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. 3

<6

:

Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth
and Newport News—Hampton,
Virginia—North Carolina,
Metropolitan Areas, May 1978

Area
Wage
Survey
Bulletin 2025-21

Gloucester

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics

.«£$$$ftiamsburg

- $>\>v

^




>

^
A v

^a> „ N
X
aNewport News

Hampton
Norfolk

Portsmouth
Virginia Beach

North Carolina

Preface
T h is b u lle tin p r o v id e s r e s u lts o f a M a y 1978 s u r v e y o f o c c u p a t io n a l
e a r n in g s in the N o rfo lk —V ir g in ia B e a c h -P o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t N e w s H am pton , V ir g in ia ^ N o r th C a r o lin a , S tandard M e t r o p o lit a n S t a tis tic a l A r e a .
T h e s u r v e y w as m a d e as p a rt o f the B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s ' annual a r e a
w age su rv ey p ro g ra m .
It w a s c o n d u cte d b y the B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o f f i c e
in P h ila d e lp h ia , P a ., u n d e r the g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n o f Irw in L . F e ig e n b a u m ,
A s s is t a n t R e g io n a l C o m m is s io n e r f o r O p e r a t io n s .
T h e s u r v e y c o u ld not h ave
b e e n a c c o m p lis h e d w ith ou t the c o o p e r a t io n o f th e m a n y f i r m s w h o s e w a g e and
s a la r y d a ta p r o v id e d the b a s is f o r the s t a t is t ic a l in fo r m a tio n in th is b u lle tin .
T h e B u re a u w is h e s to e x p r e s s s in c e r e a p p r e c ia tio n f o r th e c o o p e r a t io n
r e c e iv e d .
M a te r ia l in th is p u b lic a tio n is in the p u b lic d o m a in and m a y be
r e p r o d u c e d w ith ou t p e r m is s io n o f the F e d e r a l G o v e r n m e n t.
P le a s e c r e d i t




the B u re a u
p u b lic a tio n .

of

Labor

S t a tis tic s

and

c it e

th e

n am e

and

num ber

of

th is

Note:
C u rre n t r e p o r t s on o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s in the N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia
B e a ch —P o r ts m o u th and N e w p o r t N ew s—H a m p ton a r e a s a r e a v a ila b le f o r the
m o v in g and s t o r a g e (M a y 1978) and la u n d r y and d r y c le a n in g (M a y 1978)
in d u s t r ie s .
A ls o a v a ila b le f o r the N o r f o lk a r e a a re lis t in g s o f u n ion w a g e
r a te s f o r b u ild in g t r a d e s , p rin tin g t r a d e s , l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t in g e m p lo y e e s ,
l o c a l t r u c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s , and g r o c e r y s t o r e e m p lo y e e s .
F r e e c o p ie s
o f th e s e a re a v a ila b le f r o m the B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o f f i c e s .
(S e e b a c k c o v e r
f o r a d d r e s s e s .)

Area
Wage
Survey

Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth
and Newport News—Hampton,
Virginia—North Carolina,
Metropolitan Areas, May 1978

U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Julius Shiskin, Commissioner
July 1978

C o n te n ts

Page

Bulletin 2025- 21

I n t r o d u c t io n _________________________________________

2

T a b le s :
A.

E a rn in g s , a ll esta b lish m en ts:
A - l . W eek ly ea rn in gs o f o ffic e w o r k e r s __ 3
A - 2 . W eek ly ea rn in gs o f p r o fe s s io n a l
and te ch n ica l w o r k e r s ______________ 5
A - 3 . A v e ra g e w e ek ly earn ings o f
o f fic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and
te c h n ica l w o r k e r s , by s e x _________ 6
A - 4. H ou rly ea rn in gs o f m a in ten a n ce,
to o lr o o m , and pow erp la n t
w o r k e r s ______________________________
7
A - 5. H ou rly ea rn in gs o f m a te r ia l
m o v e m e n t and cu sto d ia l w o r k e r s __ 8
A - 6. A v e ra g e h o u rly earn ings o f
m a in ten a n ce, to o lr o o m , p o w e rplant, m a te r ia l m ov em en t, and
cu sto d ia l w o r k e r s , by s e x __________ 10
A - l . P e r c e n t in c r e a s e s in a vera ge
h ou rly ea rn in g s , adjusted fo r
em p loy m en t sh ifts, fo r s e le c te d
o ccu p a tio n a l g r o u p s _________________ 11

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S.
Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402, GPO
Bookstores, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover.




A p p en d ix A .
A p p en d ix B .

S cop e and m eth od o f s u r v e y _________ 13
O ccu p a tio n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ____________ 17

Introduction
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 75 in w h ic h th e U .S . D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r 's B u re a u
o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s c o n d u c ts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s and r e la t e d
b e n e f it s . (S ee lis t o f a r e a s on in s id e b a c k c o v e r . ) In e a c h a r e a , o c c u p a t io n a l
e a r n in g s data ( A - s e r i e s t a b le s ) a re c o l l e c t e d a n n u a lly . I n fo r m a tio n on e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e fit s ( B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) is
o b ta in e d e v e r y th ir d y e a r . T h is r e p o r t h as n o B - s e r i e s t a b le s .

E a c h y e a r a ft e r a ll in d iv id u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s h a v e b e e n c o m ­
p le t e d , tw o s u m m a r y b u lle tin s a r e is s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b r in g s t o g e t h e r data
f o r e a c h m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; th e s e c o n d p r e s e n t s n a tio n a l and
r e g io n a l e s t im a t e s , p r o je c t e d f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a d a ta , f o r
a ll S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a s in th e U n ited S t a te s , e x c lu d in g
A la s k a and H a w a ii.

A m a j o r c o n s id e r a t io n in th e a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is th e n e e d
to d e s c r i b e th e l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r ie t y o f la b o r m a r k e t s ,
th ro u g h th e a n a ly s is o f (1) th e l e v e l and d is t r ib u t io n o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t io n ,
and (2) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t io n a l c a t e g o r y and s k ill l e v e l . T h e
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p s in fo r m a t io n that m a y b e u s e d f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s , in clu d in g
w a g e and s a la r y a d m in is t r a t io n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a in in g , and a s s i s t a n c e in
d e t e r m in in g p la n t lo c a t io n . S u r v e y r e s u lt s a ls o a r e u se d b y th e U .S . D e p a r t­
m e n t o f L a b o r to m a k e w a g d d e t e r m in a tio n s u n d e r th e S e r v ic e C o n tr a c t A c t
o f 1965.




A - s e r i e s ta b le s
T a b le s A - l th ro u g h A - 6 p r o v id e e s t im a t e s o f s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly
o r h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r w o r k e r s in o c c u p a t io n s c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y o f
m a n u fa ctu rin g and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g i n d u s t r ie s . F o r th e 31 la r g e s t s u r v e y
a r e a s , ta b le s A - 8 th rou g h A - 13 p r o v id e s i m i l a r data f o r e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e .
T a b le A - 7 p r o v id e s p e r c e n t c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s
o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s , e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g w o r k e r s , in d u s t r ia l
n u r s e s , s k ille d m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s w o r k e r s , and u n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s .
W h e r e p o s s ib le , data a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s and f o r m a n u fa c ­
tu rin g and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g s e p a r a t e ly . D ata a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d f o r s k ille d
m a in te n a n ce w o r k e r s in n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g b e c a u s e the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s
e m p lo y e d in th is o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p in n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g is t o o s m a ll t o
w a r r a n t s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta t io n .
T h is ta b le p r o v id e s a m e a s u r e o f w a g e
tr e n d s a ft e r e lin im a tio n o f ch a n g e s in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s c a u s e d b y e m p lo y ­
m e n t s h ifts a m on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts as w e ll as t u r n o v e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts
in c lu d e d in s u r v e y s a m p le s . F o r f u r t h e r d e t a ils , s e e a p p e n d ix A.
A p p e n d ix e s
A p p en d ix A d e s c r i b e s th e m e th o d s and c o n c e p t s u s e d in th e a r e a
w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m and p r o v id e s in fo r m a t io n on the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
A p p en d ix B p r o v id e s jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s
m i s t s to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s b y o c c u p a t io n .

u s e d b y B u r e a u f ie ld e c o n o ­

A.

E a r n in g s

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Norfolk—
Virginia Beach —Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va. —N.C., May 1978
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Oc cup ati on and i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

Nu m b e r of w o r k e r s r ec ei v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e kl y earnings of—
90

100

110

120

130

mo

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

290

250

270

290

310

330

110

120

130

190

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

290

250

270

290

310

330

350

107
29
78

1 02

29

97
19
33

30
19

and
under
100

ALL WORKERS
$

S E CR ET AR IE S -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONHANUFACTURING --------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S —
SECRETARIES.

8 28
333
995
89

39.5
39.0

1 8 2 .0 0
1 9 5 .5 0
1 7 2 .5 0
2 1 3 .5 0

1 72 .5 0
1 90 .00
1 61 .00
2 06 .00

1 5 0 .0 0 1 6 9 .5 0 1 9 9 .0 0 1 7 5 .0 0 -

2 03.50
221.00
1 9 0 .0 0
273.50

CLASS A -

33

2 3 1 .0 0

2 30 .0 0 2 0 0 . 0 0 -

196
63

39.5
90.0
39.5

1 9 8 .5 0
2 2 3 .5 0
1 7 9 .0 0

1 98 .00 1 5 0 . 0 0 2 15 .0 0 1 9 1 . 5 0 1 70 .0 0 1 5 0 . 0 0 -

3 37
169
168
92

39.5
39.5
39.5
90.0

1 7 9 .0 0 1 75 .0 0
1 91 .0 0 1 8 6 .5 0
1 6 7 .0 0 1 61 .0 0
1 9 1 .0 0 190 .00

, class d m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S - -

292
89
203
37

3 9 . 0 1 7 0 .0 0
3 9 . 0 1 7 6 .5 0
3 9 . 0 1 6 7 .0 0
3 8 . 5 2 3 7 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS ------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S —
STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL
NONMANUFACTURING --------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S —

15
12

27
5
22
20

12

218.00
2 5 9 .0 0
200.00

S E C R E T A R I E S . CLASS C MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S —

97
91

259.50

S E C R E T A R I E S . CLASS B MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------

25
3

25

s e c r e ta r ie s

STENOGRAPHERS.

199.50
208.00
183.00
206.00

1 57 .5 0
1 67 .5 0
1 59 .0 0
2 7 3 .5 0

1 9 1 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0 1 3 8 .0 0 1 7 5 .0 0 -

183*50
216.00
1 7 0 .5 0
273.50

189
39
150

9 0 . 0 1 7 0 .0 0 1 51 .50
9 0 . 0 1 7 3 .5 0 1 71 .5 0
3 9 . 5 1 6 9 .5 0 1 95 .5 0
3 9 . 5 2 3 0 .5 0 2 2 9 .0 0

1 3 6 .0 0 1 9 9 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 8 1 .5 0 -

188.00
201.00
176.00
283.00

198
123

39.5
39.5
39.5

1 6 3 .5 0 1 90 .00 1 3 5 . 0 0 1 6 9 .5 0 19 0 .0 0 1 3 5 . 0 0 2 9 1 . 5 0 2 7 9 .5 0 2 0 9 . 5 0 -

167.00
163.50
286.00

90.0
90.0

1 9 5 .0 0
1 9 2 .0 0

1 89 .5 0 1 7 3 . 0 0 1 75 .5 0 1 7 3 . 0 0 -

209.00
196.50

3 9 . 0 1 9 5 .0 0
3 9 . 5 1 5 2 .5 0
3 9 . 0 1 9 1 .0 0
3 9 . 0 1 6 1 .0 0

1 38 .0 0
1 38 .0 0
1 37 .0 0
15 0.50

1 2 5 .0 0 1 2 9 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 9 9 .0 0 -

1 5 0 .0 0
198.50
150.00
177.00

29
37

90.0
39.5

1 5 5 .5 0
1 9 9 .5 0

1 90 .5 0 1 3 0 . 0 0 1 95 .00 1 3 9 . 0 0 -

198.50
165.00

25
7

29

1 2 0 .0 0 137 .00 1 2 1 . 0 0 1 36 .00 1 2 0 . 0 0 1 98 .00 1 9 0 . 5 0 -

150.00
160.00
1 50.00
190.50

36

32

6

10

117.50
117.00

SENIOR
---------

27

T Y P I S T S ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S —

301
105
196
58

T Y P I S T S . CLASS A -----------NONMANUFACTURING ---------

99

non m an ufac tur in g

99

1 6 0 .0 0 1 7 0 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0 1 7 5 .0 0 -

T Y P I S T S . CLASS B -----------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONHANUFACTURING --------PU B LI C U T I L I T I E S —

161
50

38.5
38.5
39.0

1 9 0 .0 0
1 93 .0 0
1 3 9 .0 0
1 6 1 .5 0

F I L E CLERKS ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------

160
159

39.5
39.5

1 1 9 .0 0 1 09 .5 0 1 0 6 . 0 0 1 1 3 .0 0 1 09 .5 0 1 0 6 . 0 0 -

F I L E CL ER KS . CLASS C NONMANUFACTURING ----------

138
136

39.5
39.5

1 1 2 .5 0
1 1 2 .5 0

1 3 6 .0 0

1 08 .0 0 1 0 6 . J O - 1 1 6 . 00
116.00
1 08 .0 0 1 0 6 . 0 0 -

10

39

25

21

10

13

7
19

27
26

12

39
7
91

8
26

20
20

17
5

20

1
26

32
32

12

12
12

36

17

12
12
12

26

1

29
10

39
8

10

30

19
19
79
78

S ee fo o t n o t e s a t en d o f ta b le s .




21

35
26

3

35
3
32
15

28
2

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va.—N.C., May 1978— Continued
"^"^eekl^earning^^™
(standard)
N
Occupation and i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

U.
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard]

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r ec ei v in g s t r a ig h t -t i m e wee kly earnings of---$

S

Mean2

Median 2

*

s

*

s

s

%

S

1

$

1

$

$

*

%

t

%

%

*

s

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

21 0

220

230

240

2 50

270

290

310

330

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

2 20

230

240

250

2 70

290

310

330

350

11
6

90
Middle range 2

17
14

5
5

1
1

3
3

~

“

"

1
1

“

-

“

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

5
5

17
15

20
18

19
17

13
11

3
2

8
7

5
3

1
“

1
~

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

-

8
6
2

“

4
2
2

_

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

_
-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

~

1
“

“

~

“

1
~

1

-

-

-

-

-

~

_

-

~

1
1
1

and
100

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
HESSEN6ERS -----------------------------------------------------------NONNANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

39
31

39.5
40.0

$
1 2 0 .5 0
1 2 4 .0 0

$
$
$
1 1 0 .0 0 1 0 8 . 5 0 - 1 2 4 . 0 0
1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 0 . 0 0 - 1 2 7 . 0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS --------------------------------NONNANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

96
82

39.0
39.0

133.00
1 3 0 .0 0

1 30 .0 0
1 2 8 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T S NANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONNANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

204
50
154

39.5
39.5
39.5

132.00
1 4 6 .0 0
1 2 7 .5 0

1 2 6 .0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0 - 1 3 7 * 5 0
1 3 7 .5 0 1 2 7 . 5 0 - 1 5 7 . 0 0
1 2 2 .5 0 1 2 0 . 0 0 - 1 2 7 . 0 0

-

32
1
31

13
6
7

88
6
82

24
14
10

13
10
3

10

7
3
4

“

5
2
3

ORDER CLERKS ------------------------------------------------------NONNANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

78
72

39 . 0
3 9.0

117.00
113.00

1 0 6 .0 0 1 0 6 . 0 0 - 1 2 5 . 5 0
1 0 6 .0 0 1 0 6 . 0 0 - 1 1 9 . 0 0

12
12

37
37

6
5

6
6

1
1

11
11

2
“

“

-

2

c l e r k s , c l a s s b --------------------------NONNANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

61
56

40.0
4 0 .0

1 2 0 .0 0
116.50

1 0 6 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0

1 0 6 .0 0 -1 3 9 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0 -1 2 6 .0 0

-

35
35

6
5

4
4

1
1

11
11

2
“

”

-

ACCOUNTING CLERKS ------------------------------------------NANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONNANUFACTURING -------------------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

655
254
401
85

3 9.5
3 9.5
3 9.5
3 9.5

1 5 7 .5 0
1 6 7 .0 0
1 5 1 .0 0
157.00

1 4 9 .0 0
1 54 .5 0
1 4 6 .0 0
1 47 .5 0

1 29 .00 -1 76 .00
1 2 7 .5 0 -1 9 0 .0 0
1 29 .50 -1 70 .00
1 3 7 .5 0 -1 6 7 .0 0

-

16
10
6
~

74
24
50
5

77
31
46
7

77
29
48
14

90
26
64
19

68
24
44
13

52
10
42
11

52
11
41
1

34
18
16
“

36
13
23
6

17
9
8
i

14
7
7
2

16
13
3
3

ACCOUNTING CLERK S. CLASS A --------------NANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONNANUFACTURING -------------------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

196
95
101
36

39.5
4 0.0
3 9.0
3 9.0

1 9 1 .0 0
215.50
1 6 8 .5 0
1 8 2 .0 0

1 8 6 .0 0 1 5 6 . 0 0 - 2 1 5 . 5 0
2 1 4 .0 0 1 8 6 . 0 0 - 2 4 6 . 0 0
1 67 .00 1 4 0 . 5 0 - 1 8 6 . 0 0
1 6 7 .0 0 1 5 4 . 0 0 - 2 0 0 . 5 0

-

-

5

“

5
“

4
4
"

10
1
9
“

19
3
16
6

16
5
11
7

12
1
11
7

24
8
16
1

20
13
7
~

15
9
6
6

ii
6
5
1

12
7
5
2

16
13
3
3

-

-

-

-

1
1
1

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS B -------------NANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONNANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

4 59
159
300

39.5
39.5
4 0 .0

1 4 3 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 2 4 . 0 0 - 1 5 9 . 0 0
1 3 8 .5 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0 - 1 5 3 . 5 0
1 4 5 .5 0 1 4 1 .5 0 1 2 6 . 0 0 - 1 6 5 . 0 0

”

16
10
6

69
24
45

73
31
42

67
28
39

71
23
48

52
19
33

40
9
31

28
3
25

14
5
9

21
4
17

6
3
3

2
2

_
-

-

_
-

_

_

_
-

_
_

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

BOOKKEEPING-HACHINE OPERATORS ------------

32

3 9.5

153.00

1 4 6 .0 0

1 38 .0 0 -1 6 5 .0 0

-

-

-

2

7

10

1

5

-

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

NACHINE B IL L E R S ------------------------------------------------

25

4 0 .0

140.00

1 44 .00

1 44 .0 0 -1 4 4 .0 0

-

-

-

6

-

14

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

3

9
7
2

7
1
6

1
i
“

14
11
3

3
3
“

5
3
2

6
5
1

4
2
2

6
4
2

-

_

_

_

_

~

-

~

_
"

-

3

14
9
5

95
5

70
14

60
15

62
12

53
6

44
24

15
5

11
11

5
5

7
4

4
4

20
20

“

1
1

2
2

~

2

16
4

13
6

4
2

19
17

20
12

14
10

11

5

7
3

-

1

2

-

~

-

2

8

10

4

16

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

o r de r

1 18 .50 -1 48 .00
1 16 .5 0 -1 4 2 .5 0

4
4

PAYROLL CLERKS -------------------------------------------------NANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONNANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

75
47
28

39.0
39.5
37.5

1 5 9 .5 0
1 6 6 .0 0
1 4 9 .0 0

1 60 .0 0 1 3 0 . 0 0 - 1 8 6 . 0 0
1 61 .0 0 1 3 5 . 5 0 - 1 8 9 . 0 0
1 4 0 .0 0 1 2 1 . 5 0 - 1 6 9 . 0 0

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS -------------------------------------NANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

531
130

38.5
40.0

1 3 9 .0 0
1 6 9 .5 0

1 3 3 .5 0
1 60 .0 0

115.50-152*00
1 3 8 .00 -1 98 .00

10

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS A --------NONNANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

153
69

40.0
40.0

166.00
1 4 6 .0 0

1 6 1 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0

133 .00 -1 92 .00
1 2 4 .00 -1 65 -00

-

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS BI
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

46

4 0 .0

1 4 6 .0 0

1 4 7 .5 0

1 35 .5 0 -1 6 0 .0 0

-

2
72
2
15
15

2

"
3

See footnotes at end of tables.




4

-

-

-

4

20

-

-

4
2
2
2

11
11
-

_
-

8
8
-

8
8
-

-

-

"

-

4
2
2
2

11
11
-

_
-

8
8
-

8
8
-

_

-

"

-

-

-

'

-

-

-

1

-

“

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Norfolk—
Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and
Newport News—Hampton, Va.—N.C., May 1978
^^Weddy^arnlng^^™
(standard)
Number
of
workers

Oc cup ati on and i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s re c e i v i n g s t r a ig h t -t i m e we e kl y earnings of—
"*

t

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

i

t

$

s

f*

%

*

i

*

t

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

210

230

250

270

290

310

3 30

350

370

390

410

430

450

140

150

160

170

180

190

210

230

250

270

290

310

330

3 50

370

390

410

4 30

4 50

470

9

11

14

20

36

23

24

11

7

4

2

1

-

120

6

18

11

19

11

7

3

1

1

13

5

12

11

2

-

-

1

1

-

and
under
130

ALL WORKERS
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S I N E S S ) -----------------------------------------------------------

172

4 0.0

$
$
$
320*00 3 23 .00 2 8 5 . 5 0 - 3 5 2 . 5 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS A ------------------------------

77

4 0.0

3 5 4 .5 0

3 52 .00 3 2 3 . 0 0 - 3 7 5 * 0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS B ------------------------------

45

40.0

3 1 9 .0 0

3 21 .5 0 2 8 5 . 5 0 - 3 4 5 . 5 0

-

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS C ------------------------------

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

50

4 0.0

267.50

2 64 .50 2 4 5 . 0 0 - 3 0 8 . 0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

-

9

11

1

9

6

1

3

-

-

-

-

-

-------

98

40.0

2 4 8 .0 0

2 53 .00 2 0 1 . 5 0 - 2 8 3 . 5 0

-

-

-

-

1

5

10

10

10

10

17

18

5

9

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS B -------------------------------------------------------------

-

-

1

9

10

13

7

2

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

4
2
2

_

_

_

_

-

-

1
1

2
2

_

-

1
1

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

2
2

_

-

1
1

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S )

43

39.5

2 5 0 . 5 0 2 51 .5 0 2 3 0 . 0 0 - 2 6 3 . 0 0

-

-

-

-

-

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS C -------------------------------------------------------------

26

49.0

1 8 7 .5 0

1 86 .5 0 1 8 6 . 5 0 - 1 9 6 . 0 0

-

-

-

-

I

5

10

9

i

COMPUTER OPERATORS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

221
64
157

40.0
39.5
40.0

1 7 9 .5 0
1 9 7 .5 0
1 7 2 .5 0

17 0.00 1 5 2 . 0 0 - 1 9 5 . 0 0
19 0.00 1 6 5 . 0 0 - 2 0 5 . 0 0
167.50 1 5 2 . 0 0 - 1 8 8 . 5 0

1
1

5
1
4

32
5
27

28
8
20

41
9
32

30
2
28

14
6
8

38
19
19

14
4
10

10
3
7

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B -----------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

101
36
65

3 9 . 5 1 9 4 .0 0
3 9 .5 2 0 3 . 0 0
4 0 . 0 1 8 8 .5 0

18 8.00 1 6 7 . 5 0 - 2 0 6 . 0 0
18 8.00 1 6 5 . 0 0 - 2 1 0 . 5 0
18 8.00 1 7 0 . 0 0 - 2 0 1 . 5 0

“

i
i
~

3
1
2

6
6
-

20
6
14

12
1
11

12
4
8

27
8

8
3
5

9
3
6

_

19

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS C -----------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

104
84

4 0.0
40.0

1 5 9 .5 0
1 5 4 .5 0

157.50 1 4 4 . 0 0 - 1 7 0 . 0 0
152 .00 1 4 3 . 0 0 - 1 6 7 . 0 0

1
“

4
4

29
25

22
20

21
18

17
17

-

-

-

-

-

DRAFTERS -----------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

174
111

39.5
4 0.0

2 4 4 . 5 0 2 37 .0 0 2 0 6 . 0 0 - 2 9 4 . 0 0
2 2 6 . 5 0 2 21 .0 0 1 8 6 . 0 0 - 2 6 9 * 5 0

1
1

5
5

1
1

6
6

3
3

6
6

8
7

18
11

31
20

23
17

14
9

14
6

17
17

2
2

20
-

5
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

7

-

-

20

-

5

-

-

-

-

49
27

8C
31

95
63

92
14

27
5

1
1

_

_

_

-

1
1

_

-

-

-

9

_
-

DR AF TE R S.

CLASS B --------------------------------------

94

39.5

2 5 5 .5 0 2 39 .5 0 2 1 0 . 0 0 - 3 3 0 . 0 0

-

-

-

-

-

5

6

12

20

10

drafters,

class

--------------------------------------

36

39.5

1 9 7 .0 0

1 98 .5 0 1 6 7 . 0 0 - 2 1 8 . 0 0

-

1

-

6

3

1

2

6

11

6

E LE C TR ON IC S T E C H N I C IA N S ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------n o n m anufactur in g:
P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

559
211

40.0
40.0

2 6 7 . OC 27 6 .5 0 2 2 9 . 0 0 - 2 9 9 . 0 0
2 6 9 .5 0 2 76 .0 0 2 4 5 . 0 0 - 2 9 7 . 5 0

-

6

-

-

-

10

9

“

48
30

73
10

68
29

111

40.0

243*00 24 0 .5 0 2 1 2 . 0 0 - 2 8 3 . 5 0

-

7

31

12

6

15

15

8

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

E LE C TR ON IC S T E C H N I C I A N S . CLASS A MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

90
53
37
28

4 0.0
39.5
40.0
40.0

3 0 3 . 0 0 2 9 9 .0 0
3 0 4 .0 0 3 01 .5 0
3 0 1 .0 0 2 99 .0 0
3 0 5 .0 0 2 99 .0 0

20
13
7
3

33
14
19
15

22
14
8
8

7
5
2
2

1
1

_

-

_

-

-

1
1

-

-

~

6
5
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

EL EC TR O N IC S T E C H N I C I A N S . CLASS 8 NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

184
68

40.0
40.0

2 6 4 .0 0 2 65 .50 2 4 2 . 0 0 - 2 9 7 . 5 0
2 4 4 . 5 0 2 42 .0 0 221 . 0 0 - 2 6 5 . 0 0

30
12

52
3

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

EL EC TR O N IC S T E C H N I C I A N S . CLASS C NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

75
33
29

40.0 201.00
4 0 . 0 1 9 1 .0 0
4 0 . 0 1 8 7 .0 0

R EG IS TE R ED IN D U S TR I A L NURSES --------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------------

32
30

40.0
4 0.0

_

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

c

6

-

-

2 06 .0 0 1 9 6 . 5 0 - 2 1 2 . 0 0
1 94 .00 1 8 4 . 0 0 - 2 1 2 . 0 0
1 87 .00 1 8 4 . 0 0 - 2 0 8 . 0 0

2 3 0 .0 0 2 2 5 .0 0 1 9 8 . 0 0 - 2 6 0 . 5 0
2 2 5 .5 0 2 1 3 .5 0 1 9 8 . 0 0 - 2 5 6 . 5 0

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

6
6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

9

-

_

-

9
9
9
_

-

-

_

-

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




-

2 87 .50 -3 12 .50
2 87 .0 0 -3 1 7 .5 0
2 98 .00 -3 11 .50
2 9 8 .00 -3 12 .03

5

1
1

1
1

-

25
25

44
17

33
11

38
8
7

18
8
6

4
2
1

_

11
11

3
3

3
3

11
11

~

-

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex, in Norfolk—
Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, Va.—N.C., May 1978
Average
(mean*)

39.5

$
1 2 1 .5 0

HEN

MESSENGERS ----------------------------------------------

27

Sex, 3 occupation, and i nd us tr y divi si on

OF FI CE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED
F I L E CLERKS -

CONTINUED
39.5
39.5

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

95
82

39.0
39.0

SWITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N IS T S MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

204
50
154

39.5
39.5
39.5

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
$
1( B U S IN E S S ) - CONTINUED
1 1 2 .5 0
1 1 2 .5 0 I COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS A -----------------------------1 3 3 .0 0
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
1 3 0 .0 0
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS B -----------------------------1 3 2 .0 0
1 4 6 .0 0
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
1 2 7 .5 0
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS C ------------------------------

ORDER CLERKS ------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

72
66

39.5
39.0

1 1 8 .5 0
1 1 4 .0 0

ORDER CL ERK S. CLASS B --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

61
56

40.0
40.0

1 2 0 .0 0
1 16 .5 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

6 37
248
389
79

39.5
39.5
3 9 .5
39.5

1 5 6 .0 0
1 6 6 .0 0
1 50 .0 0
1 5 1 .5 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

182
89
93
31

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.0

1 8 9 .0 0
2 1 5 .5 0
1 6 3 .5 0
1 7 2 .0 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

455
159
296

39.5
39.5
40.0

1 4 3 .0 0
1 3 8 .5 0
1 4 5 .5 0

32

39.5

1 5 3 .0 0

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS C MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------P UB LI C U T I L I T I E S —

336
169
167
42

3 9.5
39.5
39.5
4 0.0

1 7 9 .0 0
1 9 1 .0 0
1 6 7 .0 0
1 9 1 .0 0

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS 0 MANUFACTURING ----------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S —

292
89
203
37

3 9 . 0 1 7 0 .0 0
3 9 . 0 1 7 6 .5 0
3 9 . 0 1 6 7 .0 0
38.5 237.00

STENOGRAPHERS ------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S —

183
39
144
35

40.0
40.0
39.5
39.5

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL
NONMANUFACTURING ---------P UB LI C U T I L I T I E S —

142
117
25

3 9 . 5 1 5 8 .5 0
3 9 . 5 1 5 8 .5 0
39.5 232.00

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS -----------MACHINE B IL L E R S -----------------------------------------------

25

40.0

1 4 0 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS. SENIOR
NONMANUFACTURING ----------

41
27

4 0.0
40.0

1 9 5 .0 0
1 9 2 .0 0

PAYROLL CLERKS -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

73
45
28

39.0
39.5
37.5

1 5 9 .0 0
1 6 5 .5 0
1 4 9 .0 0

T Y P I S T S ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S —

296
102
194
58

39.0
39.5
39.0
39 . 0

1 9 5 .0 0
1 5 3 .0 0
1 4 1 .0 0
1 6 1 .0 0

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

531
130

38.5
40.0

1 39 .0 0
1 6 9 .5 0

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS A --------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

153
69

40.0
40.0

1 6 6 .0 0
1 4 6 .0 0

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS BZ
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

46

40.0

1 4 6 .0 0

T Y P I S T S . CLASS 8 ------------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S —
F I L E CLERKS ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------

202
41
161
50
159
154

38.5
38.5
38.5
39.0
39.5
39.5

1 6 6 .5 0
1 7 3 .5 0
1 6 4 .5 0
221.50

1 5 6 .5 0
1 5 0 .5 0
1 4 0 .0 0
1 43 .0 0
1 3 9 .0 0
1 6 1 .5 0
114.00
1 1 3 .0 0

S ee f o o t n o t e s




41

4 0 .0

267.50

48

3 9.5

262.50

COMPUTER OPERATORS ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

147
44
103

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B -----------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

59
36

3 9.5
40.0

206.50
197.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS C -----------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

77
62

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 63.00
156.50

DRAFTERS ------------------------------------------------------------------

160

39.5

2 51.50

CLASS B --------------------------------------

91

3 9.5

2 57.00

ELE CT RO NI CS T E C H N I C IA N S ---------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------no n m a nufa c tur in g:
P UB LI C U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

551
209

4 0.0
40.0

268.50
2 69.50

105

249.00

4 0 .0
39.5
4 0 .0
4 0.0

3 03.00
304.00
301.00
305.00

D R AFT ERS .

EL EC TRO NI CS T E C H N I C I A N S . CLASS A MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

90
53
37
28

EL EC TR ON ICS T E C H N I C I A N S . CLASS B NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

182
68

145

6

2 64.00
244.50

PROFESSIONAL AND T EC HNI CAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) -----------------------------------------------------------

27

COMPUTER OPERATORS ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

74
54

169.00
168.50

42
29

1 76.00
178.00

| COMPUTER OPERATORS.

a t en d o f t a b l e s .

4 0 .0 185.00
3 9 .5 2 10.00
4 0 .0 174.50

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B -----------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

PROFESSIONAL a n d t e c h n i c a l
OCCUPATIONS - HEN

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S I N E S S ) ---------------------------------

3 25.00

o o
o o

1 9 8 .5 0
2 2 3 .5 0
1 7 9 .0 0

$
3 56.00

-------

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S )

o o
o o

39.5
4 0.0
39.5

40.0
39.5

35

2 3 1 .0 0

146
63
83

94
33

69

o

1 8 2 .0 0
1 9 5 .5 0
1 7 2 .5 0
213.50

137
136

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS B MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------

T Y P I S T S . CLASS A ------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------

AND TE CH NI CA L
MEN— CONTINUED

o

33

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.0

Weekly
Weekly
earning!1
hours*
(standard) (standard)

ft

CLASS A -

8 27
333
A 94
84

o
o

S E C R E T A R IE S .

PROFESSIONAL
OCCUPATIONS -

F I L E CLE RKS . CLASS C -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

WOMEN

SEC RET ARI ES -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING --------P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S —

Sex, 3 occupation, and in d u s t r y d iv i si o n

O
O

O F F I C E OCCUPATIONS -

Weekly
Weekly
earnings1
hours
(standard) (standard)

O
o

OCCUPATIONS -

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

Average
(mean2)
Number
of
workers

*

OFFICE

Weekh
r
hours
(standard)

Average
(mean2)
Number
of
woikers

o «
O V
*

S e x , 1 occupation, and i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

Number
of
workers

40.0

3 2 3 .5 0

3 9.5

300.50

CLASS C ------------

27

40.0

150.50

REGIS TERED IN D U S TR I A L NURSES --------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

31
29

40.0
4 0 .0

229.00
224.50

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in Norfolk—
Virginia Beach—
Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, Va.—N.C., May 1978
Hourly earnings 4
N

Occupation and in d u s tr y d iv i si o n

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r ec ei v in g s t r a ig h t -t i m e h o u r ly earning s of------s

of

w
orkers

Mean2 Median 2

Middle range 2

*

S

*

3.90

$
3.50

t

3 .3 0

l

3.60

3.70

3.80

*
9.00

9.20

$
*
9.90 9 .60

9.80

5.20

s
5.60

$
6.00

S
$
6. 90 6 . 8 0

$
7.20

$
7.60

s
8.00

$
$
8 .9 0 8 .8 0

$
s
9 .2 0 9 . 6

3.50

3 .6 0

3.70

3.80

9.00

9.20

9.90

9.60 9.80

5.20

5. 60 6 . 0 0

6.90

6. 80 7 . 2 0

7 .60

8.00

8.90

8 . 8 0 9 .2 0

9.60 10 .0

$

s

and
under
3 .9 0

ALL UORKFRS
$
6 .9 2
6.99

$

80
31

$
6.88
6.44

$

MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS ------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

6 .6 1 5 .9 9 -

7.31
6 .6 1

MAINTENANCE E L E C T R I C I A N S -------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------P UB LI C U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

399
319
80
70

7.87
7.86
7.92
8.09

7 .6 2
7 .2 3
7 .7 5
7 .8 2

6 .4 4 6 .9 9 7.6 2 7 .6 2 -

9 .5 8
9 .5 8
8 .5 7
8 .5 7

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

1
1

-

1
1

97

6.86

7 .0 0

6 .4 4 -

7 .2 6

199

8.26

9 .5 8

7 .0 7 -

9 .5 8

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

5

-

-

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MA CH IN ER Y)
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

323
271
52
93

6.95
6.15
7.97
8.06

6.93
6.29
7.82
7.82

5 .7 0 5 .6 1 7 .6 7 7 .8 2 -

6 .9 1
6 .5 5
8 .5 7
8 .5 7

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

-

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-»

-

-

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR V E H I C L E S ) -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------

228
69
169
119

6.48
5.97
6.68
6.61

6 .6 7
5.32
6.88
6 .7 0

5.2 59.6 86 .3 1 6 .3 1 -

7 .0 7
5 .9 9
7.31
7. 07

_

-

~

MAINTENANCE P I P E F I T T E R S ---------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

102
91

7.33
7.28

6 .6 1
6 .6 1

6 .4 4 6 .4 4 -

8. 97
9 .3 6

-

-

38

7.23

6 .6 1

6 .6 1 -

7 .6 2

-

-

-

“

-

-

WORKERS -

MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPERS --------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------P UB LI C U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

95
32
30

5.05
5.52
5.56

4 .9 9
4 .9 9
9 .9 9

3 .9 5 4 .9 9 4 .9 9 -

6. 91
6 .9 1
6. 91

S TA TIO NAR Y EN GINEERS -----------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

’9
69

7.00
6 .92

6 .4 4
6.44

6 .2 9 5 .8 7 -

31
31

5.57
5.57

9 .5 9
9 .5 9

3 .9 4 3 .9 4 -

6. 01
6 .0 1

-

15
15

30
2

21
1

“

7
7

32
30
2

23
23
-

69
60
4

27
27
-

25
18
7
3

38
5
33
33

“

1

“

“

2
2
-

35
1
39
39

-

-

2
2
193
193
“

12
12

2

-

11

12

6

-

1

-

-

6

4

13

4

22

4

9

25

4

5

-

109

55
55

37
37

57
57

67
63
4
4

97
96
1
1

7

17
17
17

2

21

-

5
5

2

21
21
-

13
10
3
1

8
4
9
“

“

~

7

19
13
6
“

29
2
27
27

19
~
19
19

98
2
96
33

2
2

_

6
6

5
5

39
39

13
13

2

9

"
34
39
26

2

”

16
12
4
“

-

-

-

-

“

~

26
26

4

-

9
1
i

-

18
18

"

-

2
2

“

-

-

-

-

~

3

-

17

-

1

12

-

-

-

5

1
1

“

i
-

17
17
17

1
1
“

~

-

-

_

_

_

-

“

12
12
12

-

“

“

“

5
5

~

6
6

-

“

-

-

1
i

See footnotes at end of tables.




3
3

13
9
4
“

-

7
7

5
5

3
3

29
29

15
-

-

_

-

*

-

-

4
4

3
3

-

-

1
1

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

18

7.31
6 .6 1

BOIL ER TENDERS ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

1
1

9

MAINTENANCE P A IN TE R S -----------------------------MAINTENANCE M A C H IN I S TS -------------------------

MAINTENANCE S H E E T -M E T A L

5
5

7

i
i

2
2

-

6
6

~

-

-

-

-

-

2

“

7
7

1
1

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Norfolk—
Virginia Beach—
Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, Va.—N.C., May 1978
Hourly earnings *

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e ho u r ly e a r n i n g s o f —

$
~i --------- ~i-------i
7. 40 7 . 8 0 8 . 2 0 8 . 6 0 9 . 0 0

S

Mean2 Median2

Middle range 2

S

*
2.90

s

t

S

s

s

3 . 20 3 . 4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0 4 . 0 0

4.20

4.60

5.40

*
5 .80

*
6 .2 0

$
6.60

$
7 .00

S

3.00

$
5 .0 0

%

2.70

$
2.80

s

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

O c c u p a t io n a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

NuuiU
of
workers

2.80

2.90

3.00

3.20

3.40

3.60

3 .8 0

4.00 4.20

4.60 5.00

5 .4 0

5.80

6 .20

6 .60

7.00

7.40

7 .8 0

140

22

2

170
21
149

139
18
121

40
7
33

147
12
135

68
12
56

29
17
12
-

5
2
3
-

40
22
18
-

187

2

10
8

8

-

-

_

_

_

26
3
23

87
9
78

3
2
1

50
6
44

43
39
4

33

27
2
25

10
2
8

_

_

5
5

-

136
18
118
118

15
15

41
10
31
~

19
15

6
5
1

8
8
-

7
4
3

7

3
2
1

8
4
4

1

1
1

6
-

1
-

7
6
1

16
16
-

9
9

12
12
8

-

65

32

5

-

-

and
un d e

s

s

r

o

*o

C
O

C
O

O

C
M

9.00

9.40

ALL UORKERS

TRUCKDRIVERS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------

1 .6 5 5
318
1 .3 3 7
386

$
4 .69
4.57
4.71
6.69

$
4.20
4.60
3.75
6.85

$
$
3 .2 5 - 6 .35
4 .2 0 - 4 .80
3 .0 0 - 6 .85
4 .2 5 - 9 .35

TRUCKDRIVERS. L I G H T TRUCK NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

251
243

2.85
2 .80

2.65
2.65

2 .6 5 2 .6 5 -

TR UCKDRIVERS. MEDIUM TRUCK
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

698
93
605

4.25
4 .69
4 .18

3.75
4.43
3 .6 4

NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------

396
65
331
196

5 .63
4.78
5 .80
5.28

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK
(OTHER THAN T R A I L E R ! ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

199
150

SH IPP ING CLERKS --------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

140

22

68
68

2.88
2.88

133
133

15
15

60
60

3 .2 5 4 .0 0 3 .1 0 -

4 .92
5.47
4.75

7
7

7
7

8
8

2
2

5.41
4.73
6.40
4.25

4 .2 5 4 .2 0 4 .2 5 4 .2 5 -

6.85
5.41
6.85
6 .85

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

4.19
4.38

4 •60
4 • 80

3 .6 3 4 .6 0 -

4.80
4 .80

_

106
29
77

4 .47
5.37
4 .13

4.63
5.55
4.48

3 .5 0 5 .2 7 3 .5 0 -

5.27
5.83
4.63

-

R EC EI V IN G CLERKS ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

122
64
58

5.51
6.37
4.57

5.03
7.74
4.63

3 .9 5 4 .5 6 3 .9 1 -

7.74
7.74
5.34

-

3

“

SH IPP ING AND R E C EI V IN G CLERKS
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

75
63

4.24
3.98

3.85
3 .7 4

3 .2 5 3 .2 5 -

5.00
5.00

UAR EH OUS EM EN ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURIN6 ----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------

358
221
137
71

5 .13
4.69
5.86
7 .12

4.46
4.46
4.85
7.04

4 .4 0 4 .4 6 4 .2 5 4 .2 5 -

ORDER F I L L E R S ---------------------------------------

210

4.84

4.73

SH IPPING PACKERS ------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

89
85

3.67
3 .70

3.73
3.73

MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS —
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

1 .1 1 0
458
652

4 .16
3.98
4.28

F O R K L I F T OPERATORS -------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------

524
372
152
35

4.97
5.02
4.85
6.18

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK
( T R A I L E R ! ----------------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r in g

----------------------------

-

-

~

-

130
130
_

129
8
121
_

-

“

“

_

_

-

_

“

21
21

10
10

2
2

-

-

16
16

3

17
1
16

“

-

-

3

-

50
6
44

6

-

162
129
33
2

8
2
6

-

66

_

_

_

187
157

66
-

_

_

-

_

12

-

-

-

12
-

-

-

_

_

_

-

2

-

105
105
105

-

-

8

_

-

33

52
3

_

_

_

-

“

1
1

7
5
2

1
1

31

9
6
3

6
4
2

10
5
5

2
2

3
1
2

22
1
21

7
4
3

-

9
7

19
18

174
14 1
33
24

61
51
10
-

9
7
2
1

38

32

-

2

5
5

5
5

12
10

5
5

7
7

5
5

-

5

6

1

3

2

11

6

1

3

2

11

-

1

-

-

-

109

1

~

2

78
78
78

65
65

_

4

12

4

12

109

“

24
22
2

5
2
3

16
16

-

4

“

4
4
“

2

187
63
124
122

~

“

-

114
114
31

-

-

"

“

-

3

2
2

5
5

-

-

-

5.14
4.80
7.04
9.35

1

1

-

1

-

2

4 .4 5 -

6.22

19

6

3

-

11

-

6

-

-

-

30

3 .3 2 3 .3 2 -

3.96
3.96

2
2

8
6

-

2
2

2
2

10
10

6
5

32
32

7
6

2
2

3.50
3 .5 3
3.50

2 .8 5 3 .3 0 2 .8 5 -

4.88
4.22
6.12

51
13
38

89
10
79

157
3
154

6
6

45
27
18

187
1 54
33

23
16
7

22
12
10

46
37
9

127
65
62

43
33
10

66
49
17

20
20

14
14

32

5

4.60
4.61
4.60
6 .33

4 .1 5 4 .2 3 3 .7 5 6 .3 3 -

5.45
5.24
6.27
7.04

4
4
-

12
2
10

3
1
2

2
2

10
4
6

14
11
3

46
22
24

20
20
-

36
21
15
6

102
96
6

93
64
29

40
40
-

24
24

2
-

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

1

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

37
37
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

18
18

1

2

-

-

5

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .




-

19
19

8
7
1

8

-

7
_

-

-

-

“
_

-

“

5

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

“
"

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

144

-

_

-

_

-

33
33
-

_

-

-

-

144

-

41

_

12

-

-

-

41
15

-

12
12

63
63
-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

33
33
33

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Norfolk—
Virginia Beach—
Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, Va.—N.C., May 1978— Continued
Hourly earnings

*

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s rec eiv ing s t r a ig h t -t i m e ho u r ly earnings of—
s
s
*
s
S
s
s
$
S
s
$
2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 . 8 0 2 . 9 0 3 . 0 0 3 . 2 0 3 . 9 0 3 .6 0 3 . 8 0 4 . 0 0 4 . 2 0 ( . 6 0

O c c u p a t io n a n d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n
workers

M ean2

M edian*

M iddle range

*

$
5.90

%

$
$
5 . 8 0 6 . 2 0 6 .6 0

S
7 .0 0

$
s
$
7 . 90 7 . 8 0 8 . 2 0

$
8 .6 0

%

5 .0 0

7.0 0

7.90

7. 80 8 . 2 0 8 . 6 0

9 .0 0

9.90

2

“

15
15

-

-

-

-

-

-

11
11
11

2
2
2

7
1
1

-

-

-

1

9.00

and
under
2.70

2 .8 0

2.90

3.00

3.20

3 .90

-

-

6
6

-

21
6

5
2
“

17
16
“

69
9
60
2

69
9
55
1

3.60

3 .8 0

9.00 9 . 2 0

4 .6 0

.0 0

5.90

5.80

6.20

6 .60

16
16

4
4

3
1

-

“

128
“

1
~

3
3
3

ALL UORKERS—
CONTINUED
POWER-TRUCK OPERATORS (OTHER
THAN F O R K L I F T ) --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

109
105

$
9.7 6
9.70

$
9 .0 6
4 .0 6

$
$
9 .0 1 - 9.98
9 .0 1 - 9.98

-

-

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

977
168
29

9.90
3.93
5.<*<*

9 .5 6
2 .8 0
6 .2 7

2 .9 0 - 5.44
2 .7 0 - 3.93
3 .9 3 - 7.19

32
26
6

58
56
~

18
18

J A N I T O R S . P OR TER S. AND CLEANERS —
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

1.2 2 7
<*73
7 59
55

3.56
4.37
3.05
9 .56

3 .2 5
4.43
2 .6 5
9 .5 2

2 .65 3 . 60~
2 .6 5 3 .7 0 -

963
9
454

23
2
21
2

36
19
17
1

4.43
5.10
3.25
4 . 80

5
1
4

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .




9

1
1

4
4

56
56

2

ll
10
6

18
2
“

11
2

27

“

~

31
13
“

44
22
22
3

105

59

80
25
7

35
29
7

17
6
11
2

2

118
99
19
8

-

76
”

80
59
21
10

111
104
7
1

4
2

1

2

1

“

7

7
7

-

~
4
4
4

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

-

17
17

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Sex, 3 occupation, and i ndu str y div ision

Sex, 3 occupation, and i n d u s tr y divi si on

MAINTE NA NCE ' TOOLROOM' AND
POUERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - MEN

Number
of

Average
(mean^)
hourly
earnings 4

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTOOIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS —
MANUFACTURING ------------------

80
31

MAINTENANCE E L E C T R I C I A N S
MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S —

399
319
80
70

$
6.88

TRUCKDRIVERS -

CONTINUED

6.44
TR UCKDRIVE RS' HEAVY TRUCK
( T R A I L E R ! ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------PU B LI C U T I L I T I E S -------------

396
65
331
196

$
5.63
4.78
5.80
5.28

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK
(OTHER THAN T R A IL E R ) -------MANUFACTURING -------------------------

196
147

4 .19
4.37

SH IP P IN G CLERKS --------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ----------------------

95
77

4.46
4.13

R EC EI V IN G CLERKS -----------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

114
56
58

5.50
6 .47
4 .57

S H IP P IN G AND REC EIV ING CLERKS
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

57
51

4.09
4 .02

WAREHOUSEMEN -------------------MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING —
P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S

347
210
137
71

5.16
4 .71
5.86
7 .12

ORDER F I L L E R S —

210

7.87
7.86
7 .92
8.09

MAINTENANCE P AI N TE R S —

47

6.86

MAINTENANCE MA CH INI STS

199

8.26

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (M ACH IN ERY ) MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------P UB LI C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

323
271
52
43

6.45
6.15
7.97
8.06

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR V E H IC L E S ) -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------P UB LI C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

228
64
164
119

6 .48
5.97

102

7.33
7.28

MAINTENANCE P I P E F I T T E R S --------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

91

6.68

6.61

MAINTENANCE S H EE T -M ET A L WORKERS -------

38

7.23

MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPERS ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PU B LI C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

45
32
30

5.05
5.52
5.56

S H IP P IN G PACKERS
MANUFACTURING

STATI ONA RY ENGINEERS
MANUFACTURING --------

79
64

7.00
6.92

MATERIAL HANOLING LABORERS
MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

BOIL ER TENDERS ------------MANUFACTURING --------

31
31

5.57
5.57

1 .6 3 1
314
1 .3 1 7
386

4.71
4.57
4.74
6.69

TR UCK DRIVERS. L I G H T TRUCK
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

230
223

2.85
2 .80

TR UCK DRIVERS. MEDIUM TRUCK
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

698
93
605

4.25
4.69
4 .18

66
63

3.73
3 .75

1.09 7
447
650

4 .1 3
3 .92
4 .2 8

F O R K L I F T OPERATORS —
MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S

515
363
152
35

4 .96
5 .01
4 .85
6 .18

POWER-TRUCK OPERATORS (OTHER
THAN F O R K L I F T ) -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CU STO D IA L
OCCUPATIONS - MEN
TRUCKDRIVERS --------------------MANUFACTURING ---------NONHANUFACTURING P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S

0
0




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom,
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers.
by sex, in Norfolk—
Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and
Newport News—Hampton, Va.—N.C., May 1978

106
102

4 .6 8
4 .61

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S ---------------

454
148
29

4 .47
3.52
5 .44

J A N I T O R S . POR TER S. AND CLEANERS ------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PU B LI C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

766
320
446
44

3 .73
4.46
3.21
4 .72

461
153
308

3 .28
4 .1 9
2 .8 3

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTO DIAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN
J A N I T O R S . PO RTERS. AND CLEANERS ------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of tables.

10

Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings, adjusted for employment shifts,
for selected occupational groups in Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and
Newport News—Hampton, Va.—N.C., for selected periods
J a n u a r y 1972
to
J a n u a r y 1973

I n d u s t r y a n d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p 5

A ll in d u s t r ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l
E l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s
S k i ll e d m a in t e n a n c e t r a d e s
U n s k i ll e d p la n t w o r k e r s
M a n u fa c t u r in g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l
E l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s in g
_____
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s
S k i ll e d m a in t e n a n c e t r a d e s
U n s k i ll e d p la n t w o r k e r s

J a n u a r y 1973
to
J a n u a r y 1974

J a n u a r y 1 9 7 4 t o M a y 197 5
16 - m o n t h
in c r e a s e

M a y 197 5
to
M a y 1976

A n n u al ra te
o f in c r e a s e

M a y 1976
to
M a y 1977

M a y 1977
to
M a y 197 8

5 .3

___

_

_ _
_

_ _ ___ _ _

N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l _______________________________ ___________
E l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g _____________________________
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s _________ __ ________________________
U n s k i ll e d p la n t w o r k e r s _________________________________

5 .7

(6 )
(6 )
7 .4
7 .0

(6)
4 .3
7 .5
8 .7

1 0 .9
1 1.4
1 2.2
1 2 .4
1 4.2

8.1
8 .4
9 .0
9 .2
1 0 .5

6 .3
5 .7
4 .8
7 .2
8 .3

7 .0
6 .1
1 2 .8
6 .3
6 .8

7 .6
7 .1
7 .7
8 .5
8 .1

(6 )
(6 )
(6)
6 .3
7 .6

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
7 .9
9 .2

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
1 2 .3
1 7 .3

(6 )
(6)
(6 )
9 .1
12.7

(6 )
(6)
(6)
7 .2
9 .0

(6)
(6)
1 3 .5
5 .8
8 .2

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
8 .9
8 .1

5 .3

5 .6
(6 )
(6 )
8 .3

1 0.9
(6 )
(6 )
1 2 .4

8.1

6 .9
(6)
(6 )
8 .0

6 .5

7 .9

(6)
(6 )
6 .1

(6 )
(6 )
8 .5

(6 )
(6 )
6 .1

(6 )
(6 )
9 .2

See footnotes at end of tables.

Footnotes
1 St andard hou rs r ef le c t the w o r k w e e k for wh ich employees rec eiv e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e
sala rie s (e x cl us iv e of p ay fo r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r and/or p r e m i u m r ate s), and the ear nin gs co r r e s p o n d
to these w ee kl y ho ur s.
2 T h e m e a n is co mp ut ed fo r each job b y totaling the earnings of a ll w o r k e r s and div iding by
the n u m b e r of w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d i a n designates position— half of the w o r k e r s re c e i v e the same or
m o r e and half r e c e i v e the sa me o r less than, the rate shown.
T h e m id d le range is defined b y two
rates of pay; a fou rt h of the w o r k e r s e ar n the same or less than the lo w e r of these rates and a
fourth e ar n the sam e o r m o r e than the highe r rate.




3 Earnings
establishment.
4

E x clu d e s

data

rel ate

p r e m iu m

pay

only to w o r k e r s
fo r

o v e r tim e and

whose

sex

fo r w o rk

identification
on

w eek en d s,

was

p ro v id e d

h o lid a y s ,

and

by

the

la t e s h i ft s .

5 Es t i m a te s fo r periods ending p r i o r to 1976 relate to m en only for skilled maintenance and
un skilled plant w o r k e r s .
A l l other estimates relate to m en and women.
6 Data do not me et publication c r i t e r i a o r data not available.

11




Appendix A .
Scope and Method
of Survey
O c c u p a tio n s and e a r n in g s

In e a c h o f th e 75 1 a r e a s c u r r e n t ly s u r v e y e d , th e B u re a u o b ta in s
w a g e s and r e la t e d b e n e f it s da ta f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in
s ix b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M a n u fa ctu rin g ; t r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n ,
and o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ; w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e ,
and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s .
G o v e rn m e n t o p e r a t io n s and th e c o n s t r u c t io n
and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s t r ie s a r e e x c lu d e d .
E s ta b lis h m e n ts h av in g fe w e r than
a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e a ls o e x c lu d e d b e c a u s e o f in s u ffic ie n t
e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d .
A p p e n d ix ta b le 1 sh o w s th e n u m b e r
o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s and w o r k e r s e s tim a te d to be w ith in th e s c o p e o f th is
s u r v e y , a s w e ll a s th e n u m b e r a c tu a lly stu d ied .

O c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r stu dy a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y o f m a n u fa c ­
tu rin g and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s t r ie s , and a r e o f th e fo llo w in g t y p e s :
(1)
O f fic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s io n a l and t e c h n ic a l; (3) m a in te n a n c e , t o o l r o o m ,
and p o w e r p la n t ; and (4) m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d ia l.
O ccu p a tio n a l
c la s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s ig n e d to take
a c c o u n t o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n in d u tie s w ith in th e s a m e jo b .
O c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r stu dy a r e lis t e d and d e s c r i b e d in a p p e n d ix B.
U n le s s o t h e r w is e in d ic a t e d , th e e a r n in g s data fo llo w in g th e jo b
t i t le s a r e f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s c o m b in e d .
E a rn in g s data f o r s o m e o f th e
o c c u p a t io n s lis t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s w ith in the
s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y , a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s ta b le s b e c a u s e
e it h e r (1) e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e en ough data
to m e r it p r e s e n t a t io n , o r (2) t h e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l
e s ta b lis h m e n t da ta .
S e p a r a te m e n 's and w o m e n 's e a r n in g s data a r e not
p r e s e n t e d w h en th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s not id e n tifie d b y s e x is 20 p e r c e n t
o r m o r e o f th e m e n o r w o m e n id e n tifie d in an o c c u p a t io n .
E a rn in g s data
not sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly f o r in d u stry d iv is io n s a r e in clu d e d in data fo r a ll
in d u s t r ie s c o m b in e d .
L ik e w is e , f o r o c c u p a t io n s w ith m o r e than on e le v e l,
data a r e in c lu d e d in th e o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n w h en a sub c la s s ifi c a t io n is
n ot show n o r in fo r m a tio n to s u b c la s s if y is not a v a ila b le .

B u r e a u f ie ld r e p r e s e n t a t iv e s o b ta in data by p e r s o n a l v is it s at
3 - y e a r i n t e r v a ls .
In e a c h o f th e tw o in te rv e n in g y e a r s , in fo r m a tio n on
e m p lo y m e n t and o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s o n ly is c o lle c t e d by a c o m b in a tio n o f
p e r s o n a l v i s i t , m a il q u e s t io n n a ir e , and te le p h o n e in te r v ie w f r o m e s t a b lis h ­
m e n ts p a r t ic ip a t in g in th e p r e v io u s s u r v e y .
A s a m p le o f th e e s ta b lis h m e n ts in th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y is
s e le c t e d f o r stu d y p r i o r to e a c h p e r s o n a l v is it s u r v e y .
T h is s a m p le , l e s s
e s t a b lis h m e n t s w h ic h go ou t o f b u s in e s s o r a r e no lo n g e r w ith in th e in d u s t r ia l
s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y , is r e t a in e d f o r the fo llo w in g tw o ann ual s u r v e y s .
In
m o s t c a s e s , e s t a b lis h m e n t s n e w to th e a r e a a r e not c o n s i d e r e d in th e s c o p e
o f th e s u r v e y u n til th e s e l e c t i o n o f a s a m p le f o r a p e r s o n a l v is it s u r v e y .
T h e s a m p lin g p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d e ta ile d s t r a t ifi c a t io n o f a ll
e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f an in d iv id u a l a re a s u r v e y b y in d u s tr y
and n u m b e r o f e m p lo y e e s . F r o m th is s tr a t ifie d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ilit y s a m p le
is s e l e c t e d , w ith e a c h e s ta b lis h m e n t h av in g a p r e d e t e r m in e d c h a n c e o f
s e le c t io n .
T o o b ta in o p t im u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o ­
p o r t io n o f l a r g e th an s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c t e d .
W h en data a r e
c o m b in e d , e a c h e s t a b lis h m e n t is w e ig h te d a c c o r d in g to it s p r o b a b ilit y o f
s e l e c t i o n s o that u n b ia s e d e s t im a t e s a r e g e n e r a te d .
F o r e x a m p le , if on e
out o f f o u r e s t a b lis h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d , it is g iv e n a w eigh t o f 4 to r e p r e s e n t
i t s e l f p lu s t h r e e o t h e r s .
An a lte r n a te o f th e s a m e o r ig in a l p r o b a b ilit y is
c h o s e n in th e s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s if i c a t io n if data a r e not a v a ila b le
f r o m th e o r i g i n a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
If no s u ita b le s u b stitu te is a v a ila b le ,
a d d itio n a l w e ig h t is a s s ig n e d to a s a m p le m e m b e r that is s i m i l a r to th e
m i s s in g u n it.

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a rn in g s data a r e show n f o r f u ll- t i m e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d u le .
E a rn in g s
da ta e x c lu d e p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s ,
and la te s h ift s .
N o n p r o d u c tio n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a llo w a n c e s and in c e n t iv e b o n u s e s a r e in c lu d e d .
W e e k ly h o u r s f o r o f f i c e
c l e r i c a l and p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s r e f e r to th e sta n d a rd
w o r k w e e k (r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf h ou r) f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e
r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r
a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) .
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r th e s e o c c u p a t io n s a r e
ro u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o ll a r .
V e r t i c a l lin e s w ith in th e d is tr ib u tio n o f
w o r k e r s on s o m e A - t a b le s in d ic a te a ch a n g e in th e s iz e o f th e c la s s in te r v a ls .
T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e th e l e v e l o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s in an a r e a
at a p a r t ic u la r t i m e .
C o m p a r is o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
t im e m a y n ot r e f le c t e x p e c te d w a g e c h a n g e s . T h e a v e r a g e s for in d iv id u a l jo b s
a r e a ff e c t e d b y ch a n g e s in w a g e s and e m p lo y m e n t p a t te r n s .
F o r e x a m p le ,
p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y h ig h - o r lo w -w a g e f i r m s m a y ch a n g e , o r
h ig h -w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d v a n ce to b e tt e r jo b s and b e r e p la c e d b y new
w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a t e s .
S u ch s h ifts in e m p lo y m e n t c o u ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u ­
p a t io n a l a v e r a g e e v e n th ou gh m o s t e s t a b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a in c r e a s e w a g e s

* Included in the 75 areas are 5 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas are
Akron, O hio; Birm ingham , A la .; N orfolk—V irginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Ham pton, V a .—N .C .;
Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N . Y . ; and U tica—R om e, N .Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more
lim ite d area studies in approxim ately 100 areas at the request o f the Employment Standards Adm inistration of
the U. S. Department o f Labor.




13

d u rin g th e y e a r .
C h a n g e s in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , sh ow n in ta b le
A - 7 , a r e b e t t e r in d ic a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s th an a r e e a r n in g s c h a n g e s f o r
in d iv id u a l jo b s w ith in th e g r o u p s .

E le c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g
C om p u ter s y s te m s
a n a ly s t s , c l a s s e s
A , B , and C
C o m p u te r p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C
C o m p u te r o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C

U n s k ille d plan t

R e g is t e r e d in d u s tr ia l
n urses

A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s
sh o u ld not b e a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d if f e r e n c e s in p a y o f th e s e x e s w ith in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
F a c t o r s w h ic h m a y c o n tr ib u te to d if f e r e n c e s
in clu d e p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b lis h e d r a te r a n g e s (o n ly th e r a te s p a id
in cu m b e n ts a r e c o lle c t e d ) and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c d u tie s w ith in th e
g e n e r a l s u r v e y jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s . J ob d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d to c l a s s i f y e m p lo y e e s
in t h e s e s u r v e y s u s u a lly a r e m o r e g e n e r a liz e d th an t h o s e u s e d in in d iv id u a l
e s ta b lis h m e n ts and a llo w f o r m in o r d if f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s in
s p e c i f i c d u tie s p e r f o r m e d .

C a rp e n te rs
E le c t r ic ia n s
P a in t e r s
M a c h in is t s
M e c h a n ic s (m a c h in e r y )
M e c h a n ic s (m o t o r v e h ic le )
P ip e f i t t e r s
T o o l and d ie m a k e r s

In d u s tria l n u r s e s

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w id e e s t im a t e s . I n d u s t r ie s
and e s t a b lis h m e n t s d if f e r in p a y le v e l and jo b s ta ffin g , and th u s c o n tr ib u te
d if f e r e n t ly to th e e s t im a t e s f o r e a c h jo b .
P a y a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e ly th e w a g e d if f e r e n t ia l a m o n g jo b s in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s .

S k ille d m a in te n a n c e

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and
c le a n e r s
M a t e r ia l h a n d lin g la b o r e r s

P e r c e n t ch a n g e s f o r in d iv id u a l a r e a s in th e p r o g r a m
as f o llo w s ;

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e to t a l in a ll e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e stu d y and n ot th e n u m b e r a c tu a lly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e s a m o n g e s ta b lis h m e n ts d i f f e r , e s t im a t e s o f
o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d f r o m th e s a m p le o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s s tu d ie d
s e r v e o n ly t o in d ic a t e th e r e la t iv e im p o r t a n c e o f th e jo b s s tu d ie d .
T h ese
d if f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e do n ot a ffe c t m a t e r ia lly th e a c c u r a c y
o f th e e a r n in g s da ta .

a r e c o m p u te d

1.

A v e r a g e e a rn in g s a r e c o m p u te d f o r e a c h o c c u p a t io n f o r
the 2 y e a r s b e in g c o m p a r e d .
T h e a v e r a g e s a r e d e r iv e d
f r o m e a rn in g s in t h o s e e s t a b lis h m e n t s w h ic h a r e in
the s u r v e y b oth y e a r s ; it is a s s u m e d that e m p lo y m e n t
r e m a in s u n ch a n ged .

2.

E a ch o c c u p a t io n is a s s ig n e d a w e ig h t b a s e d o n its p r o ­
p o r tio n a te e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p in th e
base y ea r.

3.

T h e s e w e ig h ts a r e u s e d to c o m p u te g r o u p a v e r a g e s .
E a ch o c c u p a t io n 's a v e r a g e e a r n in g s (c o m p u t e d in s te p 1)
is m u lt ip lie d b y its w e ig h t.
T h e p r o d u c t s a r e t o t a le d to
ob ta in a g ro u p a v e r a g e .

4.

The ra tio o f g ro u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t iv e y e a r s is
co m p u te d by d iv id in g th e a v e r a g e for th e c u r r e n t y e a r b y
the a v e r a g e for th e e a r l i e r y e a r . T h e r e s u lt— e x p r e s s e d
as a p e r c e n t — l e s s 100 is th e p e r c e n t c h a n g e .

W a g e tr e n d s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s
T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s p r e s e n t e d in ta b le A - 7 a r e b a s e d on c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f m e n and w o m e n in e s t a b lis h m e n t s r e p o r t in g the
tr e n d jo b s in b o th th e c u r r e n t and p r e v io u s y e a r (m a tc h e d e s t a b lis h m e n t s ).
T h e data a r e a d ju s te d to r e m o v e th e e f fe c t s on a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f e m p l o y ­
m ent s h ift s a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s and t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s in clu d e d
in s u r v e y s a m p le s .
T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a r e s t i l l a ff e c t e d b y
f a c t o r s o t h e r th an w a g e in c r e a s e s .
H ir in g s , l a y o f f s , and tu r n o v e r m a y a ffe c t
an e s ta b lis h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an o c c u p a t io n w hen w o r k e r s a r e p a id u n d er
p la n s p r o v id in g a r a n g e o f w a g e r a te s f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s .
In p e r io d s o f
in c r e a s e d h ir in g , f o r e x a m p le , n ew e m p lo y e e s m a y e n te r at th e b o tt o m o f
the r a n g e , d e p r e s s in g th e a v e r a g e w ith ou t a ch a n g e in w a g e r a t e s .
T h e p e r c e n t ch a n g e s r e la t e to w a g e ch a n g e s b e tw e e n th e in d ic a te d
d a te s .
W h en th e t im e sp a n b e tw e e n s u r v e y s is o th e r th an 12 m o n th s , annual
r a te s a r e s h o w n .
(It is a s s u m e d that w a g e s in c r e a s e at a co n s ta n t ra te
b e tw e e n s u r v e y s .)

F o r a m o r e d e ta ile d d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e m e th o d u s e d to c o m p u te t h e s e
w a g e t r e n d s , s e e "I m p r o v in g A r e a W a g e S u r v e y I n d e x e s , " M o n th ly L a b o r
R e v ie w , J a n u a ry 1 973, p p . 5 2 -5 7 .

O c c u p a tio n s u s e d to c o m p u te w a g e t r e n d s a r e :
O f f ic e c l e r i c a l

O f fic e c l e r i c a l — C on tin u ed

S e c r e t a r ie s
S ten ograp h ers, g en era l
S t e n o g r a p h e r s , s e n io r
T y p is t s , c l a s s e s A
and B
F il e c l e r k s , c l a s s e s A ,
B , and C
M essengers
S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s

O rd er c le r k s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
A c c o u n t in g c l e r k s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e
o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B
P a y r o ll c le r k s
K e y e n tr y o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A and B




E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s
T a b u la tio n s on s e le c t e d e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y
w a g e p r o v is io n s ( B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d in th is b u lle tin .
In fo r ­
m a tio n f o r th e s e ta b u la tio n s is c o l l e c t e d at 3 - y e a r in t e r v a ls .
T h ese ta b u ­
la tio n s on m in im u m e n tr a n c e s a la r ie s f o r in e x p e r ie n c e d o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; sh ift
d if f e r e n t ia ls ; s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s and d a y s ; p a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a t io n s ;
and h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s a r e p r e s e n t e d (in th e B - s e r i e s
ta b le s ) in p r e v io u s b u lle tin s f o r th is a r e a .

14

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in
Norfolk—
Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, Va.—N.C.,1 May 1978
In d u s try d iv is io n 2

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

W it h in s c o p e o f s tu d y 4
W ith in s c o p e
o f s tu d y 3

N u m ber

P ercen t

161

1 2 5 .5 7 9

100

8 1 .2 8 8

~

124
400

47
114

5 5 .4 8 2
7 0 .0 9 7

44
56

45.477
35.811

50
50
50
50
50

48
62
167
46
77

21
13
38
14
28

1 1 .7 6 6
5.230
3 4 .5 4 1
7 .449
1 1. 1 11

9
4
28
6
9

9 .1 1 1
1 .4 4 8
1 4 t 840
3 .7 3 6
6.676

50

1 T h e N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B e a c h —P o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t N e w s —H a m p to n S t a n d ­
a rd M e tr o p o lita n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a s , as
d e f in e d b y th e O f f i c e o f M a n a g e m e n t
a n d B u d g e t t h r o u g h F e b r u a r y 1 9 7 4 , c o n s i s t o f th e c i t i e s o f C h e s a p e a k e , H a m p t o n ,
N ew p ort N e w s ,
N o r f o l k , P o q u o s o n , P o r t s m o u t h , S u ff o lk , V i r g i n i a B e a c h , and
W i l l i a m s b u r g , V a . ; a n d t h e c o u n t i e s o f G l o u c e s t e r , J a m e s C i t y , and Y o r k , V a . ,
a n d C u r r i t u c k , N .C .
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s sh o w n in t h is
t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e
la b o r fo r c e
in c l u d e d in t h e s u r v e y .
E s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , f o r
c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t in d e x e s t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s
s i n c e (1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s e s t a b l is h m e n t d a ta c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y
in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d , a n d (2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d
f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 The
1972 e d i t io n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s
u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n .
H o w e v e r, a ll g o v e r n m e n t
o p e r a t i o n s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .




S tu d ie d

S tu d ie d

524 _________

ALL D I V I S I O N S ----------------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------------------------------TRA NS P OR TA TIO N, c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d
OTHER P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S 5 -----------------------------------------------WHOLESALE T R A D E 6 -------------------------------------------------------------R E T A I L TRADE6 --------------------------------------------------------------------F I N A N C E . INSURANCE. AND REAL E S T A T E 6 --------------SERVICES6 7
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s

N u m b e r o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s

3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t at o r a b o v e th e m in i m u m
li m it a t io n .
A l l o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in in d u s t r i e s s u c h a s t r a d e ,
f i n a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e , a n d m o t io n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s o n e
e s t a b l is h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s a ll w o r k e r s in a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t (w ith in th e
a r e a ) at o r a b o v e th e m in i m u m li m i t a t i o n .
5 A b b r e v ia te d to " p u b lic u t ilit ie s "
in t h e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s .
T a x i c a b s and
s e r v i c e s i n c id e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n a r e e x c l u d e d .
6 S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f d a t a i s n o t m a d e f o r t h is d i v i s i o n .
7 H o t e ls a n d m o t e l s ; la u n d r i e s a n d o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ;
a u t o m o b i le
r e p a i r , r e n t a l, a n d p a r k in g ; m o t i o n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p
o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( e x c l u d i n g r e l i g i o u s a n d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; a n d e n g in e e r in g and
a rch ite ctu r a l s e r v ic e s .

15




Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e
B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s is to a s s i s t its f ie ld sta ff in c l a s s if y in g into
a p p r o p r ia t e o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w ho a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r ie t y o f
p a y r o ll t i t le s and d if f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n ts f r o m e s ta b lis h m e n t to
e s ta b lis h m e n t and f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m it s th e g ro u p in g o f
o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t in g c o m p a r a b le jo b co n te n t.
B ecau se
o f th is e m p h a s is on in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t and in te r a r e a c o m p a r a b ilit y o f
o c c u p a t io n a l c o n te n t, th e B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r ip t io n s m a y d if f e r s ig n ific a n t ly
f r o m t h o s e in u s e in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r
o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's fie ld
e c o n o m is t s a r e in s t r u c t e d to e x c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p r e n t ic e s ;
and p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y ,
a n d p r o b a t io n a r y w o r k e r s .
H a n d ica p p e d
w o r k e r s w h o s e e a r n in g s a r e r e d u c e d b e c a u s e o f th e ir h a n d ic a p a r e a ls o
e x c lu d e d .
L e a r n e r s , b e g in n e r s , and t r a i n e e s , u n le s s s p e c i f i c a l l y in clu d e d
in th e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n , a r e e x c lu d e d .

Office
SECRETARY

S E C R E T A R Y— C on tin u e d

A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to o n e in d iv id u a l. M a in ­
ta in s a c l o s e and h ig h ly r e s p o n s iv e r e la t io n s h ip to the d a y - t o - d a y w o r k o f the
s u p e r v is o r .
W o r k s f a i r l y in d e p e n d e n tly r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d
s u p e r v is io n a nd g u id a n c e . P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l d u tie s ,
u s u a lly in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g :

M a y a ls o p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l ta s k s o f c o m p a r a b le
n a tu r e and d if f ic u l t y . T h e w o r k t y p ic a lly r e q u ir e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e rou tin e
and u n d e r s ta n d in g o f th e o r g a n iz a t io n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e la t e d to
the w o r k o f the s u p e r v is o r .

E x c lu s io n s
a . R e c e i v e s t e le p h o n e c a l l s , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , a nd in c o m in g m a il,
a n s w e r s r o u tin e i n q u i r i e s , and r o u te s t e c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s to the p r o p e r
person s;
b.
c.
in s t r u c t e d ;

E s ta b lis h e s ,

m a in ta in s ,

and r e v i s e s the s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ;

M a in ta in s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's

c a le n d a r and m a k e s a p p o in tm e n ts a s

N ot a ll p o s it io n s that a r e title d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the a b o v e c h a r ­
a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p le s o f p o s it io n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the d e fin itio n a re
a s f o llo w s :
a.
d e s c r ib e d ab ove;
b.

d.

R e la y s m e s s a g e s f r o m

s u p e r v is o r to s u b o r d in a t e s ;

e . R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y
o t h e r s f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s ig n a t u r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and t y p o g r a p h ic
accu racy;
f.

P e r fo r m s




s t e n o g r a p h ic and ty p in g w o r k .

s io n a l,

P o s it io n s w h ich

do

n ot m eet

the " p e r s o n a l "

secreta ry

S t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u lly tr a in e d in s e c r e t a r i a l - t y p e d u tie s ;

c . S t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v in g a s o f f i c e a s s is t a n t s to a g ro u p o f p r o f e s ­
t e c h n ic a l, o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ;

d . S e c r e t a r y p o s it io n s in w h ic h the d u tie s a r e e it h e r s u b s ta n tia lly
m o r e r o u tin e o r s u b s ta n tia lly m o r e c o m p le x and r e s p o n s ib le than th o s e c h a r ­
a c t e r i z e d in the d e fin itio n ;

con cept

SE C R E T A R Y — Continued

SE C R E T A R Y — Continued

E x c l u s io n s — C o n tin u ed

C la s s C

e.
A s s is t a n t - t y p e p o s it io n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d if f ic u lt o r m o r e
1. S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u t iv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n ­
r e s p o n s ib le t e c h n ic a l, a d m in is t r a t iv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c l e r i c a l
s ib ilit y is not e q u iv a le n t to on e o f the s p e c i f i c l e v e l s itu a tio n s in the d e fin itio n
d u tie s w h ich a r e n ot t y p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .
f o r c l a s s B , but w h o s e o r g a n iz a t io n a l u nit n o r m a lly n u m b e r s at le a s t s e v e r a l
d o z e n e m p lo y e e s and is u s u a lly d iv id e d in to o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n ts w h ich a r e
o ft e n , in tu rn , fu r th e r s u b d iv id e d .
In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , th is l e v e l in c lu d e s a
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in the l e v e l d e fin itio n s
w id e ra n g e o f o r g a n iz a tio n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly on e o r tw o ; cm
fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w ho h av e a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a t e w id e
p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a j o r c o m p a n y a c t i v it ie s .
T h e t it le " v ic e
2 . S e c r e t a r y to th e h ead o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . (o r
p r e s id e n t , " th ou gh n o r m a lly in d ic a t iv e o f th is r o l e , d o e s n ot in a ll c a s e s
o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f ic i a l ) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r th an 5 ,0 0 0
id e n tify su ch p o s it io n s .
V ic e p r e s id e n t s w h o s e p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y is to
person s.
a ct p e r s o n a lly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r tr a n s a c t io n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d en y
in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ; a d m in is t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y
C la s s D
s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l s ta ff) a r e n ot c o n s i d e r e d to be " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r
1. S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v is o r o r h e a d o f a s m a ll o r g a n iz a t io n a l unit
p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g the fo llo w in g le v e l d e f in it io n s .
( e . g . , f e w e r than about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o £
C la s s A
1. S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a c o m p a n y
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

2 . S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l
e m p lo y e e , a d m in is tr a tiv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s is t a n t , s k ille d t e c h n ic ia n , o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E :
M any c o m p a n ie s a s s ig n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a th e r than s e c r e t a r i e s as
d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to th is le v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)
STEN OGRAPH ER

2 . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r than th e c h a ir m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 but f e w e r
than 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to the h e a d , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w the c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r
le v e l, o f a m a j o r s e g m e n t o r s u b s id ia r y o f a c o m p a n y th at e m p lo y s , in a ll,
o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

C la s s B

P r im a r y duty is to ta k e d ic ta tio n u s in g s h o r th a n d , and to t r a n s c r ib e
th e d ic ta tio n .
M ay a ls o ty p e f r o m w r it te n c o p y .
M ay o p e ra te fr o m a ste n o ­
g r a p h ic p o o l.
M ay o c c a s io n a l ly t r a n s c r i b e f r o m v o i c e r e c o r d in g s ( i f p r im a r y
du ty is t r a n s c r ib in g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s , s e e T r a n s c r ib in g - M a c h in e T y p is t ) .
N O T E : T h is jo b is d is t in g u is h e d f r o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a lly w o r k s in a c o n fid e n t ia l r e la t io n s h ip w ith o n ly on e m a n a g e r
o r e x e c u tiv e and p e r f o r m s m o r e
r e s p o n s ib le and d i s c r e t i o n a r y ta s k s as
d e s c r i b e d in the s e c r e t a r y jo b d e fin it io n .

1. S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a c o m p a n y
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, f e w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
2 . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r than th e c h a ir m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but f e w e r
than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w th e o f f i c e r l e v e l , o v e r
e it h e r a m a j o r c o r p o r a t io n w id e fu n c tio n a l a c t iv it y ( e . g . , m a r k e t in g , r e s e a r c h ,
o p e r a t io n s , in d u s t r ia l r e la t io n s , e t c .) o r a m a j o r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a t io n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a j o r d iv is io n ) o f a c o m p a n y that
e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 b u t f e w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r
4 . S e c r e t a r y to th e h ead o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . (o r
o th e r e q u iv a le n t le v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
5. S e c r e t a r y to th e h ead o f a la r g e and im p o r ta n t o r g a n iz a t io n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v is o r o f an o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t
o fte n in v o lv in g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l h u n d red p e r s o n s ) o r a c o m p a n y that
e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .




S te n o g r a p h e r, G e n e r a l

keep

D icta tio n in v o lv e s a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y .
M a y m a in ta in f i l e s ,
s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y ro u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
S te n o g r a p h e r, S e n io r

D icta tio n in v o lv e s a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l d r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y su ch
a s in le g a l b r ie f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h .
M a y a ls o s e t up and
m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s te n o g r a p h ic d u tie s r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n t ly g r e a t e r in d e ­
p e n d e n c e and r e s p o n s ib ilit y than s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l, a s e v id e n c e d by th e
fo llo w in g :
W o rk r e q u ir e s a h igh d e g r e e o f s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d and a c c u r a c y ;
a th o r o u g h w o rk in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s and o f f i c e p r o c e d u r e ; and
o f th e s p e c if ic b u s in e s s o p e r a t io n s , o r g a n iz a t i o n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k f lo w , e tc .
U ses th is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m in g s te n o g r a p h ic d u tie s and
r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l ta s k s su ch a s m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b lin g
m a t e r ia l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d a , a nd l e t t e r s ; c o m p o s in g s im p le le t t e r s
f r o m g e n e r a l in s t r u c t io n s ; re a d in g and r o u tin g in c o m in g m a i l ; and a n s w e r in g
r o u tin e q u e s t io n s , e t c .

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E T Y P IS T

M E SS E N G E R

P r i m a r y du ty is to ty p e c o p y o f v o ic e r e c o r d e d d ic ta tio n w h ich d o e s
n ot in v o lv e v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y su ch a s that u se d in
le g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n t i f i c r e s e a r c h .
M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w r it te n
cop y.
M a y m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e la t iv e ly
r o u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
(S e e S te n o g r a p h e r d e fin itio n f o r w o r k e r s in v o lv e d
w ith s h o rth a n d d ic ta tio n .)

P e r f o r m s v a r io u s ro u tin e d u tie s s u ch a s ru nn ing e r r a n d s , o p e r a tin g
m in o r o f f i c e m a c h in e s s u ch a s s e a le r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g and d is trib u tin g
m a il , and o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .
E x c lu d e p o s it io n s that r e q u ir e o p e r a ­
tio n o f a m o t o r v e h ic le a s a s ig n ific a n t duty.
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e u s e d w ith a p r iv a te
b r a n c h e x ch a n g e (P B X ) s y s t e m to r e la y in c o m in g , o u tg o in g , and in tr a s y s te m
c a lls .
M a y p r o v id e in fo r m a t io n to c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and tr a n s m it m e s s a g e s ,
k e e p r e c o r d o f c a lls p la c e d and t o l l c h a r g e s .
B e s id e s o p e r a t in g a te le p h o n e
s w itc h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r f o r m ro u tin e c l e r i c a l w o rk
(ty p in g o r ro u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y o c c u p y th e m a jo r p o r t io n o f the w o r k e r 's
t i m e , and is u s u a lly p e r f o r m e d w h ile at th e s w itc h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e ).
C h ie f
o r le a d o p e r a t o r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than on e o p e r a t o r a re
e x c lu d e d .
F o r an o p e r a t o r w ho a ls o a c ts as a r e c e p t io n is t , s e e S w itch b o a rd
O p era tor -R e c e p tio n is t.

T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls o r to m a k e
ou t b i l l s a ft e r c a lc u la t io n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n oth er p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e
ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e r ia ls f o r u se in d u p lic a tin g p r o c ­
esses.
M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g lit t le s p e c ia l t r a in in g , s u c h as
k e e p in g s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r tin g and d is t r ib u t in g
in c o m in g m a il .
C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f the f o llo w in g ;
T y p in g m a t e r ia l
in f in a l f o r m w h en it in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r ia l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r .r e c t s p e llin g , s y lla b ic a t io n , p u n ctu a tion , e t c ., o f t e c h ­
n i c a l o r u n u su a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a ge m a t e r ia l; o r p la n n in g la y o u t and
ty p in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b le s to m a in ta in u n ifo r m it y and b a la n c e in
s p a c in g . M a y ty p e r o u tin e f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y in g d e t a ils to su it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
At a
an o p e r a t o r —
w o r k in v o lv e s
b u s in e s s and
p r ia t e p e r s o n
a r r a n g in g an

C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f the f o llo w in g : C o p y ty p in g f r o m
r o u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ; o r ro u tin e ty pin g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ;
o r s e ttin g u p s im p le s ta n d a r d ta b u la tio n s ; o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s
a lr e a d y s e t u p and s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

ORDER CLERK
R e c e iv e s w r it te n o r v e r b a l c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s f o r m a t e r ia l
o r m e r c h a n d is e f r o m c u s t o m e r s o r s a le s p e o p le .
W o r k t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s
s o m e c o m b in a tio n o f th e fo llo w in g d u tie s :
Q u otin g p r i c e s ; d e te r m in in g a v a il­
a b ility o f o r d e r e d it e m s and s u g g e s tin g s u b s titu te s w h en n e c e s s a r y ; a d v isin g
e x p e c t e d d e li v e r y da te and m e th o d o f d e li v e r y ; r e c o r d in g o r d e r and c u s t o m e r
in fo r m a tio n on o r d e r
s h e e t s ; c h e c k in g o r d e r s h e e t s f o r a c c u r a c y and
a d e q u a c y o f in fo r m a tio n r e c o r d e d ; a s c e r t a in in g c r e d it ra tin g o f c u s t o m e r ;
fu r n is h in g c u s t o m e r w ith a ck n o w le d g e m e n t o f r e c e ip t o f o r d e r ; fo llo w in g -u p
to s e e that o r d e r is d e li v e r e d b y th e s p e c if ie d d a te o r to le t c u s t o m e r know
o f a d e la y in d e li v e r y ; m a in ta in in g o r d e r f i l e ; c h e c k in g sh ip pin g in v o ic e
a g a in st o r ig i n a l o r d e r .

F IL E C L E R K
F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , a nd r e t r ie v e s m a t e r ia l in an e s t a b lis h e d filin g
s y s t e m . M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l ta s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in f i l e s .
P o s it io n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin it io n s .
C la s s A . C l a s s i f i e s and in d e x e s f ile m a t e r ia l su ch a s c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n ic a l d o c u m e n t s , e t c . , in an e s t a b lis h e d f ilin g s y s t e m
c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a t te r f i l e s .
M a y a ls o f i l e th is
m a te r ia l.
M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p e s in c o n ju n c tio n w ith the f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a ll g r o u p o f lo w e r le v e l f ile c l e r k s .

E x c lu d e w o r k e r s p a id on a c o m m is s io n b a s is o r w h o s e d u ties
in clu d e any o f th e f o llo w in g : R e c e iv in g o r d e r s f o r s e r v i c e s r a th e r than fo r
m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e ; p r o v id in g c u s t o m e r s w ith co n s u lta tiv e a d v ice
u sin g k n o w le d g e g a in e d f r o m e n g in e e r in g o r e x t e n s iv e t e c h n ic a l tr a in in g ;
e m p h a s iz in g s e llin g s k ills ; h an d lin g m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e a s an in te g r a l
p a rt o f th e jo b .

C la s s B .
S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c la s s ifie d m a t e r i a l b y s im p le
( s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d in g s o r p a r t ly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r ia l b y f in e r s u b h e a d in g s .
P r e p a r e s s im p le r e la t e d in d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s . A s r e q u e s t e d ,
l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n t ifie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l.
M ay
p e r fo r m
r e la t e d c l e r i c a l ta s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

P o s it io n s
d e fin it io n s :

C la s s C .
P e r f o r m s r o u tin e filin g o f m a t e r ia l th at h a s a lr e a d y b e e n
c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ic h is e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s im p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
s y s t e m ( e . g . , a lp h a b e t ic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r n u m e r ic a l).
A s req u ested ,
lo c a t e s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r i a l s ; and m a y
f i l l o u t w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e .
M a y p e r f o r m s im p le c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l ta s k s
r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .




s in g le - p o s it io n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , a c ts b oth as
s e e S w itc h b o a r d O p e r a t o r — and as a r e c e p t io n is t . R e c e p tio n is t's
s u ch d u tie s as g r e e t in g v i s i t o r s ; d e t e r m in in g n a tu re o f v is it o r 's
p r o v id in g a p p r o p r ia t e in fo r m a tio n ; r e f e r r i n g v is it o r to a p p r o ­
in th e o r g a n iz a t io n o r c o n ta c tin g that p e r s o n b y te le p h o n e and
a p p o in tm e n t; k e e p in g a lo g o f v i s i t o r s .

are

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e l s

a c c o r d in g

to

the

fo llo w in g

C la s s A .
H a n d les o r d e r s that in v o lv e m a k in g ju d g m e n ts su ch as
c h o o s in g w h ich s p e c i f i c p r o d u c t o r m a t e r ia l f r o m th e e s t a b lis h m e n t 's p r o d u c t
lin e s w ill s a t is f y th e c u s t o m e r 's n e e d s , o r d e t e r m in in g th e p r ic e to be
q u o te d w h en p r ic in g in v o lv e s m o r e than m e r e l y r e f e r r i n g to a p r ic e lis t o r
m a k in g s o m e s im p le m a t h e m a tic a l c a lc u la t io n s .

19

O R D E R C L E R K — C on tin u ed

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

C la s s B . H a n d le s o r d e r s in v o lv in g it e m s w h ich h a v e r e a d ily id e n ­
t ifie d u s e s and a p p lic a t io n s .
M a y r e f e r to a c a t a lo g , m a n u f a c t u r e r 's m a n u a l,
o r s im il a r d o c u m e n t to in s iir e that p r o p e r it e m is s u p p lie d o r to v e r i f y
p r i c e o f o r d e r e d it e m .

c o s t d is t r ib u t io n , e x p e n s e d is t r ib u t io n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c .
o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r a tio n o f t r i a l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l
th e a cco u n tin g d e p a rtm e n t.

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K

M A C H IN E B IL L E R

P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e a c c o u n t in g c l e r i c a l ta s k s s u ch a s p o s t in g to
r e g i s t e r s and l e d g e r s ; r e c o n c ilin g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; v e r if y in g th e in te r n a l c o n ­
s is t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , and m a t h e m a tic a l a c c u r a c y o f a c c o u n t in g d o c u m e n t s ;
a s s ig n in g p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n tin g d is t r ib u t io n c o d e s ; e x a m in in g and v e r if y in g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s t y p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a lc u la t io n s , p o s t in g ,
e t c .; o r p r e p a r in g s im p le o r a s s is t in g in p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p lic a t e d jo u r n a l
vou ch ers.
M a y w o r k in e it h e r a m a n u a l o r a u to m a te d a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m .

P r e p a r e s s ta t e m e n ts , b i l l s , and in v o i c e s on a m a c h in e o th e r than
an o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a t ic t y p e w r it e r . M a y a ls o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b illin g s
o r sh ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l w o r k in c id e n ta l to b illin g
o p e r a t io n s .
F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e b i l l e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e
o f m a c h in e , as f o llo w s :
B illin g -m a c h in e b i l l e r .
U s e s a s p e c i a l b illin g m a c h in e (c o m b in a t io n
ty p in g arid adding m a ch in e ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s and in v o ic e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s '
p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in te r n a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , sh ip p in g m e m o r a n d a , e t c .
U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a tio n o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n t s and s h ip p in g c h a r g e s
and e n try o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s io n s , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n ot b e c o m p u te d on
th e b illin g m a c h in e , and t o t a ls w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la te d b y
m a c h in e .
T he o p e r a t io n u su a lly in v o lv e s a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p ie s
o f th e b i l l b ein g p r e p a r e d and is o fte n d o n e on a fa n fo ld m a c h in e .

T h e w o r k r e q u ir e s a k n o w le d g e o f c l e r i c a l m e t h o d s and o f f i c e p r a c ­
t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h r e la t e s to th e c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g and r e c o r d in g
o f t r a n s a c t io n s and a c c o u n t in g in fo r m a t io n .
W ith e x p e r ie n c e , th e w o r k e r
t y p ic a lly b e c o m e s f a m ilia r w ith th e b o o k k e e p in g and a c c o u n t in g t e r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in th e a s s ig n e d w o r k , but is n ot r e q u ir e d to h av e a k n o w le d g e
o f th e f o r m a l p r i n c i p l e s o f b o o k k e e p in g and a c c o u n t in g .
P o s it io n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d
d e fin it io n s :

in to

l e v e l s on

th e b a s is o f th e

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e b i l l e r .
U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (w ith o r
w ith ou t a ty p e w r it e r k e y b o a rd ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e
a c c o u n t s r e c e iv a b le o p e r a t io n . G e n e r a l ly in v o lv e s th e s im u lta n e o u s e n tr y o f
f ig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la t e s
f ig u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t ic a l c o lu m n s and c o m p u t e s and u s u a lly p r in t s
a u t o m a t ic a lly the d eb it o r c r e d it b a la n c e s .
D o e s n ot in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e
o f b o o k k e e p in g .
W o r k s f r o m u n ifo r m and s ta n d a rd ty p e s o f s a le s and
c r e d it s lip s .

fo llo w in g

C la s s A . U n d er g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r f o r m s a c c o u n tin g c l e r i c a l
o p e r a t i o n ! w h ic h r e q u ir e th e a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m e n t, f o r
e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s i n g c o m p lic a t e d or n o n r e p e t it iv e a c c o u n t in g t r a n s ­
a c t io n s , s e le c t in g a m o n g a s u b s ta n tia l v a r ie t y o f p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t in g c o d e s
and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c in g t r a n s a c t io n s th r o u g h p r e v io u s a c c o u n t in g
a c tio n s to d e t e r m in e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M ay be a s siste d by on e or
m o r e c l a s s B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .

P A Y R O L L CLERK
P e r f o r m s th e c l e r i c a l ta s k s n e c e s s a r y to p r o c e s s p a y r o l l s and to
m a in ta in p a y r o ll r e c o r d s .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : P r o c e s s i n g
w o r k e r s ' tim e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; a d ju s tin g w o r k e r s ' r e c o r d s f o r ch a n g e s
in w a g e r a t e s , s u p p le m e n ta ry b e n e f it s , o r ta x d e d u c t io n s ; e d itin g p a y r o ll
lis t in g s a g a in st s o u r c e r e c o r d s ; t r a c in g and c o r r e c t i n g e r r o r s in lis t i n g s ;
and a s s is t in g in p r e p a r a tio n o f p e r i o d i c s u m m a r y p a y r o l l r e p o r t s .
In a n o n a u to m a te d p a y r o ll s y s t e m , c o m p u te s w a g e s .
W o r k m a y r e q u ir e a p r a c t i c a l
k n o w le d g e o f g o v e r n m e n t a l r e g u la t io n s , c o m p a n y p a y r o l l p o l i c y , o r th e
c o m p u t e r s y s te m f o r p r o c e s s in g p a y r o l l s .

C la s s B .
U n d er c l o s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s
and s ta n d a r d iz e d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e r o u tin e a c c o u n t in g c l e r ­
ic a l o p e r a t io n s , s u ch a s p o s t in g to l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e
id e n t ific a t io n o f it e m s and lo c a t io n s o f p o s t in g s a r e c l e a r l y in d ic a te d ;
c h e c k in g a c c u r a c y and c o m p le t e n e s s o f s ta n d a r d iz e d and r e p e t it iv e r e c o r d s
o r a c c o u n t in g d o c u m e n t s ; and c o d in g d o c u m e n t s u s in g a fe w p r e s c r i b e d
a c c o u n tin g c o d e s .
B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (w ith o r w ith ou t a t y p e w r it e r k e y ­
b o a rd ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t io n s .

KEY EN TRY O P E R A T O R
O p e r a te s a k eyp u n ch m a c h in e to r e c o r d o r v e r i f y a lp h a b e tic a n d /o r
n u m e r ic data on ta b u la tin g c a r d s o r o n ta p e .

C la s s A .
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n o w le d g e o f and
e x p e r ie n c e in b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m ilia r it y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e
o f th e p a r t ic u la r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m u s e d .
D e t e r m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d is t r ib u t io n o f d e b it and c r e d it it e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l id a t e d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e t s , and o t h e r r e c o r d s b y hand.

P o s it io n s
d e fin it io n s .

a re c la s s ifie d

in to

l e v e l s on

th e b a s is o f th e

fo llo w in g

C la s s A . W o r k r e q u ir e s th e a p p lic a t io n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m e n t
in s e le c t in g p r o c e d u r e s to b e f o llo w e d and in s e a r c h in g f o r , in t e r p r e t in g ,
s e le c t in g , o r c o d in g it e m s to b e k e y p u n ch e d f r o m a v a r ie t y o f s o u r c e d o c u ­
m e n ts .
On o c c a s io n m a y a ls o p e r f o r m s o m e r o u tin e k e y p u n ch w o r k .
M ay
t r a in in e x p e r ie n c e d k ey p u n ch o p e r a t o r s .

C la s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f o n e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a
set o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly r e q u ir in g lit t le k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g .
P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le , p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s
(not in c lu d in g a s im p le ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r m a c h in e b i l l e r ) ,




M ay ch eck
sh eets fo r

20

K E Y E N T R Y O P E R A T O R — C on tin u ed

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS— C o n tin u ed

C la s s B . W o r k is r o u tin e and r e p e t it iv e .
U n der c l o s e s u p e r v is io n
o r fo llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t io n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r io u s s t a n ­
d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s w h ic h h a v e b een c o d e d , and fo llo w s s p e c if ie d
p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h h a v e b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e ta il and r e q u ir e lit t le o r no
s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g o f data to b e r e c o r d e d .
R e f e r s to s u p e r ­
v i s o r p r o b le m s a r is in g f r o m
e r r o n e o u s it e m s o r c o d e s o r m is s in g
in fo r m a t io n .

ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d o c u m e n ts to b e u s e d ; o u tlin e s a c tio n s to be
p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u t e r s in s u ffic ie n t d e t a il f o r p r e s e n ta t io n
to m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m in g ( t y p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p r e p a r a tio n o f
w o r k and data f lo w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d in a t e s th e d e v e lo p m e n t o f te s t p r o b le m s
and p a r t ic ip a t e s in t r i a l ru n s o f n e w and r e v is e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s
eq u ip m en t c h a n g e s to o b ta in m o r e e f fe c t iv e o v e r a l l o p e r a t io n s .
(N O T E :
W o r k e r s p e r f o r m in g b oth s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g sh ou ld be
c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts i f th is is th e s k ill u se d to d e t e r m in e
t h e ir p a y .)

T A B U L A T I N G -M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s o n e o r a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s s u ch as th e t a b u la t o r , c a l c u ­
l a t o r , c o l l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , e t c .
E x c lu d e d f r o m
th is d e fin it io n a r e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s .
A ls o e x c lu d e d a r e o p e r a t o r s o f
e l e c t r o n i c d ig it a l c o m p u t e r s , ev e n th ou gh th e y m a y a ls o o p e r a t e e l e c t r i c
a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e e q u ip m e n t.

D o e s n ot in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s ib le f o r th e m a n a g e ­
m en t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o th e r e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s i n g e m p lo y e e s , o r s y s ­
t e m s a n a ly s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n t if ic o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b le m s .

P o s it io n s a r e
d e fin itio n s .

C la s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s in v o lv in g a ll p h a s e s o f s y s t e m s a n a ly s is .
P r o b le m s a re
c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d iv e r s e s o u r c e s o f input data and m u lt ip le - u s e r e q u i r e ­
m e n ts o f output d a ta . ( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in te g r a t e d p r o d u c tio n s c h e d ­
u lin g , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in w h ich
e v e r y it e m o f e a ch ty p e is a u t o m a t ic a lly p r o c e s s e d th ro u g h th e fu ll s y s te m
o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r ia t e fo llo w u p a c tio n s a r e in itia te d b y the c o m p u te r .)
C o n fe r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m in e th e data p r o c e s s i n g p r o b le m s
and a d v is e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e im p lic a t io n s o f n ew o r r e v is e d
s y s t e m s o f data p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s . M a k e s r e c o m m e n d a t io n s , if n e e d e d ,
f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s in s t a lla tio n s o r ch a n g e s and f o r ob ta in in g
e q u ip m e n t.

c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e ls on

the

b a s is o f th e

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts a r e c l a s s i f i e d as fo llo w s :

fo llo w in g

C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s c o m p le t e r e p o r t in g and ta b u la tin g a s s ig n m e n t s
in c lu d in g d e v is in g d if f ic u l t c o n t r o l p a n e l w ir in g u n d er g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n .
A s s ig n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e a v a r ie t y o f lo n g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ich
o fte n a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r in g , r e q u ir in g s o m e p la n n in g o f th e n a tu re
and s e q u e n c in g o f o p e r a t i o n s , and th e u s e o f a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s .
Is
t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e d in tr a in in g n e w o p e r a t o r s in m a ch in e o p e r a t io n s o r tr a in in g
lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s and in the o p e r a t in g s e q u e n c e s
o f lo n g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n ot in clu d e p o s it io n s in w h ich w ir in g
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is l im it e d to s e le c t io n and in s e r t io n o f p r e w i r e d b o a r d s .

M a y p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l
w ho a r e a s s ig n e d to a s s i s t .

C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d in g to e s ta b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and
u n d e r s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t io n s .
A s s ig n m e n t s t y p ic a lly in v o lv e c o m p le t e but r o u ­
tin e and r e c u r r i n g r e p o r t s o r p a r t s o f la r g e r and m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a t e s m o r e d if f ic u lt ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a cco u n tin g m a c h in e s s u ch as
th e ta b u la t o r and c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d ition to th e s im p le r m a c h in e s u s e d by
c la s s C o p e r a t o r s .
M a y b e r e q u ir e d to do s o m e w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s .
M a y t r a in n e w e m p lo y e e s in b a s i c m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s .

d ir e c t io n

to lo w e r l e v e l

s y s t e m s a n a ly sts

C la s s B . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
p r o b le m s that a r e r e la t iv e ly u n c o m p lic a t e d to a n a ly z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , and
op erate.
P r o b le m s a r e o f lim it e d c o m p le x it y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input data
a r e h o m o g e n e o u s and th e ou tput data a r e c l o s e l y r e la t e d .
( F o r e x a m p le ,
d e v e lo p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in ta in in g d e p o s it o r a c c o u n t s in a b a n k , m a in ta in in g
a c c o u n t s r e c e iv a b le in a r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n t, o r m a in ta in in g in v e n to ry
a c c o u n t s in a m a n u fa c tu r in g o r w h o le s a le e s ta b lis h m e n t.)
C o n fe r s w ith p e r ­
s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m in e th e data p r o c e s s i n g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s
s u b je c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e im p lic a t io n s o f th e da ta p r o c e s s in g s y s te m s
to b e a p p lie d .

C la s s C .
U n d er s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t io n s , o p e r a t e s s im p le ta b u la tin g
o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s su ch as the s o r t e r , i n t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o ­
d u c in g p u n c h , c o l l a t o r , e t c .
A s s ig n m e n t s t y p ic a lly in v o lv e p o r t io n s o f a
w o r k u n it , f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r tin g o r c o lla t in g r u n s , o r r e p e t it iv e
o p e r a t io n s .
M ay p e r fo r m
s im p le w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s , and do s o m e
f ilin g w o r k .

OR

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS

W o r k s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e or s y s t e m ,
as d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly on ro u tin e a s s ig n m e n ts and
r e c e i v e s in s t r u c tio n and g u id a n ce on c o m p le x a s s ig n m e n t s . W o r k is r e v ie w e d
f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t, c o m p lia n c e w ith in s t r u c t io n s , and to in su re p r o p e r
a lig n m e n t w ith th e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .

A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s to fo r m u la te p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g
t h e m b y u s e o f e l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t.
D e v e lo p s a c o m p le t e
d e s c r i p t i o n o f a ll s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d to en a b le p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u ir e d d ig it a l c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m s .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g :
A n a ly z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t io n s to b e a u to m a te d and id e n t ifie s c o n d it io n s
and c r i t e r i a r e q u ir e d to a c h ie v e s a t is f a c t o r y r e s u lt s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r and

C la s s C . W o r k s u n d e r im m e d ia t e s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y in g out a n a ly ­
s e s a s a s s ig n e d , u s u a lly o f a s in g le a c t iv it y .
A s s ig n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d to
d e v e lo p and exp a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r ie n c e in th e a p p lic a tio n o f p r o c e d u r e s and
s k ills r e q u ir e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a ly s is w o r k . F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s i s t a h ig h e r
le v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly s t b y p r e p a r in g th e d e t a ile d s p e c if ic a t io n s r e q u ir e d by
p r o g r a m m e r s f r o m in fo r m a t io n d e v e lo p e d b y th e h ig h e r le v e l a n a ly s t.

Professional and Technical




21

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B U SIN E SS— C o n tin u e d

C o n v e r t s s ta te m e n ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p ic a lly p r e p a r e d b y a
s y s t e m s a n a ly s t , in to a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s w h ic h a r e r e q u ir e d
to s o lv e th e p r o b le m s b y a u to m a tic data p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t. W o r k in g f r o m
c h a r ts o r d ia g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s th e p r e c i s e in s t r u c t io n s w h ic h ,
w hen e n te r e d in to th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d la n g u a g e , c a u s e th e m a n ip u ­
la tio n o f d a ta t o a c h ie v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g :
A p p lie s k n o w le d g e o f c o m p u t e r c a p a b ilit ie s , m a t h e m a t ic s , l o g i c e m p lo y e d b y
c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t ic u la r s u b je c t m a t t e r in v o lv e d to a n a ly z e c h a r t s and
d ia g r a m s o f th e p r o b le m to b e p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s s e q u e n c e o f p r o g r a m
s t e p s ; w r it e s d e t a ile d flo w c h a r t s to s h ow o r d e r in w h ic h da ta w ill be
p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s t h e s e c h a r t s to c o d e d in s t r u c t io n s f o r m a c h in e to f o llo w ;
t e s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s t r u c t io n s f o r o p e r a t in g p e r s o n n e l
d u rin g p r o d u c t io n ru n ; a n a ly z e s , r e v i e w s , and a lt e r s p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e
o p e r a t in g e f f i c i e n c y o r adapt to n ew r e q u ir e m e n t s ; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t and r e v i s i o n s .
(N O T E :
W o r k e r s p e r f o r m in g b oth
s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts
if th is is th e s k ill u s e d to d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)

input data w h ich a r e r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the data h a v e b e e n r e f in e d in p r i o r a c t io n s s o that th e a c c u r a c y
and s e q u e n c in g o f data can b e t e s t e d b y u s in g a fe w ro u tin e c h e c k s . T y p ic a lly ,
th e p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith r o u tin e r e c o r d k e e p in g o p e r a t io n s .
OR
W o r k s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A) u n d e r c l o s e
d ir e c t io n o f a h ig h e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v i s o r .
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r
l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r b y in d e p e n d e n tly p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d if f ic u lt ta s k s a s s i g n e d ,
and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt ta s k s u n d e r f a i r l y c l o s e d ir e c t io n .
M a y gu id e o r in s tr u c t lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s C . M a k es p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a t io n s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t i c e s
and c o n c e p t s u s u a lly le a r n e d in f o r m a l tr a in in g c o u r s e s .
A s s ig n m e n t s a r e
d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e t e n c e in th e a p p lic a tio n o f s ta n d a rd p r o c e d u r e s to
r o u tin e p r o b le m s . R e c e iv e s c l o s e s u p e r v is io n on n ew a s p e c t s o f a s s ig n m e n t s ;
and w o r k is r e v ie w e d to v e r i f y its a c c u r a c y an d c o n fo r m a n c e w ith r e q u ir e d
procedu res.

D o e s n ot in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s ib le f o r th e m a n a g e ­
m en t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o th e r e le c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o ­
g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n t if ic a n d /o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .

F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s ,

COM PUTER OPERATOR

p r o g r a m m e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s f o llo w s

M o n ito r s and o p e r a t e s th e c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d ig it a l c o m p u t e r to
p r o c e s s da ta a c c o r d in g to o p e r a t in g i n s t r u c t io n s , u s u a lly p r e p a r e d b y a p r o ­
gram m er.
W o r k in c lu d e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : S tu d ie s in s t r u c t io n s to
d e t e r m in e eq u ip m en t setu p and o p e r a t io n s ; lo a d s e q u ip m e n t w ith r e q u ir e d
it e m s (ta p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c .) ; s w it c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia r y e q u ip m e n t into
c i r c u i t , and s ta rts and o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d ju s tm e n t s to c o m p u t e r to
c o r r e c t o p e r a tin g p r o b le m s and m e e t s p e c ia l c o n d it io n s ; r e v ie w s e r r o r s m a d e
d u rin g o p e r a t io n and d e t e r m in e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m to s u p e r v is o r o r
p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a in ta in s o p e r a t in g r e c o r d s .
M a y t e s t and a s s i s t in
c o r r e c tin g p r o g ra m .

C la s s A .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s w h ich r e q u ir e c o m p e t e n c e in a ll p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m m in g
c o n c e p t s and p r a c t i c e s .
W o r k in g f r o m d ia g r a m s and c h a r t s w h ic h id e n tify
th e n a tu re o f d e s ir e d r e s u l t s , m a jo r p r o c e s s i n g s te p s to b e a c c o m p lis h e d ,
and th e r e la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n v a r io u s s te p s o f th e p r o b l e m s o lv in g r o u tin e ;
p la n s th e fu ll r a n g e o f p r o g r a m m in g a c t io n s n e e d e d to e f fic i e n t ly u t iliz e th e
c o m p u te r s y s t e m in a c h ie v in g d e s i r e d end p r o d u c t s .

A t th is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m in g is d if f ic u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m en t
m u st b e o r g a n iz e d to p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in t e r r e la t e d but d i v e r s e p r o d u c t s f r o m
n u m e r o u s and d i v e r s e data e le m e n t s .
A w id e v a r ie t y and e x t e n s iv e n u m b e r
o f in te r n a l p r o c e s s i n g a c t io n s m u s t o c c u r .
T h is r e q u ir e s su ch a c t io n s as
d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t io n s w h ich ca n b e r e u s e d , e s ta b lis h m e n t o f
lin k a g e p o in ts b e tw e e n o p e r a t io n s , a d ju s tm e n ts to da ta w h en p r o g r a m r e q u i r e ­
m e n ts e x c e e d c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c it y , and s u b s ta n tia l m a n ip u la tio n and
r e s e q u e n c in g o f data e le m e n t s to f o r m a h ig h ly in te g r a t e d p r o g r a m .

M a y p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l
a r e a s s ig n e d to a s s i s t .

For

pu rposes,

co m p u te r

o p era tors

are

c la s s ifie d

as

C la s s A . O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n ,
a c o m p u t e r running p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
N ew p r o g r a m s a r e fr e q u e n tly t e s t e d and in t r o d u c e d ; s c h e d u lin g r e q u ir e m e n t s
a r e o f c r i t i c a l im p o r t a n c e to m i n im iz e d o w n tim e ; th e p r o g r a m s a r e o f
c o m p le x d e s ig n so that id e n tific a t io n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o fte n r e q u ir e s a w o r k in g
k n o w le d g e o f the to t a l p r o g r a m , and a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y n ot b e a v a ila b le .
M a y g iv e d ir e c t io n and g u id a n ce to lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .

d ir e c t io n to lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s w ho

C la s s B .
O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n ,
a c o m p u t e r running p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
M o s t o f th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b lis h e d p r o d u c t io n r u n s , t y p ic a lly run on a
r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; t h e r e is lit t le o r no t e s t in g o f n e w p r o g r a m s
r e q u ir e d ; a lte r n a te p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v id e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m n e e d s
m a jo r ch a n g e o r ca n n ot b e c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b ly s h o r t t i m e .
In

C la s s B .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
r e la t iv e ly s im p le p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le s e g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n ts ) u s u a lly p r o c e s s in fo r m a tio n to p r o d u c e d a ta in tw o
o r t h r e e v a r ie d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s .
R e p o r t s and lis t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d by
r e fin in g , a d a p tin g , a r r a y in g , o r m a k in g m in o r a d d itio n s to o r d e le t io n s f r o m




w a g e stu dy

f o llo w s :

22

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — C on tin u ed

D R A F T E R -T R A C E R

c o m m o n e r r o r s it u a t io n s , d ia g n o s e s c a u s e and ta k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c tio n .
T h is
u s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p ly in g p r e v io u s ly p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u sin g
s ta n d a r d c o r r e c t i o n te c h n iq u e s .

C o p ie s
c lo th o r p a p e r
in c lu d e t r a c in g
la r g e s c a le not

p la n s and d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o th e r s by p la c in g t r a c in g
o v e r d r a w in g s and t r a c in g w ith p en o r p e n c il.
(D o e s not
lim it e d to p la n s p r i m a r i l y c o n s is t in g o f s tra ig h t lin e s and a
r e q u ir in g c l o s e d e lin e a tio n .)

OR
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v is io n a c o m p u te r ru nn ing p r o g r a m s o r
s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s w ith th e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c la s s A .
M ay
a s s i s t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r b y in d ep en d en tly p e r fo r m in g l e s s d iffic u lt ta s k s
a s s i g n e d , and p e r f o r m i n g d if f ic u lt ta s k s fo llo w in g d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s and
w ith fr e q u e n t r e v ie w o f o p e r a t io n s p e r fo r m e d .

C la s s C .
W o r k s on r o u tin e p r o g r a m s u n d er c l o s e s u p e r v is io n .
Is
e x p e c t e d to d e v e lo p w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f th e c o m p u te r eq u ip m en t u s e d and
a b ilit y to d e t e c t p r o b le m s in v o lv e d in running rou tin e p r o g r a m s .
U s u a lly has
r e c e i v e d s o m e f o r m a l t r a in in g in c o m p u te r o p e r a t io n .
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r
l e v e l o p e r a t o r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
DRAFTER
C la s s A .
P la n s th e g r a p h ic p r e s e n ta t io n o f c o m p le x it e m s h avin g
d is t in c t iv e d e s ig n f e a t u r e s th at d if f e r s ig n ific a n tly f r o m e s ta b lis h e d d r a ftin g
p r e ce d e n ts.
W o r k s in c l o s e su p p o rt w ith th e d e s ig n o r ig i n a t o r , and m a y
r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s .
A n a ly z e s th e e ffe c t o f e a c h ch a n g e on the
d e t a ils o f f o r m , fu n c t io n , and p o s it io n a l r e la t io n s h ip s o f c o m p o n e n t s and
p a r t s . W o r k s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is t a n c e . C o m p le te d w o r k is
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r ig i n a t o r f o r c o n s is t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r ­
m in a t io n s . M a y e it h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s o r d ir e c t th e ir p r e p a r a t io n b y lo w e r
le v e l d r a fte r s .
C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s n o n ro u tin e and c o m p le x d r a ftin g a s s ig n m e n t s
th at r e q u ir e th e a p p lic a t io n o f m o s t o f th e s ta n d a rd iz e d d r a w in g te c h n iq u e s
r e g u la r ly u s e d .
D u tie s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e su ch w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g
d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith ir r e g u la r s h a p e s , m u ltip le f u n c t io n s , and
p r e c i s e p o s it io n a l r e la t io n s h ip s b etw een co m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h it e c t u r a l
d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t io n o f a b u ild in g in clu d in g d e ta il d r a w in g s o f f o u n ­
d a t io n s , w a ll s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p la n s , and r o o f .
U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u la s and
m a n u a ls in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y co m p u ta tio n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n titie s o f
m a t e r ia ls to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s tr e n g t h s , s t r e s s e s , e t c .
R e c e iv e s
in it ia l i n s t r u c t io n s , r e q u ir e m e n t s , and a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le t e d
w o r k is c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .
C la s s C .
P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s o f sin g le u n its o r p a r t s f o r
e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n , m a n u fa c tu r in g , o r r e p a ir p u r p o s e s .
Types of
d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o je c t io n s (d e p ic tin g t h r e e d im e n s io n s
in a c c u r a t e s c a le ) and s e c t i o n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s it io n in g o f c o m p o n e n t s
and c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a t io n .
C o n s o lid a te s d e ta ils f r o m a n u m b e r o f
s o u r c e s and a d ju s ts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ir e d .
S u g g e s te d m e th o d s o f
a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r ia ls a r e g iv e n
w ith in it ia l a s s i g n m e n t s .
I n s t r u c tio n s a r e l e s s c o m p le t e w h en a s s ig n m e n t s
recu r.
W o r k m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .




A N D /O R
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e t it iv e d r a w in g s o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d it e m s .
W o r k is c l o s e l y s u p e r v is e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .
E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N
W o r k s on v a r io u s ty p e s o f e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m en t and r e la t e d d e v ic e s
b y p e r fo r m in g on e o r a c o m b in a tio n o f th e fo llo w in g :
In s ta llin g , m a in ta in in g ,
r e p a ir in g , o v e r h a u lin g , t r o u b le s h o o t in g , m o d ify in g , c o n s t r u c t in g , and te s t in g .
W o r k r e q u ir e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a tio n o f t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e o f e le c t r o n ic s
p r i n c i p l e s , a b ilit y to d e t e r m in e m a lfu n c t io n s , and s k ill to put eq u ip m en t in
r e q u ir e d o p e r a t in g c o n d it io n .
T h e eq u ip m en t— c o n s is t in g o f e ith e r m a n y d iffe r e n t kinds o f c ir c u it s
o r m u lt ip le r e p e tit io n o f th e s a m e k in d o f c ir c u it — in c lu d e s , but is not lim ite d
t o , th e fo llo w in g :
(a) E le c t r o n i c t r a n s m it tin g and r e c e iv in g eq u ip m en t ( e . g . ,
r a d a r , r a d io , t e l e v i s i o n , te le p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v ig a tio n a l a i d s ) , (b) d ig ita l and
a n a lo g c o m p u t e r s , and (c ) in d u s t r ia l and m e d ic a l m e a s u r in g and c o n tr o llin g
e q u ip m e n t.
T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c lu d e s r e p a i r e r s o f su ch sta n d a rd e le c t r o n ic
eq u ip m en t a s c o m m o n o f f i c e m a c h in e s and h o u s e h o ld r a d io and t e l e v is io n
s e t s ; p r o d u c t io n a s s e m b l e r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y duty is
s e r v ic in g e le c t r o n i c t e s t in s t r u m e n ts ; t e c h n ic ia n s w ho h av e a d m in is t r a tiv e
o r s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s i g n e r s , and p r o f e s s io n a l
e n g in e e r s .
P o s it io n s
d e fin it io n s .

are

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e ls on th e b a s is o f the fo llo w in g

C la s s A . A p p lie s a d v a n ce t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e u n u su a lly
c o m p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e . , t h o s e that t y p ic a lly ca n n o t b e s o lv e d s o le ly by r e f e r ­
e n c e to m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a ls o r s im il a r d o c u m e n ts ) in w o rk in g on e l e c ­
t r o n ic e q u ip m e n t.
E x a m p le s o f su ch p r o b le m s in clu d e lo c a t io n and d e n s ity o f
c i r c u i t r y , e le c t r o m a g n e t ic r a d ia t io n , is o la t in g m a lfu n c t io n s , and fre q u e n t
e n g in e e r in g c h a n g e s .
W o r k in v o lv e s ;
A d e t a ile d u n d e r sta n d in g o f the i n t e r ­
r e la t io n s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g in d ep en d en t ju d g m e n t in p e r fo r m in g su ch
ta s k s as m a k in g c ir c u i t a n a ly s e s , c a lc u la tin g w a v e f o r m s , tr a c in g r e l a t i o n ­
sh ip s in s ig n a l flo w ; and r e g u la r ly u s in g c o m p le x t e s t in str u m e n ts ( e . g . , dual
t r a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia tio n m e t e r s , p u ls e g e n e r a t o r s ) .
W o r k m a y b e r e v ie w e d by s u p e r v is o r (fr e q u e n t ly an e n g in e e r o r
d e s ig n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s .
M ay p r o v id e
t e c h n ic a l g u id a n c e to lo w e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .
C la s s B . A p p lie s c o m p r e h e n s iv e t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e c o m ­
p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e . , t h o s e that t y p ic a lly ca n b e s o lv e d s o le ly b y p r o p e r ly
in te r p r e tin g m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a ls o r s im il a r d o c u m e n ts ) in w o rk in g on

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — C on tin u ed

M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R IC IA N

e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s :
A f a m ilia r it y w ith th e in t e r r e l a t i o n ­
s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; and ju d g m e n t in d e t e r m in in g w o r k s e q u e n c e and in s e le c t in g
t o o l s and t e s t in g in s t r u m e n t s , u s u a lly l e s s c o m p le x th an t h o s e u s e d b y th e
c l a s s A t e c h n ic ia n .

P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c tio n s s u c h a s th e in s t a l­
la t io n , m a in te n a n ce , o r r e p a ir o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d is t r ib u t io n ,
o r u t iliz a t io n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e fo llo w in g :
In sta llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m en t s u ch as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w it c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c ir c u it
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h eatin g u n its , co n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m is s io n
eq u ip m e n t; w o rk in g f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , la y o u t s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i ­
c a t io n s ; lo c a tin g and d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in th e e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip ­
m e n t; w o r k in g s ta n d a rd co m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s o f w ir in g
o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m en t; and u s in g a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls and
m e a s u r in g and te s t in g in s t r u m e n ts .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e
e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

R e c e i v e s t e c h n ic a l g u id a n c e , a s r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r
le v e l t e c h n ic ia n , and w o r k is r e v ie w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p t e d
p r a c t i c e s and w o r k a s s ig n m e n t s .
M a y p r o v id e t e c h n ic a l g u id a n ce to lo w e r
le v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .
C la s s C . A p p lie s w o r k in g t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to p e r f o r m s im p le o r
ro u tin e ta s k s in w o r k in g on e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t, fo llo w in g d e t a ile d i n s t r u c ­
tio n s w h ic h c o v e r v ir t u a lly a ll p r o c e d u r e s .
W o r k t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s s u ch
ta s k s a s :
A s s is t in g h ig h e r le v e l t e c h n ic ia n s b y p e r f o r m in g s u ch a c t i v it ie s as
r e p la c in g c o m p o n e n t s , w ir in g c i r c u i t s , and ta k in g t e s t r e a d in g s ; r e p a ir in g
s im p le e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t; and u s in g t o o l s and c o m m o n t e s t in s t r u m e n ts
( e . g . , m u lt im e t e r s , a u d io s ig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tu b e t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) .
Is n ot r e q u ir e d to b e f a m ilia r w ith th e in t e r r e la t io n s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s .
T h is
k n o w le d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y b e a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a s s ig n m e n t s d e s ig n e d to
in c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e (in c lu d in g c l a s s r o o m tr a in in g ) s o that w o r k e r ca n
a d v a n ce to h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n .
R e c e i v e s t e c h n ic a l g u id a n c e , a s r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r
le v e l t e c h n ic ia n .
W o r k is t y p ic a lly sp ot c h e c k e d , but is g iv e n d e t a ile d r e v ie w
w hen n e w o r a d v a n c e d a s s ig n m e n t s a r e in v o lv e d .
R E G IS T E R E D IN D U S T R IA L N U RSE S
A r e g is t e r e d n u r s e w ho g iv e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d ic a l
d ir e c t io n to ill o r in ju r e d e m p lo y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r
s u ffe r an a c c id e n t on th e p r e m i s e s o f a f a c t o r y o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t a id to thq il l o r
in ju r e d ; a tten d in g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s in g o f e m p l o y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k e e p in g
r e c o r d s o f p a tie n ts t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t io n o r
o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t in g in p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s and h e a lth e v a lu a tio n s o f
a p p lic a n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and p la n n in g and c a r r y i n g out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g
h ea lth e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a lu a tio n o f pla n t e n v ir o n m e n t , o r
o th e r a c t i v it ie s a ffe c t in g th e h e a lth , w e l f a r e , and s a fe t y o f a ll p e r s o n n e l.
N u rs in g s u p e r v is o r s o r h ea d n u r s e s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e than
on e n u r s e a r e e x c lu d e d .

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant

M A IN T E N A N C E P A IN T E R
P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , and f ix t u r e s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s th e f o llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u lia r it ie s
and ty p e s o f pain t r e q u ir e d f o r d if f e r e n t a p p lic a t io n s ; p r e p a r in g s u r f a c e f o r
p a in tin g b y re m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p la c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o le s and
i n t e r s t i c e s ; and a p p ly in g pain t w ith s p r a y gun o r b r u s h .
M ay m ix c o lo r s ,
o i l s , w h ite le a d , and o th e r pain t in g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o l o r o r
c o n siste n c y .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p a in te r r e q u ir e s
ro u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n ­
t i c e s h ip o r eq u iv a len t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E M A C H IN IST
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s and n e w p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a ir s o f
m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W ork
in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : I n te r p r e tin g w r it t e n in s t r u c t io n s and s p e c i- f ic a t io n s ; pla n n in g and la y in g out o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in is t 's
h a n d to o ls and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a t in g
s ta n d a rd m a ch in e t o o l s ; sh a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g
s ta n d a rd sh op c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o l in g , f e e d s ,
and s p e e d s o f m a ch in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f th e c o m m o n
m e t a ls ; s e le c t in g sta n d a rd m a t e r ia ls , p a r t s , and e q u ip m e n t r e q u ir e d f o r th is
w o r k ; and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a r t s in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t. In g e n e r a l,
th e m a c h in is t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a r o u n d e d tr a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p
p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M a c h in e r y )

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u tie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t and m a in ta in
in g o o d r e p a ir b u ild in g w o o d w o r k a n d eq u ip m en t su ch as b in s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s ,
b e n c h e s , p a r t it i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d
in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g :
P la n n in g and
la y in g out o f w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t io n s ;
u sin g a v a r ie t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o ls , p o r t a b le p o w e r t o o l s , and s ta n d a rd
m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n ts ; m a k in g s ta n d a rd s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n ­
s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e le c t in g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y f o r th e w o r k .
In g e n e r a l,
the w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r i ­
e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .

R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l
eq u ip m en t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d is m a n t lin g o r p a r t ly d is m a n t lin g
m a c h in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s th at m a in ly in v o lv e th e u s e o f h a n d to o ls in
s c r a p in g and fittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t iv e p a r t s w ith it e m s
o b ta in e d f r o m s to c k ; o r d e r in g th e p r o d u c t io n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a
m a c h in e sh op o r sen d in g th e m a c h in e t o a m a c h in e sh o p f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s ;
p r e p a r in g w ritte n s p e c if ic a t io n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s o r f o r th e p r o d u c t io n o f
p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a ch in e s h o p s ; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m a k in g a ll
n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts f o r o p e r a t io n .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f a m a c h in e r y
m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly




M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M a c h in e r y )— C on tin u ed

M IL L W R IG H T — C on tin u ed

a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r eq u iv a len t t r a in in g and e x p e r i ­
en ce.
E x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u tie s
in v o lv e s e ttin g up o r a d ju s tin g m a c h in e s .

w o r k ; in te r p r e tin g b lu e p r in ts o r o th e r s p e c if ic a t io n s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f h an d t o o l s and r ig g in g ; m a k in g s ta n d a rd sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s re la tin g to s t r e s s e s ,
s tre n g th o f m a t e r ia ls , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lig n in g and b a la n cin g e q u ip ­
m e n t; s e le c t in g s ta n d a rd t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t, and p a r t s to b e u s e d ; and in sta llin g
and m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m is s io n e q u ip m e n t su ch a s d r iv e s
and s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l, th e m i llw r ig h t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a
ro u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC ( M o t o r V e h ic le s )
R e p a ir s a u t o m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f am e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u t o m o t iv e e q u ip ­
m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g eq u ip m en t and p e r fo r m in g
r e p a i r s that in v o lv e th e u s e o f s u ch h a n d to o ls as w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r i l l s ,
o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n
o r d e f e c t iv e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g rin d in g and a d ju s tin g v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g
and in s t a llin g th e v a r io u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h ic le and m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
a d ju s t m e n t s ; and a lig n in g w h e e l s , a d ju s tin g b r a k e s and lig h t s , o r tig h te n in g
b o d y b o lt s .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m o t o r v e h ic le m a in te n a n ce m e c h a n ic
r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s not in clu d e
t o m e r s ' v e h i c l e s in a u t o m o b ile r e p a ir s h o p s .

m e c h a n ic s

w ho

r e p a ir

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R
A s s i s t s on e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k ille d m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s , by
p e r fo r m in g s p e c i f i c o r g e n e r a l d u tie s o f l e s s e r s k ill, su ch as k e ep in g a
w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r ia ls and t o o l s ; c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e ,
and eq u ip m e n t; a s s i s t in g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls o r t o o l s ; and p e r ­
f o r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d ta s k s a s d ir e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T he kind o f w o rk
th e h e lp e r is p e r m it t e d to p e r f o r m v a r ie s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e :
In s o m e
t r a d e s th e h e lp e r is c o n fin e d to s u p p ly in g , lift in g , and h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls and
t o o l s , and c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; and in o t h e r s he is p e r m it t e d to p e r f o r m
s p e c ia liz e d m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e that a r e a ls o p e r fo r m e d
b y w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s is .

cu s­

M A IN T E N A N C E P I P E F I T T E R

M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R (T O O L R O O M )

I n s t a lls o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s te a m , g a s , o r o th e r ty p e s o f p ip e and
p ip e fit t in g s in an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : L a y in g
ou t w o r k and m e a s u r in g to lo c a t e p o s it io n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o th e r
w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; cu ttin g v a r io u s s iz e s o f p ip e to c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith
c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y le n e t o r c h o r p ip e -c u t tin g m a c h in e s ; th re a d in g
p ip e w ith s t o c k s and d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d -d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n
m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s and fa s te n in g p ip e t o h a n g e r s ;
m a k in g s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to p r e s s u r e s , f lo w , and s iz e o f
p ip e r e q u ir e d ; and m a k in g s ta n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m in e w h e th e r f in is h e d p ip e s
m e e t s p e c ific a t io n s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n ce p ip e fit t e r
r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
W o rk e r s p r im a r ily
e n g a g e d in in s t a llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g sa n ita tion o r h ea tin g s y s t e m s
a r e e x c lu d e d .

S p e c ia liz e s in o p e r a t in g , o n e o r m o r e than o n e ty p e o f m a ch in e
t o o l ( e . g . , ji g b o r e r , g rin d in g m a c h in e , en g in e la th e , m illin g m a ch in e ) to
m a c h in e m e t a l f o r u s e in m a k in g o r m a in ta in in g j i g s , f ix t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o l s ,
g a u g e s , o r m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s u s e d in sh a p in g o r fo r m in g m e ta l o r
n o n m e ta llic m a t e r ia l ( e . g . , p l a s t i c , p l a s t e r , r u b b e r , g la s s ) .
W o r k t y p ic a lly
in v o lv e s : P la n n in g and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m a ch in in g o p e r a t io n s w h ich
.r e q u ir e c o m p lic a t e d s e tu p s o r a h igh d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; se ttin g up m a ch in e
t o o l o r t o o l s ( e . g . , in s t a ll cu ttin g t o o l s and a d ju s t g u id e s , s to p s , w o rk in g
t a b le s , and o th e r c o n t r o ls to h an d le th e s iz e o f s t o c k to b e m a ch in e d ;
d e t e r m in e p r o p e r f e e d s , s p e e d s , t o o l in g , and o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e o r s e le c t
t h o s e p r e s c r i b e d in d r a w in g s , b lu e p r in t s , o r la y o u t s ); u sin g a v a r ie t y o f
p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n ts ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts d u rin g
m a c h in in g o p e r a t io n to a c h ie v e r e q u is it e d im e n s io n s to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s .
M a y b e r e q u ir e d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n ts and cu ttin g and lu b r ic a tin g o i l s ,
to r e c o g n iz e w hen t o o l s n e e d d r e s s in g , and to d r e s s t o o l s .
In g e n e r a l, the
w o r k o f a m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r ( t o o lr o o m ) at th e s k ill l e v e l c a lle d fo r in
th is c la s s i f i c a t i o n r e q u ir e s e x t e n s iv e k n o w le d g e o f m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o l ­
r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h c o n s i d e r a b le o n - t h e - jo b tr a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , and m a in ta in s in g o o d r e p a ir th e s h e e t -m e t a l
eq u ip m e n t and f ix t u r e s ( s u c h a s m a ch in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e lv e s ,
l o c k e r s , ta n k s , v e n t ila t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e ta l ro o fin g ) o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
P la n n in g and la y in g out a ll ty p e s o f
s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in ts , m o d e ls , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i ­
c a t i o n s ; s e tt in g up and o p e r a t in g a ll a v a ila b le ty p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g
m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r ie t y o f h a n d to o ls in cu ttin g , b en d in g , f o r m in g , s h a p in g ,
fit t in g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s t a llin g s h e e t -m e t a l a r t i c le s a s r e q u ir e d .
In
g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t -m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d
t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g an d e x p e r i e n c e .

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , th is c la s s if i c a t io n d o e s not
in clu d e m a c h in e -t o o l o p e r a t o r s ( t o o lr o o m ) e m p lo y e d in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g
sh op s.
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
C o n s t r u c ts and r e p a ir s j i g s , f ix t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o l s , g a u g e s , o r
m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s u s e d in s h a p in g o r f o r m in g m e t a l o r n o n m e ta llic
m a t e r ia l ( e . g . , p l a s t i c , p l a s t e r , r u b b e r , g la s s ) .
W o r k ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s :
P la n n in g and la y in g out w o r k a c c o r d in g to m o d e ls , b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , o r
o th e r w r itte n o r o r a l s p e c if ic a t io n s ; u n d e r s ta n d in g th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t ie s o f
c o m m o n m e t a ls and a llo y s ; s e le c t in g a p p r o p r ia t e m a t e r ia ls , t o o l s , and

M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a lls n e w m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t, and d is m a n t le s and
in s t a lls m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w hen ch a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e
r e q u ir e d .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : P la n n in g and la y in g out




25

T O O L A N D DIE M A K E R — C o n tin u ed

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K

p r o c e s s e s r e q u ir e d to c o m p le t e t a s k s ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y sh op c o m p u ta tio n s ;
s e ttin g up and o p e r a t in g v a r io u s m a c h in e t o o l s and r e la t e d e q u ip m e n t; u sin g
v a r io u s t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n ts ;
w o rk in g to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; h e a t -t r e a t in g m e t a l p a r t s and fin is h e d t o o l s
and d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a lit ie s ; fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a r t s to p r e ­
s c r ib e d t o l e r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l, th e t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's
w o r k r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e
u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m e n t, o r r e c e i v e s and is r e s p o n s ib le
f o r in c o m in g sh ip m en ts 01 m e r c h a n d is e o r o t h e r m a t e r ia ls .
S h ip p in g w o r k
i n v o lv e s : A k n o w le d g e o f sh ip p in g p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a ila b le
m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a tio n , and r a t e s ; a nd p r e p a r in g r e c o r d s o f th e g o o d s
s h ip p e d , m a k in g up b ills o f la d in g , p o s t in g w e ig h t and s h ip p in g c h a r g e s , and
k e e p in g a f ile o f sh ip p in g r e c o r d s .
M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r in g th e
m e r c h a n d is e fo r s h ip m e n t.
R e c e iv in g w o r k in v o l v e s ; V e r if y in g o r d ir e c t in g
o t h e r s in v e r ify in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f s h ip m e n ts a g a in st b i l l s o f la d in g ,
in v o i c e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r s h o r t a g e s and r e je c t in g d a m a g e d
g o o d s ; rou tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r ia ls t o p r o p e r d e p a r tm e n t s ; and m a in ­
ta in in g n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and f i l e s .

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s not
in clu d e t o o l and d ie m a k e r s w ho (1) a r e e m p lo y e d in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g
sh o p s o r (2) p r o d u c e f o r g in g d ie s (d ie s in k e r s ) .

F or

O p e r a t e s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e th e o p e r a t io n o f
s ta tio n a r y e n g in e s and eq u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n ic a l o r e le c t r i c a l ) to s u p p ly th e
e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , h e a t, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r c o n d it io n in g .
W o r k in v o lv e s ;
O p e r a t in g and m a in ta in in g eq u ip m e n t s u ch as
s te a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b in e s , v e n tila tin g
and r e f r ig e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t, s te a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a te r p u m p s ;
m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; and k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y ,
t e m p e r a t u r e , an d fu e l c o n s u m p tio n .
M a y a ls o s u p e r v is e t h e s e o p e r a t io n s .
H ead o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e than o n e e n g in e e r
a r e e x c lu d e d ^

pu rposes,

w ork ers

are

c la s s ifie d

as

f o llo w s ;

W AREHOUSEM AN
A s d ir e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f w a r e h o u s in g d u tie s w h ich r e q u ir e
an u n d e r sta n d in g o f th e e s t a b lis h m e n t 's s t o r a g e p la n . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e f o llo w in g ; V e r ify in g m a t e r ia ls ( o r m e r c h a n d is e ) a g a in st r e c e iv in g
d o c u m e n t s , n otin g and r e p o r tin g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and o b v io u s d a m a g e s ; r o u tin g
m a t e r ia ls to p r e s c r i b e d s to r a g e lo c a t io n s ; s t o r i n g , s t a c k in g , o r p a lle t iz in g
m a t e r ia ls in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m e t h o d s ; r e a r r a n g in g and
ta k in g in v e n to r y o f s t o r e d m a t e r ia ls ; e x a m in in g s t o r e d m a t e r ia ls and
r e p o r t in g d e t e r io r a t io n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v in g m a t e r ia l f r o m s t o r a g e and
p r e p a r in g it f o r sh ip m en t.
M a y o p e r a t e hand o r p o w e r t r u c k s in p e r f o r m in g
w a r e h o u s in g d u tie s .

B O IL E R T E N D E R
F i r e s s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r s to fu r n is h th e e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich
e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t, p o w e r , o r s te a m .
F e e d s f u e ls to f i r e b y hand o r
o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; and c h e c k s w a te r and
s a fe ty v a lv e s .
M a y c le a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a ir in g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.

E x clu d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u t i e s
in v o lv e s h ip p in g and
r e c e iv in g w o r k ( s e e Shipping and R e c e iv in g C le r k and S h ip p in g P a c k e r ) ,
o r d e r f illin g ( s e e O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a t in g p o w e r t r u c k s ( s e e P o w e r - T r u c k
O p e ra to r).

Material Movement and Custodial

O R D E R F IL L E R
F il ls sh ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r fin is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d
m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a le s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s t r u c t io n s .
M a y , in a d d itio n to f illin g o r d e r s and i n d i ­
ca tin g it e m s f ille d o r o m itt e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u is it io n
a d d itio n a l s to c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p lie s to s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m o th e r
r e la t e d d u tie s .

T R U C K D R IV E R
D r iv e s a t r u c k w ith in a c it y o r in d u s t r ia l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e ­
r i a l s , m e r c h a n d is e , e q u ip m e n t, o r w o r k e r s b e tw e e n v a r io u s ty p e s o f e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts su ch a s ; M a n u fa ctu rin g p la n ts , fr e ig h t d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e ­
s a le a n d r e t a i l e s t a b lis h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n ts and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M a y a ls o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith
o r w ith ou t h e l p e r s , m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p t r u c k in g o o d
w o rk in g o r d e r . S a le s r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .

SH IP P IN G P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p la c in g th e m
in sh ip p in g c o n t a in e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t
u p on th e ty p e , s i z e , and n u m b e r o f u n its to b e p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n t a in e r
e m p lo y e d , and m e th o d o f s h ip m e n t.
W o r k r e q u ir e s th e p la c in g o f it e m s in
sh ip p in g c o n ta in e r s and m a y in v o lv e on e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g ; K n o w le d g e
o f v a r io u s ite m s o f s to c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y c o n te n t; s e le c t io n o f a p p r o p r ia t e
ty p e and s iz e o f c o n ta in e r ; in s e r tin g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a in e r ; u sin g e x c e l s i o r
o r o th e r m a t e r ia l to p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c lo s i n g and s e a lin g c o n ­
t a in e r ; and a p p lyin g la b e ls o r e n te r in g id e n tify in g d a ta on c o n t a in e r . P a c k e r s
w h o a ls o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s iz e and
ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t, as f o llo w s ;
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld b e r a te d on th e b a s is
o f t r a i l e r c a p a c it y .)




stu dy

Shipping c l e r k
R e c e iv in g c le r k
Sh ipping and r e c e iv in g c l e r k

S T A T IO N A R Y E N G IN E E R

T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,

w age

lig h t t r u c k (u n d e r l V 2 to n s )
m e d iu m t r u c k ( I V 2 to and in clu d in g 4 to n s )
h e a v y t r u c k ( t r a ile r ) ( o v e r 4 ton s)
h e a v y t r u c k (o t h e r than t r a i l e r ) ( o v e r 4 to n s )

26

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G L A B O R E R

GUARD AND W ATCHM AN

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa ctu rin g p la n t, s t o r e , o r
o t h e r e s ta b lis h m e n t w h o s e d u tie s in v o lv e on e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
L o a d in g and u n lo a d in g v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m fr e ig h t
c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t in g d e v i c e s ; u n p a ck in g , s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t io n ; and t r a n s p o r t in g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d tru c k , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w .
L on gshore
w o r k e r s , w h o lo a d and u n lo a d s h ip s , a r e e x c lu d e d .

G u a rd .
P e r f o r m s ro u tin e p o l i c e d u t ie s , e it h e r at fix e d p o s t o r on
t o u r , m a in ta in in g o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
In clu d e s
g u a r d s w ho a r e s ta tio n e d at g a te a nd c h e c k on id e n tity o f e m p lo y e e s and
o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .
W a tc h m a n . M a k e s ro u n d s o f p r e m i s e s
p r o p e r t y a g a in s t f i r e , t h e ft, and i l le g a l e n tr y .

p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o te c t in g

P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R
J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R
O p e r a t e s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k
o r t r a c t o r t o t r a n s p o r t g o o d s and m a t e r ia ls o f a ll k in d s a b ou t a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t, o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t.

tru ck ,

C le a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d it io n f a c t o r y w o rk in g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a rtm e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r i c a l
o r o th e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o llo w in g :
S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g c h ip s , t r a s h ,
and o t h e r r e f u s e ; d u s tin g e q u ip m e n t, f u r n it u r e , o r f ix t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e ta l
f ix t u r e s o r t r im m in g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p lie s and m in o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ;
and c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s who s p e c ia liz e
in w in d o w w a s h in g a r e e x c lu d e d .

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f p o w e r as fo llo w s :
F o r k lif t o p e r a t o r
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r ( o t h e r than fo r k lift )




27

Service Contract
Act Surveys
T h e fo llo w in g a r e a s a re s u r ­
v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f o r u se in a d m in ­
is t e r in g th e S e r v i c e C o n tr a c t A ct
o f 1965.
S u r v e y r e s u lt s a re p u b ­
lis h e d in r e le a s e s w h ic h a re a v a ila ­
b le , at no c o s t , w h ile s u p p lie s la s t
f r o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l o f f i c e s
sh ow n on th e b a c k c o v e r .
A la s k a (s t a te w id e )
A lb a n y , G a.
A le x a n d r ia —L e e s v i l l e , L a .
A lp e n a — ta n d ish — a w a s C it y , M ic h .
S
T
Ann A r b o r , M ic h .
A tla n tic C it y , N .J .
A u g u s ta , G a .— .C .
S
A u s tin , T e x .
B a k e r s f ie ld , C a lif.
B a to n R o u g e , L a .
B a ttle C r e e k , M ic h .
B e a u m o n t— o r t A r t h u r — r a n g e , T e x .
P
O
B e a u m o n t— o r t A rthu x—O r a n g e
P
and L a k e C h a r le s , T e x .—L a .
B ilo x i—G u lfp o r t and P a s c a g o u la —
M o s s P o in t , M is s .
B in g h a m to n , N .Y .
B ir m in g h a m , A la .
B lo o m in g t o n —V in c e n n e s , Ind.
B r e m e r t o n — h e lto n , W a sh .
S
B r u n s w ic k , G a.
C e d a r R a p id s , Io w a
C h a m p a ig n —U rb a n a —R a n to u l, 111.
C h a r le s to n —N o rth C h a r le s to n —
W a lt e r b o r o , S .C .
C h a r lo tte — a s to n ia , N .C .
G
C heyenne, W yo.
C la r k s v ille —H o p k in s v ille , T e n n .— y .
K
C o lo r a d o S p r in g s , C o lo .
C o lu m b ia — u m t e r , S .C .
S
C o lu m b u s , G a .— la .
A
C o lu m b u s , M is s .
D e c a tu r , 111.
D es M o in e s , Iow a
Duluth— u p e r io r , M in n .—W is .
S
E l P a s o — la m o g o r d o —L a s C r u c e s ,
A
T e x .—N. M e x .
E u g e n e — p r in g fie ld —M e d fo r d , O r e g .
S
F a y e t t e v ille , N .C .




F o r t L a u d e r d a le — o lly w o o d
H
and W e s t P a lm B e a c h —
B o c a R a to n , F la .
F o r t S m ith , A r k .— k la .
O
F r e d e r i c k —H a g e rs tow n —
C h a m b e r s b u r g , M d .—P a .
G o ld s b o r o , N .C .
G ra n d Is la n d — a s t in g s , N e b r .
H
G uam , T e r r ito r y o f
H a r r is b u r g —L e b a n o n , P a .
K n o x v ille , T en n .
L ared o, T ex.
L a s V e g a s —T o n o p a h , N ev.
L im a , O h io
L it tle R o c k ^ N o r th L it tle R o c k , A r k .
L o g a n s p o r t — e r u , Ind.
P
L o r a in —E ly r i a , O h io
L o w e r E a s t e r n S h o r e , M d .—V a .—D e l.
M a c o n , G a.
M a d is o n , W is .
M a in e (s t a te w id e )
M a n s fie ld , O h io
M c A lle n —P h a rx —E d in b u r g
and B r o w n s v ille —H a r lin g e n —
San B e n it o , T e x .
M e r id ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , M o n m o u th , and
O c e a n C o s ., N .J .
M o b ile —P e n s a c o la —P a n a m a C ity ,
A la .—F la .
M on ta n a (s t a te w id e )
N a s h v ille —D a v id s o n , T en n .
N ew B e r n — a c k s o n v il le , N .C .
J
N ew H a m p s h ir e (s t a te w id e )
N ew L on d on —N o r w ic h , C on n .—R .I.
N o rth D a k ota (s t a te w id e )
N o r th e r n N ew Y o r k
N o rth w e s t T e x a s
O r la n d o , F la .
O x n a rd — im i V a lle y —V e n tu r a , C a lif.
S
P e o r i a , 111.
P h o e n ix , A r i z .
P in e B lu ff, A r k .
P u e b lo , C o lo .
P u e r t o R ic o
R a le ig h —D u r h a m , N .C .
R e n o , N ev.
S a lin a , K a n s .

S a lin a s — e a s id e —M o n te r e y , C a lif.
S
S a n d u sk y , O hio
Santa B a r b a r a —
Santa M a ria —
L o m p o c , C a lif.
S a va n n a h , G a.
S e lm a , A la .
S h r e v e p o r t , L a.
Sou th D akota (s ta te w id e )
S o u th e rn Idaho
S o u th w e st V ir g in ia
S p ok a n e, W ash.
S p r in g fie ld , 111.
S to c k to n , C a lif.
T a c o m a , W ash.
Tam pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F la .
T o p e k a , K ans.
T u c s o n —D o u g la s , A r i z .
T u ls a , O kla.
U p p e r P e n in s u la , M ich .
V e r m o n t (sta te w id e )
V ir g in Isla n d s o f the U .S.
W a c o and K ille e n —T e m p le , T e x .
W a t e r lo o —C e d a r F a l l s , Iow a
W e s t V ir g in ia (s ta te w id e )
W ic h ita F a lls —Law ton—A lt u s ,
T e x .— k la .
O
W ilm in g to n , D e l.—N .J .—M d.
Y a k im a —R ich la n d — en n ew ick —
K
P e n d le t o n , W a sh .— r e g .
O

A LSO A V A IL A B L E —
A n a n n u a l r e p o r t on s a la r ie s f o r
a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d it o r s , c h ie f a c c o u n t ­
a n ts , a t t o r n e y s , jo b a n a ly s t s , d i r e c ­
t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l, b u y e r s , c h e m is t s ,
e n g i n e e r s , e n g in e e r in g t e c h n ic ia n s ,
d r a f t e r s , a n d c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s
is a v a ila b le .
O r d e r as B L S B u l l e ­
tin 1 9 8 0, N a tio n a l S u r v e y o f P r o ­
f e s s i o n a l , A d m in is t r a t iv e , T e c h n ic a l
and C l e r i c a l P a y , M a r c h 1 9 7 7 , $ 2 .4 0
a c o p y , f r o m any o f the B L S r e ­
g io n a l s a le s o f f i c e s sh ow n on the
b a c k c o v e r , o r f r o m the S u p e r in ­
te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n ­
m e n t P r in t in g O f f i c e , W a s h in g to n ,
D .C . 2 0 4 0 2 .

Area Wage
Surveys
A lis t o f th e la t e s t b u lle tin s a v a ila b le is p r e s e n te d b e lo w .
B u lle tin s
m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m any o f th e B L S r e g io n a l o f f ic e s show n on th e b a ck
c o v e r , o r f r o m th e S u p e rin te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n ts , U .S. G o v e rn m e n t P r in tin g
O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n , D .C . 2 0 4 0 2 .
M a k e c h e c k s p a y a b le to S u p erin ten d en t o f
D o c u m e n ts .
A d i r e c t o r y o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e s u r v e y s , c o v e r i n g th e y e a r s
1970 th ro u g h 1 9 7 6 , is a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t .

A rea

B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e *

A k r o n , O h io , D e c . 1 9 7 7 _______________________ ________________ _ 1 9 5 0 -7 0 , 80 ce n ts
A lb a n y —S ch e n e cta d y —T r o y , N .Y ., S ep t. 1977 ------------------------- 1 9 5 0 -5 2 , 80 ce n ts
A n a h e im -S a n ta Ana—G a rd e n G r o v e ,
C a l i f ., O c t . 1 9 7 7 ________________________________________________ 1 9 5 0 -6 0 , $ 1 .0 0
A t la n t a , G a ., M a y 1 9 7 7 ---------------------------------------------------------------- 1 9 5 0 -1 7 , $ 1 .2 0
B a l t i m o r e , M d ., A u g . 1 9 7 7 --------------------------------------------------------- 1 9 5 0 -3 9 , $ 1 .2 0
B illin g s , M o n t ., J u ly 1977 1 ------------------------------------------------------- 1 9 5 0 -4 0 , $ 1 .0 0
B ir m in g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1 9 7 8 --------------------------------------------------- 2 0 2 5 -1 5 , 80 cen ts
B o s t o n , M a s s . , A u g . 1977 ---------------------------------------------------------- 1 9 5 0 -5 0 , $ 1 .2 0
B u ffa lo , N .Y ., O c t . 1977 ________________________________________ 1 9 5 0 -5 8 , $ 1 .0 0
C a n to n , O h io , M a y 1977 1 _______________________________________ 1 9 5 0 -2 8 , $ 1 .1 0
C h a tta n o o g a , T e n n .—G a ., S ep t. 1977 ---------------------------------------- 1 9 5 0 -4 4 , 70 ce n ts
C h ic a g o , 111., M a y 1977 1________________________________________ 1 9 5 0 -4 1 , $ 1 .4 0
C in c in n a ti, O h io —K y.—In d ., J u ly 1977 1 ------------------------------------ 1 9 5 0 -4 5 , $ 1 .2 0
C le v e la n d , O h io , S e p t. 1977 1 ----------------------------------------------------- 1 9 5 0 -5 3 , $ 1 .4 0
C o lu m b u s , O h io , O c t . 1 9 7 7 --------------------------------------------------------- 1 9 5 0 -6 4 , $ 1 .0 0
C o r p u s C h r is t i, T e x ., J u ly 1977 1 _____________________________ 1 9 5 0 -3 5 , $ 1 .0 0
D a l l a s - F o r t W o r t h , T e x ., O c t . 1 9 7 7 ................................................ 1 9 5 0 -6 5 , $ 1 .2 0
D a v e n p o rt—R o c k Is la n d — o lin e , Iow a—111., F e b . 1 9 7 8 ---------- 2 0 2 5 - 6 , 70 ce n ts
M
D a y to n , O h io , D e c . 1977 1_______________________________________ 1 9 5 0 -7 1 , $ 1 .1 0
D a y to n a B e a c h , F l a . , A u g . 1977 1______________________________ 1 9 5 0 -4 3 , $ 1 .0 0
D e n v e r—B o u ld e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1977 1__________________________ 1 9 5 0 -7 4 , $ 1 .4 0
D e t r o it , M ic h ., M a r . 1 9 7 8 ______________________________________ 2 0 2 5 -1 1 , $ 1 .2 0
F r e s n o , C a l i f ., June 1977 ______________________________________ 1 9 5 0 -3 0 , 70 ce n ts
G a in e s v il le , F l a . , S e p t. 1977 1_________________________________
1 9 5 0 -4 6 , $ 1 .0 0
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u ly 1 9 7 7 ____________________________________ 1 9 5 0 -3 6 , 70 ce n ts
G r e e n s b o r o — in s t o n -S a le m — ig h P o in t,
W
H
N .C ., A u g . 1977 1 _______________________________________________
1 9 5 0 -4 2 , $ 1 .1 0
G r e e n v ille — p a r ta n b u r g , S .C ., June 1977 ____________________ 1 9 5 0 -3 3 , 70 ce n ts
S
H a r t f o r d , C o n n ., M a r . 1978 1 __________________________________ 2 0 2 5 -1 4 , $ 1 .2 0
H o u s to n , T e x ., A u g . 1977 1 _____________________________________
1 9 5 0 -4 8 , $ 1 .4 0
H u n t s v ille , A l a . , F e b . 1 9 7 8 ____________________________________ 2 0 2 5 - 4 , 70 ce n ts
I n d ia n a p o lis , In d ., O c t . 1 9 7 7 ___________________________________
1 9 5 0 -5 6 , $ 1 .0 0
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , J a n . 1 9 7 8 ______________________________________ 2 0 2 5 - 1 , 70 ce n ts
J a c k s o n v il le , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 7 7 __________________________________ 1 9 5 0 -6 7 , 70 ce n ts
K a n s a s C it y , M o .—K a n s ., S e p t. 1 9 7 7 ---------------------------------------- 1 9 5 0 -5 4 , $ 1 .0 0
L o s A n g e le s —L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f ., O ct. 1 9 7 7 --------------------------- 1 9 5 0 -6 1 , $ 1 .2 0
L o u i s v i l l e , K y .—I n d ., N o v . 1 9 7 7 1______________________________ 1 9 5 0 -6 6 , $ 1 .2 0
M e m p h is , T en n .—A r k .—M i s s ., N o v . 1 9 7 7 -------------------------------- 1 9 5 0 -6 3 , 70 ce n ts




A rea
M ia m i, F l a . , O c t . 1 9 7 7 _________________________________________
M ilw a u k e e , W i s ., A p r . 1 9 7 8 1__________________________________
M in n e a p o lis —St. P a u l, M in n .—W i s . , Jan. 1978 1_____________
N a s s a u -S u ffo lk , N .Y ., June 1977 _____________________________
N e w a r k , N .J ., Jan. 1978 1______________________________________
N ew O r le a n s , L a ., Jan. 1 9 7 8 __________________________________
N ew Y o r k , N .Y ^ -N .J ., M a y 1 9 7 7 ______________________________
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B e a c h —P o r t s m o u t h , V a N .C ., M a y 1978 . .................................................................................... .
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B e a c h -P o r t s m o u t h and
N e w p o r t N ew s— a m p to n , V a .— .C ., M a y 1 9 7 8 ____________
H
N
N o r th e a s t P e n n s y lv a n ia , A u g . 1977 1__________________________
O k la h o m a C ity , O k la ., A u g . 1977 1 ___________________________
O m a h a , N e b r .- I o w a , O c t . 1977 1 ______________________________
P a t e r s o n —C lifto n —P a s s a i c , N .J ., June 1977 ________________
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .—N .J ., N o v . 1 9 7 7 ___________________________
P it ts b u r g h , P a ., Jan. 1 9 7 8 ____________________________________
P o r t la n d , M a in e , D e c . 1 9 7 7 __________________________________
P o r t la n d , O r e g .- W a s h ., M a y 1977 1__________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N .Y ., June 1977 _______________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie —K in gston ^ -N ew b u rg h , N .Y ., June 1 9 7 6 ....... .....
P r o v id e n c e -W a r w ic k —P a w t u c k e t, R .I .—
M a s s ., June 1977 1 ........................................................................ ..........
R ic h m o n d , V a ., June 1977 1 ____________________________________
St. L o u is , M o - I l l . , M a r . 1978 ________________________________
S a c r a m e n t o , C a l i f ., D e c . 1 9 7 7 1___________________ ___________
S a g in a w , M ic h ., N o v . 1 9 7 7 -------------------------------------------------------Salt L a k e C ity— g d e n , U tah, N o v . 1 9 7 7 ______________________
O
San A n to n io , T e x ., M a y 197 8___________________________________
San D ie g o , C a lif ., N o v . 1977 1_________________________________
San F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a l i f ., M a r . 1978 1________________
O
San J o s e , C a l i f ., M a r . 1978 1__________________________________
S e a ttle —E v e r e t t , W a s h ., D e c . 1977___________________________
South B e n d , In d ., A u g . 1977 1 __________________________________
T o le d o , O h io— ic h ., M a y 1 9 7 7 ________________________________
M
T r e n t o n , N .J ., S ep t. 1 9 7 7 ______________________________________
U t ic a - R o m e , N .Y ., Ju ly 1977 1 ________________________________
W a s h in g to n , D .C .—M d .—V a . , M a r . 1978 1_____________________
W ic h it a , K a n s ., A p r . 1978______________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., A p r . 1 9 7 8 1________________________________
Y o r k , P a ., F e b . 1978 1__________________________________________

*
l

B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e *
1 9 5 0 -5 7 ,
2 0 2 5 -1 8 ,
2 0 2 5 -2 ,
1 9 5 0 -2 7 ,
2 0 2 5 -7 ,
2 0 2 5 -5 ,
1 9 5 0 -3 1 ,

$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .4 0
$ 1 .4 0
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .4 0
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .2 0

2 0 2 5 -2 0 , 70 cen ts
2 0 2 5 -2 1 ,
1 9 5 0 -3 8 ,
1 9 5 0 -4 9 ,
1 9 5 0 -5 5 ,
1 9 5 0 -3 4 ,
1 9 5 0 -6 2 ,
2 0 2 5 -3 ,
1 9 5 0 -6 9 ,
1 9 5 0 -3 2 ,
1 9 5 0 -2 5 ,
1 9 0 0 -5 5 ,

80 ce n ts
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1 .1 0
70 ce n ts
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .1 0
70 ce n ts
$ 1 .2 0
70 ce n ts
55 ce n ts

1 9 5 0 -2 2 ,
1 9 5 0 -2 3 ,
2 0 2 5 -1 3 ,
1 9 5 0 -7 2 ,
1 9 5 0 -5 9 ,
1 9 5 0 -6 8 ,
2 0 2 5 -1 7 ,
1 9 5 0 -7 3 ,
2 0 2 5 -1 0 ,
2 0 2 5 -9 ,
1 9 5 0 -7 5 ,
1 9 5 0 -5 1 ,
1 9 5 0 -1 8 ,
1 9 5 0 -4 7 ,
1 9 5 0 -3 7 ,
2 0 2 5 -1 2 ,
2 0 2 5 -1 6 ,
2 0 2 5 -1 9 ,
2 0 2 5 -8 ,

$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .0 0
70 ce n ts
80 ce n ts
70 cen ts
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1 .4 0
$ 1 .2 0
80 ce n ts
$ 1 .1 0
80 ce n ts
70 ce n ts
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1 .4 0
80 cen ts
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1 .1 0

Prices are determ ined by the Government Printing O ffice and are subject to change.
Data on establishment practices and supplementary w age provisions are also presented.

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region I

Region II

Region lit

Region IV

1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
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Phone: 223-6761 (Are aC ode 617)

Suite 3400

3535 Market Street,
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Regions VII and VIII

Regions IX and X

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Arkansas
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VII
Iowa
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IX
Arizona
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Connecticut
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Illinois
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VIII
Colorado
Montana
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X
Alaska
Idaho
Oregon
Washington


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102