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Area
Wage
Survey

Worcester, Massachusetts,
Metropolitan Area, April 1977

Bulletin 1950-15
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics

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Preface
T h is b u lle tin p r o v id e s r e s u lts o f an A p r i l 1977 s u r v e y o f o c c u p a ­
tio n a l e a r n in g s in th e W o r c e s t e r , M a s s a c h u s e tts , S tandard M e tr o p o lita n
S t a tis tic a l A r e a .
T h e s u r v e y w as m ad e as p a r t o f th e B u re a u o f L a b o r
S t a t is t ic s ' annual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m .
It w as con d u cted by the
B u re a u 's r e g io n a l o f f ic e in B o s to n , M a s s ., u n der the g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n o f
P a u l V . M u lk e rn , A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l C o m m is s io n e r f o r O p e ra tio n s .
The
s u r v e y cou ld not h a ve b een a c c o m p lis h e d w ith ou t the c o o p e r a tio n o f th e
m an y f i r m s w h o s e w a g e and s a la r y data p r o v id e d th e b a s is f o r th e s t a t is t ic a l
in fo rm a tio n in th is b u lle tin .
T h e B u rea u w is h e s to e x p r e s s s in c e r e a p p r e c i­
atio n f o r th e c o o p e r a tio n r e c e iv e d .




M a t e r ia l in th is p u b lic a tio n is in th e p u b lic d om ain and m a y be
r e p r o d u c e d w ith ou t p e r m is s io n o f th e F e d e r a l G o v e rn m e n t.
P le a s e c r e d it
th e B u rea u o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s and c ite th e n a m e and n u m b er o f th is
p u b lic a tio n .

Note:
A ls o a v a ila b le f o r th e W o r c e s t e r a r e a a r e lis tin g s o f union w a g e
r a te s f o r s e v e n s e le c te d b u ild in g t r a d e s .
F r e e c o p ie s o f fh e s e a r e a v a ila b le
f r o m th e B u re a u 's r e g io n a l o f f i c e s . (S e e b a c k c o v e r f o r a d d r e s s e s .)

Area
Wage
Survey

Worcester, Massachusetts,
Metropolitan Area, April 1977

U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

Contents

Page

June 1977
Bulletin 1950-15

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S.
Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402, GPO
Bookstores, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover.
Make FRASER
Digitized forchecks payable to Superintendent of Documents.



Introduction-------------------------------------------------------

2

T ables:
A.

Earnings, all establishments:
A - l. Weekly earnings of office
workers-------------------------------------A-2. Weekly earnings of profes­
sional and technical w orkers------A-3. Average weekly earnings of
office, professional, and
technical workers, by sex-----------A-4. Hourly earnings of mainte­
nance, toolroom, and
A -5 .

p o w e rp la n t w o r k e r s --------------------H o u rly ea rn in g s o f m a te r ia l
m o v e m e n t and c u stod ial

3
5
6
7

A-6.

Average hourly earnings of
maintenance, toolroom,
powerplant, material move­
ment, and custodial workers,

A-7.

Percent increases in average
hourly earnings, adjusted for
employment shifts, for se­
lected occupational groups----------- 10

Appendix A.
Appendix B.

Scope and method of survey---------Occupational descriptions------------- 14

b y s e x ------------------------------------------

9

Introduction
This area is 1 of 74 in which the U.S. Department of Labor's Bureau
of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings and related
benefits. (See list of areas on inside back cover.) In each area, occupational
earnings data (A -series tables) are collected annually. Information on estab­
lishment practices and supplementary wage benefits (B -series tables) is
obtained every third year. This report has no B -series tables.
Each year after all individual area wage surveys have been com­
pleted, two summary bulletins are issued. The first brings together data
for each metropolitan area surveyed; the second presents national and
regional estimates, projected from individual metropolitan area data, for
all Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas in the United States, excluding
Alaska and Hawaii.
A major consideration in the area wage survey program is the need
to describe the level and movement of wages in a variety of labor markets,
through the analysis of (1) the level and distribution of wages by occupation,
and (2) the movement of wages by occupational category and skill level. The
program develops information that may be used for many purposes, including
wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and assistance in
determining plant location. Survey results also are used by the U.S. Depart­
ment of Labor to make wage determinations under the Service Contract Act
of 1965.




A -series tables
Tables A - l through A - 6 provide estimates of straight-time weekly
or hourly earnings for workers in occupations common to a variety of
manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. For the 31 largest survey
areas, tables A-8 through A - 13 provide similar data for establishments
employing 500 workers or more.
Table A-7 provides percent changes in average hourly earnings
of office clerical workers, electronic data processing workers, industrial
nurses, skilled maintenance trades workers, and unskilled plant workers.
Where possible, data are presented for all industries and for manufac­
turing and nonmanufacturing separately. Data are not presented for skilled
maintenance workers in nonmanufacturing because the number of workers
employed in this occupational group in nonmanufacturing is too small to
warrant separate presentation. This table provides a measure of wage
trends after elinimation of changes in average earnings caused by employ­
ment shifts among establishments as well as turnover of establishments
included in survey samples. For'further details, see appendix A.
A p p e n d ix e s
A p p e n d ix A d e s c r ib e s th e m eth o d s and c o n ce p ts u sed in th e a r e a
w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m and p r o v id e s in fo r m a tio n on the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

Appendix B provides job descriptions used by Bureau field econo­
mists to classify workers by occupation.

A . E a rn in g s
Table A-1. W e e k ly earnings of o ffic e w o rkers in W orcester, M ass., A pril 1977
W eek ly earnings
( standard)
Number
of
woikers

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

A v erage
w eekly
hours1
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s of—

s

s
95

M ea n 2

M iddle range 2

M edian 2

105

S
110

S
115

s

S
120

1 25

S
130

s

s

5
140

150

160

s
17 0

S
180

$
- ------------- --------------------------

S tw H tl A K it d y

v

j

A

w LV A W 1A n I b v f

vLAw O

D

LAj

331
243

3 9 .0

$

$

1 9 4 .0 9
1 8 2 .0 6

1 9 3 .0 0
1 7 9 .5 0

1 7 3 .0 0 1 6 9 .0 0 -

37

2 2 1 .0 0

2 2 1 .5 0

105

1 15

n o

120

125

140

150

160

170

1 80

190

200

24
20

130

1

11

39
43

37
20

43
27

27
22

12

11

7

7

2 0 0 .0 0 -2 4 9 .0 0

2 0 1 .5 0

2 0 1 .0 0

1 8 1 .5 0 -2 2 0 .0 0

n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------- -------------------------

99

1 9 0 .0 0

1 9 1 .0 0

1 6 5 .0 0 -

3 7 .5

1 7 5 .0 0 1 7 5 .0 0 -

1 6 1 .5 0
1 6 9 .5 0
1 6 0 .0 0

135
28

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 6 7 .0 0

3 8 .0

1 5 9 .0 0

1 7 1 .0 0
1 7 1 .0 0
1 5 0 .5 0

1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 -

1 8 0 .0 0
1 8 0 .0 0
1 8 4 .0 0

3 9 .0

1 6 4 .0 0
1 6 5 .0 0

1 7 0 .5 0
1 7 1 .0 0

1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 0 .5 0 -

1 8 0 .0 0
1 8 0 .0 0

1 7 6 .5 0
1 7 6 .5 0

1 4 7 .0 0 1 6 0 .0 0 -

250

22Q

2 30

240

250

over

24
18

41

21
12

7

15
11

23

210

----------- --------------

78

1 4 0 .0 0

1 2 4 .5 0 1 3 4 .0 0 1 1 7 .0 0 -

1 5 8 .0 0
1 5 3 .0 0
1 6 7 .0 0

1 4 3 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0 -

1 5 7 .5 0
1 7 5 .0 0

106
48
58

-------------------------------------------------—

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

1 4 3 .5 0
1 4 4 .5 6
1 4 2 .5 0

25
29
T Y P I S T S * C L A S S B -------. . . ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------------------

39.S

1 6 5 .5 0

52
29

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

1 2 0 .0 0

140

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

66

3 8 .0

76
38

3 8 .5
3 9 .5

1 1 6 .5 0
1 2 1 .0 0

----------- ------------— ---------------------------

54

3 8 .0
3 8 .5

1 2 3 .5 0
1 2 9 .0 0

1 2 5 .0 0

2 1 1 .0 0
2 0 5 . SO

25

W o r k e r s w e re d is tr ib u te d as fo llo w s :
W o r k e rs w e re distribu ted as fo llo w s :
W o rk e rs w e re at $90 to $95.

1

4

20

21
15

16
12

15

10

15

24

10
8

31

18

17
9

13
11

10
14

1
1

13

3
1

3
3

5

3

12

1

13

10

12

5

12

1

11

9

11

8
6

1
10

17

30

2

14
14

23
23

19
18
1

12
8

5

1

n

3

2

11

*
*

2

15

1

1 3 2 .5 0
1 3 5 .5 0
1 2 3 .5 0

14

13

1 0 8 .0 0 -1 3 3 .0 0

6

1 0 7 .0 0 1 1 3 .0 0 -

1 2 2 .0 0
1 2 8 .0 0

1
1

1 1 8 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 -

1 3 2 .0 0
1 3 4 .0 0

11

11

1

1
17

1

1 1 4 .0 0

21

18

2
1

11

AJ
5

1

1
1

1
15

14

22
12

***.4

1 at $ 27 0 to $ 2F

3

2

12

9

2 a t $ 2 8 0 to $ 2 9 0 ;

5

3

3

7
5

2

2

2

1

1 a t $ 2 9 0 to $ 300; and 1 a t $ 3 1 0 to $ 320.

5

2

2

1
11
6

1

1
13
12

1

10

1

10
1

1 0 8 .0 0 1 1 3 .0 0 1 0 2 .0 0 -

1 a t $ 2 5 0 to $ 2 6 0 ; 3 a t $2 6 0 to $ 2 7 0 ;
5 at $85 to $90; and 4 at $90 to $95.

23
14

24
22

11

7
1

1

1

1 1 9 .0 0
1 2 3 .5 0
1 1 0 .0 0

1 2 4 .0 0

53

10

1

4

1

1 1 0 .0 0 -1 2 8 .0 0

1

*

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




8
1
1

1
4

1 2 2 .5 0

1 2 1 .5 0
1 2 8 .5 0
1 1 4 .0 0

» I L t C L tK A j9 (.LAbS o
* I L t LLLKfSbf ULAob L
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------- ------------------------------

61
41

1 9 4 .5 0
2 0 0 .0 0

1 A*
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------- —

7

1

1 5 2 .0 0 1 8 1 .5 0
1 5 9 .5 0 -1 8 7 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0 1 7 3 .0 0

1 7 5 .0 0

S T E N O G R A PH E R S * ---------------------------------------- ------

10

2

2 1 0 .0 0

1 6 6 .0 0
1 7 1 .5 0
1 6 1 .0 6

* * *

240

10
18

1 9 5 .0 0
1 9 3 .0 0

1 9 3 .0 0

lo i

*

t

t
230

and

2 2 0 .0 0
2 0 3 .5 0

201

**

2 20

$

"""

m e s se n g e r s

s

S
210

WORKERS

M A N U F A C T U R IN G

C LERKS

200

under
100

F IL E

s

S
190

Unde r and
$
95

ALL

s

s
lo o

*

1
2

2

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Worcester, Mass., April 1977— Continued
W eek ly earnings
(standard)
A vera ge
w eek ly
hours *
[standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—

S

S

ric rs
e

$

S

S

S

S

S

s

S

S

S

$

S

S

S

r

1 --------- $--------240
230

S

M ean2

M e d ia n 2

M iddle ra n g! 2

2 50

lo o

1 05

n o

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

100

Occupation and in du stry d iv is io n

10 5

n o

1 15

120

125

130

140

150

160

17Q

1 80

1 90

2 00

210

22Q

230

-

2
2

2
2

9
9

4
3

2
1

8
3

4

3
1

8
6

•

-

—

*

3
3

•

1

-

-

*

-

9

16
5

10
10

9
2

4
4

.

4

1

•

•

•

-

-

—

-

-

-

—

—

-

4

2
2

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

4

7

7

7

7

10
10

2
2

1
1

1
1

•

4

-

-

31
29

62
8
54

13
11
2

31
6
25

22
22

23

58
31
27

16
12
4

68
4
64

-

18
2
16

22
22

16
12
4

68
4
64

i
i
-

95
,
and
under

U nder
*
95

and
240

25Q

over

A L L WORKERS—
CO N T IN U ED
SW ITCHBO ARD O PERA TO R S. NONM ANUFACTURING -------

52
3l

SW ITOHBOARD 0 P E R A T 0 R -R E C E P T I0 N 1 S T S M ANU FACTURING —
NONM ANUFACTURING

97
57
♦0

ORDER C L E R K S
M ANU FACTURING

61

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K S —
m a n u f a c t u r in g —
NONM ANUFACTURING

62

568
219
349

$
3 8 .5 1 6 7 .5 0
38«0<< 1 6 3 . 0 0

1 6 7 .0 0
1 4 9 .0 0

$
$
1 3 9 .5 0 * 1 9 2 .0 0
1 3 3 .5 0 * 2 0 2 .5 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 3 3 .5 0
1 3 1 .0 0
1 3 7 .0 0

1 2 5 .0 0
1 2 4 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0

1 1 5 .0 0 -1 4 5 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0 * 1 4 2 .0 0
1 2 4 .0 0 * 1 5 2 .0 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 6 7 .0 0
1 6 8 .0 0

1 7 5 .0 0
1 7 5 .0 0

3 8 .5

1 7 4 .0 0
1 7 4 .0 0
1 7 4 .0 0

1 7 1 .0 0
1 7 1 .0 0
1 7 0 .0 0

1 3 6 .0 0 * 2 0 4 .0 0
1 4 1 .0 0 * 2 0 0 .5 0
1 3 5 .0 0 * 2 1 2 .0 0

1 9 3 .5 0
1 8 6 .5 0
1 9 9 .0 0

1 8 4 .0 0
1 8 0 .0 0
1 9 0 .0 0

1 4 8 .5 0
1 5 0 .0 0
1 4 8 .0 0

1 3 6 .0 0
1 4 0 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

$

•

-

*

-

•

-

-

2

•

*

-

•

-

28
23

4

9
2

5

5

7

11

-

7

.

16
16

.

■*

2
2

4

-

4

-

11
2

33

16

66

34

43

9

5

24

11

32
34

10
24

20
23

15
10

15
3
12

26
12
14

26
8
18

56
31
25

29
27
2

21

7

5

5

s

16

2

51
22
29

19
7
12

17
8

14

2

41

-

3

6
6

13

9

2
2

9

5

2

-

38

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

1 3 2 .0 0 -1 9 2 .5 0

-

•

-

1 3 9 .0 0 -1 9 3 .0 0

*

-

-

2
1

*

-

2

12

4

5

-

-

—

-

-

*

2

12

4

5

9

1 6 7 .0 0 * 2 3 3 .0 0
1 7 0 .0 0 -2 2 0 .0 0
1 6 6 .5 0 * 2 4 1 .0 0

_
*

•
-

.

-

.
*

*

—

1 2 3 .5 0 -1 7 8 .5 0
1 3 0 .0 0 -1 6 0 .0 0
1 2 1 .0 0 -1 9 6 .5 0

.
-

2

12

4

5

•4

5

-

40
17

2

5

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K S . C L A S S A
M ANU FACTURING --------------------------------NONM ANUFACTURING ------------------------

321
142
179

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K S . C L A S S 8
M AN U FACTURIN G --------------------------------NONM ANUFACTURING ------------------------

247
77

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O PERA TO R S

42

3 9 .5

1 4 7 .5 0

1 4 7 .5 0

1 3 0 .0 0 -1 6 6 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

19

2

5

12

2

2

-

M ACH IN E B IL L E R S M ANU FACTURING

66

1 5 6 .5 0
1 6 6 .0 0

1 4 5 .0 0
1 5 1 .0 0

1 3 2 .0 0 -1 6 5 .5 0
1 4 0 .5 0 -1 7 9 .0 0

_

•

•

.

-

•

4

4

12

*

*

10
6

2
2

6
2

•

-

15
15

5

38

3 8 .5
3 9 .5

56
28

3 S .0
4 0 .6

1 5 8 .0 0
1 7 1 .5 0

1 4 5 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0

1 3 1 .5 0 -1 7 7 .0 0
1 4 0 .0 0 -2 1 8 .5 0

4

4

10
10

6
2

4
—

2
2

6
2

8
2
6

12
10
2

34
18
16

12
11
1

17
10

7

32
10
22

32
11
21

9

5
4

37
17
20

15
13
2

25

8

7

4
4

29
12
17

15
13
2

3
3
-

7
4
3

billing - machine billers

M A N U F A C T U R IN G '------------------------

1 70

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5

PAYROLL c l e r k s
M AN U FACTU RIN G —
n o n m a n u f a c t u R i Ng

123
73
50

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

K EYPU N CH O PERA TO R S M AN U FACTURIN G —
NONM ANUFACTURING

219
76
143

-

2

—
12

*

-

-

-

—

-

.

.

-

*

11
2

32

16

9

5

9

23

11

*

*

.

•

-

1

—

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

1

—

-

3

5

3

-

—

•

*

*

4

—

4
3

-

6
6

*

*

10
-

43
13

10

30
24

1 6 7 .0 0
1 6 5 .0 0
1 6 7 .0 0

1 5 9 .5 0 -1 8 3 .5 0
1 5 9 .5 0 -1 8 1 .5 0
1 6 0 .0 0 -1 9 4 .5 0

3 8 .5

1 5 3 .5 0
1 5 9 .0 0
1 5 0 .5 0

1 5 0 .0 0
1 5 8 .0 0
1 4 6 .0 0

1 3 5 .0 0 -1 7 2 .0 0
1 4 5 .0 0 -1 7 5 .0 0
1 3 1 .5 0 -1 7 0 .0 0

3

3 9 .0
3 8 .0

1
-

1
—

3

1

1

3

5

1
2

6
3
3

1 6 4 .5 0
1 6 5 .0 0
1 6 4 .5 0

1 6 3 .0 0
1 7 2 .5 0
1 5 5 .5 0

1 4 8 .5 0 -1 7 9 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0 -1 8 1 .5 0
1 4 2 .0 0 -1 7 2 .0 0

.

-

-

-

.

-

.

1 3 4 .5 0
1 4 6 .5 0
1 2 9 .0 0

1 3 5 .0 0
1 4 6 .0 0
1 3 1 .0 0

1 2 4 .5 0 -1 4 6 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0 -1 5 5 .0 0
1 1 6 .5 0 -1 3 9 .5 0

138
$1
67

3 8 .0
39^0
3 7 .5

KEYPU N CH O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B
M ANU FACTURING -----------------------------------NO NM ANUFACTURING ---------------------------

«1
25
56

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

4
12

7

*

1 7 3 .5 0
1 7 0 .0 0
1 7 8 .0 0

K EY PU N C H O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A
m a n u f a c t u r in g — — — — —
NO NM ANUFACTURING ---------- ----------- —

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

*

-

-

-

*

-

*

1

IS

17
3
14

3
-

1
-

1
—

3

5

3

6

9

-

1

3

1
2

-

1

—
5

3

3

3

9

19
4
15

15
7
8

See footnotes at end of tables.




1

-

—

1

-

4

9

18

1

1
1

8
5
3

-

-

-

i
i

•
-

9

•
-

-

-

—
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

2
2

-

2
2

-

2
2

-

2
2

-

3
•

2
2

2

•

3

-

7

-

4

-

-

•

*

-

-

4
4

6
3

-

3
2
1

3
3

16
—

•

•

-

-

•

-

*

-

16

-

-

-

-

•

•

•

—

—

16
•

-

-

-

—

-

16

-

-

-

-

•

•

9

-

9

—

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Worcester, Mass., April 1977
Num ber of w orkers receiving straight-tim e weekly earnings of—
Number
Occupation and in du stry d iv is io n
w
orkers

ALL

Average
weekly
hours1
[standard)

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

S
S
S
S
1
S
S
160
180
190
130
140
150
170
Under
and
S
under
130
190
170
140
150
160
180
200

S

s

S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
240
340
360
230
250
260
280
300
320
270

200

210

220

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

300

320

340

360

o ver

2
2

1
1

5
5

4
—
4

6
6

6
6

7
7

8
1
7

11
11

23
4
19

16
5
11

11
1
10

*42
14
28

*

*

*

*

1
1

2
2

13
12

9
8

10
10

37
28

1

5

and

WORKERS

$
$
2 7 5 .5 0 -3 7 4 .0 0
3 3 4 .0 0 -4 0 8 .5 0
2 6 7 .0 0 -3 5 2 .0 0

*

*

72
61

3 7 .5 3 6 3 .0 0 3 6 5 .5 9 3 2 4 .5 9 -4 0 3 .5 0
3 7 .5 3 57 .00 3 5 2 .0 0 3 2 1 .5 0 -4 0 1 .5 0

*

*

COMPUTER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S B ----------------- 1
--------

57

3 7 .0 2 9 2 .5 0 2 8 8 .0 0 2 5 9 .5 0 -3 1 7 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

2

2

4

6

6

4

9

10

7

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) —
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------- --------n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
---------------------------------

165
42
123

3 8 .0 2 8 3 .0 0 2 8 2 .5 0 2 3 9 .5 0 -3 2 4 .5 0
3 8 .5 2 7 7 .0 0 2 7 4 .5 0 2 4 5 .0 0 -3 1 4 .0 0
3 8 .0 2 8 5 .0 0 2 8 8 .0 0 2 2 9 .0 0 -3 2 6 .5 0

*

•
*

-

5
5

2
2

•
*

-

5
5

3
2
1

13
2
11

10
1
9

4
3
1

5
1
4

7
5
2

12
4
8

6
3
3

29
5
24

18
5
13

15
2
13

13 **1 8
3
4
14
10

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) *
C L A S S A ----------- ----------------------- -------------- —
N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------

72
59

3 8 .0 328 .0 0 3 2 6 .5 0 2 8 9 .5 0 -3 5 7 .0 0
3 8 .0 3 2 7 .5 0 326 .5 0 2 8 9 .0 0 -3 5 5 .5 0

*

.

•

.

•

•

6
5

*

17
15

8
6

12
10

11
9

18
14

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) *
C L A S S B ----------- --------------— -----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------ --

61
37

3 8 .5 2 7 1 .0 0 2 7 8 .0 9 2 4 9 .0 0 -2 9 6 .5 0
3 8 .5 2 7 6 .0 0 2 8 2 .0 0 2 5 2 .0 0 -3 0 7 .9 0

*

-

*

*

*

*

*

*

2
1

6
4

3
2

3
1

2
1

7
2

S
3

6
3

12
9

10
7

3
3

2
1

T

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

13
13

14
14

23
10
13

25
9
16

26
9
17

17
6
11

12
3
9

26
4
22

11
2
9

10
3
7

9
9
*

5
5
*

1
1
*

3
3
*

—
-

1
1

10
10

*

*

—
—

*

3

3
-

14
5
9

11

25

3

3

7

5
5
*

1
1
*

■m

22

7
7
*

3
3

8

5
5

10

3

*

-

1
1

10
10

.
•
*

•
•
*

..
••
•

3

1
1

1
1
*

6
2
4

-

2
2

—
-

-

—

—

-

—

-

•
—

—

15
15

17
13

34
34

46
46

19
13

14
14

24
24

18
17

ll
10

38

4

34

29
29

8
8

1
1

1
1

11
11

7
7

5

16
16

6
6

6
6

16
12

28
28

8
8

COMPUTER SY S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) ----------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------- ---------------- -- ---------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G
COMPUTER

SYSTEM S

---------------------------------

144
25
119

$
3 7 .5 3 22 .00
3 8 .5 3 68 .50
3 7 .0 3 1 2 .0 0

$
3 17 .09
3 66 .50
3 0 8 .5 9

*

*

-

•
•
*

—
-

2
2

ANALYSTS

( B U S I N E S S ) * * C L A S S A -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------

COMPUTER O PE R A T O R S -----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------COMPUTER O P E R A T O R S * C L A S S A
M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------------

213
64
149
98
33

65

NONMANUFACTURING — -----

*

-

179 .00
169.00
175.00

1 6 0 .0 0 -2 0 8 .0 0
1 6 2 .0 0 -2 3 5 .0 0
1 5 5 .0 0 -2 0 6 .0 0

7
7

3 8 .5 2 1 8 .0 0 2 0 8 .0 0
3 9 .0 2 1 8 .0 0 229 .0 0
3 8 .0 2 1 8 .0 0 2 0 7 .0 9

1 9 3 .5 0 -2 3 5 .0 0
1 9 1 .5 0 -2 4 2 .0 0
1 9 5 .0 0 -2 2 5 .0 0

.
*

•
*

_
-

186 .50
196.00
182.50

3

‘

“

3

COMPUTER O P E R A T O R S * C L A S S B
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------- -------— —
N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G —
--------------

107
31
76

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

1 5 0 .0 0 -1 7 0 .0 0
1 6 0 .0 0 -1 7 4 .5 0
1 4 2 .5 0 -1 7 0 .0 0

_
*

12
12

14
14

23
10
13

22
6
16

23
9
14

D R A F T E R S ----------- — -------------- -------— —
M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------------

322
302

4 0 .0 2 3 7 .0 0 2 3 0 .0 0 2 0 9 .5 0 -2 7 2 .5 0
4 0 .0 2 3 7 .5 0 2 2 9 .0 0 2 1 1 .0 0 -2 7 4 .0 0

2
2

9
9

9
9

1
1

6
6

14
14

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S A ------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------

115
111

4 0 .0 2 7 2 .0 0 2 7 1 .0 0 2 4 6 .0 0 -3 0 5 .5 0
4 0 .0 2 7 1 .5 0 2 6 4 .0 0 2 4 4 .0 0 -3 1 0 .0 0

.

-

—

-

-

-

*

*

*

*

“

*

*

5

10
10

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S B ----------- —
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------- —
—

•
<

148
146

4 0 .0 2 3 1 .5 0 2 2 0 .0 0 2 0 9 .0 0 -2 6 2 .0 0
4 0 .0 2 3 1 .0 0 2 2 0 .0 0 2 0 9 .0 0 -2 6 0 .0 0

-

•

-

-

5

*

-

*

*

5

8
8

2
2

13
13

10
10

21
21

30
30

7
7

4
4

8
8

12
11

5
4

22
22

1
1

-

*

-

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S C ------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------

47
33

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 7 0 .0 0 -2 2 9 .0 0
1 4 5 .0 0 -2 2 9 .0 0

-

5

5

5

5

1
1

5
5

5

*

1
1

1

1
1

6
2

2
2

9
9

7
1

28

3 9 .0 2 3 6 .0 0 2 39 .50 2 2 4 ,0 0 -2 4 4 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

2

2

3

5

9

2

1

1

-

1

-

-

-

R E G IS T E R E D

*
**

IN D U S T R IA L

NURSES

W o rk e rs w e r e distribu ted as fo llo w s :
W o rk e rs w e r e distribu ted as fo llo w s :

162 .50
173.00
158.50

161 .00
164.00
159 .50

192.50 2 0 0 .0 0
185.00 173.50

-

8

12 at $360 to $380; 7 at $380 to $400; 16 at $400 to $420; 4 at $420 to $440; 2 at $440 to $460; and 1 at $460 to $480.
11 at $360 to $380; 4 at $380 to $400; 2 at $400 to $420; and 1 at $420 to $440.

See footnotes at end of tables.




1
2

5

-

-

•

..

*

—

•

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in Worcester, Mass., April 1977
A v e rage
(m e a n 2 )

Sex,

3

o c c u p a t io n ,

an d in d u s try d iv is io n

A verage
(m ean 2 )

A v e rage
(m e a n 2 )
Nmmber

Numbe.

Number

S ex, 3 o c c u p a tio n ,

and in d u s try d iv is io n

of

S e x , 3 o c c u p a t io n ,

an d in d u s try d iv is io n

of

O F F IC E

-

O C C U P A T IO N S

workers

MEN

O F F IC E O C C U P A T IO N S
WOMEN— C O N T IN U E D

$

M E S S E N G E R S --- M---- —
A C C O U N T IN G

CLERKS.

CLASS

A

--------

38.5

We,eklv
hours
standard)

Wfeekly
earnings1
(standard)

3 6 .0

26

3 7 .5

$
1 2 2 ,5 0

2 8 3 .0 0
2 8 7 .0 0
2 8 1 .5 0

3 8 .0

3 2 2 .5 0

2 6 8 .0 0

134

P R O F E S S IO N A L
O C C U P A T IO N S -

■
----------------

3 6 7 .0 0

3 8 .0

1 8 2 .5 0

81

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

2 1 8 .0 0
2 1 7 .5 0

workers

-

2 1 9 .5 0

W eek ly
earnings1
(standard)

3 8 .5

W eekW
W eek ly
hours
earnings1
[standard) (standard)

W eekly
hours
standard)

3 7 .5

of
workers

COMPUTER

SYSTEM S

l(B U S IN E S S )

-

AND T E C H N IC A L
MEN— C O N T IN U E D
ANALYSTS

C O N T IN U E D

1 6 7 .5 0
3 8 .0

COMPUTER

SYSTEM S

ANALYSTS
55

COMPUTER
574

3 8 .5

SYSTEM S

ANALYSTS

1 8 9 .0 0

2 9 6 .5 0
UKULH

vLtK^b

‘
J""1""" " " "

1 6 4 .0 0

243

37 .S

1 8 2 .0 0

37

3 8 .0

2 2 1 .0 0

201

3 8 .5

2 0 1 .5 0

314

89

3 7 .5

1 9 0 .0 0

283

52

3 9 .5

vU“

U 1t N

rnUUKANWnp

(D y b i l Y t b b ^
33

dCvKs. 1A

CLAo o

A

btCHtl Anltvf LLAbJ

U

n lt )y

™1

*»■■■■■ ® ™ ™

1INw

"■■■

vLCKINb

1 7 0 .0 0

b L L H L 1A n l L b y L L A b b
N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

HAHUr

AV» 1U “ i N v

101
48

3 9 .0
38. S

1 9 0 .5 0
1 9 8 .5 0

COMPUTER

PROGRAMMERS

(B U S IN E S S !*

wHrUltK

1 6 9 .0 0
3 8 .5

rK U u K A n M L IIj

(DUblNkbb / f

49

1 9 0 .0 0

1A K i t b ?
m anufactur

CUAbb U * * * * "
in g
------ -----------------------------------

AbvUUn

236
76

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 4 6 .0 0
1 4 9 .5 0

28

U
90

3 7 .5

1 6 1 .0 0

42

3 9 .5

1 4 7 .5 0

"

13S
1 07

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .0

1 6 7 .0 0
1 6 9 .0 0
1 5 9 .0 0

64
36

3 8 .5
3 9 .5

1 5 7 .0 0
1 6 7 .0 0

•

1 00

3 9 .0

1 6 4 .0 0

-----------------------------------

"■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ "

b 1fNwvKArntKb y u t N t K A L

"

■■■■

1

m a n u f a c t u r in g

COMPUTER O P E R A T O R S ,

CLASS

A

-----------

------------------------- ----------------

1 5 8 .5 0

2 4 0 .0 0
...
3 9 *0
m a n u f a c t u r in g

1 4 3 .5 0

3 8 .5

1 4 2 .5 0

76

-----------------------------------------S8

-

1 5 9 .0 0

UKAr 1t K b o

25

51

d

UK A • 1t K b f

3 9 .0

v L A bb

vLAbb

■■■■■■■■■

L

4 0 .0

2 3 2 .0 0

4 0 .0

1 9 4 .0 0

2 8 4 .0 0

JC
vNAL

MrVU

COM PUTER PROGRAMMERS
P R O F E S S IO N A L

38

3 9 .5

1 2 1 .0 0

(B U S I N E S S )

-------

33

3 8 .0

B -----------

29

4 0 .0

ANO T E C H N IC A L

COMPUTER SY S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
\DUb l> < t b b /
**■ “ 111" a m~ 1" * " " "

COMPUTER

See footn otes at end o f tables.

6

OPERATORS.

CLASS

1 6 5 .0 0

m m

101




f L.U*

3 7 .0

3 1 9 .0 0

28

2 3 6 .0 0

Table A -4 .

Hourly earnings o f m a in ten an ce, toolroom , and p o w erp lan t w o rkers in W orcester, M ass., A pril 1977
Num ber of w orkers receiving straight-tim e hourly earnings of—

vHourly earnings

1 -------T ------X ------- 1 ------ 1 ------ 1 -------~s—
w
orkers

Mean 2 Median2

Middle range 2

Under
3 .7 0

4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0

o
00
•
4*

ALL

X -------X

5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5 .4 0 5 .6 0

T ------ X -------T ------ X

T

5 .8 0 6 .0 0 6 .2 0 6 .4 0 6*60

X ------ 9

1 --------5 -—

>80 7.0 0 7 .2 0 7 .4 0 7 .6 0

and
under
3 .8 0 3 .9 0 4 .0 0

5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5*40 5 .69 5 .8 0

7 .0 0 7.2 0 7 ,4 q 7 .6 0

6.QQ 6 .2 0

o ver

WORKERS

$
$
5 .3 3 - 6 .2 8
5 .3 3 - 6 .2 4

—
-

6 .5 4
6 .5 4

5 .8 9 - 7 .0 0
5 .8 9 - 7 .0 0

•
*

6 .6 9
6 .6 8

6 .8 2
6 .8 2

6 .0 4 - 7 .3 8
6 .0 4 - 7 .2 7

320
306

6 .1 0
6 .0 3

6 .0 4
6 .0 4

(MOTOR V E H I C L E S ) ------ — ---------------- ----------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------- -----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------- ------- ---------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------

102
30
72
49

6 .5 8
6 .3 8
6 .6 7
6 .9 9

M A IN T E N A N C E P I P E F I T T E R S ................... :
------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ............ ....... ............ ............

48
48

M IL L W R IG H T S — -- --------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------- ----------------------------—
M A IN T E N A N C E

M A IN T E N A N C E

X -------Ti-------1 -------X

3 .7 0 3 .8 0 3 .9 0 4 .0 0 4420 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0

Occupation and industry division

CARPENTERS

— — —

manufacturing ------ --------------

-

-

43
42

$
5 .9 3
5 .9 2

129
126

6 .4 9
6 .5 0

69
68

$
6 .0 1
6 .0 1

—

-

2
2

—
-

3
3

3
3

1
—

1

4
4

13

3

—

13

2

-

1
1

16
15

9
9

3
3

2
2

7
7

•

-

4
4

4

1

4

1

11
11

26
26

11
10

4
4

9
9

-

-

-

12
12

7
7

i
i

—

-

—

*

—

—

1
-

7
7

2
2

1
1

4
4

—

3
3

..
—

*•

6
6

2
2

3
3

6
6

5
5

3

—

2
2

3

—

—
-

•

—

•
—

.

*

3

3

6
6

8
8

12
12

6
6

4
3

5 .2 8 - 7 .0 3
5 .1 3 - 7 .0 3

2
2

-

.

-

*

*

*

*

10
10

14
14

23
23

12
12

17
17

10
10

14
14

6
6

35
35

40
60

16
16

3
3

*

25
25

43
43

9
*

32
32

9
4

6 .6 6
6 .6 6
6 .7 5
7 .2 0

5 .8 2 6 .3 6 c
5 .8 2 6 .0 2 ”

7 .2 0
.6 .7 9
7 .3 7
8 .1 5

•
-

*

-

2
2
—

-

•

*

•
*

8
8
—

2
2
—
*

1

*

1
1

7
7
*

11
1
10
10

4
—
4
4

14
9
5
5

-

6 .2 8
6 .2 8

6 .6 6
6 .6 6

6 .0 1 - 6 .8 4
6 .0 1 - 6 .8 4

.
*

•

-

2
2

2
2

3
3

—
*

*

2
2

-

-

*

3
3

7
7

4
4

65
65

6 .1 4
6 .1 4

5 .4 1
5 .4 1

5 .2 1 - 7 .3 4
5 .2 1 - 7 .3 4

•

•

_

*

”

*

1
1

.
*

—

1
1

2
2

H E L P E R S -------------------

69

4 .2 1

4 .2 3

3 .7 5 - 4 .5 0

5

20

TOOL ANO D I E M A K E R S ------- ------------------ --------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------------------

123
123

5 .4 8
5 .4 8

5 .1 5
5 .1 5

5 .0 2 - 6 .0 0
5 .0 2 - 6 .0 0

•

-

-

1
1

16
16

“

-

S T A T IO N A R Y E N G IN E E R S -------- -- ---------------- —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------ --------- ----------- --------------

33
32

6 .1 7
6 .1 7

6 .1 4
6 .1 4

6 .0 6 - 6 .3 4
6 .0 6 - 6 .4 0

•

—

14
14

5
4

1
1

B O IL E R T E N D E R S --------- -----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------------------

36
34

5 .7 5
5 .7 9

5 .7 4
5 .7 4

5 .5 5 - 6 .0 4
5 .5 6 - 6 .0 4

2
2

6
6

-

8
8

M A IN T E N A N C E

E L E C T R IC IA N S

----------- -----------

MANUFACTURING-------- -------------- -------m a in t e n a n c e

------------ ------------------ ----------- -------------- —

m a c h in is t s

m a n u f a c t u r in g

M E C H A N IC S ( M A C H I N E * * ) M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------- ------- ----------- -----------

m a in t e n a n c e

m a in t e n a n c e

*

•

•

“

m e c h a n ic s

TRADES

•

-

-

-

*

•

•

-

.

_

—

“

*

2
2

_

“

*

2
2

28
28

-

2

7

2

28

-

1

1

1

-

-

•

“

2
2

4
4

-

-

5
5

10
10

42
42

6
6

12
12

7
7

•

•
*

•

-

-

_

-

_

.

-

-

“

*

*

4
4

—

2
2

.

.

_

•

_

-

-

-

-

-

.
-

3
3

1
-

-

2
2

2
1

4
4

8
8

-

W o rk ers w e re at $8 to $8.20.

See footn otes at end o f tables.




—
-

11
6
5
-

15
15
12

-

*15

10
10

8
8

6
6

.

-

—

1
1

3
3

2
2

•
-

-

24
24

•

7
7

5
5

6
6

“

-

1
1

6
6

-

_

-

-

•

2

7

“

-

12
10
2
2

—

—

—

—

-

-

•

-

-

-

•
-

-

-

15
15

Table A -5 .

H ourly earnings of m a te ria l m ovem ent and custodial w o rke rs in W orcester, M ass., A pril 1977
Num ber of w orkers receiving straight-tim e hourly earnings of

Hourly earnings *

----s ----1 ---- s
---s
—
1--- 1----I---- s----s--- s--- 1
5.60 6*00 6.40 6.80 7.20 7.60
4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5 .0 0
5 .2 0 5 .4 0

1--- 1 ----S---- 1--- s----$----s----S----3----5----f--- 1
2 ** 0
2

Occupation and industry division
M ed ian 2

M iddle range 2

and
under
2 .»0

ALL

2 »*0

"

2 *^ 0

"

2 .8 0 3 *0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

'

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 *4 0

—

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 Q

3 .6 0

28
10
18

-

3 .6 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

38
11
27

5 .6 0

*

6 «0 fl

f t .

40

$

T R W C K O R IV E R S t L I G H T TRUCK I
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------ ------------i------

5 fl
213
328

6 .0 6
6 .2 4
5 .9 5

$

6 .6 7
6 .9 0
6 .0 0

$

.

■ $

8

14

5 .1 0 * 7 .2 0
5 .5 5 - 7 .0 3
4 .9 4 - 7 .2 0

-

•

—

•

—

*

*

*

8

14

4
4

18
14
4

4

12
4
8

1

5

18

5

18

*

-

—

3

1
1

-

9
9

11
11

26
5
21

55
—

55

25

3 .8 5

3 .6 7

3 .3 1 - 3 .7 5

-

-

-

-

-

10

-

9

2

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

2

105

5 .2 9
3 .3 0

3 .2 5 - 6 .1 5
3 .0 0 * 5 .7 2

.

•

.

8

14
14

16
16

4
4

5

2

—

•

1

•

1

•

*

*

2
1

.

u

4 .7 8
4 .2 2

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

21
21

T R U C K O R IV E R S . H EAVY. TRUCK
( T R A I L E R ) ........................... ..
N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------- --------

274
156

6 .6 5
6 .3 5

7 .0 3
6 .3 8

6 .0 0 - 7 .2 0
6 .0 0 - 7 .2 0

*

*

*

*

—

*

14

**

20
20

*

*

-

T R U C K O R IV E R S * H E A V Y TRUCK
(O T H E R THAN T R A I L E R ) — -----M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------

•5
36

5 .3 6
5 .5 7

5 .3 3
S .5 5

5 .0 0 - 5.8 1
5 .2 7 - 5 .S 6

4

4

4

4

-

*

*

*

-

-

*

13
9

a

-

11
11

3
3

-

$0

4 .5 6

4 .3 6

4 . 3 6 - 4 .3 6

4

6

28

4

-

-

1

-

2

1

2

R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S --------- ------------------ ------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G - .......................... ..............
N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------------------

59
28
31

4 .8 1
4 .5 0
5 .0 8

5 .0 0
4 .2 0
5 .1 0

3 .7 6 - 5 .5 5
3 .7 1 - 5 .0 9
4 .0 0 - 5 .6 0

6
2
4

3
2
1

10
5
5

4
2
2

2
2

5
2
3

S H I P P I N G A N 0 R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S ----------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------------------

99
84

4 .7 1
4 .7 6

4 .5 8
4 .7 9

4 .0 0 - 5 .3 0
3 .9 4 - 5 .6 5

8
8

10
10

1
1

ORDER F I L L E R S * ------------------------------- — ----------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------------------

332
59

4 .8 1
3 .9 5

4 .5 0
3 .7 5

2 .9 0 - 6 .8 5
3 .2 5 - 4 .5 8

•

.

*

-

-

— — --------------------------------------------------------------------------

91
91

4 .4 2
4 .4 2

3 .8 3
3 .8 3

3 .0 2 - 5 .1 0
3 .0 2 - 5 .1 0

4
4

•

M A T E R IA L H A N D L IN G L A B O R E R S -----------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------------------

662
357

5 .0 5
4 .3 1

5 .0 8
4 .0 8

3 .7 9 - 6 .5 0
3 .3 4 - 5 .0 0

*

F O R K L IF T O PE R A T O R S — — ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------ ------------------—

249
210

5 .7 0
5 .4 7

5 .7 6
5 .1 3

4 .5 8 - 7 .0 0
5 .9 8

.

•

4 *4 4 -

*

*

GUARDS ANO WATCHMEN -----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------—

183
89

3 .5 6
4 .3 0

3 .4 7
4 .7 8

2 .3 0 - 4 .7 8
3 .4 7 - 5 .0 5

63
*

*

10
10

GUAR0SI
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------- -------------------------------

50

4 .7 1

4 .8 9

4 .4 5 - 5 .0 5

-

-

-

39

3 .7 8

3 .4 7

2 .8 0 - 4 .8 9

-

-

3 .3 1
4 .4 7

2 .8 5 - 4 .4 7
3 .6 8 - 5 .2 3

10
6

4
4

T R U C K 0 R IV E R S . M EDIUM TRUCK
N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------

CLERKS

S H I P P I N G PA C K E R S
M A N U F A C T U R IN G

—

WATOHMENI
M A N U F A C T U R IN G —

—

—

— ----------------------

— —

—

J A N IT O R S , P O R T E R S , AN0 CLE A N E R S — M A N U F A C T U R IN G — —
----------------— ----------

*
**

7 .6 Q

o ^ g i

WORKERS

-*<------ —
—
---------- M A N U F A C T U R IN C - .............. ...........
NONM ANUF A C T U R IM G ----------- --------

t r u c h d r iv e r s

S H IP P IN G

6 . BO 7 , t o

725
2?8

Workers w ere at $7.60 to $8.
Workers w ere distributed as follows:

3 .7 0
4 .4 1

8

*

14
*

*

-

*

-

*

-

-

-

•

4

-

-

-

-

4

*

-

*

-

-

3
2
1

•

•

•

—

-

6

•

4

2

2

4
2
2

10
10

11
11

1
1

10
5

4

_

*

*

-

-

1
1

-

-

*

10
10

8
5

7

-

-

*

11
7

22
10

1
1

7
7

-

91
91

-

-

93
30
63

-

*6 7
2
65

-

—

2

*

*

—

5
5

88

93
63

5
5

11
2

3
3

-

-

2

-

-

-

•

•

7

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

7

*

-

4
4

19
19

-

.

_

•

-

-

1
1

-

11
-

1
1

-

-

1
1

8
8

37
12

8
8

43
43

23
21

-

8

•

6
6

23
1

49
49

*

-

*

-

-

-

-

26
2

28
4

40
4

13
1

26
14

8
4

2
2

*

8
8

2
2

10
10

8
8

2
2

2
2

13
13

2
2

4

5
5

6
6

5
5

_

2

40
38

19
18

14

26
'26

44

14

44

24
24

10
10

21
8

16
8

41
25

37
37

30
14

46
22

13
9

2
2

4
4

2
2

3
3

8
8

2
2

25
25

19
19

13
13

13
13

13
13

8
8

-

7
7

2

4

10
10

5
*

8
2

2
1

8
3

15
6

6
6

16
16

19
19

5
5

1
1

2
2

•

•

1

•

*

*

*

—

3

-

1

-

-

2

1

1

6

6

9

18

1

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

10

4

-

-

10

-

-

-

2

-

-

7

1

4

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

142
8

128
27

40
4

54
18

18
8

32
17

26
22

29
27

23
21

6
4

11
11

19
9

88

43
42

2

•

.

2
2

-

50
2

14 at $7.60 to $8; 6 at $8.40 to $8.80; and 6 at $9.20 to $9.60.

See footnotes at end of tables.




2

-

39
24
15

8

4

68

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

13
13

3
3

3
3

209
15

3
3

9
9

5
5

2

40
5

-

*

130

1 **2 6
26
1

Sex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

A verage
(m ean 2
hourly
earnings4

)

Sex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

m a i n t e n a n c e * t o o l r o o m * and
POWERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - MEN

Number
of
workers

Average
(m ean 2 )
hourly
earnings 4

MATERIAL MOVEMENT a n d CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS ^ E N — CONTINUED
$
5.92

MAINTENANCE e l e c t r i c i a n s ---------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----- -------------

129.
126

6.49
6.50

m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----- -----------

68

6.68

320
306

6.10
6.03

C
O

TRUCKDRIVERS - CONTINUED

42

102

6.58

59
28

4.50

84

4.76

314
41

4.89
4.25

—

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY) maintenance

TRUCK0RIVERS* H E A W TRUCK
(TRAILER)-------------- --------NONMANUFACTURING --------- -----TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK
MANUFACTURING -------------------

mechanics

48

6.28 ORDER FILLERS ..... .. ....... ......
.

274
156
IA *0




Table A -6 . A verage hourly earnings of m aintenance, toolroom ,
pow erp lan t, m aterial m ovem ent, and custodial w o rkers,
by sex, in W o rcester, M ass., A pril 1977

$
6.65
6.35
5.36
5.57

4.21
123

5.48

33

6.17

36

5.75

4.35
206

GUARDS I
material

movement

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS --n flftU r

328

1 N U v ia

4.71

649

3.71

76

3.56

1 U K 1 r(U

5.95
MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL

TRUCKDRIVEKSt LIGHT TRUCKx
n L U iU n

4.30

WATCHMEN!

and custodial

OCCUPATIONS - MEN

I N U v ' ' U K I v t < '* I V

89
50

MANUFACTURING -------------------

5.49

"

105

4.78 JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS — -

See footnotes at end of tables.

9

Table A -7. P ercent increases in average hourly earnings, adjusted for
em plo ym ent shifts, fo r selected occupational groups
in W orcester, M ass., for selected periods
In d u s tr y and o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p 5

A l l in d u s tr ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ____________________________________________
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g ____________________________
In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s ______________________________________ _
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s
U n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s
M a n u fa c tu r in g :
O f f ic e c l e r i c a l ____________________________________________
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s i n g _________________________ _
In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s .
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s
U n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l
F .le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g
In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s ________________________________________
U n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s

M a y 1972
to
M a y 1973

M a y 1973
to
M a y 1974

M a y 1974
to
M a y 1975

6.1

7.0

(6 )
4.5
5.0
8.0

(6)
8.3
8.2
5.9

6.3

iV

M a y 1975 to A p r i l 1976

A p r i l 1976
to
A p r i l 1977

11 -m o n th
in c r e a s e

A n n u a l r a te
o f in c r e a s e

8.4
9.3
10.3
9.2
5.5

7.6
5.6
9.6
6.2
8.1

8.3
6.1
10.5
6.8
8.9

6.8
5.9
6.1
7.9
6.9

6.5

10.6

7.8

(6)
4.1
5.0
8.5

( 6)
8.5
8.3
5.2

(? )
(6)
9.3
4.7

(? )
(6)
6.0
6.6

8.5
(6)
(6)
6.6
7.2

5.8
( 6)
(6)

6.9
( 6)
(6)

(6 )

( 6)

(6)
9.5
(6)
7.7

7.4
4.5
( 6)
11.2

8.1
4.9
(6 )
12.3

(? )
( 6)
7.8
7.3

7.1
6.1
(6)
(6)

Footnotes1
2
1 S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e f le c t th e w o rk w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e
s a la r ie s ( e x c lu s iv e o f pay f o r o v e r t im e a t r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a te s ) , and th e e a rn in g s c o r re s p o n d
to th e s e w e e k ly h o u rs .
2 T h e m e a n is c o m p u te d f o r e a c h jo b b y t o ta lin g th e e a rn in g s o f a l l w o r k e r s and d iv id in g by
th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a te s p o s itio n — h a lf o f th e w o r k e r s r e c e iv e th e sam e o r
m o r e and h a lf r e c e iv e th e s a m e o r le s s th a n th e r a te show n.
T h e m id d le ra n g e is d e fin e d b y tw o
ra te s o f pa y; a fo u r th o f th e w o r k e r s e a r n th e sa m e o r le s s th a n th e lo w e r o f th e s e r a te s and a
f o u r th e a r n th e sa m e o r m o re th a n th e h ig h e r ra te .




3 E a rn in g s d a ta r e la t e o n ly to w o r k e r s w h o se sex id e n t if ic a t io n w a s p r o v i d e d b y th e
e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts .
5 Estim ates for periods ending prior to 1976 relate to men only for skilled maintenance and
unskilled plant w orkers.
A ll other estimates relate to men and women.
6 Data do not meet publication c riteria or data not available.

10

Appendix A.
Scope and Method
of Survey
D ata on a r e a w a g e s and r e la te d b e n e fits a r e o b ta in ed b y p e r s o n a l
v is it s o f B u reau f ie ld r e p r e s e n t a t iv e s at 3 - y e a r in t e r v a ls .
In ea c h o f the
in te r v e n in g y e a r s , in fo r m a tio n on e m p lo y m e n t and o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s is
c o lle c te d b y a c o m b in a tio n o f p e r s o n a l v is it , m a il q u e s tio n n a ire , and t e l e ­
phone in t e r v ie w f r o m e s ta b lis h m e n ts p a r tic ip a tin g in the p r e v io u s s u r v e y .
In ea c h o f the 74 1 a r e a s c u r r e n t ly s u r v e y e d , data a r e ob ta in ed f r o m
r e p r e s e n ta tiv e e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b ro a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s : M a n u fa c ­
tu rin g ; tr a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le
tr a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r
in d u s try g ro u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th es e s tu d ies a r e g o v e rn m e n t o p e r a tio n s and
the c o n s tru c tio n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s tr ie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a vin g f e w e r than
a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d b e c a u s e o f in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y ­
m en t in the o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied . S e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d fo r each
o f the b ro a d in d u s try d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e con du cted on a s a m p le b a s is .
T h e sa m p lin g
p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d e ta ile d s t r a t ific a t io n o f a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the
sc o p e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y in d u s tr y and n u m b e r o f e m p lo y e e s .
F r o m th is s t r a t ifie d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ilit y s a m p le is s e le c te d , w ith each
e s ta b lis h m e n t h a vin g a p r e d e te r m in e d ch an ce o f s e le c tio n . T o ob ta in o p tim u m
a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r p r o p o r tio n o f la r g e than s m a ll e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts is s e le c te d .
W hen data a r e co m b in e d , ea c h e s ta b lis h m e n t is
w e ig h te d a c c o r d in g to its p r o b a b ilit y o f s e le c tio n , so that u n b ia sed e s tim a te s
a r e g e n e r a te d . F o r e x a m p le , i f one out o f fo u r e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c te d ,
it is g iv e n a w e ig h t o f 4 to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f p lus th r e e o th e r s . A n a lte r n a te
o f the s a m e o r ig in a l p r o b a b ility is ch o sen in the s a m e in d u s t r y - s iz e c l a s s i ­
fic a t io n i f data a r e not a v a ila b le f r o m the o r ig in a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
I f no
s u ita b le su b stitu te is a v a ila b le , a d d itio n a l w e ig h t is a s s ig n e d to a s a m p le
m e m b e r th at is s im ila r to the m is s in g unit.
O c c u p a tio n s and e a rn in g s
O c c u p a tio n s s e le c te d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y o f m a n u fa c ­
tu rin g and n o n m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f the fo llo w in g ty p e s : (1 )
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (2 ) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (3 ) m a in te n a n c e , to o lr o o m ,
and p o w e r p la n t; and (4 ) m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t and c u s to d ia l.
O c c u p a tio n a l
c la s s ific a t io n is b a sed on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d e s ig n e d to take
a c c ount o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n in d u ties w ith in the s a m e jo b .
O ccu p ation s s e le c te d fo r study a r e lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d in ap p e n d ix B.
' Included in the 74 areas are 4 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are Akron,
Ohio; Birmingham, A la .; Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, Va. —N. C . ; and
Syracuse, N .Y . In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 100 areas at the
request of the Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department of Labor.




U n le s s o t h e r w is e in d ic a te d , the e a r n in g s data fo llo w in g the jo b
t it le s a r e f o r a ll in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d .
E a r n in g s data fo r s o m e o f the
o c c u p a tio n s lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u s try d iv is io n s w ith in the
s c o p e o f the s u r v e y , a r e n ot p r e s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s b e ca u s e
e it h e r (1 ) e m p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n is to o s m a ll to p ro v id e enough data
to m e r it p r e s e n ta tio n , o r (2 ) th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l
e s ta b lis h m e n t d ata. S e p a r a te m e n 's and w o m e n 's e a rn in g s data a r e n ot
p re s e n te d w hen the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s not id e n tifie d b y s e x is 20 p e r c e n t
o r m o r e o f the m en o r w o m e n id e n tifie d in an oc c u p a tio n .
E a r n in g s data
n o t shown s e p a r a t e ly f o r in d u s tr y d iv is io n s a r e in c lu d e d in data f o r a ll
in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d .
L ik e w is e , f o r occ u p a tio n s w ith m o r e than one le-vel,
data a r e in c lu d e d in the o v e r a l l c la s s ific a t io n w hen a s u b c la s s ific a tio n is
n ot shown o r in fo r m a tio n to s u b c la s s ify is n ot a v a ila b le .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a rn in g s data a r e shown f o r fu ll- t im e
w o r k e r s , i. e ., th ose h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly sch ed u le.
E a rn in g s
data e x c lu d e p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w e ek en d s, h o lid a y s ,
and la te s h ifts .
N o n p ro d u c tio n b on u ses a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a llo w a n c e s and in c e n tiv e b on u ses a r e in clu d ed .
W e e k ly h ou rs f o r o ffic e
c l e r i c a l and p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l occ u p a tio n s r e f e r to the stan dard
w o rk w e e k (ro u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r) f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e
r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r tim e at r e g u la r
a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ). A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s f o r th e s e o ccu p atio n s a re
rou n ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r . V e r t i c a l lin e s w ith in the d is trib u tio n o f
w o r k e r s on s o m e A - t a b le s in d ic a te a chan ge in the s iz e o f the c la s s in t e r v a ls .

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s in an a r e a
a t a p a r t ic u la r tim e . C o m p a ris o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
tim e m a y n ot r e f le c t e x p e c te d w a g e c h a n ge s . T h e a v e r a g e s fo r in d iv id u a l job s
a r e a ffe c t e d b y ch an ges in w a g e s and e m p lo y m e n t p a tte r n s .
F o r e x a m p le ,
p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y h ig h - o r lo w - w a g e f ir m s m a y chan ge, o r
h ig h -w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d v a n c e to b e tte r jo b s and be r e p la c e d b y new
w o r k e r s a t lo w e r r a te s . Such s h ifts in e m p lo y m e n t cou ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u ­
p a tio n a l a v e r a g e e v e n though m o s t e s ta b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a in c r e a s e w a g e s
d u rin g the y e a r . C h an ges in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s, shown in tab le
A - 7 , a r e b e t t e r in d ic a to r s o f w a g e tr e n d s than a r e e a rn in g s chan ges fo r
in d iv id u a l jo b s w ith in the g ro u p s .

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s ite , a r e a w id e e s tim a te s . In d u s trie s
and e s ta b lis h m e n ts d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and jo b s ta ffin g , and thus c o n trib u te
d if fe r e n t ly to the e s tim a te s f o r ea c h jo b . P a y a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e ly the w a g e d if fe r e n t ia l am on g jo b s in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts .

A v e r a g e p a y le v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s should
n o t be a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d iffe r e n c e s in p a y o f the s e x e s w ith in in d iv id u a l
e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
F a c t o r s w h ich m a y c o n trib u te to d iffe r e n c e s in c lu d e p r o ­
g r e s s io n w ith in e s ta b lis h e d r a te r a n g e s (o n ly the r a te s p a id in cu m b en ts a r e
c o lle c t e d ) and p e r fo r m a n c e o f s p e c ific d u ties w ith in the g e n e r a l s u r v e y jo b
d e s c r ip t io n s . Job d e s c r ip tio n s u s e d to c la s s if y e m p lo y e e s in th e s e s u r v e y s
u s u a lly a r e m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th o s e u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts
and a llo w f o r m in o r d if fe r e n c e s am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts in s p e c ific d u ties
pe r fo r m e d .

E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g

S k ille d m a in ten a n ce

C om p u ter s y s te m s
a n a ly s ts , c la s s e s
A , B, and C
C om p u ter p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c la s s e s A , B, and C
C om p u ter o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s e s A , B, and C

C a rp e n te r s
E le c t r ic ia n s
P a in te rs
M a ch in is ts
M e ch a n ic s (m a ch in e ry )
M e ch a n ic s (m o to r v e h ic le )
P ip e fitte r s
T o o l and d ie m a k e rs

O ccu p a tion a l em p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a ll e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e o f the study and n ot the n u m b er a c tu a lly -s u r v e y e d .
B e ca u se o c cu p a tio n a l s tru c tu re s am ong e sta b lis h m e n ts d iffe r , e s tim a te s o f
o c cu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t obtain ed fr o m the sa m p le o f esta b lis h m e n ts studied
s e r v e o n ly to in d ica te the r e la tiv e im p o rta n ce o f the jo b s stu d ied.
T h ese
d iffe r e n c e s in o c cu p a tio n a l s tru c tu re do not a ffe c t m a te r ia lly the a c c u r a c y o f
the ea rn in g s data.

In d u s tria l n u r s e s

U n sk illed plant

R e g is t e r e d in d u stria l
n u rses

J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and
c le a n e r s
M a te r ia l handling la b o r e r s

W age tren d s f o r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l g rou p s
The p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s p r e s e n te d in ta ble A - 7 a re b a se d on ch a n ges
in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f m en and w om en in esta b lis h m e n ts r e p o rtin g the
tren d jo b s in both the c u r r e n t and p r e v io u s y e a r (m a tch ed e s ta b lis h m e n ts ).
T h e data a r e ad ju sted to r e m o v e the e ffe c t s on a v e r a g e ea rn in g s o f e m p lo y ­
m en t sh ifts am ong e sta b lis h m e n ts and tu r n o v e r o f e sta b lis h m e n ts in clu d ed
in s u r v e y s a m p le s .
The p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a r § s t ill a ffe c te d by
fa c t o r s oth e r than w age in c r e a s e s . H ir in g s , la y o ffs , and tu rn o v e r m a y a ffe c t
an esta b lis h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an o c cu p a tio n w hen w o r k e r s a re p a id u n d er plans
p r o v id in g a range o f w age r a te s f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s . In p e r io d s o f in c r e a s e d
h ir in g , f o r e x a m p le , new e m p lo y e e s m a y e n te r at the b o tto m o f the ran ge,
d e p r e s s in g the a v e r a g e w ithout a change in w age r a te s .
The p e r c e n t ch a n g es r e la te to w age ch a n g es b etw een the in d ica ted
d a te s . W hen the tim e span betw een su r v e y s is o th e r than 12 m on th s, annual
r a te s a r e show n,
(it is a s su m e d that w a g e s in c r e a s e at a con stan t rate
b etw een s u r v e y s .)
O ccu p a tio n s u s e d to com p u te w age tre n d s a r e :

O ffic e c l e r i c a l

O r d e r c le r k s
A cco u n tin g c le r k s ,
c la s s e s A and B
B ook k eepin g -m a ch in e
o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B
P a y r o ll c le r k s
K eypu n ch o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s e s A and B

a r e a s in the p r o g r a m a r e com p u ted

1. A v e r a g e ea rn in g s a r e com p u ted f o r ea ch occu p a tio n fo r
the 2 y e a r s bein g c o m p a r e d . The a v e r a g e s a r e d e r iv e d
fr o m ea rn in g s in th ose e sta b lis h m e n ts w h ich a re in
the s u r v e y both y e a r s ; it is a s su m e d that e m p loy m en t
r e m a in s u nchan ged.
2.

E a ch o c cu p a tio n is a s s ig n e d a w eigh t b a sed on its p r o ­
p o rtio n a te e m p lo y m e n t in the o c cu p a tio n a l g rou p in the
base y ear.

3.

T h e se w eig h ts a r e u sed to com p u te g ro u p a v e r a g e s .
E a ch o c c u p a t io n 's a v e r a g e e a rn in g s (co m p u te d in step 1)
is m u ltip lie d b y its w eig h t. The p r o d u c ts a r e tota led to
obtain a g rou p a v e r a g e .

4.

The r a tio o f g rou p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s is
com p u ted b y d iv id in g the a v e r a g e f o r the c u r r e n t y e a r b y
the a v e r a g e f o r the e a r lie r y e a r . The r e s u lt— e x p r e s s e d
as a p e r c e n t— le s s 100 is the p e r c e n t ch a n g e.

F o r a m o r e d e ta ile d d e s c r ip t io n o f the m eth od u s e d to com p u te th ese
w ag e tr e n d s , see "Im p r o v in g A r e a W age S u r v e y I n d e x e s ," M onthly L a b o r
R e v ie w , Janu ary 1973, p p. 5 2 -5 7 .

O ffic e c l e r i c a l — C ontinued

S e c r e t a r ie s
S te n o g r a p h e rs , g e n e r a l
S te n o g r a p h e rs , s e n io r
T y p is t s , c la s s e s A and B
F ile c le r k s , c la s s e s A ,
B, and C
M essen g ers
S w itch b oa rd o p e r a t o r s

P e r c e n t ch a n g es f o r in divi
as fo llo w s :

E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w ag e p r o v is io n s




T a b u la tion s on s e le c t e d e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry
w ag e p r o v is io n s ( B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) a re n ot p r e s e n te d in th is b u lletin . I n fo r ­
m a tio n f o r th e se ta bu la tion s is c o lle c t e d at 3 -y e a r in te r v a ls . T h e se ta bu ­
la tion s on m in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s f o r in e x p e r ie n c e d o ffic e w o r k e r s ; sh ift
d iffe r e n t ia ls ; sch e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s and d a y s; p a id h o lid a y s ; paid v a c a tio n s ;
and h ealth , in s u r a n ce , and p e n sio n pla n s a r e p r e s e n te d (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s )
in p r e v io u s b u lle tin s f o r th is a r e a .

A ppendix ta b le 1. E stablishm ents and w orkers w ith in scope of survey and num ber studied
in W o rcester, M a s s .,1 A pril 1977
I n d u s t r y d iv is io n 2

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m e n ts in scope
o f s tu d y

W ith in scope
o f s tu d y *

S tu d ie d

S tu d ie d
Num ber

P e rc e n t

93

54,892

100

34*050

50
-

157
150

A3
SO

31*604
23*288

58
42

18*177
15*873

50
50
50
50
50

9
25
77
16
23

B
7
18
*8
9

4.480
2*106
9.111
5.388
2*203

8
4
17
10
4

4*365
897
5,292
4*337
982

1 T he W o r c e s te r S ta n d a rd M e tr o p o lit a n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d b y th e
O ffic e o f M a n a g e m e n t and B u dget th ro u g h F e b r u a r y 1974, c o n s is ts o f th e c it y o f
W o r c e s te r , and th e to w n s o f A u b u r n , B e r lin , B o y ls to n , B r o o k f ie ld , C h a rlto n , E a s t
B r o o k f ie ld , G ra fto n , H o ld e n , L e ic e s t e r , M il lb u r y , N o rth b o r o u g h , N o r th b r id g e , N o r th
B r o o k f ie ld , O x fo r d , P a x to n , S h re w s b u ry , S p e n c e r, S t e r lin g , S u tto n , U p to n , U x b rid g e ,
W e s tb o ro u g h , W e s t B o y ls to n , and W e b s te r in W o r c e s te r C o u n ty .
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in
scope o f s tu d y " e s tim a te s show n in t h is ta b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u ra te
d e s c r ip tio n o f th e s iz e and c o m p o s itio n o f th e la b o r fo r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u rv e y .
E s tim a te s a r e not in te n d e d , h o w e v e r, f o r c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s
to m e a s u re e m p lo y m e n t tre n d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1) p la n n in g o f w age s u rv e y s r e q u ir e s
e s ta b lis h m e n t d a ta c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in ad v a n c e o f th e p a y r o ll p e r io d s tu d ie d ,
and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e scope o f th e s u rv e y .
2 T h e 1972 e d itio n o f th e S ta n d a rd I n d u s t r ia l C la s s ific a tio n M a n u a l w a s used
in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n .
H o w e v e r, a l l
g o v e rn m e n t
o p e ra tio n s a re e x c lu d e d f r o m th e scope o f th e s u rv e y .
3 In c lu d e s a l l e s ta b lis h m e n ts w it h t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t at o r above th e m in im u m
li m it a t io n . A l l o u tle ts ( w ith in th e a re a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in in d u s tr ie s s u c h as tr a d e ,
fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tio n p ic tu r e th e a te rs a re c o n s id e re d as 1
e s ta b lis h m e n t.




W o r k e rs in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
W ith in scope o f s tu d y 4

307

ALL DI V I S I O N S ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ■
_________________________
NONMANUFACTURING--------- ---------- ---- -----t r a n s p o r t a t i o n * c o m m u n i c a t i o n * and
OTHER PUBLIC UTILITIES3 -------------------w h o l e s a l e t r a d e 6 ----------------- ----------RETAIL TRADE6 -------------------------------FINANCE* i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e 6 ------SERVICES 6 7 « ----- — ----- ...------ ---------~

N u m b e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

4 In c lu d e s a l l w o r k e r s in a l l e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t ( w ith in the
a re a ) at o r above th e m in im u m lim it a t io n .
5 A b b re v ia te d to " p u b lic u t i l i t i e s " in th e A - s e r ie s ta b le s .
T a x ic a b s and
s e r v ic e s in c id e n ta l to w a te r t r a n s p o r ta t io n a re e x c lu d e d .
6 T h is d iv is io n is re p r e s e n te d in e s t i m a t e s
f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and
" n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in th e A - s e r ie s ta b le s .
S e p a ra te p re s e n ta tio n o f d a ta is not
m a d e f o r one o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g re a s o n s : (1) E m p lo y m e n t is to o s m a ll to
p r o v id e enough d a ta to m e r i t s e p a ra te s tu d y , (2) th e s a m p le w a s n o t d e s ig n e d in it ia l ly
to p e r m it s e p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) re s p o n s e w a s in s u ff ic ie n t o r in a d e q u a te to
p e r m it s e p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) t h e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l
e s ta b lis h m e n t d a ta .
7 H o te ls and m o te ls ; la u n d r ie s and o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ;
a u to m o b ile r e p a ir , r e n t a l, and p a r k in g ; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e rs h ip
o r g a n iz a tio n s (e x c lu d in g r e lig io u s and c h a r ita b le o r g a n iz a tio n s ) ; and e n g in e e rin g
and a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .

13

Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
T h e p r im a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r ip tio n s f o r the B u ­
r e a u 's w age s u r v e y s is to a s s i s t its fie ld s ta ff in c la s s ify in g in to a p p r o ­
p r ia te o c cu p a tio n s w ork e'rs w ho a r e e m p lo y e d u n d er a v a r ie ty o f p a y r o ll
title s and d iffe r e n t w o rk a r r a n g e m e n ts fr o m esta b lis h m e n t to e s t a b lis h ­
m en t and fr o m a r e a to a r e a . T h is p e r m it s the g rou pin g o f o c cu p a tio n a l
w age r a te s r e p re s e n tin g c o m p a r a b le jo b con ten t. B e ca u se o f th is e m p h a ­
s is on in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t and in te r a r e a c o m p a r a b ility o f o c cu p a tio n a l
con ten t, the B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r ip t io n s m a y d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m th ose
in u se in in d iv id u a l e sta b lis h m e n ts o r th o se p r e p a r e d fo r oth e r p u r p o s e s .
In ap plying th e se jo b d e s c r ip t io n s , the B u r e a u 's fie ld e c o n o m is t s a r e
in s tru cte d to e x clu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p r e n tic e s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g in ­
n e r s ; and p a r t -t im e , te m p o r a r y , and p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s . H an dicap ped
w o r k e r s w h o s e ea rn in g s a r e re d u ce d b e c a u s e o f th e ir h an d icap a r e a ls o
e x c lu d e d .
T r a in e e s a r e e x clu d e d fr o m the s u r v e y e x ce p t f o r th ose r e ­
c e iv in g o n - t h e - jo b tra in in g in so m e o f the lo w e r le v e l p r o fe s s io n a l and
te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s .

Office
SECRETARY

S E C R E T A R Y — C ontinued

A s s ig n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to one in d iv id u a l. M a in ­
ta in s a c lo s e and h ig h ly r e s p o n s iv e re la tio n s h ip to the d a y -t o -d a y w o rk o f the
s u p e r v is o r . W o r k s f a i r ly in d ep en d en tly r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d eta iled
s u p e r v is io n and g u id a n ce . P e r fo r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l d u ties,
u s u a lly in clu d in g m o s t o f the fo llo w in g ;

M ay a ls o p e r fo r m o th e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l ta sk s o f c o m p a ra b le
n atu re and d iffic u lty . The w o rk ty p ic a lly r e q u ir e s k n ow led ge o f o ffic e routine
and u n derstan d in g o f the o r g a n iz a tio n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s re la te d to
the w o rk o f the s u p e r v is o r .

E x c lu s io n s
a . R e c e iv e s telep h on e c a lls , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and in co m in g m a il,
a n s w e r s rou tin e in q u ir ie s , and ro u te s te c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s to the p r o p e r
person s;
b.
c.
in s tr u c te d ;

E s ta b lis h e s ,

m a in ta in s,

and r e v is e s the s u p e r v i s o r 's f ile s ;

M ain tain s the s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r and m a k es ap poin tm en ts as

N ot a ll p o s itio n s that a r e title d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the a b ove c h a r ­
a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p le s o f p o s itio n s w h ich a r e e x clu d e d fr o m the d efin ition a r e
as fo llo w s :
a. P o s itio n s w h ich
d e s c r ib e d a b o v e ;
b.

d.

R e la y s m e s s a g e s fr o m

s u p e r v is o r to su b o rd in a te s;

e . R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o ra n d a , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d by
o th e r s f o r the s u p e r v i s o r 's sig n a tu re to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and ty p o g ra p h ic
accu racy;
f.

P e r fo r m s




ste n o g r a p h ic and typing w o rk .

sio n a l,

do n ot m e e t the " p e r s o n a l" s e c r e t a r y

con cept

S te n o g ra p h e rs n ot fu lly tra in ed in s e c r e t a r ia l-t y p e du ties;

c . S te n o g ra p h e rs s e r v in g as o ffic e a s s is ta n ts to a grou p o f p r o f e s ­
te c h n ic a l, o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ;

d. S e c r e t a r y p o s itio n s in w h ich the d u ties a r e e ith e r su b sta n tia lly
m o r e rou tin e o r su b s ta n tia lly m o r e c o m p le x and r e s p o n s ib le that th ose c h a r ­
a c t e r iz e d in the d e fin itio n ;

SECRETARY— Continued

SECRETARY— Continued
C la s s C

E x c lu s io n s — C ontinued

e.
A s s is ta n t -ty p e p o s itio n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e
1. S e c r e ta r y to an e x e cu tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n w h ose r e s p o n ­
r e s p o n s ib le te c h n ic a l, a d m in is tra tiv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c l e r i c a l
s ib ility is not equ ivalen t to one o f the s p e c ific le v e l situ ations in the d efin ition
d u ties w h ich a r e not ty p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r ia l w ork .
fo r c la s s B , but w h ose o r g a n iz a tio n a l unit n o r m a lly n u m bers at le a st s e v e r a l
d o ze n e m p lo y e e s and is u su a lly d iv id ed in to o rg a n iz a tio n a l seg m en ts w hich a re
o fte n , in tu rn , fu rth er su b d iv id ed . In som e c o m p a n ie s , th is le v e l in clu d e s a
N O T E : The te r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u sed in the le v e l d e fin itio n s
w ide ran ge o f o r g a n iz a tio n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o th e r s , on ly one o r tw o; o r
fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to th o se o ffic ia l s who have a sig n ifica n t c o r p o r a te w id e
p o licy m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r com p a n y a c tiv it ie s .
The title "v ic e
2. S e c r e ta r y to the head o f an in d iv id u a l plant, fa c t o r y , e tc . (o r
p r e s id e n t, " though n o r m a lly in d ic a tiv e o f th is r o le , d o e s not in a ll c a s e s
oth e r eq u iv a len t le v e l o f o ffic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0
id e n tify such p o s itio n s .
V ic e p r e s id e n ts w h ose p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ility is to
person s.
a ct p e r s o n a lly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r tr a n s a ctio n s ( e .g ., a p p rov e o r deny
in d iv id u a l loan o r c r e d it a c tio n s ; a d m in iste r in d iv id u a l tru st a c c o u n ts ; d ir e c t ly
C la s s D
s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l staff) a r e not c o n s id e r e d to be "c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r
1. S e c r e ta r y to the s u p e r v is o r o r head o f a s m a ll o rg a n iz a tio n a l unit
p u r p o s e s o f applying the fo llo w in g le v e l d e fin it io n s .
( e .g ., fe w e r than about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ); c>r
C la s s A
1. S e c r e ta r y to the ch a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t o f a com p a n y
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

2 . S e c r e ta r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s t a f f s p e c ia lis t, p r o fe s s io n a l
e m p lo y e e , a d m in istra tiv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s is ta n t, s k ille d tech n icia n , o r e x p e rt.
(N O T E : M any co m p a n ie s a s sig n s t e n o g r a p h e rs , ra th er than s e c r e t a r ie s as
d e s c r ib e d a b o v e , to th is le v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)
ST E N O G R A PH E R

2. S e c r e ta r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r than the ch a irm a n o f the
b o a rd o r p r e sid e n t) o f a com p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 but fe w e r
than 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r *
3
2
1
3. S e c r e ta r y to the h ead, im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the c o r p o r a t e o f f ic e r
le v e l, o f a m a jo r seg m en t o r s u b s id ia r y o f a c om p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll,
o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la s s B

P r im a r y duty is to take d icta tion u sin g sh orth an d, and to t r a n s c r ib e
the d icta tio n .
M ay a ls o type fr o m w ritten c o p y .
M ay op era te fr o m a ste n o ­
g ra p h ic p o o l.
M ay o c c a s io n a lly tr a n s c r ib e fr o m v o ic e r e c o r d in g s (if p r im a r y
duty is tr a n s c r ib in g fr o m r e c o r d in g s , se e T r a n s c r ib in g -M a c h in e T y p is t).
N O T E : T h is jo b is d istin g u ish ed fr o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a lly w o r k s in a co n fid e n tia l r e la tio n s h ip with on ly one m a n a ger
o r e x e cu tiv e and p e r fo r m s m o r e r e s p o n s ib le and d is c r e tio n a r y ta sk s as
d e s c r ib e d in the s e c r e t a r y jo b d efin ition .

1. S e c r e ta r y to the ch a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t o f a c om p a n y
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
2. S e c r e ta r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (oth er than the ch a irm a n o f the
b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t) o f a com p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r
than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to the h ead, im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the o f f ic e r le v e l, o v e r
e ith e r a m a jo r c o r p o r a t io n w ide fu n ction a l a c tiv ity ( e .g ., m a rk e tin g , r e s e a r c h ,
o p e r a t io n s , in d u s tr ia l r e la t io n s , e tc .) o r a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a tio n a l
se g m e n t ( e .g ., a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a rte rs ; a m a jo r d iv is io n ) o f a com p a n y that
e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but fe w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p lo y e e s ; o r
4 . S e c r e ta r y to the head o f an in d iv id u a l plant, fa c t o r y , e t c . (o r
o th e r eq u iv a len t le v e l o f o ffic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
5. S e c r e ta r y to the head o f a la rg e and im p orta n t o r g a n iz a tio n a l
se g m e n t ( e .g ., a m id d le m a n a gem en t s u p e r v is o r o f an o r g a n iz a tio n a l seg m en t
o fte n in v o lv in g as m a n y as s e v e r a l hundred p e r s o n s ) o r a c om p a n y that
e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .




15

S ten og ra p h er, G e n e ra l
k eep

D icta tion in v o lv e s a n o r m a l rou tin e v o c a b u la r y . M ay m ain tain f ile s ,
sim p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r fo r m oth er r e la t iv e ly routine c l e r i c a l ta sk s .
S ten og ra p h er, S en ior

D icta tion in v o lv e s a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l dr s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such
as in le g a l b r ie fs o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h .
M ay a ls o set up and
m a in ta in f i l e s , k eep r e c o r d s , e tc .
OR
P e r fo r m s ste n o g ra p h ic d u ties r e q u irin g sig n ifica n tly g r e a te r in d e ­
p en d en ce and r e s p o n s ib ilit y than ste n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l, as e v id e n ce d by the
fo llo w in g : W ork r e q u ir e s a high d e g r e e o f s te n o g ra p h ic sp eed and a c c u r a c y ;
a th orou g h w ork in g k n ow led ge o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s and o ffic e p r o c e d u r e ; and
o f the s p e c ific b u s in e s s o p e r a t io n s , o r g a n iz a tio n , p o li c ie s , p r o c e d u r e s , file s ,
w o r k flo w , e t c .
U ses th is k n ow led ge in p e r fo r m in g sten og ra p h ic d u ties and
r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l ta sk s su ch as m a in tain in g follow u p file s ; a s se m b lin g
m a te r ia l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o ra n d a , and le t t e r s ; c o m p o s in g s im p le le tte r s
fr o m g e n e r a l in s t r u c t io n s ; rea d in g and rou tin g in co m in g m a il; and an sw erin g
rou tin e q u e s tio n s , e t c .

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE TYPIST

MESSENGER

P r im a r y duty is to t r a n s c r ib e d icta tio n in v olv in g a n o r m a l routine
v o c a b u la r y fr o m t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s . M ay a ls o type fr o m w ritten
c o p y and do s im p le c l e r i c a l w o r k . W o r k e r s tr a n s c r ib in g d icta tion in v olv in g
a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y su ch as le g a l b r ie fs o r r e p o r ts
on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h a r e n ot in clu d e d . A w o r k e r w ho takes d icta tio n in
shorthand o r b y Stenotype o r s im ila r m a ch in e is c la s s ifie d as a ste n o g r a p h e r.

P e r fo r m s v a r io u s routine d u ties su ch as running e r r a n d s , op era tin g
m in o r o ffic e m a ch in e s su ch as s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , open in g and d istrib u tin g
m a il, and o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk . E x clu d e p o s itio n s that r e q u ire o p e r a tio n
o f a m o t o r v e h ic le as a sig n ific a n t duty.

T Y P IS T
U s e s a ty p e w r ite r to m ake c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a te r ia ls o r to m ake
out b ills a fte r c a lc u la tio n s h ave been m a de b y an oth er p e r s o n . M ay in clu d e
typing o f s t e n c ils , m a ts , o r s im ila r m a te r ia ls fo r u se in d u p licatin g p r o c ­
esses.
M ay do c l e r i c a l w o rk in v olv in g little s p e c ia l tra in in g , su ch as
keep in g sim p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r sortin g and d istrib u tin g
in co m in g m a il.
C la s s A .
P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : Typin g m a te r ia l
in fin a l fo r m w hen it in v o lv e s com b in in g m a te r ia l fr o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s ib ility f o r c o r r e c t s p e llin g , s y lla b ic a tio n , pu nctuation, e t c ., o f t e c h ­
n ic a l o r unusual w o r d s o r fo r e ig n language m a te r ia l; o r planning la you t and
typing o f c o m p lic a te d s t a t is t ic a l ta b le s to m ain tain u n ifo r m ity and b a la n ce in
sp a c in g . M ay type rou tin e fo r m le t t e r s , v a ry in g d e ta ils to suit c ir c u m s t a n c e s .
C la s s B.
P e r fo r m s on e o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : C op y typing fr o m
rough o r c le a r d r a fts ; o r rou tin e typing o f fo r m s , in su ra n ce p o li c ie s , e t c .;
o r settin g up sim p le stan dard ta b u la tion s; o r cop y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b les
a lr e a d y set up and sp a ce d p r o p e r ly .

F IL E C L E R K
F il e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r ie v e s m a t e r ia l in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g
s y s t e m . M ay p e r fo r m c l e r i c a l and m anu al ta sk s r e q u ir e d to m a in tain f i l e s .
P o s itio n s a r e c la s s if i e d in to le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A .
C la s s ifie s and in d e x e s file m a te r ia l such as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , te c h n ic a l d o c u m e n ts , e t c ., in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g sy ste m
con tain in g a n u m b er o f v a r ie d su b je c t m a tte r f i l e s .
M ay a ls o file this
m a te r ia l. M ay k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p es in con ju n ction w ith the f i l e s .
M ay le a d a s m a ll g rou p o f lo w e r le v e l file c le r k s .
C la s s B. S o r ts , c o d e s , and file s u n c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l b y sim p le
(s u b je c t m a tte r) h ea d in g s o r p a r t ly c la s s ifi e d m a t e r ia l b y fin e r su bh ea d in gs.
P r e p a r e s s im p le r e la te d in d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s . A s re q u e ste d ,
lo c a t e s c le a r ly id e n tifie d m a te r ia l in file s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l. M ay
p e r fo r m re la te d c l e r i c a l ta sk s r e q u ir e d to m a in tain and s e r v ic e f i l e s .
C la s s C . P e r fo r m s rou tin e filin g o f m a t e r ia l that h as a lr e a d y been
c la s s ifie d o r w h ich is e a s ily c la s s if i e d in a sim p le s e r ia l c la s s ific a t io n
s y s t e m ( e .g ., a lp h a b e tica l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r n u m e r ic a l). A s re q u e ste d ,
lo c a t e s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a t e r ia l in file s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia ls ; and m a y
f i l l out w ith d ra w a l c h a r g e . M ay p e r fo r m s im p le c l e r i c a l and m a n u al ta sk s
r e q u ir e d to m a in tain and s e r v ic e f i l e s .




SW ITC H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s a telep h on e sw itch b oa rd o r c o n s o le u se d with a p r iv a te
b ra n ch ex ch a n ge (P B X ) s y s te m to r e la y in co m in g , ou tg oin g , and in tr a s y s te m
c a l l s . M ay p r o v id e in fo rm a tio n to c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and tr a n s m it m e s s a g e s ,
k eep r e c o r d o f c a lls p la c e d and t o ll c h a r g e s . B e s id e s op era tin g a telep h on e
sw itch b o a rd o r c o n s o le , m a y a ls o type o r p e r fo r m rou tin e c l e r i c a l w ork
(typing o r rou tin e c l e r i c a l w o rk m a y o c c u p y the m a jo r p o r tio n o f the w o r k e r 's
tim e , and is u s u a lly p e r fo r m e d w h ile at the sw itch b o a rd o r c o n s o le ). C h ief
o r lea d o p e r a t o r s in e sta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one o p e r a t o r a re
e x clu d e d . F o r an o p e r a t o r w ho a ls o a c ts as a r e c e p t io n is t , s e e S w itch b oa rd
O pe r a to r -R e c e p t io n is t .
SW ITC H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
A t a s in g le -p o s it io n telep h on e sw itch b o a rd o r c o n s o le , a c ts both as
an o p e r a t o r — s e e S w itch b oa rd O p e r a to r — and as a r e c e p t io n is t . R e c e p tio n is t's
w o rk in v o lv e s su ch d u ties as g re e tin g v is it o r s ; d e te rm in in g nature o f v i s i t o r 's
b u s in e s s and p r o v id in g a p p ro p r ia te in fo r m a tio n ; r e fe r r in g v is it o r to a p p r o ­
p r ia te p e r s o n in the o r g a n iz a tio n o r c o n ta ctin g that p e r s o n by telep h on e and
a rra n g in g an a p poin tm en t; k eep in g a lo g o f v is it o r s .
ORDER CLERK
R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e by m a il,
ph one, o r p e r s o n a lly .
D uties in v o lv e any co m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g :
Q uoting p r ic e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m akin g out an o r d e r sh eet lis tin g the ite m s to
m ake up the o r d e r ; c h e ck in g p r ic e s and qu an tities o f ite m s on o r d e r sh eet;
and d is trib u tin g o r d e r sh e e ts to r e s p e c t iv e d ep a rtm en ts to be fille d . M ay
c h e c k w ith c r e d it d ep a rtm en t to d e te rm in e c r e d it ratin g o f c u s to m e r , a c k n o w l­
ed g e r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s fr o m c u s t o m e r s , fo llo w up o r d e r s to se e that they
h ave b een fille d , k eep file o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and c h e c k shipping in v o ic e s
w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .
AC C O U N TIN G C L E R K
P e r fo r m s on e o r m o r e a ccou n tin g c l e r i c a l ta sk s su ch as p ostin g to
r e g is t e r s and le d g e r s ; r e c o n c ilin g bank a c c o u n ts ; v e r ify in g the in te rn a l c o n ­
s is te n c y , c o m p le t e n e s s , and m a th e m a tic a l a c c u r a c y o f a ccou n tin g d ocu m en ts;
a s sig n in g p r e s c r i b e d a ccou n tin g d is tr ib u tio n c o d e s ; ex a m in in g and v e rify in g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y -v a rio u s ty p e s o f r e p o r t s , lis t s , c a lc u la tio n s , p ostin g ,
e t c .; o r p r e p a r in g s im p le o r a s s is tin g in p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p lic a te d jo u r n a l
v o u c h e r s . M ay w o rk in e ith e r a m a n u al o r a u tom a ted a ccou n tin g s y s te m .
The w o rk r e q u ir e s a kn ow led ge o f c l e r i c a l m eth od s and o ffic e p r a c ­
t ic e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h ich r e la t e s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s in g and r e c o r d in g
o f tr a n s a c tio n s and a ccou n tin g in fo r m a tio n . W ith e x p e r ie n c e , the w o r k e r
ty p ic a lly b e c o m e s fa m ilia r w ith the b ook k eep in g and a ccou n tin g t e r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in the a s s ig n e d w o rk , but is n ot r e q u ir e d to h ave a k n ow led ge
o f the fo r m a l p r in c ip le s o f b ook k eep in g and a cco u n tin g .
P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s :

are

c la s s ifi e d

in to

le v e ls on

the b a s is o f the

fo llo w in g

A C C O U N T IN G C LE R K — Continued

M ACH INE B IL L E R ----Continued

C la s s A . Under g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s accou n tin g c l e r i c a l
o p e r a tio n s w h ich r e q u ire the a p p lica tion o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m en t, fo r
e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s in g c o m p lica te d o r n on rep etitiv e a ccou n tin g tr a n s ­
a c tio n s , s e le c tin g am ong a su bstan tial v a r ie ty o f p r e s c r ib e d a ccou n tin g c o d e s
and c la s s ific a t io n s , o r tra cin g tr a n sa ctio n s th rough p r e v io u s accoun tin g
a ctio n s to d e te rm in e s o u r c e o f d is c r e p a n c ie s .
M ay be a s s is te d by one o r
m o r e c la s s B accou n tin g c le r k s .

B o o k k e e p in g -m a ch in e b i l l e r . U ses a bookkeeping m ach in e (with or
w ithout a ty p e w rite r k ey b oa rd ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b ills as p a rt o f the
a ccou n ts r e c e iv a b le o p e r a tio n .
G e n e ra lly in v o lv e s the sim u ltaneou s en try o f
fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . The m a ch in e au tom a tica lly a ccu m u la te s
fig u r e s on a n um ber o f v e r t ic a l colu m n s and com p u tes and u su ally p rin ts
a u to m a tica lly the deb it o r c r e d it b a la n c e s .
D oes not in volve a kn ow ledge
o f b ook k eep in g .
W orks fr o m u n iform and standard types o f sa le s and
c r e d it s lip s .

C la s s B . U nder c lo s e s u p e r v is io n /- fo llo w in g d eta iled in s tru ctio n s
and sta n d a rd ized p r o c e d u r e s , p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e routine a ccou n tin g c l e r ­
ic a l o p e r a tio n s , such as postin g to le d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o rk s h e e ts w h ere
id e n tifica tio n o f ite m s and lo c a tio n s o f p ostin g s a re c le a r ly in d ica ted ; ch eck in g
a c c u r a c y and c o m p le te n e s s o f sta n d a rd ized and r e p e titiv e r e c o r d s o r
a ccou n tin g d o cu m e n ts; and c o d i n g d ocu m en ts u sin g a few p r e s c r ib e d
accou n tin g c o d e s .

P A Y R O L L C LE R K

B O O K K E E PIN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p era tes a book k eep in g m a ch in e (with o r without a ty p e w rite r k e y ­
boa rd ) to k eep a r e c o r d o f b u sin e s s tr a n s a c tio n s .
C la s s A . K eep s a set o f r e c o r d s r e q u irin g a kn ow ledge o f and
e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic book k eep in g p r in c ip le s , and fa m ilia r ity w ith the stru ctu re
o f the p a rticu la r accou n tin g sy ste m u se d . D e te r m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d is trib u tio n o f debit and c r e d it ite m s to be u sed in ea ch ph ase o f the w o rk .
M ay p r e p a r e co n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b a la n ce sh e e ts , and oth er r e c o r d s by hand.
C la s s B . K eeps a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e ph ases o r s e c tio n s o f a
set o f r e c o r d s u su a lly req u irin g little kn ow ledge o f b a s ic b ook k eep in g . P h a ses
o r se c tio n s in clu d e a ccou n ts p a y a b le, p a y r o ll, c u s t o m e r s ' a ccou n ts (not
in clu d in g a sim p le type o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d under m a ch in e b i lle r ) , c o s t d is ­
trib u tio n , ex p en se d is trib u tio n , in v en tory c o n t r o l, e tc .
M ay c h e c k o r a s s is t
in p r e p a r a tio n o f tr ia l b a la n ce s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l sh eets fo r the accou n tin g
d ep a rtm en t.

C om pu tes w ag es o f com p a n y e m p lo y e e s and en ters the n e c e s s a r y
data on the p a y r o ll sh e e ts .
D uties in v o lv e : C a lcu la tin g w o r k e r s ' earn in g s
ba sed on tim e o r p rod u ction r e c o r d s ; and postin g ca lcu la te d data on p a y r o ll
sh eet, show ing in fo rm a tio n such as w o r k e r 's n a m e, w ork in g da ys, tim e , ra te,
d ed u ction s fo r in s u r a n ce , and tota l w ages due.
M ay m ake out p a y ch eck s and
a s s is t p a y m a ste r .in m aking up and d istrib u tin g pay en v e lo p e s.
M ay use a
c a lcu la tin g m a ch in e.
K EY PU N CH O P E R A T O R
O p era tes a keypunch m a ch in e to r e c o r d o r v e r ify alphabetic a n d /o r
n u m e ric data on tabulating c a r d s o r on ta p e.
P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s .

a re

c la s s ifie d

into

le v e ls

on the

b a sis o f the follow in g

C la s s A . W ork r e q u ir e s the a p p lica tion o f e x p e rie n c e and judgm ent
in s e le c tin g p r o c e d u r e s to be fo llo w e d and in se a rch in g fo r , in te rp re tin g ,
s e le c tin g , o r cod in g ite m s to be keypunched fr o m a v a r ie ty o f s o u r ce d o c u ­
m e n ts .
On o c c a s io n m ay a ls o p e r fo r m som e routine keypunch w o rk . M ay
tra in in e x p e r ie n c e d keypunch o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B . W ork is routine and r e p e titiv e .
Under c lo s e su p e r v isio n
o r fo llo w in g s p e c ific p r o c e d u r e s o r in s tr u c tio n s , w o rk s fr o m v a r io u s stan ­
d a rd iz e d s o u r c e d ocu m en ts w hich have been co d e d , and fo llo w s s p e c ifie d
p r o c e d u r e s w h ich have been p r e s c r ib e d in d eta il and r e q u ire little o r no
s e le c t in g , c o d in g , o r in te r p r e tin g o f data to be r e c o r d e d . R e fe r s to s u p e r v is o r
p r o b le m s a r is in g fr o m e r r o n e o u s ite m s o r c o d e s o r m is s in g in fo rm a tio n .

M ACHINE B IL L E R
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
P r e p a r e s statem en ts, b i lls , and in v o ic e s on a m a ch in e oth er than an
o r d in a r y o r e le c tr o m a tic ty p e w r ite r . M ay a ls o k eep r e c o r d s as to b illin g s
o r shipping c h a r g e s o r p e r fo r m oth er c l e r i c a l w ork in cid en ta l to b illin g
o p e r a tio n s .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , m a ch in e b ille r s are c la s s ifie d by type
o f m a ch in e , as fo llo w s :
B illin g -m a c h in e b i l l e r . U ses a s p e c ia l b illin g m a ch in e (com b in a tion
typin g and adding m a ch in e) to p r e p a r e b ills and in v o ic e s fr o m c u s t o m e r s '
p u rc h a se o r d e r s , in tern a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , shipping m e m o ra n d a , etc.
U su a lly in v o lv e s a p p lica tion o f p r e d e te r m in e d d is co u n ts and shipping c h a r g e s
and en try o f n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w hich m a y o r m a y not be com pu ted on
the b illin g m a ch in e , and tota ls w hich a re a u tom a tica lly a ccu m u la ted by
m a ch in e.
The op e ra tio n u su ally in v o lv e s a la rg e num ber o f c a r b o n c o p ie s
o f the b ill bein g p r e p a r e d and is often done on a fan fold m a ch in e.




O p era tes one o r a v a r ie ty o f m a ch in e s su ch as the ta b u la tor, c a lc u ­
la to r , c o lla t o r , in te r p r e te r , s o r t e r , r e p ro d u cin g punch, e tc . E x clu d ed fr o m
th is d efin ition are w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s . A ls o e x clu d ed are o p e r a t o r s o f
e le c t r o n ic d ig ita l c o m p u te r s , even though they m a y a ls o o p e ra te e le c t r ic
accou n tin g m a ch in e equ ipm en t.
P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s .

a re

c la s s ifie d

into

le v e ls

on the

b a sis o f the fo llo w in g

C la s s A . P e r fo r m s c o m p le te r e p o rtin g and tabulating a ssig n m en ts
in clu d in g d e v isin g d ifficu lt c o n t r o l pa n el w irin g under g e n e r a l su p e r v is io n .
A s s ig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e a v a r ie ty o f lon g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s w hich
often a re ir r e g u la r o r n o n r e c u r r in g , re q u irin g som e planning o f the nature
and seq u en cin g o f o p e r a tio n s , and the u se o f a v a r ie ty o f m a ch in e s. Is

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O PER ATO R — Continued

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O PER ATO R — Continued

t y p ic a lly in v olv ed in tra in in g new o p e r a t o r s in m a ch in e o p e r a tio n s o r train in g
lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s in w irin g fr o m d ia g r a m s and in the op era tin g se q u e n ce s
o f lon g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s . D oes not in clu d e p o s itio n s in w h ich w irin g
r e s p o n s ib ility is lim ite d to s e le c t io n and in s e r tio n o f p r e w ir e d b o a r d s .

the ta b u la tor and c a lc u la t o r , in ad dition to the s im p le r m a ch in e s u sed by
c la s s C o p e r a t o r s .
M ay be r e q u ire d to do so m e w irin g fr o m d ia g r a m s .
M ay tr a in new e m p lo y e e s in b a s ic m a ch in e o p e r a tio n s .
C la s s C . U nder s p e c ific in s t r u c t io n s , o p e r a te s sim p le tabulating
o r e l e c t r i c a l a ccou n tin g m a ch in e s such as the s o r t e r , in te r p r e te r , r e p ro d u c in g
punch, c o lla t o r , e tc . A s s ig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e p o r tio n s o f a w ork unit,
fo r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o rtin g o r co lla tin g ru n s, o r r e p e titiv e o p e r a tio n s .
M ay p e r fo r m s im p le w irin g fr o m d ia g r a m s , and do som e filin g w o rk .

C la s s B . P e r fo r m s w o rk a c c o r d in g to e s ta b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and
u nder s p e c ific in s t r u c t io n s . A s s ig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e c o m p le te but r o u ­
tine and r e c u r r in g r e p o r t s o r p a rts of. la r g e r and m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p era tes m o r e d iffic u lt tabu latin g o r e le c t r ic a l a ccou n tin g m a ch in e s such as

Professional and Technical
C O M P U T E R SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS

C O M P U T E R SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS— Continued

A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b le m s to fo rm u la te p r o c e d u r e s fo r solvin g
th em by u se o f e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g equ ipm en t. D ev elop s a c o m p le te
d e s c r ip tio n o f a ll s p e c ific a tio n s n eed ed to en able p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u ir e d d ig ita l c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
A n a ly z e s s u b je c t -m a tte r o p e r a tio n s to be au tom ated and id e n tifie s con d ition s
and c r it e r i a r e q u ir e d to a c h ie v e s a tis fa c to r y r e s u lts ; s p e c ifie s n u m ber and
ty p es o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d ocu m en ts to be u se d ; o u tlin es a ctio n s to be
p e r fo r m e d by p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u te r s in su ffic ie n t d eta il fo r p resen ta tion
to m a n a gem en t and fo r p r o g r a m m in g (ty p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p r e p a r a tio n o f
w o rk and data flo w c h a r t s ); c o o r d in a te s the d ev elop m en t o f test p r o b le m s and
p a r tic ip a te s in t r ia l runs o f new and r e v is e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s eq u ip ­
m en t ch a n g es to obtain m o r e e ffe c t iv e o v e r a ll o p e r a tio n s .
(N O T E :
W o rk e rs
p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g should be c la s s ifie d as
s y s te m s a n a ly sts i f th is is the s k ill u sed to d e te rm in e th e ir p a y.)

d e v e lo p s s y s te m s f o r m a in tain in g d e p o s ito r a cco u n ts in a bank, m ain taining
a cco u n ts r e c e iv a b le in a r e ta il esta b lis h m e n t, o r m ain taining in v en tory
a cco u n ts in a m a n u fa ctu rin g o r w h o le sa le e s ta b lis h m e n t.)
C o n fe rs w ith p e r ­
son s c o n c e r n e d to d e te rm in e the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s
s u b je c t -m a tte r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s o f the data p r o c e s s in g s y s te m s
to be a p p lied .
OR
W ork s on a seg m en t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s in g sch e m e o r s y s te m ,
as d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A .
W ork s in dep en d en tly on routine a s sig n m e n ts and
r e c e iv e s in s tru ctio n and guid an ce on c o m p le x a s s ig n m e n ts .
W ork is r e v ie w e d
f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m en t, c o m p lia n c e w ith in s t r u c t io n s , and to in su re p r o p e r
align m en t w ith the o v e r a ll s y s te m .
C la s s C . W ork s u nder im m e d ia te s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y in g out an aly ­
s e s as a s s ig n e d , u su a lly o f a sin g le a c tiv ity . A s s ig n m e n ts are d es ig n e d to
d e v e lo p and expand p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e in the a p p lica tio n o f p r o c e d u r e s and
s k ills r e q u ir e d f o r s y s te m s a n a ly s is w o rk .
F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s is t a h igh er
le v e l s y s te m s a n alyst by p re p a rin g the d e ta ile d s p e c ific a tio n s r e q u ire d by
p r o g r a m m e r s fr o m in fo rm a tio n d e v e lo p e d by the h igh er le v e l an alyst.

D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le fo r the m a n a g e ­
m en t o r s u p e r v is io n o f oth er e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r s y s ­
te m s a n a ly sts p r im a r ily c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n tific o r en g in eerin g p r o b le m s .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , s y s te m s a n a lysts a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :
C la s s A . W ork s in depen den tly o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s in v olv in g a ll p h a ses o f sy ste m a n a ly s is .
P r o b le m s are
c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d iv e r s e s o u r c e s o f input data and m u lt ip le -u s e r e q u ir e ­
m en ts o f output data.
(F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in teg ra ted p ro d u ctio n s c h e d ­
u lin g, in v e n to r y c o n t r o l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in w hich
e v e r y ite m o f e a ch type is a u to m a tica lly p r o c e s s e d through the fu ll sy ste m
o f r e c o r d s and a p p ro p r ia te follow u p a c tio n s a re in itia ted by the c o m p u te r .)
C o n fe r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e te rm in e the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s
and a d v is e s s u b je c t -m a tte r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a t io n s o f new o r r e v is e d
s y s te m s o f data p r o c e s s in g o p e r a tio n s .
M akes r e c o m m e n d a tio n s , i f n eed ed ,
fo r a p p ro v a l o f m a jo r s y s te m s in sta lla tio n s o r ch a n g es and fo r obtain in g
equ ipm en t.
M ay p r o v id e fu n ction a l d ir e c tio n
w ho a re a s sig n e d to a s s is t .

to

lo w e r

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS
C o n v e rts statem en ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b le m s , ty p ic a lly p r e p a r e d by a
s y s te m s a n a lyst, in to a seq u en ce o f d e ta ile d in s tr u c tio n s w hich a re re q u ire d
to s o lv e the p r o b le m s by au tom atic data p r o c e s s in g equ ip m en t.
W orkin g fr o m
c h a rts o r d ia g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s the p r e c i s e in stru ctio n s w h ich ,
w hen e n te re d in to the c o m p u te r s y s te m in c o d e d la n g u a ge, c a u s e the m anipu ­
la tion o f data to a c h ie v e d e s ir e d r e s u lt s . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
A p p lie s k n ow led ge o f c o m p u te r c a p a b ilitie s , m a th e m a tic s , lo g ic em p lo y e d by
c o m p u te r s , and p a r tic u la r su b je ct m a tte r in v o lv e d to an alyze ch a rts and
d ia g r a m s o f the p r o b le m to be p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s seq u en ce o f p r o g r a m
s te p s ; w r it e s d eta iled flo w c h a rts to show o r d e r in w h ich data w ill be
p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s th e se c h a rts to c o d e d in s tr u c tio n s fo r m a ch in e to fo llo w ;
te s ts and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s tr u c tio n s fo r op era tin g p e r s o n n e l
d u rin g p r o d u c tio n run; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lte r s p r o g r a m s to in c r e a s e
o p e ra tin g e ffic ie n c y o r adapt to new r e q u ir e m e n ts ; m a in tain s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d ev e lo p m e n t and r e v is io n s .
(N O T E : W o r k e rs p e r fo r m in g both
s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g should be c la s s ifi e d as s y s te m s an alysts
i f th is is the s k ill u sed to d e te rm in e th e ir p a y.)

le v e l s y s te m s an alysts

C la s s B . W ork s in depen den tly o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
p r o b le m s that a r e r e la t iv e ly u n c o m p lica te d to a n a ly z e , plan, p r o g r a m , and
o p e r a te .
P r o b le m s a r e o f lim ite d c o m p le x ity b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input data
a r e h o m o g e n e o u s and the output data a re c lo s e ly r e la te d .
(F o r e x a m p le ,




18

C O M PU T E R PR O G R AM M ER , BUSINESS— Continued

C O M P U T E R O PER ATO R

D o e s not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le f o r the m a n a g e ­
m en t o r s u p e r v is io n o f oth er e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o ­
g r a m m e r s p r im a r ily c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n tific a n d /o r en g in e e rin g p r o b le m s .

M o n ito rs and o p e r a t e s the c o n t r o l c o n s o le o f a d ig ita l c o m p u te r to
p r o c e s s data a c c o r d in g to o p e ra tin g in s t r u c t io n s , u su a lly p r e p a r e d by a p r o ­
gram m er.
W ork in clu d e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Studies in s tru ctio n s to
d e te rm in e equ ipm ent setup and o p e r a tio n s ; loa d s equipm ent w ith re q u ire d
it e m s (tape r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c .); sw itch e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia ry equ ipm ent into
c ir c u it , and sta r ts and o p e r a te s c o m p u te r ; m a k es ad ju stm en ts to c o m p u te r to
c o r r e c t op e ra tin g p r o b le m s and m e e t s p e c ia l c o n d itio n s ; r e v ie w s e r r o r s m ade
d u rin g o p e r a tio n and d e te r m in e s ca u se o r r e fe r s p r o b le m to s u p e r v is o r or
p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a in tain s o p e ra tin g r e c o r d s . M ay te s t and a s s is t in
c o r r e c t in g p r o g r a m .

F or

w age study p u r p o s e s ,

p r o g r a m m e r s a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W ork s in depen den tly o r u nder on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s w hich r e q u ir e c o m p e te n c e in a ll p h a ses o f p r o g r a m m in g
c o n c e p ts and p r a c t ic e s .
W orkin g fr o m d ia g r a m s and ch a rts w h ich id en tify
the n atu re o f d e s ir e d r e s u lt s , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g step s to be a c c o m p lis h e d ,
and the re la tio n s h ip s betw een v a r io u s step s o f the p r o b le m so lv in g rou tin e;
pla n s the fu ll ran ge o f p r o g r a m m in g a ctio n s n eed ed to e ffic ie n tly u tiliz e the
co m p u te r s y s te m in a ch iev in g d e s ir e d end p r o d u c ts .

At th is le v e l, p r o g r a m m in g is d iffic u lt b e c a u se c o m p u te r equ ipm ent
m u st be o r g a n iz e d to p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in te r r e la te d but d iv e r s e p r o d u c ts fr o m
n u m erou s and d iv e r s e data e le m e n ts . A w ide v a r ie ty and e x te n s iv e n u m b er
o f in te r n a l p r o c e s s in g a ctio n s m u st o c c u r .
T h is r e q u ir e s su ch a ctio n s as
d ev elop m en t o f c o m m o n o p e r a tio n s w h ich can be r e u s e d , esta b lis h m e n t o f
lin kage p oin ts b etw een o p e r a t io n s , a d ju stm en ts to data when p r o g r a m r e q u ir e ­
m en ts e x c e e d co m p u te r s to ra g e c a p a c it y , and su bsta n tial m a n ipu lation and
re se q u e n cin g o f data e le m e n ts to fo r m a h igh ly in teg ra ted p r o g r a m .

M ay p r o v id e fu n ction a l d ir e c tio n to lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r s w ho a r e
a s sig n e d to a s s is t .
C la s s B . W ork s in d epen den tly o r under o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
r e la t iv e ly sim p le p r o g r a m s , o r on sim p le se g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r seg m en ts) u su a lly p r o c e s s in fo rm a tio n to p r o d u c e data in tw o
o r th r e e v a r ie d se q u e n ce s o r fo r m a t s . R e p o r ts and lis tin g s a re p r o d u c e d by
r e fin in g , adapting, a r r a y in g , o r m akin g m in o r ad d ition s to o r d e le tio n s fr o m
input data w h ich a r e r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W hile n u m erou s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the data have been r e fin e d in p r io r a c tio n s so that the a c c u r a c y
and seq u en cin g o f data ca n b e te s te d b y u sin g a few rou tin e c h e c k s . T y p ic a lly ,
the p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith rou tin e r e c o r d k e e p in g o p e r a tio n s .
OR
W ork s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (as d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A ) under c lo s e
d ir e c t io n o f a h ig h e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r . M ay a s s is t h igh er
le v e l p r o g r a m m e r by in depen den tly p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta sk s a s s ig n e d ,
and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt ta sk s u nder fa ir ly c lo s e d ir e c tio n .
M ay guide o r in s tru ct lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s C . M akes p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t ic e s
and c o n c e p ts u su a lly le a rn e d in fo r m a l tra in in g c o u r s e s . A s s ig n m e n ts a r e
d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e te n c e in the a p p lica tion o f stan dard p r o c e d u r e s to
rou tin e p r o b le m s . R e c e iv e s c l o s e s u p e r v is io n on new a s p e c ts o f a s sig n m e n ts ;
and w o rk is r e v ie w e d to v e r ify its a c c u r a c y and c o n fo r m a n c e w ith r e q u ir e d
p roced u res.




F or

w age

study p u r p o s e s ,

co m p u te r

op era tors

are

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :
C la s s _ A . O p era tes in depen den tly , o r u nder on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n ,
a c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s :
New p r o g r a m s a r e freq u en tly te s te d and in tr o d u ce d ; sch edu lin g r e q u ire m e n ts
a r e o f c r i t i c a l im p o rta n ce to m in im iz e dow n tim e; the p r o g r a m s a re o f
c o m p le x d e s ig n so that id e n tifica tio n o f e r r o r s o u r c e often r e q u ir e s a w ork in g
kn ow led ge o f the to ta l p r o g r a m , and a ltern a te p r o g r a m s m a y not be a v a ila b le .
M ay g iv e d ir e c tio n and gu id an ce to lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B . O p era tes in depen d en tly , o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n ,
a c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s :
M ost o f the p r o g r a m s a r e e s ta b lis h e d p ro d u ctio n ru n s, ty p ic a lly run on a
r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; th e r e is little o r no testin g o f new p r o g r a m s
r e q u ir e d ; a ltern a te p r o g r a m s a re p r o v id e d in c a s e o r ig in a l p r o g r a m n eeds
m a jo r change o r can not be c o r r e c t e d w ithin a re a so n a b ly sh ort tim e . In
c o m m o n e r r o r situ a tion s, d ia g n o s e s c a u se and ta k es c o r r e c t iv e a ctio n .
T h is
u su a lly in v o lv e s ap plyin g p r e v io u s ly p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t iv e s te p s , o r u sin g
stan dard c o r r e c t io n te c h n iq u e s .
OR
O p e ra te s u nder d ir e c t s u p e r v is io n a co m p u te r running p r o g r a m s o r
seg m en ts o f p r o g r a m s w ith the c h a r a c t e r is t ic s d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A . M ay
a s s is t a h ig h er le v e l o p e r a t o r by in d epen den tly p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta sk s
a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt ta sk s fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in stru ctio n s and
w ith freq u en t r e v ie w o f o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d .
e x p e cte d
a b ility to
r e c e iv e d
op era tor

C la s s C . W ork s on rou tin e p r o g r a m s u nder c lo s e su p e r v is io n . Is
to d e v e lo p w ork in g k n ow led ge o f the c o m p u te r equipm ent u sed and
d e te ct p r o b le m s in v o lv e d in running rou tin e p r o g r a m s . U sually has
so m e fo r m a l tra in in g in c o m p u te r o p e r a tio n . M ay a s s is t h igh er le v e l
on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .

DRAFTER
C la s s A . P la n s the g ra p h ic p r e se n ta tio n o f c o m p le x it e m s having
d is tin c tiv e d e s ig n fe a tu r e s that d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m e sta b lis h e d d raftin g
p r e c e d e n ts .
W ork s in c lo s e su pport w ith the d e s ig n o r ig in a to r , and m ay
r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s . A n a ly z e s the e ffe c t o f each change on the
d e ta ils o f fo r m , fu n ctio n , and p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s o f com p on en ts and p a rts .
W ork s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is t a n c e . C om p leted w ork is
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r ig in a to r fo r c o n s is t e n c y w ith p r io r e n g in eerin g d e t e r ­
m in a tio n s . M ay e ith e r p r e p a r e d ra w in g s o r d ir e c t th e ir p r e p a r a tio n by lo w e r
le v e l d r a ft e r s .

D R A F T ER— Continued

E LE C T R O N IC S TE C H N IC IA N — Continued

C la s s B . P e r fo r m s n on rou tin e and c o m p le x d ra ftin g a s sig n m e n ts
that r e q u ir e the a p p lica tio n o f m o s t o f the sta n d a rd iz e d draw in g tech n iq u es
r e g u la r ly u se d .
D uties t y p ic a lly in v o lv e su ch w ork a s :
P r e p a r e s w ork in g
d ra w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith ir r e g u la r sh a p es, m u ltip le fu n c tio n s, and
p r e c i s e p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s b etw een c o m p o n e n ts; p r e p a r e s a r c h it e c t u r a l
d ra w in g s f o r c o n s tr u c tio n o f a b u ildin g in clu d in g d e ta il d ra w in g s o f fou n ­
d a tio n s, w a ll s e c t io n s , f lo o r p la n s , and r o o f.
U ses a c c e p te d fo r m u la s and
m a n u als in m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y com p u ta tion s to d e te rm in e qu an tities o f
m a te r ia ls to be u s e d , loa d c a p a c it ie s , stre n g th s, s t r e s s e s , e tc . R e c e iv e s
in itia l in s t r u c t io n s , r e q u ir e m e n t s , and a d v ice fr o m s u p e r v is o r . C om p leted
w o rk is c h e c k e d f o r te c h n ic a l a d equ acy.

T h is c la s s ific a t io n e x clu d e s r e p a ir e r s o f such standard e le c t r o n ic
equ ipm en t as c o m m o n o ffic e m a ch in e s and h ou seh old r a d io and t e le v is io n
s e ts ; p r o d u c tio n a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y duty is
s e r v ic in g e le c t r o n ic te s t in stru m e n ts ; te c h n ic ia n s w ho have a d m in istra tiv e
o r s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s ib ility ; and d r a ft e r s , d e s ig n e r s , and p r o fe s s io n a l
e n g in e e r s .

C la s s C . P r e p a r e s d e ta il d ra w in gs o f sin g le units o r p a rts f o r
e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tr u c tio n , m a n u fa ctu rin g , o r r e p a ir p u r p o s e s . ‘ T y p e s o f
d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d in clu d e is o m e t r ic p r o je c t io n s (d e p ictin g th re e d im e n s io n s
in a c c u r a te s c a le ) and s e c tio n a l v ie w s to c la r if y p o s itio n in g o f com p on en ts
and c o n v e y n eed ed in fo rm a tio n . C o n s o lid a te s d e ta ils fr o m a n u m b er o f
s o u r c e s and a d ju sts o r tr a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ir e d . S u ggested m eth od s o f
a p p ro a ch , a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n ts , and a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a te r ia ls a r e given
w ith in itia l a s s ig n m e n ts . In stru ctio n s a r e le s s c o m p le te w hen a s sig n m e n ts
recu r.
W ork m a y be s p o t-c h e c k e d du rin g p r o g r e s s .

P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s .

a re

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e ls

on the

b a s is o f the fo llo w in g

C la s s A . A p p lie s a d va n ced t e c h n ic a l k n ow led ge to s o lv e unu su ally
c o m p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e . , th o se that t y p ic a lly can not be so lv e d s o le ly by r e f e r ­
en ce to m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m a n u als o r s im ila r d ocu m en ts) in w ork in g on e l e c ­
t r o n ic equ ip m en t.
E x a m p le s o f su ch p r o b le m s in clu d e lo c a tio n and d e n sity o f
c ir c u it r y , e le c tr o m a g n e tic ra d ia tio n , is o la tin g m a lfu n c tio n s , and freq u en t
e n g in e e r in g c h a n g e s .
W ork in v o lv e s : A d e ta ile d u n derstan din g o f the in t e r ­
r e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s ; e x e r c is in g in depen den t ju d g m en t in p e r fo r m in g su ch
ta s k s as m akin g c ir c u it a n a ly s e s , c a lcu la tin g w ave fo r m s , tr a c in g r e la t io n ­
sh ip s in sig n a l flo w ; and r e g u la r ly u sin g c o m p le x te s t in stru m en ts ( e .g ., du al
t r a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d ev ia tion m e t e r s , p u lse g e n e r a t o r s ).

W ork m a y b e r e v ie w e d b y s u p e r v is o r (fre q u e n tly an e n g in e e r o r
d e s ig n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d p r a c t ic e s .
M ay p r o v id e
te c h n ic a l gu id an ce to lo w e r le v e l te c h n ic ia n s .

D R A F T E R -T R A C E R
C o p ie s pla n s and d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o th e r s by p la cin g tr a c in g
c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r d ra w in g s and t r a c in g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
(D o e s not
in clu d e t r a c in g lim ite d to pla n s p r im a r ily c o n s is tin g o f stra ig h t lin e s and a
la r g e s c a le not r e q u irin g c lo s e d e lin e a tio n .)
A N D /O R
P r e p a r e s sim p le o r r e p e titiv e d ra w in g s o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d it e m s .
W ork i s c l o s e l y s u p e r v is e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

C la s s B . A p p lie s c o m p r e h e n s iv e te c h n ic a l k n ow led ge to s o lv e c o m ­
p le x p r o b le m s [ i . e . , th o se that t y p ic a lly ca n be s o lv e d s o le ly by p r o p e r ly
in te r p r e tin g m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m a n u als o r s im ila r d o cu m e n ts) in w ork in g on
e le c t r o n ic eq u ip m en t.
W ork in v o lv e s : A fa m ilia r ity w ith the in te r r e la tio n ­
sh ip s o f c ir c u it s ; and ju d g m en t in d e te rm in in g w o rk seq u en ce and in s e le ctin g
t o o ls and te s tin g in s tru m e n ts , u su a lly le s s c o m p le x than th o se u sed b y the
c la s s A te c h n ic ia n .
R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l g u id a n ce , as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h igh er
le v e l te c h n ic ia n , and w o rk is r e v ie w e d fo r s p e c ific c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d
p r a c t ic e s and w o rk a s s ig n m e n ts .
M ay p r o v id e t e c h n ic a l guid an ce to lo w e r
le v e l te c h n ic ia n s .

E L E C T R O N IC S TEC H N ICIA N

W o rk s on v a r io u s ty p e s o f e le c t r o n ic equ ip m en t and r e la te d d e v ic e s
by p e r fo r m in g one o r a co m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : In sta llin g , m a in tain in g ,
r e p a ir in g , o v e rh a u lin g , tr o u b le s h o o tin g , m od ify in g , c o n s tr u c tin g , and te s tin g .
W ork r e q u ir e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lica tio n o f t e c h n ic a l k n ow led ge o f e le c t r o n ic s
p r in c ip le s , a b ility to d e te rm in e m a lfu n c tio n s , and s k ill to put equ ipm ent in
r e q u ir e d o p e ra tin g c o n d itio n .

T he equ ip m en t— c o n s is tin g o f e ith e r m any d iffe r e n t kinds o f c ir c u it s
o r m u ltip le r e p e titio n o f the sa m e kind o f c ir c u it — in c lu d e s , but is not lim ite d
to , the fo llo w in g : (a) E le c t r o n ic tr a n sm ittin g and r e c e iv in g equ ipm en t (e .g .,
r a d a r , r a d io , t e le v is io n , te le p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v ig a tion a l a id s ), (b) d ig ita l and
an alog c o m p u t e r s , and (c ) in d u s tr ia l and m e d ic a l m e a su rin g and c o n t r o llin g
equ ip m en t.




C la s s C . A p p lie s w ork in g t e c h n ic a l kn ow led ge to p e r fo r m s im p le o r
rou tin e ta sk s in w ork in g o*n e le c t r o n ic eq u ip m en t, fo llo w in g d eta iled in s t r u c ­
tio n s w h ich c o v e r v ir t u a lly a ll p r o c e d u r e s .
W ork t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s such
ta s k s a s : A s s is t in g h ig h e r le v e l te c h n ic ia n s b y p e r fo r m in g such a c tiv it ie s as
r e p la c in g c o m p o n e n ts , w irin g c ir c u it s , and takin g te s t r e a d in g s ; r e p a ir in g
s im p le e le c t r o n ic eq u ip m en t; and u sin g to o ls and c o m m o n test in stru m en ts
( e .g ., m u lt im e t e r s , au dio sig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tube t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) .
Is not r e q u ir e d to be fa m ilia r w ith th e in te r r e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s .
T h is
k n o w le d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y be a c q u ir e d th rou gh a s sig n m e n ts d e s ig n e d to
in c r e a s e c o m p e te n c e (in clu d in g c la s s r o o m tra in in g ) so that w o r k e r can
ad va n ce to h ig h e r le v e l te c h n ic ia n .
R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l g u id a n ce , as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h igh er
le v e l te c h n ic ia n .
W ork is t y p ic a lly sp ot c h e c k e d , but is g iven d eta iled r e v ie w
w hen n ew o r ad va n ced a s s ig n m e n ts a r e in v o lv e d .

REG ISTER ED IN D U ST R IA L NURSE

REG ISTER ED IN D U ST R IA L NURSE— Continued

A r e g is t e r e d n u rse who g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e under g e n e r a l m e d ic a l
d ir e c tio n to i l l o r in ju re d e m p lo y e e s o r oth er p e r s o n s who b e c o m e i l l o r
su ffe r an a c c id e n t on the p r e m is e s o f a fa c t o r y o r oth er e sta b lish m en t.
D uties in v o lv e a com b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g ; G iving fir s t aid to the i l l o r
in ju re d ; attending to su bsequ en t d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; keepin g
r e c o r d s o f p a tien ts tr e a te d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s fo r co m p e n sa tio n o r

oth e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s is tin g in p h y s ic a l exam in a tion s and health ev alu ation s o f
a p p lica n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y in g out p r o g r a m s in volvin g
health ed u ca tion , a ccid e n t p r e v e n tio n , ev alu ation o f plant en v iron m en t, o r
o th e r a c tiv itie s a ffe ctin g the h ealth , w e lfa r e , and sa fety o f all- p e r s o n n e l.
N u rsin g s u p e r v is o r s o r head n u r s e s in e sta b lish m e n ts em p loyin g m o r e than
one n u rse are e x clu d e d .

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant
M A IN TE N AN C E C A R P E N T E R

M A IN TE N AN C E M ACHINIST

P e r fo r m s the c a r p e n tr y d u ties n e c e s s a r y to c o n s tr u c t and m ain tain
in g ood r e p a ir b u ildin g w ood w ork and equ ipm ent su ch as b in s , c r i b s , c o u n te r s ,
b e n c h e s , p a rtitio n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a ir s , c a s in g s , and tr im m ade o f w ood
in an esta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and
layin g out o f w ork fr o m b lu e p r in ts , d ra w in g s, m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tru ctio n s ;
using a v a r ie ty o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d tools, p o rta b le p o w e r to o ls , and stan dard
m e a su rin g in stru m e n ts ; m aking stan dard shop com p u ta tion s rela tin g to d im e n ­
sion s o f w ork ; and s e le ctin g m a te r ia ls n e c e s s a r y f o r the w o rk . In g e n e r a l,
the w ork o f the m a in ten an ce c a r p e n te r r e q u ir e s rou n ded tra in in g and e x p e r i­
en ce u su a lly a cq u ire d th rough a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r equ ivalen t tra in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .

P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a rts and new p a rts in m aking r e p a ir s o f
m e ta l p a rts o f m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent o p era ted in an e sta b lish m en t.
W ork
in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In terp retin g w ritten in stru ctio n s and s p e c i­
fic a t io n s ; planning .and layin g out o f w ork ; u sin g a v a r ie ty o f m a c h in is t's
h an d tools and p r e c is io n m e a su rin g in stru m e n ts; setting up and op era tin g
stan dard m a ch in e t o o ls ; shaping o f m e ta l p a rts to c lo s e to le r a n c e s ; m aking
standard shop com p u ta tion s rela tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o rk , to o lin g , fe e d s ,
and sp eed s o f m a ch in in g; kn ow led ge o f the w ork in g p r o p e r t ie s o f the co m m o n
m e t a ls ; se le ctin g stan dard m a t e r ia ls , p a r ts , and equipm ent re q u ire d fo r this
w o rk ; and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a rts into m e c h a n ica l equipm ent. In g e n e r a l,
the m a c h in is t's w o rk n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rounded tra in in g in m a ch in e -s h o p
p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r equ ivalent
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M AIN TEN AN CE E L E C T R IC IA N
M AIN TE N A N C E MECHANIC (M a ch in ery )
P e r fo r m s a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic a l tra d e fu n ction s such as the in s t a l­
la tion , m a in ten a n ce, o r r e p a ir o f equ ipm ent f o r the g e n e ra tio n , d is tr ib u tio n ,
o r u tiliz a tio n o f e le c t r ic e n e rg y in an e sta b lish m en t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t
o f the fo llo w in g : In stallin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic a l eq u ip ­
m en t su ch as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s fo r m e r s , sw itch b o a rd s , c o n t r o ll e r s , c ir c u it
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , heating u n its, condu it s y s t e m s , o r oth er tr a n s m is s io n
equ ipm en t; w ork in g fr o m b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s , la y ou ts, o r oth er s p e c if i­
c a tio n s ; lo c a tin g and d ia gn osin g tro u b le in the e le c t r ic a l sy ste m o r eq u ip ­
m en t; w ork in g stan dard com p u ta tion s rela tin g to load r e q u ire m e n ts o f w irin g
o r e le c t r i c a l equ ipm en t; and u sin g a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic ia n 's h an dtools and
m e a s u rin g and testin g in stru m e n ts. In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m ain ten an ce
e le c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s roun ded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rough
a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r equ ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M AIN TE N A N C E PA IN TE R

P aints and r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w o o d w o rk , and fix tu re s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s the fo llo w in g : K now ledge o f s u r fa c e p e c u lia r itie s
and ty p e s o f paint r e q u ire d fo r d iffe r e n t a p p lic a tio n s ; p re p a rin g s u r fa c e fo r
painting by r e m o v in g o ld fin ish o r by p la cin g putty o r f ill e r in n a il h o le s and
in t e r s t ic e s ; and applying paint with sp ra y gun o r b ru sh . M ay m ix c o l o r s ,
o ils , w hite lea d , and oth er paint in g re d ie n ts to obtain p r o p e r c o lo r o r
c o n s is t e n c y . In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m a in ten an ce p a in ter r e q u ir e s rounded
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r
equ ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .




R e p a ir s m a ch in e ry o r m e c h a n ic a l equ ipm ent o f an esta b lish m en t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E xam in ing m a ch in es and m e c h a n ica l
equ ipm ent to d ia g n o se s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d ism a n tlin g o r p a rtly d ism a n tlin g
m a ch in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly in v olv e the u se o f h an dtools in
sc r a p in g and fittin g p a rts ; r e p la c in g b rok en o r d e fe c tiv e pa rts with ite m s
obtain ed fr o m sto ck ; o r d e r in g the p r o d u ctio n o f a rep la ce m e n t p a rt b y a
m a ch in e shop o r sending the. m a ch in e to a m a ch in e shop f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s ;
p r e p a r in g w ritten s p e c ific a tio n s fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r fo r the p rod u ction o f
p a rts o r d e r e d fr o m m a ch in e sh op s; r e a s s e m b lin g m a ch in e s; and m aking a ll
n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm en ts fo r o p e r a tio n . In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f a m a ch in e ry
m a in ten an ce m e ch a n ic r e q u ir e s rounded train in g and e x p e rie n c e u su ally
a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r equ ivalent train in g and e x p e r i­
e n ce .
E x clu d ed fr o m th is c la s s ific a t io n a re w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y duties
in v o lv e settin g up o r ad ju stin g m a ch in e s .
M AIN TE N A N C E M ECH AN IC (M o to r V e h ic le s )
R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and tr a c t o r s o f an e s ta b ­
lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E xam in ing a u tom otiv e eq u ip ­
m en t to d ia g n ose s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g equipm ent and p e r fo r m in g
r e p a ir s that in v o lv e the u se o f su ch h an dtools as w re n c h e s , g a u g es, d r ills ,
o r s p e c ia liz e d equ ipm en t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a rts; re p la cin g brok en
o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts fr o m sto ck ; g rin d in g and adju sting v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and
in sta llin g the v a r io u s a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le and m aking n e c e s s a r y a d ju st­
m e n ts ; and align in g w h e e ls , ad ju sting b r a k e s and lig h ts, o r tightening body
b o lts .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m o t o r v e h ic le m ain ten an ce m ech a n ic
r e q u ir e s rou n ded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l
a p p re n tice s h ip o r equ iv alen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E M ECH ANIC (M otor Vehicles)— Continued

M A IN T E N A N C E TRADES H E L P E R — Continued

T h is c la s s ific a t io n d o e s not in clu d e m e c h a n ic s w ho r e p a ir c u s t o m e r s '
v e h ic le s in a u to m o b ile r e p a ir sh op s.

the h e lp e r is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m v a r ie s fr o m trad e to tra d e : In som e
tr a d e s the h e lp e r is con fin ed to su pplyin g, liftin g , and h old in g m a te r ia ls and
t o o ls , and cle a n in g w ork in g a r e a s ; and in o th e r s he is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m
s p e c ia liz e d m a ch in e o p e r a tio n s , o r p a rts o f a tra d e that a r e a ls o p e r fo r m e d
b y w o r k e r s on a fu ll-t im e b a s is .

M AIN TE N AN C E P IP E F IT T E R
In sta lls o r r e p a ir s w a te r , stea m , g a s, o r oth e r ty p es o f pip e and
p ip efittin g s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : L ayin g
out w ork and m e a su rin g to lo c a t e p o s itio n o f pip e fr o m d ra w in gs o r oth er
w ritten s p e c ific a t io n s ; cutting v a r io u s s iz e s o f pip e to c o r r e c t len gths with
c h is e l and h a m m e r 'o r o x y a ce ty le n e to r c h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a ch in e s; th readin g
pip e w ith s to c k s and 'd ie s ; bending pip e b y h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r -d r iv e n
m a ch in e s ; a s s e m b lin g pip e w ith c o u p lin g s and fa sten in g pip e to h a n g e r s ;
m aking stan dard sh op com p u ta tion s rela tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and sizfe o f
pip e r e q u ir e d ; and m akin g stan dard te s ts to d e te rm in e w h eth er fin ish e d p ip es
m e e t s p e c ific a t io n s . In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in ten an ce p ip e fitte r
r e q u ir e s rou n ded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l
a p p re n tice s h ip o r eq u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . W o r k e r s p r im a r ily
en ga ged in in sta llin g and r e p a ir in g bu ildin g sa n ita tion o r heating s y s te m s
a r e e x c lu d e d .
M AIN TE N A N C E S H E E T -M E T A L W O RK ER
F a b r ic a t e s , in s t a lls , and m a in tain s in g ood r e p a ir the s h e e t-m e ta l
equ ip m en t and fix tu r e s (su ch as m a ch in e g u a rd s, g r e a s e pans, s h e lv e s ,
lo c k e r s , tanks, v e n t ila t o r s , ch u tes, d u cts, m e ta l r o o fin g ) o f an e sta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g ; P lanning and layin g out a ll typ es o f
s h e e t-m e ta l m a in ten a n ce w o rk fr o m b lu e p rin ts , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c i f i ­
c a tio n s ; settin g up and op era tin g a ll a v a ila b le ty p es o f s h e e t-m e ta l w ork in g
m a c h in e s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f h a n d tools in cu ttin g, ben din g, fo r m in g , shaping,
fittin g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in sta llin g s h e e t-m e ta l a r t ic le s as r e q u ir e d . In
g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m a in ten a n ce s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s rounded
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r
eq u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R (TO O LR O O M )
S p e c ia liz e s in op era tin g one o r m o r e than one type o f m a ch in e
t o o l (e .g ., jig b o r e r , g rin din g m a ch in e, engine lath e, m illin g m a ch in e) to
m a ch in e m e ta l f o r u se in m aking o r m ain taining ji g s , fix tu r e s , cutting to o ls ,
g a u ges, o r m e ta l d ie s o r m o ld s u se d in shaping o r fo r m in g m e ta l o r
n o n m e ta llic m a te r ia l ( e .g ., p la s t ic , p la s t e r , ru b b e r, g la s s ). W ork ty p ic a lly
in v o lv e s : Planning and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m a ch in in g o p e r a tio n s w hich
r e q u ire c o m p lic a te d setups o r a h igh d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; setting up m a ch in e
t o o l o r to o ls (e .g ., in s ta ll cutting to o ls and ad ju st g u id es, stop s, w ork in g
ta b le s , and oth e r c o n t r o ls to handle the s iz e o f sto ck to be m a ch in ed ;
d e te rm in e p r o p e r fe e d s , sp e e d s , to o lin g , and o p e r a tio n seq u en ce o r s e le c t
th ose p r e s c r ib e d in d ra w in g s, b lu e p rin ts , o r la y o u ts ); u sin g a v a r ie ty o f
p r e c is io n m e a su rin g in stru m e n ts ; m akin g n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm en ts during
m a ch in in g o p e r a tio n to a c h ie v e re q u is ite d im e n s io n s to v e r y c lo s e to le r a n c e s .
M ay be r e q u ire d to s e le c t p r o p e r c o o la n ts and cutting and lu b rica tin g o ils ,
to r e c o g n iz e when to o ls n eed d r e s s in g , and to d r e s s t o o ls . In g e n e r a l, the
w o rk o f a m a c h in e -t o o l o p e r a t o r (to o lr o o m ) at the s k ill le v e l c a lle d f o r in
this c la s s ific a t io n r e q u ir e s e x te n siv e kn ow led ge o f m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o l ­
r o o m p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rough c o n s id e r a b le o n -t h e -jo b train in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w age study p u r p o s e s , th is c la s s ific ? tio n d oes not
in clu d e m a c h in e -t o o l o p e r a t o r s (t o o lr o o m ) e m p lo y e d in t o o l and die job bin g
sh op s.

M ILLW R IG H T

T O O L AND DIE M AK ER

In sta lls n ew m a ch in e s o r h e a v y equ ip m en t, and d is m a n tle s and
in s t a lls m a ch in e s o r h e a v y equ ip m en t w hen ch a n g es in the plant layou t a re
r e q u ir e d . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and layin g out
w o rk ; in te r p r e tin g b lu e p rin ts o r oth e r s p e c ific a t io n s ; u sin g a v a r ie ty o f h a n d to o ls and r ig g in g ; m akin g stan dard sh op com p u ta tion s rela tin g to s t r e s s e s ,
stren g th o f m a t e r ia ls , and c e n t e r s o f g ra v ity ; a lign in g and b a la n cin g e q u ip ­
m en t; s e le c tin g stan dard t o o ls , equ ipm en t, and p a rts to be u sed ; and in sta llin g
and m a in tain in g in g ood o r d e r p o w e r tr a n s m is s io n equ ipm ent su ch as d r iv e s
and sp eed r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t's w o rk n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a
rou n ded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in the tra d e a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l
a p p re n tice s h ip o r e q u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

C o n s tru c ts and r e p a ir s ji g s , fix tu r e s , cutting t o o ls , gau ges, o r
m e ta l d ie s o r m o ld s u se d in shaping o r fo r m in g m e ta l o r n o n m e ta llic
m a te r ia l ( e .g ., p la s t ic , p la s t e r , r u b b e r , g la s s ). W o rk ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s :
P lanning and la yin g out w o rk a c c o r d in g to m o d e ls , b lu e p r in ts , d ra w in g s, o r
oth er w ritten o r o r a l s p e c ific a t io n s ; u n derstan din g the w ork in g p r o p e r t ie s o f
c o m m o n m e ta ls and a llo y s ; s e le c tin g a p p ro p r ia te m a te r ia ls , to o ls , and
p r o c e s s e s r e q u ire d to c o m p le te ta sk ; m akin g n e c e s s a r y shop com p u ta tion s;
settin g up and op era tin g v a r io u s m a ch in e to o ls and re la te d equ ipm ent; using
v a r io u s t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's h an d tools and p r e c i s io n m e a su rin g in stru m en ts;
w ork in g to v e r y c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; h e a t-tr e a tin g m e ta l p a rts and fin ish e d to o ls
and d ie s to a c h ie v e re q u ire d q u a litie s; fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a rts to p r e ­
s c r ib e d t o le r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s . In g e n e r a l, the t o o l and die m a k e r 's
w o rk r e q u ir e s roun ded train in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c t ic e
u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r eq u iv a len t train in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .

M A IN TE N A N C E TR A D E S H E L P E R
A s s is t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the sk ille d m a in ten an ce tr a d e s , by
p e r fo r m in g s p e c ific o r g e n e r a l d u ties o f l e s s e r sk ill, such as keep in g a
w o r k e r su p p lied w ith m a te r ia ls and t o o l s ; clea n in g w ork in g a r e a , m a ch in e,
and equ ip m en t; a s s is tin g jo u r n e y m a n b y h old in g m a te r ia ls o r t o o ls ; and p e r ­
fo r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d ta sk s as d ir e c te d b y jo u r n e y m a n . The kind o f w ork




F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w age study p u r p o s e s , this c la s s ific a t io n d o e s n ot
in clu d e t o o l and die m a k e rs who (1) a r e e m p lo y e d in to o l and die job bin g
sh ops o r (2) p r o d u c e fo r g in g d ie s (die s in k e r s ).

ST A T IO N A R Y ENG IN E E R

S T A T IO N A R Y E N G IN E E R — Continued

O p e ra te s and m a in tain s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e the o p e r a tio n o f
s ta tio n a ry en g in es and eq u ipm en t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e le c t r ic a l) to su p p ly the
e sta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r, h eat, r e fr ig e r a tio n , o r a i r co n d itio n in g . W o rk in v o lv e s : O p era tin g and m a in tain in g equ ipm en t su ch as
ste a m en g in e s, a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , tu rb in es, ven tilatin g
and r e fr ig e r a tin g equ ipm en t, ste a m b o i le r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a te r pu m p s;
m akin g equ ip m en t r e p a ir s ; and k eep in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a tio n o f m a c h in e r y ,
te m p e r a tu r e , and fu e l con su m p tio n .
M ay a ls o s u p e r v is e th ese o p e r a tio n s .

H ead o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts em p loy in g m o r e than one e n g in eer
a re e x c lu d e d .
B O ILER TEN DER
F ir e s sta tio n a ry b o ile r s to fu rn ish the e sta b lish m en t in w hich
e m p lo y e d w ith h eat, p o w e r, o r stea m . F e e d s fu e ls to fir e b y hand o r
o p e r a te s a m e c h a n ic a l s to k e r, g a s, o r o il b u rn e r; and ch eck s w a ter and
sa fe ty v a lv e s . M ay cle a n , o il, o r a s s is t in r e p a ir in g b o ile r ro o m equ ipm ent.

Material Movement and Custodial
T R U C K D R IV E R

W AREH O USEM AN

D r iv e s a tru ck w ithin a c it y o r in d u str ia l a r e a to tr a n s p o rt m a te ­
r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e , equ ipm en t, o r w o r k e r s b etw een v a r io u s ty p es o f e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts su ch a s : M an u factu rin g p la n ts, fr e ig h t d e p o ts, w a r e h o u s e s , w h o le ­
s a le and r e ta il e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r b etw een r e t a i l esta b lis h m e n ts and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s . M ay a ls o loa d o r unload tru ck with
o r w ithout h e lp e r s , m a ke m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a ir s , and k eep tr u ck in good
w ork in g o r d e r . S a le s r o u te and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e ex clu d ed .

A s d ir e c te d , p e r fo r m s a v a r ie ty o f w a reh ou sin g duties w hich re q u ire
an u n derstan din g o f the e sta b lis h m e n t's sto ra g e p la n . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t
o f the fo llo w in g : V e r ify in g m a te r ia ls (o r m e r c h a n d is e ) against r e ce iv in g
d o cu m e n ts, noting and r e p o rtin g d is c r e p a n c ie s and ob v iou s d a m a g es; routing
m a te r ia ls to p r e s c r i b e d s to ra g e lo c a t io n s ; sto rin g , stackin g, o r p a lle tiz in g
m a te r ia ls in a c c o r d a n c e with p r e s c r ib e d s to ra g e m eth od s; rea rra n g in g and
t a k i n g in v e n to r y o f s to r e d m a t e r ia ls ; exam inin g sto re d m a te r ia ls and
r e p o rtin g d e te r io r a t io n and d a m a g e; r em ov in g m a te r ia l fr o m sto ra g e and
p r e p a r in g it f o r sh ipm en t. M ay o p e ra te hand o r p o w e r tru ck s in p e r fo r m in g
w a reh ou sin g d u ties.

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c la s s ifie d by s iz e and
type o f equ ip m en t, as fo llo w s : ( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r sh ou ld be rated on the b a s is
o f t r a i le r c a p a c it y .)
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,

lig h t tru ck (u n der IV 2 ton s)
m e d iu m tr u ck ( I V 2 to and in clu din g 4 ton s)
h e a v y tru ck (t r a ile r ) (o v e r 4 ton s)
h e a v y tr u ck (o th e r than t r a i le r ) (o v e r 4 ton s)

O R D E R F IL L E R

SH IPPIN G AND RE CE IV IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r sh ip m en t, o r r e c e iv e s and is r e s p o n s ib le
f o r in co m in g sh ipm en ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r ia ls . Shipping w ork
in v o l v e s : A kn ow led ge o f sh ipping p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t ic e s , r o u te s , a v a ila b le
m e a n s o f tr a n s p o rta tio n , and r a te s ; and p r e p a r in g r e c o r d s o f the g ood s
sh ip p ed , m akin g up b ills o f la d in g, p o s tin g w eigh t and shipping ch a n g e s, and
k eep in g a file o f shipping r e c o r d s .
M ay d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p r e p a r in g the
m e r c h a n d is e f o r sh ip m en t. R e c e iv in g w o rk in v o lv e s : V e r ify in g o r d ir e c tin g
o th e r s in v e r ify in g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f sh ip m en ts a g a in st b ills o f la din g,
in v o ic e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e ck in g f o r s h o r ta g e s and r e je c tin g da m aged
g o o d s ; rou tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a te r ia ls to p r o p e r d e p a rtm e n ts; and m a in ­
tain in g n e c e s s a r y , r e c o r d s and f i l e s .

F or

w ag e

study

p u rp oses,

Shipping c le r k
R e c e iv in g c le r k
Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k




w ork ers

are

c la s s ifie d

as

E x clu d e w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y du ties in v olv e shipping and r e c e iv in g
w ork (s e e Shipping and R e c e iv in g C le rk and Shipping P a c k e r ), o r d e r fillin g
(s e e O r d e r F il le r ) , o r op era tin g p o w e r tru ck s (s e e P o w e r -T r u c k O p e ra to r ).

fo llo w s :

F ills shipping o r tr a n s fe r o r d e r s fo r fin ish ed good s fr o m sto re d
m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c ific a tio n s on sa le s slip s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r oth e r in s tr u c tio n s .
M ay, in a d dition to fillin g o r d e r s and in d i­
catin g ite m s fille d o r om itted , k eep r e c o r d s o f outgoing o r d e r s , re q u isitio n
a d d ition a l s to ck o r r e p o r t sh ort su p p lies to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r fo r m oth er
re la te d d u tie s .

SHIPPING P A C K E R

P r e p a r e s fin ish e d p r o d u c ts fo r sh ipm ent o r s to ra g e b y p la cin g them
in shipping c o n ta in e r s , the s p e c ific o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d being dependent upon
the ty p e, s iz e , and n u m b er o f units to be p a ck ed , the type o f co n ta in e r
e m p lo y e d , and m eth od o f sh ip m en t. W ork r e q u ir e s the p la cin g o f ite m s in
shipping c o n ta in e rs and m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : K now ledge
o f v a r io u s ite m s o f s to ck in o r d e r to v e r ify con ten t; s e le c t io n o f a p p rop ria te
type and s iz e o f c o n ta in e r; in se r tin g e n c lo s u r e s in c o n ta in e r; u sin g e x c e ls io r
o r oth e r m a te r ia l to p re v e n t b re a k a g e o r d a m a g e; c lo s in g and sea lin g c o n ­
ta in e r ; and a p plyin g la b e ls o r e n terin g iden tifyin g data on c o n ta in e r.
P ackers
w ho a ls o m ake w ood en b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x clu d e d .

M A T E R IA L H A N D LIN G L A B O R E R

G UARD A N D W A T C H M A N

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u factu rin g plant, s t o r e , o r
o th e r esta b lis h m e n t w h ose d u ties in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g :
L oa d in g and u nloadin g v a r io u s m a te r ia ls and m e r c h a n d is e on o r fr o m fr e ig h t
c a r s , tr u ck s , o r o th e r tr a n sp o rtin g d e v ic e s ; unpacking, sh elv in g , o r p la cin g
m a te r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s to r a g e lo c a tio n ; and tra n sp o rtin g
m a te r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e b y h an dtru ck , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e
w o r k e r s , w ho lo a d and u nload sh ip s, a r e e x c lu d e d .

G u a rd . P e r fo r m s routine p o lic e d u ties, e ith e r at fix e d p o s t o r on
to u r , m ain taining o r d e r , u sin g a r m s o r f o r c e w h ere n e c e s s a r y . In clu des
g u a rd s w ho a r e station ed at gate and c h e c k on id en tity o f e m p lo y e e s and
oth er p e r s o n s e n te r in g .
W a tch m an . M akes roun ds o f p r e m is e s
p r o p e r t y a g a in st f i r e , th eft, and ille g a l en try .

p e r io d ic a lly

in p r o te c tin g

P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R
JA N ITO R , P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R
O p e ra te s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic -p o w e r e d tru ck
o r t r a c t o r to tr a n s p o rt g o o d s and m a te r ia ls o f a ll kin ds about a w a r e h o u se ,
m a n u fa ctu rin g plant, o r o th e r e sta b lis h m e n t.

tru ck ,

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c la s s ifie d b y type o f p o w e r as fo llo w s :
F o r k lift o p e r a t o r
P o w e r -t r u c k o p e r a t o r (o th e r than fo r k lift)




C lea n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r ly c o n d itio n fa c t o r y w ork in g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m is e s o f an o ffic e , ap a rtm en t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r ic a l
o r o th e r e sta b lis h m e n t. D uties in v o lv e a co m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g :
S w eepin g, m op p in g o r sc r u b b in g , and p olish in g f l o o r s ; rem o v in g c h ip s , tr a s h ,
and o th e r r e fu s e ; dusting equ ipm en t, fu rn itu r e , o r fix tu r e s ; p o lish in g m eta l
fix tu r e s o r tr im m in g s ; p r o v id in g su p p lies and m in o r m a in ten an ce s e r v ic e s ;
and cle a n in g la v a t o r ie s , sh o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s who s p e c ia liz e
in w in dow w ashin g a re e x c lu d e d .

Area Wage
Surveys
A l i s t o f the l a t e s t b u lle tin s a v a i l a b l e is p r e s e n t e d b e l o w .
m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m any o f th e B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s shown on
c o v e r , o r f r o m the Su perin te n den t o f D o c u m e n t s , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t
O f f i c e , W a s h i n g to n , D .C . 20402.
A d i r e c t o r y o f o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e
c o v e r i n g the y e a r s 1950 t h ro u g h 1975, is a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t .

Area
A k r o n , O h io , D ec. 1 9 7 6 1________________________________________
A lb a n y —S ch en ectad y—T r o y , N . Y . , Sept. 1976 ________________
A n a h e i m —Santa An a—G a r d e n G r o v e ,
C a l i f . , O c t. 1 9 76 _________________________________________________
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1 9 7 6 __________________________________________
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , A u g . 1 9 7 6 _____________________________________
B i l l i n g s , M o n t . , July 1 9 7 6 ______________________________________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1977____ _____________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . , A u g . 1976 ______________________________________
B u f fa l o , N . Y . , O c t. 1976 ________________________________________
Canton, O h i o , M a y 1 9 7 6 _________________________________________
C h attan o og a, Tenn.—G a ., Sept. 1976 __________________________
C h i c a g o , 111., M a y 1976 _________________________________________
C in c in n a ti, O h io—K y . —I n d . , M a r . 1976________________________
C l e v e l a n d , O h io , Sept. 1 9 7 6 ____________________________________
C o lu m b u s , O h io , O c t. 1 9 76 _____________________________________
C o r p u s C h r i s t i , T e x . , July 1 9 7 6 _______________________________
D a l l a s —F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t. 1 9 76__________________________
D a v e n p o r t—R o c k Isla nd —M o l i n e , Io wa—111., F e b . 1976______
D ay ton , O h io , D e c . 1976 ________________________________________
D ayton a B e a c h , F l a . , A u g . 1976 ______________ ________________
D e n v e r —B o u l d e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 976____________________________
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , M a r . 1977____ __________________________________
F r e s n o , C a l i f . , June 1976 ______________________________________
G a i n e s v i l l e , F l a . , Sept. 1976 ___________________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , July 1 9 76 _____________________________________
G r e e n s b o r o — i n s t o n - S a l e m — ig h P o i n t ,
W
H
N . C . , A u g . 1 976__________________________________________________
G r e e n v i l l e —S p a r t a n b u r g , S . C . , June 1976 1___________________
H a r t f o r d , Conn., M a r . 1977 ____________________________________
H ou ston, T e x . , A p r . 1 9 76 _______________________________________
H u n t s v i l l e , A l a . , F e b . 1977 1 ___________________________________
In d i a n a p o l i s , Ind., O c t. 1976____________________________________
J ac k s on , M i s s . , F e b . 1977 1 ____________________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1976 1 ________________________________
K a n s a s C i t y , M o . —K a n s . , Sept. 1976 1 ________________________
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , O c t. 1976_________________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y.—Ind., N o v . 1976________________________________




B u lle tin s
the bac k
P rin tin g
surveys,

Bulletin number
and p r i c e *
1900-76, 85 cents
1900-59, 55 cents
1900-67,
1900-30,
1900-52,
1900-39,
1950-8,
1900-53,
1900-70,
1900-28,
1900-57,
1900-32,
1900-7,
1900-62,
1900-68,
1900-41,
1900-63,
1900-25,
1900-78,
1900-45,
1900-73,
1950-13,
1900-29,
1900-54,
1900-37,

75 cents
85 cents
85 cents
55 cents
85 cents
85 cents
75 cents
55 cents
55 cents
$1.0 5
75 cents
95 cents
75 cents
55 cents
85 cents
55 cents
85 cents
45 cents
85 cents
$ 1 .2 0
55 cents
45 cents
55 cents

1900-47,
1900-36,
1950-9,
1900-26,
1950-4,
1900-58,
1950-2,
1900-80,
1900-60,
1900-77,
1900-69,

65 cents
85 cents
80 cents
85 cents
$ 1 .4 0
75 cents
$ 1 .5 0
85 cents
$ 1.0 5
85 cents
55 cents

Area

B ull e t in n u m b e r
and ■ r i c e *
j

M e m p h i s , T e n n . —A r k . —M i s s ., N o v . 1976 1_____________________ 1900-75,
M i a m i , F l a . , O c t. 1976___________________________________________ 1900-66,
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . »> A p r . 1977 ____________________________________
1950-14,
M i n n e a p o l i s —St. P a u l , M inn.—W i s . , Jan. 1977________________ 1950-3,
N a s s a u — u ff o lk, N . Y . , Tune 1976 _______________________________ 1900-35,
S
N e w a r k , N . J . , Jan. 1977 _________________________________________
1950-7,
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , Jan. 1977 1___________________________________ 1950-5,
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . —N . J . , M a y 1 976________________________________ 1900-48,
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B e a c h - P o r t s m o u t h , Va.—
N . C . , M a y 1 9 7 6 1_______________________________
1900-27,
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B e a c h —P o r t s m o u t h and
N e w p o r t N e w s —H a m p t o n , V a .—N . C . , M a y 1 9 7 6 1 ___________
1900-33,
N o r t h e a s t P e n n s y l v a n i a , A u g . 1976 ____________________________ 1900-43,
O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , A u g . 1 976_______________________________ 1900-42,
O m a h a , N e b r . - I o w a , O c t. 1 976__________________________________ 1900-61,
P a t e r son—C l i ft o n —P a s s a i c , N . J . , June 1976 __________________ .1900-38,
P h ila d e lp h ia ,. P a . —N . J . , N o v . 1976 1____________________________ 1900-64,
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1977_______________________________________
1950-1,
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , D e c . 1976 1 ___________________________________
1900-72,
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h . , M a y 1976 __________________________ 1900-51,
P o u g h k e e p s i e , N . Y . , June 1976 _________________________________ 1900-50,
P o u g h k e e p s i e —K in g s ton —N e w b u r g h , N . Y . , June 1976________ 1900-55,
P r o v i d e n c e — a r w i c k —P a w t u c k e t , R .1.—
W
M a s s . , June 1 9 76 ________________________________________________
1900-31,
R i c h m o n d , V a . , June 1 976_______________________________________
1900-34,
St. L o u i s , M o . —111., M a r . 1977___________________________________ 1950-10,
S a c r a m e n t o , C a l i f . , D e c . 1976 _________________________ ________ 1900-71,
Sa gin a w , M i c h . , N o v . 1976 1_____________________________________
1900-74,
Salt L a k e C ity—O g d e n , Utah, N o v . 1976_______________________
1900-65,
San A n t o n i o , T e x . , M a y 1976 ___________________________________
1900-23,
San D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1976____________________________________
1900-79,
San F r a n c i s c o —O ak la n d, C a l i f . , M a r . 1976 ___________________ 1900-9,
San J o s e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1 976_____________________________________
1900-13,
S e a t tle —E v e r e t t , W a s h . , Jan. 1977 1____________________________
1950-12,
South Ben d, Ind., M a r . 1976 ____________________________________
1900-5,
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , July 1976_______________________________________
1900-44,
T o l e d o , O hio— i c h . , M a y 1 976__________________________________ 1900-24,
M
T r e n t o n , N . J . , Sept. 1976________________________________________
1900-56,
W a s h i n g to n , D .C .—M d .—V a . , M a r . 1977 _______________________
1950-11,
W i c h i t a , K a n s . , A p r . 1976_______________________________________
1900-21,
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , A p r . 1977 ___________________________________ 1950-15,
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1977 _____________________________________________ 1950-6,
Prices are determined by the Government Printing Office and are subject to change.
Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

85 cents
75 cents

$ 1.10
$ 1.60
85 cents
$ 1.60
$ 1.60
$.1.05
85 cents
85 cents
65 cents
55 cents
55 cents
55 cents
$ 1.10
$ 1.50
85 cents
75 cents
45 cents
55 cents
75 cents
65 cents

$ 1.20
55
75
55
65
55
95
75

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

$ 1.20
55
55
55
55

cents
cents
cents
cents

$ 1.20
55 cents
70 cents

$ 1.10

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

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Region 11
1

Region IV

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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102