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Z

Area
Wage
Survey




O

'

.

Paterson—C lifton—Passaic,
New Jersey, Metropolitan
Area, June 1978

Preface
T h is b u lle tin p r o v id e s r e s u lt s o f a June 1978 s u r v e y o f o c c u p a t io n a l
e a r n in g s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e fit s in the P a t e r s o n —C lifto n —P a s s a i c ,
N ew J e r s e y , S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a . T h e s u r v e y w a s m a d e
as p a rt o f the B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s ' annual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m .
It w as c o n d u c te d b y th e B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o f f i c e in N ew Y o r k , N .Y .,
u n d er the g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n o f A n th on y J . F e r r a r a , A s s is t a n t R e g io n a l
C o m m is s io n e r f o r O p e r a t io n s . T h e s u r v e y c o u ld n ot h ave b e e n a c c o m p lis h e d
w ith ou t the c o o p e r a t io n o f the m a n y f i r m s w h o s e w a g e and s a la r y data
p r o v id e d th e b a s is f o r the s t a t is t ic a l in fo r m a t io n in th is b u lle tin .
The
B u re a u w is h e s to e x p r e s s s i n c e r e a p p r e c ia t io n f o r the c o o p e r a t io n r e c e i v e d .




M a te r ia l in th is p u b lic a tio n is in th e p u b lic d o m a in and m a y b e r e ­
p r o d u c e d w ith ou t p e r m is s io n o f th e F e d e r a l G o v e r n m e n t . P le a s e c r e d i t the
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s and c it e th e n a m e and n u m b e r o f th is p u b lic a t io n .

Note:
C u rre n t r e p o r t s on o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s in th e P a t e r s o n —C l i f t o n P a s s a i c a r e a a re a v a ila b le f o r th e m o v in g and s t o r a g e in d u s t r y (Ju n e 1 9 7 8).
F r e e c o p ie s a r e a v a ila b le f r o m th e B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o f f i c e s .
(S e e b a c k
c o v e r f o r a d d r e s s e s .)

Area
Wage
Survey

Paterson—C lifton—Passaic,
New Jersey, Metropolitan
Area, June 1978

U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

Contents

Page

Page

September 1978
Bulletin 2025-36

In tro d u ctio n _____________ ,_______________________ ____

2

T a b le s— Continued
B.

T a b le s ;
E a rn in gs, a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts :
A - l . W eek ly ea rn in gs o f o f fic e w o r k e r s __ 3
A - 2 . W eek ly ea rn in gs o f p r o fe s s io n a l
5
and te c h n ica l w o r k e r s
A - 3 . A v e ra g e w e ek ly ea rn in gs o f
o f fic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and
7
te c h n ica l w o r k e r s , by s e x
A - 4 . H ou rly ea rn in gs o f m a in ten a n ce,
t o o lr o o m , and pow erp la n t
8
w ork ers
A - 5. H ou rly ea rn in gs o f m a te r ia l
m o v e m e n t and cu sto d ia l w o r k e r s __ 9
A - 6. A v e ra g e h ou rly ea rn in gs o f
m a in ten a n ce, to o lr o o m , p o w e rplant, m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t, and
10
cu sto d ia l w o r k e r s , bv s e x .....
A - 7 . P e r c e n t in c r e a s e s in a vera ge
h o u rly e a rn in g s, adjusted fo r
em p loy m en t sh ifts, fo r s e le c te d
o ccu p a tio n a l g r o u p s _________________11

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S.
Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402, GPO
Bookstores, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover.




E sta b lish m e n t p r a c t ic e s and
s u p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s :
B - l . M in im u m e n tra n ce s a la rie s fo r
in e x p e rie n ce d ty p ists and c l e r k s ___
B - 2 . L a t e -s h ift pay p r o v is io n s fo r
fu ll-t im e m an ufactu rin g
p ro d u ctio n and rela ted w o rk e rs
B - 3 . S ch edu led w e e k ly h ours and days of
fu ll-tim e f ir s t - s h if t w o r k e r s . . _
B -4 . Annual paid h o lid a ys fo r fu ll-tim e
w ork ers
__
B - 5 . P a id va ca tion p r o v is io n s fo r
fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s
................... .
B -6 . H ealth, in su ra n ce , and pension
plans f o r fu ll-tim e w o rk e rs
B - 7 . L ife in su ra n ce plans fo r
fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s ____________________

A pp end ix A .
A pp end ix B.

12

13
14
15
16
19
20

S cop e and m ethod o f s u r v e y _________ 23
O ccu p a tion a l d e s c r ip t io n s ___________ 28

Introduction
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 75 in w h ich th e U .S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r 's B u ­
re a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s and r e ­
la te d b e n e f it s .
(S e e l i s t o f a r e a s on in s id e b a c k c o v e r . )
In e a c h a r e a ,
o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s da ta ( A - s e r i e s t a b le s ) a r e c o l l e c t e d a n n u a lly .
In fo r ­
m a tio n o n e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e fit s ( B s e r i e s t a b le s ) is o b ta in e d e v e r y t h ir d y e a r .
E a c h y e a r a ft e r a ll in d iv id u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s h a v e b e e n c o m ­
p le t e d , tw o s u m m a r y b u lle tin s a r e is s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b r in g s t o g e t h e r data
f o r e a c h m e t r o p o l it a n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; th e s e c o n d p r e s e n t s n a tio n a l and r e ­
g io n a l e s t im a t e s , p r o je c t e d f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a d a ta , f o r a ll
S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a s in th e U n ited S t a te s , e x c lu d in g A la s k a
and H a w a ii.
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is th e n eed
to d e s c r i b e th e l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r ie t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s ,
th ro u g h th e a n a ly s is o f (1 ) th e l e v e l a nd d is t r ib u t io n o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t io n ,
and (2 ) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t io n a l c a t e g o r y an d s k ill le v e l.
T h e p r o g r a m d e v e lo p s in fo r m a t io n th a t m a y b e u s e d f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s ,
in clu d in g w a g e and s a la r y a d m in is t r a t io n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a in in g , and a s ­
s is t a n c e in d e t e r m in in g p la n t lo c a t io n .
S u r v e y r e s u lt s a l s o a r e u s e d b y the
U .S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r to m a k e w a g e d e t e r m in a t io n s u n d e r th e S e r v ic e
C o n tr a c t A c t o f 1965.
A -s e r ie s

t a b le s

T a b le s A - l th r o u g h A - 6 p r o v id e e s t im a t e s o f s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly
o r h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r w o r k e r s in o c c u p a t io n s c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y o f
m a n u fa c tu r in g and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s t r ie s .
F o r the 31 l a r g e s t s u r v e y
a r e a s , t a b le s A - 8 th r o u g h A - 1 3 p r o v id e s im il a r data f o r e s t a b lis h m e n t s
e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e .




T a b le A - 7 p r o v id e s p e r c e n t c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f
o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s , e le c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g w o r k e r s , in d u s t r ia l
n u r s e s , s k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s w o r k e r s , a nd u n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s .
W h e re p o s s i b l e , data a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s and f o r m a n u fa c tu r in g
a nd n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g s e p a r a t e ly .
D ata a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d f o r s k ille d m a in ­
te n a n c e w o r k e r s in n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g b e c a u s e the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s e m ­
p lo y e d in th is o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p in n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g is t o o s m a ll to w a r r a n t
s e p a r a t e p r e s e n ta t io n .
T h is ta b le p r o v i d e s a m e a s u r e o f w a g e t r e n d s a ft e r
e lim in a t io n o f ch a n g e s in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s c a u s e d b y e m p lo y m e n t s h ifts
a m o n g e s ta b lis h m e n ts a s w e ll a s t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s in c lu d e d in
s u r v e y s a m p le s .
F o r fu r t h e r d e t a ils , s e e a p p e n d ix A .
B -s e r ie s

ta b le s

T h e B - s e r i e s ta b le s p r e s e n t in fo r m a t io n on m in im u m e n t r a n c e
s a l a r i e s f o r in e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts a n d c l e r k s ; l a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v i s i o n s and
p r a c t i c e s f o r p r o d u c t io n and r e la t e d w o r k e r s in m a n u fa c tu r in g ; and data
s e p a r a t e ly f o r p r o d u c t io n and r e la t e d w o r k e r s and o f f i c e w o r k e r s on s c h e d ­
u le d w e e k ly h ou rs and d a ys o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s ; p a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a ­
t io n s ; h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s ; and m o r e d e t a ile d in fo r m a t io n
on lif e in s u r a n c e p la n s.
A p p e n d ix e s
A p p e n d ix A d e s c r i b e s th e m e t h o d s and c o n c e p t s u s e d in th e a r e a
w age su rv e y p r o g ra m .
It p r o v id e s in fo r m a t io n on th e s c o p e o f th e a r e a
s u r v e y , th e a r e a 's in d u s t r ia l c o m p o s it io n in m a n u fa c t u r in g , and l a b o r m anagem ent agreem en t co v e ra g e .
A p p e n d ix B p r o v id e s jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s
o m is t s t o c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s b y o c c u p a t io n .

u sed by B u reau

fie ld e c o n ­

A.

Earnings

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N.J., June 1978
W eek ly earnings
(standard)

Number

T

Average

N um ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly e a rn in gs o f—
s

s

%

<

*

%

S

%

s

%

s

s

S

s

S

s

S

*

S

*

s

10 5

110

120

130

140

150

160

17 0

180

1 90

203

21 0

2 20

230

240

26 0

28 0

300

32 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

and

105

110

120

130

14 0

1 50

160

170

180

190

200

213

2 20

2 30

240

260

280

3 00

3 20

o v er

-

~

5
2
3

23
12
11

43
14
29

58

-

47

91
48
43

98
65
33

134
83
51

130
101
29

135
104
31

1 37
112
25

100
72
28

1 13
65
45

112
93
19

67
57
10

37
31
6

15
12
3

4
2
2

-

-

-

-

1

a

3

~

-

4
3

3

-

5
3

-

"

3

-

2
2

21
20

18
15

5
3

2
2

1

6
2
4

7
6
1

5

16
i
15

21
8
13

7
4
3

28
18
10

24
19
5

31
28
3

42
40
2

26
20
6

10
8
2

5
4
i

_

-

1

20
2
18

32
19
13

21
18
3

42
27
15

54
53
1

77
63
14

81
71
10

65
44
21

54
33
21

59
48
ii

15
13
2

8
8

1
1
-

1

6
i

31
13
18

14
6
8

6
i
5

12
6
6

17
to
7

39
31
8

52
40
12

32
24
8

25
24
1

13
11
2

5
5
-

11
2
9

6
2
4

4
4

-

2
2

_

i
i

4
4

19
i
18

33
13
20

33
16
17

23
15
8

13
13
”

22
13
9

9
9

i
1
“

_

_

-

-

“

2
1
1

10
2
8

20
8
12

11
4
7

21
6
15

4
2
2

25
15
10

13

i
t

3
3
-

3
-

3
3

13

8
3
5

3

-

i
i

4

-

4

i

3
3

3

_

i

2

6
6

95

of
workers

10 0

130

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

(standard)

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

and
under

ALL

WORKERS

S E C R E T A R I E S ------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
----------------

1 .2 9 9
88 4
915

38.5
3 8 .5
39.0

$
2 0 7 .03
2 1 3 .00
1 94.03

$
235.03
210.03
1 87 .50

$
$
1 8 0 .3 0 -2 3 2 .0 0
1 8 7 .0 0 -2 3 5 .0 0
1 6 3 .3 0 -2 2 3 .5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S A ---------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------

64
51

3 8 .5
38.5

2 6 5 .03
2 6 9 .50

2 75 .00
275.00

2 4 7 .3 0 -2 8 6 .5 3
2 6 3 .0 0 -2 8 7 .3 9

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S R ---------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
----------------

229
158
71

38.0
38.5
38.0

227 .50
237 .03
2 0 7 .03

2 29 .50
237.50
1 95 .00

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S C ---------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------

570
4 21
149

39.0
3 8.5
39.0

2 07 .00
210 .50
1 97.50

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S 0 ---------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------

241
168
73

3 8.0
3 7.5
3 8 .5

1 87.53
1 91 .03
1 80.09

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S E ---------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
---------------

172
86
86

39.3
38.0
40.0

1 8 4 .53
1 9 2 .03
177 .00

S T E N O G R A P H E R S --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------

128
46
82

37.0
3 8.5
3 6 .5

~

-

-

“
-

-

209.50
2 13 .00
2 02 .50

1 87 .50 -2 28 .53
1 93 .30 -2 29 .00
1 6 0 .3 0 -2 2 7 .0 0

-

185.00
185.00
178.00

1 7 3 .0 0 -2 0 0 .0 3
1 7 7 .3 0 -2 3 1 .5 0
1 5 3 .5 0 -1 9 6 .3 0

-

1 78 .50
188.00
173.00

1 6 6 .3 0 -2 0 2 .0 3
1 7 3 .5 0 -2 0 4 .5 3
1 5 5 .5 0 -1 8 5 .0 0

-

182 .53
1 78 .03
1 85 .03

180.00
1 80 .00
1 78.50

1 5 5 .0 0 -1 9 5 .0 3
1 5 5 .3 0 -1 8 6 .0 0
1 5 7 .0 0 -1 9 8 .0 0

-

|

“

2 00 .00 -2 53 .00
2 2 0 .0 0 -2 5 6 .0 3
1 85 .30 -2 20 .03

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

_
-

-

_

_

2
2
“

-

3
3

-

_

-

-

-

-

1

-

ii

_
~

1

-

-

-

-

-

1

6
2
4

-

-

_

-

3

9

4

“

“

-

“

8

4

8
6

~

5

-

-

-

1

2
2

-

8
8

_
~

_
-

-

-

8

_

_

STEN O G RA PH ERS .
M A N U F A C T U R IN G

G E N E R A L --------------------------

54
32

38.5
39.0

1 91 .03
173 .03

1 75.03
1 65.50

1 5 5 .3 0 -2 2 5 .0 3
1 5 3 .0 0 -1 8 6 .0 0

-

STEN O G RAPH ERS.

S E N IO R

74

36.3

174.50

1 80.00

1 5 7 .0 0 -1 9 0 .5 3

-

-

-

-

1

3

11

7

13

-

19

13

4

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

51

3 8 .0

165.50

1 64.00

1 4 9 .3 0 -1 8 3 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

3

10

2

15

4

12

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

38.3
38.0
3 8.0

141 .50
1 58 .03
1 31 .03

1 43 .00
1 55 .00
1 28 .50

1 2 3 .3 0 -1 5 6 .0 0
1 4 0 .3 0 -1 6 5 .5 0
1 1 7 .0 0 -1 4 6 .5 3

5

26
~
26

34
34

63
9
54

39
16
23

62
31
31

62
29
33

41
31
10

12
7
5

5

1
1

-

-

_
~

1

3
3
-

_
-

-

5
5
"

-

4

2
2

5

2
~
2

5
5

---------------

367
143
224

“

-

“

-

~

A -------------------------------------

71
52

3 8 .5
3 9.0

162 .03
1 73.00

1 58 .50
1 65.00

1 4 1 .0 0 -1 7 2 .5 3
1 5 5 .5 0 -1 8 1 .0 0

_

-

_

1
-

8
6

1

12
2

17
12

11
11

5
5

4

4

3
3

-

”

1
1

-

4

2
2

-

4

2
2

T Y P I S T S . C L A S S B ----------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------

296
91
205

38.0
3 8 .0
38.3

136 .50
151 .03
130 .53

136.03
1 45 .00
1 26.00

1 2 0 .0 0 -1 5 2 .5 0
1 4 0 .3 0 -1 6 2 .0 0
1 1 6 .5 0 -1 4 6 .0 0

5
5

33

45
17
28

30
20
10

7
2
5

1
1

-

_

-

_

-

3
3
“

_

33

50
29
21

-

26

38
16
22

i
i

2

55
3
52

“

F I L E C L E R K S ------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------

15 8
37
121

38.0
38.3
38.3

1 4 7 .00
142 .00
1 4 8 .03

139.50
1 42 .00
1 39 .53

1 3 3 .5 0 -1 5 5 .0 3
1 3 0 .0 0 -1 5 0 .0 0
1 3 4 .5 0 -1 6 2 .5 0

-

-

6

17
2
15

2
2

57
11
46

22
12
10

18
7
11

11
1
10

6
2
4

8

4

2

-

4

-

-

-

8

4

2

“

4

“

F I L E C L E R K S . C L A S S C ---------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------

136
30
106

38.3
38.3
38.0

1 4 1 .50
1 42 .03
141 .50

1 39 .50
141.03
1 39 .50

1 3 1 .0 0 -1 5 2 .5 0
1 3 0 .0 0 -1 5 0 .0 0
1 3 1 .5 0 -1 5 4 .0 3

17
2
15

2
2

54
9
45

18
8
10

17
6
ii

9

4
2
2

8

i

-

-

-

-

8

1

T R A N S C R IB IN G -H A C H IN E

--------

T Y P IS T S

T Y P I S T S --------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G
T Y P I S T S . CLASS
M A N U F A C T U R IN G

2

26

-

6

“
-

-

6
-

6

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f ’t a b le s .




3

“

i

8

3

“

-

_

-

-

~

i

-

i

"

-

_

”

-

-

~

-

-

-

“
-

-

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, IM.J., June 1978— Continued
N um ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly e a rn in gs of—
u __ _

%

Average
weekly

%

$

ALL

of
woiken

(standard

45

S

%

S

%

%

Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

150

s

s

S

%

s

s

190

203

210

-

160

180
-

-

-

-

-

180

140

200

210

220

2 30

1
-

i
-

~

~

-

~

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

105

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

-

~

3

11
7
4

9
9

9
6
3

6
-

1
-

-

11
5
6

-

5

-

2
3

5
4

and
under

130

140

%

105

110

120

%

100

100

O c c u p a t io n a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s io n

170

%

%

%

s

%

2 40

260

280

300

-

-

-

-

and

260

280

300

320

over

-

-

-

~
-

-

-

-

-

-

"

i
i

2
2

2
2

~

-

-

220

233
240.

320

W O RK ERS —

C O N T IN U E D
M E S S E N G E R S --------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------

66
34
32

3 7 .5
3 8 .0
3 6 .5

$
1 3 7 .0 3
1 3 3 .0 0
1 4 1 .5 0

$
1 3 5 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0
1 4 8 .0 0

$
$
1 1 4 .5 0 - 1 5 0 .0 3
1 2 0 .5 0 - 1 4 3 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0 - 1 6 1 .5 0

S U IT C H R O A R O O P E R A T O R S -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------

72
40
32

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .5

1 6 8 .5 0
1 8 5 .5 0
1 4 7 .5 0

1 7 6 .0 0
1 8 4 .0 0
1 5 0 .5 0

1 4 4 .5 0 - 1 8 5 .5 0
1 7 6 .0 0 - 1 8 8 .0 0
1 1 4 .5 0 - 1 7 4 .5 0

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T S M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------------------------------------

152
to o
52

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 4 .0

1 5 4 .5 0
1 6 3 .0 0
1 5 2 .5 0

1 5 5 .0 0
1 5 6 .0 0
1 4 7 .5 0

1 4 0 .3 0 - 1 7 8 .0 0
1 4 0 .0 0 - 1 7 8 .5 0
1 3 5 .0 0 - 1 7 1 .5 0

ORDER C L E R K S ----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------

76
55

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 8 0 .0 0
1 8 5 .5 0

1 4 4 .0 0
2 0 1 .0 0

1 4 0 .3 0 - 2 0 4 .0 0
1 7 7 .0 0 - 2 1 5 .0 3

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

-

-

3

14
7
7

-

-

-

4
-

8
-

i
-

-

4

8

i

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

17
15

8
8

4
4

4
4

2

6

6

4

3

3

3

5

i

5

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

79
60
19

55
45

53
35
18

56
35
21

83
62
21

68
56
12

44
16
28

36
32
4

24
17
7

10
6
4

11
8

3
~

3
-

-

10

67
53
14

3

3

3

20
8
12

4
-

2
i
i

5
i
4

5
4

49
35
14

45
38
7

24

24
20
4

17
12
5

6
5
i

8
5
3

3
~

3
-

i

16
5
11

3

3

53
44

62
52
10

48
31
17

40
30
10

34

23
18
5

23
6
14

12
12

7
5
2

4

3
3

24
8

2
2

8
8

2
2

-

_

_

2
-

1
1

5
1
4

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K S . C L A S S A ----------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------

220
144
76

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .5

2 0 4 .5 0
2 0 8 .0 3
1 9 8 .0 0

1 4 5 .0 0
1 4 5 .0 0
1 4 2 .5 0

1 8 2 .5 0 - 2 1 5 .0 3
1 8 5 .0 0 - 2 1 5 .0 0
1 7 5 .0 0 - 2 1 2 .0 0

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K S . C L A S S B ----------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------

400
293
107

3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 4 .5

1 6 8 .0 3
1 6 1 .5 0
1 8 6 .0 3

1 6 0 .0 0
1 5 8 .0 0
1 6 4 .5 0

1 4 0 .0 0 - 1 8 1 .0 0
1 4 0 .3 0 - 1 7 4 .0 3
1 5 0 .0 0 - 2 0 3 .OJ

M A C H IN E B I L L E R S -----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------

62
46

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

1 4 3 .5 0
2 0 8 .5 0

1 7 5 .0 0
1 4 0 .0 0

1 5 0 .3 0 - 2 0 8 .0 0
1 7 5 .0 0 - 2 2 4 .0 0

_

-

_

-

“

“

B I L L I N G - M A C H I N E B I L L E R S ----------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------

44
28

3 4 .5
3 4 .5

1 4 7 .5 0
2 2 5 .0 3

1 5 3 .5 0
2 2 4 .0 0

1 5 0 .3 0 - 2 3 3 .0 0
1 5 3 .5 0 - 3 0 4 .5 0

-

-

-

64
64

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

2 0 8 .5 0
2 1 2 .5 0

2 0 0 .0 0
2 0 1 .0 0

1 7 2 .3 0 - 2 2 3 .0 3
1 7 2 .3 0 - 2 2 5 .0 0

”

3 9 .0
3 8 .0
3 9 .0

1 6 7 .0 0
1 7 0 .5 3
1 6 5 .0 0

1 7 0 .0 0
1 7 0 .5 0
1 6 4 .0 0

1 5 2 .3 0 - 1 8 0 .0 0
1 5 7 .3 0 - 1 8 0 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0 - 1 8 2 .0 3

-

----------------------------

524
187
342

K E Y E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A ------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------

283
81

3 9 .0
3 8 .0

1 7 B .5 0
1 8 0 .5 0

1 7 8 .5 0
1 8 0 .0 0

1 6 8 . 3 0 —1 8 4 * 0 0
1 7 0 .0 0 - 1 8 8 .0 0

-

K E Y E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B ------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------

246
106
140

3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 9 .0

1 5 3 .5 0
1 6 3 .0 0
1 4 6 .5 0

1 5 5 .0 0
1 6 0 .0 0
1 4 5 .0 0

1 3 7 .5 0 - 1 7 0 .0 0
1 5 5 .3 0 - 1 7 3 .5 0
1 3 0 .3 0 - 1 6 0 .0 0

-

-

4

2
2

-

1
1

“

_

_

5
1
4
_

_

-

75
60
15

_

_

-

_

9
_

_

“
_

-

2

2

2
-

-

~

“

~

“
35
13

24
8

27
7

_
-

_

ii
i i

3
3

2

71
32

85
34

5
5

-

13
13

4
4

6
6

71
31
40

-

-

-

9
8
1

_

_

_

-

-

-

11
-

-

-

-

i i

_

_

8
8

-

8
8

-

_

_

_
_

3
3

_

_

_

-

-

-

38
i i
27

13

13

8

_

_

2

1
i

_

2

3
i

_

5

-

-

-

-

8

11

6

2

13
5

13
2

7
2

1
1

-

_

1

-

-

2
-

1

2

24

22

34

51

-

2

8

24

3

68
20

67
28

33

3

41
11

5
-

6
-

33

27
10

42

44

24
13

23
21

5
5

6

52
24
23

4

5

24
24

4

-

2
2

1

W o r k e r s w e re at $32 0 to $34 0.

-

_

-

6
6

7

1

3
3

-

~

7
7

_

3

_

-

“

“

11
10

120
49
71

17

-

-

“

3
3

35
6
24

6
27

_

_

2

3
2
1

-

24
-

-

“

4
4

~

4
4

5

-

-

i
3

-

“

7
-

5

13
14

-

-

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




5
4

4

1

*

5
4

-

3

2
2

-

3
3

-

4

-

-

~

6
2

-

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

3
3

“

6
6

1 2 7 .5 0 - 1 8 0 .0 0

E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------

-

~

2
2

1 5 1 .0 0 - 1 4 8 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0 - 1 4 5 .0 0
1 5 4 .5 0 - 2 0 3 .0 0

KEY

-

2
2

1 5 0 .3 0

_

2
1
1

-

14
14

1 7 8 .0 0
1 7 5 .0 0
1 8 2 .5 0

P A Y R O L L C L E R K S ------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------

i i
10
1

-

~

24
16
8

1 8 1 .0 3
1 7 7 .0 0
1 4 1 .0 0

-

14
9
5

_

34
21
13

1 5 7 .0 0

-

14
8
6

-

-

22
12
10

3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 8 .5

-

”

i
5

-

7
4
3

3 7 .5

B --------------------

5
4
1

4

43

CLASS

23
14
4

4
-

6 20
437
183

C LERK S*

1

8
4
4

-

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K S -------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
----------------------------

ORDER

1

6

“

_

i

6

1

6

-

-

-

_

_

i
i

*8
8

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N.J., June 1978
Weekly earning^^™
(standard)
O c c u p a t io n a n d i n d u s t r y d i v i s io n

Number
of
woikers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard]

N um ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f 120

Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

130

ALL

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

140

150

160

170

180

190

360

430

440

483

-

-

-

and

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

300

5

320

400

440

480

520

over

14
8
6

34
16
18

22
7
15

13
6
7

15
*15

i

27
13
14

20
5
15

13
6
7

15
15

340

363

520

W O RKERS

CO M PUTER S YSTEM S A N A LY S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) -----------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------

158
58
100

3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .0

$
4 0 9 .5 0
4 4 9 .5 0
3 8 6 .5 0

$
4 0 3 .0 3
4 3 0 .0 0
3 8 4 .0 3

$
$
3 4 6 .0 0 - 4 6 1 .5 3
4 0 3 .3 0 - 5 2 2 .5 3
3 4 6 .3 0 - 4 3 0 .5 0

CO M PUTER S YS T E M S A N A LY S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) * C L A S S A --------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------

104
41
63

3 7 . 5 4 4 1 .5 0
37.5

4 8 5 .0 0
4 1 3 .0 3

4 3 1 .0 3
4 9 3 .5 0
4 1 3 .5 0

3 8 8 .3 0 - 4 8 1 .0 0
4 1 3 .5 0 - 5 3 7 .0 3
3 8 4 .3 0 - 4 6 1 .5 0

C O M PU TER S YS T E M S A N A LY S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S B ---------------------

47

3 8 .0

3 5 6 .5 0

3 4 6 .0 0

3 3 7 .3 0 - 3 9 2 .5 0

3 8 .0

2
~

-

-

-

i
-

—

2

_

i

i

1

2

.2

i

12

7

2

-

-

28
16
12

20
10
10

12
2
13

16
ii
5

14

10
9
1

4
4

2
2

-

9

1

12
9

10
9

9

6
2
4

4
4
-

17
14

1

-

_

-

—

-

-

_

178
90
88

3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .0

2 9 2 .0 0
3 2 5 .0 3
2 5 8 .0 0

2 7 7 .0 0
3 1 0 .5 0
2 5 3 .0 0

2 3 6 .3 0 - 3 3 6 .0 0
2 5 8 .0 0 - 3 7 1 .5 3
2 1 7 .0 0 - 2 9 5 .0 3

C O M P U T E R PR O G R A M M E R S ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L A S S A -------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------

75

37.5

48
27

3 8 .0

37.5

3 4 8 .5 3
3 7 4 .5 0
3 0 1 .5 3

3 3 8 .0 0
3 6 8 .5 0
2 8 8 .5 0

3 0 7 .0 0 - 3 8 8 .5 0
3 2 6 .5 0 - 4 1 3 .0 0
2 5 9 .5 0 - 3 2 9 .0 3

C O M PU TE R PRO GRAMM ERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L A S S B -------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------

59
36

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

2 7 3 .0 0
2 7 0 .0 0

2 6 9 .0 0
2 5 8 .0 0

2 5 3 .5 0 - 2 9 5 .5 3
2 5 0 .3 0 - 2 7 8 .0 0

_

_

_

~

”

C O M P U T E R PR O G R A M M E R S ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L A S S C --------------------------------------------

5

6
1
5

3
—

1

-

C O M P U T E R PR O G R A M M E R S ( B U S I N E S S ) —
M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------

—

—

_

-*

-*

-

-

_

-

_

1
-

-

-

“

-

—

-

“

-

_

—

-

-*

_

_

_

~

“

—

-

—

-

—

—

1

8
2
6

19
1
18

20
5
15

-

-

-

-

“

_

2
2

“

4
4

2

—

-

3

7
7

1

3

12
6
6

14
8

11
2

3
i

“

-

1

44

3 7 .5

2 2 1 .3 0

2 1 7 .0 0

2 1 1 .5 0 - 2 3 0 .5 3

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

6

17

16

2

-

-

i

i

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S ----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------

200

2 1 5 .5 3
2 2 3 .0 0
2 1 1 .5 3

2 1 5 .0 0
2 1 5 .0 0
2 1 6 .0 0

1 9 7 .5 0 - 2 3 7 .0 3
2 0 0 .0 0 - 2 4 0 .0 3
1 8 8 .0 0 - 2 3 1 .0 3

2

3

2

91
139

3 8 .5
3 8 .3
3 9 .0

-

-

-

5
-

2

5

20
9
i i

12
5
7

56
36
20

48
10
38

28
16
12

2

1
1

i
1

3

5
3
2

i i
9

2

5
2
3

1
1

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A -------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------

57
35

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

2 3 2 .5 3
2 2 0 .0 3

2 3 5 .0 0
2 2 3 .5 0

2 1 0 .0 0 - 2 4 9 .5 0
2 0 5 .0 0 - 2 3 3 .5 0

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

21
15

7
2

9
i

-

-

14
12

i

-

4
4

-

-

i
1

“

”

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B -------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------

99
60
39

3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .5

2 1 5 .5 0
2 1 2 .5 3
2 2 0 .0 0

2 1 4 .0 0
2 1 0 .5 0
2 2 2 .0 0

2 0 0 .0 0 - 2 3 9 .0 0
2 0 0 .0 0 - 2 2 2 .5 3
1 9 5 .0 0 - 2 4 0 .5 3

_

_

-

-

-

1
i

CO M PU TER

32

3 9 .0

1 7 9 .0 0

1 8 5 .0 0

1 5 2 .5 0 - 1 9 5 .0 3

2

3
-

-

O PERATORS.

CLASS

C

--------

_

2
-

3
-

-

3

4
3
1

9
7
2

5
2
3

39
32
7

15
4
11

19
11
8

1
i

2

2

3

2

1

10

3

3

-

2

i

-

-

-

-

2
2

4
3

3
2

9
9

i
-

10
8

40
37

15
12

26
24

31
28

22
18

18
16

-

-

-

-

-

*

“

“

3
3

8
8

5
4

3
2

18
18

12
8

18
16

_

1

i

23
21

6
4

19
18

_

_

-

3
1

3

i

8
8

_

4
4

4
3

4
4

4
4

5
5

10
10

_

O R A F T E R S -----------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------

182
159

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

2 5 9 .5 0
2 5 9 .0 0

2 6 9 .0 0
2 6 9 .0 0

2 2 8 .3 0 - 2 9 0 .5 3
2 2 8 .3 0 - 2 1 9 0 .0 3

-

-

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S A --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------

68
59

3 9 .0

2 9 2 .0 0
2 9 0 .0 0

2 7 4 .0 0 - 3 2 0 .0 3
2 6 1 .5 0 - 3 2 0 .0 0

-

_

39.5

2 8 9 .5 3
2 8 6 .5 0

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S B --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------

56
45

39.5
39.5

2 4 4 .5 0
2 4 4 .5 0

2 3 9 .5 0
2 3 9 .0 0

2 3 0 .0 0 - 2 7 0 .5 0
2 3 0 .5 0 - 2 7 0 .5 0

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

"

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S C --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------

45

39.5

2 5 5 .0 0
2 5 5 .0 0

1 8 5 .0 0 - 2 9 0 .0 0
1 8 5 .0 0 - 2 9 0 .0 0

_

_

_

3 9 .5

2 3 9 .5 0
2 4 1 .5 0

_

43

-

-

-

-

4
3

W o r k e r s w e r e d is trib u te d as fo llo w s :

8 at $ 520 to $ 560; 6 at $ 560 to $ 600; and 1 at $ 600 to $ 640.

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .




_

-

-

-

*

340

-

130

and
unde r

5

2
2

-

i
i

1

~

-

2
2
-

-

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N.J., June 1978— Continued
Weekly earnings
(standard)
Number
O c c u p a t io n a n d i n d u s t r y d iv i s io n
woriten

Average
weekly
hour*1
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g

s

S
120
Mean2

Middle range 2

Median2

*
130

s
140

*
150

and
under
130

s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s o f --A

160

S
170

s

S
180

190

150

_

_

160

s
220

240

1 ------ 1 ------- s
260
280
300

s

s
3 20

s
340

360

s
400

s

S
440

483

520

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

300

3 20

340

360

4 00

440

-

_

7
7

20
20

2
2

1
1

23
22

7
6

70
4

and

520

over

-

-

1
1

-

-A

140

s
200

480

A L L W O RKERS—
C O N T IN U E D
E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S ------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------------

131
63

AO. 0
4 0 .0

$

$

$
3 1 7 .5 3
2 8 5 .0 3

$
3 4 8 .5 0
3 0 0 .0 0

3 0 1 .0 0 - 3 4 8 .5 3
2 5 6 .5 0 - 3 1 9 .0 3

—

~

'

~

~

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S . C L A S S R:
M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------------

33

3 4 .5

2 6 0 .0 0

2 5 6 .5 0

2 4 5 .0 0 - 2 5 6 .5 0

1

7

18

2

1

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

R E G I S T E R E D I N D U S T R I A L N U R S E S ---------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------------

36
31

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

2 5 6 .5 0
2 5 7 .0 0

2 4 6 .5 0
2 4 8 .5 0

2 2 2 .5 0 - 2 9 3 .5 0
2 2 0 .3 0 - 2 9 3 .5 0

9
8

5
5

11
8

1
1

3
3

1

2
2

4
4

-

-

_

_

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s.




6

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N.J., June 1978
Average
(mean'*)

S e x , 5 o c c u p a t io n ,

O F FIC E

a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

O C C U P A T IO N S

-

Number
of
worker*

26

3 7 .5
3 6 .5

$
1 4 1 .0 0
1 4 0 .5 0

59
29
30

3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 9 .0

38

3 8 .5

C LAS S

O C C U P A T IO N S

-

A —

O F F I C E O C C U P A T IO N S
WOMEN— C O N T IN U E D

S E C R E T A R IE S . C LAS S A
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------

3 8 ,5
3 8 .5
3 9 .9
3 8 .5
38. 5

2 6 5 .0 0
2 6 9 .5 0

S E C R E T A R IE S . C LAS S B
M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G —

229
158
71

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .0

2 2 7 .5 0
2 3 7 .0 0
2 0 7 .0 0

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS C
M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G —

570
421
149

3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0

2 0 7 .0 0
2 1 0 .5 0
1 9 7 .5 0

S E C R E T A R IE S . C LAS S 0
M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G —

241
168
73

3 8 .0
3 7 .5
3 8 .5

1 8 7 .5 0
1 9 1 .0 0
1 8 0 .0 0

S E C R E T A R IE S . C LAS S E
M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G —

172
86

3 9 .3
3 8 .0
4 0 .0

184*59
1 9 2 .0 0
1 7 7 .0 0

126
46
80

3 7 .0
3 8 .5
3 6 .0

86

6ENERAL
-------------

52
32

3 8 .5
3 9 .0

1 9 0 .0 0
1 7 3 .0 0

STEN O G RA PH ERS .

S E N IO R

74

3 6 .0

1 7 4 .5 0

T Y P I S T S . C LAS S
M A N U F A C T U R IN G

T Y P I S T S . C LAS S B
M A N U F A C T U R IN G —
N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

1 6 2 .0 0
1 7 0 .0 0

3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .0

1 3 6 .5 0
1 5 1 .0 0
1 3 0 .5 0

152
37
115

F IL E C LE R K S . C LASS C
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------

S ee fo o tn o te s

3 8 .5
3 9 .0

205

F I L E C L E R K S -------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

1 4 1 .5 0
1 5 8 .0 0
1 3 1 .0 0

—

72
40

3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .0

1 4 5 .5 0
1 4 2 .0 9

131
30

3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .0

1 4 1 .0 0
1 4 2 .0 0

101

1 4 6 .5 0

1 4 0 .5 0

Weekly
hours1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

3 8 .0

C O M P U T E R PR O G R A M M E R S ( B U S I N E S S ) ----M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------

142
73
69

3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .5

$
3 0 0 .5 0
3 3 4 .0 0
2 5 9 .5 0

C O M P U T E R PR O G R A M M ER S ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L A S S A --------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------

62
44

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

3 5 8 .3 0
3 7 9 .5 0

C O M P U T E R PR O G R A M M ER S ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L A S S B --------------------------------------------m a n u fa c t u r in g
---------------------------------

46
25

3 8 .5
3 8 .3

2 7 9 .0 3
2 7 9 .0 0

34

3 8 .0

2 2 4 .0 3

3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 8 .5

2 1 6 .5 0
2 2 2 .5 0
2 1 1 .0 0

1 6 8 .5 0
1 8 5 .5 0
1 4 7 .5 0

152
100
52

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .0

1 5 9 .5 0
1 6 3 .0 0
1 5 2 .5 0

69
48

3 8 .5
3 9 .9

1 7 7 .5 0
1 8 2 .5 0

40

3 7 .5

1 5 5 .5 0

C O M P U T E R PR O G R A M M ER S ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L A S S C ---------------------------------------------

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K S —
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

561
4 38
153

3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 8 .5

1 7 8 .5 0
1 7 5 .5 0
1 8 7 .0 0

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------------------------------------

158
74
84

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K S .
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----

182
130
52

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .0

2 0 5 .0 0
2 0 9 .0 0
1 9 5 .0 3

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A --------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------

55
34

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

2 3 2 .0 0
2 1 9 .5 0

379
278
101

3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 9 .5

1 6 5 .5 0
1 5 9 .5 0
1 8 3 .0 0

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S R --------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------

83
47
36

3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 8 .5

2 1 6 .0 0
2 1 2 .0 0
2 2 1 .0 0

58
42

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 9 1 .0 0
2 3 6 .5 0

D R A F T E R S ------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------

172
152

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

2 6 1 .0 3
2 6 1 .0 3

4 0 .9

1 9 4 .5 0

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S A ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------

66
58

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

2 8 9 .0 0

40
62
57

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

2 0 8 .0 3
2 1 2 .5 0

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S B ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------

51
42

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

2 4 4 .5 0
2 4 4 .5 0

526
186
340

3 9 .0
3 8 .0
3 9 .0

1 6 7 .0 0
1 7 0 .5 0
1 6 5 .0 0

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S C ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------

42
40

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

2 4 5 .0 0
2 4 8 .0 0

283
81

3 9 .0
3 8 .0

1 7 8 .5 0
1 8 3 .5 0

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S -------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------

122
62

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

3 1 6 .0 0
2 8 5 .5 0

243
105
138

3 8 .5
3 8 .3
3 9 .3

1 5 3 .5 0
1 6 2 .5 0
1 4 6 .5 0

32

3 9 .5

2 6 0 .5 0

27

3 8 .5

3 6 8 .5 0

36

3 7 .5

2 5 8 .5 0

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S -----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------

42
25

39. 0
3 9 .5

2 1 1 .5 3
2 1 2 .5 0

R E G I S T E R E D I N D U S T R I A L N U R S E S ----------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------

36
31

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

2 5 6 .5 0
2 5 7 .0 0

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G
ORDER

CLERK S.

CLASS

B

n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K S .
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

M A C H IN E B I L L E R S M A N U F A C T U R IN G
B IL L IN G -M A C H IN E

B IL L E R S

M A N U F A C T U R IN G
EN TR Y O PERATORS
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

KEY E N T R Y O PE R A T O R S . C LA S S A
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------KEY EN TRY O PER ATO R S .
M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

CLASS

B ------

—

P R O F E S S I O N A L ANO
O C C U P A T IO N S

CO M PUTER S YS T E M S A N A LY S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) ----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

--------------------

E LE C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N S . C L iS S B t
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------

CO M PUTER
131
44
87

3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .5

4 1 8 .0 3
4 7 3 .5 3
3 9 0 .0 0

C O M PU TER S YS T E M S A N A LY S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S A -------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------

96
39
57

3 7 .5
3 8 .3
3 7 .5

4 4 1 .0 0
4 8 2 .5 3
4 1 3 .0 0

C O M PU TER S YS T E M S A N A LY S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S B --------------

30

3 8 .0

3 6 5 .5 0

7

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

2 8 6 .5 0

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - WOMEN

T E C H N IC A L
- MEN

at e n d o f t a b l e s .




3 7 .5

$
1 3 1 .0 0

1 6 5 .5 0

3 8 .9
3 8 .0
3 8 .0

296
91

A
—

3 8 .0

71
52

T Y P IS T S

T Y P I S T S --------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

51
367
143
224

T R A N S C R IB IN G -H A C H IN E

an d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

3 8 .5
3 7 .5

KEY
STENO G RAPHERS.
M A N U F A C T U R IN G

S e x , 3 o c c u p a t io n ,

32

1 8 1 .0 0
1 7 8 .0 0
1 8 2 .5 0

S T E N O G R A P H E R S --------M A N U F A C T U R IN G —
N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

26

M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

2 0 7 .0 0
2 1 3 .0 0
1 9 4 .0 0

64
51

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

Number
of

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T IO N S - M E N — C O N T IN U E D

M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G
1 .2 9 8
884
414

Weekly
hours
(standard)

-

M ESSENG ERS

UO HEN

S E C R E T A R I E S ------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------

a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

2 0 2 .5 0

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K S -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------C LERK S.

S ex, 3 o c c u p a t io n ,

2 0 4 .5 0
1 9 7 .5 0
2 1 1 .5 0

SO

O F F IC E

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

MEN

M E S S E N G E R S --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

A C C O U N T IN G

Week hr
hours
(standard)

Average
(mean*)

Average
(mean2)
Number
of
workers

SYSTEM S

(B U S IN E S S )
CO M PUTER

A N ALYSTS

-------------------------------------------

PR O G R A M M E R S

(B U S IN E S S )

-----

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N.J., June 1978
N um ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e h ou rly earning S o f ---

Hourly earnings 4

%

Number

O ccup ation and in du stry d iv isio n
workers

Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

U nder
4 .1 0

s

s

*

S

%

%

S

%

s

4 .1 0
,

4 .2 0

4 .3 0

4 .4 0

4 .5 0

4 .7 0

4 .9 0

5 .1 0

5 .3 0

5 .5 0

33
33

$
6 .7 5
6 .7 5

$
6 .8 8
6 .8 8

$
6 .5 1 6 .5 1 -

$
7 .4 6
7 .4 6

M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N S -----------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------

99
99

6 .8 2
6 .8 2

6 .6 8
6 .6 8

6 .1 5 6 .1 5 -

$
6 . 30

S
6 .5 0

s
6 .7 0

$
6 .9 0

%

%

$

t

i

7 . 10

7 . 30

7 .7 0

8 .1 0

8 .5 0

and
4 .3 0

4 .4 0

4 .5 0

4 .7 0

4 .9 0

-

-

-

-

-

5 .1 0

5 .3 0

5 .5 0

7 .2 6
7 .2 6

M A IN T E N A N C E M A C H I N I S T S ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------

77
77

7 .6 4
7 .6 4

7 .6 3
7 .6 3

6 .6 5 6 .6 5 -

9 .0 2
9 .0 2

-

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC S <M A C H I N E R Y I M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------

358
322

6 .7 1
6 .8 0

6 .6 8
6 .6 8

6 .1 6 6 .1 6 -

7 .5 1
7 .5 1

4
4

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC S
(MOTOR V E H I C L E S ) -------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------

120
130
76

7 .5 2
7 .5 6
8 .0 3

7 .6 7
8 .0 5
8 .0 5

7 .2 1 6 .6 0 7 .5 5 -

8 .0 6
8 .2 7
8 .2 7

M A IN T E N A N C E P I P E F I T T E R S -------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------

26
26

7 .2 2
7 .2 2

6 .9 6
6 .9 6

6 .6 2 6 .6 2 -

7 .7 8
7 .7 8

-

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R S -------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------

29
27

5 . 26
5 . 15

5 .6 0
4 .8 3

4 .5 6 4 .5 6 -

5 .6 0
5 .6 0

t4
4

TO O L AND D I E M A K E R S ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------

126
126

7 .0 8
7 .0 8

7 .0 0
7 .0 3

6 .3 7 6 .3 7 -

5 .7 0

5 .9 0

6 .1 0

6 . 30

6 .5 0

6 .7 0

6 .9 0

7 .1 0

-

-

-

2
2

-

6
6

6
6

-

9
9

12
12

14
14

7 .9 0
7 .9 0

S T A T I O N A R Y E N G I N E E R S -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------

80
74

6 .9 5
6 .7 4

6 .6 8
6 .6 8

6 .6 8 6 .6 8 -

6 .9 5
6 .7 8

B O I L E R T E N D E R S ------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------------- *

68
68

6 .1 3
6 .1 3

6 . 16
6 .1 6

5 .3 3 5 .3 3 -

6 .6 8
6 .6 8

t

s
6 . 10

over

7 . 30

7 . 70

-

10
10

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

6
6

13
13

1
1

6
6

4
4

-

1
1

6
6

9
9

12
12

* 24
24

4
4

31
31

8 .1 0

8 .5 0

W ORKERS

M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R S ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------

*
##

%
5 .9 0

and
under
4 .2 0

ALL

s
5 .7 0

W ork ers
W ork ers
W ork ers
W ork ers

w e re
w e re
w e re
w e re

at $ 8 .9 0 to $ 9 .3 0 .
d is trib u te d as fo llo w s :
at $ 8 .5 0 to $ 8 .9 0 .
at $4 to $ 4 .1 0 .

“

“

2
2

2
2

-

-

"

-

13
2

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

_

14
14

15
15

”

2
2

2
2

16
16
55
55

4
4

6
6

7
7

5
5

2
2

28
10

7
7

5
5

_
-

6
6

33
33

34
34

12
12

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

12
12

2

-

-

-

-

-

“

”

2
2
2

_

-

-

-

..

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

2
2

-

-

-

-

_

1
1

-

-

5
5

4
4

_

-

_

“

10
10

-

_

-

-

-

3 at $ 8 .5 0 to $ 8 .9 0 ; 6 at $ 8 .9 0 to $ 9 .3 0 ; and 3 at $ 9 .3 0 to $9.7 0 .

8

2
2

-

3
3

17
17

2
2

6
6

26
26

13
7
7

19
12
12

31
26
26

17
17
17

12
** 1 2
12

_

2
2

6
6

-

*** u

-

-

_

_

_

9
9

26
26

6
6

4
4

5
5

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

1
1

6
6

1
1

2

-

3
3

6
6

13
13

5
5

19
19

18
18

4
4

3
3

42
42

4
4

8
8

3
3

15
15

_

_

ii
ii

_
“

-

-

3
3

2
~

_

6
6
-

_

95
87

-

2
2

-

_

_

“
18
18

See fo o tn o te s at end of ta b le s .




2
2

_

4

6
6

8
2

_

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N.J., June 1978
N um ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e h o u rly e a rn in gs o f —

Hourly earnings 4
N
O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s io n

s

of
workers

Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

*

s

s

%

S

s

%

S

2 .8 0

*
3 .0 0

*

2 .6 0

L

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4

-

1
-

i
i
-

4

1
-

2
-

5

1

i

2

5

17
7
10

and
under
2 .8 0

ALL

s
4 .8 0

S
5 .2 0

~

-

S
5 .6 0

s

S

s

S

S

%

*

6 .0 0

6 .4 0

6 .8 0

7 .2 0

7 .6 0

8 .0 0

8 .4 0

5
8 .8 0

9 .2 0

7 .6 3 8 .3 0

8 .4 0

8 .8 0

9 .2 0

9 .6 0

-

-

"*

60

4 .8 0

5 ,2 0

5 .6 0

6 .0 0

6 .4 3

6 .8 0

7 .2 0

74

85

63
63
3

113
19
94
13

29
23
6
3

18
3
15
15

35
23
12
12

35
32
3
3

-

W O RKERS
6 32
275
357
188

$
6 .5 3
5 .9 7
6 .9 7
8 .3 6

$
6 .1 3
5 .7 0
6 . 33
9 .4 0

$
5 .3 2 5 .3 2 5 .0 0 7 .0 6 -

$
7 .6 4
6 .7 4
9 .4 0
9 .4 0

-

8
2
6
3

"

18
10
8
7

T R U C K -------------

48

5 .9 4

5 .3 3

4 .5 5 -

7 .5 1

-

-

1

i

2

i

-

5

1

3

1

2

8

-

-

-

-

23

-

-

-

-

-

T R U C K O R I V E R S . M E D IU M T R U C K ----------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------

125
65

5 .5 1
5 .2 0

5 .5 2
5 .2 0

4 .6 1 4 .6 1 -

6 .3 3
5 .5 2

_

-

_

_

_

2
-

_

15
6

2

2
2

27
27

3
2

3
3

3
3

_

_

-

_

_

_

-

17
17

49

-

2
2

T R U C K O R I V E R S . H E A V Y T R U C K ------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------

220
102

5 .5 1
5 .5 1

5 .5 0
5 .7 0

4 .7 8 5 .3 2 -

5 .7 0
5 .7 0

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

3

56

58
58

3
~

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

38
35

42

-

14
8

“

~

T R U C K O R I V E R S . T R A C T O R - T R A I L E R ----M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------

2 37
72
165
160

8 .1 5
6 .9 9
8 .6 6
8 .7 4

7 .9 7
6 .7 4
9 .4 0
9 . 40

7 .0 6 6 .0 5 7 .5 7 7 .9 5 -

9 .4 0
7 .8 5
9 .4 0
9 .4 0

2
2

15

-

~

22
16
6
6

23
20
3

-

10
4
6
6

S H I P P E R S ------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------

81
78

4 .9 3
4 .9 3

4 .9 0
4 .9 0

4 .2 5 4 .2 5 -

5 .8 1
5 .7 2

_

3
3

8
8

15
14

6
6

12
11

R E C E I V E R S -----------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------NONMA N U F A C T U R I N 6 ----------------------------

91
59

5 .5 3
5 . 23
6 .3 9

5 .4 0
5 .1 0
5 .7 5

4 .6 5 4 .6 5 5 .1 4 -

6 .3 0
5 .7 5
7 .0 3

_

17
14
3

9
4
5

11
6
5

7
7

-

12
11
1

S H I P P E R S AND R E C E I V E R S ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------

77
44

5 .5 1
5 .5 1
5 .6 5

4 .8 1 4 .8 6 4 .2 7 -

6 .2 6
6 .1 9
6 .7 4

_

_

_

12
6
6

12
12

ii
6
5

13
9

33

5 .5 2
5 .5 2
5 .5 2

W A R E H O U S E M E N -----------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------

291
59
2 37

5 .0 4
6 .0 2
4 .8 1

4 .7 0
6 .1 3
4 .6 5

3 .9 0 4 .7 6 3 .8 5 -

5 .7 0
6 .6 0
5 .4 0

_

_

~

-

-

-

22
3
19

23
23

ORDER

T R U C K O R I V E R S -----------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------------T RUCKDRI V ER S •

L IG H T

32

-

-

2
2
~

“

“

i
1

_

_

1

8
8

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

4
4

-

9
9

16
16

-

5
5

5
5

2
2

-

_

-

_

_

-

2

-

2
1
1
-

-

-

11

14
6

-

8

28
28

11
-

-

“

17
57

17
1
16

25
25

10
1
9

12
1
11

21
6
15

34
7
27

76
9
9

-

3

~

-

-

123
123
123

-

-

“
35
32
3
3

-

“

15
15

12
12
12

2
2

1
1

-

-

-

“

2
2

12
4
8

5
“

-

-

-

-

118
118
118

-

-

-

“

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

8
i
7

_

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

8
4
4

25
4

15
14

4
4

1

“

30
30

-

21

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“
-

-

12
12

~

----------------------------------------

155

6 .2 3

6 .0 0

5 .8 3 -

6 .0 0

-

-

-

-

2

1

1

-

-

2

-

6

20

17

72

4

-

-

-

30

-

-

-

S H I P P I N G P A C K E R S ---------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------

200
114
86

4 .8 0
4 .8 6
4 .7 1

4 .6 3
4 .6 0
5 .3 8

4 .2 3 4 .2 3 4 .5 5 -

5 .6 3
6 .2 3
5 .6 3

9
3
6

1
~

7
7

1
1

10
10

1

5
5

18
1R

19
19

24
4

23
23

1

28
28

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

32
11
21

5
5

1

15
2
13

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G L A B O R E R S --------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------

5 2D
367
153

4 .9 5
4 .4 2
6 .2 2

4 .0 6
4 .0 5
8 .1 3

3 .8 8 3 .8 8 3 .3 7 -

5 .3 2
5 .0 6
9 .0 3

15

12
-

7
-

-

2
2

2
2

-

15

12

F O R K L I F T O P E R A T O R S -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------

590
441
149
33

6 .0 8
5 .7 5
7 .0 6
7 .0 4

5 .6 5
5 .4 3
7 .4 8
6 .0 8

5 .3 8 5 .3 0 6 .4 8 5 .0 8 -

7 .0 1
6 .4 9
7 -48
9 .1 6

_

_

G U AR D S ----------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------

192
57

3 . 73
4 .5 8

135

3 . 37

3 .5 0
4 .6 2
3 .0 0

3 .9 0 3 .7 6 2 .9 5 -

4 .2 9
5 .3 3
3 .7 5

19
19

18
18

39

G U A R D S . C L A S S B -------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------

140
41

3 .5 2
4 .2 9

3 .0 0
4 .2 9

2 .9 5 3 .2 0 -

4 .2 1
5 .0 6

19

18

35

J A N I T O R S . P O R T E R S . AND C L E A N E R S ----M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------

634
303
301

3 .9 0
4 .4 8
3 .3 2

3 .5 5
4 . 30
3 .0 0

2 .9 0 3 .5 7 2 .7 0 -

4 .6 5
5 .3 3
3 .4 7

118
12
106

F ILLE R S

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

----------------------------

-

-

-

-

20

8
5
3

12
12

161
161

40
36
4

13
12
1

9
9

13
13

-

“

62
60
2

39
39

7

32
4
28

-

~

”

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

3
3
-

36
36
-

20
20
-

6
6
-

78
66
12
12

124
124

24
24

-

14
8
6

-

39
-

15
12
3

13

18
3

5
-

8
3
5

3
2
1

16
16

15

15
10
5

7
4

13

7
7

7

8
3

-

4

12
10

8
3

3
2

6
4

-

35
30
5

18
15
3

22

24
20
4

21
20
1

27
24

32
28
4

“
38
6
32

72
3
69

“

13
12
30
19
11

“
59
47
12

S e e fo o tn o te s a t en d o f t a b le s .




1

1

9

5

35
13
22

ip

10

3

“

”

“

14

“

-

-

11
11

1
1
~

"

“

14

48
29
19

67
47
20

34
34
-

69
69

44
44
-

9

-

9

-

~

7

"

7
6
1

1
1

-

-

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

1
~
1

“

“

6
6

1
1

-

_

-

-

-

33
18

21
18
3

10
10

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

12

-

”

“

-

10
8
2

67
67

-

10
ID
10

4
4
4

-

_
-

-

-

_

2

_

2

-

-

~

Table A-6.

Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement

and custodial workers, by sex, in Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N.J., June 1978
Average
(mean2 )
hourly
earnings

S ex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

Average
(mean2)
hourly
earnings4

S e x , 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv is io n

M A T E R I A L M O VEM EN T ANO C U S T O D I A L
O C C U P A T IO N S - M EN

M A I N T E N A N C E * TO O LR O O M , AND
P O U E R P L A N T O C C U P A T IO N S - HEN
M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R S ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------

33
33

$
6 .7 5
6 .7 5

M A I N T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N S -----------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------

99
99

6 .8 2
6 .8 2

-----

<18

5 .9 4

T R U C K O R I V E R S , M E D IU M T R U C K —
M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------

125
65

5 .5 1
5 .2 0

T R U C K O R I V E R S , H E A V Y TR U C K ----M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------

22 0
102

5 .5 1
5 .5 1

T R U C K O R IV E R S , T R A C T O R - T R A I L E R
M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
-------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

237
72
1 65
16 0

8 .1 5
6 .9 9
8 .6 6
8 .7 4

72
69

5 .0 2
5 .0 3

--------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
--------------------

86
54
32

5 .6 1
5 . 33
6 .0 9

73
44
29

5 .5 0
5 .5 2
5 .4 8

----------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------

290
54
2 36

5 .9 4
6 .9 2
4 .8 1

M A IN T E N A N C E M A C H I N I S T S ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------

77
77

7 .6 4
7 .6 4

M A I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC S ( M A C H I N E R Y ) M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------

358
322

6 .7 1
6 .8 0

M A I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC S
(M O TO R V E H I C L E S ) -------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------

120
103
76

7 .5 2
7 .5 6
8 .0 3

M A I N T E N A N C E P I P E F I T T E R S -------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------

26
26
29
27

5 .2 6
5 . 1 5 R E C E IV E R S

TO O L AND D I E M A K E R S ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------

126
126

TR U C K

7 .2 2
7 . 2 2 S H IP P E R S

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A O E S H E L P E R S -------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------

LIG H T

-----------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------

S T A T I O N A R Y E N G I N E E R S -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------

83
74

S H I P P E R S ANO R E C E I V E R S --------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------6 .9 5
N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------6 . 74

B O I L E R T E N D E R S ------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------

68
68

6 .1 3
6 .1 3

-------------------------------------------------------------------

123
78

$
4 .7 5
4 .6 0

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G L A B O R E R S --------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------

5 20
367
153

4 .9 5
4 .4 2
6 . 22

F O R K L I F T O P E R A T O R S -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------N 0 N M A N U F A C T U R IN 6 ---------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------ -

590
441
149
33

6 .0 8
5 .7 5
7 .0 6
7 .0 4

GUARDS ----------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------

1 89
56
1 33

3 .7 2
4 .5 8
3 . 36

G U A R O S , C L A S S B -------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------

138
40

3 . 51
4 . 28

J A N I T O R S , P O R T E R S , AND C L E A N E R S ----M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------

5 38
294
244

4 .0 1
4 .4 9
3 .4 3

S H IP P IN 6 PACKERS
M A N U F A C T U R IN G

M A T E R I A L M O VEM ENT
O C C U P A T IO N S

S H IP P IN G

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




w areho usem en

m a n u f a c t u r in g

PACKERS

AND C U S T O O I A L
- WOMEN

----------------------------------

77

J A N I T O R S , P O R T E R S , AND C L E A N E R S ----N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------

66
57

00
OC

6 32
2 75
357
188

T R U C K O R IV E R S ,

7 .0 8
7 .0 8

M A T E R I A L M O VEM ENT AND C U S T O O I A L
O C C U P A T IO N S - MEN— C O N T I N U E D

$
6 .5 3
5 .9 7
6 .9 7
8* 36

T R U C K O R IV E R S ---------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------

Average
(mean2)
hourly
earnings4

S ex, 3 o c cu p a tion , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

3 .3 0
2 .8 2

Table A-7.

Percent increases in average hourly earnings, adjusted for employment shifts.

for selected occupational groups in Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N.J., for selected periods
In du stry and o ccu p a tio n a l group 5

June 1976
to
June 1977

June 1975
to
June 1976

June 1977
to
June 1978

6 .0

A l l in d u s tr ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l . ________ _______________ ________
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g ____________ ■
___________
In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s _____________________________________
S k ille d m a in te n a n ce tra d e s _________________ _____
U n s k ille d plant w o r k e r s . ___________________________

8.7
8.0
7.4
7.9
8.5

6.6
6.5
6.7
7.0
8.5

7.9
3 .6
5 .5
5 .5

M anuf a ctu rin g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ___________________________________ ___
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g ______________ ________
In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s _________________________ ________
S k ille d m a in te n a n ce tr a d e s __________________________
U n sk ille d plant w o r k e r s ______________________________

9.7
(6)
7.4
8.2
8.6

7.6
( 6)
6.6
6.8
8.4

6 .3
7.4
4.3
7.0
5 .4

N onm anuf ac tur in g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ______________________________________
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g . ________________________
In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s _____________________________________
U n sk ille d plant w o r k e r s ______________ ____________

7.5
6.5
( 6)
8.2

5.4
4.5
(6)
9.0

5 .8




S ee

fo o tn o te s

at

end

o f t a b le s .

A r e v is e d d e s c r ip tio n f o r co m p u te r o p e r a to r s is be in g in tro d u c e d in this a r e a in
1978.
The r e v is e d d e s c r ip tio n is not c o n s id e r e d equ iva le n t to the p r e v io u s d e s c r ip tio n .
T h e r e fo r e , the e arn in gs o f co m p u te r o p e r a to r s a r e not used in com pu tin g p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s
f o r the e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g group.

11

(‘ )
( 6)
5 .3

B.

Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions

Table B-1.

Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks in Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N.J., June 1978
O ther in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 8

Inexp e r ie n c e d ty p is ts
M anuf a ctu r ing
M in im um w e e k ly s t r a ig h t-t im e s a la r y 7

A ll
s ch e d u le s

*100.00
*105.00
*110.00
*115.00
*120.00
*125.00
*130.00
*135.00
*140.00
*145.00
*150.00
*155.00
*160.00
*165.00

AND
AN0
AND
A NO
AND
ANO
ANO
ANO
AND
ANO
ANO
AND
AND
ANO

U N D E R * 1 0 5 . 0 0 -------------U N D E R * 1 1 0 . 0 0 -------------U N D E R * 1 1 5 . 0 0 ----------U N D E R * 1 2 0 . 0 0 ----------U N D E R * 1 2 5 . 0 0 ----------U N D E R * 1 3 0 . 0 0 ----------U N D E R * 1 3 5 . 0 0 ----------U N D E R * 1 4 0 . 0 0 ----------U N D E R * 1 4 5 . 0 0 ----------U N D E R * 1 5 0 . 0 0 ---------U N D E R * 1 5 5 . 0 0 ---------U N D E R * 1 6 0 . 0 0 ---------U N D E R * 1 6 5 . 0 0 ---------O V E R -----------------------

2

1
1
1
1

1
1
1
1
-

-

1

1
1
1
1
2

3

E S T A B L I S H M E N T S UHICH DID NOT E MPLOY
W O R K E R S IN T H I S C A T E G O R Y --------------

78

39

XXX

at

1
1
1
“

2
2
“
i
i
“
“

"
“

-

1
1
1
1

1

9
4

2
1
2
3
3

1
1
i
2
2
1

2
-

1

1
-

1
1

~
1
1

“

i
1
1
i

XXX

15

XXX

XXX

51

31

XXX

20

XXX

XXX

xxx

39

xxx

xxx

56

29

xxx

27

xxx

XXX

-

e n d o f t a b le s .




3
3

-

XXX

fo o tn o te s

~

-

-

S ee

-

-

22

“

“

i
i
~
i

1
1

-

37

i
-

~

-

E S T A B L I S H M E N T S H A V I N G NO S P E C I F I E D
M I N I M U M --------------------------------------

3

i
i
i
i
i
~
i
i
~
i

-

-

”

6

-

-

2
1
1
1
-

3

i
i

1
1
2
1

7

_

-

1
1
1
1
i

_

-

1
1

14

1
2

”

3

-

33

_

-

3

7

-

5

-

~

1

7

i
2

5

12

3

19

66

-

37>/2

XXX

xxx

6

40

xxx

74

4

1

A ll
s c h e d u le s

140

-

4
3
3

37J 2
/

xxx

-

_

* 9 7 . 5 0 -----------------* 1 0 0 . 0 0 ----------------

B a sed on stan d ard w e e k ly hou rs 9 o f—
A ll
sch ed u les

37 xu

13

25

UNDER
UNDER

40

XXX

ESTABLISHMENTS HAVING A SPECIFIED
M I N I M U M --------------------------------------------------AND
AND

A ll
s ch e d u le s

66

74

*95.00
*97.50

37 */j

xxx

140

STUDIED

40

\ N on m anufacturing

M anufacturin g
A ll
in d u strie s

XXX

--------------------

ESTABLISHMENTS

N onm anuf actu r ing

B a se d on stan dard w e e k ly h ou rs 9 of—

A ll
in d u strie s

12

~

~




Table B-2.

Late-shift pay provisions for full-time manufacturing production

and related workers in Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N.J., June 1978
(A ll fu ll- t im e m an ufacturin g p r o d u c tio n and re la te d w o r k e r s = lO O jaercent^
W o r k e r s on late shifts

A ll w o r k e r s 10
Secon d shift

PERCENT
IN

E S T A B LIS H M E N T S

OF

U IT H

T h ird sh ift

Secon d sh ift

7 4 .5

6 2 .2

14*5

U0RKER9

LA TE

S H IF T

P R O V IS IO N S

U I T H NO P A Y D I F F E R E N T I A L F O R L A T E S H I F T UORK
U I T H P A Y D I F F E R E N T I A L FOR L A T E S H I F T UORK ---U N IF O R M C E N T S - P E R - H O U R D I F F E R E N T I A L ----------U N IF O R M P E R C E N T A G E D I F F E R E N T I A L ------------------O TH ER D I F F E R E N T I A L ------------------------------------------AVERAGE
U N IF O R M
U N IF O R M

PAY

T h ird shift

1 .4
7 3 .1
3 9 .6
3 3 .0

-

.5

6 2 .2
3 3 .9
2 6 .8
1 .5

1 2 .3
8 .7

1 9 .5
1 0 .4

.1
1 4 .4
7 .5
6 .8

5 .0
-

.i

5 .0
3 .4
1 .4
.1

1 0 .8
8 .4

2 1 .7
1 0 .4

D IF F E R E N T IA L

C E N T S - P E R - H O U R D I F F E R E N T I A L --------------P E R C E N T A G E D I F F E R E N T I A L ----------------------P E R C E N T OF U O RK ERS B Y T Y P E AND
AMOUNT OF P A Y D I F F E R E N T I A L

U N IF O R M c e n t s - p e r - h o u r :
5 C E N T S ---------------------------------------------------------6 ANO UNOER 7 C E N T S -----------------------------------7 ANO UNDER 8 C E N T S -----------------------------------ID C E N T S --------------------------------------------------------13 C E N T S --------------------------------------------------------1A C E N T S --------------------------------------------------------15 C E N T S --------------------------------------------------------16 ANO UNOER 17 C E N T S -------------------------------19 C E N T S --------------------------------------------------------20 C E N T S --------------------------------------------------------22 C E N T S --------------------------------------------------------25 C E N T S --------------------------------------------------------30 C E N T S ---------------------------------------------------------

1 0 .3
1 .0
1 .3
8 .3
2 .2
1 .2
6 .1
.7
1 .4
4 .0
-

3 .4
~

U N IF O R M p e r c e n t a g e :
3 P E R C E N T ------------------------------------------------------5 P E R C E N T -------------- .---------------------------------------6 P E R C E N T ------------------------------------------------------7 AND UNOER 8 P E R C E N T -------------------------------10 P E R C E N T ----------------------------------------------------12 P E R C E N T ----------------------------------------------------15 P E R C E N T -----------------------------------------------------

S ee fo o tn o te

a t end

2 .2
1 .4
2 .4
3 .7
2 3 .2
~

o f t a b le s .

13

2 .7
*3
1 0 .3
2 .1
.7
1 .4
4 .9
1 .2
6 .7
6 .6

2. 2
2 .5
1 5 .6
1 .1
5 .3

1*5
.'8
.2
.7
.3
*7
*3

"
•6
.•5
•6
.8
4 .4
-

.4
.2
.2
1 .1
.1
.9
.6

_
.3
.6
.2
.4

Table B-3. Scheduled weekly hours and days of full-time first-shift workers in Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N.J., June 1978
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P r o d u c t io n and r e la t e d w o r k e r s
Ite m
A l l in d u s t r ie s

percent

of

W E E K LY
A LL
20
30
32
35
36
37
37
38
39
40
50

w o rkers

H OURS

FU LL-T IM E

by

M a n u fa c t u r in g

N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A l l in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

100

100

100

100

100

100

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

sch ed uled

AND O A Y S

WORKERS

— ‘----------------

H O U R S -5 O A Y S ------------------------------------H O U R S -5 D A Y S ------------------------------------1 / 2 H O U R S -5 D A Y S -----------------------------H O U R S -5 O A Y S ------------------------------------1 / 4 H O U R S -5 D A Y S -----------------------------H O U R S -5 O A Y S ------------------------------------1 / 2 H O U R S -5 O A Y S -----------------------------3/<i H O U R S -5 D A Y S -----------------------------H O U R S -5 O A Y S ------------------------------------H O U R S -5 O A Y S ------------------------------------H O U R S -5 1 / 2 D A Y S ------------------------------

100
(1 2 k
2
7
(121
(1 2 1
7
82
i

_
-

9
i
-

2
89

_

3
-

3

1
19

-

66
4

3 9 .5

-•
97

3 8 .8

-

100

_

“

2
5
“

_
(12)
12
2
(12)
42
8
(12)
35

8
3
-

37
16
1
35
~

-

-

(121
17
1
1
47

37
9
_

-

-

4
_
-

34

49

-

-

3 7 .9

3 7 .7

A V E R A G E S C H E D U LE D
W E E K LY HOURS
A LL

W E E K LY

WORK S C H E D U L E S

------------------

3 9 .3

3 9 .9

See fo o tn o te at end o f ta b le s .




14

3 8 .1

3 8 .4

Table B-4. Annual paid holidays for full-time workers in Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N.J., June 1978
O ff ic e w o r k e r s

P r o d u c t io n a n d r e la t e d w o r k e r s
Ite m
A l l in d u s t r ie s

PER C EN T

IN

N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A l l in d u s t r ie s

M a n u f a c t u r in g

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u tilitie s

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

w o rkers

— .------------

io a

E S T A B L I S H M E N T S NOT P R O V I D I N G
P A 10 H O L I D A Y S --------------------------------E S T A B LIS H M E N T S PR O V ID IN G
P A I D H O L I D A Y S ---------------------------------

99

100

95

100

100

100

100

100

1 0 .4

1 0 .6

9 .7

1 1 .3

1 1 .0

1 0 .9

1 1 .1

1 0 .9

A LL
IN

of

M a n u fa c t u r in g

F U L L -T IM E

AVERAGE

NU M BER

FO R W O RKERS
P R O V ID IN G

W O RKERS

OF

P A ID

1

5

H O L ID A Y S

IN E S T A B LIS H M E N T S
H O L I D A Y S ---------------------

P E R C E N T OF W O RK ERS B Y NU M B ER
OF P A I O H O L I D A Y S P R O V I D E O
5

H O L ID A Y S

------------------------------PLU S 3 H A LF DAYS
7 H O L I D A Y S ---------------PL U S 2 H A LF DAYS
e H O L I D A Y S ---------------PLU S 1 H ALF DAY PLU S 2 H A LF DAYS
PLU S 4 H A LF DAYS
9 H O L I D A Y S ---------------PLU S 1 H ALF DAY PL U S 2 H A L F DAYS
10 H O L I D A Y S -------------PLU S 1 H ALF DAY P L U S 2 H A L F DAYS

(1 2 1
2

6 H O L ID A Y S

n
12
13

1*
15

-

5
(1 2 1
5
(12 1
1
13
1
24
1
13
27
2
2
1
(12 >

H O L I D A Y S -------------H O L I O A Y S -------------PLU S 2 H A LF DAYS
H O L I D A Y S -------------H O L I D A Y S -------------H O L I O A Y S -------------P E R C E N T O F W O RK ERS
P A I O H O L IO A Y T IM E

(12)

1

2
6

-

-

-

3

10
1
3
2

-

-

5
1
-

-

14
-

9
-

20
1
16
34
3
2
(1 2 1

4
34
7
ii
-

(1 2 >

~
44
42
-

5
1
1

11
-

95
93
88
78
78
74

100
100
99
99
99
99
99
99

3

2
1
1
(12)
6
3
(12)
(12)
3
(12)
1
23
1
1
13
22
6
15
2
(12)

3
1
3
(1 2 )
(1 2 )
3
31
2
17
27
12
“
1
(1 2 )

(12)
1
1
1
( 12 )
9
5

(12)

-

4
i
2
15
1
8
18
30
4

4
45
9
38
4
-

BY TO TAL
PR O V ID E D

5 D A Y S OR MORE -------6 D A Y S OR MORE -------7 D A Y S OR MORE -------7 1 / 2 D A Y S OR MORE
8 D A YS OR MORE -------8 1 / 2 D A Y S OR MORE
9 D A YS OR MORE ------10 O A Y S OR MORE -----10 1 / 2 O A Y S OR MORE
11 O A Y S OR MORE -----12 O A Y S OR MORE -----1 3 O AY S OR MORE -----14 D A YS OR MORE ------

S e e fo o t n o t e s at e n d o f ta b le s ,




99
98
96
91
91
86
86
72
47
47

100
100
99
96
96
91
91
76

33

39

6

5

2

2

55
55

72
63
25
25
18
7
2

56
56
56
14

3

100
99
98
97
96
90
87
84
60
59
45
24
2

100
100

100
99

97
96
96
93
93
90
59
59
39

99
97
96
87
82
78
60
59
51

13
1

33
4

100
100
99
99
99
99
99
96
51
42
42
4

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Paterson—Clifton—
Passaic, N.J., June 1978
P r o d u c t io n and r e la t e d w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Ite m
A l l in d u s t r ie s

PERCEN T
ALL
IN
IN

OF

F U LL-T IM E

6

1

2

3

A

5

OF

P A 10

N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

P u b lic u tilit ie s

UORKERS

V A C A T IO N

-------------

100

100

M a n u fa c t u r in g

N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

P u b lic u tilit ie s

100

100

100

100

100

100

1

-

4

-

4

-

7

-

99

100
86
14

96
96

100
100

96
96

100
103

93
93

100
100

4
30
2
1
1

6
58
7
12

5
64
7
6

6
52
8
17

14
81
(1 2 1
(1 2 1

14
-

15
~

12

85
1
1

78

88
-

89
13

A F T E R : 14

M ONTHS OF S E R V I C E :
U ND ER 1 U E E K --------------------1 U E E K --------------------------------O VER 1 AND U ND ER 2 U E E K S
2 U E E K S ------------------------------3 U E E K S -------------------------------

21
26
8
1
(1 2 )

28
25
10
1

YEAR OF S E R V IC E :
1 U EEK --------------------------------O VER 1 AND UNO ER 2 U E E K S
2 U E E K S ------------------------------O VER 2 AND UNO ER 3 U E E K S
3 U E E K S ------------------------------O VER 3 AND U ND ER A U E E K S

61
4
27
6
i
(1 2 1

64
6
22
8
i

Y E A R S OF S E R V I C E :
1 U E E K -------------------------------O VER 1 AND UNOER 2 U E E K S
2 U E E K S ------------------------------O VER 2 AND U ND ER 3 U E E K S
3 U E E K S ------------------------------O VER 3 ANO UNO ER 4 U E E K S

17
13
61
6
i
(1 2 1

18
19
54
8
i

6
4

“

”

48
7
4
3

54
~

38
-

40
-

52
~

1
2

3
7

_

16
78
-

90
-

1
2

3
7

4

8

_

5

-

-

78
10

75
14

85
-

90
-

1
(1 2 1

1

1
2

3
7

Y E A R S OF s e r v i c e :
1 U EEK --------------------------------2 U E E K S ------------------------------O VER 2 ANO UND ER 3 U E E K S
3 U E E K S ------------------------------O VER 3 AND U NO ER 4 U E E K S

5
82
11
1
(1 2 1

3
81
15
1

8
85
-

90
-

~

1
2

3
7

Y E A R S OF S E R V I C E :
1 U E E K --------------------------------2 U E E K S ------------------------------O VER 2 AND UND ER 3 U E E K S
3 U E E K S ------------------------------O VER 3 AND UNO ER « U E E K S

3
70
10
16
(121

2
71
14

6
66
-

13

23
2

”

_

_
79
14
7

at e n d o f t a b l e s .




"
2
1
92
(1 2 1
1
"

Y E A R S OF S E R V I C E :
1 U E E K --------------------------------O VER 1 AND UNO ER 2 U E E K S
2 U E E K S ------------------------------O VER 2 AND U ND ER 3 U E E K S
3 U E E K S ------------------------------O VER 3 ANO U NO ER 4 U E E K S

S ee f o o t n o t e s

A l l in d u s t r ie s

UO RKERS

E S T A B L I S H M E N T S NOT P R O V I D I N G
P A I D V A C A T IO N S ---------------------------E S T A B LIS H M E N T S P R O V ID IN G
P A I D V A C A T I O N S ---------------------------L E N G T H - O F - T I M E P A Y M E N T ----------P E R C E N T A G E P A Y M E N T -------------------

AMOUNT

M a n u fa c t u r in g

16

(1 2 1
(1 2 1
93
(1 2 1
2

(1 2 1
94
(1 2 1
2

3
1
92
1
3
~

_
1
95
i
3

_
96
i
3

"
(12 1
93
~

(1 2 1

82

~

_
100
~

_

1

100
-

(1 2 1
92
i

100
-

92

_
~

(1 2 1
55
4
38

_
53
2
45

(1 2 1
56
5
31

_
83
17

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N.J., June 1978— Continued
P r o d u c t io n and r e la t e d w o r k e r s

O ff ic e w o r k e r s

Ite m
A l l in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

Y E A R S OF S E R V I C E !
1 W E E K -------------------------------------- —
2 W EEKS --------------------------------------O V E R 2 AND U ND ER 3 W EEKS -----3 W EEKS --------------------------------------O V E R 3 AND UND ER A W EEKS -----A W EEKS ---------------------------------------

3
16
6
62
5
7

2
19
8
59
6
5

5
10
1
69
2
9

Y E A R S OF S E R V I C E :
1 WEEK ----------------------------------------2 W EEKS --------------------------------------O V E R 2 AND U NO ER 3 W E E K S -----3 W E E K S --------------------------------------O V E R 3 ANO U NO ER A W EEKS -----A W EEKS --------------------------------------5 W E E K S ---------------------------------------

3
16
6
55
7
12
<121

2
19
8
52
9
10

5
13
~

3
16
6
36
4
31
2
(12 >

2
19
8
37
5
26
3

AMOUNT OF P a i d
C O N T IN U E D
10

12

15
1

YEARS
WEEK

v a c a t io n

A F T E R 14

OF S E R V I C E :
-----------------------------------------

:
1 WEEK ----------------------------------------2 W E E K S --------------------------------------O V E R 2 AND U ND ER 3 W EEKS -----3 W E E K S --------------------------------------O V E R 3 ANO UNO ER A W E E K S -----A W E E K S --------- ----------------------------O V E R A AND UNO ER 5 W EEKS -----5 W E E K S --------------------------------------years

OVER
25

5

of

AND

~

”

(12)
93
7

6

W EEKS

------

Y E A R S OF S E R V I C E :
1 WEEK ----------------------------------------2 W EEKS --------------------------------------O V E R 2 AND UNO ER 3 W EEKS -----3 W EEKS --------------------------------------O V E R 3 AND U NO ER A W EEKS -----A W E E K S -------------- ------------------------O V E R A AND U ND ER 5 W EEKS -----5 W EEKS --------------------------------------O V E R 5 AND UNO ER 6 W EEKS -----O V E R 6 AND U N D ER 7 W E E K S ------

3
16
6
20
1
44
3
5
(12)

3
16
6
20
1
26
-

2A
3

(12)
12

M a n u fa c t u r in g

N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

5

93
7
-

78
1
13

“

_

5
9

_

_

7

3

(12)

71
1
21

85

99

_
5
-

7
~

37
-

49
3
39

37
1
54
-

-

55
7

-

1

_

5
9

3
59
6
25

_
(12)
49
51

2

_

_

7

(12)

-

-

19

61

87

-

9
69
-

3
28
( 12 )

7
(12)

15
i

13
76

(12)
65

-

4

~

2

7

2
19
8
17

5
9
-

(12)
-

_

_
5
-

26
-

13
~

17

7

-

25
-

23
3

27
3

66

38
3
33
(12)
(12)

1A

_

_

-

-

5

5

26
1
48
4

(12)

17

99

5

(12)

33
i
44
2
1

(12)

“

17
1
A2
4
5

1

3
(1 2 )
85

-

63
2
15
1

2
19
8

27

7
74
i
19

_

_

See fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




5
(12)
79

(12)

s e r v ic e

UNO ER

A l l in d u s t r ie s

-

2 W EEKS --------------------------------------O V E R 2 ANO U NO ER 3 W EEKS -----3 W EEKS --------------------------------------O V E R 3 AND U ND ER A W EEKS -----A W E E K S --------------------------------------O V E R A , AND U ND ER 5 W E E K S -----5 W E E K S ---------------------------------------

20

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

-

13

~
1

_

-

7
-

3

(12)

9
-

25

13

40

36
5
23
( 12 )

-

A3
-

1

~
14
~

71
1

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Paterson—Clifton—
Passaic, N.J., June 1978— Continued
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P r o d u c t io n an d r e la t e d w o r k e r s
Ite m
A l l in d u s t r ie s

AMOUNT

OF

PA ID

V A C A T IO N

M a n u fa c t u r in g

3
16
6
20
1
22
23
2
5

2
19
8
17
1
22
24
3
4

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

A l l in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A F T E R 14

C O N T IN U E D
30

Y E A R S OF S E R V I C E :
1 WEEK -----------------------------------2 U E E K S ---------------------------------O VER 2 AND UND ER 3 U E E K S 3 U E E K S ---------------------------------O VER 3 AND UNDER 4 U E E K S 4 U E E K S ---------------------------------5 U E E K S ---------------------------------O VER 5 AND UNO ER 6 U E E K S 6 U E E K S ---------------------------------O VER 6 ANO UNOER 7 U E E K S -

MAXIM UM V A C A T I O N A V A I L A B L E :
1 U EEK -----------------------------------2 U E E K S ---------------------------------O VER 2 ANO UNDER 3 U E E K S 3 U E E K S ---------------------------------O VER 3 ANO UNOER 4 U E E K S 4 U E E K S ---------------------------------5 U E E K S ---------------------------------O VER 5 AND U ND ER 6 U E E K S 6 U E E K S ---------------------------------O VER 6 ANO U ND ER 7 U E E K S 7 U E E K S ----------------------------------

-

3
16
6
20
1
22
23
2
5

_
~

~

2
19
8
17
1
22
24
3
4
~

5
9

(12)

5

13

17

24
20
2
9

3
35
7
42

31
40

~

“

(12)

13

35
46

27
34

10
39

2
1

5

38

(12)

-

-

7
9
-

-

~
-

_

5

"
-

-

(12)

(1 2 )

5

7

3

13

9
_

17

9

“
25

13

31
37

35
46

27
28

10
39

4

2
1

5

38

_

26
24
2D
2
9

3
35
7
42

_

~

“

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




3
25

4

26
-

18

—

(12)
3

5

Table B-6. Health, insurance, and pension plans for full-time workers in Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N.J., June 1978
P r o d u ctio n and re la te d w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Item
A l l in d u s t r ie s

per cen t

of

M a n u fa c t u r in g

N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A l l in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

100

100

100

P u b lic u tilitie s

w o rkers

----------

TOO

100

100

100

100

IN E S T A B L IS H M E N T S P R O V ID IN G AT
L E A S T ONE OF TH E B E N E F I T S
SHOWN R ELO W 1 5 -------------------------------

99

100

98

100

99

99

99

100

L I F E IN S U R A N C E ----------------------------N O N C O N T R IB U T O R Y P L A N S -----------

93
84

94

90

100

88

73

65

97
71

95
61

99
79

100
61

A C C I D E N T A L D E A T H AND
D I S M E M B E R M E N T I N S U R A N C E --------N O N C O N T R IB U T O R Y P L A N S -----------

76
72

77
75

73
63

7A
65

79
61

76
47

82
75

66
61

S IC K N E S S
OR S I C K

62

55

81

87

84

74

92

98

32
30

32
31

31
27

69
69

47
43

48
42

47
44

74
74

43

36

61

35

70

68

72

62

5

2

12

38

3

-

5

35

LO N G -TER M D I S A B I L I T Y
I N S U R A N C E --------------------------N O N C O N T R IB U T O R Y P L A N S -

14

12
9

20
16

48

58

11

48

26

66
16

51
36

67
67

H O S P I T A L I Z A T I O N IN S U R A N C E
N O N C O N T R IB U T O R Y P L A N S —

98
89

97
93

98
76

100
65

99
66

99
60

99
72

97
61

S U R G I C A L I N S U R A N C E -------N O N C O N T R IB U T O R Y P L A N S

98
90

97
95

98
76

100
65

99
67

99
61

99
72

97
61

M E D I C A L IN S U R A N C E
N O N C O N T R IB U T O R Y

96
89

96
93

97
76

100
65

98
66

98
59

98
72

97
61

M A JO R M E O IC A L IN S U R A N C E
N O N C O N T R IB U T O R Y P L A N S

87
76

87
82

88
59

100
65

97
60

96
54

99
66

97
61

D E N T A L I N S U R A N C E ----------N O N C O N T R IB U T O R Y P L A N S

33
31

32
32

33
28

55
55

23
19

15
13

31
23

49
49

R E T I R E M E N T P E N S I O N -------N O N C O N T R IB U T O R Y P L A N S

86
81

88
84

79
73

95
81

90
85*

88
79

93
90

89
87

A LL

F U L L -T IM E

W O RKERS

AND A C C I D E N T IN S U R A N C E
L E A V E OR B O T H 1 6 -------------

S I C K N E S S AND A C C I D E N T
IN S U R A N C E ----------------------------------N O N C O N T R IB U T O R Y P L A N S ---------S I C K L E A V E ( F U L L P A Y ANO NO
W A IT I N G P E R I O D ) ----------------------S I C K L E A V E ( P A R T I A L P A Y OR
W A IT I N G P E R I O D ) -----------------------

---------PLANS

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




19

Table B-7. Life insurance plans for full-time workers in Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N.J., June 1978
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P r o d u ctio n and r e la te d w o r k e r s
M anufacturin g

A l l in d u s tr ie s

M anufacturin g

A ll in d u stries

Item
A ll
plans 1
7

TYPE

OF
OF

N o n co n trib u to ry
plans 1
7

A ll
plans 1
7

N o n co n trib u to ry
plans 1
7

A ll
plans 1
7

N on c o n trib u to r y
plans 1
7

A ll
plans 1
7

N on c o n trib u to r y
plans 1
7

18

16

14

P L A N AND AMOUNT
IN S U R A N C E

A L L F U L L - T I M E W O RKERS A R E P R O V I D E O TH E SAME
F L A T - S U M D O L L A R A M O U N T:
P E R C E N T OF A L L F U L L - T I M E W O R K E R S 1 8 --------AMOUNT OF I N S U R A N C E P R O V I D E D : 19
M E A N -----------------------------------------------M E D IA N -------------------------------------------M ID D L E R A N G E <50 P E R C E N T I ------M IO O L E R A N 6 E <80 P E R C E N T ) -------

AMOUNT OF I N S U R A N C E I S B A S E O ON A S C H E D U LE
W HICH I N D I C A T E S A S P E C I F I E D O O L L A R AMOUNT OF
IN S U R A N C E F O R A S P E C I F I E D L E N G T H OF S E R V I C E :
P E R C E N T O F A L L F U L L - T I M E W O R K E R S 1 8 --------------AMOUNT OF IN S U R A N C E P R O V I D E D 19 A F T E R :
6 MONTHS OF S E R V I C E :
M E A N -----------------------------------------------------M E D IA N -------------------------------------------------M ID D L E R AN G E <50 P E R C E N T ) ------------M ID D L E R A N G E <80 P E R C E N T ) ------------1
Y E A R OF S E R V I C E :
M E A N -----------------------------------------------------M E D IA N -------------------------------------------------M ID D L E R AN G E <50 P E R C E N T ) ------------M ID D L E R A N G E < 80 P E R C E N T ) ------------5
Y E A R S OF S E R V I C E :
M E A N ----------------------------------------------------M E D IA N -------------------------------------------------M IO O L E R AN G E <50 P E R C E N T ) ------------M ID D L E R A N G E <80 P E R C E N T ) ------------19 Y E A R S OF S E R V I C E :
M E A N -----------------------------------------------------M E D IA N -------------------------------------------------M ID D L E R A N G E <50 P E R C E N T ) ------------M ID D L E R A N G E <80 P E R C E N T ) ------------2 0 Y E A R S OF S E R V I C E :
M E A N -----------------------------------------------------M E O IA N -------------------------------------------------M ID D L E R A N G E <50 P E R C E N T ) ------------M IO O L E R A N G E <80 P E R C E N T ) -------------

65

*a o o
* 3 .5 0 0
S2 * 0 0 0 — 6* 0 0 0
S I >000- 8 .0 0 0

6

62
S O .300
S3 *009
S 2 .0 0 0 - 6 .0 0 0
S I . 0 0 0 - 8 .0 0 0

6

69
* 4 .3 9 0
S 3 .0 0 0
S 2 .0 0 0 - 6 .0 0 0
S I . 0 0 0 - 8 .5 0 0

7

* 4 .2 0 0
S 3 .0 0 0
S 2 .0 0 0 - 6 .0 0 0
S I . 0 0 0 - 8 .0 0 0

29
* 6 .0 0 0
S 5 .0 0 0
S 4 .0 0 0 - 7 .5 0 0
S 3 .0 0 0 - 1 0 .0 0 0

7

S 5 .9 0 0
* 5 # 003
S 4 .0 0 0 - 7 .5 0 0
* 3 .0 0 0 - 1 0 .0 0 0

*5*190
* 5 .0 0 0
* 4 ,0 9 0 - 5*000
4 3 .8 0 0 -1 0 * 0 0 0

4 4 .8 0 0
* 4 .0 0 0
*4 t 0 0 0 — 5 * 0 0 0
4 2 ,0 0 0 - 6 ,0 0 0

3

1

1

3

)
)
)
)

<6 )
<6 )
<6>
<6 )

(61
<6 )
(6 )
<6 )

(6
<6
(6
<6

4 5 ,3 0 0
4 1 .0 0 0
4 1 .0 9 0 -1 0 .0 0 0
S l. 0 0 0 - 1 0 . 0 0 0

* 5 .3 0 0
4 1 .0 0 0
4 1 ,0 0 0 -1 0 ,0 0 0
4 1 .0 0 0 -1 0 ,0 0 0

S 3 .2 0 0
S I . 000
S I .0 0 0 - 2 .0 0 0
S I . 0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

S 3 .2 0 0
S I .0 0 9
S I . 0 0 0 - 2 .0 0 0
S I . 0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

S 3 .5 0 0
S 2 .0 0 9
S I . 0 0 0 - 6 .0 0 0
S I . 0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

S3*500
4 2 .0 0 0
S i . 0 0 0 - 6 .0 0 0
S l. 0 0 0 - 1 0 . 0 0 0

(6
<6
<6
<6

4 2 .9 0 0
S I .5 0 0
S I . 0 0 0 - 2 .0 0 0
S I . 0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

S 2 .9 0 0
S I . 509
S i t 00 0 ” 2*000
S I .0 0 0 - 1 0 .0 0 0

S 3 .1 0 0
S I . 500
S I . 0 9 0 - 2 .0 0 0
S I . 0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

S3*100
41*500
4 1 .0 0 0 - 2 .0 0 0
4 1 .0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

* 5 .3 0 0
S I . 000
S l. 0 0 0 - 1 0 . 0 0 0
S l. 0 0 0 - 1 0 . 0 0 0

S 5 .3 0 0
* 1 .0 0 0
S l. 0 0 0 - 1 0 . 0 0 0
* 1 .0 0 9 - 1 0 .0 0 0

S 5 .6 0 0
S 6 .0 0 0
S 2 .5 0 0 - 7 .0 0 0
S 2 . 5 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

S 5 .6 0 9
S 6 .0 0 0
S 2 .5 0 0 - 7 .0 0 0
S 2 . 5 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

* 5 .5 0 0
S 6 .0 0 0
* 2 .5 9 0 - 6 .0 0 0
* 2 .5 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

S 5 .5 0 0
*6*000
4 2 .5 0 0 - 6 .0 0 0
S 2 . 500- 10 .0 0 0

* 7 .8 0 0
*6 • 9 0 0
S 6 .0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0
S 6 .0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

* 6 .0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0
* 6 .0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

* 7 ,8 0 0
*6*009
* 6 ,0 0 0 -1 0 * 0 0 0
* 6 ,0 0 0 -1 0 * 0 0 0

46* 0 0 0
* 6 .0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0
* 6 * 0 0 0 - 1 0 ,0 0 0

S 6 .9 0 0
* 6 .0 0 0
S5»0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0
S 3 .0 0 0 - 1 0 .0 0 0

S 5 .0 0 0 - 1 0 .0 0 0
S 3 .0 0 0 - 1 0 .0 0 0

* 6 .9 0 0
* 6 .0 0 0
* 5 .0 0 0 -1 0 * 0 0 0
* 3 .0 0 0 -1 0 .0 9 0

4 6 .9 0 0
4 6 .0 0 0
S 5 .0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0
S 3 .0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

* 7 .9 0 0
S 6 .0 0 0
S6 . 0 0 0 - 1 0 . 0 0 0
S 6 .0 0 0 -1 0 .9 0 0

* 7 .9 0 0
S 6 .0 0 0
* 6 .0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0
* 6 .0 0 9 -1 0 .0 0 0

* 7 .9 0 0
* 6 .0 0 0
* 6 .0 0 0 -1 0 ,0 0 0
* 6 ,0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

* 7 ,9 0 0
46* 0 0 0
4 6 * 0 0 0 - 1 0 .0 0 0
* 6 ,0 0 0 -1 0 ,0 0 0

S 7 .8 D 9
S 6*oon
S 5 .0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0
S 3 .0 0 0 - 1 5 .0 0 0

* 7 .9 0 0
4 6 .0 0 0
4 5 .0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0
S 3 .0 0 0 - 1 5 ,0 0 0

4 1 0 .3 0 0
* 6 .0 0 3
S 6 .9 0 0 -1 5 .0 0 0
S 6 .0 0 0 -1 5 .0 0 0

* 1 0 .3 0 0
* 6 .o o a

S5*0 0 9 -1 0 .0 0 0
S 3 .0 0 0 - 1 5 .0 0 0

* 6 .0 0 0 -1 5 .0 0 0
* 6 .0 0 0 -1 5 .0 0 0

S 1 0 .3 0 0
* 6 .0 0 0
* 6 ,0 0 0 -1 5 .0 0 0
* 6 .0 0 0 -1 5 .0 0 0

4 1 0 .3 0 0
* 6 .0 0 0
* 6 .0 0 0 -1 5 ,0 0 0
4 6 .0 0 0 - 1 5 ,0 0 0

S 7 .8 0 0
* 6 .0 0 0

S 5 .0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0
S 3 .0 0 0 - 1 5 .0 0 0

$ 6 t9 0 Q

S6*oon

S 7 .9 0 0
*6*000

S ee footn otes at end of ta b le s .




68

20

* 7 .8 0 0
S 6 .0 0 0

»
)
*
)

*7*800

Table B-7. Life insurance plans for full-time workers in Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N.J., June 1978— Continued
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P r o d u c tio n and r e la te d w o r k e r s
M anufacturin g

A l l in d u strie s

Ma nufacturing

A ll in d u stries

A ll
plans 1
7

N o n co n trib u to ry
plans 1
7

A ll
plans 1
7

N o n co n trib u to ry
plans 1
7

5

2

4

i

A ll
plans 1
7

N on con trib u tory
plans 1
7

A ll
plans 1
7

N on con trib u tory
plans 1
7

14

28

13

T Y P E OF P L A N AND AMOUNT
OF I N S U R A N C E - C O N T I N U E D

AMOUNT OF IN S U R A N C E I S R A S E D ON A S C H E D U LE
W H IC H I N D I C A T E S A S P E C I F I E D D O L L A R AMOUNT OF
I N S U R A N C E F O R A S P E C I F I E D A MO UNT OF e a r n i n g s :
P E R C E N T O F A L L F U L L - T I N E W O R K E R S 1 8 ---------------A MO UNT OF I N S U R A N C E P R O V I D E D 19 I F :
ANNUAL E A R N IN G S ARE * 5 . 0 0 0 :
M E A N ------------------------------------------------------M E D IA N --------------------------------------------------M ID D L E R A N G E < 50 P E R C E N T ) -------------M IO O L E R A N 6 E < 80 P E R C E N T ) -------------ANNUAL E A R N IN G S ARE * 1 0 .0 0 0 :
M E A N ------------------------------------------------------M E D IA N --------------------------------------------------M I D D L E R A N G E < 50 P E R C E N T ) --------------H I D O L E R A N G E < 80 P E R C E N T ) --------------ANNUAL E A R N IN 6 S ARE * 1 5 .0 0 0 :
M E A N ------------------------------------------------------M E D IA N --------------------------------------------------H I D O L E R A N G E < 50 P E R C E N T ) -------------M IO O L E R A N G E < 80 P E R C E N T ) -------------AN N U A L E A R N IN G S ARE * 2 0 .3 0 0 :
M E A N ------------------------------------------------------M E D IA N --------------------------------------------------M I D D L E R A N G E < 50 P E R C E N T ) -------------M ID D L E R A N G E < 80 P E R C E N T ) --------------

AMOUNT OF IN S U R A N C E I S E X P R E S S E D AS A F A C T O R OF
A N N U A L E A R N I N G S : 20
P E R C E N T O F A L L F U L L - T I M E W O RK E RS 1 8 ----------------F A C T O R OF A N N U A L E A R N I N 6 S U SE D TO C A L C U L A T E
AMOUNT OF I N S U R A N C E : 19 20
M E A N -------------------------------------------------------H E O I A N ---------------------------------------------------M I O O L E R A N G E < 50 P E R C E N T ) --------------M I D D L E R A N G E < 80 P E R C E N T ) --------------P E R C E N T O F A L L F U L L - T I M E W O RK ERS C O V E R E D B Y
P L A N S NOT S P E C I F Y I N G A M A X IM U M AMOUNT OF
I N S U R A N C E -----------------------------------------------------------P E R C E N T O F A L L F U L L - T I M E W O RK ERS C O V E R E O B Y
P L A N S S P E C I F Y I N G A M AX IM U M AMOUNT OF
I N S U R A N C E -----------------------------------------------------------S P E C I F I E D M A X IM U M AM O U NT OF I N S U R A N C E : 19
M E A N -------------------------------------------------------M E D I A N ---------------------------------------------------M ID D L E R A N G E < 50 P E R C E N T ) ---------------M IO O L E R AN G E <80 P E R C E N T ) ----------------

AMOUNT OF I N S U R A N C E I S B A S E D
OF p l a n :
PE R C E N T OF A L L F U L L - T I M E

ON

O THER

<6 )
< 6l
<6 )
<6 )

* 5 .3 0 0
<6 )
<6 )
<61

<6
<6
<6
<6

)
1
)
>

* 1 1 .1 0 0
* 1 1 .0 0 0
* 5 .0 0 0 -1 2 .0 0 0
* 3 * 0 0 0 —1 2 1 0 0 0

* 1 0 .4 0 0
* 5 .0 0 0
* 3 .0 0 0 - 5 .0 0 0
* 2 #0 0 0 —6 0 #0 0 0

* 8 .8 0 0
* 1 2 .0 0 0
* 5 .0 0 0 -1 2 ,0 0 0
*5 * 0 9 0 -1 2 * 0 0 0

* 5 ,0 0 0
<6 >
<6 >
<6 1

* 1 3 .7 0 0
S lO tO O O
* 1 0 .0 0 0 - 1 0 .0 0 0
* 1 0 .0 0 0 - 2 2 .0 0 0

* 1 6 .1 0 0
<61
<6 )
<6»

* 1 0 .0 0 0
<6 )
<6>
<61

<6 1

* 1 6 .6 0 0
* 1 5 .0 0 0
* 1 0 .0 0 0 - 2 2 .3 0 0
*6 10 0 0 — 2 2 1 0 0 0

* 1 2 .4 0 0
* 1 5 .0 0 3
* 8 .0 0 0 -1 5 .0 0 0
* 6 .0 0 0 -1 5 .0 0 0

* 1 8 .3 0 0
* 2 2 .0 0 0
* 1 5 ,0 0 0 -2 2 .0 0 0
* 1 5 .0 0 0 -2 2 .0 0 0

* 1 4 ,7 0 0

<6 »
<6 1
<6 1

* 2 0 .2 0 0
* 1 5 .0 0 0
* 1 5 .0 0 0 - 1 5 .0 0 0
* 1 5 .0 0 0 - 3 0 .0 0 0

* 2 3 17 0 0
< 6l
<6 )
<6 l

* 1 4 .7 0 0
<6 1
<6 )
<61

<6
<6
<6
<6

1
1
)
)

* 2 5 .6 0 0
* 3 0 t GOO
* 2 2 .5 0 0 - 3 2 .0 0 0
*8 # 000—3 2 1 0 0 0

*20*900
*25*000
* 1 5 .0 0 0 - 2 5 .0 0 0
* 8 .0 0 0 -3 0 .0 0 0

*27*800
* 3 0 .0 0 0
* 2 5 .0 0 0 -3 2 .0 0 0
* 2 5 .0 3 0 - 3 2 .0 0 0

* 2 4 .2 0 0

* 2 5 .8 0 0
* 1 5 .0 0 0
* 1 5 .0 0 0 - 2 0 .0 0 0
* 1 5 .0 0 0 - 5 0 .0 0 0

* 3 1 .0 0 0
<6 )
<6 )
<6 )

* 1 6 .4 0 0
<6 )
<6 )
<6 >

<6
<6
<6
<6

1
1
»
>

* 3 5 .8 0 0
* 4 0 .0 0 0
* 3 0 .0 0 0 - 4 2 ,0 0 0
* 1 2 .5 0 0 - 4 2 .7 0 0

* 3 0 .7 0 3
* 4 0 .0 0 0
* 2 0 .0 0 0 -4 0 .0 0 0
* 1 2 .5 0 0 - 4 0 .0 0 0

* 4 0 .3 0 0
* 4 0 .0 0 0
* 4 0 .3 3 0 -4 2 .0 0 0

* 3 0 .3 0 0

12

1 .3 2
1 .0 0
1 .0 0 -1 .5 0
1 .0 0 -2 .0 0

9

1 .2 5
1 .0 0
1 .0 0 -1 .5 0
1 .0 0 - 2 .0 0

8

1 .4 9
1 .5 0
1 .3 0 - 2 .0 0
1 .0 0 -2 .0 0

10

8

i

<1 2 )

1 .4 2
1 .5 0
1 .0 0 -2 .0 0
1 .0 0 -2 .0 0

7

8

2

7

* 1 5 1 .2 0 0
* 6 0 .0 0 0
* 5 0 .0 0 0 - 1 0 0 .0 0 0
* 5 0 .0 0 0 - 5 0 0 .0 0 0

* 1 3 4 t lO O
* 1 0 0 .0 0 0
* 6 0 .0 0 0 - 1 0 3 .0 0 0
* 6 0 .0 0 0 - 5 0 0 .0 0 0

<6 1
<6 )
<61
<61

47

1 .5 8
1 .5 0
1 .0 0 - 2 .0 3
1 .0 0 - 2 .2 5

20

27

-

* 1 5 2 .2 0 0
* 1 0 0 .0 0 0
* 7 5 .0 0 0 - 1 6 0 .0 0 0
* 5 0 .0 0 0 -2 5 0 .0 0 0

-

34

1 .4 5
1 .0 0
1 .0 0 -2 .0 0
1 .0 0 -2 .0 0

* 4 0 .0 0 0 - 4 2 .0 0 0

46

1 .7 4
1 .5 0
1 .0 0 - 2 .2 5
1 .0 0 -2 .5 0

17

23

18

23

* 1 1 3 .9 0 3
*75*003
* 7 5 .0 0 0 - 1 6 0 .0 0 0
* 5 0 .0 0 0 - 1 6 0 .0 0 0

* 1 1 8 .6 0 0
* 1 0 0 .0 0 0
* 5 0 ,0 0 0 - 1 0 0 .0 0 0
* 4 0 ,0 0 0 - 2 5 0 .0 0 0

<6 >
<6 )
<6 *

<6 )
<6 )
<6 >

<6 »
<6 )
<6 1

29

1 .5 5
1 .0 0
1 .0 0 -2 .0 0
1 .0 0 -3 .0 0

20

10
* 9 5 ,2 0 0
* 5 0 .0 0 0
* 4 0 .0 0 0 - 5 0 .0 0 0
* 2 2 .0 0 0 - 2 5 0 .0 0 0

TYPE

W O R K E R S 18------------------

S ee fo o tn o te s at en d o f ta b le s .




SOME

* 5 .1 0 0
* 5 .0 0 0
* 2 .0 0 0 - 5 .0 0 0
$2 * 0 0 0 - l i t 0 9 0

26

4

3

4

4

3

2

2

2

Footnotes

S o m e o f t h e s e s ta n d a r d fo o t n o t e s m a y n o t a p p ly to th is b u lle tin .

14 In c lu d e s p a y m e n ts o th e r than " le n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h as p e r c e n t a g e
o f annual e a r n in g s o r f la t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d t o an e q u iv a le n t tim e
b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d as 1 w e e k 's
p a y . P e r i o d s o f s e r v ic e a r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y and do n ot n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t
in d iv id u a l p r o v is io n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n ; f o r e x a m p le , c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t io n s
at 10 y e a r s in c lu d e ch a n g e s b e tw e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s . E s t im a t e s a r e c u m u la ­
t i v e . T h u s , th e p r o p o r t io n e lig ib le f o r at le a s t 3 w e e k s ' p a y a ft e r 10 y e a r s
in c lu d e s t h o s e e lig ib le f o r at le a s t 3 w e e k s ' p a y a ft e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
15 E s t im a t e s lis t e d a ft e r ty p e o f b e n e f it a r e f o r a ll p la n s f o r w h ich
at le a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r .
" N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y
p la n s " in c lu d e on ly th o s e fin a n c e d e n t ir e ly b y th e e m p l o y e r . E x c lu d e d a re
le g a lly r e q u ir e d p la n s , su ch as w o r k e r s ' d is a b ilit y c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e ­
c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
16 U n d u p lica te d to t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s and
a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly b e lo w . S ic k le a v e p la n s a r e lim it e d to
t h o s e w h ic h d e fin ite ly e s t a b lis h at le a s t th e m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' pay
that e a c h e m p lo y e e can e x p e c t . I n fo r m a l s ic k le a v e a llo w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d
on an in d iv id u a l b a s is a re e x c lu d e d .
17 E s tim a te s u n d er " A l l p la n s " r e la t e to a ll p la n s f o r w h ic h at le a s t
a p a rt o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y the e m p lo y e r . E s t im a t e s u n d e r " N o n c o n t r i b ­
u to ry p la n s " in clu d e o n ly th o s e fin a n c e d e n t ir e ly b y th e e m p l o y e r .
18 F o r " A ll i n d u s t r i e s , " a ll f u l l - t i m e p r o d u c t io n and r e la t e d w o r k e r s
o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s e q u a l 100 p e r c e n t .
F o r " M a n u f a c t u r i n g ," a ll f u l l - t i m e
p r o d u c t io n and re la te d w o r k e r s o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in m a n u fa c tu r in g e q u a l 100
p ercen t.
19 T h e m ea n a m ou n t is c o m p u te d b y m u lt ip ly in g the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s
p r o v id e d in s u r a n c e b y the am ou nt o f in s u r a n c e p r o v i d e d , t o t a lin g th e p r o d ­
u c t s , and d iv id in g the s u m b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s . T h e m e d ia n in d ic a t e s
that h a lf o f th e w o r k e r s a re p r o v id e d an a m o u n t e q u a l to o r s m a l l e r and h a lf
an a m ou n t e q u a l to o r l a r g e r than th e a m o u n t s h o w n . M id d le ra n g e (50 p e r ­
ce n t)— a fo u r t h of the w o r k e r s a re p r o v id e d an a m ou n t e q u a l to o r l e s s than
the s m a l l e r a m ou n t and a fo u rth a r e p r o v i d e d an a m o u n t e q u a l to o r m o r e
th an th e l a r g e r am ou nt. M id d le ra n ge (80 p e r c e n t ) — 10 p e r c e n t o f the w o r k ­
e r s a r e p r o v id e d an a m ou n t e q u a l to o r l e s s th a n th e s m a l l e r a m o u n t and 10
p e r c e n t a r e p r o v id e d an a m ou n t e q u a l to o r m o r e th a n th e l a r g e r a m o u n t.
20 A f a c t o r o f annual e a r n in g s is th e n u m b e r b y w h ic h a nn ual e a r n in g s
a r e m u lt ip lie d to d e t e r m in e th e a m ou n t o f in s u r a n c e p r o v id e d . F o r e x a m p le ,
a f a c t o r o f 2 in d ic a t e s that f o r annual e a r n in g s o f $ 1 0 ,0 0 0 th e a m o u n t o f
in s u r a n c e p r o v id e d is $ 2 0 , 000.

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e
t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e at r e g ­
u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and th e e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly
h ou rs.
2
T h e m e a n is c o m p u te d f o r e a c h jo b b y t o t a lin g the e a r n in g s o f
a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n d e s i g ­
n a te s p o s it io n — h a lf o f th e w o r k e r s r e c e i v e the s a m e o r m o r e and h a lf r e ­
c e iv e the s a m e o r l e s s th an th e ra te sh ow n . T h e m id d le ra n g e is d e fin e d
b y tw o r a te s o f p a y ; a fo u r t h o f the w o r k e r s e a r n th e s a m e o r l e s s than
the lo w e r o f t h e s e r a te s and a fo u r t h e a r n th e s a m e o r m o r e th an the
h ig h e r ra te .
3 E a r n in g s da ta r e la t e o n ly to w o r k e r s w h o s e s e x id e n t ific a t io n w as
p r o v id e d b y th e e s t a b lis h m e n t .
4 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
5
E s t im a t e s f o r p e r io d s en d in g p r i o r to 1976 r e la t e to m e n o n ly f o r
s k ille d m a in te n a n c e and u n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s .
A ll o t h e r e s t im a t e s r e ­
la te to m e n and w o m e n .
b
D a ta do n o t m e e t p u b lic a t io n c r i t e r i a o r d a ta n ot a v a ila b le .
7 F o r m a l l y e s t a b lis h e d m in im u m r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e h ir in g s a l ­
a r ie s that a r e p a id f o r s ta n d a r d w o r k w e e k s .
8
E x c lu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l jo b s s u c h as m e s s e n g e r .
9
D ata a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll s ta n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , and f o r
th e m o s t c o m m o n s ta n d a r d w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .
10 I n c lu d e s a ll p r o d u c t io n and r e la t e d w o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s
c u r r e n t ly o p e r a t in g la te s h if t s , and e s t a b lis h m e n t s w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v is io n s
c o v e r la te s h if t s , e v e n th ou g h th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s w e r e not c u r r e n t ly
o p e r a t in g la te s h ift s .
1
1 L e s s th a n 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t .
12 L e s s than 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
13 A l l c o m b in a t io n s o f fu ll and h a lf d a y s that a dd to the s a m e a m ou n t;
f o r e x a m p le , th e p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s
r e c e iv in g a t o t a l o f 10 da ys
in c lu d e s t h o s e w ith 10 f u ll d a y s and n o h a lf d a y s , 9 fu ll d a y s and 2
h a lf d a y s , 8 fu ll d a y s and 4 h a lf d a y s , and s o o n .
P r o p o r t io n s then
w e r e cu m u la te d .




22

Appendix A.
Scope and Method
of Survey
In e a c h o f th e 75 1 a r e a s c u r r e n t ly s u r v e y e d , th e B u r e a u o b ta in s
w a g e s and r e la t e d b e n e f it s d a ta f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in
s ix b r o a d in d u s t r y d iv is io n s : M a n u fa ctu rin g ; t r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n ,
and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a il t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e ,
and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s . G o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t io n s and th e c o n s t r u c t io n
and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s t r ie s a r e e x c lu d e d . E s ta b lis h m e n ts h av in g f e w e r than a
p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e a ls o e x c lu d e d b e c a u s e o f in s u ffic ie n t
e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d . A p p e n d ix ta b le 1 s h o w s th e n u m b e r
o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s and w o r k e r s e s t im a t e d to b e w ith in th e s c o p e o f th is
s u r v e y , as w e ll as th e n u m b e r a c tu a lly s tu d ie d .
B u r e a u f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t iv e s o b ta in data b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s at 3 - y e a r
i n t e r v a l s . In e a c h o f th e tw o in t e r v e n in g y e a r s , in fo r m a t io n on e m p lo y m e n t
and o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s o n ly is c o l l e c t e d b y a c o m b in a tio n o f p e r s o n a l
v i s i t , m a i l q u e s t io n n a ir e , and te le p h o n e in te r v ie w f r o m
e s t a b lis h m e n t s
p a r t ic ip a t in g in th e p r e v io u s s u r v e y .

A s a m p le o f th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s in the s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y is
s e l e c t e d f o r stu d y p r i o r t o e a c h p e r s o n a l v is it s u r v e y .
T h is s a m p le , l e s s
e s t a b lis h m e n t s w h ic h g o ou t o f b u s in e s s o r a re no lo n g e r w ith in th e in d u s t r ia l
s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y , is r e t a in e d f o r th e fo llo w in g tw o annual s u r v e y s .
In
m o s t c a s e s , e s t a b lis h m e n t s n e w to the a r e a a re not c o n s i d e r e d in th e s c o p e
o f th e s u r v e y u n til th e s e l e c t i o n o f a s a m p le f o r a p e r s o n a l v i s i t s u r v e y .
T h e s a m p lin g p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d e ta ile d s t r a t ifi c a t io n o f a ll
e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y in d u s t r y
and n u m b e r o f e m p l o y e e s .
F r o m th is s t r a t ifie d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ilit y
s a m p le is s e l e c t e d , w ith e a c h e s ta b lis h m e n t h av in g a p r e d e t e r m in e d ch a n ce
o f s e le c t io n .
T o o b ta in o p t im u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r
p r o p o r t io n o f la r g e th a n s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c t e d .
W h en da ta a r e
c o m b in e d , e a c h e s t a b lis h m e n t is w e ig h te d a c c o r d in g to its p r o b a b ilit y o f
s e le c t io n s o th a t u n b ia s e d e s t im a t e s a r e g e n e r a te d .
F o r e x a m p le , i f on e
ou t o f fo u r e s t a b lis h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d , it is g iv e n a w e ig h t o f 4 to r e p r e s e n t
i t s e l f p lu s t h r e e o t h e r s .
A n a lte r n a te o f the sa m e o r ig i n a l p r o b a b ilit y is
c h o s e n in th e s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c la s s i f i c a t i o n if data a r e n ot a v a ila b le
f r o m th e o r i g i n a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
If no s u ita b le s u b s titu te is a v a ila b le ,
a d d itio n a l w e ig h t is a s s i g n e d to a s a m p le m e m b e r th a t is s i m i l a r to the
m i s s in g unit.

O c c u p a tio n s and e a r n in g s
O c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r stu dy a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y o f m a n u fa c ­
tu r in g and n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g in d u s t r ie s , and a r e o f the fo llo w in g ty p e s : (1)
O f fic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l; (3 ) m a in te n a n c e , t o o l r o o m ,
and p o w e r p la n t ; and (4) m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d ia l.
O c c u p a tio n a l
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s ig n e d to take
a c c o u n t o f in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n in d u tie s w ith in the s a m e jo b .
O c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r stu d y a re lis t e d and d e s c r i b e d in a p p en d ix B .
U n le s s o t h e r w is e in d ic a t e d , th e e a r n in g s d a ta fo llo w in g the jo b title s
a r e f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s c o m b in e d . E a r n in g s da ta f o r s o m e o f the o c c u p a t io n s
lis t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s w ith in the s c o p e o f the
s u r v e y , a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s ta b le s b e c a u s e e it h e r (1) e m p lo y ­
m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n is t o o s m a ll to p r o v id e e n o u g h data to m e r it p r e s e n ­
ta t io n , o r (2) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t
da ta . S e p a r a t e m e n 's and w o m e n 's e a r n in g s data a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d w hen the
n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s n ot id e n t ifie d b y s e x is 20 p e r c e n t o r m o r e o f the m e n
o r w o m e n id e n t ifie d in an o c c u p a t io n .
E a r n in g s da ta n ot show n s e p a r a t e ly
f o r in d u s t r y d iv is io n s a r e in c lu d e d in data f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s co m b in e d .
L ik e w is e , f o r o c c u p a t io n s w ith m o r e than on e l e v e l , data a r e in clu d e d in
th e o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n w h en a s u b c la s s if ic a t io n is n ot sh ow n o r in fo r m a tio n
t o s u b c l a s s i f y is n ot a v a ila b le .
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s da ta a r e show n f o r f u ll- t i m e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d u le .
E a rn in g s
d a ta e x c lu d e p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s ,
and la te s h ift s .
N o n p r o d u c t io n b o n u s e s a re e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a llo w a n c e s and in c e n t iv e b o n u s e s a r e in c lu d e d .
W e e k ly h o u rs f o r o f f ic e
c l e r i c a l and p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s r e f e r to the sta n d a rd
w o r k w e e k (r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r ) f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e
r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r
a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) .
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r th e s e o c c u p a t io n s
a r e ro u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o ll a r . V e r t i c a l lin e s w ith in the d is tr ib u tio n
o f w o r k e r s on s o m e A - t a b l e s in d ic a t e a ch a n g e in th e s iz e o f the c la s s
in te r v a ls .

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a rn in g s in an a r e a
at a p a r t ic u la r t i m e . C o m p a r is o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
tim e m a y n ot r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s .
T h e a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l
jo b s a r e a ff e c t e d b y ch a n g e s in w a g e s and e m p lo y m e n t p a t te r n s . F o r e x a m p le ,
p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y h ig h - o r lo w - w a g e f ir m s m a y ch a n g e ,
o r h ig h -w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d v a n ce to b e t t e r jo b s and b e r e p la c e d b y n ew
w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a t e s .
S u ch s h ifts in e m p lo y m e n t o o u ld d e c r e a s e an
1
Included in the 75 areas are 5 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas are c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e e v e n th o u g h m o s t e s t a b lis h m e n t s in an a r e a in c r e a s e
o
Akron, Ohio; Birmingham, A la.; Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, V a.—N .C .;
w a g e s d u rin g th e y e a r . C h a n g e s in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , sh ow n in
Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N. Y . ; and Utica—Rome, N .Y. In addition, the Bureau conducts more
ta b le A - 7 , a r e b e t t e r in d ic a t o r s o f w a g e tr e n d s than a r e e a r n in g s ch a n g e s f o r
limited area studies in approximately 100 areas at the request of the Employment Standards Administration of
in d iv id u a l jo b s w ith in th e g r o u p s .
the U. S. Department of Labor.




A v e r a g e e a r n in g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w id e e s t im a t e s . I n d u s t r ie s
and e s ta b lis h m e n ts d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and jo b s t a f fin g , and th u s c o n tr ib u te
d iffe r e n t ly t o th e e s t im a t e s f o r e a c h jo b . P a y a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l t o r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e ly th e w a g e d if f e r e n t ia l a m o n g jo b s in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s .

E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g 2
C om p u ter syste m s
a n a ly s t s , c la s s e s
A , B , and C
C om p u ter p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C

A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s
sh o u ld n ot b e a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d if f e r e n c e s in p a y o f th e s e x e s w ith in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
F a c t o r s w h ic h m a y c o n tr ib u te t o d if f e r e n c e s
in c lu d e p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b lis h e d ra te r a n g e s
(o n ly th e r a t e s p a id
in cu m b e n ts a r e c o l l e c t e d ) and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c d u tie s w ith in th e
g e n e r a l s u r v e y jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s . J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u se d to c l a s s i f y e m p lo y e e s
in th e s e s u r v e y s u s u a lly a r e m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than t h o s e u s e d in in d iv id u a l
e s ta b lis h m e n ts and a llo w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s in
s p e c i f i c d u tie s p e r f o r m e d .

In d u s t r ia l n u r s e s
R e g is t e r e d in d u s t r ia l
n u rses
S k ille d m a in te n a n ce
C a r p e n te r s
E le c t r ic ia n s

O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e t o t a l in a ll e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e o f th e stu d y and n o t th e n u m b e r a c tu a lly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e s a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s d i f f e r , e s t im a t e s o f
o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d f r o m th e s a m p le o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s s tu d ie d
s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a t e th e r e la t iv e im p o r t a n c e o f th e jo b s s tu d ie d .
T h ese
d if f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e do n ot a ff e c t m a t e r ia lly th e a c c u r a c y o f
the e a r n in g s da ta .

S k ille d m a in t e n a n c e —
C o n tin u e d
P a in t e r s
M a c h in is t s
M e c h a n ic s ( m a c h in e r y )
M e c h a n ic s ( m o t o r v e h ic le )
P ip e fitt e r s
T o o l and d ie m a k e r s
U n s k ille d p la n t
J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and
c le a n e r s
M a t e r ia l h a n d lin g l a b o r e r s

P e r c e n t ch a n g e s f o r in d iv id u a l a r e a s in th e p r o g r a m a r e
a s f o llo w s :

c o m p u te d

1.

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s a r e c o m p u te d f o r e a c h o c c u p a t io n f o r
th e 2 y e a r s b e in g c o m p a r e d . T h e a v e r a g e s a r e d e r iv e d
f r o m e a r n in g s in t h o s e e s t a b lis h m e n t s w h ic h a r e in th e
s u r v e y b o th y e a r s ; it is a s s u m e d that e m p lo y m e n t
r e m a in s u n ch a n g ed .

2.

E a ch o c c u p a t io n is a s s ig n e d a w e ig h t b a s e d on its
p r o p o r t io n a t e e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p in
th e b a s e y e a r .

3.

T h e s e w e ig h ts a r e u s e d to c o m p u te g r o u p a v e r a g e s .
E a ch o c c u p a t io n 's a v e r a g e e a r n in g s (c o m p u t e d in s te p 1)
is m u lt ip lie d b y its w e ig h t.
T h e p r o d u c t s a r e t o t a le d
to ob ta in a g r o u p a v e r a g e .

4.

T h e r a tio o f g r o u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t iv e y e a r s is
c o m p u te d b y d iv id in g the a v e r a g e f o r th e c u r r e n t y e a r
b y the a v e r a g e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e r e s u lt —
e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t — l e s s 100 is th e p e r c e n t ch a n g e .

W a ge tr e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s
T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s p r e s e n t e d in t a b le A - 7 a r e b a s e d on ch a n g e s
in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f m e n and w o m e n in e s t a b lis h m e n t s r e p o r t in g
the tr e n d jo b s in b o th th e c u r r e n t and p r e v io u s y e a r (m a tc h e d e s ta b lis h m e n ts ).
T h e data a r e a d ju s te d to r e m o v e th e e f f e c t on a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f e m p l o y ­
m e n t s h ifts a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s and t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s in c lu d e d
in s u r v e y s a m p le s .
T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a r e s t i l l a ff e c t e d b y
f a c t o r s o t h e r th a n w a g e i n c r e a s e s .
H ir in g s , l a y o f f s , and t u r n o v e r m a y
a ffe c t an e s t a b lis h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an o c c u p a t io n w h en w o r k e r s a r e p a id
u n d e r pla n s p r o v id in g a ra n g e o f w a g e r a te s f o r in d iv id u a l j o b s . In p e r io d s
o f i n c r e a s e d h ir in g , f o r e x a m p le , n ew e m p lo y e e s m a y e n t e r at th e b o tt o m
o f the r a n g e , d e p r e s s in g th e a v e r a g e w ith o u t a ch a n g e in w a g e r a t e s .

F o r a m o r e d e t a ile d d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e m e t h o d u s e d to co m p u te
t h e s e w a g e t r e n d s , s e e " I m p r o v in g A r e a W a g e S u r v e y I n d e x e s , " M o n th ly
L a b o r R e v ie w , J a n u a ry 19 7 3, p p . 5 2 -5 7 .

T h e p e r c e n t ch a n g e s r e la t e to w a g e ch a n g e s b e tw e e n th e in d ic a t e d
d a te s . W h en th e t im e sp a n b e tw e e n s u r v e y s is o t h e r th an 12 m o n t h s , annual
r a te s a re s h o w n .
(It is a s s u m e d that w a g e s i n c r e a s e at a c o n s ta n t ra te
b e tw e e n s u r v e y s .)

E s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s
T h e in c id e n c e o f s e le c t e d e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y
w a g e p r o v i s i o n s is s tu d ie d f o r f u l l - t i m e p r o d u c t io n and r e la t e d w o r k e r s and
o f f i c e w o r k e r s . P r o d u c t io n and r e la t e d w o r k e r s ( r e f e r r e d t o h e r e a f t e r as
p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s ) in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y
w ork ers
(in clu d in g g r o u p le a d e r s and t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in f a b r i c a t in g ,
p r o c e s s i n g , a s s e m b lin g , in s p e c t i o n , r e c e i v i n g , s t o r a g e , h a n d lin g , p a c k ­
in g , w a r e h o u s in g , s h ip p in g , m a in t e n a n c e , r e p a i r , ja n i t o r i a l and g u a r d s e r ­
v i c e s , p r o d u c t d e v e lo p m e n t , a u x ilia r y p r o d u c t io n f o r p la n t 's o w n
u se
( e . g . , p o w e r p la n t ), and r e c o r d k e e p in g and o t h e r s e r v i c e s c l o s e l y a s s o c i ­
a te d w ith th e a b ov e p r o d u c t io n o p e r a t io n s .
( C a f e t e r ia and ro u te w o r k e r s

O cc u p a tio n s u s e d to c o m p u te w a g e tr e n d s a r e :
O f fic e c l e r i c a l

O f f i c e c l e r i c a l — C on tin u ed

S e c r e t a r ie s
S ten og rap h ers, g en era l
S t e n o g r a p h e r s , s e n io r
T y p is ts , c la s s e s
A and B
F il e c l e r k s , c l a s s e s A ,
B , and C
M essengers
S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s

O r d e r c le r k s , c la s s e s
A and B
A c c o u n t in g c l e r k s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e
o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B
P a y r o l l c le r k s
K e y e n tr y o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A and B




2

The

e a rn in g s o f

c o m p u t e r o p e ra to rs a re n o t

in c lu d e d

A r e v is e d j o b d e s c r ip t io n is b e in g in tr o d u c e d i n th is s u rv e y w h ic h

24

in

th e w a g e tr e n d c o m p u t a t io n

io r

th is

is n o t e q u iv a le n t to th e p re v io u s d e s c r ip tio n .

gro u p .

a r e e x c lu d e d in m a n u fa c t u r in g in d u s t r ie s but in clu d e d in n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
i n d u s t r ie s .)
In fin a n c e and in s u r a n c e , no w o r k e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d to b e
p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s . O f f i c e w o r k e r s in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s
(in c lu d in g le a d w o r k e r s and t r a i n e e s ) p e r f o r m in g
c l e r i c a l o r r e la t e d o f f i c e fu n c tio n s in s u ch d e p a r tm e n ts as a c c o u n t in g ,
a d v e r t is in g , p u r c h a s in g , c o l l e c t i o n , c r e d i t , fin a n c e , le g a l, p a y r o l l , p e r s o n n e l,
s a l e s , in d u s t r ia l r e l a t i o n s , p u b lic r e la t io n s , e x e c u t iv e , o r t r a n s p o r t a t io n .
A d m in is t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and p a r t -t im e e m p lo y e e s as w e ll
a s c o n s t r u c t io n w o r k e r s u t iliz e d as s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m
b o th th e p r o d u c t io n and o f f i c e w o r k e r c a t e g o r i e s .
M in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s (ta b le B - l ) . M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a la r ie s
f o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s r e la t e o n ly to the e s ta b lis h m e n ts v is it e d . B e c a u s e o f th e
o p t im u m s a m p lin g t e c h n iq u e s u s e d and the p r o b a b ilit y that l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts a re m o r e li k e l y th a n s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts to h av e f o r m a l e n tr a n c e
r a t e s a b o v e th e s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l , th e ta b le is m o r e r e p r e s e n t a t iv e o f p o l i c i e s
in m e d iu m and l a r g e e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
(T h e " X ' s " sh ow n u n d e r s ta n d a r d
w e e k ly h o u r s in d ic a t e th a t n o m e a n in g fu l t o t a ls a r e a p p lic a b le .)
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s — m a n u fa c tu r in g (ta b le B - 2 ) . D ata w e r e c o l l e c t e d
o n p o l i c i e s o f m a n u fa c t u r in g e s t a b lis h m e n t s r e g a r d in g p a y d if f e r e n t ia ls f o r
p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s on la te s h if t s .
E s ta b lis h m e n ts c o n s i d e r e d as h a v in g
p o l i c i e s a r e t h o s e w h ic h (1 ) h a v e p r o v is io n s in w r it in g c o v e r i n g th e o p e r a t io n
o f la te s h if t s , o r (2 ) h a v e o p e r a t e d la te s h ift s at any t im e d u rin g th e 12
m o n th s p r e c e d in g a s u r v e y . W h en e s t a b lis h m e n t s have s e v e r a l d if f e r e n t ia ls
w h ic h v a r y b y j o b , th e d if f e r e n t ia l a p p ly in g to the m a jo r it y o f th e p r o d u c t io n
w o r k e r s is r e c o r d e d .
W h en e s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v e d if f e r e n t ia ls w h ic h a p p ly
o n ly to c e r t a in h o u r s o f w o r k , th e d if f e r e n t ia l a p p ly in g to the m a j o r i t y o f
th e s h ift h o u r s is r e c o r d e d .
F o r p u r p o s e s o f th is s tu d y , a la te s h ift is e it h e r a s e c o n d (e v e n in g )
s h ift w h ic h e n d s at o r n e a r m id n ig h t o r a th ir d (nigh t) s h ift w h ic h s t a r t s at
o r n e a r m id n ig h t .
D if fe r e n t ia ls f o r s e c o n d and th ir d s h ifts a re s u m m a r iz e d s e p a r a t e ly
f o r (1 ) e s t a b lis h m e n t p o l i c i e s (an e s t a b lis h m e n t ’ s d if f e r e n t ia ls a r e w e ig h te d
b y a ll p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s in the e s ta b lis h m e n t at th e t im e o f th e s u r v e y )
a nd (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e s (an e s t a b lis h m e n t 's d if f e r e n t ia ls a r e w e ig h te d b y
p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d on th e s p e c if ie d sh ift at th e t im e o f th e s u r v e y ).
S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s ; p a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a t io n s ; and h e a lt h ,
i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p l a n s . P r o v is io n s w h ich a p p ly to a m a j o r it y o f th e
p r o d u c t io n o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t a re c o n s i d e r e d t o a p p ly to
a ll p r o d u c t io n o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in the e s t a b lis h m e n t; a p r a c t i c e o r p r o v i s i o n
is c o n s i d e r e d n o n e x is t e n t w h en it a p p lie s to l e s s than a m a j o r i t y .
H o lid a y s ;
v a c a t io n s ; and h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a p p lic a b le
t o e m p lo y e e s c u r r e n t ly e l i g i b l e f o r the b e n e fit s as w e ll as to e m p lo y e e s w ho
w ill e v e n t u a lly b e c o m e e l i g i b l e .
S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s and d a ys (ta b le B - 3 ) . S c h e d u le d w e e k ly
h o h r s and d a y s r e f e r t o th e n u m b e r o f h o u rs and days p e r w e e k w h ic h f u l l ­
t im e f i r s t (d a y ) s h ift w o r k e r s a r e e x p e c t e d to w o r k , w h e t h e r p a id f o r at
s tr a ig h t-tim e o r o v e r t im e r a te s .
P a id h o lid a y s (ta b le B - 4 ) . H o lid a y s a r e in c lu d e d i f w o r k e r s w h o
a r e n o t r e q u i r e d t o w o r k a r e p a id f o r the tim e o f f and t h o s e r e q u ir e d to
w o r k r e c e i v e p r e m iu m p a y o r c o m p e n s a t o r y tim e o f f .
T h e y a r e in c lu d e d
o n ly i f th e y a r e g r a n t e d a n n u a lly on a f o r m a l b a s is
(p r o v id e d f o r in




w r it te n f o r m o r e s t a b lis h e d b y c u s t o m ) . H o lid a y s a r e in c lu d e d ev e n th ou gh
in a p a r t ic u la r y e a r th e y fa ll o n a n o n w o r k d a y and e m p lo y e e s a r e n ot
g r a n te d a n o th e r day o f f .
P a id p e r s o n a l h o lid a y p la n s , ty p ic a lly foun d in
th e a u t o m o b ile and r e la t e d i n d u s t r ie s , a re in c lu d e d as p a id h o lid a y s .
D ata a r e ta b u la te d to sh o w the p e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s w ho (1) a re
g r a n te d s p e c i f i c n u m b e r s o f w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s and (2) a r e g ra n te d
s p e c ifie d
a m ou n ts o f to t a l h o lid a y t im e (w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s a re
a g g r e g a t e d ).
P a id v a c a t io n s (ta b le B - 5 ) . E s t a b lis h m e n t s r e p o r t th e ir m e th o d o f
c a lc u la t in g v a c a t io n p a y (tim e b a s i s , p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s , f la t - s u m
p a y m e n t , e t c .) and the a m ou n t o f v a c a t io n p a y g r a n te d .
O n ly b a s ic f o r m a l
p la n s a r e r e p o r t e d . V a c a tio n b o n u s e s , v a c a t io n - s a v in g s p la n s , and "e x te n d e d "
o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e fit s b e y o n d b a s i c p la n s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r ta b u la tin g v a c a t io n p a y g r a n te d , a ll p r o v is io n s a re e x p r e s s e d
on a tim e b a s i s .
V a c a tio n p a y c a lc u la t e d on o t h e r th an a tim e b a s is is
c o n v e r t e d to its e q u iv a le n t tim e p e r io d .
T w o p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s ,
f o r e x a m p le , is ta b u la te d as 1 w e e k 's v a c a t io n p a y .
A l s o , p r o v is io n s a ft e r e a c h s p e c i f i e d le n g th o f s e r v i c e a r e r e la t e d
to a ll p r o d u c t io n o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s t a b lis h m e n t r e g a r d le s s o f len gth o f
s e r v i c e . V a c a tio n p la n s c o m m o n ly p r o v id e f o r a l a r g e r am ou nt o f v a c a t io n
p a y as s e r v i c e le n g th e n s . C ou n ts o f p r o d u c t io n o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s b y len gth
o f s e r v i c e w e r e n ot o b ta in e d .
T h e ta b u la tio n s o f v a c a t io n pa y g ra n te d
p r e s e n t , t h e r e f o r e , s t a t is t ic a l m e a s u r e s o f t h e s e p r o v is io n s r a th e r than
p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s a c tu a lly r e c e iv in g s p e c i f i c b e n e f it s .
H e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s (ta b le s B - 6 and B - 7 ) . H ealth ,
in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s in c lu d e p la n s f o r w h ic h the e m p lo y e r p a y s
e it h e r a ll o r p a r t o f th e c o s t .
T h e c o s t m a y b e (1) u n d e r w r itte n by a
c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n y o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a t io n , (2) c o v e r e d b y a
u n ion fun d to w h ic h th e e m p lo y e r has c o n t r ib u t e d , o r (3) b o r n e d ir e c t ly b y
th e e m p lo y e r ou t o f o p e r a t in g fu n ds o r a fu n d s e t a s id e to c o v e r the c o s t .
A p la n is in c lu d e d e v e n th ou g h a m a j o r i t y o f th e e m p lo y e e s in an e s t a b lis h ­
m e n t do n o t c h o o s e to p a r t ic ip a t e in it b e c a u s e th e y a r e r e q u ir e d to b e a r
p a r t o f its c o s t (p r o v id e d th e c h o ic e to p a r t ic ip a t e is a v a ila b le o r w ill
e v e n tu a lly b e c o m e a v a ila b le to a m a j o r i t y ) . L e g a lly r e q u ir e d p la n s su ch as
s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , r a ilr o a d r e t ir e m e n t , w o r k e r s ' d is a b ilit y c o m p e n s a t io n , and
t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e 3 a r e e x c lu d e d .
3
Temporary disability insurance which provides benefits to covered workers disabled by injury or illness
which is not work-connected is mandatory under State laws in California, New Jersey, New York, and Rhode
Island. Establishment plans which meet only the legal requirements are excluded from these data, but those
under which (1) employers contribute more than is legally required or (2) benefits exceed those specified in the
State law are included. In Rhode Island, benefits are paid out of a State fund to which only employees
contribute. In each of the other three States, benefits are paid either from a State fund or through a private plan.
State fund financing: In California, only employees contribute to the State fund; in New Jersey,
employees and employers contribute; in New York, employees contribute up to a specified maximum
and employers pay the difference between the employees' share and the total contribution required.
Private plan financing: In California arid New Jersey, employees cannot be required to contribute
more than they would if they were covered by the State fund; in New York, employees can agree
to contribute more if the State rules that the additional contribution is commensurate with the
benefit provided.
Federal legislation ( Railroad Unemployment Insurance Act) provides temporary disability insurance benefits
to railroad workers for illness or injury, whether work-connected or not. The legislation requires that employers
bear the entire cost of the insurance.

L if e in s u r a n c e in c lu d e s f o r m a l p la n s p r o v id in g in d e m n ity (u s u a lly
th ro u g h an in s u r a n c e p o l i c y ) in c a s e o f d e a th o f th e c o v e r e d w o r k e r .
In fo r m a tio n is a ls o p r o v id e d in ta b le B - 7 o n ty p e s o f lif e in s u r a n c e p la n s
and the a m ou n t o f c o v e r a g e iij a ll in d u s t r ie s c o m b in e d and in m a n u fa c tu r in g .
A c c id e n t a l d e a th and d is m e m b e r m e n t in s u r a n c e is lim it e d t o p la n s
w h ic h p r o v id e b e n e fit p a y m e n ts in c a s e o f d ea th o r l o s s o f lim b o r s ig h t as a
d ir e c t r e s u lt o f an a c c id e n t .

L a b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t c o v e r a g e
T h e fo llo w in g ta b u la tio n s h o w s th e p e r c e n t o f f u l l - t i m e p r o d u c t io n
and o f f i c e w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d in e s t a b lis h m e n t s in th e P a t e r s o n —C lifto n —
P a s s a i c a r e a in w h ich a u n ion c o n t r a c t o r c o n t r a c t s c o v e r e d a m a j o r i t y o f
th e w o r k e r s in the r e s p e c t iv e c a t e g o r i e s , Jun e 1978:
P r o d u c t io n and
r e la t e d w o r k e r s

S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e in c lu d e s o n ly t h o s e p la n s w h ic h
p r o v id e that p r e d e t e r m in e d c a s h p a y m e n ts b e m a d e d i r e c t l y to e m p lo y e e s
w h o lo s e tim e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f i l l n e s s o r in ju r y , e . g . , $ 50 a w e e k
f o r up to 26 w e e k s o f d is a b ilit y .
S ic k le a v e p la n s a r e lim it e d to f o r m a l p l a n s 4 w h ic h p r o v id e f o r
con tin u in g an e m p l o y e e 's p a y d u rin g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f i l l n e s s .
D ata c o l l e c t e d d is t in g u is h b e tw e e n (1) p la n s w h ic h p r o v id e fu ll p a y w ith no
w a itin g p e r i o d , and (2) p la n s w h ic h e it h e r p r o v id e p a r t ia l p a y o r r e q u ir e a
w a itin g p e r io d .
L o n g - t e r m d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e p la n s p r o v id e p a y m e n ts to t o t a lly
d is a b le d e m p lo y e e s u pon th e e x p ir a t io n o f t h e ir p a id s ic k le a v e a n d / o r s i c k ­
n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e , o r a ft e r a p r e d e t e r m in e d p e r io d o f d is a b ilit y
(t y p ic a lly 6 m o n th s ). P a y m e n t s a r e m a d e u n til th e en d o f th e d is a b ilit y , a
m a x im u m a g e , o r e l i g i b i l i t y f o r r e t ir e m e n t b e n e f i t s .
F u ll o r p a r t ia l p a y ­
m e n ts a r e a lm o s t a lw a y s r e d u c e d b y s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , w o r k e r s ' d is a b ilit y
c o m p e n s a t io n , and p r iv a t e p e n s io n b e n e fit s p a y a b le to th e d is a b le d e m p lo y e e .
H o s p it a liz a t io n , s u r g i c a l , and m e d i c a l in s u r a n c e p la n s r e p o r t e d
in th e s e s u r v e y s p r o v id e fu ll o r p a r t ia l p a y m e n t f o r b a s i c s e r v i c e s r e n d e r e d .
H o s p ita liz a tio n in s u r a n c e c o v e r s h o s p ita l r o o m and b o a r d and m a y c o v e r
o th e r h o s p it a l e x p e n s e s . S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e c o v e r s s u r g e o n s ' f e e s . M e d ic a l
in s u r a n c e c o v e r s d o c t o r s ' f e e s f o r h o m e , o f f i c e , o r h o s p it a l c a l l s .
P la n s
r e s t r i c t e d to p o s t - o p e r a t i v e m e d ic a l c a r e o r a d o c t o r 's c a r e f o r m in o r
a ilm e n ts at a w o r k e r 's p la c e o f e m p lo y m e n t a r e n ot c o n s i d e r e d to b e
m e d ic a l in s u r a n c e .
M a jo r m e d i c a l in s u r a n c e c o v e r a g e a p p lie s to s e r v i c e s w h ic h go
b e y o n d th e b a s i c s e r v i c e s c o v e r e d u n d e r h o s p it a liz a t io n , s u r g i c a l , and
m e d ic a l in s u r a n c e .
M a jo r m e d i c a l in s u r a n c e t y p i c a l l y (1) r e q u ir e s th a t a
" d e d u c t ib le " ( e . g . , $ 5 0 ) b e m e t b e f o r e b e n e fit s b e g in , (2) h as a c o in s u r a n c e
fe a tu r e that r e q u ir e s the in s u r e d to p a y a p o r t io n ( e . g . , 20 p e r c e n t ) o f
c e r t a in e x p e n s e s , and (3) h as a s p e c i f i e d d o ll a r m a x im u m o f b e n e fit s ( e . g . ,
$ 10, 000 a y e a r ) .

A ll in d u s t r ie s ___ __________
M a n u fa c tu r in g ______ _.
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s _____

6
2
10
73

79
82
73
99

A n e s ta b lis h m e n t is c o n s i d e r e d t o h a v e a c o n t r a c t c o v e r i n g a ll
p r o d u c t io n o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f a m a j o r i t y o f s u c h w o r k e r s is c o v e r e d b y a
la b o r - m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t .
T h e r e f o r e , a ll o t h e r p r o d u c t io n o r o f f i c e
w o r k e r s a r e e m p lo y e d in e s t a b lis h m e n t s th at e it h e r do n o t h a v e l a b o r m a n a g e m e n t c o n t r a c t s in e f f e c t , o r h a v e c o n t r a c t s th a t a p p ly t o f e w e r than
h a lf o f t h e i r p r o d u c tio n o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
E s t im a t e s a r e n o t n e c e s s a r i l y
r e p r e s e n t a t iv e o f the e x ten t to w h ic h a ll w o r k e r s in th e a r e a m a y b e
c o v e r e d b y th e p r o v is io n s o f la b o r - m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t s , b e c a u s e s m a ll
e s t a b lis h m e n t s a re e x c lu d e d and th e in d u s t r ia l s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y is lim it e d .

In d u s tr ia l c o m p o s it io n in m a n u fa c tu r in g
A b ou t t h r e e - fif t h s o f the w o r k e r s w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in
th e P a t e r s o n —C lifto n —P a s s a i c a r e a w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u fa c tu r in g f i r m s .
T h e fo llo w in g p r e s e n t s th e m a j o r in d u s t r y g r o u p s and s p e c i f i c in d u s t r ie s as a
p e r c e n t o f a ll m a n u fa ctu rin g :
S p e c i f i c in d u s t r ie s

In d u s try g ro u p s

D e n ta l in s u r a n c e p la n s p r o v id e n o r m a l d e n ta l s e r v i c e b e n e f it s ,
u s u a lly f o r f i l l i n g s , e x t r a c t io n s , and X - r a y s . P la n s w h ic h p r o v id e b e n e fit s
o n ly f o r o r a l s u r g e r y o r r e p a ir in g a c c id e n t d a m a g e a r e n ot r e p o r t e d .
R e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n p la n s p r o v id e f o r r e g u la r p a y m e n ts to the
r e t ir e e f o r l i f e .
In c lu d e d a r e d e f e r r e d p r o f i t - s h a r i n g p la n s w h ic h p r o v id e
th e o p tio n o f p u r c h a s in g a lif e t im e a n n u ity.
4
An establishment is considered as having a formal plan if it specifies at least the minimum number
of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be written, but informal sick leave
allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.




O f fic e w o r k e r s

C h e m ic a ls and a llie d
p r o d u c t s _______
E l e c t r i c and e l e c t r o n i c
e q u ip m e n t_____________________
A p p a r e l and o th e r t e x t ile
p r o d u c t s _______________________
T e x t ile m i l l p r o d u c t s __ ___
In s t r u m e n t s and r e la t e d
p r o d u c t s _______________________
M a c h in e r y , e x c e p t
e l e c t r i c a l __ ___________________
P a p e r and a llie d p r o d u c t s . . . ..
R u b b e r and m i s c e lla n e o u s
p l a s t ic s p r o d u c t s _______
P r in t in g and p u b lis h in g _______
F a b r ic a t e d m e ta l p r o d u c t s ___

17
13
11
10
9

I n d u s t r ia l o r g a n ic
c h e m i c a l s ______ __
_
E n g in e e r in g and s c i e n t i f i c
i n s t r u m e n t s ____ ________ _____
T e x t ile fin is h in g , «
e x c e p t w o o l ______ _____
W o m e n 's and m i s s e s '
o u t e r w e a r ______________________
M is c e lla n e o u s p l a s t ic s
p r o d u c t s ________________________

8
7
6
5
5

7
6
6
5
5

T h is in fo r m a tio n is b a s e d on e s t im a t e s o f t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d
f r o m u n iv e r s e m a t e r ia ls c o m p ile d b e f o r e a c tu a l s u r v e y .- P r o p o r t i o n s in
v a r io u s in d u s t r y d iv is io n s m a y d if f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d on th e r e s u lt s
o f th e s u r v e y as show n in a p p en d ix ta b le 1.

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
in Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N .J.,1June 1978
N um ber o f es ta b lis h m e n ts

In d u stry d iv is io n 2

M inim um
em ploym en t
in e s ta b lis h ­
m ents in sco p e
of study

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m en ts
W ithin s c o p e o f study

W ithin s c o p e
o f s tudy 3

Studied
T o t a l4
N um ber

A LL

D IV IS IO N S

50

F u ll-t im e
o f fic e w o rk e rs

T o t a l4

~
50
50
50
50
50

141

8 3 .9 5 9

100

4 4 ,1 7 1

1 4 .6 2 3

4 6 .0 1 6

284
192

74
67

5 0 .6 2 5
3 3 .3 3 4

60
40

3 1 .4 7 9
1 2 .6 9 2

6 .9 7 9
7 .6 4 4

2 4 .5 6 4
2 1 .4 5 2

12
7
25
11
12

4*659
3 .7 7 6
1 3 .5 9 0
6 .2 5 0
5 .0 5 9

6
4

937
(
f 6|

4 ,0 2 4
781
9 .2 6 5
5 ,0 6 9
2 .3 1 3

18
44
75
20
35

1 T he P a te r s o n —C l i ft o n - P a s s a ic Standard M e tro p o lita n S tatistical A r e a , as defin ed b y the O ffic e
o f M an agem en t and B udget th ro u g h F e b ru a r y 1974, c o n s is t s o f P a s s a ic County. Th e " w o r k e r s
w ith in s c o p e o f stu d y " e s t im a t e s show n in this table p r o v id e a re a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip tio n o f
the s i z e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e included in the su rve y. E s tim a te s a r e not in ten ded,
h o w e v e r , f o r c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r em ploym en t in dexes to m e a s u re em ploym en t tre n d s o r le v e ls
s in c e (1) planning o f w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s esta b lish m en t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in advance
o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d s tu d ie d , and (2) sm a ll esta b lish m en ts a r e exclu d ed fr o m the s c o p e o f the
su rvey.
2 Th e 1972 ed ition o f the Standard In du strial C la s s ific a tio n M anual w as u se d to c la s s if y
e s ta b lis h m e n ts b y in d u s try d iv is io n . H o w e v e r, a ll g o vern m en t o p e ra tio n s a r e ex clu d e d fr o m the
s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .




P ercen t

F u ll-t im e
p ro d u c tio n and
re la te d w o r k e r s

47 6

-----------------------------------------------------

M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------------------------------------T R A N S P O R T A T IO N * C O M M U N I C A T I O N . AND
O TH ER P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 5 ----------------------------------W H O L E S A LE T R A D E
--------------------------------------------------R E T A I L TRADE
-------------------------------------------------------------------F I N A N C E . I N S U R A N C E . AND R E A L E S T A T E
S E R V I C E S 7 ----------------------------------------------------------------

Studied

16
7
6

2 .7 6 0
<M
I 6»
( 6>
( M

( 6>
(it

3 Inclu des a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l em p loym en t at o r a b ov e the m in im u m lim ita tion . A ll
o u tle ts (w ithin the a re a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in in d u s tr ie s such as t r a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e ,
and m o tio n p ic tu r e th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as on e e sta b lish m en t.
4 In clu d es e x e c u t iv e , p r o f e s s io n a l, p a r t - t i m e , and oth er w o r k e r s e x clu d e d fr o m the sep a ra te
p r o d u c tio n and o f f i c e c a t e g o r ie s .
5 A b b r e v ia te d to "p u b lic u t ilit ie s " in the A - and B - s e r i e s ta b le s .
T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s
in cid e n ta l to w a te r tr a n s p o r ta tio n a r e ex clu d ed .
6 S ep a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n o f data is not m ade f o r th is d iv is io n .
7 H o te ls and m o t e ls ; la u n d rie s and o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u tom obile
r e p a ir , r e n ta l, and p a rk in g ; m o tio n p ic t u r e s ; n on p rofit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s (exclu d in g re lig io u s
and ch a r ita b le o r g a n iz a tio n s ); and en gin e erin g and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .

27

Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
T h e p r im a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e
B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s is to a s s i s t it s f i e l d s t a f f in c la s s i f y i n g in to
a p p r o p r ia t e o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r ie t y o f
p a y r o ll t i t le s and d iffe r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b lis h m e n t to
e s t a b lis h m e n t and f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m it s th e g ro u p in g o f
o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a te s r e p r e s e n t in g c o m p a r a b le jo b c o n te n t.
B eca u se
o f th is e m p h a s is o n in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t and in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ilit y
o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n te n t, th e B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d if f e r s i g ­
n ific a n t ly f r o m t h o s e in u s e in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s o r th o s e p r e ­
p a re d fo r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , the
B u r e a u 's f ie ld e c o n o m is t s a r e in s t r u c t e d to e x c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r ­
v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t ic e s ; and p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t io n a r y w o r k e r s .
H a n d ic a p p e d w o r k e r s w h o s e e a r n in g s a r e r e d u c e d b e c a u s e o f t h e ir
h a n d ic a p a r e a ls o e x c lu d e d . L e a r n e r s , b e g in n e r s , and t r a i n e e s , u n le s s
s p e c i f i c a l l y in c lu d e d in th e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n , a r e e x c lu d e d .

Office
S E C R E T A R Y — C on tin u ed

SECRETARY

E x c l u s io n s — C on tin u ed

A s s ig n e d a s a p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to o n e in d iv id u a l.
M a in ta in s a c l o s e and h ig h ly r e s p o n s iv e r e la t io n s h ip to th e d a y - t o - d a y a c t i v ­
it ie s o f th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o r k s f a i r l y in d e p e n d e n tly r e c e i v i n g a m in im u m o f
d e t a ile d s u p e r v is io n and g u id a n c e . P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l
d u tie s r e q u ir in g a k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e ro u tin e and u n d e r s ta n d in g o f the
o r g a n iz a t io n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e la t e d to th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .

a.
b.




S t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v in g as o f f i c e a s s is t a n t s
f e s s io n a l, t e c h n ic a l, o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ;

d.

N ot a ll p o s it io n s th at a r e t it le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the a b o v e
c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p le s o f p o s it io n s w h ic h a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e d e fin itio n
a re as fo llo w s :

S t e n o g r a p h e r s n ot fu lly t r a in e d in s e c r e t a r i a l - t y p e d u tie s ;

c.

E x c lu s io n s

P o s it io n s w h ich do n ot
d e s c r ib e d a bove;

m e e t th e

"p e r s o n a l"

A s s is t a n t - t y p e p o s it io n s w h ic h e n ta il m o r e d if f ic u l t o r m o r e r e ­
s p o n s ib le t e c h n ic a l, a d m in is t r a t iv e , o r s u p e r v i s o r y d u tie s w h ic h
a r e not ty p ic a l’ o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k , e . g . , A d m in is t r a t iv e A s s i s t ­
ant, o r E x e c u tiv e A s s is t a n t ;

L is t e d b e lo w a r e s e v e r a l o c c u p a t io n s f o r w h ic h r e v is e d d e s c r ip t io n s o r t it le s a r e b e in g in t r o d u c e d
in th is s u r v e y :
G u a rd
S h ip p e r and r e c e i v e r
(p r e v io u s ly s u r v e y e d
as sh ip p in g and
r e c e iv in g c l e r k )
T r u c k d r iv e r

O r d e r c le r k
P a y r o l l c le r k
S ecreta ry
K e y e n tr y o p e r a t o r
T r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e ty p is t
C om p u ter o p e r a to r

T h e B u r e a u h as d is c o n t in u e d c o lle c t in g da ta f o r ta b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r .
c l a s s i f i e d as w a tc h m e n a r e n o w c l a s s i f i e d as g u a rd s u n d e r the r e v i s e d d e s c r ip t io n .

28

W o rk e r s p r e v io u s ly

secreta ry

to a g r o u p

con cep t

of p ro­

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d

S E C R E T A R Y — C on tin u ed

E x c l u s io n s — C o n tin u e d

C la s s ific a t io n b y L e v e l— C on tin u e d

e.

P o s it io n s w h ic h do n ot fit any o f the s itu a tio n s l i s t e d in the
s e c t i o n s b e lo w t i t le d ''L e v e l o f S u p e r v i s o r , " e . g . , s e c r e t a r y to the
p r e s id e n t o f a c o m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ;

f.

T r a in e e s .

C la s s ific a tio n b y L e v e l

e.

LS—
4

S e c r e t a r y jo b s w h ic h m e e t th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s a r e m a t c h e d at
o n e o f f iv e l e v e l s a c c o r d i n g t o (a) th e l e v e l o f th e s e c r e t a r y 's s u p e r v i s o r
w ith in th e c o m p a n y 's o r g a n iz a t io n a l s tr u c t u r e and, (b) th e l e v e l o f th e
s e c r e t a r y 's r e s p o n s i b i l i t y . T h e c h a rt fo llo w in g the e x p la n a tio n s o f t h e s e tw o
f a c t o r s in d ic a t e s th e l e v e l o f th e s e c r e t a r y f o r e a c h c o m b in a tio n o f the
fa c to r s .

a. S e c r e t a r y t o th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a c o m p a n y
th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
b.

S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r th an th e c h a ir m a n o f
th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t ) o f a co m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s , in a ll,
o v e r 5, 000 but f e w e r than 25, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

c.

S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r
l e v e l , o f a m a j o r s e g m e n t o r s u b s id ia r y o f a c o m p a n y that
e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 , 000 p e r s o n s .

L e v e l o f S e c r e t a r y 's S u p e r v i s o r (L S)
S e c r e t a r i e s s h o u ld b e m a t c h e d at on e o f th e fo u r LS l e v e l s d e s c r i b e d
b e lo w a c c o r d in g to th e l e v e l o f th e s e c r e t a r y 's s u p e r v is o r w ith in th e c o m p a n y
o r g a n iz a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e .
LS—1

S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h ea d o f a s m a ll
unit ( e . g . , f e w e r th a n about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r

b.

LS —2

a.

o r g a n iz a t io n a l

S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s ta ff s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l
e m p l o y e e , a d m in is t r a t iv e o f f i c e r o r a s s is t a n t , s k ille d t e c h n ic ia n
o r e x p e rt.
(N O T E :
M a n y c o m p a n ie s a s s ig n s t e n o g r a p h e r s ,
r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s as d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to th is l e v e l o f
s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)

a.

S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u t iv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n ­
s ib ilit y is n o t e q u iv a le n t to on e o f th e s p e c i f i c le v e l s itu a tio n s in
th e d e fin it io n f o r LS— , but w h o s e o r g a n iz a t io n a l unit n o r m a lly
3
n u m b e r s at le a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p lo y e e s and is u s u a lly d iv id e d
in to o r g a n iz a t i o n a l s e g m e n ts w h ich a r e o f t e n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r
s u b d iv id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , th is le v e l in c lu d e s a w id e ra n g e
o f o r g a n iz a t i o n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , on ly on e o r tw o ; o r

b.

LS—3

S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . , (o r
o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r
th a n 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

a.

S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a c o m p a n y
th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , fe w e r th an 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.

S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r th an c h a ir m a n o f th e
b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y th at e m p lo y s , in a l l , o v e r 100
but f e w e r th an 5 , 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

c.

S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d (im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w th e o f f i c e r le v e l) o v e r
e it h e r a m a j o r c o r p o r a t e w id e fu n c tio n a l a c tiv ity ( e . g . , m a r k e t in g ,
r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , in d u s t r ia l r e la t io n s , e t c .) o r a m a j o r
g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r ­
t e r s ; a m a j o r d iv is io n ) o f a c o m p a n y th at e m p lo y s , in a ll,
o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 b u t f e w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p lo y e e s ; o r
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h ea d o f
( o r o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l
o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

d.




S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a la r g e and im p o r t a n t o r g a n iz a tio n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v is o r o f an o r g a n i­
z a t io n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g as m a n y as s e v e r a l h u n d re d
p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r " u s e d in the a b o v e LS d e f ­
in itio n r e f e r s to t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w h o h a v e a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a t e w id e p o l i c y ­
m a k in g r o l e w ith r e g a r d to m a j o r c o m p a n y a c t i v it ie s .
T h e title " v i c e
p r e s i d e n t , " th ou g h n o r m a lly in d ic a t iv e o f th is r o l e , d o e s n ot in a ll c a s e s
id e n tify s u c h p o s it io n s . V i c e p r e s id e n t s w h o s e p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y is to
a ct p e r s o n a lly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t io n s ( e . g . , a p p ro v e o r den y
in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ; a d m in is t e r in d iv id u a l tr u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i ­
r e c t ly s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l s ta ff) a r e n ot c o n s i d e r e d to b e " c o r p o r a t e
o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e d e fin itio n .
L e v e l o f S e c r e t a r y 's R e s p o n s ib ilit y (L R )
T h is f a c t o r e v a lu a te s th e n a tu r e o f th e w o r k r e la t io n s h ip b e tw e e n
th e s e c r e t a r y and th e s u p e r v i s o r , and th e e x te n t to w h ic h the s e c r e t a r y is
e x p e c t e d to e x e r c i s e in it ia t iv e and ju d g m e n t. S e c r e t a r i e s sh o u ld b e m a t c h e d
at L R —1 o r L R —2 d e s c r i b e d b e lo w a c c o r d in g to t h e ir l e v e l o f r e s p o n s ib ilit y .
L e v e l o f R e s p o n s ib ilit y 1 (L R —1)
P e r f o r m s v a r ie d s e c r e t a r i a l d u tie s in c lu d in g o r c o m p a r a b le to m o s t
o f th e fo llo w in g :
a.

A n s w e r s t e le p h o n e s ,
c o m in g m a il .

b.

A n s w e r s te le p h o n e r e q u e s t s w h ic h h a v e s ta n d a rd a n s w e r s .
r e p ly to r e q u e s t s b y s e n d in g a f o r m le t t e r .

c.

R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y
o t h e r s f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s ig n a t u r e to e n s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and
t y p o g r a p h ic a l a c c u r a c y .

d.

M a in ta in s s u p e r v i s o r 's
in s t r u c t e d .

e.

T y p e s , ta k e s and t r a n s c r i b e s d ic t a t io n , and f i l e s .

an in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ,
o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p lo y s , in a ll,

greets

person al

c a le n d a r

and

c a lle r s ,

m akes

and

opens

in ­

M ay

a p p o in tm e n ts

as

S E C R E T A R Y — -C on tin u ed

S T E N O G R A P H E R — C on tin u ed

L e v e l o f R e s p o n s ib ilit y 2 (L R —2)

S t e n o g r a p h e r , S e n io r

P e r f o r m s d u tie s d e s c r i b e d u n d e r L R —1 a n d , in a d d itio n p e r f o r m s
ta s k s r e q u ir in g g r e a t e r ju d g m e n t , in it ia t iv e , and k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e fu n c tio n s
in clu d in g o r c o m p a r a b le t o m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g :
a.

S c r e e n s t e le p h o n e and p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , d e t e r m in in g w h ic h ca n
b e h a n d le d b y th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s u b o r d in a t e s o r o t h e r o f f i c e s .

b.

A n s w e r s r e q u e s t s w h ic h r e q u ir e a d e t a ile d k n o w le d g e o f o f ­
f i c e p r o c e d u r e s o r c o l l e c t i o n o f in fo r m a t io n f r o m f i l e s o r
o th er o ffic e s .
M a y s ig n r o u tin e c o r r e s p o n d e n c e in ow n o r
s u p e r v i s o r 's n a m e .

c.

C o m p ile s o r a s s i s t s in c o m p ilin g p e r i o d i c
o f g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t io n s .

d.

S c h e d u le s te n ta t iv e a p p o in tm e n ts w ith o u t p r i o r c le a r a n c e .
A s­
s e m b le s n e c e s s a r y b a c k g r o u n d m a t e r i a l f o r s c h e d u le d m e e t in g s .
M a k e s a r r a n g e m e n t s f o r m e e t in g s and c o n f e r e n c e s .

e.

E x p la in s s u p e r v i s o r 's r e q u ir e m e n t s t o o t h e r e m p lo y e e s in s u p e r ­
v i s o r 's u nit. ( A ls o t y p e s , ta k e s d ic t a t io n , and f i l e s . )

D icta tio n in v o lv e s a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y
s u c h as in le g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h . M a y a ls o s e t up
and m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .

r e p o r t s on th e b a s is

T h e fo llo w in g ta b u la tio n s h o w s th e l e v e l o f th e s e c r e t a r y f o r e a c h
LS and L R c o m b in a tio n :

L e v e l o f s e c r e t a r y 's
______ s u p e r v i s o r ______

P e r f o r m s s te n o g r a p h ic d u tie s r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n t ly g r e a t e r i n ­
d e p e n d e n c e and r e s p o n s ib ilit y than s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l, as e v id e n c e d b y
the fo llo w in g :
W o r k r e q u ir e s a h ig h d e g r e e o f s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d and
a c c u r a c y ; a th o r o u g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s and o f f i c e p r o ­
c e d u r e ; and o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s in e s s o p e r a t io n s , o r g a n iz a t i o n , p o l i c i e s ,
p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s , w o r k f lo w , e t c . U s e s th is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m in g s t e n o ­
g r a p h ic d u tie s and r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l t a s k s s u c h a s m a in ta in in g f o l l o w ­
up f i l e s ; a s s e m b lin g m a t e r ia l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d a , and l e t t e r s ; c o m ­
p o s in g s im p le le t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l in s t r u c t io n s ; r e a d in g and r o u tin g in c o m in g
m a il ; and a n s w e r in g ro u tin e q u e s t io n s , e t c .

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E T Y P IS T
P r i m a r y duty is to ty p e c o p y o f v o i c e r e c o r d e d d ic t a t io n w h ic h d o e s
n o t in v o lv e v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y s u c h as th at u s e d in
le g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n t if ic r e s e a r c h . M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w r it te n
c o p y . M a y m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e la t iv e ly
r o u tin e c l e r i c a l ta s k s .
(S ee S t e n o g r a p h e r d e fin itio n f o r w o r k e r s in v o lv e d
w ith s h o rth a n d d ic ta tio n .)

L e v e l o f s e c r e t a r y 's r e s p o n s ib ilit y
T Y P IS T
L R —1

LS—1.
LS—2 .
LS—3 .
LS—
4.

OR

C la s s
C la s s
C la s s
C la s s

E
D
C
B

L R —2
C la s s
C la s s
C la s s
C la s s

D
C
B
A

STEN OGRAPH ER
P r i m a r y du ty is t o ta k e d ic ta tio n u s in g s h o r t h a n d , and to t r a n s c r i b e
th e d ic t a t io n .
M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n
cop y.
M ay op era te fr o m a
s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l .
M a y o c c a s i o n a l l y t r a n s c r i b e f r o m v o i c e r e c o r d in g s (if
p r im a r y du ty is t r a n s c r ib in g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s , s e e T r a n s c r ib in g - M a c h in e
T y p is t ).
N O T E : T h is jo b is d is t in g u is h e d f r o m th a t o f a s e c r e t a r y in th at a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a lly w o r k s in a c o n fid e n t ia l r e la t io n s h ip w ith o n ly o n e m a n a g e r
o r e x e c u t iv e a nd p e r f o r m s m o r e r e s p o n s ib le and d i s c r e t i o n a r y ta s k s as
d e s c r i b e d in th e s e c r e t a r y jo b d e fin it io n .

U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls o r to m a k e
ou t b i l l s a ft e r c a lc u la tio n s h av e b e e n m a d e b y a n o t h e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e
ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e r ia ls f o r u s e in d u p lic a tin g
processes.
M ay do c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g lit t le s p e c i a l t r a in in g , s u ch
as k e e p in g s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g and
d is t r ib u t in g in c o m in g m a il.
C la s s A . P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g : T y p in g m a t e r ia l
in fin a l f o r m w hen it in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s ib ilit y fo r c o r r e c t s p e llin g , s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c tu a tio n , e t c . , o f t e c h ­
n i c a l o r u n u su a l w o r d s o r fo r e ig n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ; o r p la n n in g la y o u t
and ty p in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t is t ic a l t a b le s to m a in ta in u n if o r m it y and
b a la n c e in s p a c in g .
M a y ty p e ro u tin e f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y in g d e t a ils to s u it
c ir c u m s t a n c e s .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g : C o p y ty p in g f r o m
r o u g h o r c l e a r d r a ft s ; o r ro u tin e ty p in g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ;
o r s e tt in g up s im p le s ta n d a rd ta b u la t io n s ; o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x t a b le s
a lr e a d y s e t up and s p a c e d p r o p e r ly .
F IL E C L E R K

S ten og ra p h er, G en eral

keep

D ic t a t io n in v o lv e s a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y . M a y m a in ta in f i l e s ,
s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y ro u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .




F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r i a l in an e s t a b lis h e d f ilin g
s y s t e m . M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l ta s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in f i l e s .
P o s it io n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to le v e ls o n th e b a s i s o f th e fo llo w in g d e f in it io n s .

F I L E C L E R K — C o n tin u e d

O R D E R C L E R K — C o n tin u e d

C la s s A . C l a s s i f i e s and in d e x e s f ile m a t e r ia l s u c h as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n t s , e t c . , in an e s t a b lis h e d f ilin g s y s t e m
co n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d s u b je c t m a t t e r f i l e s .
M a y a ls o f i l e th is
m a t e r ia l. M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p e s in c o n ju n c t io n w ith the f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a ll g r o u p o f l o w e r le v e l f ile c l e r k s .

a d e q u a c y o f in fo r m a t io n r e c o r d e d ; a s c e r t a in in g c r e d it ra tin g o f c u s t o m e r ;
fu r n is h in g c u s t o m e r w ith a c k n o w le d g e m e n t o f r e c e ip t o f o r d e r ; fo llo w in g -u p
to s e e that o r d e r is d e li v e r e d b y th e s p e c i f i e d date o r to le t c u s t o m e r know
o f a d e la y in d e li v e r y ; m a in ta in in g o r d e r f i l e ; c h e c k in g sh ip p in g in v o ic e
a g a in s t o r i g i n a l o r d e r .

C la s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l b y s im p le
( s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d in g s o r p a r t ly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r ia l b y f in e r s u b h e a d in g s .
P r e p a r e s s im p le r e la t e d in d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s .
As req u ested ,
lo c a t e s c l e a r l y i d e n t i fie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r ia l. M a y p e r ­
f o r m r e la t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

E x c lu d e w o r k e r s p a id on a c o m m i s s i o n b a s is o r w h o s e d u ties in clu d e
any o f th e f o llo w in g : R e c e iv in g o r d e r s f o r s e r v i c e s r a th e r than f o r m a t e r ia l
o r m e r c h a n d is e ; p r o v id in g c u s t o m e r s w ith c o n s u lt a t iv e a d v ic e u sin g k n o w l­
e d g e g a in e d f r o m e n g in e e r in g o r e x t e n s iv e t e c h n ic a l tr a in in g ; e m p h a s iz in g
s e llin g s k i l l s ; h a n d lin g m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e as an in t e g r a l p a rt o f th e jo b .

C la s s C . P e r f o r m s ro u tin e f ilin g o f m a t e r ia l that h as a lr e a d y b e e n
c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ic h is e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s im p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
sy ste m
( e . g . , a lp h a b e t ic a l, c h r o n o l o g i c a l , o r n u m e r ic a l) .
As
req u ested ,
lo c a t e s r e a d il y a v a ila b le m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r ia l; and m a y
f i l l ou t w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e . M a y p e r f o r m s im p le c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l ta s k s
r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

P o s it io n s
d e fin it io n s :

a re

c la s s ifie d

in to

l e v e ls

a c c o r d in g

to

the

fo llo w in g

C la s s A .
H a n d les o r d e r s th a t in v o lv e m a k in g ju d g m e n ts s u ch as
c h o o s in g w h ic h s p e c i f i c p r o d u c t o r m a t e r ia l f r o m th e e s t a b lis h m e n t 's p r o d u c t
lin e s w ill s a t is f y the c u s t o m e r 's n e e d s , o r d e t e r m in in g the p r i c e to be q u o te d
w h en p r ic in g in v o lv e s m o r e than m e r e l y r e f e r r i n g to a p r i c e lis t o r m a k in g
s o m e s im p le m a t h e m a t ic a l c a lc u la t io n s .

M ESSEN GER

C la s s B . H a n d le s o r d e r s in v o lv in g it e m s w h ic h have r e a d ily id e n ­
t i f i e d u s e s and a p p lic a t io n s . M a y r e f e r to a c a t a lo g , m a n u f a c t u r e r 's m a n u a l,
o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t to in s u r e th at p r o p e r it e m is s u p p lie d o r to v e r if y
p r i c e o f o r d e r e d it e m .

P e r f o r m s v a r io u s r o u tin e d u tie s s u c h as ru nn ing e r r a n d s , o p e r a t in g
m i n o r o f f i c e m a c h in e s s u c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g and d is t r ib u t in g
m a i l , a nd o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x c lu d e p o s it io n s that r e q u ir e o p e r a t io n
o f a m o t o r 'v e h i c l e as a s ig n ific a n t du ty.

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e a c c o u n t in g c l e r i c a l ta s k s su ch as p o s tin g to
r e g i s t e r s and l e d g e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g ba n k a c c o u n t s ; v e r if y in g the in te r n a l c o n ­
s i s t e n c y , c o m p le t e n e s s , an d m a t h e m a t ic a l a c c u r a c y o f a cco u n tin g d o c u m e n ts ;
a s s ig n in g p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t in g d is t r ib u t io n c o d e s ; e x a m in in g and v e r ify in g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a lc u la t io n s , p o s t in g ,
e t c . ; o r p r e p a r in g s im p le o r a s s i s t in g in p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p lic a t e d jo u r n a l
vou ch ers.
M a y w o r k in e it h e r a m a n u a l o r a u to m a te d a cco u n tin g s y s t e m .

O p e r a t e s a te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d o r c o n s o le u s e d w ith a p r iv a t e
b r a n c h e x c h a n g e ( P B X ) s y s t e m to r e la y in c o m in g , o u tg o in g , and in t r a s y s t e m
c a lls .
M a y p r o v id e in fo r m a t io n to c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and t r a n s m it m e s s a g e s ,
k e e p r e c o r d o f c a l l s p l a c e d and t o l l c h a r g e s . B e s id e s o p e r a t in g a te le p h o n e
s w it c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k
(ty p in g o r r o u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y o c c u p y the m a jo r p o r t io n o f th e w o r k e r 's
t i m e , a nd is u s u a lly p e r f o r m e d w h ile at th e s w itc h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e ) . C h ie f o r
le a d o p e r a t o r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th a n on e o p e r a t o r a r e
e x c lu d e d . F o r an o p e r a t o r w h o a ls o a c ts as a r e c e p t io n is t , s e e S w it c h b o a r d
O p e r a to r - R e c e p t io n i s t .

T h e w o r k r e q u ir e s a k n o w le d g e o f c l e r i c a l m e th o d s and o f f i c e
p r a c t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h r e la t e s to th e c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s in g a nd r e ­
c o r d in g o f t r a n s a c t io n s and a c c o u n t in g in fo r m a t io n .
W ith e x p e r ie n c e , the
w o r k e r t y p ic a lly b e c o m e s f a m i l i a r w ith th e b o o k k e e p in g and a cco u n tin g t e r m s
and p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in th e a s s ig n e d w o r k , but is n o t r e q u ir e d to h av e a
k n o w le d g e o f th e f o r m a l p r i n c i p l e s o f b o o k k e e p in g and a cco u n tin g .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T I O N I S T
A t a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n t e le p h o n e s w it c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , a c ts b o th as
an o p e r a t o r — s e e S w it c h b o a r d O p e r a t o r — and as a r e c e p t io n is t . R e c e p t i o n i s t 's
w o r k in v o lv e s s u c h d u tie s as g r e e t in g v i s i t o r s ; d e t e r m in in g n a tu r e o f v i s i t o r 's
b u s in e s s and p r o v id in g a p p r o p r ia t e in fo r m a t io n ; r e f e r r i n g v i s i t o r t o a p p r o ­
p r ia t e p e r s o n in th e o r g a n iz a t i o n o r c o n ta c t in g that p e r s o n b y t e le p h o n e and
a r r a n g in g an a p p o in t m e n t; k e e p in g a lo g o f v i s i t o r s .

P o s it io n s
d e f in it io n s :

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e ls

on the

b a s is o f the fo llo w in g

C la s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r f o r m s a cco u n tin g c l e r i c a l
o p e r a t io n s w h ic h r e q u ir e th e a p p lic a t io n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m e n t, f o r
e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s i n g c o m p lic a t e d o r n o n r e p e t it iv e a cco u n tin g t r a n s ­
a c t i o n s , s e le c t in g a m o n g a s u b s ta n tia l v a r ie t y o f p r e s c r i b e d a cco u n tin g c o d e s
and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c in g t r a n s a c t io n s th r o u g h p r e v io u s a cco u n tin g
a c t io n s to d e t e r m in e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M a y b e a s s is t e d b y on e o r
m o r e c la s s B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .

O RDER CLERK
R e c e i v e s w r it t e n o r v e r b a l c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s f o r m a t e r ia l
o r m e r c h a n d is e f r o m c u s t o m e r s o r s a le s p e o p le .
W o r k t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e s
s o m e c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o llo w in g d u tie s : Q u o tin g p r i c e s ; d e t e r m in in g a v a ila ­
b i l i t y o f o r d e r e d it e m s and s u g g e s tin g s u b s titu te s w h en n e c e s s a r y ; a d v is in g
e x p e c t e d d e l i v e r y d a te and m e t h o d o f d e li v e r y ; r e c o r d in g o r d e r and c u s t o m e r
ih fo r m a t io n o n o r d e r
s h e e t s ; c h e c k in g o r d e r s h e e ts f o r a c c u r a c y and




are

C la s s B . U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v is io n , f o llo w in g d e t a ile d in s t r u c tio n s
and s ta n d a r d iz e d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e
ro u tin e a cco u n tin g
c l e r i c a l o p e r a t io n s , s u ch as p o s t in g to l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s

31

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K — C o n tin u ed

P A Y R O L L C L E R K — C on tin u ed

w h e r e id e n t ific a t io n o f it e m s and lo c a t io n s o f p o s t in g s a r e c l e a r l y in d ic a t e d ;
c h e c k in g a c c u r a c y and c o m p le t e n e s s o f s ta n d a r d iz e d and r e p e t it iv e r e c o r d s
o r a c c o u n tin g d o c u m e n t s ; and c o d in g d o c u m e n ts u sin g a fe w p r e s c r i b e d
a c c o u n tin g c o d e s .

lis t in g s a g a in st s o u r c e r e c o r d s ; t r a c in g and c o r r e c t i n g e r r o r s in lis t i n g s ;
and a s s i s t in g in p r e p a r a t io n o f p e r i o d i c s u m m a r y p a y r o l l r e p o r t s . In a n o n a u to m a te d p a y r o ll s y s t e m , c o m p u te s w a g e s . W o r k m a y r e q u ir e a p r a c t i c a l
k n o w le d g e o f g o v e r n m e n t a l r e g u la t io n s , c o m p a n y p a y r o ll p o l i c y , o r the
co m p u te r sy s te m fo r p r o c e s s in g p a y r o lls .

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (w ith o r w ith ou t a t y p e w r it e r k e y ­
b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t io n s .
C la s s A . K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n o w le d g e o f and
e x p e r ie n c e in b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m ilia r it y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e
o f the p a r t ic u la r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m u s e d .
D e t e r m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d is t r ib u t io n o f d e b it and c r e d it it e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h p h a s e o f the w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a t e d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e t s , and o t h e r r e c o r d s b y hand.
C la s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f on e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a
s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly r e q u ir in g little k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s
o r s e c t io n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le , p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (not in ­
clu d in g a s im p le ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r m a c h in e b i l l e r ) , c o s t d i s ­
tr ib u t io n , e x p e n s e d is t r ib u t io n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t io n o f t r i a l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r the a c c o u n tin g
d e p a r tm e n t.
M A C H IN E B I L L E R
P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , and in v o ic e s on a m a c h in e o t h e r than
an o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r it e r . M a y a ls o k e e p r e c o r d s as to b illin g s
o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l w o r k in c id e n t a l to b illin g
o p e r a t io n s . F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e b i l l e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e
o f m a c h in e , as f o llo w s :
B illin g - m a c h in e b i l l e r . U s e s a s p e c i a l b illin g m a c h in e (c o m b in a tio n
ty p in g and a d d in g m a c h in e ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s and i n v o ic e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ’
p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , sh ip p in g m e m o r a n d a , e t c .
U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a tio n o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n t s and s h ip p in g c h a r g e s
and e n tr y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s io n s , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n ot b e c o m p u te d on
the b illin g m a c h in e , and t o t a ls w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la te d b y
m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a t io n u s u a lly in v o lv e s a la r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p ie s o f
the b ill b e in g p r e p a r e d and is o fte n d on e on a fa n fo ld m a c h in e .

KEY ENTRY O PERA TO R
O p e r a t e s k e y b o a r d - c o n t r o ll e d da ta e n tr y d e v ic e s u c h as k e y p u n ch
m a c h in e o r k e y - o p e r a t e d m a g n e t ic ta p e o r d is k e n c o d e r to t r a n s c r i b e
da ta in to a f o r m s u ita b le f o r c o m p u t e r p r o c e s s i n g . W o r k r e q u ir e s s k ill in
o p e r a t in g an a lp h a n u m e r ic k e y b o a r d and an u n d e r s ta n d in g o f t r a n s c r ib in g
p r o c e d u r e s and r e le v a n t data e n tr y e q u ip m e n t.
P o s it io n s
d e fin it io n s :

a re

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e ls

on

th e b a s is

of

th e fo llo w in g

C la s s A . W o r k r e q u ir e s th e a p p lic a t io n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m e n t
in s e le c t in g p r o c e d u r e s to b e f o llo w e d and in s e a r c h i n g f o r , in t e r p r e t in g ,
s e l e c t i n g , o r cod in g it e m s to b e e n t e r e d f r o m a v a r ie t y o f s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s .
On o c c a s i o n m a y a ls o p e r f o r m r o u tin e w o r k as d e s c r i b e d f o r c la s s B .
N O T E : E x c lu d e d a r e o p e r a t o r s a b o v e c l a s s A u s in g th e k e y e n try
c o n t r o ls to a c c e s s , r e a d , and e v a lu a te th e s u b s ta n c e o f s p e c i f i c r e c o r d s to
ta k e s u b s ta n tiv e a c t io n s , o r to m a k e e n t r ie s r e q u ir in g a s i m i l a r l e v e l o f
k n o w le d g e .
C la s s B . W o rk is rou tin e and r e p e t it iv e . U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v is io n
o r f o llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r d e t a ile d i n s t r u c t io n s , w o r k s f r o m
v a r io u s s ta n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts w h ic h h a v e b e e n c o d e d and r e q u ir e
lit t le o r no s e le c t in g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g o f da ta to b e e n t e r e d . R e f e r s
to s u p e r v i s o r p r o b le m s a r is in g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s , c o d e s , o r m i s s in g
in fo r m a t io n .

Professional and Technical
C O M P U T E R S Y ST E M S A N A L Y S T , BU SIN E SS

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e b i l l e r . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (w ith o r
w ith ou t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ’ b i l l s as p a rt o f the
a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le o p e r a t io n . G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s th e s im u lta n e o u s e n tr y o f
f ig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la te s
f ig u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s and c o m p u te s and u s u a lly p r in t s
a u t o m a t ic a lly th e d e b it o r c r e d it b a la n c e s .
D o e s n ot in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e
o f b o o k k e e p in g .
W o r k s f r o m u n ifo r m and s ta n d a r d ty p e s o f s a le s and
c r e d it s lip s .
P A Y R O L L CLERK
P e r f o r m s th e c l e r i c a l ta s k s n e c e s s a r y to p r o c e s s p a y r o lls and to
m a in ta in p a y r o l l r e c o r d s . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : P r o c e s s i n g
w o r k e r s ' t im e o r p r o d u c t io n r e c o r d s ; a d ju s tin g w o r k e r s ' r e c o r d s f o r ch a n g e s
in w a ge r a t e s , s u p p le m e n t a r y b e n e f it s , o r ta x d e d u c t io n s ; e d itin g p a y r o ll




A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b le m s to f o r m u la t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g
th e m b y u se o f e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t. D e v e lo p s a c o m p le t e
d e s c r i p t i o n o f a ll s p e c if ic a t io n s n e e d e d to e n a b le p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u ir e d d ig ita l c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
A n a ly z e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t io n s to b e a u to m a te d and id e n t ifie s c o n d it io n s
and c r i t e r i a r e q u ir e d to a c h ie v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r and
ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d o c u m e n ts to b e u s e d ; o u tlin e s a c t io n s to b e
p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u t e r s in s u f f ic ie n t d e t a il f o r p r e s e n t a t io n
to m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m in g ( t y p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p r e p a r a t io n o f
w o r k and da ta flo w c h a r t s ); c o o r d in a t e s th e d e v e lo p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b le m s and
p a r t ic ip a t e s in t r i a l ru n s o f n ew and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s
e q u ip m e n t ch a n g es to o b ta in m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l o p e r a t io n s .
(N O T E :
W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g b o th s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g s h o u ld be
c l a s s i f i e d as s y s te m s a n a ly sts i f th is is th e s k ill u s e d t o d e t e r m in e t h e ir pa y.)

C O M P U TE R SYSTEM S A N A L Y ST ,

BUSINESS— C on tin u ed

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS---- C o n tin u e d

D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le f o r th e m a n ­
a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p lo y e e s ,
o r s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n t if ic o r e n g in e e r in g
p r o b le m s .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , s y s t e m s a n a ly sts a re c l a s s i f i e d as f o llo w s :
C la s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d er on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s in v o lv in g a ll p h a s e s o f s y s t e m s a n a ly s is . P r o b le m s a re
c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f input data and m u lt ip le - u s e r e q u i r e ­
m e n ts o f ou tpu t d a ta .
( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in te g r a t e d p r o d u c t io n
s c h e d u lin g , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in
w h ic h e v e r y it e m o f e a c h ty p e is a u t o m a t ic a lly p r o c e s s e d th ro u g h th e fu ll
s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r ia t e fo llo w u p a ctio n s a r e in itia t e d b y the
c o m p u t e r .) C o n fe r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m in e the data p r o c e s s i n g
p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a t io n s o f n ew o r
r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f d a ta p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t io n s . M a k es r e c o m m e n d a t io n s , i f
n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s in s t a lla tio n s o r ch a n g e s and f o r
o b ta in in g e q u ip m e n t.

la n g u a g e , c a u s e the m a n ip u la tio n o f data to a c h ie v e d e s ir e d r e s u lt s . W o rk
in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : A p p lie s k n o w le d g e o f c o m p u te r c a p a ­
b i l i t i e s , m a t h e m a t ic s , l o g i c e m p lo y e d b y c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t ic u la r s u b ­
j e c t m a t t e r in v o lv e d to a n a ly z e c h a r ts and d ia g r a m s o f the p r o b le m to
b e p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s s e q u e n c e o f p r o g r a m s t e p s ; w r it e s d e ta ile d flo w
c h a r t s to s h ow o r d e r in w h ic h data w ill b e p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r ts th e s e
c h a r t s to c o d e d in s t r u c t io n s f o r m a c h in e to fo llo w ; t e s t s and c o r r e c t s
p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s t r u c t io n s f o r o p e r a t in g p e r s o n n e l d u rin g p r o d u c tio n
ru n ; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lt e r s p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e o p e r a tin g e f f i ­
c ie n c y o r adapt to n e w r e q u ir e m e n t s ; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s o f p r o g r a m d e ­
v e lo p m e n t and r e v i s i o n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g b o th s y s t e m s a n a l­
y s i s and p r o g r a m m in g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s a n a ly sts i f th is is
th e s k ill u se d to d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)
D oes n ot in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s ib le f o r the m a n ­
a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g e m p lo y e e s ,
o r p r o g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c a n d /o r e n g in e e r in g
p r o b le m s .
F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , p r o g r a m m e r s

M a y p r o v id e f u n c t io n a l
w h o a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

d ir e c t io n to lo w e r

le v e l s y s t e m s

are c la s s ifie d

as

f o llo w s :

a n a ly s ts
C la s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n
on c o m p le x p r o b le m s w h ic h r e q u ir e c o m p e t e n c e in a ll p h a s e s o f p r o ­
g r a m m in g c o n c e p t s and p r a c t i c e s .
W o rk in g f r o m
d ia g r a m s and ch a rts
w h ic h id e n tify th e n a tu r e o f d e s ir e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s in g s te p s to
b e a c c o m p lis h e d , and the r e la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n v a r io u s s te p s o f the p r o b ­
le m s o lv in g r o u tin e ; p la n s the fu ll ra n ge o f p r o g r a m m in g a c tio n s n e e d e d
to e f f ic i e n t ly u t iliz e th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in a c h ie v in g d e s ir e d end p r o d u c t s .

C la s s B . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d er on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
p r o b l e m s that a r e r e la t iv e ly u n c o m p lic a t e d to a n a ly z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , and
o p e r a t e . P r o b l e m s a r e o f lim it e d c o m p le x it y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input data
a r e h o m o g e n e o u s and th e ou tpu t data a r e c l o s e l y r e la t e d .
( F o r e x a m p le ,
d e v e lo p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in ta in in g d e p o s it o r a cco u n ts in a b a n k , m a in ta in in g
a ccou n ts
r e c e iv a b le
in a r e t a i l e s ta b lis h m e n t, o r m a in ta in in g in v e n t o r y
a c c o u n t s in a m a n u fa c tu r in g o r w h o le s a le e s t a b lis h m e n t .)
C o n fe r s w ith
p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o d e t e r m in e the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s
s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e im p lic a t io n s o f th e data p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s
to b e a p p lie d .

At th is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m in g is d if f ic u lt b e c a u s e c o m p u te r e q u ip ­
m e n t m u s t b e o r g a n iz e d to p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in t e r r e la t e d but d iv e r s e p r o d ­
u cts f r o m n u m e r o u s and d iv e r s e da ta e le m e n t s .
A w id e v a r ie t y and e x ­
t e n s iv e n u m b e r o f in te r n a l p r o c e s s i n g a c tio n s m u s t o c c u r .
T h is r e q u ir e s
s u c h a c tio n s as d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t io n s w h ich can be r e ­
u s e d , e s t a b lis h m e n t o f lin k a g e p o in ts b e tw e e n o p e r a t io n s , a d ju s tm e n ts to
d a ta w h en p r o g r a m r e q u ir e m e n t s e x c e e d c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c it y , and
s u b s ta n tia l m a n ip u la tio n and r e s e q u e n c in g o f data e le m e n t s to f o r m a
h ig h ly in te g r a t e d p r o g r a m .

OR
W o r k s o n a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s i n g
sch em e or
s y s t e m , as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly on ro u tin e a s s i g n ­
m e n ts and r e c e i v e s in s t r u c t io n and g u id a n ce on c o m p le x a s s ig n m e n t s . W o r k
is r e v ie w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t, c o m p lia n c e w ith in s t r u c t io n s , and to
in s u r e p r o p e r a lig n m e n t w ith th e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .

M a y p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l d ir e c t io n
a r e a s s ig n e d to a s s i s t .

to lo w e r l e v e l

p r o g r a m m e r s w ho

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS

C la s s B . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
r e la t iv e ly s im p le p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le s e g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n t s ) u su a lly p r o c e s s in fo r m a t io n to p r o d u c e data in tw o
o r t h r e e v a r ie d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s . R e p o r ts and lis t in g s a re p r o d u c e d b y
r e fin in g , a d a p tin g , a r r a y in g , o r m a k in g m in o r a d d itio n s to o r d e le tio n s f r o m
in pu t data w h ic h a r e r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , th e data h ave b e e n r e fin e d in p r i o r a c tio n s s o that the a c c u r a c y
and s e q u e n c in g o f data ca n b e t e s t e d b y u sin g a fe w r o u tin e c h e c k s . T y p ic a lly ,
the p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith ro u tin e r e c o r d k e e p in g o p e r a t io n s .

C o n v e r t s s ta t e m e n ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p ic a lly p r e p a r e d b y a
s y s t e m s a n a ly s t , in to a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s w h ic h a r e r e ­
q u ir e d to s o l v e th e p r o b l e m s b y a u to m a tic data p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t.
W o r k in g f r o m c h a r t s o r d ia g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s the p r e ­
c i s e in s t r u c t io n s w h ic h , w h en e n te r e d in to the c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d

W o r k s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (as d e s c r i b e d f o r c la s s A) u n der
c l o s e d ir e c t io n o f a h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s is t
h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r b y in d e p e n d e n tly p e r f o r m in g l e s s d iffic u lt ta s k s
a s s i g n e d , and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d if f ic u lt ta s k s u n d e r f a i r l y c lo s e d ir e c t io n .

C la s s C . W o r k s u n d e r im m e d ia t e s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y i n g ou t a n a ly s e s
a s a s s ig n e d , u s u a lly o f a s in g le a c t iv it y .
A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d e s ig n e d to
d e v e lo p and e x p a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r ie n c e in th e a p p lic a tio n o f p r o c e d u r e s and
s k ills r e q u ir e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a ly s is w o r k . F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s i s t a h ig h e r
l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly s t b y p r e p a r in g the d e t a ile d s p e c if ic a t io n s r e q u ir e d b y
progra m m ers
f r o m i n fo r m a t io n d e v e lo p e d b y the h ig h e r l e v e l a n a ly s t.




OR

33

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BU SIN E SS— C o n tin u e d

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — C on tin u ed

M a y g u id e o r in s t r u c t lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .

C la s s B . In a d d ition to e s t a b lis h e d p r o d u c t io n ru n s , w o r k a s s i g n ­
m e n ts in c lu d e ru ns in v o lv in g n ew p r o g r a m s , a p p lic a t io n s , and p r o c e d u r e s
( i . e . , s itu a tio n s w h ich r e q u ir e the o p e r a t o r to a dap t to a v a r ie t y o f p r o b l e m s ) .
A t th is l e v e l , the o p e r a t o r has the tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e to w o r k f a i r ly
in d e p e n d e n tly in c a r r y in g out m o s t a s s ig n m e n t s . A s s ig n m e n t s m a y r e q u ir e
th e o p e r a t o r to s e l e c t f r o m a v a r ie t y o f s ta n d a r d setu p and o p e r a t in g
procedu res.
In r e s p o n d in g to c o m p u t e r ou tp u t in s t r u c t io n s o r e r r o r c o n ­
d it io n s , a p p lie s s ta n d a rd o p e r a t in g o r c o r r e c t i v e p r o c e d u r e s , but m a y
d e v ia te f r o m s ta n d a rd p r o c e d u r e s w h en s ta n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s f a i l i f d e v ia tio n
d o e s n ot m a t e r ia lly a lt e r th e c o m p u t e r u n it 's p r o d u c t io n p la n s . R e f e r s th e
p r o b l e m o r a b o r ts the p r o g r a m w h en p r o c e d u r e s a p p lie d do n o t p r o v id e a
s o lu t io n . M a y gu ide lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .

C la s s C . M a k e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a t io n s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t i c e s
and c o n c e p t s u s u a lly le a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a in in g c o u r s e s .
A s s ig n m e n t s
a r e d e s ig n e d t o d e v e lo p c o m p e t e n c e in the a p p lic a t io n o f s ta n d a r d p r o ­
c e d u r e s to r o u tin e p r o b l e m s .
R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v is io n on n e w a s p e c t s
o f a s s ig n m e n t s ; and w o r k is r e v ie w e d to v e r i f y its a c c u r a c y and c o n fo r m a n c e
w ith r e q u ir e d p r o c e d u r e s .
COM PUTER O PE R A TO R
In a c c o r d a n c e w ith o p e r a t in g in s t r u c t io n s , m o n it o r s and o p e r a t e s
the c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d ig it a l c o m p u t e r to p r o c e s s da ta . E x e c u t e s ru n s b y
e it h e r s e r i a l p r o c e s s i n g ( p r o c e s s e s on e p r o g r a m
at a t i m e ) o r m u lt i­
p r o c e s s i n g ( p r o c e s s e s tw o o r m o r e p r o g r a m s s im u lt a n e o u s ly ) . T h e fo llo w in g
d u tie s c h a r a c t e r i z e th e w o r k o f a c o m p u t e r o p e r a t o r :
- S tu d ie s
needed.
-

o p e r a t in g

L o a d s e q u ip m e n t
p a p e r , e t c .).

in s t r u c t io n s
w ith

to

r e q u ir e d

d e t e r m in e
it e m s

e q u ip m e n t

(t a p e s ,

card s,

C la s s C . W o rk a s s ig n m e n t s a r e lim it e d t o e s t a b lis h e d p r o d u c t io n
ru n s ( i . e . , p r o g r a m s w h ic h p r e s e n t fe w o p e r a t in g p r o b l e m s ) .
A s s ig n m e n t s
m a y c o n s i s t p r im a r ily o f o n - t h e - j o b t r a in in g
( s o m e t im e s a u g m e n te d b y
c l a s s r o o m in s t r u c t io n ). W hen le a r n in g to run p r o g r a m s , th e s u p e r v i s o r o r a
h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r p r o v id e s d e t a ile d w r it t e n o r o r a l g u id a n c e to the
o p e r a t o r b e f o r e and d u rin g the run. A f t e r th e o p e r a t o r h as g a in e d e x p e r ie n c e
w ith a p r o g r a m , h o w e v e r , the o p e r a t o r w o r k s f a i r l y in d e p e n d e n tly in
a p p ly in g s ta n d a rd o p e r a t in g o r c o r r e c t i v e p r o c e d u r e s in r e s p o n d in g to
c o m p u t e r ou tput in s t r u c t io n s o r e r r o r c o n d it io n s , but r e f e r s p r o b le m s to a
h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r o r the s u p e r v i s o r w h e n s ta n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s f a i l.

s etu p
d is k s ,

- S w it c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x illia r y e q u ip m e n t in to s y s t e m .
- S t a r ts and o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r .
-

P E R I P H E R A L E Q U IP M E N T O P E R A T O R

R e s p o n d s to o p e r a t in g and c o m p u t e r ou tpu t in s t r u c t io n s .

- R e v ie w s e r r o r m e s s a g e s and m a k e s c o r r e c t i o n s
o r r e fe r s p r o b le m s .

d u rin g o p e r a t io n

O p e r a t e s p e r ip h e r a l e q u ip m e n t w h i c h
d i r e c t l y s u p p o r t s d ig ita l
c o m p u t e r o p e r a t io n s . S u ch e q u ip m e n t is u n iq u e ly a nd s p e c i f i c a l l y d e s ig n e d
f o r c o m p u t e r a p p lic a t io n s , but n e e d n ot b e p h y s ic a lly o r e l e c t r o n i c a l l y
c o n n e c t e d to a c o m p u t e r .
P r i n t e r s , p l o t t e r s , c a r d r e a d / p u n c h e s , ta p e
r e a d e r s , ta p e units o r d r i v e s , d is k u n its o r d r i v e s , and da ta d is p la y units
a r e e x a m p le s o f s u c h e q u ip m e n t.

- M a in ta in s o p e r a t in g r e c o r d .
M a y t e s t - r u n n e w o r m o d if ie d p r o g r a m s . M a y a s s i s t in m o d ify in g
s y ste m s o r p r o g r a m s .
T h e s c o p e o f th is d e fin itio n in c lu d e s t r a i n e e s w o r k in g
to b e c o m e f u lly q u a lifie d c o m p u t e r o p e r a t o r s , f u lly q u a lif ie d c o m p u t e r
o p e r a t o r s , and le a d o p e r a t o r s p r o v id in g t e c h n ic a l a s s i s t a n c e to lo w e r l e v e l
o p e r a t o r s . It e x c lu d e s w o r k e r s w h o m o n it o r and o p e r a t e r e m o t e t e r m in a ls .

T h e fo llo w in g d u ties c h a r a c t e r i z e th e w o r k o f a p e r i p h e r a l e q u ip m e n t
o p era tor:

C la s s A . In a d d itio n t o w o r k a s s ig n m e n t s d e s c r i b e d f o r a c l a s s B
o p e r a t o r ( s e e b e lo w ) th e w o r k o f a c l a s s A o p e r a t o r in v o lv e s at le a s t on e
o f the fo llo w in g :
-

-

-

- T e s t s n e w p r o g r a m s , a p p lic a t io n s , and p r o c e d u r e s .
- A d v is e s p r o g r a m m e r s
t e c h n iq u e s .

and

s u b je c t-m a t te r

e x p e rts

o p e r a t o r at th is l e v e l




t y p ic a lly g u id e s

lo w e r

C h e ck in g la b e ls and m o u n tin g and d is m o u n tin g
r e e l s o r d is k s on s p e c i f i e d u n its o r d r i v e s .

d e s ig n a t e d ta p e

- S ettin g c o n t r o ls w h ic h r e g u la te o p e r a t io n o f the e q u ip m e n t.
on

se tu p

- O b s e r v in g p a n e l lig h ts f o r w a r n in g s
ta k in g a p p r o p r ia t e a c tio n .

- A s s i s t s in (1) m a in ta in in g , m o d if y in g , and d e v e lo p in g o p e r a t in g
s y s t e m s o r p r o g r a m s ; (2) d e v e lo p in g o p e r a t in g in s t r u c t io n s and
te c h n iq u e s to c o v e r p r o b l e m s it u a tio n s ; a n d / o r (3) s w itc h in g to
e m e r g e n c y b a c k u p p r o c e d u r e s (s u c h a s s i s t a n c e r e q u ir e s a w o r k in g
k n o w le d g e o f p r o g r a m la n g u a g e , c o m p u t e r f e a t u r e s , and s o ft w a r e
s y s t e m s ).
An

L a b e llin g ta p e r e e l s , d is k s , o r c a r d d e c k s .

-

D e v ia t e s f r o m s ta n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s t o a v o id th e l o s s o f i n f o r ­
m a t io n o r t o c o n s e r v e c o m p u t e r tim e e v e n th ou g h th e p r o c e d u r e s
a p p lie d m a t e r ia lly a lt e r th e c o m p u t e r u n it 's p r o d u c t io n p la n s .

L o a d in g p r in t e r s and p lo t t e r s w ith c o r r e c t p a p e r ; a d ju s tin g
c o n t r o ls f o r f o r m s , t h ic k n e s s , t e n s io n , p r in t in g d e n s it y , and
lo c a t io n ; and u n loa d in g h a r d c o p y .

a nd

error

in d ic a t io n s

- E x a m in in g t a p e s , c a r d s , o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l f o r c r e a s e s ,
o r o th e r d e f e c t s w h ich c o u ld c a u s e p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s .

and

te a rs,

T h is c l a s s if i c a t io n e x c lu d e s w o r k e r s (1 ) w h o m o n it o r and o p e r a t e a
c o n t r o l c o n s o l e ( s e e c o m p u t e r o p e r a t o r ) o r a r e m o t e t e r m in a l, o r ( 2 ) w h o s e
d u tie s a r e lim it e d to o p e r a t in g d e c o l l a t e r s , b u r s t e r s , s e p a r a t o r s , o r s i m i l a r
e q u ip m e n t.

le v e l o p e r a to r s .

34

C O M P U T E R D A T A L I B R A R IA N

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N

M a in ta in s l i b r a r y o f m e d ia (ta p e s , d isk s'^ c a r d s , c a s s e t t e s ) u s e d
f o r a u to m a tic d a ta p r o c e s s i n g a p p lic a t io n s . T he fo llo w in g o r s i m i l a r d u ties
c h a r a c t e r i z e th e w o r k o f a c o m p u t e r data lib r a r ia n : C la s s ify in g , c a t a lo g in g ,
and s t o r in g m e d ia in a c c o r d a n c e w ith a s ta n d a r d iz e d s y s t e m ; u pon p r o p e r
r e q u e s t s , r e le a s in g m e d ia f o r p r o c e s s i n g ; m a in ta in in g r e c o r d s o f r e l e a s e s
and r e t u r n s ; in s p e c t in g r e t u r n e d m e d ia f o r da m a ge o r e x c e s s i v e w e a r to
d e t e r m in e w h e t h e r o r n ot th e y n e e d r e p la c in g . M ay p e r f o r m m i n o r r e p a ir s
to d a m a g e d t a p e s .

W o r k s on v a r io u s ty p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t and r e la t e d d e v ic e s
b y p e r f o r m in g on e o r a c o m b in a tio n o f th e fo llo w in g : I n s t a llin g , m a in ta in in g ,
r e p a ir in g , o v e r h a u lin g , t r o u b le s h o o t in g , m o d if y in g , c o n s t r u c t in g , and t e s t in g .
W o r k r e q u ir e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a tio n o f t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e o f e l e c t r o n i c s
p r i n c i p l e s , a b ilit y to d e t e r m in e m a lf u n c t io n s , and s k ill to put e q u ip m e n t in
r e q u ir e d o p e r a t in g c o n d it io n .

DRAFTER
C la s s A .
P la n s th e g r a p h ic p r e s e n t a t io n o f c o m p le x it e m s h av in g
d is t in c t iv e d e s ig n fe a t u r e s th a t d if f e r s ig n ific a n t ly f r o m e s t a b lis h e d d r a ftin g
p re ce d e n ts.
W o r k s in c l o s e s u p p o rt w ith the d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r , and m a y
r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s . A n a ly z e s the e f fe c t o f e a c h ch a n g e on the
d e t a ils o f f o r m , fu n c t io n , and p o s it io n a l r e la t io n s h ip s o f c o m p o n e n t s and
p a r t s . W o r k s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s i s t a n c e . C o m p le t e d w o r k
is r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r ig i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g
d e t e r m i n a t i o n s . M a y e it h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s o r d ir e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t io n b y
lo w e r le v e l d r a fte r s .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n ro u tin e and c o m p le x d r a ftin g a s s ig n m e n t s
th a t r e q u ir e th e a p p lic a t io n o f m o s t o f th e s ta n d a r d iz e d d r a w in g t e c h n iq u e s
r e g u la r ly u sed .
D u tie s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e s u ch w o r k a s:
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g
d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s , m u lt ip le fu n c t io n s , and
p r e c i s e p o s it io n a l r e la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e d a r c h it e c t u r a l
d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t io n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e ta il d r a w in g s o f fo u n d a ­
t i o n s , w a ll s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p la n s , and r o o f .
U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u la s and
m a n u a ls in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y c o m p u ta tio n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n titie s o f
m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s tr e n g t h s , s t r e s s e s , e t c .
R e c e iv e s
in it ia l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u ir e m e n t s , and a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le t e d
w o r k is c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n i c a l a d e q u a c y .
C la s s C .
P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s o f s in g le units o r p a r t s f o r
e n g in e e r i n g , c o n s t r u c t io n , m a n u fa c tu r in g , o r r e p a ir p u r p o s e s .
T ypes of
d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o je c t i o n s (d e p ic tin g t h r e e d im e n s io n s
in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) and s e c t i o n a l v ie w s to c la r if y p o s it io n in g o f c o m p o n e n ts
and c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a t io n .
C o n s o lid a te s d e ta ils f r o m a n u m b e r o f
s o u r c e s and a d ju s ts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ir e d . S u g g e s te d m e t h o d s o f
a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r ia ls a r e g iv e n
w ith in it ia l a s s i g n m e n t s . I n s t r u c t io n s a r e l e s s c o m p le t e w h en a s s ig n m e n t s
r e c u r . W o r k m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

D R A F T E R -T R A C E R
C o p ie s p la n s and d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o th e r s b y p la c in g t r a c in g
c lo t h o r p a p e r o v e r d r a w in g s and t r a c in g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
(D o e s n ot
in c lu d e t r a c in g li m i t e d t o p la n s p r i m a r i l y c o n s is t in g o f s tr a ig h t lin e s and a
l a r g e s c a le n o t r e q u ir in g c l o s e d e lin e a tio n .)

T h e e q u ip m e n t— c o n s is t in g o f e it h e r m a n y d iffe r e n t k in ds o f c ir c u it s
o r m u lt ip le r e p e t it io n o f the s a m e k in d o f c ir c u it — in c lu d e s , but is not lim it e d
t o , th e f o llo w in g : (a) E l e c t r o n i c tr a n s m it t in g and r e c e iv in g e q u ip m e n t ( e .g .,
r a d a r , r a d io , t e l e v i s i o n , te le p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v ig a tio n a l a id s ), (b) d ig ita l and
a n a lo g c o m p u t e r s , and ( c ) in d u s t r ia l and m e d ic a l m e a s u r in g and c o n t r o llin g
e q u ip m e n t.
T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c lu d e s r e p a i r e r s o f s u ch sta n d a rd e le c t r o n i c
e q u ip m e n t as c o m m o n o f f i c e m a c h in e s and h o u s e h o ld r a d io and t e l e v is io n
s e t s ; p r o d u c t io n a s s e m b l e r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y duty is
s e r v i c i n g e l e c t r o n i c t e s t in s t r u m e n t s ; t e c h n ic ia n s w ho h av e a d m in is t r a tiv e
o r s u p e r v is o r y
r e s p o n s ib ilit y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s i g n e r s , and p r o f e s s io n a l
e n g in e e r s .
P o s it io n s
d e fin it io n s :

are

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e l s o n

the b a s is

o f th e fo llo w in g

C la s s A . A p p lie s a d v a n ce d t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e u n u su a lly
c o m p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e . , t h o s e that t y p ic a lly ca n n o t b e s o lv e d s o le ly b y
r e f e r e n c e to m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a ls o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k in g on
e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t.
E x a m p le s o f s u c h p r o b le m s in c lu d e lo c a t io n and
d e n s ity o f c i r c u i t r y , e l e c t r o m a g n e t ic r a d ia t io n , is o la t in g m a lfu n c t io n s , and
fr e q u e n t e n g in e e r in g c h a n g e s . W o r k in v o lv e s :
A d e t a ile d u n d e rsta n d in g o f
the in t e r r e la t io n s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g in d e p e n d e n t ju d g m e n t in p e r ­
f o r m in g s u c h ta s k s as m a k in g c i r c u i t a n a ly s e s , c a lc u la tin g w a v e f o r m s ,
t r a c in g r e la t io n s h ip s in s ig n a l flo w ; and r e g u la r ly u sin g c o m p le x te s t in ­
s tr u m e n ts
( e . g . , du al t r a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia tio n m e t e r s ,
p u ls e g e n e r a t o r s ) .
W o r k m a y b e r e v ie w e d b y s u p e r v i s o r (fr e q u e n t ly an e n g in e e r o r
d e s ig n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s .
M a y p r o v id e
t e c h n ic a l g u id a n c e to lo w e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .
C la s s B . A p p lie s c o m p r e h e n s iv e t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e c o m ­
p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e . , t h o s e th at t y p ic a lly ca n b e s o lv e d s o le ly b y p r o p e r ly
in t e r p r e t in g m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a ls o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k in g on
e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t. W o r k in v o lv e s : A f a m ilia r it y w ith the i n t e r r e la t io n ­
s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; and ju d g m e n t in d e t e r m in in g w o r k s e q u e n c e and in s e le c t in g
t o o l s and t e s t in g in s t r u m e n t s , u s u a lly l e s s c o m p le x th an th o s e u s e d b y the
c l a s s A t e c h n ic ia n .
R e c e i v e s t e c h n ic a l g u id a n c e , as r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n , and w o r k is r e v ie w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p t e d
p r a c t i c e s and w o r k a s s ig n m e n t s .
M a y p r o v id e t e c h n ic a l g u id a n ce to lo w e r
l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .

A N D /O R
C la s s C . A p p lie s w o r k in g t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to p e r f o r m s im p le o r
r o u tin e ta s k s in w o r k in g on e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t, fo llo w in g d e t a ile d in ­
s t r u c t io n s w h ic h c o v e r v ir t u a lly a ll p r o c e d u r e s . W o r k t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s s u ch

P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e t it iv e d r a w in g s o f e a s ily v is u a l iz e d i t e m s .
W o r k is c l o s e l y s u p e r v i s e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .




35

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — C o n tin u e d

M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R IC IA N — C o n tin u e d

ta s k s a s : A s s is t in g h ig h e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s b y p e r f o r m i n g s u c h a c t i v it ie s as
r e p la c in g c o m p o n e n t s , w ir in g c i r c u i t s , and ta k in g t e s t r e a d in g s ; r e p a ir in g
s im p le e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t; and u sin g t o o l s and c o m m o n t e s t in s t r u m e n ts
( e . g . , m u lt im e t e r s , a u d io s ig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tu b e t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) . Is
n o t r e q u ir e d to b e f a m i l i a r w ith th e i n t e r r e la t io n s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s .
T h is
k n o w le d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y b e a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a s s ig n m e n t s d e s ig n e d to i n ­
c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e (in c lu d in g c l a s s r o o m t r a in in g ) s o th a t w o r k e r ca n a d v a n ce
to h ig h e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n .

e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g
w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l
and m e a s u r in g and
te n a n ce e le c t r ic ia n
th r o u g h a f o r m a l

R e c e i v e s t e c h n ic a l g u id a n c e , as r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n .
W o r k is t y p ic a lly s p o t c h e c k e d , but is g iv e n d e t a ile d
r e v ie w w h en n e w o r a d v a n c e d a s s ig n m e n t s a r e in v o lv e d .
R E G IS T E R E D IN D U S T R IA L N U R SE
A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o ,g iv e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d ic a l
d ir e c t io n t o i l l o r in ju r e d e m p lo y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r
s u f f e r an a c c id e n t on th e p r e m i s e s o f a f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f the f o llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t a id to th e i l l o r
in ju r e d ; a tte n d in g t o s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s in g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n ju r i e s ; k e e p in g
r e c o r d s o f p a tie n ts t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t io n o r
o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t in g in p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s and h e a lth e v a lu a tio n s o f
a p p lic a n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and p la n n in g and c a r r y i n g ou t p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g
h e a lth e d u c a t io n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a lu a tio n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t , o r
o t h e r a c t i v it ie s a ffe c t in g th e h e a lth , w e l f a r e , and s a fe t y o f a ll p e r s o n n e l.
N u rs in g s u p e r v i s o r s o r h e a d n u r s e s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th an
on e n u r s e a r e e x c lu d e d .

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant
M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R
P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u tie s n e c e s s a r y t o c o n s t r u c t and m a in ta in
in g o o d r e p a ir b u ild in g w o o d w o r k and e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s ,
b e n c h e s , p a r t it i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d
in an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g and
la y in g out o f w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t io n s ;
u sin g a v a r ie t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o ls , p o r t a b le p o w e r t o o l s , and s ta n d a r d
m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d i ­
m e n s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e le c t in g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y f o r th e w o r k . In g e n ­
e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N
P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c tio n s s u c h as th e i n ­
s t a lla t io n , m a in t e n a n c e , o r r e p a ir o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d i s t r i ­
b u t io n , o r u t iliz a t io n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s
m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : I n s t a llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l
e q u ip m e n t s u c h as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w it c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s ,
c i r c u i t b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n it s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s ­
m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , la y o u t s , o r o t h e r
s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; lo c a t in g and d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in th e e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r




s ta n d a rd c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s o f
e q u ip m e n t; and u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls
te s t in g in s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in ­
r e q u ir e s rou n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E P A IN T E R
P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , and f ix t u r e s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s th e f o llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s
and ty p e s o f pain t r e q u ir e d f o r d if f e r e n t a p p lic a t io n s ; p r e p a r in g s u r f a c e f o r
p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p la c in g pu tty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o le s
and in t e r s t i c e s ; and a p p ly in g pa in t w ith s p r a y gun o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s ,
o i l s , w h ite le a d , and o th e r pain t in g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n ­
s is t e n c y . In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e p a in t e r r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d
t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E M A C H IN IST
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s and n e w p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a ir s o f
m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : I n te r p r e tin g w r it t e n in s t r u c t io n s and s p e c i f i c a ­
t i o n s ; p la n n in g and la y in g out o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t 's h a n d t o o l s and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e tt in g up an d o p e r a t in g s ta n d a r d
m a c h in e t o o l s ; sh a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s ta n d a rd
s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o l i n g , f e e d s , and s p e e d s
o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f th e c o m m o n m e t a ls ;
s e le c t in g s ta n d a rd m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , and e q u ip m e n t r e q u ir e d f o r th is w o r k ;
and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a r t s in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t. In g e n e r a l, th e
m a c h in is t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a ro u n d e d t r a in in g in m a c h in e - s h o p
p r a c t i c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M A C H IN E R Y )
R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g :
E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l
e q u ip m e n t t o d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d is m a n t lin g o r p a r t ly d is m a n t lin g
m a c h in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly in v o lv e th e u se o f h a n d to o ls in
s c r a p in g and fittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t iv e p a r t s w ith it e m s
o b ta in e d f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r in g th e p r o d u c t io n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a
m a c h in e s h o p o r s e n d in g the m a c h in e t o a m a c h in e s h o p f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ;
p r e p a r in g w r it te n s p e c if ic a t io n s f o r m a j o r r e p a ir s o r f o r th e p r o d u c t io n o f
p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e s h o p s ; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m a k in g a ll
n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts f o r o p e r a t io n . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f a m a c h in e r y
m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly
a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x ­
p e r ie n c e .
E x c lu d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y
d u tie s in v o lv e s e ttin g up o r a d ju s tin g m a c h in e s .
M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M O T O R V E H I C L E )
R e p a ir s a u t o m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
E x a m in in g a u t o m o t iv e
e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d i s a s s e m b lin g e q u ip m e n t and p e r ­
f o r m in g r e p a ir s that in v o lv e th e u se o f s u c h h a n d t o o ls a s 'w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s ,

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M O T O R V E H IC L E )— C on tin u ed

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R

d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fitt in g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g
b r o k e n o r d e f e c t iv e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g rin d in g and a d ju s tin g v a lv e s ; r e ­
a s s e m b lin g and in s t a llin g th e v a r io u s a s s e m b lie s in th e v e h i c l e and m a k in g
n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ; a nd a lig n in g w h e e l s , a d ju stin g b r a k e s and lig h t s , o r
tig h te n in g b o d y b o l t s . In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f th e m o t o r v e h i c l e m a in te n a n c e
m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

A s s is t s on e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , b y
p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c o r g e n e r a l d u tie s o f l e s s e r s k ill, s u ch as k e e p in g a
w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r ia ls and t o o l s ; c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e ,
and e q u ip m e n t; a s s i s t in g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls o r t o o l s ; and
p e r f o r m i n g o th e r u n s k ille d ta s k s as d ir e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T he k in d o f
w o r k th e h e lp e r is p e r m it t e d t o p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to tr a d e :
In
s o m e t r a d e s th e h e lp e r is c o n fin e d to s u p p ly in g , lif t in g , and h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls
and t o o l s , and c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; and in o t h e r s he is p e r m it t e d to
p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e that a r e a ls o
p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .

T h is
c la s s ific a tio n d o e s
n ot i n c l u d e
c u s t o m e r s ' v e h i c l e s in a u t o m o b ile r e p a ir s h o p s .

m e c h a n ic s

w ho

r e p a ir

M A IN T E N A N C E P I P E F I T T E R
I n s t a lls o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o th e r ty p e s o f p ip e and
p ip e fit t in g s in an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : L a y in g
ou t w o r k and m e a s u r in g to lo c a t e p o s it io n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o t h e r
w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; cu ttin g v a r io u s s i z e s o f p ip e to c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith
c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y le n e t o r c h o r p ip e -c u t t in g m a c h in e s ; t h r e a d in g
p ip e w ith s t o c k s and d ie s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d -d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n
m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s and fa s te n in g p ip e t o h a n g e r s ;
m a k in g s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to p r e s s u r e s , f lo w , and s iz e o f
p ip e r e q u ir e d ; a nd m a k in g s ta n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m in e w h e t h e r f in is h e d p ip e s
m eet s p e c ific a tio n s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e p ip e fi t t e r
r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
W o rk e r s p r im a r ily
e n g a g e d in in s t a llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g s a n ita tio n o r h e a tin g s y s t e m s
a re e x c lu d e d .
M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , and m a in ta in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l
e q u ip m e n t and f ix t u r e s ( s u c h as m a ch in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e lv e s ,
l o c k e r s , ta n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e t a l r o o fin g ) o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : P la n n in g and la y in g ou t a ll t y p e s o f
s h e e t - m e t a l m a in t e n a n c e w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , m o d e ls , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a ­
t i o n s ; s e tt in g up and o p e r a t in g a ll a v a ila b le ty p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g
m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d to o ls in cu ttin g , b e n d in g , f o r m in g , s h a p in g ,
fit t in g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s t a llin g s h e e t -m e t a l a r t i c l e s as r e q u ir e d . In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t -m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d
t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R (T O O L R O O M )
S p e c ia liz e s in o p e r a t in g on e o r m o r e th an on e ty p e o f m a ch in e
t o o l ( e . g . , ji g b o r e r , g rin d in g m a c h in e , e n g in e la th e , m illin g m a ch in e ) to
m a c h in e m e t a l f o r u s e in m a k in g o r m a in ta in in g j i g s , f ix t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o l s ,
g a u g e s , o r m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s u s e d in sh a p in g o r fo r m in g m e t a l o r
n o n m e t a llic m a t e r ia l ( e . g . , p l a s t i c , p l a s t e r , r u b b e r , g la s s ) .
W o rk t y p ic a lly
i n v o l v e s : P la n n in g and p e r f o r m in g d if f ic u lt m a c h in in g o p e r a t io n s w h ich
r e q u ir e c o m p lic a t e d s e tu p s o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; s e ttin g up m a c h in e
t o o l o r t o o l s ( e . g . , i n s t a l l » cu ttin g t o o l s and a d ju s t g u id e s , s t o p s , w o rk in g
t a b l e s , and o t h e r c o n t r o ls to h a n d le th e s i z e o f s t o c k to b e m a c h in e d ;
d e t e r m in e p r o p e r f e e d s , s p e e d s , t o o l in g , and o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e o r s e le c t
t h o s e p r e s c r i b e d in d r a w in g s , b lu e p r in t s , o r la y o u t s ); u sin g a v a r ie t y o f
p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts d u rin g
m a c h in in g o p e r a t io n to a c h ie v e r e q u is it e d im e n s io n s to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s .
M a y b e r e q u ir e d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s and cu ttin g and lu b r ic a tin g o i l s ,
to r e c o g n i z e w h en t o o l s n e e d d r e s s i n g , and t o d r e s s t o o l s . In g e n e r a l, the
w o r k o f a m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r ( t o o lr o o m ) at th e s k ill l e v e l c a lle d f o r in
th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n r e q u ir e s e x t e n s iv e k n o w le d g e o f m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o l ­
r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h c o n s i d e r a b le o n - t h e - jo b tr a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , th is c l a s s if i c a t io n d o e s not
in c lu d e m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s ( t o o lr o o m ) e m p lo y e d in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g
shop s.
T O O L AN D DIE M A K E R
C o n s t r u c t s and r e p a ir s j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o l s , g a u g e s , o r
m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s u s e d in sh a p in g o r f o r m in g m e t a l o r n o n m e t a llic
m a t e r ia l ( e . g . , p l a s t i c , p l a s t e r , r u b b e r , g l a s s ) .
W o r k t y p ic a lly in v o l v e s :
P la n n in g and la y in g ou t w o r k a c c o r d in g to m o d e l s , b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , o r
o t h e r w r it te n o r o r a l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u n d e r s ta n d in g th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t ie s o f
c o m m o n m e t a ls
and a llo y s ; s e le c t in g a p p r o p r ia t e m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , and
p r o c e s s e s r e q u ir e d t o c o m p le t e ta s k ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s ;
s e ttin g up and o p e r a t in g v a r io u s m a c h in e t o o l s and r e la t e d e q u ip m e n t; u sin g
v a r io u s t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n ts ;
w o r k in g to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; h e a t -t r e a t in g m e t a l p a r t s and fin is h e d t o o l s
and d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a lit ie s ; fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a r t s t o p r e ­
s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l, the t o o l and die m a k e r 's
w o r k r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d t r a in in g in m a c h in e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t ic e
u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .

M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a lls n e w m a c h in e s o r h ea v y e q u ip m e n t, and d is m a n t le s and
in s t a lls m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w hen ch a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e
r e q u ir e d . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : P la n n in g and la y in g ou t w o r k ;
in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o t h e r s p e c if ic a t io n s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f h a n d to o ls
and r ig g in g ; m a k in g s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to s t r e s s e s , s tr e n g th
o f m a t e r i a l s , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lig n in g and b a la n c in g e q u ip m e n t;
s e le c t in g s ta n d a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t, and p a r t s to b e u s e d ; and in s t a llin g and
m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m is s io n e q u ip m e n t s u c h as d r iv e s and
speed red u cers.
In g e n e r a l , the m i llw r ig h t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a
r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e in the t r a d e a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .




F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , th is c la s s if i c a t io n d o e s n ot
in c lu d e t o o l and d ie m a k e r s w h o ( 1 ) a r e e m p lo y e d in t o o l and die jo b b in g
s h o p s o r ( 2 ) p r o d u c e f o r g in g d ie s (d ie s in k e r s ) .

37

S T A T IO N A R Y E N G IN E E R

S H IP P E R A N D R E C E IV E R — C on tin u e d

O p e r a t e s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e th e o p e r a t io n o f
s ta t io n a r y e n g in e s and e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) t o s u p p ly the
e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , h e a t, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r c o n d it io n in g . W o r k in v o lv e s : O p e r a t in g and m a in ta in in g e q u ip m e n t s u c h as
s te a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b in e s , v e n tila t in g
and r e f r ig e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t, s t e a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ;
m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; and k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y ,
t e m p e r a t u r e , and fu e l c o n s u m p tio n .
M a y a ls o s u p e r v is e t h e s e o p e r a t io n s .
H ead o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th an on e e n g in e e r
a r e e x c lu d e d .

R e c e i v e r s t y p ic a lly a re r e s p o n s ib le f o r m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
V e r if y in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f in c o m in g s h ip m e n ts b y c o m p a r in g it e m s and
q u a n titie s u n loa d ed a g a in st b ills o f la d in g , i n v o i c e s , m a n if e s t s , s t o r a g e
r e c e i p t s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r d a m a g e d g o o d s ; in s u r in g that
g o o d s a r e a p p r o p r ia t e ly id e n t ifie d f o r r o u tin g to d e p a r tm e n t s w ith in the
e s t a b lis h m e n t ; p r e p a r in g and k e e p in g r e c o r d s o f g o o d s r e c e i v e d .
F o r w a ge stu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o llo w s :
S h ip p e r
R e c e iv e r
S h ip p e r and r e c e i v e r

B O IL E R T E N D E R
F i r e s s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r s to fu r n is h the e s t a b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m ­
p lo y e d w ith h e a t, p o w e r , o r s t e a m .
F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e b y h an d o r
o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; and c h e c k s w a t e r and
s a fe t y v a lv e s . M a y c le a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a ir in g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.

Material Movement and Custodial
T R U C K D R IV E R
D r iv e s a t r u c k w ith in a c it y o r in d u s t r ia l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t
m a t e r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e , e q u ip m e n t, o r w o r k e r s b e tw e e n v a r io u s t y p e s o f
e s t a b lis h m e n t s s u c h a s : M a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t s , f r e ig h t d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s ,
w h o le s a le and r e t a il e s t a b lis h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s t a b lis h m e n t s and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M a y a ls o lo a d o r u n loa d t r u c k
w ith o r w ith ou t h e l p e r s , m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p t r u c k in
g o o d w o r k in g o r d e r .
S a le s r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,
ra te d c a p a c it y o f t r u c k , as f o llo w s :

tr u c k d r iv e r s

are

W AREHOU SEM AN
A s d ir e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f w a r e h o u s in g d u tie s w h ic h r e q u ir e
an u n d e r sta n d in g o f th e e s t a b lis h m e n t 's s t o r a g e p la n . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e f o llo w in g : V e r if y in g m a t e r ia ls ( o r m e r c h a n d is e ) a g a in s t r e c e iv in g
d o c u m e n t s , n otin g and r e p o r tin g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and o b v io u s d a m a g e s ; ro u tin g
m a t e r ia ls to p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e lo c a t i o n s ; s t o r i n g , s t a c k in g , o r p a lle t iz in g
m a t e r ia ls in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m e t h o d s ; r e a r r a n g in g and
ta k in g in v e n t o r y o f s t o r e d m a t e r ia ls ; e x a m in in g s t o r e d m a t e r ia ls and r e ­
p o r t in g d e t e r io r a t io n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s t o r a g e and
p r e p a r in g it f o r s h ip m e n t. M a y o p e r a t e hand o r p o w e r t r u c k s in p e r f o r m in g
w a r e h o u s in g d u tie s .

E x c lu d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u tie s in v o lv e s h ip p in g and r e ­
c e iv in g w o r k (s e e S h ip p e r and R e c e i v e r and S h ip p in g P a c k e r ) , o r d e r fillin g
( s e e O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a t in g p o w e r t r u c k s ( s e e P o w e r - T r u c k O p e r a t o r ) .

c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e and

T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t t r u c k
(s t r a ig h t t r u c k , u n d e r IV 2 to n s , u s u a lly 4 w h e e ls )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m tr u c k
(s t r a ig h t t r u c k , IV 2 to 4 to n s in c l u s i v e , u s u a lly 6 w h e e ls )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h eavy tr u ck
(s t r a ig h t t r u c k , o v e r 4 t o n s , u s u a lly 10 w h e e l s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , t r a c t o r - t r a il e r

O R D E R F IL L E R
F i l l s sh ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d
m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s o n s a le s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s t r u c t io n s .
M a y , in a d d itio n to f illin g o r d e r s and i n ­
d ic a t in g it e m s f ille d o r o m it t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u is it io n
a d d itio n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p lie s to s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m o t h e r
r e la t e d d u tie s .

S H IP P E R A N D R E C E I V E R
P e r f o r m s c l e r i c a l and p h y s ic a l ta s k s in c o n n e c t io n w ith s h ip p in g
g o o d s o f th e e s t a b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d and r e c e i v i n g in c o m in g
s h ip m e n ts .
In p e r f o r m i n g d a y - t o - d a y , r o u tin e t a s k s , f o llo w s e s t a b lis h e d
g u id e lin e s . In h a n d lin g u n u su a l n o n r o u tin e p r o b l e m s , r e c e i v e s s p e c i f i c g u id ­
a n ce f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r o t h e r o f f i c i a l s .
M a y d ir e c t and c o o r d in a t e th e
a c t iv it ie s o f o t h e r w o r k e r s e n g a g e d in h an d lin g g o o d s to b e s h ip p e d o r b e in g
r e c e iv e d .

S H IP P IN G P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s f in is h e d p r o d u c ts f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p la c in g th e m
in s h ip p in g c o n t a in e r s , the s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t
u pon the t y p e , s i z e , and n u m b e r o f u n its to b e p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n t a in e r
e m p lo y e d , a nd m e th o d o f s h ip m e n t. W o r k r e q u i r e s th e p la c in g o f it e m s in
s h ip p in g c o n t a in e r s and m a y in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g : K n o w le d g e
o f v a r io u s it e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y c o n te n t; s e le c t io n o f a p p r o p r ia t e
ty p e and s iz e o f c o n t a in e r ; in s e r t in g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a in e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r
o r o t h e r m a t e r ia l to p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c lo s in g and s e a lin g
c o n t a in e r ; and a p p ly in g la b e ls o r e n t e r in g id e n t ify in g data o n c o n t a in e r .
P a c k e r s w h o a ls o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .

S h ip p e r s t y p ic a lly a r e
r e s p o n s ib le f o r m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
V e r ify in g that o r d e r s a r e a c c u r a t e ly f i l l e d b y c o m p a r in g it e m s and q u a n titie s
o f g o o d s g a t h e r e d f o r s h ip m e n t a g a in s t d o c u m e n t s ; in s u r in g th a t s h ip m e n ts
a re p r o p e r l y p a c k a g e d , id e n t ifie d w ith s h ip p in g in fo r m a t io n , and lo a d e d in to
t r a n s p o r t in g v e h i c l e s ; p r e p a r in g and k e e p in g r e c o r d s o f g o o d s s h ip p e d , e . g . ,
m a n if e s t s , b i l l s o f la d in g .




38

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G L A B O R E R

G U A R D — C o n tin u ed

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t, s t o r e , o r
o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t w h o s e d u tie s in v o lv e on e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g :
L o a d in g and u n lo a d in g v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m fr e ig h t
c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t in g d e v i c e s ; u n p a ck in g , s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t io n ; and t r a n s p o r t in g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d tru c k , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w .
L on gshore
w o r k e r s , w h o lo a d and u n lo a d s h ip s , a r e e x c lu d e d .

P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o lle d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k
o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t g o o d s and m a t e r ia ls o f a ll k in d s a b ou t a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t, o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s
t r u c k , as f o l l o w s :

a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f p o w e r -

F o r k lift o p e r a t o r
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r (o th e r th an f o r k lif t )

v ic e s

G u a rd s e m p lo y e d b y e s t a b lis h m e n t s w h ic h p r o v id e p r o t e c t iv e
on a c o n t r a c t b a s is a r e in c lu d e d in th is o c c u p a t io n .

ser­

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , g u a rd s a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o llo w s :
C la s s A .
E n f o r c e s r e g u la t io n s d e s ig n e d to p r e v e n t b r e a c h e s o f
s e c u r ity .
E x e r c i s e s ju d g m e n t and u s e s d i s c r e t i o n in d e a lin g w ith e m e r ­
g e n c ie s and s e c u r it y v io la t io n s e n c o u n t e r e d .
D e t e r m in e s w h e th e r f ir s t
r e s p o n s e s h o u ld b e to in te r v e n e d ir e c t l y (a s k in g f o r a s s i s t a n c e w hen d e e m e d
n e c e s s a r y and tim e a llo w s ) , t o k e e p s itu a tio n u n d e r s u r v e illa n c e , o r to r e ­
p o r t s itu a tio n s o th at it ca n b e h a n d le d b y a p p r o p r ia t e a u th o r ity .
D uties
r e q u ir e s p e c i a l i z e d tr a in in g in m e th o d s and te c h n iq u e s o f p r o t e c t in g s e c u r it y
a r e a s . C o m m o n ly , th e g u a r d is r e q u ir e d t o d e m o n s t r a t e co n tin u in g p h y s ic a l
f it n e s s and p r o f i c i e n c y w ith f i r e a r m s o r o t h e r s p e c i a l w e a p o n s .
C la s s B .
C a r r i e s ou t in s t r u c t io n s p r i m a r i l y o r ie n t e d to w a r d in ­
s u r in g th at e m e r g e n c i e s and s e c u r it y v io la t io n s a r e r e a d ily d is c o v e r e d and
r e p o r t e d to a p p r o p r ia t e a u t h o r ity . I n t e r v e n e s d i r e c t l y o n ly in s itu a tio n s w h ich
r e q u ir e m in im a l a c tio n to s a fe g u a r d p r o p e r t y o r p e r s o n s .
D u ties r e q u ir e
m i n im a l t r a in in g .
C o m m o n ly , th e g u a r d is n ot r e q u ir e d to d e m o n s t r a te
p h y s ic a l f it n e s s . M a y b e a r m e d , b u t g e n e r a lly is n ot r e q u ir e d to d e m o n s t r a te
p r o f i c i e n c y in th e u se o f f i r e a r m s o r s p e c i a l w e a p o n s .
J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R

GUARD
P r o t e c t s p r o p e r t y f r o m th e ft o r d a m a g e , o r p e r s o n s f r o m h a z a r d s
o r i n t e r f e r e n c e . D u tie s in v o lv e s e r v in g at a fix e d p o s t , m a k in g ro u n d s on
fo o t o r b y m o t o r v e h i c l e , o r e s c o r t i n g p e r s o n s o r p r o p e r t y . M a y b e d e p u t iz e d
to m ake a r r e s ts .
M a y a ls o h e lp v i s i t o r s and c u s t o m e r s b y a n s w e r in g
q u e s t io n s and g iv in g d i r e c t i o n s .




C le a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d it io n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r tm e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r
o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t . D u ties in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o llo w in g : S w e e p in g ,
m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g c h ip s , t r a s h , and o th e r
r e f u s e ; d u s tin g e q u ip m e n t, f u r n it u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l f ix t u r e s o r
t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p lie s and m i n o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; and cle a n in g ,
l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s w h o s p e c ia liz e in w in d ow
w a s h in g a re e x c lu d e d .

39

Service Contract
Act Surveys
T h e f o llo w in g a r e a s a r e s u r ­
v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f o r u s e in a d m in ­
is t e r in g th e S e r v i c e C o n tr a c t A ct
o f 1965.
S u rvey re s u lts are p u b ­
lis h e d in r e l e a s e s w h ic h a r e a v a ila ­
b l e , at n o c o s t , w h ile s u p p lie s la s t
f r o m any o f th e B L S r e g io n a l o f f i c e s
sh ow n on th e b a c k c o v e r .
A la s k a (s t a te w id e )
A lb a n y , G a.
A le x a n d r ia —L e e s v i l l e , L a .
A lp e n a — ta n d ish —T a w a s C it y , M ic h .
S
Ann A r b o r , M ic h .
A tla n tic C it y , N .J .
A u g u s ta , G a .— .C .
S
A u s tin , T e x .
B a k e r s f ie ld , C a lif.
B a to n R o u g e , L a .
B a ttle C r e e k , M ic h .
B e a u m o n t—P o r t A r t h u r ^ O r a n g e , T e x .
B e a u m o n t—P o r t A r t h u n -O r a n g e
and L a k e C h a r le s , T e x .—L a .
B ilo x i—G u lfp o r t and P a s c a g o u la —
M o s s P o in t , M is s .
B in g h a m to n , N .Y .
B ir m in g h a m , A la .
B lo o m in g t o n r -V in c e n n e s , Ind.
B r e m e r t o n — h e lto n , W a s h .
S
B r u n s w ic k , G a.
C e d a r R a p id s , Io w a
C h a m p a ig n — rbana—R a n to u l, 111.
'U
C h a r le s to n —N o rth C h a r le s t o n —
W a lt e r b o r o , S .C .
C h a r lo tte —G a s to n ia , N .C .
C heyenne, W yo.
C la r k s v ille —H o p k in s v ille , T e n n .— y.
K
C o lo r a d o S p r i n g s , C o lo .
C o lu m b ia — u m t e r , S .C .
S
C o lu m b u s , G a .—A la .
C o lu m b u s , M i s s .
D e c a tu r , 111.
D es M o in e s , Io w a
Duluth— u p e r io r , M in n .—W is .
S
E l P a s o — la m o g o r d o —L a s C r u c e s ,
A
T e x .—N. M e x .
E u g e n e — p r in g fie ld —M e d fo r d , O r e g .
S
F a y e t t e v ille , N .C .




F o r t L a u d e r d a le — o lly w o o d
H
and W e s t P a lm B e a c h —
B o c a R a to n , F la .
F o r t S m ith , A r k .— k la .
O
F r e d e r i c k —H a g e r s to w n —
C h a m b e r s b u r g , M d .—P a .
G o ld s b o r o , N .C .
G ra n d I s la n d — a s t in g s , N e b r .
H
G uam , T e r r ito r y o f
H a r r is b u r g —L e b a n o n , P a .
K n o x v ille , T en n .
L a red o, T ex.
L a s V e g a s —T o n o p a h , N ev.
L im a , O h io
L it tle R o c k —N o rth L it tle R o c k , A r k .
L o g a n s p o r t —P e r u , Ind.
L o r a in —E l y r i a , O h io
L o w e r E a s t e r n S h o r e , M d .— a .—D e l.
V
M a c o n , G a.
M a d is o n , W is .
M a in e (s t a te w id e )
M a n s f ie ld , O h io
M c A lle n —P h a r r — d in b u r g
E
and B r o w n s v ille —H a r lin g e n —
San B e n it o , T e x .
M e r id ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , M o n m o u th , and
O c e a n C o s . , N .J .
M o b ile — e n s a c o la —P a n a m a C ity ,
P
A la .—F la .
M on ta n a (s t a te w id e )
N a s h v ille —D a v id s o n , T e n n .
N ew B e r n —J a c k s o n v i l l e , N .C .
N ew H a m p s h ir e (s t a te w id e )
N ew L o n d o n —N o r w ic h , C on n .—R .I.
N o rth D a k ota (s t a te w id e )
N o r t h e r n N ew Y o r k
N o r th w e s t T e x a s
O r la n d o , F la .
O x n a r d — im i V a lle y —V e n tu r a , C a lif.
S
P e o r i a , 111.
P h o e n ix , A r i z .
P in e B lu ff , A r k .
P u e b lo , C o lo .
P u e r t o R ic o
R a le ig h —D u r h a m , N .C .
R e n o , N ev.
S a lin a , K a n s .

S a lin a s — e a s id e —M o n t e r e y , C a lif.
S
S a n d u s k y , O hio
San ta B a r b a r a —
Santa M a r ia —
L o m p o c , C a lif.
S a va n n a h , Ga.
S e lm a , A la .
S h r e v e p o r t , L a.
S ou th D a k ota (s ta te w id e )
S o u th e rn Idaho
S o u th w e st V ir g in ia
S p o k a n e , W ash .
S p r in g fie ld , 111.
S to c k to n , C a lif.
T a c o m a , W a sh .
T a m p a — t. P e t e r s b u r g , F la .
S
T o p e k a , K a n s.
T u c s o n —D o u g la s , A r i z .
T u ls a , O k la .
U p p e r P e n in s u la , M ich .
V e r m o n t (s ta te w id e )
V ir g in Is la n d s o f the U .S.
W a c o and K ille e n —T e m p le , T e x .
W a t e r lo o —C e d a r F a l l s , Iow a
W e s t V ir g in ia (s ta te w id e )
W ic h it a F a lls —L aw ton —A ltu s ,
T e x .—O k la .
W ilm in g to n , D e l.—N .J .—M d.
Y a k im a —R ich la n d — e n n e w ick —
K
P e n d le t o n , W a sh .— r e g .
O

A LSO A V A IL A B L E —
A n a n n u a l r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r
a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d it o r s , c h ie f a c c o u n t ­
a n ts , a t t o r n e y s , jo b a n a ly s t s , d i r e c ­
t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l, b u y e r s , c h e m is t s ,
e n g i n e e r s , e n g in e e r in g t e c h n ic ia n s ,
d r a f t e r s , a n d c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s
is a v a ila b le .
O r d e r as B L S B u l l e ­
tin 19 8 0, N a tio n a l S u r v e y o f P r o ­
f e s s i o n a l , A d m in is t r a t i v e , T e c h n ic a l
and C l e r i c a l P a y , M a r c h 1 9 7 7 , $ 2 .4 0
a c o p y , f r o m any o f the B L S r e ­
g io n a l s a le s o f f i c e s sh o w n on the
b a c k c o v e r , o r f r o m the S u p e r in ­
te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n ­
m e n t P r in t in g O f f i c e , W a s h in g to n ,
D .C . 2 0 4 0 2 .

Area Wage
Surveys
A l i s t o f th e la t e s t b u lle tin s a v a ila b le is p r e s e n t e d b e lo w .
B u lle tin s
m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m a n y o f th e B L S r e g io n a l o f f i c e s sh ow n on th e b a c k
c o v e r , o r f r o m th e S u p e r in te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n ts , U .S. G o v e r n m e n t P r in t in g
O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n , D .C . 2 0 4 0 2 .
M a k e c h e c k s p a y a b le to S u p e rin te n d e n t o f
D o cu m e n ts.
A d i r e c t o r y o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e s u r v e y s , c o v e r i n g th e y e a r s
1970 th r o u g h 1 9 7 6 , is a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t .

A rea
A k r o n , O h io , D e c . 1 9 7 7 _________________________________________
A lb a n y —S c h e n e c ta d y —T r o y , N . Y ., S ep t. 1977 ________________
A n a h e im —Santa A n a—G a r d e n G r o v e ,
C a l i f ., O c t . 1 9 7 7 _________________________________________________
A t la n t a , G a ., M a y 1978 1-------------------------------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , M d ., A u g . 1 9 7 7 ______________________________________
B i l l i n g s , M o n t ., J u ly 1977 1 -------------------------------------------------------B ir m in g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1978__________________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . , A u g . 1977 ----------------------------------------------------------B u ff a lo , N .Y ., O c t . 1977 ...........................................................................
C a n to n , O h io , M a y 1 9 7 8 _________________________________________
C h a tta n o o g a , T e n n .—G a ., S e p t. 1977 ----------------------------------------C h ic a g o , 111., M a y 1978______ ____________________________________
C in c in n a t i, O h io —K y .—I n d ., J u ly 1 9 7 7 1 -----------------------------------C le v e la n d , O h io , S e p t. 1977 1 -------------------- , ------------------------------C o lu m b u s , O h io , O c t . 1 9 7 7 --------------------------------------------------------C o r p u s C h r i s t i , T e x . , J u ly 19 7 8 _______________________________
D a l l a s - F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t . 1 9 7 7 ______________ ____________
D a v e n p o rt—R o c k I s la n d — o lin e , Iow a —111., F e b . 1 9 7 8 ---------M
D a y to n , O h io , D e c . 1977 1-----------------------------------------------------------D a y to n a B e a c h , F l a . , A u g . 1977 1______________________________
D e n v e r —B o u l d e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1977 1__________________________
D e t r o it , M i c h ., M a r . 19 7 8 ______________________________________
F r e s n o , C a l i f . , Jun e 1978 1 -------------------------------------------------------G a i n e s v i l l e , F l a . , S e p t. 1977 1____________ _____________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u ly 1 9 7 7 -------------------------------------------------------G r e e n s b o r o - W i n s t o n - S a l e m — ig h P o in t,
H
N .C ., A u g . 1977 1 ________________________________________________
G r e e n v ille —S p a r ta n b u r g , S .C ., Jun e 1978_____________________
H a r t f o r d , C o n n ., M a r . 1978 1----------------------------------------------------H o u s to n , T e x ., A p r . 1 9 7 8 ________________________________________
H u n t s v ille , A l a . , F e b . 1 9 7 8 -------------------------------------------------------I n d ia n a p o lis , I n d ., O c t . 1 9 7 7 ------------------------------------------------------J a c k s o n , M i s s . , J a n . 1 9 7 8 ______________________________________
J a c k s o n v il le , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 7 7 __________________________________
K a n s a s C it y , M o .—K a n s . , S ep t. 1 9 7 7 ----------------------------------------L o s A n g e le s —L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , O c t . 1 9 7 7 --------------------------L o u i s v i l l e , K y .- I n d ., N o v . 1 9 7 7 1______________________________
M e m p h is , T e n n .—A r k .—M i s s ., N o v . 1 9 7 7 --------------------------------




B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e *
1 9 5 0 -7 0 , 80 c e n ts
1 9 5 0 -5 2 , 80 c e n ts
1 9 5 0 -6 0 ,
2 0 2 5 -2 8 ,
1 9 5 0 -3 9 ,
1 9 5 0 -4 0 ,
2 0 2 5 -1 5 ,
1 9 5 0 -5 0 ,
1 9 5 0 -5 8 ,
2 0 2 5 -2 2 ,
1 9 5 0 -4 4 ,
2 0 2 5 -3 2 ,
1 9 5 0 -4 5 ,
1 9 5 0 -5 3 ,
1 9 5 0 -6 4 ,
2 0 2 5 -2 9 ,
1 9 5 0 -6 5 ,
2 0 2 5 -6 ,
1 9 5 0 -7 1 ,
1 9 5 0 -4 3 ,
1 9 5 0 -7 4 ,
2 0 2 5 -1 1 ,
2 0 2 5 -3 1 ,
1 9 5 0 -4 6 ,
1 9 5 0 -3 6 ,

$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .4 0
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .0 0
80 c e n ts
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .0 0
70 c e n ts
70 c e n ts
$ 1.30
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .4 0
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .2 0
70 ce n ts
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .4 0
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .0 0
70 c e n ts

1 9 5 0 -4 2 ,
2 0 2 5 -3 0 ,
2 0 2 5 -1 4 ,
2 0 2 5 -2 3 ,
2 0 2 5 -4 ,
1 9 5 0 -5 6 ,
2 0 2 5 -1 ,
1 9 5 0 -6 7 ,
1 9 5 0 -5 4 ,
1 9 5 0 -6 1 ,
1 9 5 0 -6 6 ,
1 9 5 0 -6 3 ,

$ 1 .1 0
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .2 0
70 c e n ts
$ 1 .0 0
70 c e n ts
70 c e n ts
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .2 0
70 ce n ts

A rea
M ia m i, F l a . , O c t . 1 9 7 7 ___________ ______________________________
M ilw a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1978 1 _____ ____________ _______________
M in n e a p o lis —St. P a u l, M in n .—W i s . , Jan . 1978 1_____________
N a s s a u - S u f f o lk , N . Y ., June 1978 1_______ _______ _____________
N e w a r k , N .J ., Jan . 1978 1 _______________________________________
N ew O r le a n s , L a ., J a n . 1 9 7 8 .____ ___________ ____ ____________
N ew Y o r k , N .Y ^ -N .J ., M a y 1978 1 ______ ___________ __________
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B e a c h —P o r t s m o u t h , V a .—
N .C ., M a y 1978---------------------------------------------------------------------------N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B e a c h - P o r t s m o u t h and
N e w p o r t N ew s— a m p to n , V a —N .C ., M a y 1978______________
H
N o r t h e a s t P e n n s y lv a n ia , A u g . 1977 1 __________________________
O k la h o m a C it y , O k la ., A u g . 1977 1 ____________________________
O m a h a , N e b r .—Io w a , O c t . 1 9 7 7 1 ______________________________
P a t e r s o n —C lifto n —P a s s a i c , N .J ., June 1978 1________________
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .—N .J ., N o v . 1 9 7 7 ___________________________
P it t s b u r g h , P a ., J a n . 1 9 7 8 ...................................................................
P o r t la n d , M a in e , D e c . 1 9 7 7 ............................................................. .
P o r t la n d , O r e g .—W a s h ., M a y 1978____________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N .Y ., Jun e 1977 _______________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie —K in g s to n r-N e w b u rg h , N .Y ., June 1 9 7 6 _______
P r o v id e n c e - W a r w ic k —P a w t u c k e t , R .I .—
M a s s . , June 1978.............. ...................................................................... .
R ic h m o n d , V a ., June 19 7 8 ______________________________________
St. L o u is , M o .—111., M a r . 1978_________________________________
S a c r a m e n t o , C a lif ., D e c . 1977 1_______________________________
S a g in a w , M i c h ., N o v . 1 9 7 7 ....................................................................
Salt L a k e C ity— g d e n , U tah , N o v . 1 9 7 7 ______________________
O
San A n t o n io , T e x ., M a y 1978__________________________________
San D ie g o , C a lif ., N o v . 1977 1 ______________ ___________________
San F r a n c i s c o —O a k la n d , C a l i f ., M a r . 1978 1 __________________
San J o s e , C a l i f ., M a r . 1978 1 __________________________________
S e a ttle —E v e r e t t , W a s h ., D e c . 1977____________________________
South B e n d , In d ., A u g . 1977 1 __________________________________
T o le d o , O h io— ic h ., M a y 1978 1 ______________________________
M
T r e n t o n , N .J ., S ep t. 1 9 7 7 _______________________________________
U t i c a - R o m e , N .Y ., J u ly 1978__________________________________
W a s h in g to n , D .C .— d .—V a . , M a r . 1978 1 ____________________
M
W ic h it a , K a n s ., A p r . 1978______________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , A p r . 1978 1 _______________________________
Y o r k , P a ., F e b . 1978 1__________________________________________

B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e *
1 9 5 0 -5 7 ,
2 0 2 5 -1 8 ,
2 0 2 5 -2 ,
2 0 2 5 -3 3 ,
2 0 2 5 -7 ,
2 0 2 5 -5 ,
2 0 2 5 -3 5 ,

$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .4 0
$ 1 .4 0
$ 1 .3 0
$ 1 .4 0
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .5 0

2 0 2 5 -2 0 , 70 c e n ts
2 0 2 5 -2 1 ,
1 9 5 0 -3 8 ,
1 9 5 0 -4 9 ,
1 9 5 0 -5 5 ,
2 0 2 5 -3 6 ,
1 9 5 0 -6 2 ,
2 0 2 5 -3 ,
1 9 5 0 -6 9 ,
2 0 2 5 -2 5 ,
1 9 5 0 -2 5 ,
1 9 0 0 -5 5 ,

80 c e n ts
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .1 0
70 ce n ts
$ 1 .0 0
70 ce n ts
55 ce n ts

2 0 2 5 -2 7 ,
2 0 2 5 -2 6 ,
2 0 2 5 -1 3 ,
1 9 5 0 -7 2 ,
1 9 5 0 -5 9 ,
1 9 5 0 -6 8 ,
2 0 2 5 -1 7 ,
1 9 5 0 -7 3 ,
2 0 2 5 -1 0 ,
2 0 2 5 -9 ,
1 9 5 0 -7 5 ,
1 9 5 0 -5 1 ,
2 0 2 5 -2 4 ,
1 9 5 0 -4 7 ,
2 0 2 5 -3 4 ,
2 0 2 5 -1 2 ,
2 0 2 5 -1 6 ,
2 0 2 5 -1 9 ,
2 0 2 5 -8 ,

$ 1 .4 0
80 c e n ts
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .0 0
70 ce n ts
80 ce n ts
70 ce n ts
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1 .4 0
$ 1 .2 0
80 ce n ts
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1 .2 0
70 ce n ts
$ 1.00
$ 1 .4 0
80 c e n ts
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1 .1 0

* Prices are determined by the Government Printing Office and are subject to change.
1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region I

Region II

Region 11
1

Region IV

1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (AreaCode617)

Suite 3400
1515 Broadway
New York, N Y, 10036
Phone 399-5406 (Area Code 212)

3535 Market Street,
P O Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa 19101
Phone 596-1154 (Area Code 215)

Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St., N.E.
Atlanta, Ga 30309
Phone 881-4418 (Area Code 404)

Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Delaware
District of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

R egion V

R egion VI

R eg ion s VII and VIII

R eg ion s IX and X

9th Floor, 230 S Dearborn St
Chicago, III 60604
Phone: 353-1880 (AreaCode312)

Second Floor
555 Griffin Square Building
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 767-69 71 (Area Code 214)

Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St.. 15th Flooi
Kansas City, Mo 64106
Phone 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

450 Golden Gate Ave
8ox36017
San Francisco, Calif 94102
Phone 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Texas

VII

VIII

Iowa
Kansas
Missouri
Nebraska

Colorado
Montana
North Dakota
South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming

IX
Arizona
California
Hawaii
Nevada

Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
Wisconsin




X
Alaska
Idaho
Oregon
Washington


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102