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.3:
Area Wage Survey
Cleveland, Ohio, Metropolitan Area, September 1976
Bulletin 1900-62
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics




Preface
T h i s b u ll e tin p r o v i d e s r e s u l t s o f a S e p t e m b e r 1976 s u r v e y
o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s in th e C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , S t a n d a rd M e t r o ­
p o li t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a ( C u y a h o g a , G e a u g a , L a k e , and M e d in a
C ou nties).
T h e s u r v e y w a s m a d e as p a r t o f th e B u r e a u o f L a b o r
S t a t i s t i c s ' annual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m , w h i c h is d e s i g n e d
to y i e l d data f o r i n d iv id u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s a s w e l l as n a t io n a l
and r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s f o r a l l S ta n da rd M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l
A r e a s in th e United S t a t e s , e x c l u d i n g A l a s k a and H a w a ii.
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m
is th e n e e d t o d e s c r i b e th e l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a
v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s , th r o u g h th e a n a l y s i s o f ( 1 ) th e l e v e l
and d i s t r i b u t i o n o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t i o n , and ( 2 ) th e m o v e m e n t
o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l .
The p r o g r a m
d e v e l o p s i n f o r m a t i o n that m a y b e u s e d f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s , i n ­
c lu d in g w a g e and s a l a r y a d m i n i s t r a t i o n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g ,
and a s s i s t a n c e in d e t e r m i n i n g pla nt l o c a t i o n .
Survey results also
a r e u s e d b y th e U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r to m a k e w a g e d e t e r ­
m i n a t i o n s u n d e r the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t o f 1965.
C u r r e n t l y , 84 a r e a s a r e i n c lu d e d in th e p r o g r a m .
(S e e
list of a r e a s on in sid e b a c k c o v e r .)
In e a c h a r e a , o c c u p a t i o n a l
e a r n i n g s da ta a r e c o l l e c t e d a n n u a lly .
I n f o r m a t i o n on e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e f i t s is o b t a in e d e v e r y
th ird y e a r.

been

E a c h y e a r a f t e r a ll i n d iv id u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s
c o m p l e t e d , t w o s u m m a r y b u ll e t in s a r e i s s u e d .
The




h av e
first

b r i n g s t o g e t h e r data f o r e a c h m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; th e
s e c o n d p r e s e n t s n a t io n a l and r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s , p r o j e c t e d f r o m
in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a da ta.
T h e C l e v e l a n d s u r v e y w a s c o n d u c t e d b y th e B u r e a u ' s
r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in C h i c a g o , 111., u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f
L o is L. O r r , A ssista n t R egion a l C o m m is s io n e r fo r O perations.
T h e s u r v e y c o u l d not h a v e b e e n a c c o m p l i s h e d w ith o u t th e c o o p ­
e r a t i o n o f th e m a n y f i r m s w h o s e w a g e and s a l a r y data p r o v i d e d
th e b a s i s f o r th e s t a t i s t i c a l i n f o r m a t i o n in t h is b u ll e t in .
The
B u r e a u w i s h e s to e x p r e s s s i n c e r e a p p r e c i a t i o n f o r th e c o o p e r a t i o n
receiv ed .

Note:
C u r r e n t r e p o r t s on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and s u p p l e m e n ­
t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s in th e C l e v e l a n d a r e a a r e a v a i l a b l e f o r
m iscella n eou s pla stics products (Septem ber
1 9 7 4 ), f a b r i c a t e d
s t r u c t u r a l s t e e l ( N o v e m b e r 1 9 7 4 ), m a c h i n e r y ( F e b r u a r y 1975),
s p e c i a l d i e s , t o o l s , j i g s , and f i x t u r e s ( F e b r u a r y 1 9 7 5 ), n o n f e r r o u s
f o u n d r i e s ( M a y 1 9 7 5 ), and e l e c t r i c a l a p p l i a n c e r e p a i r ( N o v e m b e r
1975); and o n e a r n i n g s o n l y f o r s e l e c t e d l a u n d r y and d r y c le a n in g
occu pations (Septem ber
1 9 7 6).
A ls o a vailable a re listin g s of
u n io n w a g e r a t e s f o r b u il d in g t r a d e s , p r i n t i n g t r a d e s , l o c a l - t r a n s i t
o p e r a t i n g e m p l o y e e s , l o c a l t r u c k d r i v e r s and h e l p e r s , and g r o c e r y
store em p loyees.
F r e e c o p i e s o f t h e s e a r e a v a i l a b l e f r o m the
B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o f f i c e s . (See b a c k c o v e r f o r a d d r e s s e s .)

Area W age Survey:

Bulletin 1900-62

J a n u a ry 1977

Cleveland, Ohio,
U.S. D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R , W . J. U se ry, J r ., S e cre ta ry

Metropolitan Area

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S , J u liu s S h is k in , C o m m is s io n e r

Septem ber 1976

Contents

Page

I n t r o d u c t i o n ____________________________________________

2

Page
T a b l e s — Co n tin u e d
A.

T ables:
A.

Earnings:
W eek ly earnings o f o f fic e
A -1.
w o r k e r s ________ _______
3
A -1 a. W e e k l y e a r n i n g s o f o f f i c e
w o r k e r s — a rg e establish m en ts.
l
6
W eekly earnings o f p r o fe s s io n a l
A -2.
and t e c h n i c a l w o r k e r s ______________ ■ 8
A -2 a . W eekly earnings o f p r o fe s s io n a l
and t e c h n i c a l w o r k e r s —l a r g e
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ________
10
A v e r a g e w eek ly earnings o f o f f ic e ,
A -3.
p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l
w o r k e r s , b y s e x ___ _ ____ _
11
A - 3 a . A v e r a g e w e e k ly earnings of o f f i c e ,
p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l
w o r k e r s , b y s e x —l a r g e
________________ . 13
establish m en ts.
H ourly earnings o f m ain ten ance,
A -4.
t o o l r o o m , and p o w e r p la n t
w o r k e r s _________________________
15
A - 4 a . H ou rly earnings of m ain ten an ce,
t o o l r o o m , and p o w e r p la n t
w o r k e r s—l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s -----A -5.
H ou rly earnings o f m a te ria l
m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d i a l
w o r k e r s ______________________________ 1 7




E a r n i n g s — C o n tin u e d
A - 5 a . H ou rly earn ings o f m a t e r ia l
m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d i a l
w o r k e r s—l a r g e
establishm ents
A v e r a g e h ou rly earn ings of
A - 6.
m ain ten ance, to o l r o o m ,
pow erplant, m a te ria l
m o v e m e n t , and c u s t o d i a l
w o r k e r s , b y s e x . . __ _______ .
A - 6a. A v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f
m ain ten ance, to o lr o o m ,
pow erp lan t, m a t e r ia l
m o v e m e n t , and c u s t o d i a l
w o r k e r s , b y s e x —l a r g e
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s __ _ _________ _ P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s in a v e r a g e
A -7.
h ourly earn ings fo r se le cte d
o ccu p a tio n a l g ro u p s , adjusted
f o r e m p l o y m e n t s h i f t s ___________..

Appendix A.
A p p e n d i x B.

19

21

22

23

S c o p e and m e t h o d o f s u r v e y ______ .. 25
O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s _____ ... - 29

1

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing
Office, Washington, D. C . 20402, GPO Bookstores, or BLS Regional
Offices listed on back cover. Price 95 cents. Make checks payable to
Superintendent of Documents.




Introduction
( c ) m a i n t e n a n c e , t o o l r o o m , and p o w e r p l a n t , and (d)
m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d i a l .
In the 31 l a r g e s t
s u r v e y a r e a s , t a b le s A - l a t h r o u g h A - 6 a p r o v i d e
s i m i l a r data f o r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g 500 w o r k ­
ers or m ore.

T h is a r e a i s 1 o f 84 in w h i c h the U.S.
D epa rtm en t of L a b o r 's B ureau of L a b o r Statistics
c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and r e ­
lated b en efits.
In this a r e a , data w e r e o b t a in e d b y
a c o m b i n a t i o n of p e r s o n a l v i s i t , m a i l q u e s t i o n n a i r e ,
and telephone in terview .
R epresen tative e s ta b lish ­
m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w e r e c o n ­
tacted:
M anufacturing; tran sportation , c o m m u n ic a ­
tio n ,
and o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ;
and s e r v i c e s .
M a jo r industry groups ex clu d e d f r o m
t h e s e s t u d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s and the
c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E sta b lish ­
m e n t s h avin g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r of
w o r k e r s a r e om itted b e c a u s e of in su fficien t e m p lo y ­
m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n s s tu die d .
S e p a r a t e ta b u l a ­
t i o n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f the b r o a d i n d u s t r y
d iv is io n s w hich m eet pu blication crit e r ia .

T a b l e A - 7 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t c h a n g e s in a v ­
e ra g e hourly earn in gs of o ffice c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s ,
e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g
w o r k e r s , in d u s t r i a l
nurses,
s k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s w o r k e r s , and
u n s k i l l e d pla n t w o r k e r s .
W h e r e p o s s i b l e , data a r e
p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll i n d u s t r i e s , m a n u f a c t u r i n g , and
nonm an ufacturin g.
T h is ta b le p r o v i d e s a m e a s u r e o f
w a g e t r e n d s a f t e r e l i m i n a t i o n o f c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
e a r n i n g s c a u s e d b y e m p l o y m e n t s h if t s a m o n g e s t a b ­
lish m en ts as w e ll as tu rn ov er of e sta b lish m en ts in ­
c l u d e d in s u r v e y s a m p l e s .
F o r fu rth er details, see
a p p e n d ix A .
A ppendixe s

A - s e r i e s tables
A p p e n d i x A d e s c r i b e s the m e t h o d s and c o n ­
c e p t s u s e d in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m and
p r o v i d e s i n f o r m a t i o n on the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

T a b l e s A - 1 th r o u g h A -6 p r o v i d e e s t i m a t e s
of s tr a ig h t-tim e w eek ly o r h ou rly earnings f o r w o r k ­
e r s in o c c u p a t i o n s c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y of m a n u ­
f a c t u r i n g and n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g i n d u s t r i e s .
O ccupa­
tio n s w e r e s e l e c t e d f r o m the f o l l o w i n g c a t e g o r i e s :
(a) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l , (b) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ,

A p p en d ix B p r o v id e s job d e s c r ip t io n s u sed
b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s b y
occu pation.

2

A.

Earnings

Table A-1.

W e e kly earnings of office w orkers in Cleveland, Ohio, S eptem be r 1976
W e e k l y ea r n in g s 1

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly e a r n i n g s o f —
s

Num ber

85

w e e k ly

Occup ation and in du s t r y di v i si on

h ou rs *

w o r ke re

( st a n da rd ]

i

M ean 1

M e di an £

M id dle ranged

and
under
90

S

$

$

i

$

(

S

t

S

$

$

1
>

$

t

4

$

$

*

100

no

120

13 0

140

150

160

17 0

180

2 0 0

22 0

2 4 0

2 6 0

2 8 0

300

3 2 0

34 0

36 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

and

loo

no

120

130

14 0

15 0

16 0

170

180

2 0 0

2 2 0

2 4 0

2 6 0

2 8 0

300

320

34 0

3 6 0

121

2 2 1

3 9 8

4 0 2

126

31

2 4

90

9 5

-

95

o v e r

ALL WORKERS
$
$
1 5 9 . 0 0 - 2 1 9 . 0 0

SECRETARIES --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------FINANCE -------------------------------SERVICES ------------------------------

A , 5 3 1

3 9 .0

1 9 2 .0 0

$1 8 4 . 0 0

4 5 3

4 0 8

76 9

5 9 0

3 5 6

3 5 6

193

2 , 4 5 3

3 9 .5

2 0 2 .0 0

1 9 4 .0 0

1 6 8 . 0 0 - 2 3 2 .0 0

“

-

-

i

6

18

63

151

18 4

2 3 3

2 2 2

4 1 7

3 6 0

2 5 7

2 5 6

160

94

18

7

2

2 , 0 7 8

3 8 .5

1 8 0 .0 0

1 7 1 .5 0

1 4 8 . 0 0 - 2 0 0 .0 0

-

6

-

18

26

10 3

1 5 8

2 4 7

2 1 8

2 2 0

18 6

3 5 2

2 3 0

9 9

100

33

32

13

17

13

3 0 0

3 9 .5

2 3 0 . 5 0

2 2 9 . 0 0

1 9 2 . 0 0 - 2 6 2 .5 0

-

-

-

7

-

6

9

16

9

4

3

32

4 5

39

50

19

25

8

10

12

3 6 9

3 9 .0

1 7 0 .0 0

-

-

-

-

2

35

34

6 6

38

4 9

3 2

SECRETARIES. CLASS A ---------MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------

3 9 6

3 9 .0

2 3 8 .5 0

2 0 5 . 0 0 - 2 7 2 . 5 0

2 8 0

3 9 .0

2 4 1 .5 0

2 4 4 .0 0

2 1 4 . 5 0 - 2 7 0 . 5 0

-

-

-

“

3

11 6

3 9 .5

2 3 7 . 5 0

2 1 1 . 0 0

1 9 6 . 0 0 - 2 9 1 . 0 0

“

-

-

“

“

38

4 0 .0

2 9 9 . 5 0

3 1 1 .5 0

2 6 1 . 0 0 - 3 5 3 . 0 0

-

-

-

-

*

-

6

19

32

15

n
4
7
6
-

1 6 0 .0 0

1 4 0 . 0 0 - 1 9 5 .5 0

?

3 9 .5

1 7 1 .0 0

1 7 0 .0 0

1 5 0 . 0 0 - 1 9 0 . 0 0

“

“

-

2

1

12

15

10

17

2 5

15

42

16

9

3

-

2
-

3

16 7

-

-

-

-

9 6 3

3 8 .0

1 7 3 .0 0

1 7 0 .0 0

1 5 0 . 0 0 - 1 9 0 .0 0

-

-

-

-

10

37

82

1 1 3

1 2 2

1 1 6

11 3

19 3

10 8

34

19

7

4

2

3

-

-

2 7 9

3 8 .5

1 6 9 .0 0

1 6 1 .0 0

1 4 4 . 0 0 - 1 9 4 . 5 0

-

6

-

9

13

13

18

4 2

32

2 6

23

46

2 3

6

13

5

i

-

2

-

1

3
-

-

8

•

30

89

4 8

58

59

40

14

5

“

-

7
-

11

-

7

23

4 2

50

51

37

7

1

11
-

3

“

8

7

4

7

34

6

8

8

3

7

4

11

6

-

-

7

-

2

-

5

1

5

i

11

* 6

77

2 4 0 .5 0

3

-

-

39

38

15

n

2

1

10

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ---------MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------WHOLESALE tra de --------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------FINANCE -------------------------------SERVICES ------------------------------

1 ,1 1 3

3 9 .0

2 0 9 . 5 0

2 0 5 .0 0

1 8 0 . 0 0 - 2 3 8 .0 0

-

•

_

7

6

6

2 0 8

23 1

130

11 6

67

52

12

19

4

5 7 0

3 9 .5

2 2 0 . 0 0

2 1 6 .0 0

1 9 4 . 0 0 - 2 4 5 .0 0

-

-

-

-

3

-

11

10

16

2

31

90

146

91

80

49

27

6

6

2

5 4 3

3 8 .5

1 9 9 .0 0

1 9 0 .0 0

1 6 4 . 5 0 - 2 2 1 . 5 0

“

-

-

7

3

6

2 4

2 2

4 6

4 6

4 6

a s

39

36

18

2 5

6

13

2

-

6

-

1

11 8
-

6

5

6

8

21

3

9

1

7

2

20

16

10

7

4

6

1

1
.

3
_

1
-

1
-

-

4

2

-

1

-

-

8 5

3 8 .5

1 9 0 .0 0

1 9 0 .0 0

1 5 9 . 0 0 - 2 0 0 .0 0

1

-

2

-

1

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ---------MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------WHOLESALE TRAOE -------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------FINANCE ------------------------------SERVICES -----------------------------

1 ,7 2 3

3 9 .0

1 8 7 .0 0

1 8 0 .5 0

1 6 1 . 0 0 - 2 0 7 .0 0

2 5 0 .0 0

2 7 4 .0 0

2 1 6 . 5 0 - 2 9 6 . 0 0

-

-

-

7

-

-

-

3 9 .5

1 8 4 .5 0

1 7 0 .0 0

1 5 7 . 5 0 - 2 0 6 . 5 0

-

-

-

-

-

2

13

6 9

3 9 .5

1 8 1 .5 0

1 8 4 .0 0

1 7 0 . 0 0 - 1 9 2 .0 0

“

-

-

“

“

1

6

2

4

4

9

29

8

5

1

2 2 2

3 7 .5

1 9 7 .0 0

1 9 3 .0 0

1 7 8 . 5 0 - 2 1 7 .0 0

-

-

-

“

-

-

5

6

19

15

15

60

5 3

24

18

-

-

*

3

3

~

7

15

7

5

19

11

.

-

-

8

1

2 7

4 2

1 5 5

16 8

2 1 3

2 1 0

3 9 9

19 ^

8 6 4

3 9 .5

1 9 4 .5 0

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28

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111

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1 ,2 8 2

3 8 .5

1 6 8 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL ---------MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------FINANCE --------------------------------

1

22
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3 8 .0

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19

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2 5 6

STENOGRAPHERS. SENIOR ------------m a n u f a c Tu r i n g ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------FINANCE --------------------------------

3 9 .5

1 7 1 .5 0

3 7 2

3 9 .5

1 8 6 .0 0

1 7 8 .5 0

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*

follow s:

3 at $ 3 6 0 to

$380;

3

10

6

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15

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1

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1

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37

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as

3 7 .5

23 1

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE TYPISTS
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------N O N M A N U F A C T U k ING ---------f i n a n c e -------------------

16

30

20

10

12

“

•

and 3 at $ 380 to $ 4 0 0 .

ta b le s .




31

4 0 .0

SECRETARIES. CLASS 0 ---------MANUFACTURING-------------------- -NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------FINANCE -------------------------------SERVICES ------------------------------

of

60

3 9 .5

1 6 7 .5 0

at end

5

94

1

6 7

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-

5

11 6

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distributed

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73

76

w ere

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94

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35

3

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*

T a b le A-1. W e e kly earnings of office w orkers in C levelan d, O hio, S ep tem b er 1976 — Continued
W e e k l y e a r n i n gs

1

N u m b e r

o f

w o r k e r s

r e c e iv in g

s t r a ig h t -t im e

w e e k ly

of—

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( s ta nd ar d)

S

Nu mber

85

w e e k ly

O ccu p at io n and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n
w or k e r s

S

ho urs1
M ean

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*

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^

S

S

i

s

s

$

u n d e r

90

i

S

S

5

S

$

%

$

s

%

1 --------

-

100

-

no

120

130

190

150

160

170

180

200

220

290

260

280

300

320

390

360

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

and

no

95

95

S

-

90

120

130

190

150

160

170

180

200

220

290

260

280

300

320

390

360

53
29
29
19

116
66

167
88
79

153
80
73
99
15

137
62
75
91
22

111
36
75
35
16

61
23
30
18

67
33
39
19
5

73
27
96
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11
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20
19

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297
59
238
52

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and

M id d le ranged

s

lo o .

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
$

-

1 3 8 .0 0 -1 7 0 .0 0
1 3 3 .0 0 -1 6 1 .0 0
1 3 8 .0 0 -1 6 0 .0 0

-

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1
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52
19
33
22
9

159
28
126
56
99

-

-

-

21

1 5 0 .0 0
1 9 6 .0 0

1 3 8 .5 0
1 3 8 .5 0

1 3 9 .0 0 -1 5 1 .5 0
1 3 3 .5 0 -1 5 0 .0 0

-

-

1 3 5 .0 0
1 9 0 .0 0
1 39 .00
1 27 .00
1 2 1 .5 0
1 23 .50

1 2 5 .0 0
1 29 .00
1 2 9 .5 0
1 2 2 .0 0
1 1 7 .0 0
1 2 8 .5 0

1
1
1
1
1
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1
2
1
2
1
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5
1
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0
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3
9
3
2
3

0
3
0
2
6
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1 12 .50
1 1 2 .0 0
1 12 .00
1 09 .00

1 1 0 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0
1 10 .00
1 07 .00

1
1
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3 8 .0

1 92 .00
1 90 .50
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1 95 .00
1 30 .00

1 3 2 .0 0
1 32 .00
1 3 0 .5 0
2 0 5 .5 0
1 30 .50

1 1 9 .5 0 -1 5 8
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3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
9 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5

1 5 9 .0 0
1 7 7 .0 0
1 9 2 .0 0
2 1 0 .5 0
1 19 .50
1 90 .50
1 16 .50

1 9 7 .5 0
1 7 9 .0 0
1 33 .00
2 1 2 .0 0
1 21 .00
1 92 .00
1 15 .00

1 1 9 .5 0 -1 8 5
1 9 7 .5 0 -2 0 3
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3 9 .0
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1 92 .00
1 99 .00
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1 2 7 .5 0 -1 5 7 .5 0
1 2 1 .0 0 -1 9 9 .5 0

505
266
108

3 8 .0
3 8 .5

1 5 5 .5 0
1 5 9 .5 0
1 5 6 .0 0
1 9 7 .5 0
1 9 9 .5 0

TYPISTS. CLASS 8 -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------WHOLESALE t r a d e ----------------------------FINANCE ---------------------------------------------SERVICES --------------------------------------------

1 .9 3 3
399
1 ,0 3 9
263
397
126

3 9 .0
9 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 7 .5
3 9 .5

1 3 9 .5 0
1 3 6 .0 0
1 3 3 .5 0
1 2 1 .5 0
1 2 1 .5 0
1 1 9 .5 0

FILE CLERKS. CLASS A ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

157
191?

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

FILE CLERKS, CLASS B ----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------FI N A N C E -------------------- -------- ------ — - —
SERVICES --------------------------------------------

992
98
399

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

50
188
5S

3 9 .0
3 7 .0
3 9 .5

FILE CLERKS, CLASS C ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------------------

280
250
62
137

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

MESSENGERS --------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------------------

929
1 /0
259
73
79

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

--------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------- -------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------------FINANCE ---------------------------------------------SERVICES --------------------------------------------

396
136

operators

260
95
51
58

87

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------FINANCE ---------------------------------------------SERVICES --------------------------------------------

696
320
326

ORDER CLERKS ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANIJFACTURING------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------

9 0 0

See

fo o tn o te s

at e n d




153
89
58

995
955
361

$
$
1 3 2 .5 0 -1 6 8 .5 0
1 3 0 .0 0 -1 6 7 .5 0

-

983
978

sw itchb oa rd

$
1 9 9 .5 0
1 9 7 .5 0
1 5 1 .0 0
1 9 5 .5 0

-

TYPISTS. CLASS A -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------FINANCE ---------------------------------------------SERVICES --------------------------------------------

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

9 0 .0
3 9 .0

3 9 .0
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3 9 .5
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1 60 .50

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13 0 .0 0 -1 8 9 .0 0
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-

111
27
89

77
31
46

23
2
21

25

16
2
19

-

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25

5

10

20
92
18

10
17
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99
7
68

96
89
39
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35
29
6
16

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97
12
35
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75
28
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53
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79
93
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1
98

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10
10

32
11
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83
33

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.

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11

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130
29
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81
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15

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130
98
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190
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199
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277
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15
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29
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-

-

*

27
15
12
12

*

*
3
1
2
2

“

17
6

8

-

31
17
19

-

17
9
8
1
5

1
19
3

31

“

-

-

-

-

-

18

-

-

-

-

19
7
7

15 1
93
58
95

«

-

-

«

20

1

-

-

16

o f t a b le s .

18

-

9

77

-

9
2
7
7
«

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

19
19

6

5

5

4

1

i

-

1

i

-

-

-

4

-

•

19
15

9

-

-

-

-

-

Table A-1. W e e kly earnings of office w orkers in C levelan d, Ohio, S ep tem b e r 1976 — Continued
W e e k l y e a rn i ng s 1
( s ta n d a rd )
Num ber

Occup at ion and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

of
w or k e r s

h ou rs 1
( s t a nd a r d )

M ean *

M edian *

N u m be r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv i n g s t r a ig h t - t i m e w ee k ly earni ngs of -----

S

A ve ra ge
w e ek ly
M id dle ra nge*

85

i

90

S

95

S

100

$

160

170

180

200

4
220

160

170

180

200

220

240

no
60
50
1
11
11
16
11

152
103
49
3
17
6
17
6

153
81
72
6
6
9
24
27

243 274
155 120
88 154
13 129
4
13
7
3
*5
14
14

72
36
36
16
5
1
4
10

53
34
19
9
7
1
«
2

164 237 30B 258 269
48 89 115 142 no
116 148 193 116 159
4
3
2
49 25 103
29 64
27
43 54 41
30
18 44 30 32
38
6 25
15
25
25

123
78
45
10
9
8
14
4

82
39
43
6
20
4
9
4

98
46
52
21
15
1
5
10

105
33
72
46
25
1
*

17
7
10
10
*

39
9
30
30
"

110

s

S

4

S

130

140

150

140

150

53 112
8 48
45 64
28
22
7 11
25
10
6
“

108
33
75
7
24
12
29
3

120

i

4

i

4

240

4
$
$
4
260 280 300 320

i

" 5 ---------

340 360

and
under

90

and

95

100

no

-

l
i
-

120

130

260 280

300

320

340

67
37
30
29
1

72
52
20
18
1
1

5
5
-

62
26
36
36
-

2
2
2
“

22
11
11
11
*
•
*

*

-

“

*

*

*

*

360

over

ALL W
ORKERS—
CONTINUED
ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS A -------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------------------W
HOLESALE TRADE -------------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------FINANCE -----------------------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------------

1 ,512

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS B --------------MANUFACTURING -------------------- ——----NONMANUFACTURING -------------------- -----PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------------------W
HOLESALE TRADE -------------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------------

i

15
3
12
11
1

39.5 191.00 f 84. 00 Is6 .5 0 -ll5 .5 0
786 39.5 196.00 185.00 164.50-214.00
726 39.5 185.50 178.50 148.00-215.50
242 40.0 228.50 218.50 215.50-253.00
149 40.0 155.50 145.00 132.00-167.00
70 39.5 157.50 153.00 137.00-173.00
184 38.5 166.00 164.00 145.50-189.50
81 38.0 180.00 175.00 162.50-193.50

-

-

,887 39.5 152.50 144.00 127.50-165.00
766 39.5 154.50 148.50 132.50-165.50
i ,121 39.0 150.50 140.00 124.50-163.00
170 39.5 221.50 215.50 195.00-254.50
389 40.0 140.50 136.00 118.50-150.00
231 39.5 131.00 128.00 118.00-142.00
201 37.5 140.50 139.00 127.00-155.00
130 39.0 140.50 142.50 123.00-155.50

-

6
6
6
-

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
CLASS A ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

92 39.5 ,153.00 150.00 138.00-162.00
52 40.0 159.00 160.00 141.00-168.00

*

-

*

*

4
*

6
-

15
“

16
16

28
17

10
10

4
4

4
4

2
*

3
1

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONM
ANUFACTURING ----------------------------

154 38.5 138.50 133.00 120.00-154.50
84 38.5 148.50 143.00 128.00-165.50
70 38.5 126.50 120.00 115.00-140.00

3
3

3
3

3
3

4
4

22
9
13

38
15
23

18
15
3

15
9
6

20
12
8

9
9
*

3
3
*

9
9

7
3
4

*
*
*

•

•

.

1

.

26
17

2

16
5

13
11

11
7

-

-

-

*

5

BILLING-MACHINE BILLERS -------------------NONM
ANUFACTURING ----------------------------

81
52

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE

66 40.0 145.50 140.00 115.50-192.00

billers

--------

39.5 154.50 145.00 127.50-162.50
40.0 162.50 150.00 127.50-168.00

21
21

7
5
2
2

7

10
10

2

16

-

-

-

18

4

-

-

48
23
25

54
40
14

69
47
22
6
7

53
39
14
8
5

55
42
13
2
1

77
52
25
13
1

33
24

39
34
5
5

147
101
46
3

167
104
63
11
7
37

104
70
34
15

69
52
17
3
11

48
30
18
16
2

32
32

16

73
34
39
17
22
-

-

103
37
66
15
34
7

81
28
53
26

40

53
28
25
18

60
26
34
34

20
8
12
12

22

2
2

4

-

-

2

1

-

9

3

*

*

-

16

2

5

2

1

8

148.00-181.50
149.50-182.00
147.00-178.50
171.50-222.00
148.50-203.50
144.00-167.50

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

802 39.5 156.50 148.50
276 39.5 164.50 159.00
526 39.0 152.00 143.00
138 40.0 201.00 202.00
165 39.5 138.50 140.50
65 39.5 128.50 124.00
116 38.0 133.00 132.50

130.00-174.50
143.00-181.50
127.50-164.00
166.50-237.00
125.00-150.00
110.00-145.00
125.50-142.00

.

13

7

-

-

4

60 39.0 192.00 175.00 155.50-214.00

-

-

-

-

8

1

-

-

-

1
3
3

*

-

-

13

7

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

7

3

“
“
*

28
3
25

38
3
35

-

12

58
47
11

66
42
24

130
68
62

1
6

5
13

19
38

83
10
73

112
48
64

130
52
78

7
7
3

-

-

-

16

6
6
15

37
13
23

-

5

-

-

11
6
1

at en d o f t a b l e s .




-

9

14

162.00
162.50
161.50
204.50
160.00
155.00

-

-

16
16

1
13
8
5

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------- — ------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------------------------------FINANCE -------------------------------------------------------------------------

-

2

*

170.50
171.50
168.00
199.00
173.00
156.00

7
7

-

8

62
47
15
1
8

-

-

-

36

27
13
26

5

5

4

3
3

9

31

-

25

15
7

3

*

*

“

1

-

39.5
39.5
39.0
40.0
39.5
38.5

5

*
*

14

150.00-210.00
152.00-218.50
138.50-200.00
173.50-228.00
127.50-160.00

914
598
316
67
68
152

S ee fo o t n o t e s

*

*
-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS. CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------- — -------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------------------

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

11 106
3 21
8 85
44
8 14
11
16
-

.

172.00
175.00
160.00
202.50
139.50

PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------------

-

-

183.50
189.50
168.00
204.50
141.00

m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------

l

-

570 39.5
405 39.5
165 39.5
49 39.0
50 39.5

PAYROLL CLERKS -------------------------------------

•

9
9

-

-

11

2

-

5

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

24

10
8

-

_

•

*
_
*

•

*

*

*

T
•

*
*
*

•

-

-

•

-

-

_

*

•

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

•
-

-

-

-

-

-

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11

-

1

-

-

-

24
24

-

Table A-1a.

W eekly earnings of o ffice w o rke rs —large establishm ents in C leveland, O hio, S ep te m b e r 1976
W
eekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number
of
workers

N um be r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv i n g s t r a ig h t - t i m e w e e k ly earni ngs of---s

weekly
hours1
(standard

s
85

S

Mean *

Median*

Middle range*

s

S

S

S

S

$

s

S

S

s

$

$

S

100

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

-----360

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

over

6
6
1
4

32
4
28
1
12
11

86
44
42
5
15
21

152
86
66
8
10
45

21 5
124
91
6
17
66

282
175
107
1
4
25
64

255
155
100
3
2
15
68

472
273
199
13
5
42
131

394
246
148
42
13
13
71

298
211
87
33
11
9
32

310
226
84
45
13
3
19

163
136
27
16
2

27
18
9
4
3
2

3
2
1

5
4
1

1
-

•

7

113
90
23
16
2
•
4

13
7
6
1
2

-

3
1
2
2
-

.

-

.

•

-

-

•

•

2
2

29
24

31
25

40
38

43
38

35
33

12
7

3
1

3
2
1
-

90

95

90

O cc up at ion and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

S

I

95

100

-

-

-

.

i

S

1

and
under

and

ALL WORKERS

2,829
1,302
1,027
174
78
164
546

39.0
39.0
38.5
40.0
40.0
39.5
38.0

$
502.00
208.00
192 .00
237.00
210.50
170 .00
182.00

$
195.50
20 3 .5 0
185 .00
238 .00
213 .50
169 .50
178 .50

$
$
1 6 7 .00-233 .00
1 7 1 .00-241 .00
161 .5 0 -2 1 6 .5 0
2 0 9 .5 0 -2 5 1 .0 0
1 6 0 .00-243 .00
1 5 0 .00-190 .00
1 5 8 .50-199 .50

SECRETARIES. CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING -------------- — ------

200
172

39.0
39.0

258 .00
2 58 .00

25 9 .5 0
2 59 .50

2 3 1 .5 0 -2 8 1 .0 0
2 3 3 .0 0 -2 8 1 .0 0

•
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

SECRETARIES. CLASS B -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------

649
397
252
42
69
111

39.0
39.5
38.5
4 0 .C
39.5
38.0

22 7 .0 0
23 1 .0 0
22 1 .0 0
26 2 .5 0
181 .50
21 8 .0 0

22 2 .5 0
227 .00
21 5 .5 0
2 74 .00
184 .00
2 15 .50

2 0 0 .0 0 -2 5 1 .0 0
2 0 3 .5 0 -2 5 4 .5 0
190 .0 0 -2 4 4 .5 0
2 3 9 . 0 0 - 2 9 6 . P0
170 .0 0 -1 9 2 .0 0
196 .5 0 -2 3 3 .0 0

-

.
-

*

-

_

1
1
1
-

6
6
6
*

5
3
2
2
“

6
2
4
4
*

7
2
5
4
1

26
14
12
1
9
2

113
54
59
29
29

143
96
47
6
8
30

116
77
39
5
5
24

98
66
32
5
1
18

57
42
15
8
•
4

47
27
20
16
2

10
6
4
1
-

10
6
4
1

21
6
15
5
5
5

59
25
34
8
7
19

109
60
49
6
12
30

164
91
73
1
3
19
44

176
108
68
1
2
4
52

283
163
120
a
4
5
98

163
80
83
27
12
1
38

96
59
37
22
7
1
6

84
40
44
34
7
1

56
49
7
6

28
27
1
1
-

5
5
-

-

-

-

-

-

6

•
-

SECRETARIES ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------ — -------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------- —— —
RETAIL TRADE ----------------------FINANCE ---------------------------------

*

-

SECRETARIES. CLASS C ------------ -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------

1.255
713
54 2
99
57
64
293

39.0
39.5
39.0
40.0
40.0
39.5
38.5

193 .00 185 .00
19 8 .0 0 1 8 6 . 5 0
187 .00 1 83 .00
2 28 .00 2 29 .00
L92.0U 2 0 0 . 0 0
1 5 4 .5 0 1 5 7 . 0 0
179 .00 178.50

1 6 7 .00-214 .00
1 6 9 .50-220 .50
1 6 3 .00-207 .00
2 0 9 .5 0 -2 4 7 .0 0
1 5 2 .0 0 -2 2 9 .0 0
1 4 2 .5 0 -1 6 5 .5 0
1 6 4 .0 0 -1 9 3 .5 0

.
-

.
-

-

2
2
2
-

1
1
“

8
8
1
7
-

SECRETARIES. CLASS D ------------ -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------

708
514
194
131

38.5
39.0
38.0
37.5

18U.00
L8 7.50
161.00
151 .50

168 .00
174 .00
156 .50
151 .00

150 .00-212 .50
1 5 4 .00-224 .00
1 4 3 .0 0 -1 7 2 .0 0
1 4 0 .0 0 -1 6 3 .5 0

-

_
-

-

22
4
18
11

58
38
20
16

87
58
29
26

98
61
37
36

107
79
28
19

52
32
20
14

70
54
16
4

57
46
11
1

54
50
4
-

88
82
6
-

6

-

5
5
*
♦

3
3
.

-

1
1
-

-

-

183 .00
181 .50
1 8 4 .5 0
2 05 .50

174 .50
168 .00
177 .00
2 1 2 .0 0

1 4 9 .50-214 .00
1 4 4 .0 0 -2 2 5 .0 0
1 5 1 .00-212 .00
179 .5 0 -2 2 5 .5 0

_

-

195
249
158

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0

-

*

_
*

_
-

7
5
2
*

15
5
10
*

49
30
19
*

48
22
26
5

62
27
35
17

31
11
20
6

25
10
15
12

32
19
13
9

76
12
64
64

51
19
32
32

40
34
6
6

8
1
7
7

STENOGRAPHERS. SENIOR -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUF ACTUR I t - 6 :
FINANCE ---------------------------------

495
256

39.5
3 V .5

195 .00
191 .50

2 03 .50
195 .00

169 .5 0 -2 1 5 .5 0
162 .5 0 -2 1 1 .0 0

-

-

_
-

2
-

3

11
1

9
3

17
17

44
36

38
24

47
25

58
30

193
73

42
30

23
14

7
3

57

37.5

157 .00

161 .00

129 .0 0 -1 8 3 .0 0

-

-

-

2

3

10

6

-

7

9

1

18

1

-

-

TYPISTS. CLASS A ------------------------- ________
-----m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------FINANCE ---------------------------------

721
398
323
183

39.0
40.0
38.5
38.0

156 .00
154 .50
158 .50
145 .50

149 .50
143 .00
153 .00
145 .00

131 .0 0 -1 7 2 .5 0
1 3 0 .00-167 .00
1 3 8 .00-174 .50
1 3 1 .50-159 .00

-

-

39
24
15
14

91
58
33
26

122
85
37
29

106
52
54
42

93
47
46
26

65
32
33
18

52
19
33
13

54
31
23
11

11
9
2

17
16
1

*

10
4
6
4

59
19
40

*

_
-

-

-

TYPISTS. CLASS B ------------------------- __ _____
MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------FINANCE --------------------------------- —

6 83
294
389
159

39.5
40.0
39.0
38.0

146 .00
137 .00
153 .00
125 .00

140 .00
130 .50
146 .00
124 .50

1 2 2 .00-158 .50
1 2 0 .00-148 .00
125 .5 0 -1 7 4 .5 0
115 .0 0 -1 3 4 .5 0

*

*

3
1
2

36
19
17
17

101
50
51
48

114
71
43
38

79
44
35
34

103
44
59
19

81
23
58

36
13
23
-

24
9
15
-

30
10
20
-

74
9
65
-

1
1
-

FILE CLERKS, CLASS 6 ---------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

165
141

38.5
38.0

158 .50
154 .00

150 .50
148 .00

1 2 1 .00-212 .00
1 1 8 .50-182 .50

-

_

-

12
12

26
25

16
14

17
12

10

25
25

6

5
5

3

30
29

9
2

1

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL ------------ -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------

S e e f o o t n o t e s a t en d o f t a b l e s .




6

1

8

3

4

3

i

1

_

-

-

-

4
4
1
1
•
-

-

_
•

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

-

-

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
-

-

-

•
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

•
-

1
1
-

•

.

•

•
-

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

1
1

_

_

-

Table A-1a.

W eekly earnings of o ffice w o rke rs —large establishm ents in C leveland, O hio, S ep tem b e r 1 9 7 6 — Continued
W eek ly earnings 1
(standard)

O c c u p a tio n

and

in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Num ber
of

N um ber
$

A verag e
w eek ly
hours *
(standard

5

85
M ean

*

M edian

*

M id d le ran ge*

$

90

of w ork ers

95

r e c e iv in g

£

$

100

110

120

130

140

s tr a ig h t-tim e

S
150

160

170

w e e k ly

S

$

180

200

e a r n in g s

£
220

240

o f -----

£
260

S

$

280

300

320

1 ------340

and
under

95

100

-

90

360
and

5
3

140

150

120

130

24

13

7

2

1

25
12
13

30
22
8
-

30
16
14
6

10
4
6
1

20
9
11

16
11
5

28
12
16

23
14
9

n o

160

170

180

2

2

-

23
15
8
6

14
9
5
4

3
2
1
1
7
5
2
1

220

240

2

2

-

-

20
9
11
9

43
7
36
36

9
4
5
4

2
1
1
1

27
19
8
6

36
12
24
24

16
6
10
8

15
14
1
1

200

260

280

300

320

340

360

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
$

$

FILE CLERKS, CLASS C -----------------------------

60

39.5

120 .50

111.00

MESSENGERS ------------------------- ---------- --MANUFACTURING ----------------------- ----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------- -- ----------------- —
PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------------------------------

232
118
68

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.5

156 .00
146 .50
165.00
192.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------------------------------

235
116
119
42

3 9 .5 170 .00
3 9 .5 180.00
3 9 .0 160 .00
4 0 .0 20 8 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

62

40.0

ORDER CLERKS ---------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------------------

237
214

ACCOUNTING CLERKS, CLASS A ------------- -------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------- ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------RETAIL T R A D E ----------- — ----ACCOUNTING CLERKS, CLASS B --------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS 8 ----------------------- —

m

148 .00
134.00
159 .50
20 5 .5 0

$
$
1 0 4 .00-124 .00
122 .0 0 -1 9 3 .0 0
121 .5 0 -1 6 3 .5 0
127 .0 0 -2 0 5 .5 0
1 7 1 .5 0 -2 0 5 .5 0

163.00
172 .50
153 .50
2 12 .00

1 3 8 .00-209 .50
149 .5 0 -2 0 9 .5 0
1 2 5 .00-209 .00
2 0 2 .5 0 -2 1 2 .0 0

162 .00

159 .50

133 .5 0 -1 8 7 .5 0

40.0
40.0

177 .50
176 .00

156 .50
153 .00

1 3 0 .00-216 .50
1 3 1 .00-209 .50

868
515
353
217
63

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
39.5

2 05 .00
202 .50
2 08 .50
2 30 .00
155 .50

20 5 .5 0
188 .00
2 15 .50
2 18 .50
149 .50

168 .0 0 -2 2 5 .0 0
1 6 6 .00-232 .50
1 7 8 .50-221 .00
2 1 5 .5 0 -2 4 8 .0 0
137 .0 0 -1 6 5 .0 0

733
368
365
132
184

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
39.5

164 .00
1 57 .00
171 .50
23 3 .5 0
131 .50

146 .00
145 .00
152 .00
24 3 .5 0
129 .50

1 2 8 .50-195 .50
129 .0 0 -1 7 4 .0 0
1 2 7 .00-212 .00
2 1 2 .0 0 -2 6 3 .0 0
1 1 9 .50-141 .50

-

1
1

-

-

3

19
12
7

-

-

-

-

4
1
3

-

-

-

*

-

2
2

-

-

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

-

-

2

1

8

9

5

6

8

4

8

9

1

1

-

-

-

3

1
-

6
4

17
17

29
28

22
22

28
27

14
14

11
11

8
8

11
11

30
26

11
6

19
15

16
16

6
5

5
4

_

1

2

-

-

41
30
11

33
18
15

71
53
18
6
2

113
79
34
13
3

219
83
136
120
7

55
30
25
16
1

46
32
14
9
1

47
25
22
21
-

65
46
19
17

22
11
11
11

-

•

-

69
54
15
3
6

-

-

62
41
21
1
11

•

•

•

-

-

-

-

-

58
33
25
2
17

38
20
18
3
6

26
14
12
3
4

41
25
16
12
1

63

17
7
10
10

39
9
30
30
-

54
18
36
36
-

2
-

-

-

-

-

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

2

17
8
9

-

-

•

-

-

•

-

-

-

1

1

7

11

12

32
18
14

-

•

64
28
36

96
45
51

107
61
46

92
63
29

38

25

-

-

4
3
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

12

35

44

-

-

10

2

3

•

-

•

-

-

1

i

27
15
12

37
30
7

26
22

“

23
16
7

152 .0 0 -2 0 4 .0 9
1 5 5 .50-204 .90
1 4 5 .00-199 .00
1 4 3 .00-164 .00

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

11
4
7
2

53
34
19
8

63
35
28
21

66
42
24
16

95
66
29
13

61
49
12
4

1 3 6 .50-192 .00
1 4 9 .00-203 .50
1 2 9 .00-183 .50
1 1 0 .00-145 .00
1 2 6 .0 0 -1 4 3 .0 0

_

7

3

8

-

-

-

-

-

7
7

3
3

8
6
1

17
3
14
6
8

39
8
31
13
17

36
13
23

48
19
29
13
14

57
25
32
7
9

24
6
18
3
2

30
18
12
2

159.00
176.50
151.00
124.00
135 .00

-

2
2

-

11

165.00
176 .00
158 .00
128 .50
135.50

-

-

22
15
7

39.5
39.5
39.0
39.5
37.5

-

-

13

406
162
244
65
66

-

-

-

13
3
10

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS 8 -------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------FINANCE -------------------------

-

-

4

11

167.50
171.00
162.50
153 .00

-

-

-

12
5
7

178 .50
182 .00
171 .00
154.50

-

-

-

7

39.5
39.5
39.0
38.5

-

-

11

5
5

546
371
175
71

-

•

3

-

4
15

39
34
1

”

7

-

2
2
-

•
-

-

5
5

.
-

-

-

7

-

-

-

-

-

^6
31
15

25
16
9

34
30

13
13
-

16
16
-

3
1
2

56
43
13
7

48
23
25
-

46
28
18
-

32
32

5
5

10
10

-

-

.

-

-

•
-

•
-

•
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

53
28
25
1

60
26
34

8
8

6

•

-

6

-

-

•

•

•

-

-

10
8
2

-

-

-

•

•

.

.

-

-

'

See fo ot n ot es at end of tables.




-

11

i

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------- --NONMANUFACTURING ----------------FINANCE -------------------------

-

-

A

1 1 8 .50-154 .50
1 6 0 .00-232 .00
1 6 8 .00-245 .00
1 3 8 .50-209 .00

-

•

-

1

134 .50

1 95 .50 186 .00
20 4 .5 0 20 0 .0 0
174.00 166 .50

-

•

17
8
9
2

3

139.00

39.5
39.5
39.5

-

7
1
6

3

38.5

304
213
91

-

-

4

.

77

PAYROLL CLERKS ----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

— —

•

_

•

'

'

T a b le A -2 . W e e k ly earnings of professional and technical w orkers in C levelan d, Ohio, S e p te m b e r 1976
W
eekly earnings 1
(standard)
120

130

140

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly ea rni ngs o f ---S
s
s
s
s
S
%
%
S
$
S
S
$
160
180
200
220
240
260
280
300
320
340
360
440
460
420
380
400
500

120

Occ up at ion and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

130

140

160

180

200

-

*

-

i

S

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

no
Median *

Middle ranged

$

s

and
under

and
220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

440

460

-

6
6
*

•
“

8
8
-

18
6
12
*

29
13
16
-

32
18
14
1

50
34
16
2

35
19
16
-

40
32
8
6

35
21
14
14

36
9
27
21

47
26
21
20

28
19
9
9

12
8
4
2

2
2
*

4
“
4
3

19
3
16
7

55
7
48
13

38
8
30
7

39
17
22
9

35
14
21
8

41
10
31
16

41
11
30
3

31
15
16
-

9
5
4
-

6
6
•
-

1
1
-

1
1
-

-

35
26

9
9
-

14
5

-

-

19
5
14
-

20
20
-

6
6
*

-

2

20
18
2
1

2
2
-

-

•
-

-

-

-

-

•
-

•
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

500 o v e r

ALL WORKERS

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BUSINESS), CLASS A
MANUFACTURING -------non manufacturing PUBLIC UTILITIES

376
205
171
75

39.0
39.0
38.5
39.5

$
38 6 .5 0
394 .50
37 6 .0 0
4 32 .50

$
$
$
386 .50 3 4 2 .5 0 -4 3 3 .0 0
391 .00 3 5 6 .0 0 -4 4 0 .5 0
376 .00 3 2 1 .0 0 -4 3 1 .5 0
4 3 2 .0 0 4 1 4 .0 0 - 4 5 2 .5 0

-

-

-

*
*

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BUSINESS), CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING FINANCE ----------------

322
98
224
66

39.0
39.0
39.0
38.5

324 .00
34 4 .5 0
315 .00
30 3 .5 0

325 .00
340 .00
31 5 .0 0
31 0 .0 0

2 8 1 .5 0 -3 6 4 .5 0
3 0 3 .5 0 -3 8 2 .0 0
2 7 2 .5 0 -3 5 4 .5 0
2 6 8 .5 0 -3 4 0 .0 0

*

*

-

*

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS),
CLASS A ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING FINANCE ----------------

352
206
146
50

39.0
39.5
38.5
38.0

3 24 .00
3 16 .00
335 .00
2 73 .50

3 13 .50
3 16 .00
3 04 .00
27 7 .0 0

2 7 5 .5 0 -3 5 9 .0 0
2 7 8 .5 0 -3 4 7 .5 0
2 7 5 .0 0 -4 2 4 .5 0
2 4 9 .0 0 -2 9 5 .0 0

*

*

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS),
CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING FINANCE ----------------

530
183
347
71

39.0
39.5
38.S
38.0

2 6 7 .5 0
2 7 0 .5 0
2 66 .00
2 29 .50

2 57 .50
263 .50
25 0 .5 0
221 .50

2 2 8 .5 0 -3 1 0 .5 0
2 3 5 .5 0 -2 8 8 .5 0
2 1 5 .0 0 -3 2 0 .0 0
2 0 6 .0 0 -2 4 9 .5 0

-

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS),
CLASS C ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -

no
61

39.0
39.0

23 8 .0 0
21 6 .5 0

2 33 .00
2 13 .00

2 0 6 .5 0 -2 7 1 .0 0
1 9 3 .50-236 .00

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING PUBLIC UTILITIES

247
134
113
45

39.0
39.5
38.5
39.0

25 0 .5 0
2 44 .50
25 7 .5 0
326 .00

2 36 .00
2 37 .50
23 2 .0 0
328 .00

2 0 8 .0 0 -2 8 0 .5 0
2 1 3 .0 0 -2 b 2 .0 0
2 0 4 .0 0 -3 1 6 .5 0
3 0 5 . 0 0 - 3 6 0 . CO

_
-

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING ------NONMANUFACTURING FINANCE ----------------

4 25
229
196
58

39.0
39.5
38.5
38.0

211 .00
22 7 .0 0
191.50
161.00

205 .50
216 .50
189.00
171.50

180 .00-232 .50
1 8 6 . 0 0 - 2 5 2 . s0
160 .00-219 .50
160 .00-200 .50

-

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C -------------MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING -

283
80
203

39.5
39.5
39.0

171.00
163.50
174.00

163.00
161.50
173 .50

140 .00-206 .00
1 5 5 .5 0 -1 6 7 .5 0
1 4 0 .0 0 -2 1 9 .5 0

drafters.

66b
519

40.0
40.0

287 .00
290 .00

282 .50
286 .00

555

447
108
34

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

230 .00
229 .50
2 32 .00
286 .00

297
212

40.0
40.0

191.00
180.50

Cl a s s a —
MANUFACTURING --------

drafters, class
ma nu fac turing

—
------non manufacturing PUBLIC UTILITIES

DRAFTERS,

b

CLASS C -------

manu fac tur ing

---------

*

-

1
1
*

2
2
2

15
9
6
6

32
12
20
9

59
30
29
12

45
31
14
10

43
33
10
7

32
27
5
1

12
12
2

36
5
31
3

66
13
53
29

96
31
65
12

67
40
27
14

63
39
24
9

37
16
21
1

34
8
26
1

33
10
23
-

44
13
31
-

40
6
34
-

8
8

1
1

17
14

18
14

25
14

10

6
1

10
“

6
1

7

<+

3

-

-

_
~

-

*

*

”

2

55
34
21
”

53
27
26
2

23
20
3
1

19
16
3
2

14

2
“

31
13
18
-

19
8
11
11

4
5
5

6
1
5
5

16
2
14
14

-

68
38
30
5

33
18
15
*

8
8
*

18
18

3
3
-

6
6
*

5
5
-

-

"

10
8
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

.
-

-

.
-

-

.
-

63
63

19
17

3
1

14
14

•

•

•

.

*

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

•
-

*

-

*

-

-

_

.

9

9

“

“

_
-

1
1
-

49
3
46
13

49
16
33
21

87
53
34
9

88
53
35
10

24
24

19
4
15

20
10
10

49
11
38

57
41
16

27
4
23

83
8
75

4
2
2

*

*

*

2 5 3 .0 0 -3 0 9 .0 0
257 .5 0 -3 1 9 .5 0

-

-

_

-

-

~

*

3
3

7
7

38
29

153
99

120
94

131
116

89
52

25
24

222 .00
222 .00
218 .50
29 2 .0 0

2 0 3 .5 0 -2 5 5 .0 0
2 0 3 .5 0 -2 5 2 .0 0
1 7 8 .50-268 .00
2 5 8 .0 0 -3 1 0 .5 0

-

-

-

4
4
-

57
57
-

24
9
9

9

1

“

68
55
13
4

9

-

82
69
13
6

13

“

91
87
4
2

33

-

152
124
28
1

4
4

182.50
172.50

160 .00-226 .00
155 .50-185 .00

-

_

12
12

58
52

28
17

63
9

15
11

1
1

5

2
2

*

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .




-

*

_

-

-

8

46
17
29

78
76

34
27

5
5

4

9

-

?

1

-

8

_
-

-

-

8

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

9

_

•
-

-

T ab le A -2 . W e e kly earnings of professional and technical w orkers in C levelan d , Ohio, S ep tem b e r 1 9 7 6 — Continued
W eek ly earnings
(standard)
Number
of
workere

Occ up at ion and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

*

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv i n g strai g h t - t im e we ekly earning s of—
S

$
no

w eek ly
M ean

(standard)

^

M edian

^

M id d le ranged

$
120

S

%

190

130

s

S

160

180

S

200

S

220

S

290

S

260

$

%

280

300

$

S

320

390

$
360

s

$

380

900

S

$

i

920

990

960

and
under
120

500
and

130

190

160

180

220

290

260

119
103

2 00

97
97

107
107

280

300

320

390

360

380

900

920

990

960

500 ove r

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
$
2 1 9 .5 0
2 19 .00

$
jO
O

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS,

CLASS A-

183

U

90,0

29 5 .5 0

U .U

•uu

2 39 .50

$
$
1 8 9 .00-291 .50

233 .0 0 -2 5 3 .0 0
C j d • VV

75
69
.

_

-

-

1
1

8

6

7

6

79
79

71

5

1
1

2

-

2

36

5

-

-

-

17

22
19

13
13

• VW

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS,

CLASS

B -

2*6

39.5

2 09 .00
«-io.oo

2 09 .00
211 .00

1 7 8 .50-221 .00
183 .00-239 .00

-

-

-

19

67

53

87
76

17
17

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS,

CLASS C -

90

39.5

187 .00

191.00

1 8 1 .00-203 .50

-

11

-

2

2

98

21

27
25

_

9

6

18
16

*

“

u J U • UU

1

* • ••
—

t. J U • j O

i. i d # (JU

See foo tno tes at end of ta bl e s .




9

31
27

-

*

-

-

-

*

-

-

*

Table A -2 a . W e e k ly earnings of professional and technical w o rk e rs —large establishm ents
in C levelan d , O h io , S ep tem b e r 1976
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

O ccu p at ion and in du s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workere

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N um be r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w ee kly earni ngs of ---$

I
120

Mean ^

Median ^

I

$

S

$

$

s

200

220

240

260

240

260

880

-

180

180

200

220

160

140

130

$

S

-

“

S

1

280

300

300

320

$

S

320

340

t

i
360

380

s

$
400

420

$
440

J
460

480

and
under

Middle ranged

and
140

160

-

-

-

*

*

*

*

-

-

“

-

130

1 -------520

340

360

380

400

420

32
24

440

460

480

520

over

ALL WORKERS
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BUSINESS), CLASS A ----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------------------

288
182
106
72

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BUSINESS)• CLASS 3 ----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------------------

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

3 9 6 .5 0
A 0 7 .5 0
A 3 6 .0 0

3 9 7 .0 0
3 9 1 .5 0
A 2 0 .5 0
A 3 ? . 50

$
356
356
375
419

257
98
159
53

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

3 3 1 .5 0
3 A A .50
3 2 3 .5 0
2 9 A . 50

3 3 6 .0 0
3 A 0.0 0
3 2 6 .5 0
2 8 8 .0 0

2
3
2
2

275
160
115

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

3 3 6 .0 0
3 2 3 .5 0
3 5 3 .5 0

3 2 6 .0 0
3 2 0 .0 0
3 5 3 .0 0

2 9 5 .5 0 -3 5 6 .5 0
2 8 0 .0 0 -4 3 5 .0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS).
CLASS B ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTUKING ------------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------------------

406
155
251
65

3
3
3
3

9 .0
9 .5
8 .5
8 .0

2 8 3 .0 0
2 7 5 .5 0
2 8 7 .5 0
2 3 1 .5 0

2 7A .5 0
2 6 5 .5 0
2 9 5 .5 0
2 2 4 .0 0

2 A A .0 0 -3 3 3
2 4 9 .0 0 -2 9 9
2 3 6 .5 0 -3 4 1
2 0 8 .0 0 -2 5 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS).
CLASS C ------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

100
51

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

2 4 6 .0 0
2 2 7 .5 0

2 3 6 .0 0
2 1 8 .5 0

2 1 3 .0 0 -2 7 6 .5 0
1 9 8 .0 0 -2 3 6 .0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------------------

197
11A
83
45

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

2 5 8 .5 0
2 A 7 .5 0
2 7 3 .5 0
3 2 6 .0 0

2 4 0 .5 0
2 3 7 .5 0
2 6 7 .5 0
3 2 8 .0 0

2
2
2
3

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

273
159
11A

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

2 2 3 .5 0
2 3 8 .0 0
2 0 3 .0 0

2 1 7 .0 0
2 2 9 .5 0
2 0 6 .5 0

1 9 0 .0 0 -2 4 1 .5 0
1 9 4 .0 0 -2 7 9 .5 0
1 7 6 .5 0 -2 3 2 .5 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C -------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

198
153

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 83 .50
1 8 8 .0 0

1 88 .00
2 0 0 .0 0

1 5 6 .0 0 -2 1 9 .5 0
1 5 8 .0 0 -2 1 9 .5 0

DRAFTERS, CLASS A -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

309
30A

A O .O
A0.0

2 9 0 .5 0
2 9 0 .0 0

2 8 1 .0 0
2 3 1 .0 0

2 5 0 .5 0 -3 3 0 .5 0
2 4 9 .5 0 -3 2 9 .0 0

a ------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

203
173

A O .O
A O .O

2 A 3 .0 0
2 3 6 .5 0

2 4 0 .0 0
2 3 3 .0 0

2 0 7 .0 0 -2 7 9 .0 0
2 0 7 .0 0 -2 7 4 .0 0

DRAFTERS, CLASS C -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

165
101

A O .O
A O .O

2 0 9 .0 0
1 9 9 .5 0

2 1 8 .5 0
1 8 5 .0 0

1 7 8 .0 0 -2 2 6 .0 0
1 7 7 .0 0 -2 2 4 .5 0

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS ----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

156
153

A O .O
A O .O

2 5 2 .0 0
2 5 0 .0 0

2 3 9 .0 0
2 3 9 .0 0

2 1 5 .0 0 -2 5 6 .5 0
2 1 5 .0 0 -2 5 4 .0 0

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS, CLASS 8 MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

85
85

A O .U
A O .O

2 5 5 .5 0
2 5 5 .5 0

2 4 3 .0 0
2 4 3 .0 0

2 2 2 .0 0 -2 5 3 .0 0
2 2 2 .0 0 -2 5 3 .0 0

REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSES -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

153
133

A O .O
A O .O

2 5 5 .0 0
2 5 7 .0 0

2 5 5 .0 0
2 5 5 .0 0

2 3 0 .0 0 -2 7 7 .5 0
2 3 0 .0 0 -2 7 4 .0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS)*
CLASS A ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

drafters,

class

39.0 4 0 0 . 5 0

9
0
7
6

2
3
5
4

$
.5 0 -4 4 0 .5 0
.0 0 -A 3 7 .5 0
.5 0 -4 4 6 .0 0
.0 0 -4 5 2 .5 0

.0
.5
.0
.5

0
0
0
0

-3
-3
-3
-3

72
82
72
26

.5 0
.0 0
.5 0
.5 0

_

12
13
09
05

.5
.0
.5
.0

0
0
0
0

-3
-2
-3
-3

0
7
2
6

0
0
9
0

.5
.5
.0
.0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

*

_
-

*

_

3
-

3

*

_

-

2

1
1

“

4

-

4
3

—
*

6
2

4

40
32

10

8

”

'

29
19

8
“

”

6

35
21
14
14

31
15
16

5
4

*

9
9

20
13
7

6
-

-

-

20

6

*

*

.

.

.

-

-

-

38
28
10

2*4
22
2

30
21
9

20
18
2

*

14
5
9

33

44

10
23
”

13
31

40
6
34

2
2
-

-

“

“

*

*

2
1

-

21
21

9

-

-

.

.

11
5
6
3

36
5
31
27

48
21
27
12

65
40
2a
12

53
29
24
9

37
16
21
1

34
8
26
1

18
14

25
14

10
4

6
1

10
“

6
1

7

_

_

3

-

-

35
24

34
22

18
15
3
1

19
16
3
2

14
9
5
5

19
8

9
4
5
5

6
1
5
5

16
2
14
14

-

11

-

-

6
6

18
18

3

6
6

5
5

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

25
13
12
-

-

12
2

43
26
17

56
28
28

52
22
30

23
18
5

24

83
75

4
2

~

11

-

-

1
-

13

1

10

37
16
21

12
8

15
10

29
22

31
16

20

-

-

-

-

7
7

29
29

65
65

*

11
11

_

.

-

-

-

.

-

_
-

-

*

-

-

_

_

-

3

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

*

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

51
49

55
55

17
16

14
14

37
37

18
17

2
1

14
14

8

-

_

12
10

20
20

36
35

30
27

25
21

28
26

27
21

13
9

-

3
3

6
6

37
35

21
17

19
14

57
9

15
11

1
1

5
4

-

1
1

-

_
“

2
2

5
5

39
39

33
33

38
38

6
6

1
1

2
2

-

*

2
2

-

-

_

-

4
4

15
15

17
17

31
31

1
1

-

-

-

*

5

16
14

24
23

31
27

36
35

21
13

13
13

-

.
-

-

.
-

_

-

-

•
-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

•

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

19

9
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

17
17

-

-

•

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

_

17

3
3

_

-

_

•

*

-

4
4

5

-

-

*

10
8
2

-

10

20
-

36
22
14

2
-

3

19
5
14

35

-

1

*

*

20
15

-

-

*

*

17
7
10

-

-

-

*

41

-

*

1
1
-

-

30
10
20
5

-

“

2
2

1
1
-

29
14
15
8

-

*

9
7

6
6
-

36
17
19
7

11
30
3

5
5

20

30
9

39
18
21

*

24
15
9
9

12
7

14

“

*

17
13
4

20
8

-

-

6
6

-

35
7
28
13

1
1

3

2
2

12
3
9
7

1
1

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




‘

2

-

*

-

*
-

_

2 8 8 .0 0 -3 7 9 .0 0

.5
.5
.5
.0

-

“
”

-

-

-

-

-

-

Table A -3 . Average w eekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in Cleveland, Ohio, S eptem be r 1976
Sex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

OFFICE

OC C U PA TI ONS

-

Weekly
heurs 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

Sex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

O F F I C E OC C U PA TI ONS
WOMEN— C O N T I N U E D

MEN

Average
(mean2 )

Average
(mean2 )

Average
(mean2 )
Number
of
workers

Nu mber
of

Weekly
hours 1
standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

Sex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

Number
of

Weekly
standard)

O F F I C E OC C U PA TI ONS
WOMEN— C O N T I N U E D

-

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

-

233
160
31
64

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

1 4 8 .5 0
1 4 0 .0 0
2 0 3 .0 0
1 3 2 .5 0

292
109

4 0 .0
< ♦ 0. 0

-

C ON TI N UE D

1 8 0 .0 0
2 1 1 .5 0

4 0 .0

SECRETARIES

1 6 1 .0 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

CLASS

IKnUt

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 2 7 .5 0
2 2 9 .5 0
2 2 5 .0 0
2 4 5 .0 0

1 4 7 .0 0
, r~n r~

~

84

g.

- in

j t v K t 1 A*' 1 1. D
2 .0 7 A

T RADE

™

** i

■

*

369
167

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

279

RETAIL

3 8 .5

389
277
112

1 .1 0 1

3 8 .0

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

.

1 4 2 .0 0
1 4 4 .0 0
1 4 0 .0 0
1 4 7 .0 0
1 3 2 .0 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 4 8 .5 0
1 48 .00
1 4 9 .5 0

649
631
138
64
1 76
63

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 8 8 .5 0
1 7 9 .5 0
1 5 0 .0 0
1 5 2 .0 0
1 64 .50
1 7 9 .0 0

1 ,7 9 1

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 5 1 .5 0
1 5 2 .5 0
1 5 1 .0 0

3 9 .5
3 7 .5

1 3 1 .0 0
1 3 9 .5 0
1 4 0 .5 0

646

1 3 8 .5 0

659

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 90 .50
1 8 4 .5 0
1 9 8 .0 0
1 5 6 .5 0

3 8 .5

1 4 4 .0 0

3 7 .5
3 6 .5

1 42 .50
1 35 .00

3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 8 .5

1 55 .00
1 54 .00
1 5 6 .0 0
1 4 7 .5 0
1 4 9 .5 0

” "*• *• ” **

1 6 0 '"O
1 4 9 .5 0

295

2 3 8 .5 0
«-37. j 0

a

39 ^
3 8 .5

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

336

O PE R A T O R -R E C E P TIO N IS T S -

1 7 1 !5 0
1 6 5 .0 0

88

1 .
-4

_ ___
_

3 9 .5
3 8 .5

230

39 5
4 0 .0

1K AUu

320
326
457

M A NU FA C TU R I NG

SWITCHBOARD

45
51
58
87

..

206

4 0 .0

3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5

1 .2 8 2

D

N u 1A I L

WTr ULLj ALC

1 7 5 .5 0
1 4 2 .0 0
2 1 0 .5 0
1 19 .50
1 40 .50
1 16 .50

4
>
SECR ETARIES*

472
503
266
108

1 8 0 .0 0
2 2 9 .0 0
1 7 0 .0 0
1 7 1 .0 0
1 7 3 .0 0
1 6 9 .0 0

1 .4 2 0
398
1 .0 2 2
263

A

3 9 .5

_

....... .
.

ACCOUNT I NG

^

CLERKSv

CL A S j

^
d

7**0
1 .0 5 1
RHULuoALt

4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 7 .5
3 9 .5

229
18 1

1 49 .00
1 4 4 .5 0

1 1 9 .5 0

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

1K A U t

1 3 6 .0 0
1 3 3 .5 0
1 2 1 .5 0

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

2 3 8 .5 0
2 4 0 .5 0
2 3 9 .0 0
2 9 6 .0 0

. .„ _

3 9 .0
BOOKKE EPIN G-M AC HIN E

OPERATORS.
3 9 .5

2 0 9 .0 0

52
BO OKKE EPI N G-M AC H IN E

OPERATORS.
152

WnvJLwJALL

138^50
1 3 3 .0 0

1 r\ A L/C_ *
69

97

68

3 9 .5

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
J

3 7 .0
1 .7 0 7

1 8 6 .5 0

n'-n

ft

W H U L Lb AL L

116

4 0 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .5

1H A U t

fo o tn o te s

159

'
t
n
Jo .0

1 0 9 .0 0

191
97
94
42

1 7 2 .0 0
167.

at en d o f t a b l e s .




'

.0

n

*

lt-4

nn

1 4 4 .0 0

3 9 .0

3
3
3
3

1 4 1 .0 0
1 3 4 .5 0
1 47 .00
1 8 9 .0 0

43
NC 1 A X
.

See

, r-r^r-

r
-

60
137

”” ”

1 8 3 .0 0

466
76

„

1 3 9 .0 0
1 4 8 .5 0
1 2 6 .5 0

1 7 7 . SO

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

1 6 5 .0 0
1 9 9 .0 0
1 4 1 .0 0

'
’Aft

1 7 9 .5 0

13/

1 2 1 .5 0

1 5 3 .0 0
1 5 9 .0 0

11

9
9
9
9

.0
.0
.5
.5

I.. A L C
/

50

Table A -3 .

Average w ee k ly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex.

in C levelan d, O hio, S ep tem b e r 1 9 7 6 — C ontinued
A vera ge
(m e a n 2 )

S ex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

O F F I C E OC C U PA TI ONS
WOMEN— C O N T I N U E D
' ' L T t UN v I I w ■ L •' n 1 U ■ — i
* }

UL A u u

Number
of
workers

W eek ly
hour* 1
(standard)

W eek ly
earnings *
(standard)

-

A vera ge
(m e a n 2 )

Sex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

P R O FE S S IO N A L
OCCUPA TIONS -

rt

573
307
65
61

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
38. j

790
27A
516
135
165

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

115

3 8 .0

1 6 8 .5 0
1 69 .50
1 6 7 .0 0
1 9 6 .0 0
1 6 9 .5 0

COMPUTER

Number
of

W eek ly
hours 1
(standard)

W eek ly
earnings 1
(standard)

(B U S IN E S S ).

$

W eek ly
earnings 1
(standard)

AND T E C H N I C A L
MEN — C O N T I N U E D

T E C H N I C I A N S — CONTINUED
$

P ROGR AMM ERS

CLASS

A-

183

TECHNICIANS,

CLASS

B-

285
230

2 0 9 .5 0
2 1 6 .5 0

E L E C T R O N IC S

3 8 .5

TECH N ICIANS,

E L E C T R O N IC S

257

COMPUTER

TECHNICIANS,

CLASS

C-

84

1 85 .50

4 0 .0

2 4 5 .5 0

2 6 8 .5 0

(B U S IN E S S ).
2 4 5 .0 0
206

M A NU FA C TU R I NG
N ON MA NUF AC TU RI NG
COMPUTER

OPERATORS,

CLASS

B --------------------

307

3 9 .0

WOMEN

1 5 6 .0 0
1 6 3 .0 0

COMPUTER

TECHNIC AL
- MEN

-

103*” 0

3 9 .0

OC C U PA TI O N S

2 1 3 .5 0

30*5
P R O F E S S I O N A L AND
OCCUPATIONS

E L E C T R O N IC S

Weekly
hours 1
standard)

E L E C T R O N IC S

I j G .O O

1 5 6 .5 0
1 6 4 .5 0
1 5 2 .5 0
2 0 2 .0 0
1 3 8 .5 0
1 2 7 .5 0
1 33 .00

S ex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

P R O F E S S IO N A L
OC CU PA TI ONS -

AND T E C H N I C A L
MEN— C O N T I N U E D

P ROGR AMM ERS

A verage
(m e a n 2 )
Number
of
workers

60

SYST EM S

ANALY STS
3 9 .0

39*0
C OMPUTE R

SYST EM S

C OMPUTE R

AN ALY STS
329

COMPUTER

3 8 .5
3 9 .5

3 7 8 .5 0
4 3 1 .5 0

39 0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

3 5 1 .5 0

150

SYST EM S

3 8 9 .0 0

136
55
COMPUTE R

3 9 .0

610

DRAFT ERS*

CLASS

B — — —

— —

P ROGR AMM ERS

—

3 9 .5
3 8 .5

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
‘ ♦ O .O

2 8 3 .5 0
■ ■ O G .O O

TECHNICIANS

—

—

330 00
323*00
3 3 9 .5 0

— —

w L AJ} j

PR OGR AM ME RS

(B U S IN E S S ),

PR OGR AMM ER S

(B U S IN E S S ).

3 0 1 .5 0

A

COMPUTER

2 6 3 .0 0
2 5 9 .0 0

2 2 6 .5 0
2 2 7 .5 0

‘ ‘ U G .O O

217

3 1 4 .0 0
3 4 4 .0 0
E L E C T R O N IC S

154
113

465
385
*

(B U S IN E S S ).

NONMANUF A C T U R I N G ---------------- — - - - - - - -

4 0 .0
40 «0

552

3 9 .5

2 1 8 .0 0

C OMPUTE R O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S
NONMANUFACTURING:

A:

1 8 3 .0 0
rtn r r . 4 T n n / -

^

^

^

115
92
167
146

See fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




—

ANALYSTs>

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

12

-w-»

„

2 5 6 .5 0

Table A -3 a . Average w e e k ly earnings of office, professional, and technical w orkers, by s e x large establishm ents in Cleveland, Ohio, Septem ber 1976
Sex, 5 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

OFFICE

OC C U PA TI ONS

-

Weekly
h«un 1
(standard]

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

MEN

M E S S E N G E R S -----------------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------ORDER C L E R K S -------M A N U FA C T UR I NG

108

64
26
60

S2

ACCOUNTING CLE R KS* C L A S S A
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------N O N MA N UF AC TU R I NG ---------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------

137

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
1 5 8 .5 0
1 5 6 .5 0
1 9 7 .5 0
2 3 7 .0 0
2 3 5 .0 0

82

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 4 4 .5 0
2 5 0 .0 0

5S
40

4 0 .0
M O .O

2 Jt>. 5 0
2 4 6 .5 0

Sex, 5 occu pa tion ,

and in dustry d iv ision

OCCU PA TI ONS

-

S E C R E T A R I E S -----------------------M A N U FA C T UR I NG ---------NON MA N UF AC TU R I NG PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S
WHOLESALE TRADE •
R E T A I L TR ADE -------F I N A N C E ---------------------

2*798
1 .7 7 1
1 ,0 2 7

174
78

164
S46

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0
“♦ 0 . 0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

2 0 1 .5 0
2 0 6 .5 0
1 9 2 .0 0
2 3 7 .0 0
2 1 0 .5 0
1 7 0 .0 0
1 8 2 .0 0

SE C R E T A R IE S, CLASS A
M A NU F A CT U RI N G -------------

197
169

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

2 5 6 .5 0
2 5 6 .5 0

S E C R E T A R IE S , CLASS 8
M A NU F A CT U RI N G -------------

637
385
252
42

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

2 2 6 .0 0
2 2 9 .5 0
2 2 1 .0 0
2 6 2 .5 0
1 8 1 .5 0
2 1 8 .0 0

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

1 9 2 .5 0
1 9 6 . 5u

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

1 87 .00
2 2 8 .0 0
1 9 2 .0 0
1 5 4 .5 0
1 7 9 .0 0

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .5

1 8 0 .0 0
1 8 7 .5 0
1 6 1 .0 0
1 5 1 .5 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 62 .50
1 8 1 .0 0
1 8 3 .0 0
2 0 4 .5 0

NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S •
R E T A I L TRADE ----------F I N A N C E -----------------------S E C R E T A R IE S , CLASS C
M A N U F A C TU R I NG ------------NON MA NU FA C TU RI N G
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S •
WHOLESALE TR ADE —
R E T A I L TR ADE ----------F I N A N C E ------------------------

69
111
1 ,2 3 9
697
542
99
57
64
293

708

SE C R E T A R IE S, CLASS 0
M A N U F A C TU R I NG ------------N ON MA NUE AC TUR IN G
F I N A N C E ------------------------

514
194
131

S T E N O G R A P H E R S . GENE RAL
M A N U F A C TU R I NG ------------N ON M A N U F A C T L R I NG —
PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S

437
194
243
153

S TE N O G R A PH E R S, SENIO R
M A N U F A C TU R I NG ----------NO NMANUFACTLRING:
F I N A N C E ---------------------

S ee fo o t n o t e s

4 0 .0

484
248

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 9 4 .0 0
1 9 0 .0 0

57

3 7 .5

1 5 7 .0 0

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

Sex, 3 o ccu pa tio n ,

and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

714
392
322
183

3 9 .0
•♦0.0
3 8 .5
3 8 .0

$
1 5 5 .5 0
1 5 3 .0 0
1 5 8 .5 0
1 4 5 .5 0

TYPISTS, CLASS 8 -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------- — -----NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------—
FINANCE ----------------------------------------------

670
293
377
156

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .0

1 4 6 .0 0
1 3 7 . 0'J
1 5 3 .5 0
1 2 5 .0 0

Number
of
workers

standard)

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND
OC C U PA TI ONS

TYPISTS, CLASS 4 -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------------- —
F 1NANCE ----------------------------------------------

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

^ 00 .50
3 9 9 .0 0
4 0 4 .5 0
4 3 6 .5 0

Weekly

TECH NICAL
- MEN

COMPUTER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) , C L A S S A -----------------------------------M A NU FA C TU R I NG ----------------------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI N G --------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

253
170
83
52

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

1 58 .50
1 5 4 .5 0

CLASS C -----------------------------

60

3 9 .5

1 2 0 .5 0

MESSENGERS -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------------------

124
70
54
42

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 5 3 .5 0
1 3 7 .5 0
1 7 4 .5 0

3 9 .5

1 8 9 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS --------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------- -------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------- —
PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------------------

233
114
119
42

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 6 9 .0 0
1 7 8 .5 0
1 6 0 .0 0
2 0 8 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

62

4 0 .0

177
162

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 5 7 .5 0
1 5 7 .0 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS, CLASS A ---------------MANUFACTURING ------------------ ---------- — —
NONMANUFACTURING ------------— -------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------------

726
428
298
57

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 9 7 .0 0
1 9 2 .5 0
2 0 3 .5 0
1 4 9 .5 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS, CLASS B ---------------MANUFACTURING------------------------- — ——
NONMANUFACTURING -----—
PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------------------RETAIL TRAOE -----------------------------------

689
346
343
120
182

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 6 2 .0 0
1 5 3 .5 0
1 7 0 .5 0
2 3 6 .0 0
1 3 1 .5 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
CLASS B -------------------------------------------------------

75

3 8 .5

261
175
86

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 8 6 .5 0
1 9 4 .5 0
1 7 0 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------------------

519
346
173
71

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 7 6 .5 0
1 7 9 .5 0
1 7 0 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING -------------- — ------ -----------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------- -------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------------------

160
234
59
65

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

3 3 7 .5 0
3 5 1 .5 0
3 2 5 .5 0
3 4 5 .5 0

COMPUTER P ROGR AMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L A S S A -------------------------------------------------------------------M A NU FA C TU R I NG ----------------------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI N G ---------------------------------------

215
125
90

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

3 3 9 .0 0
3 2 6 .0 0
3 5 7 .0 0

COMPUTER P ROGR AMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L A S S B -------------------------------------------------------------------M A N U FA C T UR I NG ----------------------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI N G --------------------------------------F I N A N C E ---------------------------------------------------------

300
120
180
51

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .0

2 8 4 .5 0
2 7 6 .0 0
2 9 0 .5 0
2 3 3 .0 0

COMPUTER P ROGR AMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) ,
C L A S S C --------------------------------------------------------------------

63

3 9 .0

2 5 6 .0 0

COMPUTER O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------- —
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------—

162
107
55

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

2 4 7 .5 0
2 4 5 .5 0
2 5 1 .0 0

COMPUTER O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S 8 -----------------M A N U FA C T UR I NG ----------------------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI N G ---------------------------------------

207
135
72

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

2 2 7 .0 0
2 4 3 .0 0
1 9 7 .5 0

COMPUTER O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S C -----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------- -- ------- —

107
68

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 6 7 .5 0
1 6 8 .5 0

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S A -------------------------------------------M A N U F A C TU R I NG -----------------------------------------------

270
265

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 8 2 .0 0
2 8 1 .5 0

172
144

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 3 9 .5 0
2 3 0 .5 0

D R A F T E R S , C L A S S C -------------------------------------------M A NU F A CT U RI N G -----------------------------------------------

95
85

< ♦0 . 0
4 0 .0

2 0 4 .0 0
2 0 1 .0 0

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S ---------------------------M A N U F A C TU R I NG -----------------------------------------------

150
147

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 5 3 .5 0
2 5 1 .5 0

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N I C I A N S . C L A S S B M A N U F A C TU R I NG -----------------------------------------------

85
85

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 5 5 .5 0
2 5 5 .5 0

1 3 9 .5 0

PAYROLL CLERKS -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------- -------- ------ -------NONMANUFACTURING — — — - — —

181
84,
97
52

1 6 2 .0 0

OROER CLERKS ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

COMPUTER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) , C L A S S B -----------------------------------M A NU F A CT U RI N G ----------------------------------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

, c l a s s B -------------------------------------------M A N U F A C TU R I NG -----------------------------------------------

148
125

d r a fte r s

at en d o f t a b le s .




W eekly

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

FILE CLERKS,

WOMEN

Number
of

(standard)

FILE CLERKS. I l ASS B ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------OFFICE

Average
(mean2 )

Average
(m ean2 )

Average
(mean2 )
Number
of
w orittn

13

394

3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

1 5 4 .5 0
1 6 6 .0 0
1 7 6 .5 0
1 5 8 .5 0
1 2 7 .5 0
1 3 5 .5 0

Table A -3 a . A verage w e e k ly earnings of office, professional, and technical w orkers, by s e x large estab lishm ents in C levelan d , O hio, S eptem ber 1976 — C ontinued
Average
(mean2 )

Average
(m ean2 )

Sex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

W eekly
h#urs 1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

P R O F E S S I O N A L ANO T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - WOMEN
COMPUTER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) , C L A S S B -----------------------------------NON MA N UF AC TU R I NG ---------------------------------—
COMPUTER P ROGR AMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) ,
C L A S S A --------------------------------------------------------------------

S e x, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

76
62

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

$
3 1 7 .0 0
3 2 1 .0 0

COMPUTER P ROGR AMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) *
C L A S S B -------------------------------------------------------------------N ON MA NUF AC TU RI NG --------------------------------------COMPUTER

53

3 8 .5

3 2 2 .5 0

OPERATORS,

CLASS

:
U T IL IT IE S

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings1
(standard)

106
71

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

$
2 7 6 .0 0
2 8 0 .0 0

26

3 9 .0

3 2 7 .0 0

n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

See f o otn ote s at end o f ta bl es .

14

S ex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - WOMEN— C O N T I N U E D

A!

---------------------------------

Average
(m ean2 )

Number

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - WOMEN— C O N T I N U E D

PUBLIC




Number
of
workers

t ) ------------------

63

3 8 .5

2 0 8 .0 0

R E G I S T E R E D I N D U S T R I A L N U R S E S --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------

COMPUTER

OPERATORS,

CLASS

152
132

<*0.0
< *0.0

2 5 5 .0 0
2 5 6 .5 0

Table A -4 .

Hourly earnings of m ainten a n c e , toolroom, and po w e rp la n t w orkers in Cleveland, Ohio, S ep tem b e r 1976
N um ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e h ou rly ea rn in gs of—

Hourly earnings

Occupation and industry division

workers

Mean 2 Median 2

Middle range 2

S
S
4. 40 4. 6 0

o
00
t* -j

S
1 ---- i
S
3.90 4. 00 4. 1 0 4. 2 0

Number

4. 10 4. 20 4. 40

4. 60

4. 80

o
©
in

4. 0 0

4
6.20

4
6.60

$
7.00

4
7.40

5 .20 5. 4 0 5. 6 0 5 .80 6. 0 0 6. 20

6.60

7.00

7.40

7.80 8.2n

36
36
*

44
14
30

38
38
-

19
19
-

2
2

2
2

1

*37
37

5. 40

S
7.80

4
i
$
$
8.20 8. 60 9. 00 9.40

%

9,80
and

t

and
under

S
1 ---- s
5 .60 5. 00 6.00

%
s
5 .00 5.20

8.60 ^,00 9. 40 9.80 ove r

ALL 'M k K E R S
0
JIM
212
102

1.32
6. 79
d. 4 3

f . 19
7.07
7.51

1.99- ^.85
5 . 9 9 - 7.82
5.98-10.62

-

-

*

11
9
2

-

1
1

-

19
19
-

4
4
*

4
2
2

9
8
1

33
12
21

2
2
-

32
29
3

20
20

E L E C T R I C I A N S -----------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N o ------------------

1.8B0
1,704
1 76

7.25
7.25
7.30

7. 66
7.70
7.66

6 . 3 2 - 8.02
6 . 3 2 - 8. 04
7. 1 6 - 7.66

*

“

*

3
3

7
6
1

2
2

42
42

37
29
8

28
28
*

109
108
1

34
34
*

73
73
*

55
54
1

145
125
20

106
104
2

146
137
11

28 5
166
119

679
676
3

14
14
-

43
41
2

51
48
3

17
17
-

2
2

M A I N T E N A N C E P A I N T E R S ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

207
1 JO
77

7.14
7.18
7.09

7. 14
7.40
6. 9 2

6 . 7 9 - 7.77
6 . 7 1 - 7.77
6 . 7 9 - 7.55

*

6
6

-

*

-

-

-

5
5

.
*

1
1
*

3
2
1

13
9
4

1
1
“

7
7
-

57
11
46

29
29
-

53
47
6

18
15
3

5
3
2

-

1
1

4
4

4
4

MAINTENANCE

689
666

6. 68
6. 68

7.00
7.00

5.905.87-

7.54
7.54

-

-

-

_

6
6

-

9
9

57
57

37
37

7
7

44
44

90
90

23
23

43
43

52
49

142
142

99
99

32
32

12
12

31
31

4
4

1
1

-

2,5<*7
2,155
392

7.25
7.32
6.87

7.57
7. 92
6.81

6 • 4 8 - 8•0^
6 . 4 0 - 8. 04
6 . 8 1 - 7.50

-

-

2
2
-

-

-

14
14

-

in
in
-

60
33
27

51
51
“

54
54
*

21
1
20

128
114
14

31
25
6

182
181
1

27 9
107
1 72

154
135
19

270
140
130

1004
1004
*

21
18
3

44
44
-

85
85
-

7
7
-

29
29
-

(MOTOR V E HI CL ES ) --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N u -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I F S ---------------w h o l e s a l e t h a d e — -------- ------

606
339
467
360
76

7.26
7.19
7.31
7.56
6.^0

7.36
7.81
7.36
7. 63
6.50

6 . 6 6 - 7.88
6 . 2 6 - 7.8H
6 . 9 5 - 7.91
7 . 2 0 - 7.91
4 . 9 7 - 7.27

-

-

*

—
*

7
3
4
4
-

-

30
30
30

-

*
-

-

35
35
*

42
42
*

3
3
*

35
9
26
16

106
36
70
64
5

149
27
122
108
14

73
4
69
42
7

255
160
95
91
4

3
3
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

68
17
51
51
-

M A I N T E N A N C E P I P E F I T T E R S ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

600
600

7.34
7.3 h

7.85
7. 85

6 . 8 7 - 7.86
6 . 8 7 - 7.86

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

21
21

“

2
2

19
19

13
13

5
5

40
40

72
72

77
77

64
64

333
333

26
26

_

*

6
6

-

-

-

-

s h e e t -m e t a l w o r k e r s —
ACTUHINC j ----------------------

202
152

7.18
7.06

7.85
7.88

5.677. 8 5 -

7.88
7.88

-

-

*

-

-

“

”

-

*

2
2

53
3

-

2
2

2
2

8
8

3
3

2
2

130
130

-

-

-

-

M I L L W R I G H T S ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

91 3
913

7.60
7.60

7.85
7.85

7. 6 2 7. 6 2 -

7.88
7.88

-

.

-

-

-

-

“
*

16
16

14
14

13
13

_

-

*

-

*

*

*

38
38

46
46

41
41

84
84

651
651

10
10

M A I N T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R S --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

360
360

6. 02
b. 0b

b. 28
6.30

5 . 5 0 - 6.72
5 . 5 2 - 6.72

4
9

9
9

*

6
6

2
-

19
19

12
2

28
28

5
5

29
29

24
24

24
20

22
18

53
63

92
92

39
39

4
4

1
1

M A C H I N E - T O O L O P E R A T O R S (T O U L h OUM) M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

698
64b

7.30
7.30

7.23
7.23

6 . 7 2 - 8.02
6 . 7 2 - 8.02

*

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

4
4

9
9

29
29

14
14

37
37

46
46

171
171

40
40

18
18

270
270

TOOL AN D DI E M A K E 4 S — ---------------MANijFACTUHING - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

i , 97 r
1.966

7.18
7.19

7.33
7.33

6 . 1 0 - 8. 15
6 . 0 9 - 8.15

-

-

“

_
“

-

-

“

8
8

“

*

8
8

149
149

346
346

166
166

213
204

116
lib

172
172

546
546

249
249

4
4

S T A T I C N A R T e n g i n e e r s ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

267
295

7.20
7.32

7.01
7.06

6 .75-

*

-

-

-

5

2

*

“

1
1

5

*

2
*

4

6.76-

7.85
7.85

7
7

35
31

65
b8

43
43

20
19

43
43

20
20

4
4

B O I L E R T E N D E R S ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

1 70
166

6. 06
6. 07

6 . 3 3

5.215.33-

7.04
7.04

-

-

-

16
16

12
12

-

-

*

-

-

36
36

-

-

48
48

4
4

16
16

-

30
30

-

at $ 1 1 . 4 0

to

$11.80;

--------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N Q N M A N U F A C T U R 1 N G ------------------

maintenance

carpenters

MAINTENANCE

m a c h i n i s t s -------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------

M A I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N I C S (MAC HI NE RT ) M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------maintenance

mechanics

maintenance

MA N J F

*

W orkers

See

*

1

were* d i s t r i b u t e d

footnotes

its f o l l o w s ;

20

6. 33

at $ 1 0 . 0 0

to

$11;

at $ 1 1 to $ 11. 4 0;

-

*

4

-

at end o f t a b l e s .




*

15

“

7

5

5 at $ 1 1 . 8 0

to $ 1 2 . 2 0 ;

*

4

i
i

and 6 at $ 1 2 . 2 0

to

$12.60.

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

_

-

1
1

25
25

34
34

1
1

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

8
8

-

-

-

_

-

Table A - 4 a .

Hourly earnings of m aintenance, toolroom , and pow e rpla nt w o rk e rs —large establishm ents

in C leveland, Ohio, S ep te m b e r 1976
N um be r o f w o r k e r s r e c e n

Hourly earmngs

O c c u p a tio n

and

in d u s tr y

4
5.00

d iv is io n
workers

M ean2

M edian 2

M iddle range 2

U nder

5 . 00

$
5.10

4
5.20

S
5.40

5
5.60

$
5 .80

$
6.00

$
6 .20

4
6.40

4
6 .60

S
6 .80

4
7 .00

7 .20

7 .40

4
7 .20

4
7.40

$
7.60

4
7.80

I
8.00

4
8 .40

4
8.80

_

and

4
9.20

4
4
9 .6010.00

_

under

5.10

5.20

5.40

5.60

5.80

6 .00

6.20

6 .40

6.60

6 .80

7 .00

-

4
4
-

-

2
2
-

1
1

21
21

2
2
-

5
5
-

18
15
3

15
15
-

2
2
-

22
22
-

14
14
-

12
12
-

11
11

12
12

21
20

22
22

28
28

19
18

39
31

18
18

33
32

58
57

96
95

30
30

1
1

_

-

l
l

2
2

11
7

1
1

6
6

1
1

6
6

1
-

28
28

5
5

15
15

2
2

38
38

23
23

22
22

-

-

*

4
4

48
45

3
2

19
19

4
4

38
38

1
1

49
48

10
10

45
45

21
20

67
67

1
1
-

8.00

8.40

8 .80

2
2
-

36
36
-

20
20

3
1
2

2
_

2

1

88
66

172
75

122
119

560

42
40

41
39

1
1

8
2

45
45

17
15

6

_

3

-

-

58
58

55
55

6
6

4^
49

21
21

17
17

35
35

17
10

58
58

89
73

186
79

52
41

270
270

740
737

20
20

59
23
36
35

34
5
29
29

73
19
54
54

<♦
8
8
40
<♦
0

23
3
20
-

1
1

159
159

-

-

c
4
1
1

41
17
24
24

53
53

20
20

21
21

43
43

332
332

27
27

_

_

-

7 •b0 7 . 8 0

9.6010.00

over

1

-

:37

_

_

_

-

37

28
27

11
11

2

5

I

3

4
4

2
2

1
1

-

105
105

26
?6

28
28

1
1
_

9.20

ALL WORKFRS
MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------

219
152
67

$
7.84
7.29
9.10

7.50
7.26
10.62

m a i n t e n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n s --------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------

1,456
1, JIM

7.65
f . 65

MAINTENANCE PAINTERS ----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

144
119

MACHINISTS ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

$
$
6 .6 4 - 8.22
6 .7 1 - 7.85
5 •9 8 - 10 •9**

-

7.91
8.02

7.2 3 7 .1 7 -

8.14
8.14

2
2

1
1

7.45
7.29

7.77
7.7 7

7.137.10-

7.77
7.77

-

_

-

-

405
402

7.13
7.13

7.02
7.02

6.3 7 6.3 7 -

7.71
7.71

-

-

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY) MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

1.851
1.704

7.73
7.76

7.98
8.02

7.507.51-

8.04
8.04

2
2

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR VEHICLES) -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------------------

462
252
210
183

7.48
7.65
7.27
7.28

7.37
7.85
7.20
7.20

7.177.296 .9 5 6.9 5 -

7.88
7.88
7.36
7.36

MAINTENANCE PIPEFITTERS ----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

639
639

7.42
7.42

7.85
7.85

7.0 7 7.0 7 -

7.88
7.88

MAINTENANCE SHEET-METAL WORKERS ----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

198
148

7.18
7.70

7.85
7.88

5.6 7 7.85-

7.88
7.88

-

MILLWRIGHTS -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

883
883

7.65
7.65

7.85
7.85

7 .6 2 - 7.88
7 .62— 7.88

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS (TOOLROOM) MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

553
553

7.56
7.56

7.98
7.98

6.9 2 6.9 2 -

8.02
8.02

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

1.292
1.283

7.66
7.67

8.14
8.14

7.337.33-

8.15
8.15

-

STATIONARY ENGINEERS ----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

210
191

7.39
7.52

7.32
7.57

6.7 8 6.8 3 -

7.94
7.96

4

BOILER TENDERS -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

106
106

b . 78
6.78

6.57
6.57

6.326 .3 2 -

7.88
7.88

-

maintenanc e

W o r k e r s w e r e d is trib u te d as fo llo w s :

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14
9
5
-

2
2

4
4

8
8

_

-

2
2

19
19

13
13

-

33
33

2
2

34
34

26
26

-

•

.

S3
3

.

2
2

1
1

1
1

2
2

4
4

*

3
3

-

-

130
130

5
5

24
24

12
12

33
33

9
9

17
17

24
24

29
29

55
55

64?
642

19
19

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

_

_
-

-

"

-

-

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

*

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

14
14

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

1
1

11
11

14
14

12
12

18
18

4
4

15
15

90
90

39
39

1
1

12
12

6
6

124
124

164
164

34
34

7
7

i
i

-

-

-

8
8

_

-

8
8

68
68

16
16

29
29

43
43

7
7

77
68

37
37

44
44

116
116

56
56

40
40

73?
73?

8
8

3
3

-

-

-

1
1

5
4

7
7

15
15

8
4

18
16

18
13

13
13

21
21

14
13

6
6

38
38

9
9

20
20

-

3
3

-

1
1

_

-

22
22

16
16

4
4

-

12
12

4
4

-

-

30
30

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

1
-

-

5
5

i

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
12

-

-

20 at $ 1 0 .4 0 to $ 1 0 .8 0 ; 6 at $ 1 1 .2 0 to $ 1 1 .6 0 ; and 11 at $ 1 2 to $ 1 2 .4 0 .

See fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




-

16

_

8
6

.
-

-

Table A -5 .

Hourly earnings of m aterial m ovem ent and custodial w orkers in Cleveland, Ohio, S eptem be r 1976
N u m ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e h o u rly e a rn in g s of—

Hourly

3 ------1 ------- ------- s
1 ------- 4
$
2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20

Num
ber
O c c u p a tio n

and

in d u s t r y

d iv is io n

w
orkers

Mean2 Median2

M
iddle range 2

$
3.40

$
3.60

$

3.80

S
3
4.00 4.40

S
4.80

3
>
5.20

6.00

$
6.40

$
6.80

S
7.20

$
7.60

$
8.00

8.40

3.80

4.00

4.40

4.80

5.20

5 . 6 0 . 0.QQ- 6 , 4 0

6.80

7.20

7.60

a.QQ 8 . 4 0

ov er

8
8
•

34
34
*
•

102
49
53
41
*

58
58
*

164
60
104
1
100
•

140
38
102
35
07
-

67
55
12
4
4

527
100
427
32
271
*

644
147
497
373
123

240
107
133
1
100
32

$
5.60

S

and
under

and

2.30

2.40

2.50

2.60

2.80

-

-

-

-

-

.
-

•
-

3.00

3.20

3.40

3.60

ALL WORKERS

TRUCKORIVERS ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------

3,7 3 5
766
2,969
1,380
1,044
385

$
6.81
6.11
6.99
7.79
6.10
7.10

$
6.88
6.32
7.21
7.91
6.20
7.21

$
$
6 .2 0 - 7.86
5 . 1 3 - 6.81
6 . 2 8 - 7.91
7 . 0 6 - 7.91
6 .2 0 - 6.59
6 . 7 0 - 7.44

*

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT TRUCK —
MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

354
177
177

5.45
5.73
5.18

5.53
5.83
5.47

4.7 2 5.0 9 4 .1 0 -

6.59
6.66
6.59

•
-

TRUCKORIVERS, MEOIUM TRUCK •
MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------

1,118
232
886
122

6.66
6.06
6.82
6.86

6.59
6.12
6.59
6.67

6 .4 2 4.5 6 6.5 0 6 .6 7 -

7.86
6.95
7.86
6.88

_
-

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY TRUCK
(TRAILER) ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

1,388
231
1,157

7.60
6.76
7.77

7.91
6.68
7.91

7 .4 4 6 .5 0 7 .8 1 -

7.91
7.46
7.91

*

-

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY TRUCK
(OTHER THAN TRAILER) ----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------

507
96

6 . 16
5.52

6.20
6.32

6 .2 0 4 .6 4 -

6.32
6.32

-

SHIPPING CLERKS --------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------

280
204
76
56

5.28
5.43
4.87
4.54

5.11
5.29
4.50
4.43

4 .5 0 4 .6 7 4 .2 8 4 .2 8 -

6.29
6.30
5.29
4.50

-

RECEIVING CLERKS ------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------RETAIL TRAOE -----------------------

459
269
190
93
63

5.21
5.48
4.82
4.50
5.54

5.11
5.52
4.43
4.25
5.80

4 .2 8 4 .7 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4.5 0 -

6.15
6.15
5.44
4.95
6.94

2
2
2

-

7
7
7
*

15
7
8
*

28
28

7
7

15
7
8

14
14

8
8

*

20
3
17

19
19
~

33
29
4

59
14
45

39
35
4

24
12
12

105
54
51

4
4
*

*

*

«
•
*

14

_
-

3
3
“
—

64
45
19
*

14
14

24
24
-

9
6
3

18
17
1
*

134
13
121

421
6
415
77

93
62
31
30

9
9
*

*

9
9
*

2
2
*

7
7

-

19
18
1

108
77
31

46
41
5

16
16

*

4
~

3
”

350
57

*

•
-

7
7
-

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS
MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------

365
217
148
102

5.19
5.13
5.27
4.76

5.09
5.09
5.47
4.71

4 .2 0 4 .2 0 3.9 5 3.7 5 -

5.77
5.65
6.60
5.47

WAREHOUSEMEN ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------—
NONMANUFACTURING ------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------

1,161
553
608
317
155

5.12
4.50
5.69
5.38
4.95

4.66
4.10
6.04
5.29
4.50

4 .0 0 3.6 5 4 .6 6 4 .6 6 4 .5 0 -

6.20
5.27
6.67
6.20
6.60

*

ORDER FILLERS -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------

2,116
953
1,183
920

4.97
5.14
4.83
4.31

4.66
4.81
4.51
4.51

4 .1 9 4 .2 0 3.7 5 3.5 4 -

5.91
5.91
6.28
4.66

-

-

-

28
*

-

-

.
-

-

_
"

~

-

*
*

*

*

*

.

.

-

-

-

-

*

*

*

*

*

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

“

-

-

-

_
-

-

_
-

.
-

1
1
1

1
1
1

8
8
-

-

2
2
2

11
1
10
1

-

_
-

_
-

.
-

“

10
10
10

12
12
12

.
-

*

3
3
3

3
3
3

6

6
6
6

10

46
46
46

*
.

•
*

-

-

*
-

-

-

10
10

See f o otn ote s at end of tables.




7
7
7
*

17

14

*
*

—

289 1338
19
57
232 1319
- 1275
16
30
14
216

37
5
32
32
*

30
30
*

_
-

.
*

*

13
12
1
1

287
6
281
14

4
4
*

20
20
*

260
45
215

886
13
873

32
32

10
10
•

*

9
*

1
1

•

22
22

17

7

1
1
*

46
30
16
16

76
53
23
20

20
13
7
5

30
26
4
i

9
2
7
7

39
36
3
*

47
40
7
-

3
2
1
*

2
2
*

.
-

*

7
7

*

17
7
10
10
“

13
2
11
9
2

63
20
43
40
3

79
53
26
10
13

53
29
24
17
4

51
96
5
2

25
20
5
1
1

31
31
-

57
54
3
-

42
4
38
6
31

3
2
1
-

12
12
*

-

30
4
26
26

2
2

53
44
9
2

34
14
20
18

44
40
4
“

67
35
32
32

27
26
1
1

20
20
-

19
8
11
10

14
7
7
3

6
6
*

8
«
8
6
2

3
“
3
3

216
216
”

30
30
*

116
96
20
19
1

198
12
186
108
78

49
47
2
2

67
24
43
41
2

86
81
5
4

179
40
139
tO 6
•6

48
7
41
39

90
“
90
90

43
4
39
39

56
7
49
49

162
102
60
60

74
57
17
17

234
141
93
93

552
157
395
395

129
105
24
24

28
27
1
-

181
142
39
38

33
10
23

116
116

-

-

85

•

“

_
-

•
-

•
-

-

33
7
26
-

-

-

-

45
«
45
20
3

8
a
8
-

84
84
-

*

-

282
24
258
46

51
45
6

19
12
7
7

•

-

-

-

-

-

•

4
4

Table A - 5 .

Hourly earnings of m a te ria l m ovem ent and custodial w orkers in Cleveland, Ohio, S e p te m b e r 1 9 7 6 — Continued
Hourly earnings

4

Nu mb er of w o r k e r s r e c e iv i n g s t r a ig h t- t i m e ho url y ea rni ngs of---2.30

4
2.50

S
2 .6 0

S
2 .80

$
3.00

2.30

Occupation and industry d iv is io n

S
2.40

2.40

2.50

2.60

2.80

3 .00

-

5
5
-

6
2
4
-

7
7
-

12
12
-

-

8
8
8

3
2
1
1

11
3
8
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

S
2.20

t,
ot
workers

M ean2

M e d ia n 2

M iddle range 2

S

$
6.80

t
7 .20

1
7.60

3 -----S
8.00 8.40

6.80

7.20

7.6?

8.00

8.40

41
41
-

134
134

17
17
-

6
6
-

2
2
-

•
•
-

-

-

-

-

-

•
-

249
206
43
24
19

266
76
190
150
40

688
577
111
14
97

237
107
130

13
7
6
6

39
1
38
1

7
7

5
5
-

287
239
48
48

156
109
47
47

1026
1025
1

26
23
3

6
6
-

-

-

-

198
40
158
10

-

-

-

-

30
15

23
23

42
42

131
131

12
12

22
22

9
9

4
4

S
3.20

$
3.40

%

3 .60

S
3.80

t
4.00

S
4.40

t
4.80

S
5.20

$
5.60

3.20

3.40

3.60

3 .80

4.00

4.40

4.80

5.20

5.60

6.00

6.40

40
18
22
20

33
21
14
10

30
29
1
-

43
9
34
31

72
60
12
12

127
87
40
40

89
68
21
21

438
304
134
134

305
282
23
23

392
314
78
78

76
65
11
11

18
2
16
16

37
10
27
20
7

29
11
18
10
8

11
6
5

32
10
22
20

28
25
3
1
2

15
12
3
«
1

342
212
130
120
4

620
296
324
235
12

158
85
73
60
4

213
179
34
24
1

-

.

-

19
19

30
30

-

-

125
117
8

*

6

120
107
13
5

114
112
2

*

268
258
10
6

10
10

and
under

'

'

$
6.00

$
6.40

and

*

“

ov er

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
SHIPPING PACKERS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------

1.877
1,459
A1 8
J80

$
4.82
4.97
4.30
4.46

$
4.80
4.90
4.61
4.61

$
$
4 .4 3 - 5.40
4 .4 3 - 5.40
3 .7 5 - 5.13
3 .9 5 - 5.13

---------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------w h ol es a le t r a de ----------------------------r e t a i l t r a oe ------------------------------------

3,029
1,839
1,190
678
368

5.47
5.58
5.30
4.88
5.99

5.46
5.77
4.86
4.51
6.76

4 .5 1 4.5 8 4.5 1 4 .2 0 5.8 3 -

6.57
6.57
6.29
5.65
6.85

f o r k l i f t o p e r a t o r s ---------------------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

2,409
2,119
290
122

5.99
5.94
6.34
5.84

6.49
6.49
6.85
5.83

5.4 3 5.0 5 5.0 0 5.8 0 -

6.61
6.61
6.90
6.00

POWER-TRUCK OPERATORS (OTHER
THAN FORKLIFT) ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------------

329
314

6.72
6.78

6.50
6.50

6.1 2 6.2 6 -

7.11
7.27

GUAR0S AND WATCHMEN -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------------------------------------

3,573
739
2,834
218

3.27
5.80
2.61
4.44

2.40
5.93
2.35
4.39

2.3 5 2.3 4 3.7 1 -

3.89
6«66
2.50
5.14

-

641

5.92

6.37

5.3 4 -

6.73

*

-----------------------------------------------------

98

4.99

4.82

4 .8 1 -

5.49

*

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------------------------FINANCE ---------------------------------------------------------------SERVICES --------------------------------------------

5,403
1,844
3,559
142
154
306
1,015
1,942

4.00
5.08
3.45
5.13
4.10
3.09
3.42
3.34

3.47
4.95
3.37
4 . 39
3.85
2.80
3.47
3.37

3 .3 6 - 4.51
4 .2 0 - 6.29
3 .2 8 - 3.47
4 .3 9 - 5.38
3 .4 9 - 4.92
2 .4 5 - 3.14
3 . 2 5 - 3.47
3 .3 6 - 3.37

33

material

ha ndl ing

laborers

NONMANUFACTURING
w h o l es a l e

t ra oe

guards:
manu fac tur ing

-------------------------------------------

------------------------------------------- ---------

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

1513

553

172

1513

172

7
7

-

-

-

*

-

-

236
236

42
3
39

41
4
37

*

“

78

68
1
67

46
4
42

-

-

-

*

*

*

13
2
11
5

52

26
1
25
16

88

86

54
34
23

48
38
30

105
79
26
25

132
92
40
40

92
73
19
8

54
48
6
5

251
251

44
36

1

7

1

42

41

45

56

67

48

251

*

*

"

3

3

9

1

*

8

WATCHMEN:
manu fac tur ing

#

W orkers

w ere

Se e f o o t n o t e s

distributed

as fo llo w s :

41 at $ 8 . 4 0

to $ 8 . 8 0 ;

*

-

-

33

78

-

-

-

1 at $ 8 . 8 0

57

32

-

-

21

35

to $ 9 . 2 0 ;

-

“

21
19
2

17
31
8
6

7
32
26

an d 4 at $ 9 . 2 0

at end o f t a b l e s .




~

72
7
65

-

3
24
6

*

75
13
62

18

259 1824
14
30
245 1794
-

-

10
54
10
38
327
153 1447

to $ 9 . 6 0 .

-

50
9
41
30

*

*

*

“

-

553

*

-

-

“

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

642
48
594
2
17
10
373
192

114
57
57
13

6
18
20

12

7

34

36

6

~

293
106
187
5
21
3
105

461
282
179

221
199
22

176
138
38
21
15
2

215
205
10
1

417
410
7
7

53

6

281
240
41
1
31
4
5

*

79
14
22
58

-

7
14
1

-

-

130

-

-

-

-

12
12

15
15

*

46
46

67
67

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

67

-

-

-

72
64
8
4

26
18
8

30

-

8

_
-

-

-

22
22

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

9

-

-

-

-

-

4

8

-

-

-

-

-

•

Table A -5 a .

Hourly earnings of m a te ria l m ovem ent and custodial w o rk e rs —large establishm ents

in C levelan d, O hio, S ep tem b e r 1976
Hourly ea Tiings

4

N um be r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv i n g s t r a ig h t - t i m e ho ur ly earnings o f --5
2.60

$
2.80

I
3.00

S
3.20

%

2.40

$
2.50

3.40

3
3.60

$
3.80

$
4.00

$
4.40

4.80

S
5 .20

S
5.60

s
6.00

5
$
6«40 6 .8 0

$
7.20

$
1 ------- $
7.60 8.00 8.40

2.40

2.50

2.60

2.80

3.00

3.20

3.40

3.60

3.80

4.00

4.40

4.80

5.20

5 •6Q 6 . 0 0

6.40

c
0
0
v
C

7.20

7.60

8,00

8.40

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

5
5
-

12
12

14
10
4

41
5
36
-

32
20
12
*

131
86
45
*

208
91
117
116

111
75
36
32

261
45
216
216

375
8
367
14

33
1
32
*

-

2.30

O c c u p a t io n a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n
workers

ALL

S
2.30

-

$
2.20
M ean 2

M e d ian 2

M iddle range

2

S

and
unde r

TRUCKDRIVERS.

LIG H T

TRUCK

------------------

1,233
368
865
378

$
7.12
6.62
7.33
7.11

7.21
6.66
7.50
7.21

$
$
6 .6 6 - 7.86
6 .3 2 - 6.85
6 . 8 6 - 7.86
6 . 7 0 - 7.4*,

124

6.39

6.66

6.2 3 -

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

3

19

24

70

4

-

-

-

7.86
6.88

-

-

•

.

-

•
“

_

.

-

*

-

4
4

3
3

3
3

3
2

6
5

18
9

72
2

69
38

1
*

287
6

_

-

*

•

-

-

-

-

-

70

30

1

14

-

-

_

-

_

-

“

9
8
1

56
25
31

38
33
5

260
45
215

85
2
83

32

-

32

10
10
•

7.35
6.41

7.86
6.81

115

6.87

6.67

6 .6 7 -

6.88

-

-

-

-

-

-

501
134
367

7.37
7.04
7.49

7.44
6.80
7.44

7.216.567 .2 1 -

7.86
7.46
7.96

-

-

•
-

-

-

-

---------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------- -------

99
86

6.04
0.18

6.29
6.57

5.4 0 6.0 0 -

6.65
6.65

-

_

-

_

.

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

“

-

*

R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S ----------------------------------------------M A N U FA C T UR I NG ----------------------------------------------N ON MA NUF AC TU RI NG ----------------------- -- ------------R E T A I L T RAD E --------------------------------------------

194
127
67
63

5.78
5.92
5.52
5.54

6.15
6.15
5.40
5.80

4.9 5 5.1 5 4 .5 0 4 .5 0 -

6.69
6.65
6.94
6.94

2
2
2

-

1
1
1

1
1
1

-

2

2
1
1
1

.

-

.

-

-

*

T R U C K D R I V E R S . HE AVY TRUCK
( T R A I L E R ) --------------------------------------------------------M A NU F A CT U RI N G ----------------------------------------- —
NON MA N UF AC TU R I NG --------------------------------------CLERKS

m an u fa c tu r in g

6.8 1 6.0 0 -

*

-

“

-

-

*

2
2

-

_

-

*

*

*

*
-

-

S H I P P I N G AND R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S -----------M A N U F A C TU R I NG -----------------------------------------------

129
91

5.86
5.28

6.12
5.62

4 .8 0 4.2 0 -

6.95
6.15

WAREHOUSEMEN --------------------------------------------------------M A N U FA C T UR I NG ----------------------------------------------n on m a n u f ac t u r in g
--------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------R E T A I L TR ADE --------------------------------------------

368
152
216
51
148

5.47
5.53
5.43
6.53
5.07

5.68
5.82
5.29
6.07
4.50

4.5 0 4 .9 1 4.5 0 6.044.5 0 -

6.34
6.32
6.66
7.10
6.60

-

5
5
5

-

-

3
3
3

3
3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
12

4
2
2

4

*

ORDER F I L L E R S ------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C TU R I NG --------------------------------- ------------NON MA N UF AC TU R I NG ---------------------------------------

1,049
680
369

5.66
5.15
6.60

5.80
4.75
6.85

4.6 0 4 .0 0 6.2 8 -

6.85
6.48
6.90

S H I P P I N G P A C K E R S ---------------------------------------------M A N U FA C T UR I NG ----------------------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI N G ---------------------------------------

589
500
89

5.39
5.62
4.09

5.30
5.30
4.60

5.0 0 5.0 0 2 .7 1 -

6.50
6.50
5.13

.
*

M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G L A B O R E R S -------------------M A N U F A C TU R I NG ----------------------------------------------N O N MA N UF AC TU R I NG --------------------------------------R E T A I L T RA DE --------------------------------------------

1,483
1,078
405
347

6.10
6.11
6.06
6.18

6.45
6.45
6.69
6.76

5.7 7 5 .7 9 5 .6 5 6.2 9 -

6.57
6.57
6.85
6.85

F O R K L I F T O P E R A T O R S ----------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------------N O N MA N UF AC TU R I NG ---------------------------------------

1,701
1,495
206

6.39
6.36
6.55

6.61
6.57
6.89

6 .3 6 6 .3 9 5 .8 0 -

POWER-TRUCK OPERATO RS (OTHER
THAN F O R K L I F T ) ------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C TU R I NG -----------------------------------------------

279
264

6.84
6.92

6.50
6.50

6.5 0 6.5 0 -

-

“
.

9

6
2

-

5

4

7

1
1
1

3

9

10

2
1
1

3
6
6

14
2
12
12

10

*

3
7

4
6
6

-

.

.

-

_

_

-

~

*

“

“

5

-

•

6.61
6.61
6.90

7

7

5

7.11
7.42

W ork ers w ere

d is trib u te d

as f o l l o w s :

41

at $ 8 . 4 0

to

$ 8 .8 0 ;

1 at $ 8 . 8 0

to

$ 9 .2 0 ;

*

and 4 a t $ 9 . 2 0

at en d o f t a b l e s .




-

-

-

-

*

-

9
9
“

2
2
*

-

*
_

-

1

1
“

-

-

10
7

9
5

8
7

3
2

21
21

41
40

3
2

2
2

6
3
3
3

28
15
13
13

19
12
7
4

15
13
2
2

10
8
2
1

17
17

54
54

31

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

31
31

-

-

-

-

-

-

26

-

-

•

*

*

4
2
2
2

-

-

-

“

“

*

2
2
2

-

-

8
8
-

4
4

4
4
•

4
4

-

*
-

_

-

-

-

24
24

1
1

13
13

2
2

20
19

13
13

12
8

14
7

81
3
78
78

33
31
2
2

31
12
19
2

52
47
5
1
4

67
35
32
26
6

48
7
41
2
39

25
25
22
3

-

-

-

*

•

-

•

-

*

*

-

_
-

*

_
•

19

to

3
2
1

“

102
102
*

57
57
*

63
63
*

130
119
11

115
91
24

3
2
1

74
35
39

27
4
23

116
116
-

282
24
258

49
43

19
12

-

6

7

*

4
4
•

4

-

*

2
2

6

4
2

47
33
14

159
136
23

88
87
1

55

i

44
11

31
31
-

130
130
-

17
17
-

2
2
-

2
2
-

.
-

-

45
43
2
2

58
27
31
12

47
40

209
166
43
19

116
76
40
40

674
577
97
97

173
43
130
130

13

4
1

7
7

5
5

3

4

67
57
10
1

*

*

33
33
*

59
59

44
31
13

87
87
“

123
82
41

82 1026
82 1025
1
*

188
40
148

26
23

6
6

“

12
12
—

15
15

3

16
1

23
23

12
12

10
10

9
9

4
4

3

1
1

3
*

2
1
1
*

5
1
1

-

-

-

-

7
6

*

$ 9 .6 0 .

*

10
9
1
1

6
6

-

S ee fo o tn o te s

10
10
-

6.66

466
72

T R U C K D R I V E R S . MEDIUM TRUCK --------------M A N U F A C TU R I NG ----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING:
R E T A I L T RA DE --------------------------------------------

*

ov er

WORKERS

T R U C K D R I V E R S --------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------- ---------- ------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------- --------R E T A I L T RA D E --------------------------------------------

SHIPRING

i

3

'

'

6

7

22
22

131
131

-

7

6
6

1

*46
46

T ab le A -5 a .

Hourly earnings of m a te ria l m ovem ent and custodial w o rk e rs —large establishm ents

in C levelan d , O hio, S ep tem b e r 197 6 — C ontinued
Hourly cannings 4

N um ber o f w ork ers

$
3.00

S

2.60

$
2.80

and

in d u s tr y

d iv is io n

of

workers

2.60

2.80

3.00

70
-

57
-

S

$

s

2.40

2.50

2.30

O c c u p a tio n

$
2.30

2.40

2.50

-

341

-

-

128
-

S
2.20

i

r

Mean 2

M edian 2

M id d le range 2

r e c e iv in g

s tr a ig h t-tim e

h o u r ly

e a r n in g s

o f -----

4.80

4
5.20

4
5.60

4
6.00

4
6.40

4
6.80

4
7.20

4
~ r~
7.60 8 .0 0

8.40

5.20

5.60

6.00

6.40

6.80

7.20

7.60

8.00

8.40

over

66

68

65
46

45
39

227
227

67
67

-

-

42

115
75

-

33

-

-

25

40

-

*

-

.
-

-

•
-

3.20

4
3.40

4
3.60

4
3.80

4
4.00

4
4.40

3.20

3.40

3.60

3.80

4.00

4.40

4.80

39

14

4

11
-

9
2

24

3

47
18

$

4

and
under

A LL WORKERS—
C O N T IN U E D
GUAR DS AND WATCHMEN ------------------------------------------M A N U F A C TU R I NG ----------------------------------------------------

1.414
562

$

4.19
6.01

$

$

$

3.90
6.47

2.4 3 5 .4 9 -

5.91
6.73

5

21
1

11

11

-

NONMANUFACTURING:

1
GU AR DS :
M A N U F A C TU R I NG

• J

•o

--------------------------------------

507

6.09

6.58

5.4 9 -

6.73

J A N I T O R S . P O R T E R S . AND C L E A N E R S -----M A N U F A C TU R I NG -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING:
R E T A I L T RA DE ------------------------------------

2,6 1 0
1,314

4.51
5.41

4.32
5.66

3 .3 7 -

5 .6 8

3

4 .8 0 -

6.29

243

3.14

2.85

2.5 0 -

3.25

See fo o tn o te s

-

33

-

22
-

1

3

22

32

-

3

3

-

1

4

1

18

33

32

39

40

39

227

67

36

153

500

3

7

7

157
13

73
29

101
25

300
154

98
76

221
211

107

4

37
6

20 5
195

414
410

69
64

26
18

21

31

32

40

10

10

6

3

8

7

4

2

4

8

25

at e n d o f t a b l e s .




20

83

30
8

T ab le A -6 . A verage hourly earnings of m a in ten an ce, to o lro o m , p o w e rp la n t, m a te ria l m o v em e n t.
and custodial w o rk e rs , by sex, in C levelan d, Ohio, S e p te m b e r 1976
N um ber

Sex,

3

o c c u p a t i o n , a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

of
w orkers

A vera ge
(m ea n 2 )
h o u r ly

N um ber

S e x , 3 o c c u p a t i o n , a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

of
w o rk e rs

( m ean2 )
h o u rly

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AMD CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED
3 1A
212
102

$
7.32
6.79
8.43

—

—

- ------------

non manufacturing
mainten anc e

painters

------------ ---------------------------------

MANUFACTURING

h o u rly
e a r n in g s 4

$
TRUCKDRIVERS -

CONTINUED

1 U K i\ L I T 1

L ''A

1 v 'l

$
5.73

1.861
1,685
176

7.30

1,101
229

6.64
6.05

206
129

7.14
7.18
7.09

122

6.86

6.68
6.68

WHOLESALE TRADE

7.24

689
686

e le ctr ic ian s

A vera ge
( m ean2 )

of
w o rk e rs

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

177
maintena nce

N um ber

S e x , 3 o c c u p a t i o n , a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

e a r n in g s 4

e a r n in g s 4

MAINTENANCE, t o o l r o o m , and
POWERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - M
EN

A v era g e

POWER-TRUCK OPERATORS

(OTHER
6.78
-*

1,388

-in

*

1,157
(MACHlNtRY)

-

2,528

7.25

392

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS

6.87

(1

TRUCKDRIVERS,

h

I,

r

v 1 0 , >x 1 , 0

HEAVY TRUCK
w at chme n :

90
MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
JANITORS,
332
467
360
76

7ll7
7.31
7.56
6.20

50

PORTERS,

AND CLEANERS

---------

2,8 8 9
1,551
1,338

*

439
677
677
202
1 be.

7.18

894
094

7.59
7.5?

Jb

o . 0o

1,023

7.30
7.30

509
260
117

1,953

7.18

262
240

7.19
7.31

1,361
559
802
559

5.29
5.56
5.10
4.34

170
168

MAINTENANCE SHEET-METAL WORRl RS ------

7.34
7.34

6.06
6.07

1,205
1,023

5.06
5.20

31*"
179

. ,

T. . . . .

..

r- . ^

(TOOLROOM)

, r- r- r-. ^

1“ AUt

-

5.91
5 .5 m
5.20

WHOLESALE TRADE "
1Tr%_

T

4 . J1 JANITORS, PORTERS,
3,718
763
2,955
1,366
1,044

6.80
6.11
6.98
7.79
6.10

2,871
1,716
1,155
651

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




if Tnrv T . .

W EN
OM

' 9

MATERIAL MOVEMENT ANL) CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - M
EN

WnULLj ALl

.., >

OCCUPATIONS 4.90

t ... _ I-.. . . w r* T „ , ^ r r
-*
r -,t
-,r-1
MAINTENANCE TRADt j M L^LR^
l

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS

. .r*. . , r-

''O

21

5.50
5.60
5.34
4.92
6.01

202

.
AND CLEANERS -----

_

0 /. 00
3.39
99
3.39
1,177

T a b le A -6 a . A verage hourly earnings of m ain ten an ce, to o lro o m , p o w e rp la n t, m a te ria l m ovem ent
and custodial w orkers, by sex—large establishm ents in C levelan d, O hio, S ep tem b e r 1976
N um ber

S ex ,

3

o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

of
w orkers

A vera ge
(m e a n 2 )
h o u r ly

N um ber

Sex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

of
w o ik e r s

(m e a n 2 )
h o u r ly

MAINTENANCE c a r p e n t e r s --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------

219
152
67

MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIANS --------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------------------

1 *437
1,295

MAINTENANCE PAINTERS ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------- ----------------------------- ------------

143
118

7.46
7.29

m a c h i n i s t s ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

405
402

7.13
7.13

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY) MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

1,832
1 , 66S

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR VEHICLES) -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------------------------------------

455
245
210
183

7 . 8 4 TRUCKORIVERS ---------------------------------------------7.29
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------9.10
NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------------7 . 64
7.65
TRUCKORIVERS, LIGHT TRUCK --------------

7.73
7.75

(m e a n 2

of
w o ik e r s

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM TRUCK -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUF ACTURING:
RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------------TRUCKORIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK
(TRAILER) ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------- --------—
NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

)

h o u rly
e a r n in g s 4

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - M
EN

MAINTENANCE, TOOLROOM, AND
POWERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - MEN

N um ber

S ex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv is io n

e a r n in g s 4

e a r n in g s 4

maintena nce

A v era g e

1,21b
365
851
378

$
7.11
6.62
7.32
7.11

124

6.39

449
69

7.34
6.40

115

6.87

501
134
367

MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS ---------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------

1,404
1,003
401
347

$
6.12
6.14
6.07
6.18

FORKLIFT OPERATORS --------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

1,663
1,458
205

6.39
6.36
6.5b

POWER-TRUCK OPERATORS (OTHER
THAN FORKLIFT) ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

279
264

6.84
6.92

1,331
530

4.20
5.99

142

4.84

--------- ------------- ------------------------------------

636
636

7 . 4 7 SHIPPING CLERKS ---------------------------------------7.64
m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------7.27
7 . 2 8 RECEIVING CLERKS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------7.42
NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------7.42
RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------------

MAINTENANCE SHEET-METAL WORKERS --------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------------------

198
148

7 . 1 8 SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS ---------7.70
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

103
65

7 . 3 7 GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ------------------------------7.04
MANUFACTURING ---------------- --------------------7.49
NONMANUFACTURINGS
FINANCE ---------------------------------------------6.11
6.29
GUARDS:
m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------5.83
6 . 0 1 UANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS -----5.52
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------5.54
NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------------------6.03
RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------------5.31

MILLWRIGHTS ---------------------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------------------

864
864

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS (TOOLROOM) MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------------—

541
541

7 . 6 5 WAREHOUSEMEN--------------------------------- -------- —
7.65
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------7.57
PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------------------7.57
RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------------

313
140
173
47
110

5.65
MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
5.62
OCCUPATIONS - W EN
OM
5.68
6.49
5 . 3 9 WAREHOUSEMEN ----------------------------------------------

55

4.47

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------------------

1,277
1,268

626
296
330

6 . 3 9 SHIPPING p a c k e r s -------------------------------------5.95
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------b . 78
NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

135
58
77

4.42
5.00
3.98

STATIONARY ENGINEERS ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

205
186

443
431

3.01
4.71

106
106

5 . 6 5 UANIT0RS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS -----5.68
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING:
RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------

903
231

BOILER TENDERS -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

7 . 6 5 ORDER FILLERS -------------------------------------------7.66
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------7.39
7 . 3 2 SHIPPING PACKERS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------6.78
6.78

71

2.59

maintena nce

pipe fitter s

MANUFACTURING

------------------------------------

See fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




22

83
70
183
116
67
63

477

6.07

1,686
1,062
624
43
172

4.86
5.54
3.70
t> • 3 9

3.36

Table A -7.

Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected

occupational groups, adjusted for em p lo ym e n t shifts,
in C leveland, O hio, fo r selected periods
Industry and o c c u p a tio n a l grou p
(m en and w o m e n co m b in e d )

S e p te m b e r 1972
to
S e p te m b e r 1973

S e p te m b e r 1973
to
S e p te m b e r 1974

S e p te m b e r 1974
to
S e p te m b e r 1975

S e p te m b e r 197 5
to
S e p tem b er 1976

A ll in d u s tr ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ___________ __________________________
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g _ _ _____ _ _
____
In d u stria l n u r s e s ____ _ ___
____________ _ _ _ _
S k illed m ain ten an ce t r a d e s ** _ ___ _ __ _
U nskilled plant w o r k e r s * * _____ _____ _______

5.6
*
7.5
7.3
7.5

8.8
8.7
10.4
10.2
10.1

8.0
8.4
8.9
8.1
8.9

7.1
6 .8
8.0
6 .8
6.9

M a n u fa ctu rin g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l .
______
________ __ __ _________
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s i n g ____ . . . __________ ______
In d u strial n u r s e s __________________
____________
S killed m ain ten an ce tr a d e s * * _________ . _ ______
U n sk illed plant w o r k e r s * * ____ . . . .
.

5.5
*
7.3
7.2
7. 8

8.5
8.4
10.7
10.5
10.6

8.3
7.8
9.2
8.3
8.6

7.7
7.9
8.3
6.5
7.7

N onm an u factu rin g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ________________________
_____________
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s i n g __________ _ ___________
In d u stria l n u r s e s _____ ____ _ _ _
______
S k illed m ain ten an ce tr a d e s * * ___________ ________
U nskilled plant w o r k e r s * * ..............................................

5.6
*
***
***
6.9

9.1
8.6
***
***
9.5

7.7
8.7
***
***
9.4

6.6
5.8
***
***
6.0

*
**
***

Data not a v a ila b le .
P e r c e n t in c r e a s e s fo r p e r io d s ending p r io r to
Data do not m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r i a .

1976 r e la te to m e n o n ly .

Footnotes
1 Standard h ou rs r e fle c t the w o rk w e e k fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir re g u la r s t r a ig h t-t im e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ), and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s
to th ese w eek ly h ou rs.
2 The m ean is com p u ted fo r ea ch jo b by totalin g the e a rn in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d ivid in g by the nu m ber o f w o r k e r s .
The m ed ian d e s ig n a te s p o s itio n — h alf o f the e m p lo y e e s su rv ey ed r e c e iv e :
and h alf r e c e iv e l e s s than the rate show n.
The m id d le range is d efin ed by 2 r a te s o f pay; a fou rth o f the w o r k e r s e a rn l e s s than the lo w e r o f th e s e r a te s and a fou rth e a rn m o r e than the higher
E a rn in gs data r e la te on ly to w o r k e r s w h ose sex id e n tific a tio n w as p r o v id e d by the e s ta b lis h m e n t.
E x clu d es p rem iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w ork on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and late sh ifts .




23




Appendix A
A r e a w a g e and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s data a r e o b t a in e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s
o f B u r e a u f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s at 3 - y e a r i n t e r v a l s . 1 In e a c h o f the i n t e r ­
v e n in g y e a r s , i n f o r m a t i o n on e m p l o y m e n t and o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s i s c o l ­
l e c t e d b y a c o m b i n a t i o n o f p e r s o n a l v i s i t , m a i l q u e s t i o n n a i r e , and te l e p h o n e
i n t e r v i e w f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p a r t i c i p a t i n g in th e p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .
In e a c h o f the 84 1 a r e a s c u r r e n t l y s u r v e y e d , data a r e o b t a in e d f r o m
2
r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M anufac­
t u r i n g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e
t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s .
M a jor
i n d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s e s tu d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s and
th e c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h av in g f e w e r than
a p r e s c r i b e d n u m ber o f w o r k e r s are om itted b e ca u s e of in su fficien t e m p lo y ­
m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n s s tu d ie d .
S e p a r a t e ta b u la t io n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h
o f the b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n c r i t e r i a .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s .
The sam pling
p r o c e d u r e s i n v o l v e d e t a i l e d s t r a t i f i c a t i o n o f a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in the
s c o p e o f an i n d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y by i n d u s t r y and n u m b e r o f e m p l o y e e s .
F r o m t h is s t r a t i f i e d u n i v e r s e a p r o b a b i l i t y s a m p l e i s s e l e c t e d , with e a c h
e s t a b l i s h m e n t h av in g a p r e d e t e r m i n e d c h a n c e o f s e l e c t i o n . T o o b ta in o p t i m u m
a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f l a r g e than s m a l l e s t a b ­
lish m en ts is se le c t e d .
When data a r e c o m b i n e d , e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t i s
w e i g h t e d a c c o r d i n g to it s p r o b a b i l i t y o f s e l e c t i o n , so that u n b ia s e d e s t i m a t e s
are gen erated.
F o r e x a m p l e , i f one out o f f o u r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d ,
it i s g iv e n a w e ig h t o f f o u r to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f plu s t h r e e o t h e r s .
A n a lt e r n a t e
o f the s a m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y i s c h o s e n in the s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i ­
f i c a t i o n i f data a r e not a v a i l a b l e f r o m the o r i g i n a l s a m p l e m e m b e r .
If no
s u it a b le s u b s titu te i s a v a i l a b l e , a d d it io n a l w e ig h t i s a s s i g n e d to a s a m p l e
m e m b e r that i s s i m i l a r to the m i s s i n g unit.
O c c u p a t i o n s and e a r n in g s
O c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu dy a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f m a n u f a c ­
t u r in g and n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the f o l l o w i n g t y p e s :
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ; (3) m a i n t e n a n c e , t o o l r o o m ,
and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d i a l .
O ccupational
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to ta ke
a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in d u tie s w it h in the s a m e j o b .
O ccu­
p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu dy a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in a p p e n d ix B .
U n le s s
o t h e r w i s e i n d i c a t e d , the e a r n i n g s data f o l l o w i n g the j o b t i t l e s a r e f o r a ll
in du stries co m bin ed .
E a r n i n g s data f o r s o m e o f the o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d and
1 P ersonal visits w e re on a 2 - y e a r c y c l e b e fo r e July 1 9 7 2 .
2

In c lu d e d

in th e

84

areas

are

14 studies c o n d u c t e d b y th e Bureau und er c o n t r a c t.

T h ese areas are

A k ro n , O h io; A u stin , T e x . ; B in gh a m ton , N . Y . —P a . ; B irm in g h a m , A l a . ; Fort L a u d erd a le—H o lly w o o d and W est
P a lm B e a ch —B o ca R a to n , F l a . ; L e x in g to n —F a y e tt e , K y . ; M e lb o u r n e —T it u s v ille —C o c o a , F l a . ; N o rfo lk —V ir g in ia
B ea ch —Portsm outh and N ew p ort N ew s—H a m p ton , V a . —N . C . ; P o u g h k eep sie—K in g ston —N ew bu rgh , N. Y . ; R a le ig h —
D u rh a m , N . C . ;

S ta m fo rd ,

C o n n .;

S y ra cu se,

N. Y . ;

U tic a —R o m e ,

N . Y . ; and W estch ester C o u n ty ,

a d d itio n , the Bureau c o n d u cts m o re lim it e d area studies in a p p r o x im a t e ly 100 areas at th e
E m p lo y m e n t Standards A d m in is tra tio n o f the U . S. D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b or.




N .Y .

In

request o f the

25

d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w it h in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y , a r e
not p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in the
o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h data to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r
(2) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t da ta .
Sepa­
r a t e m e n ' s and w o m e n ' s e a r n i n g s data a r e not p r e s e n t e d w h e n the n u m b e r o f
w o r k e r s not i d e n t i f i e d b y s e x i s 20 p e r c e n t o r m o r e o f the m e n o r w o m e n
i d e n t i f i e d in an o c c u p a t i o n .
E a r n i n g s data not s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y f o r i n d u s t r y
d i v i s i o n s a r e i n c l u d e d in data f o r a ll i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d .
L ik ew ise,
data a r e i n c l u d e d in the o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n w hen a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f
e l e c t r o n i c s t e c h n i c i a n s , s e c r e t a r i e s , o r t r u c k d r i v e r s i s not show n o r i n f o r ­
m a tio n to s u b c la s s if y is not av a ila b le.
O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s data a r e show n f o r f u l l - t i m e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u l e .
E a r n i n g s data
e x c l u d e p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la te s h if t s . N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a l l o w a n c e s
and i n c e n t i v e b o n u s e s a r e in c l u d e d .
W e e k l y h o u r s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l and
p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s r e f e r to the s ta n d a r d w o r k w e e k
( r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r ) f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e r e g u l a r
s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r
prem iu m rates).
A v e r a g e w eek ly earn ings fo r th ese occu p a tions are rounded
t o the n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .
T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s in an a r e a
at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e .
C o m p a r i s o n s o f in d i v i d u a l o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
t i m e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s . T h e a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l j o b s
a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s and e m p l o y m e n t p a t t e r n s .
F o r exam ple,
p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by h igh- o r lo w -w a g e f i r m s m a y ch a n g e, o r
h i g h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d v a n c e to b e t t e r j o b s and b e r e p l a c e d b y n e w
w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a t e s .
Such s h if t s in e m p l o y m e n t c o u l d d e c r e a s e an o c c u ­
p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e e v e n th ou gh m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a ’ se w a g e s
d u r in g the y e a r .
C h a n g e s in e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , show n in t a b le
A - 7 , a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s than a r e e a r n i n g s c h a n g e s f o r
i n d i v i d u a l j o b s w ithin the g r o u p s .
A v e r a g e earnings re fle c t c o m p o s ite , areaw ide estim a tes.
In dustries
and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in pa y l e v e l and j o b s ta f fin g , and thus c o n t r i b u t e
d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
P a y a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l a m o n g j o b s in i n d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
A v e r a g e pa y l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s ho u ld
not be a s s u m e d t o r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in pa y o f the s e x e s w ithin in d iv id u a l
establish m en ts.
F a c t o r s w h i c h m a y c o n t r i b u t e to d i f f e r e n c e s i n c l u d e p r o ­
g r e s s i o n w it h in e s t a b l i s h e d r a te r a n g e s ( o n l y the r a t e s p a id i n c u m b e n t s a r e
c o l l e c t e d ) and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c d u t ie s w it h in the g e n e r a l s u r v e y j o b
descriptions.
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d to c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s
u s u a l l y a r e m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d than t h o s e u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
and a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c d u tie s
p e rform ed .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in a l l e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w ith in the s c o p e o f the stu dy and n ot the n u m b e r a c t u a l l y s u r v e y e d .
B eca u se occu pa tion a l stru ctu re s am ong establish m en ts d iffe r, estim a te s of
o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b t a in e d f r o m the s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s tu die d
s e r v e o n ly to i n d i c a t e the r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f the j o b s s tu d ie d .
These
d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y o f
the e a r n i n g s data.

W a ge t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s

T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s p r e s e n t e d in ta b le A - 7 a r e b a s e d on c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s r e p o r t i n g the t r e n d j o b s in both
the c u r r e n t and p r e v i o u s y e a r ( m a t c h e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ) .
T h e data a r e
a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e the e f f e c t s on a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f e m p l o y m e n t sh ifts
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n c l u d e d in s u r v e y
sam p les.
The p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a re s till a ffected by f a c t o r s
o t h e r tha n w a g e i n c r e a s e s .
H i r i n g , l a y o f f s , and t u r n o v e r m a y a f f e c t an
e s t a b l i s h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an o c c u p a t i o n w h e n w o r k e r s a r e p a id u n d e r p la n s
p rovid in g a range o f w age ra tes f o r individual jo b s .
In p e r i o d s o f i n c r e a s e d
h i r i n g , f o r e x a m p l e , n e w e m p l o y e e s e n t e r at the b o t t o m o f the r a n g e ,
d e p r e s s i n g the a v e r a g e w ith o u t a c h a n g e in w a g e r a t e s .

E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g
( m e n and w o m e n ) :

S k ille d m a i n t e n a n c e (m e n
and w o m e n ) :

C om puter system s
analysts, c la s s e s
A , B , and C
Com puter p ro g ra m m e rs ,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C
C om puter op erators,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C

C arpenters
E lectrician s
Pain ters
M ach inists
M e ch a n ics (m achinery)
M e c h a n ic s (m o to r veh icle)
P ip efitters
T o o l and d ie m a k e r s

I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( m e n and
w o m e n ):
R e g is te r e d in du strial
nurses
P e r c e n t c h a n g e s f o r indiv:
as fo llo w s :

U n s k i l l e d plant ( m e n and
wom en):
J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and
clea n ers
M a t e r i a l h an dlin g l a b o r e r s
a r e a s in th e p r o g r a m a r e c o m p u t e d

O ccu pa tion s u sed to co m p u te w age tre n d s a r e :

O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n and
w o m e n ):

O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (m e n and
w o m e n )---- C on tin ued

S ecreta ries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
T y pists, c la s s e s
A and B
F ile c le r k s , c la s s e s A,
B, and C
M essengers
Sw itchboard o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A and B

O rder clerk s
A ccou ntin g c le r k s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
B ook k eeping-m ach in e
op erators, class B
P a yroll clerk s
Keypunch o p e r a to r s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
T a b u la t in g - m a c hine
op erators, cla ss B




E a c h o c c u p a t i o n i s a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d o n it s p r o ­
p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p in the
base year.

2.
T h e p e r c e n t c h a n g e s r e l a t e to w a g e c h a n g e s b e t w e e n the i n d i c a t e d
dates.
When the t i m e span b e t w e e n s u r v e y s i s o t h e r than 12 m o n t h s , annual
r a t e s a r e sh o w n .
(It i s a s s u m e d that w a g e s i n c r e a s e at a c o n s t a n t ra te
betw een s u r v e y s .)

1.

T h e s e w e i g h t s a r e u s e d to c o m p u t e g r o u p a v e r a g e s .
E ach o c c u p a t io n 's a v e r a g e (mean) e a rn in g s is m u ltip lied
b y it s w e ig h t .
T h e p r o d u c t s a r e t o t a l e d to o b ta in a
group a vera ge.

3.

The ratio of grou p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t iv e y e a r s is
c o m p u t e d b y d i v i d i n g th e a v e r a g e f o r the c u r r e n t y e a r
b y th e a v e r a g e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
The result—
e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t ---- l e s s 100 i s the p e r c e n t ch a n g e .

F o r a m o r e d e t a i l e d d e s c r i p t i o n o f the m e t h o d u s e d to c o m p u t e t h e s e
w a g e t r e n d s , s e e " I m p r o v i n g A r e a W a ge S u r v e y I n d e x e s , " M o n th ly L a b o r
R e v i e w , J a n u a r y 1973, pp. 5 2 - 5 7 .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s
T a b u l a t i o n s o n s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y
w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e not p r e s e n t e d in th is b u ll e t in . I n f o r ­
m a t i o n f o r t h e s e t a b u l a t i o n s is c o l l e c t e d at 3 - y e a r i n t e r v a l s . 1 T h e s e t a b u ­
l a t i o n s on m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; shift
d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s and d a y s ; p a id h o l i d a y s ; pa id v a c a t i o n s ;
and h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p la n s a r e p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s t a b l e s )
in p r e v i o u s b u l l e t i n s f o r t h is a r e a .
Personal visits were on a 2-y e a r c y c le before July 1972.

Appendix table 1. Establishm ents and w orkers w ith in scope of survey and num ber studied
in C leveland, O h io ,1 S eptem ber 1976
Industry d iv isio n 2

ALL

M inim um
em ploym en t
in e s t a b lis h m ents in sc o p e
o f study

N um ber o f e sta b lish m e n ts

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m en ts
W ithin s c o p e o f study 4

W ithin s co p e
o f study 1
3
2

Studied

Studied
N um ber

P ercen t

EST ABLI SH ME NT S
------------------------------------------------------------------------

-

1 ,1 7 6

302

3 7 2 ,5 2 2

100

2 3 1 , 3A2

M A NU FA C TU R I NG ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------NON MA NUFA CTU RI NG --------------------------------------------------------------------------T R A N S P O R T A T I O N , C O M M U N I C A T I O N , AND
OTHER P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 5 ------------------------------------------------WHOLESALE T RADE
--------------------------------------------------------------------R E T A I L T RADE
----------------------------------------------------------------------------F I N A N C E . I N S U R A N C E , AND R EA L E S T A T E 6 ----------------S E R V I C E S 7 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

100
-

A80
696

133
169

2 0 6 ,9 3 5
1 6 5 ,5 8 7

56
AA

1 2 9 ,3 3 5
1 0 2 ,0 0 7

100
50
100
50
50

60
209
97
1 A0
190

23
3A
33
33
A6

3 2 .7 6 1
2 3 ,7 9 5
5 6 ,9 0 7
2 7 .A 0 8
2 A .7 I6

9
6
15
7
7

2 8 ,0 7 6
7 , 1A2
A 1 .9 2 8
1 5 ,8 9 7
8 .9 6 A

------------------------------------------------------------------------

-

1A6

11A

2 2 2 ,6 2 3

100

1 9 8 ,3 8 8

------------------------------------------- -------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
------------------------------------------- ------------------------------TRANSPORTATION, c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and
OTHER P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 5 -----------------------------------------------WHOLESALE TR ADE
--------------------------------------------------------------------R E T A I L TR ADE
----------------------------------------------------------------------------F I N A N C E . I N S U R A N C E , AND R EA L E S T A T E 6 ----------------S E R V I C E S 7 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

500
-

85
61

65
A9

1 2 9 ,8 7 1
9 2 ,7 5 2

58
A2

1 1A .1 58
8A .23 0

500
500
500
500
500

9
6
3A
8
A

9
6
22
8
A

2 5 ,1 0 8
3 ,7 5 5
A 8 .9 6 3
1 1 ,9 3 6
2 ,9 9 0

11
2
22
5
1

2 5 ,1 0 8
3 ,7 5 5
A 0 , AA1
1 1 ,9 3 6
2 .9 9 0

ALL

D IVISIO N S

L AR GE
ALL

D IV ISIO N S

M A NU FA CTU RI NG

EST ABLI SH ME NT S

1 Th e C levelan d Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as d efin ed by the O ffic e o f M anagem ent and Budget through F e b ru a r y 1974, c o n s ists o f Cuyahoga, G eauga,
L a k e, and M edina C ou n ties. Th e " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f study" e stim a te s shown in this table p r o v id e a re a s o n a b ly a ccu ra te d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s itio n o f
the la b o r f o r c e in clu d e d in the su rv e y .
E stim a te s a r e not intended, h o w e v e r , f o r co m p a r is o n w ith o th e r em p lo ym e n t in d exes to m e a s u r e em ploym en t tren d s o r le v e ls
s in c e (1) planning o f w age s u rv e y s re q u ir e s esta b lish m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in advance o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d studied, and (2) sm a ll esta b lish m en ts are exclu d ed
fr o m the s c o p e o f the s u rv e y .
2 The 1967 ed ition o f the Standard In d u strial C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as used in c la s s ify in g e sta b lish m e n ts by in du stry d iv isio n .
3 Inclu des a ll e sta b lish m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p loym en t at o r above the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
A ll ou tlets (within the a r e a ) o f com p a n ies in in d u s trie s such as tr a d e ,
fin a n ce, auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tio n p ic tu re th e a te rs are c o n s id e r e d as 1 e sta b lish m e n t.
4 Inclu des all w o r k e r s in a ll es ta b lis h m e n ts w ith total e m p loym en t (within the a re a ) at o r above the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
5 A b b re v ia te d to "p u b lic u t ilit ie s " in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s . T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid e n ta l to w a te r tra n s p o rta tio n a re ex clu d ed . L o c a l- t r a n s it op era tion s and an
e l e c t r i c utility (supplyin g le s s than h a lf the e le c t r ic it y con su m ed in the C levelan d a re a ) a re m u n icip a lly ow ned and are e x clu d e d by d efin ition fr o m the s c o p e o f the su rvey.
6 A b b re v ia te d to "fin a n c e " in the A - s e r ie s ta b le s .
7 H otels and m o t e ls ; la u n d ries and o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u tom obile r e p a ir , re n ta l, and park in g; m otion p ic tu r e s ; n on p rofit m e m b e r s h ip
o rg a n iz a tion s (exclu d in g re lig io u s and ch a rita b le o r g a n iz a tio n s ); and en gin eerin g and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .




27




Appendix B.

Occupational Descriptions

T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r the B u r e a u ' s w a g e s u r v e y s i s to a s s i s t
it s f i e l d s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r i a t e o c c u p a t i o n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p l o y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f
p a y r o l l t i t l e s and d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t t o e s t a b l i s h m e n t and f r o m a r e a to
area.
T h i s p e r m i t s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e j o b co n t e n t .
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a s i s o n i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t and i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t i o n a l c o n t e n t , the
B u r e a u ' s j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e
p r e p a re d f o r other p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , the B u r e a u ' s f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e
i n s t r u c t e d to e x c l u d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g i n n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; and h a n d i c a p p e d ,
p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
SECRETARY

SECRETARY-

o n tin u e d

A s s i g n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y t o o n e in d i v i d u a l .
M ain­
t a in s a c l o s e and h ig h ly r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p to the d a y - t o - d a y w o r k o f the
su p ervisor.
W o r k s f a i r l y in d e p e n d e n t ly r e c e i v i n g a m i n i m u m o f d e t a i l e d
s u p e r v i s i o n and g u i d a n c e .
P e r f o r m s v a r i e d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s ,
u s u a l l y i n c lu d in g m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :

M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b l e
n a t u r e and d i f f i c u l t y .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w l e d g e o f o f f i c e ro u tin e
and u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f the o r g a n i z a t i o n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to
th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .
E xclusions

a. R e c e i v e s t e l e p h o n e c a l l s , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and i n c o m i n g m a i l ,
a n s w e r s r o u t in e i n q u i r i e s , and r o u t e s t e c h n i c a l i n q u i r i e s to the p r o p e r
persons;
b.

E sta b lish es,

and r e v i s e s the s u p e r v i s o r ' s f i l e s ;

a. P o s i t i o n s
d s ri
M a in ta in s the s u p e r v i s o r ' s c a l e n d a r and m a k e s a p p o i n t m e n te s cas b e d a b o v e ;

c.
in stru cted ;
d.

m ain tain s,

Not a l l p o s i t i o n s that a r e t i t le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the a b o v e - c h a r ­
a cte ristics.
E x a m p l e s o f p o s i t i o n s w h i c h a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m the d e f i n i t i o n a r e
as f o l l o w s :

R elays m e s s a g e s fr o m

s u p e r v i s o r to

b.

subord inates;

e . R e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y
o t h e r s f o r the s u p e r v i s o r ' s s ig n a t u r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and t y p o g r a p h i c
accuracy;
f.

P erform s




sional,

w hich

do

not

m eet

the

"p erson a l"

secretary concept

S t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l l y t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l - t y p e d u t i e s ;

c . S t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g a s o f f i c e a s s i s t a n t s to a g r o u p o f p r o f e s ­
tech n ica l, o r m a n a ge ria l p e rso n s;

d. S e c r e t a r y p o s i t i o n s in w h i c h th e d u t ie s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t ia lly
m o r e r o u t in e o r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e c o m p l e x and r e s p o n s i b l e than t h o s e c h a r ­
a c t e r i z e d in th e d e f i n i t i o n ;

s t e n o g r a p h i c and t y p in g w o r k .

B e g in n i n g w ith c a l e n d a r y e a r 1976 s u r v e y s , the B u r e a u h a s g r o u p e d o c c u p a t i o n s s tu d ie d in it s
a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s in to j o b f a m i l i e s in o r d e r to p r e s e n t i n f o r m a t i o n on r e l a t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in s e q u e n c e .
J o b f a m i l i e s h av e not b e e n t i t le d , h o w e v e r , s i n c e d o in g so m i g h t h av e a d d e d e x t r a n e o u s e l e m e n t s to the
jo b m atching p r o c e s s .
T h e B u r e a u has a l s o r e v i s e d s e v e r a l o c c u p a t i o n a l t i t l e s .
w o r d o r d e r and a r e m o r e d e s c r i p t i v e o f the s u r v e y j o b s .

29

The title s m o r e n e a r ly r e f le c t usual

S E C R E T A R Y ---- Continued

SEC R E TA R Y— Continued
C lass C

E x c l u s i o n s — C o n tin u e d
e.
A s s is ta n t -ty p e p osition s which
re s p o n s ib le tec h n ica l, adm inistra tive, s u p e r v is o r y ,
d u t ie s w h i c h a r e not t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .

in volve m o r e difficu lt o r m o r e
1. S e c r e t a r y t o an e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n ­
or specialized c le r ic a l
s i b i l i t y is not e q u iv a le n t to o n e o f the s p e c i f i c l e v e l s itu a tio n s in the d e f in it io n
f o r c l a s s B , but w h o s e o r g a n i z a t i o n a l unit n o r m a l l y n u m b e r s at l e a s t s e v e r a l
d o z e n e m p l o y e e s and is u s u a l l y d i v i d e d in to o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t s w h i c h a r e
o f t e n , in tu rn , f u r t h e r s u b d i v i d e d .
In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , th is l e v e l i n c l u d e s a
NOTE:
T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in the l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s
w id e ra n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly one o r tw o ; o r
f o l l o w i n g , r e f e r s to t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w h o h av e a s i g n if ic a n t c o r p o r a t e w i d e
p o l i c y m a k i n g r o l e with r e g a r d to m a j o r c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s .
T h e t i t le " v i c e
2. S e c r e t a r y to the h e ad o f an i n d i v i d u a l pla nt, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r
p r e s i d e n t , " th ou gh n o r m a l l y i n d i c a t i v e o f th is r o l e , d o e s n ot in a ll c a s e s
o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a ll, f e w e r than 5 , 0 0 0
i d e n t i f y s u ch p o s i t i o n s .
V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to
persons.
a ct p e r s o n a l l y on i n d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r de n y
i n d iv id u a l loan o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ; a d m i n i s t e r i n d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y
C lass D
s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s ta ff) a r e not c o n s i d e r e d to be " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r
1. S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l unit
p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g the f o l l o w i n g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
( e . g . , f e w e r than ab out 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r
C lass A

1. S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a i r m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y
that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

2. S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l
e m p lo y e e , a d m in is tra tiv e o f f i c e r , o r a s sista n t, sk illed techn ician, o r e x p e rt.
(N O TE :
M a n y c o m p a n i e s a s s i g n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r than s e c r e t a r i e s as
d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to th is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r . )
STENOGRAPHER

2. S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r than the c h a i r m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 but f e w e r
than 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to the h e a d , i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r
l e v e l , o f a m a j o r s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a ll,
o v e r 25,000 p erson s.

C la ss B

P r i m a r y du ty i s to ta ke d i c t a t i o n u s in g s h o r t h a n d , and to t r a n s c r i b e
th e d i c t a t i o n .
M a y a l s o ty pe f r o m w r i t t e n c o p y .
May operate fro m a sten o­
graphic pool.
M a y o c c a s i o n a l l y t r a n s c r i b e f r o m v o i c e r e c o r d i n g s ( if p r i m a r y
duty i s t r a n s c r i b i n g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s ,
see T ra n s crib in g -M a ch in e Typist).
N O T E : T h i s j o b i s d i s t i n g u i s h e d f r o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a l l y w o r k s in a c o n f i d e n t i a l r e l a t i o n s h i p with o n ly o n e m a n a g e r
o r e x e c u t i v e and p e r f o r m s m o r e
r e s p o n s i b l e and d i s c r e t i o n a r y t a s k s as
d e s c r i b e d in the s e c r e t a r y j o b d e f i n i t i o n .

1. S e c r e t a r y to the c h a i r m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y
that e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r than the c h a i r m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but f e w e r
th an 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to the h e a d , i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the o f f i c e r l e v e l , o v e r
either a m a j o r c o r p o r a tio n w id e fun ction al activity (e .g ., m a rk etin g, r e s e a r c h ,
o p e r a t io n s , in d u stria l re la t io n s , e tc .) or a m a j o r g eog rap h ic o r orga n iza tio n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a j o r d i v i s i o n ) o f a c o m p a n y that
e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 but f e w e r than 2 5 , 000 e m p l o y e e s ; o r
4. S e c r e t a r y to the h ead o f an i n d iv id u a l plant, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r
o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
5. S e c r e t a r y to the h e ad o f a l a r g e and i m p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m i d d l e m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t
o f t e n i n v o l v i n g as m a n y as s e v e r a l h u n d re d p e r s o n s ) o r a c o m p a n y that
e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .




Stenographer, G eneral

keep

D ic t a t io n i n v o l v e s a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u l a r y .
M a y m a in ta in f i l e s ,
s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m othe^r r e l a t i v e l y ro u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
Stenographer,

Sen ior

D i c t a t i o n i n v o l v e s a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s uch
as in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h .
M a y a l s o s e t up and
m aintain f i l e s , k eep r e c o r d s , etc.
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h i c d u t ie s r e q u i r i n g s i g n i f i c a n t l y g r e a t e r i n d e ­
p e n d e n c e and r e s p o n s i b i l i t y than s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l , a s e v i d e n c e d b y the
follow in g :
W o r k r e q u i r e s a high d e g r e e o f s t e n o g r a p h i c s p e e d and a c c u r a c y ;
a t h o r o u g h w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s and o f f i c e p r o c e d u r e ; and
o f the s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t i o n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w ork flow , etc.
U s e s th is k n o w l e d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h i c d u t ie s and
r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l t a s k s s u c h as m a in t a in in g f o l l o w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , and l e t t e r s ; c o m p o s i n g s i m p l e l e t t e r s
f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g and r o u t in g i n c o m i n g m a i l ; and a n s w e r i n g
ro u tin e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .

T R A N SC R IB IN G -M A C H IN E TYPIST

SW ITCH BOAR D O PER ATO R

P r i m a r y duty i s to t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t i o n in v o l v i n g a n o r m a l ro u tin e
voca b u la ry fro m tra n s crib in g -m a ch in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r i t t e n
c o p y and do s i m p l e c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s tr a n s c r ib in g dictation involving
a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u c h as l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s
oh s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e not in c l u d e d .
A w o r k e r w h o t a k e s d i c t a t i o n in
s h o rt h a n d o r b y S te n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h i n e i s c l a s s i f i e d as a s t e n o g r a p h e r .

C la s s A . O p erates a s in g le - o r m u lt ip le -p o s it io n telephone sw itch ­
b o a r d h an dlin g i n c o m i n g , o u t g o in g , in tr a p l a n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s .
P e r f o r m s f u ll
t e l e p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s c o m p l e x c a l l s , s u c h as c o n f e r e n c e ,
c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i t h e r in a d d itio n to d o in g ro u tin e w o r k
a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r as a f u l l - t i m e a s s i g n m e n t .
( " F u l l " t e l e p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h e n the e s t a b l i s h m e n t has
v a r i e d f u n c t io n s that a r e not r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b l e f o r t e l e p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n
p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e o f o v e r l a p p i n g o r i n t e r r e l a t e d f u n c t i o n s , and c o n s e ­
q u e n tly p r e s e n t f r e q u e n t p r o b l e m s as to w h i c h e x t e n s i o n s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e
fo r ca lls.)

TYPIST
U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s o r to m a k e
out b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a t i o n s h ave b e e n m a d e b y a n o t h e r p e r s o n .
M a y in c lu d e
ty pin g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p lic a t in g p r o ­
cesses.
M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k i n v o l v i n g li t tle s p e c i a l t r a i n i n g , s u c h as
k e e p i n g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f i l i n g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g and d i s t r i b u t i n g
in com in g m ail.
C lass A.
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l
in f i n a l f o r m w h e n it i n v o l v e s c o m b i n i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g , s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c tu a t io n , e t c . , o f t e c h ­
n i c a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ; o r p la n nin g la y o u t and
ty p in g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s to m a in t a in u n i f o r m i t y and b a l a n c e in
s p a c i n g . M a y ty p e ro u tin e f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y i n g d e t a i l s to suit c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C lass
rough or c le a r
o r s e ttin g up
a l r e a d y s e t up

B.
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g ;
C o p y t y p in g f r o m
d r a f t s ; o r r o u tin e typin g o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ;
s i m p l e s ta n d a rd t a b u l a t i o n s ; o r c o p y i n g m o r e c o m p l e x t a b l e s
and s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

T h e s e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s do not in c lu d e s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s in t e l e ­
p h o n e c o m p a n i e s w h o a s s i s t c u s t o m e r s in p l a c i n g c a l l s .
SW ITCH BO ARD O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
In a d d itio n to p e r f o r m i n g d u t ie s o f o p e r a t o r on a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r
m o n i t o r - t y p e s w i t c h b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n i s t and m a y a l s o ty pe o r p e r f o r m
r o u t in e c l e r i c a l w o r k a s p a r t o f r e g u l a r d u t i e s .
T h i s t y p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k
m a y ta ke the m a j o r p a r t o f th is w o r k e r ' s t i m e w h i le at s w i t c h b o a r d .

FIL E CLERK

ORDER CLERK

F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r i a l in an e s t a b l i s h e d f ilin g
system .
M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d to m a in t a in f i l e s .
P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s on the b a s i s o f the f o l l o w i n g d e f i n i t i o n s .

R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s fo r m a te ria l o r m e rch a n d ise by m a il,
or person ally.
D u t ie s i n v o l v e any c o m b i n a t i o n o f the f o l l o w i n g ;
Q u o t i n g
p r i c e s
t o
c u s t o m e r s ;
m a k i n g
o u t
a n
o r d e r
s h e e t lis t i n g the i t e m s t o
m a k e up the o r d e r ; c h e c k i n g p r i c e s and q u a n t it ie s o f i t e m s on o r d e r s h e e t ;
and d i s t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s to r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s to be f i l l e d .
May
c h e c k w ith c r e d i t d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m i n e c r e d i t r a ti n g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w l ­
e d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s , f o l l o w up o r d e r s t o s e e that t h e y
h ave b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , and c h e c k ship pin g i n v o i c e s
w ith o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .
phone,

C la s s A.
C l a s s i f i e s and i n d e x e s f i l e m a t e r i a l s uch as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n t s , e t c . , in an e s t a b l i s h e d f ilin g s y s t e m
co n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d s u b j e c t m a t t e r f i l e s .
M a y a l s o f i l e th is
m aterial.
M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n j u n c t i o n with the f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a l l g r o u p o f l o w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .
C la s s B.
S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p l e
( s u b j e c t m a t t e r ) h e a d in g s o r p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f i n e r s u b h e a d in g s .
P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d i n d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s .
As requested,
l o c a t e s c l e a r l y i d e n t i f i e d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l .
May
p e rfo rm
r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d to m a in t a in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

ACCO U N TIN G C LE R K
P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e a c c o u n t i n g c l e r i c a l t a s k s s u ch a s p o s t i n g to
r e g i s t e r s and l e d g e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g bank a c c o u n t s ; v e r i f y i n g the i n t e r n a l c o n ­
s i s t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , and m a t h e m a t i c a l a c c u r a c y o f a c c o u n t in g d o c u m e n t s ;
a s s i g n i n g p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t i n g d i s t r i b u t i o n c o d e s ; e x a m i n i n g and v e r i f y i n g
fo r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y va rio u s ty pes o f r e p o r ts , lis ts , calcu lation s, posting,
e t c . ; o r p r e p a r i n g s i m p l e o r a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r i n g m o r e c o m p l i c a t e d j o u r n a l
vouchers.
M a y w o r k in e i t h e r a m a n u a l o r a u t o m a t e d a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m .

C lass C.
P e r f o r m s r o u tin e filin g o f m a t e r i a l that h as a l r e a d y b e e n
c l a s s i f i e d o r w h i c h i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
sy ste m (e .g ., alphabetical, ch r o n o lo g ic a l, o r n u m e rica l).
As requested,
l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l ; and m a y
f i l l out w i t h d r a w a l c h a r g e .
M a y p e r f o r m s i m p l e c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l t a s k s
r e q u i r e d to m a i n t a i n and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

T h e w o r k r e q u i r e s a k n o w l e d g e o f c l e r i c a l m e t h o d s and o f f i c e p r a c ­
t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h i c h r e l a t e s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g and r e c o r d i n g
o f t r a n s a c t i o n s and a c c o u n t i n g i n f o r m a t i o n .
With e x p e r i e n c e , the w o r k e r
t y p i c a l l y b e c o m e s f a m i l i a r w ith the b o o k k e e p i n g and a c c o u n t i n g t e r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in the a s s i g n e d w o r k , but i s not r e q u i r e d to h av e a k n o w l e d g e
o f the f o r m a l p r i n c i p l e s o f b o o k k e e p i n g and a c c o u n t i n g .

MESSENGER
P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s ro u tin e d u t ie s s u ch as ru nn in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t i n g
m i n o r o f f i c e m a c h i n e s s u ch as s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g and d i s t r i b u t i n g
m a i l , and o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x c l u d e p o s i t i o n s that r e q u i r e o p e r a t i o n
o f a m o t o r v e h i c l e a s a s i g n if ic a n t duty.




C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n te l e p h o n e s w i t c h ­
b o a r d h a n dlin g i n c o m i n g , o u t g o in g , in tr a p l a n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s .
M a y h an dle
r o u tin e lo n g d i s t a n c e c a l l s and r e c o r d t o l l s .
M a y p e r f o r m l i m i t e d te l e p h o n e
in form ation s e r v ic e .
( " L i m i t e d " t e l e p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e o c c u r s i f the
f u n c t i o n s o f the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b l e f o r t e l e ­
p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n p u r p o s e s , o r i f the r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t i n e , e . g . , g iv i n g
e x te n sio n n u m b e r s when s p e c if ic n a m e s a re fu rn ish e d , o r i f c o m p l e x c a lls
a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o t h e r o p e r a t o r . )

P osition s
defin ition s.

31

are

cla ssified

in to

levels

on

the

b a s i s o f the f o l l o w i n g

A C C O U N TIN G C L E R K — Continued

M ACH IN E B IL L E R ---- Continued

C lass A .
Under g e n e r a l s u p e rv is io n , p e r f o r m s a ccou nting c l e r i c a l
o p e r a t i o n s w h i c h r e q u i r e the a p p l i c a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e and j u d g m e n t , f o r
e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s i n g c o m p lic a t e d o r n onrep etitive a ccou nting t r a n s ­
a c t i o n s , s e l e c t i n g a m o n g a s u b s t a n t ia l v a r i e t y o f p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t i n g c o d e s
and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c i n g t r a n s a c t i o n s t h r o u g h p r e v i o u s a c c o u n t in g
a c t i o n s to d e t e r m i n e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M a y b e a s s i s t e d b y on e o r
m o r e c la s s B accou nting c le r k s .

B ook k eepin g-m a ch in e b ille r .
U s e s a b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h i n e (with o r
w it h ou t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s as p a r t o f the
accounts re ce iv a b le operation.
G e n e r a l l y i n v o l v e s the s im u l t a n e o u s e n t r y o f
f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h i n e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o l u m n s and c o m p u t e s and u s u a l l y p r i n t s
a u t o m a t i c a l l y th e d e b it o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s .
D o e s n ot i n v o l v e a k n o w l e d g e
o f bookkeeping.
W o r k s f r o m u n i f o r m and s ta n d a r d t y p e s o f s a l e s and
c r e d it slips.

C la ss B.
Under c l o s e s u p e r v is io n , follow in g d etailed in st r u c tio n s
and s t a n d a r d i z e d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e r o u tin e a c c o u n t i n g c l e r ­
i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , s u c h as p o s t i n g to l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e
i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f i t e m s and l o c a t i o n s o f p o s t i n g s a r e c l e a r l y i n d i c a t e d ; c h e c k i n g
a c c u r a c y and c o m p l e t e n e s s o f s t a n d a r d i z e d and r e p e t i t i v e r e c o r d s o r
a c c o u n t i n g d o c u m e n t s ; and c o d i n g
d o c u m e n t s u s in g a f e w p r e s c r i b e d
accou nting c o d e s .

PAYROLL CLERK

B O O K K EEPIN G -M ACH IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h i n e (with o r w ith ou t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y ­
b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s .
C lass A .
K e e p s a set o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w l e d g e o f and
e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c b o o k k e e p i n g p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m i l i a r i t y w ith the s t r u c t u r e
o f the p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m u s e d .
D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d i s t r i b u t i o n
o f d e b it a n d c r e d i t i t e m s t o b e u s e d i n e a c h p h a s e o f t h e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l i d a t e d r e p o r t s , b a l a n c e s h e e t s , and o t h e r r e c o r d s b y hand.

C la ss B.
K e e p s a r e c o r d o f on e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a
s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l l y r e q u i r i n g lit tle k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p i n g . P h a s e s
o r s e c t i o n s i n c l u d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b l e , p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (not
i n c l u d i n g a s i m p l e ty p e o f b i l l i n g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r m a c h i n e b i l l e r ) , c o s t d i s ­
tribution, exp en se d istribu tion , in v en tory co n tr o l, etc.
May c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r the a c c o u n t i n g
departm ent.

C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s and e n t e r s the n e c e s s a r y
da ta on the p a y r o l l s h e e t s .
D u t ie s i n v o l v e :
Calcu latin g w o r k e r s ' earn in gs
b a s e d on t i m e o r p r o d u c t i o n r e c o r d s ; and p o s t i n g c a l c u l a t e d data on p a y r o l l
s h e e t , s h o w in g i n f o r m a t i o n s u c h as w o r k e r ' s n a m e , w o r k i n g d a y s , t i m e , r a t e ,
d e d u c t i o n s f o r i n s u r a n c e , and to t a l w a g e s d u e .
M a y m a k e out p a y c h e c k s and
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k i n g up and d i s t r i b u t i n g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M ay use a
calculating m ach in e.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
O p e r a t e s a k e y p u n c h m a c h i n e t o r e c o r d o r v e r i f y a lp h a b e t ic a n d / o r
n u m e r i c da ta on ta b u la tin g c a r d s o r on t a p e .
P osition s
defin ition s.

are

cla ssifie d

in to

levels

on

the

b a s i s o f the f o l l o w i n g

C la ss A .
W o r k r e q u i r e s the a p p l i c a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e and ju d g m e n t
in s e l e c t i n g p r o c e d u r e s to be f o l l o w e d and in s e a r c h i n g f o r , i n t e r p r e t i n g ,
s e l e c t i n g , o r c o d i n g i t e m s to be k e y p u n c h e d f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s o u r c e d o c u ­
m ents.
On o c c a s i o n m a y a l s o p e r f o r m s o m e r o u t in e k e y p u n c h w o r k .
May
train in e x p e rie n ce d keypunch o p e r a t o r s .
C lass B .
W o r k i s ro u tin e and r e p e t i t i v e .
Under c l o s e s u p e r v is io n
o r f o l l o w i n g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s t r u c t i o n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r io u s - s t a n ­
d a r d i z e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s w h i c h h av e b e e n c o d e d , and f o l l o w s s p e c i f i e d
p r o c e d u r e s w h i c h h ave b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a i l and r e q u i r e li t tle o r no
s e l e c t i n g , c o d i n g , o r i n t e r p r e t i n g o f data to be r e c o r d e d . R e f e r s to s u p e r v i s o r
p r o b le m s a r is in g f r o m e r r o n e o u s it e m s o r c o d e s o r m is s in g in form a tion .

M ACH INE B IL L E R
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , and i n v o i c e s on a m a c h i n e o t h e r than an
ord in a ry or e le ctro m a tic ty p e w rite r.
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s as t o b i l l i n g s
o r sh ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l w o r k i n c i d e n t a l to b i l l i n g
operations.
F o r w a g e s tu dy p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e b i l l e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty pe
o f m a c h in e , as fo llo w s :

B illin g-m ach in e b ille r .
Uses a s p e c ia l b illin g m ach in e (com bin ation
t y p in g and a d d in g m a c h i n e ) t o p r e p a r e b i l l s and i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s '
p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , i n t e r n a l l y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o r a n d u m s , e t c .
U s u a l l y i n v o l v e s a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d i s c o u n t s and sh ip p in g c h a r g e s
and e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h i c h m a y o r m a y not b e c o m p u t e d on
the b i l l i n g m a c h i n e , and t o t a l s w h i c h a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d b y
m ach in e.
The op e r a tio n usually in v o lv e s a la rg e n um ber o f ca rb o n c o p ie s
o f the b i l l b e i n g p r e p a r e d a n c i s o f te n d o n e on a f a n f o ld m a c h i n e .




O p e r a t e s o n e o r a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n e s s u c h a s the t a b u la t o r , c a l c u ­
la to r , c o lla t o r , in t e r p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g punch, etc.
E xcluded fr o m
th is d e f in it io n a r e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s .
A ls o exclu ded are o p e r a to r s of
e l e c t r o n i c d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r s , e v e n th o u gh t h e y m a y a l s o o p e r a t e e l e c t r i c
accou nting m a ch in e equipm en t.
P ositions
defin ition s.

are

cla ssified

in to

levels

on

the

b a s i s o f the f o l l o w i n g

C lass A.
P e r f o r m s c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g and ta b u la tin g a s s i g n m e n t s
in c l u d i n g d e v i s i n g d i f f i c u l t c o n t r o l p a n e l w i r i n g u n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n .
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e a v a r i e t y o f lo n g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w h i c h
o f te n a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g , r e q u i r i n g s o m e p la n nin g o f the n a tu r e
and s e q u e n c i n g o f o p e r a t i o n s , and the u s e o f a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n e s .
Is

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O PER ATO R — Continued

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O PER AT O R — Continued

t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e d in t r a i n i n g n e w o p e r a t o r s in m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s o r t r a i n in g
l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s in w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and in the o p e r a t i n g s e q u e n c e s
o f lo n g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D o e s not in c l u d e p o s i t i o n s in w h i c h w i r i n g
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s l i m i t e d to s e l e c t i o n and i n s e r t i o n o f p r e w i r e d b o a r d s .

the t a b u l a t o r and c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d itio n to the s i m p l e r m a c h i n e s u s e d by
cla ss C op erators.
M a y b e r e q u i r e d to do s o m e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s .
M a y t r a i n n e w e m p l o y e e s in b a s i c m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s .
C l a s s C . U n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s , o p e r a t e s s i m p l e ta b u la tin g
o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g m a c h i n e s s u c h as the s o r t e r , i n t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g
punch, c o l l a t o r , e tc.
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e p o r t i o n s o f a w o r k unit,
fo r e x a m p le , individual sortin g o r collatin g runs, o r repetitive op e r a tio n s.
May p e r fo r m
s i m p l e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s , and do s o m e f ilin g w o r k .

C lass B.
P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d i n g to e s t a b l i s h e d p r o c e d u r e s and
under s p e c if ic in st r u c t io n s .
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e c o m p l e t e but r o u ­
tine and r e c u r r i n g r e p o r t s o r p a r t s o f l a r g e r and m o r e c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a t e s m o r e d i f f i c u l t ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g m a c h i n e s s u ch as

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS

C O M P U TE R SYSTEMS A N A L Y S T ,

A n a l y z e s b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s to f o r m u l a t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o l v i n g
t h e m b y u s e o f e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t .
D evelop s a c o m p le t e
d e s c r i p t i o n o f a l l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d to e n a b le p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u ir e d d igital co m p u te r p r o g r a m s .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
A n a l y z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t i o n s to b e a u t o m a t e d and i d e n t i f i e s c o n d i t i o n s
and c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d t o a c h i e v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r and
t y p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d o c u m e n t s t o be u s e d ; o u t lin e s a c t i o n s to be
p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u t e r s in s u f f i c i e n t d e t a il f o r p r e s e n t a t i o n
to m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y th is i n v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f
w o r k and data f l o w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s the d e v e l o p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s and
p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l ru ns o f n e w and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s e q u i p ­
m e n t c h a n g e s to o b ta in m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l o p e r a t i o n s .
(N O TE :
W orkers
p e r f o r m i n g both s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g sh o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d a s
s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f th is i s the s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m i n e t h e ir p a y .)

d e v e l o p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in t a in in g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n t s in a bank, m a in t a in in g
a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t , o r m a in t a in in g in v e n t o r y
a c c o u n t s in a m a n u f a c t u r i n g o r w h o l e s a l e e s t a b l i s h m e n t . )
C o n f e r s w ith p e r ­
s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e the data p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s
s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e i m p l i c a t i o n s o f the data p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s
to b e a p p lie d .

F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s f o l l o w s :
C la ss A.
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s involving all ph ases of s y ste m a n a ly sis.
P r o b le m s are
c o m p l e x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f input data and m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e ­
m e n t s o f output da ta .
( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s an i n t e g r a t e d p r o d u c t i o n s c h e d ­
u lin g , i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , and s a l e s a n a l y s i s r e c o r d in w h i c h
e v e r y i t e m o f e a c h ty p e i s a u t o m a t i c a l l y p r o c e s s e d th ro u g h the fu ll s y s t e m
o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r i a t e f o l l o w u p a c t i o n s a r e in it ia t e d b y the c o m p u t e r . )
C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e the data p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s
and a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the i m p l i c a t i o n s o f n e w o r r e v i s e d
s y s t e m s o f data p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
M akes r e co m m e n d a tio n s, if n eeded,
f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s i n s t a l l a t i o n s o r c h a n g e s and f o r o b ta in in g
equipm ent.
d irection

to

low er

level sy ste m s

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS
C o n v e r ts statem ents of b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s , ty p ic a lly p r e p a r e d by a
s y s t e m s a n a ly s t , in to a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s w h i c h a r e r e q u i r e d
to s o l v e the p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a t i c data p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t .
W orking fro m
c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e l o p s the p r e c i s e i n s t r u c t i o n s w h i c h ,
w h e n e n t e r e d in to the c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d la n g u a g e , c a u s e the m a n i p u ­
la tio n o f data to a c h i e v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
A p p l i e s k n o w l e d g e o f c o m p u t e r c a p a b i l i t i e s , m a t h e m a t i c s , l o g i c e m p l o y e d by
c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t i c u l a r s u b j e c t m a t t e r i n v o l v e d to a n a ly z e c h a r t s and
d i a g r a m s o f the p r o b l e m to be p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e l o p s s e q u e n c e o f p r o g r a m
s t e p s ; w r i t e s d e t a i l e d f l o w c h a r t s to s h o w o r d e r in w h i c h data w i l l be
p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s t h e s e c h a r t s to c o d e d i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r m a c h i n e to f o l l o w ;
t e s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r o p e r a t in g p e r s o n n e l
d u r in g p r o d u c t i o n ru n; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , and a l t e r s p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e
o p e r a t i n g e f f i c i e n c y o r adap t to n e w r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m a in t a in s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e l o p m e n t and r e v i s i o n s .
(N O TE :
W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g both
s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g s h o u ld be c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s
i f th is i s the s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r pa y .)

a n a ly s t s

C la s s B.
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
p r o b l e m s that a r e r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p l i c a t e d to a n a l y z e , pla n , p r o g r a m , and
operate.
P r o b l e m s a r e o f l i m i t e d c o m p l e x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input data
a r e h o m o g e n e o u s and the output data a r e c l o s e l y r e l a t e d .
(F or exam ple,




OR
W o r k s o n a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p l e x data p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m ,
as d e s c r i b e d fo r c la s s A.
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly on r o u tin e a s s i g n m e n t s and
r e c e i v e s i n s t r u c t i o n and g u id a n c e o n c o m p l e x a s s i g n m e n t s .
Work is review ed
f o r a c c u r a c y o f j u d g m e n t , c o m p l i a n c e w ith i n s t r u c t i o n s , and to i n s u r e p r o p e r
a l i g n m e n t w ith th e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .
C lass C .
W o r k s u n d e r i m m e d i a t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g ou t a n a l y ­
s e s a s a s s i g n e d , u s u a l l y o f a s in g le a c t i v i t y .
A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s i g n e d to
d e v e l o p and e x p a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e in the a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r o c e d u r e s and
skills req u ire d fo r s y s te m s analysis w ork .
F o r e x a m p l e , m a y a s s i s t a .h igh e r
l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly s t b y p r e p a r i n g the d e t a i l e d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u i r e d b y
p r o g r a m m e r s f r o m i n f o r m a t i o n d e v e l o p e d b y the h ig h e r l e v e l a n a ly s t .

D o e s not in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s ­
t e m s a n a l y s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g i n e e r i n g p r o b l e m s .

M a y p r o v i d e f u n c t io n a l
w h o a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

BUSINESS— C o n tin u e d

33

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS— Continued

C O M P U T E R O PER ATO R

D o e s n ot i n c l u d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o ­
g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c a n d / o r e n g i n e e r i n g p r o b l e m s .

M o n i t o r s and o p e r a t e s the c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r to
p r o c e s s data a c c o r d i n g to o p e r a t i n g i n s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a p r o ­
gram m er.
W o r k i n c l u d e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : Studie s i n s t r u c t i o n s to
d e t e r m i n e e q u i p m e n t setu p and o p e r a t i o n s ; lo a d s e q u ip m e n t with r e q u i r e d
i t e m s (ta pe r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w i t c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l i a r y e q u ip m e n t into
c i r c u i t , and s t a r t s and o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d j u s t m e n t s t o c o m p u t e r to
c o r r e c t o p e r a t i n g p r o b l e m s and m e e t s p e c j a l c o n d i t i o n s ; r e v i e w s e r r o r s m a d e
d u r in g o p e r a t i o n and d e t e r m i n e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m to s u p e r v i s o r o r
p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a i n t a i n s o p e r a t i n g r e c o r d s .
M a y t e s t and a s s i s t in
correctin g program .

For

wage

stu dy p u r p o s e s ,

p r o g r a m m e r s are cla ssifie d as follow s:

C la ss A.
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h i c h r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in a ll p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m m i n g
c o n c e p t s and p r a c t i c e s .
W o r k i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and c h a r t s w h i c h id e n t i f y
the n a t u r e o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g s t e p s to b e a c c o m p l i s h e d ,
and the r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n v a r i o u s s t e p s o f the p r o b l e m s o l v i n g r o u t in e ;
p la n s the f u l l r a n g e o f p r o g r a m m i n g a c t i o n s n e e d e d t o e f f i c i e n t l y u t i l i z e the
c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in a c h i e v i n g d e s i r e d end p r o d u c t s .

At th is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m i n g i s d i f f i c u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t
m u s t be o r g a n i z e d to p r o d u c e s e v e r a l i n t e r r e l a t e d but d i v e r s e p r o d u c t s f r o m
n u m e r o u s and d i v e r s e da ta e l e m e n t s .
A w id e v a r i e t y and e x t e n s i v e n u m b e r
o f internal p r o c e s s in g actions m ust o c c u r .
T h i s r e q u i r e s s u c h a c t i o n s as
d ev elop m en t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t io n s w hich can be r e u se d , esta b lish m e n t o f
lin k a g e p o in t s b e t w e e n o p e r a t i o n s , a d j u s t m e n t s t o data w hen p r o g r a m r e q u i r e ­
m e n t s e x c e e d c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , and s u b s t a n t ia l m a n i p u l a t i o n and
r e s e q u e n c i n g o f da ta e l e m e n t s to f o r m a h ig h ly i n t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .

M a y p r o v i d e f u n c t i o n a l d i r e c t i o n to l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s w ho a r e
a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

C la ss B.
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
r e l a t i v e l y s i m p l e p r o g r a m s , o r on s i m p l e s e g m e n t s o f c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a l l y p r o c e s s i n f o r m a t i o n to p r o d u c e data in tw o
or three v a ried sequen ces o r fo rm a ts.
R e p o r t s and l i s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y
r e f i n i n g , a d a p tin g , a r r a y i n g , o r m a k i n g m i n o r a d d it io n s to o r d e l e t i o n s f r o m
input data w h i c h a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e
p r o c e s s e d , the da ta h a v e b e e n r e f i n e d in p r i o r a c t i o n s so that the a c c u r a c y
and s e q u e n c i n g o f data c a n b e t e s t e d b y u s in g a f e w r o u t in e c h e c k s . T y p i c a l l y ,
the p r o g r a m d e a l s w ith r o u t in e r e c o r d k e e p i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
OR
W o r k s on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s (as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A ) u n d e r c l o s e
d ir e c tio n of a h igher le v e l p r o g r a m m e r or s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r
l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r b y in d e p e n d e n t ly p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d i f f i c u l t t a s k s a s s i g n e d ,
and p e r f o r m i n g m o r e d i f f i c u l t t a s k s u n d e r f a i r l y c l o s e d i r e c t i o n .
M a y g u id e o r i n s t r u c t l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s C.
M akes p r a c tic a l applications o f p r o g ra m m in g p r a c tic e s
and c o n c e p t s u s u a l l y l e a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a i n i n g c o u r s e s .
A ssig n m e n ts are
d e s i g n e d to d e v e l o p c o m p e t e n c e in the a p p l i c a t i o n o f s ta n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s to
r o u tin e p r o b l e m s . R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n on n e w a s p e c t s o f a s s i g n m e n t s ;
and w o r k i s r e v i e w e d t o v e r i f y it s a c c u r a c y and c o n f o r m a n c e with r e q u i r e d
procedure s .




For

wage

stu dy

purposes,

com pu ter

operators

are

cla ssified

as

follow s:
G l a s s A . O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n t l y , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n ,
a c o m p u t e r ru nn in g p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
N e w p r o g r a m s a r e f r e q u e n t l y t e s t e d and i n t r o d u c e d ; s c h e d u l i n g r e q u i r e m e n t s
a r e o f c r i t i c a l i m p o r t a n c e to m i n i m i z e d o w n t i m e ; th e p r o g r a m s a r e o f
c o m p l e x d e s i g n s o that i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o f t e n r e q u i r e s a w o r k i n g
k n o w l e d g e o f the t o t a l p r o g r a m , and a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y not be a v a i l a b l e .
M a y g i v e d i r e c t i o n and g u i d a n c e t o l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C la ss B .
O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n t l y , o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n ,
a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
M o s t o f th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b l i s h e d p r o d u c t i o n r u n s , t y p i c a l l y run on a
r e g u l a r l y r e c u r r i n g b a s i s ; t h e r e i s lit tle o r no t e s t i n g o f n e w p r o g r a m s
r e q u i r e d ; a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v i d e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m n e e d s
m a j o r c h a n g e o r c a n n o t b e c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b l y s h o r t t i m e .
In
c o m m o n e r r o r s i t u a t i o n s , d i a g n o s e s c a u s e and t a k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c t i o n .
T h is
u s u a l l y i n v o l v e s a p p ly in g p r e v i o u s l y p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u s in g
standard c o r r e c t i o n te ch n iq u e s .
OR
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v i s i o n a o o m p u t e r ru nn in g p r o g r a m s o r
s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s w ith the c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A .
May
a s s i s t a h igher l e v e l o p e r a t o r by independently p e r fo r m i n g l e s s difficu lt tasks
a s s i g n e d , and p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t t a s k s f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s and
w ith f r e q u e n t r e v i e w o f o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d .

expected
a b ility to
receiv ed
operator

C lass C .
W o r k s on ro u tin e p r o g r a m s u n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n .
Is
to d e v e l o p w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f the c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t u s e d and
d e t e c t p r o b l e m s i n v o l v e d in ru nn in g r o u t in e p r o g r a m s .
U s u a lly has
s o m e f o r m a l t r a i n i n g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t i o n . M a y a s s i s t h i g h e r l e v e l
on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .

DRAFTER
C lass A .
P l a n s the g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p l e x i t e m s h avin g
d i s t i n c t i v e d e s i g n f e a t u r e s that d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t i n g
preceden ts.
W o r k s in c l o s e s u p p o r t w ith the d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r , and m a y
r e c o m m e n d m in o r design ch a n g es.
A n a l y z e s the e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e on the
d e t a i l s o f f o r m , f u n c t i o n , and p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m p o n e n t s and p a r t s .
W o r k s w ith a m i n i m u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p l e t e d w o r k is
r e v i e w e d b y d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y with p r i o r e n g i n e e r i n g d e t e r ­
m inations.
M ay eith e r p r e p a r e d r aw in g s o r d ir e c t th e ir p r e p a ra tio n by lo w e r
level drafters.

DRA F TE R — Continued

E L E C T R O N IC S TECH NICIAN---- Continued

C l a s s B.
P e r f o r m s n o n r o u t in e and c o m p l e x d r a f t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s
that r e q u i r e the a p p l i c a t i o n o f m o s t o f the s t a n d a r d i z e d d r a w i n g t e c h n i q u e s
re gu la rly used.
D u t ie s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s u ch w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w orkin g
d r a w i n g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s with i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s , m u l t i p l e f u n c t i o n s , and
p r e c i s e p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s betw een co m p o n e n ts; p r e p a r e s a r c h ite c t u r a l
d r a w i n g s f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a i l d r a w i n g s o f f o u n ­
d a t i o n s , w a l l s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p l a n s , and r o o f .
U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s and
m a n u a l s in m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y c o m p u t a t i o n s to d e t e r m i n e q u a n tit ie s o f
m a t e r i a l s to be u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s , s t r e s s e s , e t c .
R eceiv es
i n it ia l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , and a d v i c e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C om pleted
w ork is ch e ck e d f o r te c h n ica l adequacy.

T h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c l u d e s r e p a i r e r s o f s uch sta n d a rd e l e c t r o n i c
e q u ip m e n t as c o m m o n o f f i c e m a c h i n e s and h o u s e h o l d r a d i o and t e l e v i s i o n
s e t s ; p r o d u c t i o n a s s e m b l e r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y duty i s
s e r v i c i n g e l e c t r o n i c t e s t i n s t r u m e n t s ; t e c h n i c i a n s w h o have a d m i n i s t r a t i v e
o r s u p e r v i s o r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s i g n e r s , and p r o f e s s i o n a l
en gineer s .

C l a s s C.
P r e p a r e s d e t a i l d r a w i n g s o f s in g le units o r p a r t s f o r
en gineering, c o n stru ctio n , m anufacturing, o r rep air p u rp o s e s .
Types of
d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s ( d e p i c t i n g t h r e e d i m e n s i o n s
in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) and s e c t i o n a l v i e w s to c l a r i f y p o s i t i o n i n g o f c o m p o n e n t s
and c o n v e y n e e d e d i n f o r m a t i o n .
C on solid a tes details fr o m a n u m ber of
s o u r c e s and a d j u s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e as r e q u i r e d .
Suggested m e th o d s of
a p p r o a c h , a p p l i c a b l e p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v i c e o n s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n
with i n it ia l a s s i g n m e n t s .
I n s t r u c t i o n s a r e l e s s c o m p l e t e w hen a s s i g n m e n t s
recur.
W o r k m a y be s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .

P osition s
d e fin ition s.

are

classified

in to

levels

on

the

b a s i s o f the f o l l o w i n g

C l a s s A . A p p l i e s a d v a n c e d t e c h n i c a l k n o w l e d g e to s o l v e u n u s u a lly
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , t h o s e that t y p i c a l l y ca n n o t be s o l v e d s o l e l y b y r e f e r ­
e n c e to m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a l s o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k i n g on e l e c ­
tr o n ic equipm ent.
E x a m p l e s o f s u c h p r o b l e m s in c l u d e l o c a t i o n and d e n s i t y o f
c i r c u i t r y , e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c r a d i a t i o n , i s o l a t i n g m a l f u n c t i o n s , and f r e q u e n t
en gineering ch anges.
W ork in volves:
A d e t a i l e d u n d e r s t a n d in g o f the i n t e r ­
r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g in d e p e n d e n t ju d g m e n t in p e r f o r m i n g s u ch
t a s k s as m a k i n g c i r c u i t a n a l y s e s , c a l c u l a t i n g w a v e f o r m s , t r a c i n g r e l a t i o n ­
s h ip s in s i g n a l f l o w ; and r e g u l a r l y u s in g c o m p l e x t e s t i n s t r u m e n t s ( e . g . , du a l
t r a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , deviation m e t e r s , pulse g e n e r a to r s ).

W o r k m a y b e r e v i e w e d b y s u p e r v i s o r ( f r e q u e n t l y an e n g i n e e r o r
d e s i g n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p l i a n c e with a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s .
May p r o v id e
t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e to l o w e r l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n s .

D R A F T E R -T R A C E R

C o p i e s p la n s and d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c i n g t r a c i n g
clo t h o r p a p e r o v e r d r a w i n g s and t r a c i n g with pen o r p e n c i l .
( D o e s not
i n c lu d e t r a c i n g l i m i t e d to p la n s p r i m a r i l y c o n s i s t i n g o f s t r a ig h t li n e s and a
l a r g e s c a l e not r e q u i r i n g c l o s e d e l i n e a t i o n . )
A N D /O R
P r e p a r e s sim p le o r rep etitive draw in gs of e a s ily v is u a liz e d it e m s .
W o r k i s c l o s e l y s u p e r v i s e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .

C la s s B.
A p p l i e s c o m p r e h e n s i v e t e c h n i c a l k n o w l e d g e to s o l v e c o m ­
p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , t h o s e that t y p i c a l l y c a n be s o l v e d s o l e l y by p r o p e r l y
i n t e r p r e t i n g m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a l s o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k i n g on
e le c t r o n ic equipm ent.
W ork in vo lve s:
A f a m i l i a r i t y with the i n t e r r e l a t i o n ­
s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; and j u d g m e n t in d e t e r m i n i n g w o r k s e q u e n c e and in s e l e c t i n g
t o o l s and t e s t i n g i n s t r u m e n t s , u s u a l l y l e s s c o m p l e x than t h o s e u s e d b y the
c la s s A tech n ician .
R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l g u i d a n c e , as r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n , and w o r k is r e v i e w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p l i a n c e with a c c e p t e d
p r a c t i c e s and w o r k a s s i g n m e n t s .
M a y p r o v i d e t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e to l o w e r
le v e l techn icians.

E L E C T R O N IC S TEC HNICIAN

W o r k s on v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t and r e l a t e d d e v i c e s
by p e r f o r m i n g on e o r a c o m b i n a t i o n o f the f o l l o w i n g :
I n s t a llin g , m a in t a in in g ,
r e p a i r i n g , o v e r h a u l i n g , t r o u b l e s h o o t i n g , m o d i f y i n g , c o n s t r u c t i n g , and t e s t i n g .
W ork r e q u ir e s p r a c t ic a l app lication of tec h n ica l knowledge of e le c t r o n ic s
p r i n c i p l e s , a b ilit y to d e t e r m i n e m a l f u n c t i o n s , and s k i l l to put e q u ip m e n t in
re q u ired operatin g con dition.

T h e e q u ip m e n t — c o n s i s t i n g o f e i t h e r m a n y d i f f e r e n t kin ds o f c i r c u i t s
o r m u l t i p l e r e p e t i t i o n o f the s a m e kind o f c i r c u i t — i n c l u d e s , but i s not l i m i t e d
to , the f o l l o w i n g :
(a) E l e c t r o n i c t r a n s m i t t i n g and r e c e i v i n g e q u ip m e n t ( e . g . ,
r a d a r , r a d i o , t e l e v i s i o n , t e l e p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v i g a t i o n a l a i d s ) , (b) d ig it a l and
a n a lo g c o m p u t e r s , and (c) i n d u s t r i a l and m e d i c a l m e a s u r i n g and c o n t r o l l i n g
e q u ip m e n t.




C l a s s C . A p p l i e s w o r k i n g t e c h n i c a l k n o w l e d g e to p e r f o r m s i m p l e o r
r o u t in e t a s k s in w o r k i n g o n e l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t , f o l l o w i n g d e t a ile d i n s t r u c ­
t i o n s w h i c h c o v e r v i r t u a l l y a ll p r o c e d u r e s .
W o r k t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s such
tasks as:
A s s i s t i n g h ig h e r l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n s b y p e r f o r m i n g s uch a c t i v i t i e s as
r e p l a c i n g c o m p o n e n t s , w i r i n g c i r c u i t s , and ta kin g t e s t r e a d i n g s ; r e p a i r i n g
s i m p l e e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t ; and u s in g t o o l s and c o m m o n te s t i n s t r u m e n t s
( e . g . , m u l t i m e t e r s , a u d io s i g n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tube t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) .
Is not r e q u i r e d t o be f a m i l i a r w ith the i n t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s .
T h is
k n o w l e d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y be a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a s s i g n m e n t s d e s i g n e d to
i n c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e ( i n c lu d in g c l a s s r o o m
tr a i n in g ) so that w o r k e r can
a d v a n c e to h i g h e r l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n .
R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l g u i d a n c e , a s r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h ig h e r
le v e l techn ician.
W o r k is t y p i c a l l y s po t c h e c k e d , but i s g iv e n d e t a ile d r e v i e w
when n ew o r advan ced a s sig n m e n t s are in v olv ed .

R E G I S T E R E D I N D U S T R I A L NURSE

R E G I S T E R E D I N D U S T R I A L N U RSE— C o n tin u e d

A r e g i s t e r e d n u rse who g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v i c e under g e n e r a l m e d ic a l
d i r e c t i o n to i l l o r i n j u r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e i l l o r
s u f f e r an a c c i d e n t on the p r e m i s e s o f a f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
D u t ie s i n v o l v e a c o m b i n a t i o n o f the f o l l o w i n g : G iv in g f i r s t aid to the i l l o r
i n j u r e d ; a tte n d in g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g
r e c o r d s o f p a t ie n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c i d e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t i o n o r

o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t i o n s and healt h e v a lu a t io n s o f
a p p l i c a n t s and e m p l o y e e s ; and pla n n in g and c a r r y i n g out p r o g r a m s in v o l v i n g
h ealt h e d u c a t i o n , a c c i d e n t p r e v e n t i o n , e v a l u a t i o n o f plant e n v i r o n m e n t , o r
o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g the h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , and s a f e t y o f a ll p e r s o n n e l .
N u r s i n g s u p e r v i s o r s o r h e ad n u r s e s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than
one n u rse are exclu d ed .

MAINTENANCE, TOOLROOM, AND POWERPLANT
M A IN TEN AN CE C A R P E N T E R

M A IN T E N A N C E MACHINIST

P e r f o r m s the c a r p e n t r y d u t ie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t and m a in t a in
in g o o d r e p a i r b u il d in g w o o d w o r k and e q u ip m e n t s u ch a s b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s ,
b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d
in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g ;
P la n n in g and
la y in g out o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ;
u s in g a v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r ' s h a n d t o o l s , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , and s ta n d a r d
m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g s ta n d a r d s ho p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to d i m e n ­
s i o n s o f w o r k ; and s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s s a r y f o r th e w o r k .
In g e n e r a l ,
th e w o r k o f the m a i n t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g and e x p e r i ­
e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g
and e x p e r i e n c e .

P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t s and n e w p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f
m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W ork
i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : I n t e r p r e t i n g w r i t t e n i n s t r u c t i o n s and s p e c i ­
f i c a t i o n s ; pla n n in g and l a y in g out o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t ' s
h a n d t o o l s and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e tt in g up and o p e r a t i n g
s t a n d a r d m a c h i n e t o o l s ; sh a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k i n g
s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to d i m e n s i o n s o f w o r k , t o o l i n g , f e e d s ,
and s p e e d s o f m a c h i n i n g ; k n o w l e d g e o f the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f the c o m m o n
m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s ta n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , and e q u ip m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r th is
w o r k ; and fit tin g and a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t . In g e n e r a l ,
th e m a c h i n i s t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p
p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN TEN AN CE E L E C T R IC IA N
M A IN T E N A N C E M ECHANIC (M achin ery)
R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l e q u i p m e n t o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : E x a m i n i n g m a c h i n e s and m e c h a n i c a l
e q u i p m e n t to d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s m a n t l i n g o r p a r t l y d i s m a n t l i n g
m a c h i n e s and p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s that m a i n l y i n v o l v e the u s e o f h a n d t o o ls in
s c r a p i n g and fitt in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s with i t e m s
o b t a in e d f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g the p r o d u c t i o n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p a s t b y a
m a c h i n e s h o p o r s e n d in g the m a c h i n e to a m a c h i n e s h o p f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ;
p r e p a r i n g w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s o r f o r the p r o d u c t i o n o f
p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h i n e s h o p s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h i n e s ; and m a k i n g a ll
n e c e s s a r y adjustm ents fo r o p eration .
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f a m a c h i n e r y
m aintenance m e ch a n ic r e q u ir e s
r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y
a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n in g and e x p e r i ­
ence.
E x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u tie s
i n v o l v e s e tt in g up o r a d j u s t i n g m a c h i n e s .

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e f u n c t i o n s s u ch a s the i n s t a l ­
la ti o n , m a i n t e n a n c e , o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r the g e n e r a t i o n , d i s t r i b u t i o n ,
o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W ork in volves m o s t
o f the f o l l o w i n g :
I n s t a llin g o r r e p a i r i n g any o f a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u i p ­
m e n t s u ch as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e atin g u n it s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n
equipm ent; w ork in g f r o m b lu e p rin ts, d r a w in g s , layouts, o r oth er s p e c i f i ­
c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g and d i a g n o s i n g t r o u b l e in the e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u i p ­
m e n t ; w o r k i n g s ta n d a r d c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to lo a d r e q u i r e m e n t s o f w i r i n g
o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u i p m e n t ; and u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n ' s h a n d t o o ls and
m e a s u r i n g and t e s t i n g i n s t r u m e n t s .
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a i n t e n a n c e
e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN TE N A N C E M ECH ANIC (M otor V e h icle s )

M A IN TEN AN CE PAIN TER

R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i l e s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : E x a m i n i n g a u t o m o t i v e e q u i p ­
m e n t to d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t and p e r f o r m i n g
r e p a i r s that i n v o l v e the u s e o f s u c h h a n d t o o ls as w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r i l l s ,
o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u i p m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r fitt in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n
o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r i n d i n g and a d j u s t i n g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g and
i n s t a l l i n g the v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c l e and m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t ­
m e n t s ; and a lig n in g w h e e l s , a d j u s t i n g b r a k e s and lig h t s , o r tig h t e n in g b o d y
bo-lts.
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f th e m o t o r v e h i c l e m a i n t e n a n c e m e c h a n i c
r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , and f i x t u r e s o f an e s t a b ­
lish m en t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s the f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l e d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s
and t y p e s o f paint r e q u i r e d f o r d i f f e r e n t a p p l i c a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r
p a in tin g b y r e m o v i n g o l d f i n i s h o r b y p l a c i n g putty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o l e s and
i n t e r s t i c e s ; and a p p ly in g pa in t w ith s p r a y gun o r b r u s h .
May m ix c o lo r s ,
o i l s , w hite le a d , and o t h e r paint i n g r e d i e n t s to ob ta in p r o p e r c o l o r o r
c o n s i s t e n c y . In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f th e m a i n t e n a n c e p a in t e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d
t r a i n in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .




36

M A IN TE N A N C E M ECH ANIC (M otor V eh icles)— Continued

M A C H IN E -T O O L O PER AT O R (T oolroom )

T h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s not in c lu d e m e c h a n i c s w h o r e p a i r c u s t o m e r s '
v e h i c l e s in a u t o m o b i l e r e p a i r s h o p s .

S p e c i a l i z e s in the o p e r a t i o n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h i n e t o o l s ,
s u c h as j i g b o r e r s , c y l i n d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s ; e n g in e l a t h e s ; o r m i l l i n g
m a c h i n e s , in the c o n s t r u c t i o n o f m a c h i n e - s h o p t o o l s , g a u g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s ,
or dies.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P la n nin g and p e r f o r m i n g
d i f f i c u l t m a c h i n i n g o p e r a t i o n s ; p r o c e s s i n g i t e m s r e q u i r i n g c o m p l i c a t e d se tu p s
o r a high d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u ­
m e n t s ; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s , s p e e d s , t o o l i n g , and o p e r a t i o n s e q u e n c e ; and m a k in g
n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t i o n t o a c h i e v e r e q u i s i t e t o l e r a n c e s o r
d im en sion s.
M a y b e r e q u i r e d to r e c o g n i z e w hen t o o l s n e e d d r e s s i n g , to
d r e s s t o o l s , and to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o l a n t s and cu ttin g and l u b r i c a t i n g o i l s .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s ( t o o l r o o m )
in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g s h o p s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

M AIN TEN AN CE P IP E F IT T E R
I n s t a lls o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r t y p e s o f pip e and
p i p e fi t t in g s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : L a y in g
out w o r k and m e a s u r i n g to l o c a t e p o s i t i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w i n g s o r o t h e r
w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; cu tt in g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e to c o r r e c t le n gth s with
c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t i n g m a c h i n e s ; t h r e a d in g
pip e w ith s t o c k s and d i e s ; b e n d in g pip e b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n
m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g pip e w ith c o u p l i n g s and f a s t e n in g pip e to h a n g e r s ;
m a k in g s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to p r e s s u r e s , f l o w , and s i z e o f
pip e r e q u i r e d ; and m a k i n g s ta n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r f in is h e d p i p e s
m eet specification s.
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a i n t e n a n c e p i p e f i t t e r
r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
W orkers prim arily
e n g a g e d in i n s t a l l i n g and r e p a i r i n g b u ild in g s a n ita tio n o r h e atin g s y s t e m s
are e x c lu d e d .
M A IN TEN AN CE S H E E T -M E T A L WORKER
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , and m a i n t a i n s in g o o d r e p a i r the s h e e t - m e t a l
e q u ip m e n t and f i x t u r e s ( s u c h as m a c h i n e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s ,
l o c k e r s , ta n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e t a l r o o f i n g ) o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g and la yin g out a l l t y p e s o f
s h e e t -m e ta l m ain ten ance w ork fr o m blu ep rin ts, m o d e ls , o r oth er s p e c i f i ­
c a t i o n s ; se ttin g up and o p e r a t i n g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k i n g
m a c h i n e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d t o o ls in c u tt in g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , sh a p in g ,
fittin g, and a s s e m b l i n g ; and in s t a l l i n g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s as r e q u i r e d .
In
g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a i n t e n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
t r a i n in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M ILLW RIGH T
I n s t a l l s n e w m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u i p m e n t , and d i s m a n t l e s and
i n s t a l l s m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w hen c h a n g e s in the plant la yo u t a r e
requ ired.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g and la yin g out
w o r k ; i n t e r p r e t i n g b l u e p r i n t s o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f h an dt o o l s and r i g g i n g ; m a k i n g s ta n d a r d s ho p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e la t in g to s t r e s s e s ,
s tr e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; a lig n in g and b a la n c in g e q u i p ­
m e n t ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t , and p a r t s to be u s e d ; and i n s t a llin g
and m a in t a in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t s u ch as d r i v e s
and s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , the m i l l w r i g h t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a
r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e in the t r a d e a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E TR A D E S H E L P E R
A s s i s t s on e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s , b y
p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c o r g e n e r a l d u t ie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s uch as k e e p in g a
w o r k e r s u p p lie d with m a t e r i a l s and t o o l s ; c l e a n i n g w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h i n e ,
and e q u i p m e n t ; a s s i s t i n g j o u r n e y m a n by h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r t o o l s ; and p e r ­
f o r m i n g o t h e r u n s k i l l e d t a s k s as d i r e c t e d by j o u r n e y m a n .
T h e kind o f w o r k
the h e l p e r i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e :
In s o m e
t r a d e s the h e l p e r i s c o n f i n e d to s u p p ly in g , lif tin g , and h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s and
t o o l s , and c l e a n i n g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; and in o t h e r s he i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m
s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e that a r e a l s o p e r f o r m e d
b y w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .




T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
C o n s t r u c t s and r e p a i r s m a c h i n e - s h o p t o o l s , g a u g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s
o r d i e s f o r f o r g i n g s , p u n c h in g , and o t h e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W ork
i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g and la y in g out w o r k a c c o r d i n g to
m o d e l s , b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , o r o t h e r o r a l and w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u sin g
a v a r i e t y o f t o o l and die m a k e r ' s h a n d t o o ls and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u ­
m e n t s ; u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s and a l l o y s ;
s e tt in g up and o p e r a t i n g o f m a c h i n e t o o l s and r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t ; m a k in g
n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to d i m e n s i o n s o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s ,
and t o o l i n g o f m a c h i n e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r i c a t i o n as
w e l l as o f f i n i s h e d t o o l s and d i e s to a c h i e v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o r k i n g to
c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; fitt in g and a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s
and a l l o w a n c e s ; and s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r i a t e m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , and p r o c e s s e s .
In g e n e r a l , the t o o l and d ie m a k e r ' s w o r k r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d t r a i n i n g in
m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m
p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , t o o l and die m a k e r s in
t o o l and d ie j o b b i n g s h o p s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

S T A T IO N A R Y ENGINEER
O p e r a t e s and m a i n t a i n s and m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e the o p e r a t i o n o f
s t a t i o n a r y e n g i n e s and e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p p ly the
e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h i c h e m p l o y e d with p o w e r , heat, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r con ditionin g.
W ork in v o lv e s:
O p e r a t in g and m a in t a in in g e q u ip m e n t s uch as
s t e a m e n g i n e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n tila t in g
and r e f r i g e r a t i n g e q u i p m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ;
m a k in g e q u i p m e n t r e p a i r s ; and k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t i o n o f m a c h i n e r y ,
t e m p e r a t u r e , and f u e l c o n s u m p t i o n .
May a ls o s u p e rv is e these o p e r a tio n s .
H ead o r c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than o n e e n g i n e e r
are exclu ded.

BO ILER TEN DE R
F ires
s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n i s h the e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ich
e m p l o y e d with h eat, p o w e r , o r s t e a m .
F e e d s f u e l s to f i r e b y hand o r
o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n i c a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; and c h e c k s w a t e r and
safety v a lv e s .
M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t .

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
TR U C K DR IV E R

W A R E H O U S E M A N ----C o n tin u e d

D r i v e s a t r u c k w ithin a c i t y o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e ­
r i a l s , m e r c h a n d is e , equipm en t, o r w o r k e r s betw een v a rio u s types of e s ta b ­
lish m en ts such as:
M a n u f a c t u r in g p la n t s , f r e i g h t d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e ­
s a le and r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e t w e e n r e t a i l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k with
o r w it h ou t h e l p e r s , m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p t r u c k in g o o d
w o r k i n g order.
S a l e s - r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e e x c l u d e d .

E x c l u d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u t ie s i n v o l v e s h ip pin g and r e c e i v i n g
w o r k ( s e e Sh ip pin g and R e c e i v i n g C l e r k and Shipping P a c k e r ) , o r d e r f i l l i n g
( se e O rd e r F il le r ) , or operating p ow er tru ck s (se e P o w e r - T r u c k O p e r a t o r ).

ORDER FILLER
F i l l s sh ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f i n i s h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d
m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d a n c e with s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r other in stru ctio n s.
M a y , in a d d itio n to f i l l i n g o r d e r s and i n d i ­
c a t i n g i t e m s f i l l e d o r o m i t t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i s i t i o n
a d d i t i o n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p l i e s to s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m o t h e r
rela ted duties.

F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d by s i z e and
ty pe o f e q u i p m e n t , a s f o l l o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld be r a t e d on the b a s i s
o f tr a ile r capacity.)
T r u c k d r i v e r , ligh t t r u c k ( u n d e r 1'/a to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d i u m t r u c k (1 V2 to and i n c lu d in g 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y t r u c k ( t r a i l e r ) ( o v e r 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y t r u c k ( o t h e r than t r a i l e r ) ( o v e r 4 t o n s )

S H IP P IN G P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s f i n i s h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e by p l a c i n g t h e m
in ship pin g c o n t a i n e r s , the s p e c i f i c o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t upon
the t y p e , s i z e , and n u m b e r o f units to be p a c k e d , the ty p e o f c o n t a i n e r
e m p l o y e d , and m e t h o d o f s h ip m e n t .
W o r k r e q u i r e s the p la c i n g o f i t e m s in
s h ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s and m a y i n v o l v e o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l e d g e
o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y c o n t e n t ; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e
ty pe and s i z e o f c o n t a i n e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u sin g e x c e l s i o r
o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g and s e a l i n g c o n ­
t a i n e r ; and a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r i n g i d e n t i f y i n g da ta on c o n t a i n e r .
Packers
who a lso m ake w ooden b o x e s o r c r a t e s a re exclu ded.

SH IPP IN G A N D R E C E I V I N G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h ip m e n t , o r r e c e i v e s and i s r e s p o n s i b l e
fo r in co m in g shipm ents o f m e r c h a n d is e o r other m a t e r ia ls .
Sh ip pin g w o r k
in volves:
A k n o w l e d g e o f sh ip p in g p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a i l a b l e
m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , and r a t e s ; and p r e p a r i n g r e c o r d s o f the g o o d s
s h ip p e d , m a k i n g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s t i n g w e ig h t and s h ip pin g c h a r g e s , and
k e e p in g a file o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s .
M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g the
m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h ip m e n t .
R eceiv in g w ork in v o lv e s :
V erifying o r directin g
o t h e r s in v e r i f y i n g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f s h i p m e n t s a g a in st b i l l s o f la din g,
i n v o i c e s , o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k i n g f o r s h o r t a g e s and r e j e c t i n g d a m a g e d
g o o d s ; r o u tin g m e r c h a n d i s e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; and m a i n ­
ta in in g n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and f i l e s .
F or wage

stu dy p u r p o s e s ,

w orkers

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G L A B O R E R
A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g plant, s t o r e , o r
o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t w h o s e d u t ie s i n v o l v e o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g :
L o a d in g and u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s and m e r c h a n d i s e on o r f r o m f r e i g h t
c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k i n g , s h e l v i n g , o r p la c i n g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r
s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n ; and t r a n s p o r t i n g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e by h a n d t r u c k , c a r , o r w h e e l b a r r o w .
Longshore
w o r k e r s , who lo a d and u n lo a d s h i p s , a r e e x c l u d e d .

a re c l a s s ifi e d as fo llo w s :

Sh ip pin g c l e r k
R eceiving clerk
Sh ip pin g and r e c e i v i n g c l e r k

WAREHOUSEMAN
P O W E R -T R U C K O PE R A TO R
A s d i r e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f w a r e h o u s i n g d u tie s w h ich r e q u i r e
an u n d e r s t a n d in g o f the e s t a b l i s h m e n t ' s s t o r a g e p l a n .
Work in v olv es m o s t
o f the f o l l o w i n g : V e r i f y i n g m a t e r i a l s ( o r m e r c h a n d i s e ) a g a in s t r e c e i v i n g
d o c u m e n t s , n o tin g and r e p o r t i n g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and o b v i o u s d a m a g e s ; ro u tin g
m a t e r i a l s to p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n s ; s t o r i n g , s t a c k in g , o r p a l l e t i z i n g
m a t e r i a l s in a c c o r d a n c e with p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m e t h o d s ; r e a r r a n g i n g and
t a k i n g i n v e n t o r y o f s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s ; e x a m i n i n g s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s and
r e p o r t i n g d e t e r i o r a t i o n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s t o r a g e and
p r e p a r i n g it f o r s h ip m e n t .
Ma y o p e r a t e hand o r p o w e r t r u c k s in p e r f o r m i n g
w a r e h o u s i n g d u tie s .




O p era tes a m an ually c o n tr o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d truck
o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t g o o d s and m a t e r i a l s o f a l l kin ds about a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t, o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t .

truck,

F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s
as fo llo w s :

a r e c l a s s i f i e d by ty pe o f p o w e r -

F ork lift op erator
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r ( o t h e r than f o r k l i f t )

38

GUARD AND W ATCH M AN

J A N I T O R , P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R

G uard.
P e r f o r m s r o u t in e p o l i c e d u t i e s , e i t h e r at f i x e d p o s t o r on
t o u r , m a i n t a i n i n g o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
In cludes
g u a r d s w h o a r e s t a t io n e d at ga te and c h e c k o n id e n t i t y o f e m p l o y e e s and
other p erson s en terin g .

C l e a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d i t i o n f a c t o r y w o r k i n g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l
o r other establish m en t.
D u t ie s i n v o l v e a c o m b i n a t i o n o f the f o l l o w i n g :
S w e e p i n g , m o p p i n g o r s c r u b b i n g , and p o l i s h i n g f l o o r s ; r e m o v i n g c h i p s , t r a s h ,
and o t h e r r e f u s e ; d u s tin g e q u i p m e n t , f u r n i t u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o l i s h i n g m e t a l
f i x t u r e s o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v i d i n g s u p p l i e s and m i n o r m a i n t e n a n c e s e r v i c e s ;
and c l e a n i n g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s who s p e c i a l i z e
in w i n d o w w a s h i n g a r e e x c l u d e d .

W atchm an.
M akes rounds of p r e m is e s
p r o p e r t y a g a in s t f i r e , t h e f t , and i l l e g a l e n t r y .




p eriod ically

in

protecting

39

Available On RequestThe fo llo w in g a r e a s a r e s u r v e y e d p e r io d ic a lly fo r u s e in a d m in is te r in g the S e r v ic e C o n tra ct A c t
a v a ila b le at no c o s t fr o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l o f fi c e s show n on the b a ck c o v e r .
A la s k a
A lb a n y , Ga.
A lb u q u e rq u e , N. M ex.
A le x a n d r ia , La.
A lp e n a , Stan d ish , and T a w as C ity, M ich .
Ann A r b o r , M ich .
A s h e v ille , N .C .
A tla n tic C ity , N.J.
A u g u sta , G a.—S.C .
B a k e r s fie ld , C a lif.
Baton R o u g e , La.
B a ttle C r e e k , M ich .
B eaum ont—P o r t A r th u r ^ O r a n g e , T e x .
B ilo x i— u lfp o rt and P a s c a g o u la , M is s .
G
B o is e C ity , Idaho
B r e m e r t o n , W ash.
B r id g e p o r t , N o rw a lk , and S ta m fo r d , Conn.
B r u n s w ic k , Ga.
B u rlin g to n , Vt.—N .Y .
C ape C o d , M a ss.
C e d a r R a p id s , Iow a
C h am paign—U rbana— antoul, 111.
R
C h a r le s to n , S.C .
C h a rlo tte — a sto n ia , N .C .
G
C h e ye n n e , W yo.
C la r k s v ille —H o p k in s v ille , T enn.—
Ky.
C o lo r a d o S p r in g s , C o lo .
C o lu m b ia , S.C .
C o lu m b u s , G a.— la .
A
C o lu m b u s , M is s .
C r a n e , Ind.
D e ca tu r, 111.
D es M o in e s , Iowa
D othan, A la .
Duluth—S u p e r io r , M inn.—W is.
E l P a s o , T e x ., and A la m o g o r d o —L as C r u c e s , N. M ex.
Eugene—S p r in g fie ld , O re g .
F a y e tt e v ille , N.C.
F itc h b u r g —L e o m in s t e r , M a s s .
F o r t Sm ith, A r k .—O kla.
F o r t W ayne, Ind.
F r e d e r i c k — a g e r s to w n , M d.— h a m b e r s b u r g , P a .—
H
C
M a r tin s b u r g , W. V a.
G ad sd en and A n n is to n , A la .
G o ld s b o r o , N .C .
G rand Isla n d — a stin gs, N e b r.
H
G re a t F a lls , M ont.
G uam , T e r r i t o r y o f
H a r ris b u r g —L eb an on , Pa.
Huntington— sh la n d , W. V a.— y.— hio
A
K
O
K n o x v ille , Tenn.
La C r o s s e , W is.
L a red o, T ex.
L a s V e g a s , Nev.
Law ton, O kla.
L im a , O hio
L ittle R o c k — orth L ittle R o c k , A r k .
N

of

1965.

S u rv e y r e s u lts a r e p u b lish ed

in r e le a s e s w h ich , w h ile su p p lies

la s t,

a r e o r w ill be

L o g a n s p o rt—P e r u , Ind.
L o ra in — ly r ia , O hio
E
L o w e r E a s te r n S h o r e , M d.—V a.— e l.
D
L y n ch b u rg , Va.
M a co n , Ga.
M a d iso n , W is.
M a n s fie ld , O hio
M a rq u e tte , E s ca n a b a , Sault Ste. M a r ie , M ich .
M cA lle n —P h a rx^ E d in b u rg and B r o w n s v ille —
H arlin gen —San B e n ito , T e x .
M e d fo rd — lam ath F a lls — ra n ts P a s s , O re g .
K
G
M e r id ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , M onm outh, and O cea n C o s ., N .J.
M o b ile and P e n s a c o la , A la .—F la .
M o n tg o m e r y , A la.
N a s h v ille —D a v id so n , Tenn.
New B ern —J a c k s o n v ille , N .C .
N ew London—N o rw ich , C onn.—R .I.
N orth D akota, State o f
O rla n d o , F la .
O x n a r d —S i m i V a l l e y —V e n t u r a ,

C a lif.

P a nam a C ity , F la .
P a r k e r s b u r g — a r ie tta , W. V a.— hio
M
O
P e o r ia , III.
P h o e n ix , A r iz .
P in e B lu ff, A r k .
P o c a t e llo —
Idaho F a lls , Idaho
P o r ts m o u th , N .H.—M aine—M a s s .
P u e b lo , C o lo .
P u e rto R ic o
R e n o , N ev.
R ich la n d — en n ew ick—W alla W alla—
K
P e n d le to n , W ash.—O re g .
R iv e r side—San B e r n a rd in o — n ta rio, C a lif.
O
Salin a, K an s.
S alinas— e a s id e —M o n te r e y , C a lif.
S
Sandusky, O hio
Santa B a rb a r a —
Santa M a ria —L o m p o c , C a lif.
Savannah, Ga.
S e lm a , A la .
Sherm an—D e n is o n , T e x .
S h r e v e p o rt, La.
S iou x F a lls , S. Dak.
S pok ane, W ash.
S p r in g fie ld , 111.
S p rin g fie ld — h ic o p e e — o ly ok e, M a s s .— on n.
C
H
C
S to ck to n , C a lif.
T a c o m a , W ash.
Tam pa—St. P e t e r s b u r g , F la .
T o p e k a , K ans.
T u c s o n , A r iz .
T u ls a , O kla.
V a ll e jo - F a ir f ie l d —N apa, C a lif.
W aco and K ille e n —T e m p le , T ex .
W a te r lo o — e d a r F a ll s , Iow a
C
W est T e x a s P la in s
W ilm in gto n , D e l.—N .J.—M d.

An annual r e p o r t on s a la r ie s f o r a c c o u n ta n ts , a u d it o r s , c h ie f a c c o u n ta n ts , a t t o r n e y s , jo b a n a ly s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l, b u y e r s , c h e m is t s , e n g in e e r s , e n g in e e r in g te c h n ic ia n s , d r a f t e r s , and
c le r i c a l e m p lo y e e s is a v a ila b le .
O rd e r as B L S B u lle tin 1891, N ation a l S u rvey o f P r o f e s s io n a l. A d m in is t r a tiv e . T e c h n ic a l, and C l e r i c a l P a y , M a rch 197 5. $ 1 .3 0 a c o p y , f r o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l sa le s
o f fi c e s show n on the b a ck c o v e r , o r fr o m the S u p erintenden t o f D o cu m e n ts , U.S. G ov e rn m e n t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington, D .C . 20402.




Area Wage Surveys
A list o f the latest available bulletins is p resen ted below . A d ir e cto ry of a rea wage studies including m o re lim ited studies conducted at the request ot tne
Em ploym ent Standards A dm in istration of the U.S. Departm ent of L a b or is available on requ est. Bulletins m ay be pu rch ased fro m any o f the BLS regional o ffic e s shown
on the back c o v e r o r fr o m the Superintendent o f D ocum ents, U.S. G overnm ent P rinting O ffice , W ashington, D .C. 20402
A re a
Akron, Ohio, D e c. 1975____________________________________________
Albany^-Schenectady—T r o y, N.Y ., Sept. 1976_____________________
Anaheim—
Santa An a-G arden Grove, Ca lif., Oct. 19751___________
Atlanta, Ga., May 1976___________________________________________
Austin, Te x., Dec. 19751 _________________________________________
B alt im ore, Md., Aug. 1976________________________________________
Billings , Mont., July 1976_________________________________________
Binghamton, N . Y ^ P a . , July 1976 1________________________________
Birmingham, Ala., M ar. 19761____________________________________
Boston, M a s s ., Aug. 1976_________________________________________
Buffalo, N.Y ., Oct. 19751__________________________________________
Canton, Ohio, May 1976___________________________________________
Chattanooga, Tenn.—
Ga., Sept. 1976_______________________________
Ch icago, III., May 1976____________________________________________
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—
Ind., M ar. 1976____________________________
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1975_______________________________________
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 19751 ______________________________________
Corpus Ch risti, T ex ., July 1976__________________________________
D a lla s -F o r t Worth, Te x., Oct. 19751 ____________________________
Davenport— o ck Island—
R
Moline, Iowa-Ill., Fe b . 1976____________
Dayton, Ohio, D ec. 1975___________________________________________
Daytona Beach, F la ., Aug. 1976___________________________________
Denver—
Boulder, C o lo ., D ec. 1975________________________________
Detroit, Mich., M ar. 19761
________________________________________
F o r t Lauderdale—
Hollywood and West Palm Beach-B o ca Raton, F la ., Apr. 1976_____________________________________
F r e s n o , Ca lif., June 1976_________________________________________
Gainesville, F la ., Sept. 1976______________________________________
Green Bay, W is ., July 1976_______________________________________
G re e n sb o ro — in ston-S alem —
W
High Point, N.C., Aug. 1976_______
G reen ville—
Spartanburg, S.C., June 1976 1_______________________
Hartford, Conn., Mar. 1976_______________________________________
Houston, Tex ., A p r . 1976__________________________________________
Huntsville, Ala., F e b . 1976 _______________________________________
Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1976______________________________________
Jackson, M is s . , F e b . 1976_________________________________________
Jack sonvil le, F la ., D ec. 1975_____________________________________
Kansas City, Mo.—
Kans., Sept. 1976*____________________________
Lexington—
Fayette, K y., Nov. 19751______________________________
Los An geles—Long Beach, Calif., Oct. 1975 1 ____________________
Lou is ville , Ky.—Ind., Nov. 1975___________________________________
Melbourne—
Titusville— ocoa , Fla ., Aug. 1975___________________
C
Memphis, Tenn.—
Ark ,— is s ., Nov. 1975__________________________
M

*

P r i c e s a r e d e t e r m i n e d b y t h e G o v e r n m e n t P r in t i n g O f f i c e a n d a r e s u b j e c t t o c h a n g e .

1

D a t a o n e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v is io n s a r e a l s o p r e s e n t e d .




Bulletin num ber
and p r ic e *
1850-80,
1900-59,
1850-75,
1900-30,
1850-83,
1900-52,
1900-39,
1900-49,
1900-11,
1900-53,
1850-69,
1900-28,
1900-57,
1900-32,
1900-7,
1850-64,
1850-78,
1900-41,
1850-59,
1900-25,
1850-73,
1900-45,
1850-82,
1900- 15,

45 cents
55 cents
85 cents
85 cents
75 cents
85 cents
55 cents
85 cents
95 cents
85 cents
95 cents
55 cents
55 cents
$1.05
75 cents
$1.30
95 cents
55 cents
$1.50
55 cents
45 cents
45 cents
75 cents
$1.25

1900-20,
1900-29,
1900-54,
1900-37,
1900-47,
1900-36,
1900-14,
1900-26,
1900- 17,
1900-58,
1900-8,
1850-81,
1900-60,
1850-84,
1850-86,
1850-79,
1850-54,
1850-85,

55 cents
55 cents
45 cents
55 cents
65 cents
85 cents
55 cents
85 cents
55 cents
75 cents
55 cents
45 cents
$ 1.05
75 cents
$1 .15
45 cents
65 cents
45 cents

A re a
Mia m i, Fla ., Oct. 1975____________________________________________
Milwaukee, W is ., A pr. 1976______________________________________
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn.—
Wis ., Jan. 1976____________________
Nassau-Suffolk, N.Y ., June 1976_________________________________
Newark, N.J., Jan. 1976______________________________________ _____
New O rleans, La., Jan. 1976_____________________________________
New York , N . Y ^ N . J . , May 1976__________________________________
Norfolk— ir gin ia Beach—
V
Portsmou th, V a ^ N . C . , May 19761____
Norfolk— ir gin ia Beach—
V
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va.—
N.C., May 1976 1 _____ ________ _ _______________
Northeast Pennsylvania, Aug. 1976_______________________________
Oklahoma City, Okla., Aug. 1976_________________________________
Omaha, Nebr,—
Iowa, Oct. 1976____________________________________
Paterson — lif to n - P a s s a ic , N.J., June 1976______________________
C
Philadelphia, Pa.—
N.J., Nov. 1975________________________________
Pittsburgh, Pa ., Jan. 1976 1 ______________________________________
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1975_______________________________________
Portland, Oreg.—
Wash., May 1976________________________________
Pough keepsie, N.Y ., June 1976___________________________________
Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—
Newburgh, N.Y ., June 1976_____________
P r o vid e n ce —
Warwick—
Pawtucket, R.I.— a s s ., June 1976________
M
Raleigh—
Durham, N.C., F e b . 1976________________________________
Richmond, Va., June 1976________________________ __ _____________
St. Louis, Mo.—
111., Mar. 1976 1 __________________________________
Sacramento, Calif., D e c. 1975____________________________________
Saginaw, Mich., Nov. 1975________________________________________
Salt Lake City—
Ogden, Utah, Nov. 19751_________________________
San Antonio, Tex ., May 1976___________________________ __________
San Diego, Calif., Nov. 1975______________________________________
San F r a n c is c o —
Oakland, Ca lif., Mar. 1976______________________
San J o s e , Calif., Mar. 1976_______________________________________
Seattle—
Everett, Wash., Jan. 1976________________________________
South Bend, Ind., M ar. 1976______________________________________
Stamford, Conn., May 1976*______________________________________
Syr ac use, N.Y ., July 1976_________________________________________
Tole do, Ohio—
Mich., May 1976____________________________________
Trenton, N.J., Sept. 1976__________________________________________
U t ic a -R o m e , N.Y ., July 19751____________________________________
Washington, D . C ^ M d . - V a . , Mar. 1976___________________________
W e s tch e s te r County, N.Y ., May 1976____________________________
Wichita, Kans., Apr. 1976_________________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a ss., Apr. 1976_____________________________________
Y ork, Pa., Feb. 1976______________________________________________

Bulletin number
and p r ic e *
1850-76,
1900-22,
1900-3,
1900-35,
1900-10,
1900-2,
1900-48,
1900-27,

95 cents
85 cents
95 cents
85 cents
85 cents
75 cents
$ 1 .0 5
85 cents

1900-33,
1900-43,
1900-42,
1900-61,
1900-38,
1850-65,
1900-1,
1850-72,
1900-51,
1900-50,
1900-55,
1900-31,
1900-18,
1900-34,
1900-19,
1850-87,
1850-71,
1850-74,
1900-23,
1850-77,
1900-9,
1900-13,
1900-6,
1900-5,
1900-40,
1900-44,
1900-24,
1900-56,
1850-48,
1900- 12,
1900-46,
1900-21,
1900- 16,
1900-4,

85 cents
65 cents
55 cents
55 cents
55 cents
85 cents
$1.15
45 cents
75 cents
45 cents
55 cents
75 cents
55 cents
65 cents
$1.25
45 cents
35 cents
75 cents
65 cents
45 cents
95 cents
75 cents
65 cents
55 cents
85 cents
55 cents
55 cents
55 cents
80 cents
85 cents
55 cents
55 cents
55 cents
55 cents

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

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