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Area Wage Survey
Poughkeepsie, New York,
Metropolitan Area, June 1976
Bulletin 1900-50
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics




,\ V

&

Preface
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r o v i d e s r e s u l t s o f a June 1976 s u r v e y o f
o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s in th e P o u g h k e e p s i e , N . Y . , S t a n d a r d M e t r o ­
p o li t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a ( D u t c h e s s C o u n t y ).
The survey was m ade
as p a r t o f th e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s ' ann ua l a r e a w a g e
s u r v e y p r o g r a m , w h i c h i s d e s i g n e d to y i e l d da ta f o r i n d i v i d u a l
m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s as w e l l a s n a t i o n a l and r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s f o r
a ll S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s in t h e U n ite d S t a t e s ,
e x c l u d i n g A l a s k a and H a w a i i .

A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m
is th e n e e d to d e s c r i b e th e l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a
v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s , t h r o u g h th e a n a l y s i s o f ( 1 ) th e l e v e l
and d i s t r i b u t i o n o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t i o n , and ( 2 ) th e m o v e m e n t
o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l .
The program
d e v e l o p s i n f o r m a t i o n that m a y b e u s e d f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s , i n ­
c l u d i n g w a g e and s a l a r y a d m i n i s t r a t i o n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g ,
and a s s i s t a n c e in d e t e r m i n i n g pla nt l o c a t i o n .
Su rvey resu lts also
a r e u s e d b y t h e U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r to m a k e w a g e d e t e r ­
m i n a t i o n s u n d e r t h e S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t o f 1965.

C u r r e n t l y , 84 a r e a s a r e i n c l u d e d in th e p r o g r a m .
(See
l i s t o f a r e a s on i n s i d e b a c k c o v e r . )
In e a c h a r e a , o c c u p a t i o n a l




e a r n i n g s da ta a r e c o l l e c t e d a n n u a lly .
In fo rm a tio n on e s t a b lis h ­
m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e f i t s i s o b t a i n e d e v e r y
th ird y e a r .
E a c h y e a r a f t e r a ll i n d i v i d u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s h a v e
been c o m p le t e d , tw o s u m m a r y bulletin s a re issu ed .
The first
b r i n g s t o g e t h e r da ta f o r e a c h m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; t h e
s e c o n d p r e s e n t s n a t i o n a l and r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s , p r o j e c t e d f r o m
i n d iv id u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a da ta .
The P o u g h k e e p s ie s u r v e y w a s co n d u cte d by the B u r e a u 's
r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n
o f A n t h o n y J. F e r r a r a , A s s i s t a n t R e g i o n a l C o m m i s s i o n e r f o r
O pera tion s.
T h e s u r v e y c o u l d n o t h a v e b e e n a c c o m p l i s h e d w ith o u t
t h e c o o p e r a t i o n o f t h e m a n y f i r m s w h o s e w a g e and s a l a r y da ta
p r o v i d e d t h e b a s i s f o r th e s t a t i s t i c a l i n f o r m a t i o n in t h i s b u l l e t i n .
T h e B u r e a u w i s h e s to e x p r e s s
s i n c e r e a p p r e c ia tio n fo r the
coop era tion re ce iv e d .

Note:
C u rre n t r e p o r t s on o c c u p a t i o n a l
earn ings
P o u g h k e e p s ie a r e a a r e a v a ila b le f o r the m e t a lw o r k in g ,
and s t o r a g e , and l a u n d r y i n d u s t r i e s .

in th e
m ov ing

Bulletin 1900-50

A rea W age Survey:
Poughkeepsie, New York,

November 1976

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, W. J. Usery, Jr., Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS, Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

M etropolitan A rea
June 1976

Contents

Page

I n t r o d u c t i o n ___________________________________________

2

Page
A ppendix A .
A ppendix B.

S c o p e and m e t h o d o f s u r v e y _________
O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ___________

7
10

T a b le s t
A.

E arn ings:
A - l . W e e k l y e a r n i n g s o f o f f i c e w o r k e r s __
A -2 . W eek ly earn ings o f p r o fe s s io n a l
and t e c h n i c a l w o r k e r s _______________
A - 3 . A v e r a g e w e e k ly earn ings o f o f fic e ,
p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l
w o r k e r s , b y s e x ______________________
A - 4 . H ou rly e a rn in g s-o f m ain ten a nce,
t o o l r o o m , and p o w e r p l a n t
w o r k e r s _________________________ ._______
A - 5 . H ou rly earnings o f m a te r ia l
m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d i a l
w o r k e r s _________________________________
A - 6 . A v e r a g e h o u rly earn ings of
m ain ten ance, t o o lr o o m , p o w e r p l a n t , m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t , and
c u s t o d i a l w o r k e r s , b y s e x _________
A - 7 . P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s in a v e r a g e
h ou rly earnings fo r se le c te d
o ccu p a tion a l g r o u p s , adjusted
f o r e m p l o y m e n t s h i f t s _______________




3
3

4

4

5

5

6

1

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing
O ffice, Washington, D. C. 20402, GPO Bookstores, or BLS Regional
Offices listed on back cover. Price 45 cents. Make checks payable to
Superintendent of Documents.




Introduction
( c ) m a i n t e n a n c e , t o o l r o o m , and p o w e r p l a n t , and (d)
m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d i a l .
In the 31 l a r g e s t
s u r v e y a r e a s , tables A - l a through A - 6 a p r o v id e
s i m i l a r data f o r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g 500 w o r k ­
ers or m ore.

T h is a r e a i s 1 o f 84 in w h i c h the U.S.
D epartm en t of L a b o r 's Bureau of L a b o r Statistics
c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and r e ­
lated ben efits.
In th is a r e a , data w e r e o b t a i n e d b y
a co m b in a tio n of p e r s o n a l v is it , m a il q u e s t io n n a ir e ,
and teleph on e in te rv ie w .
R epresen ta tive e s ta b lis h ­
m e n t s w it h in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w e r e c o n ­
tacted:
M an ufactu ring ; tran sportation , c o m m u n ic a ­
ti o n ,
and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ;
and s e r v i c e s .
M a jo r in du stry grou ps e x c lu d e d f r o m
these
s t u d i e s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s and the
c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E stablish ­
m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f
w o r k e r s a r e om itted b e c a u s e of in su fficie n t e m p l o y ­
m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n s s tu d ie d .
S eparate tabu la­
t i o n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h of the b r o a d i n d u s t r y
d iv is io n s w hich m e e t p u blication c r ite r ia .

T a b l e A - 7 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t c h a n g e s in a v ­
e r a g e hourly ea rn ings of o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s ,
e l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g
w o r k e r s , in du stria l
nurses,
sk illed m ain ten a n ce trad es w o r k e r s ,
and
u n s k i l l e d p la n t w o r k e r s .
W h e r e p o s s i b l e , data a r e
p r e s e n te d fo r all in d u strie s , m an ufactu rin g,
and
nonm an ufacturin g.
T h is t a b le p r o v i d e s a m e a s u r e o f
w a g e t r e n d s a f t e r e l i m i n a t i o n o f c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
e a rn in g s c a u se d by e m p lo y m e n t shifts am on g e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts as w e ll as tu rn o v e r of e sta b lish m e n ts in ­
c l u d e d in s u r v e y s a m p l e s .
F o r fu rth e r details, see
app en d ix A .
A pp end ixes

A - s e r i e s tables
A p p e n d i x A d e s c r i b e s the m e t h o d s a n d c o n ­
c e p t s u s e d in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m and
p r o v i d e s i n f o r m a t i o n on the s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .

T a b le s A - 1 th rou gh A - 6 p r o v id e e s tim a te s
of s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly o r h ourly earnings fo r w o r k ­
e r s in o c c u p a t i o n s c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f m a n u ­
f a c t u r i n g and n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
O ccupa­
t i o n s w e r e s e l e c t e d f r o m the f o l l o w i n g c a t e g o r i e s :
(a) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l , (b) p r o f e s s i o n a l a nd t e c h n i c a l ,

A pp end ix B p r o v id e s job d e s c r ip tio n s used
b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s b y
occu pation.

2

A.

Earnings

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Poughkeepsie, N.Y., June 1976
W eek ly earnings 1
(stan dard)
Number

of

O ccu p ation and in d u s try d iv is io n

workeR

s

A vera ge
w eek ly

s
90

H 1
our

M ean

(standard)

*

M edian

*

M id d le range

*

and
u nd er

no

N um ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e w e e k ly ea rn in gs of---s
S
S
S
s
S
S
S
S
S
s
S
S ■ "5 ------S
S
190
130
150
140
160
170
180
120
28o
240
200
260
210
230
220
300
320

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

s
95

loo

S

S

_

95

100

200

190

210

220

230

240

260

2B0

300

320

340

ALL WORKERS
s e c r e t a r ie s :

NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

42

3 B .0

2 0 0 .0 0

$
2 0 4 .0 0

$
$
1 5 0 .5 0 - 2 4 6 ,0 0

*

*

1

7

2

4

*

2

2

2

4

2

2

3

4

3

4

-

-

TY PIST S. CLASS B --------------------------------------

29

3 9 .5

1 5 0 .5 0

1 4 0 .0 0

1 1 5 .0 0 - 2 0 5 .5 0

1

1

2

5

3

2

3

-

-

4

-

-

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

ope ra to r - r e c e p t io n is t s -

26

3 9 .0

1 4 0 .0 0

1 3 8 .0 0

1 2 7 .0 0 - 1 5 6 .0 0

1

-

-

-

10

4

1

4

6

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS A ----------------

48

3 9 .5

2 2 5 .5 0

1 9 6 .0 0

1 6 1 .0 0 - 2 8 8 .0 0

-

-

-

-

2

1

5

4

5

2

4

3

-

-

-

-

-

3

11

-

8

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS B ----------------

129

3 8 .0

1 1 7 .0 0

1 1 6 .5 0

1 0 1 .5 0 - 1 2 5 .5 0

14

10

22

32

29

10

5

3

2

1

1

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS. CLASS A --------- —
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

39
30

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 7 9 .0 0
1 7 7 .0 0

1 7 7 .0 0
1 7 4 .5 0

1 5 0 .0 0 - 2 0 7 .5 0
1 4 8 .5 0 - 2 0 7 .0 0

*

•

3
2

4

*

3
3

4

*

3

3

3
2

3
3

5
3

-

5
5

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B --------------

26

3 9 .5

1 6 0 .5 0

1 4 4 .5 0

1 4 0 .0 0 - 1 8 0 .0 0

*

*

*

*

2

2

12

*

*

1

3

*

6

sw it c h b o a r d

,

3
3

4

1
1

1
1

1

-

See footnotes at end of tables.

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers
in Poughkeepsie, N.Y., June 1976
W eek ly earnings 1
(standard)

O ccu p ation and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workeR

Average
w eekly
hours1
(standard)

N um ber of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g stra igh t- tim e w eek ly e a rn in g s oJ
$

$
190

M ean *

M edian ^

M id d le ranged

S

5

$

%

*

4

5

5

S

S

$

S

195

200

210

22J

230

240

250

260

270

280

290

300

310

200

210

220

23u

24o

250

260

270

200

290

300

310

320

6

13

6

9

3

4

2

1

-

-

3

and
under
195

ALL WORKERS
48

o
o




------------------------------------------------

>*

DRAFTERS, CLASS d

$
$
2 3 3 .0 0 2 2 6 .0 0

$
$
2 1 1 .0 0 - 2 4 6 .0 0

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s.

3

1

-

-

-

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex.
in Poughkeepsie, N.Y., June 1976
A verage
(m e a n 2 )

A v era g e
(m e a n 2 )

S ex,

3

o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv is io n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

Number
of
woricen

W eek ly
heurs 1
[standard)

Number
of
workers

Sex, 3 o c cu p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

W eek ly
earn in gs1
(standard)

W
OMEN

W eek ly
hours 1
[standard)

W eek ly
earnings 1
(standard)

S ex, 3 o c cu p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
WO ME N— CONTINUED

2 3 4 .0 0
42

flv v v 'lf' | 1Nu

vL L i'ft j i

V

1 6 1 .5 0

Av vUvN |I mv

L L t ^ i\ i ?

LL A bb

/

L

W eek ly
earnings 1
(standard)

-

$

A

124
115

tJ

p r o f e s s io n a l

1 5 0 .5 0
'

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

$

26

SWITCHBOARD OPtfiATOR-RECEPTIONISTS2 2 8 .0 0

See

A verage
(m ea n 2 )
Number
of

and

t e c h n ic a l

_____

29

2 1 5 .0 0

1 7 6 .5 0

2 3 3 .0 0

fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in Poughkeepsie, N.Y., June 1976
Hourly earnings

N um ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs o f ----

4

4 .4 0

O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n
workers

M ean

^

M e d ia n 2

M iddle range 2

$

4 . 6 q 4 .8 0

S

U nder and
$
*
under
4 .4 0
4 .6 0 4 .8 0

$
5 .0 0

s

5

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

*

*

5 .0 0

$
5 .8 0

s

$
6 . 20 6 .4 0

S
6 .6 0

$
6 .8 0

S

!

s

*

6 .0 0

7 .0 0

7 .2 0

7 .4 0

7 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6 . 40 6 .6 0

6 .8 0

7 .0 0

7 .2Q

7 .4 0

7 .6 0

i

*

-

-

-

-

8

-

23
23

2
2

-

1
1

-

-

-

“

3
3

12
12

16
16

10
10

14
14

4
4

1
1

1
1

S
5 .6 0

S

“

*

*

*

S
7 .8 o
*

S
8 .0 0

i

8 .2 0

$
8 .4 0

$
8 .6 0

“

*

-g.OO 8 ,2 0

8 .4 0

8 .6 0

8 .8 0

-

-

-

-

_

1
1

•

_

.

ALL WORKERS
$

$

$

MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIANS ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

37
29

6 .4 8
6 .1 3

6 .7 6
6 .2 7

5 .6 1 - 6 .7 6
5 .6 1 - 6 .7 6

-

-

•

-

2

-

3

-

*

*

-

2

-

3

6
6

2
2

-

MAINTENANCE MACHINISTS ----------------m a n u f a c t u r in g -----------------------------

52
52

6 .1 8
6 .1 8

6 .6 9
6 .6 9

5 .4 3 - 6 .7 6
5 . 4 3 - 6 .7 6

.

-

_

*

*

4
4

-

-

*

1
1

13
13

1
1

4
4

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------ -----------

128
128

6 .4 9
6 .4 9

6 .4 2
6 .4 2

5 . 7 5 - 7 .1 8
5 .7 5 - 7 .1 8

2
2

2

3
3

6
6

15
15

5
5

1
1

See

fio tn o te s

at end o f




$

2

•

ta b le s .

4

•

4
4

1
1

c
2

-

*
18
18

6
6

7
7

•

-

n

11

2
c

T ab le A -5 .

Hourly earnings of m aterial m ovem ent and custodial w orkers in Poughkeepsie, N .Y ., June 1976
H o u rly ea m in gs 4

N um ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e h ou rly e a rn in g s o f ----2 .3 o

O ccup ation and industry d iv isio n
w o rk e rs

M ean 2

M e d ia n 2

M id d le ra n g e 2

---------- S
2 . 4 q 2 .5 o

$

S

s

S

2 .6 0

2 . 80 3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 o

3 .8 0

S
3
4 . 00 4 . 2 0

4 .4 o

4 .6 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 . 00 3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4.

20 4 . 4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

*

$

N um ber

*

*

8
8

14
14

4
4

~

“*

12
9

4

I

$

1

S

s
5 .6 0

s
6 .0 0

s

S

S

S

s

5 .2 0

6 .4 0

6 .8 0

7 .2 0

7 .6 0

8 .0 0

5 .6 0

s
4 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 .4 0

6.80

7 .2 0

7 .6 0

a .o o

8 .4 0

S

and
under
2 .4 0

ALL WORKERS
TRUCKDRIVERS

----------------------------------------------------------------

n o n m an u fac tu r in g

-------------------------------------------

128
92

$
5 .4 3
4 .6 2

$
5 .2 5
4 .7 0

$
$
4 . 1 0 - 6 .0 0
3 . 5 C - 5 .5 1

-

-

2

-

-

1
1

1
1

7
7

48
36

2
2

6
6

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

*

*

*

**

•

*

-

4

13

7

7

9

15

15

-

-

-

-

-

14

7

1

6

1

5

1

-

-

-

-

*

*

*

-

-

*

-

*

7

1

29
26
3

6

1

5

1

5 .0 4
4 .9 5

4 . 9 0 - 5 .0 9
4 . 8 7 - 5 .0 9

-

-

-

-

-

*

“

*

5
5

-

*

*

275

3 .0 6

2 .4 5

2 . 3 0 - 4 .0 0

126

23

39

7

4

4

1

-

147
54
93

3 .6 9
3 .9 4
3 .5 5

3 .7 7
3 .7 8
3 .5 4

3 . 2 5 - 4 .5 0
3 . 4 3 - 4 .5 1
2 . 7 0 - 4 .0 0

14

2

2

-

-

-

4
4

3
3

14

2

2

10
1
9

6
4
2

24
4
20

1
18
12
6

*

14

*

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom,
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers,
by sex, in Poughkeepsie, N.Y., June 1976
S ex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of

A verage
(m e a n 2 )
hourly
earnings4

M A T E R IA L M O VEM EN T AN D C U S T O D IA L
O C C U P A T IO N S - M EN — C O N T IN U E D

$

25

$
3*8 9

6 .1 3
52
6 .1 8
LKS 1 UK3

"""
269

c u s t o d ia l

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS —
nAnu* Av 1U K liru
— ""
"
128

131
81

5 .4 3

S ee fo o tn o te s at end of ta b le s.

5

*

-

4 .9 2
4 .8 9

M
EN

•

*

71
59

and

-

*

FORKLIFT OPERATORS --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------------------

movement

-

*

*

*

OCCUPATIONS -

-

-

*

*

m a t e r ia l

-

-

*

-

r UKIxLlr |

-

-

*

MATERIAL HANDLING LA80RERS ---------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

9
9

a a^

-

-

2

3
3

37

-

30
*

-

1

3
2

MAINTENANCE, TOOLROOM, AND
POWERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - MEN

-

-

-

•

17
17

2

4
4

Average
(mean2)
hourly
earnings4

-

-

T

1

-

3
3

Number
of
workers

-

•

*

54
54

1

2
2

S ex, 3 o c cu p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

-

2
2

-

-

— ------------------------------------------------------------------ -------- --------------

12
12

8

-

.

m a n u f a c t u r in g

9
9

-

-

3 .9 0 - 4 .6 4
3 . 9 0 - 4 .6 4

NoNMANUFACTURING

17
17

4

3 . 3 7 - 4 .4 7

4 .6 4
4 .6 4

--------

6
6

1

4 .3 1

-------------------------------------------

5
3

4
4

3 .8 9
4 .2 0
4 .2 1

AND CLEANERS

5

1

25
135
134

JANITORS. PORTERS.

“

34
34

WAREHOUSEMEN ----------------------------------------------

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN

4
4

3 .6 8

-

-

-

-

-

Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts,
in Poughkeepsie, N.Y., June 1976
In du stry and o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p
(m e n and w o m e n co m b in e d )

June 1975 t o June 1976

AU In d u strie s:
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s i n g _
In du strial n u rse s
S k illed m ain ten an ce t r a d e s __________ __
U n sk illed plant w o r k e r s

*
*
£
5.3

M an ufacturin g:
O ffic e c l e r i c a l

*

In d u strial n u rse s
S k illed m a in te n a n ce tr a d e s

*

&

_____ ____________ __

*
3.7

D ata do not m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r ia .

Footnotes1
4
3
2
1 Standard h ou rs r e fle c t the w o rk w eek fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e their r e g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r o v e r t im e at re g u la r a n d /o r p rem iu m r a t e s ), and the ea rn in gs c o r r e s p o n d
to these w eek ly h ou rs.
2 The m ean is com p u ted fo r each jo b by totaling the e a rn in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d ividin g by the n um ber o f w o r k e r s .
The m ed ian d e s ig n a te s p os ition — h alf o f the e m p lo y e e s su rv ey ed r e c e iv e m o r e
and half r e c e iv e le s s than the rate show n.
The m id d le range is d efin ed by 2 ra te s o f pay; a fourth o f the w o r k e r s earn l e s s than the lo w e r o f th ese r a te s and a fourth ea rn m o r e than the h igh er rate.
3 E a rn in gs data r e la te o n ly to w o r k e r s w hose se x id e n tific a tio n w as p ro v id e d by the e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 E x clu d es p rem iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and lo r w ork on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s, and late s h ifts.




6

Appendix A
A r e a w a g e and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s da t a a r e o b t a i n e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s
o f B u r e a u f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s at 3 - y e a r i n t e r v a l s . 1 In e a c h o f the i n t e r ­
v e n i n g y e a r s , i n f o r m a t i o n o n e m p l o y m e n t and o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s i s c o l ­
l e c t e d b y a c o m b i n a t i o n o f p e r s o n a l v i s i t , m a i l q u e s t i o n n a i r e , and t e l e p h o n e
i n t e r v i e w f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p a r t i c i p a t i n g in th e p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .

d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w ith in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y , a r e
n o t p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in the
o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h data t o m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r
(2) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t da ta .
Sepa­
r a t e m e n ' s and w o m e n ' s e a r n i n g s da ta a r e not p r e s e n t e d w hen the n u m b e r o f
w o r k e r s n o t i d e n t i f i e d b y s e x i s 20 p e r c e n t o r m o r e o f the m e n o r w o m e n
i d e n t i f i e d in an o c c u p a t i o n .
E a r n i n g s da ta n ot s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y f o r i n d u s t r y
d i v i s i o n s a r e i n c l u d e d in data f o r a ll i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d .
L ik ew ise,
d a t a a r e i n c l u d e d in the o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n w h e n a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f
e l e c t r o n i c s te c h n ic ia n s , s e c r e t a r i e s , o r t r u c k d r i v e r s is not shown o r i n f o r ­
m a tio n to s u b c l a s s i f y is not a v a ila b le .

In e a c h o f th e 84 2 a r e a s c u r r e n t l y s u r v e y e d , data a r e o b t a i n e d f r o m
r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M anufac­
t u r i n g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e
t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s .
M a jor
i n d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s e s t u d i e s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s and
the c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r than
a p r e s c r ib e d n u m ber of w o r k e r s are om itted b e ca u s e o f in su fficien t e m p lo y ­
m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d .
Sep arate tabu lation s a re p r o v id e d f o r ea ch
o f th e b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s da ta a r e s ho w n f o r f u l l - t i m e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u l e .
E a r n i n g s data
e x c l u d e p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la te s h i f t s . N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a l l o w a n c e s
and i n c e n t i v e b o n u s e s a r e i n c l u d e d .
W e e k l y h o u r s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l and
p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s
r e f e r to th e s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k
( r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e r e g u l a r
s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f pa y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r
p rem iu m ra tes).
A v e r a g e w e e k ly earn ings fo r th ese occu pa tion s are rounded
to th e n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s .
The sa m p lin g
p r o c e d u r e s i n v o l v e d e t a i l e d s t r a t i f i c a t i o n o f a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in the
s c o p e o f an i n d i v i d u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y i n d u s t r y and n u m b e r o f e m p l o y e e s .
F r o m t h is s t r a t i f i e d u n i v e r s e a p r o b a b i l i t y s a m p l e i s s e l e c t e d , w ith e a c h
e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a v in g a p r e d e t e r m i n e d c h a n c e o f s e l e c t i o n . T o o b t a in o p t i m u m
a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f l a r g e th an s m a l l e s t a b ­
lish m en ts is
selected .
W h e n da ta a r e c o m b i n e d , e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t is
w e i g h t e d a c c o r d i n g t o it s p r o b a b i l i t y o f s e l e c t i o n , so th at u n b i a s e d e s t i m a t e s
are generated.
F o r e x a m p l e , i f o n e out o f f o u r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s e l e c t e d ,
it i s g i v e n a w e i g h t o f f o u r t o r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f p l u s t h r e e o t h e r s .
An alternate
o f th e s a m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y i s c h o s e n in the s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i ­
f i c a t i o n i f da t a a r e n o t a v a i l a b l e f r o m the o r i g i n a l s a m p l e m e m b e r .
If no
s u i t a b l e s u b s t i t u t e i s a v a i l a b l e , a d d i t i o n a l w e i g h t i s a s s i g n e d to a s a m p l e
m e m b e r that i s s i m i l a r t o th e m i s s i n g unit.
O c c u p a t i o n s and e a r n i n g s
O c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu dy a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f m a n u f a c ­
t u r i n g and n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the f o l l o w i n g t y p e s :
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ; (3) m a i n t e n a n c e , t o o l r o o m ,
and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d i a l .
O ccupational
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to ta ke
a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in d u t i e s w ith in the s a m e j o b .
O ccu­
p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in a p p e n d i x B .
U nless
o t h e r w i s e i n d i c a t e d , th e e a r n i n g s da ta f o l l o w i n g th e j o b t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l
in d u stries co m b in e d .
E a r n i n g s data f o r s o m e o f th e o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d and 1
2
1 Personal visits were on a 2-year cy cle before July 1972.
2 Included in the 84 areas are 14 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are
Akron, Ohio; Austin, T e x .; Binghamton, N .Y . — a .; Birmingham, A la .; Fort Lauderdale—
P
Hollywood and West
Palm Beach—
Boca Raton, Fla.; Lexington—
Fayette, K y .; Melbourne—Titusville—
Cocoa, F la.; Norfolk—
Virginia
Beach-Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va. — C .; Poughkeepsie-Kingston-Newbuigh, N .Y .; Raleigh—
N.
Durham, N .C .; Stamford, Conn.; Syracuse, N .Y .; Utica—Rome, N .Y .; and Westchester County, N .Y .
In
addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 100 areas at the request of the
Employment Standards Administration of the tl. S. Department o f Labor.




7

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s in a n a r e a
at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e .
C o m p a r is o n s of in divid u al o c cu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
t i m e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s . T h e a v e r a g e s f o r i n d i v i d u a l j o b s
a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s and e m p l o y m e n t p a t t e r n s .
F o r exam ple,
p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by high- o r lo w -w a g e f ir m s m a y ch ange, o r
h i g h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d v a n c e to b e t t e r j o b s and b e r e p l a c e d b y n e w
w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a t e s .
Such s h if t s in e m p l o y m e n t c o u l d d e c r e a s e an o c c u ­
p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e e v e n th o u g h m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s
d u r i n g th e y e a r .
C h a n g e s in e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , s h o w n in ta b l e
A - 7 , a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s than a r e e a r n i n g s c h a n g e s f o r
i n d i v i d u a l j o b s w ith in the g r o u p s .
A v e r a g e earn ings r e f le c t c o m p o s it e , a rea w ide e s tim a te s .
In dustries
and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and j o b s t a f f i n g , and thu.s c o n t r i b u t e
d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
P a y a v e r a g e s .m a y fa il to r e f le c t
A c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l a m o n g j o b s in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u ld
n o t b e a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y o f th e s e x e s w ith in i n d i v i d u a l
establish m en ts.
F a c t o r s w h i c h m a y c o n t r i b u t e to d i f f e r e n c e s i n c l u d e p r o ­
g r e s s i o n w it h in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s ( o n l y the r a t e s p a id i n c u m b e n t s a r e
c o l l e c t e d ) and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c d u t i e s w it h in th e g e n e r a l s u r v e y j o b
d escriptions.
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d t o c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s .in t h e s e s u r v e y s
u s u a l l y a r e m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d than t h o s e u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
and a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c d u t i e s
p erform ed .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in a l l e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f the s tu d y and n o t th e n u m b e r a c t u a l l y s u r v e y e d .
B e ca u se o ccu p a tio n a l stru ctu re s am ong e sta b lish m en ts d iffe r, e s tim a te s o f
o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b t a i n e d f r o m the s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d
s e r v e o n l y t o i n d i c a t e th e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f th e j o b s s t u d ie d .
These
d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e d o not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f
th e e a r n i n g s d a t a .

E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g
( m e n and w o m e n ) :
Com puter system s
an a lysts, c la s s e s
A , B , and C
Com puter p r o g ra m m e rs ,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C
Com puter operators,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C

Wage tren d s fo r s e le cte d occu p a tio n a l grou ps

T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s p r e s e n t e d in t a b l e A - 7 a r e b a s e d o n c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s r e p o r t i n g the t r e n d j o b s in b o t h
th e c u r r e n t and p r e v i o u s y e a r ( m a t c h e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ) .
T h e da ta a r e
a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e th e e f f e c t s o n a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f e m p l o y m e n t s h i f t s
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n c l u d e d in s u r v e y
sam p les.
The p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r, a re s till a ffe cte d by f a c t o r s
o t h e r th an w a g e i n c r e a s e s .
H i r i n g s , l a y o f f s , and t u r n o v e r m a y a f f e c t an
e s t a b l i s h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an o c c u p a t i o n w h e n w o r k e r s a r e p a i d u n d e r p la n s
p r o v id in g a range o f w age ra tes f o r in dividual jo b s .
In p e r i o d s o f i n c r e a s e d
h i r i n g , f o r e x a m p l e , n e w e m p l o y e e s e n t e r at th e b o t t o m o f th e r a n g e ,
d e p r e s s i n g th e a v e r a g e w it h o u t a c h a n g e in w a g e r a t e s .

Skilled m a in te n a n ce (m en
and w o m e n ) :
C arpenters
E lectricia n s
P ain ters
M ach inists
M e ch a n ics (m a ch inery)
M e ch a n ics (m o to r veh icle)
P ip efitters
T o o l and d ie m a k e r s

I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( m e n and *
1
2
3
w om en ):
R e g is t e r e d in du strial
nurses

U n s k i l l e d pla n t ( m e n and
w o m e n ):
J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and
clea n ers
M a t e r i a l h a n d lin g l a b o r e r s

P e r c e n t ch a n g es fo r in dividual a r e a s
as f o llo w s :

in th e p r o g r a m

a re com puted

1.

2.

O cc u p a tio n s u se d to co m p u te w a ge tr e n d s a r e :

O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n and
w o m e n ):

The ratio o f gro u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t iv e y e a r s is
c o m p u t e d b y d i v i d i n g th e a v e r a g e f o r th e c u r r e n t y e a r
b y th e a v e r a g e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
The result—
e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t — l e s s 100 i s th e p e r c e n t c h a n g e .

F o r a m o r e d e t a i l e d d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e m e t h o d u s e d t o c o m p u t e t h e s e
w a g e t r e n d s , s e e "I m p r o v in g A r e a W age S u rv ey In d e x e s , " M on th ly L a b o r
R e v i e w , J anu ary 1973, pp . 5 2 -5 7 .

O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n and
w o m e n )---- C o n t in u e d

S ecreta ries
Stenographers, general
S ten ograp h ers, sen ior
T y p i s t s , c l a s s e s A and B
F ile c le r k s , c la s s e s A ,
B , and C
M essengers
S w itchboard o p e r a t o r s
O rder clerk s

T h e s e w e ig h ts a r e u se d to c o m p u te g r o u p a v e r a g e s .
E a ch o c c u p a t io n 's a v e ra g e (m ean) ea rn in g s is m u ltip lied
by its w eigh t.
T h e p r o d u c t s a r e t o t a l e d t o o b t a in a
group average.

3.

T h e p e r c e n t c h a n g e s r e l a t e t o w a g e c h a n g e s b e t w e e n th e i n d i c a t e d
dates.
W h e n th e t i m e s p a n b e t w e e n s u r v e y s i s o t h e r th an 12 m o n t h s , ann ual
ra te s a re shown.
(It i s a s s u m e d th at w a g e s i n c r e a s e at a c o n s t a n t r a t e
betw een su rv e y s .)

E a c h o c c u p a t i o n i s a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d on it s p r o ­
p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p in the
base year.

A ccou n tin g c le r k s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
B ook k eep in g-m ach in e
o p e r a to rs, cla ss B
P a yroll clerk s
K eypunch o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
T a b u la t in g - m a c hin e
o p e r a to rs , cla ss B

E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s




T a b u l a t i o n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y
w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in t h i s b u l l e t i n .
In for­
m a t i o n f o r t h e s e t a b u l a t i o n s i s c o l l e c t e d at 3 - y e a r i n t e r v a l s . 1 T h e s e t a b u ­
l a t i o n s o n m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; s h ift
d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s and d a y s ; p a i d h o l i d a y s ; p a id v a c a t i o n s ;
and h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p l a n s a r e p r e s e n t e d (in th e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s )
in p r e v i o u s b u l l e t i n s f o r t h i s a r e a .
1 Personal visits were on a 2-year cycle before July 1972.

8

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
in Poughkeepsie, N .Y .,1 June 1976
In d u stry d iv is io n 2

ALI

n IV T « 1 G N «

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s c o p e
o f s tu d y

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s

N u m b e r of e s ta b lis h m e n ts

W i t h in s c o p e o f s tu d y 4
W i t h in s c o p e
o f s tu d y 3

S tu d ie d

S tu d ie d
N u m ber

P ercen t

no

_____________

m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------- ----------------------------------------------

50

NONMANUFACTURING------------------------------ ----------------------------t r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and
OTHER PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 5 --------------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE 6 ------------------ -------- ----------------------------RETAIL TRADE6 --------------------------------------------------------------f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and heal e s t a t e 6 — ---------SERVICES6 7---------------- -------------------------------------------------------

-

50
50
50
50
50

55

3 4 ,5 7 4

100

2 8 ,4 5 0

47
63

24
31

2 5 ,3 0 1
9 ,2 7 3

73
27

2 2 ,9 2 6
5 ,5 2 4

5
7
33
7

3
4

1 ,3 2 1
1 ,0 6 7
4 ,7 6 8
861
1 ,2 5 6

4
3
14

1 ,1 9 9
582
2 ,2 8 9
674
780

12
5
7

11

2
4

1 T h e P o u g h k e e p s i e S ta n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e fin e d b y th e O f f i c e o f M a n a g e m e n t an d B u d g e t th r o u g h F e b r u a r y 1 9 7 4 , c o n s i s t s o f D u t c h e s s C o u n t y .
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e and c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e l a b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d
in th e s u r v e y .
E s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , f o r c o m p a r i s o n w ith o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s to m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e
s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a ta c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d , an d (2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1 9 6 7 e d it i o n o f th e S ta n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c lu d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t at o r a b o v e th e m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
A l l o u t l e t s (w it h in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in i n d u s t r i e s s u c h a s t r a d e ,
f i n a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e , and m o t i o n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
4 I n c lu d e s a l l w o r k e r s in a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t (w ith in th e a r e a ) at o r a b o v e th e m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
5 A b b r e v i a t e d to " p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s " in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s .
T a x i c a b s and s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n a r e e x c lu d e d .
6 T h i s d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " and "n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f d a t a is n o t m a d e f o r on e
o r m o r e o f th e f o l lo w i n g r e a s o n s :
(1 ) E m p l o y m e n t i s to o s m a l l to p r o v id e e n o u g h d a t a to m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , ( 2 ) th e s a m p l e w a s n o t d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y to p e r m i t
s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r in a d e q u a te to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , and (4 ) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .
7 H o t e l s and m o t e l s ; l a u n d r i e s
and o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b il e r e p a i r , r e n t a l , and p a r k in g ; m o t i o n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f it m e m b e r s h i p
o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( e x c lu d in g r e l i g i o u s and c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; and e n g i n e e r i n g and a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




9

Appendix B.

Occupational Descriptions

T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u ' s w a g e s u r v e y s i s t o a s s i s t
i t s f i e l d s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r i a t e o c c u p a t i o n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p l o y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f
p a y r o l l t i t l e s and d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t t o e s t a b l i s h m e n t and f r o m a r e a to
area.
T h i s p e r m i t s th e g r o u p i n g o f o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e j o b c o n t e n t .
B e c a u s e o f t h is e m p h a s i s o n i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t and i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t i o n a l c o n t e n t , the
B u r e a u ' s j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e
prep a red for other p u rp oses.
In a p p l y i n g t h e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u ' s f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e
i n s t r u c t e d to e x c l u d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g i n n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; and h a n d i c a p p e d ,
p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
SECRETARY

S E C R E T A R Y— C o n t i n u e d ^

A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y to o n e i n d i v i d u a l .
M ain ­
t a i n s a c l o s e and h i g h l y r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p to th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k o f th e
su p ervisor.
W ork s fa i r ly in dependently r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f detailed
s u p e r v i s i o n and g u i d a n c e .
P e r f o r m s v a r i e d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s ,
u s u a l l y i n c l u d i n g m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :

M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l a nd s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b l e
n a t u r e and d i f f i c u l t y .
T h e w o r k ty p ic a lly r e q u i r e s k n ow led g e o f o f f i c e rou tin e
a nd u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f th e o r g a n i z a t i o n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to
th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .
E xclu sion s

a . R e c e i v e s t e l e p h o n e c a l l s , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and i n c o m i n g m a i l ,
a n s w e r s r o u t i n e i n q u i r i e s , and r o u t e s t e c h n i c a l i n q u i r i e s t o th e p r o p e r
persons;
b.
c.
in structed;
d.

E stablish es,
M a i n t a i n s th e

m a in ta in s,

and r e v i s e s th e

s u p e r v is o r 's

R elays m e s s a g e s

from

s u p e rv is o r's

c a l e n d a r and m a k e s

s u p e r v i s o r to

Not a l l p o s i t i o n s th at a r e t i t l e d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r ­
a cteristics.
E x a m p l e s o f p o s i t i o n s w h i c h a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m the d e f i n i t i o n a r e
as follow s:

files;
a. P o s it io n s
d e scrib e d above;

ap p o in tm e n ts as

b.

subordinates;

e . R e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y
o t h e r s f o r the s u p e r v i s o r ' s s i g n a t u r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and t y p o g r a p h i c
accuracy;
f.

P erform s




sional,

w hich

do

not

m eet

th e

"p erson a l"

secretary concept

S t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l l y t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l - t y p e

c . Stenographers servin g as o ffic e
tech n ica l, o r m a n a g e ria l p e r s o n s ;

duties;

a s s i s t a n t s to a gro u p o f p r o f e s ­

d . S e c r e t a r y p o s i t i o n s in w h i c h th e d ii t ie s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t i a l l y
m o r e r o u t i n e o r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e c o m p l e x and r e s p o n s i b l e than t h o s e c h a r ­
a c t e r i z e d in th e d e f i n i t i o n ;

s t e n o g r a p h i c and t y p i n g w o r k .

B e g i n n i n g w it h c a l e n d a r y e a r 1976 s u r v e y s , the B u r e a u h a s g r o u p e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d in i t s
a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s in to j o b f a m i l i e s in o r d e r t o p r e s e n t i n f o r m a t i o n on r e l a t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in s e q u e n c e .
J o b f a m i l i e s h a v e n o t b e e n t i t l e d , h o w e v e r , s i n c e d o i n g s o m i g h t h a v e a d d e d e x t r a n e o u s e l e m e n t s t o th e
jo b m atching p r o c e s s .
The B u rea u has a ls o r e v is e d s e v e r a l o ccu p a tio n a l title s .
w o r d o r d e r and a r e m o r e d e s c r i p t i v e o f th e s u r v e y j o b s .

10

The title s m o r e n e a r ly r e f l e c t usual

S E C R E T A R Y ---- Continued

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

E x c l u s i o n s — C o n t in u e d

C lass

C

e.
A s s is t a n t - t y p e p o s it io n s which
re s p o n s ib le tech n ica l, a d m inistrative, s u p e rv is o ry ,
d u ties w hich a r e not t y p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .

in volve m o r e difficult o r m o r e
1. S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n ­
or sp ecia lized c le r ic a l
s i b i l i t y i s not e q u i v a l e n t t o o n e o f the s p e c i f i c l e v e l s it u a t io n s in the d e f i n i t i o n
f o r c l a s s B , but w h o s e o r g a n i z a t i o n a l unit n o r m a l l y n u m b e r s at l e a s t s e v e r a l
d o z e n e m p l o y e e s and i s u s u a l l y d i v i d e d in t o o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t s w h i c h a r e
o f t e n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r s u b d i v i d e d .
In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , t h is l e v e l i n c l u d e s a
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in the l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s
w i d e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n l y o n e o r tw o ; cn:
f o llo w in g , r e f e r s to t h o s e ’ o f fi c i a l s who have a sig n ific an t c o r p o r a t e w id e
p o l i c y m a k i n g r o l e w ith r e g a r d to m a j o r c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s .
T h e t i t le " v i c e
2 . S e c r e t a r y to the h e a d o f an i n d i v i d u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r
p r e s i d e n t , " th o u gh n o r m a l l y i n d i c a t i v e o f th is r o l e , d o e s not in a ll c a s e s
o t h e r e q u i v a l e n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r than 5, 000
i d e n t i f y s u ch p o s i t i o n s .
V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to
persons.
a c t p e r s o n a l l y on i n d i v i d u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s [ e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y
i n d i v i d u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ; a d m i n i s t e r i n d i v i d u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y
C lass D
s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s ta ff) a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d to b e " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r
1. S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v i s o r o r h ead o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l unit
p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e f o l l o w i n g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
( e . g . , f e w e r th an a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r
C lass A
1. S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a i r m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y
that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

2. S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l
e m p lo y e e , a d m in istra tiv e o f f i c e r , o r assista n t, skilled technician, o r exp ert.
(N O TE :
M a n y c o m p a n i e s a s s i g n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r than s e c r e t a r i e s a s
d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to t h i s l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r . )
STENOGRAPHER

2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th an the c h a i r m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 0 00 but f e w e r
than 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to the h e a d , i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r
l e v e l , o f a m a j o r s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .*
1

C lass B

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d i c t a t i o n u s i n g s h o r t h a n d , and t o t r a n s c r i b e
th e d i c t a t i o n .
M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r i t t e n c o p y .
May operate fr o m a steno­
graphic pool.
M a y o c c a s i o n a l l y t r a n s c r i b e f r o m v o i c e r e c o r d i n g s ( if p r i m a r y
du ty i s t r a n s c r i b i n g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s ,
see T r a n s crib in g -M a ch in e Typist).
NOTE:
T h i s j o b i s d i s t i n g u i s h e d f r o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a l l y w o r k s in a c o n f i d e n t i a l r e l a t i o n s h i p w ith o n l y o n e m a n a g e r
o r e x e c u t i v e and p e r f o r m s m o r e
r e s p o n s i b l e and d i s c r e t i o n a r y t a s k s as
d e s c r i b e d in th e s e c r e t a r y j o b d e f i n i t i o n .

1. S e c r e t a r y t o th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y
that e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th an the c h a i r m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 but f e w e r
th an 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d , i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the o f f i c e r l e v e l , o v e r
eith e r a m a j o r c o r p o r a tio n w id e fu n ction al a ctiv ity ( e .g ., m a rk e tin g , r e s e a r c h ,
o p e r a tio n s , in du stria l r e la tio n s , etc.) o £ a m a jo r g e og r ap h ic o r org a n iza tio n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a j o r d i v i s i o n ) o f a c o m p a n y that
e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 but f e w e r than 2 5 , 0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r
4 . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e ad o f an i n d i v i d u a l pla n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r
o t h e r e q u i v a l e n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
5. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a l a r g e and i m p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m i d d l e m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t
o f t e n i n v o l v i n g a s m a n y as s e v e r a l h u n d r e d p e r s o n s ) o r a c o m p a n y that
e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 25 , 000 p e r s o n s .




Stenographer, G en eral

keep

D ictation in v o lv e s a n o r m a l rou tin e v o c a b u la r y .
M ay m ain tain f ile s ,
s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h 4 r r e l a t i v e l y r o u t in e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
Stenographer, S en ior

D ictation in v o lv e s a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such
a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h .
M a y a l s o s e t up and
m ain tain f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , etc .
OR
P e r f o r m s ste n o g ra p h ic du ties r e q u ir in g s ig n ifican tly g r e a t e r in d e ­
p e n d e n c e and r e s p o n s i b i l i t y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l , a s e v i d e n c e d b y the
follow in g:
W o r k r e q u i r e s a hig h d e g r e e o f s t e n o g r a p h i c s p e e d and a c c u r a c y ;
a t h o r o u g h w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s and o f f i c e p r o c e d u r e ; and
o f the s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t i o n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w ork flow , etc.
U s e s th is k n o w l e d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h i c d u t i e s and
r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l task s such as m a in tain in g follow u p f ile s ; a s s e m b lin g
m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , and l e t t e r s ; c o m p o s i n g s i m p l e l e t t e r s
f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g and r o u t i n g i n c o m i n g m a i l ; and a n s w e r i n g
rou tin e q u e s t io n s , e tc .

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E T Y P IST

SW ITC H B O AR D O P E R A T O R

P r i m a r y duty i s to t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t i o n i n v o l v i n g a n o r m a l r o u t in e
vocabu lary from tran scrib in g -m a ch in e r e co rd s .
M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r i t t e n
c o p y and d o s i m p l e c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r ib in g d ictation in volvin g
a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u c h as l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s
on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e not i n c l u d e d .
A w o r k e r w ho t a k e s d i c t a t i o n in
s h o r t h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h i n e i s c l a s s i f i e d as a s t e n o g r a p h e r .

O p e r a t e s a t e l e p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e u s e d with a p r i v a t e
b r a n c h e x c h a n g e ( P B X ) s y s t e m t o r e l a y i n c o m i n g , o u t g o i n g , and i n t r a s y s t e m
ca lls.
M a y p r o v i d e i n f o r m a t i o n to c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and t r a n s m i t m e s s a g e s ,
k e e p r e c o r d o f c a l l s p l a c e d and t o l l c h a r g e s .
B e s id e s operating a telephone
s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , m a y a l s o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u t i n e c l e r i c a l w o r k
(ty p in g o r r o u t i n e c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y o c c u p y the m a j o r p o r t i o n o f th e w o r k e r ' s
t i m e , and i s u s u a l l y p e r f o r m e d w h i l e at th e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e ) .
Ch ief
o r le a d o p e r a t o r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e th an o n e o p e r a t o r a r e
exclu ded .
F o r an o p e r a t o r w h o a l s o a c t s as a r e c e p t i o n i s t , s e e S w i t c h b o a r d
O p era tor-R ecep tion ist.

T YPIST
U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s o r to m a k e
out b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a t i o n s h av e b e e n m a d e by a n o t h e r p e r s o n .
M ay in clu d e
ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p l i c a t i n g p r o ­
cesses.
M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k i n v o l v i n g lit tle s p e c i a l t r a i n i n g ,
s u c h as
k e e p i n g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f i l i n g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g and d i s t r i b u t i n g
in com in g m ail.
C la ss A .
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
T y p in g m a t e r i a l
in f i n a l f o r m w h e n it i n v o l v e s c o m b i n i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g , s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c tu a t io n , e t c . , o f t e c h ­
n i c a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ; o r p la n n in g la y o u t and
t y p in g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s to m a i n t a i n u n i f o r m i t y and b a l a n c e in
s p a c i n g . M a y ty p e r o u t in e f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y i n g d e t a i l s t o suit c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C la ss
rough o r c le a r
o r s e tt in g up
a l r e a d y s e t up

B.
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : C o p y t y p in g f r o m
d r a f t s ; o r r o u t in e ty p in g o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ;
s im p le standard tabu lation s; o r co p y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s
and s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

FIL E C LE RK
F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r i a l in an e s t a b l i s h e d f ilin g
system .
M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d to m a i n t a i n f i l e s .
P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s on the b a s i s o f th e f o l l o w i n g d e f i n i t i o n s .
C l a s s A . C l a s s i f i e s and i n d e x e s f i l e m a t e r i a l s u ch as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n t s , e t c . , in an e s t a b l i s h e d f i l i n g s y s t e m
con tain ing a n u m ber o f v a r ie d s u b je ct m a tte r f i l e s .
M a y a l s o f i l e th is
m aterial.
M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n j u n c t i o n w ith the f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a l l g r o u p o f l o w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .
C lass B .
S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l by s i m p l e
(su b je ct m a t te r ) h ead ings o r p a rtly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r ia l by fin e r subh eadin gs.
P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d i n d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s .
A s requested,
l o c a t e s c l e a r l y i d e n t i f i e d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s
and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l .
May
perform
related c le r ic a l tasks
r e q u i r e d t o m a i n t a i n and s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C la ss C.
P e r f o r m s r o u t i n e f i l i n g o f m a t e r i a l that h as a l r e a d y b e e n
c l a s s i f i e d o r w h i c h i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
system
(e .g ., alph a b etica l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r n u m e r ic a l).
As
requested,
l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l ; and m a y
f i l l ou t w i t h d r a w a l c h a r g e .
M a y p e r f o r m s i m p l e c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l t a s k s
r e q u i r e d to m a i n t a i n and s e r v i c e f i l e s .
MESSENGER
P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u t i n e d u t i e s s u c h as ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t i n g
m i n o r o f f i c e m a c h i n e s s u c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g and d i s t r i b u t i n g
m a i l , and o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x c l u d e p o s i t i o n s that r e q u i r e o p e r a t i o n
o f a m o t o r v e h i c l e a s a s i g n i f i c a n t d u ty .




SW ITCH BO ARD O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
At a
an o p e r a t o r —
w ork in volves
b u s i n e s s and
priate p e r so n
a r r a n g i n g an

s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n t e l e p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , a c t s both as
s e e S w i t c h b o a r d O p e r a t o r — and a s a r e c e p t i o n i s t . R e c e p t i o n i s t ' s
s u c h d u t ie s a s g r e e t i n g v i s i t o r s ; d e t e r m i n i n g n a t u r e o f v i s i t o r ' s
p r o v i d i n g a p p r o p r i a t e i n f o r m a t i o n ; r e f e r r i n g v i s i t o r to a p p r o ­
in th e o r g a n i z a t i o n o r c o n t a c t i n g that p e r s o n by t e l e p h o n e and
appointm ent; keep in g a log o f v is it o r s .

ORDER CLERK
R e c e i v e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d is e by m a i l ,
phone, or p e r so n a lly .
D u t ie s i n v o l v e any c o m b i n a t i o n o f the f o l l o w i n g :
Q u o t in g p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k i n g ou t an o r d e r s h e e t li s t i n g th e i t e m s to
m a k e up th e o r d e r ; c h e c k i n g p r i c e s and q u a n t i t i e s o f i t e m s on o r d e r s h e e t ;
and d i s t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s t o r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s to be f i l l e d .
May
c h e c k w ith c r e d i t d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m i n e c r e d i t r a t i n g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w l ­
e d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s , f o l l o w up o r d e r s to s e e that t h e y
h ave b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , and c h e c k s h ip p in g i n v o i c e s
w ith o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .
A C C O U N TIN G C L E R K
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e a c c o u n t i n g c l e r i c a l t a s k s s u c h as p o s t i n g to
r e g i s t e r s and l e d g e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g bank a c c o u n t s ; v e r i f y i n g the in te r n e d c o n ­
s i s t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , and m a t h e m a t i c a l a c c u r a c y o f a c c o u n t i n g d o c u m e n t s ;
a s s i g n i n g p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t i n g d i s t r i b u t i o n c o d e s ; e x a m i n i n g and v e r i f y i n g
fo r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty pes of r e p o r t s , lis ts , ca lcu la tio n s , posting,
e t c .; o r p r e p a rin g s im p le o r a s s is t in g in 'p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p lic a t e d jo u rn a l
vouchers.
M a y w o r k in e i t h e r a m a n u a l o r a u t o m a t e d a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m .
T h e w o r k r e q u i r e s a k n o w l e d g e o f c l e r i c a l m e t h o d s and o f f i c e p r a c ­
t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h i c h r e l a t e s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g and r e c o r d i n g
o f t r a n s a c t i o n s and a c c o u n t i n g i n f o r m a t i o n .
With e x p e r i e n c e , the w o r k e r
t y p i c a l l y b e c o m e s f a m i l i a r w ith the b o o k k e e p i n g and a c c o u n t i n g t e r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in th e a s s i g n e d w o r k , but i s not r e q u i r e d t o have a k n o w l e d g e
o f the f o r m a l p r i n c i p l e s o f b o o k k e e p i n g and a c c o u n t i n g .
P osition s
defin ition s.

are

cla ssified

in to

levels

on

the

b a s i s o f the f o l l o w i n g

C lass A.
Under g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r f o r m s a ccou nting c l e r i c a l
o p e r a t i o n s w h i c h r e q u i r e the a p p l i c a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e and j u d g m e n t , f o r
e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s i n g c o m p lic a t e d o r n on rep etitiv e accounting t r a n s ­
a ction s, s e le c t in g am on g a su bstan tial v a rie ty o f p r e s c r i b e d accou nting c o d e s
and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c i n g t r a n s a c t i o n s
th r o u g h p r e v i o u s a c c o u n t i n g
a c t i o n s to d e t e r m i n e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M a y b e a s s i s t e d by o n e o r
m o r e c la s s B accou nting c l e r k s .

AC C O U N TIN G C L E R K — Continued

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

C lass B .
Under c l o s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d e ta iled in s t r u c tio n s
and s t a n d a r d i z e d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e r o u t in e a c c o u n t i n g c l e r ­
i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , s u c h a s p o s t i n g to l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e
i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f i t e m s and l o c a t i o n s o f p o s t i n g s a r e c l e a r l y i n d i c a t e d ; c h e c k i n g
a c c u r a c y and c o m p l e t e n e s s o f s t a n d a r d i z e d and r e p e t i t i v e r e c o r d s o r
a c c o u n t i n g d o c u m e n t s ; and c o d i n g
d ocu m en ts using a few p r e s c r i b e d
accou nting c o d e s .

O p e r a t e s a k e y p u n c h m a c h i n e t o r e c o r d o r v e r i f y a lp h a b e t ic a n d / o r
n u m e r i c da ta o n t a b u l a t i n g c a r d s o r o n ta p e .

BO O K K E E PIN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h i n e (w it h o r w ith o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y ­
b o a rd ) to k eep a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t io n s .
C l a s s A . K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w l e d g e o f and
e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c b o o k k e e p i n g p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e
o f the p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m u s e d .
D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d i s t r i b u t i o n o f d e b i t and c r e d i t i t e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l i d a t e d r e p o r t s , b a l a n c e s h e e t s , and o t h e r r e c o r d s b y hand.
C la ss B .
K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a ses o r s e c tio n s o f a
s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l l y r e q u i r i n g l it t le k n o w l e d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p i n g . P h a s e s
o r s e c t i o n s i n c l u d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b l e , p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (not
in clu d in g a s im p le type o f b illin g d e s c r i b e d u nder m a ch in e b i l l e r ) , c o s t d i s ­
trib ution, e x p e n se distrib u tion , in v e n to ry c o n tr o l, etc.
May ch e ck o r a s s is t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t i n g
dep artm ent.
MACH IN E B IL L E R
P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , and i n v o i c e s o n a m a c h i n e o t h e r th an an
ord in ary or e le ctro m a tic ty p ew riter.
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b i l l i n g s
o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l w o r k i n c i d e n t a l t o b i l l i n g
operations.
F o r w a g e s tu dy p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e b i l l e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e
o f m a c h in e , as fo llo w s :
B illin g-m ach in e b i l l e r .
U ses a s p e c ia l b illin g m ach in e (co m b in a tion
t y p i n g and a d d in g m a c h i n e ) t o p r e p a r e b i l l s and i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s '
p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , i n t e r n a l l y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o r a n d u m s , e t c .
U s u a l l y i n v o l v e s a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d i s c o u n t s and s h ip p in g c h a r g e s
and e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h i c h m a y o r m a y n o t b e c o m p u t e d on
th e b i l l i n g m a c h i n e ,
and t o t a l s w h i c h a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d b y
m ach in e.
The o p eration u su ally in v o lv e s a la r g e n u m ber o f c a r b o n c o p ie s
o f the b i l l b e i n g p r e p a r e d and i s o f t e n d o n e o n a f a n f o l d m a c h i n e .
B ookkeepin g-m ach in e b ille r .
U s e s a b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h i n e (w ith o r
w ith o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e
a ccou nts re ce iv a b le operation .
G e n e r a l l y i n v o l v e s th e s i m u l t a n e o u s e n t r y o f
f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . Th e m a c h in e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la t e s
f i g u r e s o n a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o l u m n s and c o m p u t e s and u s u a l l y p r i n t s a u t o ­
m a t i c a l l y the d e b i t o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s .
D oes not in v o lv e a know ledge o f b o o k ­
keeping.
W o r k s f r o m u n i f o r m and s t a n d a r d t y p e s o f s a l e s and c r e d i t s l i p s .
PA Y R O LL CLERK
C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s and e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y
d a t a on th e p a y r o l l s h e e t s .
D u t ie s i n v o l v e :
C alculating w o r k e r s ' ea rn in gs
b a s e d on t i m e o r p r o d u c t i o n r e c o r d s ; and p o s t i n g c a l c u l a t e d d a t a o n p a y r o l l
s h e e t , s h o w i n g i n f o r m a t i o n s u c h as w o r k e r ' s n a m e , w o r k i n g d a y s , t i m e , r a t e ,
d e d u c t i o n s f o r i n s u r a n c e , and t o t a l w a g e s d u e .
M a y m a k e out p a y c h e c k s and
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k i n g up and d i s t r i b u t i n g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
May use a
ca lcu la tin g m a ch in e .




Positions
d efin ition s.

are

cla ssified

in to

lev els

on

th e

b a s i s o f the f o l l o w i n g

C lass A .
W o r k r e q u i r e s th e a p p l i c a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e and ju d g m e n t
in s e l e c t i n g p r o c e d u r e s to b e f o l l o w e d and in s e a r c h i n g f o r , i n t e r p r e t i n g ,
s e l e c t i n g , o r c o d i n g i t e m s to b e k e y p u n c h e d f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s o u r c e d o c u ­
m ents.
On o c c a s i o n m a y a l s o p e r f o r m s o m e r o u t i n e k e y p u n c h w o r k .
May
train in e x p e rie n ce d keypunch o p e r a to r s .
C la s s B.
W o r k i s r o u t in e and r e p e t i t i v e .
Under c lo s e su p e rvisio n
o r fo llo w in g s p e c if ic p r o c e d u r e s o r in st r u c tio n s , w o r k s fr o m v a rio u s stan­
d a r d i z e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s w h i c h h a v e b e e n c o d e d , and f o l l o w s s p e c i f i e d
p r o c e d u r e s w h i c h h a v e b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a i l and r e q u i r e lit t le o r no
s e l e c t i n g , c o d i n g , o r i n t e r p r e t i n g o f da t a to b e r e c o r d e d . R e f e r s t o s u p e r v i s o r
p r o b le m s a ris in g fr o m e r r o n e o u s ite m s o r c o d e s o r m is s in g in fo rm a tio n .

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

O p e r a t e s o n e o r a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n e s s u c h a s th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u ­
la to r , c o lla t o r , in te r p r e te r , s o r t e r , re p ro d u cin g punch, etc.
Excluded fro m
th is defin ition a re w ork in g s u p e r v i s o r s .
A ls o exclu ded are o p e r a to r s of
e l e c t r o n i c d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r s , e v e n th o u g h t h e y m a y a l s o o p e r a t e e l e c t r i c
a ccou n tin g m a c h in e equipm en t.
P osition s
defin ition s.

are

cla ssified

in to

levels

on

the

b a s i s o f the f o l l o w i n g

C lass A .
P e r f o r m s c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g and ta b u la tin g a s s i g n m e n t s
including d e v isin g difficu lt c o n t r o l panel w irin g under g e n e ra l su p e rv is io n .
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e a v a r i e t y o f lo n g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w h i c h
o f t e n a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g , r e q u i r i n g s o m e p la n n in g o f the n a t u r e
and s e q u e n c i n g o f o p e r a t i o n s , and the u s e o f a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n e s .
Is
t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e d in t r a i n i n g n e w o p e r a t o r s in m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s o r t r a i n i n g
l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s in w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and in the o p e r a t i n g s e q u e n c e s
o f l o n g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n o t f n c l u d e p o s i t i o n s in w h i c h w i r i n g
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s l i m i t e d t o s e l e c t i o n and i n s e r t i o n o f p r e w i r e d b o a r d s .
C la ss B .
P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d i n g to e s t a b l i s h e d p r o c e d u r e s and
under sp e cific in stru ction s.
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e c o m p l e t e but r o u ­
t i n e and r e c u r r i n g r e p o r t s o r p a r t s o f l a r g e r and m o r e c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a t e s m o r e d i f f i c u l t t a b u l a t i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g m a c h i n e s s u c h as
th e t a b u l a t o r and c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d i t i o n to th e s i m p l e r m a c h i n e s u s e d b y
cla ss C op erators.
M a y b e r e q u i r e d to d o s o m e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s .
C lass C .
U n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s , o p e r a t e s s i m p l e ta b u la tin g
o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g m a c h i n e s s u c h as th e s o r t e r , i n t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g
punch, c o lla t o r , etc.
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e p o r t i o n s o f a w o r k unit,
fo r e x a m p le , in dividual s ortin g o r colla tin g runs, o r rep etitive o p e r a tio n s .
May p e r fo r m
s i m p l e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s , and d o s o m e f i l i n g w o r k .

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B USINE SS

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BU SIN E SS— C o n t in u e d

A n a l y z e s b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s to fo r m u la te p r o c e d u r e s f o r solvin g
t h e m b y u s e o f e l e c t r o n i c da t a p r o c e s s i n g e q u i p m e n t .
D evelop s a co m p le te
d e s c r i p t i o n o f a l l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d to e n a b l e p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
re q u ire d digital co m p u te r p r o g r a m s .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ;
A n a l y z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t i o n s to be a u t o m a t e d and i d e n t i f i e s c o n d i t i o n s
and c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d to a c h i e v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r and
t y p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d o c u m e n t s to be u s e d ; o u t l i n e s a c t i o n s to be
p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u t e r s in s u f f i c i e n t d e t a i l f o r p r e s e n t a t i o n
t o m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y t h i s i n v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f
w o r k and da ta f l o w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s th e d e v e l o p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s and
p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l r u n s o f n e w and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s e q u i p ­
m e n t c h a n g e s to o b t a in m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l o p e r a t i o n s .
(N O TE:
W orkers
p e r f o r m i n g b oth s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d a s
s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f t h i s i s the s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y . )

C lass C.
W o r k s u n d e r i m m e d i a t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g out a n a l y ­
s e s as a s s ig n e d , u su a lly o f a single a ctiv ity .
A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s i g n e d to
d e v e l o p and e x p a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e in th e a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r o c e d u r e s and
sk ills re q u ire d fo r s y s te m s analysis w ork .
F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s is t a higher
l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a l y s t b y p r e p a r i n g th e d e t a i l e d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u i r e d b y
program m ers
from
i n f o r m a t i o n d e v e l o p e d b y the h i g h e r l e v e l a n a l y s t .

D o e s n o t i n c l u d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s ­
t e m s a n a l y s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g i n e e r i n g p r o b l e m s .
F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s f o l l o w s :
C la ss A .
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p l e x p r o b le m s in volvin g a ll ph a ses of s y s te m a n a ly sis.
P r o b le m s are
c o m p l e x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f input da ta and m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e ­
m e n t s o f o u tpu t d a t a .
( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s an i n t e g r a t e d p r o d u c t i o n s c h e d ­
u l i n g , i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , and s a l e s a n a l y s i s r e c o r d in w h i c h
e v e r y i t e m o f e a c h t y p e i s a u t o m a t i c a l l y p r o c e s s e d t h r o u g h th e f u l l s y s t e m
o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r i a t e f o l l o w u p a c t i o n s a r e in i t i a t e d b y th e c o m p u t e r . )
C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o d e t e r m i n e the da t a p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s
and a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e i m p l i c a t i o n s o f n e w o r r e v i s e d
s y s t e m s o f da ta p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
M akes recom m en d a tion s, if needed,
f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s i n s t a l l a t i o n s o r c h a n g e s and f o r o b t a in in g
equipm ent.

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B USINE SS
C on v erts statem ents of bu sin ess p r o b le m s , ty p ica lly prep a red by a
s y s t e m s a n a l y s t , in to a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s w h i c h a r e r e q u i r e d
to s o l v e th e p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a t i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g e q u i p m e n t .
W orking fr o m
c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m m e r d e v e l o p s the p r e c i s e i n s t r u c t i o n s w h i c h ,
w h e n e n t e r e d in to the c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d l a n g u a g e , c a u s e th e m a n i p u ­
l a t i o n o f da ta t o a c h i e v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
A p p lie s kn ow ledge o f c o m p u te r ca p a b ilitie s , m a th e m a tic s , lo g ic e m p lo y e d by
c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t i c u l a r s u b j e c t m a t t e r i n v o l v e d to a n a l y z e c h a r t s and
d i a g r a m s o f th e p r o b l e m t o b e p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e l o p s s e q u e n c e o f p r o g r a m
s t e p s ; w r i t e s d e t a i l e d f l o w c h a r t s to s h o w o r d e r in w h i c h da t a w i l l b e
p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s th e s e ch a r ts to c o d e d in s t r u c tio n s f o r m a c h in e to fo llo w ;
t e s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r o p e r a t i n g p e r s o n n e l
d u r i n g p r o d u c t i o n ru n ; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , and a l t e r s p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e
o p e r a t in g e f f i c i e n c y o r adapt to new r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s o f
program
d e v e l o p m e n t and r e v i s i o n s .
(N O TE :
W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b oth
s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s
If th is is th e s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r pa y.)
D o e s n o t i n c l u d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r su p e rv is io n o f o th er e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s i n g e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o ­
g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w it h s c i e n t i f i c a n d / o r e n g i n e e r i n g p r o b l e m s .
For

M ay p r o v id e fun ction al
w h o a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

d irection

to

low er

level system s

C lass B .
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
p r o b l e m s th at a r e r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p l i c a t e d t o a n a l y z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , and
operate.
P r o b l e m s a r e o f l i m i t e d c o m p l e x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input data
a r e h o m o g e n e o u s and th e ou tp u t da t a a r e c l o s e l y r e l a t e d .
(F o r exam ple,
d e v e l o p s s y s t e m s f o r m a i n t a i n i n g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n t s in a b a n k , m a i n t a i n i n g
a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t , o r m a i n t a i n i n g i n v e n t o r y
a c c o u n t s in a m a n u f a c t u r i n g o r w h o l e s a l e e s t a b l i s h m e n t . )
C o n f e r s w it h p e r ­
s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o d e t e r m i n e t h e da t a p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s
s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l o n th e i m p l i c a t i o n s o f th e da ta p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s
to be ap p lied .
OR
W o r k s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p l e x da t a p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m ,
as d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A .
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y o n r o u t i n e a s s i g n m e n t s and
r e c e i v e s i n s t r u c t i o n and g u i d a n c e o n c o m p l e x a s s i g n m e n t s .
W ork is review ed
f o r a c c u r a c y o f j u d g m e n t , c o m p l i a n c e w ith i n s t r u c t i o n s , and t o i n s u r e p r o p e r
a l i g n m e n t w ith th e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .




wage

s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,

program m ers

are

cla ssified

as f o l l o w s :

an aly sts

14

C l a s s A . W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h i c h r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in a l l p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m m i n g
c o n c e p t s and p r a c t i c e s .
W o r k i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and c h a r t s w h i c h i d e n t i f y
the nature o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g step s to be a c c o m p l i s h e d ,
and the r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n v a r i o u s s t e p s o f th e p r o b l e m s o l v i n g r o u t i n e ;
p l a n s th e f u l l r a n g e o f p r o g r a m m i n g a c t i o n s n e e d e d t o e f f i c i e n t l y u t i l i z e the
c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in a c h i e v i n g d e s i r e d en d p r o d u c t s .
A t th is le v e l, p r o g r a m m in g is d iffic u lt b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r equip m en t
m u s t be o r g a n i z e d to p r o d u c e s e v e r a l i n t e r r e l a t e d but d i v e r s e p r o d u c t s f r o m
n u m e r o u s and d i v e r s e da t a e l e m e n t s .
A w i d e v a r i e t y and e x t e n s i v e n u m b e r
o f in tern al p r o c e s s in g a ction s m u st o c c u r .
T h i s r e q u i r e s s u c h a c t i o n s as
d e v e l o p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t i o n s w h i c h c a n be r e u s e d , e s t a b l i s h m e n t o f
l i n k a g e p o i n t s b e t w e e n o p e r a t i o n s , a d j u s t m e n t s to d a t a w h e n p r o g r a m r e q u i r e ­
m e n t s e x c e e d c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , and s u b s t a n t i a l m a n i p u l a t i o n and
r e s e q u e n c i n g o f da t a e l e m e n t s t o f o r m a h i g h l y i n t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .
M a y p r o v id e fu n ctio n a l d i r e c t i o n to l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s w ho a re
a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS— Continued

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R ---- Continued

C lass B .
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
r e la t iv e ly s im p le p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le s e g m e n ts o f c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a l l y p r o c e s s i n f o r m a t i o n t o p r o d u c e da t a in t w o
or three va ried sequences or form a ts.
R e p o r t s and l i s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y
r e f i n i n g , a d a p tin g , a r r a y i n g , o r m a k i n g m i n o r a d d i t i o n s to o r d e l e t i o n s f r o m
in pu t da ta w h i c h a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e
p r o c e s s e d , the da ta h av e b e e n r e f i n e d in p r i o r a c t i o n s s o that th e a c c u r a c y
and s e q u e n c i n g o f da t a c a n b e t e s t e d b y u s i n g a f e w r o u t i n e c h e c k s . T y p i c a l l y ,
th e p r o g r a m d e a l s w ith r o u t in e r e c o r d k e e p i n g o p e r a t i o n s .

m a j o r c h a n g e o r c a n n o t b e c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b l y s h o r t t i m e .
In
c o m m o n e r r o r s i t u a t i o n s , d i a g n o s e s c a u s e and t a k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c t i o n .
This
u s u a l l y i n v o l v e s a p p ly in g p r e v i o u s l y p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u s in g
standard c o r r e c t i o n tech n iq u es.

OR
W o r k s on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s ( a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A) u n d e r c l o s e
d ir e c tio n o f a h igher le v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M ay a s s is t higher
l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r by in depen den tly p e r f o r m in g l e s s d ifficu lt task s a s sig n e d ,
and p e r f o r m i n g m o r e d i f f i c u l t t a s k s u n d e r f a i r l y c l o s e d i r e c t i o n .
M a y g u id e o r i n s t r u c t l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C lass C .
M akes p r a c t ic a l a pp lication s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c tic e s
and c o n c e p t s u s u a l l y l e a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a i n i n g c o u r s e s .
A ssign m en ts are
d e s i g n e d to d e v e l o p c o m p e t e n c e in the a p p l i c a t i o n o f s t a n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s to
rou tin e p r o b l e m s . R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v is io n on n ew a s p e c t s o f a s sig n m e n t s ;
and w o r k i s r e v i e w e d to v e r i f y i t s a c c u r a c y and c o n f o r m a n c e w ith r e q u i r e d
procedures.

COMPUTER OPERATOR
M o n i t o r s and o p e r a t e s th e c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r to
p r o c e s s da ta a c c o r d i n g t o o p e r a t i n g i n s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a p r o ­
gram m er.
W o r k i n c l u d e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : S t u d ie s i n s t r u c t i o n s to
d e t e r m i n e e q u i p m e n t s e tu p and o p e r a t i o n s ; l o a d s e q u i p m e n t w ith r e q u i r e d
i t e m s (ta pe r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w i t c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l i a r y e q u i p m e n t in to
c i r c u i t , and s t a r t s and o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d j u s t m e n t s to c o m p u t e r to
c o r r e c t o p e r a t i n g p r o b l e m s and m e e t s p e c i a l c o n d i t i o n s ; r e v i e w s e r r o r s m a d e
d u r i n g o p e r a t i o n and d e t e r m i n e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m t o s u p e r v i s o r o r
p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a i n t a i n s o p e r a t i n g r e c o r d s .
M a y t e s t and a s s i s t in
correctin g program .
For

wage

s tu d y

purposes,

com pu ter

operators

are

cla ssified

as

follow s:
C lass A .
O p e r a t e s i n d e p e n d e n t l y , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n ,
a c o m p u t e r r u n n in g p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
N e w p r o g r a m s a r e f r e q u e n t l y t e s t e d and i n t r o d u c e d ; s c h e d u l i n g r e q u i r e m e n t s
a r e o f c r i t i c a l i m p o r t a n c e to m i n i m i z e d o w n t i m e ; the p r o g r a m s a r e o f
c o m p l e x d e s i g n s o that i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o f t e n r e q u i r e s a w o r k i n g
k n o w l e d g e o f the t o t a l p r o g r a m , and a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y n ot b e a v a i l a b l e .
M a y g i v e d i r e c t i o n and g u i d a n c e t o l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C lass B .
O p e ra te s in depen den tly , o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n ,
a c o m p u t e r r u n n in g p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
M o s t o f the p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b l i s h e d p r o d u c t i o n r u n s , t y p i c a l l y ru n on a
r e g u l a r l y r e c u r r i n g b a s i s ; t h e r e i s lit t le o r n o t e s t i n g o f n e w p r o g r a m s
r e q u i r e d ; a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v i d e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m n e e d s




OR
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v i s i o n a c o m p u t e r ru nn in g p r o g r a m s o r
s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s w ith th e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A .
May
a s s i s t a h i g h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r b y in d e p e n d e n t l y p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d i f f i c u l t t a s k s
a s s i g n e d , and p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t t a s k s f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s and
w ith f r e q u e n t r e v i e w o f o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d .

expected
a b i l i t y to
received
operator

C lass C .
W o rk s on rou tin e p r o g r a m s u nder c l o s e s u p e r v is io n .
Is
t o d e v e l o p w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f th e c o m p u t e r e q u i p m e n t u s e d and
d e t e c t p r o b l e m s i n v o l v e d in ru n n in g r o u t i n e p r o g r a m s .
U s u a l l y h as
s o m e f o r m a l t r a i n i n g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t i o n . M a y a s s i s t h i g h e r l e v e l
on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .

DRAFTER
C lass A .
P l a n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p l e x i t e m s h av in g
d i s t i n c t i v e d e s i g n f e a t u r e s th at d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t i n g
precedents.
W o r k s in c l o s e s u p p o r t w ith the d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r , and m a y
re co m m e n d m in o r design ch an ges.
A n a l y z e s the e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e on the
d e t a i l s o f f o r m , f u n c t i o n , and p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m p o n e n t s and p a r t s .
W o r k s w ith a m i n i m u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le t e d w o rk is
r e v i e w e d b y d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g i n e e r i n g d e t e r ­
m inations.
M ay e it h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a tio n by lo w e r
le v e l d rafters.

C lass B .
P e r f o r m s n o n r o u t i n e and c o m p l e x d r a f t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s
th at r e q u i r e th e a p p l i c a t i o n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d i z e d d r a w i n g t e c h n i q u e s
reg u la rly used.
D uties t y p ic a lly in v olv e such w o r k a s:
P r e p a re s w ork in g
d r a w i n g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s , m u l t i p l e f u n c t i o n s , and
p r e c is e p o sitio n a l re la tion sh ip s betw een com p on en ts; p r e p a r e s a rch ite ctu r a l
d r a w i n g s f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a b u il d in g i n c l u d i n g d e t a i l d r a w i n g s o f f o u n ­
d a t i o n s , w a l l s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p l a n s , and r o o f .
U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s and
m a n u a l s in m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y c o m p u t a t i o n s to d e t e r m i n e q u a n t i t i e s o f
m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , l o a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s , s t r e s s e s , e t c .
R eceiv es
i n i t i a l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , and a d v i c e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C om pleted
w o r k is ch e ck e d f o r te c h n ic a l a dequ acy.

C lass C .
P r e p a r e s d e t a i l d r a w i n g s o f s i n g l e unit s o r p a r t s f o r
en gin eerin g, co n stru ctio n , m anufactu rin g, o r re p a ir p u rp o se s.
Types of
dra w in g s p r e p a r e d in clud e i s o m e t r i c p r o je c t io n s (depictin g th ree d im e n s io n s
in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) and s e c t i o n a l v i e w s to c l a r i f y p o s i t i o n i n g o f c o m p o n e n t s
and c o n v e y n e e d e d i n f o r m a t i o n .
C o n so lid a te s details fr o m a n u m ber o f
s o u r c e s and a d j u s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u i r e d .
Suggested m eth od s o f
a p p r o a c h , a p p l i c a b l e p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v i c e o n s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g i v e n
w it h i n i t i a l a s s i g n m e n t s .
In st r u c tio n s a r e l e s s c o m p l e t e when a s s ig n m e n t s
recur.
W ork m a y be s p o t - c h e c k e d du rin g p r o g r e s s .

D R A F T E R -T R A C E R

E L E C T R O N IC S TE C H N IC IA N — Continued

C o p i e s p l a n s and d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c i n g t r a c i n g
c l o t h o r p a p e r o v e r d r a w i n g s and t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l .
(D oes not
i n c l u d e t r a c i n g l i m i t e d t o p l a n s p r i m a r i l y c o n s i s t i n g o f s t r a i g h t l i n e s and a
l a r g e s c a l e not r e q u i r i n g c l o s e d e l i n e a t i o n . )

W o r k m a y be r e v i e w e d b y s u p e r v i s o r ( f r e q u e n t l y an e n g i n e e r o r
d e s i g n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p l i a n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s .
M ay provide
t e c h n i c a l g u i d a n c e to l o w e r l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n s .
C la ss B .
A p p l i e s c o m p r e h e n s i v e t e c h n i c a l k n o w l e d g e to s o l v e c o m ­
p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , t h o s e th at t y p i c a l l y c a n b e s o l v e d s o l e l y b y p r o p e r l y
i n t e r p r e t i n g m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a l s o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k i n g on
e le c t r o n ic equip m en t.
W ork in volves:
A f a m i l i a r i t y w it h th e i n t e r r e l a t i o n ­
s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s ; and j u d g m e n t in d e t e r m i n i n g w o r k s e q u e n c e and in s e l e c t i n g
t o o l s and t e s t i n g i n s t r u m e n t s , u s u a l l y l e s s c o m p l e x th a n t h o s e u s e d b y the
c la s s A techn ician.

A N D /O R

W ork is

P r e p a r e s s im p le o r rep etitive draw in gs o f e a s ily v is u a lize d ite m s .
c l o s e l y s u p e r v is e d du rin g p r o g r e s s .

E L E C T R O N IC S TEC HN ICIA N

R e c e i v e s t e c h n ic a l g u id a n ce, as r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h igher
l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n , and w o r k i s r e v i e w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p l i a n c e w ith a c c e p t e d
p r a c t i c e s and w o r k a s s i g n m e n t s .
M a y p r o v i d e t e c h n i c a l g u i d a n c e to l o w e r
le v e l tech n icia n s.

W o r k s on v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t and r e l a t e d d e v i c e s
b y p e r f o r m i n g o n e o r a c o m b i n a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
In stallin g , m ain tain in g,
r e p a i r i n g , o v e r h a u l i n g , t r o u b l e s h o o t i n g , m o d i f y i n g , c o n s t r u c t i n g , and t e s t i n g .
W ork r e q u ir e s p r a c tic a l application o f te c h n ic a l know ledge o f e le c t r o n ic s
p r i n c i p l e s , a b i l i t y t o d e t e r m i n e m a l f u n c t i o n s , and s k i l l to put e q u i p m e n t in
r e q u ir e d operatin g condition.

C l a s s C . A p p lie s w o rk in g t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d ge to p e r f o r m s im p le o r
r o u t i n e t a s k s in w o r k i n g o n e l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t , f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c ­
tions w hich c o v e r v irtu a lly all p r o c e d u r e s .
W ork ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s such
tasks as:
A s s i s t i n g h ig h er l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s b y p e r f o r m i n g such a c t i v it ie s as
r e p l a c i n g c o m p o n e n t s , w i r i n g c i r c u i t s , and t a k in g t e s t r e a d i n g s ; r e p a i r i n g
s i m p l e e l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t ; and u s i n g t o o l s and c o m m o n t e s t i n s t r u m e n t s
( e . g . , m u l t i m e t e r s , a u d io s i g n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tu b e t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) .
Is n o t r e q u i r e d t o b e f a m i l i a r w ith th e i n t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s .
T h is
k n o w l e d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y b e a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a s s i g n m e n t s d e s i g n e d to
i n c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e (inclu din g c l a s s r o o m
trainin g)
s o that w o r k e r c a n
a dvan ce to h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n icia n .

T h e e q u i p m e n t — c o n s i s t i n g o f e i t h e r m a n y d i f f e r e n t k in d s o f c i r c u i t s
o r m u l t i p l e r e p e t i t i o n o f th e s a m e kin d o f c i r c u i t — i n c l u d e s , but i s n o t l i m i t e d
t o , th e f o l l o w i n g :
(a) E l e c t r o n i c t r a n s m i t t i n g and r e c e i v i n g e q u i p m e n t ( e . g . ,
r a d a r , r a d i o , t e l e v i s i o n , t e l e p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v i g a t i o n a l a i d s ) , (b) d i g i t a l and
a n a l o g c o m p u t e r s , and ( c ) i n d u s t r i a l and m e d i c a l m e a s u r i n g and c o n t r o l l i n g
equip m en t.
T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c lu d e s r e p a i r e r s o f such standard e l e c t r o n i c
e q u i p m e n t a s c o m m o n o f f i c e m a c h i n e s and h o u s e h o l d r a d i o and t e l e v i s i o n
s e t s ; p r o d u c t i o n a s s e m b l e r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y du ty i s
s e r v i c i n g e l e c t r o n i c t e s t i n s t r u m e n t s ; t e c h n i c i a n s w h o h av e a d m i n i s t r a t i v e
o r s u p e r v i s o r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s i g n e r s , and p r o f e s s i o n a l
en gin eers.
P osition s
defin ition s.

are

cla ssified

in to

levels

on

th e

basis

R e c e i v e s t e c h n ic a l gu id a n ce, as r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h igher
le v e l techn ician.
W o r k i s t y p i c a l l y s p o t c h e c k e d , but i s g i v e n d e t a i l e d r e v i e w
when n e w o r advanced a s sig n m e n ts a re in volved.
R E G IS T E R E D IN D U S T R IA L NURSE

o f the f o l l o w i n g

C lass A.
A p p l i e s a d v a n c e d t e c h n i c a l k n o w l e d g e to s o l v e u n u s u a lly
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , t h o s e that t y p i c a l l y c a n n o t be s o l v e d s o l e l y b y r e f e r ­
e n c e to m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a l s o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k i n g on e l e c ­
tr o n ic equipm ent.
E x a m p l e s o f s u c h p r o b l e m s i n c l u d e l o c a t i o n and d e n s i t y o f
c i r c u i t r y , e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c r a d i a t i o n , i s o l a t i n g m a l f u n c t i o n s , and f r e q u e n t
engineering ch a n ges.
W ork in v olv es:
A d e t a i l e d u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f th e i n t e r ­
r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g i n d e p e n d e n t j u d g m e n t in p e r f o r m i n g s u c h
ta sk s as m ak in g c i r c u i t a n a ly s e s , c a lcu la tin g w ave f o r m s , tr a c in g r e la t io n ­
s h ip s in s i g n a l f l o w ; and r e g u l a r l y u s i n g c o m p l e x t e s t i n s t r u m e n t s ( e . g . , d u a l
tr a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , dev iation m e t e r s , pu lse g e n e r a to r s ).

A r e g is t e r e d n u rse who g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e under g e n e ra l m e d ic a l
d i r e c t i o n to i ll o r in ju r e d e m p l o y e e s o r oth e r p e r s o n s who b e co m e - i l l o r
s u f f e r an a c c i d e n t o n th e p r e m i s e s o f a f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
D u t i e s i n v o l v e a c o m b i n a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : G i v i n g f i r s t aid to the i l l o r
i n j u r e d ; a tt e n d in g t o s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p i n g
r e c o r d s o f patients tr e a t e d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n sa t io n o r
o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t i o n s and h e a lt h e v a l u a t i o n s o f
a p p l i c a n t s and e m p l o y e e s ; and p la n n in g and c a r r y i n g out p r o g r a m s i n v o l v i n g
h e a lt h e d u c a t i o n , a c c i d e n t p r e v e n t i o n , e v a l u a t i o n o f p la n t e n v i r o n m e n t , o r
o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , and s a f e t y o f a ll p e r s o n n e l .
N u r s i n g s u p e r v i s o r s o r h e a d n u r s e s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than
one n u r s e a r e e x c lu d e d .

MAINTENANCE, TOOLROOM, AND POWERPLANT
M AIN TEN AN CE C A R P E N T E R

M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R — Continued

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u t i e s n e c e s s a r y t o c o n s t r u c t and m a i n t a i n
in g o o d r e p a i r b u i l d i n g w o o d w o r k and e q u i p m e n t s u c h as b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s ,
b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d
in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g and
la y i n g o u t o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ;

u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r ' s h a n d t o o l s , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , and s t a n d a r d
m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n ts ; m a k in g stan dard shop c o m p u ta tio n s re la tin g to d i m e n ­
s i o n s o f w o r k ; and s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s s a r y f o r th e w o r k .
In g e n e r a l ,
the w o r k o f the m a i n t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i ­
e n ce u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r equ iv a len t tra in in g
and e x p e r i e n c e .




16

M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R IC IA N

M A IN T E N A N C E M E CH A N IC (M otor vehicle)

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e f u n c t i o n s s u c h a s the i n s t a l ­
l a t i o n , m a i n t e n a n c e , o r r e p a i r o f e q u i p m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t i o n , d i s t r i b u t i o n ,
o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W ork in volves m o s t
o f t h e f o l l o w i n g : I n s t a l l i n g o r r e p a i r i n g any o f a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u i p ­
m en t such as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w itc h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c ir c u it
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e a t in g u n it s , c o n d u i t s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n
equ ip m en t; w ork in g f r o m b lu e p rin ts, d r a w in g s , la y ou ts, o r oth er s p e c i f i ­
c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g and d i a g n o s i n g t r o u b l e in the e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u i p ­
m e n t; w o rk in g standard co m p u ta tio n s re la tin g to load r e q u ir e m e n ts o f w irin g
o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u i p m e n t ; and u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n ' s h a n d t o o l s and
m e a s u r i n g and t e s t i n g i n s t r u m e n t s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a i n t e n a n c e
e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i l e s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ; E x a m i n i n g a u t o m o t i v e e q u i p ­
m e n t t o d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u i p m e n t and p e r f o r m i n g
r e p a i r s th at i n v o l v e th e u s e o f s u c h h a n d t o o l s a s w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r i l l s ,
o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u i p m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r fitt in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n
o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r i n d i n g and a d j u s t i n g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g and
i n s t a l l i n g th e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c l e and m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t ­
m e n t s ; and a li g n i n g w h e e l s , a d j u s t i n g b r a k e s and l i g h t s , o r t i g h t e n in g b o d y
b olts.
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m o t o r v e h i c l e m a i n t e n a n c e m e c h a n i c
r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s not in clu d e m e c h a n i c s w ho r e p a ir c u s t o m e r s '
v e h i c l e s in a u t o m o b i l e r e p a i r s h o p s .

M AIN TEN AN CE PAIN TER

M AIN TEN AN CE P IP E F IT T E R

P a i n t s and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , and f i x t u r e s o f an e s t a b ­
lish m en t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s the f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l e d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s
a nd t y p e s o f pain t r e q u i r e d f o r d i f f e r e n t a p p l i c a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r
p a in tin g b y r e m o v i n g o l d f i n i s h o r b y p l a c i n g pu tty o r f i l l e r in n a i l h o l e s and
i n t e r s t i c e s ; and a p p l y i n g pain t w ith s p r a y gun o r b r y s h .
May m ix c o l o r s ,
o i l s , w h ite l e a d , and o t h e r pa in t i n g r e d i e n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o l o r o r
c o n s i s t e n c y . In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a i n t e n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r t y p e s o f p ip e and
p i p e f i t t i n g s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
Laying
o u t w o r k and m e a s u r i n g to l o c a t e p o s i t i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w i n g s o r o t h e r
w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; cu t t in g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e t o c o r r e c t le n g t h s w ith
c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t i n g m a c h i n e s ; t h r e a d i n g
p i p e w ith s t o c k s and d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n
m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g p ip e w ith c o u p l i n g s and f a s t e n i n g p ip e to h a n g e r s ;
m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o p r e s s u r e s , f l o w , and s i z e o f
p ip e r e q u i r e d ; and m a k i n g s t a n d a r d t e s t s t o d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r f i n i s h e d p i p e s
m eet sp ecifica tion s.
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a i n t e n a n c e p i p e f i t t e r
r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
W orkers prim arily
e n g a g e d in i n s t a l l i n g and r e p a i r i n g b u i l d i n g s a n it a t io n o r h e a t in g s y s t e m s
are exclu d ed .

M A IN T E N A N C E MACH INIST
P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t s and n e w p a r t s in m a k i n g r e p a i r s o f
m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n i c a l e q u i p m e n t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W ork
i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : I n t e r p r e t i n g w r i t t e n i n s t r u c t i o n s and s p e c i ­
f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g and la y i n g out o f w o r k ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t ' s
h a n d t o o l s and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g up and o p e r a t i n g
s t a n d a r d m a c h i n e t o o l s ; s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k i n g
s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o d i m e n s i o n s o f w o r k , t o o l i n g , f e e d s ,
and s p e e d s o f m a c h i n i n g ; k n o w l e d g e o f th e w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f the c o m m o n
m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , and e q u i p m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r th is
w o r k ; and fitt in g and a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n i c a l e q u i p m e n t . In g e n e r a l ,
th e m a c h i n i s t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p
p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a f o r m a l a p p re n t ice s h ip o r equivalent
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M AIN TEN AN CE S H E E T -M E T A L W ORKER
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , and m a i n t a i n s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l
e q u i p m e n t and f i x t u r e s ( s u c h a s m a c h i n e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s ,
l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e t a l r o o f i n g ) o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P l a n n i n g and l a y in g ou t a l l t y p e s o f
s h e e t -m e ta l m ain ten a n ce w o rk fr o m b lu e p rin ts, m o d e ls , o r oth er s p e c i f i ­
c a t i o n s ; s e t t in g up and o p e r a t i n g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k i n g
m a c h i n e s ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d t o o l s in c u t t in g , b e n d i n g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g ,
f i t t i n g , and a s s e m b l i n g ; and i n s t a l l i n g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u i r e d .
In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f the m a i n t e n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E M ECH AN IC (M achin ery)
R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l e q u i p m e n t o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : E x a m i n i n g m a c h i n e s and m e c h a n i c a l
e q u i p m e n t to d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s m a n t l i n g o r p a r t l y d i s m a n t l i n g
m a c h i n e s and p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s that m a i n l y i n v o l v e th e u s e o f h a n d t o o l s in
s c r a p i n g and fitt in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w ith i t e m s
o b t a i n e d f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g the p r o d u c t i o n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t b y a
m a c h i n e s h o p o r s e n d in g the m a c h i n e to a m a c h i n e s h o p f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ;
p r e p a r i n g w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s o r f o r th e p r o d u c t i o n o f
p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h i n e s h o p s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h i n e s ; and m a k i n g a ll
n e c e s s a r y adjustm ents fo r op eration.
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f a m a c h i n e r y
m ain ten ance m e c h a n ic
requ ires
r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y
a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i ­
ence.
E x c l u d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u t ie s
i n v o l v e s e t t in g up o r a d j u s t i n g m a c h i n e s .




M ILLW RIG H T
I n s t a l l s n e w m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u i p m e n t , and d i s m a n t l e s and
i n s t a l l s m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u i p m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s in th e pla n t la y o u t a r e
requ ired.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ;
P la n n in g and la y i n g ou t
w o r k ; in te r p r e tin g b lu ep rin ts o r oth e r s p e c if ic a t io n s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f handt o o l s and r i g g i n g ; m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; a l i g n i n g and b a l a n c i n g e q u i p ­
m e n t ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d t o o l s , e q u i p m e n t , and p a r t s to b e u s e d ; and i n s t a l l i n g
and m a i n t a i n i n g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u i p m e n t s u c h as d r i v e s
and s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , the m i l l w r i g h t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a
r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

17

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S H ELPE R

T O O L A N D DIE M AKER

A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s , byp e r f o r m in g s p e c if ic o r g e n e r a l d u ties o f l e s s e r s k ill, such as keepin g a
w o r k e r s u p p l i e d w ith m a t e r i a l s and t o o l s ; c l e a n i n g w o r k i n g a r e a , m a c h i n e ,
and e q u i p m e n t ; a s s i s t i n g j o u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r t o o l s ; and p e r ­
f o r m i n g o th e r u n sk illed ta sk s as d i r e c t e d by jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e kin d o f w o r k
the h e l p e r i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e :
In s o m e
t r a d e s th e h e l p e r i s c o n f i n e d to s u p p l y i n g , l i f t i n g , and h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s and
t o o l s , and c l e a n i n g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; and in o t h e r s he i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m
s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e that a r e a l s o p e r f o r m e d
b y w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .

C o n s t r u c t s and r e p a i r s j i g s , f i x t u r e s , c u t t in g t o o l s , g a u g e s , o r m e t a l
d i e s o r m o l d s u s e d in s h a p in g o r f o r m i n g m e t a l o r n o n m e t a l l i c m a t e r i a l ( e . g . ,
p la stic, p la ster, ru bber, g la ss). W ork ty pically in v o lv e s :
P la n n in g and la y in g
o u t w o r k a c c o r d i n g to m o d e l s , b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , o r o t h e r w r i t t e n o r o r a l
s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u n d e r s t a n d i n g the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s and
a l l o y s ; s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r i a t e m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , and p r o c e s s e s r e q u i r e d to
c o m p l e t e t a s k s ; m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s ; s e t t in g up and o p e r a t i n g
v a r i o u s m a c h i n e t o o l s and r e l a t e d e q u i p m e n t ; u s i n g v a r i o u s t o o l and die
m a k e r ' s h a n d t o o l s and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; w o r k i n g to v e r y
c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g m e t a l p a r t s and f i n i s h e d t o o l s and d i e s to
a c h i e v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; fitt in g and a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r ­
a n c e s and a l l o w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l , the t o o l and d ie m a k e r ' s w o r k r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d
t h r o u g h f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A C H IN E -TO O L O P E R A TO R (T oolroom )
S p e c i a l i z e s in o p e r a t i n g o n e o r m o r e than o n e ty p e o f m a c h i n e t o o l
( e . g . , j i g b o r e r , g r i n d i n g m a c h i n e , e n g in e la t h e , m i l l i n g m a c h i n e ) to m a c h i n e
m e t a l f o r u s e in m a k i n g o r m a in t a i n i n g j i g s , f i x t u r e s , c u tt in g t o o l s , g a u g e s ,
o r m e t a l d i e s o r m o l d s u s e d in s h a p in g o r f o r m i n g m e t a l o r n o n m e t a l l i c
m a te ria l (e .g ., p la stic, p la ster, rubber, gla ss).
W ork ty p ica lly in v o lv e s :
P l a n n i n g and p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t m a c h i n i n g o p e r a t i o n s w h i c h r e q u i r e c o m ­
p l i c a t e d s e t u p s o r a hig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; s e t t in g up m a c h i n e t o o l o r
t o o l s ( e . g . , i n s t a l l cu t t in g t o o l s and a d j u s t g u i d e s , s t o p s , w o r k i n g t a b l e s ,
and o t h e r c o n t r o l s to h a n d le the s i z e o f s t o c k t o be m a c h i n e d ; d e t e r m i n e
p r o p e r f e e d s , s p e e d s , t o o l i n g , and o p e r a t i o n s e q u e n c e o r s e l e c t t h o s e p r e ­
s c r i b e d in d r a w i n g s , b l u e p r i n t s , o r l a y o u t s ) ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n
m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n ts ; m ak in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm en ts du rin g m a ch in in g
o p e r a t i o n t o a c h i e v e r e q u i s i t e d i m e n s i o n s to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s .
M ay be
r e q u i r e d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o l a n t s and cu tt in g and l u b r i c a t i n g o i l s , to
r e c o g n i z e w h e n t o o l s n e e d d r e s s i n g , and to d r e s s t o o l s .
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k
o f a m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r ( t o o l r o o m ) at th e s k i l l l e v e l c a l l e d f o r in th is
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n r e q u i r e s e x t e n s i v e k n o w l e d g e o f m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m
p ractice
u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh c o n s i d e r a b l e o n - t h e - j o b train in g a n d
ex p erien ce.

in clud e
shops.

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , t h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s not
i n c l u d e t o o l and d ie m a k e r s w h o (1) a r e e m p l o y e d in t o o l and d ie j o b b i n g
s h o p s o r (2) p r o d u c e f o r g i n g d i e s ( d ie s i n k e r s ) .
S T A T IO N A R Y EN G IN EER
O p e r a t e s and m a i n t a i n s and m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e the o p e r a t i o n o f
s t a t i o n a r y e n g i n e s and e q u i p m e n t ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p p l y the
e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h i c h e m p l o y e d w ith p o w e r , h e at, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r con ditionin g.
W ork in v olv es:
O p e r a t i n g and m a i n t a i n i n g e q u i p m e n t s u c h as
ste a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , tu r b in e s, ven tilating
and r e f r i g e r a t i n g e q u i p m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ;
m a k i n g e q u i p m e n t r e p a i r s ; and k e e p i n g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t i o n o f m a c h i n e r y ,
t e m p e r a t u r e , and f u e l c o n s u m p t i o n .
M ay a lso su p e rv ise these op e r a tio n s.
H e ad o r c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than o n e e n g i n e e r
are ex clu d ed .
BO ILER TEN DE R
F ires
s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s t o f u r n i s h th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h i c h
e m p l o y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r , o r
steam .
F e e d s f u e l s t o f i r e b y hand o r
o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n i c a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; and c h e c k s w a t e r and
sa fety v a lv e s .
M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u i p m e n t .

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s not
m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s ( t o o l r o o m ) e m p l o y e d in t o o l and die j o b b i n g

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
T R U C K D R I V E R — C o n t in u e d

TRU CK DR IVER
D r i v e s a t r u c k w ith in a c i t y o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e ­
r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e , equipm en t, o r w o r k e r s betw een v a rio u s ty pes of e s ta b ­
lish m e n ts such a s:
M a n ufactu ring plan ts, fre ig h t d e p o ts , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e ­
s a l e and r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e t w e e n r e t a i l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o l o a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith
o r w it h o u t h e l p e r s , m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p t r u c k in g o o d
working
order.
S a l e s - r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s
are ex clu d e d .

T ru ck d river,
T ru ck d river,
T ru ck d river,
T ru ck d river,

SHIPPING A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h i p m e n t , o r r e c e i v e s and i s r e s p o n s i b l e
f o r in c o m in g ship m en ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th er m a t e r ia ls .
S h ip p in g w o r k
i n v o l v e s : A k n ow led g e o f shipping p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u te s , a v a ila b le
m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , and r a t e s ; and p r e p a r i n g r e c o r d s o f th e g o o d s

F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e and
ty p e o f e q u i p m e n t , a s f o l l o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld be r a t e d on the b a s i s
o f tr a ile r ca pa city.)




lig h t t r u c k ( u n d e r 1 V2 t o n s )
m e d i u m t r u c k ( 1 V2 to and i n c l u d i n g 4 to n s )
heavy tru ck (tr a ile r ) (o v e r 4 tons)
h e a v y t r u c k ( o t h e r th a n t r a i l e r ) ( o v e r 4 t o n s )

18

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K — C o n tin u e d

S H IP P IN G P A C K E R — C o n tin u e d

s h ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s t in g w e ig h t and s h ip p in g c h a r g e s , and
k e e p in g a f i l e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s .
M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r in g the
m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m e n t.
R e c e iv in g w o r k i n v o l v e s :
V e r if y in g o r d ir e c t in g
o t h e r s in v e r i f y i n g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f s h ip m e n ts a g a in s t b i l l s o f la d in g ,
i n v o i c e s , o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r s h o r t a g e s and r e j e c t i n g d a m a g e d
g o o d s ; r o u tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; and m a in ­
ta in in g n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and f i l e s .

s h ip p in g c o n t a in e r s and m a y in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g : K n o w le d g e
o f v a r io u s it e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y c o n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r ia t e
ty p e and s iz e o f c o n t a in e r ; in s e r t in g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a in e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r
o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g and s e a lin g c o n ­
t a in e r ; and a p p ly in g la b e ls o r e n t e r in g id e n tify in g d a ta on c o n t a in e r .
P ack ers
w h o a ls o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .
M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G L A B O R E R

F o r w age

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

w ork ers

a re c la s s ifie d

as fo llo w s :
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t, s t o r e , o r
o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t w h o s e d u tie s in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
L o a d in g and u n lo a d in g v a r io u s m a t e r i a l s and m e r c h a n d is e o n o r f r o m f r e ig h t
c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t in g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r
s t o r a g e lo c a t io n ; and t r a n s p o r t in g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d t r u c k , c a r , o r w h e e l b a r r o w .
L on gshore
w o r k e r s , w h o lo a d and u n lo a d s h ip s , a r e e x c lu d e d .

S h ip p in g c l e r k
R e c e iv in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g and r e c e i v i n g c l e r k
W AREH O U SEM AN
A s d i r e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f w a r e h o u s in g d u tie s w h ic h r e q u ir e
an u n d e r s t a n d in g o f th e e s t a b lis h m e n t 's s t o r a g e p la n .
W o rk i n v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
V e r if y in g m a t e r i a l s ( o r m e r c h a n d is e ) a g a in s t r e c e i v i n g
d o c u m e n t s , n o tin g and r e p o r t in g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and o b v io u s d a m a g e s ; r o u tin g
m a t e r i a l s to p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e lo c a t i o n s ; s t o r i n g , s t a c k in g , o r p a lle t iz in g
m a t e r i a l s in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m e t h o d s ; r e a r r a n g in g and
t a k i n g in v e n t o r y o f s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s ; e x a m in in g s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s and
r e p o r t in g d e t e r io r a t io n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s t o r a g e and
p r e p a r in g it f o r s h ip m e n t.
M a y o p e r a t e hand o r p o w e r t r u c k s in p e r f o r m in g
w a r e h o u s in g d u t ie s .
E x c lu d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u tie s in v o lv e sh ip p in g and r e c e i v ­
in g w o r k ( s e e S h ip p in g and R e c e iv in g C le r k and S h ip p in g P a c k e r ) , o r d e r f illin g
( s e e O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a t in g p o w e r t r u c k s ( s e e P o w e r - T r u c k O p e r a t o r ) .
O RD ER F IL L E R
F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d
m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s o n s a le s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r o t h e r i n s t r u c t io n s .
M a y , in a d d itio n to f illin g o r d e r s and in d i­
c a tin g it e m s f i l l e d o r o m it t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g q r d e r s , r e q u is i t io n
a d d itio n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p lie s to s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m o th e r
r e la t e d d u t ie s .
S H IP P IN G P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s f in is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p la c in g th e m
in s h ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t
u p on th e t y p e , s i z e , and n u m b e r o f u n its to b e p a c k e d , the ty p e o f c o n t a in e r
e m p lo y e d , and m e t h o d o f s h ip m e n t.
W o r k r e q u i r e s th e p la c i n g o f it e m s in




*19

P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o l l e d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k
o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t g o o d s and m a t e r i a l s o f a ll k in d s a b ou t a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t, o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
tr u ck ,

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s
as fo llo w s :

are

c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f p o w e r -

F o r k lift o p e r a to r
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r ( o t h e r th a n f o r k lif t )
GUARD AND W ATCHM AN
G u ard.
P e r f o r m s r o u tin e p o l i c e d u t ie s , e it h e r at f ix e d p o s t o r on
t o u r , m a in ta in in g o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s
g u a r d s w h o a r e s ta t io n e d at g a te and c h e c k on id e n tity o f e m p lo y e e s and
o t h e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .
W a tch m a n .
M a k e s ro u n d s o f p r e m i s e s
p r o p e r t y a g a in s t f i r e , t h e ft, and i l l e g a l e n t r y .

p e r io d ic a lly

in

p r o t e c t in g

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R
C le a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d it io n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l
o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , and p o li s h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g c h i p s , t r a s h ,
and o t h e r r e f u s e ; d u s tin g e q u ip m e n t, f u r n it u r e , o r f ix t u r e s ; p o li s h in g m e t a l
f i x t u r e s o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p lie s and m i n o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ;
and c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o rk e rs w ho s p e c ia liz e
in w in d o w w a s h in g a r e e x c l u d e d .

Available On RequestThe fo llo w in g a r e a s , re su r v e y e d p e r io d ic a lly fo r u se in a d m in is te r in g the S e r v ic e C o n tra ct
a
a v a ila b le at no c o s t fr o m any o f the B L S re g io n a l o f fic e s show n on the b a ck c o v e r .
A la sk a
A lban y, Ga.
A lb u q u e rq u e , N. M ex.
A le x a n d r ia , La.
A lp e n a , S tand ish, and T a w as C ity , M ich .
Ann A r b o r , M ich .
A s h e v ille , N .C .
A tlan tic C ity, N.J.
A u gu sta, Ga.—S.C .
B a k e r s fie ld , C a lif.
Baton R ou ge, La.
B attle C r e e k , M ich .
B eaum ont—P o r t A rth u r— r a n g e , T ex.
O
B ilo x i— u lfp ort and P a s c a g o u la , M is s .
G
B o is e C ity , Idaho
B r e m e r t o n , W ash.
B r id g e p o r t , N o rw a lk , and S ta m fo r d , Conn.
B ru n s w ick , Ga.
B u rlin g to n , Vt.—N .Y.
C ape C o d , M ass.
C e d a r R a p id s, Iowa
C ham paign—Urbana— antoul, 111.
R
C h a r le s to n , S.C .
C h a rlotte—G asto n ia , N .C .
C h eyen n e, W yo.
C la r k s v ille —H o p k in s v ilie , T enn.— y .
K
C o lo r a d o S p rin g s , C o lo .
C o lu m b ia , S.C.
C o lu m b u s, Ga.— la .
A
C o lu m b u s , M is s .
C r a n e , Ind.
Decatur, 111.
D es M o in e s , Iowa
D othan, A la .
Duluth—S u p e r io r , M inn.—W is.
El P a s o , T e x ., and A la m o g o r d o —Las C r u c e s , N. M ex.
Eugene—S p rin g fie ld , O re g .
F a y e tt e v ille , N.C.
F itch b u rg —L e o m in s t e r , M a s s .
F o r t Sm ith, A r k .—O kla.
F o r t W ayne, Ind.
F r e d e r i c k — ager s to w n , M d.— h a m b e rs b u rg , P a .—
H
C
M a r tin s b u r g , W. Va.
G adsden and A n n is to n , A la .
G o ld s b o r o , N .C .
G rand Island—H a stin gs, N e b r.
G re a t F a lls , M ont.
G uam , T e r r i t o r y o f
H a r ris b u r g —Lebanon, Pa.
Huntington— sh la n d , W. Va.— y.—
A
K
Ohio
K n o x v ille , Tenn.
La C r o s s e , W is.
L a red o, T ex.
L as V e g a s , Nev.
Law ton, O kla.
L im a , O hio
L ittle R ock —N orth L ittle R o c k , A rk .

A ct

of

1965.

S u rv e y r e s u lts a r e p u b lish ed

in r e le a s e s w h ich ,

w h ile su p p lies

la s t,

a re o r w ill

be

L ogan sp o rt—P e r u , Ind.
L o ra in — ly r ia , Ohio
E
L o w e r E a s te r n S h o re , M d.—V a.—D el.
L y n ch b u rg , Va.
M a co n , Ga.
M a d iso n , W is.
M a n s fie ld , O hio
M a rq u e tte , E s ca n a b a , Sault Ste. M a r ie , M ich .
M cA lle n —P h a rr^ E d in b u rg and B r o w n s v ille —
H arlin gen —
San B e n ito , T e x .
M e d fo rd — lam ath F a lls — rants P a s s , O re g .
K
G
M e r id ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , M onm outh, and O cean C o s ., N .J.
M o b ile and P e n s a c o la , A la .—F la .
M o n tg o m e r y , A la .
N a s h v ille — a v id so n , T enn.
D
New B ern —J a c k s o n v ille , N.C.
N ew London—N o rw ich , C onn.—R .I.
N orth D akota, State o f
O rla n d o , F la.
O xnard—Sim i V a lley—V en tu ra , C a lif.
P a nam a C ity , F la .
P a r k e r sbu rg— a rie tta , W. V a.— hio
M
O
P e o r ia , 111.
P h o e n ix , A r iz .
P in e B lu ff, A r k .
P o c a t e llo —
Idaho F a lls , Idaho
P o r ts m o u th , N .H.—M aine—M a s s .
P u e b lo , C o lo .
P u e rto R ic o
R e n o , N ev.
Richland— K e n n e w i c k — Walla WallaPendleton, W a s h . — Oreg.
R iv e r side—San B e r n a rd in o — n ta rio, C a lif.
O
S alina, K ans.
S alinas— e a sid e —M o n te r e y , C a lif.
S
Sandusky, O hio
Santa B a rb a ra —
Santa M aria—L o m p o c , C a lif.
Savannah, Ga.
S e lm a , A la .
Sherm an—D e n iso n , T e x .
S h r e v e p o rt, La.
Sioux F a lls , S. Dak.
Spokane, W ash.
S p r in g fie ld , 111.
S p rin g fie ld — h ic o p e e —H o ly o k e , M a s s .—
C
Conn.
S tock ton , C a lif.
T a c o m a , W ash.
Tam pa—St. P e t e r s b u r g , F la .
T o p e k a , K ans.
T u c s o n , A r iz .
T u ls a , O kla.
V a lle jo — a ir fie ld —Napa, C a lif.
F
W aco and K ille e n —T e m p le , T ex .
W a te rlo o — e d a r F a lls , Iow a
C
W est T e x a s P la in s
W ilm in gton , D e l.—N .J.—M d.

An annual r e p o r t on s a la r ie s fo r a c c o u n ta n ts , a u d it o r s , c h ie f a cco u n ta n ts , a tto r n e y s , jo b a n a ly s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l, b u y e r s , c h e m is t s , e n g in e e r s , e n g in e e r in g tech n ician s., d r a f t e r s , and
c le r i c a l e m p lo y e e s is a v a ila b le
O rd e r a s B L S B u lletin 1891, N ational S u rvey o f P r o fe s s io n a l, A d m in is tr a tiv e , T e c h n ic a l, and C le r i c a l P a y , M a r c h 1 9 7 5 . $ 1 . 3 0 a c o p y , fr o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l sa le s
o f fic e s shown on the back c o v e r , o r fro m the Superintenden t o f D o cu m e n ts , U.S. G o ve rn m e n t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington, D .C . 20402.







Area Wage Surveys
A lis t o f the la te s t av a ila b le b u lle tin s is p r e s e n te d b e lo w . A d ir e c t o r y o f a r e a w age stu d ies in clu d in g m o r e lim ite d stu dies c on d u cted at the re q u e s t o f the
E m p lo ym e n t Standards A d m in is tra tio n o f the U .S. D epartm en t o f L a b o r is ava ila b le on r e q u e s t. B u lle tin s m ay be p u r c h a s e d fr o m any o f the BLS r e g io n a l o f fi c e s shown
on the b a ck c o v e r o r fr o m the S uperintendent o f D o cu m e n ts, U .S. G o ve rn m e n t P rin tin g O ff ic e , W ashington, D .C . 20402

A rea
A k ro n , O h io, D e c . 1975______________________________________________
A lban y— chenectady—T r o y , N .Y ., Sept. 1 9 7 5 1
S
__________________ ___
A n a h e im -S a n ta A n a -G a r d e n G ro v e , C a lif., O ct. 1 9 7 5 1___________
Atlanta, G a.,
M ay
1976___________________________________________
A u stin , T e x .,
D e c . 1 97 51 _________________________________________
B a lt im o r e , M d ., A u g. 1 9 7 5 1 ________________________________________
B illin g s , M o n t., J u ly 1976___________________________________________
B ingh am ton , N .Y ^ P a ., J u ly 1976 1 ________________________________
B irm in g h a m , A la ., M a r . 1 9 7 6 1
_____________________________________
B o sto n , M a s s ., A u g. 1 9 7 5 1__________________________________________
B u ffa lo , N .Y ., O ct.
1 9 7 5 1_________________________________________
C anton, O h io, M ay
1 9 7 6 __________________________________________
C h attanooga, T en n ^-G a., Sept. 1 9 7 5 1______________________________
C h ic a g o , 111., M ay 1976______________________________________________
C in cin n a ti, O hio— y.—Ind., M a r . 197 6______________________________
K
C le v e la n d , O h io, Sept. 1 97 5____________________ ____________________
C o lu m b u s, O h io, O ct. 1 9 7 5 1 ________________ ________________________
C o rp u s C h r is t i, T e x ., J u ly 1976____________________________________
D allas— o r t W orth , T e x ., O ct. 1 9 7 5 1 ______________________________
F
D a v e n p o rt— o c k Island— o lin e , I o w a -I ll., F e b . 19 7 6 ____________
R
M
D ayton, O h io, D e c . 1975_____________________________________________
D aytona B e a ch , F la ., A u g. 1976__________________-__________________
D en ver—B o u ld e r , C o lo ., D e c . 197 5_________________________________
D e tr o it, M ic h ., M a r . 1976*__________________________________________
F o r t L a u d e r d a le -H o lly w o o d and W est P a lm Beach—
B o c a R aton , F la ., A p r. 1976______________________________________
F r e s n o , C a lif., June 1 97 6___________________________________________
G a in e s v ille , F la ., Sept. 1975________________________________________
G re e n B ay, W is ., J u ly 1976_________________________________________
G r e e n s b o r o — in s to n -S a le m —
W
High P o in t, N .C ., A u g. 1976_______
G r e e n v ille — partan burg, S .C ., June 1 97 6*________________________
S
H a r tfo r d , C on n ., M a r . 1976_________________________________________
H ouston, T e x ., A p r . 1976____________________________________________
H u n tsv ille , A la ., F e b . 1976 _________________________________________
In d ian ap olis, Ind., O ct. 1 9 7 5 1 ______________________________________
J a c k s o n , M is s ., F e b . 1976___________________________________________
J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., D e c . 1975_______________________________________
K a n sa s C ity, M o —K a n s ., Sept. 197 5_______________________________
L e x in g to n -F a y e tte , K y ., N ov. 1 9 7 5 1_______________________________
L o s A n g e le s —L on g B e a ch , C a lif., O ct. 1 9 7 5 * _____________________
L o u is v ille , K y.—Ind., N o v. 197 5_____________________________________
M e lb o u r n e -T it u s v ille — o c o a , F la ., A u g. 1975____________________
C
M e m p h is , Tenn.— r k ,— is s ., N o v . 1975___________________________
A
M
* Prices are determined by the Government Printing Office and are subject to change.
1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

B u lle tin num ber
and p r i c e *
1 8 5 0 -8 0 ,
185 0 -6 3 ,
1 8 5 0 -7 5 ,
1 9 0 0 -3 0 ,
1 8 5 0 -8 3 ,
1 8 5 0 -6 2 ,
1 9 0 0 -3 9 ,
1 9 0 0 -4 9 ,
1 9 0 0 -1 1 ,
1 8 5 0 -5 8 ,
1 8 5 0 -6 9 ,
1 9 0 0 -2 8 ,
1 8 5 0 -6 7 ,
1 9 0 0 -3 2 ,
1 9 0 0 -7 ,
1 8 5 0 -6 4 ,
1 8 5 0 -7 8 ,
1 9 0 0 -4 1 ,
18 5 0 -5 9 ,
1 9 0 0 -2 5 ,
1 8 5 0 -7 3 ,
1 9 0 0 -4 5 ,
1 8 5 0 -8 2 ,
1 9 0 0 -1 5 ,

45 cen ts
$ 1 .2 0
85 cen ts
85 ce n ts
75 cents
$ 1 .3 0
55 cents
85 ce n ts
95 cen ts
$ 1 .5 0
95 cen ts
5 5 cen ts
85 cents
$1.05
75 cen ts
$ 1 .3 0
95 cen ts
55 cen ts
$ 1 .5 0
55 cen ts
45 ce n ts
45 ce n ts
75 cen ts
$ 1 .2 5

1 9 0 0 -2 0 ,
19 0 0 -2 9 ,
18 5 0 -5 7 ,
1 9 0 0 -3 7 ,
1 9 0 0 -4 7 ,
190 0 -3 6 ,
1 9 0 0 -1 4 ,
1 9 0 0 -2 6 ,
1 9 0 0 -1 7 ,
1 8 5 0 -6 6 ,
1 9 0 0 -8 ,
1 8 5 0 -8 1 ,
1 8 5 0 -5 5 ,
1 8 5 0 -8 4 ,
1 8 5 0 -8 6 ,
1 8 5 0 -7 9 ,
1 8 5 0 -5 4 ,
1 8 5 0 -8 5 ,

55 cen ts
55 cen ts
$ 1 .1 0
55 cen ts
65 ce n ts
85 cen ts
55 ce n ts
85 ce n ts
55 cen ts
95 cen ts
55 cen ts
45 cents
80 cents
75 cen ts
$ 1 .1 5
45 ce n ts
65 ce n ts
45 ce n ts

A rea

B u lletin num ber
and p r i c e *

M i a m i , F l a . , O c t . 1 9 7 5 ________________________________________________________
M i lw a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1 9 7 6 _________________________________________________
M i n n e a p o li s —S t . P a u l , M i n n .—W i s . , J a n . 1 9 7 6 __________________________
N a s s a u - S u f f o l k , N . Y . , J u n e 1 9 7 6 ___________________________________________
N e w a r k , N . J . , J a n . 1 9 7 6 _______________________________________________ _______
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , J a n . 1 9 7 6 ________________________________________________
N e w Y o r k , N . Y ^ N . J . , M a y 1 9 7 6 ____________________________________________
N o r f o lk —V i r g i n i a B e a c h —P o r t s m o u t h , V a — N . C . , M a y 1 9 7 6 1 ______
N o r f o lk —V i r g i n i a B e a c h —P o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t N e w s —

1 8 5 0 -7 6 ,
1 9 0 0 -2 2 ,
1 9 0 0 -3 ,
1 9 0 0 -3 5 ,
1 9 0 0 -1 0 ,
1 9 0 0 -2 ,
1 9 0 0 -4 8 ,
1 9 0 0 -2 7 ,

95 c e n ts
8 5 c e n ts
95 cen ts
8 5 cen ts
8 5 cen ts
75 c e n ts
$ 1 .0 5
8 5 cen ts

H a m p t o n , V a — N . C . , M a y 1 9 7 6 1 __________________________________________
N o r t h e a s t P e n n s y l v a n i a , A u g . 1 9 7 6 ________________________________________
O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a ., A u g . 1 9 7 6 _______________________ ___________________
O m a h a , N e b r ,—I o w a , O c t . 1 9 7 5 ______________________________________________
P a t e r s o n - C l i f t o n - P a s s a i c , N . J . , J u n e 1 9 7 6 _____________________________
P h i l a d e lp h i a , P a - N . J . , N o v . 1 9 7 5 _________________________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1 9 7 6 1 _________________________________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , N o v . 1 9 7 5 __________________________________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g ,—W a s h . , M a y 1 9 7 5 _______________________ _________________
P o u g h k e e p s i e , N . Y . , J u n e 1 9 7 5 * ___________________________________________
P o u g h k e e p s i e —K i n g s t o n - N e w b u r g h , N . Y . , J u n e 1 9 7 5 1 ____ ,___________
P r o v i d e n c e - W a r w i c k —P a w t u c k e t , R . I — M a s s . , J u n e 1 9 7 6 __________
R a l e ig h —D u r h a m , N . C . , F e b . 1 9 7 6 _________________________________________
R i c h m o n d , V a . , J u n e 1 9 7 6 _____________________________ _______________________
S t . L o u i s , M o ,—111., M a r . 1 9 7 6 1 ____________________________________________
S a c r a m e n t o , C a l i f . , D e c . 1 9 7 5 ______________________________________________
S a g in a w , M i c h . , N o v . 1 9 7 5 ___________________________________________________
S a lt L a k e C it y —O g d e n , U t a h , N o v . 1 9 7 5 1 _________ _____________ _________
S a n A n t o n io , T e x . , M a y 1 9 7 6 ________________________________________________
S a n D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1 9 7 5 _________________________________________________
S a n F r a n c i s c o —O a k l a n d , C a l i f . , M a r . 1 9 7 6 _____________________________
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1 9 7 6 __________________________________________________
S e a t t l e —E v e r e t t , W a s h . , J a n . 1 9 7 6 _________________________________________
S o u th B e n d , I n d ., M a r . 1 9 7 6 _________________________________________________
S t a m f o r d , C o n n ., M a y 1 9 7 6 1_________________________________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 7 6 ____________________________________________________
T o l e d o , O h i o - M i c h . , M a y 1 9 7 6 ______________________________________________
T r e n t o n , N . J . , S e p t . 1 9 7 5 1 ___________________________________________________
U t i c a —R o m e , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 7 5 * ___________________________________________ ___
W a s h i n g t o n , D . C — M d ^ V a . , M a r . 1 9 7 6 _ _________________________________
W e s t c h e s t e r C o u n t y , N . Y . , M a y 1 9 7 6 _____________________ _______________
W i c h i t a , K a n s . , A p r . 1 9 7 6 ____________________________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , A p r . 1 9 7 6 _______________________________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1 9 7 6 _____________________________________________________ _____

1 9 0 0 -3 3 ,
1 9 0 0 -4 3 ,
1 9 0 0 -4 2 ,
1 8 5 0 -5 6 ,
1 9 0 0 -3 8 ,
1 8 5 0 -6 5 ,
1 9 0 0 -1 ,
1 8 5 0 -7 2 ,
1 8 5 0 -4 0 ,
1 8 5 0 -7 0 ,
1 8 5 0 -6 8 ,
1 9 0 0 -3 1 ,
1 9 0 0 -1 8 ,
1 9 0 0 -3 4 ,
1 9 0 0 -1 9 ,
1 8 5 0 -8 7 ,
1 8 5 0 -7 1 ,
1 8 5 0 -7 4 ,
1 9 0 0 -2 3 ,
1 8 5 0 -7 7 ,
1 9 0 0 -9 ,
1 9 0 0 -1 3 ,
1 9 0 0 -6 ,
1 9 0 0 -5 ,
1 9 0 0 -4 0 ,
1 9 0 0 -4 4 ,
1 9 0 0 -2 4 ,
1 8 5 0 -6 0 ,
1 8 5 0 -4 8 ,
1 9 0 0 -1 2 ,
1 9 0 0 -4 6 ,
1 9 0 0 -2 1 ,
1 9 0 0 -1 6 ,
1 9 0 0 -4 ,

85 cen ts
65 ce n ts
55 c e n ts
$ 1 .1 0
55 c e n ts
8 5 cen ts
$ 1 .1 5
4 5 cen ts
75 cen ts
65 cen ts
75 cen ts
7 5 cen ts
55 cen ts
65 c e n ts
$ 1 .2 5
4 5 c e n ts
3 5 c e n ts
7 5 c e n ts
65 c e n ts
4 5 c e n ts
95 cen ts
7 5 c e n ts
65 c e n ts
55 c e n ts
85 ce n ts
55 ce n ts
55 c e n ts
$ 1 .2 0
80 c e n ts
8 5 cen ts
55 cen ts
55 cen ts
55 cen ts
55 c e n ts

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
R e g io n I

R e g io n II

R e g io n IV

R e g io n I I I

1 60 3 J F K F e d e ra l B u ild in g
G o v e r n m e n t C e n te r
B o s to n , M a s s . 0 2 2 0 3
P h o n e : 2 2 3 -6 7 6 1 (A re a C o d e 6 1 7 )

S u ite 3 4 0 0
1 5 1 5 B ro a d w a y
N e w Y o rk , N .Y . 1 0 0 3 6
P h o n e : 9 7 1 -5 4 0 5 (A re a C o d e 2 1 2 )

3 5 3 5 M a rk e t S tre e t,
P .O . B o x 1 3 3 0 9
P h ila d e lp h ia , Pa. 19101
P h o n e : 5 9 6 -1 1 5 4 (A re a C o d e 2 1 5 )

S u ite 5 4 0
1371 P e a c h tre e S t., N .E .
A t la n ta , G a . 3 0 3 0 9
P h o n e : 5 2 6 -5 4 1 8 (A re a C o d e 4 0 4 )

C o n n e c t ic u t
M a in e
M a s s a c h u s e tts
N e w H a m p s h ir e
R h o d e I s la n d
V e rm o n t

N e w J e rs e y
N e w Y o rk
P u e rto R ic o
V ir g in I s la n d s

D e la w a re
D is t r ic t o f C o lu m b ia
M a ry la n d
P e n n s y lv a n ia
V ir g in ia
W e s t V ir g in ia

A la b a m a
F lo rid a
G e o r g ia
K e n tu c k y
M is s is s ip p i
N o rth C a ro lin a
S o u th C a ro lin a
Tennessee

R e g io n V
9 th F lo o r, 2 3 0 S. D e a rb o rn S t.
C h ic a g o , I II. 6 0 6 0 4
P h o n e : 3 5 3 -1 8 8 0 (A re a C o d e 3 1 2 )
I llin o is
In d ia n a
M ic h ig a n
M in n e s o ta
O h io
W is c o n s in




.R e g io n V I

R e g io n s V I I a n d V I I I

R e g io n s IX a n d X

S e c o n d F lo o r
5 5 5 G r iff in S q u a re B u ild in g
D a lla s , T e x . 7 5 2 0 2
P h o n e : 7 4 9 -3 5 1 6 (A re a C o d e 2 1 4 )

F e d e ra l O ffic e B u ild in g
911 W a ln u t S t., 1 5 th F lo o r
K a n s a s C ity , M o . 6 4 1 0 6
P h o n e : 3 7 4 -2 4 8 1 (A re a C o d e 8 1 6 )

4 5 0 G o ld e n G a te A ve .
B ox 36017
S a n F r a n c is c o , C a lif . 9 4 1 0 2
P h o n e : 5 5 6 -4 6 7 8 (A re a C o d e 4 1 5 )

A rk a n s a s
L o u is ia n a
N e w M e x ic o
O k la h o m a
T exas

V II
Io w a
K ansas
M is s o u r i
N e b ra s k a

IX
A r iz o n a
C a lif o r n ia
H a w a ii
Nevada

V III
C o lo r a d o
M o n ta n a
N o rth D a k o ta
S o u th D a k o ta
U ta h
W y o m in g

X
A la s k a
Id a h o
O re g o n
W a s h in g to n


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