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Area Wage Purvey
Greensboro-Winston-Salem-High Point,
North Carolina, Metropolitan Area, August 1976
Bulletin 1900-47
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics

VA.
N CAR
STOKES




Preface
T h is b u lle t in p r o v i d e s r e s u l t s o f a n A u g u s t 1976 s u r v e y
o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s in th e G r e e n s b o r o - W i n s t o n - S a l e m - H i g h
P o in t, N o r t h C a r o lin a , S ta n d a r d M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a
( D a v id s o n , F o r s y t h ,
G u i lfo r d , R a n d o lp h , S t o k e s ,
a nd Y a d k in
C o u n t ie s ).
T h e s u r v e y w a s m a d e a s p a r t o f th e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s ' a n n u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m , w h ic h is d e s ig n e d
t o y i e l d da ta f o r in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o l it a n a r e a s a s w e ll a s n a ­
t io n a l a nd r e g i o n a l e s t im a t e s f o r a ll S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S ta ­
t i s t i c a l A r e a s in th e U n ite d S t a t e s , e x c lu d in g A la s k a a n d H a w a ii.

A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m
is the n e e d to d e s c r i b e th e l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a
v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s , th r o u g h th e a n a ly s is o f (1) th e l e v e l
a nd d is t r ib u t io n o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t io n , a nd (2) th e m o v e m e n t
o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t io n a l c a t e g o r y a nd s k i l l l e v e l .
The p r o g r a m
d e v e lo p s in fo r m a t io n th at m a y b e u s e d f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s , i n ­
c lu d in g w a g e a nd s a l a r y a d m in is t r a t io n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a in in g ,
an d a s s i s t a n c e in d e t e r m in in g p la n t lo c a t io n .
S u rv ey re s u lts a ls o
a r e u s e d b y th e U .S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r to m a k e w a g e d e t e r ­
m in a t io n s u n d e r the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t o f 1 965.

C u r r e n t ly , 84 a r e a s a r e in c lu d e d in th e p r o g r a m .
(S e e
l i s t o f a r e a s on in s id e b a c k c o v e r . )
In e a c h a r e a , o c c u p a t io n a l




e a r n in g s d a ta a r e c o l l e c t e d a n n u a lly .
I n fo r m a t io n o n e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e f it s is o b ta in e d e v e r y
t h ir d y e a r .
E a c h y e a r a f t e r a l l in d iv id u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s h a v e
b e e n c o m p le t e d , tw o s u m m a r y b u lle t in s a r e i s s u e d .
The f ir s t
b r in g s t o g e t h e r d a ta f o r e a c h m e t r o p o l it a n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; the
s e c o n d p r e s e n t s n a t io n a l a nd r e g i o n a l e s t im a t e s , p r o j e c t e d f r o m
in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o l it a n a r e a d a ta .
T h e G r e e n s b o r o - W in s t o n - S a le n v - H i g h P o in t s u r v e y w a s
c o n d u c t e d b y th e B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in A t la n t a , G a ., u n d e r
th e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f J e r r y G. A d a m s , A s s i s t a n t R e g io n a l
C o m m i s s i o n e r f o r O p e r a t io n s .
T h e s u r v e y c o u ld n o t h av e b e e n
a c c o m p l i s h e d w ith o u t th e c o o p e r a t i o n o f th e m a n y f i r m s w h o s e
w a g e a n d s a l a r y d a ta p r o v id e d th e b a s i s f o r th e s t a t i s t i c a l i n f o r ­
m a t io n in th is b u lle t in .
T h e B u r e a u w is h e s to e x p r e s s s i n c e r e
a p p r e c i a t i o n f o r th e c o o p e r a t i o n r e c e i v e d .

Note:
A r e p o r t on o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s a n d s u p p le m e n t a r y
w age p r o v is io n s
in the G r e e n s b o r o — in s t o n - S a l e m - H ig h P o in t
W
a r e a is a v a ila b le f o r th e w o o d h o u s e h o ld f u r n it u r e ( e x c e p t u p h o l­
s t e r e d ) ( N o v e m b e r 1974) in d u s t r y .

Bulletin 1900-47

A rea W ag e Survey:

November 1976

G re e n s b o ro - W in s to n -S a le m -H ig h Point,
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, W. J. Usery, Jr., Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS, Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

North C arolina, M etropolitan A rea
August 1976

Contents

Page

I n t r o d u c t i o n ___________________________________________

2

Page
A p p e n d ix A .
A p p e n d ix B .

S c o p e and m e t h o d o f s u r v e y _________ 13
O c c u p a t io n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ___________ 17

T a b le s :
A.

E a r n in g s :
A - l . W e e k ly e a r n in g s o f o f f i c e w o r k e r s . . .
A - 2 . W e e k ly e a r n in g s o f p r o f e s s i o n a l
and t e c h n ic a l w o r k e r s _______________
A - 3 . A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f o f f i c e ,
p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n ic a l
w o r k e r s , b y s e x _____________________
A - 4 . H o u r ly e a r n in g s o f m a in t e n a n c e ,
t o o l r o o m , an d p o w e r p la n t
w o r k e r s _________________________________
A - 5 . H o u r ly e a r n in g s o f m a t e r i a l
m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d ia l
w o r k e r s _________________________________
A - 6 . A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f
m a in t e n a n c e , t o o l r o o m , p o w e r p la n t, m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t , and
c u s t o d ia l w o r k e r s , b y s e x ___________
A - l . P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s in a v e r a g e
h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d
o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , a d ju s te d
f o r e m p lo y m e n t s h i f t s ________________




3
5

7

8

9

10

11

1

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U .S. Government Printing
O ffice, Washington, D. C. 20402, GPO Bookstores, or BLS Regional
Offices listed on back cover. Price 65 cents.
Make checks payable to
Superintendent of Documents.




Introduction
( c ) m a in t e n a n c e , t o o l r o o m , and p o w e r p la n t , and (d)
m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d ia l.
In th e 31 l a r g e s t
s u r v e y a r e a s , t a b le s A - l a th r o u g h A - 6 a p r o v id e
s i m i l a r da ta f o r e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k ­
ers or m ore.

T h is a r e a is 1 o f 84 in w h ic h th e U .S.
D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r 's B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s
c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s and r e ­
la t e d b e n e f it s .
In th is a r e a , da ta w e r e o b ta in e d b y
a c o m b in a t io n o f p e r s o n a l v i s i t , m a il q u e s t io n n a ir e ,
a n d te le p h o n e in t e r v ie w .
R e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u s t r y d iv is io n s w e r e c o n ­
ta cted :
M a n u fa c t u r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a ­
tio n ,
and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o l e s a le t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ;
and s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r in d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m
th ese
s tu d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t io n s and the
c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e in d u s t r ie s .
E s t a b lis h ­
m e n ts h a v in g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f
w o r k e r s a r e o m it t e d b e c a u s e o f in s u f fic ie n t e m p l o y ­
m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d .
S e p a r a t e ta b u la ­
t io n s a r e p r o v id e d f o r e a c h o f the b r o a d in d u s t r y
d iv i s i o n s w h ic h m e e t p u b lic a t io n c r i t e r i a .

T a b le A - 7 p r o v id e s p e r c e n t c h a n g e s in a v ­
e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s ,
w o r k e r s , in d u s t r ia l
e l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g
n u rses,
s k ille d m a in t e n a n c e t r a d e s w o r k e r s , and
u n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s .
W h e r e p o s s i b l e , d a ta a r e
p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll i n d u s t r ie s , m a n u fa c tu r in g , and
n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g .
T h is ta b le p r o v i d e s a m e a s u r e o f
w a g e tr e n d s a f t e r e lim in a t io n o f c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
e a r n in g s c a u s e d b y e m p lo y m e n t s h ift s a m o n g e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s a s w e ll a s t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s in ­
c lu d e d in s u r v e y s a m p le s .
F o r f u r t h e r d e t a ils , s e e
a p p e n d ix A .
A p p e n d ix e s

A - s e r i e s t a b le s
A p p e n d ix A d e s c r i b e s the m e t h o d s a n d c o n ­
c e p t s u s e d in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m and
p r o v i d e s in fo r m a t io n on th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .

T a b le s A - 1 th r o u g h A - 6 p r o v id e e s t im a t e s
o f s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly o r h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r w o r k ­
e r s in o c c u p a t io n s c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f m a n u ­
f a c t u r in g and n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g in d u s t r ie s .
O ccu pa­
tio n s w e r e s e l e c t e d f r o m the fo llo w in g c a t e g o r i e s :
(a ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l , (b ) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n ic a l,

A p p e n d ix B p r o v i d e s jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d
b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s b y
o c c u p a t io n .

2

A.

Earnings

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Greensboro—Winston-Salem—High Point, N.C., August 1976
N u m b er of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e w e e k ly ea rn in g s o f—
O ccu p a tion and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

-------- $
S
100
no
90

A vera ge
w eek ly
h ours1
(standard)

M ean

*

M edian

*

M id d le ran ge*

s

S

s

$

S

s

s

s

S

i —
S
S
i —
s
T
s
T ------- 1 -----210
220
230
340
240
260
280
300
320

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

41

12

10

5

37

12

and

100

no

120

230

240

260

280

3 99

32fl

340

360

ALL WORKERS
$

$

$

$

156
89
67

1 -0 .0 0
1 0 0 . “'0

1

9

11 j v

j

3 9 .5

1 9 2 .0 0

1 7 5 .0 0

1 6 7 .0 0 - 2 0 7 .0 0

-

-

3

-

23

37

39
28

64
33
21

31

38
63

46
22
24

49
24
25

54
29
25

49
26

30

15

JO

j l .v*'11 A n

123

9

46

SECRETARIES. CLASS A -------------------------

-

-

b U

1 7 7 *00
1 6 1 .0 0

1 4 0 . 0 0 - 1 9 5 . on
1 3 5 .0 0 - 1 7 4 .0 0

12
32

50

1 3 2 .0 0 - 1 5 5 .5 0

61

75

333

277

370

3 8 .5

1 4 5 .0 0
1 09 *00

it-

3 8 .5

1 9 3 .0 0

293
217
'1 M L

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

1 5 9 .0 0
1 6 3 .5 0

1 7 5 .5 0

130 00

l^r * (
"

1 T r l J1

2 0 4 .0 0

1 8 4 .0 0 - 2 0 4 .0 0
46

1 5 2 .5 0

1 3 5 .0 0

1 2 4 .5 0 - 1 8 6 .0 0

1

1 3 •C •
i 3 J * 0 1-

1 1 7 .5 0 - 1 6 1 .0 0

296
67
229

vL f j j u
l

156*0o
1 3 8 .0 0

16 1 ft f

1 2 0 .0 0 1 5 8 .0 0
1 3 7 .0 0 1 6 7 .5 0
1 1 8 .5 0 - 1 5 8 .0 0

3 8 .0

3*

187
166
170
136

. t

.y _

13
14
14

42
11

36

32

18

3

3 9 .0
.r*

}_

•’®

,

31

12
1

16

33

37
34

11

11

17

1

11
5

9

38

i
i

12

27
27

1 2 3 .0 0

3 8 .5

1 1 3 .5 0

3B .0

62
37
12
25
23

53
51

39

1 0 8 .0 0 1 0 6 .0 0 10" s o
1 0 4 .0 0

1 3 2 .5 0
112.00

1 0 7 .0 0

1 0 0 . 5 0 - 1 1 6 . "'O
10 0 . 0 0 - 1 1 6 . 0 0
1 0 7 .0 0 -1 2 7 .0 0
11 J . 5 0 - 1 5 0 . 6 0
1 0 3 .5 0 - 1 1 2 . 5r

11

16
16

56
56

12

96
70

37
30

24
18

35
10

51
44
44

24
23
1

3

12
1

1

12
12

1

1

i

3

i

3
3

25

1
1

7

1
1

1

2

i

at end o f ta b le s .

1

3

9

11

12

39

13

10
10

19

29
29

19
19

33

11
46

1 3 6 .5 0
1 2 9 .5 0

i

62

59

36

1 1 1 .5 0 - 1 5 0 .0 0

3 8 .6

5

jj

26
1
1

1

1

19
18

,0il ^ n

r




27
17

27
24

35

31

45

27
13

1 0.0

S ee fo o tn o te s

51

17

58

173
1 T r i i 1jj

-

1 2 0 .5 0 - 1 5 0 .0 0

227

v/L A j j A

5

i

1

35

1 3 2 .5 0 - 1 8 7 .0 0

1 5 0 .0 0
1 1 3 .6 0

<♦0.0

1 Tr 1 j 1

6

,„

43
42
1

15
14
12

*

97

1KAIMbvH 1 ” i

10

.:

1 6 1 .0 C -1 9 2 .0 0
IrUNnAINUP A l 1U K lliu

13

33

i

2

-

5

1
1

1
1

T ab le A-1. W e e kly earnings of o ffice w orkers in G reensboro—W in s to n -S a le m —High P oint, N .C ., A ugust 1 9 7 6 — Continued
W eek ly earnings 1
(standard)______
A vera ge
w eek ly
Ho u r 1
(standard)

O ccu p a tion and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e w e e k ly ea rn in g s o f—

$

£

$

$

$

$

$

$

s

I s

$

$

$

$

$

$

110

120

130

1^0

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

260

280

300

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210220

230

240

260

280

300

320

11

6

s

320

r

3*0

M id d le ra n g e2

und er
100

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

85
38
47

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 3 5 .5 0
1 5 3 .5 0
121 .00

1 2 7 .0 0
1 4 4 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0

1 0 3 .5 0 1 2 7 .5 0 1 0 0 .0 0 -

1 6 2 .0 0
1 8 0 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

288
158
130

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 2 7 .0 0
1 2 4 .5 0
1 3 0 .5 0

1 2 4 .0 0
1 2 2 .5 0
1 2 4 .0 0

1 1 8 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 1 8 .0 0 -

1 3 2 .0 0 15
1 3 2 .0 0 15
1 3 0 .0 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS* CLASS A — — -----MANUFACTURING ----------------------------- -------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

318
246
72

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 7 5 .5 0
1 7 7 .0 0
1 7 0 .0 0

1 7 0 .0 0 1 4 2 . 0 0 1 6 6 .5 0 1 4 1 . 0 0 1 7 5 . OP 1 4 2 . 5 0 -

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS 8 ---------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

751
389
362

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

1 3 9 .5 0
1 3 8 .0 0
1 4 1 .0 0

1 3 2 .5 0
1 3 3 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0

1 2 1 .5 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 2 .0 0 -

4 0 .0

1 7 2 .0 0

1 8 1 .0 0

1 7 5 .0 0 - 1 8 4 .0 0

2

9

1 4 8 .5 0 38
1 4 8 .5 0 36
1 4 5 .0 0 2

27
21

6

4

85
47
38

67
34
33

15
14
1

12

11

1

3
9

2
9

1

5
5

2 0 8 .0 0
2 0 9 .5 0
1 8 5 .0 0

2
74
37
37

19

9
5

38
36
2

77
49
28

21

87
66
21

149
71
78

43
10
33

51
31
20

229
82
147

17
9
30
8

25
14

18
18

22

40
40

32
13
19

32
29

16
16

11

20

8

1

3

-

2

19
19

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
CLASS B ------------------------------------------------------

50

1 3 7 .0 0

1 4 4 .0 0

1 2 8 .0 0 -

271
213
58

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 5 7 .0 0
1 5 3 .0 0

1 5 0 .5 0
1 4 9 .5 0

1 3 1 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 -

1 8 3 .0 0
1 7 8 .5 0

1 7 2 .0 0

1 7 5 .0 0

1 3 5 .0 0 -

1 9 2 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S ---------------------------

191
73
118
45

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0

1 7 1 .5 0
1 5 9 .5 0
1 7 8 .5 0
1 9 1 .5 0

1 6 6 .0 0
1 5 2 .0 0
1 9 5 .0 0
2 0 8 .5 0

1 4 1 .5 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 2 .0 0 1 7 0 .5 0 -

2 0 6 .0 0
1 6 8 .0 0
2 1 0 .0 0
2 1 4 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S ---------------------------

560
337
223
42

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 3 3 .5 0
1 3 2 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0
1 6 4 .0 0

1 2 7 .5 0
1 2 7 .0 0
1 2 9 .5 0
1 5 6 .0 0

1 1 6 .5 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 1 9 .5 0 1 3 5 .0 0 -

1 4 1 .5 0
1 3 8 .0 0
1 4 2 .0 0
1 9 2 .5 0

28

1 4 8 .0 0

PAYROLL CLERKS -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

10

22

19
19

17

24

12
11
17

1

33

1

20
13

174
130
44

85
30
55
9

4

30

15
13
2

26

18
18

22

4

19
3

2
2

16
16

12
3
9
9

2

32

28
3
25
18

26
23
3

15

20

40
28

28

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




s

$

100

19

90

113
72
41
9

22
2

35
31

50
20
30
9
62
23
39

20

10
10
6

8

18

2

1
1
1

11
4
3

6
26
4

17
13
4
4

10
5
5
5
2

3

1

10
8

340

36ft

Tab le A -2 . W e e kly earnings of professional and technical w orkers in G reensboro—W in s to n -S a le m -

High Point, N.C., August 1976
W eek ly earnings
(standard)
Number
of
workers

O ccu p a tion and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

1

N um be r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly ea rn in gs o f---i

4

A vera ge
w eek ly
h ours1
(standard)

120
M ean

i

M edian

*

M id d le ranged

*

$

$

4

$

4

5

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

$

s

s

i

130

140

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

+00

420

440

460

480

500

140

160

ieo

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

440

460

480

500

520

and
under
130

A L WR E S
L
OKR
C M U E SY M A A
O P T R STE S N LYSTS

$

$
3 6 0 .0 0

$

$
14

52

3 9 .5

61

39T 0

8

10

1

1

3 8 7 .0 0

1

1J

3 0 0 .0 0

C M U E SY M A A STS
O P T R STE S N LY
M N F C U IN
A UA T R G

c j

--------------------------------------

3 4 0 .5 0

32 8 .0 0

'

.3 0

3 1 6 .5 0 -3 6 8 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

1

2

11

C M U E P O R M E S (BUSINESS).
O P T R R G A MR
C
LASS A ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

46

3 9 .0

3 2 0 .0 0

3 1 9 .5 0

10
8

<- j j . 0 0

2 9 0 .0 0 -3 5 5 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

1

11

3

9

8

3

7

2

2

2

-

-

-

6

n

1

3 3 7 .0 0

7

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*
*

6

C M U E P O R M E S (BUSINESS).
O P T R R G A MR
1 9 1 .0 0 -2 8 3 .0 0

13

13

22

13

8

135

26

16

25

''3 6 * 0 0
63

C M U E P O R M E S (BUSINESS).
O P T R R G A MR
LLA j j

v*

1 8 2 .0 0
1 j U . u o —f c c l . 3 0

1

15
15

2 2 1 .0 3

1

1
J
L
1 5 9 .0 0
92

3 9 .5

17 9.50
15 5 .0 0

UKAr I L K b i

A jg

A

m 1m

T "*

1 3 3 .5 0 -1 5 5 .5 0
1 J v » 0 O " l j j .O O

2 9 2 .0 0

2 6 1 .0 0 2 6 1 .5 0 -

1

*

2 9 3 .5 0

2 9 2 .0 0

2

2 9 3 .5 0

4 0 .5

2 3 5 .0 0

2 4 5 .0 0

2 1 5 .0 0 -

2 3 8 .5 0

2 5 3 .5 0

2 2 9 .5 0 -

2 5 9 .0 0

15 0 .0 0

1 3 0 .0 0 -

1

2 5 9 .0 0

4 0 .0

2 0 3 .0 0

1

13 2 .0 0

LLLv, 1HUN 1 Lj 1u v n !il v l AN5

24

123

3

1

NONMANUFACTURING:
2 6 6 .0 0

4 0 .0
ELECTRON ICS

TE C H N IC IA N S.

CLASS

A -

118

3 9 .5

100
E L E C T R O N IC STE C H N IC IAN S.

CLASS

B -

295

3 0 2 .0 0

2 0 9 .0 0 -

3 1 5 .0 0

3 0 3 .0 0 -

3 1 5 .0 0

3 1 5 .0 0 -

3 1 5 .0 0

3 0 4 .0 0
3 9 .5

2 5 5 .5 0

2 6 6 .0 0

2 2 6 .0 0 -

2 8 7 .0 0

2 8 8 .0 0

M AN U FACTU RIN G

21

2 6 6 .0 0

2 2 4 .0 0 -

-

-

3

-

9

9

2 8 8 .0 0

18

17

6
6
28

3

10
1

7

21

113

67

3

8

NON MANUFACTURING:

c.51 « j U

S ee fo o tn o te s

21

2 6 6 .0 0

at en d o f t a b l e s .




5

82

6

73
7

6

1
1

-

T ab le A -2 . W e e kly earnings of professional and technical w orkers in G reensboro—W in s to n -S a le m -

High Point, N.C., August 1976— Continued
We ek ly earnings
(standard)

O ccu p a tion and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
worker*

Ave rage
we ek ly
hours 1
(standard)

1

N um ber

$

*

120
Me an *

Me di an *

Middle range*

$

s

S

$

of w ork ers
4

4

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS, CLASS C!
NONMANUFACTURING:

$
1U
2 3 3 .0 0

of




4

4

w eek ly

earn in g s

4

4

4

of—

4

$

4

4

S

i

~

1A0

160

160

200

220

2A0

260

280

300

320

3A q

36j

380

Aoo

A20

AA0

A6o

A80

5oo

1A0

160

ieo

200

220

2 aq

260

280

300

320

3AQ

360

380

AOO

A20

AA0

A6P

A80

500

520

and

ELECTRONICS TECHNIC IANS“ CONTINUED

at e n d

straigh t-tim e

130

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED

fo o tn o te s

4

under

130

See

receiv in g
4

$

__

$ _

1 9 1 .5 0 * 2 4 4 .0 0

g

t a b le s .

6

^8

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex.
in Greensboro—Winston-Salem—High Point, N.C., August 1976
A verage
(m e a n 2 )

A v era g e
(m e a n 2 )

Sex,

3

o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv is io n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

Number
of
w oikeis

W eek ly
heurs *
(standard)

W eek ly
earnings *
(standard)

M
EN

S ex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
WOMEN— CONTINUED

Number
of
w o ik e s

W eek ly
hours 1
(standard)

3 9 .0

S ex, 3 o c cu p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

W eekly
hours 1
standard)

W ,« ly
earnings 1
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED
$

3 9 . 5 2 1 3 .0 0
3 9 . 5 2 1 4 .0 0

29

W eek ly
earnings1
(standard)

-

1 3 0 .5 0
66
64

A verage
(m e a n * )
Number
of
worker*

33
31

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BU SIN E SS),

$
2 6 0 .5 0

3 9 .0 1 2 7 .0 0
38 • 0 1 0 8 .0 0

1 6 9 .0 0
fcOMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BU SIN E SS),

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

W EN
OM

4 0 .0
1 ,5 4 6
816
730

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

99

30
3 9 .0

1 8 8 .0 0

249
159

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 7 3 .5 0
1 8 4 .5 0

3 9 .0

180 *50

1 2 1 .0 0

3 9 .5

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS1 7 4 .0 0
1 6 6 .5 0

66

1 2 7 .0 0
I 3 0*5 0

U O

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS Bs

138 *00

, _ _

333
277

39 • 0

_ _

89
lllA llT ,,r

3 9 .0
3 8 .0
3 9 .5

1 5 0 .5 0
1 5 0 .0 0
1 8 9 .0 0
«n ,

261

A

" " " " " " " "

/ A

y.

, _

„

185* 50

r-, i T

->0
.

-w n

39 * 0
« r-. -

. ■ - 7y»

, , ,

„ ,

118
45

115
97

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

293

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

1 3 0 .0 0
1 3 7 .5 0
1 2 3 .0 0
1 5 2 .5 0
1 7 8 .5 0
1 4 4 .0 0

171

3 6 .0

1 8 5 .5 0
1 9 3 .0 0

3 8 .5
3 9 .0

1 7 8 .5 0
1 9 1 .5 0
1 3 3 * La0

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS, CLASS 8 MANUFACTURING ------------------------- -------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g :

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MtN
p r o f e s s io n a l

and

OCCUPATIONS -

t e c h n ic a l

W EN
OM

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
•Y ' A o l j y

wL A*j j

L
i

PUBLIC U TILITIE S

-------------------------------------

265
66
219
133

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

3 9 .5

1 3 9 .5 0
1 5 5 .5 0
1 3 4 .5 0
1 4 3 .0 0

357*50

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS)*

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
FILE CLERKS* CLASS A
r ILL

LLu'1J 1
'''

L Ab b
L

tJ "

34
« oy

3 9 . u 1 3 6 .5 0

X54
52

r-

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

3 4 1 .0 0
2 6 3 .5 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BU SINESS),
170

S ee fo o tn o te s

3 9 .0

3 1 8 .5 0

1 1 3 .0 0
1 1 3 .5 0

3 9 .0

at end o f t a b le s .




7

r-

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS, CLASS A -

39*0

3 8 .0

,_ ^

3 9 .0

171

NONMANUFACTURING-------------------------------------------

LLAj j

..y-s.

CLASS 0
370
135
235
62

U K A' 1t K j i

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS b :

73

3 0 2 .0 0

2 5 4 .5 0
3 8 .5 2 6 7 .5 0
/ „

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in Greensboro—W inston-Salem High Point, N.C., August 1976
N u m ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e h ou r ly ea rn in g s o f—

Hourly earnings

3 ------- t
S
2 . 8 0 3 .0 0 3 . 2 0

of

O ccu p ation and in du stry d iv is io n

workers

Mean 2 Median2

Middle range 2

s

3 ------- 3 ------- 3 ------- 3 ------- 3 ------- 3 ------- 3 ------- 3 ------- 3 ------- 3 ------- 3 ------- 5

3

I

3 ------- 3 — ~
T
7 . 2 0 7 .6 0 8 .0 0

3 .4 0

s
3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 . 20 6 . 4 0

6 .8 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6.

6 .8 0

7 .2 0

7 .6 0

8 .0 0

8 .4 0

13
13

8
2

8
8

9
9

*

2

2
1

*

6
6

-

1
1

“

3

23
23

4
4

-

-

_

98
98

9
9

6
6

16
15

*

-

5

97
97

1

14

5

$

and
u n d er
3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 Q

*

6
6

6
6

2

-

-

_
“

9
9

9
8

3
2

7
6

5
4

-

1

1

1

15

2

•

.

ALL WORKERS
.MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS ------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------ — ------ --------

93
79

$
5 .0 7
5 .1 3

$
4 .5 6
4 .5 6

$
$
3 .8 5 - 6 .9 9
3 .8 5 - 6 .9 9

MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIANS --------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------ ---------- --------

296
286

6 .2 3
6 .2 4

5 .8 4
5 .8 4

5 .2 1 - 7 .2 5
5 . 2 1 - 7 .2 5

*

•
*

MAINTENANCE PA I N T E R S ---------------------- ------

57

5 .3 5

5 .5 0

4 .2 5 -

6 .9 9

.

6

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY) MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

547
534

6 .3 1
6 .3 2

6 .9 9
6 .9 9

5 .3 2 5 .3 2 -

6 .9 9
6 .9 9

*

*

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR VEHICLES) ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------ ------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------— — —
PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------------------

863
83
780
776

5 .4 4
4 .3 1
5 .5 6
5 .5 6

4 .8 5
4 .3 9
5 .0 5
5 .0 5

4 .3 0 3 .7 5 4 .3 0 4 .3 C -

7 .8 6
4 .6 2
7 .8 6
7 .8 6

-

-

MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPERS ---------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------- ----------

46
46

4 .7 5
4 .7 5

4 .7 4
4 .7 4

4 .3 2 - 5 .6 3
4 .3 2 - 5 .6 3

6
6

.
*

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS

79
79

7 .0 9

7 .2 5

7 .2 5 -

(TOOLROOM)

-

1

•

10

1
1

38

2
2

2
2

8
8

13
13

24
24

7
7

1
1

40
40

27
27

14
14

13
-

100
1
99
99

42
6
36
36

9
9
9

46
i
45
45

68
31
37
36

66
3
63
63

76
20
56
56

18
18
18

72
72
69

50

-

30
30
30

3

2
2

-

-

-

*

*

3
3

3
3

9
9

4
4

2
2

2
2

2
2

11
11

3

-

“

_
-

-

_

3
3
15
15

38

-

-

12

7 .8 8

-

“

32
32

47
47

1
1

1
2
2

-

5
5

254
254

92
92

-

4
4

1
1
1

5
5
5

17
17
17

12

16
2
14
14

217
217
217

•
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

35

3

-

29

12
12

106
STATIONARY ENGINEERS ----------------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------- --------

126
116

6 .4 9
6 .4 9

6 .9 9
6 .9 9

5 .3 4 - 7 .3 5
5 . 2 8 - 7 .2 5

*

BOILER TENDERS -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

125
125

4 .0 5
4 .0 5

3 .6 4
3 .6 4

3 .0 5 - 5 .1 6
3 .0 5 - 5 .1 6

*

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




.

3
3

*
34
34

10
10

10
10

22
22

13
13

5
5

.

*

9
9

1
1

-

_

-

“

3
3

2
2

_

4
4

*
-

*

12
12

2

5
5

18
18

1

1

*

“

-

5
5

1

-

1

-

1

4
4

-

-

1

38
38

13
13

33
29
_

.

-

-

-

T ab le A -5 .

Hourly earnings of m a te ria l m ovem ent and custodial w o rkers in G reensboro—W in s to n -S a le m -

High Point, N.C., August 1976
Hourly ea mings 4
N
O ccu p a tion and

in du stry d ivision

N um ber
$

L

of
workers

2.20
Mean 2

M e di a n2

Middle range 2

of w ork ers

$
2 .4 p

S
2.60

$

$

4

4

4

2.80

3.0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

2 .6 0

2.80

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

56
-

308
294

105

56

14

4
3 .8 0

receiv in g

straigh t-tim e

h o u rly earn in g s

of—

4

4

S

4

D

4

i

$

4

T
)

J
>

4

*

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

9 .8 0

5 .^ 0

b« b j

6.0'v/

6 .4 0

6. 8 o

7 .2 0

7.60

6. C ! 0

6 .4 o

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 # t t0

3.^ 0

b . o0

6. 0

6 ,4 0

6,

7.2 0

7 .6 0

6.00

6.4 0

b .e o

53

94

and

2 .4 0

o
o

under
1
.-

H0

ALL WORKERS

TRUCKDRIVERS ---------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------

2 ,2 4 9
819
1 .4 3 0

$
4 .7 2
3 .8 7

$
4 .8 0
3 .2 6

$

$

3 .4 0 2 .9 4 -

5 .7 0
4 .2 5

-

10

-

-

5 .7 0

-

10

106

80

68
12

54

39

73

35

9
-

78

30
24

60

4

9

18

73
-

6

961
328
633

4 .8 0

1

47

85

965

4 .8 0 -

3b

4 .7 6
4 .2 2
5 .0 4

4 .8 0
3 .3 3
5 .0 0

4 .1 0 3 .1 5 4 .8 0 -

5 .7 0
6 .3 7
5 .7 0

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

-

-

-

-

•

105
104

1

60
58

2

40
16

6
6

24

-

9

24

6
9

lb

42
42
-

313

92
-

183

90

313

42

163

90
-

36

-

36

-

4 .8 0

2 .9 4 -

5 .7 0

-

-

-

288

-

8

7

25

“

14

27

14

99

255

5 .6 8

5 .7 0

4 .8 0 -

5 .7 1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

“

-

11

85

252
a-5..

-

17

•

1

1

*

3

*

*

“

31

5 .2 4

3 .6 6 -

5 .6 3

.

5 .5 0

5 .2 4 -

6 .1 1

“

-

-

260

3 .9 3

4 .6 7

25

3 .7 0

3 .6 0
3 .7 5

2 .8 5 -

112

3 .3 2 -

4 .2 5

15

36
-

-

148

4 .0 9

3 .5 0

2 .4 0 -

5 .6 5

10

36

1

4 .1 8

3 * 0 0 -

5» lb

.

15

.

62

4 .2 0
4 .2 7

4 .1 8

3 .5 0 -

5 .1 6

-

15

565

4 .3 8

4 .8 7

3 .5 0 -

5 .2 5

-

45

281

3 .4 3

3 .0 5 -

3 .6 5

-

45

284

5 .3 1

3 .5 0
5 .2 5

5 ,2 5 -

5 .3 6

-

557
224

3 .2 8

2 .9 5

2 .5 0 -

3 .8 4

.

3 .6 8

3 .3 0

3 .0 0 -

3 .8 4

*

•

RECEIVING CLERKS ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

WAREHOUSEMEN --------------------------------- -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------- ------------ —
NONMANUFACTURING — ------------------------------------order

f il l e r s

-------------------------------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING

----------------------------------------------------

SHIPPING PACKERS ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------- — -------------------

66

399

3 .4 8
3 .4 4

3 .0 7 -

4 .1 7

325

3 .7 3
3 .6 5

3 .1 7 -

3 .7 0

MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS ---------------n o n m a n u f a c tu r in g ------------------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S ---------------------------

3 ,1 7 3

4 .6 8

4 .9 5

4 .0 5 -

5 .3 0

FORKLIFT OPERATORS --------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

827

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------- ---------------------GUARDSt
MANUFACTURING------------------------------------WATCHMEN?
MANUFACTURING----------------------------------—
JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS -----m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------

---------n o n m a n u f a c tu r in g ---— ---------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ------ -------

S e e fo o t n o t e s

_

5 .0 2
5 .7 2

1 ,2 5 5

1,022
745

5 .2 0

4 .9 9

4 .5 0 -

5 .4 0

5 .2 0

4 .9 9

4 .5 0 -

5 .4 0

*

5 .0 3
4 .9 9

5 .6 3

3 .6 5 -

5 .6 3

5 .6 3

3 .3 7 -

5 .6 3

100

4 .3 3

4 .3 5

3 .4 0 -

5 .4 4

*

363

3 .1 8

2 .8 0 -

3 .4 5

577

69

2 .7 4

2.45

2 .3 1 -

2 .6 5

4 .4 2

4 .5 0

3 .5 3 -

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

2
2

6
6

.

46

9

87

37

36

-

46

6

85

37

24

-

-

-

-

3

-

12

225

15

53

30

7

15

51
37

37

30

5

-

66

9
9

45
45

57
57

38

80
80

26
26

10
10

36

52
25

135
51

*

“

12
12

18

9

78

48

5

32

16

78

48

5

32

1
28

86
2

52

37

200

94
16

60
60

6

3 .3 8

3

1
1

4 .3 5

950

-

.

*

2 .7 5 -

3 .3 5

10

4

•

3 .2 0

3 .5 1

-

.

*

3 .5 9

2 .7 0 -

10

.

463

2 .5 0 -

23

3

3 .2 0

3.03

-

5

497

6
218

6
212

151
9

2

-

14

-

-

-

-

13
-

31

-

-

1

11

211

18

5

12

*

*

-

*

9
9

12
12

2

2

*

*

63
61

184

444

184

63

51

60

184

63

21
21

16

1

8

*

“

3

*

19

4

16

3

*

33

46

35

190
161

228

78

222

45

6

*

8

*

*

37

35

36

35

33

11
11
9

1

-

23

4

21

19

9

-

16

4

11

29

-

6
1

8

215

51

3

.

-

9

10

3

17

50

21

9
-

.

?

-

28

52

213

2
2

8
b

1

27

4 .6 0

-

_
*

-

54

98

-

13

12

2
2

81

163

-

-

*

12

1
2
15

-

-

8

10

1

6

1

7

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

-

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

13

31

-

-

32

.

-

12

8

-

31

-

_

_

-

~

_

-

7

22
21

-

-

18

9

36

379

862
234

14

9

36

24
24

-

134

-

296

196

9

-

-

-

-

134

-

-

99

333
306

-

-

-

12
578

6
6

12
10

2
2

67

12
-

-

134

_

84

10

4

2

91

7

-

-

-

39

7

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

*

*

*

*

95

*

*

*

_
“

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
10

-

-

*

57

“

*

*

28

82

36

7

2

5

-

16

14

80

35

4

-

-

-

5

14

2

2

14

13

2

*

-

-

16

9

5
-

*

•

39

15
15

*

.

-

.

6

2
2

.

1
1

8
2

26

-

-

9

15

51

-

-

9

51

27

-

160

15

52

101

4

160

-

55

51

1

-

-

*

35

184

-

-

-

6
6

no

81

•

-

4
-

-

-

“

2
15

6
6

.

-

_

15

-

-

-

•

1

-

-

-

75

-

-

45

6

.
-

-

164

195

9

12
12

164
-

-

-

195
“

-

136

264

45
-

1^

3

6

at end o f ta b le s .




2
2

26

11

14

*

2 .3 0 -

2 .9 5

-

17

21
21

16

15

4

2 .4 5

3 .1 4

25

-

*

2 .9 5

3 .3 9

.

-

“

1 ,1 1 7

1 ,5 2 7

-

10

3

1

-

-

180

36
-

4 .8 9

27

1
-

1

45

297

707

48

90
90
-

233

5 .2 1

1 .1 3 2

SHIPPING CLERKS --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------------------

378
378

3*72

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS ---------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

1
92

453

TRUCKDRIVERS* HEAVY TRUCK
(TRAILER) ---------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

93

3
565

• uu

TRUCKDRIVERS* MEDIUM TRUCK ----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

568

9

1

3
3

2
2

5
5

84




T ab le A -6 .

A verage hourly earnings of m a in ten an ce, toolro o m ,

p o w e rp la n t, m a te ria l m o v em e n t, and custodial w o rke rs ,
by sex, in Greensboro—W in s to n -S a le m -

High Point, N.C., August 1976
S ex,

3

o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

A vera ge
(m e a n 2 )
hourly
earnings4

Sex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv is io n

MAINTENANCE, TOOLROOM, AND
POWERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - MEN

Number
of
workers

A verage
(m e a n * )
hourly
earnings 4

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED
$

$

296
266

JJ
r- ,

!? •

j"

"> • 0 7

6 .3 1
j.3 t
MANUFACTURING

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS

----------------------------------------------------

143

3 67
4 .0 2
1 7a

PU8LIC U TILITIE S

-------------------------------------

700
776

3 67
8 .5 6
/

-.r-

1 ,6 8 4
1 ,2 3 8

1,022
76
76

7 .1 7
7 .1 7

-------------------------------------------

166
166

7 .0 5

----------------------------------------

126

6 .4 9

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS (TOOLROOM) TOOL AND DIE MAKERS

STATIONARY ENGINEERS

MANUFACTURING

----------------------------------------------------

89

4 .4 2

J60
JANITORS, PORTERS,

AND CLEANERS

--------

1* 1 ^ 8

3 .1 3

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL

TRUCKORIVERS

----------------------------------------------------------------

2*249

< ,.72

1 * 067

328
633

4 .2 2
5 .0 4

1 ,1 3 2
707

5 .6 6

3 .0 1
3 .0 6

3 «48
-a

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS

S ee fo o t n o t e s

at end o f ta b le s .

10

--------

379

3 .1 8

Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts,
in Greensboro—Winston-Salem—High Point, N.C.,
for selected periods
Industry and o c c u p a tio n a l group
(m en and w om en c o m b in e d )

A u gust 1974
to
A u gust 1975

A u gust 1975
to
A u gust 1976

A ll in d u s t r ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l _____________________
_____________
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g
___
____
____
In d u s tria l n u r s e s ____ _______________________ _ _ __
S k ille d m ain ten an ce t r a d e s * ....... ............
............
U n sk illed plant w o r k e r s * ___________________ _______

7.3
4.6
10.0
8.2
10.5

7.8
5.5
7.9
9.5
9.1

M an u factu rin g:
O ffic e c l e r i c a l . . _ ______ ___________
_ _ ________
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s i n g __________ __ ___________
In d u stria l n u r s e s ____________________________________
S k ille d m ain ten an ce tr a d e s * ____________________
U n sk illed plant w o r k e r s * _______________ .

8.1
7.1
10.0
8.8
9.9

7.5
7.4
7.8
10.5
7.0

6.4
2.4

8.3
3.2
**
**
12.0

N onm an u factu rin g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ________________________________________
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s i n g ___
___________________
In d u stria l n u r s e s ________ _________
. . ---- -S killed m ain ten an ce tr a d e s * ------------ --------------------U n sk illed plant w o r k e r s * _____________
__________

*
**

11.3

P e r c e n t in c r e a s e s fo r p e r io d s ending p r i o r to 1976 r e la te to m en o n ly.
Data do not m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r i a .

Footnotes
1 Standard h ou rs r e fle c t the w ork w e e k f o r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th eir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ), and the ea rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d
to these w eek ly h ou rs.
2 Th e m ean i s com p u ted fo r e a ch jo b b y to ta lin g the e a r n in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d ivid in g by the n u m b er o f w o r k e r s . T he m e d ia n d e s ig n a te s p o s itio n — h a lf o f the e m p lo y e e s s u rv e y e d r e c e iv e m o r e
and h alf r e c e iv e le s s than the ra te show n.
The m id d le ran ge i s d efin ed by 2 r a te s o f pay; a fo u rth o f the w o r k e r s e a rn l e s s than the lo w e r o f th ese r a te s and a fou rth e a r n m o r e than the h igh er rate.
3 E a rn in g s data r e la te on ly to w o r k e r s w h ose se x id e n tific a tio n w as p r o v id e d by the e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 E x clu d es p r em iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and late s h ifts .




11




Appendix A
A r e a w a g e and r e la t e d b e n e f it s d a ta a r e o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s
o f B u r e a u f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s at 3 - y e a r i n t e r v a l s . 1 In e a c h o f th e i n t e r ­
v e n in g y e a r s , in fo r m a t io n on e m p lo y m e n t and o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s i s c o l ­
l e c t e d b y a c o m b in a t io n o f p e r s o n a l v i s i t , m a i l q u e s t io n n a ir e , and te le p h o n e
in t e r v i e w f r o m e s t a b lis h m e n t s p a r t ic ip a t in g in th e p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .
In e a c h o f th e 84 1 a r e a s c u r r e n t l y s u r v e y e d , d a ta a r e o b ta in e d f r o m
2
r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M a n u fa c ­
t u r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a le
t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s .
M a jo r
in d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s e s tu d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t io n s and
th e c o n s t r u c t io n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s t r ie s .
E s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r th an
a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m it t e d b e c a u s e o f in s u f f ic ie n t e m p l o y ­
m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d .
S e p a r a t e ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d f o r e a c h
o f th e b r o a d in d u s t r y d iv is io n s w h ic h m e e t p u b lic a t io n c r i t e r i a .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p le b a s i s .
T h e s a m p lin g
p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d e t a ile d s t r a t if i c a t io n o f a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in th e
s c o p e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y in d u s t r y and n u m b e r o f e m p l o y e e s .
F r o m th is s t r a t ifi e d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ilit y s a m p le is s e l e c t e d , w ith e a c h
e s t a b lis h m e n t h a v in g a p r e d e t e r m in e d c h a n c e o f s e l e c t i o n . T o o b ta in o p t im u m
a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t io n o f l a r g e th an s m a ll e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s i s
s e le c t e d .
W hen d a ta a r e c o m b i n e d , e a c h e s t a b lis h m e n t i s
w e ig h te d a c c o r d i n g to it s p r o b a b ilit y o f s e l e c t i o n , s o th a t u n b ia s e d e s t im a t e s
a re g en era ted .
F o r e x a m p le , i f on e ou t o f f o u r e s t a b lis h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d ,
it i s g iv e n a w e ig h t o f f o u r to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f p lu s t h r e e o t h e r s .
A n a lte r n a te
o f th e s a m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b ilit y is c h o s e n in th e s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i ­
f ic a t io n i f d a ta a r e n ot a v a ila b le f r o m th e o r i g i n a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
If no
s u it a b le s u b s titu te i s a v a ila b le , a d d itio n a l w e ig h t is a s s ig n e d to a s a m p le
m e m b e r th at is s i m i l a r to th e m i s s i n g u n it.
O c c u p a tio n s an d e a r n in g s
O c c u p a t io n s s e le c t e d f o r stu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y o f m a n u f a c ­
tu r in g a nd n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g i n d u s t r ie s , and a r e o f the f o llo w in g t y p e s :
(1) O f f ic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l; (3) m a in t e n a n c e , t o o l r o o m ,
and p o w e r p la n t ; and (4) m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d ia l.
O c c u p a t io n a l
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d o n a u n ifo r m s e t o f j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s ig n e d to ta k e
a c c o u n t o f in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n in d u tie s w ith in th e s a m e j o b .
O ccu ­
p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e lis t e d and d e s c r i b e d in a p p e n d ix B .
U n le s s
o t h e r w is e in d ic a t e d , th e e a r n in g s da ta f o llo w in g th e jo b t i t l e s a r e f o r a ll
in d u s t r ie s c o m b i n e d .
E a r n in g s d a ta f o r s o m e o f th e o c c u p a t io n s lis t e d and
1 Personal visits were on a 2-year cy cle before July 1972.
2 Included in the 84 areas are 14 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are
Akron, Ohio; Austin, T e x .; Binghamton, N .Y . — a .; Birmingham, A la .; Fort Lauderdale—
P
Hollywood and West
Palm Beach—
Boca Raton, F la .; Lexington—
Fayette, K y .; Melbourne—
Titusville—
Cocoa, F la.; Norfolk—
Virginia
Beach-Portsmouth and Newport News-Hampton, V a .-N . C .; Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—
Newburgh, N .Y .; R aleighDurham, N. C . ; Stamford, Conn.; Syracuse, N .Y .; Utica—
Rome, N .Y .; and Westchester County, N .Y .
In
addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 100 areas at the request o f the
Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department o f Labor.




d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y , a r e
n o t p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e e it h e r (1) e m p lo y m e n t in th e
o c c u p a t io n i s t o o s m a ll to p r o v id e e n o u g h d a ta to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t io n , o r
(2 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t d a ta .
Sepa­
r a t e m e n 's and w o m e n 's e a r n in g s d a ta a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d w h e n th e n u m b e r o f
w o r k e r s n ot id e n t i fie d b y s e x i s 20 p e r c e n t o r m o r e o f th e m e n o r w o m e n
id e n t ifie d in an o c c u p a t io n .
E a r n in g s d a ta n o t s h o w n s e p a r a t e ly f o r in d u s t r y
d iv is io n s a r e in c lu d e d in d a ta f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s
c o m b in e d .
L ik e w is e ,
d a ta a r e in c lu d e d in th e o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n w h e n a . s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f
e l e c t r o n i c s t e c h n i c i a n s , s e c r e t a r i e s , o r t r u c k d r i v e r s is n o t sh o w n o r i n f o r ­
m a t io n to s u b c l a s s i f y i s n o t a v a ila b le .
O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s d a ta a r e sh ow n f o r f u l l - t i m e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h ir e d t o w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d u le .
E a r n in g s data
e x c lu d e p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
la te s h if t s . N o n p r o d u c t io n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a llo w a n c e s
a nd in c e n t iv e b o n u s e s a r e in c lu d e d .
W e e k ly h o u r s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l and
p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s r e f e r t o th e s ta n d a r d w o r k w e e k
(r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r ) f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e r e g u la r
s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r a n d / o r
p r e m iu m r a t e s ) .
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t io n s a r e r o u n d e d
t o th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o l l a r .
T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e th e l e v e l o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s in an a r e a
at a p a r t ic u la r t i m e .
C o m p a r is o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
t i m e m a y n ot r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s . T h e a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s
a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s and e m p lo y m e n t p a t t e r n s .
F o r e x a m p le ,
p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y h ig h - o r lo w - w a g e f i r m s m a y c h a n g e , o r
h ig h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d v a n c e to b e t t e r j o b s and b e r e p la c e d b y n e w
w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a te s .
S u ch s h ift s in e m p lo y m e n t c o u ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u ­
p a t io n a l a v e r a g e e v e n th ou g h m o s t e s t a b lis h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s
d u r in g th e y e a r .
C h a n g e s in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , s h o w n in t a b le
A - 7 , a r e b e t t e r in d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s than a r e e a r n in g s c h a n g e s f o r
in d iv id u a l j o b s w ith in th e g r o u p s .
A v e r a g e e a r n in g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w id e e s t im a t e s .
I n d u s t r ie s
and e s t a b lis h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l a nd jo b s ta ffin g , and th u s c o n t r ib u t e
d if f e r e n t l y to th e e s t im a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
P a y a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l a m o n g j o b s in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s should,
n o t b e a s s u m e d t o r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y o f th e s e x e s w ith in in d iv id u a l
e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
F a c t o r s w h ic h m a y c o n t r ib u t e t o d i f f e r e n c e s in c lu d e p r o ­
g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b lis h e d r a t e r a n g e s (o n ly th e r a t e s p a id in c u m b e n t s a r e
c o l l e c t e d ) and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c d u t ie s w ith in th e g e n e r a l s u r v e y jo b
d e s crip tio n s .
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d t o c l a s s i f y e m p lo y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s
u s u a lly a r e m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d th an t h o s e u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s
a nd a llo w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c d u tie s
p e r fo r m e d .

13

O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in a ll e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e stu d y and n o t th e n u m b e r a c t u a lly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e s a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s d i f f e r , e s t im a t e s o f
o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d f r o m th e s a m p le o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s s tu d ie d
s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a t e th e r e la t iv e im p o r t a n c e o f th e jo b s s tu d ie d .
T h ese
d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e do n ot a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f
th e e a r n in g s d a ta .

E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g
(m e n and w o m e n ) :
C om p u ter sy ste m s
a n a ly s t s , c l a s s e s
A , B , and C
C om p u ter p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C
C om p u ter o p e r a to r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C

W a ge t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s

T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s p r e s e n t e d in ta b le A - 7 a r e b a s e d on c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r e s t a b lis h m e n t s r e p o r t in g the t r e n d jo b s in b o th
th e c u r r e n t and p r e v io u s y e a r (m a tc h e d e s t a b lis h m e n t s ) .
T h e d a ta a r e
a d ju s te d to r e m o v e th e e f f e c t s on a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f e m p lo y m e n t s h ift s
a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s and t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s in c lu d e d in s u r v e y
s a m p le s .
T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a r e s t i l l a ff e c t e d b y f a c t o r s
o t h e r th an w a g e i n c r e a s e s .
H ir in g , l a y o f f s , and t u r n o v e r m a y a f f e c t an
e s t a b lis h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an o c c u p a t io n w h en w o r k e r s a r e p a id u n d e r p la n s
p r o v id in g a r a n g e o f w a g e r a t e s f o r in d iv id u a l j o b s .
In p e r io d s o f i n c r e a s e d
h ir in g , f o r e x a m p le , n e w e m p lo y e e s e n t e r at th e b o tto m o f th e r a n g e ,
d e p r e s s i n g the a v e r a g e w ith o u t a ch a n g e in w a g e r a t e s .

S k ille d m a in t e n a n c e (m e n
and w o m e n ) :
C a rp e n te rs
E le c tr ic ia n s
P a in t e r s
M a c h in is t s
M e c h a n ic s (m a c h in e r y )
M e c h a n ic s ( m o t o r v e h ic le )
P ip e fitte r s
T o o l and d ie m a k e r s

I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m e n and 1
3
2
w o m e n ):
R e g i s t e r e d in d u s t r ia l
n u rses
P e r c e n t c h a n g e s f o r in d iv:
as fo llo w s :

U n s k ille d pla n t (m e n and
w o m e n ):
J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and
c le a n e r s
M a t e r ia l h a n d lin g l a b o r e r s
a r e a s in th e p r o g r a m

a r e co m p u te d

1.

2.

O c c u p a t io n s u s e d t o c o m p u t e w a g e t r e n d s

a re:

O f f ic e c l e r i c a l (m e n a n d
w o m e n ):

O f f ic e c l e r i c a l (m e n and
w o m e n )---- C o n tin u ed

S e c r e ta r ie s
S ten og rap h ers, gen era l
S t e n o g r a p h e r s , s e n io r
T y p is ts , c la s s e s
A a nd B
F ile c le r k s , c la s s e s A ,
B , and C
M essen gers
S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A and B

O rd e r c le r k s
A c c o u n t in g c l e r k s ,
c l a s s e s A a nd B
B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e
op era tors^ c la s s B
P a y r o ll c le r k s
K eypu n ch o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
T a b u la tin g - m a c h ine
o p e r a to r s , c la s s B




T h e s e w e ig h t s a r e u s e d to c o m p u t e g r o u p a v e r a g e s .
E a c h o c c u p a t i o n 's a v e r a g e (m e a n ) e a r n in g s i s m u lt ip lie d
b y it s w e ig h t.
T h e p r o d u c t s a r e t o t a le d t o o b ta in a
grou p a v e ra g e .

3.

T h e p e r c e n t c h a n g e s r e la t e to w a g e c h a n g e s b e tw e e n th e in d ic a t e d
d a tes.
W h en th e t im e sp a n b e tw e e n s u r v e y s i s o t h e r th an 12 m o n t h s , a n n u a l
r a te s a re show n.
(It i s a s s u m e d th a t w a g e s i n c r e a s e at a c o n s t a n t r a te
b e tw e e n s u r v e y s .)

E a c h o c c u p a t io n is a s s i g n e d a w e ig h t b a s e d o n it s p r o ­
p o r t io n a t e e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p in th e
base y ea r.

T h e r a t io o f g r o u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s is
c o m p u t e d b y d iv id in g th e a v e r a g e f o r th e c u r r e n t y e a r
b y th e a v e r a g e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
T he re s u lt—
e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t — l e s s 100 i s th e p e r c e n t c h a n g e .

F o r a m o r e d e t a ile d d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e m e t h o d u s e d t o c o m p u t e t h e s e
w a g e t r e n d s , s e e " I m p r o v in g A r e a W a g e S u r v e y I n d e x e s , " M o n th ly L a b o r
R e v i e w , J a n u a r y 1 9 7 3 , p p . 5 2 -5 7 .
E s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s
T a b u la t io n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y
w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in t h is b u lle t in . I n f o r ­
m a t io n f o r t h e s e ta b u la t io n s is c o l l e c t e d at 3 - y e a r i n t e r v a l s . 1 T h e s e ta b u ­
la t io n s on m in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r in e x p e r i e n c e d o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; s h ift
d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s and d a y s ; p a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a t io n s ;
and h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s a r e p r e s e n t e d (in th e B - s e r i e s t a b le s )
in p r e v i o u s b u lle t in s f o r t h is a r e a .
1 Personal visits were on a 2-year cy cle before July 1972.

14

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
in Greensboro—Winston-Salem—High Point, N .C .,1August 1976
In du stry d iv is io n 2

M inim um
em p lo ym e n t
in e s t a b lis h m ents in s c o p e
o f study

W o r k e r s in es ta b lis h m en ts
W ithin s c o p e o f study 1
4
3
*

W ithin s c o p e
o f study *

Studied

Studied
N um ber

P ercent

786

135

1 7 5 ,9 4 4

100

7 4 ,6 3 8

63
67

1 2 0 ,4 4 9
5 5 ,4 9 5

68

•

44 3
343

5 0 ,3 7 6
2 4 ,2 6 2

30
50
50
50
50

60
63
128
42
50

12
8
20
10

1 6 ,5 6 6
5 ,7 5 5
1 8 ,9 9 7
9 ,3 4 7
4 ,8 3 0

ALL DIVISIONS ----------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------ ------------ ---------- -------- ----------------------n o n m an u f ac tu r in g ------------------------------------------------------------TRANSPORTATION, COMMUNICATION, AND
OTHE.R PUBLIC UTILIT I t s 5 --------------------------------------wholesale . TRADE 6 ---------------------------------------------------------7
RETAIL TRADE 6 -------------------------------------------- -- ----------------FINANCE, INSURANCE, AND REAL ESTATE6 -------------SERVICES6 7-----------------------------------------------------------------------

N um ber o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

so

17

32
9
3

11
5
3

7 ,8 4 3
935
7 ,8 3 5
5 ,5 5 9
2 ,0 9 0

1 Th e G r e e n s b o r o — in s to n -S a le m — igh P oin t Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a i as de fin e d by the O ffic e o f M anagem ent and Budget th rou gh F e b ru a r y 1974,
W
H
c o n s is t s o f D a v id so n , F o r s y t h , G u ilfo rd , R a n dolph , S to k e s , and Y adkin C o u n tie s.
The " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s tu d y" e s tim a te s show n in th is ta b le p r o v id e a re a s o n a b ly
a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f th e la b o r f o r c e in clu d ed in the s u r v e y .
E s tim a te s a r e not intended, h o w e v e r , fo r c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r em p loym en t
in d ex es to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tr e n d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1) planning o f w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s e sta b lish m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in a d va n ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d
stu d ied , and (2) sm a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e ex clu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
7 The 1967 ed ition o f the Standard In d u strial C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u s e d in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts by in d u stry d iv is io n .
3 Inclu des a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l em p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
A ll o u tle ts (w ithin the a rea ) o f c o m p a n ie s in in d u s tr ie s such as tr a d e ,
fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tio n p ic tu re th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 In clu d es a ll w o r k e r s in a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p loym en t (w ithin the area) at o r a b o v e the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
5 A b b r e v ia te d to "p u b lic u t ilit ie s " in the A - s e r ie s ta b le s . T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid e n ta l to w a te r tr a n s p o r ta tio n a r e e x c lu d e d . T h e tr a n s it s y s te m in W in s to n -S a le m ,
and tw o o f the e l e c t r i c u t ilitie s supplying l e s s than h a lf o f the e l e c t r i c c o m s u m p tio n w e r e p u b lic ly ow ned and ex clu d e d by d e fin itio n fr o m the s c o p e o f th e study.
6 T h is d iv is io n is re p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s fo r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s .
S epa ra te p r e s e n ta tio n o f data is not m ade fo r one
o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
(1) E m ploym en t is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it s e p a r a te stu dy, (2) the sa m p le w as not d esig n ed in itia lly to p e r m it
s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) re s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequate to p e r m it s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) t h e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d i s c lo s u r e o f individ ual esta b lish m en t data.
7 H o te ls and m o t e ls ; la u n d rie s and o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir , r e n ta l, and park in g; m otion p ic tu r e s ; n on p rofit m e m b e r s h ip
o r g a n iz a tio n s (e x clu d in g r e lig io u s and c h a r ita b le o r g a n iz a tio n s ); and en gin e e rin g and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .







Appendix B.

Occupational Descriptions

T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r in g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s t o a s s i s t
it s f ie ld s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r ia t e o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f
p a y r o l l t i t l e s and d if f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b lis h m e n t t o e s t a b lis h m e n t and f r o m a r e a to
a rea.
T h is p e r m it s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b le j o b c o n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a s is on in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t and in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n t e n t , th e
B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s ig n ific a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s o r t h o s e
p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e
in s t r u c t e d to e x c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t ic e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g i n n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a nd h a n d ic a p p e d ,
p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t io n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
SECRETARY

SECRETARY-

A s s ig n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly t o o n e in d iv id u a l.
M a in ­
t a in s a c l o s e and h ig h ly r e s p o n s i v e r e la t io n s h ip to th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k o f th e
s u p e r v is o r .
W o r k s f a i r l y in d e p e n d e n tly r e c e i v i n g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d
s u p e r v is io n and g u id a n c e .
P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l d u t ie s ,
u s u a lly in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :

M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l ta s k s o f c o m p a r a b le
n a t u r e and d i f f i c u l t y .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e r o u tin e
and u n d e r s t a n d in g o f th e o r g a n iz a t i o n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e la t e d to
th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .

o n tin u e d

E x c l u s io n s
a . R e c e i v e s t e le p h o n e c a l l s , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and in c o m in g m a il ,
a n s w e r s r o u tin e in q u i r i e s , and r o u t e s t e c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s to th e p r o p e r
p erson s;
b.
c.
in s t r u c t e d ;
d.

E s ta b lis h e s ,

m a in t a in s ,

and r e v i s e s th e

M a in ta in s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's
R e la y s m e s s a g e s f r o m

N ot a ll p o s i t i o n s th a t a r e t it le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e - c h a r ­
a c te r is tic s .
E x a m p le s o f p o s it io n s w h ic h a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e d e f in it io n a r e
as fo llo w s :

s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ;
a. P o s itio n s
d e s crib e d above;

c a le n d a r and m a k e s a p p o in t m e n ts a s

s u p e r v i s o r to

b.

s u b o r d in a t e s ;

e . R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y
o t h e r s f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s ig n a t u r e t o a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and t y p o g r a p h ic
accu racy;
f.

P e r fo r m s




s io n a l,

w h ic h

do

not

m eet

th e

"p e r s o n a l"

se cre ta ry con cept

S t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u lly t r a in e d in s e c r e t a r i a l - t y p e d u t ie s ;

c . S t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v in g a s o f f i c e
t e c h n i c a l , o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ;

a s sista n ts to a g rou p o f p r o fe s ­

d . S e c r e t a r y p o s it io n s in w h ic h th e d u tie s a r e e it h e r s u b s ta n tia lly
m o r e r o u tin e o r s u b s t a n t ia lly m o r e c o m p l e x and r e s p o n s ib le th a n t h o s e c h a r ­
a c t e r i z e d in th e d e f in it io n ;

s t e n o g r a p h ic and ty p in g w o r k .

B e g in n in g w ith c a le n d a r y e a r 1976 s u r v e y s , th e B u r e a u h a s g r o u p e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d in it s
a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s in to j o b f a m i l i e s in o r d e r to p r e s e n t in f o r m a t io n on r e la t e d o c c u p a t io n s in s e q u e n c e .
J o b f a m i l i e s h a v e n ot b e e n t i t le d , h o w e v e r , s in c e d o in g s o m ig h t h a v e a d d e d e x t r a n e o u s e le m e n t s to th e
j o b m a t c h in g p r o c e s s .
T h e B u r e a u h a s a ls o r e v i s e d s e v e r a l o c c u p a t io n a l t i t l e s .
w o r d o r d e r and a r e m o r e d e s c r i p t i v e o f th e s u r v e y j o b s .

17

T h e t i t l e s m o r e n e a r ly r e f l e c t u s u a l

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d
C la s s C

E x c l u s i o n s — C o n tin u e d

e.
A s s i s t a n t - t y p e p o s it io n s w h ic h in v o lv e m o r e d if f ic u l t o r m o r e
1. S e c r e t a r y t o an e x e c u t iv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n ­
r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n i c a l , a d m in is t r a t iv e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l
s ib i l i t y is n ot e q u iv a le n t to o n e o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s itu a tio n s in th e d e fin it io n
d u t ie s w h ic h a r e n o t t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .
f o r c l a s s B , but w h o s e o r g a n iz a t i o n a l u n it n o r m a l l y n u m b e r s at le a s t s e v e r a l
d o z e n e m p lo y e e s and is u s u a lly d iv id e d in to o r g a n iz a t i o n a l s e g m e n t s w h ic h a r e
o f t e n , in tu r n , f u r t h e r s u b d iv id e d .
In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , th is l e v e l in c lu d e s a
N OTE:
T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in the l e v e l d e f in it io n s
w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n iz a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly o n e o r tw o ; cm
f o llo w in g ” r e f e r s to t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w h o h a v e a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a t e w id e
p o li c y m a k in g r o l e w ith r e g a r d to m a j o r c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s .
T h e t i t le " v i c e
2 . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r
p r e s i d e n t , " th o u g h n o r m a l l y in d ic a t iv e o f th is r o l e , d o e s n o t in a ll c a s e s ,
o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) th at e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th a n 5 ,0 0 0
id e n t i fy s u ch p o s i t i o n s .
V ic e p r e s id e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to
person s.
a c t p e r s o n a l l y on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t io n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y
in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ; a d m in is t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y
C la s s D
s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l s ta ff) a r e n ot c o n s i d e r e d to b e " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r
1. S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a ll o r g a n iz a t i o n a l u nit
p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e f o llo w in g l e v e l d e f in it io n s .
( e . g . , f e w e r th a n a b ou t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; cm
C la s s A
1. S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a c o m p a n y
th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 but f e w e r th an 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

2 . S e c r e t a r y to a non s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l
e m p l o y e e , a d m in is t r a t iv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k ille d t e c h n ic ia n , o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E :
M a n y c o m p a n ie s a s s i g n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s
d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to t h is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r . )
STEN OGRAPH ER

2. S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o t h e r th an the c h a ir m a n o f th e
b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 but fe w e r
th a n 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d , i m m e d i a t e ly b e lo w the c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r
l e v e l , o f a m a j o r s e g m e n t o r s u b s id i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a ll,
o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

C la s s B

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n u s in g s h o r t h a n d , and to t r a n s c r i b e
th e d ic t a t i o n .
M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n c o p y .
M ay o p e ra te fro m a s te n o ­
g r a p h ic p o o l.
M a y o c c a s i o n a l l y t r a n s c r i b e f r o m v o i c e r e c o r d i n g s ( if p r i m a r y
du ty is t r a n s c r i b i n g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s , s e e T r a n s c r i b i n g - M a c h i n e T y p i s t ) .
NOTE:
T h is jo b i s d is t in g u is h e d f r o m th a t o f a s e c r e t a r y in th at a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a l l y w o r k s in a c o n fid e n t ia l r e la t io n s h ip w ith o n ly o n e m a n a g e r
o r e x e c u t iv e and p e r f o r m s m o r e
r e s p o n s i b l e and d i s c r e t i o n a r y ta s k s as
d e s c r i b e d in th e s e c r e t a r y jo b d e f in it io n .

1. S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a c o m p a n y
th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
2 . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o t h e r th an th e c h a ir m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but f e w e r
th a n 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d , i m m e d i a t e ly b e lo w th e o f f i c e r l e v e l , o v e r
e it h e r a m a j o r c o r p o r a t i o n w id e f u n c t io n a l a c t i v it y ( e . g . , m a r k e t in g , r e s e a r c h ,
o p e r a t io n s , in d u s t r ia l r e l a t i o n s , e t c .) o £ a m a j o r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a j o r d iv is io n ) o f a c o m p a n y th at
e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th an 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r
4 . S e c r e t a r y to th e h ea d o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r
o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
5. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a la r g e and im p o r t a n t o r g a n iz a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n iz a t i o n a l s e g m e n t
o f t e n in v o lv in g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l h u n d re d p e r s o n s ) o r a c o m p a n y that
e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .




S ten ograp h er, G en era l

keep

D ic t a t io n i n v o lv e s a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u l a r y .
M a y m a in ta in f i l e s ,
s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y r o u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
S t e n o g r a p h e r , S e n io r

D ic t a t io n i n v o l v e s a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y su ch
a s in le g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h .
M a y a ls o s e t up and
m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u tie s r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n t l y g r e a t e r in d e ­
p e n d e n c e and r e s p o n s i b i l i t y than s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l a s e v id e n c e d b y th e
f o llo w in g :
W o r k r e q u i r e s a h ig h d e g r e e o f s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d and a c c u r a c y ;
a th o r o u g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s and o f f i c e p r o c e d u r e ; and
o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s in e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n iz a t i o n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k f lo w , e t c .
U s e s t h is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u tie s and
r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l t a s k s su ch a s m a in ta in in g f o llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b lin g
m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , and l e t t e r s ; c o m p o s in g s im p le le t t e r s
f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d in g and r o u tin g in c o m in g m a i l ; and a n s w e r in g
r o u tin e q u e s t io n s , e t c .

T R A N S C R I B I N G -M A C H IN E T Y P I S T

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u tin e
v o c a b u la r y fr o m tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n
c o p y and d o s im p le c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g
a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u c h a s le g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s
oh s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e n ot in c lu d e d .
A w o r k e r w h o ta k e s d ic t a t io n in
s h o r th a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e i s c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r .

C la s s A .
O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e le p h o n e s w it c h ­
b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g , o u t g o in g , in tr a p la n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s .
P e r f o r m s f u ll
t e le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s c o m p l e x c a l l s , s u ch a s c o n f e r e n c e ,
c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e it h e r in a d d itio n to d o in g r o u tin e w o r k
a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u l l - t i m e a s s ig n m e n t .
( " F u l l " t e le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n
s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h e n th e e s t a b lis h m e n t h a s
v a r i e d f u n c t io n s th a t a r e n ot r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r t e le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n
p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e o f o v e r la p p in g o r in t e r r e l a t e d f u n c t io n s , and c o n s e ­
q u e n tly p r e s e n t f r e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s t o w h ic h e x t e n s io n s a r e a p p r o p r ia t e
fo r c a lls .)

T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r io u s m a t e r i a l s o r to m a k e
ou t b i l l s a ft e r c a lc u la t io n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o t h e r p e r s o n .
M a y in c lu d e
ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p lic a t in g p r o ­
cesses.
M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g lit t le s p e c i a l t r a in in g , s u c h a s
k e e p in g s im p le r e c o r d s , f ilin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r t in g and d is t r ib u t in g
in c o m in g m a il .
C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g ;
T y p in g m a t e r i a l
in f in a l f o r m w h en it in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e llin g , s y lla b ic a t i o n , p u n c tu a tio n , e t c . , o f t e c h ­
n i c a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ; o r p la n n in g la y o u t and
ty p in g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b le s to m a in ta in u n if o r m it y and b a la n c e in
s p a c in g . M a y ty p e r o u tin e f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y in g d e t a ils t o su it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C la s s
rou gh o r c le a r
o r s e tt in g up
a lr e a d y s e t up

B.
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g :
C o p y ty p in g f r o m
d r a f t s ; o r r o u tin e ty p in g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ;
s im p le s ta n d a r d t a b u la t io n s ; o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p l e x t a b le s
and s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

F IL E C L E R K
F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r i a l in an e s t a b lis h e d f ilin g
sy ste m .
M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l ta s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in f i l e s .
P o s it io n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s on th e b a s i s o f th e f o llo w in g d e f in it io n s .
C la s s A .
C l a s s i f i e s and in d e x e s f i l e m a t e r i a l s u ch a s c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n t s , e t c . , in an e s t a b lis h e d f ilin g s y s t e m
c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a t t e r f i l e s .
M a y a l s o f i l e th is
m a t e r ia l.
M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c t io n w ith th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a ll g r o u p o f lo w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .
C la s s B .
S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s im p le
( s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d in g s o r p a r t ly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f i n e r s u b h e a d in g s .
P r e p a r e s s im p le r e la t e d in d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s .
A s req u ested ,
l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n t ifie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l .
M ay
p e r fo r m
r e la t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u ir e d t o m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C la s s C .
P e r f o r m s r o u tin e f ilin g o f m a t e r i a l that h a s a lr e a d y b e e n
c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ic h is e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s im p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
sy ste m
( e . g . , a lp h a b e t ic a l, c h r o n o l o g i c a l , o r n u m e r i c a l ) .
A s req u ested ,
l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a ila b le m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l ; and m a y
f i l l o u t w it h d r a w a l c h a r g e .
M a y p e r f o r m s im p le c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l ta s k s
r e q u i r e d to m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .
M ESSENGER
P e r f o r m s v a r io u s r o u tin e d u tie s s u ch a s ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t in g
m i n o r o f f i c e m a c h in e s s u c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g and d is t r ib u t in g
m a i l , and o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x c lu d e p o s it io n s that r e q u ir e o p e r a t io n
o f a m o t o r v e h i c l e a s a s ig n ific a n t d u ty .




19

C la s s B .
O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n te le p h o n e s w it c h ­
b o a r d h a n d lin g i n c o m in g , o u t g o in g , in tr a p la n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s .
M a y h a n d le
r o u tin e lo n g d is t a n c e c a l l s and r e c o r d t o l l s .
M a y p e r f o r m lim it e d te le p h o n e
in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e .
( " L i m i t e d " t e le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n s e r v i c e o c c u r s i f th e
f u n c t io n s o f th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r t e l e ­
p h o n e i n fo r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , o r i f th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t in e , e . g . , g iv in g
e x t e n s io n n u m b e r s w h en s p e c i f i c n a m e s a r e fu r n is h e d , o r i f c o m p l e x c a l l s
a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o t h e r o p e r a t o r . )
T h e s e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s d o n o t in c lu d e s w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s in t e l e ­
p h o n e c o m p a n ie s w h o a s s i s t c u s t o m e r s in p la c in g c a l l s .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T I O N I S T
In a d d itio n to p e r f o r m i n g d u t ie s o f o p e r a t o r o n a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r
m o n i t o r - t y p e s w it c h b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n i s t and m a y a l s o ty p e o r p e r f o r m
r o u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k a s p a r t o f r e g u la r d u t ie s .
T h is ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k
m a y ta k e th e m a j o r p a r t o f t h is w o r k e r 's t im e w h ile at s w it c h b o a r d .
ORDER CLERK
R e c e i v e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a i l ,
ph on e, o r p e r s o n a lly .
D u tie s in v o lv e a n y c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
Q u o tin g p r i c e s t o c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g o u t an o r d e r s h e e t lis t in g th e it e m s t o
m a k e up th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s and q u a n tit ie s o f it e m s o n o r d e r s h e e t ;
and d is t r ib u t in g o r d e r s h e e t s to r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s to b e f i l l e d .
M ay
c h e c k w ith c r e d i t d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m i n e c r e d i t r a tin g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w l­
e d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s , f o l l o w up o r d e r s t o s e e th a t th e y
h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , and c h e c k s h ip p in g i n v o i c e s
w ith o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .
A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e a c c o u n t in g c l e r i c a l t a s k s s u ch a s p o s t in g to
r e g i s t e r s and l e d g e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; v e r if y in g th e in t e r n a l c o n ­
s i s t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , and m a t h e m a t ic a l a c c u r a c y o f a c c o u n t in g d o c u m e n t s ;
a s s i g n in g p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t in g d is t r ib u t io n c o d e s ; e x a m in in g and v e r i f y i n g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s t y p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a lc u la t io n s , p o s t in g ,
e t c . ; o r p r e p a r in g s im p le o r a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p lic a t e d jo u r n a l
vou ch ers.
M a y w o r k in e it h e r a m a n u a l o r a u to m a te d a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m .
T h e w o r k r e q u i r e s a k n o w le d g e o f c l e r i c a l m e t h o d s an d o f f i c e p r a c ­
t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h r e l a t e s t o th e c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g and r e c o r d i n g
o f t r a n s a c t io n s an d a c c o u n t in g in f o r m a t io n .
W ith e x p e r i e n c e , th e w o r k e r
t y p i c a l l y b e c o m e s f a m i l i a r w ith th e b o o k k e e p in g and a c c o u n t in g t e r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in th e a s s i g n e d w o r k , b u t i s n ot r e q u ir e d to h a v e a k n o w le d g e
o f th e f o r m a l p r i n c i p l e s o f b o o k k e e p in g and a c c o u n t in g .
P o s it io n s
d e f in it io n s .

are

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e ls

on

th e

b a s is o f th e f o llo w in g

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K — Continued

M A C H IN E B IL L E R — Continued

C lass A.
Under g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s accou nting c l e r i c a l
o p e r a t i o n s w h i c h r e q u i r e th e a p p l i c a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e and j u d g m e n t , f o r
e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s i n g c o m p lic a te d o r n on rep etitiv e accou nting t r a n s ­
a c tio n s , s e le c t in g am on g a su bstan tial v a r ie t y o f p r e s c r i b e d a ccou n tin g c o d e s
and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c i n g t r a n s a c t i o n s t h r o u g h p r e v i o u s a c c o u n t i n g
a ctio n s to d e t e r m i n e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M ay be a s s i s t e d by one o r
m o r e c la s s B accou nting c le r k s .

B ook k eep in g-m a ch in e b ille r .
U s e s a b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h i n e (w ith o r
w ith o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s as p a r t o f the
accounts re ce iv a b le op eration .
G e n e r a l l y i n v o l v e s th e s i m u l t a n e o u s e n t r y o f
f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h i n e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s o n a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o l u m n s and c o m p u t e s and u s u a l l y p r i n t s
a u t o m a t i c a l l y th e d e b i t o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s .
D o e s not in v o lv e a k n ow led g e
o f bookkeepin g.
W orks from
u n i f o r m and s t a n d a r d t y p e s o f s a l e s and
cre d it slips.

C lass B.
Under c l o s e su p e rv is io n , follow in g detailed in stru ctio n s
and s t a n d a r d i z e d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e r o u t in e a c c o u n t i n g c l e r ­
i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , s u c h a s p o s t i n g to l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e
i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f i t e m s and l o c a t i o n s o f p o s t i n g s a r e c l e a r l y i n d i c a t e d ; c h e c k i n g
a c c u r a c y and c o m p l e t e n e s s o f s t a n d a r d i z e d and r e p e t i t i v e r e c o r d s o r
a c c o u n t i n g d o c u m e n t s ; and c o d i n g
d o c u m e n ts usin g a few p r e s c r i b e d
accou nting c o d e s .

PAYRO LL CLERK

B O O K K E E PIN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h i n e ( w ith o r w ith o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y ­
b o a rd ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t io n s .
C la ss A .
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w l e d g e o f and
e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c b o o k k e e p i n g p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e
o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m u s e d .
D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d i s t r i b u t i o n o f d e b i t and c r e d i t i t e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h p h a s e o f the w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l i d a t e d r e p o r t s , b a l a n c e s h e e t s , and o t h e r r e c o r d s b y han d.

C lass B.
K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a se s o r s e c tio n s o f a
s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l l y r e q u i r i n g l it t le k n o w l e d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p i n g . P h a s e s
o r s e c t i o n s i n c l u d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b l e , p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (not
in clu d in g a s im p le type o f b illin g d e s c r i b e d under m a c h in e b i l l e r ) , c o s t d i s ­
tribution, e x p en se d istrib u tion , in v e n to ry c o n tr o l, etc .
May ch e ck o r a s s is t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r the a c c o u n t i n g
departm ent.

C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s and e n t e r s the n e c e s s a r y
d a t a o n the p a y r o l l s h e e t s .
D u t ie s i n v o l v e :
C alcu latin g w o r k e r s ' earn ings
b a s e d o n t i m e o r p r o d u c t i o n r e c o r d s ; and p o s t i n g c a l c u l a t e d data o n p a y r o l l
sh eet, show ing in fo r m a t io n such as w o r k e r 's n a m e , w ork in g d a y s, t im e , rate,
d e d u c t i o n s f o r i n s u r a n c e , and t o t a l w a g e s d u e .
M a y m a k e out p a y c h e c k s and
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k i n g up and d i s t r i b u t i n g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M ay use a
calcu latin g m a ch in e.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
O p e r a t e s a k e y p u n c h m a c h i n e to r e c o r d
n u m e r i c d a t a o n t a b u la t in g c a r d s o r o n t a p e .
P osition s
d efin ition s.

are

cla ssified

in to

levels

on

o r v e r i f y alphabetic

th e

basis

a n d /o r

o f th e f o l l o w i n g

C lass A .
W o r k r e q u i r e s th e a p p l i c a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e and ju d g m e n t
in s e l e c t i n g p r o c e d u r e s to b e f o l l o w e d and in s e a r c h i n g f o r , i n t e r p r e t i n g ,
s e l e c t i n g , o r c o d i n g i t e m s to b e k e y p u n c h e d f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s o u r c e d o c u ­
m ents.
On o c c a s i o n m a y a l s o p e r f o r m s o m e r o u t i n e k e y p u n c h w o r k .
May
train in e x p e rie n ce d keypunch o p e r a to r s .
C lass B .
W o r k i s r o u t i n e and r e p e t i t i v e .
Under c l o s e s u p e r v is io n
o r f o l l o w i n g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s t r u c t i o n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r io u s - s t a n ­
d a r d i z e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s w h i c h h a v e b e e n c o d e d , and f o l l o w s s p e c i f i e d
p r o c e d u r e s w h i c h h a v e b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a i l and r e q u i r e lit t l e o r no
s e l e c t i n g , c o d i n g , o r i n t e r p r e t i n g o f d a t a to b e r e c o r d e d . R e f e r s t o s u p e r v i s o r
p r o b le m s a r is in g f r o m e r r o n e o u s ite m s o r c o d e s o r m i s s in g in fo rm a tio n .

M ACH IN E B IL L E R
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , and i n v o i c e s on a m a c h i n e o t h e r than an
ord in ary o r e le ctro m a tic ty p ew riter.
M ay a ls o k eep r e c o r d s as to b illin g s
o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l w o r k i n c i d e n t a l to b i l l i n g
operation s.
F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e b i l l e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e
o f m a ch in e, as fo llo w s:

B illin g-m ach ine b ille r .
U ses a s p e c ia l billin g m ach in e (com bin ation
t y p in g and a d d in g m a c h i n e ) t o p r e p a r e b i l l s and i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s '
p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , i n t e r n a l l y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o r a n d u m s , e t c .
Usually i n v o l v e s a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d i s c o u n t s and s h ip p in g c h a r g e s
and e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h i c h m a y o r m a y not b e c o m p u t e d on
th e b i l l i n g m a c h i n e , and t o t a l s w h i c h a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d b y
m ach in e.
The o p e r a tio n u su ally in v o lv e s a la rg e num ber o f c a r b o n c o p ie s
o f th e b i l l b e i n g p r e p a r e d and i s o f t e n d o n e on a f a n f o l d m a c h i n e .




O p e r a t e s o n e o r a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n e s s u c h a s th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u ­
la to r, co lla t o r , in te rp re te r, s o r te r , re p ro d u cin g punch, etc.
Excluded fro m
this d efin ition a re w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s .
A ls o exclu ded a re o p e r a to r s of
e l e c t r o n i c d ig ita l c o m p u t e r s , e ve n though they m a y a l s o o p e r a t e e l e c t r i c
accounting m a ch in e equipm en t.
P osition s
defin ition s.

are

cla ssifie d

in to

lev els

on

th e

basis

o f th e f o l l o w i n g

C la ss A .
P e r f o r m s c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g and ta b u la t in g a s s i g n m e n t s
including d e v isin g difficult c o n tr o l pan el w irin g under g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n .
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e a v a r i e t y o f l o n g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w h i c h
o f t e n a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g , r e q u i r i n g s o m e p la n n in g o f th e n a t u r e
and s e q u e n c i n g o f o p e r a t i o n s , and th e u s e o f a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n e s .
Is

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R — Continued

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ---- Continued

t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e d in t r a i n i n g n e w o p e r a t o r s in m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s o r t r a i n i n g
l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s in w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and in th e o p e r a t i n g s e q u e n c e s
o f l o n g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n o t i n c l u d e p o s i t i o n s in w h i c h w i r i n g
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s l i m i t e d to s e l e c t i o n and i n s e r t i o n o f p r e w i r e d b o a r d s .

th e t a b u l a t o r and c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d i t i o n to th e s i m p l e r m a c h i n e s u s e d b y
cla ss C operators.
M a y b e r e q u i r e d to d o s o m e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s .
M a y t r a i n n e w e m p l o y e e s in b a s i c m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s .
C la ss C .
U n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s , o p e r a t e s s i m p l e ta b u la t in g
o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g m a c h i n e s s u c h a s th e s o r t e r , i n t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g
punch, c o lla t o r , etc.
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e p o r t i o n s o f a w o r k unit,
f o r e x a m p le , in d ivid u al s o rtin g o r c o lla tin g ru n s, o r rep etitiv e o p e r a t io n s .
May p e r fo rm
s i m p l e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s , and d o s o m e f i l i n g w o r k .

C lass B.
P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d i n g t o e s t a b l i s h e d p r o c e d u r e s and
under sp e cific in stru ction s.
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e c o m p l e t e but r o u ­
ti n e and r e c u r r i n g r e p o r t s o r p a r t s o f l a r g e r and m o r e c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a t e s m o r e d i f f i c u l t t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g m a c h i n e s s u c h a s

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BU SIN E SS

C O M P U TE R SYSTEMS A N A L Y S T ,

A n a l y z e s b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s to fo r m u la te p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g
t h e m b y u s e o f e l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g e q u i p m e n t .
D evelops a co m p le te
d e s c r i p t i o n o f a ll s p e c if ic a t io n s n e e d e d to en ab le p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u ir e d dig ital c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
A n a l y z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t i o n s t o b e a u t o m a t e d and i d e n t i f i e s c o n d i t i o n s
and c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d t o a c h i e v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r and
t y p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d o c u m e n t s t o b e u s e d ; o u t l i n e s a c t i o n s to be
p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u t e r s in s u f f i c i e n t d e t a i l f o r p r e s e n t a t i o n
to m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y th is i n v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f
w o r k and da t a f l o w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s th e d e v e l o p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s and
p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l r u n s o f n e w and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s e q u i p ­
m e n t c h a n g e s t o o b t a in m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l o p e r a t i o n s .
(N O TE :
W orkers
p e r f o r m i n g b o th s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d as
s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f t h is i s th e s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y . )

d e v e l o p s s y s t e m s f o r m a i n t a i n i n g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n t s in a b a n k , m a i n t a i n i n g
accounts
r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t , o r m a i n t a i n i n g i n v e n t o r y
a c c o u n t s in a m a n u f a c t u r i n g o r w h o l e s a l e e s t a b l i s h m e n t . )
C o n f e r s w ith p e r ­
s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o d e t e r m i n e the da ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s
s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e i m p l i c a t i o n s o f th e data p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s
to b e a p p l i e d .
OR
W o r k s o n a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p l e x da ta p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m ,
as d e s crib e d for c la s s A .
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y on r o u t in e a s s i g n m e n t s and
r e c e i v e s i n s t r u c t i o n and g u i d a n c e o n c o m p l e x a s s i g n m e n t s .
W ork is re v ie w e d
f o r a c c u r a c y o f j u d g m e n t , c o m p l i a n c e w ith i n s t r u c t i o n s , and to i n s u r e p r o p e r
a l i g n m e n t w ith th e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .
C lass C .
W o r k s u n d e r i m m e d i a t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g ou t a n a l y ­
s e s as a s sig n e d , u su ally o f a single activity .
A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s i g n e d to
d e v e l o p and e x p a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e in th e a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r o c e d u r e s and
sk ills re q u ire d fo r s y s te m s an a lysis w o rk .
F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s i s t a -h igh er
l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a l y s t b y p r e p a r i n g th e d e t a i l e d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u i r e d b y
p rog ra m m ers from
i n f o r m a t i o n d e v e l o p e d b y th e h i g h e r l e v e l a n a l y s t .

D o e s n o t i n c l u d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s ­
t e m s a n a l y s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w it h s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g i n e e r i n g p r o b l e m s .
F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s f o l l o w s :
C la ss A.
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s in volvin g all ph ases o f s y s te m a n a ly sis .
P r o b le m s are
c o m p l e x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f input da ta and m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e ­
m e n t s o f o utp ut d a t a .
( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s an i n t e g r a t e d p r o d u c t i o n s c h e d ­
u lin g , i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , and s a l e s a n a l y s i s r e c o r d in w h i c h
e v e r y i t e m o f e a c h t y p e i s a u t o m a t i c a l l y p r o c e s s e d t h r o u g h th e f u l l s y s t e m
o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r i a t e f o l l o w u p a c t i o n s a r e in i t i a t e d b y th e c o m p u t e r . )
C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o d e t e r m i n e th e da ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s
and a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l o n th e i m p l i c a t i o n s o f n e w o r r e v i s e d
s y s t e m s o f data p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t io n s .
M akes recom m en d a tion s, if needed,
f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s i n s t a l l a t i o n s o r c h a n g e s and f o r o b t a in in g
equipm en t.
M ay p r o v id e fun ction al
w h o a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

d irection

to

low er

level system s

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BU SIN E SS
C o n v e rts statem ents of b u sin e ss p r o b le m s , ty p ica lly p r e p a r e d by a
s y s t e m s a n a l y s t , in to a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s w h i c h a r e r e q u i r e d
t o s o l v e the p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a t i c d a t a p r o c e s s i n g e q u i p m e n t .
W orking fr o m
c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e l o p s th e p r e c i s e i n s t r u c t i o n s w h i c h ,
w h e n e n t e r e d in to th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d l a n g u a g e , c a u s e th e m a n i p u ­
l a t i o n o f da t a t o a c h i e v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
A p p lie s kn ow ledge o f c o m p u te r ca p a b ilitie s , m a th e m a tic s , lo g ic e m p lo y e d by
c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t i c u l a r s u b j e c t m a t t e r i n v o l v e d t o a n a l y z e c h a r t s and
d i a g r a m s o f th e p r o b l e m to b e p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e l o p s s e q u e n c e o f p r o g r a m
s t e p s ; w r i t e s d e t a i l e d f l o w c h a r t s to s h o w o r d e r in w h i c h da t a w i l l b e
p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s th e se c h a r ts to c o d e d in s t r u c tio n s f o r m a ch in e to fo llo w ;
t e s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r o p e r a t i n g p e r s o n n e l
d u r i n g p r o d u c t i o n r u n ; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , and a l t e r s p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e
o p e r a t i n g e f f i c i e n c y o r ada p t t o n e w r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m a i n t a i n s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e l o p m e n t and r e v i s i o n s .
(N O T E :
W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g both
s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s
i f t h is i s th e s k i l l u s e d t o d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y . ;

analysts

C lass B .
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
p r o b l e m s th at a r e r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p l i c a t e d t o a n a l y z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , and
operate.
P r o b l e m s a r e o f l i m i t e d c o m p l e x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input da ta
a r e h o m o g e n e o u s and th e ou tp ut da t a a r e c l o s e l y r e l a t e d .
(F o r exam ple,




BUSINESS— C o n t in u e d

21

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B U SIN E SS— C o n tin u e d

COM PUTER OPERATOR

D o e s n o t i n c l u d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o ­
g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w it h s c i e n t i f i c a n d / o r e n g i n e e r i n g p r o b l e m s .

M o n i t o r s and o p e r a t e s th e c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r t o
p r o c e s s da t a a c c o r d i n g to o p e r a t i n g i n s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a p r o ­
gram m er.
W o r k i n c l u d e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : S t u d ie s i n s t r u c t i o n s t o
d e t e r m i n e e q u i p m e n t s e t u p and o p e r a t i o n s ; l o a d s e q u i p m e n t w it h r e q u i r e d
i t e m s (ta p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w i t c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l i a r y e q u i p m e n t in to
c i r c u i t , and s t a r t s and o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d j u s t m e n t s t o c o m p u t e r to
c o r r e c t o p e r a t i n g p r o b l e m s and m e e t s p e c j a l c o n d i t i o n s ; r e v i e w s e r r o r s m a d e
d u r i n g o p e r a t i o n and d e t e r m i n e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m t o s u p e r v i s o r o r
p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a i n t a i n s o p e r a t i n g r e c o r d s .
M a y t e s t and a s s i s t in
correctin g progra m .

For

wage

study p u r p o s e s ,

program m ers

are

cla ssifie d as follow s:

C la ss A .
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h i c h r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in a l l p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m m i n g
c o n c e p t s and p r a c t i c e s .
W o r k i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and c h a r t s w h i c h i d e n t i f y
th e n a t u r e o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g s t e p s to b e a c c o m p l i s h e d ,
a nd th e r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n v a r i o u s s t e p s o f th e p r o b l e m s o l v i n g r o u t i n e ;
p l a n s th e f u l l r a n g e o f p r o g r a m m i n g a c t i o n s n e e d e d t o e f f i c i e n t l y u t i l i z e th e
c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in a c h i e v i n g d e s i r e d e n d p r o d u c t s .

At th is le v e l , p r o g r a m m in g is d iffic u lt b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r equip m en t
m u s t b e o r g a n i z e d to p r o d u c e s e v e r a l i n t e r r e l a t e d b u t d i v e r s e p r o d u c t s f r o m
n u m e r o u s and d i v e r s e d a t a e l e m e n t s .
A w i d e v a r i e t y and e x t e n s i v e n u m b e r
o f in tern al p r o c e s s in g actions m u st o c c u r .
T h i s r e q u i r e s s u c h a c t i o n s as
dev elopm en t o f co m m o n ope ra tio n s w hich can be re u se d , esta b lish m en t o f
linkage poin ts b e tw e e n o p e r a t i o n s , a d ju stm en ts to data when p r o g r a m r e q u i r e ­
m e n t s e x c e e d c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , and s u b s t a n t i a l m a n i p u l a t i o n and
r e s e q u e n c in g o f data e le m e n t s to f o r m a h igh ly in te g ra te d p r o g r a m .

M a y p r o v i d e f u n c t i o n a l d i r e c t i o n to l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s w h o a r e
a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

C la ss B .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
r e l a t i v e l y s i m p l e p r o g r a m s , o r on s i m p l e s e g m e n t s o f c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a l l y p r o c e s s i n f o r m a t i o n t o p r o d u c e da t a in t w o
or th ree va ried sequen ces o r fo rm a ts.
R e p o r t s and l i s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y
r e f i n i n g , a d a p t in g , a r r a y i n g , o r m a k i n g m i n o r a d d i t i o n s t o o r d e l e t i o n s f r o m
input da t a w h i c h a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e
p r o c e s s e d , the da t a h a v e b e e n r e f i n e d in p r i o r a c t i o n s s o th at th e a c c u r a c y
and s e q u e n c i n g o f da ta c a n b e t e s t e d b y u s i n g a f e w r o u t i n e c h e c k s . T y p i c a l l y ,
th e p r o g r a m d e a l s w ith r o u t i n e r e c o r d k e e p i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
OR
W o r k s on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s (as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A) under c l o s e
d ir e ctio n o f a h igher le v e l p r o g r a m m e r or s u p e r v is o r .
M ay a s s i s t higher
le v e l p r o g r a m m e r by in depen den tly p e r f o r m in g l e s s d ifficu lt ta sk s a s sig n e d ,
and p e r f o r m i n g m o r e d i f f i c u l t t a s k s u n d e r f a i r l y c l o s e d i r e c t i o n .
M a y g u id e o r i n s t r u c t l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C lass C .
M akes p r a c tic a l app lication s o f p r o g ra m m in g p r a c tic e s
and c o n c e p t s u s u a l l y l e a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a i n i n g c o u r s e s .
A ssign m en ts are
d e s i g n e d to d e v e l o p c o m p e t e n c e in th e a p p l i c a t i o n o f s t a n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s t o
rou tin e p r o b l e m s . R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v is io n on new a s p e c t s o f a s s ig n m e n t s ;
and w o r k i s r e v i e w e d t o v e r i f y it s a c c u r a c y and c o n f o r m a n c e w ith r e q u i r e d
procedures.




For

wage

study

purposes,

com puter

operators

are

cla ssifie d

as

follow s:
C la ss A .
O p e r a t e s in d ep en d en tly , o r u nder on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n ,
a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
N e w p r o g r a m s a r e f r e q u e n t l y t e s t e d and i n t r o d u c e d ; s c h e d u l i n g r e q u i r e m e n t s
a r e o f c r i t i c a l im p o r t a n c e to m i n i m i z e d o w n tim e ; the p r o g r a m s a r e o f
c o m p l e x d e s i g n s o th at i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o f t e n r e q u i r e s a w o r k i n g
k n o w l e d g e o f th e t o t a l p r o g r a m , and a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y n o t b e a v a i l a b l e .
M a y g i v e d i r e c t i o n and g u i d a n c e t o l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C lass B .
O p e ra te s in depen den tly , o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n ,
a c o m p u t e r r u n n in g p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
M o s t o f t h e p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b l i s h e d p r o d u c t i o n r u n s , t y p i c a l l y ru n o n a
r e g u l a r l y r e c u r r i n g b a s i s ; th e re i s little o r no te s t in g o f n ew p r o g r a m s
r e q u i r e d ; a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v i d e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m n e e d s
m a j o r c h a n g e o r c a n n o t b e c o r r e c t e d w it h i n a r e a s o n a b l y s h o r t t i m e .
In
c o m m o n e r r o r s i t u a t i o n s , d i a g n o s e s c a u s e and t a k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c t i o n .
T h is
u su a lly in v o lv e s app lyin g p r e v i o u s l y p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e ste p s, o r u sin g
standard c o r r e c t i o n te c h n iq u e s.
OR
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v i s i o n a c o m p u t e r r u n n in g p r o g r a m s o r
s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s w it h th e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A .
M ay
a s s i s t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r by in d ep en d en tly p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d iffic u lt ta sk s
a s s i g n e d , and p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t t a s k s f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s and
w it h f r e q u e n t r e v i e w o f o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d .

expected
a b ility to
receiv ed
operator

C lass C .
W o r k s on rou tin e p r o g r a m s u n d er c l o s e s u p e r v is io n .
Is
t o d e v e l o p w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f th e c o m p u t e r e q u i p m e n t u s e d and
d e t e c t p r o b l e m s i n v o l v e d in r u n n in g r o u t i n e p r o g r a m s .
U su a lly has
s o m e f o r m a l t r a i n i n g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t i o n . M a y a s s i s t h i g h e r l e v e l
on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .

DRAFTER
C lass A .
P l a n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p l e x i t e m s h a v in g
d i s t i n c t i v e d e s i g n f e a t u r e s th at d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t i n g
preceden ts.
W o r k s in c l o s e s u p p o r t w ith th e d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r , and m a y
r e c o m m e n d m in o r design ch an ges.
A n a l y z e s th e e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e o n th e
d e t a i l s o f f o r m , f u n c t i o n , and p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m p o n e n t s and p a r t s .
W o r k s w ith a m i n i m u m
of su p ervisory assistance.
C om pleted w o rk is
r e v i e w e d b y d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g i n e e r i n g d e t e r ­
m inations.
M ay eith er p r e p a re draw in gs o r d ir e c t th eir pre p a ra tio n by lo w e r
le v e l d rafters.

DRA F T E R — Continued

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — Continued

C lass B .
P e r f o r m s n o n r o u t i n e and c o m p l e x d r a f t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s
th at r e q u i r e th e a p p l i c a t i o n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d i z e d d r a w i n g t e c h n i q u e s
re g u la rly used.
D u t ie s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s u c h w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w ork in g
d r a w i n g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s , m u l t i p l e f u n c t i o n s , and
p r e c i s e p osition a l rela tion sh ip s betw een co m p o n e n ts; p r e p a r e s a rch ite ctu r a l
d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t io n o f a building in clu d in g d e ta il d r a w in g s o f fo u n ­
d a t i o n s , w a l l s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p l a n s , and r o o f .
U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s and
m a n u a l s in m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y c o m p u t a t i o n s t o d e t e r m i n e q u a n t i t i e s o f
m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , l o a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s , s t r e s s e s , e t c .
R eceiv es
i n i t i a l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , and a d v i c e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C om pleted
w o rk is ch eck ed fo r tech n ica l adequacy.

T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c lu d e s r e p a i r e r s o f such standard e l e c t r o n i c
e q u i p m e n t a s c o m m o n o f f i c e m a c h i n e s and h o u s e h o l d r a d i o and t e l e v i s i o n
s e t s ; p r o d u c t i o n a s s e m b l e r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y duty i s
s e r v i c i n g e l e c t r o n i c t e s t in s t r u m e n t s ; t e c h n ic ia n s who have a d m in is t r a tiv e
o r s u p e r v i s o r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s i g n e r s , and p r o f e s s i o n a l
en gin eers.

C lass C .
P r e p a r e s d e t a i l d r a w i n g s o f s i n g l e unit s o r p a r t s f o r
e n gin eerin g, co n stru ctio n , m a n ufactu rin g, o r re p a ir p u rp o s e s .
T ypes of
d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in clud e i s o m e t r i c p r o je c t io n s (d ep ictin g th re e d im e n s io n s
in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) and s e c t i o n a l v i e w s to c l a r i f y p o s i t i o n i n g o f c o m p o n e n t s
and c o n v e y n e e d e d i n f o r m a t i o n .
C o n so lid a te s d etails fr o m a n u m b e r of
s o u r c e s and a d j u s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u i r e d .
S u ggested m eth o d s o f
a p p r o a c h , a p p l i c a b l e p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v i c e o n s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g i v e n
w ith i n i t i a l a s s i g n m e n t s .
In stru c tio n s a re l e s s c o m p le t e when a s sig n m e n ts
recur.
W o r k m a y be s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r i n g p r o g r e s s .

P osition s
defin ition s.

are

cla ssified

in to

levels

on

th e

ba sis

o f the f o l l o w i n g

C l a s s A . A p p l i e s a d v a n c e d t e c h n i c a l k n o w l e d g e to s o l v e u n u s u a l l y
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , t h o s e th at t y p i c a l l y c a n n o t be s o l v e d s o l e l y b y r e f e r ­
e n c e to m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a l s o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k i n g on e l e c ­
tr o n ic equipm en t.
E x a m p l e s o f s u c h p r o b l e m s i n c l u d e l o c a t i o n and d e n s i t y o f
c i r c u i t r y , e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c r a d i a t i o n , i s o l a t i n g m a l f u n c t i o n s , and f r e q u e n t
en gin eerin g ch a n ge s.
W ork in v olv es:
A d e t a i l e d u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f th e i n t e r ­
r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g i n d e p e n d e n t j u d g m e h t in p e r f o r m i n g s u c h
t a s k s as m a k i n g c i r c u i t a n a l y s e s , c a l c u l a t i n g w a v e f o r m s , t r a c i n g r e l a t i o n ­
s h i p s in s i g n a l f l o w ; and r e g u l a r l y u s i n g c o m p l e x t e s t i n s t r u m e n t s ( e . g . , d u a l
tr a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , dev iation m e t e r s , pulse g e n e r a to r s ).

W o r k m a y b e r e v i e w e d b y s u p e r v i s o r ( f r e q u e n t l y an e n g i n e e r o r
d e s i g n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p l i a n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s .
May p rovid e
t e c h n i c a l g u i d a n c e to l o w e r l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n s .

D R A F T E R -T R A C E R

C o p i e s p la n s and d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c i n g t r a c i n g
c l o t h o r p a p e r o v e r d r a w i n g s and t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l .
( D o e s not
i n c l u d e t r a c i n g l i m i t e d to p la n s p r i m a r i l y c o n s i s t i n g o f s t r a i g h t l i n e s and a
l a r g e s c a l e not r e q u i r i n g c l o s e d e l i n e a t i o n . )
A N D /O R
P r e p a r e s sim p le or repetitive draw in gs of e a sily v isu a lize d ite m s .
W o rk is c l o s e l y s u p e r v is e d during p r o g r e s s .

C la ss B.
A p p l i e s c o m p r e h e n s i v e t e c h n i c a l k n o w l e d g e to s o l v e c o m ­
p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , t h o s e th at t y p i c a l l y c a n be s o l v e d s o l e l y b y p r o p e r l y
i n t e r p r e t i n g m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a l s o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k i n g on
e le c t r o n ic equipm ent.
W ork in v olv es:
A f a m i l i a r i t y w ith the i n t e r r e l a t i o n ­
s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s ; and j u d g m e n t in d e t e r m i n i n g w o r k s e q u e n c e and in s e l e c t i n g
t o o l s and t e s t i n g i n s t r u m e n t s , u s u a l l y l e s s c o m p l e x tha n t h o s e u s e d b y the
c la s s A tech n icia n .
R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l g u i d a n c e , as r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h i g h e r
l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n , and w o r k i s r e v i e w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p l i a n c e w ith a c c e p t e d
p r a c t i c e s and w o r k a s s i g n m e n t s .
M a y p r o v i d e t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e to l o w e r
le v e l tech n icia n s.

E L E C T R O N IC S TEC HN ICIA N

W o r k s o n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t and r e l a t e d d e v i c e s
b y p e r f o r m i n g o n e o r a c o m b i n a t i o n o f the f o l l o w i n g :
In stalling, m ain tain in g,
r e p a i r i n g , o v e r h a u l i n g , t r o u b l e s h o o t i n g , m o d i f y i n g , c o n s t r u c t i n g , and t e s t i n g .
W ork r e q u ir e s p r a c t ic a l application o f te c h n ic a l know ledge o f e le c t r o n ic s
p r i n c i p l e s , a b i l i t y to d e t e r m i n e m a l f u n c t i o n s , and s k i l l to put e q u i p m e n t in
r e q u ir e d o peratin g con dition.

T h e e q u i p m e n t — c o n s i s t i n g o f e i t h e r m a n y d i f f e r e n t k in d s o f c i r c u i t s
o r m u l t i p l e r e p e t i t i o n o f th e s a m e kin d o f c i r c u i t — i n c l u d e s , but i s not l i m i t e d
t o , th e f o l l o w i n g :
(a) E l e c t r o n i c t r a n s m i t t i n g and r e c e i v i n g e q u i p m e n t ( e . g . ,
r a d a r , r a d i o , t e l e v i s i o n , t e l e p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v i g a t i o n a l a i d s ) , (b) d i g i t a l and
a n a l o g c o m p u t e r s , and (c ) i n d u s t r i a l and m e d i c a l m e a s u r i n g and c o n t r o l l i n g
equip m en t.




C l a s s C . A p p l i e s w o r k i n g t e c h n i c a l k n o w l e d g e to p e r f o r m s i m p l e o r
r o u t i n e t a s k s in w o r k i n g on e l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t , f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c ­
t i o n s w h i c h c o v e r v i r t u a l l y a ll p r o c e d u r e s .
W ork ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s such
tasks as:
A s s is t in g h ig h er le v e l te c h n ic ia n s by p e r f o r m in g such a c tiv itie s as
r e p l a c i n g c o m p o n e n t s , w i r i n g c i r c u i t s , and ta k in g t e s t r e a d i n g s ; r e p a i r i n g
s i m p l e e l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t ; and u s i n g t o o l s and c o m m o n t e s t i n s t r u m e n t s
( e . g . , m u l t i m e t e r s , a u d io s i g n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tu b e t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) .
Is not r e q u i r e d t o b e f a m i l i a r w ith th e i n t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s .
Th is
k n o w l e d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y b e a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a s s i g n m e n t s d e s i g n e d to
in c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e (inclu din g c l a s s r o o m
trainin g)
so that w o r k e r c a n
adva n ce to h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n icia n .
R e c e i v e s te c h n ic a l g u id a n ce , as r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h igher
le v e l tech n icia n .
W o r k i s t y p i c a l l y s p o t c h e c k e d , but i s g i v e n d e t a i l e d r e v i e w
when new o r advan ced a s sig n m e n ts are in volved .

R E G IS T E R E D IN D U S T R IA L NURSE

R E G I S T E R E D I N D U S T R I A L N U R S E — C o n t in u e d

A r e g is t e r e d n u rse who g iv e s n ursin g s e r v i c e under g e n e r a l m e d ic a l
d i r e c t i o n to i l l o r in ju r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e i l l o r
s u f f e r an a c c i d e n t o n the p r e m i s e s o f a f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
D u t i e s i n v o l v e a c o m b i n a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : G i v i n g f i r s t a id to the i l l o r
i n j u r e d ; a tt e n d in g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p i n g
r e c o r d s o f patients tr e a t e d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t io n o r

o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t i o n s and h e a lt h e v a l u a t i o n s o f
a p p l i c a n t s and e m p l o y e e s ; and p la n n in g and c a r r y i n g ou t p r o g r a m s i n v o l v i n g
h e a lt h e d u c a t i o n , a c c i d e n t p r e v e n t i o n , e v a l u a t i o n o f pla n t e n v i r o n m e n t , o r
o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g the h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , and s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .
N u r s i n g s u p e r v i s o r s o r h e a d n u r s e s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e th an
one n u rs e a re e x clu d e d .

MAINTENANCE, TOOLROOM, AND POWERPLANT
M AIN TEN AN CE C A R P E N T E R

M A IN T E N A N C E M ACH IN IST

P e r f o r m s t h e c a r p e n t r y d u t i e s n e c e s s a r y t o c o n s t r u c t and m a i n t a i n
in g o o d r e p a i r b u i l d i n g w o o d w o r k and e q u i p m e n t s u c h a s b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s ,
b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d
in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ;
P la n n in g and
la y i n g out o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ;
u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r ' s h a n d t o o l s , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , and s t a n d a r d
m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to d i m e n ­
s i o n s o f w o r k ; and s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s s a r y f o r t h e w o r k .
In g e n e r a l ,
th e w o r k o f th e m a i n t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i ­
e n ce u su ally a c q u ir e d through a f o r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r equivalent train in g
and e x p e r i e n c e .

P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t s and n e w p a r t s in m a k i n g r e p a i r s o f
m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n i c a l e q u i p m e n t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W ork
i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : I n t e r p r e t i n g w r i t t e n i n s t r u c t i o n s and s p e c i ­
f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g and la y i n g ou t o f w o r k ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t ' s
h a n d t o o l s and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t i n g up and o p e r a t i n g
s t a n d a r d m a c h i n e t o o l s ; s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k i n g
stan dard shop co m p u ta tio n s re la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , to o lin g , f e e d s ,
and s p e e d s o f m a c h i n i n g ; k n o w l e d g e o f the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f th e c o m m o n
m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , and e q u i p m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r t h is
w o r k ; and fit t in g and a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n i c a l e q u i p m e n t . In g e n e r a l ,
th e m a c h i n i s t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p
p r a c t ic e u su ally a c q u ir e d through a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r equivalent
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M AIN TEN AN CE E L E C T R IC IA N
M A IN T E N A N C E M ECH AN IC (M a ch in ery)
P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e f u n c t i o n s s u c h a s th e i n s t a l ­
l a t i o n , m a i n t e n a n c e , o r r e p a i r o f e q u i p m e n t f o r the g e n e r a t i o n , d i s t r i b u t i o n ,
o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
In sta llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie t y of e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t such as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w itc h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c ir c u it
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e a t in g u n i t s , c o n d u i t s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n
equipm ent; w ork in g f r o m b lu e p rin ts, d r a w in g s , layou ts, o r oth er s p e c i f i ­
c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g and d i a g n o s i n g t r o u b l e in the e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u i p ­
m e n t ; w o r k i n g s t a n d a r d c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to lo a d r e q u i r e m e n t s o f w i r i n g
o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u i p m e n t ; and u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n ' s h a n d t o o l s and
m e a s u r i n g and t e s t i n g i n s t r u m e n t s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a i n t e n a n c e
e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E M ECH AN IC (M otor V e h ic le s )

M AIN TEN AN CE P A IN TE R

P a in t s and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , and f i x t u r e s o f an e s t a b ­
lish m en t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s th e f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l e d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s
.and t y p e s o f pain t r e q u i r e d f o r d i f f e r e n t a p p l i c a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r
p a in tin g b y r e m o v i n g o l d f i n i s h o r b y p l a c i n g pu tt y o r f i l l e r in n a i l h o l e s and
i n t e r s t i c e s ; and a p p l y i n g p a in t w ith s p r a y gun o r b r u s h .
May m ix c o lo r s ,
o i l s , w h ite l e a d , a nd o t h e r pa in t i n g r e d i e n t s t o o b t a in p r o p e r c o l o r o r
c o n s i s t e n c y . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a i n t e n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .




R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l e q u i p m e n t o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
E x a m i n i n g m a c h i n e s and m e c h a n i c a l
e q u i p m e n t to d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s m a n t l i n g o r p a r t l y d i s m a n t l i n g
m a c h i n e s and p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th at m a i n l y i n v o l v e th e u s e o f h a n d t o o l s in
s c r a p i n g and f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w ith i t e m s
o b t a i n e d f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g th e p r o d u c t i o n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t b y a
m a c h i n e s h o p o r s e n d i n g th e m a c h i n e t o a m a c h i n e s h o p f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ;
p r e p a r i n g w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s o r f o r the p r o d u c t i o n o f
p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h i n e s h o p s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h i n e s ; and m a k i n g a l l
n e c e s s a r y adjustm ents fo r o p e r a tio n .
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f a m a c h i n e r y
m ain ten ance m e ch a n ic
req u ires
r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y
a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i ­
ence.
E x c l u d e d f r o m t h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u t ie s
i n v o l v e s e t t in g up o r a d j u s t i n g m a c h i n e s .

24

R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i l e s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : E x a m i n i n g a u t o m o t i v e e q u i p ­
m e n t to d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u i p m e n t and p e r f o r m i n g
r e p a i r s th at i n v o l v e th e u s e o f s u c h h a n d t o o l s a s w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r i l l s ,
o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u i p m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n
o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r i n d i n g and a d j u s t i n g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g and
i n s t a l l i n g th e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c l e and m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t ­
m e n t s ; and a l i g n i n g w h e e l s , a d j u s t i n g b r a k e s and l i g h t s , o r t i g h t e n i n g b o d y
bo-lts.
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m o t o r v e h i c l e m a i n t e n a n c e m e c h a n i c
r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M otor V e h ic le s)— Continued

M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R (T o o lro o m )

T h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s not i n c l u d e m e c h a n i c s w h o r e p a i r c u s t o m e r s '
v e h i c l e s in a u t o m o b i l e r e p a i r s h o p s .

S p e c i a l i z e s in the o p e r a t i o n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h i n e t o o l s ,
s u c h as j i g b o r e r s , c y l i n d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s ; e n g i n e l a t h e s ; o r m i l l i n g
m a c h i n e s , in the c o n s t r u c t i o n o f m a c h i n e - s h o p t o o l s , g a u g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s ,
o r d ies.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g and p e r f o r m i n g
d iffic u lt m a ch in in g o p e r a t io n s ; p r o c e s s i n g it e m s r e q u ir in g c o m p l i c a t e d setups
o r a hig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u ­
m e n t s ; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s , s p e e d s , t o o l i n g , and o p e r a t i o n s e q u e n c e ; and m a k i n g
n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s d u r i n g o p e r a t i o n to a c h i e v e r e q u i s i t e t o l e r a n c e s o r
d im en sion s.
M a y b e r e q u i r e d to r e c o g n i z e w h e n t o o l s n e e d d r e s s i n g , to
d r e s s t o o l s , and t o s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o l a n t s and cu t t in g and l u b r i c a t i n g o i l s .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s ( t o o l r o o m )
in t o o l and d i e j o b b i n g s h o p s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

M AIN TEN AN CE P IP E F IT T E R
I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r t y p e s o f p ip e and
p i p e f i t t i n g s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
Laying
out w o r k and m e a s u r i n g to l o c a t e p o s i t i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w i n g s o r o t h e r
w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u t t in g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e to c o r r e c t l e n g t h s w ith
c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t i n g m a c h i n e s ; t h r e a d i n g
p ip e w ith s t o c k s and d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n
m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g p ip e w ith c o u p l i n g s and f a s t e n i n g p ip e t o h a n g e r s ;
m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o p r e s s u r e s , f l o w , and s i z e o f
p ip e r e q u i r e d ; and m a k i n g s t a n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r f i n i s h e d p i p e s
m eet sp ecifica tion s.
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a i n t e n a n c e p i p e f i t t e r
r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
W orkers p rim a rily
e n g a g e d in i n s t a l l i n g and r e p a i r i n g b u i l d i n g s a n it a t io n o r h e a t in g s y s t e m s
are ex clu d ed .
M AIN TEN AN CE S H E E T -M E T A L WORKER
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , and m a i n t a i n s in g o o d r e p a i r the s h e e t - m e t a l
e q u i p m e n t and f i x t u r e s ( s u c h a s m a c h i n e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s ,
l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e t a l r o o f i n g ) o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g and l a y in g out a l l t y p e s o f
s h e e t -m e ta l m a in ten ance w o rk fr o m b lu ep rin ts, m o d e ls , o r oth er s p e c i f i ­
c a t i o n s ; s e tt in g up and o p e r a t i n g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k i n g
m a c h i n e s ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d t o o l s in c u t t i n g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g ,
fit t in g , and a s s e m b l i n g ; and i n s t a l l i n g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u i r e d .
In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a i n t e n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M ILLW RIGHT

I n s t a l l s n e w m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u i p m e n t , and d i s m a n t l e s and
i n s t a l l s m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u i p m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s in the pla n t la y o u t a r e
requ ired .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g ;
P la n n in g and l a y i n g out
w o r k ; i n t e r p r e t i n g b l u e p r i n t s o r .o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d t o o l s and r i g g i n g ; m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; a li g n i n g and b a l a n c i n g e q u i p ­
m e n t ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d t o o l s , e q u i p m e n t , and p a r t s to b e u s e d ; and i n s t a l l i n g
and m a i n t a i n i n g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u i p m e n t s u c h as d r i v e s
and s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , the m i l l w r i g h t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a
r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e in the t r a d e a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M AIN TEN AN CE TRA DE S H ELPE R
A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s , b y
p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c o r g e n e r a l d u t i e s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u c h as k e e p i n g a
w o r k e r s u p p l i e d w ith m a t e r i a l s and t o o l s ; c l e a n i n g w o r k i n g a r e a , m a c h i n e ,
and e q u i p m e n t ; a s s i s t i n g j o u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r t o o l s ; and p e r ­
fo r m in g o th e r u n sk illed ta sk s as d ir e c t e d by jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e kin d o f w o r k
the h e l p e r i s p e r m i t t e d t o p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e t o t r a d e :
In s o m e
t r a d e s th e h e l p e r i s c o n f i n e d t o s u p p l y i n g , l if t in g , and h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s and
t o o l s , and c l e a n i n g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; and in o t h e r s he i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m
s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th at a r e a l s o p e r f o r m e d
b y w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .




T O O L A N D DIE M A K E R
C o n s t r u c t s and r e p a i r s m a c h i n e - s h o p t o o l s , g a u g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s
o r d i e s f o r f o r g i n g s , p u n c h i n g , and o t h e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W ork
i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g and l a y i n g out w o r k a c c o r d i n g to
m o d e l s , b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , o r o t h e r o r a l and w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s i n g
a v a r i e t y o f t o o l and d ie m a k e r ' s h a n d t o o l s and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u ­
m e n t s ; u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s and a l l o y s ;
s e t t i n g up and o p e r a t i n g o f m a c h i n e t o o l s and r e l a t e d e q u i p m e n t ; m a k i n g
n e c e s s a r y shop co m p u ta tion s relatin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o rk , s p e e d s , fe e d s ,
and t o o l i n g o f m a c h i n e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r i c a t i o n a s
w e l l a s o f f i n i s h e d t o o l s and d i e s t o a c h i e v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o r k i n g to
c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; f it t in g and a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s
and a l l o w a n c e s ; and s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r i a t e m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , and p r o c e s s e s .
In g e n e r a l , th e t o o l and d ie m a k e r ' s w o r k r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g in
m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m
p r a c t i c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d through a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , t o o l and d ie m a k e r s in
t o o l and d i e j o b b i n g s h o p s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

S T A T IO N A R Y ENGIN EER
O p e r a t e s and m a i n t a i n s and ’m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e the o p e r a t i o n o f
s t a t i o n a r y e n g i n e s and e q u i p m e n t ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p p ly the
e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h i c h e m p l o y e d w ith p o w e r , h e at, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r conditionin g.
W ork in v olv es:
O p e r a t i n g and m a i n t a i n i n g e q u i p m e n t s u c h as
s te a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , tu rb in e s , ventilating
and r e f r i g e r a t i n g e q u i p m e n t ,
s t e a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ;
m a k i n g e q u i p m e n t r e p a i r s ; and k e e p i n g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t i o n o f m a c h i n e r y ,
t e m p e r a t u r e , and f u e l c o n s u m p t i o n .
M ay a lso su p e rv ise these o p eration s.
H e a d o r c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e tha n o n e e n g i n e e r
a re exclu ded .

BOILER TEN DE R
F ires
s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n i s h the e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h i c h
e m p l o y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r , o r
steam .
F e e d s f u e l s to f i r e b y hand o r
o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n i c a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; and c h e c k s w a t e r and
sa fety v a lv e s .
M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u i p m e n t .

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
TRUCKDRIVER

W A R E H O U S E M A N — Continued

D r i v e s a t r u c k within a c it y o r in d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e ­
r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e , e q u ip m e n t, or w o r k e r s b e tw e e n v a r i o u s t y p e s of e s t a b ­
lish m en ts such as:
M anufacturing plants, freight depots, w a r e h o u se s, w h o le ­
s a le and
retail
establishm ents,
or
between r e t a i l
establishm ents
and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p l a c e s of b u s i n e s s .
M a y a l s o load or unload t r u c k with
o r without h e l p e r s , m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p t r u c k in good
w o r k i n g
order. - Sales-route
and
over-the-road
drivers
are
excluded.

E x c lu d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u tie s in v o lv e shipping and r e c e i v i n g
w o r k ( s e e S h ip pin g and R e c e i v i n g C l e r k and S h ip pin g P a c k e r ) , o r d e r fil lin g
(see O rd er F ille r), or operating pow er tru cks (see P o w e r - T r u c k O perator).

ORDER FILLER
Fills
shipping or tr a n s fe r o r d e r s for finished goods fr o m stored
m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d a n c e w it h s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s ,
custom ers'
o r d e r s , or other instructions.
M a y , in a d d it io n to f i l l i n g o r d e r s and i n d i ­
ca tin g i t e m s fille d o r o m it te d , k e e p r e c o r d s of outgoin g o r d e r s , r e q u is it io n
a d d i t i o n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p l i e s to s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m o t h e r
related duties.

F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e a n d
t y p e of e q u i p m e n t , as f o l l o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u l d be r a t e d on t h e b a s i s
of tr a ile r capacity.)
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,

light t r u c k (under I V 2 tons)
m e d i u m t r u c k (1 V2 t o a n d i n c l u d i n g 4 t o n s )
h e a v y t r u c k (tra ile r) ( o v e r 4 tons)
h e a v y t r u c k (other than t r a i l e r ) (o ve r 4 tons)

SHIPPING P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s fin ish ed p r o d u c t s fo r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e by p la c in g t h e m
in shipping c o n t a i n e r s , the s p e c if ic o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b ein g d ep e n d e n t upon
the t y p e , s i z e , and n u m b e r of u nits to be p a c k e d , the t y p e o f c o n t a i n e r
e m p lo y e d , and m e t h o d of sh ip m e n t.
W o r k r e q u i r e s t h e p l a c i n g o f i t e m s in
s h ip p i n g c o n t a i n e r s and m a y i n v o l v e on e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
Knowledge
of v a r i o u s i t e m s of stock in o r d e r to v e r i f y content; s e le c t io n of a p p r o p r ia t e
t y p e and s i z e o f c o n t a i n e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s i n g e x c e l s i o r
o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g and s e a l i n g c o n ­
t a i n e r ; a n d a p p l y i n g l a b e l s o r e n t e r i n g i d e n t i f y i n g d a t a on c o n t a i n e r .
Packers
who also m a k e wooden b oxes or c r a t e s a re e x c lu d e d .

SHIPPING AN D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h i p m e n t , o r r e c e i v e s and i s r e s p o n s i b l e
for incom ing shipm ents of m erch a n d is e or other m a te r ia ls .
Shipping w o r k
involves:
A k n o w le d g e of shipping p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , ro u t e s , a v a ila b le
m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , and r a t e s ; and p r e p a r i n g r e c o r d s o f the g o o d s
s h i p p e d , m a k i n g up b i l l s o f l a d i n g , p o s t i n g w e i g h t a nd s h i p p i n g c h a r g e s , and
k ee p in g a file of shipping r e c o r d s .
M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g the
m erc h a n d is e for shipm ent.
Receiving work in vo lves:
Verifying or directing
o t h e r s in v e r i f y i n g t h e c o r r e c t n e s s of s h i p m e n t s a g a i n s t b i l l s of l a d in g ,
i n v o i c e s , o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k i n g f o r s h o r t a g e s and r e j e c t i n g d a m a g e d
g o o d s ; r o u t i n g m e r c h a n d i s e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; and m a i n ­
t a in in g n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and f i l e s .
For

wage

study

purposes,

workers

are

classified

as

M A T E R I A L HANDLING L A B O R E R
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r in g plant, s t o r e , or
other
establishm ent
w h o s e d u t i e s i n v o l v e o n e o r m o r e of t he f o l l o w i n g :
L o a d i n g and u n l o a d i n g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s and m e r c h a n d i s e on o r f r o m f r e i g h t
c a r s , tru ck s, or other transpo rtin g d ev ice s; unpacking, shelving, or placing
m aterials
or
m erchandise
in
proper
storage
l o c a t i o n ; and t r a n s p o r t i n g
m a t e r i a ls or m e r c h a n d is e by handtruck, c a r , or w h e e lb a rro w .
Longshore
w o r k e r s , w h o lo a d and u n l o a d s h i p s , a r e e x c lu d ed .

follows:

Shipping c l e r k
Receiving clerk
Shipping and r e c e i v i n g c l e r k

WAREHOUSEMAN
POW ER-TRUCK OPERATOR
A s d i r e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y of w a r e h o u s in g duties w h ich r e q u i r e
an u n d e r s t a n d i n g of th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t ' s s t o r a g e p l a n .
Work involves m ost
of the follow in g:
V e r if y in g m a t e r i a l s (or m e r c h a n d i s e ) a gain st re c e iv in g
d o c u m e n t s , "noling and r e p o r t i n g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and o b v i o u s d a m a g e s ; ro u t in g
m a t e r i a l s to p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n s ; s t o r i n g , s t a c k i n g , o r p a l l e t i z i n g
m a t e r i a l s in a c c o r d a n c e w i t h p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m e t h o d s ; r e a r r a n g i n g and
t a k i n g inventory
of stored
m ateria ls; examining
stored
m aterials
and
r e p o r t in g d e t e r i o r a t io n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v i n g m a t e r i a l fr o m
s t o r a g e and
p r e p a r i n g it f o r s h i p m e n t .
M a y o p e r a t e hand o r p o w e r t r u c k s in p e r f o r m i n g
w arehousing

O perates a m anually controlled gasoline- or electric-p o w ered truck
o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t g o o d s and m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k in d s ab ou t a w a r e h o u s e ,
m an u factu rin g plant, or other estab lishm ent.

truck,

workers

are

classified

Forklift operator
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r (other than forklift)

duties.




F o r wage study p u rp o se s,
as follows:

26

by type

of pow er-

G UAR D A N D W A T C H M A N

JAN ITO R ,

G u ard.
P e r f o r m s r o u tin e p o l i c e d u t ie s , e it h e r at f ix e d p o s t o r on
t o u r , m a in ta in in g o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s
g u a r d s w h o a r e s ta t io n e d at g a te and c h e c k on id e n t it y o f e m p lo y e e s and
o t h e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .

C le a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d it io n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l
o r o th e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g c h ip s , t r a s h ,
and o t h e r r e f u s e ; d u s tin g e q u ip m e n t, f u r n it u r e , o r f ix t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l
f ix t u r e s o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p lie s and m i n o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ;
and c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s w ho s p e c i a l i z e
in w in d o w w a s h in g a r e e x c l u d e d .

W a tc h m a n .
M akes rou nd s o f p r e m is e s
p r o p e r t y a g a in s t f i r e , th e ft , and i l l e g a l e n t r y .




p e r io d ic a lly

in

p r o t e c t in g

27

P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R

Available On Request
The fo llo w in g a r e a s a r e s u r v e y e d p e r io d ic a lly f o r u s e in a d m in is te r in g the S e r v ic e C o n tra ct A c t
av a ila b le at no c o s t fr o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l o f fi c e s show n on the b a ck c o v e r .
A la s k a
A lb a n y , Ga.
A lb u q u e rq u e , N. M ex.
A le x a n d r ia , La.
A lp e n a , Stan d ish , and T a w as C ity , M ich .
Ann A r b o r , M ich .
A s h e v ille , N .C .
A tlan tic C ity , N .J.
A u gu sta, G a.—S.C .
B a k e r s fie ld , C a lif.
Baton R o u ge , La.
B a ttle C r e e k , M ich .
B eaum ont—P o r t A rth u x ^ O ra n g e , T ex.
B ilo x i— u lfp o rt and P a s c a g o u la , M is s .
G
B o is e C ity , Idaho
B r e m e r t o n , W ash.
B r id g e p o r t , N o rw a lk , and S ta m fo r d , Conn.
B ru n s w ick , Ga.
B u rlin g to n , Vt.—N .Y .
C ape C o d , M a ss.
C e d a r R a p id s, Iowa
Ch am paign—Urbana— antoul, 111.
R
C h a r le s to n , S.C .
C h a rlo tte —G asto n ia , N .C .
C h eyen n e, W yo.
C la r k s v ille —H o p k in s v ille , Tenn.— y .
K
C o lo r a d o S p rin g s, C o lo .
C o lu m b ia , S.C.
C o lu m b u s , G a.— la .
A
C o lu m b u s , M is s .
C r a n e , Ind.
D e ca tu r, 111.
D es M o in e s , Iowa
D othan, A la .
Duluth— u p e r io r , M inn.—W is.
S
El P a s o , T e x ., and A la m o g o r d o —Las C r u c e s , N. M ex.
Eugene—S p r in g fie ld , O re g .
F a y e tt e v ille , N.C.
F itc h b u r g —L e o m in s t e r , M a s s .
F o r t Sm ith, A r k .—O kla.
F o r t W ayne, Ind.
F r e d e r i c k — a g e r s to w n , M d.— h a m b e r s b u r g , P a .—
H
C
M a r tin s b u r g , W. V a.
G adsden and A n n is to n , A la .
G o ld s b o r o , N .C .
G rand Island— astin gs, N e b r.
H
G re a t F a lls , M ont.
G uam , T e r r i t o r y o f
H a r ris b u r g —Lebanon, Pa.
Huntington— sh la n d , W. Va.— y.—
A
K
Ohio
K n o x v ille , Tenn.
La C r o s s e , W is.
L a red o, T ex.
Las V e g a s , Nev.
Law ton, O kla.
L im a , O hio
L ittle R o ck —N orth L ittle R o c k , A r k .

of

1965.

S u rvey r e s u lts a r e p u b lish ed

in r e le a s e s w h ich , w h ile su p p lies

la s t ,

a re o r w ill be

L o g a n sp o rt—P e r u , Ind.
L o ra in — ly r ia , O hio
E
L o w e r E a s te r n S h o r e , M d.—V a.—D el.
L yn ch b u rg , Va.
M a co n , Ga.
M a d iso n , W is.
M a n s fie ld , O hio
M a rq u ette, E s ca n a b a , Sault Ste. M a r ie , M ich .
M cA lle n —Pharr^-Edinburg and B r o w n s v ille —
H arlin gen —
San B e n ito , T e x .
M e d fo rd — lam ath F a lls — rants P a s s , O re g .
K
G
M e r id ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , M onm outh, and O cean C o s ., N .J.
M o b ile and P e n s a c o la , A la .—F la .
M o n tg o m e r y , A la.
N a sh v ille —D a v id so n , Tenn.
New B ern—J a c k s o n v ille , N .C .
N ew London—N o r w ic h , C onn.—R .I.
N orth D akota, State o f
O rla n d o , F la .
O x n a r d —S im i V a l l e y —V e n t u r a ,

C a lif.

Panam a C ity , F la .
P a r k e r s b u r g —M a rie tta , W. Va.— hio
O
P e o r ia , 111.
P h o e n ix , A r iz .
P ine B lu ff, A r k .
P o c a t e llo —
Idaho F a lls , Idaho
P o r ts m o u th , N .H.—M aine—M a s s .
P u e b lo , C o lo .
P u e rto R ic o
R en o, N ev.
R ich lan d — en n ew ick—W alla W alla—
K
P en d le to n , W ash.—O re g .
R iv e r side—San B e r n a rd in o — n ta rio, C a lif.
O
Salina, K ans.
Salinas— e a sid e —M o n te r e y , C a lif.
S
Sandusky, O hio
Santa B a rb a ra —
Santa M aria—L o m p o c , C a lif.
Savannah, Ga.
S e lm a , A la .
Sherm an—D e n is o n , T e x .
S h r e v e p o rt, La.
Sioux F a lls , S. Dak.
Spokane, W ash.
S p r in g fie ld , 111.
S p r in g fie ld — h ic o p e e —H o ly o k e , M a s s .—
C
Conn.
Stock ton , C a lif.
T a c o m a , W ash.
Tam pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F la .
T o p e k a , K ans.
T u c s o n , A r iz .
T u ls a , O kla.
V a lle jo — a ir fie ld — apa, C a lif.
F
N
W aco and K ille e n —T e m p le , T ex .
W a te rlo o — e d a r F a lls , Iow a
C
W est T e x a s P la in s
W ilm in gton , D e l.—N .J.— d.
M

An annual r e p o r t on s a la r ie s fo r a c c o u n ta n ts , a u d it o r s , c h ie f a cco u n ta n ts , a t t o r n e y s , jo b a n a ly s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l, b u y e r s , c h e m is t s , e n g in e e r s , en g in e e r in g te c h n icia n s
d r a f t e r s , and
c le r i c a l e m p lo y e e s is a v a ila b le .
O r d e r as B L S B u lle tin 1891, N ational S u rv e y o f P r o f e s s io n a l, A d m in is t r a tiv e , T e c h n ic a l, and C l e r i c a l P a y , M a rch 197 5, $ 1 .3 0 a c o p y , fr o m any o f the BLS r e g io n a l s a le s
o f fi c e s shown on the back c o v e r , o r fr o m the S u p erintenden t o f D o cu m e n ts , U.S. G ov e rn m e n t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington, D .C . 20402.







Area Wage Surveys
A list o f the latest available bulletins is presented below. A d irectory of area wage studies including m ore lim ited studies conducted at the request ot tne
Employment Standards Administration of the U.S. Department of Labor is available on request. Bulletins m ay be purchased fro m any o f the BLS regional offices shown
on the back cov er o r from the Superintendent of Docum ents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington, D.C. 20402
A rea
A k ro n , O h io, D e c . 1975______________________________________________
A lban y— ch en ectady— r o y , N .Y ., Sept. 1 9 7 5 1______________________
S
T
A n ah eim —
Santa A n a -G a r d e n G ro v e , C a lif., O ct. 197 51___________
A tlanta, G a „
M ay 1976___________________________________________
A u stin , T e x .,
D e c . 1 97 51 _________________________________________
B a lt im o r e , M d., A u g. 19 7 5 1 ________________________________________
B illin g s , M on t., J u ly 1976___________________________________________
B ingh am ton , N .Y < -P a ,, J u ly 1975 __________________________________
B irm in g h a m , A la ., M a r . 19 7 6 1_____________________________________
B o s to n , M a s s ., A u g. 1 9 7 5 1_________________________________________
B u ffa lo , N .Y ., O ct.
1 9 7 5 1_________________________________________
C anton, O h io, M ay
19 7 6 __________________________________________
C h attanooga, Tenn.— a ., Sept. 1 9 7 5 * ______________________________
G
C h ic a g o , 111., M ay 1976______________________________________________
C in cin n a ti, O hio— y.—Ind., M a r . 197 6______________________________
K
C le v e la n d , O h io, Sept. 197 5_________________________________________
C o lu m b u s, O h io, O ct. 1 9 7 5 1 ________________________________________
C o rp u s C h r is t i, T e x ., J u ly 1976____________________________________
D a lla s - F o r t W orth , T e x ., O ct. 1 9 7 5 * ______________________________
D a v e n p o r t -R o c k Island— o lin e , I o w a -I ll., F e b . 1976____________
M
D ayton, O h io, D e c . 1975_____________________________________________
D aytona B e a ch , F la ., A u g. 1976_____________________________________
D enver—B o u ld e r , C o lo ., D e c . 197 5_________________________________
D e tr o it, M ic h ., M a r . 1 9 7 6 1__________________________________________
F o r t L a u d e r d a le -H o lly w o o d and W est P a lm B e a c b B o c a R aton , F la ., A p r . 197 6_________ ____________ ____ ___________
F r e s n o , C a lif., June 19 7 6 _______ ___________________________ _______
G a in e s v ille , F la ., Sept. 1975___________________________ _____________
G re e n B ay, W is ., J u ly 1976.________________________________________
G r e e n s b o r o — in s to n -S a le m —
W
High P o in t, N .C ., A ug. 1976_______
G r e e n v ille — partan burg, S .C ., June 1976 1________________________
S
H a r tfo r d , C on n ., M a r . 197 6 ________________________________________
H ouston, T e x ., A p r . 197 6________________________________________ ___
H u n tsv ille . A la ., F e b . 1976 _________________________________________
In d ian ap olis, Ind., O c t . 1 9 7 5 1 ______________________________________
J a c k s o n , M is s ., F e b . 1976___________________________________________
J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., D e c . 1975_______________________________________
K a n sa s C ity, M o.— a n s ., Sept. 197 5_______________________________
K
L exin gton — a y e tte , K y ., N ov. 1 9 7 5 1_______________________________
F
L o s A n g e le s —L on g B e a ch , C a lif., O ct. 1975 1 _____________________
L o u is v ille , Ky*—
Ind., N o v . 197 5_____________________________________
M e lb o u rn e — it u s v ille — o c o a , F la ., A u g. 197 5____________________
T
C
M e m p h is , T en n,— r k .— is s ., N o v. 1975___________________________
A
M

* Prices are determ in ed by the G overn m en t Printing O ffic e and are su bject to change.
* Data on establishm ent p ra ctices and supplem entary w age provisions are also presented.

Bulletin number
and p rice *
1 85 0-8 0.
1 8 5 0 -6 3 ,
1 8 5 0 -7 5 ,
1 9 0 0 -3 0 ,
1 8 5 0 -8 3 ,
1 8 5 0 -6 2 ,
1 9 0 0 -3 9 ,
1 8 5 0 -5 0 ,
1 9 0 0 -1 1 ,
1 8 5 0 -5 8 ,
1 8 5 0 -6 9 ,
1 9 0 0 -2 8 ,
1 8 5 0 -6 7 ,
1 9 0 0 -3 2 ,
19 0 0 -7 ,
1 8 5 0 -6 4 ,
1 8 5 0 -7 8 ,
1 9 0 0 -4 1 ,
1 8 5 0 -5 9 ,
1 9 0 0 -2 5 ,
1 8 5 0 -7 3 ,
1 9 0 0 -4 5 ,
1 8 5 0 -8 2 ,
1 9 0 0 -1 5 ,

45 cen ts
$ 1 .2 0
85 cen ts
85 ce n ts
75 cen ts
$ 1 .3 0
55 cents
65 cen ts
95 cen ts
$ 1 .5 0
95 ce n ts
55 cen ts
85 cen ts
$1.05
75 cents
$ 1 .3 0
95 cents
55 cen ts
$ 1 .5 0
55 cen ts
45 cen ts
45 cen ts
75 cen ts
$ 1 .2 5

190 0 -2 0 , 55 cents
190 0 -2 9 , 55 ce n ts
1 8 5 0 -5 7 , $ 1 .1 0
19 0 0 -3 7 , 55 ce n ts
1 9 0 0 -4 7 , 65 cen ts
190 0 -3 6 , 85 cen ts
1 9 0 0 -1 4 , 55 cen ts
1 9 0 0 -2 6 , 85 cen ts
19 0 0 -1 7 , 55 cen ts
1 8 5 0 -6 6 , 95 cen ts
1 9 0 0 -8 , 55 cen ts
1 8 5 0 -8 1 , 45 cen ts
1 8 5 0 -5 5 , 80 cen ts
1 8 5 0 -8 4 , 75 cen ts
1 8 5 0 -8 6 , $ 1 .1 5
1 8 5 0 -7 9 , 45 cen ts
1 8 5 0 -5 4 , 65 ce n ts
1 8 5 0 -8 5 , 45 ce n ts

A rea
M ia m i, F la ., O ct. 1975______________________________________________
M ilw a u k ee, W is ., A p r . 197 6________________________________________
M in n ea p olis—
St. P a u l, M inn,— is ., Jan. 1976_____________________
W
N a s s a u -S u ffo lk , N .Y ., June 1976____________________________________
N ew ark , N .J ., Jan . 1976___________________________ ______________ ___
N ew O rle a n s , L a ., Jan . 1976______________________________ __,_______
N ew Y o r k , N .Y ^ N .J ., M ay 1 9 7 5 1__________________________________
N orfolk — ir g in ia B e a c h -P o r t s m o u t h , V a .— .C ., M ay 1 9 7 6 1_____
V
N
N o rfo lk — ir g in ia B e a ch — o rts m o u th and N ew p ort N ew s—
V
P
H am pton, V a.— .C ., M ay 1976 1 ......................................
N
N o rth e a st P e n n sy lv a n ia , A u g. 1976_________________________________
O k la h om a C ity, O k la ., A u g. 1976___________________________
O m aha, N e b r —Iow a, O ct. 1975______________________________________
P a t e r s o n - C l i ft o n - P a s s a i c , N .J ., June 1976________________________
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a ,— .J ., N ov. 197 5__________________________________
N
P itts b u rg h , P a ., Jan . 1 9 7 6 * ________________________________________
P o r tla n d , M ain e, N ov. 1975________________________________________
P o r tla n d , O r e g ,— ash ., M ay 197 5_________________________________
W
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N .Y ., June 1 9 7 5 1 ___________________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie — in gston — ew burgh, N .Y ., June 1 97 51____________
K
N
P r o v id e n c e -W a r w ic k —P a w tu ck et, R .I —M a s s ., June 1976________
R a le ig h — urham , N .C ., F e b . 197 6 ___ __ __________________ __ ______
D
R ich m o n d , V a ., June 1976___________________________________________
St. L o u is , M o ,—
111., M a r . 1 9 7 6 1 ____________________________________
S a cra m e n to , C a lif., D e c . 197 5______________________________________
Saginaw , M ic h ., N ov. 197 5__________________________________________
Salt L ake City— gden, Utah, N ov. 1 9 7 5 1___________________________
O
San A n to n io , T e x ., M ay 1 97 6________________________________________
San D ie g o , C a lif., N ov. 1975_________________________________________
San F r a n c is c o — akland, C a lif., M a r . 19 7 6 __ _____________________
O
San J o s e , C a lif., M a r . 1976________________________________________
S e a ttle -E v e r e tt, W a s h ., Jan. 1 97 6_________________________________
South Ben d, Ind., M a r . 197 6_________________________________________
S ta m fo rd , C on n ., M ay 197 6*______________________________________
S y r a c u s e , N .Y ., J u ly 1976_____________________________________ _____
T o le d o , O h io— ic h ., M ay 1976________________________________ ____
M
T re n to n , N .J ., Sept. 1 9 7 5 1__________________________________________
U tic a -R o m e , N .Y ., Ju ly 1 9 7 5 1_____________________________________
W ashington, D .C ,— d,— a ., M a r . 1976____________________________
M
V
W e s t c h e s te r C ou nty, N .Y ., M ay 1976______________________________
W ich ita , K a n s ., A p r . 1976___________________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., A p r. 19 7 6 ______________________________________
Y o r k , P a ., F e b . 197 6________________________________________________

Bulletin number
and p rice *
18 5 0 -7 6 , 95 cen ts
190 0 -2 2 , 85 cents
19 0 0 -3 , 95 cen ts
1 9 0 0 -3 5 ,
85 cen ts
190 0 -1 0 , 85 cen ts
1 90 0-2 ,
75 cen ts
18 5 0 -4 5 , $ 1 .1 0
1 9 0 0 -2 7 , 85 cents
190 0 -3 3 ,
19 0 0 -4 3 ,
65 cen ts
190 0 -4 2 ,
185 0-5 6,
$ 1 .1 0
190 0-3 8,
55 cen ts
185 0 -6 5 ,
85 cen ts
1 90 0-1 , $ 1 .1 5
1 85 0-7 2, 45 cen ts
18 5 0 -4 0 , 75 cen ts
1 85 0-7 0, 65 cen ts
1 85 0-6 8, 75 cen ts
1 9 0 0 -3 1 , 75 cen ts
1 90 0-1 8, 55 cen ts
1 9 0 0 -3 4 , 65 cen ts
1 90 0-1 9, $ 1 .2 5
1 85 0-8 7, 45 cen ts
185 0 -7 1 , 35 cen ts
1 85 0-7 4, 75 cen ts
1 90 0-2 3, 65 cents
1 85 0-7 7, 45 cen ts
1 90 0-9 , 95 cen ts
1 9 0 0 -1 3 , 75 cen ts
1 90 0-6 , 65 cen ts
1 90 0-5 , 55 cen ts
190 0-4 0, 85 cen ts
1 9 0 0 -4 4 , 55 cen ts
190 0 -2 4 , 55 cen ts
185 0 -6 0 , $ 1 .2 0
185 0 -4 8 , 80 cents
190 0 -1 2 , '85 cents
190 0 -4 6 , 55 cen ts
1 9 0 0 -2 1 , 55 cents
190 0 -1 6 , 55 cen ts
1 90 0-4 , 55 cen ts

85 cen ts
55 cen ts

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

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Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
R e g io n I

R e g io n II

R e g io n I I I

R e g io n IV

1 6 0 3 J F K F e d e ra l B u ild in g
G o v e r n m e n t C e n te r
B o s to n , M a s s . 0 2 2 0 3
P h o n e : 2 2 3 -6 7 6 1 (A re a C o d e 6 1 7 )

S u ite 3 4 0 0
1 5 1 5 B ro a d w a y
N e w Y o rk , N .Y . 1 0 0 3 6
P h o n e : 9 7 1 -5 4 0 5 (A re a C o d e 2 1 2 )

3 5 3 5 M a rk e t S tre e t,
P .O . B o x 1 3 3 09
P h ila d e lp h ia , Pa. 19101
P h o n e : 5 9 6 -1 1 5 4 (A re a C o d e 2 1 5 )

S u ite 5 4 0
1371 P e a c h tre e S t., N .E .
A t la n ta , G a . 3 0 3 0 9
P h o n e : 5 2 6 -5 4 1 8 (A re a C o d e 4 0 4 )

C o n n e c t ic u t
M a in e
M a s s a c h u s e tts
N e w H a m p s h ir e
R h o d e Is la n d
V e rm o n t

N e w J e rs e y
N e w Y o rk
P u e rto R ic o
V ir g in Is la n d s

D e la w a re
D is t r ic t o f C o lu m b ia
M a ry la n d
P e n n s y lv a n ia
V ir g in ia
W e s t V ir g in ia

A la b a m a
F lo rid a
G e o r g ia
K e n tu c k y
M is s is s ip p i
N o rth C a ro lin a
S o u th C a r o lin a
Tennessee

R e g io n V
9 th F lo o r, 2 3 0 S. D e a rb o rn S t.
C h ic a g o , III. 6 0 6 0 4
P h o n e : 3 5 3 -1 8 8 0 (A re a C o d e 3 1 2 )
I lli n o i s
In d ia n a
M ic h ig a n
M in n e s o ta
O h io
W is c o n s in




.R e g io n V I

R e g io n s V I I a n d V I I I

R e g io n s IX a n d X

S e c o n d F lo o r
5 5 5 G r iff in S q u a re B u ild in g
D a lla s , T e x. 7 5 2 0 2
P h o n e : 7 4 9 -3 5 1 6 (A re a C o d e 2 1 4 )

F e d e ra l O ffic e B u ild in g
911 W a ln u t S t., 1 5 th F lo o r
K a n s a s C ity , M o . 6 4 1 0 6
P h o n e : 3 7 4 -2 4 8 1 (A re a C o d e 8 1 6 )

4 5 0 G o ld e n G a te A ve .
B ox 36017
S a n F ra n c is c o , C a lif . 9 4 1 0 2
P h o n e : 5 5 6 -4 6 7 8 (A re a C o d e 4 1 5 )

A rk a n s a s
L o u is ia n a
N e w M e x ic o
O k la h o m a
Texas

V II
Io w a
K ansas
M is s o u r i
N e b ra s k a

IX
A r iz o n a
C a lif o r n ia
H a w a ii
N evada

V III
C o lo r a d o
M o n ta n a
N o rth D a k o ta
S o u th D a k o ta
U ta h
W y o m in g

X
A la s k a
Id a h o
O re g o n
W a s h in g to n


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