View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

/
,3 :
Area <3a<as-3 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania,
Wage
Metropol itan Area, January 1978
Survey
Bulletin 2025-3
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics




ge*

Preface
T h is b u lle tin p r o v i d e s r e s u lt s o f a Jan uary 1978 s u r v e y o f o c c u p a ­
ti o n a l e a r n in g s in the P i tts b u r g h , P e n n s y l v a n i a , Standard M e t r o p o l i t a n
S t a ti s ti c a l A r e a .
T h e s u r v e y w as m a d e as p a r t o f the B ure au o f L a b o r
S t a t i s t i c s ' annual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m .
It w as con du cted by the
B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . , under th e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n
of Irw in L. Feigenbaum , A ssistan t R egio n al C o m m is s io n er fo r Operations.
The s u r v e y could not ha ve been a c c o m p l i s h e d without the c o o p e r a t i o n o f the
m any f i r m s w h o s e w a g e and s a l a r y data p r o v i d e d the b a s is f o r the s t a t i s t i c a l
i n f o r m a ti o n in this b ulle tin. T h e B u re au w i s h e s to e x p r e s s s i n c e r e a p p r e c i a ­
tion f o r the c o o p e r a t i o n r e c e i v e d .
M a t e r i a l in this p u b li c ation is in the p ublic d om ain and m a y be
r e p r o d u c e d without p e r m i s s i o n o f th e F e d e r a l G o v e r n m e n t.
P le a s e cred it




the B ureau
publication.

of

Labor

Statistics

and

cite

the

name

and

number

of

th is

Note:
A r e p o r t on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n i n g s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o ­
v i s i o n s in the P i tts b u r g h a r e a is a v a i l a b l e f o r th e c o n t r a c t c le a n in g in d u s tr y
(July 1977).
A l s o a v a i l a b l e a r e l i s t i n g s o f union w a g e r a t e s f o r build ing
t r a d e s , p rin tin g t r a d e s , l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t i n g e m p l o y e e s , l o c a l t r u c k d r i v e r s
and h e l p e r s , and g r o c e r y s t o r e e m p l o y e e s .
F r e e copies o f th ese a re
a v a i l a b l e f r o m the B u re a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s . (S e e b ack c o v e r f o r a d d r e s s e s . )

Area
Wage
Survey

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania,
Metropolitan Area, January 1978

U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Julius Shiskin, Commissioner
May 1978
Bulletin 2025-3

Contents
In tr od uction___________________________________________

2

T ables;
A.

Earnings, all establishments:
A - l . W eek ly earnings o f o ffic e w o r k e r s ___
A - 2 . Weekly earnings o f profession al
and technical w o r k e r s _______________
A - 3 . A v e r a g e w e e k ly earnings of
office, profession al, and
technical w o r k e r s , by s e x __________
A - 4 . Hourly earnings o f maintenance,
toolroom , and powerplant
w o r k e r s _______________________________
A - 5. Hourly earnings o f m a te r ia l
m ovem ent and custodial w o r k e r s . . .
A - 6. A v e r a g e hourly earnings of
maintenance, to olr oom , powerplant, m a t e r i a l m ovement, and
custodial w o r k e r s , by s e x __________
A - 7 . P e r c e n t increases in average
hourly earnings, adjusted fo r
employment shifts, f o r selec te d
occupational groups__________________

3
7

9
11
12

14

15

Earnings, la r g e establishments:
_
A - 8 . W e e k ly earnings o f offic e w o r k e r s _ 16
A - 9. W e e k ly earnings o f p ro fes s ion al
and technical w o r k e r s _______________ 19
A - 10. A v e r a g e w e e k ly earnings of
office, profession al, and
technical w o r k e r s , by s e x __________ 21
A - 11. Hourly earnings of maintenance,
to olr oom , and powerplant
w o r k e r s _______________________________ 23

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S.
Government Printing Office, Washington, D C. 20402, GPO
Bookstores, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover.




Page

Page
T ables— Continued

Ear ning s, l a r g e establishments—
Continued
A - 12. H ourly earnings o f m ateria l
m ovem ent and custodial
w o r k e r s _______________________________ 24
A - 13. A v e r a g e hourly earnings of
maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, m a t e r i a l movement, and
custodial w o r k e r s , by s e x ___________ 25
Ap pendix A.
Ap pendix B.

Scope and method of s u r v e y _________ 27
Occupational d e sc r ip tio n s ____________ 30

Introduction
T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 7 5 in w h ich the U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ’ s B u re au
o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s conducts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and r e l a t e d
b e n e f its . (See l i s t o f a r e a s on i n s i d e b ack c o v e r . ) In e a c h a r e a , oc c u p atio n al
e a r n in g s data ( A - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e c o l l e c t e d annually. I n f o r m a t i o n on e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e fits ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) is
ob ta ined e v e r y t h i r d y e a r . T h i s r e p o r t has no B - s e r i e s ta b le s .

E a c h y e a r a f t e r a l l i n d iv id u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s ha ve b e e n c o m ­
p l e t e d , tw o s u m m a r y b u lle tin s a r e is s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b r i n g s t o g e t h e r data
f o r e ach m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; the s e co n d p r e s e n t s n a tion al and
r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s , p r o j e c t e d f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a data, f o r
a l l Standard M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s in the U n it e d S ta te s , e xclud in g
A l a s k a and H a w a ii.

A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is the need
to d e s c r i b e the l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s ,
th ro u gh the a n a ly s is o f (1 ) the l e v e l and d is trib u t io n o f w a g e s by oc c u p atio n,
and (2) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s by o c c u p a tio n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l . T h e
p r o g r a m d e v e l o p s i n f o r m a t i o n that m a y b e used f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s , including
w a g e and s a l a r y a d m i n i s t r a t i o n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g , and a s s i s t a n c e in
d e t e r m i n i n g plant lo c a t io n . S u r v e y r e s u l t s a ls o a r e used b y the U.S. D e p a r t ­
m en t o f L a b o r to m a k e w a g d d e t e r m i n a t i o n s un der the S e r v i c e C o n t ra c t A c t
o f 1965.




A - s e r i e s tables
T a b l e s A - l th rough A - 6 p r o v i d e e s t i m a t e s o f s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y
o r h o u r ly e arnings f o r w o r k e r s in o c c u p a tio n s c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f
m anufac tu rin g and no nm anufa cturing i n d u s t r i e s . F o r the 31 l a r g e s t s u r v e y
a r e a s , ta b le s A - 8 th ro ugh A - 13 p r o v i d e s i m i l a r data f o r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
e m p l o y i n g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e .
T a b le A - 7 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t changes in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s
o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s , e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g w o r k e r s , i n d u s t r i a l
n u r s e s , s k i l l e d m ainte n ance t r a d e s w o r k e r s , and u n s k ille d plant w o r k e r s .
W h e r e p o s s i b l e , data a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l in d u s t r i e s and f o r m a n u f a c ­
tu r in g and nonmanufacturing s e p a r a t e l y .
Data a r e not p r e s e n t e d f o r s k i l l e d
m ain te n an c e w o r k e r s in no nm anu fa ctu rin g b e c a u s e the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s
e m p l o y e d in this occup ational g ro u p in n o n m an u fa ctu rin g is to o s m a l l to
w a r r a n t s e p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n .
T h is t a b l e p r o v i d e s a m e a s u r e o f w a g e
tr e n d s a f t e r e l im in a tio n o f changes in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s cau s e d by e m p l o y ­
m en t shifts amon g e s ta b lis h m e n ts as w e l l as t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
in clud ed in s u r v e y s a m p le s . F o r f u r t h e r d e t a i l s , s ee appendix A. .
Appendixes
Ap p end ix A d e s c r i b e s the m e t h o d s and c on ce p ts used in the a r e a
w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m and p r o v i d e s i n f o r m a t i o n on the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
Ap p end ix B p r o v i d e s job d e s c r i p t i o n s
m i s t s to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s by o ccup atio n.

used b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o ­

A.

E a rn in g s

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1978
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—

O c c u p a tio n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

s

Average
weekly
hrtiifv 1

s
90

Mean2

(standard)

Middle range 2

M e d ia n 2

*
100

s

S
110

120

s
130

s

s
190

150

S

5
160

170

$

i
180

190

200

5
210

%
220

5

s

%
290

260

280

s

%
300

320

$
390

and

360
and

under
100

110

120

130

190

38

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

290

77

156

183

267

260

280

532

300

320

390

360

over

ALL WORKERS
S E C R E T A R IE S ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S —
WHOLESALE TRADE ------R E T A IL TRADE -------------F IN A NC E -------------------------S E R V IC E S -----------------------S E C R E T A R I E S . CLASS A MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMA NUF AC T U R I N G --------S E C R E T A R I E S . CLASS B MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S —
WHOLESALE TRADE ------FIN A N C E -------------------------S E R V IC E S -----------------------S E C R E T A R I E S . CLASS C MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S —
WHOLESALE TRADE ------FIN A N C E --------------------------S E R V IC E S -----------------------S E C R E T A R I E S . CLASS 0 MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S —
FIN A N C E -------------------------S E R V IC E S -----------------------STENOGRAPHERS -----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S —
WHOLESALE TRADE ------FIN A N C E --------------------------S E R V IC E S -----------------------STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL
m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S —
WHOLESALE TRADE ------FIN A N C E --------------------------STENOGRAPHERS. SENIOR
MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------S E R V IC E S ------------------------

$

$

$

$

9 .0 1 7

3 9 .0

2 2 6 .0 0

2 2 9 .5 0

1 9 0 .5 0 -2 5 7 .5 0

-

4

7

55

209

290

269

312

678

281

391

191

83

35

14

1 t9 6 9

3 9 .5

2 3 3 .5 0

2 3 1 .5 0

1 9 9 .0 0 -2 7 1 .0 0

-

40

6

19

34

57

99

81

171

146

159

330

258

195

231

126

95

3 8 .5

2 1 9.0 0

2 1 8 .0 0

1 7 9 .5 0 -2 9 6 .5 0

-

4
-

5

2 » 098

56
-

173

123

1 19

123

153

398

279

136

110

65

38

16
19

12

12

2b

29

79

39

36

18

22

12

9

-

-

-

32
-

126

-

15
-

122

-

2
-

24

6
-

2

15

-

-

17

25

320
219
171

3 8 .5
9 0 .0
9 0 .0

2 5 3 .5 0
2 9 2.0 0
1 8 2 .0 0

2 5 2 .0 0
2 3 2 .5 0
1 7 5 .5 0

2 1 9 .3 0 -2 8 8 .0 0
2 0 8 .0 0 -2 7 7 .0 0
1 5 5 .0 0 -2 0 1 .5 0

626

3 7 .5

1 9 9 .0 0

1 8 9 .5 0

1 6 9 .0 0 -2 1 9 .5 0

-

712

3 9 .5

2 2 7.0 0

2 2 6 .0 0

2 0 9 .0 0 -2 9 6 .5 0

-

-

2

9

13

18

210

3 9 .0

2 5 3 .5 0

2 5 0 .0 0

1 9 6 .0 0 -3 0 9 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
-

116

3 8 .5

2 6 2.5 0

2 5 1 .0 0

1 9 6 .0 0 -3 2 1 .0 0

-

-

-

95

3 9 .0

2 9 2.5 0

2 3 0 .0 0

1 8 6 .0 0 -2 8 9 .0 0

-

-

“

790

3 9 .0

2 1 6 .5 0 -2 9 2 .0 0

1 1
2
32

8
23
23

19

7
4
23

19
16
11

11

13

67
10

57

77

71

65

68

15

65

18

13

26

35
64

-

6

18

11

15

7

-

-

13

3

19

6

5

8

1

4

7

13
4

6

15

55
10

20

3

15
4

16

3

1

9
-

7
-

3
-

79

37

19

7

2

-

-

-

180

190

56

48

28

7

-

-

27

28

10

18

9

a

15

19

2

3

23
16

20

1

3
-

20

7

2

6

3

12

9

8

15

7

-

2

6

91

95

2 5 5.0 0

2 5 7 .5 0

-

-

-

-

36

48

60

109

1 02

93

35

12

2 6 5.0 0

2 6 9 .5 0

2 3 2 .5 0 -3 0 2 .0 0

-

-

-

-

5
-

15

3 9 .0

1
-

6

373

1

i

9

31

2 J

95

53

48

66

73

18

4

8
-

367

3 9 .0

2 9 9.5 0

2 9 8 .0 0

2 1 0 .0 0 -2 7 7 .0 0

-

-

-

-

1

5

2

15

35

3

13

17

4 u

46

92

61

36

20

17

8

6

83

3 9 .0

2 8 0.0 0

2 8 5.5 0

2 9 2 .5 0 -3 2 9 .0 0

2

12

6

12

8

13

7

9 0 .0

2 5 6.0 0

2 5 1.5 0

2 2 9 .5 0 -2 6 7 .0 0

-

-

-

-

4

2

-

2

10

13

12

4

1

3

3 7 .0

2 9 0.5 0

2 5 3 .0 0

2 0 7 .0 0 -2 6 1 .5 0

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

25

61

2
-

16
4

4

8b

4

19

15

4

-

-

-

-

1

30

35

66

-

5
27
10

42
8

10

27

27

53

62

73

136

195

71

66

1

39

25

39

29

32

100

29

2

10

9

26

-

-

-

13

-

3

1

-

2
9

173
30

97

-

48
9

39

-

17
-

16

9

8

-

6

8

3

8

17

19

28

21

62

18

2

8

1

1

3

18

~

1

10

5

12

113

11

7

26

36

38

126

195

127

160

96

133

323

90

37

5

25

6

9

107
22

97

53

50

95

51

6o

139

40

18

12

2
-

1

30
-

29
-

85

79

92

77

65

45

67

189

50

19

8

8

11

7

4

1

12

9

-

-

17

19

59

59

61

51

90

30

14

1 7 5 .0 0 -2 7 5 .0 0

-

-

2 3 1 .5 0

2 0 1 .5 0 -2 5 5 .0 0

-

-

-

723

3 9 .5

2 3 1 .0 0

2 3 0 .5 0

2 0 6 .0 0 -2 5 7 .5 0

-

-

-

15

669

3 9 .0

2 2 5.5 0

2 3 2 .0 0

1 9 2 .0 0 -2 9 8 .0 0

-

-

132

3 9 .0

2 6 1 .0 0

2 6 9 .0 0

2 9 1 .5 0 -2 8 8 .0 0

-

-

70

9 0 .0

2 3 8.5 0

2 3 6 .5 0

2 1 3 .5 0 -2 6 1 .0 0

192

3 7 .5

2 0 9.0 0

2 1 2 .0 0

1 9 3 .5 0 -2 2 9 .0 0

-

14
-

-

-

199

3 9 .5

2 3 6.0 0

2 9 6 .5 0

2 3 9 .0 0 -2 9 6 .5 0

-

4
4
-

1 .9 9 5
699

3 9 .0

1 9 9 .5 0

1 9 6 .5 0

1 7 2 .5 0 -2 2 6 .0 0

3 9 .5

2 0 3.0 0

2 0 1 .0 0

1 7 9 .5 0 -2 3 1 .5 0

-

846
94

3 8 .5

1 9 7 .0 0

1 9 3.5 0

1 6 9 .0 0 -2 2 6 .0 0

-

3 8 .5

2 0 9.5 0

2 1 9.0 0

1 7 8 .5 0 -2 9 9 .0 0

-

356

3 7 .5

1 7 6 .0 0

1 7 6.0 0

1 5 6 .5 0 -1 9 2 .0 0

-

-

10

1

2 1 2 .0 0

2 2 8 .5 0

_

6
6

1

2 2 0.5 0

3 9 .0

1 1

1

22

-

3 9 .5

-

-

4

29

105
1 .3 9 2

56

-*
85

-

29

4

3

30

6

-

-

-

110

112

2 36

318

118

95

28
14

21
2

13
4

19
9

19

9

23

8

4

1
~

-

5
~

5
-

5

5

6

“

20

17

3

-

11
6
-

1

3

u

26
-

4
-

-

-

_
-

-

2

-

-

1
-

-

-

-

-

336

9 0 .0

2 1 6.5 0

2 2 6 .0 0

2 0 5 .0 0 -2 2 6 .0 0

-

-

2

1

11

6

7

8

17

17

1 1

10

35

169

29

15

7

2

i

-

-

1 .6 5 2

3 9 .0

1 8 6 .0 0

1 7 5.0 0

1 5 7 .0 0 -2 0 8 *5 0

-

1G

10

31

199

19 9

257

295

199

106

85

68

186

88

52

24

_

_

9 0 .0

1 8 5 .0 0

1 7 5.0 0

1 6 5 .0 0 -2 0 8 .0 0

-

4

17

70

99

192

171

129

70

32

37

138

31

39

8

-

786

3 8 .5

1 8 7 .0 0

1 7 3.5 0

1 5 0 .0 0 -2 1 5 .0 0

-

10
~

35
-

_

1 .0 6 6

63
24

129

100

65

79

70

36

53

3 1

98

57

13

16

35

18

20

30

-

-

14
-

39

-

10

23

15

28

53

8

15

5
20

18
19

20

i

6

9

17

10

1

12

14

4

5

77

6 6

28

31

15

9

5

-

-

-

-

1

12

-

-

-

20

5

13

5

20

15

21

4

3

-

5

"

-

-

"

90

70

31

19

90

26

121

55

19

18

29

_

_

_

12

35

19

6

19

16

105

17

15

6

-

28

-

-

-

269

3 6 .0

1 7 8 .0 0 -2 6 6 .0 0

-

6
-

105

9 0 .0

1 8 7 .0 0

1 7 5 .0 0

1 5 6 .0 0 -2 1 9 .5 0

263

3 7 .5

1 5 6 .5 0

1 5 5 .5 0

1 9 3 .5 0 -1 6 6 .0 0

-

-

-

120

3 9 .0

1 8 2.0 0

1 8 9 .0 0

1 5 3 .5 0 -2 0 2 *0 0

763

3 9 .0

1 8 9 .0 0

1 7 9.0 0

1 9 9 .5 0 -2 2 9 *5 0

371

3 9 .5

1 9 2 .0 0

1 8 9 .5 0

1 5 1 .0 0 -2 2 9 .5 0

2 1 9.5 0

2 1 8.5 0

-

6

5

8

“

-

“

9

10

4

28

42

129

4

4

16

16

35

87
46

6

-

12

26

94

4 1

35

12

8

21

10

16

38

4

12

29

-

5

18

20

8

18

10

4

19

10

9

38

4

12

29

1

5

19

6

9

12

-

-

1

-

7

-

-

-

-

10

16

92

12

8

4

1

2

1

-

~

3

21

70

112

217

175

163

92

95

42

65

6

6

392

3 8 .0

1 8 6 .0 0

1 6 3 .5 0

1 9 9 .0 0 -2 2 1 .5 0

199

3 8 .0

2 1 7 .0 0

2 1 7.0 0

1 6 5 .0 0 -2 9 9 .0 0

61

9 0 .0

1 6 1 .5 0

1 5 8.0 0

1 9 9 .5 0 -1 7 9 .0 0

-

96

3 7 .5

1 9 7 .0 0

1 9 3 .5 0

1 3 8 .0 0 -1 5 3 .0 0

-

-

1 .0 8 9

3 9 .5

1 8 3 .5 0

1 7 5 .0 0

1 6 5 .5 0 -1 9 2 .0 0

-

6

695

9 0 .0

1 8 1 .0 0

1 7 3.0 0

1 6 6 .0 0 -1 8 9 .5 0

1

8

35

53

180

136

105

69

13

21

3 8 .5

1 8 8 .0 0

1 8 9.0 0

1 5 7 .0 0 -2 0 8 *0 0

59

37

39

58

28

32

21

1 9 0 .0 0

1 8 6 .0 0

1 7 0 .5 0 -2 0 7 .0 0

13
9

35

3 9 .5

-

2

86

-

6

399

-

-

3

10

4

19

13

16

4

3

6

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




-

2

3

-

“

-

33

33

33

14

24

2

-

32

19

9

4

6

-

5

-

-

-

-

-

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1978— Continued
W ee kl y earning^^™
(standard)

O c c u p a tio n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f —
S

Av erage
weekly
Mean2

(standard'

Middle range 2

Medi an 2

S

$
90

and
u n d er
100

s

$

s

%

100

110

120

130

140

-

-

-

-

-

110

120

130

140

150

s

%

s

s

*

$

s

%

$

*

s

S

S

$

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

and

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

over

9

9

2
-

19

1

-

1

22
-

-

-

-

-

150
-

360

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
TR A N SC R I6IN G -M A C H IN E T Y P IS T S
NONMANUFACTURING ------------------FINANCE -----------------------------------T Y P IS T S -----------------------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S --------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------FIN ANCE -----------------------------------S E R V IC E S ---------------------------------T Y P I S T S * CLASS A ---------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S --------------S E R V IC E S ---------------------------------T Y P I S T S . CLASS B ---------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------FIN ANCE -----------------------------------S E R V IC E S ----------------------------------

$

$

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

1 5 1 .5 0

1 4 1 .0 0

1 1 8 .0 0 -1 7 9 .0 0

12

26

22

17

18

12

138

$
1 3 1 .5 0

1 2 9 .0 0

1 1 5 . 0 0 —1 4 7 * 0 0

12

12

26

22

17

18

12

9

9

83

3 6 .5

1 2 3.0 0

1 1 8 .0 0

1 0 8 .0 0 -1 3 9 .0 0

12

12

19

16

4

9

7

2

2

-

-

“

1 .3 2 1

3 8 .5

1 5 2.0 0

1 3 9.0 0

1 2 2 .0 0 -1 6 6 .0 0

22

118

164

220

14 1

139

36

58

27

15

38

17

59

3

3 9 .5

1 6 3.5 0

1 5 0 .0 0

1 3 7 .0 0 -1 8 9 .0 0

22
-

20

22

63

6 1

9 1
77

20

578

14 1
93

7

13

41

11

12

31

15

31

2

28
-

181

$
12

57

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

26

-

-

-

-

-

11

14

45

3

_

_

_

10

12

19

2

12
-

-

-

-

1

2

12

-

1

12

-

-

2

26
-

1

1

-

-

-

-

26

-

-

~

-

-

27

3

14

_

_

_

_

_

3
-

12

-

-

-

2

5

1

4

12

18

4

-

2

1 2 2 .0 0

1 2 0 .5 0

1 1 2 .0 0 -1 3 0 .0 0

75

118

100

60

-

2

1

2
-

2
-

1
-

2
-

3 7 .0

38
14

1

390

6
20

156

3 8 .0

1 7 0 .0 0

1 4 8 .5 0

1 2 8 .5 0 -1 9 9 .5 0

“

1

7

33

16

21

16

10

3

3

9

9

-

2

396

3 9 .0

1 8 0 .5 0

1 6 2 .0 0

1 3 9 .0 0 -2 0 0 .5 0

-

1
-

20
-

39

44

39

46

36

18

4 3

14

11

n

34

33

1

34

2

1

20
-

28
-

33
-

22
24

12
4

3

8

17

9

12

1

4

2

5

16

3

5

1

7

-

13
9

14
12

21

1 4 8 . 5 0 —1 9 9 * 5 0

-

1 7 8.5 0

1 5 3.5 0

1 3 2 .0 0 -2 0 2 .5 0

3 9 .5

2 2 0.5 0

1 8 8 .0 0

1 6 3 .0 0 -2 5 7 .5 0

-

1 8 3 .0 0

1 6 6 .0 0

55

3 6 .0

2 1 3.0 0

2 0 8 .5 0

1 5 1 .5 0 -2 6 5 .5 0

1

2

923

3 8 .5

1 3 9 .5 0

1 2 9 .5 0

1 1 5 .0 0 -1 5 0 .5 0

22

117

144

lo l

383

3 9 .5

1 5 3 .5 0

1 4 5 .0 0

1 2 6 .5 0 -1 6 7 .0 0

20

22

52

122

129

7

5
-

3

1

2

1

i

4

97
50

102

93

55

8

18

15

59
43

35

44

3

12

7

-

-

-

7

5

9

4 0 .0

-

-

3

20

*

3 8 .0

-

-

-

16

8

1 2 3 .0 0 -1 5 5 .5 0

52

-

-

12

17

3

1 4 6 .5 0

195

-

12

82
11

1 4 4 .5 0

203

“
12
-

1

48
1

23

-

157
-

13

1 7 1 .5 0 -2 2 3 .5 0

142
-

14

1 8 8 .0 0

98
-

80

2 0 7 .5 0

1
-

3 8 .0

1 3 0 .0 0

1 2 4 .0 0

1 1 2 .0 0 -1 4 2 .0 0

22
-

8

4

2

6

4 0 .0

1 4 4 .0 0

1 4 6 .5 0

1 1 0 .0 0 -1 5 5 .5 0

-

9

12

12

4

6

58
26

ii

77

-

-

-

1

3 7 .0

1 1 9 .0 0

1 1 7 .5 0

1 1 1 .5 0 -1 2 5 .0 0

-

75

100

85

30

-

-

-

2
-

1
-

3 9 .0

1 4 6 .5 0

1 4 2 .5 0

1 2 6 .5 0 -1 5 8 .0 0

-

“

5

26

13

8
14

-

101

16
20

2
-

-

314

10

2

2

5

2

-

2

-

770

3 8 .5

1 3 5 .5 0

1 2 3 .0 0

1 1 0 .5 0 -1 4 4 .0 0

152
-

149

1 34

92

35

30

25

12

11

14

8

10

14

22

10

7

6
-

9

8

5
4

5

27

16

3

2

4

i
-

2

6
-

4

8
-

-

-

1

-

-

540

97

47

5

6

-

2

-

-

-

-

2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

F I L E CLERKS --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------FIN ANCE -----------------------------------SER V IC E S ----------------------------------

143

3 9 .5

1 7 9 .5 0

1 7 1.5 0

1 4 1 .5 0 -2 0 0 *5 0

16
-

10

2

13

61
21

627

3 8 .0

1 2 5 .5 0

1 2 0 .0 0

1 0 9 .5 0 -1 3 2 .0 0

16

152

139

132

79

40

393

3 7 .0

1 2 0 .5 0

1 1 5 .0 0

1 0 7 .0 0 -1 3 0 .5 0

6

134

49

30

9

11

2

1

-

3 9 .5

1 3 1 .0 0

1 2 4 .0 0

1 1 6 .0 0 -1 3 9 *0 0

6

5

75
9

75

67

25

7

2

8

1

~

“

2

F I L E C LERK S. CLASS A -----------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------

105

3 9 .0

1 7 9.5 0

1 5 8 .5 0

1 3 8 .5 0 -1 8 5 .0 0

-

-

-

4

24

14

13

9

12

4

2

_

1

i

3

7

72

3 8 .5

1 5 7 .5 0

1 4 7 .5 0

1 3 8 .0 0 -1 5 8 .5 0

-

“

4

24

14

13

6

2

i

2

“

1

1

-

-

4
4
-

13
12

5
-

3
2

1

_

_
-

5

i

i
-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

_

_

-

3

-

-

F I L E C LERK S. CLASS B -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------FINANCE -----------------------------------F I L E C L ERK S. CLASS C -----------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------FINANCE -----------------------------------MESSENGERS ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S --------------FINANCE -----------------------------------SER V IC E S ---------------------------------SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S --------------S E R V IC E S ----------------------------------

9

12

8

6

9

1 6 1 .0 0

1 4 1 .5 0 -1 9 5 *5 0

36
9

32

1 6 7 .0 0

10
-

37

3 9 .5

10
-

31

97

19

1 3 1 .0 0

1 2 7 .0 0

1 1 6 .0 0 -1 3 2 .0 0

10

21

37

27

13

1

6
-

71

3 7 .0

1 2 8 .0 0

1 2 9.5 0

1 2 1 .0 0 -1 3 2 .0 0

-

10
4

8
-

7

3 8 .0

8
1

11

129

1 1

23

22

10

“

i

“

439

3 8 .0

1 1 9 .5 0

1 1 5 .0 0

1 0 8 .0 0 -1 2 4 *5 0

6

142

118

93

32

15

13

9

5

2

1

i

226

3 8 .5

1 4 6 .5 0

1 3 5.5 0

1 2 1 .0 0 -1 6 1 .0 0

10

2

12
1
1

-

i

_

-

-

-

7

1
-

-

-

-

3
-

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

10

1

-

-

_

3

1
_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

426

3 8 .0

1 1 3 .5 0

1 1 3 .5 0

1 0 7 .0 0 -1 2 3 .0 0

6

142

118

91

28

13

13

285

3 7 .0

1 1 4 .5 0

1 1 0.0 0

1 0 6 .5 0 -1 2 0 .5 0

6

130

64

52

19

6

4

9
4

“

-

~

265

3 8 .5

1 4 4 .0 0

1 3 0 .0 0

1 1 5 .0 0 -1 5 0 .0 0

49

42

26

29

4

5

-

-

-

4

1

3

4

7

9

-

-

~

3 8 .5

1 4 8 .5 0

1 3 6 .0 0

1 2 3 .0 0 -1 4 4 .5 0

17
-

39

85

6
-

6

26

26

7

3

i

2

-

-

-

4

1

3

4

-

-

-

-

-

180

3 9 .0

1 4 2 .0 0

1 2 5 .5 0

1 1 2 .5 0 -1 5 0 *5 0

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

9

-

-

-

1 4 0 .0 0 -2 9 7 .5 0

21
-

3

1 7 3 .5 0

53
~

26

2 1 3.0 0

17
-

19

3 9 .5

6
-

16

36

8

2

i

3

-

-

-

-

-

7

9

-

-

-

73

3 8 .0

1 2 6 .0 0

1 2 0 .5 0

1 1 4 .5 0 -1 4 1 .0 0

-

2

34

15

2

6
3

15

2

-

-

-

-

-

“

6

14

“

55

3 9 .5

1 2 4.5 0

1 2 6 .0 0

1 0 6 .0 0 -1 4 1 .5 0

293

3 9 .5

187 * 0 0

1 6 9.5 0

1 4 4 .0 0 -2 2 9 .5 0

75

3 9 .5

2 2 4.0 0

2 2 1 .0 0

1 8 8 .5 0 -2 6 3 .0 0

216

3 9 .5

1 7 4 .5 J

1 4 6 .0 0

1 3 9 .5 0 -2 1 2 .5 0

42

3 9 .0

2 4 0.5 0

2 3 3 .0 0

2 2 9 .5 0 -2 7 5 .0 0

114

3 9 .5

1 5 0 .5 0

1 4 5.5 0

1 2 8 .0 0 -1 4 6 .0 0

-

-

1

“

“

“

“

6

6

5

10

8

-

-

-

-

22

13

23

61

15

13

5

13

1 1

19

7

43

6

17

18

i

6

2

6

2

10

7

5

5

15

3

2

17

1

1

-

6

1

“

-

22

22

See fo o tn o te s at en d o f ta b le s .




-

1
-

1 4 3.0 0

3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 3 .5 0 -1 5 5 .0 0

-

2
-

3 6 .0

73

1 2 9.0 0

-

-

97

743

-

4

13

10

23

13

61
1
45

13

7

3

3

4

14

2

28

3

-

-

-

-

i

6

2

17

-

15
14

10

1

1

4

1

7

-

-

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1978— Continued
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—

O c c u p a tio n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
worker?

s

Average
w eekly
(standard)

S
90

M ean 2

M iddle range 2

Median 2

s

$
100

110

s
120

s

$
130

190

s
150

s
160

s
170

*

s
180

190

and
under
100

S
200

%

%
210

220

S

S
290

260

s

s
280

300

s
320

S
340

360

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

and

110

120

130

190

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

290

260

280

300

320

390

360

over

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
SWITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N IS T S MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------------FIN A N C E ---------------------------------------------------S E R V IC E S -------------------------------------------------ORDER CLERKS ----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------------ORDER C LERK S* CLASS A -------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------ORDER C L E R K S . CLASS B -------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------------ACCOUNTING CLERKS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------------R E T A I L TRADE ---------------------------------------F IN A N C E ---------------------------------------------------S E R V IC E S -------------------------------------------------ACCOUNTING C L E R K S . CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------------F IN A N C E ---------------------------------------------------S E R V IC E S -------------------------------------------------ACCOUNTING C L ER K S. CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------------r e t a i l t r a d e ---------------------------------------f i n a n c e ---------------------------------------------------S E R V IC E S -------------------------------------------------B OOKKEEPIN G-M AC H IN E OPERATORS ----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

550

3 9 .5

$
1 9 9.0 0

$
1 9 0 .0 0

1 2 5 .5 0 -1 6 6 .5 0

12

33

61

66

35

44

92

39

12

17

4

8

2

5

7

1

-

-

-

1 6 0 .0 0

1 6 1.5 0

1 3 8 .0 0 -1 6 0 .5 0

6

22

4

32

23

17

3

19

2

6

1

-

-

1 2 5 .0 0 -1 5 3 .5 0

76
-

9

3

2

2

1

6

-

-

1 6 1 .0 0 -2 9 3 .5 0

59
-

17

1 8 6.0 0

57
-

19

2 0 5 .5 0

i i
-

17

3 9 .0

6
-

1
-

-

1 3 7.5 0

2
-

4

1 9 3 .5 0

1
39

28

29
92
-

27

361

3 8 .5
9 0 .0

59
-

108

189

$

$

-

10

2

3

3

1

1

1

-

-

-

-

3 9 .5

1 3 8 .5 0

1 3 6.0 0

1 1 5 .0 0 -1 9 9 .5 0

-

-

29

22

10

19

14

1

1 2 9 .5 0 -1 9 7 .0 0

-

-

9

29

6

2

1

1
-

-

1 2 9.5 0

1
-

-

1 3 9.0 0

2
-

-

3 7 .0

6
-

1

58

1
-

6
-

-

107

1
-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

125

9 1 .5

1 9 0 .0 0

1 3 7.5 0

1 2 0 .0 0 -1 5 5 .5 0

6

“

19

13

92

16
3

17

1

15

7

2

459

3 9 .5

2 1 6 .0 0

2 0 0 .0 0

1 5 2 .5 0 -2 8 8 .0 0

-

37

20

16

19

23

17

36

31

8

29

17

39

33

66

19

3

3 9 .5

2 2 6 .0 0

2 0 1.5 0

1 6 6 .0 0 -3 0 8 .5 0

-

30

7
-

97

289

1
-

13

13

19

16

17

24

7

-

1

7

7

7

2

7

1

19

7

3

10

26

2

1

130

3 9 .5

2 1 9.0 0

2 1 5 .0 0

1 7 7 .0 0 -2 7 8 .0 0

7

4

34
1

19
-

i
-

1 3 2 .5 0 -2 3 9 .0 0

66
-

1

1 9 8.0 0

6
18

19

1 9 8 .5 0

23
8

1

9 0 .0

9
10

16

170

4

2

10

7

1

19

8

7

18

3

10

26

-

2

1

173

3 9 .5

2 6 9 .5 0

3 0 0.5 0

2 0 9 .0 0 -3 1 7 .5 0

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

10

-

3

21

3

16

2

16

2 8 5 .5 0

3 1 5.0 0

2 7 2 .5 0 -3 1 7 .5 0

-

“

“

“

3

17

“

~

~

16

64
64

19
19

1

3 9 .5

3
3

3

132

12
9

1

“

286

9 0 .0

1 6 3 .5 0

1 7 0.0 0

1 3 2 .5 0 -2 2 9 .5 0

-

37

97

20

16

9

23

14

5

8

15

18

30

2

-

-

-

13

13

19

16

13

19

1

6

14

8

4

2

-

-

-

7

7

39

7

2

9
-

15
-

19

30

7
-

7

1

15

5

4

2

1

10

26

-

“

157

3 9 .5

1 7 5 .5 0

1 6 6 .0 0

1 3 8 .0 0 -2 0 0 .0 0

-

1
-

129

9 0 .0

1 9 3 .0 0

1 7 7.5 0

1 3 2 .5 0 -2 7 6 .0 0

-

1

-

-

-

89

9 0 .0

2 2 0.0 0

2 0 7.0 0

1 7 7 .0 0 -2 8 8 .0 0

~

-

7

4

4

2

-

7

1

15

5

4

2

i

10

26

“

~

“

2 .2 9 3

3 9 .5

1 8 9 .0 0

1 6 9 .0 0

1 3 5 .0 0 -2 2 1 .0 0

159

256

186

221

137

193

111

94

63

63

146

63

107

93

61

57

21

5

3 9 .5

2 1 5 .0 0

1 9 8.0 0

1 5 6 .0 0 -2 7 3 .5 0

79
-

136

821

i
-

1

18

1 .9 2 2

3 9 .0

1 6 6 .0 0

1 5 0 .5 0

1 2 8 .0 0 -1 9 0 .0 0

79
-

155
-

136
-

86
170
-

129

1

57

59

50

52

55

95

29

25

59

35

76

93

59

98

19

16 2
10

87

56

99

3d

87

28

31

50

28

9

2

5
-

132

3 9 .0

2 5 9.5 0

2 6 3.0 0

2 2 7 .0 0 -2 9 3 .0 0

1
-

10

91
-

-

39
-

3

26

16

7

36

16

443

9 0 .0

1 6 4 .0 0

1 5 0.5 0

1 3 3 .5 0 -1 9 0 .0 0

-

6

60

37

93

95

76

10

31

20

20

9

21

44

5

4

-

1 3 7 .0 0

1 3 0 .5 0

1 1 7 .0 0 -1 9 5 .0 0

79

78

54

4

6

2

1

-

-

-

1 9 1 .5 0 -1 7 7 .0 0

2

17

28

26

27

18

13
4

9

1 5 7 .0 0

9
29

9

1 6 5.0 0

28
32

20

3 7 .0

69
-

68

207

-

8
-

2
-

3 9 .5

4
-

6
-

444

7

10

7

2

2

1

-

-

-

-

196

3 8 .0

1 7 9 .0 0

1 6 9 .0 0

1 3 6 .5 0 -2 0 0 .0 0

i

4

25

8

21

4

16

39

13

9

12

9

-

4

3

17

9

4

3

-

-

700

2 2 7 .0 0
2 6 9.5 0

2 1 7.5 0

1 7 5 .0 0 -2 7 6 .0 0

-

-

37

33

38

87

30

56

93

64

44

Id

5

-

19
-

93

-

19
-

48

2 2 5 .5 0 -3 1 7 .5 0

7
-

37

2 7 3.5 0

3
-

69

275

3 9 .0
4 0 .0

925

3 8 .5

2 0 0 .0 0

1 8 5 .0 0

1 5 7 .0 0 -2 2 9 .5 0

-

-

7
-

19

19
-

66

5
-

-

10

4 1

1

7

13

8

2 1

16

9

28

3 8 .5

3 0 3 .5 0

3 0 8.0 0

2 9 5 .0 0 -3 0 8 .0 0

-

-

3
-

165

3 9 .5

1 9 8 .5 0

1 8 6 .5 0

1 5 0 .5 0 -2 2 9 .5 0

-

-

-

119

3 7 .0

1 7 2 .0 0

1 6 2.0 0

1 9 7 .5 0 -1 9 9 .0 0

-

-

2

76

3 8 .5

2 1 9 .5 0

1 .59 3

3 9 .5

1 6 9 .5 0

1 9 8.5 0

1 3 0 .0 0 -1 8 9 .0 0

596

3 9 .5

1 8 7 .5 0

1 7 2.5 0

1 9 2 .5 0 -2 1 3 .5 U

997

3 9 .0

1 5 2.0 0

1 3 8 .0 0

1 2 0 .0 0 -1 6 9 .5 0

1 9 9 .5 0

1 7 5 .0 0 -2 6 9 .5 0

4

-

-

-

-

6

10

2

12

13

14

32

21

91

22

39

38

17

31

38

91

25

21

25

6

1

-

55
-

15

-

24
-

9

-

20
-

2

1

7

14

3

19

5

2

14

44

1

4

4

9

2

6

10

6

2

2

-

-

-

9

8

12

9

-

-

2

7

i
9

8
-

1
-

-

12

10

3

3

3

“

-

-

i
-

79
-

153

197

237

167

152

100

95

68

57

30

25

59

33

51

50

23

13

3

-

1

18

86

56

44

92

53

33

16

14

35

21

20

10

2

-

152
-

129
-

151
-

96

56

53

15

29

19

1 1
14

27

79
-

57
110

32

19

16

29

3

3

1

-

-

2

3

109

3 9 .0

2 9 1 .5 0

2 2 2 .5 0 -2 8 8 .0 0

10

3

26

19

1 9 3 .5 0

1 2 0 .0 0 -1 5 1 .0 0

-

6

60

37

93

35

9

19

1

15

7

7

-

4

6
-

29

9 0 .0

10
35

-

278

2 9 6.0 0
1 3 8.0 0

i
-

-

-

1
-

-

902

3 9 .5

1 3 2 .0 0

1 2 8 .5 0

1 1 7 .0 0 -1 9 3 .0 0

-

69
-

67
-

79
10

76

53

24

5

12

4

7

6

4

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

93

3 7 .0

1 5 6.0 0

1 5 0.5 0

1 3 8 .0 0 -1 7 2 .5 0

-

15

18

11

8

18

9

2

120

3 8 .0

1 5 7 .0 0

1 5 0.0 0

1 2 0 .5 0 -1 6 5 .0 0

1

4

25

8

17

4

16

24

4

i

"

202

3 9 .0

1 9 5 .5 0

1 9 9 .0 0

1 3 0 .0 0 -1 5 9 .0 0

-

-

38

36

90

46

16

5

3

1

-

18
22

39

-

-

3

-

36

12

16

5

1

78

3 9 .0

1 4 7 .5 0

1 5 0 .5 0

1 1 7 .5 0 -1 5 9 .0 0

-

-

21

10
-

129

3 9 .0

1 9 3.5 0

1 3 8.0 0

1 3 0 .0 0 -1 5 2 .0 0

-

-

17

10

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




-

5

-

-

1

10

-

_

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

1

1
4

4
-

-

“

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

i

-

-

-

“

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1978— Continued
""^Veekl^Tarn lngs^"
( standard)

O c c u p a tio n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

of
workers

Num ber of w orkers

s

$

Av era ge
weekly

90
Mean 2

(standard)

Middle range 2

Median2

$
100

rec e iv in g

s

$
110

120

stra igh t-tim e

s
130

s
190

w e ek ly

S
150

160

of—

e a rn in g s

s

$
170

s
180

%
190

S
20 0

s

%
210

220

S

%
290

260

S
280

s

%
300

320

s
390

and
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

100

110

120

130

190

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

290

260

280

300

320

390

360

-

-

~

-

-

under

360
and
over

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
BOOKKEEPIN G-MACHINE OPERATORS CONTINUED
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPER ATORS.
CLASS B -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

$

$

$

1 9 1 .5 0

1 9 1.0 0

1 2 2 .0 0 -1 5 2 .5 0

$
-

-

38

61

3 9 .0

1 9 1 .0 0

1 5 2 .5 0

1 1 7 .5 0 -1 5 9 .0 0

-

-

21

106

3 9 .0

1 9 2.0 0

1 3 8 .0 0

1 3 0 .5 0 -1 5 2 .0 0

-

“

17

MACHINE B IL L E R S --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

127

3 9 .5

1 8 2 .0 0

1 3 8.0 0

1 1 7 .5 0 -2 9 0 .0 0

-

-

78

3 9 .5

1 6 8.0 0

1 3 6.0 0

1 1 7 .5 0 -2 3 0 .0 0

“

B IL L IN G - M A C H IN E B IL L E R S --------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

81

3 9 .5

1 9 9 .0 0

1 3 8 .0 0

1 1 7 .5 0 -2 8 9 *0 0

-

-

59

3 9 .0

1 5 7 .0 0

1 1 7 .5 0

1 1 7 .5 0 -2 3 1 .0 0

-

“
_

PAYROLL CLERKS ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------S E R V IC E S ------------------------------------------------KEY ENTRY OPERATORS ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE --------------------------------R E T A IL TRADE ---------------------------------------F IN A NC E --------------------------------------------------S E R V IC E S ------------------------------------------------KEY E N T k Y OPERATORS. CLASS A --------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONKANUFACTURING ----------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE --------------------------------FIN A N C E --------------------------------------------------S E R V IC E S ------------------------------------------------KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS B --------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------------------R E T A IL TRADE ---------------------------------------FIN A N C E ---------------------------------------------------S E R V IC E S -------------------------------------------------

169

3 9 .0

10

31

28

46

31

6
22

39

10

38

8

20

-

2

31

"

n

31

-

n

-

3 1

“

n

“

19

92
18

28
29

50

19
-

29

4

A 33

3 9 .0

2 1 9 .5 0

2 0 5 .5 0

1 5 2 .5 0 -2 8 1 .5 0

_

280

3 9 .5

2 1 6 .0 0

2 0 5 .5 0

1 5 2 .5 0 -2 8 8 .5 0

-

-

1
-

153

3 8 .5

2 1 2 .0 0

2 1 1 .0 0

1 5 2 .0 0 -2 6 9 .0 0

-

-

1

10

-

1
-

10

1

“

-

1

-

11

1

“

10

-

-

-

1

”

-

~

7
4

13

3

5

38
12

8

3 8 .5

2 5 5 .5 0

2 9 8.0 0

3 7 .0

2 1 0 .0 0

1 9 2 .5 0

1 5 2 .0 0 -2 9 3 .0 0

-

-

12

95
6

3 9 .5

1 8 5.5 0

1 7 0.0 0

1 9 7 .0 0 -2 1 8 *5 0

625
89 6

9 0 .0

2 1 0 .5 0

2 1 0.5 0

1 6 0 .0 0 -2 6 9 .0 0

30

38

19

18

55

31

15

6

2

13

29

12

10

38

21

11

6

2

17

19

7

8

17

10

4

19

8

6

2

7

6

4

~

“

"

5

10

4

“

30

186

90

19

3

28

168

5

16

3

“

6

i

98

75

86

68

64

39
59

18

30
56

30

40

93
59

57

38

29

39

2

18

35

3

7

22

1

19

2

4

19

33
-

9

10

4

6

3

6

95

12

19

18

16

6

8

5
39

23

26

29

15

5

29

22

57

6

1

13

13
4

2

3

1

4

29

72

56

97

56

44

97

76

11

25

15

1

29

19

7

10

29

53

10

20

35
~

19

19

93

92

99

39

18

23

35

6
19

1
*

5

1
4

5

33

31

5
12

32

152

9 0 .0

1 7 0.5 0

1 6 5.0 0

1 6 0 .0 0 -1 9 0 .0 0

11

4

16

219

3 7 .5

1 5 6.5 0

1 6 0 .0 0

1 2 9 .3 0 -1 8 2 .0 0

12

17

228

3 9 .0

1 5 2 .5 0

1 5 2 .0 0

1 2 7 .0 0 -1 6 9 .0 0

“

9

12

6

_

6
-

-

1 6 9 .0 0 -2 2 9 .5 0

219

9 0 .0

2 1 9 .5 0

2 1 6 .0 0

1 7 5 .5 0 -2 3 9 *0 0

-

18

n

52

a

16

27

3 9 .C

1 8 9 .0 0

1 8 4 . OJ

1 6 0 .0 0 -2 0 3 .5 0

58

3 9 .5

2 6 5 .0 0

2 8 9.0 0

2 2 7 .0 0 -2 9 8 .0 0

-

-

27
-

51

3 9 .0

1 8 7 .5 0

1 7 5 .0 0

1 6 8 .5 0 -2 2 9 .5 0

*

~

1

100

3 7 .5

1 7 6 .0 0

1 8 3 .0 0

1 5 6 .5 0 -1 9 2 .5 0

~

-

99

3 d .5

1 6 2.5 0

1 5 7 .5 0

1 3 9 .5 0 -1 7 0 .0 0

913
911

3 9 .5

1 7 7.0 0

1 6 0 .0 0

1 3 8 .0 0 -2 0 8 .5 0

9 0 .0

2 0 8 .0 0

1 9 9.5 0

1 5 5 .0 0 -2 6 9 .5 0
1 2 9 .5 0 -1 6 9 .0 0

1 9 9 .5 0

1 7 6 .0 0 -2 3 1 .0 0

1 3 8.0 0

3 9 .5

1 5 1.0 0

1 6 0.0 0

3 7 .5

1 3 9.5 0

1 9 7 .5 0

1 0 8 .5 0 -1 6 2 .5 0

139

3 9 .5

1 9 5 .0 0

1 9 2 .0 0

1 2 0 .0 0 -1 6 9 .0 0

40

3
44

3

-

2

7
12

11

4

2

6

3
22

1

2
2

8

2

15

15

13

12

18

12

6

“

13

1

2

40

92

76

84

109

29

33

98

25

28
15

30

3X

1 18
10

92

17

23

2C

108

17

13

7

4

6

6

2

i

12

39
-

36
-

75
~

95

51

56

16

20

29

5
12

25

13

11

1

19

27

10

3

8
12

2
22

21

4

95

17
9

a
12

39

6

2

10

3

2

2

-

3

2

-

3

2
~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

19

3

2

14
-

3
-

~

-

-

2
2

-

-

“

-

-

3

1

17
11

17
1

19
18

161
148

5
5

5

2

~

6

16

1

13

~

3

~

6

16

1

9

3

~

“

5

“
“

-

5

6

4

39

8

13
-

12
-

1 9 8 .0 0 -1 6 0 .0 0

119

12
-

1 2 5 .0 0 -1 5 5 .0 0

59

3

18

-

“

2

19
-

9 1

65

21

1 9 0.5 0

■

4

2
29

102
“

16
-

1 9 8 .0 0

'

13
9

2

36

13
-

3 9 .0

-

12

190

39
~

610

15

15

39
151

~

-

—

27

1

3

“

8
i i

49

12
-

1

“

19

195

1 8 9 .0 0 -2 8 5 .0 0

2 1 8 .5 0

6

15

~

98

1 2 9 .0 0 -1 6 6 .5 0

1 3 9 .0 0

'

113

2 2 7 .5 0

1 5 1.0 0

10
10

31
64

1 9 5 .0 0

2 1 1 .5 0

7
7

95

1 6 8 .0 0

3 9 .5

"

17

1 5 2.5 0

3 9 .0

-

-

“

~

6

119

2 3 7 .5 0

3 9 .0

“

9

3 9 .0

62

11
10

90

3 9 .5

133

15
15

1 1

3 9 .5

502

”

-

1

3

120

396

-

”

*

1

-

6

189

1 3 6 .0 0 -1 8 9 .0 0

~

“

96

1 6 0 .5 0

4

"

2 1 9 .0 0 -2 9 2 .0 0

50
1 .52 3

4

-

**

1

99

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




12

“

2

"

~
-

~
-

-

-

~

4
11

2

“

1

3

”

“

“
4

~

“

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1978
We ekly earnings
( standard)

O c c u p a tio n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
workers

(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f$

Average
weekly
Vinurc 1
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

s

$
100

and
u n d er
120

S

$

140

-

-

190

160

160

i

s

S

S

$

S

s

$

$

180

180

200

220

290

260

280

-

120

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

200

220

29 0

260

280

300

320

390

360

300

320

$

s

$

%

S

$

$

380

900

990

980

520

560

-

390

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

380

900

990

9 8C

520

560

600

690

360

600

ALL WORKERS
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------F IN A N C E ---------------------------------------------------S E R V IC E S -------------------------------------------------COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS A ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS B ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------COMPUTER SYSTEM S ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS C ---------------------------COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) -----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------------FIN A N C E ---------------------------------------------------COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS A --------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

6 86

3 9 .5

$
3 9 1 .5 0

$
3 8 9.0 0

$
$
3 2 9 .0 0 -9 9 7 .0 0

4^1

3 9 .5

9 2 1 .5 0

9 2 2 .0 0

3 6 1 .0 0 -9 7 9 .5 0

-

-

-

-

295

3 9 .0

3 3 7.5 0

3 3 7.5 0

3 0 3 .0 0 -3 8 2 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

103

3 7 .5

3 5 0.5 0

3 9 5.5 0

3 2 5 .5 0 -3 7 2 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

56

3 9 .5

3 1 7.0 0

3 1 1.5 0

2 8 7 .5 0 -3 9 5 .0 0

~

“

~

~

“

183

3 9 .5

9 9 7.0 0

4 3 9 .5 0

3 9 8 .5 0 -9 9 1 .5 0

135

9 0 .0

9 6 3 .5 0

9 5 3 .5 0

-

376

3 9 .5

3 7 9.5 0

3 6 8 .0 0

3 2 2 .5 0 -9 2 9 .5 0

9 0 .0

9 1 2 .0 0

9 0 2 .0 0

3 9 1 . 5 0 —9 6 1 aOO

160

3 8 .5

3 3 6.0 0

3 3 7 .5 0

_

_

_

“

“

“

3 9 7.5 0
2 6 7 .0 0

3 5 2 .0 0
2 5 7 .5 0

53

115

75

52

32

19

39

32

85

68

50

30

19

30

25

21

30

7

2

2

-

1

2

8

10

29

17

18

13

7

3

*

-

5

16

a

1

6

2

1

-

1

t>

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

'

_

_

1

_

-

“

”

_

"

8

7

5

8

18

95

36

24

15

8

8

3

5

4

5

10

26

30

22

19

8

8

4
-

3

5

_

33

38

59

39

44

28

20

17

11

-

-

16

19

21

1 1

29

15

52
91

28

-

27

20

lo

11

-

4

3

5

17

29

33

28

20

13

11

1

“

1

"

“

10

i

12

9

9

8

8

14

12

7

18

11

8

-

-

-

6
-

19
-

52

48

68

80

93

61

37

29

22

14

29

5

6

5

-

-

-

-

6
-

10

30

20

15

12

7

3

5

19

95

19

31

17

19

10

7

21

10

42
-

13

5

3

3

1

5

2

2

2

19

1
4
-

3

6
-

17
5 1

29

6
-

15
33

35

-

“

~

~

2

5

7

18

19

19

19

9

5

5

2

~

2

_

_

_

9

_

4

5

10

11

31

19

19

16

6

22

5

6

-

-

-

4

-

7

2

10

2

7

10

2

1

1

3

9

”

5

3

9

21

12

7

4

21

4

3

_

_

-

~

197

3 9 .5

2 8 6.0 0

2 7 2 .5 0

2 2 0 .5 0 -3 0 3 *5 0
2 9 9 . J O - 3 1 9 . 50

328

3 9 .0

2 5 5 .5 0

2 9 9 .0 0

2 0 0 .0 0 -2 9 9 .5 0

2 5 6 .0 0

2 0 3 .0 0 -3 6 3 .0 0

61

9 0 .0

2 7 8.5 0

108

3 7 .5

2 7 1.5 0

2 6 5 .5 0

2 3 9 .5 0 -2 9 7 .5 0

158

3 9 .0

3 2 1.0 0

3 0 8 .0 0

2 8 5 .5 0 -3 7 0 .5 0

59

3 9 .5

3 3 2.5 0

3 3 1 .0 0

2 9 1 .5 0 -3 5 9 .5 0

109

3 8 .5

3 1 5 .0 0

3 0 3 .5 0

2 8 3 .5 0 -3 8 9 .0 0

2 6 0 .0 0

2 5 3.0 0

2 3 2 .0 0 -2 8 8 .0 0

2 7 9.0 0

2 6 3 .5 0

2 9 9 .0 0 -3 0 2 .5 0

139

3 9 .0

2 9 6 .5 0

2 9 9 .0 0

2 3 0 .0 0 -2 6 3 .0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS C --------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

108

3 9 .5

2 0 9.5 0

2 0 0 .0 0

1 8 0 .0 0 -2 1 8 .0 0

90

3 9 .5

1 9 9 .5 0

1 9 8.0 0

1 8 0 .0 0 -2 0 3 .0 0

655

3 9 .5

2 1 5.5 0

2 0 1 .5 0

285

3 9 .5

2 2 2.5 0
2 0 9.5 0

2 0 7 .0 0

_

_

°

_

“

_

_

-

-

-

~

“

~

“

_

_

_

_

_

27

27

22

13

6

8

2

28

18

18

8

2

5

2

8

2

10

40

9

9

18
4

5

4

3

-

_

_

.

.

_

_

_

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

2
-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 1

2

5

3

i

2

1 1

2

1

1

i

2

1 8 2 .0 0 -2 3 7 .0 0

-

16

92

109

150

107

31

29

20

28

13

-

12

39

79

46

78
95

37

1 8 5 .5 0 -2 3 7 *0 0

16

8

11

3

18

13

1
-

16
-

30
-

70

71
~

61

33

21

23

13

17

10

1

2

8

5

9

6

2
-

1
-

3

16

22

3

1

3

1

35

16

15

9

1

3

1

1
-

6

12

19

21

16

17
3

2
-

1

10

8
22

1
~

3

7
-

2

6

2

4

2

"

-

-

7

4

95

15

29

20

10

21

14

-

2

16

27
16

1

5

11

2

18

13

1
-

19

19

9

8

3

i

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 9 6 .5 0

1 7 3 .0 0 -2 3 7 .0 0

2 8 3.0 0

2 9 5 .0 0

2 3 7 .0 0 -3 1 1 .0 0

9 0 .0

1 9 6 .5 0

1 9 9 .0 0

1 6 8 .5 0 -2 0 2 .0 0

-

129

3 7 .5

2 0 7 .5 0

2 0 6 .5 0

1 7 3 .5 0 -2 3 5 .5 0

-

88

3 9 .5

1 9 6.5 0

1 8 2 .0 0

1 6 0 .5 0 -2 0 9 .0 0

188

3 9 .0

2 6 0.5 0

2 5 1 .0 0

2 1 5 .5 0 -2 9 6 .0 0

-

-

89

4 0 .0

2 8 0 .0 0

2 8 3 .0 0

2 2 6 .0 0 -3 3 7 .0 0

-

-

2

-

-

-

2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

109

3 9 .0

2 9 9 .5 0

2 9 3 .5 0

2 0 9 .0 0 -2 7 5 .5 0

-

-

-

7

2

29

1 1

397

3 9 .5

2 0 1.5 0

1 9 5 .5 0

1 8 2 .0 0 -2 1 7 .5 0

-

25

52

125

52

9 1

20

7

4

9

155

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

2 0 3 . Ob

1 9 9 .5 0

1 8 3 .0 0 -2 2 9 .5 0

-

7
~

4

18

67

29

23

15

-

1

1 7 0 .0 0 -2 1 6 .5 0

-

7

21

2b

18

5

3
4

2
-

4

, 8

2

1

-

i

2

1

i

-

1 7 0 .0 0 -2 0 2 .0 0

_

-

68

33

1 7 3 .5 0 -2 1 6 .5 0

_

17
35

23

1 9 5 .5 0

5
5

52

92
90

37

1 8 6 .5 0

“

i

2

1 9 2 .5 0

-

i i

2

1 9 4 .5 0

1

8

i

1 9 3 .5 0

1

-

10

i

9 0 .0

-

-

8
-

6

3 7 .5

-

-

-

5
-

6

57

-

-

"

“

57

-

3

5

-

68

2 0 0.0 0

_

-

3 9 .5

192

8
8

-

3 9 .5

1

39

58

3

16

22

8

2

6

16

12

12

8

at end o f ta b le s .




64

28

39

-

3 9 .5

S e e fo o tn o te s

5b

30

30

-

125

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE --------------------------------F IN A N C E ----------------------------------------------------

69

24

17

-

259

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -»---------------------------------

59

25

6

-

525

370

92

3

18

2 8 5 .5 0 -9 0 9 .0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS B --------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

COMPUTER OPERATORS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE --------------------------------FIN A N C E ---------------------------------------------------S E R V IC E S --------------------------------------------------

9

-

4

10

“

'

3 9 .5

4

"

3 0 8 .5 0 -3 6 5 .5 0

127

19

18

-

19

_

_

9 2 2 .5 0 -5 0 5 .5 0

216

-

7

3

-

-

-

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1978— Continued
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a rn in gs o f —
N ___k„

O c c u p a tio n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

s

Av era ge
weekly

$

s

$

$

s

(standard)

Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

120

140

160

180

200

-

-

-

-

-

120

workers

100

140

160

180

200

~

9

17
9

45

9

29

190

91

%
22 0

s

*

s

$

$

S

$

s

$

S

$

$

$

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

440

480

520

560

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

220

24 0

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

440

480

520

560

600

640

21

10

10

2

-

-

1

5

-

-

-

11

4

4

2

1

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

115

175

202

188

264

279

312

357

308

241

186

404

69

-

-

-

36
79

92

111

89

145

191

200

207

177

154

125

3 28

24

8
-

-

-

83

91

99

88

112

150

131

87

61

76

45

76

600

and
under

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED

COMPUTER OPERATORS - CONTINUED
COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS C --------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

120

3 9 .0

$
1 8 5.0 0

$
1 7 2 .5 0

$
$
1 6 0 .5 0 -1 9 0 .0 0

74

3 9 .0

1 8 5 .0 0

1 7 1 .0 0

1 6 0 .0 0 -1 9 0 .0 0

DRAFTERS -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBL IC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------------

3 .4 7 3

4 0 .0

2 7 8 .5 0

2 8 9.0 0

2 2 0 .0 0 -3 4 2 .0 0

84

2 .0 3 8

4 0 .0

2 9 1 .0 0

2 9 9 .0 0

2 4 5 .0 0 -3 5 9 .0 0

44

85

30

1 .43 5

3 9 .5

2 6 1 .0 0

2 7 0 .0 0

1 9 2 . J O - 3 2 4 . 00

105
-

61

28

8

-

8
-

-

-

-

-

3 8 .0

2 6 5 .5 0

2 4 4 .0 0

2 3 7 .0 0 -3 0 9 .5 0

1

9

9

12

33

16

6

5

26

7

i

1 .18 3

40 .0

2 6 0 .0 0

2 7 8.0 0

1 8 2 .0 0 -3 2 7 .5 0

40

105

eO

68

63

76

62

50

69

101

141

99

79

58

-

-

23

29

43

24

34

78

130

143

155

19 1

176

374

69

8

24

28

24

20

35

77

112

114

115

298

24

4 0 .0

3 3 4 .5 0

3 5 2 .0 0

3 0 0 .5 0 -3 8 2 .0 0

-

958

4 0 .0

3 3 7 .5 0

3 5 8 .5 0

3 1 0 .0 0 -3 8 2 .0 0

-

DRAFTERS. CLASS B ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------------

4 0 .0

3 2 9 .0 0

3 4 0 .0 0

2 9 2 .0 0 -3 7 6 .0 0

4 0 .0

3 2 7 .0 0

3 4 0 .0 0

2 9 0 .0 0 -3 7 6 .0 0

853

4 0 .0

2 8 2 .0 0

2 9 3.0 0

2 4 9 .5 0 -3 2 1 .0 0

-

-

408

4 0 .0

3 0 1 .5 0

3 0 2 .5 0

2 6 9 .5 0 -3 2 7 .0 0

-

-

-

445

4 0 .0

2 6 4 .5 0

2 8 5.0 0

2 2 0 .0 0 -3 1 2 .5 0

399

4 0 .0

2 6 1 .0 0

2 7 8 .0 0

883

-

-

-

-

-

15

5

15

-

14

43

53

79
64

43

77

61

76

45

8

15

5

15

~

14

41

50

57

35

70

58

76

28

8

15
-

25
-

29
-

42

57
5

85

103

106

152

149

50

10

30

_

_

-

5

58

75

58

66

61

40

-

48

86

88

10

30
-

-

28

10
-

-

27

-

-

-

-

-

41

84

64

9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

15

25

29

37

52

15

2 1 0 .0 0 -3 0 9 .0 0

574

-

-

-

519
472

-

“

207

119
66

1 .477

DRAFTERS. CLASS C ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONKANUFACTURING ----------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------------

-

16

8
-

40
-

DRAFTERS. CLASS A ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------------

~

25

26

36

49

27

23

5a
43

76

-

-

-

-

-

90

75

62

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

57

73

64

62

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

19

17

11

-

-

-

-

-

15

-

-

-

-

-

23

1 1

9

5

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

~

69
10

8

1

-

-

-

-

-

8

1

-

-

-

-

4 0 .0

2 0 3 .5 0

1 9 9 .0 0

1 3 9 .0 0 -2 6 4 .0 0

49

178

74

50

96

71

4 0 .0

2 1 9 .5 0

2 3 0 .0 0

1 4 7 .5 0 -2 7 6 .0 0

44

84

28

23

53

309

3 9 .5

1 7 5 .0 0

1 6 0 .0 0

1 3 2 .0 0 -2 1 2 .5 0

5

94

46

27

43

39
32

254

4 0 .0

1 6 5 .0 0

1 5 0 .0 0

1 3 0 .0 0 -1 9 0 .0 0

5

94

45

22

30

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

260

3 9 .0

2 0 3 .5 0

2 1 8.5 0

1 7 8 .0 0 -2 4 4 .0 0

2

17

21

46

49

4 0 .0

2 1 6 .0 0

2 1 3.0 0

2 0 1 .5 0 -2 2 7 .5 0

35
-

12

9a

1

2

5

15

39

162

3 8 .5

1 9 6 .5 0

2 2 9 .5 0

1 2 1 .5 0 -2 4 4 .0 0

35

11

-

12

6

7

17
32

-

-

-

-

-

-

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS --------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

6 66

3 9 .0

3 5 9 .5 0

3 6 0.0 0

3 5 1 .0 0 -3 9 5 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

1

12

5

29

21

63

50

79

322

239

158

4 0 .0

3 1 3 .5 0

3 1 4 .5 0

2 8 0 .5 0 -3 4 4 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

12

-

24

11

46

18

32

12

3

46
-

-

-

-

-

5

5

10

17

32

47

310

236

4a

i

2

1

4

22

12

310

2 36

41

-

-

-

ELECTRONICS T E C H N IC IA N S. CLASS ANONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

16
4

6

46

-

_

-

6

46

i
i

“

“

-

“

REGISTERED IN DUSTRIAL NURSES ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

Se e fo o tn o te s

3 9 .0

3 6 9 .5 0

3 6 0.0 0

3 6 0 .0 0 -3 9 5 .0 0

-

6 28

3 9 .0

3 7 4 .5 0

3 6 0 .0 0

3 6 0 .0 0 -3 9 5 .0 0

~

”

“

173

4 0 .0

3 5 7 .0 0

3 5 0 .0 0

3 2 2 .5 0 -4 0 5 .0 0

-

-

-

-

112

4 0 .0

3 6 9 .0 0

3 6 9 .0 0

3 3 5 .0 0 -4 1 1 .0 0

“

~

“
-

-

-

-

1

13

28

18

44

“

~

“

1

4

14

12

24

~

_

1
-

-

“
-

-

-

~

-

-

2 9 6 .0 0

3 0 3.5 0

2 7 5 .5 0 -3 1 0 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

12

-

12

-

32

12

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

4 0 .0

2 7 0 .0 0

2 7 1.5 0

2 3 8 .5 0 -3 0 8 .0 0

-

-

-

12

3

15

28

31

41

35

39

14

3

2

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

199

4 0 .0

2 7 0 .5 0

2 7 1.5 0

2 4 0 .0 0 -3 0 8 .0 0

8

1

14

27

26

39

30

38

11

3

71

at end o f t a bl es .




1

59

-

226

o

ELECTRONICS T E C H N IC IA N S. CLASS B:
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

710

■P
o

DRAFTER-TRACERS -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

-

8

-

2

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex.
in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1978
Average
( m e a n 2)

Sex , 3 oc c u p a ti on ,

OFFICE

and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

O CCUPATION

-

Number
of
woikers

Weekly
hours
standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

91

3 9 .0

72

3 8 .5

O RDE R C L E R K S ------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------WHOL ES A L E T R A D E --------------O RD ER C L E R K S . C L A S S A --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

268

3 9 .5

2 5 2 .0 0

169

3 9 .5

2 6 2 .5 0

99

3 9 .5

2 3 4.0 0

99

3 9 .5

2 3 4 .0 0

153

3 9 .5

2 6 8.5 0

112

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

2 2 9 .5 0

4 0 .0

2 1 3 .5 0

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------

303

3 9 .0

2 5 6 .5 0

163

ACCOUNTING C L E R K S . CLAS S A
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N f i A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

OCCUPATIONS

-

3 9 .5

2 8 8.0 0

140

3 8 .0

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

Sex, 3 oc c u pa tio n ,

and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Weekly
houre1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

724

3 8 .5

$
1 3 4.0 0

128

3 9 .5

1 7 7.5 0

596

3 8 .0

1 2 4 .5 0

379

3 7 .0

1 2 0 .5 0

61

4 0 .0

1 3 4 .0 0

96

3 9 .0

1 7 6 .0 0

64

3 8 .5

1 5 0.5 0

F I L E C LE R K S . CLASS B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---F I N A N C E ------------------

202

3 8 .5

1 4 5.5 0
1 6 3.0 0

F I L E C LE R K S . CLASS C
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---F I N A N C E ------------------

O F F IC E OCCUPATIONS
WOMEN— C O N T I N U E D

S E C R E T A R I E S . CLASS C
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------no nm an u fac tu rin g
—
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S
WH OL ESALE TRADE F I N A N C E ---------------S E R V I C E S --------------

1 .3 9 1

3 9 .0

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS D
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S F I N A N C E -----------------S E R V I C E S ----------------

$
2 2 8 .5 0

723

3 9 .5

2 3 1 .0 0

668

3 9 .0

2 2 5 .5 0

131

3 9 .0

2 6 0 .5 0

70

4 0 .0
3 7 .5

2 0 9 .0 0

199

3 9 .5

2 3 6 .0 0

1 .4 9 9
649

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

1 9 9 .5 0
2 0 3 .0 0

845

3 8 .5

1 9 7.0 0

F I L E C L E R K S -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---NO NM ANUFACT URING
F I N A N C E -----------S E R V I C E S ----------

-

2 3 8 .5 0

192

3 8 .5

2 5 4.0 0

161

3 9 .5

2 8 2 .0 C

85

4 0 .0

3 1 2 .5 0

76

3 8 .5

2 4 8.0 0

94

3 8 .5

2 0 9 .5 0

356

3 7 .5

F I L E C LE R K S . CLASS A
NONMANUFACTURInG —

337

4 0 .0

2 1 6 .0 0

3 9 .0

142

3 8 .5

2 2 7 .5 0

78

3 9 .5

1 8 5.5 0

3 8 .0

1 8 7 .0 0

27

3 8 .0

2 2 1 .0 0

3 9 .5

1 8 6.5 0

3 8 .0

2 1 9 .0 0

4 0 .0

1 8 7.0 0

3 7 .5

116

4 0 .0

2 6 3.5 0

101

4 0 .0

2 6 4 .0 0

S T E N O G R A P H E R S . S E N I O R -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------S E R V I C E S --------------------------3 9 .0

2 3 3 .5 0

—
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S
W H OLES A LE TRAD E —
R E T A I L T R A D E -------F I N A N C E ----------------S E R V I C E S ---------------

2*045

3 8 .5

2 1 8.5 0

318

3 8 .5

2 5 3 .0 0

219

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 8 2 .0 0

6 26

3 7 .5

1 9 4 .0 0

711

3 9 .5

2 2 7.0 0

426

3 8 .0

1 1 9 .0 0

415

3 8 .0

1 1 8 .5 0

279

3 7 .0

1 1 4 .5 0

1 8 2 .0 0

3 9 .0

1 8 8.5 0

3 9 .5

1 9 2 .0 0

3 8 .0

1 8 5.5 0

3 8 .0

2 1 6 .5 0

4 0 .0

1 6 1.5 0

3 7 .5

1 4 7.0 0

M E S S E N G E R S ---------------M AN U FA C TU R IN G —
NONM AN UFACTURING

3 9 .5

1 8 3.5 0

4 0 .0

1 8 1.0 0

3 8 .5

1 8 8.0 0

3 9 .5

1 9 0 .0 0

TRA NSCR IBIN G-rtA CHINE T Y P I S T S
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------F I N A N C E -----------------------------

3 8 .5

1 4 9 .5 0

3 8 .0

1 3 1.5 0

3 6 .5

1 2 3.0 0

T Y P I S T S --------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------W H O L E S A L E T R A O E -------------F I N A N C E ----------------------------S E R V I C E S ---------------------------

3 8 .5

1 5 1 .5 0

174

1 4 7 .5 0
1 2 6 .0 0

3 9 .5

1 8 7.0 0

74

3 9 .5

2 2 3 .5 0

217

3 9 .5

1 7 4.5 0

42

3 9 .0

2 4 0 .5 0

113

3 9 .5

1 5 0 .0 0

550

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G , -----PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ---F I N A N C E ------------------S E R V I C E S ------------------

1 3 4 .0 0

3 8 .5
3 9 .0

291

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------NONMANU FACTUR ING —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S
S E R V I C E S --------------

3 8 .5

66
108

3 9 .5

1 4 9 .0 0

189

3 8 .5

1 6 0 .0 0

361

4 0 .0

1 4 3 .5 0

28

3 9 .0

2 0 5 .5 0

107

3 9 .5

1 3 8.5 0

58

3 7 .0

1 3 4 .0 0

125

4 1 .5

1 4 0.0 0

191

3 9 .5

1 6 5 .0 0

120

3 9 .5

1 7 4 .5 0

2 4 2.0 0

171

1 2 8 .5 0

2 2 6 .0 0

3 9 .5

3 7 .0

no nm an u fac tu rin g

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS A
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------NO NM ANU FAC TUR ING

—

S E C R E T A R I E S . CLASS B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------NO NM ANU FAC TUR ING —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S
W H OLES ALE TRAOE F I N A N C E ----------------S E R V I C E S ---------------

S e e fo o tn o te s

210

3 9 .0

2 5 3 .5 0

115

3 8 .5

2 6 2 .5 0

95

3 9 .0

2 4 2 .5 0

7 39

3 9 .0

2 5 4.5 0

373

3 9 .0

2 6 5 .0 0

366

3 9 .0

2 4 4 .0 0

82

3 9 .0

88

4 0 .0

2 5 6.0 0

61

3 7 .0

2 7 9 .0 0

3 9 .5

2 2 0.5 0

T Y P I S T S . C L A S S B -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------W H O L E S A L E T R A O E -------------F I N A N C E ----------------------------S E R V I C E S ---------------------------

at end o f ta b le s .




1 6 3 .0 0

3 8 .0

1 4 3 .0 0

3 9 .0

9

71

1 4 9 .5 0

O RD ER C L E R K S . C L A S S B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------

171
100

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 5 2.0 0
1 5 4 .0 0

71

4 0 .0

1 4 9 .5 0

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ---R E T A I L T R A D E ---------F I N A N C E ------------------S E R V I C E S ------------------

1*940

3 9 .5

1 7 2 .5 0

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S . CL<
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------

190

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----WH OL ES ALE TRADE —
F I N A N C E ------------------S E R V I C E S ------------------

349
148

3 9 .5

2 0 9 .0 0

4 0 .0

1 4 4 .5 0

3 7 .0

1 2 1.5 0

3 8 .0

1 7 0.0 0

3 9 .0

1 8 0 .5 0

4 0 .0

1 8 2.5 0

3 8 .0

1 7 8.5 0

3 9 .5

2 2 3 .0 0

3 6 .0

658

3 9 .5

1 9 7 .0 0

1 >282

3 9 .0

1 6 0 .5 0

89

3 9 .0

2 5 5 .0 0

414

4 0 .0

1 5 8 .5 0

441

3 9 .5

1 3 7 .0 0

160

3 7 .0

1 6 5 .0 0

178

3 8 .0

1 7 1 .0 0

539

3 9 .0

2 1 1.0 0

4 0 .0

2 5 0 .0 0

3 8 .5

1 8 9 .5 0

2 1 3 .0 0

2 4 0 .5 0

105

T Y P I S T S . C L A S S A -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------S E R V I C E S ---------------------------

3 9 .5

ORDER C L E R K S ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------

O

4 .01 4
1 f 96 V

1 3 3 .0 0

65

C

------------------m anufacturing
----------

3 8 .0

1 5 6.5 0

3 9 .0

S T E N O G R A P H E R S . G E N E R A L -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E -------------F I N A N C E -----------------------------

3 9 .5

1 8 5 .0 0

3 8 .5

2 6 1.0 0

64

S T E N O G R A P H E R S -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------NON MANU FACTUR ING —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S
WH OL ES ALE TRADE F I N A N C E ---------------S E R V I C E S --------------

85
117

1 7 6.0 0

2 2 0 .0 0

43

WOMEN

SECRETARIES

Weekly
hours1
(standard)

2 8 7.5 0

57

OFFICE

and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

1 6 6 .5 0

115

P A Y R O L L C L E R K S -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

o cc u p a t i o n ,

O FFIC E OCCUPATIONS
WOMEN— C O N T I N U E D

O RD ER C L E R K S . C L A S S B --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

ACCOUNTING C L E R K S . C LASS B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N i M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------

Sex,

Number
of
workers

f 6 3•50

MEN

HES S E N G E R S ----------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

Average
( m e a n2)

Average
( m e a n 2)

3 8 .5
3 9 .5

1 3 9 .5 0

3 8 .0

1 3 0.0 0

1 5 3.0 0

4 0 .0

1 4 4 .0 0

3 7 .0

1 1 9 .0 0

3 9 .0

1 4 6 .5 0

1 8 7 .5 0

86

3 7 .0

1 7 0 .5 0

61

3 8 .0

2 0 2 .0 0

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1978— Continued
Sex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

O F FIC E OCCUPATIONS
WOMEN— C O N T I N U E D
ACCOUNTING

CLERKS

-

Weekly
hours1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

-

B O O K K E E P I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R S --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------

1 5 8.0 0

.4 0 1

3 9 .5

468

3 9 .5

1 7 5.0 0

933

3 9 .5

1 4 9 .5 0

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 4 2.0 0

399

3 9 .5

1 3 2 .0 0

74

3 7 .5

1 5 9.0 0

117

3 8 .0

COMPUTER SYST E M S A N A LY S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) ----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------F I N A N C E --------------------------------COMPUTER S YST E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S A -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

1 4 3.0 0

COMPU TE R S YST E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S B -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------

3 9 .0

1 4 1.5 0

COMPU TE R S YST E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S C --------

3 9 .0

E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A O E -------------------------R E T A I L T R A D E -------------------------------F I N A N C E ----------------------------------------S E R V I C E S ---------------------------------------

3 9 .0

1 4 3.0 0

76

3 9 .0

1 4 4.0 0

120

3 9 .0

3 9 .0

1 7 3 .5 0

3 9 .0

1 6 1 .0 0

3 9 .5
59

1 8 7.0 0

3 9 .0

1 5 7 .0 0

317

3 9 .0

1 9 o.5 0

179

3 9 .5

612
414

3 9 .5

$
3 9 8.5 0

4 0 .0

4 2 3 .5 0

DRAFTERS

-

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours1
(standard)

We ekl y
earnings1
(standard)

ANO T E C H N I C A L
MEN— C O N T I N U E D

CONTINUED

O R A F T E R S . C L A S S A -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

198

3 9 .0

3 4 5.5 0

81

3 7 .5

3 5 6.5 0

1 .44 7
948

4 0 .0

3 3 8 .0 0

499

4 0 .0

3 3 5 .0 0

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S 8 -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------S E R V I C E S --------------------------------------

812

4 0 .0

2 8 6 .5 0

394

4 0 .0

3 0 3 .0 0

4 0 .0

3 3 7 .0 0

180
134

3 9 .5

4 4 8.0 0

4 0 .0

4 6 3 .5 0

13B

3 8 .0

2 0 7 .0 0

333

3 9 .5

3 8 6.5 0

205

4 0 .0

4 1 4 .0 0

128

3 8 .5

3 4 2 .0 0

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----NONMA NU FACTURING W H O L E S A L E TR ADE

99

3 9 .5

3 4 B .5 0

3 9 .5

2 7 9 .5 0

164

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

2 6 9.0 0

53

4 0 .0

2 8 7.5 0

4 0 .0

2 7 1 .0 0

372

4 0 .0

2 6 8 .0 0

7 37

4 0 .0

2 1 2 .5 0

520

4 0 .0

2 2 4 .0 0

217

4 0 .0

1 8 5 .0 0

179

4 0 .0

1 7 7 .0 0

D R A F T E R - T R A C E R S -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

164

3 9 .5

1 9 1 .0 0

93

4 0 .0

2 1 4 .5 0

71

3 9 .0

1 6 0 .0 0

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------------

866

3 9 .0

2 9 3 .5 0

227

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S C -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------S E R V I C E S --------------------------------------

418

C O M P U T E R P R OG R A M M E R S ( B U S I N E S S ) i
C L A S S A ------------------------------------------

134

3 9 .0

54

3 9 .5

3 3 2.5 0

80

3 8 .5

3 3 5 .0 0

ELECTRONICS T E C H N IC IA N S . CLASS A
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

2 6 8 .0 0

ELECTRONICS T E C H N IC IA N S . CLASS B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------

4 0 .0

3 1 3 .5 0

3 9 .0

3 6 9 .5 0

626

3 9 .0

3 7 4 .5 0

173

4 0 .0

3 5 7 .0 0

112

4 0 .0

3 6 9 .0 0

71

4 0 .0

2 9 6 .0 0

3 3 4.0 0

----------------------------------------

3 5 9 .5 0

158
708

NONMA NU FACTURING

-------------------------

1 8 9.0 0

37

3 8 .0

2 4 6 .5 0

.4 89

3 9 .5

1 8 4 .0 0

613

4 0 .0

C O M P U T E R P R OG R A M M E R S ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L A S S 8 -------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------

184

39 . 5

99

4 0 .0

2 7 9 .0 0

85

3 9 .0

2 5 5.0 0

73

3 9 .5

2 0 7.5 0

62

3 9 .5

2 0 4 . UO

536
229

3 9 .5

2 2 0.0 0

39 . 5

2 2 9 .0 0

307

3 9 .0

2 1 3.0 0

33

3 9 .0

2 9 1.0 0

2 0 9 .0 0

8 76

3 9 .0

1 6 6.5 0

106

3 9 .5

2 3 0 .5 0

184

3 9 .5

1 5 2 .5 0

152

4 0 .0
3 7 .5
3 9 .0

C O M P U T E R P R OG R A M M E R S ( B U S I N E S S ) i
C L A S S C -----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

1 5 8.0 0

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND t e c h n i c a l
O C C U P A T I O N S - WOMEN

1 7 0.5 0

206
226

K E Y E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E -------------------------F I N A N C E ----------------------------------------S E R V I C E S --------------------------------------K E Y E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E -------------------------R E T A I L T R A D E -------------------------------F I N A N C E ----------------------------------------S E R V I C E S ---------------------------------------

20/

1 5 2.5 0

3 9 .0

1 9 5 .5 0

4 0 .0

2 1 2.0 0

3 9 .0

1 8 6.5 0

3 9 .5

387

2 5 8 .0 0

3 9 .0

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------NO NRANUFAC TU RING - PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S
WH OL ES ALE TRADE F I N A N C E ---------------S E R V I C E S --------------

57

4 0 .0

1 9 4 .5 0

108

3 7 .5
3 9 .5

2 0 2.5 0

175

3 9 .0

1 7 6 .0 0

3 8 .5

1 6 2.5 0

895

3 9 .5

4 0 .0
3 9 .0

2 8 1 .5 0

1 7 6.5 0

406

4 0 .0

2 0 7 .5 0

489

3 9 .0

1 5 0 .5 0

3 9 .0

2 0 7 .5 0

COMPUTER O P E R AT O R S .
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----NONMA NU FACTURING -

3 9 .5

1 5 1.0 0

106

3 7 .5

1 4 1 .0 0

134

3 9 .5

1 4 5.0 0

2 4 5 .0 0

272

3 9 .5

3 9 .0

3 3 5 .5 0

134

3 9 .0

2 3 0 .5 0

101

3 9 .0

116

3 9 .5

2 0 5 .0 0

-

156

3 9 .0

2 0 1.5 0

COMPUTER O PE R A T O R S .
NO NM ANUFACT URING -

89

3 9 .0

1 8 9 .0 0

55

3 9 .0

1 8 9 .0 0

3 .1 6 0

4 0 .0

2 8 7.5 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) i
C L A S S B -------------------------------------------

2 2 4 .0 0

75

3 9 .0

2 3 9 .5 0

119

COMPUTER O PE R A T O R S M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---NONM AN UFACTURING

3 9 .0

1 9 5 .0 0
1 9 6 .5 0

56

4 0 .0

63

3 8 .5

1 9 3 .5 0

75

3 9 .5

1 9 4 .5 0

2 0 3 .0 0

NO NM ANUFACT URING

1 3 9 .0 0

3 9 .5

96

COMPU TE R O P E R AT O R S .
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------

74

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) - N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

2 6 1 .5 0

79

1 8 7 .5 0

3 7 .5

COMPUTER S YST E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) --------------------------

2 0 8.5 0

68

O R A F T E R S -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------NONMA NU FACTURING —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S
S E R V I C E S --------------

1 .95 5

2 9 4.5 0

4 0 .0
3 8 .0
4 0 .0

2 7 4.5 0

OPERATORS.

D R A F T E R S -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---NO NM ANUFACT URING

CLASS

B

313

3 9 .5

1 9 0 .0 0

83

4 0 .0

2 0 5 .5 0

230

3 9 .0

1 8 4 .5 0

146

4 0 .0

1 5 9 .0 0

54

4 0 .0

1 7 2 .5 0

222

DRAFTERS. CLASS C
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----

2 8 9.0 0

1*046

C OMPU TE R

4 0 .0

2 6 9 .5 0

195

4 0 .0

2 7 0 .0 0

2 7 5 .5 0

115

10

4 0 .0

1 .20 5

at end o f t a b le s .




Sex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , a nd i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

PROFESSIONAL
OCCUPATIONS -

391

1 4 2.0 0

3 9 .5

5 94

S ee fo o tn o te s

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

1 4 1 .0 0

196

m a n u f a c t u r in g

K EY

Weekly
hours
(standard)

1 5 4.5 0

M A C H I N E B I L L E R S -----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------

P A Y R O L L C L E R K S -------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------

Number
of
workers

2 4 8 .5 0

77
266

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
C L A S S B --------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------

B I L L I N G - M A C H I N E B I L L E R S ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------

Se x, 3 o c c u p a t io n , and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

P R O F E S S I O N A L ANO T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN

CONTINUED

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S . C L A S S B ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------NONMA NUF A C T U R I N G ---------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E -------------------------R E T A I L T R A D E -------------------------------F I N A N C E ----------------------------------------S E R V I C E S ---------------------------------------

A v era ge
(m ean*)

Average
(mean2)

Av era ge
( m e a n 2)

M AN UFA CTU RING

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1978
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly earn ing s o f—

Hourly earnings

$

Mean 2

Medi an2

Middle range 2

5 .0 0

%

s

$

*

s

s

s

s

s

i

$

$

$

S

$

$

$

i

5 .2 0

5 .9 0

5 .6 0

5

80

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

b .9 0

6 .6 0

6 .8 0

7 .0 0

7 .2 0

7 .9 0

7 .6 0

7 .8 0

8 .0 0

8 .2 0

8 .9 0

8 .80

9 .2 0

9 .6 0 1 0 .0 0

5 .9 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6

00

6 .2 0

6 .9 0

b.6 0

6 .8 0

7 .0 0

7 .2 0

7 .9 0

7 .6 0

7 .8 0

8 .0 0

8 .2 0

8 .8 0

9 .2 0

9 .6 0 1 0 .0 0

4

8

9

17

16

20

31

55

19

32

121

8

11

52

8
~

3
6

17

9

3

26

32

7

110

39

52

7

17

5

23

7

11

6

20

8
-

10

~

32
-

6
-

59

4

1

Under

s

5 .0 0

O c c u p a tio n a nd i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

16

4

22

“

3

-

17

-

-

-

95

59
59

89

95

5

17

s

and
under
C
O

o

5 .2 0

over

ALL WORKERS
MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------MAINTENANCE E L E C T R IC I A N S ----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------MAINTENANCE P A IN T E R S --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------MAINTENANCE M A C H IN IS T S ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (M A C H IN E R Y ) MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR V E H IC L E S ) ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------

517

$
7 .8 7

$
8 .0 5

$
7 .3 2 -

9

32

1

392

7 .9 0

8 .0 5

7 .3 2 -

$
8 .91
8 .91

-

125

7 .7 9

7 .5 3

7 .0 9 -

8 .9 5

9

32
~

1

63

7 .6 8

7 .5 3

7 .0 9 -

8 .9 5

-

-

-

4

40

4

33

2
-

1

~

-

-

7

2

8 .9 9

”

“

“

~

“

6 .7 5 -

8 .07

_

-

3

2

5

13

6 .9 8 6 .15-*

7 .82
6 .4 0

2

3
2

6
7

69

6

9

56

32

69

6

-

~

56

31

“

"

9

“

1

10

98

52

83

93

10

98

52

83

167
166

“

“

“

1 ,7 6 1

8 .0 7

8 .31

7 .1 6 -

8 .78

1 ,5 7 0

8 .0 6

8 .31

7 .1 0 -

8 .87

13
12

191

8 .1 1

7 .8 6

7 .6 3 -

8 .7 3

128

8 .0 1

7 .8 6

7 .6 3 -

237

7 .9 7

7 .6 5

179
58

7 .5 6
7 .1 9

7 .7 6
7 .2 5

-

_

8 .7 0

9 .0 6

8 .3 1 -

9 .9 8

1 ,79 3

8 .7 6

9 .0 6

8 .3 1 -

9 .4 8

102

7 .6 5

7 .6 3

7 .6 3 -.

7 .6 5

7 .9 5

7 .9 8

7 .1 0 -

8 .77

_

“

2
1

-

-

-

“

2 ,2 7 3

~

8

1 ,89 5

8
-

“
-

4

-

2 ,17 1

7 .9 6

7 .9 9

7 .1 0 -

8 .7 7

-

102

7 .8 1

7 .7 9

7 .7 9 -.

7 .86

“

4

29

_
-

6 .67

-

-

8 .0 7 -

8 .67

8 .0 5

7 .5 2 -

8 .7 2

-

8 .07

7 .6 0 -

8 .7 2

~

8 .5 5

7 .9 9 -

8 .7 1

8 .2 1

8 .1 6

8 .0 9 -

8 .8 5

339

8 .1 9

8 .6 9

7 .50 -,

301

8 .3 1

8 .6 6

MAINTENANCE P I P E F I T T E R S -------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

1 ,01 9
968

8 .0 3
8 .0 6

MAINTENANCE SH E E T -M E T A L WORKERS -----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

166

7 .2 6

6 .9 0

6 .6 9 -

7 .5 7

-

136

7 .1 8

6 .8 6

6 .5 2 -

7 .9 3

7 .9 1

7 .2 5

6 .9 8 -

7 .7 2

3

1

1 ,1 2 7

7 .2 5

7 .0 2 -

7 .90

~

-

123

7 .5 3
6 .2 9

6 .3 8

6 .1 7 -

6 .5 5

3

1

112

6 .3 7

6 .9 6

6 .1 7 -

6 .5 5

M ACHINE-T OO L OPERATORS (TOOLROOM) MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------TOOL AND D I E MAKERS -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------ST AT IO N AR Y EN GIN EERS --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------S E R V IC E S -------------------------------------------------B O IL E R TENDERS -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

S e e fo o tn o te s

20

_

20

52

102

105

49

90

102

46

75

59

172
168

299

93

53
27

68

52

256

196
195

-

-

9

12

3

3

59

26

9

4

38

1

-

~

“

~

1

3

3

50

29

8

4

35

-

-

11

9

11

39

5

7

9

19

95

6

6

16

28

11

39

2

6

i

6

6

28

~

3

11
3

95

"

1
6

-

2

8
1

-

_

9
2

-

5

-

10

-

3

-

2

4

33

39

49

90

52

157

903

673

8o

22

33

39

48

17

50

5
9

120

9

113

150

902

673

86

22

“

“

~

i

73

2

1

7

7

1

-

-

-

5

232

68

89

133

216

179

62

379

135

195

100

78

5

220

62

82

85

207

160

62

379

135

195

100

79

12

6

2

48

9

19

~

“

”

“

-

4

5

19

155
129

1

212

38

98

33

32

14

35

168

3

98
~

15

26

1
-

44

-

165

3

44

214

44

219

31
30

1

10

5
5

29
5

-

6

“

_

-

-

3

”

1

2
1

9

2

37
36

26

58

6

-

4

■*

4
4

-

~

-

10

5

8

19

9
3

30

-

92
1

3

129

4

7

6

29

15

22

7

-

12

4

12

-

6

12

11

10

5

6

10

8

10

5

i
45
39

-

20

-

6

387

7 .6 1

7 .9 2

6 .8 2 -

8 .2 9

387

7 .6 1

7 .92

6 .8 2 -

8 .2 9

625

8 .0 2

7 .7 7

7 .0 9 -

9 .9 6

-

-

625

8 .0 2

7 .7 7

7 .0 9 -

9 .96

*

35

32

38

56

89

29

31

35

37

83

11

35

12

11

16

10

-

11

31

8

11

15

-

57

212

126

209

99

165

35

98

38

68

39

10

16

55

212

126

209

49

165

35

98

38

68

39

10

16

-

8 .0 1

8 .1 7

7 .3 8 -

8 .7 9

2

-

237

8 .1 6

8 .2 7

7 .2 8 -

8 .9 2

2
~

259

7 .6 7

7 .9 5

7 .3 8 -.

8 .3 2

2

2

-

71

7 .2 0

7 .71

6 .8 9 -

7 .9 5

2

239

7 .0 0

6 .81

6 .7 0 -

7 .6 2

-

7 .0 1

6 .81

6 .7 0 -

7 .6 2

-

30

22

58

18

58

1

“

59

16

59

-

-

-

57

10

67

36

9

50

18

2

57

10

67

36

9

50

18

6

10

3

6

_

4

2

10

"

6

-

4

2

2

_
-

~

-

-

-

42
92

13

8

11

8
-

9

3

-

2

10

“

2

-

12
12

11

-

44

39

6

26

18

4

44

39

6

26

18

4

-

95

-

130

30

38

28

-

57

52

2

13

163

15

10

95

“

130

30

38

28

“

57

52

2

13

163

15

10

4

1

9

29

67

28

9

57

12

79

89

25

29

8

4

-

4

12

12

26

-

20

3

17

38

-

1

5

12

55

2

9

37

9

62

51

25
-

29

-

-

-

1

5

12

~

7

30

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_

_

-

-

-

10

-

-

“

“

-

-

-

17

36

2

30

2

226

36

-

5
4

-

496

28

27

1

2

6

-

4
28

18

27

200
199

72

18

97

“

-

3

97

-

at en d o f t a b le s .




52

99

“
32

12

99

-

32

12

88

6

-

1 ,2 5 0

_
-

1

88

"

24

8 .2 0

361

_

-

-

29

695

MAINTENANCE TRADES H EL PERS ------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S ------------------ -----------

-

8

8

22

64

28

17

9

12

30

29

8

8

22

56

28

17

9

12

30

29

8

_

8

16

8

16

_

-

_
-

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1978
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n in g s o f ----

Hourly earnings *

s

Mean2

Me di an2

Mi ddle range 2

$

%

S

s

s

s

s

S

1

i

S

s

%

$

%

*

%

s

s

s

s

i

2 .6 0

O c c u p a tio n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

2 .8 0

3 .00

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

A .20

4 .4 0

4 .80

5 .2 0

5 .6 0

6 .0 0

6 .4 0

6 .8 0

7 .2 0

7 .6 0

8 .0 0

8 .4 0

8 .8 0

9 .2 0

9 .6 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .80

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .40

4 .8 0

5 .2 0

5 .6 0

6 .0 0

6 .4 0

6 .8 0

7 .2 0

7 .6 0

8 .0 0

8 .4 0

8 .8 0

9 .2 0

9 .6 0

over

4
-

11
-

65

4

11

65

under
2 .80

ALL WORKERS
T KUCKG R I V E R S ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------R E T A IL TRADE -------------------------S E R V IC E S -----------------------------------T k U C KD R IV ER S* L IG H T TRUCK MANUFACTURING ---------------------------n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g :
S E R V IC E S ----------------------------------T R U C K D RIVERS. HEOIUM TRUCK
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----- *--------------------NONMANUFACTURI n G --------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------R E T A IL TRADE -------------------------TRU C K D RIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK
( T R A I L E R ) -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------P U B LIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------T RU C K D RIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK
(OTHER THAN T R A I L E R ) -----------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------S H IP P IN G C L E R K S ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------R E C E IV IN G CLERKS ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------R E T A IL TRAOE -------------------------S H IP P IN G AND R E C E IV IN G CLERKS
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------WAREHOUSEMEN -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------R E T A IL TRADE -------------------------

S e e fo o tn o te s

3 • 458

$
7 .5 6

$
7 .8 0

$
6 .7 0 -

$
8 .51

1 .0 1 6

7 .9 2

7 .8 5

6 .9 6 -

9 .3 4

-

1
~

-

-

-

1

2 .4 4 2

7 .4 1

7 .8 0

6 .4 0 -

8 .51

1 .2 5 9

8 .3 7

8 .5 1

8 .5 1 -

6 .6 7

6 .8 5

6 .4 0 -

6 .4 4

6 .1 6

6 .1 6 -

7 .80

172

5 .5 8

5 .9 0

3 .9 8 -

7 .00

“

”

579

7 .4 0

8 .61

6 .7 4 -

8 .6 1

-

-

50

6 .1 2

6 .3 8

6 .3 8 -

6 .7 5

125

5 .2 2

3 .98

3 .9 8 -

7 .0 0

-

-

1

-

933

6 .7 7

6 .4 0

6 .1 6 -

7 .4 0

-

-

_

-

-

288

6 .9 8

7 .2 0

6 .1 9 -

7 .7 0

-

-

645

6 .6 8

6 .4 0

5 .9 6 -.

7 .40

286

6 .6 9

6 .4 0

6 .4 0 -

5 .6 8

6 .1 6

4 .8 5 -

6 .1 6

114

127

247

282

466

233

181

112

1160

380

2

1

11

-

129

71

75

150

61

56

52

380

2

-

22

1

21

103

127

118

1108

669

7 .7 5

8 .51

6 .9 6 -

7 .4 6

7 .0 3

7 .0 3 -

709

7 .8 2

8 .5 1

6 . 9 6->

8 .5 1

8 .4 6

8 .5 1

8 .5 1 -

6 .6 6

6 .8 5

5 .3 3 -

8 .14

231

7 .1 8

7 .8 0

6 .7 0 -

185

7 .1 4

7 .8 0

6 .3 8 -

22

24

56
-

47

170

2 36

52

21

52
~

8

62

86

4

-

69

9

-

-

“

-

-

-

”

-

9

16

-

26

19

52

37

“

”

“

“

19

d

3

4

-

1

-

-

-

42

9

-

12

8

126

167

171

107

8

126
•*

-

64

-

16

“

“

“

12

-

64

-

-

1

”

~

-

1

Id
4

-

“

~

-

1

1

~

-

18
-

13
12
1

12

18

1

■*
18

2

-

“

~

7 .8 0

_

_

_

7 .80

-

68

6 .4 8

6 .3 8

6 .1 5 -

5 .7 7

5 .7 2

5 .1 0 -

6 .3 0

224

5 .8 1

5 .51

5 .1 0 -

~

_

11

_

11

“

_

~

_

_

-

1

75

5 .6 6

5 .9 0

5 .65 -.

6 .1 0

5 .7 0

5 .9 0

5 .7 2 -

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

5 .5 0

5 .7 2

4 .9 8 -

6 .2 5

123

6 .1 7

6 .1 6

5 .7 2 -

6 .8 3

-

-

5 .7 5

6

9

-

-

_
“

25

_

5 .0 0

4 .9 8

4 .2 0 -

6

9

5 .7 5
4 .9 8

5 .5 4 -

5 .9 0

-

-

3 .6 3 -

4 .9 8

6

9

124

6 .2 0

6 .3 4

i

_

_

6 .1 5

6 .3 4

6 .8 5
6 .8 2

-

74

5 .7 5 5 .6 1 -

50

6 .2 6

6 .5 2

5 .75 -.

6 .8 5

-

i

-

-

_

_

_

-

1

13

_

-

1

9

•
1

_

6

127

-

44

2

42

“

24

4

4

140

84

50

-

~
‘

"

59

149

7

35
24

57
92

3
4

3
8

17

2

6

“

63

40

26
24

20

36

_

“

-

i i

106

448

54
-

6

52

6

9

102
88

_

22

2

6 .3 0

6 .1 0

5 .8 4 -

6 .3 5

164

6 .1 8

5 .8 4

5 .8 4 -

6 .0 8

640

6 .3 3
6 .4 9

6 .1 0

5 .9 7 -.

448

6 .1 0

5 .9 7 -

6 .7 5

-

164

5 .7 0

5 .8 1

5 .2 7 -

6 .2 8

8

_

-

-

-

7
7

5
5

7

12

5

“

-

_

-

18

24

8

”

~

“

~

35

45

54

22

2

25

1

4

9

9

53

33

15

29

22

2

24

1

4

8

30
26

25

1

“

”

~

1

~

-

2

5

2

2

”

“

25

~

41

32

45

46

23

10

20

2

3

15

3

36

22

10

19

7

38

17

42

12

1

8
9

34

12

38

7

“

~
1

“

~

~

5

14

3

26

15

17

23

16

2

20

15

9

15

17

14

1

2

1

1

6

27

11

19

324

210

105

~

2

38

27

12

25

8

20

6

-

-

“
“
“

1

“
“
“

1

i

1

~

”
-

-

“
43

-

~
-

"

-

-

i
54

3

~
-

10

27

11

7

219

190

38

19

6

22

54

-

5

“

172

138

25

7

6

21

36

5

7

47

52

5

12

27

1
1

1

“
-

1

2

7

12

2

2

_

2
2

436

2

-

442

-

_

6

52

58

5

1

~

4

8

_

-

85

11

~
-

-

68

59

8

-

-

15

~

50

7

13

-

-

109

-

13

804

6 .44

-

“

25

-

64
92

9
9

5 .6 1
4 .5 1

161

24
24

6 .1 0

284

9

~

-

3

36

6 .4 2

63

-

”

104

-

79

“

-

-

26

"

6 .7 0

299

"

-

”

335

143

3

-

“
“

“

79

-

-

67

"

-

9

59

12

79
-

~

100

-

18

1

1099

8

<
4
“

-

64

-

“

15

8

1
~

”

87

1

~

8 .6 1

216

120

86

7
11

4

1

8 .2 2

456

83

20

21 1

12

*

-

8 .5 1

160

391

7

1

at end o f ta b le s .




22

16

6 .8 5

95

17

12

6 .9 4

2 33

34

0 .6 1

6 68

~

33
33

“

“
“

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1978— Continued
Hourly earnings *

Num ber

of w o rk ers

rec e iv in g

s tra ig h t-tim e

h o u rly

ea rn in g s

of—

s

O c c u p a tio n a nd i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

of
workers

Medi an2

Middle range 2

S

S

S

s

s

*

s

S

S

$

$

i

$

£

$

£

$

s

£

s

s

2 .6 0
Mean 2

$
2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .40

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .8 0

5 .2 0

5 .6 0

6 .0 0

6 .4 0

6 .8 0

7 .2 0

7 .6 0

8 .0 0

8 .40

8 .8 0

9 .2 0

9 .6 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .8 0

5 .2 0

5 .6 0

6 .0 0

6 .4 0

6 .8 0

7 .2 0

7 .6 0

8 .0 0

8 . 40

8 .8 0

9 .2 0

9 .6G

over

4

56

100

94

24

2

4

56

-

64

14

2
-

and
under
2 .8 0

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
ORDER F I L L E R S -------------------------------------------------NONMANUF A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------------S H IP P I N G PACKERS ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------M A T ER IA L HANDLING LABORERS -----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------R E T A I L TRADE ---------------------------------------F O R K L IF T OPERATORS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------------

497

$
5 .0 8

$
4 .6 5

$
4 .2 4 -

344

5 .3 2

5 .57

4 .4 8 -

$
5 .75
6 .02

201

6 .0 1

6 .0 2

5 .5 7 -

6 .6 2

5 20

5 .3 8

5 .5 7

4 .6 1 -

6 .0 2

424

5 .3 8

5 .5 7

4 .6 1 -

6 .0 2

-

4
4

_

_

-

1

-

-

_

91

-

-

-

-

31

39

6 6

72

24

39

6b

1

24

39

6 6

”

-

1

-

-

-

-

“

“

"

”

“

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

61

1

109

92

58

52

37

6

-

-

27

12

-

91

74
72

-

-

101

92

34

36

37

6

-

-

16

96

5 .3 7

5 .2 0

4 . 7 0-»

6 .1 0

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

34

1

8

-*

24

2 .1 9 0

5 .8 9

4 .8 4 -

7 .11

15
-

33
-

76
-

282

228

77

142

33

22

248

44

28

4

60

25

52

277

77

265
220

205

-

12
-

112

7 .3 5

12
-

120

5 .3 4 -

66
-

157

6 .3 7

9
-

_

1 t 296

6 .0 6
6 .4 9

18 1

50

135

33

22

88

44

28

4

894

5 .4 4

4 .8 2

4 .2 0 -

6 .2 0

9

-

66

12

12

15

33

76

97

95

60

5

151

45

24

27

7

-

-

160

-

-

1

43

2

3

27

7

-

~

160

65

“

“

243

7 .7 5

8 .4 4

6 .8 1 -

8 .5 9

511

4 .6 0

4 .45

4 .0 9 -

4 .8 2

9

~

12

3

1

12

33

76

97

95

60

3

95

15

1 .91 6

6 .4 1

6 .3 9

5 .6 0 -

7 .3 1

_

-

-

-

_

65

-

_

-

47

284

82

250

322

142

175

299

93

48

6

30

1 .796

6 .3 5

6 .3 3

5 .3 4 -

7 .31

-

-

-

~

-

278

82

230

322

105

175

297

93

48

10

8

6

30

-

-

-

-

63
-

47

-

-»

-

6

20

-

37

-

2

-

55

-

-

55

~

-

120

7 .3 2

6 .7 2

6 .52 -.

8 .5 6

55

8 .5 5

8 .5 6

8 .5 6 -

6 .2 8

6 .5 2

5 .7 5 -

-

-

6 .5 6

65

-

6 .7 2

6

“

20

37

8

“

2
"

'

POWER-TRUCK OPERATORS (OTHER
THAN F O R K L I F T ) --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

7 6u

7 .5 6

8 .1 4

6 .8 2 -

8 .14

43

32

23

84

3

43

57

30

371

10

6

24

34

749

7 .5 7

8 .1 4

6 .9 8 -

8 .14

43

32

23

84

3

32

57

30

371

10

6

24

34

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------F IN A N C E ---------------------------------------------------S E R V IC E S --------------------------------------------------

-

-

163

5 .15

I9 6 0

3 .3 9 3

3 .8 7

2 .7 2

2 .6 5 -

854

6 .5 3

6 .9 8

5 .9 8 -

7 .2 4

8

2 .5 3 9

2 .9 7

2 .7 0

2 .65 -.

2 .7 2

1952

4 .6 8

4 .9 8

4 .9 8 -

5 .0 7

6

50
-

145

-

1 3

20

165

124

34

82

62

195

312

26

2

-

-

8

22
-

36

4

4

-

8

16

30

122

22

45

54

195

312

26

-

-

-

-

-

50
-

141
-

137
24

22
-

32
-

-

5

4

135

2

12

37

8

-

“

2

~

-

-

-

50

141

145

-

-

i

132

“

1

i

2

1

10

37

5

~

-

-

-

21

110

10

45

50

195

“

2 .3 2 7

2 .8 3

2 .70

2 .6 5 -

2 .7 2

775

6 .7 2

7 .1 3

6 .5 2 -

7 .24

79

4 .6 6

4 .69

4 .2 9 -

5 .4 3

8

-

4

2

-

4

-

-

8

16

9

12

12

-

4

-

-

6 t 551

4 .1 0

3 .7 5

2 .6 5 -

5 .0 0

2113

278

128

363

433

43

57 0

243

436

243

95

677

123

32

5 .6 9

5 .9 8

4 .9 5 -

6 .54

34

15

9

83

34

9

52
-

55 1

1 .811

158
-

52

170

105

289

147

63

643

121

31

-

4 .7 4 0

3 .4 9

3 .0 0

2 .6 5 -

4 .3 7

2079
-

263

158
-

119
~

280

399

34
-

52
-

499

400

138

147

96

32

34

2

-

2

20

26

101

73

13

34

2

1
-

6
-

7
-

“

-

10

-

-

-

22

1

16

2

19

5

-

-

-

1

-

-

32

15

56

270

12

4

3

9

2

1

i

21
1

21

48 1
12

348

62

1

7

46

25

1946

i n

22

“
"

'

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

-

7

-

-

7

-

guards:

MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

watchmen:
m a n u fa c tu r in g

-------------------------------------------

J A N IT O R S . PO R TERS* AND CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------------R E T A I L TRADE ---------------------------------------F IN A N C E ---------------------------------------------------S E R V IC E S --------------------------------------------------

See f o o t n o t e s

-

-

5 .6 1

5 .47

5 .2 6 -

5 .85

76

4 .5 4

4 .4 3

4 .0 9 -

5 .33

-

541

3 .4 3

3 .7 5

2 .9 5 -

3 .75

106

30

1 .1 4 1
2 .70 4

4 .2 7

4 .3 7

4 .2 9 -

4 .7 4

98

2 .9 3

2 .6 5

2 .6 5 -

2 .90

1875

10
223

278

-

5

in

6

-

-

4

17

73

100

207

56

at end o f t a b l e s .




-

13

-

5

17

19

312

26

-

-

-

-

-

Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material moyement
and custodial workers, by sex, in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1978
o c c u p a tio n , and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Se x,

Number
of
workers

A ve ra ge
(mea n2 )
hourly
earnings4

MAINTENANCE E L E C T R IC I A N S ----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------MAINTENANCE P A IN T E R S --------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------MAINTENANCE M A C H IN IS T S ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (M AC H IN ER Y) MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR V E H IC L E S ) ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

517

$
7 .8 7

392

7 .9 0

125

7 .7 9

63

7 .6 8

1 .76 1

8 .0 7

1 .5 7 0

8 .0 6

191

8 .1 1

126

8 .0 1

237

7 .4 7

179

7 .5 6
7 .1 9

58
1 .8 9 5

8 .7 0

1 .79 3

8 .7 6

102

7 .6 5

2 .2 7 3

7 .9 5

2 .17 1

7 .9 6

102

7 .8 1

695

8 .2 0

361
339

8 .2 1
8 .1 9

301

8 .3 1

MAINTENANCE p i p e f i t t e r s -------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

1 .01 4
968

8 .0 3
8 .0 6

MAINTENANCE s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s -----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

168

7 .2 6

136

7 .1 8

MAINTENANCE t r a d e s h e l p e r s -----------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------N ON rlAN U FA C TU R IN G ----------------------------------PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

1 .2 4 9

7 .4 1

1 .1 2 7

7 .5 3

122

6 .3 1

112

6 .3 7

M ACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS (TOOLROOM) MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

387
387

7 .6 1
7 .6 1

TOOL AND D IE MAKERS ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

625

8 .0 2

625

8 .0 2

493

8 .0 1

S TATIO N AR Y EN GINEERS --------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------S E R V IC E S ------------------------------------------------B O IL ER TENDERS ----------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------------------ .

o c c u p a t io n , and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

237

8 .1 6

256

7 .8 7

71

7 .2 0

234

7 .0 0

226

7 .0 1

T RUCKDRIVERS -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------R E T A I L TRADE -----------------------------------S E R V IC E S ---------------------------------------------TRU C K D RIVERS* L IG H T TRUCK:
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g :
S E R V IC E S ---------------------------------------------T R U C K D R IV E R S . MEDIUM TRUCK ---------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------R E T A I L TRAOE -----------------------------------T R U C K D R IV E R S . HEAVY TRUCK
( T R A I L E R ) -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------TR U C K D R IVER S. HEAVY TRUCK
(OTHER THAN T R A I L E R ) ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE ----------------------------S H IP P I N G CLERKS ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------R E C E IV IN G CLERKS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------R E T A I L TRADE -----------------------------------S H IP P I N G AND R E C E IV IN G CLERKS ------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------WAREHOUSEMEN -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------R E T A I L TRADE -----------------------------------ORDER F I L L E R S --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------

S e e fo o tn o te s at en d o f ta b le s .




Number
of
woxkers

Average
( mea n2 )
hourly
earnings4

M A T ER IA L MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIA L
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

HA I NT E n ANCE * TOOLROOM » AND
POUERPLA NT OCCUPATIONS - MEN
MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------P U B LIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

Se x,

14

S e x, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
worker.

Av era ge
( m ea n2 )
hourly
earnings

M ATERIA L MOVEMENT AND C USTOOIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED
3 .40 7

$
7 .6 1

1 .01 6

7 .9 2

2 .3 9 1

7 .4 8

1 .25 6

8 .3 7

668

6 .6 7

233

6 .4 4

124

6 .2 0

50

6 .1 2

77

6 .0 0

9 33
288

6 .7 7
6 .9 8

645

6 .6 8

286

6 .6 9

95

5 .6 8

869

7 .7 5

160

7 .4 6

709

7 .8 2

458

8 .4 6

216

7 .1 4

F O R K L IF T OPERATORS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE --------------------------------POWER-TRUCK OPERATORS (OTHER
THAN F O R K L IF T ) --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------FIN ANC E ---------------------------------------------------S E R V IC E S --------------------------------------------------

7 .1 8

185

M ATERIA L HANDLING LABORERS ------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------R E T A IL TRADE ----------------------------------------

362

$
5 .7 1

307

5 .6 5

2 .0 8 2

6 .1 3

1 .2 6 3

6 .5 1

819

5 .5 5

2 38

7 .7 9

441

4 .6 7

1 .9 0 4

6 .4 2

1 .7 8 4

6 .3 6

120

7 .3 2

55

8 .5 5

65

6 .2 8

760

7 .5 6

749

7 .5 7

3 .18 7

3 .9 0

6 .6 6

231

S H IP P IN G PACKERS ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

guards:
m a n u fa c tu r in g
68

6 .4 8

284

5 .8 2

209

5 .8 8

75

5 .6 6

63

5 .7 0

258

5 .5 8

IOC

6 .4 5

158
64

5 .0 3
5 .6 1

89

4 .5 6

123
74

6 .2 0

802

6 .3 0

6 .1 5

164

6 .1 8

6 38

6 .3 4

448

6 .4 9

1 62

5 .7 2

347

5 .4 1

32 2

5 .4 0

201

6 .0 1

------------------------------------------

watchmen:
m a n u fa c tu r in g

-------------------------------------------

J A N IT O R S . PO R TERS. AND CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------------R E T A IL TRADE ---------------------------------------FIN ANCE ---------------------------------------------------S E R V IC E S --------------------------------------------------

832

6 .5 3

2 .3 5 5

2 .9 7

152

4 .6 5

2 .1 5 8

2 .8 3

756

6 .7 2

76

4 .6 1

4 .2 6 3

4 .4 2

1 .52 3

5 .8 8

2 .7 4 0

3 .6 1

175

5 .8 7

69
4 38

4 .5 6
3 .4 9

5 30

4 .4 1

1 .52 8

3 .0 7

S H IP P IN G PACKERS -------------------------------------------

158

4 .6 3

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

20b

3 .3 6

184

2 .9 6

M ATER IA L MOVEMENT AND C U STOD IA L
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

J A N IT O R S . PO R TERS. AND CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------R E T A IL TRADE ---------------------------------------FIN ANCE ---------------------------------------------------S E R V IC E S --------------------------------------------------

2 .2 8 8

3 .5 0

288

4 .6 9

2 .0 0 0

3 .3 2

103

3 .2 0

611

4 .1 4

1 .176

2 .7 4




Table A-7.

Percent increases in average hourly earnings, adjusted

for employment shifts, for selected occupational groups
in Pittsburgh, Pa., for selected periods
I n d u s t r y and o cc u p a t io n a l group 5

A l l industries:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ______________________________ ___________
E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g . _____________ ___________
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s _________________________________________
S k i l l e d m a in t e n a n c e t r a d e s _____________________________
U n s k i l l e d plant w o r k e r s _______________________________
M anufacturing:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ____________________________________________
F l l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s _________________________________________
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s _____________________________
U n s k i l l e d plant w o r k e r s
N o n m a n u fa c t u r i n g :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ____________________________________________
E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g . _________ _______________
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s _____________ __________________________
U n s k i l l e d plant w o r k e r s _________________________________

J a n u a ry 1972
to
J a n u a r y 1973

Ja n u a ry 1973
to
J a n u a ry 1974

6.7

5.9

( 6)
7.3
6.3
6.8

( 6)
6.9
7.5
7.2

6.9

5.8

( 6)
7.4
5.9
6.0

( 6)
6.9
7.6
7.9

6.3

6.0

( 6)
( 6)
8.3

( 6)
( 6)
6.2

See f o o tn o t e s a t end o f ta b le s .

15

J a n u a ry 1974
to
J a n u a r y 1975

J a n u a ry 1975
to
Ja n u a ry 1976

J an ua ry 1976
to
Ja n u ar y 1977

Ja n ua ry 1977
to
Ja nua ry 1978

11.1
11.3
13.1
13.7
11.3

9-7
6.7
9.5
9.3
9.2

8.0
8.4
8.7
8.0
8.1

7.7
7.8
10.2
11.2
9.7

12.7
12.0
13.5
14.4
14.5

10.0
5.7
9.6
9.4
10.3

8.5
10.4
8.5
8.0
8.8

8.4
7.9
10.2
11.6
11.1

9.3
10.1

9.4
8.3

7.5
6.0

7.0
7.6

( 6)
6.6

( 6)
7.9

( 6)
7.4

( 6)
8.6

Table A-8. Weekly earnings of office workers—large establishments in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1978
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g stra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly earnings of—

O c c u p a tio n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

of
workers

$

Av era ge
weekl y
Mean2

Medi an 2

Middle range 2

s

$
100

$

S

S

%

s

$

$

*

$

s

%

s

S

%

s

$

S

$

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

120

130

140

150

160

17 0

180

190

200

210

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

85

123

4
-

and
under
110

ALL WORKERS
SEC R ETA R IES ---------------------------M AN UFA CTU RING

------------

NONMANUFACTURING --------PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S - R E T A IL TRAOE ------------FIN ANCE ------------------------S E R V IC E S -----------------------

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS A MANUFACTURING --------------S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS B MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING --------PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S - S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS C MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING --------PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S - FIN ANC E ------------------------S E R V IC E S ----------------------S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS D MANUFACTURING --------------NONMANUFACTURING --------PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S —
FINANCE ------------------------S E R V IC E S -----------------------STENOGRAPHERS ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING --------PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S —
FINANCE -------------------------STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL
MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING --------PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S —
STENOGRAPHERS. SENIOR
NONMANUFACTURING --------T Y P IS T S -------------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S —
FIN ANCE -------------------------T Y P I S T S . CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S —

S ee fo o tn o te s

3 .16 1

3 9 .0

$
2 3 1 .5 0

$
2 2 8.0 0

$
$
1 9 6 .5 0 -2 6 3 .0 0

-

5

18

1 .74 1

3 9 .5

2 3 9 .0 0

2 3 2.5 0

2 0 3 .0 0 -2 7 6 *0 0

-

3 9 .0

2 2 2 .5 0

2 2 4.5 0

1 8 5 .0 0 -2 4 6 .5 0

-

5
-

12

1 .42 0

-

235

3 9 .0

2 6 3 .0 0

2 6 4.0 0

2 2 5 .5 0 -3 0 1 .0 0

-

162

4 0 .0

1 8 2 .5 0

1 7 6 .0 0

1 5 4 .5 0 -2 0 2 .5 0

49

182

155

235

219

234

580

431

255

291

165

78

29

9

15

26

44

73

66

145

122

143

298

227

145

231

1 26

45

16

2

14
-

34

59
~

79

89

90

97

91

282

204

110

60

39

33

13

7

4

7

109
11

7

14

1 1

5

23

32

34

30

18

2

14

32

19

14

19

11

11

13

10

3

3

4

1

22
-

12

6

-

14
-

6

5
-

4
-

1

3 7 .5

2 0 1 .0 0

1 9 6 .5 0

1 7 6 .0 0 -2 2 4 .5 0

-

4 0 .0

2 3 2 .0 0

2 2 8.5 0

2 2 2 .0 0 -2 4 6 .5 0

-

101

3 9 .0

2 9 3 .5 0

3 1 2.0 0

2 5 1 .5 0 -3 3 3 *0 0

-

-

63

3 9 .0

3 0 2 .0 0

3 1 8.5 0

2 9 3 .5 0 -3 3 4 .0 0

-

3 9 .5

2 6 6 .0 0

2 7 2 .0 0

2 3 8 .0 0 -3 0 2 .5 0

-

-

3 9 .5

2 7 1 .5 0

2 7 5.0 0

2 4 5 .5 0 -3 0 6 .5 0

-

~

54

54

33

63

36

19

6

2

-

-

-

-

4

9

15

36

173

126

50

18

8

7

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

4

i

1

6

3

9

4

4

11

21

20

9

5

3

“

1

6

2

2

3

16

20

7

2

-

-

_

4
-

3 9 .0

2 5 7 .5 0

2 6 7.0 0

2 2 1 .0 0 -2 9 0 .5 0

55

3 9 .0

2 9 7 .0 0

3 0 9 .5 0

-

3 9 .5

2 3 2 .5 0

2 3 4.0 0

2 0 6 .0 0 -2 5 7 .5 0

-

691

3 9 .5

2 3 3 .5 0

2 3 2 .5 0

2 0 8 .0 0 -2 5 7 .5 0

-

500

3 9 .0

2 3 0 .5 0

2 3 9.0 0

2 0 2 .0 0 -2 5 2 .0 0

-

-

112

3 8 .5

2 6 5 .0 0

2 6 6.0 0

2 3 9 .0 0 -2 8 8 .0 0

-

-

4

5

4
-

4

20

101

35

14

53

48

83
66

91

7

5b
39

77

i

10
9

14

1

7

73

18

11
4

4
-

1
-

22

3

1

7

6

17

24

53

17

18

17

7

4

1

2

6

4

4

6

8

13

7

2

1

98

21 1

288

106

94

28

_

_

2 5 7 .0 0 -3 3 4 .5 0

1 .19 1

5

-

23

2

209

-

1 1
6

21
10

23
-

14

50

47

80

96

16

8

4

27

27

53

62

73

13b

1 37

71

66

14

2

4

-

-

-

U

10
-

23
-

20
-

27

34

25

35

28

14

14

4

-

-

10

9

2

75
9

151

-

23
-

12

26

1

24

20

46

17

2

8
-

4
-

-

-

9
~

-

-

23
~

-

-

1

1 1

113

5

5

5

6

-

~
-

138

3 7 .5

2 1 7 .0 0

2 1 8 .0 0

2 0 2 .0 0 -2 3 1 .5 0

-

158

4 0 .0

2 4 7 .5 0

2 4 6 .5 0

2 4 6 .0 0 -2 4 9 .0 0

-

1 .1 8 3

3 9 .0

2 0 5 .0 0

2 0 4.0 0

1 7 9 .5 0 -2 2 6 *0 0

-

5

7

541

3 9 .5

2 0 7 .5 0

2 0 2.5 0

1 8 4 .0 0 -2 3 1 .5 0

-

5

7
-

7

-

5

14

23
5

57
22

2

11

15

-

1

10

~

1

101

103

97

136

95

109

303

61

37

19

13

3

_

40

41

38

83

51

56

117

34

18

12

11

1

-

59

53

44

53

2

-

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

642

3 9 .0

2 0 2 .5 0

2 0 5 .0 0

1 7 6 .0 0 -2 2 6 .0 0

-

62

186

27

19

2 1 2 .0 0

1 9 3 .5 0

1 7 9 .5 0 -2 4 4 .0 0

-

-

18
-

61

40 • 0

14
-

35

57

7

4

-

1

8

14

1 8 2.0 0

1 8 0 .5 0

1 6 6 .5 0 -1 9 6 .0 0

-

-

i

12

27

7
46

11

3 7 .5

49

48

39

30

13

1 1

4
-

1

3

7

10

27b
274

4 0 .0

2 2 4 .0 0

2 2 6.0 0

2 1 8 .0 0 -2 2 8 .5 0

-

“

1 .5 6 6

3 9 .0

1 8 8 .5 0

1 7 8 .5 0

1 6 2 .5 0 -2 1 1 .5 0

4

4

26

994

3 9 .5

13
13

4

2
-

35

162

13

15

7

2

242

225

169

102

73

52

170

84

46

20

4

83

171

32

37

13a

31

39

8

67

78

54

115
54

67

28

188
54

29
-

35

41

15

32

53

7

12

29

20

10

23

29

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

1 7 8.5 0

1 6 6 .0 0 -2 1 1 .0 0

1 8 9 .5 0

1 7 8 .0 0

1 5 5 .5 0 -2 1 7 .0 0

-

4
-

2 2 6 .5 0

2 3 0.0 0

1 8 8 .5 0 -2 4 4 .0 0

-

-

5

8

10

8

8

13

25

53

236

3 7 .5

1 5 7.0 0

1 5 6 .0 0

1 4 3 .5 0 -1 6 9 .0 0

-

~

12

18

58

64

28

30

15

8

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

640

3 9 .0

1 9 6.0 0

1 8 9 .0 0

1 5 1 .0 0 -2 2 9 .0 0

4

4

23

27

78

69

33

56

14

114

18

12

3
24

31

46
23

12

35

16

15

6

29
-

21

21

12

8

10

38

4

10

8

8

10

4

21
14

105
9

55
17

19

4
-

40
19

26

4
-

31
19

10

6

38

4

12
12

49

92

209

169

138

88

33

26

56

29

27

20

55

33

33

42

27

20

5

23

15

3

6

1 9 5 .5 0

2 0 6.5 0

1 5 6 .0 0 -2 2 4 .5 0

290

3 8 .5

1 9 6.5 0

166

3 8 .5

2 2 0 .0 0

1 7 8 .0 0
2 4 0.5 0

1 4 5 .0 0 -2 4 4 .0 0
16 8 • 0 0” 2 7 9 * 5 0

926

3 9 .5

1 8 3.0 0

1 7 5 .0 0

1 6 6 .0 0 -1 9 2 .0 0

282

3 8 .0

1 8 2 .5 0

1 7 8 .5 0

1 5 6 .5 0 -1 9 8 .5 0

677

3 9 .5

1 6 4.0 0

1 4 9 .5 0

1 2 6 .5 0 -1 9 3 .5 0

22

66

123

61

69

73

38

16

30

53

18

13

32

17

417

4 0 .0

1 7 1.0 0

1 5 5 .5 0

1 3 2 .5 0 -1 9 9 .5 0

20

22

52

24

65

44

35

4

8

41

11

12

3 1

15

260

2
-

44
-

7 1
-

37
-

4

29

3

12

22

-

11

3

8

35

55

31

4

8

15

35

33

4

34

22

i i

1

“
_

5

3

5
4

2

1 5 2.5 0

1 3 2.5 0

1 2 2 .0 0 -1 7 1 .5 0

3 9 .0

2 0 3 .0 0

1 8 7 .0 0

1 7 1 .5 0 -2 0 9 .0 0

3 7 .5

1 2 7.0 0

1 2 3 .5 0

1 1 9 .5 0 -1 3 2 .0 0

251

3 9 .5

1 9 1.5 0

1 8 2 .5 0

1 5 4 .0 0 -2 0 4 .0 0

-

-

170

4 0 .0

1 8 9.0 0

1 6 8 .0 0

1 5 3 .5 0 -2 2 0 .0 0

-

-

3
~

-

-

3

81

3 9 .0

1 9 6.0 0

1 8 3 .0 0

1 5 4 .0 0 -2 0 4 .0 0

52

3 9 .5

2 2 0 .5 0

1 8 8 .0 0

47
8

7

12

1 8 3 .0 0 -2 5 7 .5 0

16

1

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

29

-

-

-

-

29

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

31

3

-

-

-

2

12
-

-

31

12
12

12

7

2

-

19

5

5

1

1

2

-

1
1

1

“

1

“

“

“

~

”

28

11

18

39

9

1

11

14

19

3

12

26

4

1

34

2

-

10

12

19

2

-

11

2

7

17

5

7

1

1

2

“

2

5

16

3

5

1

1

2

-

~

1

1

-

“

4

3 8 .5

68
135

-

~

3 8 .5

-

-

lb 1

3 8 .5

11

_

2

231

3 9 .5

-

127
60

32

572

350

1 8 7.5 0

7
-

-

5

i i

at end o f t a b le s .




59

31

~

-

47
6

51

-

-

337

27

8

~

546

12

11

464
502

-

-

-

”

1

12

1

12

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Table A-8. Weekly earnings of office workers—large establishments in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1978— Continued
^ ^ ^ W e d tl y ^a rn in g r^ ^
(standard)

O c c u p a tio n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

nber
kers

N um ber
S

weekly
(standard)

100
Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

of w ork ers
s

$

and
under

110

rec e iv in g

s tra ig h t-tim e
5

$

$

w e ek ly

e a rn in g s
$

*

$

o f—
$

$

$

$

%

s

$

$

$

$

$

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

140

150

160

17 0

180

190

200

210

220

240

260

280

300

3 20

340

360

380

400

-

110

120

130

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
T Y P I S T S - CONTINUED
T Y P I S T S . CLASS B -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------F I L E CLERKS ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------FIN A N C E ----------------------------------------------------F I L E C L E R K S . CLASS B ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------F I L E C L E R K S . CLASS C ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------MESSENGERS --------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------

A 26

3 9 .0

$
1 4 7 .5 0

$
1 3 0.5 0

$
$
1 2 1 .5 0 -1 5 8 .0 0

22

66

120

46

34

40

10

5

12

14

9

12

21

3

12

-

-

247

4 0 .0

1 5 8 .0 0

1 4 2 .0 0

1 2 4 .5 0 -1 9 1 .0 0

20

22

52

20

31

22

9

-

7

7

9

12

21

3

12

-

-

1

5

5

7

28
14

15

12

11

6

5

8

10

7

12

-

7

-

14

3

2

4

i

8
-

1
-

_

10

5
4

14

12

3

1

-

-

-

-

9

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

179

3 8 .0

1 3 3 .0 0

1 2 4 .5 0

1 1 9 .5 0 -1 3 6 .0 0

2

44

68

26

3

18

426

3 9 .0

1 4 6 .0 0

1 2 9 .5 0

1 1 6 .0 0 -1 6 1 .5 0

33

86

40

29

20

109

3 9 .5

1 9 0 .5 0

1 7 7.0 0

1 5 9 .0 0 -2 1 6 .0 0

103
-

2

13

7

317

3 8 .5

1 3 0 .5 0

1 2 0.5 0

1 1 2 .5 0 -1 3 6 .0 0

33

103

84

27

22

6
12

177

3 7 .5

1 2 6 .0 0

1 2 0.5 0

1 1 2 .5 0 -1 3 4 .5 0

27

49

45

20

18

5

11
-

15
-

15

16

9

1 2

8

6

9

9

5

1 1

8

6

7

11

15

6

11

8
1

1

“

“

2

*

2

-

-

-

-

4

13

i

_

_

12

5
-

2

4

2

i

-

-

-

1

5

~

“

-

-

~

“

1 5 9 .0 0

1 3 6 .5 0 -1 9 2 .0 0

-

1 7 4 .0 0

1 5 9 .0 0 -2 0 1 .5 0

-

53

3 8 .0

1 4 3 .5 0

1 3 2 .5 0

1 2 4 .0 0 -1 4 8 *5 0

252

3 8 .5

1 2 3 . Ou

1 2 0 .0 0

1 1 0 .5 0 -1 2 8 *5 0

33

92

71

23

11

7

7

5

239

3 8 .5

1 2 1 .5 0

1 1 6.5 0

1 1 0 .5 0 -1 2 5 .0 0

33

92

69

19

9

7

7

1

1
-

-

4

1

3

4

7

9

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

1

3

4

-

-

~

~

-

-

194

3 9 .0

1 5 5 .0 0

1 3 8 .0 0

1 2 3 .0 0 -1 5 3 .0 0

37

41

22

3 8 .5

1 4 8 .5 0

1 3 8 .0 0

1 2 3 .0 0 -1 4 4 .5 0

1
~

28

85

6

28

26

7

109

3 9 .0

1 6 0 .0 0

1 4 1.0 0

1 2 2 .5 0 -1 5 8 .0 0

1

22

36

3 9 .5

2 1 3.0 0

1 7 3.5 0

1 4 0 . G O - 2 9 7 . 50

184

3 9 .5

2 0 5.0 0

2 0 7.0 0

1 6 2 .0 0 -2 3 3 .0 0

71

4 0 .0

2 2 6 .0 0

2 2 1.0 0

1 9 2 .0 0 -2 7 2 .0 0

-

7
-

SWITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N IS T S -

69

4 0 .0

1 8 6 .0 0

1 8 6 .0 0

1 5 0 .0 0 -2 0 2 .0 0

-

ORDER CLERKS ----------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

171

4 0 .0

2 4 9.5 0

2 7 2.5 0

1 3 6 .5 0 -3 1 7 .5 0

-

60

4 0 .0

1 5 6 .5 0

1 3 2.5 0

1 3 2 .5 0 -1 3 8 .0 0

“

”

9

11

19

7

39

4

16

18

1

-

-

-

-

2

6

7

5

5

15

3

2

17

1

-

3

3

4

14

2

24

1

14

1

-

1

6

2

14

~

14

1

“

"

“

“

~

9

8

1

7

2

4

-

i

-

-

-

-

19

3

1

-

10

5

-

~

2

13

16

5

“

i

“

“

6

-

5

6

1

2

5

12

4

7

34

3

1

-

-

-

-

2

4

8

7

16

8

54

7

34

3

1

-

i

3

2

1

-

i

-

-

2

1

-

3

1

-

-

-

-

2

7

-

2

-

-

_

-

1

3

2

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

33

53

67

46

39

40

82

52

64

54

57

19

2

_

7

4
17

1 9 1 .0 0 -2 9 9 .5 0

3
-

1

10

1 3 7 .0 0 -2 1 7 .5 0

3

16
-

23
-

1 7 1.5 0

9

7
2

-

2 3 9 .5 0

7

16
-

1 5 7 .5 0 -2 7 2 .5 0

1 8 4 .0 0

“

13
-

1 3 2 .5 0 -1 3 6 .5 0

2 4 3.0 0

~

~

2
-

1 3 2 .5 0

3 9 .0

9

“

3

2 0 4.5 0

4 0 .0

7

~

3

1

1 4 5 .5 0

421

~

~

25
2

3

6

2 1 6 .0 0

510

-

“

15

8

1 3 2 .5 0 -2 2 5 .5 0

3 9 .5

-

15

1 3 2.5 0

57

-

9

-

931

2

4

1 4 4 .0 0 -2 3 0 .0 0

1 7 3 .5 0

5

i

6
4

2 2 2 .5 0 -2 7 5 .0 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

4

i

-

-

197.0 0

77

28
3

-

"

2 3 3.0 0

4

7

4

7

34
34

3

33

92

51

51

19

8

25

1 0

13

41

34

20

24

52

30

54

43

76
59

48

17

2

73
-

43
-

26
-

23

40

26

12

19

16

30

22

10

i i

17

9

2

-

6

2

-

1

“

8

5

70

3 9 .5

2 7 3.0 0

2 7 2 .5 0

2 4 0 .5 0 -3 0 8 .0 0

-

-

-

-

14

7

10

14

4 0 .0

1 5 5 .5 0

1 4 1 .5 0

1 3 1 .0 0 -1 7 7 .0 0

1

9

18

60

17

13

5

20

9

9

9

3
4

14

183

6

2

1

-

-

354

3 9 .5

2 5 7 .0 0

2 6 0.0 0

2 0 6 .5 0 -3 1 1 .5 0

-

-

4

-

18

15

16

19

22

35

25

32

30

55

44

16

4 0 .0

2 7 8.0 0

2 8 3 .0 0

2 3 8 .5 0 -3 1 9 .5 0

-

-

-

8
3

12

221

1
-

-

-

1

12

7

13

25

16

28

22

39

38

15

2

133

3 8 .5

2 2 1 .5 0

2 0 6 .0 0

1 7 5 .0 0 -2 6 0 .5 0

-

1

-

4

-

5

12

18

14

4

12

9

10

9

4

8

16

6

1

-

“

“

“

“

~

~

2

1

7

14

3

1

3
-

16

33

88

51

43

2 1

35

52

30

20

18

47

27

32

24

21

13

3

1

10

22

10

13

40

22

13

11

27

14

26

21

20

10

2

-

-

23

19
69

8

15
-

43

21

1 1

22

12

8

7

7

2 0

13

6

3

3

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

3

14

12

6

3

3

1

-

8

18

58

17

9

1

12

4

1
-

6

4

1

28

3 8 .5

3 0 3 .5 0

3 0 8.0 0

2 9 5 .0 0 -3 0 8 .0 0

577

3 9 .5

1 9 1 .0 0

1 7 9.5 0

1 4 1 .0 0 -2 3 2 .5 0

289

4 0 .0

2 1 5.5 0

199.5 0

1 7 0 .5 0 -2 6 6 .0 0

288

3 9 .5

1 6 6 .5 0

147.0 0

1 3 2 .0 0 -1 8 5 .5 0

42

4 0 .0

2 5 3.0 0

2 4 6 .5 0

2 2 8 .5 0 -2 6 5 .5 0

3
-

146

4 0 .0

1 4 7 .5 0

1 3 7.0 0

1 3 1 .0 0 -1 5 5 .5 0

1

end o f t a b l e s .




6

1

1 6 4 .0 0

1 9 1 .5 0

at

_

1 7 9 .0 0

2 4 0.5 0

S e e fo o tn o te s

-

3 9 .0

3 9 .5

ACCOUNTING C L ER K S. CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------R E T A I L TRADE ----------------------------------------

-

i

2

5
-

3 9 .5

3 9 .0

ACCOUNTING C L ER K S. CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------

-

73

39

ACCOUNTING CLERKS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------R E T A I L TRADE ----------------------------------------

-

-

126

113

ORDER C L E R K S . CLASS B -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

~
-

17

-

“

7

-

-

2

-

-

-

Table A-8. Weekly earnings of office workers—large establishments in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1978 — Continued
^ ""w ee k l^ e a rn in g ^ ^ ™
(standard)
Number
of

Av era ge
weekl y
hours1
(standard)

N um ber

of w ork ers

rec e iv in g

s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly

e a rn in g s

of—
%

$

$

$

$

%

S

s

$

s

$

$

$

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

110

O ccu p a tion and in d u s try d iv is io n

120

130

140

150

lo O

170

180

190

200

210

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

-

-

35
12

15

12

2

4

3

10

26

16

13

45

24

15

6

2

-

12

7

-

3

12
8

7

-

i

-

3

24

38

21

5

1

4

6

3

12
4

10

2

3

7

3

11
4

6
-

2
-

-

4

“

“

“

26

16

3

_

_

_

16

3

100
Me“

2

Medi an 2

Middle range 2

and
under

ALL

WORKERS-

CONTINU E D
247

4 0 .0

$
2 3 4.0 0

170

P A Y R O L L C L E R K S -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

4 0 .0

2 4 9 .5 0

$
2 3 b .00
2 7 0 .5 0

$
$
1 5 7 .5 0 -2 8 9 .0 0

KEY

ENTRY

OPERATORS

M AN U FACTURING

77

------

1 9 9.0 0

1 9 0 .5 0

2 7 1 .0 0

2 8 8 .0 0

2 3 8 .5 0 -3 0 0 .5 0

3 9 .5

2 0 4 .0 0

1 9 5 .5 0

1 6 2 .0 0 -2 5 6 .0 0

-

1 3 5 .0 0 -2 4 8 .0 0

4 0 .0

951

------

3 9 .5

26

N O NM ANUFACTURING

-

1 9 8 .5 0 -2 8 9 .5 0

-

489
462

3 9 .0

1 7 9.5 0

1 7 4 .0 0

1 5 4 .5 0 -1 9 8 .5 0

-

90

3 9 .0

2 2 9 .0 0

2 2 4.0 0

1 8 3 .0 0 -2 7 6 .0 0

-

R E T A IL
KEY

TRADE

ENTRY

M ANU FA CTU R ING
P U B L IC

P U B L IC

See

at

1 6 0 .0 0 -1 9 0 .5 0

2 0 1 .0 0

1 7 8 .5 0 -2 3 1 .5 0

-

4 0 .0

2 2 3.0 0

2 2 5.5 0

1 9 8 .5 0 -2 4 5 .5 0

-

3 9 .0

1 9 7 .5 0

1 9 0.0 0

1 7 7 .5 0 -2 0 4 .5 0

---------

545

3 9 .5

310

4 0 .0

235

B

3 9 .0

52

-

end

1 6 9 .0 0

2 0 8 .5 0

2 6 0 .0 0

of




3 9 .0

59

55

70

2

27

30

15

30

29
-

22

25
30

24

16
-

46

56

38

5

3

71
1

45

2

8

10

4

2

98

60

70

29

182

24

38

54

28

168

5

-

-

-

35

22

16

21

-

-

-

13

1
~

14

7

14

21

-

-

-

7

4

16

5

4 1

12

19

18

16

6

“

~

~

-

5
-

17

13

33

37

43

43

36

43

56

11

25

-

6
-

15

1

7

4

27

53

10

20

6

5

2

12

17
16

21
-

29

36

32

16

3

1

5

“

“

3

43
4

2

2

1

“

57
23

65

38

28

25

23

17

14

10

22

15

23

20

11

1

34
3

55

16

13

2

3

6

13

5

6

2

6

13

“

_

2 0 1 .0 0

1 8 3 .0 0

1 5 6 .5 0 -2 6 4 .0 0

-

1 8 4 .5 0 -2 7 0 .5 0

-

23
-

38

2 6 0 .0 0

16
-

19

2 3 0 .0 0

2

10

1 6 ^ .5 0

1 6 0 .0 0

1 4 1 .a 0 -1 7 1 .0 0

-

16

23

17

28

1 7 5 .5 0 -2 3 1 .0 0

68

24

2 0 6 .5 0 -2 9 8 .0 0

2 1 8.5 0

71

29
-

2 8 8.0 0

2 0 6 .0 0

2

-

1 7 2.5 0

3 9 .5

3 9 .5

7

“

4 0 .0

406

3b

------

U T IL IT IE S

fo o tn o tes

---------

-

KEY E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S .
CLASS
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------K O NhANU FACTU RING

1 8 9 .5 0 -2 6 9 ^ 5 0

179

A

------

U T IL IT IE S

2 3 7 .5 0

227

CLASS

-------------

NONM ANUFACTURING

2 2 7.5 0

144

-----------

OPERATORS.

4 0 .0

75

16

-

-------------

U T IL IT IE S

3

i

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----P U B L IC

23

~

“

2

ta b les.

18

5

1

8

_

-

“

-

-

-

14

3

-

_

-

14
-

3
-

-

-

-

21

-

-

-

5

21

-

-

-

-

-

18

157

5

2

_

_

_

_

18

148

5

-

-

-

-

9

-

2
-

-

-

-

-

9

-

-

-

-

-

-

Table A-9.

Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers—large establishments

in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1978
^^"w Tekl^Tarnin g^^™
(standard)

O c c u p a tio n a nd i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
woikers

N u m b e r o f w o rke rs
4

A vera ge
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Middle range 2

Median 2

rec e iv in g

4

4

stra igh t-tim e
4

4

w e ek ly

s

earn in g s o f—

s

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

S

120

140

160

160

200

22 0

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

440

480

520

560

600

140

160

180

200

220

24 0

260

280

300

320

340

36 u

380

400

440

460

520

560

600

640

-

10

4

34

30

54

46

62

48

107

74

52

30

19

8

-

-

13
-

9

-

3

17

10

22

25

39

32

85

68

50

30

19

8

10

4

13

6

17

20

32

21

23

16

22

6

2

”

1

3

1

8

14

42

35

24

14

8

8

1

100
Mean 2

S

4

1

5

10

26

30

22

14

8

8

and
unde r
120

ALL WORKERS
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

$

$

6 00

3 9 .5

4 0 0 .0 0

394 .0 0

3 3 9 .u 0 -4 5 2 .5 0

-

-

-

40a

4 0 .0

$
4 3 0.0 0

4 2 7.5 0

3 7 4 .5 0 -4 8 3 *0 0

-

-

-

-

192

3 8 .5

3 3 6 .5 0

3 3 7 .5 0

2 9 7 .0 0 -3 7 7 .5 0

~

~

“

~

_

_

_

_

$

COMPUTER s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS A ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

158

3 9 .5

4 6 1 .0 0

4 4 8.5 0

4 1 6 .5 0 -4 9 8 .5 0

125

4 0 .0

4 7 4.0 0

4 5 9 .0 0

4 2 8 .0 0 -5 1 7 .0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEM S ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS B ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONKANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

315

3 9 .0

3 9 1 .0 0

3 7 5.5 0

3 3 5 .5 0 -4 3 4 .5 0

_

_

_

_

_

_

3

193

4 0 .0

4 2 4.0 0

4 1 5.0 0

3 7 0 .0 0 -4 7 4 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

122

3 8 .0

3 3 9 .0 0

3 3 7.5 0

3 0 6 .5 0 -3 6 6 .0 0

“

“

~

”

3

1

COMPUTER SYSTEM S ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS C ---------------------------( b u s i n e s s ) -----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

computer programmers

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS A --------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS B --------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONKANUFACTURING -----------------------------------COMPUTER OPERATORS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS C ----------DRAFTERS -------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------D R A F TE R S . CLASS A -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

_

_

_

_

_

_

25

21

43

3 1

42

27

47

28

20

16

11

8

1 1

24

15

4 1

27

20

16

11

17

3
18

17

“

26

20

18

12

6

1

~

“

“

-

127

3 9 .5

3 4 7 .5 0

3 5 2 .0 0

2 8 5 .5 0 -4 0 4 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

10

i

12

9

9

8

8

14

12

7

18

11

8

-

325

3 9 .0

2 8 5 .5 0

2 8 4 .0 0

2 4 7 .5 0 -3 2 1 *0 0

-

5
-

6
-

8

22

58

40

49

32

28

22

14

4

5

6

5

_

_

2

31

24

24

15

15

3

1

3

5

-

-

27

16

25

17

13

12
10

7

20

7

1

4

3

157

4 0 .0

2 9 6.0 0

2 9 1 .0 0

2 5 6 .5 0 -3 2 4 .5 0

-

5
-

4

16
11

168

3 8 .5

2 7 5 .5 0

2 7 2.5 0

2 3 9 .5 0 -3 0 8 .0 0

“

5

5

6

4

5

113

3 9 .0

3 2 5 .5 0

3 1 2 .0 0

2 8 8 .0 0 -3 5 2 .0 0

_

_

5

_

_

1

6

9

25

14

13

16

6

2

5

6

5

73

3 8 .0

3 0 8 .0 0

2 9 9.0 0

2 8 6 .0 0 -3 3 9 .5 0

5

”

“

1

3

7

21

12

6

6

4

1

4

3

”

_
_

_

4

5

1 1

50

26

21

17

13

6

8

2

_

_

_

_

_

4

1

2

28

18

18

a

2

5

2

-

-

5

4

3

_

~

168

3 9 .0

2 7 4 .5 0

2 6 3 .5 0

2 4 7 .5 0 -3 0 2 .5 0

_

_

101

4 0 .0

2 8 1 .0 0

2 7 1.0 0

2 5 6.5 0 -3 0 4 *5 0

-

-

5
-

“

_
~

67

3 8 .5

2 6 4 .0 0

2 5 8 .5 0

2 3 9 .5 0 -2 9 0 .5 0

“

-

5

“

“

4

9

22

8

3

13
4

“

~

”

“

441

3 9 .0

2 2 8 .5 0

2 1 7.5 0

1 9 0 .0 0 -2 5 8 .0 0

-

14

53

65

88

70

37

29

21

16

25

14

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

215

4 0 .0

2 3 5 .5 0

2 2 1.0 0

1 9 9 .0 0 -2 5 9 .0 0

-

9
-

i

26

38

42

16

8

11

3

18

13

-

-

-

-

3 8 .5

2 2 1 .5 0

2 1 5 .5 0

1 8 5 .5 0 -2 5 1 .5 0

-

9

13

27

27

46

21

21

10

13

7

1

-

-

-

226

39
31

-

-

-

-

31

3 9 .0

2 7 4 .5 0

2 9 2.0 0

2 3 4 .5 0 -3 0 8 .0 0

-

-

1

“

2

8

1

2

5

6

6

167
84

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

2 6 5.5 0

2 6 0.5 0

_

_

35

24

19

9

19

14

-

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

2

16

27
16

15

-

1
-

4

2 8 3 .0 0

2 2 2 .0 0 -3 0 1 .5 0
2 2 6 .0 0 -3 3 7 .0 0

-

2 8 0 .0 0

i

5

11

2

16

13

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

83

3 9 .0

2 5 0 .5 0

2 5 0.0 0

2 1 9 .0 0 -2 7 5 .5 0

-

-

-

1

2

19

1 1

14

19

8

7

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

188

3 9 .5

2 1 0 .5 0

2 0 5.0 0

1 8 7 .0 0 -2 3 3 *0 0

-

20

5

1 9 3 .0 0 -2 3 3 .5 0

-

26

20

15

3

96

3 9 .0

2 0 7 .5 0

2 0 4 .5 0

1 8 1 . 0 0 - 2 3 0 . UO

-

6

8

10

18

23

17
16

2
-

6

2 1 1 .5 0

20
10

33

2 1 4 .0 0

8
-

43

4 0 .0

6
-

44

92

5

2

2

5

1

86

3 9 .0

1 9 5.5 0

1 8 3 .5 0

1 6 9 .5 0 -2 1 0 .5 0

-

3

6

32

17

10

10

2

-

'

i

5

198

1

i

2 .46 9

4 0 .0

2 7 3 .0 0

2 7 8 .5 0

2 0 9 .5 0 -3 4 5 .0 0

64

180

71

93

107

223

187

162

120

328

40

_

_

_

_

4 0 .0

2 9 2 .0 0

3 0 2.0 0

2 4 5 .0 0 -3 6 0 .0 0

44

85

30

36

62

138
89

194

1 .85 8

137
101

207
127

181

162

185

145

14a

117

324

24

-

-

611

2 1 6 .0 0

2 1 0.0 0

1 4 8 .0 0 -2 6 4 .0 0

40

95

4 1

3

4

16

-

-

-

1

33

16

6

13
5

16

-

80
66

42

2 3 7 .0 0 -3 0 9 .5 0

36
12

32

2 4 4.0 0

45
9

42

2 6 5.5 0

57
9

49

207

3 9 .0
3 8 .0

-

2o

7

1

-

16

-

-

-

-

987

4 0 .0

3 3 2 .0 0

3 5 8.0 0

2 9 1 .0 0 -3 6 2 *0 0

_

_

_

29

43

24

30

50

65

66

88

121

110

298

40

_

_

_

-

860

4 0 .0

3 3 9 .0 0

3 5 9.0 0

3 1 1.5 0 -3 8 2 *0 0

-

-

23
8

24

28

24

20

31

57

57

80

106

107

294

24

-

-

-

127

3 9 .5

2 8 4 .0 0

2 7 6 .0 0

2 1 0 .0 0 -3 4 3 .0 0

15

5

15

10

19

8

9

8

15

3

4

16

S e e fo ot n ot es at end o f t a b l e s .




-

_

19

-

Table A-9. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers—large establishments
in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1978— Continued
N

O c c u p a tio n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

L

We ek ly earnings1
( standard)

N um ber of w orkers

s

%

Av era ge
weekl y
hour*1
(standard)

S

rec e iv in g

$

s tra igh t-tim e

s

S

%

w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—

$

s

$

*

$

$

s

%

s

$

$

$

s

%

190

160

180

200

22 0

290

260

280

300

320

390

360

380

900

990

980

520

560

600

120

of
woikers

120

190

160

180

200

220

29 0

260

280

300

320

390

360

380

900

990

980

520

560

600

690

-

-

15
-

25

18

11

13

93

77

59

70

95

91

10

30

5

5

90

69

95

66

61

90

10

30

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

100
Mean2

Middle range 2

Median2

and
under

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
D RAFTERS

-

C O N T IN U E D

DRAFTERS* CLASS B ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUF A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------

$

$

$

507

9 0 .0

2 6 1 . 0 0 —3 2 9 . 0 0

9 0 .0

2 8 7.5 0
3 0 5 .0 0

2 9 7.0 0

371

3 0 9 .5 0

2 7 1 .0 0 -3 3 1 .0 0

$

136

3 9 .5

2 9 0 .0 0

2 3 2.0 0

1 7 2 .0 0 -3 2 0 .5 0

“

15

25

18

6

8

3

8

19

9

39

DRAFTERS. CLASS C ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

730

9 0 .0

2 0 6 .0 0

2 0 9 .0 0

1 3 6 .0 0 -2 6 6 .0 0

49

179

59

39

39

39

53

65

88

69

62

4

529

9 0 .0

2 2 0.0 0

2 3 6 .0 0

1 9 2 .5 0 -2 7 7 .5 0

44

84

28

23

23

29

93

57

73

59

62

4

D R AFTER-TRACERS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

295

3 9 .0

2 0 6 .5 0

2 2 1.0 0

1 9 1 . 5 0 - 2 9 9 . UO

35

6

2

11

21

44

98

8

1

98

9 0 .0

2 1 6.0 0

2 1 3 .0 0

2 0 1 .5 0 -2 2 7 .5 0

i

2

5

15

39

17

69
10

-

1

-

5

27

21

53

50

97

322

9

46

1

-

-

-

-

1
1

13
4

21
7

18

35

16

6

46

1

_

_

_

_

12

23

4

6

96

1

-

-

-

-

12

6

32

29

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

2

1

_

_

_

_

_

8

1

1

ELECTRONICS TEC H N IC IA N S --------------------------

582

3 8 .5

3 9 9.0 0

3 6 0 .0 0

3 3 6 .5 0 -3 6 0 .0 0

ELECTRONICS T E C H N IC IA N S . CLASS A NONHAn UFACTURING -----------------------------------

157

9 0 .0

109

9 0 .0

3 5 9 .0 0
3 7 2.5 0

3 5 1.5 0
3 9 7 .0 0

3 2 9 .0 0 -9 0 5 .0 0
3 9 3 .0 0 -9 1 1 .0 0

ELECTRONICS T E C H N IC IA N S . CLASS 8 -

87

9 0 .0

3 0 8 .5 0

3 0 7.0 0

2 9 6 .5 0 -3 2 7 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

REGISTEREO IN D U S T R IA L NURSES -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

191

9 0 .0

2 8 0 .0 0

2 7 9.5 0

2 5 0 .0 0 -3 1 0 .0 0

-

-

-

4

18

29

90

35

39

13

3

9 0 .0

2 8 1 .5 0

2 8 0 .5 0

2 5 3 .0 0 -3 1 0 .0 0

3
1

7

166

7

17

19

39

30

38

10

3

S ee foo tn o tes

-

-

-

at end o f ta b le s .




20

-

2

Table A-10. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sexlarge establishments in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1978
Av erage
(mean2)
Sex, 3 occu p a tio n ,

O FFIC E

and in d u s try d iv is io n

O C CU PATIO NS

-

Number
of
woikera

Weekly
hours
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

Average
(mean2)
Sex,

oc c u p a tio n ,

M EN

O FFIC E

and in d u s try d iv is io n

O C C U PATIO N S

Weekly
hours1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

Average
( m e a n2)
S ex, 3 o c c u p a tio n ,

-

O FFICE

W OM EN — C O N T I N U E D
MESSENGERS

--------------------

71

ORDER

3 9 .0

1 8 7 .5 0

98

CLERKS

3 9 .0

52

NONM ANUFACTURING

9 0 .0

2 9 9.5 0

CLERKS

M AN U FA CTU R ING

-------

206

3 9 .5

2 7 7.5 0

----------

196

4 0 .0

STENOGRAPHERS

-

3 9 .0

g e n e r a l

P U R L IC

32

3 9 .0

2 8 9.5 0

U T IL IT IE S

------------------------------------------

N O NHANUFACTURING

-----------------------------------

A

112

3 9 .5

AC C O U N TIN G

79

9 0 .0

3 1 0.5 0

CLASS

CLERKS.

M AN U FA CTU R ING
CLERKS

CLASS

6

99

9 0 .0

2 5 2 .0 0

---------------------------

67

9 0 .0
9 0 .0
9 0 .0

2 8 6.0 0

O C CU PATIO NS

-

3 .15 8

3 9 .0

2 3 1 .5 0

3 9 .5

M AN U FA CTU R ING

NO NM AN U FACTU R ING

T Y P I S T S ---------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------

655
901

3 9 .5
9 0 .0

1 6 3.5 0

259

3 8 .5

1 5 2.5 0

ACCO U NTING

P U B L IC

-----------------------------------

T Y P IS T S .

PAYROLL

2 0 2.5 0

----------

977

4 0 .0

1 8 8 .5 0

M AN U FA CTU R ING

1 9 7 .0 0

NO NM AN U FACTU R ING

3 9 .5

2 2 3 .0 0

U T IL IT IE S

-----------------------------

3 9 .0

2 2 2.0 0

------------------------------------

910

3 9 .0

KEY

ENTRY

233

9 0 .0

1 5 8 .0 0

177

3 8 .0

1 3 3.0 0

8

----------------------------------

3 8 .5

2 9 3.5 0

M AN U FA CTU R ING

------------

63

3 9 .0

3 0 2.0 0

NONHANUFACTURING

B

595

3 9 .5

2 6 6.0 0

------------

337

3 9 .5

2 7 1 .5 0

208

3 9 .0

KEY

ENTRY

59

3 9 .0

2 9 b . 00

F IN A N C E

----------------------------------

3 8 .5

1 2 8 .5 0

3 7 .5

1 2 6 .0 0

F IL E

CLERKS.

c l a s s

c

------------

P U B L IC

1 .19 0

3 9 .5

2 3 2.5 0

ENTRY

1 6 0 .5 0

P U B L IC

1 7 5.5 0

R E T A IL

TRADE

53

3 8 .0

--------------------------

239

3 8 .5

228

3 8 .5

1 2 1 .5 0

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

P R O F E S S IO N A L

3 9 .0

1 3 5.0 0

3 9 .5

2 0 9 .5 0

M ANUFACTURING

-----------------------------------------

70

9 0 .0

2 2 5 .5 0

NONHANUFACTURING

3 9 .5

-----------------------------

3 9 .0

2 9 0 .5 0

OPERA T O R -R E C E P T IO N I STS

4 0 .0

1 8 6.0 0

---------------------------------------------------

9 0 .0

1 8 2 .0 0

9 0 .0

1 3 5.0 0

9 0 .0
9 0 .0

1 5 2 .0 0

M ANUFACTURING

N O NHANUFACTURING

D

1 .1 8 2

3 9 .0

2 0 9 .5 0

------------

591

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

2 0 2.0 0

57

40 .0

2 1 2.0 0

1 6 0 .5 0

3 9 .0

2 0 0.5 0

9 0 .0

1 5 3 .0 0

540

3 9 .5

9 0 6.0 0

385

9 0 .0

9 3 1 .5 0

155

3 8 .5

3 4 2 .5 0

155
129

3 9 .5

9 6 2.5 0
9 7 9 .5 0

T E C H N IC A L
-

MEN

OPERATORS

COMPUTER

SYSTEMS

----------------------------------

U T IL IT IE S

COMPUTER

ANALYSTS

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

SYSTEMS

---------------------------ANALYSTS

CLASS

M ANUFACTURING

A

---------------------

-----------------------------------

9 0 .0

2 0 7.5 0

691

2 2 9.5 0

1 9 1.5 0

2 6 9.5 0

S W ITC H R O AR D

CLASS

AN D

182

3 8 .5

P U B L IC

2 0 0 .0 0

3 9 .0

55

--------

-----------------------------

---------------------------------

(B U S IN E S S )

2 9 7.5 0

3 9 .5
9 0 .0

1 9 7 .5 0

-----------------------------------------

N O NHANUFACTURING

2 1 7.0 0

533

97

---------

1 9 1.5 0

C

2 3 3.5 0

3 7 .5

1 9 3 .5 0
2 5 0 .0 0

1 2 2.5 0

----------------------------------

----------------------------------

CLASS

2 3 0.5 0

4 0 .0

2 2 1.0 0

3 9 .5

1 9 3 .5 0

3 9 .5

156

2 0 5 .5 0

3 9 .0

305

B

U T IL IT IE S

3 9 .5

3 9 .0

138

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

228

CLASS

—

3 9 .0

691

--------------------

391
172

-----------

O C C U PA TIO N S

----------------------

1 7 2 .5 0

30

OPERATORS.

M AN U FA CTU R ING

61

111

U T IL IT IE S

KEY

119

8

--------------------------------------------------------

S W IT C H B O A R D

9 0 .0

219

U T IL IT IE S

--------------------------

999

—

---------

—

-----------------------------------------

CLASS

NONHANUFACTURING
MESSENGERS

A

-----------

N O NM ANUFACTURING
CLERKS.

2 2 0.0 0

1 8 9 .5 0

---------------------------------------------------

NONHANUFACTURING

CLASS

OPERATORS.

M AN U FA CTU R ING

2 5 7.5 0

2 6 2.5 0

1 7 6 .5 0

3 9 .0

199

--------

3 9 .0

77

U T IL IT IE S
TRADE

2 2 6.5 0

447

—

P U B L IC

1 9 3 .0 0

3 9 .5

F IL E
C L E R K S --------------------- '------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

3 9 .0

—

OPERATORS

N O NHANUFACTURING

101

CLASS

------

1 9 7 .0 0

-----------------------------------------

CLASS

a

—

U T IL IT IE S
----------------------

276

3 7 .5

273

9 0 .0

2 2 3 .5 0

ORDER

CLERKS

NONHANUFACTURING

----------------------------------

ORDER

CLERKS.

CLASS

N O NM ANUFACTURING
---------------------------

N O NH AN U FACTU R ING

-■

U T IL IT IE S

1 .5 5 8

3 9 .0

------------------------

----------------------------------

3 9 .5
3 8 .5

1 8 9 .0 0

227

3 8 .5

2 2 6.0 0

238

3 7 .5

1 5 7.0 0

1 8 7 .5 0

ANALYSTS

CLASS

B

---------------------

-----------------------------------

NONHANUFACTURING

----------------------------

3 9 .5

3 9 5 .0 0

186

4 0 .0

4 2 4.5 0

100

3 8 .5

3 9 0 .5 0

3 4 8 .5 0

286

1 3 5 .0 0
SYSTEMS

3 9 .5

1 9 8.5 0

9 0 .0

1 7 3 .0 0

-----------------------------

3 9 .5

2 6 3 .5 0

M ANUFACTURING

---------------------------------------

9 0 .0

1 5 5.5 0

N O NHANUFACTURING

ANALYSTS

2 2 9 .0 0

3 9 .0

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S -------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------NO NM AN U FACTU R ING

----------------------------------

P U B L IC

U T IL IT IE S
TRADE

at end o f t a b le s .




SYSTEMS

(B U S IN E S S ).

COMPUTER

R E TA IL

--------------------

B

1 8 8 .0 0

990
568

COMPUTER

M ANUFACTURING

1 8 2 .0 0

--------------------

S e e fo o tn o te s

—

3 9 .5

9 0 .0

1 8 2 .5 0

N O NM ANUFACTURING

F IN A N C E

1 8 9 .5 0

924

3 9 .0

(B U S IN E S S ).

P U B L IC

2 2 1 .0 0

3 9 .5

77

----------------------------------

2 3 2.0 0

M AN U FA CTU R ING

9 0 .0

65

168

2 0 1.0 0

N O NM ANUFACTURING

STENOGRAPHERS

95

------------------------------------

A

M ANUFACTURING

SE R VIC E S

2 0 6 .5 0

-----------------------------------------

CLASS

4 0 .0

U T IL IT IE S

F IN A N C E

1 9 8 .0 0

4 0 .0

1 9 1 .5 0

501

N O NM ANUFACTURING

P U B L IC

2 9 8 .5 0

160

-----------

3 9 .5

----------------c l a s s

CLERKS

295

3 7 .5

M AN U FA CTU R ING

1 6 0 .5 0

9 0 .0

NO NM ANUFACTURING

9 0 .0

SE C R E TA R IE S.

1 7 9 .0 0
2 0 1 .0 0

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

M ANUFACTURING

162

SE R VIC E S

3 9 .5
9 0 .0

26

--------

1 2 7.0 0

NO NM ANUFACTURING

F IL E

F IN A N C E

o

193

TRADE

2 0 9 .5 0

969

,

, . 5

261

U T IL IT IE S

3 7 .5

233

m a n u f a c t u r in g

2 0 5.0 0

983

—

R E T A IL

3 9 .0

--------

t r a d e

m a n u f a c t u r in g

2 6 0.0 0

3 9 .0

1 7 1.0 0

6b

-----------------------------

----------------------------------------------------

--------------------

r e t a i l

S E C R E TA R IE S .

L

9 0 .0

222

C

-----------

133

U T IL IT IE S

3 9 .0

m a n u f a c t u r in g

CLERKS.

P U B L IC

NONHANUFACTURING

3 9 .5

192
100

2 2 7 .5 0
1 8 3.0 0

-------------------------

2 3 9.0 0

1.91 7

—

U T IL IT IE S

S E C R E TA R IE S ,

292

------

R E TA IL

1 .7 9 1

----------

P U B LIC

S E R V IC E S

C O NTINU E D

NO NH AN U FACTU R ING

WOMEN

-----------------------

NONM AN U FACTU R ING

P U B L IC

M AN U FA CTU R ING

1 9 6 .0 0

1 8 2 .5 0

m a n u f a c t u r in g

s e c r e t a r i e s

1 9 5 .5 0

3 8 .5

3 8 .0

T Y P IS T S .

P U B L IC

3 9 .5

281

P U B L IC

F IN A N C E

350
287

----------------------------------

NO NM AN U FACTU R ING

M AN U FA CTU R ING

-

CLERKS.

2 8 9.5 0

75

CLERKS

ACCO U NTING

3 9 .5

------------------------------

SE N IO R

M ANUFACTURING

S E C R E TA R IE S

$
1 9 5 .5 0

3 8 .5

26 3 .5 0

87

—

M AN U FA CTU R ING

O FFIC E

3 9 .0

163

U T IL IT IE S

F IN A N C E
PAYROLL

637

2 9 9 .0 0

---------------------------

CLERKS.

M AN U FA CTU R ING

O C C U PATIO N S

921

P U B L IC

STENOGRAPHERS.

N O NM ANUFACTURING
AC C O U N TIN G

AC C O U N TIN G
----------------------

2 5 0 .0 0

—

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

W O ME N — C O N T I N U E D

C O NTINU E D

STENOGRAPHERS,

2 8 9 . OU

60

N O NM ANUFACTURING

Weekly
hours1
[standard)

1 7 8 .0 0

M ANUFACTURING
A C CO U NTING

and in d u s try d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

21

(B U S IN E S S ).
COMPUTER

CLASS

PROGRAMMERS

C

---------------------

(B U S IN E S S )

--------------------------------------------------------------

99

3 9 .5

293

3 9 .0

135

9 0 .0

3 0 2.0 0

108

3 8 .0

2 9 7.0 0

2 9 9.5 0

Table A-10. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by se x large establishments in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1978— Continued
Av era ge
( m e a n 2)
Sex, 3 occu p a tion ,

and in d u s try d iv is i

Number
of
workers

Weekl y
(standard)

PR O F E S S IO N A L
O C C U PATIO N S

-

AND

T E C H N IC A L

ftEN —

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS
C O NTINU E D

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

occu p a tio n ,

PR O F E S S IO N A L

CONTINU E D
(B U S IN E S S )

Average
( m e a n2 )

O C CU PATIO NS
-

DRAFTERS

-

and

ANO

CLASS

A

(B U S IN E S S )

-------------------------------------------------------

3 9 .0

$
3 3 8 .0 0

--------------------------------

3 8 .0

3 2 3 .5 0

127

3 9 .5

2 8 2 .5 0

86

4 0 .0

P U B L IC
DRAFTERS.

B

PROGRAMMERS

(B U S IN E S S ).

-------------------------------------------------------

M ANUFACTURING

----------------------------------------

CLASS

S E R V IC E S

--------------------------------

----------------------------------

957

4 0 .0

850

4 0 .0

----------------------------

107

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

2 7 6.0 0

----------------------------------

473

4 0 .0

2 9 4.0 0

-----------------------------------------

357

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

2 5 4 .5 0

588

4 0 .0

475

4 0 .0

2 2 5.5 0

113

3 9 .5

1 8 3 .5 0

75

3 9 .0

2 5 1 .0 0

3 9 .5

C

---------------------------------

-----------------------------------------

N O NM AN UFACTURING

----------------------------------

2 1 3 .0 0

----------------------------------------

80

4 0 .0

73

3 9 .0

2 1 3.0 0
2 1 2 .5 0

Cl

a s s

b

--------------------------------

OPERATORS.

CLASS

C

--------

75

3 9 .0

1 9 7.0 0

-----------------------------------------------

PROGRAMMERS

D R A F T E R - T R A C E R S --------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------E LE C TR O N IC S

T E C H N IC IA N S

3 9 .5

2 1 4 .5 0

3 8 .5

3 4 9 .0 0

A

157

4 0 .0

3 5 9.0 0

----------------------------------

104

4 0 .0

3 7 2 .5 0

40. C

3 0 8 .5 0

T E C H N IC IA N S .

CLASS

1 9 4 .0 0

4 0 .0

------------------------

T E C H N IC IA N S .

N O NM ANUFACTURING
E LE CTR O NIC S

(B U S IN E S S )
---------------------------

82

3 9 .0

2 4 3 .0 0

60

3 8 .5

2 3 6 .5 0

COMPUTER

OPERATORS

-----------------------------

59

DRAFTERS

------------------------------------------------------

302

CLASS

at end o f ta b le s .

22

B

3 9 .5

1 9 0 .0 0

83

4 0 .0

2 0 5 .5 0

---------------------------

219

3 9 .0

1 8 4 .0 0

---------------------------

142

4 0 .0

1 5 7 .5 0

----------------------------------

54

4 0 .0

----------------------------------

NO NM AN U FACTU R ING
DRAFTERS.

CLASS

M ANUFACTURING
CLASS

E LE CTR O NIC S




----------------------------------

2 8 1 .5 0

153

.

U O M EN

ANALYSTS

2 1 7 .5 0

2 8 3 .5 0

DRAFTERS.

T E C H N IC A L
-

3 0 7 .0 0

116

B

2 2 6 .0 0

--------

--------------------------------

COMPUTER

M ANUFACTURING
CLASS

3 8 .5

2 6 7 .0 0

(B U S IN E S S )

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

3 0 2.5 0

74

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

N O NM ANUFACTURING

S ee fo o tn o te s

3 4 0.0 0

---------------------------------

27

79

A

A

189

154

CLASS

SYSTEMS

We ekly
hours
(standard)

3 3 5.5 0

-----------------------------------------

COMPUTER

Number
of
workers

2 3 4.0 0
2 8 9 .0 0

N O NM AN UFACTURING

--------

o p e r a t o r s

M ANUFACTURING

COMPUTER

2 9 6.0 0

3 9 .5

M AN U FACTU RING

----------------------------------------

OPERATORS?

N O NM ANUFACTURING
*

4 0 .0
3 8 .0

2 3 6 .5 0

193

U T IL IT IE S

M ANUFACTURING

c o m p u t e

1 .7 7 5

$
2 8 5.0 0

------------------------------------------------

M ANUFACTURING
COMPUTER

4 0 .0

115

2 3 1 .5 0

382

N O NM ANUFACTURING
P U B L IC

----------------------------------

2 .1 6 7
392

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

-----------------------------------

ANO

O C CU PATIO NS

-----------------------------

NO NM AN U FACTU R ING

----------------------------------------

OPERATORS

M ANUFACTURING

and in d u s try d iv is io n

NO NM AN U FACTU R ING

DRAFTERS.
COMPUTER

S e x , 3 oc c u p a tio n ,

P R O F E S S IO N A L

-----------------------------------------

U T IL IT IE S

M AN U FA CTU R ING
CLASS

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

2 8 3 .0 0

NO NM AN U FACTU R ING
COMPUTER

Weekly
hours1
(standard)

T E C H N IC A L

-------------------------------------------------------------

M AN U FACTU RING

PROGRAMMERS

d iv isio n

A v era ge
(m ean2)

MEN— C O N T I N U E D

NO NM AN U FACTU R ING
COMPUTER

in d u s try

Number
of
workers

R E G IS TE R E D

C

IN D U S T R IA L

M ANUFACTURING

NURSES

—

----------------------------------

1 7 2.5 0

187

2 7 9 .5 0

162

2 8 1 .0 0

Table A-11. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers—large establishments
in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1978
Hourly earnings *

N um ber

of w orkers

rec e iv in g

s tra ig h t-tim e

h o u rly

e a rn in g s

of—

ALL

$
M AN U FA CTU R ING

M AN U FA CTU R ING

Medi an 2

Middle range 2

TOOL

AND

D IE

ST A T IO N A R Y

7 .0 0

7 .2 0

7 .4 0

7 .60

7 .8 0

8.00

8.20

8 .4 0

8 .6 0

8 .8 0

9 .0 0

9 .2 0

9 .4 0

9 . 6Q 1 0 . 0 0 1 0 . 4 0 1 0 . 8 0

4
4
-

31
24

16

7

15

7
-

1
1

10
10

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

7 .5 3

7 .5 3

7 .0 9 -

7 .5 3

-

1 .4 5 9
1 .2 9 4

8 .2 7
8 .2 9

8 .38
8 .4 4

7 .5 3 -

9.01

16

2

82

40

24

7 .5 2 -

9 .01

165

8 .1 6

7 .86

7.63 -.

8 .49

16
-

2

82
-

40
-

24
-

--------------------------------

119

7 .9 5

7 .8 6

7 .6 3 -

8 .1 9

-

-

-

12
1

----------------------------------

219

7 .5 7

7 .6 7

6 .9 8 -

8 .1 1

8

13

9

8

34

--------------------------------------------

175

7 .5 8

7 .76

6 .9 8 -

7 .8 2

5

6

7

7

11
11

-----------------------------

1.688

8 .9 0

9 .1 0

9

27

8 .9 7

9 .1 0

9 .48
9 .48

_

1 .5 9 9

8 .4 4 8 .6 4 -

_

--------------------------------------------

-

-

-

27

------------------------

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

6
6
-

-

9

19

31

32

117

2

26

7

32

106

“

7

3
16

55
32

12

2

-

5

23

5

-

11

%

s

S

9 . 6 0 1 0 .0010 . 4 0 1 0 . 8 0

over

1

16

4

22

“

29

51

84

39

81
3

49
46

128

22

75

3

53

3

3

50

5

7

9

34

2

1

32

4

31

4

22
22

7

1

52

-

-

52
-

-

5

7

-

-

-

-

-

14

81

54

45

14
-

81
-

54
-

38

-

-

-

-

-

28

-

3

-

-

1

-

-

28

-

-

6b

72

154

67

66

154

248
248

2

7

3

“

6

53

67

115

35

161

59

111

157
149

12b

27

107

34

26

8

4

3

4

21
20

161
-

24

6
6

-

14

45

5

11

45

12
6

-

6

6
6

34

49
48

75
14

50

5
4

56

34

49

52

1
1

1

24

24
24

15

32

15

4

-

28

-

-

“

28

“

“

6
6

13

_

_

40

48

98

59

5

85

64

81

88

158

134

62

87

258

57

78

39

106

4

40

48

97

58

5

78

58

79

85

149

127

62

87

25b

57

78

39

106

------------------------------------------

492

8 .3 8

8 .3 7

8 .0 9 -

8 .8 5

_

22

7

_

16

13

14

141

8 .18

8 .0 9 -

8 .85

-

5

3

118

7 .3 8 -

4

-

-

5

-

23

-*

8 .6 1

8 .0 7 -

8.66
8.66

-

141

8.66
8.66

2
11

14

8 .3 4

6
10

-

172

7
-

1
1

15

8 .4 0

12
12

5

320

10
6

5

--------------------------------------------

“

3

"

10

8

---------------------------

919

8.22

33

8 .2 7

2
1

37

873

5
4

3

--------------------------------------------

3

26

33

6
6

35
29

31

-------

156

-

126

11
11

35

--------------------------------------------

12
8

-------------------

1.211

--------------------------------------------

1 .0 9 3

7 .5 5

118
1 12

6 .2 9

7 .25
6 .3 9

6 .1 7 -.

6 .5 5

30

18

58

6 .3 7

6 .4 6

6 .1 7 -

6 .55

5

30

18

58

UOHKERS

HELPERS

--------------------------------------------------------------------

8.20
8.20

7 .7 9 -

8 .72

7 .8 6 -

8 .72

7 .3 0

7 .09

6 .7 9 -

7 .63

-

7 .2 4

6.86

6 .7 0 -

7 .43

“

7 .4 2

7 .2 5

6 .9 8 -

7 .7 2

19

7 .0 2 -

7 .92

8
ii

30
-

3

27

2

26

22

58
-

4

31

1 01

35

_

28

11

33

35

-

28

20
20

-

-

66
65

”

38
35

56

76

200

44

79

135

28

3

36

_

37

75

199

4 4

79

13a

28

2

36

-

11
11

16

10

-

6

2

-

“

“

10
10

1

15

-

-

6
6

209

49

165

35

98

38

40

2b

209

49

165

35

98

38

40

10
10

-

2
2

-

44
44

6
6
-

32

56

194

55

194

110
110

10
10

67

36

9

67

36

9

-

323

7 .67

7 .1 2

6 .8 2 -

8 .67

-

_

57

-

323

7 .6 7

7 .1 2

6 .8 2 -

8 .67

-

“

57

-

-------------------------------------

538

8 .1 9

8 .0 6

7 .3 4 -

9 .5 0

-

-

-

-

45

-

130

30

-

47

42

5 38

8 .1 9

8 .0 6

7 .0 4 -

9 .50

-

~

-

-

45

-

130

30

28
28

18

--------------------------------------------

18

~

47

42

407

8 .1 7

13

-

-

-

5

5

67

-

-

4

5

8 .3 1

7 .3 8 -

8 .79

19

203

8 .3 4

8.66

7 .4 8 -

9 .05

17

3

-------------------------------------

----------------------------------

204

7 .9 9

8 .3 1

7 .3 8 -

8 .39

2

10

B O IL E R
T E N D E R S ------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------

134

7 .3 2

7 .4 8

6 .7 8 -

7 .77

_

-

126

7 .3 6

7 .4 8

7 .0 6 -

7 .83

--------------------------------------------

NONM ANUFACTURING

“

8
8

5

27

9

79

14

-

20

2

5

7

9

62

17

9

24

9

12
12

30

17

8

18

S e e fo o tn o te s at en d o f ta b le s .




16

12
55

30

24

1

18

17

30

16

30

_
-

_
-

18

_

_

_

4

-

-

-

4

2
2

-

-

26

16

-

-

-

2b

10
10

-

28

8
8

-

16

-

-

28

-

6
6

20
20

6
6

18

4

-

-

18

4

8
8

-

163

15

-

163

15

10
10

-

-

8
8

16

8
8

8
8

-

-

1
1

--------------------------------------------

(TO O LR O O M )

1
-

28

4

8 .94

4

-

26

8 .94

7 .4 3 -

4

-

26

7 .4 3 -

17

7

26

100
100

8.20

5

3
-

-

8 .2 3

i

7
-

20
20

8.22

19

33

2
2

8 .2 3

--------------------------------

11
8

06
86

1 .7 2 9

-------------------------------------

7
-

665
665

1 .6 8 9

(M A C H IN E R Y )

5
-

8
8

-

E N G IN EE R S

M AN U FA CTU R ING

10
10
-

8
2
6

--------------------------------------------

MAKERS

M AN U FA CTU R ING

6 .8 0

53

--------------------------------

OPERATORS

M AN U FA CTU R ING

6 .6 0

2

U T IL IT IE S

M A C H IN E -T O O L

6 .4 0

2

N O NM ANUFACTURING
P U B L IC

' %

and

8 .4 5
8 .59

TRADES

M AN U FA CTU R ING

$

under

8 .18

SH E E T-M ETAL

M AINTENANC E

9 .40

7 .0 9 -

P IP E F IT T E R S

M AN U FA CTU R ING

9 .20

7 .5 3

U T IL IT IE S

M AINTENANC E

9 .0 0

7 .8 9

-------------------------------------

NONM AN U FACTU R ING

M A N U FA CTU R ING

8 .8 0

$

m e c h a n ic s

M AINTENA NC E

8 .6 0

98

V E H IC L E S )

P U B LIC

8 .4 0

7 .5 3 7 .6 3 -

M E CH AN ICS

M AN U FA CTU R ING

M AN U FA CTU R ING

8.20

$

M A C H IN IS T S

M AN U FA CTU R ING

(M OTOR

8.00

8 .0 5

PA IN T E R S

M AINTENA NC E

7 .8 0

$

U T IL IT IE S

M AINTENANC E

7 .6 0

8 .05

N O NM ANUFACTURING

M AINTENANC E

7 .4 0

8.10

E L E C T R IC IA N S

m a n u f a c t u r in g

M AINTENA NC E

7 .2 0

8 .1 7

U T IL IT IE S

P U B LIC

7 .0 0

<*37
3 39

-----------------------------

--------------------------------------------

N O NM ANUFACTURING

M AINTENANC E

6 .8 0

UORKERS

CARPENTERS

P U B L IC

$

6 .6 0

6.20

Mean 2

Under

6.00

M AINTENA NC E

$

6 .4 0

6.00

O ccu p a tio n and in d u s try d iv is io n
workers

5

6.20

$

Number

23

-

8
8

17

2b
2

-

2

“

8
8

81

17

30

17

-

51

-

16

16

-

-

16

-

-

-

-

-

Table A-12. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers—large establishments
in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1978
Hourly earnings 4

O c c u p a tio n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

N um ber

of w ork ers

rec e iv in g

stra igh t-tim e

h o u rly

earn in g s

of—

s
Me di an2

Middle range 2

s

s

s

s

$

S

s

s

5

%

s

%

*

s

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .9 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

9 .00

9 .2 0

9 .9 0

9 .8 0

s
5 .6 0

%

2 .8 0

$
5 .20

*

2 .6 0
Mean 2

s

6 .0 0

6 .9 0

6 .8 0

7 .2 0

7 .6 0

8 . 00

8 .9 0

8 .8 0

9 .2 0

9 .6 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .9 0

3 .6 0

3 .6 0

9 .0 0

9 .20

4 .4 0

9 .8 0

5 .2 0

5 .60

6 .0 0

6 .9 0

6*80

7 .2 0

7 .6 0

6 .0 0

8 . 90

8 • dO

9 .2 0

9 .6 0

over

1 ---------1 ---------“ i -------

and

and

under
2 .80

ALL
TRUCKJR IV E R S

workers
1 . 5 06

$
8 .1 2

$
8 .6 1

$
7 .2 0 -

$
9 .3 9

4

3

6

7 1

172

168

82

56

963

-

380

7 26

8 .9 1

9 .3 9

7 .3 9 -

9 .3 9

4

1

5

7
-

92

----------------------------------

21

30

19

196

58

56

6

-

380

---------------------------

778

7 .8 6

8 .6 1

6 .9 9 -

8 .61

2

1

7

71

91

153

22

29

957

-

222

-

--------------------------------------------

M ANUFACTURING

n o h m a n u f a c t u r in g

6 .1 o-

7 .7 0

6

71

1 1

5

59

68

2

-

103

7 .0 1
6 .5 9

7 .39

---------------------------

6 .1 6

6 .1 6 -

7 .0 8

6

63

5

5

“

29

“

T R U C K O R IV ER S t
HE AVY TRUCK
(T R A IL E R !
--------------------------------------------

M E D IU M

NO NM ANUFACTURING

TRUCk

—

250

8 .0 3

8 .4 5

7 .3 1 -

8 .6 1

2

38

21

5

----------------------------------

83

7 .9 1

8 .2 2

7 .7 7 -

8 .2 3

-

19

9

3

-------------------------------------

102

6 .5 5

6 .9 8

5 .6 0 -

7 .9 7

----------------------------------

89

6 .6 8

6 .6 8

6 .0 7 -

7 .97

CLERKS

----------------------------------

168

5 .6 3

5 .6 5

9 .9 8 -

6 .6 9

M ANUFACTURING

----------------------------------

86

6 .9 5

6 .36

6 .0 7 -

6 .8 8

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------

M ANUFACTURING
S H IP P IN G

CLERKS

M ANUFACTURING
R E C E IV IN G

R E TA IL

5

9

9 .7 7

9 .98

3 .8 9 -

5 .2 3

-

5

9 .9 8

3 .0 8 -

9 .9 8

-

5

9

--------------------------------------------

282

6 .9 5

6 .1 8

------------------------------------------

175

5 .2 1

207

5 .7 9

5 .8 0

156

5 .8 8

5 .80

----------

1 .9 2 5

6 .1 8

5 .89

----------------------------------

99o

6 .7 2

6 .37

927

4 .9 3

9 .7 0

9 .1 1 -

5 .7 6

-

-

_

7

9

9 .6 2

S H IP P IN G
PACKERS
M ANUFACTURING
M ATERIAL

-

77

F IL L E R S

-------------------------------------------------------------------

H A N D L IN G

M ANUFACTURING

LABORERS

128
6

_

_

2

-

“

2

-

-

2

6

8

6

21

19

2

25

1

4

9

-

4

-

2

1

6

2

21

19

2

29

1

4

8

-

_

_

_

2

9 1

16

1 1

30

21

10

12

2

-

3

_

-

82

o
CO

ORDER

54
54

“

-

7

3

30

20

10

11

2

-

1
-

-

1
-

-

_

-

1

-

_

1

~

1

“

1

4
-

T K A O E --------------------------------

WAREHOUSEMEN

_
-

“

—

TR U CK D R IV ER S.

2
2
“

-

7
6

-

-

-

2

38

9

8

-

-

2

38

9

7

1

-

-

5 .8 9 -

6 .8 8

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

-

3

6

2

108

67

13

20

9

5

4

93

-

-

-

4 .0 9 -

6 .6 2

-

-

-

-

-

-

56

-

31

29

-

7

-

52

2

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

5 .3 9 5 .3 4 -

6 .0 0
5 .9 0

1

66

52

6

6

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

66

52

6

25
9

17

-

17

6

-

“

-

5 .3 9 -

7 .31

9

_

60

5 .3 6 -

7 .5 0
9

-

39

-

12

3

1

12

9

69

25

99

282

153

183

89

63

192

33

22

88

44

28

4

16

-

277

63

166

8o

36

135

12

3

1

12

9

64

25

83

60

5

90

17

3

7

33
-

22
-

da
-

44
-

28
-

4
-

----------------------

83

6 ,2 5

5 .8 6

5 .6 5 -

6 .81

1

93

2

3

27
27

7

-

-

-

------------------------------

1 1 120

6 .8 0

6 .7 2

5 .7 8 -

7 .58

17

10

78

216

205

69

1 19

220

89

48

10

8

6

30

----------------------------------

1 .0 9 0

6 .8 0

6 .77

5 .7 8 -

7 .5 8

17

10

78

216

205

39

119

220

89

48

10

8

6

30

POW ER-TRU CK O PE RA TO R S
(O TH E R
T H A N F O R K L I F T ) -------------------------------------

N O NM ANUFACTURING
P U B L IC
FO RK LIFT

---------------------------

U T IL IT IE S

OPERATORS

M ANUFACTURING

-

656

7 .8 0

8 .1 4

7 .1 0 -

0 .1 9

8

8

23

89

3

93

12

30

371

10

6

24

34

-----------------------------------

695

7 .8 1

8 .1 4

7 .2 0 -

8 .1 9

8

8

23

89

3

32

12

30

371

10

6

24

34

G U A R D S A N D W A T C H M E N --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------

1 .55 8

5 .21

2 .6 5 -

7 .1 3

312

26

2

-

_

-

-

7 .1 3

6 .1 7 -

7 .2 9
1

62
59

195

807

5 .0 8
6 .6 9

195

312

26

“

-

”

”

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

M ANUFACTURING

g u a r d s

502

5
”

15
4

16

5

8

20

151

109

20

82

~

36
4

16

25

108

10

95

:

m a n u f a c t u r in g

J A N IT O R S .

-----------------------------------

M ANUFACTURING

6 .7 5

7 .1 3

6 .5 6 -

7 .2 9

-

-

-

6

-

2*809

6 .5 9

32

5

75

257

5 .5 1 -

6 .5 9

20

18
-

20

1 .3 6 9

5 .0 0
6 .5 9

9 .3 7 -

----------------------------------

5 .2 3
5 .9 9

5

1

9

N O NM ANUFACTURING

and

---------------------------

P U B L IC
U T I L I T I E S ----------------------S E R V I C E S ------------------------------------------

S e e fo o tn o te s

-

761

CLEANERS

PORTERS,

1 .99 0

9 .5 1

9 . 37

3 .7 5 -

9 .9 3

259

5 .5 1

5 .6 3

9 .8 6

5 .9 5
5 .0 0

5 .2 6 -

111

5 .0 0 -

5 .3 6

12

-

5

-

18

-

15

-

79

-

20

at end o f t a b le s .




24

253

-

-

-

21

96

10

95

50

195

312

26

19
-

10

36 0

219

387

180

1 17

31

6

33

82

262

102

52
39

617

-

409
89

583

117

31

6

-

-

-

-

-

327

325

137

125

78

13

39

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

20

26

100

59

13

39

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

46

21

17

14

10

-

-

Table A-13. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement
and custodial workers, by sex—large establishments in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1978
Sex,

o c c u p a t io n , and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

M AIN TEN A N C ES
POWERPLANT
M AINTENANC E

TOOLROOM,

O C CU PATIO NS

Average
(mean2 )
hourly
earnings

Se x,

AND
-

o c c u p a tio n , and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

M AINTE NA N C E ,

TOOLROOM,
O C C U PATIO N S

----------------------------

437

-------------------------------------------

339

8 .1 7

98

7 .89

-------------------------------

53

M A I N T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N S -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------

A vera ge
( mean2 )
hourly
earnings4

NONM AN U FACTU R ING
P U B L IC

------------------------------------

U T IL IT IE S

8 .27
8 .2 9

165
119

7 .9 5

---------------------------------

219
175
1 ,68 6

AND

D IE

-------------------------

536

8 .1 9

--------------------------------

5 36

1 ,5 9 9
1 ,72 9

8 .2 2

-------------------------------------------

1*689

8 .2 3

PACKERS

----------------------

128

6 .0 4

M AN U FA CTU R ING

----------------------

105

6 .0 3

1 ,3 1 7

6 .3 0

S H IP P IN G

M ATE RIAL

H A N D L IN G

LABORERS

-----------------------

404

8 .1 7

M AN U FA CTU R ING

--------------------------------

203

8 .3 4

N O NM AN UFACTURING

-------------------------

201

7 .9 9

B O IL E R
T E N D E R S ------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

134

7 .3 2

126

7 .3 6

EN G IN EE R S

M AN U FA CTU R ING

965

----------------------

6 .7 5

8 .9 7

-

C U STO D IAL

CONTINU E D

8 .1 9

MAKERS

M AN U FA CTU R ING

8 .9 0

M AIN TEN A N C E

AND

MEN—

$
$

TOOL

7 .5 8

M A I N T E N A N C E M A C H I N I S T S ----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------

-

A vera ge
( mean2 )
hourly
earnings4

7 .57

-------------------------------------------

MOVEMENT

O C C U PATIO N S

Number
of
workers

8 . 16

-------------------------------

o c c u p a tio n , and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

M ATE RIAL

-

STA TIO N A R Y
1 ,2 9 4

S e x,

MEN— C O N T IN U E D

7 .5 3

1 ,4 5 9

Number
of
workers

AND

POWERPLANT

MEN
$
8 . 10

CARPENTERS

M A N U FA C TU R IN G

Number
of
workers

NONM AN U FACTU R ING
P U B LIC
M AINTENANC E

------------------------------------

U T IL IT IE S
PA IN TE R S

M A N U FA C TU R IN G

NO NM AN U FACTU R ING

M ATE RIAL

M E C H A N IC S

M AN U FA CTU R ING

(M A C H IN E R Y )

MOVEMENT

TRU C K D R IV ER S

(M OTOR

M AN U FACTU RING

M AN U FA CTU RING

492

8 .3 8

-------------------------------------------

320

8 .4 0

172

8 .6 1

--------------------------

919

8 .2 2

-------------------------------------------

673

------

156

7 .3 0

-------------------------------------------

126

7 .0 1
6 .5 9

g u a r d s

---------------------------

UORKERS

6.8 1
6 .8 1

6 56

7 .8 0

645

---------------------------

7 .8 1

1 ,4 8 4
785

5 .1 3
6 .6 4

:

103

J A N IT O R S ,

--------------------------------------------

742

6 .7 5

-------

2 ,0 6 1

5 .4 7

--------------------------------------------

1 ,1 6 8

6 .1 5

893

4 .5 8

PORTERS,

ANO

N O NB A N U FA C T U R IN G
250
83

8 .0 3
7 .9 1

------------------------------

99
86

---------------------------

155

5 .6 5

---------------------------

153

5 .7 4

311

3 .7 0

---------------------------------------------------

86

5 .0 4

TRADE

6 .7 0

CLERKS

-------------------------------

-----------------------------------------

U T IL IT IE S

R E TA IL

6 .5 6

---------------------------

CLEANERS

------------------------------------

P U B L IC

S E R V IC E S
CLERKS

M AN U FA CTU R ING

M A TE R IA L

MOVEMENT

O C C U PA TIO N S

76
79

4 .6 9

GUARDS

-------------------------------------

280

6 .4 7

J A N IT O R S ,

----------------------------------

158

5 .3 1

CU STO D IAL

WOMEN

4 .8 3

74

AND
-

6 .5 0

--------------------

-------------------------

1*210

7 .4 3

M AN U FA CTU R ING

1 ,09 3

7 .55

NONM ANUFACTURING

117

6 .3 1

112

6 .3 7

HELPERS

------------------------------------

U T IL IT IE S

-------------------------------

R E TA IL

TRADE

WAREHOUSEMEN
-

323
323

7 .67

(TO O LRO O M )

AND

WATC HM EN
PORTERS,

M AN U FACTU RING

7 .6 7

--------------------------------------------

OPERATORS

OROER

F IL L E R S

See fo o t n o t e s a t end o f ta b le s .




7 .8 6

222

TRUCK

-------------------------------------

M AN U FA CTU R ING

------------------

NONM AN U FACTU R ING

M A N U FA C TU R IN G

--------------------

HEAVY

-------------------------------------------

TRAOES

M A N U FA C TU R IN G

TRUCK

1,111

8 .4 1

775

6 .2 8

1 ,0 8 1

G U A R D S A N D W A T C H M E N -----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------

M AN U FA CTU R ING
T R U C K O R IV ER S ,

R E C E IV IN G

M A C H IN E -TO O L

728

7 .2 4

SH E E T-M ETAL

M A N U FA CTU R ING

M E D IU M

NONM ANUFACTURING

S H IP P IN G

P U B L IC

8 .1 3

8 .2 7

-------------------------------

P IP E F IT T E R S

M A N U FA CTU R ING

M AIN TEN A N C E

--------------------

1 ,5 0 3 '

8 .3 4

141

------------------------------------

U T IL IT IE S

T R U C K D R IV ER S ,

(T R A IL E R )

M AINTENA NC E

M AN U FA CTU R ING

5 .0 7

78

----------

F O R K LIFT
OPERATOR S
M ANUFACTURING

M AN U FACTU RING

-----------------------------------------

NONM AN U FACTU R ING

M AINTENA NC E

C U STO D IAL
MEN

---------------------------

352

---------------

U T IL IT IE S

POW ER-TRU CK O PERATO RS
(O TH E R
THAN F O R K L I F T )
------------------------------

M E CH AN ICS

V E H IC L E S )

P U B L IC

-

-------------------------------------

N O N B A N U FA C T U R IN G
M AIN TEN A N C E

AND

O C C U PATIO N S

P U B L IC

25

-----------------------------------AND

CLEANERS

------

--------------------------------------------

NO NM AN U FACTO R ING

------------------------------------

74

4 .2 4

748

4 .5 8

201

5 .0 5

547

4.40

Footnotes

1 Standard ho ur s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ich e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e
th eir reg u la r s tra igh t-tim e sa la rie s
( e x c l u s i v e o f pay f o r o v e r t i m e at
r e g u l a r and/or p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e
w e e k l y hours.
2 T h e m e a n is com p uted f o r e a c h job by to ta lin g the e a r n in g s o f a l l
w o r k e r s and d iv id in g by the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d i a n d e s ig n a te s
p o s itio n — h a lf o f the w o r k e r s r e c e i v e the s a m e o r m o r e and h a l f r e c e i v e
the s a m e o r l e s s than the r ate shown. T h e m i d d l e range is d e fin e d by tw o
rate s o f pay: a fo u r th o f the w o r k e r s e a r n the s a m e o r l e s s than the l o w e r
o f th e s e r a te s and a fo u r th e a r n the s a m e o r m o r e than the h i g h e r ra te .




3 E arnin gs data r e l a te o n ly to w o r k e r s w h o s e s e x i d e n t i f i c a t i o n was
p r o v i d e d b y the e s ta b lis h m en t.
4 E xclud es p r e m i u m pay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
h o l i d a y s , and late shifts.
5 E s t i m a t e s f o r p e r i o d s ending p r i o r to 1976 r e l a t e to m e n on ly f o r
s k i l l e d m ainte n ance and un sk ille d plant w o r k e r s . A l l o t h e r e s t i m a t e s r e l a t e
to m e n and wo men.
6 Data do not m e e t p u b li c ation c r i t e r i a o r data not a v a i l a b l e .

26

Appendix A.
Scope and Method
of Survey
O c c up ation s and e a r n in g s

In each o f th e 75 1 a r e a s c u r r e n t l y s u r v e y e d , the B u re a u obtains
w a g e s and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s data f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s ta b l i s h m e n ts w it h in
s i x b r o a d i n d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s :
M a n u fa ctu rin g; tr a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n ,
and o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e ,
and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s .
G o v e r n m e n t o p e r a tio n s and th e c on s t ru c tio n
and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s a r e e x clu d ed .
E s ta b lis h m e n ts ha vin g f e w e r than
a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e als o e xclu d ed b e ca u s e o f i n s u ffic ie n t
e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a tio n s studied.
A p p e n d ix ta ble 1 shows the n u m b er
o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s e s ti m a te d to be within the scop e o f th is
s u r v e y , as w e l l as the n u m b e r a c tu a lly studied.

O ccup ation s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f m a n u f a c ­
tu r in g and n onm anu fa cturin g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the f o l l o w i n g ty p e s :
(1)
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l; (3) m ain te n an c e , t o o l r o o m ,
and p o w e r p la n t; and (4) m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and cu s tod ial.
Occupational
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n i f o r m set o f jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s d e sig n e d to take
account o f in t e r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in duties w ith in the s a m e job.
O c c u p atio n s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in appendix B.
U n les s o t h e r w i s e in d ic ate d , the e a r n in g s data f o l l o w i n g the job
t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d .
E a r n in g s data f o r s o m e o f the
oc c u p atio n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e ind us try d i v i s i o n s within the
s c o p e o f the s u r v e y , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s because
e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in th e oc c up atio n is to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e enough data
to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f individual
e s ta b lis h m e n t data.
S e p a r a te m e n ' s and w o m e n ' s e a r n in g s data a r e not
p r e s e n t e d when the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s not i d e n t i f i e d by s e x is 20 p e rc e n t
o r m o r e o f the m en o r w o m e n i d e n tifie d in an occup ation.
E a r n in g s data
not shown s e p a r a t e l y f o r ind ustry d i v i s i o n s a r e included in data f o r a ll
in d u s tr i e s c o m b in e d . ' L i k e w i s e , f o r occup ations w ith m o r e than one l e v e l ,
data a r e inclu ded in the o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n wh en a s u b c la s s if ic a tio n is
not shown o r i n f o r m a t i o n to s u b c l a s s i f y is not a v a i l a b l e .

B u r e a u f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s obtain data by p e r s o n a l v i s i t s at
3 -y e a r in terv a ls .
In eac h o f th e tw o in t e r v e n i n g y e a r s , i n f o r m a t i o n on
e m p l o y m e n t and o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n in g s on ly is c o l l e c t e d by a c om b in atio n o f
p e r s o n a l v i s i t , m a i l q u e s t i o n n a i r e , and te le p h on e i n t e r v i e w f r o m e s t a b l i s h ­
m en ts p a r t i c i p a t i n g in th e p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .
A s a m p l e o f th e e s ta b l i s h m e n ts in the scop e o f the s u r v e y is
s e l e c t e d f o r study p r i o r to e a c h p e r s o n a l v i s i t s u r v e y .
This sam ple, less
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h i c h go out o f b u s in e s s o r a r e no lo n g e r w ith in th e i n d u s tr ia l
s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y , is r e t a i n e d f o r the f o l l o w i n g two annual s u r v e y s .
In
m o s t c a s e s , e s t a b l i s h m e n t s n e w to the a r e a a r e not c o n s i d e r e d in the scop e
o f th e s u r v e y u n til th e s e l e c t i o n o f a s a m p le f o r a p e r s o n a l v i s i t s u r v e y .
T h e s a m p l i n g p r o c e d u r e s i n v o l v e d e ta ile d s t r a t i f i c a t i o n o f a l l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f an in div id ual a r e a s u r v e y by in d u s try
and n u m b e r o f e m p l o y e e s . F r o m th is s t r a t i f i e d u n i v e r s e a p r o b a b i l i t y s a m p le
is s e l e c t e d , w ith each e s t a b l i s h m e n t ha vin g a p r e d e t e r m i n e d chance o f
selection.
T o ob ta in o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o ­
p o r t i o n o f l a r g e than s m a l l e s t a b lis h m e n ts is s e l e c t e d .
W hen data a r e
c o m b i n e d , e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t is w e ig h te d a c c o r d i n g to its p r o b a b i l i t y o f
s e l e c t i o n s o that u n b ia s e d e s t i m a t e s a r e g e n e ra t e d .
F o r e x a m p l e , i f one
out o f f o u r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d , it is g iv e n a w e ig h t o f 4 to r e p r e s e n t
i t s e l f plus t h r e e o t h e r s .
A n a l t e r n a t e o f the s a m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y is
c h o s e n in th e s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i f data a r e not a v a i l a b l e
f r o m th e o r i g i n a l s a m p l e m e m b e r .
I f no suitable sub stitute is a v a i l a b l e ,
a d d i ti o n a l w e i g h t is a s s i g n e d to a s a m p le m e m b e r that is s i m i l a r to the
m i s s i n g unit.

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s data a r e shown f o r f u l l - t i m e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y schedule.
E arn in g s
data e x c lu d e p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , ho lid a ys ,
and l a te s h if ts .
N on p r od u c tio n b on uses a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a l l o w a n c e s and i n c e n t iv e bon uses a r e included.
W e e k l y hours f o r o f f i c e
c l e r i c a l and p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l oc c u p atio n s r e f e r to the standa rd
w o r k w e e k (r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf hour) f o r w h ich e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e
r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p ay f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r
and/or p r e m i u m r a t e s ) .
A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n in g s f o r th e s e occupations a r e
roun ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o l l a r .
V e r t i c a l l i n e s within the d istrib utio n o f
w o r k e r s on s o m e A - t a b l e s in d ic a te a chan ge in the s i z e o f th e c la s s in t e r v a l s .
T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s in an a r e a
at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e .
C o m p a r i s o n s o f ind iv id u al oc c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
t i m e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c te d w a g e c h an ges. T h e a v e r a g e s for individual jobs
a r e a f f e c t e d by chan ges in w a g e s and e m p l o y m e n t p a tte r n s .
F o r e x a m p le ,
p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y h ig h - o r l o w - w a g e f i r m s m a y chan ge, o r
h i g h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y ad v an c e to b e t t e r jo b s and be r e p l a c e d by new
w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a t e s .
Such shifts in e m p l o y m e n t could d e c r e a s e an o c c u ­
p a tio n a l a v e r a g e e v e n though m o s t e s t a b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s

1 Included in the 75 areas are 5 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are
Akron, Ohio; Birmingham, A la.; Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, V a.—N .C .;
Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N .Y .; and Utica—Rome, N .Y . In addition, the Bureau conducts more
lim ited area studies in approximately 100 areas at the request of the Employment Standards Administration of
the U. S. Department of Labor.




27

during th e y e a r .
C h an ge s in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , shown in ta b le
A - 7 , a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e tr e n d s than a r e e a r n in g s c han ges f o r
ind iv id u al jo b s w ith in th e g r o u p s .

E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g
C om pu te r s y s te m s
an a ly s ts , c l a s s e s
A , B, and C
C om pu ter p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C
C om pu te r o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B, and C

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in a l l e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n ts w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e study and not th e n u m b e r a c t u a l l y s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o c c u p a tio n a l s t r u c t u r e s am on g e s ta b l i s h m e n ts d i f f e r , e s t i m a t e s o f
oc c u p atio n al e m p l o y m e n t ob ta in ed f r o m the s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s studied
s e r v e o n ly t o i n d ic a te th e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f th e jo b s studied.
These
d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y
o f the e a r n in g s data.

U n s k i l l e d plant

R e g i s t e r e d in d u s tr ia l
nu rs e s

A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o ccup atio ns
should not be a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y o f th e s e x e s within
ind iv id u al e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
F a c t o r s w h ic h m a y c on trib u te to d i f f e r e n c e s
include p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a te r a n g e s (o n l y th e r a t e s p aid
incum bents a r e c o l l e c t e d ) and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c duties w ith in the
g e n e r a l s u r v e y jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s . Job d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d to c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s
in th e s e s u r v e y s u s u a lly a r e m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d than t h o s e used in ind iv id u al
e s t a b lis h m e n ts and a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s am on g e s ta b l i s h m e n ts in
s p e c i f i c duties p e r f o r m e d .

C arpenters
E lectricia n s
P ain ters
M achin ists
M ech a n ics (m ach in ery)
M ech anics (m o to r vehicle)
P ip efitters
T o o l and d ie m a k e r s

In d u s tr ia l nu rs e s

A v e r a g e e a r n i n g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w i d e e s t i m a t e s . I n d u s tr ie s
and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and job s ta f f i n g , and thus c on trib u te
d i f f e r e n t l y to th e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h jo b .
P a y a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l am on g jo b s in in d iv id u a l e s ta b l i s h m e n ts .

S k ille d m ain te n a n c e

J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and
cleaners
M a t e r i a l handling l a b o r e r s

P e r c e n t changes f o r in d iv id u a l a r e a s in the p r o g r a m
as f o l l o w s :

a r e com p uted

1.

A v e r a g e e arnings a r e c o m p u te d f o r eac h oc c u p atio n f o r
the 2 y e a r s being c o m p a r e d .
The avera ge s a re d erived
f r o m e arn in g s in th o s e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ic h a r e in
the s u r v e y both y e a r s ; it is a s s u m e d that e m p l o y m e n t
r e m a in s unchanged.

2.

Eac h occupation is a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d on its p r o ­
p o r tio n a te e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p in the
base y e a r .

3.

T h e s e w e ig h ts a r e u s e d to c o m p u te g ro u p a v e r a g e s .
E^.ch o c c u p a tio n 's a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s (c o m p u t e d in ste p 1)
is m u lti p l i e d by its w e i g h t .
T h e p r o d u c ts a r e t o t a l e d to
obtain a g ro u p a v e r a g e .

4.

The r a tio o f gro up a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s is
computed by d iv idin g the a v e r a g e for th e c u r r e n t y e a r by
the a v e r a g e for the e a r l i e r y e a r . T h e r e s u l t — e x p r e s s e d
as a p e r c e n t— l e s s 100 is th e p e r c e n t change.

W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l gro u p s
T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s p r e s e n t e d in ta b l e A - 7 a r e b a s e d on changes
in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f m e n and w o m e n in e s ta b l i s h m e n ts r e p o r t i n g the
tr e n d jo b s in both the c u r r e n t and p r e v i o u s y e a r ( m a tc h e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ) .
T h e data a r e adjuste d to r e m o v e the e f f e c t s on a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f e m p l o y ­
ment s hifts am on g e s ta b l i s h m e n ts and t u r n o v e r o f e s ta b l i s h m e n ts included
in s u r v e y s a m p l e s .
T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a r e s t i l l a f f e c t e d by
f a c t o r s o t h e r than w a g e i n c r e a s e s .
H i r i n g s , l a y o f f s , and t u r n o v e r m a y a f f e c t
an e s ta b lis h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an oc c u p atio n when w o r k e r s a r e paid under
plans p r o v i d i n g a r a n g e o f w a g e r a t e s f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s .
In p e r i o d s o f
i n c r e a s e d h i r i n g , f o r e x a m p l e , n e w e m p l o y e e s m a y e n te r at th e b o tt o m o f
the r a n g e , d e p r e s s i n g the a v e r a g e with out a chan ge in w a g e r a t e s .
T h e p e r c e n t changes r e l a t e to w a g e changes b e tw e e n th e in d ic ate d
dates.
W hen the t i m e span b e tw e e n s u r v e y s is ot h e r than 12 m onths, annual
ra te s a r e shown.
(I t is a s s u m e d that w a g e s i n c r e a s e at a constant r a te
betw een s u r v e y s . )
O ccup ation s used to com p ute w a g e t r e n d s a r e :
O ffic e c le r ic a l

O f f i c e c l e r i c a l — Continued

S ecretaries
Stenographers, g en eral
S ten ogra ph ers, senior
T yp ists, classes A
and B
F ile c le rk s , classes A ,
B , and C
M essengers
S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s

O rder clerk s,
c l a s s e s A and B
A c c o u n tin g c l e r k s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
B ookkeepin g-m ach in e
o p e r a to r s , class B
P a y r o ll clerk s
K e y entry o p e r a to r s ,
c l a s s e s A and B

F o r a m o r e d e ta ile d d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e m e t h o d used to c om p u te th e s e
w a g e t r e n d s , s e e " I m p r o v i n g A r e a W a g e S u r v e y I n d e x e s , " M o n th l y L a b o r
R e v i e w , January 1973, pp. 52-57.




E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s
Tabulations on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y
w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) a r e not p r e s e n t e d in th is b u lle tin .
In fo r­
m a tio n f o r th es e tabulations is c o l l e c t e d at 3 - y e a r i n t e r v a l s .
These tabu­
latio n s on m in im u m entran ce s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; shift
d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u le d w e e k l y h o u rs and d ay s; p a id h o l i d a y s ; p a i d v a c a tio n s ;
and h e alt h, in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n plans a r e p r e s e n t e d (i n th e B - s e r i e s
ta b l e s ) in p r e v i o u s bulle tins f o r th is a r e a .

28

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
in Pittsburgh, P a .,1January 1978
M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s ta b lis h ­
m e n ts in scope
o f s tu d y

In d u s tr y d iv is io n 2

ALL
ALL

N um ber

P e rc e n t

S tu d ie d

-------------------------------------------------------------------

_

9 96

243

3 8 5 .5 6 8

100

2 1 3 .1 8 5

1 00

317
679

72
171

1 9 5 .8 9 1
1 8 9 .6 7 7

51
49

1 0 3 .7 3 5
1 0 9 .4 5 0

62
155
120
103
2 39

26
32
31
24
56

3 9 .7 8 0
1 7 .0 3 4
6 1 .0 4 1
2 7 .2 6 8
44 t 554

10
4
16
7
12

3 3 ,2 1 3
7 .0 5 7
3 3 .0 5 3
1 6 ,6 4 1
1 9 .4 8 6

----------------------------------------------------------------------

TRANSPORTATIO N.
OTHER

W ith in scope o f stu d y 4
S tu d ie d

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC

COMMUNICATION.

U T IL IT IE S 5

AND

---------------------------------------------

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------FINANCE.
INSURANCE.
A N D R E A L E S T A T E 6 --------------S E R V I C E S 7 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------UHOLESALE

W ith in scope
o f s tu d y J

ESTABLISHMENTS

DIVISIONS

MANUFACTURING

RETAIL

W o r k e rs in e s ta b lis h m e n ts

N u m b e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

TRADE

TRAOE

LARGE

-

1 00
SO

100
50

SO

ESTABLISHMENTS

-----------------------------------------------------------------

-

138

65

2 5 0 .0 2 3

100

1 8 1 .5 3 2

--------------------------------------------------------------------------NONhANUFACTURING
-------------------------------------------------------------------

500
-

69
69

36
49

1 4 0 .7 8 6
1 0 9 ,2 3 7

56
44

9 4 .5 4 0
8 6 .9 9 2

500
500
500
500
500

15
5
22
8
19

14
4
15
7
9

3 0 .6 3 0
3 .7 5 2
4 3 .0 8 4
1 5 .9 4 5
1 5 .8 2 6

12
2
17
6
6

3 0 ,1 0 8
3 .0 2 2
2 9 ,2 8 7
1 3 .7 6 9
1 0 ,8 0 6

ALL

D IVISIONS

MANUFACTURING

TRANSPORTATIO N.
OTHER

PUBLIC

UHOLESALE
R E TA IL

ANO

U T I L I T I E S 5 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

TRADE

TRAOE

FINANCE.

COMMUNICATION.

INSURANCE.

AND

REAL

ESTATE6

----------------

S E R V I C E S 7 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1 T h e P itts b u r g h S ta n d a rd M e tr o p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A re a , as d e fin e d b y
fin a n c e , a u to r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tio n p ic tu re th e a te r s a re c o n s id e re d as 1
th e O ffic e o f M a n a g e m e n t and B u d g e t th ro u g h F e b r u a r y 1974, c o n s is ts o f A lle g h e n y ,
e s ta b lis h m e n t.
B e a v e r, W a s h in g to n , and W e s tm o re la n d C o u n tie s . T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in scope o f
4 In c lu d e s a ll w o r k e r s in a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t ( w ith in th e
s tu d y " e s tim a te s s h o w n in th is ta b le p ro v id e a re a s o n a b ly a c c u ra te d e s c rip tio n o f
a re a ) a t o r ab ove th e m in im u m lim it a t io n .
th e s iz e and c o m p o s itio n o f th e la b o r fo rc e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y . E s tim a te s
5 A b b re v ia te d to "p u b lic u t i l it i e s " in th e A - s e r ie s ta b le s . T a x ic a b s and
a re n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r, fo r c o m p a ris o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s to
s e rv ic e s in c id e n ta l to w a te r tr a n s p o r ta tio n a re e x c lu d e d . P itts b u r g h 's lo c a l and
m e a s u re e m p lo y m e n t tr e n d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u rv e y s r e q u ir e s
s u b u rb a n t r a n s it o p e ra tio n s a re m u n ic ip a lly o w ne d and a re e x c lu d e d b y d e fin itio n
e s ta b lis h m e n t d a ta c o m p ile d c o n s id e ra b ly in advance o f th e p a y r o ll p e rio d s tu d ie d ,
fr o m th e scop e o f th e s u r v e y .
and (2 ) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a re e x c lu d e d f r o m th e scope o f th e s u rv e y .
6 A b b re v ia te d to "f in a n c e " in th e A - s e r ie s ta b le s .
T h e 1972 e d itio n o f th e S ta n d a rd In d u s tr ia l C la s s ific a tio n M a n u a l w a s
7 H o te ls and m o te ls ; la u n d r ie s and o th e r p e rs o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ;
u se d in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts b y in d u s try d iv is io n . H o w e v e r, a ll g o v e rn m e n t
a u to m o b ile r e p a ir , r e n ta l, and p a rk in g ; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e rs h ip
o p e ra tio n s a re e x c lu d e d fr o m th e scope o f th e s u rv e y .
o rg a n iz a tio n s (e x c lu d in g r e lig io u s and c h a rita b le o rg a n iz a tio n s ) ; and e n g in e e rin g and
3
In c lu d e s a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r ab ove th e m in im u a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .
m
lim it a t io n . A l l o u tle ts ( w ith in th e a re a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in in d u s tr ie s su c h as tr a d e ,




29

Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g job d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r the
B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s is to a s s i s t its f i e l d s ta f f in c l a s s i f y i n g into
a p p r o p r i a t e o ccup atio ns w o r k e r s who a r e e m p l o y e d un der a v a r i e t y of
p a y r o l l t i t l e s and d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s ta b lis h m e n t to
e s ta b lis h m en t and f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s th e g ro u p in g o f
o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e job content.
Because
o f this e m p h a s is on in t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t and i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f
oc c u p atio n al content, the B ureau 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y
f r o m t h o s e in us e in in d iv id u al e s t a b lis h m e n ts o r th o s e p r e p a r e d f o r
oth e r p u r p o s e s .
In ap p ly in g t h e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , the B u r e a u 's f i e l d
e c o n o m is ts a r e in s tr u c te d to e xc lu d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ;
and p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y ,
a n d probation ary w o rk e rs .
Handic apped
w o r k e r s w h o s e e a r n in g s a r e re d u c e d b e c a u s e o f t h e i r handicap a r e als o
excluded.
L e a r n e r s , b e g i n n e r s , and t r a i n e e s , u n les s s p e c i f i c a l l y included
in the job d e s c r i p t i o n , a r e exclu d ed .

Office
SECRETARY

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

A s s i g n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y to one in d iv id u a l. M a i n ­
ta in s a c l o s e and h i g h l y r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p to the d a y - t o - d a y w o r k o f the
su p ervisor.
W o r k s f a i r l y i n d e p e n d e n tly r e c e i v i n g a m i n i m u m o f d e t a i l e d
s u p e r v i s i o n and gu id an c e . P e r f o r m s v a r i e d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l duties,
u s u a l l y in c lu d in g m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g ;

M a y a ls o p e r f o r m ot h e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l tas k s o f c o m p a r a b l e
na tu re and d if fic u lty . T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w l e d g e o f o f f i c e routin e
and un dersta nd in g o f the o r g a n i z a t i o n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to
the w o r k o f the s u p e r v i s o r .

Exclusion s
a. R e c e i v e s te le p h o n e c a l l s , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and i n c o m i n g m a i l ,
a n s w e r s routin e i n q u i r i e s , and r ou te s t e c h n i c a l i n q u i r i e s to the p r o p e r
persons;
b.
c.
in s tr u c te d ;

E stab lish es,

m a in ta in s ,

and r e v i s e s the s u p e r v i s o r ' s f i l e s ;

M a in t a in s the s u p e r v i s o r ' s

c a l e n d a r and m a k e s a p p oin tm en ts as

N o t a l l p o s itio n s that a r e t i t l e d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the a b o v e c h a r ­
a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p l e s o f p o s itio n s w h ic h a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the d e fi n i t i o n a r e
as f o l l o w s :
a. P o s i t i o n s wh ich
d e s c r i b e d ab ove;
b.

d.

R elays m es s a g e s

from

s u p e r v i s o r to s u b o r d in a te s ;

e . R e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y
o t h e r s f o r the s u p e r v i s o r ' s s ig n a tu r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and t y p o g r a p h i c
accuracy;
f.

P erfo rm s




s te n o g r a p h i c and ty p in g w o r k .

sion al,

do n o t

m eet

the " p e r s o n a l "

secretary

S ten o g ra p h e rs not f u l l y t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l - t y p e

c. S t e n o g ra p h e rs s e r v i n g as o f f i c e
te c h n ica l, o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ;

concept

d utie s ;

a s s i s t a n t s to a g ro u p o f p r o f e s ­

d. S e c r e t a r y p o s itio n s in w h i c h the duties a r e e i t h e r s u b s ta n t ia lly
m o r e routine o r s u b s ta n tia lly m o r e c o m p l e x and r e s p o n s i b l e than th os e c h a r ­
a c t e r i z e d in the d e fin it io n ;

S E C R E T A R Y— Continued

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued
C lass C

E x c l u s i o n s — Contin ued

e.
A s s i s t a n t - t y p e p o s i t i o n s which i n v o l v e m o r e d i f fi c u l t o r m o r e
1. S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n whose r e s p o n ­
r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n i c a l , a d m i n i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , or s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l
s i b i l i t y is not e qu iv a le n t to one o f the s p e c i f i c l e v e l situations in the d efin ition
d u tie s w h ich a r e not t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o rk .
f o r c l a s s B, but w h os e o r g a n i z a t i o n a l unit n o r m a l l y n u m b e rs at le as t s e v e r a l
d o z e n e m p l o y e e s and is u s u a lly d i v i d e d into o r g a n i z a t i o n a l segm e n ts which a r e
often , in turn, f u r th e r s ubdivided.
In s om e c o m p a n i e s , this l e v e l inclu des a
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " used in the l e v e l d e fin itio n s
w id e ran g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , only one o r two; or
f o l l o w i n g , r e f e r s to t h o s e o f f i c i a l s who ha ve a s ign if ica n t c o r p o r a t e w i d e
p o l i c y m a k i n g r o l e w ith r e g a r d to m a j o r c om p a n y a c t i v i t i e s .
The title "v ic e
2. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an i n d iv id u a l plant, f a c t o r y , etc. ( o r
p r e s i d e n t , " though n o r m a l l y i n d i c a t i v e o f this r o l e , d oe s not in a l l c a s e s
ot h e r e qu iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a ll, f e w e r than 5,000
i d e n t i f y such p o s i t i o n s .
V i c e p r e s i d e n t s wh ose p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to
persons.
a c t p e r s o n a l l y on i n d i v i d u a l c a s e s o r tr a n s a c tio n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r deny
i n d i v i d u a l loan o r c r e d i t a c tio n s ; a d m i n i s t e r in d iv id u al tr u s t accoun ts ; d i r e c t l y
C lass D
s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s ta ff) a r e not c o n s i d e r e d to be " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r
1. S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v i s o r o r head o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l unit
p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g the f o l l o w i n g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
( e . g . , f e w e r than about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r
C lass A
1. S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a i r m a n o f the b oard o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y
that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5 ,000 p e r s o n s ; o r

2. S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l
e m p l o y e e , a d m i n i s t r a t i v e o f f i c e r , o r a s s is ta n t, s k i l l e d te chn icia n, o r e xp e rt.
(N O T E :
M any c o m p a n i e s a s s i g n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r than s e c r e t a r i e s as
d e s c r i b e d a b ov e , to th is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r . )
STENOGRAPHER

2. S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o t h e r than the c h a i r m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in all, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but f e w e r
than 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to the head , i m m e d i a t e l y b e lo w the c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r
l e v e l , o f a m a j o r s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y of a com pany that e m p l o y s , in a ll,
o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

C lass B

P r i m a r y duty is to take d ic ta tio n using shorthand, and to t r a n s c r i b e
the d ic ta tio n .
M a y a ls o ty pe f r o m w r i t t e n cop y.
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s te no­
g r a p h i c poo l.
M ay occa sion a lly tra n s c rib e fro m vo ice recordings (if p rim a ry
duty is t r a n s c r i b i n g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s , s ee T r a n s c r i b i n g - M a c h i n e T y p i s t ) .
N O T E : T h i s jo b is d is tin g u is h e d f r o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a l l y w o r k s in a c o n fi d e n t i a l r e l a t i o n s h i p with on ly one m a n a g e r
o r e x e c u t i v e and p e r f o r m s m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e and d i s c r e t i o n a r y tasks as
d e s c r i b e d in the s e c r e t a r y job d e fin itio n .

1. S e c r e t a r y to the c h a i r m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y
th at e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r than the c h a i r m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in all, o v e r 100 but f e w e r
than 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to the head, i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the o f f i c e r l e v e l , o v e r
e i t h e r a m a j o r c o r p o r a t i o n w i d e fu n c tio n al a c t i v i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h ,
o p e r a t i o n s , i n d u s t r i a l r e l a t i o n s , e t c . ) o r a m a j o r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a j o r d i v i s i o n ) o f a c om p an y that
e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 but f e w e r than 25,0 00 e m p l o y e e s ; o r
4. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an in d iv id u al plant, f a c t o r y , e tc . ( o r
o t h e r e q u i v a l e n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 ,00 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
5. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f a l a r g e and im p o rt a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m i d d l e m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t
o f t e n i n v o l v i n g as m a n y as s e v e r a l hundred p e r s o n s ) o r a c om p an y that
e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .




S t e n o g ra p h e r, G e n e r a l

k e ep

D ic ta tio n i n v o l v e s a n o r m a l routin e v o c a b u l a r y .
M a y mainta in f i l e s ,
s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m ot h e r r e l a t i v e l y routine c l e r i c a l task s.
S t e n o g ra p h e r, S e n io r

D ic ta tio n i n v o l v e s a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l d r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y such
as in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h .
M a y als o set up and
m a in ta in f i l e s , k e ep r e c o r d s , e tc .
OR
P e r f o r m s s te n o g r a p h ic duties r e q u i r i n g s i g n i f i c a n t l y g r e a t e r i n d e ­
p end ence and r e s p o n s i b i l i t y than s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l , as e v id e n c e d by the
follo w in g:
W o r k r e q u i r e s a high d e g r e e o f s te n o g r a p h ic sp eed and a c c u r a c y ;
a th orough w o r k i n g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s and o f f i c e p r o c e d u r e ; and
o f the s p e c i f i c b u s in e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t i o n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k f l o w , e tc .
U s e s th is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s teno grap hic duties and
r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l ta s k s such as m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d a , and l e t t e r s ; c o m p o s i n g s i m p l e l e t t e r s
f r o m g e n e r a l in s tr u c ti o n s ; r e a d in g and routin g in c o m i n g m a i l ; and a n s w e r in g
routin e q u e s tio n s , e tc .

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E T Y P IS T

MESSENGER

P r i m a r y duty is to ty p e c op y o f v o i c e r e c o r d e d d ic tatio n w h ic h does
not in v o l v e v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y such as that used in
l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h .
M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w r i t t e n
copy.
M a y m ain ta in f i l e s , k e ep s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y
routine c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
(S e e S te n o g r a p h e r d e fin itio n f o r w o r k e r s i n v o lv e d
with shorthand d ic tatio n .)

P e r f o r m s v a r io u s routine duties such as running e r r a n d s , o p e r a tin g
m i n o r o f f i c e m ac h in e s such as s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , opening and d is trib u t in g
m a i l , and other m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .
E x c l u d e p o s i t i o n s that r e q u i r e o p e r a ­
tio n o f a m o to r v e h i c l e as a s i g n i f i c a n t duty.

TYP IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s o r to m a k e
out b i l l s a f t e r c a lc u la tio n s h a v e been m a d e b y an oth er p e r s o n . M a y include
ty ping o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s f o r use in d up licating p r o c ­
esses.
M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k i n v o l v i n g l i t t l e s p e c i a l t r a i n i n g , such as
k e ep in g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f i l i n g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g and d is trib u t in g
incom in g m ail.
C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g ; T y p in g m a t e r i a l
in fi n a l f o r m wh en i t i n v o l v e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e llin g , s y l l a b i c a t i o n , punctuation, e tc ., o f t e c h ­
n i c a l o r unusual w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n gua ge m a t e r i a l ; o r planning lay ou t and
ty ping o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l ta b le s to m a in ta in u n i f o r m i t y and b alan ce in
spacing. M a y ty pe routine f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y i n g d e t a i l s to suit c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C lass B .
P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : C o p y ty p ing f r o m
rough o r c l e a r d r a ft s ; o r routine ty p in g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e tc .;
o r setting up s i m p l e standard tab ula tion s; o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p l e x ta b le s
a l r e a d y s et up and sp aced p r o p e r l y .

F IL E C LE R K
F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r i a l in an e s ta b l i s h e d f i l i n g
s y s t e m . M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and m anual tasks r e q u i r e d to m ain ta in f i l e s .
P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d into l e v e l s on the b a s i s o f the f o l l o w i n g d e fin itio n s .
C l a s s A . C l a s s i f i e s and i n d e x e s f i l e m a t e r i a l such as c o r r e s p o n d ­
ence, r e p o r t s , t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n ts , e tc . , in an e s t a b l i s h e d f i l i n g s y s t e m
con ta inin g a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d s u b je ct m a t t e r f i l e s .
M a y a ls o f i l e this
m ateria l.
M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s ty p es in con ju nction w ith the f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a l l g ro u p o f l o w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .
C l a s s B.
S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p l e
(s u b j e c t m a t t e r ) h e a d in g s o r p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f i n e r sub head ings.
P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d i n d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s .
A s requested,
l o c a t e s c l e a r l y i d e n t i f i e d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l .
May
perform
r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l tasks r e q u i r e d to m ain ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C lass C .
P e r f o r m s routine f i l i n g o f m a t e r i a l that has a l r e a d y been
c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ich is e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
s y s t e m ( e . g . , a lp h a b e ti c a l , c h r o n o l o g i c a l , o r n u m e r i c a l ) .
As
re q u e s t e d ,
l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l s ; and m a y
f i l l out w i t h d r a w a l c h a r g e .
M a y p e r f o r m s i m p l e c l e r i c a l and m anua l tasks
r e q u i r e d to m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .




SW IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p e ra t e s a te lephon e s w i tc h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e used w i t h a p r i v a t e
b ra n c h exchange ( P B X ) s y s t e m to r e l a y i n c o m i n g , ou tg oing, and i n t r a s y s t e m
calls.
M a y p r o v i d e in f o r m a tio n to c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and t r a n s m i t m e s s a g e s ,
k e e p r e c o r d o f c a l l s p l a c e d and t o l l c h a r g e s .
B e s i d e s o p e r a t i n g a te le p h o n e
s w itc h b o a r d o r c o n s o le , m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r f o r m routin e c l e r i c a l w o r k
(ty p ing o r routine c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y oc c u p y th e m a j o r p o r t i o n o f the w o r k e r ' s
t i m e , and is u sually p e r f o r m e d w h i l e at the s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e ) .
C h ie f
o r le a d o p e r a t o r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p l o y i n g m o r e than one o p e r a t o r a r e
e x clud ed .
F o r an o p e r a t o r who a ls o ac ts as a r e c e p t i o n i s t , s e e Sw itc hb oard
O p e r a t o r - R e c e p tio n is t.
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
At a
an o p e r a t o r —
w o r k in v o l v e s
b u s in ess and
priate person
a r r a n g i n g an

s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n te le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , acts both as
se e Sw itchboard O p e r a t o r — and as a r e c e p t i o n i s t . R e c e p t i o n i s t 's
such duties as g r e e t i n g v i s i t o r s ; d e t e r m i n i n g na tu re o f v i s i t o r ' s
p r o v i d i n g a p p r o p r i a t e i n f o r m a t i o n ; r e f e r r i n g v i s i t o r to a p p r o ­
in the o r g a n i z a ti o n o r c on tac tin g that p e r s o n by te le p h o n e and
ap pointment; k e ep in g a l o g o f v i s i t o r s .

ORDER CLERK
R e c e i v e s w r i t t e n or v e r b a l c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s f o r m a t e r i a l
o r m erchan dise fr o m custom ers or sales people.
W o r k ty p ica lly involves
s o m e c om b ination o f the f o l l o w i n g d uties:
Quoting p r i c e s ; d e t e r m i n i n g a v a i l ­
a b i l i t y o f o r d e r e d i t e m s and s u g g e s tin g substitu te s when n e c e s s a r y ; a d v is in g
e x p e c t e d d e l i v e r y date and met hod o f d e l i v e r y ; r e c o r d i n g o r d e r and c u s t o m e r
i n f o r m a t i o n on o r d e r
she ets; c h e c k in g o r d e r she e ts f o r a c c u r a c y arid
ad e qu ac y of i n fo rm a tio n r e c o r d e d ; a s c e r t a i n i n g c r e d i t r a tin g o f c u s t o m e r ;
f u r n is h in g c u s to m e r with a c k n o w le d g e m e n t o f r e c e i p t o f o r d e r ; f o l l o w i n g - u p
to s e e that o r d e r is d e l i v e r e d by the s p e c i f i e d date o r to le t c u s t o m e r know
o f a d e l a y in d e l i v e r y ; m ain ta in in g o r d e r f i l e ; ch e c k in g shipping i n v o i c e
ag ain s t o r i g i n a l o r d e r .
E xclu d e w o r k e r s paid on a c o m m i s s i o n b a s is o r w h o s e duties
include any o f the fo l l o w i n g :
R e c e i v i n g o r d e r s f o r s e r v i c e s r a t h e r than f o r
m a t e r i a l or m e r c h a n d i s e ; p r o v i d i n g c u s t o m e r s w ith c o n s u lta tiv e a d v i c e
using k n o w le d g e gained f r o m e n g i n e e r i n g o r e x t e n s i v e t e c h n i c a l tr a i n i n g ;
e m p h a s i z i n g s e l l i n g s k ills ; handling m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d i s e as an i n t e g r a l
p a r t o f the job.
P o s i ti o n s
d e fin itio n s :

are

cla s s ifie d

into

lev els

according

to

the

follow in g

C la s s A .
H an dles o r d e r s that i n v o l v e m ak ing j u d g m e n t s such as
c h o os in g which s p e c i f i c p ro d uct o r m a t e r i a l f r o m the e s t a b l i s h m e n t ' s p ro d uct
l in e s w i l l s a tis f y the c u s t o m e r ' s n e e d s , o r d e t e r m i n i n g th e p r i c e to be
quoted when p r i c i n g i n v o l v e s m o r e than m e r e l y r e f e r r i n g to a p r i c e l i s t o r
m ak in g som e s im p l e m a t h e m a t i c a l c a l c u l a t i o n s .

O R D E R C L E R K — Continued

B O O K K E E P I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R — Cont inued

C l a s s B . H a n d l e s o r d e r s in v o l v i n g i t e m s which have r e a d i l y i d e n ­
t i f i e d u s e s and a p p l i c a t i o n s .
M a y r e f e r to a c a ta lo g , m a n u f a c t u r e r 's m anual,
o r s i m i l a r d oc u m e n t to i n s h r e that p r o p e r i t e m is supplied o r to v e r i f y
p r ic e o f o r d e r e d item .

cos t d is tr ib u t io n , e x p e n s e d is tr ib u t io n , i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , etc.
o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l
the ac counting d e p a rtm e n t.

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K

M A C H IN E B IL L E R

P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e ac counting c l e r i c a l tasks such as p o s tin g to
r e g i s t e r s and l e d g e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g bank accoun ts; v e r i f y i n g the in t e r n a l c o n ­
s i s t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , and m a t h e m a t i c a l a c c u r a c y o f ac counting doc um e nts ;
a s s i g n i n g p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n tin g d is trib u t io n c od e s ; e xam in in g and v e r i f y i n g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r i o u s ty p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a l c u l a t i o n s , p o s tin g ,
e tc . ; o r p r e p a r i n g s i m p l e o r a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r i n g m o r e c o m p l i c a t e d jo u r n a l
vouchers.
M a y w o r k in e i t h e r a m anua l o r autom ated accounting s y s t e m .

P r e p a r e s s ta te m e n ts , b i l l s , and i n v o i c e s on a m a c h in e other than
an o r d i n a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r i t e r . M a y a ls o k e ep r e c o r d s as to b i llin g s
o r shipping c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l w o r k in c id e n ta l to b illin g
operation s.
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e b i l l e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d by type
o f m a c h in e , as f o l l o w s :
B illin g-m a ch in e b ille r.
U s e s a s p e c i a l b i l l i n g m ac h in e (c om b in atio n
ty p in g and adding m ac h in e ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s and i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s '
p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , i n t e r n a l l y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , shipping m e m o r a n d a , etc.
U s u a lly i n v o l v e s a p p lic a tio n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d iscounts and shipping c h a r g es
and e n tr y o f n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w h ic h m a y o r m a y not be com pute d on
the b i l l i n g m a c h i n e , and to ta l s w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y accum ulate d by
m ac h in e .
T h e o p e r a t i o n u s u a lly i n v o l v e s a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c arbon copies
o f the b i l l b ein g p r e p a r e d and is ofte n done on a fa n fo ld m ac hine .

T h e w o r k r e q u i r e s a k n o w le d g e o f c l e r i c a l m ethods and o f f i c e p r a c ­
t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h i c h r e l a t e s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g and r e c o r d i n g
o f t r a n s a c t i o n s and ac c ou n tin g in f o r m a ti o n .
W it h e x p e r i e n c e , th e w o r k e r
t y p i c a l l y b e c o m e s f a m i l i a r w i t h the b oo kk e e p in g and accounting t e r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in th e a s s i g n e d w o r k , but is not r e q u i r e d to have a k n o w l e d g e
o f th e f o r m a l p r i n c i p l e s o f b o o k k e e p in g and accounting.
P ositions a re
d e fi n i t i o n s :

cla s s ifie d

into

l e v e l s on the b as is o f

the

B ookkeepin g-m achin e b ille r .
U s e s a b oo kk e e p ing m achine (w ith or
without a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a rd ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s as p art o f the
accounts r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a tio n . G e n e r a l l y i n v o l v e s the simultan eous e n tr y of
f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m ac h in e a u t o m a t i c a l l y ac cum ulate s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b er o f v e r t i c a l c olu m n s and c om p u te s and u sually prints
a u t o m a t i c a l l y the debit o r c r e d i t b a la n c e s .
D oes not in v o l v e a knowledge
o f b oo kk e e p in g .
W o r k s f r o m u n i fo r m and standa rd ty p e s o f s ale s and
c r e d i t s li p s.

follow ing

C lass A .
U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s accou nting c l e r i c a l
o p e r a t i o n s w h ic h r e q u i r e th e a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r i e n c e and ju d g m e n t , f o r
e x a m p l e , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s i n g c o m p l i c a t e d or n o n r e p e t i t i v e ac coun ting t r a n s ­
a c t i o n s , s e l e c t i n g am o n g a sub sta ntia l v a r i e t y o f p r e s c r i b e d ac coun ting cod e s
and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c i n g tr a n s a c ti o n s th ro ugh p r e v i o u s ac counting
a c tio n s to d e t e r m i n e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M a y be a s s i s t e d b y one o r
m o r e c l a s s B ac c o u n tin g c l e r k s .

P A Y R O L L CLERK
P e r f o r m s the c l e r i c a l tasks n e c e s s a r y to p r o c e s s p a y r o l l s and to
m ain ta in p a y r o l l r e c o r d s .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
Processing
w o r k e r s ' t i m e o r p ro d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; adjusting w o r k e r s ' r e c o r d s f o r changes
in w a g e r a t e s , s u p p le m e n ta r y b e n e f i t s , o r ta x d edu ctions; editing p a y r o l l
l i s t i n g s again st s o u r c e r e c o r d s ; t r a c i n g and c o r r e c t i n g e r r o r s in lis tin g s ;
and a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r a t i o n o f p e r i o d i c s u m m a r y p a y r o l l r e p o r t s .
In a nonautom ated p a y r o l l s y s t e m , com pute s w a g e s .
W o rk m ay req u ire a practical
k n o w le d g e o f g o v e r n m e n t a l r e g u l a t i o n s , c om p an y p a y r o l l p o l i c y , o r the
c o m p u te r s y s t e m f o r p r o c e s s i n g p a y r o l l s .

C l a s s B.
U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d in s tr u c tio n s
and s t a n d a r d i z e d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e routine a ccoun tin g c l e r ­
i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , such as p o s tin g to l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e
i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f i t e m s and lo c a t i o n s o f p os tin gs a r e c l e a r l y indic ate d;
c h e c k in g a c c u r a c y and c o m p l e t e n e s s o f s ta n d a rd ize d and r e p e t i t i v e r e c o r d s
o r ac c ou n tin g d o c u m e n ts ; and codin g d ocum ents using a f e w p r e s c r i b e d
a ccoun ting c o d e s .
B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m ac h in e (w ith o r without a t y p e w r i t e r k e y ­
b o a r d ) to k e ep a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s tr a n s a c tio n s .

KEY ENTRY OPERATOR
O p e r a t e s a keypun ch m a c h in e to r e c o r d o r v e r i f y alphabetic and/or
n u m e r i c data on ta b ula ting c a r d s o r on tap e.

C l a s s A . K e e p s a set o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w le d g e o f and
e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c b o o k k e e p i n g p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m i l i a r i t y w ith the s tr u c tu r e
o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m us ed.
D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d i s t r i b u t i o n o f d ebit and c r e d i t i t e m s to be used in eac h phase o f the w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l i d a t e d r e p o r t s , b a la n ce she e ts , and oth e r r e c o r d s b y hand.

Positio n s
d efin itio n s.

a r e c l a s s i f i e d into

l e v e l s on th e b a s is o f the

f o llo w in g

C l a s s A . W o r k r e q u i r e s the a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r i e n c e and judgment
in s e l e c t i n g p r o c e d u r e s to be f o l l o w e d and in s e a r c h i n g f o r , i n t e r p r e ti n g ,
s e l e c t i n g , o r codin g i t e m s to be keypun ched f r o m a v a r i e t y of s o u r c e d o c u ­
m e n ts .
On o c c a s i o n m a y a ls o p e r f o r m s o m e routin e keypunch w o r k .
May
t r a i n i n e x p e r i e n c e d keypunch o p e r a t o r s .

C la s s B.
K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e phases o r s e c t i o n s o f a
set o f r e c o r d s u s u a l l y r e q u i r i n g l i t t l e k n o w le d g e of b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g .
P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e accoun ts p a y a b l e , p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' acc ounts
(no t includ in g a s i m p l e t y p e o f b i l l i n g d e s c r i b e d un der m ac h in e b i l l e r ) ,




M a y check
sheets f o r

33

KEY E N T R Y O P E R A T O R — Continued

C O M P U T E R SYSTEMS A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS— Continued

C l a s s B . W o r k is routin e and r e p e t i t i v e .
U n de r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n
o r f o l l o w i n g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t i o n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n ­
d a r d i z e d s o u r c e d oc u m e n ts w h ich h a v e been c od e d , and f o l l o w s s p e c i f i e d
p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h h a ve b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a i l and r e q u i r e l i t t l e o r no
s e l e c t i n g , c o d i n g , o r i n t e r p r e t i n g o f data to be r e c o r d e d .
R e f e r s to s u p e r ­
visor prob lem s arising f r o m
erron eou s item s o r codes or m iss in g
in f o r m a tio n .

ty p es of r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d ocum ents to b e used ; o u tlin e s a c tio n s to be
p e r f o r m e d by p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u te r s in s u f f i c i e n t d e t a i l f o r p r e s e n t a t i o n
to m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y th is i n v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f
w o r k and data f l o w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s th e d e v e l o p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s
and p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l runs o f n e w and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s
equip m en t changes to ob ta in m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l o p e r a t i o n s .
(N O T E :
W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g both s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g should be
c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s an alys ts i f th is is the s k i l l used to d e t e r m i n e
t h e i r pay.)

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s one o r a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n e s such as the ta b u l a t o r , c a l c u ­
l a t o r , c o l l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g punch, etc .
Excluded f r o m
this d e fin itio n a r e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s .
A l s o e x c lu d e d a r e o p e r a t o r s o f
e l e c t r o n i c d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r s , even though th e y m a y a ls o o p e r a t e e l e c t r i c
accounting m a c h in e equip m en t.

Does not include e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e ­
m ent o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s ­
t e m s analy sts p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g i n e e r i n g p r o b l e m s .

P o sitio n s are
defin ition s.

C la ss A . W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n tly o r un der o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s i n v o lv in g a l l p h as e s o f s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s .
P ro b lem s are
c o m p l e x b e ca u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f input data and m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e ­
m en ts o f output data. ( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s an i n t e g r a t e d p r o d u c tio n s c h e d ­
u lin g, i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , cost a n a l y s i s , and s a le s a n a l y s i s r e c o r d in w h ich
e v e r y i t e m of eac h ty p e is a u t o m a t i c a l l y p r o c e s s e d t h ro u g h the f u l l s y s t e m
o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r i a t e f o llo w u p a c tio n s a r e i n i t i a t e d b y the c o m p u t e r . )
C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e the data p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s
and a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the i m p l i c a t i o n s o f n e w o r r e v i s e d
s y s t e m s o f data p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
M akes rec o m m e n d a tio n s , if needed,
f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s i n s t a l l a t i o n s o r ch an ge s and f o r ob ta ining
equip m en t.

c l a s s i f i e d into l e v e l s

on the

b a s is o f

th e

follo w in g

C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g and ta b ula ting a s s i g n m e n t s
including d e v i s i n g d i f fi c u l t c o n t r o l p a n e l w i r i n g under g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n .
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e a v a r i e t y o f lon g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w h ic h
ofte n a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g , r e q u i r i n g s o m e pla nn ing o f th e natu re
and se qu e nc in g o f o p e r a t i o n s , and th e u s e o f a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n e s .
Is
t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e d in t r a i n i n g n e w o p e r a t o r s in m ac h in e o p e r a t i o n s o r t r a i n i n g
l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s in w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and in the o p e r a t i n g s e q u e n c e s
o f lon g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D oe s not in clude p o s i t i o n s in w h ich w i r i n g
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is l i m i t e d to s e l e c t i o n and i n s e r t i o n o f p r e w i r e d b o a r d s .
C l a s s B.
P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d i n g to e s t a b l i s h e d p r o c e d u r e s and
un der s p e c i f i c in s tr u c ti o n s .
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e c o m p l e t e but r o u ­
tine and r e c u r r i n g r e p o r t s o r p a r t s o f l a r g e r and m o r e c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a t e s m o r e d i f fi c u l t tab u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a ccoun ting m a c h in e s such as
the ta b u la to r and c a l c u l a t o r , in ad d itio n to th e s i m p l e r m a c h in e s u s e d by
c la s s C o p e r a t o r s .
M a y be r e q u i r e d to do s o m e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s .
M a y t r a i n n e w e m p l o y e e s in b a s i c m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s .
C la s s C.
U n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s , o p e r a t e s s i m p l e tab u la tin g
o r e l e c t r i c a l a ccoun ting m a c h i n e s such as the s o r t e r , i n t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o ­
ducing punch, c o l l a t o r , etc .
A ss ig n m e n ts ty p ica lly in vo lve portion s o f a
w o r k unit, f o r e x a m p l e , in d iv id u a l s o r t i n g o r c o l l a t i n g runs, o r r e p e t i t i v e
operation s.
M ay p erform
s i m p l e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s , and do s o m e
filing w ork.

Professional and Technical
COM PUTER SYSTEMS A N A L Y S T ,

B USINE S S

A n a l y z e s b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s to f o r m u l a t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o l v i n g
th e m by us e o f e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e qu ip m en t.
D evelops a com p lete
d e s c r i p t i o n o f a l l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d to enable p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u i r e d d i g i t a l c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
A n a l y z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t i o n s to be au tom ate d and i d e n t i f i e s c on ditio n s
and c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d to a c h i e v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r and




F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :

M a y p r o v i d e functional
who a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

d irectio n

to l o w e r l e v e l

system s

an a ly s ts

C la ss B.
W o r k s in d ep end ently o r un der o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
p r o b l e m s that a r e r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p l i c a t e d to a n a l y z e , p lan, p r o g r a m , and
operate.
P r o b l e m s a r e o f l i m i t e d c o m p l e x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input data
a r e hom o ge n eo u s and the output data a r e c l o s e l y r e l a t e d .
(F o r exam p le,
d e v e l o p s s y s t e m s f o r m ain ta in in g d e p o s i t o r ac coun ts in a bank, m a in ta in in g
accounts r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t , o r m a in ta in in g i n v e n t o r y
ac cou nts in a m an u fac tu rin g o r w h o l e s a l e e s t a b l i s h m e n t . )
C o n f e r s w ith p e r ­
sons c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e the data p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s
s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the i m p l i c a t i o n s o f th e data p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s
to be ap pli ed.
OR
W o r k s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p l e x data p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e or s y s t e m ,
as d e s c r i b e d f o r c la s s A .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly on r ou tin e a s s i g n m e n t s and
r e c e i v e s in s tru c tio n and guidance on c o m p l e x a s s i g n m e n t s . W o r k is r e v i e w e d
f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t, c o m p l i a n c e w ith i n s t r u c t i o n s , and to in s u r e p r o p e r
a lig n m e n t with the o v e r a l l s y s t e m .
C la s s C . W o r k s un der i m m e d i a t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g out a n a l y ­
s es as a s s ig n e d , u s u ally o f a s in g le a c t i v i t y .
A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s i g n e d to
d e v e l o p and expand p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e in the a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r o c e d u r e s and
s k i l l s r e q u i r e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a ly s is w o r k . F o r e x a m p l e , m a y a s s i s t a h i g h e r
l e v e l s y s te m s an aly st by p r e p a r i n g th e d e t a i l e d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u i r e d by
p r o g r a m m e r s f r o m i n f o r m a t i o n d e v e l o p e d by th e h i g h e r l e v e l a n a lys t.

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS

C O M PU TE R PR O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS— Continued

C o n v e r t s s t a t e m e n t s o f busin ess p r o b l e m s , t y p i c a l l y p r e p a r e d by a
s y s t e m s a n a l y s t , into a s e q u e n c e o f d e ta ile d in s tru c tio ns w h ic h a r e r e q u i r e d
to s o l v e th e p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a ti c data p r o c e s s i n g equ ip m en t. W o r k i n g f r o m
c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e l o p s the p r e c i s e in s tr u c tio n s w h ic h ,
w h en e n te r e d into th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in coded la n gu a ge , cause the m a n i p u ­
la t i o n o f data to a c h i e v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s . W o r k i n v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
A p p l i e s k n o w l e d g e o f c o m p u t e r c a p a b i l i t i e s , m a t h e m a t i c s , l o g i c e m p l o y e d by
c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t i c u l a r s u b je c t m a t t e r i n v o l v e d to a n a l y z e c h a r ts and
d i a g r a m s o f th e p r o b l e m to be p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s s e qu e n c e o f p r o g r a m
s te p s ; w r i t e s d e t a i l e d f l o w c h a r t s to show o r d e r in w h ic h data w i l l be
p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s t h e s e c h a r t s to c oded in s tru c tio n s f o r m a c h in e to f o l l o w ;
t e s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s tru c tio ns f o r o p e r a t i n g p e r s o n n e l
d u r in g p r o d u c t i o n run; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , and a l t e r s p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e
o p e r a t i n g e f f i c i e n c y o r adapt to new r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m ain ta ins r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e l o p m e n t and r e v i s i o n s .
(N O T E :
W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g both
s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g should be c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s an aly s ts
i f th is is th e s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r pay.)

input data w h ic h a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W h i l e n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , th e data h a ve been r e f i n e d in p r i o r actio ns so that the a c c u r a c y
and s e qu e n c in g o f data can be t e s t e d by using a f e w routin e checks. T y p i c a l l y ,
the p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith r ou tin e r e c o r d k e e p i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
OR
W o r k s on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s (as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A) under c l o s e
d irectio n o f a higher le v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p erviso r.
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r
l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r by ind ep end ently p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d i f fi c u l t tasks a s s ig n e d ,
and p e r f o r m i n g m o r e d i f fi c u l t ta s k s un der f a i r l y c l o s e d i r e c ti o n .
M a y guide o r i n s tr u c t l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C l a s s C.
M a k e s p r a c t i c a l ap p lic a tio n s o f p r o g r a m m i n g p r a c t i c e s
and c o n ce p ts u s u a lly l e a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a i n i n g c o u r s e s .
Assign m en ts are
d e s ig n e d to d e v e l o p c o m p e t e n c e in the ap p lic a tio n o f s ta n dard p r o c e d u r e s to
routin e p r o b l e m s . R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n on new a s p e c t s o f a s s ig n m e n ts ;
and w o r k is r e v i e w e d to v e r i f y its a c c u r a c y and c o n f o r m a n c e with r e q u ire d
procedures.

D o e s not in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o ­
g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w i t h s c i e n t i f i c and/or e n g i n e e r i n g p r o b l e m s .

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s ,

program m ers

COMPUTER OPERATOR

a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s

M o n i t o r s and o p e r a t e s the c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d i g i t a l c o m p u te r to
p r o c e s s data a c c o r d i n g to o p e r a t i n g i n s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a lly p r e p a r e d by a p r o ­
gram m er.
W o r k in cludes m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : Studies in s tru c tio ns to
d e t e r m i n e e quip m en t setup and o p e r a t i o n s ; loa d s equipm en t with r e q u i r e d
i t e m s (tap e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w itc h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l i a r y equipment into
c i r c u i t , and s ta r ts and o p e r a t e s c o m p u te r; m a k e s a d ju s tm e n ts to c om p u te r to
c o r r e c t o p e r a t i n g p r o b l e m s and m e e t s p e c i a l c on ditio ns ; r e v i e w s e r r o r s m ade
durin g o p e r a t i o n and d e t e r m i n e s cause o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m to s u p e r v i s o r or
p r o g r a m m e r ; and m ain ta in s o p e r a ti n g r e c o r d s .
M a y t e s t and a s s i s t in
correctin g p ro gra m .

C lass A.
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r un der on ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h i c h r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in all phases o f p r o g r a m m i n g
c o n c e p ts and p r a c t i c e s .
W o r k i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and c h a r ts w h ic h i d e n t i f y
th e n a tu r e o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g steps to be a c c o m p l i s h e d ,
and th e r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n v a r i o u s steps o f the p r o b l e m s o l v i n g routin e;
p lan s th e f u l l r a n g e o f p r o g r a m m i n g ac tio ns n e e d e d to e f f i c i e n t l y u t i l i z e the
c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in a c h i e v i n g d e s i r e d end p ro d u c ts .

A t th is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m i n g is d i f fi c u l t beca u s e c o m p u t e r equip m en t
m u s t be o r g a n i z e d to p r o d u c e s e v e r a l i n t e r r e l a t e d but d i v e r s e p ro d u c ts f r o m
n u m e r o u s and d i v e r s e data e l e m e n t s .
A w id e v a r i e t y and e x t e n s i v e n u m b e r
o f in tern a l p r o c e s s in g actions must occur.
T h is r e q u i r e s such ac tio n s as
d e v e l o p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t i o n s w h ic h can be r e u s e d , e s ta b l i s h m e n t o f
l i n k a g e p oin ts b e t w e e n o p e r a t i o n s , ad ju stm ents to data when p r o g r a m r e q u i r e ­
m e n t s e x c e e d c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , and substantial m an ip u la tio n and
r e s e q u e n c i n g o f data e l e m e n t s to f o r m a h ig h ly in t e g r a te d p r o g r a m .

M a y p r o v i d e f u n c ti o n a l
a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

For

study

purposes,

c o m p u te r

operators

are

cla ssified

as

C la s s A . O p e r a t e s ind e p e nd e ntly , o r under o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n ,
a c o m p u t e r running p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
N e w p r o g r a m s a r e f r e q u e n t l y t e s t e d and in tro du ce d ; scheduling r e q u i r e m e n t s
a r e o f c r i t i c a l i m p o r t a n c e to m i n i m i z e d o w n tim e ; th e p r o g r a m s a r e o f
c o m p l e x d e s i g n so that id e n ti f i c a ti o n o f e r r o r s o u r c e often r e q u i r e s a w o rk in g
k n o w l e d g e o f the t o t a l p r o g r a m , and a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y not be a v a ila b le .
M a y g i v e d i r e c t i o n and g uid ance to l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .

d i r e c t i o n to l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s who

C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s ind e p e nd e ntly , o r under o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n ,
a c o m p u t e r running p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
M o s t o f th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s ta b lis h e d p ro d u c tio n runs, t y p i c a l l y run on a
r e g u l a r l y r e c u r r i n g b a s is ; t h e r e is l i t t l e o r no t e s t i n g o f new p r o g r a m s
r e q u i r e d ; a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v i d e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m needs
m a j o r chan ge o r cannot b e c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b l y sho rt t i m e .
In

C l a s s B . W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n tly o r under on ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
r e l a t i v e l y s i m p l e p r o g r a m s , o r on s i m p l e s e g m e n ts o f c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a l l y p r o c e s s in f o r m a tio n to p r o d u c e data in tw o
o r th re e v a r ie d sequences o r fo rm a ts .
R e p o r t s and l i s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d by
r e f i n i n g , a d ap tin g, a r r a y i n g , o r m a k in g m i n o r additions to o r d e l e t i o n s f r o m




wage

follow s:

35

C O M PU TE R O P E R A T O R — Continued

D R A F T E R -TR A C E R

c o m m o n e r r o r s itu a tio n s , d ia g n o s e s caus e and ta k e s c o r r e c t i v e ac tio n .
T h is
u s u a lly i n v o l v e s a p p lyin g p r e v i o u s l y p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e s te p s , o r using
standard c o r r e c t i o n te c h n iq u e s .

C o p ie s
c lo th o r p ap e r
include t r a c i n g
l a r g e s c a l e not

plans and d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s by p l a c i n g t r a c i n g
o v e r d ra w in g s and t r a c i n g w ith pen o r p e n c i l .
(D o e s not
l i m i t e d to plans p r i m a r i l y c o n s i s t i n g o f s tr a ig h t l i n e s and a
r e q u i r i n g c l o s e d e l i n e a ti o n . )

OR
O p e r a t e s un der d i r e c t s u p e r v i s i o n a c o m p u t e r running p r o g r a m s o r
s e g m e n ts o f p r o g r a m s w ith the c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A .
May
a s s i s t a h i g h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r by in d ep end ently p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d i f fi c u l t tasks
a s s i g n e d , and p e r f o r m i n g d i f fi c u l t ta s k s f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d in s tr u c tio n s and
w ith fr e q u e n t r e v i e w o f o p e r a tio n s p e r f o r m e d .

C l a s s C.
W o r k s on routin e p r o g r a m s under c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n .
Is
exp e c te d to d e v e l o p w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f the c o m p u te r equipm en t used and
a b i l i t y to d e te c t p r o b l e m s i n v o l v e d in running routin e p r o g r a m s .
U s u a l l y has
r e c e i v e d s o m e f o r m a l t r a i n i n g in c o m p u te r o p e r a t i o n .
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r
l e v e l o p e r a t o r on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .
DRAFTER
C lass A.
P l a n s the g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p l e x i t e m s having
d i s t i n c t i v e d e s i g n f e a t u r e s that d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s ta b l i s h e d d r a ft in g
preceden ts.
W o r k s in c l o s e support w ith the d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r , and m a y
r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e s ig n chan ges.
A n a l y z e s th e e f f e c t o f eac h chan ge on the
d e ta ils o f f o r m , fu nction, and p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f com p on e n ts and
p a r t s . W o r k s w ith a m i n i m u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e . C o m p l e t e d w o r k is
r e v i e w e d b y d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g i n e e r i n g d e t e r ­
m in a tio n s . M a y e i t h e r p r e p a r e d r a w i n g s o r d i r e c t t h e i r p r e p a r a t i o n by l o w e r
le v e l d ra fters.
C l a s s B.
P e r f o r m s no nroutin e and c o m p l e x d ra ft in g a s s i g n m e n t s
that r e q u i r e the a p p lic a tio n o f m o s t o f th e s ta n d a r d i z e d d r a w i n g te c h n iq u e s
r e g u l a r l y us ed.
Duties t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e such w o r k as:
P r e p a r e s working
d ra w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s , m u l t i p l e fu n c tio n s , and
p r e c i s e p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e tw e e n c o m p on e n ts ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i t e c t u r a l
d ra w in g s f o r c o n s t ru c tio n o f a build in g in cludin g d e t a i l d r a w i n g s o f f o u n ­
d ations, w a l l s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p la n s , and r o o f .
U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s and
m anuals in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y com p u tatio n s to d e t e r m i n e q ua ntities o f
m a t e r i a l s to be us e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s tr e n g t h s , s t r e s s e s , e tc .
R e ce iv e s
i n it ia l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , and a d v i c e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p l e te d
w o r k is ch e c k ed f o r t e c h n i c a l ad equacy.
C l a s s C.
P r e p a r e s d e t a i l d r a w i n g s o f s i n g l e units o r p a r t s f o r
e n g i n e e r i n g , c o n s t r u c t i o n , m a n u fa c tu rin g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s .
T yp es of
d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d in clu de i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s (d e p i c t i n g t h r e e d i m e n s i o n s
in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) and s e c t i o n a l v i e w s to c l a r i f y p o s i ti o n i n g o f com p on e n ts
and c o n v e y n e e d e d i n f o r m a t i o n .
C o n s o l i d a te s d e t a i l s f r o m a n u m b e r o f
s o u r c e s and adjusts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e as r e q u i r e d .
S u gg e sted m eth od s o f
ap p ro ac h , a p p l i c a b l e p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v i c e on s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n
with i n i t i a l a s s i g n m e n t s .
I n s tr u c tio n s a r e l e s s c o m p l e t e w h en a s s i g n m e n t s
recur.
W o r k m a y be s p o t - c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .




AND/OR
P r e p a r e s sim ple or r ep e titiv e dra w ings o f e a s ily vis u a liz e d item s.
W o r k is c l o s e l y s u p e r v i s e d dur ing p r o g r e s s .
E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N
W o r k s on v a r i o u s ty p es o f e l e c t r o n i c e quip m en t and r e l a t e d d e v i c e s
b y p e r f o r m i n g one o r a com b inatio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
I n s t a l l i n g , m a in ta in in g ,
r e p a i r i n g , ov e r h au lin g, tr o u b l e s h o o t i n g , m o d i f y i n g , c o n s t r u c t i n g , and t e s t i n g .
W o r k r e q u i r e s p r a c t i c a l ap p lic a tio n o f t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e o f e l e c t r o n i c s
p r i n c i p l e s , a b ility to d e t e r m i n e m a l f u n c t i o n s , and s k i l l to put equip m en t in
r e q u i r e d o p e r a tin g con dition.
T h e equipment— c o n s is tin g o f e i t h e r m a n y d i f f e r e n t kinds o f c i r c u i t s
o r m u l ti p l e r e p e titio n o f the s am e kind o f c i r c u i t — in c l u d e s , but is not l i m i t e d
to , the f o l l o w i n g :
(a) E l e c t r o n i c t r a n s m i t t i n g and r e c e i v i n g e quip m en t ( e . g . ,
r a d a r , r a d io , t e l e v i s i o n , te le p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v i g a t i o n a l a i d s ) , (b) d i g i t a l and
an alog c o m p u te r s , and (c) i n d u s tr ia l and m e d i c a l m e a s u r i n g and c o n t r o l l i n g
equ ip m en t.
T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c lu d e s r e p a i r e r s o f such s ta n dard e l e c t r o n i c
equ ipm en t as c om m o n o f f i c e m a c h i n e s and ho us e hold r a d i o and t e l e v i s i o n
s ets; p ro d uction a s s e m b l e r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y duty is
s e r v i c i n g e l e c t r o n i c te s t in s tr u m e n ts ; te c h n i c i a n s who h a ve a d m i n i s t r a t i v e
o r s u p e r v i s o r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s i g n e r s , and p r o f e s s i o n a l
en gin eers.
Positions
defin ition s.

are

cla ssified

into

l e v e l s on th e b a s is o f

th e f o l l o w i n g

C las s A . A p p l i e s advance t e c h n i c a l k n o w l e d g e to s o l v e unusually
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , th o s e that t y p i c a l l y cannot be s o l v e d s o l e l y b y r e f e r ­
ence to m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' manua ls o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n ts ) in w o r k i n g on e l e c ­
t r o n i c equipment.
E x a m p l e s o f such p r o b l e m s in clu d e l o c a t i o n and d e n s ity o f
c i r c u i t r y , e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c r a d ia tio n , i s o l a t i n g m a l f u n c t i o n s , and f r e q u e n t
e n g i n e e r i n g chan ges.
W o rk in volves:
A d e t a i l e d u n d e r s tan d in g o f the i n t e r ­
r e l a ti o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g independent ju d g m e n t in p e r f o r m i n g such
tas k s as m aking c i r c u i t a n a l y s e s , c a l c u l a t i n g w a v e f o r m s , t r a c i n g r e l a t i o n ­
ships in s ig n al f l o w ; and r e g u l a r l y u s in g c o m p l e x t e s t i n s tr u m e n ts ( e . g . , dual
tr a c e osc illo s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d evia tion m e t e r s , pulse g e n e r a t o r s ) .
W o r k m a y be r e v i e w e d by s u p e r v i s o r ( f r e q u e n t l y an e n g i n e e r o r
d e s i g n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p l i a n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s .
M a y p ro vide
t e c h n i c a l guidance to l o w e r l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n s .
C la ss B . A p p l i e s c o m p r e h e n s i v e t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to s o l v e c o m ­
p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , th o s e that t y p i c a l l y can b e s o l v e d s o l e l y b y p r o p e r l y
i n t e r p r e t i n g m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m anuals o r s i m i l a r d oc u m e n ts ) in w o r k i n g on

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — Continued

M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R IC IA N

e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m en t.
W o r k in v o lve s :
A f a m i l i a r i t y with the i n t e r r e l a t i o n ­
ships o f c i r c u i t s ; and ju d g m e n t in d e t e r m i n i n g w o r k sequence and in s e l e c t i n g
t o o l s and t e s t i n g i n s t r u m e n t s , u s u a lly l e s s c o m p l e x than t h o s e used by the
c l a s s A t e c h n ic ia n .

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e functio ns such as the i n s t a l ­
l a tio n , m a in te n a n c e , o r r e p a i r o f equ ipm en t f o r th e g e n e r a t i o n , d is trib u tion ,
o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o l v e s m os t
o f the f o l l o w i n g : In s ta l l i n g o r r e p a i r i n g any o f a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u i p ­
men t such as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i tc h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , heatin g units , conduit s y s t e m s , o r oth e r t r a n s m i s s i o n
eq uip m en t; w o r k i n g f r o m b l u e p r i n ts , d r a w i n g s , l a y o u t s , o r other s p e c i f i ­
c atio ns; lo c a t in g and d ia g n o s in g t r o u b l e in the e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u i p ­
m en t; w o r k i n g s tan da rd c om p uta tions r e l a t i n g to loa d r e q u i r e m e n t s o f w i r i n g
o r e l e c t r i c a l equip m en t; and us in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n ' s handtools and
m e a s u r i n g and t e s t i n g i n s tr u m e n ts .
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m ainte n ance
e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s rounded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro ugh
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e qu iv ale n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e , as r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n , and w o r k is r e v i e w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p l i a n c e w it h a c c e p t e d
p r a c t i c e s and w o r k a s s i g n m e n t s .
M a y p r o v i d e t e c h n ic a l guidance to l o w e r
l e v e l te c h n i c i a n s .
C l a s s C. A p p l i e s w o r k i n g te c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to p e r f o r m s i m p l e o r
ro u tin e ta s k s in w o r k i n g on e l e c t r o n i c equ ip m en t, f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c ­
ti o n s w h ic h c o v e r v i r t u a l l y a l l p r o c e d u r e s .
W o r k t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s such
ta s k s a s :
A s s i s t i n g h i g h e r l e v e l te c h n icia n s b y p e r f o r m i n g such a c t i v i t i e s as
r e p l a c i n g c o m p o n e n t s , w i r i n g c i r c u i t s , and ta k in g te st r e a d i n g s ; r e p a i r i n g
s i m p l e e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t; and using to o ls and c om m o n t e s t in s tr u m e n ts
( e . g . , m u l t i m e t e r s , audio s i g n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tube t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) .
Is not r e q u i r e d to be f a m i l i a r w ith the i n t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s .
T h is
k n o w l e d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y be a c q u i r e d th rough as s ig n m e n ts d e s i g n e d to
i n c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e ( in c lu d in g c l a s s r o o m tr a i n i n g ) so that w o r k e r can
ad v a n c e to h i g h e r l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n .

M A IN T E N A N C E P A IN T E R
P a in t s and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , and f i x t u r e s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s the f o l l o w i n g :
K n o w l e d g e o f s u r fa c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s
and ty p e s o f paint r e q u i r e d f o r d i f f e r e n t a p p lic a tio n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r fa c e f o r
pain ting b y r e m o v i n g o ld f in is h o r b y p la c in g putty o r f i l l e r in nail h o le s and
i n t e r s t i c e s ; and ap p ly in g paint w ith s p r a y gun o r bru sh.
M ay m ix colo rs,
o i l s , w h ite l e a d , and oth e r paint in g r e d i e n t s to obtain p r o p e r c o l o r o r
consistency.
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e p a in ter r e q u i r e s
rounded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u i r e d th rough a f o r m a l a p p r e n ­
t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e , as r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l te c h n i c i a n .
W o r k is t y p i c a l l y spot c h e c k ed , but is g i v e n d e ta i l e d r e v i e w
wh en n e w o r a d v a n c e d a s s i g n m e n t s a r e in v o lv e d .
R E G IS T E R E D IN D U S T R IA L NURSES

M A IN T E N A N C E M A C H IN IS T

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e who g i v e s n u rsin g s e r v i c e un der g e n e r a l m e d i c a l
d i r e c t i o n to i l l o r i n j u r e d e m p l o y e e s o r ot h e r p e r s o n s who b e c o m e i l l o r
s u f f e r an a c c i d e n t on the p r e m i s e s of a f a c t o r y o r ot h e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
D u tie s i n v o l v e a c o m b i n a t i o n o f th e fo l l o w i n g :
G iv in g f i r s t aid to the i l l o r
i n j u r e d ; att en din g to subseq uent d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e ep in g
r e c o r d s o f p a tie n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g accid en t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a tio n o r
o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in p h y s i c a l e xam in a tio n s and h e alth e v a lu a tio n s o f
a p p lic a n ts and e m p l o y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y i n g out p r o g r a m s i n v o l v i n g
he alt h e d ucatio n , a c c i d e n t p r e v e n t i o n , evalu ation o f plant e n v i r o n m e n t , o r
o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g th e h ealth, w e l f a r e , and s a fe ty o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .
N u r s i n g s u p e r v i s o r s o r head n u r s e s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p l o y i n g m o r e than
on e n u r s e a r e e x c lu d e d .

P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t s and ne w p a r t s in m ak ing r e p a i r s of
m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n i c a l equ ipm en t o p e r a t e d in an e s ta b lis h m en t.
W ork
i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : I n t e r p r e t i n g w r i t t e n in s tr u c tio n s and s p e d - f i c a t i o n s ; pla nn ing and l a y i n g out o f w o r k ; using a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t 's
handtools and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s tr u m e n ts ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a tin g
s ta n dard m a c h in e t o o l s ; shaping o f m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; making
sta ndard shop com p utatio ns r e l a t i n g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o lin g , f e e d s ,
and s p ee d s o f m ac h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f the c o m m o n
m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g sta n da rd m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , and equ ipm en t r e q u i r e d f o r this
w o r k ; and fittin g and a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s into m e c h a n i c a l equ ip m en t. In g e n e r a l ,
the m a c h i n i s t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a rounded t r a i n i n g in m a c h in e - s h o p
p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u i r e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p or equiv alent
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant
M A IN T E N A N C E C A R PE N T E R

M A I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M ach in ery )

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y duties n e c e s s a r y to c on stru c t and m a in ta in
in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g w o o d w o r k and equipment such as bins, c r i b s , c o u n te r s ,
b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d
in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
P lan n in g and
l a y i n g out o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , or v e r b a l i n s tr u c tio n s ;
u s in g a v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r ' s h a n d too ls , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , and s ta n dard
m e a s u r i n g i n s tr u m e n ts ; m a k i n g sta ndard shop com putations r e l a t i n g to d i m e n ­
sions o f w o r k ; and s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s s a r y f o r the w o r k .
In g e n e r a l ,
th e w o r k o f the m a i n t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s rounded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i ­
e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip or e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g
and e x p e r i e n c e .

R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l equ ipmen t o f an e s tab lis h m en t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l
equ ipm en t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d i s m a n tl i n g o r p a r t l y d is m a n tlin g
m a c h i n e s and p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s that m a i n l y i n v o l v e the us e o f handtools in
s c r a p i n g and fi t t i n g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b ro k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w ith i te m s
obta in ed f r o m stock; o r d e r i n g the p ro d u c tion o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p art by a
m a c h in e shop o r sending the m a c h in e to a m a c h in e shop f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ;
p r e p a r i n g w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s o r f o r the p ro d uction of
p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e shops; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h in e s ; and m aking a ll
n e c e s s a r y ad ju s tm e n ts f o r o p e r a t i o n .
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f a m a c h i n e r y
m ain te n a n c e m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s rounded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u sually




37

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M ach in ery)— Continued

M IL L W R IG H T — Continued

a c q u i r e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e qu iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i ­
ence.
E x c lu d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y duties
i n v o l v e setting up o r ad ju stin g m a c h in e s .

w o r k ; in t e r p r e ti n g b lu e p rin ts o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; using a v a r i e t y o f ha ndt o o l s and rig g in g ; m ak in g s ta n dard shop com p u tatio n s r e l a t i n g to s t r e s s e s ,
s tr e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; alig n in g and b a la n c in g e q u i p ­
m en t; s e l e c ti n g sta ndard t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t, and p a r t s to be us ed; and in s ta l l i n g
and m ainta ining in good o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n equip m en t such as d r i v e s
and s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , th e m i l l w r i g h t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a
rounded tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e in the t r a d e a c q u i r e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l
a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e quivale nt t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M oto r V ehicles)
R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i l e s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b ­
l is h m e n t. W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ; E x a m i n i n g a u t o m o ti v e e q u i p ­
m ent to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s a s s e m b l i n g equip m en t and p e r f o r m i n g
r e p a i r s that i n v o l v e the use o f such handtools as w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r i l l s ,
o r s p e c i a l i z e d equip m en t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r fi t t i n g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b ro k e n
o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m stock; g r in d in g and ad ju stin g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g
and in s t a l l i n g th e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c l e and m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
ad ju s tm e n ts ; and a l ig n in g w h e e l s , adju sting b r a k e s and l i g h t s , o r tig h te n in g
body b o lts .
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f th e m o t o r v e h i c l e m ain te n a n c e m e c h a n i c
r e q u i r e s rounded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u i r e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n ti c e s h i p o r e qu iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d oes not in clu de
t o m e r s ' v e h i c l e s in a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r shops.

m ech anics

wh o

rep air

M AIN T E N A N C E TRADES H E LP E R
A s s i s t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k i l l e d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , by
p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c o r g e n e r a l duties o f l e s s e r s k i l l , such as k e e p in g a
w o r k e r supplied w ith m a t e r i a l s and t o o l s ; c l e a n i n g w o r k i n g a r e a , m a c h i n e ,
and equipment; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n by hold ing m a t e r i a l s o r t o o l s ; and p e r ­
f o r m i n g other u n sk ille d tasks as d i r e c t e d by jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e kind o f w o r k
the h e l p e r is p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e :
In s o m e
t r a d e s th e h e l p e r is con fined to s u p p lyin g, l i f t i n g , and ho ld ing m a t e r i a l s and
t o o l s , and cle an in g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; and in o t h e r s he is p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m
s p e c i a l i z e d m ac h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e that a r e a l s o p e r f o r m e d
by w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .

cus­

M A IN T E N A N C E P IP E F IT T E R

M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R (TO O LR O O M )

I n s ta lls o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r ty p e s o f p ip e and
p i p e f i tt in g s in an e s ta b l i s h m e n t. W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : L a y i n g
out w o r k and m e a s u r i n g to l o c a t e p o s i ti o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w i n g s o r ot h e r
w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; cutting v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e to c o r r e c t length s w ith
c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t i n g m a c h i n e s ; th re a d in g
pip e w ith s toc k s and d ie s ; bending p ip e by h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n
m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b l i n g p ip e w ith cou p lin gs and f a s te n in g p ip e to h a n g e r s ;
m ak ing sta ndard shop c om p u tatio n s r e l a t i n g to p r e s s u r e s , f l o w , and s i z e o f
p ip e r e q u i r e d ; and m a k in g s ta n dard t e s t s to d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r fi n i s h e d p ip e s
m eet specifications.
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m ain te n a n c e p i p e f i t t e r
r e q u i r e s rounded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th rough a f o r m a l
a p p r e n ti c e s h i p o r e qu iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
W orkers p rim a rily
e n g ag ed in in s ta l l i n g and r e p a i r i n g b uil d in g s anit ation o r heatin g s y s t e m s
a r e e x clud ed .

S p e c i a l i z e s in o p e r a ti n g one o r m o r e than one t y p e o f m ac h in e
t o o l ( e . g . , j i g b o r e r , g rin din g m a c h i n e , e ng in e la th e , m i l l i n g m a c h in e ) to
m a c h in e m e t a l f o r use in m aking o r m a in ta in in g j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cutting t o o l s ,
g a u g e s , o r m e t a l d ies o r m o l d s used in shaping o r f o r m i n g m e t a l o r
n o n m e ta l l i c m a t e r i a l ( e . g . , p l a s t i c , p l a s t e r , r u b b e r , g l a s s ) .
W o rk typ ica lly
i n v o l v e s : P lann ing and p e r f o r m i n g d i f fi c u l t m a c h in in g o p e r a t i o n s w h ic h
r e q u i r e c o m p l i c a t e d setups o r a high d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; setting up m ac h in e
t o o l o r to o ls ( e . g . , in s ta ll cutting t o o l s and ad just g u id e s , s top s , w o r k i n g
t a b l e s , and other c o n tr o ls to handle th e s i z e o f s to c k to be m a c h in e d ;
d e t e r m i n e p r o p e r f e e d s , s p e e d s , t o o l i n g , and o p e r a t i o n s e q u e n c e o r s e l e c t
th o s e p r e s c r i b e d in d r a w i n g s , b l u e p r i n t s , o r l a y o u t s ) ; us in g a v a r i e t y o f
p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s tr u m e n ts ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts d uring
m a c h in in g o p e r a tio n to a c h i e v e r e q u i s i t e d i m e n s i o n s to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s .
M a y be r e q u i r e d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c oo la n ts and cutting and l u b r i c a t i n g o i l s ,
to r e c o g n i z e when t o o l s need d r e s s i n g , and to d r e s s t o o l s .
In g e n e r a l , the
w o r k o f a m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r ( t o o l r o o m ) at th e s k i l l l e v e l c a l l e d f o r in
th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n r e q u i r e s e x t e n s i v e k n o w l e d g e o f m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l ­
r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u ally a c q u ir e d t h ro u g h c o n s i d e r a b l e o n - t h e - j o b t r a i n i n g and
experien ce.

M A IN TE N A N C E S H E E T -M E T A L W ORKER
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , and m a in ta in s in good r e p a i r the s h e e t - m e t a l
equipm en t and f i x t u r e s (s u c h as m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e pan s, s h e l v e s ,
l o c k e r s , tan k s, v e n t i l a t o r s , chutes, d ucts , m e t a l r o o f i n g ) o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g ;
P l a n n in g and l a y i n g out a l l ty p e s o f
s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n ts , m o d e l s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i ­
c atio ns; s e ttin g up and o p e r a t i n g a l l a v a i l a b l e ty p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k i n g
m a c h in e s ; u sin g a v a r i e t y o f ha ndto ols in cu ttin g, bendin g, f o r m i n g , shaping,
f i t t i n g , and a s s e m b l i n g ; and i n s t a l l i n g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s as r e q u i r e d .
In
g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s rounded
tr a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u i r e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s not
include m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s ( t o o l r o o m ) e m p l o y e d in t o o l and d ie job b in g
shops.
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
C onstr ucts and r e p a i r s j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cutting t o o l s , g a u g e s , o r
m e t a l d ies o r m o ld s used in shaping o r f o r m i n g m e t a l o r n o n m e t a l l i c
m a t e r i a l (e . g . , p l a s t i c , p l a s t e r , r u b b e r , g l a s s ) .
W ork typ ica lly in v o lve s :
P la n n in g and la y in g out w o r k a c c o r d i n g to m o d e l s , b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , o r
ot h e r w r i t t e n o r o r a l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u n d e r s ta n d in g the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f
c o m m o n m eta ls and a l l o y s ; s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r i a t e m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , and

M IL L W R IG H T
I n s ta lls n e w m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t, and d i s m a n t l e s and
i n s ta lls m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y equip m en t when ch an ge s in the plant layout a r e
requ ired.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g ;
P la n n in g and l a y i n g out




38

TOOL, A N D DIE M A K E R — Continued

S H IPPIN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K

p r o c e s s e s r e q u i r e d to c o m p l e t e ta s k s ; m akin g n e c e s s a r y shop c om p u tatio ns ;
s e ttin g up and o p e r a t i n g v a r i o u s m ac h in e to o ls and r e l a t e d equip m en t; using
v a r i o u s t o o l and d ie m a k e r ' s handtools and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s tr u m e n ts ;
w o r k i n g to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g m e t a l p a r ts and fi n i s h e d to o l s
and d ie s to a c h i e v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; fit tin g and a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s to p r e ­
s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s and a l l o w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l , the t o o l and d ie m a k e r ' s
w o r k r e q u i r e s roun ded t r a i n i n g in m a c h in e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e
u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e quivale nt t r a i n i n g and
exp erien ce.

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e f o r ship m en t, o r r e c e i v e s and is r e s p o n s i b l e
f o r in c o m i n g ship m en ts of m e r c h a n d i s e o r ot h e r m a t e r i a l s .
Shipping w o r k
i n v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f shipping p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u te s , a v a i l a b l e
m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , and r a t e s ; and p r e p a r i n g r e c o r d s o f the goods
shipped, m ak in g up b i l l s o f l a d in g , p o s tin g w e ig h t and shipping c h a r g e s , and
k e ep in g a f i l e o f shipping r e c o r d s .
M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g the
m e r c h a n d i s e f o r shipm en t.
R e c e i v i n g w o r k i n v o l v e s : V e r i f y i n g o r d i r e c ti n g
o t h e r s in v e r i f y i n g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f shipm en ts against b i l l s o f lad ing ,
i n v o i c e s , o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; ch e c k in g f o r s h o r t a g e s and r e j e c t i n g d am aged
good s ; routing m e r c h a n d i s e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a rtm e n ts ; and m a i n ­
tain in g n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and f i l e s .

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , this c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d oes not
in clud e t o o l and d ie m a k e r s who (1) a r e e m p l o y e d in t o o l and d ie job b ing
shops o r (2) p r o d u c e f o r g i n g d i e s ( d i e s i n k e r s ) .

For

O p e r a t e s and m a in ta in s and m a y als o s u p e r v i s e the o p e r a t i o n o f
s t a t i o n a r y e n g in e s and equip m en t ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to supply the
e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h i c h e m p l o y e d w it h p o w e r , heat, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r c on d it io n in g .
W o r k in v o lve s :
O p e r a t i n g and m ain ta in ing equipm en t such as
s t e a m e n g i n e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n ti l a t i n g
and r e f r i g e r a t i n g e q u ip m e n t, s t e a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r pum ps;
m a k i n g e q u ip m en t r e p a i r s ; and k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a ti o n o f m a c h i n e r y ,
t e m p e r a t u r e , and f u e l c on su m p tio n .
M a y als o s u p e r v i s e t h e s e o p e r a t i o n s .
H e a d o r c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one e n g i n e e r
a re exclu d ed .

purposes,

w orkers

are

cla s s ifie d

as

follow s:

WAREHOUSEMAN
A s d i r e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f w a r e h o u s i n g duties whic h r e q u i r e
an u n dersta nd in g o f th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's s t o r a g e p l a n . W o r k i n v o lv e s m o s t
o f the f o l l o w i n g : V e r i f y i n g m a t e r i a l s ( o r m e r c h a n d i s e ) against r e c e i v i n g
d oc u m e n ts , noting and r e p o r t i n g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and ob viou s d a m a g e s ; routin g
m a t e r i a l s to p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n s ; s t o r i n g , stack ing , o r p a l l e t i z i n g
m a t e r i a l s in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m eth od s ; r e a r r a n g i n g and
tak in g i n v e n t o r y o f s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s ; e xa m in in g s to r e d m a t e r i a l s and
r e p o r t i n g d e t e r i o r a t i o n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s to r a g e and
p r e p a r i n g it f o r shipm en t.
M a y o p e r a t e hand o r p o w e r tr u c k s in p e r f o r m i n g
w a r e h o u s i n g duties.

B O IL E R T E N D E R
F ire s
s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to furnish th e e s ta b lis h m en t in w h ic h
e m p l o y e d w i t h h e at, p o w e r , o r s te am .
F e e d s fuels to f i r e by hand o r
o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n i c a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; and c h e c k s w a t e r and
safety v a lv e s .
M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m equip m ent.

E x c lu d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u t i e s
i n v o l v e shipping and
r e c e i v i n g w o r k ( s e e Shipping and R e c e i v i n g C l e r k and Shipping P a c k e r ) ,
o r d e r f i l l i n g ( s e e O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a t i n g p ow e r t r u c k s ( s e e P o w e r - T r u c k
O p e ra to r).

Material Movement and Custodial

ORDER F IL L E R
F i l l s shipping o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in is h e d goods f r o m s to r e d
m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a le s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r o t h e r i n s tr u c tio n s .
M a y , in ad dition to f i l l i n g o r d e r s and i n d i ­
cating i t e m s f i l l e d o r o m i t t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f ou tg oin g o r d e r s , r e q u is itio n
a d d ition al s to c k o r r e p o r t s h o rt s up p li es to s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m other
r e l a t e d duties.

TR U C K D R IV E R
D r i v e s a t r u c k w ith in a c i t y o r in d u s tr ia l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e ­
r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e , e q u ip m e n t, o r w o r k e r s b e tw e e n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s such as : M a n u fa c t u r i n g p la n ts, f r e i g h t depots , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e ­
s a l e a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s ta b l i s h m e n ts and
c u s t o m e r s ' houses o r p l a c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M a y a ls o load o r unload t r u c k w ith
o r with ou t h e l p e r s , m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p t r u c k in good
w o r k i n g o r d e r . S a l e s r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e e x c l u d e d .

S H IP P IN G P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s f i n i s h e d p r o d u c ts f o r shipm en t o r s t o r a g e by p la c in g th em
in shipping c o n t a i n e r s , the s p e c i f i c o p e r a ti o n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g dependent
upon the t y p e , s i z e , and n u m b e r o f units to be p a c k e d , the ty p e o f con tain e r
e m p l o y e d , and m eth o d o f ship m en t.
W o r k r e q u i r e s the p la c in g o f i t e m s in
shipping c o n ta in e r s and m a y i n v o l v e one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : K n o w le d g e
o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f s to c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y content; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p ro p ria t e
ty p e and s i z e o f c o n ta i n e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n ta in e r ; using e x c e l s i o r
o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g and s e alin g c o n ­
t a i n e r ; and ap p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r i n g id e n tif y in g data on c on tain e r . P a c k e r s
who a ls o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e exclud ed .

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d by s i z e and
t y p e o f e q u ip m en t, as f o l l o w s ;
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r should be r a t e d on the b a s is
o f t r a i l e r c a p a c i t y .)




study

Shipping c l e r k
R eceivin g cle rk
Shipping and r e c e i v i n g c l e r k

S T A T IO N A R Y E N G IN E E R

T ru ck d river,
T ru ck d river,
T ru ck d river,
T ru ck d river,

wage

li g h t t r u c k (under l V 2 tons)
m e d i u m t r u c k ( I V 2 to and including 4 tons)
h e a v y t r u c k ( t r a i l e r ) ( o v e r 4 tons)
h e a v y t r u c k (o t h e r than t r a i l e r ) ( o v e r 4 tons)

39

M A T E R IA L H A N D LIN G LA B O R E R

GUARD AND W A TC H M A N

A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m an u fa c tu rin g pla nt, s t o r e , or
ot h e r e s ta b lis h m e n t w h o s e duties i n v o l v e one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g :
L o a d in g and un loadin g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s and m e r c h a n d i s e on o r f r o m f r e i g h t
c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; un pack ing, s h e l v i n g , o r p l a c i n g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e l o c a t io n ; and t r a n s p o r t i n g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e by handtr uck, c a r , o r w h e e l b a r r o w .
Longshore
w o r k e r s , who l o a d and un load s h ip s , a r e e x c l u d e d .

Guard.
P e r f o r m s routin e p o l i c e d u ti e s , e i th e r at f i x e d post o r on
t o u r , m ain ta ining o r d e r , using a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
In clud es
g uards who a r e stationed at g ate and c h e c k on i d e n tity o f e m p l o y e e s and
other persons entering.

PO W E R -TRU CK O PE RA TO R

W a tc h m a n . M a k e s rounds o f p r e m i s e s
p r o p e r t y against f i r e , th eft, and i l l e g a l e n tr y .

>
JA N IT O R ,

O p e r a t e s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o l l e d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d tr u c k
o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t goods and m a t e r i a l s o f a l l kinds about a w a r e h o u s e ,
m an u fac tu rin g plant, o r o t h e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.

truck,

P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R

C leans and keep s in an o r d e r l y c o n d it io n f a c t o r y w o r k i n g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t house, o r c o m m e r i c a l
o r o t h e r e s tab lis h m en t.
D uties i n v o l v e a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
S w e e p in g , mopping o r s crub b ing, and p o l i s h i n g f l o o r s ; r e m o v i n g c h ip s , t r a s h ,
and o t h e r refu s e ; dusting e qu ip m en t, f u r n i t u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l
f i x t u r e s o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v i d i n g s u p p lie s and m i n o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ;
and c le an in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s who s p e c i a l i z e
in w in d o w washing a r e excluded.

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f p o w e r as f o l l o w s :
F o rk lift operator
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r ( o t h e r than f o r k l i f t )




p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t i n g

40

Area Wage
Surveys
A l i s t o f th e l a t e s t b u lle tin s a v a i l a b l e is p re s e n te d b e l o w .
B u lle tin s
m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m any o f th e B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s shown on the bac k
c o v e r , o r f r o m the Su p e rin te n d e n t o f D oc u m e n ts , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g
O f f i c e , W a s h in g to n , D .C . 20402.
M a k e checks payable to Su perinte ndent of
D o c u m e n ts .
A d i r e c t o r y o f o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e s u r v e y s , c o v e r i n g the y e a r s
1970 th ro u gh 1976, is a v a i l a b l e on r eq u e st.

Area
A k r o n , O h i o , D e c . 1977__________________________________________
A lb a n y —Sch en ectady—T r o y , N . Y . , Sept. 1977 --------------------A n a h e i m —Santa Ana—G a r d e n G r o v e ,
C a l i f . , O c t. 1977_________________________________________________
A t l a n t a , G a., M a y 1 9 77 -----------------------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , M d . , A u g . 1977______________________________________
B i l l i n g s , M o n t . , J u ly 1 9 7 7 1 ----------------------------------------------B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1 977------------------------------------------B o s to n , M a s s . , A u g . 1977 ------------------------------------------------B u f fa l o , N . Y . , O c t. 1977 _______________ _______________ _________
C anton, O h io , M a y 1977 1 --------------------------------------------------C h attan o og a, T e n n .—G a . , Sept. 1977 ---------------------------------C h i c a g o , 111., M a y 1977 1---------------------------------------------------C i n c i n n a t i , O h io — y . —Ind., July 1977 1 -----------------------------K
C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , Sept. 1977 1 --------------------------------------------C o lu m b u s , O h io , O c t. 1977______________________________________
C or p u s C h r i s t i , T e x . , July 1977 1 ------------------------------------D a l l a s - F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t. 1977___________________________
D a v e n p o r t—R o c k Isla n d —M o l i n e , Iow a—111., F e b . 1977 1 -----D ay ton , O h io , D e c . 1977 1 ______ _______________ ______ __________
D ayton a B e a c h , F l a . , A u g . 1977 1--------------------------------------D e n v e r —B o u l d e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1977 1 ---------------------------------D e t r o i t , M i c h . , M a r . 1 977_______________________________________
F r e s n o , C a l i f . , June 1977 ------------------------------------------------G a i n e s v i l l e , F l a . , Sept. 1977 1------------------------------------------G r e e n B a y , W i s . , July 1 9 7 7 _____________________________________
G r e e n s b o r o —W i n s t o n - S a l e m —H i g h P o in t,
N . C . , A u g . 1977 1 ______________________________ ______ ___________
G r e e n v i l l e — p a r ta n b u r g , S . C . , June 1977 -------------------------S
H a r t f o r d , Conn ., M a r . 1 9 77 ----------------------------------------------H ou ston , T e x . , A u g . 1977 1 -----------------------------------------------H u n t s v i l l e , A l a . , F e b . 1977 1------------------------------------------ —
In d i a n a p o l i s , In d., O c t. 1 9 77 ---------------------------------------------J a c k s o n , M i s s . , Jan. 1978_______________________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1977___________________________________
K a n s a s C i t y , M o . - K a n s . , Sept. 1977---------------------------------L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , Oct. 1977__________________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y . —Ind ., N o v . 1977 1 ______________________________
M e m p h i s , T enn.—A r k . —M i s s ., N o v . 1977_____________________




B u l l e ti n nu m ber
and p r i c e *
1950-70, 80 cents
1950-52, 80 cents
1950-60,
1950-17,
1950-39,
1950-40,
1950-8,
1950-50,
1950-58,
1950-28,
1950-44,
1950-41,
1950-45,
1950-53,
1950-64,
1950-35,
1950-65,
1950-26,
1950-71,
1950-43,
1950-74,
1950-13,
1950-30,
1950-46,
1950-36,

$ 1.0 0
$1.20
$1.20
$1.00
85 cents
$1.20
$ 1.0 0
$ 1.1 0
70 cents
$1.40
$1.20
$ 1.4 0
$ 1 .0 0
$1.00
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1 .1 0
$1.00
$ 1.40
$1.20
70 cents
$1.00
70 cents

1950-42,
1950-33,
1950-9,
1950-48,
1950-4,
1950-56,
2025-1,
1950-67,
1950-54,
1950-61,
1950-66,
1950-63,

$1.10
70 cents
80 cents
$1.4 0
$1.4 0
$1.00
70 cents
70 cents
$1.00
$ 1.2 0
$ 1 .2 0
70 cents

Area
M i a m i , F l a . , O ct. 1977__________________________________________
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1977 ___________________________________
M i n n e a p o l i s —St. P a u l , M inn.—W i s . , Jan. 1978 1 _____________
N a s s a u —Suffo lk, N . Y . , June 1977 ______________________________
N e w a r k , N . J . , Jan. 1977 ________________________________________
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , Jan. 1977 1_________________________________
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . —N . J . , M a y 1977______________________________
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B ea cb h -Portsm ou th , V a.—
N . C . , M a y 1977 __________ ____ ____ ________ _____________________
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B ea ch —P o r t s m o u t h and
N e w p o r t N e w s —H a m p to n , V a.—N . C . , M a y 1977______________
N o r t h e a s t P e n n s y l v a n i a , A u g . 1977 1__________________________
O k la h o m a C ity , O k l a . , A u g . 1977 1 ____________________________
O m ah a, N e b r . - I o w a , O ct. 1977 1 ______________________________
P a t e r son—C lif to n —P a s s a i c , N . J . , June 1977 __________________
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . —N . J . , N o v . 1977_____________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1978__________________________ _______ ____
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , D e c . 1977________________ ________ ___________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . - W a s h . , M a y 1977 1___________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N . Y . , June 1977 _______________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie — in g ston ^ N e w b u r g h , N . Y . , June 1976_______
K
W
P r o v i d e n c e — a r w i c k —P a w t u c k e t , R . I . —
M a s s . , June 1977 1 ____________________ ________ ________________
R ic h m o n d , V a . , June 1977* ____________________________________
St. L o u i s , M o .-111., M a r . 1977 . . . ............................. .................
S a c r a m e n to , C a l i f . , D ec. 1977 1 _______________________________
Sagin aw, M i c h . , N o v . 1977___________________________ _____ _____
Salt L a k e C ity— g d e n , Utah, N o v . 1977______________________
O
San A n to n io , T e x . , M a y 1977 1_________________________________
San D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1977 1_______________________ __________
San F r a n c i s c o — ak la n d, C a l i f . , M a r . 1977 ___________________
O
San J o s e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1 977____________________________________
Se attle —E v e r e t t , W a s h . , D ec. 1977____________________________
South Ben d, Ind., A u g . 1977 1 __________________________________
T o l e d o , Ohio—M i c h . , M a y 1977________________________________
T r e n t o n , N . J . , Sept. 1977_______________________________________
U t i c a - R o m e , N . Y . , J u l y m ? 1 ________________________________
W a sh in g to n , D .C .—M d .—V a . , M a r . 1977 ______________________
W i c h i t a , K a n s ., A p r . 1977 1 ____________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , A p r . 1977 _________________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1977
____ ___________________________________

B u lle tin number
and p r i c e *
1950-57,
1950-14,
2025-2,
1950-27,
1950-7,
1950-5,
1950-31,

$1.00
$1.10
$1.40
$1.00
$1.60
$1.60
$1.20

1950-20, 70 cents
1950-21,
1950-38,
1950-49,
1950-55,
1950-34,
1950-62,
2025-3,
1950-69,
1950-32,
1950-25,
1900-55,

70 cents
$1.10
$1.10
$1.10
70 cents
$1.20
$1.10
70 cents
$1.20
70 cents
55 cents

1950-22,
1950-23,
1950-10,
1950-72,
1950-59,
1950-68,
1950-24,
1950-73,
1950-29,
1950-19,
1950-75,
1950-51,
1950-18,
1950-47,
1950-37,
1950-11,
1950-16,
1950-15,
1950-6,

$1.20
$1.10
$1.20
$ 1.00
70 cents
80 cents
$1.10
$1.10
$1.20
$1.00
80 cents
$1.10
80 cents
70 cents
$1.10
$1.20
$1.10
70 cents
$1.10

;,t Prices are determined by the Government Printing Office and are subject to change.
1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212
Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Third Class Mail
Lab-441

Bureau off Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region I

Region II

Region III

Region IV

1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (A reaC o de617)

Suite 3400
1515 Broadway
New York, N Y. 10036
Phone. 399-5406 (A reaC o de212)

3535 Market Street,
P.O. Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 596-1154 (A reaC o de215)

Suite 540
>371 Peachtree St., N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone:881-4418 (Area Code 404)

Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Delaware
D istrict of Colum bia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
M ississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Region V

Region VI

Regions VII and VIII

Regions IX and X

9th Floor, 230 S. Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-1880 (A reaC o de312)

Second Floor
555 G riffin Square Building
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (A reaC o de214)

Federal O ffice Building
911 W alnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas C ity, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (A reaC ode816)

450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calit. 94102
Phone:556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Texas

VII
Iowa
Kansas
M issouri
Nebraska

IX
Arizona
California
Hawaii
Nevada

Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
W isconsin




VIII
Colorado
Montana
North Dakota
South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming

X
Alaska
Idaho
Oregon
Washington


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102