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Area
Wage
Survey
Bulletin 1950-35

Corpus Christi, Texas,
Metropolitan Area, July 1977

Preface
T h is b u lle tin p r o v id e s r e s u lt s o f a July 1977 s u r v e y o f o c c u p a tio n a l
e a r n in g s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e b e n e fits in th e C orpu s C h r is t i, T e x a s ,
S tan d ard M e tr o p o lita n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a .
T h e s u r v e y w as m ad e as p a r t o f
the B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s ' annual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m .
It w as
con d u cted b y th e B u re a u 's r e g io n a l o f f ic e in D a lla s , T e x . , u n der th e g e n e r a l
d ir e c t io n o f B o y d B . O 'N e a l, A s s is t a n t R e g io n a l C o m m is s io n e r f o r O p e r ­
a tio n s .
T h e s u r v e y c o u ld not h a ve b e e n a c c o m p lis h e d w ith ou t the c o o p e r ­
a tio n o f th e m a n y f ir m s w h o s e w a g e and s a la r y data p r o v id e d the b a s is fo r
th e s t a t is t ic a l in fo r m a tio n in th is b u lle tin .
T h e B u re a u w is h e s to e x p r e s s
s in c e r e a p p r e c ia tio n f o r the c o o p e r a tio n r e c e iv e d .
M a t e r ia l in th is p u b lic a tio n is in the p u b lic d o m a in and m a y be
r e p r o d u c e d w ith ou t p e r m is s io n o f th e F e d e r a l G o v e rn m e n t.
P le a s e c r e d it

the B u re a u
p u b lic a tio n .

of

Labor

S ta tis tic s

and

c ite

th e

nam e

and

n u m b er

of

th is

Note:
A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and s u p p le m e n ta ry b e n ­
e fit s in th e C orpu s C h r is t i a r e a is a v a ila b le f o r th e m o v in g and s to r a g e
(J u ly 1977) in d u s try .
A l s o a v a ila b le a r e lis t in g s o f union w a g e r a te s f o r
b u ild in g t r a d e s , p rin tin g tr a d e s , lo c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a tin g e m p lo y e e s , lo c a l
t r u c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s , and g r o c e r y s t o r e e m p lo y e e s .
F r e e c o p ie s o f
th e s e a r e a v a ila b le f r o m th e B u re a u 's r e g io n a l o f f ic e s .
(S e e b a c k c o v e r
f o r a d d r e s s e s .)

Area
Wage
Survey

Corpus Christi, Texas,
Metropolitan Area, July 1977

U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

Contents

Page

Page

October 1977
Bulletin 1950-35

In tro d u c tio n --------------------------------------------------------

2

T a b le s :
A.

B -5 .
E a rn in g s , a ll es ta b lis h m en ts :
A - l . W e e k ly ea rn in g s o f o ffic e
w o r k e r s -------------------------------------A -2 . W e e k ly e arn in gs o f p r o f e s ­
sion al and te c h n ica l w o r k e r s ------A -3 . A v e r a g e w e e k ly ea rn in g s o f
o ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and
te c h n ica l w o r k e r s , b y s e x ----------A -4 . H o u rly ea rn in g s o f m a in te ­
nance, to o lr o o m , and
p o w e rp la n t w o r k e r s -------------------A - 5 . H o u rly e a rn in g s o f m a te r ia l
m o v e m e n t and c u stod ial
A -6 .

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S.
Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402, GPO
Bookstores, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover.

P e r c e n t in c r e a s e s in a v e ra g e
h o u rly e a rn in g s ,a d ju s te d fo r
e m p lo y m e n t s h ifts ,fo r s e ­
le c te d occu p ation g ro u p s -------------

B -6 .
3

B -7 .

Annual p aid h o lid a y s fo r f u ll­
tim e w o r k e r s -------------------------------- 13
P a id va c a tio n p ro v is io n s fo r
fu ll- tim e w o r k e r s ------------------------- 14
H ealth , in s u ra n ce , and p ension
plans fo r fu ll- t im e w o r k e r s ---------- 16
L i f e in s u ra n ce plans fo r
fu ll- tim e w o r k e r s ------------------------- 17

4
A p p en d ix A .
A p p en d ix B.
5

6

A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f
m ain ten an ce, to o lr o o m ,
p ow erp la n t, m a te r ia l m o v e ­
m ent, and c u s to d ia l w o r k e r s ,

A -7 .

B.

B -4 .

9

E s ta b lis h m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le­
m e n ta r y w a g e p r o v is io n s :
B - l . M in im u m e n tra n ce s a la r ie s
fo r in e x p e r ie n c e d ty p ists
and c le r k s ------------------------------------ 10
B -2 . L a te -s h ift pay p ro v is io n s f o r
fu ll- tim e m anu factu rin g
plant w o r k e r s ----------------------------- 11
B -3 . Scheduled w e e k ly h ou rs and
days o f fu ll- t im e f ir s t - s h ift
w o r k e r s ---------------------------------------- 12

Scope and m ethod o f s u rv e y -----------20
O ccu p ation al d e s c r ip tio n s ------------- 25

Introduction
T a b le A - 7 p r o v id e s p e r c e n t c h an ges in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f
o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s , e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g w o r k e r s , in d u s tr ia l
n u r s e s , s k ille d m a in te n a n c e tr a d e s w o r k e r s , and u n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s .
W h e re p o s s ib le , data a r e p r e s e n te d f o r a l l in d u s tr ie s and f o r m a n u fa c tu rin g
and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g s e p a r a t e ly .
D ata a r e n ot p r e s e n te d f o r s k ille d m a in ­
te n a n c e w o r k e r s in n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g b e c a u s e the n u m b er o f w o r k e r s e m ­
p lo y e d in th is o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p in n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g is to o s m a ll to w a r r a n t
s e p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n .
T h is ta b le p r o v id e s a m e a s u r e o f w a g e tr e n d s a f t e r
e lim in a tio n o f ch an ges in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s c a u s e d b y e m p lo y m e n t s h ifts
am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts as w e l l as tu r n o v e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts in c lu d e d in
s u r v e y s a m p le s .
F o r fu r th e r d e t a ils , s e e ap p e n d ix A .

T h is a r e a is 1 o f 74 in w h ich th e U.S. D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r 's B u ­
re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s con du cts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and r e ­
la te d b e n e fits .
(S e e l i s t o f a r e a s on in s id e b a c k c o v e r . )
In e a c h a r e a ,
o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s data ( A - s e r i e s t a b le s ) a r e c o lle c t e d an n u ally.
In fo r ­
m a tio n on e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e b e n e fits (B s e r ie s ta b le s ) is ob ta in ed e v e r y th ir d y e a r .
E a c h y e a r a f t e r a ll in d iv id u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s h a ve b e e n c o m ­
p le te d , tw o s u m m a r y b u lle tin s a r e is s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b rin g s t o g e th e r data
f o r e a c h m e t r o p o lita n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; th e s e c o n d p re s e n ts n a tio n a l and r e ­
g io n a l e s t im a t e s , p r o je c t e d f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o lita n a r e a d ata, f o r a ll
S tan d ard M e tr o p o lita n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a s in th e U n ited S ta te s , e x c lu d in g A la s k a
and H a w a ii.

B - s e r i e s ta b le s

A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in th e a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is th e n eed
to d e s c r ib e th e l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r ie t y o f la b o r m a r k e ts ,
th ro u gh th e a n a ly s is o f (1 ) th e l e v e l and d is tr ib u t io n o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a tio n ,
and (2 ) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a tio n a l c a t e g o r y and s k ill l e v e l .
T h e p r o g r a m d e v e lo p s in fo r m a tio n th at m a y b e u sed fo r m a n y p u r p o s e s ,
in c lu d in g w a g e and s a la r y a d m in is tr a tio n , c o lle c t iv e b a r g a in in g , and a s ­
s is ta n c e in d e te r m in in g p lan t lo c a tio n .
S u r v e y r e s u lt s a ls o a r e u sed b y the
U .S. D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r to m a k e w a g e d e te r m in a tio n s u n d er the S e r v ic e
C o n tr a c t A c t o f i 965.
A -s e r ie s

T h e B - s e r i e s ta b le s p r e s e n t in fo r m a tio n on m in im u m e n tr a n c e
s a la r ie s f o r in e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts and c le r k s ; l a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v is io n s and
p r a c t ic e s f o r p lan t w o r k e r s in m a n u fa c tu rin g ; and data s e p a r a t e ly f o r p lan t
and o f f ic e w o r k e r s on s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs and d a y s o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k ­
e r s ; p aid' h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a tio n s ; h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s ;
and m o r e d e ta ile d in fo r m a tio n on l i f e in s u r a n c e p lan s.
A p p e n d ix e s
A p p e n d ix A d e s c r ib e s th e m eth o d s and c o n c e p ts u sed in th e a r e a
w age s u rve y p ro gra m .
It p r o v id e s in fo r m a tio n on the s c o p e o f th e a r e a
s u r v e y , on th e a r e a 's in d u s tr ia l c o m p o s itio n in m a n u fa c tu rin g , and on
la b o r - m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t c o v e r a g e .

ta b le s

T a b le s A - l th ro u g h A - 6 p r o v id e e s tim a te s o f s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly
o r h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r w o r k e r s in o c c u p a tio n s c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f
m a n u fa c tu rin g and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s .
F o r the 31 la r g e s t s u r v e y
a r e a s , ta b le s A - 8 th ro u g h A - 1 3 p r o v id e s im ila r data f o r e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e .

A p p e n d ix B p r o v id e s jo b d e s c r ip tio n s u s e d b y B u re a u
o m is ts to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s b y o c cu p atio n .

2

fie ld

econ­

A. Earnings
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Corpus Christi, Tex., July 1977
Weekly earnings
(standard)
Average
weekly

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f--$

%

of
kers

(standard)

90

$

*

$

$

$

$

S

*

S

»

S

S

$

$

$

$

t

$

S

Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range2

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

17 0

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

28 0

300

100

Occupation and industry divis ion

110

120

130

140

150

16 0

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

300

320

2
-

-

2

7

20
1
19

22
3
19

26
7
19

48
13
35

17
4
13

19
6
13

8
3
5

9
3
6

6
4
2

6
1
5

10
7
3

7
4
3

7
5
2

1
1

-

-

2
1

3
2

3
2

-

3
3

3
3

3
2

-

2
2

-

~

2
2

3
1
2

25

4

-

7
1

3

1

-

6

3

1

2
1
1

2
1
1

5
5
-

1
1

4

4
1
3

-

19

2
1
1

4

14
2
12

5
3
2

1
*
1

2
1
1

2
2

1
1

4
4

-

6
6

-

-

-

“

3
3
“

-

-

5

-

5
3
2

-

1
1
“

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

~

2

4
i

1
1

-

1
1

-

-

-

and
u n d er

ALL WORKERS

SECRETARIES --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

232
65
167

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
1 8 4 .0 0
2 0 7 .5 0
1 7 4 .5 0

$
1 7 5 .0 0
2 0 0 .0 0
1 7 1 .0 0

$
$
1 5 5 .5 0 -2 0 9 .5 0
1 7 5 .0 0 -2 5 0 .0 0
1 5 0 .5 0 -1 8 7 .5 0

SECRETARIES* CLASS B -------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------

23
18

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 0 8 .0 0
2 1 7 .0 0

2 0 9 .0 0
2 1 6 .5 0

1 7 9 .5 0 -2 2 4 .5 0
1 8 9 .5 0 -2 4 1 .5 0

SECRETARIES* CLASS C --------------*
----MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

71
18
53

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 9 5 .0 0
2 3 1 .0 0
1 8 3 .0 0

1 7 8 .5 0
2 3 0 .5 0
1 7 5 .0 0

SECRETARIES* CLASS 0 -------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------

80
24
56

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 7 6 .0 0
2 2 1 .0 0
1 5 6 .5 0

SECRETARIES* CLASS E -------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

42
17
25

f
t

STENOGRAPHERS'----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

2

-

2

7

14
3
11

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

1 7 2 .5 0 -2 1 8 .0 0
1 7 5 .5 0 -2 8 7 .0 0
1 6 5 .5 0 -2 0 9 .5 0

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

1 6 1 .0 0
2 3 1 .0 0
1 5 5 .5 0

1 4 6 .0 0 -1 8 6 .0 0
1 8 7 .0 0 -2 5 4 .0 0
1 4 4 .0 0 -1 7 1 .0 0

-

-

~

-

-

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 6 5 .5 0
1 7 3 .5 0
1 6 0 .0 0

1 6 2 .5 0
1 6 4 .0 0
1 6 1 .0 0

1 4 6 .0 0 -1 8 6 .5 0
1 6 0 .0 0 -1 7 5 .0 0
1 2 5 .5 0 -1 8 7 .5 0

2
2

-

2

30
18

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 7 1 .0 0
1 7 8 .5 0

1 7 4 .5 0
1 7 6 .5 0

1 5 6 .0 0 -1 8 8 .0 0
1 6 2 .0 0 -1 7 7 .0 0

-

1

4

-

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL ----------------

18

4 0 .0

1 6 2 .5 0

1 6 7 .5 0

1 1 9 .0 0 -1 9 8 .0 0

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS --------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------

27
27

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 1 3 .0 0
1 1 3 .0 0

9 7 .5 0
9 7 .5 0

9 2 .0 0 -1 2 6 .0 0
9 2 .0 0 -1 2 6 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

46
24
22

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 8 .5 0
1 4 0 .5 0
1 1 5 .0 0

1 1 8 .5 0
1 3 9 .0 0
1 1 2 .0 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

244
51
193

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 9 .5 0
1 7 8 .0 0
1 2 9 .5 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS* CLASS A --------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUF ACTURING-------------------------

60
30
30

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS* CLASS B --------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------

184
21
163

PAYROLL CLERKS ---------------------------------

6
-

6

2
2

3
3

15
-

16

6

-

3

15

16

4

2

3
3

3
3

3
1
2

3
3

4
4

-

9
5
4

-

-

1
1

~

1
1

2
2

5
3

7
7

1

4

1

-

1

-

4

14
14

2
2

1
1

5
5

1
1

1
1

-

1 0 8 .0 0 - 1 4 7 . 0 0
1 1 6 .5 0 - 1 4 9 . 5 0
1 0 8 .0 0 - 1 1 8 . 5 0

2
2

13
5
8

12
3
9

4
3
1

1
1

8
8
~

-

1 2 5 .5 0
1 8 1 .0 0
1 1 8 .5 0

1 1 4 .0 0 - 1 6 0 . 0 0
1 4 6 .5 0 - 2 1 1 . 0 0
1 1 2 .0 0 -1 3 8 .0 0

4
4

38
1
37

58
2
56

25
2
23

34
5
29

11
6
5

10
2
8

183.-00
2 0 3 .0 0
1 6 2 .5 0

1 8 0 .5 0
1 9 5 .5 0
1 6 0 .0 0

1 6 0 .0 0 -2 1 1 .5 0
1 8 2 .0 0 -2 1 6 .0 0
1 4 2 .5 0 -1 7 6 .0 0

-

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 5 .5 0
1 4 2 .0 0
1 2 3 .0 0

1 1 6 .0 0
1 4 0 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0

1 1 0 .0 0 -1 3 5 .0 0
1 3 1 .0 0 - 1 4 8 . 0 0
1 0 9 .5 0 -1 3 2 .0 0

19

4 0 .0

1 6 6 .5 0

1 5 0 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS -------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUF A C TU RI N6 -------------------------

90
16
74

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 2 .0 0
1 8 9 .5 0
1 3 2 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS* CLASS A -------

17

4 0 .0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS* CLASS B ------NONMANUF A C TU R I N 6 ------------------------

73
65

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

O

4
2
2

o

3

-

-

1
1

5

-

2

-

-

~

1
1

2

-

-

1

3

1

-

-

1
1

1
1
2
2

_

1
1

~

-

-

-

16
4
12

7
2
5

16
10
6

4
3
1

2

6
4
2

-

2

9
7
2
9
7
2

4
4

-

“

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

2
1
1

1
1

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

2
1
1

1
1

~

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

2

5

2

3

-

2

6

2

3

13
3
10

1
1
”

14
10
4

3
2
1

4
4

38
1
37

58
2
56

23
2
21

29
5
24

9
6
3

7
2
5

3
1
2

6
1
5

2

1
1

2
2

“

2

-

1 4 5 .0 0 - 1 5 4 . 5 0

-

-

1

-

2

4

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

1

1

-

1 3 6 .0 0
1 8 5 .0 0
1 2 9 .0 0

1 1 8 .5 0 -1 5 3 .0 0
1 6 2 .5 0 -2 2 0 .0 0
1 1 8 .5 0 - 1 4 1 . 5 0

4

-

23
-

11

16
-

3
1

1
1

-

-

23

11

16

-

2

3
3

*

2

3
3

-

1
1

1
~
1

2

-

7
4
3

1
1

4

13
2
11

1 7 0 .5 0

1 6 1 .6 0

1 4 0 .5 0 - 2 1 9 . 5 0

-

-

-

3

1

4

-

2

2

-

-

-

1

3

-

1

-

-

1 3 5 .5 0
1 3 1 .0 0

1 3 2 .0 0
1 2 5 .5 0

1 1 8 . 5 0 - 1 4 2 .0 0
1 1 8 .5 0 -1 3 8 .0 0

4
4

-

23
23

8
8

15
15

9
7

3

5
3

1
1

1

2
2

2

-

-

-

-

-

3

“

-

-

See footnotes at end of tables.

1
1

1
1

2

“

2

2

-

2

-

-

*
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Corpus Christi, Tex., July 1977
Weekly earnings
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Num ber of w orkers receiving straight-tim e weekly earnings of—

t

s
100

t

s

t

$

t

$

t

$

t

i

s

$

*

*

8

$

*

S

$

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

Middle range 2

under
110

ALL U0RKERS
$

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS BUSINESS) --NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$

2 5 0 .0 0
2 3 7 .5 0

2 5 9 .0 0
2 4 7 .5 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS)•
CLASS A -------------------------

$

$

2 1 8 .5 0 2 9 7 .0 0
1 9 5 . 5 0 - 2 6 3 .5 0

2 5 9 .0 0 -3 3 3 .0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS)•
CLASS B -------------------------

2 3 0 .0 0 -2 6 5 .5 0
40.
40.

172.
156.

1 4 9 .5 0
1 4 9 .0 0

127 .0 0 - 2 1 1 .5 0
115 , 0 0 - 1 7 9 .5 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS^ CLASS B ----NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

40.
40.

183.
164.

1 7 9 .5 0
1 5 2 .0 0

149 .0 0 - 2 0 5 .5 0
149 .0 0 - 1 7 9 .5 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS^ CLASS C ----NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

40.
40.

117.

1 1 5 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0

109. 5 0 - 1 3 1 .0 0
10 6 . 5 0 - 1 1 8 . 0 0

DRAFTERS --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------

40.
40.

242.
249.

2 4 0 .0 0
2 5 9 .5 0

2 1 4 . 5 0 - 2 7 0 .0 0
2 2 0 . 0 0 - 2 7 0 .0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS ---------------N0NHANUFACTURIN6 ---------------

121 .

13

2 6 5 .5 0 -2 9 4 .0 0

DRAFTERS. CLASS A --------------DRAFTERS. CLASS B --------------MANUFACTURING -------------------

22

40.
40.

231.
24 4 .

2 2 4 .5 0
2 4 0 .0 0

2 0 4 . 0 0 - 2 6 0 .0 0
2 2 0 . 0 0 - 2 6 0 .0 0

S e e f o o t n o t e s a t e n d o f t a b le s .

4

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in Corpus Christi, Tex., July 1977
Average
(mean^)
S e x , 3 o c c u p a t io n ,

a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of

workers

Week^r
hours1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - NEN
$
ACCOUNTING CLERKS

16

4 0 .0

S e x , 3 o c c u p a t io n ,

a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Weekly
Weekly
earnings1
hours1
(standard) (standard)

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 0 7 .5 0
1 7 4 .5 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS ----------------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

o
o

46
24
22

1 1 3 .0 0
1 1 3 .0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS) --NONHANUFACTURING ---------------

1 2 8 .5 0
1 4 0 .5 0
1 1 5 .0 0

| COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS)*
CLASS B -------------------------

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 7 1 .5 0
1 2 8 .5 0

i ACCOUNTING CLERKS* CLASS A -----MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

50
23
27

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 7 7 .5 0
1 9 6 .5 0
1 6 1 .5 0

178
19
159

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 5 .0 0
1 4 1 .5 0
1 2 3 .0 0

SECRETARIES* CLASS B
NONMANUFACTURING --

23
18

4 0 .0

2 0 8 .0 0

4 0 .0

2 1 7 .0 0

SECRETARIES* CLASS C
MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUFACTURING --

71
18
53

4 0 .0

1 9 5 .0 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 3 1 .0 0
1 8 3 .0 0

SECRETARIES* CLASS 0
MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUFACTURING --

80
24

4 0 .0

1 7 6 .0 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS* CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 2 1 .0 0
1 5 6 .5 0

PAYROLL CLERKS ---------------------------------------

19

4 0 .0

42
17
25

4 0 .0

1 6 5 .5 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 7 3 .5 0
1 6 0 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

89
15
74

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 2 .0 0
1 9 2 .5 0
1 3 2 .0 0

1 7 1 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS* CLASS A ---------

17

4 0 .0

1 7 0 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS. CLASS B --------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

72
65

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 5 .5 0
1 3 1 .0 0

$
2 5 9 .5 0
2 4 8 .0 0

15

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 7 1 .0 0
1 6 3 .0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS* CLASS B --------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

19
17

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 7 8 .0 0
1 6 8 .0 0

DRAFTERS --------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

73
45

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 4 3 .5 0
2 5 0 .5 0

2 4 7 .0 0

1 6 6 .5 0

SECRETARIES* CLASS E
MANUFACTURING ----NONHANUFACTURING --

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

40
37

COMPUTER OPERATORS ---------------4 0 . 0 1 3 6 .5 0
NONHANUFACTURING ---------------

228
42
186

33
27

O

65

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 8 4 .0 0

167

Weekly
Weekly
earnings1
hours1
(standard) (standard)

o
at

4 0 .0

27
27

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------232

a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

$
SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS ------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------------

SECRETARIES -----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

S ex, 3 o c c u p a t io n ,

Number
of
workers

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - NEN

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

1 8 2 .5 0

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

Average
(mean2)

Average
(mean2)
Number
of
workers

STENOGRAPHERS -MANUFACTURING
STENOGRAPHERS* GENERAL

56

30

18
18

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 7 8 .5 0
1 6 2 .5 0

DRAFTERS* CLASS A -----------------------------

25

4 0 .0

2 8 1 .5 0

DRAFTERS* CLASS B ----------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

41
25

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 3 1 .0 0
2 4 4 .0 0

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS. CLASS Al
NONMANUF ACTUR I N6 :
PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------------------

21

4 0 .0

3 2 7 .0 0

4 0 .0

1 7 3 .5 0

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN
COMPUTER OPERATORS -------------------------------

“
See footnotes at end o f ta b les.

5

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in Corpus Christi, Tex., July 1977
Hourly earnings 4

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—

$
3 .2 0
Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

S
3 .4 0

S
3 .6 0

S
3 .8 0

$
4 .0 0

$
4 .2 0

S
4 .4 0

$
4 .6 0

S
4 .8 0

$
5 .0 0

%
5 .2 0

$
5 .4 0

$
$
5 .6 0 5 . 8 0

S
6 .0 0

$
6 .2 0

$
6 .4 0

$
6 .6 0

•
7 .0 0

$
$
7 . 40 7 . 8 0

$
8 .2 0

*
8 .6 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 ,4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0 6 . 0 0

6 .2 0

6 .4 0

6 .6 0

r*

O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

7 .4 0

7 . 80 8 . 2 0

8 .6 0

9 .0 0

a nd
under
o
o

3 .4 0

ALL WORKERS
35
33

$
7 .7 0
7 .8 9

$
7 .8 8
7 .8 8

$
7 .1 1 7 .1 1 -

$
8 .3 7
8 .3 7

MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIANS ---------MANUFACTURING ------------------nonmanufacturing:
PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------

114
93

7 .9 2
7 .9 6

8 .3 7
8 .3 7

7 .3 3 7 .8 4 -

8 .7 3
8 .7 3

20

7 .8 7

7 .3 3

7 .3 3 -

8 .9 7

MAINTENANCE PAINTERS -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------

42
42

7 .4 9
7 .4 9

7 .8 4
7 .8 4

7 .1 7 7 .1 7 -

8 .5 7
8 .5 7

MAINTENANCE MACHINISTS -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------

81
80

8 .2 4
8 .2 5

8 .7 3
8 .7 3

7 .8 8 7 .8 8 -

8 .7 7
8 .7 7

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY) MANUFACTURING ------------------

223
194

7 .6 9
7 .7 3

8 .4 5
8 .4 5

7 .1 1 7 .1 1 -

8 .5 7
8 .5 7

_

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR VEHICLES) ----------------MANUFACTURING -------------------

73
45

5 .3 9
5 .3 2

4 .6 3
4 .6 3

4 .0 0 3 .4 0 -

6 .8 2
7 .8 4

10
8

MAINTENANCE PIPEFITTERS ----------MANUFACTURING -------------------

84
84

8 .2 8
8 .2 8

8 .4 5
8 .4 5

7 .8 8 7 .8 8 -

8 .4 5
8 .4 5

STATIONARY ENGINEERS --------------

22

7 .7 5

7 .8 8

7 .5 0 -

8 .4 5

MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------

See

fo o tn o te s

at end

2

11
11
-

4

-

-

4

-

-

7
7

13
13

2
2

-

-

_

-

-

-

20
20

21
19

38
32

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

_

3

~

~

6
4

1
1

1
1

4
4

-

-

~

-

-

2
2

-

3
3

1
1

2

“

o f t a b le s .

6

-

10

-

-

2

6

-

14
14

4
4

8
8

5
4

-

20
20

11
11

41
41

-

13
13

91
91

50
36

2

6
6

7
5

16
6

-

1
1

_
-

-

4
4

4
4

-

“

_

20
20

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

3
3

-

“

4
4

“

19
9

10
10

3
3

2

7
6

“

1
1

24
14

_

_

12
-

2
2

-

4
4

-

-

-

2

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

_
-

-

1

1

i i
i i

_
-

19
19

51
51

10
10

8

4

4

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Corpus Christi, Tex., July 1977
Hourly earnings *

Occupation and industry d ivis ion

N u m ber o f w o rk e rs re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earn in gs o f—
S

Number
of

2.20
Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

$
S
S
2 .4 0 2 .6 0 2 .8 0

1 ------ 1 ----S
7 .4 0 7 .8 0 8 . 2 0

S
S
S
%
3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0

S
S
$
$
8
S
S
$
S
*
3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5 . 0 0 5 .4 0 5 .8 0 6 . 2 0

•
*
6 .6 0 7 . 0 0

3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 .8 0

4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5 .0 0 5 . 40 5 .8 0

7 .0 0 7.4 0 7 .8 0 8 . 2 0

and
under
>0

C
M

o

2 .4 0

2 .8 0 3 .0 0

6 .2 0

6 .6 0

8 .6 0

12
2
10

19
19

10
10

-

-

-

-

9
-

-

-

-

60
60

19

-

-

-

69

ALL WORKERS
TRUCKORIVERS ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONM AN UF AC T U R I N G -----------------------------

379
139
240

$
5 .5 1
3 .8 0
6 .5 1

$
5 .2 5
3 .5 0
8 .2 5

$
3 .3 9 3 .2 6 4 .1 5 -

$
8 .2 5
3 .7 3
8 .2 5

TRUCKORIVERS. MEDIUM TRUCK ----------NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------------

157
116

5 .5 8
6 .0 1

4 .4 0
8 .2 5

3 .2 7 3 .3 0 -

8 .2 5
8 .2 5

TRUCKDRIVERS. TRAC TO R-T RAI LER ----MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

159
35

6 .2 4
3 .6 5

6 .6 0
3 .2 6

4 .0 0 3 .1 5 -

8 .2 5
4 .0 0

WAREHOUSEMEN -------------------------------------------

36

4 .7 3

4 .1 5

4 .0 0 -

5 .4 0

-

-

2

6

6

22

-

32
19

13

6
2

6
6

-

-

-

_

7
-

_

-

-

7
-

12
12

7
7

4
4

-

-

1

-

-

6

-

7

2

10

2

5
5

8

-

6 .4 4
6 .5 2

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

57

-

3

-

2 .3 5 4 .9 5 -

3 .0 0
6 .6 5

131

57

14
-

19

9
9

6 .4 6
6 .4 6

6 .1 8 6 .1 8 -

2 .3 5

1
in
t-n
CJ
S

2 .6 0

4
4
-

10
8
2

1
1

6
6

-

6
2

1
1

-

-

4
4

-

-

4
4

_

-

-

-

1

-

11

-

3

1

-

2

4

14
14

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

-

14

9
3

2

5
4

11

-

2

1

11

5
5

_

2
2

1
1

2
2

2
2

2

“

4
4

9

3

10

5

-

-

1

4

-

-

1

_
-

_
-

6
6

-

_
-

-

-

-

5

28
28

10
10

1
1

-

-

6 .6 5
6 .6 5

4 .2 6
4 .3 5
3 .1 9

FO R K LI F T OPERATORS ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

108
47

4 .5 1
5 .9 6

3 .1 0
6 .4 4

3 .1 0 6 .3 1 -

-------------------------- *--------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

298
53

3 .0 6
5 .4 9

2 .4 5
6 .3 6

GUARDS. CLASS A --------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

38
38

6 .3 0
6 .3 0

260

2 .5 9
2 .6 0
4 .7 4
2 .4 0

20

9

2 .6 0 2 .7 8 2 .6 0 -

402
34
368

46
44

16
7

3 .3 5
3 .8 0
2 .6 0

J AN IT OR S. PORTERS. ANO CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------------

29
16
13

11
9
2

3 .5 4
3 .8 1
2 .8 1

CLASS B ---------------------------------

-

-

47
28
19

3

83
61
22

GUARDS.

8
1

7

3
3
-

2

-

MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS --------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUF A C T U R I N G -----------------------------

6UARDS

9
-

2 .3 0
5 .9 2
2 .3 0

2 .3 0 3 .1 1 2 .3 0 -

2 .4 0
6 .6 1
2 .3 5

3

-

1
1

6
6

-

-

3
1

1
1

-

-

-

22

-

-

-

4
-

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

129
129

-

-

-

-

131

57

299

51

2

2

297

49

14

-

19

9

22

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

6

7

8

7

3
3

1

2

6

5

1

-

1

See footn otes at end o f tables.

7

-

-

-

-

4
4

1
1

2
2

7
7

2
2

2
2

13
13

14
14

1
1

_

-

-

-

-

~

-

2

6
6

2
2

2
2

13
13

14
14

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

2
2

10
10

-

-

-

-

~

-

1

2

1

4

-

1

4

1

Table A-6. Averaqe hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom,
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers,
by sex, in Corpus Christi, Tex., July 1977
Sex, 3 occupation, and in du stry d ivis ion

Average
Number (mean*)
o
f
Sex,
hul
ory
wies erig4
oki
anns

occupation, and in du stry d iv is io n

Average
Number (mean2)
o
f
hul
ory
wres erig4
okr anns

MATERIAL MOVEMENT ANO CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - HEN

MAINTENANCE* TOOLROOM* AND
POWERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - HEN
MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

35
33

$
7 .7 0
7 .8 9

MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIANS ----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g :
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------

114
93

7 .9 2
7 .9 6

20

7 .8 7

MAINTENANCE PAINTERS -----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

42
42

7 .4 9
7 .4 9

MAINTENANCE MACHINISTS --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

81
80

8 .2 4
8 .2 5

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY) MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

223
194

7 .6 9
7 .7 3

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR VEHICLES) -----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

73
45

5 .3 9
5 .3 2

MAINTENANCE PIPEFITTER S ------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

84
84

8 .2 8
8 .2 8

STATIONARY ENGINEERS ------------------------

22

7 .7 5

TRUCKDRIVERS --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURIN6 --------------------------

379
139
240

$
5 .5 1
3 .8 0
6 .5 1

TRUCKDRIVERS* MEDIUM TRUCK ---------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

157
116

6 .0 1

TRUCKDRIVERS* TRACTOR-TRAILER ----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

159
35

6 .2 4
3 .6 5

WAREHOUSEMEN---------------------------------------

36

4 .7 3

MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

83
61
22

3 .5 4
3 .8 1
2 .8 1

FORKLIFT OPERATORS ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

108
47

4 .5 1
5 .9 6

GUARDS ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

277
53

3 .1 0
5 .4 9

GUARDS. CLASS A -----------------------------. MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

38
38

6 .3 0
6 .3 0

GUARDS. CLASS B ------------------------------

239

2 .5 9

JANITORS* PORTERS. AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

269
32
237

2 .7 2
4 .9 0
2 .4 3

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

See footnotes at end o f tables.

8

----------------------------

5 .5 8

Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings, adjusted for
employment shifts, for selected occupational groups
in Corpus Christi, Tex., for selected periods
July 1974
to
Ju ly 1975

Ju ly 1975
to
Ju ly 1976

(‘ )
( 6)
( 6)
13.8
9.2

5.8
(6)
(‘ )
9.3
8 .0

( 6)
(‘ )
10.5
4.7

(6)
(‘ )
( 6)
14.2
11.4

( 6)
( 6)
( 6)
9.2
7.0

( 6)
( 6)
( 6)
10.4
8.5

(‘ )
( 6)
( 6)
7.3

Industry and occupational group 5

(6)
( 6)
(‘ )

( 6)
(‘ )
( 6)

( 6)

2.1

July 1976
to
July 1977

A ll in du stries:
6.6

M anufacturing:

Nonm anufacturing:

See footnotes at end o f tables.

9

B. E stablishm ent practices and su pplem entary w a g e provisions
Table B-1. Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks in Corpus Christi, Tex., July 1977
In experien ced typists
Manufacturing
M inim u m w eek ly s tra ig h t-tim e s a la r y 7

Other in exp erien ced c le r ic a l w o rk ers
Nonm anufacturing

B ased on standard w eek ly hours 9 o f-

A ll
indu stries
AU
schedules

M anufacturing

A ll
schedules

Nonm anufacturing

B ased on standard w eek ly hours 9 of—

A ll
in du stries
A ll
schedules

A il
schedules

ESTABLISHMENTS STUDIED

ESTABLISHMENTS HAVING A SPECIFIED
MINIMUM --------------------------------------------

19

* 10 0 .0 0
* 1 0 5 .0 0
* 110.00
$ 11 5.00
* 1 2 0 .0 0
*1 2 5 .0 0
*1 3 0 .0 0
*1 3 5 .0 0
*1 4 0 .0 0
*1 4 5 .0 0
*1 5 0 .0 0
*1 5 5 .0 0
*1 6 0 .0 0
$ 16 5.00

AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND

UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNOER
UNDER
UNDER
UNOER
UNDER
UNDER
OVER -

10

10

3

* 9 0 .0 0 AND UNDER *9 2 .5 0 ------------* 9 2 .5 0 AND UNDER * 9 5 .0 0 ------------* 9 5 .0 0 AND UNDER * 9 7 .5 0 ------------* 9 7 .5 0 AND UNDER * 1 0 0 .0 0 -----------

2

2

1

ESTABLISHMENTS HAVING NO SPECIFIED
MINIMUM --------------------------------------------ESTABLISHMENTS WHICH DID NOT EMPLOY
WORKERS IN THIS CATEGORY -----------------

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.

10

1

3

*1 0 5 .0 0
* 11 0.00
* 1 1 5 .0 0
* 12 0 .0 0
*1 2 5 .0 0
* 1 3 0 .0 0
* 1 3 5 .0 0
* 1 4 0 .0 0
$ 1 4 5 .0 0
*1 5 0 .0 0
* 1 5 5 .0 0
*1 6 0 .0 0
*1 6 5 .0 0

3

Table B-2. Late-shift pay provisions for full-time manufacturing
plant workers in Corpus Christi, Tex., July 1977
W o rk e rs on la te shifts

A l l w o rk e rs 10
Item
Second shift

T h ird sh ift

Second shift

T h ird shift

IN ESTABLISHMENTS WITH LATE SHIFT PROVISIONS -----

7 9 .3

6 5 .6

16 .5

1 1 .5

WITH NO PAY DIFFERENTIAL FOR LATE SHIFT WORK ----UITH PAY DIFFERENTIAL FOR LATE SHIFT WORK ------------UNIFORM CENTS-PER-HOUR DIFFERENTIAL -----------UNIFORM PERCENTAGE DIFFERENTIAL ---------------OTHER DIFFERENTIAL ------------------------------

6 .3
7 3 .1
6 2 .6

3 .9
6 1 .6
5 1 .1

1.5
15 .0
13.5

10 .2

*1 0 .5

*1 0 .5

1.5

1 .5

30 .8

6 2 .1

30 .8

6 6 .7

PERCENT OF UORKERS

1 .3
8 .7

AVERAGE PAY DIFFERENTIAL
UNIFORM CENTS-PER-HOUR DIFFERENTIAL -------------PERCENT OF UORKERS BY TYPE AND
AMOUNT OF PAY DIFFERENTIAL*
UNIFORM CENTS—1
12 CENTS 15 CENTS 18 CENTS 20 CENTS 25 CENTS 28 CENTS 30 CENTS 40 CENTS 45 CENTS 50 CENTS 75 CENTS 99 CENTS 100 CENTSr

2 .6
11.8
8 .0
11 .0

-

.3
3 .9
2 .6
1.0
8 .0

3 .6
6 .8

2 0 .7
8 .5
-

3 .8
~
2 .3
1 4 .5
8 .5

1.1

1.7
~

.3
1.0

5 .1
1.5
-

.3
.8

1 .3
.7
3 .1
1.2

* W o rk e rs on both shifts r e c e iv e 30 cents p e r hour d iffe re n tia l plus an additional 3 p ercen t fo r second sh ift and 5 p ercen t
fo r th ird sh ift w ork.
See fo otn ote at end o f tables.

11

Table B-3. Scheduled weekly hours and days of full-time first-shift workers in Corpus Christi, Tex., July 1977
Plant workers
Item

All industries

Office workers

Manufacturing

Nonmanuf actur ing

Public utilities

100

100

100

All industries

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

Public utilities

100

100

100

2
(12)
94

100

PERCENT OF UORKERS BY SCHEDULED
WEEKLY HOURS ANO OAYS
ALL FULL-TINE UORKERS ----------35
37
40
42
42
44
45
46
48
50
55

HOURS— 5 D A Y S -------------------- 1/2 HOURS—5 D A Y S ---------------HOURS—5 OAYS --------------------HOURS— 5 DAYS --------------------1/2 HOURS— 5 DAYS ---------------HOURS ---------------------------5 OAYS --------------------------5 1/2 DAYS ----------------------HOURS— 5 DAYS --------------------HOURS—6 DAYS --------------------HOURS— 6 OAYS --------------------HOURS—5 1/2 DAYS ---------------HOURS—5 DAYS ---------------------

100
4
~
80
1
1
2
2
7

_
94
2
3

(12)
3
1
(12)

-

40.7

40.3

_

7
69
~
1
4
4

93
7

100
1
(12)
95

_
-

100

_

10
1

-

-

-

1
-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

1
2

-

2
2

-

-

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

40.2

2

1

_

-

6

40.1

40.0

AVERA6E SCHEDULED
WEEKLY HOURS
ALL WEEKLY WORK SCHEDULES ----------

41.0

See footnote at end o f ta b les.

12

40. 1

40.0

Table B-4. Annual paid holidays for full-time workers in Corpus Christi, Tex., July 1977
Plant workers

Office workers

Item
Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

Public utilities

All industries

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

Public utilities

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

11

1

19

-

(12)
99

100

99

100

8.1

7.5

8.5

All industries

PERCENT OF WORKERS
ALL FU LL-TIRE WORKERS -------------IN ESTABLISHMENTS NOT PROVIDING
PAID HOLIDAYS -----------------------------IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVIDING
PAID HOLIDAYS ------------------------------

89

99

81

ioe

7.3

8.1

6.5

8.7

7.6

2
5
33

7
7

~

~

2
1
(12)
6
22
(12)
11
4
(12)
9
27
16
1

_

-

(12)

AVERAGE NUHBER OF PAID HOLIOAYS

FOR WORKERS IN ESTABLISHHENTS
PROVIDING HOLIOAYS -----------PERCENT OF WORKERS BY NUHBER
OF PAID HOLIOAYS PROVIOEO
1
2
3
A
5
6

HOLIDAY ---------------------HOLIDAYS --------------------HOLIDAYS --------------------HOLIDAYS --------------------HOLIDAYS --------------------HOLIDAYS --------------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY ------------7 HOLIDAYS --------------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY ------------PLUS 2 HALF DAYS -----------8 HOLIDAYS --------------------9 HOLIDAYS --------------------10 HOLIDAYS -------------------11 HOLIDAYS --------------------

2
3
2
1
7
21
~

12
(12)
1
4
11
24
(12)

2
5
-

11
4
12
~

3
20
42

3
4

11
(12)
2
6
3
11
1

~

28
7
51

2
5
-

15
4
-

10
-

2
16
45

2

-

-

-

(12)
4
28
(12)
12
5
(12)
11
30
8
1

DAY OR HORE -----------------DAYS OR HORE ----------------DAYS OR HORE ----------------DAYS OR HORE ----------------DAYS OR HORE ----------------DAYS OR HORE ----------------7 DAYS OR HORE ----------------7 1/2 DAYS OR HORE ------------8 DAYS OR H O R E ------ ----------9 DAYS OR HORE ----------------10 DAYS OR HORE ---------------11 OAYS ------------------------

2
7
_
_
-

53
4
33
'

PERCENT OF WORKERS BY TOTAL
PAID HOLIDAY TINE PROVIDED1 1
3
1
2
3
4
5
6

_

89
87
84
82
81
74
53
41
41
35
24
(12)

99
99
97
92
92
82
78
65
65
63
42

100
100

81
78
74
74
72
68
34
23
23
15
11
1

lo t

100
100
93
86
86
86
58
51

See footnotes at end of tables.

13

99
99
98
96
96
90
68
56
52
43
16
1

100
100
98
93
93
78
75
64
64
62
45

99
99
97
97
97
94
66
54
49
38
9
1

100
100
100
100
100
98
90
90
90
37
33

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Corpus Christi, Tex., July 1977
P la n t w o rk e rs
Item

A ll industries

M anufacturing

O ffic e w o rk e rs

Nonm anufacturing

P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll industries

M anufacturing

Nonm anufacturing

100

to o

100

10 0

(12)

P u b lic u tilitie s

PERCENT OF WORKERS
ALL FU LL-TIKE

WORKERS ---

IN ESTABLISHMENTS NOT PR0VIDIN6
PAID VACATIONS -------------------------IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVIDING
PAID VACATIONS -------------------------LENGTH-OF-TIME PAYMENT ---------PERCENTAGE PAYMENT -----------------

100

100

100

4

-

7

-

96
93
3

100

93
93

100
100

99
99

25

92
8

_

(12)

100

_

100
100

99
99

100
100

42

2
20
10

39
~

AMOUNT OF PAID VACATION AFTER : 14

6 MONTHS OF SERVICE:

UNDER I WEEK -------------------1 WEEK ----------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS

2
21

4

1

19
7

22

3

“

51
~

1 YEAR OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK -----------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS -----------------------------

49
3
42

56
44

45
5
40

9
7
84

8
66

2 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK -----------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS -----------------------------

13
72

12
20
68

14
3
75

9
7
84

( 12)
91

8
2

5
3
85

3 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK -----------------------------OVER I AND UNDER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS ----------------------------3 WEEKS ----------------------------4 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK ------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS ----------------------------3 WEEKS ----------------------------5 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK ------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNOER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS ----------------------------3 WEEKS ----------------------------4 WEEKS ----------------------------10 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK -----------------------------OVER 1 AND UNOER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS ----------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS ----------------------------4 WEEKS -----------------------------

10

6

_

8

24

8

26
74
8
2

89
5

8
2

90

_

5
3
85

8
2

67
24

54
36

_

_•

2

7
93

76
15

3

1
1

3

24

18

7
84
9

1

1

2

41
36

10

3
(12)
94

5
83
10

5
2

20
2

79

32
(12)
56

2

8

11

14

2

1

29
60

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.

2

(12)
76

7
7

1

52
17

83

2

6

3
87

90

7
93

3
(12)
94
2

3
87

35
48

23

16

10

64

84

8

16

91

84

3
97
~
3
97
~

_
87
13

_
100

~

_
100

~

_
97
3

10

-

-

-

24

34
65

10

89

1

2

2

24
50

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Corpus Christi, Tex., July 1977— Continued
Plant workers

O ffice workers

Item
A ll industries

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

Public utilities

YEARS OF SER V IC E :
1 WEEK --------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNOER 2 WEEKS ---2 WEEKS ------------------------------------3 WEEKS ------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS —
4 WEEKS -------------------------------------

i
i
23
53
1
17

3
16
43
2
36

1
29
60
~
2

7
7
79
~
8

15 YEARS OF SER VI C E:
1 WEEK --------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS ---2 WEEKS ------------------------------------3 WEEKS ------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNOER 4 WEEKS ---4 WEEKS -------------------------------------

1
1
19
40
1
34

3
11
45
2
39

_
1
25
37
29

_
7
7
25
61

20 YEARS OF SERV IC E:
1 WEEK --------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNOER 2 WEEKS ---2 WEEKS ------------------------------------3 WEEKS ------------------------------------4 WEEKS ------------------------------------OVER 4 AND UNOER 5 WEEKS ---5 WEEKS -------------------------------------

1
1
18
22
35
1
18

3
9
11
36
2
39

_
1
25
30
34
3

_
7
7

YEARS OF SERV IC E:
1 WEEK --------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS —
2 WEEKS ------------------------------------3 WEEKS ------------------------------------4 WEEKS ------------------------------------5 WEEKS ------------------------------------OVER 5 AND UNOER 6 WEEKS ---WEEKS -------------------------------------

1
1
18
18
22
34
1
2

3

30 YEARS OF SER VI C E:
1 WEEK --------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNOER 2 WEEKS ---2 WEEKS ------------------------------------3 WEEKS ------------------------------------4 WEEKS ------------------------------------5 WEEKS ------------------------------------WEEKS ------------------------------------OVER 6 AND UNOER 7 WEEKS ----

1
1
18
18
22
34
2
1

MAXIMUM VACATION A V A IL A B L E !
1 WEEK --------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS —
2 WEEKS ------------------------------------3 WEEKS ------------------------------------4 WEEKS —---------------------------------5 WEEKS ------------------------------------WEEKS ------------------------------------7 WEEKS -------------------------------------

1
1
18
18
22
33
3
1

AMOUNT OF P A ID
CONTINUED
12

25

A ll industries

M anuf actur ing

Nonmanufacturing

-

21
23
2
53

_
34
65

Public utilities

VACATION A F T E R 14-

6

6

6

9
7
16
59
2
4

77
10

7
7

1
25
25
26
15

26
60
~

3
9
7
16
59

“

3

_

-

26
60

-

2

1
25
25
26
15

9
16
57
6
2

_
28
46
(12 )
25

1

_
14
31
2
53

-

_

_
10
89
_
2

_

_

-

-

32
51

10
40

-

-

17

50

_

_

28
36
22
(12 )
14

_
~
12
14
19
2
53

-

-

-

-

28
28
19
24
(1 2 )

12
11
8
66
2

32
33
22
13

10

-

-

-

32
42
23

10
77

-

-

3

14

-

41
49

7
7

1
25
25
26
15

4

7

31
56
(12 )
12

-

-

-

-

28
28
19
24

12
11
8
66

32
33
22
13

10
41
49

-

-

-

2

“

_

(12 )
_

_

_

7
7

-

-

26
60

~

S e e f o o t n o t e s a t e n d o f t a b le s .

15

28
28
19
22
2
(1 2 )

12
11

-

—

-

41
49

-

2

32
33
22
13

-

10
-

Table Bt6. Health, insurance, and pension plans for full-time workers in Corpus Christi, Tex., July 1977
Plant w orkers
Item

A ll industries

O ffice workers

Manufacturing

100

Public utilities

Nonmanufacturing

100

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

Public utilities

PERCENT OF WORKERS
ALL F U L L- TI M E

WORKERS ---------------------

100

100

100

100

100

100

IN ESTABLISHMENTS P R 0 V I 0 I N 6 AT
LEAST ONE OF THE BE NEFITS
SHOWN BELOW15------------------------------------------

97

100

94

10R

99

100

99

100

L I F E INSURANCE ---------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS -----------------------

95
62

100
70

91
56

100
96

98
58

100
70

98
55

100
87

ACCIDENTAL DEATH AND
DISMEMBERMENT INSURANCE --------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS -----------------------

66
43

71
49

62
38

86
82

77
44

88
55

75
41

96
83

SICKNESS AND ACCIDENT INSURANCE
OR S IC K LEAVE OR BOTH 15-----------------------

71

86-

60

100

84

85

84

99

33
24

44
44

25
10

14
14

37
11

8
8

45
12

11
11

31

26

34

50

56

71

52

63

21

20

22

43

17

11

19

32

INSURANCE ------------------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS -----------------------

38
17

62
34

19
5

34
9

39
23

66
31

32
20

43
3

H O S P I T A L I Z A T I O N INSURANCE ------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS -----------------------

94
52

100
66

90
42

100
72

99
49

100
61

98
46

100
47

SUR 6IC AL INSURANCE --------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS -----------------------

94
52

100
66

90
42

100
72

99
49

100
61

98
46

100
47

MEDICAL INSURANCE ----------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS -----------------------

93
49

100
57

88
42

100
72

97
48

100
53

96
46

100
47

MAJOR MEDICAL INSURANCE ----------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS -----------------------

92
48

98
55

88
43

100
73

97
46

93
45

98
47

100
48

DENTAL INSURANCE ------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS -----------------------

25
19

35
24

17
14

66
66

26
15

37
25

23
12

57
57

RETIREMENT PENSION --------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS -----------------------

67
51

83
67

55
39

83
58

71
55

80
59

69
54

77
37

SICKNESS AND ACCIDENT
INSURANCE -------------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ------------------SIC K LEAVE (F U L L PAY AND NO
WAI TI NG P ER IO D ) --------------------------------SICK LEAVE ( P A R T I A L PAY OR
WAITIN G P E R I O D ) --------------------------------LONG-TERM D I S A B I L I T Y

S e e f o o t n o t e s a t e n d o f t a b le s .

16

Table B-7. Life insurance plans for full-time workers in Corpus Christi, Tex., July 1977
Plant w o rk ers

O ffic e w o rk ers

A l l industries

Manufacturing

Manufacturing

A l l in du stries

Ite m
A ll
plans 1
7

N on con tribu tory
plans 1
7

A ll
plans 1
7

N on con tribu tory
plans 1
7

A ll
plans 1
7

None ontributo r y
plans 1
7

A ll
plans 1
7

N on con tribu tory
plans 1
7

TYPE OF PLAN AND AMOUNT
OF INSURANCE

ALL FU L L- TI M E WORKERS ARE PROVIDED THE SAME
FLAT-SUM DOLLAR AMOUNT:
PERCENT OF ALL F U L L -T I M E WORKERS18----------------------AMOUNT OF INSURANCE PR O V I D E D :19
M E A N -------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN ---------------------------------------------------------MIDDLE RANGE ( 5 0 PERCENT) --------------------MIDDLE RAN6E ( 8 0 PERCENT) ---------------------

AMOUNT OF INSURANCE I S BASED ON A SCHEDULE
WHICH IN DI CA T ES A S P E C IF IE D DOLLAR AMOUNT OF
INSURANCE FOR A S P EC IF IE D LENGTH OF SERVICE:
PERCENT OF ALL F U LL -T IM E WORKERS18----------------------AMOUNT OF INSURANCE P ROVIDED19 AFTER:
MONTHS OF SERV IC E:
M E A N -------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN ---------------------------------------------------------MIDDLE RANGE ( 5 0 PERCENT) ------------------MIDDLE RANGE (BO PERCENT) ------------------1 YEAR OF SER VIC E!
M E A N -------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN ---------------------------------------------------------MIDDLE RANGE ( 5 0 PERCENT) --------------------MIDOLE RANGE ( 8 0 PERCENT) --------------------5 YEARS OF SERVICE:
M E A N --------------------------------------------------------

55
$6.400
$5> 0 0 0
S3 >000—l O t 000
$ 2 • 0 0 0 - 11> 500

2

39
$7,300
$5,000
$ 3 , 0 0 0 —1 0 . 0 0 0
$ 3 ,000-11.500

2

49
$9,400
$10,000
$ 3 ,000-11.500
$ 3 ,000-20.000

44
$10,000
$10,000
$5 ,0 0 0 -1 1 .5 0 0
$3 .0 0 0 -2 0 .0 0 0

4

4

38
$5,800
$5,000
$ 5 ,0 0 0 - 5.000
$ 3 ,000-10.000

2

19
$6,500
$5,000
$ 5 ,0 0 0 - 5.000
$ 3 ,0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

2

24
$10,100
$5,000
$5,000-20.000
$2,300-20.000

MEDIAN ----------------------------------------------------MIDDLE RANGE ( 5 0 PERCENT) ------------------MIDDLE RAN6E ( 8 0 PERCENT) ------------------10 YEARS OF SERV IC E:
M E A N -------------------------------------------------------MED I A N ---------------------------------------------------------MIDDLE RANGE ( 5 0 PERCENT) --------------------MIODLE RANGE ( 8 0 PERCENT) --------------------20 YEARS OF SER VIC E :
M E A N -------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN ---------------------------------------------------------MIDDLE RANGE ( 5 0 PERCENT) --------------------MIDDLE RANGE ( 8 0 PERCENT) ---------------------

See fo o tn o te s

at end

(6)
(6 )

(6)

lb )

lb)

lb )

lb)
lb)

lb)
lb)

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb)

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

(6)
(6 )
(6 )

lb)
lb)

(6 )
(6 )

lb)
lb)

(6 )
(6)
(6)
(6 )

(6 )
(6 )

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

(6 >
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
lb )

)

4

4

6

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

2
0
$11,600
$10.000
$5,000-20.000
$3.000-20.000

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

(6 )
(6 )

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb)

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 >

(6 )
(6 )

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb )

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb

lb)

)

(6 )

lb)
lb)

lb)

lb)
lb)

lb)
lb)

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb)

(6 )
(6 )

(6 )
(6 )
lb)

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb)

(6 )

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb

)
(6 )
)
(6 )

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb)
lb)

o f t a b le s .

17

(6

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb)

lb)

Table B-7. Life insurance plans for full-time workers in Corpus Christi, Tex., July 1977— Continued
Plant workers

O ffice workers
Manufacturing

A ll industries

Manufacturing

A ll industries

Item
A ll
plans 1
7

Noncontributory
plans 1
7

A ll
plans 1
7

5

15

Noncontributory
plans 1
7

A ll
plans 1
7

N one ont ributo r y
plans 1
7

A ll
plans 1
7

Noncontributory
plans 1
7

TYPE OF PLAN AND AMOUNT
OF INSURANCE-CONTINUED

AMOUNT OF INSURANCE I S BASED ON A SCHEDULE
UHICH IN D IC AT E S A S P E C IF IE D DOLLAR AMOUNT OF
INSURANCE FOR A S P E C IF I E D AMOUNT OF EA RN IN 6S I
PERCENT OF AL L F U L L -T I M E WORKERS18----------------------AMOUNT OF INSURANCE PROVIDED 19I F :
ANNUAL EARNINGS ARE $ 5 , 0 0 0 :
M E A N -------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN ---------------------------------------------------------MIDDLE RANGE ( 5 0 PERCENT) --------------------MIDDLE RANGE ( 8 0 PERCENT) --------------------ANNUAL EARNIN6S ARE Sl O tO O O :
M E A N -------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN ----------------------------------------------------------MIDDLE RANGE ( 5 0 PERCENT) --------------------MIDDLE RANGE ( 8 0 PERCENT) --------------------ANNUAL EARNINGS ARE $ 1 5 , 0 0 0 :
M E A N ----- -- ------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN ----------------------------------------------------------HIDOLE RANGE ( 5 0 P E RC EN T) --------------------MIDDLE RANGE ( 8 0 P E RC EN T) --------------------ANNUAL EARNI NGS ARE $ 2 0 , 0 0 0 :
M E A N --------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN ----------------------------------------------------------MIDDLE RANGE ( 5 0 P E R CE N T ) --------------------MIDDLE RAN6E ( 8 0 P ER C E NT ) ---------------------

15

$7,800
$8,000
$ 5 ,0 0 0 -1 1 .0 0 0
$ 3 ,0 0 0 -1 2 .0 0 0

$5,900
$3,100
$3,000-12.000
$ 3 ,000-12.000

$7,300
$7,500
$ 3 ,0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0
$ 3 ,000-11.000

$13,500
$12,000
$ 1 0 ,000-15.000
$3 ,7 0 0 -2 2 .0 0 0

$13,100
$10,000
$3,700-22.000
$3,000-22.000

$11,000
$11,000
$ 1 0 ,000-12.500
$ 3 ,0 0 0 -1 5 .0 0 0

$19,700
$20,000
$1 4 ,0 0 0 -2 5 .0 0 0
$ 1 0 ,0 0 0 -3 0 .0 0 0

$16,700
$10,000
$ 1 0 ,000-30.000
$6,200 -3 0 .0 0 0

$14,800
$15,000
$ 1 0 ,000-15.000
$10,000-24.000

$24,900
$20,000
$ 1 5 ,0 0 0 -3 5 .0 0 0
$ 1 0 ,0 0 0 -4 2 .0 0 0

$21,000
$15,000
$ 1 0 ,000-42.000
$ 7 ,500-42.000

$15,400
$15,000
$15,000-15.000
$ 1 0 ,000-24.000

AMOUNT OF INSURANCE I S EXPRESSED AS A FACTOR OF
ANNUAL E A R N I N G S : 20
PERCENT OF A L L F U L L - T I M E WORKERS18----------------------FACTOR OF ANNUAL E A R N I N 6 S USED TO CALCULATE
AMOUNT OF I N S U R A N C E : 19 20
MEAN -------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN ----------------------------------------------------------1 . 0 0 - 1.00
MIDDLE RANGE ( 5 0 P E R CE N T ) --------------------.0 0 -2 .0 0
MIDDLE RANGE ( 8 0 P E RC E N T) --------------------PERCENT OF A L L F U L L - T I M E WORKERS COVERED BY
PL AN S NOT S P E C I F Y I N G A MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF
I N S U R A N C E _______________— —— — ---------------- ------------ —
—
■
—
18
PERCENT OF ALL F U L L - T IM E WORKERS COVERED BY
PLANS S PE C IF YI N G A MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF
INSURANCE -----------------------------------------------------------------S P E C IF I E D MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF IN S U R A N C E :19
$73,800
M E A N -------------------------------------------------------------$50,000
MEDIAN ----------------------------------------------------------MIODLE RANGE ( 5 0 PERCENT) --------------------- $ 5 0 , 0 0 0 - 1 0 0 . 0 0 0
MIDDLE RANGE ( 8 0 PERCENT) --------------------- $ 5 0 , 0 0 0 - 1 0 0 . 0 0 0

2
0

1.21
1.00

1

16

1.23

1.00

1.28

1.00

1 .0 0 - 1. 00

1 . 0 0 - 1.00

1 .00-2.50

1 .00-2.50

13

2

2

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

24

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
)

(6

(6 )

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

16

1.42

1.00
1 .00-2.50
1 .00-2.50

13

2

2
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

(6 )
(6 )
)
)

(6
(6

14

4

2

8

$8,100
$8,000
$ 8 ,0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0
$5 ,0 0 0 -1 1 .0 0 0

$7,300
$5,000
$3 ,1 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0
$ 3 ,0 0 0 -1 2 .0 0 0

$7,200
$7,500
$3 ,0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0
$ 3 ,0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

(6

$14,500
$12,000
$ 1 2 ,0 0 0 -2 0 .0 0 0
$ 1 0 ,000-22.000

$16,200
$20,000
$ 3 ,7 0 0 -2 0 .0 0 0
$3 ,0 0 0 -2 2 .0 0 0

$10,700
$12,500
$3*000-15.000
$3 ,0 0 0 -1 5 .0 0 0

(6 )
)
(6 )
(6 )

$23,000
$25,000
$ 2 0 ,000-25.000
$ 1 4 ,000-30.000

$19,200
$20,000
$10,000-20.000
$6 ,2 0 0 -3 0 .0 0 0

$16,400
$15,000
$ 1 0 ,0 0 0 -2 4 .0 0 0
$10 ,0 0 0 -2 4 .0 0 0

$30,600
$35,000
$ 2 0 ,0 0 0 -3 5 .0 0 0
$ 1 5 ,000-42.000

$22,800
$20,000
$15,000-20.000
$ 7 ,5 0 0 -4 2 .0 0 0

$19,700
$15,000
$15 ,0 0 0 -3 0 .0 0 0
$ 1 5 ,0 0 0 -3 0 .0 0 0

44

1.70

2.00
1. 0 0 - 2 . 0 0
1. 0 0 - 2 . 0 0
27

17
$78,900
$100,000
$ 5 0 ,0 00-100.000
$ 5 0 ,000-100.000

34

1.70

2.00
1. 0 0 - 2 . 0 0
1. 0 0 - 2 . 0 0
24

1
0
$97,600
$100,000
$ 1 0 0,000-100.000
$50,000-1 0 0 .0 0 0

60

1.47

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
)

(6

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

44

1.59

1.00
1. 0 0 - 2 . 0 0

1.00
1. 0 0 - 2 . 0 0

1.0 0 -2 .5 0

1 .0 0 -2 .5 0

44

16
$106,900
$100,000
$100,0 0 0 -1 0 0 .0 0 0
$ 5 0 ,000-200.000

28

16
$106,900
$100,000
$ 1 00,000-100.000
$50,000-200.000

AMOUNT
of

OF INSURANCE I S BASED ON SOME OTHER TYPE
plan:
PERCENT OF ALL FUL.L-TIME WORKERS1 8 ------------------

26

5

2

-

6

See footnotes at end of tables.

18

-

1

-

4

-

Footnotes

Some of these standard footnotes may not apply to this bulletin.

1 Includes payments other than "length of tim e," such as percentage
4
of annual earnings or flat-sum payments, converted to an equivalent time
basis; for example, 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's
pay. Periods of service are chosen arbitrarily and do not necessarily re­
flect individual provisions for progression; for example, changes in pro­
portions at 10 years include changes between 5 and 10 years. Estimates
are cumulative. Thus, the proportion eligible for at least 3 weeks' pay
after 10 years includes those eligible for at least 3 weeks' pay after fewer
years of service.
1 Estimates listed after type of benefit are for all plans for which
5
at least a part of the cost is borne by the employer. "Noncontributory
plans" include only those financed entirely by the employer. Excluded are
legally required plans, such as workers' disability compensation^, .social se­
curity, and railroad retirement.
1 Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and
6
accident insurance shown separately below. Sick leave plans are limited to
those which definitely establish at least the minimum number of days' pay
that each employee can expect. Informal sick leave allowances determined
on an individual basis are excluded.
1 Estimates under "A ll plans" relate to all plans for which at least
7
a part of the cost is borne by the employer. Estimates under "Noncontrib­
utory plans" include only those financed entirely by the employer.
8
For "A ll industries," all full-time plant workers or office workers
equal 100 percent. For "Manufacturing," all full-time plant workers or
office workers in manufacturing equal 100 percent.
1 The mean amount is computed by multiplying the number of workers
9
provided insurance by the amount of insurance provided, totaling the prod­
ucts, and dividing the sum by the number of workers. The median indicates
that half of the workers are provided an amount equal to or smaller and half
an amount equal to or larger than the amount shown. Middle range (50 per­
cent)— a fourth of the workers are provided an amount equal to or less than
the smaller amount and a fourth are provided an amount equal to or more
than the larger amount. Middle range (80 percent)— 10 percent of the work­
ers are provided an amount eqhal to or less than the smaller amount and 10
percent are provided an amount equal to or more than the larger amount.
2 A factor of annual earnings is the number by which annual earnings
0
are multiplied to determine the amount of insurance provided. For example,
a factor of 2 indicates that for annual earnings of $10,000 the amount of
insurance provided is $20, 000.

1 S tan d ard h o u rs r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e
th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f p ay f o r o v e r t im e at r e g ­
u la r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ), and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly
h o u rs.
2 T h e m e a n is c om p u ted f o r ea c h jo b b y to ta lin g th e e a rn in g s o f
a l l w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y the n u m b er o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n d e s ig ­
nates p o s itio n — h a lf o f th e w o r k e r s r e c e i v e th e s a m e o r m o r e and h a lf r e ­
c e iv e th e s a m e o r le s s than the r a te shown.
T h e m id d le ra n g e is d e fin e d
b y tw o r a te s o f p ay; a fo u rth o f the w o r k e r s e a r n the s a m e o r le s s than
the lo w e r o f th e s e r a te s and a fo u rth e a r n th e s a m e o r m o r e than the
h ig h e r ra te .
3 E a r n in g s data r e la t e o n ly to w o r k e r s w h o s e s e x id e n tific a tio n w as
p r o v id e d b y the e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts .
5 E s tim a te s f o r p e r io d s ending p r io r to 1976 r e la t e to m e n o n ly fo r
s k ille d m a in te n a n c e and u n s k ille d p lan t w o r k e r s .
A l l o th e r e s tim a te s r e ­
la te to m en and w om en .
6 D ata do not m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a o r data not a v a ila b le .
7 F o r m a l l y e s ta b lis h e d m in im u m r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e h ir in g s a l­
a r ie s th at a r e p a id f o r sta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s .

8

E x c lu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s s u c h a s m e s s e n g e r .

9 D ata a r e p re s e n te d f o r a ll sta n d a rd w o rk w e e k s c o m b in e d , and fo r
the m o s t c o m m o n s tan d a rd w o rk w e e k s r e p o r te d .
10 In c lu d e s a l l p lan t w o r k e r s
in e s ta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n t ly o p e r a t ­
in g la te s h ifts , and e s ta b lis h m e n ts w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r la te
s h ifts , e v e n though the e s ta b lis h m e n ts w e r e not c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te
s h ifts .
1 L e s s than 0.05 p e rc e n t.
1
12 L e s s than 0.5 p e rc e n t.
1 A l l c o m b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h a lf d ays th at add to the s a m e am ount
3
a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , th e p r o p o r tio n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a to ta l o f
10 d ays in c lu d e s th o s e w ith 10 fu ll d ays and no h a lf d a y s, 9 fu ll d ays and
2 h a lf d a y s , 8 fu ll d ays and 4 h a lf d a y s , and so on.
P r o p o r t io n s th en
w e r e cu m u la ted .

19

Scope and Method
of Survey
Data on area wages and related benefits are obtained by personal
visits of Bureau field representatives at 3-year intervals. In each of the
intervening years, information on employment and occupational earnings is
collected by a combination of personal visit, mail questionnaire, and telephone
interview from establishments participating in the previous survey.
In each of the 74 1 areas currently surveyed, data are obtained from
representative establishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufac­
turing; transportation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale
trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major
industry groups excluded from these studies are government operations and
the construction and extractive industries. Establishments having fewer than
a prescribed number of workers are omitted because of insufficient employ­
ment in the occupations studied. Separate tabulations are provided for each
of the broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.
These surveys are conducted on a sample basis. The sampling
procedures involve detailed stratification of all establishments within the
scope of an individual area survey by industry and number of employees.
From this stratified universe a probability sample is selected, with each
establishment having a predetermined chance of selection. To obtain optimum
accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large than small establish­
ments is selected. When data are combined, each establishment is weighted
according to its probability of selection, so that unbiased estimates are
generated. For example, if one out of four establishments is selected, it is
given a weight of 4 to represent itself plus three others. An alternate of
the same original probability is chosen in the same industry-size cla ssifi­
cation if data are not available from the original sample member. If no
suitable substitute is available, additional weight is assigned to a sample
member that is similar to the missing unit.
Occupations and earnings
Occupations selected for study are common to a variety of manufac­
turing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the following types: (1)
Office clerical; (2) professional and technical; (3) maintenance, toolroom,
and powerplant; and (4) material movement and custodial. Occupational
classification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to take
account of inter establishment variation in duties within the same job.
Occupations selected for study are listed and described in appendix B.
1 Included in the 74 areas are 4 s u i s conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are
tde
Akron, Ohio; Birmingham, Ala.; Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Portsmouth and Newport News-Hampton, Va.—N. C.;
and Syracuse, N.Y. In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies i approximately 100 areas
n
at the request of the Employment Standards Administration of the U. S Department of Labor.
.

Unless otherwise indicated, the earnings data following the job titles
are for all industries combined. Earnings data for some of the occupations
listed and described, or for some industry divisions within the scope of the
survey, are not presented in the A -series tables because either (1) employ­
ment in the occupation is too small to provide enough data to merit presen­
tation, or (2) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment
data. Separate men's and women's earnings data are not presented when the
number of workers not identified by sex is 20 percent or more of the men
or women identified in an occupation. Earnings data not shown separately
for industry divisions are included in data for all industries combined.
Likewise, for occupations with more than one level, data are included in
the overall classification when a subclassification is not shown or information
to subclassify is not available.
O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t an d e a r n in g s

d a ta a r e

show n f o r

fu ll- tim e

workers, i.e., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule. Earnings
data exclude premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays,
and late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living
allowances and incentive bonuses are included. Weekly hours for office
clerical and professional and technical occupations refer to the standard
workweek (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which employees receive
regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular
and/or premium rates). Average weekly earnings for these occupations
are rounded to the nearest half dollar. Vertical lines within the distribution
of workers on some A-tables indicate a change in the size of the class
intervals.
These surveys measure the level of occupational earnings in an area
at a particular time. Comparisons of individual occupational averages over
time may not reflect expected wage changes. The averages for individual
jobs are affected by changes in wages and employment patterns. For example,
proportions of workers employed by high- or low-wage firm s may change,
or high-wage workers may advance to better jobs and be replaced by new
workers at lower rates. Such shifts in employment could decrease an
occupational average even though most establishments in an area increase
wages during the year. Changes in earnings of occupational groups, shown in
table A-7, are better indicators of wage trends than are earnings changes for
individual jobs within the groups.
Average earnings reflect composite, areawide estimates. Industries
and establishments differ in pay level and job staffing, and thus contribute
differently to the estimates for each job. Pay averages may fail to reflect
accurately the wage differential among jobs in individual establishments.

Average pay levels for men and women in selected occupations
should not be assumed to reflect differences in pay of the sexes within
individual establishments. Factors which may contribute to differences
include progression within established rate ranges (only the rates paid
incumbents are collected) and performance of specific duties within the
general survey job descriptions. Job descriptions used to classify employees
in these surveys usually are more generalized than those used in individual
establishments and allow for minor differences among establishments in
specific duties performed.
Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all estab­
lishments within the scope of the study and not the number actually surveyed.
Because occupational structures among establishments differ, estimates of
occupational employment obtained from the sample of establishments studied
serve only to indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied. These
differences in occupational structure do not affect materially the accuracy of
the earnings data.
Wage trends for selected occupational groups
The percent increases presented in table A-7 are based on changes
in average hourly earnings of men and women in establishments reporting
the trend jobs in both the current and previous year (matched establishments).
The data are adjusted to remove the effect on average earnings of employ­
ment shifts among establishments and turnover of establishments included
in survey samples. The percent increases, however, are still affected by
factors other than wage increases. Hirings, layoffs, and turnover may
affect an establishment average for an occupation when workers are paid
tinder plans providing a range of wage rates for individual jobs. In periods
of increased hiring, for example, new employees may enter at the bottom
of the range, depressing the average without a change in wage rates.
The percent changes relate to wage changes between the indicated
dates. When the time span between surveys is other than 12 months, annual
rates are shown. (It is assumed that wages increase at a constant rate
between surveys.)
Occupations used to compute wage trends are:
Office clerical

Office clerical— Continued

Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Typists, classes
A and B
File clerks, classes A,
B, and C
Messengers
Switchboard operators 2

Order clerks, classes
A and B
Accounting clerks,
classes A and B
Bookkeeping.machine
operators, class B
Payroll clerks
Keypunch operators,
classes A and B

In 1977, switchboard operators are included in the wage trend computation for a l except the following
l
a e s Canton, Chicago, Cincinnati, Davenport-Rock Island-Moline, Houston, Huntsville, Jackson, New Orleans,
ra:
Portland (Oregon), ProVidence-Warwick-Pawtucket, Richmond, San Antonio, Seattle—Everett, South Bend,
and Wichita.

Electronic data processing

Skilled maintenance

Computer systems
analysts, classes
A, B, and C
Computer programmers,
classes A, B, and C
Computer operators,
classes A, B, and C

Carpenters
Electricians
Painters
Machinists
Mechanics (machinery)
Mechanics (motor vehicle)
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers

Industrial nurses

Unskilled plant

Registered industrial
nurses

Janitors, porters, and
cleaners
Material handling laborers

Percent changes for individual areas in the program are computed
as follows:
*

1. Average earnings are computed for each occupation for
the 2 years being compared. The averages are derived
from earnings in those establishments which are in the
survey both years; it is assumed that employment
remains unchanged.
2. Each occupation is assigned a weight based on its
proportionate employment in the occupational group in
the base year.
3. These weights are used to compute group averages.
Each occupation's average earnings (computed in step 1)
is multiplied by its weight. The products are totaled
to obtain a group average.
4. The ratio of group averages for 2 consecutive years is
computed by dividing the average for the current year
by the average for the earlier year. The result—
expressed as a percent— less 100 is the percent change.
For a more detailed description of the method used to compute
these wage trends, see "Improving Area Wage Survey Indexes," Monthly
Labor Review, January 1973, pp. 52-57.
Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions
The incidence of selected establishment practices and supplementary
wage provisions is studied for full-time plant workers and office workers.
Plant workers include nonsupervisory workers and working supervisors
engaged in nonoffice functions. (Cafeteria workers and route workers are
excluded in manufacturing industries, but included in nonmanufacturing
industries.) Office workers include nonsupervisory workers and- working
supervisors performing clerical or related functions. Lead workers and
trainees are included among nonsupervisory workers. Administrative, execu­
tive, professional and part-time employees as well as construction workers
utilized as separate work forces are excluded from both the plant and office
worker categories.
Minimum entrance salaries (table B - l ) . Minimum entrance salaries
for office workers relate only to the establishments visited. Because of the
optimum sampling techniques used and the probability that large establish­
ments are more likely than small establishments to have formal entrance

rates above the subclerical level, the table is more representative of policies
in medium and large establishments. (The "X 's " shown under standard
weekly hours indicate that no meaningful totals are applicable.)
Shift differentials— manufacturing (table B -2). Data were collected
on policies of manufacturing establishments regarding pay differentials for
plant workers on late shifts. Establishments considered as having policies
are those which (1) have provisions in writing covering the operation of late
shifts, or (2) have operated late shifts at any time during the 12 months
preceding a survey. When establishments have several differentials which
vary by job, the differential applying to the majority of the plant workers is
recorded. When establishments have differentials which apply only to certain
hours of work, the differential applying to the majority of the shift hours is
recorded.
For purposes of this study, a late shift is either a second (evening)
shift which ends at or near midnight or a third (night) shift which starts at or
near midnight.
Differentials for second and third shifts are summarized separately
for (1) establishment policies (an establishment's differentials are weighted by
all plant workers in the establishment at the time of the survey) and (2)
effective practices (an establishment's differentials are weighted by plant
workers employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey).
Scheduled weekly hours; paid holidays; paid vacations; and health,
insurance, and pension plains. Provisions which apply to a majority of the
plant or office workers in an establishment are considered to apply to all
plant or office workers in the establishment; a practice or provision is
considered nonexistent when it applies to less than a majority. Holidays;
vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans are considered applicable
to employees currently eligible for the benefits as well as to employees who
w ill eventually become eligible.
Scheduled weekly hours and days (table B -3). Scheduled weekly
hours and days refer to the number of hours and days per week which fu ll­
time first (day) shift workers are expected to work, whether paid for at
straight-time or overtime rates.
Paid holidays (table B -4). Holidays are included only if they are
granted annually on a formal basis (provided for in written form or estab­
lished by custom). They are included even though in a particular year
they fall on a nonworkday and employees are not granted another day off.
Employees may be paid for the time off or may receive premium pay in
lieu of time off.

service. Vacation plans commonly provide for a larger amount of vacation
pay as service lengthens. Counts of plant or office workers by length of
service were not obtained. The tabulations of vacation pay granted present,
therefore, statistical measures of these provisions rather than proportions
of workers actually receiving specific benefits.
Health, insurance, and pension plans (tables B-6and B-7L Health,
insurance, and pension plans include plans for which the employer pays
either all or part of the cost. The cost may be (1) underwritten by a
commercial insurance company or nonprofit organization, (2) covered by a
union fund to which the employer has contributed, or (3) borne directly by
the employer out of operating funds or a fund set aside to cover the cost.
A plan is included even though a majority of the employees in an establish­
ment do not choose to participate in it because they are required to bear
part of its cost (provided the choice to participate is available or w ill
eventually become available to a majority). Legally required plans such as
social security, railroad retirement, workers' disability compensation, and
temporary disability insurance3 are excluded.
Life insurance includes formal plans providing indemnity (usually
through an insurance policy) in case of death of the covered worker.
Information is also provided in table B-7 on types of life insurance plans
and the amount of coverage in all industries combined and in manufacturing.
Accidental death and dismemberment is limited to plans which
provide benefit payments in case of death or loss of limb or sight as a
direct result of an accident.
Sickness and accident insurance includes only those plans which
provide that predetermined cash payments be made directly to employees
who lose time from work because of illness or injury, e.g., $50 a week
for up to 26 weeks of disability.
Sick leave plans are limited to formal plans 4 which provide for
continuing an employee's pay during absence from work because of illness.
Data collected distinguish between (1) plans which provide full pay with no
waiting period, and (2) plans which either provide partial pay or require a
waiting period.
Temporary di a i i y insurance which provides benefits to covered workers disabled by injury or illiM.
sblt
which i not work-connected i mandatory under State laws in California, New Jersey, New York, and Rhode
s
s
I l n . Establishment plans which meet only the legal requirements are excluded from these data, but those
sad
under which ( ) employers contribute more than i legally required or (2) benefits exceed those specified in the
1
s
State law are included. In Rhode I l
s and, benefits are paid out of a State fund to which only employees
contribute. In each of the other three S a
t tes, benefits are paid either from a State fund or through a private plan.

Data are tabulated to show the percent of workers who (1) are granted
specific numbers of whole and half holidays and (2) are granted specified
amounts of total holiday time (whole and half holidays are aggregated).

State fund financing: In California, only employees contribute to the State fund; in New Jersey,
employees and employers c f t i u e in New York, employees contribute up to a specified maximum
cnrbt;
and employers pay the difference between the employees' share and the tot l contribution required.
a

Paid vacations (table B -5). Establishments report their method of
calculating vacation pay (time basis, percent of annual earnings, flat-sum
payment, etc.) and the amount of vacation pay granted. Only basic formal
plans are reported. Vacation bonuses, vacation-savings plans, and "extended"
or "sabbatical" benefits beyond basic plans are excluded.
For tabulating vacation pay granted, all provisions are expressed
on a time basis. Vacation pay calculated on other than a time basis is
converted to its equivalent time period. Two percent of annual earnings,
for example, is tabulated as 1 week's vacation pay.
Also, provisions after each specified length of service are related
to all plant or office workers in an establishment regardless of length of

Private plan financing: In California and New Jersey, employees cannot be required to contribute
more than they would i they were covered by the State fund; in New York, employees can agree
f
to contribute more i the State r l s that the additional contribution i commensurate with the
f
ue
s
benefit provided.
Federal legislation (Railroad Unemployment Insurance .Act) provides temporary d s b
i a ility insurance
benefits to railroad workers for i l e s or i j
lns
n ury, whether work-connected or n
ot. The legislation requires
that employers bear the entire cost of the insurance.
4 An establishment i considered a having a formal plan i i specifies a least the minimum number
s
s
f t
t
of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be written, but informal sick leave
allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.

22

L o n g - t e r m d is a b ilit y in s u ra n c e p la n s p r o v id e p a y m e n ts to t o t a lly
d is a b le d e m p lo y e e s upon the e x p ir a tio n o f th e ir p aid s ic k le a v e an d / o r s i c k ­
n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e , o r a f t e r a p r e d e te r m in e d p e r io d o f d is a b ilit y
( t y p ic a lly 6 m o n th s ).
P a y m e n ts a r e m a d e u n til th e end o f th e d is a b ilit y , a
m a x im u m a g e , o r e l i g ib ilit y f o r r e t ir e m e n t b e n e fits .
F u ll o r p a r t ia l p a y ­
m en ts a r e a lm o s t a lw a y s re d u c e d b y s o c ia l s e c u r it y , w o r k e r s ' d is a b ilit y
c o m p e n s a tio n , and p r iv a t e p e n s io n b e n e fits p a y a b le to th e d is a b le d e m p lo y e e .

L a b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t c o v e r a g e
T h e fo llo w in g ta b u la tio n show s the p e r c e n t o f fu ll- t im e p lan t and
o f f ic e w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the C orpu s C h r is t i a r e a in
w h ic h a union c o n tra c t o r c o n tra c ts c o v e r e d a m a jo r it y o f the w o r k e r s in
the r e s p e c t iv e c a t e g o r ie s , J u ly 1977:
P la n t w o r k e r s

H o s p ita liz a tio n , s u r g ic a l, and m e d ic a l in s u ra n c e p la n s r e p o r te d
in th e s e s u r v e y s p r o v id e fu ll o r p a r t ia l p a y m e n t f o r b a s ic s e r v ic e s r e n d e r e d .
H o s p ita liz a tio n in s u r a n c e c o v e r s h o s p ita l r o o m and b o a rd and m a y c o v e r
o th e r h o s p ita l e x p e n s e s .
S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e c o v e r s s u r g e o n s ' f e e s .
M e d ic a l
in s u ra n c e c o v e r s d o c t o r s ' fe e s f o r h o m e , o f f i c e , o r h o s p ita l c a lls .
P la n s
r e s t r i c t e d to p o s t - o p e r a t iv e m e d ic a l c a r e o r a d o c t o r 's c a r e f o r m in o r
a ilm e n ts at a w o r k e r 's p la c e o f e m p lo y m e n t a r e not c o n s id e r e d to be
m e d ic a l in s u ra n c e .
M a jo r m e d ic a l in s u ra n c e c o v e r a g e a p p lie s to s e r v ic e s w h ich go
b eyon d th e b a s ic
s e r v ic e s
c o v e r e d u n d er h o s p it a liz a tio n , s u r g ic a l, and
m e d ic a l in s u ra n c e .
M a jo r m e d ic a l in s u r a n c e t y p ic a lly (1 ) r e q u ir e s th at a
" d e d u c t ib le " ( e . g . , $ 5 0 ) be m e t b e fo r e b e n e fits b e g in , (2) has a c o in s u ra n c e
fe a tu r e that r e q u ir e s th e in s u re d to p a y a p o r tio n (e . g . , 20 p e r c e n t) o f
c e r ta in e x p e n s e s , and (3 ) has a s p e c ifie d d o lla r m a x im u m o f b e n e fits (e . g . ,
$ 10,0 0 0 a y e a r ).

A l l in d u s tr ie s -----------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g ______________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g __________
P u b lic u t i l i t ie s __________

O ffic e w o r k e r s

25
40
13
60

8
-

10
49

An e s ta b lis h m e n t is c o n s id e r e d to have a c o n tra c t c o v e r in g a ll pi ant,
o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r it y o f such w o r k e r s is c o v e r e d by a la b o r m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t.
T h e r e f o r e , a l l o t h e r p lan t o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s a r e
e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts that e it h e r do not h a ve la b o r - m a n a g e m e n t c o n ­
t r a c t s in e f f e c t , o r h a ve c o n tra c ts th at ap p ly to f e w e r than h a lf o f t h e ir
p lan t o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s .
E s tim a te s a r e not n e c e s s a r ily r e p r e s e n t a t iv e o f
the e x te n t to w h ich a ll w o r k e r s in th e a r e a m a y b e c o v e r e d by th e p r o v is io n s
o f la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n ts , b e c a u s e s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d
and th e in d u s tr ia l s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y is lim ite d .

D en ta l in s u ra n c e p la n s p r o v id e n o r m a l d en ta l s e r v ic e b e n e fits ,
u s u a lly f o r f i l l i n g s , e x tr a c tio n s , and X - r a y s .
P la n s w h ich p r o v id e b e n e fits
o n ly f o r o r a l s u r g e r y o r r e p a ir in g a c c id e n t d a m a g e a r e not r e p o r te d .
R e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n p lan s p r o v id e f o r r e g u la r p a y m e n ts to th e r e t i r e e
fo r life .
In clu d ed a r e d e fe r r e d p r o f it - s h a r in g p la n s w h ich p r o v id e th e op tio n
o f p u rc h a s in g a l i f e t im e annuity.

In d u s tr ia l c o m p o s itio n in m a n u fa c tu rin g
T w o - f if t h s o f th e w o r k e r s w ith in th e sc o p e o f the s u r v e y in the
C orp u s C h r is t i a r e a w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u fa c tu rin g f i r m s . T h e fo llo w in g
p r e s e n ts th e m a jo r in d u s tr y g ro u p s and s p e c if ic in d u s tr ie s as a p e r c e n t o f
a ll m a n u fa c tu rin g :
In d u s try g ro u p s

S p e c ific in d u s tr ie s

C h e m ic a ls and a llie d
p ro d u c ts __________________________29
F o o d and k in d r e d p r o d u c t s _____17
P e t r o le u m and c o a l p ro d u c ts __16
P r i m a r y m e t a l in d u s t r ie s _____ 12
A p p a r e l and o th e r t e x t ile
p r o d u c t s _________________________ 7
T r a n s p o r ta tio n e q u ip m en t —___ 5

P e t r o le u m r e f i n i n g _____________ 16
In d u s tr ia l in o r g a n ic ___________
c h e m ic a ls ______________________ 15
In d u s tr ia l o r g a n ic
c h e m ic a ls ______________________ 14
P r i m a r y n o n fe rr o u s m e t a ls __ 11
M e n 's and b o y s ' fu r n is h in g s — 5
Sh ip and b o a tb u ild in g and
r e p a i r i n g _______________ ,______ 5

T h is in fo r m a tio n is b a s e d on e s tim a te s o f to t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d
f r o m u n iv e r s e m a t e r ia ls c o m p ile d b e fo r e a ctu a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t io n s in
v a r io u s in d u s try d iv is io n s m a y d i f fe r f r o m p r o p o r tio n s b a s e d on th e r e s u lts
o f th e s u r v e y as shown in a p p en d ix ta b le 1.

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
in Corpus Christi, Tex.,1July 1977
Number of establishments

Workers in establishments

employment
Industry division2

ments in scope
of study

Within scope of study
Within scope
of study2

Studied
Total4

Studied
Number

170

ALL DIVISIONS ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------- ----------------------------------TRANSPORTATION* COMMUNICATION* AND
OTHER PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE
RETAIL TRADE
----------------------------------------------------FINANCE* INSURANCE. AND REAL ESTATE
-----------SERVICES8 ------------------------------------------------------------

80

26.436

Percent

100

Full-time
plant workers

Full-time
office workers

16*008

3.182

18.892
8.605
10.287
2.511
465
4.501
804
2.006

“

42
128

27
53

9.906
16*530

37
63

6.860
9*148

673
2.509

50
50
50
50
50

18
16
56
13
25

8
4
21
5
15

3.257
1*343
7.512
1*443
2*975

12
5
28
5
11

1.891

498
C8 1

50

1 The Corpus Christi Standard Metropolitan Statistical A re a , as defined by the O ffice of
Management and Budget through F e b ru a ry 1974, consists of Nueces and San P atricio Counties. The
"w o rk ers within scope of study" estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate
description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey.
Estim ates are
not intended, however, for com parision with other employment indexes to m easure employment
trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires establishment data compiled considerably
in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) sm all establishments are excluded from the scope
of the survey.
2 The 1972 edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used to classify
establishments by industry division. However, a ll government operations are excluded fro m the
scope of the survey.
3 Includes all establishments with total employment at o r above the minimum limitation. A ll
outlets (within the a re a ) of companies in industries such as trade, finance, auto rep air se rv ic e , and
motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes executive, profession al, part-tim e, and other w orkers excluded from the separate
plant and office categories.

( 6>
C6 >

C7)
(‘ )

)

C6 1
c6 >

Total4

5 Abbreviated to "public utilities" in the A - and B -s e r ie s tables.
Taxicabs and services
incidental to w ater transportation are excluded. The Corpus Christi transit system is municipally
operated and is excluded by definition fro m the scope of the study.
6 This division is represented in estimates for " a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in
the A - and B -s e r ie s tables. Separate presentation of data is not made fo r one or m ore of the
following reasons: (1) Employment is too sm all to provide enough data to m erit separate study, (2)
the sample was not designed initially to perm it separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient
or inadequate to perm it separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual
establishment data.
7 W o rk e rs fro m this entire division are represented in estimates for " a ll industries" and
"nbnmanufacturing" in the A -s e r ie s tables, but from the re a l estate portion only in estimates for
" a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the B -s e r ie s tables. Separate presentation of data is
not made fo r one o r m ore of the reasons given in footnote 6.
8 Hotels and m otels; laundries and other personal se rvices; business services; automobile
rep a ir, rental, and parking; motion pictures; nonprofit m em bership organizations (excluding religious
and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectural services.

24

Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
T h e p r im a r y p u rp o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r ip tio n s f o r the B u ­
r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s is to a s s is t its f ie ld s ta ff in c la s s ify in g into a p p r o ­
p r ia te occ u p a tio n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p lo y e d u n der a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o ll
t it le s and d iffe r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n ts f r o m e s ta b lis h m e n t to e s ta b lis h ­
m en t and f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m its th e g ro u p in g o f o c c u p a tio n a l
w a g e r a te s r e p r e s e n tin g c o m p a r a b le jo b con ten t.
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a ­
s is on in t e r e s ta b lis h m e n t and in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ilit y o f o c c u p a tio n a l
c o n te n t, th e B u re a u 's jo b d e s c r ip tio n s m a y d if f e r s ig n ific a n tly f r o m th o s e
in u se in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts o r th o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u rp o s e s .
In a p p ly in g th e s e jo b d e s c r ip tio n s , th e B u re a u 's f ie ld e c o n o m is ts a r e
in s tr u c te d to e x c lu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p r e n tic e s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g in ­
n e r s ; and p a r t - t im e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s .
H an d icap p ed
w o r k e r s w h o s e e a rn in g s a r e re d u c e d b e c a u s e o f th e ir h a n d icap a r e a ls o
e x c lu d e d .
T r a in e e s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s u r v e y e x c e p t f o r th o s e r e ­
c e iv in g o n - th e - jo b tr a in in g in s o m e o f th e lo w e r l e v e l p r o fe s s io n a l and
te c h n ic a l occ u p a tio n s .

Office
S E C R E T A R Y — C ontinued

SECRETARY

E x c lu s io n s — C on tin u ed

A s s ig n e d as a p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to one in d iv id u a l.
M a in ta in s a c lo s e and h ig h ly r e s p o n s iv e r e la tio n s h ip to the d a y - to - d a y a c t iv ­
it ie s o f th e s u p e r v is o r . W o rk s f a i r l y in d e p e n d e n tly r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f
d e ta ile d s u p e r v is io n and g u id a n c e . P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l
d u ties
r e q u ir in g a k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e rou tin e and u n d erstan d in g o f the
o r g a n iz a tio n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e la t e d to th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v is o r .

a.
b.

S te n o g ra p h e rs s e r v in g as o f f ic e a s s is ta n ts
f e s s io n a l, te c h n ic a l, o r m a n a g e r ia l p e rs o n s ;

d.

N ot a ll p o s itio n s that a r e t it le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b ove
c h a r a c t e r is t ic s . E x a m p le s o f p o s itio n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the d e fin itio n
a r e as fo llo w s :

S te n o g ra p h e rs not fu lly tr a in e d in s e c r e t a r ia l- t y p e d u tie s ;

c.

E x c lu s io n s

P o s it io n s w h ich do not
d e s c r ib e d a b o v e ;

m e e t th e

" p e r s o n a l"

A s s is t a n t - t y p e p o s itio n s w h ich e n ta il m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e r e ­
s p o n s ib le te c h n ic a l, a d m in is t r a t iv e , o r s u p e r v is o r y d u ties w h ich
a r e not typ ica l" o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k , e .g ., A d m in is tr a tiv e A s s i s t ­
ant, o r E x e c u tiv e A s s is ta n t ;

L is t e d b e lo w a r e s e v e r a l o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ich r e v is e d d e s c r ip tio n s o r t it le s a r e b e in g in tro d u c e d
in th is s u r v e y :
T o o l and d ie m a k e r
G u ard
S h ip p e r and r e c e i v e r
(p r e v io u s ly s u r v e y e d
as sh ip p in g and
r e c e iv in g c le rk ).
T r u c k d r iv e r

O r d e r c le r k
P a y r o l l c le r k
S e c reta ry
S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r
S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t io n is t
T r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e ty p is t
M a c h in e t o o l o p e r a t o r (t o o lr o o m )

T h e B u re a u has d is co n tin u e d c o lle c t in g d ata f o r r ta b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r . W o r k e r s p r e v io u s ly
c la s s ifie d as w a tc h m e n a r e now c la s s ifie d as g u a rd s u n der the r e v is e d d e s c r ip tio n .

25

s e cre ta ry

to a gro u p

con cep t

of p ro­

SECRETARY— Continued

SECRET ARY— Continued

E x c lu s io n s — C ontinued

C la s s ific a t io n b y L e v e l — C ontinued

e.

P o s it io n s w h ich do not f it any o f the situ a tion s lis t e d in the
s e c tio n s b e lo w t it le d " L e v e l o f S u p e r v is o r , " e .g ., s e c r e t a r y to the
p r e s id e n t o f a com p a n y th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ;

f.

T r a in e e s .

C la s s ific a t io n b y L e v e l

e.

S e c r e t a r y jo b s w h ic h m e e t th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r is t ic s a r e m a tc h e d at
on e o f f i v e le v e l s a c c o r d in g to (a ) th e l e v e l o f th e s e c r e t a r y 's s u p e r v is o r
w ith in th e c o m p a n y 's o r g a n iz a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e and, (b ) th e l e v e l o f th e
s e c r e t a r y 's r e s p o n s ib ilit y . T h e c h a rt fo llo w in g th e e x p la n a tio n s o f th e s e tw o
fa c t o r s in d ic a te s th e l e v e l o f th e s e c r e t a r y f o r e a c h c o m b in a tio n o f the
fa c to rs .

a.

S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a co m p a n y
th at e m p lo y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.

S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o t h e r than th e c h a ir m a n o f
th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t ) o f a com p a n y th at e m p lo y s , in a ll,
o v e r 5, 000 but f e w e r than 25, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

c.

LS—
4

S e c r e t a r y to th e h ead o f a la r g e and im p o rta n t o r g a n iz a tio n a l
s e g m e n t (e . g . , a m id d le m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v is o r o f an o r g a n i­
z a tio n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g as m a n y as s e v e r a l h u n d red
p e r s o n s ) o f a com p a n y th at e m p lo y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w th e c o r p o r a te o f f i c e r
l e v e l , o f a m a jo r s e g m e n t o r s u b s id ia r y o f a com p a n y that
e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

L e v e l o f S e c r e t a r y 's S u p e r v is o r (L S )
S e c r e t a r ie s shou ld be m a tc h e d at one o f th e fo u r LS le v e ls d e s c r ib e d
b e lo w a c c o r d in g to th e l e v e l o f th e s e c r e t a r y 's s u p e r v is o r w ith in th e com p an y
o r g a n iz a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e .
L S —1

S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v is o r o r h ead o f a s m a ll
unit ( e . g . , f e w e r than about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ); o r

b.

LS—
2

a.

S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s t a ff s p e c ia lis t , p r o fe s s io n a l
e m p lo y e e , a d m in is tr a tiv e o f f i c e r o r a s s is ta n t, s k ille d te c h n ic ia n
o r e x p e rt.
(N O T E :
Many
c o m p a n ie s
a s s ig n s te n o g r a p h e r s ,
r a th e r than s e c r e t a r ie s as d e s c r ib e d a b o v e , to th is l e v e l o f
s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r . )

a.

S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n ­
s ib ilit y is not e q u iv a le n t to on e o f th e s p e c if ic l e v e l s itu a tio n s in
th e d e fin itio n f o r L S —3, but w h o s e o r g a n iz a tio n a l unit n o r m a lly
n u m b e rs at le a s t s e v e r a l d o ze n e m p lo y e e s and is u s u a lly d iv id e d
in to o r g a n iz a tio n a l s e g m e n ts w h ich a r e o fte n , in tu rn , fu r th e r
s u b d ivid e d . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , th is l e v e l in c lu d e s a w id e ra n g e
o f o r g a n iz a tio n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly one o r tw o ; o r

b.

LS—3

o r g a n iz a tio n a l

S e c r e t a r y to th e h ead o f an in d iv id u a l plaint, f a c t o r y , e t c ., (o r
o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, f e w e r
than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

a.

S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a com p an y
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, f e w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.

S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o t h e r than c h a irm a n o f th e
b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t ) o f a c om p a n y th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100
but f e w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

c.

S e c r e t a r y to th e h ead (im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w th e o f f i c e r l e v e l ) o v e r
e it h e r a m a jo r c o r p o r a te w id e fu n c tio n a l a c t iv it y (e . g . , m a r k e tin g ,
r e s e a r c h , o p e r a tio n s , in d u s tr ia l r e la t io n s , e t c .) o r a m a jo i
g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r­
t e r s ; a m a jo r d iv is io n ) o f a com p a n y th at e m p lo y s , in a ll,
o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but f e w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p lo y e e s ; o r

d.

S e c r e t a r y to th e h ead o f
( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l
o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

an
of

N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r " u sed in the a b ove LS d e f­
in itio n r e f e r s to th o s e o f f i c i a l s w ho h a ve a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a te w id e p o l i c y ­
m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r c om p a n y a c t iv it ie s .
Th e title "v ic e
p r e s i d e n t , " th ou gh n o r m a lly in d ic a tiv e o f th is r o l e , d o e s n ot in a ll c a s e s
id e n tify such p o s itio n s . V ic e p r e s id e n ts w h o s e p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y is .to
a ct p e r s o n a lly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r tr a n s a c tio n s (e . g . , a p p ro v e o r deny
in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d it a c tio n s ; a d m in is te r in d iv id u a l tr u s t a c c o u n ts ; d i ­
r e c t ly s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff) a r e not c o n s id e r e d to b e " c o r p o r a t e
o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e d e fin itio n .
L e v e l o f S e c r e t a r y 's R e s p o n s ib ilit y ( L R )
T h is f a c t o r e v a lu a te s th e n a tu re o f th e w o r k r e la tio n s h ip b e tw e e n
th e s e c r e t a r y and th e s u p e r v is o r , and th e e x te n t to w h ic h th e s e c r e t a r y is
e x p e c te d to e x e r c is e in it ia t iv e and ju d g m e n t. S e c r e t a r i e s shou ld b e m a tc h e d
at L R —1 o r L R —2 d e s c r ib e d b e lo w a c c o r d in g to t h e ir l e v e l o f r e s p o n s ib ilit y .
L e v e l o f R e s p o n s ib ilit y 1 (L R —1)
P e r f o r m s v a r ie d s e c r e t a r i a l d u ties in c lu d in g o r c o m p a ra b le to m o s t
o f th e fo llo w in g :
a.

A n s w e r s te le p h o n e s ,
c o m in g m a il.

b.

A n s w e r s te le p h o n e re q u e s ts w h ic h h a v e s ta n d a rd a n s w e r s .
r e p ly to r e q u e s ts b y sen d in g a f o r m l e t t e r .

c.

R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , and r e p o r ts p r e p a r e d by
o th e r s f o r th e s u p e r v is o r 's s ig n a tu r e to e n s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and
t y p o g r a p h ic a l a c c u r a c y .

d.

M a in ta in s s u p e r v is o r 's
in s tr u c te d .

e.

T y p e s , ta k e s and t r a n s c r ib e s d ic ta tio n , and f i l e s .

in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c .,
o f f i c i a l ) th at e m p lo y s , in a ll,

g re e ts

p erso n a l

c a le n d a r

and

c a lle r s ,

m ak es

and

op en s

ap p oin tm en ts

in ­

M ay

as

S E C R E T A R Y — C ontinu ed

STENOGRAPHER— Continued

L e v e l o f R e s p o n s ib ilit y 2 (L R —2)

S te n o g r a p h e r , S e n io r

P e r f o r m s d u ties d e s c r ib e d u n d er L R —1 and, in a d d itio n p e r fo r m s
ta s k s r e q u ir in g g r e a t e r ju d g m e n t, in it ia t iv e , and k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e fu n ction s
in c lu d in g o r c o m p a r a b le to m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
a.

S c r e e n s te le p h o n e and p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , d e te rm in in g w h ich can
b e h a n d led b y th e s u p e r v is o r 's s u b o rd in a te s o r o th e r o f f ic e s .

b.

A n s w e r s r e q u e s ts w h ic h r e q u ir e a d e ta ile d k n o w le d g e o f o f ­
f i c e p r o c e d u r e s o r c o lle c t io n o f in fo r m a tio n f r o m f i l e s o r
o th e r o ffic e s .
M a y s ig n ro u tin e c o r r e s p o n d e n c e in ow n o r
s u p e r v is o r 's n a m e.

c.

C o m p ile s o r a s s is ts in c o m p ilin g p e r io d ic
o f g e n e r a l in s tr u c tio n s .

d.

S c h ed u le s te n ta tiv e ap p oin tm en ts w ith ou t p r i o r c le a r a n c e .
As­
s e m b le s n e c e s s a r y b a c k g ro u n d m a t e r ia l f o r sc h e d u le d m e e tin g s .
M a k e s a r r a n g e m e n ts f o r m e e tin g s and c o n fe r e n c e s .

e.

E x p la in s s u p e r v is o r 's r e q u ir e m e n ts to o t h e r e m p lo y e e s in s u p e r ­
v i s o r 's unit. (A ls o t y p e s , ta k e s d ic ta tio n , and f i l e s . )

D ic ta tio n in v o lv e s a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y
such as in le g a l b r ie f s o r r e p o r ts on s c ie n t if ic r e s e a r c h . M a y a ls o set up
and m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e tc .

T h e fo llo w in g c h a rt
and L R c o m b in a tio n .

r e p o r ts on the b a s is

show s th e l e v e l o f th e s e c r e t a r y f o r e a c h LS

L e v e l o f s e c r e t a r y 's
s u p e r v is o r

P e r f o r m s s te n o g r a p h ic d u ties r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n tly g r e a t e r in ­
d ep en d en ce and r e s p o n s ib ilit y than s te n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l, as e v id e n c e d by
the fo llo w in g :
W o rk r e q u ir e s a h ig h d e g r e e o f s te n o g ra p h ic s p e e d and
a c c u r a c y ; a th o ro u g h w o rk in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s and o f f ic e p r o ­
c e d u re ; and o f th e s p e c ific b u s in e s s o p e r a tio n s , o r g a n iz a tio n , p o lic ie s ,
p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s , w o r k flo w , e tc . U s e s th is k n o w le d g e in p e r fo r m in g s te n o ­
g ra p h ic d u ties and r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l ta s k s such as m a in ta in in g f o l l o w ­
up f i l e s ; a s s e m b lin g m a t e r ia l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d a , and le t t e r s ; c o m ­
p o s in g s im p le le t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l in s tr u c tio n s ; r e a d in g and ro u tin g in c o m in g
m a il; and a n s w e r in g rou tin e q u e s tio n s , e tc .

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E T Y P I S T
P r i m a r y duty is to ty p e co p y o f v o ic e r e c o r d e d d ic ta tio n w h ich does
n ot in v o lv e v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such as th at u sed in
le g a l b r ie f s o r r e p o r ts on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h . M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w r itte n
co p y . M a y m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e la t iv e ly
ro u tin e c l e r i c a l ta s k s .
(S ee S te n o g ra p h e r d e fin itio n f o r w o r k e r s in v o lv e d
w ith sh orth an d d ic ta tio n .)

L e v e l o f s e c r e t a r y 's r e s p o n s ib ilit y
T Y P IS T
L R —1

LS—1____
LS—2____
LS—3____
LS—
4____

OR

C la s s
C la s s
C la s s
C la s s

E
D
C
B

L R —2
C la s s
C la s s
C la s s
C la s s

D
C
B
A

STENO G RAPH ER
P r i m a r y duty is to ta k e d ic ta tio n u sin g sh orth an d , and to t r a n s c r ib e
th e d ic ta tio n .
M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n cop y.
M a y o p e r a te f r o m a
s te n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
M a y o c c a s io n a lly t r a n s c r ib e f r o m v o ic e r e c o r d in g s ( i f
p r i m a r y duty is t r a n s c r ib in g f r o m r e c o r d in g s , s e e T r a n s c r ib in g - M a c h in e
T y p is t ).
N O T E : T h is jo b is d is tin g u is h e d f r o m th at o f a s e c r e t a r y in th at a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a lly w o r k s in a c o n fid e n tia l r e la tio n s h ip w ith o n ly on e m a n a g e r
o r e x e c u tiv e and p e r f o r m s m o r e r e s p o n s ib le and d is c r e t io n a r y ta s k s as
d e s c r ib e d in the s e c r e t a r y jo b d e fin itio n .

U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m ak e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls o r to m ak e
out b ills a ft e r c a lc u la tio n s h a ve b e en m a d e b y a n o th er p e rs o n . M a y in clu d e
ty p in g o f s t e n c ils , m a ts , o r s i m i l a r m a t e r ia ls f o r use in d u p lic a tin g
p ro c es s e s .
M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g li t t l e s p e c ia l tr a in in g , such
as k e e p in g s im p le r e c o r d s , f ilin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r tin g and
d is trib u tin g in c o m in g m a il.
C la s s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : T y p in g m a t e r ia l
in fin a l f o r m w h en it in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r ia l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r c o r r e c t s p e llin g , s y lla b ic a t io n , punctu ation , e t c ., o f t e c h ­
n ic a l o r unusual w o r d s o r f o r e ig n lan gu a ge m a t e r ia l; o r plan n in g layou t
and ty p in g o f c o m p lic a te d s t a t is t ic a l ta b le s to m a in ta in u n ifo r m ity and
b a la n c e in s p a c in g .
M a y ty p e ro u tin e f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y in g d e ta ils to suit
c ir c u m s ta n c e s .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : C opy ty p in g f r o m
ro u g h o r c le a r d r a ft s ; o r rou tin e ty p in g o f f o r m s , in s u ra n c e p o l i c i e s , e tc .;
o r s e ttin g up s im p le sta n d a rd ta b u la tio n s ; o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s
a lr e a d y s e t up and s p a c e d p r o p e r ly .
F IL E C L E R K

S te n o g r a p h e r , G e n e r a l

keep

D ic ta tio n in v o lv e s a n o r m a l ro u tin e v o c a b u la r y . M a y m a in ta in f i l e s ,
s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e la t iv e ly ro u tin e c l e r i c a l ta s k s .

F i l e s , c l a s s if ie s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r ia l in an e s ta b lis h e d f ilin g
s y s te m . M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and m an u a l ta s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in f i l e s .
P o s it io n s a r e c la s s ifie d in to l e v e ls on the b a s is o f th e fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .

FILE CLERK— Continued

ORDER CLERK— Continued

C la s s A . C la s s if ie s and in d e x e s f i l e m a t e r ia l such as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n ic a l d o c u m e n ts , e t c . , in an e s ta b lis h e d f ilin g s y s te m
c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b je ct m a t t e r f i l e s .
M a y a ls o f i l e th is
m a t e r ia l* TMay k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p e s in con ju n ctio n w ith the f ile s .
M a y le a d a s m a ll g ro u p o f lo w e r l e v e l f i l e c le r k s .

ad equ acy o f in fo r m a tio n r e c o r d e d ; a s c e r ta in in g c r e d it r a tin g o f c u s to m e r;
fu rn is h in g c u s to m e r w ith a c k n o w le d g e m e n t o f r e c e ip t o f o r d e r ; fo llo w in g - u p
to s e e that o r d e r is d e liv e r e d b y th e s p e c ifie d d ate o r to le t c u s to m e r know
o f a d e la y in d e liv e r y ; m a in ta in in g o r d e r f i l e ; c h e c k in g sh ip p in g in v o ic e
a g a in s t o r ig in a l o r d e r .

C la s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l b y s im p le
(s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d in gs o r p a r t ly c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l by f in e r su b h ead in gs.
P r e p a r e s s im p le r e la te d , in d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s .
A s re q u e s te d ,
lo c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n t ifie d m a t e r ia l in f i l e s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l. M a y p e r ­
f o r m r e la t e d c l e r i c a l ta s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v ic e f ile s .

E x c lu d e w o r k e r s p a id on a c o m m is s io n b a s is o r w h o s e d u ties in c lu d e
any o f th e f o llo w in g : R e c e iv in g o r d e r s f o r s e r v i c e s r a th e r than f o r m a t e r ia l
o r m e r c h a n d is e ; p r o v id in g c u s to m e rs w ith c o n s u lta tiv e a d v ic e u sin g k n o w l­
e d g e g a in e d f r o m e n g in e e r in g o r e x te n s iv e te c h n ic a l tr a in in g ; e m p h a s iz in g
s e llin g s k ills ; h a n d lin g m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e as an in t e g r a l p a r t o f th e jo b .

C la s s C . P e r f o r m s rou tin e filin g o f m a t e r ia l that has a lr e a d y been
c l a s s i fi e d o r w h ic h is e a s ily c la s s ifie d in a s im p le s e r ia l c la s s ific a t io n
s y s te m
(e . g . , a lp h a b e tic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r n u m e r ic a l).
As
r e q u e s te d ,
lo c a t e s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a t e r ia l in f ile s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l; and m a y
f i l l out w ith d ra w a l c h a r g e . M a y p e r f o r m s im p le c l e r ic a l and m an u a l ta s k s
r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

P o s it io n s
d e fin itio n s :

M ESSENGER
P e r f o r m s v a r io u s rou tin e d u ties such as running e r r a n d s , o p e r a tin g
m in o r o f f i c e m a c h in e s such as s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , op en in g and d is trib u tin g
m a il, and o t h e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x c lu d e p o s itio n s that r e q u ir e o p e r a tio n
o f a m o to r v e h ic le as a s ig n ific a n t duty.

are

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e ls

a c c o r d in g

to

the

fo llo w in g

C la s s A . H an d les o r d e r s th at in v o lv e m a k in g ju d g m e n ts such as
c h o o s in g w h ich s p e c if ic p ro d u c t o r m a t e r i a l f r o m th e e s ta b lis h m e n t's p ro d u c t
lin e s w i l l s a t is fy the c u s t o m e r 's n e e d s , o r d e te r m in in g the p r ic e to be qu oted
w h en p r ic in g in v o lv e s m o r e than m e r e l y r e f e r r i n g to a p r i c e l i s t o r m a k in g
s o m e s im p le m a th e m a tic a l c a lc u la tio n s .
C la s s B . H a n d les o r d e r s in v o lv in g ite m s w h ich h a ve r e a d ily id e n ­
t i f i e d uses and a p p lic a tio n s . M a y r e f e r to a c a ta lo g , m a n u fa c tu r e r 's m an u a l,
o r s im ila r d ocu m en t to in s u r e that p r o p e r it e m is s u p p lied o r to v e r i f y
p r ic e o f o r d e r e d ite m .
A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le used w ith a p r iv a t e
b ra n c h e x c h a n g e ( P B X ) s y s te m to re la y , in c o m in g , o u tg o in g , and in t r a s y s t e m
c a lls .
M a y p r o v id e in fo r m a tio n to c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and tr a n s m it m e s s a g e s ,
k e e p r e c o r d o f c a lls p la c e d and t o l l c h a r g e s . B e s id e s o p e r a tin g a te le p h o n e
s w itc h b o a r d o r c o n s o le , m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r f o r m rou tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k
(ty p in g o r ro u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y o c c u p y the m a jo r p o r tio n o f th e w o r k e r 's
t i m e , and is u s u a lly p e r f o r m e d w h ile at th e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le ). C h ie f o r
le a d o p e r a t o r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one o p e r a t o r a r e
e x c lu d e d . F o r an o p e r a t o r w ho a ls o a cts as a r e c e p t io n is t , s e e S w itc h b o a rd
O pe r ato r - R e c e p tio n i s t .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T
A t a s in g le - p o s it io n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le , a cts b oth as
an o p e r a t o r — s e e S w itc h b o a r d O p e r a t o r — and as a r e c e p tio n is t. R e c e p t io n is t 's
w o r k in v o lv e s such d u tie s as g r e e t in g v i s i t o r s ; d e te r m in in g n a tu re o f v i s i t o r 's
b u s in e s s and p r o v id in g a p p r o p r ia te in fo r m a tio n ; r e f e r r i n g v i s i t o r to a p p r o ­
p r ia t e p e r s o n in th e o r g a n iz a tio n o r c o n ta c tin g th at p e r s o n by te le p h o n e and
a r r a n g in g an a p p o in tm e n t; k e e p in g a lo g o f v is i t o r s .
ORDER CLERK
R e c e i v e s w r it t e n o r v e r b a l c u s t o m e r s ' p u rc h a s e o r d e r s f o r m a t e r ia l
o r m e r c h a n d is e f r o m c u s to m e r s o r s a le s p e o p le .
W o rk t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s
s o m e c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g d u tie s : Q u o tin g p r ic e s ; d e te r m in in g a v a ila ­
b i l i t y o f o r d e r e d ite m s and s u g g e s tin g s u b stitu tes w h en n e c e s s a r y ; a d v is in g
e x p e c te d d e l i v e r y d ate and m eth o d o f d e liv e r y ; r e c o r d in g o r d e r and c u s to m e r
in fo r m a tio n on o r d e r s h e e ts ; c h e c k in g o r d e r s h e e ts f o r a c c u r a c y and

P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e ac c ou n tin g c l e r i c a l ta s k s such as p o s tin g to
r e g is t e r s and le d g e r s ; r e c o n c ilin g bank a c c o u n ts ; v e r i f y i n g the in t e r n a l c o n ­
s is te n c y , c o m p le t e n e s s , and m a th e m a tic a l a c c u r a c y o f a c cou n tin g d ocu m en ts;
a s s ig n in g p r e s c r ib e d ac c o u n tin g d is tr ib u tio n c o d e s ; e x a m in in g and v e r if y i n g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a lc u la tio n s , p o s tin g ,
e t c .; o r p r e p a r in g s im p le o r a s s is tin g in p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p lic a te d jo u r n a l
vou ch ers.
M a y w o r k in e it h e r a m an u a l o r au tom a ted accou n tin g s y s te m .
T h e w o r k r e q u ir e s a k n o w le d g e o f c l e r i c a l m eth o d s and o f f ic e
p r a c t ic e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h ich r e la t e s to th e c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s in g and r e ­
c o r d in g o f tr a n s a c tio n s and accou n tin g in fo r m a tio n .
W ith e x p e r ie n c e , the
w o r k e r t y p ic a lly b e c o m e s f a m i l ia r w ith the b o o k k e e p in g and accou n tin g t e r m s
and p r o c e d u r e s u sed in th e a s s ig n e d w o r k , but is not r e q u ir e d to h a ve a
k n o w le d g e o f the f o r m a l p r in c ip le s o f b o o k k e e p in g and accou n tin g.
P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s :

a re

c l a s s i fi e d

in to

le v e ls

on the

b a s is

o f the fo llo w in g

C la s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s a ccou n tin g c l e r i c a l
o p e r a tio n s w h ic h r e q u ir e the a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m e n t, fo r
e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s in g c o m p lic a te d o r n o n r e p e tit iv e a ccou n tin g t r a n s ­
a c tio n s , s e le c tin g am on g a s u b s ta n tia l v a r i e t y o f p r e s c r ib e d a ccou n tin g cod es
and c la s s ific a t io n s , o r t r a c in g tr a n s a c tio n s th ro u g h p r e v io u s a ccou n tin g
a c tio n s to d e te r m in e s o u r c e o f d is c r e p a n c ie s .
M a y b e a s s is te d b y one o r
m o r e c la s s B ac c o u n tin g c le r k s .
C la s s B . U n d e r c lo s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tr u c tio n s
and s ta n d a rd iz e d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e rou tin e a ccou n tin g
c l e r i c a l o p e r a tio n s , such as p o s tin g to l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o rk s h e e ts

ACCOUNTING CLERK— Continued

MACHINE BILLER — Continued

w h e r e id e n tific a tio n o f ite m s and lo c a tio n s o f p o s tin g s a r e c l e a r ly in d ic a te d ;
c h eck in g a c c u r a c y and c o m p le te n e s s o f s ta n d a rd iz e d and r e p e t it iv e r e c o r d s
o r accou n tin g d ocu m en ts; and cod in g d ocu m en ts u sing a fe w p r e s c r ib e d
a ccou n tin g co d e s .

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e b i l l e r . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (w ith o r
w ith ou t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s to m e r s ' b ills as p a r t o f the
accou n ts r e c e iv a b le o p e r a tio n . G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s th e s im u ltan eo u s e n tr y o f
fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u to m a tic a lly a ccu m u la tes
fig u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l colu m n s and com p u tes and u s u a lly p rin ts
a u to m a tic a lly th e d e b it o r c r e d it b a la n c e s .
D oes not in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e
o f b o o k k e e p in g .
W o rk s f r o m u n ifo rm
and sta n d a rd ty p e s o f s a le s and
c r e d it s lip s .

B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a te s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (w ith o r w ith ou t a t y p e w r it e r k e y ­
b o a r d ) to k e ep a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s trams a c tio n s .

P A Y R O L L CLERK
C la s s A . K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n o w le d g e o f and
e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic b o o k k e e p in g p r in c ip le s , and f a m ilia r it y w ith the s tr u c tu r e
o f the p a r t ic u la r a ccou n tin g s y s te m used.
D e te r m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d is tr ib u tio n o f d eb it and c r e d it ite m s to be used in e a c h p hase o f the w o rk .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , balam ce s h e e ts , and o th e r r e c o r d s b y hand.
C la s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h ases o r s e c tio n s o f a
s e t o f r e c o r d s u su a lly r e q u ir in g lit t le k n o w le d g e o f b a s ic b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s
o r s e c tio n s in c lu d e accou n ts p a y a b le , p a y r o ll, c u s t o m e r s ' accou n ts (not in ­
c lu d in g a s im p le ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d u n der m a c h in e b i l l e r ) , c o s t d is ­
tr ib u tio n , e x p e n s e d is trib u tio n , in v e n t o r y c o n tr o l, e tc . M a y ch eck o r a s s is t
in p r e p a r a tio n o f t r i a l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n tr o l s h e e ts f o r th e accou n tin g
d e p a rtm e n t.
M A C H IN E B I L L E R
P r e p a r e s s ta te m e n ts , b ills , and in v o ic e s on a m a c h in e o th e r than
an o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a t ic t y p e w r it e r . M a y a ls o k e e p r e c o r d s as to b illin g s
o r sh ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l w o rk in c id e n ta l to b illin g
o p e r a tio n s . F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e b i l l e r s a r e c la s s ifie d b y ty p e
o f m a c h in e , as fo llo w s :
B illin g - m a c h in e b i l l e r . U s e s a s p e c ia l b illin g m a ch in e (c o m b in a tio n
ty p in g and adding m a c h in e ) to p r e p a r e b ills and in v o ic e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s '
p u rc h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , sh ip p in g m e m o r a n d a , e tc .
U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a tio n o f p r e d e te r m in e d d isco u n ts and s h ip p in g c h a r g e s
and e n tr y o f n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y not be com p u ted on
th e b illin g m a c h in e , and to ta ls w h ich a r e a u to m a tic a lly a c c u m u la te d b y
m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a tio n u s u a lly in v o lv e s a la r g e n u m b e r o f c a rb o n c o p ie s o f
th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d and is o fte n done on a fa n fo ld m a c h in e .

P e r f o r m s the c l e r i c a l ta s k s n e c e s s a r y to p r o c e s s p a y r o lls and to
m a in t a in 'p a y r o ll r e c o r d s . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P r o c e s s in g
w o r k e r s ' t im e o r p ro d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; a d ju s tin g w o r k e r s ' r e c o r d s f o r changes
in w a g e r a t e s , s u p p le m e n ta ry b e n e fits , o r -tax d e d u ction s ; e d itin g p a y r o ll
lis tin g s a g a in s t s o u r c e r e c o r d s ; t r a c in g and c o r r e c t in g e r r o r s in lis tin g s ;
and a s s is tin g in p r e p a r a tio n o f p e r io d ic s u m m a r y p a y r o ll r e p o r ts . In a nona u tom a ted p a y r o ll s y s te m , com p u tes w a g e s . W o r k m a y r e q u ir e a p r a c t ic a l
k n o w le d g e o f g o v e r n m e n ta l r e g u la t io n s , com p an y p a y r o ll p o lic y , o r the
c o m p u te r s y s te m f o r p r o c e s s in g p a y r o lls .
KEYPUNCH O PERATO R
O p e r a te s a keyp u n ch m a c h in e to r e c o r d o r v e r i f y
n u m e r ic data on ta b u la tin g c a rd s o r on ta p e .
P o s it io n s
d e fin itio n s :

a re

c la s s ifie d

into le v e l s

on the

a lp h a b e tic an d/or

b a s is o f the fo llo w in g

C la s s A . W o rk r e q u ir e s th e a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d gm en t
in s e le c tin g p r o c e d u r e s to be fo llo w e d and in s e a rc h in g f o r , in t e r p r e tin g ,
s e le c t in g , o r c o d in g ite m s to be k eyp u n ch ed f r o m a v a r ie t y o f s o u rc e
d oc u m e n ts .
On o c c a s io n m a y a ls o p e r f o r m s o m e rou tin e keypunch w o rk .
M a y t r a in in e x p e r ie n c e d keyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B . W o r k is rou tin e and r e p e t it iv e . U n d e r c lo s e s u p e r v is io n
o r fo llo w in g s p e c if ic p r o c e d u r e s o r in s tr u c tio n s , w o rk s f r o m v a r io u s stan d ­
a r d iz e d s o u r c e d ocu m en ts w h ich h a ve b e en c o d e d , and fo llo w s s p e c ifie d
p r o c e d u r e s w h ich h a ve b e en p r e s c r ib e d in d e ta il and r e q u ir e l i t t le o r no
s e le c t in g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e tin g o f data to be r e c o r d e d .
R e fe r s to su ­
p e r v i s o r p r o b le m s
a r is in g f r o m e r r o n e o u s ite m s o r cod es o r m is s in g
in fo r m a tio n .

Professional and Technical
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U S IN E S S

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U S IN E S S — C ontinued

A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b le m s to fo r m u la te p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g
th e m by use o f e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e q u ip m en t. D e v e lo p s a c o m p le te
d e s c r ip tio n o f a ll s p e c ific a tio n s n e e d e d to e n a b le p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u ir e d d ig it a l c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g :
A n a ly z e s s u b je c t - m a t te r o p e r a tio n s to b e au tom ated and id e n tifie s con d ition s
and c r i t e r i a r e q u ir e d to a c h ie v e s a t is fa c t o r y r e s u lt s ; s p e c ifie s n u m b e r and
ty p es o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d ocu m en ts to be used ; o u tlin e s a c tio n s to be
p e r fo r m e d by p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u te rs in s u ffic ie n t d e ta il f o r p re s e n ta tio n
to m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m in g (t y p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p r e p a r a tio n o f
w o rk and d ata flo w c h a r ts ); c o o rd in a te s th e d e v e lo p m e n t o f te s t p r o b le m s and

p a r tic ip a te s in t r i a l runs o f new and r e v is e d s y s te m s ; and re c o m m e n d s
e q u ip m en t chan ges to ob ta in m o r e e f fe c t i v e o v e r a l l o p e r a tio n s .
(N O T E :
W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g should be
c la s s ifie d as s y s te m s a n a ly s ts i f th is is th e s k ill u sed to d e te rm in e t h e ir p a y .)

D o e s not in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s ib le f o r th e m a n ­
a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o th e r e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s ,
o r s y s te m s a n a ly s ts p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n t ific o r e n g in e e r in g
p r o b le m s .

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS— Continued

COMPUTER PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS— Continued

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , s y s te m s a n a ly s ts a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :
C la s s A . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n der o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s in v o lv in g a ll p h a s e s o f s y s te m s a n a ly s is . P r o b le m s a r e
c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d iv e r s e s o u r c e s o f input data and m u ltip le - u s e r e q u ir e ­
m en ts o f output d ata.
( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s am in t e g r a te d p ro d u c tio n
s c h e d u lin g , in v e n t o r y c o n tr o l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in
w h ich e v e r y it e m o f e a c h ty p e is a u to m a tic a lly p r o c e s s e d th ro u g h th e fu ll
s y s te m o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r ia t e fo llo w u p a c tio n s a r e in it ia te d b y th e
c o m p u te r .) C o n fe r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e te r m in e the d ata p r o c e s s in g
p r o b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e im p lic a t io n s o f n e w o r
r e v i s e d s y s te m s o f d ata p r o c e s s in g o p e r a tio n s . M a k e s r e c o m m e n d a tio n s , i f
n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a jo r s y s te m s in s ta lla tio n s o r ch an ges and f o r
o b ta in in g e q u ip m en t.
M a y p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l
w ho a r e a s s ig n e d to a s s is t .

d ir e c t io n

to lo w e r

le v e l

s y s te m s

p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s tr u c tio n s f o r o p e r a tin g p e r s o n n e l d u rin g p ro d u c tio n
run; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lt e r s p r o g r a m s to in c r e a s e o p e r a tin g e f f i ­
c ie n c y o r adapt to n e w r e q u ir e m e n ts ; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s o f p r o g r a m d e ­
v e lo p m e n t and r e v is io n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m in g b oth s y s te m s a n a l­
y s is and p r o g r a m m in g shou ld b e c l a s s i f i e d as s y s te m s a n a ly s ts i f th is is
th e s k ill u sed to d e te r m in e t h e ir p a y .)
D o e s n ot in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s ib le f o r th e m a n ­
a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o t h e r e le c t r o n ic d a ta p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s ,
o r p r o g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n t if ic an d/ or e n g in e e r in g
p r o b le m s .
F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s ,

p ro gra m m ers

a r e c l a s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

a n a ly s ts

C la s s B . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
p r o b le m s th at a r e r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p lic a te d to a n a ly z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , and
o p e r a te . P r o b le m s a r e o f lim it e d c o m p le x ity b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input d ata
a r e h o m o g e n eo u s and th e output data a r e c lo s e ly r e la te d .
( F o r e x a m p le ,
d e v e lo p s s y s te m s f o r m a in ta in in g d e p o s ito r a ccou n ts in a bank, m a in ta in in g
accou n ts
r e c e iv a b le in a r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n t, o r m a in ta in in g in v e n t o r y
accou n ts in a m a n u fa c tu rin g o r w h o le s a le e s ta b lis h m e n t.)
C o n fe r s w ith
p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e te r m in e th e d ata p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s
s u b je c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e im p lic a t io n s o f th e d ata p r o c e s s in g s y s te m s
to be a p p lie d .
OR
W o r k s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s in g s c h e m e o r s y s te m ,
as d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly on ro u tin e a s s ig n m e n ts and
r e c e i v e s in s tr u c tio n and g u id a n c e on c o m p le x a s s ig n m e n ts . W o r k is r e v ie w e d
f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t, c o m p lia n c e w ith in s tr u c tio n s , and to in s u r e
p r o p e r a lig n m e n t w ith th e o v e r a l l s y s te m .
C la s s C . W o rk s u n d er im m e d ia te s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y in g out a n a ly s e s
as a s s ig n e d , u s u a lly o f a s in g le a c t iv it y . A s s ig n m e n ts a r e ^designed to d e v e lo p
and exp an d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r ie n c e in th e a p p lic a tio n o f p r o c e d u r e s and s k ills
r e q u ir e d f o r s y s te m s a n a ly s is w o r k . F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s is t a h ig h e r l e v e l
s y s te m s a n a ly s t b y p r e p a r in g th e d e ta ile d s p e c ific a tio n s r e q u ir e d b y p r o ­
g r a m m e r s f r o m ir ifo r m a tio n d e v e lo p e d b y th e h ig h e r l e v e l a n a ly s t.
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B U S IN E S S
C o n v e r ts s ta te m e n ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b le m s , t y p ic a lly p r e p a r e d b y a
s y s te m s a n a ly s t, in to a s e q u e n c e o f d e ta ile d in s tr u c tio n s w h ic h a r e r e ­
q u ir e d to s o lv e th e p r o b le m s b y a u to m a tic d ata p r o c e s s in g eq u ip m en t.
W o r k in g f r o m c h a rts o r d ia g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s th e p r e ­
c is e in s tr u c tio n s w h ic h , w h en e n te r e d in to th e c o m p u te r s y s te m in c o d e d
la n g u a g e , c a u se th e m a n ip u la tio n o f d ata to a c h ie v e d e s ir e d r e s u lt s .
W o rk
in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : A p p lie s k n o w le d g e o f c o m p u te r c a p a ­
b i l i t i e s , m a th e m a tic s , lo g ic e m p lo y e d b y c o m p u te r s , and p a r t ic u la r su b ­
j e c t m a t t e r in v o lv e d to a n a ly z e c h a rts and d ia g r a m s o f th e p r o b le m to
b e p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s s e q u e n c e o f p r o g r a m s te p s ; w r it e s d e ta ile d flo w
c h a rts to show o r d e r in w h ic h d ata w i l l b e p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r ts th e s e
c h a rts to c o d e d in s tr u c tio n s f o r m a c h in e to fo llo w ; te s ts and c o r r e c t s

C la s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n
on c o m p le x p r o b le m s w h ic h r e q u ir e c o m p e te n c e in a l l p h a s e s o f p r o ­
g r a m m in g c o n c e p ts and p r a c t ic e s .
W o r k in g f r o m
d ia g r a m s and c h a rts
w h ich id e n tify the n a tu re o f d e s ir e d r e s u lt s , m a j o r p r o c e s s in g s te p s to
b e a c c o m p lis h e d , and th e r e la tio n s h ip s b e tw e e n v a r io u s s te p s o f th e p r o b ­
le m s o lv in g ro u tin e ; p la n s th e fu ll r a n g e o f p r o g r a m m in g a c tio n s h e e d e d
to e f f ic ie n t ly u t iliz e th e c o m p u te r s y s te m in a c h ie v in g d e s ir e d en d p ro d u c ts .
A t th is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m in g is d iffic u lt b e c a u s e c o m p u te r e q u ip ­
m e n t m u st b e o r g a n iz e d to p ro d u c e s e v e r a l in t e r r e la t e d but d i v e r s e p r o d ­
u cts f r o m n u m erou s and d i v e r s e data e le m e n t s .
A w id e v a r i e t y and e x ­
te n s iv e n u m b e r o f in t e r n a l p r o c e s s in g a c tio n s m u s t o c c u r .
T h is r e q u ir e s
such a c tio n s as d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a tio n s w h ic h can b e r e ­
u s e d , e s ta b lis h m e n t o f lin k a g e p o in ts b e tw e e n o p e r a tio n s , ad ju s tm e n ts to
d ata w h en p r o g r a m r e q u ir e m e n ts e x c e e d c o m p u te r s t o r a g e c a p a c ity , and
s u b s ta n tia l m a n ip u la tio n and r e s e q u e n c in g o f d ata e le m e n ts to f o r m a
h ig h ly in t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .
M a y p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l d ir e c t io n
a r e a s s ig n e d to a s s is t .

to lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s who

C la s s B . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
r e la t iv e ly s im p le p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le 'S egm en ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n ts ) u s u a lly p r o c e s s in fo r m a tio n to p ro d u c e d ata in tw o
o r t h r e e v a r ie d s e q u e n c e s o r fo r m a t s . R e p o r t s and lis t in g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y
r e fin in g , a d a p tin g, a r r a y in g , o r m a k in g m in o r a d d itio n s to o r d e le tio n s f r o m
input d ata w h ich a r e r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m e ro u s r e c o r d s m a y b e
p r o c e s s e d , th e d ata h a v e b e e n r e fin e d in p r i o r a c tio n s so that th e a c c u r a c y
and s e q u e n c in g o f d ata can b e te s t e d b y u sin g a fe w ro u tin e c h e c k s . T y p i c a l l y ,
th e p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith ro u tin e r e c o r d k e e p in g o p e r a tio n s .

OR

W o r k s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (as d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A ) u n der
c lo s e d ir e c t io n o f a h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s is t
h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r b y in d e p e n d e n tly p e r f o r m in g le s s d if fic u lt ta s k s
a s s ig n e d , and p e r f o r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt ta s k s u n d e r f a i r l y c lo s e d ir e c t io n .

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN— Continued

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN— Continued

T h is c la s s ific a t io n e x c lu d e s r e p a ir e r s o f such sta n d a rd e le c t r o n ic
e q u ip m en t as c o m m o n o f f ic e m a c h in e s and h o u s e h o ld r a d io and t e le v is io n
s e ts ; p ro d u c tio n a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y duty is
s e r v ic in g e le c t r o n ic te s t in s tr u m e n ts ; te c h n ic ia n s w h o h a ve a d m in is tr a tiv e
o r s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y ; and d r a ft e r s , d e s ig n e r s , and p r o fe s s io n a l
e n g in e e r s .

R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l g u id a n c e , as r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l te c h n ic ia n , and w o r k is r e v ie w e d f o r s p e c if ic c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d
p r a c t ic e s and w o r k a s s ig n m e n ts .
M a y p r o v id e te c h n ic a l gu id an ce to lo w e r
l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s .

P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s :

a re

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e ls

on th e b a s is o f the fo llo w in g

C la s s A . A p p lie s ad v a n c e d te c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e unusually
c o m p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e . , th o s e that t y p ic a lly cannot be s o lv e d s o le ly by
r e fe r e n c e to m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m an u als o r s im ila r d o c u m e n ts ) in w o r k in g on
e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m en t.
E x a m p le s o f such p r o b le m s in clu d e lo c a tio n and
d e n s ity o f c ir c u i t r y , e le c t r o m a g n e t ic r a d ia tio n , is o la t in g m a lfu n c tio n s , and
fre q u e n t e n g in e e r in g c h a n ge s .
W o rk in v o lv e s :
A d e ta ile d u n d ersta n d in g o f
the in t e r r e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s ; e x e r c is in g in d ep en d en t ju d g m e n t in p e r ­
fo r m in g such ta s k s as m a k in g c ir c u it a n a ly s e s , c a lc u la tin g w a v e f o r m s ,
tr a c in g r e la tio n s h ip s in s ig n a l flo w ; and r e g u la r ly using c o m p le x te s t in ­
s tru m e n ts ( e . g . , dual t r a c e o s c illo s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia tio n m e t e r s ,
p u ls e g e n e r a t o r s ).
W o r k m a y b e r e v ie w e d b y s u p e r v is o r (fr e q u e n tly an e n g in e e r o r
d e s ig n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d p r a c t ic e s .
M a y p r o v id e
te c h n ic a l gu id a n ce to lo w e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s .
C la s s B . A p p lie s c o m p r e h e n s iv e te c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e c o m ­
p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e . , th o s e th at t y p ic a lly can b e s o lv e d s o le ly b y p r o p e r ly
in t e r p r e t in g m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m an u a ls o r s im ila r d o c u m e n ts ) in w o rk in g on
e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m en t. W o r k in v o lv e s : A f a m ilia r it y w ith th e in t e r r e la t io n ­
ship s o f c ir c u it s ; and ju d g m e n t in d e te r m in in g w o r k s e q u e n c e and in s e le c tin g
to o ls and te s tin g in s tr u m e n ts , u s u a lly le s s c o m p le x than th o s e u sed b y the
c la s s A te c h n ic ia n .

C la s s C . A p p lie s w o rk in g t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to p e r f o r m s im p le o r
rou tin e ta s k s in w o r k in g on e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m e n t, fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in ­
s tru c tio n s w h ic h c o v e r v ir t u a lly a ll p r o c e d u r e s . W o r k t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s such
ta s k s as: A s s is t in g h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s b y p e r fo r m in g such a c t iv it ie s as
r e p la c in g c o m p o n e n ts , w ir in g c ir c u it s , and ta k in g te s t r e a d in g s ; r e p a ir in g
s im p le e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m en t; and u sin g to o ls and c o m m o n t e s t in s tru m e n ts
(e . g . , m u lt im e t e r s , audio s ig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tube t e s t e r s , o s c illo s c o p e s ). Is
not r e q u ir e d to b e f a m ilia r w ith th e in t e r r e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s .
T h is
k n o w le d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y b e a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a s s ig n m e n ts d e s ig n e d to in ­
c r e a s e c o m p e te n c e (in c lu d in g c la s s r o o m t r a in in g ) so th at w o r k e r can ad van ce
to h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n .
R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l g u id a n c e , as r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l te c h n ic ia n .
W o r k is t y p ic a lly spot c h e c k e d , but is g iv e n d e ta ile d
r e v ie w w h en n ew o r a d va n ced a s s ig n m e n ts a r e in v o lv e d .
R E G IS T E R E D I N D U S T R I A L N U R S E
A r e g is t e r e d n u rs e who g iv e s n u rs in g s e r v i c e u n der g e n e r a l m e d ic a l
d ir e c t io n to i l l o r in ju r e d e m p lo y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e i l l o r
s u ffe r an a c c id e n t on th e p r e m is e s o f a fa c t o r y o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
D u ties in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t aid to th e i l l o r
in ju re d ; a tten d in g to su bsequ ent d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k e e p in g
r e c o r d s o f p a tie n ts tr e a te d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r ts f o r c o m p e n s a tio n o r
o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s is tin g in p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s and h e a lth e v a lu a tio n s o f
a p p lic a n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and p lan n in g and c a r r y in g out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g
h e a lth ed u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n tio n , e v a lu a tio n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t, o r
o th e r a c t iv it ie s a ffe c t in g the h e a lth , w e l f a r e , and s a fe ty o f a ll p e rs o n n e l.
N u rs in g s u p e r v is o r s o r h ead n u rs e s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than
on e n u rs e a r e e x c lu d e d .

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant
M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R

M A I N T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N — C ontinu ed

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n tr y d u ties n e c e s s a r y to c o n s tru c t and m a in ta in
in g ood r e p a ir b u ild in g w o o d w o r k and eq u ip m en t such as b in s , c r ib s , c o u n te rs ,
b e n c h e s , p a r titio n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a ir s , c a s in g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o od
in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P la n n in g and
la y in g out o f w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tr u c tio n s ;
using a v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d to o ls , p o r ta b le p o w e r t o o ls , and sta n d a rd
m e a s u rin g in s tr u m e n ts ; m a k in g s ta n d a rd shop com p u tatio n s r e la tin g to
d im e n s io n s o f w o rk ; and s e le c tin g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y f o r the w o rk .
In
g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n te r r e q u ir e s roun ded tr a in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

eq u ip m en t such as
g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w itc h b o a rd s , c o n t r o lle r s ,
c ir c u it b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n its, con du it s y s te m s , o r o th e r t r a n s ­
m is s io n eq u ip m en t; w o r k in g f r o m b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , la y o u ts , o r o th e r
s p e c ific a tio n s ; lo c a t in g and d ia g n o s in g tr o u b le in th e e l e c t r i c a l s y s te m o r
eq u ip m en t; w o r k in g sta n d a rd c o m p u tatio n s r e la tin g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n ts o f
w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m en t; and u sin g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d too ls
and m e a s u rin g and te s tin g in s tr u m e n ts . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in ­
te n a n c e e le c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d
th ro u gh a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E P A IN T E R
M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R IC IA N
P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n ction s such as the in ­
s ta lla tio n , m a in te n a n c e , o r r e p a ir o f e q u ip m en t f o r th e g e n e r a tio n , d i s t r i ­
b u tion , o r u tiliz a tio n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s
m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : In s ta llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic a l

P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , and fix tu r e s o f am e s ta b ­
lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s the f o llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r fa c e p e c u lia r it ie s
and ty p e s o f p a in t r e q u ir e d f o r d iffe r e n t a p p lic a tio n s ; p r e p a r in g s u r fa c e f o r
p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p la c in g putty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o le s

MAINTENANCE PAINTER— Continued

MAINTENANCE PIPEFITTER

and i n t e r s t ic e s ; and a p p lyin g p a in t w ith s p r a y gun o r b ru sh . M a y m ix c o lo r s ,
o i l s , w h ite le a d , and o th e r p a in t in g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n ­
s is te n c y . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p a in te r r e q u ir e s rou n ded
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

In s ta lls o r r e p a ir s w a t e r , s te a m , g a s , o r o t h e r ty p e s o f p ip e and
p ip e fitt in g s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : L a y in g
out w o r k and m e a s u r in g to lo c a t e p o s itio n o f p ip e f r o m d ra w in g s o r o th e r
w r itte n s p e c ific a t io n s ; cuttin g v a r io u s s iz e s o f p ip e to c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith
c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e t o r c h o r p ip e - c u ttin g m a c h in e s ; th re a d in g
p ip e w ith stocK s and d ie s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n
m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g p ip e w ith co u p lin gs and fa s te n in g p ip e to h a n g e rs ;
m a k in g s ta n d a rd shop com p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f
p ip e r e q u ir e d ; and m a k in g s ta n d a rd te s ts to d e te rm in e w h e th e r fin is h e d p ip es
m e e t s p e c ific a t io n s .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p ip e fit t e r
r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
W o rk e rs p r im a r ily
e n g a g e d in in s ta llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g s a n ita tio n o r h eatin g s y s te m s
a r e e x c lu d e d .

M A I N T E N A N C E M A C H IN IS T
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r ts and n ew p a r ts in m ak in g r e p a ir s o f
m e t a l p a r ts o f m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m en t o p e r a te d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In te r p r e tin g w r it t e n in s tr u c tio n s and s p e c if ic a ­
tio n s ; p lan n in g and la y in g out o f w o r k ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in is t's h an d tools
and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tr u m e n ts ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a tin g s ta n d a rd
m a c h in e t o o ls ; shapin g o f m e t a l p a r ts t o c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; m a k in g sta n d a rd
shop com p u tatio n s r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , to o lin g , fe e d s , and s p eed s
o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f the w o r k in g p r o p e r t ie s o f th e co m m o n m e t a ls ;
s e le c tin g s ta n d a rd m a t e r ia ls , p a r ts , and e q u ip m en t r e q u ir e d f o r th is w o rk ;
and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a r ts in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m en t. In g e n e r a l, th e
m a c h in is t's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rou n ded t r a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p
p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M A I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M A C H IN E R Y )
R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m en t o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l
eq u ip m en t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d is m a n tlin g o r p a r tly d is m a n tlin g
m a c h in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s th at m a in ly in v o lv e th e use o f h a n d tools in
s c r a p in g and fittin g p a r ts ; r e p la c in g b ro k e n o r d e fe c t iv e p a r ts w ith ite m s
o b ta in e d f r o m s to c k ; o r d e r in g th e p ro d u c tio n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t by a
m a c h in e shop o r sen d in g th e m a c h in e to a m a c h in e shop f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s ;
p r e p a r in g w r itte n s p e c ific a tio n s f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r f o r the p ro d u c tio n o f
p a r ts o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e sh o p s; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m a k in g a ll
n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm en ts f o r o p e r a tio n .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f a m a c h in e r y
m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly
a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x ­
p e r ie n c e .
E x c lu d e d f r o m th is c la s s ific a t io n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y
d u ties in v o lv e s e ttin g up o r a d ju s tin g m a c h in e s .

M A I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M O T O R V E H I C L E )
R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o to r tr u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s ta b ­
lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u to m o tiv e
eq u ip m en t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g e qu ip m en t and p e r ­
fo r m in g r e p a ir s th at in v o lv e th e use o f such h a n d too ls as w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s ,
d r i l l s , o r s p e c ia liz e d e q u ip m en t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a r ts ; r e p la c in g
b ro k e n o r d e fe c t iv e p a r ts f r o m s to c k ; g rin d in g and a d ju stin g v a lv e s ; r e ­
a s s e m b lin g and in s ta llin g th e v a r io u s a s s e m b lie s in th e v e h ic le and m a k in g
n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts ; and a lig n in g w h e e ls , a d ju s tin g b ra k e s and lig h t s , o r
tig h te n in g b od y b o lts . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m o t o r v e h ic le m a in te n a n c e
m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh
a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
T h is c la s s ific a t io n d oes not in c lu d e m e c h a n ic s w ho r e p a ir c u s to m e rs '
v e h ic le s in a u to m o b ile r e p a ir sh ops.

M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R
F a b r ic a t e s , in s t a lls , and m a in ta in s in g o o d r e p a ir the s h e e t- m e t a l
e q u ip m en t and fix tu r e s (su ch as m a c h in e g u a rd s , g r e a s e p an s, s h e lv e s ,
lo c k e r s , ta n k s, v e n t ila t o r s , ch u tes, d u c ts , m e t a l r o o fin g ) o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : P la n n in g and la y in g out a ll ty p e s o f
s h e e t- m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in ts , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a ­
tio n s ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a tin g a ll a v a ila b le ty p e s o f s h e e t- m e t a l w o rk in g
m a c h in e s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f h a n d too ls in c u ttin g, b e n d in g , fo r m in g , sh ap in g,
fit t in g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s ta llin g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t ic le s as r e q u ir e d . In
g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s rou n ded
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M IL L W R IG H T
In s ta lls n e w m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m en t, and d is m a n tle s and
in s ta lls m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m en t w h en ch an ges in the plant la y o u t a r e
r e q u ir e d . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : P la n n in g and la y in g out w o rk ;
in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p rin ts o r o th e r s p e c ific a t io n s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f h a n d tools
and r ig g in g ; m a k in g sta n d a rd shop com p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to s t r e s s e s , s tr e n g th
o f m a t e r ia ls , and c e n te r s o f g r a v it y ; a lig n in g and b a la n cin g e q u ip m en t;
s e le c tin g s ta n d a rd t o o ls , e q u ip m e n t, and p a r ts to b e u sed ; and in s ta llin g and
m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r tr a n s m is s io n e q u ip m en t such as d r iv e s and
sp eed re d u c e rs .
In g e n e r a l, th e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a
rou n ded t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R
A s s is t s on e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e sk illed - m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , by
p e r fo r m in g s p e c ific o r g e n e r a l d u ties o f l e s s e r s k ill, such as k e e p in g a
w o r k e r s u p p lied w ith m a t e r ia ls and t o o ls ; c le a n in g w o rk in g a r e a , m a c h in e ,
and e q u ip m en t; a s s is tin g jo u rn e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls o r t o o ls ; and
p e r fo r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d ta s k s as d ir e c t e d b y jo u rn e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f
w o r k th e h e lp e r is p e r m it t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m tr a d e to tr a d e :
In
s o m e tr a d e s th e h e lp e r is c o n fin e d to s u p p ly in g , l if t in g , and h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls
and t o o ls , and d e e m in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; and in o th e rs he is p e r m it t e d to
p e r f o r m s p e c ia liz e d m a c h in e o p e r a tio n s , o r p a r ts o f a t r a d e that a r e a ls o
p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a f u ll - t i m e b a s is .

M ACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR (TOOLROOM)

T O O L AND DIE M AK ER — Continued

S p e c ia liz e s in o p e r a tin g on e o r m o r e than one ty p e o f m a c h in e
t o o l ( e . g . , j i g b o r e r , g rin d in g m a c h in e , en g in e la th e r , m illin g m a c h in e ) to
m a c h in e m e t a l f o r use in m a k in g o r m a in ta in in g j i g s , f ix t u r e s , c u ttin g t o o ls ,
g a u g e s , o r m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s u sed in shapin g o r fo r m in g m e t a l o r
n o n m e ta llic m a t e r i a l (e . g . , p la s t ic , p la s t e r , ru b b e r , g la s s ).
W o r k t y p ic a lly
in v o l v e s : P la n n in g and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m a c h in in g o p e r a tio n s w h ich
r e q u ir e c o m p lic a te d setu p s o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; s e ttin g up m a c h in e
t o o l o r to o ls ( e . g . , in s t a ll cu ttin g to o ls and ad ju st g u id e s , s to p s , w o rk in g
t a b le s , and o t h e r c o n tr o ls to handle th e s iz e o f s to c k to be m a c h in e d ;
d e te r m in e p r o p e r f e e d s , s p e e d s , to o lin g , and o p e r a tio n s e q u e n c e o r s e le c t
th o s e p r e s c r ib e d in d r a w in g s , b lu e p r in ts , o r la y o u ts ); u sin g a v a r ie t y o f
p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts d u rin g
m a c h in in g o p e r a tio n to a c h ie v e r e q u is ite d im e n s io n s to v e r y c lo s e t o le r a n c e s .
M a y be r e q u ir e d to s e le c t p r o p e r c o o la n ts and cu ttin g and lu b r ic a tin g o ils ,
to r e c o g n iz e w h en to o ls n e e d d r e s s in g , and to d r e s s t o o ls . In g e n e r a l, the
w o r k o f a m a c h in e - to o l o p e r a t o r (t o o lr o o m ) at th e s k ill l e v e l c a lle d f o r in
th is c la s s ific a t io n r e q u ir e s e x te n s iv e k n o w le d g e o f m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o l ­
r o o m p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh c o n s id e r a b le o n - th e - jo b tr a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .

s e ttin g up and o p e r a tin g v a r io u s m a c h in e to o ls and r e la t e d e q u ip m en t; using
v a r io u s t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's h a n d too ls and p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ;
w o r k in g to v e r y c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; h e a t - t r e a t in g m e t a l p a r ts and fin is h e d to o ls
and d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a litie s ; fit t in g and a s s e m b lin g p a r ts to p r e ­
s c r ib e d to le r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l, th e t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's
w o r k r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c t ic e
u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .

F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , th is c la s s ific a t io n d oes not
in c lu d e m a c h in e - to o l o p e r a t o r s (t o o lr o o m ) e m p lo y e d in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g
sh ops.
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
C o n s tru c ts and r e p a ir s j i g s , fix t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o ls , g a u g e s , o r
m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s u sed in shap in g o r fo r m in g m e t a l o r n o n m e ta llic
m a t e r i a l (e . g . , p la s t ic , p la s t e r , r u b b e r , g la s s ).
W o rk t y p ic a lly i n v o lv e s :
P l a n n i n g and la y in g out w o r k a c c o r d in g to m o d e ls , b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , o r
o th e r w r it t e n o r o r a l s p e c ific a t io n s ; u n d ersta n d in g th e w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s o f
c o m m o n m e t a ls
and a llo y s ; s e le c tin g a p p r o p r ia te m a t e r ia ls , t o o ls , and
p r o c e s s e s r e q u ir e d to c o m p le te ta s k ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y shop co m p u ta tio n s ;

F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , th is c la s s ific a t io n d oes not
in c lu d e t o o l and d ie m a k e r s w h o (1 ) a r e e m p lo y e d in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g
shops o r (2 ) p ro d u c e fo r g in g d ie s (d ie s in k e r s ).
S T A T I O N A R Y E N G IN E E R
O p e r a te s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e th e o p e r a tio n o f
s ta tio n a r y e n g in e s and e q u ip m en t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to su p p ly the
e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , h e a t, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r c o n d itio n in g . W o r k in v o lv e s : O p e ra tin g and m a in ta in in g e q u ip m en t such as
s te a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , tu r b in e s , v e n tila tin g
and r e f r ig e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t, s te a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p um ps;
m a k in g e q u ip m en t r e p a ir s ; and k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a tio n o f m a c h in e r y ,
t e m p e r a tu r e , and fu e l c on su m p tio n .
M a y a ls o s u p e r v is e th e s e o p e r a tio n s .
H ea d o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one e n g in e e r
a r e e x c lu d e d .
B O IL E R T E N D E R
F i r e s s ta tio n a r y b o ile r s to fu r n is h the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m ­
p lo y e d w ith h ea t, p o w e r , o r s te a m .
F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e b y hand o r
o p e r a te s a m e c h a n ic a l s to k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; and ch eck s w a t e r and
s a fe ty v a lv e s . M a y c le a n , o i l , o r a s s is t in r e p a ir in g b o i l e r r o o m equ ip m en t.

Material Movement and Custodial
T R U C K D R IV E R

S H IP P E R A N D R E C E IV E R

D r iv e s
a tr u c k w ith in a c ity o r in d u s tr ia l a r e a to tr a n s p o r t
m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d is e , e q u ip m e n t, o r w o r k e r s b e tw e e n v a r io u s ty p e s o f
e s ta b lis h m e n ts such as:
M a n u fa c tu rin g p la n ts , f r e ig h t d e p o ts , w a r e h o u s e s ,
w h o le s a le and r e t a i l e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r b e tw e e n r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n ts and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u ses o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M a y a ls o lo a d o r unload tr u c k
w ith o r w ith ou t h e lp e r s , m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a ir s , and k e e p tr u c k in
g o o d w o r k in g o r d e r .
S a le s r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e exc lu d e d .

P e r f o r m s c l e r i c a l and p h y s ic a l ta s k s in c o n n e c tio n w ith s h ip p in g
g ood s o f th e e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d and r e c e iv in g in c o m in g
s h ip m e n ts .
In p e r fo r m in g d a y - t o - d a y , ro u tin e ta s k s , fo llo w s e s ta b lis h e d
g u id e lin e s . In h a n d lin g unusual n o n rou tin e p r o b le m s , r e c e i v e s s p e c if ic g u id ­
a n ce f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r o th e r o f f i c i a l s .
M a y d i r e c t and c o o r d in a te th e
a c t iv it ie s o f o t h e r w o r k e r s e n g a g e d in h a n d lin g go o d s to b e sh ip p ed o r b e in g
r e c e iv e d .

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s ,
r a te d c a p a c ity o f tr u c k , as fo llo w s :

S h ip p e rs t y p ic a lly a r e
r e s p o n s ib le f o r
m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
V e r i f y i n g th at o r d e r s a r e a c c u r a te ly f i l l e d b y c o m p a rin g ite m s and q u a n titie s
o f good s g a th e r e d f o r s h ip m en t a g a in s t d o c u m e n ts ; in s u r in g th at sh ip m en ts
a r e p r o p e r ly p a c k a g e d , id e n t ifie d w ith sh ip p in g in fo r m a tio n , and lo a d e d in to
tr a n s p o r tin g v e h ic le s ; p r e p a r in g and k e e p in g r e c o r d s o f good s s h ip p e d , e . g . ,
m a n ife s t s , b ills o f la d in g .

t r u c k d r iv e r s

a r e c la s s ifie d

b y ty p e and

T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t tru c k
(s tr a ig h t tr u c k , u n d er (I V 2 to n s , u s u a lly 4 w h e e ls )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m tru c k
(s tr a ig h t tr u c k , IV 2 to 4 ton s in c lu s iv e , u s u a lly 6 w h e e ls )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y tr u c k
(s tr a ig h t tr u c k , o v e r 4 to n s , u s u a lly 10 w h e e ls )
T r u c k d r iv e r , t r a c t o r - t r a ile r

R e c e iv e r s t y p ic a lly a r e r e s p o n s ib le f o r m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
V e r if y in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f in c o m in g s h ip m en ts b y c o m p a rin g it e m s and
q u a n titie s u n load ed a g a in s t b i l l s o f la d in g , in v o ic e s , m a n ife s t s , s to r a g e

SHIPPER AND RECEIVER— Continued

MATERIAL HANDLING LABORER— Continued

r e c e ip t s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r d a m a ge d g ood s ; in s u rin g that
good s a r e a p p r o p r ia t e ly id e n tifie d f o r ro u tin g to d e p a rtm e n ts w ith in the
e s ta b lis h m e n t; p r e p a r in g and k e e p in g r e c o r d s o f good s r e c e iv e d .

m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s to r a g e lo c a tio n ; and tr a n s p o r tin g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e by h a n d tru ck , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w .
L on gsh ore
w o r k e r s , who lo a d and unload s h ip s , a r e e x c lu d e d .

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :
S h ip p e r
R e c e iv e r
S h ip p e r and r e c e i v e r

P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R
O p e r a te s a m a n u a lly c o n tr o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic - p o w e r e d tru c k
o r t r a c t o r to tr a n s p o r t good s and m a t e r ia ls o f a ll kinds about a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u fa c tu rin g p la n t, o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s
tru c k , as fo llo w s :

W AREHOUSEM AN
A s d ir e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f w a r e h o u s in g duties w h ich r e q u ir e
an u n d erstan d in g o f th e e s ta b lis h m e n t's s to r a g e p la n . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e fo llo w in g : V e r if y in g m a t e r ia ls (o r m e r c h a n d is e ) a g a in s t r e c e iv in g
d o c u m e n ts , n o tin g and r e p o r tin g d is c r e p a n c ie s and ob v io u s d a m a g e s ; rou tin g
m a t e r ia ls to p r e s c r ib e d s to r a g e lo c a tio n s ; s to r in g , s ta c k in g , o r p a lle t iz in g
m a t e r ia ls in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r ib e d s to r a g e m eth o d s ; r e a r r a n g in g and
ta k in g in v e n to r y o f s to r e d m a t e r ia ls ; e x a m in in g s to r e d m a t e r ia ls and r e ­
p o r tin g d e t e r io r a t io n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v in g m a t e r ia l fr o m s to r a g e and
p r e p a r in g it f o r s h ip m en t. M a y o p e r a te hand o r p o w e r tru c k s in p e r fo r m in g
w a re h o u s in g d u tie s .
E x c lu d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y d u ties in v o lv e s h ip p in g and r e ­
c e iv in g w o r k (s e e S h ip p e r and R e c e iv e r and Sh ip pin g P a c k e r ), o r d e r f illin g
(s e e O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a tin g p o w e r tru c k s (s e e P o w e r - T r u c k O p e r a t o r ).
O RD ER F IL L E R
F i l l s ship p ing o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r fin is h e d good s f r o m s to r e d
m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c ific a tio n s on s a le s s lip s , c u s to m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s tr u c tio n s . M a y , in a d d ition to f illin g o r d e r s and in d ic a tin g
ite m s f i l l e d o r o m itte d , k e ep r e c o r d s o f o u tgo in g o r d e r s , r e q u is itio n a d d i­
tio n a l s to c k o r r e p o r t sh o rt s u p p lies to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r f o r m o th e r r e la te d
d u tie s .
S H IP P IN G P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p ro d u c ts f o r sh ip m en t o r s to r a g e b y p la c in g th em
in sh ip p in g c o n ta in e r s , the s p e c ific o p e r a tio n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g depen den t
upon the ty p e , s i z e , and n u m b er o f units to be p a c k ed , the ty p e o f c o n ta in e r
e m p lo y e d , and m eth o d o f s h ip m en t.
W o rk r e q u ir e s the p la c in g o f ite m s in
s h ip p in g c o n ta in e rs and m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : K n o w le d g e
o f v a r io u s ite m s o f stock in o r d e r to v e r i f y con ten t; s e le c tio n o f a p p ro p ria te
ty p e and s iz e o f c o n ta in e r; in s e r tin g e n c lo s u r e s in c o n ta in e r; u sin g e x c e ls io r
o r o th e r m a t e r ia l to p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c lo s in g and s e a lin g
c o n ta in e r; and ap p lyin g la b e ls o r e n te r in g id e n tify in g data on c o n ta in e r.
P a c k e r s w ho a ls o m ak e w o od en b o x e s o r c r a te s a r e e x c lu d e d .
M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G L A B O R E R
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu rin g p la n t, s t o r e , o r
o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t w h o s e d u ties in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g :
L o a d in g and u n loading v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m fr e ig h t
c a r s , tr u c k s , o r o th e r tr a n s p o r tin g d e v ic e s ; u n packin g, s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g

a r e c la s s ifie d by typ e o f p o w e r -

F o r k lif t o p e r a to r
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a to r (o th e r than f o r k l i f t )
GUARD
P r o t e c t s p r o p e r t y f r o m th eft o r d a m a g e , o r p e rs o n s f r o m h a za rd s
o r in t e r f e r e n c e .
D u ties in v o lv e s e r v in g at a fix e d p o s t, m a k in g round? on
fo o t o r b y m o to r v e h ic le , o r e s c o r t in g p e rs o n s o r p r o p e r ty . M a y be d e p u tize d
to m ak e a r r e s t s .
M a y a ls o h e lp v i s i t o r s
and c u s to m e rs b y a n s w e rin g
q u e s tio n s and g iv in g d ir e c tio n s .
G u ard s e m p lo y e d b y e s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ich p r o v id e p r o t e c t iv e s e r ­
v ic e s on a c o n tra c t b a s is a r e in c lu d e d in th is oc c u p a tio n .
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , gu ard s a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :
G u ard A
E n fo r c e s
r e g u la tio n s d e s ig n e d to p r e v e n t b re a c h e s o f s e c u r ity .
E x e r c is e s ju d g m e n t and u ses d is c r e t io n in d e a lin g w ith e m e r g e n c ie s and
s e c u r ity v io la t io n s e n c o u n te re d .
D e te r m in e s w h e th e r f i r s t r e s p o n s e should
be to in te r v e n e d ir e c t ly (a s k in g f o r a s s is ta n c e w hen d e e m e d n e c e s s a r y and
t im e a llo w s ), to k e ep s itu a tio n u n der s u r v e illa n c e , o r to r e p o r t situ a tio n
so th at it can be h an d led b y a p p r o p r ia te a u th o rity .
D uties r e q u ir e s p e ­
c ia liz e d tr a in in g in m eth od s and te c h n iq u e s o f p r o te c tin g s e c u r ity a r e a s .
C o m m o n ly , the g u ard is r e q u ir e d to d e m o n s tr a te con tinuin g p h y s ic a l fitn e s s
and p r o f ic ie n c y w ith f ir e a r m s o r o t h e r s p e c ia l w ea p on s.
G u ard B
C a r r ie s out in s tr u c tio n s p r i m a r i l y o r ie n te d to w a r d in s u r in g that
e m e r g e n c ie s and s e c u r ity v io la t io n s a r e r e a d ily d is c o v e r e d and r e p o r te d to
a p p r o p r ia te a u th o rity .
In te r v e n e s d i r e c t l y o n ly in situ a tion s w h ich r e q u ir e
m in im a l a c tio n to s a fe g u a rd p r o p e r t y o r p e r s o n s .
D u ties r e q u ir e m in im a l
tr a in in g .
C o m m o n ly , th e g u a rd is not r e q u ir e d to d e m o n s tra te p h y s ic a l
fitn e s s .
M a y b e a r m e d , but g e n e r a lly is not r e q u ir e d to d e m o n s tr a te
p r o fic ie n c y in the use o f f ir e a r m s o r s p e c ia l w e a p o n s .
J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R
C lea n s and k e ep s in an o r d e r l y c o n d itio n fa c t o r y w o rk in g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m is e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a rtm e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c ia l o r
o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t. D u ties in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : S w ee p in g ,
m o p p in g o r s c ru b b in g , and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g c h ip s , tr a s h , and o th e r
r e fu s e ; dusting e q u ip m en t, fu r n itu r e , o r fix t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l fix tu r e s o r
t r im m in g s ; p r o v id in g su p p lies and m in o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; and c le a n in g
la v a t o r ie s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s who s p e c ia liz e in w in d o w
w a s h in g a r e e x c lu d e d .

Service Contract
Act Surveys
T h e fo llo w in g a r e a s a r e s u r ­
v e y e d p e r io d ic a lly f o r u se in a d m in ­
is t e r in g the S e r v i c e C o n tra c t A c t
o f 1965.
S u r v e y r e s u lt s a r e pub­
lis h e d in r e le a s e s w h ich a r e a v a ila ­
b le , at no c o s t, w h ile su p p lies la s t
f r o m any o f th e B L S r e g io n a l o ffic e s
shown on the b a c k c o v e r .
A la s k a (s ta te w id e )
A lb a n y , Ga.
A le x a n d r ia , L a .
A lp e n a , S tan d ish , and
T a w a s C ity , M ich .
A s h e v i l l e , N .C .
A tla n tic C ity , N .J .
A u g u s ta , G a.— .C .
S
A u s tin , T e x .
B a k e r s fie ld , C a lif.
B aton R o u g e , L a .
B a ttle C r e e k , M ic h .
B eaum ont—P o r t A r t h u r O ra n g e , T e x .
B ilo x i— u lfp o r t and
G
P a s c a g o u la , M is s .
B r e m e r t o n , W ash.
B r id g e p o r t , N o r w a lk , and
S ta m fo rd , Conn.
B ru n s w ic k , G a.
C e d a r R a p id s , Io w a
C h am p aign —U rb an a—R a n to u l, 111.
C h a r le s to n , S .C .
C h eyen n e, W yo.
C la r k s v ille —H o p k in s v ille , T e n n .—K y.
C o lo r a d o S p r in g s , C o lo .
C o lu m b ia , S .C .
C olu m b u s, M is s .
C ra n e , Ind.
D e c a tu r , 111.
D es M o in e s , Iow a
D othan, A la .
Duluth— u p e r io r , M in n .—W is .
S
E l P a s o , T e x . , and A la m o g o r d o — a s
L
C r u c e s , N. M ex.
E u g en e— p r in g fie ld and M e d fo rd rS
K la m a th F a l l s — ra n ts P a s s —
G
R oseb u rg , O reg.
F a y e t t e v i l l e , N .C .
F itc h b u r g —L e o m i n s t e r , M a s s .

F o r t R ile y —
Jun ction C ity , K an s.
F o r t S m ith , A r k . —O kla.
F o r t W a yn e, Ind.
F r e d e r ic k —H a g e rs to w n —
C h a m b e r s b u rg , M d .—P a .
G a d sd en and A n n is to n , A la .
G o ld s b o r o , N .C . '
G ran d Isla n d —H a s tin g s , N e b r .
G u am , T e r r i t o r y o f
H a r r is b u r g —L e b a n o n , P a .
L a C r o s s e , W is .
L ared o, Tex.
L a w to n , O kla.
L e x in g to n —F a y e t t e , K y.
L im a , O hio
L o g a n s p o r t—P e r u , Ind.
L o w e r E a s te r n S h o r e , M d .—V a .—D e l.
M a c o n , Ga.
M a d is o n , W is .
M a in e (s ta te w id e )
M c A lle n —P h a r r —E d in b u rg and
B r owns v i l l e — a r lin g e n —
H
San B e n ito , T e x .
M e r id ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , M on m ou th, and
O c e a n C o s ., N .J.
M o b ile and P e n s a c o la , A la . —F la .
M on tana (s ta te w id e )
N a s h v ille —D a v id s o n , T enn.
N e w B e r n r -J a c k s o n v ille , N .C .
N e w H a m p s h ire (s ta te w id e )
N e w L on d on — o r w ic h , Conn.— .I.
N
R
N o r th D akota (s ta te w id e )
N o r th e r n N e w Y o r k
O rla n d o , F la .
O xn ard — im i V a lle y —V e n tu ra , C a lif.
S
P h o e n ix , A r i z .
P in e B lu ff, A r k .
P u e b lo , C o lo .
P u e r t o R ic o
R a le ig h — u rh a m , N .C .
D
R en o, N ev.
R iv e r s id e —
San B e r n a rd in o —
O n ta rio , C a lif.
S a lin a , K an s.
S a lin a s -S e a s id e —M o n te r e y , C a lif.
Sandusky, O hio
Santa B a r b a r a —
Santa M a r ia —
L o m p o c , C a lif.

Savannah, Ga.
S e lm a , A la .
S h e rm a n -D e n is o n , T e x .
S h r e v e p o r t, L a .
South D akota (s ta te w id e )
S o u th ern Idaho
S o u th w e stern V ir g in ia
S p r in g fie ld , 111.
S p r in g fie ld —C h ic o p e e —H o ly o k e ,
M a s s .—Conn.
S tock ton , C a lif.
T a c o m a , W ash.
Tam pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F la .
T o p e k a , K ans.
T u ls a , O kla.
U p p e r P e n in s u la , M ic h .
V a lle jo —F a ir f ie ld —N a p a , C a lif.
V e r m o n t (s ta te w id e )
V ir g in Is la n d s o f th e U.S.
W a co and K ille e n —T e m p le , T e x .
W a te r lo o —C e d a r F a lls , Iow a
W e s t T e x a s P la in s
W e s t V ir g in ia (s ta te w id e )
W ilm in g to n , D e l.—N .J .—Md.
Y a k im a , R ic h la n d —K e n n e w ic k , and
W a lla W a lla —P e n d le to n ,
W a sh .—O r e g .

A LS O A V A IL A B L E —
A n annual r e p o r t on s a la r ie s fo r
a c cou n ta n ts, a u d ito rs , c h ie f a c c o u n t­
a n ts , a tt o r n e y s , jo b a n a ly s ts , d i r e c ­
t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l, b u y e r s , c h e m is ts ,
e n g in e e r s , e n g in e e r in g te c h n ic ia n s ,
d r a ft e r s , a n d c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s
is a v a ila b le .
O r d e r as B L S B u lle ­
tin 1931, N a tio n a l S u r v e y o f P r o ­
fe s s io n a l, A d m in is t r a t iv e , T e c h n ic a l
and C l e r i c a l P a y , M a r c h 1976, $1.35
a c o p y , f r o m an y o f the B L S r e ­
g io n a l s a le s o f f ic e s shown on the
b a c k c o v e r , o r f r o m th e S u p e r in ­
ten d en t o f D o c u m e n ts , U.S. G o v e r n ­
m en t P r in tin g O ffic e , W a sh in g ton ,
D .C . 20402.

Area Wage
Surveys
A l i s t o f th e la t e s t b u lle tin s a v a ila b le is p r e s e n te d b e lo w .
B u lle tin s
m a y b e p u rc h a s e d f r o m an y o f th e B L S r e g io n a l o f f ic e s shown on the b ack
c o v e r , o r f r o m the S u p e rin te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n ts , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r in t in g
O f f ic e , W a sh in g to n , D .C . 20402.
M a k e ch e c k s p a y a b le to S u p e rin te n d e n t o f
D o c u m e n ts .
A d i r e c t o r y o f o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e s u r v e y s , c o v e r in g th e y e a r s
1950 th ro u g h 1975, is a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t.

A rea
A k r o n , O h io , D e c . 1976 1_________________________________________
A lb a n y — c h en e cta d y —T r o y , N .Y . , Sept. 1976 _________________
S
A n a h e im —
Santa A n a — a r d e n G r o v e ,
G
C a l i f . , O ct. 1976___________________ _______________________________
A tla n ta , G a . , M a y 1977___________________________________________
B a lt im o r e , M d ., A u g . 1976_______________________________________
B illin g s , M o n t., Ju ly 1976_______________________________________
B ir m in g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1977___________________________________
B o s to n , M a s s ., A u g . 1976 _______________________________________
B u ffa lo , N . Y . , O ct. 1976 _________________________________________
C anton, O h io , M a y 1977 1 ________________________________________
C h a tta n o o g a , T e rm .— a ., Sept. 1976 ___________________________
G
C h ic a g o , 111., M a y 1976 _______________________________ ___________
C in c in n a ti, O h io— y .— d ., M a r . 1976_________________________
K
In
C le v e la n d , O h io , Sept. 1976______________________________________
C o lu m b u s, O h io , O ct. 1976______________________________________
C o rp u s C h r is t i, T e x . , Ju ly 1977 1______________________________
D a lla s —F o r t W o rth , T e x . , O ct. 1976___________________________
D a v e n p o r t— o c k Is la n d — o lin e , Io w a —
R
M
111., F e b . 1977 1 _____
D a y to n , O h io , D e c . 1976 _________________________________________
D ayton a B e a c h , F l a . , A u g . 1976 ________________________________
D e n v e r — o u ld e r , C o lo ., D e c . 1976_____________________________
B
D e t r o it , M ic h ., M a r . 1977_______________________________________
F r e s n o , C a l i f . , June 1977 _______________________________________
G a in e s v ille , F la . , S ep t. 1976 ____________________________________
G r e e n B a y , W is ., J u ly 1 976_________________________________ ____
G r e e n s b o r o — in s to n -S a le m — ig h P o in t,
W
H
N .C ., A u g . 1976___________________________________________________
G r e e n v ille — p a rta n b u rg , S .C ., June 1977____ ,_________________
S
H a r t fo r d , C on n ., M a r . 1977______________________________________
H ou ston , T e x . , A p r . 1976________________________________________
H u n ts v ille , A l a . , F e b . 1977 1_____________________________________
In d ia n a p o lis , In d ., O ct. 1 976_____________________________________
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , Jan. 1977 1 _____________________________________
J a c k s o n v ille , F l a . , D e c . 1976 1__________________________________
K a n s a s C ity , M o .- K a n s ., Sept. 1976 1 _________________________
L o s A n g e le s —L o n g B ea ch , C a lif. , O ct. 1976__________________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y .— d ., N o v . 1976________________________________ _
In

B u lle tin n u m b er
and p r ic e *
1 900-76, 85 cen ts
1900-59, 55 cen ts
1900-67,
1950-17,
1900-52,
1900-39,
1950-8,
1900-53,
1900-70,
1950-28,
1 900-57,
1 900-32,
1900 -7 ,
1900-62,
1900-68,
1950-35,
1 900-63,
1950-26,
1900-78,
1 900-45,
1900-73,
1 950-13,
1950-30,
1 900-54,
1 900-37,

75 cen ts
$ 1 .2 0
85 cen ts
55 cen ts
85 cen ts
85 cen ts
75 cen ts
$ 1 .1 0
55 cen ts
$ 1.05
75 cen ts
95 cen ts
75 cen ts
$ 1.00
85 cen ts
$ 1 .1 0
85 cen ts
45 cen ts
85 cen ts
$ 1 .2 0
70 cen ts
45 cen ts
55 cen ts

1900-47,
1950-33,
1 950-9,
1900 -2 6 ,
1950 -4 ,
1 900-58,
1950-2,
1 900-80,
1900-60,
1900-77,
1900-69,

65 cen ts
70 cents
80 cen ts
85 cen ts
$ 1 .4 0
75 cen ts
$ 1 .5 0
85 c en ts
$ 1.05
85 ce n ts
55 c en ts

A rea
M e m p h is , T e n n .— r k . —M i s s . , N o v . 1976 1_____________________
A
M ia m i, F la . , O ct. 1976___________________________________________
M ilw a u k e e , W is ., A p r . 1977 ____________________________________
M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l, M in n .— is ., Jan. 1977________________
W
N as sau— u ffo lk , N. Y . , June 1977 _______________________________
S
N e w a r k , N .J ., Jan 1977 __________________________________________
N e w O r le a n s , L a . , Jan. 1977 1___________________________________
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . - N . J . , M a y 1977________________________________
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B ea ch —P o r ts m o u th , V a .—
N .C ., M a y 1977___________________________________________________
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B ea ch —P o r ts m o u th and
N e w p o r t N e w s — am p ton , V a .— .C ., M a y 1977_____________
H
N
N o r th e a s t P e n n s y lv a n ia , A u g . 1976 ____________________________
O k lah om a C ity , O k la ., A u g . 1976_______________________________
O m ah a, N e b r .— w a , O ct. 1976__________________________________
Io
P a te r s o n —C lifto n —P a s s a ic , N .J ., June 1977 __________________
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . —N .J ., N o v . 1976 1____________________________
P itts b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1977 ______________________________________
P o r tla n d , M a in e , D e c . 1 9 7 6 1 ___________________________________
P o r tla n d , O r e g .—W a s h ., M a y 1977 1____________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N . Y . , June 1977i_________________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie —K in g s to n — e w b u rg h , N . Y . , June 1976____ ,___
N
P r o v id e n c e—W a r w ic k—P a w tu c k e t, R . I.—
M a s s ., June 1977 1 _______________________________________________
R ic h m o n d , V a ., June 1977 1 _____________________________________
St. L o u is , M o .—
111., M a r . 1977 __________________________________
S a c r a m e n to , C a lif. , D e c . 1976 __________________________________
S a gin a w , M ic h ., N o v . 1 9 7 6 1_____________________________________
S a lt L a k e C ity —O gd en , U tah, N o v . 1 976_______________________
San A n to n io , T e x . , M a y 1977 1
___________________________________
San D ie g o , C a lif. , N o v . 1 976____________________________________
San F r a n c is c o —O ak lan d, C a lif. , M a r . 1 9 7 7 ___________________
San J o s e , C a lif. , M a r . 1977,_____________________________________
S e a ttle — v e r e t t , W a s h ., Jan 1977 1_____________________________
E
South B en d , In d ., M a r . 1976 ___ _________________________________
S y r a c u s e , N .Y . , Ju ly 1976_______________________________________
T o le d o , O hio— ic h . , M a y 1977__________________________________
M
T re n to n , N .J ., Sept. 1976________________________________________
W a sh in gton , D .C .— d .—V a . , M a r . 1977 _______________________
M
W ic h ita , K a n s ., A p r . 1977 1 _____________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., A p r . 1977 ______ _____________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1977 _____________________________________________

B u lle tin nu m b er
and p r ic e *
1900-75,
1900-66,
1950-14,
1950-3,
1950-27,
1950-7,
1950-5,
1950-31,

85 cents
75 cents
$ 1.10
$ 1.60
$ 1.00
$ 1 .6 0
$ 1.60
$ 1.20

1950-20) 70 cen ts
1950-21,
1900-43,
1900-42,
1900-61,
1950-34,
1900-64,
1950-1,
1900-72,
1950-32,
1950-25,
1900-55,

70 cents
65 cents
55 cen ts
55 cents
70 cen ts
$ 1.10
$ 1 .5 0
85 cen ts
$ 1.20
70 cents
55 cen ts

1950-22,
1950-23,
1950-10,
1900-71,
1900-74,
1900-65,
1950-24,
1900-79,
1950-29,
1950-19,
1950-12,
1900-5,
1900-44,
1950- 18,
1900-56,
1950-11,
1950-16,
1950-15,
1950-6,

$ 1.20
$ 1.10
$ 1.20
55 cen ts
75 cents
55 cents
$ 1.10
55 cents
$ 1.20
$ 1.00
$ 1.20
pp cents
55 cen ts
80 cents
55 cents
$ 1.20
$ 1.10
70 cents
$ 1 .1 0

* Prices are determined by the Government Printing Office and are subject tei change,
1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

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