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Area
Wage
Survey

/f

Bulletin 1950-9
U.S. Department of Labor




Hartford, Connecticut,
Metropolitan Area
March 1977

Preface
T h i s b u l l e ti n p r o v i d e s r e s u l t s o f a M a r c h 1977 s u r v e y o f o c c u p a ­
ti o n a l e a r n i n g s in the H a r t f o r d , C o n n e cticu t, Stand ard M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l
Area.
T h e s u r v e y w a s m a d e as p a r t o f the B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s '
annual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m . It w a s c on du cted b y the B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l
o f f i c e in B osto n , M a s s . , u n d e r the g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f P a u l V . M u l k e r n ,
A s s i s t a n t R e g i o n a l C o m m i s s i o n e r f o r O p e r a t i o n s . T h e s u r v e y c ould n o t h a ve
b e en a c c o m p l i s h e d w ith out the c o o p e r a t i o n o f the m a n y f i r m s w h o s e w a g e
and s a l a r y data p r o v i d e d the b a s i s f o r the s t a t i s t i c a l i n f o r m a t i o n in this
b u lle tin .
T h e B u re a u w i s h e s to e x p r e s s s i n c e r e a p p r e c i a t i o n f o r the c o ­
operation r e c e iv e d .
M a t e r i a l in this p u b lic a tio n is in the p u b lic d o m a in and m a y be
r e p r o d u c e d w ith ou t p e r m i s s i o n o f the F e d e r a l G o v e r n m e n t .
P le a s e c red it




the B u re a u
p u b lic a tio n .

of

Labor

Statistics

and

cite

the

name

and

number

of

this

Note:
A r e p o r t on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i ­
sions in the H a r t f o r d a r e a is a v a i l a b l e f o r the m a c h i n e r y i n d u s t r y (J a n u a r y
1975).
A l s o a v a i l a b l e a r e l i s t i n g s o f union w a g e r a t e s f o r s e v e n s e l e c t e d
b u ild in g t r a d e s .
F r e e c o p i e s o f th e s e a r e a v a i l a b l e f r o m the B u r e a u 's
region al o ffic e s .
(Se e b ac k c o v e r f o r a d d r e s s e s . )

Area
Wage
Survey

Hartford, Connecticut,
Metropolitan Area
March 1977

U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

Contents

Page

Bulletin 1950-9
Tables:
E a r n in g s , a ll e sta b li shm en ts :
A - l . W e e k l y e arnings of o f f i c e
w o r k e r s --------------------------------------A - 2 . W e e k l y e a r n in g s of p r o f e s ­
sional and te chn ical w o r k e r s ------A - 3 . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e arning s of
o f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and
te chn ical w o r k e r s , b y s e x -----------A - 4 . H o u r l y e arnings of m a i n t e ­
nance, t o o l r o o m , and
p o w e r p la n t w o r k e r s --------------------A -5 .

A-6.

A-7.

Ap p end ix A .
Appendix B.

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S.
Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402, GPO
Bookstores, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover.
Make checks payable to Superintendent of Documents.




3
6

8

10

H o u r l y e a r n i n g s of m a t e r i a l
m o v e m e n t and c u s todia l

wo rke r s ---------------------------------------- 11
A v e r a g e h o u r ly e arning s of
main te nance, to o l r o o m ,
p ow e rp lan t, m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
ment, and c usto d ia l w o r k e r s ,
b y s e x ------------------------------------------ 12
P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s in a v e r a g e
hourly ear nings, adjusted for
em p lo ym ent shifts, f o r s e ­
le c te d occupational g r o u p s ------------ 13
Scope and met hod o f
s u r v e y 14
O ccupation al d e s c r i p t i o n s -------------- 17
-

A.

Introduction
T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 74 in w h ic h the U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s B u re a u
o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s conducts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and r e l a t e d
b e n e f i t s . (S ee l i s t o f a r e a s on i n s i d e b ac k c o v e r . ) In eac h a r e a , o c c u p a tio n a l
e a r n i n g s data ( A - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e c o l l e c t e d annually. I n f o r m a t i o n on e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e f i t s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) is
o b ta in e d e v e r y t h i r d y e a r . T h is r e p o r t has no B - s e r i e s ta b l e s .

E a c h y e a r a f t e r a l l in d i v i d u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s h a ve b e e n c o m ­
p l e t e d , tw o s u m m a r y b u lle tin s a r e i s s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b r i n g s t o g e t h e r data
f o r e a c h m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; the s e c o n d p r e s e n t s n a tio n a l and
r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s , p r o j e c t e d f r o m i n d iv id u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a data, f o r
a l l Sta n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s in the U n ite d S t a te s , e x c lu d in g
A l a s k a and H a w a i i .

A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is the ne e d
to d e s c r i b e the l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s ,
th r o u g h the a n a l y s i s o f ( l ) t h e l e v e l and d i s t r i b u t i o n o f w a g e s by oc c u p a tio n ,
and (2) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a ti o n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l . T h e
p r o g r a m d e v e l o p s i n f o r m a t i o n that m a y be used f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s , includin g
w a g e and s a l a r y a d m i n i s t r a t i o n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g , and a s s i s t a n c e in
d e t e r m i n i n g pla nt l o c a t i o n . S u r v e y r e s u l t s a ls o a r e used b y the U.S. D e p a r t ­
m e n t o f L a b o r to m a k e w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n s un der the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t
o f 1965.




A - s e r i e s ta b le s
T a b l e s A - 1 th r o u g h A - 6 p r o v i d e e s t i m a t e s o f s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y
o r h o u r l y e a r n in g s f o r w o r k e r s in oc c u p atio n s c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y of
m a n u fa c tu rin g and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g i n d u s t r i e s . F o r the 31 l a r g e s t s u r v e y
a r e a s , t a b l e s A - 8 th ro u g h A - 13 p r o v i d e s i m i l a r data f o r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
e m p l o y i n g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e .
T a b l e A - 7 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t chan ges in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n in g s
o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s , e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g w o r k e r s , i n d u s t r i a l
n u r s e s , s k i l l e d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s w o r k e r s , and u n s k ille d plant w o r k e r s .
W h e r e p o s s i b l e , data a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s and f o r m a n u f a c ­
tu r in g and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g s e p a r a t e l y .
Data a r e not p r e s e n t e d f o r s k i l l e d
m a i n te n a n c e w o r k e r s in n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g b e c a u s e the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s
e m p l o y e d in this o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p in n o n m a n u fa c t u rin g is to o s m a l l to
w a rra n t sepa rate presenta tion .
T h i s ta b l e p r o v i d e s a m e a s u r e o f w a g e
t r e n d s a f t e r e l i n i m a t i o n o f changes in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s c a u s e d by e m p l o y ­
m e n t s hifts am on g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s as w e l l as t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
in c lu d e d in s u r v e y s a m p l e s . F o r f u r t h e r d e t a i l s , s e e appendix A.
A p p e n d ix e s
wage

A p p e n d ix A d e s c r i b e s the m e t h o d s and c o n c e p ts used in the a r e a
s u r v e y p r o g r a m and p r o v i d e s i n f o r m a t i o n on the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

A p p e n d i x B p r o v i d e s jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s
m i s t s to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s by oc c u p atio n .

used by B ureau fie ld e co n o ­

A.

E a rn in g s

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Hartford, Conn., March 1977
W eek ly earnings
(standard)
Number

1

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f -

J

A verage
w eekly
hours1
(standard

s

S

M ed ia n *

M iddle range*

llo

115

llo

Occupation and in du stry d ivis io n

115

*

2
2
-

U n d er

S

Il05

105

S

$

S

$

130

140
-

150

160

120

130

140

150

160

170

-

12
12
*

13
3
10
*

65
14
51
-

139
36
103
2

250
59
191
5

and
u n d er

s

S

s

120

S

S

t

S

S

S

180

190

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

316
86
230
10

302
91
211
•3

242
49
193
3

227
61
166
-

164
56
108
-

136
23
113
3

137
62
75
-

170

200

210

220

230

S

S

240

S

270

1 --280

250

260

250

260

27p

92
23
69
6

69
34
35
5

47
26
21
1

46
22
24
6

43
26
17
8

10

23 **20
15
9
8
11

and

280 o v e r

ALL WORKERS
SECRETARIES -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------ NONMANUFACTURING ---PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----

2,347
694
1,653
62

38.0
40.0
37.0
40.0

$
189.50
198.00
186.00
225.50

$
183.00
191.00
180.50
236.00

$
$
162.50-211.00
165.00-225.50
161.50-206.00
165.50-271.50

45
23
22
*10

MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING ----

157
92
65

39.0 243.00 240.00 222.00-275.00
40.0 237.50 237.00 220.00-275.00
37.0 251.00 250.00 231.00-275.50

-

-

•
-

-

-

•
-

.
-

•
-

2
2

4
4
-

-

3
3
-

4
4
-

2
•
2

10
10
-

3
1
2

22
18
4

19
8
11

19
9
10

10

16
11
5

SECRETARIES. CLASS B
MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING —

631
171
460

38.0 213.00 209.50 192.00-233.50
40.0 225.00 220.00 195.50-246.00
37.0 208.50 206.50 186.50-229.00

_
*

•
-

.
-

.
-

—
*

•
-

2
2

25
25

19
19

36
3
33

58
11
47

96
37
59

83
22
61

59
9
50

81
27
54

64
9

31
13
18

21
12
9

17
3
14

15
11
4

24
14
10

SECRETARIES. CLASS C
MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S

839
235
604
33

38.0
40.0
37.0
39.5

165.50-203.00
168.00-215.00
165.00-199.00
165.00-261.00

•
-

•

2

-

-

23
4
19

41
14
27

58
5
53
3

131
37
94
10

147
41
106
3

101
20
81

96
20
76

68
24
44

74
13
61

33
17
16

19
12
7

-

-

9
6
3
2

16
14
2
1

13

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS D
NONMANUFACTURING ----

613
417

38.0 160.50 160.00 150.00-172.00
37.0 160.50 160.00 149.50-174.00

-

-

STENOGRAPHERS --------------MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING —

706
560
146

39.5 179.00 184.50 152.00-206.50
40.0 187.50 193.50 167.50-212.00
37.0 148.00 147.50 133.50-163.00

1

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL
MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING ----

409
327
82

39.5 175.50 184.50 153.00-199.50
40.0 184.50 188.50 173.00-203.00
37.5 140.00 135.00 128.50-151.00

1

1

3

•

-

-

•

-

1

1

3

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

297
233
64

39.0 184.00 181.00 150.00-217.50
40.0 191.00 209.00 152.00-221.50
36.5 159.00 160.00 147.50-170.00

.

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

52
49

37.0 152.00 155.50 137.00-168.00
37.0 153.50 155.50 137.00-168.00

•
-

1,195
814

38.0 144.00 134.00 120.00-167.50
37.0 129.50 126.00 118.00-138.00

19
19

T Y P IS T S , CLASS A
NONMANUFACTURING

535
322

38.0 157.50 150.00 130.00-187.50
36.5 138.00 136.00 124.00-150.00

T Y P IS T S , CLASS B
NONMANUFACTURING

660
492

F ILE CLERKS ------NONMANUFACTURING —

s e c r e t a r ie s ,

class

a

186.00
194.00
183.50
210.50

182.00
187.00
180.00
233.00

2

55

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

-

-

12
12

8
5

37
27

88
66

134
84

147
98

101
57

64
50

21
17

1
1

-

-

-

3

•

-

1
-

•

-

3

59
38
21

65
34
31

40
33
7

76
69
7

70
69
1

37
37

26
26

-

53
31
22

89
89

1

69
39
30

79
79

1

38
16
22
33
12
21

32
12
20

22
9
13

28
17
11

38
27
11

29
28
1

65
65

60
60

55
55

42
42

•

•

37
27
10

31
22
9

31
21
10

27
7
20

11
5
6

11
4
7

10
9
1

24
24
-

47
47
-

37
37
-

26
26

—

5
4
1

1
1

5
5

3
1

9
8

2
2

11
11

9
9

8
8

38
38

62
57

131
126

251
225

196
175

90
81

58
44

67
30

63
12

80
6

50
1

47

4

3
3

35
35

91
79

74
67

58
53

41
40

24
23

32
11

52

50
1

47

38.0 133.00 126.00 117.00-140.50
37.0 123.50 121.00 115.00-132.00

18
18

34
34

59
54

96
91

160
146

122
108

32
28

17
4

43
7

51
1

37.0 121.50 119.50 110.00-130.00
37.0 121.00 119.50 110.00-129.00

41
41

69
65

37
35

72
71

99
96

57

32
31

17
13

1
1

2
1

•

1

FILE CLERKS, CLASS B
NONMANUFACTURING —

148
141

37.5 129.00 127.50 120.50-135.00
37.0 129.50 127.50 121.00-135.00

6
2

3
3

25
25

45
43

40
39

20
20

9
9

*

-

*

*

FILE CLERKS, CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING ---- *
1

258
247

37.0 115.50 114.00 107.00-122.00 ***37
37
37.0 114.50 113.00 106.00-121.00

34
32

43
42

53
52

15
14

7

4

1
1

1

5

-

-

1

55

4

1

28
1

429
409

—

5

23

4

5
-

23

1
1

1

a
5

4
4

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE TYPISTS
NQNMANUFACTURING ---TY PIS TS ---------- * -----n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

*
**
***

—

W o r k e rs w e re d is tr ib u te d as fo llo w s :
W o r k e rs w e re d is tr ib u te d as f o llo w s :
W o r k e rs w e re d is tr ib u te d as f o llo w s :

*

•
*

63
63

6

5

-

4 a t $280 to $ 29 0; 4 a t $290 to $ 30 0; and 2 a t $30 0 to $310.
11 a t $280 to $ 2 9 0 ; 1 a t $29 0 to $ 3 0 0 ; 4 a t $3 0 0 to $ 31 0; 2 a t $31 0 to $ 32 0; 1 a t $32 0 to $ 33 0; and 1 a t $33 0 t o $340.
12 a t $95 to $100-; and 25 a t $100 to $105.

See footnotes at end of tables.




2

3

*

5

*
•

•

•

•

—

•

•

•

•

—

m

-

•

•

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

—
-

-

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Hartford, Conn., March 1977—Continued
W eek ly earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation and induatry division

Number
of
workeis

Num ber o f w o rk ers re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e we ek ly earning s of---

s

Avcro
w eekly
Ho u r 1
(standard

s
105

M ean *

M edian *

M iddle range ^

Under

S
105

s

S

S

1

S

s

s

S

S

S

S

130

140

150

160

170

10
6

130

140

150

10
6

170

10
8

190

32

32

15
5

4

7
5

8
6
2

3
3

7
7
—

2
2

-

.
-

2
1
8
13

34
4
30
54
29
25
4

2
0

1
1

65
24
41
4

S

S

S

S
S
S
T ------20
8
26o
250
270

4

2
1
1

115

10
2

10
2

10
1

190

1
20 20 20
0
2

230

240

2*0

250

260

270

280

o ver

-

-

-

-

-

and
under
no

and
115

20 20 20
0
1
2

230

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
192
28
164

3 7 .5
4 0 .0
3 7 .0

130 .00
158.50
125.00

$
$
$
123 .00 1 1 3 .5 0 -1 4 0 .0 0
162.00 1 3 8 .0 0 -1 7 2 .5 0
119.50 1 1 0 .0 0 -1 3 3 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING — ■

130
27
103

3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

145 .00
170.00
138.50

143.00
169.00
137 .00

1 5 2 .5 0 -1 9 5 .0 0
1 1 7 .0 0 -1 5 6 .5 0

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS
MANUFACTURING
n o n h a n u f a c t u r in g —

191

105

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

151.50
155.50
148.50

149 .00
157.00
140.00

1 3 3 .0 0 -1 6 5 .5 0
1 4 6 .5 0 -1 6 8 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0 -1 5 5 .5 0

*

ORDER CLERKS
MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING

235
70
165

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

168 .00
166.00
168.50

170.00
174.50
170.00

1 3 5 .0 0 -1 9 5 .0 0
1 3 5 .5 0 -1 8 4 .0 0
1 3 2 .0 0 -1 9 5 .0 0

1
-

ACCOUNTING CLERKS <
MANUFACTURING NONMANUFACTURING ------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------

1 ,5 99
395
1 ,2 04
60

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

145.00
164.00
138.50
183.50

140.00
160.00
132.50
170.00

1 2 1 .0 0 -1 6 3 .5 0
1 4 1 .0 0 -1 8 0 .0 0
1 1 7 .0 0 -1 5 5 .0 0
1 5 4 .5 0 -1 9 8 .0 0

60
60
*

76
-

107
107
-

ACCOUNTING CLERKS, CLASS A

531
165
366

3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

170.50
184.50
164.50

165.00
182.00
160 .00

1 5 0 .0 0 -1 8 7 .0 0
1 6 3 .0 0 -2 0 2 .5 0
1 4 6 .0 0 -1 7 7 .0 0

*

•
-

*

•
*

5
•
5

7
61

49
3
46

1 ,0 6 8
230
838

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

132.00
149.00
127.50

130 .00
146 .50
124 .50

1 1 5 .0 0 -1 4 5 .0 0
1 3 8 .0 0 -1 6 0 .5 0
1 1 0 .0 0 -1 3 7 .0 0

60
60

8
6
1
0

107
107

93
93

183
18
165

186
38
148

134
58
76

3 9 .0

142.50

140 .00

1 1 3 .0 0 -1 6 0 .0 0

*10

-

-

-

1
0
1
0

1
0

-

15

MESSENGERS --------MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING —

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------ --- ---

NONMANUFACTURING —

—

—

ACCOUNTING CLERKS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS —
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------------------- ------------ —

8
6

6
8

121.0 0 -1 6 0 .0 0

17

25

-

-

17

25

6
6

1

9
9

32
32

2

1
0

1
0

2

1
0

1
0

-

•
-

8
6
1
0

76

-

-

2

—

4

2

2
0
2

1
2

16
16

15
3

2
0

4

1
2

7
13

3

24

23
14
9

31
28
3

19
5
14

9
4
5

183
61

165
58
107
17

140
54

83
17

80
27
53

51
IS
36

49

6
6

73
23
50

82
41
41

67
31
36

39

18

2

23

1

1

31
31

1

■93
93
-

1
0

1
1

1
0

-

-

6

24

-

1

-

32

-

-

8

24

1

188
18
170
*

4

8

43
19
24
31

2
1
1
0
254
45
209
-

6
8

35

1
1

12
2

1
0

6
2

1

23

1
1
1
2

43
18
25

4

4
4

-

-

2
2

•
-

-

•

-

-

•

-

—

-

-

-

-

8

-

-

-

-

2
0

3
3

8
8

1

3
3

3
•
3

-

•
-

•
-

-

•
-

•
•
-

4
4
4

-

•

-

-

-

4
4
•-

-

2
0

1

29
15
14
4

2
1

5

3

-

2

2
2
6

1
0
8

3

29

25
14

18

2
0

17
14
3

2
1

5
5

3
3

4

_

•

.

.

3

3
3
-

2

18

14
9
5

2

-

-

-

-

-

1
2

-

-

6

4

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
2

-

-

6

4

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14

1
0

5

5

1

5

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

3
•
3
3

•

•
•

—
—

-

-

•
•
-

5

8
6
1
0

119
48
71

2
1

14

6
2

1
1
1

3 9 .0

159 .00

1 60 .00

1 4 0 .0 0 -1 7 9 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

62

4 0 .0

158 .50

157.00

1 4 2 .0 0 -1 7 0 .0 0

-

-

-

-

6

BILLING-M ACHINE BILLERS

41

4 0 .0

162.50

160.00

1 4 0 .0 0 -1 8 6 .5 0

-

-

-

-

6

-

5

4

1
0

5

5

-

5

1

PAYROLL CLERKS ------------------------

154
81
73

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

172.00
176 .00
167.00
194.50

172.00
178.00
165 .00
190 .00

1 5 4 .0 0 -1 9 2 .5 0
1 6 0 .0 0 -1 9 5 .0 0
1 3 9 .0 0 -1 9 0 .0 0
1 8 0 .0 0 -2 0 7 .0 0

.
*

3
3
—

3
3
—

17
4
13
-

5

2
1
1
2

29
17

1
0
8

9
*

16
13
3
—

2
1

3
'•

2
2
1
0
1
2

5

7

2
2

2
2

1

1
0

17

123

1
0

2

7

149
27

15

116

122

193
44
149

127
43
84

72
26
46

44

1

•
-

*

-

—

—

—

9
5
4
1

-

•

•

—

-

-

-

-

13

8

3

•

•
—
-

m a n u f a c t u r in g

NONMANUFACTURING PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S
KEYPUNCH OPERATORS —
MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S —

25

879
209
670

— —

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS* CLASS A
MANUFACTURING----------------- — -----NONMANUFACTURING ----------------—

*

35

460
129
331

3 8 .0
4 0 .0
3 7 .5
4 0 .0

149.00
156.00
147.00
187 .50

147.00
152 .00
144.00
185.00

1 3 5 .0 0 -1 6 1 .0 0
1 4 2 .0 0 -1 7 3 .0 0
1 3 4 .0 0 -1 6 0 .0 0
1 6 0 .0 0 -2 2 9 .0 0

3 8 .0
4 0 .0
3 7 .5

160.00
165.00
158 .00

159 .00
166.00
156 .00

1 4 6 .0 0 -1 7 0 .5 0
1 5 1 .0 0 -1 8 0 .0 0
1 4 4 .5 0 -1 6 4 .5 0

-

—

-

5

W o rk ers w e re at $95 to $100.

See-footnotes at end of tables.




6
1

4

-

41
4
37

2

5

96
15
81

-

8

-

4

-43

MACHINE BILLERS

-

•

95
31
64

5

10
2
27
93

1
1

97

22
75

-

64
23
41

14

7

27
17
5

40
27
13

1
2

7
5

2

1

•

2

6
4

4

2

•

1
2

1
1
—

•

-

-

1
1

-

-

1
1
1

1
2
1
2

1

•

•

•

•

•

1

-

-

-

-

-

1
2

1

1
2

1

•

-

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Hartford, Conn., March 1977— Continued
W eek ly earnings *
(standard)
Number
of
workers

Occupation and industry division

Number of workers receiving straight-time we ekly earnings of—

s

V

105

w eekly
hours1
(standard)

Mean *

M edian *

M idd le range*

Under
S
105

s

s

no

115

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

S~
240

115

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

?0 0

210

220

230

240

?50

i

$

r

s

t

%

i

*

*

S

1

S

T

V

250

260

270

280

260

270

280

over

and
under

no
WORKERS—
CONTINUED

A U .

KEYPUNCH

OPERATORS

-

CONTINUED

$
nUNUr A v Iv N tN U

m

$
$
$
136 .00 126.Q Q -145.00

12

*

-42

36 .0

188.00

193.00

2

1 5 4 .5 0 -2 2 0 .0 0

See fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le s .




5

1

|

X

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Hartford, Conn., March 1977
Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
Number

Occupation and industry division
worken

A verage
w eekly
houn1
(standard)

S

S

1*0
M ean

*

M edian

*

M iddle range *

Under

and
under

160

T

3
170

180

T
190

S

200

210

1 ------ I 220
230

1

f
2*0

S

S

S

S

260

280

-

250

300

S

S

320

1

S

3*0

360

380

---*0 0

150

-

-

160

170

—

—

-

-

-

180

190

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

and

200

210

220

230

2*0

250

260

280

300

320

3*0

360

380

*0 0

over

*

11
11

9
9

26
26

*9
*9

*5
*3

53
52

13*
123

1*3
125

163
130

1**
116

10*
62

87
35

56
16

39
10

5

S

1*0

ALL

1

S

ISO

*

*

*

*•39
29
10

1
1

2
2

7
7

-

-

-

WORKERS

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) ------------- ----- ----- ----—
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

1*069
813

$
$
$
$
3 7 .5 308 .5 0 3 0 7 .0 0 2 7 0 .5 0 - 3 * 3 .5 0
3 7 .0 2 9 * .5 0 2 9 5 .5 0 2 6 1 .0 0 -3 2 7 .5 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) t C L A S S * ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G — ------------------

365
189
176

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BUSINESS)* CLASS B —
-----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) * C L A S S C ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

-

-

•

*

3 8 .5 356 .5 0 3 5 8 .5 0 3 3 * .0 0 - 3 8 1 .5 0
* 0 .0 3 71 .00 3 7 2 .0 0 3 5 0 .0 0 -3 9 0 .5 0
3 7 .0 3 * 1 .5 0 3 * 0 .5 0 3 1 6 .5 0 -3 6 5 .0 0

•

*

3 *5
285

3 7 .5 302 .5 0 3 0 6 .5 0 2 8 5 .0 0 - 3 2 * .5 0
3 7 .0 302 .5 0 3 07 .00 2 8 5 .0 0 -3 2 8 .5 0

•

*

359
352

3 6 .5 2 6 * .5 0
3 6 .5 2 6 * .5 0

•

“

—

.

*

*

265 .0 0 2 3 9 .5 0 -2 8 7 .0 0
265 .5 0 2 3 8 .0 0 -2 8 6 .5 0

-

2
2

*

**

*

—

...
*

*

5

17
3
1*

38

*

3*

55
20
35

71
*2
29

8*
51
33

56
*0
16

13
13

1*

1*

37
28

70
55

98
71

7*
66

27
27

2
1

*

*

“

*

2
2

*
*

11
11

8
8

2
*
2*

*2
*2

32
30

39
38

92
90

56
56

27
25

15
15

6
6

1
1

-

-

_

5
*

10
3

*9
6

65
3

1*1
6

81
*

8*
9

117
18

65
11

129
15

92
7

95
1*

51
10

19
3

1*
3

1
1

2
2

—

•

.

1

9

6
1

9
*

9
3

29
6

56
*

79
8

**
6

15
2

12
1

1
1

2
2

16
6
10

7
*
3

*
1
3

2
2
-

-

-

*

*

•

•

-

.

1.021
112

3 7 .5 2 5 * .5 0 2 * 6 .0 0 2 1 7 .0 0 -2 8 2 .0 0
* 0 .0 2 69 .50 259 .0 0 2 3 9 .5 0 -3 0 8 .0 0

272
38

3 7 .5 3 02 .50 3 05 .50 2 8 0 .5 0 -3 2 2 .5 0
* 0 .0 3 03 .50 3 03 .50 2 6 9 .0 0 -3 2 8 .0 0

•

*

*6 8
53
*1 5

3 7 .5 2 * 8 .0 0 2 * 7 .5 0 2 2 6 .5 0 -2 6 9 .0 0
* 0 .0 2 65 .50 2 5 * .0 0 2 3 7 .0 0 -2 9 5 .0 0
3 7 .S 2 * 5 .5 0 2 * 6 .0 0 2 2 2 .5 0 -2 6 9 .0 0

•

*

*

*

*
*

*
1
3

26
1
25

26
1
25

*3
*
39

36
36

35
7
28

81
7
7*

52
7
*5

96
9
87

36
3
33

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------—

738
15*
58*

3 8 .0 2 00 .50 198 .50
* 0 .0 2 2 2 .0 0 2 2 2 .0 0
3 7 .5 195.00 196 .00

1 7 3 .0 0 -2 2 *.5 0
1 8 9 .0 0 -2 5 3 .0 0
1 6 9 .5 0 -2 2 0 .0 0

26
26

18
1
17

*5

76
9
67

58
2
56

81
26
55

72
11
61

76
1*
62

60
1
59

66
17
*9

51
11
*0

*8
13
35

23
13
10

22
1*
8

16
16
-

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----- ---- --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

305
80
225

3 8 .0 2 2 * .5 0 2 23 .00 2 0 1 .0 0 - 2 * * .0 0
* 0 .0 2 * 8 .5 0 2 51 .00 2 2 1 .0 0 -2 7 5 .5 0
3 7 .5 2 16 .00 2 19 .00 1 9 8 .0 0 -2 3 3 .5 0

8
“
8

15
15

36
3
33

33
10
23

36
1
35

*1
9
32

35
7
28

36
9
27

19
11
8

22
1*
8

16
16
-

•
-

•
-

COMPUTER OPERATORS*
CLASS B - — M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------ -----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

306
6*
2 *2

3 8 .0
* 0 .0
3 7 .5

1 9 *.0 0
199.00
193.00

191.00
189.00
192.00

1 7 3 .5 0 -2 1 0 .0 0
1 8 5 .0 0 -2 2 3 .0 0
1 7 0 .0 0 -2 1 0 .0 0

2*
8
16

15
*
11

12
*
8

*
2
2

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S C ------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --- ----------—

127
117

3 8 .0
3 7 .5

158.00
158 .00

155.00
1 5 *.0 0

D R A F T E R S ----- — ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

*31
*2 3

* 0 .0
* 0 .0

2 3 8 .0 0 2 * 1 .0 0 2 1 6 .0 0 - 2 6 * .0 0
2 38 .00 2 * 1 .0 0 2 1 5 .5 0 -2 6 5 .0 0

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S A --------- ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

18*
18*

* 0 .0
* 0 .0

2 6 8 .0 0 2 70 .00 2 5 7 .0 0 -2 8 3 .5 0
2 6 8 .0 0 2 70 .00 2 5 7 .0 0 -2 8 3 .5 0

C OMPUTER P R O G R A M M E R S (BUSINESS) —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G - ------- --------------COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS)*
C L A S S A ----* --------- -------- --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------- -------COMPUTER

PROGRAMMERS

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S P ...... ....... .......
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

*
**

1*5
1*1

W o r k e r s w e re d is tr ib u te d as f o llo w s :
W o r k e r s w e re d is tr ib u te d as fo llo w s :

* 0 .0
* 0 .0

*

-

6

39

2

*

*

_

1
1

-

2

5
5

*

1
1

11
1
10

51
5
*6

32
2
30

55
26
29

35
8
27

*2
*
38

2*
2*

1 * * .0 0 - 1 7 1 .0 0 * * 2 6
26
1 * 2 .0 0 -1 7 2 .5 0

16
15

32
27

20
16

18
18

11
11

1
1

1
1

*

1
1

-

-

•

-

-

—

-

-

-

-

*

-

_

•

1
1

2 3 5 .0 0 2 35 .00 2 2 6 .0 0 - 2 * 9 .0 0
2 3 * .5 0 2 3 5 .0 0 2 2 6 .0 0 - 2 * 8 .0 0

*
-

-

_

•

*

*

5
5

23
23

18
18

1*
1*

6
6

28
28

21
21

*6
*6

*8
**

32
32

55
51

73
73

51
51

8
8

3
3

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

*

"

—

**

*

1
1

12
12

*

*

3
3

*

9
9

25
25

68
68

51
51

8
8

3
3

.

•

-

-

7

7

-

-

-

-

2
2

2

7

7

28
28

39
39

26 at $ 4 0 0 to $ 4 2 0 ; 10 at $ 4 2 0 to $ 4 4 0 ; and 3 a t $ 4 4 0 to $46Q.
2 a t $ 1 2 0 to $ 1 3 0 ; and 24 at $ 1 3 0 to $ 1 4 0 .

See footnotes at end of tables.




*

•

(BUSINESS).

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

1
1

6

2
2

2

23
23

30
26

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

•

-

-

-

-

•

•

.

—

-

-

*

*

.

•

-

-

-

—

•
-

-

-

-

-

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Hartford, Conn., March 1977—Continued
W eek ly earnings 1
(standard)______

Occupation and industry division

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—
“S

A v erage
w eekly
Ho u r 1
(standard]

$

14o
U nder
S

140

$

150

S

160

S

170

S

180

I

190

S

200

S

210

5

220

S

240

250

-

_

23p

24Q

250

26 0

34
34

25
19

39
30

12
6

25
16

22
22

12
12

13
13

12

16Q

170

180

19p

23
23

16
16

200

12
12

210

220

18
18

30
24

16
9

and

13
13

20
20

S
S
$
S
S
S
S
5
260
280
300
320
340
360
380 *0 0

_

and
under
150

$

230

280

300

320

38
38

32
20

24

32

24
21

ALL W 0 R K E R S ~
CONTINUED

DRAFTERS -

CONTINUED
$

102

$
$
184 .00 1 6 0 .0 0 -2 0 8 .0 0
2 05 .50
184 .00 1 6 0 .0 0 -

98

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

188 .50
186.50

308
242

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

250 .00 2 4 3 .5 0 2 2 0 .0 0 242 .50 2 4 1 .0 0 2 1 5 .0 0 -

2 75 .50
2 67 .50

e l e ctronics t e c h n i c i a n s * class am a n u facturing — —
------------------

152
95

4 0 .0 2 6 5 .0 0 2 5 4 .5 0 2 3 3 .0 0 4 0 .0 2 6 2 .0 0 2 62 .00 2 3 3 .0 0 -

297 .50
2 97 .50

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS.
MANUFACTURING

140
131

4 0 .0 2 3 8 .5 0 2 3 0 .0 0 2 1 0 .0 0 4 0 .0 2 3 2 .0 0 2 26 .00 2 1 0 .0 0 -

2 63 .00
2 5 5 .5 0

3 9 .0 2 3 0 .5 0 2 3 2 .5 0 2 1 4 .0 0 4 0 .0 2 23 .00 2 2 4 .0 0 2 0 5 .0 0 -

2 47 .50
2 38 .50

d r a f t e r s * class
m a n u facturing
e l e ctronics

c

—

technicians

m anufacturing

CLASS

REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSES
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------

b

-

21
15

10
4

12
12

17
17

11

See footnotes at end of tables.




14
14

7

20
29
29

21

340

360

380

4QQ

o ver

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in Hartford, Conn., March 1977
A verage
(m ean 2 )

A v erage
(m ean 2 )

Sex, 3 occupation, and in du stry d ivis ion

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

Number
of
woikers

W eek ly
hours 1
(standard)

W eek ly
earnings1
(standard)

Sex, 3 occupation, and indu stry

MEN

131*00
151
148

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

172.00
170.50

63

3 8 .5

161 .50

T Y P IS T S

-

W eek ly
hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings *
(standard)

Sex, 3 occupation, and in du stry d ivis io n

552

37 .0

$
3 0 2 .5 0

133

37 .0 3 4 5 .0 0

220

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S IN E S S )!
NONMANUFACTURING — — —

—

—

183.50

ACCOUNTING CLERKS, CLASS B — — —
NONMANUF ACTURING — — — — —

37
30

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

138.50
137.50

1 FILE CLERKS* CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING — — — —

3 0 7 .0 0

—

WOMEN

404
393

3 7 .0
3 7 .0
3 7 .5
3 7 .0

129 .00
129.50

3 7 .0
3 7 .0

114.50
114 .50

3 7 .0

121.00

699

3 7 .5 2 6 0 .5 0

38*5 141 .50

612

2 5 9 .0 0

216
36

38*0 3 0 4 .0 0
4 0 .0 3 0 3 .5 0

455

38*0
3 7 .5

200

38*0

193.50

106
96

38*0

158 .50
158.50

387

3 8 .5

488

$
3 7 .0 123.50

239

FILE C L E R K S ------------------------------------ —
NONMANUFACTURING----------------- -----—

33

4 0 .0 2 4 1 .0 0

131

4 0 .0 2 3 6 .0 0
4 0 .0

121
SECRETARIES — ---------------------- -----------MANUFACTURING
NONMANUF ACTUR ING

2 .2 * 4
631
1 .6 5 3
62

3 8 .0 188.00
4 0 .0 192 .00
3 7 .0 186.00
4 0 .0 225 .5 0

SECRETARIES. CLASS A — ----------------NON MANUFACTURING

154
65

39*0 2 4 2 .0 0
3 7 .6 2 5 1 .0 0

SECRETARIES* CLASS R
MANUFACTURING-------------- . . . . . . . . .

612
152
460

3 8 .0 2 1 1 .0 0
4 0 .0 2 1 8 .5 0
3 7 .0 2 0 8 .5 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS

798
604
33

3 7 .5 183.00
3 7 .0 183 .50
3 9 .5 2 1 0 .5 0

SECRETARIES* CLASS H
—
NONMANUFACTURING - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

613
417

3 8 .0
3 7 .0

160.50
160.50

STENOGRAPHERS!
NONMANUFACTURING — - - - - - - - - - - - -

146

3 7 .0

120.50
120 .50

ORDER CkEKKS * * - *

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S IN E S S ), CLASS A!
NONMANUFACTURING — — — —

—

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS

36*5 2 7 1 .0 0

(BUSINESS) * CLASS C ■ * * * " " * *

148.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S IN E S S ),
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING
“
NONMANUFACTURING —
— — —
— —

191
86
105

3 9 .0 151 .50
4 0 .0 155.50
3 8*5 148 .50
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S IN E S S ).
Luff
O
■ ■ ■■
163.50

— ---

4 0 .0
38*5

1 42 .50
160 .00
137.50

333

NONMANUFACTURING — — —

1*473
332
1 * 141

3 8 .5
38*0

167 .00
162 .50

82

64

3 7 .5

3 6 .5

1 * - "tt r ,
- 1■
NONMANUFACTURING — — — — — —

_ •.

m a n u f a c t u r in g

49

3 7 .0

808

3 9 .0

127.00

41

3 9 .0

157.00
153.00

68

3 8 .5

165.50

813
666
35

3 8 .0
3 7 -5
4 0 .0

147 .50
147*00
187.50

140 .00

drafters*

153.50

NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------keypunch

operato rs

—

-- ■

T Y P IS T S !

T Y P IS T S , CLASS A !

class

b

d rafters*

159 .00
-,

class

c

— ®

138 .00

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS

NUNHANUr AC 1UnINu • • • •

1 " 1" "

See footnotes at end of tables.

8

L" 1
1

■ i_■it

4 0 .0
83

328
321

1 96 .00
1 97 .00

2 1 7 .5 0
COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B — ----

CLASS A

,

NONMANUFACTURING — ------ ---------------COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS A !

ACCOUNTING CLERKS* CLASS A

4 0 .0

STENOGRAPHERSf GENERAL*




W eek ly
earnings 1
[standard)

141
135

TY PIS TS * CLASS B:
NONMANUFACTURING — — — — — — —

r 1L t L L th ix i f ULAbb U * 1
NONMANUFACTURING —

STENOGRAPHERS. SENIOR!
NONMANUFACTURING

W eekly
hours 1
standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

CO NTINU ED

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS A!
NONMANUFACTURING - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

SECRETARIES* CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING — ■

of
workers

97

ACCOUNTING CLERKS!

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

A v e rage
(m e an 2 )
Number

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

$

ORDER CLERKS — ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------- — --------------

Number
d ivis ion
of
w o ik e n

191.00
191.00

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex
in Hartford, Conn., March 1977—Continued
Average
(m ean 2 )

A v e rage
(m ean 2 )

Sex,

3

occupation, and in du stry d ivis ion

NuiAber
of
w o ik ea

W eekly
hours *
(standard)

W eek ly

Sex, 3 occupation, and in du stry d ivision

Number
of
w orkea

(standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN—^CONTINUED

W eekly
houa *
(standard)

W eekly
earnings ^
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN— CONTINUED

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BUSINESS) - CONTINUED

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS) —

A v erage
(m e an 2 )
Number

Sex, 3 occupation, and indu stry d ivision

of
w orkea

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings *
(standard)

3 7 .5

$
187.00

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN— CONTINUED
314

3 7 .5 2 4 1 .5 0 COMPUTER OPERATORSI

129

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BU S IN E SS )t
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

56
43

3 7 .0 331 .00

3 7 .0 2 9 7 .5 0
3 7 .0 297 .5 0

140
_

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
255*00

See footnotes at end o f ta b les.




9

208*50
COMPUTER OPERATORS* CLASS B:

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S IN E SS ).
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S IN E SS ) » CLASS B:

COMPUTER OPERATORS* CLASS At

3 7 .5 238 .0 0
37 • 0 2 3 6 .0 0

so

3 7 .5 188.00

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in Hartford, Conn., March 1977
H ou rly

eimings 4

N u m ber o f w o rk e rs r e c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e h o u rly earn in gs o f—
S

iber
Occupation and industry division

M ean 2

M e d ia n 2

Middle ran ge

2

S

S

S

s

s

s

S

S

s

S

S

4 .4 0

-4

.6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6 .4 0

6 .6 0

6 .8 0

7 .0 0

7 .2 0

7 , ► 40

7 . 60

7 .8 0

a .o o

8 .2 0

8 .4 0

4 .6 0

4

.8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

6

6 *4 0

6 *6 0

6 .8 0

7 .0 0

7 .2 0

7 .4 0

7 .6 0

7 .8 0

8 .0 0

8 .2 0

8 .4 0

over

1

4 .2 0

<
ers

1

*

S

T

"■1 ----- *

1 ------ S-----

” nder and
* .2 0

and

U n d er
4 .4 0

.JO

ALL WORKERS
$

$

115

MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIANS
MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------

$
6 .8 9

5 .8 3 -

7 .1 6

12

3

7

4

5

32

16

-

2

1
-

4

7 .1 6

2
•

11

6 .1 5 -

—
-

4

7 .0 5

-

3

6 .6 9

—

1

10

2

11

2

4

—

4

29

15

33

ca r p en ter s

$
6 .5 2

82

MANUFACTURING----------------NONMANUFACTURING — -

m a in t e n a n c e

6 .0 9

6 .1 9

5 .3 1 -

6 .7 8

-

2

*

2

1

1

4

3

1

2

1

1

3

4

1

3

1

2

6

30

14

30

34

36

12

24

19

8

2

8

58

12

-

-

4

29

13

27

30

29

8

21

17

5

1

8

56

12

•

-

-

2

3

4

7

4

3

2

3

1

-

2

-

-

4

-

4

2

3

7

2

18

9

4

1

1

1

5

6

62

21

26

-

•

2

2

313

6 .3 9

6 .1 9

5 .7 2 -

7 .6 4

3

5

267

6 .3 9

6 .1 9

5 .7 2 -

7 .4 6

-

5

46

6 .3 7

MAINTENANCE PAINTERS «

62

6 .3 7

6 .6 9

5 .9 1 —

6 »8 6

MAINTENANCE MACHINISTS
MANUFACTURING

163

5 .9 2

6 .1 6

5 .7 1 -

6 .3 4

6 .1 7

5 .7 6 -

6 .9 1

3

—
•

2

*

-

-

1

-

•

•

4

30

4

30

163

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY)
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR VEHICLES)
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S —

2

5 .9 2

6 .1 6

5 .7 1 -

6 .3 4

*

*

188

6 .2 9

6 .2 6

5 .8 1 -

6 .9 2

•

6 .2 6

6 .2 6

5 .6 9 -

6 .9 2

*

“

1

1

2

6

5

..

-

2
2

3
•

-

-

3

*

*

•

—

-

—

-

-

-

4

—

•

6

-

-

5

6

62

21

28

-

2

2

6

11

27

21

14

41

6

8

10

29

11

3

6

11

27

21

6

41

6

*

8

28

11

*

22

13

14

-

-

-

-

•

3
3

-

•

••

.

•

..

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

•

•

•

—

•

*

*

*

•*

1
—

6 .9 8

7 .2 6

6 .0 6 -

7 .9 8

4

16

19

18

8 .1 0

-

-

4

8

-

1

5

1

1

-

3

10

8

1
-

78

5 .8 5 -

10
-

8

7 .2 6

15
-

7

6 .9 7

3
3

14

80

-

6

14

14

180

6 .9 8

7 .1 5

6 .0 6 -

7 .9 8

-

-

3

-

-

-

15

13

2

21

12

10

8

1

6

6

1

-

72

5

4

1

125

7 .3 3

7 .8 3

6 .2 5 -

7 .9 8

-

*

-

-

-

*

3

3

-

21

12

-

—

-

-

6

1

-

69

5

4

1

•

23

51

-

—

-

-

23

51

-

“

260

-

2

MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPERS
MANUFACTURING -

108

5 .2 2

5 .3 6

6 .5 5 -

5 .6 4

5 .2 2

5 .6 8

6 .5 5 -

5 .6 4

*

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS (TOOLROOM)
MANUFACTURING ----------- --------------------------

219

5 .7 7

5 .6 6

6 .9 7 -

6 .5 7

-

218

5 .7 7

5 .6 6

6 .9 7 -

6 .5 7

2

•

101

*

TOOL AND D IE MAKERS
MANUFACTURING STATIONARY ENGINEERS
MANUFACTURING
BOILER TENDERS ---------MANUFACTURING ~
NONMANUFACTURING

7

30

4

27

4

15

6

12

33

7

-

15

4

12

32

7

10

40

1

14

14

25

11

10

20

25

21

18

10

40

1

14

14

25

11

10

20

24

21

18

6 .5 0

6 .6 0

5 .9 5 -

6 .9 2

.

.

-

6 .5 0

6 .6 0

5 .9 5 -

6 .9 2

-

—

-

-

6 7

6 .6 1

6 .2 0

5 .8 6 -

7 .0 5

-

•

-

27

6 .1 5

5 .9 6

5 .6 8 -

7 .0 5

*

*

3
3

6
4
2

5 .6 5

6 .9 1 -

5 .1 3

6 .9 1

6 .6 3 -

5 .6 5

6 .0 1

6 .3 6

5 .3 9 -

6 .3 9

83

_

*

6 .3 9

5 .6 0

39

4

*

1

10

627

66

-

10

627

-

8

-

2

4

2

-

6

41

92

22

97

55

69

49

42

59

21

-

6

41

92

22

97

55

69

49

42

59

21

1

4

3

3

6

7

1

1

7

1

8

1

*

1

3

2

2

6

4

1

*

*

*

8

*

13
9
4

3
1
2

4
—
4

2
2

9

5
1
4

2
2

24

_

_

1

8

1

* W o rk e rs w e re at $3.80 to $4.
See footn otes at end o f tables.




2

-•

3

•

168

-

4

10

1

1

2

m

1

-

-

“

-

-

2

1

1

-

•

—

2

1

1

-

7
17

1

1

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Hartford, Conn., March 1977
Hourly earnings

Num ber o f w o rk ers re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earnings of ----

4

Occupation and industry d ivis ion

1

s

Number
of

2 .2 0
Mean 2

M ed ian 2

M iddle range 2

T

S

2.40 2.60

2 .8 0

S
r
5
S
S
s
%
S
t
s
S
s
S
S
S
3 . 0 0 3.20 3.40 3. 6 0 3. 80 4.00 4.20 4 .40 4.60 4.80 5 . 0 0 5. 2 0 5.40 5. 6 0 5.80

1*792

$

$

5.30

$

S

S

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6.60 7.00

S"

6 .2 0

6 t 60

7 .9 0

and
under

and

2.40 2.60 2.80 3 . 0 0 3 . 2 0
ALL WORKERS

s

40 3.60 3. 80 4. 0 0 4.20 4.40 4 .60 4.80 5.00

$

4.22-

28

72

38

91

126

129

78

69

50

16

S .2 0

31
13
18

5.40 5.60
34

227

8S 0 . 0 0

10

over

1

1

TRUCKDRIVERS. LIGHT TRUCK t
i
8

TRUCK0RIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK
c t r a il e r )

377
iiiwfi i

6.69

295

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK

6.15

5*45

1

49

5.56“ 7.73
8

4.80-

6

32

11

56

10

Aft
40

16

10

20

177

84

_

AJ

ix

i
NUNnANUr Av 1UK lN o

—

56

•“ * " " "

97
47

6.18

4^70

1

1

X

"""

*

U rt

m mm

"""

4.43
4.81
3.97

314

MANUr A t 1UHINu
NONMANUfACTURING --------------------------

4.92

45

29

15

104

15

76
24

45

3.50- 5 . 4 5
5.45
3.00-

29

10

99

15

52

46
15
31

69
36
33

37

IS
15

5.57

22

68

65

15
44

18

W ork ers w e re distrib u ted as fo llo w s :

3.00
2.87

2.82- 3.84
3.80- 5.07
2.60- 3.06

213

149

78

527

367

213

1 *6

78

522

299

97

6

22

'6 8

5 at $7 to $7.40; 325 at $7.40 to $7.80; and 37 at $8.20 to $8.60.

1
1

83

5

67
64

IB

44

68

8

36

i
i

16

68

67

22
1
21

8

46

223

•o

20

45

87

78
61
17

82
22

6
6

90

lo

l

18
4

18

IS

22

7

23

34

4

101

3

3

4

61
40

90

2

21

3

15

25
62

3
3

27

2

3.28
4.28
2.99

8

JJ

62

7

1.961
436
1.S25

1

35

22

38

4^86

See footnotes at end of tables.




62
62

1

10

15
38

37

■■■

JANITORS. PORTERS..AND CLEANERS ----

★

16

1

3

■ 'A1UK5 ■ ■ • • • " * * L*

OUAKUb ArfU KA I vnnLI'l
nAnUi AU 1U n lN y
NONHANUrAt 1UH IN b

42

23

10

u

"""

1.033
576
457

* OKI\L 1r 1

48
17
25
13

13
5

4.10-

5.24
nA nUrA w lUK iN o

25

2

7
n An Ur A v I vn JNVj

u

9
23
19

4.00“
4.00-

4.30
4.24

4

13

3l

-

-

-




Table A -6 . Average hourly earnings of m aintenance, toolroom ,
p o w erp lan t, m aterial m ovem ent, and custodial w orkers,
by sex, in H a rtfo rd , C onn., M arch 1977
Sex, 3 occupation, and industry d ivis ion

Number
of
w orkers

Average
(m e an 2
hourly
earnings

Sex,

m a i n t e n a n c e , t o o l r o o m , and
POWERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - MEN

33

MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIANS*
NONMANUFACTURING —

46

MAINTENANCE MACHINISTS —
MANUFACTURING --------

159
159

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR VEHICLES) —
NONMANUFACTURING PUBLIC UTILITIES

237
180
1X5

BOILER TENDERS ---NONMANUFACTURING

Number
of
w orkers

Average
(m e an 2 )
hourly
earnings4

MATERIAL m o v e m e n t a n o c u s t o d i a l
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

carpenters*
NONMANUFACTURING -----

maintenance

occupation, and in du stry d ivis io n

76
44

$
i TRUCKDRIVERS - CONTINUED
6.091
TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK
(OTHER THAN TRAILER) ------ ---—
6.37
MANUFACTURING ----- -------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------ --5.89
5.89 SHIPPING CLERKS — —
— ——— — —
MANUFACTURING ---- -------------NONMANUFACTURING — — — — — —
6.97
6.98 RECEIVING C L E R K S ----- -------- ----7.33
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING — — — —
—
5.54
6.01 SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS ----MANUFACTURING — — —
—
—
NONMANUFACTURING — — — — —
—

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

w a r e h o u s e m e n ----------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----- ----------- —

NONMANUFACTURING — — — — — —

5.36 MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS -------NONMANUFACTURING —
—
— — —
4.80
5.48
7.79 JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS --NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

TRUCKORIVERS --------- -----MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING -------PUBLIC UTILITIES ----—

687
298
389
347

TRUCKDRIVERS. LIGHT TRUCK*
MANUFACTURING ----- ------

62
415
359

5.31
5.37

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK
(TRAILER) — -------------NONMANUFACTURING --------

441
377

6.43 SHIPPING CLERKS ------ ------------6.69
MANUFACTURING-----

$
6.15
5.05
6.80

144
37
107

5.39
4.98
5.53

92
36
56

4.81
4.97
4.70

142
96
46

4.29
4.30
4.26

579

4.37

479

4.40

832
429

4.26
4.00

1 0 4.19
0

4.24

TRUCKORIVERS. MEDIUM TRUCK
NONMANUFACTURING --------

295
109
186

See footnotes at end o f tables.

12

1.201 3.24
932

3.06

36
33

4.49
4.51

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings, adjusted for
employment shifts, for selected occupational groups
in Hartford, Conn., for selected periods
March 1975
to
March 1976

.Industry and occupational group

A ll industries:
Office clerical
Electronic data processing
.
Industrial nurses
Skilled maintenance tra d e s _____________________ __
Unskilled plant workers

March 1976
to
March 1977

6.4
5.7
6.7
7.9
5.7
6.4
(6)
6.0
8.2
10.1

Nonmanufacturing:
Office c le r ic a l_____________________________________
Electronic data processing
Industrial nurses
Unskilled plant workers _ _ _
_

6.5
( 6>
6.5
7.1
6.5

6.4
5.8
( 6)
2.6

Manufacturing:
Office clerical
Electronic data processing
Industrial nurses . ...
Skilled maintenance trades
Unskilled Diant workers

6.3
5.3
6.2
7.1
6.6

6.3
6.3
( 6)
6.7

Footnotes1
2
1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time
salaries (exclusive of pay for overtim e at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond
to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by
the number of workers. The median designates position— half of the workers receive the same or
more and half receive the same or less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by two
rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn the same or less than the lower of these rates and a
fourth earn the same or more than the higher rate.




J Earnings data relate only to workers whose sex identification was p r o v i d e d by the
establishment.
4 Excludes premium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
5 Estimates for periods ending prior to 1976 relate to men only for skilled maintenance and
unskilled plant workers. A ll other estimates relate to men and women.
6 Data do not meet publication criteria or data not available.
A ll of these standard footnotes may not apply to this bulletin.

13

Appendix A.
Scope and Method
of Survey
D ata on a r e a w a g e s and r e la te d b e n e fits a r e o b ta in ed b y p e r s o n a l
v is it s o f B u reau f ie ld r e p r e s e n t a t iv e s at 3 - y e a r in t e r v a ls .
In ea c h o f the
in te r v e n in g y e a r s , in fo r m a tio n on e m p lo y m e n t and o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s is
c o lle c t e d b y a c o m b in a tio n o f p e r s o n a l v is it , m a il q u e s tio n n a ir e , and t e l e ­
phone in t e r v ie w f r o m e s ta b lis h m e n ts p a r tic ip a tin g in the p r e v io u s s u r v e y .
In e a c h o f the 74 1 a r e a s c u r r e n t ly s u r v e y e d , data a r e o b ta in ed f r o m
r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b ro a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s : M a n u fa c ­
tu r in g ; tr a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le
tr a d e ; r e t a i l tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r
in d u s tr y g ro u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e s tu d ies a r e g o v e rn m e n t o p e r a tio n s and
the c o n s tru c tio n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s tr ie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g f e w e r than
a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d b e c a u s e o f in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y ­
m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied . S e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e r f o r each
o f the b ro a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e con d u cted on a s a m p le b a s is .
T h e s a m p lin g
p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d e ta ile d s t r a t ific a t io n o f a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the
s c o p e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y in d u s tr y and n u m b e r o f e m p lo y e e s .
F r o m th is s t r a t ifie d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ilit y s a m p le is s e le c te d , w ith each
e s ta b lis h m e n t h a vin g a p r e d e te r m in e d ch an ce o f s e le c t io n . T o ob ta in o p tim u m
a c c u r a c y a t m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r p r o p o r tio n o f la r g e than s m a ll e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts is s e le c te d .
W h en data a r e c o m b in e d , e a c h e s ta b lis h m e n t is
w e ig h te d a c c o r d in g to its p r o b a b ilit y o f s e le c tio n , so that u n b ia sed e s tim a te s
a r e g e n e r a te d . F o r e x a m p le , i f one out o f fo u r e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c te d ,
i t is g iv e n a w e ig h t o f 4 to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f p lu s th r e e o th e r s . A n a lte r n a te
o f the s a m e o r ig in a l p r o b a b ilit y is ch o sen in the s a m e in d u s t r y - s iz e c l a s s i ­
fic a t io n i f data a r e n ot a v a ila b le f r o m the o r ig in a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
I f no
s u ita b le su b stitu te is a v a ila b le , a d d itio n a l w e ig h t is a s s ig n e d to a s a m p le
m e m b e r that is s i m i l a r to the m is s in g u n it.
O c c u p a tio n s and e a r n in g s
O c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r stu dy a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y o f m a n u fa c ­
tu rin g and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f the fo llo w in g ty p e s : (1 )
O f f ic e c l e r i c a l ; (2 ) p r o f e s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (3 ) m a in te n a n c e , to o lr o o m ,
and p o w e r p la n t; and (4 ) m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t and c u s to d ia l.
O c c u p a tio n a l
c la s s ific a t io n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d e s ig n e d to tak e
accou n t o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n in d u tie s w ith in the s a m e jo b .
O ccu p ation s s e le c te d f o r stu d y a r e lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d in a p p e n d ix B.
1 Included in the 74 areas are 4 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are Akron,
Ohio; Birmingham, A la .; Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, Va. —N. C . ; and
Syracuse, N .Y . In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies in approximately 100 areas at the
request of the Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department of Labor.




U n le s s o t h e r w is e in d ic a te d , the e a r n in g s data fo llo w in g the jo b
t it le s a r e f o r a ll in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d .
E a r n in g s data f o r s o m e o f the
o c c u p a tio n s lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s w ith in the
sc o p e o f the s u r v e y , a r e n ot p r e s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s b e ca u s e
e it h e r (1 ) e m p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data
to m e r i t p re s e n ta tio n , o r (2 ) th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l
e s ta b lis h m e n t d ata. S e p a r a te m e n 's and w o m e n 's e a r n in g s data a r e n o t
p r e s e n te d w h en the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s n o t id e n tifie d b y s e x is 20 p e r c e n t
o r m o r e o f the m en o r w o m e n id e n tifie d in an o c c u p a tio n .
E a r n in g s data
n ot shown s e p a r a t e ly f o r in d u s tr y d iv is io n s a r e in c lu d e d in d ata f o r a ll
in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d .
L ik e w is e , f o r o c c u p a tio n s w ith m o r e than one l e v e l ,
data a r e in c lu d e d in the o v e r a l l c la s s ific a t io n w h en a s u b c la s s ific a tio n is
n ot shown o r in fo r m a tio n to s u b c la s s ify is n o t a v a ila b le .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s data a r e shown f o r f u l l - t i m e
w o r k e r s , i. e ., th o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly sc h e d u le .
E a r n in g s
data e x c lu d e p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k en d s, h o lid a y s ,
and la te s h ifts .
N o n p ro d u c tio n b on u ses a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a llo w a n c e s and in c e n t iv e b on u ses a r e in c lu d e d .
W e e k ly h o u rs f o r o f f ic e
c l e r i c a l and p r o f e s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s r e f e r to the stan d a rd
w o r k w e e k (ro u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r ) f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e
r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r
a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ). A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r th e s e occu p a tio n s a r e
rou n ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r . V e r t i c a l lin e s w ith in the d is trib u tio n o f
w o r k e r s on s o m e A - t a b le s in d ic a te a ch an ge in the s iz e o f the c la s s in t e r v a ls .

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s in an a r e a
a t a p a r t ic u la r t im e . C o m p a r is o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
tim e m a y n ot r e f l e c t e x p e c te d w a g e c h a n g e s . T h e a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l job s
a r e a ffe c t e d b y ch a n ges in w a g e s and e m p lo y m e n t p a tte r n s .
F o r e x a m p le ,
p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y h ig h - o r lo w - w a g e f i r m s m a y c h a n ge, o r
h ig h -w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d v a n c e to b e t t e r jo b s and be r e p la c e d b y new
w o r k e r s a t lo w e r r a t e s . Such s h ifts in e m p lo y m e n t cou ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u ­
p a tio n a l a v e r a g e e v e n though m o s t e s ta b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a in c r e a s e w a g e s
d u rin g the y e a r . C h an ges in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s , shown in ta b le
A - 7 , a r e b e t t e r in d ic a to r s o f w a g e tr e n d s than a r e e a r n in g s c h an ges f o r
in d iv id u a l jo b s w ith in the g ro u p s .

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s ite , a r e a w id e e s tim a te s . In d u s tr ie s
and e s ta b lis h m e n ts d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and jo b s ta ffin g , and thus c o n trib u te
d if fe r e n t ly to the e s tim a te s f o r e a c h jo b . P a y a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e ly th e w a g e d if fe r e n t ia l a m o n g jo b s in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts .

A v e r a g e p a y l e v e ls f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s should
n o t be a s s u m ed to r e f l e c t d iffe r e n c e s in p a y o f the s e x e s w ith in in d iv id u a l
e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
F a c t o r s w h ich m a y c o n trib u te to d if fe r e n c e s in c lu d e p r o ­
g r e s s io n w ith in e s ta b lis h e d r a te ra n g e s (o n ly the r a te s p aid in cu m b en ts a r e
c o lle c t e d ) and p e r fo r m a n c e o f s p e c ific d u ties w ith in the g e n e r a l s u r v e y jo b
d e s c r ip tio n s . Job d e s c r ip tio n s u s e d to c l a s s if y e m p lo y e e s in th e s e s u r v e y s
u s u a lly a r e m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th o s e u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts
and a llo w f o r m in o r d if fe r e n c e s am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts in s p e c ific d u ties
pe r fo r m e d .

E le c t r o n ic d ata p r o c e s s in g

S k ille d m a in te n a n c e

C o m p u te r s y s te m s
a n a ly s ts , c la s s e s
A , B, and C
C o m p u te r p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c la s s e s A , B, and C
C o m p u te r o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s e s A , B, and C

C a r p e n te r s
E le c t r ic ia n s
P a in t e r s
M a c h in is ts
M e c h a n ic s (m a c h in e r y )
M e c h a n ic s (m o to r v e h ic le )
P ip e f it t e r s
T o o l and d ie m a k e r s

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a ll e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e stu d y and n o t th e n u m b e r a c tu a lly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e s am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts d if fe r , e s tim a te s o f
o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d f r o m the s a m p le o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied
s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te the r e la t iv e im p o rta n c e o f the jo b s stu d ied .
These
d if fe r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e do n ot a f f e c t m a t e r ia lly the a c c u r a c y o f
th e e a r n in g s d ata.

I n d u s t r ia l n u rs e s

U n s k ille d p lan t

R e g is t e r e d in d u s tr ia l
n u rs e s

J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and
c le a n e r s
M a t e r ia l h a n d lin g la b o r e r s

W a g e tr e n d s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l gro u p s
T h e p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s p r e s e n te d in ta b le A - 7 a r e b a s e d on ch an ges
in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f m en and w o m e n in e s ta b lis h m e n ts r e p o r tin g the
tr e n d jo b s in both the c u r r e n t and p r e v io u s y e a r (m a tc h e d e s ta b lis h m e n ts ).
T h e data a r e a d ju s te d to r e m o v e the e ffe c t s on a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f e m p lo y ­
m e n t s h ifts am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts and tu r n o v e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts in clu d ed
in s u r v e y s a m p le s .
T h e p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a r e s t ill a ffe c t e d b y
f a c t o r s o th e r than w a g e in c r e a s e s . H ir in g s , la y o ffs , and tu r n o v e r m a y a ffe c t
an e s ta b lis h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an o c c u p a tio n w hen w o r k e r s a r e p a id u n d er p lan s
p r o v id in g a ra n g e o f w a g e r a te s f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s . In p e r io d s o f in c r e a s e d
h ir in g , f o r e x a m p le , n ew e m p lo y e e s m a y e n te r at the b o tto m o f the ra n g e ,
d e p r e s s in g the a v e r a g e w ith ou t a chan ge in w a g e r a te s .
T h e p e r c e n t ch an ges r e la te to w a g e c h a n ges b e tw e e n th e in d ic a te d
d a te s . W h en the tim e span b e tw e e n s u r v e y s is o th e r than 12 m on th s, annual
r a te s a r e shown,
( i t is a s s u m ed th at w a g e s in c r e a s e at a con stan t r a te
b e tw e e n s u r v e y s .)
O c c u p a tio n s u s e d to c om p u te w a g e tr e n d s a r e :

O f f ic e c l e r i c a l

O r d e r c le r k s
A c c o u n tin g c le r k s ,
c la s s e s A and B
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e
o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B
P a y r o l l c le r k s
K eyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s e s A and B

a r e a s in the p r o g r a m a r e com p u ted

1. A v e r a g e e a r n in g s a r e c om p u ted f o r ea c h o c c u p a tio n f o r
the 2 y e a r s b e in g c o m p a r e d . T h e a v e r a g e s a r e d e r iv e d
f r o m e a r n in g s in th o s e e s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ich a r e in
the s u r v e y both y e a r s ; i t is a s s u m ed th at e m p lo y m e n t
r e m a in s u n ch an ged.
2.

E a c h o c c u p a tio n is a s s ig n e d a w e ig h t b a sed on its p r o ­
p o r tio n a te e m p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p in the
base y ea r.

3.

T h e s e w e ig h ts a r e u sed to com p u te g ro u p a v e r a g e s .
E a c h o c c u p a tio n 's a v e r a g e e a r n in g s (c o m p u te d in step 1)
is m u ltip lie d b y its w e ig h t. T h e p ro d u c ts a r e to ta le d to
ob ta in a g ro u p a v e r a g e .

4.

T h e r a t io o f g ro u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s is
com p u ted b y d iv id in g th e a v e r a g e f o r the c u r r e n t y e a r b y
the a v e r a g e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r . T h e r e s u lt— e x p r e s s e d
as a p e r c e n t— le s s 100 is th e p e r c e n t ch an ge.

F o r a m o r e d e ta ile d d e s c r ip t io n o f the m eth o d u s e d to com p u te th e s e
w a g e tr e n d s , s e e "I m p r o v in g A r e a W a g e S u r v e y In d e x e s , " M o n th ly L a b o r
R e v ie w , J a n u a ry 1973, pp. 5 2 -5 7 .

O f f ic e c l e r i c a l — C on tin u ed

S e c r e t a r ie s
S ten o g ra p h e rs , g en e ra l
S t e n o g r a p h e r s , s e n io r
T y p is t s , c la s s e s A and B
F i l e c le r k s , c la s s e s A ,
B, and C
M essen g ers
S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a to r s

P e r c e n t c h a n ges f o r in d iv i
as fo llo w s :

E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s




T a b u la tio n s on s e le c te d e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry
w a g e p r o v is io n s ( 6 - s e r i e s ta b le s ) a r e n o t p r e s e n te d in th is b u lle tin . I n f o r ­
m a tio n f o r th e s e ta b u la tio n s is c o lle c t e d a t 3 - y e a r in t e r v a ls .
T h e s e ta b u ­
la tio n s on m in im u m e n tr a n c e s a la r ie s f o r in e x p e r ie n c e d o f f ic e w o r k e r s ; s h ift
d if fe r e n t ia ls ; sc h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs and d a y s; p a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a tio n s ;
and h e a lth , in s u ra n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s a r e p r e s e n te d (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s )
in p r e v io u s b u lle tin s f o r th is a r e a .

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
in Hartford, Conn.,1 March 1977
Industry division 2

Minimum
employment
in establishments in scope
of study

Within scope of study 4
Within scope
of study 5

Studied

Studied
Number

Percent

536

ALL D IV ISIO NS ------------------------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r in g ------------- -------- ----- --------- ---------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------- ----------------- ---- ---------------t r a n s p o r t a t i o n * c o m m u n ic a t io n , ano

50
50

OTHER PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 5 -----------------------------WHOLESALE t r a o e 6 ------------------------------------------RETAIL TRADE6 -----------------------------------------------FINANCE, INSURANCE, ANO REAL ESTATE6 ----------SERVICES6 7 -----------------------------------------------------

50
50
50
50
50

141

1 53 ,894

10
0

21
1

51
90

7 3 ,2 1 7
8 0 ,6 7 7

48
52

4 9 ,0 0 5
5 5 ,4 4 9

13
14

5 ,5 4 2
7 ,1 1 2
15,951
4 3 ,4 2 9
8 ,6 4 3

1
0

4
5

3 ,8 21
3 ,4 2 5
7 ,8 2 7
3 6 ,5 2 9
3 ,8 4 7

325
28

6
8
90

2
1

73

18
24

6
6

1 The Hartford Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the Office
of Management and Budget through February 1974, consists of the city of Hartford,
and 21 towns in Hartford County, New Hartford town in Litchfield County; 3 towns
in Middlesex County, Colchester town in New London County, and 10 towns in
Tolland County. The "workers within scope of study" estimates shown in this table
provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor
force included in the survey. Estimates are not intended, however, fo r comparison
with other employment indexes to measure employment trends or levels since (1)
planning of wage surveys requires establishment data compiled considerably in
advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) sm all establishments are excluded
from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1972 edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used
in classifying establishments by industry division. However, all government oper­
ations are excluded from the scope of the survey.
3 Includes a ll establishments with total employment at or above the minimum
limitation. A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in industries such as trade,
finance, auto repair service, and motion picture theaters are considered as 1
establishment.




Workers in establishments

Number of establishments

,

26

6

104,454

4 Includes all workers in all establishments with total employment (within
the area) at or above the minimum limitation.
5 Abbreviated to "public u tilities" in the A -serie s tables. Taxicabs and
services incidental to water transportation are excluded.
6 This division is represented in estimates fo r " a ll industries" and "non­
manufacturing" in the A -s e rie s tables. Separate presentation of data is not made
fo r one or m ore of the following reasons: (1) Employment is too sm all to provide
enough data to m erit separate Study, (2) the sample was not designed initially to
perm it separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to perm it
separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual es­
tablishment data.
7 Hotels and m otels; laundries and other personal services; business services;
automobile repair, rental, and parking; motion pictures; nonprofit membership
organizations (excluding religious and charitable organizations); and engineering
and architectural services.

16

Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r ip tio n s f o r the B u ­
r e a u ’ s w a g e s u r v e y s is to a s s is t its f ie ld s ta ff in c la s s ify in g in to a p p r o ­
p r ia t e o c c u p a tio n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p lo y e d u n d er a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o ll
t it le s and d iffe r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n ts f r o m e s ta b lis h m e n t to e s t a b lis h ­
m en t and f r o m a r e a to a r e a . T h is p e r m it s the g ro u p in g o f o c c u p a tio n a l
w a g e r a te s r e p r e s e n tin g c o m p a r a b le jo b con ten t. B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a ­
s is on in t e r e s ta b lis h m e n t and in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ilit y o f o c c u p a tio n a l
con ten t, the B u re a u 's jo b d e s c r ip tio n s m a y d if f e r s ig n ific a n t ly f r o m th o s e
in u s e in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts o r th o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g th e s e jo b d e s c r ip t io n s , the B u re a u 's f ie ld e c o n o m is ts a r e
in s tr u c te d to e x c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p r e n tic e s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g in ­
n e r s ; and p a r t - t im e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s . H a n d ica p p ed
w o r k e r s w h o s e e a r n in g s a r e red u c e d b e ca u s e o f th e ir h a n d icap a r e a ls o
e x c lu d e d .
T r a in e e s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the s u r v e y e x c e p t f o r th o s e r e ­
c e iv in g o n - t h e - jo b tr a in in g in s o m e o f the lo w e r l e v e l p r o fe s s io n a l and
te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s .

Office
SECRETARY

SE C R E T A R Y — C ontinu e d

A s s ig n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to one in d iv id u a l. M a in ­
ta in s a c lo s e and h ig h ly r e s p o n s iv e r e la tio n s h ip to the d a y - t o - d a y w o r k o f the
s u p e r v is o r .
W o r k s f a i r l y in d e p e n d e n tly r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e ta ile d
s u p e r v is io n and g u id a n c e . P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l d u tie s ,
u s u a lly in c lu d in g m o s t o f the f o llo w in g :

M a y a ls o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l task s o f c o m p a ra b le
n a tu re and d iffic u lt y . T h e w o r k t y p ic a lly r e q u ir e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e rou tin e
and u n d e rs ta n d in g o f the o r g a n iz a tio n , p r o g r a m s , and p ro c e d u r e s r e la te d to
the w o r k o f the s u p e r v is o r .

E x c lu s io n s
a. R e c e iv e s te le p h o n e c a lls , p e r s o n a l c a lle r s , and in c o m in g m a il,
a n s w e r s ro u tin e in q u ir ie s , and ro u te s te c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s to the p r o p e r
p erson s;
b.
c.
in s tr u c te d ;

E s ta b lis h e s ,

m a in ta in s ,

and r e v is e s

M a in ta in s the s u p e r v is o r 's

the s u p e r v is o r 's f i l e s ;

c a le n d a r and m a k e s a p p o in tm e n ts as

N o t a ll p o s itio n s that a r e tit le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the a b o v e c h a r ­
a c t e r is t ic s . E x a m p le s o f p o s itio n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the d e fin itio n a r e
as fo llo w s :
a. P o s itio n s w h ich
d e s c r ib e d a b o v e ;
b.

d.

R e la y s m e s s a g e s f r o m

s u p e r v is o r to s u b o rd in a te s ;

e . R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , and r e p o r ts p r e p a r e d b y
o th e r s f o r the s u p e r v is o r 's s ig n a tu r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and ty p o g ra p h ic
accu racy;
f.

P e rfo r m s




s te n o g r a p h ic and ty p in g w o r k .

s io n a l,

do n o t m e e t

the " p e r s o n a l"

s e c re ta ry

con cept

S te n o g ra p h e rs n o t f u lly tr a in e d in s e c r e t a r ia l- t y p e d u tie s ;

c . S te n o g ra p h e rs s e r v in g as o f f ic e a s s is ta n ts to a gro u p o f p r o f e s ­
te c h n ic a l, o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ;

d. S e c r e t a r y p o s itio n s in w h ich th e d u tie s a r e e ith e r s u b s ta n tia lly
m o r e ro u tin e o r s u b s ta n tia lly m o r e c o m p le x and r e s p o n s ib le that th o s e c h a r ­
a c t e r iz e d in the d e fin itio n ;

S E C R E T A R Y — C on tin u ed

S E C R E T A R Y — C ontinued
C la s s C

E x c lu s io n s — C on tin u ed
e.
A s s is t a n t - t y p e p o s itio n s w h ich
r e s p o n s ib le te c h n ic a l, a d m in is t r a t iv e , s u p e r v is o r y ,
d u tie s w h ich a r e not t y p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r ia l w o r k .

in v o lv e m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e
1. S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e rs o n w h o s e r e s p o n ­
o r s p e c ia liz e d c l e r i c a l
s ib ilit y is not e q u iv a le n t to on e o f the s p e c ific l e v e l situ a tio n s in th e d e fin itio n
f o r c la s s B , but w h o s e o r g a n iz a t io n a l unit n o r m a lly n u m b e rs at le a s t s e v e r a l
d o z e n e m p lo y e e s and is u s u a lly d iv id e d in to o r g a n iz a tio n a l s e g m e n ts w h ich a r e
o fte n , in tu tn , fu r th e r s u b d iv id e d .
In s om e c o m p a n ie s , th is l e v e l in c lu d e s a
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u sed in the l e v e l d e fin itio n s
w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n iz a tio n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly one o r tw o ; or^
fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to th o s e o f f ic ia ls w ho h a ve a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a te w id e
p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r c o m p a n y a c t iv it ie s .
T h e t it le " v ic e
2. S e c r e t a r y to th e head o f an in d iv id u a l p lant, f a c t o r y , e tc . (o r
p r e s id e n t, " though n o r m a lly in d ic a tiv e o f th is r o l e , d o e s n ot in a ll c a s e s
o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, f e w e r than 5 ,0 0 0
id e n t ify such p o s itio n s .
V ic e p r e s id e n ts w h o s e p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y is to
p erso n s.
a c t p e r s o n a lly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r tr a n s a c tio n s (e . g . , a p p ro v e o r deny
in d iv id u a l loan o r c r e d it a c tio n s ; a d m in is te r in d iv id u a l tr u s t ac c o u n ts ; d i r e c t ly
C la s s D
s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l s ta ff) a r e not c o n s id e r e d to be " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r
1. S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v is o r o r head o f a s m a ll o r g a n iz a tio n a l unit
p u rp o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e fo llo w in g l e v e l d e fin itio n s .
( e . g . , f e w e r than about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ); £ £
C la s s A
1. S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a co m p a n y
th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

2. S e c r e t a r y to a non s u p e r v is o r y s t a f f s p e c ia lis t, p r o fe s s io n a l
e m p lo y e e , a d m in is tr a tiv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s is ta n t, s k ille d te c h n icia n , o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E :
M a n y c o m p a n ie s a s s ig n s te n o g r a p h e r s , r a th e r than s e c r e t a r ie s as
d e s c r ib e d a b o v e , to th is l e v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r . )
STENO G RAPH ER

2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o t h e r than the c h a ir m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t) o f a co m p a n y th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 but f e w e r
than 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r *
3
2
1
3. S e c r e t a r y to the h ead , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w the c o r p o r a t e o f f ic e r
l e v e l , o f a m a jo r s e g m e n t o r s u b s id ia r y o f a c o m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll,
o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

C la s s B

P r i m a r y duty is to tak e d ic ta tio n u s in g sh o rth an d , and to t r a n s c r ib e
th e d ic ta tio n .
M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w r itte n c o p y .
M a y o p e r a te f r o m a s te n o ­
g ra p h ic p o o l.
M a y o c c a s io n a lly t r a n s c r ib e f r o m v o ic e r e c o r d in g s ( i f p r im a r y
duty is t r a n s c r ib in g fr o m r e c o r d in g s , s e e T r a n s c r ib in g - M a c h in e T y p is t ).
N O T E : T h is jo b is d is tin g u is h e d f r o m th at o f a s e c r e t a r y in th at a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a lly w o r k s in a c o n fid e n t ia l r e la tio n s h ip w ith on ly one m a n a g e r
o r e x e c u tiv e and p e r f o r m s m o r e r e s p o n s ib le and d is c r e t io n a r y ta s k s as
d e s c r ib e d in th e s e c r e t a r y jo b d e fin itio n .

1. S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f the b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t o f a co m p a n y
th at e m p lo y s , in a l l , f e w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r than th e c h a ir m a n o f the
b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t) o f a c o m p a n y th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r
than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to th e h ead , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w th e o f f i c e r l e v e l , o v e r
e it h e r a m a jo r c o r p o r a tio n w id e fu n c tio n a l a c t iv it y (e . g . , m a r k e tin g , r e s e a r c h ,
o p e r a tio n s , in d u s tr ia l r e la t io n s , e t c .) o£ a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a tio n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a rte r s ; a m a jo r d iv is io n ) o f a com p a n y th at
e m p lo y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but f e w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p lo y e e s ; o r

S te n o g ra p h e r, G e n e r a l

k eep

D ic ta tio n in v o lv e s a n o r m a l ro u tin e v o c a b u la r y .
M a y m a in ta in f i l e s ,
s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t i v e l y ro u tin e c l e r i c a l ta s k s .
S te n o g ra p h e r, S e n io r

D ic ta tio n in v o lv e s a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such
as in l e g a l b r ie f s o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h .
M a y a ls o set up and
m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e tc .
OR

P e r f o r m s s te n o g r a p h ic d u tie s r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n tly g r e a t e r in d e ­
p en d e n c e and r e s p o n s ib ilit y than s te n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l, as e v id e n c e d by th e
fo llo w in g :
W o rk r e q u ir e s a h igh d e g r e e o f s te n o g r a p h ic s p eed and a c c u r a c y ;
4. S e c r e t a r y to th e head o f an in d iv id u a l p lan t, fa c t o r y , e tc . (o r
a th o ro u g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s and o f f ic e p r o c e d u r e ; and
o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
o f the s p e c ific b u s in e s s o p e r a tio n s , o r g a n iz a tio n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k flo w , e tc .
U s e s th is k n o w le d g e in p e r fo r m in g s te n o g ra p h ic d u tie s and
5.
S e c r e t a r y to th e head o f a la r g e and im p o rta n t o r g a n iz ar e s n a l s ib le c l e r i c a l ta s k s such as m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b lin g
tio p o n
m a t e r ia l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d a , and l e t t e r s ; c o m p o s in g s im p le le t t e r s
s e g m e n t (e . g . , a m id d le m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v is o r o f an o r g a n iz a tio n a l s e g m e n t
f r o m g e n e r a l in s tr u c tio n s ; r e a d in g and ro u tin g in c o m in g m a il; and a n s w e r in g
o fte n in v o lv in g as m a n y as s e v e r a l hundred p e r s o n s ) o r a co m p a n y th at
ro u tin e q u e s tio n s , e tc .
e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .




T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E T Y P I S T

M ESSENGER

P r i m a r y duty is to tr a n s c r ib e d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l rou tin e
v o c a b u la r y f r o m tr a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s . M a y a ls o typ e f r o m w r itte n
c o p y and do s im p le c l e r i c a l w o r k . W o r k e r s t r a n s c r ib in g d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g
a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such as le g a l b r ie f s o r r e p o r ts
on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h a r e n o t in c lu d e d .
A w o r k e r w ho ta k e s d ic ta tio n in
shorthand o r b y S ten oty p e o r s im ila r m a c h in e is c la s s ifie d as a s te n o g r a p h e r .

P e r f o r m s v a r io u s ro u tin e d u tie s such as running e r r a n d s , o p e r a tin g
m in o r o f f ic e m a c h in e s such as s e a le r s o r m a i l e r s , op en in g and d is trib u tin g
m a il, and o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x c lu d e p o s itio n s th at r e q u ir e o p e r a tio n
o f a m o to r v e h ic le as a s ig n ific a n t duty.

T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls o r to m a k e
out b ills a ft e r c a lc u la tio n s h a v e b een m a d e b y an o th er p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e
ty p in g o f s t e n c ils , m a ts , o r s im ila r m a t e r ia ls f o r u se in d u p lic a tin g p r o c ­
esses.
M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g l i t t l e s p e c ia l tr a in in g , such as
k e e p in g s im p le r e c o r d s , f ilin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r tin g and d is trib u tin g
in c o m in g m a il.
C la s s A . P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f the f o llo w in g : T y p in g m a t e r ia l
in fin a l f o r m w hen i t in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r ia l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r c o r r e c t s p e llin g , s y lla b ic a t io n , punctu ation , e tc ., o f t e c h ­
n ic a l o r unusual w o r d s o r f o r e ig n la n gu a ge m a t e r ia l; o r p lan n in g la y o u t and
ty p in g o f c o m p lic a te d s t a t is t ic a l ta b le s to m a in ta in u n ifo r m ity and b a la n c e in
s p a c in g . M a y ty p e rou tin e f o r m le t t e r s , v a r y in g d e ta ils to su it c ir c u m s ta n c e s .
C la s s B.
P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g ; C o p y ty p in g f r o m
rou gh o r c l e a r d r a ft s ; o r rou tin e ty p in g o f fo r m s , in s u ra n c e p o lic ie s , e tc .;
o r s e ttin g up s im p le stan d a rd ta b u la tio n s ; o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s
a lr e a d y s e t up and sp a ced p r o p e r ly .

F IL E C L E R K
F i l e s , c l a s s i f ie s , and r e t r ie v e s m a t e r ia l in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g
s y s te m . M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and m an u a l ta s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in f i l e s .
P o s it io n s a r e c l a s s ifie d in to l e v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A .
C la s s if ie s and in d e x e s f i l e m a t e r ia l such as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , te c h n ic a l d o c u m e n ts , e tc ., in an e s ta b lis h e d f ilin g s y s te m
c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a tte r f i l e s .
M a y a ls o f i l e th is
m a t e r ia l.
M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p e s in co n ju n c tio n w ith the f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a ll g ro u p o f lo w e r l e v e l f i l e c le r k s .
C la s s B.
S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l b y s im p le
(s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d in g s o r p a r t ly c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l b y f in e r s u b h ead in gs.
P r e p a r e s s im p le r e la t e d in d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s .
A s r e q u e s te d ,
lo c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n t ifie d m a t e r ia l in f i l e s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l.
M ay
p e rfo r m
r e la t e d c l e r i c a l ta s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v ic e f i l e s .
C la s s C .
P e r f o r m s ro u tin e f ilin g o f m a t e r ia l that has a lr e a d y b e en
c l a s s ifie d o r w h ich is e a s i l y c la s s ifie d in a s im p le s e r ia l c la s s ific a t io n
s y s te m (e . g . , a lp h a b e tic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r n u m e r ic a l).
As
r e q u e s te d ,
lo c a t e s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a t e r ia l in f i l e s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia ls ; and m a y
f i l l out w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e .
M a y p e r f o r m s im p le c l e r i c a l and m an u a l ta s k s
r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v ic e f i l e s .




S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le u sed w ith a p r iv a t e
b ra n c h e x c h a n g e (P B X ) s y s te m to r e l a y in c o m in g , ou tgo in g , and in t r a s y s t e m
c a lls .
M a y p r o v id e in fo r m a tio n to c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and tr a n s m it m e s s a g e s ,
k e e p r e c o r d o f c a lls p la c e d and t o l l c h a r g e s . B e s id e s o p e r a tin g a te le p h o n e
s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le , m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r f o r m rou tin e c l e r i c a l w o rk
(ty p in g o r ro u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y o c c u p y the m a jo r p o r tio n o f the w o r k e r 's
t im e , and is u s u a lly p e r f o r m e d w h ile a t the s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le ). C h ie f
o r le a d o p e r a t o r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one o p e r a t o r a r e
e x c lu d e d . F o r an o p e r a t o r w ho a ls o a c ts as a r e c e p tio n is t, s e e S w itc h b o a rd
O pe ra to r -R e c e p tio n i s t .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T
A t a s in g le - p o s it io n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le , a c ts both as
an o p e r a t o r — s e e S w itc h b o a r d O p e r a t o r — and as a r e c e p tio n is t. R e c e p t io n is t 's
w o r k in v o lv e s such d u tie s as g r e e t in g v i s i t o r s ; d e te r m in in g n a tu re o f v i s i t o r 's
b u s in e s s and p r o v id in g a p p r o p r ia t e in fo r m a tio n ; r e f e r r i n g v i s i t o r to a p p r o ­
p r ia t e p e r s o n in the o r g a n iz a tio n o r c o n ta c tin g th at p e r s o n b y te le p h o n e and
a r r a n g in g an ap p o in tm e n t; k e e p in g a lo g o f v i s i t o r s .
ORDER C LER K
R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a il,
phone, o r p e r s o n a lly .
D u tie s in v o lv e an y c o m b in a tio n o f the f o llo w in g :
Q uoting p r ic e s to c u s to m e r s ; m a k in g out an o r d e r sh e e t lis tin g the ite m s , to
m a k e up the o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r ic e s and qu a n titie s o f ite m s on o r d e r s h e e t;
and d is tr ib u tin g o r d e r s h e e ts to r e s p e c t iv e d e p a rtm e n ts to be f i l l e d .
M ay
c h e c k w ith c r e d it d e p a rtm e n t to d e te r m in e c r e d it ra tin g o f c u s to m e r, a c k n o w l­
e d g e r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s to m e r s , fo llo w up o r d e r s to s e e th at th e y
h a v e b e e n f ille d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and c h e c k shipping in v o ic e s
w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .
A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K
P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e ac c ou n tin g c l e r i c a l ta s k s such as p o s tin g to
r e g is t e r s and le d g e r s ; r e c o n c ilin g bank ac c o u n ts ; v e r if y in g the in t e r n a l c o n ­
s is te n c y , c o m p le t e n e s s , aftd m a th e m a tic a l a c c u r a c y o f a ccou n tin g d o c u m e n ts ;
a s s ig n in g p r e s c r ib e d a c c o u n tin g d is tr ib u t io n c o d e s ; e x a m in in g and v e r if y in g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y ,v a rio u s ty p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a lc u la tio n s , p o s tin g ,
e t c .; o r p r e p a r in g s im p le o r a s s is tin g in p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p lic a te d jo u r n a l
vou ch ers.
M a y w o r k in e it h e r a m a n u a l o r au tom a ted ac c ou n tin g s y s te m .
T h e w o r k r e q u ir e s a k n o w le d g e o f c l e r i c a l m eth o d s and o f f i c e p r a c ­
t ic e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h r e la t e s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s in g and r e c o r d in g
o f tr a n s a c tio n s and a c c o u n tin g in fo r m a tio n .
W ith e x p e r ie n c e , the w o r k e r
t y p ic a lly b e c o m e s f a m i l ia r w ith the b o o k k e e p in g and ac c ou n tin g t e r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in the a s s ig n e d w o r k , but is n o t r e q u ir e d to h a v e a k n o w le d g e
o f th e f o r m a l p r in c ip le s o f b o o k k e e p in g and a c c o u n tin g .
P o s it io n s
d e fin itio n s :

are

c la s s i fi e d

in to

l e v e l s on

the b a s is o f

the

fo llo w in g

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K — C ontinued

M A C H IN E B I L L E R — C ontinu ed

C la s s A .
U n der g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s accou n tin g c l e r i c a l
o p e r a tio n s w h ich r e q u ir e the a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m e n t, f o r
e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s in g c o m p lic a te d o r n o n r e p e titiv e ac c ou n tin g t r a n s ­
a c tio n s , s e le c tin g am on g a s u b s ta n tia l v a r ie t y o f p r e s c r ib e d accou n tin g c o d e s
and c la s s ific a t io n s , o r tr a c in g tr a n s a c tio n s th rou gh p r e v io u s accou n tin g
a c tio n s to d e te r m in e s o u r c e o f d is c r e p a n c ie s .
M a y be a s s is te d b y one o r
m o r e c la s s B a ccou n tin g c le r k s .

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e b i l l e r .
U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (w ith o r
w ith ou t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a rd ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b ills as p a r t o f the
accou n ts r e c e iv a b le o p e r a tio n .
G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s the sim u lta n e o u s e n tr y o f
f ig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u to m a tic a lly a c c u m u la te s
fig u r e s on a n u m b er o f v e r t i c a l colu m n s and c om p u tes and u s u a lly p rin ts
a u to m a tic a lly th e d e b it o r c r e d it b a la n c e s .
D oes not in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e
o f b o o k k e e p in g .
W o rk s fr o m
u n ifo rm
and stan d a rd ty p e s o f s a le s and
c r e d it s lip s .

C la s s B .
U n d er c lo s e su p e rv is io n / - fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tr u c tio n s
and s ta n d a rd ize d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e rou tin e a ccou n tin g c l e r ­
ic a l o p e r a tio n s , such as p o s tin g to le d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e ts w h e r e
id e n tific a tio n o f ite m s and lo c a tio n s o f p o s tin g s a r e c le a r ly in d ic a te d ; c h e c k in g
a c c u r a c y and c o m p le t e n e s s o f s ta n d a rd iz e d and r e p e t it iv e r e c o r d s o r
accou n tin g d o c u m e n ts ; and c o d i n g
d ocu m en ts u sin g a fe w p r e s c r ib e d
a ccou n tin g c o d e s .

P A Y R O LL CLERK

B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (w ith o r w ith ou t a t y p e w r it e r k e y ­
b o a r d ) to k e ep a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s tr a n s a c tio n s .
C la s s A .
K e e p s a set o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n o w le d g e o f and
e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic b o o k k e e p in g p r in c ip le s , and f a m ilia r it y w ith the s tru c tu re
o f the p a r tic u la r accou n tin g s y s te m u s e d .
D e te r m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d is tr ib u t io n o f d e b it and c r e d it ite m s to be u sed in each p h ase o f the w o rk .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b a la n ce s h e e ts , and o th e r r e c o r d s by hand.

C la s s B .
K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h ases o r s e c tio n s o f a
s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly r e q u ir in g lit t le k n o w le d g e o f b a s ic b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s
o r s e c tio n s in c lu d e ac c o u n ts p a y a b le , p a y r o ll, c u s to m e r s ' accou n ts (not
in c lu d in g a s im p le ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d under m a ch in e b i l l e r ) , c o s t d is ­
tr ib u tio n , e x p e n s e d is tr ib u tio n , in v e n t o r y c o n tr o l, e tc .
M ay c h e c k o r a s s is t
in p r e p a r a tio n o f t r i a l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n tr o l s h eets f o r the accou n tin g
d e p a rtm e n t.

C o m p u te s w a g e s o f com p a n y e m p lo y e e s and e n te r s th e n e c e s s a r y
d ata on the p a y r o ll s h e e ts .
D u ties in v o lv e :
C a lc u la tin g w o r k e r s ' e a r n in g s
b a s e d on tim e o r p ro d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; and p o s tin g c a lc u la te d data on p a y r o ll
s h e e t, sh ow in g in fo r m a tio n such as w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o rk in g d a y s , t im e , r a te ,
d e d u ctio n s f o r in s u r a n c e , and to ta l w a g e s due.
M a y m a k e out p a y c h e c k s and
a s s is t p a y m a s te r in m a k in g up and d is tr ib u tin g p ay e n v e lo p e s .
M a y use a
c a lc u la tin g m a c h in e .
KEYPU N CH OPERATO R
O p e r a te s a keypun ch m a c h in e to r e c o r d o r v e r i f y a lp h a b e tic an d/or
n u m e r ic data on ta b u la tin g c a r d s o r on ta p e .
P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s .

are

c l a s s ifie d

in to

le v e l s

on

the

b a s is o f the fo llo w in g

C la s s A .
W o rk r e q u ir e s the a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d gm en t
in s e le c tin g p r o c e d u r e s to be fo llo w e d and in s e a r c h in g fo r , in t e r p r e tin g ,
s e le c tin g , o r c o d in g ite m s to be keyp u n ch ed f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s o u rc e d o c u ­
m e n ts .
On o c c a s io n m a y a ls o p e r f o r m s o m e ro u tin e keypunch w o r k .
M ay
tr a in in e x p e r ie n c e d k eypu n ch o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B .
W o rk is ro u tin e and r e p e t it iv e .
U n d er c lo s e s u p e r v is io n
o r fo llo w in g s p e c ific p r o c e d u r e s o r in s tr u c tio n s , w o rk s fr o m v a r io u s s ta n ­
d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d oc u m e n ts w h ich h a ve b een c o d e d , and fo llo w s s p e c ifie d
p r o c e d u r e s w h ich h a ve b een p r e s c r ib e d in d e t a il and r e q u ir e l i t t l e o r no
s e le c t in g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g o f d ata to be r e c o r d e d . R e fe r s to s u p e r v is o r
p r o b le m s a r is in g f r o m e r r o n e o u s ite m s o r c o d e s o r m is s in g in fo r m a tio n .

M A C H IN E B I L L E R
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
P r e p a r e s s ta te m e n ts , b ills , and in v o ic e s on a m a ch in e o th e r than an
o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a t ic t y p e w r it e r .
M a y a ls o k e e p r e c o r d s as to b illin g s
o r ship p ing c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l w o r k in c id e n ta l to b illin g
o p e r a tio n s .
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e b i l l e r s a re c la s s ifie d b y ty p e
o f m a c h in e , as f o llo w s :

B illin g - m a c h in e b i l l e r .
U s e s a s p e c ia l b illin g m a ch in e (c o m b in a tio n
ty p in g and adding m a c h in e ) to p r e p a r e b ills and in v o ic e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s '
p u rc h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , ship p ing m e m o r a n d a , etc.
U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a tio n o f p r e d e te r m in e d d is co u n ts and sh ip p in g c h a r g e s
and e n tr y o f n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y not be com p u ted on
th e b illin g m a c h in e , and to ta ls w h ich a r e a u to m a tic a lly a c c u m u la te d b y
m a c h in e .
T h e o p e r a tio n u s u a lly in v o lv e s a la r g e n u m b er o f c a r b o n c o p ie s
o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d and is o fte n done on a fa n fo ld m a c h in e .




O p e r a te s one o r a v a r i e t y o f m a c h in e s such as the ta b u la to r , c a lc u ­
la t o r , c o lla t o r , in t e r p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g punch, e tc .
E x c lu d e d fr o m
th is d e fin itio n a r e w o r k in g - s u p e r v is o r s .
A ls o e x c lu d e d a re o p e r a t o r s o f
e le c t r o n ic d ig it a l c o m p u te r s , e v e n though th ey m a y a ls o o p e r a te e l e c t r i c
ac c ou n tin g m a c h in e e q u ip m en t.
P o s it io n s
d e fin itio n s .

are

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e l s

on

the

b a s is o f th e fo llo w in g

C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s c o m p le t e r e p o r tin g and ta b u la tin g a s s ig n m e n ts
in c lu d in g d e v is in g d iffic u lt c o n t r o l p a n e l w ir in g u n der g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n .
A s s ig n m e n ts t y p ic a lly in v o lv e a v a r i e t y o f lo n g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ich
o fte n a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r in g , r e q u ir in g s o m e p lann ing o f th e n a tu re
and s e q u e n c in g o f o p e r a tio n s , and th e u se o f a v a r i e t y o f m a c h in e s .
Is

T A B U L A T IN G - M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R — C ontinued

T A B U L A T IN G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R --- C ontinued

ty p ic a lly in v o lv e d in tr a in in g n ew o p e r a to r s in m a c h in e o p e r a tio n s o r tr a in in g
lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a to r s in w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s and in th e o p e r a tin g se q u e n c e s
o f lon g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s not in c lu d e p o s itio n s in w h ich w ir in g
r e s p o n s ib ilit y is lim it e d to s e le c tio n and in s e r tio n o f p r e w ir e d b o a r d s .

th e ta b u la to r and c a lc u la t o r , in a d d ition to the s im p le r m a c h in e s u sed by
c la s s C o p e r a t o r s .
M a y be r e q u ir e d to do s om e w ir in g fr o m d ia g r a m s .
M a y t r a in n ew e m p lo y e e s in b a s ic m a c h in e o p e r a tio n s .

C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d in g to e s ta b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and
under s p e c ific in s tr u c tio n s .
A s s ig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e c o m p le te but r o u ­
tin e and r e c u r r in g r e p o r t s o r p a r ts o f la r g e r and m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p e ra te s m o r e d iffic u lt ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a ccou n tin g m a c h in e s such as

C la s s C . U n d er s p e c ific in s tr u c tio n s , o p e r a te s s im p le tab u la tin g
o r e l e c t r i c a l a ccou n tin g m a c h in e s such as the s o r t e r , in t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c in g
punch, c o lla t o r , e tc .
A s s ig n m e n ts t y p ic a lly in v o lv e p o rtio n s o f a w o rk unit,
f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r tin g o r c o lla t in g ru n s, o r r e p e t it iv e o p e r a tio n s .
M a y p e r fo r m
s im p le w ir in g fr o m d ia g r a m s , and do som e f ilin g w o rk .

Professional and Technical
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U S IN E S S

C O M PU TE R SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T ,

A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b le m s to fo r m u la te p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g
th e m b y use o f e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g equ ip m en t.
D e v e lo p s a c o m p le te
d e s c r ip tio n o f a l l s p e c ific a tio n s n e e d e d to en a b le p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u ir e d d ig it a l c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
A n a ly z e s s u b je c t - m a t te r o p e r a tio n s to be au tom ated and id e n tifie s c o n d itio n s
and c r i t e r i a r e q u ir e d to a c h ie v e s a t is fa c t o r y r e s u lt s ; s p e c ifie s n u m b er and
ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d ocu m en ts to be u sed ; o u tlin e s a c tio n s to be
p e r fo r m e d by p e rs o n n e l and c o m p u te rs in s u ffic ie n t d e ta il fo r p re s e n ta tio n
to m a n a g e m e n t and fo r p r o g r a m m in g (t y p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p r e p a r a tio n o f
w o r k and data f lo w c h a r ts ); c o o rd in a te s the d e v e lo p m e n t o f te s t p r o b le m s and
p a r tic ip a te s in t r i a l runs o f n ew and r e v is e d s y s te m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s e q u ip ­
m en t ch an ges to ob ta in m o r e e f fe c t iv e o v e r a ll o p e r a tio n s .
(N O T E :
W o rk ers
p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g should be c la s s ifie d as
s y s te m s a n a ly s ts i f th is is th e s k ill u sed to d e te r m in e th e ir p a y .)

d e v e lo p s s y s te m s f o r m a in ta in in g d e p o s ito r accou n ts in a bank, m a in ta in in g
accou n ts r e c e iv a b le in a r e t a i l e s ta b lis h m e n t, o r m a in ta in in g in v e n to r y
accou n ts in a m a n u fa c tu rin g o r w h o le s a le e s ta b lis h m e n t.)
C o n fe r s w ith p e r ­
sons c o n c e r n e d to d e te r m in e the data p r o c e s s in g p ro b le m s and a d v is e s
s u b je c t - m a t te r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a t io n s o f the data p r o c e s s in g s y s te m s
to be a p p lie d .

D o e s n ot in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le f o r the m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e rv is io n o f o th e r e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r s y s ­
te m s a n a ly s ts p r i m a r i l y c o n c e rn e d w ith s c ie n tific o r e n g in e e rin g p r o b le m s .
F o r w a g e study p u rp o s e s , s y s te m s a n a ly s ts a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :
C la s s A .
W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r under o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s in v o lv in g a l l p h a ses o f s y s te m a n a ly s is .
P r o b le m s a r e
c o m p le x b e ca u s e o f d iv e r s e s o u r c e s o f input data and m u ltip le -u s e r e q u ir e ­
m en ts o f output d ata.
( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in te g r a te d p ro d u c tio n s c h e d ­
u lin g , in v e n t o r y c o n tr o l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in w h ich
e v e r y ite m o f e a c h ty p e is a u to m a tic a lly p r o c e s s e d th rou gh the fu ll s y s te m
o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r ia te fo llo w u p a c tio n s a r e in itia te d by th e c o m p u te r .)
C o n fe r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e te r m in e the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s
and a d v is e s s u b je c t - m a t te r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a t io n s o f n ew o r r e v is e d
s y s te m s o f data p r o c e s s in g o p e r a tio n s .
M a k e s r e c o m m e n d a tio n s , i f n e e d e d ,
f o r a p p ro v a l o f m a jo r s y s te m s in s ta lla tio n s o r c h an ges and fo r o b ta in in g
equ ip m en t.
M a y p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l
who a r e a s s ig n e d to a s s is t.

d ir e c tio n

to

lo w e r

l e v e l s y s te m s a n a ly s ts

C la s s B .
W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r under o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
p r o b le m s that a r e r e l a t iv e ly u n c o m p lic a te d to a n a ly z e , plan, p r o g r a m , and
o p e r a te .
P r o b le m s a r e o f lim it e d c o m p le x ity b e ca u s e s o u r c e s o f input data
a r e h o m o ge n eo u s and the output data a r e c lo s e ly r e la te d .
( F o r e x a m p le ,




B U SIN E SS— C ontinued

OR
W o rk s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s in g sc h e m e o r s y s te m ,
as d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A .
W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly on rou tin e a s s ig n m e n ts and
r e c e iv e s in s tr u c tio n and gu id an ce on c o m p le x a s s ig n m e n ts .
W o rk is r e v ie w e d
f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t, c o m p lia n c e w ith in s tr u c tio n s , and to in s u re p r o p e r
a lig n m e n t w ith th e o v e r a l l s y s te m .
C la s s C .
W o rk s u n der im m e d ia te s u p e rv is io n , c a r r y in g out a n a ly ­
s e s as a s s ig n e d , u s u a lly o f a s in g le a c tiv ity .
A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d e s ig n e d to
d e v e lo p and expan d p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e in the a p p lic a tio n o f p r o c e d u r e s and
s k ills r e q u ir e d f o r s y s te m s a n a ly s is w o r k .
F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s is t a h ig h e r
l e v e l s y s te m s a n a ly s t by p r e p a r in g th e d e ta ile d s p e c ific a tio n s r e q u ir e d by
p ro g ra m m e rs fro m
in fo r m a tio n d e v e lo p e d by the h ig h e r l e v e l a n a ly s t.
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B U SIN E S S
C o n v e r ts s ta te m e n ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b le m s , ty p ic a lly p r e p a r e d by a
s y s te m s a n a ly s t, in to a sequ en ce o f d e ta ile d in s tr u c tio n s w h ich a r e r e q u ir e d
to s o lv e the p r o b le m s by au tom a tic data p r o c e s s in g equ ip m en t.
W o rk in g fr o m
c h a r ts o r d ia g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s th e p r e c is e in s tr u c tio n s w h ich ,
w hen e n te r e d in to th e c o m p u te r s y s te m in c o d e d la n gu a ge, cau se the m a n ip u ­
la tio n o f data to a c h ie v e d e s ir e d r e s u lt s . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
A p p lie s k n o w le d g e o f c o m p u te r c a p a b ilitie s , m a th e m a tic s , lo g ic e m p lo y e d by
c o m p u te rs , and p a r tic u la r su b je ct m a tte r in v o lv e d to a n a ly z e c h a r ts and
d ia g r a m s o f the p r o b le m to be p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s sequ en ce o f p r o g r a m
s te p s ; w r it e s d e ta ile d flo w c h a r ts to show o r d e r in w h ich data w i l l be
p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r ts th e s e c h a rts to c od ed in s tr u c tio n s fo r m a ch in e to fo llo w ;
te s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s tr u c tio n s f o r o p e ra tin g p e r s o n n e l
d u rin g p ro d u c tio n run; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lt e r s p r o g r a m s to in c r e a s e
o p e r a tin g e f f ic ie n c y o r adapt to n ew r e q u ir e m e n ts ; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t and r e v is io n s .
(N O T E :
W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g both
s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g should be c la s s ifie d as s y s te m s a n a ly s ts
i f th is is the s k ill u sed to d e te r m in e t h e ir p a y .)

21

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B U S IN E S S — C ontinued

CO M PUTER OPERATO R

D o e s not in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le f o r the m a n a g e ­
m en t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o th e r e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o ­
g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n tific an d / o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b le m s .

M o n ito r s and o p e r a te s th e c o n t r o l c o n s o le o f a d ig it a l c o m p u te r to
p r o c e s s d ata a c c o r d in g to o p e r a tin g in s tr u c tio n s , u s u a lly p r e p a r e d b y a p r o ­
gra m m er.
W o rk in c lu d e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : Stu d ies in s tr u c tio n s to
d e te r m in e e q u ip m en t setup and o p e r a tio n s ; lo a d s eq u ip m en t w ith r e q u ir e d
it e m s (ta p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c .); s w itc h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia r y e q u ip m en t into
c ir c u it , and s ta r ts and o p e r a te s c o m p u te r; m a k e s a d ju stm en ts to c o m p u te r to
c o r r e c t o p e r a tin g p r o b le m s and m e e t s p e c ia l c o n d itio n s ; r e v ie w s e r r o r s m ad e
d u rin g o p e r a tio n and .d e te r m in e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b le m to s u p e r v is o r o r
p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a in ta in s o p e r a tin g r e c o r d s .
M a y t e s t and a s s is t in
c o r r e c t in g p r o g r a m .

For

w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

p r o g r a m m e r s a r e c la s s ifie d as f o llo w s :

C la s s A . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n der o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s w h ich r e q u ir e c o m p e te n c e in a ll p h a ses o f p r o g r a m m in g
c o n c e p ts and p r a c t ic e s .
W o rk in g f r o m d ia g r a m s and c h a rts w h ich id e n tify
th e n a tu re o f d e s ir e d r e s u lt s , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g s te p s to b e a c c o m p lis h e d ,
and th e r e la tio n s h ip s b e tw e e n v a r io u s step s o f th e p r o b le m s o lv in g ro u tin e ;
p lan s th e fu ll ra n g e o f p r o g r a m m in g a c tio n s n e e d e d to e f fic ie n t ly u t iliz e the
c o m p u te r s y s te m in a c h ie v in g d e s ir e d end p ro d u c ts .

A t th is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m in g is d iffic u lt b e c a u s e c o m p u te r eq u ip m en t
m u s t be o r g a n iz e d to p ro d u c e s e v e r a l in t e r r e la t e d but d iv e r s e p ro d u c ts f r o m
n u m e ro u s and d iv e r s e data e le m e n t s .
A w id e v a r ie t y and e x te n s iv e n u m b er
o f in t e r n a l p r o c e s s in g a c tio n s m u st o c c u r .
T h is r e q u ir e s such a c tio n s as
d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a tio n s w h ich can be r e u s e d , e s ta b lis h m e n t o f
lin k a g e p o in ts b e tw e e n o p e r a tio n s , ad ju s tm e n ts to d ata w hen p r o g r a m r e q u ir e ­
m en ts e x c e e d c o m p u te r s to r a g e c a p a c ity , and su b s ta n tia l m a n ip u la tio n and
r e s e q u e n c in g o f data e le m e n ts to fo r m a h ig h ly in te g r a te d p r o g r a m .

M a y p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l d ir e c t io n to lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s who a r e
a s s ig n e d to a s s is t .

C la s s B .
W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r under o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
r e l a t i v e l y s im p le p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le s e g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n ts ) u s u a lly p r o c e s s in fo r m a tio n to p ro d u c e d ata in tw o
o r th r e e v a r ie d s e q u e n c e s o r fo r m a t s .
R e p o r t s and lis t in g s a r e p ro d u c ed by
r e fin in g , a d ap tin g, a r r a y in g , o r m a k in g m in o r a d d itio n s to o r d e le tio n s fr o m
input data w h ich a r e r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m erou s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the d ata h a ve b e en r e fin e d in p r io r a c tio n s so that th e a c c u r a c y
and s e q u e n c in g o f data can b e te s te d b y u sin g a fe w ro u tin e c h e c k s . T y p ic a lly ,
the p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith ro u tin e r e c o r d k e e p in g o p e r a tio n s .
OR
W o rk s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A ) under c lo s e
d ir e c t io n o f a h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s is t h ig h e r
l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r b y in d e p e n d e n tly p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d ,
and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d if fic u lt ta s k s u n der f a i r l y c lo s e d ir e c tio n .
M a y gu id e o r in s tr u c t lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s C .
M a k e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t ic e s
and c o n c e p ts u s u a lly le a r n e d in f o r m a l tr a in ih g c o u r s e s .
A s s ig n m e n ts a r e
d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e te n c e in th e a p p lic a tio n o f stan d a rd p r o c e d u r e s to
ro u tin e p r o b le m s . R e c e iv e s c lo s e s u p e r v is io n on n ew a s p e c ts o f a s s ig n m e n ts ;
and w o r k is r e v ie w e d to v e r i f y its a c c u r a c y and c o n fo rm a n c e w ith r e q u ir e d
p ro ced u res.




For

w age

study

p u rp oses,

c o m p u te r

o p e ra to rs

are

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :
C la s s A . O p e r a te s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n der o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n ,
a c o m p u te r runn ing p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s :
N e w p r o g r a m s a r e fr e q u e n tly te s te d and in tro d u c e d ; s c h e d u lin g r e q u ir e m e n ts
a r e o f c r i t i c a l im p o r ta n c e to m in im iz e d o w n tim e ; th e p r o g r a m s a r e o f
c o m p le x d e s ig n so th at id e n tific a tio n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o fte n r e q u ir e s a w o rk in g
k n o w le d g e o f the t o t a l p r o g r a m , and a lte r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y not be a v a ila b le .
M a y g iv e d ir e c t io n and gu id a n ce to l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B . O p e r a te s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n der o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n ,
a c o m p u te r ru nn ing p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s :
M o s t o f th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s ta b lis h e d p ro d u c tio n ru n s , t y p i c a l l y run on a
r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; th e r e is l i t t l e o r no te s tin g o f n e w p r o g r a m s
r e q u ir e d ; a lte r n a te p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v id e d in c a s e o r ig in a l p r o g r a m n eed s
m a jo r ch an ge o r cann ot be c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b ly s h o rt t im e .
In
c o m m o n e r r o r s itu a tio n s , d ia g n o s e s c a u s e and ta k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c tio n .
T h is
u s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p ly in g p r e v io u s ly p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e s te p s , o r u sin g
sta n d a rd c o r r e c t io n te c h n iq u e s .
OR
O p e r a te s u n d er d i r e c t s u p e r v is io n a c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s o r
s e g m e n ts o f p r o g r a m s w ith th e c h a r a c t e r is t ic s d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A .
M ay
a s s is t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r by in d e p e n d e n tly p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta s k s
a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt ta s k s fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tr u c tio n s and
w ith fre q u e n t r e v ie w o f o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d .

e x p e c te d
a b ilit y to
r e c e iv e d
o p e ra to r

C la s s C .
W o rk s on ro u tin e p r o g r a m s u n d er c lo s e s u p e r v is io n .
Is
to d e v e lo p w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f th e c o m p u te r e q u ip m en t u sed and
d e te c t p r o b le m s in v o lv e d in runn ing ro u tin e p r o g r a m s .
U s u a lly has
s o m e f o r m a l tr a in in g in c o m p u te r o p e r a tio n . M a y a s s is t h ig h e r l e v e l
on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .

D RAFTER
C la s s A .
P la n s th e g ra p h ic p r e s e n ta tio n o f c o m p le x it e m s h a vin g
d is t in c t iv e d e s ig n fe a tu r e s th at d i f f e r s ig n ific a n t ly f r o m e s ta b lis h e d d r a ft in g
p r e c e d e n ts .
W o rk s in c lo s e s u p p ort w ith th e d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r , and m a y
r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s . A n a ly z e s th e e f fe c t o f each ch an ge on th e
d e ta ils o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , and p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s o f com p on en ts and p a r ts .
W o rk s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is ta n c e .
C o m p le te d w o r k is
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r f o r c o n s is te n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r ­
m in a tio n s .
M a y e it h e r p r e p a r e d ra w in g s o r d ir e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a tio n b y lo w e r
l e v e l d r a ft e r s .

D R A F T E R — C ontinued

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — C ontinued

C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s n o n rou tin e and c o m p le x d r a ftin g a s s ig n m e n ts
th at r e q u ir e th e a p p lic a tio n o f m o s t o f the s ta n d a rd iz e d d ra w in g te c h n iq u e s
r e g u la r ly used .
D u tie s t y p ic a lly in v o lv e such w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w o rk in g
d ra w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith i r r e g u la r sh a p es, m u ltip le fu n c tio n s , and
p r e c is e p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n ts ; p r e p a r e s a r c h it e c t u r a l
d ra w in g s f o r c o n s tru c tio n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a il d ra w in g s o f fo u n ­
d a tio n s , w a ll s e c tio n s , f l o o r p la n s , and r o o f.
U s e s a c c e p te d fo r m u la s and
m an u a ls in m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y com p u ta tio n s to d e te r m in e q u a n titie s o f
m a t e r ia ls to be u s e d , lo a d c a p a c it ie s , s tre n g th s , s t r e s s e s , e tc .
R e c e iv e s
in it ia l in s tr u c tio n s , r e q u ir e m e n t s , and a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le te d
w o r k is c h e c k ed f o r t e c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .

C la s s C .
P r e p a r e s d e t a il d ra w in g s o f s in g le units o r p a r ts f o r
e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tr u c tio n , m a n u fa c tu rin g , o r r e p a ir p u r p o s e s .
Types of
d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e is o m e t r ic p r o je c t io n s (d e p ic tin g th r e e d im e n s io n s
in a c c u r a te s c a le ) and s e c t io n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s itio n in g o f co m p o n e n ts
and c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a tio n .
C o n s o lid a te s d e ta ils fr o m a n u m b e r o f
s o u r c e s and ad ju s ts o r tr a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ir e d .
S u gg e sted m eth o d s o f
a p p ro a c h , a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n ts , and a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r ia ls a r e g iv e n
w ith in it ia l a s s ig n m e n ts .
In s tr u c tio n s a r e le s s c o m p le te w hen a s s ig n m e n ts
recu r.
W o rk m a y be s p o t-c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

T h is c la s s ific a t io n e x c lu d e s r e p a i r e r s o f such stan dard e le c t r o n ic
e q u ip m en t as c o m m o n o f f ic e m a c h in e s and h ou seh old r a d io and t e le v is io n
s e ts ; p ro d u c tio n a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y duty is
s e r v ic in g e le c t r o n ic t e s t in s tr u m e n ts ; te c h n ic ia n s w ho h ave a d m in is tr a tiv e
o r s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y ; and d r a ft e r s , d e s ig n e r s , and p r o fe s s io n a l
e n g in e e r s .
P o s it io n s
d e fin itio n s .

a re

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e l s

on the

b a s is o f th e fo llo w in g

C la s s A . A p p lie s ad v a n c e d te c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e u n u su ally
c o m p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e . , th o s e th at t y p ic a lly cannot be s o lv e d s o le ly by r e f e r ­
en ce to m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m an u a ls o r s im ila r d o c u m e n ts ) in w o rk in g on e l e c ­
tr o n ic e q u ip m en t.
E x a m p le s o f such p r o b le m s in c lu d e lo c a tio n and d e n s ity o f
c ir c u it r y , e le c t r o m a g n e t ic r a d ia tio n , is o la t in g m a lfu n c tio n s , and fre q u e n t
e n g in e e r in g c h a n g e s .
W o rk in v o lv e s :
A d e ta ile d u n d erstan d in g o f th e i n t e r ­
r e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s ; e x e r c is in g in d ep en d en t ju d g m e n t in p e r fo r m in g such
ta s k s as m a k in g c ir c u it a n a ly s e s , c a lc u la tin g w a v e fo r m s , tr a c in g r e la t io n ­
s h ip s in s ig n a l flo w ; and r e g u la r ly u sin g c o m p le x t e s t in s tru m e n ts (e . g . , du al
t r a c e o s c illo s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia tio n m e t e r s , p u ls e g e n e r a t o r s ).

W o rk m a y be r e v ie w e d b y s u p e r v is o r (fr e q u e n tly an e n g in e e r o r
d e s ig n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d p r a c t ic e s .
M a y p r o v id e
t e c h n ic a l gu id a n ce to lo w e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s .

D R A F T E R -T R A C E R

C o p ie s p lan s and d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o th e rs b y p la c in g t r a c in g
c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r d ra w in g s and t r a c in g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
(D o e s not
in c lu d e t r a c in g lim it e d to p lan s p r im a r ily c o n s is tin g o f s tr a ig h t lin e s and a
la r g e s c a le not r e q u ir in g c lo s e d e lin e a tio n .)
AND /O R
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e t it iv e d ra w in g s o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d it e m s .
W o rk is c l o s e l y s u p e r v is e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

C la s s B . A p p lie s c o m p r e h e n s iv e te c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e c o m ­
p le x p r o b le m s [ i . e . , th o s e th at t y p ic a lly can be s o lv e d s o le ly b y p r o p e r ly
in t e r p r e t in g m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m an u a ls o r s im ila r d o c u m e n ts ) in w o rk in g on
e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s :
A f a m i l ia r i t y w ith the i n t e r r e la t io n ­
sh ip s o f c ir c u it s ; and ju d g m e n t in d e te r m in in g w o r k sequ en ce and in s e le c tin g
t o o ls and te s tin g in s tr u m e n ts , u s u a lly le s s c o m p le x than th o s e u sed b y the
c la s s A te c h n ic ia n .
R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l g u id a n c e , as r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l te c h n ic ia n , and w o r k is r e v ie w e d f o r s p e c ific c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d
p r a c t ic e s and w o r k a s s ig n m e n ts .
M a y p r o v id e te c h n ic a l gu id an ce to lo w e r
l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s .

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N IC IA N

W o rk s on v a r io u s ty p e s o f e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m en t and r e la t e d d e v ic e s
b y p e r fo r m in g one o r a c o m b in a tio n o f th e fo llo w in g :
In s ta llin g , m a in ta in in g ,
r e p a ir in g , o v e r h a u lin g , tr o u b le s h o o tin g , m o d ify in g , c o n s tru c tin g , and t e s tin g .
W o rk r e q u ir e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a tio n o f t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e o f e le c t r o n ic s
p r in c ip le s , a b ilit y to d e te r m in e m a lfu n c tio n s , and s k ill to put e q u ip m en t in
r e q u ir e d o p e r a tin g c o n d itio n .

T h e e q u ip m e n t— c o n s is tin g o f e it h e r m a n y d iffe r e n t k in d s o f c ir c u it s
o r m u ltip le r e p e t it io n o f th e s a m e kind o f c ir c u it — in c lu d e s , but is not lim it e d
to , th e fo llo w in g :
(a ) E le c t r o n ic tr a n s m ittin g and r e c e iv in g e q u ip m en t (e . g . ,
r a d a r , r a d io , t e l e v i s i o n , te le p h o n e , s o n a r, n a v ig a tio n a l a id s ), (b ) d ig it a l and
a n a lo g c o m p u te r s , and (c ) in d u s t r ia l and m e d ic a l m e a s u r in g and c o n tr o llin g
e q u ip m en t.




C la s s C . A p p lie s w o r k in g t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to p e r f o r m s im p le o r
ro u tin e ta s k s in w o r k in g on e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m en t, fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tr u c ­
tio n s w h ich c o v e r v ir t u a lly a l l p r o c e d u r e s .
W o rk t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s such
ta s k s a s : A s s is t in g h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s b y p e r fo r m in g such a c t iv it ie s as
r e p la c in g c o m p o n e n ts , w ir in g c ir c u it s , and ta k in g te s t r e a d in g s ; r e p a ir in g
s im p le e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m en t; and u s in g to o ls and c o m m o n te s t in s tr u m e n ts
( e . g . , m u lt im e t e r s , au dio s ig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tube t e s t e r s , o s c illo s c o p e s ).
Is not r e q u ir e d to b e f a m ilia r w ith th e in t e r r e la t io n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s .
T h is
k n o w le d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y b e a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a s s ig n m e n ts d e s ig n e d to
in c r e a s e c o m p e te n c e (in c lu d in g c la s s r o o m t r a in in g ) so that w o r k e r can
a d v a n c e to h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n .
R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l g u id a n c e , as r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l te c h n ic ia n .
W o rk is t y p i c a l l y spot c h e c k e d , but is g iv e n d e ta ile d r e v ie w
w h en n e w o r a d v a n c e d a s s ig n m e n ts a r e in v o lv e d .

R E G IS T E R E D I N D U S T R I A L N U R S E

R E G IS T E R E D I N D U S T R I A L N U R S E — C ontinu ed

A r e g i s t e r e d n u rs e w ho g iv e s n u rs in g s e r v ic e u n der g e n e r a l m e d ic a l
d ir e c t io n to i l l o r in ju r e d e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r
s u ffe r am a c c id e n t on th e p r e m is e s o f a f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
D u ties in v o lv e at c o m b in a tio n o f th e fo llo w in g : G iv in g firis t a id to th e i l l o r
in ju r e d ; a tten d in g to su b seq u en t d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k e e p in g
r e c o r d s o f p a tie n ts tr e a t e d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a tio n o r

o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s is tin g in p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s and h e a lth e v a lu a tio n s o f
a p p lic a n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and p lan n in g and c a r r y in g out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g
h e a lth e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n tio n , e v a lu a tio n o f plan t e n v ir o n m e n t, o r
o th e r a c t iv it ie s a ffe c t in g the h e a lth , w e l f a r e , and s a fe ty o f a l l p e r s o n n e l.
N u r s in g s u p e r v is o r s o r head n u rs e s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than
on e n u rs e a r e e x c lu d e d .

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant
M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R

M A I N T E N A N C E M A C H IN IS T

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u tie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s tru c t arid m a in ta in
in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g w o o d w o r k and e qu ip m en t such as b in s , c r ib s , c o u n te rs ,
b e n c h e s , p a r titio n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a ir s , c a s in g s , and t r im m a d e o f w o od
in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
P la n n in g and
la y in g out o f w o r k fr o m b lu e p r in ts , d ra w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tr u c tio n s ;
u sin g a v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d to o ls , p o r ta b le p o w e r t o o ls , and sta n d a rd
m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; m a k in g sta n d a rd shop com p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n ­
s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e le c t in g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y f o r th e w o r k .
In g e n e r a l,
th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n te r r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r i ­
e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .

P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r ts and n e w p a r ts in m a k in g r e p a ir s o f
m e t a l p a r ts o f m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m en t o p e r a te d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk
in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w i n g : In te r p r e tin g w r itte n in s tr u c tio n s and s p e c i­
fic a t io n s ; p lan n in g and la y in g out o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a c h in is t's
h a n d too ls and p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a tin g
sta n d a rd m a c h in e t o o ls ; shapin g o f m e t a l p a r ts to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; m a k in g
sta n d a rd shop c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , to o lin g , fe e d s ,
and s p ee d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f the w o r k in g p r o p e r t ie s o f th e c o m m o n
m e t a ls ; s e le c tin g sta n d a rd m a t e r ia ls , p a r ts , and e q u ip m en t r e q u ir e d f o r th is
w o r k ; and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a r ts in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m en t. In g e n e r a l,
th e m a c h in is t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rou n ded tr a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p
p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R IC IA N
M A I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M a c h in e r y )
P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l tr a d e fu n c tio n s such as th e in s t a l­
la tio n , m a in te n a n c e , o r r e p a ir o f e q u ip m en t f o r th e g e n e r a tio n , d is tr ib u tio n ,
o r u tiliz a t io n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e f o llo w in g ; In s ta llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip ­
m e n t such as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w itc h b o a rd s , c o n t r o lle r s , c ir c u it
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n its , con du it s y s te m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m is s io n
e q u ip m en t; w o r k in g f r o m b lu e p rin ts , d r a w in g s , la y o u ts , o r o th e r s p e c if i­
c a tio n s ; lo c a t in g and d ia g n o s in g tr o u b le in th e e l e c t r i c a l s y s te m o r e q u ip ­
m e n t; w o r k in g sta n d a rd c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n ts o f w ir in g
o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m en t; and u sin g a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r ic ia n 's h a n d too ls and
m e a s u r in g and te s tin g in s tr u m e n ts .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e
e le c t r i c i a n r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh
a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E P A IN T E R

P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w o o d w o r k , and fix tu r e s o f an e s ta b ­
lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s th e f o llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r fa c e p e c u lia r it ie s
and ty p e s o f p ain t r e q u ir e d f o r d iffe r e n t a p p lic a tio n s ; p r e p a r in g s u r fa c e f o r
p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p la c in g putty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o le s and
i n t e r s t ic e s ; and a p p ly in g p ain t w ith s p ra y gun o r b ru sh .
M a y m ix c o lo r s ,
o i l s , w h ite le a d , and o th e r p ain t in g r e d ie n t s to ob tain p r o p e r c o lo r o r
c o n s is te n c y . In 'g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p a in te r r e q u ir e s rou n ded
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .




R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m en t o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l
e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d is m a n tlin g o r p a r t ly d is m a n tlin g
m a c h in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s th at m a in ly in v o lv e th e u se o f h a n d too ls in
s c r a p in g and fit t in g p a r ts ; r e p la c in g b ro k e n o r d e fe c t iv e p a rts w ith ite m s
o b ta in e d f r o m s to c k ; o r d e r in g the p ro d u c tio n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a
m a c h in e shop o r s e n d in g the, m a c h in e to a m a c h in e shop f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s ;
p r e p a r in g w r it t e n s p e c ific a tio n s f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r f o r the p ro d u c tio n o f
p a r ts o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e sh ops; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m a k in g a ll
n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts f o r o p e r a tio n .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f a m a c h in e r y
m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly
a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i ­
ence.
E x c lu d e d f r o m th is c la s s ific a t io n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y d u ties
in v o lv e s e ttin g up o r a d ju s tin g m a c h in e s .
M A I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M o t o r V e h ic le s )
R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o to r tr u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s ta b ­
lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ; E x a m in in g a u to m o tiv e e q u ip ­
m en t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g eq u ip m en t and p e r fo r m in g
r e p a ir s th at in v o lv e th e u se o f such h a n d too ls as w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r i l l s ,
o r s p e c ia liz e d e q u ip m en t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a r ts ; R ep la cin g b ro k e n
o r d e fe c t iv e p a r ts fr o m s to c k ; g r in d in g and a d ju s tin g v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and
in s t a llin g th e v a r io u s a s s e m b lie s in th e v e h ic le and m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t­
m e n ts ; and a lig n in g w h e e ls , a d ju s tin g b r a k e s and lig h ts , o r tig h te n in g b od y
b o lts .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m o to r v e h ic le m a in ten a n ce m e c h a n ic
r e q u ir e s rou n d ed t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l
a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M o t o r V e h ic le s )— C on tin u ed

M A I N T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R — C ontinu ed

T h is c la s s ific a t io n d o e s not in c lu d e m e c h a n ic s w ho r e p a ir c u s to m e r s '
v e h ic le s in a u to m o b ile r e p a ir sh ops.

the h e lp e r is p e r m itte d to p e r f o r m v a r ie s f r o m tra d e to tr a d e :
In s o m e
tr a d e s the h e lp e r is c o n fin e d to s u p p lyin g, lift in g , and h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls and
to o ls , and c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; and in o th e rs he is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m
s p e c ia liz e d m a c h in e o p e r a tio n s , o r p a r ts o f a tr a d e that a r e a ls o p e r fo r m e d
b y w o r k e r s on a f u ll- t im e b a s is .

M A IN T E N A N C E P I P E F I T T E R
In s ta lls o r r e p a ir s w a t e r , s te a m , g a s , o r o th e r ty p e s o f p ip e and
p ip e fittin g s In an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : L a y in g
out w o rk and m e a s u r in g to lo c a t e p o s itio n o f p ip e f r o m d ra w in g s o r o th e r
w r itte n s p e c ific a tio n s ; c u ttin g v a r io u s s iz e s o f p ip e to c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith
c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e to r c h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a c h in e s ; th re a d in g
p ip e w ith s to c k s and d ie s ; ben d in g p ip e b y h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n
m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s and fa s te n in g p ip e to h a n g e r s ;
m a k in g sta n d a rd shop c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f
p ip e r e q u ir e d ; and m a k in g sta n d a rd t e s ts to d e te r m in e w h e th e r fin is h e d p ip e s
m e e t s p e c ific a tio n s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e p ip e f it t e r
r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a f o r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
W o rk e rs p r im a r ily
e n g a g e d in in s ta llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g s a n ita tio n o r h e a tin g s y s te m s
a r e e x c lu d e d .
M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R
F a b r ic a t e s , in s t a lls , and m a in ta in s in g ood r e p a ir the s h e e t- m e t a l
e q u ip m e n t and fix t u r e s (su ch as m a c h in e g u a rd s , g r e a s e p ans, s h e lv e s ,
lo c k e r s , tan ks, v e n t ila t o r s , ch u tes, d u cts, m e t a l r o o fin g ) o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : P la n n in g and la y in g out a ll ty p es o f
s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o rk f r o m b lu e p rin ts , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c i f i ­
c a tio n s ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a tin g a ll a v a ila b le ty p e s o f s h e e t- m e t a l w o rk in g
m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d too ls in c u ttin g, b en d in g, fo r m in g , shaping,
fittin g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s ta llin g s h e e t- m e t a l a r t ic le s as r e q u ir e d .
In
g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e s h e e t- m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s rounded
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A C H IN E - T O O L O P E R A T O R (T O O L R O O M )
S p e c ia liz e s in o p e r a tin g one o r m o r e than one typ e o f m a c h in e
t o o l (e . g . , j i g b o r e r , g rin d in g m a c h in e , en g in e la th e , m illin g m a c h in e ) to
m a c h in e m e t a l f o r u se in m a k in g o r m a in ta in in g j i g s , fix tu r e s , cu ttin g to o ls ,
g a u g e s , o r m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s u s e d in shaping o r fo r tiiin g m e t a l o r
n o n m e ta llic m a t e r ia l (e . g . , p la s t ic , p la s t e r , ru b b e r, g la s s ).
W o rk t y p ic a lly
in v o lv e s :
P la n n in g and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m a c h in in g o p e r a tio n s w h ich
r e q u ir e c o m p lic a te d setups o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; s e ttin g up m a c h in e
t o o l o r to o ls (e . g . , in s t a ll cu ttin g to o ls and ad ju st g u id es , stop s, w o rk in g
ta b le s , and o th e r c o n tr o ls to h a n d le the s iz e o f stock to be m a c h in e d ;
d e te r m in e p r o p e r fe e d s , s p ee d s , to o lin g , and o p e r a tio n sequ en ce o r s e le c t
th o s e p r e s c r ib e d in d ra w in g s , b lu e p rin ts , o r la y o u ts ); u sin g a v a r i e t y o f
p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm en ts d u rin g
m a c h in in g o p e r a tio n to a c h ie v e r e q u is ite d im e n s io n s to v e r y c lo s e t o le r a n c e s .
M a y be r e q u ir e d to s e le c t p r o p e r c o o la n ts and cu ttin g and lu b r ic a tin g o ils ,
to r e c o g n iz e w hen to o ls n eed d r e s s in g , and to d r e s s to o ls .
In g e n e r a l, the
w o r k o f a m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a to r (t o o lr o o m ) at the s k ill l e v e l c a lle d f o r in
th is c la s s ific a t io n r e q u ir e s e x te n s iv e k n o w le d g e o f m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o l ­
r o o m p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh c o n s id e r a b le o n - th e - jo b tr a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , th is c la s s ific a t io n d oes n ot
in c lu d e m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a to r s (t o o lr o o m ) e m p lo y e d in to o l and d ie job b in g
shops.

M IL L W R IG H T

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R

I n s ta lls n e w m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m en t, and d is m a n tle s and
in s t a lls m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m en t w h en ch an ges in the p la n t la y o u t a r e
r e q u ir e d .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g ;
P la n n in g and la y in g out
w o r k ; in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p rin ts o r o th e r s p e c ific a tio n s ; u s in g a v a r ie t y o f h a n d to o ls and r ig g in g ; m a k in g s tan d a rd shop com p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to s t r e s s e s ,
s tr e n g th o f m a t e r ia ls , and c e n te r s o f g r a v it y ; a lig n in g and b a la n c in g e q u ip ­
m e n t; s e le c tin g sta n d a rd to o ls , e q u ip m en t, and p a r ts to be u sed ; and in s ta llin g
and m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r tr a n s m is s io n e q u ip m en t such as d r iv e s
and s p eed r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a
rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in the tr a d e a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l
a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

C o n s tr u c ts and r e p a ir s ji g s , fix tu r e s , cu ttin g to o ls , g a u g es , o r
m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s u s e d in shaping o r fo r m in g m e t a l o r n o n m e ta llic
m a t e r ia l (e . g . , p la s tic , p la s t e r , ru b b e r, g la s s ).
W o r k t y p ic a lly in v o l v e s :
P la n n in g and la y in g out w o r k a c c o r d in g to m o d e ls , b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s , o r
o th e r w r itte n o r o r a l s p e c ific a t io n s ; u n d ersta n d in g the w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s o f
c o m m o n m e t a ls and a llo y s ; s e le c tin g a p p r o p r ia te m a t e r ia ls , to o ls , and
p r o c e s s e s r e q u ir e d to c o m p le te ta s k ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y shop c o m p u ta tio n s ;
s e ttin g up and o p e r a tin g v a r io u s m a c h in e to o ls and r e la te d equ ip m en t; u sin g
v a r io u s t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's h a n d too ls and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ;
w o r k in g to v e r y c lo s e to le r a n c e s ; h e a t - tr e a t in g m e t a l p a rts and fin is h e d to o ls
and d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a litie s ; fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a rts to p r e ­
s c r ib e d t o le r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l, the to o l and d ie m a k e r 's
w o r k r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and to o lr o o m p r a c t ic e
u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R
A s s i s t s on e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m a in te n a n c e tr a d e s , b y
p e r fo r m in g s p e c if ic o r g e n e r a l d u tie s o f l e s s e r s k ill, such as k e e p in g a
w o r k e r s u p p lied w ith m a t e r ia ls and t o o ls ; c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e ,
and eq u ip m en t; a s s is t in g jo u rn e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls o r to o ls ; and p e r ­
fo r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d ta s k s as d ir e c t e d b y jo u rn e y m a n . T h e kind o f w o rk




F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , th is c la s s ific a t io n d oes n ot
in c lu d e to o l and d ie m a k e r s w ho (1 ) a r e e m p lo y e d in to o l and d ie job b in g
shops o r (2 ) p ro d u c e fo r g in g d ie s (d ie s in k e r s ).

S T A T I O N A R Y E N G IN E E R

S T A T I O N A R Y E N G IN E E R — C ontinu ed

O p e r a t e s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e th e o p e r a tio n o f
s ta tio n a r y e n g in e s and e q u ip m en t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to su p p ly the
e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , h e a t, r e f r ig e r a t io n , o r a i r c o n d itio n in g . W o r k in v o lv e s :
O p e ra tin g and m a in ta in in g e q u ip m en t such as
s te a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o to r s , tu rb in e s , v e n tila tin g
and r e f r i g e r a t i n g e q u ip m en t,
s te a m b o ile r s and b o ile r - f e d w a t e r p u m ps;
m a k in g e q u ip m en t r e p a ir s ; and k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a tio n o f m a c h in e r y ,
te m p e r a tu r e , and fu e l c o n su m p tio n .
M a y a ls o s u p e r v is e th es e o p e r a tio n s .

H ead o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s
a r e e x c lu d e d .

in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one e n g in e e r

B O IL E R T E N D E R
F i r e s s ta tio n a r y b o ile r s to fu rn is h the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich
e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t, p o w e r , o r s te a m .
F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e
b y hand o r
o p e r a te s a m e c h a n ic a l s to k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u rn e r; and ch eck s w a t e r and
s a fe ty v a lv e s . M a y c le a n , o il, o r a s s is t in r e p a ir in g b o ile r r o o m e q u ip m en t.

Material Movement and Custodial
T R U C K D R IV E R

W AREHOUSEM AN

D r iv e s a tru c k w ith in a c it y o r in d u s tr ia l a r e a to tr a n s p o r t m a t e ­
r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e , e q u ip m en t, o r w o r k e r s b e tw e e n v a r io u s ty p e s o f e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts such a s : M a n u fa c tu rin g p la n ts, f r e ig h t d e p o ts , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o le ­
s a le and r e t a i l e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l
e s ta b lis h m e n ts and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s . M a y a ls o lo a d o r un load tru c k w ith
o r w ith ou t h e lp e r s , m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a ir s , and k e e p tr u c k in good
w o r k in g o r d e r . S a le s r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e exc lu d e d .

A s d ir e c te d , p e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f w a r e h o u s in g d u ties w h ich r e q u ir e
an u n d e rs ta n d in g o f the e s ta b lis h m e n t's s to r a g e p la n . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t
o f the f o llo w in g : V e r if y in g m a t e r ia ls (o r m e r c h a n d is e ) a g a in s t r e c e iv in g
d o c u m e n ts , n o tin g and r e p o r tin g d is c r e p a n c ie s and o b v io u s d a m a g e s ; rou tin g
m a t e r ia ls to p r e s c r ib e d s to r a g e lo c a tio n s ; s to r in g , sta c k in g , o r p a lle t iz in g
m a t e r ia ls in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r ib e d s to r a g e m e th o d s ; r e a r r a n g in g and
t a k i n g in v e n t o r y o f s to r e d m a t e r ia ls ; e x a m in in g s to r e d m a t e r ia ls and
r e p o r tin g d e t e r io r a t io n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v in g m a t e r ia l fr o m s to r a g e and
p r e p a r in g it f o r sh ip m en t. M a y o p e r a te hand o r p o w e r tru c k s in p e r fo r m in g
w a re h o u s in g d u tie s .

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c la s s ifie d b y s iz e and
ty p e o f e q u ip m en t, as f o llo w s : ( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r should be ra te d on the b a s is
o f t r a i l e r c a p a c ity .)
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,

lig h t tru c k (u n d e r IV 2 to n s )
m e d iu m tru c k ( I V 2 to and in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
h e a v y tru c k ( t r a i l e r ) (o v e r 4 to n s )
h e a v y tru c k (o t h e r than t r a i l e r ) (o v e r 4 to n s )

O RD ER F IL L E R

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r sh ip m en t, o r r e c e iv e s and is r e s p o n s ib le
f o r in c o m in g sh ip m en ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r ia ls .
S h ippin g w o rk
i n v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f s h ip p in g p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t ic e s , ro u te s , a v a ila b le
m e a n s o f tr a n s p o r ta t io n , and r a te s ; and p r e p a r in g r e c o r d s o f the good s
sh ip p ed , m a k in g up b ills o f la d in g , p o s tin g w e ig h t and ship p ing c h a n g e s , and
k e e p in g a f i l e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s .
M a y d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p r e p a r in g the
m e r c h a n d is e f o r sh ip m en t. R e c e iv in g w o r k i n v o lv e s : V e r if y in g o r d ir e c tin g
o th e r s in v e r i f y i n g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f s h ip m en ts a g a in s t b ills o f la d in g ,
in v o ic e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r s h o rta g e s and r e je c t in g d a m a ge d
g o o d s ; ro u tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r ia ls to p r o p e r d e p a rtm e n ts ; and m a in ­
ta in in g n e c e s s a r y , r e c o r d s and f i l e s .

For

w age

stu d y

p u rp oses,

S h ip p in g c l e r k
R e c e iv in g c le r k
S h ip p in g and r e c e iv in g c le r k




w o rk ers

are

c la s s ifie d

as

E x c lu d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y d u tie s in v o lv e ship p ing and r e c e iv in g
w o r k (s e e Sh ip pin g and R e c e iv in g C le r k and Sh ip pin g P a c k e r ), o r d e r fillin g
(s e e O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a tin g p o w e r tru c k s (s e e P o w e r - T r u c k O p e r a t o r ).

fo llo w s :

F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r fin is h e d good s f r o m s to r e d
m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c ific a tio n s on s a le s s lip s , c u s to m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s tr u c tio n s .
M a y , in a d d itio n to f ill i n g o r d e r s and in d i­
c a tin g ite m s f i l l e d o r o m itte d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tgo in g o r d e r s , r e q u is itio n
a d d itio n a l sto c k o r r e p o r t s h o rt s u p p lies to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r f o r m o th e r
r e la te d d u tie s .

S H IP P IN G P A C K E R

P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p ro d u c ts f o r s h ip m en t o r s to r a g e b y p la c in g th em
in sh ip p in g c o n ta in e r s , the s p e c ific o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d b e in g d ep en d en t upon
the ty p e , s iz e , and n u m b e r o f u n its to be p a c k ed , the typ e o f c o n ta in e r
e m p lo y e d , and m eth o d o f sh ip m en t.
W o r k r e q u ir e s the p la c in g o f ite m s in
sh ip p in g c o n ta in e r s and m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : K n o w le d g e
o f v a r io u s ite m s o f s to c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y con ten t; s e le c tio n o f a p p r o p r ia te
ty p e and s iz e o f c o n ta in e r ; in s e r tin g e n c lo s u r e s in c o n ta in e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r
o r o th e r m a t e r ia l to p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c lo s in g and s e a lin g c o n ­
t a in e r ; and a p p ly in g la b e ls o r e n te r in g id e n tify in g data on c o n ta in e r .
P a ck ers
w ho a ls o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G L A B O R E R

GUARD AND W A TC H M A N

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu rin g p lan t, s to r e , o r
o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t w h o s e d u tie s in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the f o llo w in g :
L o a d in g and u n load in g v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m f r e ig h t
c a r s , tru c k s, o r o th e r tr a n s p o r tin g d e v ic e s ; u n packin g, s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s to r a g e lo c a tio n ; and tr a n s p o r tin g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e b y h an d tru ck , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w .
Lon gsh ore
w o r k e r s , w h o lo a d and u n load sh ip s, a r e e x c lu d e d .

G u a r d . P e r f o r m s ro u tin e p o lic e d u tie s , e ith e r at fix e d p o s t o r on
to u r, m a in ta in in g o r d e r , u sin g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
In c lu d e s
gu a rd s w ho a r e s ta tio n e d at g a te and ch eck on id e n tity o f e m p lo y e e s and
o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .
W a tc h m a n . M a k e s rounds o f p r e m is e s
p r o p e r t y a g a in s t f i r e , th eft, and i l l e g a l e n tr y .

p e r io d ic a lly

in

p r o te c tin g

P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R
J A N IT O R ,
O p e r a te s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic - p o w e r e d tru c k
o r t r a c t o r to tr a n s p o r t g ood s and m a t e r ia ls o f a ll k inds about a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u fa c tu rin g p lan t, o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.

tru c k ,

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s
as fo llo w s :

a r e c la s s ifie d b y ty p e o f p o w e r -

F o r k lift o p e ra to r
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r (o t h e r than f o r k lif t )




P O R TE R , OR C L E A N E R

C le a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d itio n f a c t o r y w o rk in g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m is e s o f an o f f ic e , a p a rtm e n t h ou se, o r c o m m e r ic a l
o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
D u ties in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f the f o llo w in g :
S w ee p in g , m o p p in g o r s c ru b b in g , and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g c h ip s , tr a s h ,
and o th e r r e fu s e ; d u stin g eq u ip m en t, fu r n itu r e , o r f ix t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l
fix tu r e s o r tr im m in g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p lies and m in o r m a in ten a n ce s e r v i c e s ;
and c le a n in g la v a t o r ie s , s h o w e rs , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s who s p e c ia liz e
in w in d o w w a s h in g a r e e x c lu d e d .

Service Contract
Act Surveys
T h e fo llo w in g a r e a s a r e s u r ­
v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f o r u s e in a d m in ­
is t e r in g th e S e r v i c e C o n tra c t A c t
o f 1965.
S u rv e y r e s u lt s a r e p u b ­
lis h e d in r e le a s e s w h ich a r e a v a ila ­
b le , at no c o s t, w h ile s u p p lies la s t
f r o m any o f th e B L S r e g io n a l o f f ic e s
shown on th e b a c k c o v e r .
A la s k a (s ta te w id e )
A lb a n y , G a.
A le x a n d r ia * L a .
A lp e n a * Standish* and
T a w a s C ity , M ic h .
A s h e v i l l e , N .C .
A tla n tic C ity , N .J .
A u g u s ta , G a.—S .C .
A u s tin , T e x .
B a k e r s fie ld * C a lif.
B aton R o u g e , L a .
B a ttle C r e e k , M ic h .
B eaum ont—P o r t A r t h u r O ran ge, T e x .
B ilo x i- G u lfp o r t and
P a s c a g o u la , M is s .
B r e m e r t o n , W a sh .
B r id g e p o r t , N o r w a lk , and
S ta m fo rd , Conn.
B ru n s w ic k , Ga.
C e d a r R a p id s , Io w a
C h am p aign —U r b a n a -R a n to u l, 111.
C h a r le s to n , S .C .
C h e ye n n e , W y o .
C l a r k s v ille - H o p k in s v ille , T e n n ^ K y .
C o lo r a d o S p r in g s , C o lo .
C o lu m b ia , S .C .
C o lu m b u s, M is s .
C ra n e , Ind.
D e c a tu r , 111.
D es M o in e s , Io w a
D othan, A la .
Duluth— u p e r io r , M in n .—W is .
S
E l P a s o , T e x . , and A la m o g o r d o —L a s
C ru ces, N. M ex.
E u g en e— p r in g fie ld and M e d fo r d —
S
K la m a th F a lls —G ra n ts P a s s —
R oseb u rg , O re g .
F a y e t t e v i l l e , N .C .
F itc h b u r g —L e o m i n s t e r , M a s s .




F o r t R i l e y —Junction C ity , K a n s .
F o r t S m ith , A r k .—O k la.
F o r t W a y n e , Ind.
F r e d e r ic k —H a g e r s to w n C h a m b e r s b u r g , M d .—P a .
G ad sd en and A n n is to n , A la .
G o ld s b o r o , N .C .
G ran d Isla n d —H a s tin g s , N e b r .
G u am , T e r r i t o r y o f
H a r r is b u r g —L e b a n o n , P a .
Johnson C ity^-K in gsp ort—B r is t o l,
T erm .—V a .
L a C r o s s e , W is .
L ared o, T ex.
L a w to n , O k la .
L e x in g to n —F a y e t t e , K y.
L im a , O h io
L o g a n s p o rt—P e r u , Ind.
L o w e r E a s te r n S h o re , M d .—V a .—D e l.
M a c o n , Ga.
M a d is o n , W is .
M a in e (s ta te w id e )
M c A lle n —P h a r r —E d in b u rg and
B r o w n s v ille — a r lin g e n H
San B e n ito , T e x .
M e r id ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , M on m ou th , and
O c e a n C o s ., N .J .
M o b ile and P e n s a c o la , A la ^ - F la .
M on tan a (s ta te w id e )
N e w B e r n — a c k s o n v ille , N .C .
J
N e w H a m p s h ir e (s ta te w id e )
N e w L o n d o n -N o r w ic h , Conn.—R .I.
N o r th D ak ota (s ta te w id e )
N o r th e r n N e w Y o r k
O r la n d o , F la .
O x n a r d -S im i Valley^V e n tu ra , C a lif.
P h o e n ix , A r i z .
P in e B lu ff, A r k .
P u e b lo , C o lo .
P u e r t o R ic o
R a le ig h —D u rh a m , N .C .
R eno, N ev.
R iv e r s id e - S a n B e r n a rd in o —
O n t a r io , C a lif.
S a lin a , K a n s.
S a lin as—S e a s id e — o n t e r e y , C a lif.
M
Sandusky, O h io

Santa B a r b a r a -S a n ta M a r i a L o m p o c , C a lif.
Savannah, Ga.
S e lm a , A la .
S h erm an —D e n is o n , T e x .
S h r e v e p o r t, L a .
South D ak ota (s ta te w id e )
S ou th ern Idaho
S o u th w e stern V ir g in ia
S p r in g fie ld , 111.
S p r in g fie ld —C h ic o p e e — o ly o k e ,
H
M a s s .—Conn.
S tock ton , C a lif.
T a c o m a , W a sh .
T o p e k a , K an s.
T u ls a , O k la .
U p p e r P e n in s u la , M ic h .
V a lle jo —F a ir f ie ld - N a p a , C a lif.
V e r m o n t (s ta te w id e )
V ir g in Is la n d s o f th e U .S.
W a c o and K ille e n - T e m p le , T e x .
W a t e r lo o —C e d a r F a lls , Io w a
W e s t T e x a s P la in s
W e s t V ir g in ia (s ta te w id e )
W ilm in g to n , D e l.—N .J .—M d .
Y a k im a , R ic h la n d -K e n n e w ic k , and
W a lla W allet—P e n d le to n ,
W a sh ^ O reg .

ALSO A V A IL A B L E —
A n annual r e p o r t on s a la r ie s f o r
a c c o u n ta n ts , a u d ito rs , c h ie f a c c o u n t­
an ts, a tto r n e y s , jo b a n a ly s ts , d i r e c ­
t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l, b u y e r s , c h e m is t s ,
e n g in e e r s , e n g in e e r in g te c h n ic ia n s ,
d r a ft e r s , a n d
c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s
is a v a ila b le .
O r d e r as B L S B u l l e ­
tin 1931, N a tio n a l S u rv e y o f P r o ­
f e s s io n a l, A d m in is t r a t iv e , T e c h n ic a l
and C l e r i c a l P a y , M a r c h 1976, $ 1 .3 ?
a c o p y , f r o m any o f th e B L S r e ­
g io n a l s a le s o f f ic e s shown on the
b ack c o v e r , o r f r o m th e S u p e r in ­
te n d en t o f D o c u m e n ts , U .S . G o v e r n ­
m en t P r in t in g O f f ic e , W a s h in g to n ,
D .C . 20402.

Area Wage
Surveys
A l i s t o f the l a t e s t b u lle tin s a v a i l a b l e is p r e s e n t e d b e lo w . B u lle tin s
m a y be p u r ch a s e d f r o m any o f th e B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s shown on the bac k
c o v e r , o r f r o m the Su perin te n den t o f D o c u m e n ts , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g
O f f i c e , W a sh in g to n , D .C . 20402.
A d i r e c t o r y o f o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e s u r v e y s ,
c o v e r i n g the y e a r s 1950 th ro u g h 1975, is a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t .

Area
A k r o n , O hio , D ec. 1976 1________________________________________
A lb a n y —Schen ect ady—T r o y , N . Y . , Sept. 1976 ________________
A n a h e i m —Santa An a—G a r d e n G r o v e ,
C a l i f . , Oct. 1 976_________________________________________________
A tl a n ta , G a., M a y 1 9 76__________________________________________
B a l t i m o r e , M d ., A u g . 1 9 7 6 _____________________________________
B i l l i n g s , M o n t., July 1 9 7 6 ______________________________________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1977__________________________________
B oston , M a s s . , Au g . 1976 ______________________________________
B u ffa lo , N . Y . , O c t. 1976 ________________________________________
Canton, O h io , M a y 1 9 7 6 _________________________________________
C hatt anooga, T e n n . - G a . , Sept. 1976 __________________________
C h ic a g o , 111., M a y 1976 _________________________________________
C in c in n ati, O h i o - K y . —I n d . , M a r . 1976________________________
C l e v e l a n d , O h io , Sept. 1 9 7 6 ____________________________________
C olu m b u s , O h io , O c t. 1 976_____________________________________
C or p u s C h r i s t i , T e x . , July 1976_______________________________
D a lla s —F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t. 1 9 76 __________________________
D a v e n p o r t—R o c k Island—M o l i n e , Iowa—111-, F e b . 1976______
D ayto n , O h io , D e c . 1976_________________________________________
D ayton a B e a c h , F l a . , A u g . 1976 _______________________________
D e n v e r —B o u l d e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 976____________________________
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , M a r . 1976 1 _____________________________________
F r e s n o , C a l i f . , June 1976 ______________________________________
G a i n e s v i l l e , F l a . , Sept. 1976 ___________________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , July 1 9 76 _____________________________________
G r e e n s b o r o —W i n s t o n - S a l e m —H ig h P o i n t ,
N . C . , Au g . 1976__________________________________________________
G r e e n v i l l e —S p a r t a n b u r g , S . C . , June 1976 1___________________
H a r t f o r d , Conn., M a r . 1977_____________________________________
H ou st on , T e x . , A p r . 1 9 76_______________________________________
H u n t s v i l l e , A l a . , F e b . 1977 1 ___________________________________
I n d ia n a p o lis , Ind., O c t. 1976____________________________________
J ack son, M i s s . , F e b . 1977 1 ____________________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1976 1 _________________________________
K ansas C i t y , M o . - K a n s . , Sept. 1976 1 ________________________
L o s A n g e l e s —L on g B e a c h , C a l i f . , O c t. 1 9 76 _________________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y.—Ind., N o v . 1976________________________________




B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e *
1900-76, 85 cents
1900-59, 55 cents
1900-67,
1900-30,
1900-52,
1900-39,
1950-8,
1900-53,
1900-70,
1900-28,
1900-57,
1900-32,
1900-7,
1900-62,
1900-68,
1900-41,
1900-63,
1900-25,
1900-78,
1900-45,
1900-73,
1900-15,
1900-29,
1900-54,
1900-37,

75 cents
85 cents
85 cents
55 cents
85 cents
85 cents
75 cents
55 cents
55 cents
$ 1.0 5
75 cents
95 cents
75 cents
55 cents
85 cents
55 cents
85 cents
45 cents
85 cents
$ 1.2 5
55 cents
45 cents
55 cents

1900-47,
1900-36,
1950-9,
1900-26,
1950-4,
1900-58,
1950-2,
1900-80,
1900-60,
1900-77,
1900-69,

65 cents
85 cents
80 cents
85 cents
$ 1 .4 0
75 cents
$ 1.5 0
85 cents
$1.05
85 cents
55 cents

Area

B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e *

M e m p h i s , T e n n . —A r k . —M i s s ., N o v . 1976 1____________________
1900-75,
M i a m i , F l a . , O c t. 1976___________________________________________ 1900-66,
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1976 ____________________________________
1900-22,
M i n n e a p o l i s —St. P a u l , M in n .—W i s . , Jan 1977________________ 1950-3,
N a s s a u - S u f f o l k , N . Y . , June 1976 _______________________________ 1900-35,
1950-7,
N e w a r k , N . J . , Jan. 197.7,.„_______________________________________
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , Jan. 1977 1 __________________________________
1950-5,
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . —N . J . , M a y 1 976________________________________ 1900-48,
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B e a c h —P o r t s m o u t h , V a.—
1900-27,
N . C . , M a y 1976 1_________________________________________________
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B e a c h —P o r t s m o u t h and
N e w p o r t N e w s —H am p to n , V a .—N . C . , M a y 1976 1 ___________
1900-33,
N o r t h e a s t P e n n s y l v a n i a , A u g . 1976 ____________________________ 1900-43,
O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , A u g . 1976_______________________________ 1900-42,
1900-61,
O m a h a , N e b r . —I o w a , O c t. 1976_________________________________
P a t e r son—C l i ft o n —P a s s a i c , N . J . , June 1976 __________________ 1900-38,
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . —N . J . , N o v . 1976 1____________________________ 1900-64,
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1977_______________________________________
1950-1,
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , D e c . 1976 1 ___________________________________
1900-72,
P o r t l a n d , O r e g —W a s h . , M a y 1976 _____________________________ 1900-51,
P o u g h k e e p s i e , N . Y . , June 1976 _________________________________ 1900-50,
P o u g h k e e p s ie —K in g s to n —N e w b u r g h , N . Y . , June 1976________ 1900-55,
P r o v i d e n c e — a r w i c k —P a w t u c k e t , R .1.—
W
1900-31,
M a s s . , June 1 9 76________________________________________________
1900-34,
R i c h m o n d , V a . , June 1 976_______________________________________
St. L o u i s , M o . - I l L , M a r . 1976 1_________________________________ 1900-19,
S a c r a m e n t o , C a l i f . , D e c . 1976 __________________________________ 1900-71,
S a gin aw , M i c h . , N o v . 1976 1_____________________________________
1900-74,
Salt L a k e C ity—O g d e n , Utah, N o v . 1976_______________________
1900-65,
San A n to n i o , T e x . , M a y 1976 ___________________________________
1900-23,
San D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1976____________________________________
1900-79,
San F r a n c i s c o - O a k l a n d , C a l i f . , M a r . 1976 ___________________ 1900-9,
San J o s e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1976_____________________________________
1900-13,
S e a t tle —E v e r e t t , W a s h . , Jan. 1976 _____________________________ 1900-6,
1900-5,
South Bend, Ind., M a r . 1976 ____________________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , July 1 976_______________________________________
1900-44,
T o l e d o , O h i o - M i c h . , M a y 1976__________________ , ______________ 1900-24,
T r e n t o n , N . J . , Sept. 1976________________________________________
1900-56,
W a s h in g to n , D . C . —M d . —V a . , M a r . 1976 _______________________
1900-12,
W i c h i t a , K a n s . , A p r . 1976_______________________________________
1900-21,
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , A p r . 1976 ___________________________________ 1900-16,
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1977________________________________________ _____ 1950-6,
P r ic e s a re d e te r m in e d b y th e G o v e r n m e n t P rin tin g O f f i c e

and a re s u b je c t to c h a n g e .

* D a t a o n e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p ro v is io n s a re a ls o p re s e n te d .

85 cents
75 cents
85 cents
$ 1.60
85 cents
$ 1.60
$ 1.60
$ 1.05
85 c e n t 6
85
65
55
55
55
$

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1.10

$ 1.50
85 cents
75 cents
45 cents
55 cents
75 cents
65 cents
$1.25
55 cents
75 cents
55 cents
65 cents
55 cents
95 cents
75 cents
65 cents
55 cents
55 cents
55 cents
55 cents
85 cents
55 cents
55 cents
$ 1.10

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau o Labor Statistics Regional Offices
ff
Region I

Region It

Region lit

Region IV

1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (AreaC ode617)

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New York, N Y. 10036
Phone: 399-5406 (Area Code 212)

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Phone: 596-1154 (AreaCode215)

Suite 540
>371 Peachtree St., N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone:881-4418 (Area Code 404)

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Region V

Region VI

Regions VII and VIII

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9th Floor, 230 S. Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone:353-1880 (Area Code 312)

Second Floor
555 Griffin Square Building
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (AreaC ode214)

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911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102