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A

5 < .3

:

/ 9&<o - 6 V
Area Wage Survey
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania-New Jersey,
Metropolitan Area, November 1976




Preface
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r o v i d e s r e s u l t s o f a N o v e m b e r 1976 s u r v e y
o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e f i t s in th e
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P e n n s y l v a n i a —N e w J e r s e y , S t a n d a rd M e t r o p o l i t a n
S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a ( B u c k s , C h e s t e r , D e l a w a r e , M o n t g o m e r y , and
P h iladelp hia C ou n ties,
P a . ; and B u r l i n g t o n ,
Camden,
and
G lo u c e ste r C ounties, N .J .).
T h e s u r v e y w a s m a d e as p a r t o f
th e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s ' annual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m ,
w h i c h is d e s i g n e d to y i e l d data f o r in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s
as w e l l as n a t io n a l and r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s f o r a ll S tandard
M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s in t h e U n ite d S t a t e s , e x c lu d in g
A l a s k a and H a w a ii.
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m
is th e n e e d t o d e s c r i b e t h e l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a
v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s , t h r o u g h th e a n a l y s i s o f ( l ) t h e l e v e l
and d i s t r i b u t i o n o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t i o n , and (2) t h e m o v e m e n t
o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l .
The p r o g ra m
d e v e l o p s i n f o r m a t i o n that m a y b e u s e d f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s , i n ­
c lu d in g w a g e and s a l a r y a d m i n i s t r a t i o n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g ,
and a s s i s t a n c e in d e t e r m i n i n g plant l o c a t i o n .
S u rvey re su lts also
a r e u s e d b y t h e U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r t o m a k e w a g e d e t e r ­
m i n a t i o n s voider th e S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t o f 1965.
C u r r e n t l y , 84 a r e a s a r e i n c l u d e d in th e p r o g r a m .
(S e e
l i s t o f a r e a s on i n s i d e b a c k c o v e r . )
In e a c h a r e a , o c c u p a t i o n a l
e a r n i n g s data a r e c o l l e c t e d a n n u a lly .
I n f o r m a t i o n on e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e f i t s is o b t a in e d e v e r y
th ird y e a r .




E a c h y e a r a f t e r a l l in d iv id u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s h a v e
b een c o m p le t e d , two s u m m a r y bulletin s a re is s u e d .
The first
b r i n g s t o g e t h e r da ta f o r e a c h m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; the
s e c o n d p r e s e n t s n a t io n a l and r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s , p r o j e c t e d f r o m
i n d iv id u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a da ta.
T h e P h i l a d e l p h i a s u r v e y w a s c o n d u c t e d b y th e B u r e a u ' s
r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . , u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n
o f I r w in L . F e i g e n b a u m , A s s i s t a n t R e g i o n a l C o m m i s s i o n e r f o r
O perations.
T h e s u r v e y c o u l d not h a v e b e e n a c c o m p l i s h e d w i t h ­
out th e c o o p e r a t i o n o f th e m a n y f i r m s w h o s e w a g e and s a l a r y
data p r o v i d e d th e b a s i s f o r the s t a t i s t i c a l i n f o r m a t i o n in th is
b u ll e t in .
T h e B u r e a u w i s h e s to e x p r e s s s i n c e r e a p p r e c i a t i o n f o r
th e c o o p e r a t i o n r e c e i v e d .

N o te :
R e p o r t s on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e
p r o v i s i o n s in th e P h i l a d e l p h i a a r e a a r e a v a i l a b l e f o r th e w o m e n ' s
and m i s s e s ' d r e s s e s ( A u g u s t 1 9 7 4 ) , m a c h i n e r y ( D e c e m b e r 1 9 7 4),
n o n f e r r o u s f o u n d r i e s (Ju n e 1 9 7 5), c a n d y and o t h e r c o n f e c t i o n ­
e r y p r o d u c t s (A u g u s t 1 9 7 5 ), h o s p i t a l s (A u g u s t 1 9 7 5 ) , e l e c t r i c a l
a p p l i a n c e r e p a i r ( N o v e m b e r 1 9 7 5), and la u n d r y and d r y c l e a n i n g
( N o v e m b e r 1976) i n d u s t r i e s .
A l s o a v a i l a b l e a r e l i s t i n g s o f u nio n
w a g e r a t e s f o r b u il d in g t r a d e s , p r in t in g t r a d e s , l o c a l - t r a n s i t
o p e r a t i n g e m p l o y e e s , l o c a l t r u c k d r i v e r s and h e l p e r s , and g r o c e r y
store em p loyees.
F r e e c o p i e s o f t h e s e a r e a v a i l a b l e f r o m the
B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o f f i c e s . (See b a c k c o v e r f o r a d d r e s s e s .)

Bulletin 1900-64

Area W age Survey:
Philadelphia, P en nsylvan ia-N ew Jersey,
Metropolitan Area, November 1976

Contents

2

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S , J u liu s S h iskin , C o m m issio n e r

T a b l e s — Continued
A.

T ables:
A. E arnings:
W e e k l y e a r n in g s o f o f f i c e
♦ A -1.
w o r k e r s _________________________ ..
3
A - l a . W e e k l y e a r n in g s o f o f f i c e
w o r k e r s —l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
7
W e e k l y e a r n in g s o f p r o f e s s i o n a l
A -2.
and t e c h n i c a l w o r k e r s _____________ 10
A - 2 a . W e e k l y e a r n in g s o f p r o f e s s i o n a l
and t e c h n i c a l w o r k e r s —l a r g e
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . __________ _____ . 12
A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n in g s o f o f f i c e ,
A -3.
p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l
w o r k e r s , b y s e x .. ________________ • 14
A -3a. A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n in g s o f o f f i c e ,
p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l
w o r k e r s , b y sex—l a r g e
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s _______
___
• 16
H o u r l y e a r n in g s o f m a i n t e n a n c e ,
A -4.
t o o l r o o m , and p o w e r p la n t
w o r k e r s __________________________
■ 18
A - 4a . H o u r l y e a r n in g s o f m a i n t e n a n c e ,
t o o l r o o m , and p o w e r p la n t
w o r k e r s —l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
■ 19
H o u r l y e a r n in g s o f m a t e r i a l
A -5.
m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d ia l
w o r k e r s _______ ______
_________ ■ 20
A - 5a . H o u r l y e a r n in g s o f m a t e r i a l
m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d ia l
w o r k e r s —l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ___ . 22
A v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n in g s o f
A - 6.
m aintenance, t o o l r o o m ,
pow erp lant, m a teria l
m o v e m e n t , and c u s t o d i a l
w o r k e r s , by sex
__________ . . . . 24




U.S. D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R , W. J. U sery, J r., S e cretary

Page

Page

I n t r o d u c t i o n ___________________________________________

J a n u a ry 1977

B.

E a r n in g s — Continued
A - 6a. A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f
m aintenance, to o l r o o m ,
p o w e r p la n t , m a t e r i a l
m o v e m e n t , and c u s t o d i a l
w o r k e r s , b y s e x —l a r g e
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . ..
A -7.
P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s in a v e r a g e
h o u r l y e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d
o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , a d ju s te d
f o r e m p l o v m e n t shifts
E s ta b l is h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and
supplem entary wage p r o v is io n s :
B -1.
M in im u m entrance s a la rie s fo r
i n e x p e r i e n c e d t y p is t s and c l e r k s . .
B-2.
Late shift pa y p r o v i s i o n s f o r
f u l l - t i m e m a n u f a c t u r in g plant
w orkers
B -3.
S ch e d u le d w e e k l y h o u r s and da ys
o f f u l l - t i m e f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s __
B -4.
Annual paid h o lid a y s f o r f u l l - t i m e
w o r k e r s ____
_ ___ _
B-5.
P a id v a c a t io n p r o v i s i o n s f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s . . _______ _
B - 6.
H ealth , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n
p la n s f o r f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s

A p p e n d ix A .
A p p e n d ix B.

S c o p e and m e t h o d o f s u r v e y
O ccupational d e s crip tio n s

1

26

27

28

29
30
31
32
35
37
42

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U .S. Government Printing
O ffice, Washington, D. C. 20402, GPO Bookstores, or BLS Regional
O ffices listed on back cover.
Price $1. 10.
Make checks payable to
Superintendent o f Documents.




Introduction
T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 84 in w h i c h th e U.S.
D epartm ent o f L a b o r 's B ureau o f L a b o r Statistics
c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and r e ­
lated b e n e fit s .
In t h is a r e a , data w e r e o b t a i n e d b y
p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e ­
p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y
d iv is io n s : M anufacturing; tr a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n i ­
c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ;
and s e r v i c e s .
M a jo r industry grou ps exclu ded f r o m
t h e s e s t u d i e s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s and t h e c o n ­
s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E stablish m en ts
h a v in g f e w e r th an a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s
a r e o m i t t e d b e c a u s e o f i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in
th e o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d .
Sep arate tabu lation s are
p r o v id e d f o r ea ch o f the b ro a d in d u stry d iv is io n s
w hich m e e t publication c r it e r ia .
A - s e r i e s tables
T a b le s A - l th rou gh A - 6 p r o v id e e s tim a te s
of s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly o r h o u rly earnings fo r w o r k ­
e r s in o c c u p a t i o n s c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f m a n u f a c ­
t u r i n g and n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s . O c c u p a t i o n s
w e r e s e l e c t e d f r o m th e f o l l o w i n g c a t e g o r i e s :
(a)
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l , (b) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l , (c)
m a i n t e n a n c e , t o o l r o o m , and p o w e r p l a n t , and (d) m a t e ­
r i a l m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d i a l .
In th e 31 l a r g e s t
s u rv e y a r e a s , ta b le s A - l a through A - 6 a p r o v id e
s i m i l a r data f o r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g 500 w o r k ­
ers or m ore.
T a b l e A - 7 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t c h a n g e s in a v ­
e r a g e h ou rly earnings o f o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s ,
e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g w o r k e r s , i n d u s t r i a l

2

n u r s e s , s k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s w o r k e r s , and
u n s k i l l e d plant w o r k e r s .
W h e r e p o s s i b l e , da ta a r e
p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s , m a n u f a c t u r i n g , and
n onm anufacturing.
T h is table p r o v id e s a m e a s u r e o f
w a g e t r e n d s a f t e r e l i m i n a t i o n o f c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
earn in gs c a u se d by em p lo y m e n t shifts am on g e s t a b ­
lish m en ts as w e ll as tu r n o v e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts in ­
c l u d e d in s u r v e y s a m p l e s .
F o r fu rth er d eta ils, see
appendix A.

B - s e r i e s tables
T h e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s p r e s e n t i n f o r m a t i o n on
m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; la te
s hif t p a y p r o v i s i o n s and p r a c t i c e s f o r plant w o r k e r s
in m a n u f a c t u r i n g ; and data s e p a r a t e l y f o r p la n t and
o f f i c e w o r k e r s o n s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s and d a y s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s ; p a id h o l i d a y s ; p a id v a c a t i o n s ;
and h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p l a n s .

A ppendixes
A p p e n d i x A d e s c r i b e s th e m e t h o d s and c o n ­
c e p t s u s e d in th e a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m .
It
p r o v i d e s i n f o r m a t i o n o n th e s c o p e o f th e a r e a s u r v e y ,
on th e a r e a ' s i n d u s t r i a l c o m p o s i t i o n in m a n u f a c t u r in g , and o n l a b o r - m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t c o v e r a g e .

A pp end ix B p r o v id e s jo b d e s c r ip tio n s u sed
b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s b y
o ccu pa tion .

A.

Earnings

Table A-1. W e e kly earnings of office w orkers in Philadelphia, P a.—N .J ., Novem ber 1976
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s o f—

S

A t/A r a g .

s

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
22 0
240
260 280
300 320 360 400

h ou rs *
(s ta n d a rd )

100

110

12 0

130

140

150

160

170

18 0

190

200

90

w orkers

90

10 0

110

12 0

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

260

300

320

360

400

440

214
56
158
6
9
115
28

492
174
318
16
32
221
49

719 1050 1207 1205 1127 1109 1 8 1 6 1117
422 533 579 616
210
615 1139 724
674 626 511
509 628
494 677
393
6
6
15
38
20
39
71
55
94
83
96
52
63
104 12 0
90
54
84
42
45
46
32
18
52
312 373 320
352 252
98
2 28 287
97
172 127
98
ioi
91
147
132

780
607
173
68
19
11
35
A0

404
331
73
36
10
14
10
3

269
186
83
50

150
111
39
25
6
1
7
-

97
50
47
42
1

75
15
60
59
•
•
1

11
3
8
8

42
26
16
5
-

17
6
11
4
-

16
12
4
1
-

11
3
8
—
-

59
46
13
7
3
1
2

37
18
19
18
1

56
•
56
56

•

•

•

—

-

-

80

w e e k ly

O c c u p a t io n a n d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

M ean i

M e d ia n *

M id d le r a n g e d

and
under

ALL W O R K E R S

11,944
6,379
5,565
546
772
460
2,673
1,114

38.5
39.0
37.5
39.0
39.0
38.5
37.0
37.5

$
195.0Q.
204.50
184.00
253.50
189.50
174.50
170.50
182.00

186.0,
199.00
175.00
241.50
187.50
167.00
168.00
178.00

$
$
162.00-218.00
174.00-230.00
155.00-203.00
200.00-299.00
161.00-212.50
150.00-192.00
148.00-190.00
159.00-207.50

•
-

5
5
4
1
-

12
12
—
1
1
10

85
8
77
4
3
16
52
2

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------F I N A N C E ------------------S E R V I C E S ------------------

914
555
359
127
87

38.5
39.0
38.0
36.5
37.5

234.50
235.00
233.00
224.00
220.50

226.00
230.00
2 2 1.0 0
208.50
225.00

203.00-258.50
210.00-257.00
202.00-264.00
195.00-240.50
196.50-255.00

•
-

*

-

.
—
*

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S 8 -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E --------R E T A I L T R A D E ------------F I N A N C E ------------------S E R V I C E S ------------------

2,871
1,464
1,407
164
122
128
739
254

38.5
39.0
37.5
39.5
38.5
38.5
36.5
37.5

2 10 .0 0
213.50
206.50
294.50
213.50
20 0.00
187.00
207.50

2 0 1.0 0
208.50
196.00
290.00
199.00
190.00
186.00
211.50

180.00-232.50
185.00-239.00
174.50-222.00
236.00-363.50
187.50-235.00
174.50-211.50
169.50-204.00
187.00-232.50

.
-

-

-

•

-

-

7
—
7
7

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G - — ---- P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ---- —
•
R E T A I L T R A D E ------------ F I N A N C E ------------------S E R V I C E S ------------------

4,346
2,481
1,865
147
276
114
1,0 0 2
326

38.5
39.0
38.0
38.5
39.5
38.0
37.5
37.5

195.50
208,00
178.00
249.00
189.00
158.50
166.50
179.50

188.00
204.00
170.00
248.00
195.50
16 0 .0 0
165.00
178.00

167.00-217.50
181.00-231.00
154.50-195.50
216.00-284.50
157.50-225.50
145.50-173.00
150.00-179.00
162.50-199.00

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S D ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --- --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------w h o l e s a l e t r a d e -------------R E T A I L T R A D E ------------------

3,722
1,861
1,861
164
336
109
805

S E R V I C E S -----------------------

447

38.0
39.0
37.5
39.0
38.5
38.5
37.0
37.0

173.00
182.50
163.50
197.50
177.50
153.00
152.50
162.00

149.50-191.50
155.00-200.00
142.00-181.00
172.00-215.00
158.00-198.50
140.00-162.00
135,00-168.00
1 4 9 .0 0
160.00 145.00-178.00

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G E N E R A L -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E --------R E T A I L T R A D E ------------F I N A N C E ------------------S E R V I C E S ------------------

1,771
668
1,103
262
107
68
527
139

38.5
39.5
38.0
38.5
39.5
38.0
37.0
38.5

162.50
169.50
158.50
212.0 0
172.50
156.00
130.00
156.00

152.00
160.50
145.00
215.50
186.00
160.00
128.00
152.50

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , S E N I O R ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------F I N A N C E ---------------------S E R V I C E S --------------------

1,475
873
602
252
214

39.0 173.50
4 0 .0
178.00
38.0 166.00
37.5 1 4 6 . 0 0
37.5 154.50

168.00
174.50
159.00
145.00
141.50

S E C R E T A R I E S -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E -------------R E T A I L T R A D E -----------------F I N A N C E -------------------— --S E R V I C E S ------------SECRETARIES,

C L A S S A ------

m a n u f a c t u r in g

--------------------------

166.00
174.50
160.00
197.00
179.50
153.00

-

-

-

-

.

•

19
2
17

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
*
5

5

9
9
9

25
10
IS
1

10
10
*

12
12
4
8

29
28
1
1
*

34
24
10

48
39
9
9

87
46
41

136
56
80
•
2
73

204
83
121

-

45
10
35

116
13
103

35
6
206
37
169

5

360
87
273

181
137
44
12
18

123
76
47
14
10

75
55
20
6
-

62
30
32

1

205
114
91
45
18

222
82
140
6
7
12
104
11

266
103
163
19
19
104
21

372
170
202
6
41
21
112
22

504
269
235
19
8
23
141
44

440
252
188
20
9

211
133
78
15
10

5

5

65
89

18
30

157
127
30
7
7
12
1
3

60
40
20
10
8
2
-

-

-

442
168
274
4
3S
27
164
44

545
264
281

505
328
177

9

9
9

378
258
12 0
14
69

131
113
18
12
3

92
61
31
31

25
17
8
6
2

27
18
9
9

55

694
520
174
18
35
4
69
48

383
339
44
32

17
20
183
52

375
243
132
3
24
6
57
42

404
205
199
23
39
9
64
64

314
161
153
11
68
8
45
21

298
178
12 0
30
32
2
34

395
236
159
34

113
77
36
20

55

61
30
31

9
26
63
23

-

•

—

-

-

•

-

-

3
4
10

6
3
22
4

3
19
69
12

22
8
128
11

39
17
177
40

160
46
114

313
122
191

393
117
276
6
30
12
149
79

539
269
270
6
30
123
56

540
282
258
11
39
22
89
97

2

209
94
115
19

163
72
91
15
1
11
28
36

204
110
94
23
10
17
24
20

86
53
33
11
1

161
114
47
41

198
145
53
27
IS

159
93

-

-

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

•

-

-

5

12

59
6
53

-

4

-

4

-

•

-

•

-

-

-

13

-

1

1

12
35
2

2
88
24

5

—

1
10

7

143
28

-

-

-

-

-

130.00-187.50
142.00-189.50
125.00-186.00
177.50-245.50
131.50-198,50
139,00-170.00
120.00-138.00
140.00-165.50

•
•
•
-

•
-

38
38
—
-

150
38
112
-

191
37
154
-

29

6

4

5

4

5

34
-

■93
14

146

128
15

2
68
20

147,00-192.50
158,00-192.50
135,00-182.00
132.00-160.00
125.00-179.00

•
-

•
-

1
—
1
1

19
1
18
18

94
15
79
21
56

3

4

249
70
179

156
38
118
66

50

115
73
42
37
3

-

55

4

4
-

63
24
39
25
5

-

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le s .




*

-

•

-

-

9

2
5
17

7

5

6
98

9

5

17

•

•

—
-

•

•

3

3

—

•

-

•

•

•

-

-

•

•

•

•

•

19
18

3

3

-

•

•

•

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

24
22
2
2

16
8
8
8

-

—

•

—

•

45
44
1
1

37
33
4
4

5

-

•

-

—

2
2

-

•

•

•

-

•

-

•

22

1
32
37

-

-

-

-

103
34
69
63
-

45
14
31
24
7

147
88
59
53
-

•

•

2

1

22

2

18

98
28
70
20
35

22
•

2
•

1
1
•

4

9

5

7

22

S5
55
•

•

•

-

•

.

•

•
•

2

•

-

.
—
—

2
•

•
•
•
•

-

-

-

•
.
•

•

2

-

•

6

8

66

8
33

4

158
91
67
16
28

6

6

-

6

-

-

-

179
130
49
9
17

122
109
13
8

26

27
25
2
-

21
14

6
2

33
1
32

4

4

22
4

-

7

•
*

4

-

_

*

•
.

•
-

T ab le A-1. W e e kly earnings of o ffice w orkers in Philadelphia, P a .—N .J ., Novem ber 1 9 7 6 — Continued
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number

N um ber o f vvorke rs r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s of—

S

Avprago
weekly
hours1
(standard)

S

S

s

S

$

s

S

s

workers

S

s

S

S

S

S

S

%

S

S

S

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

360

400

90

O ccu p a tion and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

100

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

360

400

440

•

-

-

60
-

81
8
73
37

70
32
38
3

6
4
2
-

29
-

•

7
•

•
•
-

•
•
-

•
•

•
•

•
•

-

29
23

6
2
4

-

92
15
77
62

11
11
-

-

186
3
183
176

109
7

-

58
13
45
36

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

45
-

65
39
26
14

35
19
16
3

82
32
50
18

50
4
46
46

7
•

•
-

•
•
-

•
•
-

•
•
-

—
•

109

-

-

21

47

140
6
55
77

146
S3
93
21
38
34

123
74
49
14

45

199
50
149
5
89

-

194
58
136
118
17

248
108

45
-

153
21
132
—

26

-

4
4
4

1
11

13

11

24
-

196
11
185

484

489
94
395

464
145
319

380
135
245

315
88
227

116
68
48

85
41
44
1
9
26
4

68
45
23
1

33
23
10
10

19
11
8
a

•
•
•

.
•
-

•
•

•

80
Mean ^

Median *

and
under

Middle ranged

ALL W O R K E R S CONTINUED

620
458

6
8
6
6

.5
.0
.5
.5

$
1 5 1 .5 0
1 6 0 .0 0
1 5 0 .5 0
1 4 5 .5 0

$

3
3
3
3

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S A -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------F I N A N C E -------------------S E R V I C E S ------------------

1 ,4 8 5
541
944
151
475
269

3
3
3
3
3
3

8 .0
9 .0
7 .5
9 .0
7 .0
7 .5

1 5 3 .0 0
1 5 9 .0 0
1 4 9 .0 0
2 0 2 .5 0
1 2 8 .5 0
1 5 0 .0 0

1 4 4 .5 0
1 5 7 .0 0
1 4 0 .0 0
2 0 6 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0
1 4 5 .0 0

1
1
1
1
1
1

T Y P I S T S * C L A S S B -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES
R E T A I L T R A D E ---F I N A N C E ----------S E R V I C E S ---------

2 ,7 2 8
760
1 ,9 6 8
34
215
1 ,5 1 8
151

3
3
3
3
3
3
3

7
9
7
9
3
7
8

1 2 7 .0 0
1 4 0 .5 0
1 2 2 .0 0
2 1 0 .0 0
1 1 4 .5 0
1 2 0 .0 0
1 2 8 .5 0

1 2 4 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0
1 1 8 .5 0
2 0 6 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0
1 2 5 .5 0

1
1
1
1

FILE CLERKS, CLASS A M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----NONMANUFACTURING —
F I N A N C E -----------

227
77
150
118

38 •0
3 9 .5
3 7 .5
3 7 .5

1 5 4 .0 0
1 8 8 .0 0
1 3 6 .5 0
1 3 0 .5 0

FILE CLERKS, CLASS P M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES
WHOLESALE TRADE F I N A N C E -----------

702
150
552
27
75
410

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .5

FILE CLERKS, CLASS C M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES
R E T A I L T R A D E ---F I N A N C E -----------

1 ,2 1 0
96
1 ,1 1 4

3 8 .0
3 8 .5

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE TYPISTS
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --- ----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------ ---F I N A N C E -------- -----------

715
95

.5
.0
.0
.5
.0
.0
.0

3 8 .0
3 7 .0
3 8 .0

1 4 5 .0 0
1 6 5 .0 0
1 4 4 .5 0
1 4 0 .0 0

$
$
1 3 3 .0 0 * 1 6 6 .5 0
1 4 2 .0 0 * 1 7 0 .5 0
1 3 3 .0 0 -1 6 6 .0 0
1 3 0 .5 0 -1 5 9 .5 0
2
4
2
6
1
3

.0
.0
.0
.5
.0
.0

0
0
0
0
0
0

1 0 .0 0 -1 4 0 .0
2 0 .0 0 -1 5 4 .0
0 7 .0 0 -1 3 3 .5
9 7 .5 0 -2 2 8 .0
9 2 .0 0 -1 3 3 .5
1 0 7 .0 0 -1 3 0 .0
1 1 5 .0 0 -1 4 0 .0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1 4 0 .0 0
1 8 5 .0 0
1 3 2 .5 0
130*50

1
1
1
1

1 2 5 .5 0
1 4 4 .5 0
1 2 0 .5 0
1 8 4 .5 0
1 2 1 .5 0
1 1 5 .0 0

1 1 3 .5 0
1 3 8 .5 0
1 1 3 .0 0
1 5 5 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0
1 1 2 .0 0

1
1
1
1

1
1
1
1

2
5
2
2

7
0
4
5
6
8

8
2
0
0

.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.5

,0
.0
.0
.0

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

-1
-1
-1
-2
-1
-1

-1
-1
-1
-1

7
8
6
4
3
6

7
8
4
3

0
0
0
3
8
0

-

-

•

7
-

0
0
0
0

0 3 .0 0 -1 3 9
0 9 .5 0 -1 6 5
0 3 .0 0 -1 3 0
4 6 .0 0 -2 1 9
9 7 .0 0 -1 7 3
1 0 5 .0 0 -1 2 2

.5
.0
.0
.0
.5
.0

0
0
0
0
0
0

•

*

40
46

1 0 5 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0
1 5 8 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0

9 8 .0 0 -1 1 6 .0
1 0 7 .5 0 -1 4 5 .0
9 7 .0 0 -1 1 5 .0
1 3 1 .5 0 -2 1 5 .5
9 0 .5 0 -1 0 2 .5
9 7 .0 0 -1 1 6 .0

0
0
0
0
0
0

47
-

283
-

47
-

283
24
259

0
0
0
0
0

26
2
24
12
12

3 8 .0

M E S S E N G E R S --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---NONMANUFACTURING F I N A N C E --------S E R V I C E S --------

988
392
596
244
215

3
3
3
3
3

8 .0
8 .5
7 .5
6 .5
7 .5

1 3 2 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0
1 3 3 .0 0
1 2 4 .5 0
1 1 5 .5 0

1 2 0 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0
1 1 3 .0 0

105
107
103
106
102

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --- NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES
R E T A I L T R A D E ---F I N A N C E ----------S E R V I C E S ---------

935
325
610
74
165

3
3
3
3

8 .5
9 .0
8 .0
9 .5

1 5 7 .0 0
1 7 5 .0 0
1 4 7 .5 0
2 2 5 .0 0
1 3 0 .5 0
1 4 3 .0 0
1 3 4 .0 0

1 4 6 .0 0
1 7 0 .5 0
1 3 5 .0 0
2 2 9 .0 0
1 3 0 .5 0
1 3 8 .0 0
1 3 0 .5 0

1 2 2 .5 0 -1 6 0
2 0 9 .0 0 -2 3 3
1 1 0 .5 0 -1 5 2
1 2 0 .5 0 -1 5 8
1 2 2 .5 0 -1 4 1

110
231

54
131

.0
.5
.0
.0

31
154
734

3 8 .0
3 7 .5
3 7 .5

24
-

0
6
5
6

1 1 .0 0
3 3 .0 0
0 9 .0 0
6 6 .0 0
9 9 .5 0
1 0 8 .0 0

3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .5

24

.0 0
.0 0
.0 0
.0 0
.5 0

-1
-1
-1
-1
-1

4
5
4
3
2

1
0
0
5
9

.0
.5
.0
.0
.5

1 3 0 .0 0 -1 7 3 .0 0
1 4 5 .0 0 -1 9 4 .5 0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0

0
0
0
0
0

*

-

37
6

-

-

7
7
95
7
88
-

115
42
73
22
40

60
424

10
22

370
26

15
363
15

29
248
35

28
186
26

19
148
35

8
24
9

2
2
2

24
1
23
17

35

43

4

7
36
36

24
6
18
16

21
5
16
5

13
7
6

150
32
118
8
107

160
17
143
-

59
25
34
8
20

38
7
31
7
2
10

10
3
7

418
28
390
2
80
216

216
20
196

4

2

4

37
11
26
-

8
7
1
-

7
98

3
58

1
72

1
19

14
1
13
7
-

169
78
91

175
68
107
73
27

130
40
90
26
45

109

54
12

35
26

42
22

9

59
1
58
23
24

107

175
18
157

28

40
39

36
-

19
-

36
21
3
12

19

18
1

2
141

9

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le s .




60
49

4

31
28
63
6
57
2
52

58
16
42
-

75

9

88
8

66

80

33
74
16
3
55

28

50
59
14
39

1
35
26
93

4

1
6

1

102
72
108
72
36
5
6
16
30
25
5
3
1
-

11
15
15

7

7

4

19
14
5
5

6
-

m

6
6

-

•
•

4

m

•
•

-

•

•
•

•
-

22

1
6
5
1
*

29
26
3
*

5

3

2
3
3

1
2

30

8
8
-

1
1
-

17
10
7
7
-

-

9
21
21
*
1
1
-

5

_
-

1

1

12
9
3
3

-

1
1
-

-

-

-

4
4
-

15
3
12
12
-

4
4

16

3

23
10
13
13

37
18
19

45

16

32

•
-

-

1

1

•

•
•

9
9

_
•
•

•

-

-

-

-

-

•
_

•
_

•
•
•
•

•

so
•

-

_

•
•

•

•

•

•
•

•

•
-

•

*
•

•
—

2
32
-

•
*

-

45
38

8
2
6
6

6
2
4

-

6

3

9

97
30
67
3
18
17
29

28
19

63
16
47

95
64
31
•

22
10
12
2

37
30
7
•

3

5
5

1
6

9
9

7

9
-

20
2
18
1

34

4

84

32
18
14

22
16
6
6

55
29
2

5
11
11

1
20
9
17

4

5

-

8

37
1

7

7
-

4

•

-

Table A-1. W e e k ly earnings of office w o rkers in Philadelphia, P a .—N .J ., Novem ber 1 9 7 6 — Continued
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s o f—

O c c u p a t io n a n d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

M id d le range ^

100

no

120

130

140

"S—
150

100

no

120

130

140

150

160

22
11
11

73
35
38

229
123
106

—

-

-

-

2
13
14
9

65
28
1
12

193
81
112
12
31
3
57
9

220
90
130
9
33
16
54
18

117
60
57
6
2
3
21
25

8
8

8
8

28
28

3
3

1

7

27
2
25

*

-

*

*

*

15
6
9
9

19
8
11
11

25
7
18
18

70
30
40
38

58
12
46
46

67
37
30
30

82
71

23
23

i i

-

1

10
10

66
2
64

163
33
130

147
23
124

-

-

3
61

4
31
78
11

310
86
222
7
52
71
80
12

315
97
218
1
26
75
97
19

466
156
310
18
58
65
132
37

305
64
241
44
36
60
71
30

5

S

S

80
M edian *

90

3

S

A vera ge
w eek ly
h ours1
(standard)

S

$

S

S

1 ----------

%

s

$

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

1 --------

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

360

400

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

360

400

440

157

71
38
33
6

70
41
29
4
18
2

37
17
20

14
14

21
7
14

-

-

•

-

-

3

•
-

-

-

•

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

—

14
14

11
11

26
14
12

11
8
3

•

•

-

-

*

-

•

and
unde r

90

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------

1 A 7 .5 0
1 A 9 .0 0
1 A 6 .5 0
1 5 3 .0 0
1 A 9 .5 0
1 A 2 .5 0
1 A 1 .0 0
1A B.50

1 A 5 .5 0
1 A 6 .0 0
1 A 4 .5 0
1 5 7 .5 0
1 3 3 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0
1A A .50
1 5 3 .0 0

$
$
1 2 9 .0 0 - 1 6 3 .0 0
1 2 9 .0 0 - 1 6 5 .0 0
1 2 7 .5 0 - 1 5 7 .5 0
1 3 7 .0 0 - 1 6 1 .5 0
1 2 7 .5 0 - 1 6 0 .0 0
1 2 2 .0 0 - 1 4 7 .5 0
1 3 2 .0 0 - 1 4 6 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0 - 1 6 4 ,5 0

$

1 .2 3 0
627
603
A3
192
86
ISA
128

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 6 .0
3 7 .5

ORDER CLERKS* CLASS A --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

352
291
61

3 8 .5 2 0 5 .0 0
3 9 .0 2 0 6 .5 0
3 8 .5 1 8 6 .0 0

1 9 3 .0 0
1 9 4 .5 0
1 1 6 .0 0

1 6 1 .0 0 - 2 4 6 .0 0
1 7 1 .0 0 - 2 4 6 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0 - 2 3 5 .0 0

ORDER CLERKS. CLASS B --------------MANUFACTURING --- ----------------NONMANUF A C T U R I N G --- -------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------

588
3A3
2A5
217

3 8 .S
3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .0

1 5 8 .5 0
1 6 3 .0 0
1 5 2 .5 0
1A A .00

1 5 5 .0 0
1 6 0 .0 0
1 3 6 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0

1 3 5 .0 0 - 1 8 5 .0 0
1 A 0 .0 0 - 1 8 5 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0 - 1 7 4 .5 0
1 2 5 .5 0 - 1 5 7 .5 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS A ----MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------RETAIL TRADE --------------FINANCE ------------ -------SERVICES --------------------

2 .5 A 6
1 .0 A 7
1 .A 9 9
156
190
336
677
1AO

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
36*0
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .5
3 7 .5

1 7 9 .0 0
1 9 5 .0 0
1 6 8 .0 0
2 3 0 .0 0
1 7 6 .5 0
1 5 7 .0 0
1 5 5 .0 0
1 7 5 .5 0

1 6 8 .0 0
1 8 5 .5 0
1 5 9 .0 0
2 0 1 .0 0
1 6 4 .5 0
1 5 5 .0 0
1 5 0 .5 0
1 8 0 .5 0

1 A 7 .0 0 - 2 0 0 .5 0
1 6 1 .0 0 - 2 2 5 .0 0
1 4 1 .0 0 - 1 8 8 .0 0
1 8 6 .0 0 - 2 8 3 .5 0
1 4 5 .0 0 - 2 0 8 .0 0
1 4 0 .5 0 - 1 7 0 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0 - 1 7 2 .0 0
1 5 8 .0 0 - 1 9 6 .0 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS B — —
MANUFACTURING --- --- ----------NONMANUFACTURING --------- ----PUBLIC UTILITIES ------ ----WHOLESALE TRADE -------------

A .O il
1 .3 1 2
2 ,6 9 9
306
571
510
835
A77

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 7 .0
3 8 .5

1 5 6 .5 0
1 7 5 .0 0
1 A 7 .5 0
2 1 7 .5 0
1 5 2 .5 0
1 3 0 .5 0
1 2 6 .5 0
1 5 2 .0 0

1 4 9 .5 0
1 6 1 .5 0
1 3 9 .5 0
2 2 5 .0 0
1 5 2 .5 0
1 2 7 .0 0
1 2 1 .0 0
1 5 6 .0 0

1 2 5 .0 0 - 1 7 5 .0 0
1 3 8 .0 0 - 2 0 3 .0 0
1 1 7 .5 0 - 1 6 6 .0 0
1 5 5 .5 0 - 2 6 4 .5 0
1 2 5 .0 0 - 1 7 0 .0 0
1 1 3 .5 0 - 1 4 6 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0 - 1 4 2 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0 - 1 6 9 .5 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
CLASS A --------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------FINANCE ----------------------

193
89
10A
77

3 8 .0
3 8 .0
38*0
3 7 .5

1 6 6 .0 0
1 7 1 .5 0
1 6 1 .0 0
1 5 2 .5 0

1 6 0 .0 0
1 6 0 .0 0
1 6 5 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0

1 5 0 .0 0 - 1 8 4 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0 - 2 0 0 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0 - 1 8 4 .0 0
1 4 0 .0 0 - 1 7 8 .5 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
CLASS B ----- * -------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------- ----

222
97
125

3 7 .5
3 7 .0
3 8 .0

1 2 9 .5 0
1 A 6 .5 0
1 1 6 .5 0

1 3 0 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0

BILLING-MACHINE BILLERS ----MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------

208
57
151

3 8 .5
3 7 .5
3 9 .0

1 5 1 .0 0
1 A 7 .5 0
1 5 2 .5 0

PAYROLL CLERKS --------------MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANUFACTURING --------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------RETAIL TRADE -----------FINANCE -----------------SERVICES ----------------

971
579
392
76
80
108
79

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 7 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
3 6 .5
3 3 .0

1 6 9 .5 0
1 7 5 .5 6
1 6 0 .5 0
1 9 5 .5 0
1 A 2 .5 0
1 5 8 .5 0
1 A 2 .5 0

RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------

FINANCE ---------------------SERVICES ---------------------

-

-

-

-

-

3
-

-

3

4

-

-

-

-

-

7

•

1

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

—

—

-

-

-

-

1
-

3
7

-

-

-

-

2
12

22
21
1

47
45
2

27
25
2

25
17
8

46
46
*

-

-

38
14
24
24

121
109
12
12

4
4

34
16
18
18

26

1
1

3
3

1
1

1
1

•

-

-

•

•

•

_

•

290
138
152
25
4
47
66
10

204
102
102
5
14
31
43
9

169
60
109
20
9
14
40
26

182
77
105
19
9
25
15
37

260
132
128
7
40
14
51
16

144
91
53
3
15

384
164
220
26
25
59
43
67

432
137
295
3
109
42
31

155
50
105
15
32
5
23
30

83
43
40
7
28
2
3

145
53
92
33
39
2
6
12

62
33
29
11
16
2
-

no

320
143
177
6
42
8
46
75

49
24
25
25

22
18
4
4

25
2
23
23

22
-

-

13
13

5
5

6
2
4
4

22
1

6

-

11

23
19
19

22
22

-

-

5

8
8

18
13
5
5

19
19

51
9
42

13
13

29
27
2

20
9
11

41
34
7

11
9
2

6
6
-

1
1

8
8

4
4

55
13
42

55
17
38

4
2
2

20
20

4
4
-

9
9

14
14
-

4
4
-

3
3
3
-

15
15
—
4

61
28
33
16
16
1

25
9
16
8
3
5

108
69
39

90
56
34
2
6
3
11

165
111
54
2
8
21
16

100
40
60
23
9
6
6

106
57
49
9
6
28
*

68
34
34
8
6
20

-

—

—

•

*

2
2

1 1 0 .0 0 - 1 5 0 .0 0
1 3 2 .5 0 - 1 5 1 .0 0
1 0 7 .0 0 - 1 2 0 .0 0

6
6

21
21

1 2 5 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0

1 1 9 .5 0 - 1 7 0 .0 0
1 2 3 .0 0 - 1 7 6 .0 0
1 1 9 .5 0 - 1 4 2 .0 0

•
-

1 6 3 .0 0
1 6 5 .0 0
1 6 0 .0 0
1 8 5 .0 0
1 3 8 .5 0
1 6 4 .0 0
1 4 0 .0 0

1 4 0 .5 0 - 1 8 5 .0 0
1 4 7 .0 0 - 1 9 5 .0 0
1 3 6 .0 0 - 1 7 5 .5 0
1 6 5 .0 0 - 2 1 5 .5 0
1 1 5 .5 0 - 1 6 3 .5 0
1 4 0 .0 0 - 1 7 5 .5 0
1 3 0 .0 0 - 1 5 5 .0 0

.
•
-

2

-

11

5

-

3

-

8

*

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le s .




-

-

20

•

7
20

-

487
148
339
•
95
92
69
83

311
10
301
34
57
195
15

-

10
19
101

47
6
16
2

293
41
252
57
76
102
17

163
8
155
40
114
1

-

-

-

no

—

-

10
8
21

-

*

6

1

-

26
-

-

35

64
56
8
2
1
2
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

4
•

-

•

4

—
•

-

•

-

4
-

—

•

•

-

-

-

-

•

—

-

•

•

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

84
5
79
79
•

41

1

41
41
•

1
1
•

.
•
•

•
•

•
•
—

•

—

•
-

•
—

-

•

•

•

•

•

—

12
12

5
5

•

•

-

•

•

-

1
1

2
2

•

•

•

2
2

-

•

•
-

-

-

-

2
2
•

•

•

3
3
-

-

279
257
22
22
-

83
37
46
46

-

24
16
8
2
6

105
95
10
10

•
•

•

5
5

m

_

.

—

.

1
•

-

56
51
5
1
1
3

28

87
54
33
16
3
3
5

-

21
12
9
7

29
25
4
4

16
16

1
1

28
14
10
4
4

2
2

_

•
•
•

T able A-1. W e e kly earnings of office w orkers in Philadelphia, P a.—N .J ., N ovem ber 1976
W eekly earnings
(standard)
Number

O c c u p a t io n a n d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n
workers

*
S

80

w eekly
(standard)

M ed ian *

M'ln i

o f---

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s

S
M iddle range*

S

s

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

s

$

S

S

$

90

100

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

100

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

360

l

20

—

•-

89
44
45

173
85
88

233
164
129
30
53

246
111
135
29
49

271
145
126
23
31

138
77
61
8
12

83
74
9

79
64
15

60
55
5

-

-

-

8

5

219
99
120
20
8
39
30
23

195
117
78
24
18
14
12
10

78
36
42
5
14
9
13
1

99
45
54
8

71
8
63
42
21

2

27
11
16
7
8
1

2

2

-

2

12
9

11
8

29
27

3
2

1 -------- 1
360
400

an d
under

90

400

440

ALL WORKERS —
CONTINUED
$

$

$

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------WHOLESALE TRADE
FINANCE -----------------

1 ,7 4 5
891
854
118
336

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .0

1 7 3 .0 0
1 7 3 .5 0
1 7 2 .0 0
1 6 9 .5 0
1 4 9 .0 0

1 6 5 .5 0
1 7 0 .0 0
1 6 1 .5 0
1 6 1 .5 0
1 4 7 .0 0

1 4 8 .0 0 - 1 8 3 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0 - 1 9 0 .5 0
1 4 5 .0 0 - 1 8 0 .0 0
1 5 5 .0 0 - 1 7 3 .5 0
1 3 3 .5 0 - 1 6 3 .0 0

$

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING --------PUBLIC UTILITIES
w h o l e s a l e t r a d e --------RETAIL TRADE FINANCE -----SERVICES ------------------

2 ,4 2 6
841
1 ,5 8 5
165
356
247
419
398

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 7 .5
3 6 .5
3 7 .0

1 4 3 .5 0
1 4 7 .0 0
1 4 2 .0 0
1 8 5 .0 0
1 4 8 .5 0
1 3 8 .5 0
1 3 2 .0 0
1 3 1 .0 0

1 3 8 .5 0
1 4 3 .0 0
1 3 7 .5 0
1 8 0 .0 0
1 3 9 .5 0
1 3 5 .0 0
1 3 2 .5 0
1 3 5 .0 0

1 2 5 .0 0 - 1 5 5 .5 0
1 2 5 .0 0 - 1 6 5 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0 - 1 5 0 .0 0
1 5 5 .0 0 - 2 0 6 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0 - 1 7 1 .5 0
1 2 5 .0 0 - 1 5 0 .0 0
1 2 2 .0 0 - 1 4 4 .5 0
1 1 8 .0 0 - 1 4 0 .0 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A — --- * ----

57

4 0 .0

2 6 6 .0 0

2 6 0 .5 0

2 3 8 .0 0 - 3 0 8 .0 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ----- -----------------NONMANUFACTURING

118
85

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

1 9 5 .5 0
1 8 2 .5 0

1 9 0 .0 0
1 8 6 .0 0

1 6 6 .0 0 - 2 2 8 .0 0
1 5 8 .5 0 - 1 9 0 .0 0

-

•
-

•

-

-

-

-

16
1
15
4
11

*

*

•
-

20

l
—
l

108
35
73
6
39
28

66

222
97
125
1
6
6
•39
73

379
95
284
3
74
66
86
55

546
159
387
17
98
65
112
95

405
10 8
297
11
61
35
77
113

20
-

—

-

5
5

S e e fo o tn o te s at end of ta b le s .




38

185
92
93
18
53

6

•

24
24

3

44

15

•

•

•
-

-

-

-

—

-

-

-

-

-

135
28
107

17
12
5

4

4

15
2

-

-

-

-

-

“

*

*

31
13
18
16
2

23
17
6

•

•
-

-

-

2

7
•
7
7
-

-

_
-

10

7

14

3

11

6

-

-

8
4

10

11
6

2

4

Table A-1a.

W eekly earnings of o ffice w o rk e rs —large establishm ents in Philadelphia, P a.—N .J ., Novem ber 1976
W eek ly earnings 1

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—

S

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard]

S

S

S

$

of
workers

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

$

100

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

-

1
-

2
-

42
5
37
-

283
93

691
362
329
8
48
244

704
417

759
616
143
33
14
75
11

386
331
55
36
2
10

-

12
30
109
15

1214
920
294
13
49
186
38

699
583
116
55

*

700
478
222
5
43
165
3

636
467
169

-

425
157
266
2
28
235
3

542
2SS
287
2
54

30

120
20
100
—
9
85

-

-

*

-

-

-

24
17
7

19
11
8
3

119
90
29
22

107
91
16

84
57
27

12

10

174
96
78

347
218
129

282
217
65

1
21
94

12
5
42

184
132
52
15
5
15

80
Mean •
*

Median £

S

$

90

90

O ccu p ation and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

S

S

$

300

320

360

400

320

360

400

440

240
180
60
46
2
2
1

134
103
31
21
1
7

95
49
46
41
-

75
15
60
59
-

4

1

11
3
8
8
•
-

-

-

-

-

75
55
20
6

43
30
13
2

38
26

15
5
10
4

16
12
4
1

11
3
8

142
127
15

55
39
16

37
18
19

56
-

7
-

6
2
-

57
46
11
7
1
2

280

and
u nd er

Middle range ^

ALL WORKERS

1 7 5 .0 0
1 7 0 .5 0
1 9 7 .0 0

$
1 9 5 .0 0
2 0 5 .0 0
1 7 4 .0 0
2 7 5 .5 0
1 7 1 .0 0
1 6 5 .0 0
2 0 3 .5 0

$
$
1 6 7 .0 0 -2 3 0
1 7 8 .5 0 -2 4 0
1 5 1 .0 0 -2 0 8
2 4 0 .5 0 -3 3 9
1 5 0 .0 0 -1 9 3
1 4 6 .0 0 -1 8 8
1 6 5 .0 0 -2 1 2

.0
.0
.0
.0
.5
.0
.0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

3 8 .0

2
2
2
2

238
233
249
224

.5
.5
.5
.0

0
0
0
0

2
2
2
2

1
1
1
1

3
3
5
1

.0
.0
.0
.0

0
0
0
0

-2
-2
-2
-2

7
7
9
6

2
2
1
7

.5
.5
.0
.5

0
0
0
0

3
3
3
3
3
3

2 2 3 .0 0
2 2 2 .5 0
2 2 4 .0 0
3 1 9 .0 0
1 9 5 .0 0
1 9 6 .5 0

2
2
2
3

.0
.0
.0
.5

0
0
0
0

1
1
1
2
1
1

9
9
8
5
7
7

0
2
3
9
8
8

.0
.0
.5
.0
.0
.0

0
0
0
0
0
0

-2
-2
-2
-3
-2
-2

4
4
4
7
0
1

8
9
1
8
9
2

.0
.5
.0
.0
.0
.0

0
0
0
0
0
0

SECRETARIES -----------m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----NONMANUFACTURING --PUBLIC UTILITIES RETAIL TRADE ----FINANCE ----------SERVICES ----------

7 ,7 5 9
5 ,0 5 4
2 ,7 0 5
353
371
1 ,7 8 8
115

3 8 .0

SECRETARIES* CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ---NONMANUFACTURING --FINANCE -----------

571
415
156
69

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

SECRETARIES, CLASS 8
MANUFACTURING -----NONMANUFACTURING --PUBLIC UTILITIES RETAIL TRADE ----FINANCE ---------- -

1 ,7 7 2
1 ,1 2 6
646
126

SECRETARIES, CLASS C
MANUFACTURING ----- NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES RETAIL TRADE ----F I N A N C E ----- ------

3 ,1 3 3
2 ,0 3 1
1 ,1 0 2

100
347

no
101
825

SECRETARIES, CLASS D
m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES RETAIL TRADE ----FINANCE -----------

2 ,1 9 2
1 ,4 6 4
728
59
77
547

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL
MANUFACTURING -----NONMANUFACTURING --PUBLIC UTILITIES RETAIL TRADE ----FINANCE -----------

1 ,1 4 8
481
667
257
64
294

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR MANUFACTURING -----NONMANUFACTURING --FINANCE

996
672
324

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE TYPISTS
NONMANUFACTURING ---------TYPISTS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------FINANCE ----------------- -

S ee fo o tn o te s

3
3
3
3
3
3

9 .0
9 .0
8 .0
9 .0
8 .5
7 .5

9 .0
9 .0
8 .0
9 .5
8 .5
7 .5

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 .5

2 0 2 .5 0
2 1 0 .5 0
1 8 8 .0 0
2 8 3 .0 0

4
4
6
4

8
3
1
1

.0
.5
.0
.5

0
0
0
0

2 0 0 .0 0
2 1 2 .0 0
1 7 7 .0 0
2 6 2 .0 0
1 5 8 .0 0
1 6 6 .5 0

13
21
04
44

1 9 0 .0 0
1 9 5 .0 0
1 9 2 .0 0
2 0 6 .5 0
1 6 8 .0 0
2 6 6 .5 0
1 6 0 .0 0
1 6 5 .0 0

1 6 9 .0 0 -2 2 7
1 8 3 .0 0 -2 4 0
1 5 0 .0 0 -1 9 0
2 4 2 .0 0 -2 8 5
1 3 9 .0 0 -1 7 4
1 5 0 .0 0 -1 8 0

.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0

0
0
0
0
0
0

4 0 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .5

1 7 8 .5 0
1 8 8 .5 0
1 5 8 .5 0
2 2 4 .5 0
1 5 4 .0 0
1 5 0 .5 0

1 7 0 .0 0
1 8 0 .0 0
1 5 1 .5 0
2 1 6 .5 0
I S O .00
1 4 3 .0 0

1 5 0 .0 0 -1 9 8 .0 0
1 6 1 .5 0 -2 0 6 .5 0
1 3 9 .0 0 -1 6 9 .0 0
1 7 5 .0 0 -2 4 5 .5 0
1 4 5 .0 0 -1 6 0 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0 -1 6 5 .0 0

3
3
3
3
3
3

.0
.5
.5
.5
.0
.5

1 6 9 .0 0
1 7 4 .5 0
1 6 5 .0 0
2 1 1 .5 0
1 5 6 .0 0
1 2 7 .5 0

1 5 5 .0 0
1 6 4 .0 0
1 5 2 .0 0
2 1 5 .5 0
1 6 0 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0

1
1
1
1
1
1

3
4
2
7
4
1

1
0
7
7
1
6

.0
.5
.5
.5
.5
.5

0
0
0
0
0
0

-1
-2
-1
-2
-1
-1

9
0
9
4
7
3

9
1
6
5
1
5

.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0

0
0
0
0
0
0

150

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .0

1 7 9 .0 0
1 8 0 .0 0
1 7 7 .5 0
1 4 5 .0 0

1
1
1
1

1
1
1
1

5
5
4
3

1
8
1
6

.5
.0
.0
.0

0
0
0
0

-1
-1
-1
-1

9
9
8
5

2
8
4
3

.5
.0
.0
.0

188
164

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 3 5 .0 0
1 3 0 .5 0

1 ,0 4 1
490
551

3 8 .5

1 5 3 .0 0
1 6 1 .5 0
1 4 5 .5 0
2 1 5 .0 0
1 2 6 .0 0

101
388

3
3
3
3

9
9
8
8
8
8

9
8
9
7

.0
.0
.5
.5

•
-

1
-

2
—

1
-

1
1

-

-

-

.

•

-

-

-

•

28
19
9
2
7

90
43
47
14
25

19
48

352
194
158
4

335
240
95
4
6
84

264
200
64
3
6
44

*76
388
88
6
3
59

270
233
37
7
19

3

3

-

-

-

-

-

234
176
58
6
5
46

184
145
39

178
160
18
7
2
9

254
224
30
6
1
11

95
75
20
14
-

45
44
1
1
•

37
33
4
4

51
51
—

18
16
2
2
•

16
8
8
8
•

•

-

•

•
—

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

61
37
24

35
22
13
5
4

57
28
29

84
22
62

2
-

1
•

2
-

62

137
88
49
49

22
-

20
9

38
14
24
24

22
22

2
2

1
1

2
2

-

-

113
95
18
2

22
22
-

23
21
2

19
12
7

4
4

33
1
32

•
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

•

3
3

•
2

.

_

-

-

•

•

10
2
8
—
4

35

88
7
81
-

214
62
152
-

-

1

19
59

163
31
132
8
122

17
132

288
126
162
2
15
143

-

1
-

2
-

-

-

1
1

215
90
12S
2
12

29

90

111

121
2
30
81

no

1

163
66
97
7

303
193

2
-

79
16
63
2
61

285
164

1
-

32
3
29
-

90
33
57
—
5
52

111
25
86
—
4
32

142
57
85
2
3
73

no

106
46

114
54

60
15
11
17

60
23
15
9

5
1
4
4

24
15
9
7

90
31
59
53

109
67
42
37

109
76
33
27

117
83
34
8

104
63
41
8

113
80
33
2

39
39

48
46

50
47

24
19

11
7

4
1

3

4

174
58
116
•

133
47
86
-

135
78
57
6

82
50
32
3

112

77

40

20

92
71
21
5
4

*
•

36
-

-

_

•

1 4 3 .0 0
1 6 0 .5 0
1 3 2 .0 0
2 2 5 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0

1
1
1
1
1

-

36
4
32
1
-

-

-

-

•
-

4
-

39

4

-

39
-

102
9
93
-

4

39

91

-

-

7

A

55
55
19
2
28

6
10
76

-

2
19
53

6

31
3
22

12
5

149
76
73
-

-

-

11
28
11

104
39
65
2
12
50

2

at e n d o f t a b l e s .




39
36
3
-

3

-

•

0
0
0
0
0

1
1

-

1 2 0 .0 0 -1 4 2 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0 -1 3 6 .0 0
.0
.0
.0
.5
.0

1

-

1 3 0 .0 0
1 2 6 .5 0

5
0
4
3
5

9
8

-

1
1

7
8
5
4
3

1
-

-

-

-1
-1
-1
-2
-1

10
10
-

2
—
-

•
-

0
0
0
0
0

23

220

-

0
0
0
0

.5
.5
.0
.0
.0

26
20
6
-

8

287
12
42
231
2

—
-

*

5
0
0
7
5

32
155

—

-

2
4
2
8
1

2
-•

190
•

-

-

-

.5 0
.5 0
.0 0
.0 0

-

•

-

73
80
65
42

4

20
134

11
7

1
6
30

368
335
33
26
-

1
128
113
15
12
•

91
60
31
31
-

21
15
6
6
•

—
-

18
-

56
56
-

-

*

-

27
18
9
9
-

3
3
-

—
—
•

-

1

-

no
105
5
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

85
72
13
5

52
39
13
8

25
19
6

50
32
18
18

18
11
7
7

1

3

50
4
46
46

-

•

•

•

•

-

-

*

-

•
•

-

-

-

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W eekly earnings of o ffice w o rk e rs —large establishm ents in Philadelphia, Fa. —N .J ., Novem ber 1 9 7 6 — Continued

Table A-1a.

W eekly earnings
(standard)

O ccu p a tion and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

N u m ber o f wc :

S

s
80

weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Mean

*

M edian

^

M iddle range

^

and
u n d er
90

S

s

s

$

e r s r e c c ving s tra ig h t-tim -s w e e k ly ea rn in g s of—

s
$
%
%
3
. 50
160
180
140
170
130

$

$

$

no

120

$

S

$

-

-

-

-

"

100

no

120

130

140

150

;to

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

17C

-

220

-

100

90

o
o
M

Number
of
workers

1

.3 0

190

200

220

240

260

280

190

s

$

$

$

240

260

280

300

320

360

-

-

-

-

-

320

360

400

440

300

400

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
$
1 Tr 1 j 1

wLAi J tj

I A A«

1It AUL
_

$

$

tL A j 5 A — —
— —

2

101
83

m a n u f a c t u r in g

--------------------------------------

FILE CLERKS, CLASS C -----------------------------

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 3 6 .0 0
1 3 1 .0 0

1 2 9 .0 0
1 2 9 .0 0

425
79
346

3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 8 .5

1 2 6 .0 0
1 5 4 .5 0
1 1 9 .5 0

‘ T s e .o o
1 1 3 .0 0 ,
1W V W * T 0 2 . 5 0 - 1 9 2 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0 - 1 2 5 .0 0

*

763
66

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 1 1 .5 0
1 3 8 .0 0

1 0 3 .0 0

5

49
7
42

107
21
86

226

270
21

114
4

no
86

16
16

18
16

6

45
5
40
37

30
2
28

14
3
11
8

14
3
11
1C

e
1

67

59

11

7

8

8

8

546

1 4 1 .0 0

2

11
■
?

31
28

x u c •d y
1 0 2 .0 0

FINANCE

24

J
l
17

1
1

9 7 .0 0 -1 1 6 .0 0
1 0 7 . 5 0 - 1 6 5 . CO

6
rt

i3 J

1

1 4 4 .0 0

FILE CLERKS, CLASS B -----------------------------

!
1 q!
W

•34

1 2 6 .0 0
1 1 2 .0 0

574
^ ILL l L l H "i j

$

1*367

""*

1

1

9
9

4
4

„
1
1

1
1
2

17
10

1

1

4

1
1

15

10

12
9

*

7

l

1

m

.

_

*

*

*

*

*

-

-

1

4

16

j j.

1 0 8 .0 0 - 1 6 5 .0 0

539

102
67

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 1 4 .5 0 - 1 5 2 .0 0
1 3 6 .0 0 1 5 8 .0 0

159

3 9 .0

1 5 9 .0 0

1 3 8 .0 0 -

93

76

1 6 1 *00
1 5 2 .0 0
2 2 9 .0 0
1 3 3 .5 0 1 2 8 .0 0
1 4 9 .0 0 1 4 6 .0 0

14

56

69

31
8
23

26
22

21

9
61

48

22

32

20

8

i

t 1A 11» 1iIAUw

m

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

1 4 9 .0 0

jj

1 2 9 .0 0 - 1 8 9 .5 0

41

n

ie
17

6

12

13
13

16

1 8 5 .0 0

8
1
-

3

23

4

13

11

14
13

11

8

43
25

a

6

6

UKULH LLLKr\b * v LAj D tJ

2 1 3 .5 0
“

"

136

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 6 9 .0 0
1 5 6 .5 0

1 2 6 .5 0 - 2 7 3 .0 0

10

17

8
8

1

8
8

1 3 1 .0 0 - 2 1 1 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0 - 1 8 0 .0 0

14
11

14
11

n
ll

-

-

-

-

-

14

11

14

8

12

60
JJ

1 6 6 .5 0
i
m m
54

373

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




8

26

1

3

1

1

103

61

33

105
95
It)

83
37

18
16

10

1

AvwUUn 1 lNw LLL ” 1' j ♦ LL AJ j A

II^AUL

11

w

UKUtH LLLf'ixo i LL A1 j A * 4

Ku 1AIL

7

i

14

8

W 1A A— 1**AUL
L
—

32

1

Table A-1a.

W e e kly earnings of o ffice w o rk e rs —large establishm ents in Philadelphia, P a.—N .J ., Novem ber 1 9 7 6 — Continued
W eekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number
of
workere

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g str a ig h t-tirrie w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f---S

S

s

S

weekly
hours 1
(standard)

s

s

s

s

S

S

S

S

$

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

360

400

90

O ccu p ation and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

390

320

360

400

440

•

67
2
65

165
3
162

129
23
106

181
62
119

183
67
116

152
72
80
6
47
15

104
46
56
2
36
12

103
68
35
2
8
21

41
23
18
4
5
8

31
24
7
2
2
3

36
15
21
10
2
6

42
33
9
9

279
257
22
22

84
5
79
79

41
41

*

1

*

80
Mean

^

M edian

£

M iddle ranged

and
under

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS 8 ---------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------n on m a n u f a c tu r in g

----------------------------------------------------

PUBLIC U TILITIE S -------------------------------------------RETAIL T R A O E ----------------------------------------- ----------------FINANCE ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

1 ,7 6 7
735
1 ,0 3 2
.7 9
A JO

341

3 9 .0 1 68 *50
3 9 .5 1 9 2 .0 0
3 8 . 5 1 5 1 .5 0
4 0 .0 2 5 4 .5 0
3 8 .0 1 3 2 .5 0
3 8 . 5 1 2 4 .5 0

1 5 0 .5 0
1 7 8 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0
2 6 4 .5 0
1 3 0 .0 0
1 1 2 .0 0

$
$
1 2 4 .0 0 - 2 2 7 * 0 0
1 4 8 .0 0 - 2 5 4 .0 0
1 1 1 .0 0 - 1 6 5 .0 0
2 4 6 .0 0 - 2 7 5 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0 - 1 4 6 .0 0
1 0 1 .0 0 - 1 4 1 .0 0

3 8 .0

1 5 3 .0 0

1 5 0 .0 0

1 3 8 .0 0 - 1 6 0 .0 0

$

-

-

-

22
42

39
121

76
26

66
30

65
36

128
33
95
1
60
21

*

-

2

8

5

5

4

21

22

10

12

5

*

*

1

*

1

4

1

14

-

-

-

-

37
12
25
2
8

33
17
16
4
9

32
18
14
5
4

18
S
10
2
6

22
20
2

8

*

-

41

-

1
-

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

-

-

-

-

*

-

2

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

28

1

-

-

-

-

16
16

10
10

2
2

2
2

3
3

•

8

25
25

-

-

•
•

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
CLASS A ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

73

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINt OPERATORS.
CLASS B ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

98

3 8 .0

1 3 3 .5 0

1 3 2 .5 0

1 1 5 .0 0 - 1 4 0 .0 0

-

*

10

22

6

29

BILLING-MACHINE BILLERS -------------------------------------

72

3 9 .5

1 9 2 .0 0

1 7 6 .0 0

1 2 7 .5 0 - 2 7 0 .0 0

-

8

4

2

6

4

PAYROLL CLERKS --------------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------- ---------PUBLIC U TILITIE S --------------------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------------------------------------

351
197
154
32
78

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .0

1 8 3 .0 0
2 0 5 .0 0
1 5 5 .5 0
1 9 1 .5 0
1 4 2 .0 0

1 7 2 .0 0
1 9 8 .0 0
1 5 5 .0 0
2 0 0 .5 0
1 3 7 .0 0

1 4 7 .5 0 - 2 1 4 .0 0
1 6 3 .0 3 - 2 5 4 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0 - 1 7 7 .0 0
1 7 1 .5 0 - 2 1 5 .5 0
1 1 5 .5 0 - 1 6 1 .5 0

•

3

4

-

3

4

23
4
19

15
3
12

31
13
18

-

-

-

«

-

3

4

16

8

10

17
8
9
2
6

1

50
28
22
16
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS. CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING----------— -------- -------- -----NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------------------

1 ,2 3 5
634
601
262

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 7 .5

1 7 7 .5 0
1 8 1 .0 0
1 7 4 .5 0
1 4 6 .5 0

1 6 9 .0 0
1 7 6 .0 0
1 6 2 .5 0
1 4 5 .5 0

1 5 2 .0 3 - 1 9 4 .5 0
1 5 9 .0 0 - 1 9 9 .0 0
1 4 4 .0 0 - 1 8 2 .0 0
1 3 1 .0 0 - 1 6 0 .0 0

-

.
-

1
1
1

20
20
29

55
16
39
38

86
23
63
44

113
49
64
42

173
82
91
50

181
110
71
37

151
74
77
13

102
57
45
10

80
74
6
5

65
60
5
2

57
55
2
*

125
22
103
-

13
12
1
-

13
13
-

-

•
-

•
-

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS. CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S --------------------------Ht 1AIL 1KAUt * ,J

1 ,1 4 2
502
640
107

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
3 9 .0

1 4 8 .5 0
1 5 1 .0 0
1 4 6 .0 0
2 0 3 .5 0

1 4 1 .0 0
1 4 5 .0 0
1 3 8 .0 0
2 0 6 .0 0
1 3 8 .0 0

1 2 5 .0 0 - 1 6 4 .0 0
1 2 6 .0 0 - 1 6 8 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0 - 1 5 7 .5 0
1 8 6 .5 0 - 2 2 8 .0 0

•

16
1
15
-

53
12
41
-

99
62
37
-

159
60
99
2
43

220
79
141
3
63

149
62
87
1

137
55
82
4

97
60
37
12
12

46
32
14
1

41
31
10

18
10
8
7

50
8
42
42

29
13
16
16

21
17
4
4

7
•
7
7

-

•
•
-

.
•
•

•
-

•
—
-

33

30

-

-

"39

-

a

1

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS.

7
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
CLASS B -------------------------------------------------------

76

3 9 .0

2 0 5 .0 0

1 9 2 .5 0

5

1 5 8 .5 0 - 2 5 4 .0 0

See fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




9

15

3

3

li

S

3

8

10

14

11

2

T ab le A -2 . W e e kly earnings of professional and technical w orkers in P hiladelphia, P a .—N .J ., N ovem ber 1976
W eekly earnings
(standard)

1

111 ' m

N um ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e w e e k ly ea rn in gs o f---

s

$

of
workere

Average
w eekly
(standard]

Mean

^

M edian X

M iddle ranged

s

$

$

S

S

S

s

S

S

S

S

$

s

s

$

s

S

90
and
under

100

no

120

130

150

170

190

210

230

250

270

290

310

330

350

370

*1 0

*5 0

*9 0

i —
530

100

Number

O ccu p a tion and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

110

120

130

150

170

190

210

230

250

270

290

310

330

350

370

*1 0

*5 0

*90

530

570

S

ALL WORKERS
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS

$

$

3J

365 *5 0
553

3 6 9 .5 0

FINANCE

J J ' .wv™»
3 6 5 .0 0 3 3 1 .0 0 - ^ 2 2 .5 0
3 4 8 .0 0 Jc 1 . 0 0 * 0 rO.0 0

£J

OJ

Id

36

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
2*8

3 9 .0

121

3 2 2 .0 0
2 8 8 .5 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
' D U j I N C 1 i vLAj j L "

2 5 1 .0 0

FINANCE

JU t . D 2 7 5 .0 0 - 3 3 6 .5 0
p U
2 9 * .0 0 -3 * 6 .0 0
2 9 0 .0 0 2 5 5 .5 0 - 3 2 7 .0 0
2 8 9 .0 0

2 5 5 .0 0

JJ

17

35
15

13
C. J

12

2 0 7 .5 0 - 2 8 0 .0 0
' 1 . JV

1*

1

21
10

19

8

1
1

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BU SIN E SS).
AJ j W
i

25
3 7 .5

3 2 6 .5 0

3 1 1 .0 0
3 1 2 .0 0

53

10-3

86

14

2 8 3 .5 0 -3 * 5 .0 0

35
58

97
8*

88
77

37

52

22

8

FINANCE
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BU SIN E SS).
CLASS B -------------------------------------------------------

787

3 8 .0

2 7 * .5 0
2 7 6 .5 0

J

12

2 2 3 .0 0

388
*46

15

36

2 6 6 .5 0
2 7 2 .0 0
2 5 5 .5 0

2 3 8 .0 0 2 5 0 .0 0 2 2 7 .0 0 -

3 0 2 .0 0
2 9 6 .0 0
3 2 3 .0 0

-

2 9 1 .5 0
2 9 1 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

2*

2

3*
11

91

16

3*

21

10

S7

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13

2

6

127
*5
82

1*6
80

115

68
52

39

26

*8

8

49

FINANCE
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BU SIN E SS).
CLASS C -------------- ----------------------------------------

201

3 8 .0

2 3 2 .5 0

2 1 0 .0 0
2 0 7 .5 0
1 9 8 .0 0

1 9 3 .0 0 1 9 2 .0 0 -

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A --------------

747

3 8 .5

2 3 * .0 0

2 2 7 .0 0
2 3 5 .0 0
2 1 5 .0 0

2 0 2 .5 0 - 2 5 5 .5 0

2 0 8 .0 0

1 9 5 .0 0 - 2 2 * .5 0

-

-

-

rio u T ^ r c

603
68*

30

5

-

18

21
1

1 9 0 .0 0 - 2 4 6 .0 0

42

51

26

*

5

8

24

27
23

8

*

8

59

123

168

1*5

70

75

61

i

144

116

2 8 8 .5 0

J1

3 9 .0
1 8 8 .0 0

1 7 8 .0 0 - 2 2 5 .0 0
1 6 1 .5 0 - 2 2 0 .0 0

8

19

1
32
1

79

113
1JJ

55

J
1

1 9 5 .0 0

22
vU"l v 1tH U' tr\M 1U K j j ULAbo V ®
J
#
*2
*5
lOOobQ® (■

.DU

at en d o f t a b l e s .




31
4

1 * 5 .0 0

S ee fo o t n o t e s

19

65

53

13

15

23

375
7*
4 JJ

7

10

XJ

1*

Table A -2 . W e e kly earnings of professional and technical w orkers in Philadelphia, P a.—N .J ., Novem ber 1 9 7 6 — Continued
W eek ly earnings
(standard)
Number

1

s

$

S

s

S

workers

(standard

M ean 2

M edian

^

M iddle range

*

s

S

s

s

S

S

230

250

270

290

310

330

210

230

250

270

290

310

330

*

34
25
9
8

85
59
26
25

73
58
15
10

94
68
26
21

122
78
44
39

129
94
35
32

35
32
3
2

48
34
14
12

131
79
52
50

127
88
39
34

111
72
39
32

147
111
36
31

191
163
28
23

30
14
16
6

40
34
6
6

60
38
22
20

86
43
43
42

49
38
11
11

28
21
7
6

24
14
10

6
5
1

11

2
2

32
24
8
8

3
1

14
12

10
7

14
6

32
23

127
127

s

S

$

S

S

S

60
1

no

120

130

150

170

190

110

120

130

150

170

190

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4
4

90

s
210

100

100

O ccu p ation and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n in g s o f --

N um b er of w ork ers

s

s

S

A verage
w eek ly

350

370

410

450

490

530

350

370

410 _450_ 490

530

570

71
40
31
24

153
117
36
32

26
10
16
16

15
15
-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

9
6
-

10
8
2
-

*
•
-

•
-

•
•
-

•
•
-

•
•
-

-

1

2

10

*

11

1

2

10

•

•

-

•

-

127
78

706
30

7
3

6
6

85
-

•
-

•

•

•

-

-

-

•

•

and
under

ALL WORKERSCONTINUEO
DRAFTERS. CLASS A --------MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING ----SERVICES ------------------

603
565
238
207

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0

$
287.50
288.00
286.00
286.50

$
209.00
289.00
288.50
290.00

$
$
252.00-325.00
245.00-335.00
260.00-319.50
265.00-320.00

DRAFTERS. CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUFACTURING
SERVICES ------------

843
607
236
194

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0

239.00
241.00
233.50
227.00

238.00
244.00
232.50
225.00

207.00-272.50
211.50-272.50
200.00-256.00
200.00-250.00

•
-

-

-

-

DRAFTERS. CLASS C —
MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUFACTURING
SERVICES ------------

351
217
134
95

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

205.00
195.50
221.00
189.00

199.00
194.00
200.00
192.00

177.50-225.00
168.00-220.00
185.00-256.00
180.00-202.50

•
-

•
-

•
-

2

DRAFTER-TRACERS ------MANUFACTURING

133
50

38.5 193.50 203.50 176.50-215.50
39.5 175.00 185.50 147.00-193.50

-

•
-

-

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

2,033
1,218

40.0 269.00 275.50 221.00-318.00
40.0 232.50 231.00 200.00-259.00

•
-

—

•

-

-

-

—

*

15
15

197
197

183
183

192
192

248
247

140
140

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS, CLASS AMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

647
619

40.0 253.00 241.50 231.00-277.00
40.0 250.00 241.50 231.00-270.00

•

•

-

-

_

•

-

-

-

—

*

-

9
9

36
36

108
108

223
223

87
87

66
66

59
59

50
26

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS, CLASS BMANUFACTURING--------------------------- ----------

583
449

40.0 253.00 225.00 200.00-299.50
40.0 223.50 214.00 190.00-260.50

•

_

•

•

-

•

-

-

-

-

112
112

106
106

75
75

17
17

51
51

61
61

68
19

4
4

-

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS, CLASS CMANUFACTURING ------------------------------- ------

151
150

40.0 186.50 177.50 174.00-194.00
40.0 186.00 177.50 174.00-194.00

•
-

—
-

—
—

—
—

—

15
15

76
76

41
41

9
9

8
7

2
2

REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSES -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

355
287
68

39.0 235.50 227.00 202.00-262.00
39.5 235.50 227.00 205.50-262.00
38.0 235.00 217.00 190.00-262.00

•
-

•
•

-

.

.
-

5
3
2

15
10
S

88
66
22

74
67
7

46
37
9

59
52
7

33
26
7

16
15
1

13
10
3

3
1
2

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s.




11

-

•
-

-

-

-

3

7
3

2
2

-

•

4
4

85
-

—

3
3

•

-

-

•

-

*
-

-

-

-

•

•

•
-

-

Table A -2 a . W e e k ly earnings of professional and technical w o rk e rs —large establishm ents
in Philadelphia, P a .—N .J ., Novem ber 1976
W eekly earnings 1
(standard)

O ccu p at ion and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e w e e k ly ea rn in g s o f—

S

s

Average
w eekly
hours1
(standard)

90
Mean ^

M edian *

M iddle ranged

s

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

100

110

120

130

150

170

190

210

230

250

no

120

130

150

170

190

210

230

250

270

S
S
$
S
s
s
S
$
s
1—
290
270
310
330
350 370 410 450 490 530

and
u nd er
100

290

310

330

350

370

4ifi_ 450

4

4

4
4

4
3

49
26
23
19

58
17
41
31

154
97
57
49

111
69
42
36

227
161
66
43

490

530

570

115
55
60
6

41
9
32
2

14
4
10

2
2
*

23
20
3

15
8
7
3

2
2
—
•

*

*

ALL WORKERS

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
HA n U r

AL 1U K ifiU

rtU NnA NU'

$

*"••*■*■■"*

"" "

" ■■■■

440

$

3 9 . 5 3 7 3 I 00 3 7 4 . 0 0

$

$

344*50-391.00

Av* I U K i r t o

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
l D U j 1N u > y L L A j J u " *
298.00-346.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( BUSINESS)* CLASS C -----------------------------------------

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS) t
CLASS A

112

684
392
91
242

rINANCC

38.0

247.50 240.00

207.00-275.50

329.50 314.00 290.00-345.00
3 1 2 • 00
37.5 331.50 315*00 288.50-347.50
446*00 407.00-456.00

*

—
*

*

1
1
1

1
1
1

295

241.50-356.50

v

200.00-306.50
197.50-308.50

247.00

”■ * • *

202.00
U 1t K

v r t.K A I U H b y

IL A bb

A

305

39.0 2 4 5 . 0 0

240*00 221.50-260.00

183.50-233.50

K t 1 A1

1MAUc

COMPUTER OPERATORS* CLASS C

----- --------------

WA N Ur A t 1 UK 1 r i b

See

fo o t n o t e s

284

38.5

167. 5 0

164.00
160. 0 0

146.50-187.00

45
22
23
23

71
36
35
32

77
57
20
14

48
36
12
8

29
20

12
12
12

14
7
7

21
10
10

18
10
8

4
4
1

4
1
1

2
1
*

4
1
1

2
•
*

m
•
*

*

*

—
*

47
17
30
•
22

89
34
55
45

141
63
78
67

125
48
77
1
65

94
52
42
7
28

33
15
18
8
6

39
27
12
10
1

40
6
34
34
*

39
18
21
21
*

10
10
10
•

1
1
*

9

3

—
-

*

—
-

•
*

—

•
—

3
*

*

*

•*

—
-

•
*

2
—
2
2

13
7
6
6

49
19
30
28

84
29
55
45

82
42
40
27

74
41
33
23

50
34
16
11

26
14
12
1

22
11
11
*

48
17
31
-

57
8
49
*

10
10
•

_
•
*

•

—
—
*

-

•
-

•
-

-

4
4
3

12
9
9

42
35
35

24
20
19

8
5
5

4
1

8
4

19
19

30
25

5
3

•

_
-

_
-

•

-

-

•
•
•
-

-

.
-

17
—
17
-

12
•
12

35
5
30
22

71
25
46
41

141
84
5?
43

139
72
67
13

66
59
7

22
21
1
1

40
27
13
-

22
9
13

4
-•
4

5
•

6

3

-

13
3
10
-

•
-

•
-

•
-

-

5

•
•
-

1
•
1
1

131
65

34
31

59

7

5

—
•
•

•
•
•

•
-

•

10
10
•
•

•
•

6

12
2
10

5

m
•

•

•
—

14
41

14
36

49
12
37
28

14

66

179
75
104
67
22
12

52
40
12
4

8

97
32
65
4
12
43

135

4
1
•
1

22
10
12

8

3

9

3

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

4

59

74

39

44

9
6

20

30
25

18
1
17
4

2

5

28
16
12

2

2
2
2

64
34
30
14

8

•

14

8

2

2

4

at en d o f t a b le s .




26
5
21
21

*

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS)*
LLAbb

4

21
21
21

17
4
13
13

23
11
12
•
8

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS)*
274.00

a

4

4
4
4

3

-

N U N nA ly U r AC 1UNll'ivj

12

-

3

1

16

3

76

5

2

5

3

9
5

5

Table A-2a. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers—large establishments
in Philadelphia, Pa.—N.J., November 1976— Continued




13

Table A -3 . Average w ee k ly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex.
in P hiladelphia, Pa. —N .J ., N ovem ber 1976
Sex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

OFFICE

OC C U PA TI O N S

W eekly
h «un 1
standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

S e x , 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

O F F I C E OC C U PA TI ONS
WOMEN— C O N T IN U E D

MEN

-

f 35
213
391
163

3 8 .5
3 7 .5
3 6 .5

Average
(m ean2 )

Average
(m ean2 )

Average
(m ean2 )
Number
of

Number
of
workers

Number
W eekly
hours 1
standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

S ex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d ivi sion

O F F I C E OC C U PA TI O N S
WOMEN— C O N T I N U E D

-

of

workers

W eekly
hours 1
standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
standard)

-

00

1 3 0 .0 0
1 3 7 .5 0
1 3 1 .5 0

l2 5 * M

TO
j y *o
UKU tH

vLLK>\b i

A I * v U U N 1 1 Nw

tLA j j

LL LMi V j i

-ir»

U
vL Aj j

n

Hu 1A1L

1KA U u

2 3 3 .0 0

M A N U r A v 1 U K I I ’i u

rIN A N L t

1 ,1 8 4
90
1 .0 9 4

2 5 6 .5 0

a

• • • • • • • • • • • • • ■ • • • *• • ■ ■

44
125
, -r «

3 9 .0
3 6 .5

1 ,8 5 6
1 ,8 0 4

2 4 7 .0 0
1 6 2 .5 0

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

HC 1 A IL .

2 2 1 .5 0

, r-.. ,r- r>

r

rir
ny

3 7 .5

1 6 4 .0 0

3 8 .5

1 5 3 .0 0

M A N U F A C TU R I NG
wH ULtuALt

"■

1 KAL/ri

109
748
447

1 n fl U L

,

/• l- lir - n ..

IC t.O O

-.-w

2 2 4 .5 0
H t 1A IL

, t-r.

1 KAUC.

—

mm m

.

„ . m n r66

FIN AN CE

---------------------------------------------------------

500

3 6 .5

1 3 0 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD

O PE R ATO R-RE CEPTIO N ISTS-

1*230

3 8 .0

1 4 7 .5 0

3 7 .5

1 7 4 .5 0

3 8 .5

1 2 5 .0 0
1 5 2 .0 0

OU J
U* i I L L

U L L U ' A 1 1 UNj

WvrifTl

Hu 1 A I L
1 1 ,8 1 8

J u v K t 1A K l t S

1K A U u

®

"

1 95 .00

*l J
95

%r. ,
3 8 .0

„

1 6 0 .0 0

FINANCC
1*431

64

nn

1*257

296t00
2 2 4 .0 0

IbJ

___________

2 ,7 0 6

1 2 7 .0 0

1 .9 4 6

1 2 2 .0 0

2 1 0 .5 0
1 .4 6 4
1 ,3 8 9

3 7 .5
3 8 .5
3^h^5

130

2 0 7 .0 0
2 1 2 .5 0

1 .5 0 4
121

254

1 8 7 .5 0
«-07 . j 0

1*052
r ILL

CLt*Hf> j y

LL A j j

A

200

3 8 .0

1 4 5 .5 0
—U U u
M u 1 ™WU L
1 K#1 UC,
*

Hu 1A I L
111

See

fo o tn o te s




at e n d

of t a b le s .

14

754
47;

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in Philadelphia, Pa.—N.J., November 1976— Continued
A vera ge

A v e ra g e
(m e a n 2 )

S ex,

3

o c c u p a t io n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
WOMEN— CONTINUED

of
workers

W eek ly
hour* 1
(standard)

W eek ly
earnings 1
(standard)

S ex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

W eek ly
hours 1
(standard)

W eek ly
earnings1
(standard)

172

$

37.5 169.SO

AvIUnlNu

38*5

« . — -

IL L M N Iv IA N j

mm

ma

1
1

1.967
1.17*

*0.0 233.00

38.0 375.00

350.00

J

*2*.00
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS).
M ANU r A v 1U “ I N u

™" " "

NUNnANUr Av> 1 U K I N u

J 1• D

W eek ly
earnings
(standard)

133

L L L l. IH U N IL j

.

38*0 116.00

W eek ly
hours 1
(standard)

™™™™ "1
“

N O N N A N U rA vIU K IN b

* • " J " • • • » ■ • ■ ■ ■■

S ex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv is io n

80

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS).
HANUr

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.

A vera g e
(m e a n 2 )
Num ber
oi
workers

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN — CONTINUED

PROFESSIONAL ANO TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— -CONTINUED

-

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS*

W U N H ArfU * A v I U n I N u

Number
of
workers

■■■

" 1■ “

J*

FINANCE
PROFESSIONAL ANO TECHNICAL
" O N n A I W r A v 1 U n IN U

37 #5 158.00
38*5 183.00

■■■

106
72

676
3*8

36.5 159.00
38.5 1*3.00

38.5 235.00
39.0 2*1.00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
N A N U r A C 1U K I N b

1.727

"■ * "

1"

38.5 173.00
39*0 17*.00

118

n A ’r U r A v 1 U K l K y

"■ * "

38.0 169.50
37.0 1*9.00

• • • • • • • "• ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ • ■ ■

N J N N A N U r A v 1U N lN u
n A N U r A v 1U n X N v

837

*

P n U L t J A L t 1K A U t
HL » A IL
1K A U t
™*

"

**

1—

■••

163
353
2*0
*05
398

38*0
39.0
37.5
38.5
38.5
37.5
36.0
37.0

1**.00
1*7.00
1*2.00
185.00
1*9.00
139.00
132.00
131.00

69

133

39.0 164.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS).

35

52

116

37.5 273.00

37.5 138.50

51

36.5 233.50

ii?

*(U0 284.00
*0.0

53

198.50

63

37.5 222.50

112
65

38.0 162.00

38.0 187.00
UKAf 1

PROFESSIONAL ANO TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

v

LA5j

A

- - r

n A N U r A v 1U N l n o

J "

N u N n A N U "A v I U n lN u

832

221.50

52

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS.

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS

38.C 199.50

*8*

38.5 371.50
39.0 370.00

186

38.5 312.50

1*0

""
" " "

794

37.5 295.50
291.50

80

■■

358.50

3*3

••

38.0 263.00

UKAr

|t n b f

Abb

N A N U r A v1U H INu

239.00

"■ ■ ■ "“ "
NANUr AC

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS

327
N A N U r A C 1U K I N b

1 ,1

1fcM 1K A v t i » j

*0.0 206.00
LLLCTMUNUCb FtCMNlCIANS ■*■ 1 "

C

"""
NUNHANUr AC

See fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




" “*

* "* "

188.50
UNAr

•U K 1M O "'“ *■■■■

15

1UK

IN b

” ■■■■■

38 e0

U o iO

Table A -3 a . Average w e e k ly earnings of office, professional, and technical w orkers, by s e x large estab lishm ents in Philadelphia, Pa. —N .J ., Novem ber 1976
Average
(m ean2 )

Average
(m ean2 )

Sex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

OFFICE

OC C U PA TI ONS

-

Number
of

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

S ex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

W eekly
earnings *
(standard)

O F F I C E OC C U PA TI ONS
WOMEN— C O N T I N U E D

MEN
$_ _
150
145

3 9 .0

1 3 8 .5 0
1 4 9 .5 0

O 1 C - tl vU' 'Ar r' ' u K j f

Nu mber
of

261
151

3 9 .0

wL. *11 n A t

1 .1 0 8

00

---------------------------------------------------------

r A T HULL

1 L N v v j f ' A " ' ILK 1 7

150

2 4 2 .0 0

1 Tr 1 j 1 j ♦

OPE RATO RS*
3 9 .0

vLrU3

OC CU PA TI ONS

-

«

"
488
506

2 0 2 .0 0

FINANCE
OFFICE

3 8 .5

1 34 00
129^50

672
324

162

66

3 8 .0

1 8 0 .0 0
1 7 7 .5 0
1 4 5 .0 0

ORDER

CLERKS*

CLASS

3

—

3 7 .5
37. j

1 6 9 .0 0

• "**■*•**

1 7 5 .5 0

j L 1* i U'>

"

TA 6 U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E
C LA SS 0

2 0 8 .5 0
1 5 6 .0 0
1 2 7 .5 0

89

1 6 9 .0 0
1 74 .50

3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 8 .0

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

-

1 .0 4 5
j

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

267

3 8 .5
3 9 .5

W eekly
standard)

2 2 3 .5 0

3 0 .-.
352
113

Sex, 3 o c cu p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

O F F I C E OC C U PA TI ONS
WOMEN— C O N T I N U E D

480

FIN AN CE

W eekly
earnings *
(standard)

-

245
''T C

W eekly
hours *
(standard)

Average
(m ean2 )
Number
of
workers

---------------------------------------------------------

90
358

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

N O NM AN UF AC TU RI N G

ACCOUNTING

CLERKS*

CLASS

566

3 9 .0

1 5 4 .5 0
1 4 7 .0 0

3 8 .5

1 6 5 .5 0
1 4 2 .0 0
2 4 3 .0 0
1 3 2 .5 0
1 24 .00

3 8 .0

156^50

39 0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

1 78 00
1 81 .00
1 74 .50

,

1 .4 1 5

322
B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H lN t

-----------------------------------------------

—— —

1 5 3 .0 0
1 6 1 .5 0
1 4 4 .5 0
2 1 1 .5 0
1 2 6 .0 0

WOMEN
1T r 1 b 1i ? L L A j j u
M A NU F A CT U RI N G

B ™

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

3 9 .5

260
297

,

OPE RATO RS*

1 39 .00
59

RL 1 A I L

1K A U l

•"

" " "

2 *596

342
371
1 .6 9 1

-.6 0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .5

115

1 * 126

NON MA NUFA CT u N I N G

39 0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

3 9 .0
3 8 .0

140
MANUr A t 1 UK 1 N b

vL Aj j

3 8 .5

1 2 5 .0 0
1 5 6 .0 0

305

3 8 .5

1^9
145

1 4 8 .5 0

•••

---------------------------------------

___
_
r .. . r~ r~

2 4 2 .5 0

FIN AN CE
j t . L ^ t 1 A** 1 L ^ v

3 9 .0

401
77

* " * ,“ ™ * * " *

3 8 .0

558
413
145

1 7 5 .0 0
1 7 0 .5 0

n
628

---------------------------------------------------------

ccJ .O O
2 2 2 .5 0
2 2 4 .5 0

r j LL
j I L

LLLKIxO y

334

NONMANUFACTU k I N G
mC

1A I L

1 iTMu L

---------------------------------------

"• "■

t ^ f.

1 .0 7 9

"

3 7 .5
*

3 8 .0

1 ,2 1 7
632
585

M ANU FA CTU RI NG
I H r UL

1 4 6 .5 0

"* ““

1 97 .50

1rv« w- «

MANUr A v 1 UK i r i u

“

1 7 6 .5 0

PR O FE SSIO N A L
270

30*0

AND

TE CHNICAL

1 7 8 .5 0
COMPUTER

J u t n u 1 A*' i L ^ T v* A j .j

,

00

RETAIL

-»

_.

1 1 5 .0 0

111

CL A

r-w
-

SYSTEMS

ANALYSTS

IJ
1»459

67

1 8 8 .5 0

3 8 .5

3 9 .5

1 4 9 .0 0
275
FIN AN CE

fTC ' A 1 w

1i » A U u

0

KL 1 A I L

1 NAUL

S e e f o o t n o t e s a t en d o f t a b l e s .




16

" "■

56

3 8 .5

1 4 8 .0 0

3 7 5 .0 0
3 7 3 .5 0
3 7 7 .5 0

Table A -3 a .

A verage w e e k ly earnings of office, professional, and technical w orkers, by s e x -

large estab lishm ents in Philadelphia, Pa. —N .J ., Novem ber 1 9 7 6 — Continued
Average
(m ean2 )

Sex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

P R O FE S S IO N A L
OC CU PA TI ONS -

Number
of
woikers

W eekly
heurs 1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

Average
(m ean 2 )

<m «T)

S e x , 3 o c c u p a t i o n , a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

AND T E C H N I C A L
MEN— C O N T I N U E D

P R O FE S S IO N A L
OC CU PA TI ONS -

of
workers

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings *
(standard)

AND T E C H N I C A L
MEN— C O N T I N U E D

S e x , 3 o c c u p a t i o n , a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of

Weekly
(standard)

P R O FE S S IO N A L
OC C U PA TI ONS -

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

AND T E C H N I C A L
MEN— C O N T I N U E D

$
COMPUTER

SYST EM S

ANALY STS

105
81

3 7 .5

$
3 t0. j 0
3 3 0 .0 0
3 0 5 .0 0

327
283
65
147

2 1 3 .0 0
E L E C T R O N IC S
3 8 .0

TECH N ICIANS.

P R O FE S S IO N A L
C OMPUTE R

SYST EM S

ANALYSTS

C OMPUTE R

PR OGR AM ME RS

(B U S IN E S S )*

r- , -»

j

l »
3 9 .0

(B U S IN E S S ).

3 2 4 .0 0
3 2 2 .0 0
3 2 5 .5 0
4 2 4 .0 0
3 0 1 .5 0

.

4 0 .0

AND

153

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 5 2 .0 0

TECH NICAL

4 0 .0

2 9 0 .0 0
2 8 5 .0 0

1l K

Kb y

3 7 .0

3 6 9 .5 0
3 0 .,. 00

2 2 4 .0 0

4 0 .0

1t

-

A ------------------------------- —
64

2 5 3 .5 0

30->.Q O

COMPUTER

SYS TEM S

AN ALY ST S
3 0 4 .5 0

..4 0 .0 0
vl.A3 j

UKA r

UKAr

•u

CLASS

2 5 7 .5 9

4 0 .0

410

(B U S IN E S S ),

3 0 2 .0 0

/ 1Q

54

-w /
168

170*00
1 5 9 .5 0

*^2
38 •0
3 8 .5

203
PR OGR AM ME RS

6-

r
-v

226

COMPUTER

CLASS

1 9 8 .0 0
1 9 1 .0 0

v L A jj v

A

J 1•D 350•50

1*6

3 5 9 .5 0
2S0.50

FINANCE
COMPUTER

P ROGR AMM ERS

1K AvCH

1

gg

•

1 7 7 .5 0

(B U S IN E S S )*

m an u fa c tu r in g

3 8 .5

3 8 •5
3 9 .0

2 3 6 .5 0
2 4 5 .5 0

----------------------------------------------

54

3 8 .S

1 .2 8 2
030

2 6 0 .0 0
2 6 3 .0 0

2 8 9 .5 0
2 7 0 .0 0
3 0 1 .5 0
2 0 2 .0 0

285

LLtC 1HUli i L j

1Lv'iN lvlA i'iuv

vL A J j A
394

4 0 .0

2 5 6 .5 0
223

2 1 7 .5 0

See fo o tn o te s at end of ta b le s .




17

3 9 •5

2 4 2 .5 0
2 4 1 .5 0
2 4 6 .5 0

Table A -4 .

H ourly earnings of m a in ten a n c e , toolroom , and p o w e rp la n t w orkers in Philadelphia, P a .—N .J ., N ovem ber 1976
Hourly earnings 4

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g

Middle range 2

w

s

S
3 .8 0

4 . 00 4 . 2 0

o

Mean2 Median2

1
3 . 4 0 3 .6 0
U nder
,
s
an°
3 . 4 0 u nd er
3 .6 0 3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 . 20 4 . 4 0

S

t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f----

S

s

s
6 .6 0

S
7 .0 0

S
7 .4 0

S

7 .8 0

8 .2 0

S
8 .6 0

S

5 .8 0

S
6 .2 0

s

5 .4 0

9 .0 0

S
9 .4 0

7 , 4 q 7 ,6 0

8 ,2 0

8 ,6 0

9 .0 0

9 ,^ 0

9 .8 0 1 0 .2 0

over

-

109
1
108
102

16
•
16
16

—
—
-

4 .6 0

T
$
4 . 8 0 5 .0 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .4 0

5 .8 0

6 .2 0

6 .6 0

7.0Q

S

1
S
9 .8 0 1 0 .2 0

•

s

*
O'
o

O ccu p ation and in du stry d iv is io n

dumber
of
workers

ALL WORKERS
754
493
261
142

$
7 .2 6
6 .8 5
8 .0 5
9 .4 6

$
7 .1 6
7 .0 7
8 .8 1
9 .7 7

$
$
5 . 9 8 - 8 .0 0
5 . 7 8 - 7 .7 9
6 .1 0 - 9 .7 7
9 .7 7 - 9 .7 7

-

MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIANS -----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------- -----------RETAIL TR A D E -------------- ------------------

2 ,3 8 6
2 .0 2 5
361
115

7 .0 0
6 .8 6
7 .7 9
8 .4 4

6 .9 7
6 .9 7
8 .1 6
8 .1 6

6 .1 0 6 .0 7 6 .1 4 7 .9 9 -

7 .7 7
7 .6 9
8 .8 1

•
-

MAINTENANCE P A IN T E R S --------- — — -------MANUFACTURING ---------------- ---------- ------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S ------------------------

439
297
142
26

6 .5 4
6 .7 7
6 .0 8
7 .4 4

6 .6 5
6 .7 2
5 .2 5
7 .7 8

5 .5 5 6 .1 3 5 .2 5 6 .3 9 -

7 .4 9
7 .4 8
7 .7 9

•
-

MAINTENANCE MACHINISTS ---------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTUfiING1
PUBLIC U TILITIE S ------------------------

1 ,9 6 8
1 ,8 0 1

7 .1 8
7 .1 0

7 .2 3
7 .1 7

6 ,4 1 6 .2 7 -

7 .9 3
7 .9 2

•

163

8 .0 7

8 .8 1

6 .9 8 -

8 .8 1

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY)
MANUFACTURING---------------------- — — —
NONMANUFACTURING ----------

3 ,1 2 5
3 ,0 0 5
120

6 .4 8
6 .4 6
7 .0 3

6 .6 1
6 .6 1
7 .4 5

5 .8 3 5 .8 3 6 .5 5 -

7 .1 5
7 .0 6
7 .6 5

•
—
*

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR VEHICLES) -------------MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------PUBLIC U TILITIE S
WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------

2 ,5 3 8
482
2 ,0 5 6
915
549

7 .3 2
7 .3 4
7 .3 1
7 .7 8
6 .7 0

7 .4 6
7 .5 0
7 .4 6
8 .0 6
7 .0 0

6 .9 0 7 .1 6 6 .8 8 7 .4 0 5 .7 5 -

8 .0 1
7 .9 7
8 .1 2
8 .1 2
7 .4 6

-

MAINTENANCE PIPEFITTERS --------MANUFACTURING -----

1 ,4 9 3
1 .4 1 9

6 .9 7
6 .8 9

7 .4 1
7 .2 8

6 .1 3 5 .9 3 -

7 .8 7
7 .8 7

MAINTENANCE SHEET-METAL WORKERS —
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

237
222

6 .7 8
6 .7 4

6 .7 5
6 .9 5

5 .9 5 5 .9 3 -

7 .4 7
7 .4 7

MILLWRIGHTS --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

692
692

7 .1 9
7 .1 9

7 .5 8
7 .5 8

6 .7 8 6 .7 8 -

7 .9 3
7 .9 3

MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPERS ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------- —

860
718
142

5 .6 0
5 .5 0
6 .1 1

6 .0 2
5 .9 9
6 .4 8

4 .7 1 4 .6 3 5 .6 0 -

6 .6 1
6 .4 8
7 .2 2

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS (TOOLROOM)
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

533
533

6 .0 8
6 .0 8

6 .0 1
6 .0 1

5 .7 6 5 .7 6 -

6 .4 4
6 .4 4

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

1 ,5 2 5
1 ,5 1 7

6 .8 1
6 .8 1

6 .6 8
6 .6 8

6 .2 5 6 .2 5 -

7 .3 2
7 .3 2

STATIONARY ENGINEERS ------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------- ---------- ------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------SERVICES -----------------------------------------

966
599
367
91

6 .5 7
6 .7 9
6 .2 1
4 .7 7

6 .4 S
6 .8 1
6 .1 6
4 .8 0

5 .9 2 6 .2 9 5 .5 5 4 .2 0 -

7 .4 7
7 .6 4
7 .0 3
5 .0 0

BOILER TENDERS ----------------------------- --------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

284
276

5 .8 6
5 .8 6

5 .6 0
5 .6 0

5 .1 5 5 .1 7 -

6 .6 5
6 .6 5

MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING ------RETAIL TRADE -----------

See

fo o tn o te s

at end




-

-

2
2
-

•
-

-

-

-

10
4
6
-

4
2
2
-

14
4
10
-

117
112
5
-

88
37
51
-

63
38
2S
-

40
38
2
-

72
65
7
6

70
70
*

138
119
19
18

1
1
-

10
—
10
-

.
-

-

•
-

28
24

4

12
6
4

50
35
15

298
271
27

330
292
38

148
141
7
1

338
330
8
*

245
232
13
7

348
334
14
2

338
259
79
79

60
52
8
-

138
36
102
1

6
6
6

10
10
10

•
*

32
11
21
9

4

•
•

•
•

14
•
14

1
1

69
14
55

37
29
8

46

44
2

37
28
9

62
62
*

29
23
6
4

61
60
1
1

63
35
28
13

•
•

2
2
-

-

-

4
4
-

4
•
4
-

•
*

.
—
—
-

“

17
17

20
20

28
28

22
22

177
177

124
124

149
140

161
122

339
330

206
191

439
439

122
115

145
57

19
19

-

.
*

-

-

9

-

-

5
5

6
•
6

•
-

4

35

9

15

-

7

88

-

-

-

-

.
-

*

—

8
•
-

*

-

•
-

6
4
2

128
128
*

44
42
2

111
107
4

391
387
4

479
473
6

246
232
14

708
705
3

489
488
1

352
284
68

126
117
9

25
22
3

.
*

.
*

5
5
-

4
•
-

-

23
22
1
1
-

1
1
1
“

8
8
8
-

270
IS
255
1
247

25
12
13
8
-

104
16
88
•
-

265
39
226
40
10

362
82
280
146
24

540
87
453
158
229

680
159
521
413
39

213
46
167
101
-

17
—
17
17

14
14
14
*

146
148

148
148

78
78

65

118
116

135
135

314
305

369
369

9
9

54
9

.

-

55

*

37
37

26
17

18
18

27
27

39
38

32
32

3
3

5
*

8
8

38
38

71
71

46
46

143
143

3
3

185
185

198
198

•

-

*

114
114
-

56
34
22

128
125
3

115
94
21

161
151
10

42
2
40

10

6

10

6

•
*

89
89

-

•
•
-

12
8
4

50

-

.
-

8
8
“

40
40

*

•
—
*

138
138

77
77

163
163

7
7

31
31

24
24

4
4

•
-

4

50

64
59
5

14
9
5

49
36
13

18
18
-

-

1
1
-

45
45
-

26
23
3

11
7
4

*

7
—
7
7
*

—
*

*

.
*

15
7

-

-

-

-

*

*

*

*

_

-

*

.
*

*

*

—
—

*

*

_
*

*

—
*

_

.

-

.

-

•

*

*

*

*

-

•

•

•

.

•

-

-

-

*

351
349

243
240

246
246

47
44

275
275

1
1

*

*

16
16

.

-

288
288

-

-

6
6

•

-

52
52

-

-

*

•*

16
18
18

7
6
1
-

39
27
12
12

13
12
1
*

-

44
20
24
24

47
17
30
25

55

-

39
16
*

138
24
114
*

177
124
53
12

73
68
5

100
87
13

46
46
“

125
45
80

71
71
-

4
4
-

9
9
-

-

-

-

*

*

16
15

2
*

40
40

12
12

15
15

87
87

7
7

24
19

17
17

38
38

18
18

8
8

*

*

*

*

**

-

-

-

o f t a b le s .

18

•

T able A -4 a . Hourly earnings of m a in ten an ce, toolroom , and p o w e rp la n t w o rk e rs —large establishm ents
in P h iladelphia, Pa. —N .J ., Novem ber 1976
N um ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e h ou rly ea rn in gs of ------

H o u rly e a r n in gs 4

S
3 .4 0

O ccu p ation and in du stry d iv isio n
w ork ers

M ean 2

M e d ia n 2

M id d le r a n g e 2

U nder
3 .4 0

S
3 .6 0

S
3 .8 0

S
4 .0 0

S
4 .2 0

s
4 .4 0

S
4 .6 0

S
4 .8 0

S
5 .0 0

s

S

5 .4 0

5 .8 0

.

S
6 .2 0

t
6 .6 0

S
7 .0 0

S
7 .4 0

$
7 .8 0

S
8 .2 0

s
8 .6 0

t
9 .0 0

s
9 .4 0

s—
9 .8 0 1 0 .2 0

5

and
under
3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .6 0

o

3 .6 0

and
4 .2 0

4 .4 0

2
2
-

-

-

5 .4 0

5 .8 0

6 .2 0

6 .6 0

7 .0 0

7 f4 Q

7 .8 0

8 .2 Q

8 .6 0

9 .0 0

4
2
2

10
2
8

77
72
5

23
22
1

40
15
25

40
38
2

60
53
7

44
44

•

•
•

10

-

125
119
6
6

-

10
-

6

-

5 .0 0

-

9 .4 0

9 .8 0 1 0 .2 0

over

103
1
102
102

16
•
16
16

—

•
-

20
11
9
9

-

•
•

-

-

ALL WORKERS
560
370
1 90
1 30

7 .5 5
7 .0 2
8 .5 7
9 .6 0

$
7 .7 7
7 .2 4
9 .7 7
9 .7 7

$

MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS ------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------

6
6
6
9

.3
.1
.8
.7

2
8
3
7

-

8 .0 6
7 .8 7
9 .7 7
9 .7 7

MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIANS ----------MANUFACTURING ------ ----- ---- --NONMANUFACTURING ----------------RETAIL TRADE ----------- --------

1 .6 9 8
1 .4 2 5
273
115

7 .2 9
7 .1 2
8 .1 9
8 .4 4

7 .4 1
7 .1 7
8 .1 6
8 .1 6

6
6
7
7

.5
.3
.8
.9

0
6
3
9

-

7 .9 7
7 .7 7
8 .8 1
8 .1 6

MAINTENANCE PAINTERS ----------- ---MANUFACTURING ------------ -------NONMANUFACTURING --------------- —
PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

332
261
71
26

6 .7 9
6 .8 4
6 .5 8
7 .4 4

6 .7 5
6 .7 8
6 .3 9
7 .7 3

6
6
4
6

.1
.2
.7
.3

8
7
6
9

-

MAINTENANCE MACHINISTS -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------N O N M ANUFACTURING l
PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

1 .6 3 0
1 .4 6 7

7 .4 1
7 .3 3

7 .4 1
7 .4 1

163

8 .0 7

8 .8 1

$

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY) M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---- ----------------

$
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

-

6
6

4
-

-

-

-

-

-

4

7 .6 0
7 .5 2
8 .1 4
8 .1 6

-

-

-

4

.

-

14

1

•

-

-

4

-

-

14

1

6 .9 8 6 .9 0 -

7 .9 7
7 .9 7

•

-

.

•

-

_

*

*

*

“

*

*

4
4

20
20

6 .9 8 -

-

-

115
113
2

218
205
13

77
70
7
1

186
186
-

229
219
10
7

260
266
14
2

336
257
79
79

60
52
8
-

138
36
102
1

6
-

10

6
6

10
10

3
1
2

37
29
8

35
33
2

35
26
9
8

62
62
-

51
50
1
1

51
35
16
13

-

2
2
-

-

29
23
6
4

-

-

4
•
4
-

4
•
4
-

-

72
72

1 01
101

107
98

133
98

332
323

140
125

435
435

122
115

145
57

19
19

35

9

15

8 .8 1

6 .7 9
6 .7 6

6 .9 5
6 .9 5

6 .1 8 6 .1 8 -

7 .4 7
7 .2 8

753
268
485
402

7 .6 2
7 .5 7
7 .6 4
7 .6 4

7 .5 7
7 .7 0
7 .4 6
7 .4 0

7
7
7
7

-

8 .1 2
8 .1 2
8 .1 2
8 .2 9

MANUFACTURING------------------------------- ------

1 .1 0 5
1 .0 4 S

7 .3 5
7 .2 9

7 .4 7
7 .A 3

6 .8 3 6 .7 5 -

7 .8 9
7 .8 7

MAINTENANCE SHEET-MET4L WORKERS --MANUFACTURING ---------------------

236
221

6 .7 8
6 .7 4

6 .8 4
6 .9 6

5 .9 5 5 .9 3 -

7 .4 7
7 .4 7

MILLWRIGHTS ------------------ — ----MANUFACTURING ---------------------

652
652

7 .2 8
7 .2 8

7 .6 4
7 .6 4

6 .8 2 6 .8 2 -

MAINTENANCE TRAOES HELPERS --------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

546
417

6 .1 2
6 .0 6

6 .2 9
6 .1 0

5 .6 3 5 .7 5 -

6 .8 4
6 .7 8

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS (TOOLROOM) MANUFACTURING ---------------------

280
280

6 .2 3
6 .2 3

6 .0 4
6 .0 4

5 .7 3 5 .7 8 -

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

981
981

7 .0 8
7 .0 8

7 ,0 3
7 .0 3

STATIONARY ENGINEERS ---------------MANUFACTURING ------------ -------NONMANUF A C T U R I N G -----------------

550
371
1 79

7 .1 6
7 .3 0
6 .8 6

7 .3 1
7 .3 2
7 .0 3

6 .5 0
6 .5 0

6 .6 5
6 .6 5

-

*

*

*

*

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

4
4

8
8

4
4

*

•

-

*

mechanics

(MOTOR VEHICLES) ------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------ ---PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------MAINTENANCE PIPEFITTERS ------------

BOILER TENDERS ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

See fo o tn o te s

1 50
145

.1
.3
.1
.1

8
8
8
8

.

•

-

.
*

•

.

-

-

-

-

7

88

-

-

-

-

344
344

121
121

254
254

373
372

340
272

117
117

22
22

*

*

*

*

*

•

•

-

*

7
7

12
12

3
3

58
13
45
39

138
28
n o
104

199
73
126
102

184
82
102
55

131
46
85
85

17
•
17
17

-

-

-

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

•

.

-

*

*

-

-

-

*

*

70
70

72
72

59
55

1 00
98

135
135

230
221

369
369

9
9

54
9

-

-

-

7
7

49
49

37
37

26
17

18
18

27
27

39
38

32
32

3
3

5
-

-

-

-

-

14
14

71
71

38
38

143
143

3
3

185
185

198
198

-

-

-

-

-

-

25
25

47
25

112
1 11

67
46

161
151

42
2

10
-

6
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6 .4 9
6 .4 9

26
26

96
96

43
43

49
49

7
7

31
31

24
24

4
4

6 .3 3 6 .3 3 -

7 .9 2
7 .9 2

4
4

6
6

149
149

193
193

116
116

177
177

44
44

275
275

1
1

6 .4 3 6 .4 9 6 .0 0 -

7 .5 5
8 .0 2
7 .9 5

38
24
14

70
42
28

57
52
5

62
49
13

46
46

125
45
80

71
71
-

.

20
15

5 .4 5 5 .4 5 -

*

*

*

*

-

.
-

-

-

_

-

*

*

-

3
-

9
5

5

18
18

-

1
1

-

15
15

14
11

11
7

-

-

-

1

.

1

.

-

21

*

-

-

1

*

1

-

*

21

45
29
16

4
4

15
15

30
30

7 .2 0
7 .2 0

at en d o f t a b l e s .




-

1 21
1 21

*

-

-

14
14

24
24

7 .9 3
7 .9 3

maintenance

-

19
10
9

9

-

1 .7 4 9
1 .6 8 0

-

-

•
-

19

17
17

38
38

18
18

8
8

•
-

-

-

-

*
•

-

-

16
16

-

-

4
4
-

9
9
-

•

•
-

•
-

-

-

-

•

-

T ab le A -5 . Hourly earnings of m a te ria l m ovem ent and custodial w orkers
in Philadelphia, Pa. —N .J ., N ovem ber 1976
N u m ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e h ou rly ea rn in g s o f—

4
S

S

S

3 .8 0

9 .0 0

9 .2 0

9 .9 0 9 .6 0

$
9 .8 0

s

3 .2 0

s
3 .6 0

i

3 . 00

s
3 .9 0

s

2 .6 0

s
2 .8 0

5 .0 0

s
1 --------- $
5 .9 0 5 .8 0 6 .2 0

$
6 .6 0

s
7 .0 0

s
1 --------- $ “
7 .9 0 7 .8 0 8 .2 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 . 20 3 .9 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

9 .0 0

9 .2 0

9 .9 0

9 .6 0

9 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .9 0

5 .8 0

7 .0 0

7 .9 0

7 .8 0

8 .2 0

•
•
-

2
2
-

-

9
9
-

6
6
-

153
39
119
-

369
19
395
•

-

-

-

102
12

333
12

35
20
15
15

52
90
12
•
12

1 20
50
70
50
20

39
19
15
-

-

66
30
36
12

90
26
19
—

-

26
6
20
12

C
D

H o u rly e a r n in g s

7975
679
6801
9519
1952
8

-

2
2
-

-

9
9
-

6
6
-

20
20
-

-

*

12

36
36
12

33
18
15
15

20
8
12
12

96
28
18
18
*

17
16
1
-

-

358
13
395
333
12

20
6
19
-

*

119
119
102
12

.
-

•
•

•
-

.

-

-

30
30
-

6
6
-

13
13
-

2
2
-

21
21
•

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

67
15
52
32

-

6
6
-

•

-

“

•

—

10
10
-

6
6
-

*

*

*

*

-

-

-

1
1
-

S

O ccu p ation and in d u stry d iv is io n

S

2 .9 0

.9 0

N um ber

.3 0

of
w o rk e rs

M ean 2

M e d ia n *

T

$

M id d le r a n g e 2

nder

6 .2 0

6 .6 0

225
159
71
55
16
-

706
197
509
199
360
-

3
3
-

over

ALL WORKERS
$

$

378

5.21

187
835

1*913

$

5.95
4*97
3.60- 5.95

7.00

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK

•

999

•

TRUCKDRIVERS* HEAVY TRUCK
^U 1 n t K

1m AiN

1 K A 1 LLH #

■ ■ ■ ■ ■ »

-

223

-

-

•

-

-

-

*

-

-

•

*

*

9
9
-

-

17
17
-

*

•

■ ■

n n U w w wA W
U

-

*

10
10
-

391
109
287
6
9
275

223
99
179
63
119
-

590
63
977
28
999
-

217
22
195
9
185

39
29
10
-

2
2
•

-

29
9
20
18
-

-

-

-

59
32
27
27
-

15
1
19

28
28
-

122
30
92

112
2

no

*

*

96

117
98
69
16

312
15
297
297

321
321
•

*

950
17
933
922

*
-

9
9
-

20
20
-

38
18
20

19
19
-

65
65
-

*

1
1
-

83
63
20
1
18
-

*

*

18

*

“*

252
67
185
199
36

-

-

2
2
-

-

36
9
27

9
9
-

-

7.83

11 W r.
* 1/

“

*

“

*

•

*

*

*

"

“

*

27

-

19

2

.

19

2

2
2
*

19
19

2
2
*

*

19
18
1

2
2
*

35
20
15
5
3

91
15
26
29
2

27
15
12
12
*

52
99
3
2
1

117
79
93
92
1

117
53
69
91
5

50
39
16
16

62
36
26
22
9

1
•

2
2
*

21
12
9
9
*

92
9

•
•
*

.
-

9

93

36
17
19
19

96
37
9
5

76
68
8
-

57
29

9

7

33

90

56
91
15
3
12

1 61
108
53

-

99
59
90
•

13

57
31
26
2
29

65

6

30
13
17
•
17

98
11
37
28

9

15
15
19

91
15
26

-

2
2
2

12

*
•
•
•

•
-

6

6

6
-

6

6
-

19
19
•

19
19
-

-

6

6

17
17
-

6

6

10
10
-

30
27

-

39
18
16
12

*

-

*

1 30

1 ■ ' A U t—

1K M U u

"

2

*

n t l A iL

*

2

•
•
-

r* t 1 A X »

*

-

29

6
6

-

37
12
25

22
18

33

37

11

6
27

-

-

37

11

-

-

*

p **

3?9

-

9
-

-

•

9.05- 6.29

1

* W o r k e r s w e r e d is trib u te d as
$ 11.80 to $ 12.20.

f o llo w s :

-

-

29

1 H M l/L

29

W nwLww A L L

-

130

-

“

1 30

-

1 at $ 9 to $ 9 .4 0 ; 5 at $ 9 .4 0 to $ 9 .8 0 ; 3 at $ 9 .8 0

*

10
12

-

9

1

9

-

•

19
12

20
1

9

-

39

33

26
18
8

10

97

*

81
69
17
17

61
36
25

113
21
92

1 21
72

-

-

-

11
1

80
12

16
30

31

29
2
2

3

7

9
38
29
19

99

33
*

33

-

•
-

9373
289
9089
2729
1133

•

-

186
186
-

-

-

731
306
925
223
109

17
•
*1 7

-

•
-

-

*

•
•

.
•

-

-

9
-

85
•

11

85
98
37

11
11
-

9
9

90

9

•

3
•

•

90

9

-

•

-

35

1

-

53

9
2
7

2

3

9

99

-

•

22

•

•

*

-

18

-

-

51
9
92
20
21

97
32
65
15
38
12

1 91
166
25

235
56
179

339
1 30
209

-

•

9

12

138
91

195

•

•

5
-

*

20

978

*

-

178

8

-

35
15

-

218
218
218
*

131
2
129
129
5

1
-

—
-

—
•

95
35
10

239
80
159
90
50
16

2
•
2

1197
89
1063
550
**

156
107

305
129
1 81

2
-

17
17
•
17
*

—

*

17
-

-

3

•

-

3

•

90

9

-

-

513

5

106

33

•

-

5

106
1 06

980
2

•

•
•

*

*

to $ 1 0 .2 0 ; 2 at $ 1 0 .2 0 to $ 1 0 .6 0 ; 1 at $ 1 0 .6 0 to $ 1 1 ; 2 at $ 1 1 to $ 1 1 .4 0 ; 2 at $ 1 1 .4 0 to $ 1 1 .8 0 ; and 1 at

S e e f o o t n o t e s a t en d o f t a b l e s .




6
6

33

-

591
308
308
-

20

Table A -5 . Hourly earnings of m aterial m ovem ent and custodial w orkers
in P hiladelphia, Pa. —N .J ., Novem ber 1 9 7 6 — Continued
Hourly earnings 4

N um ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e h ou rly e a rn in g s of—

O ccupation and in du stry d iv isio n

S

S

s

S

S

S

S

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

$
5 .4 0

S

3 .6 0

$
[S
4 .8 0 5 .0 0

S

3 .4 0

5 .8 0

6 .2 0

6 .6 0

$
7 .0 0

7 .4 0

workers

M ean2

M e d ia n 2

M iddle range 2

7 .8 0

8 .2 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .8 0

6 .2 0

6 .6 0

7 .0 0

7 .4 0

7 .8 0

8 .2 0

over

257
233
24
24

126
62
64
60
4

1
1
1

900
15
885
471
414

104
39
65
53
12

2
2
2
*

47
6
41
41
*

.
•
—
*

8
8
•
*

S

I

$

S

2 .3 0

u:;Ui

1 ---- ---

S

3 .0 0

t
3 .2 0

$

2 .4 0

2 .6Q

2 .8 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

i

and
under
2 .4 0

5 .4 0

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
ORDER FILLERS -----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------------

3 .1 1 1
1 .1 3 8
1 ,9 7 3
1 ,0 9 3
751

$
5 .4 3
4 .8 7
5 .7 4
5 .9 2
5 .9 3

$
5 .2 8
4 .8 8
7 .0 0
7 .0 0
7 .1 4

$
$
4 . 2 1 - 7 .0 2
4 . 0 0 - 6 .0 0
4 .2 3 - 7 .1 4
4 . 3 3 - 7 .1 4 ,
4 .0 8 - 7 .1 9

22
22
-

47
38
9
9
-

56
26
30
3
15

56
55
1
1
-

4 .2 4
4 .3 5
3 .9 7
3 .6 9

4 .3 1
4 .3 5
4 .0 5
3 .8 5

3 .3 5 - 4 .8 7
3 .5 0 - 4 .8 8
3 .1 3 - 4 .5 0
2 .9 2 - 4 .3 9

•
-

MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS ---------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

7 ,6 4 6
3 ,3 2 5
4 ,3 2 1

5 .1 3
5 .0 0
5 .2 3

5 .2 8
5 .1 9
5 .7 0

38
27
11

168
54
114

WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------------

2 ,2 3 0
1 ,4 3 4

5 .0 2
4 .6 6

5 .7 0
4 .7 0

3 .4 0 4 .0 9 3 .4 0 7 .5 1 3 .4 0 2 .9 5 -

6 .3 7
6 .0 2
7 .0 0
i IOJ
7 .0 0
6 .6 1

11

114

129

131

FORKLIFT O P E R A T O R S ----- — — ------------------MANUFACTURING -------------- ------------------ —
NONMANUFACTURING ---------- --------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------

5 ,1 5 8
3 ,7 2 8
1 ,4 3 0
96
795

5 .7 3
5 .6 2
6 .0 4
7 .8 0
5 .5 5

6 .0 2
5 .8 2
6 .5 4
7 .8 3
6 .0 7

4 . 8 6 - 6 .4 4
4 .8 6 - 6 .3 6
5 .4 6 - 7 .2 2
7 .8 3 - 7 .8 3
3 .4 0 - 6 .5 4

-

•
-

14
14
-

7 ,7 2 6
1 ,3 0 1
6 ,4 2 5
232
311

3 .0 8
5 .2 1
2 .6 4
3 .8 8
4 .1 4

2 .5 0
5 .1 5
2 .4 0
3 .5 0
4 .1 3

2 .3 5 - 3 .0 0
4 .3 3 - 6 .2 2
2 .3 0 - 2 .7 5
3 . 2 0 - 4 .4 0
3 .6 3 - 4 .5 7

2809

----------------------------------------------------

1 ,0 3 7

5 .3 7

5 .2 5

4 .3 8 -

----------------------------------------------------

264

4 .5 6

4 .3 8

3 .8 5 -

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS -------- 1 0 ,8 8 4
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------------3 ,7 9 8
7 ,0 8 6
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------- ----------- -------565
PUBLIC UTILITIES --------— ----------------------147
WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------1 .1 2 7
RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------------

4 .0 1
4 .8 6
3 .5 6
5 .2 6
4 .5 1
3 .4 9

3 .8 2
4 .9 2
3 .2 5
5 .0 9
3 .5 6
3 .1 5

3 .2 0 - 4 .8 0
4 . 1 7 - 5 .7 0
3 .1 5 - 4 .0 3
4 . 8 2 - 5 .3 4
3 .0 0 - 6 .0 7
2 .8 4 - 3 .7 5

SHIPPING PACKERS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------- —
RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------

2 ,2 9 7
1 ,6 2 8
669
359

POWER-TRUCK OPERATORS

•

•
-

56
18
38
38

-

36
36
16

115
32
83
65

246
117
129

139
8
131

-

-

-

-

91
14
77
36
41

103
54
49
3
25

155
6
149
52
97

351
78
273
250
23

S

128
118
10
1

124
83
41
20

157
85
72
66

224
214
10
10

171
47
124
55

192
67
125

■96 1162
57
43
39 1119

112
77
35

205
195
10

361
327
34

156
128
28

49
29
20

120

39

1080
34

35

10

34

-

-

28

20

86

8
8
-

216
216
216

3
3
-

122
112
10
10

48
43
5
-

no
101
9
-

443
437
6
-

225
37
188
5
22

119
29
90
49
19

120
41
79
20
21

106
64
42
8
34

72
36
36
11
19

224
96
128
22
46
60

150
90
60
54

91
54
37
19
18

135
25
110
8
6
101
70
31
31

8
8
-

-

■50
37
13
2
11

58
14
44
33
11

304
286
18
15

75
12
63

-

230
145
85
60
25

67
58
9
9

133
106
27
27

105
100
5
5

210
204
6
3

104
102
2
2

231
136
95
11

73
68
5
5

149
116
33
12

20
20
-

11
9
2
2

-

.
•
-

306
220
86

198
195
3

821
365
456

603
503
100

715
598
117

436
22
414

359
•
359

445
11

72

107
9

413

322
27

629
629
J3 J
255
21

170
170

3

485
293
192
86
21
85

2

-

296
193
103
-

159
159
-

365
362
3
-

516
410
106
102

918
682
236
218

910
812
98
2
80

324
151
173
8

499
218
281
92

102
12
90
69

95
1
94
94

2
2
—
-

-

-

67

85
69
16
1
15

183
159
24
7
17

161
125
36
14
20

57
47
10

245
221
24
12

56
56

108
108

11
11

23
2
21

40

15
5
10
10

-

•
-

(OTHER
t> • j o

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------------nonm anufacturing

---------------------- --------------------

RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------------------FINANCE ---------------------------------------------------------------GUARDS>
MANUFACTURING

280 9
-

1583

464

4

4

1579

460
17
1

790
6
784
36

44

-

•

-

•

-

-

-

•
-

•

•

•

•

•

205

55

108

11

-

-

-

-

•

-

-

6 .3 5

*

4

4

-

19

29

37

40

15

54

64

33

30

63

149

77

5 .6 9

*

*

-

6

18

*

4

24

21

42

26

21

14

6

10

48

7

16

1

135

144
13
131

521 276 6
60
52
461 271 4
9
22
216
162
222

246
49
197
16
40
98

319
100
219
2
90

359 1432
341
225
134 1091
•
11
27
66
31
490

365
243
122
10
14
13

311
275
36

326
265
61

5

44

•
29

10

275
182
93
91
2

982
671
311
288
2
20

706
605
101
23
10
66

378
338
40
5
11
1

271
217
54
54
•
•

78
11
67
31
36
-

4

•

9
•

•
-

-

WATCHMEN:
m a n u f a c t u r in g

3 ,7 4 1

9

126
-

-

34

17
35

271
90
181
-

10
100

965
48
917
187

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s.




21

-

-

*

31
4
27

3
-

•

-

27

-

-

3

-

-

1
2

-

-

Table A -5 a . Hourly earnings of m a te ria l m ovem ent and custodial w o rk e rs —large establishm ents
in P hiladelphia, P a.—N .J ., Novem ber 1976
Slumber of w o r k e r s receiving straight -time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings 4

O c c u p a t io n a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

S
2 .3 0

Nua.b*.
workers

M ean2

M e d ia n 2

M iddle range ^

s

s

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

S
3 .0 0

$
3 .2 0

S
3 .8 0

4 •60 4 .8 0

5 .0 0

S
5 .8 0

i

4 .4 0

S
5 .4 0

i

4 .0 0

S
4 .2 0

$

3 . 40 3 . 6 0

6 .2 0

6 .6 0

7 .0 0

S
7 .4 0

S
7 .8 0

S
8 .2 0

3 .0 0

S
2 .6 0

$

2 .8 0

S
2 .4 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 . 60 3 . 8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0 5 .0 0

5 .4 o

5 .8 0

6 .2 0

6 .6 0

7. O

7 ,4Q 7 ,8 0

8 .2 0

over

s

S

y

S

5

and
under
2 .4 0

JL

ALL WORKERS
TRUCKDRIVERS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S ------------------

2 ,3 2 6
562
1 ,7 6 4
1 .1 1 1

$
7 .3 1
6 .5 0
7 .5 7
7 .4 8

$
7 .8 3
6 .9 3
7 .8 3
7 .8 3

$
7 .0 5 5 .7 1 7 .5 5 7 .2 2 -

$
7 .8 3
7 .2 0
7 .8 3
7 .8 3

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

4

-

4

-

8
8

30
30
-

6
6
-

-

-

-

8
8
-

5
5
-

11
11
-

5
4
1

28
26
2
1

61
55
6
6

67
4
63
63

91
63
28
28

146
91
55
55

301
152
149
149

—
-

TRUCKDRIVERS* LIGHT TRUCK -----

73

00
4
*

252 1301
34
73
218 1228
591
218

4 .8 0

4 .1 7 -

5 .7 6

-

2

-

A

-

8

-

-

6

6

-

10

2

3

17

10

2

3

-

-

-

TRUCKDRIVERS* MEDIUM TRUCK —
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING:
PUBLIC U TILITIE S ------------------

273
192

6 .5 1
6 .4 0

6 .7 7
6 .7 7

6 .3 6 5 .7 0 -

7 .0 0
7 .8 3

.

-

•
“

-

-

.

-

-

_

-

-

2
2

.

*

30
30

*

*

1
1

10
10

8
8

16
2

28
17

97
44

15
15

6
6

60
57

-

78

6 .7 3

6 .9 4

6 .5 4 -

6 .9 7

11

53

-

-

-

-

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK
(TRAILER) ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

1 .1 1 3
114
999

7 .5 7
6 .8 3
7 .6 6

7 .8 3
7 .0 4
7 .8 3

7 .5 5 6 .6 6 7 .5 5 -

7 .8 3
7 .0 6
7 .8 3

218
218

648
16
632

SHIPPING CLERKS ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------- -----------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------

168
115
53
53

5 .3 9
5 .5 4
5 .0 7
5 .0 7

5 .5 5
5. 5 5
5 .7 7
5 .7 7

4 . 9 4 - 6 .0 8
5 . 2 6 - 5 .8 5
2 . 9 9 - 6 .0 6
2 . 9 9 - 6 .0 8

RECEIVING CLERKS ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------

599
308
291
290

5 .6 2
5 .7 7
5 .4 6
5 .4 6

5 .8 0
5 .8 0
5 .7 7
5 .7 7

4 . 6 9 - 6 .6 8
4 . 8 8 - 6 .7 1
4 . 1 2 - 6 .6 8
4 .1 2 - 6 .6 8

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

240
136

5 .9 6
6 .6 2

5 .3 6
7 .2 9

5 .2 6 5 .6 4 -

7 .2 9
7 .2 9

.
•

WAREHOUSEMEN ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

1 ,0 9 9
337

6 .4 0
5 .5 7

7 .1 4
5 .5 8

5 .5 8 5 .4 3 -

7 .1 4
5 .8 7

.

“

•
-

ORDER FILLERS ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------

1 ,5 2 9
537
992
737

5 .9 0
5 .1 0
6 .3 3
5 .9 9

4 .5 0 4 .5 0 4 .7 0 4 .0 8 -

7 .2 0
6 .0 7
7 .2 9
7 .1 9

-

18
18
-

3

4 .8 8
7 .1 4
7 .1 4

22
22

SHIPPING PACKERS ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------

895
624
271
271

4 .3 9
4 .5 7
3 .9 8
3 .9 8

4 .3 6
4 .7 5
4 .0 d
4 .0 8

3 .2 8 3 .2 8 3 .0 6 3 .0 6 -

5 .0 1
5 .4 9
4 .4 0
4 .4 0

•
*

MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS ------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------

3 ,2 6 0
1 ,4 3 3
1 ,8 2 7
1 ,3 3 2

5 .3 0
5 .2 4
5 .3 5
4 .7 5

5 .6 9
5.58
6 .0 1
4 .7 0

4 .1 0 4 .2 3 3 .1 9 2 .9 9 -

6 .6 1
6 .2 5
6 .7 6
6 .6 1

38
27
11
11

FORKLIFT OPERATORS -----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------

2 ,7 5 0
2 ,2 0 0
550
437

6.20
6.02

6 .3 6
6 .0 5
7 .1 7
6 .9 3

5 . 7 5 - 6 .7 8
5 . 5 3 - 6 .4 4
6 . 7 8 - 7 .2 9
6 .7 8 - 7 .2 9

•
-

6 .9 5
6 .8 4

6.22

-

14
4
4

-

.

_

14

.

-

1

-

3

2

-

*

1
1

-

*

3
3

2
2

33
9
24
24

-

-

-

•

*

*

14
14

-

-

4

2

2

6

-

-

•

•
*

•

-

-

4
4

4
4

2
2

14
14

16
16

203
54
149

9
9

3
3

31
30
1
1

36
31
5
5

21
5
16
16

27
23
4
4

1
1
1

7
2
5
5

-

-

*

*

13
12
1
1

21
13
8
8

12
5
7
7

31
12
19
19

38
34
4
4

47
39
8
7

50
24
26
26

77
37
40
40

52
40
12
12

141
88
53
53

•

-

-

•
•
-

-

•
-

-

-

-

37
•
37
37

-

•
-

•
-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

2
2

2
2

6
6

13
13

17
17

16
7
9
9

.

-

*

*

.
*

6
6

4
4

3
*

1
*

*

3
*

1
*

9
*

9
3

6
4

82
9

16
10

-

1
1

-

90
90

9
9

•
-

-

-

22

*

3
*

18

1
*

17
-

11
•

7
*

26
14

21
18

39
26

13
-

12
-

168
160

69
28

49
40

35
-

513
33

5
-

88
-

•
-

1
1

4
4
-

19
13
6
6

31
20
11
11

17
6
11
11

47
6
41
41

27
2
25
25

103
6
97
97

26
3
23
23

167
142
25
25

15
5
10
10

54
54
-

42
15
27
27

9
4
5
5

117
93
24
24

66
62
4
4

1
1
1

633
15
618
414

102
39
63
12

•
-

6
6
-

•
-

18
18
18

41
41
41

17
17
17

210
207
3
3

9
4
5
5

5
4
1
1

30
10
20
20

91
25
66
66

52
42
10
10

67
12
55
55

71
68
3
3

56
54
2

52
47
5
5

116
104
12
12

11
11
•

•
-

-

8
8
-

-

2
2
2

•
-

2

39
28
11
11

-

-

-

117
27
90
90

150
45
105
105

131
131
131

129
9
120
120

59
20
39
39

55
33
22
22

44
9
35
35

62
52
10
10

113
79
34
34

128
100
28
28

28
8
20
20

116
72
44
44

30
27
3
3

273
102
171
85

225
214
11
11

221
121
100
72

476
466
10
9

436
22
414
413

151
151
27

276
276
21

2
2
2

-

•

-

2
2

2
2

"

-

5
5
5

17
8
9
9

90
84
6
6

113
112
1
1

26
26

241
238
3
3

193
189
4
4

536
518
18
18

678
660
18
16

293
128
165
165

449
218
231
189

102
12
90
21

1
1
-

-

2

-

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




*

22

13

17

-

-

2
2
-

'T a b le A - 5 a . Hourly earnings of m a te ria l m ovem ent and custodial w o rk e rs —large establishm ents
in Philadelphia, Pa. —N .J ., Novem ber 1 9 7 6 — Continued
Hourly ea ■nings

N u m b er of w o r k e r s rec living straight-time hou rly earnings of----

4
$
3 .2 0

M
“ofU ‘
workers

$
3 .4 0

$
3 .6 0

s .. i
3 .8 0 4 . 0 0

S
4 .2 0

$
4 .4 0

S
4 .6 0

S
4 .8 0

5 .0 0

$
5 .4 0

$
5 .8 0

$
6 .2 0

4
6 .6 0

S
7 .0 0

S
7 .4 0

$
7 .8 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .4 0

5 .8 0

6 .2 0

6 .6 0

7 .0 0

7 .4 0

7 .8 0

8 .2 0

-

-

-

*

*

-

*

*

*

10

*

*

12

1

19

185

-

-

*

7

11
11
-

-

-

$

S

2 .6 0

2 .4 0

Occupation and industry division

Mean

2

M e d ia n 2

M iddle range

2

$
8 .2 0

2 .8 0

S
3 .0 0

S
2 .4 0

2 .6 0

“

-

S
2 .3 0

$

and
under

ALL WORKERS —
CONTINUED
POWER-TRUCK OPERATORS

(OTHER

MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------------FINANCE ---------------------------GUARDS*
MANUFACTURING ----------------------

$
234

$

0 .2 9

6 .3 6

$
6 .2 0 6 .3 6 -

$
6 .3 8
6 .3 8

63
63
24
4

144
11
133
5
22

101
16
85
49
19

56
11
45
17
21

62
27
35
7
28

46
15
31
11
19

121
56
65
10
21

114
60
54
54

49
24
25
7
18

53
30
23
2
21

79
63
16
1
15

157
133
24
7
17

116
80
36
14
20

57
47
10
9
-

243
219
24
12
-

56
56
-

-

173
4
169
17
1

4

4

-

11

16

7

27

15

50

34

17

30

63

123

77

40

205

55

3 ,2 2 6
969
2 ,2 5 9
192
280

3 .6 5
5 .5 2
2 .8 5
3 .8 9
4 .1 6

2 .8 5
5 .4 3
2 .4 5
3 .4 0
4 .2 4

2 .3 5 4 .7 4 2 .3 5 3 ,2 3 3 .6 3 -

4 .8 8
6 .3 5
3 .0 0
4 .4 6
4 .6 0

926
926
-

499
4
495
-

891

5 .5 6

5 .6 1

4 . 8 8 - 6 .3 5

*

102
102

-

-

WATCHMEN*
MANUFACTURING ----------------------

78

5 .0 2

4 .5 0

4 ,3 8 -

5 .8 5

*

-

-

-

-

*

4

-

*

6

26

7

*

*

10

3

7

14

1

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS --MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S ---------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------FINANCE ---------------------------

5 ,2 9 3
2 ,5 7 0
2 ,7 2 3
S56
913
268

4 .5 4
5 .1 5
3 .9 8
5 .2 5
3 .6 1
3 .9 6

4 .5 4
5 .2 4
3 .6 4
5 .0 6
3 .3 5
3 .6 5

3 .5 0 4 .5 4 3 .2 5 4 .8 2 2 .9 0 3 .5 5 -

5 .4 3
5 .8 0
4 .7 1
5 .3 4
3 .8 3
4 .1 6

33
9
24
22

29
4
25
25

121
35
86
71

259
5
254
142
2

175
16
159
133
1

630
20
610
141
29

135
8
127
40
43

215
16
199
2
78
75

134
67
117
64
37

510
187
323
11
27
31

216
178
38
10
13
15

221
185
36
5
29
2

174
113
61
44
10
7

227
138
89
87
2

840
531
309
288
20
1

613
524
89
21
66
2

331
302
29
5
1
23

271
217
54
54
•

75
11
64
28

102

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s.




23

*

11

*

“
31
4
27
27

*

*

3
3
1
2

.
-

.
-




T a b le A -6 . A verage hourly earnings of m a in ten a n c e , to o lro o m ,
p o w e rp la n t, m a te ria l m o v e m e n t, and custodial w o rk e rs , by sex.
in P h ilad elp h ia, P a.—N .J ., N ovem ber 1976
Sex,

3

o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

A vera ge
(m e a n 5 )
hourly
earnings4

S ex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

m a in t e n a n c e , t o o l r o o m , and
POWERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - MEN

Ku 1A IL

A vera ge
(m e a n 2 )
hourly
earnings 4

MAINTENANCE, TOOLROOM, AND
POWERPLANT OCCUPATIONS MEN— CONTINUED

$
n XI. I L '. n N v t
M

Number
of
workers

w 'u
M C.r, VL H J

489
261
142

1 KM U l.

-.ft /

6 .8 4
8 .0 5

5 .8 6

276
MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL

1 ,9 8 9
361
115

7 .7 9
8 .4 4

1 1 ,4 0 0
9 ,3 0 7

Pi ^ X N

f l i . A I, v C.

431
290
141

i M XH 1 L 1%
J

6 .7 6
6 .0 9
7 .4 4

1 ,9 5 7
1 .7 9 0

7 .1 8
7 .1 0

120

7^ 03

482
2 ,0 5 6
915
549

378

7 .3 4
7 .3 1
7 .7 8
6 .7 0

7 .2 4
6 .8 9
7 .3 2
7 .7 6
6 .9 2
5 .2 1

NONMANUFACTURING:

6 .4 7

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY) -

6 .7 5
7 .0 9
7 .0 0

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
i-

7 .8 1
1r M u
\ iy *

1 ,4 4 2
1 ,3 6 8

6 .8 9

229
214

1 ,1 8 7

6 .7 3

TRUCKORIVERSt HEAVY TRUCK

7 . 84

W .« /
( . hj

223

7 . 87
7 .8 3
7 . 96

692

7 .1 9

860
718
142

5 .6 0
5 .5 0
6 .1 1

533
533

6 .0 8
6 .0 8

1 ,5 2 5
1 ,5 1 7

6 .8 1
6 .8 1

117

5 .6 5
5 .4 J

966
599
367
91

6 .5 7
6 .7 9
6 .2 1
4 .7 7

658

5*21
4 .8 ^
5 .7 1
5 .3 p

II n v L u ^ A L - L

1K A U t

" *

5 .5 3

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS

(TOOLROOM) -

j 1 M 1 X U i.M i. 1 L w 1 M L ^
K
L K

S ee fo o t n o t e s

at e n d o f t a b l e s .

24

5 .7 3
5 .7 2

WHOLESALE TRADE ------— -------------------

71




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom,
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex.
in P hiladelphia, P a.—N .J ., N ovem ber 1 9 7 6 — Continued
S e x, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

A vera ge
(m e a n 2 )
hourly
earnings4

S ex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

A vera ge
(m e a n ^ )
hourly
earnings 4

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED
$

WHOLESALE*TRADE~----------------------------1 AIL 1KAUL
"*
UKUC.K i

""" •

I LLl K
u

242
704

6 .4 8
4 .8 8

GUARDS*
MANUr AC1UKINo

$
"""

WATCHMEN:
HANUr AL 1UK lrru
2 .5 7 8
1 .0 0 3
1 ,5 7 5
989
565
1 ,4 7 4
1 ,1 6 5

5 .0 5
6 .2 5
6 .1 2
6 .5 6

""

ja n it o r s ,

p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s —
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------- —

W nU LtiALt 1KAUL "
RLTAIL- IK^Ub
"

4 .5 3
4 .5 4

NONMANUFACTURINGt

m a t e r i a l movement
o c c u p a t io n s

4*19
3 .7 0

J
L
818

and

-

7 ,7 0 7
4 ,4 6 6

c u s t o d ia l

W
OMEN

j n l r r 1 Nv) vLuKlVo "
3*214

4 .2i7

5 .0 1
5 .3 0

4 .5 2

647

MANUr AC 1UKINo

1 ,2 6 2
r Un"L Ii 1 U' Li'A 1U J
M

—
«5* 5v 1
1 ,4 2 9
96

463
NUNMANU" ALIUNINU • • "• • * * * ■
n L 1A Xw 1Kfl Uu
.
*

WHOLESALE TRADE -------------- -------- ------

172
K u1AIL
J • AJ
nL 1MIL

9"ML/L

1KAUL

JAN1 |UKi» 'U K 1t n i f

m

ANU ULuAliuni • *

*
K u1AIL

JV X

See fo o tn o te s at end of ta b le s .

25

1KAUL

™ ■■■

3 .8 7

Table A-6a. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement.
and custodial w orkers, by sex—large establishm ents in P hiladelphia, Pa. —N .J ., Novem ber 1976
S ex,

3

o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

A vera ge
(m ean 2 )
hourly
earnings4

S ex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

A vera ge
( m ea n 2 )
hourly
earnings4

m a in t e n a n c e ,

MAINTENANCE. TOOLROOM, AND
POWERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - MEN
556
366
190
130

$
7 .5 5
7 .0 2
8 .5 7
9 .6 0

1 ,3 8 9
273

t o o lr o o m , and
POWERPLANT OCCUPATIONS MEN— CONTINUED

7 .1 2
8 .1 9

$
6 .5 0
6 .5 0

2 ,3 1 5

7 .3 1

POWER-TRUCK OPERATORS (OTHER

1 ,1 0 2

7 .4 8

70
26
MAINTENANCE MACHINISTS

6 .6 0
7 .4 4

72

1 ,6 1 9
1 ,4 5 6

7 .4 1
7 .3 4

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY) -

GUARDS:

1 ,6 5 7
1 , ->00

561
278

5 .6 4
5 .7 9

3 .7 0
4 .4 0

7 37
7 .3 1

7 .6 2
7 .5 7

1 n A uL.

NONMANUFACTURING
--------

228
213

r» /-N ■» —ri #r-«

3 ,9 1 5

-------------------------------------------------------------------

652
652

280
280

981

1 ,3 7 0
1 ,6 7 9
1 ,1 8 4

7 .0 8
7 .0 8

550
371
179

6 .2 2
5 .2 1
6 .8 6

5 .1 7
5 .3 7

5 .2 6
5 .5 0
4 .8 9

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - W EN
OM

6 .4 7
5 .5 7

338
280

6 .2 3
6 .2 3

6^75

1 ,3 1 1
505
806

6 .1 2
6 .0 6

124
1 ,0 6 4
337

-------------------------------------------

7 .2 8
7 .2 8

546
417

t 02

m

6 .7 7
6 .7 3

-

4 .7 4
5 .1 9
4 . 19

i ll| T T A r ir

n t l A IL

(TOOLROOM)

5 .6 3
5 .5 7

w atchm en :

■7# ^
f

994
MAINTENANCE SHEET-METa L WORKERS

6 .8 3

6*78

753
268
485
402




5 .5 7
1 ,1 1 3
114

8 .0 7

m e c h a n ic s

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS

5 .5 3
NONMANUFACTURING:

136
ICO

163

MILLWRIGHTS

6 .2 9

—

TRUCKORIVERS* HEAVY TRUCK

NONMANUFACTURING:

m a in t e n a n c e

MANUFACTURING
GUARDS AND WATCHMEN:

4 .8 3

——

—

A verage
( m ea n 2 )
hourly
earnings4

4*

150
145

6 .7 9

324
A v 1 U K i l\ u

Number
of
workers

o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - M
EN

nA n Ur

S ex,

557
*13

205
mL

1A IL

1K A U u

JANITORS, PORTERS,

7 .1 6
7 .3 0

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .

26

—

AND CLEANERS

--------

148
1 ,3 7 0
951
131

3 .9 1
3 .9 1
3 .9 1
3 .9 1
3 .6 2
3 .6 2
3 .9 8
4 .9 1
3 .5 7
*♦.92




Table A -7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings fo r selected
occupational groups, adjusted fo r e m p lo ym e n t shifts,
in Philadelphia, P a .—N .J ., for selected periods
Industry and oc c u p a t i on a l gr o up
(m en and w o m e n c o m bi n ed )

A l l in d u s t r ie s :
O ff ic e c l e r i c a l . .
_
E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g
Indus tr ial n u r s e s ____ ____
Skilled m ai nt en an ce t r a d e s
Unskilled plant w o r k e r s * *

N o v e m b e r 1972
to
N o v e m b e r 1973

N o v e m b e r 1973
to
N o v e m b e r 1974

N o v e m b e r 1974
to
N o v e m b e r 197 5

N o v e m b e r 1975
to
N o v e m b e r 1976

............................... ..............
_ .. . . . ______
_____ _
__________ _
** __ _ _
_ _ __ _____
___________ _ __ __

5.9
*
7.2
7.1
9.3

9.0
9.1
10.7
9.5
10.1

7.9
8.1
8.6
9.5
9.2

7.1
6.7
8.3
8.8
6.8

M an uf ac t ur in g:
O ffi c e c l e r i c a l _________________________________________
E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g ________ ____ __ _ ____
Industrial n u r s e s _________________________ ____ __
Skilled m ai nt en an ce t r a d e s * * _________ ________
Unskilled plant w o r k e r s ** _________________________

6.5
*
7.1
7.0
8.2

9.8
10.5
10.8
9.9
10.8

8.3
6.8
8.5
10.3
10.2

7.4
8.0
8.5
8.7
8.7

Nonm anu fac tu ring :
O ffi c e c l e r i c a l ______ _____________________ _________ _
E l e c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s i n g ________ ______________
Indust ri al n u r s e s _____ ____ _ _____ _______
_______ __
Skilled m ai nt en an c e t r a d e s * * _
Unskilled plant w o r k e r s * * ______________ _____
__

5.4
6.1
sjcsjc*
10.5

8.4
8.4
10.5
***
9.4

7.6
8.8
8.6
***
8.3

6.9
6.0
7.5
** *
5.5

*
**
* **

Data not av ai la bl e.
P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s fo r p e r i o d s ending p r i o r to 1976 r ela te to m e n onl y.
Data do not m e e t publi ca tio n c r i t e r i a .

27

B. E stablishm ent practices and supplem entary w ag e provisions
T able B-1. M inim um e n tran ce salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks in Philadelphia, P a.—N .J ., Novem ber 1976
I n e x p e r i e n c e d typists

M in im um w e e k ly s t r a ig h t - t i m e s a l a r y 5

Othe r i n e x p e r i e n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 6

Nonma nuf ac tur ing

Manufactu ring

Manufactu ring

Base d on standard w e e kl y hours 7 o f—

All
i nd us t r ie s
Al l
sc he du le s

40

All
s c he du le s

B as ed on st andard w e e k l y h ou r s 7 o f --

Al l
in du s t r ie s

40

37 V2

Nonm anu fa ct uri ng

All
sc he du le s

35

40

37 72

All
s c h ed u l es

40

37VZ

35

ESTABLISHMENTS STUDIED ------------

418

188

XXX

230

XXX

XXX

XXX

4 18

188

XXX

XXX

. . 230

XXX

XXX

XXX

ESTABLISHMENTS HAVING A SPECIFIED
MINIMUM -------------------------------

161

80

55

81

30

28

13

201

98

63

17

103

39

36

14

$ 8 5 . 0 0 --- ---- — - — --------AND UNDER $ 8 7 . 5 0 ----------AND UNDER $ 9 0 . 0 0 ----------AND UNDER $ 9 ? . 5 0 ----------AND UNDER $ 9 5 . 0 0 ----------AND UNDER $ 9 7 . 5 0 ----------ANO UNDER $ 1 0 0 . 0 0 ----------

4
2
9
1
7
5

-

.
-

-

*
-

-

-

1

3
1
5
6
3
2

1
2
1
2

*
*

1
5
2
14
7
7
6

-

2
2

1
6
2
20
8
11
6

-

*

2
1
1
1

23
16
19
9
14
6
5
7
8
5
8
4

7
5
3

-

UNDER
$ 8 5 .0 0
$ 87 .50
$ 90 .00
$9 2 .5 0
$9 5 .0 0
$9 7 .5 0
$1 0 0 .0 0
$1 0 5 .0 0
$1 1 0 .0 0
$1 1 5 .0 0
$1 2 0 .0 0
$ 1 2 5.00
$ 1 3 0 .0 0
$ 1 3 5.00
$ 1 4 0 . 0 0

$ 1 4 5.00
$ 1 5 0 .0 0
$1 5 5 .0 0
$1 6 0 .0 0
$1 6 5 .0 0
$ 1 7 0 .0 0
$ 1 7 5 .0 0
$ 1 8 0.00
$1»5.00
$ 19 0.00
$1 9 5 .0 0
$20 0.00
$ 2 0 5.00
$ 2 1 0.00
$2 1 5 .0 0
$ 2 2 0.00

AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
ANO
AND
ANO
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND

UNDER $ 1 0 5 . 0 0 --------UNDER $ 1 1 0 . 0 0 --------UNDER $ 1 1 5 . 0 0 --------UNDER $ 1 2 0 . 0 0 --------UNDER $ 1 2 5 . 0 0 --------UNDER $ 1 3 0 . 0 0 --- ----UNDER $ 1 3 5 . 0 0 — -----UNDER $ 1 4 0 . 0 0 —
UNDER $ 1 4 5 . 0 0 ---------------UNDER $ 1 5 0 . 0 0 ---------------UNDER $ 1 5 5 . 0 0 ---------- --—
UNDER $ 1 6 0 . 0 0 --------— UNDER $ 1 6 5 . 0 0 ---------------UNDER $ 1 7 0 . 0 0 ---------------UNDER $ 1 7 5 . 0 0 ---------------UNDER $ 1 8 0 . 0 0 ---------------UNDER $ 1 8 5 . 0 0 ---------- -----UNDER $ 1 9 0 . 0 0 — — -------UNDER $ 1 9 5 . 0 0 ---------------UNOER $ 2 0 0 . 0 0 ---------- -----UNDER $ 2 0 5 . 0 0 ---------------UNDER $ 2 1 0 . 0 0 — — -------UNOER $ 2 1 5 . 0 0 ---------------UNDER $ 2 2 0 . 0 0 ---------------OVER -----------------------------------

3

4
3

3
1

“

*

10
5
8
4
9
4
4
5
4
3
6
3

6
5
3
3
4
2
4
4
4
2
4
3
•
3
1
-

3
-

1
1

-

1

1

1

4
2
5
1
4
5
13
11
11
5
5
2
1
2
4
2
2
1
“
“

1

2
1
2

2

1
6
2
4
3
2
1
1
1
2
1
2
1

2

*
*
1
1
*
*
*
*
“

*
1
*

*
*
“
*
*

*
*
"
*

2
2
1
1

*
*
*
1
1
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*

6
1
4

*
11
9
9
9
7
3
4
9
4
3
6
2
1
4
*
*
1
*
1
*

4

-

*
*

1
2

9
7
3
7
4

1
1
3
2
1
2

*
4
5
4
3
3
2
1
*
3
*
1
“

17
3
9
9
5
1

-

l

1
1

3
4
4
1
1
1
1
«
1
-

1
“
-

-

“
4
1
3
2
3
2
3
4
3
1
1
2
3
2
1
1
1
“
1
1
-

9
•
3
1
1
-

1
1

-

2
1
1

-

-

*

1
1
•
*

1
1
—
*

2

2

2

1

1

1

“

ESTABLISHMENTS HAVING NO SPECIFIED
MINIMUM ---------------------------------------------------------

87

36

XXX

51

XXX

XXX

XXX

123

53

XXX

XXX

70

XXX

XXX

XXX

ESTABLISHMENTS WHICH DID NOT EMPLOY
WORKERS IN THIS CATEGORY ---------------------

170

72

XXX

98

XXX

XXX

XXX

94

37

XXX

XXX

57

XXX

XXX

XXX

See f oo tn ote s at end o f ta bl es .




28

*
*
*

28
12
18
18
12
4
5
12
8
7
7
3
2
*
5
*
*
•
1
1
“
1
”

1

-

2

2

1

1

2
1

-

(Al l f u l l - t i m e m a n uf ac t ur in g plant w o r k e r s = 100 pe r c en t )
A ll w o r k e r s 8

W o r k e r s on late shifts

Item
Sec ond shift

Th ir d shift

Se co nd shift

Th ir d shift

PERCENT OF WORKERS

0
0

81.3

17.3

8.1

WITH NO PAY DIFFERENTIAL FOR LATE SHIFT WORK ---------WITH PAY DIFFERENTIAL FOR LATE SHIFT WORK ---------------UNIFORM CENTS-PER-HOUR DIFFERENTIAL* ----------------------UNIFORM PERCENTAGE DIFFERENTIAL* ------------------------------OTHER DIFFERENTIAL --------------------------------------------------------------

1.8
87.6
53.6
29.8
4.2

.
81.3
50.1
25.9
5 .3

.1
17.1
10.3
5 .3
1.4

8.1
6 .2
1.7
.3

16.8
9.1

21.8
10.6

17.0
9.1

21.9
10.9

o

IN ESTABLISHMENTS WITH LATE SHIFT PROVISIONS ----------

+




Table B -2 . Late s h ift pay provisions for fu ll-tim e m a n u fa ctu rin g
plant w o rke rs in Philadelphia, P a.—N .J ., N ovem ber 1976

AVERAGE PAY DIFFERENTIAL
UNIFORM CENTS-PER-HOUR DIFFERENTIAL ----------------------------UNIFORM PERCENTAGE DIFFERENTIAL -------------------------------------PERCENT OF WORKERS BY TYPE AND
AMOUNT OF PAY DIFFERENTIAL
UNIFORM CENTS-PER-HOUR»
5 CENTS --------------------------------- -------------------------------------------10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
20
21
24
25
26
27
30
35

C E N T S ---------------------------------------------------------------------------CENTS ---------------------------------------------------------------------------AND UNDER 13 C E N T S ---------------------------------------------- -CENTS ---------------------------------------------------------------------------CENTS ----------------------------------------------------------------------------C E N T S ------------------------------- — ---------------------------------------CENTS
AND UNDER 18 C E N T S ----------- -------------------------------------------------------CENTS ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------AND UNDER 21 CENTS ----------- -------------------------------------------------------AND UNDER 22 C E N T S ---------------------------------------------------------------- -C E N T S ----------------------------------- ----------------- ----------------------------------------------------CENTS ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------AND UNDER 27 CENTS ------------------------------------------------------------------CENTS ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------CENTS — — — — — — — — — — — -------------- ----------C E N T S ----------------------------- ------------------- --------------------------------------------------------

.5
.6
12.3
1.5
3 .1
.8
.6
8 .8
-

.9
1.8
12.8
.5
-

3 .9
2 .0
.8
•

37
38
40
50

CENTS ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------CE N T S -------------------------------------------- — -------------------------------------------------------CENTS --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------CE N T S -----------

UNIFORM PERCENTAGE:
5 AND UNDER 6 PERCENT ------------------------------------------------------------------7 PERCENT ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------9 PERCENT ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------10 PERCENT ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------12 PERCENT ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------15 PERCENT -------------- -------------------------------------- -- --------------------------------------------

-

1.0

•

2 .5
-

2 .6
-

.5
11.5
2.0
1.6
.7
7 .6
.3
1.2
3 .5
2 .0
1.5
7 .5
.5
.8
.7
1.0
1.2

(9)
.3
1.7
.5
.6
.2
.1
1.6
-

.3
.4
2 .9
.2
-

.5
.2
.3
-

.3

-

•
.1
-

.5
-

.1
1*2
.3
.2
.1
1.0
.1
.1
.2
.1
.3
1.4
.1
.1
< 9)
-

.4

.4

.1

.2
(9)

4 .4
2 .5
.4
20.2
.8
1.0

3 .5
1.8

.7
.6
.1
3.6
.1
.2

.2
.1
(9)
.7
.2
.5

-

See fo o tn o te s at end o f t ab l es .
* In clu des p r o v i s i o n s not l is t e d s e p a r a t e l y b el o w .

29

.4

11.4
2 .3
6 .4

•

Table B -3.

Scheduled w ee k ly hours and days of fu ll-tim e firs t-s h ift w orkers in Philadelphia, Pa. —N .J ., Novem ber 1976
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

M anu­
f a c t u r in g

N on m anu­
f a c t u r in g

P u b lic
u t il it i e s

W h o le s a le
tra d e

R e t a il
tra d e

S e r v ic e s

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

M anu­
N on m anu­
fa c t u r in g f a c t u r in g

P u b l ic
u t ilit ie s

W h o l e s a le
tra d e

R e t a il
tra de

F in a n c e

S e r v ic e s

PERCENT OF WORKERS 8Y SCHEDULED
WEEKLY HOURS AND DAYS*
ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS -----------------------20
25
30
32
32
34
35
35
36
36
36
36
36
36
36
37
37
37
37
38
38
38
38
39
40

42

44
45
46
48

50

100

HOURS-5 DAYS --------------------------------------------HOURS-5 DAYS --------------------------------------------HOURS-5 DAYS --------------------------------------------HOURS-5 DAYS --------------------------------------------1 / 2 HOURS-5 DAYS -----------------------------------1 / 3 HOURS-5 DAYS --------------------------------HOURS-5 DAYS -----------------------------------------4 / 1 0 HOURS-5 DAYS ------------------------------HOURS-5 DAYS -----------------------------------------1 / 4 HOURS-5 DAYS --------------------------------1 / 3 HOURS-5 DAYS --------------------------------4 / 1 0 HOURS-5 DAYS ---------------------------------1 / 2 HOURS-5 DAYS -----------------------------------2 / 3 HOURS-5 DAYS -----------------------------------3 / 4 HOURS-5 DAYS -----------------------------------HOURS-5 0AYS --------------------------------------------1 / 4 HOURS-5 DAYS -----------------------------------1 / 2 HOURS -----------------------------------------------5 DAYS -----------------------------------------------------3 / 4 HOURS-5 DAYS --------------------------------1 / 3 HOURS-5 D A Y S -----------------------— -----1 / 2 HOURS-5 D A Y S --------------------------------3 / 4 HOURS-5 D A Y S ---------------------- ---------8 / 1 0 HOURS-5 DAYS ------------------------------1 / 2 HOURS-5 DAYS --------------------------------HOURS --------------------------------------------------------A DAYS
~
5 DAYS -----------------------------------------------------6 DAYS ------------------------------------------------------HOURS --------------------------------------------------------5 DAYS -----------------------------------------------------5 1 / 2 DAYS ---------------------------------------------6 DAYS -----------------------------------------------------HOURS-5 DAYS -----------------------------------------HOURS-5 DAYS ----------------------------------------HOURS-5 DAYS -----------------------------------------HOURS-6 DAYS ----------------------------------------HOURS
5 1 / 2 DAYS ---------------------------------------------6 DAYS ------------------------------------------------------

(10)
(1 0 )
(1 0 )
1

100

100

-

( 10 )
(10)
( 10 )

-

-

3
( 10 )
1
( 10 )
-

3
2
( 10 )
-

-

(10)
•

6
6
(10)
1
84
( 10)

2
-

2
1
•

1
•

10
10
( 10 )
(10)
( 10 )
80
( 10 )
79
(1 0 )
1
(1 0 )
(1 0 )
(10)
(1 0 )
(1 0 )
(10)
1
(1 0 )
(1 0 )
(1 0 )

2
1
1
(1 0 )
1
1
(1 0)
(10)
-

15
15
(1 0 )
•
(10)
73
—
72
1
(10)
(10)
1
(10)
(10)
2
1
•
1

39.7

39.7

39.5

84

lflO

10Q

100

m
•
-

•
•
-

•
•
•
96
—
96
•
—
—
2
2
-

100

lo o

100

-

-

-

1
1

•
-

4
-

•
.

(10)
•
•
-

4
•
3
•
-

•
-

•
•

( 10 )
( 10 )
2
•
97
—
97
-

2
32
32
50
—
50
•
2
1
2
2

1
-r
•

7
7
•
1
74
—
71
4
2
•
•
2
•
10
-

lo o

100

100

•

2
-

-

(1 0 )
1
11
(1 0 )
4
(1 0 )

-

-

-

-

-

•

-

9
-

-

(1 0 )
(10)
1
1
1
38
38
(10)
(1 0 )
1
2
1
1
36
•
36
.
•
(10)
(1 0 )
(10)
(10)
-

( 10 )
24
24
•
3
4
1
1
S9
—
59
•
•
(1 0 )
(1 0 )
(1 0 )
-

38.1

38.9

37.6

-

-

100

-

•
-

—
-

6
-

1
2
18
1
7

-

1
1
3
1
2
46
46
3
3
11
—
11
—
*

23
5
(1 0)
-

•

-

(1 0 )
1
14
1
4
(1 0 )
1
(10)
1
1
1
47
47
(10)
(10)
•
2
2
1
23
—
23
•
(10)
*

4
4
1

100

100

-

•
3
•
-

—
-

-

35
35
56
—
56
—
-

43
43
1
2
14
37
—
37
.
-

-

•

-

(1 0 )
-

3
61
61
29
—
29
•
*

-

—
49
49
•
(1 0 )
21
—
21
•
•
(10)
—
*

AVERAGE SCHEDULED
WEEKLY HOURS
ALL WEEKLY W
ORK SCHEDULES --------------------

*

The

See

le a s t

fo o t n o t e

com m on
at




end

sc h e d u le s

are

40.2

39.9

38.9

not p r e se n te d .

of ta b le s .

30

39.8

38.7

38.5

38.1

37.2

37.4

T able B -4 .

Annual paid holidays for fu ll-tim e w orkers in Philadelphia, P a.—N .J ., Novem ber 1976
P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m

A ll
in d u s t r i e s

M anu­
fa c t u r in g

Nonm anu­
fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic
u tilit ie s

w orkers

O ffic e

W h o l e s a le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

S e rv ic es

A ll
in d u s t r i e s

M anu­
Nonm anu­
f a c t u r in g f a c t u r in g

P u b l ic
u t il it ie s

W h o le s a le
tr a d e

R e ta il
tr a d e

F in a n c e

S e rv ic e s

PERCENT OF WORKERS
ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS ----------------------

100

IN ESTABLISHMENTS NOT PROVIDING
PAID HOLIDAYS ----------------------------------------IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVIDING
PAID HOLIDAYS -----------------------------------------

2

-

5

•

98

100

95

100

9 .6

10.0

8.7

10.5

10.0

(1 0 )
1
1
68
3
4
20
3
-

6
3
1
2
•
14
2
36
3
20
5
4
1
2
-

100
100
100
99
99
99
99
98
98
30
30
27
23
3
3
-

100
100
94
93
90
88
88
74
74
36
35
12
7
3
3
2

100

lno

10Q

100

loo

loo

(1 0 )

-

(10)

-

-

-

-

i

99

loo

99

100

100

100

100

99

8 .3

10.3

10.1

10.3

10.3

9 .4

8.1

11.4

9.3

9
13
28
(1 0 )
13
(1 0 )
10
1
5
-

2
1
5
1
6
4
10
7
24
2
10
2
17
(1 0 )
7
2
1

(1 0 )
1

-

8
13
6
35
4
12
5
5
2
2

(1 0 )
6
(1 0 )
8
2
8
7
18
(1 0 )
9
4
24
(1 0 )
9
1
(10)

(1 0)
2
5
1
6
4
55
(10)
5
22
-

5
1
5
11
5
12
6
32
3
16
1
1
—
1

13
30
4
6
5
25
4
14
1
•
*

•
2
9
1
6
7
9
6
40
( 10 )
17
3
*

4
1
7
8
6
18
17
19
—
16
3
—
(1 0 )
*

79
79
70
57
57
29
29
16
15
6
6
5
5
-

99
99
98
93
92
85
84
71
67
40
39
29
27
10
10
2

100
100
99
96
96
92
91
71
68
30
27
14
14
9
9
4
2

99
99
97
91
90
82
80
72
66
47
46
38
35
10
10
1
(1 0 )

100
100
100
98
98
93
92
86
82
27
27
27
22
-

100
loo
95
90
88
77
72
60
60
22
21
3
2
1
1
1
1

100
100
87
58
54
48
48
19
14
1
1
•
-

100
100
100
98
98
89
89
88
83
75
75
66
63
20
19
3

99
99
95
88
87
79
73
55
42
19
19
3
3
(10)
(10)
(1 0 )

100

100

•

2

21

100

98

79

7.5

loo

.

100

loo

100

100

100

AVERAGE NUMBER OF PAID HOLIDAYS
FOR WORKERS IN ESTABLISHMENTS
PROVIDING HOLIDAYS ------------------------------PERCENT OF WORKERS BY NUMBER
OF PAID HOLIDAYS PROVIDEO
1 HOLIDAY -----------------------------------------------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY ----------------------------------2 HOLIDAYS — — — — — — — — — — — —
6 HOLIDAYS ---------------------------------------------------PLUS 1 OR MORE HALF DAYS ---------------7 HOLIDAYS ---------------------------------------------------PLUS 1 OR MORE HALF DAYS --------— —
8 HOLIDAYS ---------------------------------------------------PLUS 1 OR MORE HALF DAYS ---------------9 HOLIDAYS------------------ --------------------------------PLUS 1 OR MORE HALF DAYS --------—
10 HOLIDAYS
PLUS 1 OR MORE HALF DAYS —
——
11 HOLID AY S----- --------------------------- -------- -------PLUS 1 OR MORE HALF DAYS — -----------12 HOLIDAYS -------------------------------------------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY ----------------------------------13 HOLIDAYS -------------------------------------------------14 HOLIDAYS ---------------- -------- — -------------------15 HOLIDAYS --------------------------------------------------

(1 0 )
(1 0 )
1
4
(1 0 )
9
1
10
2
14
4
27
1
11
1
6
1
3
1
2

(1 0 )
4
1
8
3
16
4
26
1
16
6
1
4
2
3

98
97
93
84
83
73
72
57
54
26
26
14
13
7
6
3
2

100
100
97
93
92
83
81
65
62
34
33
17
17
10
9
5
3

3

(10)
1
2
6
(10>
17
(1 0 )
13
(1 0 )
12
2
27
(10)
4
2
6
1
(1 0 )

1
2
5
8
“
34
15
18
4
10
1
-

3

1
3

3

PERCENT OF WORKERS BY TOTAL
PAID HOLIDAY TIME PROVIDED1
1
2 DAYS OR MORE-------------------- ----------------------6 DAYS OR MORE -------------------------------------------7 DAYS OR MORE ------------------------------------------7 1 / 2 DAYS OR MORE------------ ----------------------8 DAYS OR MORE -------------------------------------------8 1 / 2 DAYS OR MORE---------------------------— —
9 DAYS OR MORE------------------------------------- -----9 1 / 2 DAYS OR MORE ----------------------------------10 DAYS OR MORE ----------------------------------------10 1 / 3 DAYS OR MORE --------- ----------------------11 DAYS OR MORE ----------------------------------------11 1 / 2 DAYS OR MORE---------------- ---------- -----12 DAYS OR MORE-------------------------—
—
12 1 / 2 DAYS OR MORE---------------- — — -------13 DAYS OR MORE ----------------------------------------14 DAYS OR MORE---------------------- ------— -------15 DAYS
*

S ee fo o tn o te s

94
92
86
69
68
55
55
43
41
13
13
9
7
1
1
(10)

96
91
83
48
48
33
33
15
11
1
1
-

1

at en d o f t a b l e s .




31

Table B -5.

Paid vacation provisions for fu ll-tim e w orkers in Philadelphia, Pa. —N .J ., Novem ber 1976
Plant w o rk e i s
Item

All
in dustr ies

Nonmanu­
Manu­
facturing facturing

Pu bli c
utilities

O ffi c e workers

Wholes ale
trade

Retail
trade

Services

All
Manu­
Nonmanuindustries fa cturing factur ing

Pu blic
Wholes ale
trade
util it ie s

Retail
trade

F inance

Services

100

100

100

PERCENT OF WORKERS
ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS ---------------------IN ESTABLISHMENTS NOT PROVIDING
PAID VACATIONS --------------------------------------IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVIOING
PAID VACATIONS --------------------------------------LENGTH-OF-TIME PAYMENT -------------------PERCENTAGE PAYMENT ----------------------------OTHER PAYMENT ---------------------------------------

100

100

1

100

100

100

100

2

loo

100

100

100

100

4

ICO

4

96
87
9
-

96
82
10
4

100
99
(10)
1

100
98
(1 0 )
2

100
99
(1 0 )
(1 0 )

100
100
-

.
100
100
•
•

100
100
•

100
98
1
(1 0 )

10
35
4
1

11
23
(10)
5

10
56
16
17

15
46
5
(1 0 )

19
81
-

25
75
-

35
65
*

2
(10)
97
1
*

14
81
5
*

1
do)
94
2
2
(10)
“

1
•
99
-

6
94
-

99
1

—

*

•
98
2
*

3
(10)
73
14
6
3
“

I
(10)
93
3
2

(1 0 )
99
-

3
94
2
1

99
“
1

—
98
2

3
(10)
66
21
5

*

*
*
*

99
85
9
5

100
82
11
7

98
91
6
1

100
98
2
-

100
99
1

6 MONTHS OF SERVICES
UNOER 1 WEEK ------------------------------------1 WEEK -------------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS -----------2 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------

17
20
4
1

23
15
6
(1 0 )

8
29
(1 0)
1

1
55
-

6
19
-

4
22
(1 0 )
1

20
20
(10)

10
49
10
7

10
47
10
3

10
51
9
9

5
75
-

1 YEAR OF SERVICES
UNDER I WEEK ------------------------------------1 WEEK -------------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS -----------2 WEEKS-------------- ------------ ---------- — - —
OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS -----------3 WEEKS----- ------------ --— ----------- ---------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS-----------

57
4
33
1
4
(1 0 )

58
5
29
1
6
(1 0 )

55
2
40
(1 0 )
-

40
4
55
-

77
4
19
-

54
42
•
-

66
4
26
(1 0 )
*

(1 0 )
12
(1C)
84
1
2
(1 0 )

( 10 )
12
(10)
81
3
3
1

12
do)
87
1
-

2 YEARS OF SERVICES
1 WEEK -------------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS — •
—
2 WEEKS -----------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS — —
3 WEEKS----------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS -----------4 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------

27
8
54
3
6
<lo>
1

31
13
42
4
8
(10)
1

21
1
73
1
2
-

4
3
92
1
-

58
2
37
3
*

14
79
3

30
1
61
4

1
(10)
88
4
6
1
-

2
1
79
6
11
1
*

5
5
75
5
8
(10)
1
-

3
8
69
7
12
( 10 )
1

10
( 10 )
83
1
3
-

96
4
-

16
2
77
5
-

4
89
3

1
(10)
88
5
6

*

*

1
1
78
a
12

-

loo
100
-

AMOUNT OE PAID VACATION AFTERS12

3 YEARS OF SERVICES
1 WEEK-------------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS -----------2 WEEKS
— —
— ——
—
—
OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS -----------3 WEEKS
OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS -----------4 WEEKS — — — — — — — — —
OVER 4 AND UNDER 5 WEEKS — —
OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS - — —
4 YEARS OF SERVICES
1 WEEK —
— — — — — —— —
OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS -----------2 WEEKS — — — — — —
——
OVER 2 ANO UNDER 3 WEEKS — —
3 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS -----------4 WEEKS — — — — — — — — —
—
OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS ------------

S e e fo o tn o te s

*
4
4

-

77

3
6
72

5

7

8
(1 0 )
1

12
(1 0 )
1

7
1
85
1
3

•
*

*

*

*

*

-

(io>
(1 0 )
(10)

-

16
2

-

96
4

77

89

5
-

-

-

88
5

3

9

6
-

•
*

4

*

at en d o f t a b l e s .




30
57
9

32

16
4
67

-

l

d o

(10)
1

-

.

(1 0 )
do)

1

1
1
78
8
12

l
(10)
94
3
2

-

do)

1

(1 0 )

*

—
*

’

2
3

*

3

-

-

-

•
-

99

94
2
1

99

98

67

-

-

21

1

2

-

*
*

(1 0 )

-

—

2
(10)

5
*
2
3

Table B -5 .

Paid vacation provisions for fu ll-tim e w orkers in Philadelphia, Pa. —N .J., Novem ber 1 9 7 6 — Continued
Plant w o r k e r s
Item

amount

of

paid

All
industries

vacation

after

Manu­
Nonmanu­
fa cturing facturing

Pu bl ic
utilities

O ffi c e w o r k e r s

Whol es ale
trade

Retail
trade

Services

All
Manu­ Nonmanu­
industries facturing facturing

Pu bli c
utilities

W hol es ale
trade

Retail
trade

F inance

Services

12 -

CONTINUED

5 YEARS OF SERVICES
j y££K —
— ■
»
OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS -----------2 WEEKS — — —
—
—
—
OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS -----------3 WEEKS — — — — — — — — — —
OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS -----------4 WEEKS -----------------------------------------------OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS ------------

1? YEARS OF SERVICES
1 WEEK — — — —
—
—
—
OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS -----------2 WEEKS -----------------------------------------------OVER 2 ANO UNDER 3 WEEKS -----------3 WEEKS — — — — —
—
——
OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS -----------4 WEEKS -----------------------------------------------OVER 4 AND UNDER 5 WEEKS -----------OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS -----------6 WEEKS
— •
OVER 7 AND UNDER 8 WEEKS ------------

See

fo o tn o te s

at




2
58
36
-

3
1
68
2
24
•
-

I
1
8
2
73
5
8
(1 0 )
1
-

(1 0 )
1
7
3
69
8
10
1
1
-

1 WEEK — — — — — —- — — — — — —
2
3
•
1
12
20
10
(1 0 )
1
1
(10)
64
82
94
78
3
4
1
2
11
3
—
—
—
*
-

1
1
7
2
71

(1 0 )
1
6
3
66
11
13
1

3
1
9
1
79
1
4
•
•
-

7

9
(10)
1
-

1
“

IS YEARS OF SERVICES
OVER I AND UNDER 2 WEEKS -----------2 WEEKS — — — — —
——
—
OVER 2 ANO UNDER 3 WEEKS -----------3 WEEKS ------------------------------- ------------—
OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS -----------4 WEEKS — — — — — — —
— —
OVER 4 AND UNDER 5 WEEKS — —
5 WEEKS — — — — —
—
— —
OVER 5 ANO UNDER 6 WEEKS — —
^ WEEKS — — —
—
»»» — —
»■» —
OVER 7 AND UNDER 8 WEEKS ------------

70
4
26
•
-

(1 0 )
i
60
7
27
2
2
-

10 YEARS OF SERVICE:
OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS -----------2 WEEKS ------------------------------------- - -------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS -----------3 WEEKS -----------------------------------------------OVER 3 ANO UNDER 4 WEEKS ------—
4 WEEKS — —
— —
— ——
OVER 4 AND UNDER 5 WEEKS -----------OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS -----------6 WEEKS -----------------------------------------------OVER 7 AND UNDER 8 WEEKS — --------

•
92
4
4
•
-

i
i
63
5
26
1
1
-

1
1
5
(1 0 )
43
6
41
1
1
1

(1 0 )
1
5
(1 0 )
42
10
39
1
1
1

-

•
•
(10)
(10)
93
4
3
•
-

ie
l
66
5
11
•
—
*

1 WEEK — — — — — ——
—
—
3
1
6
(10)
7
1
(1 0 )
55
41
43
•
(10)
32
56
42
3
4
1
3
(1 0 )
—
«•
•

2
12
82
(1 0 )
*
— —

-2
—
11
32
52
—
-

end o f t a b l e s .

33

12
4
56
5
19
—
-

(10)
(1 0 )
59
9
30
1
1
1

(10)
i
54
11
30
2
(10)
1

(10)
(1 0 )
62
7
30
1
(10)

88
12
—
—

—
—
74
1
25
—
—
—

66
34
—
—

60
8
31
1
—

(1 0 )
(1 0 )
28
25
42
—
2
3

12
4
11
2
60
(10)
7
—
—
-

(10)
(10)
5
1
83
2

(1 0 )
(10)
2
1
82
4

(1 0 )
(10)
6
1
84
(1 0 )

—
6
••
87
1

7

7

1
(1 0 )
(1 0 )

2
*
1

(10)
*

—
24
55
1
20
—
—
—
—

-

7

—
1
2
97
—
(10)
—
—

(1 0 )
(10)
4
8
73
1
10
—
3
*

12
4
9
2
62
(1 0 )

( 10 )
( 10 )
4
1
78
5
10
1
( 10 )
•
(1 0 )

( 10 )
( 10 )
2
1

(10)
(10)
5
1
83
3
a
(1 0 )
*

1
2
91
4
3
—
*

—
18
—
59
1
22
•—
-

(1 0 )
(1 0 )
3
(10)
44
6
45
1
(10)
(10)
(10)

(10)
(10)
1
(1 0 )
29
10
55
2
(10)
—
1

(10)
4
“
53
4
39
(10)
(10)
-

—
1
50
4
45
—
—
—

—
—
16
—
35
—
47
—
1
—
-

7

—
12
4
7
59
1
13
—
-

71

10
13
2
—
1

3
97
(10)
—

3
96
1
—
*
—
—•
1
—
35
65
—
—
-

7

•
•-

•4
84
4
7
—
—
*

( 10 )
( 10 )
4

—
2
—
60
7
30
•
—
•
•

(1 0 )
—
4
—
59
(10)
34
—
—
3
•-

7

74
1
11
—
3
••
—

Table B -5 .

Paid vacation provisions for fu ll-tim e w orkers in Philadelphia, Pa. —N .J ., Novem ber 197 6 — Continued
O ff ic e w o r k e r s

Plant w o r k e r s
Item

Pu bl ic
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail
trade

All
in dustries

Nonmanu­
Manu­
facturing facturing

20 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK---------------- — — — —
OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS -----------2 WEEKS -----------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS -----------3 WEEKS — — — — — — — — —
OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS -----------4 WEEKS —
—
—
——
—
OVER 4 AND UNDER 5 WEEKS -----------5 WEEKS —
—
— — — — —
OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS -----------6 WEEKS
~
8 WEEKS -----------------------------------------------OVER 8 AND UNDER 9 WEEKS ------------

i
(1 0 )
5
(10)
18
1
54
4
13
1
1
1
"

(10)
1
5
(10)
18
1
50
6
16
1
1
1
*

3
7
( 10 )
17
(10)
61
1
8
1
(1 0 )
•
*

(1 0 )
1
75
3
20
1
—

6
1
23
40
25
3
3
-

2
9
15
“
70
-

25 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK — — — — — — — — — —
OVER 1 ANO UNDER 2 WEEKS -----------2 WEEKS —
— —
—
——
OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS -----------3 WEEKS — — —
—
—— —
OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS -----------4 WEEKS -----------------------------------------------OVER 4 AND UNDER 5 WEEKS -----------5 WEEKS —
—
—
—
———
OVER 5 ANO UNDER 6 WEEKS -----------6 WEEKS -----------------------------------------------8 WEEKS — — — — — — — — — —
OVER 8 ANO UNDER 9 WEEKS ------------

1
(10)
5
(1 0 )
14
(1 0 )
36
2
35
1
2
1
-

(10)
1
5
(1 0 )
15
(1 0 )
34
4
36
2
2
1
“

3
7
(1 0 )
12
(1 0 )
38
(1 0 )
35
1
2
-

(10)
1
5
(10)
86
4
4
-

6
1
23
—
29
33
3
6
•
-

2
9
9
53
23

30 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK — — — — — — — —
OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS — — —
——
—
OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS — —
—
—
OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS
4 WEEKS —
—
—
—
OVER 4 AND UNDER 5 WEEKS
5 WEEKS —
——
—
OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS
6 WEEKS
6 WEEKS
OVER 8 AND UNDER 9 WEEKS

1
(1 0 )
5
(1 0 )
14
(10)
33
2
31
2
8
1
~

(1 0 )
1
5
(1 0 )
15
( 10 )
31
3
30
2
10
1
-

3
6
1
12
(10)
37
(1 0 )
33
2
3
•
-

•
(10)
1
5
(1 0 )
78
5
11
•
-

6
1
23
29
33
3
7
—
*

2
9
9

1
(10)
5
(1 0 )
14
(1 0 )
33
2
29
2
11

(1 0 )
1
5
(10)
15
(10)
31
3
27
2
13

3
6
(1 0 )
13
(10)
37
(1 0 )
31
2
7
•
*

(10)
1
5
(10)
64
5
24
*

6
1
23
29
33
3
7
•
*

Services

Manu­
'lonmanuAll
in dustries fa cturing fa cturing

Pu bl ic
uti lities

W ho le s al e
trade

Reta il
trade

F inance

Services

AMOUNT OF PAID VACATION AFTER12 CONTINUED

maximum

vacation

——
-----------—
-----------—
—
-----------— ——
-----------——
------------

------------

available:

1 WEEK
OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS — -------2 WEEKS — — — — — — — — —
OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS -----------3 WEEKS — — — — — —
—— ——
OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS -----------4 WEEKS ---------------------------------------------------OVER 4 AND UNDER 5 WEEKS — ■
5 WEEKS — — —
——
—
OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS -----------6 WEEKS----------— — — — — — — —
7 WEEKS — — —
—
—
—
8 WEEKS------------------------------- ------ ---------OVER 8 AND UNDER 9 WEEKS —
See

fo o tn o te s




at end

-

-

1
“

1
*

“

*

-

53
23
*
*
2
9
9
52
24
(10)
—
—

o f t a b le s .

34

do)

•1
2
88
—
9
—
*

— (10)
—
16
20
41
—
22
1
—
—

•
(10)
16
78
6
*

2
3
91
1
3
—
*
*
*

—
4
26
(10)
63
4
3
•*

(ID
2
(1 0 )
5
1
44
1
40
2
3
—
1

do)

57
5
26
(10)
1
-

—
1
—
2
6
2
86
3
—
-

—
16
—
9
24
—
48
—
3
—
-

(1 0 )
11
59
30
—
•
—

2
3
—
74
9
12
•
—

(10)
—
4
—
23
(10)
65
—
4
3
—
—

( 10 )
3
(10)
6
(10)
50
1
32
1
6
•
(10)

(1 0 )
2
(1 0 )
5
1
41
(10)
34
2
12
—
1

(10)
4
(10)
7
(1 0 )
54
2
31
(10)
2
“

—
1
2
6
2
85
1
3
-

—
—
16
—
9
—
24
—
37
—
14
*

(10)
11
59
30
—
—
*

*
2
•
3
—
69
3
23
—
*

(10)
3
( 10 )
23
(10)
64
-5
3
—

(10)
•
3
(10)
6
(10)
47
1
30
1
9
2
(10)

(10)
2
(10)
5
1
41
(1 0 )
30
2
16
-

(10)
4
7
(10)
50
1
30
(10)
5
3
•
*

—
—
1
—
2
6
2
64
1
24
•
—
*

— (10)
—
16
—
9
—24
—
37
—
14
—
—
—

(10)
-•
11
—
57
32
(10)
—

*
2
—
3
62
2
25
5
—
*

—
3
24
(10)
64
5
3
—
*

12
ii
37
1
•35
*

(10)
•
3
(10)
9
1
74
1
11
1
(10)
(10)

(10)
2
(10)
7
2
64
2
19
2
(10)
1

12
—
11
—
26
1
46
—
•
-

(1 0 )
3
(10)
6
(10>
52
3
31
1
2
•
(10)

12
7
4
26
1
44
3
*

12
7
—
29
1
-44
—
3
—'
—
“

1

4
9
(1 0 )
80
1
6
(1 0 )
(10)
-

4
«
7

do)

Table B -6.

H ealth , insurance, and pension plans for fu ll-tim e w orkers in Philadelphia, P a.—N .J ., Novem ber 1976
P lan t w o r k e r s
Item

A ll
in d u strie s

M anu­
N onm anu­
fa ctu rin g fa ctu rin g

P u b lic
u tilitie s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

W h oles ale
trade

R e ta il
trade

S e r v ic e s

A ll
M anu­ N onm anu­
in d u stries fa ctu rin g fa ctu rin g

P u b lic
u tilitie s

W h olesa le
trad e

R eta il
trade

F inance

S e r v ic e s

PERCENT OF WORKERS
ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS ----------------------

l oo

100

l oo

loo

100

100

100

100

100

loo

loo

loo

100

100

100

IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVIDING AT
LEAST ONE OF THE BENEFITS
SHOWN BELOW1 3 ---------------------------------------------

99

99

99

100

100

100

93

99

99

99

100

100

100

100

99

LIFE INSURANCE ------------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ------------------------

98
86

98
86

97
86

100
78

98
90

99
91

90
83

97
78

98
82

97
76

99
70

99
82

99
80

96
82

94
48

ACCIDENTAL DEATH AND
DISMEMBERMENT INSURANCE ---------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ------------------------

65
58

63
58

69
58

90
71

87
80

51
41

66
59

71
57

77
69

67
49

97
69

88
70

41
28

61
49

67
35

SICKNESS AND ACCIDENT INSURANCE
OR SICK LEAVE OR BOTH14------------------------

89

95

80

83

94

80

64

92

94

91

97

97

95

90

82

77
69

91
82

52
48

47
34

85
82

44
42

52
50

56
47

71
64

47
37

35
15

75
66

35
34

50
42

36
22

24

18

33

30

36

37

29

67

68

67

88

62

46

67

68

9

5

16

29

5

20

1

5

( 10 )

8

6

2

34

4

9

LONG-TERM DISABILITY
INSURANCE
NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ------------------------

25
18

27
19

23
16

23
23

31
28

23
11

16
10

56
33

49
30

59
34

8
8

53
46

47
15

75
47

67
21

HOSPITALIZATION INSURANCE -------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ------------------------

97
86

98
89

95
81

100
93

99
94

98
74

79
70

99
70

99
84

98
62

100
94

100
94

100
63

99
51

93
46

SURGICAL INSURANCE ----------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ------------------------

97
86

98
89

95
81

100
93

99
94

98
74

79
70

98
70

99
84

98
62

100
94

97
91

100
63

99
51

93
46

MEDICAL INSURANCE ------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ------------------------

95
85

9 7

92
81

100
93

99
94

91
74

79
70

97
70

9 9

87

84

96
62

100
94

97
91

82
63

99
51

93
46

MAJOR MEDICAL INSURANCE -----------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ------------------------

77
64

77
65

78
61

94
87

90
86

73
42

57
47

95
65

93
77

95
58

99
93

96
90

84
40

99
SI

88
41

DENTAL INSURANCE --------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY p l a n s ------------------------

32
28

30
27

34
28

71
71

43
43

20
7

7
7

25
20

34
30

20
13

61
59

25
17

20
7

10
4

9
9

RETIREMENT PENSION ----------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ------------------------

88
83

94
86

79
77

79
79

97
96

75
75

70
64

89
82

96
86

85
80

83
83

89
78

70
70

90
85

82
65

SICKNESS AND ACCIDENT
INSURANCE -----------------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS -------------------SICK LEAVE (FULL PAY AND NO
WAITING PERIOD) ----------------------------------SICK LEAVE (PARTIAL PAY OR
WAITING PERIOD) -----------------------------------

See footn otes at end o f ta b le s .




35

F o o tn o te s
A ll o f th e s e s ta n d a rd f o o t n o t e s m a y not a p p ly to th is b u lle tin .

1
S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e
th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e at r e g ­
u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly
h ou rs.
2
T h e m e a n is co m p u te d f o r e a ch jo b b y to ta lin g the e a r n in g s o f all
w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a te s
p o s it io n — h a lf o f the w o r k e r s r e c e i v e m o r e and h a lf r e c e i v e l e s s than the
ra te s h o w n .
T h e m id d le r a n g e is d e fin e d b y tw o r a te s o f p a y: a fo u r th o f
the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than th e lo w e r o f th e s e r a te s and a fo u rth e a r n m o r e
than the h ig h e r r a t e .
3
E a r n in g s d a ta r e la t e o n ly to w o r k e r s w h o s e s e x id e n t ific a t io n w as
p r o v id e d b y the e s t a b lis h m e n t .
4
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
5
F o r m a l l y e s t a b lis h e d m in im u m r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e h ir in g s a la r ie s
that a r e p a id f o r s ta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s .
6
E x c lu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l jo b s su ch as m e s s e n g e r .
7
D a ta a re p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll s ta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , and f o r
the m o s t c o m m o n s ta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .
8
In clu d e s a ll p la n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s c u r r e n t ly o p e r a t in g
la te s h ift s , and e s t a b lis h m e n t s w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r la te s h ift s ,
e v e n thou gh the e s t a b lis h m e n t s w e r e n ot c u r r e n t ly o p e r a t in g la te s h if t s .




9
L e s s than 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t .
10 L e s s than 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
11
A ll c o m b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h a lf d a y s that add to the s a m e am ou nt
a re c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a to ta l o f
10 d a y s in c lu d e s th o s e w ith 10 fu ll d a y s and no h a lf d a y s , 9 fu ll d a y s and
2 h a lf d a y s , 8 fu ll d a y s and 4 h a lf d a y s , and s o o n .
P r o p o r t io n s then w e r e
c u m u la te d .
12 I n c lu d e s p a y m e n ts o th e r than "le n g t h o f t i m e , " su ch as p e r c e n t a g e
o f annual e a r n in g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to an e q u iv a le n t tim e
b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d as 1 w e e k 's
pay.
P e r io d s o f s e r v i c e a re c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y and d o not n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t
in d iv id u a l p r o v is io n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n ; f o r e x a m p le , c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t io n s
at 10 y e a r s in c lu d e ch a n g e s b e tw e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s .
E s tim a te s a re c u m u ­
la t iv e .
T h u s , the p r o p o r t io n e lig ib le f o r at l e a s t 3 w e e k s ' p a y a fte r 10 y e a r s
in c lu d e s th o s e e lig ib le f o r at le a s t 3 w e e k s ' p a y a ft e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
13 E s t im a t e s lis t e d a ft e r ty p e o f b e n e fit a r e f o r a ll p la n s
f o r w h ich
at le a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o r n e
b y th e e m p lo y e r .
" N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y
p la n s " in c lu d e o n ly t h o s e fin a n c e d e n t ir e ly b y the e m p lo y e r .
E x c lu d e d
a r e l e g a lly r e q u ir e d p la n s , s u ch as w o r k e r s d is a b ilit y c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l
s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
14 U n d u p lica te d to ta l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s and
a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly b e lo w .
S ic k le a v e p la n s a re lim it e d to
th o s e w h ich d e f in it e ly e s t a b lis h at le a s t the m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' pa y
that e a c h e m p lo y e e ca n e x p e c t .
I n fo r m a l s ic k le a v e a llo w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d
on an in d iv id u a l b a s is a r e e x c lu d e d .

36

Appendix A
A r e a w a g e and r e la t e d b e n e fit s data a re o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l v is it s
o f B u re a u f ie ld r e p r e s e n t a t iv e s at 3 - y e a r in t e r v a ls . 1 In e a c h o f th e in t e r v e n ­
in g y e a r s , in fo r m a t io n on e m p lo y m e n t and o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s is c o l l e c t e d
b y a c o m b in a tio n o f p e r s o n a l v i s i t , m a il q u e s t io n n a ir e , and te le p h o n e i n t e r ­
v ie w f r o m e s t a b lis h m e n t s p a r t ic ip a t in g in th e p r e v io u s s u r v e y .

a ll in d u s t r ie s c o m b in e d . E a r n in g s data f o r s o m e o f th e o c c u p a t io n s lis t e d and
d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u s t r y d iv is io n s w ith in th e s c o p e o f the s u r v e y , a re
n ot p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b le s , b e c a u s e e it h e r (1) e m p lo y m e n t in the
o c c u p a t io n is t o o s m a ll to p r o v id e en o u g h da ta to m e r it p r e s e n t a t io n , o r (2)
t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t data. S e p a r a te
m e n 's and w o m e n 's e a r n in g s data a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d w hen th e n u m b e r o f
w o r k e r s n ot id e n t ifie d b y s e x is 20 p e r c e n t o r m o r e o f th e m e n o r w o m e n
id e n t ifie d in an o c c u p a t io n . E a r n in g s data n ot sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly f o r in d u s tr y
d iv is io n s a r e in c lu d e d in data f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s c o m b in e d .
L ik e w is e , data
a r e in c lu d e d in th e o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n w h en a s u b c la s s if ic a t io n o f e l e c ­
t r o n i c s t e c h n ic ia n s , s e c r e t a r i e s , o r t r u c k d r i v e r s is n ot sh ow n o r in fo r m a t io n
to s u b c l a s s i f y is n ot a v a ila b le .

In e a c h o f th e 8 4 * a r e a s c u r r e n t ly s u r v e y e d , da ta a r e o b ta in e d
2
f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u s t r y d iv is io n s :
M a n u fa c tu r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ;
w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a il t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta t e ; and
s e r v i c e s . M a jo r in d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s e s tu d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t
o p e r a t io n s and th e c o n s t r u c t io n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s t r ie s .
E s t a b lis h m e n ts
h a v in g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itt e d b e c a u s e o f
in s u f fic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d . S e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a re
p r o v id e d f o r e a c h o f th e b r o a d in d u s t r y d iv is io n s w h ic h m e e t p u b lic a tio n
c r ite r ia .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s data a re show n f o r f u ll- t i m e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d u le . E a rn in g s data
e x c lu d e p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
la te s h ift s . N o n p r o d u c t io n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a llo w a n c e s
and in c e n t iv e b o n u s e s a r e in c lu d e d .
W e e k ly h o u r s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l and
p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s
r e f e r to th e s ta n d a rd w o rk w e e k
(ro u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r ) f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e r e g u la r
s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s ( e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r a n d /o r
p r e m iu m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r th e s e o c c u p a t io n s a r e rou n d e d
to th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o ll a r .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a re c o n d u c te d on a s a m p le b a s i s .
T h e s a m p lin g
p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d e t a ile d s t r a t ific a t io n o f a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in the
s c o p e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y in d u s tr y and n u m b e r o f e m p lo y e e s .
F r o m th is s t r a t ifi e d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ilit y s a m p le is s e l e c t e d , w ith e a c h
e s ta b lis h m e n t h av in g a p r e d e t e r m in e d ch a n ce o f s e le c t io n . T o o b ta in o p tim u m
a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t io n o f l a r g e than s m a ll e s t a b lis h ­
m e n ts is s e le c t e d . W hen data a r e c o m b in e d , e a c h e s ta b lis h m e n t is w e ig h te d
a c c o r d in g to its p r o b a b ilit y o f s e le c t io n , so that u n b ia s e d e s t im a t e s a re
g e n e r a te d . F o r e x a m p le , i f on e out o f fo u r e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e l e c t e d , it is
g iv e n a w e ig h t o f fo u r to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f p lu s t h r e e o t h e r s . An a lte r n a te o f
th e s a m e o r ig i n a l p r o b a b ilit y is c h o s e n in th e s a m e in d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i f i ­
ca tio n i f da ta a r e n ot a v a ila b le f r o m th e o r ig in a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
If no
s u ita b le su b s titu te is a v a ila b le , a d d itio n a l w e ig h t is a s s ig n e d to a s a m p le
m e m b e r that is s i m i l a r to th e m i s s in g unit.

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e th e l e v e l o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s in .an a r e a
at a p a r t ic u la r t i m e . C o m p a r is o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
tim e m a y n ot r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s .
T h e a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l
jo b s a r e a ff e c t e d b y ch a n g e s in w a g e s and e m p lo y m e n t p a t te r n s . F o r e x a m p le ,
p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y h ig h - o r lo w -w a g e f ir m s m a y ch a n g e ,
o r h ig h -w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d v a n ce to b e t t e r jo b s and b e r e p la c e d b y n ew
w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a t e s .
S u ch s h ifts in e m p lo y m e n t co u ld d e c r e a s e an
o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e e v e n th ou gh m o s t e s ta b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a in c r e a s e
w a g e s d u rin g th e y e a r . C h a n ges in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , sh ow n in
ta b le A - 7, a r e b e t t e r in d ic a t o r s o f w a g e tr e n d s than a r e e a rn in g s ch a n g e s f o r
in d iv id u a l jo b s w ith in th e g r o u p s .

O c c u p a tio n s and e a r n in g s
O c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r stu dy a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y o f m a n u ­
fa c tu r in g and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s t r ie s , and a r e o f th e fo llo w in g t y p e s : (1)
O f fic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l; (3) m a in te n a n c e , t o o l r o o m ,
and p o w e r p la n t ; and (4) m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d ia l.
O c c u p a tio n a l
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m set o f jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s ig n e d to
ta k e a c c o u n t o f in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n in d u tie s w ith in th e s a m e jo b .
O c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r stu d y a r e lis t e d and d e s c r i b e d in a p p en d ix B .
U n le s s o t h e r w is e in d ic a t e d , the e a r n in g s data fo llo w in g the jo b t it le s a r e f o r

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s it e , a r e a w id e e s t im a t e s . I n d u s tr ie s
and e s t a b lis h m e n t s d if f e r in p a y le v e l and jo b s ta ffin g , and thus c o n tr ib u te
d if f e r e n t ly to th e e s t im a t e s f o r e a c h jo b . P a y a v e r a g e s m a y fa il to r e f le c t
a c c u r a t e ly th e w a g e d if f e r e n t ia l a m o n g jo b s in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
A v e r a g e p a y l e v e ls f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s
s h o u ld n ot b e a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d if f e r e n c e s in p a y o f the s e x e s w ith in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
F a c t o r s w h ich m a y c o n tr ib u te to d if f e r e n c e s
in c lu d e p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b lis h e d ra te ra n g e s (o n ly the r a te s p a id
in c u m b e n ts a r e c o l le c t e d ) and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c d u ties w ith in the
g e n e r a l s u r v e y jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s . J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u se d to c l a s s i f y e m p lo y e e s
in t h e s e s u r v e y s u s u a lly a r e m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than t h o s e u se d in in d iv id u a l
e s t a b lis h m e n t s and a llo w f o r m i n o r d if f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s ta b lis h m e n ts in
s p e c i f i c d u tie s p e r f o r m e d .

* P ersonal v isits w e re o n a 2 - y e a r c y c l e b e fo r e July 1972.
2 In c lu d e d in th e 8 4 areas are 14 studies c o n d u c t e d b y the Bureau under c o n tr a c t.
T h ese areas are A k ro n ,
O h io ; A u stin , T e x . ; B in g h a m ton , N . Y . —Pa. ; B irm in g h a m , A l a . ; Fort L a u d e rd a le —H o lly w o o d and W est P a lm
B ea ch — B oca R a to n , F l a . ; L e x in g to n —F a y e tte , K y .; M e lb o u r n e —T it u s v ille —C o c o a , F la .; N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B ea ch —
P ortsm outh
and N ew p ort N ew s—H a m p ton , V a . —N. C . ; P o u g h k e e p s ie —K in g ston — N ew bu rgh , N . Y . ; R a le ig h —
D u rh a m , N . C . ;
a d d itio n ,

the

S ta m fo rd ,

Bureau

C o n n .;

co n d u cts

S y ra cu se,

m o re

lim it e d

N .Y . ;
area

U t ic a — R o m e ,
studies

in

N .Y .;

and W estch ester C o u n ty ,

a p p ro x im a te ly 100 areas

at the

N .Y .

In

request o f the

E m p lo y m e n t Standards A d m in is tra tio n o f the U. S. D ep a rtm en t o f L abor.




37

O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e to t a l in a ll e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e stu d y and n ot th e n u m b e r a c t u a lly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e s a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s d i f f e r , e s t im a t e s o f
o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d f r o m th e s a m p le o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s s tu d ie d
s e r v e o n ly t o in d ic a t e th e r e la t iv e im p o r t a n c e o f th e jo b s s tu d ie d .
T h ese
d if f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e do n ot a ff e c t m a t e r ia lly th e a c c u r a c y o f
th e e a r n in g s d a ta .

P e r c e n t ch a n g e s f o r in d iv id u a l a r e a s in th e p r o g r a m
as fo llo w s :

are

c o m p u te d

1.

E a c h o c c u p a t io n is a s s ig n e d a w e ig h t b a s e d o n its p r o ­
p o r t io n a t e e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p in th e
base year.

2.

T h e s e w e ig h ts a r e u s e d t o co m p u te g r o u p a v e r a g e s .
E a c h o c c u p a t io n 's a v e r a g e (m e a n ) e a r n in g s is m u lt ip lie d
b y its w e ig h t. T h e p r o d u c t s a r e t o t a le d t o o b ta in a g ro u p
average.

3.

T h e r a t io o f g r o u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t iv e y e a r s is
c o m p u te d b y d iv id in g th e a v e r a g e f o r th e c u r r e n t y e a r
b y th e a v e r a g e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e r e s u lt—
e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t — l e s s 100 is th e p e r c e n t ch a n g e .

W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s
T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s p r e s e n t e d in t a b le A - 7 a r e b a s e d on ch a n g e s
in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r e s t a b lis h m e n t s r e p o r t in g th e t r e n d jo b s in b o th
th e c u r r e n t and p r e v io u s y e a r (m a tc h e d e s t a b lis h m e n t s ).
T h e d a ta a r e
a d ju s te d t o r e m o v e th e e f f e c t on a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f e m p lo y m e n t s h ift s
a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s and t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s in c lu d e d in s u r v e y
s a m p le s .
T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a r e s t i l l a ff e c t e d b y f a c t o r s
o t h e r th an w a g e i n c r e a s e s .
H ir in g s , l a y o f f s , and t u r n o v e r m a y a ffe c t an
e s t a b lis h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an o c c u p a t io n w h en w o r k e r s a r e p a id u n d e r p la n s
p r o v id in g a r a n g e o f w a g e r a te s f o r in d iv id u a l j o b s . In p e r io d s o f i n c r e a s e d
h ir in g , f o r e x a m p le , n ew e m p lo y e e s e n t e r at th e b o tt o m o f th e r a n g e ,
d e p r e s s in g th e a v e r a g e w ith ou t a ch a n g e in w a g e r a t e s .

F o r a m o r e d e t a ile d d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e m e t h o d u se d t o c o m p u te
t h e s e w a g e t r e n d s , s e e " I m p r o v in g A r e a W a g e S u r v e y I n d e x e s , " M o n th ly
L a b o r R e v ie w , J a n u a r y 1 9 7 3, p p . 5 2 -5 7 .
E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v is io n s

T h e p e r c e n t ch a n g e s r e la t e t o w a g e ch a n g e s b e tw e e n th e in d ic a t e d
d a tes.
W h en th e t im e sp a n b e tw e e n s u r v e y s is o t h e r th an 12 m o n th s ,
a nn ual r a te s a r e s h ow n .
(It is a s s u m e d th at w a g e s in c r e a s e at a co n sta n t
r a te b e tw e e n s u r v e y s .)

T h e in c id e n c e o f s e l e c t e d e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y
w a g e p r o v i s i o n s is s tu d ie d f o r p la n t w o r k e r s a nd o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
P la n t
w o r k e r s in c lu d e n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s and w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s e n g a g e d in
n o n o f fic e f u n c t io n s .
( C a fe t e r ia w o r k e r s and r o u te w o r k e r s a r e e x c lu d e d
in m a n u fa c tu r in g i n d u s t r ie s , b u t in c lu d e d in n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g i n d u s t r ie s .)
O f f ic e w o r k e r s in c lu d e n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s and w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s
p e r f o r m in g c l e r i c a l o r r e la t e d f u n c t io n s .
L e a d w o r k e r s and t r a i n e e s a r e
in c lu d e d a m o n g n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s .
A d m in is t r a t i v e , e x e c u t iv e , and
p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p lo y e e s and c o n s t r u c t io n w o r k e r s u t iliz e d as s e p a r a t e w o r k
f o r c e s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m b o th th e p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r c a t e g o r i e s .

O c c u p a tio n s u s e d t o c o m p u te w a g e t r e n d s a r e :
O f f ic e c l e r i c a l (m e n and
w o m e n ):
S e c r e t a r ie s
S ten og ra p h ers, g en era l
S t e n o g r a p h e r s , s e n io r
T y p i s t s , c l a s s e s A and B
F il e c l e r k s , c l a s s e s A ,
B , and C
M essen gers
O rd e r c le r k s , c la s s e s A
and B
A c c o u n t in g c l e r k s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e
o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B
P a y r o l l c le r k s
K e y p u n ch o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e
o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B

E l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g
(m e n and w o m e n ) :
C om p u ter sy ste m s
a n a ly s t s , c l a s s e s
A , B , and C




E l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g
(m e n and w o m e n )—
C on tin u ed
C om p u ter p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C
C om p u ter o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C

M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s (ta b le B - l ) . M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a la r ie s
f o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s r e la t e o n ly to th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s v is it e d . B e c a u s e o f th e
o p t im u m s a m p lin g te c h n iq u e s u s e d and th e p r o b a b ilit y 't h a t l a r g e e s t a b lis h ­
m e n ts a r e m o r e lik e ly th an s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s t o h a v e f o r m a l e n tr a n c e
r a t e s a b o v e th e s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l , th e t a b le is m o r e r e p r e s e n t a t iv e o f p o l i c i e s
in m e d iu m and la r g e e s t a b lis h m e n t s .

I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m e n and
w o m e n ):
R e g is t e r e d in d u s t r ia l
n u rses

S h ift d if f e r e n t ia ls — m a n u fa c tu r in g (ta b le B - 2 ) .
D ata w e r e c o lle c t e d
on p o l i c i e s o f m a n u fa c tu r in g e s t a b lis h m e n t s r e g a r d in g p a y d if f e r e n t ia ls f o r
p la n t w o r k e r s on la te s h if t s .
E s t a b lis h m e n t s c o n s i d e r e d as h av in g p o l i c i e s
a r e t h o s e w h ic h (1 ) h a v e p r o v is io n s in w r it in g c o v e r i n g th e o p e r a t io n o f la te
s h if t s , o r (2 ) h a v e o p e r a t e d la te s h ift s at any t i m e d u rin g th e 12 m o n th s
p r e c e d in g a s u r v e y .
W h en e s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v e s e v e r a l d if f e r e n t ia ls w h ich
v a r y b y j o b , th e d if f e r e n t ia l a p p ly in g to th e m a j o r i t y o f th e p la n t w o r k e r s is
r e c o r d e d . W h en e s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v e d if f e r e n t ia ls w h ic h a p p ly o n ly to c e r t a in
h o u r s o f w o r k , th e d if f e r e n t ia l a p p ly in g to th e m a j o r i t y o f th e s h ift h o u r s is
record ed.

S k ille d m a in te n a n c e (m en
and w o m e n ) :
C a r p e n te r s
E l e c t r ic ia n s
P a in t e r s
M a c h in is t s
M e c h a n ic s (m a c h in e r y )
M e c h a n ic s (m o t o r v e h ic le )
P i p e fi t t e r s
T o o l and d ie m a k e r s

F o r p u r p o s e s o f th is s tu d y , a la te s h ift is e it h e r a s e c o n d (e v e n in g )
s h ift w h ic h en d s at o r n e a r m id n ig h t o r a t h ir d (n igh t) s h ift w h ich s t a r t s at o r
n e a r m id n ig h t.

U n s k ille d p la n t (m e n and
w o m e n ):
J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and
c le a n e r s
M a t e r ia l h a n d lin g l a b o r e r s

D if fe r e n t ia ls f o r s e c o n d and t h ir d s h ift s a r e s u m m a r iz e d s e p a r a t e ly
f o r (1) e s t a b lis h m e n t p o l i c i e s (an e s t a b lis h m e n t 's d if f e r e n t ia ls a r e w e ig h te d b y

38

a ll plan t w o r k e r s in th e e s ta b lis h m e n t at th e t im e o f the s u r v e y ) and (2)
e f fe c t iv e p r a c t i c e s (an e s t a b lis h m e n t 's d if f e r e n t ia ls a r e w e ig h te d b y plan t
w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d on th e s p e c i f i e d sh ift at th e tim e o f th e s u r v e y ).

w h ic h th e e m p lo y e r h as c o n tr ib u te d , o r (3) b o r n e d ir e c t ly b y th e e m p lo y e r
ou t o f o p e r a t in g fun ds o r a fund s e t a s id e to c o v e r th e c o s t .
A p la n is
in c lu d e d e v e n th ou g h a m a j o r i t y o f th e e m p lo y e e s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t do not
c h o o s e to p a r t ic ip a t e in it b e c a u s e th e y a r e r e q u ir e d to b e a r p a rt o f its c o s t
( p r o v id e d th e c h o ic e to p a r t ic ip a t e is a v a ila b le o r w ill e v e n tu a lly b e c o m e
a v a ila b le to a m a j o r i t y ) . L e g a lly r e q u ir e d p la n s s u c h as s o c ia l s e c u r it y , r a i l ­
r o a d r e t ir e m e n t , w o r k e r s ' d is a b ilit y c o m p e n s a t io n , and t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y
in s u r a n c e 3 a r e e x c lu d e d .

S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s ; p a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a t io n s ; and h e a lt h ,
in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s . P r o v i s i o n s w h ich a p p ly to a m a j o r it y o f the
plan t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t a r e c o n s i d e r e d to a p p ly to a ll
plan t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in th e e s t a b lis h m e n t ; a p r a c t i c e o r p r o v is io n is
c o n s i d e r e d n o n e x is te n t w h en it a p p lie s to l e s s th an a m a jo r it y .
H o lid a y s ;
v a c a t io n s ; and h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a p p lic a b le
to e m p lo y e e s c u r r e n t ly e lig ib le f o r th e b e n e fit s as w e ll as to e m p lo y e e s w ho
w ill e v e n tu a lly b e c o m e e lig ib le .

A c c id e n t a l d ea th and d is m e m b e r m e n t is lim it e d to p la n s w h ich
p r o v id e b e n e fit p a y m e n ts in c a s e o f dea th o r l e s s o f lim b o r sig h t as a
d ir e c t r e s u lt o f an a c c id e n t .

S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs and d a ys (ta b le B - 3 ) . S c h e d u le d w e e k ly
h o u r s and d a y s r e f e r to th e n u m b e r o f h o u rs and d a y s p e r w e e k w h ich f u l l ­
t im e f i r s t (d a y ) s h ift w o r k e r s a r e e x p e c t e d to w o r k , w h e th e r p a id f o r at
s t r a ig h t -t im e o r o v e r t im e r a t e s .

S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e in c lu d e s o n ly th o s e p la n s w h ich
p r o v id e that p r e d e t e r m in e d c a s h p a y m e n ts b e m a d e d ir e c t l y to e m p lo y e e s
w ho l o s e t im e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f illn e s s o r in ju r y , e . g . , $ 50 a w e e k f o r
up to 26 w e e k s o f d is a b ilit y .

P a id h o lid a y s
(ta b le B - 4 ) . H o lid a y s a r e in c lu d e d o n ly i f th ey
a r e g r a n te d a n n u a lly on a f o r m a l b a s is (p r o v id e d f o r in w r it te n f o r m o r
e s t a b lis h e d b y c u s t o m ) ' and e m p lo y e e s a r e p a id f o r th e tim e o f f .
T h e y a re
in c lu d e d e v e n th o u g h in a p a r t ic u la r y e a r th e y f a l l on a n o n w o rk d a y and
e m p lo y e e s a re n ot g r a n te d a n o th e r day o f f.

S ic k le a v e p la n s a r e lim it e d to f o r m a l p l a n s 4 w h ich p r o v id e f o r
co n tin u in g an e m p l o y e e 's p a y d u rin g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f i l l n e s s .
D ata c o l l e c t e d d is t in g u is h b e tw e e n (1) p la n s w h ich p r o v id e fu ll p a y w ith no
w a itin g p e r io d , and (2) p la n s w h ich e it h e r p r o v id e p a r t ia l pay o r r e q u ir e a
w a itin g p e r io d .

D ata a r e ta b u la te d to s h ow th e p e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s w h o (1) a r e g ra n te d
s p e c i f i c n u m b e r s o f w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s and (2) a r e g r a n te d s p e c if ie d
a m ou n ts o f to t a l h o lid a y t im e (w h ole and h a lf h o lid a y s a r e a g g r e g a t e d ).

L o n g - t e r m d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e p la n s p r o v id e p a y m e n ts to t o t a lly
d is a b le d e m p lo y e e s upon th e e x p ir a t io n o f t h e ir p a id s ic k le a v e a n d /o r s i c k ­
n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e , o r a ft e r a p r e d e t e r m in e d p e r io d o f d is a b ilit y
(t y p ic a lly 6 m o n th s ).
P a y m e n t s a r e m a d e u n til the end o f the d is a b ilit y , a
m a x im u m a g e , o r e lig ib il it y f o r r e t ir e m e n t b e n e f it s .
F u ll o r p a r t ia l p a y ­
m e n ts a r e a lm o s t a lw a y s r e d u c e d b y s o c i a l s e c u r it y , w o r k e r s ' d is a b ilit y
c o m p e n s a t io n , and p r iv a t e p e n s io n b e n e fit s p a y a b le to the d is a b le d e m p lo y e e .

P a id v a c a t io n s (ta b le B - 5 ) .
E s t a b lis h m e n ts r e p o r t t h e ir m e th o d o f
c a lc u la tin g v a c a t io n p a y (tim e b a s i s , p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s , f l a t - s u m
p a y m e n t, e t c .) and th e a m ou n t o f v a c a t io n p a y g r a n te d .
O n ly b a s i c f o r m a l
p la n s a r e r e p o r t e d . V a c a tio n b o n u s e s , v a c a t io n - s a v in g s p la n s , and " e x t e n d e d "
o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e fit s b e y o n d b a s i c p la n s a r e e x c lu d e d .

H o s p it a liz a t io n , s u r g i c a l , and m e d ic a l in s u r a n c e p la n s r e p o r t e d
in t h e s e s u r v e y s p r o v id e fu ll o r p a r t ia l p a y m e n t f o r b a s i c s e r v i c e s r e n d e r e d .
3 T e m p o ra ry d is a b ility insurance w h ic h p rov id es b e n e fits t o c o v e r e d w ork ers d isa b led by inju ry or illness

F o r ta b u la tin g v a c a t io n p a y g r a n te d , a ll p r o v is io n s a r e e x p r e s s e d
on a t im e b a s i s .
V a c a tio n p a y c a lc u la t e d on o t h e r than a t im e b a s is is
c o n v e r t e d to its e q u iv a le n t t im e p e r io d .
T w o p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s ,
f o r e x a m p le , is ta b u la te d as 1 w e e k 's v a c a t io n p a y .

w h ic h is n ot w o r k -c o n n e c t e d is m a n d a tory und er State law s in C a lifo r n ia , N ew Jersey, N ew Y o r k , and R h ode
Island.
E sta b lish m en t plans w h ic h m e e t o n ly the le g a l req u irem en ts are e x c lu d e d fro m these d ata, but those
und er w h ic h (1 ) e m p lo y e rs co n trib u te m ore than is l e g a lly req u ired o r (2 ) b e n e fits e x c e e d those s p e c ifie d in the
S ta te law are in c lu d e d .
In R h od e Isla nd, b e n e fits are p a id out o f a State fund to w h ich o n ly e m p lo y e e s
co n tr ib u te .

In e a c h o f the oth e r three S tates, b e n e fits are p a id eith er fro m a S ta te fund o r through a p riv a te plan:

S ta te fund fin a n c in g :

In C a lifo r n ia , o n ly e m p lo y e e s co n trib u te to th e State fu n d ; in N ew Jersey,

e m p lo y e e s

and e m p lo y e r s c o n tr ib u te ; in N e w Y o r k , e m p lo y e e s co n tr ib u te up to a s p e c i fi e d m a x im u m and

A l s o , p r o v is io n s a ft e r e a c h s p e c i f i e d le n g th o f s e r v i c e a r e r e la t e d
to a ll p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s t a b lis h m e n t r e g a r d le s s o f len g th o f
s e r v i c e . V a c a tio n p la n s c o m m o n ly p r o v id e f o r l a r g e r am ou nt o f v a c a t io n p a y
as s e r v i c e le n g th e n s . C ou nts o f plan t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s b y le n g th o f s e r v i c e
w e r e n ot o b ta in e d . T h e ta b u la tio n s o f v a c a t io n p a y g ra n te d p r e s e n t s , t h e r e ­
f o r e , s t a t is t ic a l m e a s u r e s o f t h e s e p r o v is io n s r a th e r than p r o p o r t io n s o f
w o r k e r s a c tu a lly r e c e iv in g s p e c i f i c b e n e f it s .

em p lo y e rs

p a y the d iffe r e n c e b e tw e e n the
P riv a te p la n fin a n c in g :

employees' share and the total contribution required.

In C a lifo r n ia and N ew J ersey ,

e m p lo y e e s c a n n o t b e requ ired to co n trib u te m ore

than th ey w o u ld if th ey w e re c o v e r e d b y the State fund; in N ew Y o r k , e m p lo y e e s c a n a g ree to co n trib u te
m o r e i f th e S ta te rules that th e a d d itio n a l c o n t r ib u tio n is c o m m e n su ra te w ith the b e n e fit p ro v id e d .
F e d e ra l le g is la t io n (R a ilr o a d U n e m p lo y m e n t Insurance A c t ) p ro v id e s tem p ora ry d isa b ility insurance b e n e fits
t o ra ilro a d w ork ers fo r illness o r in ju ry , w h eth er w o r k -c o n n e c t e d or not.

H e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s (ta b le B - 6 ) . H ea lth , in s u r a n c e ,
and p e n s io n p la n s in c lu d e p la n s f o r w h ich th e e m p lo y e r p a y s e it h e r a ll o r
p a rt o f th e c o s t .
T h e c o s t m a y b e (1) u n d e r w r itt e n b y a c o m m e r c i a l
in s u r a n c e c o m p a n y o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a t io n , (2 ) c o v e r e d b y a u nion fund to




L ife in s u r a n c e in c lu d e s f o r m a l p la n s p r o v id in g in d e m n ity (u s u a lly
an in s u r a n c e p o l i c y ) in c a s e o f dea th o f the c o v e r e d w o r k e r .

th r o u g h

T h e le g is la t io n requires that em p lo y e rs

b e a r the e n tire c o s t o f the in su ran ce.
4 A n e sta b lish m e n t is co n s id e r e d as h a v in g a fo r m a l p la n i f it s p e c ifie s at le a st the m in im u m n u m b er o f
days o f s ic k

le a v e a v a ila b le

to e a c h e m p lo y e e .

Su ch a p la n

a llo w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d o n an in d iv id u a l basis are e x c lu d e d .

39

need

n ot

b e w ritten ,

but

in fo rm a l sick le a v e

Hospitalization insurance covers hospital room and board and may cover
other hospital expenses. Surgical insurance covers surgeons' fees. Medical
insurance covers doctors' fees for home, office, or hospital calls. Plans
restricted to post-operative medical care or a doctor’s care for minor
ailments at a worker's place of employment are not considered to be
medical insurance.

"deductible" (e.g., $50) be met before benefits begin, (2) has a coinsurance
feature that requires the insured to pay a portion (e.g., 20 percent) of
certain expenses, and (3) has a specified dollar maximum of benefits (e.g.,
$ 10, 000 a year).

Major medical insurance coverage applies to services which go
beyond the basic services covered under hospitalization, surgical, and
medical insurance. Major medical insurance typically (1) requires that a

Retirement pension plans provide for regular payments to the retiree
for life. Included are deferred profit-sharing plans which provide the option
of purchasing a lifetime annuity.




Dental insurance plans provide normal dental service benefits,
usually for fillings, extractions, and X -ra ys. Plans which provide benefits
only for oral surgery or repairing accident damage are not reported.

40

Appendix ta b le 1. Establishm ents and w orkers w ith in scope of survey and num ber studied
in Philadelphia, Pa.—N .J .,1 Novem ber 1976
N um ber o f e sta blish m en ts
M inim um
e m p loym en t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m ents in s c o p e
o f study

Industry d i v i s i o n 2

W ork ers in establish m en ts
W ithin s c o p e o f study

W ithin s co p e
o f study *

Studied

T o t a l4

Studied
N um ber

P e rce n t

F u ll-t im e
plant w o rk e rs

F u ll-t im e
o ffic e w o rk e rs

T o t a l4

ALL ESTABLISHMENTS
ALL DIVISIONS ----------------------------------------------------------

-

2,2 7 2

41 8

792 ,377

100

4 2 5 ,554

146,630

384 ,290

MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------------------TRANSPORTATION, COMMUNICATION, AND
OTHER PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5 --------------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------------------------------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------------------------------------FINANCE, INSURANCE, AND REAL ESTATE6 -------------SERVICES8 -----------------------------------------------------------------------

100
-

955
1,317

188
230

4 1 0 ,504
3 8 1 ,873

52
48

266 ,430
159 ,124

55,050
91,580

178,086
2 0 6 ,204

100
50
100
50
50

87
336
173
270
451

29
39
37
49
76

64,015
42,634
116 ,218
81,098
77,908

8
5
15
10
10

37,488
22,191
68,625
7 1,992
28,828

11,497
10,081
11,722
46,425
11,855

51,090
9,1 1 7
72,442
46,148
27,407

ALL DIVISIONS ----------------------------------------------------------

-

274

149

4 5 0 ,753

100

22 6 ,4 3 2

91,027

3 2 7 ,4 0 2

MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------------------TRANSPORTATION, COMMUNICATION, AND
OTHER PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5 --------------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------------------------------------------RETAIL TRADF --------------------------------------------------------------FINANCE, INSURANCE, AND REAL ESTATE0 -------------SERVICES8 -----------------------------------------------------------------------

500
-

165
109

80
69

24 0 ,1 3 4
2 10 ,619

53
47

141,381
85,051

38,656
52,371

151,814
175,588

500
500
500
500
500

15
4
40
33
17

12
2
21
24
10

48,990
2,966
88,416
49,833
20,419

11
1
20
11
5

26,890
1,608
51,889
7 10
4,654

9,816
481
9,1 8 6
30.756
2,1 3 2

47,150
1,916
68,599
4 1 1531
16,392

large

establishments

1 The P h ila d elp h ia Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tistica l A r e a , as defin ed by the O ffic e o f M anagem ent and B udget through F e b r u a r y 1974, c o n s is t s o f B u ck s, C h e s te r , D ela w a re, M on tgom ery, and
P h ila d elp h ia C ou n ties, P a .; and B u rlin gton , C am den, and G lo u c e s t e r C o u n tie s, N .J.
The " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f study" e s tim a te s shown in this table p r o v id e a rea s on a b ly a ccu ra te d e s c r ip tio n o f
the s iz e and c o m p o s itio n o f the la b o r f o r c e included in the s u r v e y . E stim a te s are not intended, h o w e v e r , f o r c o m p a r is o n with o th e r e m p lo y m en t indexes to m e a s u r e em p loym en t tren ds o r le v e ls sin ce
(1) planning o f w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s e sta b lish m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in advance o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu died, and (2) s m a ll e sta b lish m en ts are exclu d ed fr o m the s co p e o f the su rv e y .
2 The 1967 ed ition o f the Standard Industrial C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u sed to c la s s if y es ta b lis h m e n ts by in du stry d iv is io n .
3 In clu des a ll es ta b lis h m e n ts with total em p lo ym e n t at o r above the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A ll ou tlets (w ithin the area) o f c o m p a n ie s in in d u s trie s such as tra d e, fin a n ce, auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and
m otion p ic tu re th ea ters are c o n s id e r e d as 1 e sta b lish m e n t.
4 Inclu des ex e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, p a r t -tim e , and o th e r w o r k e r s e xclu d e d fro m the s e p a r a te plant and o f fi c e c a t e g o r ie s .
5 A b b r e v ia te d to "p u b lic u t ilit ie s " in the A - and B - s e r i e s ta b le s . T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in ciden ta l to w a te r tra n s p o rta tio n are e x c lu d e d . L o c a l tra n sit in the c ity o f P h ila d elp h ia is g ov ern m en ta lly
o p era ted and ex clu d ed by d e fin itio n fr o m the s c o p e o f the study.
6 A b b r e v ia te d to " fin a n c e " in the A - and B - s e r i e s ta b le s .
7 E s tim a te re la te s to re a l estate e sta b lish m e n ts o n ly. W o r k e r s fro m the e n tire industry d iv is io n are r e p r e s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s , but fro m the r e a l estate p o rtio n on ly in " a ll in du stry"
and "n on m a n u fa ctu rin g " e s tim a te s in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s.
8 H otels and m o t e ls ; la u n d rie s and o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u tom obile r e p a ir , ren tal, and p arkin g; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n on p rofit m e m b e r s h ip o rg a n iz a tio n s (exclu d in g re lig io u s
and ch a r ita b le o r g a n iz a tio n s ); and en gin e e rin g and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .
In du strial c o m p o s itio n in m an u factu rin g

L a b o r -m a n a g e m e n t ag reem en t c o v e r a g e

O v e r o n e -h a lf o f the w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f the su r v e y in the P h ila d elp h ia are a
w e re e m p loy ed in m an u factu rin g f ir m s .
The fo llo w in g p r e s e n ts the m a jo r in du stry groups
and s p e c ific in d u s trie s as a p e r c e n t o f all m an u factu rin g:
Industry gro u p s
E l e c t r ic a l equipm ent and
su p p lie s _________________________18
M a ch in e r y , e x c e p t e lectrical___ 9
C h e m ic a ls and allie d produ cts__ 9
F o o d and k in d red p r o d u c t s ____ 8
P r im a r y m e ta l i n d u s t r ie s _____ 8
P rin tin g and p u b lis h in g ________ 7
A p p a r e l and o th e r textile
p r o d u c t s ________________________ 6
P a p e r and allied p r o d u c t s _____ 5
F a b r ic a t e d m eta l p r o d u c t s _____ 5
T ra n sp o rta tio n eq u ip m e n t_____ 5

The fo llo w in g tabulation show s the p e r c e n t o f fu ll-t im e plant and o f fic e w o r k e r s
e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the P h ila d elp h ia a re a in w hich a union co n tr a c t o r co n tr a c ts
c o v e r e d a m a jo r it y o f the w o r k e r s in the r e s p e c t iv e c a t e g o r ie s , N ov em b er 197 6:
P lan t w o r k e r s

S p e c ific in d u strie s
___________
A ll in d u s trie s ____
M anufacturin g___________
N onm anufacturing ___
P u b lic u tilitie s
W h o le s a le trade
R e ta il trade
F in a n c e ___
S e r v i c e s ___

C o m m u n ica tio n e q u ip m e n t____ 7
B la st fu r n a c e and b a s ic
s te e l p r o d u c ts __________________6

12
15
10
61
3
11
2

An e sta b lish m e n t is c o n s id e r e d to have a co n tr a c t c o v e r in g all plant
w o r k e r s if a m a jo r it y o f such w o r k e r s is c o v e r e d by a la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a greem en t.
T h e r e fo r e , all o th e r plant o r o f fi c e w o r k e r s are em p loy ed in esta b lish m en ts that eith er do
not have la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t c o n tr a c ts in e ffe c t , o r have c o n tr a c ts that apply to fe w e r than
h alf o f th e ir plant o r o f fic e w o r k e r s .
E s tim a te s are not n e c e s s a r ily r e p r e s e n ta tiv e of the
extent to w hich all w o r k e r s in the a r e a m a y be c o v e r e d by the p r o v is io n s o f la b o r-m a n a g e m e n t
a g r e e m e n ts , b e c a u s e s m a ll es ta b lis h m en ts are ex clu d ed and the in du stria l s c o p e o f the
s u r v e y is lim ite d .

T h is in fo rm a tio n is b ased on e s tim a te s o f total em p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d fr o m u n iv e r s e
la t e r ia ls c o m p ile d b e fo r e actual s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t io n s in v a rio u s industry d iv is io n s m ay
iffe r fro m p r o p o r tio n s ba sed on the r e s u lts o f the su r v e y as show n in appendix table 1.




O ffic e w o rk e rs

72
80
57
86
75
39
98
47

41

Appendix B.

Occupational Descriptions

T h e p r im a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s is to a s s i s t its
f ie ld s t a ff in c la s s if y in g in to a p p r o p r ia t e o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o ll
t it le s and d if f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n ts f r o m e s ta b lis h m e n t to e s t a b lis h m e n t and f r o m a r e a to a r e a . T h is
p e r m it s th e g ro u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a te s r e p r e s e n t in g c o m p a r a b le jo b co n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f th is
e m p h a s is on in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t and in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ilit y o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n te n t, th e B u r e a u 's jo b
d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d if f e r s ig n ific a n t ly f r o m t h o s e in u se in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r
o t h e r p u r p o s e s . In a p p ly in g th e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's f ie ld e c o n o m is t s a r e in s t r u c t e d to e x c lu d e
w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t ic e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; and h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y ,
and p r o b a t io n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
S E C R E T A R Y — C on tin u ed

SECRETARY
A s s ig n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to on e in d iv id u a l. M a in ­
ta in s a c l o s e and h ig h ly r e s p o n s iv e r e la t io n s h ip to th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k o f
th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o r k s f a i r l y in d e p e n d e n tly r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d
s u p e r v is io n and g u id a n c e . P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l d u tie s ,
u s u a lly in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g :

d.

e. R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d by
o t h e r s f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s ig n a t u r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and t y p o g r a p h ic
accu ra cy;

a. R e c e iv e s te le p h o n e c a l l s , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and in c o m in g m a il ,
a n s w e r s ro u tin e in q u ir ie s , and r o u te s t e c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s to th e p r o p e r
person s;
b.
c.
in s t r u c t e d ;

E s t a b lis h e s ,

m a in ta in s , and r e v i s e s the s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ;

M a in ta in s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's




c a le n d a r and m a k e s

a p p o in tm e n ts

as

R e la y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r v i s o r to s u b o r d in a t e s ;

f.

P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic and ty p in g w o r k .

M a y a ls o p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l ta s k s o f c o m p a r a b le
n a tu re and d if f ic u lt y . T h e w o r k t y p ic a lly r e q u ir e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e ro u tin e
and u n d e r sta n d in g o f th e o r g a n iz a t io n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e la t e d to
th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v is o r .

B e g in n in g w ith c a le n d a r y e a r 1976 s u r v e y s , th e B u r e a u has g r o u p e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d in its
a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s in to jo b f a m ilie s in o r d e r to p r e s e n t in fo r m a t io n on r e la t e d o c c u p a t io n s in s e q u e n c e .
J o b f a m ilie s h a v e n ot b e e n t it le d , h o w e v e r , s in c e d oin g s o m ig h t h a v e a d d ed e x t r a n e o u s e le m e n t s to th e
jo b m a tc h in g p r o c e s s .
T h e B u r e a u h as a ls o r e v is e d s e v e r a l o c c u p a t io n a l t i t l e s .
u su a l w o r d o r d e r and a r e m o r e d e s c r i p t i v e o f th e s u r v e y jo b s .

T h e r e v is e d t i t le s m o r e n e a r ly r e f l e c t

R e v is e d o c c u p a t io n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s a r e b e in g in t r o d u c e d th is y e a r f o r : O r d e r c l e r k ; p a y r o l l c le r k ;
s w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r ; s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t ; t r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h i n e t y p is t ( p r e v io u s ly t it le d
t r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r ) ; m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r ( t o o lr o o m ) ; and t o o l and d ie m a k e r . T h e y a r e th e
r e s u lt o f th e B u r e a u 's p o l i c y o f p e r i o d i c a l l y r e v ie w in g a r e a w a g e s u r v e y o c c u p a t io n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s in
o r d e r to ta k e in to a c c o u n t t e c h n o lo g ic a l d e v e lo p m e n t s and to c l a r i f y d e s c r i p t i o n s s o that th e y a r e m o r e
r e a d ily u n d e r s t o o d and u n ifo r m ly in t e r p r e t e d . E v en th ou g h th e r e v i s e d d e s c r i p t i o n s r e f l e c t b a s i c a l l y th e
s a m e o c c u p a t io n s as p r e v io u s ly d e fin e d , s o m e r e p o r t in g ch a n g e s m a y o c c u r b e c a u s e o f th e r e v i s i o n s .

42

SE C R E TA R Y— Continued

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

E xclusions

Not a ll
ch aracteristics.
a r e as f o l l o w s :

p o s i t i o n s that a r e t i t l e d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the a b o v e
E x a m p l e s o f p o s i t i o n s w h i c h a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e d e f in it io n

a. P o s i t i o n s
d e s crib e d above;
b.

w hich

do not

m e e t th e

"p erson a l"

secretary

concept

4 . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f an i n d iv id u a l pla n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r
o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

of p r o ­

5. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a l a r g e and i m p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m i d d l e m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t
o f t e n i n v o l v i n g as m a n y as s e v e r a l h u n d r e d p e r s o n s ) o r a c o m p a n y that
e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

S t e n o g r a p h e r s n ot f u l l y t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l - t y p e d u tie s ;

c . S t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g as o f f i c e
fe ssio n a l, tech n ica l, o r m a n a geria l p e rso n s ;

assistants

d. S e c r e t a r y p o s i t i o n s in w h i c h the du tie s
m o r e ro u tin e o r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e c o m p l e x and
c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e f in itio n ;

to a g r o u p

3. S e c r e t a r y to the h e a d , i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the o f f i c e r l e v e l , o v e r
e ith e r a m a j o r c o r p o r a te w id e functional activity (e .g ., m a rk e tin g , r e s e a r c h ,
o p e r a t i o n s , i n d u s t r i a l r e l a t i o n s , e t c . ) o r_ a m a j o r g e o g r a p h i c o r o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a j o r d i v i s i o n ) o f a c o m p a n y that
e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 but f e w e r th an 25 , 000 e m p l o y e e s ; o r

a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t ia lly
r e s p o n s i b l e than t h o s e

e. A s s i s t a n t - t y p e p o s i t i o n s w h i c h i n v o l v e m o r e d i f f ic u l t o r m o r e
re spon sib le tech n ica l, adm inistrative, su p e rv is o ry , o r sp e cia liz e d c le r ic a l
du tie s w h i c h a r e n o t t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in t h e l e v e l d e f in it io n s
f o l l o w i n g , r e f e r s to t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w h o h a v e a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e w i d e
p o l i c y m a k i n g r o l e w ith r e g a r d t o m a j o r c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t i t le " v i c e
p r e s i d e n t , " t h o u g h n o r m a l l y i n d i c a t i v e o f th is r o l e , d o e s not in all c a s e s
id e n t i f y s u c h p o s i t i o n s . V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is to
a c t p e r s o n a l l y on i n d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r deny
in d iv id u a l l o a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ; a d m i n i s t e r in d i v i d u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y
s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s ta ff) a r e not c o n s i d e r e d to b e " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r
p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e f o l l o w i n g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
C lass A
1. S e c r e t a r y t o th e c h a i r m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y
that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r than th e c h a i r m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 but
f e w e r th an 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y t o the h e a d , i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r
l e v e l , o f a m a j o r s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a ll,
o v e r 25 ,00 0 p e r s o n s .

C lass B
1. S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a i r m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y
that e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

C lass C
1. S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n ­
s i b i l i t y i s n ot e q u iv a le n t to o n e o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s itu a tio n s in the d e f in itio n
/fo r c l a s s B , but w h o s e o r g a n i z a t i o n a l unit n o r m a l l y n u m b e r s at l e a s t s e v e r a l
d o z e n e m p l o y e e s and is u s u a l l y d i v i d e d in to o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t s w h i c h
a r e o f t e n , in tu r n , f u r t h e r s u b d iv id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , this l e v e l i n ­
c l u d e s a w id e ra n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n l y o n e o r t w o ; o r
2. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f an i n d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r
o t h e r e a u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a ll, f e w e r tha n 5 , 0 0 0
persons.
C lass D
1. S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d
unit ( e . g . , f e w e r th an about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; c>r

o f a sm a ll organizational

2. S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m ­
p lo y e e , adm inistrative o f f i c e r , o r a ssistan t, sk illed tech n ician , o r exp ert.
(NOTE:
M a n y c o m p a n i e s a s s i g n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r than s e c r e t a r i e s as
d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to th is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r . )
STENOGRAPHER
P r i m a r y duty i s to ta k e d i c t a t i o n u s in g s h o r t h a n d , and to t r a n s c r i b e
th e d i c t a t i o n .
M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r i t t e n c o p y .
May operate fr o m a
sten ogra ph ic p ool.
M a y o c c a s i o n a l l y t r a n s c r i b e f r o m v o i c e r e c o r d i n g s (if
p r i m a r y duty i s t r a n s c r i b i n g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s , s e e T r a m s c r i b i n g - M a c h i n e
Ty pist).
N O T E : T h is j o b i s d i s t i n g u i s h e d f r o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in th at a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a l l y w o r k s in a c o n f i d e n t i a l r e l a t i o n s h i p w ith o n ly on e m a n a g e r
o r e x e c u t i v e and p e r f o r m s m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e amd d i s c r e t i o n a r y t a s k s as
d e s c r i b e d in the s e c r e t a r y j o b d e f in it io n .
Stenographer, G eneral

2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th an th e c h a i r m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but f e w e r
than 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r




keep

D i c t a t i o n i n v o l v e s a n o r m a l ro u tin e v o c a b u l a r y . M a y m a in ta in f i l e s ,
s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y r o u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .

STE N O G R APH ER — Continued

F IL E C LERK— Continued

S ten ograp h er, Senior
D ic t a t io n i n v o l v e s a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o ca b u la rys u c h as in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h . M a y a l s o set up
and m a i n t a i n f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .

C lass B
S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p l e
( s u b j e c t m a t t e r ) n e a d in g s o r p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f i n e r s u b h e a d i n g s .
P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d in d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s .
As r e q u e ste d ,
l o c a t e s c l e a r l y i d e n t i f i e d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l . M a y p e r ­
f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d to m a in t a in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h i c d u tie s r e q u i r i n g s i g n i f i c a n t l y g r e a t e r i n ­
d e p e n d e n c e and r e s p o n s i b i l i t y than s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l , as e v i d e n c e d b y
the f o l l o w i n g :
W o r k r e q u i r e s a h ig h d e g r e e o f s t e n o g r a p h i c s p e e d and
a c c u r a c y ; a t h o r o u g h w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s and o f f i c e p r o ­
c e d u r e ; and o f the s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t i o n , p o l i c i e s ,
procedures, f i l e s ,
w o r k f l o w , e tc .
U s e s th is k n o w l e d g e in p e r f o r m i n g
s t e n o g r a p h i c d u tie s and r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l ta s k s s u c h as m a in t a in in g
f o l l o w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , and l e t t e r s ;
c o m p o s i n g s i m p l e l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d in g and ro u tin g
i n c o m i n g m a i l ; and a n s w e r i n g r o u t in e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .
T R A N SC R IB IN G -M A C H IN E TY P IS T
P r i m a r y du ty is to ty pe c o p y o f v o i c e r e c o r d e d d i c t a t i o n w h i c h d o e s
not i n v o l v e v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u c h as that u s e d in
l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h . M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n
c o p y . M a y m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y
r o u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
(See S t e n o g r a p h e r d e f i n i t i o n f o r w o r k e r s i n v o l v e d
w ith s h o r t h a n d d i c t a t i o n . )
TYPIST
U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s o r to m a k e
out b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a t i o n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o t h e r p e r s o n .
May in ­
c lu d e ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p lic a t in g
processes.
M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k i n v o l v i n g lit tle s p e c i a l t r a i n i n g , s u c h as
k e e p in g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f ilin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g and d is t r ib u t in g
in com in g m a il.
C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : T y p i n g m a t e r i a l
in fin a l f o r m w hen it i n v o l v e s c o m b i n i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g , s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c tu a t io n , e t c . , o f t e c h ­
n i c a l o r u nusu al w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ; o r p la n n in g la y o u t and
ty p in g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s to m a in t a in u n i f o r m i t y and b a l a n c e in
s p a c i n g . M a y ty p e r o u tin e f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y i n g d e t a ils to suit c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C l a s s B. P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : C o p y ty p in g f r o m
r o u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ; o r r o u tin e t y p in g o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ;
o r s e tt in g up s i m p l e s t a n d a r d t a b u l a t i o n s ; o r c o p y i n g m o r e c o m p l e x ta b le s
a l r e a d y s e t up and s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .
FILE CLERK
F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r i a l in an e s t a b l i s h e d filin g
s y s t e m . M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d to m a in t a in f i l e s .
P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d into l e v e l s on the b a s i s o f the f o l l o w i n g d e f i n i t i o n s .
C l a s s A. C l a s s i f i e s and in d e x e s f i l e m a t e r i a l s u ch as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n t s , e t c . , in an e s t a b l i s h e d f ilin g s y s t e m
c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d s u b j e c t m a t t e r f i l e s .
M a y a l s o f i l e th is
m a teria l.
M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c t i o n w ith the f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a l l g r o u p o f l o w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .




C l a s s C. P e r f o r m s r o u tin e f ilin g o f m a t e r i a l that has a l r e a d y b e e n
c l a s s i f i e d o r w h i c h is e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
system
(e .g ., alphabetical, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r n u m erica l).
As requested,
l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l ; and m a y
f i l l out w i t h d r a w a l c h a r g e .
M a y p e r f o r m s i m p l e c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l ta s k s
r e q u i r e d t o m a i n t a i n and s e r v i c e f i l e s .
MESSENGER
P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u tin e d u tie s s u c h as ru nn in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t i n g
m i n o r o f f i c e m a c h i n e s s u c h as s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g and d is t r ib u t in g
m a i l , and o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x c l u d e p o s i t i o n s that r e q u i r e o p e r a t i o n
o f a m o t o r v e h i c l e as a s i g n i f i c a n t duty.
SW ITCH BOARD O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a t e l e p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e u s e d w ith a p r i v a t e
b r a n c h e x c h a n g e ( P B X ) s y s t e m to r e l a y i n c o m i n g , o u t g o i n g , and i n t r a s y s t e m
ca lls.
M a y p r o v i d e i n f o r m a t i o n to c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and t r a n s m i t m e s s a g e s ,
k e e p r e c o r d o f c a l l s p l a c e d and t o l l c h a r g e s . B e s i d e s o p e r a t i n g a t e l e p h o n e
s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , m a y a l s o t y p e o r p e r f o r m r o u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k
(ty pin g o r ro u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y o c c u p y th e m a j o r p o r t i o n o f the w o r k e r ' s
t i m e , and is u s u a l l y p e r f o r m e d w h i l e at th e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e ) . C h i e f o r
le a d o p e r a t o r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than o n e o p e r a t o r a r e
e x c l u d e d . F o r an o p e r a t o r w h o a l s o a c ts as a r e c e p t i o n i s t , s e e S w i t c h b o a r d
O perator-R eceptionist.
SW ITCH BO ARD O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
At a
an o p e r a t o r —
w ork in volves
b u s i n e s s and
priate p e r so n
a r r a n g i n g an

s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n t e l e p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , a cts b o th as
s e e S w i t c h b o a r d O p e r a t o r — and as a r e c e p t i o n i s t . R e c e p t i o n i s t ' s
s u c h d u tie s as g r e e t i n g v i s i t o r s ; d e t e r m i n i n g n a tu r e o f v i s i t o r ' s
p r o v i d i n g a p p r o p r i a t e i n f o r m a t i o n ; r e f e r r i n g v i s i t o r to a p p r o ­
in th e o r g a n i z a t i o n o r c o n t a c t i n g that p e r s o n b y te l e p h o n e and
a p p o in t m e n t ; k e e p i n g a l o g o f v i s i t o r s .

ORDER CLERK
R e c e iv e s w ritten o r v e r b a l c u s t o m e r s ' p u rch a se o r d e r s fo r m a te ria l
o r m e rch a n d ise fr o m cu sto m e rs o r sales p eop le.
W o rk typically in volves
s o m e c o m b i n a t i o n o f the f o l l o w i n g d u t i e s : Q u o tin g p r i c e s ; d e t e r m i n i n g a v a i l a ­
b i l i t y o f o r d e r e d i t e m s and s u g g e s t i n g s u b s t i t u t e s w h e n n e c e s s a r y ; a d v i s in g
e x p e c t e d d e l i v e r y date and m e t h o d o f d e l i v e r y ; r e c o r d i n g o r d e r and c u s t o m e r
i n f o r m a t i o n o n o r d e r s h e e t s ; c h e c k i n g o r d e r s h e e t s f o r a c c u r a c y and
a d e q u a c y o f i n f o r m a t i o n r e c o r d e d ; a s c e r t a i n i n g c r e d i t ra ting o f c u s t o m e r ;
f u r n i s h i n g c u s t o m e r w ith a c k n o w l e d g e m e n t o f r e c e i p t o f o r d e r ; f o l l o w i n g - u p
to s e e that o r d e r i s d e l i v e r e d b y the s p e c i f i e d date o r to le t c u s t o m e r kn o w
o f a d e la y in d e l i v e r y ; m a in t a in in g o r d e r f i l e ; c h e c k i n g sh ip p in g i n v o i c e
a g a in s t o r i g i n a l o r d e r .

ORDER C LERK— Continued

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

E x c l u d e w o r k e r s p a i d o n a c o m m i s s i o n b a s i s o r w h o s e du tie s in c lu d e
any o f th e f o l l o w i n g : R e c e i v i n g o r d e r s f o r s e r v i c e s r a t h e r th an f o r m a t e r i a l
o r m e r c h a n d i s e ; p r o v i d i n g c u s t o m e r s w ith c o n s u l t a t i v e a d v i c e u sin g k n o w l e d g e
g a in e d f r o m e n g i n e e r i n g o r 3 x t e n s i v e t e c h n i c a l t r a i n i n g ; e m p h a s i z i n g s e l l i n g
s k i l l s ; h a n d lin g m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d i s e as an i n t e g r a l p a r t o f the j o b .

O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h i n e (w ith o r w ith o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y ­
b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s .

P osition s
defin ition s:

are

cla ssified

in to

levels

a ccord in g

to

the

follow ing

C l a s s A . H a n d le s o r d e r s that i n v o l v e m a k i n g j u d g m e n t s s u c h as
c h o o s i n g w h i c h s p e c i f i c p r o d u c t o r m a t e r i a l f r o m th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t ' s p r o d u c t
iin e s w i l l s a t i s f y th e c u s t o m e r ’ s n e e d s , o r d e t e r m i n i n g th e p r i c e to b e q u o t e d
w h e n p r i c i n g i n v o l v e s m o r e th a n m e r e l y r e f e r r i n g t o a p r i c e l i s t o r m a k in g
s o m e s im p le m a t h e m a tica l calcu lation s.
C l a s s B . H a n d le s o r d e r s in vo v in g i t e m s w h i c h h a v e r e a d i l y i d e n ­
t i f i e d u s e s and a p p l i c a t i o n s . M a y r e f e r t o a c a t a l o g , m a n u f a c t u r e r ' s m a n u a l,
o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t t o i n s u r e that p r o p e r i t e m i s s u p p lie d o r to v e r i f y
p r ic e of o r d e r e d item .

ACCOU N TIN G C L E R K
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e a c c o u n t i n g c l e r i c a l t a s k s s u c h as p o s t i n g to
r e g i s t e r s and l e d g e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g b a nk a c c o u n t s ; v e r i f y i n g th e i n t e r n a l c o n ­
s i s t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , and m a t h e m a t i c a l a c c u r a c y o f a c c o u n t i n g d o c u m e n t s ;
a s s i g n i n g p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t i n g d i s t r i b u t i o n c o d e s ; e x a m i n i n g and v e r i f y i n g
fo r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y va riou s types o f r e p o r ts , lis t s , calcu la tion s, posting,
e t c . ; o r p r e p a r i n g s i m p l e o r a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r i n g m o r e c o m p l i c a t e d j o u r n a l
vouchers.
M a y w o r k in e i t h e r a m a n u a l o r a u t o m a t e d a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m .
T h e w o r k r e q u i r e s a k n o w l e d g e o f c l e r i c a l m e t h o d s and o f f i c e
p r a c t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h i c h r e l a t e s t o the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g and r e ­
c o r d i n g o f t r a n s a c t i o n s and a c c o u n t i n g i n f o r m a t i o n .
W it h e x p e r i e n c e , the
w o r k e r t y p i c a l l y b e c o m e s f a m i l i a r w ith th e b o o k k e e p i n g and a c c o u n t i n g t e r m s
and p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in the a s s i g n e d w o r k , but is not r e q u i r e d to h av e a
k n o w l e d g e o f th e f o r m a l p r i n c i p l e s o f b o o k k e e p i n g and a c c o u n t i n g .
P osition s
d efin ition s.

are

cla ssified

in to

le v e ls on

the b a s i s

of

th e f o l l o w i n g

C l a s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s a c c o u n t in g c l e r i c a l
o p e r a t i o n s w h i c h r e q u i r e th e a p p l i c a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e and j u d g m e n t , f o r
e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s i n g c o m p lic a t e d o r n onrep etitive accounting t r a n s ­
a c t i o n s , s e l e c t i n g a m o n g a s u b s t a n t ia l v a r i e t y o f p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t i n g c o d e s
and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c i n g t r a n s a c t i o n s th o u gh p r e v i o u s a c c o u n t i n g a c t i o n s
to d eterm ine so u rc e o f d is c r e p a n c ie s .
M ay be a ssiste d b y one o r m o r e
c la s s B accou nting c le r k s .
C la ss B . U nder c l o s e s u p e r v is io n , follow in g detailed in stru ction s
and s t a n d a r d i z e d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e r o u tin e a c c o u n t i n g
c l e r i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , s u c h as p o s t i n g t o l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e
i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f i t e m s and l o c a t i o n s o f p o s t i n g s a r e c l e a r l y i n d i c a t e d ; c h e c k ­
i n g a c c u r a c y a nd c o m p l e t e n e s s o f s t a n d a r d i z e d and r e p e t i t i v e r e c o r d s o r
a c c o u n t i n g d o c u m e n t s ; and c o d i n g d o c u m e n t s u s in g a f e w p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t ­
ing c o d e s .




C l a s s A . K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w le d g e o f and
e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c b o o k k e e p i n g p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m i l i a r i t y w ith the s t r u c t u r e
o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m u s e d .
D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d i s t r i b u t i o n o f d e b it and c r e d i t i t e m s t o b e u s e d in e a c h p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l i d a t e d r e p o r t s , b a l a n c e s h e e t s , and o t h e r r e c o r d s b y hand.
C la ss B . K eeps a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e phases o r s ection s o f a
s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly r e q u i r i n g lit t le k n o w l e d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p i n g . P h a s e s
o r s e c t i o n s i n c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b l e , p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (not i n ­
c lu d in g a s i m p l e t y p e o f b i l l i n g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r m a c h i n e b i l l e r ) , c o s t d i s ­
tribution, exp en se distribution, in ven tory c o n tro l, etc. M ay check o r a ssist
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r the a c c o u n t in g
departm ent.

M

r~HINE B I L L E R

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , and i n v o i c e s o n a m a c h i n e o t h e r than
ar. o r d i n a r y o r e i e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r i t e r . M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s as to b i l l i n g s
o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l w o r k i n c id e n t a l to b i l l i n g
o p e r a t i o n s . F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e b i l l e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty pe
o f m a c h i n e , as f o l l o w s :
B illin g - m ach in e b i l l e r . U ses a s p e c ia l billin g m ach in e (com bin ation
t y p in g and a ddin g m a c h i n e ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s and i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s *
p u r c n a s e o r d e r s , i n t e r n a l l y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o r a n d u m s , e t c .
U s u a lly i n v o l v e s a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d i s c o u n t s and sh ip p in g c h a r g e s
and e m r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h i c h m a y o r m a y not b e c o m p u t e d on
the b i l l i n g m a c h i n e , and t o t a l s w h i c h a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d b y
m a c h i n e . T h e o p e r a t i o n u s u a lly i n v o l v e s a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f
the b i l l b e i n g p r e p a r e d and is o f t e n d o n e on a f a n f o l d m a c h i n e .
B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h i n e b i l l e r . U s e s a b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h i n e (with o r
w ith ou t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s as p a r t o f the
a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t i o n . G e n e r a l l y i n v o l v e s th e s i m u l t a n e o u s e n t r y o f
fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . The m a ch in e autom atically accu m u la tes
f i g u r e s o n a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o l u m n s and c o m p u t e s and u s u a l l y p r in t s
a u t o m a t i c a lly th e d e b it o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s .
D o e s not i n v o l v e a k n o w l e d g e
o f bookkeeping.
W o r k s f r o m u n i f o r m and s ta n d a r d ty p e s o f s a l e s and
cred it slip s.

P A Y R O L L CLERK
P e r f o r m s th e c l e r i c a l t a s k s n e c e s s a r y t o p r o c e s s p a y r o l l s and to
m a i n t a i n p a y r o l l r e c o r d s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P r o c e s s i n g
w o r k e r s ' t i m e o r p r o d u c t i o n r e c o r d s ; a d j u s ti n g w o r k e r s ' r e c o r d s f o r c h a n g e s
in w a g e r a t e s , s u p p l e m e n t a r y b e n e f i t s , o r t a x d e d u c t i o n s ; e dit in g p a y r o l l
l i s t i n g s a g a in s t s o u r c e r e c o r d s ; t r a c i n g and c o r r e c t i n g e r r o r s in l i s t i n g s ;
and a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r a t i o n o f p e r i o d i c s u m m a r y p a y r o l l r e p o r t s . In a n o n autom ated p a y r o ll s y ste m , com pu tes w ages
W o rk m a y requ ire a p r a c t ic a l
k n o w l e d g e o f g o v e r n m e n t a l r e g u l a t i o n s , c o m p a n y p a y r o l l p o l i c y , o r the
com pu ter system fo r p r o ce ssin g p a yrolls.

KEYPUNCH O P E R A TO R

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

O p e r a t e s a k e y p u n c h m a c h i n e to r e c o r d o r v e r i f y a l p h a b e t i c a n d / o r
n u m e r i c data o n ta b u la tin g c a r d s o r o n tape.

f r o m th is d e f in it io n a r e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s . A l s o e x c l u d e d a r e o p e r a t o r s
o f e l e c t r o n i c d ig it a l c o m p u t e r s , e v e n th o u g h t h e y m a y a l s o o p e r a t e e l e c t r i c
a c c o u n t i n g m a c h i n e e q u ip m e n t .

P ositions
defin ition s.

are

classified

in to

l e v e l s o n the

basis o f

P osition s
d efin ition s.

the f o l l o w i n g

cla ssified

in to l e v e l s

o n the

b a s i s o f the f o l l o w i n g

C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g and ta b u la tin g a s s i g n m e n t s
i n c lu d in g d e v i s i n g d i f f i c u l t c o n t r o l p a n e l w i r i n g u n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n .
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e a v a r i e t y o f lo n g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w h i c h
o f t e n a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g , r e q u i r i n g s o m e pla n n in g o f the n a t u r e
and s e q u e n c i n g o f o p e r a t i o n s , and th e u s e o f a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n e s .
Is
t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e d in t r a i n i n g n e w o p e r a t o r s in m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s o r t r a i n i n g
l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s in w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and in the o p e r a t i n g s e q u e n c e s
o f lo n g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D o e s not i n c l u d e p o s i t i o n s in w h i c h w i r i n g
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s l i m i t e d to s e l e c t i o n and i n s e r t i o n o f p r e w i r e d b o a r d s .

C l a s s A . W o r k r e q u i r e s th e a p p l i c a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e and ju d g m e n t
in s e l e c t i n g p r o c e d u r e s to b e f o l l o w e d and in s e a r c h i n g f o r , i n t e r p r e t i n g ,
s e l e c t i n g , o r c o d i n g i t e m s to b e k e y p u n c h e d f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s o u r c e
docum ents.
On o c c a s i o n m a y a l s o p e r f o r m s o m e r o u tin e k e y p u n c h w o r k .
M ay train in e x p e rie n ce d keypunch o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . W o r k is ro u tin e and r e p e t i t i v e . U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n
o r follow ing s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r in st r u c tio n s , w o rk s f r o m v a r io u s stand­
a r d i z e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s w h i c h h av e b e e n c o d e d , and f o l l o w s s p e c i f i e d
p r o c e d u r e s w h i c h h a v e b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a il and r e q u i r e li t tle o r no
s e l e c t i n g , c o d i n g , o r i n t e r p r e t i n g o f data t o b e r e c o r d e d .
R e f e r s to s u ­
p e r v is o r p roblem s
a risin g f r o m e r ro n e o u s item s o r codes o r m iss in g
in fo r m a t i o n .

C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d i n g to e s t a b l i s h e d p r o c e d u r e s and
under s p e c ific in stru ctio n s.
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e c o m p l e t e but
r o u tin e and r e c u r r i n g r e p o r t s o r p a r t s o f l a r g e r and m o r e c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a t e s m o r e d i f f i c u l t ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g m a c h i n e s s u c h as
th e t a b u l a t o r and c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d itio n to the s i m p l e r m a c h i n e s u s e d b y
class C op e ra to rs.
M a y b e r e q u i r e d to do s o m e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s .
M a y t r a i n n e w e m p l o y e e s in b a s i c m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s .

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

cu lator,

are

C l a s s C . U n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s , o p e r a t e s s i m p l e t a b u la tin g o r
e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g m a c h i n e s s u c h as th e s o r t e r , i n t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g
p u n c h , c o l l a t o r , e t c . A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e p o r t i o n s o f a w o r k unit,
f o r e x a m p l e , i n d iv id u a l s o r t i n g o r c o l l a t i n g r u n s , o r r e p e t i t i v e o p e r a t i o n s .
May p e r fo r m
s i m p l e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s , and do s o m e f ilin g w o r k .

O p e r a t e s o n e o r a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n e s s u c h as th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l ­
c o l l a t o r , in t e r p r e t e r , s o r t e r , re p ro d u cin g punch, etc.
Excluded

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINE SS— C o n tin u e d

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS
A n a l y z e s b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s to f o r m u l a t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o l v i n g
t h e m b y u s e o f e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t . D e v e l o p s a c o m p l e t e
d e s c r i p t i o n o f a ll s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d to e n a b le p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u i r e d d ig it a l c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m s .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
A n a l y z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t i o n s to b e a u t o m a t e d and i d e n t i f i e s c o n d it io n s
and c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d to a c h i e v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r and
t y p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d o c u m e n t s t o b e u s e d ; o u t lin e s a c t i o n s to be
p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u t e r s in s u f f i c i e n t d e t a il f o r p r e s e n t a t i o n
to m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y th is i n v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f
w o r k and data f l o w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s the d e v e l o p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s and
p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l ru ns o f n e w and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s
e q u ip m e n t c h a n g e s to o b ta in m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l o p e r a t i o n s .
(NOTE:
W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o t h s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g s h o u ld b e c l a s ­
s i f i e d as s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s i f th is is the s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y . )

F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :
C l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s i n v o l v i n g a ll p h a s e s o f s y s t e m a n a l y s i s .
P r o b le m s are
c o m p l e x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f input data and m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e ­
m e n t s o f output data.
(F o r ex a m p le , dev elops
an i n t e g r a t e d p r o d u c t i o n
s c h e d u l i n g , i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , and s a l e s a n a l y s i s r e c o r d in
w h i c h e v e r y i t e m o f e a c h t y p e is a u t o m a t i c a l l y p r o c e s s e d th r o u g h th e fu ll
s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r i a t e f o l l o w u p a c t i o n s a r e in itia t e d b y the
c o m p u t e r . ) C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e th e data p r o c e s s i n g
p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e i m p l i c a t i o n s o f n e w o r
r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f data p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s . M a k e s r e c o m m e n d a t i o n s , if
n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s i n s t a l l a t i o n s o r c h a n g e s and f o r
o b ta in in g e q u ip m e n t .
M ay p r o v id e fun ction al
w h o a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

D o e s not i n c l u d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n ­
a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s ,
o r system s
a n a ly s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g i n e e r i n g
p roblem s.




46

direction

to

low er level

system s

a n a ly s t s

C lass B .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n
p r o b l e m s that a r e r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p l i c a t e d to a n a l y z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , and
o p e r a t e . P r o b l e m s a r e o f l i m i t e d c o m p l e x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input data
a r e h o m o g e n e o u s and th e ou tp ut data a r e c l o s e l y r e l a t e d .
(F or exam ple,

C O M PU TER SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS— Continued

C O M P U T E R PR O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS— Continued

d e v e l o p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in t a in in g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n t s in a b a n k , m a in t a in in g
accounts
r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t , o r m a in t a in in g in v e n t o r y
a c c o u n t s in a m a n u f a c t u r i n g o r w h o l e s a l e e s t a b l i s h m e n t . )
C o n f e r s w ith
p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o d e t e r m i n e the data p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s
s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the i m p l i c a t i o n s o f th e data p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s
to b e a p p lie d .

A t th is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m i n g i s d i f f i c u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u i p ­
m e n t m u s t b e o r g a n i z e d to p r o d u c e s e v e r a l i n t e r r e l a t e d but d i v e r s e p r o ­
d u ct s f r o m n u m e r o u s and d i v e r s e data e l e m e n t s .
A w id e v a r i e t y and e x ­
ten siv e n u m ber o f internal p r o c e s s in g actions m ust o c c u r .
T h is r e q u i r e s
s u c h a c t i o n s as d e v e l o p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t i o n s w h i c h ca n b e r e ­
u s e d , e s t a b l i s h m e n t o f lin k a g e p o in t s b e t w e e n o p e r a t i o n s , a d j u s t m e n t s to
data w h e n p r o g r a m r e q u i r e m e n t s e x c e e d c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , and
s u b s t a n t ia l m a n i p u l a t i o n and r e s e q u e n c i n g o f data e l e m e n t s t o f o r m a
h ig h ly i n t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .

OR
W o r k s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p l e x data p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m ,
as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o n r o u tin e a s s i g n m e n t s and
r e c e i v e s i n s t r u c t i o n and g u id a n c e o n c o m p l e x a s s i g n m e n t s . W o r k is r e v i e w e d
f o r a c c u r a c y o f j u d g m e n t , c o m p l i a n c e w ith i n s t r u c t i o n s , and to i n s u r e
p r o p e r a l i g n m e n t w ith th e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .
C l a s s C . W o r k s u n d e r i m m e d i a t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g out a n a l y s e s
as a s s i g n e d , u s u a l l y o f a s i n g l e a c t i v i t y . A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s i g n e d to d e v e l o p
and e x p a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e in the a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r o c e d u r e s and s k i l l s
r e q u ire d f o r s y s te m s a nalysis w o rk . F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s sist a h ig h er le v e l
s y s t e m s a n a ly s t b y p r e p a r i n g the d e t a i l e d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u i r e d b y p r o ­
g r a m m e r s f r o m i n f o r m a t i o n d e v e l o p e d b y th e h i g h e r l e v e l a n a ly s t .

M ay p r o v id e functional d ir e c tio n
a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

C l a s s B . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
r e l a t i v e l y s i m p l e p r o g r a m s , o r on s i m p l e s e g m e n t s o f c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a l l y p r o c e s s i n f o r m a t i o n t o p r o d u c e data in tw o
o r t h r e e v a r i e d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s . R e p o r t s and l i s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y
r e f i n i n g , a d a p tin g , a r r a y i n g , o r m a k in g m i n o r a d d itio n s t o o r d e l e t i o n s f r o m
input data w h i c h a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e
p r o c e s s e d , th e data h av e b e e n r e f i n e d in p r i o r a c t i o n s s o that the a c c u r a c y
and s e q u e n c i n g o f data can b e t e s t e d b y u sin g a f e w r o u tin e c h e c k s . T y p i c a l l y ,
th e p r o g r a m d e a l s w ith r o u tin e r e c o r d k e e p i n g o p e r a t i o n s .

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS

OR

C o n ve rts statem ents o f b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s , ty p ica lly p r e p a r e d by a
s y s t e m s a n a ly s t , in to a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s w h i c h a r e r e ­
q u i r e d to s o l v e th e p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a t i c data p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t .
W orking fr o m charts o r
d i a g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e l o p s th e p r e ­
c i s e i n s t r u c t i o n s w h i c h , w hen e n t e r e d in to the c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d
l a n g u a g e , c a u s e th e m a n i p u l a t i o n o f data to a c h i e v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s .
W ork
i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : A p p l i e s k n o w l e d g e o f c o m p u t e r c a p a ­
b i l i t i e s , m a t h e m a t i c s , l o g i c e m p l o y e d b y c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t i c u l a r s u b ­
j e c t m a t t e r i n v o l v e d to a n a ly z e c h a r t s and d i a g r a m s o f th e p r o b l e m to
b e p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e l o p s s e q u e n c e o f p r o g r a m s t e p s ; w r i t e s d e t a i l e d f lo w
c h a r t s to s h o w o r d e r in w h i c h data w i l l b e p r o c e s s e d ;
con verts these
c h a r t s to c o d e d i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r m a c h i n e t o f o l l o w ; t e s t s and c o r r e c t s
p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r o p e r a t i n g p e r s o n n e l d u r in g p r o d u c t i o n
ru n; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , and a l t e r s p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e o p e r a t i n g e f f i ­
c i e n c y o r adapt to n e w r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m a in t a in s r e c o r d s o f p r o g r a m d e ­
v e l o p m e n t and r e v i s i o n s . ( N O T E :
W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o th s y s t e m s a n a l ­
y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s i f th is is
the s k i l l u s e d t o d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y . )
D o e s n o t i n c l u d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n ­
a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s ,
o r p r o g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c a n d / o r e n g i n e e r i n g
p rob lem s.
F o r w a g e s tu d y

purposes,

program m ers

a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :

C l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n
on c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h i c h r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in all p h a s e s o f p r o ­
g r a m m i n g c o n c e p t s and p r a c t i c e s .
W o r k i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and c h a r t s
w h i c h i d e n t i f y th e n a t u r e o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g s t e p s to
b e a c c o m p l i s h e d , and th e r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n v a r i o u s s t e p s o f th e p r o b ­
l e m s o l v i n g r o u t in e ; p la n s th e fu ll ra n g e o f p r o g r a m m i n g a c t i o n s n e e d e d
to e f f i c i e n t l y u t iliz e th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in a c h i e v i n g d e s i r e d en d p r o d u c t s .




t o l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s who

W o r k s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s
(as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A) u n d e r
c lo s e d ir e ctio n o f a higher le v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r su p e r v is o r .
May assist
h i g h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r b y in d e p e n d e n t ly p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d i f f i c u l t t a s k s
a s s i g n e d , and p e r f o r m i n g m o r e d i f f i c u l t t a s k s u n d e r f a i r l y c l o s e d i r e c t i o n .
M a y g u id e o r i n s t r u c t l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la ss C . M akes p r a c t ic a l application s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c tic e s
and c o n c e p t s u s u a lly l e a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a i n i n g c o u r s e s .
A ssign m en ts
a r e d e s i g n e d t o d e v e l o p c o m p e t e n c e in the a p p l i c a t i o n o f s t a n d a r d p r o ­
c e d u r e s to r o u tin e p r o b l e m s .
R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n on n e w a s p e c t s
o f a s s i g n m e n t s ; and w o r k i s r e v i e w e d to v e r i f y its a c c u r a c y and c o n f o r m a n c e
w ith r e q u i r e d p r o c e d u r e s .
COMPUTER OPERATOR
M o n i t o r s and o p e r a t e s th e c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d ig ita l c o m p u t e r to
process
data a c c o r d i n g t o o p e r a t i n g i n s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a
p r o g r a m m e r . W o r k i n c l u d e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Stu d ie s i n s t r u c t i o n s to
d e t e r m i n e e q u ip m e n t s e tu p and o p e r a t i o n s ; l o a d s e q u ip m e n t w ith r e q u i r e d
i t e m s (tape r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w i t c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l i a r y e q u ip m e n t in to
c i r c u i t , and s t a r t s and o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d j u s t m e n t s to c o m p u t e r to
c o r r e c t o p e r a t i n g p r o b l e m s and m e e t s p e c i a l c o n d i t i o n s ;
review s e r r o r s
m a d e d u rin g o p e r a t i o n and d e t e r m i n e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m to s u p e r ­
v i s o r o r p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a i n t a i n s o p e r a t i n g r e c o r d s . M a y t e s t and a s s i s t
in c o r r e c t i n g p r o g r a m .
For

wage

s tu dy

purposes,

com puter

operators

are

cla ssified

as

follow s:
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s i n d e p e n d e n t l y , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a
c o m p u t e r ru nn in g p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s : New
p r o g r a m s a r e f r e q u e n t l y t e s t e d and i n t r o d u c e d ; s c h e d u l i n g r e q u i r e m e n t s a r e

C O M PU TER O P E R A T O R — Continued

D R A F T E R — Continued

o f c r i t i c a l i m p o r t a n c e to m i n i m i z e d o w n t i m e ; th e p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p l e x
d e s i g n s o that i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o f t e n r e q u i r e s a w o r k i n g k n o w ­
l e d g e o f the t o t a l p r o g r a m , and a lte r n a te p r o g r a m s m a y not b e a v a i l a b l e .
M a y g i v e d i r e c t i o n and g u id a n c e t o l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .

m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s , s t r e s s e s , e t c .
R eceiv es
in it ia l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , and a d v i c e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C om pleted
w o r k is c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n i c a l a d e q u a c y .

C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n t ly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a
c o m p u t e r ru nnin g p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s ; M o s t
o f the p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b l i s h e d p r o d u c t i o n r u n s , t y p i c a l l y run o n a r e g u l a r l y
r e c u r r i n g b a s i s ; t h e r e is li t tle o r no t e s t i n g o f n e w p r o g r a m s r e q u i r e d ;
a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v i d e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m n e e d s m a j o r ch a n g e
o r ca nnot b e c o r r e c t e d w it h in a r e a s o n a b l y s h o r t t i m e .
In c o m m o n e r r o r
s it u a t io n s , d i a g n o s e s c a u s e and t a k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c t i o n .
This usually in ­
v o l v e s a p p lyin g p r e v i o u s l y p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u s in g s t a n d a r d
c o r r e c t io n techn iques.
OR
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v i s i o n a c o m p u t e r running p r o g r a m s o r
s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s w ith the c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A. M a y
a s s i s t a h i g h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r b y in d e p e n d e n t ly p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d i f f i c u l t t a s k s
a s s i g n e d , and p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t t a s k s f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s and
w ith f r e q u e n t r e v i e w o f o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d .

expected
ability to
receiv ed
operator

C l a s s C . W o r k s on r o u tin e p r o g r a m s u n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n .
Is
to d e v e l o p w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f th e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t u s e d and
d e t e c t p r o b l e m s i n v o l v e d in ru nnin g r o u tin e p r o g r a m s . U s u a l l y has
s o m e f o r m a l t r a i n i n g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t i o n . M a y a s s i s t h i g h e r l e v e l
on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .

DRAFTER

C l a s s A . P l a n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p l e x i t e m s h av in g
d i s t i n c t i v e d e s i g n f e a t u r e s that d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a ftin g
precedents.
W o r k s in c l o s e s u p p o r t w ith the d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r , and m a y
r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e s i g n c h a n g e s . A n a l y z e s the e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e o n the
d e t a ils o f f o r m , f u n c t i o n , and p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m p o n e n t s and
parts.
W o r k s w ith a m i n i m u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C om pleted w ork
is r e v i e w e d b y d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g i n e e r i n g
d e t e r m i n a t i o n s . M a y e i t h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s o r d i r e c t t h e i r p r e p a r a t i o n b y
low er le ve l drafters.

C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n r o u t i n e and c o m p l e x d r a f tin g a s s i g n m e n t s
that r e q u i r e the a p p l i c a t i o n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d i z e d d r a w in g t e c h n i q u e s
regu la rly used.
D utie s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s u c h w o r k as:
P r e p a r e s w orkin g
d r a w i n g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s , m u l t i p l e f u n c t i o n s , and
p r e c is e p osition al relationsh ips betw een com p on en ts; p r e p a r e s a rch itectu ral
d r a w i n g s f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a b u il d in g i n c lu d in g d e t a i l d r a w in g s o f f o u n d a ­
t i o n s , w a l l s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p l a n s , and r o o f .
U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s and
m a n u a ls in m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y c o m p u t a t i o n s t o d e t e r m i n e q u a n tit ie s o f




C l a s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w i n g s o f s i n g l e units o r p a r t s f o r
en gineering, co n stru ction , m anufacturing, o r rep air p u rp oses.
Types of
d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s ( d e p ic t in g t h r e e d i m e n s i o n s
in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) and s e c t i o n a l v i e w s to c l a r i f y p o s i t i o n i n g o f c o m p o n e n t s
and c o n v e y n e e d e d i n f o r m a t i o n .
C o n s o l i d a t e s d e t a ils f r o m a n u m b e r o f
s o u r c e s and a d ju s ts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e as r e q u i r e d . S u g g e s t e d m e t h o d s o f
a p p r o a c h , a p p l i c a b l e p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v i c e o n s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n
w ith in it ia l a s s i g n m e n t s .
I n s t r u c t i o n s a r e l e s s c o m p l e t e w hen a s s i g n m e n t s
r e c u r . W o r k m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T E R -T R A C E R
C o p i e s pla n s and d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c i n g t r a c i n g
c lo t h o r p a p e r o v e r d r a w i n g s and t r a c i n g w ith pen o r p e n c i l .
( D o e s not
i n c l u d e t r a c i n g l i m i t e d to p la n s p r i m a r i l y c o n s i s t i n g o f s t r a ig h t l i n e s and a
l a r g e s c a l e not r e q u i r i n g c l o s e d e l i n e a t i o n . )
A N D /O R
P r e p a r e s sim p le o r rep etitive draw in gs
W o r k is c l o s e l y s u p e r v i s e d du rin g p r o g r e s s .

of ea sily v isu alized item s.

E L E C T R O N IC S TECHNICIAN
W o r k s o n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t and r e l a t e d d e v i c e s
b y p e r f o r m i n g o n e o r a c o m b i n a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : I n s t a llin g , m a i n t a i n i n g ,
r e p a i r i n g , o v e r h a u l i n g , t r o u b l e s h o o t i n g , m o d i f y i n g , c o n s t r u c t i n g , and t e s t i n g .
W o rk r e q u ire s p r a c t ic a l app lication o f te c h n ic a l know led ge of e le c t r o n ic s
p r i n c i p l e s , a b ilit y to d e t e r m i n e m a l f u n c t i o n s , and s k i l l to put e q u ip m e n t in
r e q u i r e d o p e r a t i n g co n d it io n .
T h e e q u ip m e n t ---- c o n s i s t i n g o f e i t h e r m a n y d i f f e r e n t kin ds o f c i r c u i t s
o r m u l t i p l e r e p e t i t i o n o f the s a m e k in d o f c i r c u i t — i n c l u d e s , but is not l i m i t e d
t o , th e f o l l o w i n g :
(a) E l e c t r o n i c t r a n s m i t t i n g and r e c e i v i n g e q u ip m e n t ( e . g . ,
r a d a r , r a d i o , t e l e v i s i o n , t e l e p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v i g a t i o n a l a i d s ) , (b) d ig ita l
and a n a lo g c o m p u t e r s , and (c ) i n d u s t r i a l and m e d i c a l m e a s u r i n g and c o n ­
t r o l l i n g e q u ip m e n t .
T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c l u d e s r e p a i r e r s o f s u c h s ta n d a r d e l e c t r o n i c
e q u ip m e n t as c o m m o n o f f i c e m a c h i n e s and h o u s e h o l d r a d io and t e l e v i s i o n
s e t s ; p r o d u c t i o n a s s e m b l e r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y duty is
s e r v ic in g e l e c t r o n i c te s t in st r u m e n ts ; te c h n ic ia n s who have ad m in istra tiv e
o r s u p e r v i s o r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s i g n e r s , and p r o f e s s i o n a l
en gin eers.
P osition s
defin ition s.

are

cla ssified

into l e v e l s

on

the

b asis

o f the f o l l o w i n g

C l a s s A . A p p l i e s a d v a n c e d t e c h n i c a l k n o w l e d g e to s o l v e u n u su a lly
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , t h o s e that t y p i c a l l y ca n no t b e s o l v e d s o l e l y by
T e f e r e n c e to m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a l s o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k i n g on

ELECTRON ICS TECH N ICIAN — Continued

ELE C T R O N IC S TECH NICIAN— Continued

e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t .
E x a m p l e s o f s u c h p r o b l e m s i n c lu d e l o c a t i o n and
d e n s it y o f c i r c u i t r y , e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c r a d i a t i o n , i s o l a t i n g m a l f u n c t i o n s , and
frequent en gin eerin g changes.
W ork in volves:
A d e t a i l e d u n d e r s t a n d in g o f
the i n t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g in d e p e n d e n t j u d g m e n t in p e r ­
f o r m i n g s u c h t a s k s as m a k in g c i r c u i t a n a l y s e s , c a l c u l a t i n g w a v e f o r m s ,
t r a c i n g r e l a t i o n s h i p s in s i g n a l f l o w ; and r e g u l a r l y u sin g c o m p l e x t e s t i n ­
strum ents
( e . g . , du al t r a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v i a t i o n m e t e r s ,
pulse g e n e ra to rs ).

C l a s s C . A p p l i e s w o r k i n g t e c h n i c a l k n o w l e d g e to p e r f o r m s i m p l e o r
r o u tin e t a s k s in w o r k i n g o n e l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t , f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d i n ­
s t r u c t i o n s w h i c h c o v e r v i r t u a l l y a ll p r o c e d u r e s . W o r k t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s s u c h
t a s k s a s : A s s i s t i n g h i g h e r l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n s b y p e r f o r m i n g s u c h a c t i v i t i e s as
r e p l a c i n g c o m p o n e n t s , w i r i n g c i r c u i t s , and takin g t e s t r e a d i n g s ; r e p a i r i n g
s i m p l e e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t ; and u sin g t o o l s and c o m m o n t e s t i n s t r u m e n t s
( e . g . , m u l t i m e t e r s , audio s i g n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tu b e t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) . Is
not r e q u i r e d to b e f a m i l i a r w ith the i n t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s .
T h is
k n o w l e d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y b e a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a s s i g n m e n t s d e s i g n e d to i n ­
c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e (in c lu d in g c l a s s r o o m t r a i n i n g ) so that w o r k e r ca n a d v a n c e
to h i g h e r l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n .

W o r k m a y b e r e v i e w e d b y s u p e r v i s o r ( f r e q u e n t l y an e n g i n e e r o r
d e s i g n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p l i a n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s .
May pr o v id e
t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e to l o w e r l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n s .

R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l g u i d a n c e , as r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h i g h e r
le v e l tech n ician .
W o r k is t y p i c a l l y s p o t c h e c k e d , but is g iv e n d e t a ile d
r e v ie w when new o r a dvan ced a ssig n m e n ts a re in volved .

C l a s s B . A p p l i e s c o m p r e h e n s i v e t e c h n i c a l k n o w l e d g e to s o l v e c o m ­
p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , t h o s e that t y p i c a l l y ca n b e s o l v e d s o l e l y b y p r o p e r l y
i n t e r p r e t i n g m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a ls o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k i n g on
e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s : A f a m i l i a r i t y with the i n t e r r e l a t i o n ­
s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; and j u d g m e n t in d e t e r m i n i n g w o r k s e q u e n c e and in s e l e c t i n g
t o o l s and t e s t i n g i n s t r u m e n t s , u s u a l l y l e s s c o m p l e x than t h o s e u s e d b y the
c la ss A technician.

R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l g u i d a n c e , as r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h i g h e r
l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n , and w o r k is r e v i e w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p l i a n c e w ith a c c e p t e d
p r a c t i c e s and w o r k a s s i g n m e n t s .
M a y p r o v i d e t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e to l o w e r
le\ cl techn icians.

R E G I S T E R E D I N D U S T R I A L NURSE
A r e g i s t e r e d n u rse who gives n ursin g s e r v i c e under ge n e ra l m e d ic a l
d i r e c t i o n to il l o r i n j u r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e i l l o r
s u f f e r an a c c i d e n t on the p r e m i s e s o f a f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
D utie s i n v o l v e a c o m b i n a t i o n o f the f o l l o w i n g : G iv in g f i r s t aid to th e i l l o r
i n j u r e d ; att end in g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g
r e c o r d s o f p a t ie n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c i d e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t i o n o r
o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t i o n s and h e a lt h e v a lu a t io n s o f
a p p lic a n t s and e m p l o y e e s ; and pla n n in g and c a r r y i n g out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g
h e a lt h e d u c a t i o n , a c c i d e n t p r e v e n t i o n , e v a lu a t io n o f plant e n v i r o n m e n t , o r
o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , and s a f e t y o f a ll p e r s o n n e l .
N u r s i n g s u p e r v i s o r s o r h e a d n u r s e s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than
one n u rse are exclu ded .

MAINTENANCE, TOOLROOM, AND POWERPLANT
M A IN TEN AN CE C A R P E N T E R

M A I N T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N — C o n tin u e d

P e r f o r m s the c a r p e n t r y du tie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t and m a in ta in
in g o o d r e p a i r b u il d in g w o o d w o r k and e q u ip m e n t s u c h as b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s ,
b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d
in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g and
la y in g out o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ;
u s in g a v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r ' s h a n d t o o l s , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , and s t a n d a r d
m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s
r e la t in g to
d i m e n s i o n s o f w o r k ; and s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s s a r y f o r the w o r k .
In
g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a i n t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n in g
and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

w i r i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t ; and u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n ' s h a n d t o o ls
and m e a s u r i n g and t e s t i n g i n s t r u m e n t s .
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a i n ­
te n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u su a lly a c q u i r e d
t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M AINTENANCE E LE C TR IC IA N
P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e f u n c t io n s s u c h as the i n ­
s t a l l a t i o n , m a i n t e n a n c e , o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r the g e n e r a t i o n , d i s t r i ­
b u t io n , o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s
m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : I n s t a llin g o r r e p a i r i n g any o f a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l
e q u ip m e n t s u c h as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s ,
c i r c u i t b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e a t in g u n it s, co n du it s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s ­
m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k i n g f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , l a y o u t s , o r o t h e r
s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g and d ia g n o s i n g t r o u b l e in th e e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r
e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k i n g s t a n d a r d c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to lo a d r e q u i r e m e n t s o f




49

M A IN TEN AN CE P A IN T E R
P a in t s and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , and f i x t u r e s o f an e s t a b ­
lish m en t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s the f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l e d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s
and t y p e s o f pain t r e q u i r e d f o r d i f f e r e n t a p p l i c a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r
p a in tin g b y r e m o v i n g o l d f i n i s h o r b y p l a c i n g pu tty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o l e s
and i n t e r s t i c e s ; and a p p ly in g pain t w ith s p r a y gun o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s ,
o i l s , w hite le a d , and o t h e r pain t i n g r e d i e n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n ­
s i s t e n c y . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a i n t e n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M A I N T E N A N C E M A C H IN IS T
P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t s and n e w p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f
m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n ­
v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : I n t e r p r e t i n g w r i t t e n i n s t r u c t i o n s and s p e c i f i c a ­
t i o n s ; pla n n in g and la y in g out o f w o r k ; u sin g a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t ' s h a n d t o o ls

M A IN TE N A N C E MACHINIST— Continued

M A IN T E N A N C E P IP E F IT T E R — Continued

and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e tt in g up and o p e r a t i n g s t a n d a r d
m a c h i n e t o o l s ; sh a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d
s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e la t in g to d i m e n s i o n s o f w o r k , t o o l i n g , f e e d s , ana s p e e d s
o f m a c h i n i n g ; k n o w l e d g e o f the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f the c o m m o n m e t a l s ;
s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , and e q u ip m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r th is w o r k ;
and fit tin g and a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t . In g e n e r a l , the
m a c h i n i s t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d t r a i n in g in m a c h i n e - s h o p
p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

m eet specifications.
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a i n t e n a n c e p i p e f i t t e r
r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
W orkers p rim a rily
e n g a g e d in in s t a l l i n g and r e p a i r i n g b u il d in g s a n it a tio n o r heatin g s y s t e m s
a re e x c lu d e d .

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M A C H IN E R Y)
R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : E x a m i n i n g m a c h i n e s and m e c h a n i c a l
e q u ip m e n t to d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s m a n t l i n g o r p a r t l y d is m a n t lin g
m a c h i n e s and p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s that m a i n l y i n v o l v e the u s e o f h a n d t o o ls in
s c r a p i n g and fittin g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w ith i t e m s
o b t a in e d f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g th e p r o d u c t i o n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t by a
m a c h i n e s h o p o r s e n d in g the m a c h i n e to a m a c h i n e sh o p f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ;
p r e p a r i n g w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s o r f o r th e p r o d u c t i o n o f
p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h i n e s h o p s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h i n e s ; and m a k in g all
n e c e s s a r y adjustm ents f o r o p e ra tio n .
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f a m a c h i n e r y
m a i n t e n a n c e m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly
a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x ­
p erien ce.
E x c l u d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y
d u tie s i n v o l v e s e tt in g up o r a d j u s t i n g m a c h i n e s ,
M A IN TEN AN CE M ECH ANIC (M O TO R VE H IC LE )
R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i l e s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b ­
lish m en t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : E x a m i n i n g a u t o m o t i v e
e q u ip m e n t to d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t and p e r ­
f o r m i n g r e p a i r s that i n v o l v e the u s e o f s u c h h a n d t o o ls as w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s ,
d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u i p m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r fit tin g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g
b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g and a d ju s tin g v a l v e s ; r e ­
a s s e m b l i n g and in s t a l l i n g the v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in the v e h i c l e and m a k in g
n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s ; and a lig n in g w h e e l s , a d j u s ti n g b r a k e s and K g h ts , o r
tig h t e n in g b o d y b o l t s . In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m o t o r v e h i c l e m a i n t e n a n c e
m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s not in c l u d e m e c h a n i c s who r e p a i r c u s t o m e r s '
v e h i c l e s in a u t o m o b i l e r e p a i r s h o p s .
M A IN T E N A N C E P I P E F I T T E R
I n s t a lls o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r t y p e s o f p ip e and
p ip e f i t t i n g s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : L a y i n g
out w o r k and m e a s u r i n g to l o c a t e p o s i t i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w i n g s o r o t h e r
w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; cu ttin g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e to c o r r e c t le n gth s w ith
c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t i n g m a c h i n e s ; t h r e a d in g
p ip e w ith s t o c k s and d i e s ; b e n d i n g p ip e b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n
m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g p i p e w it h c o u p lin g s and f a s t e n in g p ip e to h a n g e r s ;
m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to p r e s s u r e s , f l o w , and s i z e o f
p i p e r e q u i r e d ; and m a k i n g s t a n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r f i n i s h e d p ip e s




M A IN TEN AN CE S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , and m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r the s h e e t - m e t a l
e q u ip m e n t and f i x t u r e s ( s u c h as m a c h i n e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s ,
l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e t a l r o o f i n g ) o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g and la y in g out a ll t y p e s o f
sh e e t -m e ta l m ain ten ance w ork f r o m b lu ep rin ts, m o d e ls , o r other s p e c i f i c a ­
t i o n s ; s e tt in g up and o p e r a t i n g all a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k i n g
m a c h i n e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d t o o ls in cu tt in g , b e n d i n g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g ,
f itt in g , and a s s e m b l i n g ; and in s t a l l i n g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s as r e q u i r e d , in
g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f th e m a i n t e n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s rounded
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M ILLW RIG H T
I n s t a lls n e w m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u i p m e n t , and d i s m a n t l e s and
i n s t a l l s m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s in the plant la y o u t a r e
r e q u i r e d . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g and la y in g out w o r k ;
i n t e r p r e t i n g b l u e p r i n t s o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u sin g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d t o o ls
and r i g g i n g ; m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to s t r e s s e s , s t r e n g t h
o f m a t e r i a l s , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; a lig n in g and b a l a n c i n g e q u ip m e n t ;
s e l e c t i n g

s t a n d a r d

t o o l s ,

e q u i p m

e n t ,

a n d

p a r t s

t o

b e

u s e d ;

a n d

i n s t a l l i n g

a n d

m a in t a in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t s u c h as d r i v e s and
speed red ucers.
In g e n e r a l , the m i l l w r i g h t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a
r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e in the t r a d e a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M AINTENANCE TRADES H E L P E R
A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s i n - t h e s k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s , by
p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c o r g e n e r a l d u tie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u ch as k e e p in g a
w o r k e r s u p p l i e d w ith m a t e r i a l s and t o o l s ; c l e a n i n g w o r k i n g a r e a , m a c h i n e ,
and e q u i p m e n t ; a s s i s t i n g j o u r n e y m a n b y h o l d i n g m a t e r i a l s o r t o o l s ; and
p e r f o r m i n g o t h e r u n s k i l l e d t a s k s as d i r e c t e d b y j o u r n e y m a n .
T h e kin d o f
w o r k the h e l p e r is p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e t o t r a d e :
In
s o m e t r a d e s th e h e l p e r is c o n f i n e d to s u p p l y i n g , l if t in g , and h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s
and t o o l s , and c l e a n i n g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; and in o t h e r s he is p e r m i t t e d to
p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e that a r e a l s o
p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R (TO O LR O O M )
S p e c i a l i z e s m o p e r a t i n g o n e o r m o r e than o n e ty pe o f m a c h i n e
t o o l ( e . g . , j i g b o r e r , g r in d in g m a c h i n e , e n g in e la t h e , m i l l i n g m a c h i n e ) to
m a c h i n e m e t a l f o r u s e in m a k in g o r m a in t a in in g j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cu tt in g t o o l s ,
g a u g e s , o r m e t a l d i e s o r m o l d s u s e d in s h a p in g o r f o r m i n g m e t a l o r
n onm etallic m a te ria l (e.g., p la stic, p la ste r, rubber, gla ss). W ork typically
i n v o l v e s : P la n n in g and p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t m a c h i n i n g o p e r a t i o n s w h i c h
r e q u i r e c o m p l i c a t e d s e tu p s o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; s e ttin g up m a c h i n e

M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R (TOO LRO OM )— Continued

TO O L AND DIE M A K E R — Continued

t o o l o r t o o l s ( e . g . , i n s t a l l cutting t o o l s and a dju s t g u i d e s , s t o p s , w o r k i n g
t a b l e s , and o t h e r c o n t r o l s to h a n d le the s i z e o f s t o c k t o b e m a c h i n e d ;
d e t e r m i n e p r o p e r f e e d s , s p e e d s , t o o l i n g , and o p e r a t i o n s e q u e n c e o r s e l e c t
t h o s e p r e s c r i b e d in d r a w i n g s , b l u e p r i n t s , o r l a y o u t s ) ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f
p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s d u rin g
m a c h i n i n g o p e r a t i o n to a c h i e v e r e q u i s i t e d i m e n s i o n s to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s .
M a y be r e q u i r e d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o l a n t s and cu tt ing and l u b r i c a t i n g o i l s ,
to r e c o g n i z e w hen t o o l s n e e d d r e s s i n g , and t o d r e s s t o o l s . In g e n e r a l , the
w o r k o f a m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r ( t o o l r o o m ) at the s k i l l l e v e l c a l l e d f o r in
th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n r e q u i r e s e x t e n s i v e k n o w l e d g e o f m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l ­
r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u i r e d th r o u g h c o n s i d e r a b l e o n - t h e - j o b t r a i n i n g and
exp erien ce.

w o r k i n g to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g m e t a l p a r t s and f i n i s h e d t o o l s
and d ie s to a c h i e v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; fittin g and a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s to p r e ­
s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s and a l l o w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l , th e t o o l and die m a k e r ' s
w o r k r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e
u s u a lly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g and
expe rie n ce .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s not
in c l u d e t o o l and die m a k e r s w ho ( 1) a r e e m p l o y e d in t o o l and die j o b b in g
s h o p s o r ( 2 ) p r o d u c e f o r g i n g d ie s (die s i n k e r s ) .

S T A T IO N A R Y ENGINEER
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s not
i n c lu d e m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s ( t o o l r o o m ) e m p l o y e d in t o o l and die jo b b i n g
shops.

T O O L AND DIE M A K E R

C o n s t r u c t s and r e p a i r s j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cu tt in g t o o l s , g a u g e s , o r
m e t a l d ie s o r m o l d s u s e d in sh a p in g o r f o r m i n g m e t a l o r n o n m e t a l i i c
m a te ria l (e .g ., p la stic, p la ster, rubber, gla ss).
W ork typically in v o lv e s :
P la n n in g and l a y in g out w o r k a c c o r d i n g to m o d e l s , b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , o r
o t h e r w r i t t e n o r o r a l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u n d e r s t a n d in g the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f
com m on m etals
and a l l o y s ; s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r i a t e m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , and
p r o c e s s e s r e q u i r e d to c o m p l e t e t a s k ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y sh o p c o m p u t a t i o n s ;
s e tt in g up and o p e r a t i n g v a r i o u s m a c h i n e t o o l s and r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t ; u sin g
v a r i o u s t o o l and die m a k e r ' s h a n d t o o ls and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ;

O p e r a t e s and m a in t a in s and m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e the o p e r a t i o n o f
s t a t i o n a r y e n g in e s and e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p p ly the
e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h i c h e m p l o y e d w ith p o w e r , h e a t , r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r c o n d it io n in g .
W o r k i n v o l v e s : O p e r a t i n g and m a in t a in in g e q u ip m e n t s u c h as
s t e a m e n g i n e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n tila t in g
and r e f r i g e r a t i n g e q u i p m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s
and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ;
m a k i n g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; and k e e p i n g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t i o n o f m a c h i n e r y ,
t e m p e r a t u r e , and fu e l c o n s u m p t i o n .
May also s u p e rv is e th ese op e r a tio n s.
H ead o r c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than on e e n g i n e e r
are e x c lu d e d .
B O ILER TEN DE R
F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s t o f u r n i s h the e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h i c h e m ­
p l o y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r , o r s t e a m .
F e e d s f u e ls to f i r e b y hand o r
o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n i c a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; and c h e c k s w a t e r and
s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t .

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
TRU CKDRIVER

S H I P P I N G A N D R E C E I V I N G C L E R K — C o n tin u e d

D r i v e s a t r u c k w ithin a c it y o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s ,
m e r c h a n d i s e , e q u ip m e n t , o r w o r k e r s b e t w e e n v a r i o u s ty p e s o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
s u c h as:
M a n u f a c t u r in g p la n t s , f r e i g h t d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a l e and
r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e t w e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s
o r p la ces of busin ess.
M a y a l s o l o a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith o r w it h ou t
h e l p e r s , m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k i n g
o r d e r . S a l e s - r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e e x c l u d e d .

i n v o l v e s : A k n o w l e d g e o f s h ip p in g p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a i l a b l e
m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , and r a t e s ; and p r e p a r i n g r e c o r d s o f the g o o d s
s h i p p e d , m a k i n g up b i l l s o f l a d in g , p o s t i n g w e i g h t and sh ip p in g c h a r g e s , and
k e e p i n g a f i l e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s .
M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g the
m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h ip m e n t . R e c e i v i n g w o r k i n v o l v e s : V e r i f y i n g o r d i r e c t i n g
o t h e r s in v e r i f y i n g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f s h i p m e n t s a g a in s t b i l l s o f la d in g , i n ­
v o i c e s , o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k i n g f o r s h o r t a g e s and r e j e c t i n g d a m a g e d g o o d s ;
ro u tin g m e r c h a n d i s e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; and m a in ta in in g
n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and f ile s .

F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e and
ty p e o f e q u i p m e n t , as f o l l o w s : ( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld b e r a te d on the b a s i s
of t r a i le r capacity.)
T ru ck d river,
T ru ck d river,
T ru ck d river,
T ruck d river,

F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :

light t r u c k ( u n d e r IV2 t o n s )
m e d i u m t r u c k (IV2 to and in c lu d in g 4 t o n s )
heavy tru ck (tr a ile r ) (o v e r 4 tons)
h e a v y t r u c k ( o t h e r than t r a i l e r ) ( o v e r 4 t o n s )

Sh ipp in g c l e r k
R e ceiv in g clerk
Sh ipp in g and r e c e i v i n g c l e r k

SH I P P I N G AND R E C E I V I N G C L E R K

WAREHOUSEMAN

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h ip m e n t , o r r e c e i v e s and is r e s p o n s i b l e
f o r i n c o m i n g s h ip m e n t s o f m e r c h a n d i s e o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l s .
Sh ip pin g w o r k

A s d i r e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f w a r e h o u s i n g d u tie s w h i c h r e q u i r e
an u n d e r s t a n d in g o f the e s t a b l i s h m e n t ' s s t o r a g e p l a n . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t




51

W AREH OU SEM AN — Continued

M A T E R IA L HANDLING L AB O R ER — Continued

o f the f o l l o w i n g : V e r i f y i n g m a t e r i a l s ( o r m e r c h a n d i s e ) a g a in s t r e c e i v i n g
d o c u m e n t s , n o tin g and r e p o r t i n g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and o b v i o u s d a m a g e s ; ro u tin g
m a t e r i a l s to p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n s ; s t o r i n g , s t a c k in g , o r p a l l e t i z i n g
m a t e r i a l s in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m e t h o d s ; r e a r r a n g i n g and
ta k in g i n v e n t o r y o f s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s ; e x a m i n i n g s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s and r e ­
p o r t i n g d e t e r i o r a t i o n and d a m a g e ;
r e m o v i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s t o r a g e and
p r e p a r i n g it f o r s h ip m e n t . M a y o p e r a t e hand o r p o w e r t r u c k s in p e r f o r m i n g
w a r e h o u s i n g d u tie s .

ca rs, trucks,
th er tran sp ortin g d e v ic e s ; unpacking, shelving, o r p la cin g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n ; and t r a n s p o r t i n g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e by handtruck, c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w .
Longshore
w o r k e r s , w h o l o a d and u n lo a d s h i p s , a r e e x c l u d e d .

E x c l u d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u tie s i n v o l v e sh ip p in g and r e c e i v i n g
w o r k ( s e e Sh ip pin g and R e c e i v i n g C l e r k and Sh ip p in g P a c k e r ) , o r d e r f illin g
(see O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r operatin g p o w e r tr u ck s (see P o w e r - T r u c k O p e ra to r).

P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R
O p era tes a m an ually c o n tr o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d tru ck
o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t g o o d s and m a t e r i a l s o f a ll kin ds about a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t, o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e
t r u c k , as f o l l o w s :

c l a s s i f i e d b y ty pe o f p o w e r -

ORDER FILLE R
F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f i n i s h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d
m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r o t h e r i n s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d itio n to f i l l i n g o r d e r s and i n d ic a t in g
i t e m s f i l l e d o r o m i t t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u t g o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i s i t i o n a d d i ­
t i o n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p l i e s to s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t e d
du ties.
SH I P P I N G P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s f i n i s h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c i n g t h e m
in s h ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d b e i n g d e p e n d e n t
upon the t y p e , s i z e , and n u m b e r o f units to b e p a c k e d , the ty p e o f c o n t a i n e r
e m p l o y e d , and m e t h o d o f s h ip m e n t .
W o r k r e q u i r e s the p l a c i n g o f i t e m s in
s h ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s and m a y i n v o l v e o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : K n o w le d g e
o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y co n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e
ty p e and s i z e o f c o n t a i n e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u sin g e x c e l s i o r
o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g and s e a l i n g
c o n t a i n e r ; and a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r i n g id e n ti fy in g data o n c o n t a i n e r .
P a c k e r s w ho a l s o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c l u d e d .
M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G L A B O R E R
A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r in g pla n t, s t o r e , o r
o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t w h o s e du tie s i n v o l v e o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g :
L o a d in g and u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s and m e r c h a n d i s e o n o r f r o m f r e i g h t




F ork lift operator
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r ( o t h e r than f o r k l i f t )

G U A R D AN D W A T C H M A N
G u a r d . P e r f o r m s r o u tin e p o l i c e d u t i e s , e i t h e r at f i x e d p o s t o r on
t o u r , m a in t a in in g o r d e r , u sin g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s
g u a r d s w h o a r e s t a t i o n e d at ga te and c h e c k on id e n ti ty o f e m p l o y e e s and
other p e r so n s en terin g.
W a t c h m a n . M a k e s ro u n d s o f p r e m i s e s
p r o p e r t y a g a in s t f i r e , t h e f t , and i l l e g a l e n t r y .

period ically

in

protecting

JA N ITO R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R
C le a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d i t i o n f a c t o r y w o r k i n g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r
o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D utie s i n v o l v e a c o m b i n a t i o n o f the f o l l o w i n g : S w e e p i n g ,
m o p p i n g o r s c r u b b i n g , and p o l i s h i n g f l o o r s ; r e m o v i n g c h i p s , t r a s h , and o t h e r
r e f u s e ; du s tin g e q u i p m e n t , f u r n i t u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o l i s h i n g m e t a l f i x t u r e s o r
t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v i d i n g s u p p l i e s and m i n o r m a i n t e n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; and c le a n in g
l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s w h o s p e c i a l i z e in w in d o w
w ashing are e x c lu d e d .

52

Area Wage Surveys
A list o f the latest available bulletins is pr esente d below. A d ir e cto ry of are a wage studies including m o r e limited studies conducted at the request of the
Employment Standards Adm inistration of the U.S. Department of La b o r is available on request, Bulletins may be purchased f r o m any of the BLS regional o ffice s shown
on the back c o v e r o r f r o m the Superintendent o f Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington, D.C. 20402
Bulletin number
and p r ic e *

Area
Akron, Ohio, D ec. 1975____________________________________________
Albany—
Schenectady—T roy, N.Y ., Sept. 1976_______________________
Anaheim—
Santa An a-G arden Grove, Ca lif., Oct. 19751___________
Atlanta, Ga., May 1976____________________________________________
Austin, Tex., D ec. 19751 __________________________________________
B alt im ore, Md., Aug. 1976_________________________________________
Billings, Mont., July 1976_________________________________________
Binghamton, N . Y ^ P a . , July 1976 1________________________________
Birmingham, Ala ., M ar. 1976 1____________________________________
Boston, M a s s ., Aug. 1976__________________________________________
Buffalo, N.Y ., Oct. 19751__________________________________________
Canton, Ohio, May 1976___________________________________________
Chattanooga, Tenn.— a ., Sept. 1976_______________________________
G
Ch icago, 111., May 1976____________________________________________
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—Ind., Mar. 1976____________________________
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1976___________________ ___________________
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1975 1 ______________________________________
Corpus Christi, T e x ., July 1976__________________________________
D a lla s -F o r t Worth, Te x., Oct. 1976______________________________
Davenport— o ck Island—
R
Moline, Iowa-Ill., F e b . 1976____________
Dayton, Ohio, D e c. 1975___________________________________________
Daytona Beach, Fla ., Aug. 1976___________________________________
Denver—
Boulder, C o lo ., D ec. 1975________________________________
Detroit, Mich., Mar. 1976 1________________________________________
F o r t Lauderdale—
Hollywood and West Palm Beach—
B o ca Raton, Fla ., Apr . 1976_________________________ ___________
F r e s n o , Calif., June 1976_________________________________________
Gaines ville, Fla ., Sept. 1976______________________________________
Green Bay, W is ., July 1976_______________________________________
G re e n sb o ro —
Win ston-Salem —
High Point, N.C., Aug. 1976_______
Greenville —
Spartanburg, S.C., June 1976 1_______________________
Hartford, Conn., M ar. 1976_______________________________________
Houston, Tex ., A pr. 1976__________________________________________
Huntsville, Ala., F e b . 1976 _______________________________________
Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1976_______________________________________
Jackson, M is s . , F e b . 1976_________________________________________
Jack sonvil le, F la ., Dec. 1975__________________________________ ___
Kansas City, Mo.—
Kans., Sept. 1976 1 ____________________________
Lexington—
Fayette, K y., Nov. 19751 ______________________________
Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif., Oct. 1975 1 ____________________
Lou is ville , Ky.—Ind., Nov. 1975___________________________________
M e lb o u rn e -T itu s ville — ocoa , F la ., Aug. 1975___________________
C
Memphis, Tenn.— r k —M is s ., Nov. 1975__________________________
A


http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/ i n e d b y t h e G o v e r n m e n t P r in t i n g O f f i c e
P r ic e s a re d e t e r m
D a t a o n e s t a l i St. t p r a c t
Federal Reserve Bank bofs h m e nLouis i c e s a n d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e

a n d a re s u b je c t to c h a n g e .
p r o v is io n s a r e a l s o p r e s e n t e d .

1850-80,
1900-59.
1850-75,
1900-30,
1850-83,
1900-52,
1900-39,
1900-49,
1900-11,
1900-53,
1850-69,
1900-28,
1900-57,
1900-32,
1900-7,
1900-62,
1850-78,
1900-41,
1900-63,
1900-25,
1850-73,
1900-45,
1850-82,
1900- 15,

45 cents
55 cents
85 cents
85 cents
75 cents
85 cents
55 cents
85 cents
95 cents
85 cents
95 cents
55 cents
55 cents
$1.05
75 cents
95 cents
95 cents
55 cents
85 cents
55 cents
45 cents
45 cents
75 cents
$1 .25

1900-20,
1900-29,
1900-54,
1900-37,
1900-47,
1900-36,
1900- 14,
1900-26,
1900-17,
1900-58,
1900-8,
1850-81,
1900-60,
1850-84,
1850-86,
1850-79,
1850-54,
1850-85,

55 cents
55 cents
45 cents
55 cents
65 cents
85 cents
55 cents
85 cents
55 cents
75 cents
55 cents
45 cents
$1.05
75 cents
$1.15
45 cents
65 cents
45 cents

Area
M iam i, F la ., O ct. 1975____________________________________________
M ilw aukee, W is., A p r. 1976______________________________________
M inneapolis—St. Paul, Minn.— is., Jan. 1976____________________
W
Nassail—
Suffolk, N .Y ., June 1976_________________________________
N ewark, N .J., Jan. 1976_____________________________________ _____
New O rlea n s, L a ., Jan. 1976_____________________________________
New Y ork , N .Y .-N .J ., May 1976__________________________________
N orfolk— irg in ia Beach— ortsm ou th , V a ^ N .C ., M ay 19761____
V
P
N orfolk— irg in ia Beach— ortsm ou th and N ew port News—
V
P
Hampton, Va.— .C ., May 19761 _____________ ,, _______________
N
N ortheast Pennsylvania, Aug. 1976_______________________________
Oklahom a City, O kla., Aug. 1976_________________________________
Omaha, N eb r—Iowa, O ct. 1976 ___________ __________________ _____
P a terson -C lifton — a s s a ic , N .J., June 1976______________________
P
P h iladelphia, P a - N J . , Nov. 19761 ______________________________
Pittsburgh, P a ., Jan. 19761 ______________________________________
P ortland, M aine, Nov. 1975_______________________________________
P ortland, O reg.—W ash., May 1976________________________________
P ou gh keepsie, N .Y ., June 1976___________________________________
Pou gh keepsie— ingston—
K
Newburgh, N .Y ., June 1976_____________
P rov id en ce— arwick—
W
Paw tucket, R.I.— a s s ., June 1976________
M
R aleigh—
Durham, N .C ., F eb . 1976________________________________
Richm ond, Va., June 1976_________________________ _______________
St. L ou is, Mo.—
111., M ar. 19761 __________________________________
Sacram ento, C a lif., D ec. 1975____________________________________
Saginaw, M ich ., Nov. 1975________________________________________
Salt Lake City—
Ogden, Utah, Nov. 19751_________________________
San Antonio, T ex ., May 1976_____________________________________
San D iego, C a lif., Nov. 1975______________________________________
San F r a n cis co —
Oakland, C a lif., M ar. 1976______________________
San J o s e , C a lif., M ar. 1976_______________________________________
S ea ttle-E verett, W ash., Jan. 1976________________________________
South Bend, Ind., M ar. 1976______________________________________
Stam ford, Conn., May 19761______________________________________
S yracu se, N .Y ., July 1976_________________________________________
T oled o, Ohio— ich ., May 1976____________________________________
M
Trenton, N .J., Sept. 1976________________________________________ _
U tica -R o m e , N .Y ., July 1975 1____________________________________
W ashington, D .C.—Md.— a., M ar. 1976___________________________
V
W estch ester County, N .Y ., May 1976_____________________________
W ichita, K ans., A pr. 1976_________________________________________
W o rc e s te r, M a ss., A pr. 1976____________________________________
Y ork , P a ., F eb . 1976______________________________________________

Bulletin number
and p r i c e *
1850-76,
1900-22,
1900-3,
1900-35,
1900-10,
1900-2,
1900-48,
1900-27,

95 cents
85 cents
95 cents
85 cents
85 cents
75 cents
$1.05
85 cents

1900-33,
1900-43,
1900-42,
1900-61,
1900-38,
1900-64,
1900-1,
1850-72,
1900-51,
1900-50,
1900-55,
1900-31,
1900- 18,
1900-34,
1900- 19,
1850-87,
1850-71,
1850-74,
1900-23,
1850-77,
1900-9,
1900-13,
1900-6,
1900-5,
1900-40,
1900-44,
1900-24,
1900-56,
1850-48,
1900- 12,
1900-46,
1900-21,
1900- 16,
1900-4,

85 cents
65 cents
55 cents
55 cents
55 cents
$1.10
$ 1 .15
45 cents
75 cents
45 cents
55 cents
75 cents
55 cents
65 cents
$ 1.25
45 cents
35 cents
75 cents
65 cents
45 cents
95 cents
75 cents
65 cents
55 cents
85 cents
55 cents
55 cents
55 cents
80 cents
85 cents
55 cents
55 cents
55 cents
55 cents

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region I
Region I
I
Region I I
I
Region IV
1603 JFK Federal Building
Suite 3400
3535 Market Street.
Suite 540
Government Center
P.O. Box 13309
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Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
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Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
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I.
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Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)
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for FRASER
Wyoming

Digitized



Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102