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/ j. 3 :

Area
Wage
Survey
Bulletin 2025-39
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics




Cincinnati, Ohio—Kentucky—
Indiana, Metropolitan Area
July 1978

Preface
T h is b u lle tin p r o v id e s res u lts o f a July 1978 s u r v e y o f oc c u p a tio n a l
e arn in gs in the C in cin n ati, O hio— entucky—
K
Ind ian a, Standard M e tro p o lita n
S ta tis tic a l A r e a .
T h e s u r v e y w as m ad e as p a r t o f the B u reau o f L a b o r
S ta tis tic s ' annual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m .
It w as condu cted by th e
B u reau 's r e g io n a l o f f ic e in C h ic a g o , 111., under the g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n o f
L o is L . O r r , A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l C o m m is s io n e r fo r O p e ra tio n s .
The su rvey
could not h a ve b een a c c o m p lis h e d w ith out the c o o p e r a tio n o f th e m any fir m s
w h ose w a g e and s a la r y data p ro v id e d the b a s is fo r the s t a tis tic a l in fo r m a ­
tio n in this b u lle tin .
T h e B u reau w is h e s to e x p r e s s s in c e r e a p p re c ia tio n
fo r the c o o p e ra tio n r e c e iv e d .
M a t e r ia l in th is p u b lic a tio n is in th e p u b lic d om ain and m a y be
rep ro d u c e d w ith out p e r m is s io n o f th e F e d e r a l G o v e rn m en t.
P le a s e c r e d it




th e B ureau
p u b lication .

of

Labor

S ta tis tic s

and

c ite

th e

n am e

and

n u m b er

of

th is

Note:
R e p o rts on occu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s in the C in c in n a ti a r e a a r e a v a i l a ­
b le f o r the lau n d ry and d r y c le a n in g in d u s try (J u ly 1978).
A ls o a v a ila b le
a r e lis tin g s o f union w a g e r a te s fo r b u ild in g t r a d e s , p rin tin g t r a d e s , l o c a l tr a n s it o p e ra tin g e m p lo y e e s , lo c a l t r u c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s , and g r o c e r y
s to r e e m p lo y e e s .
F r e e c o p ie s o f th e s e a r e a v a ila b le f r o m th e B u re a u 's
r e g io n a l o f fic e s .
(S e e b ack c o v e r f o r a d d r e s s e s .)

Area
Wage
Survey

Cincinnati, Ohio—Kentucky
Indiana, Metropolitan Area
July 1978

U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

Contents

Page

Page

October 1978
Bulletin 2025-39

In trod u ctio n -------------------------------------------------------

2

T ables:
A.

Earnings, a ll establishm ents:
A - l.
W eek ly earnings o f o ffic e w o r k e r s __ 3
A -2 .
W eek ly earnings o f p ro fes s ion a l
*
and technical w o rk e rs _______________ 6
A - 3, A v e ra g e w eek ly earnings o f
o ffic e , p ro fession al, and
techn ical w o rk e rs , by s e x __________ 7
A -4 . H ourly earnings o f m aintenance,
to olroom , and pow erplant
w o r k e r s ___ ___________________________
9
A - 5. H ourly earnings o f m a te ria l
m ovem ent and custodial w o r k e r s __ 10
A - 6. A v e ra g e hourly earnings o f
m aintenance, to olroom , pow erplant, m a te ria l m ovem ent, and
custodial w o rk e rs , by s e x __________ 12
A -7 . P e rc e n t in crea ses in avera ge
hourly earnings, adjusted fo r
em ploym ent shifts, fo r selected
occupational groups__________________ 13
Earnings, la r g e establishm ents;
A -8 . W eek ly earnings o f o ffic e w o r k e r s ___14
A - 9. W eek ly earnings o f p ro fes s io n a l
and techn ical w o rk e rs _______________ 16
A - 10. A v e ra g e w eek ly earnings o f
o ific e , p ro fes s io n a l, and
techn ical w o rk e rs , by s e x __________ 17
A - l l . H ou rly earnings o f m aintenance,
to olroom , and pow erplant
w o r k e r s ______________________________ J8

For sale by the Superintendent of Docu­
ments. U.S. Government Printing Office,
Washington. D C. 20402, GPO Bookstores, or
BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover.
Price $1.10. Make checks payable to Super­
intendent of Documents.




T ables— Continued
E arnings, la r g e establishm ents—
Continued
A - 12. H ou rly earnings o f m a teria l
m ovem ent and custodial
w o r k e r s ______________________________ 19
A - 13. A v e ra g e hourly earnings of
m aintenance, toolroom , pow erplant, m a te ria l m ovem ent, and
custodial w o rk e rs , by s e x ___________ 20
Appendix A .
Appendix B.

Scope and method o f s u r v e y ________ 22
O ccupational d e sc rip tio n s ___________ 25

Introduction
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 75 in w h ich th e U .S. D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r 's B u reau
o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s conducts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s and r e la te d
b e n e fits . (S ee lis t o f a re a s on in s id e b ack c o v e r . ) In ea c h a r e a , occu p a tio n a l
e a rn in g s data ( A - s e r i e s ta b le s ) a re c o lle c te d annually. In fo r m a tio n on e s ta b ­
lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p lem e n ta ry w a g e b e n e fits (B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) is
o b ta in ed e v e r y th ir d y e a r . T h is r e p o r t has no B - s e r ie s ta b le s .

E ach y e a r a ft e r a ll in d iv id u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s h a ve b een c o m ­
p le te d , tw o s u m m a ry b u lle tin s a re is s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b rin g s to g e th e r data
f o r each m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; th e seco n d p re s e n ts n a tion a l and
r e g io n a l e s tim a te s , p r o je c t e d fr o m in d iv id u a l m e tro p o lita n a r e a d ata, fo r
a ll Stan d ard M e tr o p o lita n S t a tis tic a l A r e a s in the U n ited S ta te s , exclu d in g
A la s k a and H a w a ii.

A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is the n eed
to d e s c r ib e the l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r ie t y o f la b o r m a r k e ts ,
th rou gh th e a n a ly s is o f (1 ) the l e v e l and d is trib u tio n o f w a g e s by o c cu p atio n ,
and (2 ) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s by o c c u p a tio n a l c a te g o r y and s k ill le v e l. T h e
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p s in fo rm a tio n that m a y be u sed f o r m an y p u r p o s e s , in clu d in g
w a g e and s a la r y a d m in is tr a tio n , c o lle c t iv e b a r g a in in g , and a s s is ta n c e in
d e te rm in in g plant lo c a tio n . S u rv e y re s u lts a ls o a r e used by th e U .S. D e p a rt­
m en t o f L a b o r to m ak e w agd d e te rm in a tio n s under th e S e r v ic e C o n tra c t A c t
o f 1965.




A - s e r i e s ta b le s
T a b le s A - l th rou gh A - 6 p r o v id e e s tim a te s o f s tr a ig h t- tim e w e e k ly
o r h o u rly e arn in gs f o r w o r k e r s in occu p a tio n s com m on to a v a r ie t y o f
m an u factu rin g and n onm anu facturin g in d u s tr ie s . F o r th e 31 la r g e s t s u r v e y
a r e a s , ta b le s A - 8 th rou gh A - 13 p r o v id e s i m i l a r data f o r e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e .
T a b le A - 7 p ro v id e s p e rc e n t chan ges in a v e r a g e h o u rly e a rn in g s
o f o f f ic e c le r ic a l w o r k e r s , e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g w o r k e r s , in d u s tr ia l
n u rs e s , s k ille d m ain ten an ce tra d e s w o r k e r s , and u n sk ille d plant w o r k e r s .
W h e re p o s s ib le , data a re p re s e n te d f o r a ll in d u s tr ie s and f o r m a n u fa c ­
tu rin g and nonm anu facturing s e p a r a te ly . D ata a r e not p re s e n te d f o r s k ille d
m ain ten an ce w o r k e r s in non m an u factu rin g b e ca u s e the n u m b er o f w o r k e r s
e m p lo y e d in th is o ccu p atio n al gro u p in n on m an u fa ctu rin g is to o s m a ll to
w a r r a n t s e p a ra te p re s e n ta tio n .
T h is ta b le p r o v id e s a m e a s u r e o f w a g e
tre n d s a ft e r e lin im a tio n o f changes in a v e r a g e e a rn in g s cau sed by e m p lo y ­
m en t sh ifts am ong es ta b lis h m en ts as w e ll as tu r n o v e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts
in clu d ed in s u rv e y s a m p le s . F o r fu r th e r d e ta ils , s ee ap pendix A.
A p p en d ixe s
A p p en d ix A d e s c r ib e s the m eth od s and con cep ts used in the a r e a
w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m and p r o v id e s in fo rm a tio n on the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
Ap p end ix B p ro v id e s job d e s c r ip tio n s
m is ts to c la s s ify w o r k e r s by occu p ation .

u sed b y B u re a u f ie ld e c o n o ­

A.

E a rn in g s

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky.—Ind., July 1978
Weekly earnin^^^™
(standard)
N

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

earn in g s of—

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly
$

S

S

S

$

$

$

$

$

ALL

of
workers

s

%

$

$

$

S

$

*

S

$

t

$

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

3 20

340

360

380

400

100

O c c u p a t io n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

-

-

12
6
6

17

162
96

214

204
117
87
15
25

14
14
-

8

5
3
3

6
6

3

-

-

293
216
77
9
28

61
45
16
5

2

374
239
135
41
23

81
46
35

-

457
242
215
18
59

437
257
180

-

164
71
93
~
15

122

66

-

40
17
23
4

120

11
2

1

-

-

-

i
i
-

-

-

-

-

8

25
25

26

27
14
13

i
i

4
4
-

-

69
32
37
4

57
27
30

2
2

1
1

-

-

76
53
23
4
104
98

90
Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

and
u n d er

WORKERS

200.00

$
$
1 7 7 .0 0-244.50
1 8 8 .0 0-252.50
1 69.00-231.50
2 06.00-274.00
179.0 0 -2 4 5 .0 0

254.50
273.00
240.50

2 44 .0 0
259 .5 0
23 2 . 0 0

2 2 2 .00-274.00
2 3 0 .5 0-295.00
2 1 4 .0 0-262.00

-

-

-

-

221.00

21 4 . 5 0
2 26 .5 0
2 05 .0 0
22 7 . 0 0

185.00 -2 5 0 .0 0
188.00 -2 6 6 .0 0
184.00 -2 3 5 .5 0
195.00-252.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

7
3
4
-

-

-

170.5 0 -2 4 9 .5 0
196.0 0 -2 6 3 .5 0
160.50 -2 1 2 .5 0
2 1 0 .00-320.00

-

-

13

37

-

-

5
~
5
“

6

229.00
192.00
259.00

20 6 . 5 0
22 5 . 0 0
1 7 9 .5 0
2 62 .0 0

13
“

35
“

53
24
29

38.5
38.5
38.5

197.50
205.00
1 7 9 .0 0

1 9 0 .0 0
20 1 . 5 0
1 6 8 .0 0

1 6 4 .00-223.50
174.50 -2 2 9 .0 0
155.00 -1 8 4 .5 0

48
17
31

124
84

40.0
40.0

213.50

-

202.00

2 18 .0 0
19 9 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

952
632
320
160

39.0
38.5
39.5
40.0

196.50
1 9 4 .0 0
201.50
238.00

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

566
211

90

38.5
39.5
40.0

STENOGRAPHERS. SENIOR --------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

286
277
109
70

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE T T P I S T S ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

$
2 1 5 .0 0

SECRETARIES --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------R E T A I L TRADE ---------------------------------

2.790
1.625
1.165
146
225

39.0
39.0
38.5
39.5
38.0

S E CR ET ARI ES . CLASS A ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

137
60
77

38.5
39.0
38.0

554
353
37

38.5
39.0
38.5
40.0

235.50
212.50
231.50

S E CR ET ARI ES . CLASS C ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

801
437
364
44

39.0
39.0
38.5
39.5

SE CR E TA R IE S . CLASS D ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

704
500
204

SE CR E TA R IE S . CLASS E ----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

S E C RE TAR IE S. CLASS B ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBL IC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

201

222.00
202.00

246.00
2 0 7 .0 0

212.00

$
210.00

2 1 9 .0 0
1 9 5 .0 0
2 33 .0 0

6

4
4

6

~

-

-

7

7

6

-

6
1

3
3

-

i

-

-

184.50 -2 3 8 .0 0
163.50 -2 1 8 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

19 0 . 0 0
1 9 0 .0 0
20 2 . 5 0
24 2 . 0 0

165.00 -2 1 8 .0 0
169.50-208.50
150.00-242.00
2 1 6 .0 0-247.50

-

-

2

-

-

-

18
7

2

11

-

-

186.00
196.50
229.00

175.00
1 9 5 .5 0
22 3 .0 0

156.50 -2 0 1 .0 0
143.00 -2 2 9 .5 0
2 1 1 .5 0-292.50

_

-

39.0
39.0
39.5
40.0

212.50
213.00
236.50

20 8 .0 0
20 6 .0 0
2 42 .0 0
24 2 .0 0

190.00-232.50
194.50 -2 2 2 .5 0
163.50 -2 4 2 .0 0
2 4 2 .0 0-247.50

191
72
119

38.5
39.5
38.0

166.50
178.00
159.00

1 5 9 .5 0
17 4 .0 0
1 5 9 .5 0

151.0 0 -1 7 7 .5 0
160.00 -2 0 0 .0 0
149.00 -1 5 9 .5 0

T Y P I S T S ----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

1 . 0 70
392
678
69

39.0
39.0
3S.0
40.0

152.00
165.00
146.00
191.50

1 4 6 .0 0
1 6 5 .0 0
13 5 . 5 0
177.50

130.0 0 -1 7 2 .0 0
145.5 0 -1 8 6 .5 0
1 2 5 .0 0-155.50
170.50 -2 2 1 .5 0

T Y P I S T S . CLASS A ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

401
206
195
41

39.0
39.0
39.0
40.0

166.50
172.50
159.50
186.50

1 6 2 .5 0
1 7 0 .0 0
1 5 3 .0 0
1 7 7 .5 0

147.0 0 -1 8 5 .0 0
155.00-187.00
140.0 0 -1 7 7 .5 0
170.5 0 -1 9 7 .0 0

S e e fo o tn o te s

211.00

-

-

-

“
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

36
14

1

22

-

-

-

-

5
“

32
19

6

-

6

10

-

-

-

-

80
4
76
“
9
~
9

3

5
5
120

25
95
1

30
5
25

5

26
15

10

11

10

-

18
~
18
-

12

133
39
94
8

110

32
78
8

3
5

22

19

8

12

11
8

5
3

3
9

16
15

18
9
9

14

2
2

3
3

1

8

-

-

6

-

-

-

93
70
23

77
62
15

31
28
3

2

8

2

13

6

44
39
5

5

7
7
-

5
5
"

4

-

5
4

3

1

_

14

42
58
5

78
44
9

67
40
27

84
39
45

58
27
31

144
109
35

81
7

14
14

15
14

-

16
15

23
23

38
5

4
4

4
4

62
17
45
4

84
55
29

85
74

86

156

3

87
57
30
18

64
9
55
49

12
2
10
10

10
1

6

199
173
26
9

55
38
4

64
17

73

25

3

10

2

3

7

20
8
12

22

11

20

14

2

8
2
6
1

93
87

95
93

62
52

6

2
2

10

55
9
46
46

18
16
2

26
7
19

68

91
51
40
30

137
91
46
4

67
34
33
30

87
51
36
4

12

7
5
“

1

24

13
55

15
15
“

206
27
179

126
44
82

135
57
78

20

2

2

72
36
36

48
“
40
35
5

78
4

106

44
32

5

6

68

49
19
30

10
1

112

9
9

25

8

76

88

61
42
30

12
1
11

18
7

“

122

20

4

13
12
1

35
22

4
7
7
17
2

8

37

5
4
1
22

22

9
9

15

-

12

7
3

1

14
13

35
18
18

1
1
1

6
6

13
13

9
9

_
_

-

-

2

_

i
i
9
_

9
9

9
9
_

_
-

-

_

_

2
2

-

1
1

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

12
12

3

_

_

-

-

-

3

1

-

-

_

_

_
-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

_

_

_

_

_
_

_

_
_

_

_

_

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

5

2
1
1

2

_

8
3

15
8

5
4

14

6

4

10

2

2

2
2

4
4

i

-

2

-

41
23
18
18

13
4

4

4

-

6

44
7
37
3

12

51
“

4

11

-

27

8

100

7

73

12

4
4

22

114

67
24
43
“

-

at end o f t a b le s .




12

8

“
32
13
19

86

128
18

2

-

6
1

39
81
-

_

2

_

_

3
3

2
2

_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

3

_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

2
1
1

-

_

_

-

_

_

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky.—Ind., July 1978— Continued
^^IVeeklyTarnlngs^™
(standard)
umbe*
O cc u p a ti o n and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e we e k l y e a r n in g s o f —

Median2

Middle range2

$

$

110

1 2Q

130

140

150

S
160

110

120

130

140

150

160

36
14

71
4
67

90

188
20

70

168

77
25
52

63

20

~

90
Mean 2

*

100

-

1

8

2

149
23
126
-

85
79
16

145
18
127
2

42
5
37
-

$

S

S

S

$

S

$

*

$

S

$

$

*

S

*

$

*

170

180

200

220

240

260

2 80

300

3 20

340

360

380

400

170

180

200

220

240

260

2 80

300

320

3 40

_ 360

380

400

420

24
17
7

50
40

21
12

11

42

28
13
15

10

9

2

-

-

-

2

21
1
20

28
9
19

17

10

9

17
13
4

-

2

-

2

3

and
u n d er
100

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
T Y P IS T S -

CONTINUED

T Y P I S T S . CLASS B ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------

689
188
<183
28

39.0
39.0
39.0
<0 .0
1

$
145.00
156.50
140.50
199.50

$
135.50
152.00
135.00
206.00

$
$
1 2 5 .00-154.50
132.00 -1 8 4 .5 0
125.0 0 -1 4 4 .5 0
1 3 8 .50-245.50

F IL E CLERKS -----------------------------------------MAN UFACTURING------- '------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------

601

133.00
142.50
131.00
170.00

129.00
130.50
125.50
125.00

116.00-138.00
1 1 6 .00-173.00
115.00 -1 3 8 .0 0
1 2 5 .00-206.00

-

<11

38.5
39.0
38.5
40.0

-

78
13
65
5

CLASS A ---------------------

53

39.0

178.50

167.50

142.00-197.00

-

-

6

3

3

5

3

7

'4

10

F IL E CLERKS. CLASS B --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

361
321

38.5
38.5

131.50
129.50

132.50
132.50

1 1 9.50-138.00
119.5 0 -1 3 8 .0 0

-

37
30

70
70

48
43

126
117

33
33

16
16

15
9

8

7

1

-

FI L E CLERKS. CLASS C ----------------—
NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------

187
147
31

38.5
38.5
<to.o

122.50
123.50
141.00

116.00
115.00
125.00

110.00-125.00
1 1 0 .00-125.00
120.00 -1 5 3 .5 0

_
“

41
35
5

73
50
“

34
34
16

16

<
*
-

2
2

6
6
2

5
5
-

-

6
6
6

MESSENGERS -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING---------------- ;---------

233
52
181

39.0
40.0
38.5

142.50
150.50
140.00

137.50
151.00
130.00

115.00 -1 5 4 .0 0
136.00-161.00
115.00 -1 4 9 .5 0

-

13

56

29
7

24

9
1
8

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS — ------------------NONMANUFACTURING---------------------------

117
80

39.0
39.0

174.50
165.00

172.50
150.00

130.0 0 -2 0 1 .0 0
128.50-186.50

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERA TOR-RECE PTIO NIS TS
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING----- --------- 4----------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------

337
176
161
- 57

39.0
39.0
39.0
39.0

164.00
165.00
163.00
176.00

155.50
160.00
142.00
145.00

138.00-190.00
146.00 -1 9 0 .0 0
1 3 1 .00-200.00
125.00-200.00

-

ORDER CLERKS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

7 <1 <
1
<135
309

39.5
39.5
39.0

181.50
179.50
184.50

172.00
176.50
168.00

145.00-224.00
136.00-228.50
161.50 -2 1 5 .0 0

-

ORDER CLERKS. CLASS A ------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

2 1 <1
111

39.5
4 0.0

218.50
207.00

229.00

-

-

220.00

195.00-239.00
188.00 -2 3 0 .0 0

ORDER CLERKS. CLASS B ------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ---------------------------

502
296
206

3 9 . 5 166.50
3 9 .5 170.50
3 9.5 161.00

161.50
161.00
166.00

136.00-180.00
128.00-212.50
147.50-168.00

-

15
15

ACCOUNTING CLERKS ------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------RET AIL TRADE -------------------------------

1.6 2 6
7 54
872
69
286

39.0
39.5
39.0
<♦0 . 0
39.0

176.50
185.50
168.50
218.50
178.00

169.00
176.00
165.00
221.50
175.00

145.00-199.50
150.50-213.00
140.00-190.00
168.00-264.00
1 5 5 .00-195.50

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS A ---------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PU 8 L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------------RET AIL TRADE -------------------------------

608
3 2<
1
28<l
29
138

39.0
39.5
3 8.5
40.0
38.5

202.50
2 0 7 .5 0
197.00
250.00
198.50

195.00

174.50 -2 2 5 .0 0
172.00-240.50
175.00-207.00
2 1 9 .0 0-300.00
176.00-203.50

F IL E

CLERKS.

See fo o tn o te s

101

500

202.00

195.00
2 4 2 .0 0
195.00

1
1

22

1

9

2

6

46
11

19
13

8
2
6

3

8

12
11
1

13

55

22

18

35

7
7

7
7

9

14
13

8

4

5

2

56
17
39
5

55
25
30
9

29
29
-

18
3
-

85
47
38

35
14

41
25
16

125
32
93

7
7

8
8

7
7

21

74
36
38

28
14
14

33
17
16

113
25
93

12
12

148

16

152
67
85
3

185
90
95
7
36

183
53
130
3
43

189
96
93
33

45
31
14
-

30
18

32
16
16
7

79
39
40
~
27

-

10

10
10 .

15
15

-

26
24

8

36
14
22
6

41
41

2
2

-

-

“

-

“
-

-

-

-

24
24
-

41
41

36
5
31
5

118
32

-

86

-

-

-

4

4

-

-

-

-

-

<
*

2
2

-

-

21

66

82
3
27

12

5
2

4

8
21

_
_

-

-

-

_

1

2

2

-

-

-

4

4
4

1
1

2
2

2
2

-

-

-

-

2

2

1

2

1

4

i

-

6
6

2
2

2
2

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

-

-

-

-

3

8
8

11

-

_

-

-

_

-

1
1

2
2

1
1

_
_

2

-

1

2

1

-

-

-

-

e

_

2

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

6

-

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

9

6

3

13

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

11

3

6

at end o f ta b le s .




6

21

7
3

22
12

2

-

2

19
17

56
42
14
-

34

9

3

86

57
49

2

“
36
18
18

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

_

6

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_
_

_
_
-

-

6

6

i

i

28
17

-

2
2

2
2

59
41
18

22

8

113
77
26

12
12

26
18

80
*♦«*

27
9

21

-

-

61
16
45

31
31

32

i
i

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

32
32
-

" Is

-

-

-

-

210

179
74
105
7
46

75
55

24

7

4
4
-

14
9
5
5
-

18
14
4
4

14
9
5
5

41
45

106
104
9
59
132
55
77
45

118
43
75
5
35

3

22

20
11
8

45
36
9
1

7

75
59
16
6
8

58
43
15
5
8

4
18

3

28
16
12

5
7
19
12

7
-

7

-

6
6

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

2

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

3

_

20

-

-

-

3

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

3

_

_

_

2

2

-

_

_

4
4
-

-

-

-

_

7
2

4
4

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

3
3

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

_

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky.—Ind., July 1978— Continued
"""^Veekty^Mrnlngs^^™
(standard)
O c c u p a ti o n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
woiken

Average
weekly
hour* 1
(standard)

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly earning s of—
$

Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

100

110

120

130

$
140

110

120

130

140

-

36
5
31

114
32
82
16

-

$
90

$

$

$

S

S

S

S

S

*

S

S

$

$

$

*

$

$

S

150

160

170

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

3 20

340

360

380

400

150

160

170

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

148
65
83
3

103
35

151
37
114
36

110

-

-

6

78
51
27
14

60
30
30

27

155
72
83
34

-

-

-

6

3

6

12

and
under
100

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
ACCOUNTING CLERKS -

CONTINUED
159.50
1 6 8 .0 0
153.50
159.00

1 6 1 .0 0
1 5 3 .5 0
1 5 7 .0 0

$
$
135.Q 0-172.50
140.50-186.00
1 3 4.00-167.50
142.00-169.00

-

1 <|8

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.5

65

40.0

220.50

200.00

1 8 0 .00-258.00

-

-

44

40.0

2<*2.50

2 3 4 .5 0

200.0 0 -3 0 0 .0 0

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

44

40.0

2 4 3 .5 0

2 3 4 .5 0

200.00-300.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

5

~

-

2

~

-

2
2

2

2

9

14

1

15

-

5

~

134
49
85
15

147
80
67

~

4

4

22

197
57
140
9
27

200

<
*

127
46
81

199
78

-

36
5
31

6

8

-

-

62
26
36

58
9
49

45
14
31

75
33
42

100

65

139
48
91
9

89
35
54
15
5

124
45
79
27
5

100

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------R E T A IL TRADE ---------------------------------

1 • DOB
424
582

MACHINE BIL LE RS ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING:
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------BILLE R S:
nonm anufacturing:
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

,

68

57
53

27
16

14
14

4
4

6
6

-

-

11
1

-

-

-

-

"

8

8

6

-

4

12

-

6

8

8

6

-

*»

12

6

8

8

6

-

4

12

11

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

BI L LI N G - M A C H I N E

197.50

102

39.0
39.5
39.0

1.374
548
826
138
125

39.0
39.5
39.0
40.0
38.5

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS A ------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

534
189
345

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS B ------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------R E T A IL TRADE ---------------------------------

840
3 59
481
124
76

PAYROLL CLERKS --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------KEY ENTRY OPERATORS ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBL IC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------R E T A I L TRADE ---------------------------------

See fo o tn o te s

331
229

'

188.00

1 9 0 .0 0
193.50
1 8 5 .5 0

170.00-216.00
177.50-223.00
155.00-215.00

164.00
1 6 9 .5 0
160.00
197.00
1 5 6 .0 0

160.00
1 6 7 .0 0
1 5 6 .0 0
1 9 3 .5 0
1 4 6 .5 0

138.50-178.00
1 4 5 .00-186.00
138.00-170.00
150.0 0 -2 3 4 .5 0
1 3 3.00-176.50

39.0
39.5
39.0

167.50
1 7 7 .5 0
162.00

1 6 0 .5 0
1 6 0 .5 0
1 6 1 .0 0

144.0 0 -1 7 7 .0 0
148.5 0 -1 9 1 .0 0
140.50-173.00

-

39. 5
39.5
39.0
40.0
39.0

162.00
1 6 5 .5 0
159.00
194.00
138.50

156.00
1 6 8 .0 0
151.50
192.00
133.00

138.00-178.50
142.50-184.50
1 3 3.00-169.00
1 5 0.00-231.50
125.00-147.50

-

202.00

1

-

-

-

4

36
5
31

-

-

-

4

4

-

5
1

at end o f t a b le s .




~

5

20

45
22

ii
9

22

19

22

10

8

121

27

15
14

61
139
5
14

18
82

43
57
5
7

36
21

1
12
68
21

47
79
59
20
1
2

69
59

32
28
4

12
6
6

13

10

78
45
33

174
103
71
14
16

61
35
26
9
9

46
9
37
36

14
2
12
12

14
9
5
4

1

-

68

23
17

13
8

6

106
78
28

38
18

6
2

9
3

25
43

20

3

3
3

1

3

1

-

-

-

-

-

9
7

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

1

4
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

i

4
4
-

5

6

1

5
1

1

4
4
-

2
2

4
3

1
1

6

9
7

_

_

_

_

5

-

-

-

-

5

-

i

-

1

2

-

-

-

-

2.3
i
32
32

12

4

_

• _

_

_

_

_

-

10
6

-

_

_

_

4
4

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

-

-

-

-

-

-

11
2

,

-

-

'

_

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky.—Ind., July 1978
Weekly eandng^^™
(standard)
O cc u pa ti on and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
worker*

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—
$

Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

120

140

*
160

*
180

$
200

9
220

s

*
240

260

S

$
280

300

$
3 20

$

$

%

340

3 60

380

$

$
400

420

$
440

S

$

460

480

and
u n d er
120

ALL

*

*

*
100

500
and

140

160

260

280

300

5
3

13

11
2

10

2

13

9

200

220

240

-

180

4
4

320

340

360

460

480

500 o v e r

3 80

4 00

420

440

8
3

16

6

1

6

1

5

10
6

4

7

WORKERS

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B US IN ES S) -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

216
73
137

39.5
40.0
39.0

$
356.50
387.50
339.00

$
356.00
268.00
3 4 5 .5 0

$
$
314.50-395.50
342.0 0 -4 4 1 .5 0
294.5 0 -3 8 1 .0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S IN E S S ) » CLASS A ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

99
62

39.0
38.5

401.00
389.00

385.00
384.00

365.5 0 -4 4 0 .0 0
368.0 0 -4 0 9 .0 0

40.0
40.0

329.00
303.50

332.50
3 0 9 .0 0

289.0 0 -3 4 9 .5 0
2 6 9 .0 0-336.00

_

277

39.0
39.5
38.5

300.50
298.00
301.50

2 8 9 .0 0
28 8 . 5 0
29 0 . 0 0

246.5 0 -3 5 8 .5 0
2 5 5 .0 0-340.00
241.50 -3 7 5 .0 0

“

148
103

38.5
38.0

331.00
331.00

328.50
3 5 0 .0 0

279.00 -3 7 5 .5 0
273.50 -3 8 1 .0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) • CLASS B ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

101

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S I N E S S ) ----MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

110

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS A ---------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------------

61
287

-

_

_

~

_

_

_

“

2

13

-

1
12

_

2

297.00
281.50
304.00

287.00
26 7 . 5 0
290.50

255.00 -3 4 6 .0 0
2 5 5 .00-302.00
2 5 5 .00-384.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

636
217
419

39.5
39.5
39.5

236.50
246.00
231.50

222.00

-

232.00
213.50

184.0 0 -2 6 1 .5 0
2 0 3 .0 0-271.50
180.0 0 -2 4 9 .0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS A --------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

173
56
117

39.0
39.5
39.0

293.00
267.00
305.50

271.50
267.00
2 9 6 .5 0

2 3 3 .0 0-384.00
2 2 8 .0 0-324.50
233.0 0 -3 9 0 .0 0

-

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B --------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

318

39.0
39.5
39.0

222.50
250.50
209.00

2 1 4 .5 0
2 3 7 .5 0
202.00

1 8 4 .00-247.50
205.00 -2 9 1 .5 0
183.00-247.50

-

207

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS C --------MAN UFACTURING----------- '----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

145
50
95

39.5
39.0
40.0

197.00
211.50
189.50

1 9 2 .0 0
203.50
179.50

164.00-216.00
184.00-216.00
160.50-221.50

-

DRAFTERS -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

1.0 3 7
904
133

39.5
39.5
39.5

252.00
256.50
223.50

2 4 4 .0 0
245.00
220.00

210.00-293.50
213.00-299.50
160.00-273.00

DRAFTERS. CLASS A ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

345
302

39.5
39.5

298.50
300.50

288.00
296.50

DRAFTERS. CLASS B ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

405
378

39.5
39.5

252.50
254.00

DRAFTERS. CLASS C ----------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

232
171

40.0
40.0

205.00
215.50

REGISTERED I N DU ST R IA L NURSES ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

99

39.5
40.0

273.50
275.50

_

_

_

“

39.0
39.5
39.0

“

_

_

_

2

-

-

i

16

25

29

27

10

12

11

15

17

16

24
5
19

13

1

15

11

19
14

20

10

3

18

18
9

8
2

4
i

26

48

6
20

6
2

_

1
1

12
12

9
7

56

39

21

12

20

40
9
31

35

27

6
6

7
4

14

11

24
4

2 C

11

32
16
16

9

8

5
40
14
26

13
9

13
13

17

23
13

23

10

15

29
15
14

13

10
6

15
4

26

14
4

_

6

11

8

28

27

10

10

18

17

4

33

18

16

20

9

11

18

10
6

13
4
9

-

-

2

8
2
6

6

46

6

38

58

90
43
47

100

8

98
27
71

68

-

66
8

36
32

23
77

21
12

6
12

5

-

_

9

12

8

4

10
1

1

8

6

9

6

16

8

19
14
5

4

2

13
7

24

-

12
2

9

3

-

56

55
19
36

35
22

10
6

7
5

-

-

-

3
17

28

24

-

2

2

-

26

21

45

13

70
18
52

4

2

6

18

33

22

9

18

4

-

6
12

2

17
5

6

1

1

31

30
13
17

3

17

3

40
19

79
73

128

132
124

90

120
8

160
14 6
14

8

69
65

“

6

2

17

-

8

2

9

249.00 -3 4 9 .5 0
240.00 -3 5 2 .5 0

_

247.50
253.00

214.50-290.00
214.50-290.00

-

210.00

2

216.50

168.0 0 -2 3 6 .5 0
1 9 6 .50-238.00

267.00
275.00

235.50 -2 9 3 .5 0
236.00-293.50

-

11

2

3
-

2

-

3

2

-

-

2

9
3

-

46

6

8

4
4

12
10

7
6

8
8

4
4

_

36

-

8

_
”

2
2

_

_

-

-

~

-

36

~

-

-

-

48

3
3

1
1

-

6

14
4

-

2

2

10

46

-

-

8

7
4

9
3

46

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

6

46

-

-

“

-

4

2
2

3
3

1
1

_

-

12
10
2

11

1

_

-

-

10

2

9

-

2

-

4

"

“

-

1
1

2
2

1
1

-

-

_

-

-

ii
ii
“
ii
ii

-

_

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

~

50
42

46
38

25
25

24

8

8

31
31
-

28
24

48
26

34
33

31
29

19
17

40
32

29
29

25
25

-

-

-

47
43

69
69

34
34

38
38

50
49

31
25

6
6

2
2

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

"

39
39

44
38

34
30

8

9

-

-

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

6

6

-

-

-

-

9

18
16

15
14

11
10

21
20

7
7

-

1

4

3

-

-

-

~

1

2

3

_

-

-

_

-

11
11

_

_

10
6

40
36

78
70

16

20

8

2

22
6

38
36

-

-

-

4

8

6

4

6

-

6

"

13

81
78
3

“

"

6

5

1

21

~

20

7

2

81
77
4

64
46
18

S e e fo o tn o te s at en d o f t a b le s .




3
7

1

193
58
135

86

~

2

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

111

-

"

66

6

5

-

~

1

2
2

7

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex
in Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky.—Ind., July 1978
Average
(mean2 )

WeekW
hours
(standard)

OFFICE

OCCUPATIONS -

39.5
39.5
40.0

2 2 5 .0 0
2 2 6 .5 0

151
58

39.5
40.0

2 3 0 .0 0

101
73

ORDER CLERKS. CLASS A
MANUFACTURING -----------ACCOUNTING CLERKS
MANUFACTURING •

39.5
39.5

2 3 1 .0 0
2 4 0 .5 0

OF FICE

CLASS

OCCUPATIONS

-

A

SG

39.5

2*19.00

222.00

WOMEN

SECRETARIES -----------------MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S
R E T A I L TRADE -----SE CR ET AR IE S. CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING —

2 .7 9 0
1.625
1.165
1 *46
225
137
60
77

39.0
39.0
38.5
39.5
38.0
38.5
39.0
38.0

S EC R ET AR IE S. CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S ■

55*4
353
37

38.5
39.0
38.5
40.0

S EC RE TAR IE S. CLASS C
MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S

801
<437
36*4
<*
44

39.0
39.0
38.5
39.5

201

2 1 5 .0 0
223.00
203.00
246.00
2 0 7 .0 0
254.50
2 7 3 .0 0
240.50
221.00

2 3 5 .5 0
2 1 2 .5 0
2 3 1 .5 0

S EC RE TAR IE S. CLASS D
MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING —

70*4
500
20*4

38.5
38.5
38.5

197.50
205.00
179.00

SE CR E TA RI ES . CLASS E
MANUFACTURING ----------

12*4
8*4

40.0
40.0

2 1 3 .5 0

952
632
320
160

39.0
38.5
39.5
40.0

196.50
194.00
2 0 1 .5 0
2 3 8 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL
NONMANUFACTURING -------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S —

566
90

38.5
39.5
40.0

186.00
196.50
239.00

STENOGRAPHERS. SENIOR
MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING -----PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S —

386
277
109
70

39.0
39.0
39.5
40.0

2 1 2 .5 0
213.00

STENOGRAPHERS -------------MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S

211

202.00

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE T Y P I S T S ----------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

3 8.5
39.5
38.0

T Y P IS T S ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

39.0
39.0
39.0
40.0

153.00
165.00
146.00
191.50

T Y P I S T S . CLASS A ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

39.0
39.0
39.0
40.0

166.50
172.50
159.50
186.50

T Y P I S T S . CLASS B -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

39.0
39.0
39.0
40.0

145.00
156.50
140.50
199.50

Weekly
Weekly
earnings1
hours1
standard) (standard)

1.525
681
844
60
282

39.0
39.5
39.0
40.0
39.0

$
173.00
179.50
167.00
209.50
177.50

ACCOUNTING CLERKS.
MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUFACTURING
R E T A IL TRADE —

542
278
264
135

39.0
39.5
38.5
38.5

197.00
199.50
194.00
198.00

ACCOUNTING CLERKS.
MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUFACTURING
R E T A IL TRADE - -

971
397
574
147

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.5

158.50
165.00
153.50
159.00

A
MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S
R E T A IL TRADE ------

3HINE

38.5
39.0
38.5
40.0

F I L E CLERKS -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

132.50
139.00
131.00
170.00

A -----------------------

39.0
38.5
3 8.5

131.00
129.50

F I L E CLERKS. CLASS C ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

38.5
38.5
40.0

122.50
123.50
141.00

MESSENGERS ---------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

38.5
38.0

138.50
136.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

39.0
39.0

174.50
165.00

SWITCHBOARD O PE R ATO R-R ECE PTI ON IS TS MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

39.0
39.0
39.0
39.0

164.00
165.00
163.00
176.00

ORDER CLERKS -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

39.5
39.5
39.5

160.50
159.00
162.50

40.0
40.0

155.00
150.00
161.00

214.50

40.0

243.00

BIL L IN G- M AC H IN E

BILLERS!

nonm an ufactu ring:

PUBLIC

UTILITIES

32

40.0

243.00

305
206
99

39.0
39.0
39.0

195.50
198.00
190.00

1.3 6 5
547
818
131
124

------

39.0
39.5
39.0
40.0
38.5

164.00
169.50
160.00
198.50
1 5 6 .5 0

191.00
190.50

39.5
39.0
39.5

39.5

32

U TILITIE S

177.00

F IL E CLERKS. CLASS B ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

53

BIL LER S -----------

no nm an ufactu ring:

PUBLIC

FILE

CLERKS.

CLASS

7

ORDER CLERKS. CLASS A --------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------ORDER CLERKS. CLASS B --------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

211.00

2 3 6 .5 0

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




Number
of
workers

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
WOMEN— CONTINUED
$
166.50
178.00
159.00

212.00

2 2 9 .0 0
192.00
259.00

Sex , 3 oc cup ati on , and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Weekly
Weekly
earnings1
hours*
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

$
1 5 0 .0 0

246
134

ORDER CLERKS -----MANUFACTURING

CLERKS.

Sex , 3 oc c u p a ti o n , and i n d u s t ry d i v i s i o n

MEN

MESSENGERS ------------------------------------

ACCOUNTING

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

Average
(mean2)

Average
(mean2)

7

9
7

MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUFACTURING

MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING - PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S
R ET AI L TRADE -----KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS
MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING —

A ------

533
188
345

39.0
39.5
39.0

167.00
1 7 7 .0 0
162.00

CLASS

B -----

832
359
473
117
75

39.5
39.5
39.0
40.0
39.0

162.00
165.50
159.00
195.50
139.00

168
70
98

39.5
40.0
39.0

372.50
399.50
3 5 3 .0 0

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS.
MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S
R E T A IL TRADE ------

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

I B U S I N E S S ) -------------MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUFACTURING

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex
in1
Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky.—Ind., July 1978— Continued
Average
(mean2)
Se x, 3 oc cu pa tio n,

and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number

al

worker!

PROFESSIONAL
OCCUPATIONS -

Weekly
houn
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

COMPUTER OPERATORS -

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S I N E S S ) - CONTINUED
COHPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) • CLASS A -------NONMANUFACTURING -------------COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS B -------COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) ----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) ,
CLASS A -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) ,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------COMPUTER OPERATORS -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

Sex , 3 o c cu p a t io n , and i n d u s t ry d i v i s i o n

90
55

71

39.0
38.0

40.0

$
403.50
390.50

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A --------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

118
80

39.0
39.0

$
2 8 8 .5 0
2 9 2 .0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B --------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

167
79

39.5
39.5
39.0

2 4 2 .5 0
261.50
2 2 6 .0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C --------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

101

69

39.5
40.0

1 9 0 .5 0
184.00

DRAFTERS -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

987
874
113

39.5
39.5
39.5

2 5 4 .0 0
2 5 7 .5 0
2 2 7 .5 0

DRAFTERS, CLASS A ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

337
296

39.5
39.5

2 9 9 .5 0
3 0 1 .0 0

39.0
39.5
38.5

311.50
306.00
314.00

117
81

38.5
38.5

342.50
347.50

and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Weekly
Weekly
earnings1
hours r
(standard) (standard)

39.5
39.5

2 5 4 .0 0
2 5 4 .0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) ----NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) ,
CLASS B ----------------------------------------------

125
95

39.0
39.0

277.50
278.00

64

39.0

301.00

2 50

226.00
227.50
225.50

129
90

39.0
38.5

295.00
296.50

DRAFTERS, CLASS B ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

383
362

386
149
237

39.5
39.5
39.0

243.00
254.00
236.00

DRAFTERS, CLASS C ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

40.0
212
163 . 4 0 . 0

8

2 0 7 .5 0
219. 00 .

COMPUTER OPERATORS ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

182

39.5
39.5
39.5

A ---------

55

39.5

301.50

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B --------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

151
119

39.0
39.0

202.50
197.00

DRAFTERS --------------------------------------------------

88

343.50

262
80
182

Sex, 3 occ up atio n,

Number
of
workers

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

CONTINUED

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




Weekly
Weekly
hours1
earnings1
(standard) (standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

AND TECHNICAL
HEN— CONTINUED

Average
(mean2)

Average
(mean2)
Number
of
workers

50

40.0

216.00

99

39.5
40.0

273.50
275.50

COMPUTER OPERATORS,

CLASS

REGISTERED IN D U S T RI AL NURSES ----------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

68

86

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky.—Ind., July 1978
H ourly earn ings

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

N um ber
of
w orkers

M ean 2

M e d ia n 2

*

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f —

M idd le range 2

t
$
*
4.20 4.40 4.60
U nder
and
*
u n d er
4.20
4.40 4.60 4.80

*
4.80

%

5.00

S
5.20

s
5.40

t
5.60

1

5.80

1

6.40

7.20

*
7.60
-

%

6.80

8.00

*
8.40

*
8.80

*
9.20

-

*

-

-

1
S
$
*
9.6010. 0010.4010.80

and

-

-

-

-

-

6.00

6.40

6.80

7 .20

7.60

8.00

8.40

8.80

9.20

1

1

9

18
3

20

-

2
2

10

-

3
3

14
14

15
15

9
9

66
66

51
50

64
64

156
156

103

113
109

53
40

50
50

-

8

-

12
12

2
2

16
16

-

3

4

20
20

7
7

-

_

_

-

-

-

in

-

-

5.20

5.40

5.60

5.80

_

7

21

-

o
o

-

7
7

-

6.00

-

-

-

9 .6 0 1 0 .0 0 1 0 . 4010.80 o v e r

ALL WORKERS
MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS ----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

117
93

$
7.78
7.88

$
7 . 49
8.07

$
6.927.2 6 -

$
8 .6 0
8.60

MAINTENANCE EL EC TR IC IA N S ------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

852
808

7.95
7.99

7.87
7.87

7.3 4 7.3 4 -

8. 9 8
8.98

MAINTENANCE PAINTE RS --------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

“
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

2
2

9

1

-

14
14

_

18
18

36
35

7.33
7 . 34

6.4 5 6.5 2 -

8.60
8.60

MAINTENANCE MACHINISTS ----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

395
379

7.56
7.59

7.60
7. 60

6 * 8 **-

6 .44-

8.07
8.07

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (M ACH IN ERY ) MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

902
878

7.43
7.41

6.98
6.90

6 .436.4 3 -

8.55
8 .5 5

-

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR VE HI CLE S) --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

701
193
508
420

8.62
7.62
9.00
9.26

9 . 10
7.52
9. 48
9. 48

7 .856.1 6 8.4 1 9.10-

9 .4 8
9 .1 5
9. 68
9. 6 8

-

MAINTENANCE P I P E F I T T E R S --------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

521
521

8.23
8.23

8.07
8.07

7.4 9 7.4 9 -

9.20
9.20

WORKERS -----

54

8.28

7 . 60

7.5 2 -

MILLWRIGHTS --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

375
375

8.45
8 . 45

9 . 43
9 . 43

7 . 4 37 . 4 3-

9 .4 7
9.47

-

-

-

MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPERS --------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

157
124

6.55
6.82

6.65
6.67

5.655.8 7 -

8.21
8.21

-

-

“

3
3

6
6

_

-

-

-

SHEET-METAL

2

1

“
-

-

-

-

-

“

-

"
-

-

1
1

-

-

1
1

~

“

“

“

-

“

-

4
4

26
26

3
3

8

-

-

~

8

-

1

~

“

“

“

-

1

8

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

10
2

12

~

2
2

-

-

13
13

_

165
165

1

3

_

-

73
73

10
10

54
38

66
66

31
31

56
56

5
5

44
44

42
42

125
125

193
193

57
57

153
153

2
2

16

124
117

4
4

10
10

130
130

_

5
5

52
52

12
12

55
51
4
4

49

55

20
_

i i

54
23

20
10

172
36
136
136

6

1

108
27
81
81

140

_

49

“

17
13
4
4

140
140

6
6

23
23

51
51

140
140

24
24

22
22

15
15

56
56

170
170

-

-

20

-

1

2

-

22

-

-

-

1
1

58
58

52
52

65
65

-

-

-

193
193

_

_

_

8
8

-

-

42
42

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

12
12

4
4

117
117

6
6

_

_

_

_

-

2
2

-

155
155

14
14

9
9

25
25

37
37

41
41

_

9

~
“

~

-

-

-

7.64
7.64

7.60
7.60

6.6 2 6.6 2 -

8.76
8. 7 6

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ----------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

564
564

8.20
8.20

8 .3 1
8 .3 1

6. 886 . 88-

197
186

8.26
8.37

7 . 98
7.98

7.4 9 7.5 5 -

9.52
9.55

-

BOILER TENDERS --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

209
196

7.46
7.59

7 . 51
7.55

6.2 5 6.4 9 -

8.39
8 .8 3

-

4

-

-

5
5

14
14

16
8

33
30

13
13

40
40

51
51

19
19

31
31

196
196

134
134

36
36

61
61

149
149

20

11

27
27

47
47

5
5

24
24

22
22

17
17

9. 64
9 .6 4

STATIO NAR Y ENGINEERS --------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

-

6
6

22
22

~

506
506

~

“

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-r

18
5

-

-

-

a t end o f t a b le s .




1

-

11

20
20

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS (TOOLROOM) MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

S e e fo o tn o te s

_

2

"

9
7

9.47

MAINTENANCE

102

13
13

9

109

7.58
7.71

120

18

9

i

-

8
8

-

1
1

43
39

4

16
14

20

19

“

-

11
11

~

_

11
11

_

-

_

_
-

_
_
_

_

-

-

-

-

5
5

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky.—Ind., July 1978
Hourly earnings 4
N
O ccu p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

•Number o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a rn i n g s o f —

of
workers

2.60
Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

$
3.00

$
3.20

$
3.40

t

$
3.80

*
4.60

t
5.00

$
5.40

S
5.80

$
7 . 00

$
7 .40

$
7.80

8.20

S
8.60

t

6.20

s
6.60

$

4.00

S
4.20

$

3.60

9.00

$
9.40

3.00

3.20

3.40

3.60

3.80

4.00

4.20

4.60

5.00

5.40

5.80

6.20

6.60

7.00

7.40

7 .80

8.20

8.60

9.00

9.40

9.8010.20

19

114

90
41
49

195
51
144

119
99

85
59
26

179
169

90
80
10

-

27
24
3
-

192
-

2 04
90
114
30

308
47
261
260

784

10
10

207
35
172
-

204

114

7
7
~

16
16

19

36
35

17
17

_

_

_

_

5

-

-

-

-

7
7

4
4

46
46

28
28

13
13

1
1

2
2

_

39
39

160
-

10

9
9

$

$
9.80

and
u n de r
2.80

ALL

S
2.80

11

%

t

WORKERS
$
7.97
6.51
8.36
9.20

$
8.99
6.36
9 . 10
9 . 10

$
6.785.7 2 8.099.10-

$
9.14
7.24
9.48
9.48

253
95

8.00

9 . 48
5.97

6.005.00-

9.48
6.19

-

5.75

TRUCKDRIVERS. MEDIUM TRUCK ---MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

357
205

5.62
6.06

5.00
6.23

3 .825.00-

6.72
6.85

-

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK -----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

388
151

7 .52
7.75

7.22
8.40

7.226.78-

8.40
8.40

TRUCKDRIVERS. TR ACT OR-TRAILER
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------

1.0 9 8
213
885
461

8.38
6.43
8.85
9.49

9 . 32
9. 48
9 . 48

8 .095 .978 .209 .48-

9.48
6.36
9.48
9.48

SHIPPERS ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

182
154

5.68
5.59

5.50
5 . 46

5 .155.05-

6.46
5.75

-

RECEIVERS -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

406
330
76

5.86
5.94
5.54

6.09
6.09

6.13
6.13
6.37

-

6.00

5.605.854.24-

SHIPPERS AND RECEIVERS ---------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

210

5.24
5.25

4.90
5 . 28

4 .784.69-

5.95
5.95

-

WAREHOUSEMEN -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------R E TA IL TRADE
------------------------

1.241
373

6. 11

6 . 17

5.96
6.17
5.48

6 . 50

4. 94

6.98
6.17
6.98
6.64

-

868
88

5 .485 .605 .114 .21-

ORDER F I L L E R S ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

1.254
593
661

5.58
5.65
5.52

5.37
5.37
5. 24

4 .905 .314.6 0 -

6.27
6.00
6.27

S HI P P IN G P A C K E R S ---------------------------MANUF ACT URI NG -----------------------—
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

1.4 7 7
1.0 3 8
439

4.88
4.98
4.63

4 . 87
4. 87
4. 50

4.504 .854 .5 0 -

MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS --------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------

2.602
1.723
879
328

5.83
5.66
6.18
9.24

5.49
5.60
5 . 15
9 . 43

FOR KLIF T OPERATORS -----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONM ANUF ACTURIN 6 ----------------------

1.638
1.4 0 6
232

6.39
6.31
6 . 87

6.01

POWER-TRUCK OPERATORS
(OTHER THAN F O R K L I F T ) ----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

125
51

7 .13
6.44

TRUCKDRIVERS ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------

3.4 6 3
737
2.726
1.791

TRUCKDRIVERS. LIGHT TRUCK -----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

161

6 . 36

5.96

-

~

-

7
7

-

“

-

~

“

~

2

7
7

-

17

”

96

7
7

15
15

-

-

31
24

16
16

7
7
30
30

7
7
12
12

14

26
12

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

36

14
14
“

39
39

6
6

40
33

50
50

8
6

1
1

38
26

202

12

29
26
3

32
25

6
6

45
45

84

165
73
92
4

170
170

37
34
3

107
107
_

-

8

~

“

“

~

“

“

-

1
1

-

4
4

2
1

21
21

-

“

“

1
1

2

16

6
6

11
11

9
7

2

“

16

~

"

2

-

4
4

2
2

-

88

_

15
15

-

-

-

1

47
14
33
33

176
35
141
15

80

130
40
90

340

23
57
265
73
192

596
515
81

175
76
99

258
258

26
24

“

2

265
25 3

116
70
46

147

298
298

116
82
34

-

-

~
-

-

-

”
~
-

9

~

“

5.24
5.56
4.90

9
9

3
3

4.124 .433.909.43-

6.99
6.65
9.43
9.43

2
1
1

7.22
7.18
7.22

-

5.91
7 . 10

5 .325 .326.45-

7.60
6.77

6 .985.97-

21
21

9

“

-

54

7.60
6.98

12
12

“
89
9
80

54

3
7

6

58
28
30

34
15
19

28
28
“

37
3
34

10

6

1
1
1
1

54
15
39

“

28
18

19
7

10

12

217

2 75
251
24

6
211

52

12

12

72
"
211

129

110

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

"

____

10

2
2

15
15

117
109
8

52
37
15

106
106

37

269
260
9

219

7
7

221

192

89

-

-

15
7

18
9

-

55
31
24

16
9
7

197
5

4
4

12
6

3
3

175
32
143
3

183

_
187
187
13

182
182

2

6
6

215
70
145
_

4
4

21
20

-

784
784

783
671

25
25

_

150

_

-

9
3

-

24

15

_
-

5

_
-

15
15

35

-

35
35

508
396

25
25
_

-

508
-

25
-

-

192
-

89
5

11
10

3
3

_

3
3

_

_

-

-

-

-

2
1

8
8

2
2

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3
11

149
17

8
2

122
2
120

80
65
15

-

42
_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

42

12
12

113
92

-

25

8

110

_
-

783
-

-

22
22

90

-

8

-

-

22
22

~

12

7

-

-

6
6

-

-

-

8

36
~

S e e fo o tn o te s a t en d o f t a b le s .




-

20

-

-

-

-

-

260
228
32
-

14
13

250
231
19
-

-

2
2

-

_
_
_

-

-

-

68

114
114

139
139

_

74

1

-

151
127
24

68
~

187
41
146

6
6

14
14

12
12

~

-

_

_

-

“

31
31

-

1
1

308

_

308
308
22

-

-

-

22

92
92
-

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky.—Ind., July 1978— Continued
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—

H ourly earn ings 4

$
2.80

$
3.00

$
3.20

$
3.40

$
3.60

t
3.80

>t.00

$
4.20

*
4.60

1 ------- $
$
5 .0 0 5.40 5 .80

$
6.20

$
6.60

*
7.00

$
7.40

*
7.80

*
8. 20

*
8.60

$
9.00

$
9.40

2 .8 0

Oc c up at io n and in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n

3.00

3.20

3.40

3.60

3.80

4.00

4.20

4.60

5.00

5.40

5.80

6.20

6.60

7.00

7 . 40 7 . 80

8.20

8.60

9.00

9.40

9.8010.20

386
386

431
431

157
15
142

8
8
“

2
2

24
22
2

40

23
9
14

39
36
3

30
28
2

24
21
3

46
19
27

42
33
9

21
20
1

49
48
1

_

_

_

40

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14

30

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

22

-

-

44
19
25

42
33
9

21
20
1

27
26
1

390
388
2

114
114

179
170
9

74
74
-

29
9
20

218
217
1

“

20

1

$
2 .6 0

of

workers

Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

*
9.80

and
und er

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
GUARDS ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------GUARDS.

CLASS

A ---------------------------------

1.447
426
1.021

$
3.79
5.85
2.94

$
2.85
5 . 86
2. 80

$
2.7 5 4.3 0 2.6 5 -

S
4 .4 4
7.20
2.85

94

5.77

6.77

3 .97-

8.08

-

386

J A N IT O R S . PORTERS. AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

4*162
1.816
2.346

4.13
5.52
3.05

3. 80
5.59
2.65

2.654.7 4 2.6 5 -

5.30
6.32
2.85

1686
38
1648

S e e fo o tn o te s

-

23

32

2

22

a t en d o f t a b le s .




16

81
65
16

431

43

380
267
113
62
2

40
40

386

4.50

213
169
44
16
6

30
10
20

4.06
7.20
2.85

2.87-

20

283
220
63
23
36

91
91

2.7 5 4.4 7 2.6 5 -

3. 50

91
31
60

149
149

2.85
5 . 86
2. 80

3.85

114
44
70

10
8
2

10
10

431

2
2
“

3.66
5.87
2.93

230

30
28
2

8
8
“

1.3 5 3
334
1.019

TRAOE ---------------------------------

39
36
3

157
15
142

GUARDS. CLASS B --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

R E T A IL

23
9
14

24
21
3

11

6

1

”

35
35
-

13
13
-

77
77

-

-

26

-

-

-

35
35
-

13
13
-

51
51
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement
and custodial workers, by sex, in Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky.—Ind., July 1978
Se x , 3 o cc u p a t io n, and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

Average
(mean2 )
hourly
earnings

Number Average
(mean2)
of
hourly
workers
earnings4

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

MAINTENANCE. TOOLROOM. AND
POWERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - HEN
MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS ----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

117
93

$
7.78
7.88

MAINTENANCE EL EC TR IC IA N S ------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

852
808

7.95
7.99

MAINTENANCE PAINTER S --------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

120
104

7.58
7.71

MAINTENANCE MACHINISTS ----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

395
379

7.56
7.59

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MA CHINERY) MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

902
878

7.43
7.41

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR V EH IC LES ) --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

701
193
508
420

8.62
7.62
9.00
9.26

MAINTENANCE P I P E F I T T E R S --------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

521
521

8.23
8.23
C
O

0
0
<i
\

MAINTENANCE SHEET-METAL

Se x , 3 o cc u p a t io n , and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

S ex ,

oc cup ati on , and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

Average
(mean2)
hourly
earnings4

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

TRUCKORIVERS -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

3 . 4 58
737
2.721
1.786

$
7.97
6.51
8.36
9.20

FORKLIFT OPERATORS ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

TRUCKDRIVERS. LIGHT TRUCK ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

248
95

7.97
5.75

POWER-TRUCK OPERATORS
(OTHER THAN F O R K L I F T )
MANUFACTURING ---------

TRUCKDRIVERS. MEDIUM TRUCK ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

357
205

5.62
6.06

GUARDS ----------------MANUFACTURING

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

3 88
151

7.52
7.75

TRUCKDRIVERS. TRACTO R-TR AILER ----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

1 . 0 98
213
885
4 61

8.38
6.43
8.85
9.49

SHIPPERS -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

174
153

5.70
5.59

RECEIVERS -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

3 78
309
69

5.92
5.99
5.58

WORKERS -----

54

MILLWRIGHTS -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

375
375

8.45
8.45

SHIPPERS AND RECEIVERS ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

1 88
139

157
124

6.55
6.82

WAREHOUSEMEN -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------R E T A IL TRADE --------------------------------

1.219
3 58
861
88

6.11
5.93
6.18
5.48

125
51

7.13
6.44

1.215
399

CLASS A

$
6.<12
6.34
6.87

3.91
5.85

86

5.84

1.129
315

3 .76
5.84

2.942
1 . 5 76

4.46
5.56

131
199

4.68
3.93

ORDER F I L L E R S :
MANUFACTURING

80

5.24

SHI PPI NG PACKERS
MANUFACTURING

732
569

4.90
4 .99

GUARDS. CLASS B MANUFACTURING ---J ANI TO RS . PORTERS. AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------nonm anufacturing:
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------R ET AI L TRADE ---------------------------------

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

5.36
5.42

MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPERS --------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

GUARDS.

1.575
1.343
232

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS (TOOLROOM) MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

506
506

7.64
7.64

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

563
563

8.20
8 . 20

ORDER F I L L E R S ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

865
513
3 52

5.95
5.71
6.29

STATIONARY ENGINEERS --------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

197
186

8.26
8.37

S H IP P IN G PACKERS ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

745
469

4.85
4.97

7.46
7.59

MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS --------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

2. 471
1.628
8 43
328

5.85
5.63
6.28
9.24

BOILER TENDERS --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------




S ee fo o tn o te s

209
196

at end o f ta b le s .

12

MATERIAL

HANDLING

LABORERS

FORKLIFT OPERATORS ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------JA NI T O RS . PORTERS. AND CLEANERS:
MANUFACTURING----------------------------------nonm anufactu ring:
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

110

5.38

63
63

5.80
5.80

231

5.29

50

3.93

Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings, adjusted for employment shifts.
for selected occupational groups in Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky.—Ind., for selected periods
In d u s tr y and o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p 5

F e b r u a r y 1972 F e b r u a r y 1973 F e b r u a r y 1974
to
to
to
F e b r u a r y 1973 F e b r u a r y 1974 F e b r u a r y 1975

F eb ru ary
M a rch
13-m o n th
in c r e a s e

1975 to
1976
A n n u a l r a te
o f in c r e a s e

M a r c h 1976 to
J u ly 1977
1 b -m o n th
A n n u a l r a te
o f in c r e a s e
in c r e a s e

J u ly 1977
to
J u ly 1978

A l l in d u s t r ie s :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l _________________________
E le c t r o n ic d a ta p r o c e s s i n g _________
In d u s t r ia l n u r s e s _____________________
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s ________
U n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s ____________

( 6)
4.5
6.0
5.8

6.7
( 6)
7.2
7.3
7.6

9.1
10.1
10.4
10.2
11.7

8.8
7.4
10.7
8.7
10.4

8.1
6.8
9.8
8.0
9.6

9.1
9.6
10.3
12.611.7

6.8
7.1
7.6
9.3
8.7

6.9
7.2
8.7
8.2
9.1

M a n u f a c tu r in g :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l _________________________
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s i n g _________
In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s _____________________
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s _________
U n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s _____________

5.3

7.0

9.3
7.2
11.2
8.9
9.9

8.6
6.6
10.3
8.2
9.1

7.3

7.4

( 6)
7.6
7.1
8.1

8.9
9.5
11.0
10.6
10.6

9.9

( 6)
4.6
5.5
6.1

( 6)
11.2
12.2
11.9

( 6)
8.3
9.0
8.8

( 6)
8.4
8.1
8.3

5.1

5.9

(‘)
( 6)
5.2

(? )
( 6)
6.7

9.4
10.7

8.4
7.6

7.7
7.0

8.4
9.7

6.2
7.2

6.3
6.6

( 6)
14.2

( 6)
11.4

( 6)
10.5

( 6)
11.4

( 6)
8.4

( 6)
10.6




N o n m a n u f a c tu r in g :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l _________________________
E le c t r o n ic d a ta p r o c e s s i n g _________
In d u s t r ia l n u rs e s _____________________
U n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s ____________

See fo o tn o te s

5.2

at end o f t a b le s .

13

Table A-8. Weekly earnings of office workers—large establishments in Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky.—Ind., July 1978
Weekly earnings^™

O cc u p a ti o n and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—
*

Average
weekly
(standard'

$

Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

S

$

*

$

$

$

$

$

*

$

$

2 30

240

260

280

300

320

340

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

200

210

220

230

240

260

280

3 00

320

340

172
87
85
32

168
90
78
27

142
80
62
20

139
99
40
7

167
112
55
12

133
75
58
11

234
180
54
28

141
90
51
25

119
111
8
5

69
46
23
-

42
37
5
1

14
14
-

150

160

170

180

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

6
6
“

25
11
14
4

56
7
49
8

86
41
45
10

125
41
84
18

119
41
78
15

120

*

*

220

140

3

$
110

$

S

$
210

130

and
u n d er

$

S
200

120

110

190

360
and

360 o v e r

ALL WORKERS
SECRETARIES -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------RETA IL TRADE --------------------------------

1.978
1.176
802
225

39.0
39.0
38. 5
38. 0

$
221.00
233.50
202.50
207.00

$
$
$
215.00 1 8 3 .5 0 - 2 5 0 .0 0
228.00 1 9 8 .0 0 - 2 6 5 .0 0
195.00 1 6 9 .5 0 - 2 3 0 . 0 0
2 0 0 .0 0 1 7 9 . 0 0 - 2 4 5 . 0 0

“

3
2

-

18
14
4
-

A -----------------------

77

38. 0 259 .5 0

252.00

226.00-272.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

1

4

6

9

7

16

15

5

3

1

-

7

SECRETARIES. CLASS B ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

340
114
226

38.5 228.00
39. 0 257.50
3 8.0 213.50

2 2 0 .0 0
243.00
2 0 4 .0 0

1 9 1 .00-259.00
212.50-295.50
184.00 -2 4 1 .5 0

-

-

2

6
6

7

12
12

41
12
29

34
2
32

31
11
20

21
10
11

35
15
20

17
4
13

38
14
24

29
4
25

16
15
1

18
9
9

11
10
1

2
2

2

10
10

7
-

-

4
4

6
6
“

SECRETARIES. CLASS C ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

5 36
302
234

39. 0 222.00
3 9.0 240.00
39.0 198.00

214.50
245.00
185.50

180.50 -2 5 6 .5 0
206.00-274.00
169.00-215.00

-

2

3
-

-

2

3

4
4

12
2
10

18
3
15

33
7
26

46
9
37

56
25
31

36
14
22

44
26
18

29
19
10

35
22
13

20
17
3

69
56
13

53
42
11

31
28
3

34
22
12

9
9
”

“

2
1
1

SECRETARIES. CLASS D ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

512
360
152

39. 0 203.50
38. 5 216.50
3 9 .0 172.50

198.50
213.50
165.00

168.00 -2 2 7 .5 0
189.5 0 -2 3 2 .0 0
151.00-180.00

-

1
-

3
-

29
~

60
23
37

34
12
22

52
41
11

52
41
11

35
32
3

41
37

51
49
2

35
34
1

39
36
3

9
8
i

7
7
-

5
5
“

3
3
“

12
12
“

3
3

SECRETARIES.

CLASS

-

-

1
1

1

3

29

40
20
20

E -----------------------

67

39.5

239.00

238.00

229.50-244.50

-

-

-

1

-

-

1

-

4

5

-

i

7

31

4

4

5

3

1

-

-

STENOGRAPHERS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

794
545
249
137

38.5
38.5
39.5
40.0

199.00
198.00
201.50
240.00

191.00
19 0 .0 0
2 0 7 .5 0
242.00

1 6 9 .0 0-218.00
172.50-210.00
150.00 -2 4 2 .0 0
216.00-247.50

-

2

11

19

2
"

11
“

19

33
6
27
4

71
46
25
2

79
68
ii
3

79
70
9
i

79
71
8
1

94
86
8
4

70
60
10
8

68
43
25
24

38
36
2
2

34
17
17
13

49
3
46
46

3
2
1
1

10
1
9
9

41
23
18
18

14
13
1
1

-

-

-

-

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

452
159
84

3 8.5 188.00
39. 5 198.00
40.0 239.50

175.50
1 9 5 .0 0
216.00

159.00 -1 9 7 .0 0
1 4 7 .0 0-225.50
211.50-295.50

-

2
2
“

5
5
“

19
19
“

26
20
4

62
17
2

70
6
3

71
3
-

53
6
1

37
8
4

20
8
6

26
25
24

_

-

3
1
1

10
9
9

35
18
18

1
1
1

_
-

_
-

-

12
11
11

-

-

STENOGRAPHERS. SENIOR --------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------------

342
252
90

39 . 0 2 1 3 . 5 0
39. 0 215.00
39.5 208.00

209.00
208.00
242.00

1 9 1.50-232.00
195.00-222.50
162.00-242.00

-

-

6

-

7
7

9
1
8

9
4
5

8
2
6

26
24
2

57
57

42
42

38
36
2

22
16
6

49
3
46

_
-

_
-

13
13

-

-

SECRETARIES.

CLASS

“

4

_
-

-

"

50
48
2

-

-

6
6
“

-----------

75

38.0

158.00

150.50

140.00-162.00

-

-

5

12

15

20

8

2

1

3

1

1

5

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

T YP IS T S ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

673
201
472
63

39. 0
39. 0
39.0
40. 0

152.50
172.00
144.00
187.50

1 4 3 .5 0
171.00
135.50
175.50

130.0 0 -1 7 0 .5 0
156.00-188.50
125.0 0 -1 5 1 .0 0
170.5 0 -2 0 3 .0 0

1

55
4
51

102
11
91
i

146
11
1 35
8

76
12
64
2

61
22
39
2

50
32
18
-

63
29
34
30

50
41
9
-

34
23
11
4

5
2
3
2

6
5
1

7
1
6
6

3
1
2
2

4
3
1
-

3
2
1
1

5
2
3
3

2
~
2
2

-

-

-

-

“

~

T Y P I S T S . CLASS A ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

291
150
141
41

39.
38.
39.
40.

0
5
0
0

167.00
176.00
157.50
186.50

169.50
172.00
153.00
177.50

145.0 0 -1 8 4 .5 0
1 6 0 .00-191.00
130.00 -1 7 7 .5 0
170.50 -1 9 7 .0 0

9
9
”

30
5
25
“

18
7
11

28
19
9

34
29
5
“

60
27
33
30

26
19
7

33
23
10
4

5
2
3
2

3
1
2
2

2
2

3
2
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

3
1
2
2

4
3
1

~

27
5
22
“

~

“

T Y P I S T S . CLASS B ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------------

382
51
331

39.5
39.5
39.0

141.00
160.00
138.00

135.50
163.00
135.50

125.00 -1 4 7 .5 0
136.00 -1 8 6 .5 0
125.00 -1 4 3 .5 0

72
6
66

128
4
124

49
7
42

33
3
30

16
3
13

3
2
1

24
22
2

1
1

-

_

_

2
~

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

2

-

4
4

_

1

46
4
42

2

2

F IL E CLERKS -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUF A C T U R I N 6 -----------------------------

208
52
156

39. 0 138.50
3 9 .5 154.50
3 8.5 133.50

129.50
157.50
12 0 . 0 0

1 1 3 .50-142.50
128.00-181.00
112.0 0 -1 3 8 .0 0

*29
6
23

58
5
53

19
5
14

43
4
39

10
5
5

5
1
4

11
6
5

6
5
1

11
10
1

3

3
3

1
1

2

2
2

_

1

2
2

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE

*

TYPISTS

W o rk e rs w e r e at

S e e fo o tn o te s

$100 to

6

~

1

-

~
-

1

$110.

at end o f ta b le s .




14

-

3

1
1

-

~

6
5
i

-

2

1

“

-

-

~

1
1

-

-

-

-

Table A-8. Weekly earnings of office workers—large establishments in Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky.—Ind., July 1978— Continued
Weekl ^arnlngs^™
(standard)
O c c u p a t io n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

umber
of
oiken

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard]

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly earning
s

$
Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

Under
1in

110
,
and
u n de r
120

$
120

$
130

$
180

$
150

$

%

160

170

of—

I
180

S
190

200

$

%

210

220

$

$

$
2 30

280

260

$
280

$
300

*
320

$
380

360
and

130

180

150

160

170

180

190

200

21 0

220

3

1

2

1

2

2

-

-

280

3 00

1

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

230

"

"

-

2

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

• -

280

260

320

380

360 o v e r

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
F ILE

CLERKS -

FILE
FILE

CLERKS.
CLERKS.

CONTINUED
CLASS
CLASS

A -----------------------

50

39.0

178.00

16 6 .5 0

$
$
180.50-198.50

B -----------------------

77

39.5

136.00

1 3 8 .0 0

1 2 0 .00-138.00

3

3

5

3

7

8

8

6

10

35

1

-

3

2

7

-

-

1

2
2

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

~

“

3

-

3

“

110.00-118.00
1 1 0.00-117.00

17
11

86
81

6
6

5
8

8

39. 0 147.00
3 8 .5 146.00

1 8 3 .5 0 1 2 8 . 5 0 - 1 5 7 . 0 0
1 8 2 .0 0 1 1 6 . 0 0 - 1 5 8 . 0 0

2
2

28
27

9
2

19
13

39
28

19
6

8
6

8
i

9
8

-

1
1

-

-

90
56

39.0
38.5

185.50
179.50

18 1 .0 0
1 6 7 .5 0

1 8 8.50-213.00
1 3 3.00-201.00

~

6
6

9
8

4
3

5
2

4
2

8
8

7
3

8
6

8
3

7
2

2

5

1

-

-

-

SWITCHBOARD O P E R AT O R- RE C EP TI O N IS T S-

52

39.5

179.50

1 7 2 .5 0

1 5 0.50-195.00

-

-

1

-

8

8

6

6

6

6

2

4

1

1

1

1

-

1

-

-

-

ORDER CLERKS ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

300
207

39.5
39.5

196.00
206.50

1 8 4 .0 0 1 6 8 . 0 0 - 2 2 9 . 0 0
2 1 1 .5 0 1 8 0 . 5 0 - 2 3 7 . 5 0

-

-

2
2

17
15

9
9

6
6

88
2

16
16

59
18

21
21

13
13

18
18

18
18

28
28

81
81

4

_

_

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

ORDER CLERKS. CLASS B --------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

231
138

39.5
39.0

1 9 5 .0 0
210.00

18 0 .0 0
2 1 6 .0 0

168.00-226.50
1 8 3.50-238.50

-

-

2
2

6
4

9
9

5
5

48
2

10
10

51
6

7
7

10
10

18
18

10
10

22
22

32
32

1
1

_

-

-

-

-

-

ACCOUNTING CLERKS --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------R E T A I L TRADE ---------------------------------

6 89
392
387
160

39.0
39. 0
39. 0
39.0

186.50
200.00
173.50
186.50

1 7 7 .0 0
19 2 .5 0
1 68 .0 0
1 8 2 .5 0

1 5 0 .5 0-213.00
158.50-232.50
188.5 0 -1 9 8 .0 0
163.0 0 -2 0 3 .0 0

31
15
16
3

71
27

73
32
81
20

56
15
81
27

65
36
29
17

83
19
28
19

63
35
28
10

89
21
28
22

26
18
8
8

38
18
16

19
15
4
8

82
28
18
8

28
12
12
7

20
20
-

9
9
~

3
3
“

3
3
”

-

87
11
36
-

-

4

4

2
2
“

13
7
6
“

18
11
7
2

23
8
15
11

18
3
11
7

27
6
21
8

20
8
16
12

11
8
7
7

19
13
6

32
19
13
8

15
8
7
7

18
18

9

3
3

3
3
“

-

-

19
8
15
7

7
7

4
8

6
6

-

F I L E CLERKS. CLASS C ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

81
65

MESSENGERS ----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

148
100

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

38.5
38.5

117.00
116.50

1 1 4 .0 0
1 1 4 .0 0

6
12

~
-

*
-

-

n

4

“

~
“

8
~

4

1 8 3 .00-192.50
150.50-200.50
1 3 9 .50-173.00
1 5 8 .0 0 -1 8 5 .0 0

-

11
5
6

83
11
32

27
13
18
3

58
20
38
11

55
21
38
18

37
11
26
20

82
28
18
6

29
16
13
12

36
29
7
2

29
17
12
10

18
13
1
1

15
5
10
-

5
8
1
1

1 9 7 .0 0
2 1 0 .0 0

163.50-283.00
1 7 0 .00-262.00

-

2
2

5
2

8
2

11
6

8
2

9
8

18
8

9
3

12
10

8
5

9
7

5
5

4
2

1 6 0 .0 0
1 7 8 .0 0
1 5 6 .0 0
1 6 8 .0 0

1 8 0.50-180.50
1 5 1.50-196.50
1 3 7.00-170.00
1 3 8 .50-188.00

5
1
8
8

33
5
28
8

63
8
55
6

103
28
75
11

100
32
68
6

119
35
84
8

118
27
87
14

100
83
57
12

63
38
25
8

53
31
22
8

17
10
7
6

20
17
3
3

19
15
"

13
5
8
1

-

-

38
5
29

33
6
27

85
18
31

58
16
82

87
3
88

89
8
85

29
10
19

26
8
22

9
6
3

18
11
3

33
5
28

29
3
26

70
22
88

55
18
37

61
19
82

67
28
83

51
39
12

38
28
6

27
27

8
4
4

6

259
126
133
76

39.0
39.5
38. 5
38.5

211.50
230.00
193.50
205.00

2 0 3 .5 0
230.00
1 9 1 .5 0
202.50

1 7 3.00-285.50
180.0 0 -2 7 1 .0 0
169.0 0 -2 1 8 .0 0
177.50-223.50

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------R E T A IL TRADE ---------------------------------

818
210
208
84

39.0
39.0
39. 0
39.5

169.50
181.00
158.00
169.50

1 6 5 .5 0
1 7 8 .5 0
1 5 8 .0 0
1 6 7 .5 0

PAYROLL CLERKS --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

135
89

39.5
39.5

205.50
218.50

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------R E T A IL TRADE ---------------------------------

8 52
308
588
93

39. 0
39.5
39. 0
38.0

165.50
179.50
157.50
165.00

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS A ------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

377
105
272

39. 0 172.00
39.5 196.50
39. 0 162.50

1 6 3 .0 0 1 8 5 . 0 0 - 1 8 3 . 5 0
18 6 .0 0 1 5 2 . 0 0 - 2 1 9 . 0 0
16 0 . 0 0 1 8 8 . 5 0 - 1 7 6 . 0 0

-

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS B ------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

875
203
272

39 . 0 1 6 0 . 0 0
3 9 . 5 1 7 1 .0 0
39. 0 152 .0 0

1 5 6 .5 0
1 7 2 .5 0
1 8 7 .0 0

5
1
4

137.00-176.00
1 5 0 .50-188.00
130.00 -1 6 8 .0 0

-

~

a t end o f ta b le s .




44

11
8
3
3

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------R E T A I L TRADE ---------------------------------

S e e fo o tn o te s

11
5
6

15

6

4

3
3
-

16
1
15

10
5
5
3

2

3
2

~
4

6

13
11

2
2

10
9

5
1

1
1

8
-

2
2

4

1
1

-

1

-

6
6

7

-

-

3

'

9

“

“
-

~
~

3

4
-

4

-

-

“
~

-

~

3

13
11

~

“
“

~

4
8

3
3

3
3

1
1

6
5
1
1

7
7
”

-

-

“

“

6
5
1

7
7

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

”

-

-

Table A-9. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers—large establishments
Ind., July 1978
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
O cc u p a ti o n and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

ALL

Number
of
workera

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard'

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a rn i n g s

S

%

Mean2

Medan*

Middle range 2

150
Under
and
$
und er
150
160

$

160

$
170

S

s

180

190

s

200

*

210

1 -----1 -----

S

$
220

240

260

280

$

$
3 20

i
340

*

*
360

380

$
400

s

420

$
460

500
and

190

200

500 o v e r

260

280

300

320

340

3 60

380

4 00

420

460

2

13

2

13

11
2
9

10
2

4

210

240

16
1
15

25
10
15

29
12
17

24
8
16

24
5
19

13
6
7

20
9
11

7
5
2

2
1

180

220

4

170

6
2

11
8

19
14

20
18

10
7

15
11

5
2

2

WORKERS

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B US IN ES Sl -------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------

2 06
89
137

39.5
40.0
39.0

$
358.50
392.00
339.00

$
354.50
3 6 9 .0 0
345.50

$
$
315.50-391.50
343.50-445.50
294.50 -3 8 1 .0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) * * CLASS A --------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

95
83

39.0
38.5

399.00
389.00

384.00
384.00

365.50-429.50
368.00-409.00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS B -------NONHANUFACTURING ---------------

98
81

40.0
40.0

328.00
303.50

331.00
3 0 9 .0 0

288.0 0 -3 4 6 .5 0
269.00 -3 3 6 .0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S IN E S S ) —
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

319
58
283

39.0
39.5
38.5

303.50
320.50
300.00

2 9 0 .5 0
3 1 8 .0 0
288.50

245.00-372.50
277.00 -3 5 4 .0 0
237.5 0 -3 7 5 .0 0

“

_
_
“

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS A --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

130
95

38.5
38.5

333.00
332.00

340.50
355.50

281.0 0 -3 7 7 .5 0
275.00-381.00

_

_

~

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) i
CLASS B ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

150
129

39.0
39.0

301.00
302.00

290.00
290.00

251.5 0 -3 7 7 .0 0
250.0 0 -3 8 4 .0 0

_
“

_
“

_
”

_
“

_

COMPUTER OPERATORS ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

4 95
180
335

39.5
39.5
39.5

247.50
257.00
243.50

237.00
238.50
238.00

198.50-279.00
208.0 0 -3 0 6 .5 0
1 8 8 .50-259.50

12

35

12

11
2
9

35

13
5
8

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS A --------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

153
117

39.5
39.0

300.50
305.50

295.00
296.50

235.50 -3 9 0 .0 0
233.00-390.00

-

_
-

3
3

COMPUTER OPERATORS.
MANUFACTURING -----NONMANUFACTURING -

211
85
126

39.5
39.5
39.5

240.00
260.50
226.50

245.50
253.50
238.50

205.50 -2 5 6 .0 0
210.50 -3 0 5 .0 0
205.50 -2 4 7 .5 0

2
2

3
2
1

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING ------------------

131
92

39.5
40.0

198.00
187.50

193.00
175.00

165.0 0 -2 2 0 .0 0
160.00-211.50

10
**10

416
385

40.0
40.0

283.50
282.00

288.00
285.50

238.00 -3 2 8 .0 0
236.5 0 -3 2 7 .5 0

DRAFTERS. CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ----

162
150

40.0
40.0

322.00
320.50

334.50
332.50

284.5 0 -3 5 7 .5 0
2 8 1 .5 0-359.50

-

DRAFTERS.

161

40.0

285.00

2 9 2 .0 0

2 5 4 .5 0-313.50

-

-

3

88
79

40.0
40.0

218.50
210.50

216.50
2 1 6 .0 0

1 9 6 .50-236.50
193.00-231.50

2
2

1
1

6
6

_

_

_

DRAFTERS -------------MANUFACTURING

CLASS B

DRAFTERS. CLASS C
MANUFACTURING ----REGISTERED IN DU STR IA L NURSES
MANUFACTURING ----------------------

*
**

300

W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r i b u t e d as fo l l o w s :
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r i b u t e d as fo l l o w s :

87
76

39.5
40.0

280.00
281.50

2 7 9 .0 0
2 8 0 .0 0

236.0 0 -2 9 8 .5 0
237.0 0 -2 9 8 .5 0

~

_
-

_
_
“

_
-

_

8
*8

7
~

_
-

_
-

_
-

1
1

12
12

9
7

8
5

13
13

17
11

18
9

5
2

4
1

3

5

~

~

11
1
10

-

6

16
2
14

31

31
4
27

33
7
26

18
8
10

17
5
12

16
8
8

26
6
20

48
2
46

9
2
6

2
2

31

40
8
32

10

6

10

”

_
—

_
_

6
6

4
4

11
8

11
9

13
9

13
6

7
3

8
4

26
20

12
10

7
6

10
10

“

3
2

2
2

6
4

17
17

21
16

20
18

20
17

5
4

10
9

8
4

36
36

2

_

_

-

"

-

_
-

32
8
24

31
14
17

36
13
23

28
12
16

59
27
32

95
18
77

20
10
10

16
6
10

16
11
5

20
18
2

9
6
3

10
4
6

48
2
46

2

1
1
-

_

3
-

_
-

3
2

9
9

_

_

12
8

8
5

10
9

7
2

9
6

46
46

-

-

8
“

_

-

24
16

4

-

10
6

“

“

5
5

<
*
2
i

12
4
8

15
7
8

26
5
21

9
2
7

26
13
13

65
13
52

10
6
4

5
5
~

12
10
2

11
9
2

-

2
2

2
2

“

~

8
8

27
27

6
*♦

11
7

16
9

10
2

9
3

9
3

18
17

2
1

1
1

-

1

2
“

1
“

-

2
2

2
2

10
9

_

12
12

5
5

12
12

17
17

47
45

46
42

37
35

45
42

56
53

47
39

37
29

22
2?

13
13

_

_

_

3

2

-

-

3

2

_

_

~

-

-

1

“

2

~
~
_
”

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

-

-

“

-

-

5
5

-

-

“
~

“

“

-

-

6 at $ 500 to $ 540; and 2 at $ 540 to $ 580.
6 at $ 130 to $ 140; and 4 at $ 140 to $ 150.

16

_

_

_

_
-

8
8

15
15

17
17

18
16

19
17

34
26

20
20

13
13

5
5

_

-

9
9

_

-

4
4

-

-

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




_

7

-

-

-

-

1

-

2

1

13

25

20

25

38

28

2

2

-

-

-

-

-

10
10

5
5

10
10

12
12

25
25

12
8

2

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

1
1

4
3

18
16

9
8

11
10

21
20

6
5

7
7

1
1

4
2

2
2

-

-

_

_
-

_

_

Table A-10. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sexlarge establishments in Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky.—Ind., July 1978
T w iir
(m ean *)

Sex, 3 occupation, an d industry division

Number
of
woikers

Weekhr
hour*1
standard)

T ----------------------------------------------

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - MEN
MESSENGERS ---------------------

69

39.5

$
151.50

ACCOUNTING CLERKS -------------MANUFACTURING ---------------

62
50

39.5
39.5

232.50
2<t6.00

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Avenge
(mean*)

Ave rage
(me an1)
Weekly
hours1
(standard)

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

hours1

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

1.978
1.176
802
225

39.0
39.0
38.5
38.0

2 2 1 .0 0
2 3 3 .5 0
2 0 2 .5 0
2 0 7 .0 0

SECRETARIES t CLASS A --------

77

28.0

2 AO
114
226

38.5
39.0
38.0

228.00
257.50
212.50

SECRE TARIES s CLASS C -------MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------

536
302
2 3**

39.0
29.0
39.0

222.00
240.00
198.00

SECRE TARIES t CLASS D -------MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------

512
2 60
152

39.0
38.5
39.0

2 0 3 .5 0
2 1 6 .5 0
172.50

SEC RE T ARIES s CLASS E --------

67

39.5

2 3 9 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS -----------------MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------

7 9*»
5*15
219
137

38.5
38.5
39.5
<)0.0

1 9 9 .0 0
1 9 8 .0 0
2 0 1 .5 0
2 4 0 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERSr GENERAL -----NONMANUFACTURING ----------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------

452
159
84

38.5
39.5
40.0

1 8 8 .0 0
1 9 8 .0 0
2 3 9 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERSr SENIOR ------MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------

342
2 52
90

39.0
39.0
39.5

2 1 3 .5 0
2 1 5 .0 0
2 0 8 .0 0

3 9.5

$
133.50

38.5
38.5

117.00
116.50

(BUSINESS) - CONTINUED
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BUSINESS). CLASS A ---NONMANUFACTURING --------

MESSENGERS --------NONMANUFACTURING

38.5
38.0

142.50
139.50

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BUSINESS). CLASS B ----

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS
NONMANUFACTURING —

39.0
38.5

185.50
179.50

3 9.5

179.50

ORDER CLERKS MANUFACTURING

39.5
39.0

178.50
183.50

39.5
38.5

178.50
185.50

ACCOUNTING CLERKS —
MANUFACTURING NONHANUFACTURING
RETAIL TRADE --

39.0
39.0
39.0
39.0

182.00
192.00
172.50
186.50

ACCOUNTING CLERKS.
MANUFACTURING -NONMANUFACTURING
RETAIL TRADE --

39.0
39.5
38.5
38.5

202.00
216.00
192.50
205.00

ACCOUNTING CLERKS.
MANUFACTURING NONMANUFACTURING
RETAIL TRADE —

39.0
39.0
39.0
39.5

168.50
178.50
158.50
170.00

PAYROLL CLERKS ---MANUFACTURING -

39.5
39.5

198.50
207.50

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS —
MANUFACTURING ---NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES
RETAIL TRADE ---

39.0
39.5
39.0
40.0
38.0

165.50
179.00
157.50
210.50
166.00

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS A --MANUFACTURING ---NONMANUFACTURING —

39.0
39.5
39.0

172.00
195.50
162.50

KEY ENTRY OPERATORSi CLASS B ---MANUFACTURING ---NONMANUFACTURING —

39.0
39.5
39.0

160.00
171.00
152.00

c

86
55

39.0
38.0

401.50
390.50

68

40.0

342.50

213
171

38.5
38.5

315.00
312.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS)i
CLASS A ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

102
76

38.5
38.5

346.50
249.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS)i
CLASS B ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

100
84

39.0
38.5

2 9 4 .5 0
2 9 2 .0 0

361
133
228

39.5
39.5
39.0

242.50
258.50
233.50

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS A
NONMANUFACTURING ----------

114
80

39.0
39.0

289.50
292.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS.
MANUFACTURING --NONMANUFACTURING -

154
72
82

39.0
39.5
39.0

240.00
265.00
217.50

93
66

39.5
40.0

190.00
181.50

406
379

40.0
40.0

284.50
282.50

■DRAFTERS. CLASS A
MANUFACTURING -

162
150

40.0
40.0

322.00
320.50

DRAFTERS. CLASS B

156

40.0

285.50

DRAFTERS. CLASS C
MANUFACTURING -

83
78

40.0
40.0

214.50
210.50

106
92

39.0
39.0

280.00
276.50

50

39.0

312.50

134
107

39.5
40.0

261.50
265.00

87
76

39.5
40.0

280.00
281.50

C

NONMANUFACTURING

259.50

SEC RE TARIES s CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------

FILE CLERKS - CONTINUED
FILE CLERKS. CLASS B -

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

SECRETARIES -------------------MANUFACTURING --------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------RETAIL TRADE --------------

Weekly
earnings3
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

FILE CLERKS. CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING —

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

Weekhr

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE TYPISTS —

75

38.0

158.00

TYPISTS -----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------

673
201
<172
63

39.0
39.0
39.0
<10.0

1 5 2 .5 0
1 7 2 .0 0
1 4 4 .0 0
187.50

TYPISTS. CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------

291
150
i m
<*i

39.0
38.5
39.0
40.0

167.00
176.00
157.50
186.50

TYPISTS. CLASS B -----------MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------

3 82
51
331

39.5
39.5
39.0

1 4 1 .0 0
1 6 0 .0 0
138.00

FILE CLERKS -------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------

199
155

39.0
38.5

137.00
133.50

ORDER CLERKS. CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ------

S ee fo o tn o te s at en d o f t a b le s .




17

MANUFACTURING NONMANUFACTURING

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING ---------MANUFACTURING

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN
NONMANUFACTURING
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS),
CLASS B -----------------------

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BUSINESS) -------------------MANUFACTURING --------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------

C

NONMANUFACTURING
39*5
39.5
39.0

371.00
398.50
353.00

MANUFACTURING -

Table A-11. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers—large establishments
in Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky.—Ind., July 1978
n
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—

H ourly earn ings
Y 'm

$
5.40

NumUr

-f

Occupation and industry division
worker!

Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

Under
S

5 .4 0

S
5.80

$

$

S
6.60

$
6.80

t
7.00

$
7.20

$
7.40

$
7.60

i
7.80

$

6.20

*
6.40

$

6.00

8.00

8.20

$
8.40

S
8.60

$
8.80

s
9.00

$
9.40

5.80

6.00

6.20

6.40

6.60

6.80

7.0D

7.20

7.40

7.60

7.80

8.00

8.20

8.40

8.60

8.80

9.00

9.40

9 .8 0 1 0 .2 0

1

1

2

8

2

13

-

-

2

-

7

2

*

5
3

16
14

4
4

3
3

-

7
7

7
7

6
6

9
9

-

15
15

9
7

-

21

15
15

-

14
13

12
12

30
30

17
17

32
32

29
28

68
68

94
94

16

14
14

31
18

22
22

28
28

165
165

_

3

12

-

-

5

3
3

17
17

-

1

2

16
16

10

1

4
4

_

-

7
7

_

“

11
11

2

1

-

-

7

1
1

24
24

23
7

_

66
66

6
6

13
13

53
53

2

_

_

_

_

_

16
16

2
2

5
5

8
8

104
104

and

$
7.84
7.96

$
7.76
8.08

$
6.937 .31-

$
8.60
8.61

739
695

8.14
8.20

8.07
8.07

7 .447.52-

M A I N T E N A N C E P A I N T E R S --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

111

96

7.75
7.88

7.33
7.75

M A I N T E N A N C E M A C H I N I S T S -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

300
284

7.48
7.50

M A I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N I C S (M A CH I N E R Y )
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

4 56
448

8.24
8.24

114
90

M A I N T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N S --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

-

4
4

9.05
9.05

-

-

6.576.78-

8.70
8.80

8
6

2
2

1

7.52
7.60

6.986.98-

8.07
8.07

_

_

-

-

“

“

8.55
8.55

7.427.42-

9.69
9.69

2
2

-

-

29
28

-

7
6

~

_

1

6

3

“

5

2

9

-

9
9

_

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTO R V E H I C L E S ) ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------

305
116
189

8.60
7.71
9.14

8.99
7.52
9.68

8.166.098 .34-

9.68
9.43
9.68

1
1

M A I N T E N A N C E P I P E F I T T E R S ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

444
444

8.27
8.27

7.98
7.98

7 .527.52-

9.43
9.43

-

-

54

8.28

7 .6 0

7.52-

M I L L W R I G H T S --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

375
375

8.45
8.45

9.43
9.43

7.437 .43-

9.47
9.47

_

_

-

6
6

-

-

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS (TOOLROOM)
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

411
411

7.87
7.87

7 .6 0
7.60

7 .337 .33-

9.53
9.53

_

-

-

“

-

27
27

TO OL AND DIE M A K E R S ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

439
439

8 .57
8.57

8.39
8.39

7 .847.84-

9.69
9.69

_

-

-

-

S T A T I O N A R Y E N G I N E E R S --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

122

8.09

9.43
9.43

-

-

8 .11

7 .557 .55-

-

118

8.30
8.35

B O I L E R T E N D E R S -------- -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

142
135

7.34
7.39

6.98
7.51

6.286.4 9 -

8.39
8.39

-

8
8

-

11

59
59

“

2
2

2
2

20
20

3

3

3

-

3

_

9.47

SHEET-METAL

S ee fo o tn o te s

over

WORKERS

M A I N T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R S -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

MAINTENANCE

$
$
9.8010.20

and
u n d er
5.60

ALL

<
5.60

WORKERS

37
37

12
12

3
3

9
9

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

2

_
-

_

_

-

-

27

2

-

44
44

80
73

-

26

22

-

-

_

44
44

_

8
8

7
7

8
8

-

56
56

-

2

18

-

-

-

1

-

2

-

-

1
1

3
3

55
55

26
26

26
26

12
12

53
53

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

_

-

12
12

23
23

1
1

10
10

182
182

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

16
16

25
25

4
4

18
18

4
4

37
37

24
24

8
8

141
141

-

-

-

-

4

1

“

“

2

“

5
4

11
11

16
16

23
23

1
1

22
22

6
2

4
4

12
10

19
18

1
1

23
23

1
1

“

18

1
1

_
-

5
5

3

_

3

_
17
17

-

128
128

_

_

-

-

22

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

14
14

31
31

_

-

-

2
2

2
2

_

8
8

22
22

-

139
36
103

38
5

131
131

_

-

33

9
9

“

-

_

17
17

_

-

-

-

_

-

27
27

3
3

-

_

130
130

9

“

12
12

-

10
10

22

1

2

-

3

at end o f t a b le s .




1
1

_

121
121

193
193
123
123

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

2

-

-

-

2

155
155

8
8

6
6

9
9

34
34

_

_

_
ii
ii

_

2

-

13
13

_
-

-

5
5

_

-

_
-

-

Table A-12. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers—large establishments
in Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky Ind., July 1978
Hourly earnings *

Oc c up at io n and in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—
$
2.60

Number
of
Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

$
7.80

8.20

$
8.60

$
9.00

$
9.40

7.00

.40

7.80

8.20

8.60

9.00

9.40

9.8010.20

10

12

-

249
-

25
-

188

*

47
47
-

-

"

17
17
-

200

10

10

25
25
-

-

249

25
_

$

$

2.00

2.20

$
3.40

!

2.80

.60

.80

t
4.00

$
4.20

4.60

$
5.00

t
5 .40

$
5 .8 0

6.20

$
6.60

3 .0 0

3.20

3.40

3.60

2.80

.00

4.20

4.60

5.00

5.40

5 .80

6 .20

6.60

3
3

69
55
14

32
6

65
55

26

!

%

5
9.80

$
7.40

$

.00

%

S

i

and
u n de r
2 .8 0

ALL WORKERS
TRUCKDRIVERS -------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------

752
2 40
512

$
8 .08
6 .83
8.66

$
8 .09
6 .40
9 .48

$
6 .72 5 .7 28 .09 -

$
9.48
7.76
9 .48

TRUCKDRIVERS. MEDIUM TRUCK --MANUFACTURING ---------------

111
11*1

6 .82
6.82

6.54

6.23 6 .23 -

7.24
7 .24

-

6.54

TRUCKDRIVERS. TRACTOR-TRAILER

3 *17

8.54

8.09

8 .09 -

9.48

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

WAREHOUSEMEN -------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------

138
149

6 .22
6 .16

5 .95
5.95

5 .625 .62 -

7 .29
5 .96

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

ORDER FILLERS ------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------

664
352

5.33
6 .01

5 .27
5.59

4 .605.37 -

5 .59
6 .57

-

-

9
“

-

SHIPPING PACKERS --------------MANUFACTURING ---------------

255
165

5 .03
5 .56

5 .17
5 .71

4 .155 .17 -

5 .74
5.78

-

-

-

7

1 .632
1 . 2 53
3 80

5 .99
5.84
6 .48

5 .78
5.85
5 .25

4 .414 .41 4 .00 -

7 .59
6 .99
9 .43

2
1
1

-

-

18

“

_

18

FORKLIFT OPERATORS ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------

988
948

6.59
6 .67

6.28
6 .50

5 .32 5 .32 -

7 .76
7.76

-

-

-

-

GUARDS -------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------

373
342

6 .07
6 .14

6.14
6 .20

4 .80 4 .78 -

7 .20
7 .24

2 81
2 50

6.17
6 .27

6.14
6 .20

5 .35 5.35 -

7 .20
7 .20

-

1.436
1.146
29D
148
73

5 .60
5 .92
4 .31
4.72
3.99

5 .62
5.78
4.00
4 .91
3 .66

4 .69 5 .07 3.75 3.99 3 .13 -

6.50
6 .99
5.10
5 .30
4 .25

1

MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS ----MANUFACTURING --------------NONMANUFACTURINS ------------

GUARDS. CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING ---------------JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS
MANUFACTURING --------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------RETAIL TRADE --------------

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

~

“

24

13
13

1
1

24
16

9

-

-

-

54
“

39

“
6

30

6
6

27
3
34

2
2

6
6

3
3

1
1

4
4

46
46

21
21

6
6

1
1

2
2

22
22

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

-

7

-

4

-

188

-

15

-

99

25

1

1

8

-

58
54

58
58

13
-

2

51
34

5
3

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

166

37
34

8
8

70
70

4
4

2
2

80
65

-

-

-

-

-

-

47
39

93
93

26
24

54

93
92

204
204

14
13

_

_
_

2
2

_
_

146

1

-

1

2 50
231
19

-

-

146

31
31
-

_

_

-

-

92
92

-

59

”
10

12

9
3

15

34
3
31

268
244
24

206
194

116
70
46

20

81
81

34

“

71
58
13

-

-

1
1

108

145
136

42
40

152
152

46
46

68
68

41
41

114
114

139
139

■_

100

31
16

-

1
1

27
17

42
33

21
20

49
48

35
35

13
13

63
63

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

27
17

42
33

21
20

27
26

35
35

13
13

37
37

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

180
178

12
6
6

218
217

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

_
_

-

179
170
9
9

74
74

2

99
99
-

6

1

2

12

90
“

6

211

6

~

“

2
2

2
2

2
2

18
16

30
30

2
2

34
31

13

22

11

19

2
2

2
2

4

-

22

“

34
31

13

2

2
2

11

19

10

17
~
17

51
36
15
4

24
9
15

100

85
65

*
10
1
2

1
6

6

-

_

1
1

-

“

“

-

6
6

96
34
62
26
9

2

4

69
31
23
4

20
10

6

253
189
64
62
2

1

_

1

-

_
_

~

;
S e e fo o tn o te s

at end o f t a b le s .




19

-




Table A-13. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sexlarge establishments in Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky.—Ind., July 1978
S e x , 3 occupation, and industry division

N um ber
of

A verage
(m e a n * )
hourly
e a rn in g s4

Sex,

MAINTENANCE» TOOLROOMt AND
POWERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - MEN

occupation, and industry division

N um ber
of
w orkers

A verag e
(m ea n 2 )
h o u rly
earn ings 4

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED
$

MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS
MANUFACTURING -----

111
90

7.8<t
7.96

MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIANS ---------MANUFACTURING ------------------

739
695

8.1<t
8.20

MAINTENANCE PAINTERS
MANUFACTURING ---

111
96

7.75
7.88

MAINTENANCE MACHINISTS
MANUFACTURING -----

300
284

7.48
7.50

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY) MANUFACTURING ------------------

456
448

8.24
8.24

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR VEHICLES) ----------------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

305
116
189

8.60
7.71
9.14

MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS
MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING ------

MAINTENANCE PIPEFITTERS
MANUFACTURING ------

444
444

8.27
8.27

TRUCKDRIVERS - CONTINUED
TRUCKDRIVERS* MEDIUM TRUCK
MANUFACTURING ----------TRUCKDRIVERS. TRACTOR-TRAILER

MAINTENANCE SHEET-METAL WORKERS ---

54

8.28

MILLWRIGHTS -----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------

3 75
375
411
411

7.87
7.87

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS --------------MANUFACTURING ------------------

438
438

8.57
8.57

STATIONARY ENGINEERS
MANUFACTURING ---

122
118
142
135

6.83
6.83

347

8.54

183
134

6 .18
6.11

ORDER FILLERS -MANUFACTURING

355
289

5.90
6.13

SHIPPING PACKERS
MANUFACTURING

109
105

5.50
5.49

1.5 3 8
1.158
380

5.98
5.81
6 .48

FORKLIFT OPERATORS ---------------MANUFACTURING ------------------

949
909

6.61
6 .70

GUARDS ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------

342
315

6.10
6.16

GUARDS. CLASS B ----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------

258
231

6.18
6.28

1.1 9 5
1.002
193
113

5.74
5.97
4.55
4.84

8.30
8.35

BOILER TENDERS ----MANUFACTURING ---

$

WAREHOUSEMEN — •
MANUFACTURING

8.45
8.45

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS (TOOLROOM) MANUFACTURING ------------------

11<*
114

7.34
7.39

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS --MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN
ORDER FILLERS:
MANUFACTURING

TRUCKDRIVERS -----MANUFACTURING -NONMANUFACTURING

747
240
507

8.07
6.83
8.65

63

5.42

SHIPPING PACKERS

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

146

4 .68

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS MANUFACTURING -NONMANUFACTURING

232
135
97

4 .86
5.61
3.82

See footnotes at en d of tables.

20

Footnotes

1 S tan d ard h ou rs r e f le c t the w o rk w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e
th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s
(e x c lu s iv e o f pay f o r o v e r t im e at
r e g u la r an d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ), and the e a rn in g s c o r re s p o n d to th es e
w e e k ly h o u rs,
2 T h e m ea n is com p u ted f o r each job by to ta lin g th e e a rn in g s o f a ll
w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y the n u m b er o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m ed ia n d e sig n a te s
p o s itio n — h a lf o f th e w o r k e r s r e c e iv e the sam e o r m o r e and h a lf r e c e iv e
the sam e o r le s s than th e ra te shown. T h e m id d le ran ge is d e fin e d by tw o
ra te s o f pay: a fo u rth o f th e w o r k e r s ea rn the sam e o r le s s than the lo w e r
o f th e s e r a te s and a fo u rth e a rn the sam e o r m o r e than the h ig h e r ra te .




3 E a rn in g s data r e la te on ly to w o r k e r s w h ose s e x id e n tific a tio n was
p ro v id e d b y the e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w eek en d s,
h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts .
5 E s tim a te s f o r p e r io d s ending p r i o r to 1976 r e la te to m en on ly fo r
s k ille d m ain ten a n ce and u n sk ille d plant w o r k e r s . A l l o th e r e s tim a te s re la te
to m en and w om en .
6 Data do not m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a o r data not a v a ila b le .

21

Appendix A.
Scope and Method
of Survey
In each o f the 7 5 1 a r e a s c u r r e n t ly s u r v e y e d , the B u re a u obtains
w a g e s and r e la te d b e n e fits d ata f r o m r e p r e s e n ta tiv e e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in
s ix b ro ad in d u s try d iv is io n s : M a n u fa ctu rin g ; tr a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n ,
and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u ra n ce ,
and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s .
G o v e r n m e n t o p e ra tio n s and the c o n s tru c tio n
and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s a re e x c lu d e d . E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a vin g fe w e r than a
p r e s c r ib e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a r e a ls o e xclu d ed b e ca u s e o f in s u ffic ie n t
e m p lo y m e n t in the occ u p a tio n s stu d ied . A p p e n d ix ta b le 1 show s the nu m ber
o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s e s tim a te d to be w ith in the sc o p e o f th is s u r v e y ,
as w e ll as the n u m b er a c tu a lly stu d ied .
B u re a u f ie ld r e p r e s e n t a t iv e s ob ta in d ata by p e r s o n a l v is it s at 3 - y e a r
in t e r v a ls . In each o f th e tw o in te r v e n in g y e a r s , in fo rm a tio n on e m p lo y m e n t
and o c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s o n ly is c o lle c t e d b y a c o m b in a tio n o f p e r s o n a l v is it,
m a il q u e s tio n n a ire , and te le p h o n e in t e r v ie w fr o m e s ta b lis h m e n ts p a r tic ip a tin g
in the p r e v io u s s u r v e y .
A s a m p le o f the e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the sc o p e o f the s u r v e y is s e le c te d
fo r study p r i o r to each p e r s o n a l v i s i t s u r v e y .
T h is s a m p le , le s s e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts w h ich go out o f b u s in e s s o r a re no lo n g e r w ith in the in d u s tr ia l
scop e o f th e s u r v e y , is r e ta in e d f o r the fo llo w in g tw o annual s u r v e y s .
In
m o s t c a s e s , e s ta b lis h m e n ts new to the a r e a a r e not c o n s id e r e d in the s cop e
o f the s u r v e y u n til the s e le c tio n o f a s a m p le f o r a p e r s o n a l v is it s u r v e y .
T h e s a m p lin g p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d e ta ile d s tr a t ific a t io n o f a ll e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y in d u s try and
nu m ber o f e m p lo y e e s .
F r o m th is s t r a t ifie d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ility s a m p le
is s e le c te d , w ith each e s ta b lis h m e n t h a vin g a p r e d e te r m in e d chan ce o f s e ­
le c tio n . T o o b ta in op tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r p r o p o r tio n
o f la r g e than s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c te d .
W h en d ata a re co m b in e d ,
each e s ta b lis h m e n t is w e ig h te d a c c o r d in g to its p r o b a b ility o f s e le c tio n so
th at u n biased e s tim a te s a r e g e n e ra te d .
F o r e x a m p le , i f one out o f fo u r
e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c te d , it is g iv e n a w e ig h t o f 4 to r e p r e s e n t it s e lf plus
th re e o th e r s . A n a lte r n a te o f the s a m e o r ig in a l p r o b a b ility is c h o sen in the
s a m e in d u s tr y - s iz e c la s s ific a t io n i f d ata a r e not a v a ila b le f r o m the o r ig in a l
s a m p le m e m b e r . I f no s u ita b le su b stitu te is a v a ila b le , a d d itio n a l w e ig h t is
a s s ign e d to a s a m p le m e m b e r that is s im ila r to the m is s in g unit.
O ccu p ation s and e a rn in g s
O ccu p ation s s e le c te d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y o f m a n u fa c ­
tu rin g and n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f the fo llo w in g ty p e s :
(1 )
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (2 ) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (3 ) m a in te n a n c e , to o lr o o m ,

and p o w e rp la n t; and (4 ) m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t and c u s to d ia l.
O c c u p a tio n a l
c la s s ific a t io n is b ased on a u n ifo rm s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d e s ig n e d to take
accoun t o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n in d u ties w ith in the s a m e jo b .
O ccu p a tion s s e le c te d fo r study a re lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d in ap p en d ix B .
U n le s s o th e rw is e in d ica ted , the e a r n in g s d ata fo llo w in g the jo b
tit le s a r e f o r all in d u s trie s c o m b in e d .
E a r n in g s d ata f o r s o m e o f the
o ccu p atio n s lis te d and d e s c r ib e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u s try d iv is io n s w ith in the
s c o p e o f the s u rve y , a re not p re s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s
ta b le s b e ca u s e
e ith e r (1 ) e m p lo y m e n t in the occu p atio n is too s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data
to m e r i t p re s e n ta tio n , o r (2 ) th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l
e s ta b lis h m e n t data. S e p a ra te m e n 's and w o m e n 's e a rn in g s data a r e not
p re s e n te d w h en the num ber o f w o r k e r s not id e n tifie d b y s e x is 20 p e r c e n t
o r m o r e o f the m en o r w o m e n id e n tifie d in an o c c u p a tio n .
E a r n in g s data
not shown s e p a r a te ly f o r in d u stry d iv is io n s a r e in clu d ed in d a ta fo r a ll
in d u s trie s com b in ed .
L ik e w is e , fo r o c c u p a tio n s w ith m o r e than one l e v e l,
d ata a r e inclu d ed in the o v e r a ll c la s s ific a t io n w h en a s u b c la s s ific a tio n is
not shown o r in fo rm a tio n to s u b c la s s ify is not a v a ila b le .
O ccu p a tion a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a rn in g s d ata a r e shown f o r f u ll- t im e
w o r k e r s , i. e ., th ose h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d u le .
E a rn in g s
d ata e x c lu d e p re m iu m p ay f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s ,
and la te s h ifts . N on p rod u ctio n bon uses a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a llo w a n c e s and in c e n tiv e bon uses a r e in c lu d e d .
W e e k ly h ou rs f o r o f f ic e
c l e r ic a l and p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s r e f e r to the stan d a rd
w o r k w e e k (rou n ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r) f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e
r e g u la r s tr a ig h t- tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r
an d/or p re m iu m r a t e s ). A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s f o r th e s e o c c u p a tio n s a r e
rou n ded to th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r . V e r t i c a l lin e s w ith in the d is trib u tio n o f
w o r k e r s on som e A - t a b le s in d ic a te a ch an ge in the s iz e o f the c la s s in t e r v a ls .
T h e s e s u rv e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s in an a r e a
at a p a r t ic u la r tim e . C o m p a ris o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
tim e m a y not r e f le c t e x p e c te d w a g e c h a n g e s . T h e a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s
a r e a ffe c te d by chan ges in w a g e s and e m p lo y m e n t p a tte r n s .
F o r e x a m p le ,
p ro p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by h ig h - o r lo w - w a g e f ir m s m a y ch an ge, o r
h ig h -w a g e w o r k e r s m a y advance to b e tte r jo b s and be r e p la c e d b y new
w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a te s . Such sh ifts in e m p lo y m e n t c o u ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u ­
p a tio n a l a v e ra g e e v en though m o s t e s ta b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a in c r e a s e w a g e s
d u rin g the y e a r . C han ges in ea rn in g s o f o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s, shown in ta b le
A - 7, a r e b e tte r in d ic a to rs o f w a g e tr e n d s than a r e e a rn in g s c h a n ges f o r
in d iv id u a l jo b s w ith in the g ro u p s.

1
Included in the 75 areas are 5 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are
A v e r a g e ea rn in g s r e f le c t c o m p o s ite , a r e a w id e e s tim a te s . In d u s trie s
Akron, Ohio; Birmingham, A la.; Norfolk—
Virginia Beach-Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, V a .- N .C .;
and e s ta b lis h m e n ts d if fe r in p ay l e v e l and jo b s ta ffin g , and thus c o n trib u te
Poughkeepsie-‘-Kingston—Newburgh, N .Y .; and Utica—Rome, N .Y . In addition, the Bureau conducts more
d if fe r e n t ly to the e s tim a te s f o r each jo b . P a y a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
lim ited area studies in approximately 100 areas at the request of the Employment Standards Administration of
a c c u r a te ly the w a g e d iffe r e n t ia l am on g jo b s in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
the U. S. Department of Labor.




A v e r a g e p a y le v e ls f o r m en and w o m en in s e le c te d occu p atio n s should
n o t be a s s u m ed to r e f l e c t d iffe r e n c e s in p a y o f the s e x e s w ith in in d iv id u a l
e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
F a c t o r s w h ich m a y con trib u te to d iffe r e n c e s in clu d e p r o ­
g r e s s io n w ith in e s ta b lis h e d ra te ra n g es (o n ly the r a te s p aid incu m bents a r e
c o lle c t e d ) and p e r fo r m a n c e o f s p e c ific du ties w ith in the g e n e r a l s u r v e y job
d e s c r ip tio n s . Job d e s c r ip tio n s u sed to c la s s ify e m p lo y e e s in th es e s u rv e y s
u s u a lly a r e m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th ose u sed in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts
and a llo w f o r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong e s ta b lis h m en ts in s p e c ific d u ties
pe r fo rm e d .

E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g

S k ille d m ain ten an ce

C o m p u te r s y s te m s
a n a ly s ts , c la s s e s
A , B, and C
C om p u ter p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c la s s e s A , B, and C
C om p u ter o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s e s A , B, and C

C a rp e n te r s
E le c t r ic ia n s
P a in te r s
M a c h in ists
M e ch a n ic s (m a c h in e r y )
M e ch a n ic s (m o to r v e h ic le )
P ip e fit t e r s
T o o l and d ie m a k e rs

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a ll e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e o f the study and not the n u m b er a c tu a lly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e s am ong e s ta b lis h m en ts d if fe r , e s tim a te s o f
o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t ob ta in ed fr o m the sam ple o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts studied
s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te the r e la t iv e im p o rta n c e o f the jo b s stu d ied .
These
d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s tru c tu re do not a ffe c t m a t e r ia lly the a c c u r a c y o f
the e a r n in g s d ata.

In d u s tr ia l n u rs e s

U n s k ille d plant

R e g is t e r e d in d u s tr ia l
n u rs e s

J a n ito rs , p o r t e r s , and
c le a n e r s
M a t e r ia l han d lin g la b o r e r s

W a g e tr e n d s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l grou p s
T h e p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s p re s e n te d in ta b le A - 7 a r e b ased on changes
in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f m en and w o m e n in e s ta b lis h m en ts r e p o r tin g the
tr e n d jo b s in both the c u r r e n t and p re v io u s y e a r (m a tc h e d e s ta b lis h m e n ts ).
T h e data a r e a d ju s te d to r e m o v e the e ffe c ts on a v e r a g e e a rn in g s o f e m p lo y ­
m e n t s h ifts am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts and tu r n o v e r of e s ta b lis h m e n ts in clu d ed
in s u r v e y s a m p le s .
T h e p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a r e s t ill a ffe c t e d by
f a c t o r s o th e r than w a g e in c r e a s e s . H ir in g s , la y o ffs , and tu r n o v e r m a y a ffe c t
an e s ta b lis h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an occu p atio n when w o r k e r s a r e p aid u n d er p lans
p r o v id in g a ra n g e o f w a g e r a te s f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s . In p e r io d s o f in c r e a s e d
h ir in g , f o r e x a m p le , n ew e m p lo y e e s m a y e n te r at the b o tto m o f the ran ge,
d e p r e s s in g the a v e r a g e w ith ou t a change in w a g e ra te s .
T h e p e r c e n t c h an ges r e la te to w a g e chan ges b e tw e e n the in d ic a te d
d a te s . W hen th e t im e span b e tw e e n s u rv e y s is o th er than 12 m onths, annual
r a te s a r e show n,
( i t is as s u m ed that w a g e s in c r e a s e at a con stan t ra te
b e tw e e n s u r v e y s .)

P e r c e n t chan ges f o r i
as fo llo w s :

a r e a s in the p r o g r a m a re com puted

1. A v e r a g e e a rn in g s a r e com p u ted f o r each occu p ation fo r
the 2 y e a r s b ein g c o m p a re d . T h e a v e r a g e s a r e d e riv e d
f r o m e a rn in g s in th ose e s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ich a re in
the s u r v e y both y e a r s ; it is as s u m ed that em p lo ym en t
re m a in s unchanged.
2.

E a c h o ccu p atio n is a s s ig n e d a w e ig h t b ased on its p r o ­
p o r tio n a te e m p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n a l grou p in the
base y ea r.

3.

T h e s e w e ig h ts a r e u sed to com p u te g ro u p a v e r a g e s .
E a c h o c c u p a tio n 's a v e r a g e e a rn in g s (co m p u te d in step 1)
is m u ltip lie d b y its w e ig h t. T h e p ro d u cts a r e to ta le d to
ob tain a gro u p a v e r a g e .

4.

T h e r a tio o f g ro u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a rs is
com p u ted b y d iv id in g the a v e r a g e f o r the c u r re n t y e a r by
the a v e r a g e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r . T h e r e s u lt— e x p r e s s e d
as a p e rc e n t— le s s 100 is the p e r c e n t ch an ge.

O c c u p a tio n s u s e d to com p u te w a g e tre n d s a r e :

O ffic e c l e r i c a l

O ffic e c l e r ic a l— C ontinued

S e c r e t a r ie s
S te n o g ra p h e rs , g e n e r a l
S te n o g r a p h e r s , s e n io r
T y p is t s , c la s s e s
A and B
F i l e c le r k s , c la s s e s A ,
B, and C
M essen g ers
S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a to r s

F o r a m o r e d e ta ile d d e s c r ip tio n o f the m eth od u sed to com pute th ese
w a g e tre n d s , see "Im p r o v in g A r e a W a g e S u r v e y In d e x e s , " M on th ly L a b o r
R e v ie w , J an u ary 1973, pp. 5 2 -57 .

O r d e r c le r k s , c la s s e s
A and B
A ccou n tin g c le r k s ,
c la s s e s A and B
B ookke ep ing -m a chine
o p e r a to r s , c la s s B
P a y r o ll c le r k s
K e y e n try o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s e s A and B




E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s
T a b u la tio n s on s e le c te d e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry
w a g e p r o v is io n s (B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) a r e not p re s e n te d in th is b u lle tin . I n f o r ­
m a tio n f o r th e s e tab u la tion s is c o lle c te d at 3 -y e a r , in t e r v a ls .
T h e s e tab u ­
la tio n s on m in im u m e n tra n ce s a la r ie s f o r in e x p e r ie n c e d o ffic e w o r k e r s ; sh ift
d iffe r e n t ia ls ; sch ed u led w e e k ly h o u rs and d a y s; p a id h o lid a y s ; p aid v a c a tio n s ;
and h e a lth , in s u ra n c e , and p e n s io n p lan s a r e p re s e n te d (in the B - s e r ie s ta b le s )
in p r e v io u s b u lle tin s f o r th is a r e a .

23

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
in Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky.—Ind.,1 July 1978
Industry d ivision 2

M inim um
em ploym ent
in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s c o p e
o f study

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s

N u m b e r o f e s t a b li s h m e n t s

W it hi n s c op e o f study 4
W it h in s co p e
o f study 3

Studied

Studie d
Number

Percent

ALL ESTABLISHMENTS
1 *0 4 0

215

2 6 9 .1 4 1

100

142.640

50

424
616

95
120

1 4 2 *0 9 9
127.042

53
47

83.645
58.995

50
50
50
50
50

65
117
227
78
129

22
15
32
12
39

25.852
12.899
51.579
16.128
20.584

10
5.
19
6
8

18.461
2.6 1 1
22.832
7.428
7*663

D I V I S I O N S ------------------------------------------------------

_

99

72

140.040

100

117.021

MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------------TRANSPORTATION. COMMUNICATION. AND
OTHER PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5 -----------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE6 ---------------------------------------------------RE TA IL TRADE
---------------------------------------------------------FIN AN C E. INSURANCE. ANO REAL E S T A T E 6 ------------SERVICES 6 7 ---------------------------------------------------------------

500
-

52
A7

41
31

82.802
57.238

59
41

72.147
44*874

9

8
2
12
6
3

16.480
2.2 1 4
26.735
9.007
2.8 0 2

12
2
19
6
2

15.631
1.1 2 8
19*946
6.389
1.780

ALL D I V I S I O N S -----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------------TRANSPORTATION. COMMUNICATION. AND
OTHER PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5 -----------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE6 ---------------------------------------------------RE TAI L TRADE
--------------------------------------------------------F IN AN C E. INSURANCE. ANO REAL EST A TE 6 ------------SERVICES 6 7 ---------------------------------------------------------------

-

LARGE ESTABLISHMENTS
ALL

500
500
500
500
500

4
20
9

5

1 T h e C in c in n a ti S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d b y the
O f f ic e o f M a n a g e m e n t and B u d get th ro u g h F e b r u a r y 1974, c o n s is ts o f C le r m o n t,
H a m ilto n , and W a r r e n C o u n tie s , O h io ; B o o n e , C a m p b e ll, and K e n to n C o u n tie s , K y .;
and D e a r b o r n C ou n ty, Ind.
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y " e s t im a t e s show n
in th is ta b le p r o v id e a re a s o n a b ly a c c u r a te d e s c r ip t io n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s itio n
o f th e la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in the s u r v e y . E s t im a t e s a r e not in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , fo r
c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tr e n d s o r le v e ls
s in c e (1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s e s ta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly
in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o ll p e r io d s tu d ie d , and (2 ) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d
fr o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 The
1972 e d itio n o f th e S ta n d a rd In d u s t r ia l C la s s ific a t io n M a n u a l w a s
u sed in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n .
H o w e v e r , a ll g o v e r n m e n t
o p e r a tio n s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
3 In c lu d e s a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith t o ta l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e th e m in im u m
lim it a t io n .
A l l o u tle ts (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in in d u s tr ie s such as t r a d e ,




fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tio n p ic tu r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as on e
e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 In c lu d e s a ll w o r k e r s in a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t (w ith in th e
a r e a ) at o r a b o v e the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
5 A b b r e v ia t e d to "p u b lic u t ilit ie s " in th e A - s e r i e s
t a b le s .
T a x ic a b s and
s e r v i c e s in c id e n ta l to w a t e r tr a n s p o r ta tio n a r e e x c lu d e d .
T h e C in c in n a ti t r a n s it
s y s t e m is m u n ic ip a lly o w n ed and o p e r a te d and is e x c lu d e d b y d e fin it io n f r o m th e
s c o p e o f the stu dy.
6 S e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n o f data is not m a d e f o r th is d iv is io n .
7 H o te ls and m o t e ls ; la u n d r ie s and o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ;
a u to m o b ile r e p a ir ,
re n ta l, and p a rk in g ; m o tio n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h ip
o r g a n iz a tio n s (e x c lu d in g r e lig io u s and c h a r ita b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); and e n g in e e r in g and
a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

24

Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
T h e p r im a r y p u rp o s e o f p re p a r in g job d e s c r ip tio n s f o r the Bu­
r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s is to a s s is t its fie ld s ta ff in c la s s ify in g into ap p ror ia te o c c u p a tio n s w o r k e r s who a re em p lo ye d under a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o ll
t it le s and d iffe r e n t w o r k a r ra n g e m e n ts fr o m e s ta b lis h m en t to e s ta b lis h ­
m e n t and fr o m a r e a to a r e a . T h is p e r m its the grou p in g o f oc c u p a tio n a l
w a g e r a te s r e p r e s e n tin g c o m p a ra b le jo b content.
B e c a u s e o f this e m ­
p h a s is on in t e r e s ta b lis h m e n t and in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ility o f occu p a tio n a l
con ten t, the B u re a u 's jo b d e s c r ip tio n s m a y d if fe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m th ose
in use in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts o r th ose p re p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r­
p o s e s . In a p p lyin g th e s e jo b d e s c r ip tio n s , the B u re a u 's fie ld e c o n o m is ts
a re in s tr u c te d to e x c lu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p re n tic e s ; and p a r ttim e , te m p o r a r y , and p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s . H an dicapped w o r k e r s w h ose
e a rn in g s a re re d u c e d b e ca u s e o f th e ir handicap a re a lso exclu d ed .
L e a r n e r s , b e g in n e r s , and tr a in e e s , u n less s p e c ific a lly included in the
jo b d e s c r ip tio n s , a r e e x c lu d e d .

Office
SECRETARY

S E C R E T A R Y — C ontinued

A s s ig n e d as a p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to one in d iv id u a l. M a in ­
tain s a c lo s e and h ig h ly r e s p o n s iv e r e la tio n s h ip to the d a y - to - d a y a c tiv itie s o f
the s u p e r v is o r . W o r k s f a i r l y in d ep en d en tly r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e ta ile d
s u p e r v is io n and g u id a n c e . P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c le r ic a l and s e c r e t a r ia l d u ties
r e q u ir in g a k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e rou tin e and un derstan d in g o f the o r g a n iz a tio n ,
p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e la te d to the w o rk o f the s u p e r v is o r .

E x c lu s io n s — C ontinued

E x c lu s ions

e.

P o s itio n s w h ich do not f i t any o f the situ ation s lis te d in the
s e c tio n s b e lo w title d " L e v e l o f S u p e r v is o r, " e .g ., s e c r e t a r y to the
p re s id e n t o f a com p an y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5,000 p e rs o n s ;

f.

T r a in e e s .

C la s s ific a t io n by L e v e l

N o t a ll p o s itio n s that a re title d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the above c h a r ­
a c t e r is t ic s .
E x a m p le s o f p o s itio n s w h ich a re exclu d ed fr o m the d e fin itio n
a re as fo llo w s :
a.

P o s it io n s w h ich do not m e e t
d e s c r ib e d a b o v e ;

the " p e r s o n a l"

s e c r e t a r y co n ce p t

b.

S te n o g ra p h e rs not fu lly tra in e d in s e c r e t a r ia l- t y p e d u ties;

c.

S te n o g ra p h e rs s e r v in g as o f f ic e ass is ta n ts to a gro u p o f p r o ­
fe s s io n a l, te c h n ic a l, o r m a n a g e r ia l p e rs o n s ;

S e c r e t a r y jo b s w h ich m e e t the above c h a r a c t e r is t ic s a re m atch ed at
one o f f iv e le v e ls a c c o r d in g to (a ) the l e v e l o f the s e c r e t a r y 's s u p e r v is o r
w ith in the c o m p a n y 's o r g a n iz a tio n a l s tru c tu re and, (b ) the l e v e l o f the
s e c r e t a r y 's r e s p o n s ib ilit y . T h e c h a r t fo llo w in g the exp lan ation s o f th ese two
fa c to r s in d ic a te s the l e v e l o f the s e c r e t a r y f o r each com b in atio n o f the
fa c t o r s .
L e v e l o f S e c r e t a r y 's S u p e r v is o r (L S )

d.

A s s is t a n t - t y p e p o s itio n s w h ich e n ta il m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e r e ­
s p o n s ib le te c h n ic a l, a d m in is tr a tiv e , o r s u p e r v is o r y d u ties w h ich
a re not ty p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r ia l w o rk , e .g ., A d m in is t r a t iv e A s s is t ­
ant, o r E x e c u tiv e A s s is ta n t;




S e c r e t a r ie s should be m atch ed at one o f the fo u r L S le v e ls d e s c r ib e d
b e lo w a c c o r d in g to the l e v e l o f the s e c r e t a r y 's s u p e r v is o r w ith in the com pany
o r g a n iz a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e .
L S -1

a.

S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v is o r o r head o f a s m a ll o r g a n iz a tio n a l
unit (e . g . , f e w e r than about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ); o r

SECRETARY— Continued

SECRETARY— Continued

Classification by L eve l— Continued

Classification by Level-—Continued

b.

L S -2

a.

b.

L S -3

S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s ta ff s p e c ia lis t, p r o fe s s io n a l
e m p lo y e e , a d m in is tr a tiv e o f f ic e r o r a s s is ta n t, s k ille d te c h n icia n
o r e x p e r t.
(N O T E :
M a n y co m p a n ie s a s s ig n s te n o g r a p h e r s ,
r a th e r than s e c r e t a r ie s as d e s c r ib e d a b o v e , to th is l e v e l o f
s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e rv is o r y w o r k e r .)
S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e rs o n w h ose r e s p o n ­
s ib ilit y is not e q u iv a le n t to one o f the s p e c ific l e v e l situ a tio n s in
the d e fin itio n fo r L S —
3, but w h o s e o r g a n iz a tio n a l unit n o r m a lly
n u m b ers at le a s t s e v e r a l d o ze n e m p lo y e e s and is u s u a lly d iv id e d
into o r g a n iz a tio n a l s e gm e n ts w h ich a re o fte n , in tu rn, fu r th e r
s u b d ivid e d . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , th is l e v e l in clu d es a w id e ran ge
o f o r g a n iz a tio n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o th e rs , o n ly one o r tw o; o r

L e v e l o f S e c r e t a r y 's R e s p o n s ib ility ( L R )
T h is fa c to r e v a lu a te s the n ature o f the w o r k re la tio n s h ip b etw een
the s e c r e t a r y and the s u p e r v is o r , and the exten t to w h ich the s e c r e t a r y is
e x p e c te d to e x e r c is e in itia tiv e and ju d g m e n t. S e c r e t a r ie s should be m a tch ed
at L R —1 o r L R —2 d e s c r ib e d b e lo w a c c o r d in g to th e ir l e v e l o f r e s p o n s ib ilit y .

S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an in d iv id u a l p lan t, fa c to r y , e tc ., (o r
o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f ic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r
than 5 ,0 0 0 p e rs o n s .

a.

L e v e l o f R e s p o n s ib ility 1 (L R —1)

S e c r e t a r y to the c h a irm a n o f the b oa rd o r p r e s id e n t o f a com p an y
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, f e w e r than 100 p e rs o n s ; o r

b.

S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a te o f f ic e r (o th e r than c h a irm a n o f the
b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t) o f a com p an y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100
but f e w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e rs o n s ; o r

c.

P e r f o r m s v a r ie d s e c r e t a r ia l d u ties in clu d in g o r c o m p a ra b le to m o s t
o f the fo llo w in g :
a. A n s w e r s te lep h on es,
com in g m a il.

S e c r e t a r y to the head (im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w the o f f ic e r le v e l ) o v e r
e ith e r a m a jo r c o r p o r a te w id e fu n c tio n a l a c tiv ity (e . g . , m a rk e tin g ,
r e s e a r c h , o p e r a tio n s , in d u s tr ia l r e la tio n s , e tc .) o r a m a jo r
g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a tio n a l s e g m e n t (e .g „ , a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r­
t e r s ; a m a jo r d iv is io n ) o f a c om p an y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r
5.00 0 but fe w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p lo y e e s ; o r

d.

b.

c.

c a ll e r s ,

and

opens

in­

A n s w e r s telep h on e re q u e s ts w h ich h ave stan d a rd a n s w e r s .
r e p ly to req u e sts by send ing a fo r m l e t t e r .

R e v ie w s c o r re s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , and r e p o r ts p re p a r e d by
o th e rs fo r the s u p e r v is o r 's s ig n a tu re to e n s u re p r o c e d u r a l and
ty p o g ra p h ic a l a c c u ra c y .

d.

M ain tain s s u p e r v is o r 's
in s tru c te d .

e.

Types,

c a le n d a r

and

takes and t r a n s c r ib e s d ic ta tio n ,

m akes

ap p oin tm en ts

M ay

as

and f i l e s .

L e v e l o f R e s p o n s ib ility 2 (L R —2)
P e r f o r m s duties d e s c r ib e d u n d er L R —1 and, in ad d ition p e r fo r m s
task s r e q u ir in g g r e a t e r ju d gm en t, in it ia tiv e , and k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e fu n ction s
in clu d in g o r c o m p a ra b le to m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :

S e c r e t a r y to the c h a irm a n o f the b oa rd o f p r e s id e n t o f a com p an y
th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5,00 0 p e rs o n s ; o r
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a te o f f ic e r (o th e r than the c h a irm a n o f the
b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t) o f a com p an y th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000
but fe w e r than 25, 000 p e rs o n s ; o r

a.

26

A n s w e r s req u e sts w h ich r e q u ir e a d e ta ile d k n o w le d g e o f o f ­
fic e p ro c e d u r e s o r c o lle c t io n o f in fo rm a tio n fr o m
file s o r
o th er o f f ic e s .
M a y sign ro u tin e c o r r e s p o n d e n c e in own o r
s u p e r v is o r 's nam e.

c.

N O T E : T h e te r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r " used in the ab ove L S d e fin itio n
r e f e r s to th ose o f f i c i a ls w ho h a ve a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a te w id e p o lic y m a k in g
r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r com p a n y a c t iv it ie s .
T h e t it le " v i c e p r e s id e n t , "
though n o r m a lly in d ic a tiv e o f th is r o le , d o e s not in a ll c a s e s id e n tify such

S c re en s telep h on e and p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , d e te rm in in g w h ich can
be handled by the s u p e r v is o r 's s u b o rd in a te s o r o th e r o f f i c e s .

b.

S e c r e t a r y to the head, im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the c o r p o r a te o f f ic e r
le v e l , o f a m a jo r s e g m e n t o r s u b s id ia ry o f a com p a n y that
e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 25, 000 p e r s o n s .




p erson a l

c.

S e c r e t a r y to the head o f a la r g e and im p o rta n t o r g a n iz a tio n a l
s e g m e n t (e . g . , a m id d le m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v is o r o f an o r g a n i­
z a tio n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g as m a n y as s e v e r a l hundred
p e r s o n s ) o f a com p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2£, 000 p e rs o n s .

a.

g r e e ts

b.

S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an in d iv id u a l plan t, fa c to r y , e tc ., (o r
o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f ic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r
5 .00 0 p e rs o n s ; o r

e.

LS—
4

p o s itio n s . V ic e p re s id e n ts w h ose p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y is to act p e r s o n a lly
on in d iv id u a l cases o r tra n s a c tio n s (e . g . , a p p ro v e o r deny in d iv id u a l loan
o r c r e d it a c tio n s; a d m in is te r in d ivid u a l tr u s t accou n ts; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v is e a
c le r ic a l s ta ff) are not c o n s id e re d to be " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u rp o s es
o f ap p lyin g the d e fin itio n .

C o m p ile s o r a s s is ts in c o m p ilin g p e r io d ic
o f g e n e ra l in s tru c tio n s .

r e p o r ts on the b a s is

SECRETARY— Continued

STENOGRAPHER— Continued

L e v e l o f R e s p o n s ib ilit y 2 (L R —2)— C ontinued

o f the s p e c ific b u s in e s s o p e r a tio n s , o r g a n iz a tio n , p o lic ie s , p ro c e d u r e s , f i le s ,
w o r k flo w , e tc . U s e s this k n o w le d g e in p e r fo r m in g ste n o gra p h ic duties and
r e s p o n s ib le c l e r ic a l task s such as m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f i le s ; a s s e m b lin g
m a t e r ia l f o r r e p o r ts , m e m o ra n d a , and le t t e r s ; co m p o s in g s im p le le tte r s
fr o m g e n e r a l in s tr u c tio n s ; re a d in g and rou tin g in c o m in g m a il; and a n sw erin g
rou tin e q u e s tio n s , e tc .

d.

S ch ed u les te n ta tiv e appointm ents w ithout p r io r c le a r a n c e .
As­
s e m b le s n e c e s s a r y b ackgrou n d m a t e r ia l fo r sch ed u led m e e tin g s .
M a k e s a r ra n g e m e n ts f o r m e e tin g s and c o n fe r e n c e s .

e.

E x p la in s s u p e r v is o r 's r e q u ire m e n ts to o th er e m p lo y e e s in s u p e r­
v i s o r 's u n it.
(A ls o ty p e s , tak es d ic ta tio n , and f i l e s . )

T he fo llo w in g ta b u la tio n shows the l e v e l of the s e c r e t a r y f o r e a c h
L S and L R c o m b in a tio n .

L e v e l o f s e c r e t a r y 's
______ s u p e r v is o r ______

L e v e l o f s e c r e t a r y 's r e s p o n s ib ilit y
L R —1

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E T Y P I S T
P r i m a r y duty is to typ e c o p y o f v o ic e r e c o r d e d d ic ta tio n w h ich does
not in v o lv e v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such as that used in
le g a l b r ie f s o r r e p o r ts on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h . M a y a lso type fro m w r itte n
c op y . M a y m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r fo r m o th er r e la t iv e ly
rou tin e c le r i c a l ta s k s .
(S e e S ten o g ra p h e r d e fin itio n fo r w o r k e r s in v o lv e d
w ith sh orth and d ic ta tio n .)

L R —2
T Y P IS T

L S - 1 _______________
L S — __________________________________________
2
L S - 3 __________________________________________
L S - 4 _ _ ________________________________________

C la s s
C la s s
C la s s
C la s s

E
D
C
B

C la s s
C la s s
C la s s
C la s s

D
C
B
A

U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls o r to m ak e
out b ills a fte r c a lc u la tio n s h a ve b een m a d e by an oth er p e rs o n . M a y include
typ in g o f s te n c ils , m a ts , o r s im ila r m a t e r ia ls f o r u se in d u p licatin g p r o c ­
esses.
M a y do c le r i c a l w o rk in v o lv in g l i t t le s p e c ia l tra in in g , such as
k e ep in g s im p le r e c o r d s , f i l i n g
reco rd s
and r e p o r ts , o r s o rtin g and
d is trib u tin g in c o m in g m a il.

STENO G RAPH ER

C la s s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : T y p in g m a t e r ia l
in fin a l fo r m w hen it in v o lv e s c om b in in g m a t e r ia l fr o m s e v e r a l s o u rc e s ;
o r r e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r c o r r e c t s p e llin g , s y lla b ic a tio n , punctuation, e tc ., of
te c h n ic a l o r unusual w o rd s o r f o r e ig n lan gu a ge m a t e r ia l; o r planning la y ­
out and ty p in g o f c o m p lic a te d s ta tis tic a l ta b le s to m a in ta in u n ifo rm ity and
b a la n ce in s p a c in g . M a y ty p e ro u tin e fo r m l e t t e r s , v a r y in g d e ta ils to suit
c irc u m s ta n c e s .

P r i m a r y duty is to tak e d ic ta tio n using shorthand, and to tr a n s c r ib e
the d ic ta tio n . M a y a ls o typ e fr o m w r itte n cop y. M ay o p e r a te fr o m a s ten o­
g ra p h ic p o o l. M a y o c c a s io n a lly tr a n s c r ib e fr o m v o ic e r e c o r d in g s ( i f p r im a r y
duty is tr a n s c r ib in g f r o m r e c o r d in g s , s ee T r a n s c r ib in g -M a c h in e T y p is t ).
N O T E : T h is jo b is d is tin g u is h e d fr o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a lly w o r k s in a c o n fid e n tia l r e la tio n s h ip w ith o n ly one m a n ­
a g e r o r e x e c u tiv e and p e r fo r m s m o r e r e s p o n s ib le and d is c r e t io n a r y task s
as d e s c r ib e d in the s e c r e t a r y jo b d e fin itio n .

C la s s B . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : C op y typ ing fr o m
rough o r c le a r d r a ft s ; o r rou tin e ty p in g o f fo r m s , in su ran ce p o lic ie s , e tc .;
o r s e ttin g up s im p le stan d a rd ta b u la tion s; o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s
a lr e a d y s e t up and s p a c ed p r o p e r ly .

S te n o g ra p h e r, G e n e r a l

F IL E C L E R K

D ic ta tio n in v o lv e s a n o rm a l rou tin e v o c a b u la ry . M a y m a in ta in f i l e s ,
k e ep s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r fo r m o th e r r e la t iv e ly rou tin e c le r ic a l ta s k s .

F i l e s , c la s s ifie s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r ia l in an es ta b lis h e d filin g
s y s te m . M a y p e r fo r m c le r i c a l and m an u al task s r e q u ir e d to m ain ta in f i l e s .
P o s itio n s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .

S te n o g ra p h e r, S e n io r
D ic ta tio n in v o lv e s a v a r ie d te c h n ica l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such
as in le g a l b r ie f s o r r e p o r ts on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h .
M a y a ls o s e t up and
m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , etc.

C la s s A . C la s s if ie s and in d e x e s f i l e m a t e r ia l such as c o r re s p o n d ­
en c e , r e p o r ts , te c h n ic a l d ocu m en ts, e tc ., in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g s y s te m
con tain in g a nu m b er o f v a r ie d s u b je ct m a tte r f i l e s .
M a y also f i l e this
m a t e r ia l. M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p es in con ju n ction w ith the f ile s .
M a y le a d a s m a ll g ro u p o f lo w e r l e v e l f i l e c le r k s .

OR

C la s s B . S o rts , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l by s im p le
(s u b je c t m a tte r ) h ead in gs o r p a r t ly c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l b y fin e r subheadings.
P r e p a r e s s im p le r e la t e d in d ex and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s . A s req u e sted ,
lo c a te s c le a r ly id e n tifie d m a t e r ia l in f i l e s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l.
M ay
p e r fo r m r e la te d c l e r i c a l task s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v ic e f il e s .

P e r f o r m s s te n o g r a p h ic duties r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n tly g r e a t e r in d e­
p en d en ce and r e s p o n s ib ilit y than s te n o g ra p h e r, g e n e ra l, as e v id e n c e d by the
fo llo w in g : W o r k r e q u ir e s a high d e g r e e o f s te n o g ra p h ic sp eed and a c c u r a c y ;
a th orou gh w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u sin ess and o ffic e p ro c e d u r e ; and




27

F IL E CLERK— Continued

ORDER CLERK— Continued

C la s s C . P e r f o r m s ro u tin e f ilin g o f m a t e r ia l that has a lr e a d y b e en
c la s s ifie d o r w h ich is e a s ily c la s s ifie d in a s im p le s e r ia l c la s s ific a t io n
s y s te m ( e . g . , a lp h a b e tic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r n u m e r ic a l).
A s re q u e s te d ,
lo c a te s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a t e r ia l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r ia l; and m a y
f i l l out w ith d ra w a l c h a r g e . M a y p e r fo r m s im p le c le r i c a l and m anu al task s
re q u ire d to m a in ta in and s e r v ic e f i l e s .

P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s :

a re

c la s s ifie d

into

le v e l s

a c c o r d in g

to

the

fo llo w in g

M E SSE N G E R

C la s s A . H an dles o r d e r s that in v o lv e m a k in g ju d gm en ts such as
c h o o s in g w h ich s p e c ific p ro d u ct o r m a t e r ia l f r o m the e s ta b lis h m e n t's p ro d u c t
lin e s w i l l s a tis fy the c u s to m e r 's n eed s, o r d e te r m in in g the p r ic e to be quoted
w hen p r ic in g in v o lv e s m o r e than m e r e l y r e f e r r i n g to a p r ic e l i s t o r m a k in g
s o m e s im p le m a th e m a tic a l c a lc u la tio n s .

P e r f o r m s v a r io u s ro u tin e d u ties such as running e rr a n d s , o p e r a tin g
m in o r o f f ic e m a c h in e s such as s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , op en in g and d is trib u tin g
m a il, and o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .
E x c lu d e p o s itio n s that r e q u ir e
o p e ra tio n o f a m o t o r v e h ic le as a s ig n ific a n t duty.

C la s s B . H an dles o r d e r s in v o lv in g ite m s w h ich h a ve r e a d ily id e n ­
t ifie d u ses and ap p lica tion s. M a y r e f e r to a c a ta lo g , m a n u fa c tu r e r 's m an u al,
o r s im ila r docum ent to in su re that p r o p e r ite m is su p p lied o r to v e r i f y
p r ic e o f o r d e r e d ite m .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s a te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le u sed w ith a p r iv a t e
branch exch a n ge ( P B X ) s y s te m to r e la y in c o m in g , ou tgo in g , and in tr a s y s te m
c a lls . M a y p r o v id e in fo rm a tio n to c a lle r s , r e c o r d and tr a n s m it m e s s a g e s ,
k e ep r e c o r d o f c a lls p la c e d and t o ll c h a r g e s . B e s id e s o p e r a tin g a te le p h o n e
s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le , m a y a ls o typ e o r p e r fo r m ro u tin e c le r i c a l w o rk
(ty p in g o r ro u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y o c c u p y the m a jo r p o r tio n o f the w o r k e r 's
tim e , and is u s u a lly p e r fo r m e d w h ile at the s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le ). C h ie f
o r le a d o p e r a to r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one o p e r a to r a r e '
exclu d ed . F o r an o p e r a to r who a ls o acts as a r e c e p tio n is t, s e e S w itch b oa rd
O p e r a t o r - R e c e p tio n is t .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T
A t a s in g le - p o s itio n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le , acts both as
an o p e r a to r — s e e S w itch b oa rd O p e r a to r — and as a r e c e p tio n is t.
R ecep­
t io n is t's w o r k in v o lv e s such d u ties as g r e e tin g v is it o r s ; d e te r m in in g nature
o f v i s i t o r 's b u sin ess and p r o v id in g a p p ro p ria te in fo rm a tio n ; r e f e r r in g v is it o r
to a p p ro p ria te p e rs o n in the o r g a n iz a tio n o r c o n ta c tin g that p e rs o n by t e le ­
phone and a r ra n g in g an ap poin tm en t; k e e p in g a lo g o f v is it o r s .
ORDER C LER K
R e c e iv e s w r itte n o r v e r b a l c u s to m e r s ' p u rch a s e o r d e r s fo r m a t e r ia l
o r m e r c h a n d is e fr o m c u s to m e rs o r s a le s p e o p le .
W o r k t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s
som e c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g d u tie s ;
Q u otin g p r ic e s ; d e te rm in in g
a v a ila b ility o f o r d e r e d ite m s and s u g g e s tin g s u b stitu tes w h en n e c e s s a r y ;
a d v is in g e x p e c te d d e l i v e r y date and m eth od o f d e liv e r y ; r e c o r d in g o r d e r and
c u s to m e r in fo rm a tio n on o r d e r s h e e ts ; c h e c k in g o r d e r sh e e ts fo r a c c u r a c y
and ad equ acy o f in fo rm a tio n r e c o r d e d ; a s c e rta in in g c r e d it r a tin g o f c u s to m e r;
fu rn is h in g c u s to m e r w ith a c k n o w le d g e m e n t o f r e c e ip t o f o r d e r ; fo llo w in g up
to s e e that o r d e r is d e liv e r e d b y the s p e c ifie d d ate o r to le t c u s to m e r know
o f a d e la y in d e l i v e r y ; m a in ta in in g o r d e r f i l e ; c h e c k in g ship p ing in v o ic e
a g a in s t o r ig in a l o r d e r .
E x c lu d e w o r k e r s p aid on a c o m m is s io n b a s is o r w h o s e d u ties in­
clude any o f the fo llo w in g : R e c e iv in g o r d e r s f o r s e r v ic e s r a th e r than f o r
m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e ; p r o v id in g c u s to m e rs w ith c o n s u lta tiv e a d v ic e u sin g
k n o w le d g e gain ed f r o m e n g in e e rin g o r e x te n s iv e te c h n ic a l tr a in in g ; em p h a­
s iz in g s e llin g s k ills ; handling m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e as an in t e g r a l p a r t
o f the jo b .




A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K
P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e accou n tin g c l e r i c a l task s such as p o s tin g to
r e g is t e r s and le d g e r s ; r e c o n c ilin g bank accou n ts; v e r if y in g the in te rn a l con­
s is te n c y , c o m p le te n e s s , and m a th e m a tic a l a c c u r a c y o f accou n tin g d ocu m en ts;
a s s ig n in g p r e s c r ib e d accounting d is trib u tio n c o d e s ; e x a m in in g and v e r ify in g
fo r c le r i c a l a c c u ra c y v a rio u s typ es o f r e p o r t s , l is t s , c a lc u la tio n s , p o s tin g ,
e tc .; o r p re p a r in g s im p le o r a s s is tin g in p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p lic a te d jo u rn a l
vou ch ers.
M a y w o rk in e ith e r a m an u al o r au tom ated accou n tin g s y s te m .
T h e w o rk r e q u ir e s a k n o w le d g e o f c l e r i c a l m eth o d s and o f f ic e p r a c ­
tic e s and p ro c e d u r e s w h ich r e la te s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s in g and r e c o r d in g
o f tra n s a c tio n s and accoun ting in fo r m a tio n .
W ith e x p e r ie n c e , the w o r k e r
t y p ic a lly b e c o m e s f a m ilia r w ith the b o o k k e e p in g and accou n tin g te r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s used in the assign ed w o rk , but is not r e q u ir e d to h a ve a k n o w le d g e
o f the fo r m a l p r in c ip le s o f b oo k k eep in g and accou n tin g.
P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s ;

a re c la s s ifie d

into

le v e l s

on

the b a s is p f

the

follo w in g -

C la s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s accou n tin g c l e r i c a l
o p e r a tio n s w h ich r e q u ir e the a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m e n t, f o r
e x a m p le , c le r ic a lly p r o c e s s in g c o m p lic a te d o r n o n r e p e titiv e accou n tin g
tr a n s a c tio n s , s e le c tin g am ong a su b sta n tia l v a r ie t y o f p r e s c r ib e d accou n tin g
cod es and c la s s ific a t io n s , o r tr a c in g tr a n s a c tio n s th rou gh p re v io u s a c ­
coun ting action s to d e te rm in e s o u rc e o f d is c r e p a n c ie s . M a y be a s s is te d by
one o r m o r e c la s s B accounting c le r k s .
C la s s B . U n d e r c lo s e s u p e rv is io n , fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s
and s ta n d a rd ize d p ro c e d u r e s , p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e ro u tin e accou n tin g c l e r ­
ic a l o p e r a tio n s , such as p ostin g to le d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o rk s h e e ts w h e r e
id e n tific a tio n o f ite m s and lo c a tio n s o f p o s tin g s a re c l e a r l y in d ic a te d ;
ch e c k in g a c c u ra c y and c o m p le te n e s s o f s ta n d a rd iz e d and r e p e t it iv e r e c o r d s
o r accou n tin g d ocu m en ts; and cod in g d ocu m en ts u sin g a fe w p r e s c r ib e d
accou n tin g co d e s .
B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s a b ook k eep in g m a c h in e (w ith o r w ith ou t a t y p e w r it e r k e y ­
b o a rd ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u sin ess tr a n s a c tio n s .
C la s s A . K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n o w le d g e o f and
e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic b oo k k eep in g p r in c ip le s , and f a m i l ia r i t y w ith the s tr u c tu r e
o f the p a r tic u la r accou n ting s y s te m u sed .
D e te r m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d is trib u tio n o f d eb it and c r e d it ite m s to be u s e d in each p h ase o f the w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n so lid a te d r e p o r ts , b a la n ce s h e e ts , and o th e r r e c o r d s b y hand.

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

KEY ENTRY OPERATOR— Continued

C la s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h ases o r s e c tio n s o f
a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly r e q u ir in g lit t le k n o w led g e o f b a s ic b oo k k eep in g .
P h a s e s o r s e c tio n s in clu d e accounts p a y a b le, p a y ro ll, c u s to m e r s ' accounts
(n o t in clu d in g a s im p le ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d under m a c h in e b i l l e r ) , c o s t
d is trib u tio n , e x p e n s e d is trib u tio n , in v e n to ry con tro l, e tc .
M a y ch eck o r
a s s is t in p r e p a r a tio n o f t r i a l b ala n ces and p r e p a r e c o n tro l sh eets fo r the
accou n tin g d e p a rtm e n t.

C la s s B . W o rk is rou tin e and r e p e t it iv e .
U n d er c lo s e su p er­
v is io n o r fo llo w in g s p e c ific p ro c e d u r e s o r in s tru c tio n s , w o rk s fr o m variou s
sta n d a rd ize d s o u rc e d ocu m ents w h ich h ave b een cod ed , and fo llo w s s p ec ­
ifie d p ro c e d u r e s w h ich have b een p r e s c r ib e d in d e ta il and r e q u ire lit t le or
no s e le c tin g , cod in g, o r in te r p re tin g o f data to be r e c o r d e d .
R e fe r s to
s u p e r v is o r p ro b le m s a r is in g fr o m e rro n e o u s ite m s o r codes o r m is s in g
in fo rm a tio n .

M A C H IN E B I L L E R
P r e p a r e s s ta te m e n ts , b ills , and in v o ic e s on a m a c h in e o th e r than
an o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a t ic t y p e w r it e r . M a y also k eep r e c o r d s as to b illin g s
o r ship p ing c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r c le r ic a l w o rk in c id e n ta l to b illin g
o p e r a tio n s .
F o r w a g e stu dy p u rp o s es , m a c h in e b ille r s a re c la s s ifie d by
ty p e o f m a c h in e , as fo llo w s :
B illin g - m a c h in e b i l l e r . U s e s a s p e c ia l b illin g m a c h in e (c o m b in a tio n
ty p in g and adding m a c h in e ) to p r e p a r e b ills and in v o ic e s fr o m c u s to m e r s '
p u rc h a s e o r d e r s ,
in t e r n a lly p re p a r e d o r d e r s , shipping m e m o ra n d a , e tc .
U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a tio n o f p r e d e te r m in e d discounts and ship p ing c h a rg e s
and e n try o f n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y not be com p u ted on
the b illin g m a c h in e , and to ta ls w h ich a re a u to m a tic a lly accu m u lated by
m a c h in e .
T h e o p e r a tio n u s u a lly in v o lv e s a la r g e num ber o f c a rb o n c o p ie s
o f the b ill b e in g p r e p a r e d and is often done on a fa n fo ld m a c h in e .
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e b ille r . U s e s a bookk eep in g m a c h in e (w ith o r
w ith o u t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a rd ) to p r e p a r e c u s to m e rs ' b ills as p a r t o f the
accoun ts r e c e iv a b le o p e r a tio n . G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s the sim u ltan eo u s e n tr y o f
fig u r e s on c u s to m e rs ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m ach in e a u to m a tic a lly accu m u lates
fig u r e s on a n u m b er o f v e r t i c a l colum ns and com putes and u s u a lly p rin ts
a u to m a tic a lly the d e b it o r c r e d it b a la n c e s .
D oes not in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e
o f b o o k k e e p in g .
W o rk s fr o m u n ifo rm and standard ty p es o f s a le s and
c r e d it s lip s .

Professional and Technical
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINE SS
A n a ly z e s b u sin ess p ro b le m s to fo r m u la te p ro c e d u r e s fo r so lv in g
th em by use o f e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g equ ip m en t. D e v e lo p s a c om p lete
d e s c r ip tio n o f a ll s p e c ific a tio n s needed to en ab le p r o g r a m m e r s to p re p a re
r e q u ir e d d ig it a l c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
A n a ly z e s s u b je c t-m a tte r o p e ra tio n s to be autom ated and id e n tifie s conditions
and c r i t e r i a r e q u ir e d to a c h ie v e s a tis fa c to r y r e s u lts ; s p e c ifie s num ber and
ty p es o f r e c o r d s , f ile s , and docum ents to be used; ou tlin es actions to be
p e r fo r m e d by p e rs o n n e l and c o m p u te rs in s u ffic ie n t d e ta il fo r p re s e n ta tion
to m a n a g e m e n t and fo r p r o g r a m m in g (t y p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p re p a ra tio n o f
w o r k and data flo w c h a r ts ); c o o rd in a te s the d e v e lo p m e n t o f te s t p ro b lem s and
p a r tic ip a te s in triad runs o f new and r e v is e d s y s te m s ; and reco m m en d s
e qu ip m en t chan ges to ob tain m o r e e ffe c t iv e o v e r a l l o p e ra tio n s .
(N O T E :
W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a lys is and p r o g r a m m in g should be c la s ­
s ifie d as s y s te m s an alysts if th is is the s k ill used to d e te rm in e th e ir p ay.)
D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s ib le fo r the m a n a g e ­
m en t o r s u p e rv is io n o f o th e r e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r s y s ­
te m s an alysts p r im a r ily c o n c e rn e d w ith s c ie n tific o r e n g in e e rin g p ro b le m s .

P A Y R O L L CLERK

For

P e r f o r m s the c l e r i c a l task s n e c e s s a r y to p r o c e s s p a y r o lls and to
m a in ta in p a y r o ll r e c o r d s . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P r o c e s s in g
w o r k e r s ' tim e o r p ro d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; adjustin g w o r k e r s ' r e c o r d s f o r chan ges
in w a g e r a te s , s u p p le m e n ta ry b e n e fits , o r tax d edu ction s; e d itin g p a y r o ll
lis t in g s a g a in s t s o u r c e r e c o r d s ; tr a c in g and c o r r e c tin g e r r o r s in lis t in g s ;
and a s s is tin g in p r e p a r a tio n o f p e r io d ic s u m m a ry p a y r o ll r e p o r t s . In a nonau tom ated p a y r o ll s y s te m , c om p u tes w a g e s . W o rk m a y r e q u ir e a p r a c t ic a l
k n o w le d g e o f g o v e r n m e n t a l re g u la tio n s , com p an y p a y r o ll p o lic y , o r the
c o m p u te r s y s te m f o r p r o c e s s in g p a y r o lls .
KEY ENTRY O PERATO R
O p e r a te s a k eypu n ch m a c h in e to r e c o r d o r v e r if y a lp h a b etic and/or
n u m e r ic data on tab u la tin g c a r d s o r on tap e.
P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s :

a r e c la s s ifie d

into

le v e ls on

the b a sis o f

the

study

p u rp o s e s ,

s y s te m s

an alysts

a re

c la s s ifie d

as

C la s s A . W o rk s in d ep en d en tly o r under o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
c o m p le x p ro b le m s in v o lv in g a ll phases o f s y s te m s a n a ly s is . P r o b le m s a re
c o m p le x b e ca u s e o f d iv e r s e s o u rc e s o f input data and m u ltip le -u s e r e q u ir e ­
m en ts o f output data.
( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in te g ra te d p ro d u ction
sch ed u lin g , in v e n to r y c o n tro l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n alysis r e c o r d in
w h ich e v e r y ite m o f each typ e is a u to m a tic a lly p r o c e s s e d through the fu ll
s y s te m o f r e c o r d s and a p p ro p ria te fo llo w u p actions a re in itia ted by the
c o m p u te r.) C o n fe r s w ith p e rs o n s c o n ce rn e d to d e te r m in e the data p ro c e s s in g
p ro b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c t - m a t te r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s o f new
o r r e v is e d s y s te m s o f data p r o c e s s in g o p e ra tio n s . M ak es reco m m en d a tio n s,
if n eed ed , f o r a p p ro v a l o f m a jo r s y s te m s in s ta lla tio n s o r changes and fo r
o b ta in in g e q u ip m e n t

fo llo w in g

C la s s A . W o r k r e q u ir e s the a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m e n t
in s e le c tin g p r o c e d u r e s to b e fo llo w e d and in s e a rc h in g fo r , in te r p r e tin g ,
s e le c t in g , o r c o d in g ite m s to be keypunched fro m a v a r ie t y o f s o u r c e docu­
m e n ts .
On o c c a s io n m a y a ls o p e r fo r m s om e rou tin e keypunch w o r k . M a y
tr a in in e x p e r ie n c e d keypun ch o p e r a to r s .




w age

fo llo w s :

M a y p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l
who a r e a s s ign e d to a s s is t.

d ir e c tio n to

lo w e r l e v e l

system s

analysts

C la s s B . W o rk s in d e p en d en tly o r u n der o n ly g e n e ra l d ire c tio n on
p r o b le m s that a r e r e la t iv e ly u n co m p lic a te d to a n a ly z e , plan, p ro g r a m , and
o p e r a te . P r o b le m s a re o f lim it e d c o m p le x ity b e ca u s e s o u rc e s o f input data
a r e h om ogen eou s and the output data a r e c lo s e ly r e la te d .
( F o r exam p le,

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U SIN E S S— C ontinued

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B U SINE SS— C ontinued

d e v e lo p s s y s te m s fo r m a in ta in in g d e p o s ito r accounts in a bank, m a in ta in in g
accounts r e c e iv a b le in a r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n t, o r m a in ta in in g in v e n to ry
accounts in a m a n u fa c tu rin g o r w h o le s a le e s ta b lis h m e n t.) C o n fe r s w ith p e r ­
sons c o n c e rn e d to d e te r m in e the data p r o c e s s in g p ro b le m s and a d v is es
s u b je c t-m a tte r p e rs o n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s o f the data p r o c e s s in g s ys te m s
to be ap p lied .

A t this le v e l, p ro g r a m m in g is d iffic u lt b e ca u s e c om p u te r equ ip m en t
m u st be o r g a n iz e d to p ro d u c e s e v e r a l in t e r r e la t e d but d iv e r s e p ro d u cts fr o m
nu m erous and d iv e r s e d ata e le m e n ts . A w id e v a r ie t y and e x te n s iv e nu m ber
o f interned p ro c e s s in g actions m u s t o c c u r .
T h is r e q u ir e s such a ction s as
d e v e lo p m e n t of com m on o p e ra tio n s w h ich can be re u s e d , e s ta b lis h m e n t o f
lin k a g e p oin ts b etw een o p e ra tio n s , ad ju stm en ts to d ata when p r o g r a m r e ­
q u ire m e n ts ex c e e d c o m p u te r s to r a g e c a p a c ity , and s u b stan tial m a n ip u la tio n
and re s e q u e n cin g o f data e le m e n ts to fo r m a h ig h ly in te g r a te d p r o g r a m .

OR
W o rk s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s in g sc h e m e o r
s y s te m , as d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A . W o rk s in d e p en d en tly on ro u tin e a s s ig n ­
m en ts and r e c e iv e s in s tru c tio n and gu id ance on c o m p le x a s s ig n m e n ts . W o rk
is r e v ie w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m en t, c o m p lia n c e w ith in s tru c tio n s , and to
in su re p r o p e r a lig n m e n t w ith the o v e r a ll s y s te m .
C la s s C . W o rk s under im m e d ia te s u p e rv is io n , c a r r y in g out an aly­
ses as a s s ig n e d , u s u a lly o f a s in g le a c tiv ity . A s s ig n m e n ts a re d e s ig n e d to
d e v e lo p and expand p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e in the a p p lic a tio n o f p ro c e d u r e s and
s k ills r e q u ir e d fo r s y s te m s a n a ly s is w o r k . F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s is t a h ig h e r
l e v e l s y s te m s a n a lys t by p r e p a r in g the d e ta ile d s p e c ific a tio n s r e q u ir e d by
p r o g r a m m e r s fr o m
in fo r m a tio n d e v e lo p e d by the h ig h e r l e v e l a n a lys t.

M a y p ro v id e fu n ction al d ir e c tio n to lo w e r l e v e l
a r e a s s ign e d to a s s is t.

p r o g r a m m e r s who

C la s s B . W o rk s in d ep en d en tly o r u n der o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
r e la t iv e ly s im p le p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le s e g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e gm e n ts ) u s u a lly p r o c e s s in fo rm a tio n to p ro d u c e data in tw o
o r th re e v a r ie d sequ en ces o r fo r m a ts . R e p o r ts and lis tin g s a r e p ro d u ced by
r e fin in g , adapting, a r ra y in g , o r m a k in g m in o r ad d ition s to o r d e le tio n s fr o m
input d ata w hich a re r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m erou s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the data have b een r e fin e d in p r i o r a ctio n s so that the a c c u r a c y
and sequ en cin g o f data can be te s te d b y u sin g a f e w ro u tin e c h e c k s.
T y p ic a lly , the p ro g r a m d ea ls w ith r o u t i n e
r e c o r d k e e p in g o p e r a tio n s .
OR

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B U SIN E S S
C o n v e r ts s ta te m e n ts o f b u sin ess p r o b le m s , ty p ic a lly p re p a r e d by a
s y s te m s a n a lys t, into a sequ en ce o f d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s w h ich a re r e q u ire d
to s o lv e the p ro b le m s by a u tom atic d ata p r o c e s s in g equ ip m en t. W o rk in g fr o m
ch arts o r d ia g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s the p r e c is e in s tru c tio n s w h ich ,
when e n te r e d into the c o m p u te r s y s te m in cod ed la n gu a ge , cau se the m an ip u ­
la tio n o f d ata to a c h ie v e d e s ir e d r e s u lt s .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the
fo llo w in g : A p p lie s k n o w le d g e o f c o m p u te r c a p a b ilitie s , m a th e m a tic s , lo g ic
em p lo yed b y c o m p u te rs , and p a r tic u la r s u b je ct m a tte r in v o lv e d to an a lyze
ch arts and d ia g r a m s o f the p ro b le m to be p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s s equ en ce o f
p ro g r a m s te p s; w r it e s d e ta ile d flo w c h a rts to show o r d e r in w h ich data w ill
be p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r ts th e s e c h a rts to cod ed in s tru c tio n s f o r m a c h in e to
fo llo w ; te s ts and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s tru c tio n s f o r o p e ra tin g
p e rs o n n e l d u rin g p ro d u c tio n run; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lte r s p r o g r a m s to
in c r e a s e o p e r a tin g e f fic ie n c y o r adapt to new r e q u ir e m e n ts ; m a in ta in s r e ­
c o rd s o f p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t and r e v is io n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g
both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g should be c la s s ifie d as s y s te m s
an alysts i f this is the s k ill used to d e te r m in e th e ir p a y .)
D o e s not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le f o r the m a n a g e ­
m en t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o th e r e le c t r o n ic d ata p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o ­
g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e rn e d w ith s c ie n t ific and/or e n g in e e rin g p r o b le m s .
F o r w a g e study p u rp o s e s , p r o g r a m m e r s

a re c la s s ifie d

as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W o rk s in d e p en d en tly o r under o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s w h ich r e q u ir e c o m p e te n c e in a ll p h ases o f p ro g r a m m in g
con cep ts and p r a c t ic e s .
W o rk in g fr o m d ia g ra m s and c h a rts w h ich id e n tify
the n ature o f d e s ir e d r e s u lt s , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g step s to be a c c o m p lis h e d ,
and the re la tio n s h ip s b e tw e e n v a r io u s step s o f the p ro b le m s o lv in g rou tin e;
plans the fu ll ra n g e o f p r o g r a m m in g a ctio n s need ed to e ffic ie n t ly u t iliz e the
c om p u te r s y s te m in a c h ie v in g d e s ir e d end p ro d u c ts .




W o rk s on c o m p le x p ro g r a m s (a s d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A ) u n d er c lo s e
d ir e c tio n o f a h ig h e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s is t h ig h e r
l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r by ind ep end ently p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt task s a s s ign e d ,
and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt tasks u n der f a i r l y c lo s e d ir e c tio n .
M a y guide o r in s tru c t lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s C . M ak es p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t ic e s
and con cep ts u su ally le a r n e d in f o r m a l tr a in in g c o u r s e s . A s s ig n m e n ts a re
d e s ig n e d to d e ve lo p co m p eten c e in the a p p lic a tio n o f stan dard p ro c e d u r e s to
rou tin e p ro b le m s .
R e c e iv e s c lo s e s u p e r v is io n on new a s p e cts o f a s s ig n ­
m en ts ; and w o rk is r e v ie w e d to v e r i f y its a c c u r a c y and c o n fo rm a n c e w ith
r e q u ir e d p ro c e d u r e s .
C O M PU TE R O PERATO R
M o n ito r s and o p e r a te s the c o n tr o l c o n s o le o f a d ig it a l c o m p u te r to
p r o c e s s d ata a ccord in g to o p e ra tin g in s tr u c tio n s , u s u a lly p r e p a r e d b y a p r o ­
g ra m m er.
W o rk in clu d es m o s t o f the fo llo w in g ; Studies in s tru c tio n s to
d e te rm in e equipm en t setup and o p e r a tio n s ; loa d s e qu ip m en t w ith r e q u ir e d
ite m s (ta p e r e e ls , c a r d s , e tc .); s w itc h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia r y equ ip m en t into
c ir c u it , and s ta rts and o p e ra te s c o m p u te r; m a k es ad ju stm en ts to c o m p u te r to
c o r r e c t o p e ra tin g p ro b le m s and m e e t s p e c ia l c o n d itio n s ; r e v ie w s e r r o r s
m ad e d u rin g o p e ra tio n and d e te rm in e s c a u se o r r e f e r s p ro b le m to s u p e r v is o r
o r p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a in ta in s o p e r a tin g r e c o r d s .
M a y te s t and a s s is t in
c o r r e c t in g p ro g r a m .
F o r w age

study

p u rp o s es ,

c o m p u te r

o p e r a to r s

a re

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :
C la s s A . O p e ra te s in d ep en d en tly , o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n ,
a c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s ;
N e w p r o g r a m s a re fr e q u e n tly te s te d and in tro d u ce d ; sch ed u lin g r e q u ire m e n ts

30

COMPUTER OPERATOR— Continued

D RAFTER— Continued

a re o f c r i t i c a l im p o rta n c e to m in im iz e d ow n tim e; the p r o g r a m s a re o f
c o m p le x d e s ig n so that id e n tific a tio n o f e r r o r s o u rc e often r e q u ir e s a w o rk in g
k n o w le d g e o f the to ta l p r o g r a m , and a lte rn a te p ro g r a m s m a y not be a v a ila b le .
M a y g iv e d ir e c t io n and gu id an ce to lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a to r s .

C la s s C . P r e p a r e s d e ta il d ra w in g s o f s in g le units o r p a rts fo r
e n g in e e rin g , c o n stru c tio n , m a n u fa c tu rin g, o r r e p a ir p u rp o s es .
Types of
d ra w in g s p re p a r e d in clu d e is o m e t r ic p r o je c t io n s (d e p ic tin g th re e d im en sio n s
in a c c u ra te s c a le ) and s e c tio n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s itio n in g o f com ponents
and c o n v e y needed in fo rm a tio n .
C o n s o lid a te s d e ta ils fr o m a num ber o f
s o u rc e s and adjusts o r tra n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ir e d . Su ggested m ethods o f
ap p roach , a p p lic a b le p re c e d e n ts , and a d v ic e on s o u rc e m a te r ia ls are g ive n
w ith in itia l a s s ig n m e n ts . In s tru c tio n s a re le s s c o m p le te when assign m en ts
recu r.
W o r k m a y be s p o t-c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

C la s s B . O p e r a t e s in d ep en d en tly, o r under o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n ,
a c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s :
M o s t o f the p r o g r a m s a r e e s ta b lis h e d p ro d u ction runs, ty p ic a lly run on a
r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; th e r e is lit t le o r no te s tin g o f new p r o g r a m s
r e q u ir e d ; a lte r n a te p r o g r a m s a re p ro v id e d in c a s e o r ig in a l p r o g r a m needs
m a jo r chan ge o r cann ot be c o r r e c t e d w ith in a re a s o n a b ly s h o rt tim e .
In
co m m o n e r r o r s itu a tio n s , d ia g n o s e s cau se and tak es c o r r e c t iv e ac tio n . T h is
u s u a lly in v o lv e s ap p lyin g p r e v io u s ly p ro g r a m m e d c o r r e c t iv e s te p s , o r using
sta n d a rd c o r r e c t io n te c h n iq u e s .

D R A F T E R -T R A C E R
C o p ie s
cloth o r p a p e r
inclu d e tr a c in g
la r g e s c a le not

plans and d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d by o th e rs by p la cin g tra c in g
o v e r d ra w in g s and tr a c in g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
(D oes not
lim ite d to plans p r i m a r i l y c o n s is tin g o f s tra ig h t lin e s and a
r e q u ir in g c lo s e d e lin e a tio n .)
AND /O R

OR
O p e r a t e s u n d er d ir e c t s u p e rv is io n a c om p u te r running p r o g r a m s o r
s e g m e n ts o f p r o g r a m s w ith the c h a r a c t e r is t ic s d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A . M a y
a s s is t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r b y in d ep en d en tly p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt task s
a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt task s fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s and
w ith fr e q u e n t r e v ie w o f o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d .
C la s s C . W o rk s on rou tin e p ro g r a m s under c lo s e s u p e rv is io n . Is
e x p e c te d to d e v e lo p w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f the com p u ter e q u ip m en t u sed and
a b ility to d e te c t p r o b le m s in v o lv e d in running rou tin e p r o g r a m s . U s u a lly has
r e c e iv e d s o m e fo r m a l tr a in in g in c o m p u te r o p e ra tio n .
M a y a s s is t h ig h e r
l e v e l o p e r a t o r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
D RAFTER
C la s s A . P la n s the g ra p h ic p re s e n ta tio n o f c o m p le x ite m s havin g
d is t in c t iv e d e s ig n fe a tu r e s that d if fe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m e s ta b lis h e d d ra ftin g
p r e c e d e n ts .
W o r k s in c lo s e su p p ort w ith the d e sig n o r ig in a t o r , and m a y
r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n ge s . A n a ly z e s the e ffe c t o f each ch an ge on the
d e ta ils o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , and p o s itio n a l re la tio n s h ip s o f com p on en ts and
p a r ts .
W o r k s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is ta n c e . C o m p le te d w o rk
is r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r f o r c o n s is te n c y w ith p r io r e n g in e e rin g
d e te r m in a t io n s . M a y e ith e r p r e p a r e d ra w in g s o r d ir e c t th e ir p r e p a r a tio n by
lo w e r l e v e l d r a ft e r s .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s n onrou tine and c o m p le x d r a ftin g a s s ign m e n ts
th a t r e q u ir e the a p p lic a tio n o f m o s t o f the sta n d a rd ize d d ra w in g tech n iqu es
r e g u la r ly u s e d .
D u tie s t y p ic a lly in v o lv e such w o r k as:
P r e p a r e s w o rk in g
d ra w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith ir r e g u la r shapes, m u ltip le fu n c tio n s , and
p r e c i s e p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s b e tw e e n com p on en ts; p r e p a r e s a r c h ite c tu r a l
d ra w in g s f o r c o n s tru c tio n o f a b u ild in g in clu d in g d e ta il d ra w in g s o f foun­
d a tio n s , w a ll s e c t io n s , f l o o r p lan s, and r o o f. U s e s a c c e p te d fo r m u la s
and m an u a ls in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y com p u tation s to d e te rm in e q u a n titie s o f
m a t e r ia ls to b e u sed , lo a d c a p a c itie s , s tren g th s , s t r e s s e s , e tc . R e c e iv e s
in it ia l in s tr u c tio n s , r e q u ir e m e n ts , and a d v ic e fr o m s u p e r v is o r . C o m p le te d
w o r k is c h e c k ed f o r te c h n ic a l adequ acy.




P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e t it iv e d ra w in g s o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d ite m s .
W o rk is c lo s e ly s u p e r v is e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .
E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N
W o rk s on v a rio u s typ es o f e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m en t and r e la te d d e v ic e s
by p e r fo r m in g one o r a com b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : In s ta llin g , m ain ta in in g,
r e p a ir in g , o v e rh a u lin g , tro u b le s h o o tin g , m o d ify in g , co n stru c tin g, and te s tin g .
W o rk r e q u ir e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n o f te c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e o f e le c tro n ic s
p r in c ip le s , a b ility to d e te r m in e m a lfu n c tio n s , and s k ill to put equipm ent in
r e q u ir e d o p e r a tin g con d ition .
T h e equ ip m en t— c o n s is tin g o f e ith e r m a n y d iffe r e n t kinds o f c irc u its
o r m u ltip le r e p e titio n o f the sam e kind o f c ir c u it— in c lu d e s , but is not lim ite d
to, the fo llo w in g : (a ) E le c t r o n ic tr a n s m ittin g and r e c e iv in g equipm en t (e .g .,
r a d a r, r a d io , t e le v is io n , te le p h o n e , s on a r, n a v ig a tio n a l a id s ), (b) d ig ita l and
an alog c o m p u te rs , and (c ) in d u s tria l and m e d ic a l m e a s u rin g and c o n tro llin g
equ ip m en t.
T h is c la s s ific a t io n exc lu d e s r e p a ir e r s o f such standard e le c tro n ic
equ ip m en t as com m o n o f f ic e m a c h in e s and h ou sehold ra d io and te le v is io n
s e ts ; p ro d u c tio n a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y duty is
s e r v ic in g e le c t r o n ic te s t in s tru m e n ts ; te c h n icia n s who h ave a d m in is tra tiv e
o r s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y ; and d r a ft e r s , d e s ig n e r s , and p ro fe s s io n a l
e n g in e e r s .
P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s .

a re c la s s ifie d

into

le v e ls on

the b a s is o f the

fo llo w in g

C la s s A . A p p lie s advanced te c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e unusually
c o m p le x p ro b le m s (i . e . , th ose that ty p ic a lly cannot be s o lv e d s o le ly by r e f e r ­
en ce to m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m anu als o r s im ila r d o cu m en ts) in w o rk in g on e le c ­
tr o n ic equ ip m en t. E x a m p le s o f such p ro b le m s in clu d e lo c a tio n and d e n s ity o f
c ir c u it r y , e le c t r o m a g n e tic ra d ia tio n , is o la tin g m a lfu n c tio n s , and fre q u en t
e n g in e e rin g c h an ges. W o r k in v o lv e s : A d e ta ile d u n derstan d in g o f the in te r ­
re la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s ; e x e r c is in g indep en d en t ju d g m e n t in p e r fo r m in g such
task s as m a k in g c ir c u it a n a ly s e s , c a lc u la tin g w a v e f o r m s ," tra c in g r e la tio n ­
ships in s ig n a l flo w ; and r e g u la r ly u sin g c o m p le x te s t in stru m en ts (e .g ., dual
tr a c e o s c illo s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia tio n m e t e r s , p u ls e g e n e r a t o r s ).

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — C ontinued

M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R — C ontinued

W o rk m a y be r e v ie w e d by s u p e r v is o r (fr e q u e n tly an e n g in e e r o r
d e s ig n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p lia n c e w ith a ccep ted p r a c t ic e s .
M a y p r o v id e
te c h n ica l gu id an ce to lo w e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s .

la y in g out o f w o rk fro m b lu ep rin ts, d ra w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tru c tio n s ;
u sin g a v a r ie t y o f c a r p e n te r 's han d tools, p o r ta b le p o w e r to o ls , and stan dard
m e a s u rin g in stru m en ts; m ak in g stan dard shop com p u tation s r e la tin g to d i­
m en s io n s o f w o rk ; and s e le c tin g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y fo r the w o rk .
In
g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce c a r p e n te r r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g
and e x p e rie n c e u su ally a c q u ire d through a f o r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .

C la s s B . A p p lie s c o m p re h e n s iv e te c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e c o m ­
p le x p ro b le m s ( i . e . , th o s e that .ty p ic a lly can be s o lv e d s o le ly by p r o p e r ly
in te r p re tin g m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m an u als o r s im ila r d ocu m en ts) in w o rk in g on
e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m en t. W o rk in v o lv e s : A f a m ilia r it y w ith the in t e r r e la t io n ­
ships o f c ir c u it s ; and ju d g m e n t in d e te rm in in g w o rk sequ en ce and in s e le c tin g
to o ls and te s tin g in s tru m e n ts , u s u a lly le s s c o m p le x than th ose used by the
c la s s A tec h n icia n .

M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R IC IA N

R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l gu idance, as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r
le v e l te c h n icia n , and w o r k is r e v ie w e d fo r s p e c ific c o m p lia n c e w ith a ccep ted
p r a c t ic e s and w o r k a s s ig n m e n ts .
M a y p r o v id e te c h n ic a l guidance to lo w e r
l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s .
C la s s C . A p p lie s w o rk in g te c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to p e r fo r m s im p le o r
rou tin e tasks in w o rk in g on e le c t r o n ic equ ip m en t, fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tr u c ­
tions w h ich c o v e r v ir t u a lly a ll p ro c e d u r e s .
W o rk ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s such
tasks as; A s s is t in g h ig h e r l e v e l tech n icia n s b y p e r fo r m in g such a c tiv itie s as
r e p la c in g com p on en ts, w ir in g c ir c u it s , and takin g te s t r e a d in g s ; r e p a ir in g
s im p le e le c t r o n ic equ ip m en t; and using to o ls and com m o n te s t in stru m en ts
(e .g ., m u ltim e t e r s , audio s ig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tube t e s t e r s , o s c illo s c o p e s ).
Is not r e q u ir e d to be fa m ilia r w ith the in te r r e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s . T h is
k n o w le d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y be a c q u ire d th rough as s ign m e n ts d e sig n e d to
in c r e a s e c o m p e te n c e (in c lu d in g c la s s r o o m tr a in in g ) so that w o r k e r can ,
advance to h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n icia n .
R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l guidance, as r e q u ire d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r
le v e l te c h n icia n . W o r k is ty p ic a lly sp ot ch eck ed , but is g iv e n d e ta ile d r e v ie w
when new o r advanced a s sign m en ts a re in v o lv e d .
R E G IS T E R E D IN D U S T R IA L N U R S E
A r e g is t e r e d n u rse who g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e u n der g e n e r a l m e d ic a l
d ir e c tio n to i l l o r in ju re d e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e rs o n s who b e c o m e i l l o r
s u ffe r an a c c id e n t on the p r e m is e s o f a fa c t o r y o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
D u ties in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t aid to the i l l o r
in ju red ; atten ding to subsequent d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k e ep in g
r e c o r d s o f p atien ts tr e a te d ; p re p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r ts f o r co m p en s a tio n o r
oth er p u rp o s e s ; a s s is tin g in p h y s ic a l exa m in a tion s and h ealth e v a lu a tio n s o f
applicants and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y in g out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g
health ed u cation , a c c id e n t p re v e n tio n , e v a lu a tio n o f plant e n v iro n m e n t, o r
o th e r a c tiv itie s a ffe c tin g the health, w e lf a r e , and s a fe ty o f a ll p e rs o n n e l.
N u rs in g s u p e r v is o r s o r head n u rses in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than
one nu rse a re exclu d ed .

M A IN T E N A N C E P A IN T E R
P a in ts and r e d e c o r a te s w a lls , w o o d w o rk , and fix tu r e s o f an es ta b ­
lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s the fo llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r fa c e p e c u lia r it ie s
and ty p es o f paint re q u ire d f o r d iffe r e n t a p p lic a tio n s ; p r e p a r in g s u r fa c e
fo r p ainting by re m o v in g old fin ish o r by p la c in g putty o r f i l l e r in n a il
h o le s and in t e r s tic e s ; and applyin g p a in t w ith s p r a y gun o r bru sh .
M ay
m ix c o lo r s , o ils , w h ite le a d , and o th e r pain t in g r e d ie n ts to obtain p r o p e r
c o lo r o r co n sis te n cy .
In g e n e ra l, the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e p a in te r
r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ire d through a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic es h ip o r equ iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E M A C H IN IS T
P ro d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a rts and new p a rts in m a k in g r e p a ir s o f
m e ta l p a rts o f m e c h a n ic a l equipm en t o p e r a te d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk
in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In te r p r e tin g w r itte n in s tru c tio n s and s p e c i­
fic a tio n s ; planning and la y in g out o f w o rk ; u sin g a v a r i e t y o f m a c h in is t's
handtools and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; s e ttin g up and o p e ra tin g
stan dard m ach in e to o ls ; shaping o f m e t a l p a rts to c lo s e to le r a n c e s ; m ak in g
stan dard shop com putations r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o rk , to o lin g , fe e d s ,
and sp eed s o f m ach in in g; k n o w led g e o f the w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s o f the com m o n
m e ta ls ; s e le c tin g standard m a te r ia ls , p a r ts , and equ ip m en t r e q u ir e d fo r this
w o rk ; and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a r ts into m e c h a n ic a l equ ip m en t.
In
g e n e r a l, the m a c h in is t's w o rk n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rounded tr a in in g in
m a c h in e -s h o p p r a c tic e u su a lly a c q u ire d th rou gh a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M a c h in e r y )

M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R

R e p a irs m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m en t o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l
equ ip m en t to d ia g n ose s o u rc e o f tr o u b le ; d is m a n tlin g o r p a r tly d is m a n tlin g
m a ch in es and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly in v o lv e the use o f han d tools in
s c ra p in g and fittin g p a rts ; r e p la c in g b ro k e n o r d e fe c t iv e p a rts w ith ite m s

P e r f o r m s the c a r p e n tr y du ties n e c e s s a r y to c o n s tru c t and m a in ta in
in good r e p a ir b u ild in g w o o d w o rk and equ ip m en t such as b in s, c rib s , c o u n ters,
b en ch es, p a r titio n s , d o o rs , flo o r s , s t a ir s , c a s in g s , and tr im m ad e o f w ood
in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P la n n in g and




P e r fo r m s a v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic a l tr a d e fu n ctio n s such as the in s ta l­
la tio n , m ain ten an ce, o r r e p a ir o f equ ip m en t fo r the g e n e ra tio n , d is trib u tio n ,
o r u tiliz a tio n o f e le c t r ic e n e r g y in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t
o f the fo llo w in g : In sta llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r ic a l equipm en t such as g e n e r a to r s , tr a n s fo r m e r s , s w itc h b o a rd s , c o n t r o lle r s , c ir c u it
b r e a k e r s , m o to r s , h eating units, conduit s y s te m s , o r o th e r tr a n s m is s io n
equ ip m en t; w o rk in g fr o m b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s , la y o u ts, o r o th e r s p e c ifi­
ca tio n s; lo c a tin g and d iagn osin g tro u b le in the e l e c t r i c a l s y s te m o r equ ip ­
m en t; w o rk in g standard com putations r e la tin g to loa d r e q u ire m e n ts o f w ir in g
o r e le c t r ic a l equipm ent; and using a v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic ia n 's h andtools and
m e a s u rin g and te s tin g in stru m en ts. In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in ten an ce
e le c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ire d through
a fo r m a l a p p re n tic es h ip o r equ iva len t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

32

M A I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M a c h in e r y )— C ontinued

M IL L W R IG H T

ob ta in ed f r o m s to c k ; o r d e r in g the p ro d u ction o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t by a
m a c h in e shop o r sen d in g the m a c h in e to a m a ch in e shop f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s ;
p r e p a r in g w r it t e n s p e c ific a tio n s f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r f o r the p ro d u c tio n o f
p a rts o r d e r e d fr o m m a c h in e shops; re a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m a k in g a ll
n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm en ts f o r o p e ra tio n . In g e n e ra l, the w o rk o f a m a c h in e r y
m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly
a c q u ire d th rou gh a f o r m a l a p p re n tic es h ip c r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i­
e n c e . E x c lu d e d fr o m th is c la s s ific a t io n a re w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y duties
in v o lv e s e ttin g up o r a d ju stin g m a c h in e s .

In s ta lls new m a c h in e s o r h e a v y equ ip m en t, and d is m a n tle s and
in s ta lls m a c h in e s o r h e a v y equ ip m en t w hen chan ges in the plant la y o u t a re
r e q u ir e d .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P la n n in g and la y in g out
w o rk ; in te r p r e tin g b lu e p rin ts o r o th e r s p e c ific a tio n s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f handto o ls and r ig g in g ; m a k in g stan dard shop com p u tation s re la tin g to s tr e s s e s ,
s tren gth o f m a t e r ia ls , and c e n te r s o f g r a v ity ; alig n in g and b alan cin g equ ip ­
m en t; s e le c tin g stan dard to o ls , equ ip m en t, and p a rts to be used; and in s ta llin g
and m a in ta in in g in good o r d e r p o w e r tr a n s m is s io n equ ip m en t such as d r iv e s
and sp eed r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a
rounded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in the tra d e a c q u ire d through a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M o to r v e h ic le )
R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u ses, m o to rtr u c k s , and tr a c to r s o f an e s ta b ­
lis h m e n t. W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g ; E xa m in in g a u to m o tiv e equip­
m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f tro u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g equ ip m en t and p e r fo r m in g
r e p a ir s that in v o lv e * th e u se o f such handtools as w re n c h e s , g a u g es , d r ills ,
o r s p e c ia liz e d e q u ip m en t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a r ts ; r e p la c in g b ro k en
o r d e fe c t iv e p a rts f r o m s to c k ; g rin d in g and adjusting v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g
and in s ta llin g the v a r io u s a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le and m ak in g n e c e s s a r y
a d ju stm en ts; and a lig n in g w h e e ls , adjustin g b ra k es and lig h ts , o r tig h te n in g
b od y b o lts . In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m o to r v e h ic le m a in ten a n ce m ec h a n ic
r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e rie n c e u s u a lly a cq u ired through a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .
T h is c la s s ific a t io n d oes not include m ec h a n ic s w h o
t o m e r s ' v e h ic le s in a u to m o b ile r e p a ir shops.

r e p a ir

A s s is t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m ain ten a n ce tr a d e s , by
p e r fo r m in g s p e c ific o r g e n e r a l d u ties o f l e s s e r s k ill, such as k e ep in g a
w o r k e r su p p lied w ith m a t e r ia ls and to o ls ; c le a n in g w o rk in g a re a , m a ch in e,
and equ ip m en t; a s s is tin g jo u rn ey m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls o r to o ls ; and p e r ­
fo r m in g o th e r u n sk ille d task s as d ir e c te d by jo u rn e y m a n . T he kind o f w o rk
the h e lp e r is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m v a r ie s fr o m tra d e to tra d e :
In som e
tr a d e s the h e lp e r is con fin ed to su p p lyin g, liftin g , and h old in g m a te r ia ls and
to o ls , and c le a n in g w o rk in g a r e a s ; and in o th e rs he is p e rm itte d to p e r fo r m
s p e c ia liz e d m a c h in e o p e r a tio n s , o r p a rts o f a tra d e that a re also p e r fo r m e d
by w o r k e r s on a fu ll- t im e b a s is .

cu s­

M A IN T E N A N C E P IP E F IT T E R
In s ta lls o r r e p a ir s w a t e r , steam , gas, o r o th e r ty p es o f p ip e and
p ip e fittin g s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : L a y in g
out w o r k and m e a s u r in g to lo c a te p o s itio n o f p ip e fr o m d ra w in g s o r o th er
w r itte n s p e c ific a tio n s ; cu ttin g v a rio u s s iz e s o f p ip e to c o r r e c t len g th s w ith
c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e to rc h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a c h in e s ; th re a d in g
p ip e w ith sto c k s and d ie s ; bending p ip e by h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n
m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g p ip e w ith cou p lin gs and fa s te n in g p ip e to h a n g ers ;
m a k in g s tan d a rd shop com p u tatio n s r e la tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f
p ip e r e q u ir e d ; and m a k in g stan dard te s ts to d e te rm in e w h eth e r fin is h e d p ip es
m e e t s p e c ific a tio n s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in te n a n c e p ip e fit t e r
r e q u ir e s rounded tr a in in g and e x p e rie n c e u su ally a cq u ired th rough a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e rie n c e .
W o r k e r s p r im a r ily
en g a g ed in in s ta llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g san itation o r h eatin g s y s te m s
a re exc lu d e d .
M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R
F a b r ic a t e s , in s ta lls , and m a in ta in s in good r e p a ir the s h e e t-m e ta l
e qu ip m en t and fix tu r e s (su ch as m ach in e gu ards, g r e a s e pans, s h e lv e s ,
lo c k e r s , tan ks, v e n t ila t o r s , chutes, ducts, m e ta l r o o fin g ) o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g and la y in g out a ll typ es o f
s h e e t- m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o r k fr o m b lu e p rin ts , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c ifi­
c a tio n s ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a tin g a ll a v a ila b le typ es o f s h e e t-m e ta l w o rk in g
m a c h in e s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f h andtools in cutting, bending, fo r m in g , shaping,
fittin g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s ta llin g s h e e t-m e ta l a r tic le s as r e q u ir e d . In
g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s rounded
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly ac q u ire d through a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .




M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R

M A C H IN E - T O O L O P E R A T O R (T o o lr o o m )
S p e c ia liz e s in o p e ra tin g one o r m o r e than one typ e o f m a c h in e to o l
(e .g ., ji g b o r e r , g rin d in g m a c h in e , engine la th e, m illin g m a c h in e ) to m ach in e
m e ta l f o r u se in m a k in g o r m a in ta in in g j i g s , fix tu r e s , cutting to o ls , gau ges,
o r m e ta l d ie s o r m o ld s u sed in shaping o r fo r m in g m e t a l o r n o n m e ta llic
m a t e r ia l (e . g . , p la s tic , p la s te r , ru b b e r, g la s s ).
W o r k ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s ;
P la n n in g and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m a c h in in g o p e ra tio n s w h ich r e q u ir e c o m ­
p lic a te d setups o r a high d e g r e e o f a c c u ra c y ; s e ttin g up m ach in e to o l o r
to o ls (e . g . , in s ta ll cuttin g to o ls and adju st g u id es, stop s, w o rk in g ta b le s ,
and o th e r c o n tro ls to h andle the s iz e o f s to c k to be m ach in ed ; d e te rm in e
p r o p e r fe e d s , sp ee d s , to o lin g , and o p e r a tio n s e q u en ce o r s e le c t th ose p r e ­
s c r ib e d in d ra w in g s , b lu e p rin ts , o r la y o u ts ); u sin g a v a r ie t y o f p r e c is io n
m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; m ak in g n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm en ts d u rin g m ach in in g
o p e r a tio n to a c h ie v e r e q u is ite d im e n sio n s to v e r y c lo s e to le r a n c e s .
M ay
be r e q u ir e d to s e le c t p r o p e r c oo lan ts and cutting and lu b ric a tin g o ils , to
r e c o g n iz e w hen to o ls need d r e s s in g , and to d re s s to o ls . In g e n e ra l, the w o rk
o f a m a c h in e -to o l o p e r a to r (to o lr o o m ) at the s k ill l e v e l c a lle d fo r in this
c la s s ific a t io n r e q u ir e s e x te n s iv e k n o w le d g e o f m a c h in e -s h o p and to o lr o o m
p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ire d through c o n s id e r a b le o n - th e - jo b tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a g e study p u rp o s es , this c la s s ific a t io n does not
in clu d e m a c h in e -to o l o p e r a to r s (to o lr o o m ) e m p lo y e d in to o l and d ie job b in g
shops.
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
C o n s tru c ts and r e p a ir s jig s , fix tu r e s , cuttin g to o ls , gau ges, o r m e ta l
d ie s o r m o ld s u sed in shaping o r fo r m in g m e ta l o r n o n m e ta llic m a t e r ia l (e .g .,
p la s tic , p la s t e r , ru b b e r, g la s s ). W o r k t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s ; P la n n in g and la y in g
out w o r k a c c o r d in g to m o d e ls , b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s , o r o th e r w r itte n o r o r a l
s p e c ific a tio n s ; u n d erstan d in g the w o rk in g p r o p e r tie s o f com m on m e ta ls and

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R — C ontinued

S H IP P E R A N D R E C E IV E R

a llo y s ; s e le c tin g a p p ro p ria te m a t e r ia ls , to o ls , and p r o c e s s e s r e q u ir e d to
c o m p le te ta s k s ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y shop com p u ta tio n s; s e ttin g up and o p e r ­
ating v a r io u s m a c h in e to o ls and r e la te d equ ip m en t; u sin g v a r io u s to o l and
d ie m a k e r 's h andtools and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; w o rk in g to v e r y
c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; h e a t -tr e a t in g m e ta l p a rts and fin is h e d to o ls and d ie s to
a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a litie s ; fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a r ts to p r e s c r ib e d t o le r ­
ances and a llo w a n c e s . In g e n e r a l, the to o l and d ie m a k e r 's w o r k r e q u ir e s
rounded tr a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and to o lr o o m p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ire d
through fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g
and e x p e r ie n c e .

P e r f o r m s c le r ic a l and p h y s ic a l task s in con n e c tio n w ith shipping
good s o f the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d and r e c e iv in g in c o m in g
sh ip m en ts.
In p e r fo r m in g d a y - to - d a y , ro u tin e ta s k s , fo llo w s e s ta b lis h e d
g u id e lin e s . In handling unusual non rou tin e p r o b le m s , r e c e iv e s s p e c ific gu id ­
ance fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r o th e r o f f i c i a l s .
M a y d i r e c t and c o o rd in a te the
a c tiv itie s o f oth er w o r k e r s en gaged in han d lin g good s to be shipped o r b ein g
r e c e iv e d .

F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a g e study p u rp o s e s , th is c la s s ific a t io n d oes not
inclu d e to o l and d ie m a k e r s who (1 ) a re e m p lo y e d in to o l and d ie jo b b in g
shops o r (2 ) p ro d u ce fo r g in g d ie s (d ie s in k e r s ).
S T A T IO N A R Y E N G IN E E R
O p e ra te s and m a in ta in s and m a y a lso s u p e r v is e the o p e r a tio n o f
s ta tio n a ry en gin es and equ ip m en t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e le c t r ic a l) to su p p ly the
e s ta b lis h m en t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , heat, r e f r ig e r a t io n , o r a ir c on d ition in g. W o rk in v o lv e s : O p e ra tin g and m a in ta in in g equ ip m en t such as
steam e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , tu rb in e s , v e n tila tin g
and r e f r ig e r a t in g equ ip m en t, stea m b o ile r s and b o ile r - fe d w a t e r pum ps;
m ak in g equ ip m en t r e p a ir s ; and k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a tio n o f m a c h in e r y ,
te m p e r a tu r e , and fu e l con su m p tion .
M a y a ls o s u p e r v is e th es e o p e r a tio n s .
H ead o r c h ie f e n g in e e rs in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one e n g in e e r
a re e x c lu d e d .

Sh ip pers t y p ic a lly a re r e s p o n s ib le f o r m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : V e r ­
ify in g that o r d e r s a re a c c u r a te ly f i l l e d b y c o m p a rin g ite m s and q u a n tities
o f good s g a th e re d fo r sh ip m en t a g a in s t d o c u m e n ts ; in s u rin g that sh ip m en ts
a re p r o p e r ly p ack aged , id e n tifie d w ith sh ip p in g in fo rm a tio n , and lo a d e d into
tr a n s p o r tin g v e h ic le s ; p re p a r in g and k e e p in g r e c o r d s o f good s ship p ed, e .g .,
m a n ife s ts , b ills o f la d in g.
R e c e iv e r s ty p ic a lly a re r e s p o n s ib le f o r m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
V e r ify in g the c o r r e c tn e s s o f in c o m in g sh ip m en ts b y c o m p a rin g ite m s and
qu a n tities unloaded a g ain st b ills o f la d in g , in v o ic e s , m a n ife s ts , s to r a g e
r e c e ip ts , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h eck in g f o r d a m a ge d good s; in s u rin g that
good s a re a p p ro p ria te ly id e n tifie d f o r ro u tin g to d e p a rtm e n ts w ith in the
e s ta b lis h m en t; p re p a r in g and k e ep in g r e c o r d s o f good s r e c e iv e d .
For

w age

study

p u rp o s es ,

w o rk ers

a re

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s ;

Shipper
R e c e iv e r
Sh ipper and r e c e iv e r

B O IL E R T E N D E R
F i r e s s ta tio n a ry b o ile r s to fu rn is h the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich
e m p lo ye d w ith heat, p o w e r , o r s te a m .
F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e b y hand o r
o p e ra te s a m e c h a n ic a l s to k e r , g a s , o r o il b u rn e r; and ch eck s w a te r and
s a fe ty v a lv e s . M a y c le a n , o il, o r a s s is t in r e p a ir in g b o ile r r o o m equ ip m en t.

Material Movement and Custodial
T R U C K D R IV E R
D r iv e s
a tru c k w ith in a c ity o r in d u s tr ia l a r e a to tr a n s p o r t
m a t e r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e , equ ip m en t, o r w o r k e r s b e tw e e n v a rio u s typ es o f
e s ta b lis h m en ts such as: M a n u fa ctu rin g p la n ts, fr e ig h t d ep o ts, w a re h o u s e s ,
w h o le s a le and r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r b e tw e e n r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n ts and
c u s to m e r s ' houses o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M a y a ls o lo a d o r unload tru ck
w ith o r w ith ou t h e lp e r s , m ak e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a ir s , and k e e p tru c k in
good w o rk in g o r d e r .
S a le s r o u te and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s a re e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e study p u rp o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s
rated c a p a c ity o f tru ck , as fo llo w s ;

a r e c la s s ifie d b y typ e and

T r u c k d r iv e r , lig h t tru ck
(s tr a ig h t tru ck , u n der IV 2 ton s, u s u a lly 4 w h e e ls )
T r u c k d r iv e r , m ed iu m tru ck
(s t r a ig h t tru ck , IV 2 to 4 tons in c lu s iv e , u s u a lly 6 w h e e ls )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y tru ck
(s tr a ig h t tru ck , o v e r 4 ton s, u s u a lly 10 w h e e ls )
T r u c k d r iv e r , t r a c t o r - t r a i l e r




W AREHOUSEM AN
A s d ir e c te d , p e r fo r m s a v a r ie t y o f w a re h o u s in g d u ties w h ich r e q u ir e
an un derstan d in g o f the e s ta b lis h m e n t's s to r a g e p la n . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t
o f the fo llo w in g : V e r ify in g m a t e r ia ls ( o r m e r c h a n d is e ) a g a in s t r e c e iv in g
d ocu m en ts, noting and r e p o r tin g d is c r e p a n c ie s and ob viou s d a m a g e s ; rou tin g
m a t e r ia ls to p r e s c r ib e d s to r a g e lo c a tio n s ; s to r in g , sta c k in g , o r p a lle t iz in g
m a t e r ia ls in a c c o rd a n c e w ith p r e s c r ib e d s to r a g e m e th o d s ; r e a r r a n g in g and
tak in g in v e n to ry o f s t o r e d m a t e r ia ls ; e x a m in in g s to r e d m a t e r ia ls
and
r e p o r tin g d e te r io r a t io n and d a m a ge; r e m o v in g m a t e r ia l f r o m s to r a g e and
p re p a r in g it fo r sh ip m en t. M a y o p e r a te hand o r p o w e r tru ck s in p e r fo r m in g
w a re h o u s in g d u ties.
E xclu d e w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y d u ties in v o lv e ship p ing and r e c e i v ­
ing w o r k (s e e Sh ipper and R e c e i v e r and Shipping P a c k e r ), o r d e r f illin g
(s e e O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r o p e ra tin g p o w e r tr u c k s (s e e P o w e r - T r u c k O p e r a t o r ).
O RD ER F IL L E R
F i l l s shipping o r t r a n s fe r o r d e r s fo r fin is h e d good s fr o m s to re d
m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o rd a n c e w ith s p e c ific a tio n s on s a le s s lip s , c u s to m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r oth er in s tru c tio n s . M a y , in a d d ition to f ill i n g o r d e r s and in d i­
catin g ite m s f ille d o r o m itte d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f ou tgo in g o r d e r s , r e q u is itio n
ad d ition a l stock o r r e p o r t s h o rt su p p lies to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r fo r m o th e r
r e la te d d u ties.
S H IP P IN G P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p ro d u cts f o r s h ip m en t o r s to r a g e b y p la c in g them
in shipping con ta in e rs , the s p e c ific o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d b e in g d epen den t
upon the ty p e, s iz e , and num ber o f units to be p ack ed , the ty p e o f c o n ta in e r

34

SHIPPING PACKER— Continued

GUARD— Continued

e m p lo y e d , and m eth o d o f shipm ent,, W o rk r e q u ir e s the p la c in g o f ite m s in
sh ip p in g c o n ta in e r s and m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : K n o w le d g e
o f v a rio u s ite m s o f sto c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y content; s e le c tio n o f a p p ro p ria te
ty p e and s iz e o f c o n ta in e r ; in s e r tin g e n c lo s u re s in co n ta in e r; u sin g e x c e ls io r
o r o th e r m a t e r ia l to p r e v e n t b re a k a g e o r d am age; c lo s in g and s e a lin g con­
ta in e r ; and a p p lyin g la b e ls o r e n te r in g id e n tify in g data on c o n ta in e r . P a c k e r s
w ho a ls o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c ra te s a re ex c lu d e d .

G u ard s e m p lo y e d b y e s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ich p r o v id e p r o te c tiv e s e r ­
v ic e s on a c o n tra c t b a s is a r e inclu d ed in th is occu p atio n .

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G L A B O R E R
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a re h o u s e, m an u factu rin g plant, s to r e , or
o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t w h o s e d u ties in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g :
L o a d in g and u n loa d in g v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and m e r c h a n d is e on o r fr o m fr e ig h t
c a r s , tru c k s , o r o th e r tr a n s p o r tin g d e v ic e s ; unpacking, s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s to r a g e lo c a tio n ; and tr a n s p o r tin g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e b y handtruck, c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w .
Lon gsh ore
w o r k e r s , w ho lo a d and u n load sh ip s, a re exclu d ed .
P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R
O p e r a te s a m a n u a lly c o n tr o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic p o w e re d tru c k
o r t r a c t o r to tr a n s p o r t go o d s and m a t e r ia ls o f a ll kinds about a w a re h o u s e ,
m a n u fa c tu rin g p lan t, o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m en t.

tru c k ,

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a re c la s s ifie d b y ty p e o f p o w e r as fo llo w s :

F o r w age

study

purposes,

gu ard s

a re

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s ;

C la s s A .
E n fo r c e s r e g u la tio n s d e s ig n e d to p re v e n t b re a c h es o f
s e c u r ity .
E x e r c is e s ju d g m en t and u ses d is c r e tio n in d e a lin g w ith e m e r ­
g e n c ie s a n d s e c u r ity v io la tio n s e n c o u n te red .
D e te rm in e s w h eth er f i r s t
r e s p o n s e should be to in te r v e n e d ir e c t ly (a s k in g fo r a s s is ta n c e when d eem ed
n e c e s s a r y and tim e a llo w s ), to k e e p s itu ation under s u r v e illa n c e , o r to r e p o r t
situ a tio n so that it can be handled by a p p ro p ria te a u th ority . D uties r e q u ir e
s p e c ia liz e d tr a in in g in m eth od s and tech n iqu es o f p r o te c tin g s e c u rity a re a s .
C o m m o n ly , the gu ard is r e q u ir e d to d e m o n s tr a te con tinuin g p h y s ic a l fitn e s s
and p r o fic ie n c y w ith f ir e a r m s o r o th e r s p e c ia l w ea p on s.
C la s s B . C a r r ie s out in s tru c tio n s p r im a r ily o r ie n te d to w a rd in­
su rin g that e m e r g e n c ie s and s e c u r ity v io la tio n s a re r e a d ily d is c o v e r e d and
r e p o r te d to a p p ro p ria te a u th o rity .
In te r v e n e s d i r e c t l y o n ly in situations
w h ich r e q u ir e m in im a l a ctio n to s a fe g u a rd p r o p e r ty o r p e rs o n s . D uties r e ­
q u ir e m in im a l tr a in in g . C o m m o n ly , the gu ard is not r e q u ir e d to d e m o n s tra te
p h y s ic a l fitn e s s . M a y be a rm e d , but g e n e r a lly is not r e q u ir e d to d e m o n s tra te
p r o fic ie n c y in the u se o f f ir e a r m s o r s p e c ia l w e a p o n s .
J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R

F o r k l i f t o p e r a to r
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a to r (o th e r than f o r k lift )
GUARD
P r o t e c t s p r o p e r t y f r o m th e ft o r d a m a ge, o r p e rs o n s fr o m h a za rd s
o r in t e r fe r e n c e . D u tie s in v o lv e s e r v in g at a fix e d post, m a k in g rounds on
fo o t o r b y m o t o r v e h ic le , o r e s c o r t in g p e rs o n s o r p r o p e r ty . M a y be d e p u tize d
to m a k e a r r e s t s .
M a y a ls o h e lp v is it o r s
and c u s to m e rs b y a n sw erin g
q u e s tio n s and g iv in g d ir e c t io n s .




C lea n s and k eep s in an o r d e r l y c on d ition fa c t o r y w o rk in g are a s and
w a s h ro o m s , o r p r e m is e s o f an o f f ic e , a p a rtm en t house, o r c o m m e r c ia l
o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g :
S w eep in g, m o p p in g o r s c ru b b in g , and p o lis h in g f lo o r s ; r e m o v in g ch ip s, tra s h ,
and o th e r r e fu s e ; d u stin g equ ip m en t, fu r n itu r e , o r fix tu r e s ; p o lis h in g m e ta l
fix tu r e s o r tr im m in g s ; p r o v id in g su p p lies and m in o r m ain ten an ce s e r v ic e s ;
and c le a n in g la v a t o r ie s , s h o w e rs , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s who s p e c ia liz e
in w in d o w w a s h in g a r e e x c lu d e d .

35

Service Contract
Act Surveys
T h e fo llo w in g a r e a s a re s u r ­
v e y e d p e r io d ic a lly f o r use in a d m in ­
is t e r in g the S e r v ic e C o n tra c t A c t
o f 1965.
S u rv e y r e s u lts a re pub­
lis h e d in r e le a s e s w h ich a re a v a ila ­
b le , at no c o s t, w h ile su p p lies la s t
f r o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l o f fic e s
shown on the b ack c o v e r .
A la s k a (s ta te w id e )
A lb a n y, Ga.
A le x a n d r ia —L e e s v i l l e , L a .
A lp en a —
Standish— a w a s C ity , M ic h .
T
Ann A r b o r , M ic h .
A tla n tic C ity , N .J .
A u gu sta, G a.— .C .
S
A u s tin , T e x .
B a k e r s fie ld , C a lif.
B aton R o u g e , L a .
B a ttle C r e e k , M ich .
B eaum ont—P o r t A r th u j> -0 r a n g e , T e x .
B eau m on t— o r t A r th u r -O r a n g e
P
and L a k e C h a r le s , T e x . —L a .
B ilo x i—G u lfp o rt and P a s c a g o u la —
M oss P o in t, M is s .
B in gh am ton , N .Y .
B irm in g h a m , A la .
B lo o m in g to n — in c e n n e s , Ind.
V
B r e m e r to n — h elton , W ash ,
S
B ru n s w ic k , Ga.
C e d a r R a p id s , Io w a
C ham paign— rb an a—Rant ou l, 111.
U
C h a rle s to n —N o r th C h a rle s to n —
W a lte r b o r o , S .C .
C h a rlo tte — a s to n ia , N .C ,
G
C h eyen n e, W y o .
C la r k s v ille —H o p k in s v ille , T e n n .— y .
K
C o lo ra d o S p r in g s , C o lo .
C olu m b ia— u m te r, S .C .
S
C olu m b u s, Ga.—A la .
C olu m b u s, M is s .
D e c a tu r, 111.
D es M o in e s , Io w a
Duluth— u p e r io r , M inn .—W is .
S
E l P a s o — la m o g o r d o —L a s C r u c e s ,
A
T e x .—N . M e x .
E ugene— p r in g fie ld —M e d fo r d , O r e g .
S
F a y e t t e v ille , N .C .




F o r t L a u d e r d a le — o lly w o o d
H
and W e s t P a lm B ea ch —
B o c a R ato n , F la .
F o r t S m ith , A r k .— k la.
O
F r e d e r ic k —H a g e rs to w n C h a m b ers b u rg, M d .—P a .
G o ld s b o r o , N .C .
G rand Isla n d —H a s tin g s , N e b r.
G uam , T e r r i t o r y o f
H a r r is b u r g —L eb an o n , P a .
K n o x v ille , T enn.
L a red o, Tex.
L a s V e g a s —T on op ah , N e v .
L im a , O hio
L it t le R ock—N o rth L it t le R o c k , A r k .
L o g a n s p o rt—P e r u , Ind.
L o r a in — ly r ia , O hio
E
L o w e r E a s te r n S h o re , M d .— a .—D e l.
V
M a c o n , Ga.
M a d is o n , W is .
M a in e (s ta te w id e )
M a n s fie ld , O hio
M c A lle n —P h a r r —E d in b u rg
and B r o w n s v ille —H a rlin g e n —
San B e n ito , T e x .
M e r id ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , M on m outh, and
O cean C o s ., N .J .
M o b ile —P e n s a c o la —P a n a m a C ity ,
A la .—F la .
M on tana (s ta te w id e )
N a s h v ille —D a v id s o n , T enn.
N ew B e rn —J a c k s o n v ille , N .C .
N ew H a m p s h ire (s ta te w id e )
N ew Lon don—N o r w ic h , Conn.—R .I.
N o r th D akota (s ta te w id e )
N o r th e r n N ew Y o r k
N o r th w e s t T e x a s
O rla n d o , F la .
O xn a rd — im i V a lle y —V e n tu ra , C a lif.
S
P e o r ia , 111.
P h o e n ix , A r i z .
P in e B lu ff, A r k .
P u e b lo , C o lo .
P u e r t o R ic o
R a le ig h —D u rh am , N .C .
R en o, N e v .
S a lin a , K an s.

S a lin as— easid e—M o n te re y , C a lif.
S
Sandusky, Ohio
Santa B a rb a ra —
Santa M a r ia —
L o m p o c , C a lif.
Savannah, Ga.
S e lm a , A la .
S h re v e p o r t, L a .
South Dakota (s ta te w id e )
South ern Idaho
South w est V ir g in ia
Spokane, W ash.
S p r in g fie ld , 111.
Stock ton , C a lif.
T a c o m a , W ash.
Tam pa—
St. P e te r s b u r g , F la .
T o p e k a , K ans.
T u cson —D o u g la s , A r i z .
T u ls a , O kla.
U p p e r P e n in s u la , M ich .
V e rm o n t (s ta te w id e )
V ir g in Islan d s o f the U.S.
W a co and K ille e n —T e m p le , T e x .
W a te r lo o —C ed ar F a lls , Iow a
W e s t V ir g in ia (s ta te w id e )
W ic h ita F a lls —Law ton—A ltu s ,
T e x .— kla.
O
W ilm in g to n , D e l.—N .J .—Md.
Y ak im a—R ichland— en n ew ick —
K
P e n d le to n , W ash .— r e g .
O

ALSO A V A IL A B L E —
A n annual r e p o r t on s a la r ie s f o r
a ccou n tan ts, a u d ito rs , c h ie f accou n t­
an ts, a tto r n e y s , jo b a n a ly s ts , d i r e c ­
t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l, b u y e r s , c h e m is ts ,
e n g in e e r s , e n g in e e r in g te c h n icia n s ,
d r a ft e r s , a n d c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s
is a v a ila b le .
O r d e r as B L S B u lle ­
tin 1980, N a tio n a l S u rv e y o f P r o ­
fe s s io n a l, A d m in is t r a t iv e , T e c h n ic a l
and C l e r i c a l P a y , M a r c h 1977, $ 2.40
a c o p y , f r o m any o f the B L S r e ­
g io n a l s a le s o f f ic e s shown on the
b ack c o v e r , o r f r o m the S u p e r in ­
ten d en t o f D oc u m e n ts , U .S . G o v e r n ­
m en t P r in t in g O f f ic e , W a sh in g ton ,
D .C . 20402.

Area Wage
Surveys
A l i s t o f th e la te s t b u lletin s a v a ila b le is p re s e n te d b e lo w .
B u lle tin s
m a y be p u rc h a s e d f r o m any o f th e B L S r e g io n a l o ffic e s shown on th e b ack
c o v e r , o r f r o m the S u perin ten den t o f D ocu m en ts, U .S. G o v e rn m en t P r in tin g
O f f ic e , W a sh in g to n , D .C . 20402.
M ak e ch eck s p a y a b le to S u perinten den t o f
D oc u m e n ts .
A d i r e c t o r y o f oc c u p a tio n a l w a g e s u r v e y s , c o v e r in g the y e a rs
1970 th ro u gh 1976, is a v a ila b le on req u e st.

A rea

B u lle tin nu m ber
and p r i c e *

A k r o n , O h io , D e c . 1977_________________________________________ 1950-70, 80 cents
A lb an y—S ch en ectad y—T r o y , N . Y . , Sept. 1977 --------------------- 1950-52, 80 cen ts
A n a h e im —Santa Ana—G a rd en G r o v e ,
C a lif. , O c t. 1977________________________________________________
1950-60, $1.0 0
A tla n ta , G a ., M a y 1 9 7 8 1________________________________________ 2025-28, $1.4 0
B a lt im o r e , M d . , A u g . 1977_____________________________________
1950-39, $ 1 .2 0
B illin g s , M o n t., J u ly 1978______________________________________
2025-38, $ 1.00
B ir m in g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1978__________________________________ 2025-15, 80 cents
B os to n , M a s s ., A u g . 1977 ______________________________________
1950-50, $ 1 .2 0
B u ffa lo , N . Y . , O c t. 1977 --------------------------------------------------- 1950-58, $ 1 .0 0
Cauiton, O h io , M a y 1978_________________________________________ 2025-22, 70 cents
C h attan o oga, T en n .—G a ., S ept. 1977 ---------------------------------- 1950-44, 70 cents
C h ic a g o , 111., M a y 1978__________________________________________ 2025-32, $1.30
C in c in n a ti, O hio—K y .—In d ., July 1978__________________________ 2025-39, $1.10
C le v e la n d , O h io , Sept. 1977 1 -------------------------------------------- 1950-53, $ 1 .4 0
C olu m b u s, O h io , O c t. 1977------------------------------------------------ 1950-64, $1 .0 0
C orpu s C h r is t i, T e x . , Ju ly 1978_______________________________ 2025-29, $1.0 0
D a lla s - F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t. 1977__________________________
1950-65, $ 1 .2 0
D aven p ort—R o c k Isla n d — o lin e , Iow a—111., F eb . 1978-------- 2 0 2 5 -6 , 70 cents
M
D ayton , O h io , D e c . 1977 1_______________________________________
1950-71, $ 1 .1 0
D ayton a B e a c h , F l a . , A u g . 1977 1______________________________ 1950-43, $1 .0 0
D e n v e r—B o u ld e r , C o lo ., D e c . 1977 1---------------------------------- 1950-74, $1.40
D e t r o it , M ic h ., M a r . 1978______________________________________ 2025-11, $1.20
F r e s n o , C a l i f. , June 1978 1 ----------------------------------------------- 2025-31, $1.20
G a in e s v ille , F l a . , Sept. 1977 1------------------------------------------- 1950-46, $1.00
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , Ju ly 1 9 77 ----------------------------------------------- 1950-36, 70 cents
G r e e n s b o r o — in s to n -S a le m — ig h P o in t,
W
H
N .C ., A u g . 1977 1 ________________________________________________ 1950-42, $1.10
G r e e n v ille —S p a rta n b u rg , S .C ., June 1978_____________________ 2025-30, $ 1 .0 0
H a r t fo r d , C on n ., M a r . 1 9 7 8 1-------------------------------------------- 2025-14, $ 1 .2 0
H ou ston , T e x . , A p r . 1978_______________________________________
2025-23, $1.2 0
H u n t s v ille , A l a . , F e b . 1978----------------------------------------------- 2 0 25 -4 , 70 cents
In d ia n a p o lis , In d ., O c t. 1977--------------------------------------------- 1950-56, $1.0 0
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , Jan. 1978______________________________________ 2 0 25 -1 , 70 cents
J a c k s o n v ille , F l a . , D e c . 1977__________________________________ 1950-67, 70 cents
K an sas C ity , M o .—K a n s ., Sept. 1977---------------------------------- 1950-54, $1.0 0
L o s A n g e le s —L o n g B e a c h , C a lif., O ct. 1977---------------------- 1950-61, $1 .2 0
L o u i s v i l l e , K y .—In d ., N o v . 1977 1______________________________ 1950-66, $1 .2 0
M e m p h is , Term .—A r k .—M i s s ., N o v . 1977--------------------------- 1950-63, 70 cents




A rea
M ia m i, F la . , O c t. 1977________________________ __________ ______
M ilw a u k e e , W is ., A p r . 1978 1 _________________________________
M in n e a p o lis —St. P a u l, M inn .— is . , Jan. 1978 1_____________
W
N a s s a u -S u ffo lk , N . Y . , June 1978 1 ____________________________
N e w a r k , N .J ., Jan. 1978 1 _______________________________________
N e w O r le a n s , L a . , Jan. 1978__________________________________
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . - N . J . , M a y 1978 1.................. ...........................
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B ea ch —P o r ts m o u th , V a.—
N .C ., M a y 1978_________________________________________________
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B e a c h -P o r ts m o u th and
N e w p o rt N ew s — am p ton , V a .—N .C ., M a y 1978____________
H
N o r th e a s t P e n n s y lv a n ia , A u g . 1977 1__________________________
O k lah om a C ity , O k la ., A u g . 1977 1 ____________________________
O m ah a, N e b r .—Io w a , O c t. 1977 1 ______________________________
P a te r s o n —C lifto n ^ -P a s s a ic , N .J ., June 1978 1 _______________
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .—N .J ., N o v . 1977___________________________
P itts b u r g h , P a ., Jan. 1978_____________________________________
P o r tla n d , M a in e , D ec. 1977___________________________________
P o r tla n d , O r e g .—W a s h ., M a y 1978_________________ __________
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N .Y . , June 1978 1 _____________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie —K in g s to n -N e w b u r g h , N .Y . , June 1976_______
P r o v id e n c e — a rw ic k —P a w tu c k e t, R .I.—
W
M a s s ., June 1978_______________________________________________
R ic h m o n d , V a ., June 1978______________________________________
St. L o u is , M o.—Ell., M a r . 1978_________________________________
S a cra m e n to , C a lif. , D ec. 1977 1_______________________________
S a gin aw , M ic h ., N o v . 1977----------------------------------------------Salt L a k e C ity— gd en , U tah, N o v . 1977______________________
O
San A n to n io , T e x . , M a y 1978__________________________________
San D ie g o , C a lif. , N o v . 1977 1_________________________________
San F r a n c is c o —O ak lan d, C a lif. , M a r . 1978 1_________________
San J o s e , C a lif. , M a r . 1978 1__________________________________
S e a ttle —E v e r e t t , W a s h ., D ec. 1977____________________________
South B en d, End., A u g . 1977 1 __________________________________
T o le d o , O hio— ic h ., M a y 1978 1______________________________
M
T re n to n , N .J ., Sept. 1977_______________________________________
U tica r-R om e, N . Y . , July 1978__________________________________
W a sh in g ton , D .C .—M d.—V a . , M a r . 1978 1 ____________________
W ic h ita , K a n s ., A p r . 1978______________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., A p r . 1978 1 _______________________________
Y o r k , P a ., F e b . 1 9 78 1__________________________________________

B u lle tin num ber
and p r i c e *
1950-57,
2025-18,
2025 -2 ,
2025-33,
2025 -7 ,
2 025-5,
2025-35,

$1.00
$1.40
$1.40
$1.30
$1.40
$1.00
$1.50

2025-20, 70 cents
2025-21,
1950-38,
1950-49,
1950-55,
2025-36,
1950-62,
2025-3,
1950-69,
2025-25,
2025-37,
1900-55,

80 cents
$1.10
$1.10
$1.10
$1.20
$1.20
$1.10
70 cents
$1.00
$1.10
55 cents

2025-27,
2025-26,
2025-13,
1950-72,
1950-59,
1950-68,
2025-17,
1950-73,
2025-10,
2025-9,
1950-75,
1950-51,
2025-24,
1950-47,
2025-34,
2025-12,
2025-16,
2025-19,
2025-8,

$1.40
80 cents
$1.20
$1.00
70 cents
80 cents
70 cents
$1.10
$1.40
$1.20
80 cents
$1.10
$1.20
70 cents
$1.00
$1.40
80 cents
$1.10
$1.10

> Prices are determined by the Government Printing Office and are subject to change.
,c
1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region I

Region I
I

Region 1 1
1

Region IV

1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (AreaCode617)

Suite 3400
1515 Broadway
New York, N Y. 10036
Phone: 399-5406 (AreaCode212)

3535 Market Street,
P.0 Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 596-1154 (AreaCode215)

Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St., N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone:881-4418 (Area Code 404)

Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Delaware
District of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Region V

Region VI

Regions VII and VIII

9th Floor, 230 S Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)

Second Floor
555 Gritfin Square Building
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 767-69 71 (Area Code 214)

Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (AreaCode816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone:556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Texas

VII

VIII

IX

X

Iowa
Kansas
Missouri
Nebraska

Colorado
Montana
North Dakota
South Dakota
Utah

Arizona
California
Hawaii
Nevada

Alaska
Idaho
Oregon
Washington

Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
Wisconsin





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102