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J-

Area
Wage
Survey
Bulletin 2025-50
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics




C?

Baltimore, Maryland,
Metropolitan Area
August 1978

Preface
This bulletin provides results of an August 1978 survey of occupa­
tional earnings and supplementary wage benefits in the Baltim ore, Maryland,
Standard Metropolitan Statistical A rea. The survey was made as part of
the Bureau of Labor Statistics' annual area wage survey program. It was
conducted by the Bureau's regional office in Philadelphia, P a., under the
general direction of Irwin L. Feigenbaum, Assistant Regional Commissioner
for Operations. The survey could not have been accomplished without the
cooperation of the many firm s whose wage and salary data provided the
basis for the statistical information in this bulletin. The Bureau wishes
to express sincere appreciation for the cooperation received.
Material in this publication is in the public domain and may be
reproduced without perm ission of the Federal Government.
Please credit
the Bureau of Labor Statistics and cite the name and number of this
publication.




Note:

Reports on occupational earnings and supplementary wage provisions
in the Baltimore area are available for department stores (May 1977),
contract cleaning (July 1977), machinery manufacturing (January 1978),
moving and storage (August 1978), and laundries and dry cleaning (August
1978) industries. Also available are reports on occupational earnings and
supplementary benefits for municipal workers in the city of Baltimore
(October 1976) as well as listings of union wage rates for building trades,
printing trades, local-transit operating em ployees, local truckdrivers and
helpers, and grocery store employees.
Free copies of these are available
from the Bureau's regional offices.
(See back cover for addresses.)

Area
Wage
Survey

Baltimore, Maryland,
Metropolitan Area
August 1978

U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Janet L. Norwood
Acting Commissioner
December 1978
Bulletin 2025-50

Contents

\ 't

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Page

Introduction________________________________________

T ables— Continued

2

T ables:
A.

Earnings, all establishments:
A -l.
Weekly earnings of office w o rk ers__
A -2 .
Weekly earnings of professional
and technical workers_______________
A -3 .
Average weekly earnings of
office, professional, and
technical workers, by s e x __________
A -4 .
Hourly earnings of maintenance,
toolroom , and powerplant

3
6

A - 6.

A -7 .

Earnings, large establishments—
Continued
A - 12. Hourly earnings of material
movement and custodial
w orkers______________________________ 21
A - 13. Average hourly earnings of
maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, m aterial movement, and
custodial workers, by se x _________ 22

8

workers_____________________________ 10
A - 5.

Page

Hourly earnings of material
movement and custodial w o rk ers__ 11
Average hourly earnings of
maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, m aterial movement, and
custodial workers, by s e x ___________13
Percent increases in average
hourly earnings, adjusted for
employment shifts, for selected
occupational groups__________________ 14

Earnings, large establishments:
A - 8.
Weekly earnings of office w ork ers__15
A - 9.
Weekly earnings of professional
and technical workers________________17
A - 10. Average weekly earnings of
office, professional, and

technical workers, by sex__________ 19
A - 11. Hourly earnings of maintenance,
toolroom, and powerplant
w orkers_______________________________ 20

B. Establishment practices and
supplementary wage provisions:
Bi-1.
Minimum entrance salaries for
inexperienced typists and clerks____23
B -2 .
Late-shift pay provisions for
full-tim e manufacturing
production and related w orkers_____24
B -3 .
Scheduled weekly hours and days of
full-tim e first-sh ift workers________ 25
B -4 .
Annual paid holidays for full-tim e
w ork ers_______________________________ 26
B -5 .
Paid vacation provisions for
full-tim e w orkers___;________________ 27
B -6 .
Health, insurance, and pension
plans for fu ll-tim e w orkers_________ 30
B -7 .
Life insurance plans for
full-tim e w orkers____________________ 31
Appendix A .
Appendix B .

Scope and method of su rv ey _________ 35
Occupational descriptions____________ 40

Introduction
This area is 1 of 75 in which the U.S. Department of Labor's Bu­
reau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings and re ­
lated benefits. (See list of areas on inside back cover.) In each area,
occupational earnings data (A -se r ie s tables) are collected annually. Infor­
mation on establishment practices and supplementary wage benefits (B series tables) is obtained every third year.
Each year after all individual area wage surveys have been com ­
pleted, two summary bulletins are issued. The first brings together data
for each metropolitan area surveyed; the second presents national and re ­
gional estim ates, projected from individual metropolitan area data, for all
Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas in the United States, excluding Alaska
and Hawaii.

Table A -7 provides percent changes in average hourly earnings of
office clerical workers, electronic data processing w orkers, industrial
nurses, skilled maintenance trades w orkers, and unskilled plant workers.
Where possible, data are presented for all industries and for manufacturing
and nonmanufacturing separately.
Data are not presented for skilled m ain­
tenance workers in nonmanufacturing because the number of workers em ­
ployed in this occupational group in nonmanufacturing is too small to warrant
separate presentation.
This table provides a m easure of wage trends after
elimination of changes in average earnings caused by employment shifts
among establishments as well as turnover of establishments included in
survey samples. For further details, see appendix A.
B -s e r i e s tables

A major consideration in the area wage survey program is the need
to describe the level and movement of wages in a variety of labor markets,
through the analysis of (1) the level and distribution of wages by occupation,
and (2) the movement of wages by occupational category and skill level.
The program develops information that may be used for many purposes,
including wage and Salary administration, collective bargaining, and a s­
sistance in determining plant location. Survey results also are used by thet
U.S. Department of Labor to make wage determinations under the Service
Contract Act of 1965.

The B -s e r ie s tables p r e s e n t in fo rm a tio n on m in im u m en tra n ce
s a la r ie s f o r in ex p erien ced typists and c le r k s ; la t e -s h ift pay p r o v is io n s and
p r a c t ic e s fo r p rod u ction and re la te d w o r k e r s in m an u factu rin g ; and data
se p a r a te ly fo r p rod u ction and rela ted w o r k e r s and o ffic e w o rk e r s on s c h e d ­
u led w eek ly hours and days of f ir s t - s h if t w o r k e r s ; paid h o lid a y s ; paid v a c a ­
tio n s ; health, in su ran ce, and p en sion p la n s; and m o r e d e ta ile d in fo rm a tio n
on life in su ran ce plans.

A - s e r i e s ta b les

A ppendix A d e s c r ib e s the m eth od s and c o n c e p ts u sed in the a rea
w age su rv e y p r o g r a m . It p r o v id e s in fo rm a tio n on the s c o p e o f the a rea
su r v e y , the a r e a 's in d u stria l c o m p o s itio n in m a n u fa ctu rin g , and l a b o r m anagem ent ag reem en t c o v e r a g e .

Tables A - l throjxgh A -6 provide estimates of straight-tim e weekly
or hourly earnings for workers in occupations common to a variety of
manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries.
For the 31 largest survey
areas, tables A - 8 through A - 13 provide sim ilar data for establishments
employing 500 workers or more.




Appendixes

Appendix B p ro v id e s jo b d e s c r ip tio n s u sed by B u reau
o m ists to c la s s ify w o rk e r s by o ccu p a tion .

fie ld e c o n ­

A.

E a rn in g s

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Baltimore, Md., August 1978
Weekly earaing^^^™
(standard)

O c c u p a tio n a nd in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
woxken

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N u m ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e w e e k ly earn in g s of—
$

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range2

t

$

*
90

100

110

S
120

1
13 0

S
140

S
150

$
160

S
170

*

1
180

200

$
220

260

280

300

320

3 40

*

*

$

S

$

*

S

*
240

360

380

and
under

400

and
1 10

12 0

130

140

150

160

170

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

32 0

340

36 0

380

400

-

100

-

6
3
3
-

35
6
29
-

91
4
87

159
25
134
11

169
26
143
5

314
115
199
13

457
102
355
13

453
133
320
31

422
112
310
28

382
1 81
201
48

150
76
74
11

208
71
13 7
93

90
55
35
11

82
21
61
53

48
15
33
29

26
6
20
11

1
~
1
1

18
12
6
5

-

-

_
”

15

_
~

32
28
4

16
12
4

10
7
3

50
29
21

11
9
2

5
~
5

7
3
4

3
3
“

9
2
7

5
3
2

8
2
6

1

15

1
1
“

over

ALL WORKERS
S E C R E TA R IE S ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------P U B L IC U T IL IT IE S -------------------------------

3 .1 1 1
963
2 ,1 4 8
36 3

3 9.0
3 9.5
39.0
39.0

221 .50
2 34 .50
216.00
2 75 .00

$
$
2 1 3 • 00 1 8 0 . 0 0 - 2 5 4 . 0 0
2 33 .00 1 8 4 .0 0 -2 6 5 .0 0
2 06 .00 1 7 6 .5 0 -2 4 2 .5 0
2 89.00 2 3 0 .0 0 -3 2 5 .0 0

-

-

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS A ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

1 73
99
74

39.0
39.5
39.0

2 30 .50
2 22 .50
2 4 1 .00

228 .00
2 28 .00
2 30 .00

1 7 8 .5 0 -2 4 1 .5 0
1 7 8 .5 0 -2 2 9 .0 0
1 78 .50 -2 90 .50

“

_
-

S E C R E T A R IE S . C LASS B ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

537
177
3 60

38.5
39.5
38.5

233.00
2 4 6 .00
226.50

229 .00
2 36 .50
222 .00

1 9 0 .0 0 -2 8 3 .0 0
1 9 5 .0 0 -3 0 8 .5 0
1 9 0 .0 0 -2 6 3 .5 0

“

■

“

-

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS C ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

1 .0 1 4
3 66
6 48

39.5
39.5
39.0

221 .50
2 38 .50
2 11 .50

216.00
2 41 .00
2 06 .50

1 8 4 .0 0 -2 5 5 .5 0
1 9 7 .5 0 -2 7 6 .0 0
1 8 2 .0 0 -2 3 9 .0 0

-

-

-

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS D ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S -------------------------------

787
202
585
15 8

3 9.0
40.0
3 8.5
3 8 .5

218 .00
2 25 .50
215 .50
2 5 5 .50

2 16.50
2 11 .00
2 19 .00
254 .00

1 78 .00 -2 44 .00
1 8 1 .0 0 -2 5 2 .5 0
1 7 7 .0 0 -2 4 2 .0 0
2 3 6 .0 0 -2 9 4 .0 0

-

-

-

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS E ---------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

461
34 4

3 9 .5 1 89 .00
39. 5 1 75 .50

182.00
174.50

1 5 9 .5 0 -2 0 7 .0 0
1 5 4 .0 0 -1 9 1 .0 0

-

-

STENOGRAPHERS -------------------------------------------------M A N U FA C TU R IN G ------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S -------------------------------

7 11
371
34 0
159

39.5
40. 0
39.0
3 9.5

220 .00
224 .00
2 16 .00
260 .00

2 24 .50
2 38 .00
2 05.00
2 82.50

1 7 5 .0 0 -2 5 4 .5 0
1 9 6 .0 0 -2 3 8 .0 0
1 5 7 .0 0 -2 8 1 .0 0
2 1 8 .0 0 -2 9 6 .5 0

-

-

STENOG RAPHERS. GENERAL ----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------------

48 2
276
2 06
140

40.0
40. 0
3 9 .5
3 9.5

227 .00
2 24 .00
231 .00
2 58 .50

2 36.00
2 38.00
2 32.00
293 .00

1 8 4 .0 0 -2 5 2 .0 0
1 9 6 .0 0 -2 3 8 .0 0
1 8 4 .0 0 -2 9 6 .5 0
2 0 7 .0 0 -2 9 6 .5 0

-

-

STENOG RAPHERS. SEN IO R -------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

229
95
134

3 8 .5 206 .00
39.5 2 2 4 .5 0
38. 0 1 9 2 .50

2 12 .00
2 20.00
159.00

1 5 7 .0 0 -2 5 4 .5 0
2 0 2 .0 0 -2 5 4 .5 0
1 4 9 .5 0 -2 4 4 .5 0

-

T Y P IS T S ---------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S -------------------------------

1 .0 2 4
26 7
757
1 50

38.5
3 9 .5
38. 0
3 9.5

1 75 .00
200 .00
166 .00
2 41 .50

1 58.00
188.50
147.00
2 64 .00

1 3 1 .5 0 -2 0 2 .5 0
1 5 0 .5 0 -2 2 4 .0 0
1 2 8 .0 0 -1 8 2 .5 0
2 2 6 .5 0 -2 6 4 .0 0

T Y P IS T S . CLASS A -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

53 9
181
358

38.5
4 0 .0
38.0

1 90 .00
212 .00
1 78 .50

173.00
1 97.50
158.00

1 3 8 .0 0 -2 3 7 .0 0
1 7 1 .5 0 -2 6 7 .0 0
1 3 4 .0 0 -1 9 5 .5 0

48 5

» 38.5
39.5
3 8.5

1 58 .00
1 75 .50
1 54 .50

142.00
1 64 .00
141.00

1 2 2 .5 0 -1 8 1 .0 0
1 3 6 .0 0 -2 1 0 .0 0
1 2 2 .5 0 -1 7 9 .0 0

T Y P IS T S . CLASS B -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------N0NM ANUFACTURIN6 ------------------------------------

S e e fo o tn o te s

86

39 9

“

11
11

40
35
5

92
15
77

52
8
44

88
33
55

67
27
40

16
1
15

59
9
50

49
29
20

16
11
5

6
6

3
1
2

-

2
1
1

7
3
4

25
4
21

26
5
21

46
3
43

97
34
63

159
44
1 15

176
55
121

127
28
99

13 5
44
91

112
68
44

72
55
17

17
11
6

4
2
2

2
2
”

1
1

-

7
7
“

3
2
1
~

13
13

42
13
29
6

72
20
52

81
8
73
10

140
60
80
11

140
18
122
17

91
26
65
48

17
7
10

69
4
65
60

6
4
2
“

-

3
3

-

7
6
1
-

3
3

“

79
16
63
~

18
12

3
“
2
~

22
21

48
48

47
41

35
32

56
54

10 6
83

51
50

17
13

77
2

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

"

34

20
3
17
2

39

51
36
15
4

47
32
15
1

65
29
36
26

80
55
25
7

1 55
124
31
21

63
41
22
7

21
11
10
5

9
57
52

44
12
32
32

14
12
2
2

1
1
-

9
3

6

6

54
23
31
25

43
27
16
7

149
124
25
20

11
4
7
5

6
3
3
1

52
9
43
43

44
12
32
32

1
1

“

37
23
14
1

12
12
-

2

36
29
7
4

52
37
15

15
8
7

14

_

14

-

6

3

a

3
“

8
“

3

6

3
“

6
”

~

-

2
~
2

21
21

11

33
33

15
7
8

10
9
1

11

5

37
28
9

-

11

3
~
3
“

19
19
”

82
9
73
~

129
21
1 08
“

125
22
103

100
15
85
3

75
8
67
18

60
25
35
3

71
23
48
1

89
36
53
2

50
26
24
9

70
24
46
24

10
7
3

75
14
61
61

20

-

-

49
10
39

73
10
63

44
9
35

41
7
34

24
3
21

50
16
34

65
34
31

14
13
1

25
22
3

5
5

73
12
61

12

“

21
6
15

19

61

80

56

34

36

5
2

2
2

69

36
13
23

45

58

21
7
14

24

19

52
12
40

~
~

3
-

3

"

3

at end o f ta b le s .




28
1
27

3

~

5
5

1
1
“

“

3
3

“

-

1

3

11

34

13
13

6

6

50

6

33
“

1
33

22

14

6

2
22

6
6

2

43

3

66

6

-

-

-

“

“

~

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

28
13
15
15

11
11
-

-

-

3
3

“

4
4
“

“

~
“

“

11
11

4
4

-

6
6

28
13
15

~

“

“

8

-

-

-

-

-

6

14
14

8

-

-

3

3

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Baltimore, Md., August 1978— Continued
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

NumUi
wodten

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard]

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of—

$

S
90

Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

S
100

S
110

120

S >'
130

$

$
140

150

%'r
160

$

$

S
170

180

S

S
220

200

*

$
240

260

*

*

S
280

300

320

i

i
340

360

i
380

an d
under

400
a nd

100

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED

$

$

110

120

130

140

150

160

17 0

180

20 0

220

240

260

2 80

300

320

340

360

380

400

over

2
2

56
18
38
~

102
45
57

63

50
1
49

38
1
37

16
16
-

25
20
5

11
2
9
1

13
3
10
4

25
22
3
2

8
3
5
5

7
i
6
6

1
-

3
3
-

12
12
12

9
9
9

1
1

1
~
1
1

-

“

3
3
3

2

3
2
1

22
22

6
6

_
-

8
8

8
8

1
1
“

-

-

-

-

3
3
-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

“

“

~

16
~
16
16

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

2
-

-

“

“

“

-

-

-

3
3
-

-

-

~

“

_

_
-

-

F IL E CLERKS ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NO N HANUFACTURING ------------------------------ -P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------------

446
12 0
32 6
44

38. 5
3 9.5
38.5
39.5

151.00
1 52 .50
150 .00
2 8 3 .50

130 .00
115.00
1 30.00
303 .50

$
$
1 1 4 .0 0 -1 6 1 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0 -2 0 0 .0 0
1 1 4 .5 0 -1 4 9 .0 0
2 2 6 .5 0 -3 2 4 .0 0

F IL E C L E R K S . CLASS B -------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

259
81
1 78

3 9 .0 155 .00
4 0 .0 154.00
38. 5 155.00

1 3 2 .50
1 15 .00
135 .00

1 2 0 .0 0 -1 5 1 .0 0
1 1 4 .0 0 -2 1 4 .0 0
1 2 6 .5 0 -1 4 7 .0 0

-

19
18
1

46
31
15

47
47

42
1
41

35
1
34

12
12

2

3
3

-

2
2
-

F IL E C L E R K S . CLASS C ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

1 58
121

38. 0 133.00
38. 5 1 3 0 .00

1 13 .00
1 12 .50

1 1 0 .0 0 -1 5 9 .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0 -1 2 5 .5 0

2
2

37
37

56
42

16
16

5
5

1
1

1
1

20
-

5
3

4
3

2
2

5
5

MESSENGERS -----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PU B LIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------------

2 72
55
217
67

38. 0 160.50
4 0 .0 171 .00
37. 5 157 .50
39. 0 2 05.00

1 46 .50
1 63 .00
1 41 .50
213.50

1 3 3 .0 0 -1 7 0 .0 0
1 6 0 .0 0 -1 8 6 .0 0
1 2 9 .0 0 -1 7 0 .0 0
1 4 5 .0 0 -2 5 1 .0 0

-

12
1
11

22
22
-

23
23

47
1
46
9

37
5
32
15

14
2
12
1

39
24
15
1

21
1
20
5

13
13
-

12
8
4
4

11
11
11

5
5
5

_

42
21

21
18

33
31

14
12
5

17
10
7

1
-

14
12
12

3
3
3

“

46
28
18
3

56
45
11
1

29
27
2

33
28
5

10

7
7

-

-

-

-

10 0
53
47

1
1

2

35
53

81
36
45

63

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PU B LIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------------

246
1 99
27

38.5
3 8.5
39.5

1 75.00
1 70 .00
254 .50

1 6 1 .00
160 .50
2 77 .50

1 4 4 .0 0 -2 0 0 .0 0
1 38 .00 -2 00 .00
2 2 6 .5 0 -2 7 7 .5 0

6
6

10
10

5
5

18
16

15
15

19
17

24
23

SWITCHBOARD O P E R A TO R -R E C E P TIO N IS T S
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------------

4 85
251
23 4
44

3 9 .5 1 55 .50
3 9 . 5 165 .50
3 9 .5 145 .00
39. 5 1 61 .50

150 .50
1 6 0 .00
135 .00
146 .00

1 2 8 .0 0 -1 7 4 .5 0
1 3 5 .0 0 -1 8 0 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0 -1 5 8 .0 0
1 4 5 .0 0 -1 5 9 .5 0

-

-

82
37
45

59
22
37
6

48
9
39

45
5
40
17

58
39
19
10

ORDER CLERKS ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

67 8
34 9
329

3 9 .5
39. 5
39.5

167 .50
1 62.00
1 74 .00

1 6 4 .50
1 59 .00
171 .00

1 4 5 .0 0 -1 9 0 .0 0
1 4 5 .0 0 -1 8 5 .0 0
1 4 5 .0 0 -1 9 0 .0 0

-

53
27
26

38
14
24

66
38
28

66
56
10

70
50
20

OROER C L E R K S . CLASS A ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

30 3
16 0
14 3

40. 0 183.50
3 9 .5 1 73.00
40. 0 1 95.50

185 .00
1 70.00
1 90.00

1 6 0 .0 0 -1 9 5 .0 0
1 5 8 .0 0 -1 9 0 .0 0
1 6 6 .0 0 -2 1 0 .0 0

-

-

-

”

24
24
“

2

~

2

48
47
1

38
4
34

30
16
14

OROER C L E R K S . CLASS B ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

375
18 9
186

3 9 .0 1 54.50
39. 0 152.50
39. 0 157 .00

148 .00
148 .00
1 50 .00

1 3 0 .0 0 -1 7 1 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0 -1 6 5 .0 0
1 2 9 .0 0 -1 7 5 .0 0

-

2
1
1

53
27
26

38
14
24

42
14
28

64
56
8

22
3
19

50
31
19

ACCOUNTING CLERKS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING --------------------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------------

2 .4 6 3
764
1 .6 9 9
475

3 9 .0 212.50
39. 5 2 2 8 .00
3 9 .0 205.00
39. 0 2 87 .00

184 .50
200.00
179 .00
298.50

1 5 8 .0 0 -2 4 8 .5 0
1 6 1 .5 0 -2 7 6 .0 0
1 5 5 .0 0 -2 3 6 .0 0
2 3 6 .0 0 -3 4 0 .0 0

5
5
*

2
2

38
3
35
“

92
22
70

1 64
46
118

157
37
120
4

18 3
65
118
10

ACCOUNTING C LER K S. CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

1 .2 9 4
393
901

39.0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

2 37 .50
252.00
231 .00

2 0 3 .50
2 21 .00
196 .00

1 7 2 .0 0 -3 1 0 .0 0
1 8 8 .0 0 -3 2 8 .5 0
1 6 7 .0 0 -3 0 9 .0 0

-

-

18

9

11

63

1
10

61

ACCOUNTING C LER K S. C LASS B -----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ---------------------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------------

1 .1 6 9
37 1
798
1 65

3 9.0
3 9.5
3 9.0
3 8.5

1 84 .50
2 03.50
1 76.00
2 3 0 .00

1 67 .00
1 73 .00
1 65 .00
2 3 6 .00

1 4 3 .5 0 -2 1 0 .5 0
1 4 8 .0 0 -2 4 8 .0 0
1 41 .00 -2 01 .50
2 1 7 .0 0 -2 3 6 .0 0

S ee fo o tn o te s

“
2
1
1
“

-

-

-

5

2
2

-

5

-

~

18
20
3
17

at end o f ta b le s .




4

9
83

22

61

153
45
108

2

94
35
59

4

-

“
b
1
5

1
1

-

-

2
-

~

~

-

10
5

-

3
~
3
2

54
25
29

24
9
15

15
2
13

18
3
15

86
51
35

34
9
25

16
9
12

12
2
10

13
3
10

-

-

-

51
20
31

14
2
12

20
16
4

8
5
3

3
3

5
5

1
1

2
2

-

“

“

293
42
251
16

1 98
60
138

29 7
95
2 02

158
26
132

-

177
87
90
12

95

149
42
107
78

74
56
18
3

55
15
40
17

56
20
36
20

1 42
41
1 01
94

94
28
66
63

62
29
33

152
31
121

85
14
71

214
73
141

92
42
50

28
18
10

133
30
103

58
48
10

25
4
21

37

2

99
9

35

90

121
36
85
7

141

113
46
67

83

85
45
40
5

130
8
122
95

16
12

16
8
8

•30

19
18

43
32

88

11

130
16

11

11

22

61

♦

4

_

2
_

-

11

19
16

-

_
_
~

1

_

11
11

-

-

“

“

-

“

-

-

-

-

21
12
9
9

78
39
39
39

30
26
4
4

92
26
66

19
10
9

71
32
39

22

2
2

2
2

7
7

4
4

-

“

26
4

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Baltimore, Md., August 1978— Continued
N u m ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

of
workers

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED

$

Average
weekly
(standard)

Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

%

90 100
and
under
100 110

BOOKKEE P IN 6 —H ACHINE O P E R A T O R S --------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

148
97

$
$
$
$
3 9 .0 1 6 2 .5 0 1 5 5 .0 0 1 4 6 .0 0 - 1 8 5 . 0 0
3 9 .5 1 5 9 .0 0 1 4 6 .0 0 1 4 6 .0 0 - 1 8 5 . 0 0

~

51

3 9 .5 1 9 0 .0 0 1 8 5 .0 0 1 8 5 .0 0 - 1 9 5 . 0 0

~

97

3 9 .0 1 4 8 .0 0 1 4 6 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 - 1 5 0 . 0 0

“

59

3 6 .5 1 7 1 .5 0 1 7 0 .0 0 1 5 5 .0 0 - 1 7 0 . 0 0

PAYRO LL C LERKS -----------------------------------------------M A N U F A C TU R IN G -----------------------------------------NONMANUF A C T U R IN 6 -----------------------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S -------------------------------

A 99
231
218
35

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

2 2 2 .0 0
2 5 3 .5 0
1 8 8 .5 0
2 3 3 .0 0

1 9 0 .0 0
2 2 9 .0 0
1 8 1 .0 0
2 3 5 .0 0

1 7 0 .0 0 - 2 5 4 . 5 0
1 8 4 .0 0 - 3 1 9 . 0 0
1 5 0 .0 0 - 2 2 5 . 0 0
1 5 1 .5 0 - 3 1 9 . 5 0

-

-

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S -------------------------------

1 .1 0 8
338
7 70
157

3 9 .0
40. 0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5

1 8 6 .0 0
2 0 5 .0 0
1 7 8 .0 0
2 3 3 .0 0

1 7 5 .0 0
1 9 3 .5 0
1 7 1 .5 0
2 2 6 .5 0

1 4 8 .5 0 - 2 1 4 . 0 0
1 6 3 .0 0 - 2 3 4 . 0 0
1 4 5 .5 0 - 2 0 2 . 0 0
1 9 9 .0 0 - 2 8 8 . 0 0

3
3

KEY ENTRY O PER A TO RS. CLASS A --------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------P U B LIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

4 93
173
270
49

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0
3 9 .5

2 0 3 .0 0
2 2 7 .5 0
1 8 7 .0 0
2 1 4 .5 0

1 9 5 .0 0
2 1 8 .5 0
1 8 3 .0 0
2 1 4 .0 0

1 6 8 .5 0 - 2 2 4 . 0 0
1 8 7 .5 0 - 2 6 9 . 5 0
1 6 0 .0 0 - 2 0 4 . 0 0
1 9 0 .0 0 - 2 3 5 . 0 0

-

KEY ENTRY O PER A TO RS. CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------N0NMANUFACTURIN6 ----------------------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------------

658
158
500
108

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5

1 7 5 .0 0
1 8 1 .0 0
1 7 3 .0 0
2 4 1 .5 0

1 6 0 .0 0
1 6 5 .0 0
1 5 9 .0 0
2 2 6 .5 0

1 3 8 .0 0 - 1 9 6 . 0 0
1 4 6 .0 0 - 2 0 4 . 0 0
1 3 6 .0 0 - 1 9 6 . 0 0
1 9 9 .0 0 - 2 8 8 . 0 0

3

120

-

~
14
14
“
-

$
140

1 50

S

160

*

1 70

*

180

$

200

~ i

-------- i — "5-------- *
s
S
S
2 20 2 4 0 2 60 2 80 300 320 340

1 40

150

160

170

180

200

220

2 40

2 60

56
51

34
14

2
2

1
1

48
22

3
3

1
1

~

~

~

48

2

1

56

34

2

1
31

1

6

-

-

2

-

25
12
13

103
58
45
5

23
16
7
1

57
18
39
1

23
19
4
4

13
13

15
12
3
3

2 80

300

320

%

360

$

380

~

380

~

-

~

”

~

“

“

-

-

-

-

-

18
10
8
8

8
8

2
2

30
30
~

6
6

5
5

_
~

“

5
5

~

-

19

2
1
1

27
3
24

19
2
17

~

6
~
6
~

~

39
10
29
11

17
4
13
~

~

16
7
9
2

19
3
16
“

65
8
57
~

74
13
61
“

1 09
22
87
2

1 09
37
72
3

104
37
67
2

104
23
81
16

136
36
1 00
22

1 19
54
65
13

108
27
81
43

21
9
12
3

13
10
3
2

78
27
51
51

25
25
“

2
2
-

1

6
3
3

23
1
22

32
3
29

51
17
34
~

91
40
51
11

51
18
33
19

6
3
3
2

16
14
2
2

86
21
65
2

77
34
43
3

52
19
33
2

51
9
42
6

69
12
57
17

24
10
14
2

57
9
48

18
9
9
"
3

1
1

~

67
24
43
5

23
23

“

51
12
39
10

7
7

62
13
49
49

2
2

14

18
3
15

64
8
56

68
10
58

”

~

“

“

5

-

1

-

“

400

360

-

1

S

and

~

~
"

3 40

-

“

14

$

3

130

“

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




130

1
“
1

“

3

*

3
3

1 20

“

MACHINE B IL L E R S ---------------------------------------------

s

~

—

BO O KKEEPIN G -M AC H IN E O PER A TO RS.
C LASS B ---------------------------------------------------------

110

“

BO O K K EEPIN G -M AC H IN E O PER A TO RS.
CLASS A ---------------------------------------------------------

%

~

3
3

~

“

~

“

“

“
_
-

-

_

~

-

“

1
1

-

-

-

~

~
“

“
“

j:

~

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Baltimore, Md., August 1978
(standard)

O c c u p a tio n a nd in d u s t r y d iv is io n

of

>iken

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard]

Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

N um ber of
S
*
100 120
and
under 120 140

w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s tr a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—
$
$
$
$
s
*
$
S
*
$
$
s
$
*
S
$
$
$
t
140 160 1 8 0 2 0 0 220 2 4 0 2 60 280 3 0 0 3 20 34 0 3 6 0 3 80 4 00 4 2 0 4 40 4 80 5 20 560
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

160

180

200

220

2 40

260

280

300

3 20

340

360

3 80

4 00

420

4 40

4 80

5 20

5 60

6 00

1

5
2

7

15
7
8

23
8
15

52
8

37
10
27

94
ii
33

48
11
37

30
14
16

18
11
7

12
8

12
10
2

2
2

4

19
13
6

14
11

44

_

2
2

1
1

6
2

22
9
13

5
1

9

6

5

4

4

12
9

ALL WORKERS
COMPUTER SYSTEM S ANALYSTS
(B U S IN E S S I -----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUF A C T U R IN 6 -----------------------------------

339
130
209

$
3 8 .5 3 6 2 .5 0
3 9 .5 3 9 1 .0 0
3 8 .0 3 4 5 .0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEM S ANALYSTS
(B U S IN E S S )• CLASS A ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

107
51
56

3 9 . 0 4 1 0 .0 0 3 8 6 .5 0 3 6 1 .5 0 - 4 4 4 . 5 0
4 0 . 0 4 2 5 .5 0 3 9 6 .0 0 3 6 5 .0 0 - 5 0 8 . 5 0
3 8 . 5 3 9 6 .5 0 3 8 6 .0 0 3 5 4 .5 0 - 4 1 8 . 5 0

COMPUTER SYSTEM S ANALYSTS
(B U S IN E S S ). CLASS B ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONM ANUF A C T U R IN 6 -----------------------------------

211
67
144

3 8 .5 3 4 5 .0 0 3 3 2 .5 0 3 1 0 .0 0 - 3 6 8 . 0 0
4 0 . 0 3 7 7 .5 0 3 5 9 .5 0 3 1 0 .5 0 - 4 3 8 . 5 0
3 7 .5 3 2 9 .5 0 3 2 6 .0 0 3 1 0 .0 0 - 3 6 5 . 0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S IN E S S ) -----MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PU B LIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------------

6 66
1 26
5 40
92

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S IN E S S ).
CLASS A --------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PU B LIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------------COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S IN E S S ).
CLASS B --------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------------

$
3 5 2 .0 0
3 8 4 .0 0
3 4 3 .0 0

$
$
3 1 1 .5 0 - 3 9 3 . 5 0
3 3 1 .5 0 - 4 5 3 . 0 0
3 1 0 .0 0 - 3 7 0 . 0 0

-

-

"

"

"

_

_

_

_

-

-

~

3

4
3

_

_

1

-

“

_

-

3

“

3

14
6
8

19
6
13

48
7
41

31
8
23

26
7
19

31

5
3

8
6
2

“

128
20
1 08
6

87
15
72
1

76
17
59
5

41
8
33
9

35
4
31
11

41
1
40

25
3
22

12
1
11

3

4

11
2
9
3

13
4
9
9

6
6

26
26

1
1

13
12
3

14
13
3

25
25

28
7
21
6

20

_

2 4 2 .0 0 - 3 2 9 . 5 0
2 2 2 .5 0 - 2 9 3 . 5 0
2 4 6 .0 0 - 3 3 3 . 0 0
3 2 8 .5 0 - 4 4 7 . 0 0

-

1

1

1
1

46
12
34

81
21
60
"

151
138
29

3 8 .5 3 5 5 .5 0 3 5 0 .0 0 3 0 8 .5 0 - 4 0 3 . 5 0
3 8 . 5 3 4 9 .0 0 3 5 0 .0 0 3 0 7 .0 0 - 3 8 4 . 5 0
4 0 . 0 4 2 2 .5 0 4 3 4 .0 0 4 0 9 .5 0 - 4 7 3 . 5 0

_

317
75
242
49

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

2 5 8 .0 0 - 3 1 7 . 0 0
2 5 9 .0 0 - 2 9 3 . 5 0
2 5 6 .0 0 - 3 2 8 . 0 0
3 3 2 .0 0 - 4 4 7 . 0 0

1

1

-

19
11
8

"

"

"

'

"

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

“

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

"

'

1
1

1
1

14
5
9

31
6
25

“

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

COMPUTER OPERATO RS. CLASS A ----------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

1 66
130

3 8 . 5 2 8 7 .0 0 2 6 4 .5 0 2 1 9 .5 0 - 3 4 0 . 5 0
3 8 .5 2 8 3 .5 0 2 5 5 .0 0 2 1 3 .0 0 - 3 6 4 . 0 0

COMPUTER O PERATO RS. CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

254
84
1 70

3 9 . 0 2 3 0 .0 0 2 2 2 .0 0 1 8 5 .0 0 - 2 4 8 . 0 0
4 0 . 0 2 6 2 .5 0 2 4 7 .0 0 2 1 0 .0 0 - 3 0 0 . 5 0
3 8 . 5 2 1 4 .0 0 2 1 1 .5 0 1 8 1 .0 0 - 2 3 0 . 0 0

~
“

COMPUTER OPERATO RS. CLASS C ----------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

1 95
71
124

3 9 . 5 1 8 1 .0 0 1 7 5 .5 0 1 6 0 .0 0 - 1 9 0 . 0 0
4 0 . 0 1 8 0 .0 0 1 7 0 .5 0 1 6 3 .5 0 - 1 7 8 . 5 0
3 9 . 0 1 8 1 .5 0 1 7 8 .5 0 1 5 9 .0 0 - 1 9 0 . 0 0

ORAFTERS ------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

379
7 92
587

4 0 . 0 2 7 6 .0 0 2 8 0 .0 0 2 1 7 .0 0 - 3 2 2 . 0 0
4 0 . 0 2 9 1 .0 0 2 9 2 .0 0 2 2 8 .0 0 - 3 6 5 . 5 0
4 0 . 0 2 5 5 .0 0 2 7 0 .5 0 2 0 6 .5 0 - 2 9 9 . 0 0

3
-

3

-

-

3
3
28
28

120
54
66
-

93
14
79

-

-

~

"

16
1
15
3

7
3
4

_

-

4
4

-

5
2
3
3

9
9

50
48

9
9

12
12

“

1
1

85
16
69

43
19
24
3

20
6
14
1

31
9
22
6

21
9
12
4

21
13
8
7

5
5

~

76
17
59
3

“

8
8

34
28

21
16

19
19

10
7

11
8

10
8

11
2

3

“

5
3
2

45
8
37

40
5
35

29
7
22

60
11
49

20
18
2

10
3
7

14
6
8

8
6
2

8
2
6

14
5
9

26
3
23

75
46
29

45
9
36

13
4
9

4
-

4

-

6

4

1
3

6

2
2

“

3
1
2

“

24

34
16
18

65
16
49

77
41
36

140
76
64

93
40
53

72
51
21

1 52
88
64

198
87
111

129
51
78

77
55
22

-

35
28

"

65
48

24

19
8

6

12
11

63
17
46

-

1
”

-

14
14

52
15
37

-

16
4
12

'

11
5
6
"

31

‘

72
18
54
3

“

“

~

“

~

6 15
191
4 24
56

1 7 8 .5 0 - 2 5 5 . 0 0
1 7 5 .0 0 - 2 9 2 . 0 0
1 8 0 .5 0 - 2 5 3 . 0 0
3 0 7 .0 0 - 4 0 2 . 5 0

_
-

“

COMPUTER OPERATORS ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PU B LIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------------

2 1 0 .0 0
2 1 9 .5 0
2 0 5 .0 0
4 0 2 .5 0

~

3 8 . 5 2 3 4 .0 0 2 3 2 .5 0 2 1 0 .5 0 - 2 4 8 . 5 0
3 8 .5 2 3 9 .5 0 2 3 9 .5 0 2 2 4 .5 0 - 2 5 0 . 0 0
2 3 0 .0 0
2 3 9 .0 0
2 2 5 .5 0
3 5 2 .0 0

-

at en d o f t a b l e s .

6

'

3

17
7

10
9
3
1
1
-

-

5

4

_

-

_

9
4

_

_

~

2 8 4 .5 0
2 7 6 .0 0
2 8 5 .5 0
4 4 7 .0 0

15
9
6

4

“

_

2 9 7 .0 0
2 8 1 .5 0
3 0 1 .5 0
3 9 5 .0 0

18

_

-

-

14

“

-

2 7 6 .0 0
2 5 9 .0 0
2 7 6 .0 0
4 3 0 .5 0

4

~

_

2 9 1 .5 0
2 7 5 .0 0
2 9 5 .5 0
3 9 '0 .0 0

-

“

“

-

198
1 60




-

'
_

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S IN E S S ).
CLASS C -------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

See fo o tn o te s

-

7
7

ii

8
8

2
1
1
1
_

10
9
1
46
4

2
4
4

1
1

-

-

-

17
13
12

1

1

_

"

"

'

29

-

-

-

29
29

“

-

-

-

-

-

4
3

1
“
1

“

33
4
29
29

1
~

3
3

1
“

30
29

4
1

1
1

2
2
“

2
2

8
8

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

~

53
34
19

95
90
5

97
79
18

16
11
5

-

-

-

~

~

“

-

-

”
-

~

-

-

-

-

~

~

~

-

~

-

21
21

4
4

-

“

4
4

_
~

-

“

-

2
2

“

1
1

2
2

3

42
41

_

“

3

“
-

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Baltimore, Md., August 1978— Continued
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

O c c u p a tio n a nd in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Minnkas
of
wodcers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N um ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e w e e k ly earnings of—
s

S
100

Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

t

S

*

$

*

$

S

S

S

1 ------- $
32 0
340

120

14 0

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

1 40

160

18 0

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

-

~

6
1
5

22
15
7

87
44
43

125
42
83

94
26
68

S

*

$

S

S

*

$

*

360

380

400

4 20

440

480

520

5 60

360

3 80

400

42 0

4 40

48 0

520

56 0

60 0

49
34
15

36
24
12

87
82
5

84
66
18

13
8
5

1
1
-

21
21

4
4

-

-

3
3
“

-

and
under
120

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
D RAFTERS - CONTINUED
D R A F TE R S . C LASS A -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

629
368
26 1

4 0.0
40. 0 344 .00
4 0 .0 304 .50

$
3 14 .00
3 58 .00
2 96.00

$
$
2 8 8 .0 0 -3 7 1 .5 0
2 9 7 .0 0 -3 8 4 .0 0
2 8 2 .0 0 -3 1 5 .0 0

D R A F T E R S . CLASS B -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

42 4
22 0
204

40. 0 254 .50
40. 0 2 76 .00
40. 0 231 .00

240.00
273.00
2 19.50

2 1 5 .0 0 -2 9 2 .0 0
2 3 2 .0 0 -3 0 0 .0 0
2 0 1 .5 0 -2 4 2 .0 0

-

D R A F TE R S . CLASS C -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

270
202
68

3 9 .5 2 14 .50
4 0 . 0 2 12 .00
3 9 .0 222.00

200.00
2 00 .00
2 06 .00

1 7 5 .0 0 -2 6 0 .5 0
1 7 1 .0 0 -2 3 1 .0 0
1 7 6 .0 0 -2 7 5 .5 0

28
28

D R A F TE R -TR A C E R S ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

56
54

150 .50
150 .50

152.50
152.50

1 2 1 .0 0 -1 5 8 .5 0
1 2 1 .0 0 -1 5 8 .5 0

ELEC TR O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N S -------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

1 .3 0 7
890
417

4 0 .0 2 94 .00
4 0 .0 2 94 .50
40. 0 2 93 .00

292.00
2 92 .00
306.50

E LE C TR O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N S . CLASS A MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

363
231

40. 0 3 35 .50
40. 0 344 .50

ELEC TR O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N S . CLASS B -

757

40.0

E LEC TR O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N S . CLASS C MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

187
144

R E G ISTER ED IN D U S T R IA L NURSES -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

118
94

-

_
-

24

”
-

-

2 6 7 .5 0 -3 2 3 .0 0
2 6 8 .5 0 -3 1 7 .5 0
2 5 8 .0 0 -3 2 8 .0 0

-

330.00
330.00

3 0 8 .5 0 -3 6 5 .0 0
3 1 7 .0 0 -3 9 2 .5 0

-

295 .50

292.00

2 8 2 .5 0 -2 9 5 .0 0

-

-

40. 0 2 07 .50
40. 0 2 0 9 .00

2 06 .50
224.00

1 7 2 .5 0 -2 4 7 .0 0
1 5 6 .5 0 -2 4 8 .0 0

-

2 7 2 .0 0 -3 2 3 .0 0
2 7 2 .0 0 -3 2 3 .0 0

-

3 9.5
3 9.5

39. 5 297 .00
40. 0 2 99 .00

298.50
298.50

~

-

“

“

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

81
34
47

38
31
7

41
35
6

55
37
18

28
18
10

25
18
7

12
5
7

2
2
“

8
8
“

3
3

24

70
17
53

14
14
"

37
16
21

42
32
10

65
59
6

5
5
“

11
5
6

24
9
15

18
8
10

7
7

3
3

5
5

6
6

5
5

-

-

24
24

20
18

4
4

1
1

5
5

1
1

1
1

"

-

“

~

~

“

~

”

-

42
42

9
6
3

42
28
14

58
19
39

74
46
28

71
49
22

85
54
31

450
399
51

114
39
75

159
79
80

39
1
38

44
12
32

39
37
2

40
39
1

2
1
1

39
39

-

-

“

“

_

-

-

-

-

16
12

39
31

58
25

107
78

28
1

39
37

40
39

2
1

3
3

-

-

“

4
2

13

“

14
2

-

-

13

30

40

30

47

411

56

52

11

31

-

-

-

36

-

“

42
42

9
6

29
17

28
6

20
16

37
35

22
22

“

~

“

-

-

22
21

16
11

25
20

5
2

5
3

3
3

-

-

“

“

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




“

-

34
9
25

-

_

“

7

2

1
1

6
5

9
6

6
5

14
13

”

~

“

2
2

-

“

“
2
2

-

-

“
-

-

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in Baltimore, Md., August 1978
Average
(mean*)

S e x ,1 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Weekly
hour*
(standard

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

1 48
1 28

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

203 .50
205 .50

■
0
o

O F F IC E OCCUPATIONS - BEN

199 .00

39.5

ACCOUNTING C LERK S* CLASS B :
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

308 .00

39.5

ACCOUNTING C LERK S* CLASS A t
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

3 18 .00

40.0

PAYROLL CLERKS - MANUFACTURING

2 8 5 .00

40. 0 3 18 .00
4 0 .0 3 24 .50

O F F IC E OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN
S E C R E TA R IE S -----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------------S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS A ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

3 .0 9 5
95 5
2 . 140
357
1 73

39.0
39.5
39. 0
39. 0

221 .50
234.00
216 .00
277 .00

39. 0 230 .50
39.5 222.50
39.0 241 .00

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS B ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

531
171
3 60

38. 5 233 .00
39. 5 246.50
3 8 .5 2 26 .50

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS C ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

1 .0 1 2
366
64 6

3 9 .5 2 21 .00
39.5 2 38 .50
39. 0 2 11 .50

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS D ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PU B LIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------------

786
202
58 4
15 7

39. 0
4 0.0
38. 5
3 8 .5

2 18 .00
2 25 .50
215-50
256 .00

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS E ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

459
344

39. 5
39.5

1 8 9 .00
175.50

STENOGRAPHERS ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

682
371
311

3 9 .5 220 .50
4 0 .0 224 .00
39. 0 216 .50

STENOG RAPHERS. GENERAL ----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

45 3
276
177

4 0 .0 228 .50
4 0 .0 224 .00
39. 5 235.00

STENOG RAPHERS. SENIO R ------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONHANUF A C T U R IN 6 -----------------------------------

229
95
134

3 8 .5 206 .00
3 9.5 2 2 4 .5 0
38. 0 192.50

S ee fo o tn o te s

S e x, 1 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

O F F IC E OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED
942
267
675

38.5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

171 .00
200 .00
159 .50

T Y P IS T S . CLASS A ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------------

500
18 1
319
52

3 8 .5
40.0
3 7 .5
40.0

1 85 .50
2 1 2 .00
170 .00
2 7 6 .50

T Y P IS T S . CLASS B ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUF A C T U R IN 6 ---------------------------------

442
86
3 56

3 8 .5
3 9.5
3 8 .5

1 54 .50
1 75 .50
149 .50

F IL E CLERKS ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

399
1 14
285

3 8 .5 1 38 .00
39. 5 1 46 .00
3 8 .5 134 .50

234
75
159

3 9 .0 1 4 1 .00
40. 0 144 .50
3 8.5 139 .50

F IL E C L E R K S . CLASS C ------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

14 5
108

3 8.0
3 8.5

126 .00
1 20.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

238
191

38.5
3 8.5

1 73.00
1 68 .00

SWITCHBOARD O P E R A TO R -R E C E P TIO N IS T S
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------------

482
248
234
44

3 9.5
39. 0
39. 5
39.5

1 54 .00
1 62.50
1 45.00
1 61.50

ORDER C LERKS -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

5 30
329
2 01

39.5 157 .50
39. 5 1 60 .00
3 9.0 153 .50

ORDER C L E R K S . CLASS A -----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

1 67
142

39.5
39.5

ORDER C L E R K S . CLASS B -----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

363
18 7
176

39. 0 151 .50
39. 0 152 .00
3 9 .0 150 .50

A C CO UNTING .CLERKS -------------------------------------M A N U FA C TU R IN G ------------------------------ --------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

1 .6 8 5
569
1 .1 1 6

39.0 182 .00
3 9 .5 2 01 .00
39. 0 172 .00

ACCOUNTING C LER K S. CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

776
2 56
520

3 9 .0
3 9.0
3 8 .5

ACCOUNTING C LER K S. CLASS B -----------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

909
313
5 96

39. 5 1 7 1 .5 0
3 9 .5 1 88.00
3 9 .0 163 .00

______

8

S e x, 3 o c c u p a tio n , a nd in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hour*
standard)

Weekly
earning*1
(standard)

148
97

3 9 .0
3 9.5

1 6 2 .50
159.00

BOOKKEEPING -M ACHINE O PER A TO RS.
CLASS A ----------------------------------------------------

51

3 9 .5

1 90 .00

BOO KKEEPING -M ACHINE O PERATO RS.
CLASS B -------------------------------------------------

97

39. 0

148.00

59

3 6 .5

171 .50

361
147
214
35

3 8 .5
3 9.0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

198 .50
213 .00
189 .00
2 33 .00

1 .0 6 9
333
736

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

185 .00
205 .00
1 76.00

KEY ENTRY O PERATO RS. CLASS A --------MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURIN6 —
PU B LIC U T IL IT IE S

437
169
268
47

3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .0
3 9 .5

2 0 2 .50
2 2 8 .50
186.50
212 .50

KEY ENTRY OPERATO RS. CLASS B --------MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING —

625
15 7
468

39. 0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

173.00
180.00
170.50

265
10 4
161

3 8 .5
39.5
3 7.5

371.50
4 0 2 .00
351.50

COMPUTER SYSTEM S A NALYSTS
(B U S IN E S S ). CLASS A -----------

88

3 9.0

4 18 .00

COMPUTER SYSTEM S ANALYSTS
(B U S IN E S S ). C LASS B ----------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------

16 4
115

3 8 .0
3 7 .5

3 49.50
336 .50

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S IN E S S ) —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PU B LIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------------

485
80
405
82

39. 0 303 .00
4 0 .0 289 .50
3 8 .5 306 .00
4 0. 0 397 .00

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S IN E S S ) i
CLASS A -----------------------------------------------------NONMANUF A C T U R IN 6 -------------------------------PU B LIC U T IL IT IE S ---------------------------

128
117
28

3 8 .5 359 .50
38. 5 353 .50
4 0 .0 422 .50

O F F IC E OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

T Y P IS T S ------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

at end o f ta b le s .




Weekly
Weekly
earnings1
hour*1
(standard) (standard)

F IL E C L E R K S . CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONHANUF A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------

ORDER CLERKS? CLASS A - ACCOUNTING CLERKS 1
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

o

ORDER CLERKS --------------NONMANUFACTURING

Average
(mean*)

Average
(mean*)
Number
of
worker*

1 71 .50
171 .00

1 93 .50
2 16 .50
1 82 .50

MANUFACTURING

MACHINE B IL L E R S —
M A N U FA C TU R IN G ---------NONMANUFACTURING —
P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S
MANUFACTURING -----NONMANUFACTURING

PR O FESSIO N A L AND TEC H N IC A L
OCCUPATIONS - MEN
OHPUTER SYSTEM S ANALYSTS
(B U S IN E S S ) -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in Baltimore, Md., August 1978— Continued
Average
(mean*)

S e x ,1 o c c u p a tio n , a nd in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
worker*

Weekh
r
hours
standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S IN E S S ) CONTINUED
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S IN E S S ).
CLASS B --------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

234
186

$
3 9 . 0 3 0 5 .5 0
3 8 .5 3 1 0 .0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S IN E S S ).
CLASS C ---------------------------------------------------------

123

3 8 .5 2 3 9 .5 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS --------------------------------------

S e x ,1 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv is io n

PR O FESSIO N A L AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

PR O FESSIO N A L AND TEC H N IC A L
OCCUPATIONS - HEN— CONTINUED

3 9 .0 2 3 7 .0 0

NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

*3 5
135
300

COMPUTER O PERATO RS. CLASS A -----------

130

3 8 .5 2 9 6 .5 0

COMPUTER O PER A TO RS. CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

161
55

3 9 . 0 2 3 6 .5 0
4 0 .0 2 6 8 .0 0

COMPUTER O PERATO RS. CLASS C ----------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

144
51
93

3 9 .5 1 8 3 .5 0
4 0 . 0 1 8 0 .5 0
3 9 . 0 1 8 5 .5 0

Average
(mean2 )

Average
(mean2)
Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours1
[standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

S e x ,1 o c c u p a tio n , a nd in d u s tr y d iv is io n

p r o f e s s io n a l

an d

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
hour*
earnings1
standard) (standard)

t e c h n ic a l

OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED
$
4 0 . 0 2 8 0 .5 0 ELEC TR O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N S - CONTINUED
4 0 . 0 2 9 7 .5 0
ELEC TR O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N S . CLASS C 4 0 . 0 2 5 6 .0 0
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------4 0 . 0 3 2 8 .0 0
PR O FESSIO N A L AND TEC H N IC AL
4 0 . 0 3 4 4 .5 0
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN
4 0 . 0 3 0 4 .0 0

ORAFTERS ------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

1 .2 7 5
749
5 26

D R A F TE R S . CLASS A ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

618
365
253

D R A F TE R S . CLASS B -----------------------------------

406

4 0 .0 2 5 5 .0 0 COMPUTER SYSTEM S ANALYSTS

NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

191

4 0 . 0 2 3 1 .0 0

U K A r1L K j t L L A j j L
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

207
167

4 0 . 0 2 2 4 .0 0

ELEC TR O N IC S TE C H N IC IA N S -------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

1 .2 7 4
864
410

4 0 . 0 2 9 5 .5 0
4 0 . 0 2 9 6 .0 0
4 0 . 0 2 9 4 .5 0

ELEC TR O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N S . CLASS A MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

363
231

4 0 .0 3 3 5 .5 0
4 0 .0 3 4 4 .5 0

ELEC TR O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N S . CLASS B -

741

4 0 . 0 2 9 6 .0 0

170
132

$
4 0 .0 2 0 7 .5 0
4 0 .0 2 0 9 .0 0

3 8 .5 3 3 2 .0 0

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




9

181
135

3 8 .0 2 6 0 .5 0
3 8 .0 2 6 4 .0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S IN E S S ).
CLASS B -------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

83
56

3 8 .5 2 7 2 .0 0
3 8 .0 2 7 4 .5 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S IN E S S ).
CLASS C -------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

75
58

3 7 .5 2 2 * .5 0
3 8 .0 2 3 2 .5 0

MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

56

3 9 .5 2 3 0 .0 0

R EG ISTER ED IN D U S T R IA L NURSES -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

3 8 .5 2 3 4 .5 0

jCOMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S IN E S S ) -----I1UIIn mis u r Hi, 1 UR 1 MO
"

110
91

3 9 . 5 2 9 5 .0 0
4 0 .0 2 9 7 .5 0

co m puter o p e r a to r s :

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in Baltimore, Md., August 1978
Hourly earnings

O ccu p ation and in d u stry d iv is io n

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs o f—

Number
of
Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

U nder
S
4 .2 0

~ i -------- ~ i -------- T
~ i -------- ~ i ------- %--------1 -------- s
“5---------1 -------- %
$
S
s
*
4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5 . 00 5 .2 0 5 .4 0 5 .6 0 6 .0 0 6 .4 0 6 .8 0 7 .2 0 7 .6 0 8 .0 0 a .

40

- * ----------r
$
i
s
*
S
8 .8 0 9 .2 0 9 .6 0 1 0 .0 0 1 0 . 4 0 1 0 . 8 0 1 1 .2 0

and
under

4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5 .0 0 5 . 20 5 .4 0 5 .6 0 6 .0 0 6 .4 0 6 .8 0 7 .2 0 7 .6 0 8 .0 0 8 .4 0 8 .8 0 9 .2 0 9 .6 0 1 0 .0 0 1 0

. 8 0 1 1 . 2 0 1 1 .6 0

ALL WORKERS
MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PU B LIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------------

308
149
159
53

$
7 .2 5
7 .7 2
6 . 81
6 .8 2

$
7 .0 6
7 . 16
6 .6 2
6 .9 5

$
6 .5 0 7 .0 6 6 .0 0 6 .3 8 -

$
7 .8 8
9 .1 3
7 .2 4
6 .9 5

MAINTENANCE E L E C T R IC IA N S ----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PU B LIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------------

698
8 .0 6
6 0 4 ... 8 . 1 4
94
7 .6 0
7 .7 7
55

7 .9 5
8 .0 5
7 .6 8
7 .6 3

7 .1 6 7 .1 6 7 .6 3 7 .6 3 -

9 .0 8
9 .5 7
8 .1 8
8 .1 8

6
1
5
“

MAINTENANCE P A IN T E R S --------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

156
104
52

6 .7 3
7 .2 8
5 .6 2

6 .9 2
7 .0 6
5 .2 0

6 .0 5 6 .8 0 5 .0 0 -

7 .1 6
7 .5 4
6 .7 1

2

MAINTENANCE M A C H IN IS T S ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

787
7 50

8 .5 5
8 .6 0

8 . 91
8 . 91

7 .3 1 7 .3 1 -

9 .6 4
9 .6 4

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (M A C H IN E R Y ) MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

2* 0 3 6
1*915
121

8 .5 9
8 .6 1
8 .2 6

9 .2 1
9 . 21
8 .6 5

8 .0 9 8 .0 6 8 .5 2 -

9 .4 6
9 .4 6
8 .6 5

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR V E H IC L E S ) ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PU B LIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------------

1 .2 5 0
33 0
920
346

8 .0 2
7 .9 2
8 .0 6
8 .9 4

8 .0 0
8 .2 1
7 .9 5
9 .4 2

7 .4 5 6 .8 0 7 .4 5 8 .4 0 -

9 .2 2
9 .2 2
8 .8 3
9 .5 8

MAINTENANCE P IP E F IT T E R S ------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

590
568

8 .0 0
8 .0 2

7 .5 1
7 .3 7

7 .1 6 7 .1 6 -

9 .2 1
9 .2 1

MAINTENANCE S H E E T-M E TA L WORKERS -----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

1 50
129

8 .4 3
8 .5 9

8 .2 1
8 . 40

7 .7 0 8 .0 5 -

9 .3 5
9 .4 4

M ILLW RIG H TS -----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

21 7
217

8 .8 4
8 . 84

8 . 97
8 .9 7

8 .8 0 8 .8 0 -

9 .4 3
9 .4 3

-

-

“

~

M ACHINE-TOO L OPERATORS (TOOLROOM) MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

12 2
122

7 .9 0
7 .9 0

7 . 29
7 .2 9

6 .7 3 6 .7 3 -

9 .2 1
9 .2 1

-

-

“

~

TOOL AND 0 IE M A K E R S ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

570
563

8 .6 2
8 .6 4

8 .7 1
8 .7 1

8 .2 5 8 .2 5 -

9 .2 9
9 .6 4

-

-

“

STA TIO N A R Y EN G IN EERS --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

4 14
241

7 .6 8
8 .1 8

7 .4 1
8 .0 3

6 .3 2 7 .3 7 -

8 .8 4
9 .1 0

B O IL E R TENDERS ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

57
53

8 .1 3
8 . 26

8 . 10
8 . 58

7 .8 5 -1 0 .6 9
7 .8 5 -1 0 .6 9

-

-

~

2

17
12
5

_
“

_
-

19
19

-

-

-

“
-

-

-

6
6

2
2
_

6
2
4
~

5
~
5

_

_

*
"
-

~

“

-

1
1
-

-

“
“
1
1

2
2
-

3
3
_
12
12
“
-

-

1
~
1
~
-

3
3

33
6
27
7

8
6
2
-

12
11
1
-

12
12
-

21
21
"

7
7
-

130
83
47
29

95
74
21
21

4
4
-

3
3
-

59
54
5
_
-

8
7
1
~

2
2
-

21
18
3
1
_
-

18
18
-

144
144

31
29

72
46

50
46

11
9

191
191

25
25

131
131
_
11 80
1 80

14
14

14
11
3

208
207
1

32
30
2

113
113

1 32
62
70

161
161
*

643
625
18

381
381

1
1

~

236
225
11

9
2
7
5

39
22
17
5

56
18
38
4

343
36
307
6

89
22
67
23

1 62
28
134
29

86
12
74
55

53
21
32
14

2 93
104
189
184

14
14
9

“

21
20

28
22

2 36
236

15
15

42
27

27
27

4
4

140
140

6
6

6
6

3
“

-

10
10

3
2

29
12

38
38

3
3

68
68
_
-

43
43

9
9

3
3

5
5

10
10

6
6

1
1

1
1

16
16

13
13

28
28

2
2

5
5

59
59
_
-

95
95

16
16

18
18
_
-

3
3

“
“

3
3
_
-

14
14

26
26

2
2

-

15
14

1
1

30
30

23
20

10
8

21
20

1 13
113

1 02
102

86
86

24
24

8
8

121
“

12
9

36
34

55
50

13
10

26
26

21
18

3
2

-

i

2

-

8
8

8
8

12
12

33
29
_

12
12
_
_

1
1
_
-

-

72
40
_

129
129
_
_

51
14

74
44
30
26

5
4
1
1

51
46
5
1

23
21
2
1

3
3

5
2
3

23
21
2

14
1
13

114
113
1
“
54
51
3

1
1

4
4

27
24

4
4

2
2
“

16
16

58
55
3

1
~
1

14
13
1
1

40
31
9

“
-

“
-

~
-

2
2
-

1
1

14
14
_
-

2
2

12
12

_
“
“
_
2
2

1
1
-

2
2

-

1
1

-

-

10

19
10
9
33
30
3
1

51
23
28
4

4
1
3
2

“

See fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




9
8
1
*
-

-

51

4
4
“
20
20
”
“

“
5
5
-

~

11

27
27
3
3

_
-

9
9

11
11
-

-

3
3

-

-

6
6

-

12
12

~
-

15
15

_
15
15
_

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Baltimore, Md., August 1978
Hourly earnings 4

workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s tr a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f—
*
$
$
*
$
$
S
$
$
s
S
$
$
2 .6 0 2 .8 0 3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 .9 0 3 .6 0 3 . 80 9 .0 0 9 .2 0 9 .9 0 9 .8 0 5 .2 0 5 .6 0
Mean 2 Median2 Middle range * and
unde r
2 .8 0 3 .0 0 3 . 20 3 .9 0 3 .6 0 3 .8 0 9 . 00 4 .2 0 9 .9 0 9 .8 0 5 .2 0 5 .6 0 6 .0 0

9 .6 9 3
1 . 972
3 .1 7 1
1 .7 3 5

$
7 .1 9
6 . 36
7 .5 7
8 .5 9

Number
O ccu p a tion and in d u stry d iv is io n

ALL WORKERS
TRU C K D RIVERS ----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S -------------------------------

$
7 .2 8
7 . 10
8 . 50
9 .3 8

$
5 .9 5 5 .1 0 5 .9 0 7 .1 3 -

$
9. 10
7 .2 8
9 . 38
9 . 38

_
-

T R U C K D R IV E R S . L IG H T TRUCK ---------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

4 59
183
276

6 .2 7
5 .2 1
6 .9 8

5 .7 1
9 .5 0
9 . 38

3 . 5 0 - 9 .3 8
9 . 1 0 - 6 . 07
3 . 9 0 - 9 . 38

T R U C K D R IV E R S . MEDIUM TRUCK -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S -------------------------------

935
617
318
97

5 .6 7
5 .9 9
5 .0 6
6 .0 6

5 . 10
5 .3 5
9 .7 9
5 .9 0

9 .7 9 5 .1 0 4 .3 0 9 .2 5 -

T R U C K D R IV E R S . HEAVY TRUCK ---------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

982
381
601

6 .8 9
6 . 98
6 .7 6

7 . 13
7 . 10
7 . 13

6 . 5 5 - 7 . 13
6 . 6 0 - 7 .7 0
5 . 9 5 - 7 . 13

_
-

T R U C K D R IV E R S . T R A C T O R -T R A IL E R ------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S -------------------------------

1 .9 5 6
231
1 .7 2 5
901

8 .1 3
7 .1 9
8 .2 6
9 .0 5

8 .5 0
7 . 20
8 .7 7
9 .3 8

7 .5 6 7 .0 0 7 .5 6 8 .5 0 -

9 . 38
7 . 94
9 . 38
9 .3 8

S H IP P E R S -------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

269
197
67

5 .9 9
6 .2 9
5 .2 7

5 .9 7
5 .9 7
9 . 81

9 . 6 6 - 8 . 26
9 .9 7 - 8 . 2 6
3 .0 8 - 6 . 61

“
-

R E C E IV E R S -----------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

298
151
197

5 . 92
5 .6 3
6 .2 3

5 .7 0
5 .6 0
6 .0 0

9 .5 9 - 7 . 19
9 . 5 9 - 6 .9 5
9 . 3 2 - 8 . 80

S H IP P E R S AND R E C E IV E R S ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

939
2 15
2 19

5 .3 2
5 .1 2
5 .5 2

9 .9 3
9 .9 3
5 .1 5

9 . 1 7 - 5 .9 9
3 . 9 0 - 5 .9 6
9 . 5 2 - 6 .0 7

WAREHOUSEMEN ----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S -------------------------------

2 .7 3 9
563
2 .1 7 1
986

5 .9 0
6 . 30
5 .8 0
6 .1 9

5 .6 5
6 .2 1

5 .6 5
5 . 65

9 .7 0 5 .1 5 9 .6 5 5 .5 8 -

ORDER F IL L E R S -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

1 .2 8 7
299
988

6 .9 5
9 .7 8
7 .6 0

7 .9 1
9 .8 5
7 .9 9

9 . 8 5 - 8 .8 1
3 .0 5 - 5 .7 8
7 . 8 1 - 8 .8 5

7. 2 8
7 .2 8
5 . 11
7 . 57

7. 9 2
8 .2 6
7 . 92
5 . 65

S H IP P IN G PACKERS ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

281
216
65

5 .1 9
9 .9 7
5 .7 1

9 .7 1
9 . 00
5 .2 1

3 . 9 8 - 6 .0 3
3 .9 8 - 5 .9 6
9 . 9 3 - 6 . 81

M A TE R IA L HANDLING LABORERS ------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S -------------------------------

2 .9 2 7
1 .3 8 5
1 .0 9 2
329

6 . 13

6 .0 7
6 .0 5
7 .9 6
9 . 38

9 .1 0 - 7 . 93
9 .9 6 - 7 .2 7
3 .9 3 - 8 .8 1
8 . 1 2 - 9 .9 3

6 .0 2

6 .2 8
8 .9 6

-

4
4
4
9
“
“

97
17
30
97
17
30
~
“
“
19
19
-

_
_
-

11
11
-

17

116

108

10

1

20
88

7
-

68

4
69

115
-

68
66
2

-

26
20

-

6
-

89
13
71

127
29
103

15
15
15
15
-

101
97
59
6
52
13
39
96
39
12
3
-

16
1
15
-

69
55
19
9

102
36
66
5

312
93
269
15

369
223
196
8

179
50
129
7

and
6 .9 0 6 . 80 7 . 20 7 .6 0 8 .0 0 8 .9 0 8 .8 0 9 .2 0 9 .6 0 o v e r

197
85
62
30

99
56
38
25

75
79
1
“

5 23
181
392
338

695
336
309
38

2 02
196
6
6

1 07
66
91

927
927
215

-

7
7

13
5
8

31
31

-

-

-

1 53
“
1 53

2
2

-

260
216
99
12

97
97

-

1

~

1
"
15

6
6
"
-

6
“
6
6
92

15

~

92

168 1028
6
162 102 8
102 8

2
2

30
30

15
12
3

30
28
2

5
3
2

1
1

97
39
13

6
3
3

72
29
98

99
99
6

2 60
208
52
1

91
28
13
1

37
28
9
9

~

“

-

-

38
29
19
9
-

-

12

13
13

12
12

59
9
50

9
9

1 16
12
109

33
23
10

12
12
-

51
50
1

958
133
325

55
36
19

88
88
~

37
19
23

1
1
“
-

3
3
3

131
11
1 20
6

91
2
89
3

9
1
3
3

12
*
12

96
36
10
-

9
4
-

305
67
238
“

389

162

655

389
200

162

23
15
8

59
56
3

“

18
17
1

20
19
6

33
27
6
6
-

70
52
18
-

96
39
12

96
29
17
17
“

50
50
-

15
5
10

2
2

655
6 55
-

8
“
8

32

1
1
12

~

~

~

5

-

5

5

~

~

“

3
3
3

-

-

-

“

2
2

8
8

2
2

1
1

28
28
-

3
2
1

18
2
16

20
16
9

21
9
12

29
21
8

16
6
10

11
9
2

39
33
6

35
9
26

1
1
~

19
19
~

1

5
5

1
-

9
7

56
55

2
-

1

106
99
62

22
9
13

39
20
19

51
2
49

3
3
~

7
7
“

11
11
~

15
15
“

“

2

98
17
31

-

1

92
25
17

58

15

159
29
1 25
3

3 57
69
2 88
223

279
50
229
1 87

101
68

28
26

711
3
708
“

1

1

26
13
13
-

1 82

1

“

1 27
1 15

19
5

1

12

9

73
39
39

77
77

18

103
89
19

16

99
13
31

7
5

391

6

16

3 69

391

6

16

3 69

9
9
“

5
5

19
7
7

26

15

16

15

13

1
1

~

6

-

~

“

2
2

-

2

4
9

6

11

21
21

60
60

98
87

199
187

62
62

66

69
69

2 16

12

99
5
39
35

139
117

11
1

2 32
58
179

“
"

99
99

"

7
3
9
20

19

1

60
38
22

57
-

9
9

-

“

19

12
2
10

1
1
1
1
“

61

19
92
-

11

11

8

6

3

5

i
i

32
32

56
56

15
19

56
91
15

79
39
35

88
68
20

58
59
9

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .




13
13

1
5
$
i
*
S
*
■ 5--------- 1 ------6 .0 0 6 . 9 0 6 . 80 7 .2 0 7 .6 0 8 .0 0 8 .9 0 8 .8 0 9 .2 0 9 .6 0

%

11

1

2
86

30
56
3

86

69

22

1

17

1

21

161

1

2

19

86
86

33
“

98
39
19
“
1

-

1

2

“

9
3
6

2

6

-

6
~

6
6

~

16

35
35
“

138
72

171
171

87
83
9
9

83
79
9

133
119
19

65

1

“

1

~

5
5

“
-

32
22
“
22

22

“
-

5

-

_

6

“
78

~
-

9

69
69

■
“

~

2 16
2 16

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Baltimore, Md., August 1978— Continued
Hourly earnings 4

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s tr a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f—
$
*
$
1
1
1
$
*
*
$
S
s
$
%
$
*
$
S
t
$
*
2 .6 0 2 .8 0 3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .8 0 5 .2 0 5 .6 0 6 .0 0 6 .4 0 6 . 80 7 .2 0 7 .6 0 8 . 00 8 .4 0 8 .8 0 9 .2 0 9 .6 0
_ and
and
under
2 .8 0 3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .8 0 5 .2 0 5 .6 0 6 .0 0 6 .4 0 6 .8 0 7 .2 0 7 .6 0 8 .0 0 8 . 40 8 .8 0 9 .2 0 9 .6 0 o v e r

of
workers

Mean 2 Median2

Middle range 1

F O R K L IF T OPERATORS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUF A C T U R IN 6 -----------------------------------

2 .1 6 8
1 .7 4 6
4 22

$
7 .2 3
7 .1 2
7 .6 8

$
7 .7 8
7 .7 6
8 .8 6

$
6 .0 2 6 .0 2 6 .2 5 -

■ POWER-TRUCK OPERATORS
(OTHER THAN F O R K L IF T J ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

3 02
259

7 .9 8
8 .0 2

7 .8 1
8 . 80

7 . 0 9 - 9 .2 6
7 . 0 9 - 9 .2 6

GUARDS -----------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

3 .1 5 3
3 76
2 .7 7 7

3 .4 1
6 .1 3
3 .0 4

2 .7 3
6 .5 5
2 .7 0

2 . 6 5 - 3 .5 4 171 0
4 . 9 3 - 6 .8 0
3
2 . 6 5 - 3 .0 0 170 7

GUARDS• CLASS A ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUF A C T U R IN G -----------------------------------

5 63
89
474

3 .6 8
5 .9 1
3 .2 6

3 .0 0
6 .4 1
2 .7 5

2 . 6 5 - 4 .3 5
4 . 9 3 - 6 .6 5
2 . 6 5 - 3 .8 0

GUARDS. CLASS B ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUF A C T U R IN G -----------------------------------

2 .5 6 6
287
2 .2 7 9

3 .3 4
6 .2 0
2 .9 8

J A N IT O R S . P O R T E R S . AND CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------------

7 .0 2 6
1 .7 5 3
5 .2 7 3
2 78

3 .5 5
5 .0 3
3 .0 6
4 . 79

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s try d iv is io n

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED

$
8 .6 0
8 .1 6
8 .9 0

-

5

4
4

5
5

~
“

~

3 61
10
351

136
8
128

81
19
62

84
12
72

73
2
71

50

252
2
250

28
28

11

26

17

20

11

23
23

26

17

20

2 .7 0
6 . 56
2 .7 0

2 . 6 5 - 3 .2 2 145 8
1
4 . 8 5 - 7 .8 8
2 . 6 5 - 2 . 93 1457

333
10
323

125
8
117

58
19
39

58
12
46

56
2
54

22
22

2 .7 0
5 .2 0
2 .6 5
4 .7 3

2 .6 5 3 .1 6 2 .6 5 3 .9 0 -

3 99
58
341

397
113
284
25

401
34
367
15

191
130
61
3

1 38
17
121
24

84
24
60
13

“

3 .8 0 374 2
7 .0 3 282
3 .0 0 346 0
5 .4 0

27
27

“

See fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




36
31
5

12

91
60
31

47
25
22

96
95
1

1 88
181
7

68
68
”

27
27

-

-

-

15
15

11
8

77
4
73

103
23
80

79
19
60

73
34
39

33
5
28

27
25
2

19
19

27
27

27
14
13

29
7
22

29
14
15

2
1
1

35
1
34

46
4
42

64
9
55

50
12
38

44
20
24

31
4
27

70
7
63

114
45
69
7

2 60
72
188
57

151
90
61
51

152
125
27
11

1 17
1 12
5

35
35

~

5

12
12

54
1
53

17
17
-

50

8

99
99

-

130
130

4 51
391
60

40
40

33
33

61
21

1 18
117
1

11
11
-

7
7
-

5
5
-

56
56
-

7
5
2

39
39
-

6
6
-

1
1
-

-

-

20
20

79
78
1

5
5
”

6
6
“

207
1 22
85
30

80
53
27
25

3 52
338
14
9

144
135
9

_

5
5
“

419
4 11
8

1 89
4
185

49
”
49

-

6
6

167
1 55
12

~

31
31

93
93

“

~

-

12
12
“
-

3
3

_

~

56
56

-

19

3

19

3

~
-

-

■

-

“

-

12
12
“

3
3

23

-

-

9

14

“

Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement,
and custodial workers, by sex, in Baltimore, Md., August 1978
Average
(mean2 )
hourly
earnings4

S ex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

M AINTENANCE * TOOLROOM, AND
POUERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - MEN
M AINTENANCE CARPENTERS -----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S --------------------------

308
169
15 9
53

$
7 .2 5
7 .7 2
6 . 81
6 . 82

M AINTENANCE E L E C T R IC IA N S ------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S --------------------------

69 8
6 06
96
55

8 .0 6
8 . 16
7 .6 0
7 .7 7

M AINTENANCE P A IN T E R S ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

156
106
52

6 .7 3
7 .2 8
5 .6 2

MAINTENANCE M A C H IN IS T S -----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

787
750

8 .5 5
8 .6 0

M AINTENANCE MECHANICS (M A C H IN ER Y)
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

2 ,0 3 6
1 ,9 1 5
121

8 .5 9
8 .6 1
8 . 26

M AINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR V E H IC L E S ) -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S --------------------------

1 ,2 2 7
33 0
89 7
32 3

8 .0 2
7 .9 2
8 .0 6
9 .0 0

M AINTENANCE P IP E F IT T E R S --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

5 90
568

8 .0 0
8 .0 2

M AINTENANCE SH E E T -M E T A L UORKERS MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

150
129

8 .6 3
8 .5 9

M ILLW R IG H TS -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

21 7
21 7

8 . 86
8 . 86

M AC H IN E-TO O L OPERATORS (TOOLROOM)
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

12 0
120

TOOL AND D IE MAKERS -----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

570
56 3

S T A T IO N A R Y EN G IN EER S ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

6 16
261

S ex,

S ex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
(mean2)
hourly
earnings4

M A TER IA L MOVEMENT AND CU STO D IAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

M A IN TEN A N C E, TOOLROOM, AND
POUERPLANT OCCUPATIONS
MEN— CONTINUED
8 .1 3
8 .2 6

M A TER IA L MOVEMENT AND CU STO D IA L
OCCUPATIONS - HEN

ORDER F IL L E R S -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUF A C T U R IN 6 ----------------------------------

1 ,0 9 5
230
865

$
7 .5 0
5 .3 1
8 .0 8

S H IP P IN G PACKERS ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

B O IL E R TENDERS -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

251
206

5 .0 9
6 .8 7

M A TER IA L H A ND LIN 6 LABORERS MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S -------------

2 ,3 7 0
1 ,3 3 9
1 ,0 3 1
32 8

6 .1 2
6 .0 0
6 . 29
8 .6 5

F O R K L IF T OPERATORS -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------

2 ,1 2 8
1 ,7 0 7
62 1

7 .2 4
7 .1 3
7 .6 9

2 99
2 56

7 .9 7
8 .0 1

TRU C K D RIVERS -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S ---------------------

6 ,6 0 1
1 ,6 6 9
3 ,1 3 2
1 ,6 9 7

7 .1 9
6 .3 6
7 .5 8
8 .5 9

T R U C K D R IV E R S , L IG H T TRUCK ------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUF A C T U R IN 6 --------------------------

637
183
256

6 .2 6
5 .2 1
7 .0 2

T R U C K D R IV E R S , MEDIUM TRUCK ---M A N U FA C TU R IN G ---------------------* --------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

POWER-TRUCK OPERATORS
(OTHER THAN F O R K L IF T ) -----MANUFACTURING --------------------

9 26
617
3 07

5 .6 7
5 .9 9
5 .0 6

2 ,6 1 6
356
2 ,2 5 8

3 .6 8
6 .1 5
3 .0 6

TR U C K D R IV E R S , HEAVY TRUCK -----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

GUARDS -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUFACTURING

979
3 78
601

6 .8 6
6 .9 8
6 .7 6

T R U C K D R IV E R S , T R A C TO R -T R A IL E R
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PU B LIC U T IL IT IE S ---------------------

GUARDS, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING -----NONMANUFACTURING

52 7
88
639

3 .7 3
5 .9 0
3 .3 0

1 ,9 5 0
231
1 ,7 1 9
896

8 .1 3
7 .1 9
8 . 26
9 .0 5

GUARDS, CLASS B - MANUFACTURING -----NONMANUFACTURING

2 ,0 6 3
268
1 ,7 9 5

3 .6 1
6 .2 3
2 .9 8

S H IP P E R S ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

2 36
190

6 .2 7
6 .2 7

3 .7 3
5 .0 3
3 .1 1

7 .9 2
7 .9 2

R E C E IV E R S -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

6 ,7 8 0
1 ,5 5 8
3 ,2 2 2

2 83
16 0
163

5 . 97
5 .6 7
6 .2 6

8 .6 2
8 .6 6

S H IP P E R S AND R E C E IV E R S -----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

37 1
20 6

5 .2 6
5 .1 5

WAREHOUSEMEN -------------------------------------------------

132

6 .7 0

ORDER F IL L E R S ----------------------------------------------

17 8

3 .7 0

J A N IT O R S , P O R TER S, AND CLEANERS —
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

2 ,1 5 8
1 95
1 ,9 6 3

3 .1 2
5 .0 1
2 .9 3

7 .6 8
8 . 18

WAREHOUSEMEN -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S ---------------------

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




Average
(mean2)
hourly
earnings4

o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

13

2 ,5 8 5
569
2 ,0 3 6
6 61

5 .9 7
6 .2 7
5 .8 8
6 .1 9

J A N IT O R S , P O R T E R S , AND CLEANERS
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ---------------------------M A TER IA L MOVEMENT AND CU STO D IAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN




Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings, adjusted for employment shifts.
for selected occupational groups in Baltimore, Md., for selected periods
August 1972

August 1973

August 1974

August 1975

August 1976

to

to

to

to

to

to

A u gust 1973

In d u stry and o c c u p a tio n a l gro u p 5

A u gust 1977

August 1974

August 1975

August 1976

August 1977

A u gust 1978

A ll in d u s tr ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ________________________________________
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g _______ _____ ________
I n d u s tria l n u r s e s ______________________________________
S k ille d m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s __________________________
U n sk ille d plant w o r k e r s . . . _____ . .
__________

5.9
(6 )
6.7
6.9
5.2

8.9
9.9
10.9
9.9
9.1

9.4
8.5
10.5
11.3
11.6

7.8
8.1
6.4
8.8
9.0

5.8
6.5
6 .8
8.6
5.6

8.1
7.6
8.6
8.8
10.7

M an u factu rin g:
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ________________________________________
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g __________________________
In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s ___________________ _____ ___ ______
S k ille d m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s __________________________
U n sk ille d plant w o r k e r s . __ _______________ _______

5.3
(6 )
6.9
5.6
• 6.1

9.7
9.9
10.6
10.5
9.9

11.3
10.5
10.2
12.5
14.6

8.3
8.9
6.9
9.0
9.4

6.4
7.1
7.5
7.8
8.2

10.4
(6 )
8.6
9.1
9.7

N on m an u factu rin g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l _______________________________________
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g . ________________________
In d u s tria l n u r s e s ______________________________________
U n sk ille d plant w o r k e r s . ________ . . ____________

6.3
(6 )
(6 )
4.3

8.6
10.1
(6 )
8.5

8.4
7.7
(6 )
9.0

7.6
7.8
(6 )
8.8

5.4
6.2
(6 )
4.9

7.0
7.6
(6 )
11.6

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .

A r e v is e d d e s c r ip tio n f o r co m p u te r o p e r a t o r s is b e in g in tro d u ce d in this a r e a in
1978.
Th e r e v is e d d e s c r ip tio n is not c o n s id e r e d equ iva le n t to the p re v io u s d e s c r ip tio n .
T h e r e fo r e , the e a rn in g s o f c o m p u te r o p e r a t o r s a r e not u s e d in com putin g p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s
f o r the e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s in g grou p.

14

Table A-8. Weekly earnings of office workers—large establishments in Baltimore, Md., August 1978
Weekly earnings
(standard)

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
worker*

Average
weekly
hour*1
(standard]

N u m ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e w e ek ly e a r n in g s o f —

$

90

S

100

$

110

$

1 20

S

130

$

s
140

1 50

*

160

$

170

■
%

180

S

200

*

2 20

$

2 40

*

260

*

2 80

$

3 00

S

320

i

340

S

360

t

380

s

ALL WORKERS
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

$
2 2 9 .0 0
2 5 1 .0 0
2 1 9 .5 0
2 9 5 .0 0

Median 2

$
2 1 9 .5 0
2 5 8 .0 0
2 0 5 .0 0
2 9 4 .0 0

Middle range 2

400

$
$
1 8 2 .5 0 - 2 6 5 . 0 0
2 1 3 .5 0 - 2 8 4 . 5 0
1 7 7 .0 0 - 2 5 4 . 0 0
2 5 4 .0 0 - 3 2 8 . 5 0

and
under

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

100

Mein2

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

3 40

360

380

“

“

-

3
3

34
5
29

70
4
66

1 02
25
77

105
23
82
“

161
17
144

299
36
263
10

277
63
214
11

201
51
150
11

29 5
159
136
48

133
68
65
8

186
64
122
90

68
43
25
11

76
21
55
53

48
15
33
29

20
6
14
11

-

-

3
3

5

5

28
7
21

28
6
22

30
8
22

21
13
8

12
1
11

55
9
46

45
28
17

12
11
1

6
6

_
-

-

3
1
2

44
67

106
65
41

57
48
9

7
6
1

2
2

2
2

-

1

_
-

-

1

7
7

-

-

-

_
-

3
3

S E C R E TA R IE S ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUF A C T U R IN 6 -----------------------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S -------------------------------

2 .0 9 7
615
1 .4 8 2
288

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS B ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

266
92
174

3 9 .0 2 5 7 .5 0 2 6 2 .0 0 2 1 2 .0 0 - 3 0 2 . 0 0
4 0 . 0 2 8 4 .0 0 3 0 4 .5 0 2 4 0 .0 0 - 3 1 6 . 0 0
3 8 .5 2 4 4 .0 0 2 3 7 .0 0 2 0 0 .0 0 - 2 9 0 . 0 0

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS C ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

787
249
538

3 9 .0 2 2 4 .5 0 2 2 1 .0 0 1 8 9 .0 0 - 2 5 8 . 0 0
3 9 .5 2 5 4 .5 0 2 6 5 .0 0 2 3 0 .5 0 - 2 8 4 . 5 0
3 9 . 0 2 1 0 .5 0 2 0 6 .0 0 1 8 4 .0 0 - 2 3 5 . 5 0

~

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS D ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

477
153
324

3 9 .0 2 2 4 .5 0 2 1 9 .0 0 1 7 6 .5 0 - 2 5 4 . 0 0
4 0 . 0 2 2 7 .5 0 2 1 7 .5 0 1 7 6 .0 0 - 2 5 3 . 0 0
3 9 . 0 2 2 3 .0 0 2 1 9 .0 0 1 7 7 .0 0 - 2 5 4 . 0 0

~

-

S E C R E T A R IE S . C LASS E ----------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

414
312

3 9 .5 1 9 1 .0 0 1 8 3 .0 0 1 6 0 .5 0 - 2 1 5 . 0 0
3 9 .5 1 7 6 .0 0 1 7 4 .5 0 1 5 4 .0 0 - 1 9 3 . 5 0

-

-

STENOGRAPHERS -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S -------------------------------

546
313
233
156

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

2 0 0 .0 0 - 2 6 5 . 5 0
2 0 6 .0 0 - 2 4 8 . 5 0
1 9 6 .0 0 - 2 9 6 . 5 0
2 1 4 .0 0 - 2 9 6 . 5 0

-

-

STENO G RAPHERS. GENERAL ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S -------------------------------

408
174
140

3 9 .5 2 3 7 .5 0 2 3 8 .0 0 2 0 0 .0 0 - 2 8 4 . 0 0
3 9 .5 2 4 0 .5 0 2 3 6 .0 0 1 9 4 .0 0 - 2 9 6 . 5 0
3 9 . 5 2 5 8 .5 0 2 9 3 .0 0 2 0 7 .0 0 - 2 9 6 . 5 0

-

STENO G RAPHERS. SEN IO R -------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

138
79
59

3 9 .0 2 3 2 .5 0 2 4 6 .5 0 1 9 7 .0 0 - 2 5 9 . 0 0
3 9 .5 2 2 7 .0 0 2 4 8 .5 0 1 8 7 .5 0 - 2 5 8 . 0 0
3 8 .5 2 3 9 .5 0 2 4 6 .5 0 2 1 4 .5 0 - 2 7 2 . 0 0

-

T Y P IS T S ----------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S -------------------------------

800
245
555
134

39. 0
3 9 .5
38. 5
39. 0

T Y P IS T S . CLASS A -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

4 39
181
258

3 9 .0 1 9 5 .5 0 1 7 5 .0 0 1 3 5 .5 0 - 2 6 4 . 0 0
4 0 . 0 2 1 2 .0 0 1 9 7 .5 0 1 7 1 .5 0 - 2 6 7 . 0 0
3 8 .5 1 8 4 .0 0 1 5 6 .5 0 1 3 2 .5 0 - 2 6 4 . 0 0

T Y P IS T S . CLASS B -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

361
64
297

3 8 . 5 1 5 7 .5 0 1 4 1 .0 0 1 2 4 .0 0 - 1 8 1 . 0 0
3 9 .5 1 8 1 .0 0 1 6 4 .5 0 1 3 5 .0 0 - 2 1 6 . 5 0
3 8 . 5 1 5 2 .5 0 1 4 1 .0 0 1 2 1 .5 0 - 1 7 5 . 0 0

F IL E CLERKS ------------------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S -------------------------------

316
271
44

3 9 . 0 1 6 4 .5 0 1 4 0 .5 0 1 2 4 .0 0 - 1 8 8 . 0 0
3 8 .5 1 5 7 .5 0 1 3 3 .5 0 1 2 2 .0 0 - 1 5 6 . 5 0
3 9 .5 2 8 3 .5 0 3 0 3 .5 0 2 2 6 .5 0 - 3 2 4 . 0 0

F IL E C L E R K S . CLASS B ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

200
166

3 9 .0 1 6 7 .0 0 1 4 0 .5 0 1 2 8 .0 0 - 2 0 3 . 0 0
3 8 .5 1 5 7 .5 0 1 3 6 .0 0 1 2 8 .0 0 - 1 4 9 . 0 0

2 3 6 .0 0
2 3 3 .0 0
2 4 0 .5 0
2 5 9 .5 0

1 7 8 .5 0
2 0 4 .0 0
1 6 7 .0 0
2 4 2 .5 0

2 3 8 .0 0
2 3 8 .0 0
2 3 9 .5 0
2 8 1 .0 0

1 5 6 .5 0
1 9 4 .5 0
1 4 5 .0 0
2 6 4 .0 0

1 3 1 .0 0 - 2 2 0 . 0 0
1 4 9 .5 0 - 2 3 7 . 0 0
1 2 7 .0 0 - 1 8 8 . 5 0
2 2 6 .5 0 - 2 6 4 . 0 0

-

“
-

-

-

“
-

-

“

-

1
1

“
-

“

“

7
3
4

-

5

21
a

17

9
1
8

2

5

-

~

26
5
21

25
3
22

55
5
50

118
12
106

134
22
112

107
20
87

2

-

2
1
1

-

2

30
13
17

46
17
29

44
10
34

63
8
55

61
32
29

42
18
24

80
24
56

10
2
8

66
4
62

11
7
4

7
6
1

4

2

3
3
-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

2

6

21
21

42
42

36
30

32
29

56
54

83
74

48
47

17
13

77
2

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

3

6

6
“

6
3
3
2

6
6

22
6
14
4

23
18
5
1

65
29
36
26

59
39
20
7

151
124
27
21

61
41
20
7

19
11
8
5

63
9
54
49

44
12
32
32

14
12
2
2

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

8
7
4

13
4
1

54
31
25

42
15
7

145
21
20

9
5
5

4
1
1

52
43
43

<*4
32
32
_
-

12

1

_
-

_
-

-

2
2

_
-

11
11
-

4
4
-

6

28
13
15

4
4

3

_
-

11
11
-

_
_
_
-

_
-

28
13
15
15

_
_
-

-

-

-

1

-

~

3
3
3

1
1
1

“

1

-

-

-

-

3

~

-

3
“

-

-

6

3
3

3
3
“

6
6
“

6
3
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14
7
7

10
9
1

11
6
5

17
12
5

6
6

52
37
15

15
8
7

11
11

61
24
37
24

10
7
3
-

75
14
61
61

12
6

25
3

5
5
-

73
12
61

9

22

36

5

2

2

2
2

-

3

-

~

3

19

3
~

19

69
9
60
“

1 03
21
82
“

82
20
62

89
12
77
3

52
8
44
15

35
8
27
3

42
23
19
1

65
36
29
2

37
26
11
4

-

21
15

6

49
10
39

42
10
32

44
9
35

23
7
16

20
3
17

27
16
11

44
34
10

14
13
1

“

48
3
45

54
11
43

40
10
30

45
3
42

29
1
28

15
5
10

15
7
8

21

23
13
10

“

-

“

3

19

3

19

-

24
24

34
32
"

51
51
“

48
47

38
37
-

16
16
“

11
5
-

11
9
1

13
10
4

1
1

12
10

42
42

40
39

35
34

12
12

2
2

3
3

3
1

-

18
12
6
5

1
1

3
2
1

-

“

1

-

2

-

-

in

over

-

S e e fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le s .




_
-

and

4 00

15

2

19

6
6

3

34

3

-

7
6

1
1
1

-

2

8
5
5

22

2

-

3

25
3

6

6
6

3

-

-

-

12
12
12

9
9
9

8
8

8
8

-

-

3
3
3
3

~

-

Table A-8. Weekly earnings of office workers—large establishments in Baltimore, Md., August 1978— Continued
O c c u p a tio n a nd in d u s t r y d iv is io n

of
woiken

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard] Mean2

Week! y earning^^™
<«.andard)
Median2

Middle range2

N u m b e r o f w o rk e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—
i
1
S
i
i
$
t
S
S
s
i
90 100 1 10 120 130 1 40 150 1 60 170 180 2 0 0
and
under
100 110 120 130 1 40 150 1 60 170 180 200 2 2 0

S

220

*

24 0

240

260

$

260
280

*

2 80

S

3 00

S

320

3 00

3 20

3 40

-

4
4

S

340

S

360

$

3 80

380

4 00
and

4 0 0 o ve r

~

3 60

$

A LL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
F IL E CLERKS - CONTINUED
F IL E C LER K S* CLASS C ---------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

87
78

i
$
$
$
3 9 .0 1 4 3 .5 0 1 1 8 .0 0 1 0 9 .0 0 - 1 6 3 . 5 0
3 8 .5 1 4 0 .5 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 0 9 .0 0 - 1 3 3 . 0 0

MESSENGERS --------------------------------------------------------NONHANUF A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------------

167
125
62

3 9 . 0 1 7 1 .0 0 1 5 3 .0 0 1 3 3 .0 0 - 2 0 3 . 0 0
3 9 .0 1 7 0 .0 0 1 4 2 .0 0 1 2 9 .0 0 - 2 2 6 . 5 0
3 9 .0 2 0 9 .5 0 2 2 6 .5 0 1 4 7 .0 0 - 2 7 6 . 0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS -----------------------------NONHANUF A C T U R IN 6 -----------------------------------

138
110

ORDER CLERKS ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

“
-

23
23

22
22

9
9

5
5

1
1

1
1

6
“

5
3

4
3

2
2

5
5

~

10
9
“

8
8
“

17
17

21
20
9

19
14
10

14
12
1

13
2
1

8
7
5

13
-

12
4
4

11
11
11

5
5
5

-

16
16
16

-

-

3 9 .0 1 8 4 .5 0 1 7 0 .5 0 1 4 4 .5 0 - 2 1 7 . 0 0
3 8 . 5 1 7 6 .5 0 1 6 1 .0 0 1 3 9 .0 0 - 2 0 5 . 0 0

1
1

1
1

5
5

12
10

11
11

7
5

9
8

23
21

7
4

15
13

14
12

14
7

1
-

14
12

-

3 9 . 5 1 7 4 .0 0 1 7 4 .0 0 1 5 1 .0 0 - 1 9 9 . 5 0
3 9 .5 1 8 5 .5 0 1 8 5 .5 0 1 6 0 .0 0 - 2 1 9 . 5 0
3 9 . 5 1 6 2 .5 0 1 6 8 .5 0 1 4 5 .0 0 - 1 8 0 . 0 0

-

2
1
1

13
7
6

4
1
3

4
1
3

7
2
5

9
4
5

14
7
7

19
5
14

19
9
10

16
11
5

9
9
-

2
2
-

3
3
-

-

_

2
-

121
62
59

_

2
-

_

ORDER C LER K S* CLASS A -------------------------

50

3 9 . 0 1 9 4 .0 0 1 8 6 .5 0 1 6 8 .0 0 - 2 1 7 . 5 0

-

-

-

-

-

2

4

7

7

11

10

4

2

3

-

-

-

ORDER C LERK S* CLASS B --------------------------

71

3 9 . 5 1 6 0 .0 0 1 6 3 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 - 1 8 2 . 0 0

2

13

4

4

5

5

7

12

8

6

5

-

-

-

-

ACCOUNTING CLERKS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PU B LIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------------

1 *5 2 1
454
1 *0 6 7
4 27

_

2
2
-

20
3
17
-

55
10
45

79
13
66

84
20
64
1

107
32
75
7

122
21
101
2

135
28
107
5

67
36
31
2

1 29
26
103
89

126
37
89
75

56
51
5
~

39
10
29
17

ACCOUNTING C LERK S* CLASS A ------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

856
255
601

3 9 . 0 2 6 0 .5 0 2 4 8 .5 0 1 8 2 .5 0 - 3 4 0 . 0 0
3 9 .5 2 8 2 .0 0 2 6 6 .0 0 2 1 1 .0 0 - 3 5 9 . 5 0
3 9 . 0 2 5 1 .0 0 2 4 8 .5 0 1 7 4 .0 0 - 3 4 0 . 0 0

-

2
2

8
8

10
1
9

25
1
24

29
4
25

64
10
54

62
7
55

149
44
105
96
22
74

46
24
22

23
18
5

1 18
30
88

46
43
3

ACCOUNTING CLERKS* CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

6 65
199
4 66

3 9 . 0 1 8 8 .5 0 1 7 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 - 2 3 6 . 0 0
3 9 .5 2 0 5 .0 0 1 7 5 .0 0 1 5 1 .0 0 - 2 4 4 . 0 0
3 8 . 5 1 8 1 .0 0 1 6 7 .0 0 1 4 2 .0 0 - 2 3 6 . 0 0

-

2
2

18
3
15

47
10
37

69
12
57

59
19
40

78
28
50

58
11
47

73
21
52

53
22
31

21
12
9

106
8
98

7
1

PAYROLL CLERKS ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURIN6 -----------------------------------

216
148
68

3 9 . 0 2 5 4 .0 0 2 4 2 .0 0 1 7 9 .0 0 - 3 2 5 . 0 0
4 0 . 0 2 8 1 .0 0 2 6 2 .5 0 2 1 4 .0 0 - 3 7 1 . 0 0
3 8 . 0 1 9 5 .0 0 1 7 6 .5 0 1 6 2 .5 0 - 2 0 5 . 0 0

-

-

2
1
1

4
4

8
3
5

5
2
3

6
3
3

16
3
13

15
6
9

21
12
9

16
9
7

15
13
2

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------------

7 79
2 38
541
131

3 9 .0
40. 0
3 8 .5
39. 5

3
3

4
4

19
3
16

38
5
33
”

41
8
33
“

72
10
62
2

70
19
51
3

53
7
46
2

58
18
40
3

102
28
74
17

74
37
37
8

KEY ENTRY O PERATO RS. CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

336
141
195

3 9 . 0 2 0 8 .0 0 1 9 8 .5 0 1 6 8 .5 0 - 2 3 5 . 0 0
4 0 . 0 2 3 6 .0 0 2 2 0 .0 0 1 9 3 .5 0 - 2 9 2 . 0 0
3 8 . 5 1 8 7 .5 0 1 8 2 .5 0 1 5 4 .5 0 - 2 1 4 . 0 0

-

-

1
1

i
i

6
3
3

23
1
22

31
3
28

25
4
21

28
12
16

54
19
35

KEY ENTRY O PERATO RS* CLASS B --------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PU B LIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------------

436
90
3 46
102

3 8 .5
40. 0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5

18

37
5
32

35
5
30

49
9
40
2

39
16
23
3

27
25

28
4
24

2

3

48
9
39
17

39. 0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .0

2 2 9 .0 0
2 4 8 .0 0
2 2 0 .5 0
2 9 8 .0 0

1 9 5 .5 0
2 1 9 .5 0
1 8 4 .5 0
2 4 1 .5 0

1 8 6 .0 0
1 9 6 .0 0
1 8 3 .0 0
2 4 3 .5 0

2 0 1 .0 0
2 3 5 .0 0
1 9 2 .0 0
3 1 0 .5 0

1 8 5 .5 0
2 1 1 .5 0
1 7 4 .0 0
2 3 5 .0 0

1 7 2 .0 0
1 8 1 .0 0
1 7 0 .5 0
2 2 6 .5 0

1 6 3 .0 0 - 2 8 9 . 0 0
1 7 3 .5 0 - 3 1 9 . 0 0
1 6 0 .0 0 - 2 5 3 . 0 0
2 4 8 .5 0 - 3 4 9 . 0 0

1 5 0 .0 0 - 2 2 7 . 0 0
1 7 2 .0 0 - 2 6 9 . 5 0
1 4 6 -5 0 -2 2 4 -0 0
2 1 4 .0 0 - 2 8 8 . 0 0

1 4 2 .0 0 - 2 2 6 . 5 0
1 5 0 .0 0 - 2 3 8 . 0 0
1 4 0 .5 0 - 2 2 6 . 5 0
1 9 9 .0 0 - 2 8 8 . 0 0

-

-

3
3

“

4
4

3

15

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




16

2

“
-

-

-

-

~

_
“

“

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

29
8
21
20

112
18
94
94

85
22
63
63

17
8
9
9

78
39
39
39

30
26
4
4

17
4
13

23
2
21

92
9
83

83
20
63

15
6
9

71
32
39

26
22
4

10
8
2

22
6
16

6
6
-

20
9
ii

2
2
~

2
2
“

7
7
“

4
4
-

20
19
1

13
13
-

7
7
-

8
5
3

16

6
6
-

2
2

6
6

106
27
79
43

18
9
9
-

13
10
3
2

76
25
51
51

25
25
-

-

-

5
5
-

30
30
“
-

-

49
26
23

49
18
31

18
9
9

6
3
3

16
14
2

23
23
-

1
1
-

5
5
-

-

-

-

21
7
14

57
9
48
24

-

7
7
-

60
11
49
49

1
1

_

-

-

-

-

2

8

-

-

_

-

2
2

-

8

8

2
2

-

-

“
_
~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Table A-9. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers—large establishments
in Baltimore, Md., August 1978
O c c u p a tio n a nd in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number Average
weekly
of
hours1
workers (standard) Mean 2

Weekly earnlng^^™
(standard)
Median2

Middle range2

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s tr a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s of*--S
*
i
S
*
$
*
t
5
*
*
*
*
s
*
*
S
$
t
S
s
100
120
140 160 1 80 2 0 0 2 2 0 2 4 0 2 60 280 3 0 0 320 3 4 0 3 6 0 380 4 00 4 20 440 4 80 5 20 560
and
under
120
140 160 180 2 0 0 2 2 0 2 4 0 2 6 0 2 80 3 00 3 2 0 340 3 60 3 80 400 420 4 40 480 520 560 600

ALL UURKERS
COMPUTER SYSTEM S ANALYSTS
(B U S IN E S S ) ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

257

COMPUTER SYSTEM S ANALYSTS
( B U S IN E S S ). CLASS A ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

98
50

3 9 .0 4 1 2 .5 0 3 9 1 .0 0 3 5 5 .5 0 - 4 5 3 . 0 0
3 8 .0 3 9 7 .5 0 3 8 1 .0 0 3 5 3 .5 0 - 4 2 6 . 0 0

-

COMPUTER SYSTEM S A NALYSTS
( B U S IN E S S ). CLASS B ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

147
59

3 9 .0 3 4 8 .0 0 3 2 6 .0 0 3 0 6 .5 0 - 3 8 1 . 0 0
4 0 .0 3 8 8 .0 0 3 9 1 .5 0 3 2 9 .5 0 - 4 4 4 . 0 0
3 8 .5 3 2 1 .5 0 3 1 6 .5 0 3 0 0 .0 0 - 3 4 4 . 5 0

-

88

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S IN E S S ) ------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

438
401

3 8 .5 3 0 0 .5 0 2 8 1 .0 0 2 4 5 .5 0 - 3 4 4 . 5 0
3 8 .5 2 9 8 .0 0 2 7 8 .5 0 2 4 6 .0 0 - 3 3 2 . 0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S IN E S S ).
CLASS A --------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

79
67

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S IN E S S ).
CLASS B --------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

112

145

$
3 9 .0 3 7 2 .0 0 3 5 4 .5 0
4 0 .0 4 0 7 .0 0 3 9 7 .0 0
3 8 .5 3 4 4 .5 0 3 3 6 .0 0

$
$
3 1 6 .5 0 - 4 1 1 . 0 0
3 4 4 .5 0 - 4 6 6 . 5 0
3 0 9 .0 0 - 3 6 5 . 0 0

-

-

-

-

-

1

3
3

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

3 9 . 0 3 8 8 .0 0 3 8 4 .0 0 3 3 5 .0 0 - 4 3 7 . 0 0
3 9 .0 3 8 0 .0 0 3 6 6 .5 0 3 3 0 .0 0 - 4 3 0 . 5 0

-

-

220
200

3 8 .5 3 0 6 .5 0 2 8 8 .5 0 2 5 8 .0 0 - 3 3 2 . 0 0
3 8 .5 3 0 8 .0 0 2 8 8 .5 0 2 5 9 .0 0 - 3 3 2 . 0 0

-

-

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S IN E S S ).
CLASS C --------------------------------------------------------N0NMANUFACTURIN6 ------------------------------------

139
134

3 8 . 0 2 4 1 .5 0 2 4 1 .5 0 2 2 5 .0 0 - 2 5 2 . 5 0
3 8 .0 2 4 2 .0 0 2 4 1 .5 0 2 2 5 .0 0 - 2 5 3 . 0 0

~

1
1

1
1

COMPUTER OPERATORS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S -------------------------------

432
129
303
53

3 9 .0
40. 0
39. 0
4 0 .0

COMPUTER O PERATO RS. CLASS A ----------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

134

3 9 .0 3 0 0 .0 0 2 9 8 .0 0 2 2 5 .0 0 - 4 0 2 . 5 0
3 9 .0 2 9 8 .0 0 2 8 8 .5 0 2 2 1 .0 0 - 4 0 2 . 5 0

3
3
_

28
3
25
-

COMPUTER O PERATO RS. CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

186
75

14
5
9
"
14
9
_

23
23

24

14
14
_
-

26
13
13
-

100

111

2 4 3 .5 0 2 2 2 . 0 0
2 6 6 .5 0 2 5 3 .0 0
2 3 3 .5 0 2 1 2 . 0 0
3 6 0 .0 0 4 0 2 .5 0

1 8 1 .0 0 - 2 9 4 . 0 0
2 0 9 .0 0 - 3 2 8 . 5 0
1 7 8 .5 0 - 2 7 8 . 5 0
3 1 1 .0 0 - 4 0 2 . 5 0

3 9 .0 2 3 8 .5 0 2 2 4 .0 0 1 8 5 .0 0 - 2 7 5 . 5 0
4 0 . 0 2 6 7 .5 0 2 4 7 .0 0 2 2 1 .0 0 - 3 0 8 . 5 0
3 8 .5 2 1 8 .5 0 2 1 1 .5 0 1 8 1 .0 0 - 2 3 7 . 0 0

3
3
-

COMPUTER O PERATO RS. CLASS C ----------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

112

92

3 9 .0 1 8 4 .0 0 1 7 3 .0 0 1 5 3 .5 0 - 2 0 1 . 0 0
3 8 .5 1 8 1 .0 0 1 7 2 .5 0 1 5 3 .5 0 - 1 9 8 . 5 0

DRAFTERS -------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

718
536
182

3 9 .5 3 0 9 .0 0 3 1 4 .5 0 2 6 0 .0 0 - 3 6 6 . 0 0
4 0 . 0 3 2 2 .5 0 3 2 9 .0 0 2 7 6 .5 0 - 3 7 2 . 5 0
3 9 .5 2 6 8 .5 0 2 7 5 .5 0 2 0 7 .0 0 - 3 2 8 . 0 0

O R A FT E R S . CLASS A -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

351
289

4 0 .0 3 5 7 .5 0 3 6 5 .5 0 3 2 2 .0 0 - 3 8 4 . 5 0
4 0 .0 3 6 3 .5 0 3 6 5 .5 0 3 3 2 .0 0 - 3 8 4 . 5 0

D R A F TE R S , CLASS B -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

192
148

3 9 .5 2 8 7 .5 0 2 8 7 .0 0 2 4 3 .0 0 - 3 2 2 . 0 0
4 0 .0 2 8 9 .0 0 2 8 5 .5 0 2 4 8 .5 0 - 3 2 2 . 0 0

See

fo o tn o te s

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

1
1

-

1

8
8

26
22

51
48

-

-

-

-

-

10
6

8
8

56

5
3
2

1

17

1

6

4

18
14

24
14

11

10

10

7

13

16
7

6

87
82

42
41

48
45

31
29

30
27

24
23

16
15

1
1

-

1
1

8

10
10

9
9

9
9

12

36
33

34
33

36
33

22
21

19
16

15
14

3

16
16

38
36

50
48

8
8

11
11

-

1
1

13

19
15

20

6

30

29
5
24

19

31

1

18

11
20

17
15
2

10
6

4
4

4
3

20

2

20
9

40

5
5

8
8

19
16

30

10

16

27
16
ii
3

22

18

22
6

55
16
39
-

8

34
5
29

28

12

22
8

48
9
39
-

8

-

19
7

32
4
28

48
-

12

3
7

10

42
-

54

10

3
7

32
19
13
-

38
25
13

3
1

at end o f ta b le s .




1

-

15

33
25
8

6

36
21

15

-

4
-

14

26

20

10

20

1

16

10

17

15
5

31
9

9

14

5

5
4

9
5

6
2

8
6
2

7
7
“

9
9
~

_

6

45
41

“

16

1

5

4

13
9

5

6

5
4

ii

2

-

-

4
4

5
5
-

6

-

-

-

~
-

5
2
3
3

9
9
-

33
4
29
29

4
3

1

1

2

3
-

3
3

1

-

30
29

8

2

2
2

8
8

10
8

10

14

13
7
11

2

2

16

2

“

-

“
~

60
36
24

71
53
18

67
51
16

63
50
13

53
34
19

95
90
5

85
79

14

29
22

34
26

35
29

36
24

87
82

72
66

13

26
23

26
18

25
18

12

2
2

8
8

24
21

5

6

1

“
“

3
2

6

4

3
3
”

6
6

6

4
4
1

1

11
8

2

8

29
29

7
4

8
6

12
10
2

2
1

8

6
8

18
13
5

1

21

3
7
-

4

-

12

4

8

12

21

9

5
3

12

10

8

22
6

6

ii
i

8

17

-

~
1
1

-

“
-

~
~

14
11

3

12

3

2
2

-

2

“

2
2

~
1

“

-

1

“

-

-

“
“
~

-

“
-

-

-

-

-

4
4
-

21
21

-

-

~

4
4
“

21
21

4
4

-

-

8

i
i

3
3

3
3

-

-

-

-

11

5

~

Table A-9. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers—large establishments
in Baltimore, Md., August 1978— Continued
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s tr a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—

Weekly earning* ~
(standard)
Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

100

mo

1 60

180

200

220

280

260

280

300

32o

380

360

380

800

8 20

under
120

Median 2

120
180

1 60

1 80

200

220

2 80

260

280

300

3 20

340

36p

38q

QQQ

h2 q

8

18

19
15

22

16
87
19

109
79

31

20

39
37

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
DRAFTERS - CONTINUED
$

$

DRAFTERSe CLASS C ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

189
99
50

3 9 .5 2 8 5 .0 0 2 8 0 .5 0 1 8 9 . 0 0 8 0 . 0 2 5 2 .5 0 2 3 6 .0 0 1 9 0 . 0 0 3 9 . 0 2 3 0 .5 0 2 8 8 .5 0 1 8 1 . 0 0 -

ELECTRO NICS T E C H N IC IA N S -------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

932
7 15

8 0 . 0 3 0 3 .0 0 2 9 2 .0 0 2 8 2 . 5 0 8 0 . 0 3 0 9 .5 0 2 9 2 .0 0 2 9 2 . 0 0 -

3 3 0 .0 0
3 3 0 .0 0

ELECTRO NICS T E C H N IC IA N S . CLASS A MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

310
2 08

8 0 . 0 3 8 3 .5 0 3 3 0 .0 0 3 2 0 . 0 0 8 0 . 0 3 5 1 .5 0 3 3 0 .0 0 3 2 8 . 5 0 -

3 9 2 .5 0
3 9 8 .5 0

ELECTRO NICS T E C H N IC IA N S . CLASS C -

2 0 0 .0 0 -

2 8 7 .5 0

REGISTEREO IN D U S T R IA L NURSES -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

3 9 .5 3 0 3 .0 0 3 0 9 .5 0 2 7 0 . 0 0 8 0 . 0 3 0 7 .5 0 3 0 9 .5 0 2 7 5 . 0 0 -

3 2 8 .5 0
3 2 8 .5 0

2 8 1 .5 0
3 0 1 .0 0
2 7 5 .5 0

22

13

10

26
12

80
6

32
16

68

89

8

800
388
28
16

1 07
78
18
13

See fo o tn o te s at end of ta b le s .




9
13

18

12
11

1

7

39
37

39
39

80

[

880
880

*

880
520

$

520
560

$

560
6 00

Table A-10. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sexlarge establishments in Baltimore, Md., August 1978
Average

S e x, 3 o c c u p a tio n , a nd in d u s t r y d iv is io n

of

wodeers

Weekh
r
hours1
(standard

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

3 9.5

$
318 .50

39.5

ACCOUNTING C L E R K S . CLASS A :
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

327 .00

O F F IC E OCCUPATIONS
S E C R E TA R IE S ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING —
P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S

2 .0 9 2
613
1 .9 7 9
287

39.0
9 0 .0
39.0
3 9.0

229 .00
2 5 1 .00
2 19 .50
2 9 5 .00

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS B
m a n u f a c t u r in g ------------NONMANUFACTURING ------

266
92
179

39.0
9 0.0
38.5

2 57 .50
2 89 .00
2 99 .00

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS
MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING -

785
299
53 6

3 9.0
39.5
39.0

2 29 .50
2 59 .50

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS
MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING -

976
153
3 23

3 9 .0 2 2 9 .50
9 0. 0 227 .50
39. 0 223.00

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS E
NONMANUFACTURING ------

912
3 12

39.5
39.5

STENOGRAPHERS ------------MANUFACTURING -----NONMANUFACTURING

S e x , 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours*
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

517
313
209

39.5
9 0 .0
39.5

2 1 0 .0 0

191 .00
1 76.00
2 37 .50
233 .00
2 95 .00

13 0
102

3 9.0
3 8.5

ORDER CLERKS --------------MANUFACTURING -----NONMANUFACTURING

1 17
58

3 9 .5 173.50
3 9 .5 189.50
39. 5 162.50

ORDER C L E R K S . CLASS B

52

90.0

269.00

ACCOUNTING C LER K S. C LASS B :
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

83
69

39.0
38.5

188 .50
185 .50

39.5

199.00

661
522

90.0
90.0

3 19 .00
329 .50

39.0
39.5
3 8.0

216 .00
231.50
1 96 .00

D R A F TE R S . CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ------

397
286

9 0 .0
9 0 .0

3 5 7 .50
3 6 9 .50

D R A F TE R S . CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -----

189
19 9

3 9 .5 289.00
90. 0 289.50

D R A F TE R S . CLASS C
MANUFACTURING ------

116
92

90.0
9 0 .0

2 93 .50
2 55 .00

902
692

9 0 .0
9 0 .0

305.00
312.00

ELEC TR O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N S . CLASS AMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

310
209

90.0
90.0

3 9 3 .50
351.50

ELEC TR O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N S . CLASS C -

82

90.0

227.00

3 8.5

3 3 7 .00

PAYRO LL CLERKS ----------MANUFACTURING -----NONMANUFACTURING
KEY ENTRY OPERATORS
MANUFACTURING -----NONMANUFACTURING

790
233
50 7

KEY ENTRY O PERATO RS. CLASS A
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURIN6 -------------------------

723
295
978

39.0
3 9 .5
3 8.5

1 7 3 .50
209 .00
158 .00

T Y P IS T S . CLASS A ----MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING —
P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S

905
181
229
99

39.0
90.0
3 8.5
90.0

1 90 .00
1 72 .00
2 7 5 .50

T Y P IS T S . CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

31 8
69
259

38.5
3 9 .5
38.5

152 .50
181 .00
1 95 .00

273
239

38.5
38.5

197 .00
139 .00

1 3 0 .00
125 .00

COMPUTER SYSTEM S ANALYSTS
(B U S IN E S S ) --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

39. 0 199.50
9 0 . 0 2 2 0 .0 0
3 8 .5 182.50
3 9 .0
9 0 .0
3 8.5

903
89
319

190
90
100

COMPUTER SYSTEM S ANALYSTS
(B U S IN E S S ). CLASS A -----------

207 .50
237 .50
186.50

19

389 .00
9 1 7 .00
359 .50

PR O FESSIO N A L AND TEC H N IC AL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN
COMPUTER SYSTEM S ANALYSTS
(B U S IN E S S ) -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURIN6

158
199

356 .00

3 8.5
38.5

3 1 5 .00
3 12 .50

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S IN E S S ).
CLASS B -------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

3 9.5
39.5

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S IN E S S ).
CLASS A -------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S IN E S S ).
C LASS B -------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

3 9 .0
9 0 .0
38.5

ELEC TR O N IC S TE C H N IC IA N S
MANUFACTURING ---------------

3 9 .0
301
278

NONMANUFACTURIN6

3 9 .0 183 .50
90. 0 195.00
3 8 .5 180 .00

DRAFTERS -----------------MANUFACTURING

67

39. 0 4 21 .50

COMPUTER SYSTEM S ANALYSTS
(B U S IN E S S ). CLASS B -----------

See fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le s .




2 53 .50
2 7 1 .00

COMPUTER OPERATO RS.
NONMANUFACTURING -

PR O FESSIO N A L AND TEC H N IC AL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

3 9.0
39.0

39.0
90.0

297 .50

2 3 2 .50
227.00
2 3 9 .50

77
68

295
93

3 9.5

39.0
39.5
38.5

F IL E C L E R K S . C LASS C ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

COMPUTER OPERATORS ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

ACCOUNTING C LER K S. CLASS A :
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

138
79
59

150 .00
190 .50

2 98 .00
2 98 .50

COMPUTER O PERATO RS. CLASS B :
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

STENO G RAPHERS. SENIO R
MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING --------

38.5
3 8 .5

38.5
3 8.0

218 .50

2 3 9 .50
2 9 7 .00

176
198

82
78

3 9.5

9 0 .0
39.5

F IL E C L E R K S . CLASS B ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S IN E S S ).
CLASS C -------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURIN6 ----------------------------------

1 5 9 .00

3 79
1 95

F IL E CLERKS -----------------NONMANUFACTURING

Weekly
earnings*
(standard)

39.5

ACCOUNTING C L E R K S :
MANUFACTURING - -

STENO G RAPHERS. 6ENERAL
NONMANUFACTURING -----------

2 1 2 .0 0

Weekly
hours1
(standard)

PR O FESSIO N A L AND TEC H N IC AL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS
NONMANUFACTURING —

KEY ENTRY O PERATO RS. CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

T Y P IS T S ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -----NONMANUF ACTURING

S e x, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

$
1 8 2 .00
173.00

O F F IC E OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

O F F IC E OCCUPATIONS
ACCOUNTING C L E R K S :
MANUFACTURING —

Average
(mean*)

Average
(mean2)

(mean2 )
Number

397.50
3 91 .50

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S IN E S S ).
CLASS C -------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

38.5
3 8.5

317 .50
318 .50

MANUFACTURING

137
123

3 8 .0 2 6 9 .00
38. 0 265.50

62
51

38.5 278.00
38. 0 277.00

57
56

38. 0 232.00
38. 0 2 33 .00

77
59

3 9 .5
39.5

3 0 1 .00
306.00

Table A-11. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers—large establishments
in Baltimore, Md., August 1978
Hourly earnings *
O c c u p a tio n and in d u s try d iv is io n

Number
workers

ALL WORKERS

Mean 2 Median2

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g
1
1
$
$
5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5 . 40 5 .6 0
U n d e r and
Middle range 2
under
5 . 00
5 * 20 5 .4 0 5 . 60 5 .8 0

MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------------

249
1 09
1 AO
53

$
7 .1 9
7 .8 6
6 .6 7
6 . 82

$
6 .9 5
7 .7 6
6 .5 0
6 .9 5

$
6 .3 8 6 .7 4 6 .0 0 6 .3 8 -

$
7 .7 3
9 .3 7
6 .9 5
6 .9 5

MAINTENANCE E L E C T R IC IA N S ----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------------

5 00
419
81
55

8 .1 2
8 .2 1
7 .7 0
7 .7 7

7 .9 9
8 .0 9
7 .6 3
7 .6 3

7 .5 4 7 .2 7 7 .6 3 7 .6 3 -

MAINTENANCE P A IN T E R S --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

88
74

7 .0 8
7 .3 3

MAINTENANCE M A C H IN IS T S ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

4 57
4 20

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (M A C H IN E R Y ) -

1 *6 8 7

2
2

9
8
1

9 .6 1
9 .6 1
8 . 18
8 . 18

1
1
-

“
-

6 .9 2
6 .9 2

6 . 3 2 - 7 .7 0
6 . 3 2 - 8 .0 7

7
2

-

8 .6 8
8 .7 7

9 .1 5
9 .1 5

7 . 6 7 - 9 .6 4
7 . 7 7 - 9 .6 4

-

8 .7 5

9 .2 1

8 . 1 2 - 9 .4 6

4
1
3
2

~
-

6 .0 0 6 .2 0 6 .4 0 6 .6 0 6 .8 0 7 .0 0 7 .2 0 7 .6 0

8 .0 0 8 .4 0 8 .8 0 9 .2 Q 9 .6 0 1 0 .0 0 1 0 .4 0 1 0 . 8 0 1 1 .2 0 1 1 .6 0

30
9
21
“

20
14
6
4

28
4
24
24

11
5
6
2

19
10
9
~

16
6
10
7

7
6
1

7
6
1
~

12
12
-

21
21
-

7
7
-

4
4
-

3
3
-

3
2
1
1

18
17
1
“
-

27
26
1

17
17
~

27
24
3
1

1 22
76
46
29

89
68
21
21

6
5

2
2

2
2

3
3

2
2
_
_
-

8
7
1
-

20
18

19
18
1
1
_
-

18
18

108
108
_
-

20
20
_
-

_
_
-

37

14

~

37
1

14
13

5
4
1
1

29
24
5
1

1
“

“
“

5
2

3
3

20
18

1
1

1
1

~

1
1

2
2

2
2

4
4

23
20

2
2

-

15
15

3
3

31
29

72
46

50
46

11
9

34
34

25
25

140
1 40

14
14

-

-

-

2

16

-

-

5

1

13

190

18

16

97

236

64

1

643

3 81

_

-

_

1
1
1

3
3
“

-

-

_
~
“
~

21
20

_
_

-

-

_
_

_
_
_

-

27
27

1

4 09
2 39
170
151

8 .6 9
8 .5 0
8 .9 5
8 .9 6

9 .2 2
8 .9 1
9 .4 8
9 .5 8

7 .8 0 7 .5 7 8 .4 0 8 .4 0 -

MAINTENANCE P IP E F IT T E R S ------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

371
3 49

8 .4 8
8 .5 5

9 . 18
9 . 18

7 . 7 0 - 9 .4 3
7 . 7 0 - 9 .4 3

MAINTENANCE S H EET-M ETA L WORKERS -----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

150
129

8 .4 3
8 .5 9

8 . 21
8 .4 0

7 . 7 0 - 9 .3 5
8 . 0 5 - 9 .4 4

-

M ILLW R IG H TS ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

153
153

8 .9 3
8 .9 3

9 .3 6
9 . 36

7 . 7 0 - 9 .4 3
7 . 7 0 - 9 .4 3

M ACHINE-TOO L OPERATORS (TOOLROOM) MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

109
1 09

8 . 12
8 .1 2

7 .5 7
7 .5 7

7 . 0 1 - 9 .7 6
7 . 0 1 - 9 .7 6

“
-

TOOL AND D IE MAKERS ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

417
410

8 .6 5
8 .6 8

8 .5 7
8 .5 7

8 . 2 5 - 9 .6 4
8 . 2 5 - 9 .6 4

1
1

2
2

STATIO N AR Y EN G IN EERS --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

2 38
190

8 .4 1
8 .3 8

8 .6 4
8 .6 4

7 . 3 5 - 9 . 10
7 . 3 1 - 9 .1 5

-

2
2

“
-

“

~

3
2
1
1

”
-

“
“

-

6
6

-

-

-

1
1

“

-

-

-

-

-

“
~

~

2
2

1
1

1
”

-

8
8

-

-

-

-

~

“

-

-

See fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le s .




1
*
*
%
S
s
S
$
*
$
7 .6 0 8 .0 0 8 .4 0 8 .8 0 9 .2 0 9 .6 0 1 0 .0 0 1 0 . 4 0 1 0 .8 0 1 1 .2 0

2
2
“
“

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR V E H IC L E S ) ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PU B LIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------------

9 .4 8
9 .2 2
9 .5 8
9 .5 8

1
1
~
-

s tr a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f—
i
I
*
*
*
$
*
s
5 .8 0 6 .0 0 6 .2 0 6 .4 0 6 .6 0 6 .8 0 7 .0 0 7 .2 0

20

4
4
-

16
16
-

6
2
4
4

43
36
7
6

39
22
17
15

28
28
-

32
2
30
25

11
11
-

2 07
104
103
98

5
5
-

13
7

15
15

9
9

10
10

15
15

42
27

27
27

4
4

140
140

6
6

3
“
~

“
~

“

5
5

5
5

3
2

29
12

38
38

3
3

66
66
_
-

43
43

9
9

5
5

10
10

6
6

1
1

i
i

14
14

4
4

28
28

2
2

5
5

1
1
_
-

95
95

2
2

18
18
_
-

3
3

1
1

“
9
9

_
-

26
26

2
2

1
1

22
22

2
2

7
6

3
1

10
8

21
20

113
113

90
90

1
1

14
14
_
-

12
9

9
9

19
17

20
15

13
10

18
18

21
18

68
40

33
29

1 29
1 29
_

12
12
_

1
1
1
-

-

1
1
~

-

3
-

-

9
9
-

-

-

3
3

-

-

6
6

_
-

_

12
12
_

1
1

-

15
15

Table A-12. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers—large establishments
in Baltimore, Md., August 1978
N u m ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e h o u r ly earning S o f ----t
*
S
i
t
*
*
S
*
S
%
$
S
S
*
s
S
*
*
S
1
$
*
2 .6 0 2 .8 0 3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 . 80 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 40 4 .8 0 5 .2 0 5 .6 0 6 .0 0 6 .4 0 6 . 80 7 .2 0 7 .6 0 8 .0 0 8 .4 0 8 .8 0 9 .2 0 9 .6 0

Hourly earnings 4

O ccu p a tion and in d u stry d iv is io n

of
workers

M ean 2

M edian 2

M iddle range 2

and
under

2 .8 0 3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 . 80 4 . 00 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .8 0 5 .2 0 5 .6 0 6 .0 0 6 .4 0 6 .8 0 7 .2 0 7 .6 0 8 .0 0 8 . 40 8 .8 0 9 .2 0 9 .6 0
ALL WORKERS
TRU C K D RIVERS ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

1 .3 2 2
813
509

$
7 .7 2
7 .2 6
8 .4 7

$
7 .2 9
7 . 28
9 .1 0

$
7 .1 0 7 .1 0 7 .5 7 -

$
9 .1 0
7 .7 0
9 .3 8

TR U C K D R IV E R S . HEAVY TRUCK ---------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

346
3 *0

7 . 13
7 .1 3

7 . 10
7 .1 0

7 . 1 0 - 7 .7 0
7 . 1 0 - 7 .7 0

T R U C K D R IV E R S . T R A C T O R -T R A IL E R -----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

3 *6
105

8 .5 9
7 .4 5

9 . 10
7 . 94

7 . 9 4 - 9 .4 8
7 . 1 0 - 8 .2 9

S H IP P E R S --------------------------------------------------------------

61

5 .9 1

5 . 17

4 . 6 6 - 6 .8 0

R E C E IV E R S -----------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

178
76
102

6 .6 5
6 .1 1
7 .0 5

7 . 08
6 .0 7
7 . 19

5 . 2 4 - 7 .7 9
5 . 6 0 - 7 .1 4
5 . 2 1 - 8 .9 6

S H IP P E R S AND R E C E IV E R S ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

109
90

6 .4 9
6 .4 9

6 .0 9
6 .0 9

5 . 9 6 - 7 .2 9
6 . 0 2 - 6 .3 1

WAREHOUSEMEN ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

428
28*
1 *4

6 .3 1
6 .3 2
6 .3 0

6 .2 1
6 .2 1
5 .9 5

5 . 1 5 - 7 .1 6
5 . 6 9 - 7 .0 0
4 . 9 3 - 8 .8 0

ORDER F IL L E R S -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

758
150
608

7 .0 6
5 .5 7
7 .4 2

8 . 80
5 .7 8
8 .8 1

4 . 9 3 - 8 .8 5
5 . 7 8 - 5 .7 8
4 . 9 3 - 8 .8 5

S H IP P IN G PACKERS -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

119
5*
65

5 .8 7
6 .0 7
5 .7 1

5 .7 6
5 .9 4
5 .2 1

5 . 1 3 - 6 .5 8
5 . 6 2 - 6 .0 3
4 . 9 3 - 6 .8 1

-

M A T E R IA L HANDLING LABORERS ------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S -------------------------------

1 .1 3 5
727
*0 8
159

6 .8 0
6 .9 6
6 .5 1
7 .4 2

6 .7 9
6 .8 0
5 .6 2
8 .1 2

5 .6 2 6 .1 7 4 .6 1 5 .6 2 -

9
4
5
-

8 .7 1
8 .0 4
8 .8 0
9 .3 8

-

1
1

4
1
3

2
1
1

3
3

14
8
6

21
10
11

14
9
5

33
3
30

47
19
28

75
74
1

188
167
21

294
273
21

196
196
-

46
46

“

“
-

-

“

2
2

9
9

-

3
3

12
12

51
50

130
126

37
36

88
88

14
14

1
1

1
1

6
6

1
1

4
4

46
29

4
4

27
27

32
32

20

“
3

~

1

“
8

-

11

1

-

4

-

-

6
6
“

11
9

6
5
1

35
9
26

1
1

14
14
-

1
1

-

3

7

1
“

-

9

~

-

“

”
-

-

“

-

“

-

-

-

~

3

2

-

“
-

3
-

2

1
1

2
1
1

4
3
1

2
2

2

3
1
2
-

26
20
6
-

7
3
4

19
19

~

12
10
2
_
~

F O R K L IF T OPERATORS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

1 .5 1 8
1 .2 8 3
235

7 .5 4
7 .3 8
8 .4 3

8 .0 0
7 .7 6
8 .9 0

6 . 4 6 - 8 .6 0
6 . 3 1 - 8 .6 0
8 . 8 5 - 8 .9 0

POW ER-TRUCK OPERATORS
(OTHER THAN F O R K L IF T ) ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

199
196

8 .3 2
8 . 34

8 .9 2
9 .1 7

7 . 4 8 - 9 .2 6
7 . 4 8 - 9 .2 6

GUARDS ------------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

1 .2 9 2
3 30

4 .1 2
6 .3 3

3 .2 9
6 . 56

2 . 6 8 - 5 .3 1
5 .5 5 - 7 .2 2

451
1

GUARDS. CLASS A ----------------------------------------

13*

5 .3 3

5 . 48

4 . 6 4 - 6 .5 4

GUARDS. CLASS B :
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

271

6 .2 9

6 .5 6

5 . 4 6 - 8 .1 6

J A N IT O R S . P O R T E R S . AND CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONHANUF A C T U R IN G -----------------------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S -------------------------------

2 .0 4 8
862
1 .1 8 6
186

4 .7 9
6 . 36
3 .6 5
5 .0 7

4 . 88
6 .8 3
2 .8 5
4 .9 6

2 .6 5 5 .6 5 2 .6 5 4 .7 3 -

~

1
1
-

-

*

6 .6 3
7 .0 3
4 .5 5
5 .2 1

1
1

-

“
“
-

_

_

-

-

132
~

92

~
-

9

2

8

32
32

-

-

-

-

9
9
”

~

9
9
“
-

-

3
2
1

i
i

20
16
4

12
12

22
14
8

2
2

1
1

6
6

2

2
2

~

11
3

4

47
47

14
13
1

13
11
2

6
6

11
2
9

43
21
22

18
7
11

47
36
11

78
68
10

48
34
14

28
26
2

3
3
~

1

2

5
1
4

1

~
~

9

73
39
34

9
9

12
2
10

11
5
6

77
77

18
1
17

19

1

11
11

6
6

369

1

7
5
2

16

~

44
13
31

16

369

~

1
1

5

8
1
7

26
11
15

15
2
13

_

1
1
-

2
2
~

6

“

1
1

86
86
“
21
21
“

-

19

16
2
14

i
i

11
3
8
“

13

7
7
“
-

32
25
7
“

40
20
20

5
1
4
“

7
1
6
”

22

13
~

20
5
15
“
-

22
1

67
56
11
1

31
19
12
“

1
1

-

99
99

1
1

4
4

-

_

_

“

-

109
10

63
8

55
19

2

a

6

1

10

574
3
571

79
1
78

_

5
5

22
22

6
6
“

16
16

-

4
4
“

1 06
40
66
65

115
115
-

80
76

80
79
1
1

58
44
14
-

69
58
11
-

44
5
39
35

139
117
22

58

52

58
“

52
52

47
25
22

43
42
1

158
151
7

68
68

100
100
~

216
216
~

155
143
12

419
411
8

189
4
185

-

~

13
13
~

62
62
“
-

"

"

-

-

1
1

11
8

19
19

26
26

_

_

6
6

31
31

93
93

_

-

-

12
12

3
3

~

-

-

-

~

12

3

_

23
9
14

6

n

4

35
~

52
3

62
7

66
27

33
5

27
25

118
1 17

11
11

7
7

5
5

56
56

2

2

8

17

22

2

7

39

6

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

7

20

4

20

78

5

6

5

56

41
13
28
13

21
6
15
6

27
7
20
7

96
16
80
57

122
61
61
51

1 12
86
26
11

99
99

118
61
57
2

79
53
26
25

326
313
13
9

132
123
9

19

3

6

“

_

“

~

~

62
12

20
2

35
“

10

3

6

2

5

8

19

12

2

71
2
69

54
1
53

28
5
23
3

24
3
21
2

_

“

-

6
-

-

_

21

5

8
"

12
12

_

S e e fo o tn o te s a t e nd o f ta b le s .




245
245

~
“
-

-

2

“

138
6
132

~

“
“
2

2

o v er

”

“

-

19

-

3

-

“

_

_

-

-

_

_




Table A-13. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom,
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sexlarge establishments in Baltimore, Md., August 1978
Averajzt
(m e a n 2
hourly
earnings

S ex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

M AINTENANCE* TOOLROOM
POWERPLANT OCCUPATIONS

o c cu p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

AND
MEN

workers

A vera ge
(m e a n 2 )
hourly
earnings 4

M A TER IA L MOVEMENT AND CUSTOOIAL
OCCUPATIONS - HEN— CONTINUEO
$

7 . 19 TRUCKO RIVERS - COmTINUEO
7 . 86
6 .6 7
TR U C K O R IV E R S . T R A C TO R -T R A IL E R -----6 .8 2
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

M AINTENANCE CARPENTERS ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------------

249
1 09
140
53

M AINTENANCE E L E C T R IC IA N S ----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ----------------------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------------

500
4 19
81
55

M AINTENANCE P A IN T E R S --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

74

88

7 .0 8
7 .3 3

MAINTENANCE M A C H IN IS T S ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

457
4 20

8.68

8 . 12
8 .2 1

7 .7 0
7 .7 7

8 .7 7
8 .7 5

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (M A C H IN E R Y ) -

346
105

8 .5 9
7 .4 5

S H IP P E R S ------------------------------------------------------------R E C E IV E R S ---------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

6 .7 3
6 .1 8
7 .1 3

WAREHOUSEMEN --------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

384
270
114

ORDER F IL L E R S ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

631
146
485

M AINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR V E H IC L E S ) ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------------

386
2 39
147
128

8 .7 2
8 .5 0
9 .0 7
9 .1 1

MAINTENANCE P IP E F IT T E R S -------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

371
349

8 .4 8
8 .5 5

M AINTENANCE S H EET-M ETA L WORKERS -----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

150
129

8 .4 3
8 .5 9

M ILLW R IG H TS -----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

153
153

M AC HINE-TO O L OPERATORS (TOOLROOM) MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

107
107

TOOL ANO D IE MAKERS ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

417
410

8 .9 3 POWER-TRUCK OPERATORS
8 .9 3
(OTHER THAN F O R K L IF T ) ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------8 .1 5
8 .1 5 GUARDS ----------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------8 .6 5
8.68
GUARDS. CLASS A ---------------------------------------

STA TIO N A R Y ENG INEERS
MANUFACTURING -------

2 38
190

8 .4 1
8 .3 8

6 .3 6
6 .2 6
6 .5 8

S H IP P IN G PACKERS ---------------------

94

6 . 04

M ATER IA L HANDLING LABORERS
MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PU B LIC U T IL IT IE S ----------

1 .0 9 8
701
397
158

6 . 82
6 .9 9
6 .5 3
7 .4 1

F O R K L IF T OPERATORS ■
MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUFACTURING

1 .4 9 3
1 .2 5 9
234

7 .5 7
7 .4 1
8 .4 5

196
193

8 .3 0
8 .3 3

1 .1 6 2
313

4 .1 3
6 .3 5

TRU C K O R IVER S ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

1 .2 8 6
810
476

T R U C K O R IV E R S . HEAVY TRUCK ---------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

343
337

133

5 . 32

GUARDS. CLASS B1
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

255

6 .3 2

J A N IT O R S . P O R T E R S . AND CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUF A C T U R IN 6 -----------------------------------

M A TE R IA L MOVEMENT ANO CU STO D IAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

S e e fo o tn o te s

Number
of

1 .5 9 8
765
833

5 .0 5
6 .4 4
3 .7 7

382
97

3 .7 2
5 .7 3

7 .7 6
7 .2 6
8 .6 2

M A TER IA L MOVEMENT AND CUSTOOIAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

7 .1 4 J A N IT O R S . P O R T E R S . AND CLEANERS -----7 .1 4
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

at end o f ta b le s .

22

B.

E s ta b lis h m e n t p ra c tic e s an d s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p ro v is io n s

Table B-1. Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks in Baltimore, Md., August 1978
In e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts

M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a ig h t -t im e s a l a r y 7

A ll
in d u strie s

O ther in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 8
N on m an u factu rin g

M anufacturing

B a s e d on stan dard w e e k ly h ou rs 9 o f—

A ll

B a s e d on standard w e e k ly h ou rs 9 of—

A ll
in d u s trie s

A ll
s ch e d u le s

sch e d u le s

N onm anufacturing

M anufacturin g

A ll
s ch ed u les

A ll
sc h e d u le s

207

68

XXX

139

XXX

XXX

207

68

XXX

139

XXX

XXX

ES TA B LIS H M E N TS HAVING A S P E C IF IE D
M INIM UM ----------------------------------------------------------

64

28

23

36

17

11

78

33

25

45

22

15

UNDER * 9 7 .5 0 ----------------------------------------* 9 7 .5 0 AND UNDER * 1 0 0 . 0 0 --------------

1

-

-

1

-

-

1
2

-

-

1
2

-

*1 0 0 .0 0
*1 0 5 .0 0
$ 1 1 0 .0 0
*1 1 5 .0 0
$ 1 2 0 .0 0
*1 2 5 .0 0
*1 3 0 .0 0
*1 3 5 .0 0
*1 4 0 .0 0
*1 4 5 .0 0
*1 5 0 .0 0
*1 5 5 .0 0
*1 6 0 .0 0
* 1 6 5 .0 0
*1 7 0 .0 0
*1 7 5 .0 0
$ 1 8 0 .0 0
$ 1 8 5 .0 0
*1 9 0 .0 0
*1 9 5 .0 0
*2 0 0 .0 0
*2 0 5 .0 0
*2 1 0 .0 0
* 2 1 5 .0 0
*2 2 0 .0 0
*2 2 5 .0 0
* 2 3 0 .0 0
*2 3 5 .0 0
$ 2 4 0 .0 0
* 2 4 5 .0 0
$ 2 5 0 .0 0
*2 5 5 .0 0
* 2 6 0 .0 0
$ 2 6 5 .0 0
$ 2 7 0 .0 0
* 2 7 5 .0 0
* 2 8 0 .0 0
*2 8 5 .0 0

5
5
3
6
6
3
5
2
4

1
1
1
1
2

4
4

3
1

5
3
6
4

_

1

5
5
10
6
5
5
5
1
9
3
1

-

3
3
1
7

2
1
1
6

3
1
1
-

1
1
2
1
2
3
1
1
3
2
1
-

_

3

2

2

1

-

-

E STA B LISH M EN TS STU O IEO -----

AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
ANO
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
ANO
AND
ANO
AND
ANO
AND
ANO
AND
ANO
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
ANO
AND
AND
ANO
AND
AND
ANO
AND

UNDER * 1 0 5 . 0 0
UNDER * 1 1 0 . 0 0
UNDER * 1 1 5 . 0 0
UNDER * 1 2 0 . 0 0
UNDER $ 1 2 5 .0 0
UNDER $ 1 3 0 .0 0
UNDER * 1 3 5 . 0 0
UNDER $ 1 9 0 .0 0
UNDER * 1 4 5 . 0 0
UNDER * 1 5 0 . 0 0
UNDER * 1 5 5 . 0 0
UNDER $ 1 6 0 .0 0
UNDER * 1 6 5 . 0 0
UNDER * 1 7 0 . 0 0
UNDER * 1 7 5 . 0 0
UNDER $ 1 8 0 .0 0
UNDER * 1 8 5 . 0 0
UNDER * 1 9 0 . 0 0
UNOER * 1 9 5 . 0 0
UNDER * 2 0 0 . 0 0
UNDER * 2 0 5 . 0 0
UNDER * 2 1 0 . 0 0
UNDER $ 2 1 5 .0 0
UNDER * 2 2 0 . 0 0
UNDER * 2 2 5 . 0 0
UNDER * 2 3 0 . 0 0
UNDER * 2 3 5 . 0 0
UNOER * 2 4 0 . 0 0
UNDER * 2 4 5 . 0 0
UNDER * 2 5 0 . 0 0
UNOER * 2 5 5 . 0 0
UNDER $ 2 6 0 .0 0
UNDER * 2 6 5 . 0 0
UNDER * 2 7 0 . 0 0
UNDER * 2 7 5 . 0 0
UNDER * 2 8 0 . 0 0
UNOER * 2 8 5 . 0 0
O V E R --------------------

4

2

3
1
1
"

~

i

5
4

-

5
1
3
1
1
1

2

~

1
2
3
1
2
1
1
-

2
1

2
4
2
4
2
2
2
3
~
1
1
“

1

2

1

~

2
1
2

1
-

2

i
i

i
i

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

i

i

1

-

-

2
1
1

i
i
“

1
1
“

1
1

1
1

1

i
~

1

-

-

-

1

-

1

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

:

1
-

-

2

1
1

2

1
1

1
2
2

1
2
2

2
2
i

3
2

i

~

~

1
1
1
1

~
1
1
1

-

1

1

2

-

_

_

-

-

:

-

-

_

2

1
1
~
2

3
~
1
1

1

1
2
1

1
-

1

1

1

2
1
1

1
1
“

1
1
“

1
~
1

1

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

-

:

-

:

-

-

1

-

2

i

1

1

1

-

2

1

1

1

1

ES TA B LIS H M E N TS H A VIN G NO S P E C IF IE D
M INIM UM ---------------------------------------------------------------

37

9

XXX

28

XXX

XXX

56

18

XXX

38

XXX

XXX

E S TA B LIS H M E N TS WHICH D ID NOT EMPLOY
WORKERS IN T H IS CATEGORY ----------------------

106

31

XXX

75

XXX

XXX

73

17

XXX

56

XXX

XXX

S e e fo o t n o t e s

at en d o f ta b le s .




23




Table B-2. Late-shift pay provisions for full-time manufacturing production
and related workers in Baltimore, Md., August 1978
J ^ A ll^ fu n -tim e jrn a n u fa c tu r in ^ ^ g r o d u c tio n a n d r e la te d w o r k e £ 8 = ^ 0 0 j D e r £ e n t }_
W o r k e r s on la te sh ifts

A ll w o r k e r s 10
Item
Secon d sh ift

T h ird shift

S econd shift

T h ir d sh ift

IN ESTA B LISH M EN TS W ITH LA TE S H IF T P R O V IS IO N S ---------

8 9 .3

8 4 .7

2 0 .1

1 0 .2

W ITH NO PAY D IF F E R E N T IA L FOR LA TE S H IF T WORK --------W ITH PAY D IF F E R E N T IA L FOR LA TE S H IF T WORK ---------------UNIFORM C EN TS-PER -H O U R D IF F E R E N T IA L -------------------------UNIFORM PERCENTAGE D IF F E R E N T IA L ----------------------------------OTHER D IF F E R E N T IA L -------------------------------------------------------------------

4 .2
8 5 .1
4 4 .4
3 9 .5
1 .3

4 .2
8 0 .4
3 9 .2
3 7 .2
4 .0

1 .0
1 9 .1
1 0 .0
8 .8
.4

1 .0
9 .2
5 .4
3 .2
.6

1 6 .6
7 .6

2 3 .9
9 .4

1 6 .4
7 .0

2 6 .3
9 .1

PERCENT OF WORKERS

AVERAGE PAY D IF F E R E N T IA L
UNIFORM C EN TS-PER -H O U R D IF F E R E N T IA L ------------------------------UNIFORM PERCENTAGE D IF F E R E N T IA L ----------------------------------------PERCENT OF WORKERS BY TYPE AND
AMOUNT OF PAY D IF F E R E N T IA L
UNIFORM
3
5

8

10
12
14
15
16
17
18
20
21
25
30
32

c en ts- per - hour:
CENTS -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------CENTS -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------CENTS -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------CENTS -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------ANO UNDER 13 CENTS ----------------------------------------------------CENTS -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------AND UNDER 16 CENTS ----------------------------------------------------CENTS -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------ANO UNDER 18 CENTS ----------------------------------------------------CENTS -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------CENTS -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------CENTS -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------CENTS -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------CENTS -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------ANO UNDER 33 CENTS -----------------------------------------------------

perc en tag e:
PERCENT ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------PERCENT ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------PERCENT ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------6 PERCENT ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------7 PERCENT ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------8 PERCENT ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------10 PERCENT ----------------------------------------------------------------------15 PERCENT --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

.6
3 .2
2 .0
3 .5
.3
.9
7 .2
-

2 .4
1 .4
1 9 .5
2 .7
•6
~

UNIFORM
3
4
5

2 .6
1 .0
1 0 .2
.6
5 .5
.3
1 9 .2

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .

24

.6
4 .6
1 .7
2 .6
.4
2 .0
.1
1 .6
3 .6
2 1 .0
1 .1
_
~
1 .9
1 .0
5 .5
.3
2 7 .2
1 .4

.2
.9
.4
.4
.1
.3
1 .6
.5
.5
4 .8
.3
.1

.8
.1
3 .3
.1
1 .0
(1 1 )
3 .5

.1
.3
.1
(1 1 )
.4
~
.3
.4
3 .7
.1
_
.4
.1
.2
~

2 .5

Table B-3. Scheduled weekly hours and days of full-time first-shift workers in Baltimore, Md., August 1978
O ffic e w o rk e r s

P ro d u c tio n and re la te d w o rk e r s
Item

A ll in d u s trie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A ll in d u s trie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu r ing

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

100

100

100

100

100

_
_
_

_
_

_
_

PERCENT OF WORKERS BY SCHEDULED
WEEKLY HOURS AND DAYS
A LL F U L L -T IM E WORKERS -------------------------14
15
20
21
22
24
25
27
28
30
32
33
3A
35
36
36
36
37
37
38
38
38
38
40
41
42
44
45
49

100

100

100

HOURS—5 DAYS -----------------------------------------------HOURS—5 DAYS -----------------------------------------------HOURS—5 0 AYS -----------------------------------------------HOURS—3 1 /2 DAYS -------------------------------------HOURS—5 DAYS -----------------------------------------------HOURS—5 DAYS ----------------------------------------------HOURS—5 DAYS ----------------------------------------------1 /2 HOURS—5 DAYS -------------------------------------HOURS—5 DAYS ----------------------------------------------HOURS—5 DAYS -----------------------------------------------HOURS—5 DAYS -----------------------------------------------HOURS—5 OAYS -----------------------------------------------1 /2 HOURS—A DAYS -------------------------------------HOURS—5 DAYS -----------------------------------------------1 /4 HOURS—5 DAYS -------------------------------------1 /3 HOURS—5 DAYS ------------------------------------2 /3 HOURS—5 DAYS -------------------------------------HOURS—5 DAYS -----------------------------------------------1 /2 H O U R S-5 DAYS -------------------------------------HOURS—6 DAYS -----------------------------------------------1 /4 HOURS—5 0 AYS -----------------------------------3 /4 H O U R S-5 DAYS -------------------------------------8 /1 0 HOURS—5 DAYS -----------------------------------HOURS ---------------------------------------------------------------4 DAYS -------------------------------------------------------------5 DAYS -------------------------------------------------------------1 /2 HOURS—5 DAYS -------------------------------------HOURS ---------------------------------------------------------------5 0 AYS -----------------------------------------------------------5 1 / 2 DAYS --------------------------------------------------HOURS ---------------------------------------------------------------5 DAYS -------------------------------------------------------------6 DAYS -------------------------------------------------------------HOURS—5 0 AYS -----------------------------------------------HOURS—5 DAYS ------------------------------------------------

(1 2 )
(1 2 )
(1 2 )
(1 2 )
(1 2 )
(1 2 )
(1 2 )
(1 2 )

-

(1 2 )
1
(1 2 )
“
1
1

1
(1 2 )
(1 2 )

3

-

-

1
~
1
-

-

-

_

2
1
(1 2 )
6
“

“

80
(1 2 )
80
2
1
1
1
(1 2 )
(1 2 )
3
1

6

“

1

87

1
1

-

2

(1 2 )
_
_
(1 2 )
( 12)
(1 2 )

-

2
(1 2 )
-

5
(1 2 )

1
7
(1 2 )

“
“

~
88

-

8

2
-

_

_

(1 2 )
(1 2 )

-

_

~
1
(1 2 )
6
(1 2 )

93
~
93
~

70
(1 2 )

70
“

3
1
2
2
1
1
4
1

-

26
-

(1 2 )

7

1
55
_

55
(1 2 )

_

2

_
_

-

-

3

(1 2 )
-

9
-

1

4
-

82

3 9 .5

3 9 .7

_

_

_

_

_
(1 2 )
(1 2 )
(1 2 )

-

-

(1 2 )

9

2
(1 2 )
-

32

-

_
-

39

-

9

3

2
45

58

-

-

-

-

82
1

45

58

_

_

—

_

_

_

_
_

_
_
'

3 9 .9

3 9 .1

S ee fo o tn o te at end o f ta b le s .




-

_

_

_
_
_

_

_
_
_

_

-

”

AVERAGE SCHEDULED
WEEKLY HOURS
ALL WEEKLY WORK SCHEDULES -----------------------

_

25

3 8 .8

3 9 .6

'

3 8 .5

3 9 .0

Table B-4. Annual paid holidays for full-time workers in Baltimore, Md., August 1978
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P r o d u c tio n and re la te d w o rk e r s
Ite m

A ll in d u s trie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A ll in d u s trie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

PERCENT OF WORKERS
ALL F U L L -T IN E WORKERS --------------------------

1 00

100

100

100

100

1 00

1 00

IN E S T A B LISH R EN TS NOT P R O VID IN G
PA ID H O LID A YS ----------------------------------------------IN E S T A B LISH R EN TS PR O VID IN G
PA ID H O LID A YS -----------------------------------------------

100

2

-

5

1

(1 2 )

-

(1 2 )

_

98

100

95

99

99

100

99

1 00

9. 2

10. A

7 .7

9 .7

9 .7

1 0 .2

9 .6

1 0 .0

AVERAGE NURBER OF PA IO HO LIDAYS
FOR WORKERS IN E S T A B LIS H R E N T S
PRO VID IN G H O LID A YS ----------------------------------PERCENT OF WORKERS BY NURBER
OF P A IO H O LID A YS PRO VIDED
1
2
3
5
6

HOLIDAY ------------------------------------------------------------H O LIDAYS ----------------------------------------------------------HO LIDAYS ----------------------------------------------------------HO LIDAYS ----------------------------------------------------------HO LIDAYS ----------------------------------------------------------PLUS 2 HALF DAYS -------------------------------------7 HOLIO AYS ----------------------------------------------------------PLUS 1 OR RORE HALF DAYS -----------------8 H O LIDAYS ----------------------------------------------------------PLUS 1 OR RORE HALF DAYS -----------------9 H O LIDAYS ----------------------------------------------------------PLUS 1 OR RORE HALF DAYS -----------------10 HOLIO AYS -------------------------------------------------------PLUS 1 OR RORE HALF DAYS -----------------11 HOLIDAYS --------------------------------------------------------PLUS 1 HALF 0 A Y ---------------------------------------12 HOLIDAYS --------------------------------------------------------13 HOLIDAYS --------------------------------------------------------1A HOLIOAYS --------------------------------------------------------15 HOLIDAYS --------------------------------------------------------19 HOLIOAYS -------------------------------------------------------

2
1
1
3
7
1
12
1
8
(1 2 )
7
(1 2 )
29
2
1A

A1
16

1
2
1
(1 2 )
3

2
4
2
( 12)
6

(1 2 )

-

(1 2 )

1

98
96
95
9A
91
84
71
70
62
55
5A
25
23
8
8
7
5
4
3

100
100
100
100
100
98
89
88
81
72
72
31
31
15
15
13
8
6
6

95
91
89
86
80
66
A9
A9
38
3A
33
17
13
1
1
(1 2 )
(1 2 )
(1 2 )
"

99
99
99
99
96
90
87
87
8A
82
82
3A
8
1
1
1
1
1
“

2

-

9
1
6
1
9

A
3
2
6
1A
3
1A
(1 2 )
10

3
6
3
3

5
1
16
5
12

2

~

A8
27
6

(1 2 )
(1 2 )
5
(1 2 )
8
1
8
2
5
1
A1
5
15
4
2
2
(1 2 )

1

-

11
1
6
1
8
-

27
1
30
1
6
6
-

(1 2 )
(1 2 )
6
(1 2 )
7
1
8
2
A
1
A7
6
9

(1 2 )
A
-

(1 2 )
2
1
1

~

57
30
3

5
(1 2 )
1
(1 2 )

2

99
99
99
99
99
9A
86
86
77
71
71
23
17
8
6
1
1
(1 2 )

1 00
100
100
100
99
96
96
96
93
92
92
35
A
2
2
2
2
2

_

PERCENT OF WORKERS BY TOTAL
P A ID HO LIO AY T IR E P R O V ID E D 131
5
0
9
8
7
*
3
2
1 DAY OR RORE ---------------------------------------------------2 DAYS OR RORE ------------------------------------------------3 DAYS OR RORE ------------------------------------------------5 DAYS OR RORE ------------------------------------------------6 DAYS OR RORE ------------------------------------------------7 DAYS OR RORE ------------------------------------------------7 1 /2 0 AYS OR RORE ---------------------------------------8 DAYS OR RORE ------------------------------------------------9 DAYS OR RORE ------------------------------------------------9 1 /2 0 AYS OR RORE ---------------------------------------10 DAYS OR RORE ----------------------------------------------10 1 /2 OAYS OR RORE -------------------------------------11 DAYS OR RORE ----------------------------------------------11 1 /2 DAYS OR RORE -------------------------------------12 DAYS OR RORE ----------------------------------------------13 DAYS OR RORE ----------------------------------------------1A DAYS OR RORE ----------------------------------------------15 DAYS OR RORE ----------------------------------------------19 DAYS -----------------------------------------------------------------»

S ee fo o tn o te s

at end o f ta b le s .




26

99
99
99
99
99
95
87
87
78
71
71
29
2A
10
8
A
2
(1 2 )

100
100
100
100
100
99
88
87
80
72
72
A5
AA
1A
1A
13
6
-

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Baltimore, Md., August 1978
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P ro d u c tio n and r e la te d w o r k e r s
Ite m

A ll in d u s trie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A ll in d u s trie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

100

100

100

100

100

1 00

_

(1 2 )

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

PERCENT OF UORKERS
100

ALL F U L L -T IM E UORKERS ----------------

100

IN E STA B LISH M EN TS NOT P R 0 V I0 IN 6
P A ID VA C ATIO NS ----------------------------------IN E STA B LISH M EN TS P R O V ID IN G
P A ID VA C ATIO NS ----------------------------------L E N G T H -O F -T IM E PAYMENT -------------PERCENTAGE PAYMENT ----------------------OTHER PAYMENT -----------------------------------

2

-

3

-

(1 2 )

98
95
2
1

100
98
2

97
92
2
2

100
100
-

99
99
i
( 12)

100
97
3

99
99
(1 2 )

100
100

MONTHS OF S E R V IC E :
UNDER 1 WEEK --------------------------1 UEEK ----------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNOER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS ---------------------------------------

13
18
4
(1 2 )

12
20
1
~

16
16
8
(1 2 )

20
28
7
~

9
53
9
7

7
52
5
3

10
53
10
8

38
35
3
~

1 YEAR OF S E R V IC E :
UNDER 1 UEEK --------------------------1 UEEK ----------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNOER 2 UEEKS
2 UEEKS --------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 UEEKS
3 UEEKS --------------------------------------4 UEEKS ---------------------------------------

(1 2 )
62
3
27
1
5

66
2
24
~
8

1
57
4
31
1
1

56
7
33
4

24
1
71
1
3
(1 2 )

23

2 YEARS OF S E R V IC E :
1 UEEK ----------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 UEEKS
2 UEEKS --------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 UEEKS
3 UEEKS --------------------------------------4 UEEKS ---------------------------------------

37
3
51
1
5

40
4
47
( 12 )
9

33
1
57
3
1

12

6
1
89
1
4
(1 2 )

14
2
75

3 YEARS OF S E R V IC E :
1 UEEK ----------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 UEEKS
2 UEEKS --------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNOER 3 UEEKS
3 UEEKS --------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 UEEKS
4 UEEKS ---------------------------------------

6
2
78
5
6
-

4 YEARS OF S E R V IC E :
1 UEEK ----------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 UEEKS
2 UEEKS --------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 UEEKS
3 UEEKS --------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNOER 4 UEEKS
4 UEEKS ---------------------------------------

-

-

AMOUNT OF P A ID VA C ATIO N A F T E R :14
6

S e e fo o t n o t e s

at end o f ta b le s .




_

_

77
11

_

_
69
8
1

-

9
1

_

_

24
1
72
1
2
"

60
1
37
2
-

3
~
94
1
2
"

1
96
3
-

"

"

2
2
78
7
11
~

10
2
79
3
1

4
85
11
-

1
(1 2 )
94
1
3
1
(1 2 )

2
( 12)
88
7
2
1

(1 2 )

(1 2 )

97
1
2
(1 2 )
~

97
3

6
2
77
6
5

2
2
76
9
9

4

2

1
(1 2 )
93
2
2
1
2

2
( 12)
84
3
2
2
6

(1 2 )
96
1
2
(1 2 )

(1 2 )

85
11

1

10
2
79
3
1
~

"

-

-

-

97
3
-

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Baltimore, Md., August 1978—-Continued
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P r o d u c tio n and r e la te d w o r k e r s
Ite m

AMOUNT OF P A ID VACATIO N AFTER
CONTINUED
5

A ll in d u s trie s

4
(1 2 )
70
5
16
2

10 YEARS OF S E R V IC E :
1 WEEK ----------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS --------------------------------------OVER 2 ANO UNOER 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS --------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS
4 WEEKS ------------- ------------------------5 WEEKS ---------------------------------------

1
13
2
70
5
6
(1 2 )

-

71
7
20
~
3

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

9
1
70
3
12
~

85
11
4

3

_

_
-

-

-

3
~
20
3
61
2
5
~
“

(1 2 )
87
11
1
-

1
~
9
48
1
35
1
1
(1 2 )

3
56
2
39
( 12)
1

1

_

6
22
(1 2 )
51
3
12
1
2

-

86
11
-

( 12)

YEARS OF S E R V IC E !
1 UEEK ------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNOER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS ----------------------------------------3 WEEKS ----------------------------------------OVER 3 ANO UNOER 4 WEEKS •
4 WEEKS ----------------------------------------OVER 4 ANO UNDER 5 WEEKS 5 WEEKS ----------------------------------------OVER 5 ANO UNDER 6 WEEKS 6 WEEKS -----------------------------------------

-

24
1
60
2
5
“

15 YEARS OF S E R V IC E !
1 WEEK -----------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS ---------------------------------------3 WEEKS ---------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNOER 4 WEEKS
4 WEEKS ---------------------------------------OVER 4 AND UNDER 5 WEEKS
5 WEEKS ----------------------------------------6 WEEKS -----------------------------------------

1
~
11
2
70
6
6

-

4
3
78
7
8
1

YEARS OF S E R V IC E :
1 WEEK -----------------------------------------OVER 1 ANO UNDER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS ---------------------------------------OVER 2 ANO UNOER 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS ---------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS
4 WEEKS ---------------------------------------5 WEEKS ---------------------------------------6 WEEKS ----------------------------------------

20

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

4
1
78
9
8
1

_
-

~
3
18
( 12)
61
5
13
1

3

-

_

3

-

-

16
39
1
31
2
2

(1 2 )
59
-

30
11

~

_

3
~
10
27
~
39
1
11
2
2

(1 2 )
6
~
78
5
10
1

S ee fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le s .




A ll in d u s trie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u f a c tu r ing

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

14

YEARS OF S E R V IC E :
1 UEEK ----------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNOER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS --------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNOER 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS --------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNOER 4 WEEKS
4 WEEKS ---------------------------------------

12

M a n u fa c tu rin g

28

(1 2 )
71
2
24
(1 2 )
2
(1 2 )
(1 2 )
8
1
83
1
7
(1 2 )
(1 2 )
5
1
83
2
8
(1 2 )
“
(1 2 )
( 12)
3
57
1
38
(1 2 )
(1 2 )
(1 2 )
(1 2 )
( 1 2)
3
11
(1 2 )
76
1
8
(1 2 )
(1 2 )

-

68
5
19
8

_

6
2
78
2
13
~

_
6
-

75
6
12
1
~

_

4
31
1
62
1
1

_
4
10
72
4
10
~
1

(1 2 )
73
1
26
(1 2 )
~
(1 2 )
(1 2 )
9
i
85
1
5
“
(1 2 )
(1 2 )
5
1
86
1
7
"
(1 2 )
(1 2 )
2
67
1
29
(1 2 )
(1 2 )
”
(1 2 )
(1 2 )
2
12
(1 2 )
78
1
7
(1 2 )
(1 2 >

-

96
3
1
-

_

~
3
~
94
3
(1 2 )

_
-

3

-

94
3
(1 2 )
~

_

1
56
41
1
“

_
1
1
~
95
1
1

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Baltimore, Md., August 1978— Continued
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P ro d u c tio n and r e la te d w o rk e r s
Ite m

A ll in d u s trie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

N o n m a n u f a c tu r ing

A ll in d u s trie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

AMOUNT OF P A ID VA C ATIO N A FTER 14 CONTINUED
25 YEARS OF S E R V IC E :
1 WEEK ---------------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS -------2 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------3 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS -------A WEEKS ------------------------------------------------OVER A AND UNDER 5 WEEKS -------5 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS -------6 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------7 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------

1
6
21
(1 2 )
23
(1 2 )
A2
2
1
1

3
16
(1 2 )
26
(1 2 )
51
2
1
1

30 YEARS OF S E R V IC E :
1 WEEK --------------------------------------------------2 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------3 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS -------A WEEKS ------------------------------------------------OVER A AND UNOER 5 WEEKS -------5 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS ------6 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------7 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------8 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------

1
6
21
(1 2 )
17
(1 2 )
AA
2
A
(1 2 )
1

_
3
16
(1 2 )
17
(1 2 )
53
2
7
1
~

3
10
27
~
17
1
33
2
(1 2 )

MAXIMUM VA C ATIO N A V A IL A B L E :
1 WEEK --------------------------------------------------2 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------3 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS -------A WEEKS ------------------------------------------------OVER A AND UNOER 5 WEEKS ------5 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS * - ----6 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------7 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------8 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------

1
6
21
(1 2 )
17
(1 2 )
A2
1
7
i
i

3
16
(1 2 )
17
<1 2 )
52
1
8
2

3
10
27
~
17
1
29
2
4

3
ro
27
~
20
1
30
2
(1 2 )
2

(1 2 )
6
~
10
72
10
3
-

(1 2 )
6
~
10
72
10
3

2

~

_
(1 2 )
6
~
10
72
10
3
~

~

2

See fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le s .




29

(1 2 )
(1 2 )
3
11
(1 2 )
A7
1
38
( 12)
1
(1 2 )

A
8
37
1
A7
1
2

(1 2 )
(1 2 )
2
12
(1 2 )
50
1
3A
(1 2 )
(1 2 )
(1 2 )

11
( 1 2)
A2
(1 2 )
39
(1 2 )
4

_
4
8
32
A7
10

(1 2 )
2
12
(1 2 )
A6
1
37
(1 2 )
2

(1 2 )

“

(1 2 )
2
12
(1 2 )
A6
1
32
(1 2 )
6
~
(1 2 )

7
89
1
(1 2 )
'

(1 2 )

_

1
1

(1 2 )

(1 2 )
3
11
(1 2 )
42
(1 2 )
36
(1 2 )
8
(1 2 )
(1 2 )

-

A
8
32
A5
12
1

_
1
1
7
“
89
i
(1 2 )

1
1
“
7
~
89
1
(1 2 )

Table B-6. Health, insurance, and pension plans for full-time workers in Baltimore, Md., August 1978
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P r o d u c tio n and r e la te d w o r k e r s
Ite m

A ll in d u s trie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A ll in d u s trie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

PERCENT OF UORKERS
ALL F U L L -T IM E UORKERS --------------------------

100

100

100

100

100

1 00

100

1 30

IN ESTA B LISH M EN TS P R O V ID IN G AT
LEAST ONE OF THE B E N E F IT S
SHOUN BELOW15----------------------------------- ----------------

98

100

95

100

99

100

99

1 00

L IF E INSURANCE -------------------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ----------------------------

96
86

99
95

92
76

100
96

99
81

100
89

99
78

99
99

A C CIDENTAL DEATH ANO
DISMEMBERMENT INSURANCE ------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ----------------------------

66
59

69
66

63
51

68
69

73
97

70
60

79
92

67
66

SIC K N ESS AND ACCIOENT INSURANCE
OR S IC K LEAVE OR BOTH16----------------------------

99

99

87

97

91

92

91

99

73
67

86
83

56
98

60
58

92
36

69
66

33
25

96
96

SIC K N ES S ANO ACCIOENT
INSURANCE -----------------------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ----------------------S IC K LEAVE (F U L L PAY ANO NO
W A ITIN G P E R IO D ) ---------------------------------------S IC K LEAVE (P A R T IA L PAY OR
W A ITIN G P E R IO D ) ----------------------------------------

27

18

37

67

67

51

73

97

12

12

12

6

7

5

7

(1 2 )

LONG-TERM D IS A B IL IT Y
INSURANCE ----------------------------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ----------------------------

31
28

32
30

29
26

72
69

65
51

50
93

71
59

80
80

H O S P IT A L IZ A T IO N INSURANCE ----------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ----------------------------

95
82

99
98

88
61

100
96

95
73

99
97

93
69

100
99

SURGICAL INSURANCE ---------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ----------------------------

93
80

97
95

88
62

100
96

98
76

97
95

99
69

1 00
99

MEDICAL INSURANCE -----------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ----------------------------

99
81

98
97

88
62

100
96

97
76

98
96

97
69

1 00
99

MAJOR M EDICAL INSURANCE ---------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ----------------------------

83
69

86
89

80
51

97
93

97
79

96
87

98
70

1 00
99

DENTAL INSURANCE --------------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ----------------------------

50
96

61
61

36
29

56
56

93
37

62
59

36
29

63
61

RETIREM EN T PEN SIO N ---------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ----------------------------

82
75

97
99

69
51

82
79

90
82

93
88

89
79

79
79

See fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le s .




30

«

Table B-7. Life insurance plans for full-time workers in Baltimore, Md., August 1978
P r o d u ctio n and re la te d w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

M anufacturin g

A ll in d u strie s

M anufacturing

A ll in d u stries

Item
A ll
plans 1
7

N o n co n trib u to ry
plans 1
7

A ll
plans 1
7

N o n co n trib u to ry
plans 1
7

A ll
plans 1
7

N one on trib u tory
plans 1
7

A ll
plans 1
7

N on con trib u tory
plans 1
7

TYPE OF PLAN ANO AMOUNT
OF INSURANCE
ALL F U L L -T IM E UORKERS ARE PR O VID ED THE SAME
FLA T -S U M DOLLAR AMOUNT:
PERCENT OF A LL F U L L -T IM E U O RKERS18---------------------------AMOUNT OF INSURANCE P R O V ID E O I19
M E A N ---------------------------------------------------------------------------M EDIAN -----------------------------------------------------------------------M ID D LE RANGE ( 5 0 P E R C E N T) ------------------------M IDDLE RAN6E ( 8 0 P E R C E N T) ------------------------AMOUNT OF INSURANCE I S BASED ON A SCHEDULE
WHICH IN D IC A T E S A S P E C IF IE D DOLLAR AMOUNT OF
INSURANCE FOR A S P E C IF IE D LEN 6TH OF S E R V IC E :
PERCENT OF A LL F U L L -T IM E UO R K ERS18---------------------------AMOUNT OF IN SURANCE P R O V IO E D 19 A F T E R :
6 MONTHS OF S E R V IC E :
M E A N ---------------------------------------------------------------------------M EDIAN ----------------------------------------------------------------------M ID D LE RANGE ( 5 0 P E R C E N T) ------------------------M ID DLE RANGE ( 8 0 PE R C E N T) ------------------------1 YEAR OF S E R V IC E !
M E A N ---------------------------------------------------------------------------M EDIAN ----------------------------------------------------------------------M ID D LE RANGE ( 5 0 PE R C E N T) ------------------------M ID D LE RANGE ( 8 0 PE R C E N T) ------------------------5 YEARS OF S E R V IC E !
M E A N ---------------------------------------------------------------------------M EDIAN -----------------------------------------------------------------------M IDDLE RANGE ( 5 0 P E R C E N T) ------------------------M ID DLE RANGE ( 8 0 PE R C E N T) ------------------------10 YEARS OF S E R V IC E !
M E A N ---------------------------------------------------------------------------M EDIAN ----------------------------------------------------------------------MIOOLE RANGE ( 5 0 P E R C E N T) ------------------------M IDOLE RAN6E ( 8 0 P E R C E N T) ------------------------2 0 YEARS OF S E R V IC E !
M EDIAN -----------------------------------------------------------------------M IDDLE RANGE ( 5 0 P E R C E N T ) ------------------------M IDO LE RANGE ( 8 0 P E R C E N T) -------------------------

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s




<)7
*5 .< *0 0
$ 5 ,0 0 0
$< *•000- 6 .0 0 0
$ 2 , 0 0 0 - 1 0 .0 0 0

9

<*<*
$ 5 ,3 0 0
$ 5 ,0 0 0
$ 3 , 0 0 0 - 6 .0 0 0
$ 2 , 0 0 0 - 1 0 .0 0 0

9

37
$ 6 ,2 0 0
$ 5 ,0 0 0
$ 4 , 0 0 0 - 7 .5 0 0
$ 3 , 0 0 0 - 1 0 .0 0 0

35

30

$ 6 .2 0 0
$ 5 .0 0 0
$ 4 , 0 0 0 - 7 .5 0 0
$ 3 , 0 0 0 - 1 0 .0 0 0

$ 5 ,6 0 0
$ 5 ,0 0 0
$ 2 , 5 0 0 - 7 .5 0 0
$ 2 , 0 0 0 - 1 0 .0 0 0

9

9

4

27
$ 5 ,5 0 0
$ 5 ,0 0 0
$ 2 , 0 0 0 - 7 .5 0 0
$ 2 , 0 0 0 - 1 0 .0 0 0

4

27
$ 6 ,9 0 0
$ 6 ,0 0 0
$ 4 , 0 0 0 - 1 0 ,0 0 0
$ 3 , 0 0 0 - 1 2 .5 0 0

22
$ 6 ,6 0 0
$ 5 ,0 0 0
$ 4 , 0 0 0 - 7 ,5 0 0
$ 3 , 0 0 0 - 1 2 .5 0 0

9

9

$ 2 ,0 0 0
$ 1 ,0 0 0
$ 1 , 0 0 0 - 2 .0 0 0
$ 5 0 0 - 6 .0 0 0

$ 2 ,0 0 0
$ 1 ,0 0 0
$ 1 , 0 0 0 - 2 .0 0 0
$ 5 0 0 - 6 .0 0 0

$ 1 ,4 0 0
$ 1 ,0 0 0
$ 5 0 0 - 2 .0 0 0
$ 5 0 0 - 2 .5 0 0

$ 1 ,4 0 0
$ 1 ,0 0 0
$ 5 0 0 - 2 .0 0 0
$ 5 0 0 - 2 .5 0 0

$ 2 ,2 0 0
$ 1 ,0 0 0
$ 1 , 0 0 0 - 2 .5 0 0
$ 5 0 0 - 6 .0 0 0

$ 2 ,2 0 0
$ 1 ,0 0 0
$ 1 , 0 0 0 - 2 .5 0 0
$ 5 0 0 - 6 .0 0 0

$ 1 ,5 0 0
$ 2 ,0 0 0
$ 5 0 0 - 2 ,0 0 0
$ 5 0 0 - 2 .5 0 0

$ 1 ,5 0 0
$ 2 ,0 0 0
$ 5 0 0 - 2 .0 0 0
$ 5 0 0 - 2 .5 0 0

$ 2 ,5 0 0
$ 1 ,5 0 0
$ 1 , 0 0 0 - 3 .0 0 0
$ 1 , 0 0 0 - 6 .0 0 0

$ 2 ,5 0 0
$ 1 ,5 0 0
$ 1 , 0 0 0 - 3 .0 0 0
$ 1 , 0 0 0 - 6 .0 0 0

$ 2 ,1 0 0
$ 1 ,0 0 0
$ 1 , 0 0 0 - 2 .5 0 0
$ 1 , 0 0 0 - 5 .0 0 0

$ 2 .1 0 0
$ 1 ,0 0 0
$ 1 , 0 0 0 - 2 .5 0 0
$ 1 , 0 0 0 - 5 .0 0 0

$ 3 ,3 0 0
$ 1 ,5 0 0
$ 1 , 0 0 0 - 3 .0 0 0
$ 1 , 0 0 0 - 1 0 .0 0 0

$ 3 ,3 0 0
$ 1 ,5 0 0
$ 1 , 0 0 0 - 3 .0 0 0
$ 1 , 0 0 0 - 1 0 .0 0 0

$ 3 ,0 0 0
$ 1 ,0 0 0
$ 1 , 0 0 0 - 2 .5 0 0
$ 1 , 0 0 0 - 1 0 .0 0 0

$ 3 ,0 0 0
$ 1 ,0 0 0
$ 1 , 0 0 0 - 2 ,5 0 0
$ 1 , 0 0 0 - 1 0 .0 0 0

$ 6 . <*00
$<*.500
$ 3 , 8 0 0 - 5 .0 0 0
$ 3 , 0 0 0 - 1 7 .0 0 0

$ 6 ,4 0 0
$ 4 ,5 0 0
$ 3 , 8 0 0 - 5 .0 0 0
$ 3 , 0 0 0 - 1 7 .0 0 0

$ 4 ,3 0 0
$ 4 ,0 0 0
$ 3 , 0 0 0 - 5 .0 0 0
$ 3 , 0 0 0 - 5 .0 0 0

$ 4 ,3 0 0
$ 4 ,0 0 0
$ 3 , 0 0 0 - 5 .0 0 0
$ 3 , 0 0 0 - 5 .0 0 0

$ 7 . ^00
$ 4 ,5 0 0
$ 3 , 0 0 0 - 1 0 .0 0 0
$ 3 , 0 0 0 - 2 0 .0 0 0

$ 7 ,5 0 0
$ 4 ,5 0 0
$ 3 , 0 0 0 - 1 0 .0 0 0
$ 3 , 0 0 0 - 2 0 .0 0 0

$ 4 ,7 0 0
$ 3 ,8 0 0
$ 3 , 0 0 0 - 5 .0 0 0
$ 3 , 0 0 0 - 1 0 .0 0 0

$ 4 ,7 0 0
$ 3 ,8 0 0
$ 3 , 0 0 0 - 5 .0 0 0
$ 3 , 0 0 0 - 1 0 .0 0 0

$ 1 0 ,3 0 0
$ 5 ,0 0 0
$ 5 , 0 0 0 - 1 5 .0 0 0
$ 5 ,0 0 0 - 2 0 .0 0 0

$ 1 0 ,3 0 0
$ 5 ,0 0 0
$ 5 , 0 0 0 - 1 5 .0 0 0
$ 5 , 0 0 0 - 2 0 .0 0 0

$ 5 ,4 0 0
$ 5 ,0 0 0
$ 5 , 0 0 0 - 5 .0 0 0
$ 4 , 0 0 0 - 5 .0 0 0

$ 5 ,4 0 0
$ 5 ,0 0 0
$ 5 , 0 0 0 - 5 .0 0 0
$ 4 , 0 0 0 - 5 .0 0 0

$ 1 0 ,0 0 0
$ 5 ,0 0 0
$ 5 , 0 0 0 - 1 5 .0 0 0
$ 5 , 0 0 0 - 2 0 .0 0 0

$ 1 0 ,0 0 0
$ 5 ,0 0 0
$ 5 , 0 0 0 - 1 5 .0 0 0
$ 5 , 0 0 0 - 2 0 .0 0 0

$ 5*80 0
$ 5 ,0 0 0
$ 5 , 0 0 0 - 5 .0 0 0
$ 4 , 0 0 0 - 1 0 .0 0 0

$ 5 ,8 0 0
$ 5 ,0 0 0
$ 5 * 0 0 0 - 5 .0 0 0
$ 4 , 0 0 0 - 1 0 .0 0 0

$ 1 0 ,5 0 0
$ 5 ,0 0 0
$ 5 , 0 0 0 - 1 5 .0 0 0
$ 5 , 0 0 0 - 2 0 .0 0 0

$ 1 0 ,5 0 0
$ 5 ,0 0 0
$ 5 , 0 0 0 - 1 5 .0 0 0
$ 5 , 0 0 0 - 2 0 .0 0 0

$ 5 ,4 0 0
$ 5 ,0 0 0
$ 5 , 0 0 0 - 5 .0 0 0
$ 4 , 0 0 0 - 5 .0 0 0

$ 5 ,4 0 0
$ 5 ,0 0 0
$ 5 , 0 0 0 - 5 .0 0 0
$ 4 , 0 0 0 - 5 .0 0 0

$ 1 0 ,4 0 0
$ 5 ,0 0 0
$ 5 , 0 0 0 - 1 5 .0 0 0
$ 5 , 0 0 0 - 2 0 .0 0 0

$ 1 0 ,4 0 0
$ 5 ,0 0 0
$ 5 , 0 0 0 - 1 5 .0 0 0
$ 5 , 0 0 0 - 2 0 .0 0 0

$ 5 ,8 0 0
$ 5 ,0 0 0 }
$ 5 , 0 0 0 - 5 ,0 0 0
$ 4 , 0 0 0 - 1 0 .0 0 0

$ 5 ,8 0 0
$ 5 ,0 0 0
$ 5 , 0 0 0 - 5 ,0 0 0
$ 4 , 0 0 0 - 1 0 .0 0 0

Table B-7. Life insurance plans for full-time workers in Baltimore, Md., August 1978— Continued
P r o d u c t io n and re la te d w o r k e r s
A l l in d u s trie s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

M anufacturin g

M anufacturin g

A ll in d u s trie s

Item
A ll
plans 1
7

N o n co n trib u to ry
plans 1
7

A ll
plans 17

N o n co n trib u to ry
plans 1
7

A ll
plans 1
7

37

23

None o n tr ib u to ry
plans 17

A ll
plans 1
7

N on c o n trib u to r y
plans 1
7

TYPE OF PLAN AND AMOUNT
OF IN SU R AN C E-C O N TIN U ED
AMOUNT OF INSURANCE I S BASED ON A SCHEDULE
WHICH IN D IC A T E S A S P E C IF IE D DOLLAR AMOUNT OF
INSURANCE FOR A S P E C IF IE D AMOUNT OF EA R N IN G S:
PERCENT OF A LL F U L L -T IM E WORKERS18--------------------AMOUNT OF INSURANCE P R O V ID E D 19 I F :
ANNUAL E A R N IN 6S ARE $ 5 , 0 0 0 :
M E A N -------------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN ---------------------------------------------------------------HIDO LE RANGE <50 PER C EN T) -----------------M IDDLE RANGE ( 8 0 PER C EN T) -----------------ANNUAL EARNING S ARE $ 1 0 ,0 0 0 :
M E A N -------------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN ---------------------------------------------------------------M IDDLE RANGE ( 5 0 PER C EN T) -----------------H ID O LE RANGE ( 8 0 PER C EN T) ------------------ANNUAL EARNING S ARE $ 1 5 ,0 0 0 :
M E A N --------------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN ----------------------------------------------------------------M IDDLE RANGE ( 5 0 PER C EN T) ------------------H ID O LE RANGE ( 8 0 PER C EN T) ------------------ANNUAL E A R N IN 6S ARE $ 2 0 ,0 0 0 :
M E A N --------------------------------------------------------------------MEOIAN ----------------------------------------------------------------M IDDLE RANGE ( 5 0 PER C EN T) ------------------M IDDLE RANGE ( 8 0 PER C EN T) ------------------AMOUNT OF INSURANCE IS EXPRESSED AS A FACTOR OF
ANNUAL E A R N IN G S :20
PERCENT OF A LL F U L L -T IM E WORKERS1 8 --------------------FACTOR OF ANNUAL EARNING S USED TO CALCULATE
AMOUNT OF IN S U R A N C E :19 20
M E A N --------------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN ----------------------------------------------------------------M IDDLE RANGE ( 5 0 PER C EN T) ------------------M IDDLE RAN6E ( 8 0 PER C EN T) ------------------PERCENT OF ALL F U L L -T IM E WORKERS COVERED BY
PLANS NOT S P E C IF Y IN G A MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF
INSURANCE --------------------------------------------------------------------------PERCENT OF A LL F U L L -T IM E WORKERS COVERED BY
PLANS S P E C IF Y IN G A MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF
INSURANCE --------------------------------------------------------------------------S P E C IF IE D MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF IN S U R A N C E :19
M E A N ---------------------------------------------------------------------M EDIAN ----------------------------------------------------------------M IDDLE RANGE ( 5 0 PER C EN T) ------------------M IDDLE RANGE ( 8 0 PER C EN T) -------------------AMOUNT OF INSURANCE IS BASED ON SOME OTHER TYPE
of p l a n :
PERCENT OF A LL F U L L -T IM E WORKERS18----------------------

22

21

38

33

32

$ 9 ,2 0 0
$ 8 ,0 0 0
$ 8 , 0 0 0 - 1 1 .0 0 0
$ 8 . 0 0 0 - 1 1 .2 0 0

$ 9 ,2 0 0
$ 8 ,0 0 0
$ 8 , 0 0 0 - 1 1 .0 0 0
$ 8 , 0 0 0 - 1 1 .2 0 0

$ 9 ,2 0 0
$ 8 ,0 0 0
$ 8 ,0 0 0 - 1 1 * 0 0 0
$ 8 , 0 0 0 - 1 1 ,2 0 0

$ 9 ,2 0 0
$ 8 ,0 0 0
$ 8 * 0 0 0 - 1 1 .0 0 0
$ 8 ,0 0 0 - 1 1 ,2 0 0

$ 8 ,0 0 0
$ 8 ,0 0 0
$ 6 , 0 0 0 - 9 .0 0 0
$ 5 , 0 0 0 - 1 1 .2 0 0

$ 7 ,8 0 0
$ 8 ,0 0 0
$ 6 , 0 0 0 - 9 .0 0 0
$ 6 , 0 0 0 - 1 1 ,2 0 0

$ 9 ,2 0 0
$ 9 ,0 0 0
$ 9 ,0 0 0 -1 1 *2 0 0
$ 5 , 0 0 0 - 1 1 ,2 0 0

$ 9 ,1 0 0
$ 9 .0 0 0
$ 9 , 0 0 0 - 1 1 ,2 0 0
$ 6 , 0 0 0 - 1 1 .2 0 0

$ 1 0 ,7 0 0
$ 9 ,0 0 0
$ 8 , 0 0 0 - 1 1 .5 0 0
$ 8 , 0 0 0 - 1 5 .0 0 0

$ 1 0 ,4 0 0
$ 9 ,0 0 0
$ 8 , 0 0 0 - 1 1 .5 0 0
$ 8 , 0 0 0 - 1 5 .0 0 0

$ 1 0 ,4 0 0
$ 9 ,0 0 0
$ 8 , 0 0 0 - 1 1 .5 0 0
$ 8 * 0 0 0 - 1 5 ,0 0 0

$ 1 0 ,4 0 0
$ 9 ,0 0 0
$ 8 . 0 0 0 - 1 1 .5 0 0
$ 8 , 0 0 0 - 1 5 ,0 0 0

$ 1 4 .5 0 0
$ 1 5 ,0 0 0
$ 1 0 ,0 0 0 - 2 0 . 0 0 0
$ 9 , 0 0 0 - 2 0 .0 0 0

$ 1 4 ,2 0 0
$ 1 5 ,0 0 0
$ 9 , 0 0 0 - 2 0 .0 0 0
$ 9 , 0 0 0 - 2 0 .0 0 0

$ 1 1 *5 0 0
$ 9 ,0 0 0
$ 9 , 0 0 0 - 1 5 .0 0 0
$ 9 . 0 0 0 - 1 5 .0 0 0

$ 1 1 ,1 0 0
$ 9 ,0 0 0
$ 9 , 0 0 0 - 1 5 .0 0 0
$ 9 , 0 0 0 - 1 5 .0 0 0

$ 1 3 ,5 0 0
$ 1 1 ,0 0 0
$ 9 , 0 0 0 - 1 6 .5 0 0
$ 9 , 0 0 0 - 2 1 .5 0 0

$ 1 3 ,0 0 0
$ 1 1 ,0 0 0
$ 9 , 0 0 0 - 1 6 .5 0 0
$ 9 , 0 0 0 - 2 1 .5 0 0

$ 1 2 ,9 0 0
$ 1 1 .0 0 0
$ 9 ,0 0 0 - 1 6 * 5 0 0
$ 9 , 0 0 0 - 2 1 .5 0 0

$12 ,9 0 0
$ 1 1 ,0 0 0
$ 9 , 0 0 0 - 1 6 .5 0 0
$ 9 . 0 0 0 - 2 1 ,5 0 0

$ 2 0 ,9 0 0
$ 2 1 ,5 0 0
$ 1 5 ,0 0 0 - 3 0 .0 0 0
$ 1 1 ,5 0 0 - 3 0 .0 0 0

$ 2 0 ,6 0 0
$ 2 1 ,5 0 0
$ 1 1 ,5 0 0 - 3 0 , 0 0 0
$ 1 1 ,5 0 0 - 3 0 , 0 0 0

$ 1 5 ,6 0 0
$1 1 .5 0 0
$ 1 1 ,5 0 0 - 2 1 . 5 0 0
$ 1 1 ,5 0 0 - 2 1 . 5 0 0

$ 1 5 ,1 0 0
$ 1 1 ,5 0 0
$ 1 1 .5 0 0 - 2 1 , 5 0 0
$ 1 1 ,5 0 0 - 2 1 , 5 0 0

$ 1 6 ,4 0 0
$ 1 1 ,5 0 0
H O . 5 0 0 - 2 2 .0 0 0
» 1 0 .5 0 0 - 2 9 .0 0 0

$ 1 5 ,7 0 0
$ 1 1 ,5 0 0
$ 1 0 ,5 0 0 - 2 2 . 0 0 0
$ 1 0 ,5 0 0 - 2 9 . 0 0 0

$ 1 5 *6 0 0
$ 1 1 ,5 0 0
$ 1 0 ,5 0 0 - 2 2 * 0 0 0
$ 1 0 ,5 0 0 - 2 9 . 0 0 0

$ 1 5 ,6 0 0
$ 1 1 ,5 0 0
$ 1 0 , 5 0 0 —2 2 , 0 0 0
$ 1 0 ,5 0 0 - 2 9 .0 0 0

$ 2 7 ,3 0 0
$ 2 9 ,0 0 0
$ 2 0 ,0 0 0 - 4 0 .0 0 0
$ 1 5 ,5 0 0 - 4 0 .0 0 0

$ 2 7 ,4 0 0
$ 2 9 ,0 0 0
$ 1 5 ,5 0 0 - 4 0 . 0 0 0
$ 1 5 ,5 0 0 - 4 0 , 0 0 0

$ 2 0 *5 0 0
$ 1 5 ,5 0 0
$ 1 5 *5 0 0 -2 9 .0 0 0
$ 1 2 ,5 0 0 - 3 0 . 0 0 0

$ 2 0 ,0 0 0
$ 1 5 ,5 0 0
$1 5 , 500- 29 .0 00
$ 1 2 , 500- 29 .0 00

14
1 .3 1
1 .0 0
1 .0 0 - 1 . 7 5
1 .0 0 -2 .0 0
12
2
$ 2 4 ,9 0 0
$ 1 9 ,3 0 0
$ 4 , 0 0 0 - 5 0 .0 0 0
$ 4 , 0 0 0 - 5 0 .0 0 0

3

10
1 .2 2
1 .0 0
1 .0 0 -1 .5 0
1 .0 0 -2 .0 0
9
1
$ 3 9 ,5 0 0
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

2

11
1 .3 7
1 .0 0
1 .0 0 - 2 . 0 0
1 .0 0 -2 .0 0
9

9
1 .3 3
1 .0 0
1 .0 0 - 2 . 0 0
1 .0 0 -2 .0 0
8

i

1

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

4

4

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .




15

32

40
1 .5 3
1 .5 0
1 .0 0 - 2 . 0 0
1 .0 0 - 2 . 0 0

34
1 .5 4
1 .5 0
1 .0 0 -2 .0 0
1 .0 0 -2 .0 0

35

30

5

5

$ 2 5 6 ,2 0 0
$ 2 6 7 ,1 0 0
$ 2 5 0 ,0 0 0
$ 2 5 0 ,0 0 0
H O O . 0 0 0 - 4 0 0 ,0 0 0 $ 2 5 0 ,0 0 0 - 4 0 0 .0 0 0
$ 4 0 ,0 0 0 - 4 0 0 .0 0 0 $ 5 0 ,0 0 0 - 4 0 0 .0 0 0

2

1

25

22

1 .4 4
1 .5 0
1 .0 0 -2 .0 0
1 .0 0 -2 .0 0

1 .3 9
1 .0 0
1 .0 0 -2 .0 0
1 .0 0 -2 .0 0

23

21

2
$ 3 2 ,7 0 0
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

6

2

$ 3 2 , 7 OO
(6 )
(6 >
(6 >

3

Footnotes

14 Includes payments other than "length of t im e ," such as percentage
of annual earnings or flat-sum payments, converted to an equivalent time
basis; for example, 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's
pay. Periods of service are chosen arbitrarily and do not necessarily reflect
individual provisions for progression; for example, changes in proportions
at 10 years include changes between 5 and 10 years. Estimates are cumula­
tive. Thus, the proportion eligible for at least 3 weeks' pay after 10 years
includes those eligible for at least 3 weeks' pay after fewer years of service.
15 Estimates listed after type of benefit are for all plans for which
at least a part of the cost is borne by the employer. "Noncontributory
plans" include only those financed entirely by the employer. Excluded are
legally required plans, such as w orkers' disability compensation, social se ­
curity, and railroad retirement.
16 Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and
accident insurance shown separately below. Sick leave plans are limited to
those which definitely establish at least the minimum number of days' pay
that each employee can expect. Informal sick leave allowances determined
on an individual basis are excluded.
17 Estimates under "A ll plans" relate to all plans for which at least
a part of the cost is borne by the employer. Estimates under "Noncontrib­
utory plans" include only those financed entirely by the employer.
18 For "A ll in d u stries," all full-tim e production and related workers
or office workers equal 100 percent. For "M anufacturing," all full-tim e
production and related workers or office workers in manufacturing equal 100
percent.
19 The mean amount is computed by multiplying the number of workers
provided insurance by the amount of insurance provided, totaling the prod­
ucts, and dividing the sum by the number of workers. The median indicates
that half of the workers are provided an amount equal to or smaller and half
an amount equal to or larger than the amount shown. Middle range (50 p er­
cent)— a fourth of the workers are provided an amount equal to or less than
the sm aller amount and a fourth are provided an amount equal to or more
than the larger amount. Middle range (80 percent)— 10 percent of the work­
ers are provided an amount equal to or less than the sm aller amount and 10
percent are provided an amount equal to or more than the larger amount.
20 A factor of annual earnings is the number by which annual earnings
are multiplied to determine the amount of insurance provided. For example,
a factor of 2 indicates that for annual earnings of $ 10,000 the amount of
insurance provided is $ 20 , 000 .

Some of these standard footnotes may not apply to this bulletin.

1
Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive
their regular straight-tim e salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at reg­
ular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly
hours.
2
The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of
all workers and dividing by the number of workers.
The median desig­
nates position— half of the workers receive the same or more and half re­
ceive the same or less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined
by two rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn the same or less than
the lower of these rates and a fourth earn the same or more than the
higher rate.
3
Earnings data relate only to workers whose sex identification was
provided by the establishment.
4
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends,
holidays, and late shifts.
5
Estim ates for periods ending prior to 1976 relate to men only for
skilled maintenance and unskilled plant workers. All other estimates re­
late to men and women.
6
Data do not meet publication criteria or data not available.
7
Form ally established minimum regular straight-time hiring sa l­
aries that are paid for standard workweeks.
8
Excludes workers in subclerical jobs such as m essenger.
9
Data are presented for all standard workweeks combined, and for
the most common standard workweeks reported.
10 Includes all production and related workers in establishments
currently operating late shifts, and establishments whose form al provisions
cover late shifts, even though the establishments were not currently
operating late shifts.
11 Less than 0.05 percent.
12 Less than 0.5 percent.
13 A ll combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount;
for exam ple, the proportion of workers receiving a total of 10 days
includes those with 10 full days and no half days, 9 full days and 2
half days, 8 full days and 4 half days, and so on. Proportions then
were cumulated.




33




Appendix A.
Scope and Method
of Survey
In each of the 75 1 areas currently surveyed, the Bureau obtains
wages and related benefits data from representative establishments within
six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communication,
and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance,
and real estate; and serv ices. Government operations and the construction
and extractive industries are excluded. Establishments having fewer than a
prescribed number of workers are also excluded because of insufficient
employment in the occupations studied. Appendix table 1 shows the number
of establishments and workers estimated to be within the scope of this
survey, as well as the number actually studied.
Bureau field representatives obtain data by personal visits at 3 -year
intervals. In each of the two intervening years, information on employment
and occupational earnings only is collected by a combination of personal
v isit, m ail questionnaire, and telephone interview from establishments
participating in the previous survey.

A sample of the establishments in the scope of the survey is
selected for study prior to each personal visit survey. This sample, less
establishments which go out of business or are no longer within the industrial
scope of the survey, is retained for the following two annual surveys. In
m ost ca ses, establishments new to the area are not considered in the scope
of the survey until the selection of a sample for a personal visit survey.
The sampling procedures involve detailed stratification of all
establishments within the scope of an individual area survey by industry
and number of em ployees.
F rom this stratified universe a probability
sample is selected, with each establishment having a predetermined chance
of selection.
To obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater
proportion of large than sm all establishments is selected. When data are
combined, each establishment is weighted according to its probability of
selection so that unbiased estimates are generated. For example, if one
out of four establishments is selected, it is given a weight of 4 to represent
itself plus three others. An alternate of the same original probability is
chosen in the same indu stry-size classification if data are not available
from the original sample m em ber. If no suitable substitute is available,
additional weight is assigned to a sample member that is sim ilar to the
m issing unit.
* Included in the 75 areas are 5 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas are
Akron, Ohio; Birmingham, A la .; Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, Va.—N .C .;
Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N .Y .; and Utica—Rome, N .Y . In addition, the Bureau conducts more
limited area studies in approximately 100 areas at the request of the Employment Standards Administration of
the U. S. Department of Labor.




Occupations and earnings
Occupations selected for study are common to a variety of manufac­
turing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the following types: ( 1 )
Office clerical; (2) professional and technical; (3) maintenance, toolroom,
and powerplant; and (4) material movement and custodial. Occupational
classification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to take
account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same job.
Occupations selected for study are listed and described in appendix B.
Unless otherwise indicated, the earnings data following the job titles
are for all industries combined. Earnings data for some of the occupations
listed and described, or for some industry divisions within the scope of the
survey, are not presented in the A -s e r ie s tables because either (1) employ­
ment in the occupation is too small to provide enough data to merit presen­
tation, or (2 ) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment
data. Separate men's and women's earnings data are not presented when the
number of workers not identified by sex is 20 percent or more of the men
or women identified in an occupation. Earnings data not shown separately
for industry divisions are included in data for all industries combined.
Likewise, for occupations with more than one level, data are included in
the overall classification when a subclassification is not shown or information
to subclassify is not available.
Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for full-tim e
workers, i .e ., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule. Earnings
data exclude premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays,
and late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living
allowances and incentive bonuses are included. Weekly hours for office
clerical and professional and technical occupations refer to the standard
workweek (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which employees receive
regular straight-tim e salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular
and/or premium rates). Average weekly earnings for these occupations
are rounded to the nearest half dollar. Vertical lines within the distribution
of workers on some A -tables indicate a change in the size of the class
intervals.
These surveys measure the level of occupational earnings in an area
at a particular tim e. Comparisons of individual occupational averages over
time may not reflect expected wage changes.
The averages for individual
jobs are affected by changes in wages and employment patterns. For example,
proportions of workers employed by high- or low-wage firm s may change,
or high-wage workers may advance to better jobs and be replaced by new
workers at lower rates. Such shifts in employment oould decrease an
occupational average even though m ost establishments in an area increase
wages during the year. Changes in earnings of occupational groups, shown in
table A - 7, are better indicators of wage trends than are earnings changes for
individual jobs within the groups.

Average earnings reflect composite, areawide estim ates. Industries
and establishments differ in pay level and job staffing, and thus contribute
differently to the estimates for each job. Pay averages may fail to reflect
accurately the wage differential among jobs in individual establishments.

Electronic data processing 2
Computer systems
analysts, classes
A , B , and C
Computer program m ers,
classes A , B , and C

Average pay levels for men and women in selected occupations
should not be assumed to reflect differences in pay of the sexes within
individual establishments. Factors which may contribute to differences
include progression within established rate ranges (only the rates paid
incumbents are collected) and performance of specific duties within the
general survey job descriptions. Job descriptions used to classify employees
in these surveys usually are m ore generalized than those used in individual
establishments and allow for minor differences among establishments in
specific duties performed.

Industrial nurses
Registered industrial
nurses
Skilled maintenance
Carpenters
Electricians

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all estab­
lishments within the scope of the study and not the number actually surveyed.
Because occupational structures among establishments differ, estimates of
occupational employment obtained from the sample of establishments studied
serve only to indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied. These
differences in occupational structure do not affect m aterially the accuracy of
the earnings data.

Percent changes for indivic
as follows:

Skilled maintenance—
Continued
Painters
Machinists
Mechanics (machinery)
Mechanics (motor vehicle)
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers
Unskilled plant
Janitors, porters, and
cleaners
M aterial handling laborers
areas in the program are computed

1. Average earnings are computed for each occupation for
the 2 years being compared. The averages are derived
from earnings in those establishments which are in the
survey both years; it is assumed that employment
remains unchanged.

Wage trends for selected occupational groups
2.

These weights are used to compute group averages.
Each occupation's average earnings (computed in step 1)
is multiplied by its weight.
The products are totaled
to obtain a group average.

4.

The percent changes relate to wage changes between the indicated
dates. When the time span between surveys is other than 12 months, annual
rates are shown.
(It is assumed that wages increase at a constant rate
between surveys.)

Each occupation is assigned a weight based on its
proportionate employment in the occupational group in
the base year.

3.

The percent increases presented in table A -7 are based on changes
in average hourly earnings of men and women in establishments reporting
the trend jobs in both the current and previous year (matched establishments).
The data are adjusted to remove the effect on average earnings of employ­
ment shifts among establishments and turnover of establishments included
in survey samples. The percent increases, however, are still affected by
factors other than wage increases. Hirings, layoffs, and turnover may
affect an establishment average for an occupation when workers are paid
under plans providing a range of wage rates for individual jobs. In periods
of increased hiring, for example, new employees may enter at the bottom
of the range, depressing the average without a change in wage rates.

The ratio of group averages for 2 consecutive years is
computed by dividing the average for the current year
by the average for the earlier year.
The result—
expressed as a percent— less 100 is the percent change.

For a more detailed description of the method used to compute
these wage trends, see "Improving A rea Wage Survey In d e x e s," Monthly
Labor Review, January 1973, pp. 5 2 -5 7 .
Establishment practices and supplementary wage-provisions
The incidence of selected establishment practices and supplementary
wage provisions is studied for full-tim e production and related workers and
office workers. Production and related workers (referred to hereafter as
production workers) include working supervisors and all non supervisory
workers (including group leaders and trainees) engaged in fabricating,
processing, assembling, inspection, receiving, storage, handling, pack­
ing, warehousing, shipping, maintenance, repair, janitorial and guard s e r ­
v ic e s, product development, auxiliary production for plant's ow n use
(e .g ., powerplant), and recordkeeping and other services closely a sso ci­
ated with the above production operations.
(Cafeteria and route workers

Occupations used to compute wage trends are:
Office clerical

Office clerical— Continued

Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Typists, classes
A and B
File clerks, classes A ,
B , and C
M essengers
Switchboard operators

Order clerks, classes
A and B
Accounting clerks,
classes A and B
Bookkeeping-machine
operators, class B
Payroll clerks
Key entry operators,
classes A and B




^ The earnings of computer operators are not included in the wage trend computation ior this group.
A revised job description is being introduced in this survey which is not equivalent to the previous description.

36

are excluded in manufacturing industries but included in nonmanufacturing
industries.) In finance and insurance, no workers are considered to be
production workers. Office workers include working supervisors and all nonsupervisory workers (including lead workers and trainees) performing
clerical or related office functions in such departments as accounting,
advertising, purchasing, collection, credit, finance, legal, payroll, personnel,
sa le s, industrial relations, public relations, executive, or transportation.
Administrative, executive, professional, and part-time employees as well
as construction workers utilized as separate work forces are excluded from
both the production and office worker categories.
Minimum entrance salaries (table B - l ) . Minimum entrance salaries
for office workers relate only to the establishments visited. Because of the
optimum sampling techniques used and the probability that large establish­
ments are m ore likely than sm all establishments to have formal entrance
rates above the subclerical lev el, the table is more representative of policies
in medium and large establishments.
(The " X 's " shown under standard
weekly hours indicate that no meaningful totals are applicable.)
Shift differentials— manufacturing (table B -2 ). Data were collected
on policies of manufacturing establishments regarding pay differentials for
production workers, on late shifts. Establishments considered as having
policies are those which ( 1 ) have provisions in writing covering the operation
of late shifts, or ( 2 ) have operated late shifts at any time during the 12
months preceding a survey. When establishments have several differentials
which vary by job, the differential applying to the majority of the production
workers is recorded. When establishments have differentials which apply
only to certain hours of work, the differential applying to the majority of
the shift hours is recorded.
For purposes of this study, a late shift is either a second (evening)
shift which ends at or near midnight or a third (night) shift which starts at
or near midnight.
Differentials for second and third shifts are summarized separately
for ( 1 ) establishment policies (an establishment's differentials are weighted
by all production workers in the establishment at the time of the survey)
and ( 2 ) effective practices (an establishment's differentials are weighted by
production workers employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey).
Scheduled weekly hours; paid holidays; paid vacations; and health,
insurance, and pension plans. Provisions which apply to a majority of the
production or office workers in an establishment are considered to apply to
all production or office workers in the establishment; a practice or provision
is considered nonexistent when it applies to less than a majority. Holidays;
vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans are considered applicable
to employees currently eligible for the benefits as well as to employees who
will eventually becom e eligible.
Scheduled weekly hours and days (table B -3 ) . Scheduled weekly
hours and days refer to the number of hours and days per week which full­
time first (day) shift workers are expected to work, whether paid for at
straight-tim e or overtime rates.
Paid holidays (table B -4 ) . Holidays are included if workers who
are not required to work are paid for the time off and those required to
work receive premium pay or compensatory time off. They are included
only if they are granted annually on a formal basis (provided for in




written form or established by custom). Holidays
in a particular year they fall on a nonworkday
granted another day off. Paid personal holiday
the automobile and related industries, are included

are included even though
and employees are not
plans, typically found in
as paid holidays.

Data are tabulated to show the percent of workers who (1) are
granted specific numbers of whole and half holidays and ( 2 ) are granted
specified amounts of total holiday time (whole and half holidays are
aggregated).
Paid vacations (table B -5 ) . Establishments report their method of
calculating vacation pay (time basis, percent of annual earnings, flat-sum
payment, etc.) and the amount of vacation pay granted. Only basic formal
plans are reported. Vacation bonuses, vacation-savings plans, and "extended"
or "sabbatical" benefits beyond basic plans are excluded.
For tabulating vacation pay granted, all provisions are expressed
on a time basis. Vacation pay calculated on other than a time basis is
converted to its equivalent time period. Two percent of annual earnings,
for example, is tabulated as 1 week's vacation pay.
A lso, provisions after each specified length of service are related
to all production or office workers in an establishment regardless of length of
service. Vacation plains commonly provide for a larger amount of vacation
pay as service lengthens. Counts of production or office workers by length
of service were not obtained. The tabulations of vacation pay granted
present, therefore, statistical measures of these provisions rather than
proportions of workers actually receiving specific benefits.
Health, insurance, and pension plans (tables B -6 and B -7 ). Health,
insurance, and pension plans include plans for which the employer pays
either all or part of the cost. The cost may be (1) underwritten by a
com m ercial insurance company or nonprofit organization, ( 2 ) covered by a
union fund to which the employer has contributed, or (3) borne directly by
the employer out of operating funds or a fund set aside to cover the cost.
A plan is included even though a majority of the employees in an establish­
ment do not choose to participate in it because they are required to bear
part of its cost (provided the choice to participate is available or will
eventually become available to a majority). Legally required plans such as
social security, railroad retirement, w orkers' disability compensation, and
temporary disability insurance 3 are excluded.
3
Temporary disability insurance which provides benefits to covered workers disabled by injury or illness
which is not work-connected is mandatory under State laws in California, New Jersey, New York, and Rhode
Island. Establishment plans which meet only Hie legal requirements are excluded from these data, but those
under which (1) employers contribute more than is legally required or (2) benefits exceed those specified in the
State law are included. In Rhode Island, benefits are paid out of a State fund to which only employees
contribute. In each of the other three States, benefits are paid either from a State fund or through a private plan.
State fund financing: In California, only employees contribute to die State fund; in New Jersey,
employees and employers contribute; in New York, employees contribute up to a specified maximum
and employers pay the difference between the employees' share and the total contribution required.
Private plan financing: In California and New Jersey, employees cannot be required to contribute
more than they would if they were covered by the State fund; in New York, employees can agree
to contribute more if the State rules that the additional contribution is commensurate with the
benefit provided.
Federal legislation (Railroad Unemployment insurance Act) provides temporary disability insurance benefits
to railroad workers for illness or injury, whether work-connected or not. The legislation requires that employers
bear the entire cost of the insurance.

Life insurance includes formal plans providing indemnity (usually
through an insurance policy) in case of death of the covered worker.
Information is also provided in table B -7 on types of life insurance plans
and the amount of coverage iij all industries combined and in manufacturing.
Accidental death and dismemberment insurance is limited to plans
which provide benefit payments in case of death or loss of limb or sight as a
direct result of an accident.

Labor-management agreement coverage
The following tabulation shows the percent of fu ll-tim e production
and office workers employed in establishments in the Baltimore area in
which a union contract or contracts covered a m ajority of the workers in
the respective categories, August 1978:
Production and
related workers

Sickness and accident insurance includes only those plans which
provide that predetermined cash payments be made directly to employees
who lose time from work because of illness or injury, e .g ., $ 50 a week
for up to 26 weeks of disability.
Sick leave plans are limited to formal plans 4 which provide for
continuing an em ployee's pay during absence from work because of illn ess.
Data collected distinguish between (1) plans which provide full pay with no
waiting period, and (2 ) plans which either provide partial pay or require a
waiting period.
Long-term disability insurance plans provide payments to totally
disabled employees upon the expiration of their paid sick leave and/or sick­
ness and accident insurance, or after a predetermined period of disability
(typically 6 months). Payments are made until the end of the disability, a
maximum age, or eligibility for retirement benefits. Full or partial pay­
ments are almost always reduced by social security, w orkers' disability
compensation, and private pension benefits payable to the disabled employee.
Hospitalization, surgical, and medical insurance plans reported
in these surveys provide full or partial payment for basic services rendered.
Hospitalization insurance covers hospital room and board and may cover
other hospital expenses. Surgical insurance covers surgeons' fees. Medical
insurance covers doctors' fees for home, office, or hospital calls. Plans
restricted to post-operative medical care or a doctor's care for minor
ailments at a w orker's place of employment are not considered to be
medical insurance.
Major medical insurance coverage applies to services which go
beyond the basic services covered under hospitalization, surgical, and
medical insurance. Major medical insurance typically (1) requires that a
"deductible" (e .g ., $ 5 0 ) be met before oenefits begin, (2 ) has a coinsurance
feature that requires the insured to pay a portion (e .g ., 20 percent) of
certain expenses, and (3) has a specified dollar maximum of benefits (e .g .,
$ 1 0 , 000 a year).
Dental insurance plans provide normal dental service benefits,
usually for fillin gs, extractions, and X -r a y s . Plans which provide benefits
only for oral surgery or repairing accident damage are not reported.

60
81
35
70

16
20
14
58

A ll industries_______________
Manufacturing___________
Nonmanufacturing_______
Public utilities_______

An establishment is considered to have a contract covering all
production or office workers if a majority of such workers is covered by a
labor-management agreement. Th erefore, all other production or office
workers are employed in establishments that either do not have labormanagement contracts in effect, or have contracts that apply to fewer than
half of their production or office w orkers.
Estim ates are not n ecessarily
representative of the extent to which all workers in the area may be
covered by the provisions of labor-managem ent agreem ents, because sm all
establishments are excluded and the industrial scope of the survey is limited.

Industrial composition in manufacturing
Over two-fifths of the workers within the scope of the survey in the
Baltimore area were employed in manufacturing firm s.
The following
presents the major industry groups and specific industries as a percent of
all manufacturing:
Industry groups

Retirement pension plans provide for regular payments to the
retiree for life. Included are deferred profit-sharing plans which provide
the option of purchasing a lifetime annuity.
4
An establishment is considered as having a formal plan if it specifies at least the minimum number
of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be written, but informal sick leave
allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.




Office workers

Prim ary metal industries____ 20
E lectric and electronic
equipment____________________ 12
Transportation equipment____ 11
Food and kindred products___9
Apparel and other textile
products_____________________
6
Printing and publishing__ _
6
Chemicals and allied
products_____________________
6
Machinery, except
electrica l____ __________
6
Paper and allied products____ 5
Fabricated metal products___
5

Specific industries
Blast furnace and basic
steel products___________
15
Communication equipment___ 8
Motor vehicles and
equipment___________ _____
5
Ship and boatbuilding
and repairing________
.
5

This information is based on estim ates of total employment derived
from universe materials compiled before actual survey. Proportions in
various industry divisions may differ ‘from proportions based on the results
of the survey as shown in appendix table 1 .

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Baltimore, Md.,1 August 1978
N um ber o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

In d u stry d iv is io n

2

em p lo ym e n t
in e s ta b lis h ­
m ents in s co p e
of study

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m en ts
W ithin s c o p e o f study

W ithin s c o p e
o f study 3

Studied
T o t a l4

Studied
N um ber

P ercen t

F u ll-t im e
p r o d u c tio n and
re la te d w o r k e r s

F u ll-t im e
o f fic e w o r k e r s

T o t a l4

ALL E STA B LISH M EN TS
ALL D I V I S I O N S ----------- -----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------------------------------TR A N S P O R TA TIO N , COM M UNICATIO N, AND
OTHER P U B LIC U T I L I T I E S 5 --------------------------------------------UHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------------------------------------------R E T A IL TRADE ----------------------------------------------------------------------F IN A N C E , IN SU R A N C E, AND REAL E S T A T E --------------S E R V IC E S 7 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1 .2 7 2

207

3 4 9 ,9 4 0

100

1 8 5 ,7 4 4

5 1 .7 8 0

1 8 7 ,2 5 3

50

383
8 89

66
1 39

1 4 9 ,2 3 7
2 0 0 .7 0 3

43
57

1 0 2 ,3 4 6
8 3 .3 9 8

1 4 .0 5 7
3 7 ,7 2 3

8 7 .7 6 2
9 9 .4 9 1

50
50
50
50
50

85
158
323
119
2 04

24
19
36
20
40

3 1 ,8 2 1
2 2 ,0 5 4
7 5 .6 2 7
3 0 .8 6 5
4 0 ,3 3 6

9
6
22
9
12

1 5 .0 7 0
<6 )
(6 )
C6 )
<6 )

7«87l

2 5 .7 1 3
5 .9 5 2
3 8 ,8 6 9
1 5 .2 5 5
1 3 .7 0 2

1 35

80

2 0 6 .3 4 3

100

1 0 0 .1 7 8

3 3 ,8 6 9

1 6 6 ,5 5 2

5 00
-

44
91

32
48

8 9 .8 1 4
1 1 6 .5 2 9

44
56

6 2 ,7 0 8
3 7 .4 7 0

8 .7 4 3
2 5 ,1 2 6

7 9 ,8 6 4
8 6 ,6 8 8

500
500
500
500
500

9
4
45
12
21

8
3
21
8
8

2 4 ,6 1 5
3 .8 3 7
4 9 ,8 0 0
1 7 .6 1 3
2 0 ,6 6 4

12
2
24
9
10

1 0 .2 7 8

7 *0 5 6

<6 )
<6 )

<6 )

2 4 .0 3 9
3 .2 4 1
3 6 .6 4 9
1 3 ,5 5 3
9 .2 0 6

-

C6 )

<6 >
( 6)
<6 >

LARGE E S TA B LIS H M E N TS
ALL D IV IS IO N S -----------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------------------------T R A N S P O R TA TIO N , CO M M UNICATIO N, AND
OTHER P U B LIC U T I L I T I E S 5 --------------------------------------------UHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------------------------------------------R E T A IL TRADE ----------------------------------------------------------------------F IN A N C E , IN SU R A N C E, AND REAL E S T A T E --------------S E R V IC E S 7 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

-

1 Th e B a lt im o r e S tand ard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as defin ed by the O ffic e o f M anagem ent
and B u dget th rou g h F e b r u a r y 1974, c o n s is t s o f the c ity o f B a ltim o r e , and the C ou nties o f Anne
A r u n d e l, B a lt im o r e , C a r r o l l , H a r fo r d , and H ow ard. T h e " w o r k e r s within s c o p e o f s tu d y" e s tim a te s
show n in th is ta b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a te d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s itio n o f the
la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in the s u r v e y .
E s tim a te s a re not intended, h o w e v e r , f o r c o m p a r is o n w ith
o th e r em p lo y m e n t in d ex es to m e a s u r e e m p loym en t tre n d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1) planning o f w age
s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s e s ta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in advance o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu died,
and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f the su rvey.
*
T h e 1972 e d ition o f the S tand ard In d u strial C la s s ific a tio n M anual w as used to c la s s ify
e s ta b lis h m e n ts b y in d u s try d iv is io n .
H o w e v e r, a ll g o vern m en t o p e ra tio n s are e x c lu d e d fr o m the
s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .




(6)
(6)

(6 )

<6 >

(6 )

3 In clu d es a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith total em p loym en t at o r a bove the m in im u m lim ita tion . A ll
o u tle ts (w ithin the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in in d u s trie s su ch as t r a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e ,
and m o tio n p ic tu r e t h e a te r s a re c o n s id e r e d as one es ta b lis h m e n t.
4 In clu d es e x e c u t iv e , p r o f e s s io n a l, p a r t -t im e , and o th e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d fr o m the sep a ra te
p r o d u c tio n and o f fic e c a t e g o r ie s .
5 A b b r e v ia te d to " p u b lic u t ilit ie s " in the A - and B - s e r i e s t a b le s .
T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s
in cid e n ta l to w a te r t r a n s p o r ta tio n a re e x c lu d e d .
6 S e p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n o f data is not m ade f o r th is d iv is io n .
7 H otels and m o t e ls ; la u n d rie s and o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u tom obile
r e p a ir , r e n ta l, and p a rk in g ; m o tio n p ic t u r e s ; n on p rofit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s (exclu d in g r e lig io u s
and c h a r ita b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); and e n g in e e r in g and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .

39

Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the
Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field staff in classifying into
appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of
payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to
establishment and from area to area. This permits the grouping of
occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because
of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability
of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may differ sig­
nificantly from those in use in individual establishments or those pre­
pared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the
Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working super­
v isors; apprentices; and part-tim e, tem porary, and probationary workers.
Handicapped workers whose earnings are reduced because of their
handicap are also excluded. Learners, beginners, and trainees, unless
specifically included in the job description, are excluded.

Office
SECRET ARY— Continued

SECRET ARY
Assigned as a personal secretary, normally to one individual.
Maintains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day activ­
ities of the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a minimum of
detailed supervision and guidance. P erform s varied clerical and secretarial
duties requiring a knowledge of office routine and understanding of the
organization, program s, and procedures related to the work of the supervisor.
Exclusions

a. Positions which do not meet the
described above;

"p erso n a l"

c. Stenographers serving as office assistants to a group of pro­
fessional, technical, or managerial persons;
Assistant-type positions which entail more difficult or more r e ­
sponsible technical, administrative, or supervisory duties which
are not typical" of secretarial work, e .g ., Administrative A s s is t­
ant, or Executive Assistant;

Listed below are several occupations for which revised descriptions or titles are being introduced
in this survey:
Guard
Shipper and receiver
(previously surveyed
as shipping and
receiving clerk)
Truckdriver

Order clerk
Payroll clerk
Secretary
Key entry operator
Transcribing-m achine typist
Computer operator

The Bureau has discontinued collecting data for tabulating-machine operator.
classified as watchmen are now classified as guards under the revised description.

40

secretary concept

b. Stenographers not fully trained in secretarial-type duties;

d.

Not all positions that are titled "s e c r e ta r y " possess the above
characteristics. Examples of positions which are excluded from the definition
are as follows:




Exclusions— Continued

Workers previously

SECRETARY— Continued

SECRET ARY— Continued

Exclusions— Continued

Classification by Level— Continued

e.

Positions which do not fit any of the situations listed in the
sections below titled ''Level of Su p ervisor," e .g ., secretary to the
president of a company that employs, in all, over 5 ,0 0 0 persons;

f.

Train ees.

e.

Classification by Level

LS—
4

Secretary jobs which meet the above characteristics are matched at
one of five levels according to (a) the level of the secretary's supervisor
within the company’ s organizational structure and, (b) the level of the
secretary's responsibility. The chart following the explanations of these two
factors indicates the level of the secretary for each combination of the
factors.

c. Secretary to the head, immediately below the corporate officer
level, of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that
employs, in all, over 2 5 ,0 0 0 persons.

Secretaries should be matched at one of the four LS levels described
below according to the level of the secretary's supervisor within the company
organizational structure.

NOTE: The term "corporate o fficer" used in the above LS def­
inition refers to those officials who have a significant corporatewide policy­
making role with regard to m ajor company activities. The title "vice
p resid en t," though normally indicative of this role, does not in all cases
identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility is to
act personally on individual cases or transactions (e.g., approve or deny
individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts; di­
rectly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
o fficers" for purposes of applying the definition.

a. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a sm all organizational
unit (e .g ., fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
em ployee, administrative officer or assistant, skilled technician
or expert.
(NOTE: M a n y companies assign stenographers,
rather than secretaries as described above, to this level of
supervisory or nonsupervisory worker.)

LS—
2

a. Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­
sibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in
the definition for LS—
3, but whose organizational unit normally
numbers at least several dozen employees and is usually divided
into organizational segments which are often, in turn, further
subdivided. In some companies, this level includes a wide range
of organizational echelons; in others, only one or two; or
b. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc., (or
other equivalent level of official) that em ploys, in all, fewer
than 5 ,0 0 0 persons.

LS—
3

Level of Secretary's Responsibility (LR)
This factor evaluates the nature of the work relationship between
the secretary and the supervisor, and the extent to which the secretary is
expected to exercise initiative and judgment. Secretaries should be matched
at LR—1 or LR— described below according to their level of responsibility.
2
Level of Responsibility 1 (LR—1)
Perform s varied secretarial duties including or comparable to most
of the following:

a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company
that em ploys, in a ll, fewer than 100 persons; or

a.

b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100
but fewer than 5, 000 persons; or

Answers telephones, greets
coming m ail.

personal

ca llers, and

opens in­

b. Answers telephone requests which have standard answers.
reply to requests by sending a form letter.

c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level) over
either a m ajor corporatewide functional activity (e .g ., marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, etc.) or a major
geographic or organizational segment (e.g., a regional headquar­
te r s ; a m ajor division) of a company that em ploys, in all,
over 5 ,0 0 0 but fewer than 25,000 employees; or

May

c.

Reviews correspondence, memoranda, and reports prepared by
others for the supervisor's signature to ensure procedural and
typographical accuracy.

d.

d. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.,
(or other equivalent level of official) that em ploys, in all,
over 5 ,0 0 0 persons; or




a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company
that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other them the chairman of
the board or president) of a company that employs, in all,
over 5, 000 but fewer than 25, 000 persons; or

Lievel of Secretary's Supervisor (LS)

LS—1

Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational
segment (e .g ., a middle management supervisor of am organi­
zational segment often involving as many as several hundred
persons) of a company that em ploys, in all, over 25,000 persons.

Maintains supervisor's
instructed.

calendar

and

makes

e. Types, takes and transcribes dictation, and files.

41

appointments

as

SECRET ARY— Continued

STENOGRAPHER— Continued

Level of Responsibility 2 (LR—
2)

Stenographer, Senior

Perform s duties described under LR—1 and, in addition performs
tasks requiring greater judgment, initiative, and knowledge of office functions
including or comparable to m ost of the following:

Dictation involves a varied technical or specialized vocabulary
such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific research. May also set up
and maintain file s , keep records, etc.

a. Screens telephone and personal ca llers, determining which can
be handled by the supervisor's subordinates or other offices.
b.

Answers requests which require a detailed knowledge of o f­
fice procedures or collection of information from files or
other offices. May sign routine correspondence in own or
supervisor's name.

c.

Compiles or assists in compiling periodic reports on the basis
of general instructions.

d. Schedules tentative appointments without prior clearance. A s ­
sem bles necessary background m aterial for scheduled meetings.
Makes arrangements for meetings and conferences.
e.

Explains supervisor's requirements to other employees in super­
v iso r 's unit. (Also types, takes dictation, and files.)

The following tabulation shows the level of the secretary for each
LS and LR combination:

Level of secretary's
_____ supervisor_____

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater in­
dependence and responsibility than stenographer, general, as evidenced by
the following: Work requires a high degree of stenographic speed and
accuracy; a thorough working knowledge of general business and office pro­
cedure; and of the specific business operations, organization, policies,
procedures, files, workflow, etc. U ses this knowledge in performing steno­
graphic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as maintaining follow­
up files; assembling material for reports, memoranda, and letters; com ­
posing simple letters from general instructions; reading and routing incoming
m ail; and answering routine questions, etc.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE TYPIST
Primary duty is to type copy of voice recorded dictation which does
not involve varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as that used in
legal briefs or reports on scientific research. May also type from written
copy. May maintain file s , keep simple records, or perform other relatively
routine clerical tasks.
(See Stenographer definition for workers involved
with shorthand dictation.)

Level of secretary's responsibility
TYPIST
LR—1

LS—1_.
LS—2 _.
LS—
3^
LS—
4_.

OR

Class
Class
C lass
Class

E
D
C
B

LR—
2
Class
Class
Class
Class

D
C
B
A

STENOGRAPHER
P rim ary duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to transcribe
the dictation. May also type from written copy. May operate from a
stenographic pool. May occasionally transcribe from voice recordings (if
primary duty is transcribing from recordings, see Transcribing-M achine
Typist).
NOTE: This job is distinguished from that of a secretary in that a
secretary norm ally works in a confidential relationship with only one manager
or executive and perform s m ore responsible and discretionary tasks as
described in the secretary job definition.

Uses a typewriter to make copies of various m aterials or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May include
typing of stencils, m ats, or sim ilar m aterials for use in duplicating
p ro cesses. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and
distributing incoming mail.
Class A . Perform s one or m ore of the following: Typing material
in final form when it involves combining m aterial from several sources; or
responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctuation, etc., of tech­
nical or unusual words or foreign language m aterial; or planning layout
and typing of complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity and
balance in spacing. May type routine form letters, varying details to suit
ci rcumstances.
Class B . Perform s one or m ore of the following: Copy typing from
rough or clear drafts; or routine typing of fo rm s, insurance p olicies, etc.;
or setting up simple standard tabulations; or copying more complex tables
already set up and spaced properly.
FILE CLERK

Stenographer, General
Dictation involves a norm al routine vocabulary. May maintain files,
keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine clerical tasks.




F iles, cla ssifies, and retrieves m aterial in an established filing
system . May perform clerical and manual tasks required to maintain files.
Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.

FILE CLERK— Continued

ORDER CLERK— Continued

Class A . C lassifies and indexes file material such as correspond­
ence, reports, technical documents, etc., in an established filing system
containing a number of varied subject matter files. May also file this
m aterial. May keep records of various types in conjunction with the files.
May lead a sm all group of lower level file clerks.

adequacy of information recorded; ascertaining credit rating of customer;
furnishing customer with acknowledgement of receipt of order; following-up
to see that order is delivered by the specified date or to let customer know
of a delay in delivery; maintaining order file; checking shipping invoice
against original order.

Class B . Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer subheadings.
Prepares simple related index and cross-referen ce aids. As requested,
locates clearly identified m aterial in files and forwards m aterial. May per­
form related clerical tasks required to maintain and service files.

Exclude workers paid on a commission basis or whose duties include
any of the following: Receiving orders for services rather than for material
or merchandise; providing customers with consultative advice using knowl­
edge gained from engineering or extensive technical training; emphasizing
selling skills; handling material or merchandise as an integral part of the job.

C lass C . P erform s routine filing of material that has already been
classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classification
system (e .g ., alphabetical, chronological, or numerical). As requested,
locates readily available m aterial in files and forwards m aterial; and may
fill out withdrawal charge. May perform simple clerical and manual tasks
required to maintain and service files.

Positions
definitions:

MESSENGER
P erform s various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or m ailers, opening and distributing
m a il, and other minor clerical work. Exclude positions that require operation
of a motor vehicle as a significant duty.

are

classified

into

levels

according to

the following

Class A . Handles orders that involve making judgments such as
choosing which specific product or m aterial from the establishment's product
lines will satisfy the custom er's needs, or determining the price to be quoted
when pricing involves more than m erely referring to a price list or making
some simple mathematical calculations.
Class B . Handles orders involving items which have readily iden­
tified uses and applications. May refer to a catalog, manufacturer's manual,
or sim ilar document to insure that proper item is supplied or to verify
price of ordered item.
ACCOUNTING CLERK

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a telephone switchboard or console used with a private
branch exchange (PBX) system to relay incoming, outgoing, and intrasystem
ca lls.
May provide information to callers, record and transmit m essag es,
keep record of calls placed and toll charges. Besides operating a telephone
switchboard or console, may also type or perform routine clerical work
(typing or routine clerical work may occupy the major portion of the w orker's
tim e, and is usually perform ed while at the switchboard or console). Chief or
lead operators in establishments employing more than one operator are
excluded. For an operator who also acts as a receptionist, see Switchboard
Ope r ato r - Re cept ioni s t.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
At a single-position telephone switchboard or console, acts both as
an operator— see Switchboard Operator— and as a receptionist. Receptionist's
work involves such duties as greeting visitors; determining nature of visitor's
business and providing appropriate information; referring visitor to appro­
priate person in the organization or contacting that person by telephone and
arranging an appointment; keeping a log of visitors.
ORDER CLERK
Receives written or verbal custom ers' purchase orders for m aterial
or merchandise from custom ers or sales people. Work typically involves
some combination of the following duties: Quoting prices; determining availa­
bility of ordered item s and suggesting substitutes when necessary; advising
expected delivery date and method of delivery; recording order and customer
information on order sheets; checking order sheets for accuracy and




Perform s one or more accounting clerical tasks such as posting to
registers and ledgers; reconciling bank accounts; verifying the internal con­
sistency, completeness, and mathematical accuracy of accounting documents;
assigning prescribed accounting distribution codes; examining and verifying
for clerical accuracy various types of reports, lists, calculations, posting,
etc.; or preparing simple or assisting in preparing more complicated journal
vouchers. May work in either a manual or automated accounting system.
The work requires a knowledge of clerical methods and office
practices and procedures which relates to the clerical processing and re­
cording of transactions and accounting information. With experience, the
worker typically becomes familiar with the bookkeeping and accounting terms
and procedures used in the assigned work, but is not required to have a
knowledge of the formal principles of bookkeeping and accounting.
Positions
definitions:

are

classified into levels

on the basis of the following

Class A . Under general supervision, performs accounting clerical
operations which require the application of experience and judgment, for
example, clerically processing complicated or nonrepetitive accounting trans­
actions, selecting among a substantial variety of prescribed accounting codes
and classifications, or tracing transactions through previous accounting
actions to determine source of discrepancies. May be assisted by one or
m ore class B accounting clerks.
Class B . Under close supervision, following detailed instructions
and standardized procedures, perform s one or more routine accounting
clerical operations, such as posting to ledgers, cards, or worksheets

ACCOUNTING CLERK— Continued

PAYROLL CLERK— Continued

where identification of items and locations of postings are clearly indicated;
checking accuracy and completeness of standardized and repetitive records
or accounting documents; and coding documents using a few prescribed
accounting codes.

listings against source records; tracing and correcting errors in listings;
and assisting in preparation of periodic summary payroll reports. In a nonautomated payroll system , computes wages. Work may require a practical
knowledge of governmental regulations, company payroll policy, or the
computer system for processing payrolls.

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (with or without a typewriter key­
board) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the structure
of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper records and
distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each phase of the work.
May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B . Keeps a record of oiie or more phases or sections of a
set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic bookkeeping. Phases
or sections include accounts payable, payroll, custom ers' accounts (not in­
cluding a simple type of billing described under machine biller), cost dis­
tribution, expense distribution, inventory control, etc. May check or assist
in preparation of trial balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting
department.
MACHINE BILLER
Prepares statements, b ills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to billings
or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental to billing
operations. For wage study purposes, machine billers are classified by type
of machine, as follows:
Billing-machine b ille r. Uses a special billing machine (combination
typing and adding machine) to prepare bills and invoices from cu stom ers’
purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping memoranda, etc.
Usually involves application of predetermined discounts and shipping charges
and entry of necessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on
the billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by
machine. The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

KEY ENTRY OPERATOR
Operates keyboard-controlled data entry device such as keypunch
machine or key-operated magnetic tape or disk encoder to transcribe
data into a form suitable for computer processing. Work requires skill in
operating an alphanumeric keyboard and an understanding of transcribing
procedures and relevant data entry equipment.
Positions
definitions:

are classified into levels on the basis of the following

Class A . Work requires the application of experience and judgment
in selecting procedures to be followed and in searching for, interpreting,
selecting, or coding items to be entered from a variety of source documents.
On occasion may also perform routine work as described for class B.
NOTE: Excluded are operators above class A using the key entry
controls to access, read, and evaluate the substance of specific records to
take substantive actions, or to make entries requiring a sim ilar level of
knowledge.
Class B . Work is routine and repetitive. Under close supervision
or following specific procedures or detailed instructions, works from
various standardized source documents which have been coded and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be entered. Refers
to supervisor problems arising from erroneous item s, codes, or m issing
info rmation.

Professional and Technical
COMPUTER SYSTEMS' ANALYST, BUSINESS

Bookkeeping-machine b iller. Uses a bookkeeping machine (with or
without a typewriter keyboard) to prepare custom ers' bills as part of the
accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the simultaneous entry of
figures on custom ers' ledger record. The machine automatically accumulates
figures on a number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints
automatically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge
of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.
PAYROLL CLERK
Perform s the clerical tasks necessary to process payrolls and to
maintain payroll records. Work involves most of the following: Processing
workers' time or production records; adjusting workers' records for changes
in wage rates, supplementary benefits, or tax deductions; editing payroll




Analyzes business problems to formulate procedures for solving
them by use of electronic data processing equipment. Develops a complete
description of all specifications needed to enable program m ers to prepare
required digital computer program s. Work involves most of the following:
Analyzes subject-matter operations to be automated and identifies conditions
and criteria required to achieve satisfactory results; specifies number and
types of records, files, and documents to be used; outlines actions to be
performed by personnel and computers in sufficient detail for presentation
to management and for programming (typically this involves preparation of
work and data flow charts); coordinates the development of test problems and
participates in trial runs of new and revised system s; and recommends
equipment changes to obtain more effective overall operations.
(NOTE:
Workers performing both systems analysis and programming should be
classified as systems analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.)

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS— Continued

COMPUTER PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS— Continued

Does not include employees primarily responsible for the man­
agement or supervision of other electronic data processing em ployees,
or systems analysts prim arily concerned with scientific or engineering
problem s.

language, cause the manipulation of data to achieve desired results. Work
involves most of the following: Applies knowledge of computer capa­
bilities, mathematics, logic employed by computers, and particular sub­
ject matter involved to analyze charts and diagrams of the problem to
be programmed; develops sequence of program steps; writes detailed flow
charts to show order in which data will be processed; converts these
charts to coded instructions for machine to follow; tests and corrects
program s; prepares instructions for operating personnel during production
run; analyzes, reviews, and alters programs to increase operating effi­
ciency or adapt to new requirements; maintains records of program de­
velopment and revisions. (NOTE: Workers performing both systems anal­
ysis and programming should be classified as systems analysts if this is
the skill used to determine their pay.)

For wage study purposes, systems analysts are classified as follows:
Class A . Works independently or under only general direction on
complex problems involving all phases of systems analysis. Problems are
complex because of diverse sources of input data and multiple-use require­
ments of output data.
(For example, develops an integrated production
scheduling, inventory control, cost analysis, and sales analysis record in
which every item of each type is automatically processed through the full
system of records and appropriate followup actions are initiated by the
computer.) Confers with persons concerned to determine the data processing
problems and advises subject-m atter personnel on the implications of new or
revised system s of data processing operations. Makes recommendations, if
needed, for approval of m ajor systems installations or changes and for
obtaining equipment.

Does not include employees prim arily responsible for the man­
agement or supervision of other electronic data processing employees,
or programm ers prim arily concerned with scientific and/or engineering
problem s.
For wage study purposes, programm ers are classified as follows:

May provide functional direction to lower level system s analysts
who are assigned to assist.
Class B . Works independently or under only general direction on
problems that are relatively uncomplicated to analyze, plan, program, and
operate. Problem s are of limited complexity because sources of input data
are homogeneous and the output data are closely related.
(For example,
develops system s for maintaining depositor accounts in a bank, maintaining
accounts receivable in a retail establishment, or maintaining inventory
accounts in a manufacturing or wholesale establishment.) Confers with
persons concerned to determine the data processing problems and advises
subject-m atter personnel on the implications of the data processing systems
to be applied.
OR
Works on a segment of a complex data processing scheme or
system , as described for class A. Works independently on routine assign­
ments and receives instruction and guidance on complex assignments. Work
is reviewed for accuracy of judgment, compliance with instructions, and to
insure proper alignment with the overall system.

Class A . Works independently or under only general direction
on complex problems which require competence in all phases of pro­
gramming concepts and practices. Working from diagrams and charts
which identify the nature of desired results, major processing steps to
be accomplished, and the relationships between various steps of the prob­
lem solving routine; plans the full range of programming actions needed
to efficiently utilize the computer system in achieving desired end products.
At this level, programming is difficult because computer equip­
ment must be organized to produce several interrelated but diverse prod­
ucts from numerous and diverse data elements. A wide variety and ex­
tensive number of internal processing actions must occur. This requires
such actions as development of common operations which can be re­
used, establishment of linkage points between operations, adjustments to
data when program requirements exceed computer storage capacity, and
substantial manipulation and resequencing of data elements to form a
highly integrated program.
May provide functional direction to lower level programmers who
are assigned to assist.

COMPUTER PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS

Class B . Works independently or under only general direction on
relatively simple program s, or on simple segments of complex programs.
Program s (or segments) usually process information to produce data in two
or three varied sequences or formats. Reports and listings are produced by
refining, adapting, arraying, or making minor additions to or deletions from
input data which are readily available. While numerous records may be
processed, the data have been refined in prior actions so that the accuracy
and sequencing of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. Typically,
the program deals with routine recordkeeping operations.

Converts statements of business problems, typically prepared by a
system s analyst, into a sequence of detailed instructions which are re­
quired to solve the problems by automatic data processing equipment.
Working from charts or diagram s, the programmer develops the pre­
cise instructions which, when entered into the computer system in coded

Works on complex programs (as described for class A) under
close direction of a higher level program m er or supervisor. May assist
higher level program m er by independently performing less difficult tasks
assigned, and performing more difficult tasks under fairly close direction.

Class C. Works under immediate supervision, carrying out analyses
as assigned, usually of a single activity. Assignments are designed to
develop and expand practical experience in the application of procedures and
skills required for system s analysis work. For example, may assist a higher
level system s analyst by preparing the detailed specifications required by
program m ers from information developed by the higher level analyst.




OR

COMPUTER PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS— Continued

COMPUTER OPERATOR— Continued

May guide or instruct lower level program m ers.

Class B . In addition to established production runs, work assign­
ments include runs involving new p rogram s, applications, and procedures
(i.e ., situations which require the operator to adapt to a variety of problem s).
At this level, the operator has the training and experience to work fairly
independently in carrying out most assignm ents. Assignments may require
the operator to select from a variety of standard setup and operating
procedures. In responding to computer output instructions or error con­
ditions, applies standard operating or corrective procedures, but may
deviate from standard procedures when standard procedures fail if deviation
does not materially alter the computer unit's production plans. Refers the
problem or aborts the program when procedures applied do not provide a
solution. May guide lower level operators.

Class C . Makes practical applications of programming practices
and concepts usually learned in formal training courses. Assignments
are designed to develop competence in the application of standard pro­
cedures to routine problem s.
Receives close supervision on new aspects
of assignments; and work is reviewed to verify its accuracy and conformance
with required procedures.
COMPUTER OPERATOR
In accordance with operating instructions, monitors and operates
the control console of a digital computer to process data. Executes runs by
either serial processing (processes one program at a tim e) or m ulti­
processing (processes two or more programs simultaneously). The following
duties characterize the work of a computer operator:
- Studies
needed.

operating

- Loads equipment
paper, etc.).

instructions
w ith

to

required

determine
items

equipment

(tapes,

cards,

Class C . Work assignments are lim ited to established production
runs (i.e ., programs which present few operating problem s). Assignments
may consist prim arily of on-the-job training (sometimes augmented by
classroom instruction). When learning to run program s, the supervisor or a
higher level operator provides detailed written or oral guidance to the
operator before and during the run. After the operator has gained experience
with a program, however, the operator works fairly independently in
applying standard operating or corrective procedures in responding to
computer output instructions or error conditions, but refers problems to a
higher level operator or the supervisor when standard procedures fail.

setup
disks,

- Switches necessary auxilliary equipment into system .
- Starts and operates computer.

PERIPHERAL EQUIPMENT OPERATOR

- Responds to operating and computer output instructions.
- Reviews error m essages and makes corrections during operation
or refers problems.

Operates peripheral equipment w h i c h directly supports digital
computer operations. Such equipment is uniquely and specifically designed
for computer applications, but need not be physically or electronically
connected to a computer. P rin ters, plotters, card read/punches, tape
readers, tape units or drives, disk units or drives, and data display units
are examples of such equipment.

- Maintains operating record.
May test-run new or modified program s. May a ssist in modifying
system s or program s. The scope of this definition includes trainees working
to become fully qualified computer operators, fully qualified computer
operators, and lead operators providing technical assistance to lower level
operators. It excludes workers who monitor and operate remote term inals.

The following duties characterize the work of a peripheral equipment
operator:

Class A . In addition to work assignments described for a class B
operator (see below) the work of a class A operator involves at least one
of the following:

- Loading printers and plotters with correct paper; adjusting
controls for form s, thickness, tension, printing density, and
location; and unloading hard copy.

- Deviates from standard procedures to avoid the loss of infor­
mation or to conserve computer time even though the procedures
applied m aterially alter the computer unit's production plans.

- Labelling tape reels, disks, or card decks.

- T ests new program s, applications, and procedures.

- Setting controls which regulate operation of the equipment.

- Advises program m ers
techniques.

and

subject-m atter

experts

- Checking labels and mounting and dismounting
reels or disks on specified units or drives.

on s e t u p

- Observing panel lights for warnings
taking appropriate action.

- A ssists in (1) maintaining, modifying, and developing operating
system s or program s; (2 ) developing operating instructions and
techniques to cover problem situations; and/or (3) switching to
emergency backup procedures (such assistance requires a working
knowledge of program language, computer features, and software
sy ste m s).
An operator at this level typically guides




lower

and error

designated tape

indications and

- Examining tapes, cards, or other m aterial for crea ses, tears,
or other defects which could cause processing problem s.
This classification excludes workers (1) who monitor and operate a
control console (see computer operator) or a remote term inal, or ( 2 ) whose
duties are limited to operating decollaters, bu rsters, separators, or sim ilar
equipment.

level operators.

46

COMPUTER DATA LIBRARIAN

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN

Maintains library of media (tapes, disks, cards, cassettes) used
for automatic data processing applications. The following or sim ilar duties
characterize the work of a computer data librarian: Classifying, cataloging,
and storing media in accordance with a standardized system; upon proper
requests, releasing media for processing; maintaining records of releases
and returns; inspecting returned media for damage or excessive wear to
determine whether or not they need replacing. May perform minor repairs
to damaged tapes.

Works on various types of electronic equipment and related devices
by performing one or a combination of the following: Installing, maintaining,
repairing, overhauling, troubleshooting, modifying, constructing, and testing.
Work requires practical application of technical knowledge of electronics
principles, ability to determine malfunctions, and skill to put equipment in
required operating condition.

DRAFTER
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established drafting
precedents. Works in close support with the design originator, and may
recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of each change on the
details of form , function, and positional relationships of components and
parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory assistance. Completed work
is reviewed by design originator for consistency with prior engineering
determinations. May either prepare drawings or direct their preparation by
lower level drafters.
Class B . P erform s nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing techniques
regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as:
Prepares working
drawings of subassem blies with irregular shapes, multiple functions, and
precise positional relationships between components; prepares architectural
drawings for construction of a building including detail drawings of founda­
tions, wall sections, floor plans, and roof. Uses accepted formulas and
manuals in making necessary computations to determine quantities of
m aterials to be used, load capacities, strengths, stresses, etc. Receives
initial instructions, requirem ents, and advice from supervisor. Completed
work is checked for technical adequacy.
Class C . Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types of
drawings prepared include isom etric projections (depicting three dimensions
in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning of components
and convey needed information.
Consolidates details from a number of
sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required. Suggested methods of
approach, applicable precedents, and advice on source m aterials are given
with initial assignments. Instructions are less complete when assignments
recur. Work may be spot-checked during progress.

D R A FT E R -TR A C E R
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil.
(Does not
include tracing lim ited to plans prim arily consisting of straight lines and a
large scale not requiring close delineation.)

The equipment— consisting of either many different kinds of circuits
or multiple repetition of the same kind of circuit— includes, but is not limited
to, the following: (a) Electronic transmitting and receiving equipment (e.g .,
radar, radio, television, telephone, sonar, navigational aids), (b) digital and
analog computers, and (c) industrial and medical measuring and controlling
equipment.
This classification excludes repairers of such standard electronic
equipment as common office machines and household radio and television
sets; production assem blers and testers; workers whose primary duty is
servicing electronic test instruments; technicians who have administrative
or supervisory responsibility; and drafters, designers, and professional
engineers.
Positions
definitions:

are classified into levels on the basis of the following

Class A . Applies advanced technical knowledge to solve unusually
complex problems (i.e ., those that typically cannot be solved solely by
reference to manufacturers' manuals or sim ilar documents) in working on
electronic equipment. Examples of such problems include location and
density of circuitry, electromagnetic radiation, isolating malfunctions, and
frequent engineering changes. Work involves: A detailed understanding of
the interrelationships of circuits; exercising independent judgment in per­
forming such tasks as making circuit analyses, calculating wave form s,
tracing relationships in signal flow; and regularly using complex test in­
struments (e .g ., dual trace oscilloscopes, Q -m e te rs, deviation m eters,
pulse generators).
Work may be reviewed by supervisor (frequently an engineer or
designer) for general compliance with accepted practices. May provide
technical guidance to lower level technicians.
Class B . Applies comprehensive technical knowledge to solve com­
plex problems (i.e ., those that typically can be solved solely by properly
interpreting manufacturers' manuals or sim ilar documents) in working on
electronic equipment. Work involves: A familiarity with the interrelation­
ships of circuits; and judgment in determining work sequence and in selecting
tools and testing instruments, usually less complex than those used by the
class A technician.
Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher
level technician, and work is reviewed for specific compliance with accepted
practices and work assignments. May provide technical guidance to lower
level technicians.

AND/OR
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized item s.
Work is closely supervised during progress.




Class C. Applies working technical knowledge to perform simple or
routine tasks in working on electronic equipment, following detailed in­
structions which cover virtually all procedures. Work typically involves such

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN— Continued

MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIAN— Continued

tasks as: A ssisting higher level technicians by performing such activities as
replacing components, wiring circuits, and taking test readings; repairing
simple electronic equipment; and using tools and common test instruments
(e .g ., m ultim eters, audio signal generators, tube teste rs, oscilloscopes). Is
not required to be fam iliar with the interrelationships of circuits. This
knowledge, however, may be acquired through assignments designed to in­
crease competence (including classroom training) so that worker can advance
to higher level technician.

equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirements of
wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of electrician’ s handtools
and measuring and testing instruments. In general, the work of the main­
tenance electrician requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
MAINTENANCE PAINTER
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an estab­
lishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculiarities
and types of paint required for different applications; preparing surface for
painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in nail holes
and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May m ix colors,
o ils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or con­
sistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher
level technician. Work is typically spot checked, but is given detailed
review when new or advanced assignments are involved.
REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSE
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the prem ises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or
injured; attending to subsequent dressing of em ployees' injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or
other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations of
applicants and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs involving
health education, afccident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or
other activities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of all personnel.
Nursing supervisors or head nurses in establishments employing more than
one nurse are excluded.

MAINTENANCE MACHINIST
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work in­
volves m ost of the following: Interpreting written instructions and specifica­
tions; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of m achinist's handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating standard
machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making standard
shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds, and speeds
of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the common m etals;
selecting standard m aterials, parts, and equipment required for this work;
and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the
m achinist's work normally requires a rounded training in machine-shop
practice usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant
MAINTENANCE CARPENTER

MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (MACHINERY)

P erform s the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs, counters,
benches, partitions, doors, flo ors, stairs, casings, and trim made of wood
in an establishment. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning and
laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, m odels, or verbal instructions;
using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools, and standard
measuring instruments; making standard shop computations relating to di­
mensions of work; and selecting m aterials necessary for the work. In gen­
eral, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools in
scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending the machine to a machine shop for m ajor repairs;
preparing written specifications for m ajor repairs or for the production of
parts ordered from machine shops; reassembling machines; and making all
necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of a machinery
maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose prim ary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.

MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIAN
P erform s a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, distri­
bution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work involves
most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of electrical
equipment such as generators, tran sform ers, switchboards, controllers,
circuit breakers, m otors, heating units, conduit sy stem s, or other tran s­
m ission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or other
specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical system or




MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (MOTOR VEHICLE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, m otortrucks, and tractors of an estab­
lishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassem bling equipment and p er­
forming repairs that involve the use of such handtools as'w ren ch es, gauges,

48

MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (MOTOR VEHICLE)— Continued

MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPER

d rills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; r e ­
assembling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle and making
necessary adjustments; and aligning wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or
tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the motor vehicle maintenance
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades, by
performing specific or general duties of le sse r skill, such as keeping a
worker supplied with m aterials and tools; cleaning working area, machine,
and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools; and
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding materials
and tools, and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted to
perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are also
performed by workers on a full-tim e basis.

This classification d o e s not i n c l u d e
custom ers' vehicles in automobile repair shops.

mechanics

who

repair

MAINTENANCE PIP E FITTER

M ACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR (TOOLROOM)

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Laying
out work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings or other
written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct lengths with
chisel and ham m er or oxy acetylene torch or pipe-cutting machines; threading
pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven
machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers;
making standard shop computations relating to pressu res, flow, and size of
pipe required; and making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes
meet specifications. In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. W orkers prim arily
engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or heating systems
are excluded.

Specializes in operating one or more than one type of machine
tool (e .g ., jig borer, grinding machine, engine lathe, milling machine) to
machine metal for use in making or maintaining jig s, fixtures, cutting tools,
gauges, or metal dies or molds used in shaping or forming metal or
nonmetallic m aterial (e .g ., plastic, plaster, rubber, glass). Work typically
involves: Planning and performing difficult machining operations which
require complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; setting up machine
tool or tools (e .g ., install cutting tools and adjust guides, stops, working
tables, and other controls to handle the size of stock to be machined;
determine proper feeds, speeds, tooling, and operation sequence or select
those prescribed in drawings, blueprints, or layouts); using a variety of
precision measuring instruments; making necessary adjustments during
machining operation to achieve requisite dimensions to very close tolerances.
May be required to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils,
to recognize when tools need dressing, and to dress tools. In general, the
work of a machine-tool operator (toolroom) at the skill level called for in
this classification requires extensive knowledge of machine-shop and tool­
room practice usually acquired through considerable on-the-job training and
expe rience.

MAINTENANCE S H E E T -M E T A L WORKER
F abricates, in sta lls, and maintains in good repair the sheet-m etal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lock ers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establishment.
Work involves m ost of the following: Planning and laying out all types of
sh eet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, m odels, or other specifica­
tions; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-m etal working
m achines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping,
fitting, and assem bling; and installing sheet-m etal articles as required. In
general, the work of the maintenance sheet-m etal worker requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout are
required. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning and laying out work;
interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a variety of handtools
and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to str e sse s, strength
of m aterials, and centers of gravity; aligning and balancing equipment;
selecting standard too ls, equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and
maintaining in good order power transm ission equipment such as drives and
speed reducers. In general, the millwright's work normally requires a
rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




F or cross-industry wage study purposes, this classification does not
include machine-tool operators (toolroom) employed in tool and die jobbing
shops.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
Constructs and repairs jig s, fixtures, cutting tools, gauges, or
metal dies or molds used in shaping or forming metal or nonmetallic
material (e .g ., plastic, plaster, rubber, glass). Work typically involves:
Planning and laying out work according to m odels, blueprints, drawings, or
other written or oral specifications; understanding the working properties of
common metals and alloys; selecting appropriate m aterials, tools, and
processes required to complete task; making necessary shop computations;
setting up and operating various machine tools and related equipment; using
various tool and die m aker’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments;
working to very close tolerances; heat-treating metal parts and finished tools
and dies to achieve required qualities; fitting and assembling parts to pre­
scribed tolerances and allowances. In general, the tool and die maker's
work requires rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, this classification does not
include tool and die makers who ( 1 ) are employed in tool and die jobbing
shops or ( 2 ) produce forging dies (die sinkers).

STATIONARY ENGINEER

SHIPPER AND RECEIVER— Continued

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or a irconditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment such as
steam engines, air com p ressors, generators, m otors, turbines, ventilating
and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed water pumps;
making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation of machinery,
temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise these operations.
Head or chief engineers in establishments employing m ore than one engineer
are excluded.

Receivers typically are responsible for most of the following:
Verifying the correctness of incoming shipments by comparing items and
quantities unloaded against bills of lading, invoices, m anifests, storage
receipts, or other records; checking for damaged goods; insuring that
goods are appropriately identified for routing to departments within the
establishment; preparing and keeping records of goods received.

BOILER TENDER •
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which em ­
ployed with ' heat, power, or steam . Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water and
safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boiler room equipment.

Material Movement and Custodial
TRUCKDRIVER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport
m aterials, merchandise, equipment, or workers between various types of
establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishm ents, or between retail establishments and
custom ers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck in
good working order. Salesroute and over-th e-road drivers are excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by type and
rated capacity of truck, as follows:
Truckdriver, light truck
(straight truck, under IV 2 tons, usually 4 wheels)
Truckdriver, medium truck
(straight truck, IV2 to 4 tons inclusive, usually 6 wheels)
Truckdriver, heavy truck
(straight truck, over 4 tons, usually 10 wheels)
Truckdriver, tractor-trailer
SHIPPER AND RECEIVER
Perform s clerical and physical tasks in connection with shipping
goods of the establishment in which employed and receiving incoming
shipments. In performing d ay-to-day, routine task s, follows established
guidelines. In handling unusual nonroutine problem s, receives specific guid­
ance from supervisor or other officials. May direct and coordinate the
activities of other workers engaged in handling goods to be shipped or being
received.
Shippers typically are responsible for most of the following:
Verifying that orders are accurately filled by comparing items and quantities
of goods gathered for shipment against documents; insuring that shipments
are properly packaged, identified with shipping information, and loaded into
transporting vehicles; preparing and keeping records of goods shipped, e .g .,
manifests, bills of lading.




For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Shipper
Receiver
Shipper and receiver

WAREHOUSEMAN
As directed, performs a variety of warehousing duties which require
an understanding of the establishment's storage plan. Work involves most
of the following: Verifying m aterials (or merchandise) against receiving
documents, noting and reporting discrepancies and obvious damages; routing
m aterials to prescribed storage locations; storing, stacking, or palletizing
m aterials in accordance with prescribed storage methods; rearranging and
taking inventory of stored m aterials; examining stored m aterials and r e ­
porting deterioration and damage; removing m aterial from storage and
preparing it for shipment. May operate hand or power trucks in performing
warehousing duties.

Exclude workers whose prim ary duties involve shipping and re ­
ceiving work (see Shipper and Receiver and Shipping P acker), order filling
(see Order F iller), or operating power trucks (see Pow er-Truck Operator).
ORDER FILLER
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slip s, custom ers'
ord ers, or other instructions. M ay, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing ord ers, requisition
additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform other
related duties.
SHIPPING PACKER
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of container
employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of items in
shipping containers and may involve one or m ore of the following: Knowledge
of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate
type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior
or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing
container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

M A TERIAL HANDLING LABORER

GU ARD— C ontinue d

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or
other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various rtiaterials and merchandise on or from freight
ca rs, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
m aterials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting
m aterials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow.
Longshore
w orkers, who load and unload ships, are excluded.

Guards employed by establishments which provide protective ser­
vices on a contract basis are included in this occupation.
For wage study purposes, guards are classified as follows:
Class A . Enforces regulations designed to prevent breaches of
security. E xercises judgment and uses discretion in dealing with em er­
gencies and security violations encountered.
Determines whether first
response should be to intervene directly (asking for assistance when deemed
necessary and time allows), to keep situation under surveillance, or to re­
port situation so that it can be handled by appropriate authority. Duties
require specialized training in methods and techniques of protecting security
areas. Commonly, the guard is required to demonstrate continuing physical
fitness and proficiency with firearm s or other special weapons.

POW ER-TRUCK OPERATOR
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered truck
or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a warehouse,
manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

Class B . Carries out instructions prim arily oriented toward in­
suring that emergencies and security violations are readily discovered and
reported to appropriate authority. Intervenes directly only in situations which
require minimal action to safeguard property or persons.
Duties require
minimal training.
Commonly, the guard is not required to demonstrate
physical fitness. May be armed, but generally is not required to demonstrate
proficiency in the use of firearm s or special weapons.

F or wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of powertruck, as follows:
Forklift operator
P ow er-truck operator (other than forklift)

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas and
washroom s, or prem ises of an office, apartment house, or commercial or
other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following: Sweeping,
mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips, trash, and other
refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or
trim m ings; providing supplies and minor maintenance services; and cleaning,
lavatories, showers, and restroom s. Workers who specialize in window
washing are excluded.

GUARD
Protects property from theft or damage, or persons from hazards
or interference. Duties involve serving at a fixed post, making rounds on
foot or by m otor vehicle, or escorting persons or property. May be deputized
to make a rrests.
May also help visitors and customers by answering
questions and giving directions.




51

Service Contract
Act Surveys
The following areas are sur­
veyed periodically for use in admin­
istering the Service Contract Act
of 1965. Survey results are pub­
lished in releases which are availa­
ble, at no cost, while supplies last
from any of the BLS regional offices
shown on the back cover.
Alaska (statewide)
Albany, Ga.
Alexandria— eesville, La.
L
Alpena—
Standish—
Tawas City, Mich.
Ann Arbor, Mich.
Atlantic City, N.J.
Augusta, Ga.—
S.C.
Austin, Tex.
Bakersfield, Calif'.
Baton Rouge, La.
Battle Creek, Mich.
Beaumont—
Port Arthur—
Orange, Tex.
Beaumont—
Port Arthur—Orange
and Lake Charles, T ex.—
La.
Biloxi—
Gulfport and Pascagoula—
Moss Point, M iss.
Binghamton, N .Y .
Birmingham, Ala.
Bloomington—
Vincennes, Ind.
Bremerton—
Shelton, Wash.
Brunswick, Ga.
Cedar Rapids, Iowa
Champaign—
Urbana—
Rantoul, 111.
Charleston—
North Charleston—
Waiterboro, S.C.
Charlotte—
Gastonia, N.C.
Cheyenne, Wyo.
Clarksville—
Hopkinsville, Tenn.—
Ky.
Colorado Springs, Colo.
Columbia—
Sumter, S.C.
Columbus, Ga.—
Ala.
Columbus, M iss.
Decatur, 111.
Des Moines, Iowa
Duluth—
Superior, Minn.—W is.
El Paso—
Alamogordo—
Las C ruces,
Tex.— Mex.
N.
Eugene—
Springfield—
Medford, Oreg.
Fayetteville, N.C.




Fort Lauderdale—
Hollywood
and West Palm Beach—
Boca Raton, Fla.
Fort Smith, Ark.—
Okla.
Frederick—Hagerstown—
Chambersburg, Md.—
Pa.
Goldsboro, N.C.
Grand Island—
Hastings, Nebr.
Guam, Territory of
Harrisburg—
Lebanon, Pa.
Knoxville, Tenn.
Laredo, Tex.
Las Vegas—
Tonopah, Nev.
Lim a, Ohio
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark.
Logansport—
Peru, Ind.
Lorain— lyria, Ohio
E
Lower Eastern Shore, Md.— a.—
V
Del.
Macon, Ga.
Madison, W is.
Maine (statewide)
Mansfield, Ohio
McAllen—
Pharr—Edinburg
and Brownsville—
Harlingen—
San Benito, Tex.
Meridian, M iss.
Middlesex, Monmouth, and
Ocean C os., N.J.
Mobile—
Pensacola—
Panama City,
A la.—
Fla.
Montana (statewide)
Nashville—
Davidson, Tenn.
New Bern—
Jacksonville, N.C.
New Hampshire (statewide)
New London—Norwich, Conn.—
R.I.
North Dakota (statewide)
Northern New York
Northwest Texas
Orlando, Fla.
Oxnard-Simi Valley—
Ventura, Calif.
Peoria, 111.
Phoenix, A riz.
Pine Bluff, Ark.
Pueblo, Colo.
Puerto Rico
Raleigh—
Durham, N.C.
Reno, Nev.
Salina, Kans.

Salinas—
Seaside—
Monterey, Calif.
Sandusky, Ohio
Santa Barbara—
Santa Maria—
Lompoc, Calif.
Savannah, Ga.
Selma, Ala.
Shreveport, La.
South Dakota (statewide)
Southern Idaho
Southwest Virginia
Spokane, Wash.
Springfield, 111.
Stockton, Calif.
Tacoma, Wash.
Tampa—
St. Petersburg, Fla.
Topeka, Kans.
Tucson—
Douglas, A riz.
Tulsa, Okla.
Upper Peninsula, Mich.
Vermont (statewide)
Virgin Islands of the U.S,
Waco and Killeen—T emple, Tex.
1
Waterloo—
Cedar F a lls, Iowa
West Virginia (statewide)
Wichita Falls—Lawton— ltus,
A
Tex.—
Okla.
Wilmington, Del.—
N.J.—
Md.
Y akima—Richland—
Kennewick—
Pendleton, Wash.—
Oreg.

ALSO AVAILABLE—
An annual report on salaries for
accountants, auditors, chief account­
ants, attorneys, job analysts, direc­
tors of personnel, buyers, chem ists,
engineers, engineering technicians,
drafters, a n d clerical employees
is available. Order as BLS B ulle­
tin 1980, National Survey of P ro ­
fessional, Administrative, Technical
and C lerical Pay, March 1977, $ Z.40
a copy, from any of the BLS re­
gional sales offices shown on the
back cover, or from the Superin­
tendent of Documents, U.S. Govern­
ment Printing O ffice, Washington,
D.C. 20402.

Area Wage
Surveys
A list of the latest bulletins available is presented below. Bulletins
may be purchased from any of the BLS regional offices shown on the back
cover, or from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing
O ffice, Washington, D .C. 20402. Make checks payable to Superintendent of
Documents. A directory of occupational wage surveys, covering the years
1970 through 1976, is available on request.
A rea
Akron, Ohio, D ec. 1977_______________________________________
Albany—Schenectady—Troy, N .Y ., Sept. 1977 -----------------------Anaheim—
Santa Ana—
Garden Grove,
C alif., Oct. 1977_____________________________________________
Atlanta, G a., May 1 9 7 8 1---------------------------------------------------------Baltim ore, M d ., Aug. 1978 1 --------------------------------------------------B illin gs, M ont., July 1978____________________________________
Birmingham, A la ., M ar. 1978________________________________
Boston, M a s s ., Aug. 1978 1-----------------------------------------------------Buffalo, N .Y ., Oct. 1977 ---------------------------------------------------------Canton, Ohio, May 1978_______________________________________
Chattanooga, Tenn.—G a ., Sept. 1977 -------------------------------------Chicago, 111., May 1978_______________________________________
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—Ind., July 1978_____________________;—
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1978__________________________________
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1977-----------------------------------------------------Corpus Christi, T e x ., July 1978_____________________________
D allas-F ort W orth, T e x ., Oct. 1977_________________________
Davenport—
Rock Island-M oline, Iowa—
111., Feb. 1978---------Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1977 1--------------------------------------------------------Daytona Beach, F la ., Aug. 1978_____________________________
Denver—Boulder, C olo., Dec. 1977 1-------------------------------------Detroit, M ich ., M ar. 1978____________________________________
Fresno, C a lif., June 1 9 7 8 1----------------------------------------------------Gainesville, F la ., Sept. 1978-------------------------------------------------Green Bay, W is ., July 1978 1 _________________________________
Greensboro— inston-Salem —
W
High Point,
N .C ., Aug. 1978_______________________________________________
Greenville—
Spartanburg, S .C ., June 1978____________________
Hartford, Conn., M ar. 1978 1----------1-------------------------------------Houston, T e x ., Apr. 1978_____________________________________
Huntsville, A la ., Feb. 1978----------------------------------------------------Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1977--------------------------------------------------Jackson, M is s ., Jan. 1978------------------------------------------------------Jacksonville, F la ., Dec. 1977------------------------------------------------Kansas City, M o *-K a n s., Sept. 1977-------------------------------------Los Angeles—
Long Beach, C alif., Oct. 1977------------------------Louisville, Ky.—Ind., Nov. 1977 1____________________________
M em phis, Tenn.—A rk.— is s ., Nov. 1977------------------------------M




Bulletin number
and price*
1950-70, 80 cents
1950-52, 80 cents
1950-60,
2025-28,
2025-50,
2025-38,
2025-15,
2025-43,
1950-58,
2025-22,
1950-44,
2025-32,
2025-39,
2025-49,
1950-64,
2025-29,
1950-65,
2 0 2 5 -6 ,
1950-71,
2025-48,
1950-74,
2025-11,
2025-31,
2025-45,
2025-41,

$1 .0 0
$1 .4 0
$1 .5 0
$1 .0 0
80 cents
$ 1.50
$ 1 .0 0
70 cents
70 cents
$1.30
$1.10
$ 1.30
$1 .0 0
$1 .0 0
$ 1 .2 0
70 cents
$ 1 .1 0
$1 .0 0
$1.40
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .2 0
$1 .0 0
$1.20

2025-46,
2025-30,
2025-14,
2025-23,
2 0 2 5 -4 ,
1950 -5 6,
2 0 2 5 -1 ,
1950-67,
1950 -5 4,
1950-61,
1950-66,
1950-63,

$1 .0 0
$ 1 .0 0
$1 .2 0
$ 1.20
70 cents
$1 .0 0
70 cents
70 cents
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1.20
$ 1.20
70 cents

Area
M iam i, F la ., Oct. 1977_______________________________________
Milwaukee, W is ., Apr. 1 9 7 8 1 _______________________________
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn*— is ., Jan. 1978 1 ____________
W
Nassau-Suffolk, N .Y ., June 1 9 7 8 1 __________________________
Newark, N .J ., Jan. 1978 1 ____________________________________
New Orleans, L a ., Jan. 1978________________________________
New York, N .Y .-N .J ., May 1978 1 _________ _________________
Norfolk—
Virginia Beach—
Portsmouth, Va.—
N .C ., May 1978______________________________________________
Norfolk—Virginia Beach-Portsmouth and
Newport News—
Hampton, Va.— .C ., May 1978___________
N
Northeast Pennsylvania, Aug. 1978__________________________
Oklahoma City, O kla., Aug. 1978____________________________
Omaha, N ebr.-Iow a, Oct. 197 7 1 ____________________________
P aterson -C lifton-P assaic, N .J ., June 1978 1 ______________
Philadelphia, Pa.—N .J ., Nov. 1977__________________________
Pittsburgh, P a., Jan. 1978__________________________________
Portland, Maine, Dec. 1977_________________________________
Portland, Oreg.— ash ., May 1978__________________________
W
Poughkeepsie, N .Y ., June 1 9 7 8 1____________________________
Poughkeepsie—
Kingston-Newburgh, N .Y ., June 1978 1 ____
Providence—
Warwick—Pawtucket, R.I.—
M a s s ., June 1978____________________________________________
Richmond, V a ., June 1978___________________________________
St. Louis, M o .- m ., M ar. 1978_______________________________
Sacramento, C alif., Dec. 1977 1 _____________________________
Saginaw, M ich ., Nov. 1977----------------------------------------------------Salt Lake City—
Ogden, Utah, Nov. 1977_____________________
San Antonio, T ex ., May 1978________________________________
San Diego, C alif., Nov. 1977 1 _______________________________
San Francisco—
Oakland, C alif., M ar. 1978 1 ________________
San Jose, C alif., M ar. 1978 1 ________________________________
Seattle—
Everett, W ash ., Dec. 1977__________________________
South Bend, Ind., Aug. 1978__________________________________
Toledo, Ohio— ich ., May 1978 1 ____________________________
M
Trenton, N .J ., Sept. 1977____________________________________
U tica-R om e, N .Y ., July 1978________________________________
Washington, D.C.—
Md.— a ., M ar. 1978 1 ___________________
V
Wichita, Kans., A pr. 1978___________________________________
W orcester, M a s s ., Apr. 1978 1 _____________________________
York, P a., Feb. 1 9 7 8 1________________________________________

Bulletin number
and price*
1950-57,
2025-18,
20 2 5 -2 ,
2025-33,
2 0 2 5 -7 ,
2 0 2 5 -5 ,
2025-35,

$1.00
$1.40
$1.40
$1.30
$1.40
$1.00
$ 1.50

2025-20, 70 cents
2025-21,
2025-47,
2025-40,
1950-55,
2025-36,
1950-62,
20 2 5 -3 ,
1950-69,
2025-25,
2025-37,
2025-42,

80 cents
$1.00
$ 1.00
$1.10
$1.20
$1.20
$1.10
70 cents
$1.00
$1.10
$1.20

2025-27,
2025-26,
2025-13,
1950-72,
1950-59,
1950-68,
2025-17,
1950-73,
2025 -1 0,
20 2 5 -9 ,
1950-75,
2025-44,
2025-24,
1950-47,
2025-34,
2025-12,
2025-16,
2025-19,
2 025 -8 ,

$1.40
80 cents
$1.20
$1.00
70 cents
80 cents
70 cents
$1.10
$ 1.40
$1.20
80 cents
$ 1.00
$1.20
70 cents
$1.00
$ 1.40
80 cents
$1.10
$ 1 .1 0

Prices are determined by the Government Printing Office and are subject to change.
Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212
Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail
Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region I

Region II

Region III

Region IV

1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (A reaC o de617)

Suite 3400
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New York, N Y. 10036
Phone: 399-5406 (A reaC o de212)

3535 Market Street,
P O Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
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1371 Peachtree St., N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone:881-4418 (Area Code 404)

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9th Floor, 230 S. Dearborn St.
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Phone: 353-1880 (A reaC o de312)

Second Floor
555 G riffin Square Building
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Phone: 767-69 71 (A reaC o de214)

Federal O ffice Building
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area C ode816)

450 G olden Gate Ave
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone:556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
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Texas

VII
Iowa
Kansas
M issouri
Nebraska

IX
Arizona
California
Hawaii
Nevada

Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
Wisconsin




VIII
Colorado
Montana
North Dakota
South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming

X
Alaska
Idaho
Oregon
Washington


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102