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J
L

«?•

Area
Wage
Survey
Bulletin 1950-1




3 :

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania,
Metropolitan Area, January 1977

Preface
T h is bull etin p r o v i d e s r e s u l t s o f a January 1977 s u r v e y
of
oc c u p atio n al e a r n in g s in the P i t t s b u r g h , P e n n s y l v a n i a , Standard M e t r o p o l i t a n
S t a ti s ti c a l A r e a .
T h e s u r v e y w as m a d e as p a r t o f the B u re au o f L a b o r
S t a t i s t i c s ' annual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m .
It was condu cted by the
B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . , un der the g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n
o f I r w i n L . F e i g e n b a u m , A s s i s t a n t R e g i o n a l C o m m i s s i o n e r f o r O p e r a t io n s .
T h e s u r v e y could not have b een a c c o m p l i s h e d without the c o o p e r a t i o n o f the
m any f i r m s w h o s e w a g e and s a l a r y data p r o v i d e d the b as is f o r the s t a t i s t i c a l
i n f o r m a ti o n in th is b u ll e tin .
T h e B u re a u w i s h e s
to e x p r e s s s i n c e r e
a p p r e c i a t i o n f o r the c o o p e r a t i o n r e c e i v e d .
M a t e r i a l in th is p u b lic a tio n is in the p ublic d om ain and m a y be
r e p r o d u c e d without p e r m i s s i o n o f the F e d e r a l G o v e r n m e n t.
P le a s e credit




the B u re a u
p ub li cation .

of

Labor

S t a tis tic s

and

c ite

the

name

and

number

of

th is

Note:
A r e p o r t on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v i s i o n s
in the P i t t s b u r g h a r e a is a v a i l a b l e f o r the m a c h i n e r y industr y ( F e b r u a r y
1975).
A l s o a v a i l a b l e a r e l i s t i n g s o f union w a g e r a te s f o r building t r a d e s ,
p rin tin g t r a d e s , l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t i n g e m p l o y e e s , l o c a l t r u c k d r i v e r s and
h e l p e r s , and g r o c e r y s t o r e e m p l o y e e s .
F r e e c o p i e s o f th es e a r e a v a i l a b l e
f r o m the B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s . (S e e bac k c o v e r f o r a d d r e s s e s . )

Area
Wage
Survey

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania,
Metropolitan Area, January 1977

U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Julius Shiskin, Commissioner
April 1977

Contents

Bulletin 1950- 1

In trod u c tio n -------------------------------------------------------

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S.
Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402, GPO
Bookstores, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover.
Make checks payable to Superintendent of Documents.
Price FRASER
Digitized for $1.50.



Page

2

Tables:
A.

E arning s, all es tab lis h m en ts :
A - l . W e e k l y e arnings of o f f i c e
w o r k e r s -------------------------------------3
A - 2 . W e e k l y e arnings o f p r o f e s ­
sional and technical w o r k e r s ------7
A - 3 . A v e r a g e w e e k l y earnings of
o f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and
te chnical w o r k e r s , by s e x ----------- 9
A - 4 . H o u r l y e arnings of m a i n t e ­
nance, to o l r o o m , and
p ow e r p la n t w o r k e r s --------------------12
A - 5 . H o u r l y e arnings of m a t e r i a l
m o v e m e n t and cus todial
w o r k e r s -------------------------------------- 13
A - 6 . A v e r a g e h o u rly e arn in g s o f
mainte nan ce, to o l r o o m ,
powerplant, m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
ment, and custo dial w o r k ­
e r s , by s e x ---------------------------------15
A - 7 . P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e in a v e r a g e
hourly ear nings, adjusted f o r
e m p lo ym e n t shifts, f o r s e ­
l e c te d occupational g r o u p s ---------- 16

-

Page

E ar n in g s , l a r g e e sta b lis hm en ts :
A - 8 . W e e k l y e arnin g s of o f f i c e
w o r k e r s ----------------------------------------17
A - 9 . W e e k l y earnings o f p r o f e s ­
sional and te chnical w o r k e r s ------- 20
A - 10. A v e r a g e w e e k l y earnings of
o f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and
technical w o r k e r s , by s e x ------------ 22
A - l l . H o u r l y e arnings o f m a i n t e ­
nance, t o o l r o o m , and
p o w e r p la n t w o r k e r s --------------------- 24
A - 12. H o u r l y e arnings o f m a t e r i a l
m o v e m e n t and custodial
w o r k e r s --------------------------------------- 25
A - 1 3 . A v e r a g e ho u r ly earnin gs o f
m ainte nance, to o lr o o m ,
p ow erp la nt, m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
ment, and cu sto dia l w o r k e r s , by s e x -------------------------------- 26
Appendix A.
Ap p end ix B.

Scope and method o f s u r v e y ----------28
Occup ational d e s c r i p t i o n s ------------- 31

Introduction
T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 74 in w h ic h the U.S. D e p a rt m e n t o f L a b o r ' s B u re au
o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s conducts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and r e l a t e d
b e n e f i t s . (S ee l i s t o f a r e a s on in s i d e b ack c o v e r . ) In e ach a r e a , oc c u p atio n al
e a r n in g s data ( A - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e c o l l e c t e d annually. In f o r m a t i o n on e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n ta r y w a g e b e n e f i ts ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) is
ob ta ined e v e r y t h i r d y e a r . T h i s r e p o r t has no B - s e r i e s t a b le s .

E a c h y e a r a f t e r a l l i n d iv id u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s h a ve b e en c o m ­
p l e t e d , tw o s u m m a r y b u lle tin s a r e is s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b r i n g s t o g e t h e r data
f o r e ach m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; the se co n d p r e s e n t s na tio n al and
r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s , p r o j e c t e d f r o m in d iv id u al m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a data, f o r
a l l Stand ard M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s in the U n it e d S ta te s , e xc lu d in g
A l a s k a and H a w a ii.

A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is the ne e d
to d e s c r i b e the l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s ,
th ro u g h the a n a ly s is o f (1) the l e v e l and d is tr ib u t io n o f w a g e s b y occup ation,
and (2) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s by oc c u p a tio n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l . The
p r o g r a m d e v e l o p s i n f o r m a t i o n that m a y be used f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s , includin g
w a g e and s a l a r y a d m i n i s t r a t i o n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g , and a s s i s t a n c e in
d e t e r m i n i n g plant l o c a t i o n . S u r v e y r e s u lt s a ls o a r e used b y the U.S. D e p a r t ­
m en t o f L a b o r to m a k e w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n s un der the S e r v i c e C o n t ra c t A c t
o f 1965.




A - s e r i e s ta b le s
T a b l e s A - 1 th ro u gh A - 6 p r o v i d e e s t i m a t e s o f s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y
o r h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r w o r k e r s in occup ations c om m o n to a v a r i e t y o f
m an u fac tu rin g and no n m an u fa ctu rin g i n d u s t r i e s . F o r the 31 l a r g e s t s u r v e y
a r e a s , t a b l e s A - 8 th ro u gh A - 13 p r o v i d e s i m i l a r data f o r e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e m p l o y i n g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e .
T a b l e A - 7 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t changes in a v e r a g e h o u rly e a r n in g s
o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s , e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g w o r k e r s , i n d u s tr ia l
n u r s e s , s k i l l e d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s w o r k e r s , and un skilled plant w o r k e r s .
W h e r e p o s s i b l e , data a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll in d u s tr ie s and f o r m a n u f a c ­
tu r in g and n onm anu fa cturin g s e p a r a t e l y . Data a r e not p r e s e n t e d f o r s k i l l e d
m a in te n a n c e w o r k e r s in no nm anu fa ctu rin g b e c a u s e the nu m b e r o f w o r k e r s
e m p l o y e d in this oc c u p a tio n a l g ro u p in no nm anufa cturing is to o s m a l l to
w arran t separate presentation .
T h is ta b le p r o v i d e s a m e a s u r e o f w a g e
tr e n d s a f t e r e li n i m a t i o n o f changes in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s cau sed by e m p l o y ­
m en t shifts am on g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s as w e l l as t u r n o v e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts
in c lu d e d in s u r v e y s a m p l e s . F o r f u r t h e r d e t a i l s , s ee ap pendix A.
A p p e n d ixe s
A p p e n d ix A d e s c r i b e s the m eth od s and c on cep ts used in the a r e a
w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m and p r o v i d e s i n f o r m a t i o n on the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
A p p e n d ix B p r o v i d e s jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s used by B u re a u f i e l d e c o n o ­
m i s t s to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s b y occupation.

A. Earnings
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1977
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Num
ber
of
worken

Average
weekly
h
oursl
(standard]

N um ber o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly earn in gs o f—
5

5
80
Mean

Median l

Middle ranged

S
90

110

120

1

S

S

J
lo o

130

140

150

160

S
E
S
S
170
180
190
200

'S
S
S
S
210
220
260
240

E ^ E
280
300

i

320

and
under

340
and

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

over

12
9
3
1
2

37
20
17
4
7
6

43
15
28
8
15
5

107
13
94
1
2
18
42
31

164
38
126
2
4
30
55
35

231
95
136
15
28
17
54

267
104
163
16
11
19
88
29

326
144
182
21
4
11
109
37

308
138
170
15
9
13
40
93

362
152
210
12
5
10
48
135

368
201
167
21
54
7
42
43

655
347
308
66
29
3
65
145

550
409
141
45
17
5
18
56

421
308
113
43
20
2
8
40

191
129
62
20
12
2
3
25

91
48
43
25
9
-

22

237
93
144
16
1
24
70
33

29
18
11
8
3
*

37
21
16
11
5
-

-

.
-

•
-

.
*

19
19

9
4
5

28
23
5

1
1

10
3
7

1
1

1
1

17
16
1

13
5
8

39
11
28

32
15
17

24
20
4

46
36
10

32
30

10
10
-

23
17
6

4
4
-

9
9

20
20

10
1
9

27
5
22

40
24
16

1

42
25
17
1
10

60
20
40
2
27
2
4

123
65
58
13
14
20
9

106
59
47
3
5
10
27

158
113
45
16
15
5
7

83
68
15
5
10
, *

32
12
20
15
4
1

10
5
5
4
1
*

10
1
9
6
3
*

23
2
21
10
5
6

9
3
6
4
2
*

4
3
1
1
*

-

-

90

100

$
$
$
213 .00 1 8 0 .0 0 -2 4 8 .5 0
227 .50 1 9 4 .5 0 -2 5 7 .5 0
200 .00 1 6 9 .0 0 -2 2 8 .0 0
236 .00 1 9 9 .5 0 -2 6 8 .0 0
220 .00 1 9 0 .0 0 -2 5 6 .5 0
162.00 1 4 4 .0 0 -1 8 7 .0 0
180.00 1 5 8 .5 0 -2 0 3 .0 0
207 .50 1 8 6 .0 0 -2 2 8 .0 0

-

•
•
*

•
-

no

ALL WORKERS
SECRETARIES — -------MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES ■
WHOLESALE TRAOE RETAIL TRADE ---FINANCE — ------SERVICES --------

4 ,4 3 6
2 .3 0 2
2 ,1 3 4
337
213
173
667
744

3 9 ,0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 7 .0
3 9 .5

$
215 .00
226 .0 0
202 .5 0
237 .5 0
224 .5 0
168.00
182.00
2 07 .50

2
7

SECRETARIES* CLASS A
MANUFACTURING — —
nonmanufacturing —

305
1$1
114

3 8 .5 2 47 .50 255 .50 2 0 8 .5 0 -2 9 4 .5 0
39 .0 264 .50 278 .50 2 1 5 .0 0 -3 0 4 .5 0
3 8 .5 219 .50 223 .00 1 6 0 .0 0 -2 5 6 .0 0

SECRETARIES. CLASS B ----MANUFACTURING ------- ----

792
423
369
75
104
57
91

39 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 7 .0
3 9 .0

240 .00
2 49 .50
2 29 .50
2 69 .50
2 31 .50
2 21 .00
2 17 .00

240 .50
257.50
227 .0 0
268 .5 0
223.00
2 31 .00
2 13 .00

2 0 5 .0 0 -2 7 5 .0 0
2 2 5 .5 0 -2 7 6 .5 0
1 9 0 .5 0 -2 6 2 .0 0
2 2 6 .5 0 -3 1 4 .5 0
2 1 6 .0 0 -2 6 7 .0 0
1 8 4 .0 0 -2 4 0 .5 0
1 9 0 .5 0 -2 5 6 .5 0

•
-

.
-

1
1

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

11

-

-

1

-

*

-

1

6

*

7
9
6

2
10
-

57
21
36
10
20

SECRETARIES. CLASS C ----- --MANUFACTURING------- ---- --NONMANUFACTURING -----------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------WHOLESALE t r a d e ---- -----FINANCE ------------------SERVICES ------------------

1,4 31
772
659
147
63
197
207

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 7 .0
3 9 .5

220 .50
2 25 .50
214 .50
2 47 .00
221 .50
193.50
2 21 .50

2 24 .00 1 9 3 .0 0 -2 4 5 .5 0
230 .00 1 9 7 .5 0 -2 5 4 .5 0
2 18 .50 1 8 5 .5 0 -2 3 3 .5 0
244 .00 2 2 0 .5 0 -2 6 8 .0 0
2 16 .50 2 0 2 .0 0 -2 5 1 .5 0
2 00 .00 1 7 7 .0 0 -2 1 3 .0 0
2 27 .50 2 1 5 .5 0 -2 2 8 .0 0

_
-

-

•

4
4
-

13
10
3
-

-

-

-

-

-

13
•
13
•
•
12
-

28
4
24
•
11
3

47
17
30
13
7
3

60
34
26
8
14

64
29
35
1
1
12
11

97
51
46
7
1
36
1

82
57
25
4
1
10
10

114
57
57
11
3
35
5

139
59
80
14
18
32
15

329
149
183
27
8
27
117

232
175
57
31
5
7
14

141
108
33
25
5
3

32
14
18
12
1
5

SECRETARIES. CLASS D — — —
MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING --------PUBLIC u t i l i t i e s -----FINANCE ---------------SERVICES ---------------

1 .7 15
791
924
106
379
370

39 .0 168.50
3 9 .5 2 00 .00
3 8 .5 179.00
3 8 .0 195.00
3 7 .0 166.00
4 0 .0 192.00

188.50
2 02 .50
179.50
188.00
167.00
199.50

1 6 1 .5 0 -2 1 3 .0 0
1 7 2 .5 0 -2 2 7 .5 0
1 5 4 .0 0 -2 0 1 .5 0
1 6 3 .5 0 -2 2 6 .5 0
1 4 9 .5 0 -1 8 4 .0 0
1 7 7 .0 0 -2 0 7 .5 0

-

.
-

11

70
9
61
1
30
13

160
58
102
16
62
18

161
66
95
15
64
12

183
69
114
14
63
35

162
59
103
1
30
63

154
116
38
5

162
120
42
23

99
79
20
11

44
35
9

-

2

8
7
1
1

44
26

133
55
78
15
42
13

188
54
134
13
120

-

-

-

-

-

-

29
5
24
15
5

118
30
88

-

33
20
13
7
6

24

19

8

7

-

-

*

*

STENOGRAPHERS --------------MANUFACTURING------- ---NONMANUFACTURING ------ —
PUBLIC UTILITIES -----WHOLESALE TRADE ------FINANCE ---------------SERVICES ---------------

1 ,7 84
917
867
275
113
317
127

3 9 .0 175.00
3 9 .5 177.00
38.0 173.50
3 8 .0 2 01 .50
4 0 .0 178.00
3 7 .5 152.00
3 8 .5 162.00

169.00
173.50
165.00
193.50
172.50
148.50
169.00

1 4 8 .5 0 -1 9 9 .0 0
1 5 3 .0 0 -2 0 5 .0 0
1 4 4 .5 0 -1 9 3 .0 0
1 6 5 .5 0 -2 2 4 .5 0
1 5 0 .0 0 -2 1 0 .0 0
1 4 0 .5 0 -1 6 3 .5 0
1 3 2 .5 0 -1 8 6 .0 0

-

6
6
•
6
*

24

25
14
11
-

111
49
62
9
3
43
7

227
75
152
37
1
89
19

181
124
57
12
15
28
*

233
99
134

114
96
18
12
-

95
62
33
17
14

129
74
55
48
6

20
-

•
-

-

-

16

no
47
63
24
15
4
14

41
33

11
79
13

223
154
69
18
7
19
20

110
36
74
25
10

2

99
42
57
1
13
25
16

5

“

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .0
4 0 .0

167.50
175.00
155.00
188.50
150.00

1 3 9 .0 0 -2 0 6 .5 0
1 4 4 .0 0 -2 0 6 .5 0
1 3 6 .0 0 -2 0 3 .5 0
1 5 0 .0 0 -2 2 2 .5 0
1 2 9 .5 0 -1 6 9 .0 0

6
6
6

24
12
12

23
14
9
2

70
25
45
1
13

57
21
36
9
3

85
33
52
37
1

57
25
32
12
15

44
10
34
22
6

65
49
16
12
2

27
6
21
14
2

45
28
17
11
1

68
60
8
7

169.50
171.50
167.00
198.50
156.50
170.00

1 5 4 .0 0 -1 9 3 .5 0
1 5 4 .5 0 -2 0 1 .5 0
1 4 8 .5 0 -1 8 8 .0 0
1 8 7 .0 0 -2 1 2 .5 0
1 4 5 .5 0 -1 6 5 .5 0
1 4 9 .5 0 -1 8 6 .0 0

142
42
100
76
19

189
89
100
5
75
11

158
105
53
5
18
19

65
19
46
14
4
9

46
36
10
-

2

54
28
26
20
6

83
30
53

-

29
17
12
6
6

124
99
25

-

2
2
-

nonm anufacturing

-------------

PUBLIC UTILITIES -----WHOLESALE TRAOE ------FINANCE ---------------SERVICES ---------------

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL — —
MANUFACTURING — -----------NONMANUFACTURING ----------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------WHOLESALE TRAOE --------STENOGRAPHERS. SENIOR ---MANUFACTURING — --------NONMANUFACTURING------ —
WHOLESALE TRADE ------FINANCE ---------------SERVICES ---------------

715
336
379
207
61
1,0 69
581
488
52
244
93

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 7 .5
3 9 .0

174.00
175.50
173.00
198.50
152.50
176.00
178.00
173.50
208 .50
156.50
171.50

•

-

-

“
-

-

-

9
2
1
1
12
12
1
1
10

-

1
-

-

See footnotes at end of tables.




3

2
7

2

23

22

22

8
20
13

-

5

8

-

2

-

-

8

20

7
1

13

2

36
36
30
6

“

*

5

"

*

*

29
19
10
5
5

59
23
36
32
4

16
11
5
5
-

12
12
12
*

28
28
28

*

_
“

•
*

66
43
23
9

70
51
19

25
22
3
1

a
-

8
8
6

-

.
-

.
-

2

8
2
5

-

-

-

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1977— Continued
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Num
ber
of
workeis

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard]

Nu m ber o f w o rk ers re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly earn in gs o f—

s

S

s

S

s

S

S

S

s

I

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

1

90

100

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

90

Occupation and industry division

100

no

120

130

140

ISO

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

over

-

12
-

11
1

22
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

27
19
8
6
2

44
40
4
2
-

26
10
16
-

11
11
1
-

-

12
12
12
-

•
-

•
—
-

80
Mean *

Median *

Middle ranged

and
under

and

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
174
130
76

3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 6 .5

$
139 .00
119.00
112 .50

122.00
116 .00
108 .00

$
$
1 0 9 ,5 0 -1 8 6 .5 0
1 0 8 .0 0 *1 3 2 .0 0
9 9 .0 0 -1 1 6 .0 0

-

24
24
24

20
20
19

31
31
15

19
19
*

18
18
10

7
7
6

8
8
*

2
2
2

TYPISTS
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES WHOLESALE TRADE —
FINANCE -----SERVICES ---------

1 ,3 8 4
588
796
82
no
M2
161

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 6 .5
3 7 .5

142.50
152.50
135.50
189.50
140.00
116.50
157.00

131 .50
142 .50
124 .00
168 .50
136 .00
116.00
138.00

1 1 5 .0 0 -1 5 3 .0 0
1 2 9 .0 0 -1 8 0 .0 0
1 1 0 .5 0 -1 4 7 .5 0
1 5 9 .0 0 -2 0 6 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0 -1 5 1 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0 -1 2 4 .0 0
1 1 7 .5 0 -1 8 1 .5 0

39
22
17
6
-

40
1
39
3
36
*

170
30
140
6
107
26

183
43
140
10
103
19

238
79
159
1
27
112
13

140
87'
53
12
12
29

166
103
63
8
12
28
12

106
43
63
24
27
4
6

23
11
12
9
1
2
*

44
22
22
8
3
1
10

77
49
28
9
2
1
16

21
16
5
2
1

17
13
4
4

2

*

*

2

16

10

*

*

*

•

TYPISTS. CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ----- NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES SERVICES -----

M8
202
216
56
52

3 9 .0 167.50 153 .50
4 0 .0 170.50 167.00
3 8 .0 164.50 150.00
3 9 .5 2 02 .00 182.50
3 6 .0 2 02 .00 2 2 4 .0 0

1 2 9 .0 0 -1 8 4 .5 0
1 3 8 .5 0 -1 8 8 .5 0
1 2 2 .0 0 -1 8 4 .0 0
1 6 0 .0 0 -2 2 2 .5 0
1 7 0 .0 0 -2 5 0 .0 0

_
-

.
*

26
26
8

26
26
2

64
33
31
*

37
19
18
•
1

46
39
7
-

29
6
23
16
2

12
5
7
5
*

21
7
14
6
5

60
44
16
9
6

10
6
4
2
2

2
2
*
*

14
11
3
3
*

27
25
2
2
*

21
5
16
16

11
11
1
10

*

12
12
12
*

•
*
*

—
—
•

TYPISTS. CLASS B ---MANUFACTURING -----nonmanufacturing —
PUBLIC UTILITIES
wholesale trade FINANCE ----SERVICES ---------

966
386
580
26
89
325
109

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .5
3 8 .0
4 0 .0
3 6 .5
3 8 .5

132.00
143.00
124.50
162.00
141.00
114.50
136.00

126.00
134.00
120.00
159.00
147 .50
113.00
131.50

1 1 2 .0 0 -1 4 5 .5 0
1 2 1 .0 0 -1 5 2 .5 0
1 0 8 .0 0 -1 3 8 .0 0
1 4 5 .0 0 -1 6 8 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0 -1 5 1 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0 -1 2 4 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0 -1 4 0 .0 0

39
22
17
6
-

40
1
39
3
36
-

144
30
114
6
89
18

157
43
114
4
85
17

174
46
128
1
27
81
13

103
68
35
•
7
28

120
64
56
8
12
21
12

77
37
40
8
26
4

11
6
5
4
1
-

23
15
8
2
1
5

17
5
12
2
10

11
10
1
1
-

15
11
4
4
-

13
8
5
3
2
-

17
15
2
•
2

5
5
-

•
-

.
—
•
-

-

-

.
•
-

_
—
—
-

-

.
—
-

FILE CLERKS ----------MANUFACTURING -----NONMANUFACTURING —
FINANCE ---------SERVICES ---------

737
145
592
341
82

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0
3 7 .0
4 0 .0

128.50
164.50
120.00
115.00
118.50

118.50
159.50
113.50
113.00
111.50

1 0 7 .0 0 -1 3 6 .5 0
1 3 1 .0 0 -1 8 1 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0 -1 2 7 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0 -1 2 7 .0 0
9 8 .0 0 -1 2 4 .5 0

1
1
*

100
100
70
22

125
125
95
15

158
23
135
53
13

120
13
107
61
18

66
17
49
35
2

39
8
31
13
7

30
17
13
8
1

15
12
3
2
1

18
11
7
3
*

17
16
1
*

4
1
3
1
1

2
2
•

7
1
6

17
12
5

10
9
1

7
3
4

1
•
1

•
•

*
•
•

•
•

-

-

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

FILE CLERKS. CLASS A
NONMANUFACTURING —

106
79

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

162.50
147.00

142.00
138.00

1 2 5 .5 0 -1 7 1 .0 0
1 2 4 .5 0 -1 4 8 .5 0

_
*

*

2
2

4
4

27
27

13
13

13
13

15
4

3
2

6
6

*

1
1

-

-

7
1

7
1

7
4

1
1

-

-

-

FILE CLERKS. CLASS P
MANUFACTURING -----NONMANUFACTURING —
FINANCE ----------

228
86
142
61

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 7 .0

137.00
159.00
123.50
122.00

128.00
156.00
121.00
127.00

1 1 2 .0 0 -1 4 9 .0 0
1 3 2 .5 0 -1 8 1 .5 0
1 0 8 .5 0 -1 2 8 .5 0
1 0 9 .5 0 -1 2 8 .0 0

1
1
-

10
10
-

41
41
19

31
13
18
4

43
6
37
23

37
16
21
12

11
7
4
3

6
6
*

11
10
1
*

5
5
*

11
10
1
*

2
1
1
-

2
2
-

7
1
6
-

7
6
1

3
3

•
_

•

•
•

•
•

—

-

-

-

-

-

FILE CLERKS, CLASS C
nonmanufacturing —
FINANCE ----------

403
371
235

3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 7 .0

115.00
112.50
109.00

110.50
110.50
107.00

1 0 1 .0 0 -1 2 0 .5 0
1 0 0 .0 0 -1 1 9 .5 0
9 6 .5 0 -1 1 4 .0 0

*

90
90
70

82
82
74

123
113
45

50
43
27

16
15
10

15
14
5

9
9
4

1
-

7
1

6
-

1
1

-

•

•

•

MESSENGERS ----------MANUFACTURING ---—
NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES
FINANCE ---------

277
117
160
36
60

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
39 .0
3 9 .5
38 .0

145.50
156.50
138.00
195.50
126.50

130.00
142.50
124.50
155.50
120.50

1 1 5 .0 0 -1 6 4 .5 0
1 2 7 .5 0 -1 7 7 .5 0
1 1 0 .0 0 -1 4 1 .5 0
1 3 0 .0 0 -2 7 9 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0 -1 4 1 .5 0

.
-

14
•
14
«
2

28
5
23
5

45
14
31
19

49
28
21
6
9

34
11
23
10
3

24
4
20
18

9
2
7
4
2

25
22
3
1
2

5
2
3
-

2
2

_

•
•
•

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS
MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC UTILITIES
SERVICES --------

338
85
253
52
122

3 9 .5 176.50 164.50
3 9 .5 2 1 2 .5 0 2 15 .00
3 9 .5 164.50 139.50
3 9 .0 2 08 .50 2 15 .50
3 9 .5 143.50 138.00

1 3 8 .0 0 -2 1 5 .5 0
1 8 2 .0 0 -2 4 8 .0 0
1 3 6 .0 0 -1 9 3 .5 0
1 9 1 .0 0 -2 5 7 .5 0
1 3 6 .0 0 -1 4 2 .0 0

•

.
-

-

-

11
11

18
18
6
12

11
11

89
89
1
69

20
3
17

17
7
10

10
*
10

-

-

-

15
7
8
5
1

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE TYPISTS
n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----FINANCE

-

-

10

-

12

1

-

-

-

-

14
14

-

-

-

-

-

-

14
10
4
1
1

23
6
17
5
7

10
5
5
3
2

26
8
18
13
5

3
3

-

1
1

m

-

12
12
-

24
11
13
3
1

•

1
1
1

43
27
16
15
1

5
•
5
5

•
•
-

9
9
9

7
1
6

•
•




4

.
-

m
m
•
•

•

•

•

•

*
'

See footnotes at end of tables.

-

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1977— Continued
W eek ly earnings
(standard)
Number

Average
w eekly
hours1

1

Num ber of w o rk ers re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e w eek ly .ea rn in gs of--S

S

s

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

t

$

S

$

S

S

$

S

1-------1------- f ----320
340
300

workeis

(standard)

M ean

^

M edian

*

M iddle ranged

80
and
under

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

240

260

280

90

Occupation and industry division

100

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

24Q

260

280

300

320

340

over

-

50
22
28
10
7

25
25

79
10
69
10
25
15
10

42
17
25
1
13
2
4

51
18
33
11
1
1
15

86
58
28
2
17
8

15
11
4
2
2
•

14
12
2
2
-

5
4
1
1

3
2
1
1
-

3
3

7
1
6
6

•

-

5
4
1
1
•

-

-

-

-

—
—
-

-

•

-

-

-

-

—

-

11
3
8
2
2
2

12
10
2

26

31
23
8
8

28
26
2
2

23
19
4
4

10
9
1
1

70
22
48
48

13
1
12
10

28

17
11
6
6

-

-

-

-

-

*

3
3

-

-

50
19
31
31

16
16

28
28

27
25
2
2

55
55

26
13

6
3
3
3

8
8

6

27

14
14

6

2
2

16
16

54
54

16
16

-

-

-

and

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING ------ -----------NONMANUFACTURING-------- — ----PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---- -— -------

$
$
$
$
140.50 136.00 1 2 1 .0 0 -1 6 1 .0 0
151.50 157.50 1 2 9 .0 0 -1 6 7 .0 0
134.00 129.50 1 1 7 .5 0 -1 4 6 .0 0
173.50 152.00 1 3 6 .0 0 -1 8 3 .5 0
137.00 130.00 1 2 1 .0 0 -1 4 9 .0 0
125.50 124.00 1 2 4 .0 0 -1 3 6 .0 0
127.00 123.00 1 1 0 .0 0 -1 3 9 .5 0

SERVICES -------- — --- ---- ----

569
205
364
36
105
60
121

3 9 ,5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .0
4 2 .0

ORDER C L E R K S ------- ---- ------ ----MANUFACTURING---------- ---- —
NONMANUFACTURING WHOLESALE TRADE ---

532
288
244
169

3 9 .5 189.50
3 9 .5 202 .00
4 0 .0 174.50
4 0 .0 196.50

185.00
185.50
185.00
187.00

ORDER CLERKS. CLASS A MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING ----WHOLESALE TRAOE —

187
135
52
50

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

240.50
254 .50
204 .50
205.00

220 .00 1 9 6 .5 0 -2 8 4 .5 0
281 .00 2 1 6 .0 0 -2 8 4 .5 0
202 .50 1 9 5 .5 0 -2 0 9 .5 0
207 .50 1 9 6 .5 0 -2 0 9 .5 0

ORDER CLERKS. CLASS B MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING ----WHOLESALE TRADE ----

345
153
192
119

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

162.00
156.00
166.50
192.50

146.00
146.00
140.50
185.00

1 3 4 .5 0 -2 3 4 .0 0
1 4 6 .0 0 -2 7 8 .5 0
1 2 4 .5 0 -2 0 0 .0 0
1 8 4 .0 0 -2 0 9 .5 0

1 2 4 .5 0 -1 8 5 .0 0
1 2 9 .5 0 -1 6 5 .0 0
1 2 4 .5 0 -1 8 5 .0 0
1 5 2 .5 0 -2 6 1 .0 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS —
MANUFACTURING-------- ---- NONMANUFACTURING ---------PUBLIC UTILITIFS -------WHOLESALE TRADE --------RETAIL TRADE -----------FINANCE --------SERVICES ------ ---- -------

2 ,2 5 1
802
1,4 49
440
502
210
179

3 9 .5 175.00 153.50 1 2 9 .0 0 -2 1 7 .5 0
3 9 .5 207.50 192.00 1 4 4 .0 0 -2 7 4 .5 0
39 .0 157.00 139.00 1 1 4 .0 0 -1 8 3 .0 0
3 9 .5 253 .00 262 .50 2 2 3 .0 0 -2 7 6 .5 0
3 9 .5 166.00 155.50 1 2 6 .5 0 -2 0 3 .0 0
3 9 .5 125.00 124.50 1 0 4 .5 0 -1 3 6 .0 0
3 7 .0 155.00 149.50 1 3 8 .0 0 -1 6 9 .0 0
3 8 .5 162.00 138.00 1 1 8 .5 0 -1 7 5 .5 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------PUBLIC UTILITIES — ------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------RETAIL TRADE ------------ F I N A N C E ------------ -----SERVICES ------------------

756
336
420
29
167
59
105
60

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
37 .0
3 8 .5

ACCOUNTING CLERKS, CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING -----NONMANUFACTURING PUBLIC UTILITIES
WHOLESALE TRADE —
RETAIL TRADE --FINANCE -----------------SERVICES ---------------BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS
MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANUFACTURING-------WHOLESALE TRADE -----— —

lie

1 ,4 95
466
1,029
89
273
443
105
119
217
80
137
58

-

-

9

55
13
42
12

-

-

16

21

118
27
91
22
31
38

21
10
11
9

76
26
50
3

-

-

-

20
10
10
1

-

-

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

*

-

12
10
2
-

20
10
10
1

21
10
11
9

74
26
48
1

25
•
25
12

30
23
7
7

28
26
2
2

17
16
1
1

2
1
1
1

45
45
45

7
1
6
6

1
1
1

13
11
2
2

11
11
•

4
4
-

34
3
31
31

1
1
*

*

*

12

126

131
11
120

155
20
135

197
50
147

295
92
203

144
52
92

139
50
89

111
30
81
2
38
13
15
13

66
33
33
1
15
7
10
-

51
20
31
2
12
11
6
*

71
9
62
17
28
4
12
1

86
33
53
4
27
10
6
6

80
46
34
15
17
1
1
*

92
60
32
14
9
1
8

126
65
61
34
6
1
20

150
105
45
12
29
4

65
49
16
14
2

20
18
2
2
*

43
5
38

67
24
43

43
28
15

41
24
17

62
40
22
5
6

130
86
44
12
29

58
46
12
10

20*
18
2
2

-

-

-

-

6
4

27
27

-

-

-

-

*
.
-

-

•

•

-

-

21
20
41
10

21
22
35
11

.
-

12

39

37

45
12
33

48
14
34

36
4
32

26
18
8

36
13
23

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
1
4

7
10
6

24
1
12
1

27
9
5
2

13
1
1

9
1

*

7

1
10

3

2

28
4
24
17
4

19
9
10
4

37
18
19
15
4

51
36
15
14

64
25
39
29

20
19
1
-

7
3
4
4

•

-

-

-

-

3
-

•
•

•
•

-

•
. -

-

1

10

•

2
2
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

126

131
11
120

146
20
126

185
50
135

-

126

-

•

-

9

12

39

37

-

-

-

-

1
8

1
3

-

6
25
6

7
10
9
7

256
92
164

107
52
55

94
38
56

28
1
10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11

18
97

43
67

-

-

-

1

11

10

31
62
9
24

26
90
2
17

36
67
32
29

21
14
16
4

14
12
26
4

-

20
20

13
11
2

10
10
-

39
39

20
6
14
14

63
38
25
19

22
4
18
9

3

5

13
7
3
11
82
41
41
1
21

9
12
11

-

15
7

10
1

75
26
49
2
38
4
3
2

40
15
25
1
12
6
6
-

-

-

1
1
4

2
1
1

5
3
2

2
2

16
2
14
13

2
2
-

1
1
-

8

8

2
5
1

-

-

_
—

64
68
42
29

9

•

3
3

-

-

.

-

27
93
10
17

12

1 2 3 .0 0 -1 4 8 .0 0
1 1 7 .5 0 -1 4 8 .0 0
1 2 3 .0 0 -1 5 0 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0 -1 5 0 .0 0

-

-

3 9 .5 149.50 136.00 1 1 5 .0 0 -1 6 7 .0 0
3 9 .5 171.50 151.00 1 3 2 .5 0 -1 9 3 .0 0
3 9 .5 139.50 129.50 1 0 9 .5 0 -1 5 5 .0 0
4 0 .0 239 .50 2 46 .00 2 0 9 .5 0 -2 6 2 .5 0
4 0 .0 138.50 134.00 1 1 0 .0 0 -1 6 6 .0 0
3 9 .5 118.50 112.50 1 0 0 .0 0 -1 3 2 .5 0
3 6 .5 147.00 142.00 1 3 8 .0 0 -1 5 3 .0 0
3 8 .5 140.50 126.50 1 1 2 .0 0 -1 3 8 .0 0

12

-

•

31
63
17
24

8
-

-

-

-

.
-

-

-

43
67
10

-

126

-

-

-

-

12
11

1

130
55
75
1
34
15
13
12

1

140.50
144.00
130.00
143.00

3

-

-

139.50
143.50
137.00
151.50

3

-

2 18 .50 1 6 9 .5 0 -2 8 4 .5 0
275 .50 2 1 5 .0 0 -2 9 6 .0 0
190.00 1 5 3 .5 0 -2 3 2 .0 0
2 85 .00 2 8 5 .0 0 -3 0 3 .5 0
2 10 .00 1 6 8 .0 0 -2 4 3 .0 0
172.00 1 5 7 .0 0 -1 9 0 .0 0
150.50 1 4 2 .0 0 -1 8 8 .5 0
175.50 1 6 3 .5 0 -2 4 7 .5 0

3 8 .5
39 .0
3 8 .5
39 .0

6
6
-

-

6
6

18
97
11

225 .00
258 .00
198.50
2 93 .50
210 .50
174.50
163.00
205 .50

1
1

1
1
1

-

-

25
22
3
3

See footnotes at end of tables.




2
2
2

•

-

*
-

4
4
-

*
4
4
*
*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

*

-

.

•

-

.

-

-

-

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1977— Continued
W eek ly earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

A v erage
w eekly
hours1
(standard)

Nu m ber of w o rk ers re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e we ekly earning s of—

s

S
80

M ean *

M edian *

M iddle ranged

S

s

S

S

S

3

*

S

s

i

S

s

S
T
S
s
S
S
S
340
320
260
280
300
220
240

90

100

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

13

10
10
-

29

59
34
25

3
2
1

2

1

-

•

2

3
2
1

2
2

14

2
1
1

-

29

20
6
14

14

2

9
1
8

11
10
1

6
6
-

.
*

-

-

9
9
-

4
4
-

3
2
1

9
3
6

and
under
9Q

and
240

260

300

320

340

over

-

-

•

•

-

-

15
•
15

•
-

-

-

280

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORSCONT i n u e o
b o o k k e e p i n g -m a c h i n e

operators,
CLASS B ----------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------

3 9 .0
3 8 .5
39 .0

134.00
139.50
130.50

$
136 .00
144.00
130.00

$

178
69
109

$
1 2 2 .0 0 -1 4 5 .5 0
1 1 7 .5 0 -1 4 8 .0 0
1 2 6 .5 0 -1 4 3 .0 0

-

20
20

MACHINE BILLERS ----------------MANUFACTURING — ------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------

151
89
62

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

160.50
145.50
181.50

132.00
128.00
144.00

1 1 7 .5 0 -2 0 5 .5 0
1 1 7 .5 0 -1 7 5 .0 0
1 2 3 .5 0 -2 5 8 .5 0

.
*

•
*

30
22
8

26
20
6

19
12
7

10
10

*

BILLING-MACHINE b i l l e r s -----MANUFACTURING ----- — ---- ----

95
69

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

167.50
136.00

128.00
117.50

1 1 7 .5 0 -2 3 5 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0 -1 2 8 .0 0

-

-

22
22

20
20

11
11

4
-

-

-

6
6

-

*

1
*

.

*

*

-

1
1

4
4

2
2

9
3

-

-

-

-

b o o k k e e p i n g -m a c h i n e

56

3 9 .5

148.00

144.00

1 1 9 .0 0 -1 6 6 .0 0

-

-

8

6

8

6

-

9

10

-

-

-

8

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.
-

10
9
1

64
44
20

36
33
3

40
35
5

29
23
6

10
1
9

27
15
12

*

*

*

*

*

*

39
18
21
3

10
8
2
1

12
7
5
2

29
16
13
11

22
10
12
8

52
48
4
4

41
26
15
11

a
3

9
8
1
1

1
1

-

1
1

15

-

38
12
26

43
7
36

81
32
49
-

55
14
41
37

2
2

«

18

39
20
19
17

3
3

«

209
206
3
2

10
4
2
20

10
5
14
20

_
-

7

billers

PAYROLL CLERKS --------------MANUFACTURING ------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------PUBLIC u t i l i t i e s ------KEYPUNCH OPERATORS --------MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING -------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----WHOLESALE TRADE ------RETAIL TRADE ----------FINANCE ---------------S E R V I C E S ------- --------

447
309
138
44

3 9 .0 191.50 184.50 1 4 0 .5 0 -2 4 7 .5 0
3 9 .5 189.50 179.50 1 3 5 .0 0 -2 5 7 .5 0
3 8 .5 195.50 186.50 1 5 8 .0 0 -2 3 4 .0 0
3 8 .0 2 40 .00 2 3 4 .0 0 2 1 1 .0 0 -2 7 3 .0 0

1 ,5 37
685
852
122
204
159
211
156

3 9 .5 173.50
4 0 .0 1 9 1 .SO
3 9 .0 159.00
3 9 .5 220 .00
3 9 .5 146.00
4 0 .0 158.00
3 7 .5 152.00
3 9 .5 138.50

167.50
193.00
152.00
2 10 .50
140.00
154.00
154.00
137.00

1 3 9 .0 0 -2 0 2 .5 0
1 5 5 .0 0 -2 3 4 .0 0
1 2 8 .5 0 -1 7 9 .5 0
1 8 5 .0 0 -2 6 2 .5 0
1 2 2 .0 0 -1 6 5 .0 0
1 4 4 .0 0 -1 7 6 .0 0
1 3 3 .5 0 -1 7 2 .5 0
1 1 9 .0 0 -1 4 4 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS* CLASS A
MANUFACTURING--------- --NONMANUFACTURING------- -PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----- —
WHOLESALE TRADE -------F I N A N C E ----- ------------

568
214
354
60
52
111

3 9 .5 186.50
4 0 .0 196.50
3 9 .0 180.50
3 9 .5 2 44 .00
3 9 .5 179.00
3 7 .5 166.00

185.00
193.00
174.50
2 62 .50
168.50
172.00

1 6 0 .5 0 -2 0 1 .5 0
1 8 1 .5 0 -2 1 1 .0 0
1 5 6 .0 0 -1 9 1 .0 0
2 0 1 .0 0 -2 8 0 .0 0
1 5 9 .5 0 -2 1 1 .5 0
1 5 0 .5 0 -1 8 1 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING----- ----- -NONMANUFACTURING ---------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------WHOLESALE TRADE -------FINANCE -----------------

969
471
498
62
152
100

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
39 .0
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

151.00
190.50
142.00
199.50
128.50
144.50

1 2 8 .0 0 -2 0 3 .5 0
1 4 0 .5 0 -2 3 9 .0 0
1 2 2 .0 0 -1 5 4 .5 0
1 6 0 .5 0 -2 1 3 .0 0
1 1 9 .5 0 -1 5 3 .0 0
1 2 3 ,0 0 -1 5 4 .0 0

166.00
189.50
143.50
197.00
135.00
137.00

-

6
-

6
-

-

6
*

6
2

-

“

6
6
-

-

-

*

n

*

1

100
49
51
4
19
4
15
9

151
27
124
5
13
33
25
48

140
38
102
7
22
36
36
1

106
27
79
6
22
22
28
1

94
31
63
7
3
20
28
5

121
47
74
7
26
18
18
5

132
98
34
5
1
11
13
4

58
34
24
19
2
1
2
-

30
12
18
5
13

30
30

12
4
8

38
9
29

-

-

-

2
6

-

6

6

6
10

54
13
41
1
7
14

62
10
52
3
3
27

78
29
49
3
6
18

84
54
30
1
1
13

36
23
13

-

48
10
38
3
12
9

88
45
43
4
19
9

113
18
95
5
7
15

92
28
64
4
10
27

52
14
38
5
15
14

32
21
11
4
1

43
18
25
4
20

48
44
4
4

7

*

43

6

36

74
32
42

-

-

-

-

6

18
6

10
2

10
8

7

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




-

129
26
103
1
45
5
18
34

32
6
26

6
-

-

6

99
26
73
1
43
12

-

•

15

-

7

•
•

-

-

-

•
•

•
-

-

-

-

-

.

.

-

.
-

-

•
2

-

•

-

-

-

-

1

4

-

-

-

-

24
11
13

26
25
1

2
2

•

-

49
14
35
33

1
1

8

11
3
8
8

•

_

2
2

13

•

.

-

-

-

-

-

22
11
11
11

6
1
5
5

28
17
11
9

6

2
2

_

6
4

•

•

.

•

-

•

.

183
181
2
2

•

•
-

•

•

•
-

•

-

-

-

•

•

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1977
W eek ly earnings 1
(standard)
Number
of
workeis

N um ber o f w o rk e rs re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e w eek ly earn in gs o f—
s

A vera ge
w eekly
Ho u r 1
(standard)

s

and

ALL

COMPUTER

SYSTEMS

in d u s t r y d iv is io n

S

$

S

S

120

140

160

180

120

140

160

180

200

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

~

80
M ean 2

M edian 2

M iddle ran ge2

■5-------- S
1 -------- 1 -------- s —
220
240
200
280
260

ANALYSTS

$

$

JJU#ou

$

3 2 6•5 0

Ji i . o r w

* •

vu

■ 1 f
J

220

240

260

SYSTEMS

-

•

12
3
9
-

3
3
-

*

5

*

19
14
5
3
2
*

280

SYSTEMS

S

1 ------

S

380

400

440

480

520

560

300

320

340

360

380

400

440

480

520

560

600

54
31
23
3
6
13

75
47
28
4
15
7

77
37

79
54
25
4

51
41

40
4
23
8

82
47
35
4
18
3

10
2
1
3

59
56
3
-

11
5

95
82
13
1
5
6

38
37
1
•
-

19
19
•
-

7
7
•
•-

*

*

*

10
10

7
7

*

*

•

3
3

7
7

10
-

1

*

*

10

22
14
8

42
23
19

23
16
7

49
36
13

20
18
2

14
13
1

24
24

9
9

•

*

*

*

-

-

ANALYSTS
m

-

*

••

*

*

*

7
3
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

•
-

5

2
-

23

2
2

23
6
2
15

3
48

63
7
56
17
6
31

39
13
26

”

5
5

67
16
51
-

-

-

-

-

-

•

*

*

*

*

-

-

-

13
-

•

*

*

-

5
5
5

3 0 9 .0 0 -3 9 8 .5 0

j 9 J # 0 • bO

SYSTEMS

46
28
18
1
5
8

3 7 4 .0 0 -4 6 0 .0 0

3 7 3 .0 0

J 1 -7 • 0 v " “ J O . -3U

3 1 7 « 00

4
3
1

29
13
16

38
19
19

58
32
26

54
27
27

46
21
25

27
21
6

20
17
3

34
34

*

*

27
26
1

2
2

15
11

16
15

13
9

10
8

13
10

14
12

10
10

8
8

12
12

12
12

41
25
16
2
7
3

31
16
15
4
6
1

31

6
6
•

4

20
11
3
6

6
5
1
-

9
4
5

3
2
1
•
-

•

•

*

1

"*

1

*

*

2
2

1
1

ANALYSTS
5
3 ^ 1 *0 0

PROGRAMMERS

(BUSINESS)

507

3 38•50

Ci ( .

2 4 3 .5 0

2 4 1 .5 0

1 8 5 .0 0 -2 8 5 .0 0
£ J 1 . U Q " J U f . DO

2 2 4 *5 0

3 9 .0

313

2 1 5 .5 0

1 7 8 .5 0 -2 5 9 .0 0

.

3

0

4 0 .0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS
CLASS A - * * • * * * ” •

■ -l u-i

172

2 9 1 .0 0

82

PROGRAMMERS

2 8 4 .5 0

2 7 9 .0 0

2 7 4 .0 0

1
10
7

64
27
37
16
16
*

58
32
26
3
15
4

13
4
9

4
•
4

12
2
10

32
23
9

24
9
15

19
11
8

22
12
10

22
14

36
16

20

13

20

20

25
11
14

33
16
17

31
3
28

31
20
11

19
13
6

8
4
4

9
6
3

4
3
1

*

2
2
2

10
10
10

31
31
30

30
27
8

10
8

8
8

1
-

3
-

*

*

*

-

3
2
2

35

5
-

26

74
16
58
1
16
18

11 1
45
66

123
51
72

55
33
22
3

1
23

1

11
6
5
2
3

8
6

4
4

30
18
12
8
2
1
1

•

2

25
10
15
4
2

2
2
-

1
24
23

86
49
37
5

15
6
9

1
4

68
36
32
4

•

1
1
1

5
-

-

-

-

1
3
•
2
1

1
2
2

2
2
-

•
-

2 5 1 .0 0 -3 2 0 .5 0
2 3 8 .5 0 -3 1 0 .0 0

8

4
4
*

1
3

9
4

3
2

2
2

-

•

5

1

-

*

-

•

4

•

-

•

•

-

-

-

-

-

•
•
•

•
•

•

•

(BUSINESS).
luJ.00**(»O'.DQ

* ??

IO

PROGRAMMERS

-

53
18
35
2
23
10

(BUSINESS)t
* " • "

302 * 0 0

COMPUTER

S

360

1
4 0 9 .5 0

COMPUTER

5

S

340

ANALYSTS
^ 0 9 *0 0

COMPUTER

S

S
320

and
under

•

J (O fj U

COMPUTER

S
300

$

J c e . U U — "* J *

v C f . Jv

COMPUTER

S

WORKERS

Joj•OU

COMPUTER

100

100

O c c u p a tio n

j " • 30

-

2
2
-

(BUSINESS).

58

4 0 .0

1 6 7 .0 0

1 6 6 .0 0

c f 3 . b0

p n v w t . 1liMUc

1 5 2 .0 0 -1 6 6 .0 0

-

c j c . o i ) v b 7 i .(in

-

•

5

9
-

6
18

19

See footnotes at end of tables.




7

33
22

10

22
2

2

6
1

2

•
-

_

•

•

•

_
•
•

•

-

•

•

.
•

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1977— Continued
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
workers

S
weekly
hours1
(standard)

S

Median 2

Middle range2

S

S

s

S

S

$

S

s

S

S

S'

S

S

S

S

s

s

5

s

100

120

140

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

440

480

520

560

120

140

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

♦00

440

480

520

560

600

-

-

-

—

44
18
26

18
5
13

20
17
3

9
6
3

7
6
1

•
•

•
•

•

•
-

*

17
6
11

•

-

21
10
11

2
2

*

12
1
11

29

•

.

18

-

3
•

2
2

•

•

•

•

•

•

-

-

3

26
22
4
1
1

9
1
8
1

*

41
26
15
1
9

35
26
9
1

-

88
37
51
23
12

7
5

18
6
12

74
36
38
4
14

2

-

37
8
29
16

3

-

17
8

37
29

25
17

14
10

10
6

7
2

-

•

*

-

1
1

3
3

2
2

-

-

-

-

109
35
74

115
59
56

241
146
95
46
44

289
187
102
3
90

125

362
203
159
25
118

272
179

112
19
87

39S
259
136

11
44

208
110
98
31
61

321
209

5

259
166
93
24
60
34
24

29
24

30
20
10
10

58
35
23
23

99

162
101
61
57

190
111
79
61

210
142

5
5

123
65
58
50

119
49

71
64
7
7

58
58

.

.

63

80

Mean 2

of----

Num ber of w o rk ers r e c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly earn in g

and
100

ALU WORKERS*
CONTINUED
COMPUTER OPERATORS - CONTINUED
$
2 4 2 .0 0
2 5 5 .5 0
2 3 0 .5 0

$
2 3 4 .0 0
2 5 6 .5 0
2 3 2 .0 0

$
$
2 1 3 .0 0 - 2 7 5 .5 0
2 2 0 .5 0 - 2 8 6 .5 0
2 0 8 .0 0 -2 5 5 .5 0

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 7 .5

1 9 4 .5 0
2 0 3 .5 0
1 8 6 .0 0
1 7 8 .0 0
1 7 7 .0 0

1 8 7 .5 0
1 9 9 .0 0
1 8 1 .5 0
1 8 4 .0 0
1 8 0 .0 0

1 6 7 .0 0 -2 1 8 .5 0
1 7 9 .0 0 -2 3 1 .5 0
1 4 9 .0 0 -1 9 7 .0 0
1 4 6 .0 0 -1 8 7 .5 0
1 6 2 .5 0 -1 9 9 .0 0

121
83

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 7 2 .5 0
1 7 3 .5 0

1 6 0 .5 0
1 6 0 .0 0

1 4 7 .0 0 -1 8 7 .0 0
1 4 7 .0 0 -1 8 2 .5 0

3 ,6 6 2
2 ,1 7 4
1 ,4 8 8
197
1 ,2 3 3

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0
4 0 .0

2 5 5 .5 0
2 7 3 .5 0
2 2 9 .0 0
2 4 6 .5 0
2 2 4 .5 0

2 6 8 .0 0
2 8 2 .0 0
2 4 0 .0 0
2 2 2 .5 0
2 4 2 .0 0

1 9 8 .0 0 -3 2 0 .0 0
2 3 0 .5 0 -3 3 6 .5 0
1 5 0 .0 0 -3 0 0 .0 0
2 0 5 .5 0 -2 9 8 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0 -3 0 0 .0 0

1 ,3 9 5
996
399
369

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

3 1 7 .0 0
3 2 1 .0 0
3 0 7 .5 0
3 0 7 .5 0

3 2 7 .0 0
3 3 7 .5 0
3 1 0 .0 0
3 1 0 .0 0

2 9 2 .0 0 -3
2 9 5 .5 0 -3
2 8 7 .5 0 - 3
2 8 7 .5 0 - 3

DRAFTERS. CLASS B
MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING
SERVICES ------

949
440
509
430

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

2 6 7 .0 0
2 8 3 .0 0
2 5 3 .5 0
2 4 4 .5 0

2 8 0 .0 0
2 8 3 .0 0
2 6 4 .5 0
2 6 0 .0 0

2 4 0 .0 0 -3 0 3 .5 0
2 5 1 .5 0 -3 1 1 .5 0
2 0 7 .0 0 - 3 0 0 .0 0
1 9 0 .0 0 -2 9 2 .0 0

DRAFTERS. CLASS C
MANUFACTURING ---NONMANUFACTURING SERVICES -------

842
613
229
186

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 9 9 .0 0
2 0 6 .0 0
1 8 0 .5 0
1 7 1 .0 0

2 0 0 .0 0
2 1 0 .5 0
1 8 0 .5 0
1 7 8 .0 0

1 5 0 .0 0 -2 4 5 .5 0
1 7 0 .5 0 -2 5 3 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0 -2 1 5 .5 0
1 2 6 .0 0 -2 0 1 .5 0

DRAFTER-TRACERS MANUFACTURING -------

476
125

4 0 .0

1 5 1 .5 0
1 9 5 .5 0

1 4 0 .5 0
1 9 0 .0 0

1 0 4 .0 0 -2 0 0 .0 0
1 7 6 .0 0 -2 1 6 .0 0

3 2 3 .5 0
2 7 9 .5 0
3 3 3 .5 0
3 3 6 .5 0

3 3 2 .5 0

3 1 9 .0 0 -3 5 0 .0 0

2 9 8 .0 0
3 3 2 .5 0
3 3 2 .5 0

2 4 1 .0 0 -3 1 3 .5 0
3 3 2 .5 0 -3 5 0 .0 0
3 3 2 .5 0 -3 5 0 .0 0

2 9 0 .5 0
3 0 8 .0 0
3 1 7 .5 0

3 0 1 .5 0
3 2 5 .0 0
3 1 2 .5 0

2 5 5 .5 0 -3 2 5 .0 0
3 0 3 .5 0 - 3 2 5 .0 0
3 1 2 .5 0 - 3 3 0 .0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS A MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUFACTURING —

179
82
97

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING ----WHOLESALE TRADE — FINANCE

340
161
179
55
51

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING —
DRAFTERS
MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES
SERVICES -------DRAFTERS. CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING
SERVICES ------

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS
MANUFACTURING
n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------

847
150
697
620

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS. CLASS BNONMANUF A C T U R I N G ------ --------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------

112
66
27

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

5
5
4
4

1 .0 0
5 .5 0
0 .0 0
0 .0 0

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS, CLASS C-

61

4 0 .0

2 5 9 .0 0

2 5 9 .0 0

2 3 8 .0 0 -2 9 0 .0 0

REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSES -----MANUFACTURING ----

247
220

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 4 4 .5 0
2 4 5 .0 0

2 5 1 .0 0
2 5 1 .0 0

2 1 7 .5 0 - 2 7 5 .5 0
2 1 7 .5 0 -2 7 6 .0 0

•

5

-

5

35

126
66

35
-

282
56
226
-

35

226

60

-

60
-

2

-

•

-

-

.

•

-

-

-

6
6

-

*

*

5

10
10

.

.
-

-

*

45
45
45

17
17
17

32
7
25
24

29

-

25
25
25

20
17

79
47
32
27

•

99
64
35
35

55
32
23
23

47
28
19
17

129
95
34

-

81
56
25
25

88
48
40
36

81
66
15
7

133
102
31
14

35

201

9

45

64

-

-

2
2

3

31

40

62
29

51
13

7
7

•

-

-

•

_

•

3

36

33

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

33
3

24

-

-

*

•

*

*

*

*

2

13
7
6
1

-

22

9

9

74
25
23

70
60

9

175
100
75
68

*

30

33
21

•

_

-

.

-

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

-

21
3

8
5

2

15
5

-

-

-

*

*

-

*

*

*

-

1

-

-

-

«

•

-

See footnotes at end of tables.




68

11
18

8

5

’ «»

-

-

-

-

479
402
77

20
16
4

13

9

•

•

•

—

4
•

•
•

•

•

_

74

136
72
64
19
45

4

4

-

-

-

-

433
370
63
62

112
71
41
41

19
15
4
4

13
•
-

•
•

•

—
—

-

-

-

-

172
92
80
57

62
37
25
24

46
32
14

1
1

•
•

•
•

m

•

12

24
1
23
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

65
38
27
22

397
12
385
349

210
6
204

24
-

2
•

1
-

24

2

•
-

—

•
-

22

-

1
“

•
•

203

-

-

-

-

26
17
16

34
34

3

•

-

-

-

-

•

-

-

-

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

*

m

-

-

-

3

15

17

6

4

25
24

41
37

22
20

36

56
49

42

5

40

4

68
64

3

9
4
4

33

3
3

•

•

-

•

20

11
10

93
2
88

1

•

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1977
Average
(m ean 2 )

A verage
(m ean 2 )

Sex, 3 occupation, and in du stry d ivis io n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

-

Number
of
workers

W eek ly
hours 1
(standard)

W eek ly
earnings 1
(standard)

Sex, 3 occupation, and indu stry d ivis ion

MEN

office occupations

Number
of
workers

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

Average
(m e an 2 )

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry d ivis ion

39*'"

SECRETARIES

23b#00

W eekly
[standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
WOMEN— CONTINUED

-

WOMEN— CONTINUED

$

Number
of
workers

-

CONTINUED

-

$

$

SECRETARIt5f CLASS C

90
v H U t '»

L L l KFVj f

uLA j j

A

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

162.00
SERVICES

* " r ■■■

j u v

89
/

.y

242

K L 1A K 11 j y

w LA bj

U

1*714

* 1

/ A A
OeO

r IL L

C L L K IV j

MANUFACTURING

* "* ■

39
SERVICES
99

37

158.50

j T L it O b K A I 1 *L. K w
llO N n n r iU r A v 1 U K I N u

M v C U U I'l 1 JLI’ V
j

v ,L A j o

U

m J- mJ
L

a a "

135

JT7

FINANCC
394

manufacturing

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

38 . 0

137

39.0 131.50
1-1.00

38 • 5 173.50

^ , (

n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------—

K t-I A

93

2 QT

--------

1 1' AUCi

39 . 0
569

39.5 140.50

142.50
152.00
135.00

105

3 9 -5

36.5 116.50
157.50

130

SWITCHBOARD 0PERAT0R-RECEPTI6 n ISTS-

213
173

JO • u

743
,

„ A

188

vLA bb

A

x

™

246#SO
39.0 263.00

788

J l LW l 1 A rt 1 1 0 ?

39.0 239,50

m mm
m i

74

1Tr 1j

NONMANUFACTURING
r

INANLu

-----------------

—

--------------------

411

" a a —* * * " * ® * ® ® 1

A

229.00
< - J l# bU

213

2 2 1 .0 0

See footnotes at end of tables.




9

40.0 1 f U • 3 U
38.0 164.50
3 9 .3
204.00
36.0 2 0 2 . 0 0

121

w T T w k .sjw i.

127.00
39.5 155.50

|I I P

39e5 138.00
73

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1977— Continued
Sex,

3

occupation, and in du stry d ivis io n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
W0MEN--C0NTINUED
ACCOUNTING

CLERKS

••••" " '

am

m

1

" W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ------------------R E T A I L T R A D E ------------------------

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S , C L A S S B -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----- -------------------

RETAIL

TRADE

------------------------------------

----------------------------—

1,844
560

158.00
181.00

81
383
496
165
159

39.5
40.0
39.5
37.0
38.0.

243.50
154.00
124.00
154.50
152.50

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------- -----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G — ■ ■■
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------- -------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ---------------------------------------

484
172
312
126
54
80

39.0
40.0
38.5
39.5
39.0
37.0

199.50
231.00
182.00
189.50
170.50
161.50

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B — ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----- ---- ----------- ---N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E -------------------

1,360
388
972
73
257
442

39.5
39.5

143.00
159.00
137.00
238.00
136.50
118.50

-------------

133
TRADE

W eek ly
earnings1
(standard)

KEYPUNCH

OPERATORS

CONTINUED

-

40.0
40.0
39.5

$

137.50

38.5

PROFESSIONAL AND
OCCUPATIONS

Sex, 3 occupation, and in du stry d ivis ion

PROFESSIONAL
OCCUPATIONS -

39.5
39.5

115

WHOLESALE

W eek ly
hours 1
standard)

m 1

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S , C L A S S A ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------- ---------------------------- --------

UTILITIES

Sex, 3 occupation, and in du stry d ivis io n

Number
of
workers

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A O E --------------------------------------R E T A I L T R A O E ------------------------------------------------

PUBLIC

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

-

------------------------------------------------

N ttN H A N U ' A v 1u “ I N v

W eek ly
hours 1
(standard)

A v e rage
(m e a n 2 )

A verage
(m ean 2 )

A v e rage
(m ean 2 )
Number
of
woikers

40.0
39.0
39.5
39.5
37.5

195.00
177.50
237.00
179.00
166.00

959
469
490
55
152
99

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.0
39.5
37.5

165.00
189.00
142.50
191.00
135.00
137.00

PROGRAMMERS

1L K

a ■w 1L>

39.5
39.5

$
189.00
184.50

555
237
318
32
55
133
64

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.5
40.0
37.5
39.5

206.50
2 1 9 . SO
197.00
271.00
182.00
190.00
185.00

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----- --------- ---- — —
NONMANUFACTURING — - - - - - —
—

168
77
91

39.0
39.5
38.5

242.50
256.50
231.00

307
140
167

39.5
39.5
39*0

194.50
205.00
185.00

r n M P lIT F R

O PFRATO R S

39.5

200
142
58

- - - - - - - - - - - - -

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------- ----- ---W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ------------------F I N A N C E -------------------------------

39.5
40.0

337.00
317.50

n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g

39.0
39.0

153.50

411.00
424.00
378.00

130*50

137

_ _ _ _ _

60*0

384
354

40.0
40.0

312.00
312.50

40.0

254.00

255*50

60

39.0

161.50

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) , C L A S S B ---------------------------------

COMPUTER

SYSTEMS

(u U v IN C ia b l

------------------------------

UTILITIES

— — ----------

333

32

39.0

37.5

339
229
110

39.5

LOS
90

39*5
40.0

331,00
341.00

157
220
54

39*5
39.0
40.0

253.50
280.50
234.50
236.50

39.Q

360.50
381.50
317.00

♦

ANALYSTS

C LAbS

C

••••••*■ ■ "

*•■••••■■■■■■■■

39.0
39.5
39.5

*
156

39.5

••

■" ""

"
.
562

233.00

NONM ANUr A C

IU N i N b •

191.00
157.00
212.50
146.00
158.00
152.00
138.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS
CLASS A

PROGRAMMERS

NONMANUFACTURING

"" r*“ *
r*

—

145
79
66

39.0
39.5
38.5

295.50
305.50
284.00

39*5

246.50
258.00
237.00

m a n u f a c t u r i n g

39.5

ELECTRONICS

10

324.00

39.0
38.5

334.00
337.50

TECHNICIANS,

CLASS

27

40*0

317,50

290.50

B-

N O N M A N U rA v T U K IN b

PUBLIC

See footnotes at end of tables.

136.50

39.0

••••••■ * *

(BUSINESS),

---------------------

165*50

39.5

vj

N O N M AN U r AG IU N IN b

155

COMPUTER

""

——— —

39.5

in
820

DRAFTER-TRACERS

210.50

670
594

(BUSINESS),

60*0

222

176.00

W a N U r A v 1v K I N

674
833
104
204

m

NONMANUFACTURING

M A N U r A C 1U N IN C




------------------------------------

_________

N O N M AN U * A L IU K IIN O

89
H A N U r A C 1U K I N U

1K n U L

—

It 1 6 1

391

n A N U r A C iU “ *n »o
N O N M AN U r AC I UN IN b

109

n t 1A I L

------------------------------------------

iMi A L 1v 1 ^

OPERATORS,
JO * 3

N O N M A N U rA C T U K IN b

(BUSINESS),
77
70

NONMANUFACTURING

386*50

55
C vn P U

PUBLIC

-

177,50

iii

136.50

1

CLERKS

(BUSINESS)

------------- -- ----------------------

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE

PAYROLL

W eek ly
earnings 1
(standard)

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------- — ------------------NONMANUFACTURING — — — — —
—

205
343
49
52
111

TECHNICAL
- MEN

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( BUS I
j )
™
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING

W eekly
hours 1
standard)

AND TECHNICAL
MEN— CONTINUED

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS
(CONTINUED
COMPUTER

Number
of
workers

UTILITIES

—

—

—

—

Table A -3 . A verage w ee k ly earnings of office, professional, and technical w o rkers, by sex.
in Pittsburgh, P a., J an u a ry 1977— C ontinued
A verage
(m ean 2 )

A verage
(m e an 2 )

Sex, 3 occupation, and in du stry d ivis io n

Number
of
workers

W eek ly
hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings
(standard)

SYSTEMS

ANALYSTS

$

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS)

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

W eek ly
earnings1
(standard)

39 •0 202.00

C-LrA-SS

1




11

o
f

workers

432
85

-

76

See footn otes at end o f tables.

Sex, 3 occupation, and in du stry d ivis io n

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN— CONTINUED

334•00
93

A verage
(m e a n 2 )

Num
ber

PROFESSIONAL 6N0 TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN— CONTINUED

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN
COMPUTER

Sex, 3 occupation, and in du stry d ivis io n

*

Number
of
w o ik e is

39.0 209.00

150.50

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1977
N u m ber of w o rk e rs r e c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earn in gs of—

Occupation and industry d ivis io n
Middle range *

i
n

S
•

ALL

o
C
O
r
-

V
o

Mean *

i----T
S
3 ----3 ---- $
1 ----3 ---- S
-5----3 --S
s
S
S
3 --- T
s
S
$
S
S
4 .80 5.00 5.20 5 .40 5 .60 5 .80 6.00 6.20 6 .40 6.60 6.80 7.00 7.20 7.40 7.60 7.80 8.00 8.20 8.60 9 .00 9.40 9.80
Under
,
s
and
and
4.80 under
5 .60 S .80 6 .00 6.20 6.40 6 .60 6.80 7.00
7.40 7.6Q
over
5 .00 5.20
8,00 8.20 8.60 9.00 9,40

•
r
o
o

Hourly earnings

WORKERS

529
397
132
49

$
7 .2 4
7 .1 5
7 .4 9
6 .9 8

7 .1 9
7 .1 9
7 .0 8
7 .0 8

$
6.586.756.586.58-

$
7.99
7.60
8.31
7.08

-

8
8

4
4

24
24
-

17
17
-

5
5
-

8
8
-

30
24
6

20
13
7

24
5
19
17

7
4
3
3

31
28
3
-

118
90
28
22

37
36
1
1

47
44
3
3

6
4
2
-

20
17
3
-

16
4
12
3

74
74
•
-

2
•
2
-

•
-

25
25
-

6
6
-

l e 895
1 .6 87
208
123

7 .3 2
7 .2 8
7 .6 4
7 .3 9

7 .4 7
7 .4 7
7 .1 7
7 .1 7

6.656.647.057.17-

7.94
7.94
8.18
7.53

5
4
1

2
2

4
4
-

•
•

62
55
7

6
6
-

95
95
-

97
96
1

111
108
3

48
42
6

127
111
16
5

122
107
15
9

112
56
56
50

123
100
23
23

374
367
7
7

58
50
8
8

198
192
6
1

80
60
20

Ill
111
-

73
73
-

30
28
2
-

26
26
*

31
22
9
-

2*2

6 .7 8
6 .7 8
6 .8 0

6.38- 7.39
6.38- 6.97
5.65- 8.02

-

-

9
9

4
3
1

6
3
3

9
8
1

12
4
8

9
9

11
11
-

14
14
*

25
25

25
20
5

52
42
10

3
2
1

2

22

184
58

6 .7 8
6 .7 8
6 .7 8

1
1

18
4

10
10
*

•
-

6
2
4

16
12
4

5
5

.
-

•
-

2
2

1 .9 37
1 .8 2 3
114

7 .7 6
7 .7 9
7 .2 8

7 .9 0
8 .0 6
7 .1 7

7.47- 8.45
7.47- 8.45
7.17- 7.65

•
-

•
-

•
-

64
64
*

11
11
-

16
16
*

39
30
9

66
66
-

4
3
1

48
48
-

41
41
-

56
56
-

68
9
59

10
9
1

295
290
5

124
94
30

143
141
2

121
114
7

749
749
-

38
38
-

24
24
-

•
“

20
20
-

2*291
2 ,1 9 7

7 .0 6
7 .0 5

7 .0 7
7 .0 7

6.37- 7.50
6.33- 7.64

8
8

5
*

5

5
5

78
78

80
79

110
110

237
236

50
50

90
84

227
217

121
120

188
186

392
337

144
126

116
116

88
88

91
91

135
135

68
68

34
34

6
6

18
18

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
( M O T O R V E H I C L E S ) ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------ NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES

665
336
329
282

7 .3 7
7 .3 6
7 .3 7
7 .5 3

7 .5 0
7.4 1
7 .8 4
7 .8 4

6.697.116,697.33-

7.97
8.04
7.97
7.97

24
24
24

•
-

-

6
6
-

14
14
"

1
1
-

46
21
25
1

18
10
8
2

5
4
1
*

40
26
14
13

18
•
18
16

16
3
13
12

13
8
5
1

51
35
16
12

98
88
10
9

33
18
15
15

135
6
129
128

62
58
4
4

21
18
3
3

39
13
26
25

19
2
17
17

6
6
-

•
—
-

MAINTENANCE PIPEFITTERS —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------ NONMANUFACTURING — PUBLIC UTILITIES

971
921
50
25

7 .1 0
7 .1 1
6 .86
7 .2 1

7 .2 2
7 .2 3
7 .1 7
7 .2 2

6.63- 7.58
6.63- 7.58
6.62- 7.22
7 .1 7 - 7.22

36
36
-

-

-

6
1

-

15
15
-

33
33
-

75
64
11

55
55
-

19
19
-

46
38
8

42
42
-

151
140
11

167
150
17
15

135
134
1

53
53

5
5

51
51
-

50
50
-

9
8
1

4
4
-

•
-

18
18
-

MAINTENANCE SHEET-METAL
MANUFACTURING —

153
124

6 .5 7
6 .4 5

6 .3 3
6 .0 3

5.90- 7.03
5.90- 6.84

.
*

-

•
*

_
*

*

5

20
20

7
7

8
4

5
1

19
19

10

8

4

50
49

10

6

4

.
“

3
-

-

2
2

4

2

4

2
2

•
-

—
-

1 ,0 7 6
952
124
115

6 .6 0
6 .7 0
5 .8 5
5 .8 8

6 .6 2
6 .6 2
5 .8 9
5 .8 9

6.306.405.765.76-

6.90
6.96
6.13
6.13

1
1
-

4

13
13
13

31
31
27

76
59
17
17

105
52
53
53

131
131
-

125
124
1

249
249

137
137

30
30

80
80

30
30

38
38

2
2

8
8

6
6

-

•

-

-

MACHIN E - T O O L OPERA T O R S (TOOLROOM)
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------

449
449

6 .9 1
6 .9 1

6 .6 9
6 .6 9

6.33- 7.70
6.33- 7.70

6
6

3
3

_

*

24
24

50
50

105
105

2
2

27
27

20
20

•

*

90
90

-

*

-

32
32

15
IS

26
26

17
17

28
28

4
4

-

-

TOOL

630
630

7 .3 1
7.3 1

7 .2 6
7 .2 6

6.27- 8.59
6.27- 8.59

_

_

_

-

*

153
153

•

*

20
20

•

“

6
6

•

*

-

-

-

STATIONARY ENGINEERS
MANUFACTURING ~ —
NONMANUFACTURING —
S E R V I C E S ------

487
230
257
69

7 .3 0
7 .3 5
7 .2 6
6 .6 7

7 .4 0
7 .2 9
7 .4 8
6 .9 9

6.786.676.785.70-

7.94
7.97
7.67
7.40

4
4
4

-

.
-

8
8

8
8

BOILER TENDERS —
MANUFACTURING —

264
256

6 .3 2
6 .3 2

6 .2 5
6 .2 5

6.15- 6.59
6.15- 6.59

•

•

12
12

MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS —
MANUFACTURING
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------PUBLIC UTILITIES
MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIANS
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----NONMANUFACTURING — PUBLIC UTILITIES
MAINTENANCE PAINTERS •
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------ NONMANUFACTURING —
MAINTENANCE MACHINISTS
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING —
MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
MANUFACTURING

(MACHINERY)

WORKERS

MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPERS
MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES

AND

DIE

MAKERS

—

ma n ufacturing

See footnotes at end of tables




-

-

2

8

7

-

6

-

2

2

4

-

1

4

-

•

_

*

10

-

20

36
36

-

-

*

*

87
87

78
78

1
1

50
50

48
48

6
6

21
21

41
41

26
26

57
57

•
*

16
16

17
3
14
14

8
8

4
4

5
4

77

5

5

1

—

4

4

66
66
-

7
-

39

-

5
5

53
12
41
24

51
44

1

20
57

34
29

39

-

17
12

19
14

*

29
16
13
13

-

8

10
10

74
74

78

22
22

12
12

24
24

8
8

16
16

8

•

70

•
-

32
32
-

•

•

-

-

-

m

•
-

•
-

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1977
N um ber of w o rk e rs r e c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earn in gs o f—

Hourly earnings *

Occupation and industry d iv is io n

of
w
orkers

M 2 Median2
ean

Middle range 2

S
1------ ~5------ 1 ------ S
2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .6 0 2 .8 0 3 .0 0
and
under

ALL

2 .6 0

o
0
0
•
(M

2 .4 0

T
1 ------ 1 ------ 1 ------ “J------ 1 ----- T
1 ------ ■J------ S
$
3.2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 • 60 5 .0 0 5 .4 0 5 .8 0

S
7 .0 0

S
s
T ------ 1 ----7.4 0 7 .8 0 8 .2 0 8 .6 0
and

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0 3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0

4 .6 0

5 .0 0 5 .4 0

5 .8 0 6 .2 0 6 .6 0

7 .0 0

7 .4 0 7.8 0 8 .2 0 8 .6 0

over

45
45
42
3
•
-

405
405
-

2
2
•
-

WORKERS

3 .5 6 1
1.0S1
2 .5 1 0
1 .3 09
740
260
181

$
6 .8 8
7.1 0
6 .7 9
7 .5 7
6 .2 6
5 .6 7
5 .0 9

1
7 .0 3
7 .0 1
7 .0 8
7 .7 7
6 .3 4
5 .6 6
5 .4 5

$
6 .1 6 6 .2 5 6 .1 2 7 .7 7 5 .9 0 5 .6 6 3 .6 0 -

$
7 .7 7
8 .3 1
7 .7 7
7 .7 7
6 .5 0
6 .3 5
6 .2 1

-

-

l
l

4
4

-

20
20

4
4

67
4
63

12
12
-

12
12
—

11
11

6
•
6

*

-

l

4

—
-

20

4

•
19
44

*

•
*

11
*

424
378
131

6 .1 4
6 .2 1
4 .6 9

6 .2 1
6.2 1
3 .7 8

5 .7 9 - 7 .7 7
5 .7 9 - 7 .7 7
3 .6 0 - 6 .2 1

*

•
-

l
i

l

4
4
4

—
-

20
20
20

4
4
4

44
44
44

12
*

-

•
-

954
288
666
359
148

6 .2 7
6 .2 9
6 .2 6
6 .3 5
5 .4 3

5 .9 6
6 .4 0
5 .9 0
6 .5 0
5 .6 6

5 .6 6 5 .3 9 5 .6 6 5 .9 0 5 .6 6 -

6 .9 6
6 .9 6
7 .0 8
6 .9 0
5 .6 6

•
•

.
-

-

-

—
-

•
-

.
-

19
19

•
•
-

12
12
-

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

19

*

*

745
157
588
366
205

7 .1 1
6 .9 6
7 .1 5
7 .7 0
6 .2 0

7 .7 7
6 .5 3
7 .7 7
7 .7 7
6 .5 0

6 .5 0 6 .5 3 6 .5 0 7 .7 7 5 .0 5 -

7 .7 7
7 .5 2
7 .7 7
7 .7 7
7 .3 8

551
72

7 .0 8
6 .6 8

7 .7 7
7.01

6 .3 5 - 7 .7 7
6 .4 0 - 7 .0 3

80

6 .0 1

5 .8 4

5 .7 2 - 6 .2 0

S H I P P I N G C L E R K S -----MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING WHOLESALE TRADE

305
222
83
63

5 .3 3
5 .4 0
5 .1 5
5 .2 5

5 .4 0
5 .1 5
5 .4 0
5 .4 0

4 .7 1 4 .7 1 4 .6 1 5 .2 4 -

5 .7 0
6 .2 2
5 .6 0
5 .6 0

•
-

•
-

•
-

.
*

•
-

4
4
-

*

9
9
9

•
—
*

17
14
3
*

4
4
*

12
7
5
2

70
67
3
-

RECEIVING CLERKS
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING
WHOLESALE TRADE
RETAIL TRADE —

272
134
138
56
77

5 .1 5
5 .5 8
4 .7 4
5 .2 8
4 .3 3

5 .4 0
5 .5 7
4 .6 4
5 .4 0
4 .4 0

4 . AC5 .1 5 4 .2 3 5 .4 0 4 .2 3 -

5 .8 4
6 .2 4
5 .4 0
5 .4 0
4 .5 0

•
*

“

•
-

-

9
—
9
9

.
*

20
13
7
7

10
•
10
9
-

1
1
*

3
3
3

14
14
14

25
25
—
25

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------ ----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------

136
84
52

5 .8 3
5 .8 6
5 .7 8

6 .0 2
6 .3 4
6 .0 2

5 .3 1 - 6 .4 0
5 .3 1 - 6 .3 6
5 .4 0 ” 6 .5 0

•

•

1

I

5

3

-

*

1

“

1

5

W A R E H O U S E M E N ------ ----------MANUFACTURING
n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----w h o l esale
trade —
RETAIL TRADE

850
181
669
436
206

5 .8 1
5 .6 7
5 .8 5
6 .0 2
5 .3 5

5 .5 4
5 .3 8
5 .6 2
5 .6 2
5.5 1

5 .3 8 5 .3 8 5 .5 0 5 .5 0 4 .8 2 -

•

•

l

-

1

•

5

-

•

l
l

-

1
1

-

5
5

TRUCKORIVERS
MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES
WHOLESALE TRADE RETAIL TRADE
S E R V I C E S -----TRUCKDRIVERS. LIGHT
NONMANUFACTURING —
SERVICES

TRUCK

TRUCKDRIVERS. MEDIUM
MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING —
WHOLESALE TRADE —
RETAIL TRADE

TRUCK

TRUCKORIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK
( T R A I L E R ) -------- -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----- PUBLIC UTILITIES
WHOLESALE TRAOE TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK
(OTHER THAN TRAILER)

MANUFACTURING -----NONMANUFACTURING!
WHOLESALE

S
$
6 .2 0 6 .6 0

TRADE

—

5 .9 6
5 .4 0
6 .1 8
6 .3 0
5 .8 5

635
156
479
52
262
88
77

199
100
99
59
40
•
-

70
43
-

80
73
57

19
19
-

•
•
-

145
145
-

3
3
-

.
-

146
25
121
4
95

205
29
176
154
15

120
15
105
84
*

105
70
35
30
*

117
16
101
75
6

113
44
69
*

•
*

•
*

•
-

49

10
4
6
6

139
59
80
17
63

14
10
4
2
2

75
7
68
56

331
22
309
304
5

42
42
42
*

28
28
-

49

31
25
6
3
*

*

2
2
*

40
4

18
12

131
13

10
2

36
36

304
4

"

-

-

36

13
13
-

1
1
1

2
2
-

.
-

-

13
13

*

—

13

104
77
27
12
*
49

6

30

8

-

-

-

-

-

33
21
12
8

80
36
44
43

14
14
•
-

30
30
-

28
26
2
-

2
2
-

1
1
•

1
1
1

-

-

14
7
7
7

39
25
14
4
8

66
34
32
30
2

20
7
13
12
1

41
40
1
1

7
6
1
•
-

2
2
•
-

•
~

1
1
1
-

-

.
-

11
10
1

25
15
10

13
13

56
42
14

3
2
1

1
1

2
2

-

•
-

-

-

14
12
2

8

18

36

8
5
2

18
18

36
36

153
133
20
12
8

382
21
361
280
81

53
53
4
42

69
12
57
45
12

8
2
6
6

79
3
76
57

•
•

27
27
27

10
10
•

•
-

11

•

1

1
1

3
*

See footnotes at end of tables.




6
6
-

24

*

204
39
165
2
47
95
3

24

..

162
84
78
61
16

24

•

•
5
-

62
12
50
1
31
18
-

13

-

1
-

-

-

-

331
93
238
60
160
18
—

231 1148
62
70
169 1078
20 1073
5
131
6
12
-

-

-

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1977— Continued
*

Num ber of w o rk e rs re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earn in gs of—

S
5
3
t
12.30 2 .4 0 2 .6 0 2 .8 0 3.0C
|
S

Occupation and industry division

of
workers

Mean 2

M ed ia n 2

M idd le range 2

1
3.20 3 .4 0

S

S
S
S
S
1
S
S
3 .6 0 3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 5 .0 0

S
S
S
S
5 .4 0 5 .8 0 6 .2 0 6 .6 0

3
7 .0 0

“5— - T ---S
3
7 .4 0 7 .8 0 8 .2 0 8 «6 0

and
under

and

2.4 0 2 .6 0 2 .8 0

3.QQ 3 .2 0

O
D
•
©

Hourly earnings
Number

over

17
17

46
46

no
-

21
3

68
68

15
14

115
105
105

71
52
52

87
78
78

64
64
64

3
2
2

4
1
-

—
-

-•
—
-

—
*

—
*

—
-•
-

-

*

13
13

-

60
27
33

19
19

1
■1

84
79
5

30
30
*

122
98
24

30
16
14

65
65
*

5
5
-

•
*

*

•
•
*

—

—
—

15
•
15

66
68

13
13

132
75
57

139
•
139

134
57
77

38
24
14

215
193
22

132
49
83
6
44

244
220
24
3

193
74
119
119

Ill
102
9
9

46
46
-

122
6
116
116

197
125
72
72

28
28
•
-

—
•
-•

48
4
44
44
—

6
6
•

28
28
—
*

6
6

•

28
28

1,4Q 3 .6 0

3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

5,0Q 5 .4 0

5 ,e o

§«2Q 6 .6 0

7 .8 0 8 .2 0

7 .0 0

ALL WORKERS*
CONTINUED
ORDER F I L L E R S ---------- —
NONMANUFACTURING —
WHOLESALE TRADE —

623
452
301

$
4 .6 9
4 .8 6
5 .2 8

$
4 .7 0
4 .7 0
5 .0 9

$
$
3 .8 9 - 5 .4 0
4 .2 5 - 5 .5 9
4 .7 0 - 5 .5 9

•
-

-

-

—
-

-

2
2

SHIPPING PACKERS ---------MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING ----------

508
398
110

4 .9 5
5 .0 2
4 .6 8

4 .9 8
5 .1 6
4 .3 0

4 .1 1 - 5 .5 5
4 .1 1 - 5 .5 5
4 . 1 0 - 5 .5 0

_
-

1
1

—
-

•
-

-

—
-

78
78
-

MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS

2 .1 5 5
1 ,0 78
1 ,0 7 7
365
560

5 .5 1
5 .8 9
5 .1 3
6 .9 5
4 .1 6

5 .3 9
5 .9 2
5 .2 0
7 .7 5
4 .1 8

4 .2 1 4 .9 8 3 .9 0 6 .2 9 3 .7 2 -

1
1

8
8

14
14

36
36

66
66

1

8

5

FORKLIFT OPERATORS ---------- ----MANUFACTURING
n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S
WHOLESALE TRADE -------------

1 ,8 66
1 ,7 4 3
123
51
65

5 .8 4
5 .7 9
6 .5 9
7.81
5 .7 9

5 .8 6
5 .7 9
6 .2 0
7 .8 2
6 .0 2

5 .2 0 - 6 .4 9
5 .2 0 - 6 .4 9
5 .4 6 - 7 .8 2

-

5 .4 0 - 6 .2 0

•

POWER-TRUCK OPERATORS (OTHER
THAN F O R K L IF T )------ -------------MANUFACTURING

740
729

6 .6 2
6 .6 3

7 .0 6
7 .0 6

5 .6 4 - 7 .3 4
5 .6 4 - 7 .3 4

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN —
MANUFACTURING — — ------------NONMANUFACTURING —
RETAIL TRADE
FINANCE
SERVICES ------

3 ,2 2 3
906
2 ,3 1 7
65
181
2 ,0 61

3 .6 1
5 .9 1
2 .7 1
3 .3 8
4 .1 6
2 .5 4

2 .5 0
6 .3 5
2 .4 5
3 .5 5
4 .5 3
2 .3 5

2 .3 0 5 .1 8 2 .3 0 3 .1 5 4 .5 3 2 .3 0 -

4 .8 4
6 .4 3
2 .6 0
3 .5 5
4 .6 2
2 .5 0

1081
8
1073
2
12
1059

660
660
5
9
646

44
44
2
42

27
•
27
4
23

239
12
227
5
21
201

GUARDS!
MANUFACTURING

816

6 .1 2

6 .4 0

6 .0 7 - 6 .4 3

-

-

-

-

WATCHMEN!
MANUFACTURING

90

4 .0 2

3 .9 0

3 .7 C - 4 .3 8

8

-

-

-

m a n u f a c t u r in g
n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

-------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ---RETAIL TRADE --------

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS
MANUFACTURING — ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S
WHOLESALE TRADE —
RETAIL TRADE ------------------FINANCE
SERVICES ---------------

6 ,5 1 9
1 ,8 92
4 ,6 2 7
297
80
482
1 ,3 13
2 ,4 5 5

3 .8 1
5 .1 0
3 .2 9
5 .1 7
4 .4 1
3 .2 1
3 .9 5
2 .6 8

3 .7 5
5 .2 7
3 .0 3
5 .0 7
4 .1 8
3 .5 5
4 .0 7
2 .4 2

2 .5 4 4 .6 9 2 .4 0 4 .8 9 4 .0 5 2 .7 1 3 .9 9 2 .3 0 -

6 .2 9
6 .7 1
6 .2 9
7 .7 7
4 .4 5

4 .8 9
5 .7 6
4 .0 7
5 .4 5
4 .7 0
3 .5 5
4 .3 8
2 .7 0

36

12

15

62

4

57

139

77

14

11

203
79
124
40
75

-

_

-

-

-

•
-

-

-

-

91
91
-

•
-

•
-

41
40
1

10
10
-

136
136
•

135
128
7

261
250
11

236
222
14

214
207
7

299
269
30

224
224
•

108
106
2

*

•

“

*

“

•

*

*

*

*

6

8

12

7

30

*

2

29
22
7
7
*

97
97

37
37

87
87

5
5

81
70

38
30

347
347

14
14

179
95
84

47
38
9

61
15
46

67
59
8

515
515

48
48

•
-

•

—
—

•

32
30
2

1
1

-

•

•

-

-

81
3

4

46

5

*

•

*

*

*

*

.
-

968
5
963
24
92
847

819
24
795
1
77
717

492
35
457
25
15
417

-

104
9
95
23
17
55

47
47
35

18
16
2
2

18
16
2
2

4
2
2
2

22
20
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

20

12

*

*

*

89
30
59
1
58
*

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

25

83

38

15

55

515

48

30

1

-

-

6

1

-

16

16

2

20

5

12

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

•
•
•

..
•

56
15
41
6
15
20

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




-

24
1
23
3

14

371
87
284
78
60
146

349
15
334
206
32
96

130
42
88
•
3
26
27
32

no
22
88
1
3
83
1

661
44
617
10
37
3
559
8

193
70
123
16
2
5
95
5

496
101
395
24
7
2
318
44

256
131
125
80
18
2

483
348
135
88
10
2

592
562
30
23
•

25

35

7

348
331
17
17
-

67
36
31
31
-

24
15
9
8
1

•

•
•
•
-

•
-

-

T ab le A -6 . A verage hourly earnings of m aintenance, toolroom , p o w e rp la n t, m a te ria l m ovem ent,
and custodial w o rke rs , by sex, in P ittsb u rg h , Pa., January 1977
Sex,

3

occupation, and in du stry d ivis io n

Number
of
workers

A v e rage
(m ean 2 )
hourly
earnings

MAINTENANCE* TOOLROOM. AND
POWERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - MEN

Sex, 3 occupation, and in du stry d ivis ion

Number
of
workers

A v e rage
(m e a n 2 )
hourly
earnings4

Sex, 3 occupation, and in du stry d ivis io n

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

m a t e r ia l

m ovem ent

OCCUPATIONS -

and

c u s t o d ia l

MEN— CONTINUED
$

1,0 51

M A N U r A C 1U N I N O
N U N n A N U r A L T U N lN u

6 .9 8

PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------ -------

1*307
740

“ ■■■

7 I 57
6 .2 6

I.

h

N

v

C

7 .3 9

----------------

-w

i A A I. 1 L K j

6 .9 8
4 .2 4

™™“

TRUCKDRIVERS, " "LIGHT
HC. 1 A X L
1 K n l/ u
" "
" "
*

f o r k l if t

184
58

5 .5 7

351

208
123
l

OJ

2 ,0 4 2
“ ANUr AvM JKXNv

n A AW I

A verage
(m ean 2 )
hourly
earnings4

$

$

49

Number
of
workers

TRUCK

operato rs

1.7 37
NONMANUFACTURING
288
666

114
MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY) -

7 .2 8

2 ,2 9 1

7 .0 6

H U 1A Xi .

1

POWER-TRUCK OPERATORS

mU L

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY TRUCK

n A^NUr A v 1 U K I N u

(OTHER
" "

729

n A N U r A L 1U K i N o

336
329

7 .3 7

921

7 . 10(
7.111

H L 1A IL

1H AU L

*

J . ■* J

173
til

4

ii. g x

l

n

NONMANUFACTURINGt

808

297

5 .2 5

263
127
136
56
75

4 ,1 6 3

4 .1 1

WATCHMEN *

5 .3 4

63

6 .1 3

5 .1 5
5 .5 9
4 .7 4
5 .2 8
4 .3 2

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS

--------

1 .0 76
6 .7 0
WHOLESALE T R A D E ---------------- — — —
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS

(TOOLROOM) -

_

449
449

6 .9 1

628

R E T A IL

TRADE

- -

7 .3 1

1,3 89

SERVICES
MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

50

, ,A

7 .3 5
N L 1 A1 L

256

1KBl/w

JANITORS* PORTERS* and CLEANERS

^

6 .3 2

2 .8 6
3 .2 8

--------

J . 13
3 .0 0
196

5 .5 9
1,0 66

See footnotes at end of tables.




15




Table A -7. P ercent increases in average hourly earnings, adjusted for
em p lo ym en t shifts, for selected occupational groups
in P itts b u rg h , P a., for selected periods
J anuary 1972
to
J anuary 1973

Industry and occupational group 5

January 1973
to
January 1974

January 1974
to
January 1975

J anuary 1975
to
J anuary 1976

J anuary 1976
to
January 1977

6.7
( 6)
7.3
6.3
6.8

5.9
( 6)
6.9
7.5
7.2

11.1
11.3
13.1
13.7
11.3

9.7
6.7
9.5
9.3
9.2

8.0
8.4
8.7
8.0
8.1

6.9
( 6)
7.4
5.9
6.0

5.8
(6)
6.9
7.6
7.9

12.7
12.0
13.5
14.4
14.5

10.0
5.7
9.6
9.4
10.3

8.5
10.4
8.5
8.0
8.8

6.3
( 6)
( 6)
8.3

6.0
( 6)
(6)
6.2

9.3
10.1
( 6)
6.6

9.4
8.3
( 6)
7.9

7.5
6.0
( 6)
7.4

A ll in du stries:
F.lectronic data p roce ssin g
_
In du strial nurses
_
_ _
S k illed m aintenance tra d es
U nskilled plant w o rk e rs
_ _
M anufacturing:
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ________________________
E le c tro n ic data p ro ce ssin g

U nskilled plant w o rk e rs

___

_

______

____

_____

N onmanufactur in g :
Industrial nurses
U nskilled plant w o r k e r s _______

__

16

Table A-8. Weekly earnings of office workers—large establishments in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1977
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Number of workers receiving straight-time we ekly earnings of—
3
S
S
S
S
S
*
S
s
s

Occupation and in d u stry d iv is io n
workers

Avcro
weekly
hours1
(standard]

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

S' 1 1
380

100

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

over

-

*

5
5
-

10
6
4
4
-

13
5
8
—
8
-

36
9
27
17
9
1

93
30
63
2
30
26
5

119
65
54
4
17
30
1

172
79
93
15
20
53
4

179
83
96
5
15
65
10

489
232
257
16
24
127
87

571
292
279
19
17
74
161

549
328
221
40
3
41
128

501
396
105
40
5
15
43

376
308
68
37
2
7
14

161
129
32
20
2
3
5

86
48
38
25
2
7

26
18
8
8
-

14
5
9
6
-

9
5
4
4
-

12
11
1
1
—
-

-

•

_

•

•

-

4
4

2
1

1
1

5
2

12
8

24
20

43
36

32
30

10
10

5
2

6
5

11
10
1
1
-

80
Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range2

r

S

S

5

lo o

rS

S

S

90

90

Num
ber

S

S

and
unde r

and

ALL WORKERS
$
$
$
2 2 1 .0 0 1 8 9 .0 0 -2 5 6 .5 0
234 .5 9 2 0 0 .0 0 -2 6 0 .0 9
2 0 7 .0 0 1 7 9 .5 0 -2 2 8 .0 0
246 .0 9 2 2 0 .0 0 -2 8 3 .5 0
162.00 1 4 4 .0 0 -1 9 1 .0 0
185.00 1 6 9 .0 0 -2 0 9 .0 0
2 1 0 .5 0 2 0 1 .5 0 -2 2 8 .0 0

SECRETARIES -----MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S RETAIL TRADE
FINANCE -----SERVICES ---------------

3*421
2 .0 5 4
1 ,3 67
242
164
452
466

3 9 ,5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
39 .0
4 0 .0
3 7 .5
4 0 .0

2 2 2 .5 0
231 .5 0
2 0 9 .0 0
2 4 9 .5 0
168.50
189.50
2 17 .00

SECRETARIES* CLASS A
MANUFACTURING -----— -

155
129

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

296 .00 2 9 2 .5 0 2 7 2 .0 0 -3 1 4 .0 0
297 .50 294 .90 2 7 6 .0 0 -3 1 4 .0 0

-

.

-

_

*

“

-

*

SECRETARIES* CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -------- ----NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S

567
382
185
47

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

253.00
255 .00
249.00
296.50

2 56 .50 2 3 0 .0 0 -2 7 7 .5 0
2 62 .00 2 3 1 .5 0 -2 7 7 .5 0
2 53 .00 2 2 3 .0 3 -2 7 7 .5 0
302 .50 2 6 9 .0 0 -3 1 5 .0 0

•
*

*

•
-

•
*

_
*

4
4
-

4
4
*

6
6

6
1
5
*

2
1
1
—

39
27
12
-

44
30
14
1

94
61
33
3

103
59
44
3

140
113
27
10

75
68
7
5

32
12
20
15

9
5
4
4

5
•
5
3

3
3
3

SECRETARIES. CLASS C
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING ------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ---FINANCE —
SERVICES -------------------

1,2 07
744
463
127
121
156

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
39 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .5
4 0 .0

226 .00
227 .50
222 .50
251 .00
204 .50
233 .00

227 .50 2 0 2 .5 0 -2 4 8 .5 0
233 .00 2 0 0 .5 0 -2 5 5 .5 0
227 .50 2 0 5 .5 0 -2 3 7 .0 0
2 48 .00 2 2 9 .5 0 -2 6 8 .0 0
2 08 .00 1 8 7 .0 0 -2 1 5 .5 0
2 28 .00 2 2 7 .5 0 -2 2 8 .0 0

-

•
-

-

4
4

3
3

1
1

11
11

24
17
7

37
30

-

-

-

-

-

-

40
25
15
1
4

157
108
49
11
36

212
116
96
13
52
19

306
143
163
21
21
114

216
175
41
29
4
a

136
108
28
25
•
3

31
14
17
12
5

18
2
16
10
•
6

7
3
4
4
-

4
3
1
1
-

•
-

•
-

SECRETARIES. CLASS 0
MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING -------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ---SERVICES -------------------

1 ,3 3 9
674
665
59
270

3 9 .5 195.00 194.50
3 9 .5 204 .00 212 .59
3 9 .0 186.00 187.00
4 0 .0 200.50 199.50
4 0 .0 203 .50 2 07 .00

1 7 0 .0 0 -2 1 4 .5 0
1 7 6 .0 0 -2 2 7 .5 0
1 6 6 .0 0 -2 0 7 .0 0
1 6 3 .5 0 -2 2 6 ,0 0
1 9 5 .0 0 -2 0 7 .5 0

-

”

5
5
-

6
6
-

9
5
4
*

•
•
-

.

-

•
•
-

-

-

-

-

-

STENOGRAPHERS ------------MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING ---PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----

1,4 27
873
554
228

3 9 .0 178.50 173.00
3 9 .5 178.50 173.50
3 8 .5 178.00 169.03
3 8 .5 2 0 9 .5 0 2 05 .50

1 5 2 .0 0 -2 0 4 .0 0
1 5 4 .5 0 -2 0 6 .5 0
1 4 4 .5 3 -1 9 6 .0 0
1 7 6 .0 0 -2 2 8 .0 0

-

*

14
12
2
-

21
10
11
*

-

-

575
307
268
164

3 9 .5 182.00 176.00
4 0 .0 179.00 176.50
3 8 .5 185.50 176.00
3 8 .5 2 1 1 .0 0 2 05 .50

1 4 5 .0 0 -2 0 6 .5 0
1 4 9 .0 0 -2 0 6 .5 0
1 4 0 .0 0 -2 2 2 .5 0
1 7 0 .0 0 -2 5 8 .5 0

-

.
*

14
12
2
*

852
566
286

39 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

176.00
178.30
171.00

170 .50
172.00
168.00

1 5 4 .5 0 -1 9 3 .5 0
1 5 5 .5 0 -2 0 2 .5 0
1 4 6 .0 0 -1 8 8 .0 0

-

*

655
404
251

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0

155.50
161.50
145.50
189.50

142.50
146.00
129.50
168.50

1 2 1 .0 0 -1 8 1 .5 0
1 2 9 .0 0 -1 8 6 .5 3
1 1 4 .0 0 -1 6 0 .0 0
1 5 9 .0 0 -1 9 3 .5 0

-

3 9 .5 178.00
4 0 .0 176.50
3 9 .0 181.50
3 9 .5 2 02 .00

174.00
181.50
166.50
182.50

1 4 3 .0 0 -1 9 3 .5 0
1 4 2 .5 0 -1 9 9 .0 0
1 5 0 .5 0 -1 8 5 .0 0
1 6 0 .0 0 -2 2 2 .5 0

-

STENOGRAPHERS* g e n e r a l
m a n u f a c t u r in g

NONMANUFACTURING -----PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S
STENOGRAPHERS. SENIOR
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING ---TYPISTS — ---------------------MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S
T Y P IS T S * CLASS A ---MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S

77

262
176
86
56

-

7

1

-

3

30
5
25
1

74
26
48
2
5

86
48
38
4
*

123
48
75
15
4

132
56
76
4
9

280
96
184
5
85

311
144
167
5
142

142
120
22
13
9

89
73
16
8
8

44
35
9
2
7

0
7
1
1

48
21
27
1

99
44
55
9

147
75
72
7

155
120
35
2

181
99
82
22

198
147
51
18

172
80
92
49

193
158
35
29

120
74
46
45

39
33
6
6

12
•
12
12

28
•
28
28

•

-

•
-

-

-

-

19
10
9
*

25
4
21
1

56
21
35
9

54
33
21
7

36
25
11
2

38
10
28
22

61
45
16
12

69
34
35
25

95
79
16
12

52
23
29
29

16
11
5
5

12
12
12

28
28
28

-

•

-

-

•
-

2
2

23
17
6

43
23
20

93
42
51

119
95
24

143
89
54

137
102
35

103
46
57

98
79
19

68
51
17

23
22

-

•

-

1

-

-

-

1
1
*

55
30
25
-

98
28
70
-

80
48
32

71
55
16

44
12
32
23

20

30
17
13
8

87
65
22

35
32
3
3

42
40
2
2

10
10
-

-

1

69
55
14
-

-

1

•
-

•
-

28
15
13

23
18
5

34
32
2

25
6
19
16

10
5
5
5

17

64
50
14

16
13
3
3

27
25
2
2

5
5
-

1
-

1

See footnotes at end of tables.




*

-

17

-

7

11
9
9

7

10
6

11

11

1
1

1
1

•
-

12
12
12
12

•

12
12

-

•

-

•
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.
.

-

-

-

•
-

.
•
-

•

-

•

-

-

Table A-8. Weekly earnings of office workers—large establishments in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1977— Continued
W eek ly earnings
(standard)
Number
of
workeR

Occupation and in du stry d iv is io n

Average
w eekly
Ho u r 1
(standard]

1

Number of w o rk ers re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly earnings of—
S

%
80
M ean

*

M edian

*

M iddle ranged

s
90

s

s

s
lo o

120

no

S
130

5
140

1

150

160

S

s

$

170

180

200

s

$

220

240

*

260

t

5

280

300

S

320

s

$

340

360

and
under
90

380
and

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

200

55

98

52

46

37

19

10

13

23

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

o ver

"

-

-

-

-

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
TY PIS TS -

CONTINUED

1T r 1j 15 f

v L A jj

D

393

■■ — " "

3 9 .0

165
r lL t

LLbKI\9

* * * " * * ” • " ■ * " “" "

$
140.50

$

$

$

129.00

1 1 3 .0 0 -1 5 4 .0 0

1

19

tJ

127.00

"""

13

15

8
1

JO
XJ

3

1

i 1 O . DU

13
62

119.50
38 • 5 115.50

114.00
113.50

1 1 0 .5 0 -1 2 3 .0 0
1 0 7 .0 0 -1 2 2 .0 0

j?

1

oJ

15
15

12
12

1
5

155.50

13 0 .0 0 ~ 2 7 9 .0 0

6

5

11

6

3

3

i

5

6

3

4

4

44

39

18

25

49

12

1J / # j j

<- 1

. U0

--------------------------------

43

3 9 .0

219.50 2 1 5 .5 0

1 9 5 .5 0 -2 5 7 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

66

4 0 .0

167.50

1 3 8 .0 0 -1 8 7 .5 0

PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S

y

0

167 .00

1
-

218 50

l

42
27
15
15

5

jj

1 8 2 .5 0 -2 4 8 .0 0

214 .00

14
11

28
10
18
16

1 J 7 . 0 0 " L J l . JQ

78

-

6

5

7

5

2

2

48

5

1

3

12

1

-

l

1
ORDER CLERKS. CLASS B

-------------- — -------

83

4 0 .0

154.00

124.50

1 2 4 .5 0 -1 9 3 .5 0

l

1

*

1
Kw 1A I C

AJ

1 MA

3 9 .5

251.50 2 7 3 .0 °

1

2 0 3 .0 0 -2 9 3 .5 0

8

13

34

45

42

8

12

8

1

21

2 8 5 .0 0 2 8 5 .0 0 -3 0 3 .5 0
585

169.00

152 .00

1 2 4 .5 0 -2 0 1 .5 0

19

12
1

37

37

103

63

35

28

31

30

35

13

5

10

10

20

£ J

1

JO I

47
•
r ATKULL

A

W
VIW w

vLuKr> J

198

®

“ "" "

"

m

m

4 0 .0

236.00 2 28 .00
131.00

2 1 3 .5 0 -2 6 2 .5 0
1 2 1 .0 0 -1 3 8 .0 0

i

26

15

86

22

2 1 3 ,0 0

11
i

See footnotes at end of tables.




18

1
1

*

Table A-8. Weekly earnings of office workers—large establishments in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1977— Continued
W eek ly earnings
(standard)

1

Num ber of w orke rs re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e wee k ly earn in gs of—

©

co

Mean

^

M edian

*

M iddle ranged

s

$

*

Occupation and in du stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
w eekly
houre1
(standard)

s

$

S

s

$

s

s

S

S
s
$
$
$
240
200
220
260
280

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

100

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

100

200

220

240

260

280

21

11

80

102

78

89

213

54

208

31

39

16

19

36
1

50

79
73

34

0

26
25
1

31

55
10

00
25

36

32
21

61
52

14

and
under
90

300

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED

$

$

$

$
12

990

K t l A IL

“ U U Av 1
Nr

1

156.00

1P
iU

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS. CLASS 0

193
245

552

103.00
3 9 .5

177.00
c.69.50

1 6 2 .5 0 -1 9 0 .0 0

109.00

104.00

1 5 0 .0 0 -2 3 9 .0 0

6

4

16

7

1

See footn otes at end o f tables.




19

182

1
1
25

26

2

Table A-9. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers—large establishments
in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1977
W eek ly earnings
(standard)
Number

Occupation and in d u stry d iv is io n
workers

1

Numbe r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g stra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly earn in gs o f---

s
w eekly
hours1
(standard)

M ean

*

M edian

*

M iddle ra nge*

s

100
and
under

S
120

s

S

$
140

S

S

s

S

5

S

S

S

$

S

$

S

S

S

T

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

440

480

520

560

22Q

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

AQO

A20

440

480

520

560

600

•
*

3
3
-

19
14
5
3

32
24
8
1

31
20
11
3

50
29
21
4

69
37
32
4

77
47
30
4

76
54
22
4

48
41
7
2

42
38
4
1

50
44
6
*

58
56
2
*

37
37
-

8

18
14

39
23

20
16

21
17

25
19

-

120

140

160

180

200

“

*

*

*

*

ALL WORKERS
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S IN E S S ) ------ ----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------

$
3 78 .00
3 9 0 .0 0
3 3 9 .0 0
3 2 7 ,5 0

$
$
$
3 68 .00 3 2 6 .5 0 -A 2 5 .5 0
384 .50 3 3 6 .0 0 -4 4 2 .0 0
3 3 8 .0 0 3 1 2 .5 0 -3 6 4 .5 0
328 .5 0 2 9 5 .5 0 -3 6 3 .5 0

618
470
148
26

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S IN E S S ). CLASS A ------MANUFACTURING----------- -

181
137

3 9 .5 4 1 7 .0 0 4 0 2 .5 0
4 0 .0 4 3 1 .0 0 4 1 7 .5 0

3 6 9 .5 0 -4 4 8 .5 0
3 7 9 .5 0 -4 6 5 .0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S IN E S S ). CLASS B
MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING -------------

312
224
88

3 9 .5 3 7 2 .0 0 3 55 .00
4 0 .0 3 89 .00 3 7 9 .5 0
3 8 .0 3 29 .00 3 2 8 .0 0

3 2 0 .0 0 -4 1 7 .0 0
3 3 2 .5 0 -4 4 5 .0 0
3 0 8 .0 0 -3 5 1 .0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S IN E S S ). CLASS C
MANUFACTURING ---------

125
109

3 9 .5 335 .00 3 3 0 .0 0 2 7 6 .5 0 -3 8 1 .0 0
4 0 .0 341 .00 3 3 8 .5 0 2 7 7 .5 0 -3 8 9 .5 0

277
141
136

3 9.0 2 81 .50 2 7 6 .0 0 2 4 3 .0 0 -3 1 0 .5 0
3 9 .5 2 92 .50 2 8 5 .0 0 2 6 0 .0 0 -3 2 4 .0 0
3 8 .0 270 .50 2 6 1 .5 0 2 3 4 ,0 0 -2 9 9 .0 0

127
69
58

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

2 7 1 .5 0 -3 2 7 .5 0
2 7 6 .0 0 -3 3 0 .0 0
2 6 5 .0 0 -3 2 0 .0 0

118
62
56
439
219
220
25

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .0

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS A
MANUFACTURING--------------------- n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ----------------COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B
MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING --------

n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g

---

PU8LIC U T IL IT IE S

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS)
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S IN E S S ).
CLASS A -------------------MANUFACTURING------------ NONMANUFACTURING --------

1

-

COMPUTER OPERATORS
m a n u f a c t u r in g
n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

—
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------D R A F T E R S --------MANUFACTURING

—

—
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S

n o n m a n u f a c t u w in g

*

13
13

10
10

7
7

9
9
•

*

*

*

1
1
*

4
3
1

15
9
6

18
11
7

40
21
19

48
27
21

45
21
24

27
21
6

20
17
3

16
16
*

18
18
*

27
26
1

24
24
•

-

2
2

15
11

16
15

13
9

10
8

13
10

14
12

10
10

8
8

5
5

7
7

12
12

-

-

-

5
4
1

9
3
6

19
6
13

33
10
23

35
11
24

52
32
20

35
19
16

29
16
13

31
20
11

6
5
1

6
6
*

3
1
2

4
1
3

5
3
2

3
2
1

2
2
-

•
•

•
*

*

-

”

6
2

16
7
9

22
9
13

18
10

20
12

4
4

3
1

3
2

2
2

-

-

*

*

2

4
1
3

5
3

8

22
14
8

2
2

8

2

l

*

*

*

-

-

•
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

-

-

-

87
68
19
19

16
16

1
1

-

•
-

-

-

*

_
"
_

_

_

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

“

“

3 9 .0 265 .00 2 67 .00 2 3 3 .0 0 -2 8 9 .0 0
3 9 .5 272 .50 278 .0 0 2 4 2 .0 0 -2 9 3 .5 0
3 8 .5 2 5 7 .0 0 2 5 6 .5 0 2 3 0 .0 0 -2 7 7 .5 0

4

2

-

-

4

-

4

-

2

7

11

18
3
15

27
20
7

14

-

1 8 1 .0 0 -2 4 4 .5 0
1 9 8 .5 0 -2 5 3 .0 0
1 7 3 .5 0 -2 3 3 .5 0
2 3 3 .5 0 -2 9 6 .5 0

-

14

-

35
12
23
1

56
25
31
1

75
32
43
1

56
27
29
2

80
46
34
3

53
33
20
2

21
10
11
2

28
18
10
7

11
6
5
4

157
82
75

3 9 .0 2 47 .50 242 .50 2 2 1 .5 0 -2 7 6 .0 0
3 9 .5 2 5 5 .5 0 2 5 6 .5 0 2 2 0 .5 0 -2 8 6 .5 0
3 8 .5 2 3 8 .5 0 2 3 4 .0 0 2 2 3 .5 0 -2 5 6 .0 0

.
-

.
-

-

1
1

-

15
10
5

17
6
11

44
18
26

29
11
18

16
5
11

20
17
3

7
6
1

188
106
82

3 9 .5 2 0 6 .0 0 2 03 .00
4 0 .0 2 13 .50 216 .50
3 9 .0 196.00 190.00

34
16
18

46
18
28

30
17
13

29
23
6

24
22
2

5
5

7
1
6

1

*

21
13

14
10

-

1
1

3
3

310 .50 3 0 2 .5 0
319 .00 3 0 8 .5 0
300 .50 2 8 6 .5 0

_

94
63
2 .3 0 7
1 .9 94
313
197

3 8 .5
3 8 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
38 • 0

2 1 5 .5 0
2 2 4 .5 0
2 0 6 .5 0
2 6 5 .0 0

181.00
181.50

213 .0 0
2 2 3 .5 0
2 0 1 .0 0
283 .5 0

171.00
171.00

2

12

-

1 8 1 .0 0 -2 3 1 .5 0
1 8 4 .0 0 -2 4 1 .0 0
1 7 3 .5 0 -2 1 1 .0 0

-

4

-

-

4

4

4

1 5 0 .5 0 -1 9 7 .5 0
1 4 9 .0 0 -1 9 5 .5 0

-

2 73 .00 2 8 2 .0 0 2 2 7 .0 0 -3 3 4 .0 0
2 75 .50 284 .50 2 3 3 .5 0 -3 3 8 .5 0
2 5 4 .0 0 2 45 .50 2 1 S .5 0 -3 0 3 .5 0
2 46 .50 2 22 .50 2 0 5 .5 0 -2 9 8 .0 0

10
8

8

27
19

56
56

66

41
35

-

“

6

62
49
13

5

11

66

See footnotes at end of tables.




19
18

*

*

4

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S IN E S S ).
MANUFACTURING ------------------- ----------NONMANUFACTURING ------ ------------------

7
7
-

*

19
1-9
*

20

151
122
29
24

11

19
8

9
5

7

-

2

*

138
94
44
31

191
135
56
46

235
195
40
19

188
164
24
3

8

8

4

6

4

259
243
16
9

9
6
3

4

2

.

2

3
1

8

2

6

2

2
2

6
6

2

2

-

1

222

177
45
25

2
2

182
171

404
394

11

10

2

3

-

8
8

•

-

-

Table A-9. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers—large establishments
in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1977— Continued
W eek ly earnings
(standard)

Occupation and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
worken

Average
w eekly
hours1
(standard)

M ean 2

M edian 2

1

Num ber of w ork ers r e c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e we ekly earn in gs of—

M idd le ra n ge2

1100
1and

S

s

s

s

S

*

5

J

*

S

S

S

S

S

120

140

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

140

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

M)0

"
5
S
S
i
S
S
480
520
560
400
420
440

under
120

420

440

A80

520

S60

600

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
DRAFTERS -

CONTINUED
$
J C l

594
544
50

4 0 .0

232
125

39 .0

3 9 .0

$
$
• 3 U 338*00
339• 50

$
1

2 5 5 .5 0 56
2 57 .00 56
2 52 .50

210.00
208.00
232.00

1 5 7 .5 0 1 5 2 .5 0 2 1 1 .5 0 -

199.00
195.50

64
64

32

1 8 2 ,0 0 -2 1 9 .5 0

56

41
31

67

63

51

JiO«3U 3 3 2 •So
ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS. CLASS A -

109

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS* CLASS B-

72

4 0 .0

1
*

323 .50 3 25 .00 2 9 9 .0 0 -3 5 0 .5 0
327 *00
JHO#jw
325*00*367# 50

4 0 .0 275 .5 0 287 .00

2 2 6 .5 0 -3 0 5 .0 0
tLc. 1 *

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

• j (/

-

-

-

21

8

2

19

15

5

5

12

26

JJ

See footn otes at end o f tables.




-

21

*

1

7

24

2

1
1
*

-

-

-

-

-

3

31

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

*

*

Table A -10. A verage w e e k ly earnings of o ffice, professional, and tech n ical w o rkers, by s e x large estab lishm ents in P ittsburgh, Pa., Jan u ary 1977
Sex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

W eek ly
haurs 1
standard)

W eek ly
earnings 1
(standard)

Sex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

HEN

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
WOMEN— CONTINUED

$

MESSENGERS

------------------------------------------------------------- ---—

107

3 9 .0

A verage
(m ean 2 )

Average
(m ean 2 )

A v e rage
(m ean 2 )
Number
of

Number
of
worken

W eek ly
hours 1
standard)

W eek ly
earnings1
(standard)

Sex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

N um ber
of
worken

W eekly
hours 1
standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

-

165.00
^7 1 L ' l d u f + M r 1I L K j

ACCOUNTING CLERKS

L w f i | 1 '+ U L v

CONTINUED

-

$

96

4 0 .0 2 6 7 .0 0

291
222
69
36

2 6 5 .5 0
4 0 .0 2 7 2 .5 0
3 6 .5 2 42 .00
3 9 .0 2 75 .00

200
91

2 3 2 .5 0

69

7
i0 0
4 0 .0 256 .5 0

$

3 9 .5 2 80 .00

J * lf • D

181.50

N U N n A N U f AL» 1 U K 1 Pso

ACCOUNTING CLERKS* CLASS 8
N O N M A N U r A L 1U K i N u

RETAIL TRADE
39 .0

T i< n T r . T _

+0.0

i

T P Ij i i f

C LAoj

A

K t l A IL

" ® "

174
63

3 9 .0

176.00
162.00

1K nU L

"

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A

—

419

39 .5

187.50

39 0
39 5
3 9 .0

r IL L

L L L K iV j

•

*

2 4 9 .0 0

JO * J

PROFESSIONAL ANO TECHNICAL
S tC H t 1

vLnvS

A

™

379

3 9 .5 2 5 4 .5 6

57

36 .0

146.50
344 .50

SECRETARIES, CLASS C

1L K

------------------------------------------1 HU j

1 N L

ST j T
j

j / *

j

A N A L Y S T <.

C LASS

A

mmm
m
'*

*"

m

1 rJ

90

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 00 .50
2 03 .00

3 9 .0

178.00

* * *
™

jo. u

195.00
3 9 .5 2 0 4 .0 0

1,4 17
n A N U r A v 1U K i N o

0

674
~59
269

iu C R t 1
1c v t
vLA bS
H A N llr A t l U K l N O

301
40
nC TX • L

3 9 .5 2 4 3 .0 0

100

337 .00
341 .00

206

3 9 .5 2 2 3 .5 0

213

3 9 .0 2 89 .50

1 1* P k/ w

• • • • • • • • • * • ■

See footnotes at end of tables.




332.00

4 0 .0 2 0 4 .5 0

22

T able A -10. A verage w e e k ly earnings of office, professional, and technical w o rkers, by s e x large estab lishm ents in P ittsburgh, Pa., January 1977— Continued
Sex, 3 occupation, and in du stry d ivis ion

W eek ly
hour? 1
standard)

W eek ly
earnings 1
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

A verage
(m e an 2 )

Average
(m e an 2 )

A v erage
(m ean 2 )
Number
of
workers

Sex, 3 occupation, and in du stry d ivis ion

Number
of
workers

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings *
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

Sex, 3 occupation, and in du stry d ivision

Number
of
workers

W eekly
(standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL A N D TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED
$

(BU SINE SS)-

COMPUTER OPERATORS

-

CONTINUED

C.LC.L | K v l i i l j

1 t L * 'Hi 1 L 1 flOi d

J* "
-

m

a

38t

J
-

j

$
3 ^ 3 r"Q

-»/% «

58

3 9 .5

4 0 .0

3 2 6 .5 0
231
122

b IU | j U

39. o
958

3 9 .0
,

r- ,

2 6 7 .5 0
2 6 5 .0 0

_ _ 3 2 2 .0 0

PROFESSIONAL AN0 TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

39 0

69

3 8 .5

2 3 9 .5 0

99
77

4 0 .0
3 9 .0

2 1 3 .0 0
1 9 7 .5 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 1 4 .5 0

493
146

3 9 .5

1 9 2 .0 0

DRAFTERS* CLASS C

DRAFTER-TRACERS

— — — —

— — — —

L/KAr | t n 3

“

85
59

173

See footnotes at end of tables.




1 9 -5
/

0

Q

-»r- /

r- ^

Table A-11. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers—large establishments
in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1977
Hourly earnings 4
Occupation and industry d ivis ion

of
workers

Num ber o f w o rk ers re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earnings of--5 .6 0

$
5 .80

$
6 .0 0

S
S
S
6 .20 6 .4 0 6 .6 0

S
S
6 .8 0 7.0 0

S
S
7 .2 0 7.4 0

S
s
i
S
7.6 0 7 .8 0 8 .0 0 8 .2 0

S
S
8 .4 0 8 .6 0

S
S
£
8.8 0 9 .0 0 9 .4 0

9 .8 0

and
5.2 0 under
5 .4 0 5 .6 0 5 .8 0

6 .00

6 .2 0

6 .4 0 6 .6 0

7 .0 0

7.2 0

7.4 0

7 .8 0 8 .0 0

8 .6 0 8 ,8 0

9 ,QQ 9 .4 0

9 .8 0

o ver

S
5 .2 0
Mein2 M
edian*

Middle range *

s
5 .4 0

%

%

Under

6 .8 0

7 .6 0

8 .2 0 8 .4 0

ALL WO.RKERS
MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS ------ -------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------- —
NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------

468
364
104
47

$
7.3 7
7 .2 5
7 .7 7
6 .9 3

$
7 .1 9
7 .1 9
7 .0 8
7 .0 8

$
6 .8 4 6 .8 4 6 .5 8 6 .5 e -

$
7 .9 9
7 .9 9
9 .5 0
7 .0 8

*

MAINTENANCE E L E C T R IC IA N S -----—— —
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------

1 .5 67
1,401
166
114

7 .4 3
7.4 0
7 .6 6
7 .4 2

7 .4 8
7 .4 8
7.3 1
7.3 1

6 .8 4 6 .7 7 7 .1 7 7 .1 7 -

7 .9 4
7 .9 4
8 .0 7
7 .6 2

MAINTENANCE PAINTERS ---------------- ------MANUFACTURING-------- — ------- --------—

221
181

6 .8 1
6 .7 9

6 .7 8
6 .7 8

MAINTENANCE m a c h i n i s t s --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

1 ,6 79
1,590

7 .9 3
7 .9 7

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY) MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

1 ,7 75
1.7 43
446
295

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR VEHICLES) -----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------— -------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ------ -----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------

1S1

no

MAINTENANCE PIPEFITTER S ------------------MANUFACTURING ------------ ------ -----------NONMANUFACTURING!

868

MAINTENANCE SHEET-METAL WORKERS ----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

143
114

819

13
6
7
“

23
5
18
17

7
4
3
3

30
28
2
-

112
90
22
22

33
32
1
1

47
44
3
3

4
4
-

20
17
3
-

12
4
8
1

66
66
-

8
8
-

•
-

•
-

-

25
25
-

6
6

-

23
17
6
-

78
78
-

31
30
1
-

88
87
1

45
39
6
-

83
67
16
5

61
61
-

110
56
54
50

115
92
23
23

308
301
7
7

58
50
8
8

195
189
6
1

80
60
20
20

105
105
-

6
6
•
-

63
63
-

10
10
-

29
28
1
*

12
12
-

31
22
9
-

12
4

7
7

11
11

14
14

25
25

25
20

52
42

3
2

1
-

22
18

10
10

-

2
2

8
8

4
4

“

5
-

.
-

-

2
-

6
6

3
3

39
30

50
50

4
3

44
44

35
35

31
31

65
6

10
9

214
209

100
94

126
125

121
114

82
82

667
667

23
23

15
15

24
24

-

20
20

•
-

75
75

62
61

110
110

141
140

41
41

79
78

49
39

109
108

134
132

338
328

132
126

75
75

70
70

91
91

113
113

22
22

56
56

12
12

34
34

6
6

18
18

*

6
6
-

-

1
1
-

44
19
25
1

18
10

5
4

5
3

91
81

2

12

10

-

1

12

9

18
18
-

50
6
44
43

58
58
-

2
2
-

16
16
-

13
13
•
"

4
4
3

6

10
8

11
8
3
1

47
35

1

22
8
14
13

10
-

8

4
4

1
-

-

15
15

33
33

52
41

27
27

19
19

46
38

38
38

141
131

167
150

135
134

53
53

5
5

51
51

26
26

24
24

9

10

24
24
-

3
3
-

5
5
-

7
7
-

10
8
2
*

*

43
43
-

6
6
-

6 .3 8 - 7 .0 8
6 .3 8 - 6 .9 7

5
3

4
3

9
8

8 .1 7
8 .3 6

7 .4 7 - 8 .4 5
7 .5 9 - 8 .4 5

_

-

*

-

7 .1 5
7 .1 6

7 .2 5
7 .2 5

6 .4 6 - 7 .7 6
6 .4 0 - 7 .7 7

8
8

7 .4 4
7.5 0
7 .3 2
7.7 1

7 .4 1
7.4 1
7 .3 3
7 .8 4

7 .0 0 7 .2 5 6 .5 7 7 .3 3 -

8 .0 4
8 .0 4
7 .8 4
7 .8 4

7 .2 6
7 .2 8

7 .2 5
7 .2 5

6 .8 4 - 7 .5 8
6 .9 0 — 7 .5 8

2

2

6

17
17

-

•
-

4
4

-

18
18

19

8

-

2

2

2

2

2

2

-

-

«.
-

•
-

•

17
17

20

8

20

8

4
4

-

-

12

106
106

-

•
25

-------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

m a in t e n a n c e

trades

helpers

1 ,0 2 8

909
119

6 .6 0
6 .4 9

6 .3 3
6 .0 8

5 .9 0 - 7 .1 7
5 .9 0 - 6 .9 6

-

-

5
4

50
49

8

10

2

6

4

3
-

2

1

.
-

-

4

19
19

10

10

7
7

5

-

.
-

8

-

-

2

-

6 .6 2
6 .7 2

6 .6 2
6 .6 2

6 .3 0 - 6 .9 0
6 .4 9 - 6 .9 6

11
6

4
-

13
-

27
-

76
59

78
25

115
115

124
124

249
249

137
137

30
30

80
80

30
30

38
38

2

8

6

2

8

_
-

-

•

50
50

29
29

2
2

20

•

-

24
24

-

*

90
90

*

20

-

32
32

15
15

26
26

•

_

87
87

78
78

1

40
40

17
17

6

21
21

41
41

16
16

47
47

6

-

5
4
1

70

15
14

34
29
5

23

34

13
57

5
5

48
41

34

7

12

24

8

53

h3

■'•DO
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS (TOOLROOM) MANUFACTURING---------- ------------- -------

340
340

6 .9 9
6 .9 9

6 .6 1
6 .6 1

5 .9 9 - 7.8 0
5 .9 9 - 7 .8 0

•

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS -------------------------MANUFACTURING--------------- ------ — -----

525
525

7 .4 3
7 .4 3

7 .5 5
7 .5 5

6 .2 7 - 8 .7 4
6 .2 7 - 8 .7 4

•

STATIONARY ENGINEERS -----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------- -----------NONMANUFACTURING-------- — --------------

374
204
170

7 .3 7
7.4 1
7 .3 2

7 .4 0
7 .3 7
7 .5 2

6 .7 8 - 7 .9 7
6 .6 7 - 7 .9 7
6 .7 8 - 7 .9 5

•
-

146

6 .5 3

*

*

-

3
3

-

-

*

-

-

16
16
-

13
3

8
8

10

-

8

42

See footnotes at end of tables.




6

-

24

1

16
16
-

6

1

12
11

•
-

6

-

12

47
47

39
39

8

24
24
-

-

-

8

8
8

-

-

-

-

-

8

8

•
-

Table A-12. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers—large establishments
in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1977
Hourly earnings

Num ber of w orkers receiving straight-tim e hourly earnings of--

4

s

Occupation and industry d ivis io n
Mean

*

M edia n 2

M iddle range

*

S

I

S

S

$

S

$

I

i

s

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

1

S

2 .3 0

Number

2 .4 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

5 .0 0

5 .4 0

5 .8 0

6 .2 0

6 *6 0

7 .0 0

7 .4 0

7 .8 0

8 .2 0

8 »6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 Q

5 .0 0

5 .4 0

5 .8 0

6 .2 0

6 ,.6 0 _ Z . 0 f L 7 ^ 4 0

7 .8 0

-8 *2 0

8 »6 0

over

7

17

117

108

215

2

17

98

37

24

405

5

100

30
78

*5
-

405

12

151
92

174

6

117

59

20

*5
42

-

2
-

*

*

•

-

-

“

*

*

1

•S

and
under
2 .4 0

and
2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

ALL WORKERS
$
7 .1 7

$

1 ,3 0 3

7 .1 1

$
6 .3 4 -

727

7 .5 4

8 .3 1

6 .7 3 -

8 .3 1

576

6 .7 1

6 .4 8

5 .8 1 -

7 .7 7

PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------

381

7 .0 9

7 .1 1

6 .4 2 -

7 .7 7

TRUCKDRIVERS. MEDIUM TRUCK
NONMANUF A C T U P IN G ---------------

260

6 .2 8

6 .1 6

5 .6 6 -

6 .9 6

•

150

5 .9 2

5 .6 6

5 .6 6 -

5 .8 6

*

150

7 .3 9

7 .6 9

6 .4 1 -

7 .8 7

78

7 .4 5

7 .5 2

6 .3 4 -

8 .4 1

TRUCKDRIVERS ------------------ — — MANUFACTURING-------------------NONMANUFACTURING

------

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK
(T R A ILE R ) ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------SHIPPING CLERKS ---------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------RECEIVING C LE R K S -------- — -------MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING
RETAIL TRADE -------------------

$
8 .3 1

72

7 .3 3

7 .8 7

6 .4 )-

5 .8 2

5 .8 5

5 *0 4 —

6 «6 6

97

5 .9 7

6 .3 9

5 *4 4 — 6 *6 6

-

-

-

-

-

1

4
4

-

-

1

-

•

•

2

60

52

59

20

•

8

102

24

13

75

36

2

*

3

99

22

1

5

20

4

14

1

-

•
*

•

•

“

*

*

166

5 .2 8

5 .2 1

57

150
145

1

-

•
*

-

*

•
*

*

_

25

4

4

27

42

28

2

8

8

2

4

22

-

28

2

6

17

2

~

5

42

20
19

6

24

28

2

1

1

6

24

26

2

1

-

4

7 .8 7

116

-

-

-

-

.

-

“

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

•

7

1

-

4

_

-

3

4

1

13

9

*

*

*

-

10

5

5 .7 5

5 .5 7

4 .4 1 5 .1 5 -

6 .1 0
6 .2 4

4 .5 9

4 .4 0

4 .2 3 -

4 .9 1

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
7

63

4 .4 9

4 .4 0

4 .2 3 -

4 .8 3

-

-

-

*

-

“

7

3

13

21

14

35

28

4

2

26

3

30
29

7

25

6

1

-

3

13

21

7

10

2

1

1

1

2
-

-

*

3

13

21

7

8

2

1

1

-

-

3

98
68

-

-

1
-

*

*

-

-

-

-

-

•

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

WAREHOUSEMEN ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

318
164

5 .9 1
6 .1 4

5 .5 4

5 .3 8 -

6 .0 0

6

24

116

46

48

7

11

27

10

5 .9 5

5 .5 5 -

6 .7 8

-

-

-

*

*

*

*

-

*

*

3

6

24

3

25

48

20
12

.

5

11

-

27

-

-

ORDER FILLERS --------------------------

198

4 .7 9

4 .4 0

3 .7 4 -

6 .1 0

-

-

-

-

-

2

9

46

-

3

30

15

10

19

9

50

1

4

-

-

-

-

-

SHIPPING PACKERS --------------------MANUFACTURING

216

5 .2 3

5 .4 4

4 .8 4 -

5 .7 9

_

_

•

-

.

-

.

1

_

33

19

1

51

-

30
16

18

-

58
58

18

5
5

6 .2 9

1

8

5

28

12

62

4

48

127

53

-

26

161

25

164

144

15

65

3

161

25

111
102

62

4

33

96

22

3

119

9

MATERIAL HANOLING LABORERS ------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

148

5 .5 3

5 .4 4

1 ,3 5 0
787

5 .5 3

5 .3 9

4 .2 5 -

6 .1 3

5 .9 2

4 .9 8 -

7 .0 7

-

-

-

-

-

15
-

563

4 .6 8

4 .2 0

3 .8 2 -

5 .6 5

1

8

5

28

12

15

5 .2 7 5 .2 4 -

6 .8 4
6 .9 4

7 .3 4
7 .3 4

51

FORKLIFT OPERATORS --------------------MANUFACTURING ----------- — ---------

1 ,0 6 4

6 .1 9

6 .2 0

1 ,0 2 7

6 .2 0

6 .2 1

POWER-TRUCK OPERATORS (OTHER
THAN FORKLIFT) -------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------

646

6 .7 9

7 .3 4

635

6 .8 0

7 .3 4

5 .6 4 5 .6 4 -

1 ,0 6 9

5 .7 4

6 .3 5

4 .8 4 -

6 .4 3

863

6 .0 2
4 .5 6

6 .4 0

5 .8 9 -

4 .6 2

3 .5 5 -

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN-----------------MANUFACTURING ------------ ----- ------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------- ----GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING ------------------------JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS
MANUFACTURING ------------ -----------NONMANUFACTURING ------------- ----PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ---------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------

206

24

127

5

2

12

11

10

_

-

“

-

-

46

6

125

28

6

125

28

46

-

-

-

10

*

*

*

“

253

88

122

198

187

106

22

4

6

28

250

86

122

168

187

106

22

4

6

28

-

28

42

37

87

2

45

38

347

14

6

42

37

87

2

34

38

347

14

6

161

42

61

67

515

48

32

1

95

38
4

15

59

515

48

30

1

46

8

“

*

*

4

17

4

35

6

18

4

4

41

-

12

l

-

4

16

2

2

25

4

5

3

35

2

2

2

2

16

66

2

4

5

3

35

2

2

2

2

1

28

*

*

6 .4 3

2
-

-

2
-

5 .4 7

2

5

2

•

3 .3 8

3 .5 5

3 .1 5 -

3 .5 5

2

5

816

6 .1 2

6 .4 0

6 .0 7 -

6 .4 3

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

25

83

38

15

55

515

48

2 ,6 5 7

4 .8 0

4 .o 7 -

5 .7 6

7

14

33

28

12

72

238

64

47

253

257

204

404

511

306

61

5 .7 6

10
23

-

42

57

95

294

502

289

36

15

23

12

71

238

22

3
44

32

4 .5 4

5
2

10

3 .5 5 -

221

93

200

109

25

16

24

79

110
88

17

10
3

5

.

•

•

•

15

5 .0 4 -

131
38

•

2

65

1 ,4 3 4

5 .3 3

4 .9 0
5 .5 9

1 ,2 2 3

4 ,1 7

4 .0 7

268

5 .0 8

5 .0 4

4 .8 7 -

3 .4 6

3 .5 5

3 .2 3 -

3 .5 5

5

1

5 .2 4

336

4
4

-

29

*

”

5

-

28

10

13

11

6

See footnotes at end of tables.




48

151
139

_

_

25

65

206

14

3

2

2

2

9
9

17

25

•

30

1

-

-

-

•
•

•
•
•

•

•
•

-

•




Table A-13. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom,
powerp.lant, material movement, and custodial workers, by se xlarge establishments in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1977
Sex,

3

Number
of
workers

occupation, and in du stry d iv is io n

A v e rage
(m e an 2 )
hourly
earnings4

Sex, 3 occupation, and in du stry d ivis io n

MAINTENANCE, t o o l r o o m , and
POWERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - MEN

m a t e r ia l

m ovem ent

OCCUPATIONS -

and

Number
of
workers

Average
(m e a n ^ )
hourly
earnings4

c u s t o d ia l

MEN— CONTINUED

$

166

78

7 .6 6

1,6 79
1,590

7 .4 5

91

(MACHINERY)

-

1 ,7 75
1 ,7 43

7 .1 5

RETAIL TRADE

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS

-----------------------------------------

n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

295

-.IT

------------------------------------

61

4*59
4 .4 9

161

91
6 .1 5

114

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS

5.6 1

UNULK r iLLCKO

7 21

1,0 28
119
uUAHU AnU
j

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS

340

--------------------------------------------

6 .9 9

523

7 ' ‘
7 .4 4

374

7 .3 7

170

MANUFACTURING

1 ,0 45

1vl liiUrJ

(TOOLROOM) -

7 .3 2

GUARCSt
808

STATIONARY ENGINEERS

----------------------------------

JANITORS, PORTERS, ANO CLEANERS

-----

154

m a t e r ia l

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

m ovem ent

and

OCCUPATIONS -

c u s t o d ia l

WOMEN

JANITORS, PORTERS, ANO CLEANERS

See footnotes at end of tables.

26

-------

6 .1 3

Footnotes

3 E a rn in g s data r e la te o n ly to w o r k e r s w h ose s e x id e n tific a tio n was
p r o v id e d b y the e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w e e k en d s,
h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts .
5 E s tim a te s f o r p e r io d s ending p r i o r to 1976 r e la te to m en o n ly fo r
s k ille d m a in te n a n c e and u n sk ille d plant w o r k e r s . A l l o th e r e s tim a te s r e la te
to m en and w o m en .
6 D ata do not m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a o r data not a v a ila b le .

1 S tan d ard hours r e f le c t the w o rk w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e
t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t- tim e s a la r ie s
(e x c lu s iv e o f pay f o r o v e r t im e at
r e g u la r an d/or p re m iu m r a t e s ), and the e a rn in g s c o r re s p o n d to th es e
w e e k ly h o u rs.
2 T h e m ea n is com p u ted f o r each jo b b y to ta lin g the e a rn in g s o f a ll
w o r k e r s and d iv id in g by the n u m b er o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m ed ian d e sig n a te s
p o s itio n — h a lf o f the w o r k e r s r e c e iv e the sam e o r m o r e and h a lf r e c e iv e
the sam e o r le s s than the ra te shown. T h e m id d le ran ge is d e fin e d by tw o
r a te s o f pay: a fo u rth o f the w o r k e r s e a rn the s a m e o r le s s than the lo w e r
o f th e s e ra te s and a fo u rth e a r n the s a m e o r m o r e than the h ig h e r ra te .




27

Appendix A.
Scope and Method
of Survey
D ata on a r e a w a g e s and r e la te d b e n e fits a r e ob tain ed b y p e rs o n a l
v is it s o f B u reau f ie ld r e p r e s e n ta tiv e s at 3 - y e a r in t e r v a ls .
In each o f the
in te r v e n in g y e a r s , in fo rm a tio n on e m p lo y m e n t and o c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s is
c o lle c te d b y a c o m b in a tio n o f p e r s o n a l v is it , m a il q u e s tio n n a ire , and t e l e ­
phone in t e r v ie w f r o m e s ta b lis h m e n ts p a r tic ip a tin g in the p re v io u s s u r v e y .
In each o f the 74 * a r e a s c u r r e n t ly s u r v e y e d , data a r e ob tain ed fr o m
1
r e p r e s e n ta tiv e e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b ro a d in d u s try d iv is io n s : M a n u fa c ­
tu rin g ; tr a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le
tr a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u ra n ce , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r
in d u s try g ro u p s e x c lu d e d fr o m th ese stu d ies a r e g o v e rn m e n t o p e r a tio n s and
the c o n s tru c tio n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s tr ie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a vin g f e w e r than
a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d b e ca u s e o f in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y ­
m en t in the occ u p a tio n s stu d ied . S e p a ra te tab u la tion s a r e p r o v id e d f o r each
o f the b ro a d in d u s try d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r it e r ia .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e con du cted on a s a m p le b a s is .
T h e sam p lin g
p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d e ta ile d s tr a t ific a t io n o f a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the
scop e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y in d u s try and n u m b er o f e m p lo y e e s .
F r o m th is s t r a t ifie d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ilit y s a m p le is s e le c te d , w ith each
e s ta b lis h m e n t h a vin g a p r e d e te r m in e d chan ce o f s e le c tio n . T o ob tain op tim u m
a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r p r o p o r tio n o f la r g e than s m a ll e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts is s e le c te d .
W hen data a r e c o m b in e d , each e s ta b lis h m e n t is
w e ig h te d a c c o r d in g to its p r o b a b ility o f s e le c tio n , so that un biased e s tim a te s
a r e g e n e ra te d . F o r e x a m p le , i f one out o f fo u r e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c te d ,
it is g iv e n a w e ig h t o f 4 to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f plus th re e o th e rs . A n a lte r n a te
o f the s a m e o r ig in a l p r o b a b ilit y is ch osen in the sa m e in d u s tr y - s iz e c l a s s i ­
fic a tio n i f data a r e n ot a v a ila b le f r o m the o r ig in a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
I f no
su ita b le substitute is a v a ila b le , a d d itio n a l w e ig h t is a s s ig n e d to a s a m p le
m e m b e r that is s im ila r to the m is s in g unit.
O ccu p ation s and e a rn in g s
O ccu p a tion s s e le c te d f o r study a r e co m m o n to a v a r ie t y o f m a n u fa c ­
tu rin g and n o n m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f the fo llo w in g ty p e s : (1 )
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (2 ) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (3 ) m ain ten a n ce, to o lr o o m ,
and p o w e rp la n t; and (4 ) m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t and c u s to d ia l.
O ccu p a tion a l
c la s s ific a t io n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d e s ig n e d to take
accou n t o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n in d u ties w ith in the sam e jo b .
O ccupation s s e le c te d fo r stu dy a r e lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d in ap p en d ix B.
1 Included in the 74 areas are 4 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are Akron,
Ohio; Birmingham, A la .; Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, Va. —N. C. ; and
Syracuse, N .Y . In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 100 areas at the
request of the Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department of Labor.




U n le s s o th e r w is e in d ic a te d , the e a rn in g s data fo llo w in g the jo b
t it le s a r e f o r a ll in d u s tr ie s co m b in e d .
E a rn in g s data f o r som e o f the
occu p a tio n s lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d , o r f o r s om e in d u s try d iv is io n s w ith in the
s cop e o f the s u r v e y , a r e n o t p re s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s b eca u se
e ith e r (1 ) e m p lo y m e n t in the occu p a tio n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data
to m e r it p re s e n ta tio n , o r (2 ) th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l
e s ta b lis h m e n t d ata. S e p a ra te m e n 's and w o m e n 's e a rn in g s data a r e not
p re s e n te d w hen the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s not id e n tifie d b y s e x is 20 p e rc e n t
o r m o r e o f the m en o r w o m en id e n tifie d in an occu p a tio n .
E a rn in g s data
n o t shown s e p a r a t e ly f o r in d u s try d iv is io n s a r e in clu d ed in data fo r a ll
in d u s trie s co m b in e d .
L ik e w is e , f o r o ccu p atio n s w ith m o r e than one le v e l,
data a r e in clu d ed in the o v e r a l l c la s s ific a t io n w hen a s u b c la s s ific a tio n is
n o t shown o r in fo r m a tio n to s u b c la s s ify is n o t a v a ila b le .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a rn in g s data a r e shown fo r fu ll- t im e
w o r k e r s , i. e ., th ose h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly sch ed u le.
E a rn in g s
data ex c lu d e p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s ,
and la te s h ifts .
N o n p ro d u c tio n b on u ses a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f- liv in g
a llo w a n c e s and in c e n tiv e bon uses a r e in clu d ed .
W e e k ly h ou rs f o r o ffic e
c l e r i c a l and p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l occu p a tio n s r e f e r to the stan dard
w o rk w e e k (rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r) f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e
r e g u la r s tr a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r
an d/or p r e m iu m r a t e s ). A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s f o r th e s e occu p ation s a r e
rounded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r . V e r t i c a l lin e s w ith in the d is trib u tio n o f
w o r k e r s on s om e A - t a b le s in d ic a te a chan ge in the s iz e o f the c la s s in t e r v a ls .

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s in an a r e a
at a p a r tic u la r tim e . C o m p a ris o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
tim e m a y n ot r e f le c t e x p e c te d w a g e c h a n ges. T h e a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l job s
a r e a ffe c t e d b y ch an ges in w a g e s and e m p lo y m e n t p a tte r n s .
F o r e x a m p le ,
p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y h ig h - o r lo w - w a g e f ir m s m a y chan ge, o r
h ig h -w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d va n ce to b e tte r jo b s and be r e p la c e d b y new
w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a te s . Such s h ifts in e m p lo y m e n t cou ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u ­
p a tio n a l a v e r a g e e v en though m o s t e s ta b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a in c r e a s e w a g e s
d u rin g the y e a r . C han ges in e a rn in g s o f o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s, shown in tab le
A - 7 , a r e b e tte r in d ic a to r s o f w a g e tre n d s than a r e e a rn in g s chan ges fo r
in d iv id u a l jo b s w ith in the g ro u p s .

A v e r a g e e a rn in g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s ite , a r e a w id e e s tim a te s . In d u s trie s
and e s ta b lis h m e n ts d if f e r in p a y l e v e l and jo b s ta ffin g , and thus c o n trib u te
d if fe r e n t ly to the e s tim a te s f o r ea c h jo b . P a y a v e r a g e s m a y f a il to r e f le c t
a c c u r a te ly the w a g e d iffe r e n t ia l am on g jo b s in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts .

A v e r a g e p a y le v e ls f o r m en and w o m en in s e le c te d occu p a tio n s should
n ot be as s u m ed to r e f le c t d iffe r e n c e s in p a y o f the s e x e s w ith in in d iv id u a l
e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
F a c to r s w h ich m a y c on trib u te to d iffe r e n c e s in clu d e p r o ­
g r e s s io n w ith in e s ta b lis h e d ra te ra n g e s (o n ly the ra te s p aid incu m b ents a r e
c o lle c t e d ) and p e r fo r m a n c e o f s p e c ific d u ties w ith in the g e n e r a l s u r v e y jo b
d e s c r ip tio n s . Job d e s c r ip tio n s u sed to c la s s ify e m p lo y e e s in th es e s u rv e y s
u s u a lly a r e m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th ose u sed in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts
and a llo w fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts in s p e c ific du ties
pe r fo r m e d .

E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g

S k ille d m ain ten a n ce

C o m p u te r s y s te m s
a n a ly s ts , c la s s e s
A , B, and C
C o m p u te r p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c la s s e s A , B, and C
C o m p u te r o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s e s A , B, and C

C a rp e n te r s
E le c t r ic ia n s
P a in t e r s
M a c h in ists
M e c h a n ic s (m a c h in e r y )
M e c h a n ic s (m o to r v e h ic le )
P ip e f it t e r s
T o o l and d ie m a k e r s

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a ll e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in the sc o p e o f the study and n ot the n u m b er a c tu a lly s u r v e y e d .
B ec a u se o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e s am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts d if fe r , e s tim a te s o f
o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in ed f r o m the sa m p le o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts studied
s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te the r e la t iv e im p o rta n c e o f the job s stu d ied .
These
d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e do not a ffe c t m a t e r ia lly the a c c u r a c y o f
the e a r n in g s data.

In d u s tr ia l n u rs e s

U n s k ille d plan t

R e g is t e r e d in d u s tr ia l
n u rs e s

J a n ito rs , p o r t e r s , and
c le a n e r s
M a t e r ia l han d lin g la b o r e r s

W a g e tr e n d s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g rou p s
T h e p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s p re s e n te d in ta b le A - 7 a r e b a sed on chan ges
in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f m en and w o m e n in e s ta b lis h m e n ts r e p o r tin g the
tre n d jo b s in both the c u r r e n t and p re v io u s y e a r (m a tc h e d e s ta b lis h m e n ts ).
T h e data a r e ad ju sted to r e m o v e the e ffe c ts on a v e r a g e e a rn in g s o f e m p lo y ­
m en t sh ifts am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts and tu r n o v e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts in clu d ed
in s u r v e y s a m p le s .
T h e p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a r e s t ill a ffe c t e d by
fa c to r s o th e r than w a g e in c r e a s e s . H ir in g s , la y o ffs , and tu r n o v e r m a y a ffe c t
an e s ta b lis h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an occu p a tio n when w o r k e r s a r e p aid u n d er plans
p r o v id in g a ra n g e o f w a g e r a te s f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s . In p e r io d s o f in c r e a s e d
h ir in g , f o r e x a m p le , n e w e m p lo y e e s m a y e n te r at the b o tto m o f the ra n g e,
d e p r e s s in g the a v e r a g e w ith ou t a change in w a g e r a te s .
T h e p e r c e n t c h a n ges r e la te to w a g e chan ges b etw een the in d ic a te d
d a te s . W hen the tim e span b etw een s u r v e y s is o th e r than 12 m on th s, annual
r a te s a r e shown,
( i t is a ssu m ed that w a g e s in c r e a s e at a con stan t ra te
b e tw e e n s u r v e y s .)

P e r c e n t ch an ges f o r i
as fo llo w s :

a r e a s in the p r o g r a m a r e com p u ted

1. A v e r a g e e a rn in g s a r e com p u ted f o r each occu p ation f o r
the 2 y e a r s b ein g c o m p a re d . T h e a v e r a g e s a r e d e r iv e d
f r o m e a r n in g s in th o s e e s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ich a r e in
the s u r v e y both y e a r s ; it is assu m ed that e m p lo y m e n t
r e m a in s unchanged.
2.

E a c h occu p a tio n is a s s ig n e d a w e ig h t b ased on its p r o ­
p o r tio n a te e m p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p in the
b a se y e a r .

3.

T h e s e w e ig h ts a r e u sed to com p u te g ro u p a v e r a g e s .
E a c h o c c u p a tio n 's a v e r a g e e a rn in g s (com p u ted in step 1)
is m u ltip lie d b y its w e ig h t. T h e p ro d u cts a r e to ta le d to
ob ta in a gro u p a v e r a g e .

4.

T h e r a tio o f g ro u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a rs is
com p u ted b y d iv id in g the a v e r a g e f o r the c u r re n t y e a r b y
the a v e r a g e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r . T he r e s u lt— e x p r e s s e d
as a p e r c e n t— le s s 100 is the p e r c e n t chan ge.

O ccu p a tion s u sed to com p u te w a g e tre n d s a r e :

O f f ic e c l e r i c a l

O ffic e c l e r i c a l — C ontinued

S e c r e t a r ie s
S te n o g ra p h e rs , g e n e r a l
S te n o g ra p h e rs , s e n io r
T y p is t s , c la s s e s
A and B
F i l e c le r k s , c la s s e s A ,
B, and C
M ess e n g e rs
S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a to r s

O r d e r c le r k s , c la s s e s
A and B
A c c o u n tin g c le r k s ,
c la s s e s A and B
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e
o p e r a to r s , c la s s B
P a y r o ll c le r k s
K eypu n ch o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s e s A and B




F o r a m o r e d e ta ile d d e s c r ip tio n o f the m eth od u sed to com p u te th es e
w a g e tr e n d s , se e "Im p r o v in g A r e a W a g e S u rv e y In d e x e s , " M o n th ly L a b o r
R e v ie w , Jan u ary 1973, pp. 52 -57 .
E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s
T a b u la tio n s on s e le c te d e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p lem e n ta ry
w a g e p r o v is io n s ( B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) a r e n ot p r e s e n te d in th is b u lle tin . I n f o r ­
m a tio n f o r th e s e tab u la tion s is c o lle c t e d at 3- y e a r in t e r v a ls .
T h e s e tab u ­
la tio n s on m in im u m e n tra n c e s a la r ie s f o r in e x p e r ie n c e d o ffic e w o r k e r s ; s h ift
d iffe r e n t ia ls ; sch ed u led w e e k ly h o u rs and. d a y s; p aid h o lid a y s ; p aid v a c a tio n s ;
and h e a lth , in s u ra n c e , and p e n s io n plan s a r e p re s e n te d (in the B - s e r ie s ta b le s )
in p r e v io u s b u lle tin s f o r th is a r e a .

A pp endix ta b le 1. Establishm ents and w orkers w ith in scope o f survey and num ber studied
in P ittsburgh, P a .,1 Jan u ary 1977

Industry d ivis io n 2

M inim u m
em ploym en t
in esta b lish m ents in scope
o f study

N um ber of establish m ents

W o rk e rs in establish m ents
W ithin scope o f study 1
4
3
*

W ithin scope
o f study *

Studied

Studied
Num ber

Percen t

ALL EST»8LISHMENTS
ALL D IV ISIO N S -------------------------------------------------

-

1 ,0 06

246

3 9 2 ,4 9 2

100

219*826

MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING---------------------- *
---------------------------TRANSPORTATION, COMMUNICATION, AND
OTHER PUBLIC U T IL I T IE S 5 --------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------- -----------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------------------------------FINANCE, INSURANCE, and REAL ESTATE 6 -----------SERVICES7 ------------------------------------------

100
-

327
679

75
171

201*803
190*689

51
49

109*016
110*810

100
50
100
50
50

62
155
120
103
239

26
32
31
24
50

4 0 *196
17.120
6 3*603
27*124
4 2 *646

10
4
16
7
11

33*610
7 .0 3 2
3 4 .5 9 4
16,559
19*015

-

125

83

2 4 9 .5 4 4

100

1 8 6 *12S

500
-

74
51

39
44

147 .237
102*307

59
41

9 9 .9 2 7
86*198

500
500
500
SOO
500

13
5
19
a
6

13
4
14
7
6

29*948
3*501
4 3 ,6 7 0
15*570
9 *618

12
1
17
6
4

29*948
2*836
30*276
13*520
9*618

LARGE ESTABLISHMENTS
ALL D IV ISIO N S ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------------TRANSPORTATION, COMMUNICATION, AND
OTHER PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5 ---------- ----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------- -------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------- -----------------------------------------FINANCE, INSURANCE, AND REAL ESTATE 6 -----------SERVICES7 ------------------------------------------------------------

1 The P ittsb u rg h Standard M etrop o lita n S ta tistica l A r e a , as defined by the
O ffic e o f M anagem ent and Budget through F e b ru a ry 1974, co n sists o f A lle g h e n y ,
B e a v e r , W ashington, and W estm o rela n d Counties.
The "w o r k e rs w ithin scope o f
study" estim a tes shown in this ta b le p r o v id e a reason ably a ccu rate d es crip tio n o f
the s iz e and co m position o f the la b o r fo r c e included in the su rvey. E stim a tes a re
not intended, h o w e v e r, fo r co m p a rison w ith oth er em ploym ent indexes to m easu re
em ploym en t tren d s o r l e v e l s
sin ce (1) planning o f w a ge su rveys re q u ire s
establish m ent data co m p iled co n s id era b ly in advance o f the p a y r o ll p e rio d studied,
and (2) s m a ll establish m ents a re excluded fr o m the scope o f the su rvey.
‘ The 1972 edition o f the Standard In d u stria l C la s s ific a tio n Manual was
used in c la s s ify in g establish m ents b y in du stry d ivis ion .
H o w ever, i l l govern m en t
operations a re exclu ded fr o m the scope o f the su rvey.
3 Includes a ll establish m ents w ith to ta l em ploym ent at o r above the m inim u m
lim ita tio n . A l l outlets (w ithin the a rea ) o f com pan ies in in du stries such as tra d e ,
fin a n ce, auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m otion p ictu re th eaters a re co n s id ere d as 1
establish m ent.




4 Includes a ll w o r k e r s in a ll establish m en ts w ith to ta l em ploym en t (w ithin
the a rea ) at o r above the m in im u m lim ita tion .
5 A b b re v ia te d to "p u b lic u t ilitie s " in the A - s e r ie s ta b les.
Tax ica b s and
s e r v ic e s in ciden tal to w a te r tra n sp o rta tio n a re exclu ded. P itts b u rg h 's lo c a l and
suburban tra n s it o p era tio n s a re m u n icip a lly owned and a re exclu ded by definition
fr o m the scope o f the su rvey.
6 A b b re v ia te d to "fin a n c e " in the A - s e r ie s ta b les.
7 H o tels and m o te ls ; lau n dries and oth er p e rs o n a l s e r v ic e s ; business s e r v ic e s ;
au tom obile r e p a ir , re n ta l, and park ing; m otion p ic tu re s ; n on profit m em bersh ip
o rga n izatio n s (ex clu din g re lig io u s and ch a rita b le o r g a n iz a tio n s ); and en gin eerin g
and a rch itectu ra l s e r v ic e s .

30

Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
T h e p r im a r y p u rp o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r ip tio n s f o r the B u ­
r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s is to a s s is t its f ie ld s ta ff in c la s s ify in g into a p p r o ­
p r ia t e o c c u p a tio n s w o r k e r s who a r e e m p lo y e d u n der a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o ll
t it le s and d iffe r e n t w o r k a r ra n g e m e n ts f r o m e s ta b lis h m e n t to e s t a b lis h ­
m en t and f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m its th e g ro u p in g o f oc c u p a tio n a l
w a g e r a te s r e p r e s e n tin g c o m p a ra b le jo b con ten t.
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a ­
sis on in te r e s ta b lis h m en t and in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ilit y o f o c c u p a tio n a l
co n te n t, the B u re a u 's jo b d e s c r ip tio n s m a y d if fe r s ig n ific a n tly f r o m th o s e
in u se in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts o r th o s e p r e p a r e d fo r o th e r p u rp o s e s .
In a p p ly in g th e s e jo b d e s c r ip tio n s , th e B u re a u 's f ie ld e c o n o m is ts a r e
in s tr u c te d to e x c lu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p re n tic e s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g in ­
n e r s ; and p a r t - t im e , t e m p o r a r y , and p ro b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s .
H an dicap p ed
w o r k e r s w h o s e e a rn in g s a r e red u c e d b e ca u s e o f th e ir handicap a r e a ls o
e x c lu d e d .
T r a in e e s a r e e xclu d ed f r o m th e s u r v e y exc e p t f o r th o s e r e ­
c e iv in g o n - th e - jo b tr a in in g in s o m e o f th e lo w e r l e v e l p r o fe s s io n a l and
te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s .

Office
SECRETARY

S E C R E T A R Y — C ontinued

A s s ig n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to one in d iv id u a l.
M a in ­
ta in s a c lo s e and h ig h ly r e s p o n s iv e r e la tio n s h ip to th e d a y -to -d a y w o r k o f the
s u p e r v is o r .
W o rk s f a i r l y in d e p en d en tly r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e ta ile d
s u p e r v is io n and g u id an ce.
P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l d u tie s ,
u s u a lly in c lu d in g m o s t o f the f o llo w in g ;

E x c lu s io n s

a n s w e rs
p e rs o n s ;

N ot a ll p o s itio n s th at a r e t it le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the ab ove c h a r ­
a c t e r is t ic s .
E x a m p le s o f p o s itio n s w h ich a r e e xclu d ed f r o m the d e fin itio n a r e
as fo llo w s :

a. R e c e iv e s te le p h o n e c a lls , p e r s o n a l c a ll e r s , and in c o m in g m a il,
ro u tin e in q u ir ie s , and ro u te s te c h n ic a l in q u irie s to the p r o p e r

a. P o s itio n s
d e s c r ib e d a b ov e ;
b.

b.
c.
in s tru c te d ;
d.

E s ta b lis h e s ,

m a in ta in s ,

and r e v is e s th e s u p e r v is o r 's f ile s ;

do not

m eet

th e " p e r s o n a l" s e c r e t a r y

con cep t

S te n o g ra p h e rs not fu lly tr a in e d in s e c r e t a r ia l- t y p e d u tie s ;

c . S te n o g ra p h e rs s e r v in g as o f f i c e a s s is ta n ts to a grou p o f p r o f e s ­
te c h n ic a l, o r m a n a g e r ia l p e rs o n s ;

M a in ta in s th e s u p e r v is o r 's c a le n d a r and m ak es ap p oin tm en ts as

s io n a l,

R e la y s m e s s a g e s f r o m

d. S e c r e t a r y p o s itio n s in w h ich th e d u ties a r e e ith e r s u b s ta n tia lly
m o r e rou tin e o r s u b s ta n tia lly m o r e c o m p le x and r e s p o n s ib le than th o s e c h a r ­
a c t e r iz e d in th e d e fin itio n ;

s u p e r v is o r to su b o rd in a te s ;

e. R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , and r e p o rts p r e p a r e d by
o th e rs f o r th e s u p e r v is o r 's s ig n a tu re to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and ty p o g ra p h ic
accu racy;
f.

w h ich

P e rfo r m s

e. A s s is ta n t - ty p e p o s itio n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e
r e s p o n s ib le te c h n ic a l, a d m in is tr a tiv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c l e r i c a l
d u ties w h ich a r e not t y p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o rk .

s te n o g ra p h ic and ty p in g w o rk .

NO TE:
T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u sed in th e l e v e l d e fin itio n s
fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to th o s e o f f i c i a l s w ho h a ve a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a te w id e
p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r com p an y a c t iv it ie s .
The title "v ic e
p r e s id e n t, " though n o r m a lly in d ic a tiv e o f th is r o l e , d oes not in a ll c a s e s

M a y a ls o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l ta s k s o f c o m p a ra b le
n a tu re and d iffic u lty .
T h e w o r k t y p ic a lly r e q u ir e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e rou tin e
and u n d e rs ta n d in g o f th e o r g a n iz a tio n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e la te d to
th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v is o r .




31

SECRETARY— Continued
Exclusions— Continued
id e n tify such p o s itio n s .
V ic e p r e s id e n ts w h ose p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y is to
act p e r s o n a lly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r tr a n s a c tio n s (e . g . , a p p ro v e o r deny
in d iv id u a l loa n o r c r e d it a c tio n s ; a d m in is te r in d iv id u a l tr u s t accou n ts; d ir e c t ly
s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l s ta ff) a r e not c o n s id e r e d to b e " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " fo r
p u rp o s es o f a p p lyin g th e fo llo w in g l e v e l d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A
1.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a irm a n o f th e b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t o f a com p an y
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
2.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a te o f f ic e r (o th e r than the c h a irm a n o f the
b oa rd o r p re s id e n t) o f a com p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but f e w e r
than 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h ead , im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the c o r p o r a te o f f ic e r
l e v e l , o f a m a jo r s e g m e n t o r s u b s id ia ry o f a com p an y that e m p lo y s , in a ll,
o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la s s B

STENO G RAPH ER
P r im a r y duty is to ta k e d ic ta tio n u sin g shorth and , and to t r a n s c r ib e
th e d ic ta tio n .
M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w r itte n c op y .
M a y o p e r a te fr o m a s te n o ­
g ra p h ic p o o l.
M a y o c c a s io n a lly t r a n s c r ib e f r o m v o ic e r e c o r d in g s ( i f p r im a r y
duty is t r a n s c r ib in g f r o m r e c o r d in g s , s e e T r a n s c r ib in g - M a c h in e T y p is t ).
N O T E : T h is jo b is d is tin g u is h e d f r o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a lly w o r k s in a c o n fid e n tia l r e la tio n s h ip w ith on ly one m a n a g e r
o r e x e c u tiv e and p e r fo r m s m o r e r e s p o n s ib le and d is c r e t io n a r y ta s k s as
d e s c r ib e d in th e s e c r e t a r y jo b d e fin itio n .
S te n o g ra p h e r,

k e ep

G en eral

D ic ta tio n in v o lv e s a n o r m a l ro u tin e v o c a b u la r y .
M a y m ain tain f i l e s ,
s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t i v e l y rou tin e c l e r i c a l ta s k s .
S te n o g ra p h e r,

S e n io r

D ic ta tio n in v o lv e s a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la ry such
as in le g a l b r ie f s o r r e p o r ts on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h .
M a y a ls o set up and
m a in ta in f i l e s , k e ep r e c o r d s , e tc .

1.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p re s id e n t o f a com p an y
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
2.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a te o f f ic e r (o t h e r than the ch a irm a n o f the
b oa rd o r p r e s id e n t) o f a com p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but f e w e r
than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r 3
5
4
3.
S e c r e t a r y to th e head, im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the o f f ic e r le v e l, o v e r
e ith e r a m a jo r c o r p o r a tio n w id e fu n c tio n a l a c t iv it y ( e . g . , m a rk e tin g , r e s e a r c h ,
o p e r a tio n s , in d u s tr ia l r e la t io n s , e tc .) o r a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a tio n a l
s e gm e n t ( e . g . , a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a rte r s ; a m a jo r d iv is io n ) o f a com p an y that
e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but f e w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p lo y e e s ; o r
4.
S e c r e t a r y to th e head o f an in d iv id u a l p lan t, f a c t o r y , e tc . (o r
o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f ic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
5.
S e c r e t a r y to th e head o f a la r g e and im p o rta n t o r g a n iz a tio n a l
s e gm e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v is o r o f an o r g a n iz a tio n a l s e gm e n t
o fte n in v o lv in g as m an y as s e v e r a l hundred p e rs o n s ) o r a com p an y that
e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la s s C
1.
S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n w h ose r e s p o n ­
s ib ilit y is not e q u iv a le n t to on e o f th e s p e c ific l e v e l situ ation s in th e d e fin itio n
f o r c la s s B , but' w h o s e o r g a n iz a tio n a l unit n o r m a lly n u m b ers at le a s t s e v e r a l
d o ze n e m p lo y e e s and is u s u a lly d iv id e d into o r g a n iz a tio n a l s e gm e n ts w h ich a r e
o fte n , in tu rn , fu r th e r s u b d ivid ed .
In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , th is l e v e l in clu d es a
w id e ra n g e o f o r g a n iz a tio n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly one o r tw o ; o £

OR
P e r f o r m s s te n o g ra p h ic d u ties r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n tly g r e a t e r in d e ­
p en d en ce and r e s p o n s ib ilit y than s te n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l, as e v id e n c e d b y th e
fo llo w in g :
W o r k r e q u ir e s a h ig h d e g r e e o f s te n o g ra p h ic sp eed and a c c u r a c y ;
a th orou g h w o rk in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u sin ess and o ffic e p ro c e d u r e ; and
o f th e s p e c ific b u s in e s s o p e r a tio n s , o r g a n iz a tio n , p o lic ie s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k flo w , e tc .
U s e s th is k n o w le d g e in p e r fo r m in g s te n o g ra p h ic duties and
r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l ta s k s such as m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b lin g
m a t e r ia l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d a , and le t t e r s ; c o m p o s in g s im p le le t t e r s
f r o m g e n e r a l in s tr u c tio n s ; r e a d in g and rou tin g in c o m in g m a il; and a n sw erin g
ro u tin e q u e s tio n s , etc.
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E

T Y P IS T

P r i m a r y duty is to tr a n s c r ib e d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l rou tin e
v o c a b u la r y f r o m t r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w r itte n
cop y and do s im p le c l e r i c a l w o rk .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r ib in g d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g
a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l Or s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such as l e g a l b r ie fs o r r e p o r ts
on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h a r e not in clu d ed .
A w o r k e r who ta k e s d ic ta tio n in
shorthand o r by S ten otyp e o r s im ila r m a c h in e is c la s s ifie d as a s te n o g ra p h e r.
T Y P IS T

U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls o r to m ake
out b ills a ft e r c a lc u la tio n s h a ve b een m a d e by an oth er p e rs o n .
M a y include
2.
S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t, fa c t o r y , e tc . (or o th e r
ty p in g o f s te n c ils , m a ts , o r s im ila r m a t e r ia ls f o r u s e in d u p licatin g p r o c ­
esses.
M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g l i t t l e s p e c ia l tr a in in g , such as
e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f ic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, f e w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
k eep in g s im p le r e c o r d s , f ilin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r tin g and d is trib u tin g
C la s s D
in c o m in g m a il.
1.
S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v is o r o r head o f a s m a ll o r g a n iz a tio n a l unit
C la s s A . P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g !. T y p in g m a t e r ia l
( e . g . , f e w e r than about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ); o £
in fin a l f o r m w hen it in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r ia l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
*2.
S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s ta ff s p e c ia lis t , p r o fe s s io n a l
r e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r c o r r e c t s p e llin g , s y lla b ic a tio n , punctu ation, e tc ., o f t e c h ­
n ic a l o r unusual w o rd s o r f o r e ig n la n gu a ge m a t e r ia l; \>r planning layou t and
e m p lo y e e , a d m in is tr a tiv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s is ta n t, s k ille d te c h n ic ia n , o r e x p e r t.
ty p in g o f c o m p lic a te d s t a t is t ic a l ta b le s to m ain ta in u n ifo r m ity and b a la n c e in
(N O T E :
M an y c o m p a n ie s a s s ig n s te n o g r a p h e r s , r a th e r than s e c r e t a r ie s as
sp a cin g . M a y ty p e rou tin e f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y in g d e ta ils to suit c irc u m s ta n c e s .
d e s c r ib e d a b o v e , to th is l e v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)




TY PIST— Continued

ORDER CLERK

C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : C op y ty p in g f r o m
rou gh o r c le a r d r a ft s ; o r rou tin e ty p in g o f f o r m s , in s u ra n ce p o lic ie s , e tc .;
o r s e ttin g up s im p le stan d a rd ta b u la tio n s ; o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s
a lr e a d y set up and s p a c ed p r o p e r ly .

R e c e iv e s w r itte n o r v e r b a l c u s t o m e r s ' p u rch a s e o r d e r s f o r m a t e r ia l
o r m e r c h a n d is e f r o m c u s to m e rs o r s a le s p e o p le . W o r k ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s
s o m e c o m b in a tio n o f th e fo llo w in g d u tie s : Q uoting p r ic e s ; d e te rm in in g a v a i l a ­
b ilit y o f o r d e r e d ite m s and s u g g e s tin g su b stitu tes w hen n e c e s s a r y ; a d v is in g
e x p e c te d d e liv e r y d ate and m eth od o f d e liv e r y ; r e c o r d in g o r d e r and c u s to m e r
in fo rm a tio n on o r d e r s h e e ts ; c h e c k in g o r d e r sh e e ts f o r a c c u r a c y and
ad equ acy o f in fo rm a tio n r e c o r d e d ; a s c e r ta in in g c r e d it ra tin g o f c u s to m e r;
fu rn is h in g c u s to m e r w ith a c k n o w le d g e m e n t o f r e c e ip t o f o r d e r ; fo llo w in g - u p
to s ee that o r d e r is d e liv e r e d by th e s p e c ifie d d ate o r to le t c u s to m e r know
o f a d e la y in d e liv e r y ; m a in ta in in g o r d e r f i l e ; c h eck in g ship p ing in v o ic e
a g a in s t o r ig in a l o r d e r .

F IL E

C LERK

F i l e s , c l a s s i f ie s , and r e t r ie v e s m a t e r ia l in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g
s y s te m .
M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and m anual ta s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in f ile s .
P o s itio n s a r e c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on th e b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A . C la s s ifie s and in d e x e s f i l e m a t e r ia l such as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , te c h n ic a l d oc u m e n ts , e tc ., in an e s ta b lis h e d f ilin g s y s te m
c on tain in g a n u m b er o f v a r ie d s u b je ct m a tte r f i l e s .
M a y a ls o f i l e th is
m a t e r ia l.
M a y k e ep r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p e s in con ju n ction w ith th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a ll g ro u p o f lo w e r l e v e l f i l e c le r k s .

E x c lu d e w o r k e r s p aid on a c o m m is s io n b a s is o r w h ose d u ties in clu d e
any o f th e fo llo w in g : R e c e iv in g o r d e r s f o r s e r v ic e s r a th e r than f o r m a t e r ia l
o r m e r c h a n d is e ; p r o v id in g c u s to m e rs w ith c o n s u lta tiv e a d v ic e using k n o w led g e
g a in e d f r o m e n g in e e rin g o r e x te n s iv e te c h n ic a l tr a in in g ; e m p h a s izin g s e llin g
s k ills ; h andling m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e as an in t e g r a l p a rt o f th e jo b .

C la s s B . S o rts , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l by s im p le
(s u b je c t m a tte r ) h ead in gs o r p a r tly c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l by fin e r su b h ead in gs.
P rep a res
s im p le r e la te d in d ex and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s .
A s r e q u e s te d ,
lo c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n tifie d m a t e r ia l in f i l e s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l.
M ay
p e rfo r m
r e la te d c l e r i c a l ta s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v ic e f ile s .

P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s :

c la s s ifie d

into

le v e ls

a c c o r d in g

to

th e

fo llo w in g

C la s s A . H an d les o r d e r s that in v o lv e m ak in g ju d gm en ts such as
c h o o s in g w h ich s p e c ific p ro d u ct o r m a t e r ia l f r o m the e s ta b lis h m e n t's p rod u ct
lin e s w i l l s a tis fy th e c u s to m e r 's n e e d s , o r d e te rm in in g the p r ic e to be quoted
w hen p r ic in g in v o lv e s m o r e than m e r e l y r e f e r r i n g to a p r ic e l is t o r m aking
som e s im p le m a th e m a tic a l c a lc u la tio n s .

C la s s C . P e r f o r m s rou tin e f ilin g o f m a t e r ia l that has a lr e a d y b een
c l a s s i fi e d o r w h ich is e a s ily c la s s ifie d in a s im p le s e r ia l c la s s ific a t io n
s y s te m ( e . g . , a lp h a b e tic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r n u m e r ic a l).
A s re q u e s te d ,
lo c a t e s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a t e r ia l in f i l e s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l; and m a y
f i l l out w ith d ra w a l c h a r g e .
M a y p e r f o r m s im p le c le r i c a l and m anu al task s
r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v ic e f ile s .

C la s s B . H a n d les o r d e r s in v o lv in g ite m s w h ich h ave r e a d ily id e n ­
t if ie d u ses and a p p lic a tio n s .
M a y r e f e r to a c a ta lo g , m a n u fa c tu re r 's m anual,
o r s im ila r d ocu m ent to in s u re that p r o p e r ite m is su pplied o r to v e r i f y
p r ic e o f o r d e r e d ite m .

M ESSENGER
P e r f o r m s v a r io u s rou tin e du ties such as running e r r a n d s , o p e r a tin g
m in o r o f f ic e m a c h in e s such as s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , op en in g and d is trib u tin g
m a il, and o th e r m in o r c le r i c a l w o rk . E x c lu d e p o s itio n s that r e q u ir e o p e r a tio n
o f a m o to r v e h ic le as a s ig n ific a n t duty.

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K
P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e accou n tin g c l e r i c a l ta s k s such as p o s tin g to
r e g is t e r s and le d g e r s ; r e c o n c ilin g bank accou n ts; v e r ify in g the in te r n a l c o n ­
s is te n c y , c o m p le te n e s s , and m a th e m a tic a l a c c u r a c y o f accoun ting d ocu m en ts;
a s s ig n in g p r e s c r ib e d accou n tin g d is trib u tio n c o d e s ; exa m in in g and v e r ify in g
fo r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a lc u la tio n s , p o s tin g ,
e tc .; o r p r e p a r in g s im p le o r a s s is tin g in p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p lic a te d jo u rn a l
vou ch ers.
M a y w o r k in e ith e r a m anual o r au tom ated accou n tin g s y s te m .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p e r a te s a te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le u sed w ith a p r iv a t e
b ra n ch exch a n ge (P B X ) s y s te m to r e la y in c o m in g , ou tgo in g , and in tr a s y s te m
c a lls .
M a y p r o v id e in fo rm a tio n to c a lle r s , r e c o r d and tr a n s m it m e s s a g e s ,
k e ep r e c o r d o f c a lls p la c e d and t o ll c h a r g e s .
B e s id e s o p e r a tin g a te le p h o n e
s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le , m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r f o r m rou tin e c le r i c a l w o rk
(ty p in g o r rou tin e c l e r i c a l w o rk m a y occu p y the m a jo r p o rtio n o f th e w o r k e r 's
t im e , and is u s u a lly p e r fo r m e d w h ile at th e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le ).
C h ie f
o r le a d o p e r a t o r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one o p e r a to r a r e
ex c lu d e d .
F o r an o p e r a to r who a lso a cts as a r e c e p tio n is t, s e e S w itch b oa rd
O p e r a to r - R e c e p tio n is t.

a re

T h e w o r k r e q u ir e s a k n o w le d g e o f c l e r i c a l m eth od s and o f f i c e p r a c ­
t ic e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h ich r e la t e s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s in g and r e c o r d in g
o f tr a n s a c tio n s and a ccou n tin g in fo rm a tio n .
W ith e x p e r ie n c e , th e w o r k e r
t y p ic a lly b e c o m e s f a m ilia r w ith th e b o o k k eep in g and accou n ting t e r m s and
p ro c e d u r e s u sed in th e a s s ig n e d w o r k , but is not r e q u ir e d to have a k n o w le d g e
o f the fo r m a l p r in c ip le s o f b oo k k eep in g and accou n tin g.

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T
At a
an o p e r a t o r —
w o rk in v o lv e s
b u sin ess and
p r ia t e p e rs o n
a r ra n g in g an

P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s :

s in g le - p o s itio n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le , acts both as
s e e S w itch b oard O p e r a t o r — and as a r e c e p tio n is t. R e c e p tio n is t's
such d u ties as g r e e tin g v is it o r s ; d e te rm in in g n a tu re o f v i s i t o r 's
p r o v id in g a p p ro p ria te in fo rm a tio n ; r e f e r r in g v is it o r to a p p r o ­
in th e o r g a n iz a tio n o r c on ta ctin g that p e rs o n by te le p h o n e and
ap p oin tm en t; k e e p in g a lo g o f v is it o r s .




are

c la s s ifie d

into

l e v e ls on th e b a s is o f the

fo llo w in g

C la s s A . U n d er g e n e r a l s u p e rv is io n , p e r fo r m s accoun ting c l e r i c a l
o p e r a tio n s w h ich r e q u ir e th e a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d gm en t, fo r
e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s in g c o m p lic a te d o r n o n r e p e titiv e accou n tin g t r a n s ­
a c tio n s , s e le c tin g am on g a s u b stan tial v a r ie t y o f p r e s c r ib e d accou n tin g c od es

33

ACCOUNTING CL&RK— Continued

P A Y R O L L CLERK— Continued

and c la s s ific a t io n s , o r tr a c in g tr a n s a c tio n s th ro u g h p r e v io u s a ccou n tin g
a c tio n s to d e te r m in e s o u r c e o f d is c r e p a n c ie s .
M a y be a s s is te d b y on e o r
m o r e c la s s B accou n tin g c le r k s .

lis tin g s a g a in s t s o u r c e r e c o r d s ; tr a c in g and c o r r e c t in g e r r o r s in lis t in g s ;
and a s s is tin g in p r e p a r a tio n o f p e r io d ic s u m m a ry p a y r o ll r e p o r t s .
In a n o n au tom ated p a y r o ll s y s te m , com p u tes w a g e s .
W o r k m a y r e q u ir e a p r a c t ic a l
k n o w le d g e o f g o v e r n m e n t a l r e g u la t io n s , com p a n y p a y r o ll p o lic y , o r th e
c o m p u te r s y s te m f o r p r o c e s s in g p a y r o lls .

C la s s B . U n d er c lo s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s
and s ta n d a rd ize d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e ro u tin e a ccou n tin g c l e r ­
i c a l o p e r a tio n s , such as p o s tin g to le d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e ts w h e r e
id e n tific a tio n o f ite m s and lo c a tio n s o f p o s tin g s a r e c l e a r l y in d ic a te d ; c h eck in g
a c c u r a c y and c o m p le te n e s s o f s ta n d a rd iz e d a n d
r e p e t it iv e r e c o r d s o r
a c cou n tin g d oc u m e n ts ; and cod in g d ocu m en ts u s i n g
a fe w p r e s c r ib e d
a c cou n tin g c o d e s .
B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (w ith o r w ith ou t a t y p e w r it e r k e y ­
b o a rd ) to k e ep a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s tr a n s a c tio n s .
C la s s A . K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n o w le d g e o f and
e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic b o o k k e e p in g p r in c ip le s , and f a m ilia r it y w ith th e s tru c tu re
o f th e p a r tic u la r a ccou n tin g s y s te m u sed .
D e te r m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d is trib u tio n o f d e b it and c r e d it ite m s to be u sed in each p h ase o f th e w o rk .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b a la n ce s h e e ts , and o th e r r e c o r d s by hand.
C la s s B.
K e e p s a r e c o r d o f on e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c tio n s o f a
s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly r e q u ir in g l i t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s ic b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s
o r s e c tio n s in clu d e accou n ts p a y a b le , p a y r o ll, c u s to m e r s ' accoun ts (not
in clu d in g a s im p le ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d u n der m a ch in e b i l l e r ) , c o s t d i s ­
tr ib u tio n , e x p e n s e d is tr ib u tio n , in v e n to r y c o n tr o l, e tc .
M a y c h e c k o r a s s is t
in p r e p a r a tio n o f t r i a l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n tr o l s h e e ts f o r th e accou n tin g
d e p a rtm e n t.
M A C H IN E B IL L E R
P r e p a r e s s ta te m e n ts , b ills , and in v o ic e s on a m a c h in e o th e r than an
o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a t ic t y p e w r it e r .
M a y a ls o k e e p r e c o r d s as to b illin g s
o r shipping c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l w o r k in c id e n ta l to b illin g
o p e r a tio n s .
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e b i l l e r s a r e c la s s ifie d b y ty p e
o f m a c h in e , as fo llo w s :
B illin g - m a c h in e b i l l e r . U s e s a s p e c ia l b illin g m a c h in e (c o m b in a tio n
ty p in g and adding m a c h in e ) to p r e p a r e b ills and in v o ic e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s '
p u rch a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , sh ip p in g m e m o r a n d a , e tc .
U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a tio n o f p r e d e te r m in e d d isco u n ts and ship p ing c h a r g e s
and e n try o f n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y not be com p u ted on
th e b illin g m a c h in e , and to ta ls w h ich a r e a u tp m a tic a lly ac c u m u la te d by
m a c h in e .
T h e o p e r a tio n u s u a lly in v o lv e s a la r g e n u m b er o f c a rb o n c o p ie s
o f the b i l l b ein g p r e p a r e d and is o fte n done on a fa n fo ld m a c h in e .
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e b i l l e r . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (w ith o r
w ith out a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a rd ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b ills as p a r t o f the
a ccou n ts r e c e iv a b le o p e r a tio n .
G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s th e s im u ltan eo u s e n try o f
fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u to m a tic a lly a c c u m u la te s
fig u r e s on a n u m b er o f v e r t ic a l colu m n s and com p u tes and u s u a lly p rin ts a u to ­
m a t ic a lly th e d eb it o r c r e d it b a la n c e s .
D oes not in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k ­
k e ep in g .
W o rk s f r o m u n ifo r m and stan d a rd ty p e s o f s a le s and c r e d it s lip s .
P A Y R O L L CLERK
P e r f o r m s th e c l e r i c a l ta s k s n e c e s s a r y to p r o c e s s p a y r o lls and to
m ain ta in p a y r o ll r e c o r d s .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P r o c e s s in g
w o r k e r s ' tim e o r p ro d u c tio n r e c o r d s ;, ad ju stin g w o r k e r s ' r e c o r d s fo r chan ges
in w a g e r a te s , s u p p le m e n ta ry b e n e fits , o r ta x d ed u ction s; e d itin g p a y r o ll




KEYPUNCH O PERATO R
O p e ra te s a keypunch m a c h in e to r e c o r d o r v e r i f y alp h a b etic an d/or
n u m e r ic data on ta b u la tin g c a r d s o r on ta p e .
P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s :

a r e c la s s ifie d

into

le v e l s on th e

b a s is o f the

fo llo w in g

C la s s A . W o r k r e q u ir e s th e a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d gm en t
in s e le c tin g p r o c e d u r e s to be fo llo w e d and in s e a rc h in g f o r , in t e r p r e tin g ,
s e le c tin g , o r cod in g ite m s to be k eypun ch ed f r o m a v a r ie t y o f s o u r c e d o c u ­
m en ts .
On o c c a s io n m a y a ls o p e r f o r m s o m e ro u tin e keypunch w o rk .
M ay
t r a in in e x p e r ie n c e d keypunch o p e r a to r s .
C la s s B . W o r k is ro u tin e and r e p e t it iv e .
U n d er c lo s e s u p e rv is io n
o r fo llo w in g s p e c ific p r o c e d u r e s o r in s tr u c tio n s , w o rk s f r o m v a r io u s s ta n ­
d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d ocu m en ts w h ich h a ve b een c o d e d , and fo llo w s s p e c ifie d
p r o c e d u r e s w h ich h a ve b een p r e s c r ib e d in d e ta il and r e q u ir e l it t le o r no
s e le c t in g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e tin g o f data to b e r e c o r d e d . R e fe r s to s u p e r v is o r
p r o b le m s a r is in g f r o m e rr o n e o u s ite m s o r c o d e s o r m is s in g in fo rm a tio n .
T A B U L A T IN G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a te s one o r a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s such as th e ta b u la to r, c a lc u ­
la t o r , c o lla t o r , in t e r p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g punch, e tc .
E xclu d ed f r o m
th is d e fin itio n a r e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s .
A ls o e x c lu d e d a r e o p e r a to r s o f
e le c t r o n ic d ig it a l c o m p u te r s , e v en though th e y m a y a ls o o p e r a te e le c t r ic
accou n tin g m a c h in e equ ip m en t.
P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s :

a r e c la s s ifie d

into

le v e l s

on th e

b a s is o f the

fo llo w in g

C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s c o m p le te r e p o r tin g and ta b u la tin g a s s ig n m e n ts
in clu d in g d e v is in g d iffic u lt c o n tr o l p a n e l w ir in g u n der g e n e r a l s u p e rv is io n .
A s s ig n m e n ts t y p ic a lly in v o lv e a v a r ie t y o f lo n g and c o m p le x r e p o r ts w h ich
o fte n a r e ir r e g u la r o r n o n r e c u r r in g , r e q u ir in g s o m e planning o f th e n a tu re
and seq u en cin g o f o p e r a tio n s , and th e u se o f a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s .
Is
t y p ic a lly in v o lv e d in tr a in in g n ew o p e r a t o r s in m a ch in e o p e ra tio n s o r tr a in in g
lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a to r s in w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s and in the o p e r a tin g s equ en ces
o f lon g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D oes not in clu d e p o s itio n s in w h ich w ir in g
r e s p o n s ib ilit y is lim it e d to s e le c tio n and in s e r tio n o f p r e w ir e d b o a rd s .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d in g to e s ta b lis h e d p ro c e d u r e s and
u n der s p e c ific in s tr u c tio n s .
A s s ig n m e n ts t y p ic a lly in v o lv e c o m p le te but r o u ­
tin e and r e c u r r in g r e p o r t s o r p a r ts o f l a r g e r and m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r ts .
O p e ra te s m o r e d iffic u lt ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l accou n tin g m a ch in es such as
th e ta b u la to r and c a lc u la to r , in a d d ition to the s im p le r m a c h in e s u sed b y
c la s s C o p e r a t o r s .
M a y be r e q u ir e d to do s o m e w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s .
C la s s C . U n d er s p e c ific in s tr u c tio n s , o p e r a te s s im p le ta b u la tin g
o r e le c t r ic a l a ccou n tin g m a c h in e s such as th e s o r t e r , in t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c in g
punch, c o lla t o r , e tc .
A s s ig n m e n ts t y p ic a lly in v o lv e p o rtio n s o f a w o r k u n it,
fo r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r tin g o r c o lla t in g ru n s, o r r e p e t it iv e o p e r a tio n s .
M ay p e rfo r m
s im p le w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s , and do s o m e filin g w o rk .

Professional and Technical
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U SIN E SS

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U SIN E S S— C ontinued

A n a ly z e s b u sin ess p r o b le m s to fo r m u la te p ro c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g
th em by use o f e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g equ ip m en t.
D e v e lo p s a c o m p le te
d e s c r ip tio n o f a l l s p e c ific a tio n s n eed ed to en ab le p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u ir e d d ig it a l c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g ;
A n a ly z e s s u b je c t - m a t te r o p e r a tio n s to be au tom ated and id e n tifie s c on d ition s
and c r i t e r i a r e q u ir e d to a c h ie v e s a tis fa c to r y r e s u lt s ; s p e c ifie s n u m b er and
ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d ocu m en ts to be used ; ou tlin e s a c tio n s to be
p e r fo r m e d by p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u te rs in s u ffic ie n t d e ta il f o r p re s e n ta tio n
to m a n a g e m e n t and fo r p r o g r a m m in g (t y p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p r e p a r a tio n o f
w o rk and data flo w c h a r ts ); c o o rd in a te s th e d e v e lo p m e n t o f te s t p r o b le m s and
p a r tic ip a te s in t r i a l runs o f n ew and r e v is e d s y s te m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s e q u ip ­
m en t c h an ges to ob tain m o r e e f fe c t iv e o v e r a l l o p e r a tio n s .
(N O T E :
W o rk ers
p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g should be c la s s ifie d as
s y s te m s a n a ly s ts i f th is is the s k ill u sed to d e te r m in e th e ir p a y .)

C la s s C .
W o rk s under im m e d ia te s u p e rv is io n , c a r r y in g out a n a ly ­
s e s as a s s ig n e d , u s u a lly o f a s in g le a c t iv it y .
A s s ig n m e n ts a re d e s ig n e d to
d e v e lo p and expan d p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e in the a p p lic a tio n o f p ro c e d u r e s and
s k ills r e q u ir e d f o r s y s te m s a n a ly s is w o rk .
F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s is t a h ig h e r
l e v e l s y s te m s a n a ly s t b y p r e p a r in g th e d e ta ile d s p e c ific a tio n s r e q u ir e d by
p r o g r a m m e r s fr o m
in fo rm a tio n d e v e lo p e d by the h ig h e r l e v e l a n a ly s t.

D oes not in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le f o r the m a n a g e ­
m en t o r s u p e rv is io n o f o th e r e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r s y s ­
te m s a n a ly s ts p r i m a r i l y c o n c e rn e d w ith s c ie n tific o r e n g in e e rin g p r o b le m s .
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , s y s te m s a n a lys ts a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :
C la s s A . W o rk s in d ep en d en tly o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s in v o lv in g a ll p h ases o f s y s te m a n a ly s is .
P r o b le m s a r e
c o m p le x b e ca u s e o f d iv e r s e s o u r c e s o f input data and m u ltip le -u s e r e q u ir e ­
m en ts o f output d ata.
( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in te g r a te d p ro d u c tio n s c h e d ­
u lin g , in v e n t o r y c o n tr o l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in w h ich
e v e r y ite m o f each ty p e is a u to m a tic a lly p r o c e s s e d th rou gh the fu ll s y s te m
o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r ia te fo llo w u p a ctio n s a r e in itia te d by the c o m p u te r.)
C o n fe r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e te rm in e the data p r o c e s s in g p ro b le m s
and a d v is e s s u b je c t - m a t te r p e rs o n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s o f n ew o r r e v is e d
s y s te m s o f d ata p r o c e s s in g o p e r a tio n s .
M ak es re c o m m e n d a tio n s , i f n e e d e d ,
fo r a p p ro v a l o f m a jo r s y s te m s in s ta lla tio n s o r ch an ges and f o r ob ta in in g
equ ip m en t.

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B U SIN E S S
C o n v e r ts s ta te m e n ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b le m s , t y p ic a lly p re p a r e d b y a
s y s te m s a n a ly s t, in to a sequ en ce o f d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s w h ich a r e r e q u ir e d
to s o lv e the p r o b le m s by au tom a tic data p r o c e s s in g equ ip m en t.
W o rk in g fr o m
c h a r ts o r d ia g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s the p r e c is e in s tru c tio n s w h ich ,
w h en e n te r e d in to the c o m p u te r s y s te m in co d e d lan gu a ge, cau se th e m an ip u ­
la tio n o f data to a c h ie v e d e s ir e d r e s u lt s . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
A p p lie s k n o w le d g e o f c o m p u te r c a p a b ilitie s , m a th e m a tic s , lo g ic e m p lo y e d by
c o m p u te rs , and p a r tic u la r s u b je ct m a tte r in v o lv e d to a n a lyze c h a rts and
d ia g ra m s o f the p r o b le m to be p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s sequ en ce o f p r o g r a m
s te p s ; w r it e s d e ta ile d flo w c h a r ts to show o r d e r in w h ich d ata w i l l be
p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r ts th es e c h a r ts to cod ed in s tru c tio n s fo r m ach in e to fo llo w ;
te s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s tr u c tio n s f o r o p e ra tin g p e rs o n n e l
d u rin g p ro d u c tio n run; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lt e r s p r o g r a m s to in c r e a s e
o p e r a tin g e f fic ie n c y o r adapt to n ew r e q u ir e m e n ts ; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t and r e v is io n s .
(N O T E :
W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g both
s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g should be c la s s ifie d as s y s te m s a n a lys ts
If th is is th e s k ill u sed to d e te r m in e th e ir pay.)
D oes not in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s ib le fo r the m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e rv is io n o f o th e r e le c t r o n ic d ata p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o ­
g r a m m e r s p r im a r ily c o n c e rn e d w ith s c ie n tific an d/or e n g in e e rin g p ro b le m s .
For

M a y p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l d ir e c tio n
who a r e a s s ig n e d to a s s is t.

to

lo w e r

C la s s B .
W o rk s in d e p en d en tly o r under o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
p r o b le m s that a r e r e l a t iv e ly u n co m p lic a te d to a n a ly z e , plan, p r o g r a m , and
o p e r a te .
P r o b le m s a r e o f lim it e d c o m p le x ity b e ca u s e s o u rc e s o f input data
a r e h o m o gen eo u s and the output data a r e c lo s e ly r e la te d .
(F o r e x a m p le ,
d e v e lo p s s y s te m s f o r m a in ta in in g d e p o s ito r accou n ts in a bank, m a in ta in in g
accou n ts r e c e iv a b le in a r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n t, o r m a in ta in in g in v e n to r y
accou n ts in a m a n u fa c tu rin g o r w h o le s a le e s ta b lis h m e n t.)
C o n fe r s w ith p e r ­
sons c o n c e r n e d to d e te rm in e th e data p r o c e s s in g p ro b le m s and a d v is e s
s u b je c t - m a t te r p e rs o n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s o f th e data p r o c e s s in g S ystem s
to be a p p lie d .
OR
W o rk s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s in g sch em e o r s y s te m ,
as d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A .
W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly on rou tin e a s s ig n m e n ts and
r e c e i v e s in s tr u c tio n and gu id an ce on c o m p le x a s s ig n m e n ts .
W o rk is r e v ie w e d
f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t, c o m p lia n c e w ith in s tr u c tio n s , and to in s u re p r o p e r
alig n m e n t w ith the o v e r a ll s y s te m .




w age

study p u r p o s e s ,

p r o g r a m m e r s a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

l e v e l s y s te m s a n a lys ts
C la s s A . W o rk s in d ep en d en tly o r u n der o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s w h ich r e q u ir e c o m p e te n c e in a l l p h ases o f p r o g r a m m in g
c o n c e p ts and p r a c t ic e s .
W o rk in g fr o m d ia g r a m s and c h a r ts w h ich id e n tify
th e n a tu re o f d e s ir e d r e s u lt s , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g step s to be a c c o m p lis h e d ,
and the r e la tio n s h ip s b e tw e e n v a r io u s step s o f the p r o b le m s o lv in g rou tin e;
p lan s th e fu ll ra n g e o f p r o g r a m m in g a c tio n s n e e d e d to e ffic ie n t ly u tiliz e the
c o m p u te r s y s te m in a c h ie v in g d e s ir e d end p ro d u c ts .
A t th is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m in g is d iffic u lt b e ca u s e co m p u te r equ ip m en t
m u st be o r g a n iz e d to p ro d u c e s e v e r a l in t e r r e la t e d but d iv e r s e p ro d u cts fr o m
n u m erou s and d iv e r s e d ata e le m e n ts .
A w id e v a r ie t y and e x te n s iv e n u m b er
o f in t e r n a l p r o c e s s in g a c tio n s m u st o c c u r .
T h is r e q u ir e s such a ctio n s as
d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a tio n s w h ich can be re u s e d , e s ta b lis h m e n t o f
lin k a g e p oin ts b e tw e e n o p e r a tio n s , a d ju stm en ts to data w hen p r o g r a m r e q u ir e ­
m en ts e x c e e d c o m p u te r s to r a g e c a p a c ity , and s u b stan tial m an ip u lation and
r e s equ en cin g o f data e le m e n ts to fo r m a h ig h ly in te g r a te d p r o g r a m .
M a y p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l d ir e c tio n to lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s who a r e
a s s ig n e d to a s s is t.

COMPUTER PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS— Continued

COMPUTER OPERATOR— Continued

C la s s B . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r under o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
r e l a t i v e l y s im p le p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le s e g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n ts ) u s u a lly p r o c e s s in fo r m a tio n to p ro d u ce data in tw o
o r th re e v a r ie d se q u e n c e s o r fo r m a ts .
R e p o rts and lis tin g s a r e p ro d u c ed by
r e fin in g , ad ap tin g, a r r a y in g , o r m a k in g m in o r a d d ition s to o r d e le tio n s f r o m
input data w h ich a r e r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m erou s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the data h ave b een r e fin e d in p r io r a c tio n s so that the a c c u r a c y
and s equ en cin g o f data can be te s te d by u sing a fe w rou tin e c h e c k s . T y p ic a lly ,
the p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith rou tin e r e c o r d k e e p in g o p e r a tio n s .

m a jo r chan ge o r cannot be c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b ly sh o rt t im e .
In
c o m m o n e r r o r s itu a tio n s , d ia g n o s e s cau se and ta k e s c o r r e c t i v e ac tio n .
T h is
u s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lyin g p r e v io u s ly p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e step s, o r u sing
stan d a rd c o r r e c t io n te c h n iq u e s .

OR
W o rk s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A ) under c lo s e
d ir e c t io n o f a h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s is t h ig h e r
l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r b y in d e p e n d e n tly p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d ,
and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt ta s k s under f a i r l y c lo s e d ir e c tio n .
M a y guide o r in s tr u c t lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s C .
M a k e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t ic e s
and co n ce p ts u s u a lly le a r n e d in f o r m a l tr a in in g c o u r s e s .
A s s ig n m e n ts a r e
d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e te n c e in the a p p lic a tio n o f stan dard p ro c e d u r e s to
rou tin e p r o b le m s . R e c e iv e s c lo s e s u p e rv is io n on n ew a s p e c ts o f a s s ig n m e n ts ;
and w o rk is r e v ie w e d to v e r i f y its a c c u r a c y and c o n fo rm a n c e w ith r e q u ir e d
p ro ced u res.

CO M PUTER O PERATO R
M o n ito r s and o p e r a te s the c o n tr o l c o n s o le o f a d ig it a l c o m p u te r to
p r o c e s s data a c c o r d in g to o p e r a tin g in s tr u c tio n s , u s u a lly p re p a r e d by a p r o ­
g ra m m er.
W o rk in clu d es m o s t o f the f o llo w in g ; Studies in s tru c tio n s to
d e te r m in e e q u ip m en t setup and o p e r a tio n s ; loa d s equ ip m en t w ith r e q u ir e d
ite m s (tap e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c .); s w itc h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia r y equ ip m en t in to
c ir c u it , and s ta r ts and o p e r a te s c o m p u te r; m a k es ad ju stm en ts to c o m p u te r to
c o r r e c t o p e ra tin g p r o b le m s and m e e t s p e c ia l co n d itio n s ; r e v ie w s e r r o r s m ad e
d u rin g o p e ra tio n and d e te r m in e s cau se o r r e f e r s p ro b le m to s u p e r v is o r o r
p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a in ta in s o p e r a tin g r e c o r d s .
M a y te s t and a s s is t in
c o r r e c t in g p r o g r a m .
For

w age

study

p u rposes,

c o m p u te r

o p e r a to r s

a re

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :
C la s s A .
O p e ra te s in d ep en d en tly , o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n ,
a c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s :
N e w p r o g r a m s a r e fr e q u e n tly te s te d and in tro d u ce d ; sch ed u lin g r e q u ire m e n ts
a r e o f c r i t i c a l im p o rta n c e to m in im iz e d ow n tim e; the p r o g r a m s , a r e o f
c o m p le x d e s ig n so that id e n tific a tio n o f e r r o r s o u rc e o fte n r e q u ir e s a w o rk in g
k n o w le d g e o f the to t a l p r o g r a m , and a lte r n a te p r o g r a m s m a y not be a v a ila b le .
M a y g iv e d ir e c tio n and gu id an ce to lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a to r s .
C la s s B . O p e ra te s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r under o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n ,
a co m p u te r running p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s :
M o s t o f the p r o g r a m s a r e e s ta b lis h e d p ro d u c tio n ru n s, ty p ic a lly run on a
r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; th e r e is lit t le o r no te s tin g o f n ew p r o g r a m s
r e q u ire d ; a lte r n a te p r o g r a m s a r e p ro v id e d in c a s e o r ig in a l p r o g r a m n eed s




OR
O p e ra te s u n der d ir e c t s u p e rv is io n a c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s o r
s e g m e n ts o f p r o g r a m s w ith the c h a r a c t e r is t ic s d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A .
M ay
a s s is t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a to r by in d ep en d en tly p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta s k s
a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt ta s k s fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s and
w ith fre q u e n t r e v ie w o f o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d .

e x p e c te d
a b ilit y to
r e c e iv e d
o p e r a to r

C la s s C .
W o rk s on ro u tin e p r o g r a m s under c lo s e s u p e rv is io n .
Is
to d e v e lo p w o rk in g k n o w le d g e o f th e c o m p u te r equipm en t used and
d e te c t p r o b le m s in v o lv e d in running rou tin e p r o g r a m s .
U s u a lly has
som e f o r m a l tr a in in g in c o m p u te r o p e r a tio n . M a y a s s is t h ig h e r l e v e l
on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .

D RAFTER
C la s s A . P la n s th e g ra p h ic p re s e n ta tio n o f c o m p le x ite m s h a vin g
d is tin c tiv e d e s ig n fe a tu r e s th at d i f f e r s ig n ific a n tly f r o m e s ta b lis h e d d ra ftin g
p r e c e d e n ts .
W o rk s in c lo s e su p p ort w ith the d e s ig n o r ig in a to r , and m a y
re c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s .
A n a ly z e s the e ffe c t o f each change on the
d e ta ils o f fo r m , fu n ctio n , and p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s o f com ponents and p a r ts .
W o rk s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is ta n c e .
C o m p le te d w o rk is
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r f o r c o n s is te n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e rin g d e t e r ­
m in a tio n s .
M a y e ith e r p r e p a r e d ra w in g s o r d ir e c t th e ir p re p a r a tio n by lo w e r
l e v e l d r a ft e r s .

C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s n on rou tin e and c o m p le x d ra ftin g ass ign m e n ts
that r e q u ir e the a p p lic a tio n o f m o s t o f the s ta n d a rd ize d d ra w in g tech n iqu es
r e g u la r ly used .
D u ties t y p ic a lly in v o lv e such w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w o rk in g
d ra w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p es, m u ltip le fu n ctio n s, and
p r e c is e p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s b e tw e e n c om p on en ts; p r e p a r e s a r c h ite c tu r a l
d ra w in g s f o r c o n s tru c tio n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a il d ra w in g s o f fou n ­
d a tio n s , w a ll s e c tio n s , f lo o r p la n s, and r o o f.
U s e s a c c e p te d fo r m u la s and
m anu als in m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y com p u ta tio n s to d e te rm in e q u a n tities o f
m a t e r ia ls to be u sed , loa d c a p a c itie s , s tr e n g th s , s t r e s s e s , e tc .
R e c e iv e s
in it ia l in s tr u c tio n s , r e q u ir e m e n ts , and a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le te d
w o r k is ch eck ed f o r te c h n ic a l ad equ acy.

C la s s C .
P r e p a r e s d e ta il d ra w in g s o f s in g le units o r p a r ts fo r
e n g in e e rin g , c o n s tru c tio n , m a n u fa c tu rin g * o r r e p a ir p u rp o s es .
Types o f
d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e is o m e t r ic p r o je c t io n s (d e p ic tin g th re e d im e n sio n s
in a c c u r a te s c a le ) and s e c tio n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s itio n in g o f com p on en ts
and c o n v e y n eed ed in fo r m a tio n .
C o n s o lid a te s d e ta ils fr o m a nu m ber o f
s o u r c e s and ad ju sts o r tr a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ir e d .
S u ggested m eth od s o f
ap p ro a c h , a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n ts , and a d v ic e on s o u rc e m a te r ia ls a r e g iv e n
w ith in it ia l a s s ig n m e n ts .
In s tru c tio n s a r e le s s c o m p le te when a s s ig n m e n ts
recu r.
W o rk m a y be s p o t-c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

D RA FTE R -TR AC E R

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN— Continued

C o p ie s
c lo th o r p a p e r
in clu d e t r a c in g
la r g e s c a le not

W o rk m a y be r e v ie w e d b y s u p e r v is o r (fr e q u e n tly an e n g in e e r o r
d e s ig n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d p r a c t ic e s .
M a y p r o v id e
te c h n ic a l gu id an ce to lo w e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s .

p lan s and d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o th e rs by p la c in g t r a c in g
o v e r d ra w in g s and tr a c in g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
(D o e s not
lim ite d to plan s p r im a r ily c o n s is tin g o f s tr a ig h t lin e s and a
r e q u ir in g c lo s e d e lin e a tio n .)
AND /O R

P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e t it iv e d ra w in g s o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d it e m s .
W o rk is c l o s e l y s u p e rv is e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .
E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N
W o rk s on v a r io u s ty p e s o f e le c t r o n ic eq u ip m en t and r e la te d d e v ic e s
b y p e r fo r m in g one o r a c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g :
In s ta llin g , m a in ta in in g ,
r e p a ir in g , o v e r h a u lin g , tr o u b le s h o o tin g , m o d ify in g , c o n s tru c tin g , and te s tin g .
W o rk r e q u ir e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n o f te c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e o f e le c t r o n ic s
p r in c ip le s , a b ilit y to d e te rm in e m a lfu n c tio n s , and s k ill to put e qu ip m en t in
r e q u ir e d o p e r a tin g con d ition .
T h e equ ip m en t— c o n s is tin g o f e ith e r m an y d iffe r e n t kinds o f c ir c u it s
o r m u ltip le r e p e titio n o f the sam e kind o f c ir c u it — in c lu d e s , but is not lim ite d
to , th e fo llo w in g :
(a ) E le c t r o n ic tr a n s m ittin g and r e c e iv in g e qu ip m en t (e . g . ,
r a d a r , r a d io , t e le v is io n , te le p h o n e , s o n a r, n a v ig a tio n a l a id s ), (b ) d ig it a l and
a n a lo g c o m p u te rs , and (c ) in d u s tr ia l and m e d ic a l m ea s u rin g and c o n tro llin g
eq u ip m en t.
T h is c la s s ific a t io n e x c lu d e s r e p a ir e r s o f such stan dard e le c t r o n ic
e q u ip m en t as com m o n o ffic e m a c h in e s and hou seh old r a d io and te le v is io n
s e ts ; p ro d u c tio n a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y duty is
s e r v ic in g e le c t r o n ic te s t in s tru m e n ts ; te c h n ic ia n s who have a d m in is tr a tiv e
o r s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y ; and d r a ft e r s , d e s ig n e r s , and p r o fe s s io n a l
e n g in e e r s .
P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s .

are

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e ls

on th e

b a s is o f the fo llo w in g

C la s s A .
A p p lie s ad van ced te c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e u n usually
c o m p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e . , th ose that ty p ic a lly cannot be s o lv e d s o le ly by r e f e r ­
en ce to m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m anuals o r s im ila r d o c u m e n ts ) in w o rk in g on e l e c ­
tr o n ic e q u ip m en t.
E x a m p le s o f such p r o b le m s in clu d e lo c a tio n and d e n s ity o f
c i r c u i t r y , e le c t r o m a g n e tic ra d ia tio n , is o la t in g m a lfu n c tio n s , and fre q u e n t
e n g in e e r in g c h a n ge s .
W o rk in v o lv e s :
A d e ta ile d u n derstan d in g o f the in t e r ­
r e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s ; e x e r c is in g indep en d en t ju d g m e n t in p e r fo r m in g such
ta s k s as m a k in g c ir c u it a n a ly s e s , c a lc u la tin g w a v e fo r m s , t r a c in g r e la t io n ­
ship s in s ig n a l flo w ; and r e g u la r ly u sing c o m p le x te s t in s tru m e n ts (e . g . , dual
t r a c e o s c illo s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia tio n m e t e r s , p u lse g e n e r a t o r s ).

C la s s B . A p p lie s c o m p r e h e n s iv e te c h n ic a l k n o w led g e to s o lv e c o m ­
p le x p r o b le m s [ i . e . , th o s e that t y p ic a lly can be s o lv e d s o le ly by p r o p e r ly
in t e r p r e tin g m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m an u a ls o r s im ila r d oc u m e n ts ) in w o rk in g on
e le c t r o n ic eq u ip m en t.
W o rk in v o lv e s :
A f a m i l ia r i t y w ith the in t e r r e la t io n ­
ship s o f c ir c u it s ; and ju d g m e n t in d e te rm in in g w o rk sequ en ce and in s e le c tin g
to o ls and te s tin g in s tr u m e n ts , u s u a lly le s s c o m p le x than th o s e u sed b y the
c la s s A te c h n icia n .
R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l g u id a n c e , as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l te c h n ic ia n , and w o rk is r e v ie w e d f o r s p e c ific c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d
p r a c t ic e s and w o rk a s s ig n m e n ts .
M a y p r o v id e te c h n ic a l guidance to lo w e r
l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s .
C la s s C . A p p lie s w o rk in g te c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to p e r fo r m s im p le o r
ro u tin e ta s k s in w o rk in g on e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m en t, fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tr u c ­
tio n s w h ich c o v e r v ir t u a lly a ll p r o c e d u r e s .
W o rk ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s such
ta s k s a s :
A s s is t in g h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s by p e r fo r m in g such a c t iv it ie s as
r e p la c in g com p o n e n ts , w ir in g c ir c u it s , and ta k in g te s t r e a d in g s ; r e p a ir in g
s im p le e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m en t; and u sin g to o ls and co m m o n te s t in s tru m e n ts
(e . g . , m u lt im e t e r s , audio s ig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tube t e s t e r s , o s c illo s c o p e s ).
Is not r e q u ir e d to be f a m ilia r w ith th e in t e r r e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s .
T h is
k n o w le d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y be a c q u ir e d th rou gh a s s ig n m e n ts d e s ig n e d to
in c r e a s e c o m p e te n c e (in c lu d in g c la s s r o o m tr a in in g ) so that w o r k e r can
ad van ce to h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n .
R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l gu id a n ce, as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l te c h n ic ia n .
W o rk is t y p ic a lly spot c h e c k ed , but is g iv e n d e ta ile d r e v ie w
w h en n e w o r ad van ced a s s ig n m e n ts a r e in v o lv e d .
R E G IS T E R E D IN D U S T R I A L N U R S E
A r e g is t e r e d n u rs e who g iv e s n u rs in g s e r v ic e under g e n e r a l m e d ic a l
d ir e c t io n to i l l o r in ju re d e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e rs o n s who b e c o m e i l l o r
s u ffe r an a c c id e n t on the p r e m is e s o f a fa c t o r y o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
D u ties in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t aid to the i l l o r
in ju re d ; atten d in g to subsequent d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k eep in g
r e c o r d s o f p a tie n ts tr e a te d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r ts f o r co m p en s a tio n o r
o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s is tin g in p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s and h ealth e v a lu a tio n s o f
a p p lic a n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and plan n in g and c a r r y in g out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g
h ealth ed u ca tion , a c c id e n t p re v e n tio n , e v a lu a tio n o f plant e n v iro n m e n t, o r
o th e r a c t iv it ie s a ffe c tin g the h ea lth , w e lf a r e , and s a fe ty o f a l l p e rs o n n e l.
N u rs in g s u p e r v is o r s o r head n u rs e s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than
one n u rs e a r e e x c lu d e d .

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant
M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R

M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R — C ontinued

P e r f o r m s the c a r p e n tr y d u ties n e c e s s a r y to c o n s tru c t and m a in ta in
in good r e p a ir b u ild in g w o o d w o rk and equ ip m en t such as b in s, c r ib s , c o u n te rs ,
b e n ch es, p a r titio n s , d o o r s , f lo o r s , s t a ir s , c a s in g s , and t r im m ad e o f w ood
in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P lan n in g and
la y in g out o f w o rk f r o m b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tr u c tio n s ;

u sin g a v a r ie t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d too ls , p o r ta b le p o w e r to o ls , and stan dard
m e a s u r in g in s tru m e n ts ; m a k in g stan d a rd shop com p u tatio n s r e la tin g to d im e n ­
sion s o f w o rk ; and s e le c tin g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y fo r the w o rk .
In g e n e r a l,
the w o rk o f the m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n te r r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r i­
en ce u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .




M AINTENANCE E LE C TR IC IA N

M AINTENANCE MECHANIC (Motor vehicle)

P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l tr a d e fu n ctio n s such as the in s t a l­
la tio n , m a in te n a n c e , o r r e p a ir o f e qu ip m en t f o r the g e n e ra tio n , d is trib u tio n ,
o r u tiliz a tio n o f e l e c t r ic e n e r g y in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e f o llo w in g ; In s ta llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m en t such as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w itc h b o a rd s , c o n t r o lle r s , c ir c u it
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n its, con du it s y s te m s , o r o th e r tr a n s m is s io n
equ ip m en t; w o rk in g fr o m b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s , la y o u ts , o r o th e r s p e c if i­
c a tio n s ; lo c a tin g and d ia g n o s in g tr o u b le in the e l e c t r i c a l s y s te m o r e q u ip ­
m en t; w o rk in g stan d a rd com p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to loa d r e q u ir e m e n ts o f w ir in g
o r e l e c t r i c a l eq u ip m en t; and u sin g a v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic ia n 's han d tools and
m e a s u rin g and te s tin g in s tr u m e n ts .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in ten a n ce
e le c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh
a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s, m o to r tr u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s ta b ­
lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g ; E x a m in in g a u to m o tiv e e q u ip ­
m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g e qu ip m en t and p e r fo r m in g
r e p a ir s that in v o lv e the use o f such h a n d tools as w r e n c h e s , g a u g es , d r i l l s ,
o r s p e c ia liz e d e q u ip m en t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a r ts ; r e p la c in g b ro k en
o r d e fe c t iv e p a r ts fr o m stock ; g rin d in g and a d ju stin g v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and
in s ta llin g th e v a r io u s a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le and m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t­
m e n ts ; and a lig n in g w h e e ls , a d ju stin g b r a k e s and lig h ts , o r tig h te n in g body
b o lts .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m o to r v e h ic le m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic
r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a f o r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E P A I N T E R
P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w o o d w o rk , and fix tu r e s o f an e s ta b ­
lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s the f o llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f s u rfa c e p e c u lia r it ie s
and ty p e s o f pain t r e q u ir e d f o r d iffe r e n t a p p lic a tio n s ; p r e p a r in g s u r fa c e fo r
p a in tin g by r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r by p la c in g putty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o les and
i n t e r s t ic e s ; and a p p ly in g paint w ith s p ra y gun o r b ru sh .
M a y m ix c o lo r s ,
o i l s , w h ite le a d , and o th e r p ain t in g r e d ie n ts to obtain p r o p e r c o lo r o r
c o n s is te n c y . In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in ten a n ce p a in te r r e q u ir e s roun ded
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E M A C H IN IS T
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r ts and n ew p a r ts in m a k in g r e p a ir s o f
m e t a l p a r ts o f m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m en t o p e r a te d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk
in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : In te r p r e tin g w r itte n in s tr u c tio n s and s p e c i­
fic a tio n s ; p lann ing and la y in g out o f w o rk ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in is t's
han d tools and p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in s tru m e n ts ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a tin g
stan dard m a c h in e t o o ls ; shapin g o f m e t a l p a r ts to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; m ak in g
stan dard shop c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o rk , to o lin g , fe e d s ,
and sp ee d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f the w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s o f the com m o n
m e t a ls ; s e le c tin g sta n d a rd m a t e r ia ls , p a r ts , and equ ip m en t r e q u ir e d f o r th is
w o r k ; and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a r ts in to m e c h a n ic a l equ ip m en t. In g e n e r a l,
th e m a c h in is t's w o rk n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rou n ded tr a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p
p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M a c h in e r y )
R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m en t o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l
e q u ip m en t to d ia g n o s e s o u rc e o f tr o u b le ; d is m a n tlin g o r p a r tly d is m a n tlin g
m a c h in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly in v o lv e th e use o f h and tools in
s c ra p in g and fittin g p a r ts ; r e p la c in g b ro k en o r d e fe c t iv e p a r ts w ith ite m s
ob ta in ed f r o m s to c k ; o r d e r in g the p ro d u c tio n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a rt by a
m a c h in e shop o r sen d in g the m a c h in e to a m a c h in e shop fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s ;
p r e p a r in g w r itte n s p e c ific a tio n s f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r fo r th e p ro d u c tio n o f
p a rts o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e shops; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m ak in g a ll
n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts f o r o p e r a tio n .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f a m a c h in e r y
m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly
a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i­
ence.
E x c lu d e d f r o m th is c la s s ific a t io n a r e w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y d u ties
in v o lv e s e ttin g up o r a d ju s tin g m a c h in e s .




T h is c la s s ific a t io n d o e s not in clu d e m e c h a n ic s w ho r e p a ir c u s to m e r s '
v e h ic le s in a u to m o b ile r e p a ir shops.
M A IN T E N A N C E P IP E F IT T E R
In s ta lls o r r e p a ir s w a t e r , s te a m , g a s , o r o th e r ty p e s o f pip e and
p ip e fittin g s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g :
L a y in g
out w o rk and m e a s u rin g to lo c a te p o s itio n o f p ip e f r o m d ra w in g s o r o th e r
w r itte n s p e c ific a tio n s ; cu ttin g v a r io u s s iz e s o f p ip e to c o r r e c t len g th s w ith
c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e to r c h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a c h in e s ; th re a d in g
p ip e w ith stock s and d ie s ; b ending p ip e b y h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n
m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g p ip e w ith c o u p lin gs and fa s te n in g pip e to h a n g e rs ;
m a k in g stan dard shop com p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f
p ip e r e q u ir e d ; and m a k in g stan dard te s ts to d e te r m in e w h eth e r fin is h e d p ip es
m e e t s p e c ific a tio n s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in ten a n ce p ip e fit t e r
r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a f o r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
W o r k e r s p r im a r ily
e n g a g ed in in s ta llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g s a n ita tio n o r h eating s y s te m s
a r e e x c lu d e d .
M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R
F a b r ic a t e s , in s t a lls , and m a in ta in s in good r e p a ir the s h e e t- m e t a l
e q u ip m en t and fix tu r e s (su ch as m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e pans, s h e lv e s ,
lo c k e r s , tan k s, v e n t ila t o r s , ch u tes, d u cts, m e t a l r o o fin g ) o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g ; P la n n in g and la y in g out a ll ty p es o f
s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o rk fr o m b lu e p r in ts , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c i f i ­
c a tio n s ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a tin g a l l a v a ila b le ty p e s o f s h e e t- m e t a l w o rk in g
m a c h in e s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f h a n d tools in c u ttin g, b en d in g, fo r m in g , shaping,
fittin g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s ta llin g s h e e t- m e t a l a r t ic le s as r e q u ir e d .
In
g e n e r a l, th e w o rk o f the m a in ten a n ce s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s rounded
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M IL L W R IG H T
In s ta lls n ew m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m en t, and d is m a n tle s and
in s ta lls m a c h in e s o r h e a v y eq u ip m en t w h en ch an ges in the plant lay ou t a r e
r e q u ir e d .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g ;
P la n n in g and la y in g out
w o rk ; in t e r p r e tin g b lu e p rin ts o r o th e r s p e c ific a tio n s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f handto o ls and r ig g in g ; m a k in g stan d a rd shop com p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to s t r e s s e s ,
s tre n g th o f m a t e r ia ls , and c e n te r s o f g r a v it y ; a lig n in g and b a la n cin g e q u ip ­
m en t; s e le c tin g stan d a rd t o o ls , eq u ip m en t, and p a r ts to be used; and in s ta llin g
and m a in ta in in g in good o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m is s io n e q u ip m en t such as d r iv e s
and sp eed r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l, the m ill w r i g h t 's w o rk n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a
rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in the tr a d e a c q u ir e d th rou gh a f o r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M AINTENANCE TRADES HELPER

TO O L AND DIE MAKER

A s s i s t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m a in te n a n c e tr a d e s , by
p e r fo r m in g s p e c ific o r g e n e r a l d u ties o f le s s e r s k ill, such as k e ep in g a
w o r k e r s u p p lied w ith m a t e r ia ls and to o ls ; c le a n in g w o rk in g a r e a , m a c h in e ,
and equ ip m en t; a s s is tin g jo u rn e y m a n by h old in g m a t e r ia ls o r to o ls ; and p e r ­
fo r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d ta s k s as d ir e c te d by jo u rn e y m a n .
T h e kind o f w o rk
the h e lp e r is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m v a r ie s f r o m tr a d e to t r a d e :
In som e
tr a d e s th e h e lp e r i s c o n fin e d to s u p p lyin g, lift in g , and h old in g m a t e r ia ls and
t o o ls , and c le a n in g w o rk in g a r e a s ; and in o th e rs he is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m
s p e c ia liz e d m a c h in e o p e r a tio n s , o r p a rts o f a tr a d e that a r e a ls o p e r fo r m e d
by w o r k e r s on a f u ll- t im e b a s is .

C o n s tru c ts and r e p a ir s j i g s , fix t u r e s , cu ttin g to o ls , g a u g es , o r m e t a l
d ie s o r m o ld s u sed in shaping o r fo r m in g m e t a l o r n o n m e ta llic m a t e r ia l (e .g .,
p la s t ic , p la s t e r , r u b b e r , g la s s ). W o rk ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s : P la n n in g and la y in g
out w o r k a c c o r d in g to m o d e ls , b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s , o r o th e r w r itte n o r o r a l
s p e c ific a tio n s ; u n d erstan d in g the w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s o f com m on m e ta ls and
a llo y s ; s e le c tin g a p p ro p ria te m a t e r ia ls , to o ls , and p r o c e s s e s r e q u ir e d to
c o m p le te ta s k s ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y shop c om p u ta tio n s; settin g up and o p e r a tin g
v a r io u s m a c h in e to o ls and r e la te d equ ip m en t; u sing v a r io u s to o l and d ie
m a k e r 's han d tools and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; w o rk in g to v e r y
c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; h e a t-tr e a tin g m e t a l p a rts and fin is h e d to o ls and d ie s to
a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a litie s ; fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a rts to p r e s c r ib e d t o l e r ­
a n ces and a llo w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l, the to o l and d ie m a k e r 's w o rk r e q u ir e s
rou n ded tr a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and to o lr o o m p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ire d
th ro u gh fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A C H IN E - T O O L O P E R A T O R (T o o lr o o m )
S p e c ia liz e s in o p e r a tin g one o r m o r e than one typ e o f m a c h in e t o o l
(e . g . , j i g b o r e r , g rin d in g m a c h in e , en gin e la th e , m illin g m a c h in e ) to m a ch in e
m e ta l f o r use in m a k in g o r m a in ta in in g j i g s , fix tu r e s , cuttin g to o ls , g a u g e s ,
o r m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s used in shaping o r fo r m in g m e ta l o r n o n m e ta llic
m a t e r ia l (e . g . , p la s t ic , p la s t e r , r u b b e r , g la s s ).
W o rk ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s :
P la n n in g and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m a c h in in g o p e r a tio n s w h ich r e q u ir e c o m ­
p lic a te d setups o r a high d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; s e ttin g up m a c h in e t o o l o r
to o ls (e . g . , in s t a ll cu ttin g to o ls and ad ju st g u id e s , stop s, w o rk in g ta b le s ,
and o th e r c o n tr o ls to handle the s iz e o f stock to be m a c h in e d ; d e te r m in e
p r o p e r fe e d s , s p e e d s , to o lin g , and o p e r a tio n sequ en ce o r s e le c t th o s e p r e ­
s c r ib e d in d r a w in g s , b lu e p rin ts , o r la y o u ts ); u sing a v a r ie t y o f p r e c is io n
m e a s u rin g in s tr u m e n ts ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm en ts d u rin g m a c h in in g
o p e r a tio n to a c h ie v e r e q u is ite d im e n s io n s to v e r y c lo s e to le r a n c e s .
M a y be
r e q u ir e d to s e le c t p r o p e r c o o la n ts and cu ttin g and lu b ric a tin g o ils , to
r e c o g n iz e w hen to o ls n eed d r e s s in g , and to d r e s s to o ls .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk
o f a m a c h in e - to o l o p e r a to r (to o lr o o m ) at the s k ill l e v e l c a lle d f o r in th is
c la s s ific a t io n r e q u ir e s e x te n s iv e k n o w led g e o f m a c h in e -s h o p and to o lr o o m
p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh c o n s id e r a b le o n -th e -jo b tr a in in g a n d
e x p e r ie n c e .

in clu d e
shops.

F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , th is c la s s ific a t io n d oes not
m a c h in e - to o l o p e r a to r s (t o o lr o o m ) e m p lo y e d in to o l and d ie job b in g

F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a g e study p u rp o s e s , th is c la s s ific a t io n d oes not
in clu d e t o o l and d ie m a k e r s who (1 ) a re e m p lo y e d in t o o l and d ie job b in g
shops o r (2 ) p ro d u c e fo r g in g d ie s (d ie s in k e r s ).
S T A T I O N A R Y E N G IN E E R
O p e ra te s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e rv is e the o p e r a tio n o f
s ta tio n a r y e n g in e s and eq u ip m en t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to supply the
e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , heat, r e f r ig e r a t io n , o r a i r c o n d itio n in g .
W o rk in v o lv e s :
O p e ra tin g and m a in ta in in g equ ip m en t such as
s te a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o to r s , tu rb in e s , v e n tila tin g
and r e f r ig e r a t in g e q u ip m en t, stea m b o ile r s and b o i l e r - fe d w a te r pum ps;
m a k in g eq u ip m en t r e p a ir s ; and k e ep in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a tio n o f m a c h in e r y ,
te m p e r a tu r e , and fu e l con su m p tion .
M a y a ls o s u p e rv is e th es e o p e r a tio n s .
H ead o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one e n g in e e r
a r e e x c lu d e d .
B O IL E R T E N D E R
F ir e s
s ta tio n a r y b o ile r s to fu rn is h the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich
e m p lo y e d w ith h eat, p o w e r , o r s te a m .
F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e by hand or
o p e r a te s a m e c h a n ic a l s to k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u rn e r; and ch eck s w a t e r and
s a fe ty v a lv e s .
M a y c le a n , o il, o r a s s is t in r e p a ir in g b o ile r r o o m equ ip m en t.

Material Movement and Custodial
T R U C K D R IV E R
D r iv e s a tru c k w ith in a c ity o r in d u s tr ia l a r e a to tr a n s p o r t m a t e ­
r ia l s , m e r c h a n d is e , equ ip m en t, o r w o r k e r s b etw een v a r io u s ty p e s o f e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts such a s :
M a n u fa ctu rin g p la n ts, fr e ig h t d e p o ts , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o le ­
s a le and r e t a il ^ e s ta b lis h m en ts , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l
e s ta b lis h m e n ts and
c u s t o m e r s ' h ou ses o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s . M a y a ls o lo a d o r unload tru c k w ith
o r w ith ou t h e lp e r s , m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a ir s , and k eep tru c k in good
w o r k in g o r d e r .
S a le s ro u te and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , tr u c k d r iv e r s a r e c la s s ifie d by s iz e and
ty p e o f e q u ip m en t, as fo llo w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r should be ra te d on the b a s is
o f t r a i l e r c a p a c ity .)




T R U C K D R IV E R — C ontinued
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,

lig h t tru c k (u n der 1 V2 to n s )
m ed iu m tru c k ( 1 V2 to and in clu d in g 4 ton s)
h e a v y tru c k ( t r a i l e r ) (o v e r 4 to n s )
h e a v y tru c k (o th e r than t r a i l e r ) (o v e r 4 tons)

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r sh ip m en t, o r r e c e iv e s and is re s p o n s ib le
f o r in c o m in g sh ip m en ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r ia ls .
Shipping w o rk
i n v o lv e s : A k n o w le d g e o f ship p ing p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t ic e s , ro u te s , a v a ila b le
m ea n s o f tr a n s p o r ta tio n , and r a te s ; and p r e p a r in g r e c o r d s o f the good s

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued

SHIPPING PACKER— Continued

sh ip p ed , m ak in g tip b ills o f la d in g , p o s tin g w e ig h t and ship p ing c h a r g e s , and
k e e p in g a f i l e o f sh ip p in g r e c o r d s .
M a y d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p r e p a r in g the
m e r c h a n d is e f o r sh ip m en t.
R e c e iv in g w o rk i n v o lv e s : V e r ify in g o r d ir e c tin g
o th e rs in v e r if y in g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f sh ip m en ts a g a in s t b ills o f la d in g ,
in v o ic e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h eck in g f o r s h o rta g e s and r e je c t in g d am a ged
g ood s ; ro u tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r ia ls to p r o p e r d e p a rtm e n ts ; and m a in ­
ta in in g n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and f i l e s .

shipping c o n ta in e r s and m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : K n o w le d g e
o f v a r io u s ite m s o f sto c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y con ten t; s e le c tio n o f a p p ro p ria te
ty p e and s iz e o f c o n ta in e r ; in s e r tin g e n c lo s u r e s in c o n ta in e r ; u sin g e x c e l s i o r
o r o th e r m a t e r ia l to p r e v e n t b re a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c lo s in g and s e a lin g c o n ­
ta in e r ; and a p p lyin g la b e ls o r e n te r in g id e n tify in g data on c o n ta in e r.
P a ck ers
who a ls o m a k e w o od en b o x es o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .
M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G L A B O R E R

F o r w age

study p u r p o s e s ,

w o r k e r s a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu rin g plan t, s to r e , o r
o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t w h o s e d u tie s in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g :
L o a d in g and un load in g v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and m e r c h a n d is e on o r fr o m f r e ig h t
c a r s , tr u c k s , o r o th e r tr a n s p o r tin g d e v ic e s ; u n packin g, s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s to r a g e lo c a tio n ; and tr a n s p o r tin g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e b y h an d tru ck, c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w .
L on gsh ore
w o r k e r s , w ho loa d and unload s h ip s , a r e e x c lu d e d .

Shipping c le r k
R e c e iv in g c le r k
Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k
W AREHOUSEM AN
A s d ir e c t e d , p e r fo r m s a v a r ie t y o f w a re h o u s in g d u ties w h ich r e q u ir e
an u n derstan d in g o f the e s ta b lis h m e n t's s to r a g e p la n .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t
o f the fo llo w in g : V e r if y in g m a t e r ia ls (o r m e r c h a n d is e ) a g a in s t r e c e iv in g
d o c u m e n ts , n o tin g and r e p o r tin g d is c r e p a n c ie s and ob viou s d a m a g e s ; rou tin g
m a t e r ia ls to p r e s c r ib e d s to r a g e lo c a tio n s ; s to r in g , s ta c k in g , o r p a lle tiz in g
m a t e r ia ls in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r ib e d s to r a g e m eth od s; r e a r r a n g in g and
t a k i n g in v e n t o r y o f s to r e d m a t e r ia ls ; e x a m in in g s to r e d m a t e r ia ls and
r e p o r tin g d e t e r io r a t io n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v in g m a t e r ia l fr o m s to r a g e and
p r e p a r in g i t f o r s h ip m en t.
M a y o p e r a te hand o r p o w e r tru c k s in p e r fo r m in g
w a re h o u s in g d u tie s .

P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s a m a n u a lly c o n tr o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic - p o w e r e d tru c k
o r t r a c t o r to tr a n s p o r t g o o d s and m a t e r ia ls o f a l l kinds about a w a re h o u s e ,
m a n u fa c tu rin g p lan t, o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
tr u c k ,

F o r k lif t o p e r a to r
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a to r (o th e r than f o r k l i f t )

E x c lu d e w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y du ties in v o lv e shipping and r e c e i v ­
in g w o rk (s e e Shipping and R e c e iv in g C le r k and Shipping P a c k e r ), o r d e r f illin g
(s e e O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a tin g p o w e r tru c k s (s e e P o w e r - T r u c k O p e r a t o r ).

GUARD AN D W A TC H M AN
G u a rd .
P e r f o r m s ro u tin e p o lic e d u tie s , e ith e r at fix e d post o r on
to u r, m a in ta in in g o r d e r , u sin g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
In clu d es
g u a rd s who a r e s ta tio n e d at gate and c h e c k on id e n tity o f e m p lo y e e s and
o th e r p e rs o n s e n te r in g .

ORDER F IL L E R
F i l l s ship p ing o r t r a n s fe r o r d e r s f o r fin is h e d good s f r o m s to re d
m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c ific a tio n s on s a le s s lip s , c u s to m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s tr u c tio n s .
M a y , in ad d ition to f illin g o r d e r s and in d i­
c a tin g ite m s f i l l e d o r o m itte d , k eep r e c o r d s o f o u tgo in g o r d e r s , r e q u is itio n
a d d itio n a l stock o r r e p o r t s h o rt su p p lies to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r fo r m o th e r
r e la te d d u tie s .

W a tch m an . M a k e s rounds o f p r e m is e s
p r o p e r t y a g a in s t f i r e , th e ft, and i l l e g a l e n tr y .

p e r io d ic a lly

in

p ro te c tin g

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R
C le a n s and k e ep s in an o r d e r l y c o n d itio n fa c t o r y w o rk in g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m is e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a rtm e n t h ou se, o r c o m m e r c ia l
o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
D u ties in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g :
S w ee p in g , m op p in g o r s c ru b b in g , and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g c h ip s , tr a s h ,
and o th e r r e fu s e ; d u stin g e q u ip m en t, fu r n itu r e , o r fix tu r e s ; p o lis h in g m e ta l
fix t u r e s o r t r im m in g s ; p r o v id in g su p p lies and m in o r m ain ten a n ce s e r v ic e s ;
and c le a n in g la v a t o r ie s , s h o w e rs , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s who s p e c ia liz e
in w in d o w w a sh in g a r e e x c lu d e d .

S H IP P IN G P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p ro d u c ts f o r ship m en t o r s to r a g e by p la c in g th em
in shipping c o n ta in e r s , the s p e c ific o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d b e in g dependent
upon the ty p e , s iz e , and n u m b er o f units to be p a ck ed , the ty p e o f c o n ta in e r
e m p lo y e d , and m eth od o f s h ip m en t.
W o rk r e q u ir e s the p la c in g o f ite m s in




F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c la s s ifie d by typ e o f p o w e r as fo llo w s :

40

Area Wage
Surveys
A l i s t o f the l a t e s t b u ll e tin s a v a i l a b l e is p r e s e n t e d b e low .
m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m any o f the B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s shown on
c o v e r , o r f r o m the Superintendent o f D o c u m e n ts , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t
O f f i c e , W a s h in g to n , D .C . 20402.
A d i r e c t o r y o f oc c u p atio n al w a g e
c o v e r i n g the y e a r s 1950 th rough 1975, is a v a i l a b l e on r eq u e st.

Area
A k r o n , O h io , D ec. 1976 1________________________________________
A lb an y—S ch en ectad y—T r o y , N .Y . , Sept. 1976 ________________
A n a h eim —Santa Ana—G a rd en G r o v e ,
C a lif. , O ct. 1 9 76 ________________________________________________
A tla n ta , G a ., M a y 1976_________________________________________
B a lt im o r e , M d ., A u g . 1 9 76 _____________________________________
B illin g s , M o n t., July 1 9 7 6 ______________________________________
B irm in g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1 9 7 6 1 _______________________________
B os to n , M a s s ., A u g . 1976 ______________________________________
B u ffa lo , N . Y . , O c t. 1976 ________________________________________
Canton, O h io , M a y 1 9 76 ________________________________________
C h attan ooga, T e n n .- G a ., Sept. 1976 __________________________
C h ic a g o , 111., M a y 1976 ________________________________________
C in c in n a ti, O h io — y .—In d ., M a r . 1976________________________
K
C le v e la n d , O h io , Sept. 1976____________________________________
C olu m b u s, O h io , O ct. 1 976_____________________________________
C orpu s C h r is t i, T e x . , July 1976______________________________
D a lla s —F o r t W o rth , T e x ., O c t. 1976__________________________
D a ven p ort—R o c k Isla n d —M o lin e , Iowa—111., F eb . 1976______
D ayton , O h io , D e c . 1976_________________________________________
D ayton a B ea ch , F la . , A u g . 1976 ______________________________
D e n v e r—B o u ld e r , C o lo ., D ec. 1976____________________________
D e tr o it, M ic h ., M a r . 1976 1 ____________________________________
F r e s n o , C a lif. , June 1976 ______________________________________
G a in e s v ille , F la . , Sept. 1976 __________________________________
G ree n B a y , W is . , July 1 976____________________________________
G r e e n s b o ro — in s to n -S a le m — ig h P o in t ,
W
H
N .C ., A u g . 1976_________________________________________________
G r e e n v ille — p a rta n b u rg , S .C ., June 1976 1__________________ S
H a r tfo r d , C onn ., M a r . 1976________ ___________________________
H ou ston, T e x . , A p r . 1976_______________________________________
H u n ts v ille , A l a . , F e b . 1976 ____________________________________
In d ia n a p o lis , In d ., O c t. 1976___________________________________
Jack son , M is s . , F e b . 1976 _____________________________________
J a c k s o n v ille , F la . , D ec. 1976 1_________________________________
K ansas C ity , M o .—K a n s ., Sept. 1976 1 ________________________
L o s A n g e le s —L on g B ea ch , C a lif., O ct. 1976_________________
L o u is v ille , K y.—In d ., N o v . 1976_______________________________




B u lle tin s
the back
Prin ting
surveys,

B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e *
1900-76, 85 cents
1900-59, 55 cents
1900-67,
1900-30,
1900-52,
1900-39,
1900-11,
1900-53,
1900-70,
1900-28,
1900-57,
1900-32,
1900-7,
1900-62,
1900-68,
1900-41,
1900-63,
1900-25,
1900-78,
1900-45,
1900-73,
1900-15,
1900-29,
1900-54,
1900-37,

75 cents
85 cents
85 cents
55 cents
95 cents
85 cents
75 cents
55 cents
55 cents
$1.05
75 cents
95 cen ts
75 cen ts
55 cen ts
85 cents
55 cents
85 cents
45 cents
85 cents
$1.25
55 cents
45 cents
55 cents

1900-47,
1900-36,
1900-14,
1900-26,
i9 0 0 -1 7 ,
1900-58,
1900-8,
1900-80,
1900-60,
1900-77,
1900-69,

65 cents
85 cents
55 cents
85 cents
55 cents
75 cents
55 cents
85 cents
$1.05
85 cents
55 cents

Area
M e m p h is , T e n n .—A r k .—M i s s ., N o v . 1976 1____________________
M ia m i, F la . , O ct. 1976__________________________________________
M ilw a u k e e , W is . , A p r . 1976 ____________________________________
M in n e a p o lis —S t. P a u l, M inn .—W is ., Jan. 1976________________
N assau —S u ffo lk , N .Y . , June 1976 ______________________________
N e w a rk , N .J ., Jan. 1976 _________________________________________
N ew O r le a n s , L a . , Jan. 1976 ___________________________________
N ew Y o r k , N . Y . - N . J . , M a y 1976_______________________________
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B ea ch —P o r ts m o u th , V a.—
N .C ., M a y 1976 1_________________________________________________
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B ea ch —P o r ts m o u th and
N e w p o rt N e w s —H a m p to n , V a .—N .C ., M a y 1976 1 ___________
N o r th e a s t P e n n s y lv a n ia , A u g . 1976 ____________________________
O k lah om a C ity , O k la ., A u g . 1976______________________________
O m aha, N e b r .—Io w a , O ct. 1976_________________________________
P a t e r son—C lifto n —P a s s a ic , N .J ., June 1976 __________________
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .—N .J ., N o v . 1976 1____________________________
P itts b u r g h , P a ., Jan. 1977_______________________________________
P o r tla n d , M a in e , D e c . 1 9 7 6 * ___________________________________
P o r tla n d , O r e g .—W a sh ., M a y 1976 _____________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N .Y . , June 1976 ________________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie —K in gston —N ew b u rg h , N .Y . , June 1976________
P r o v id e n c e — a rw ic k —P a w tu c k e t, R .1.—
W
M a s s ., June 1 976________________________________________________
R ic h m o n d , V a ., June 1976_______________________________________
St. L o u is , M o . - I l l. , M a r . 1976 1________________________________
S a c ra m e n to , C a lif. , D ec. 1976 _________________________________
S agin aw , M ic h ., N o v . 1976 1_____________________________________
Salt L a k e C ity — gd en , Utah, N o v . 1976_______________________
O
San A n to n io , T e x . , M a y 1976 ___________________________________
San D ie g o , C a lif., N o v . 1976_____________________________________
San F r a n c is c o —O ak lan d, C a lif. , M a r . 1976 __________________
San J o s e , C a lif., M a r . 1976_____________________________________
S e a ttle —E v e r e t t , W a s h ., Jan. 1976 __ ___________________________
South B end, In d ., M a r . 1976 ____________________________________
S y r a c u s e , N .Y . , July 1976_______________________________________
T o le d o , O h io -M ic h ., M a y 1976__________________„ _____ ________
T re n to n , N .J ., Sept. 1976________________________________________
W a sh in g to n , D .C .—M d .—V a . , M a r . 1976 _______________________
W ic h ita , K a n s ., A p r . 1976_______________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., A p r . 1976 __________________________________
Y o r k , P a ., F eb . 1976 ____________________________________________

B ull etin nu m b er
and • r i c e *
j
1900-75,
1900-66,
1900-22,
1900-3,
1900-35,
1900-10,
1900-2,
1900-48,

85 cents
75 cents
85 cents
95 cents
85 cents
85 cents
75 cents
$ 1.05

1900-27, 85 cents
1900-33,
1900-43,
1900-42,
1900-61,
1900-38,
1900-64,
1950-1,
1900-72,
1900-51,
1900-50,
1900-55,

$ 1.50
85 cents
75 cents
45 cents
55 cents

1900-31,
1900-34,
1900-19,
1900-71,
1900-74,
1900-65,
1900-23,
1900-79,
1900-9,
1900-13,
1900-6,
1900-5,
1900-44,
1900-24,
1900-56,
1900-12,
1900-21,
1900-16,
1900-4,

7 5 c ent s
65 cents
$1.25
55 cents
75 cents
55 cents
65 cents
55 cents
95 cents
75 cents
65 cents
55 cents
55 cents
55 cents
55 cents
85 cents
55 cents
55 cents
55 cents

Prices are determined by the Government Printing Office and are subject to change.
1 Data on establishment practices and supplementaty wage provisions are also presented.

85
65
55
55
55
$

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1.10

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region I

Region II

Region III

Region IV

1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (AreaCode617)

Suite 3400
1515 Broadway
New York, N Y. 10036
Phone:399-5406 (Area Code 212)

3535 Market Street,
P.O. Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 596-1154 (AreaC ode215)

Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St., N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone:881-4418 (Area Code 404)

Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Delaware
District'of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Region V

Region VI

Regions VII and VIII

Regions IX and X

9th Floor, 230 S. Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-1880 (AreaC ode312)

Second Floor
555 Griffin Square Building
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone:556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Texas

VII
Iowa
Kansas
Missouri
Nebraska

IX
Arizona
California
Hawaii
Nevada

Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
Wisconsin




VIII
Colorado
Montana
North Dakota
South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming

X
Alaska
Idaho
Oregon
Washington


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102