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^

Area
Wage
Survey

:
Salt Lake C ity—Ogden, Utah,
Metropolitan Area
November 1977

Bulletin 1950-68
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics




O Salt Lake City
T o o e le

Preface
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r o v i d e s r e s u l t s o f a N o v e m b e r 1977 s u r v e y o f o c c u p a ­
t i o n a l e a r n i n g s in th e S a lt L a k e C i t y —O g d e n , U t a h , S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n
S ta tistical A r e a .
T h e s u r v e y w a s m a d e as p a r t o f t h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r
S ta tis tic s ' annual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m .
It w a s c o n d u c t e d b y t h e
B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in K a n s a s C i t y , M o . , u n d e r t h e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n
o f E d w a rd Chaiken, A s s is t a n t R e g io n a l C o m m is s io n e r f o r O p e r a tio n s .
The
s u r v e y c o u l d n ot h a v e b e e n a c c o m p l i s h e d w i t h o u t t h e c o o p e r a t i o n o f t h e
m a n y f i r m s w h o s e w a g e and s a l a r y d a t a p r o v i d e d t h e b a s i s f o r th e s t a t i s t i c a l
i n f o r m a t i o n in t h i s b u l l e t i n .
T h e B u r e a u w is h e s to e x p r e s s s i n c e r e a p p r e c i a ­
tion f o r th e c o o p e r a t i o n r e c e i v e d .
M a t e r i a l in t h i s p u b l i c a t i o n is in t h e p u b l i c d o m a i n and m a y b e
re p o r d u c e d w ithout p e r m i s s i o n o f the F e d e r a l G o v e r n m e n t.
P le a s e cred it




th e B u r e a u
p u b lica tion .

of

Labor

S ta tistics

an d

cite

the

name

and

number

of

th is

Note:
R e p o r t s on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s in t h e S a lt L a k e C i t y —O g d e n a r e a
a r e a v a i l a b l e f o r t h e m o v i n g an d s t o r a g e ( N o v e m b e r 1977) and l a u n d r y and
d r y c l e a n i n g ( N o v e m b e r 1977) i n d u s t r i e s .
A ls o a v a ila b le a re lis tin gs o f
u n io n w a g e r a t e s f o r b u i l d i n g t r a d e s , p r i n t i n g t r a d e s , l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t i n g
e m p l o y e e s , l o c a l t r u c k d r i v e r s an d h e l p e r s , and g r o c e r y s t o r e e m p l o y e e s .
F r e e c o p ie s o f th e s e a r e a v a ila b le f r o m the B u re a u 's r e g io n a l o f f i c e s .
(S ee back c o v e r f o r a d d r e s s e s .)

Area
Wage
Survey
U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Julius Shiskin, Commissioner
March 1978
Bulletin 1950-68

Salt Lake C ity—Ogden, Utah,
Metropolitan Area
November 1977

Contents

Page

I n t r o d u c t i o n -------------------------------------------------------------

2

T ab les:
E arn in gs, all estab lish m en ts:
A -l.
W e e k ly earn in gs of o ffic e
w o r k e r s ------------------------------------------A-2.
W e e k ly earn in gs of p r o f e s ­
s io n a l and t e c h n i c a l w o r k e r s -------A - 3 . A v e r a g e w e e k ly earn in gs of
o f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and
t e c h n i c a l w o r k e r s , b y s e x -----------A - 4 . H o u r ly earn in gs of m a in t e ­
n a n c e , t o o l r o o m , and
p o w e r p l a n t w o r k e r s ----------------------A - 5 . H o u r ly earn in gs of m a t e r ia l
m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d i a l
A-6.

A-7,

A ppen dix A .
A p p e n d i x B.

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S.
Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402, GPO
Bookstores, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover.



A v e r a g e h o u rly earn in gs of
m aintenance, to o lro o m ,
p ow erpla nt, m a t e r ia l m o v e ­
m e n t , and c u s t o d i a l w o r k e r s ,
b y s e x -------------- ------------------------------P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s in a v e r a g e
h o u rly earnings, ad justed f o r
e m p l o y m e n t shifts , f o r s e ­
l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s -----------S c o p e and m e t h o d o f
survey
O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s --------------

-

A.

3
5

7

8

11

12
13
17

Introduction
T h i s a r e a i s 1 o f 74 in w h i c h t h e U . S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s B u r e a u
o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and r e l a t e d
b e n e f i t s . ( S e e l i s t o f a r e a s on i n s i d e b a c k c o v e r . ) In e a c h a r e a , o c c u p a t i o n a l
e a r n i n g s d a t a ( A - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e c o l l e c t e d a n n u a l l y . I n f o r m a t i o n on e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e f i t s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) is
o b t a i n e d e v e r y t h i r d y e a r . T h i s r e p o r t has n o B - s e r i e s t a b l e s .

E ach y e a r a fte r a ll in divid u al a r e a w a g e s u rv e y s have b een c o m ­
p le t e d , tw o s u m m a r y b u lletin s a r e is su ed .
T h e f i r s t b r i n g s t o g e t h e r d ata
f o r e a c h m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; t h e s e c o n d p r e s e n t s n a t i o n a l and
r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s , p r o j e c t e d f r o m in d iv id u a l m e tr o p o lita n a r e a data, f o r
a l l S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s in th e U n i t e d S t a t e s , e x c l u d i n g
A l a s k a and H a w a i i .

A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is th e n e e d
t o d e s c r i b e th e l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s ,
t h r o u g h th e a n a l y s i s o f ( 1 ) t h e l e v e l and d i s t r i b u t i o n o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t i o n ,
an d (2 ) th e m o v e m e n t o f w ^ g e s b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l .
The
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p s in fo r m a t i o n that m a y be used f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s , in clu din g
w a g e and s a l a r y a d m i n i s t r a t i o n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g , and a s s i s t a n c e in
d e t e r m i n i n g plan t lo c a t io n . S u r v e y r e s u lt s a ls o a r e used b y th e U .S. D e p a r t ­
m e n t o f L a b o r to m a k e w a g e d e t e r m in a t io n s u n d er th e S e r v i c e C o n tr a c t A c t
o f 1965.




A - s e r i e s ta bles
T a b le s A - 1 throu gh A - 6 p ro v id e e s tim a te s o f s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly
o r h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r w o r k e r s in o c c u p a t i o n s c o m m o n t o a v a r i e t y o f
m a n u f a c t u r i n g and n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
F o r t h e 31 l a r g e s t s u r v e y
a r e a s , t a b l e s A - 8 t h r o u g h A - 13 p r o v i d e s i m i l a r d a ta f o r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
e m p l o y i n g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e .
T a b l e A - 7 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s
o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s , e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g w o r k e r s , in d u s tr ia l
n u r s e s , s k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s w o r k e r s , an d u n s k i l l e d p la n t w o r k e r s .
W h e r e p o s s i b l e , d a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s and f o r m a n u f a c ­
t u r i n g an d n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g s e p a r a t e l y .
Data a r e not p r e s e n t e d f o r s k ille d
m a i n t e n a n c e w o r k e r s in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g b e c a u s e th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s
e m p l o y e d in t h i s o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i s t o o s m a l l t o
warrant
sep a ra te p resen tation .
T h is ta b le p r o v id e s a m e a s u r e of w a ge
t r e n d s a f t e r e l i n i m a t i o n o f c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s c a u s e d b y e m p l o y ­
m e n t s h i f t s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s as w e l l as t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
i n c l u d e d in s u r v e y s a m p l e s . F o r f u r t h e r d e t a i l s , s e e a p p e n d i x A.
A p p en d ixes
wage
m ists

A p p e n d i x A d e s c r i b e s t h e m e t h o d s and c o n c e p t s u s e d in th e a r e a
s u r v e y p r o g r a m an d p r o v i d e s i n f o r m a t i o n on th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
to

A p p en d ix B p r o v id e s job d e s c r ip tio n s
c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s by occu p ation.

used by B ureau fie ld

econo­

A. Earnings
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Salt Lake City—Ogden, Utah, November 1977
Weekly earnings
(itaadard)
O c c u p a tio n

Average
weekly
houn1
(ftandard)

a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s tr a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—
90

Mean 2

Middle range2

100

ALL

100

110

120

130

190

160

170

180

190

200

_
110

120

130

190

150

160

170

180

190

_

200

210

_

210

220

_

220

230

_
230

290
_

290

260 2 8 0
_

260

280 3 00

3 00

320

_

_

and

320 o v e r

WORKERS

S E C R E T A R I E S -------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G — r -------------------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

968

90.

$
1 9 3 .5 0

$

$

186.

1 5 8 .0 0 -

$
2 1 9 .5 0

82

58

2

23

29

48

37

27

57

30

68

29

27

35

52

55

10

5

10

1

6

12

2 1 9 .0 0

2

1

8

1 9 5 .5 0 -

2 2 9 .0 0

2

1

195.

1 7 7 .0 0 -

2 2 1 .0 0

6

33

1 8 9 .5 0

193.

1 6 9 .0 0 -

1 9 9 .5 0

3

2 1 0 .5 0

198.

1 8 2 .0 0 -

2 2 1 .0 0

3

73
17
56
24

1 8 4 .0 0

173.

1 5 5 .0 0 -

2 0 1 .5 0

39.

1 9 7 .5 0

195.

1 6 1 .0 0 -

2 2 3 .0 0

----------------------------

223

90.

2 3 3 .5 0

231.

2 0 7 .0 0 -

2 6 2 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S A ------------ *-----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

59

90.

2 0 7 .0 0

207.

1 8 6 .5 0 -

39

90.

2 1 7 .0 0

207.

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S B ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------- ------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

235

40.

2 0 7 .0 0

38

40.

197

40.

63

40.

2 5 4 .0 0

263.

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S C -------------------------M AN UFA CT URING —
-------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

316

39.

2 1 0 .0 0

.
.

2 1 7 .0 0 -

86

78

66
37

82

40.

2 1 3 .0 0

1 6 8 .5 0 -

39.

2 0 9 .0 0

213.

1 9 2 .0 0 -

40.

2 3 0 .0 0

224.

2 1 2 .0 0 -

35

34

7

14
3

3

15

26

11

32

19

11

1

4

9

19

7

2

11

21
2

19
10

12

16

12

7

9

7

3

7

5

32

1

20

1

2 3 3 .5 0

112

1

2 4 7 .5 0

239

2

5

2 3 3 .5 0

212
201

79

5

2 8 3 .5 0

1 8 4 .5 0 -

24

1

24
5
19

12

2 4 4 .0 0

5

35

13
55
25

55
18
37
17

7
3

3

90.

U T IL IT IE S

105

26

313
655

PU B LIC

150

and
under

5
5

68

36
5
31
20

28
5
23
23

31
2

29

22

24
7
17
15

1

1

2

1

3
1

38
5
33
18

27
19
17

30
3
27
19

2

10
10

1

14
14

16
14

1

13
5

9

12

8

8

5

7
5
3

2

8

8

1

1

S E C R E T A R I E S * C L A S S D -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

358

40.

1 6 8 .0 0

159.

1 4 4 .0 0 -

1 7 8 .0 0

4

20

32

68

58

59

31

24

10

1 6 8 .5 0

161.

1 4 9 .0 0 -

1 8 1 .0 0

2

22

36

23

21

14

8

15
5

11

40.

185

40.

1 6 7 .5 0

155.

1 4 3 .5 0 -

1 7 2 .5 0

4

18

22
10

3

173

46

22

36

10

lO

2

10

3

11

S T E N O G R A P H E R S --------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

327

39.

1 7 7 .0 0

165.

1 4 0 .0 0 -

2 0 1 .5 0

15

29

30

45

23

30

32

19

14

25

16

6

1

1

15

28

29

16
16

6

S T E N O G R A P H E R S . 6 E N E R A L --------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

203

S T E N O G R A P H E R S . S E N I O R ----------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

129

92

40.

1 7 0 .0 0

170.

1 4 5 .0 0 -

39.

1 7 8 .5 0

164.

1 4 0 .0 0 -

2 0 2 .0 0

110

40.

2 1 2 .5 0

206.

1 6 1 .0 0 -

2 4 8 .0 0
2 0 1 .5 0

171.00

156.
158.

1 3 0 .0 0 -

181

130.00-

201.50

93

2 0 0 .5 0

201

1 5 8 .5 0 -

2 2 9 .0 0

40.

1 9 1 .5 0

175.

1 6 1 .5 0 -

2 0 2 .0 0

109

40.

1 9 1 .5 0

174.

1 4 9 .5 0 -

T R A N S C R I B I N 6 —M A C H IN E T Y P I S T S ------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

58

40.

1 5 0 .0 0

155.

38

40.

1 4 7 .5 0

137.

T Y P I S T S ----------------------- ---------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

309

39.

1 3 9 .0 0

109

40.

1 5 1 .0 0

195

39.

1 3 2 .5 0

25

40.

1 7 4 .0 0

170.

1 3 9 .0 0 -

1 7 5 .5 0

T Y P IS T S . CLASS A
-------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G — ---------------------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

75

3 9 .5

1 7 1 .0 0

1 5 6 .0 0

1 3 7 .0 0 -

1 9 9 .5 0

93

4 0 .0

1 7 8 .0 0

1 5 8 .0 0

1 3 9 .5 0 -

2 2 6 .5 0

1

32

3 9 .0

1 6 1 .5 0

1 4 4 .0 0

1 2 8 .0 0 -

1 7 4 .5 0

3

1

1 6 8 .5 0

.

10

18

17

6

2

13

2

1

35

17

28

19

17

13

16

1 7 9 .0 0

285

11

8

3

1

3

23
4

13

30

12

2 0 2 .0 0

4

13

17

11

1 3 3 .5 0 -

1 5 5 .5 0

22

1

17

2

1

1 3 2 .5 0 -

1 5 5 .5 0

17

1

12

2

1

133.

1 2 0 .0 0 -

1 5 0 .0 0

32

28

57

59

41

14

5

136.

1 2 5 .5 0 -

1 5 4 .0 0

2

11

18

27

11

18

2

1

130.

1 1 3 .5 0 -

1 4 4 .0 0

30

17

39

32

30

16

12

4

8

3

34

4

5

10

7

10

14

5

5

4

8

2

5

2

6

6

2

3 9 .0

1 2 9 .0 0

1 3 0 .0 0

1 1 5 .0 0 -

1 4 1 .0 0

29

26

47

52

31

4 0 .0

1 3 3 .5 0

1 3 3 .5 0

1 2 1 .0 0 -

1 4 0 .5 0

2

10

13

22

7

20
10

--------------------------------

163

3 9 .0

1 2 7 .0 0

1 2 6 .0 0

1 1 1 .5 0 -

1 4 1 .0 0

27

16

34

30

24

10

F I L E C L E R K S -------------------------------------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

269

3 9 .5

1 1 7 .5 0

1 1 1 .5 0

1 0 7 .0 0 -

1 1 9 .5 0

24

87

24

24

3

243

3 9 .5

1 1 7 .0 0

1 1 1 .5 0

1 0 7 .0 0 -

1 1 7 .5 0

24

78

21

5
1

24

3

1 2 1 .5 0
1 2 3 .0 0

1 1 7 .5 0

1 1 0 .0 0 -

1 2 9 .5 0

11

2

121.00

1 1 5 .0 0 -

1 4 9 .5 0

11

2

B -----------------------------------------------------------------------

NO NH AN UF AC TUR ING

F I L E C L E R K S . C L A S S B -------------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------F I L E C L E R K S . C L A S S C ------------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

229

86

3 9 .5

65

3 9 .0

169

4 0 .0

1 0 8 .5 0

1 0 8 .0 0

1 0 7 .0 0 -

1 1 1 .5 0

160

4 0 .0

1 0 8 .5 0

1 0 8 .0 0

1 0 7 .0 0 -

1 1 1 .5 0

12

26

18

19

15

75

62

6

1

73

60

6

1

5

20
20

See footnotes at end of tables.




3

5
1

10

10

12
4

11

12
12

66

T Y P IS T S . CLASS
M ANUFA CT URING

1

24
17

11

12
12

2

2

11

33
16

3

2

4

7

2

17

2

8

1

21

19
7

13
5

5
5

6

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Salt Lake City—Ogden, Utah, November 1977— Continued
W eek ly ^ a n d n g T ^ ™
( * t i ndard)

O c c u p a tio n

a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

A vera ge
w eek ly
hours1
(standard)

N u m ber o f w o rk ers
*

*
90

M ean2

M e d ia n 2

M iddle range 2

U nder

r e c e iv in g

$
100

$
110

s tr a ig h t- tim e
*

120

S
130

w e e k ly

$
14 0

e a r n in g s

t
150

$
160

o f—
%

*
170

18 0

i

190

S

t

200

210

$

*
220

230

S

%

240

260

S
280

S
300

and

320
and

under
90
100

110

120

130

140

15 0

160

17 0

180

200

210

220

230

240

-

190

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

2

_

2

_

4

-

-

_

_

260

280

300

320

over

A LL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
MESSENGERS --------------------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ----------------------------------SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS -----------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ----------------------------------SWITCHBOARO O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T S HANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ----------------------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------------ORDER CLERKS ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ----------------------------------ACCOUNTING CLERKS — ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ----------------------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------------ACCOUNTING C LER K S. CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING
r ----------------------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R IN G

------------------------------------

P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------------

ACCOUNTING C LER K S. CLASS B -------------M A N U FA C TU R IN G ------------------ ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------------BOOKKEEPING -M ACHINE OPERATORS ----------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

87

3 9 .5

$
1 1 9 .0 0

$
1 1 2 .5 0

$
$
1 0 3 .5 0 -1 3 0 .0 0

6

36

14

6

15

2

5

84

3 9 .5

1 1 8 .5 0

1 1 0 .0 0

1 0 3 .5 0 -1 3 0 .0 0

”

6

36

14

4

14

2

5

109

3 9 .5

1 3 8 .0 0

1 2 7 .0 0

1 1 0 .5 0 -1 5 2 .0 0

1

3

10

20

26

13

4

85

3 9 .5

1 3 7 .0 0

1 2 4 .0 0

1 1 0 .0 0 -1 5 2 .0 0

1

3

10

17

17

9

1 3 8 .0 0

1 2 2 .0 0 -1 5 5 .5 0

_

2

11

14

54

37

*

-

12

2

11

14

42

17
20

228

3 9 .5

1 4 7 .5 0

60

4 0 .0

1 4 4 .0 0

1 4 0 .5 0

1 3 0 .0 0 -1 5 1 .0 0

168

3 9 .5

1 4 8 .5 0

1 3 4 .5 0

1 2 1 .0 0 -1 5 5 .5 0

26

4 0 .0

2 0 8 .0 0

2 1 6 .0 0

1 4 0 .0 0 -2 4 0 .0 0

-

1 3 1 .0 0 -2 1 8 .0 0

_

1 1 9 .5 0 -1 7 8 .0 0

-

175

3 9 .0

43

4 0 .0

1 7 9 .5 0
1 5 5 .0 0

132

3 8 .5

1 8 7 .5 0

1 8 0 .0 0

1 5 0 .0 0 -2 3 5 .5 0

994

4 0 .0

1 5 7 .0 0

1 4 8 .5 0

1 3 0 .5 0 -1 7 3 .5 0

1 7 4 .0 0
1 7 4 .0 0

1 4 0 .5 0 -1 7 7 .0 0

1 4 4 .0 0

1 2 9 .5 0 -1 7 2 .5 0

2

4

123

4 0 .0

2 0 7 .5 0

2 1 6 .0 0

1 5 0 .5 0 -2 4 4 .0 0

“
_

1 8 0 .5 0

1 7 2 .5 0

1 4 5 .5 0 -2 1 0 .5 0

4 0 .0
3 9 ,5

1 7 9 .0 0
1 8 1 .0 0

1 7 3 .5 0
1 6 6 .0 0

3

“

1

3

1

-

2

37

22

15

9

2

6

1

7

-

8

10

9

4

29
6

12

6

5

2

6

1

“

“

~

~

1

8

24
2

1

18
16

14

8

3

7

”

15

-

-

-•

-

-

5

-

2

4

_

5

-

2

4

”

5

2

4

6

-

1

~

4

4
-

4

1

8

24

“

8

22

2

11

4

1

15

“

8

6

24

75

105

85

42

28

22

44

17

4

22

-

13

25

35

13

23

31

9

6

3

3

4

62

86

96

151

62

82

54

33

22

19

41

13

4

17

6

5

5

1

“

15

”

3

25

6

4

1

~

6
“

8
~

6

22

6

8

4

18

6

8

4

6
-

8
-

6

8

1
~

11

26

22

69

38

35

25

39

25

15

43

17

3

11

26

5
17

6
63

2
36

17
18

18
7

9
30

6
19

3
12

3
90

4
13

22
-

1

3

22

_
-

90

4 0 .0

2 3 2 .5 0

2 2 0 .5 0

2 1 2 .0 0 -2 4 6 .5 0

“

~

"*

“

“

5

i

“

15

-

-

24

6

3

18

-

582

4 0 .0

1 4 0 .0 0
1 4 3 .5 0

1 2 4 .0 0 -1 5 8 .5 0
1 3 2 .0 0 -1 5 3 .0 0

2

3
-

51

55
4

99
20

117
29

37

70

60

3

_

-

13

-

1
-

_

6

7
~

1

11

3
~

-

-

2

3

51

51

73
13
60

79

26

64

47

3

3

“

~

1
1

1
1

-

17

7
3

-

~

88
5

1
1

-

2
2

_

-

-

_

~

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

2

6
2
9

~

96

4 0 .0

1 4 0 .5 0
1 4 5 .0 0

486

4 0 .0

1 3 9 .5 0

1 3 9 .0 0

1 2 0 .0 0 -1 6 0 .0 0

33

4 0 .0

1 4 0 .0 0

1 2 6 .5 0

1 2 0 .0 0 -1 4 4 .0 0

-

-

1 4 8 .0 0

1 3 0 .0 0

1 2 9 .5 0 -1 7 6 .5 0

1 4 1 .0 0

1 3 0 .0 0

1 2 9 .5 0 -1 3 0 .0 0

MACHINE B I L L E R S -------»-----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

118

4 0 .0

1 4 1 .5 0

1 2 5 .0 0

1 1 6 .0 0 -1 6 6 .0 0

-

97

4 0 .0

1 4 1 .5 0

1 2 0 .0 0

1 1 6 .0 0 -1 7 0 .0 0

“

B IL L IN G -M A C H IN E B IL L E R S ---------------------

77

4 0 .0

1 4 8 .5 0

1 3 0 .0 0

1 1 6 .0 0 -1 7 0 .0 0

-

-

1 4 3 .5 0 -2 0 5 .0 0

_

-

104
38

66
478

1 8 0 .5 0

1 6 0 .0 0

4 0 .0

1 6 2 .0 0

1 5 4 .0 0

4 0 .0

1 9 1 .0 0

1 6 0 .5 0

-

1 6 2 .0 0

1 5 5 .5 0

1 4 1 .0 0 -1 8 0 .0 0

99

4 0 .0

1 4 7 .5 0

1 4 4 .5 0

1 3 2 .5 0 -1 6 1 .0 0

4 0 .0

4 0 .0

1 6 5 .5 0

1 5 9 .0 0

-

4 0 .0

1 9 3 .5 0

1 9 1 .0 0

1 7 0 .0 0 -2 2 2 .5 0

1 8 3 .0 0

1 7 7 .0 0

1 6 0 .5 0 -1 9 3 .5 0

-

1 8 7 .5 0

1 8 0 .0 0
2 0 0 .0 0

1

-

“

12

38

7

15
13

13

17

5

15

1

11

3

12
7
5

-

-

12

4

7

7

2

4

8

5

2

~

-

1 8 3 .5 0 -2 4 3 .0 0

2

~

9

3

2
-

8

15

11

87
23

1

26

41

3

64
12

2

2

-

-

1

-

11

14

14

1

~

_

370

4 0 .0

1 5 5 .5 0

1 5 0 .0 0

1 3 7 .5 0 -1 7 0 .0 0

_

78

4 0 .0

1 4 3 .5 0

1 4 0 .0 0

1 2 6 .5 0 -1 6 0 .0 0

292

4 0 .0

1 5 9 .0 0

1 5 2 .0 0

1 4 0 .0 0 -1 7 2 .0 0

-

2

66

51

9
57

33

18

2

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

~

5
1

“

4

21

7

16

10

9

2

17

18

22

1

10

1

10

5

10

9

16

19

“

“

6

1

-

6

3
2
2

29

18

5

29

18

5

52

37

32

5

13

25

41

59

47

24

23

21

5

-

-

6

-

-

“
-

~

3

6

1
-

“

6

~

3
3

-

6

-

_

-

6

-

-

-

1

-

6

-

-

2

16

-

_

-

-

-

-

2

16

5

-

5

1

3

9

1

3

~

"

15

17

5

1

5

15

76

3

-

19

11

7

1
8

19

52

“

2

3

15

4

”

1

51

40

7

5

48

9

-

-

9

2

11

50

6

6
4

39

8

-

4
_

6

~

“

-

8
_

20

15

-

6

20

4

52

-

20

“

5

41

-

9

9

9

9

“

“

1

-

1 6 5 .0 0 -2 0 0 .0 0

2 1 8 .5 0

“

42

-

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

-

3

-■

_

87

4 0 .0

3

2

_
-

108
87

7
7

13

-

1 4 3 .0 0 -1 8 3 .5 0

25

16
12

13

1 3 7 .0 0 -2 1 6 .0 0

379

-

<
1

1

1 4 4 .0 0 -1 7 6 .5 0

4 0 .0

“

S e e fo o tn o te s at en d o f ta b le s .




12

1

4 0 .0

KEYPUNCH O PERATO RS. CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

2

1

1 6 0 .5 0 -1 8 3 .0 0
1 4 4 * 0 0 —2 1 6 * 0 0

4 0 .0

KEYPUNCH O PERATO RS. C LASS A ----------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------------

4

4

“

4 0 .0

1

~

“

1 5 5 .5 0

1 5 6 .5 0

1

186

52

1 6 0 .0 0

4

8

9
66

4 0 .0

14

121

4
52

4 0 .0

8

1

2

99

9

171

412

1

4
-

823

75
337

1

2

38

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PU B LIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------------

4

25
16

9

25

PAYROLL CLERKS ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

5

“

2
“

-

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Salt Lake City—
Ogden, Utah, November 1977
W eek ly e a r n in g s ^ ^
(standard)

O c c u p a tio n

a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
w o ik e n

A vera ge
w eek ly
hours1
(standard)

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
S

M ean2

M e d ia n 2

M iddle range 2

120
and
under
130

$

130

S

140

S

150

$

160

s

170

*

180

$

190

S

2 00

$

220

S

240

s

260

$

28 0

S

300

$

320

*

340

S

360

*

380

s

4 00

S

420

s

460

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

140

150

160

170

180

1 90

200

2 20

240

260

2 80

3 00

3 20

340

3 60

3 80

400

420

460

5 00

1

1

5
2

7
5

18
13

14
10

10
8

6
4

4
■*

6
6

3
2

-

4

4

2

4

3

1

6

3

3

-

-

1
1

-

COMPUTER SYSTEM S ANALYSTS
(B U S IN E S S )* CLASS A -------------------------COMPUTER SYSTEM S ANALYSTS
(B U S IN E S S )* CLASS B -------------------------COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S IN E S S ) —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

75

4 0 .0

3 5 4 .6 0

3 2 3 .5 0 -3 7 9 .5 0

50

4 0 .0

3 6 1 .0 0

3 5 5 .0 0

3 2 7 .0 0 -3 7 7 .5 0

3 8 4 .0 0

3 7 4 .0 0

3 3 7 .5 0 -4 3 3 .0 0

27

o

COMPUTER SYSTEM S ANALYSTS
(B U S IN E S S ) ----------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

o

ALL WORKERS

40

4 0 .0

3 4 6 .0 0

3 5 5 .0 0

4 0 .0

2 7 1 .0 0

2 6 8 .5 0

2 4 0 .0 0 -3 1 3 .0 0

1

37

4 0 .0

2 7 5 .5 0

2 8 8 .5 0

2 2 0 .0 0 -3 1 9 .0 0

179

4 0 .0

2 7 0 .5 0

2 6 8 .0 0

2 4 0 .5 0 -3 1 2 .5 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S IN E S S )*
CLASS A ------------------* ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

46

4 0 .0

3 3 1 .0 0

3 3 2 .5 0

4 0 .0

3 2 8 .5 0

3 2 3 .0 0

121

4 0 .0

2 7 2 .5 0

2 7 0 .5 0

2 4 1 .5 0 -3 0 6 .0 0

99

4 0 .0

2 7 4 .5 0

2 7 0 .5 0

49

4 0 .0

2 1 2 .0 0

1 8 8 .5 0

1 8 4 .0 0 -2 4 4 .5 0

43

4 0 .0

2 1 0 .5 0

1 8 8 .5 0

1 8 4 .0 0 -2 4 4 .5 0

245

3 9 .5

2 0 0 .5 0

1 8 7 .5 0

1 6 1 .0 0 -2 3 3 .5 0

36

4 0 .0

1 8 6 .0 0

1 8 3 .5 0

1 7 1 .0 0 -1 9 4 .0 0

-

-

-

2 4 1 .5 0 -3 0 6 .0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S IN E S S )*
CLASS C -----------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

_

2

-

3
3

_
-

23

1

-

-

23

1

9
5
4

16
3
13

3 0 1 .0 0 -3 6 1 .5 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S IN E S S )•
CLASS B -----------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

_

3 0 2 .5 0 -3 6 2 .0 0

37

_

COMPUTER OPERATORS ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ~ r --------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING --------------------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------------COMPUTER OPERATORS* CLASS A --------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------COMPUTER O PERATO RS. CLASS B --------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------COMPUTER OPERATORS* CLASS C --------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

209

3 9 .5

2 0 2 .5 0

1 9 0 .0 0

1 6 0 .0 0 -2 3 6 .5 0

56

4 0 .0

2 5 7 .0 0

2 5 2 .5 0

2 3 0 .0 0 -2 8 4 .5 0

54

3 9 .5

2 5 2 .0 0

2 3 5 .5 0

46

3 9 .5

2 5 6 .5 0

2 5 1 .0 0

2 1 8 .5 0 -2 9 0 .5 0
2 1 8 .5 0 -2 9 3 .5 0

1 8 4 .0 0
1 8 4 .0 0

1 6 6 .5 0 -2 2 2 .0 0

134

3 9 .5

1 9 2 .0 0

116

• 3 9 .5

1 9 3 .5 0

1 6 8 .5 0 -2 1 6 .5 0

57

4 0 .0

1 7 0 .5 0

1 5 9 .0 0

1 3 5 .0 0 -1 9 9 .0 0

47

4 0 .0

1 7 3 .5 0

1 5 9 .0 0

1 3 5 .0 0 -2 0 0 .0 0

DRAFTERS -----------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

368

4 0 .0

2 2 5 .0 0

2 2 3 .5 0

1 8 8 .0 0 -2 6 4 .0 0

269

4 0 .0

2 1 7 .0 0

2 1 1 .5 0

1 7 3 .0 0 -2 6 4 .0 0

D R A FTER S* CLASS A --------------------------------MANUFACTURING — * ---------------------------------

113

4 0 .0

2 7 6 .5 0

2 7 4 .0 0

2 5 9 .0 0 -2 9 7 .5 0

77

4 0 .0

2 7 7 .0 0

2 7 6 .0 0

2 6 1 .0 0 -2 8 9 .0 0

D R A FTER S* CLASS B --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

130

4 0 .0

2 3 1 .5 0

2 2 5 .0 0

4 0 .0

2 2 8 .0 0

2 2 3 .0 0

2 0 5 .5 0 -2 5 0 .5 0

D R A F TE R S . CLASS C --------------------------------MANUFACTURING — ----------------------------------

115

4 0 .0

1 7 7 .0 0

1 7 6 .5 0

1 4 0 .0 0 -2 0 7 .0 0

79

4 0 .0

1 5 7 .0 0

1 6 1 .0 0

1 3 6 .0 0 -1 7 6 .5 0

_

_

“

“

_

_

_

-

-

-

7
2
5
-

20

7
1
6

_

-

20

1

_

_

_

“

2
2

2

_

-

-

24
3
21
1

14
3
11
1

24
3
21

2

9

12

6

3

22
8
14

27
3
24

17
2
15

11
3
8

10
3
7

4
1
3

3
3

5
3

6
6

9
7

6
4

9
7

4
3

_

5
4

1
“

_

_

_

_

9
4

9
8

32
28

19
18

17
11

20
18

8
8

_

7
5

8
8

5
4

_

1

_

”
7
7
6

2
2
2

9
~
9
9

23
23

1
1

32
12
20
5

12
3
9
-

27
3
24
6

25
5
20
6

20
20
15

15
i
14
5

11
6

2
2

8
7

4
4

2
2

9
9

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

1
1

_

-

2
2

-

1
1

13
12

1
1

5
5

4
4

17
16

8
8

18
15

30
20

8
6

12
10

11
11

11
11

6
6

3
3

6
4

15
15

3
2

6
4

6
3

4
4

1
-

3
2

2
2

3
3

7
7

1
1

~

“

-

10
10

24
24

13
13

2
2

10
10

18
18

26
20

14
12

49
32

45
26

37
18

61
43

31
24

15
4

9
9

4
4

-

_

-

-

-

9
6

4
4

17

-

8

35
25

22
19

13
2

9
9

4
4

26
18

9
5

2
2

-

-

1

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

10
7

8

-

8

29
26

25
22

16
10

24
24

13
13

2
2

10
10

13
13

16
13

6

11

16

4

5

4

-

“

1
1

”

_

_

-

_

_

-

-

~

~

“

~

“

*

”
“

-

-

~

-

”

-

-

-

-

-

-

”

_

~

-

“

-

_

“

”

_

-

-

"

-

See footnotes at end of tables.




_

3

27
2
25

-

2 0 7 .0 0 -2 6 1 .5 0

103

2

“

1

43
4
39
3
3

3 2 5 .5 0 -3 6 4 .5 0

216

-

-

~

-

-

-

“

“

“

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Salt Lake City—
Ogden, Utah, November 1977— Continued
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s tr a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—
$
s
s
t
%
s
S
S
S
S
S
$

Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number
O c c u p a tio n

an d

in d u s t r y

d iv is io n

of

woiken

Average
weekly
(standard)

120

Mean2

Middle range2

Median2

and
under
130

A LL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
ELEC TR O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N S ------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONNANUFACTURING ---------------------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------------

545
386
159
159

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

$
25 9 . 0 0
248.00
285.50
2 8 5. 50

ELEC TR O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N S . CLASS A NANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

140
122

40.0
40.0

276
148
128

ELEC TR O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N S . C LASS B MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------n o n h a n u f a c t u r in g :
PU B LIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------------

$

$

$

25 6. 0 0
2 3 8. 5 0
2 9 4. 5 0
2 9 4. 5 0

214.0 0 -3 0 2 .0 0
210.5 0 -2 7 8 .0 0
238.5 0 -3 2 3 .5 0
238.5 0 -3 2 3 .5 0

30 0 . 5 0
2 9 5. 50

28 9. 0 0
28 3. 00

270.0 0 -3 3 5 .0 0
269.5 0 -3 2 0 .0 0

40.0
40.0

265.50
24 7 . 5 0

25 4. 0 0
23 7. 00

285.50

30 2. 00

140

160

S

S

S

%

$

t

s

*

s

160

170

~

~
~

~

-

254.0 0 -3 2 3 .5 0

190

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

300

3 20

340

360

380

400

420

460

500

18
18
-

24
19
5
5

27
27
-

102
87
15
15

68
48
20
20

43
31
12
12

62
61
1
1

62
35
27
27

25
10
15
15

84
29
55
55

26
21
5
5

4

-

-

-

-

-

150

180

-

140

170
-

-

“

1
1

11
11

41
41

31
26

10
10

16
12

30
20

20
20

28
6

15
-

68
17

10

-

22

15

51

-

~

48
38

“

See fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le s .




150

227.00-313.50
219.00-262.50

40.0

-

130

6

10

67
47
20

26
21

4
4
4
-

-

-

~

-

-t

460

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-*

-

_

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in Salt Lake City—Ogden, Utah, November 1977
S e x, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Weekly
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

O F F IC E OCCUPATIONS - HEN
MESSENGERS -------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------

39.5
39.5

$
1 2 9. 00
12 9.0 0

S e x, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Weekly
hours *
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

40.0
40.0

21 9 . 0 0
226.00

ACCOUNTING CLERKS — ---------------------NONHANUFACTURING ----------------------

40.0
40.0

23 1 . 0 0
22 9. 0 0

ACCOUNTING C LER K S. CLASS A NONHANUFACTURING ----------------------

40.0
40.0

23 1 . 0 0
22 9 . 0 0

O F F IC E OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

T Y P IS T S - CONTINUED
T Y P IS T S . CLASS A -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING — •*----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

73
41
32

3 9 .5
40.0
39.0

$
1 7 2 .5 0
1 8 0 .5 0
1 6 1 .5 0

T Y P IS T S . CLASS B -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

229
66
163

39.0
40.0
39.0

1 2 9. 00
1 3 3 .5 0
1 2 7 .0 0

F IL E C L E R K S -----------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

268
243

39.5
39.5

1 1 7. 50
1 1 7 .0 0

85
65

3 9 .5
39.0

1 2 1. 50
1 2 3. 00

S E C R E TA R IE S -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING — — -------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S -------------

963
313
6 50
218

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0

193.0 0
1 8 4. 00
197. 00
23 2.5 0

S E C R E T A R IE S . C LASS A -----------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------

54
34

40.0
40.0

20 7.0 0
21 7.0 0

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S -------------

234
38
196
62

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

20 6.5 0
189.5 0
21 0.0 0
2 5 3. 50

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS C -----------

314

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

21 0 . 0 0
2 1 3. 00
20 8 . 5 0
22 9 . 5 0

173

40.0
40.0
40.0

16 7.5 0
16 8.5 0
1 6 6. 50

STENOGRAPHERS --------------------------------MANUFACTURING — t ------------------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S -------------

285
110

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

17 7.0 0
17 0.0 0
17 8.5 0
21 2 . 5 0

STENOG RAPHERS. GENERAL -----NONMANUFACTURING -----------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S -------------

203
181
93

39.5
39.5
40.0

16 8. 5 0
17 1.0 0
20 0 . 5 0

ACCOUNTING C LER K S. CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING — t ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------------

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

1 4 0. 50
1 4 5. 00
1 3 9. 50
1 4 0 .0 0

STENOG RAPHERS. SENIO R --------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------

124
104

40.0
40.0

19 1. 5 0
1 9 1. 50

BO O KKEEPING-M ACHINE OPERATORS ----------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

40.0
40.0

1 4 8. 00
1 4 1. 00

TR A N SC R IB IN G -M A C H IN E T Y P IS T S
NONHANUFACTURING ------------------

58
38

40.0
40.0

15 0. 0 0
14 7.5 0

MACHINE B I L L E R S --------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

4 0 . 0 1 3 2 .5 0
4 0 . 0 1 3 0. 50

T Y P IS T S ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S -------------

302
107
195

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0

13 9.5 0
15 1.5 0
13 2.5 0
17 4.0 0

B IL L IN G -M A C H IN E B IL L E R S ---------------------

4 0 . 0 1 3 5 .0 0

MANUFACTURING ---^ ---------------

NONHANUFACTURING -----------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S ------------S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS D ----------MANUFACTURING
-------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------

82

232
1 10

356
183

F IL E C LER K S. CLASS C --------------------------------NONHA NUFAC TUi^I N G -----------------------------------

164 4 0 . 0
160 4 0 . 0

Weekly
Weekly
earnings1
hours1
(standard) (standard)

55
54

40.0
40.0

1 1 4 .5 0
1 1 4. 00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

109 3 9 . 5
85 3 9 . 5

1 3 8 .0 0
1 3 7. 00

SWITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T S MANUFACTURING — .----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

226 3 9 .5
60 4 0 . 0
166 3 9 . 5

1 4 6. 00
1 4 4. 00
1 4 6. 50

37.5

456
95
361
69

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

KEYPUNCH O PERATO RS. CLASS A
NONHANUFACTURING ----------------------

105
84

4 0 .0 1 8 0 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 8 4 .0 0

KEYPUNCH O PERATO RS. CLASS B
MANUFACTURING — . ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

351
74
277

4 0 .0 1 5 5 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 4 2 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 5 9 .0 0

64

4 0 .0 3 6 1 .5 0

39

4 0 .0 3 4 6 .0 0

27

4 0 .0 2 8 5 .5 0

38
30

3 9 .5 2 5 1 .5 0
3 9 .5 2 5 8 .0 0

313
260

4 0 .0 2 2 2 .0 0
4 0 .0 2 1 7 .5 0

D R A FTE R S . C LASS A
MANUFACTURING —

104
76

4 0 .0 2 7 4 .0 0
4 0 .0 2 7 7 .5 0

D R A FTER S. CLASS B --------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

112
100

4 0 .0 2 2 7 .0 0
4 0 .0 2 2 7 .5 0

74

4 0 .0 1 5 6 .0 0

PR O FESSIO N A L AND TEC H N IC AL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

1 3 8. 00

3 6 .5

1 3 5 .5 0

ORDER CLERKS --------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

ACCOUNTING CLERKS — ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PU B LIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------------ACCOUNTING C LER K S. CLASS A ------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PU B LIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------------

PAYROLL CLERKS ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

7

944 4 0 • 0
164 4 0 . 0
40.0
40.0

1 5 3. 00
1 5 6 .5 0
1 5 2. 50
1 9 6 .5 0

3 9 .5
40.0
39.5
40.0

1 7 3. 50
1 7 2. 50
173 .50
2 2 6 .0 0

40.0
40.0
3 9 .5

1 6 1 .0 0
1 4 6 .5 0
1 6 5 .0 0
1 9 7 .0 0

MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PU B LIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------

1 0 8 .5 0
1 0 8 .5 0

M E S S E N G E R S -------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

See footnotes at end of tables.




S e x, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

O FFIC E OCCUPATIONS
WOMEN— CONTINUED

O F F IC E OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

F IL E C LER K S. CLASS B ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

ORDER CLERKS --------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ----------------------

Average
(mean^)

Average
(mean2)

Average
(mean2)

1 6 4 .0 0
1 6 2 .0 0
1 6 6. 00

(B U S IN E S S )
COMPUTER SYSTEM S ANALYSTS
(B U S IN E S S ). CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING
COMPUTER OPERATO RS. CLASS A
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------DRAFTERS --------------

MANUFACTURING

D R A FTER S. C LASS CC
MANUFACTURING — r-

518
382
136
136

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

ELEC TR O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N S . CLASS AMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

140
122

4 0 .0 3 0 0 .5 0
4 0 .0 2 9 5 .5 0

ELEC TR O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N S . CLASS BMANUFACTURING — r ---------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g :
P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------------

252
147

4 0 .0 2 6 2 .5 0
4 0 .0 2 4 8 .0 0

105

4 0 .0 2 8 3 .0 0

ELEC TR O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N S
MANUFACTURING --------------NONHANUFACTURING -------PU B LIC U T IL IT IE S —

2 5 7 .5 0
2 4 8 .5 0
2 8 3 .0 0
2 8 3 .0 0

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in Salt Lake City—
Ogden, Utah, November 1977
Hourly earnings 4

N um ber

of w orkers

rec e iv in g

s tra igh t-tim e

h o u rly ea rn in g s

of—

S

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s try d iv is io n
rkers

Mean 2

Medi an2

Middle range 2

U nder

*

$

$

S

S

s

$

$

i

t

4 .0 0
,
and

4 . 20

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 . 00

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

S
6 .2 0

$

!

6 .4 0

6 .6 0

6 .8 0

!
.0 0

~

~

S
.2 0

$

7 .4 0

*

7 .6 0

7 .8 0

8 .0 0

8 .2 0

.8 0

8 .0 0

8 .2 0

over

~

“

4 .00
4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 . 20

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6 .4 0

3

5 .4 0

6 .6 0

.0 0

3

4

2

6 .6 0

13

4

.2 0

7 .4 0

7 .6 0

ALL WORKERS
M AINTENANCE CARPENTERS ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------M AINTENANCE E L E C T R IC IA N S ----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------M AINTENANCE M A C H IN IS TS ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (M A C H IN ER Y) MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR V E H IC L E S ) ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------------

53

$
7 .3 0

$
7 .3 8

$
6 .8 8 -

$
7 .9 0

32

7 .4 5

7 .9 0

7 .3 8 -

7 .9 0

“

-

161

7 .4 8

8 .0 6

6 .7 4 -

8 .1 4

-

140

7 .4 7

8 .0 8

6 .7 4 -

8 .14

7 .3 1

8 .1 0

6 .2 7 -

8 . 14

-

100

7 .3 3

8 .1 0

6 .3 2 -

8 .1 4

155

7 .2 4

7 .6 3

6 .3 7 -

7 .9 0

130

7 . 19

7 .5 8

6 .3 5 -

7 .9 0

424

“
-

*

102

-

-

~
-

8 .3 6

9 . 14

8 .0 4 -

9 .2 6

6 . 17

6 .1 7 -

6 .7 0

8 .7 4

9 . 14

8 .9 2 -

9 .2 6

306

8 .8 3

9 .1 4

9 .1 4 -

9 .2 6

"

M AINTENANCE TRADES H E L P E R S :
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

110

6 .3 8

6 .9 3

6 .5 3 -

7 . 18

5

10

TOOL AND D IE MAKERS -----------------------------------

72

6 .7 1
6*71

6 .1 3 6 .1 3 -

7 .06
7 .06

6 .5 9

5 .7 4 -

6 .9 6

-

-

~

~

42

6 . 38

* W o r k e r s w e re a t $ 8 .2 0 to $ 8 .4 0 .
# * W o r k e r s w e re d is tr ib u te d as fo llo w s :

_

4
~

_

1

1
1

-

4

4

3

1

6

12

13

5

5

6

8

_

5

4

67

*21

1

6

12

6

5

5

6

8

-

-

4

67

12

-

-

-

-

13

10

2

2

1

2

6

1

_

_

~

11

10

2

2

1

2

6

1

-

-

3

17

6

57

3

17

4

57

”

2
-»

3

i

4

-

11

29

1

5

1

1

2

i

4

“

11

29

1

1

1

_

13

_

9

17

4

-

8
8

26

_

15

-

1
-

12
-

2
-

8
-

2

2

-

1

12

2

8

~

~

"

~

1

12

15

-

42

-

28

1
1

13
13

4
4

10
10

5

1

9

3

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

2

2

-

_

-

~

18
18

1 1
1 1

i

2

2

1

'
6 a t $ 8 .2 0 to $ 8 .4 0 ; 22 a t $ 8 .8 0 to $ 9 ; 118 a t $ 9 to $ 9 .2 0 ; 125 a t $ 9 .2 0 to $ 9 .4 0 .

“

7

26

~

2

.

_

-

5

-

4

2
“*

8

3

4

~

1

16
18

"

4

”
1

7

4

4

~

7

1

4

“

See fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le s .




8

“

1

1

-

8

-

“

72

-

"

-

--------------------------------------------------

-

~

~

~

6 .5 2

M ANUFACTURING

-

-

72

STA TIO N A R Y EN G IN EERS ---------------------------------

-

-*

“

352

6 .6 4
6 .6 4

-»

1

“

~

“

“
3

-

-

11

-

2
2
-

57
_

_
15
*

53 * * 2 7 1
13

-

4

40

271

28

6

11
1

_

57

247

2
2
-

-

3

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Salt Lake City—
Ogden, Utah, November 1977
Hourly earnings 4

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s try d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

N um ber

of w o rk ers

rec e iv in g

s tra ig h t-tim e

h o u rly e a rn in g S of—

%

Me di an2

Middle range 2

*

s

$

S

*

s

s

s

*

*

$

*

*

%

S

%

s

*

2 .3 0
Mean 2

$
2 .6 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .00

3 .20

3 .6 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6 .6 0

6 .6 0

4

80

5 .0 0

5 .6 0

5 .80

6 .20

6 . 60

7 .0 0

.6 0

.8 0

8 .2 0

2 .6 0

2 .80

3 .0 0

3 .20

3 .6 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .6 0

6 .6 0

4 ,8 0

5 . 00

5 .6 0

5 .80

6 .2 0

6 .6 0

7 . 00

7 .6 0

.8 0

.2 0

8 .6 0

~

~

36

9

56

279

2

26
-

96

-

27
-

10

-

i

and
under
2 .6 0

ALL WORKERS
TRU C K D RIVERS --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------T R U C K D R IV E R S . L IG H T TRUCK —
MANUFACTURING ~ t------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------T R U C K D R IV E R S . MEDIUM TRUCK MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONNANUFAC T U R IN G ---------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------T R U C K D R IV E R S . HEAVY TRUCK
(T R A IL E R ) ------------- -----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONftANUFACTURING ---------------------P U B LIC U T I L I T I E S -------------—
T R U C K D R IV E R S . HEAVY TRUCK
(OTHER THAN T R A IL E R ) -----------MANUFACTURING — ----------------------S H IP P IN G CLERKS ------ t ---------------------R E C E IV IN G CLERKS ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

1 .6 5 3

$
6 .0 8

$
6 . 30

$
6 .5 0 -

$
7 .37

322

5 .6 7

6 .0 9

6 .3 5
7 .62

-

6 . 18

6 .6 3

682

7 .6 2

7 .6 2

7 .3 7 -

276

3 .9 1

3 .7 5

3 .6 5 -

6 .05

_

-

-

-

48

5 . 05

6 .6 7

3 .7 0 -

6 .9 2

3 .6 7

3 .7 5

3 . 6 5-i

6 .0 5

6 .7 1

7 .37

5 .9 0 -

8 .6 9

_

32

27

1

25

9

2

36

115

31

11

-

91

10

129

65

25

268

10

1

“

126

21

3

188

10

“

332

66

13

17

5

-

1

-

5

9

5

-

-

-

-

5

9

5

-

“

“

~

-

”

~

33

191

-

-

176
-

6

-

8

6

“

13

66

13

9

1

2

-

9
-

-

_

9
-

28

16

4

3

29
-

5

-

9
-»

5

12

9

-

9

-

9

25

29

“

2

5 .6 6

6 .99

6 .7 3 -

6 .7 1

-

-

9
-

631

6 .8 0

7 .37

5 .9 0 -

8 .6 9

-

-

9

686

7 .6 1

6 .6 3 -

8 .6 9

65

7 .37

526

6 .3 8

6 .0 9

6 .5 0 -

8 .6 9

90

5 .5 6

5 .8 5

6 .8 3 -

“

_

27

52

~

_

~

_

”

_

_

-

-

~

**

“

_

6

_

-7

-

6

-

_

-

58

“

636

6 .5 5

7 . 07

6 .5 0 -

167

8 .3 6

8 .5 6

8 .4 9 -

“

1
11

2

3

5

2

1

10

123

26
-

9

6

123

24

26

185

-

120

“

2

185

8 .56
8 .5 6

83

10

-

168

1

83

10

~

168

1

3

10

110

_

_

30

38

18

36

5

16

2

26

-

10

36

-

13

122

5

6

38

8

6 . 10

6 .3 0

6 .3 0 -

6 .3 5

9

_

16

139

6 .0 2

6 .3 0

6 .3 0 -

6 .3 5

9

+

12

7

9

_

8

110

_

“

■

5 .2 3

6 .87

6 .d 7 -

5 .8 2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

2

1

9

-

6

6

1

-

-

-

-

4 .6 6

3 .9 6 5 .2 9 -

5 .3 6
5 .6 6

-

-

-

4

17

14

7

27

23

3

-

-

-

-

3

-

7

2

-

~

-

-

3

2

3

3

2

17

7

9

2

11

3
4

8

~

16

2
-

11

~

7
-

9

-

3
-

3

~

2
-

19

16

1

-

-

-

-

6
6

2

5

16

2

1

-

2

2

16

2

27

5 .2 1
5 .5 7

6 .5 0 -

5 .6 6
5 .6 6

~

WAREHOUSEMEN --------------------------------------

698

5 .1 3

6 .9 0

6 .3 0 -

-

8

6 .8 1

6 .5 1

3 .9 8 -

6 .3 2
5 .2 9

_

158

-

-

8

560

5 .2 2

5 . 05

4 .4 9 -

6 .6 0

-

~

822

6 .6 8

6 .27

6 .0 0 -

6 .9 0

-

1

731

6 .6 6

6 .0 8

3 .8 2 -

6 .9 0

-

1

-

30

6 .6 7 -

-

-

2

-

2

-

-

2

-

“

~

~

2

“

1
1

10

“
6

26

20

60

15

23

89

58

33

70

2

11
6

38

2

6

6

12

6

11

25

22

3

18

4

22

7

32

16

28

11

12

66

36

30

52

15

i

15

22

7

111

2 1

192

58

77

36

88

15

i

15

22

7

111

21

180

58

25

36

88

13

10

16

5

10

11

16

16

-

6

2

2

8

8

10

6

8

11

6

16

“

6

2

3

-

-

3
“

15

163

36

12

23

7

-

1

9

9

5

1

-

27

5

162

27

3

18

6

57

9

30

70

-

3

9

-

-

57

9

3

70

~

3

9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

83
83

-»

-

669

3 .6 6

3 .3 8

2 .8 5 -

3 .8 1

3 .3 8

3 .6 0

2 .8 5 -

3 .8 3

M A T E R I A L H AND LIN G LAB ORERS
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

1 .11 5

6 .6 0

6 .3 1

6 .3 3 -

8 .6 9

_

16

-

-

19

29

30

36

25

106

35

8

2D

21

10

150

36

68

265

5 .1 1

5 .7 0

6 .0 7 -

5 .8 5

-

-

-

-

1

2

3

25

25

11

19

6

10

-

~

70

36

37

870

6 .7 7

8 .3 9

6 .8 7 -

8 .6 9

-

16

18

27

27

9

93

16

2

10

21

10

80

---------

627

7 .9 0

8 .6 9

7 .2 7 -

8 .6 9

~

1

~

F O R K L I F T O P E R A T O R S --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

319

5 .6 2

5 .1 5

6 .6 8 -

6 .6 6

_

3

1

-

10

25

2

39

-

3
-

1

2

30

-

-

9
1

26

-

U T IL IT IE S

---------

5 .3 6

5-29

6 .3 5 -

6 .5 5

5 .8 8

5 .1 5

5 .1 0 -

7 .3 7

53

8 .0 5

8 .6 9

7 .3 7 -

“

~

1

-

1

1
-

-

8 .6 9

9

“

2
1

11
2

9

1

9

6

See footnotes at end of tables.




-■

“

10

15

1

9

-

10

79

159

“

-

“

106

160

-

2

~

— ----------------------------------

PU B LIC

8

“

25

5 .2 3
5 . 18

NONMANUFACTURING --------------

168

135

66

U T IL IT IE S

176
176

5

7

1

6

10

157

S H IP P IN G AND R E C E IV IN G CLERKS
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

PU B LIC

-

"

5

-

~

NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

332
332

-

6
i

“

123

-

6

6 .0 9

5 .3 6

S H I P P I N G PA C KE R S
M AN UFACTUR ING

160

20

51

18

3 .9 6 -

--------------------------

163

5

11

9

6 .2 3

F ILLE R S

30

39

8

23

5 .5 5

NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

56

18

1

-

6 .6 6

ORDER

50

23
131

52

2
-

25

NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

26

6
66

13
-

110

--------------------------

156

3

18
I

4 .6 0
5 .3 0

M AN UFA CT URING

58
6
52

27

“

676

10

27
-»

8 .6 9

226

27

9
-

26

1

1 .33 1

6 .8 3 6 .5 0 -

1

2

80

92

13

17

12

75

1

-

669

-

11
11

-

83

“

~

669

29

8

39

-

-

28

_

4

26

-

36
~

1

6

15

-

36

-

36

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Salt Lake City—
Ogden, Utah, November 1977— Continued
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s tr a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f—
s
S
S
s
*
*
$
s
$
$

Hourly earnings *

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s try d iv is io n

Number
of

2 .30

Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

~-----"5----s

%

%

2 .60

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .20

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

$
4 .4 0

%

2 .4 0

4 .6 0

.8 0

5 .0 0

.4 0

5 .8 0

6 .2 0

6 .6 0

7 .0 0

7 .4 0

7 .8 0

8 .2 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

.0 0

5 .4 0

.8 0

6 .2 0

6 .6 0

7 .0 0

7 .4 0

.8 0

8 .2 0

8 .6 0

14

4

10

$

S

1------5

and
under
2 .40

A LL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
541
74
467

$
3. 10
5. 26
2.76

$
2.50
4.81
2.50

$
2.503.892. 50'-.

$
3.00
7.04
2.62

73

252

57

23

73

252

57

15

14

MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

64

5.43

5. 13

3.93-

7.17

-

-

-

8

-

-

JA N IT O R S * PO R TERS* AND CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING — »----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------------

1*106
306
800
76

3.31
4.29
2.94
5.03

2.84
3.87
2.45
4.93

2.303.432.30-.
4.43-

4.00
5.37
3.00
6.12

319

148

76

116

35

14

319

147

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING — * ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

-

8

g uards:

-

1

9

6

17

6

5

11

1

-

19

8
1

4

i

4

3

1

6

13

6

15

3

6

”

4

5

7

1

-

4

1

4

1

37

70

2

52

11

36

37

38

3

19

4

18

23
-

27

22

2

32

29

2

33

7

18

23

10

16

1

20

8

7

2

16

3

6

6

20

6

1

4

59

11

1

14

63

72

57

24

13

23

7
1

5

2

See fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le s .




3

3

-

10

-

14

3

1

5

1

“

“

17

-

5

-

17

7

-

-

52

37

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

17

5

7

“

1

“

~

*




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom,
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex.
in Salt Lake City—Ogden, Utah, November 1977
Num
ber
of
w
orkers

S e x , 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv is io n

HA I N T E N A N C E •
POW ERPLANT
M AINTE NA NC E

CARPENTERS

M ANUFACTURING
M AINTE NA NC E

T O O L ROOM >

O C CU PATIO NS

S e x , 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

M ATE RIAL

AND
-

MOVEMENT

O C C U PATIO N S

MEN

----------------------------

-------------------------------------------

E LE C T R IC IA N S

M ANUFACTURING

Average
(mean2)
hourly
earnings4

------------------------

-------------------------------------------

53
32

$
7.30
7.45

161
140

7.48
7.47

102
100

7 .3 1
7.33

155
130

7.24
7 . 19

S H IP P IN G

AND

-

R E C E IV IN G

M ANUFACTURING
WAREHOUSEMEN

M A C H IN IS T S

M ANUFACTURING

-----------------------------

-------------------------------------------

ORD ER

F IL L E R S

M ECHANICS

(M A C H IN E R Y )

-

-----------

------------------------------------------------------------------------------

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

(M OTOR

r ------------------------------------

V E H I C L E S ) ' — ---------------- -------------------------------------------------------------

NONM ANUFACTURING

m a in t e n a n c e

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

------------------------------------

U T IL IT IE S
t r a d e s

-------------------------------

h e l p e r s

424
72
352
306

8.36
6.52
8.74
8.83

M ATE RIAL

H AN D LIN G

M ANUFACTURING

102

P U B L IC

6.32

T O O L A N D D I E M A K E R S -----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------ r
------------------------

72
72

LABORERS
—

6.64
6.64

U T IL IT IE S

OPERATORS

M ANUFACTURING
P U B L IC
GUARDS

---------------------------------

41

6.42

AN D

WATC HM EN

MOVEMENT

AND

O C C U PA TIO N S

-

PU B L IC

g u a r d s

------------------------------------

U T IL IT IE S
LIG H T

M ANUFACTURING

------------------------------TRUCK

----------------

-------------------------------------------

N O NM ANUFACTURING

------------------------------------

T R U C K D R I V E R S . M E D I U M T R U C K -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------P U B L IC
U T IL IT IE S
-------------------------------

1 .601
318
1. 28 3
681

6.12
5.69
6.22
7.62

M ANUFACTURING

-------------------------------------------

NO NH AN U FACTU R ING

------------------------------------

U T IL IT IE S

T R U CK D R IV ER S .
THAN

-------------------------------

HEAVY

596
513

4.68
4.65

76
61

3 .4 1
3.23

1 >082
234
848
626

6 .4 7
5 . 15
6.84
7.90

319
159
160
53

5.62
5 .3 6
5 .8 8
8.05

496
72
424

3. 12
5 .2 7
2 .7 5

238
44
194

3 .8 9
5 . 17
3.60

660
45
615
484

6.71
5 .4 6
6.81
7 .4 1

524
90
4 34
167

6.38
5.56
6.55
8.36

62

5.44
3 .4 8
4 .3 2
3 .0 7
5 .0 7

52
48

4.83
4 .9 2

-----------------------------------------------------

49

5.06

---------------------------------------------------

226
218

3 .9 7
3.96

45
43

2 .9 4
2 .8 4

239
27
212

2.65
4.01
2 .4 8

M AN U FA CTU R ING
P U B L IC

M ATE RIAL

MOVEMENT

CLERKS

M AN U FA CTU R ING

--------------------------

------------------------------------------—

------------------------------------

-------------------------------------------

NO NM ANUFACTURING

-------------------------------

AND
-

C U STO D IAL

WOMEN

-----------------------------------------------------

NO NH AN U FACTU R ING

F IL L E R S

------

------------------------------------

U T IL IT IE S

WAREHOUSEMEN

CLEANERS

-------------------------------------------

O C C U PATIO N S

ORD ER

ANO

------------------------------------

------------------------------------

T RUCK

T R A IL E R )

M ANUFACTURING

------------------------------------

— ---------------------------------------

PORTERS.

NONM ANUFACTURING

R E C E IV IN G

5.13
4.82
5.23

856
279
577
62

M ANUFACTURING
J A N IT O R S .

TR U CKD RIVERS
TR U CK D R IV ER S .
H EAVY TRUCK
(T R A IL E R )
-----------------------------------------------------

(O TH E R

649
147
502

:

NONM ANUFACTURING
TR U CK D R IV ER S .

P U B L IC

$
5 . 24
5 . 19

C U STO D IAL
MEN

T R U C K D R I V E R S ----------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------N O NM ANUFACTURING

-------------------------------

------------------------------------

— --------------------------------------

NONM ANUFACTURING
M ATE RIAL

------------------------------------

U T IL IT IE S

M ANUFACTURING

-------------------------------

--------------------------------------

-------------------------------------------

NO NM ANUFACTURING

E N G IN EERS

-------------------

------------------------------------

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------

F O R K LIFT

:

-------------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING

STATIO N A RY

44
28

M ECH AN ICS

M ANUFACTURING
P U B L IC

PACKERS

M ANUFACTURING

M ANUFACTURING
M AINTENANCE

S H IP P IN G

CLERKS

-------------------------------------------

NO NM ANUFACTURING
M AINTE NA NC E

Average
(mean*)
hourly
earnings *

C U STO D IAL

-----------------------------------------------------

M ANUFACTURING

of

M EN — C O N T I N U E D

N O NM ANUFACTURING
M AINTE NA NC E

AND

Num
ber
worirers

------------------------------------

157
139

6 . 10
6.02

GUARDS

128
25
103

4.64
5.55
4.42

JA N IT O R S .

See footn otes at end of tables.

11

WATC HM EN

------------------------------------

N O NM ANUFACTURING

ANO

------------------------------------

PORTERS.

M ANUFACTURING

AN D

CLEANERS

------

-------------------------------------------

NO NM ANUFACTURING

------------------------------------

Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings, adjusted
for employment shifts, for selected occupational groups
in Salt Lake City—Ogden, Utah, for selected periods
N o v e m b e r 1972 N o v e m b e r 1973 N o v e m b e r 1974 N o v e m b e r 1975 N o v e m b e r 1976
to
to
to
to
to
N o v e m b e r 1973 N o v e m b e r 1974 N o v e m b e r 1975 N o v e m b e r 1976 N o v e m b e r 1977

In d u s tr y and o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p 5

A ll in d u s trie s :
O ffic e c le r ic a l
E le c tr o n ic d a ta p ro c e s s in g
_____________________
In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s __
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e tr a d e s _____________________
U n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s __________________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g :
O ffic e c le r ic a l _ _ . . . . . . . . . .
E le c tr o n ic d a ta p ro c e s s in g
In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s ........................... _
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e tra d e s
U n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s . _

5.5

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g :
O ffic e c le r ic a l_____________________________________
E le c tr o n ic d a ta p ro c e s s in g
In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s __________________________________
U n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s
..........

9 .9
9.3

9.0
8.1

8.1
6 .7

7 .4
9.5

(6)

(6)

11.9
10.3

(6)

9.2
7.7

(6)

8 .6
9 .9

7.4
8 .0

(6)

....

(6)

(6)

7.8

8 .9

7.4

( )

< >
( 6)

(‘)

( ‘)

(‘)

( 6)

(6)

9.7
6.5

( 6)

(6)

7.0

5.8

15.0
9 .9

9.3
8.0

9.3
10.3

6.8
8.5

5 .6

9 .6
9 .3

9.5
7.9

7 .9
6 .4

7.5
9.7

(6)

9 .9

( 6)

7.8

(6)
(6)

(6 )

6.7

10.4

7 .6

(6)

(6)

Footnotes
1 S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e f le c t th e w o rk w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s tr a ig h t - t im e
s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f p a y fo r o v e r tim e a t r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a te s ) , and th e e a rn in g s c o rre s p o n d
to th e s e w e e k ly h o u rs .
2 T h e m e a n is c o m p u te d fo r e ac h jo b b y to ta lin g th e e a rn in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s a nd d iv id in g by
th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s . T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a te s p o s itio n — h a lf o f th e w o rk e r s re c e iv e th e sa m e o r
m o re and h a lf re c e iv e th e s a m e o r le s s th a n th e r a te sh o w n . T h e m id d le ra n g e is d e fin e d b y tw o
ra te s o f p a y; a fo u r th o f th e w o r k e r s e a rn th e s a m e o r le s s th a n th e lo w e r o f th e s e ra te s and a
fo u rth e a rn th e s a m e o r m o re th a n th e h ig h e r r a te .




3 E a rn in g s d a ta r e la te o n ly to w o r k e r s w h o s e se x id e n tific a tio n w a s p r o v i d e d b y th e
e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts .
5 E s tim a te s f o r p e rio d s e nd in g p r io r to 1976 r e la te to m e n o n ly fo r s k ille d m a in te n a n c e and
u n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s . A ll o th e r e s tim a te s r e la te to m e n and w o m e n .
6 D a ta do n o t m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r it e r ia o r d a ta n o t a v a ila b le .

12

Appendix A.
Scope and Method
of Survey
D a j a , on a r e a w a g e s and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s a r e o b t a i n e d b y p e r s o n a l
v i s i t s o f B u rea u f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s at 3 - y e a r i n t e r v a l s .
In e a c h o f the
i n t e r v e n i n g y e a r s , ' i n f o r m a t i o n on e m p l o y m e n t and o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s is
c o l l e c t e d b y a c o m b i n a t i o n o f p e r s o n a l v i s i t , m a i l q u e s t i o n n a i r e , and t e l e ­
p h o n e i n t e r v i e w f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p a r t i c i p a t i n g in the p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .

U n le ss o t h e r w is e in dicated ,
the e a r n i n g s
d a ta f o l l o w i n g th e j o b
titles a re
f o r a ll in d u stries c om bin ed.
E a r n i n g s d a ta f o r s o m e o f the
o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w i t h i n the
s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y ,
a re not p re s e n te d
in the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s b e c a u s e
e i t h e r (1 ) e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a ta
to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2 ) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l
e s t a b lis h m e n t data.
S e p a r a t e m e n ' s and w o m e n ' s e a r n i n g s
d a ta a r e n o t
p r e s e n t e d w h e n the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s n o t i d e n t i f i e d b y s e x i s 20 p e r c e n t
o r m o r e o f the m e n o r w o m e n i d e n t i f i e d in an o c c u p a t i o n .
E a r n i n g s d a ta
n o t s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e i n c l u d e d in d a ta f o r a l l
in d u strie s c om b in e d .
L i k e w i s e , f o r o c c u p a t i o n s w i t h m o r e th an on e l e v e l ,
d a ta a r e i n c l u d e d in the o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n w h e n a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is
n o t s h o w n o r i n f o r m a t i o n to s u b c l a s s i f y i s n o t a v a i l a b l e .

In e a c h o f the 74 1 a r e a s c u r r e n t l y s u r v e y e d , d a t a a r e o b t a i n e d f r o m
r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e sta b lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b ro a d in d u stry d iv is io n s : M a n u fa c ­
t u r i n g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e
t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s .
M a jo r
i n d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s e s t u d i e s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s and
the c o n s t r u c t i o n an d e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s . E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g f e w e r than
a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a r e om itted b ecau se o f in su fficien t e m p lo y ­
m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d . S e p a r a t e t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h
o f th e b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s d a ta a r e s h o w n f o r f u l l - t i m e
w o r k e r s , i. e . , th ose h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y sch edu le.
E arn in gs
d a ta e x c l u d e p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s ,
and l a t e s h i f t s .
N o n p rod u ctio n bonuses a re
exclu d ed,
but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a l l o w a n c e s and i n c e n t i v e b o n u s e s a r e i n c l u d e d .
W e e k ly hours f o r o ffic e
c l e r i c a l and p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s r e f e r to the s t a n d a r d
w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e
r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r
an d/or p r e m iu m r a t e s ). A v e r a g e w e e k ly ea rn in gs f o r th ese occupations a re
r o u n d e d t o the n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .
V e r t i c a l l i n e s w i t h i n the d i s t r i b u t i o n o f
w o r k e r s on s o m e A - t a b l e s i n d i c a t e a c h a n g e in the s i z e o f the c l a s s i n t e r v a l s .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s .
T he sa m p lin g
p r o c e d u r e s i n v o l v e d e t a i l e d s t r a t i f i c a t i o n o f a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h i n the
s c o p e o f an i n d i v i d u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y i n d u s t r y and n u m b e r o f e m p l o y e e s .
F r o m this s t r a t i f i e d u n i v e r s e a p r o b a b i l i t y s a m p le is s e le c t e d , w ith each
e s ta b lish m e n t h avin g a p r e d e te r m in e d chance o f s e le c tio n .
T o obtain o p tim u m
a c c u r a c y a t m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f l a r g e than s m a l l e s t a b ­
lish m en ts
is s e le c t e d .
W h en data a r e c o m b in e d ,
e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t is
w e i g h t e d a c c o r d i n g to it s p r o b a b i l i t y o f s e l e c t i o n , so that u n b i a s e d e s t i m a t e s
are gen erated.
F o r e x a m p l e , i f o n e o u t o f f o u r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d ,
it i s g i v e n a w e i g h t o f 4 to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f p lu s t h r e e o t h e r s . A n a l t e r n a t e
o f th e s a m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y i s c h o s e n in the s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i ­
f i c a t i o n i f d a t a a r e n o t a v a i l a b l e f r o m the o r i g i n a l s a m p l e m e m b e r .
I f no
s u i t a b l e s u b s t i t u t e i s a v a i l a b l e , a d d i t i o n a l w e i g h t is a s s i g n e d t o a s a m p l e
m e m b e r th a t is s i m i l a r to the m i s s i n g un it.
O ccu pa tion s

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s in an a r e a
at a p a r t ic u la r tim e .
C o m p a r is o n s o f in divid u al occu p a tion a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
tim e m a y not r e fle c t e xp e cted w a ge changes.
T he a v e r a g e s fo r in divid u al jobs
a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s and e m p l o y m e n t p a t t e r n s .
F o r exa m p le,
p ro p o rtio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by h ig h - o r lo w -w a g e f ir m s m a y change, o r
h i g h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d v a n c e to b e t t e r j o b s and be r e p l a c e d b y n e w
w o r k e r s a t l o w e r r a t e s . S u c h s h i f t s in e m p l o y m e n t c o u l d d e c r e a s e an o c c u ­
p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e e v e n t h o u g h m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s
d u r i n g th e y e a r .
C h a n g e s in e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , sho w n in t a b l e
A - 7 , a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s than a r e e a r n i n g s c h a n g e s f o r
i n d i v i d u a l j o b s w i t h i n the g r o u p s .

an d e a r n i n g s

O c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s t u d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f m a n u f a c ­
t u r i n g an d n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , an d a r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g t y p e s :
(1 )
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2 ) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ; ( 3 ) m a i n t e n a n c e ,
toolroom ,
and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4 ) m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d i a l .
O ccu pation al
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to ta k e
account o f in te re sta b lish m e n t v a ria tio n
in d u t i e s w i t h i n the
s a m e job.
O ccu pations s e le c t e d
f o r s t u d y a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d
in a p p e n d i x B.

A v e r a g e e arn in gs r e fle c t

com posite,

area w id e

estim ates.

In d u stries

1
Included in the 74 areas are 4 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are Akron,
and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and j o b s t a f f i n g , and thus c o n t r i b u t e
Ohio; Birmingham, A la .; Norfolk—V irginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, Va. —N. C. ; and
d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
P a y a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
Syracuse, N .Y . In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies in approximately 100 areas at the
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l a m o n g j o b s in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
request of the Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department o f Labor.




13

A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u ld
n o t b e a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y o f th e s e x e s w i t h i n i n d i v i d u a l
estab lish m en ts.
F a c t o r s w h ic h m a y c o n trib u te to d i f f e r e n c e s in clu de p r o ­
g r e s s i o n w i t h i n e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s ( o n l y th e r a t e s p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e
c o l l e c t e d ) and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c d u t i e s w i t h i n th e g e n e r a l s u r v e y j o b
d escrip tion s.
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d to c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s
u s u a l l y a r e m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d th a n t h o s e u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
and a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c d u t i e s
p erfo rm ed.

E l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g

S k ille d m a in ten a n ce

Com puter system s
an a lysts, c la s s e s
A , B, and C
Com puter p ro g ra m m er s,
c l a s s e s A , B, and C
C om puter o p era to rs,
c l a s s e s A , B, an d C

C arpen ters
E lectricia n s
P ain ters
M ach in ists
M ech an ics (m a ch in ery )
M ech an ics (m o to r v e h ic le )
P ip e fitte rs
T o o l and d i e m a k e r s

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in a l l e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w i t h i n the s c o p e o f th e s t u d y and n o t th e n u m b e r a c t u a l l y s u r v e y e d .
B ecau se occu p ational s tru ctu re s am on g e sta b lish m e n ts d iffe r , e s tim a te s o f
o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b t a i n e d f r o m the s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s tu d i e d
s e r v e o n l y to i n d i c a t e the r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f th e j o b s s t u d i e d .
These
d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e d o n o t a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f
th e e a r n i n g s d a ta .

In d u stria l n u rses

U n s k ille d plant

R e g is t e r e d in du strial
nurses

J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and
clea n ers
M a t e r i a l handling l a b o r e r s

as

are

com pu ted

A v e r a g e e a rn in g s a r e c om p u ted f o r each occu pation f o r
the 2 y e a r s b e i n g c o m p a r e d .
The a v e ra g e s a re d erived
f r o m earn in gs
in t h o s e
estab lish m en ts
w h i c h a r e in
the s u r v e y b o t h y e a r s ; i t i s a s s u m e d th a t e m p l o y m e n t
re m a in s unchanged.
E a c h o c c u p a t i o n i s a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d on i t s p r o ­
p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p in the
base year.
T h e s e w eigh ts
a r e used to c o m p u te g r o u p a v e r a g e s .
E a c h o c c u p a t i o n ' s a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s ( c o m p u t e d in s te p 1)
is m u ltip lie d b y its w e ig h t.
T h e p r o d u c t s a r e t o t a l e d to
obtain a g ro u p a v e r a g e .
T h e r a t i o o f g r o u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s is
c o m p u t e d b y d i v i d i n g th e a v e r a g e f o r the c u r r e n t y e a r b y
th e a v e r a g e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
The re su lt— e x p re s s e d
a s a p e r c e n t — l e s s 100 is th e p e r c e n t c h a n g e .

F o r a m o r e d e t a i l e d d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e m e t h o d u s e d t o c o m p u t e t h e s e
w a g e tren d s, see "I m p r o v in g A r e a W a g e S u r v e y I n d e x e s , " M on thly L a b o r
R e v i e w , J a n u a r y 1973, p p. 5 2 - 5 7 .

O f f i c e c l e r i c a l — Continued

S ec re ta ries
S tenographers, gen era l
S ten og rap h ers, sen ior
T y p i s t s , c l a s s e s A and B
F ile c lerk s, classes A,
B, and C
M essengers
S w itch b oa rd o p e r a to r s

in the p r o g r a m

4.

are:

O ffic e c le r ic a l

areas

3.

T h e p e r c e n t c h a n g e s r e l a t e t o w a g e c h a n g e s b e t w e e n th e i n d i c a t e d
d a t e s . W h e n th e t i m e s pa n b e t w e e n s u r v e y s i s o t h e r than 12 m o n t h s , an n u a l
r a te s a r e shown.
( i t i s a s s u m e d t h a t w a g e s i n c r e a s e at a c o n s t a n t r a t e
between su rvey s.)
tren d s

i

2.

T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s p r e s e n t e d in t a b l e A - 7 a r e b a s e d on c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f m e n an d w o m e n in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s r e p o r t i n g the
t r e n d j o b s in b o t h the c u r r e n t an d p r e v i o u s y e a r ( m a t c h e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ) .
T h e d a t a a r e a d j u s t e d t o r e m o v e th e e f f e c t s on a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f e m p l o y ­
m e n t s h i f t s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n c l u d e d
in s u r v e y s a m p l e s .
The p ercen t in cr ea se s, h o w e ve r, are still a ffected by
f a c t o r s o t h e r th an w a g e i n c r e a s e s . H i r i n g s , l a y o f f s , and t u r n o v e r m a y a f f e c t
an e s t a b l i s h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an o c c u p a t i o n w h e n w o r k e r s a r e p a i d u n d e r p la n s
p r o v i d i n g a r a n g e o f w a g e r a t e s f o r i n d i v i d u a l j o b s . In p e r i o d s o f i n c r e a s e d
h i r i n g , f o r e x a m p l e , n e w e m p l o y e e s m a y e n t e r a t th e b o t t o m o f th e r a n g e ,
d e p r e s s i n g th e a v e r a g e w i t h o u t a c h a n g e in w a g e r a t e s .

com pu te w a g e

for

1.

W a g e tren d s f o r s e le c t e d o ccu p ationa l grou ps

O c c u p a t i o n s u s e d to

P e r c e n t changes
fo llo w s:

O rd er c lerk s
Accou n tin g c le rk s ,
c l a s s e s A an d B
B ookk eep in g -m a ch in e
o p e r a to r s , class B
P a y r o ll clerk s
Keypunch o p era to rs,
c l a s s e s A and B

E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s




T a b u l a t i o n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y
w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in t h i s b u l l e t i n . I n f o r ­
m a tio n f o r th e s e ta bu lation s is c o l l e c t e d at 3 - y e a r i n t e r v a l s .
T h e s e tabu­
l a t i o n s on m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; s h i f t
d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s and d a y s ; p a i d h o l i d a y s ; p a i d v a c a t i o n s ;
an d h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , an d p e n s i o n p l a n s a r e p r e s e n t e d ( i n th e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s )
in p r e v i o u s b u l l e t i n s f o r t h is a r e a .

14

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
in Salt Lake City—Ogden, U tah,1 November 1977
M in im u m
em p lo ym en t
in e s t a b lis h -

In d u stry d iv isio n 2

m en ts

in

scope

o f study

ALL

0 I9 IS I0 N S

M ANUFACTURING

N O NM ANUFACTURING

----------------------------------------------------------------------

R E TA IL

T

W ith in

scope

in e s ta b lis h m e n ts

o f study 4
Stu d ied

S tu d ied

o f study 3

Num ber

Percent

567

138

1 1 8 .6 3 8

100

63*062

175

47

4 0 .0 3 8

34

2 1 .3 1 7
4 1 .7 4 5

~

392

91

7 8 .6 0 0

66

47

18

1 8 .6 1 3

16

T R A O E 6 -----------------------------------------------------------------

50

66

15

7 .6 0 7

6

2 .8 5 0

6 -------------------------------------------------------------------------

50

152

28

3 3 .3 5 0

28

1 6 .8 0 7

53

12

1 1 .6 4 5

10

5 .2 7 2

74

18

7 .3 8 5

6

2 .3 3 4

r ad e

C O M M U N IC A T IO N .

AND

d0

S E R V I C E S 6 7----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

50

IN S U R A N C E .

AN D

REAL

1 The Salt L ake City^-Ogden Standard M etrop o lita n S ta tistica l A r e a , as defined
by the O ffic e o f M anagem ent and Budget through F e b ru a ry 1974, consists o f D a vis,
Salt L a k e , T o o e le , and W e b e r Counties.
The "w o r k e rs w ithin scope o f study"
estim ates shown in this ta b le p ro vid e a reason a b ly a ccu rate d es crip tio n o f the siz e
and com position o f the la b o r fo r c e included in the su rvey. E stim a tes a re not intended,
h o w e v e r, fo r co m pa rison w ith oth er em ploym ent indexes to m easu re em ploym ent
tren ds o r le v e ls sin ce (1) planning o f w age su rveys re q u ires establishm ent data
com p iled c o n s id era b ly in advance o f the p a y r o ll p eriod studied, and (2) sm all
establish m ents a re excluded fr o m the scope o f the su rvey.
2 The 1972 edition o f the Standard In du strial C la s s ific a tio n Manual was used
in cla s s ify in g establish m ents by industry d ivis ion . H o w e v e r, a ll governm en t o p e r a ­
tion s a re excluded fr o m the scope o f the su rvey.
3 Includes a ll establish m ents w ith tota l em ploym ent at o r above the m inim um
lim ita tio n . A l l outlets (w ithin the a rea ) o f com panies in in d u stries such as tra d e,
fin an ce, auto re p a ir s e r v ic e , and m otion p ictu re th eaters a re co n sid ered as 1
establish m ent.




scope

so

E S T A T E 6 ----------------

F IN A N C E .

W orkers
W ith in

50

P U B L IC

W HOLESALE

of esta b lish m en ts

U T I L I T I E S 5 ---------------------------------------------

T R A N S PO R TA TIO N *
OTHER

--------------------------------------------------------------------

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Num ber

15

4

1 4 .4 8 2

Includes a ll w o r k e r s in a ll establish m ents w ith tota l em ploym ent (within the
a rea ) at o r above the m inim u m lim ita tion .
5 A b b revia ted to "pu blic u t ilitie s " in the A - s e r ie s ta b les.
T a x ica b s and
s e r v ic e s in ciden tal to w a te r tra n sporta tion a re excluded.
6 Th is d ivis io n is re p res en ted in estim ates fo r " a ll in d u stries" and "non ­
m an u facturing" in the A - s e r ie s ta b les. Separate presen tation o f data is not made
fo r one or m o re o f the fo llo w in g reasons: (1) E m ploym ent is too sm all to p rovid e
enough data to m e rit sep ara te study, (2) the sam ple w as not designed in itia lly to
p erm it sep ara te p resen tatio n , (3) response was in su fficien t o r inadequate to p erm it
sep arate p resen tatio n , and (4) th e re is p o s s ib ility o f d isc lo su re o f individual
establishm ent data.
7 H otels and m o tels; lau ndries and oth er p erso n a l s e r v ic e s ; business s e r v ic e s ;
autom obile re p a ir , ren ta l, and parking; m otion p ictu re s; nonprofit m em bersh ip
orga n ization s (ex clu din g re lig io u s and ch a rita ble o rga n iza tio n s ); and en gin eering and
a rc h itectu ra l s e r v ic e s .




Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
T h e p r im a r y p u rp o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r ip tio n s f o r the B u­
r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s is to a s s is t its f ie ld s ta ff in c la s s ify in g in to a p p r o ­
p r ia t e occ u p a tio n s w o r k e r s who a r e e m p lo y e d u n d er a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o ll
t it le s and d iffe r e n t w o rk a r ra n g e m e n ts f r o m e s ta b lis h m e n t to e s ta b lis h ­
m en t and f r o m a r e a to a r e a . T h is p e r m its the g ro u p in g o f o c c u p a tio n a l
w a g e r a te s r e p r e s e n tin g c o m p a ra b le jo b con ten t. B ecau se o f th is e m p h a ­
s is on in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t and in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ilit y o f o c c u p a tio n a l
con ten t, the B u re a u 's jo b d e s c r ip tio n s m a y d if fe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m th ose
in u se in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts o r th o s e p r e p a r e d fo r o th e r p u rp o s e s .
In a p p ly in g th es e jo b d e s c r ip tio n s , the B u re a u 's f ie ld e c o n o m is ts a r e
in s tr u c te d to e x c lu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p r e n tic e s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g in ­
n e r s ; and p a r t - t im e , te m p o r a r y , and p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s . H an dicap p ed
w o r k e r s w h o s e e a rn in g s a r e red u ced b e ca u s e o f th e ir h a ndicap a r e a ls o
e x c lu d e d .
T r a in e e s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the s u r v e y e x c e p t f o r th ose r e ­
c e iv in g o n - th e - jo b tr a in in g in som e o f the lo w e r l e v e l p r o fe s s io n a l and
te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s .

Office
SECRETARY

S E C R E T A R Y — C ontinued

A s s ig n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to one in d iv id u a l. M a in ­
tain s a c lo s e and h ig h ly r e s p o n s iv e r e la tio n s h ip to the d a y - to - d a y w o rk o f the
s u p e r v is o r .
W o rk s f a i r l y in d e p e n d e n tly r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e ta ile d
s u p e r v is io n and g u id an ce. P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l d u ties,
u s u a lly in c lu d in g m o s t o f the f o llo w in g :

M a y a ls o p e r fo r m o th e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l task s o f c o m p a ra b le
n a tu re and d iffic u lt y . T h e w o rk ty p ic a lly r e q u ir e s k n o w le d g e o f o ffic e rou tin e
and u n d erstan d in g o f the o r g a n iz a tio n , p r o g r a m s , and p ro c e d u r e s r e la te d to
the w o r k o f the s u p e r v is o r .

a.
a n s w e r s ro u tin e
p erson s;
b.
c.
in s tr u c te d ;

E x c lu s io n s
R e c e iv e s telep h on e c a lls , p e r s o n a l c a lle r s , and in c o m in g m a il,
N o t a ll p o s itio n s that a r e title d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the ab o v e c h a r ­
in q u ir ie s , and rou te s te c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s to the p r o p e r
a c t e r is t ic s . E x a m p le s o f p o s itio n s w h ich a r e e xclu d ed f r o m the d e fin itio n a r e
as fo llo w s ;

E s ta b lis h e s ,

m a in ta in s ,

and r e v is e s the s u p e r v is o r 's

M a in ta in s the s u p e r v is o r 's

f ile s ;

c a le n d a r and m a k es a p p oin tm en ts as

a. P o s itio n s w h ich
d e s c r ib e d a b ov e ;
b.

d.

R e la y s m e s s a g e s f r o m

s u p e r v is o r to su b o rd in a te s ;

e . R e v ie w s c o r re s p o n d e n c e , m e m o ra n d a , and r e p o r ts p r e p a r e d by
o th e rs f o r the s u p e r v is o r 's s ign a tu re to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and ty p o g ra p h ic
accu racy;
f.

P e rfo r m s

s te n o g ra p h ic and ty p in g w o rk .




sio n a l,

do n o t m e e t

the " p e r s o n a l"

s e c re ta ry

co n ce p t

S te n o g ra p h e rs n ot f u lly tr a in e d in s e c r e t a r ia l- t y p e d u tie s ;

c . S te n o g ra p h e rs s e r v in g as o ffic e a s s is ta n ts to a grou p o f p r o f e s ­
te c h n ic a l, o r m a n a g e r ia l p e rs o n s ;

d. S e c r e t a r y p o s itio n s in w h ich the d u ties a r e e ith e r s u b s ta n tia lly
m o r e rou tin e o r s u b s ta n tia lly m o r e c o m p le x and r e s p o n s ib le than th ose c h a r ­
a c t e r iz e d in the d e fin itio n ;

SEC R E T A R Y — C ontinued

S E C R E T A R Y — C ontinued
C la s s C

E x c lu s io n s — C ontinued

e.
A s s is ta n t - ty p e p o s itio n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e
1. S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e rs o n w h ose r e s p o n ­
r e s p o n s ib le te c h n ic a l, a d m in is tr a tiv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c le r i c a l
s ib ilit y is not e q u iv a le n t to one o f the s p e c ific l e v e l s itu ation s in the d e fin itio n
d u ties w h ich a r e not ty p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r ia l w o rk .
f o r c la s s B , but w h ose o r g a n iz a tio n a l unit n o r m a lly n u m b ers at le a s t s e v e r a l
d o ze n e m p lo y e e s and is u s u a lly d iv id e d in to o r g a n iz a tio n a l s e gm en ts w h ich a r e
o fte n , in tu rn , fu r th e r su b d ivid ed .
In som e c o m p a n ie s , th is l e v e l in c lu d e s a
NO TE:
T h e t e r m "c o r p o r a t e o f f ic e r , " u sed in the l e v e l d e fin itio n s
w id e ra n g e o f o r g a n iz a tio n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , on ly one o r tw o ; (m
fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to th o s e o f f ic ia ls who have a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a te w id e
p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r com p an y a c t iv it ie s .
T h e t it le " v ic e
2. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an in d iv id u a l plant, fa c to r y , e tc . (o r
p r e s id e n t, " though n o r m a lly in d ic a tiv e o f th is r o le , d oes not in a ll c a s e s
o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r than 5,000
id e n tify such p o s itio n s .
V ic e p re s id e n ts w h ose p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y is to
p erson s.
act p e r s o n a lly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r tr a n s a c tio n s (e .g ., a p p ro v e o r deny
in d iv id u a l loan o r c r e d it a c tio n s ; a d m in is te r in d iv id u a l tru s t accou n ts; d ir e c t ly
C la s s D
s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l s ta ff) a r e not c o n s id e r e d to be " c o r p o r a te o f f i c e r s " f o r
1. S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v is o r o r head o f a s m a ll o r g a n iz a tio n a l unit
p u rp o s es o f a p p lyin g the fo llo w in g l e v e l d e fin itio n s .
(e . g . , f e w e r than about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ); o£
C la s s A
1. S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p re s id e n t o f a com p an y
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5 ,00 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

2. S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e rv is o r y s t a f f s p e c ia lis t, p r o fe s s io n a l
e m p lo y e e , a d m in is tr a tiv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s is ta n t, s k ille d tech n icia n , o r e x p e rt.
(N O T E :
M any c o m p a n ie s a s s ig n s te n o g r a p h e r s , r a th e r than s e c r e t a r ie s as
d e s c r ib e d a b o v e , to th is l e v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e rv is o r y w o r k e r .)
STEN O G RAPH ER

2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a te o f f ic e r (o th e r than the c h a irm a n o f the
b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t) o f a c om p an y th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but fe w e r
than 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to the h ead, im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the c o r p o r a te o f f ic e r
le v e l , o f a m a jo r s e g m e n t o r s u b s id ia ry o f a com p an y that e m p lo y s , in a ll,
o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

C la s s B

P r im a r y duty is to tak e d ic ta tio n u sing shorth and, and to tr a n s c r ib e
the d ic ta tio n .
M a y a ls o ty p e fr o m w r itte n c o p y .
M a y o p e ra te fro m a s te n o ­
g ra p h ic p o o l.
M a y o c c a s io n a lly t r a n s c r ib e f r o m v o ic e r e c o r d in g s ( i f p r im a r y
duty is tr a n s c r ib in g fr o m r e c o r d in g s , s e e T r a n s c r ib in g - M a c h in e T y p is t ).
N O T E : T h is jo b is d is tin g u is h e d f r o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a lly w o rk s in a c o n fid e n tia l r e la tio n s h ip w ith on ly one m a n a g e r
o r e x e c u tiv e and p e r fo r m s m o r e r e s p o n s ib le and d is c r e tio n a r y task s as
d e s c r ib e d in the s e c r e t a r y jo b d e fin itio n .

1. S e c r e t a r y to the c h a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p re s id e n t o f a com p an y
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, f e w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a te o f f ic e r (o th e r than the ch a irm a n o f the
b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t) o f a com p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r
than 5 ,00 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to the head, im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the o f f ic e r le v e l, o v e r
e ith e r a m a jo r c o r p o r a tio n w id e fu n c tio n a l a c t iv it y (e . g . , m a rk e tin g , r e s e a r c h ,
o p e r a tio n s , in d u s tr ia l r e la tio n s , e tc .) o r a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a tio n a l
s e gm e n t ( e . g . , a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a rte rs ; a m a jo r d iv is io n ) o f a com p an y that
e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but fe w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p lo y e e s ; o r
4. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an in d iv id u a l plant, fa c to r y , e tc . (o r
o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f ic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,00 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
5. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f a la r g e and im p o rta n t o r g a n iz a tio n a l
s e g m e n t (e . g . , a m id d le m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v is o r o f an o r g a n iz a tio n a l segm e n t
o fte n in v o lv in g as m an y as s e v e r a l hundred p e rs o n s ) o r a c om p an y that
e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .




S ten o g ra p h e r, G e n e r a l

k eep

D ic ta tio n in v o lv e s a n o r m a l rou tin e v o c a b u la r y .
M a y m a in ta in f i l e s ,
s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r fo r m o th e r r e l a t i v e l y rou tin e c l e r i c a l ta s k s .
S te n o g ra p h e r, S e n io r

D ic ta tio n in v o lv e s a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l dr s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such
as in le g a l b r ie f s o r r e p o r ts on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h .
M a y a ls o set up and
m a in ta in f i l e s , k e ep r e c o r d s , e tc .
OR
P e r f o r m s s te n o g ra p h ic d u ties r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n tly g r e a t e r in d e ­
p en d en ce and r e s p o n s ib ilit y than s te n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l, as e v id e n c e d by the
fo llo w in g :
W o rk r e q u ir e s a high d e g r e e o f s te n o g ra p h ic sp eed and a c c u r a c y ;
a th orou gh w o rk in g k n o w led g e o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s and o ffic e p ro c e d u r e ; and
o f the s p e c ific b u s in e s s o p e r a tio n s , o r g a n iz a tio n , p o lic ie s , p ro c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k flo w , e tc .
U s e s th is k n o w led g e in p e r fo r m in g s te n o gra p h ic d u ties and
r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l ta s k s such as m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f ile s ; a s s e m b lin g
m a t e r ia l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o ra n d a , and le t t e r s ; c o m p o s in g s im p le le t t e r s
fr o m g e n e r a l in s tr u c tio n s ; re a d in g and ro u tin g in c o m in g m a il; and a n s w e rin g
rou tin e q u e s tio n s , e tc .

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E T Y P I S T

M ESSENGER

P r i m a r y duty is to t r a n s c r ib e d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l rou tin e
v o c a b u la r y f r o m tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s . M a y a ls o type f r o m w r itte n
c o p y and do s im p le c l e r i c a l w o rk . W o r k e r s tr a n s c r ib in g d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g
a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such as le g a l b r ie fs o r r e p o r ts
on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h a r e not in clu d ed .
A w o r k e r who tak es d ic ta tio n in
shorthand o r b y Sten otyp e o r s im ila r m a c h in e is c la s s ifie d as a s te n o g r a p h e r .

P e r f o r m s v a r io u s rou tin e d u ties such as running e rr a n d s , o p e ra tin g
m in o r o ffic e m a c h in e s such as s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , opening and d is trib u tin g
m a il, and o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x c lu d e p o s itio n s that r e q u ir e o p e ra tio n
o f a m o to r v e h ic le as a s ig n ific a n t duty.

T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m ak e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls o r to m ak e
out b ills a ft e r c a lc u la tio n s h a ve b een m ad e b y a n oth er p e rs o n . M a y in clu d e
ty p in g o f s te n c ils , m a ts , o r s im ila r m a t e r ia ls fo r use in d u p lic a tin g p r o c ­
esses.
M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g lit t le s p e c ia l tr a in in g , such as
k e e p in g s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r ts , o r s o r tin g and d is trib u tin g
in c o m in g m a il.
C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : T y p in g m a t e r ia l
in fin a l fo r m when it in v o lv e s c om b in in g m a t e r ia l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r c o r r e c t s p e llin g , s y lla b ic a tio n , punctuation, e tc ., o f te c h ­
n ic a l o r unusual w o rd s o r fo r e ig n lan gu a ge m a t e r ia l; o r planning la y ou t and
ty p in g o f c o m p lic a te d s ta tis tic a l ta b le s to m a in ta in u n ifo r m ity and b a la n ce in
s p a c in g . M a y ty p e rou tin e fo r m le t t e r s , v a r y in g d e ta ils to suit c ir c u m s ta n c e s .
C la s s B.
P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g ; C o p y typ in g fr o m
rough o r c le a r d r a ft s ; o r rou tin e ty p in g o f fo r m s , in s u ra n ce p o lic ie s , e tc .;
o r s e ttin g up s im p le stan dard ta b u la tion s; o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s
a lr e a d y s e t up and sp a ced p r o p e r ly .

F IL E C L E R K
F i l e s , c l a s s ifie s , and r e t r ie v e s m a t e r ia l in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g
s y s te m . M a y p e r fo r m c le r i c a l and m an u al task s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in f i l e s .
P o s itio n s a r e c la s s ifie d in to le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A .
C la s s if ie s and in d e x e s f i l e m a t e r ia l such as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r ts , te c h n ic a l d o c u m e n ts , e tc ., in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g s y s te m
c o n tain in g a n u m b er o f v a r ie d s u b je ct m a tte r f i l e s .
M a y a ls o f i l e this
m a t e r ia l.
M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p es in con ju n ction w ith the f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a ll g ro u p o f lo w e r l e v e l f i l e c le r k s .
C la s s B.
S o rts , c o d e s , and f ile s u n c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l b y s im p le
(s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d in gs o r p a r t ly c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l b y f in e r su bheadings.
P r e p a r e s s im p le r e la te d in d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s .
A s re q u e s te d ,
lo c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n tifie d m a t e r ia l in f ile s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l.
M ay
p e rfo r m
r e la te d c l e r i c a l task s r e q u ir e d to m ain ta in and s e r v ic e f ile s .
C la s s C .
P e r f o r m s rou tin e filin g o f m a t e r ia l that has a lr e a d y b een
c la s s ifie d o r w h ich is e a s ily c la s s ifie d in a s im p le s e r ia l c la s s ific a t io n
s y s te m (e . g . , a lp h a b e tic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r n u m e r ic a l).
A s req u e sted ,
lp c a te s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a t e r ia l in f ile s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia ls ; and m a y
f i l l out w ith d ra w a l c h a r g e .
M a y p e r fo r m s im p le c l e r i c a l and m an u al tasks
r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v ic e f i l e s .




S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s a telep h on e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le u sed w ith a p r iv a t e
b ra n ch exch a n ge (P B X ) s y s te m to r e la y in c o m in g , ou tgoin g, and in t r a s y s te m
c a lls .
M a y p r o v id e in fo r m a tio n to c a ll e r s , r e c o r d and tr a n s m it m e s s a g e s ,
k e e p r e c o r d o f c a lls p la c e d and t o ll c h a r g e s . B e s id e s o p e ra tin g a telep h on e
s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le , m a y a ls o type o r p e r fo r m rou tin e c l e r i c a l w o rk
(ty p in g o r rou tin e c l e r i c a l w o rk m a y oc c u p y the m a jo r p o r tio n o f the w o r k e r 's
tim e , and is u s u a lly p e r fo r m e d w h ile at the s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le ). C h ie f
o r le a d o p e r a to r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one o p e r a to r a r e
e x c lu d e d . F o r an o p e r a to r who a ls o a cts as a r e c e p tio n is t, see S w itc h b o a rd
O p e r a t o r - R e c e p t io n is t .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T
A t a s in g le - p o s itio n telep h on e sw itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le , a cts both as
an o p e r a to r — s ee S w itc h b o a rd O p e r a to r — and as a r e c e p tio n is t. R e c e p tio n is t's
w o rk in v o lv e s such d u ties as g r e e tin g v is i t o r s ; d e te rm in in g n ature o f v i s i t o r 's
b u sin ess and p r o v id in g a p p ro p ria te in fo rm a tio n ; r e f e r r in g v is it o r to a p p r o ­
p r ia te p e r s o n in the o r g a n iz a tio n o r c o n ta c tin g that p e rs o n by te le p h o n e and
a r ra n g in g an ap p oin tm en t; k e ep in g a lo g o f v is i t o r s .
ORDER C LER K
R e c e iv e s c u s to m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r ia l o r m e rc h a n d is e by m a il,
phone, o r p e r s o n a lly .
D u ties in v o lv e any com b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g ;
Quoting p r ic e s to c u s to m e r s ; m ak in g out an o r d e r sh eet lis tin g the ite m s to
m ak e up the o r d e r ; c h eck in g p r ic e s and qu a n tities o f ite m s on o r d e r sh eet;
and d is trib u tin g o r d e r sh eets to r e s p e c t iv e d e p a rtm e n ts to be f i l l e d .
M ay
ch e c k w ith c r e d it d e p a rtm e n t to d e te r m in e c r e d it ratin g o f c u s to m e r, a c k n o w l­
e d g e r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s to m e r s , fo llo w up o r d e r s to s e e th at th ey
h a ve b een f ille d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and ch eck shipping in v o ic e s
w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .
A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K
P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e accou n tin g c l e r i c a l task s such as p o s tin g to
r e g is t e r s and le d g e r s ; r e c o n c ilin g bank a ccou n ts; v e r if y in g the in te r n a l c o n ­
s is te n c y , c o m p le te n e s s , and m a th e m a tic a l a c c u r a c y o f accoun ting d ocu m en ts;
a s s ig n in g p r e s c r ib e d a ccou n tin g d is trib u tio n c o d e s ; ex a m in in g and v e r if y in g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty p es o f r e p o r ts , lis t s , c a lc u la tio n s , p o s tin g ,
e tc .; o r p r e p a r in g s im p le o r a s s is tin g in p re p a r in g m o r e c o m p lic a te d jo u rn a l
vou ch ers.
M a y w o rk in e ith e r a m an u a l o r au tom ated accou n ting s y s te m .
T h e w o rk r e q u ir e s a k n o w le d g e o f c l e r i c a l m eth od s and o f f ic e p r a c ­
tic e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h ich r e la te s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s in g and r e c o r d in g
o f tr a n s a c tio n s and accou n tin g in fo rm a tio n .
W ith e x p e r ie n c e , the w o r k e r
ty p ic a lly b e c o m e s f a m ilia r w ith the b oo k k eep in g and accoun ting te r m s and
p ro c e d u r e s u sed in the a s s ig n e d w o rk , but is n ot r e q u ire d to h ave a k n o w led g e
o f the f o r m a l p r in c ip le s o f b oo k k eep in g and accou n tin g.
P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s :

are

c la s s ifie d

into

l e v e ls on

the b a s is o f the

fo llo w in g

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K — C ontinued

M A C H IN E B I L L E R — C ontinued

C la s s A .
U n der g e n e r a l s u p e rv is io n , p e r fo r m s accou n tin g c l e r ic a l
o p e ra tio n s w h ich r e q u ir e the a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m e n t, fo r
e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s in g c o m p lic a te d o r n o n r e p e titiv e accou n tin g tr a n s ­
a c tio n s , s e le c tin g am ong a su b stan tial v a r ie t y o f p r e s c r ib e d accou n tin g cod es
and c la s s ific a t io n s , o r tr a c in g tra n s a c tio n s th rou gh p re v io u s accounting
a ctio n s to d e te rm in e s o u rc e o f d is c r e p a n c ie s .
M a y be a s s is te d by one o r
m o r e c la s s B accou n ting c le r k s .

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e b i l l e r . U s e s a b oo k k eep in g m ach in e (w ith o r
w ithout a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a rd ) to p r e p a r e c u s to m e r s ' b ills as p a rt o f the
accou n ts r e c e iv a b le o p e r a tio n .
G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s the sim u ltan eou s e n try o f
fig u r e s on c u s to m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m ach in e a u to m a tic a lly a c cu m u lates
fig u r e s on a nu m b er o f v e r t i c a l colu m n s and com p u tes and u su ally p rin ts
a u to m a tic a lly the d e b it o r c r e d it b a la n c e s .
D oes not in v o lv e a k n ow ledge
o f b oo k k e e p in g .
W o rk s fr o m
u n ifo rm and stan dard ty p es o f s a le s and
c r e d it s lip s .

C la s s B .
U n der c lo s e s u p e rv is io n , fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s
and s ta n d a rd ize d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e rou tin e accoun ting c l e r ­
ic a l o p e r a tio n s , such as p ostin g to le d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o rk s h e e ts w h e re
id e n tific a tio n o f ite m s and lo c a tio n s o f p o s tin gs a r e c le a r ly in d ic a te d ; ch eck in g
a c c u r a c y and c o m p le te n e s s o f s ta n d a rd ize d and r e p e titiv e r e c o r d s o r
accou n ting d ocu m en ts; and c o d i n g d ocu m ents u sing a fe w p r e s c r ib e d
accou n ting c o d e s .

P A Y R O L L CLERK

B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s a b oo k k eep in g m ach in e (w ith o r without a t y p e w r it e r k e y ­
b o a rd ) to k eep a r e c o r d o f b u sin ess tr a n s a c tio n s .
C la s s A .
K e e p s a set o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n o w led ge o f and
e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic b oo k k eep in g p r in c ip le s , and fa m ilia r it y w ith the s tru c tu re
o f the p a r tic u la r a ccou n tin g s y s te m u sed .
D e te rm in e s p ro p e r r e c o r d s and
d is trib u tio n o f d e b it and c r e d it ite m s to be u sed in each phase o f the w o rk .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b alan ce s h e e ts , and o th e r r e c o r d s by hand.

C la s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e phases o r s e c tio n s o f a
set o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly r e q u ir in g lit t le k n o w led g e o f b a s ic b oo k k eep in g. P h a s e s
o r s e c tio n s in clu d e accou n ts p a y a b le , p a y r o ll, c u s to m e r s ' accoun ts (not
in clu d in g a s im p le ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d under m ach in e b i l l e r ) , c o s t d is ­
trib u tio n , e x p e n s e d is trib u tio n , in v e n to r y c o n tro l, e tc .
M ay ch eck o r a s s is t
in p re p a r a tio n o f t r i a l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n tr o l sh eets fo r the accou n tin g
d e p a rtm e n t.

C om pu tes w a g e s o f com p an y e m p lo y e e s and e n te r s the n e c e s s a r y
data on the p a y r o ll s h e e ts :
D uties in v o lv e :
C a lc u la tin g w o r k e r s ' e a rn in g s
b ased on tim e o r p ro d u ction r e c o r d s ; and p o s tin g c a lc u la te d data on p a y r o ll
s h eet, show ing in fo rm a tio n such as w o r k e r 's n a m e, w o rk in g d ays, tim e , ra te ,
d edu ction s fo r in s u ra n c e , and to ta l w a g e s due.
M ay m ak e out p aych eck s and
a s s is t p a y m a s te r in m ak in g up and d is trib u tin g pay e n v e lo p e s .
M ay use a
c a lc u la tin g m a ch in e.
K EYPU N CH O PERATO R
O p e ra te s a keypunch m a ch in e to r e c o r d o r v e r i f y alp h abetic and/or
n u m e ric data on tab u la tin g c a r d s o r on ta p e.
P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s .

a re

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e ls

on

the

b a s is o f the fo llo w in g

C la s s A .
W o rk r e q u ir e s the a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju dgm ent
in s e le c tin g p r o c e d u r e s to be fo llo w e d and in s e a rc h in g f o r , in te r p r e tin g ,
s e le c tin g , o r c o d in g ite m s to be keypunched fr o m a v a r ie t y o f s ou rce d ocu ­
m en ts .
On o c c a s io n m a y a ls o p e r fo r m s om e rou tin e keypunch w o rk .
M ay
tr a in in e x p e r ie n c e d keypunch o p e r a to r s .
C la s s B .
W o rk is rou tin e and r e p e t it iv e .
U n der c lo s e s u p e rv is io n
o r fo llo w in g s p e c ific p r o c e d u r e s o r in s tr u c tio n s , w o rk s fr o m v a r io u s sta n ­
d a r d iz e d s o u rc e d ocu m en ts w h ich have b een c o d e d , and fo llo w s s p e c ifie d
p r o c e d u r e s w h ich have b een p r e s c r ib e d in d e t a il and r e q u ir e lit t le o r no
s e le c tin g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e tin g o f d ata to be r e c o r d e d . R e fe r s to s u p e r v is o r
p r o b le m s a r is in g f r o m e r r o n e o u s ite m s o r c o d e s o r m is s in g in fo rm a tio n .

M A C H IN E B IL L E R
T A B U L A T IN G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R
P r e p a r e s s ta te m e n ts , b ills , and in v o ic e s on a m ach in e o th e r than an
o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a t ic t y p e w r it e r .
M a y a ls o k e ep r e c o r d s as to b illin g s
o r shipping c h a r g e s o r p e r fo r m o th e r c l e r i c a l w o rk in c id e n ta l to b illin g
o p e r a tio n s .
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , m a ch in e b i l l e r s a re c la s s ifie d by ty p e
o f m a c h in e , as fo llo w s :

B illin g - m a c h in e b i l l e r . U s e s a s p e c ia l b illin g m ach in e (c o m b in a tio n
ty p in g and adding m a c h in e ) to p r e p a r e b ills and in v o ic e s fr o m c u s to m e r s '
p u rch a se o r d e r s , in t e r n a lly p re p a r e d o r d e r s , shipping m em o ra n d a , etc.
U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a tio n o f p r e d e te r m in e d d isco u n ts and shipping c h a r g e s
and e n tr y o f n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y not be com p u ted on
the b illin g m a c h in e , and to ta ls w h ich a r e a u to m a tic a lly accu m u lated by
m a c h in e .
T h e o p e r a tio n u su ally in v o lv e s a la r g e nu m ber o f c a rb o n c o p ie s
o f the b i l l b ein g p re p a r e d and is often done on a fa n fo ld m a c h in e .




O p e ra te s one o r a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s such as the ta b u la to r, c a lc u ­
la t o r , c o lla t o r , in t e r p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g punch, e tc .
E xclu d ed fr o m
th is d e fin itio n a r e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s .
A l s o e x c lu d e d a r e o p e r a to r s o f
e le c t r o n ic d ig it a l c o m p u te rs , e ven though th ey m a y a ls o o p e ra te e le c t r ic
accou n tin g m a c h in e e q u ip m en t.
P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s .

are

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e l s

on

the

b a s is o f the fo llo w in g

C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s c o m p le te r e p o r tin g and tab u latin g a s s ig n m e n ts
in c lu d in g d e v is in g d iffic u lt c o n tr o l p a n e l w ir in g u n der g e n e r a l s u p e rv is io n .
A s s ig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e a v a r ie t y o f lo n g and c o m p le x r e p o r ts w h ich
o fte n a r e ir r e g u la r o r n o n r e c u r r in g , r e q u ir in g som e planning o f the nature
and sequ en cin g o f o p e r a tio n s , and th e use o f a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s .
Is

T A B U L A T IN G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R — C ontinued

T A B U L A T IN G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R — C ontinued

ty p ic a lly in v o lv e d in tr a in in g new o p e r a to r s in m ach in e o p e ra tio n s o r tr a in in g
lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a to r s in w ir in g fr o m d ia g ra m s and in the o p e ra tin g sequ en ces
o f lon g and c o m p le x r e p o r ts .
D oes not in clu d e p o s itio n s in w h ich w ir in g
r e s p o n s ib ilit y is lim ite d to s e le c tio n and in s e r tio n o f p r e w ir e d b o a rd s .

the ta b u la to r and c a lc u la to r , in a d d ition to the s im p le r m a ch in es used by
c la s s C o p e r a to r s .
M ay be r e q u ire d to do som e w ir in g fr o m d ia g r a m s .
M a y tr a in new e m p lo y e e s in b a s ic m ach in e o p e ra tio n s .

C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s w o rk a c c o r d in g to e s ta b lis h e d p ro c e d u r e s and
under s p e c ific in s tr u c tio n s .
A s s ig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e c o m p le te but r o u ­
tin e and r e c u r r in g r e p o r ts o r p a rts o f la r g e r and m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r ts .
O p e ra te s m o r e d iffic u lt tab u la tin g o r e le c t r ic a l accou n tin g m a c h in e s such as

C la s s C . U n der s p e c ific in s tr u c tio n s , o p e r a te s s im p le tab u latin g
o r e l e c t r i c a l accou n tin g m a c h in e s such as the s o r t e r , in t e r p r e t e r , re p ro d u c in g
punch, c o lla t o r , e tc .
A s s ig n m e n ts t y p ic a lly in v o lv e p o rtio n s o f a w o rk unit,
fo r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r tin g o r c o lla tin g runs, o r r e p e titiv e o p e r a tio n s .
M a y p e r fo r m
s im p le w ir in g fr o m d ia g r a m s , and do som e filin g w o rk .

Professional and Technical
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U SINE SS

C O M PU TE R SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T ,

A n a ly z e s b u sin ess p ro b le m s to fo r m u la te p ro c e d u r e s fo r s o lv in g
th em b y use o f e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g equ ip m en t.
D e v elo p s a c o m p le te
d e s c r ip tio n o f a ll s p e c ific a tio n s n eed ed to enab le p r o g r a m m e r s to p re p a r e
r e q u ir e d d ig it a l c om p u te r p r o g r a m s .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
A n a ly z e s s u b je c t- m a tte r o p e ra tio n s to be au tom ated and id e n tifie s con d ition s
and c r i t e r i a r e q u ir e d to a c h ie v e s a tis fa c to r y r e s u lts ; s p e c ifie s nu m b er and
ty p es o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d ocu m ents to be used; ou tlin es a ctio n s to be
p e r fo r m e d by p e rs o n n e l and c o m p u te rs in s u ffic ie n t d e ta il fo r p re s e n ta tio n
to m a n a g e m e n t and fo r p ro g r a m m in g (t y p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p re p a r a tio n o f
w o rk and data flo w c h a r ts ); c o o rd in a te s the d e v e lo p m e n t o f te s t p ro b le m s and
p a r tic ip a te s in t r i a l runs o f new and r e v is e d s y s te m s ; and rec o m m e n d s e q u ip ­
m en t ch an ges to obtain m o r e e f fe c t iv e o v e r a ll o p e r a tio n s .
(N O T E :
W o rk e r s
p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p ro g r a m m in g should be c la s s ifie d as
s y s te m s a n a ly s ts i f th is is the s k ill u sed to d e te rm in e th e ir p ay.)

d e v e lo p s s y s te m s fo r m a in ta in in g d e p o s ito r accoun ts in a bank, m ain ta in in g
accou n ts r e c e iv a b le in a r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n t, o r m a in ta in in g in v e n to r y
accoun ts in a m a n u fa ctu rin g o r w h o le s a le e s ta b lis h m e n t.)
C o n fe rs w ith p e r ­
sons c o n c e rn e d to d e te rm in e the data p r o c e s s in g p ro b le m s and a d v is e s
s u b je c t-m a tte r p e rs o n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s o f the data p r o c e s s in g s y s te m s
to be a p p lie d .

F o r w age study p u rp o s es , s y s te m s a n a lys ts a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :
C la s s A .
W o rk s in d ep en d en tly o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
c o m p le x p ro b le m s in v o lv in g a ll p hases o f s y s te m a n a ly s is .
P r o b le m s a re
c o m p le x b eca u se o f d iv e r s e s o u rc e s o f input data and m u ltip le -u s e r e q u ir e ­
m en ts o f output data.
(F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in te g r a te d p ro d u ction s ch ed ­
u lin g, in v e n to r y c o n tro l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in w h ich
e v e r y ite m o f each typ e is a u to m a tic a lly p r o c e s s e d through the fu ll s y s te m
o f r e c o r d s and a p p ro p ria te fo llo w u p a ctio n s a re in itia te d by the c o m p u te r.)
C o n fe r s w ith p e rs o n s c o n ce rn e d to d e te rm in e the data p r o c e s s in g p ro b le m s
and a d v is e s s u b je c t-m a tte r p e rs o n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s o f new o r r e v is e d
s y s te m s o f data p r o c e s s in g o p e r a tio n s .
M ak es r e c o m m e n d a tio n s , i f n eed ed ,
f o r a p p ro v a l o f m a jo r s y s te m s in s ta lla tio n s o r chan ges and fo r ob taining
e q u ip m en t.
d ir e c tio n

to

lo w e r

le v e l s y s te m s an a lys ts

C la s s B .
W o rk s in d e p en d en tly o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
p ro b le m s that a r e r e la t iv e ly u n co m p lic a te d to a n a ly z e , plan, p r o g r a m , and
o p e r a te .
P r o b le m s a r e o f lim ite d c o m p le x ity b eca u se s o u rc e s o f input data
a r e h om o gen eo u s and the output data a re c lo s e ly r e la te d .
(F o r e x a m p le ,




OR
W o rk s on a s egm en t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s in g sch em e o r s y s te m ,
as d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A .
W o rk s in d ep en d en tly on rou tin e a s s ign m e n ts and
r e c e iv e s in s tru c tio n and guidance on c o m p le x a s s ig n m e n ts .
W ork is r e v ie w e d
fo r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m en t, c o m p lia n c e w ith in s tru c tio n s , and to in s u re p r o p e r
a lig n m e n t w ith the o v e r a ll s y s te m .
C la s s C .
W o rk s under im m e d ia te s u p e rv is io n , c a r r y in g out a n a ly ­
s e s as a s s ig n e d , u s u a lly o f a s in g le a c tiv ity .
A s s ig n m e n ts a re d e sig n e d to
d e v e lo p and expand p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e in the a p p lic a tio n o f p ro c e d u r e s and
s k ills r e q u ir e d f o r s y s te m s a n a ly s is w o rk .
F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s is t a h ig h e r
l e v e l s y s te m s a n a lys t by p re p a r in g the d e ta ile d s p e c ific a tio n s r e q u ir e d by
p r o g r a m m e r s fr o m
in fo rm a tio n d e v e lo p e d by the h ig h e r l e v e l a n a lys t.

D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily re s p o n s ib le fo r the m a n a g e ­
m en t o r s u p e rv is io n o f o th e r e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r s y s ­
te m s a n a ly s ts p r im a r ily c o n c e rn e d w ith s c ie n tific o r e n g in e e rin g p ro b le m s .

M a y p r o v id e fu n ctio n al
who a r e a s s ig n e d to a s s is t.

B USINESS— Continued

21

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B U SINE SS
C o n v e r ts sta tem en ts o f b u sin ess p r o b le m s , t y p ic a lly p re p a r e d by a
s y s te m s a n a ly s t, in to a sequ en ce o f d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s w h ich a re r e q u ir e d
to s o lv e the p ro b le m s by au tom atic data p r o c e s s in g equ ip m en t.
W o rk in g fro m
c h a rts o r d ia g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s the p r e c is e in s tru c tio n s w h ich ,
when e n te re d into the c o m p u te r s y s te m in cod ed lan gu a ge, cau se the m an ip u ­
la tio n o f data to a c h ie v e d e s ir e d r e s u lt s . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g :
A p p lie s k n o w led ge o f c o m p u te r c a p a b ilitie s , m a th e m a tic s , lo g ic e m p lo y e d by
c o m p u te rs , and p a r tic u la r su b ject m a tte r in v o lv e d to an a lyze c h a rts and
d ia g ra m s o f the p ro b le m to be p ro g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s sequ ence o f p ro g r a m
s te p s; w r it e s d e ta ile d flo w c h a rts to show o r d e r in w h ich data w i l l be
p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r ts th ese c h a rts to cod ed in s tru c tio n s fo r m achine to fo llo w ;
te s ts and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s tru c tio n s fo r o p e ra tin g p e rs o n n e l
d u rin g p ro d u c tio n run; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lt e r s p ro g r a m s to in c r e a s e
o p e ra tin g e ffic ie n c y o r adapt to new r e q u ire m e n ts ; m ain ta in s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t and r e v is io n s .
(N O T E :
W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g both
s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p ro g r a m m in g should be c la s s ifie d as s ys te m s a n alysts
i f th is is the s k ill used to d e te rm in e th e ir p a y .)

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B U SINE SS— C ontinued

COM PUTER O PERATO R

D oes not in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le f o r the m a n a g e ­
m en t o r s u p e rv is io n o f o th e r e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o ­
g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e rn e d w ith s c ie n tific an d/or e n g in e e rin g p r o b le m s .

M o n ito r s and o p e r a te s the c o n tr o l c o n s o le o f a d ig it a l c o m p u te r to
p r o c e s s data a c c o r d in g to o p e r a tin g in s tr u c tio n s , u s u a lly p re p a r e d b y a p r o ­
g ra m m er.
W o rk in c lu d e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Studies in s tru c tio n s to
d e te r m in e equ ip m en t setup and o p e r a tio n s ; loa d s equ ip m en t w ith r e q u ir e d
ite m s (tap e r e e ls , c a r d s , e tc .); s w itc h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia r y equipm en t into
c ir c u it , and s ta r ts and o p e r a te s c o m p u te r; m a k es a d ju stm en ts to c o m p u te r to
c o r r e c t o p e r a tin g p r o b le m s and m e e t s p e c ia l c o n d itio n s ; r e v ie w s e r r o r s m ade
d u rin g o p e r a tio n and d e te r m in e s cau se o r r e f e r s p r o b le m to s u p e r v is o r or
p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a in ta in s o p e r a tin g r e c o r d s .
M a y te s t and a s s is t in
c o r r e c t in g p r o g r a m .

For

wage

study p u r p o s e s ,

p r o g r a m m e r s a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W o rk s in d e p en d en tly o r under o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
c o m p le x p ro b le m s w h ich r e q u ir e c o m p eten c e in a ll p h ases o f p ro g r a m m in g
c o n cep ts and p r a c t ic e s .
W o rk in g fr o m d ia g ra m s and c h a rts w h ich id e n tify
the n atu re o f d e s ir e d r e s u lt s , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g step s to be a c c o m p lis h e d ,
and the r e la tio n s h ip s b e tw e e n v a r io u s steps o f the p ro b le m s o lv in g rou tin e;
p lans the fu ll ra n g e o f p r o g r a m m in g a ctio n s n eed ed to e ffic ie n t ly u tiliz e the
c o m p u te r s y s te m in a c h ie v in g d e s ir e d end p ro d u c ts .

A t th is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m in g is d iffic u lt b eca u se c o m p u te r equ ip m en t
m u st be o r g a n iz e d to p ro d u c e s e v e r a l in t e r r e la t e d but d iv e r s e p ro d u cts fr o m
n u m erou s and d iv e r s e data e le m e n ts .
A w id e v a r ie t y and e x te n s iv e n u m b er
o f in te r n a l p r o c e s s in g a c tio n s m u st o c c u r .
T h is r e q u ir e s such a ctio n s as
d e v e lo p m e n t o f co m m o n o p e r a tio n s w h ich can be r e u s e d , e s ta b lis h m e n t o f
lin k a g e p oin ts b e tw e e n o p e r a tio n s , ad ju stm en ts to data when p r o g r a m r e q u ir e ­
m en ts e x c e e d c o m p u te r s to r a g e c a p a c ity , and su b stan tial m a n ip u lation and
re s e q u e n c in g o f data e le m e n ts to fo r m a h ig h ly in te g r a te d p r o g r a m .

M ay p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l d ir e c tio n to lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s who a re
a s s ig n e d to a s s is t.

C la s s B .
W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r under o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
r e l a t i v e l y s im p le p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le s e g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n ts ) u s u a lly p r o c e s s in fo rm a tio n to p ro d u c e data in tw o
o r th r e e v a r ie d s equ en ces o r fo r m a ts .
R e p o r ts and lis tin g s a r e p ro d u ced by
r e fin in g , adap tin g, a r r a y in g , o r m a k in g m in o r a d d ition s to o r d e le tio n s fr o m
input data w h ich a r e r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m erou s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the data have b een r e fin e d in p r io r a c tio n s so that the a c c u r a c y
and sequ en cin g o f data can be te s te d b y u sing a fe w rou tin e c h e c k s . T y p ic a lly ,
the p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith rou tin e r e c o r d k e e p in g o p e r a tio n s .
OR
W o rk s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A ) under c lo s e
d ir e c tio n o f a h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M ay a s s is t h ig h e r
l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r by in d ep en d en tly p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d ,
and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt ta s k s under f a i r l y c lo s e d ir e c tio n .
M a y guide o r in s tr u c t lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s C . M a k e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n s o f p ro g r a m m in g p r a c t ic e s
and co n ce p ts u s u a lly le a r n e d in fo r m a l tr a in in g c o u r s e s .
A s s ig n m e n ts a re
d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e te n c e in the a p p lic a tio n o f stan dard p ro c e d u r e s to
rou tin e p r o b le m s . R e c e iv e s c lo s e s u p e rv is io n on new a s p e cts o f a s s ig n m e n ts ;
and w o rk is r e v ie w e d to v e r i f y its a c c u r a c y and c o n fo rm a n c e w ith r e q u ir e d
p ro ced u res.




For

w age

study

p u rp o s e s ,

c o m p u te r

o p e r a to r s

are

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :
C la s s A . O p e ra te s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n der on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n ,
a c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s :
N ew p r o g r a m s a r e fr e q u e n tly te s te d and in tro d u c e d ; sch ed u lin g re q u ire m e n ts
a r e o f c r i t i c a l im p o rta n c e to m in im iz e d o w n tim e; the p r o g r a m s a re o f
c o m p le x d e s ig n so that id e n tific a tio n o f e r r o r s o u rc e o fte n r e q u ir e s a w o rk in g
k n o w le d g e o f the to t a l p r o g r a m , and a lte r n a te p r o g r a m s m a y not be a v a ila b le .
M a y g iv e d ir e c tio n and gu id an ce to lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a to r s .
C la s s B . O p e ra te s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r under o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n ,
a c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s :
M o s t o f th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s ta b lis h e d p ro d u c tio n ru n s, ty p ic a lly run on a
r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; th e r e is lit t le o r no te s tin g o f new p r o g r a m s
r e q u ir e d ; a lte r n a te p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v id e d in c a s e o r ig in a l p r o g r a m n eed s
m a jo r chan ge o r cannot be c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b ly short tim e .
In
co m m o n e r r o r s itu a tio n s , d ia g n o s e s cau se and ta k e s c o r r e c t i v e ac tio n .
T h is
u s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p ly in g p r e v io u s ly p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e s te p s, o r using
stan dard c o r r e c t io n te c h n iq u e s .
OR
O p e ra te s u n der d ir e c t s u p e rv is io n a c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s o r
s e g m e n ts o f p r o g r a m s w ith th e c h a r a c t e r is t ic s d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A .
M ay
a s s is t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a to r by in d e p e n d e n tly p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt task s
a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt ta s k s fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s and
w ith fre q u e n t r e v ie w o f o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d .

e x p e c te d
a b ilit y to
r e c e iv e d
o p e r a to r

C la s s C . W o rk s on rou tin e p r o g r a m s u n der c lo s e s u p e rv is io n .
Is
to d e v e lo p w o rk in g k n o w led g e o f the c o m p u te r equ ip m en t used and
d e te c t p r o b le m s in v o lv e d in running ro u tin e p r o g r a m s .
U s u a lly has
som e f o r m a l tr a in in g in c o m p u te r o p e r a tio n . M a y a s s is t h ig h e r l e v e l
on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .

D RAFTER
C la s s A .
P la n s the g ra p h ic p re s e n ta tio n o f c o m p le x ite m s h avin g
d is tin c tiv e d e s ig n fe a tu r e s that d i f fe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m e s ta b lis h e d d ra ftin g
p re c e d e n ts .
W o rk s in c lo s e su p p ort w ith th e d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r , and m a y
r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s . A n a ly z e s th e e ffe c t o f each change on the
d e ta ils o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , and p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s o f com ponen ts and p a r ts .
W o rk s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is ta n c e .
C o m p le te d w o rk is
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r fo r c o n s is te n c y w ith p r io r e n g in e e rin g d e t e r ­
m in a tio n s .
M a y e ith e r p r e p a r e d ra w in g s o r d ir e c t th e ir p re p a r a tio n by lo w e r
l e v e l d r a ft e r s .

D R A F T E R — C ontinued

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — C ontinued

C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s non rou tin e and c o m p le x d ra ftin g a s s ig n m e n ts
that r e q u ir e the a p p lic a tio n o f m o s t o f the s ta n d a rd ize d d ra w in g tech n iqu es
r e g u la r ly u sed .
D u ties t y p ic a lly in v o lv e such w o rk a s :
P r e p a r e s w o rk in g
d ra w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith ir r e g u la r sh ap es, m u ltip le fu n ctio n s, and
p r e c is e p o s itio n a l re la tio n s h ip s b etw een com p on en ts; p r e p a r e s a r c h ite c tu r a l
d ra w in g s f o r c o n s tru c tio n o f a b u ild in g in clu d in g d e ta il d ra w in g s o f fou n ­
d a tio n s , w a ll s e c tio n s , f lo o r p la n s, and r o o f.
U ses a c c e p te d fo r m u la s and
m an u a ls in m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y com p u tation s to d e te rm in e q u a n titie s o f
m a t e r ia ls to be u sed , loa d c a p a c itie s , s tre n g th s , s t r e s s e s , e tc .
R e c e iv e s
in it ia l in s tr u c tio n s , r e q u ir e m e n ts , and a d v ic e fr o m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le te d
w o rk is c h e c k ed f o r te c h n ic a l ad equ acy.

T h is c la s s ific a t io n e x c lu d e s r e p a ir e r s o f such standard e le c t r o n ic
equ ip m en t as co m m o n o ffic e m a c h in e s and household r a d io and t e le v is io n
s e ts ; p ro d u c tio n a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y duty is
s e r v ic in g e le c t r o n ic te s t in s tru m e n ts ; te c h n icia n s who have a d m in is tr a tiv e
o r s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y ; and d r a ft e r s , d e s ig n e r s , and p r o fe s s io n a l
e n g in e e r s .

C la s s C .
P r e p a r e s d e ta il d ra w in g s o f s in g le units o r p a rts f o r
e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tru c tio n , m a n u fa c tu rin g , o r r e p a ir p u rp o s e s .
Types of
d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d in clu d e is o m e t r ic p r o je c t io n s (d e p ic tin g th r e e d im e n sio n s
in a c c u r a te s c a le ) and s e c tio n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s itio n in g o f com p on en ts
and c o n v e y n eed ed in fo r m a tio n .
C o n s o lid a te s d e ta ils fr o m a n u m b er o f
s o u r c e s and ad ju sts o r tr a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ir e d .
S u ggested m eth od s o f
a p p ro a c h , a p p lic a b le p re c e d e n ts , and a d v ic e on s o u rc e m a t e r ia ls a re g iv e n
w ith in it ia l a s s ig n m e n ts .
In s tru c tio n s a r e le s s c o m p le te w hen a s s ig n m e n ts
recu r.
W o rk m a y be s p o t-c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s .

a re

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e ls

on the

b a s is o f the fo llo w in g

C la s s A . A p p lie s ad van ced te c h n ic a l k n o w led ge to s o lv e unusually
c o m p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e . , th o s e that ty p ic a lly cannot be s o lv e d s o le ly by r e f e r ­
ence to m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m anuals o r s im ila r d ocu m en ts) in w o rk in g on e l e c ­
tr o n ic e qu ip m en t.
E x a m p le s o f such p ro b le m s in clu d e lo c a tio n and d e n s ity o f
c ir c u it r y , e le c t r o m a g n e tic r a d ia tio n , is o la tin g m a lfu n c tio n s , and fre q u e n t
e n g in e e r in g c h a n g e s .
W o rk in v o lv e s :
A d e ta ile d un derstan d in g o f the i n t e r ­
re la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s ; e x e r c is in g in d ependent ju d gm en t in p e r fo r m in g such
ta s k s as m ak in g c ir c u it a n a ly s e s , c a lc u la tin g w a v e f o r m s , tr a c in g r e la t io n ­
ships in s ig n a l flo w ; and r e g u la r ly u sing c o m p le x te s t in s tru m e n ts (e . g . , dual
tr a c e o s c illo s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia tio n m e t e r s , p u lse g e n e r a t o r s ).

W o rk m a y be r e v ie w e d b y s u p e r v is o r (fre q u e n tly an e n g in e e r o r
d e s ig n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d p r a c t ic e s .
M ay p ro v id e
te c h n ic a l gu id an ce to lo w e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s .

D R A F T E R -T R A C E R

C o p ie s p lans and d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o th e rs by p la c in g tr a c in g
c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r d ra w in g s and t r a c in g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
(D o e s not
in clu d e t r a c in g lim ite d to plans p r im a r ily c o n s is tin g o f s tr a ig h t lin e s and a
la r g e s c a le not r e q u ir in g c lo s e d e lin e a tio n .)
AND /O R
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e t it iv e d ra w in g s o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d ite m s .
W o rk is c l o s e l y s u p e rv is e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

C la s s B . A p p lie s c o m p re h e n s iv e te c h n ic a l k n o w led g e to s o lv e c o m ­
p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e . , th o s e that ty p ic a lly can be s o lv e d s o le ly by p r o p e r ly
in t e r p r e tin g m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m anu als o r s im ila r d ocu m en ts) in w o rk in g on
e le c t r o n ic equ ip m en t.
W o rk in v o lv e s :
A f a m ilia r it y w ith the in t e r r e la t io n ­
ships o f c ir c u it s ; and ju d g m e n t in d e te rm in in g w o rk sequ en ce and in s e le c tin g
to o ls and te s tin g in s tr u m e n ts , u s u a lly le s s c o m p le x than th ose used b y the
c la s s A te c h n icia n .
R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l g u id an ce, as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l te c h n ic ia n , and w o rk is r e v ie w e d f o r s p e c ific c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d
p r a c t ic e s and w o rk a s s ig n m e n ts .
M a y p ro v id e te c h n ic a l guidance to lo w e r
l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s .

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N

W o rk s on v a r io u s ty p e s o f e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m en t and r e la te d d e v ic e s
by p e r fo r m in g one o r a com b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g :
In s ta llin g , m a in ta in in g ,
r e p a ir in g , o v e r h a u lin g , tro u b le s h o o tin g , m o d ify in g , c o n stru c tin g , and te s tin g .
W o rk r e q u ir e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n o f te c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e o f e le c t r o n ic s
p r in c ip le s , a b ility to d e te rm in e m a lfu n c tio n s , and s k ill to put equ ip m en t in
r e q u ir e d o p e r a tin g con d ition .

T h e equ ip m en t— c o n s is tin g o f e ith e r m an y d iffe r e n t kinds o f c ir c u it s
o r m u ltip le r e p e titio n o f the sam e kind o f c ir c u it— in c lu d e s , but is not lim ite d
to , the fo llo w in g :
(a ) E le c t r o n ic tr a n s m ittin g and r e c e iv in g equ ip m en t (e .g .,
r a d a r , r a d io , t e le v is io n , te le p h o n e , s o n a r, n a v ig a tio n a l a id s ), (b ) d ig it a l and
a n alog c o m p u te rs , and (c ) in d u s tr ia l and m e d ic a l m e a s u rin g and c o n tr o llin g
equ ip m en t.




C la s s C . A p p lie s w o rk in g te c h n ic a l k n o w led ge to p e r fo r m s im p le o r
rou tin e ta s k s in w o rk in g o*n e le c t r o n ic equ ip m en t, fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tr u c ­
tio n s w h ich c o v e r v ir t u a lly a ll p r o c e d u r e s .
W o rk ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s such
ta s k s a s : A s s is t in g h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s by p e r fo r m in g such a c t iv it ie s as
r e p la c in g c om p on en ts, w ir in g c ir c u it s , and tak in g te s t r e a d in g s ; r e p a ir in g
s im p le e le c t r o n ic equ ip m en t; and u sin g to o ls and com m on te s t in s tru m e n ts
(e . g . , m u ltim e t e r s , audio s ig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tube t e s t e r s , o s c illo s c o p e s ).
Is not r e q u ir e d to be f a m ilia r w ith the in t e r r e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s .
T h is
k n o w le d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y be a c q u ir e d th rou gh a ssign m en ts d e s ig n e d to
in c r e a s e c o m p e te n c e (in c lu d in g c la s s r o o m tr a in in g ) so that w o r k e r can
ad van ce to h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n .
R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l g u id a n ce, as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l te c h n ic ia n .
W o rk is t y p ic a lly spot c h e c k ed , but is g iv e n d e ta ile d r e v ie w
w hen n e w o r ad van ced a s s ig n m e n ts a r e in v o lv e d .

R E G IS T E R E D I N D U S T R IA L N U R SE

R E G IS T E R E D I N D U S T R IA L N U R S E — C ontinued

A r e g is t e r e d n u rse who g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e under g e n e r a l m e d ic a l
d ir e c tio n to i l l o r in ju re d e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e rs o n s who b e c o m e i l l o r
s u ffe r an a c c id e n t on the p r e m is e s o f a fa c t o r y o r o th er e s ta b lis h m e n t.
D u ties in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g ; G iv in g f i r s t aid to the i l l o r
in ju re d ; atten d in g to subsequent d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k eep in g
r e c o r d s o f p atien ts tr e a te d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r ts fo r c o m p en s a tio n o r

o th e r p u rp o s e s ; a s s is tin g in p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s and h ealth evalu a tio n s o f
a p p lic a n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y in g out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g
health ed u ca tion , a c c id e n t p re v e n tio n , e v a lu a tio n o f plant e n v iro n m e n t, o r
o th e r a c t iv it ie s a ffe c tin g the h ealth , w e lf a r e , and s a fe ty o f a ll p e rs o n n e l.
N u rs in g s u p e r v is o r s o r head n u rs e s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than
one n u rs e a re ex c lu d e d .

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant
M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R

M A IN T E N A N C E M A C H IN IS T

P e r f o r m s the c a r p e n tr y d u ties n e c e s s a r y to c o n stru c t arid m ain ta in
in good r e p a ir b u ild in g w o o d w o rk and equ ip m en t such as b in s, c r ib s , c o u n te rs ,
b en ch es, p a r titio n s , d o o r s , f lo o r s , s t a ir s , c a s in g s , and t r im m ad e o f w ood
in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P lan n in g and
la y in g out o f w o rk fr o m b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tr u c tio n s ;
u sing a v a r ie t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d too ls, p o r ta b le p o w e r to o ls , and stan dard
m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; m a k in g stan dard shop com p u tation s r e la tin g to d im e n ­
sion s o f w o rk ; and s e le c tin g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y f o r the w o rk .
In g e n e r a l,
th e w o rk o f the m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n te r r e q u ir e s rounded tr a in in g and e x p e r i­
en ce u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .

P ro d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a rts and new p a rts in m ak in g r e p a ir s o f
m e t a l p a rts o f m e c h a n ic a l equ ip m en t o p e r a te d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk
in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : In te r p r e tin g w r itte n in s tru c tio n s and s p e c i­
fic a tio n s ; plann ing and la y in g out o f w o rk ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in is t's
han d tools and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; s e ttin g up and o p e ra tin g
stan dard m a ch in e to o ls ; shaping o f m e t a l p a r ts to c lo s e to le r a n c e s ; m ak ing
stan dard shop c o m p u tatio n s r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o rk , to o lin g , fe e d s ,
and sp eed s o f m a c h in in g; k n o w led g e o f the w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s o f the com m on
m e t a ls ; s e le c tin g stan dard m a t e r ia ls , £>arts, and equ ip m en t r e q u ir e d fo r th is
w o rk ; and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a rts into m e c h a n ic a l equ ip m en t. In g e n e r a l,
the m a c h in is t's w o rk n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rounded tr a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p
p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R IC I A N
M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M a c h in e r y )
P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic a l tr a d e fu n ctio n s such as the in s t a l­
la tio n , m a in te n a n c e , o r r e p a ir o f equ ip m en t f o r the g e n e ra tio n , d is trib u tio n ,
o r u tiliz a tio n o f e l e c t r ic e n e r g y in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t
o f the f o llo w in g : In s ta llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip ­
m en t such as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w itc h b o a rd s , c o n t r o lle r s , c ir c u it
b r e a k e r s , m o to r s , h eatin g u n its, conduit s y s te m s , o r o th er tr a n s m is s io n
equ ip m en t; w o rk in g f r o m b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s , la y ou ts, o r o th e r s p e c if i­
c a tio n s ; lo c a tin g and d ia g n o s in g tr o u b le in the e le c t r ic a l s y s te m o r e q u ip ­
m en t; w o rk in g stan dard com p u tatio n s r e la tin g to load r e q u ire m e n ts o f w ir in g
o r e l e c t r i c a l e qu ip m en t; and u sing a v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic ia n 's h andtools and
m e a s u rin g and te s tin g in s tru m e n ts .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce
e le c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s roun ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ire d th rough
a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E P A I N T E R

P a in ts and r e d e c o r a te s w a lls , w o o d w o rk , and fix tu r e s o f an e s ta b ­
lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s the fo llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f s u rfa c e p e c u lia r it ie s
and ty p e s o f paint r e q u ir e d f o r d iffe r e n t a p p lic a tio n s ; p re p a r in g s u rfa c e fo r
p ain tin g by r e m o v in g old fin is h o r by p la c in g putty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o le s and
in t e r s t ic e s ; and a p p lyin g paint w ith s p ra y gun o r bru sh.
M a y m ix c o lo r s ,
o ils , w h ite le a d , and o th e r paint in g r e d ie n ts to obtain p r o p e r c o lo r o r
c o n s is te n c y . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m ain ten a n ce p a in ter r e q u ir e s rounded
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ire d th rough a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .




R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e qu ip m en t o f an e s ta b lis h m en t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g ; E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l
e q u ip m en t to d ia g n o s e s o u rc e o f tr o u b le ; d is m a n tlin g o r p a r tly d is m a n tlin g
m a c h in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly in v o lv e the use o f handtools in
s c ra p in g and fittin g p a r ts ; r e p la c in g b ro k en o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts w ith ite m s
ob ta in ed fr o m stock ; o r d e r in g the p ro d u c tio n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a rt b y a
m a c h in e shop o r sending the m a ch in e to a m a c h in e shop f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s ;
p r e p a r in g w r itte n s p e c ific a tio n s f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r f o r the p ro d u ction o f
p a r ts o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e shops; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m ak in g a ll
n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm en ts f o r o p e r a tio n .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f a m a c h in e ry
m a in te n a n c e m ec h a n ic r e q u ir e s rounded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally
a c q u ir e d th rou gh a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i­
en c e .
E xclu d ed f r o m th is c la s s ific a t io n a r e w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y duties
in v o lv e s e ttin g up o r a d ju stin g m a c h in e s .
M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M o to r V e h ic le s )
R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u ses, m o to r tr u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s ta b ­
lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g ; E x a m in in g au tom otive eq u ip ­
m en t to d ia g n ose s o u rc e o f tr o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g equ ip m en t and p e r fo r m in g
r e p a ir s that in v o lv e th e use o f such h an d tools as w r e n c h e s , gau ges, d r i l l s ,
o r s p e c ia liz e d e q u ip m en t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a r ts ; r e p la c in g b rok en
o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts fr o m stock ; g rin d in g and ad ju stin g v a lv e s ; re a s s e m b lin g and
in s ta llin g the v a r io u s a s s e m b lie s in th e v e h ic le and m ak in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t­
m e n ts ; and a lig n in g w h e e ls , a d ju stin g b ra k e s and lig h ts , o r tig h te n in g body
b o lts .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f th e m o to r v e h ic le m ain ten an ce m ech a n ic
r e q u ir e s roun ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M o to r V e h ic le s )— C ontinued

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R — C ontinued

T h is c la s s ific a t io n does not in clu d e m e c h a n ic s who r e p a ir c u s to m e r s '
v e h ic le s in a u to m o b ile r e p a ir shops.

the h e lp e r is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m v a r ie s fr o m tra d e to tra d e r In som e
tra d e s the h e lp e r is con fin ed to su p p lyin g, liftin g , and h old in g m a te r ia ls and
to o ls , and c le a n in g w o rk in g a r e a s ; and in o th e rs he is p e rm itte d to p e r fo r m
s p e c ia liz e d m a c h in e o p e r a tio n s , o r p a rts o f a tra d e that a r e a ls o p e r fo r m e d
b y w o r k e r s on a f u ll- t im e b a s is .

M A IN T E N A N C E P I P E F I T T E R
In s ta lls o r r e p a ir s w a te r , s te a m , g as, o r o th e r ty p es o f pip e and
p ip e fittin g s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : L a y in g
out w o rk and m e a s u rin g to lo c a te p o s itio n o f pip e f r o m d ra w in g s o r oth er
w r itte n s p e c ific a tio n s ; cutting v a r io u s s iz e s o f p ip e to c o r r e c t len gth s w ith
c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e to rc h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a c h in e s ; th re a d in g
p ip e w ith stock s and d ie s ; bending pip e b y h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n
m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g p ip e w ith co u p lin gs and fa s te n in g p ip e to h a n g e rs ;
m ak in g stan dard shop com p u tation s r e la tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f
p ip e r e q u ir e d ; and m ak in g stan dard te s ts to d e te rm in e w h eth e r fin is h e d p ip es
m e e t s p e c ific a tio n s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce p ip e fitt e r
r e q u ir e s roun ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ire d th rough a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
W o r k e r s p r im a r ily
e n g a g ed in in s ta llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g sa n ita tion o r h eatin g s y s te m s
a r e e x c lu d e d .
M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R
F a b r ic a t e s , in s ta lls , and m a in ta in s in good r e p a ir the s h e e t-m e ta l
e q u ip m en t and fix tu r e s (su ch as m ach in e gu ard s, g r e a s e pans, s h e lv e s ,
lo c k e r s , tanks, v e n tila t o r s , ch u tes, ducts, m e ta l r o o fin g ) o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : P lan n in g and la y in g out a ll typ es o f
s h e e t- m e t a l m a in ten a n ce w o rk f r o m b lu e p rin ts , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c i f i ­
c a tio n s ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a tin g a ll a v a ila b le typ es o f s h e e t-m e ta l w o rk in g
m a c h in e s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f han d tools in cu ttin g, bending, fo r m in g , shaping,
fittin g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s ta llin g s h e e t-m e ta l a r t ic le s as r e q u ir e d .
In
g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in ten an ce s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s rounded
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ire d through a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A C H IN E - T O O L O P E R A T O R (T O O L R O O M )
S p e c ia liz e s in o p e ra tin g one o r m o r e than one typ e o f m ach in e
to o l (e .g ., ji g b o r e r , g rin d in g m a c h in e , engin e lath e, m illin g m a c h in e ) to
m a ch in e m e ta l fo r use in m ak in g o r m ain ta in in g jig s , fix tu r e s , cutting to o ls ,
g a u g es, o r m e ta l d ie s o r m o ld s u sed in shaping o r fo r m in g m e ta l o r
n o n m e ta llic m a t e r ia l (e .g ., p la s tic , p la s te r , ru b b er, g la s s ).
W o rk ty p ic a lly
in v o lv e s :
P lan n in g and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m ach in in g o p e ra tio n s w h ich
r e q u ir e c o m p lic a te d setups o r a h igh d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; settin g up m ach in e
to o l o r to o ls (e .g ., in s ta ll cutting to o ls and ad ju st g u id es, stops, w o rk in g
ta b le s , and o th e r c o n tr o ls to handle the s iz e o f stock to be m ach in ed ;
d e te rm in e p r o p e r fe e d s , s p ee d s , to o lin g , and o p e r a tio n sequence o r s e le c t
th ose p r e s c r ib e d in d ra w in g s , b lu e p rin ts , o r la y o u ts ); u sing a v a r i e t y o f
p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; m ak in g n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm en ts du rin g
m a ch in in g o p e r a tio n to a c h ie v e r e q u is ite d im e n sio n s to v e r y c lo s e t o le r a n c e s .
M a y be r e q u ire d to s e le c t p ro p e r coo la n ts and cuttin g and lu b ric a tin g o ils ,
to r e c o g n iz e when to o ls n eed d r e s s in g , and to d r e s s to o ls .
In g e n e r a l, the
w o rk o f a m a c h in e -to o l o p e r a to r (to o lr o o m ) at the s k ill l e v e l c a lle d f o r in
this c la s s ific a t io n r e q u ir e s e x te n s iv e k n o w led g e o f m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o l ­
ro o m p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d through c o n s id e r a b le o n -th e -jo b tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a g e study p u rp o s es , th is c la s s ific ? t io n does not
in clu d e m a c h in e -to o l o p e r a to r s (t o o lr o o m ) e m p lo y e d in to o l and d ie job b in g
shops.

M IL L W R IG H T

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R

In s ta lls new m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e qu ip m en t, and d is m a n tle s and
in s ta lls m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e qu ip m en t when chan ges in the p lan t lay ou t a r e
r e q u ir e d .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
P lan n in g and la y in g out
w o rk ; in t e r p r e tin g b lu e p rin ts o r o th e r s p e c ific a tio n s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f handto o ls and r ig g in g ; m ak ing stan dard shop com p u tation s r e la tin g to s tr e s s e s ,
s tre n g th o f m a t e r ia ls , and c e n te r s o f g r a v it y ; a lig n in g and b ala n cin g e q u ip ­
m en t; s e le c tin g stan dard to o ls , equ ip m en t, and p a rts to be used ; and in s ta llin g
and m a in ta in in g in good o r d e r p o w e r tr a n s m is s io n equ ip m en t such as d r iv e s
and sp eed r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t 's w o rk n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a
rounded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in the tr a d e a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

C o n s tru c ts and r e p a ir s jig s , fix tu r e s , cutting to o ls , g a u g es, o r
m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s u sed in shaping o r fo r m in g m e ta l o r n o n m e ta llic
m a t e r ia l (e .g ., p la s tic , p la s te r , ru b b e r, g la s s ).
W o rk ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s :
P lan n in g and la y in g out w o rk a c c o r d in g to m o d e ls , b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s , o r
o th e r w r itte n o r o r a l s p e c ific a tio n s ; un derstan d in g the w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s o f
co m m o n m e ta ls and a llo y s ; s e le c tin g a p p ro p ria te m a t e r ia ls , to o ls , and
p r o c e s s e s r e q u ire d to c o m p le te task ; m ak in g n e c e s s a r y shop com p u tation s;
s e ttin g up and o p e ra tin g v a r io u s m ach in e to o ls and r e la te d equ ip m en t; u sing
v a r io u s to o l and d ie m a k e r 's han d tools and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ;
w o rk in g to v e r y c lo s e to le r a n c e s ; h e a t- tr e a tin g m e ta l p a rts and fin is h e d to o ls
and d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ire d q u a litie s ; fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a rts to p r e ­
s c r ib e d to le r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s .
In g e n e ra l, the to o l and die m a k e r 's
w o rk r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and to o lr o o m p r a c t ic e
u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R
A s s is t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m a in ten an ce tr a d e s , b y
p e r fo r m in g s p e c ific o r g e n e r a l d u ties o f le s s e r s k ill, such as k e ep in g a
w o r k e r su p p lied w ith m a te r ia ls and to o ls ; c le a n in g w o rk in g a r e a , m a ch in e,
and e q u ip m en t; a s s is tin g jo u rn e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls o r to o ls ; and p e r ­
fo r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d task s as d ir e c te d b y jo u rn ey m a n . T h e kind o f w o rk




F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a g e study p u rp o s es , this c la s s ific a t io n d oes not
in clu d e to o l and die m a k e r s who (1 ) a r e e m p lo y e d in to o l and d ie job b in g
shops o r (2 ) p ro d u c e fo r g in g d ie s (d ie s in k e r s ).

S T A T I O N A R Y E N G IN E E R

S T A T I O N A R Y E N G IN E E R — C ontinued

O p e r a t e s and m a in ta in s and m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e the o p e r a ti o n o f
s t a t i o n a r y e n g in e s and e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to supply the
e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ich e m p l o y e d w ith p o w e r , he at, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r c on d itio n in g. W o r k i n v o l v e s :
O p e r a t i n g and m a in ta in in g e q u ip m en t such as
s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , tu rb in e s , v e n tila tin g
and r e f r i g e r a t i n g e qu ip m en t,
s te a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r pum ps;
m a k in g e q u ip m en t r e p a i r s ; and k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t i o n o f m a c h i n e r y ,
t e m p e r a t u r e , and f u e l c on su m p tio n.
M a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th es e o p e r a t i o n s .

H e ad o r c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s ta b l i s h m e n ts e m p l o y i n g m o r e than one e n g i n e e r
a r e exc lu d e d .
B O ILE R T E N D E R
F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to fu r n is h the e s ta b l i s h m e n t in w h ich
e m p l o y e d w ith he at, p o w e r , o r s te a m .
F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e b y hand o r
o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n i c a l s to k e r , gas, o r o i l b u r n e r; and checks w a t e r and
s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c le an, o il, o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m equip m en t.

Material Movement and Custodial
TR U C K D R IV ER

WAREHOUSEMAN

D r i v e s a tru c k w ith in a c i t y o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a to tr a n s p o r t m a t e ­
r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e , e qu ip m en t, o r w o r k e r s b e tw e e n v a r i o u s ty p es o f e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts such as: M an u fa ctu rin g pla nts, f r e i g h t d epots , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e ­
s a le and r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l
e s ta b l i s h m e n ts and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s in e s s . M a y a l s o loa d o r unload tru c k with
o r without h e l p e r s , m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p tr u c k in good
w o r k i n g o r d e r . S a l e s r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e exclu ded.

A s d i r e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f w a r e h o u s i n g duties w h ich r e q u i r e
an u n de rs tan d in g o f the e s t a b l i s h m e n t ' s s t o r a g e p l a n . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t
o f the f o l l o w i n g : V e r i f y i n g m a t e r i a l s ( o r m e r c h a n d i s e ) against r e c e i v i n g
doc um e nts , noting and r e p o r t i n g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and o b viou s d a m a g e s ; routing
m a t e r i a l s t o p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n s ; s to r in g , stacking, o r p a l l e t i z i n g
m a t e r i a l s in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m e t h o d s ; r e a r r a n g i n g and
t a k i n g i n v e n t o r y o f s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s ; e x a m i n i n g s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s and
r e p o r t i n g d e t e r i o r a t i o n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s t o r a g e and
p r e p a r i n g i t f o r ship m en t. M a y o p e r a t e hand o r p o w e r tr u c k s in p e r f o r m i n g
w a r e h o u s i n g d utie s .

F o r wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (T ra c to r-tra ile r should be rated on the basis
of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,

light truck (under IV 2 tons)
medium truck (IV 2 to and including 4 tons)
heavy truck (tra ile r) (over 4 tons)
heavy truck (other than tra ile r) (over 4 tons)

ORDER F IL L E R

SHIPPING A N D RECEIVING CLER K
P rep ares merchandise fo r shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other m aterials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping changes, and
keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing the
merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing
others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of lading,
invoices, or other records; checking fo r shortages and rejecting damaged
goods; routing merchandise or m aterials to proper departments; and main­
taining necessary, records and files.

For

wage

study

purposes,

Shipping clerk
Receiving clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk




w orkers

are

classified

as

E x c l u d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d uties i n v o l v e shipping and r e c e i v i n g
w o r k ( s e e Shipping and R e c e i v i n g C l e r k and Shipping P a c k e r ) , o r d e r f i l l i n g
( s e e O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a t i n g p o w e r tr u c k s ( s e e P o w e r - T r u c k O p e r a t o r ) .

follows:

F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers'
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requisition
additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform other
related duties.

SH IPPING PACK ER

P rep ares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations perform ed being dependent upon
the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of container
employed, and method of shipment. W ork requires the placing of items in
shipping containers and m ay involve one or m ore of the following: Knowledge
of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate
type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior
or other m aterial to prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing con­
tainer; and applying labels or entering identifying data on container. Packers
who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G L A B O R E R

GUARD AN D W A TC H M A N

A w orker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or
other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various m aterials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
m aterials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting
m aterials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshore
w orkers, who load and unload ships, are excluded.

Guard. Perform s routine police duties, either at fixed post or on
tour, maintaining order, using arm s or force where necessary. Includes
guards who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.
Watchman. Makes rounds of prem ises periodically in protecting
property against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

PO W E R -T R U C K OPERATOR
JANITOR, PORTER, OR C LE A N E R
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered truck
or tractor to transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about a warehouse,
manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

truck,

F o r wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of pow eras follows:
Forklift operator
Pow er-truck operator (other than forklift)




Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas and
washrooms, or prem ises of an office, apartment house, or com m erical
or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips, trash,
and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal
fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance services;
and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restroom s. W orkers who specialize
in window washing are excluded.

Service Contract
Act Surveys
T h e fo l l o w i n g a r e a s a r e s u r ­
v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f o r us e in a d m i n ­
i s t e r i n g the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t
o f 1965.
S u r v e y r e s u l t s a r e pub­
l i s h e d in r e l e a s e s w h ic h a r e a v a i l a ­
b le , at no c o s t, w h ile suppli es la s t
f r o m any o f the B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s
shown on the b ack c o v e r .
Alaska (statew ide)
A lb a n y , Ga.
A lex a n d ria , La.
A lp e n a , Standish, and
T a w a s C ity , M ich.
A s h e v i l l e , N .C .
A tl a n ti c C ity , N.J.
A ugusta , G a . - S . C .
A u s tin , T e x .
B a k e r s f i e l d , C a lif.
Baton R o u g e , L a .
B a ttle C r e e k , M ic h.
Beaum ont—P o r t A r t h u r Orange, Tex.
B i l o x i — u l f p o r t and
G
Pascago u la, M iss.
B r e m e r t o n , Wash.
B r i d g e p o r t , N o r w a l k , and
S t a m f o r d , Conn.
B r u n s w ic k , Ga.
C e d a r R a p id s , Iowa
Cham paig n—Urbana—Rantoul, 111.
C h a r le s t o n , S.C.
Cheyen ne, Wyo.
C l a r k s v i l l e —H o p k i n s v i l l e , T e n n .—Ky.
C o l o r a d o S p r i n g s , Colo.
C o lu m b ia , S.C.
C olum bus, M i s s .
C r a n e , Ind.
D e c a tu r , 111.
Des M o i n e s , Iowa
Dothan, A la .
Duluth— u p e r i o r , M inn.—W is .
S
E l P a s o , T e x . , and A l a m o g o r d o —L a s
C r u c e s , N. M ex.
E ugen e— p r i n g f i e l d and M e d f o r d —
S
K la m a th F a l l s — r a n ts P a s s —
G
R osebu rg, O reg.
F a y e t t e v i l l e , N .C .
F i tc h b u r g —L e o m i n s t e r , M a s s .




F o r t R i l e y —Junction C ity , Kans.
F o r t Sm ith, A r k . —Okla.
F o r t W a yn e, Ind.
F r e d e r i c k —H a g e r s to w n —
C h a m b e r s b u r g , Md.—Pa.
G ad sd en and Annis to n, A la .
G o l d s b o r o , N .C .
Gran d Island—H astin gs , N e b r .
Guam, T e r r i t o r y of
H a r r i s b u r g —L e b an o n , Pa.
L a C r o s s e , W is .
L a redo , Tex.
L a w t o n , Okla.
L e x i n g t o n — a y e t t e , Ky.
F
L i m a , Ohio
L o g a n s p o r t —P e r u , Ind.
L o w e r E a s t e r n S h o r e , M d .— a .—Del.
V
M a c on , Ga.
M a d is o n , W is .
M ain e ( s t a t e w i d e )
M c A l l e n —P h a r r —
Edinburg and
B r o w n s v i l l e —H a r lin g e n —
San B e n ito , T e x .
M erid ia n , M iss.
M i d d l e s e x , Monmo uth, and
O c e an C o s . , N.J.
M o b i l e and P e n s a c o l a , A l a . —F la .
Montana ( s t a t e w i d e )
N a s h v i l l e —D av id s on , Tenn.
N e w B e r n r - J a c k s o n v ille , N .C .
N ew H am psh ire (statew ide)
N e w Lon don — o r w i c h , Conn.—R .I.
N
N o r t h Dak ota ( s t a t e w i d e )
Northern N ew York
O rlan d o, F la .
Oxn ar d— i m i V a l l e y —V e n tu ra , C alif.
S
P h o e n ix , A r i z .
P i n e B lu f f, A r k .
P u e b l o , C olo.
P u erto R ico
R a l e i g h —D u rh am , N .C .
R eno, N e v .
R iv ers id e —
San B e r n a r d i n o —
O n t a rio , C a l i f.
Sali na, Kans.
S a li n as — e a s i d e —M o n t e r e y , C a l i f.
S
Sandusky, Ohio
Santa B a r b a r a —
Santa M a r i a —
L o m p o c , C a lif.

Savannah, Ga.
Selm a, Ala.
S h e rm a n — enison , T e x .
D
S h revep ort, La.
South Dakota ( s t a t e w i d e )
Southern Idaho
So u th w e stern V i r g i n i a
S p r i n g f i e l d , 111.
S p r i n g f i e l d —C h ic o p e e —H o ly o k e ,
M a s s . —Conn.
Stockton, C alif.
T a c o m a , Wash.
Tampa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F la .
T o p e k a , Kans.
T u l s a , Okla.
Up p er P e n in s u la , M ich.
V a l l e j o —F a i r f i e l d —Napa, C alif.
V erm on t (statew ide)
V i r g i n Islands of the U.S.
W a co and K i l l e e n ^ T e m p l e , T e x .
W a t e r l o o —C e d a r F a l l s , Io wa
W e s t T e x a s P la in s
W est V ir g in ia (statew ide)
W i l m i n g to n , D e l . —N. J.—Md.
Y a k i m a , R ic hlan d —K e n n e w ic k , and
W a l l a W a l l a —P e n d le to n ,
Wash .—O r e g .

ALSO A V A IL A B L E —
A n annual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r
ac counta nts , a u d ito r s , c h ie f a c c o u n t­
ants, a t t o r n e y s , job a n a l y s t s , d i r e c ­
t o r s of p e r s o n n e l , b u y e r s , c h e m i s t s ,
e n g i n e e r s , e n g i n e e r i n g te c h n icia n s ,
d r a f t e r s , a n d c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s
is a v a i l a b l e .
O r d e r as B L S B u l l e ­
tin 1980, N a tio n a l Su rv e y o f P r o ­
fessio n a l, A d m in is tr a tiv e , Technical
and C l e r i c a l P a y , M a r c h 1977, $2.40
a c op y, f r o m any o f the B L S r e ­
g io n a l s a le s o f f i c e s shown on the
b ac k c o v e r , o r f r o m the S u p e r in ­
tendent o f D oc u m e n ts , U.S. G o v e r n ­
m en t P r i n t i n g O f f ic e , Washington,
D.C. 20402.

Area Wage
Surveys
A l i s t o f the l a t e s t b u ll e tin s a v a i l a b l e is p r e s e n t e d b e lo w .
B u ll e tin s
m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m any o f the B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s shown on the b ack
c o v e r , o r f r o m the Superin te ndent of D o c u m e n ts , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g
O f f i c e , W a sh ingto n , D .C. 20402.
M ak e check s p ay ab le to Superin te n den t of
D oc u m e n ts .
A d i r e c t o r y of occup atio nal w a g e s u r v e y s , c o v e r i n g the y e a r s
1970 through 1976, is a v a i l a b l e on r eq u e st.

Area
A k r o n , Ohio , D ec. 1 9 76 1________________________________________
A l b a n y — c h e n e c t a d y — r o y , N . Y . , Sept. 1977_________________
S
T
An aheim —
Santa A n a — a r d e n G r o v e ,
G
C a l i f . , O c t. 1977_________________________________________________
A tla n ta , G a . , M a y 1977__________________________________________
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , Aug. 1977______________________________________
B i l l i n g s , M o n t., July 1977 1_____________________________________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1977__________________________________
B os ton , M a s s . , Aug. 1977________________________________________
B u ffa lo , N . Y . , Oct. 1977_________________________________________
Canton, O hio , M a y 1977 1 ________________________________________
Chatt anooga, T e n n . - G a . , Sept. 1977____________________________
C h ic a g o , 111., M a y 1977 1_________________________________________
C in c inn ati, O hio — y . — n d . , July 1977 1 _______________________
K
I
C l e v e l a n d , O hio , Sept. 1977 1___________________________________
C olu m b u s , Ohio , O c t. 1977 ______________________________________
Corpus C h r i s t i , T e x . , July 1977 1 ______________________________
D a l l a s - F o r t W o rt h , T e x . , O ct. 1977___________________________
D a v e n p o r t —R o c k Isla nd— o l i n e , Io wa—111., M a y 1977 1 _____
M
Day ton, Ohio, D ec. 1976 _________________________________________
Day tona B e a c h , F l a . , Aug. 1977 1_______________________________
D e n v e r — o u l d e r , C o l o . , D ec. 197 6 _____________________________
B
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , M a r . 1977____________________ ____ _____________
F r e s n o , C a l i f . , June 1977 _______________________________________
G a i n e s v i l l e , F l a . , Sept. 1977 1__________________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , July 1977_____________________________________
G r e e n s b o r o — i n s t o n - S a l e m — ig h P o i n t ,
W
H
N . C . , Au g . 1977 1_______________________ ________________________
G r e e n v i l l e — p a r t a n b u r g , S.C ., June 1977 ____________________
S
H a r t f o r d , Conn ., M a r . 1977_____________________________________
Hou st on, T e x . , Au g . 1977 1______________________________________
H u n t s v i l l e , A l a . , F eb . 1 9 7 7 * ____________________________________
I n d ia n a p o lis , Ind., Oct. 1977____________________________________
Jackson, M i s s . , Jan. 1977 1 _____________________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1977___________________________________
K ansas C i t y , M o . - K a n s . , Sept. 1977___________________________
L o s A n g e l e s — o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , O c t. 1977 __________________
L
L o u i s v i l l e , K y . — n d . , N o v . 1977 1 ______________________________
I
M e m p h i s , T e n n . — r k . — i s s . , N o v . 1977______________________
A
M




B u lle tin number
and p r i c e *
1900-76, 85 cents
1950-52, 80 cents
1950-60,
1950-17,
1950-39,
1950-40,
1950-8,
1950-50,
1950-58,
1950-28,
1950-44,
1950-41,
1950-45,
1950-53,
1950-64,
1950-35,
1950-65,
1950-26,
1900-78,
1950-43,
1900-73,
1950-13,
1950-30,
1950-46,
1950-36,

$1.00
$1.20
$1.20
$1.00
85 cents
$ 1.2 0
$1.00
$1.10
70 cents
$1.40
$1.20
$1.40
$1.00
$1.00
$1.20
$1.10
85 cents
$1.00
85 cents
$1.20
70 cents
$1.00
70 cents

1950-42,
1950-33,
1950-9,
1950-48,
1950-4,
1950-56,
1950-2,
1950-67,
1950-54,
1950-61,
1950-66,
1950-63,

$1.10
70 cents
80 cents
$1.40
$1.40
$ 1 .0 0
$1.50
70 cents
$1.00
$1.20
$1.20
70 cents

Area

B u lle tin nu m b er
and p r i c e *

M i a m i , F l a . , Oct. 1977___________________________________________ 1950-57, $1.00
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1977 ____________________________________ 1950-14, $ 1.1 0
M inn eapolis—
St. P a u l, M inn.—W i s . , Jan. 1977________________ 1950-3, $ 1 .6 0
N a s sa u — u ff o lk, N . Y . , June 1977 ______________________________
S
1950-27, $1.00
N e w a r k , N. J . , Jan. 1977 _________________________________________ 1950-7, $ 1.60
1950-5, $1.60
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , Jan. 1977 1 _________________________________
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . - N . J . , M a y 1977 _______________________________
1950-31, $1.20
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B ea ch —P o r t s m o u t h , V a .—
N . C . , M a y 1977 _______________ ____ ______________________________ 1950-20, 70 cents
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a Bea ch —P o r t s m o u t h and
N ew port N ew s—
Hampton, V a .— .C . , M a y 1977_____________ 1950-21, 70 cents
N
N o r t h e a s t P e n n s y l v a n i a , Aug. 1977 1___________________________ 1950-38, $1.10
O k la ho m a C ity , O k l a . , Aug. 1977 1
_____________________________
1950-49, $1.10
O m ah a, N e b r . —
Iow a , Oct. 1977 1 _______________________________
1950-55, $1.10
P a t e r s o n —C lifto n —P a s s a i c , N . J . , June 1977 __________________ 1950-34, 70 cents
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . - N . J . , N o v . 1977______________________________ 1950-62, $1.20
P itts b u r gh , P a ., Jan. 1977_______________________________________ 1950-1, $1.50
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , D ec. 1976 1 ___________________________________ 1900-72, 85 cents
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a sh ., M a y 1977 1____________________________ 1950-32, $1.20
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N . Y . , June 1977 ________________________________
1950-25, 70 cents
P o u g h k e e p s ie — in g s to n — e w b u rg h , N . Y . , June 1976________ 1900-55, 55 cents
K
N
P r o v i d e n c e —W a r w i c k —P a w tu c k e t, R . I . —
M a s s . , June 1977 1 ______________________________________________ 1950-22, $1.20
R ic h m o n d , V a . , June 1977 1 _____________________________________ 1950-23, $1.10
St. L o u i s , M o .—
111., M a r . 1977 _________________________________
1950-10, $1.20
S a c r a m e n t o , C a l i f . , D e c . 1976 _________________________________ 1900-71, 55 cents
Sa gin aw , M i c h . , N o v . 1977_______________________________________ 1950-59, 70 cents
Salt L a k e C ity—Ogden, Utah, N o v . 1977 _______________________
1950-68, 80 cents
San A n to n io , T e x . , M a y 1977 1__________________________________ 1950-24, $1.10
San D i e g o , C a l i f . , N ov. 1976____________________________________ 1900-79, 55 cents
San F r a n c i s c o — akland, C a l i f . , M a r . 1977 ___________________ 1950-29, $1.20
O
San J o s e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1977 _____________________________________ 1950-19, $1.00
S e a t tl e — v e r e t t , W a sh ., Jan 1 9 7 7 * _____________________________ 1950-12, $1.20
E
South Bend, Ind., Au g . 1977 1___________________________________ 1950-51, $1.10
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , July 197 6 _______________________________________ 1900-44, 55 cents
T o l e d o , O hio— i c h . , M a y 1977 _________________________________ 1950-18, 80 cents
M
T r e n t o n , N .J . , Sept. 1977............ ..................... ..................... ........ 1950-47, 70 cents
U tic a —R o m e , N . Y . , July 1977 1 _________________________________
1950-37, $1.10
W a sh in gto n , D . C . — d .—V a . , M a r . 1977 _______________________ 1950-11, $1.20
M
W ic h ita , K a n s ., A p r . 1977 1 _____________________________________ 1950-16, $1.10
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , A p r . 1977 __________________________________ 1950-15, 70 cents
Y o r k , P a . , F eb . 1977 ____________________________________________
1950-6, $1.10

Prices are d e te rm in e d by the G o ve rn m e n t P rin tin g O ffic e and are subject to change.
D a ta on e sta b lis h m e n t p ractices and su p p lem e n ta ry w age provisio n s are also presented.

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212
Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail
Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region I

Region II

Region IH

Region IV

1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass 02203
Phone 223-6761 (Area Code 617)

Suite 3400
1515 Broadway
New York, N Y 10036
Phone 399-5406 (Area Code 212)

3535 Market Street,
P O Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa 19101
Phone 596-1154 (Area Code 215)

Suite 540
>371 Peachtree St., N.E.
Atlanta, Ga 30309
Phone 881-4418 (Area Code 404)

Connecticut
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West Virginia

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Mississippi
North Carolina
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Region V

Region VI

Regions VII and VIII

Regions IX and X

9th Floor. 230 S Dearborn St
Chicago, III 60604
Phone 353-1880 (Area Code 312)

Second Floor
555 Griffin Square Building
Dallas, Tex 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St.. 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo 64106
Phone 374 2481 (Area Code 816)

450 Golden Gate Ave
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif 94102
Phone :556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Arkansas
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VII

VIII

IX

X

Iowa
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Arizona
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Illinois
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Michigan
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Wisconsin





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102