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X

Area
Wage
Survey

J ,
^

York, Pennsylvania,
Metropolitan Area,
February 1977

Bulletin 1950-6
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics




*****
, on

Preface
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r o v i d e s r e s u l t s o f a F e b r u a r y 1977 s u r v e y o f o c c u ­
p ational e a r n i n g s in the Y o r k , P e n n s y l v a n i a , S tan d ard M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s ­
tical A re a .
T h e s u r v e y w a s m a d e as p a r t o f the B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s ­
t i c s ' annual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m .
It w as con du cted b y the B u r e a u 's
r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . , un der the g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f I r w i n
L. F eigen bau m , A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l C o m m is s io n e r fo r O perations.
The
s u r v e y could not h a ve b e e n a c c o m p l i s h e d with out the c o o p e r a t i o n o f th e m a n y
f i r m s w h o s e w a g e and s a l a r y data p r o v i d e d the b a s i s f o r the s t a t i s t i c a l
i n f o r m a t i o n in th is b u ll e tin .
Th e B ureau w ishes to e x p ress s in c e r e a p p r e ­
c i a t i o n f o r the c o o p e r a t i o n r e c e i v e d .




M a t e r i a l in th is p u b lic a tio n is in th e pub lic d o m a in and m a y be r e ­
p ro d u c e d with out p e r m i s s i o n o f the F e d e r a l G o v e r n m e n t .
P l e a s e c r e d i t the
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s and c i t e the n a m e and n u m b e r of this p u b lic ation .

Note:
A l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r the Y o r k a r e a a r e l i s t i n g s o f union w a g e r a t e s
f o r s e v e n s e l e c t e d b u il d in g t r a d e s .
F r e e copies of th ese a r e a v a ila b le f r o m
the B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s .
(S e e b a c k c o v e r f o r a d d r e s s e s . )

Area
Wage
Survey

York, Pennsylvania,
Metropolitan Area,
February 1977

U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Julius Shiskin, Commissioner
May 1977

Contents

Page

Bulletin 1950-6
T ab les:
E arn in g s , all e s tab li shm en ts:
A - l . W e e k l y e arnings of o f f i c e
w o r k e r s ---------------------------------------3
A - 2 . W e e k l y e arn in g s of p r o f e s ­
sional and te chn ical w o r k e r s ------5
A - 3 . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e arn in g s of
o f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and
technical w o r k e r s , b y s e x ----------6
A - 4 . H o u r l y earnings of m a i n t e ­
nance, t o o l r o o m , and
p ow e r p la n t w o r k e r s --------------------7
A - 5 . H o u r l y e arnings of m a t e r i a l
m o v e m e n t and cus todial
w o r k e r s ---------------------------------------8
A - 6 . A v e r a g e h o u r ly e arnings o f
m ainte nance, to o lr o o m ,
p owerplant, m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
ment, and c usto d ia l w o r k e r s ,
b y s e x -----------------------------------------9
A -l.
P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s in a v e r a g e
hourly ear nings, adjusted for
em p lo ym ent shifts, f o r s e ­
lecte d occ up ational g r o u p s ------------ 10

Appendix A.
Ap pendix B.

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S.
Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402, GPO
Bookstores, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover.
Make checks payable to Superintendent of Documents.
Price $1.10.




Scope and method o f
s u r v e y 11
Occup ational d e s c r i p t i o n s -------------- 14
-

A.

Introduction
T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 74 in w h ic h the U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s B u re au
o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s conducts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and r e l a t e d
b e n e f i t s . (S ee l i s t o f a r e a s on i n s id e b ac k c o v e r . ) In e ach a r e a , oc c u p a tio n a l
e a r n i n g s data ( A - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e c o l l e c t e d an nually. I n f o r m a t i o n on e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e f i t s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) is
o b ta in e d e v e r y t h i r d y e a r . T h is r e p o r t has no B - s e r i e s t a b le s .

E a c h y e a r a f t e r a l l i n d iv id u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s h a ve b e en c o m ­
p l e t e d , tw o s u m m a r y b u lle tin s a r e is s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b r i n g s t o g e t h e r data
f o r e a c h m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; the s e c o n d p r e s e n t s n a tion al and
r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s , p r o j e c t e d f r o m i n d iv id u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a data, f o r
a l l S tan d ard M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s in the U n it e d S t a te s , e xc lu d in g
A l a s k a and H a w a ii.

A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is the ne e d
to d e s c r i b e the l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s ,
t h ro u g h the a n a ly s is o f (1) the l e v e l and d i s tr i b u t i o n o f w a g e s by oc c u p a tio n ,
and (2) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s by o c c u p a tio n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l . T h e
p r o g r a m d e v e l o p s i n f o r m a t i o n that m a y be used f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s , includin g
w a g e and s a l a r y a d m i n i s t r a t i o n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g , and a s s i s t a n c e in
d e t e r m i n i n g plant l o c a t i o n . S u r v e y r e s u l t s a ls o a r e used by the U.S. D e p a r t ­
m en t o f L a b o r to m a k e w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n s un der th e S e r v i c e C o n t ra c t A c t
o f 1965.




A - s e r i e s ta b le s
T a b l e s A - 1 t h ro u g h A - 6 p r o v i d e e s t i m a t e s o f s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y
o r h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r w o r k e r s in oc c up atio ns c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f
m a n u fa c tu rin g and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g i n d u s t r i e s . F o r the 31 l a r g e s t s u r v e y
a r e a s , t a b l e s A - 8 th ro u g h A - 13 p r o v i d e s i m i l a r data f o r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
e m p l o y i n g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e .
T a b l e A - 7 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t changes in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s
o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s , e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g w o r k e r s , in d u s t r i a l
n u r s e s , s k i l l e d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s w o r k e r s , and u n sk il led plant w o r k e r s .
W h e r e p o s s i b l e , data a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l i n d u s tr ie s and f o r m a n u f a c ­
tu r in g and n o n m an u fa ctu rin g s e p a r a t e l y .
Data a r e not p r e s e n t e d f o r s k i l l e d
m a in te n a n c e w o r k e r s in n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g b e c a u s e the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s
e m p l o y e d in this o c c u p a ti o n a l g ro u p in no nm anu fa cturin g is too s m a l l to
w a rra n t sepa rate presenta tion .
T h i s ta b le p r o v i d e s a m e a s u r e o f w a g e
t r e n d s a f t e r e l i n i m a t i o n o f changes in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s cau s e d by e m p l o y ­
m en t shifts am on g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s as w e l l as t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
in c lu d e d in s u r v e y s a m p l e s . F o r f u r t h e r d e t a i l s , s ee app endix A.
A p p e n d ix e s
A p p e n d ix A d e s c r i b e s the m e t h o d s and con ce p ts used in the a r e a
w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m and p r o v i d e s i n f o r m a t i o n on the sc op e o f the s u r v e y .
A p p e n d i x B p r o v i d e s jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s
m i s t s to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s by oc c u p atio n .

used by B u re a u f i e l d e c o n o ­

A. E a rn ing s
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in York, Pa., February 1977
W eekly earnings 1
(standard)

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of

N um ber

$

Average
w eekly
(standard

M edian ^

M iddle ranged

s

r e c e iv in g

s tr a ig h t- tim e

s

$

5

w e e k ly

3

%

e a r n in g s

$

3

o f ----

$

$

$

%

$

S

$

S

$

$

S

90

10 0

110

12 0

13 0

14 0

150

16 0

170

13 0

19 0

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

280

300

10 0

no

120

13 0

1M 0

15 0

160

17 0

180

19 0

200

210

220

230

24(1

250

260

280

300

320

5
-

30
M ean ^

of w o rk ers

S

-

21
3
18

37
1M
23

48
36
12

51
35
16

60
37
23

89
61
28

70
58
12

30
29
1

32
27

32
27
5

30
25
5

28
28
*

12
7
5

6
1
5

5
1
4

8
8

13
11
2

4
3
1

-

2
*

3
3

4
3

2
2

-

•

2
2

9
6

16
16

3
2

5
*

1
*

7
7

1
1

7
6
1

18
9
9

17
11
6

21
18
3

4
3
1

18
13
5

9
9

12
12

5
5

1

”

2
1
1

1
1

“

7
4
3

3
2
1

12
7
5

8
6
2

7
7
“

2
1
1

_

2

-

2

*

9
8
1

-

*

-

_

-

_

-

.

*

*

2
1
1

1

4

-

-

-

-

1

4

"

*

•

_

.

4

-

.

*

4

*

*

1

2
1
1

1

-

-

_

«

-

-

11

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

11

-

and
under

90

ALL WORKERS
SECRETARIES ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------

581

$
173.50
179.50
159.5C

1 6 5 . 5C
172.50
155.00

1M7.00-196.50
153.00-201.50
128.50-170.00

$

$

170

MO.O
MO.O
39.5

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -----MANUFACTURING -----------------

59
M2

MO.O
MO.O

21M.0C
220.50

2 2 0 . OC
220.00

191.00-232.50
210.50-225.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS 8 -----MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------

135
102
33

39.5
MO.O
39.0

187.50
1 9 1 . 5C
176.50

17A.OO
189.50
161.50

161.00-209.00
165.0C-212.nC
1 5 5 . 0 0 - 1 9 2 . OC

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -----MANUFACTURING ----------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------

213
129
8A

MO.O
MO.O
MO.O

171.00
180.00
158.00

163.00
1 7 0 . OC
150.00

1M6.50-188.50
1 6 0 . 0 0 - 1 9 5 . 5C
128.50-169.00

--------—

17M
138

MO.O
MO.O

151.50
157.50

152.00
156.50

s t e n o g r a p h e r s ------------------------------- —
m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------- -

167
96
71

MO.O
MO.O
39.5

152.50
1M8.5C
157.00

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL----— •—
MANUFACTURING ------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------—

95
M9
M6

39.5
39.5
39.5

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------- -— — — —

72

A ll

-

-

5

.

_

.

-

-

*

*

-

*

“

_

-

-

•

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

6
4
2

-

-

4

"
.

4

b

1

-

-

-

-

*

-

M

22
3
19

12
7
5

22
11
11

20
11
9

50
31
19

19
14
5

12
12
“

11
11

*

132.50-172.50
137.50-173.00

.

•

-

5
-

17
3

1M
11

26
25

22
18

20
17

19
16

26
23

12
12

3
3

9
9

1
1

-

-

1MM.0C
Im I . OC
1M7.00

1 3 1 * 0 0 * 1 6 7 .OC
131.00-163.50
1 2 7 . 5 0 - 1 7 6 . OC

•

2

i

-

i

24
12
12

13
7
6

17
15
2

14
9
5

10
2
8

“

3
2
1

1
1

2

40
31
9

2

-

12
6
6

2

-

18
8
10

2

1M7.50
1M0.5C
155.00

139.00
1 3 5 . 5C
1M7.00

127.50-161.50
130.00-157.50
125.00-178.00

.

2

i
-

24
19
5

11
4
7

9
6
3

9
8
1

4
1
3

9
1
8

-

-

-

i

8
2
6

-

2

1M
8
6

”

*

158.50
157.00
161.00

1M7.5C
IMe.OO
1MA.OC

13M.00-170.50
13M.00-170.50
13M.00-170.00

-

-

-

M

-

-

-

16
12
M

13
8
5

8
7
1

10
8
2

1
1

2
2

1
1

-

*

"

3
2
1

2

-

M
M

4

M7
25

MO.O
MO.O
>♦0.0

2

TYPISTS ----------------------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------

250
171
79

MO.O
39.5
MO.O

138.00
13M.5C
1M6.50

133.50
131.50
139.00

119.5C-1M9.5C
120.00-1MM.5C
10M.00-166.00

16
16

14
11
3

13
5
8

•

-

-

-

_

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

11

TY PIS TS , CLASS A --------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------— —

77
77

39.5
39.5

1M1.50
1M1.5C

141.50
1A1.5C

TY PIS TS , CLASS 0 ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

173
9M
79

MO.O
MO.O
MO.O

1 3 7 . OC
129.00
1M6.5C

12M.5C
12M.00
139.00

s e c r e t a r i e s , c l a s s o -------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------

NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

-

"

*

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

31
9
22

131.00-1M9.5C
131.00-1A9.5C

.

.

-

112.0C-1M9.0C
115.00-137.00
1 0 M . 0 0 - 1 6 6 . OC

.

.

31

-

-

M

“

1
3

39
26
13

33
32
1

52
48
4

41
24
17

2
2

12
12

22
22

22
22

12
12

6
6

1
1

21
20
1

30
26

8
5
3

12

4

19
2
17

4

22

37
2M
13

21
15

1M
13

38
37

6
5

2
1

*

1
1

10

37

1
-

1

1

3
3
*

1
1

*

”

-

-

1

“

5

-

“

2

*

-

9

4

*
-

-

*

*

*

-

*

_

-

-

-

-

8

*

*

”

*

-

3
3

-

6

-

-

-

-

*

-

.

-

4

-

11

*

_

-

.

-

_

FILE CLERKS ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

100
80

36.5
36.0

123.00
120.50

12M.50
125.00

1 0 6 . 0 0 - 1 2 6 . OC
1 0 9 . 0 0 - 1 2 6 . OC

-

-

9
5

FILE CLERKS, CLASS C ---------------------

80

36.5

116.00

121.00

105.00-125.00

-

9

19

MESSENGERS ------------------------------------------

26

MO.O

12M.50

126.00

117.00-136.50

-

2

M

M

7

6

2

-

1

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS ----------------------

25

38.5

1M8.00

146.5C

9 M . 0 0 - 1 8 7 . OC

6

2

-

-

1

1

4

-

1

2

2

-

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

115
91

MO.O
MO.O

138.00
138.50

131.00
133.50

120.00-1M3.50
12M.00-1MM.5C

_

_

9
5

15
13

24
16

35
32

9
7

5

4

3
3

8
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

i

1

-

SWITCHBOARD OPtRATOR-PECEPTIONlSTSMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

See footn otes at end o f tables.




3

5

i

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in York, Pa., February 1977— Continued
W eek ly earnings 1
(standard)______

Num ber o f w o rk e rs re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e w eek ly earn in gs of—
i

Average
w eekly
hours1
(standard)

S

$

80

90

loo

110

120

130

140

15 0

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

280

300

90

Occupation and in du stry d iv is io n

100

110

12 0

13 0

140

150

16Q

17 0

180

190

200

2lQ

220

230

240

250

260

280

300

320

3
3

5
5

12
12

3
3

1
1

7
7

13

29

-

-

8
3
3

6
1
5
5

4
4

3
3

4
4

_

M iddle ranged

ALL W O R K E R S —
CONTINUED
54
52

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------

40.0
40.0

155.50
156.50

153.00
154.50

137.00-176.00
137.00-176.50

364
153

O R D E R C L E R K S --------------------M A N U F A C T U R E D ---------- — —

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

1 4 3 . 5C
160.00
131.00
160.50

137.00
151.00
124.00
147.50

119.00136.00113.00140.00-

211
33

155.00
174.00
147,50
187.50

13
-

1

29
-

58
9
49
2

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S . C L A S S A ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------ ----

122
64
58

40.0
40.0
40.0

166.50
178.00
1 5 4 . 0C

161.00
172.00
148.50

141.00153.00125.00-

1 8 5 . 5C
188.50
170.00

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S , C L A S S B -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

242
89
153

40.0
40.0
40.0

131.50
146.50
122.50

125.00
138.00
119.00

114.00127.00108.00-

146.00
153.00
136.50

84
57

39.0
39.0

152.50
170.50

142.00
168.50

120.00-176.00
142.00-185.50

68
41

39.0
39.5

1 4 0 . 5C
158.00

140.00
142.00

120.00140.00-

29

4 0 .0

150.00

140.00

130.00-157.00

P A Y R O L L C L E R K S -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

104
89

39.5
39.5

1 4 9 . 5C
147.50

150.00
1 4 5 . 0C

131.00128.00-

160.50
161.50

4
4

9
9

2
2

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------

344
169
175

40.0
40.0
40.0

133.00
147.50
119.50

125.50
137.50

112.0C

108.00120.00108.00-

141.50
151.00
130.00

24
12
12

67
12
55

89
55
34

40.0
40.0
40.0

172.00
189.50
143.00

148.00
161.00
142.50

1 4 0 . 0 0 - 1 8 6 . 0C
141.50255.00
129.50147.50

255
114

40.0
40.0

119.50
1 2 7 . OC

1 1 9 . 0C
1 2 9 . OC

108.00114.00-

n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

--------------------------

BOOKKEEPING-MACMINE OPERATORS —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------b o o k k e e p i n g

-m

a ch ine

MANUFACTURING
MACHINE

bi ll ers

o p e r a t o r s

--------------------

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

39
21
18
-

8
8

4
4

2
2

51
23
28
16

41
19
22
2

20
14
6
12
6
6

12
8
4

12
11
1

3
3
-

11
8
3

-

13
9
4
2

16
15
1
1

3
3
-

-

i
-

10
3
7

-

8

9

13
9
4

19
11
8

26

50
9
41

44
20
24

30
21
9

38
14
24

22
8
14

8
8

1
1

4
4

•

1

9

4

1

-

13

-

i
13

8

1

24
24

2
2

3
3

7
7

6
6

1
1

1
1

9
1

-

28

15

144.00
175.00

132.00
136.00

7

9

u

-

2

•

-

•

-

1
1

-

2

•

-

-

-

-

-

6
1
5

-

2

-

-

.

-

1
1

2

-

-

-

-

•

•

-

-

-

1

6

-

6

6

-

•

6

4
-

24
24

2
2

7
7

4

9

2

6

21

9

6

18

16
15

21
12

3
3

52
15
37

50
23
27

53
38
15

46
26
20

9
9
-

15
8
7

5
3
2

1
1

1
1

10
10

11
11

1
1
-

5
1
4

7
1
6

8
6
2

27
12
15

5
5
-

11
6
5

2
-

1
1

1
1

10
10

11
11

24

66

12

11

47
14

43
22

4
4

4
2

3
3

at end o f ta b le s .




54
23
31
2

6
6

,

-------------------------

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

S e e fo o tn o te s

2
1

4

10

45
32

19
14

5

2

7
7

4

•

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in York, Pa., February 1977
W e ek ly e a r n in g s 1
(s ta n d a rd )

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

N um ber
of
w orkers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f ---$

A verage
w e e k ly
hours 1
(sta n d a rd )

$

M ean *

M e d ia n ^

M id d le ra n g e *

COMPUTER SYSTEMS
Vo U j I 'L . j u *

* "

150

160

170

190

20 0

210

s

220

S
>

230

240

26C

280

300

-

-

280

300

320

7
7

1j
3
7

6
1
5

6

140

150

160

170

160

190

200

21 0

220

230

240

260

WORKERS
ANALYSTS
"

u" " "

$

$

$

2 7 1 .5 0 -3 4 5 .0 0

J06*

2 86 .00
2 8 6 • 00

246 .50
2 6 0 .50
2 3 0 .00

2 4 2 . 0C
2 42 .50
235 .00

1 9 0 . 5 0 - 2 7 9 . OC
1 85 .00 -3 19 .30
1 92 .00 -2 69 .10

"
33

COMPUTER PROORAMMERS (B U S I N E S S ) ------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

76
40
36

44

COMPUTER OPERATORS,

38

CLASS C

5b

34

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
3
1

-

3
3

7
3
4

5
5

4

1

4

3

l

-

i

2

6
3

*

3

1

3

1

3

250 .00

1 9 8 .50 -2 71 .00

-

-

“

3

“

2

4

*

1

2

2

2

6

7

1 77 .00
2 0 7 . 0C
152.00

1 60 .00
1 7 7 . 0C
149.00

1 40 .00 -1 86 .00
1 4 9 . 0 0 - 2 0 1 . 5C
137 .50 -1 71 .00

13

7
2
5

23

7
1

15
9

9

-

-

2

4

-

-

6

5

2
1
1

-

6

8
5
3

-

17

5
2
3

-

-

40.0
40.0

162.50
1 62 .00

1 6 0 . OC 1 4 b . 5 0 - 1 8 0 . 0 0
160.00 1 4 8 .0 0 -1 7 7 .5 0

1

11

1

2

1

8
5

4

9

6
6

6

-

5
4

5

3

1

12

2

12

4

1

5

1

1

7
7

10
10

9

5

1

3

12
8

11
5

20
16

15
15

45
41

18
16

36
30

33
33

37
30

14
14

-

-

-

2
2

3
3

7
7

4
4

22
22

8
8
6

4

9

6

297
232

4 0.0
40.0

2 16 .50
212 .00

2 1 7 .50
2 1 5 .50

1 9 0 . 0 0 - 2 4 0 . 5C
1 93 .50 -2 36 .50

DRAFTERS. CLASS A -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------

58
49

4 0.0
40.0

2 56 ,50
244 .50

2 4 9 . 5C 2 3 9 . 0 0 - 2 6 4 . 5 0
246 .00 2 3 1 .5 0 -2 5 9 .0 0

-

_

*

-

DRAFTERS. CLASS b -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

1 56
12 5

4 0.0
40.0

222 .50
2 1 7 .50

2 2 2 .00
2 20 .50

2 0 1 .0 C -2 3 6 .5 C
2 01 .5 0 -2 3 6 .5 0

_

.

-

-

-

-

DRAFTERS, CLASS C ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

73
54

4 0 .0
4 0.0

181.00
1 76.00

1 85 .00
1 85 .00

140.00 -2 06 .00
1 3 9 . 5 0 - 1 9 9 . 5C

5
5

10
10

5
i

5
3

226.00

2 10 .00

1 9 0 .0 C -2 6 7 .0 C

“

-

“

IN D U S T R I A L

NURSES

---------------

25

o

1 4 4 . SC

--------------------------------------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r in g
--------------------------------------------

DRAFTERS

o

1 4 4 . SC

1 2 6 . 5 0 - 1 5 1 . 0C

-----------

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le s .




11
6
5

2 36 .50

o

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B ----------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

4b

-

4 0.0
40.0
*♦ 0.0

O

100

JW

$

O

36

COMPUTER OPERATORS --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
40.0

o

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS B -----------------------------------------------------------

REGISTERED

$

$

i

180

and
unde r
130

ALL

140

S

i

i

130

6
6

120

5

-

-

-

“

*

*

5
5

6

2

11
7

6
6

34
32

12
10

27
21

26
28

6
8

6

2
2

9
9

9
9

9
7

3
3

2
2

1
1

7
-

2

4

3

2

6

*

1

-

2

6

2

320

34Q

340

-

360

360

380

38Q

400

anc]
4QQ o v e r

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in York, Pa., February 1977
Avera ge
(m ea n 2 )

A vera ge
(m ea n 2 )

S e x , 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

-

Number
of
workers

W eekly
hours 1
[standard)

W eek ly
earnings 1
(standard)

S e x , 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

MEN

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
WOMEN— CONTINUED
▼v,r. T

Number
of
worken

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings1
(standard)

A vera ge
(m ea n 2 )

S e x , 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
WOMEN— CONTINUEO

-

Weekly
hours 1
[standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

-

$

L T. .r-r^
........

Number
of
worken

JC J

„

, A

,

78

$

145.00
1A

100
399
170

3 9 .5

59
42

4 0 ,0

2 14 .00
220 .50

98
33

3 9 .0

187.00
176.50

.

176.00
159.50
80

1

LLA

3 6 .5
30

148.00

"

137.00
137.00

SWITCHBOARD OPtHATOR-RECEPTION1STS -

'j

n

•

AA

00

uJ J

116.00

25

___ _______ __ _ _

. r-

.t

90

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
306.5C

ORDER CLERKS

-----------------------------------------------------

33

4 0 .0

135.00
33

84
174

/A

f

40 .0

1 -i

0 . j 158.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S IN E S S ) .
151.50
1 j 7 . _iv

' 0 0 l^ i

no

165
96
69

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

145.00

Avv

11

v w L l'* 'jf

LL

j

0 .0

A

2 38 .00

rtn r r M T - r f

,
___

158.00

93

33

36

162.00
vUWr U 1Ln Uf L*'A 1UK

4 0 .0

LLAJ j u
i*0.0

.-

A\,L v UN 1i •
’fb L u l K vj f I.L Aj j
H

u

234
83

1 2 8 .d C

84

152.50
1 7 0 .5C

1 J O» J 1

U KAr|tko

/A A
A A A 2 15 .00

"

, „ ''*'"0
^

rc

2 44 .50
NONMANUFa CTUR I N G --------------------------

25

jy p

4 0 .0

1 6 1 .0C

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
99
41

4 0 .0
78

Un A* 1L hd ♦ vL Aj j

Li

"" ®

156.00
57
44

150.00

,0 0

76
PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN
DRAFTERS ---------------------------------------------See footn otes at end o f tables.




6

30

o
c

39 5 1 '' * 5 0

171.50

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in York, Pa., February 1977
Hourly earnings

4

N u m b e r o f w o rk e rs r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f----

s
O ccu p ation and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

workers

M ea n 2

M ed ian 2

M iddle range

2

T
4 .2 0

5
1 — 1 ------- 5
$
4 . 4 0 4 . 6 0 4 . 8 0 5 .0 0 5 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

2
2

3 .3 0

of

*

4
4

3
3

4
4

6
6

1
1

3

5
5

•

21
21

33
33

-

5
2
3
3

-

S
3 .5 0

s
3 .6 0

S
3 .7 0

$
3 .8 0

$
7
3 .9 0 4 . 0 0

3 f 50 3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

3 .9 0

4 .0 0

$
3 .4 0

i

5 .6 0

$
6 .0 0

$
6 .4 0

$
6 .8 0

$
7 .2 0

~J------- T ~
3 -----$
7 .6 0 8 .0 0 8 .4 0 8 .8 0

5 .6 0

6 .0 0

6 .4 0

6 .8 0

7 .2 0

7 .6 0

8 .0 0

8 .4 0

8 .8 0

1
1

4
4

11
11

8
2

2
2

•
-

-

-

1
1

*

-

6
6

5
5

20
20

76
76

16
16

_

.

-

-

-

29
11

25
25

•

3

•

9
9

5
5

23
23

17
17

60
60

17
17

16
16

•

-

-

-

-

2
-

-

*

*

11
11

3
3

4
4

3
3

15
13

62
48

55
55

13
13

2
2

3
“

1
1

45

39

-

39

*

2
2

3
3
3

23
23
-

12
2
10

8
2
6

5
1
4

14

4

56
1
55
55

12

-

21
21

and
u n der

3 .4 0

4 .2 0

ALL W O R K E R S
M A I N T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R S --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

36
30

$
5 .6 5
5 .5 1

$
5 .6 3
5 .6 3

$
$
5 .0 7 - 6 .2 3
4 . 9 5 - 5 .6 3

M A I N T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N S -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

191
1 /3

6 .6 7
6 .5 1

6 .2 9
6 .2 5

6 .0 5 5 .9 5 -

8 .1 2
6 .7 6

•

M A I N T E N A N C E M A C H I N I S T S --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

IS A
152

6 .0 1
5 .9 9

6 .1 6
6 .1 3

5 .3 9 5 .3 9 -

6 .3 0
6 .2 9

-

-

-

.

M A I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N I C S (MACH I N E R Y ) M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

316
2S2

6 .2 2
5 .9 0

6 .0 1
5 .8 3

5 .1 0 - 8 .1 2
4 . 5 2 - 6 .3 2

-

•

-

*

•

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR V E H I C L E S ) --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

159
A1
118
103

6.66
5 .5 7
7 .0 4
7 .2 0

6 .9 9
4 .8 5
7 .6 0
7 .7 5

5 . 0 8 - 7 .7 7
4 . 8 2 - 5 .8 4
6 . 5 8 - 7 .7 7
6 . 7 5 - 7 .9 0

*

-

M A I N T E N A N C E P I P E F I T T E R S ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

60
60

6 .7 1
6 .7 1

6 .0 3
6 .0 3

5 . 8 3 - 8 .3 6
5 . 8 3 - 8 .3 6

M A I N T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R S ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

105
84

4 .9 2
4 .7 9

4 .8 1
4 .7 9

4 .7 C - 5 .4 2
4 . 0 5 - 5 .0 2

T O O L A N D DIE M A K E R S -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

211
211

6 .8 6
6 .8 6

6 .8 0
6 .8 0

S T A T I O N A R Y E N G I N E E R S ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

25
25

7 .2 0
7 .2 0

B O I L E R T E N D E R S ----------- ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

41
41

4 .9 3
4 .9 3

-

•

_

.

-

*

2
2

.

*

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

6

-

2

12
12

14
-

14
11

2

“

11
11

17
17

lb

.

10

-

24
3

8
8

-

•

-

“

6 . 4 3 - 7 .4 4
6 . 4 3 - 7 .4 4

15
15

8

a

25
25

57
57

35
35

6 .8 7
6 .8 7

6 . 2 8 - 8 .3 6
6 . 2 8 - 8 .3 6

1
1

4
4

4
4

3
3

1
1

4 .9 5
4 .9 5

4 . 3 1 - 5 .7 6
4 . 3 1 - 5 .7 6

4
4

3
3

3
3

2
2

•
-

1
1

8
a

See fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le s .




~

7

9
9

•
*

•

-

4
4

2
2

3
3

"

-

•

24
24

•

-

10
10

6
6

8

8

8

8

-

8
8

-

4
4
•

6
6
6

1
-

-

1
1

-

•

-

-

•

.

-

-

1
1

-

7
7

-

-

-

-

49
49

4
4

7
7

11
11

-

•

1
1

11
11

-

•

“

“

-

•
**

-

-

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in York, Pa., February 1977
Hourly earnings

O ccu p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

of
workers

4

N u m ber

of w o rk ers

r e c e iv in g

$
S
3
s
2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2.5 0 2 .6 0
M ean2

M edia n 2

M iddle range

2

S
2.7 0

s tr a ig h t- tim e

h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—

S
5
T
S
3
$
2 .8 0 2 90 3.0 0 3.2 0 3 .40 3.6 0

s

i
S
S
S
3 .80 4 . 00 4 .20 4 • ^0 4 .8 0

S
5 .20

S
5.6 0

S
S
S
6 .0 0 6*40 6.8 0

~s—
i
7.20 7.6 0

and
u n der

$
6 .2 7
4 .3 6
6 .9 2
7 .8 2

$
7 .6 5
4 .4 1
7 .7 7
7 .7 7

$
4 .4 2 —
3 .6 3 5 .8 6 7 .7 7 -

TRUCKORIVERS. LIGHT TRUCK -----

47

3 .4 7

3 .4 0

r\
)

TRUCKORIVERS. MEDIUM TRUCK --MANUFACTURING -------------------------

2B3
87

6 . 10
4 .1 7

7 .7 7
3 .6 3

4 .1 8 - 7.77
3 .6 3 - 5 .0 6

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK
(TR A ILE R ) -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING —

300
69
231

6.6 0
4 .6 5
7.18

7 .6 5
4 .4 1
7 .7 7

$
7.7 7
4 .7 5
7 .8 7
7.9 5

*
-

-

4

•

-

.
*

2 .9 0 3. 00 3 .2 0

*

3.4 0

3 • 60 3.8 0 4 .00 4 . 20 4 .40 4 .8 0 5 .2 0 5 .60 6 .0 0 6 t 40 6.8 0

5 .7 9 - 7 .7 7
4 .4 1 - 4.7 1
5 .8 6 - 7 .7 7

TRUCKORIVERS -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ---------------

ui
i

793
202
591
377

2.5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0

o

2.4 0
ALL WORKERS

-

4
4

-

*

7
1
6
-

-

2

7

-

1

.

-

.

-

2
2
-

*

9
1
8
-

3
3
*

33
19
14
*

8

1

6

1

15
13

38
36

1
1

2
2

40
38
2
-

1
1

TRUCKORIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK
(OTHER THAN TRAILER) -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------

AO
25

4 .9 3
4 .3 8

4 .5 7
4 .4 2

4 .4 2 - 5 .8 6
4 .0 0 - 4 .5 7

SHIPPING CLERKS -------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------

177
171

6.0 0
6.0 1

7 .0 6
7 .0 6

4 .9 6 - 7 .0 6
4 .8 7 - 7.22

_

RECEIVING CLERKS ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------

153
83

4 .3 7
4 .7 4

4 .8 8
A . 84

3»5Q — 5 »05
3 .9 3 - 5.1 5

.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS MANUFACTURING -------------------------

74
57

4 .5 9
4 .9 0

4 .2 0
4 .5 9

3 .7 9 - 5 .2 4
4 .0 0 - 5 .2 o

WAREHOUSEMEN -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------

117
109

5 .3 7
5 .3 9

5 .6 8
5 .6 8

5 .1 3 - 5 .6 8
5 .1 3 - 5.6 8

ORDER FILLERS -----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------

392
201

4 . 10
4 .3 2

4.3C
4 .4 2

SHIPPING PACKERS ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------

410
235

3.6 5
4 .3 6

MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS ------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------

744
46b
279
184

FORKLIFT OPERATORS --------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------POWER-TRUCK OPERATORS (OTHER
THAN FORKLIFT) ---------------------------

7
6
1
-

32
6
26
-

29
20
9
-

71
58
13
-

21
17
4
-

-

12

2

1

1

-

1

14

17
4

15
11

14
14

-

38
38

*♦

4

18
9
9

62

-

-

-

-

*

"

15
6

4
4

-

10
10

*

2
2

6
6

*

5
S

2
2

7
7

1
1

2

3
*
_

“

*

-

“

-

-

“

-

*

-

_

-

-

-

_

*

•

4
4

1
1

4

13
1

8

5
i

-

-

1
1

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

_

-

2 .5 5 - 5 .5 8
2 .9 4 - 4.9 4

29
9

12
4

3.2 0
4 .4 2

2 .5 5 - 4 .7 3
3 .4 8 - 5 .1 4

35
7

16
4

5 .1 5
4.3 0
6 .5 6
7.7 1

4 .6 0
4 .0 0
7 .6 8
7.7 7

3 .4 9 3 .1 4 5 .5 8 7 .6 8 -

6

10
10

638
531

5.2 4
5 .0 0

5 .0 0
5.0C

4 .1 1 - 6 .9 2
3 .9 4 - 5.5 4

44

5 .1 2

5 .0 2

-

_

36
27
9
-

1

-

-

-

3

_

-

-

3
3

.

62
-

15
15

1
1

1
1

15
-

5
5

13
13

10
10

19
19

19
19

6
-

11
11

4
4

8
6

2
2

60
28

5
5

11
5

1
1

2
-

7
7

15
12

3
3

-

-

15
15

-

-

2
2

-

17
15

16
12

11
11

69
67

8
*

-

-

*

“

*
.

•

-

-

-

-

”

*

-

*

"

-

1
1

*

1
1

65
13

25
9

«
8

10
6

8
4

13
13

6
6

5
5

3
3

1
1

-

17
17

26
26

39
39

87
-

-

99
3

9
1

8
4

27
15

5
5

1
1

17
17

16
16

4
4

7
7

11
11

7
7

56
41

34
34

15
15

36
36

17
13
4
*

4
4

2
2

10
10

44
44

20
20

66
66

-

-

-

«

-

67
32
35

“

-

-

*

*

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

55
55

42
42

17
17

14
14

34
34

54
31

-

*

_

6
6

31
31

160

-

-

1
-

9
9

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

38
38

-

-

-

7
7

-

-

-

75
75

2

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

lo 2
182

89
89

84
84

38
1

7
7

-

*

47
-

-

18

16

-

-

54
34

7
7

6
6

-

-

14

-

-

-

6

3

5

4

2

-

10

-

-

-

6

-

-

8

4

16

2

6

9

26

16

-

24

7

6

-

-

39
11
28

18
6
12

7
4
3

1
1
*

9
5
4

22
9
13

29
21
8

37
36
1

16
14
2

28
20
8

45
29
16

24
24
*

51
46
3

43
38
5

32
32

•

-

4 .6 4

3 .9 8

3 .3 5 - 7 .1 3

-

-

-

MANUFACTURING -------------------------

136

3.7 7

3 .8 7

3 .0 5 - 4 .4 4

6

-

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS
MANUFACTURING ------------ --------—
NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

499
327
172

3 .7 8
4 .2 6
2 .8 7

3 .7 2
4 .2 2
2.5C

2 .6 0 - 4 .5 3
3 .5 2 - 4 .9 7
2 .4 0 - 3.2 0

47
6
41

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.

8

-

3

-

-

16
16

-

3

16

-

-

-

-

22
22

-

-

-

63

120
120

182

3
3

18
18

w atchm en:

-

_

30
30

GUARCSt
MANUFACTURING -------------------------

-

16a

-

14
14

18

-

-

9
9

7
6

_

8
8

-

8
8

3
“

-

-

16
16

11
6

148

_

5
4

2 .8 C - 4 .4 2
3 .0 5 - 4 .4 h

413
374

-

3
8

3 .7 5
3 .8 7

•
•

44
44

18
14

3 .8 5
4 .0 5

1
1

49
49

-

231
199

29
1
28

-

2

-

76
52
24

3
3

-

48
34
14
*

4
4

-

71
65
6

29
29

-

6
2
4
*

7

-

*
-

-

413

_

13
7

-

•

-

5
1

-

tleOO

-

_

*
•

7 .—

6
3
3
3

78
1
77
-

-

5 .0 2 - 5 .4 3

6.81
4 .7 7
7.7 7
7 .7 7

*

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------




1
1

7.2 0

-

*

Sex,

N um ber
of
w orkers

o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

3

A verage
(m e a n 2 )

Sex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

e a r n in g s 4

1Iw A m 1 w ri Wr( v t

v

»1 LTi

N um ber
of
w orkers

A verage
(m e a n *)
h ou rly
e arn in gs 4

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

MAINTENANCE > TOOLROOM, AND
POWERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - MEN
|^11 ^

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK
MANUFACTURING

--------------------------------------------

25

93
9 .3 8

MANUFACTURING

-------------------------------------------

71

4. 60

-----------------------------------------------------

117

5.3 7

\U 1 " L R

1S2
-

276
212

1n n 1 L l K i

|

*

5.8 5
5.3 6

6 .5 8

103

maintenance

(MACHINERY)

• nAri

5 .9 9

152

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS

7.20

WAREHOUSEMEN

m ec h anic s

v

L

1n m U L j

, „

-------------------------------------------

167

<*.58

MANUFACTURING

rl M 1 m 1 L

*

MANUFACTURING

-------------------------------------------

385

97
5. 82

205

3. 56

--------------------------------------------

136

3. 77

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING --------------------- --------- -----------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

335
209
126

3.71
9 .2 3
2 .8 9

61

3. 96

1' L L * L h u

77

'

*
*

6*7^

*-« * *
-4-

9 .9 3

WATCHMEN!
manufacturing
m aterial

movement

and

custodial

OCCUPATIONS - MEN

-----------------------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

----------- ------------------------

-t -

TRUCKDRIVERS

oo c




Table A -6 . A verage hourly earnings of m aintenance, toolroom ,
pow erplant, m aterial m ovem ent, and custodial w orkers.
by sex, in Y ork, Pa., February 1977

6. 25

563

6.90
OCCUPATIONS

-

W
OMEN

SHIPPING PACKERS:
TRUCKDRIVERS.

HEAVY TRUCK

m an u fac tu r in g

--------------------------------------------

l 1W w I L w H J

JANITORS. PORTERS.

AND CLEANERS ----

192
c .96
.

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .

9

Table A -7.

Percent increases in average hourly earnings, adjusted for

em plo ym ent shifts, for selected occupational groups
in Y ork, Pa., fo r selected periods
F e b r u a r y 1972 F e b r u a r y 1973 F e b r u a r y 1974 F e b r u a r y 1975
to
to
to
to
F e b r u a r y 1973 F e b r u a r y 1974 F e b r u a r y 1975 F e b r u a r y 1976

In d u s try and o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p 5

F e b r u a r y 1976
to
F e b r u a r y 1977

A ll in d u s tr ie s :
4.9

9.6

7.5

6.8

(6)
7.0
5.5
6.0

( 6)
5.1
10.5
9.4

(6)
9.7
8.8
8.5

8.0
8.4
7.5

5.3

5.5

9.5

7.1

6.4

(6)

(6)
7.0
5.6
6.3

(? )
( 6)

(? )

5.8
7.1
6.6

M a n u fa c tu rin g :
O f f ic e c l e r i c a l ____________________________________________
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g , .
In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s ___
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s
U n s k ille d p lan t w o r k e r s .
__ __ ...........
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g
In d u s tr ia l n u rs e s
U n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s ___

5.1

( 6)

O ffic e c l e r i c a l
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g
In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e tr a d e s
U n s k ille d p lan t w o r k e r s

5.8
6.3
6.0

11.3
9.7

( 6)
8.7
9.0

( 6)

0)
( 6)
8.3
7.0

(,6)

_ _

C )

C>

(?)

( 6)

(6 )
5.8

(? )
( 6)
8.9

(6)

( 6)

__

( 6)

(6 )
8.4

__
7.6

7.6

(?)

Footnotes1
2
1 S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e f le c t th e w o rk w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e
s a la rie s ( e x c lu s iv e o f pay f o r o v e r tim e a t r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a te s ) , and the e a rn in g s c o rre s p o n d
to th e se w e e k ly h o u rs .
2 T h e m e a n is c o m p u te d f o r each jo b b y t o ta lin g th e e a rn in g s o f a l l w o r k e r s and d iv id in g by
th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a te s p o s itio n — h a lf o f th e w o rk e r s r e c e iv e th e sam e o r
m o re and h a lf r e c e iv e th e sa m e o r le s s th a n th e ra te show n.
T h e m id d le ra n g e is d e fin e d b y tw o
r a te s o f pay; a f o u r th o f th e w o r k e r s e a rn th e sam e o r le s s th a n th e lo w e r o f th e s e r a te s and a
fo u r th e a rn th e sa m e o r m o re th a n th e h ig h e r ra te .




3 E arn in gs data re la te only to w o rk ers w hose sex id en tifica tion was p r o v i d e d by the
establishm ent.
4 Exclu des prem iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, h olidays, and la te shifts.
5 E s tim a te s f o r p e rio d s end in g p r io r to 1976 r e la te to m e n o n ly f o r s k ille d m a in te n a n c e and
u n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s .
A l l o th e r e s tim a te s r e la te to m e n and w o m en .
6 D a ta do n o t m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a o r d a ta n o t a v a ila b le .

10

Appendix A.
Scope and Method
of Survey
D ata on a r e a w a g e s and r e la te d b e n e fits a r e ob ta in ed b y p e r s o n a l
v is it s o f B u reau f ie ld r e p r e s e n ta tiv e s at 3 - y e a r in t e r v a ls .
In ea c h o f the
in te r v e n in g y e a r s , in fo r m a tio n on e m p lo y m e n t and o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s is
c o lle c te d b y a c o m b in a tio n o f p e r s o n a l v is it , m a il q u e s tio n n a ire , and t e l e ­
phone in t e r v ie w f r o m e s ta b lis h m e n ts p a r tic ip a tin g in the p r e v io u s s u r v e y .
In ea c h o f the 74 * a r e a s c u r r e n t ly s u r v e y e d , data a r e ob ta in ed fr o m
1
r e p r e s e n ta tiv e e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b ro a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s : M a n u fa c ­
tu rin g ; tr a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le
tr a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r
in d u s try g ro u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th es e s tu d ies a r e g o v e rn m e n t o p e r a tio n s and
the c o n s tru c tio n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s tr ie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a vin g f e w e r than
a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d b e ca u s e o f in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y ­
m en t in the o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied . S e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d f o r each
o f the b ro a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

U n le s s o t h e r w is e in d ic a te d , the e a r n in g s data fo llo w in g the jo b
t it le s a r e f o r a ll in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d .
E a r n in g s data fo r s o m e o f the
o c c u p a tio n s lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u s try d iv is io n s w ith in the
s c o p e o f the s u r v e y , a r e n ot p r e s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s b eca u se
e ith e r (1 ) e m p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data
to m e r it p r e s e n ta tio n , o r (2 ) th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l
e s ta b lis h m e n t d ata.
S e p a ra te m e n 's and w o m e n 's e a rn in g s data a r e n ot
p r e s e n te d w hen the n u m b er o f w o r k e r s not id e n tifie d b y s e x is 20 p e r c e n t
o r m o r e o f the m en o r w o m e n id e n tifie d in an oc c u p a tio n .
E a r n in g s data
n o t shown s e p a r a t e ly f o r in d u s try d iv is io n s a r e in clu d ed in data f o r a ll
in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d .
L ik e w is e , f o r o c c u p a tio n s w ith m o r e than one l e v e l,
data a r e in c lu d e d in the o v e r a l l c la s s ific a t io n w hen a s u b c la s s ific a tio n is
n o t shown o r in fo r m a tio n to s u b c la s s ify is n o t a v a ila b le .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s data a r e shown f o r f u ll- t im e
w o r k e r s , i. e ., th ose h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly sch ed u le.
E a r n in g s
data e x c lu d e p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s ,
and la te s h ifts .
N o n p ro d u c tio n b on u ses a r e ex c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a llo w a n c e s and in c e n tiv e b on u ses a r e in clu d ed .
W e e k ly h ou rs fo r o ffic e
c l e r i c a l and p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l occ u p a tio n s r e f e r to the stan dard
w o rk w e e k ' (rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r) f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e
r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r
an d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ). A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s f o r th es e occu p atio n s a r e
roun ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r . V e r t i c a l lin e s w ith in the d is trib u tio n o f
w o r k e r s on s o m e A - t a b le s in d ic a te a chan ge in the s iz e o f the c la s s in t e r v a ls .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e con du cted on a s a m p le b a s is .
T h e sa m p lin g
p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d e ta ile d s tr a t ific a t io n o f a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the
scop e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y in d u s try and n u m b er o f e m p lo y e e s .
F r o m th is s t r a t ifie d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ilit y s a m p le is s e le c te d , w ith each
e s ta b lis h m e n t h a vin g a p r e d e te r m in e d chan ce o f s e le c tio n . T o ob ta in op tim u m
a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r p r o p o r tio n o f l a r g e than s m a ll e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts is s e le c te d .
W hen data a r e co m b in e d , ea c h e s ta b lis h m e n t is
w e ig h te d a c c o r d in g to its p r o b a b ilit y o f s e le c tio n , so that u n b ia sed e s tim a te s
a r e g e n e ra te d . F o r e x a m p le , i f one out o f fo u r e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c te d ,
it is g iv e n a w e ig h t o f 4 to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f p lus th r e e o th e rs . A n a lte r n a te
o f the s a m e o r ig in a l p r o b a b ility is ch osen in the s a m e in d u s t r y - s iz e c l a s s i ­
fic a tio n i f data a r e n ot a v a ila b le f r o m the o r ig in a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
I f no
su ita b le su b stitu te is a v a ila b le , a d d itio n a l w e ig h t is a s s ig n e d to a s a m p le
m e m b e r that is s im ila r to the m is s in g unit.

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s in an a r e a
at a p a r t ic u la r tim e . C o m p a ris o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
tim e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c te d w a g e c h a n g e s . T h e a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l job s
a r e a ffe c t e d b y ch an ges in w a g e s and e m p lo y m e n t p a tte r n s .
F o r e x a m p le ,
p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y h ig h - o r lo w - w a g e f ir m s m a y ch an ge, o r
h ig h -w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d v a n c e to b e tte r jo b s and be re p la c e d b y new
w o r k e r s a t lo w e r r a te s . Such s h ifts in e m p lo y m e n t cou ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u ­
p a tio n a l a v e r a g e e v e n though m o s t e s ta b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a in c r e a s e w a g e s
d u rin g the y e a r . C h an ges in e a rn in g s o f o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s, shown in ta b le
A - 7 , a r e b e t t e r in d ic a to r s o f w a g e tre n d s than a r e e a rn in g s chan ges f o r
in d iv id u a l jo b s w ith in the g ro u p s .

O ccu p ation s and e a rn in g s
O ccu p a tion s s e le c te d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y o f m a n u fa c ­
tu rin g and n o n m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f the fo llo w in g ty p e s : (1 )
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (2 ) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (3 ) m a in te n a n c e , to o lr o o m ,
and p o w e rp la n t; and (4 ) m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t and c u s to d ia l.
O c c u p a tio n a l
c la s s ific a t io n is b a sed on a u n ifo rm s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d e s ig n e d to take
accou n t o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n in d u ties w ith in the sam e jo b .
O ccu pation s s e le c te d fo r study a r e lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d in a p p en d ix B.

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s r e f le c t c o m p o s ite , a r e a w id e e s tim a te s . In d u s trie s
s ta ffin g , and thus c o n trib u te
a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f le c t
in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts .

1
Included in the 74 areas are 4 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are Akron,
and e s ta b lis h m e n ts d if f e r in p a y l e v e l and jo b
Ohio; Birmingham, A l a . ; Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, Va. —N. C. ; and
d if fe r e n t ly to the e s tim a te s f o r ea c h jo b . P a y
Syracuse, N .Y . In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies in approximately 100 areas at the
request of the Employment Standards Administration o f the U. S. Department o f Labor.
a c c u r a t e ly the w a g e d if fe r e n t ia l am on g jo b s




11

A v e r a g e p a y le v e l s f o r m en and w o m e n in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s should
n o t be a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d if fe r e n c e s in p a y o f the s e x e s w ith in in d iv id u a l
e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
F a c t o r s w h ich m a y c o n trib u te to d if fe r e n c e s in c lu d e p r o ­
g r e s s io n w ith in e s ta b lis h e d r a te ra n g e s (o n ly the r a te s p aid in cu m b en ts a r e
c o lle c t e d ) and p e r fo r m a n c e o f s p e c ific d u ties w ith in the g e n e r a l s u r v e y jo b
d e s c r ip t io n s . Job d e s c r ip tio n s u sed to c l a s s if y e m p lo y e e s in th e s e s u r v e y s
u s u a lly a r e m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th o s e u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts
and a llo w f o r m in o r d if fe r e n c e s am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts in s p e c ific d u ties
p e r fo r m e d .

E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g

S k ille d m a in te n a n c e

C o m p u te r s y s te m s
a n a ly s ts , c la s s e s
A , B, and C
C o m p u te r p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c la s s e s A , B, and C
C o m p u te r o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s e s A , B, and C

C a r p e n te r s
E le c t r ic ia n s
P a in t e r s
M a c h in is ts
M e c h a n ic s (m a c h in e r y )
M e c h a n ic s (m o to r v e h ic le )
P ip e f it t e r s
T o o l and d ie m a k e r s

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a ll e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e o f the study and n o t the n u m b e r a c tu a lly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e s am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts d if fe r , e s tim a te s o f
o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d f r o m the s a m p le o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied
s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te the r e la t iv e im p o rta n c e o f the jo b s stu d ied .
These
d if fe r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e do n ot a f f e c t m a t e r ia lly the a c c u r a c y o f
the e a r n in g s data.

In d u s tr ia l n u rs e s

U n s k ille d p lan t

R e g is t e r e d in d u s tr ia l
n u rs e s

J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and
c le a n e r s
M a t e r ia l h a n d lin g la b o r e r s

W a g e tr e n d s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l gro u p s
T h e p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s p r e s e n te d in ta b le A - 7 a r e b a s e d on ch an ges
in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f m en and w o m e n in e s ta b lis h m e n ts r e p o r tin g the
tr e n d jo b s in both the c u r r e n t and p r e v io u s y e a r (m a tc h e d e s ta b lis h m e n ts ).
T h e data a r e a d ju s te d to r e m o v e the e ffe c t s on a v e r a g e e a rn in g s o f e m p lo y ­
m e n t s h ifts a m on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts and tu r n o v e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts in c lu d e d
in s u r v e y s a m p le s .
T h e p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a r e s t ill a ffe c t e d b y
fa c t o r s o th e r than w a g e in c r e a s e s . H ir in g s , la y o ffs , and tu r n o v e r m a y a ffe c t
an e s ta b lis h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an o c c u p a tio n w hen w o r k e r s a r e p a id u n d e r plan s
p r o v id in g a ra n g e o f w a g e r a te s f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s . In p e r io d s o f in c r e a s e d
h ir in g , f o r e x a m p le , n e w e m p lo y e e s m a y e n te r at th e b o tto m o f the ra n g e ,
d e p r e s s in g the a v e r a g e w ith o u t a chan ge in w a g e r a t e s .
T h e p e r c e n t c h a n g e s r e la t e to w a g e c h a n ges b e tw e e n th e in d ic a te d
d a te s . W h en the t im e span b e tw e e n s u r v e y s is o th e r than 12 m on th s, annual
r a te s a r e shown,
( i t is a s s u m e d that w a g e s in c r e a s e at a con stan t r a te
b e tw e e n s u r v e y s .)
O c c u p a tio n s u s e d to com p u te w a g e tr e n d s a r e :

O f f ic e c l e r i c a l

O r d e r c le r k s
A c c o u n tin g c le r k s ,
c la s s e s A and B
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e
o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B
P a y r o l l c le r k s
K eyp u n ch o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s e s A and B

a r e a s in the p r o g r a m a r e

com p u ted

1.

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s a r e c om p u ted f o r ea c h occ u p a tio n f o r
the 2 y e a r s b e in g c o m p a r e d . T h e a v e r a g e s a r e d e r iv e d
f r o m e a r n in g s in th o s e e s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ich a r e in
the s u r v e y both y e a r s ; i t is a s s u m e d th at e m p lo y m e n t
r e m a in s un ch an ged .

2.

E a c h o c c u p a tio n is a s s ig n e d a w e ig h t b a s e d on its p r o ­
p o r tio n a te e m p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p in the
base y e a r.

3.

T h e s e w e ig h ts a r e u sed to com p u te g ro u p a v e r a g e s .
E a c h o c c u p a tio n 's a v e r a g e e a r n in g s (c o m p u te d in step 1)
is m u ltip lie d b y its w e ig h t. T h e p ro d u c ts a r e to ta le d to
o b ta in a g ro u p a v e r a g e .

4.

T h e r a tio o f g ro u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s is
com p u ted b y d iv id in g th e a v e r a g e f o r the c u r r e n t y e a r b y
the a v e r a g e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r . T h e r e s u lt— e x p r e s s e d
as a p e r c e n t— le s s 100 is the p e r c e n t c h a n ge.

F o r a m o r e d e ta ile d d e s c r ip t io n o f th e m eth o d u s e d to com p u te th e s e
w a g e tr e n d s , s e e " I m p r o v in g A r e a W a g e S u r v e y In d e x e s , " M o n th ly L a b o r
R e v ie w , J a n u a ry 1973, pp. 5 2 -5 7 .
_

O f f ic e c l e r i c a l — C ontinu ed

S e c r e t a r ie s
S ten o g ra p h e rs , g en e ra l
S t e n o g r a p h e r s , s e n io r
T y p is t s , c la s s e s A and B
F i l e c le r k s , c la s s e s A ,
B, and C
M essen g ers
S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s

P e r c e n t c h a n ges f o r in d iv i
as fo llo w s :

E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s




T a b u la tio n s on s e le c te d e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry
w a g e p r o v is io n s ( B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) a r e n o t p r e s e n te d in th is b u lle tin . I n f o r ­
m a tio n f o r th e s e ta b u la tio n s is c o lle c t e d a t 3 - y e a r in t e r v a ls .
T h e s e ta b u ­
la tio n s on m in im u m e n tr a n c e s a la r ie s f o r in e x p e r ie n c e d o f f ic e w o r k e r s ; s h ift
d if fe r e n t ia ls ; s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs and d a y s; p a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a tio n s ;
and h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p lan s a r e p r e s e n te d (in the B - s e r i e s t a b le s )
in p r e v io u s b u lle tin s f o r th is a r e a .

A ppendix ta b le 1. Establishm ents and w orkers w ith in scope of survey and num ber studied
in Y ork, P a .,1 February 1977
I n d u s tr y d iv is io n 2

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s ta b lis h m e n ts in scope
o f s tu d y

W ith in scope o f stu d y 4
W ith in scope
o f s tu d y

Num ber

P e rc e n t

372

115

7 2 ,1 1 3

loo

4 1 ,5 0 7

231

67
48

5 3 ,1 0 9
1 9 ,0 0 4

74
26

3 2 ,3 1 5
9 ,1 9 2

5u

26
14
65
13
23

13

4 ,5 6 2
1 ,6 5 5
9 ,1 3 6
1 ,7 8 1

6
2

14
5
10

1,866

3 ,0 0 7
978
3 ,5 6 7
827
813

50
50
50
50

141

1 T h e Y o rk S ta n d a rd M e tr o p o lita n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d by th e O ffic e
o f M a n a g e m e n t and B u d g e t th ro u g h F e b r u a r y 1974, c o n s is ts o f A d a m s and Y o rk
C o u n tie s .
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in scope o f s tu d y " e s tim a te s show n in th is ta b le p r o ­
v id e a re a s o n a b ly a c c u r a te d e s c r ip tio n o f th e s iz e and c o m p o s itio n o f th e la b o r
fo r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u rv e y .
E s tim a te s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r, f o r c o m p a ris o n
w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s to m e a s u re e m p lo y m e n t tre n d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1)
p la n n in g o f w age s u rv e y s r e q u ire s e s ta b lis h m e n t da ta c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in a d ­
v a n ce o f th e p a y r o ll p e r io d s tu d ie d , and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d
f r o m th e scope o f th e s u rv e y .
2 T h e 1972 e d itio n o f th e S ta n d a rd I n d u s t r ia l C la s s if ic a tio n M a n u a l w as used
in c la s s if y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n .
H o w e v e r, a l l g o v e rn m e n t o p e r ­
a tio n s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e scope o f th e s u rv e y .
3 In c lu d e s a l l e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith t o ta l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r above th e m in im u m
lim it a t io n .
A l l o u tle ts ( w ith in th e a re a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in in d u s tr ie s su c h as tra d e ,
fin a n c e , au to r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tio n p ic tu r e th e a te rs a re c o n s id e re d as 1
e s ta b lis h m e n t.




S tudied

S tudied

SO
“

ALL DIVISIONS ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------------------------------TRANSPORTATION, c o m m u n i c a t i o n , AND
o t h e r PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5 ---------------------------------------w h o l e s a l e ; t r a d e 6 --------------------------------------------------------RETAIL TRADE a --------------------------------------------------------------FINANCE, INSURANCf, a n d REAL ESTATE 6 -------------SERVICES6 7------------------------------------------------------------------------

W o r k e rs in e s ta b lis h m e n ts

N u m b e r of e s ta b lis h m e n ts

6

13
2

3

4 In c lu d e s a l l w o r k e r s in a l l e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t ( w ith in
th e a re a ) a t o r above the m in im u m lim it a tio n .
5 A b b re v ia te d to " p u b lic u t il it ie s " in th e A - s e r ie s
ta b le s .
T a x ic a b s and
s e r v ic e s in c id e n ta l to w a te r t r a n s p o r ta t io n a r e e xclu d e d .
6 T h is d iv is io n is r e p re s e n te d in e s tim a te s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and " n o n ­
m a n u fa c tu rin g " in th e A - s e r ie s ta b le s .
S e p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n o f da ta is not m ade
f o r one o r m o re o f th e fo llo w in g re a s o n s :
(1) E m p lo y m e n t is to o s m a ll to p ro v id e
enough data to m e r i t s e p a ra te s tu d y , (2) th e s a m p le w a s n o t d e s ig n e d in i t i a l l y to
p e r m it s e p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) re s p o n s e w as in s u ff ic ie n t o r in a d e q u a te to p e r m it
s e p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s ta b ­
lis h m e n t data.
7 H o te ls and m o te ls ; la u n d r ie s and o th e r p e rs o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ;
a u to m o b ile r e p a ir , r e n ta l, and p a r k in g ; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e rs h ip
o r g a n iz a tio n s ( e x c lu d in g r e lig io u s and c h a r ita b le o r g a n iz a tio n s ) ; and e n g in e e rin g and
a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .

13

Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r ip tio n s f o r the B u ­
r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s is to a s s is t its f ie ld s ta ff in c la s s ify in g in to a p p r o ­
p r ia t e o c c u p a tio n s w o r k e r s w ho a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o ll
t it le s and d iffe r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n ts f r o m e s ta b lis h m e n t to e s t a b lis h ­
m en t and f r o m a r e a to a r e a . T h is p e r m it s the g ro u p in g o f o c c u p a tio n a l
w a g e r a te s r e p r e s e n tin g c o m p a r a b le jo b c on ten t. B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a ­
s is on in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t and in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ilit y o f o c c u p a tio n a l
c on ten t, the B u re a u 's jo b d e s c r ip tio n s m a y d if f e r s ig n ific a n t ly f r o m th o s e
in u se in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts o r th o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g th e s e jo b d e s c r ip tio n s , the B u re a u 's f ie ld e c o n o m is ts a r e
in s tr u c te d to e x c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p r e n tic e s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g in ­
n e r s ; and p a r t - t im e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s . H a n d ic a p p e d
w o r k e r s w h o s e e a r n in g s a r e red u c e d b e ca u s e o f th e ir h a n d icap a r e a ls o
e x c lu d e d .
T r a in e e s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the s u r v e y e x c e p t f o r th ose r e ­
c e iv in g o n - th e - jo b tr a in in g in s o m e o f the lo w e r l e v e l p r o fe s s io n a l and
te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s .

Office
SECRETARY

S E C R E T A R Y — C on tin u ed

A s s ig n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to one in d iv id u a l. M a in ­
ta in s a c lo s e and h ig h ly r e s p o n s iv e r e la tio n s h ip to the d a y - t o - d a y w o r k o f the
s u p e r v is o r .
W o r k s f a i r l y in d e p e n d e n tly r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e ta ile d
s u p e r v is io n and g u id a n c e . P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l d u tie s ,
u s u a lly in c lu d in g m o s t o f the f o llo w in g :

M a y a ls o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l ta s k s o f c o m p a ra b le
n a tu re and d iffic u lt y . T h e w o r k t y p ic a lly r e q u ir e s k n o w le d g e o f o ffic e rou tin e
and u n d e rs ta n d in g o f the o r g a n iz a tio n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e la te d to
the w o r k o f the s u p e r v is o r .

E x c lu s io n s
a. R e c e iv e s te le p h o n e c a lls , p e r s o n a l c a lle r s , and in c o m in g m a il,
a n s w e r s r o u tin e ' in q u ir ie s , and ro u te s te c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s to the p r o p e r
p e rs o n s ;
b.
c.
in s tr u c te d ;

E s ta b lis h e s ,

m a in ta in s ,

and r e v is e s the

M a in ta in s the s u p e r v is o r 's

s u p e r v is o r 's f i l e s ;

c a le n d a r and m a k e s ap p oin tm en ts as

N o t a l l p o s itio n s that a r e tit le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the a b o v e c h a r ­
a c t e r is t ic s . E x a m p le s o f p o s itio n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the d e fin itio n a r e
as fo llo w s :
a. P o s itio n s w h ich
d e s c r ib e d a b o v e ;
b.

d.

R e la y s m e s s a g e s f r o m

s u p e r v is o r to s u b o rd in a te s ;

e . R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , and r e p o r ts p r e p a r e d b y
o th e r s f o r the s u p e r v is o r 's s ig n a tu re to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and ty p o g ra p h ic
accu racy;
f.

P e r fo r m s




s te n o g r a p h ic and ty p in g w o r k .

s io n a l,

do

not m eet

the " p e r s o n a l "

s e c re ta ry

c o n ce p t

S te n o g ra p h e rs n o t f u lly tr a in e d in s e c r e t a r i a l - t y p e d u tie s ;

c . S te n o g ra p h e rs s e r v in g as o f f ic e a s s is ta n ts to a gro u p o f p r o f e s ­
te c h n ic a l, o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ;

d. S e c r e t a r y p o s itio n s in w h ich the d u tie s a r e e ith e r s u b s ta n tia lly
m o r e ro u tin e o r s u b s ta n tia lly m o r e c o m p le x and r e s p o n s ib le that th o s e c h a r ­
a c t e r iz e d in the d e fin itio n ;

S E C R E T A R Y — C ontinu ed

S E C R E T A R Y — C ontinu ed
C la s s C

E x c lu s io n s — C ontinu ed

e.
A s s is t a n t - t y p e p o s itio n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e
1. S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e rs o n w h o s e r e s p o n ­
r e s p o n s ib le te c h n ic a l, a d m in is t r a t iv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c l e r i c a l
s ib ilit y is not e q u iv a le n t to on e o f the s p e c ific l e v e l situ a tio n s in th e d e fin itio n
d u ties w h ich a r e not t y p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r ia l w o rk .
f o r c la s s B , but w h ose o r g a n iz a tio n a l unit n o r m a lly n u m b e rs at le a s t s e v e r a l
d o z e n e m p lo y e e s and is u s u a lly d iv id e d in to o r g a n iz a tio n a l s e g m e n ts w h ich a r e
o fte n , in tu rn , fu r th e r s u b d ivid e d .
In s om e c o m p a n ie s , th is l e v e l in c lu d e s a
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u sed in the l e v e l d e fin itio n s
w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n iz a tio n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly one o r tw o ; o r
fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to th o s e o f f ic ia ls who h a ve a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a te w id e
p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r c o m p a n y a c t iv it ie s .
T h e t it le " v ic e
2. S e c r e t a r y to th e head o f an in d iv id u a l p lant, fa c t o r y , e tc . (o r
p r e s i d e n t , " though n o r m a lly in d ic a tiv e o f th is r o le , d oes n ot in a ll c a s e s
o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r than 5 ,00 0
id e n tify such p o s itio n s .
V ic e p r e s id e n ts w h o s e p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y is to
p erso n s.
a ct p e r s o n a lly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r tr a n s a c tio n s (e . g . , a p p ro v e o r deny
in d iv id u a l loan o r c r e d it a c tio n s ; a d m in is te r in d iv id u a l tr u s t a c c o u n ts ; d ir e c t ly
C la s s D
s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l s ta ff) a r e not c o n s id e r e d to be " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r
1. S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v is o r o r head o f a s m a ll o r g a n iz a tio n a l unit
p u rp o s e s o f a p p ly in g the fo llo w in g l e v e l d e fin itio n s .
(e . g . , f e w e r than about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ); o £
C la s s A
1. S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f the b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t o f a com p a n y
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

2. S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s t a f f s p e c ia lis t, p r o fe s s io n a l
e m p lo y e e , a d m in is tr a tiv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s is ta n t, s k ille d te c h n ic ia n , o r e x p e r t.
(N O T E :
M an y c o m p a n ie s a s s ig n s te n o g r a p h e r s , r a th e r than s e c r e t a r ie s as
d e s c r ib e d a b o v e , to th is l e v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)
STENO G RAPH ER

2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r than the c h a ir m a n o f the
b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t) o f a c om p a n y th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but f e w e r
than 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to the h ead , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w the c o r p o r a t e o f f ic e r
l e v e l , o f a m a jo r s e g m e n t o r s u b s id ia r y o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll,
o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .*
5
4
3
2
1

C la s s B

P r i m a r y duty is to ta k e d ic ta tio n u sin g sh orth an d , and to tr a n s c r ib e
th e d ic ta tio n .
M a y a ls o ty p e fr o m w r itte n c o p y .
M a y o p e r a te fr o m a s te n o ­
g ra p h ic p o o l.
M a y o c c a s io n a lly t r a n s c r ib e fr o m v o ic e r e c o r d in g s ( i f p r im a r y
duty is t r a n s c r ib in g f r o m r e c o r d in g s , s e e T r a n s c r ib in g - M a c h in e T y p is t ).
N O T E : T h is jo b is d is tin g u is h e d f r o m th at o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a lly w o r k s in a c o n fid e n t ia l r e la tio n s h ip w ith on ly one m a n a g e r
o r e x e c u tiv e and p e r f o r m s m o r e r e s p o n s ib le and d is c r e t io n a r y ta s k s as
d e s c r ib e d in th e s e c r e t a r y jo b d e fin itio n .

1. S e c r e t a r y to the c h a ir m a n o f the b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t o f a c o m p a n y
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, f e w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a te o f f i c e r (o th e r than the c h a ir m a n o f the
b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r
than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to the h ead , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w th e o f f i c e r l e v e l , o v e r
e ith e r a m a jo r c o r p o r a tio n w id e fu n c tio n a l a c t iv it y (e . g . , m a r k e tin g , r e s e a r c h ,
o p e r a tio n s , in d u s tr ia l r e la t io n s , e t c .) o r a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a tio n a l
s e g m e n t (e . g . , a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a rte r s ; a m a jo r d iv is io n ) o f a com p a n y th at
e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but f e w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p lo y e e s ; o r
4. S e c r e t a r y to th e head o f an in d iv id u a l p lant, f a c t o r y , e tc . (o r
o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
5. S e c r e t a r y to th e head o f a la r g e and im p o rta n t o r g a n iz a tio n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v is o r o f an o r g a n iz a tio n a l s e g m e n t
o fte n in v o lv in g as m a n y as s e v e r a l hundred p e r s o n s ) o r a com p a n y that
e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .




S te n o g ra p h e r, G e n e r a l

keep

D ic ta tio n in v o lv e s a n o r m a l ro u tin e v o c a b u la r y .
M a y m a in ta in f i l e s ,
s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t i v e l y rou tin e c l e r i c a l ta s k s .
S te n o g ra p h e r, S e n io r

D ic ta tio n in v o lv e s a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l d r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such
as in le g a l b r ie f s o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h .
M a y a ls o set up and
m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e tc .
OR
P e r f o r m s s te n o g ra p h ic d u ties r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n tly g r e a t e r in d e ­
p en d en ce and r e s p o n s ib ilit y than s te n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l, as e v id e n c e d by the
fo llo w in g :
W o rk r e q u ir e s a high d e g r e e o f s te n o g ra p h ic sp eed and a c c u r a c y ;
a th orou g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s and o ffic e p r o c e d u r e ; and
o f the s p e c ific b u s in e s s o p e r a tio n s , o r g a n iz a tio n , p o lic ie s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k flo w , e tc .
U s e s th is k n o w le d g e in p e r fo r m in g s te n o g ra p h ic d u tie s and
r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l ta s k s such as m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b lin g
m a t e r ia l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d a , and l e t t e r s ; c o m p o s in g s im p le le t t e r s
f r o m g e n e r a l in s tr u c tio n s ; r e a d in g and ro u tin g in c o m in g m a il; and a n s w e r in g
ro u tin e q u e s tio n s , e tc .

T R A N S C R IB IN G - M A C H IN E T Y P I S T

M ESSENGER

P r i m a r y d u ty is to tr a n s c r ib e d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l ro u tin e
v o c a b u la r y f r o m t r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s . M a y a ls o typ e f r o m w r itte n
c o p y and do s im p le c l e r i c a l w o r k . W o r k e r s t r a n s c r ib in g d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g
a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such as le g a l b r ie f s o r r e p o r ts
on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h a r e n o t in c lu d e d . A w o r k e r w h o ta k e s d ic ta tio n in
sh orth an d o r b y S ten oty p e o r s im ila r m a c h in e is c la s s if ie d as a s te n o g r a p h e r .

P e r f o r m s v a r io u s ro u tin e d u tie s such as running e r r a n d s , o p e r a tin g
m in o r o f f ic e m a c h in e s such as s e a le r s o r m a i l e r s , o p en in g and d is tr ib u tin g
m a il, and o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x c lu d e p o s itio n s th at r e q u ir e o p e r a tio n
o f a m otor* v e h ic le as a s ig n ific a n t duty.

T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls o r to m a k e
ou t b i l l s a ft e r c a lc u la tio n s h a v e b een m a d e b y a n o th er p e r s o n . M a y in clu d ety p in g o f s t e n c ils , m a ts , o r s im ila r m a t e r ia ls f o r u se in d u p lic a tin g p r o c ­
esses.
M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g l i t t l e s p e c ia l tr a in in g , such as
k e e p in g s im p le r e c o r d s , f ilin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r tin g and d is trib u tin g
in c o m in g m a il.
C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w in g : T y p in g m a t e r ia l
in fin a l f o r m w hen i t in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r ia l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r c o r r e c t s p e llin g , s y lla b ic a t io n , p u nctu ation , e tc ., o f t e c h ­
n ic a l o r unusual w o r d s o r f o r e ig n la n gu a ge m a t e r ia l; o r p lan n in g la y o u t and
ty p in g o f c o m p lic a te d s t a t is t ic a l ta b le s to m a in ta in u n ifo r m it y and b a la n c e in
s p a c in g . M a y ty p e ro u tin e f o r m le t t e r s , v a r y in g d e ta ils to suit c ir c u m s ta n c e s .
C la s s B.
P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : C o p y ty p in g f r o m
rou g h o r c l e a r d r a ft s ; o r ro u tin e ty p in g o f fo r m s , in s u r a n c e p o lic ie s , e tc .;
o r s e ttin g up s im p le s ta n d a rd ta b u la tio n s ; o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s
a lr e a d y s e t up and s p a c ed p r o p e r ly .

F IL E C L E R K
F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r ia l in an e s ta b lis h e d f ilin g
s y s te m . M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and m an u a l ta s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in f i l e s .
P o s it io n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A .
C l a s s if ie s and in d e x e s f i l e m a t e r ia l such as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , te c h n ic a l d o c u m e n ts , e tc ., in an e s ta b lis h e d f ilin g s y s te m
c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a tte r f i l e s .
M a y a ls o f i l e th is
m a t e r ia l.
M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p e s in c o n ju n c tio n w ith the f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a ll g ro u p o f lo w e r l e v e l f i l e c le r k s .
C la s s B.
S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l b y s im p le
(s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d in g s o r p a r t ly c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l b y f in e r su b h ead in gs.
P r e p a r e s s im p le r e la t e d in d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s .
A s re q u e s te d ,
lo c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n t ifie d m a t e r ia l in f i l e s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l.
M ay
p e r fo r m
r e la te d c l e r i c a l ta s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v ic e f i l e s .
C la s s C .
P e r f o r m s ro u tin e f ilin g o f m a t e r ia l that h a s a lr e a d y b een
c l a s s i fi e d o r w h ich is e a s ily c la s s ifie d in a s im p le s e r ia l c la s s ific a t io n
s y s te m (e . g . , a lp h a b e tic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r n u m e r ic a l).
As
r e q u e s te d ,
lo c a t e s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a t e r ia l in f i l e s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia ls ; and m a y
f i l l out w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e .
M a y p e r f o r m s im p le c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l ta s k s
r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v ic e f i l e s .




S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le u s e d w ith a p r iv a t e
b ra n c h e x c h a n g e (P B X ) s y s te m to r e l a y in c o m in g , o u tg o in g , and in t r a s y s t e m
c a lls .
M a y p r o v id e in fo r m a tio n to c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and tr a n s m it m e s s a g e s ,
k e e p r e c o r d o f c a lls p la c e d and t o l l c h a r g e s . B e s id e s o p e r a tin g a te le p h o n e
s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le , m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r f o r m ro u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k
(ty p in g o r ro u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y o c c u p y th e m a jo r p o r tio n o f th e w o r k e r 's
t im e , and is u s u a lly p e r f o r m e d w h ile at th e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le ). C h ie f
o r le a d o p e r a t o r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one o p e r a t o r a r e
e x c lu d e d . F o r an o p e r a t o r who a ls o a c ts as a r e c e p t io n is t , s e e S w itc h b o a r d
O p e r a t o r - R e c e p t io n is t .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T
A t a s in g le - p o s it io n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le , a c ts both as
an o p e r a t o r — s e e S w itc h b o a r d O p e r a t o r — and as a r e c e p t io n is t . R e c e p t io n is t 's
w o r k in v o lv e s such d u tie s as g r e e t in g v i s i t o r s ; d e te r m in in g n a tu re o f v i s i t o r 's
b u s in e s s and p r o v id in g a p p r o p r ia t e in fo r m a tio n ; r e f e r r i n g v i s i t o r to a p p r o ­
p r ia t e p e r s o n in the o r g a n iz a tio n o r c o n ta c tin g th at p e r s o n b y te le p h o n e and
a r r a n g in g an a p p o in tm e n t; k e e p in g a lo g o f v i s i t o r s .
ORDER C LE R K
R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a il,
phone, o r p e r s o n a lly .
D u tie s in v o lv e an y c o m b in a tio n o f the f o l l o w i n g :
Q u oting p r ic e s to c u s to m e r s ; m a k in g ou t an o r d e r s h e e t lis t in g the ite m s to
m a k e up the o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r ic e s and q u a n titie s o f ite m s on o r d e r s h e e t;
and d is tr ib u tin g o r d e r s h e e ts to r e s p e c t iv e d e p a rtm e n ts to be f i l l e d .
M ay
c h e c k w ith c r e d it d e p a rtm e n t to d e te r m in e c r e d i t r a tin g o f c u s to m e r , a c k n o w l­
e d g e r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s to m e r s , f o llo w up o r d e r s to s e e th at th e y
h a v e b e en f ille d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and c h e c k ship p ing in v o ic e s
w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .
A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K
P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e a c c o u n tin g c l e r i c a l ta s k s such as p o s tin g to
r e g i s t e r s and le d g e r s ; r e c o n c ilin g bank a c c o u n ts ; v e r i f y i n g the in t e r n a l c o n ­
s is te n c y , c o m p le t e n e s s , and m a th e m a tic a l a c c u r a c y o f accou n tin g d o c u m e n ts ;
a s s ig n in g p r e s c r ib e d a c c o u n tin g d is tr ib u t io n c o d e s ; e x a m in in g and v e r if y i n g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a lc u la tio n s , p o s tin g ,
e t c .; o r p r e p a r in g s im p le o r a s s is tin g in p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p lic a te d jo u r n a l
vou ch ers.
M a y w o r k in e it h e r a m a n u a l o r a u to m a te d ac c ou n tin g s y s te m .
T h e w o r k r e q u ir e s a k n o w le d g e o f c l e r i c a l m eth o d s and o f f i c e p r a c ­
t ic e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h ich r e la t e s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s in g and r e c o r d in g
o f tr a n s a c tio n s and a c c o u n tin g in fo r m a tio n .
W ith e x p e r ie n c e , the w o r k e r
t y p ic a lly b e c o m e s f a m i l ia r w ith the b o o k k e e p in g and accou n tin g t e r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in the a s s ig n e d w o r k , but is n o t r e q u ir e d to h a ve a k n o w le d g e
o f the f o r m a l p r in c ip le s o f b o o k k e e p in g and a c c o u n tin g .
P o s it io n s
d e fin itio n s :

are

c la s s i fi e d

in to

le v e ls

on

the b a s is

of

the

fo llo w in g

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K — C ontinu ed

M A C H IN E B I L L E R — C ontinu ed

C lass A .
U n de r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s ac coun ting c l e r i c a l
o p e r a t i o n s w h ich r e q u i r e the a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r i e n c e and j u d g m e n t , f o r
e x a m p l e , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s i n g c o m p l i c a t e d o r n o n r e p e t i t i v e ac c ou n ting t r a n s ­
ac tio n s , s e l e c t i n g am on g a su b s tan tia l v a r i e t y o f p r e s c r i b e d ac c ou n ting c o d e s
and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c i n g t r a n s a c t i o n s th rough p r e v i o u s accounting
actions to d e t e r m i n e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M a y be a s s i s t e d by one o r
m o r e c l a s s B a ccoun ting c l e r k s .

B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h i n e b i l l e r . U s e s a b oo k k e e p in g m ac h in e (w ith o r
withou t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s as p a r t o f the
accoun ts r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t i o n .
G e n e r a l l y i n v o l v e s the s im u ltaneo us e n t r y o f
f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u la te s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c olu m n s and c om p u te s and u s u a lly p rin ts
a u t o m a t i c a l l y the d e b it o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s .
D oe s not i n v o l v e a k n o w le d g e
o f b o o k k e e p in g .
Works fro m
u n i fo r m and standard ty p es o f s a le s and
c r e d i t s li p s .

C l a s s B.
Un der c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d in s t r u c t i o n s
and s ta n d a r d i z e d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e routine a ccoun ting c l e r ­
i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , such as p os tin g to l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e
i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f i t e m s and lo c a t i o n s o f p o s tin g s a r e c l e a r l y i n d ic a te d ; c h e c k in g
a c c u r a c y and c o m p l e t e n e s s o f s t a n d a r d i z e d and r e p e t i t i v e r e c o r d s o r
ac coun ting d o c u m e n ts ; and c o d i n g
d o c u m e n ts using a f e w p r e s c r i b e d
ac coun ting c o d e s .

PA Y R O LL CLERK

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b oo k k e e p in g m a c h in e (w ith o r with ou t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y ­
b o a r d ) to k e ep a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s .
C lass A .
K e e p s a set o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w le d g e o f and
e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c b oo k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m i l i a r i t y w ith the s tr u c tu r e
o f the p a r t i c u l a r ac coun ting s y s t e m us e d .
D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d i s tr i b u t i o n o f d e b it and c r e d i t i t e m s to be used in e a c h phas e o f the w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l i d a t e d r e p o r t s , b ala n ce s h e e ts , and ot h e r r e c o r d s by hand.

C l a s s B.
K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e phas e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a
set o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly r e q u i r i n g l i t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b oo k k e e p in g . P h a s e s
o r s e ctio n s in clu d e ac coun ts p a y a b le , p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' ac cou nts (not
includ in g a s i m p l e typ e o f b i l l i n g d e s c r i b e d un der m ac h in e b i l l e r ) , c o s t d i s ­
tr ib u tio n , e x p e n s e d is tr ib u t io n , i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e tc .
M ay check or assist
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l she e ts f o r the accounting
departm ent.

C o m p u te s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s and e n t e r s the n e c e s s a r y
data on the p a y r o l l s h e e ts .
D utie s i n v o l v e :
C a l c u l a ti n g w o r k e r s ' e a r n in g s
b a s e d on t i m e o r p ro d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; and p o s tin g c a l c u l a t e d data on p a y r o l l
s h e e t, showin g i n f o r m a t i o n such as w o r k e r ' s n a m e , w o r k i n g d ay s, t i m e , r a te ,
d e d u ction s f o r in s u r a n c e , and t o t a l w a g e s due.
M a y m a k e out p a y c h e c k s and
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g up and d is t r i b u t i n g pay e n v e l o p e s .
M a y use a
c a l c u l a ti n g m a c h in e .
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
O p e r a t e s a keypun ch m a c h in e to r e c o r d o r v e r i f y alphabetic and/or
n u m e r i c data on ta b ula ting c a r d s o r on tap e .
Positions
d e fin ition s .

are

c la s s ifie d

into

levels

on

the

b a s is o f the f o l l o w i n g

C lass A .
W o r k r e q u i r e s the a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r i e n c e and jud g m ent
in s e l e c t i n g p r o c e d u r e s to be f o l l o w e d and in s e a r c h i n g f o r , i n t e r p r e t i n g ,
s e l e c t i n g , o r c o d in g i t e m s to be keyp unch ed f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s o u r c e d o c u ­
m ents.
On o c c a s i o n m a y a l s o p e r f o r m s o m e routin e keypunch w o r k .
May
t r a i n i n e x p e r i e n c e d keypun ch o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B.
W o r k is r ou tin e and r e p e t i t i v e .
Under c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n
o r f o l l o w i n g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t i o n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r i o u s s ta n ­
d a r d i z e d s o u r c e d oc u m e n ts w h ich have b een c o d e d , and f o l l o w s s p e c i f i e d
p r o c e d u r e s w h ich have b e en p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a i l and r e q u i r e l i t t l e o r no
s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r i n t e r p r e t i n g o f data to be r e c o r d e d . R e f e r s to s u p e r v i s o r
p ro b lem s a r is in g fr o m e rro n eo u s ite m s o r codes or m iss in g inform ation.

M A C H IN E B IL L E R
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A TO R
P r e p a r e s s ta te m e n ts , b i l l s , and i n v o i c e s on a m ac h in e o t h e r than an
ord in ary or e lectro m atic ty p ew rite r.
M a y a ls o k e ep r e c o r d s as to b i l l i n g s
o r shipping c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l w o r k in c id e n ta l to b i l l i n g
operation s.
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e b i l l e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d by ty pe
o f m a c h i n e , as f o l l o w s :

B illin g-m a ch in e b i l l e r .
U s e s a s p e c i a l b i l l i n g m ac h in e ( c o m b in a tio n
ty p in g and adding m a c h in e ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s and i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s '
p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , i n t e r n a l l y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , shipping m e m o r a n d a , etc.
U s u a l l y i n v o l v e s a p p lic a tio n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d is counts and shipping c h a r g e s
and e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , which m a y o r m a y not be com p uted on
the b i l l i n g m a c h i n e , and t o ta l s which a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u la te d by
m achine.
T h e o p e r a t i o n u s u a lly i n v o l v e s a l a r g e nu m b er o f c a r b o n c o p i e s
o f the b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d and is ofte n done on a fan fo ld m a c h in e .




O p e r a t e s one o r a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n e s such as the ta b u la tor , c a l c u ­
l a t o r , c o l l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g punch, e tc .
E x c lu d e d f r o m
th is d e fin itio n a r e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s .
A l s o e x c lu d e d a r e o p e r a t o r s o f
e l e c t r o n i c d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r s , e v e n though th ey m a y a l s o o p e r a t e e l e c t r i c
ac coun ting m a c h in e e q u ip m en t.
Positio n s
d e fi n i t i o n s .

are

c la s s ifie d

into

levels

on the

b a s is o f the f o l l o w i n g

C lass A .
P e r f o r m s c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g and ta bulating a s s i g n m e n t s
in c lu d in g d e v i s i n g d i f f i c u l t c o n t r o l p a n e l w i r i n g un der g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n .
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e a v a r i e t y o f lon g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s which
often a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g , r e q u i r i n g s o m e planning o f the nature
and s e qu e n c in g o f o p e r a t i o n s , and the use o f a v a r i e t y of m a c h i n e s .
Is

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R — C ontinu ed

T A B U L A T IN G - M A C H IN E O P E R A T OR— C ontinue d

t y p ic a lly in v o lv e d in t r a in in g n ew o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a tio n s o r tr a in in g
lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s and in the o p e r a tin g s e q u e n c e s
o f lo n g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s not in c lu d e p o s itio n s in w h ich w ir in g
r e s p o n s ib ilit y is lim it e d to s e le c tio n and in s e r tio n o f p r e w ir e d b o a r d s .

th e ta b u la to r and c a lc u la t o r , in a d d itio n to the s im p le r m a c h in e s u s e d by
c la s s C o p e r a t o r s .
M a y be r e q u ir e d to do s o m e w ir in g fr o m d ia g r a m s .
M a y t r a in n ew e m p lo y e e s in b a s ic m a c h in e o p e r a tio n s .
C la s s C . U n d er s p e c ific in s tr u c tio n s , o p e r a te s s im p le ta b u la tin g
o r e l e c t r i c a l ac c ou n tin g m a c h in e s such as the s o r t e r , in t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c in g
punch, c o lla t o r , e tc .
A s s ig n m e n ts t y p ic a lly in v o lv e p o r tio n s o f a w o r k u n it,
f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r tin g o r c o lla t in g ru n s, o r r e p e t it iv e o p e r a tio n s .
M ay p e rfo r m
s im p le w ir in g fr o m d ia g r a m s , and do s om e f i lin g w o r k .

C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d in g to e s ta b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and
u n der s p e c ific in s tr u c tio n s .
A s s ig n m e n ts t y p ic a lly in v o lv e c o m p le te but r o u ­
tin e and r e c u r r in g r e p o r t s o r p a r ts o f la r g e r and m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a te s m o r e d iffic u lt ta b u la tin g .o r e l e c t r i c a l ac c ou n tin g m a c h in e s such as

Professional and Technical
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U S IN E S S

C O M PU TE R SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T ,

A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b le m s to fo r m u la te p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g
th e m b y u se o f e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e q u ip m en t.
D e v e lo p s a c o m p le te
d e s c r ip tio n o f a l l s p e c ific a tio n s n e e d e d to en a b le p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u ir e d d ig it a l c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g ;
A n a ly z e s s u b je c t - m a t te r o p e r a tio n s to be au tom a ted and id e n tifie s c o n d itio n s
and c r i t e r i a r e q u ir e d to a c h ie v e s a t is fa c t o r y r e s u lt s ; s p e c ifie s n u m b e r and
ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d ocu m en ts to be u sed ; o u tlin e s a c tio n s to be
p e r fo r m e d by p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u te rs in s u ffic ie n t d e ta il fo r p re s e n ta tio n
to m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m in g (t y p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p r e p a r a tio n o f
w o r k and data flo w c h a r t s ); c o o r d in a te s th e d e v e lo p m e n t o f te s t p r o b le m s and
p a r tic ip a te s in t r i a l runs o f n ew and r e v is e d s y s te m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s e q u ip ­
m e n t ch a n ges to o b ta in m o r e e f f e c t iv e o v e r a l l o p e r a tio n s .
(N O T E :
W o rk ers
p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g should be c la s s ifie d as
s y s te m s a n a ly s ts i f th is is th e s k ill u sed to d e te r m in e th e ir p a y .)

d e v e lo p s s y s te m s f o r m a in ta in in g d e p o s ito r accou n ts in a bank, m a in ta in in g
accou n ts r e c e iv a b le in a r e t a i l e s ta b lis h m e n t, o r m a in ta in in g in v e n t o r y
a ccou n ts in a m a n u fa c tu rin g o r w h o le s a le e s ta b lis h m e n t.)
C o n fe r s w ith p e r ­
sons c o n c e r n e d to d e te r m in e the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s
s u b je c t - m a t te r p e r s o n n e l on th e im p lic a t io n s o f th e d ata p r o c e s s in g s y s te m s
to be a p p lie d .
OR
W o rk s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s in g s c h e m e o r s y s te m ,
as d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A .
W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly on ro u tin e a s s ig n m e n ts and
r e c e iv e s in s tr u c tio n and gu id an ce on c o m p le x a s s ig n m e n ts .
W o rk is r e v ie w e d
f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t, c o m p lia n c e w ith in s tr u c tio n s , and to in s u r e p r o p e r
a lig n m e n t w ith th e o v e r a l l s y s te m .
C la s s C .
W o rk s u n der im m e d ia te s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y in g out a n a ly ­
s e s as a s s ig n e d , u s u a lly o f a s in g le a c t iv it y .
A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d e s ig n e d to
d e v e lo p and expan d p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e in the a p p lic a tio n o f p r o c e d u r e s and
s k ills r e q u ir e d f o r s y s te m s a n a ly s is w o r k .
F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s is t a h ig h e r
l e v e l s y s te m s a n a ly s t by p r e p a r in g th e d e ta ile d s p e c ific a tio n s r e q u ir e d by
p ro g r a m m e r s fro m
in fo r m a tio n d e v e lo p e d by th e h ig h e r l e v e l a n a ly s t.

D oes not in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le f o r the m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o th e r e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r s y s ­
te m s a n a ly s ts p r i m a r i ly c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n tific o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b le m s .
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , s y s te m s a n a ly s ts a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :
C la s s A .
W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r under o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s in v o lv in g a l l p h a s e s o f s y s te m a n a ly s is .
P r o b le m s a r e
c o m p le x b e ca u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f input data and m u ltip le - u s e r e q u ir e ­
m e n ts o f output d ata.
( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in t e g r a te d p ro d u c tio n s c h e d ­
u lin g , in v e n t o r y c o n tr o l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in w h ich
e v e r y ite m o f e a c h ty p e is a u to m a tic a lly p r o c e s s e d th rou gh the fu ll s y s te m
o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r ia t e fo llo w u p a c tio n s a r e in it ia te d by th e c o m p u te r .)
C o n fe r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e te r m in e the d ata p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s
and a d v is e s s u b je c t - m a t te r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a t io n s o f n ew o r r e v is e d
s y s te m s o f data p r o c e s s in g o p e r a tio n s .
M a k e s r e c o m m e n d a tio n s , i f n e e d e d ,
f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a jo r s y s te m s in s ta lla tio n s o r ch a n ges and f o r ob ta in in g
e q u ip m en t.
M a y p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l
w h o a r e a s s ig n e d to a s s is t .

d ir e c tio n

to

lo w e r

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B U S IN E S S
C o n v e r ts s ta te m e n ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b le m s , t y p ic a lly p r e p a r e d by a
s y s te m s a n a ly s t, in to a se q u e n c e o f d e ta ile d in s tr u c tio n s w h ich a r e r e q u ir e d
to s o lv e the p r o b le m s b y a u to m a tic data p r o c e s s in g e q u ip m en t.
W o rk in g fr o m
c h a r ts o r d ia g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s th e p r e c i s e in s tr u c tio n s w h ich ,
w h en e n te r e d in to the c o m p u te r s y s te m in c o d e d la n g u a g e , c a u s e the m a n ip u ­
la tio n o f data to a c h ie v e d e s ir e d r e s u lt s . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g :
A p p lie s k n o w le d g e o f c o m p u te r c a p a b ilit ie s , m a th e m a tic s , lo g ic e m p lo y e d by
c o m p u te r s , and p a r t ic u la r s u b je ct m a t t e r in v o lv e d to a n a ly z e c h a r ts and
d ia g r a m s o f the p r o b le m to be p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s sequ en ce o f p r o g r a m
s te p s ; w r it e s d e ta ile d f lo w c h a r ts to show o r d e r in w h ich d ata w i l l be
p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r ts th e s e c h a r ts to c o d e d in s tr u c tio n s f o r m a c h in e to fo llo w ;
te s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s tr u c tio n s f o r o p e r a tin g p e r s o n n e l
d u rin g p ro d u c tio n run; a n a ly z e s , r e v i e w s , and a lt e r s p r o g r a m s to in c r e a s e
o p e r a tin g e f f ic ie n c y o r adapt to n e w r e q u ir e m e n ts ; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t and r e v is io n s .
(N O T E :
W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g both
s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g should be c l a s s i fi e d as s y s te m s a n a ly s ts
i f th is is the s k ill u sed to d e te r m in e th e ir p a y .)

l e v e l s y s te m s a n a ly s ts

C la s s B .
W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n der o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
p r o b le m s th at a r e r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p lic a te d to a n a ly z e , p lan , p r o g r a m , and
o p e r a te .
P r o b le m s a r e o f lim it e d c o m p le x ity b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input data
a r e h o m o g e n eo u s and the output data a r e c lo s e ly r e la te d .
( F o r e x a m p le ,




B U SIN E S S— C ontinued

18

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B U S IN E S S — C on tin u ed

CO M PU TER O PERATO R

D o e s not in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le f o r the m a n a g e ­
m en t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o th e r e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o ­
g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n t ific an d / o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b le m s .

M o n ito r s and o p e r a te s the c o n tr o l c o n s o le o f a d ig it a l c o m p u te r to
p r o c e s s d ata a c c o r d in g to o p e r a tin g in s tr u c tio n s , u s u a lly p r e p a r e d by a p r o ­
gra m m er.
W o rk in c lu d e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : Studies in s tr u c tio n s to
d e te r m in e e q u ip m en t setup and o p e r a tio n s ; lo a d s equ ip m en t w ith r e q u ir e d
it e m s (ta p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c .); s w itc h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia r y e q u ip m en t into
c ir c u it , and s ta r ts and o p e r a te s c o m p u te r; m a k e s a d ju stm en ts to c o m p u te r to
c o r r e c t o p e r a tin g p r o b le m s and m e e t s p e c ia l c o n d itio n s ; r e v ie w s e r r o r s m ade
d u rin g o p e r a tio n and d e te r m in e s c a u se o r r e f e r s p r o b le m to s u p e r v is o r or
p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a in ta in s o p e r a tin g r e c o r d s .
M a y te s t and a s s is t in
c o r r e c t in g p r o g r a m .

For

w age

study p u r p o s e s ,

p ro gra m m ers a re

c la s s ifie d as f o llo w s :

C la s s A .
W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n der o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s w h ich r e q u ir e c o m p e te n c e in a ll p h a ses o f p r o g r a m m in g
c o n ce p ts and p r a c t ic e s .
W o rk in g f r o m d ia g r a m s and c h a rts w h ich id e n tify
the n a tu re o f d e s ir e d r e s u lt s , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g step s to be a c c o m p lis h e d ,
and the r e la tio n s h ip s b e tw e e n v a r io u s step s o f the p ro b le m s o lv in g ro u tin e ;
p lan s the fu ll r a n g e o f p r o g r a m m in g a c tio n s n e e d e d to e f fic ie n t ly u t iliz e the
c o m p u te r s y s te m in a c h ie v in g d e s ir e d end p ro d u c ts .

A t th is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m in g is d iffic u lt b e ca u s e c o m p u te r e q u ip m en t
m u s t be o r g a n iz e d to p ro d u c e s e v e r a l in t e r r e la t e d but d iv e r s e p ro d u c ts f r o m
n u m e ro u s and d iv e r s e data e le m e n t s .
A w id e v a r ie t y and e x te n s iv e n u m b er
o f in t e r n a l p r o c e s s in g a c tio n s m u st o c c u r .
T h is r e q u ir e s such a c tio n s as
d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a tio n s w h ich can b e r e u s e d , e s ta b lis h m e n t o f
lin k a g e p o in ts b e tw e e n o p e r a tio n s , ad ju s tm e n ts to data when p r o g r a m r e q u ir e ­
m en ts e x c e e d c o m p u te r s to r a g e c a p a c ity , and su b sta n tia l m a n ip u la tio n and
re s e q u e n c in g o f data e le m e n ts to fo r m a h ig h ly in te g r a te d p r o g r a m .

M a y p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l d ir e c t io n to lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s w ho a r e
a s s ig n e d to a s s is t.

C la s s B . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n der o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
r e l a t i v e l y s im p le p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le s e g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n ts ) u s u a lly p r o c e s s in fo r m a tio n to p ro d u c e data in tw o
o r th r e e v a r ie d se q u e n c e s o r fo r m a t s .
R e p o r t s and lis tin g s a r e p ro d u c ed by
r e fin in g , ad ap tin g, a r r a y in g , o r m a k in g m in o r a d d ition s to o r d e le tio n s fr o m
input data w h ich a r e r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m erou s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the data h ave b e en r e fin e d in p r io r a c tio n s so that th e a c c u r a c y
and s e q u e n c in g o f data can b e te s te d b y u sin g a fe w ro u tin e c h e c k s . T y p ic a lly ,
the p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith ro u tin e r e c o r d k e e p in g o p e r a tio n s .
OR
W o rk s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A ) u n der c lo s e
d ir e c t io n o f a h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s is t h ig h e r
l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r b y in d ep en d en tly p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d ,
and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt ta s k s u n der f a i r l y c lo s e d ir e c tio n .
M a y g u id e o r in s tr u c t lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s C . M a k e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t ic e s
and c o n c e p ts u s u a lly le a r n e d in f o r m a l tr a in in g c o u r s e s .
A s s ig n m e n ts a r e
d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e te n c e in the a p p lic a tio n o f stan dard p r o c e d u r e s to
ro u tin e p r o b le m s . R e c e iv e s c lo s e s u p e r v is io n on n ew a s p e c ts o f a s s ig n m e n ts ;
and w o r k is r e v ie w e d to v e r i f y its a c c u r a c y and c o n fo rm a n c e w ith r e q u ir e d
p ro ced u res.




For

w age

study

p u rp oses,

c o m p u te r

o p e r a to r s

are

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :
C la s s A . O p e ra te s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n der on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n ,
a c o m p u te r runn ing p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s :
N e w p r o g r a m s a r e fr e q u e n tly te s te d and in tro d u c e d ; sch ed u lin g r e q u ir e m e n ts
a r e o f c r i t i c a l im p o r ta n c e to m in im iz e d o w n tim e; the p r o g r a m s a r e o f
c o m p le x d e s ig n so that id e n tific a tio n o f e r r o r s o u rc e o fte n r e q u ir e s a w o rk in g
k n o w le d g e o f th e t o t a l p r o g r a m , and a lte r n a te p r o g r a m s m a y not be a v a ila b le .
M a y g iv e d ir e c tio n and gu id an ce to lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B . O p e ra te s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r under o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n ,
a c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s :
M o s t o f th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s ta b lis h e d p ro d u c tio n ru n s, t y p ic a lly run on a
r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; th e r e is lit t le o r no te s tin g o f n ew p r o g r a m s
r e q u ir e d ; a lte r n a te p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v id e d in c a s e o r ig in a l p r o g r a m n eed s
m a jo r ch an ge o r cannot be c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b ly sh o rt t im e .
In
c o m m o n e r r o r s itu a tio n s , d ia g n o s e s c a u s e and ta k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c tio n .
T h is
u s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p ly in g p r e v io u s ly p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e s te p s , o r u sin g
s tan d a rd c o r r e c t io n te c h n iq u e s .
OR
O p e r a te s u n der d ir e c t s u p e r v is io n a c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s o r
s e g m e n ts o f p r o g r a m s w ith th e c h a r a c t e r is t ic s d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A .
M ay
a s s is t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a to r by in d e p e n d e n tly p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta s k s
a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt ta s k s fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tr u c tio n s and
w ith fre q u e n t r e v ie w o f o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d .

e x p e c te d
a b ilit y to
r e c e iv e d
o p e ra to r

C la s s C .
W o rk s on ro u tin e p r o g r a m s u n der c lo s e s u p e r v is io n .
Is
to d e v e lo p w o rk in g k n o w le d g e o f the c o m p u te r equ ip m en t u sed and
d e te c t p r o b le m s in v o lv e d in running ro u tin e p r o g r a m s .
U s u a lly has
s o m e f o r m a l tr a in in g in c o m p u te r o p e r a tio n . M a y a s s is t h ig h e r l e v e l
on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .

D RAFTER
C la s s A .
P la n s tiie g ra p h ic p re s e n ta tio n o f c o m p le x ite m s h a vin g
d is tin c tiv e d e s ig n fe a tu r e s th at d i f f e r s ig n ific a n tly f r o m e s ta b lis h e d d ra ftin g
p r e c e d e n ts .
W o rk s in c lo s e su p p ort w ith th e d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r , and m a y
r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s . A n a ly z e s the e f fe c t o f each chan ge on the
d e ta ils o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , and p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s o f com p on en ts and p a r ts .
W o rk s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is ta n c e .
C o m p le te d w o rk is
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r f o r c o n s is te n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e rin g d e t e r ­
m in a tio n s .
M a y e it h e r p r e p a r e d ra w in g s o r d ir e c t th e ir p r e p a r a tio n b y lo w e r
l e v e l d r a ft e r s .

D R A F T E R — C on tin u ed

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N IC IA N — C ontinu ed

C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s n o n rou tin e and c o m p le x d r a ftin g a s s ig n m e n ts
th at r e q u ir e th e a p p lic a tio n o f m o s t o f th e s ta n d a rd iz e d d ra w in g te c h n iq u e s
r e g u l a r l y u sed .
D u tie s t y p ic a lly in v o lv e such w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w o rk in g
d ra w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith i r r e g u la r sh a p es, m u ltip le fu n c tio n s , and
p r e c i s e p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n ts ; p r e p a r e s a r c h it e c t u r a l
d ra w in g s f o r c o n s tru c tio n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a il d ra w in g s o f fou n ­
d a tio n s , w a ll s e c tio n s , f lo o r p la n s , and r o o f.
U s e s a c c e p te d fo r m u la s and
m a n u a ls in m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y com p u ta tio n s to d e te r m in e q u a n titie s o f
m a t e r ia ls to be u s e d , lo a d c a p a c it ie s , s tr e n g th s , s t r e s s e s , e tc .
R e c e iv e s
in it ia l in s tr u c tio n s , r e q u ir e m e n ts , and a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le te d
w o r k is c h e c k e d f o r te c h n ic a l ad eq u a cy .

T h is c la s s ific a t io n e x c lu d e s r e p a i r e r s o f such stan d a rd e le c t r o n ic
e q u ip m en t as c o m m o n o f f ic e m a c h in e s and h o u seh old r a d io and t e le v is io n
s e ts ; p ro d u c tio n a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y duty is
s e r v ic in g e le c t r o n ic t e s t in s tr u m e n ts ; te c h n ic ia n s w h o h a ve a d m in is tr a tiv e
o r s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y ; and d r a ft e r s , d e s ig n e r s , and p r o f e s s io n a l
e n g in e e r s .

C la s s C .
P r e p a r e s d e t a il d ra w in g s o f s in g le units o r p a r ts f o r
e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tr u c tio n , m a n u fa c tu rin g , o r r e p a ir p u r p o s e s .
Types of
d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e is o m e t r ic p r o je c t io n s (d e p ic tin g t h r e e d im e n s io n s
in a c c u r a te s c a le ) and s e c t io n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s itio n in g o f com p o n e n ts
and c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a tio n .
C o n s o lid a te s d e ta ils fr o m a n u m b e r o f
s o u r c e s and ad ju s ts o r tr a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ir e d .
S u gg e sted m eth o d s o f
a p p ro a c h , a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n ts , and a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r ia ls a r e g iv e n
w ith in it ia l a s s ig n m e n ts .
In s tr u c tio n s a r e le s s c o m p le t e w hen a s s ig n m e n ts
recu r.
W o rk m a y be s p o t-c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

P o s it io n s
d e fin itio n s .

a re

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e ls

on th e

b a s is o f th e fo llo w in g

C la s s A . A p p lie s ad va n ced t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e u n u su ally
c o m p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e . , th o s e th at t y p ic a lly cann ot be s o lv e d s o le ly b y r e f e r ­
e n c e to m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m an u a ls o r s im ila r d o c u m e n ts ) in w o rk in g on e l e c ­
tr o n ic e q u ip m en t.
E x a m p le s o f such p r o b le m s in c lu d e lo c a tio n and d e n s ity o f
c ir c u it r y , e le c t r o m a g n e t ic r a d ia tio n , is o la t in g m a lfu n c tio n s , and fre q u e n t
e n g in e e r in g c h a n g e s .
W o rk in v o lv e s :
A d e ta ile d u n d ersta n d in g o f th e i n t e r ­
r e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s ; e x e r c is in g in d ep en d en t ju d g m e n t in p e r fo r m in g such
ta s k s as m a k in g c ir c u it a n a ly s e s , c a lc u la tin g w a v e f o r m s , t r a c in g r e la t io n ­
sh ip s in s ig n a l flo w ; and r e g u la r ly u sin g c o m p le x t e s t in s tru m e n ts (e . g . , du al
t r a c e o s c illo s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia tio n m e t e r s , p u ls e g e n e r a t o r s ).

W o r k m a y be r e v ie w e d b y s u p e r v is o r (fr e q u e n tly an e n g in e e r o r
d e s ig n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d p r a c t ic e s .
M a y p r o v id e
t e c h n ic a l g u id a n c e to lo w e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s .

D R A F T E R -T R A C E R

C o p ie s p lan s and d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o th e r s by p la c in g t r a c in g
c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r d r a w in g s and t r a c in g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
(D o e s not
in c lu d e t r a c in g lim it e d to p lan s p r im a r ily c o n s is tin g o f s tr a ig h t lin e s and a
la r g e s c a le not r e q u ir in g c lo s e d e lin e a tio n .)
AND /O R
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e t it iv e d ra w in g s o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d it e m s .
W o rk is c l o s e l y s u p e r v is e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

C la s s B . A p p lie s c o m p r e h e n s iv e t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e c o m ­
p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e . , th o s e th at t y p ic a lly can be s o lv e d s o le ly b y p r o p e r ly
in t e r p r e t in g m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m an u a ls o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n ts ) in w o r k in g on
e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s :
A f a m i l ia r i t y w ith th e i n t e r r e la t io n ­
sh ip s o f c ir c u it s ; and ju d g m e n t in d e te r m in in g w o r k se q u e n c e and in s e le c tin g
t o o ls and te s tin g in s tr u m e n ts , u s u a lly le s s c o m p le x than th o s e u sed b y the
c la s s A te c h n ic ia n .
R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l g u id a n c e , as r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l te c h n ic ia n , and w o r k is r e v ie w e d f o r s p e c ific c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d
p r a c t ic e s and w o r k a s s ig n m e n ts .
M a y p r o v id e t e c h n ic a l gu id an ce to lo w e r
l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s .

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N

W o rk s on v a r io u s ty p e s o f e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m en t and r e la t e d d e v ic e s
by p e r fo r m in g one o r a c o m b in a tio n o f th e fo llo w in g :
In s ta llin g , m a in ta in in g ,
r e p a ir in g , o v e r h a u lin g , tr o u b le s h o o tin g , m o d ify in g , c o n s tru c tin g , and te s tin g .
W o rk r e q u ir e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n o f te c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e o f e le c t r o n ic s
p r in c ip le s , a b ilit y to d e te r m in e m a lfu n c tio n s , and s k ill to put e q u ip m en t in
r e q u ir e d o p e r a tin g c o n d itio n .

T h e e q u ip m en t— c o n s is tin g o f e ith e r m a n y d iffe r e n t k in d s o f c ir c u it s
o r m u ltip le r e p e titio n o f th e s a m e kind o f c ir c u it — in c lu d e s , but is not lim it e d
to , the fo llo w in g :
(a ) E le c t r o n ic tr a n s m ittin g and r e c e iv in g e q u ip m en t (e . g . ,
r a d a r , r a d io , t e le v i s i o n , te le p h o n e , s o n a r, n a v ig a tio n a l a id s ), (b ) d ig it a l and
a n a lo g c o m p u te r s , and (c ) in d u s tr ia l and m e d ic a l m e a s u r in g and c o n tr o llin g
eq u ip m en t.




C la s s C . A p p lie s w o r k in g te c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to p e r f o r m s im p le o r
ro u tin e ta s k s in w o r k in g on e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m e n t, fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tr u c ­
tio n s w h ich c o v e r v ir t u a lly a l l p r o c e d u r e s .
W o rk t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s such
ta s k s a s : A s s is t in g h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s b y p e r f o r m in g such a c t iv it ie s as
r e p la c in g c o m p o n e n ts , w ir in g c ir c u it s , and ta k in g t e s t r e a d in g s ; r e p a ir in g
s im p le e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m e n t; and u s in g to o ls and c o m m o n te s t in s tru m e n ts
( e . g . , m u lt im e t e r s , au dio s ig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tube t e s t e r s , o s c illo s c o p e s ).
Is not r e q u ir e d to b e f a m ilia r w ith th e in t e r r e la t io n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s .
T h is
k n o w le d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y be a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a s s ig n m e n ts d e s ig n e d to
in c r e a s e c o m p e te n c e (in c lu d in g c la s s r o o m
tr a in in g ) so th at w o r k e r can
a d v a n c e to h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n .
R e c e iv e s t e c h n ic a l g u id a n c e , as r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l te c h n ic ia n .
W o rk is t y p i c a l l y spot c h e c k e d , but is g iv e n d e ta ile d r e v ie w
w h en n e w o r a d v a n c e d a s s ig n m e n ts a r e in v o lv e d .

R E G IS T E R E D I N D U S T R I A L N U R S E

R E G IS T E R E D I N D U S T R I A L N U R S E — C ontinued

A r e g i s t e r e d n u rs e w ho g iv e s n u rs in g s e r v ic e u n der g e n e r a l m e d ic a l
d ir e c tio n to i l l o r in ju r e d e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e i l l o r
s u ffe r an a c c id e n t on the p r e m is e s o f a f a c t o r y o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
D u ties in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t aid to the i l l o r
in ju re d ; a tten d in g to su b sequ en t d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k e e p in g
r e c o r d s o f p a tie n ts tr e a te d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s fo r c o m p e n s a tio n o r

o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s is t in g in p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s and h ealth e v a lu a tio n s o f
a p p lic a n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and p lann ing and c a r r y in g out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g
h e a lth e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n tio n , e v a lu a tio n o f plan t e n v ir o n m e n t, o r
o th e r a c t iv it ie s a ffe c t in g the h e a lth , w e l f a r e , and s a fe ty o f a l l p e rs o n n e l.
N u rs in g s u p e r v is o r s o r head n u rs e s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than
one n u rs e a r e e x c lu d e d .

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant
M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R

M A I N T E N A N C E M A C H IN IS T

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n tr y d u tie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s tru c t arid m a in ta in
in good r e p a ir b u ild in g w o o d w o r k and eq u ip m en t such as b in s , c r ib s , c o u n te rs ,
b e n ch es, p a r titio n s , d o o r s , f lo o r s , s t a ir s , c a s in g s , and t r im m a d e o f w o od
in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g ;
P la n n in g and
la y in g out o f w o r k fr o m b lu e p r in ts , d ra w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tr u c tio n s ;
u sin g a v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d to o ls , p o r ta b le p o w e r to o ls , and stan d a rd
m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; m a k in g sta n d a rd shop com p u tatio n s r e la tin g to d im e n ­
sion s o f w o r k ; and s e le c tin g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y f o r th e w o r k .
In g e n e r a l,
th e w o rk o f th e m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n te r r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r i ­
e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .

P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r ts and n ew p a r ts in m ak in g r e p a ir s o f
m e t a l p a r ts o f m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m en t o p e r a te d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk
in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g ; In te r p r e tin g w r itte n in s tr u c tio n s and s p e c i­
fic a t io n s ; plan n in g and la y in g out o f w o rk ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in is t's
h a n d too ls and p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a tin g
stan d a rd m a c h in e to o ls ; shapin g o f m e t a l p a r ts to c lo s e to le r a n c e s ; m a k in g
sta n d a rd shop c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , to o lin g , fe e d s ,
and sp ee d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f the w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s o f the c o m m o n
m e t a ls ; s e le c tin g sta n d a rd m a t e r ia ls , p a r ts , and eq u ip m en t r e q u ir e d f o r th is
w o r k ; and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a r ts into m e c h a n ic a l equ ip m en t. In g e n e r a l,
th e m a c h in is t's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a roun ded tr a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p
p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

m a in t e n a n c e

e l e c t r ic ia n

M A I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M a c h in e r y )
P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l tr a d e fu n c tio n s such as th e in s t a l­
la tio n , m a in te n a n c e , o r r e p a ir o f e q u ip m en t f o r the g e n e r a tio n , d is tr ib u tio n ,
o r u tiliz a tio n o f e l e c t r ic e n e r g y in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e f o l l o w i n g : In s ta llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip ­
m e n t such as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w itc h b o a rd s , c o n t r o lle r s , c ir c u it
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h eatin g u n its, con du it s y s te m s , o r o th e r tr a n s m is s io n
e q u ip m en t; w o r k in g f r o m b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s , la y o u ts , o r o th e r s p e c if i­
c a tio n s ; lo c a tin g and d ia g n o s in g tr o u b le in the e l e c t r i c a l s y s te m o r e q u ip ­
m en t; w o r k in g sta n d a rd c o m p u tatio n s r e la tin g to loa d r e q u ir e m e n ts o f w ir in g
o r e l e c t r i c a l eq u ip m en t; and u sin g a v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic ia n 's h an d tools and
m e a s u r in g and te s tin g in s tr u m e n ts .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e
e le c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh
a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E P A IN T E R

P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w o o d w o rk , and fix tu r e s o f an e s ta b ­
lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s the f o llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r fa c e p e c u lia r it ie s
and ty p e s o f pain t r e q u ir e d f o r d iffe r e n t a p p lic a tio n s ; p r e p a r in g s u r fa c e fo r
p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p la c in g putty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o le s and
in t e r s t ic e s ; and a p p ly in g pain t w ith s p ra y gun o r b ru sh .
M a y m ix c o lo r s ,
o i l s , w h ite le a d , and o th e r paint in g r e d ie n ts to ob tain p r o p e r c o lo r o r
c o n s is te n c y . In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p a in te r r e q u ir e s roun ded
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .




R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m en t o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l
e q u ip m en t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d is m a n tlin g o r p a r t ly d is m a n tlin g
m a c h in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly in v o lv e the use o f h a n d tools in
s c ra p in g and fittin g p a r ts ; r e p la c in g b ro k en o r d e fe c t iv e p a rts w ith ite m s
o b ta in e d fr o m s to c k ; o r d e r in g the p ro d u c tio n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a
m a c h in e shop o r sen d in g th e m a c h in e to a m a c h in e shop f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s ;
p r e p a r in g w r itte n s p e c ific a tio n s f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r f o r the p ro d u c tio n o f
p a r ts o r d e r e d fr o m m a c h in e shops; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m a k in g a ll
n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts f o r o p e r a tio n .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f a m a c h in e r y
m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic
r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly
a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i ­
ence.
E x c lu d e d fr o m th is c la s s ific a t io n a r e w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y d u ties
in v o lv e s e ttin g up o r a d ju s tin g m a c h in e s .
M A I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M o t o r V e h ic le s )
R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s, m o to r tr u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s ta b ­
lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u to m o tiv e e q u ip ­
m en t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g e q u ip m en t and p e r fo r m in g
r e p a ir s that in v o lv e th e u se o f such h a n d tools as w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r i l l s ,
o r s p e c ia liz e d e q u ip m en t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a r ts ; r e p la c in g b ro k en
o r d e fe c t iv e p a r ts f r o m stock ; g rin d in g and a d ju stin g v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and
in s ta llin g the v a r io u s a s s e m b lie s in th e v e h ic le and m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t­
m e n ts ; and a lig n in g w h e e ls , a d ju stin g b ra k e s and lig h ts , o r tig h te n in g body
b o lts .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f th e m o to r v e h ic le m ain ten a n ce m ec h a n ic
r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a f o r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M o t o r V e h ic le s )— C on tin u ed

veh icles

T h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d oe s not in c lu d e m e c h a n i c s who r e p a i r c u s t o m e r s '
in a u t o m o b i l e r e p a i r sho ps.

M A IN T E N A N C E P IP E F IT T E R
I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s te a m , g as, o r o t h e r ty p e s o f p ip e and
p i p e f i t t i n g s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : L a y i n g
out w o r k and m e a s u r i n g to l o c a t e p o s i t i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w i n g s o r o t h e r
w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; cu ttin g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e to c o r r e c t lengths w ith
c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t i n g m a c h i n e s ; th r e a d in g
p ip e w ith s toc k s and d i e s ; bendin g p ip e b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n
m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s and f a s t e n i n g p ip e to h a n g e r s ;
m a k i n g s tan da rd shop c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a t i n g to p r e s s u r e s , f l o w , and s i z e o f
p ip e r e q u i r e d ; and m a k i n g stan da rd t e s t s to d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r f i n i s h e d p ip es
m e e t sp ecifications.
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e p i p e f i t t e r
r e q u i r e s roun ded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
W orkers p rim a rily
e n g a g e d in i n s t a l l i n g and r e p a i r i n g b u il d in g s an it a tio n o r h e a t in g s y s t e m s
a re exclud ed .
M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T -M E T A L W ORKER
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , and m a in ta in s in g o o d r e p a i r the s h e e t - m e t a l
e q u i p m e n t and f i x t u r e s (s uc h as m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e pans, s h e l v e s ,
l o c k e r s , tanks, v e n t i l a t o r s , chutes, duc ts, m e t a l r o o f i n g ) o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g and la y i n g out a l l ty p es o f
s h e e t - m e t a l m a i n te n a n c e w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n ts , m o d e l s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i ­
c a t i o n s ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a t i n g a l l a v a i l a b l e ty p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k i n g
m a c h i n e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d too ls in cutting, bending, f o r m i n g , shaping,
f ittin g , and a s s e m b l i n g ; and i n s t a l l i n g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s as r e q u i r e d .
In
g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a i n te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s rounded
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th ro ugh a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A I N T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R — C ontinu ed
the h e l p e r is p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m tr a d e to t r a d e :
In s o m e
t r a d e s the h e l p e r is c o n fin e d to supplyin g, l i f t i n g , and h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s and
t o o l s , and c l e a n i n g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; and in o t h e r s he is p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m
s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e that a r e a l s o p e r f o r m e d
b y w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .

M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R (T O O L R O O M )
S p e c i a l i z e s in o p e r a t i n g one o r m o r e than one ty pe o f m a c h i n e
t o o l ( e . g . , j i g b o r e r , g r i n d i n g m a c h in e , e ng in e lath e, m i l l i n g m a c h i n e ) to
m a c h in e m e t a l f o r u s e in m a k in g o r m a in ta in in g j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cuttin g t o o l s ,
g a u g e s , o r m e t a l d i e s o r m o l d s u s e d in shaping o r f o r m i n g m e t a l o r
n o n m eta llic m a t e r i a l (e .g ., pla stic, p la s te r, rubber, g la s s ).
W ork ty p ica lly
in vo lves:
P la n n in g and p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t m a c h in in g o p e r a t i o n s w h i c h
r e q u i r e c o m p l i c a t e d setups o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; se tting up m a c h i n e
t o o l o r t o o l s ( e . g . , i n s t a l l cutting t o o l s and adjust g u id es , stops, w o r k i n g
t a b l e s , and o t h e r c o n t r o l s to handle the s i z e o f stoc k to be m a c h i n e d ;
d e t e r m i n e p r o p e r f e e d s , s p e e d s , t o o lin g , and o p e r a t i o n s e quence o r s e l e c t
th o s e p r e s c r i b e d in d r a w i n g s , b l u e p r in ts , o r l a y o u t s ) ; u sing a v a r i e t y o f
p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts d u rin g
m a c h i n i n g o p e r a t i o n to a c h i e v e r e q u i s i t e d i m e n s i o n s to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s .
M a y be r e q u i r e d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n ts and cu ttin g and l u b r i c a t i n g o i l s ,
to r e c o g n i z e when t o o l s n e e d d r e s s i n g , and to d r e s s t o o l s .
In g e n e r a l , the
w o r k o f a m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r ( t o o l r o o m ) at the s k i l l l e v e l c a l l e d f o r in
this c l a s s i f i c a t i o n r e q u i r e s e x t e n s i v e k n o w l e d g e o f m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l ­
r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th ro u gh c o n s i d e r a b l e o n - t h e - j o b t r a i n i n g and
exp erien ce.
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , this c l a s s i f i c p t i o n d oe s no t
in clud e m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s ( t o o l r o o m ) e m p l o y e d in t o o l and d ie job b in g
sho ps.

M IL L W R IG H T

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R

I n s t a l l s n e w m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t, and d i s m a n t l e s and
i n s t a l l s m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t when ch an ge s in the p lant la y o u t a r e
required.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g and la y in g out
w o r k ; i n t e r p r e t i n g b l u e p r i n t s o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; usin g a v a r i e t y o f handt o o l s and r i g g i n g ; m a k in g s tan da rd shop c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a t i n g to s t r e s s e s ,
s tr e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; a l i g n i n g and b a la n c in g e q u i p ­
m e n t; s e l e c t i n g s tan da rd t o o l s , e q u ip m en t, and p a r t s to be used; and i n s t a l l i n g
and m a i n ta i n i n g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t such as d r i v e s
and s p ee d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l , the m i l l w r i g h t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a
rounded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e in the t r a d e a c q u i r e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t tr a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

C o n s t r u c t s and r e p a i r s j i g s , f i x t u r e s ,
cutting to o ls , g au g es , o r
m e t a l d i e s o r m o l d s u s e d in shaping o r f o r m i n g m e t a l o r n o n m e t a l l i c
m a t e r ia l (e .g ., p la stic, p la s te r, rubber, g la s s ).
W o rk typ ica lly in v o lv e s :
P l a n n in g and l a y i n g out w o r k a c c o r d i n g to m o d e l s , b l u e p r in ts , d r a w i n g s , o r
o t h e r w r i t t e n o r o r a l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u n d e r s ta n d in g the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f
c o m m o n m e t a l s and a l l o y s ; s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r i a t e m a t e r i a l s , to o ls , and
p r o c e s s e s r e q u i r e d to c o m p l e t e task; m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y shop c o m p u ta tio n s ;
s e ttin g up and o p e r a t i n g v a r i o u s m a c h in e t o o l s and r e l a t e d equip m en t; using
v a r i o u s t o o l and d ie m a k e r ' s ha nd too ls and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s tr u m e n ts ;
w o r k i n g to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g m e t a l p a r t s and fi n i s h e d to o ls
and d ie s to a c h i e v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; fi t t i n g and a s s e m b l i n g p a r ts to p r e ­
s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s and a l l o w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l , the t o o l and die m a k e r ' s
w o r k r e q u i r e s roun ded t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e
u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th ro u gh f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and
exp erien ce.

M A IN T E N A N C E TRADES H E L P E R
A s s i s t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k i l l e d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , b y
p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c o r g e n e r a l duties o f l e s s e r s k i l l , such as k e e p i n g a
w o r k e r su p p lied w i t h m a t e r i a l s and t o o l s ; c le a n in g w o r k i n g a r e a , m a c h in e ,
and e q u ip m e n t; a s s i s t i n g j o u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r t o o l s ; and p e r ­
f o r m i n g o t h e r u n s k i l l e d ta s k s as d i r e c t e d b y j o u r n e y m a n . T h e kind o f w o r k




*

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , this c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s not
in c lu d e t o o l and d ie m a k e r s who (1) a r e e m p l o y e d in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g
shops o r (2) p r o d u c e f o r g i n g d ie s (d ie s i n k e r s ) .

S T A T I O N A R Y E N G IN E E R

S T A T I O N A R Y E N G IN E E R — C ontinued

O p e r a t e s and m a in ta in s and m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e the o p e r a t i o n o f
s t a t i o n a r y e n g i n e s and e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to sup p ly the
e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h i c h e m p l o y e d w ith p o w e r , h eat, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r c on d it io n in g . W o r k i n v o l v e s :
O p e r a t i n g and m a in ta in in g e q u ip m e n t such as
s t e a m e n g i n e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b in e s , v e n ti l a t i n g
and r e f r i g e r a t i n g e q u ip m e n t,
s t e a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r pum ps;
m a k i n g e q u i p m e n t r e p a i r s ; and k e e p i n g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t i o n o f m a c h i n e r y ,
t e m p e r a t u r e , and f u e l c on su m p tio n .
M a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e s e o p e r a t i o n s .

Head o r c h ie f en gin eers
a r e e x c lu d e d ,

in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than one e n g i n e e r

B O IL E R T E N D E R
F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n is h the e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ich
e m p l o y e d w ith h eat, p o w e r , o r s te a m .
F e e d s f u e ls to f i r e b y hand o r
o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n i c a l s t o k e r , g as, o r o i l b u r n e r; and che cks w a t e r and
s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c le a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e qu ip m en t.

Material Movement and Custodial
T R U C K D R IV E R

WAREHOUSEMAN

D r i v e s a tr u c k w ith in a c i t y o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e ­
r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e , e q u ip m e n t, o r w o r k e r s b e tw e e n v a r i o u s ty p e s o f e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s such a s : M a n u fa c t u r in g p la nts, f r e i g h t d e p o ts , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e ­
s a le and r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o lo a d o r un load tr u c k with
o r wit h ou t h e l p e r s , m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p tr u c k in good
w o r k i n g o r d e r . S a l e s r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e e x clud ed .

A s d i r e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f w a r e h o u s i n g duties w h ich r e q u i r e
an u n d e r s ta n d in g o f the e s t a b l i s h m e n t ' s s t o r a g e p l a n . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t
o f the f o l l o w i n g : V e r i f y i n g m a t e r i a l s ( o r m e r c h a n d i s e ) a g a in s t r e c e i v i n g
d oc u m e n ts , noting and r e p o r t i n g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and ob v iou s d a m a g e s ; routing
m a t e r i a l s to p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n s ; s t o r i n g , stacking, o r p a l l e t i z i n g
m a t e r i a l s in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m e t h o d s ; r e a r r a n g i n g and
t a k i n g i n v e n t o r y o f s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s ; e x a m i n i n g s to r e d m a t e r i a l s and
r e p o r t i n g d e t e r i o r a t i o n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s t o r a g e and
p r e p a r i n g i t f o r s hip m en t. M a y o p e r a t e hand o r p o w e r tr u c k s in p e r f o r m i n g
w a r e h o u s i n g d u tie s .

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e and
ty pe o f e q u ip m e n t, as f o l l o w s : ( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r should be r a te d on the b a s i s
o f t r a i l e r ca p a city.)
T ru ck d river,
T ru ck d river,
T ru ck d river,
T ru ck d river,

l i g h t tr u c k (u n de r I V 2 to ns)
m e d i u m tr u c k ( I V 2 to and inc lud in g 4 to n s )
h e a v y tr u c k ( t r a i l e r ) ( o v e r 4 to n s )
h e a v y tr u c k ( o t h e r than t r a i l e r ) ( o v e r 4 to ns)

ORDER F IL L E R

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e f o r sh ip m en t, o r r e c e i v e s and is r e s p o n s i b l e
f o r i n c o m i n g s h ip m en ts o f m e r c h a n d i s e o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l s .
Shipping w o r k
in v o lve s :
A k n o w l e d g e o f shipping p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , ro u te s , a v a i l a b l e
m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , and r a t e s ; and p r e p a r i n g r e c o r d s o f the good s
ship ped, m a k i n g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s tin g w e i g h t and shipping c h a n ge s , and
k e e p i n g a f i l e o f shippin g r e c o r d s .
M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g the
m e r c h a n d i s e f o r sh ip m en t. R e c e i v i n g w o r k i n v o l v e s : V e r i f y i n g o r d i r e c t i n g
o t h e r s in v e r i f y i n g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f sh ip m en ts a g a in s t b i l l s o f lad ing ,
i n v o i c e s , o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r s h o r t a g e s and r e j e c t i n g d a m a g e d
g o o d s ; r ou tin g m e r c h a n d i s e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; and m a i n ­
tain in g n e c e s s a r y , r e c o r d s and f i l e s .

For

wage

study

purposes,

Sh ip pin g c l e r k
R e ceivin g c lerk
Ship ping and r e c e i v i n g c l e r k




w orkers

are

c la s s ifie d

as

E x c l u d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y duties i n v o l v e shipping and r e c e i v i n g
w o r k ( s e e Shipping and R e c e i v i n g C l e r k and Shipping P a c k e r ) , o r d e r f i l l i n g
( s e e O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a t i n g p o w e r tr u c k s ( s e e P o w e r - T r u c k O p e r a t o r ) .

follow s:

F i l l s shipping o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r fin is h e d goods f r o m s t o r e d
m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a le s s lip s, c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r other instructions.
M a y , in ad d ition to f i l l i n g o r d e r s and i n d i ­
c atin g i t e m s f i l l e d o r o m itte d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f outgoing o r d e r s , r e q u i s i t i o n
a d d itio n a l sto ck o r r e p o r t s h o rt sup p lies to s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m oth e r
r e l a t e d d u tie s .

S H IP P IN G P A C K E R

P r e p a r e s f i n i s h e d p ro d u c ts f o r sh ip m en t o r s t o r a g e b y p la c i n g th em
in shipping c o n t a i n e r s , the s p e c i f i c o p e r a ti o n s p e r f o r m e d b eing d ependent upon
the ty p e, s i z e , and n u m b e r o f units to be p ack ed , the type o f c o n ta i n e r
e m p l o y e d , and m eth od o f sh ip m en t.
W o r k r e q u i r e s the p la c in g o f i t e m s in
shipping c o n t a i n e r s and m a y i n v o l v e one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l e d g e
o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f stoc k in o r d e r to v e r i f y content; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e
typ e and s i z e o f c o n ta i n e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n ta in e r ; using e x c e l s i o r
o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g and s e a lin g c o n ­
t a i n e r ; and a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r i n g i d e n tify in g data on c o n ta in e r .
Packers
who a l s o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .

23

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G L A B O R E R

GUARD AND W A TC H M A N

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu rin g p lan t, s to r e , o r
o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t w h o s e d u ties in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the f o llo w in g :
L o a d in g and u n load in g v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m f r e ig h t
c a r s , tr u c k s , o r o th e r tr a n s p o r tin g d e v ic e s ; u n pa ck in g, s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s to r a g e lo c a tio n ; and tr a n s p o r tin g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e b y h an d tru ck, c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w .
L on gsh ore
w o r k e r s , w h o lo a d and un load sh ip s, a r e e x c lu d e d .

G u a r d . P e r f o r m s ro u tin e p o lic e d u tie s , e it h e r at fix e d p o s t o r on
to u r, m a in ta in in g o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
In c lu d e s
g u a rd s w ho a r e s ta tio n e d at g a te and c h e c k on id e n tity o f e m p lo y e e s and
o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .
W a tc h m a n . M a k e s rounds o f p r e m is e s
p r o p e r t y a g a in s t f i r e , th e ft, and i l l e g a l e n tr y .

p e r io d ic a lly

in

p r o te c tin g

P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R
J A N IT O R ,
O p e r a t e s a m a n u a lly c o n tr o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic - p o w e r e d tru c k
o r t r a c t o r to tr a n s p o r t go o d s and m a t e r ia ls o f a ll k in d s about a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u fa c tu rin g p lan t, o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.

tru c k ,

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s
as fo llo w s :

a r e c la s s ifie d b y ty p e o f p o w e r -

F o r k lift o p e ra to r
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r (o t h e r than f o r k l i f t )




P O R TE R , OR C L E A N E R

C le a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d itio n f a c t o r y w o rk in g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m is e s o f an o f f ic e , a p a rtm e n t h o u se, o r c o m m e r ic a l
o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f the f o l l o w i n g :
S w ee p in g , m o p p in g o r s c ru b b in g , and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g c h ip s , tr a s h ,
and o th e r r e fu s e ; d u stin g eq u ip m en t, fu r n itu r e , o r fix t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l
fix tu r e s o r t r im m in g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p lie s and m in o r m a in ten a n ce s e r v i c e s ;
and c le a n in g la v a t o r ie s , s h o w e rs , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s who s p e c ia liz e
in w in d o w w a s h in g a r e e x c lu d e d .

24

Area Wage
Surveys
A l i s t o f the l a t e s t b u lle tin s a v a i l a b l e is p r e s e n t e d b e l o w .
m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m any o f th e B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s shown on
c o v e r , o r f r o m the Su perin te n den t o f D o c u m e n ts , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t
O f f i c e , W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . 20402.
A d i r e c t o r y o f o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e
c o v e r i n g the y e a r s 1950 th ro u g h 1975, is a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t .

Area

B u l l e ti n n u m b e r
and p r i c e *

A k r o n , O h io , D e c . 1976 1________________________________________
1900-76,
1900-59,
A lb a n y —Sch en e ctad y —T r o y , N . Y . , Sept. 1976 ________________
A n a h e i m —Santa A n a—G a r d e n G r o v e ,
C a l i f . , O ct. 1 9 7 6 _________________________________________________ 1900-67,
A tl a n ta , G a., M a y 1 9 7 6 __________________________________________
1900-30,
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , A u g . 1 9 7 6 _____________________________________
1900-52,
B i l l i n g s , M o n t . , July 1 9 7 6 ______________________________________
1900-39,
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1976 1 ________________________________
1900-1 1,
1900-53,
B os ton , M a s s . , A u g . 1976 ______________________________________
B u f fa lo , N . Y . , O c t. 1976 ________________________________________
1900-70,
Canton, O h io , M a y 1 9 7 6 _________________________________________
1900-28,
C hattano og a, T e n n .—G a . , Sept. 1976 __________________________
1900-57,
C h i c a g o , 111., M a y 1976 _________________________________________
1900-32,
C in c in n a ti, O hio —K y . —I n d . , M a r . 1 976________________________
1900-7,
C l e v e l a n d , O h io , Sept. 1 9 7 6 ____________________________________
1900-62,
C olu m b u s , O h io , O c t. 1 9 76 ______________________________________ 1900-68,
C or p u s C h r i s t i , T e x . , July 1 976_______________________________
1900-41,
D a l l a s —F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t. 1 9 7 6 __________________________
1900-63,
Davenpo rt—R o c k Isla nd—M o l i n e , Io wa—111., F e b . 1976______ 1900-25,
D ayto n , O h io , D e c . 1976 ________________________________________
1900-78,
D ayto n a B e a c h , F l a . , A u g . 1976 _______________________________
1900-45,
D e n v e r —B o u l d e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 9 76 ____________________________
1900-73,
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , M a r . 1976 1 ____________________________________
1900-15,
F r e s n o , C a l i f . , June 1976 ______________________________________
1900-29,
G a i n e s v i l l e , F l a . , Sept. 1976 ___________________________________ 1900-54,
Gr.een B a y , W i s . , July 1 9 7 6 ________________________________ ____
1900-37,
G r e e n s b o r o —W i n s t o n - S a l e m —H ig h P o i n t ,
N . C . , A u g . 1 976________________________________________________1900-47,
G r e e n v i l l e —S p a r t a n b u r g , S . C . , June 1976 1___________________
1900-36,
H a r t f o r d , C onn., M a r . 1 9 76 ____________________________________
1900-14,
1900-26,
H ouston, T e x . , A p r . 1 9 76_______________________________________
H u n t s v i l l e , A l a . , F e b . 1977 1____________________________________ 1950-4,
I n d ia n a p o lis , Ind., O c t. 1 9 76 ____________________________________ 1900-58,
J ac k s on , M i s s . , F e b . 1977 1____________________________________
1950-2,
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1976 1
_________________________________
1900-80,
K an s as C i t y , M o . - K a n s . , Sept. 1 9 7 6 * ________________________
1900-60,
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , O c t. 1 9 76 ________________ _ 1900-77,
L o u i s v i l l e , K y.—Ind., N o v . 1976________________________________
1900-69,




B u lle tin s
the bac k
P rin tin g
surveys,

85 cents
55 cents
75 cents
85 cents
85 cents
.55 cents
95 cents
85 cents
75 cents
55 cents
55 cents
$1.05
75 cents
95 cents
75 cents
55 cents
85 cents
55 cents
85 cents
45 cents
85 cents
$1.25
55 cents
45 cents
55 cents
65 cents
85 cents
55 cents
85 cents
$1.40
75 cents
$ 1.5 0
85 cents
$1.05
85 cents
55 cents

Area
M e m p h i s , T e n n . —A r k . —M i s s ., N o v . 1976 1_____________________
M i a m i , F l a . , O c t. 1976___________________________________________
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1976 ________________________r___________
M i n n e a p o l i s —S t. P a u l , M inn.—W i s . , Jan. 1977 ________________
N a s s a u —Su ffo lk , N . Y . , June 1976 _______________________________
N e w a r k , N . J . , Jan. 1976 _________________________________________
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , Jan. 1977 1_________________ '.
_________________
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . - N . J . , M a y 1976________________________________
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B e a c b ^ P o r t s m o u t h , V a.—
N . C . , M a y 1976 1_________________________________________________
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B ea ch —P o r t s m o u t h and
N e w p o r t N e w s —H a m p t o n , V a . - N . C . , M a y 1976 1 ___________
N o r t h e a s t P e n n s y l v a n i a , A u g . 1976 ____________________________
O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , A u g . 1 976_______________________________
O m a h a , N e b r . - I o w a , O c t. 1976__________________________________
P a t e r son—C l i ft o n —P a s s a i c , N . J . , June 1976 __________________
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . —N . J . , N o v . 1976 1____________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1977______________________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , D e c . 1976 1 ___________________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h . , M a y 1976 _____________________________
P o u g h k e e p s i e , N . Y . , June 1976 _________________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie —K in g s ton —N e w b u r g h , N . Y . , June 1976________
P r o v i d e n c e — a r w i c k —P a w t u c k e t , R .1.—
W
M a s s . , June 1 9 76 ____________________________________________ ^___
R i c h m o n d , V a . , June 1976_______________________________________
St. L o u i s , M o . —111., M a r . 1976 1_________________________________
S a c r a m e n t o , C a l i f . , D e c . 1976 __________________________________
Sa gin a w , M i c h . , N o v . 1976 1_____________________________________
Salt L a k e C ity —O g d e n , Utah, N o v . 1976_______________________
San A n to n i o , T e x . , M a y 1976 ___________________________________
San D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1 976____________________________________
San F r a n c i s c o —O a k l a n d , C a l i f . , M a r . 1976 ___________________
San J o s e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1976_____________________________________
S e a t tle —E v e r e t t , W a s h . , Jan. 1976 _____________________________
South Ben d, Ind., M a r . 1976 ____________________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , July 1 976______________________________ _________
T o l e d o , O hio— i c h . , M a y 1 976__________________________________
M
T r e n t o n , N . J . , Sept. 1 976________________________________________
W a s h in g to n , D .C .—M d .—V a . , M a r . 1976 _______________________
W i c h i t a , K a n s . , A p r . 1 976_______________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , A p r . 1976 ___________________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1977 _____________________________________________
l

B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e *
1900-75,
1900-66,
1900-22,
1950-3,
1900-35,
1900-10,
1950-5,
1900-48,

85 cents
75 cents
85 cents
$ 1.6 0
85 cents
85 cents
$ 1.6 0
$ 1 .0 5

1900-27, 85 cents
1900-33,
1900-43,
1900-42,
1900-61,
1900-38,
1900-64,
1950-1,
1900-72,
1900-51,
1900-50,
1900-55,

85 cents
65 cents
55 cents
55 cents
55 cents
$ 1.1 0
$ 1.5 0
85 cents
75 cents
45 cents
55 cents

1900-31,
1900-34,
1900-19,
1900-71,
1900-74,
1900-65,
1900-23,
1900-79,
1900-9,
1900-13,
1900-6,
1900-5,
1900-44,
1900-24,
1900-56,
1900-12,
1900-21,
1900-16,
1950-6,

75 cents
65 cents
$ 1.2 5
55 cents
75 cents
55 cents
65 cents
55 cents
95 cents
75 cents
65 cents
55 cents
55 cents
55 cents
55 cents
85 cents
55 cents
55 cents
$1.10

Prices are determined by the Government Printing Office and are subject to change.
Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Ragion I

Region II

Region lit

Region IV

1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code617)

Suite 3400
1515 Broadway
New York, N.Y. 10036
Phone: 399-5406 (AreaCode212)

3535 Market Street,
P.O. Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 596-1154 (AreaCode215)

Suite 540
>371 Peachtree S t., N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone:881-4418 (Area Code 404)

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Regions VII and VIII

Regions IX and X

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Arkansas
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v ii

Illinois
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Virginia
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vnr
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IX

X

Arizona
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Alaska
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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102