View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

J fd 0 - 6 /

Area Wage Survey
Omaha, Nebraska-lowa,
Metropolitan Area, October 1976
Bulletin 1900-61
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics




Preface
T h is b u lle t in p r o v id e s r e s u l t s o f an O c t o b e r 1976 s u r v e y
o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s in th e O m a h a , N e b r a s k a -I o w a , S ta n da rd
M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a (D o u g la s and S a rp y C o u n t ie s , N e b r .;
and P o t ta w a tt a m ie C ou n ty , Io w a ). T h e s u r v e y w a s m a d e as p a r t
o f th e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s ' annual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o ­
g r a m , w h ich is d e s ig n e d t o y ie ld d a ta f o r in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o lit a n
a r e a s as w e ll as n a tio n a l and r e g io n a l e s t im a t e s f o r a ll S ta n d a rd
M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a s in th e U n ited S ta te s , e x c l u d i n g
A la s k a and H a w a ii.
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m
is the n e e d to d e s c r i b e th e l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a
v a r ie t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s , th ro u g h th e a n a ly s is o f (1) th e l e v e l
and d is t r ib u t io n o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t io n , and (2 ) th e m o v e m e n t
o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t io n a l c a t e g o r y and s k ill l e v e l . T h e p r o g r a m
d e v e lo p s in fo r m a t io n th at m a y b e u s e d f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s , in ­
c lu d in g w a g e and s a la r y a d m in is t r a t io n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a in in g ,
and a s s i s t a n c e in d e t e r m in in g p la n t lo c a t io n . S u r v e y r e s u lt s a ls o
a r e u s e d b y th e U .S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r to m a k e w a g e d e t e r ­
m in a tio n s u n d e r th e S e r v ic e C o n t r a c t A c t o f 1 9 6 5.
C u r r e n t ly , 84 a r e a s a r e in c lu d e d in the p r o g r a m .
(S e e
l i s t o f a r e a s on in s id e b a c k c o v e r . )
In e a c h a r e a , o c c u p a t io n a l
e a r n in g s d a ta a re c o l l e c t e d a n n u a lly .
In fo r m a tio n on e s t a b lis h ­
m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e fit s is o b ta in e d e v e r y
th ir d y e a r .




E a c h y e a r a ft e r a ll in d iv id u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s h ave
b e e n c o m p le t e d , tw o s u m m a r y b u lle tin s a r e is s u e d .
The fir s t
b r in g s t o g e t h e r d a ta f o r e a c h m e t r o p o l it a n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; the
s e c o n d p r e s e n t s n a tio n a l and r e g io n a l e s t im a t e s , p r o je c t e d f r o m
in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o l it a n a r e a d a ta .
T h e O m a h a s u r v e y w a s c o n d u c te d b y th e B u r e a u 's r e ­
g io n a l o f f i c e in K a n s a s C it y , M o ., u n d e r the g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n
o f E d w a r d C h a ik e n , A s s is t a n t R e g io n a l C o m m i s s i o n e r f o r O p e r ­
a tio n s .
T h e s u r v e y c o u ld n o t h a v e b e e n a c c o m p lis h e d w ith o u t
th e c o o p e r a t io n o f th e m a n y f i r m s w h o s e w a g e and sail a r y d a ta
p r o v id e d th e b a s is f o r th e s t a t is t ic a l in fo r m a t io n in th is b u lle tin .
T h e B u r e a u w is h e s to e x p r e s s s i n c e r e a p p r e c ia t io n f o r the c o o p ­
e r a t io n r e c e i v e d .

Note:
A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s and s u p p le ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s is a v a ila b le f o r th e m o v in g and s t o r a g e
in d u s t r y ( O c t o b e r 1 9 7 6 ); and o n o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s o n ly f o r
th e l a u n d r y
and d r y c le a n in g in d u s t r y ( O c t o b e r 1 9 7 6 ). A l s o
a v a ila b le f o r th e O m a h a a r e a a r e lis t i n g s o f u n io n w a g e r a te s
f o r b u ild in g t r a d e s , p r in t in g t r a d e s , l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t i n g
e m p lo y e e s , l o c a l t r u c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s , and g r o c e r y s t o r e
e m p lo y e e s .
F r e e c o p ie s o f t h e s e a re a v a ila b le f r o m t h e B u ­
r e a u 's r e g io n a l o f f i c e s .
(S e e b a c k c o v e r f o r a d d r e s s e s .)

Bulletin 1900-61

Area W age Survey:
Omaha, N eb raska-Io w a,
Metropolitan Area

January 1977

U.S. D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R , W. J. U se ry, J r., S e cre ta ry
B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S , J u liu s S h is k in , C o m m is s io n e r

October 1976

Contents
In tro d u ctio n __________________________________________

Page
2

Page
A p p e n d ix A .
A p p e n d ix B .

S c o p e and m e th o d o f s u r v e y ________ H
O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ___________ \4

T a b le s :
A.

E a rn in g s :
A - l . W e e k ly e a rn in g s o f o f f ic e w o r k e r s . . .
3
A - 2 . W e e k ly e a rn in g s o f p r o f e s s io n a l
and te c h n ic a l w o r k e r s ______________
5
A - 3 . A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f o f f i c e ,
p r o f e s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l
w o r k e r s , b y s e x _____________________
6
A - 4 . H o u rly e a rn in g s o f m a in te n a n ce ,
t o o l r o o m , and p o w e rp la n t
w o r k e r s ________________________________
7
A - 5 . H o u rly e a rn in g s o f m a t e r ia l
m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d ia l
w o r k e r s ________________________________
8
A - 6 . A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f
m a in te n a n ce , t o o l r o o m , p o w e r p la n t, m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t, and
c u s t o d ia l w o r k e r s , by s e x ___________
9
A - 7 . P e r c e n t in c r e a s e s in a v e r a g e
h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d
o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , a d ju ste d
fo r e m p lo y m e n t s h i f t s ________________ 10




For sa le b y the S u p erin ten d en t o f D o cu m e n ts, U .S . G ov ern m en t Printing
O ff ic e , W ash in gton , D . C .
2 0 4 0 2 , G PO B ook stores, o r BLS R e g io n a l
O ffic e s lis te d o n b a c k c o v e r .
Sup erintenden t o f D ocu m en ts.

P rice 55 cen ts.

M ak e ch e c k s p a y a b le to




Introduction
( c ) m a in te n a n c e , t o o l r o o m , and p o w e r p la n t , an d (d)
m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d ia l.
In th e 31 l a r g e s t
s u r v e y a r e a s , t a b le s A - l a th r o u g h A - 6 a p r o v id e
s i m i l a r data f o r e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k ­
ers or m ore.

T h is a r e a is 1 o f 84 in w h ic h th e U .S.
D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r 's B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s
c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s and r e ­
la t e d b e n e f it s .
In th is a r e a , d a ta w e r e o b ta in e d b y
a c o m b in a t io n o f p e r s o n a l v i s i t , m a il q u e s t io n n a ir e ,
a n d te le p h o n e in t e r v ie w .
R e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u s t r y d iv is io n s w e r e c o n ­
ta cted :
M a n u fa c tu r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a ­
tio n ,
and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o l e s a le t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ;
and s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r in d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m
th ese
s tu d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t io n s and th e
c o n s t r u c t io n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s t r ie s .
E s t a b lis h ­
m e n ts h av in g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f
w o r k e r s a r e o m it t e d b e c a u s e o f in s u f fic ie n t e m p l o y ­
m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d .
S e p a r a t e ta b u la ­
t io n s a r e p r o v id e d f o r e a c h o f the b r o a d in d u s t r y
d iv is io n s w h ic h m e e t p u b lic a t io n c r i t e r i a .

T a b le A - 7 p r o v id e s p e r c e n t c h a n g e s in a v ­
e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s ,
e l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g
w o r k e r s , in d u s t r ia l
n u rses,
s k ille d m a in te n a n c e tr a d e s w o r k e r s , and
u n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s .
W h e r e p o s s i b l e , d a ta a r e
p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll i n d u s t r ie s , m a n u fa c tu r in g , and
n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g .
T h is ta b le p r o v id e s a m e a s u r e o f
w a g e tr e n d s a f t e r e lim in a t io n o f c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
e a r n in g s c a u s e d b y e m p lo y m e n t s h ift s a m o n g e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s a s w e ll a s t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s in ­
c lu d e d in s u r v e y s a m p le s .
F o r f u r t h e r d e t a ils , s e e
a p p e n d ix A .
A p p e n d ix e s

A - s e r i e s t a b le s
A p p e n d ix A d e s c r i b e s the m e th o d s a n d c o n ­
c e p t s u s e d in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m and
p r o v id e s in fo r m a t io n on th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .

T a b le s A - 1 th r o u g h A - 6 p r o v id e e s t im a t e s
o f s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly o r h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r w o r k ­
e r s in o c c u p a t io n s c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y o f m a n u ­
f a c t u r in g and n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g in d u s t r ie s .
O ccu p a­
tio n s w e r e s e l e c t e d f r o m the fo llo w in g c a t e g o r i e s :
(a ) O f f ic e c l e r i c a l , (b) p r o f e s s i o n a l a nd t e c h n ic a l,

A p p e n d ix B p r o v i d e s jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d
b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s b y
o c c u p a t io n .

2

A.

Earnings

Table A-1.

W e e kly earnings of office w orkers in O m aha , Nebr. —Io w a, O ctober 1976
W eek ly earnings 1
(standard)
Number

O c c u p a t io n a n d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f —

s

A vera ge

w eek ly
h ours1
(standard

s
85

M ean *

M edian *

M id d le ranged

S
90

S

S
95

100

S
105

S
110

S
115

S
120

S
130

S
140

S
150

S
160

S
170

S
180

S
190

s

S
200

220

" 5 ---------- t ----------

240

260

280

and
under
90

X
300
and

95

100

105

110

115

120

130

10
6
4

56
11
45

1 4 0 _ 1 5 f_
i

160

170

18o

190

200

2?0

24Q

260

280

300

over

130
59
71
3

103
21
82
9

119
32
87
29

97
34
63
22

84
17
67
21

59
16
43
12

74
12
62
27

85
27
58
36

44
1
43
32

36
10
26
20

25
13
12
8

6
1
5
3

6
5
1

5
•
5

5
1
4

16
15
1

5
5

5
1
4

12
4
8

15
8
7

7
1
6

8
8

7
1
6

6
1
5

35
25
10

35
9
26

31
18
13

28
6
22
1

34
9
25
3

20
5
15
-

34
6
28
7

22
4
18
10

36
•
36
29

18
1
17

9
3
6
3

.
—

1
-

4
3
1
1

ALL W O R K E R S

SECRETARIES

------------------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES manufacturing

SECRETARIES.

CLASS A
-------

manufacturing

nonmanufacturing

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S B ------MANUFACTURING
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

$
1 7 9 .5 0
1 7 4 .0 0
1 8 1 .5 0
2 1 3 .5 0

$
1 6 8 .5 0
1 6 2 .0 0
1 7 1 .0 0
2 1 2 .5 0

$

1 ,0 3 0
305
725
222
98
37
61

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

2 1 5 .5 0
1 9 7 .0 0
2 2 7 .0 0

2 1 2 .0 0
1 7 3 .0 0
2 2 5 .0 0

342
108
234
68

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 8 8 .0 0
1 6 4 .0 0
1 9 9 .0 0
2 4 7 .0 0

1 8 0 .5 0
1 5 5 .0 0
1 9 1 .5 0
2 5 7 .5 0

$
-

-

—

1

8

4

•

•

•

—

—

-

•

-

—

1

8

4

1 7 2 . 5 0 - 2 5 0 .5 0
1 7 2 . 0 0 - 2 3 0 .0 0
1 8 5 . 0 0 - 2 7 0 .5 0

.

•

-

-

153.
140.
163.
230.

•
•

•
•—

—
—

-

•

_
-

—
—
—

•
—
—

-

"

8
8
*

—

1
1

—
—
-

5
5

—
••

146.
142.
152.
175.

00000000-

50505050-

2 0 1 .5 0
1 9 2 .5 0
2 0 6 .0 0
2 5 0 .0 0

2 1 8 .5 0
1 8 1 .0 0
2 4 1 .5 0
2 6 8 .0 0

-

—

-

*

1

...
—
-

4

5
5
—

9
5
4

-

387
91
296
79

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 6 8 .5 0
1 7 7 .0 0
1 6 5 .5 0
2 0 4 .5 0

1 5 9 .0 0
1 6 0 .0 0
1 5 8 .5 0
2 0 7 .0 0

140.
140.
140.
185.

*

-

, c l a s s 0 ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------NONMANUFACTURING —

202
69
133

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 6 8 .0 0
1 7 4 .0 0
1 6 5 .0 0

1 6 4 .0 0
1 5 9 .0 0
1 6 5 .0 0

1 4 9 . 5 0 - 1 7 9 .5 0
1 3 6 . 5 0 - 1 9 6 .5 0
1 5 5 . 5 0 - 1 7 5 .0 0

•

—
-

-

-

-

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G E N E R A L -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------PUBLIC UTILITIES -

125
29
96
31

4 0 .0
4 1 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 5 2 .0 0
1 5 3 .0 0
1 5 1 .5 0
1 7 5 .0 0

1 4 2 .0 0
1 4 2 .0 0
1 4 2 .0 0
1 8 3 .0 0

134.
139.
132.
153.

•

.

—

-

-

-•

•

-

—

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , S E N I O R -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --- ----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------

195
49
146

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 9 9 .5 0
1 8 9 .5 0
2 0 3 .0 0

1 8 2 .5 0
1 9 6 .0 0
1 7 8 .5 0

1 6 9 . 5 0 - 2 5 3 .5 0
1 6 0 . 0 0 - 2 0 6 .0 0
1 6 9 , 5 0 - 2 5 4 .0 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE TYPISTS
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------

157
157

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 3 8 .5 0
1 3 8 .5 0

1 3 8 .0 0
1 3 8 .0 0

1 2 9 . 0 0 - 1 5 0 .5 0
1 2 9 . 0 0 - 1 5 0 .5 0

TYPISTS.

C L A S S A --------—

244
25
219

3 9 .0
4 1 .0
3 9 .0

1 3 7 .0 0
1 4 5 .SO
1 3 6 .0 0

1 3 3 .0 0
1 4 1 .5 0
1 3 3 .0 0

1 1 6 . 0 0 - 1 4 1 .0 0
1 2 0 . 0 0 - 1 5 9 .0 0
1 1 6 . 0 0 - 1 4 1 .0 0

•

8

-

-

—

8

1

5

T Y P I S T S . C L A S S 8 --- —
NONMANUFACTURING —

296
280

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 2 1 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0

1 0 9 .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0

1 0 4 . 5 0 - 1 3 4 .5 0
1 0 3 . 5 0 - 1 3 4 .0 0

1
1

19
19

23
23

..

—

secretaries

manufacturing

nonmanufacturing

FILE CLERKS, CLASS A NONMANUFACTURING —

91
90

FILE CLERKS, CLASS B NONMANUFACTURING —

00005050-

1 8 9 .5 0
1 8 8 .5 0
1 8 9 .5 0
2 2 3 .0 0

1 7 2 .0 0
1 6 8 .5 0
1 7 2 .5 0
1 9 9 .5 0

—

-

1

..

-

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S C ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------— —
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------

00000000-

.

_

4

••
-

-

—
—
22
12
10

4
-■
4

37
4
33
—

44
17
27
—

65
17
48
—

40
7
33
■
—

41
8
33
10

22
10
12
5

33
6
27
11

17
1
16
9

25
2
23
17

37
7
30
26

1
1
-

9
2
7

23
16

23

42
5
37

30
3
27

12
2
10

17
9
8

3
•

7

24
12
12

11
8
3

29
14
15
4

29
3
26
2

4
1

10
•

11
5
6
6

9

1

9
5
4
4

3

18
4
14

27
4
23

36

12
12
5

5
5

7
-•
7

-

-

-

-

*

2
•
2
2

*

*

-

-

—

-

-

•

-

2

-

—

—

—

—

•-

-

-

I

—

*

—

*

-

*

2

2

7
6
1

...

“

-

—

18

3

10
1
36
•

3

7

3
1
2
2

6
2
4

12
9
3

24
19
5

—

•
9

2
2

1
1

4
4

23
23

43
43

28
28

25
25

1

5

24

—

-

5
3
2

24
3
21

20
4
16

73
2
71

44
6
38

7
2
5

-

24

5

5
2
3

5
5

11
2
9

57
57

60
59

19
17

11
9

22
18

23
22

15
15

5
5

15
14

7
2

12
12

9
9

-

3
3

6
6

7
7

7
7

4
4

1
1

2
1

1
1

18
17

9
7

23
20

6
6

5
4

6
3

3
3

1
1

•

*

•

...

2
2

*

2
2
1

1
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

1
*
•
-

-

1

-

1
1

1
1

S

33

1
4

33

•

•-

*

*

.
—

.
-

*

-

•

..

-

-

-

-

■m
m

-

-

-

22
3
19

-

-

-

•-

1

-

6
6
-

9
9
-

3
2

—

1 6 7 .0 0
1 6 3 .0 0

1 2 4 . 5 0 - 2 4 7 .0 0
1 2 4 . 5 0 - 2 4 7 .0 0

-

-

-

9
9

266
256

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 2 1 .5 0
1 2 1 .0 0

1 0 6 .5 0
1 0 6 .5 0

9 6 . 5 0 - 1 2 0 .5 0
9 6 . 0 0 - 1 2 0 .0 0

7
7

48
48

43
43

12
12

54
54

FILE CLERKS, CLASS C NONMANUFACTURING —

142
141

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

9 8 .0 0
9 8 .0 0

9 2 .0 0
9 2 .0 0

9 2 . 0 0 - 1 0 1 .0 0
9 2 . 0 0 - 1 0 0 .0 0

30
30

53
53

20
20

23
23

5

S

—

*

*

6
6

M E S S E N G E R S --- --------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES

239
236
41

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 7 .0 0
1 1 7 .0 0
2 1 6 .5 0

9 3 .0 0
9 3 .0 0
2 2 9 .5 0

9 2 . 0 0 - 1 1 1 .0 0
9 2 . 0 0 - 1 1 0 .0 0
1 9 9 . 5 0 - 2 4 8 .0 0

51
51

76
76

27
27

12
12

11
11

13
13

1

6
6
5

6
4
1

at e n d o f t a b l e s .




s

14
14

-

3 9 . 5 1 8 5 .0 0
3 9 .S 1 8 5 . 0 0

See fo o tn o te s

IS

5
5

—
•

89
45
44

3

-

*

•

1
1

•

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

-

7
7

•

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

35
35

5
5

1
1

-

•

•

*

3
3

*

3
3
3

6

-

28
28

-

-

-

-

4
4
4

10
10
10

16
16
16

•

—

-

-

—

T ab le A-1. W e e kly earnings of o ffice w o rkers in O m aha, Nebr. —Io w a , O ctober 1 9 7 6 — C on tin u ed
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f —

W e e k ly e a r n in g s 1
(s ta n d a r d )
N um ber

O c c u p a t io n a n d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n
w orkeR

s

A v era g e
w e e k ly

Ho u r *
(s ta n d a rd )

s
85

M ean *

M e d ia n *

M id d le r a n g e d

and
under

S
90

S

S
95

100

S
105

no

S

120

s

S

S

$
115

130

1*0

S

150

S
160

s

S

S
170

180

190

S

S

200

220

$
2*0

s ------------ ~S

260

280

300
an d

-

90

95

100

105

110

3
3

1
1

10
10

17
17

6
6

11

12
6
6

21
21

1*
••
1*

115

120

130

1*0

150

160

170

18o

190

200

1

22Q

2*0

260

280

300

over

•

•

•

-

5
5

•

-

-

-

-

ALL W O R K E R S —
CONTINUED
77
69

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

$
1 2 8 .0 0
1 2 7 .5 0

$
1 1 0 .0 0
1 0 9 .5 0

$
$
1 0 0 . 00- 1 * * .0 0
1 0 0 . 0 0 - 1* 5 . 0 0

205
*8
157

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 3 1 .0 0
1 3 8 .5 0
1 2 8 .5 0

1 3 * .5 0
1 3 8 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0

1 0 7 . 0 0 - 1* 8 . 5 0
1 2 1 . 0 0 - 1 5 0 .0 0
1 0 7 . 0 0 - 1* 8 . 5 0

O R D E R C L E R K S — ------ MANUFACTURING
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------

90
25
65

* 0 .0
* 0 .0
* 0 .0

1 5 6 .0 0
1* 8 . 5 0
1 5 9 .0 0

1 5 * .0 0
1* 8 . 5 0
15**00

1* 6 . 0 0 - 1 6 7 . 0 0
1 2 8 . 0 0 - 1 6 5 .5 0
1* 6 . 0 0 - 1 6 7 . 0 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS A
MANUFACTURING —
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---

5*9
111
*38
177

3 9 .5
* 0 .0
3 9 .5
* 0 .0

1 8 5 .5 0 1 7 9 .5 0
1 8 1 .0 0 1 7 1 .0 0
1 8 6 . 5 0 [1 8 0 . 0 0
2 2 6 .5 0 2 1 6 .0 0

1* 6 .
1* 8 .
1* 5 .
216.

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS B —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------- --------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------ — ----

582
88
* 9*

3 9 .5
* 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 * * .0 0
1 5 8 .5 0
1* 1 . 0 0

1 3 2 .0 0
1* 3 . 0 0
1 2 6 .0 0

1 1 5 . 00- 1 6 5 .5 0
1 3 0 . 0 0 - 1 8 6 .0 0
1 1 2 . 0 0 - 1 6 4 .0 0

*

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S -------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSM A N U F A C T U R I N G ---- —
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
C L A S S 8 ------ —

50005000-

2 1 6 .0 0
2 0 3 .5 0
2 1 6 .0 0
2 5 8 .0 0

•

-

*

*

3

3

9
5

3
2

3
3

*
*

1

4
*

1
-

2
2

11
•
11

1
1
*

31
9
22

18
11
7

38
9
29

2*
*
20

16
5
11

2
1
1

2
•
2

1
1
-

8
8

13
1
12

18
8
10

1*
1
13

26
3
23

1
1

1
1

-

-

9
2
7

-

-

-

11

.

•

-

.

.

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

-

•

•

•

-

-

-

-

-

•

-

-

-

27
5
22
16

27
7
20
16

38

3
3

3
3

3

-

2

2

3

-

-

-

-

-

2
—

3
*

1
-

5
*

31
7
2*
*

67
16
51
*

31
8
23
*

*2
10
32
-

29
9
20
6

60
15
*5
1

33
5
28
5

29
10
19
8

no

2
—

3
3

3
1
2

39
39

69
69

31
31

53
•
53

81
17
6*

56
15
41

3*
17
17

*8
5
*3

29
*
25

1*
2
12

20
7
13

17
5
12

76
9
67

11

27

-

5
2
3

6

5
2
3
3

20
6
1*
11

1

*

*

-

•

-

•

-

-

•

1

-

-

*9

-

3

-

-

.
-

1

5

1 3 3 .0 0

1 3 0 .0 0

1 2 6 . 5 0 - 1 3 0 .0 0

-

-

-

-

5

-

156.
161.
154.
207.

•

.

•

1

-

5
2
3

1

*5

1 8 * .0 0
1 8 4 .0 0
1 8 9 .0 0
2 7 0 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------— --------

350
*1
309

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 6 0 .0 0
1 5 8 .5 0
1 6 0 .0 0

1* 6 . 0 0
1 5 6 .5 0
1 * * .0 0

1 2 8 . 5 0 - 1 7 4 .0 0
1 5 3 . 0 0 - 1 7 1 .0 0
1 2 6 . 5 0 - 1 7 6 .5 0

228
*7
181

3 9 .5
* 0 .0
3 9 .5

1* 3 .0 0
1 3 7 .0 0
1 * * .5 0

1* 2 .0 0
1 3 6 .0 0
1* 5 . 0 0

1 2 6 . 5 0 - 1 5 2 .5 0
1 2 8 . 5 0 - 1* 6 . 0 0
1 2 0 . 0 0 - 1 5 8 .5 0

-

•

5

*

1

17
9
8
1

10
3
7

*0
5
35

21
6
15

1*

9

3

5

9

3

1*

9

3

5

9

3

-

—

-

-

-

1

-

*

*

-

*

-

—

*

.

•

2

2

9

*

22

55
1
5*

50
3
*7

*6
2
* *

36
20
16

30

lo

*0
18

20

2 2

19
9
10

53
8
*5

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

2

2

9

*

21

•

1
1

1
•
1

9
1
8

1*
—
1*

*

1*
1
13

-

4

*

6
1

9
6
3
2

•
•

_

•

-

15

12
2
10
10

-

6
9
8
1

-

-

-

•

38
38

3

10
2
8
-

•

1

13
97
81

8
1
7
3

-

at e n d o f t a b l e s .




•

1

3

1 9 5 .5 0
1 8 1 .5 0
2 0 1 .5 0
2 * 1 .0 0

See fo o tn o te s

-

1

3
-

* 0 .0
* 0 .0
* 0 .0
* 0 .0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS. CLASS B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------

1
.

-

4 0 .0

n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

1
1

-

5*

8 *

•

.

120
36

2 1 9 .0 0
2 0 1 .5 0
2 7 0 .5 0
2 7 7 .0 0

*

-

PAYROLL CLERKS —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------PUBLIC UTILITIES

00000000-

1

*
•
*

2
2
•

-

m
•
•
-

15
15

•
•
-

3

*9

*

Table A -2 .

W e e kly earnings of professional and technical w orkers in O m a h a , Nebr. —Io w a , O cto b e r 1976
W e e k ly e a r n in g s

1

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly e a r n i n g s D f

(s ta n d a r d )
N um ber

O c c u p a t io n a n d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

of
w o rk e re

S

A vera ge

130

w e e k ly
(s ta n d a rd )

S

M'1 '
"

M e d ia n

*

M id d le ran ge

*

U nder

S
130

1

S
140

150

160

170

190

s

S

t
180

200

210

220

230

1

t

24o

250

-

i

260

S

S

270

280

S
300

320

340

and
under

360
an d

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

2 7 * _ _2 8 f . 3 f 0
t
l

320

340

360

over

ALL W O R K E R S
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) , C L A S S B ----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------

90
80

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

$
2 8 7 .5 0
2 8 4 .5 0

$
2 8 9 .0 0
2 8 8 .5 0

$
$
2 6 0 . 0 0 - 3 1 1 .0 0
2 5 7 . 0 0 - 3 0 5 .5 0

-

-

-

—

—

•

-

—

—

-

-

-

2
2

—
-

2
2

4
4

5
5

4
3

6
6

5
5

6
5

27
26

10
7

9
8

7
5

3
2

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) , C L A S S C --------------------------------

25

3 9 .0

2 4 2 .5 0

2 5 7 .0 0

2 0 1 . 0 0 - 2 7 8 .0 0

-

-

2

-

-

2

1

*

2

-

2

-

-

5

1

5

5

-

-

-

-

C OMPUTER P R O G R A M M E R S (BUSINESS),
C L A S S A ---------------------------- --— - - - - - - - - N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------

107
78

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

2 8 2 .0 0
2 8 1 .0 0

2 8 7 .5 0
2 8 0 .0 0

2 3 7 . 0 0 - 3 2 0 .5 0
2 3 1 . 0 0 - 3 2 0 .5 0

-

—•

—

•-

—■

—

-

-

-

—

-

-

*

4
4

-

5
5

4
2

19
19

-

-

-

3
3

4
4

4
2

25
2

8
7

21
20

8
8

2
2

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

2 5 8 .5 0
2 4 8 .5 0
2 5 9 .5 0

2 5 7 .0 0
2 4 8 .5 0
2 5 8 .0 0

2 1 4 . 0 0 - 2 9 6 .5 0
1 9 5 . 5 0 - 2 8 7 .5 0
2 1 4 . 0 0 - 3 0 4 .5 0

-

22
7
15

18
18

26
•
26

11
4
7

14
2
12

13
13

3
•
3

11
•

47
10
37

24
2
22

29
-

5
•

—
•

-

5
1
4

9
•

--------------- ------------------

242
26
216

29

5

-

C OMPUTER PROGR A M M E R S (BUSINESS),
CLASS C
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------- -------------------------

73
70

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 8 2 .5 0
1 8 0 .0 0

1 7 5 .0 0
1 7 5 .0 0

1 6 5 . 5 0 - 1 9 0 .0 0
1 6 5 . 0 0 - 1 8 8 .5 0

2
2

-

•

-

-

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A -------- ------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------- -----------------------

44
35

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

2 4 2 .5 0
2 3 1 .5 0

2 2 5 .5 0
2 1 8 .5 0

2 0 6 . 0 0 - 2 9 3 .0 0
2 0 2 . 0 0 - 2 5 4 .5 0

2
2

1
1

150
130
55

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

2 0 2 .5 0
2 0 9 .0 0
2 5 3 .0 0

1 8 6 .5 0
1 8 8 .5 0
3 0 4 .0 0

C L A S S C ------ ------------------------------------------

84
58

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 6 8 .0 0
1 7 7 .5 0

C L A S S A ---------------------

133

4 0 .0

D R A F T E R S , C L A S S B ------------ -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------- — ---------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------— ------

154
34
120

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

C OMPUTER P R O G R A M M E R S (BUSINESS),
C L A S S B ------------------------ ----------- ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------- ------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

COMPUTER OPERATORS,

C L A S S B ---------------

n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

-------- -------------------------

P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------COMPUTER OPERATORS,
n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

DRAFTERS.

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S ------ --------- -------ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS,

*

C L A S S A-

W o r k e r s w e re d is trib u te d as fo llo w s :

-

-

-

-

—
—

—
-

-

-

-

—

5
5

-

-

7
7

14
14

19
19

12
12

2
2

7
6

5
4

2
2

—

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

.

•

•

•

—

-

-

1
1

1
1

1
1

6
6

5
5

6
6

3
3

1
*

4
3

-

-

1 6 8 . 5 0 - 2 1 9 .0 0
1 7 5 . 0 0 - 2 2 8 .0 0
2 0 7 . 0 0 - 3 0 4 .0 0

•

4
2
—

a
7
4

12
8
-

27
26
1

16
12
4

10
9
4

15
15
10

5
4
-

4
4
2

2
2
-

1
1
1

•

-

17
11
-

1 5 3 .5 0
1 6 1 .0 0

1 3 8 . 5 0 - 1 7 4 .0 0
1 4 7 . 0 0 - 1 8 4 .0 0

*9
9

16
3

15
15

13
*

3
3

11
11

4
4

2
2

—

•

-

—

—

2 5 7 .0 0

2 4 1 .0 0
2 4 1 .0 0

2 2 9 . 0 0 - 2 7 0 .0 0
2 2 9 . 0 0 - 2 8 2 .0 0

—

•

•

•

4

11

2 0 1 .5 0
2 0 9 .0 0
1 9 9 .0 0

1 9 5 .5 0
2 0 5 .0 0
1 9 4 .0 0

1 7 6 . 5 0 - 2 1 8 .5 0
1 8 2 . 5 0 - 2 3 6 .0 0
1 7 6 . 0 0 - 2 1 3 .5 0

17
1
16

20
6
14

15
1
14

22
4
16

18
4
14

103

4 0 .0

2 6 9 .0 0

2 7 9 .0 0

4 0 .0

2 9 5 .0 0

3 1 2 .5 0

-

•
-

•

•
•

-

-

-

-

26
6
20

*

11

1
10
3

*
•

—
-

-

-

-

-

•

•

-

—

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

1
1

-

29
29
29

-

•

-

-

-

-

•

.

.

.

-

-

-

-

4

7

8

2

_

_

_

-

-

*

*

-

-

22

13

31
28

12

3

6

10
2
8

6
2
4

7
4
3

9
4
5

-

•

2

1

•

•

-

1

-

2

1

-

-

-

1

11
11
10
10

4 at $ 100 t o $ 1 10 ; a n d 5 at $ 120 t o $ 1 30 .

5

1

4

5

7

4

4

4

3

-

-

27

12

10

18

3

-

1

2 8 1 . 5 0 - 3 2 1 .0 0

1

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .




«
.

9

2

2 2 9 . 5 0 - 3 0 2 .0 0

43

-

•

1

3

3

-

-

1

12

1

18

3

-

Table A -3 . A verage w e e k ly earnings of o ffice, professional, and tech n ical w orkers, by sex,
in O m ah a , N ebr. —Io w a , O cto b e r 1976
A vera ge

A vera ge

S e x , 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv is io n

of

W e e k ly

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

-

h ou rs 1

S e x , 3 o c c u p a t i o n , a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

of

(s ta n d a r d )

MEN

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
WOMEN— CONTINUED

C L A S S AJ

h o u rs 1

S e x , 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv is io n

of

W e e k ly

w orkers

e a r n in g s *
(s ta n d a r d )

W e e k ly

h o u rs 1

e a r n in g s 1

s ta n da rd )

(s ta n d a rd )

P R O FESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
O C C UPATIONS - MEN

-

$

,A

W e e k ly

W e e k ly
sta n d a rd )

w orkers

e a r n in g s 1

(s ta n d a r d )

ACCOUNTING CLERKS?

(m e a n 2 )
N um ber

N um ber
W e e k ly

w orker?

A vera ge

(m e a n 2 )

(m e a n 2 )
N um ber

$
$

„

89

CLASS A
OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

jf

r IL L

tL tK rV

r IL L

v L tK iV i

v L A ii

O

t»L A j u

v

" " " *

------------------- ---------------- ---------------- ---------------------------------

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS
1 ? 026

NuNMANUr
M ANUr

lU K IN u

"

*

37

vL A

j

j

A L I U K lN o

142

"*

64

40.0

3 9 .5

2 4 8 .5 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

(BUSINESS).

1 2 8 .0 0
1 2 7 .5 0

3 9 .0

C U * r U 1t k Ur t M A 1v

203
46
157

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 2 8 .5 0

65

4 0 .0

H j

m

28

„_
COMPUTER OPERATORS#

AK i

t

j

f

LL A

j o

4 0 .0

2 0 4 .5 0

82
349

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 6 5 .0 0
1 7 4 .5 0

69
133

L H L 1

219*00

, ,, ___
3 9 .0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 7 4 .0 0
1 6 5 .0 0

549
77
472

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 4 1 .5 0
1 5 3 .0 0
1 3 9 .5 0

4 1 .0

1 5 0 .5 0
1 5 3 .0 0

DRAFTERS.

CLASS

A —— —

— —

—

—

2 5 8 .5 0
2 6 1 .0 0

U

123
29

47

-W

4 0 .0

2 0 9 .0 0
1 9 9 .5 0
.

1 6 6 .5 0

1 3 3 .0 0

1 7 0 .5 0
r ATKU LL

.*

157

34

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
54

29

3 8 •5
3 8 .5

C L th h i

~ —

” * * ■ * "“

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS.

,

C L A S S A-

PROFESSIONAL AND T E C H NICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN
i_ r
r .

1 3 8 .5 0
1 3 8 .5 0

M ANUr A v 1UK 1 N o

296

CLASS 8 — — — —

—

nonmanufacturing

M

NONMANU* A C 1U

K lN u

"■**

NuNM ANUr A L I U K IN b

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




3 9 .5

LL A j o A

79
j l

2 3 0 .5 0

r «...

.... ^
CLASS o
89

AvvvJUN 1 1 Nu

mm

3 9 .0

1 5 9 .0 0

1 3 1 .0 0

NONMANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING

1 8 2 .5 0

f LLAji A

L L tK rV i

1 6 8 .5 0

2 8 0 .5 0

(BUSINESS)•

2 4 6 .5 0
U K U fc H

^ _____________________ __

3 9 .0

9 8 .0 0
9 8 .0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS
77
69

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

U

3 9 .0

■ ■ * * *

1 9 7 .0 0
2 2 7 .0 0

NONMANUFACTURING
1A K I L jf

f

101

I d i.9 U

6

—
—

—

— —
——
— — — —

66
66

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 9 %S

2 4 7 .0 0
2 4 7 .0 0

Table A -4 .

H ourly earnings of m a in ten a n c e , toolroom , and p o w e rp la n t w orkers in O m a h a , N e b r.—Io w a, O cto b e r 1976
Hourly earnings

4

N um ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e h o u rly e a rn in g s o f—

O ccup ation and in du stry d iv is io n

s

s

Unde r
and
$
under

3.40

s

5

r

6.40 6»8o 7.20 7.60 8.00 8.40 8.80 9.20 9.60 o v e r

s

s

s

3.60 3.8Q 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.6 f. 6 .0 0
t

s

$

s

$

s

$

■
$

s
s
s
s
s
$
3.40 3*60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5*60

s

0
8.00 8.40 8.80 9.20 9, 6

6.00 6.40 6.80 7.20 7.

ALL WORKERS
MAINTENANCE C A R P E N T E R S ---------- —
NONMANUFACTURING ------------ ----

54
32

$
6.87
6.98

$
6.63
6.66

$
$
6.25- 7.73
6.00- 8.31

-

-

-

i
i

3
3

2
1

1
1

-

*

1
1

1
1

1
-

3
*

4
4

15
6

*

5
1

6
2

3
3

2
2

“

*

*6
6

MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIANS ----------MANUFACTURING --—
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

112
84
28

7.03
6.63
8.06

6.75
6.61
7.10

6.34- 7.65
6.14- 7.19
7.04-10.74

•
-

-

•
-

•
-

•
-

—
—

2
—
2

•
-

*

3
3
-

2
2
-

5
5
-

8
6
2

19
18
1

18
18
-

21
11
10

5
4
1

14
14
“

.
-

7
3
4

.
-

•
-

8
**8

MAINTENANCE PAINTERS ---- -— --- ----

26

6.07

6.37

5.33- 7.52

2

i

-

i

1

-

-

-

-

-

7

-

-

2

2

-

6

2

1

1

-

-

-

.
*

33
33

2
*

•
-

•
-

*

•
-

-

1
1

MAINTENANCE MACHINISTS --- ---------MANUFACTURING ------------ --------

65
63

7.04
6.99

7.65
7.65

6.36- 7.65
6.33- 7.65

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY) M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------- — — — —

449
430

6.07
6.00

5.93
5.93

4.96- 7.01
4.96- 6.82

•

•

•

•
•

•
*

5
5

1
1

3
3

113
113

19
19

8
8

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR VEHICLES) ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----- -----—
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------- --PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

284
43
241
231

6.79
6.11
6.91
6.89

7.42
6.19
7.73
7.73

5.535.525.535.53-

-

-

-

i
i
i

-

4
4
4

5
4
1
1

•
•
-

*

13
5
8
8

1
1
—
*

8.00
6.61
8.02
8.02

14
14

11
11

*

40
40

73
73

56
56

*

23
23

20
9

80
80

8
*

•
*

*

*

80
8
72
72

11
2
9
9

3
3
*

12
12
*

3
1
2
2

13
3
10
*

67
4
63
63

70
70
70

1
1
1

•
*

*

*

16

-

-

-

-

6

4
4

------ — ---

59

7.36

7.53

6«61- 7•64

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

-

-

8

2

17

MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPERS --------MANUFACTURING --------------------

66
34

5.40
5.26

5.73
5.43

4.98- 5.91
4.98- 5.73

-

_
-

.
-

2
2

4
4

8
-

1
1

—

*

12
12

33
11

2
2

-

2

•

-

2
2

165
82
83

5.76
5.82
5.71

5.59
5.46
5.85

4.88- 7.10
5.46- 6.87
4.83- 7.10

•

-

•

-

-

i
i

7
1
6

9
2
7

2
2

21
16
5

3
1
2

8
8

3
3

29
27
2

33
13
20

4
1
3

1
1

23
4
19

16
13
3

MAINTENANCE

pipefitters

STATIONARY ENGINEERS ---MANUFACTURING --- -----NONMANUFACTU h ING ----- -

*
**

-

W o r k e r s w e r e at $ 9.60 to $ 10.
W o r k e r s w e re at $ 10.40 to $ 10.80.

See fo otn otes at end o f ta b le s .




7

•

4
4

1
1

•
•

•

-

-

•

T a b le A -5 .

Hourly earnings of m a te ria l m ovem ent and custodial w o rke rs in O m ah a, Nebr. —Io w a , O cto b e r 1976
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e h o u r ly ea rn in g s o f—

Hourly earnings *

- 1--- S---- 1-- 5--- 1--- S---- S--- £--- 5--- 5--- 5
-

$--- S--- S--- S---

lOO 3*20 3*40

2.20 2*40 2.60 2.80

O ccu p ation and in d u stry d iv is io n

3*60 3*80 4.00 4*20

1 --- s—

s -- s--- *--- r—
5.60 6*00 8*40 6.8o 7.20 7.60

1

4*40 4*60 4.8 q 5.00 5.20 5.40

and
under

M e d ia n 2

o
>r
n

•

n

o
<
M

2.40 2.60 2.80 3 .00

3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.6 0 4.8Q 5. M L 5.20 5.40 5.6ft .6*00 6*40 6*80 7*20 7.60 8.00

ALL WORKERS
T R U C K D R I V E R S ------------ ----- --------

1.627

$
6.29

1.05

$
$
5.A8- 7.76

8

40

20

15

10

32

8

15

67

33

19

11

30

18

14

161

226

363

505

227

32

265

X
1

MANUFACTURING — — --- -------------

54

4.41

4.35

3.95- 4.67

7.41

7.76

7.13- 7.76

2

2

13

2

is

3

2

6

3

22
1

238

2
1

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK
NONMANUFACTURING ---- -------------

506

3

5

3

"T

*
*

a

6

1

10
10

13

OoOl

J
O
&
j

FORKLIFT O P E R A T O R S ----- ---- — --- —

532

5.91

6.42

4.99- 6.85

5

2

7

17

6

41

12

58

55

i

12

15

77

197

16

11

—

3

1

3*50*

27

WATCHMEN!
JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS —

2.205

2V99

2.55

2.40- 3.00

351

789

392

56

156

A

5* 66
See fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




8

42

4/

65

14

18

6

15

9

39

30

33

15

101

-

-




T a b le A -6 . A verag e hourly earnings of m a in te n a n c e , to o lro o m ,
p o w e rp la n t, m a te ria l m o v em e n t, and custodial w o rke rs ,
by sex, in O m a h a , N ebr. —Io w a , O cto b e r 1976
S e x,

3

o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

A vera ge
(m e a n 2 )
hourly
earnings4

S ex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

A vera ge
(m e a n 2 )
hourly
earnings 4

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - M E N — CONTINUED

m a in t e n a n c e * t o o l r o o m * and
POWERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - MEN

$
11* I L

r L I * I CiH ^

■■■

m m

m

7.00

N O N M A N U r A t lU K ir iv }

MAINTENANCE t-LLC 1K1C1 ANo

f *U J

M A N U “ A v* 1 U K i l N u

84

" " "

in ir r

n A IN U “ A v 1 U K I m w

65
63

"

1 liu

A i* l/

K L L C .1 V l N y

L L L K fN i

625

_

*

MANUFACTURING
MAINTENANCE MECHANICS

281

6.80

59

7.36

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------- -------------maintenance

—

pipefitters

■

—

- - - -

458

5.19

5.39
5.26
i

1A 1

1U N A H T

tr iw lN L u K j

"

mm

Gr0
5.71
JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

--------

1,592

3.04
V

g

1,581
1,084
MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL

6.67
379
210

6.99
7.65

4 • 23
M A N U r A C 1 U K i ISO

74
TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK
503
263

7.41
7.79

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS —

See fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .

9

590

2.78

Table A -7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings fo r selected
occupational groups, adjusted fo r em p lo ym e n t shifts,
in O m ah a , N e b r.—Io w a , for selected periods
In du stry and o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p
(m en and w o m e n co m b in e d )

A l l in d u s t r ie s :
____________
_
.
__________
O ffic e c l e r i c a l . .
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g ..................... ...
.......
In d u stria l n u r s e s _________________________________ _
S k illed m ain ten an ce t r a d e s * * * ....................................
U n sk illed plant w o r k e r s * * * ___
__________ ______
M a n u fa ctu rin g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l . . . _ ____________________ ____ ________
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g _____ _________________
In d u stria l n u r s e s ____________________ _ _ ___________
S k ille d m ain ten an ce tr a d e s * * * .......................................
U n sk illed pla*-' w o rk e rs * * * ____________ ________ .
N onm an u factu rin g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ________________________________________
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s i n g _____ __________________
In d u s tria l n u r s e s ________________
. . ....
S k illed m ain te n a n ce t r a d e s * * *
________ _________
U n sk illed plant w o r k e r s * * * _________________________

*
**
***

S e p te m b e r 1972 S e p te m b e r 1973 to O c to b e r 1974 O c t o b e r 1974
to
to
1 3 -m o n th
Annual rate
O c t o b e r 1975
S e p te m b e r 1973
o f in cre a se
in c r e a s e

6.2
*
**
6.4
5.6

10.4
9.9
**
12.6
7.5

9.6
9.1
**
11.6
6.9

8.8
9.6
**

**
*

**
**
**
10.8
8.3

ss
jcfc
sje*
**
9.9
7.6

**
**

10.4
10.7
**
**
6.9

9.6
9.8
**
**
6.4

**

7.0
6.9

6.0
*
**
4.9

9.1
9.6

O cto b e r 1975
to
O c to b e r 1976

6.8
6.3
**
7.6
9.4
**
**
**

10.0
8.8

8.3
11.9

8.6
9.4
**

6.9
6.4
**
**
8.1

**

10.0

Data not a v a ila b le .
Data do not m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r it e r ia .
P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s f o r p e r io d s ending p r i o r to 1976 r e la te to m en o n ly .

Footnotes
1 Standard h ou rs r e fle c t the w o rk w e e k f o r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir re g u la r s t r a ig h t-t im e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ), and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d
to th ese w eek ly h ou rs.
2 The m ean is c om p u ted fo r ea ch jo b by to ta lin g the e a r n in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d ivid in g by the n u m ber o f w o r k e r s .
The m e d ia n d e s ig n a te s p o s itio n — h a lf o f the e m p lo y e e s s u rv e y e d r e c e iv e m o r e
and h a lf r e c e iv e l e s s than the rate show n. The m id d le ran ge is d e fin e d by 2 r a te s o f pay; a fou rth o f the w o r k e r s e a rn l e s s than the lo w e r o f th es e r a te s and a fou rth e a r n m o r e than the h igh er rate.
3 E a rn in g s data r e la te on ly to w o r k e r s w h ose se x id e n tific a tio n w as p r o v id e d by the e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 E x clu d es p r em iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w ork on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and late s h ifts .




10

Appendix A
A r e a w a g e and r e la t e d b e n e fit s da ta a r e o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l v is it s
o f B u re a u f ie ld r e p r e s e n t a t iv e s at 3 - y e a r in t e r v a ls . 1 In e a c h o f th e i n t e r ­
v e n in g y e a r s , in fo r m a t io n on e m p lo y m e n t and o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s is c o l ­
le c t e d b y a c o m b in a tio n o f p e r s o n a l v is it , m a il q u e s t io n n a ir e , and te le p h o n e
in t e r v ie w f r o m e s t a b lis h m e n t s p a r t ic ip a t in g in th e p r e v io u s s u r v e y .
In e a c h o f th e 84 * a r e a s c u r r e n t ly s u r v e y e d , data a r e o b ta in e d f r o m
2
1
r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M a n u fa c ­
tu r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le
t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s .
M a jo r
in d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s e s tu d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t io n s and
th e c o n s t r u c t io n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s t r ie s .
E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g fe w e r than
a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itt e d b e c a u s e o f in s u f fic ie n t e m p lo y ­
m e n t in the o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d .
S e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d f o r e a c h
o f the b r o a d in d u s t r y d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c te d on a s a m p le b a s is .
T h e s a m p lin g
p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d e t a ile d s t r a t ific a t io n o f a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in the
s c o p e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y in d u s t r y and n u m b e r o f e m p lo y e e s .
F r o m th is s t r a t ifie d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ilit y s a m p le is s e le c t e d , w ith e a c h
e s ta b lis h m e n t h av in g a p r e d e t e r m in e d c h a n c e o f s e le c t io n . T o o b ta in o p tim u m
a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t io n o f la r g e than s m a ll e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts is
s e le c t e d .
W hen data a r e c o m b in e d , e a ch e s ta b lis h m e n t is
w e ig h te d a c c o r d in g to it s p r o b a b ilit y o f s e le c t io n , so that u n b ia s e d e s t im a t e s
a r e g e n e r a te d .
F o r e x a m p le , i f on e out o f fo u r e s t a b lis h m e n t s is s e le c t e d ,
it is g iv e n a w e ig h t o f fo u r to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f p lu s t h r e e o t h e r s .
A n a lte r n a te
o f the s a m e o r ig i n a l p r o b a b ilit y is c h o s e n in the s a m e in d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i ­
f ic a t io n i f data a r e n ot a v a ila b le f r o m the o r ig i n a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
If no
s u ita b le s u b s titu te is a v a ila b le , a d d itio n a l w e ig h t is a s s ig n e d to a s a m p le
m e m b e r that is s im il a r to the m i s s in g u nit.
O c c u p a tio n s and e a r n in g s
O c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r stu dy a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y o f m a n u fa c ­
tu rin g and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s t r ie s , and a r e o f the fo llo w in g t y p e s :
(1) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l; (3) m a in te n a n c e , t o o l r o o m ,
and p o w e r p la n t ; and (4) m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d ia l.
O c c u p a tio n a l
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s ig n e d to take
a c c o u n t o f in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n in d u tie s w ith in the s a m e j o b .
O ccu ­
p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r stu d y a r e lis t e d and d e s c r i b e d in a p p e n d ix B .
U n le s s
o t h e r w is e in d ic a t e d , th e e a r n in g s data fo llo w in g th e jo b t i t le s a r e f o r a ll
in d u s t r ie s c o m b in e d .
E a r n in g s data f o r s o m e o f the o c c u p a t io n s lis t e d and
1 Personal visits were on a 2-year cycle before July 1972.
2 Included in the 84 areas are 14 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas are
Akron, Ohio; Austin, T ex.; Binghamton, N .Y . — a.; Birmingham, A la .; Fort Lauderdale—
P
Hollywood and West
Palm Beach—
Boca Raton, Fla.; Lexington—
Fayette, K y .; Melbourne—
Titusville—
Cocoa, Fla.; Norfolk—
Virginia
Beach—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va. — C .; Poughkeepsie—
N.
Kingston—
Newburgh, N. Y . ; Raleigh—
Durham, N. C . ; Stamford, Conn.; Syracuse, N .Y .; Utica—
Rome, N .Y .; and Westchester County, N .Y. In
addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 100 areas at the request of b e
Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department o f Labor.




11

d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u s t r y d iv is io n s w ith in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y , a r e
n ot p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b le s , b e c a u s e e it h e r (1) e m p lo y m e n t in the
o c c u p a t io n is to o sm ~.ll to p r o v id e e n ou gh data to m e r it p r e s e n t a t io n , o r
(2) t h e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t d a ta .
Sepa­
r a te m e n 's and w o m e n 's e a r n in g s data a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d w hen the n u m b e r o f
w o r k e r s n ot id e n t ifie d b y s e x is 20 p e r c e n t o r m o r e o f the m e n o r w o m e n
id e n t ifie d in an o c c u p a t io n .
E a r n in g s da ta n ot sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly f o r in d u s t r y
d iv is io n s a r e in c lu d e d in data f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s c o m b in e d .
L ik e w is e ,
da ta a r e in c lu d e d in th e o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n w hen a . s u b c la s s if ic a t io n o f
e l e c t r o n i c s t e c h n ic ia n s , s e c r e t a r i e s , o r t r u c k d r i v e r s is not show n o r i n f o r ­
m a t io n to s u b c la s s if y is n ot a v a ila b le .
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s data a r e show n f o r f u l l - t i m e
w o r K e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d u le .
E a r n in g s data
e x c lu d e p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
la te s h ift s . N o n p r o d u c tio n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a llo w a n c e s
and in c e n t iv e b o n u s e s a r e in c lu d e d .
W e e k ly h o u r s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l and
p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s r e f e r to th e sta n d a rd w o r k w e e k
(r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r) f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e r e g u la r
s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s ( e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r a n d /o r
p r e m iu m r a t e s ) .
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t io n s a r e ro u n d e d
to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o ll a r .
T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s in an a r e a
at a p a r t ic u la r t i m e .
C o m p a r is o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
t im e m a y n ot r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s . T h e a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s
a r e a ff e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s and e m p lo y m e n t p a t te r n s .
F o r e x a m p le ,
p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y h ig h - o r lo w -w a g e f ir m s m a y c h a n g e , o r
h ig h -w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d v a n ce to b e tt e r jo b s and b e r e p la c e d b y new
w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a t e s .
Such s h ifts in e m p lo y m e n t c o u ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u ­
p a t io n a l a v e r a g e e v e n th ou gh m o s t e s t a b lis h m e n t s in an a r e a in c r e a 's e w a g e s
d u rin g th e y e a r .
C h a n g e s in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , sh ow n in ta b le
A - 7 , a r e b e t t e r in d ic a t o r s o f w a g e tr e n d s than a r e e a r n in g s c h a n g e s f o r
in d iv id u a l jo b s w ith in the g r o u p s .
A v e r a g e e a r n in g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w id e e s t im a t e s .
In d u s t r ie s
and e s t a b lis h m e n t s d if f e r in p a y l e v e l and jo b s ta ffin g , and thus c o n tr ib u te
d if f e r e n t ly to th e e s t im a t e s f o r e a c h jo b .
P a y a v e r a g e s m a y fa il to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e ly th e w a g e d if f e r e n t ia l a m o n g jo b s in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s sh o u ld
n ot be a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y o f the s e x e s w ith in in d iv id u a l
e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
F a c t o r s w h ich m a y c o n tr ib u te to d if f e r e n c e s in c lu d e p r o ­
g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b lis h e d ra te r a n g e s (o n ly the r a t e s p a id in cu m b e n ts a r e
c o l l e c t e d ) and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c d u tie s w ith in th e g e n e r a l s u r v e y jo b
d e s crip tio n s .
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d to c l a s s i f y e m p lo y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s
u s u a lly a r e m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than t h o s e u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts
and a llo w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s in s p e c if ic d u tie s
p e r fo r m e d .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to t a l in a ll e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e stu d y and n ot th e n u m b e r a c tu a lly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e s a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s d i f f e r , e s t im a t e s o f
o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d f r o m the s a m p le o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s s tu d ie d
s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a t e th e r e la t iv e im p o r t a n c e o f th e jo b s s tu d ie d .
T h ese
d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e do n ot a ff e c t m a t e r ia lly th e a c c u r a c y o f
th e e a r n in g s d a ta .

W a ge t r e n d s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s

T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s p r e s e n t e d in ta b le A - 7 a r e b a s e d on c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r e s t a b lis h m e n t s r e p o r t in g the tr e n d jo b s in b oth
the c u r r e n t and p r e v io u s y e a r (m a tc h e d e s t a b lis h m e n t s ).
T h e data a r e
a d ju s te d to r e m o v e th e e f f e c t s on a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f e m p lo y m e n t s h ifts
a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s and t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s in c lu d e d in s u r v e y
s a m p le s .
T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a r e s t i l l a ffe c t e d b y f a c t o r s
o t h e r th an w a g e i n c r e a s e s .
H ir in g , l a y o f f s , and t u r n o v e r m a y a ff e c t an
e s t a b lis h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an o c c u p a t io n w h en w o r k e r s a r e p a id u n d er p la n s
p r o v id in g a r a n g e o f w a g e r a te s f o r in d iv id u a l j o b s .
In p e r io d s o f i n c r e a s e d
h ir in g , f o r e x a m p le , n ew e m p lo y e e s e n te r at the b o tto m o f the r a n g e ,
d e p r e s s in g the a v e r a g e w ith ou t a ch a n g e in w a g e r a t e s .

E le c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g
(m e n and w o m e n ) :

S k ille d m a in te n a n c e (m en
and w o m e n ) :

C om p u ter s y s te m s
a n a ly s t s , c l a s s e s
A , B , and C
C om p u ter p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C
C om p u ter o p e r a to r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C

C a rp e n te rs
E le c t r ic ia n s
P a in t e r s
M a c h in is t s
M e c h a n ic s (m a c h in e r y )
M e c h a n ic s (m o t o r v e h ic le )
P ip e f i t t e r s
T o o l and d ie m a k e r s

I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m e n and
w o m e n ):
R e g is t e r e d in d u s t r ia l
n u rses
P e r c e n t c h a n g e s f o r indiv:
as fo llo w s :

U n s k ille d plan t (m e n and
w o m e n ):
J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and
c le a n e r s
M a t e r ia l h a n d lin g la b o r e r s
a r e a s in th e p r o g r a m

a r e c o m p u te d

O c c u p a tio n s u s e d to c o m p u te w a g e tr e n d s a r e :

O f fic e c l e r i c a l (m e n an d
w o m e n ):

O rd e r c le r k s
A c c o u n t in g c l e r k s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e
o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B
P a y r o ll c le r k s
K e y p u n ch o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
T a b u la tin g - m a c hine
o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B




T h e s e w e ig h ts a r e u se d to c o m p u te g r o u p a v e r a g e s .
E a ch o c c u p a t i o n 's a v e r a g e (m e a n ) e a r n in g s i s m u lt ip lie d
b y it s w e ig h t.
T h e p r o d u c t s a r e t o t a le d to o b ta in a
grou p a v e ra g e .

3.

T h e r a t io o f g r o u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t iv e y e a r s is
c o m p u te d b y d iv id in g th e a v e r a g e f o r th e c u r r e n t y e a r
b y th e a v e r a g e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e r e s u lt —
e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t — l e s s 100 is th e p e r c e n t ch a n g e .

F o r a m o r e d e t a ile d d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e m e t h o d u s e d to c o m p u te t h e s e
w a g e t r e n d s , s e e " I m p r o v in g A r e a W a ge S u r v e y I n d e x e s , " M on th ly L a b o r
R e v ie w , J a n u a ry 1 9 7 3 , p p . 5 2 -5 7 .

O f fic e c l e r i c a l (m en and
w o m e n )---- C on tin u ed

S e c r e ta r ie s
S ten ograp h ers, gen era l
S t e n o g r a p h e r s , s e n io r
T y p is t s , c l a s s e s
A and B
F il e c l e r k s , c l a s s e s A ,
B , and C
M essengers
S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A and B

E a c h o c c u p a t io n is a s s ig n e d a w e ig h t b a s e d o n it s p r o ­
p o r t io n a t e e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p in the
base y ea r.

2.
T h e p e r c e n t c h a n g e s r e la t e to w a g e c h a n g e s b e tw e e n th e in d ic a t e d
d a tes.
W hen th e tim e span b e tw e e n s u r v e y s is o th e r than 12 m o n th s , ann ual
r a t e s a r e sh o w n .
(It is a s s u m e d th at w a g e s in c r e a s e at a c o n s ta n t ra te
b e tw e e n s u r v e y s .)

1.

E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v is io n s
T a b u la tio n s on s e le c t e d e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y
w a g e p r o v is io n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d in th is b u lle tin . I n fo r ­
m a t io n f o r th e s e ta b u la tio n s is c o l l e c t e d at 3 - y e a r i n t e r v a ls . 1 T h e s e ta b u ­
la t io n s on m in im u m e n tr a n c e s a la r ie s f o r in e x p e r ie n c e d o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; s h ift
d i f f e r e n t ia ls ; s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s and d a y s ; p a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a t io n s ;
and h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s a r e p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s t a b le s )
in p r e v io u s b u lle t in s f o r th is a r e a .
l Personal visits were on a 2 -y e a r c y c le before July 1972.

12

Appendix ta b le 1. Establishm ents and w orkers w ith in scope of survey and num ber studied
in O m aha, Nebr. —Io w a ,1 O ctober 1976
In du stry d iv is io n 2

M in im um
em p lo ym e n t
in e s t a b lis h m en ts in s c o p e
o f study

------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------TRANSPORTATION* COMMUNICATION. AND
OTHER PUBLIC UTILITIES5 --- --------------------------------WHOLESALE T R A D E 6 --------------------------------------------------------RETAIL TRADE6 --------------------------------------------------------------FINANCE, INSURANCE, AND REAL ESTATE6 -------------SERVICES6 7---------------------------------------

W ithin s c o p e of study 4
W ithin s c o p e
o f study 5

Studied

Studied
N um ber

P ercent

547

159

95,874

100

57,263

50
*

142
405

55
104

28,650
67,224

30
70

19,316
37,947

50
50
50
50
50

56
60
145
63
81

21
13
28
16
26

17.642
5,633
22.312
12.433
9,204

18
6
23
13
10

14,049
1.711
10,828
7,598
3.761

ALL DIVISIONS -------------------------------manufacturing

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m en ts

N um ber o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

1 The O m aha Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as d efin ed b y the O ffic e o f M anagem ent and Budget through F e b r u a r y 1974, c o n s is t s o f D ou gla s and Sarpy
C ou n ties , N e b r ,; and P ottaw attam ie County, Iow a. The " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f stu d y " e s tim a te s show n in th is table p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip tio n o f
the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d ed in the s u r v e y . E s tim a te s a r e not in ten ded, h o w e v e r , f o r c o m p a r is o n w ith oth er em p lo y m e n t in d ex es to m e a s u re
em p lo y m e n t tre n d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1) planning o f w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s e s ta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in advance o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d studied, and (2) sm a ll
esta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x clu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 Th e 1967 e d itio n o f the Standard In d u stria l C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u s e d in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts b y in d u s try d iv is io n .
3 In clu d e s a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith total e m p lo y m e n t at o r a bove the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A ll o u tle ts (within the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in in d u s tr ie s such as tra d e,
fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tio n p ic tu re th e a te rs a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e sta b lis h m e n t.
4 In clu d e s a ll w o r k e r s in a ll e sta b lish m e n ts w ith to ta l em p lo y m e n t (within the a r e a ) at o r a bove the m in im u m lim ita tion .
5 A b b r e v ia te d to "p u b lic u t ilit ie s " in the A - s e r i e s t a b le s . T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid e n ta l to w a te r tr a n s p o r ta tio n a r e e x c lu d e d . O m a h a 's g a s , e l e c t r i c u tilitie s ,
and l o c a l- t r a n s it s y s te m s a r e m u n ic ip a lly o p e r a te d and a r e e x clu d e d b y d e fin itio n fr o m the s c o p e o f the study.
6 T h is d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s . S ep a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n o f data is not m ade f o r one
o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo y m e n t is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it s e p a ra te study, (2) the sa m p le w as n ot d es ig n e d in it ia lly to p e r m it
s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequ ate to p e r m it se p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) th e re is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d ivid u al e s ta b lis h m e n t data.
7 H o te ls and m o t e ls ; la u n d rie s and o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir , re n ta l, and pa rk in g ; m o tio n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip
o r g a n iz a tio n s (e x clu d in g r e lig io u s and c h a r ita b le o r g a n iz a tio n s ); and e n g in e e rin g and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .




13

Appendix B.

Occupational Descriptions

T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s is to a s s i s t
it s f ie ld s ta ff in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r ia t e o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r ie t y o f
p a y r o ll t i t le s and d if f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b lis h m e n t to e s t a b lis h m e n t and f r o m a r e a to
area.
T h is p e r m it s th e g ro u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b le jo b co n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a s is on in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t and in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ilit y o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n te n t, the
B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d if f e r s ig n ific a n t ly f r o m t h o s e in u s e in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s o r th o s e
p r e p a re d fo r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , the B u r e a u 's f i e l d e c o n o m is t s a r e
in s t r u c t e d to e x c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t ic e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; and h a n d ic a p p e d ,
p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t io n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
SECRETARY

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d

A s s ig n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to on e in d iv id u a l.
M a in ­
ta in s a c l o s e and h ig h ly r e s p o n s iv e r e la t io n s h ip to the d a y - t o - d a y w o r k o f the
s u p e r v is o r .
W o r k s f a i r l y in d e p e n d e n tly r e c e i v i n g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d
s u p e r v is io n and g u id a n c e .
P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l d u tie s ,
u s u a lly in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :

M a y a ls o p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l ta s k s o f c o m p a r a b le
n a tu r e and d if f ic u l t y .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u ir e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e r o u tin e
and u n d e r s ta n d in g o f th e o r g a n iz a t i o n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e la t e d to
th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .
E x c lu s io n s

a . R e c e i v e s te le p h o n e c a l l s , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and in c o m in g m a il ,
a n s w e r s r o u tin e in q u i r i e s , and r o u t e s t e c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s to th e p r o p e r
p erson s;
b.

E s t a b lis h e s ,

and r e v i s e s th e

s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ;

a . P o s it io n s
de ri
M a in ta in s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r and m a k e s a p p o in tm e n tss cas b e d a b o v e ;

c.
in s t r u c t e d ;
d.

m a in ta in s ,

N ot a ll p o s it io n s th at a r e t it le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e - c h a r ­
a c te r is tic s .
E x a m p le s o f p o s it io n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the d e fin itio n a r e
as fo llo w s :

R e la y s m e s s a g e s f r o m

s u p e r v is o r to

b.

s u b o r d in a t e s ;

e . R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y
o t h e r s f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s ig n a tu r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and t y p o g r a p h ic
a ccu ra cy;
f.

P e r fo r m s




s io n a l,

w h ic h

do

not

m eet

th e

"p e r s o n a l"

s e cre ta r y con cep t

S t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t fu lly t r a in e d in s e c r e t a r i a l - t y p e d u tie s ;

c . S t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v in g a s o f f i c e
t e c h n ic a l, o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ;

a s s i s t a n t s to a g r o u p o f p r o f e s ­

d . S e c r e t a r y p o s it io n s in w h ic h th e d u tie s a r e e it h e r s u b s ta n tia lly
m o r e r o u tin e o r s u b s ta n tia lly m o r e c o m p le x and r e s p o n s ib le than t h o s e c h a r ­
a c t e r i z e d in th e d e fin it io n ;

s t e n o g r a p h ic and ty p in g w o r k .

B e g in n in g w ith c a le n d a r y e a r 1976 s u r v e y s , the B u r e a u h a s g r o u p e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d in it s
a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s in to jo b f a m ilie s in o r d e r to p r e s e n t in fo r m a t io n on r e la t e d o c c u p a t io n s in s e q u e n c e .
J o b f a m i l i e s h av e n ot b e e n t it le d , h o w e v e r , s in c e d o in g so m ig h t h av e a d d e d e x t r a n e o u s e le m e n t s to th e
jo b m a t c h in g p r o c e s s .
T h e B u r e a u h as a ls o r e v is e d s e v e r a l o c c u p a t io n a l t i t le s .
w o r d o r d e r and a r e m o r e d e s c r i p t i v e o f th e s u r v e y jo b s .

14

T h e t i t l e s m o r e n e a r ly r e f l e c t u s u a l

SEC RE TAR Y---- Continued

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued
C la s s C

E x c l u s io n s ---- C o n tin u e d

e.
A s s is t a n t - t y p e p o s it io n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d if f ic u lt o r m o r e
1. S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u t iv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n ­
r e s p o n s ib le t e c h n ic a l, a d m in is t r a t iv e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c l e r i c a l
s ib ilit y is n ot e q u iv a le n t to on e o f the s p e c i f i c l e v e l s itu a tio n s in the d e fin itio n
d u tie s w h ich a r e n ot t y p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .
f o r c l a s s B , but w h o s e o r g a n iz a t io n a l unit n o r m a lly n u m b e r s at le a s t s e v e r a l
d o z e n e m p lo y e e s and is u s u a lly d iv id e d in to o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n ts w h ich a r e
o ft e n , in tu rn , fu r t h e r s u b d iv id e d .
In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , th is l e v e l in c lu d e s a
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in the l e v e l d e fin itio n s
w id e ra n g e o f o r g a n iz a t io n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly on e o r tw o ; or^
fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w ho h ave a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a t e w id e
p o lic y m a k in g r o l e w ith r e g a r d to m a j o r c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s .
T h e t it le " v ic e
2 . S e c r e t a r y to the h ead o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . (o r
p r e s id e n t , " th ou gh n o r m a lly in d ic a t iv e o f th is r o l e , d o e s n ot in a ll c a s e s
o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, f e w e r than 5 ,0 0 0
id e n tify su ch p o s it io n s .
V ic e p r e s id e n t s w h o s e p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y is to
person s.
a c t p e r s o n a lly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t io n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d en y
in d iv id u a l loa n o r c r e d i t a c t io n s ; a d m in is t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y
C la s s D
s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l s ta ff) a r e n ot c o n s i d e r e d to be " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r
1. S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v is o r o r h e a d o f a s m a ll o r g a n iz a t io n a l unit
p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e fo llo w in g le v e l d e fin it io n s .
( e . g . , f e w e r th an a b ou t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; mC la s s A
1. S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a c o m p a n y
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

2 . S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l
e m p lo y e e , a d m in is t r a t iv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s is t a n t , s k ille d te c h n ic ia n , o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E :
M a n y c o m p a n ie s a s s ig n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a th e r than s e c r e t a r i e s as
d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to th is l e v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)
STEN O G RAPH ER

2. S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r than the c h a ir m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 but f e w e r
than 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to the h e a d , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w the c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r
le v e l , o f a m a j o r s e g m e n t o r s u b s id ia r y o f a c o m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll,
o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

C la s s B

P r im a r y du ty is to ta k e d ic ta tio n u s in g s h o rth a n d , and to t r a n s c r ib e
th e d ic ta tio n .
M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w r it te n c o p y .
M ay op e ra te fro m a ste n o ­
g r a p h ic p o o l.
M a y o c c a s i o n a l l y t r a n s c r i b e f r o m v o i c e r e c o r d in g s ( i f p r im a r y
du ty is t r a n s c r ib in g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s , s e e T r a n s c r ib in g -M a c h in e T y p is t ) .
N O T E : T h is jo b is d is t in g u is h e d f r o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a lly w o r k s in a c o n fid e n t ia l r e la t io n s h ip w ith o n ly on e m a n a g e r
o r e x e c u t iv e and p e r f o r m s m o r e r e s p o n s ib le and d i s c r e t i o n a r y ta s k s a s
d e s c r i b e d in th e s e c r e t a r y jo b d e fin itio n .

1. S e c r e t a r y to the c h a ir m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a c o m p a n y
th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, f e w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
2 . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r than th e c h a ir m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but f e w e r
than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to the h e a d , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w the o f f i c e r l e v e l , o v e r
e it h e r a m a j o r c o r p o r a t io n w id e fu n c tio n a l a c t iv it y ( e . g . , m a r k e t in g , r e s e a r c h ,
o p e r a t io n s , in d u s t r ia l r e la t io n s , e t c .) o £ a m a j o r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a t io n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a j o r d iv is io n ) o f a c o m p a n y that
e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 b u t f e w e r than 2 5 , 000 e m p l o y e e s ; o r
4 . S e c r e t a r y to th e h ead o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . (o r
o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
5. S e c r e t a r y to th e h ead o f a la r g e and im p o r t a n t o r g a n iz a t io n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v is o r o f an o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t
o fte n in v o lv in g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l h u n d red p e r s o n s ) o r a c o m p a n y that
e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .




S ten ogra p h er, G en era l

keep

D ic t a t io n in v o lv e s a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y .
M a y m a in ta in f i l e s ,
s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e la t iv e ly ro u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
S t e n o g r a p h e r , S e n io r

D ic t a t io n in v o lv e s a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y su ch
a s in le g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h .
M a y a ls o s e t up and
m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s te n o g r a p h ic d u tie s r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n t ly g r e a t e r in d e ­
p e n d e n c e an d r e s p o n s ib ilit y th an s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l, a s e v id e n c e d b y the
fo llo w in g :
W o rk r e q u ir e s a h igh d e g r e e o f s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d and a c c u r a c y ;
a th o r o u g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s and o f f i c e p r o c e d u r e ; and
o f the s p e c i f i c b u s in e s s o p e r a t io n s , o r g a n iz a t io n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k f lo w , e t c .
U s e s th is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m in g s te n o g r a p h ic d u tie s and
r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l ta s k s su ch as m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b lin g
m a t e r ia l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , and l e t t e r s ; c o m p o s in g s im p le le t t e r s
f r o m g e n e r a l in s t r u c t io n s ; r e a d in g and r o u tin g in c o m in g m a il ; and a n s w e r in g
ro u tin e q u e s t io n s , e t c .

T R A N SC R IB IN G -M A C H IN E TY P IST

SW ITCH BOAR D O PER AT O R

P r i m a r y du ty is to t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u tin e
v o c a b u la r y f r o m t r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h i n e r e c o r d s .
M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w r it te n
c o p y and d o s im p le c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r ib in g d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g
a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y s u ch a s le g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s
oh s c ie n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e n ot in c lu d e d .
A w o r k e r w ho ta k e s d ic ta tio n in
s h o rth a n d o r b y S te n oty p e o r s im il a r m a c h in e i s c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r .

C la s s A .
O p e r a t e s a s in g le - o r m u lt ip le - p o s it io n te le p h o n e s w it c h ­
b o a r d h an d lin g in c o m in g , o u tg o in g , in tra p la n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s .
P e r f o r m s f u ll
te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s c o m p le x c a l l s , s u ch as c o n f e r e n c e ,
c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e it h e r in a d d itio n to d o in g r o u tin e w o r k
a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u ll- t i m e a s s ig n m e n t .
( " F u l l " te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h en th e e s ta b lis h m e n t h as
v a r ie d fu n c tio n s th a t a r e n ot r e a d il y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n
p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e o f o v e r la p p in g o r i n t e r r e la t e d fu n c t io n s , and c o n s e ­
q u e n tly p r e s e n t fr e q u e n t p r o b le m s a s to w h ic h e x t e n s io n s a r e a p p r o p r ia t e
fo r c a lls .)

T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls o r to m a k e
ou t b i l l s a ft e r c a lc u la t io n s h av e b e e n m a d e b y a n o th e r p e r s o n .
M a y in c lu d e
ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s im il a r m a t e r ia ls f o r u s e in d u p lic a t in g p r o ­
cesses.
M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g lit t le s p e c ia l t r a in in g , su ch as
k e e p in g s im p le r e c o r d s , f ilin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r tin g and d is t r ib u t in g
in c o m in g m a il .
C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f the f o llo w in g :
T y p in g m a t e r ia l
in fin a l f o r m w h en it in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r ia l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e llin g , s y lla b ic a t i o n , p u n ctu a tio n , e t c ., o f t e c h ­
n i c a l o r u n u su a l w o r d s o r f o r e ig n la n g u a g e m a t e r ia l; o r p la n n in g la y o u t and
ty p in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t is t ic a l ta b le a to m a in ta in u n ifo r m it y and b a la n c e in
s p a c in g . M a y ty p e r o u tin e f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y in g d e t a ils to su it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C la s s
ro u g h o r c l e a r
o r s e ttin g up
a lr e a d y s e t up

B.
P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g :
C o p y ty p in g f r o m
d r a f t s ; o r ro u tin e ty p in g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ;
s im p le s ta n d a rd t a b u la tio n s ; o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x t a b le s
and s p a c e d p r o p e r ly .

F IL E C L E R K
F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r i a l in an e s t a b lis h e d f ilin g
sy stem .
M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l ta s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in f i l e s .
P o s it io n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e ls on the b a s i s o f th e fo llo w in g d e f in it io n s .
C la s s A .
C l a s s i f i e s and in d e x e s f i l e m a t e r i a l su ch a s c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n ic a l d o c u m e n t s , e t c . , in an e s t a b lis h e d filin g s y s t e m
c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a t t e r f i l e s .
M a y a ls o f ile th is
m a t e r ia l.
M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p e s in c o n ju n c t io n w ith th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a ll g r o u p o f lo w e r le v e l f ile c l e r k s .
C la s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c la s s if i e d m a t e r i a l b y s im p le
( s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d in g s o r p a r t ly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r ia l b y f in e r s u b h e a d in g s .
P r e p a r e s s im p le r e la t e d in d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s .
A s req u ested ,
l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n t ifie d m a t e r ia l in f i l e s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l.
M ay
p e r fo r m
r e la t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C la s s C .
P e r f o r m s r o u tin e f ilin g o f m a t e r i a l that h as a lr e a d y b e e n
c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ich is e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s im p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
sy ste m
( e . g . , a lp h a b e t ic a l, c h r o n o l o g i c a l , o r n u m e r ic a l) .
A s req u ested ,
lo c a t e s r e a d il y a v a ila b le m a t e r ia l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r ia l; and m a y
f i l l ou t w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e .
M a y p e r f o r m s im p le c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l ta s k s
r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .
M ESSENGER
P e r f o r m s v a r io u s r o u tin e d u tie s su ch a s ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t in g
m i n o r o f f i c e m a c h in e s su ch a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g and d is t r ib u t in g
m a il , and o th e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x c lu d e p o s it io n s that r e q u ir e o p e r a t io n
o f a m o t o r v e h ic le a s a s ig n ific a n t du ty .




C la s s B . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u lt ip le - p o s it io n te le p h o n e s w it c h ­
b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g , o u tg o in g , in tr a p la n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s .
M a y h an d le
r o u tin e lo n g d is t a n c e c a l l s and r e c o r d t o l l s .
M a y p e r f o r m lim it e d te le p h o n e
in fo r m a t io n s e r v i c e .
( " L i m i t e d " te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n s e r v i c e o c c u r s i f th e
fu n c tio n s o f th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d il y u n d e r s ta n d a b le f o r t e l e ­
p h on e in fo r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , o r i f th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u tin e , e . g . , g iv in g
e x t e n s io n n u m b e r s w h en s p e c i f i c n a m e s a r e fu r n is h e d , o r i f c o m p le x c a l l s
a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r . )
T h e s e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s d o n ot in c lu d e s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s in t e l e ­
p h on e c o m p a n ie s w h o a s s i s t c u s t o m e r s in p la c in g c a l l s .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T I O N I S T
In a d d itio n to p e r f o r m in g d u tie s o f o p e r a t o r on a s in g le - p o s it io n o r
m o n i t o r - t y p e s w it c h b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t io n is t and m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r f o r m
r o u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k a s p a r t o f r e g u la r d u t ie s .
T h is ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k
m a y ta k e th e m a j o r p a r t o f t h is w o r k e r 's tim e w h ile at s w itc h b o a r d .
ORDER CLERK
R e c e i v e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a il ,
ph on e, o r p e r s o n a lly .
D u tie s in v o lv e any c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o l l o w i n g ;
Q u o tin g p r i c e s t o c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g ou t an o r d e r s h e e t lis t in g th e it e m s to
m a k e up th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s and q u a n tit ie s o f it e m s on o r d e r s h e e t;
and d is t r ib u t in g o r d e r s h e e t s to r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r tm e n t s to be f i l l e d .
M ay
c h e c k w ith c r e d i t d e p a r tm e n t to d e t e r m in e c r e d i t r a tin g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w l­
e d g e r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s , f o l l o w up o r d e r s to s e e that th e y
h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , and c h e c k sh ip p in g in v o ic e s
w ith o r ig i n a l o r d e r s .
A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e a c c o u n t in g c l e r i c a l ta s k s su ch a s p o s t in g to
r e g i s t e r s and le d g e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; v e r if y in g the in t e r n a l c o n ­
s is t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , and m a t h e m a t ic a l a c c u r a c y o f a c c o u n t in g d o c u m e n t s ;
a s s ig n in g p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t in g d is t r ib u t io n c o d e s ; e x a m in in g and v e r if y in g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s t y p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a lc u la t io n s , p o s t in g ,
e t c . ; o r p r e p a r in g s im p le o r a s s i s t in g in p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p lic a t e d jo u r n a l
vou ch ers.
M a y w o r k in e it h e r a m a n u a l o r a u to m a te d a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m .
T h e w o r k r e q u ir e s a k n o w le d g e o f c l e r i c a l m e t h o d s and o f f i c e p r a c ­
t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h r e la t e s to th e c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g and r e c o r d in g
o f t r a n s a c t io n s and a c c o u n t in g in fo r m a t io n .
W ith e x p e r i e n c e , th e w o r k e r
t y p i c a l l y b e c o m e s f a m ilia r w ith th e b o o k k e e p in g and a c c o u n tin g t e r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in th e a s s ig n e d w o r k , but i s n ot r e q u ir e d to h av e a k n o w le d g e
o f th e f o r m a l p r i n c i p l e s o f b o o k k e e p in g and a c c o u n t in g .
P o s it io n s
d e f in it io n s .

are

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e ls

on

th e

b a s is o f th e fo llo w in g

AC C O U N TIN G C L E R K — Continued

M ACH IN E B IL L E R — Continued

C la s s A .
U n d er g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r f o r m s a c c o u n t in g c l e r i c a l
o p e r a t io n s w h ic h r e q u ir e th e a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m e n t, f o r
e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s i n g c o m p lic a t e d o r n o n r e p e t it iv e a c c o u n t in g t r a n s ­
a c t i o n s , s e le c t in g a m o n g a s u b s ta n tia l v a r ie t y o f p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t in g c o d e s
and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r tr a c in g tr a n s a c t io n s th ro u g h p r e v io u s a cco u n tin g
a c tio n s to d e t e r m in e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M a y b e a s s i s t e d b y on e o r
m o r e c l a s s B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e b i l l e r .
U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (w ith o r
w ith ou t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b ills a s p a r t o f the
a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t io n .
G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s th e s im u lta n e o u s e n tr y o f
f ig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la te s
f ig u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s and c o m p u te s and u s u a lly p r in ts
a u t o m a t ic a lly th e d e b it o r c r e d i t b a la n c e s .
D o e s n ot in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e
o f b o o k k e e p in g .
W o rk s f r o m
u n ifo r m
and s ta n d a rd ty p e s o f s a le s and
c r e d i t s lip s .

C la s s B .
U n d er c l o s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s
and s ta n d a r d iz e d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e r o u tin e a c c o u n t in g c l e r ­
i c a l o p e r a t io n s , su ch a s p o s t in g to l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e
id e n t ific a t io n o f it e m s and lo c a t io n s o f p o s t in g s a r e c l e a r l y in d ic a t e d ; c h e c k in g
a c c u r a c y and c o m p le t e n e s s o f s ta n d a r d iz e d and r e p e t it iv e r e c o r d s o r
a c c o u n t in g d o c u m e n t s ; and c o d i n g
d o c u m e n t s u s in g a fe w p r e s c r i b e d
a c c o u n t in g c o d e s .

P A Y R O L L CLERK

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (w ith o r w ith ou t a t y p e w r it e r k e y ­
b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t io n s .
C la s s A . K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n o w le d g e o f and
e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m ilia r it y w ith th e s tr u c t u r e
o f th e p a r t ic u la r a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m u s e d .
D e t e r m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d is t r ib u t io n o f d e b it and c r e d it it e m s to be u s e d in e a c h p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a t e d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e t s , and o th e r r e c o r d s b y hand.

C la s s B .
K e e p s a r e c o r d o f on e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t io n s o f a
s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly r e q u ir in g lit t le k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s
o r s e c t io n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le , p a y r o ll, c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (not
in c lu d in g a s im p le ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r i b e d u n d er m a c h in e b i l l e r ) , c o s t d i s ­
t r ib u t io n , e x p e n s e d is t r ib u t io n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l, e t c .
M ay c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t io n o f t r i a l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r the a c c o u n t in g
d e p a r tm e n t .

C o m p u te s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p lo y e e s and e n te r s th e n e c e s s a r y
d a ta on th e p a y r o l l s h e e t s .
D u tie s in v o lv e :
C a lc u la tin g w o r k e r s ' e a r n in g s
b a s e d on tim e o r p r o d u c t io n r e c o r d s ; and p o s t in g c a lc u la t e d data on p a y r o ll
s h e e t , s h ow in g in fo r m a t io n s u ch a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o r k in g d a y s , t i m e , r a t e ,
d e d u c t io n s f o r in s u r a n c e , and to t a l w a g e s d u e .
M a y m a k e ou t p a y c h e c k s and
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g up and d is t r ib u t in g p a y e n v e lo p e s .
M ay u se a
c a lc u la t in g m a c h in e .
KEYPUNCH O PERA TO R
O p e r a t e s a k e y p u n ch m a c h in e to r e c o r d o r v e r i f y a lp h a b e tic a n d /o r
n u m e r ic d a ta on ta b u la tin g c a r d s o r on ta p e .
P o s it io n s
d e f in it io n s .

are

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e l s

on

th e

b a s is o f th e fo llo w in g

C la s s A .
W o rk r e q u ir e s th e a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m e n t
in s e le c t in g p r o c e d u r e s to b e f o llo w e d and in s e a r c h in g f o r , in t e r p r e t in g ,
s e le c t in g , o r c o d in g it e m s to b e k e y p u n ch e d f r o m a v a r ie t y o f s o u r c e d o c u ­
m e n ts.
On o c c a s i o n m a y a ls o p e r f o r m s o m e r o u tin e k e y p u n ch w o r k .
M ay
t r a in in e x p e r ie n c e d k ey p u n ch o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B .
W o rk is r o u tin e and r e p e t it iv e .
U n der c l o s e s u p e r v is io n
o r fo llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t io n s , w o r k s f r o m v a rio u s - s ta n ­
d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s w h ich h av e b e e n c o d e d , and f o llo w s s p e c if ie d
p r o c e d u r e s w h ich h ave b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a il and r e q u ir e lit tle o r no
s e le c t in g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g o f da ta to b e r e c o r d e d . R e f e r s to s u p e r v is o r
p r o b le m s a r is in g f r o m e r r o n e o u s it e m s o r c o d e s o r m i s s in g in fo r m a t io n .

M A C H IN E B IL L E R
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
P r e p a r e s s ta t e m e n ts , b i l l s , and i n v o ic e s on a m a c h in e o th e r than an
o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r it e r .
M a y a ls o k e e p r e c o r d s a s t o b illin g s
o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l w o r k in c id e n ta l to b illin g
o p e r a t io n s .
F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e b i l l e r s a re c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e
o f m a c h in e , a s f o llo w s :

B illin g - m a c h in e b i l l e r . U s e s a s p e c ia l b illin g m a c h in e (c o m b in a tio n
ty p in g and a d d in g m a c h in e ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s and in v o ic e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s '
p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o r a n d u m s , e t c .
U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a tio n o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n t s and sh ip p in g c h a r g e s
and e n tr y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s io n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y not b e c o m p u te d on
th e b illin g m a c h in e , and t o t a ls w h ich a r e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la te d b y
m a c h in e .
T h e o p e r a t io n u s u a lly in v o lv e s a la r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p ie s
o f the b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d and is o fte n d on e on a fa n fo ld m a c h in e .




O p e r a t e s on e o r a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s su ch a s the ta b u la to r , c a l c u ­
la t o r , c o l l a t o r , in t e r p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , e t c .
E x c lu d e d f r o m
th is d e fin itio n a r e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s .
A ls o e x c lu d e d a r e o p e r a t o r s o f
e l e c t r o n i c d ig it a l c o m p u t e r s , e v e n th ou gh th e y m a y a ls o o p e r a t e e l e c t r i c
a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e e q u ip m e n t.
P o s it io n s
d e f in it io n s .

are

c la s s ifie d

in to

l e v e ls

on

the

b a s is o f the fo llo w in g

C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s c o m p le t e r e p o r t in g and ta b u la tin g a s s ig n m e n t s
in c lu d in g d e v is in g d if f ic u lt c o n t r o l p a n e l w ir in g u n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n .
A s s ig n m e n t s t y p ic a lly in v o lv e a v a r ie t y o f lo n g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ich
o fte n a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r in g , r e q u ir in g s o m e pla n n in g o f the n a tu re
and s e q u e n c in g o f o p e r a t io n s , and the u s e o f a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s .
Is

TA B ULA T IN G - M ACH IN E O P E R A T O R — Continued

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R — Continued

t y p ic a lly in v o lv e d in t r a in in g n ew o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s o r tr a in in g
lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s and in th e o p e r a t in g s e q u e n c e s
o f lo n g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n ot in c lu d e p o s it io n s in w h ich w ir in g
r e s p o n s ib ilit y is lim it e d to s e le c t io n and in s e r t io n o f p r e w i r e d b o a r d s .

th e ta b u la to r and c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d itio n to th e s im p le r m a c h in e s u s e d b y
c la s s C o p e r a to r s .
M a y b e r e q u ir e d to d o s o m e w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s .
M a y t r a in n ew e m p lo y e e s in b a s i c m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s .

C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d in g to e s t a b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and
u n d e r s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t io n s .
A s s ig n m e n t s t y p ic a lly in v o lv e c o m p le t e but r o u ­
tin e and r e c u r r i n g r e p o r t s o r p a r t s o f l a r g e r and m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a t e s m o r e d if f ic u l t ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s su ch as

C la s s C .
U n d er s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t io n s , o p e r a t e s s im p le ta b u la tin g
o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s su ch a s th e s o r t e r , in t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c in g
p u n ch , c o l l a t o r , e t c .
A s s ig n m e n t s t y p ic a lly in v o lv e p o r t io n s o f a w o r k u n it,
f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g o r c o lla t in g r u n s , o r r e p e t it iv e o p e r a t io n s .
M ay p e r fo r m
s im p le w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s , and do s o m e filin g w o r k .

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BU SIN E SS

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS— C o n tin u e d

A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b le m s to fo r m u la t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g
th e m b y u s e o f e l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t.
D e v e lo p s a c o m p le t e
d e s c r i p t i o n o f a ll s p e c if ic a t io n s n e e d e d to e n a b le p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u ir e d d ig it a l c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m s .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g :
A n a ly z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t io n s to b e a u to m a te d and id e n t ifie s c o n d it io n s
and c r i t e r i a r e q u ir e d to a c h ie v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r and
t y p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d o c u m e n t s to b e u s e d ; o u tlin e s a c t io n s to be
p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u t e r s in s u f f ic ie n t d e t a il f o r p r e s e n t a t io n
to m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m in g ( t y p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p r e p a r a t io n o f
w o r k and da ta f lo w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d in a t e s th e d e v e lo p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b le m s and
p a r t ic ip a t e s in t r i a l ru n s o f n ew and r e v is e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s e q u ip ­
m e n t c h a n g e s to o b ta in m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l o p e r a t io n s .
(N O T E :
W ork ers
p e r f o r m in g b oth s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g s h ou ld b e c l a s s i f i e d a s
s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s i f th is is th e s k ill u s e d to d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)

d e v e lo p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in ta in in g d e p o s it o r a c c o u n t s in a b a n k , m a in ta in in g
a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b lis h m e n t , o r m a in ta in in g in v e n t o r y
a c c o u n t s in a m a n u fa c tu r in g o r w h o le s a le e s t a b lis h m e n t .)
C o n fe r s w ith p e r ­
s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m in e the da ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s
s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e im p lic a t io n s o f th e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s
to b e a p p lie d .

D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s ib le f o r the m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o th e r e l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s ­
t e m s a n a ly s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n t if ic o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b le m s .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s f o l l o w s :
C la s s A .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s in v o lv in g a l l p h a s e s o f s y s t e m a n a ly s is .
P r o b le m s a r e
c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f in pu t da ta and m u lt ip le - u s e r e q u i r e ­
m e n ts o f ou tpu t d a ta .
( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in te g r a t e d p r o d u c t io n s c h e d ­
u lin g , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in w h ich
e v e r y it e m o f e a c h ty p e is a u t o m a t ic a lly p r o c e s s e d th ro u g h th e fu ll s y s t e m
o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r ia t e fo llo w u p a c t io n s a r e in itia t e d b y th e c o m p u t e r .)
C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m in e th e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b le m s
and a d v is e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e im p lic a t io n s o f n ew o r r e v is e d
s y s t e m s o f d a ta p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t io n s .
M akes re co m m e n d a tio n s , if n eed ed ,
f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s in s t a lla t io n s o r c h a n g e s and f o r o b ta in in g
e q u ip m e n t.
M a y p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l
w h o a r e a s s ig n e d to a s s i s t .

d ir e c t io n

to

lo w e r

le v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s

C la s s B .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
p r o b le m s th at a r e r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p lic a t e d to a n a ly z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , and
op era te.
P r o b l e m s a r e o f lim it e d c o m p le x it y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input da ta
a r e h o m o g e n e o u s and th e ou tpu t d a ta a r e c l o s e l y r e la t e d .
( F o r e x a m p le ,




18

OR
W o r k s o n a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p le x da ta p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m ,
as d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o n ro u tin e a s s ig n m e n t s and
r e c e i v e s in s t r u c t io n and g u id a n c e on c o m p le x a s s i g n m e n t s .
W o rk is r e v ie w e d
f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t, c o m p lia n c e w ith i n s t r u c t io n s , and to in s u r e p r o p e r
a lig n m e n t w ith th e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .
C la s s C .
W o r k s u n d e r im m e d ia t e s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y i n g ou t a n a ly ­
s e s a s a s s ig n e d , u s u a lly o f a s in g le a c t iv it y .
A s s ig n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d to
d e v e lo p and ex p a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r ie n c e in th e a p p lic a t io n o f p r o c e d u r e s and
s k ills r e q u ir e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a ly s is w o r k .
F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s i s t a h ig h e r
l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly s t b y p r e p a r in g th e d e t a ile d s p e c if ic a t io n s r e q u ir e d b y
p r o g ra m m e rs fro m
in fo r m a t io n d e v e lo p e d b y th e h ig h e r le v e l a n a ly s t .
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BU SIN ESS
C o n v e r t s s ta t e m e n ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p ic a lly p r e p a r e d b y a
s y s t e m s a n a ly s t , in to a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s w h ich a r e r e q u ir e d
to s o lv e th e p r o b le m s b y a u to m a tic d a ta p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t.
W o rk in g f r o m
c h a r t s o r d ia g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s th e p r e c i s e in s t r u c t io n s w h ic h ,
w h en e n t e r e d in to th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d la n g u a g e , c a u s e the m a n ip u ­
la tio n o f da ta to a c h ie v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g :
A p p lie s k n o w le d g e o f c o m p u t e r c a p a b ilit ie s , m a t h e m a t ic s , l o g i c e m p lo y e d by
c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t ic u la r s u b je c t m a t t e r in v o lv e d t o a n a ly z e c h a r t s and
d ia g r a m s o f th e p r o b le m to b e p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s s e q u e n c e o f p r o g r a m
s t e p s ; w r it e s d e t a ile d f lo w c h a r t s to s h o w o r d e r in w h ic h d a ta w ill b e
p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s t h e s e c h a r t s to c o d e d in s t r u c t io n s f o r m a c h in e to f o llo w ;
t e s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s t r u c t io n s f o r o p e r a t in g p e r s o n n e l
d u r in g p r o d u c t io n ru n ; a n a ly z e s , r e v i e w s , and a lt e r s p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e
o p e r a t in g e f f i c i e n c y o r adapt to n e w r e q u ir e m e n t s ; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t and r e v i s i o n s .
(N O T E :
W o r k e r s p e r f o r m in g b oth
s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g s h o u ld be c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s
i f th is is th e s k ill u s e d to d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)

C O M PU TER P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS— Continued

C O M P U T E R O PER AT O R

D o e s n ot in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s ib le f o r the m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o th e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o ­
g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n t if ic a n d /o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .

M o n it o r s and o p e r a t e s th e c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d ig it a l c o m p u t e r to
p r o c e s s da ta a c c o r d in g to o p e r a t in g i n s t r u c t io n s , u s u a lly p r e p a r e d b y a p r o ­
gram m er.
W o rk in c lu d e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : S tu d ies in s t r u c t io n s to
d e t e r m in e e q u ip m e n t setu p and o p e r a t io n s ; lo a d s e q u ip m e n t w ith r e q u ir e d
it e m s (ta p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w it c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia r y e q u ip m e n t in to
c i r c u i t , and s t a r t s and o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d ju s tm e n ts to c o m p u t e r to
c o r r e c t o p e r a t in g p r o b le m s and m e e t s p e c j a l c o n d it io n s ; r e v ie w s e r r o r s m a d e
d u r in g o p e r a t io n and d e t e r m in e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b le m to s u p e r v is o r o r
p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a in ta in s o p e r a t in g r e c o r d s .
M a y t e s t and a s s i s t in
c o r r e c tin g p r o g ra m .

F or

w age

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

p r o g r a m m e r s a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s w h ich r e q u ir e c o m p e t e n c e in a ll p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m m in g
c o n c e p t s and p r a c t i c e s .
W o rk in g f r o m d ia g r a m s and c h a r t s w h ich id e n tify
th e n a tu re o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g s te p s to b e a c c o m p lis h e d ,
and th e r e la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n v a r io u s s te p s o f th e p r o b le m s o lv in g r o u tin e ;
p la n s th e fu ll r a n g e o f p r o g r a m m in g a c t io n s n e e d e d to e f f ic i e n t ly u t iliz e th e
c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in a c h ie v in g d e s i r e d en d p r o d u c t s .

A t th is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m in g is d if f ic u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t
m u s t b e o r g a n iz e d to p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in t e r r e la t e d but d iv e r s e p r o d u c t s f r o m
n u m e r o u s and d i v e r s e da ta e le m e n t s .
A w id e v a r ie t y and e x t e n s iv e n u m b e r
o f in t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g a c tio n s m u s t o c c u r .
T h is r e q u ir e s su ch a c t io n s as
d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t io n s w h ich ca n b e r e u s e d , e s t a b lis h m e n t o f
lin k a g e p o in ts b e tw e e n o p e r a t io n s , a d ju s tm e n ts to d a ta w hen p r o g r a m r e q u i r e ­
m e n ts e x c e e d c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c it y , and s u b s ta n tia l m a n ip u la tio n and
r e s e q u e n c in g o f d a ta e le m e n t s to f o r m a h ig h ly in te g r a t e d p r o g r a m .

M a y p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l d ir e c t io n to lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s w ho a r e
a s s ig n e d to a s s i s t .

C la s s B .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
r e la t iv e ly s im p le p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le s e g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n ts ) u s u a lly p r o c e s s in fo r m a t io n to p r o d u c e da ta in tw o
o r t h r e e v a r ie d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s .
R e p o r t s and lis t in g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y
r e fin in g , a d a p tin g , a r r a y in g , o r m a k in g m in o r a d d itio n s to o r d e le t io n s f r o m
in pu t da ta w h ic h a r e r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e
p r o c e s s e d , the d a ta h a v e b e e n r e fin e d in p r i o r a c t io n s so that th e a c c u r a c y
and s e q u e n c in g o f da ta c a n b e t e s t e d b y u sin g a fe w r o u tin e c h e c k s . T y p ic a lly ,
th e p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith r o u tin e r e c o r d k e e p in g o p e r a t io n s .
OR
W o r k s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c la s s A ) u n d e r c l o s e
d ir e c t io n o f a h ig h e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v i s o r .
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r
l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r b y in d e p e n d e n tly p e r f o r m in g l e s s d if f ic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d ,
and p e r f o r m in g m o r e d if f ic u lt ta s k s u n d e r f a i r l y c l o s e d ir e c t io n .
M a y g u id e o r in s t r u c t lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s C . M a k e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a t io n s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t i c e s
and c o n c e p t s u s u a lly le a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a in in g c o u r s e s .
A s s ig n m e n t s a r e
d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e t e n c e in th e a p p lic a t io n o f s ta n d a rd p r o c e d u r e s to
r o u tin e p r o b l e m s . R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v is io n on n ew a s p e c t s o f a s s ig n m e n t s ;
and w o r k is r e v ie w e d to v e r i f y it s a c c u r a c y and c o n fo r m a n c e w ith r e q u ir e d
procedu res.




F or

w age

stu dy

pu rposes,

co m p u te r

op era tors

are

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :
C la s s A . O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n ,
a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
N ew p r o g r a m s a r e fr e q u e n t ly t e s t e d and in t r o d u c e d ; s ch e d u lin g r e q u ir e m e n t s
a r e o f c r i t i c a l im p o r t a n c e to m i n im iz e d o w n tim e ; th e p r o g r a m s a r e o f
c o m p le x d e s ig n s o th at id e n t ific a t io n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o fte n r e q u ir e s a w o r k in g
k n o w le d g e o f th e t o t a l p r o g r a m , and a lte r n a te p r o g r a m s m a y n ot b e a v a ila b le .
M a y g iv e d ir e c t io n and g u id a n ce to lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B . O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n ,
a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
M o s t o f th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b lis h e d p r o d u c t io n r u n s , t y p ic a lly run on a
r e g u la r ly r e c u r r i n g b a s i s ; t h e r e i s lit t le o r no te s t in g o f n e w p r o g r a m s
r e q u ir e d ; a lte r n a te p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v id e d in c a s e o r ig i n a l p r o g r a m n e e d s
m a j o r ch a n g e o r ca n n o t b e c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b ly s h o rt t i m e .
In
c o m m o n e r r o r s itu a tio n s , d ia g n o s e s c a u s e and ta k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c t io n .
T h is
u s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p ly in g p r e v io u s ly p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u sin g
s ta n d a rd c o r r e c t i o n t e c h n iq u e s .
OR
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v is io n a c o m p u t e r ru nn ing p r o g r a m s o r
s e g m e n ts o f p r o g r a m s w ith th e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A .
M ay
a s s i s t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r b y in d e p e n d e n tly p e r fo r m in g l e s s d if f ic u l t ta s k s
a s s ig n e d , and p e r f o r m in g d if f ic u l t ta s k s f o llo w in g d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s and
w ith fr e q u e n t r e v ie w o f o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d .

ex p ected
a b ilit y to
r e c e iv e d
o p era tor

C la s s C .
W o r k s on r o u tin e p r o g r a m s u n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v is io n .
Is
to d e v e lo p w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f th e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t u s e d and
d e t e c t p r o b le m s in v o lv e d in ru n n in g r o u tin e p r o g r a m s .
U s u a lly has
s o m e f o r m a l tr a in in g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t io n . M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r l e v e l
on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .

DRAFTER
C la s s A .
P la n s th e g r a p h ic p r e s e n t a t io n o f c o m p le x it e m s h av in g
d is t in c t iv e d e s ig n fe a t u r e s th at d i f f e r s ig n ific a n t ly f r o m e s t a b lis h e d d r a ftin g
p re ce d e n ts.
W o r k s in c l o s e s u p p o r t w ith th e d e s ig n o r ig i n a t o r , and m a y
r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s . A n a ly z e s th e e f f e c t o f e a c h ch a n g e on the
d e t a ils o f f o r m , fu n c t io n , and p o s it io n a l r e la t io n s h ip s o f c o m p o n e n t s and p a r t s .
W o r k s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le t e d w o r k is
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r ig i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r ­
m in a t io n s .
M a y e it h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t io n b y lo w e r
le v e l d r a fte r s .

DRA F T E R — Continued

E L E C T R O N IC S TEC H N IC IAN — Continued

C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s n o n r o u tin e and c o m p le x d r a ftin g a s s ig n m e n t s
that r e q u ir e th e a p p lic a t io n o f m o s t o f th e s ta n d a r d iz e d d r a w in g te c h n iq u e s
r e g u la r ly u s e d .
D u tie s t y p ic a lly in v o lv e su ch w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g
d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s , m u lt ip le fu n c t io n s , and
p r e c i s e p o s it io n a l r e la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h it e c t u r a l
d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t io n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a il d r a w in g s o f fo u n ­
d a t io n s , w a ll s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p la n s , and r o o f .
U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u la s and
m a n u a ls in m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y c o m p u ta tio n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n titie s o f
m a t e r ia ls to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s , s t r e s s e s , e t c .
R e c e iv e s
in it ia l i n s t r u c t io n s , r e q u ir e m e n t s , and a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le t e d
w o r k is c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .

T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c lu d e s r e p a i r e r s o f su ch s ta n d a rd e l e c t r o n i c
e q u ip m e n t a s c o m m o n o f f i c e m a c h in e s and h o u s e h o ld r a d io and t e l e v i s i o n
s e t s ; p r o d u c t io n a s s e m b l e r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y du ty i s
s e r v ic in g e l e c t r o n i c t e s t in s t r u m e n t s ; t e c h n ic ia n s w h o h av e a d m in is t r a t iv e
o r s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s i g n e r s , and p r o f e s s i o n a l
e n g in e e r s .

C la s s C .
P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s o f s in g le u nits o r p a r t s f o r
e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n , m a n u fa c tu r in g , o r r e p a ir p u r p o s e s .
Types of
d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o je c t i o n s (d e p ic tin g t h r e e d im e n s io n s
in a c c u r a t e s c a le ) and s e c t i o n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s it io n in g o f c o m p o n e n t s
and c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a t io n .
C o n s o lid a t e s d e t a ils f r o m a n u m b e r o f
s o u r c e s and a d ju s ts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a le a s r e q u ir e d .
S u g g e s te d m e t h o d s o f
a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v ic e o n s o u r c e m a t e r ia ls a r e g iv e n
w ith in it ia l a s s ig n m e n t s .
I n s t r u c t io n s a r e l e s s c o m p le t e w hen a s s ig n m e n t s
recu r.
W o rk m a y be s p o t - c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

P o s it io n s
d e f in it io n s .

are

c la s s ifie d

in to

l e v e ls

on

th e

b a s is o f th e fo llo w in g

C la s s A . A p p lie s a d v a n ce d t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e u n u s u a lly
c o m p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e . , t h o s e th a t t y p ic a lly ca n n o t be s o lv e d s o le ly b y r e f e r ­
e n c e to m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a ls o r s im il a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k in g o n e l e c ­
t r o n ic e q u ip m e n t.
E x a m p le s o f s u ch p r o b le m s in c lu d e lo c a t io n and d e n s it y o f
c i r c u i t r y , e le c t r o m a g n e t ic r a d ia t io n , is o la t in g m a lf u n c t io n s , and fr e q u e n t
e n g in e e r in g c h a n g e s .
W o rk in v o lv e s :
A d e t a ile d u n d e r s ta n d in g o f th e i n t e r ­
r e la t io n s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g in d e p e n d e n t ju d g m e n t in p e r fo r m in g su ch
ta s k s a s m a k in g c i r c u i t a n a ly s e s , c a lc u la t in g w a v e f o r m s , t r a c in g r e la t io n ­
s h ip s in s ig n a l flo w ; and r e g u la r ly u sin g c o m p le x t e s t in s t r u m e n ts ( e . g . , d u a l
t r a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia tio n m e t e r s , p u ls e g e n e r a t o r s ) .

W o rk m a y b e r e v ie w e d b y s u p e r v is o r (fr e q u e n t ly an e n g in e e r o r
d e s ig n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s .
M a y p r o v id e
t e c h n ic a l g u id a n ce to lo w e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .

D R A F T E R -T R A C E R

C o p ie s p la n s and d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p la c in g t r a c in g
c lo t h o r p a p e r o v e r d r a w in g s and t r a c in g w ith p en o r p e n c il.
(D o e s not
in c lu d e t r a c in g lim it e d to p la n s p r i m a r i l y c o n s i s t in g o f s tr a ig h t lin e s and a
la r g e s c a le n ot r e q u ir in g c l o s e d e lin e a tio n .)
A N D /O R
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e t it iv e d r a w in g s o f e a s ily v is u a l iz e d it e m s .
W o rk is c l o s e l y s u p e r v is e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

C la s s B .
A p p lie s c o m p r e h e n s iv e t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e c o m ­
p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e . , t h o s e th at t y p ic a lly ca n b e s o lv e d s o l e l y b y p r o p e r ly
in t e r p r e t in g m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a ls o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k in g on
e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t.
W o rk i n v o l v e s :
A f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e in t e r r e l a t i o n ­
s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; and ju d g m e n t in d e t e r m in in g w o r k s e q u e n c e and in s e le c t in g
t o o l s and te s t in g in s t r u m e n t s , u s u a lly l e s s c o m p le x than t h o s e u s e d b y the
c l a s s A t e c h n ic ia n .
R e c e i v e s t e c h n ic a l g u id a n c e , a s r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n , and w o r k is r e v ie w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p t e d
p r a c t i c e s and w o r k a s s ig n m e n t s .
M a y p r o v id e t e c h n ic a l g u id a n ce to lo w e r
l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N

W o r k s on v a r io u s ty p e s o f e le c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t and r e la t e d d e v ic e s
b y p e r fo r m in g on e o r a c o m b in a tio n o f the f o llo w in g :
I n s t a llin g , m a in ta in in g ,
r e p a ir in g , o v e r h a u lin g , tr o u b le s h o o t in g , m o d ify in g , c o n s t r u c t in g , and t e s t in g .
W o rk r e q u ir e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a t io n o f t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e o f e l e c t r o n i c s
p r i n c i p l e s , a b ilit y to d e t e r m in e m a lf u n c t io n s , and s k ill to put eq u ip m e n t in
r e q u ir e d o p e r a t in g c o n d it io n .

T h e e q u ip m e n t— c o n s i s t in g o f e it h e r m a n y d iffe r e n t k in d s o f c i r c u i t s
o r m u lt ip le r e p e t it io n o f th e s a m e k in d o f c i r c u i t — in c lu d e s , but is not lim it e d
t o , the f o llo w in g :
(a) E le c t r o n i c tr a n s m it tin g and r e c e iv in g e q u ip m e n t ( e . g . ,
r a d a r , r a d io , t e l e v i s i o n , te le p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v ig a tio n a l a id s ), (b) d ig it a l and
a n a lo g c o m p u t e r s , and (c ) in d u s t r ia l and m e d i c a l m e a s u r in g and c o n t r o lli n g
e q u ip m e n t.




C la s s C . A p p lie s w o r k in g t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to p e r f o r m s im p le o r
r o u tin e ta s k s in w o r k in g on e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t, f o llo w in g d e t a ile d i n s t r u c ­
t io n s w h ich c o v e r v ir t u a lly a ll p r o c e d u r e s .
W o r k t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s su ch
ta s k s a s :
A s s is t in g h ig h e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s b y p e r f o r m i n g su ch a c t i v it ie s as
r e p la c in g c o m p o n e n t s , w ir in g c i r c u i t s , and ta k in g t e s t r e a d in g s ; r e p a ir in g
s im p le e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t; and u sin g t o o l s and c o m m o n te s t in s t r u m e n ts
( e . g . , m u lt im e t e r s , a u d io s ig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tu b e t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) .
Is n ot r e q u ir e d t o b e f a m ilia r w ith th e in t e r r e la t io n s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s .
T h is
k n o w le d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y b e a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a s s ig n m e n t s d e s ig n e d to
i n c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e (in c lu d in g c l a s s r o o m
tr a in in g )
so that w o r k e r ca n
a d v a n c e to h ig h e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n .
R e c e i v e s t e c h n ic a l g u id a n c e , a s r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n .
W o r k is t y p ic a lly s p o t c h e c k e d , but is g iv e n d e t a ile d r e v ie w
w h en n e w o r a d v a n c e d a s s ig n m e n t s a r e in v o lv e d .

R E G IS T E R E D IN D U S T R IA L N U RSE

R E G IS T E R E D IN D U S T R IA L N U RSE— C on tin u ed

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g iv e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e u n d er g e n e r a l m e d ic a l
d ir e c t io n to i l l o r in ju r e d e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e i l l o r
s u ffe r an a c c id e n t on the p r e m i s e s o f a f a c t o r y o r o th e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f the f o llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t a id to th e i l l o r
in ju r e d ; a tte n d in g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s in g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n ju r ie s ; k e e p in g
r e c o r d s o f p a tie n ts t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t io n o r

o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t in g in p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s and h ealth e v a lu a tio n s o f
a p p lic a n t s and e m p lo y e e s ; and p la n n in g and c a r r y i n g out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g
h ea lth e d u c a t io n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a lu a tio n o f plan t e n v ir o n m e n t , o r
o t h e r a c t i v it ie s a ffe c t in g the h e a lth , w e l f a r e , and s a fe t y o f a ll p e r s o n n e l.
N u r s in g s u p e r v i s o r s o r h ea d n u r s e s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e than
o n e n u r s e a r e e x c lu d e d .

MAINTENANCE, TOOLROOM, AND POWERPLANT
M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R

M A IN T E N A N C E M A C H IN IST

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u tie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t and m a in ta in
in g o o d r e p a ir b u ild in g w o o d w o r k and eq u ip m e n t su ch a s b in s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s ,
b e n c h e s , p a r t it io n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , and t r im m a d e o f w o o d
in an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g :
P la n n in g and
la y in g out o f w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t io n s ;
u s in g a v a r ie t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o ls , p o r t a b le p o w e r t o o l s , and s ta n d a rd
m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g s ta n d a rd sh op co m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n ­
s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e le c t in g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y f o r th e w o r k .
In g e n e r a l,
th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r i ­
e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g
and e x p e r i e n c e .

P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s and n e w p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a ir s o f
m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o rk
in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g ; I n te r p r e tin g w r itte n in s t r u c t io n s and s p e c i ­
f ic a t io n s ; p la n n in g and la y in g ou t o f w o r k ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in is t 's
h a n d to o ls and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a t in g
s ta n d a rd m a c h in e t o o l s ; s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g
s ta n d a rd sh op c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o lin g , f e e d s ,
and s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f the w o r k in g p r o p e r t ie s o f th e c o m m o n
m e t a ls ; s e le c t in g s ta n d a rd m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , and e q u ip m e n t r e q u ir e d f o r th is
w o r k ; and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a r t s in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t. In g e n e r a l,
th e m a c h in is t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a ro u n d e d tr a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p
p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R IC IA N
M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M a c h in e r y )
P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c tio n s su ch a s th e in s t a l­
la tio n , m a in te n a n c e , o r r e p a ir o f e q u ip m e n t f o r the g e n e r a tio n , d is t r ib u t io n ,
o r u t iliz a t io n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e f o llo w in g ; in s t a llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip ­
m e n t su ch a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w it c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n its, co n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m is s io n
e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , la y o u ts , o r o th e r s p e c i f i ­
c a t i o n s ; lo c a t in g and d ia g n o s in g tr o u b le in th e e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip ­
m e n t; w o r k in g s ta n d a rd co m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s o f w ir in g
o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; and u sin g a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls and
m e a s u r in g and te s t in g in s t r u m e n t s .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n ce
e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M o t o r V e h ic le s )

M A IN T E N A N C E P A IN T E R

P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w o o d w o r k , and fix t u r e s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s th e f o l l o w i n g ; K n o w le d g e o f s u r fa c e p e c u lia r it ie s
and ty p e s o f pa in t r e q u ir e d f o r d if f e r e n t a p p lic a t io n s ; p r e p a r in g s u r f a c e f o r
p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p la c in g pu tty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o le s and
i n t e r s t i c e s ; and a p p ly in g pain t w ith s p r a y gun o r b r u s h .
M a y m ix c o l o r s ,
o i l s , w h ite le a d , and o th e r pain t in g r e d ie n t s to ob ta in p r o p e r c o l o r o r
c o n s i s t e n c y . In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p a in te r r e q u ir e s rou n d ed
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .




R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g ; E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l
e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d is m a n t lin g o r p a r t ly d is m a n t lin g
m a c h in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly in v o lv e th e u s e o f h a n d to o ls in
s c r a p in g and fittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t iv e p a r ts w ith it e m s
o b ta in e d f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r in g th e p r o d u c t io n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a rt b y a
m a c h in e sh op o r s e n d in g the. m a c h in e to a m a c h in e sh o p f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s ;
p r e p a r in g w r it te n s p e c if ic a t io n s f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r f o r the p r o d u c t io n o f
p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e s h o p s ; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m a k in g a ll
n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts f o r o p e r a t io n .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f a m a c h in e r y
m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly
a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i ­
en ce.
E x c lu d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y d u tie s
in v o lv e s e ttin g up o r a d ju s tin g m a c h in e s .

21

R e p a ir s a u t o m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u to m o tiv e e q u ip ­
m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g e q u ip m e n t and p e r fo r m in g
r e p a ir s th at in v o lv e th e u s e o f su ch h a n d to o ls a s w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r i l l s ,
o r s p e c ia liz e d e q u ip m e n t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n
o r d e f e c t iv e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g and a d ju s tin g v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and
in s t a llin g th e v a r io u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h ic le and m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t­
m e n t s ; and a lig n in g w h e e ls , a d ju s tin g b r a k e s and lig h ts , o r tig h te n in g b o d y
bo*lts.
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m o t o r v e h ic le m a in te n a n ce m e c h a n ic
r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E M ECH ANIC (M otor V e h icle s)— Continued

M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R (T oolroom )

T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s n ot in c lu d e m e c h a n ic s w h o r e p a ir c u s t o m e r s '
v e h i c l e s in a u t o m o b ile r e p a ir s h o p s .

S p e c ia liz e s in th e o p e r a t io n o f on e o r m o r e ty p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s ,
su ch a s ji g b o r e r s , c y l i n d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s ; e n g in e la th e s ; o r m i llin g
m a c h in e s , in th e c o n s t r u c t io n o f m a c h in e -s h o p t o o l s , g a u g e s , j i g s , f ix t u r e s ,
o r d ie s .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g and p e r f o r m in g
d if f ic u l t m a c h in in g o p e r a t io n s ; p r o c e s s i n g it e m s r e q u ir in g c o m p lic a t e d s e tu p s
o r a h igh d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r ie t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g i n s t r u ­
m e n t s ; s e le c t in g f e e d s , s p e e d s , t o o lin g , and o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e ; and m a k in g
n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts d u r in g o p e r a t io n to a c h ie v e r e q u is it e t o l e r a n c e s o r
d im e n s io n s .
M a y b e r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n i z e w h en t o o l s n e e d d r e s s i n g , to
d r e s s t o o l s , and to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s and cu ttin g and lu b r ic a t in g o i l s .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s ( t o o lr o o m )
in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g s h o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th is c l a s s if i c a t io n .

M A IN T E N A N C E P I P E F I T T E R
I n s t a lls o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s te a m , g a s , o r o th e r t y p e s o f p ip e and
p ip e fitt in g s in an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : L a y in g
out w o r k and m e a s u r in g to lo c a t e p o s it io n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o th e r
w r it te n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u ttin g v a r io u s s i z e s o f p ip e to c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith
c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y le n e t o r c h o r p ip e -c u t t in g m a c h in e s ; th r e a d in g
p ip e w ith s t o c k s and d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d -d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n
m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s and fa s t e n in g p ip e to h a n g e r s ;
m a k in g s ta n d a rd s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to p r e s s u r e s , f lo w , and s iz e o f
p ip e r e q u ir e d ; and m a k in g s ta n d a rd t e s t s to d e t e r m in e w h e th e r fin is h e d p ip e s
m e e t s p e c ific a t io n s .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e p ip e fit t e r
r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
W o rk e rs p r im a r ily
e n g a g e d in in s t a llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g s a n ita tio n o r h e a tin g s y s t e m s
a r e e x c lu d e d .
M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R
F a b r i c a t e s , in s t a l l s , and m a in ta in s in g o o d r e p a ir th e s h e e t - m e t a l
e q u ip m e n t and f ix t u r e s ( s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e lv e s ,
l o c k e r s , ta n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e t a l r o o f in g ) o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ;
P la n n in g and la y in g out a ll ty p e s o f
s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , m o d e l s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i ­
c a t i o n s ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a t in g a ll a v a ila b le ty p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g
m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r ie t y o f h a n d to o ls in c u ttin g , b e n d in g , f o r m in g , sh a p in g ,
fitt in g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s t a llin g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u ir e d .
In
g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d
t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a lls n e w m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t, and d is m a n t le s and
in s t a lls m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h en c h a n g e s in the pla n t la y o u t a r e
r e q u ir e d .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g ;
P la n n in g and la y in g out
w o r k ; in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f h a n d t o o l s and r ig g in g ; m a k in g s ta n d a rd sh op c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g tor s t r e s s e s ,
s tr e n g th o f m a t e r i a l s , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lig n in g and b a la n c in g e q u ip ­
m e n t; s e le c t in g s ta n d a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t, and p a r t s to be u s e d ; and in s t a llin g
and m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m is s io n e q u ip m e n t su ch a s d r iv e s
and s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l, th e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a
r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in the t r a d e a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R
A s s i s t s on e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , b y
p e r f o r m in g s p e c i f i c o r g e n e r a l d u tie s o f l e s s e r s k ill, s u ch as k e e p in g a
w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r ia ls and t o o l s ; c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e ,
and e q u ip m e n t; a s s i s t in g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls o r t o o l s ; and p e r ­
f o r m in g o t h e r u n s k ille d ta s k s a s d ir e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o r k
th e h e lp e r i s p e r m it t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e ;
In s o m e
t r a d e s th e h e lp e r is c o n fin e d to s u p p ly in g , lift in g , and h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls and
t o o l s , and c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; and in o t h e r s he is p e r m it t e d to p e r f o r m
s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e a ls o p e r f o r m e d
b y w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .




T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
C o n s t r u c t s and r e p a i r s m a c h in e -s h o p t o o l s , g a u g e s , j i g s , fix t u r e s
o r d ie s f o r f o r g i n g s , p u n c h in g , and o th e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o rk
in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ; P la n n in g and la y in g ou t w o r k a c c o r d in g to
m o d e l s , b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , o r o t h e r o r a l and w r it te n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u sin g
a v a r ie t y o f t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u ­
m e n t s ; u n d e r s ta n d in g o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a ls and a llo y s ;
s e tt in g up and o p e r a t in g o f m a c h in e t o o l s and r e la t e d e q u ip m e n t; m a k in g
n e c e s s a r y sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s ,
and t o o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t -t r e a t in g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g fa b r i c a t io n a s
w e ll a s o f f in is h e d t o o l s and d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a lit ie s ; w o r k in g to
c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; fitt in g and a s s e m b lin g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s
and a llo w a n c e s ; and s e le c t in g a p p r o p r ia t e m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , and p r o c e s s e s .
In g e n e r a l, th e t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's w o r k r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d t r a in in g in
m a c h in e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m
p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , t o o l and d ie m a k e r s in
t o o l and d ie jo b b in g s h o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

S T A T IO N A R Y E N G IN E E R
O p e r a t e s and m a in ta in s and ’m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e the o p e r a t io n o f
s t a t io n a r y e n g in e s and e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to su p p ly the
e s t a b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , h e a t, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r c o n d it io n in g .
W o rk i n v o l v e s :
O p e r a tin g and m a in ta in in g e q u ip m e n t su ch as
s te a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b in e s , v e n tila tin g
and r e f r i g e r a t i n g e q u ip m e n t, s te a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a te r p u m p s ;
m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; and k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y ,
t e m p e r a t u r e , and f u e l c o n s u m p t io n .
M a y a ls o s u p e r v is e th e s e o p e r a t io n s .
H ead o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e than on e e n g in e e r
a r e e x c lu d e d .

B O IL E R T E N D E R
F ir e s
s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r s to fu r n is h th e e s t a b lis h m e n t in w h ich
e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t, p o w e r , o r s te a m .
F e e d s f u e ls to f i r e b y hand o r
o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; and c h e c k s w a t e r and
s a fe t y v a lv e s .
M a y c le a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a ir in g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
TR U CK DR IVER

W A R E H O U S E M A N — C o n tin u e d

D r i v e s a t r u c k w ithin a c i t y o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e ­
r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e , equipm ent, o r w o r k e r s betw een v a rio u s types of e s ta b ­
lish m en ts such as:
M a n u f a c t u r in g p la n t s , f r e i g h t d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e ­
s a le and r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e t w e e n r e t a i l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o l o a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k with
o r w it h ou t h e l p e r s , m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p t r u c k in g o o d
w o r k i n g order.
S a l e s - r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e e x c l u d e d .

E x c l u d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u t ie s i n v o l v e ship pin g and r e c e i v i n g
w o r k ( s e e Sh ip pin g and R e c e i v i n g C l e r k and Shipping P a c k e r ) , o r d e r f i l l i n g
(se e O rd e r F il le r ) , or operating p ow er tru ck s (se e P o w e r - T r u c k O p e r a t o r ).

ORDER FIL LE R
F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f i n i s h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d
m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r other in stru ctio n s.
M a y , in a d d itio n to f i l l i n g o r d e r s and i n d i ­
c a t i n g i t e m s f i l l e d o r o m i t t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i s i t i o n
a d d i t i o n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p l i e s to s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m o t h e r
r e l a t e d d u t ie s .

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e and
ty pe o f e q u i p m e n t , a s f o l l o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld be r a t e d on the b a s i s
of tr a ile r ca pa city.)
T r u c k d r i v e r , light t r u c k ( u n d e r 1 V2 to n s)
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d i u m t r u c k (1 V2 to and i n c lu d in g 4 t o n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y t r u c k ( t r a i l e r ) ( o v e r 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y t r u c k ( o t h e r than t r a i l e r ) ( o v e r 4 to n s )

S H IP P IN G P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s f i n i s h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e by p l a c i n g t h e m
in sh ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s , the s p e c i f i c o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d b e i n g d e p e n d e n t upon
the ty p e , s i z e , and n u m b e r o f units to be p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n t a i n e r
e m p l o y e d , and m e t h o d o f s h ip m e n t .
W o r k r e q u i r e s the p l a c i n g o f i t e m s in
sh ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s and m a y i n v o l v e o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : K n o w le d g e
o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r t o v e r i f y c o n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e
ty p e and s i z e o f c o n t a i n e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u sin g e x c e l s i o r
o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g and s e a l i n g c o n ­
t a i n e r ; and a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r i n g id e n t i f y in g data on c o n t a i n e r .
Packers
w bq^also m ake wooden b o x e s o r c r a t e s are excluded.

SH IP P IN G A N D R E C E I V I N G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h ip m e n t , o r r e c e i v e s and i s r e s p o n s i b l e
f o r in c o m in g shipm en ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r other m a t e r ia ls .
Sh ipping w o r k
in volves:
A k n o w l e d g e o f ship pin g p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a ila b le
m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , and r a t e s ; and p r e p a r i n g r e c o r d s o f the g o o d s
s h i p p e d , m a k i n g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s t i n g w e ig h t and s h ip pin g c h a r g e s , and
k e e p i n g a f ile o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s .
M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g the
m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h ip m e n t .
R e ce iv in g w ork i n v o l v e s : V erifyin g o r d irectin g
o t h e r s in v e r i f y i n g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f s h i p m e n t s a g a in s t b i l l s o f la din g,
i n v o i c e s , o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k i n g f o r s h o r t a g e s and r e j e c t i n g d a m a g e d
g o o d s ; r o u tin g m e r c h a n d i s e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; and m a i n ­
ta in in g n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and f i l e s .
F or wage

stu dy p u r p o s e s ,

w orkers

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G L A B O R E R
A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g plant, s t o r e , o r
o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t w h o s e d u t ie s i n v o l v e o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g :
L o a d in g and u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s and m e r c h a n d i s e on o r f r o m f r e i g h t
c a r s , tr u c k s , o r oth er tr an sp o rtin g d e v ic e s ; unpacking, shelving, o r placing
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n ; and t r a n s p o r t i n g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e by handtruck, c a r , o r w h e e lb a rr o w .
Longshore
w o r k e r s , w h o lo a d and u n lo a d s h i p s , a r e e x c l u d e d .

a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :

Sh ip pin g c l e r k
R eceivin g clerk
Sh ip pin g and r e c e i v i n g c l e r k

WAREHOUSEMAN
P O W E R -T R U C K O PE R A TO R
A s d i r e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f w a r e h o u s i n g d u tie s w h ich r e q u i r e
an u n d e r s t a n d in g o f the e s t a b l i s h m e n t ' s s t o r a g e p l a n .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t
o f the f o l l o w i n g : V e r i f y i n g m a t e r i a l s ( o r m e r c h a n d i s e ) a g a in s t r e c e i v i n g
d o c u m e n t s , n o tin g and r e p o r t i n g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and o b v i o u s d a m a g e s ; ro u tin g
m a t e r i a l s to p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n s ; s t o r i n g , s t a c k in g , o r p a l l e t i z i n g
m a t e r i a l s in a c c o r d a n c e with p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m e t h o d s ; r e a r r a n g i n g and
t a k i n g i n v e n t o r y o f s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s ; e x a m i n i n g s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s and
r e p o r t i n g d e t e r i o r a t i o n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s t o r a g e and
p r e p a r i n g it f o r s h ip m e n t .
M a y o p e r a t e hand o r p o w e r t r u c k s in p e r f o r m i n g
w a r e h o u s i n g d u tie s .




O p e ra te s a m an ually co n tr o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d truck
o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t g o o d s and m a t e r i a l s o f a l l kin d s about a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t, o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t .

truck,

F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s
as fo llo w s :

a r e c l a s s i f i e d by ty pe o f p o w e r -

F ork lift o p erator
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r ( o t h e r than f o r k l i f t )

23

GUARD A N D W A TC H M A N

JAN ITO R , P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R

G u ard.
P e r f o r m s r o u tin e p o l i c e d u t ie s , e it h e r at f ix e d p o s t o r on
t o u r , m a in ta in in g o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
In c lu d e s
g u a rd s w h o a r e s ta t io n e d at g a te and c h e c k on id e n t it y o f e m p lo y e e s and
o t h e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .

C le a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d it io n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l
o r o th e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f the f o l l o w i n g :
S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g c h ip s , t r a s h ,
and o t h e r r e f u s e ; d u s tin g e q u ip m e n t, f u r n it u r e , o r f ix t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l
f ix t u r e s o r t r im m in g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p lie s and m i n o r m a in te n a n ce s e r v i c e s ;
and c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s w ho s p e c i a l i z e
in w in d o w h a s h in g a r e e x c lu d e d .

W a tch m a n .
M a k e s ro u n d s o f p r e m i s e s
p r o p e r t y a g a in s t f i r e , t h e ft, and i l l e g a l e n tr y .




p e r io d ic a lly

in

p r o t e c t in g

24

Area Wage Surveys
A list o f the latest available bulletins is p resen ted below . A d ir e cto ry of a rea wage studies including m o re lim ited studies conducted at the request o f the
Em ploym ent Standards A dm in istration o f the U.S. Departm ent o f L abor is available on requ est. Bulletins m ay be pu rch ased fro m any o f the BLS region al o ffic e s shown
on the back c o v e r o r fr o m the Superintendent o f D ocum ents, U.S. G overnm ent Printing O ffice , W ashington, D .C. 20402
A re a
Akron, Ohio, D ec. 1975____________________________________________
Albany—
Schenectady—T r o y, N.Y., Sept. 1976_______________________
Anaheim—
Santa Ana-G ard en Grove, Calif., Oct. 19751___________
Atlanta, Ga., May 1976____________________________________________
Austin, T ex ., D ec. 19751 __________________________________________
B alt im ore, Md., Aug. 1976________________________________________
Billings , Mont., July 1976_________________________________________
Binghamton, N.Y.— a ., July 197 6 1 ________________________________
P
Birm ingham, Ala ., M ar. 1976 1____________________________________
Boston, M a s s ., Aug. 1976__________________________________________
Buffalo, N.Y ., Oct. 19751__________________________________________
Canton, Ohio, May 1976___________________________________________
Chattanooga, Tenn.—
Ga., Sept. 1976_______________________________
Chicago, 111., May 1976____________________________________________
Cincinnati, Ohio— y.—Ind., M ar. 1976____________________________
K
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1976_______________________________________
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 19751 ______________________________________
Corpus Christi, Tex ., July 1976__________________________________
D a lla s -F o r t Worth, Te x., Oct. 19751 ____________________________
Davenport— o ck Island—
R
Moline, Iowa—
111., F e b . 1976____________
Dayton, Ohio, D ec. 1975___________________________________________
Daytona Beach, F la ., Aug. 1976 __________________________________
Denver—
Boulder, C o lo ., D ec. 1975________________________________
Detroit, Mich., Mar. 1976 1_______________________________________
F o r t Lauderdale—
Hollywood and West Palm B e a ch B o ca Raton, Fla ., Apr. 1976_____________________________________
F r e sn o , Ca lif., June 1976_________________________________________
Gainesville, F la ., Sept. 1976______________________________________
Green Bay, W is ., July 1976_______________________________________
G re e n sb o ro —
Winston-Salem—
High Point, N.C., Aug. 1976_______
Greenville—
Spartanburg, S.C., June 1976 1 _______________________
Hartford, Conn., Mar. 1976_______________________________________
Houston, Tex ., A pr. 1976__________________________________________
Huntsville, Ala., F e b . 1976 _______________________________________
Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1976______________________________________
Jackson, M is s ., F e b . 1976_________________________________________
Jack son vil le, F la ., D ec. 1975______________________________________
Kansas City, Mo.—
Kans., Sept. 1976 1 ____________________________
Lexington—
Fayette, K y., Nov. 19751______________________________
Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif., Oct. 1975 1 ____________________
Lou is ville , Ky.—Ind., Nov. 1975___________________________________
Melbourne—
Titusville— o co a , F la ., Aug. 1975___________________
C
Memphis, Tenn.— rk.— is s ., Nov. 1975__________________________
A
M

Digitized* for FRASER
Prices are determined by the Government Printing Office and are subject to change.
* Data on establishment
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/ practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

Bulletin number
and p r ic e *
1850-80,
1900-59,
1850-75,
1900-30,
1850-83,
1900-52,
1900-39,
1900-49,
1900-11,
1900-53,
1850-69,
1900-28,
1900-57,
1900-32,
1900-7,
1900-62,
1850-78,
1900-41,
1850-59,
1900-25,
1850-73,
1900-45,
1850-82,
1900- 15,

45 cents
55 cents
85 cents
85 cents
75 cents
85 cents
55 cents
85 cents
95 cents
85 cents
95 cents
55 cents
55 cents
$1.05
75 cents
95 cents
95 cents
55 cents
$1.50
55 cents
45 cents
45 cents
75 cents
$1.25

1900-20,
1900-29,
1900-54,
1900-37,
1900-47,
1900-36,
1900-14,
1900-26,
1900- 17,
1900-58,
1900-8,
1850-81,
1900-60,
1850-84,
1850-86,
1850-79,
1850-54,
1850-85,

55 cents
55 cents
45 cents
55 cents
65 cents
85 cents
55 cents
85 cents
55 cents
75 cents
55 cents
45 cents
$1.05
75 cents
$1.15
45 cents
65 cents
45 cents

A re a

Bulletin number
and p r ic e *

1850-76, 95 cents
Mia m i, Fla ., Oct. 1975___________________________________ ___ __ _
Milwaukee, W is ., Apr. 1976______________________________________ 1900-22, 85 cents
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn.— is ., Jan. 1976____________________ 1900-3, 95 cents
W
Nassau-Suffolk, N.Y ., June 1976_________________________________ 1900-35, 85 cents
Newark, N.J., Jan. 1976__________________________________________ 1900-10, 85 cents
New O rleans, La., Jan. 1976_____________________________________ 1900-2, 75 cents
New York , N . Y .- N .J ., May 1976__________________________________ 1900-48, $1.05
Norfolk—
Vir gin ia Beach—
Portsmouth , V a ^ N . C . , May 19761____ 1900-27, 85 cents
Norfolk—
Vir gin ia Beach—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va,—
N.C., May 19761 _____________ ___________________ 1900-33, 85 cents
Northeast Pennsylvania, Aug. 1976_______________________________ 1900-43, 65 cents
Oklahoma City, Okla., Aug. 1976_________________________________ 1900-42, 55 cents
Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa, Oct. 1976____________________________________ 1900-61, 55 cents
Pate rs o n-C lifto n — a s s a ic , N.J., June 1976______________________ 1900-38, 55 cents
P
Philadelphia, P a ^ N . J . . Nov. 1975________________________________ 1850-65, 85 cents
Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 19761 ______________________________________ 1900-1, $1 .15
Portland , Maine, Nov. 1975_______________________________________ 1850-72, 45 cents
Portland, Oreg.—
Wash., May 1976________________________________ 1900-51, 75 cents
Pough keepsie, N.Y ., June 1976_____________________________ _____ 1900-50, 45 cents
Poughkeepsie-Kings ton—
Newburgh, N.Y ., June 1976_____________ 1900-55, 55 cents
P r o v id e n ce —
Warwick—
Pawtucket, R.I,— a s s ., June 1976________ 1900-31, 75 cents
M
Raleigh—
Durham, N.C., F e b . 1976________________________________ 1900-18, 55 cents
Richmond, Va., June 1976_________________________________________ 1900-34, 65 cents
St. Louis, Mo,—
111., Mar. 19761 __________________________________ 1900- 19, $1.25
Sacramento, Calif., D e c. 1975____________________________________ 1850-87, 45 cents
Saginaw, M ich., Nov. 1975___________________________________ ____ 1850-71, 35 cents
Salt Lake City—
Ogden, Utah, Nov. 19751_________________________ 1850-74, 75 cents
San Antonio, Tex ., May 1976_____________________________________ 1900-23, 65 cents
San D iego, Calif., Nov. 1975______________________________________ 1850-77, 45 cents
San F r a n c is c o —
Oakland, Calif., Mar. 1976______________________
1900-9, 95 cents
San J o s e , Calif., Mar. 1976_______________________________________ 1900-13, 75 cents
Seattle—
Everett, Wash., Jan. 1976__________________________ __ ___ 1900-6, 65 cents
South Bend, Ind., M ar. 1976______________________________________ 1900-5, 55 cents
Stamford, Conn., May 19761______________________________________ 1900-40, 85 cents
Syr ac use, N.Y ., July 1976_________________________________________ 1900-44, 55 cents
Tole do, Ohio—
Mich ., May 1976____________________________________ 1900-24, 55 cents
Trenton, N.J., Sept. 1976_________________________________________
1900-56, 55 cents
U t ica -R o m e , N.Y ., July 19751____________________________________ 1850-48, 80 cents
Washington, D .C ^ -M d .-V a., Mar. 1976___________________________ 1900- 12, 85 cents
W e stche ste r County, N.Y ., May 1976____________________________ 1900-46, 55 cents
Wichita, Kans., Apr . 1976_________________________________________ 1900-21, 55 cents
W o r c e s t e r , M a ss., Apr. 1976____________________________________
1900- 16, 55 cents
Y ork, Pa., Fe b . 1976______________________________________________ 1900-4, 55 cents

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region I
Region I
I
Region I I
I
Region IV
1603 JFK Federal Building
Suite 3400
3535 Market Street,
Suite 540
Government Center
1515 Broadway
P.O. Box 13309
1371 Peachtree St., N.E.
Boston, Mass. 02203
N e w York, N.Y. 10036
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Atlanta. Ga. 30309
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
Phone: 662-5406 (Area Code 212)
Phone: 596-1154 (Area Code 215)
Phone:881-4418 (Area Code 404)
Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
N e w Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

N e w Jersey
N e w York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Delaware
District of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Region V
.Region VI
Regions VII and VIII
Regions IX and X
9th Floor, 230 S. Dearborn St.
Second Floor
Federal Office Building
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Chicago, I I 60604
I.
555 Griffin Square Building
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
Box 36017
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)
Dallas. Tex. 75202
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code
Illinois
Indiana
VII
VIII
IX
X
Arkansas
Michigan
Arizona
Alaska
Louisiana
Iowa
Colorado
California
Idaho
Minnesota
Montana
Kansas
N e w Mexico
Hawaii
Oregon
Ohio
Missouri
North Dakota
Oklahoma
Washington
Nebraska
South Dakota
Nevada
Wisconsin
Texas
Utah
Wyoming





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102