs

1

4 In clu des e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , p a r t - t i m e , and o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m the s e p a r a te
p r o d u c t i o n and o f f i c e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 A b b r e v i a t e d to " p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s " in the A - and B - s e r i e s t a b le s . T a x i c a b s and s e r v i c e s
i n c i d e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n a r e e x c lu d e d .
6 S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f data is not m a d e f o r this d i v is i o n .
7 H o t e l s and m o t e l s ; l a u n d r i e s and o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; au to m o b i le
r e p a i r , re n t a l , and p a r k in g ; m o t i o n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f it m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s (e x c lu d in g r e l i g i o u s
and c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; and e n g i n e e r i n g and a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

27

Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g job d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r the
B u re a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s is to a s s i s t its f i e l d s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g into
a p p r o p r i a t e oc c u p atio n s w o r k e r s who a r e e m p l o y e d un der a v a r i e t y o f
p a y r o l l t i t l e s and d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s ta b l i s h m e n t to
e s ta b lis h m e n t and f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h i s p e r m i t s the g ro u p in g of
oc c u p atio n al w a g e ra te s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e jo b content.
Because
o f this e m p h a s i s on i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t and i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y
o f o c c u p a tio n a l content, the B u r e a u 's j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g ­
n if i c a n tl y f r o m th o s e in use in in d iv id u a l e s ta b l i s h m e n ts o r th os e p r e ­
pared fo r other purposes.
In ap p lyin g th es e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , the
B u r e a u 's f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e in s t r u c t e d to e x c lu d e w o r k i n g s u p e r ­
v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; and p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .
Handicapped w o r k e r s
wh ose e a r n i n g s a r e r ed u c e d b e ca u s e o f t h e i r
handicap a r e a ls o e x c lu d e d . L e a r n e r s , b e g i n n e r s , and t r a i n e e s , un less
s p e c i f i c a l l y in c lu d e d in the jo b d e s c r i p t i o n , a r e e x clud ed .

Office
S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

SECRETARY

E x c l u s i o n s — Continued

A s s i g n e d as a p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y to one in d iv id u a l.
M aintain s a c l o s e and h ig h ly r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p to the d a y - t o - d a y a c t i v ­
i t i e s o f the s u p e r v i s o r . W o r k s f a i r l y in d e p e n d e n tly r e c e i v i n g a m i n i m u m o f
d e ta ile d s u p e r v i s i o n and gu id an c e . P e r f o r m s v a r i e d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l
duties r e q u i r i n g a k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e routine and u ndersta nding o f the
o r g a n i z a t i o n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to the w o r k o f the s u p e r v i s o r .

a.
b.




S t e n o g ra p h e rs s e r v i n g as o f f i c e a s s is ta n t s
f e s s i o n a l , te c h n ic a l, o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ;

d.

Not a l l p o s i t i o n s that a r e t i t l e d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the above
c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p l e s o f p o s i t i o n s w h ic h a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the d e fin itio n
a r e as f o l l o w s :

S t e n o g ra p h e rs not fu lly t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l - t y p e d uties;

c.

E xclusio ns

P o s i t i o n s wh ich do not
d e s c r i b e d ab ove;

m e e t the

"p erso n al"

A s s i s t a n t - t y p e positions w h ic h e n ta il m o r e d i f f i c u l t o r m o r e r e ­
s p on s ib le t e c h n ic a l, a d m i n i s t r a t i v e , o r s u p e r v i s o r y duties w h ich
a r e not ty p ica l- of s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k , e . g . , A d m i n i s t r a t i v e A s s i s t ­
ant, o r E x e c u t i v e A s s i s t a n t ;

L i s t e d b e l o w a r e s e v e r a l oc c u p atio n s f o r w h ic h r e v i s e d d e s c r ip tio n s o r t i t l e s a r e b e in g in t r o d u c e d
in this s u r v e y :
Guard
S h ip per and r e c e i v e r
(p reviou sly su rvey ed
as shipping and
receiving clerk )
T ru ckd river

O r d e r clerk
P a y r o ll clerk
Secretary
K e y entry op e ra tor
T r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e t y p is t
Com puter op e ra tor

T h e B u r e a u has d is co ntin u e d c o l l e c t i n g data f o r t a b u la tin g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r .
c l a s s i f i e d as w a t c h m e n a r e now c l a s s i f i e d as guards un der the r e v i s e d d e s c r ip tio n .

28

W o rk ers p reviou sly

secretary

to a g ro u p

con cept

of p ro ­

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

E x c l u s i o n s — Continued

C l a s s i f i c a t i o n by L e v e l — Continued

e.

P o s i t i o n s w h ich do not fit any o f the situations l i s t e d in the
s e c t i o n s b e l o w t i t l e d ' ' L e v e l o f S u p e r v i s o r , " e . g . , s e c r e t a r y to the
p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in all , o v e r 5 ,00 0 p e r s o n s ;

f.

T ra in ees.

C l a s s i f i c a t i o n by L e v e l

e.

S e c r e t a r y to the c h a i r m a n o f the b o a r d or p r e s i d e n t of a com p any
that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5,000 p e rs on s ; or
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r than the c hairm an of
the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a com pany that e m p l o y s , in all,
o v e r 5, 000 but f e w e r than 25, 000 p e r s o n s ; or

c.

S e c r e t a r y jo b s w h ic h m e e t the above c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s a r e m a tc h e d at
on e o f f i v e l e v e l s a c c o r d i n g to (a) the l e v e l o f the s e c r e t a r y ' s s u p e r v i s o r
w ith in the c o m p a n y 's o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s tr u c tu r e and, (b) the l e v e l o f the
s e c r e t a r y ' s r e s p o n s i b i l i t y . T h e c hart f o llo w in g the explanations o f th es e two
f a c t o r s i n d i c a te s the l e v e l o f the s e c r e t a r y f o r eac h c om b in atio n o f the
fa c to rs .

a.

b.

LS—4

S e c r e t a r y to the head o f a l a r g e and i m p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a ti o n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d l e m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i ­
z a t io n a l s e g m e n t often i n v o l v i n g as m any as s e v e r a l hundred
p e r s o n s ) o f a com pany that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 25,000 p e rs o n s .

S e c r e t a r y to the head, i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r
l e v e l , o f a m a j o r s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a com pany that
e m p l o y s , in all, o v e r 2 5 ,0 00 p e r s o n s .

L e v e l o f S e c r e t a r y ' s S u p e r v i s o r (L S )
S e c r e t a r i e s should be m a tc h e d at one o f the four LS l e v e l s d e s c r i b e d
b e l o w a c c o r d i n g to th e l e v e l o f the s e c r e t a r y ' s s u p e r v i s o r w ith in the com pany
org a n iza tion a l structure.
LS—1

S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v i s o r o r head o f a s m a l l
unit ( e . g . , f e w e r than about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r

b.

LS—2

a.

organization al

S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s ta f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l
e m p l o y e e , a d m i n i s t r a t i v e o f f i c e r o r as s is tan t, s k i l l e d t e c h n ic ia n
o r expert.
(N O T E :
Many
com p anie s a s s ig n s t e n o g r a p h e r s ,
r a t h e r than s e c r e t a r i e s as d e s c r i b e d ab ove, to this l e v e l o f
s u p e rv is o r y o r n on su pervisory w o rk e r.)

a.

S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h os e r e s p o n ­
s i b i l i t y is not e q u iv a le n t to one o f the s p e c i f i c l e v e l situations in
the d e fi n i t i o n f o r L S —
3, but wh os e o r g a n i z a t i o n a l unit n o r m a l l y
n u m b e r s at l e a s t s e v e r a l doze n e m p l o y e e s and is usuall y d iv id e d
into o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n ts wh ic h a r e ofte n , in turn, f u r t h e r
s u b d ivid e d . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , this l e v e l in c lu d e s a w id e range
o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , only one o r tw o ; or

b.

LS—3

S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an ind iv id u al plant, f a c t o r y , e t c . , ( o r
o t h e r e q u i v a l e n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a ll, f e w e r
than 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

a.

S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a i r m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a com p any
that e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.

L e v e l o f S e c r e t a ry 's Responsibility (L R )
T h i s f a c t o r e v a lu a te s the nature o f the w o r k r ela tio n sh ip betw een
the s e c r e t a r y and the s u p e r v i s o r , and the exte n t to w h ich the s e c r e t a r y is
e x p e c t e d to e x e r c i s e in i t i a t i v e and jud g m ent. S e c r e t a r i e s should be m atc hed
at L R —1 o r L R —2 d e s c r i b e d b e l o w a c c o r d i n g to t h e i r l e v e l o f r e s p o n s ib ilit y .

S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r than c h a i r m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a com pany that e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 100
but f e w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

c.

N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r " used in the above LS d e f ­
in it ion r e f e r s to th os e o f f i c i a l s who have a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e w i d e p o l i c y ­
m a k in g r o l e w ith r e g a r d to m a j o r com p any a c t i v i t i e s .
T h e title " v i c e
p r e s i d e n t , " though n o r m a l l y in d i c a t i v e o f this r o l e , does not in all c ases
i d e n t i f y such p o s itio n s . V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is to
act p e r s o n a l l y on in d iv id u a l c as e s o r tr a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , ap p ro v e o r deny
in d iv id u a l loan o r c r e d i t a c tio n s ; a d m i n i s t e r ind iv id u al tr u s t accounts; d i ­
r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s ta f f ) a r e not c o n s i d e r e d to be " c o r p o r a t e
o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s es o f ap plying the d e fin ition .

S e c r e t a r y to th e head ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e low the o f f i c e r l e v e l ) o v e r
e i t h e r a m a j o r c o r p o r a t e w i d e functional a c t i v i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g ,
r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , in d u s tr i a l r e l a t i o n s , e t c . ) o r a m a j o r
g eo g ra p h ic o r o rga n iza tio n a l segm ent (e.g., a region al headqu ar­
t e r s ; a m a j o r d i v i s i o n ) o f a com pany that e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
o v e r 5, 000 but f e w e r than 25,000 e m p l o y e e s ; o r

d.

S e c r e t a r y to th e head o f
(o r o th er equivalent le v e l
o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r




L e v e l o f R e s p o n s i b i l i t y 1 ( L R —1)
P e r f o r m s v a r i e d s e c r e t a r i a l duties including o r c o m p a r a b le to m os t
o f the fo l l o w i n g :
a.

A n s w e r s te le p h o n e s ,
c o m in g m a i l .

b.

A n s w e r s te le p h o n e r e q u e s t s w h ich have s ta n dard a n sw er s .
r e p l y to r e q u e s t s b y sending a f o r m l e t t e r .

c.

R e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , and r e p o r ts p r e p a r e d by
o t h e rs f o r the s u p e r v i s o r ' s s ig n a tu r e to e n s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and
typ ograp h ica l accuracy.

d.

M ain tains s u p e r v i s o r ' s
in s tr u c te d .

e.

T y p e s , takes and t r a n s c r i b e s d ic ta tio n , and f i l e s .

an in d iv id ual pla nt, f a c t o r y , e t c . ,
o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a l l ,

29

greets

person al

calendar

and

c a lle rs ,

makes

and

opens

appointments

in ­

M ay

as

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

S T E N O G R A P H E R — Continued

L e v e l o f R e s p o n s i b i l i t y 2 ( L R —2)

S t e n o g ra p h e r, S e n io r

P e r f o r m s duties d e s c r i b e d un der L R —1 and, in ad d ition p e r f o r m s
ta sks r e q u i r i n g g r e a t e r ju d g m e n t , i n i t i a t i v e , and k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e functions
including o r c o m p a r a b l e to m o s t o f the f o l lo w in g :
a.

S c r e e n s te le p h o n e and p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , d e t e r m i n i n g w h ic h can
b e ha ndled b y the s u p e r v i s o r ' s s u b ord in ate s o r o t h e r o f f i c e s .

b.

A n s w e r s r e q u e s t s w h ich r e q u i r e a d e ta ile d k n o w le d g e o f o f ­
fic e p ro c ed u r e s o r collection of inform ation fr o m files o r
other o ffic e s.
M a y sig n routine c o r r e s p o n d e n c e in own o r
s u p e r v i s o r ' s na me.

c.

C o m p i l e s o r a s s i s t s in c o m p i l i n g p e r i o d i c
o f g e n e r a l in s tr u c tio n s .

d.

Sch ed u le s te n t a t i v e appointm ents without p r i o r c l e a r a n c e .
As­
s e m b l e s n e c e s s a r y b a c k gr o u n d m a t e r i a l f o r s c h e d u le d m e e t i n g s .
M a k e s a r r a n g e m e n t s f o r m e e t i n g s and c o n f e r e n c e s .

e.

D icta tion i n v o l v e s a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y
such as in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r ts on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h . M a y a ls o set up
and m a in ta in f i l e s , k e ep r e c o r d s , etc.

E x p la in s s u p e r v i s o r ' s r e q u i r e m e n t s to o t h e r e m p l o y e e s in s u p e r ­
v i s o r ' s unit. ( A l s o t y p e s , ta kes d ic ta tio n , and f i l e s . )

r e p o r t s on the b a s is

T h e f o l l o w i n g tabula tion shows the l e v e l o f the s e c r e t a r y f o r eac h
LS and L R c om b ination:

L e v e l of s e c r e ta r y 's
______ s u p e r v i s o r

P e r f o r m s s te n o gr ap h ic duties r e q u i r i n g s i g n i f i c a n t l y g r e a t e r i n ­
dependence and r e s p o n s i b i l i t y than s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l , as e v i d e n c e d by
the fo l l o w i n g :
W o rk r e q u i r e s a high d e g r e e o f s te n o g r a p h ic s p ee d and
a c c u r a c y ; a thorough w o r k i n g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s and o f f i c e p r o ­
c e d u re ; and o f the s p e c i f i c b u s iness o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t i o n , p o l i c i e s ,
p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s , w o r k f l o w , etc. U s e s this k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o ­
g r a p h ic duties and r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l ta s k s such as m ain ta in in g f o l l o w ­
up f i l e s ; a s s e m b lin g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d a , and l e t t e r s ; c o m ­
p os in g s i m p l e l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l in s tr u c ti o n s ; r e a d i n g and routing in c o m i n g
m a i l ; and a n sw er in g routine qu e s tio n s , e tc .

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E T Y P IS T
P r i m a r y duty is to type copy o f v o i c e r e c o r d e d d ic tatio n w h ich does
not i n v o l v e v a r i e d te c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y such as that used in
l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o rts on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h . M a y a ls o typ e f r o m w r i t t e n
copy. M a y main ta in f i l e s , keep s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y
routine c l e r i c a l tasks.
(See S t e n o g r a p h e r d e fin itio n f o r w o r k e r s i n v o l v e d
w ith shorthand dic ta tion.)

L e v e l of s e c r e t a r y 's respon sibility
TYP IS T
L R —1

LS—3" _______________________________________
LS—
4_________________________________________

OR

C la s s
C la s s
C la s s
C la s s

E
D
C
B

L R —2
C la s s
C la s s
C la s s
C lass

U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r to mak e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s o r to m ak e
out b i l l s a f t e r calculations have been m a d e by an oth er p e r s o n . M a y include
ty ping o f s te n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s f o r use in duplic ating
processes.
M ay do c l e r i c a l w o r k i n v o l v i n g l i t t l e s p e c i a l t r a i n i n g , such
as k e ep in g s im p le r e c o r d s , f i l i n g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g and
d is trib u t in g in c o m in g m a i l .

D
C
B
A

C la s s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : T y p i n g m a t e r i a l
in f in a l f o r m when it i n v o l v e s com b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e llin g , s y l l a b i c a t i o n , punctuation, e t c . , o f t e c h ­
n i c a l o r unusual w o r d s o r f o r e i g n lan gua ge m a t e r i a l ; o r planning layou t
and ty ping o f c o m p l i c a te d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b le s to m a in ta in u n i f o r m i t y and
b a la n ce in spacing.
M a y ty pe routin e f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y i n g d e ta ils to suit
circum stances.

STENOGRAPHER
P r i m a r y duty is to take d ic ta tio n using sho rthand, and to t r a n s c r i b e
the d ictatio n.
M a y a ls o typ e f r o m w r i t t e n copy.
May operate fro m a
s te n o g r a p h ic p oo l.
M ay o c c a s io n a lly tr a n s c r ib e fr o m v o ic e reco rd in g s (if
p r i m a r y duty is t r a n s c r i b i n g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s , s e e T r a n s c r i b i n g - M a c h i n e
T y pis t).

C la s s B . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : C op y typing f r o m
rou gh o r c l e a r d ra fts; o r routine ty p ing o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e tc .;
o r se tting up s im p le standa rd tab u la tio n s; o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p l e x t a b le s
a l r e a d y set up and sp ac ed p r o p e r l y .

N O T E : T h is j o b is d is tin g u is h e d f r o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a l l y w o r k s in a c o n fid e n t ia l r e l a t i o n s h i p w ith o n ly one m a n a g e r
o r e x e c u ti v e and p e r f o r m s m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e and d i s c r e t i o n a r y tasks as
d e s c r i b e d in the s e c r e t a r y jo b d e fin it io n .

F IL E CLERK
Stenographer, General

k eep

F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r i a l in an e s t a b l i s h e d f i l i n g
s y s t e m . M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and m anua l tasks r e q u i r e d to m a in ta in f i l e s .
P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d into l e v e l s on the b a s is o f the f o l l o w i n g d e fin itio n s .

D ic ta tio n i n v o l v e s a n o r m a l routine v o c a b u l a r y . M a y m ain ta in f i l e s ,
s im p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y routine c l e r i c a l ta s k s .




30

F I L E C L E R K — Con tinued

O R D E R C L E R K — Continued

C l a s s A . C l a s s i f i e s and in dexes f i l e m a t e r i a l such as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n i c a l d oc u m e n ts , e tc ., in an e s ta b l i s h e d f i l i n g s y s t e m
con ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d subject m a t t e r f i l e s .
M a y als o f i l e this
m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s types in conjunction w ith the f i l e s .
M a y lead a s m a ll group o f lo w e r le v e l file clerks.

ad equacy o f i n f o r m a t i o n r e c o r d e d ; a s c e r t a i n i n g c r e d i t rating o f c u s to m e r;
fu r n is h in g c u s t o m e r w ith ac k n o w le d g e m e n t o f r e c e i p t o f o r d e r ; f o l l o w i n g - u p
to s ee that o r d e r is d e l i v e r e d by the s p e c i f i e d date o r to let c u s to m e r know
o f a d e la y in d e l i v e r y ; m ain ta in in g o r d e r f i l e ; check ing shipping i n v o ic e
ag ain s t o r i g i n a l o r d e r .

C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c la s s if ie d m a t e r i a l by s i m p l e
(s u b j e c t m a t t e r ) he ad in gs o r p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l by f i n e r subheadings.
P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d in d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e aid s.
A s re q u e s t e d ,
l o c a t e s c l e a r l y i d e n t i f i e d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l . M ay p e r ­
f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l ta s k s r e q u i r e d to m ain ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

E x c lu d e w o r k e r s paid on a c o m m i s s i o n b a s is o r whose duties include
any o f the f o l l o w i n g : R e c e i v i n g o r d e r s f o r s e r v i c e s r a t h e r than f o r m a t e r i a l
o r m e r c h a n d i s e ; p r o v i d i n g c u s to m e r s with c o n s u lta tiv e a d v i c e using k n o w l­
ed ge g a in e d f r o m e n g i n e e r i n g o r e x t e n s i v e te c h n ic a l trainin g; e m p h a s izin g
s e l l i n g s k i l l s ; ha ndling m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d i s e as an i n t e g r a l p art o f the job.

C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s routine f i l i n g o f m a t e r i a l that has a l r e a d y been
c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ic h is e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s im p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
s y s te m (e .g ., alph a betical, ch ron olog ical, o r n u m erica l).
As
requested,
l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l ; and m a y
f i l l out w i t h d r a w a l c h a r g e . M a y p e r f o r m s im p le c l e r i c a l and manual tasks
r e q u i r e d to m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

Positio n s
d e fin it io n s :

are

c la s s ifie d

into

levels

according

to

the

fo llo w in g

C la s s A . H an dles o r d e r s that i n v o l v e m aking judgments such as
ch o os in g w h ic h s p e c i f i c p ro d uct o r m a t e r i a l f r o m the e s ta b l i s h m e n t's product
lin e s w i l l s a t i s f y the c u s t o m e r ' s n e e d s , o r d e t e r m i n i n g the p r i c e to be quoted
when p r i c i n g i n v o l v e s m o r e than m e r e l y r e f e r r i n g to a p r i c e lis t o r making
s o m e s i m p l e m a t h e m a t i c a l ca lc u la tio n s .

MESSENGER

C l a s s B . H an dles o r d e r s in v o l v i n g i t e m s whic h have r e a d i l y id e n ­
t i f i e d uses and ap p lic a tio n s . M a y r e f e r to a ca ta lo g, m a n u f a c t u r e r 's manual,
o r s i m i l a r docum ent to in s u r e that p r o p e r i t e m is supplied o r to v e r i f y
p r i c e o f o r d e r e d i te m .

P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s routine duties such as running e r r a n d s , o p e r a tin g
m i n o r o f f i c e m a c h i n e s such as s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , opening and d is trib u tin g
m a i l , and o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E xclu d e p osit io ns that r e q u i r e o p e r a tio n
o f a m o t o r v e h i c l e as a s i g n i f i c a n t duty.

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e ac cou nting c l e r i c a l tasks such as posting to
r e g i s t e r s and l e d g e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g bank accounts; v e r i f y i n g the in tern a l c on­
s i s t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , and m a t h e m a t i c a l a c c u r a c y o f accounting documents;
a s s ig n in g p r e s c r i b e d accounting d is trib u t io n c od e s ; e xa m in in g and v e r i f y i n g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r i o u s ty p es o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c alc u latio n s , postin g,
e tc . ; o r p r e p a r i n g s i m p l e o r a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r i n g m o r e c o m p l i c a te d jou rn al
vouchers.
M a y w o r k in e i t h e r a m anual o r au tom ated accounting s y s te m .

O p e r a t e s a te l e p h o n e s w itc h b o a rd o r c on so le used w ith a p r i v a t e
b r a n c h e x c h a n g e ( P B X ) s y s t e m to r e l a y i n c o m in g , outgoing, and i n t r a s y s t e m
calls.
M a y p r o v i d e i n f o r m a t i o n to c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and t r a n s m i t m e s s a g e s ,
k e e p r e c o r d o f c a l l s p l a c e d and t o l l c h a r g e s . B e s i d e s o p e r a t i n g a te le p h on e
s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , m a y also typ e o r p e r f o r m routine c l e r i c a l w o r k
(ty p in g o r r ou tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y occup y the m a j o r p o r t i o n o f the w o r k e r ' s
t i m e , and is u s u a lly p e r f o r m e d w h ile at the s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o l e ) . C h ie f o r
l e a d o p e r a t o r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than one o p e r a t o r a r e
e x c lu d e d . F o r an o p e r a t o r who als o acts as a r e c e p t i o n i s t , s e e Sw itc h b oa r d
Ope r a t o r - R e c e p t i o n i s t .

T h e w o r k r e q u i r e s a k n o w le d g e o f c l e r i c a l m et hods and o f f i c e
p r a c t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s which r e l a t e s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g and r e ­
c o r d i n g o f tr a n s a c ti o n s and accounting i n f o r m a ti o n .
W ith e x p e r i e n c e , the
w o r k e r t y p i c a l l y b e c o m e s f a m i l i a r with the b ookk eep ing and accounting t e r m s
and p r o c e d u r e s used in the a s s ig n e d w o r k , but is not r e q u i r e d to have a
k n o w le d g e o f the f o r m a l p r i n c i p l e s o f b oo k k e e p in g and accounting.

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
A t a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o l e , acts both as
an o p e r a t o r — s e e S w i t c h b o a r d O p e r a t o r — and as a r e c e p t i o n i s t . R e c e p t i o n i s t ' s
w o r k i n v o l v e s suc h du tie s as g r e e t i n g v i s i t o r s ; d e t e r m i n i n g na tu re o f v i s i t o r ' s
b u s i n e s s and p r o v i d i n g a p p r o p r i a t e in f o r m a tio n ; r e f e r r i n g v i s i t o r to a p p r o ­
p r i a t e p e r s o n in the o r g a n i z a t i o n o r con ta cting that p e r s o n by te le p h on e and
a r r a n g i n g an ap p o in tm e n t; k e e p i n g a lo g o f v i s i t o r s .

Positio n s
d efin itio n s:

cla s s ifie d

into

le vels

on the

b as is of the f o llo w in g

C la s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s accounting c l e r i c a l
o p e r a t i o n s w h ich r e q u i r e the ap p lic a tion o f e x p e r i e n c e and judgment, fo r
e x a m p l e , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s i n g c o m p l i c a t e d o r n o n r e p e t i t i v e accounting t r a n s ­
a c tio n s , s e l e c t i n g amon g a substa ntial v a r i e t y o f p r e s c r i b e d accounting codes
and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c i n g tr a n s a c t i o n s th ro ugh p r e v i o u s accounting
ac tio ns to d e t e r m i n e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M a y be a s s is te d by one o r
m o r e c la s s B ac cou nting c l e r k s .

ORDER CLERK
R e c e i v e s w r i t t e n o r v e r b a l c u s t o m e r s ' p u rch as e o r d e r s f o r m a t e r i a l
o r m e r c h a n d i s e f r o m c u s t o m e r s o r s a le s p e op le .
W o rk ty p ica lly in vo lves
s o m e c o m b i n a ti o n o f the f o l l o w i n g duties: Quoting p r i c e s ; d e t e r m i n i n g a v a i l a ­
b i l i t y o f o r d e r e d i t e m s and s u g g e s tin g substitutes when n e c e s s a r y ; a d v is in g
e x p e c t e d d e l i v e r y date and m e t h o d o f d e l i v e r y ; r e c o r d i n g o r d e r and c u s t o m e r
i n f o r m a t i o n on o r d e r
s h e e t s ; che ckin g o r d e r sheets f o r a c c u r a c y and




are

C l a s s B.
U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , f o l l o w i n g d e ta ile d instr uctions
and s ta n d a r d i z e d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e routine accounting
c l e r i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , such as p ostin g to l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e ts

31

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K — Continued

P A Y R O L L C L E R K — Continued

w h e r e id e n t i f i c a t i o n o f i t e m s and lo c a tio n s o f p o s tin gs a r e c l e a r l y ind icated ;
checking a c c u r a c y and c o m p l e t e n e s s o f s ta n d a r d i z e d and r e p e t i t i v e r e c o r d s
o r accounting docum ents ; and coding d ocum ents using a f e w p r e s c r i b e d
ac counting cod es.

l i s t i n g s against s ou r c e r e c o r d s ; t r a c i n g and c o r r e c t i n g e r r o r s in l i s t i n g s ;
and a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r a t i o n o f p e r i o d i c s u m m a r y p a y r o l l r e p o r t s . In a nonautom ate d p a y r o l l s y s t e m , com putes w a g e s . W o r k m a y r e q u i r e a p r a c t i c a l
k n o w le d g e o f g o v e r n m e n t a l r e g u l a t i o n s , c o m p a n y p a y r o l l p o l i c y , o r the
c o m p u te r s y s t e m f o r p r o c e s s i n g p a y r o l l s .

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b oo k k e e p in g m ac h in e (w ith o r with out a t y p e w r i t e r k e y ­
b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s tr a n s a c t i o n s .
C la s s A . K e e p s a set o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w le d g e o f and
e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c b oo kk e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m i l i a r i t y w ith the s tr u c tu r e
o f the p a r t i c u l a r accounting s y s t e m used.
D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d is trib u tion o f debit and c r e d i t i t e m s to be used in e ach phas e o f the w o rk .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b a la n ce s h e e ts , and o t h e r r e c o r d s by hand.
C l a s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e phas e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a
s e t of r e c o r d s u s u a lly r e q u i r i n g little k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b oo kk e e p in g . P h a s e s
o r se ction s in clu de accounts p a y a b le , p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' accounts (not i n ­
cluding a s i m p l e ty p e o f b i l l i n g d e s c r i b e d under m ac h in e b i l l e r ) , cos t d i s ­
trib u tion , e x p e n s e d is trib u t io n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e tc . M a y check o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l sheets f o r the acc ounting
d e p a rtm e n t.
M A C H IN E B I L L E R
P r e p a r e s s ta te m e n ts , b i l l s , and i n v o i c e s on a m ac h in e o t h e r than
an o r d i n a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r i t e r . M a y a ls o k e e p r e c o r d s as to b i l l i n g s
o r shipping c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l w o r k i n c id e n ta l to b i l l i n g
o p e r a tio n s . F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , m ac h in e b i l l e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d by type
o f m a c h in e , as f o l l o w s :
B i l l i n g - m a c h i n e b i l l e r . U s e s a s p e c i a l b i l l i n g m a c h in e (c o m b in a tio n
ty p in g and adding m a c h i n e ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s and i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s '
p urch ase o r d e r s , i n t e r n a l l y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , shipping m e m o r a n d a , etc.
U s u a lly i n v o l v e s ap p lic ation o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d discounts and shipping c h a r g e s
and e n try o f n e c e s s a r y e x te n s i o n s , w h ic h m a y o r m a y not be c om p ute d on
the b illin g m a c h i n e , and to ta ls w h ich a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u late d by
m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a ti o n us uall y i n v o l v e s a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p ie s o f
the b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d and is often done on a fan fo ld m a c h in e .

KEY ENTRY OPERATOR
O p e r a t e s k e y b o a r d - c o n t r o l l e d data e n t r y d e v i c e such as keypun ch
m ac h in e o r k e y - o p e r a t e d m a g n e tic tap e o r d isk e n c o d e r to t r a n s c r i b e
data into a f o r m suitable f o r c o m p u te r p r o c e s s i n g . W o r k r e q u i r e s s k i l l in
o p e r a t i n g an a lp ha num eric k e y b o a r d and an un dersta nd in g o f t r a n s c r i b i n g
p r o c e d u r e s and r e l e v a n t data e n tr y e q u ip m en t.
P ositions
d efin ition s:

are

classified

into

levels

on

the b a s i s

of

the f o l l o w i n g

C l a s s A . W o r k r e q u i r e s the a p p l i c a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e and ju d g m e n t
in s e l e c t i n g p r o c e d u r e s to be f o l l o w e d and in s e a r c h i n g f o r , i n t e r p r e t i n g ,
s e l e c t i n g , o r coding i t e m s to be e n t e r e d f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s o u r c e d oc u m e n ts .
On o c c a s i o n m a y also p e r f o r m routine w o r k as d e s c r i b e d f o r c la s s B.
N O T E : E x c lu d e d a r e o p e r a t o r s a b o v e c l a s s A using the k e y e n tr y
c o n tr o ls to a c c e s s , rea d, and evaluate the sub sta nce o f s p e c i f i c r e c o r d s to
take sub stantive actions, o r to m ak e e n t r i e s r e q u i r i n g a s i m i l a r l e v e l o f
know ledge.
C l a s s B . W o r k is routine and r e p e t i t i v e . U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n
o r follo w in g s p ecific procedures o r detailed instru ctions, w o rk s fr o m
v a r i o u s s ta n d a rd iz e d s o u r c e docum ents w h ic h have b e e n cod ed and r e q u i r e
l i t t l e o r no s e l e c t i n g , cod ing, o r i n t e r p r e t i n g o f data to be e n t e r e d .
R efers
to s u p e r v i s o r p r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s , c o d e s , o r m i s s i n g
in f o r m a ti o n .

Professional and Technical
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U SIN E S S

B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h i n e b i l l e r . U s e s a b oo k k e e p in g m a c h in e (w ith o r
without a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s as p a r t o f the
accounts r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a ti o n . G e n e r a l l y i n v o l v e s the s im u lt aneo us e n t r y o f
f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u la te s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l colum ns and c om p u te s and usuall y prin ts
a u t o m a ti c a l l y the debit o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s .
Does not i n v o l v e a k n o w le d g e
o f b o o k k e e p in g .
W o r k s f r o m u n i fo r m and s ta n dard ty p e s o f s a l e s and
c r e d i t s lip s.
P A Y R O L L CLERK
P e r f o r m s the c l e r i c a l tas k s n e c e s s a r y to p r o c e s s p a y r o l l s and to
m ain ta in p a y r o l l r e c o r d s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P r o c e s s i n g
w o r k e r s ' t i m e o r p ro d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; adjustin g w o r k e r s ' r e c o r d s f o r changes
in w ag e r a t e s , s u p p le m e n ta ry b e n e f i t s , o r ta x dedu ctions; e d iting p a y r o l l




A n a l y z e s b u s in ess p r o b l e m s to f o r m u l a t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o l v i n g
t h e m by use of e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t. D e v e l o p s a c o m p l e t e
d e s c r i p t i o n o f a ll s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d to e n ab le p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u i r e d d ig it a l c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
A n a l y z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r op e r a tio n s to be a u to m a te d and i d e n t i f i e s c on ditions
and c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d to a c h ie v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r and
ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d ocum ents to be used; o u tlin e s a c tio n s to be
p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u te r s in s u f f i c i e n t d e ta i l f o r p r e s e n t a t i o n
to m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y th is i n v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f
w o r k and data f l o w c h a r ts ); c o o r d i n a te s the d e v e l o p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s and
p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l runs o f new and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s
equip m en t changes to obtain m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l o p e r a t i o n s .
(N O TE :
W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g both s y s te m s a n a l y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g should be
c l a s s i f i e d as s y s te m s analysts i f this is the s k i l l used to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r pay.)

C O M PU TE R SYSTEMS A N A L Y S T ,

BUSINESS— Continued

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B USINE S S— Continued

Does not i ncl ude e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n ­
a g e me n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t he r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s ,
o r s y s t e m s anal ys t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r ne d with s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g i n e e r i n g
problems.

l anguage, cause the mani pul at i on of data to a c hi e v e d e s i r e d resul t s. W o r k
i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
Appl i e s k no wl e dg e of c omput e r c a p a ­
b i l i t i e s , m a t h e m a t i c s , l o g i c e m p l o y e d by c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t i c ul a r sub­
j e c t m a t t e r i n v o l v e d to anal yz e char ts and d i a g r a m s of the p r o b l e m to
be p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e l o p s s equence of p r o g r a m steps; w r i t e s detai l ed flow­
charts to show o r d e r in whi ch data w i l l be p r o c e s s e d ; c onve r t s these
charts to code d i ns t r uc t i o ns f o r mac hi ne to f ol l ow; tests and c o r r e c t s
p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s i ns t r uc t i o ns f o r o p e r a t i ng p e r s o n n e l during producti on
run; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , and a l t e r s p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e ope r at i ng e f f i ­
c i e nc y o r adapt to n e w r e q u i r e m e n t s ; mai nt ai ns r e c o r d s of p r o g r a m d e ­
v e l o p me n t and r e v i s i o n s .
( N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g both s y s t e m s anal ­
y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g should be c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s analysts if this is
the s k i l l used to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r pay. )

F o r w a g e study pur poses, s y s t e ms analysts ar e c l a s s i f i e d as f ol l o ws :
C l as s A . W o r k s i ndependent l y o r under only g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s i n v o l v i n g al l phases of s y s t e ms anal ys i s . P r o b l e m s ar e
c o m p l e x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s of input data and m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e ­
m e n t s of output data.
( F o r e x a m p l e , de v e l o ps an i n t e g r a t e d produc t i on
s c he dul i ng , i nv e n t o r y c o n t r o l , cost a n al ys i s , and sal es a nal ys i s r e c o r d in
w h i c h e v e r y i t e m of e ac h t ype is aut o ma t i c a l l y p r o c e s s e d through the f ul l
s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r i a t e f ol l owup actions ar e i ni t i at ed by the
c o m p u t e r . ) C o n f e r s wi t h p e r s o n s c o n c e r ne d to d e t e r m i n e the data p r o c e s s i n g
p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the i m p l i c a t i o n s o f new o r
r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f data p r o c e s s i n g o p e r at i on s . Make s r e c o m m e n d a t i o n s , if
n e e d e d, f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e ms i nstal l ati ons o r changes and f o r
obtai ni ng e qui pment .

Does not i ncl ude e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f or the m a n ­
a g e me n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f ot he r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s ,
o r p r o g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d with s c i e n t i f i c and/or e ng i ne e r i ng
problems.
F o r wa g e study p u r p o s e s , p r o g r a m m e r s

M a y p r o v i d e f unc t i onal
who a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

d i r e c t i o n to l o w e r

le vel systems

f ol l ows :

At this l e v e l , p r o g r a m m i n g is di f f i cul t b e ca us e comput e r e qui p ­
ment mus t be o r g a n i z e d to pr o duc e s e v e r a l i n t e r r e l a t e d but d i v e r s e p r o d ­
ucts f r o m n u me r o us and d i v e r s e data e l e m e n t s .
A wi de v a r i e t y and e x ­
t e n s i v e n u mb e r o f i nt e r na l p r o c e s s i n g acti ons must o c c ur .
Thi s r e q ui r e s
such acti ons as d e v e l o p m e n t of c o m m o n o p e r a t i o n s whi ch can be r e ­
used, e s t a b l i s h me n t of l i nkage points b e t we e n o p e r a t i o n s , adi ustments to
data when p r o g r a m r e q u i r e m e n t s e x c e e d c o mp u t e r s t o r ag e c apaci t y, and
substant i al mani pul at i on and r e s e q u e n c i n g of data e l e me n t s to f o r m a
hi ghl y i n t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .

OR
W o r k s on a s e g m e n t of a c o m p l e x data p r o c e s s i n g s c h e me o r
s y s t e m , as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A. W o r k s i ndependentl y on routine a s s i g n ­
me n t s and r e c e i v e s i n s t r u c t i o n and gui dance on c o m p l e x a s s i g n me n t s . W o r k
is r e v i e w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f j udg me nt , c o mp l i a nc e with i ns t r uc t i o ns , and to
i n s u r e p r o p e r a l i g n m e n t wi t h the o v e r a l l s y s t e m.

Ma y p r o v i d e f uncti onal d i r e c t i o n
ar e a s s i g n e d to as s i s t .

to l o w e r l e v e l

p r o g r a m m e r s who

C l ass B . W o r k s i nde pe nde nt l y o r under only g e n e r a l di r e c t i o n on
r e l a t i v e l y s i mp l e p r o g r a m s , o r on s i mp l e s e g me n t s of c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n t s ) usual l y p r o c e s s i n f o r m a t i o n to produce data in two
o r t h r e e v a r i e d s e que nc e s o r f o r ma t s .
R e p o r t s and l i s t i ng s ar e pr o duc ed by
r e f i n i ng , adapting, a r r a y i n g , o r maki ng m i n o r additions to o r del et i ons f r o m
input data whi ch a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
Wh i l e nu me r o us r e c o r d s ma y be
p r o c e s s e d , the data have been r e f i n e d in p r i o r actions so that the a c c u r a c y
and s e que nc i ng of data can be t e s t e d by using a f e w routine checks. T y p i c a l l y ,
the p r o g r a m deal s wi t h routine r e c o r d k e e p i n g op e r a t i o n s .

C l as s C . W o r k s under i m m e d i a t e s up e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g out anal yses
as a s s i gn e d , us ual l y o f a s i ng l e ac t i v i t y .
A s s i g n me n t s a r e d e s i g ne d to
d e v e l o p and expand p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e in the appl i cati on o f p r o c e d u r e s and
s k i l l s r e q u i r e d f o r s y s t e m s an al y s i s wo r k. F o r e x a m p l e , m a y a s s i s t a hi g he r
l e v e l s y s t e m s anal ys t by p r e p a r i n g the d e t ai l e d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u i r e d by
programmers
f r o m i n f o r m a t i o n d e v e l o p e d by the h i g h e r l e v e l anal yst.
BUSI NESS

OR

C o n v e r t s s t a t e me n t s o f busi ness p r o b l e m s , t y p i c a l l y p r e p a r e d by a
s y s t e m s anal ys t , into a s e que nc e of de t ai l e d i nst r uct i ons whi ch a r e r e ­
q u i r e d to s o l v e the p r o b l e m s by aut omati c data p r o c e s s i n g equi pment .
W o r k i n g f r o m c har t s o r d i a g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e l o p s the p r e ­
c i s e i ns t r uc t i o ns wh i c h , wh e n e n t e r e d into the c o mp ut e r s y s t e m in coded




as

Works
i ndependentl y o r under only g e n e r a l di r e c t i o n
Cl as s _A.
on c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s wh i c h r e q u i r e c o mp e t e n c e in all phases of p r o ­
g r a m m i n g concepts
and p r a c t i c e s .
Wo r k i n g f r o m d i a g r a ms and charts
wh i c h i de nt i f y the nature of d e s i r e d r e s ul t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g steps to
be a c c o m p l i s h e d , and the r e l a t i ons hi p s be t we e n v a r i o us steps of the p r o b ­
l e m s ol v i ng routine; plans the full range o f p r o g r a m m i n g actions needed
to e f f i c i e n t l y ut i l i z e the c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in a c hi e v i ng d e s i r e d end products.

C l as s B . W o r k s i ndependent l y o r under only g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
p r o b l e m s that a r e r e l a t i v e l y unco mp l i c at e d to anal yz e, plan, p r o g r a m , and
operate.
P r o b l e m s a r e o f l i m i t e d c o mp l e x i t y because s o u r c e s o f input data
a r e h o mo g e n e o u s and the output data ar e c l o s e l y r el at e d.
( F o r example,
d e v e l o p s s y s t e m s f o r ma i nt a i ni ng d e p o s i t o r accounts in a bank, mai nt ai ni ng
accounts
r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t ab l i s hme n t , o r mai nt a i ni ng i n v e nt o r y
accounts in a m a n u f a c t u r i n g o r w h o l e s a l e e s t a b l i s hme n t . )
C o nf e r s with
p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e the data p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s
s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the i mpl i c at i o ns of the data p r o c e s s i n g s ys t e ms
to be appl i ed.

COMPUTER PROGRAMMER,

ar e c l a s s i f i e d

analysts

W o r k s on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s (as d e s c r i b e d f o r cl ass A) under
c l o s e d i r e c t i o n of a h i g h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v i s o r .
M a y assi st
h i g h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r by i nde pe nde nt l y p e r f o r m i n g l es s di f f i cul t tasks
a s s i g n e d , and p e r f o r m i n g m o r e d i f f i c ul t tasks under f a i r l y c l os e d i r e c t i o n.

33

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B U S IN E S S — Continued

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — Continued

M a y guide o r in s tr u c t l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .

C la s s B . In addition to e s t a b l i s h e d p ro d u c tio n runs, w o r k a s s i g n ­
m en ts include runs in v o lv in g new p r o g r a m s , a p p l i c a ti o n s , and p r o c e d u r e s
( i . e . , situat ions which r e q u i r e the o p e r a t o r to adapt to a v a r i e t y o f p r o b l e m s ) .
A t this l e v e l , the o p e r a t o r has the t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e to w o r k f a i r l y
in d ep end ently in c a r r y i n g out m o s t a s s i g n m e n t s . A s s i g n m e n t s m a y r e q u i r e
the o p e r a t o r to s e l e c t f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s tan da rd setup and o p e r a ti n g
procedures.
In respon din g to c o m p u te r output i n s tr u c tio n s o r e r r o r c o n ­
d ition s , ap p li e s standa rd op e r a tin g o r c o r r e c t i v e
p r o c e d u r e s , but m ay
d e v ia te f r o m standard p r o c e d u r e s when sta n da rd p r o c e d u r e s f a i l i f d e v ia tio n
does not m a t e r i a l l y a l t e r the c o m p u te r unit's p ro d u c tio n p lans. R e f e r s the
p r o b l e m o r ab orts the p r o g r a m when p r o c e d u r e s a p p li e d do not p r o v i d e a
solution. M a y guide l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .

C la s s C . M a k e s p r a c t i c a l ap p lic a tio n s o f p r o g r a m m i n g p r a c t i c e s
and con cepts u suall y l e a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a i n i n g c o u r s e s .
Assign m en ts
a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e l o p c o m p e t e n c e in the ap p lic a tio n o f standard p r o ­
c e d u re s to routine p r o b l e m s .
R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n on new as p e cts
o f a s s ig n m e n ts ; and w o r k is r e v i e w e d to v e r i f y its a c c u r a c y and c o n fo r m a n c e
with r e q u i r e d p r o c e d u r e s .
COMPUTER OPERATOR
In a c c o r d a n c e w ith o p e r a t i n g i n s t r u c t i o n s , m o n i t o r s and o p e r a t e s
the c o n tro l c on s o le o f a d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r to p r o c e s s data. E x e c u te s runs by
e i t h e r s e r i a l p r o c e s s i n g ( p r o c e s s e s one p r o g r a m at a t i m e ) o r m u l t i ­
p r o c e s s i n g ( p r o c e s s e s two o r m o r e p r o g r a m s s i m u l ta n e o u s l y ) . The f o l l o w i n g
duties c h a r a c t e r i z e the w o r k o f a c o m p u te r o p e r a t o r :
- Stud ies
needed.

operating

- L o a d s equip m en t
p a p e r , e tc . ) .

i n s tr u c ti o n s
with

to

req u ired

d eterm ine
item s

equ ip m en t

(ta p e s ,

cards,

C la s s C . W o r k as s ign m e n ts a r e l i m i t e d to e s t a b l i s h e d p ro d u c tion
runs ( i . e . , p r o g r a m s wh ich p r e s e n t f e w o p e r a t i n g p r o b l e m s ) .
A ssign m en ts
m a y c o n s is t p r i m a r i l y o f o n - t h e - j o b t r a i n i n g ( s o m e t i m e s au gm ente d by
c l a s s r o o m in s tr u c tio n ). When le a r n in g to run p r o g r a m s , the s u p e r v i s o r o r a
h i g h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r p r o v i d e s d e t a i l e d w r i t t e n o r o r a l guidance to the
o p e r a t o r b e f o r e and dur ing the run. A f t e r the o p e r a t o r has gain ed e x p e r i e n c e
w it h a p r o g r a m , h o w e v e r , the o p e r a t o r w o r k s f a i r l y ind ep end ently in
applyin g standard op e r a tin g o r c o r r e c t i v e p r o c e d u r e s in r esp on d in g to
c o m p u te r output in s tru c tio ns o r e r r o r c o n d it io n s , but r e f e r s p r o b l e m s to a
h i g h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r o r the s u p e r v i s o r when stan da rd p r o c e d u r e s f a i l .

setup
d is k s ,

- S w itc h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l l i a r y e qu ip m en t into s y s t e m .
- Starts and o p e r a t e s c o m p u te r.

P E R IP H E R A L E Q U IPM E N T O P E R A T O R

- R esp o nd s to o p e r a t i n g and c o m p u te r output in s tr u c tio n s .
- R e v i e w s e r r o r m e s s a g e s and m a k e s c o r r e c t i o n s
or r e fe r s p ro b lem s.

dur ing o p e r a t i o n

O p e r a t e s p e r i p h e r a l equip m en t w h i c h
d i r e c t l y supports d i g i t a l
c o m p u te r o p e r a tio n s . Such equipm en t is uniquely and s p e c i f i c a l l y d e sig n e d
f o r c o m p u te r ap p li c ation s , but need not be p h y s i c a l l y o r e l e c t r o n i c a l l y
c o n nected to a com p u te r.
P r i n t e r s , p l o t t e r s , c a r d r e a d / p u n c h e s , tape
r e a d e r s , tape units o r d r i v e s , disk units o r d r i v e s , and data d is p la y units
a r e e x a m p l e s o f such equipment.

- M aintain s o p e r a tin g r e c o r d .
M a y t e s t - r u n ne w or m o d i f i e d p r o g r a m s .
M a y a s s i s t in m o d i f y i n g
system s or p ro g r a m s .
The s c o p e o f this d e fi n i ti o n in clu des t r a i n e e s w o r k i n g
to b e c o m e f u l l y q u a l i fi e d c o m p u t e r o p e r a t o r s , f u l l y q u a l i fi e d c o m p u te r
o p e r a t o r s , and lead o p e r a t o r s p r o v i d i n g te c h n i c a l a s s i s t a n c e to l o w e r l e v e l
o p e r a t o r s . It e xc lu d e s w o r k e r s who m o n i t o r and o p e r a t e r e m o t e t e r m i n a l s .

T h e f o llo w in g duties c h a r a c t e r i z e the w o r k o f a p e r i p h e r a l e quip m en t
operator:

C la s s A . In ad dition to w o r k a s s ig n m e n ts d e s c r i b e d f o r a c l a s s B
o p e r a t o r ( s e e b e l o w ) the w o r k o f a c la s s A o p e r a t o r i n v o l v e s at l e a s t one
o f the f o l lo w in g :

- L oadin g p r i n t e r s and p l o t t e r s w ith c o r r e c t p a p e r; adjusting
con tro ls f o r f o r m s , t h i c k n e s s , te n s io n , p rin tin g d e n s ity , and
loc ation ; and unloading hard copy.

- D e v ia te s f r o m s tan da rd p r o c e d u r e s to av oid the lo s s o f i n f o r ­
m a tion o r to c o n s e r v e c o m p u t e r t i m e e v e n though the p r o c e d u r e s
ap p li ed m a t e r i a l l y a l t e r the c o m p u te r unit's p ro d u c tion plans.
- T e s t s new p r o g r a m s ,

- L a b e l l i n g tape r e e l s , d is k s , o r c a r d d e ck s .
-

a p p lic a tio n s , and p r o c e d u r e s .

- A dvises p ro g r a m m e r s
te c h n iqu e s .

and

subject-m atter

experts

o p e r a t o r at




this l e v e l

t y p i c a l l y guid es

low er

d e s ig n a te d tape

- Setting c on tro ls wh ich r e g u la t e o p e r a t i o n o f the equipm en t.
on

setup

- O b s e r v i n g panel lights f o r w a r n i n g s
taking a p p ro p ria t e action.

- A s s i s t s in (1) m a i n ta in in g , m o d i f y i n g , and d e v e lo p in g o p e r a ti n g
s y s t e m s o r p r o g r a m s ; (2) d e v e l o p i n g o p e r a t i n g i n s tr u c tio n s and
techn iques to c o v e r p r o b l e m s ituatio ns; and/or (3) s w it c h in g to
e m e r g e n c y backup p r o c e d u r e s (such a s s i s t a n c e r e q u i r e s a w o r k i n g
k n o w le d g e o f p r o g r a m l a n g u a g e , c o m p u t e r f e a t u r e s , and s o f t w a r e
s y s t e m s ).
An

Checking la b e ls and mounting and d is m o u ntin g
r e e l s o r disks on s p e c i f i e d units o r d r i v e s .

and

error

in d ic atio n s

- E xam in in g ta p e s , c a r d s , o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l f o r c r e a s e s ,
o r other d e fe c ts which could cause p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s .

and

tears,

T h is c l a s s i fi c a t io n e xc lu d e s w o r k e r s (1) who m o n i t o r and o p e r a t e a
c o n t r o l c on s o le ( s e e c o m p u te r o p e r a t o r ) o r a r e m o t e t e r m i n a l , o r (2) wh os e
duties a r e l i m i t e d to o p e r a tin g d e c o l l a t e r s , b u r s t e r s , s e p a r a t o r s , o r s i m i l a r
e qu ip m en t.

le v el operators.

34

C O M PU TE R D A T A LIB R A R IA N

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N

M a in ta in s l i b r a r y o f m e d i a (ta p es, d is ks , c a r d s , c a s s e t t e s ) used
f o r a u tom atic data p r o c e s s i n g ap p li catio n s. The f o llo w in g o r s i m i l a r duties
c h a r a c t e r i z e the w o r k o f a c o m p u te r data li b r a r i a n : C l a s s i f y i n g , c a ta lo g in g ,
and s t o r i n g m e d i a in a c c o r d a n c e with a s tan da rd ize d s y s t e m ; upon p r o p e r
r e q u e s t s , r e l e a s i n g m e d i a f o r p r o c e s s i n g ; m ain ta in in g r e c o r d s o f r e l e a s e s
and r etu rn s ; i n s p e c tin g r e t u r n e d m e d i a f o r dam age o r e x c e s s i v e w e a r to
d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r o r not th e y need r e p la c in g . M ay p e r f o r m m i n o r r e p a i r s
to d a m a g e d ta p e s .

W o r k s on v a r i o u s ty p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c equip m en t and r e la te d d e v ic e s
by p e r f o r m i n g one o r a c om b in atio n o f the fo l l o w i n g : In s ta llin g , m aintaining,
r e p a i r i n g , o v e r h a u l i n g , tr o u b le s h o o tin g , m o d i f y i n g , con stru c tin g, and testing.
W o r k r e q u i r e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a tio n o f t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e o f e le c t r o n i c s
p r i n c i p l e s , a b ility to d e t e r m i n e m a lfu n c tio n s , and s k i l l to put equipment in
r e q u i r e d o p e r a ti n g con dition.
T h e equipm en t— c on s is tin g o f e i t h e r m any d i f fe r e n t kinds o f circ u its
o r m u ltip le r e p e ti ti o n o f the s a m e kind o f c i r c u i t — in c lu d e s , but is not li m i t e d
to , the fo llo w in g :
(a) E l e c t r o n i c t r a n s m i t t i n g and r e c e i v i n g equipment (e .g.,
r a d a r , ra d io, t e l e v i s i o n , te le p h o n e , s o n a r, n a v ig a tio n a l a id s ), (b) d igita l and
an alog c o m p u t e r s , and (c) i n d u s tr ia l and m e d i c a l m e a s u r i n g and c on tro llin g
equip m ent.

DRAFTER
C l a s s A . P l a n s the g r a p h i c p r e s e n ta ti o n of c o m p l e x i t e m s having
d i s t i n c t i v e d e s i g n f e a t u r e s that d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d ra ft in g
preceden ts.
W o r k s in c l o s e support w ith the design o r i g i n a t o r , and m a y
r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e s i g n cha nges. A n a l y z e s the e f fe c t o f e a c h change on the
d e ta i l s o f f o r m , fu nction, and p o s i ti o n a l r ela tion sh ip s o f com ponen ts and
p a r t s . W o r k s w i t h a m i n i m u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s is ta n c e . C o m p l e t e d w o r k
is r e v i e w e d b y d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s is te n c y w ith p r i o r e n g i n e e r i n g
d e t e r m i n a t i o n s . M a y e i t h e r p r e p a r e d ra w in g s o r d i r e c t t h e i r p r e p a r a t i o n by
lo w e r le v e l d ra fters.

T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c lu d e s r e p a i r e r s o f such standard e l e c t r o n i c
equipm en t as c o m m o n o f f i c e m a c h in e s and household radio and t e l e v i s i o n
s e ts ; p ro d uction a s s e m b l e r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s wh os e p r i m a r y duty is
s e r v i c i n g e l e c t r o n i c t e s t in s tr u m e n ts ; te c h n ic ia n s who have a d m in is tr a tiv e
o r su p ervisory
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s i g n e r s , and p r o f e s s i o n a l
e n g in e e r s .
Positio n s
d e fin ition s :

C la s s B . P e r f o r m s nonr outine and c o m p le x d r a ft in g a s s ig n m e n ts
that r e q u i r e the a p p lic a tio n o f m o s t o f the sta n d a rd ize d d r a w in g te c hn iq u e s
r e g u l a r l y used.
D uties t y p i c a l l y in v o l v e such w o r k as:
P r e p a r e s w orking
d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r shapes, m u l ti p l e functio ns, and
p r e c i s e p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e tw e e n com ponents; p r e p a r e s a r c h i t e c t u r a l
d r a w i n g s f o r c o n s t r u c ti o n o f a building in cluding d etail d ra w in g s o f foun d a­
ti o n s , w a l l s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p la ns, and r oof.
U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s and
m anuals in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y com putations to d e t e r m i n e quantities o f
m a t e r i a l s to be used , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , str en gth s , s t r e s s e s , e tc .
R eceives
i n i t i a l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , and a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C om pleted
w o r k is c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n i c a l adequacy.

are c la s s ifie d

into

l e v e l s on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g

C la s s A . A p p l i e s advanced te c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e unusually
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , th ose that t y p i c a l l y cannot be s o lv e d s o l e l y by
r e f e r e n c e to m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m an uals o r s i m i l a r d ocum ents ) in w o rk in g on
e l e c t r o n i c equip m en t.
E x a m p l e s o f such p r o b l e m s include loc ation and
d e n s ity o f c i r c u i t r y , e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c r a d ia tio n , i s o l a t i n g m alf u n c tio n s , and
fre q u e n t e n g i n e e r i n g changes. W o r k i n v o l v e s :
A d e ta ile d understanding of
the i n t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g independent jud gment in p e r ­
f o r m i n g such tasks as m ak in g c i r c u i t a n a l y s e s , c alc u la tin g w a v e f o r m s ,
t r a c i n g r e la tio n s h ip s in s ig n a l f l o w ; and r e g u l a r l y using c o m p le x test i n ­
stru m e n ts ( e . g . , dual t r a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d evia tion m e t e r s ,
p ulse g e n e r a t o r s ) .

C la s s C . P r e p a r e s d e ta il d ra w in g s o f single units o r p a r ts f o r
e n g i n e e r i n g , c o n s t r u c t i o n , m an u fac tu rin g, o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s .
Types of
d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s (d epictin g t h r e e d im e n sio n s
in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) and s e c t i o n a l v i e w s to c l a r i f y p o s itio n in g o f com ponents
and c o n v e y n e e d e d i n f o r m a t i o n .
C o n s o lid a te s deta ils f r o m a n u m b e r o f
s o u r c e s and adjusts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ire d . S u g g e s t e d m eth o d s o f
a p p ro a c h , a p p l i c a b l e p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v ic e on sourc e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n
w ith i n i t i a l a s s i g n m e n t s . In s tr u c tio n s a r e l e s s c o m p le t e wh en a s s ig n m e n ts
r e c u r . W o r k m a y be s p o t - c h e c k e d during p r o g r e s s .

W o r k m a y be r e v i e w e d by s u p e r v i s o r ( f r e q u e n tl y an e n g i n e e r or
d e s i g n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p l i a n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s .
M ay p ro v id e
t e c h n i c a l guidance to l o w e r l e v e l te c h n icia n s .
C la s s B . A p p l i e s c o m p r e h e n s i v e te c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e c o m ­
p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , th ose that t y p i c a l l y can be s o l v e d s o l e l y by p r o p e r l y
i n t e r p r e t i n g m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m an uals o r s i m i l a r doc um e nts ) in w o rk in g on
e l e c t r o n i c equip m ent. W o r k i n v o l v e s : A f a m i l i a r i t y w ith the i n t e r r e l a t i o n ­
ships o f c i r c u i t s ; and ju d g m e n t in d e t e r m i n i n g w o r k sequence and in s e le c tin g
to o l s and t e s tin g in s t r u m e n t s , us ually l e s s c o m p l e x than those used by the
c la s s A te c h n icia n .

D R A F TE R -TR A C E R
C o p ie s pla ns and d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d by others b y p la c in g t r a c i n g
c loth o r p a p e r o v e r d r a w i n g s and t r a c i n g w ith pen o r p e n c i l .
(D oes not
i n c lu d e t r a c i n g l i m i t e d to plans p r i m a r i l y c on sis tin g o f s t r a i g h t l in e s and a
l a r g e s c a le not r e q u i r i n g c l o s e d e lin e a tio n .)

R e c e i v e s te c h n i c a l guid ance, as r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r higher
l e v e l te c h n ic ia n , and w o r k is r e v i e w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p lia n c e with accepted
p r a c t i c e s and w o r k a s s i g n m e n ts .
M a y p r o v i d e te c h n i c a l guidance to l o w e r
l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s .

AND/OR
C l a s s C . A p p l i e s w o r k i n g t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to p e r f o r m s im p le o r
routine ta s k s in w o r k i n g on e l e c t r o n i c equ ip m en t, f o l l o w i n g d e taile d i n ­
s tr u c tion s w h ich c o v e r v i r t u a l l y a l l p r o c e d u r e s . W o r k t y p i c a l l y i n v o lve s such

P r e p a r e s s i m p l e o r r e p e t i t i v e d ra w in g s o f e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d i t e m s .
W o r k is c l o s e l y s u p e r v i s e d durin g p r o g r e s s .




35

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N — Continued

M A I N T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N — Continued

tasks as: A s s i s t i n g h i g h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s by p e r f o r m i n g such a c t i v i t i e s as
r e p l a c i n g c o m p on e n ts , w i r i n g c i r c u i t s , and ta k in g te s t r e a d i n g s ; r e p a i r i n g
s im p l e e l e c t r o n i c e qu ip m en t; and using to o l s and c o m m o n t e s t in s tr u m e n ts
( e . g . , m u l t i m e t e r s , audio s ig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tube t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) . Is
not r e q u i r e d to be f a m i l i a r w ith the i n t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s .
T h is
k n o w le d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y be a c q u i r e d th ro u gh a s s ig n m e n ts d e s ig n e d to i n ­
c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e (i nclu d in g c l a s s r o o m t r a i n i n g ) so that w o r k e r can advance
to h i g h e r l e v e l te c h n icia n .

equ ip m en t; w o rk in g
w irin g or ele ctric a l
and m e a s u r i n g and
te na nc e e l e c t r i c i a n
th ro u gh a f o r m a l

R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e , as r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n .
W o r k is t y p i c a l l y spot c h e c k e d , but is g i v e n d e t a i l e d
r e v i e w when ne w o r ad v anc e d a s s i g n m e n t s a r e i n v o l v e d .
R E G IS TE R E D IN D U S T R IA L NURSE
A r e g i s t e r e d n u rs e who g i v e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e under g e n e r a l m e d i c a l
d i r e c t i o n to i l l o r i n j u r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s who b e c o m e i l l o r
s u f f e r an ac c id e n t on the p r e m i s e s o f a f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s ta b l i s h m e n t.
Duties i n v o l v e a c o m b in a tio n o f the f o l l o w i n g : G iv in g f i r s t aid to the i l l o r
in ju re d ; attending to sub seq ue nt d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g
r e c o r d s o f p atie nts t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g ac c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a ti o n o r
ot h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in p h y s i c a l e x a m in a tio n s and health e v a lu a tio n s o f
applican ts and e m p l o y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y i n g out p r o g r a m s i n v o l v i n g
health e d u c atio n , ac c id e n t p r e v e n t i o n , e v a lu a tio n o f plant e n v i r o n m e n t , o r
o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g the healt h, w e l f a r e , and s a f e t y o f all p e r s o n n e l .
N u rs in g s u p e r v i s o r s o r head n u r s e s in e s ta b l i s h m e n ts e m p l o y i n g m o r e than
one n u rs e a r e exc lu d e d .

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant
M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R
P e r f o r m s the c a r p e n t r y duties n e c e s s a r y to c o n stru c t and m a in ta in
in good r e p a i r b u ild in g w o o d w o r k and equip m en t such as b in s , c r i b s , counters,
b en c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d
in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g and
lay in g out o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l in s tr u c ti o n s ;
using a v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r ' s h a n d too ls , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , and stan da rd
m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g s tan da rd shop com p utatio ns r e l a t i n g to d i ­
m e n s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s s a r y f o r the w o r k . In g e n ­
e r a l , the w o r k o f the m ain te n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s rounded tr a i n i n g and
e x p e r i e n c e u s u ally a c q u i r e d t h ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e qu iv a le n t
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R IC IA N
P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu nctions such as the i n ­
s ta lla tio n , m a i n te n a n c e , o r r e p a i r o f e quip m en t f o r the g e n e r a t i o n , d i s t r i ­
bution, o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s
m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : I n s t a l l i n g o r r e p a i r i n g any o f a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l
equip m en t such as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s ,
c i r c u i t b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , heatin g units, conduit s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s ­
m i s s i o n equ ip m en t; w o r k i n g f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , la y o u t s , o r o t h e r
s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g and d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in the e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r




sta ndard c om p uta tions r e l a t i n g to load r e q u i r e m e n t s o f
equipm en t; and using a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n ' s handtoo ls
t e s tin g i n s tr u m e n ts . In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a i n ­
r e q u i r e s rounded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u all y a c q u i r e d
ap p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M AIN TE N A N C E P A IN T E R
P a in t s and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , and f i x t u r e s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t. W o r k in v o l v e s the f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l e d g e o f s u r fa c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s
and ty p e s o f paint r e q u i r e d f o r d i f f e r e n t a p p l i c a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r
pain ting by r e m o v i n g old fin is h o r b y p l a c i n g putty o r f i l l e r in n a i l h oles
and i n t e r s t i c e s ; and ap p lyin g paint w ith s p r a y gun o r b ru sh . M a y m i x c o l o r s ,
o i l s , w h it e lead, and o t h e r paint i n g r e d i e n t s to ob ta in p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n ­
s i s t e n c y . In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a i n te n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s rounded
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e us ually a c q u i r e d t h ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E M AC H IN IS T
P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r ts and n e w p a r t s in m a k i n g r e p a i r s o f
m e t a l p a r ts o f m e c h a n i c a l equ ipm en t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n ­
v o l v e s m o s t of the f o l l o w i n g : I n t e r p r e t i n g w r i t t e n i n s t r u c t i o n s and s p e c i f i c a ­
t io n s ; planning and lay in g out o f w o r k ; using a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t ' s handto o l s and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a t i n g sta n da rd
m ac h in e t o o l s ; shaping o f m e t a l p a r ts to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g sta n da rd
shop com puta tions r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o l i n g , f e e d s , and s p eed s
o f m ac h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f the c o m m o n m e t a l s ;
s e l e c t i n g standa rd m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , and e q u ip m en t r e q u i r e d f o r th is w o r k ;
and fittin g and a s s e m b l i n g p arts into m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t. In g e n e r a l , the
m a c h i n i s t ' s w o rk n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a roun ded t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p
p r a c t i c e usually a c q u ir e d th ro ugh a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E M E CH AN IC (M A C H IN E R Y )
R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
E x a m i n i n g m a c h i n e s and m e c h a n i c a l
e quip m en t to diagnose s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s m a n t l i n g o r p a r t l y d i s m a n tlin g
m a c h i n e s and p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s that m a i n l y i n v o l v e the use o f handtools in
s c r a p i n g and fit tin g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w i t h i t e m s
ob ta ined f r o m stock; o r d e r i n g the p r o d u c t i o n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t b y a
m ac h in e shop o r sending the m ac h in e to a m a c h i n e shop f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ;
p r e p a r i n g w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s o r f o r the p r o d u c tio n o f
p a r ts o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e shops; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h i n e s ; and m a k in g a l l
n e c e s s a r y adjustm ents f o r o p e r a tio n . In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f a m a c h i n e r y
m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s rounded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u sually
a c q u i r e d th rough a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n i n g and e x ­
perience.
E xc lu d e d f r o m this c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y
duties i n v o l v e se tting up o r adjusting m a c h i n e s .
M A IN T E N A N C E M E CH AN IC (M O T O R V E H IC L E )
R e p a i r s a u t o m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b ­
l is h m e n t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
E x a m i n i n g a u t o m o tiv e
e qu ip m en t to diagnose s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m en t and p e r ­
f o r m i n g r e p a i r s that in v o l v e the use o f such ha ndto ols a s ' w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s ,

M A I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N I C ( M O T O R V E H I C L E ) — Continued

M A IN T E N A N C E TRADES H E L P E R

d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r fi t t i n g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g
b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m stock; grin d in g and adju sting v a l v e s ; r e ­
a s s e m b l i n g and i n s t a l l i n g th e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in the v e h i c l e and m a k in g
n e c e s s a r y a d j u s tm e n ts ; and a li g nin g w h e e l s , adjusting b r a k e s and l i g h t s , o r
tig h te n in g b o d y b o l t s . In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m o t o r v e h i c l e m ain te n a n c e
m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s rou nded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e usually a c q u i r e d th ro u gh
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

A s s i s t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k i l l e d m ainte n anc e t r a d e s , by
p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c o r g e n e r a l duties o f l e s s e r s k i l l , such as k e ep in g a
w o r k e r suppli ed w ith m a t e r i a l s and t o o l s ; c le an in g w o r k i n g a r e a , m ac h in e ,
and e qu ip m en t; a s s i s t i n g j o u r n e y m a n by holding m a t e r i a l s o r to o l s ; and
p e r f o r m i n g o t h e r un sk ille d tasks as d i r e c t e d by jo u r n e y m a n .
The kind o f
w o r k the h e l p e r is p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to tr a d e :
In
s o m e t r a d e s the h e l p e r is con fin ed to s up p ly in g, l i f t i n g , and holding m a t e r i a l s
and t o o l s , and cle an in g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; and in o t h e r s he is p e r m i t t e d to
p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m ac h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r ts o f a tr a d e that a r e als o
p e r f o r m e d by w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .

This
cla s s ific a tio n d o e s
not i n c l u d e
c u s t o m e r s ' v e h i c l e s in a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r shops.

m ech anics

who

rep air

M A IN T E N A N C E P IP E F IT T E R

M A C H IN E - T O O L O P E R A T O R (T O O L R O O M )
S p e c i a l i z e s in o p e r a t i n g one o r m o r e than one ty pe o f m achine
t o o l ( e . g . , j i g b o r e r , g rin d in g m a c h in e , engine lathe, m i l l i n g m achine) to
m a c h in e m e t a l f o r use in m ak ing o r m a in ta in in g j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cutting to o ls ,
g a u g e s , o r m e t a l d ies o r m o ld s used in shaping o r f o r m i n g m e t a l o r
nonm etallic m a t e r ia l (e.g., plastic, p la s te r, rubber, gla s s).
W ork typica lly
i n v o l v e s : P la n n in g and p e r f o r m i n g d i f fi c u l t m ac h in in g o p e r a tio n s which
r e q u i r e c o m p l i c a t e d setups o r a high d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; setting up m achine
t o o l o r to o l s ( e . g . , i n s t a l l cutting t o o l s and adjust g u id e s , stops, w o rk in g
t a b l e s , and o t h e r c o n tr o l s to handle the s i z e o f sto ck to be m achined;
d e t e r m i n e p r o p e r f e e d s , s p e e d s , t o o l i n g , and o p e r a t i o n sequence o r s e l e c t
th os e p r e s c r i b e d in d r a w i n g s , b l u e p r in ts , o r l a y o u t s ); using a v a r i e t y o f
p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s tr u m e n ts ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y ad justm ents during
m a c h in in g o p e r a t i o n to a c h i e v e r e q u i s i t e d im e n s io n s to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s .
M a y be r e q u i r e d to s e l e c t p r o p e r coo lants and cutting and lu b r ic a tin g o i l s ,
to r e c o g n i z e when to o l s n e e d d r e s s i n g , and to d r e s s t o o l s . In g e n e r a l , the
w o r k o f a m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r ( t o o l r o o m ) at the s k i l l l e v e l c a l l e d f o r in
this c l a s s i f i c a t i o n r e q u i r e s e x t e n s i v e k n o w l e d g e o f m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l ­
r o o m p r a c t i c e u sually a c q u i r e d th rough c o n s i d e r a b l e o n - t h e - j o b tr a in in g and
exp erien ce.

In s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s te a m , g a s , o r o t h e r ty p e s o f pip e and
p i p e f i t t in g s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : L a y i n g
out w o r k and m e a s u r i n g to l o c a t e p o s itio n o f pipe f r o m d r a w in g s o r o t h e r
w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; cutting v a r i o u s s i z e s o f pipe to c o r r e c t length s w it h
c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p ip e - c u t tin g m a c h i n e s ; th r e a d i n g
p ip e w ith stoc k s and d i e s ; bending pipe by h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n
m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g p ip e w ith coup lin gs and fas te nin g pip e to h a n g e r s ;
m a k i n g s ta n d a rd shop com p u tatio n s r e la tin g to p r e s s u r e s , f l o w , and s i z e o f
p ip e r e q u i r e d ; and m a k i n g sta n d a rd te s ts to d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r f in is h e d p ip es
m eet specifications.
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m ain te n a n c e p i p e f i t t e r
r e q u i r e s rounded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e usuall y a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
W orkers p rim a rily
e n g a g e d in i n s t a l l i n g and r e p a i r i n g build ing sanitation o r he ating s y s t e m s
are exclu d ed .
M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T -M E T A L W ORKER
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , and m ain ta in s in good r e p a i r the s h e e t - m e t a l
e q u ip m e n t and f i x t u r e s (s uch as m ac h in e g uards, g r e a s e pans, s h e l v e s ,
l o c k e r s , tan k s, v e n t i l a t o r s , c hutes, ducts, m e t a l r o o f i n g ) o f an e s ta b l i s h m e n t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g and la y in g out all ty p e s o f
s h e e t - m e t a l m a i n te n a n c e w o r k f r o m b lu e p rin ts
lo d e ls , o r other s p e c ific a ­
t i o n s ; s e tti n g up and o p e r a t i n g all a v a i l a b l e ty p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k i n g
m a c h i n e s ; using a v a r i e t y o f handtools in cutting, bendin g, f o r m i n g , shaping,
f i t t i n g , and a s s e m b l i n g ; and i n s ta llin g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s as r e q u i r e d . In
g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s roun ded
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u ally a c q u i r e d th ro ugh a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n does not
in clud e m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s ( t o o l r o o m ) e m p l o y e d in t o o l and die job b in g
shops.
T O O L A N D DIE M A K E R
C on s tr u c ts and r e p a i r s j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cutting t o o l s , gau g es , o r
m e t a l d ie s o r m o l d s
used in shaping o r f o r m i n g m e t a l o r n o n m e ta l l i c
m a t e r ia l (e .g ,, p la stic, p la s te r, rubber, g la s s).
W o rk typ ica lly in v o lv e s :
P la n n in g and la y in g out w o r k a c c o r d i n g to m o d e l s , b l u e p r in ts , d ra w in g s , o r
o t h e r w r i t t e n o r o r a l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; un de rs tand in g the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f
c o m m o n m e t a l s and a l l o y s ; s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r i a t e m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , and
p r o c e s s e s r e q u i r e d to c o m p l e t e tas k; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y shop com putations;
s e ttin g up and o p e r a t i n g v a r i o u s m ac h in e t o o l s and r e l a t e d eq uip m en t; using
v a r i o u s t o o l and die m a k e r ' s handtoo ls and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s tru m e n ts ;
w o r k i n g to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g m e t a l p a r ts and f in is h e d to ols
and d ie s to a c h i e v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; fittin g and a s s e m b l i n g p arts to p r e ­
s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s and a l l o w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l , the t o o l and die m a k e r ' s
w o r k r e q u i r e s rounded t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e
u s u ally a c q u i r e d th ro u gh f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and
exp erien ce.

M IL L W R IG H T
In s t a l l s n e w m a c h i n e s o r he av y equip m ent, and d i s m a n tl e s and
i n s t a l l s m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e qu ip m en t when changes in the plant layout a r e
r e q u i r e d . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g and l a y i n g out w o r k ;
i n t e r p r e t i n g b l u e p r i n t s o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; using a v a r i e t y o f handtoo ls
and r i g g i n g ; m a k i n g s tan d a rd shop com putations r e la tin g to s t r e s s e s , s tr e n g t h
o f m a t e r i a l s , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; ali gnin g and b a la n c in g e quip m en t;
s e l e c t i n g s ta n d a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t, and p a r ts to be used; and in s t a l l i n g and
m a i n t a i n i n g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n equip m ent such as d r i v e s and
speed red u cers.
In g e n e r a l , the m i l l w r i g h t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a
roun ded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e in the t r a d e a c q u ir e d th ro ugh a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i h g and e x p e r i e n c e .




F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n does not
in c lu d e t o o l and die m a k e r s who (1) a r e e m p l o y e d in t o o l and die jobbing
shops o r (2) p ro d u c e f o r g i n g d ies (die s i n k e r s ) .

37

S T A T IO N A R Y E N G IN EE R

S H I P P E R A N D R E C E I V E R — Continued

O p e r a t e s and m ain ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v i s e the o p e r a t i o n o f
s ta tio n a r y e n g in e s and e quip m en t ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to supply the
e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p l o y e d w ith p o w e r , heat, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r con ditionin g. W o r k i n v o l v e s : O p e r a t i n g and m a in ta in in g e quip m en t such as
s te a m e n g i n e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b in e s , v e n tila t in g
and r e f r i g e r a t i n g equ ip m en t, s te a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r pum ps;
m ak ing e qu ip m en t r e p a i r s ; and k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t i o n o f m a c h i n e r y ,
t e m p e r a t u r e , and f u e l con su m ption.
M a y a ls o s u p e r v i s e th e s e o p e r a t i o n s .
Head o r c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s ta b l i s h m e n ts e m p l o y i n g m o r e than one e n g i n e e r
are excluded.

R e c e i v e r s t y p i c a l l y a r e r e s p o n s i b l e f o r m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
V e r i f y i n g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f i n c o m in g sh ip m en ts b y c o m p a r i n g i t e m s and
quantities unloaded again st b i l l s o f la d in g , i n v o i c e s , m a n i f e s t s , s t o r a g e
r e c e i p t s , o r other r e c o r d s ; check ing f o r d a m a g e d g ood s ; in s u r in g that
goods a r e a p p r o p r i a t e l y i d e n tif ie d f o r ro uting to d e p a rtm e n ts with in the
e s ta b lis h m e n t; p r e p a r i n g and k eep in g r e c o r d s o f goods r e c e i v e d .

Sh ipper
R e ce iv e r
S h ip per and r e c e i v e r

B O IL E R T E N D E R
F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to fu r n is h the e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h e m ­
p lo y e d w ith heat, p o w e r , o r s te a m .
F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e by hand o r
o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n i c a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; and checks w a t e r and
s a fe ty v a l v e s . M a y c le an, o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m equip m en t.

Material Movement and Custodial
TR U C K D R IV ER
D rives
a tr u c k w it h in a c ity o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t
m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e , equ ip m en t, o r w o r k e r s b e tw e e n v a r i o u s ty p e s o f
e s t a b lis h m e n ts such as: M an u fa ctu rin g p la n ts, f r e i g h t de po ts , w a r e h o u s e s ,
w h o l e s a l e and r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s ta b l i s h m e n ts and
c u s t o m e r s ' ho uses o r p l a c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M a y a ls o loa d o r unload tr u c k
with o r without h e l p e r s , m ak e m i n o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p tr u c k in
good w o r k i n g o r d e r .
S a l e s r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e e x c l u d e d .
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s ,
rate d c a p a c ity o f tr u c k , as f o l l o w s :

tru ck d rivers

are

c l a s s i f i e d by ty pe and

T r u c k d r i v e r , li g h t tru c k
(s t r a i g h t tr u c k , under I V 2 tons, u s u a lly 4 w h e e l s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d i u m tr uck
(s t r a i g h t t r u c k , IV2 to 4 tons i n c l u s i v e , usually 6 w h e e l s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y tr u c k
(s tr a i g h t tr u c k , o v e r 4 to n s , usuall y 10 w h e e l s )
T ru ck d river, tr a c to r -tr a ile r
SH IPPE R AND R E C E IV E R
P e r f o r m s c l e r i c a l and p h y s i c a l tas k s in con n e c tion w ith shipping
goods o f the e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ich e m p l o y e d and r e c e i v i n g i n c o m in g
shipments.
In p e r f o r m i n g d a y - t o - d a y , routin e t a s k s , f o l l o w s e s t a b l i s h e d
g u id elin e s. In ha ndling unusual nonroutin e p r o b l e m s , r e c e i v e s s p e c i f i c g u i d ­
ance f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r o t h e r o f f i c i a l s .
M a y d i r e c t and c o o rd in a te the
a c t i v i t i e s o f o t h e r w o r k e r s e n g a g e d in handling goods to be shipped o r being
received.
S h ip pe rs t y p i c a l l y a r e r e s p o n s i b l e f o r m o s t o f the fo l l o w i n g :
V e r i f y i n g that o r d e r s a r e a c c u r a t e l y f i l l e d by c o m p a r i n g i t e m s and quantities
o f goods g a th e r e d f o r s hip m en t again st doc um e nts ; in s u r in g that shipm en ts
ar e p r o p e r l y p a c k a g e d , i d e n t i f i e d w ith shipping i n f o r m a t i o n , and loa d e d into
tr a n s p o r tin g v e h i c l e s ; p r e p a r i n g and k e ep in g r e c o r d s o f goods ship ped, e . g . ,
m a n i f e s t s , b i l l s o f la ding.




F o r wage study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :

WAREHOUSEMAN
A s d i r e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f w a r e h o u s i n g duties w h ich r e q u i r e
an understanding o f the e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's s t o r a g e p l a n . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t
o f the f o l l o w i n g : V e r i f y i n g m a t e r i a l s ( o r m e r c h a n d i s e ) a g a in s t r e c e i v i n g
d oc u m e n ts , noting and r e p o r ti n g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and ob v iou s d a m a g e s ; routing
m a t e r i a l s to p r e s c r i b e d s to r a g e lo c a t i o n s ; s t o r i n g , s ta c k in g , o r p a l l e t i z i n g
m a t e r i a l s in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m e t h o d s ; r e a r r a n g i n g and
takin g in v e n t o r y o f s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s ; e x a m i n i n g s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s and r e ­
p o r t i n g d e t e r i o r a t i o n and d am age; r e m o v i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s t o r a g e and
p r e p a r i n g it f o r shipment. M ay o p e r a t e hand o r p o w e r tr u c k s in p e r f o r m i n g
w a r e h o u s i n g duties.

E xclu de w o r k e r s wh ose p r i m a r y duties i n v o l v e shipping and r e ­
c e i v i n g w o r k (see Sh ip per and R e c e i v e r and Shipping P a c k e r ) , o r d e r f i l l i n g
( s e e O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r op e r a tin g p o w e r tr u c k s ( s e e P o w e r - T r u c k O p e r a t o r ) .

ORDER F IL L E R
F i l l s shipping o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in is h e d goods f r o m s t o r e d
m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a le s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r oth e r in s tr u c tio n s .
M a y , in a d d it io n to f i l l i n g o r d e r s and i n ­
d ic a tin g i t e m s f i l l e d o r o m itte d , k e ep r e c o r d s o f ou tg oing o r d e r s , r e q u i s i t i o n
ad d ition al stock o r r e p o r t short s u p p lies to s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m o t h e r
r e l a t e d duties.

S H IP P IN G P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d pro ducts f o r s h ip m en t o r s t o r a g e by p la c in g th e m
in shipping c o n ta in e r s , the s p e c i f i c o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g dependent
upon the ty p e , s i z e , and nu m b e r o f units to be p a c k e d , the ty p e o f c o n ta in e r
e m p l o y e d , and m ethod o f shipment. W o r k r e q u i r e s the p la c in g o f i t e m s in
shipping con tain e rs and m a y in v o l v e one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l e d g e
o f v a r i o u s ite m s o f stock in o r d e r to v e r i f y content; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e
typ e and s i z e of con tain e r; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n ta in e r ; using e x c e l s i o r
o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g and s e a l i n g
c on ta in e r ; and applyin g lab e ls o r e n t e r i n g i d e n t i f y i n g data on c on tain e r .
P a c k e r s who also m ak e wood en b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e exc lu d e d .

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G L A B O R E R

G U A R D — Continued

A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m anufactu rin g plant, s t o r e , o r
o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t w h o s e duties in v o l v e one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g :
L o a d i n g and unload ing v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s and m e r c h a n d i s e on o r f r o m f r e i g h t
c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; unpacking, s h e l v i n g , o r p la c in g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s to r a g e lo c atio n ; and t r a n s p o r t i n g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e b y handtruck, c a r , o r w h e e l b a r r o w .
Longshore
w o r k e r s , who l o a d and unload s h ip s , a r e e x c l u d e d .

G uards e m p l o y e d b y e s ta b l i s h m e n ts w h ich p r o v i d e p r o t e c t i v e
v i c e s on a c o n tra c t b a s i s a r e includ ed in this occup ation.
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , guar ds a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :

C lass A .
E n f o r c e s r e g u la t io n s d e s i g n e d to p r e v e n t b r e a c h e s o f
secu rity.
E x e r c i s e s ju d g m e n t and uses d i s c r e t i o n in d e ali ng with e m e r ­
g en cies
and s e c u r i t y v i o l a t i o n s e n c o u n te r ed .
D eterm ines whether fir s t
r e s p o n s e should be to i n t e r v e n e d i r e c t l y (a s k in g f o r a s s i s ta n c e when d e e m e d
n e c e s s a r y and t i m e a l l o w s ) , to k e e p situ ation un der s u r v e i l l a n c e , o r to r e ­
p o r t situ atio n so that it can be handled by a p p r o p r i a t e author ity.
Duties
r e q u i r e s p e c i a l i z e d t r a i n i n g in m ethod s and techn iques o f p r o t e c t i n g s e c u r i t y
a r e a s . C o m m o n l y , the g u a r d is r e q u i r e d to d e m o n s t r a t e continuing p h y s i c a l
f i tn e s s and p r o f i c i e n c y w ith f i r e a r m s o r o t h e r s p e c i a l w eap on s.

PO W E R -TRU C K O PE R A TO R
O p e r a t e s a m a n u a l l y c o n t r o l l e d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d tru c k
o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t g o o d s and m a t e r i a l s o f a l l kinds about a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u f a c tu r in g pla nt, o r o t h e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s
tr u c k , as f o l l o w s :

ser­

C l a s s B . C a r r i e s out in s tr u c tio n s p r i m a r i l y o r i e n t e d t o w a r d i n ­
s u rin g that e m e r g e n c i e s and s e c u r i t y v i o l a t i o n s a r e r e a d i l y d i s c o v e r e d and
r e p o r t e d to a p p r o p r i a t e authority . I n t e r v e n e s d i r e c t l y on ly in situations which
r e q u i r e m i n i m a l a c tio n to s a f e g u a r d p r o p e r t y o r p e r s o n s .
Duties r e q u i r e
m i n i m a l tr a in in g .
C o m m o n l y , the g u ard is not r e q u i r e d to d e m o n s tr a te
p h y s i c a l f i t n e s s . M a y be a r m e d , but g e n e r a l l y is not r e q u i r e d to d e m o n s tr a te
p r o f i c i e n c y in the use o f f i r e a r m s o r s p e c i a l w eap on s.

a r e c l a s s i f i e d by ty p e o f p o w e r -

F orklift operator
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r ( o t h e r than f o r k l i f t )

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R
C lea n s and k e ep s in an o r d e r l y condition f a c t o r y w o r k i n g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , ap a r tm e n t ho use, o r c o m m e r c i a l o r
o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . Duties i n v o l v e a c o m b in a tio n o f the f o l l o w i n g : S w eep ing,
m op p in g o r s c ru b b in g , and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v i n g chips, t r a s h , and ot h e r
r e f u s e ; dusting e q u ip m en t, f u r n i t u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l fix tu r e s o r
t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v i d i n g s up p lie s and m i n o r m ain te n an c e s e r v i c e s ; and d e em in g
l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s who s p e c i a l i z e in win dow
w as h in g a r e e x c l u d e d .

GUARD
P r o t e c t s p r o p e r t y f r o m th eft o r d a m a g e , o r p e r s o n s f r o m h a za r d s
o r in terferen ce.
D uties i n v o l v e s e r v i n g at a f ix e d p ost, m ak in g rounds on
foo t o r b y m o t o r v e h i c l e , o r e s c o r t i n g p e rs o n s o r p r o p e r t y . M a y be depu tized
to m ak e
arrests.
M a y a ls o help v i s i t o r s and c u s t o m e r s by a n s w e r in g
qu e s tio n s and g i v i n g d i r e c t i o n s .




39

Service Contract
Act Surveys
The follo w in g areas are s u r ­
v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f o r use in a d m i n ­
i s t e r i n g the S e r v i c e C o n t ra c t A c t
o f 1965.
S u r v e y re s u lt s a r e pub ­
l is h e d in r e l e a s e s w h ic h a r e a v a i l a ­
b l e , at no c o s t, w h ile s up p lie s la st
f r o m any o f the B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s
shown on the b ack c o v e r .
A lask a (statew ide)
A lb a n y , Ga.
A l e x a n d r i a —L e e s v i l l e , La.
A lp e n a —
Standish—T a w a s C ity , M ic h .
Ann A r b o r , M ic h .
A t l a n t i c C i t y , N.J.
Augus ta, G a.—
S.C .
A us tin , T e x .
B a k e r s f i e l d , C a lif.
Bato n R o u g e , L a .
B a ttle C r e e k , M ic h .
B eaum ont—P o r t A r t h u r— range , T e x .
O
Bea umont—P o r t A r t h u r — r a n g e
O
and L a k e C h a r l e s , T e x . —L a .
B i l o x i —G u lfp o r t and P a s c a g o u l a —
Moss P oin t, M iss.
B ing ham ton , N . Y .
B irm in g h a m , Ala.
B lo o m in g to n —V i n c e n n e s , Ind.
B r e m e rton— elto n , Wash .
Sh
B r u n s w i c k , Ga.
C edar Rapids, Iow a
C ham paig n—Urb ana—Rantou l, 111.
C h a r l e s t o n —N o r t h C h a r le s t o n —
W a l t e r b o r o , S.C .
C h a r lo tt e —G a s to n ia , N .C .
Cheyen ne, W y o .
C l a r k s v i l l e —H o p k i n s v i l l e , T e n n .— y.
K
C o l o r a d o S p r i n g s , C olo .
C o lu m b ia — u m t e r , S.C .
S
C olum bus, Ga.—A la .
C olum bus, M i s s .
D e c a tu r , 111.
Des M o i n e s , I o w a
Duluth— u p e r i o r , M inn.—W is .
S
E l P a s o — l a m o g o r d o —L a s C r u c e s ,
A
T e x . —N. M e x .
E ugen e— p r i n g f i e l d —M e d f o r d , O r e g .
S
F a y e t t e v i l l e , N .C .




F o r t L a u d e r d a l e —H o lly w o o d
and W e s t P a l m B e a c h —
B o c a Rato n, F l a .
F o r t Sm ith , A r k . —
Okla.
F r e d e r i c k —H a g e r s t o w n —
C h a m b e r s b u r g , M d .—Pa.
G o l d s b o r o , N .C .
G rand Isla nd —H a s tin gs , N e b r .
G uam , T e r r i t o r y o f
H a r r i s b u r g —L e b a n o n , P a .
K n o x v i l l e , Tenn.
Laredo, Tex.
L a s V e g a s —T on op ah , N e v .
L i m a , Ohio
L i t t l e R ock—N o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k .
L o g a n s p o r t —P e r u , Ind.
L o r a i n —E l y r i a , Ohio
L o w e r E a s t e r n S h o r e , M d .— a . —D el.
V
M a c o n , Ga.
M adison, W is.
M a in e ( s t a t e w i d e )
M a n s f i e l d , O hio
M c A l l e n —P h a r r —Ed inb urg
and B r o w n s v i l i e —H a r l i n g e n —
San B e n i t o , T e x .
M erid ian , M iss.
M i d d l e s e x , M on m o uth, and
O c e a n C o s . , N .J .
M o b i l e —P e n s a c o l a —P a n a m a C ity ,
A l a . —F l a .
M on tana ( s t a t e w i d e )
N a s h v i l l e —D a v id s o n , Tenn.
N e w B e r n —J a c k s o n v i l l e , N .C .
N ew H am psh ire (statew ide)
N e w London—N o r w i c h , Conn.—R .I.
N o r t h Dakota ( s t a t e w i d e )
Northern New Y o r k
N orthw est T exas
O rlando, Fla.
O x n a r d — i m i V a l l e y —V e n tu r a , C a lif.
S
P e o r i a , 111.
P hoen ix, A r i z .
P i n e B lu ff, A r k .
P u e b l o , C olo.
P u e rto R ico
R a l e i g h —D u r h am , N .C .
Reno, N e v .
S a li n a, K ans .

S a lin as —
Seasid e—M o n t e r e y , C a lif.
Sandusky, Ohio
Santa B a r b a r a —
Santa M a r i a —
L o m p o c , C a lif.
Savannah, Ga.
S e l m a , A la .
S h r e v e p o r t , La.
South Dakota (s ta te w id e )
Southern Idaho
Southwe st V i r g i n i a
Spokane, Wash.
S p r i n g f i e l d , 111.
Stockton, Calif.
T a c o m a , Wash.
Tampa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F la .
T o p e k a , Kans.
T u c s o n —D o u g l a s , A r i z .
T u l s a , Okla.
U p p e r P e n in s u la , M ic h.
V e r m o n t ( s ta te w id e )
V i r g i n Islands o f the U.S.
W a c o and K i l l e e n — e m p l e , T e x .
T
W a t e r l o o —C e d a r F a l l s , Io wa
W e s t V i r g i n i a ( s ta te w id e )
W i c h i t a F a l l s —Law ton —Altus ,
T ex.—
Okla.
W i l m i n g to n , Del .—N.J .—Md.
Y akim a—Richland—K e n n e w ic k —
P e n d le to n , Wash .—O r e g .

ALSO A V A IL A B L E —
An annual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r
accoun ta n ts , a u d ito r s , c h ie f ac c o u n t­
ants, a t t o r n e y s , jo b a n a ly s ts , d i r e c ­
to rs of person nel, bu yers, chem ists,
e n g i n e e r s , e n g i n e e r i n g te c h n icia n s ,
d ra ft e r s , a n d c l e r ic a l em p lo yees
is a v a i l a b l e .
O r d e r as B L S B u l l e ­
tin 1980, N a tio n a l S u r v e y o f P r o ­
fess io n a l, A d m in is tra tiv e , T ech n ical
and C l e r i c a l P a y , M a r c h 1977, $ 2 .4 0
a c o p y , f r o m any o f the B L S r e ­
g i o n a l s a le s o f f i c e s shown on the
b ac k c o v e r , o r f r o m the S u p e r i n ­
tendent o f D o c u m e n ts , U.S. G o v e r n ­
m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a sh ing ton ,
D . C . 20402.

VU.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1979 - 640-048/89

Area Wage
Surveys
A l i s t o f the l a t e s t b u lle tin s a v a i l a b l e is p r e s e n t e d b e l o w .
B u lle tin s
m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m any o f th e B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s shown on the bac k
c o v e r , o r f r o m the S u p e r in te n d e n t o f D oc u m e n ts , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g
O f f i c e , W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . 20402.
M a k e che cks p ay ab le to Superin te ndent o f
D o c u m e n ts .
A d i r e c t o r y o f o c c u p a ti o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s , c o v e r i n g the y e a r s
1970 th ro u gh 1976, is a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t .

Area
A k r o n , O h i o , D e c . 1977__________________________________________
A lb a n y —Sch en e ctad y —T r o y , N . Y . , Sept. 1977_________________
A n a h e i m —Santa A n a—G a r d e n G r o v e ,
C a l i f . , O c t. 1977................. .................... ............................ ...........
A t l a n t a , G a., M a y 1978 1.......................................................... .......
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , A u g . 1978 1____________________________________
B i l l i n g s , M o n t . , J uly 1978_______________________________________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1978__________________________________
B o s to n , M a s s . , A u g . 1978 1 _____________________________________
B u f f a l o , N . Y . , O c t. 1977 -........... .................................................. .
Canton, O h io , M a y 1978__________________________________________
C h attan o og a, T e n n . —G a . , Sept. 1978 1 -------------------------------C h i c a g o , 111., M a y 1978..................... ..............................................
C i n c i n n a ti , O hio —K y . —I n d . , July 1978__________________________
C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , Sept. 1978_____________________________________
C o lu m b u s , O h io , O c t. 1 9 77 -----------------------------------------------C or p u s C h r i s t i , T e x . , July 1978_______________________________
D a l l a s - F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t. 1978
............ .........................
D a v e n p o r t—R o c k Isla n d —M o l i n e , Iow a—111., F e b . 1978-------D ay ton , O h io , D e c . 1977 1________________________________________
D ay ton a B e a c h , F l a . , A u g . 1978----- ----------------------------------D e n v e r —B o u l d e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1977 1___________________________
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , M a r . 1978_______________________________________
F r e s n o , C a l i f . , June 1978 1 ----------------------------------------------G a i n e s v i l l e , F l a . , Sept. 1978____________________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , July 1978 1___________________________________
G r e e n s b o r o —W i n s t o n - S a l e m — i g h P o i n t,
H
N . C . , A u g . 1978.......................... ........ ............................................
G r e e n v i l l e —S p a r ta n b u r g , S . C . , June 1978_____________________
H a r t f o r d , C onn., M a r . 1978 1 ___________________________________
H o u sto n , T e x . , A p r . 1978________________________________________
H u n t s v i l l e , A l a . , F e b . 1 9 78----------------------------------------------I n d i a n a p o l i s , In d., O c t. 1 9 77---------------------------------------------J a c k s o n , M i s s . , Jan. 1 978_______________________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 7 7 __________________________________
K a n s a s C i t y , M o . —K a n s . , Sept. 1978---------------------------------L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , O ct. 1977---------------------L o u i s v i l l e , K y.—Ind ., N o v . 1977 1_______________________________
M e m p h i s , T e nn.—A r k . —M i s s ., N o v . 1977---------------------------




B u l l e t i n nu m b er
and p r i c e *
1950-70, 80 cents
1950-52, 80 cents
1950-60,
2025-28,
2025-50,
2025-38,
2025-15,
2025-43,
1950-58,
2025-22,
2025-51,
2025-32,
2025-39,
2025-49,
1950-64,
2025-29,
2025-52,
2 0 25 -6 ,
1950-71,
2025-48,
1950-74,
2025-11,
2025-31,
2025-45,
2025-41,

$1.00
$1.4 0
$1.50
$1.00
80 cents
$1.50
$ 1 .0 0
70 cents
$1.2 0
$1 .30
$1.10
$ 1.3 0
$ 1.0 0
$ 1.0 0
$ 1.5 0
70 cents
$ 1.1 0
$1.00
$1.40
$1.20
$1.20
$1.00
$1.20

2025-46,
2025-30,
202'5-14,
2025-23,
2 0 25 -4 ,
1950-56,
20 25 -1 ,
1950-67,
2025-53,
1950-61,
1950-66,
1950-63,

$1.00
$ 1.0 0
$1.20
$1.20
70 cents
$1.00
70 cents
70 cents
$1.30
$1.20
$1.20
70 cents

Area
M i a m i , F l a . , Oct. 1977_______________________________ ____ _____
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1978 1___________ ____ _________________
M i n n e a p o l i s —St. P a u l , M inn.—W i s . , Jan. 1978 1_____________
N a s s a u — ffolk , N . Y . , June 1978 1
Su
___________________ ____ ____
N e w a r k , N . J . , Jan. 1978 1 ____________ _____ _____________________
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , Jan. 1978_____ _____________________________
N e w Y o r k , N . Y « —N . J . , M a y 1 9 7 8 1______________________ ______
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B ea ch —P o r t s m o u t h , V a.—
N . C . , M a y 1978.................— ...................................... ...............
P
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B e a c h — o r t s m o u t h and
N e w p o r t N e w s —H a m p to n , V a . - N . C . , M a y 1978____________
N o r t h e a s t P e n n s y l v a n i a , Au g . 1978____________________________
O k la h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , Au g . 1978____________________ ____ ____
O m a h a , N e b r —I o w a , O ct. 1 9 7 7 1 ________________________ ______
P a t e r s o n - C l i f t o n —P a s s a i c , N .J . , June 1978 1 _______________
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a —N .J . , N o v . 1978____________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1978_____________________ ____ ____ _____ _
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , D e c . 1977__________ ________ ________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h . , M a y 1978____________________________
P o u g h k e e p s i e , N . Y . , June 1978 1 ______________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie —K in g s ton —N e w b u r g h , N . Y . , June 1978 1_____
P r o v i d e n c e — a r w i c k —P a w t u c k e t , R .I.—
W
M a s s . , June 1978________________ ______ ________ _______ ______ __
R ic h m o n d , V a . , June 1978____ ________________ _____ ___________
St. L o u i s , M o .—111., M a r . 1978_________________________________
S a c r a m e n to , C a l i f . , D ec. 1977 1_______________ _____ ___________
Sagin aw, M i c h . , N o v . 1977.................. ........................... .............
Salt L a k e C ity —O g de n , Utah, N o v . 1 9 77 ._____________________
San A n to n io , T e x . , M a y 1978__________________________________
San D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1 9 7 7 1_________________________________
San F r a n c i s c o —O akland, C a l i f . , M a r . 1978 1_________________
San J o s e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1978 1__________________________________
Se attle —E v e r e t t , W a s h . , D ec. 1977____________________________
South Bend, Ind., Au g . 1978____________________________________
T o l e d o , O hio—M i c h . , M a y 1978 1______________________________
T r e n t o n , N . J . , Sept. 1 9 7 8 1_____________________________________
Utica—R o m e , N . Y . , July 1978__________________________________
W a sh in g ton , D .C .—Md.—V a . , M a r . 1978 1 ____________________
W i c h i t a , K a n s . , A p r . 1978..... ............... .................... ..................
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , A p r . 1 9 7 8 1 ________________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1978 1............................................... ....................

Bulletin number
and p r i c e *
1950-57,
2025-18,
2025-2,
2025-33,
2025-7,
2025-5,
2025-35,

$1.00
$1.40
$1.40
$1.30
$1.40
$1.00
$1.50

2025-20, 70 cents
2025-21,
2025-47,
2025-40,
1950-55,
2025-36,
2025-54,
2025-3,
1950-69,
2025-25,
2025-37,
2025-42,

80 cents
$1.00
$1.00
$1-10
$1.20
$1.30
$1.10
70 cents
$1.00
$1.10
$1.20

2025-27,
2025-26,
2025-13,
1950-72,
1950-59,
1950-68,
2025-17,
1950-73,
2025-10,
2025-9,
1950-75,
2025-44,
2025-24,
2025-55,
2025-34,
2025-12,
2025-16,
2025-19,
2025-8,

$1.40
80 cents
$1.20
$1.00
70 cents
80 cents
70 cents
$1.10
$1.40
$1.20
80 cents
$1.00
$1.20
$1.20
$1.00
$1.40
80 cents
$1.10
$1.10

* Prices are determined by the Government Printing O ffice and are subject to change.
1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

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Region I

Region II

Region lit

Region IV

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Phone: 223-6761 (Area C o de617)

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New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Delaware
D istrict of Colum bia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
M ississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Region V

Region VI

Regions VII and VIII

Regions IX and X

9th Floor, 230 S. Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)

Second Floor
555 G riffin Square Building
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 767-69 71 (Area Code 214)

Federal O ffice Building
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo 64106
Phone 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone:556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Texas

VII

VIII

IX

X

Iowa
Kansas
M issouri
Nebraska

Colorado
Montana
North Dakota
South Dakota
Utah

Arizona
C alifornia
Hawaii
Nevada

Alaska
Idaho
Oregon
Washington

Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
Wisconsin




Wyoming


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102