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Area Wage Survey
Stamford, Connecticut, Metropolitan Area, May 1976
Bulletin 1900-40




Preface
T h is b u lletin p r o v id e s r e s u lts of a M ay 1976 su r v e y of
o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in gs and su p p lem en ta ry w age b en efits in thei
S tam ford , C on n ecticu t, Standard M etrop olita n S ta tistic a l A r e a
(the c ity o f S ta m ford ; and the tow ns o f D arien , G reenw ich', and
New Canaan in F a ir fie ld County).
The su r v e y w as m ade as p a rt
o f the B ureau o f L a b or S ta tis tic s ' annual a r e a w age su r v e y
p rog ra m ,) w h ich is d e s ig n e d to y ie ld data f o r in div idu al m e t r o ­
p o lita n a r e a s as w e ll as national and r e g io n a l e stim a te s f o r a ll
Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a s in the United States,
ex clu d in g A la sk a and H awaii.

A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in the a re a w age su r v e y p r o g r a m
is the n eed to d e s c r ib e the le v e l and m ov em en t o f w ages in a
v a r ie ty of la b o r m a rk e ts , th rough the a n a ly sis o f (1) the le v e l
and d is trib u tio n o f w a g es b y occu p a tion , and (2) the m ov em en t
o f w ag es b y o ccu p a tio n a l c a te g o r y and s k ill le v e l.
The p r o g r a m
d e v e lo p s in fo rm a tio n that m a y be u se d f o r m any p u r p o s e s , in ­
clu d in g w age and s a la r y a d m in istra tion , c o lle c t iv e b a rgain in g,
and a s s is ta n c e in d e te rm in in g plant lo ca tio n .
S u rvey r e s u lts also/
a r e u se d b y the U.S. D ep artm en t of L a b or to m ake w age d e t e r ­
m in a tion s under the S e r v ic e C o n tra ct A c t of 1965.
C u rren tly , 84 a r e a s a r e in clu ded in the p r o g r a m .
(See
lis t o f a r e a s on in sid e b a ck c o v e r .)
In e a ch a r e a , o ccu p a tio n a l




earn in g s data a re c o lle c t e d annually.
In form a tion on e s t a b lis h ­
m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age b en efits is obtain ed e v e r y
th ird y e a r .
E a ch y e a r a fte r a ll in d iv id u al a r e a w age su rv e y s have
b een co m p le te d , tw o su m m a r y b u lletin s a r e is s u e d .
The f i r s t
b r in g s to g e th e r data f o r ea ch m e tro p o lita n a r e a s u rv e y e d ; the
se c o n d p r e s e n ts n ation a l and r e g io n a l e s tim a te s , p r o je c t e d f r o m
in d iv id u al m e tro p o lita n a re a data.
The S ta m fo rd s u r v e y w as con d u cted b y the B u re a u 's
r e g io n a l o ffic e in B oston , M a s s ., u nder the g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n of
P a u l V. M ulkern , A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l C o m m is s io n e r fo r O p e r ­
ation s.
The s u r v e y co u ld n ot have b een a c c o m p lis h e d w ithout
the c o o p e r a tio n o f the m any fir m s w h ose w age and s a la r y data
p r o v id e d the b a s is f o r the s t a t is t ic a l in fo rm a tio n in this bu lletin .
The B u reau w ish e s to e x p r e s s s in c e r e a p p re c ia tio n f o r the c o o p ­
e r a tio n r e c e iv e d .

Note:
A v a ila b le f o r the S ta m fo rd a r e a a r e lis tin g s o f union
w age ra tes f o r bu ild in g tr a d e s , p rin tin g tr a d e s, lo c a l-t r a n s it
op era tin g e m p lo y e e s , lo c a l tr u c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s , and g r o c e r y
s t o r e e m p lo y e e s .
F r e e c o p ie s of th ese a r e a v a ila b le fr o m the
B u re a u 's re g io n a l o ffic e s .
(See b a ck c o v e r f o r a d d r e s s e s .)

Bulletin 1900-40

A rea W age Survey:

October 1976

Stam ford, Connecticut,
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, W. J. Usery, Jr., Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS, Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

M etropolitan A rea
M ay 1976

Contents
I n t r o d u c t i o n _______________________________________

Page
2

Page
T a b le s— Continued
B.

T a b le s :
A.

E arnin gs:
A - l . W eek ly earnin gs of o f f i c e w o r k e r s . . . 3
A - 2 . W eek ly earnin gs o f p r o f e s s i o n a l
and te c h n ic a l w o r k e r s ______________ 5
A - 3 . A v e r a g e w eek ly earnin gs o f o f f i c e ,
p r o f e s s i o n a l , and te c h n ic a l
w o r k e r s , by s e x ____________________ 6
A - 4 . H ou rly earnin gs o f m a in ten an ce,
t o o l r o o m , and powerplant
w o r k e r s ______________________________ 7
A - 5 . H ou rly earnin gs o f m a te r ia l
m ov em en t and cu s tod ia l
w o r k e r s ______________________________
8
A - 6 . A v e r a g e h ou r ly earnin gs of
m a in ten an ce, t o o l r o o m , p o w e r plant, m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t , and
c u s to d ia l w o r k e r s , by s e x __________ 9
A - 7 . P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s in a v er a g e
h ou r ly earnin gs fo r se le ct e d
o c cu p a t io n a l g r o u p s , adjusted
f o r em p loym en t s h i f t s _______________ 10




E s ta blish m en t p r a c t i c e s and
su pplem en tary w age p r o v i s io n s :
B - l . M in im u m en tran ce s a la r ie s
f o r in e x p e rie n c e d typis ts
and c l e r k s ____________________________11
B - 2 . Late shift pay p r o v i s io n s fo r
f u l l - t i m e m anufacturin g plant
w o r k e r s _______________________________ 12
B - 3 . Scheduled w e e k ly hours and days
of fu ll-tim e first-sh ift
w o r k e r s ______________________________ 13
B - 4 . Annual paid h olida ys fo r f u l l - t i m e
w o r k e r s _______________________________ 14
B - 5 . Paid vacation p r o v i s i o n s for
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s ____________________ 15
B - 6 . Health, in su r a n ce , and pen sion
plan p r o v i s io n s fo r f u l l - t i m e
wo rke r s______________________________ 1 8

Appendix A.
Appendix B.

Scope and m ethod o f s u r v e y _________ 20
O cc u p a tion a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ___________ 25

1

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing
Office, Washington, D. C. 20402, GPO Bookstores, or BLS Regional
Offices listed on back cover. Price 85 cents. Make checks payable to
Superintendent of Documents.




Introduction
This a r e a is 1 o f 84 in w hich the U.S.
Departm ent o f L a b o r ' s Bu reau o f L a b o r Statistic s
con du cts su r v e y s o f o c cu p a t io n a l earn ings and r e ­
lated b e n e fit s .
In this a r e a , data w e r e obtain ed by
p e r s o n a l v isit s of Bureau field e c o n o m is t s to r e ­
p r e s e n ta tiv e esta b lis h m en ts within six b r o a d industry
d iv is io n s : M anufacturin g; tr a n s p o rt a tio n , c o m m u n i ­
c ation , and oth er public u tilities; w h o le s a le trade;
r eta il tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r ea l estate;
and s e r v i c e s .
M a jo r industr y grou ps exclu ded f r o m
th ese studies ar e g over n m en t op e r a t io n s and the c o n ­
s tru c tion and e x tr a c tiv e in du stries.
E sta blish m en ts
having f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d num ber o f w o r k e r s
a r e om itted b e c a u s e of in suffic ient em p loym en t in
the o c cu p a t io n s studied.
Separate tabula tions are
p r o v i d e d f o r each o f the b r o a d in dustry d iv is io n s
w hich m e e t pu blication c r i t e r i a .

n u r s e s , sk illed m ain ten an ce t r a d e s w o r k e r s , and
unskilled plant w o r k e r s .
W h e re p o s s i b l e , data are
p r esen ted fo r all in d u s tr ie s , m a nu factu ring , and
nonm an ufacturin g.
This table p r o v i d e s a m e a s u r e o f
w age tr e n d s after elim in ation o f changes in a v e r a g e
earn ings c a u sed by em p loym en t shifts among e s t a b ­
lis h m en ts as w ell as tu r n o v e r o f est a b lis h m e n t s i n ­
clu ded in su r v e y s a m p l e s .
F o r fu rther d e t a ils , see
appendix A.
B - s e r i e s ta bles
The B - s e r i e s ta bles p r e s e n t in form ation on
m in im u m en tran ce s a l a r i e s f o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; late
shift pay p r o v i s i o n s and p r a c t i c e s f o r plant w o r k e r s
in m anu factu ring; and data se p a r a te ly f o r plant and
o f f i c e w o r k e r s on sch eduled w eek ly h ours and days
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s ; paid h olid a ys ; paid v a c a tio n s ;
and health, in s u r a n c e , and pension plans.

A - s e r i e s ta bles
T a b le s A - l through A - 6 p r o v id e est im a te s
o f s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly o r h ou r ly earn ings f o r w o r k ­
e r s in o c cu p a t io n s c o m m o n to a v ariety o f m a n u f a c ­
turing and n onm anufacturin g in du stries. O ccu p ation s
w e r e s e l e c t e d f r o m the follow in g c a t e g o r i e s :
(a)
O f f ic e c l e r i c a l , (b) p r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n ic a l , (c)
m a in ten a n ce, t o o l r o o m , and p ow erp lan t, and (d) m a te­
r ia l m o v e m e n t and c u s tod ia l.
In the 31 la r g e s t
s u r v e y a r e a s , ta bles A - l a through A - 6 a p r o v id e
s i m il a r data fo r est a b lis h m e n t s em plo ying 500 w o r k ­
ers or m ore.

A pp endixes
App endix A d e s c r i b e s the m eth od s and c o n ­
cepts u sed in the a r e a w age su r v e y p r o g r a m .
It
p r o v i d e s in form a tion on the s c o p e o f the a r e a s u r v e y ,
on the a r e a ' s in du stria l c o m p o s it io n in m a n u f a c t u r ­
ing, and on la b o r - m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t c o v e r a g e .

T ab le A - 7 p r o v i d e s p e r ce n t changes in a v ­
e r a g e h ou r ly earnin gs o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s ,
e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g w o r k e r s , in dustr ia l

Appendix B p r o v i d e s jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s used
by Bureau field e c o n o m i s t s to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s by
o c cu p a t io n .

2

A. Earnings
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Stamford, Conn., May 1976
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours 1
(standard

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s receiving straight-time w e e k l y e a r n i n g

S

S

s

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

of-

s

S

s

S

~ ----- S
S

12 0

125

13 0

135

14 0

145

150

16 0

170

18 0

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

12 0

O ccu p ation and in d u s try d iv is io n

125

130

135

14 0

145

|5 0

16 0

170

18 0

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

over

-

-

1
-

3
1
2

6
6

14
4
10

49
15
34

93
41
52

154
10 1
53

145
97
48

177
129
48

179
119
60

161
117
44

124
10 0
24

94
73
21

76
63
13

82
71
11

38
33
5

89
74
15

2
2

6
6

7
7
-

4
4
-

16
11
5

14
14
-

23
9
14

26
23
3

50
50

19
19
*

*45
42
3

*

22
12
10

24
16
b

51
28
23

77
63
14

60
52
8

55
40
15

44
40
4

34
30
4

18
12
6

16
13
3

41
32
9

32
23
9

3b
32
6

69
55
14

41
20
21

45
34
11

45
36
9

20
17
3

14
8
6

14
9
S

3
1
2

3
3

-

115
Mean *

Median *

Middle range*

Under

S
115

and
under

and

ALL WORKERS
MANUFACTURING ------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------

1,485
1,038
447

36.5
37.0
36.5

$
209.00
215.00
194.50

$
205.00
210.50
190.00

$
$
184.00-230.00
190.00-237.00
170.50-212.00

-

-

-

-

SECRETARIES. CLASS A -----MANUFACTURING ------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------

212
185
27

36.5
36.5
36.0

249.50
252.00
2 3 0 . SO

253.00
255.00
230.00

230.00-265.00
235.00-267.00
224.00-230.00

-

.-

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 -----MANUFACTURING --- -------—
n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------

445
338
107

36.5
36.5
36.5

221.50
224.50
212.50

219.00
219.00
203.00

200.00-237.00
203.50-240.00
190.00-227.00

-

-

-

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -----MANUFACTURING --- --------—
NONMANUFACTURING ---------

370
244
126

37.0
37.5
36.5

202.00
205.50
195.00

199.50
203.50
194.00

184.00-221.00
188.00-222.50
163.50-217.00

•

SECRETARIES. CLASS D --MANUFACTURING ---------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---- —

458
271
187

37.0
37.0
37.0

183.50
187.00
179.00

180.50
185.00
179.50

169.00-200.00
173.50-200.00
165.00-194.00

.
-

*

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ---

112

37.0

168.00

167.00

1 5 6 . 0 0 - 1 7 8 . &0

-

-

-

-

69
53
16

36.5
36.5
36.5

161.50
158.00
171.50

159,50
155.50
170.00

149.50-182.00
146.00-182.00
159.50-182.50

•
-

-

*

TYPISTS, CLASS A ------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------

126
66

37.0
37.0

159.50
154.00

157.00
151.50

144.00-166.00
140.00-161.00

•

-

TYPISTS, CLASS B -------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------

109
69
40

37.0
37.5
36.5

138.50
136.00
143.00

137.00
137.00
137.50

127.50-145.00
126.00-143.50
133.00-151.50

.
-

75
65

36.0
35.5

133.50
133.00

130.00
130.30

125.00-142.00
125.00-140.00

-

FILE CLERKS, CLASS C --- -------— ---

56

36.0

117.50

115.00

110.00-121.00

22

14

7

M E S S E N G E R S ------------ ---- ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------- ----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------ ----------

84
51
33

36.5
37.0
36.0

128.50
129.00
128.00

125.00
122.00
130.00

1 1 6 . 5 0 - 1 4 0 . 0 0 * * * 12
116.50-140.00
7
5
119.00-132.00

16
11
5

13
10
3

o p e r a t o r s -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----- --- --- ----NONMANUFACTURING --------------

77
44
33

38.0
37.5
39.0

160.00
167.50
150.00

159.50
168.00
152.50

145.00-183.00
155.00-184.00
125.00-170.00

1
1

5
5

3
3

o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t i o n i s t s m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------- -------- --n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------

86
59
27

36.5
37.0
35.5

160.00
155.50
169.50

155.50
1 5 5 . 5C
169.50

146.50-173.00
146.50-170.00
146.50-195,00

-

-

-

5
5
*

ORDER CLERKS, CLASS B ---------------

59

149.00

121.00-165.00

t9

6

SECRETARIES

-----------------------

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE TYPISTS
m a n u f a c t u r i n g --- --------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------

NONMANUFACTURING --------------

FILE CLERKS, CLASS B ---------------NONMANUFACTURIMfi -----------------

switchboard

SWITCHBOARD

*
***

t

W orkers
W orkers
W orkers
W orkers

w ere
were
w ere
w ere

36.0

145.50

*
-

1
“
“

-

-

-

*

-

-

*

-

_

-

1

-

-

•
-

•
-

-

*

•
-

*

*
-

-

-

*

3
3

•

4

6

9

1

-

4

6

9

26
9
17

•
-

3
1
2

2
2

8
4
4

37
15
22

67
32
35

98
66
32

77
43
34

50
39
11

57
32
25

40
20
20

10
10
-

7
7
-

2
2
*

-

•
-

*

*

-

2

1

7

3

24

22

27

20

4

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
-

-

10
10
*

16
10
6

8
7
1

4
4

lb
18
4

-

1

_

_

.

-

-

_

-

-

6
6
*

*

1

-

*

-

-

11
9

3
1

25
20

11
3

19
12

28
12

10
1

.

14
7

4

“

-

1
1

17
11
6

12
4
8

22
16
6

11
7
4

8
8
*

6
1
5

5

11
10

6
6

9
8

6
5

7
3

2
2

3

-

-

5

-

5

-

-

6
3
3

9
9

.
“

4
4
*

-

-

*

-

“

*

"

-

_
-

*

12
2
10

1
1
-

14
9
5

3
3
*

3
3
“

1
1
*

3
1
2

“

2
2
-

6
3
3

6
4
2

17
7
10

10
10

7
7
•

22
17
5

2

8

8
6
2

*

11
7
4

6
3

9
9

19
19

-

*

•
-

-

5

-

5
5

-

-

*

*

*

5

3
1
2

3

6

*

3

1




3

*

*

*

*

.

,

.

-

*

*

*

*

5

*

-

-

-

7
3
4

16
13
3

4
2
2

_
-

9
6
3

12
12

5

*

2

11
3
8

13

1

3

3

distributed as follow s: 8 at $270 to $280; 16 at $280 to $290; 8 at $290 to $300; 8 at $300 to $310; and 5 at $310 to $ 320.
distributed as follow s: 6 at $ 95 to $100; 6 at $100 to $105; 2 at $105 to $110; and 8 at $110 to $115.
at $ 110 to $ 11 5.
distributed as follow s: 3 at $ 105 to $ 110; and 6 at $ 110 to $ 11 5.

See footnotes at end of tables.

*

.

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

*

.
*

-

-

-

-

.

-

-

*

•
-

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

-

*

*

*

*

1

-

*

-

*

*

*

*

“

-

*

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Stamford, Conn., May 1976— Continued
W e e k ly e a r n in g s

1

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s receiving st ra ight-time w e gkly ea r n i n g s of----

(sta n d a rd )
N um ber

Occupation and industry division
w orker

S

A v era g e
w e e k ly
h ou rs

S
115

*
M ean

(s ta n d a r d )

*

M e d ia n

£

M id d le r a n g e

£

Under

$
115

S
120

125

s

s

s

130

135

S

s

140

145

s

150

170

s

S

S

s

160

180

190

S
200

S

$

210

220

s

$

s

230

240

250

"5 ---------

260

and
under

270
and

145

120

125

130

—

—

1
1

6

-

-

-

*

-

2

6

9

29
2
27

37
6
31

135

150

230

240

250

260

270

over

9
7
2

2
2

-

-

-

7
5
2

•

-

i
•
i

-

.
•

-

-

-

-

•
-

7
7

4
4

2
2

2
2

*
-

1
1

-

•

.

-

-

•
-

-

•
*

*

*

*24
24

-

3
1
2

-

•

•

-

•

160

170

180

190

200

210

*

7
3
4

31
16
15

46
21
25

68
29
39

44
27
17

15
9
6

37
11
26

32
3
29

53
20
33

43
17
26

25
4
21

11
7
4

10
3
7

1
1

•

5
4
1

6
1
5

3

-

8
6
2

1
1

5
2
3

17
14
3

4
4

-

12
9
3

5
2

44
11

28
5
23

23
16
7

11
10
1

3

7

2
2

1
1

140

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED

$

$

$

ACCOUNTING CLERKS* CLASS A
m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------- — -----NONMANUFACTURING —

258
136
122

3 7 .0
3 7 .5
3 7 .0

1 8 6 .5 0
1 9 1 .0 0
1 8 1 .0 0

1 8 5 .0 0
1 8 8 .5 0
1 8 3 .0 0

1 7 5 .0 0 - 1 9 8 . 0 0
1 7 5 .5 0 - 2 0 7 .0 0
1 7 0 .0 0 - 1 9 0 . 0 0

a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s *
m a n u f a c t u r in g

302
74
228

3 8 .0
3 7 .0
3 8 .5

1 5 0 .0 0
1 5 7 .5 0
1 4 7 .5 0

1 4 8 .0 0
1 5 5 .0 0
1 4 5 .0 0

1 3 6 . 0 0 - 1 6 1 .& 0
1 4 4 .0 0 - 1 6 6 , 5 0
1 3 5 .0 0 - 1 6 0 , 5 0

90
57

3 7 .0
3 7 .5
3 6 .0

1 7 5 .0 0
1 9 1 .0 0
1 4 6 .5 0

1 7 5 .5 0
1 9 1 .5 0
1 4 0 .0 0

1 4 4 .0 0 - 1 9 8 . 0 0
1 7 0 .0 0 - 2 1 5 . 0 0
1 2 5 .0 0 - 1 7 4 . 5 0

—

class

0

NONMANUFACTURING ----PAYROLL CLERKS --------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING

33

$

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING —

163
72
91

3 7 .0
3 6 .5
3 7 .0

1 8 5 .5 0
2 1 3 .5 0
1 6 3 .5 0

1 7 2 .0 0
1 9 4 .5 0
1 6 7 .5 0

1 6 6 .0 0 - 1 8 8 . 0 0
1 7 9 .5 0 - 2 7 6 . 0 0
1 5 9 .0 0 - 1 7 3 . 5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS* CLASS 8
MANUFACTURING ------—
NONMANUFACTURING

128
87
41

3 7 .5
3 7 .0
3 7 .5

1 5 3 .0 0
1 5 5 .0 0
1 4 8 .5 0

1 5 2 .0 0
1 5 5 .5 0
1 4 7 .0 0

1 4 5 .0 0 - 1 6 4 . 6 0
1 4 5 .0 0 - 1 6 4 . 5 0
1 4 5 .0 0 - 1 6 0 . 0 0

*

-

-

-

-

3

4

3

a
a

4

9

•

2

2

9

-

-

-

—

2

2

9

•
— •
-

-

-

1

7

6

5

3

-

-

-

-

3

•

*

1
1

•

-

-

1

7

6

5

1
1

6

3

-

1
2

11
10
1

5
5

6

W o r k e r s w e r e at $ 2 7 0 to $ 2 8 0 .

S e e footnotes at e n d of tables.




2

4

3

22
8
14

3

33

34
28
6

35
24
11

6
1

3

19
16
3

•

*

*
-

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Stamford, Conn., May 1976
W e e k l y e a r n in g s 1

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s re ceiving straight-t o n e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of-

(s t a n d a r d )

O c c u p a t i o n a n d in d u s t r y division

$

A vera ge
w e e k ly

of

$
150

Under

h ou rs1
(s ta n d a rd

M e d ia n 2

M e ln i

M id d le r a n g e 2

$
150

S
160

S

170

S

s

180

190

S

$

200

210

$
220

$
230

S

$

240

26u

S
280

$

300

S

S

s

320

340

360

s

S
380

400

S
420

and
under
170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

260

280

300

*

*

*

*

*

*

-

1

160

440
and

7
2

14

14
11

320

360

380

400

420

440

over

4
4

6
6

3
3

12
12

9
6

4
4

*29

18
6

15
2

9

16
6

3
3

6
3

9

4

9
7

3
1

1
1

6
3

2
2

-

-

-

-

8

5

7

7

-

4

6
3

7
2

5
2

3
3

7
7

4
1

1

14
10

6
3
3

5
2
3

6

6
•

•

6
•

•

4

6

6

*

6

-

3»Q

ALL WORKERS
$

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BU SINESS), CLASS A ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------— -----------------------

$

$

$

67
58

3 7 .0
3 7 .5

4 2 6 .5 0
4 1 4 .0 0

4 1 2 .5 0
4 0 5 .0 0

3 8 4 .0 0 - 4 6 2 . 0 0
3 8 4 .0 0 - 4 6 1 . 0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BU SIN E SS). CLASS B ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

98
35

3 7 .0
3 8 .0

3 6 0 .5 0
3 8 3 .5 0

3 5 8 .5 0
3 8 4 .0 0

3 2 5 .0 0 - 3 8 7 . 5 0
3 3 5 .0 0 -4 3 7 .0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BU SIN E SS). CLASS C ----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

76
54

3 7 .5
3 7 .0

2 7 0 .0 0
2 7 0 .0 0

2 5 9 .0 0
2 5 9 .0 0

2 4 4 .0 0 - 2 8 3 . 5 0
2 4 4 . 0 0 - 2 8 0 . P0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BU SIN E SS),
CLASS A -----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

59
30

3 7 .5
3 7 .5

3 5 7 .0 0
3 5 0 .5 0

3 5 1 .5 0
3 5 2 .0 0

3 1 1 .0 0 - 4 1 3 . 0 0
3 0 8 .5 0 - 4 1 0 . 0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BU SIN E SS),
CLASS B -----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

80
35
45

3 7 .5
3 8 .5
3 6 .5

3 1 0 .0 0
2 8 8 .0 0
3 2 7 .0 0

3 0 3 .0 0
2 8 7 .0 0
3 2 4 .5 0

2 6 9 .0 0 - 3 4 5 . 5 0
2 6 9 .0 0 - 3 0 6 . 0 0
2 6 7 .0 0 - 3 8 4 . 0 0

“

-

*

*

*

*

*

•

“

*

*

*

*

*

2
2

4

4

1

2

31
24

•

1

2

3

1

2

*

10
2
8

15
12
3

6
3
3

3
*

*

*

~

*

*

-

23

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BU SINESS)«
48

3 7 .0

2 2 9 .0 0

2 3 7 .0 0

2 1 3 .5 0 - 2 4 9 . 5 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

38
22

3 6 .5
3 7 .0

2 1 6 .0 0
2 2 4 .0 0

2 1 0 .5 0
2 2 2 .0 0

1 9 9 .5 0 - 2 2 7 . 0 0
2 0 1 .5 0 - 2 3 9 . 0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

86
44
42

3 7 .5
3 8 .0
3 7 .0

1 9 3 .5 0
1 9 5 .0 0
1 9 1 .5 0

1 9 3 .0 0
1 9 5 .5 0
1 8 6 .5 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C --------—

-

-

6

2

1

-

8

2

11

13

2

3

•

-

-

4

-

*

11
6

4

-

2
-

2

-

8
7

3
1

3
3

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

1 7 0 .0 0 - 2 2 0 .0 0
1 6 0 .0 0 - 2 2 4 . 0 0
1 7 5 .0 0 - 2 1 0 . 5 0

5
2
3

7
7
-

8
6
2

12
1
11

8
3
5

11
6
5

8
3
5

5
3
2

9
6
3

6
3
3

5
2
3

2
2

-

-

•

•

•

5

4

3

-

-

3

-

-

•»

-

-

-

-

-

•

9
8

25
24

16
15

19
17

12
6

10

11
1

6

7

4

8
2

32

3 6 .0

1 6 5 .5 0

1 6 3 .0 0

1 4 1 .0 0 - 1 8 5 .5 0

79

DRAFTERS, CLASS A ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

114
77

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

2 8 3 .5 0
2 6 4 .0 0

2 8 2 .0 0
2 6 0 .0 0

2 5 0 .0 0 - 3 1 8 . 0 0
2 4 1 .5 0 - 2 8 5 . 0 0

•
-

DRAFTERS, CLASS B ------------------ ---------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

78
45

3 8 .0
3 7 .0

2 2 8 .5 0
2 2 3 .5 0

2 2 5 .0 0
2 2 5 .0 0

2 0 1 .0 0 - 2 6 0 .0 0
2 1 0 .0 0 - 2 3 0 . 0 0

DRAFTERS, CLASS C -----------------------------------

64

3 9 .0

2 0 0 .0 0

1 9 0 .0 0

1 7 0 .0 0 - 2 5 0 . 0 0

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS, CLASS A -

47

4 0 .0

2 4 9 .5 0

2 6 7 .0 0

2 3 1 .5 0 - 2 8 0 . 0 0

REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSES -----------MANUFACTURING ------

22
17

3 8 .5

2 3 1 .5 0
2 3 5 .5 0

2 3 7 .5 0
2 4 0 .0 0

2 0 0 .0 0 - 2 5 5 .0 0
2 1 3 .0 0 - 2 6 2 .5 0

*
**
***
t

Workers were
Workers were
Workers were
Workers were

distributed
distributed
distributed
distributed

as
as
as
as

follows:
follows:
follows:
follows:

38.5

6
6
1
2

at
at
at
at

$440
$440
$440
$120

-

■-

•

.

-

-

-

*

-

-

8

-

-

•

*

-

*

-

-

-

-

6
6

•

•

-

6

4

-

-

*

5
2

-

2

7
7

10
10

14
12

5

-

13
5

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

4

3

8

10

4

4

9

4

-

-

14

4

-

-

-

-

-

T

-

-

-

-

-

5

-

5

-

-

-

4

7

11

15

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

•

_

•

3
3

4

1
1

1
1

3
3

5

5
5

to $ 4 6 0 ; 16 at $ 4 6 0 to $4 8 0 ; 1 at $ 4 8 0 to $ 5 0 0 ; 3
to $ 4 60 ; a n d 3 at $ 4 6 0 to $480.
to $ 4 60 ; a n d 6 at $ 4 6 0 to $480.
to $ 1 3 0 ; 4 at $ 1 3 0 to $ 1 40 ; a n d 3 at $ 1 4 0 to $1 50.

S e e footnotes at e n d of tables.




m
■
»

5

1

3

T

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in Stamford, Conn., May 1976
Sex, 3 occupation, a n d in du st ry division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

W eek ly
hears*
(standard)

W eek ly
earnings1
(standard)

MEN
52
29
23

3 6 .5
3 6 .5
3 6 .0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS, CLASS A ---------------MANUFACTURING------------------ -------------------

36
29

3 7 . 5 201.001
3 7 . 5 2 0 1 .5 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS, CLASS B ---------------n o n m a n u f a c tu r in g -------------------------------

31
20

3 6 .5
3 6 .5

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

1 3 1 .5 0 j
1 3 0 .0 0
1 3 3 .0 0

1 6 5 .5 0
160.501

WOMEN

SECRETARIES -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING------— ------------ — -------- -n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g -------------------------------

Sex, 3 occupation, a n d in du st ry division

W eek ly
earnings*
(standard)

1*485
1 ,0 3 8
447

3 6 .5
3 7 .0
3 6 .5

2 0 9 .Q 0
2 1 5 .0 0
194.501

occupation, a n d in du st ry division

Num ber
of
w orken

W eekly
hours 1
standard)

W eek ly
earnings 1
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

FILE CLERKS, CLASS C — —

56

3 6 .0

MESSENOERS
MANUFACTURING ---------

32
22

3 7 .0
3 7 .5

134.5Q ! COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U SIN E SS), CLASS B -------------------- -------------1 3 3 .0 0
NONMANUFACTURING--------------------------------1 1 7 .5 0
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U SIN E SS), CLASS C ------— ------------------1 2 4 .0 0
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------1 2 7 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS
MANUFACTURING ------—
NONMANUFACTURING —

75
44
31

3 8 .0
3 7 .5
3 9 .0

1 6 Q .0 0
1 6 7 .5 0
1 5 0 .0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS)*

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING
n o n m an u f ac tu r in g ----------- —

86
59
27

3 6 .5
3 7 .0
3 5 .5

ORDER CLERKS, CLASS B --------------

59

ACCOUNTING CLERKS, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING -------

222
107
115
271
63
208

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ------------------------m a n u f a c t u r in g -------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c tu r in g -------------------------------

445
338
107

3 6 . 5 2 2 1 .5 0
3 6 . S 2 2 4 .5 0
3 6 . 5 2 1 2 .5 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING ----------

3 7 .0 2 0 2 .0 0 '
3 7 . 5 2 0 5 .5 0
3 6 . 5 1 9 5 .0 0

PAYROLL CLERKS -----------MANUFACTURING ------NONMANUFACTURING -

370
244
126

3

3 6 .0
3 5 .5

3 6 .5
3 6 .5
3 6 .0

2 4 9 .5 0
2 5 2 .0 0
2 3 0 .5 0

Sex,

72
65

212
185
27

458
271
187

3 7 .0
3 7 .0
3 7 .0

1 8 3 .5 0
1 8 7 .0 0
1 7 9 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A MANUFACTURING ---------------- -------n on m a n u f a c tu r in g ------------------

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------------------

112

3 7 .0

1 6 8 .0 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE TYPISTS -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

69
53
16

3 6 .5
3 6 .5
3 6 .5

1 6 1 .5 0
1 5 8 .0 0
1 7 1 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS 8 MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING —

T Y P IST S, CLASS A -------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c tu r in g -------------------------------

126
66

3 7 .0
3 7 .0

1 5 9 .5 0
1 5 4 .0 0

T Y P IST S, CLASS B -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

109
69
40

3 7 .0
3 7 .5
3 6 .5

1 3 8 .5 0
1 3 6 .0 0
1 4 3 .0 0

$

90
35

3 7 .0
3 8 .0

3 6 5 .5 0
3 8 3 .5 0

46
31

3 7 .5
3 7 .0

2 7 5 .0 0
2 7 2 . SO

MANUFACTURING ------------------------------ -------------------

49
26

3 7 .5
3 7 .0

3 5 2 .5 0
3 4 4 .0 0

1 6 0 .0 0
1 5 5 .5 0
1 6 9 .5 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS)*
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------- -------- --------------------------

66
27

3 7 .0
3 8 .0

3 1 7 .0 0
2 8 4 .0 0

3 6 .0

1 4 5 .5 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS* CLASS. A ------------------MANUFACTURING----------- --------------- -------------------------

38
22

3 6 .5
3 7 .0

2 1 6 .0 0
2 2 4 .0 0

3 7 .0
3 7 .5
3 7 .0

1 8 4 .0 0
1 8 8 .5 0
1 8 0 .0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------- — -------------------

75
39
36

3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .5

1 9 7 .0 0
2 0 0 .0 0
1 9 4 .0 0

3 8 .0
3 7 .0
3 8 .5

1 4 8 .5 0
1 5 4 .5 0
1 4 6 .5 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C --------------

24

3 6 .5

1 6 4 .0 0

DRAFTERS, CLASS A -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------- — -------------------- —

108
71

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

2 8 6 .0 0
2 6 6 .5 0

DRAFTERS, CLASS B -----------------------------■
-------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------------------

76
45

3 8 .0
3 7 .0

2 2 7 .5 0
2 2 3 .5 0

47

4 0 .0

2 4 9 .5 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U SIN E SS), CLASS C -----------------------------------------

30

3 7 .0

2 6 2 .5 0

REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSES ----------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------------

22
17

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

2 3 1 .5 0
2 3 5 .5 0

88
55
33

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -- ---------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------- --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------- -------- ------

3 7 .0
3 7 .0
3 6 .0

1 7 3 .0 0
1 8 9 .5 0
1 4 6 .5 0

143

3 7 .0

1 7 3 .0 0

91

3 7 lo

1 6 3 .5 0

UKAr 1C K b f

vLA W

L

" "

™J L
—

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS, CLASS A 128
87
41

3 7 .5
3 7 .0
3 7 .5

1 5 3 .0 0
1 5 5 .0 0
1 4 8 .5 0
PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - W
OMEN

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BU SIN E SS), CLASS A --------MANUFACTURING ----------------

64
55

S e e footnotes at e n d of tables.




W eek ly
h ou n *
[standard)

FILE CLERKS, CLASS B —
NONMANUFACTURING -------

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------ -----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------------------m a n u f a c t u r in g -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

Number
of
w orken

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
WOMEN— CONTINUED

m e s s e n g e r s ----------------------------- --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------- --------------

A vera ge
(m e a n 2 )

A vera ge
(m ea n 2 )

A v era g e
(m e a n 2 )
Number
of
w o ik e n

6

3 7 .0 4 2 8 .0 0
3 7 . 5 4 1 5 .0 0

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in Stamford, Conn., May 1976
Hourly earnings 4

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s rece iv in g straight- t i m e ho u r l y ea r n i n g s of
-------

N um be r

of

O c c u p a t i o n a n d industry division

Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

s
S
s
S
s
%
%
s
s
s
s
S
S
s
i
5----- i
i
t
i
$
4.70 4.80 4.90 5.00 5.10 5.20 5.30 5.40 5.50 5.60 5.70 5.80 5.90 6 .0 0 6 . 10 6.20 6.40 6 .6 0 6.80 7.00 7.20 7.40

Utlder an d
*
under

4.70

■?

4.80 4.9Q 5.00 5.10 5.20 5.30 5.40 5.50 5.60 5.70 5.80 5.90 6.00 6 * lo 6* 1C.

•

and

-$«80 7.00 7.20 7.40

over

13

5

ALL WORKERS

$
M A I N 1C N A N v X

CMf'rtN 1

* ""
■

$

$

$

A

22

69

1

6.69

5

1

6.93
6 .44

8

22
22

6
ma i n t e n a n c e

m e c h a n i c s

m a in t e n a n c e

. (M a

c h i n e r y

) -

96

5.91

6 .1?

5.36- 6.50

A

8

2

2

A

m e c h a n ic s

iab (

(•of

*

W o r k e r s w e r e distributed as follows: 3 at $ 7 . 6 0 to $7 .8 0; an d 4 at $ 7 . 8 0 to $8 .

S e e footnotes at en d of tables.




7

2

2

1

10

3

1

2

10

2

26
26

3

6

1

10

10
10

1

i
i

i
i

5

2

16

8

3

21

-

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Stamford, Conn., May 1976
Hourly earnings

Occupation and industry division

N um ber of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e h ou rly ea rn in gs of --

4
S
2.30

of
workers

M ean2

^

S
2.40

9
2.50

9
2.60

s

$

2.80

I
3.00

3.20

3.40

s
3.60

9
3.80

9
4.00

9
4 .20

4.40

S
4.60

9
4.80

S
5 00

9
5.20

$
5.40

3.00

?.20

3.40

3.60

3.80

4.00

4.20

4 .4 0

4.60

4.80

5.00

5

5,40

5 . 6 0 .5 . 8 0

-

4
4

9

6

8

6

4

4

5

12

10

4

-

-

1
1

17

-

5

5

-

•

4

4

-

-

4

-

6

*

12

3

6

4

-

1

12

10

-

-

-

$

M iddle range

and
under

2.50

2.60

2.80

-

-

-

-

*

-

9

9
5.60

9
5 . 80

9
6.00

J
6. 2 0

S
6.40

6*

6.20

6. 4 0

over

-

-

*98

«P

-

—

2.40

M e d ia n 2

$

ALL WORKERS
$

TRUCKDRIVERS ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --- --------- ---- --n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------

$

188
27
161

6.06
4.48
6.33

6.51
4.25
7.30

$
$
4.50- 7.51
4.00- 5.07
5. 00 - 7.51

-

-

-

*

TRUCKDRIVERS* MEDIUM TRUCK ------

36

4.80

5.12

4.00-

5.30

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

1

7

5

-

-

-

2

12

-

-

-

-

SHIPPING CLERKS ----------------------

41

5.26

5.36

4.81-

5.66

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

5

3

-

15

-

15

-

-

RECEIVING CLERKS — ------------------MANUFACTURING --- --- --- ----------

25
19

4.80
4.78

4.57
4.42

4.424.42-

5.17
5.17

13

1

*

*

*

*

*

*

-

*

*

*

*

10

1

-

9
6

-

-

W A R E H O U S E M E N ---------- ---------------

209

4.64

4.77

3.85-

5.06

-

-

-

-

5

12

4

22

16

ORDER FILLERS ------------------------

110

3.49

3.22

2.50-

4.57

9

-

12

6

12

-

3

SHIPPING PACKERS ---------- ----------

69

3.69

3.81

3.25-

4.04

4

13

MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS --------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------

64
44

4.98
4.36

4.32
3.94

3.943.94-

5.20
5.20

FORKLIFT OPERATORS -----------------MANUFACTURING ----- ---------------

115
109

4.24
4.28

4.07
4.16

3.763.79-

4.57
4.65

*

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN t
MANUFACTURING ---------------------

106

4.36

4.53

3.96-

4.79

-

88

4.61

4.63

4.24-

4.79

GUARDS I
MANUFACTURING --------------------JANITORS. PORTERS* AND CLEANERS —
MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING —

*
W orkers were distributed as follow s:
** W orkers were at $7.60 to $7.80.

752
277
475

3.25
4.11
2.75

2.98
4.06
2.70

2.603.702.45-

3.80
4.98
3.00

27
3

*

9

7

24

41

8

-

4

-

-

6

5

15

2

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

13

-

11

-

2

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

2
2

22
22

*

2
2

3
3

1
1

1
1

*

3
*

10
10

23
20

8
8

18
18

13
13

12
12

7
7

6

6

18

11

23

11

23

-

13

3

_

-

-

“

*
-

-

-

“

-

12

-

-

-

-

9

9

6

6

12

31
4
27

168
13
155

23

96
12
84

29
14
15

13
11
2

34
27
7

39
39

26
25
1

48
48

23

_

3

*

5 at $6.40 to $6.60; 17 at $7.20 to $ 7.4 0; 40 at $7.40 to $ 7.6 0; and 36 at $7.60 to $7.80.

See footnotes at end of tables.




•

-

6

-

117

.

*

6

-

117

•

3

-

37
5
32

2
2

25

•

*

5

-

-

_

.

•

8

-

98

3
3

5
2

3

"

-

-

-

•

•

-

-

-

-

11
11

1
1

-

*

21
21

*

*

*

*

*

7

5

2

-

3

3

1

-

7

5

2

-

3

3

1

-

11
6
5

72
68
4

•

m
.

•

**14

•

•
-

20

•

-

*




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom,
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers,
by sex, in Stamford, Conn., May 1976
Sex,

Number
of
workers

3 o c c u p a t io n , an d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Average
(mean 2 )
hourly
earnings

S e x , 3 o c c u p a tio n ,

M A I N T E N A N C E ' t o o l r o o m * and
POWERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - MEN

an d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

$

$
41

25
19 . 7 8
4

6.69 69
G.60

____ _
_

97
MECHANICS

m ain ten a nc e

(MACHINERY)

Average
(mean 2 )
hourly
earnings4

M A T E R I A L M O V L M t N T AN D C U S T O D I A L
OCCUPATIONS - M£N— CONTINUED
zz

MAINTENANCE

Number
of
workers

-

98
89

______

66

m ec ha n ic s

5.83

43

4.36

115
109

4.1s

104

4.35

---------------------------------------------

86

4.60

-------

525
215

3.33
4.12

—

227

3.07

6 . 9 9 26
GUARDS

AND

WATCHMEN*

GUARDS*
MANUFACTURING

M O VE ME NT AND CUST OD IA L
OC CU PA TI ON S - MEN

m aterial

JANITORS.

PORTERS.
“ ANUi AC ' U N

AND

CLEANERS
m—
*

6*33
OCCUPATIONS
TRUCKDRIVERS*

MEDIUM

TRUCK

---------------

36

- WOMEN

4.80
ja n ito r s

See footnotes at end of tables.

9

,

porters,

and

cleaners




Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts
NOTE:
D a ta f o r ta b le A - 7 a r e n o t a v a ila b le f o r th e S t a m fo r d
s u r v e y s i n c e t h is is th e f i r s t y e a r a s u r v e y o f c o m p a r a b l e s c o p e w a s
c o n d u c t e d in th e a r e a .

not

R e fe r e n c e to ta b le
a p p ly t o t h is a r e a .

A -7

in

th e | sta n d a rd t e x t

10

of

th e

b u lle t in d o e s

B. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions
Table B-1. Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks in Stamford, Conn., May 1976
In e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts
M anu­
fa c t u r in g
M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a i g h t - t im e s a la r y 5

B a s e d on sta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u r s

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa c tu r in g

o f ----

-------------------------

99

ESTABLISHMENTS HAVING A SPECIFIED
MINIMUM --------------------------------------------------------------

15

UNDER
$ 8 0 .0 0
$ 8 2 .5 0
$ 8 5 .0 0
$ 8 7 .5 0
$ 9 0 .0 0
$ 9 2 .5 0
$ 9 5 .0 0
$ 9 7 .5 0
SiOO.OO
$ 1 0 5 .0 0
$ 1 1 0 .0 0
$ 1 1 5 .0 0
$ 1 2 0 .0 0
$ 1 2 5 .0 0
$ 1 3 0 .0 0
$ 1 3 5 .0 0

studied

$ 8 0 .0 0 -------- ------------- ----------------------AND UNDER $ 8 2 .5 0 ---------------------ANO UNDER $ 8 5 .0 0 ----------- ----------AND UNDER $ 8 7 .5 0 ---------------------AND UNDER $ 9 0 .0 0 -------- ------------AND UNDER $ 9 2 .5 0 -------------------AND UNDER $ 9 5 .0 0 -------------------AND UNDER $ 9 7 .5 0 -------------------AND UNDER $ 1 0 0 .0 0 -----------------AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND

UNDER $ 1 0 5 .0 0 ---------------UNDER $ 1 1 0 .0 0 ---------------UNDER $ 1 1 5 .0 0 ---------------UNDER $ 1 2 0 .0 0 ---------------UNDER $ 1 2 5 .0 0 ---------------UNDER $ 1 3 0 .0 0 — — -------UNDER $ 1 3 5 .0 0 ---------------OVER -----------------------------------

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r s 7 o f ----

A ll
in d u s t r ie s
A ll
s c h e d u le s

A ll
s c h e d u le s

establishments

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

35

33

66

XXX

XXX

99

33

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

XXX

66

XXX

37 V 2

37 Vj

XXX

7

3

3

6

9

4

3

25

12

6

13

-

1
1
-

1
-

-

-

•

•

-

1

1
-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

.
•
-

•
•

“

1
-

*

*

1
*

•
•
-

1
•
-

-

3
3
6

2

1

2

4
-

1
3

-

1
1

4
1
3
1

2

2

1
1
“

3
*

-

1

*

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

•
9
r

-

-

-»
-

-

2

2

1
3

1
1

.
-

2

2

-

2

3

-

2
1
-

1
2
2
2

-

2

2

”

-

1
2
-

ESTABLISHMENTS HAVING NO SPECIFIED
MINIMUM ---------------------- ---------- -------------- — —

23

10

13

XXX

XXX

29

13

XXX

16

ESTABLISHMENTS WHICH DID NOT EMPLOY
WORKERS IN THIS CATEGORY --------------------

61

17

44

XXX

XXX

45

8

XXX

37

-

*

S e e footnotes at e n d of tables.

11

2

35

XXX

1

2
-




6

O th er in e x p e r ie n c e d c le r ic a l w o r k e r s

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

-

1
1
1

1
1
-

1
-

•
•
-

1
1
-

-

•
"

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

-

Table B-2. Late shift pay provisions for full-time manufacturing
plant workers in Stamford, Conn., May 1976
(All full-time m a n u f a c t u r i n g plant w o r k e r s = 100 percent)
A ll w o r k e r s

8

W o r k e r s o n la t e s h ifts

Item
S e c o n d s h ift

T h ir d s h ift

IN ESTABLISHMENTS WITH LATE SHIFT PROVISIONS ----------

8 7 .9

8 1 .5

1 3 .0

4 .0

WITH NO PAY DIFFERENTIAL FOR LATE SHIFT WORK ---------WITH PAY DIFFERENTIAL FOR LATE SHIFT WORK ---------------UNIFORM CENTS-PER-HOUR DIFFERENTIAL •
*----------------------UNIFORM PERCENTAGE DIFFERENTIAL --------------------------------OTHER DIFFERENTIAL -------------------------------------------------------------

2 .1
8 5 .8
2 2 .3
6 0 .4
3 .1

2 .1
7 9 .4
2 2 .3
5 7 .1
“

.2
1 2 .7
5 .5
7 .2

.7
3 .3
1 .8
1 .5
-

2 1 .2
1 0 .6

2 6 .5
1 4 .2

2 3 .4
9 .7

2 8 .8
1 2 .6

CENTS-PER-HOUR*
CENTS ---------------------------------------------------------------------------C E N T S ---------------------------------------------------------------------------CENTS ---------------------------------------------------------------------------C E N T S ----------------------------- ----------------------------------------------

8 .5
6 .9
6 .9

•
1 5 .4
6 .9

1 .7
1 .1
2 .7

UNIFORM PERCENTAGES
5 PERCENT -------------------------------------------------------------------------6 PERCFNT ------------------------------------------------------------------------9 PERCENT -------------------------------------------------------------------------10 PERCENT-------------- ---------- ---------------------------------------------15 PERCENT — — ---------------------------------------------------------------

3 .2
5 .4
3 6 .6
1 5 .1

•
5 .4
2 .4
4 9 .3

.8
1 .2
3 .9
1 .4

S e co n d s h ift

T h ir d s h ift

PERCENT OF WORKERS

AVERAGE PAY DIFFERENTIAL
UNIFORM CENTS-PER-HOUR DIFFERENTIAL — ----------------------UNIFORM PERCENTAGE DIFFERENTIAL ------------------------------------PERCENT OF WORKERS BY TYPE AND
AMOUNT OF PAY DIFFERENTIAL
UNIFORM
15
20
25
30

See




fo o tn o te

at

en d

o f t a b le s .

12

-

-

•
.4
1 .4
•
.6
-

.9

Table B-3. Scheduled weekly hours and days of full-time first-shift workers in Stamford, Conn., May 1976
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Item
A ll in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c tu r in g

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

100

100

100

100

•
•
.
•
.

•

A ll in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c tu r in g

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

PERCENT OF WORKERS BY SCHEDULED
WEEKLY HOURS AND DAYS
ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS ----------------------15
24
33
35
36
37
38
38
40
42
42
44
46

100

HOURS-5 DAYS ----------------------------------------HOURS— D A Y S ------------------ ------ ---------- -----4
3 / 4 HOURS-5 DAYS --------------------------------HOURS-5 DAYS -----------------------------------------1 / 4 HOURS-5 DAYS --------------------------------1 / 2 HOURS-5 DAYS --------------------------------3 / 4 HOURS-5 DAYS --------- ------------ ---------8 /1 0 HOURS-5 DAYS ------------------------------HOURS-5 D A Y S -------------------- ---------- ---------HOURS-5 D A Y S ------------ — .-------------- -------1 / 2 HOURS-5 DAYS --------------------------------HOURS-5 DAYS -----------------------------------------HOURS — --------— ---------------------------------------5 O^YS

2
2
(1 0 )
(1 0 )
2
15

48 HOURS— D A Y S ----------------------------- -----------6

•
(1 0 )
3
10

-

74
1
1
2
1
(1 0 )
1

5
7
-

(1 0 )
23
-

84
•
_
2

54
3
3
5
4
1
(10>

100
_
.
•
_
-

2
32
19
28
(1 0 )
2
17
•
(1 0 )
(1 0 )
(1 0 )
-

lo o

100

100

_
3
16
26
43

50
12
11
(1 0 )
27
•
•
(1 0 )
(1 0 )
(1 0 )
•

•
40

3
9
•
•
•
-

-

18
42
•
-

-

-

-

-

*
“

3 6 .9

3 6 .9

3 6 .8

3 7 .5

AVERAGE SCHEDULED
weekly

hours

3 9 .0

3 9 .8

3 7 .7

o
o

ALL WEEKLY WORK SCHEDULES --------------------

S e e footnote at e n d of tables.




13

Table B-4. Annual paid holidays for full-time workers in Stamford, Conn., May 1976
Office workers

Pl a n t w o r k e r s
Item
All industries

Manufacturing

N o n m a n u f actur ing

Pu b l i c utilities

All industries

Manufacturing

N o n m a n u f actur ing

P u b l i c utilities

PERCENT OF WORKERS
ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS ------IN ESTABLISHMENTS NOT PROVIDING
PAID H O L I D A Y S ----- ----- — ---IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVIDING
PAID H O L I D A Y S ---------- -------

100

100

100

2

-

6

98

100

94

9.4

10.3

100

100

100

100

100

3

5

(10)

.

100

97

95

99

100

7.7

1 0 .6

1 0 .6

10.5

1 0 .6

11.9

-

-

(10)
(10)

-

AVERAGE NUMBER OF PAID HOLIDAYS
FOR WORKERS IN ESTABLISHMENTS
PROVIDING HOLIDAYS — ---- — --PERCENT OF WORKERS BY NUMBER
OF PAID HOLIDAYS PROVIDED
1 H O L I D A Y ----------- —
2 HOLIDAYS --6 HOLIDAYS ---

-

7
3
13
17

-

5

(10)
(10)

19

-

2

4

1

10

-

14

6

9
(10)
47
(10)
19

-

—

1
2

2
1
6
6

7 HOLIDAYS ---------PLUS 2 HALF DAYS

“

8 ■ H O L I O A Y S ----------

10

9 HOLIDAYS --------PLUS 1 HALF DAY PLUS 2 HALF DAYS
10 HOLIDAYS ----PLUS 2 HALF DAYS
11 HOLIDAYS -------PLUS 2 HALF DAYS
12 HOLIDAYS --- ----PLUS I HALF DAY <
PLUS 2 HALF DAYS
13 HOLIDAYS -------14 HOLIDAYS -------PLUS 2 HALF DAYS

(10)
36
1

15

-

2

*

(10)
(10)
1

-

—

14

50

1

-

7

39

21

1
1

8

4

(10)

30
5

(10)
•
-

1
1

(10)

•
•

3
9

2

1

19

2

•

-

4
36

-

-7

23

8

2

25
14
28

16

27

1
6

•

•

11

17

-

-

4

7

•

-

-

-

1

-

1
1
2
2

•

1
1

5
-

3

-

-

4

27

99
99
99
98
97
95
76
76
54
24
7
7
4
4

100
100
100
100
100

1

•

5

8

6

9

-

-

•

(10)
(10)

•

(10)

-

98
96
94
89
83
73
69
63
27

100
100
100

94
87
84
71
55
36
26
26

12
6

16

3

9
(10>
(10)

1
1

-

PERCENT OF WORKERS BY TOTAL
PAID HOLIDAY TIME PROVIDED “
1 DAY OR MORE -----2 DATS OR MORE ----6 DAYS OR MORE ----7 DAYS OR MORE — ~
8 DAYS OR MORE ----9 DAYS OR MORE --- —
9 1/2 DAYS OR MORE •
10 DAYS OR MORE --11 DAYS OR M O R E --12 DAYS OR MORE --12 1/2 DAYS OR MORE
13 DAYS OR MORE --14 DAYS OR MORE — .
15 D A Y S ----- -------

(10)
(10)

98
98
93
91
83
35

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
so
12

12

-

-

SO

79
47
20

9
5
4
2

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




97
97
97
96
96
94

14

95
95
95
95
95
92
83
82
41
17
10

3
3

99
99
99
74
32
32
32
27
27

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Stamford, Conn., May 1976
Pl an t w o r k e r s

Office w o r k e r s

Item
All industries

PERCENT

OF

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

Pu b l i c utilities

All industries

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

Pu bl ic utilities

WORKERS
10 0

10 0

100

2

-

6

-

-

-

-

-

98
8A
1A

100
78
22

9A
9A
-

10 0
100
-

10 0
99
1

lo o
98
2

10 0
10 0
-

10 0
100
"

6 M O NT HS OE SERVICE:
U N D E R 1 W E E K ------------------------1 W E E K --------------------------------O V E R 1 A N D U N D E R 2 W E E K S -------2 W E E K S --------------------------------

17
39
2
1

16
A9
(10)
-

20
19
6
A

A0
20

3
69
11
2

1
7A
12
-

5
6A
11

27

3

18

1 Y E A R OF S E R V I C E *
1 W E E K --------------------------------O V E R 1 A N D U N D E R 2 W E E K S -------2 W E E K S -------------------------------O V E R 2 A N D U N O E R 3 W E E K S --------

28
9
59
2

11
1A
75
-

61
28
5

27
73
“

3
97
(10)

1
99
(10)

5
95
-

92

2 YE AR S OF SERVICE*
1 W E E K --------------------------------O V E R 1 A N O U N D E R 2 W E E K S -------2 WEEKS —
— — — —
—
—
—
—
O V E R 2 A N D U N D E R 3 W E E K S -------3 W E E K S --------------------------------

3
8
73
12
2

1
12
76
7
3

6
67
21
*

-

(10)
(10)
97
3
(10)

1
99
(10)
(10)

(10)
9A
5
*

73

3 YEARS OF SERVICE*
1 W E E K --------------- ----------------2 W E E K S -------------------------------O V E R 2 A N D U N D E R 3 W E E K S — ----3 W E E K S --------- -------- --------- ----

2
7A
12
10

1
78
1A
6

A
65
8
16

•
10 0
-

(10)
95
2
3

95
(10)
5

(10)
9A
A
1

73
27

YE AR S OF SERVICE*
1 W E E K --------------------------------2 WEEKS —
—
—
—
—
— —
—
O V E R 2 A N D U N D E R 3 W E E K S -------3 W E E K S --------------------------------

2
70
15
10

1
73
19
6

A
65
8
16

10 0
-

(10)
9A
3
3

9A
1
5

(10)
9A
A
1

73
27

YEARS OF SERVICE*
1 WEEK — — — —
—
—
—
—
—
2 W E E K S -------------------------------O V E R 2 A N D U N D E R 3 W E E K S — ----3 W E E K S -------------------------------O V E R 3 A N O U N D E R A W E E K S ----- —

(10)
65
9
20
A

—
71
9
13

(10>
5A
8
31
*

66
3A
*

*
56
5
*

61
1
38
*

*
“
50
9
A1
*

(10)
25
-

100
-

A
2
83
(10)
10

A
A
75
(10)
17

A
92
-

AMOUNT

A

5

1C

OF

PAID

WORKERS

VACATION

A F T E R * 12

YE AR S OF SERVICE*
1 W E E K --------------------------------2 WEEKS —
—
—
—
—
—
—
O V E R 2 A N D U N D E R 3 W E E K S -------3 WEEKS —
—
—
—
—
—
——
O V E R 3 A N O U N D E R A W E E K S -------A WEEKS

(10)
16
5

7
11

68

8
68

5
5

7
7

10 0
-

-

•

68
1

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s.




lo o

10 0

10 0

FULL-TIME

100

10 0

---------------

IN E S T A B L I S H M E N T S N O T P R O V I D I N G
P A 10 V A C A T I O N S -------------------------IN E S T A B L I S H M E N T S P R O V I D I N G
P A I D V A C A T I O N S -------------------------L E N G T H - O F - T I M E p a y m e n t -------- ----P E R C E N T A G E P A Y M E N T --------- ---------

ALL

15

39

3

-

39

8

*

•
27
*

•

*

-

*

31
69
*

•
-

86
■
*
14

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Stamford, Conn., May 1976— Continued
Pl a n t w o r k e r s
Item

amount

of

p a i d

va c a t i o n

All industries

after

Manufacturing

Office w o r k e r s

Nonmanufacturing

P u b l i c utilities

All industries

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

Pu b l i c utilities

12 -

CONTINUED

12 Y E A R S
1 WEEK
2 WEEKS
OVER 2
3 WEEKS
OVER 3
4 WEEKS
OVER 4

OF SERVICE:
------------------------------------------------------A N D U N D E R 3 W E E K S --------------------------------------A N O U N D E R 4 W E E K S -----------------------------A N O U N D E R 5 W E E K S — ------

(10)
14
3
64
12
(10)
4

8
5
71
9
(10)
7

(10)
25
51
16
1
*

10 0
-

I5 YEARS
1 WEEK
2 WEEKS
3 WEEKS
OVER 3
4 WEEKS
OVER 5

OF SERVICE:
— — — —
—
— — —
— ——
-------------------------------— —
—
— — —
— -----A N D U N D E R 4 W E E K S --------------------------------------A N D U N D E R 6 W E E K S --------

(10)
14
26
16
37
4

8
28
13
44
7

20

OF SE RV IC E:
—
— —— —
—
----------------------------— — —
—
—
—
—
A N D U N D E R 4 W E E K S --------------------------------------—
—
—
— —
—
— —
A N D U N D E R 6 W E E K S --------

(10)
14
6
9
58
7
4

YE AR S OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK —
— — —
—
— —
— —
2 WEEKS — — — —
— — — ------- ■
3 W E E K S -------------------------------OV ER 3 ANO U N DE R 4 WEEKS —
—
4 W E E K S -------------------------------O V E R 4 A N D U N D E R 5 W E E K S -------5 W E E K S -------------------------------O V E R 5 A N O U N D E R 6 W E E K S — ----6 W E E K S --------------------------------

(10)
14
4
2
36
11
20
4
6

8
1
47
7
21
7
9

Y E A R S OF S E R V I C E :
1 W E E K ---------------------------------2 WEEKS — —
—
—
—
— — —
3 WEEKS — — — —
—
— -----O V E R 3 A N D U N D E R 4 W E E K S — ----4 WEEKS — — — —
— —
— — — —
O V E R 4 A N D U N D E R 5 W E E K S -------5 WEEKS
1
O V E R 5 A N D U N D E R 6 W E E K S -------6 W E E K S --------------------------------

(10)
14
4
2
26
11
30
4
6

8
1
32
7
36
7
9

25

30

YEARS
1 WEEK
2 WEEKS
3 WEEKS
OVER 3
4 WEEKS
5 WEEKS
OVER 5

-

2
5
74
1
18
-

4
-

•

87
1
7
-

60

“

3
3
80
1
13
-

(10)
25
23
21
24
*

21
79
“

3
42
1
55
*

2
26
1
71
-

4
60
1
35
-

—
8
5
•
72
9
7

(10>
25
9
25
31
3
*

86
14
-

3
16
1
65
16
-

•

•

2
1
68
29
*

4
33
1
61
1

-

(10)
25
9
5
16
20
19

4
96
-

-

-

3
6
45
1
35
-

2
1
-

*

*

10

(10)
25
9
5
16
20
19
-

4
96
-

3
6
•
44
1
36
•

30

59
1
23

-

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




16

8
3

-

40
-

•
8
92
-

•
1
99
•
-

4
12
-

•

47
-

46
-

60
1
23
•

19

-

-

•

•

2
1

4
12

•
_

32
-

47
16
5

-

1

52
•

1
41
57
.

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Stamford, Conn., May 1976— Continued
O ffic e w o rk e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
Item
A ll in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A l l in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa c tu r in g

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

2

4

AMOUNT OF PAID VACATION AFTER 12 CONTINUED
MAXIMUM VACATION AVAILABLE*
2 WEEKS ---------------------------

OVER A AND UNDER

5

WEEKS ------

14

11

8

7

25
9

-

3

*

16
20

1

17

2

13

i
3

S e e footnotes at e n d of tables.




i

17

5

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

Table B-6. Health, insurance, and pension plans for full-time workers in Stamford, Conn., May 1976
Office w o r k e r s

P l an t w o r k e r s
Item

PERCENT

OF

All industries

Manufacturing

N o n m anuf ac tu r ing

Pu b l i c utilities

All industries

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

P u b l i c utilities

WORKERS
---------------

10 0

100

10 0

100

100

100

10 0

100

P R O V I D I N G AT
ONE OF THE BE NEFITS
B E L O W 13-------------------------------

96

100

87

10 0

99

10 0

99

100

L I F E I N S U R A N C E --------- --------------- ---N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S ----------------

88
76

10 0
89

65
49

10 0
80

99
84

100
88

97
78

100
67

I N S U R A N C E ----- --------P L A N S ----------------

73
61

81
70

57
43

10 0
80

73
57

90
66

53
45

100
67

AND ACCIDENT INSURANCE
L E A V E O R B O T H 14- ---------------

90

97

77

79

96

95

98

10 0

79
60

91
68

55
45

39
39

45
40

66
59

21
17

18
18

57

56

60

73

74

72

77

100

1

-

3

-

10

-

21

*

LONG-TERM DISABILITY
I N S U R A N C E ----------------------------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O P Y P L A N S ----- -----------

24
21

35
31

4

-

(10>

-

67
44

71
45

62
43

19
5

H O S P I T A L I Z A T I O N I N S U R A N C E -------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S ----------------

92
56

95
47

87
75

10 0
10 0

99
64

99
59

99
70

10 0
85

S U R G I C A L I N S U R A N C E -----------------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y p l a n s ----------- — —

92
56

95
47

87
75

10 0
10 0

99
64

99
59

99
70

10 0
85

MEDICAL INSURANCE
NONCONTRIBUTORY

92
56

95
47

87
75

10 0
10 0

99
64

99
59

99
70

10 0
85

-------------------------------

94
55

10 0
52

81
62

10 0
100

99
64

10 0
60

99
69

10 0
85

D E N T A L I N S U R A N C E -------------------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S ----------------

39
29

45

29

27
27

76
76

34
30

49
44

17
15

83
69

R E T I R E M E N T P E N S I O N ----------------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S ----------------

79
61

88
63

61
57

83
83

81
65

97
79

63
49

93
92

ALL
IN e s t
LEAST
SHOWN

FULL-TIME

WORKERS

a b l i s h m e n t s

a c c i den tal

de at h

DISMEMBERMENT

and

n o n c o n t r i b u t o r y

SICKNESS
OR SICK

SI CK NE SS AND ACCIDENT
I N S U R A N C E ------------------------— ----N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S -------- ----sick
l e av e
(Fu l l p a y a n d n o
W A I T I N G P E R I O D ) ------ -------- ---- ---SI C K L E A V E ( P A R T I A L P A Y OR
W A I T I N G P E R I O D ) ----------------------

------------------------P L A N S ----------------

MAJOR MEDICAL INSURANCE
NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS

See

footnotes

at

end




of

tables.

18

Footnotes
A ll o f th ese stan dard fo o tn o te s m a y not apply to this b u lletin .

L e s s than 0.05 p e r c e n t.
L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.
11
A ll com b in a tion s o f fu ll and h a lf days that add to the sa m e am ount
are co m b in e d ; fo r e x a m p le , the p r o p o rtio n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a total o f
1 0 days in clu d es th ose with 10 fu ll days and no h alf d a ys,
9 fu ll days and
2 h alf d a y s, 8 fu ll days and 4 h a lf d a y s, and so on. P r o p o r tio n s then w e re
cu m u la ted.
12
In clu des paym en ts oth er than "len g th o f t i m e , " such as p e rce n ta g e
o f annual ea rn in g s o r fla t-s u m p a ym en ts, c o n v e rte d to an equ ivalent tim e
b a s is ; fo r ex a m p le, 2 p e r c e n t o f annual earn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's
pay. P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e are ch o s e n a r b itr a r ily and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t
individu al p r o v is io n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n ; fo r ex a m p le , changes in p r o p o rtio n s
at 10 y e a r s in clu de ch a n ges b etw een 5 and 10 y e a r s .
E stim a tes are cu m u ­
la tiv e .
T h us, the p r o p o r t io n e lig ib le fo r at le a s t 3 w e e k s ' pay after 10 y e a r s
in clu d e s th ose e lig ib le fo r at le a s t 3 w e e k s ' pay after fe w e r y ea rs o f s e r v ic e .
13
E s tim a te s lis te d a fter type o f b en efit are fo r all
plans fo r w hich
at le a s t a p a rt o f the c o s t is b orn e by the e m p lo y e r . "N o n co n trib u to ry
p la n s " in clu de on ly th ose fin a n ced e n tir e ly b y the e m p lo y e r .
E x clu ded
are le g a lly r e q u ire d p la n s, su ch as w o r k e r s d is a b ility com p en sa tion , s o c ia l
s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t.
14
U n du plicated total o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r sick n e ss and
a ccid e n t in su ra n ce shown s e p a r a te ly b elow .
Sick lea v e plans are lim ite d to
th ose w h ich d e fin ite ly e sta b lis h at le a s t the m in im u m num ber o f d a y s ' pay
that each e m p lo y e e can e x p e ct.
In form a l s ic k le a v e allow an ces d eterm in ed
on an in dividu al b a s is are e x clu d ed .
9

10

1
Standard h ou rs r e fle c t the w ork w eek fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e
th eir re g u la r s t r a ig h t -tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r o v e r t im e at r e g ­
u la r a n d /o r p re m iu m r a te s ), and the ea rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th ese w eek ly
h ou rs.
2
The m ea n is com pu ted fo r each jo b by totaling the ea rn in g s o f all
w o r k e r s and d iv id in g by the n um ber o f w o r k e r s .
The m ed ian d esig n a tes
p o s itio n — h alf o f the w o r k e r s r e c e iv e m o r e and h a lf r e c e iv e le s s than the
rate show n. The m id d le ran ge is d efin ed by two ra te s o f pay: a fou rth o f
the w o r k e r s earn le s s than the lo w e r o f th ese ra te s and a fou rth earn m o r e
than the h igh er r a te .
3
E a rn in gs data r e la te on ly to w o r k e r s w h ose s e x id en tifica tion w as
p rov id ed by the esta b lish m en t.
4
E x clu d es p re m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e and fo r w ork on w eek en d s,
h olid a y s, and late sh ifts.
5
F o r m a lly e sta b lis h e d m in im u m r e g u la r s t r a ig h t-tim e h irin g s a la r ie s
that a r e paid f o r standard w o rk w e e k s.
6
E x clu d es w o r k e r s in s u b c le r ic a l jo b s su ch as m e s s e n g e r .
7
D ata are p r e se n te d fo r all standard w ork w eek s com b in ed , and fo r
the m o s t co m m o n standard w ork w eek s r e p o r te d .
8
In cludes all plant w o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts c u r r e n tly op era tin g
la te sh ifts, and esta b lish m en ts w h ose fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r la te sh ifts,
even though the esta b lish m en ts w e re not c u r r e n tly op era tin g late s h ifts.




19

Appendix A
all in d u str ie s co m b in e d . E a rn in gs data fo r so m e o f the o c cu p a tio n s lis t e d and
d e s c r ib e d , o r fo r so m e in d u stry d iv is io n s w ithin the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y , are
not p r e s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s t a b le s , b e c a u s e e ith e r (1) em p loy m en t in the
o c cu p a tio n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it p r e s e n ta tio n , o r (2)
th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in div idu al esta b lis h m e n t data. S ep a ra te
m e n 's and w o m e n 's ea rn in g s data a re not p r e s e n te d w hen the n u m b er o f
w o r k e r s not id e n tifie d b y s e x is 20 p e r c e n t o r m o r e o f the m en o r w om en
id e n tifie d in an o c cu p a tio n . E a rn in gs data not show n se p a r a te ly f o r in d u stry
d iv is io n s a r e in clu d ed in data fo r a ll in d u s tr ie s co m b in e d .
L ik e w is e , data
a re in clu d ed in the o v e r a ll c la s s ific a t io n when a s u b c la s s ific a t io n o f e l e c ­
t r o n ic s te c h n ic ia n s , s e c r e t a r ie s , o r tr u c k d r iv e r s is not show n o r in fo rm a tio n
to s u b c la s s ify is not a v a ila b le .

A r e a w age and r e la te d b e n e fits data are obtain ed by p e r s o n a l v is it s
o f B u reau fie ld r e p r e s e n ta tiv e s at 3 -y e a r in te r v a ls . * In ea ch o f the in te r v e n ­
1
ing y e a r s , in fo rm a tio n on em p loy m en t and o c cu p a tio n a l earn in g s is c o lle c t e d
by a com b in a tion o f p e r s o n a l v is it , m a il q u e s tio n n a ir e , and telep h on e in t e r ­
v ie w fr o m e sta b lis h m e n ts p a rticip a tin g in the p r e v io u s su r v e y .
In ea ch o f the 8 4 2 a re a s c u r re n tly su r v e y e d , data a re obtain ed
fr o m r e p r e s e n ta tiv e e sta b lis h m e n ts w ithin six b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s :
M an u fa ctu rin g; tr a n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s ;
w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e ta il tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l esta te ; and
s e r v ic e s . M a jo r in d u stry g rou p s ex clu d e d fr o m th e se studies a re g overn m en t
o p e r a tio n s and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s .
E sta b lish m en ts
having fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a r e om itted b e c a u s e o f
in s u ffic ie n t e m p loy m en t in the o c cu p a tio n s stu d ied. S ep arate tabu la tion s are
p r o v id e d f o r ea ch o f the b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s w h ich m eet p u b lica tion
c r it e r ia .

O ccu p a tio n a l e m p loy m en t and ea rn in g s data a r e show n f o r fu ll-tim e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o se h ir e d to w ork a r e g u la r w e e k ly sc h e d u le . E a rn in g s data
ex clu d e p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e and fo r w ork on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
la te s h ifts. N on p rod u ction b on u ses a re e x clu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a llo w a n ce s
and in ce n tiv e b on u se s a re in clu d e d . W eek ly h ou rs f o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l and
p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c cu p a tio n s r e fe r to the stan dard w ork w eek
(rou n ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf h ou r) f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e r e g u la r
s t r a ig h t -tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay f o r o v e r t im e at re g u la r a n d /o r
p r e m iu m r a te s ). A v e r a g e w e e k ly ea rn in g s fo r th e se o ccu p a tio n s are rounded
to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

T h e se s u r v e y s are con d u cted on a sa m p le b a s is .
The sa m plin g
p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d eta iled s t r a tific a tio n o f a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts w ithin the
s c o p e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y by in d u stry and n u m ber o f e m p lo y e e s .
F r o m th is s tr a tifie d u n iv e r se a p r o b a b ility sa m p le is s e le c t e d , w ith ea ch
esta b lis h m e n t having a p r e d e te r m in e d chance o f s e le c t io n . To obtain op tim u m
a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a te r p r o p o r t io n o f la r g e than s m a ll e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts is s e le c t e d . When data a re c o m b in e d , e a ch esta b lish m en t is w eigh ted
a c c o r d in g to its p r o b a b ility o f s e le c t io n , so that u n biased e s tim a te s are
g e n e ra te d . F o r e x a m p le , i f one out o f fo u r e sta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c t e d , it is
given a w eigh t o f fou r to r e p r e s e n t it s e lf plus th re e o th e r s . An altern a te o f
the sa m e o r ig in a l p r o b a b ility is ch osen in the sa m e in d u s t r y -s iz e c l a s s i f i ­
cation if data a re not a v a ila b le fr o m the o r ig in a l sa m p le m e m b e r . If no
su itab le su bstitu te is a v a ila b le , a d d ition a l w eigh t is a s sig n e d to a sa m p le
m e m b e r that is s im ila r to the m is s in g unit.

T h e se s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the le v e l o f o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s in .an a r e a
at a p a r t ic u la r tim e . C o m p a r is o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c cu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
tim e m a y not r e fle c t e x p e cte d w age ch a n g e s.
The a v e r a g e s fo r in d iv id u al
jo b s a re a ffe c te d b y ch a n ges in w a g es and em p lo y m e n t p a tte r n s. F o r e x a m p le ,
p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y h ig h - o r lo w -w a g e fir m s m a y ch a n ge,
o r h ig h -w a g e w o r k e r s m a y ad va n ce to b e tte r jo b s and be r e p la c e d by new
w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a te s .
Such sh ifts in em p lo y m e n t cou ld d e c r e a s e an
o c cu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e ev en though m o s t e sta b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a in c r e a s e
w a g es during the y e a r . C hanges in ea rn in g s o f o c cu p a tio n a l g r o u p s , show n in
ta b le A - 7, a re b e tte r in d ic a t o r s o f w age tr e n d s than a r e ea rn in g s changes fo r
in d iv id u a l jo b s w ithin the g ro u p s.

O ccu p a tion s and ea rn in g s
O ccu p a tion s s e le c t e d f o r study a re c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty o f m anu ­
fa ctu rin g and n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s , and a re o f the fo llo w in g ty p e s : (1)
O ffic e c le r i c a l; (2) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (3) m a in ten a n ce, t o o lr o o m ,
and p ow erp la n t; and (4) m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t and c u s to d ia l. O ccu p a tion a l
c la s s ific a t io n is b a s e d on a u n ifo rm set o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d esig n ed to
take accou n t o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n in du ties w ithin the sa m e jo b .
O ccu p a tion s s e le c t e d fo r study a r e lis te d and d e s c r ib e d in appendix B .
U n less o th e r w is e in d ic a te d , the ea rn in g s data fo llo w in g the jo b title s a re fo r

A v e ra g e e a rn in g s r e fle c t c o m p o s ite , a re a w id e e s tim a te s . In d u stries
and e sta b lis h m e n ts d iffe r in pay le v e l and jo b s ta ffin g , and thus con trib u te
d iffe r e n tly to the e s tim a te s f o r ea ch jo b . P a y a v e r a g e s m a y fa il to r e fle c t
a c c u r a t e ly the w age d iffe r e n tia l am ong jo b s in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
A v e r a g e pay le v e ls fo r m en and w om en in s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n s
sh ou ld not be a s su m e d to r e fle c t d iffe r e n c e s in pay o f the s e x e s w ithin
in d iv id u a l e sta b lis h m e n ts .
F a c t o r s w h ich m a y con trib u te to d iffe r e n c e s
in clu d e p r o g r e s s io n w ithin e s ta b lis h e d rate ra n ges (on ly the r a te s p a id
in cu m b en ts a re c o lle c t e d ) and p e r fo r m a n c e o f s p e c ifi c duties w ith in the
g e n e r a l su r v e y jo b d e s c r ip t io n s . Job d e s c r ip tio n s u sed to c la s s ify e m p lo y e e s
in th e se s u r v e y s u su a lly a re m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th o se u s e d -in in d iv id u a l
e sta b lis h m e n ts and a llo w f o r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong esta b lis h m e n ts in
s p e c ifi c du ties p e r fo r m e d .

1 Personal visits were on a 2-year cycle before July 1972.
2 Included in the 84 areas are 14 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are Akron,
Ohio; Austin, Tex.; Binghamton, N.Y. —Pa.; Birmingham, Ala.; Fort Lauderdale—Hollywood and West Palm
Beach—Boca Raton, Fla. ; Lexington—
Fayette, Ky.; Melbourne—Titusville—Cocoa, Fla.; Norfolk—Virginia Beach—
Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, Va. —N. C .; Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N. Y . ; Raleigh—
Durham, N .C .; Stamford, Conn.; Syracuse, N .Y .; Utica—Rome, N .Y .; and Westchester County, N.Y. In
addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 100 areas at the request of the
Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department of Labor.




20

O ccu p a tion a l em p loy m en t estim a te s r e p re s e n t the tota l in all e s ta b ­
lish m en ts w ithin the s c o p e o f the study and not the n u m b er a ctu a lly s u rv e y e d .
B e ca u se o c cu p a tio n a l s tru c tu re s am ong e sta b lis h m e n ts d iffe r , e stim a te s o f
o ccu p a tio n a l em p loy m en t obtain ed fr o m the sa m p le o f e sta b lis h m e n ts studied
s e r v e on ly to in d ica te the r e la tiv e im p o rta n ce o f the jo b s stu d ied.
T h e se
d iffe r e n c e s in o ccu p a tio n a l stru ctu re do not a ffe ct m a te r ia lly the a c c u r a c y o f
the earn in g s data.

P e r c e n t changes fo r in dividu al a re a s in the p r o g r a m are com pu ted
as fo llo w s :
1.

E ach o c cu p a tio n is a s sig n e d a w eigh t b a se d on its p r o ­
p ortion a te em p loym en t in the occu p a tio n a l grou p in the
base y ea r.

2.

T h e se w eigh ts a re u sed to com pu te g rou p a v e r a g e s .
E a ch o c c u p a t io n 's a v e ra g e (m ean) earn in g s is m u ltip lied
by its w eigh t. The p ro d u cts are tota led to obtain a grou p
average.

3.

The ratio o f grou p a v e r a g e s fo r 2 c o n s e cu tiv e y e a r s is
com p u ted by dividing the a v era g e fo r the cu rren t y e a r
by the a v e ra g e fo r the e a r lie r y e a r .
The resu lt—
e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t— le s s 100 is the p e r ce n t change.

W age tren d s fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l grou ps
The p e r ce n t in c r e a s e s p r e s e n te d in ta b le A -7 a r e b a s e d on changes
in a v e ra g e h o u rly ea rn in g s fo r esta b lis h m e n ts r e p o rtin g the tre n d jo b s in both
the cu rren t and p r e v io u s y e a r (m a tch ed e sta b lis h m e n ts ).
The data are
a d ju sted to r e m o v e the e ffe c t on a v e ra g e ea rn in g s o f em p loym en t sh ifts
am ong e sta b lish m en ts and tu r n o v e r o f e sta b lish m e n ts in clu d ed in su r v e y
s a m p le s .
The p e r ce n t in c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a re still a ffe c te d by fa c to r s
o th e r than w age in c r e a s e s .
H irin g s , la y o ffs , and tu r n o v e r m a y a ffe ct an
esta b lish m en t a v e ra g e fo r an occu p a tio n w hen w o r k e r s are p a id under plans
p r o v id in g a ran ge o f w age ra tes fo r in dividu al jo b s . In p e r io d s o f in c r e a s e d
h irin g , fo r e x a m p le , new e m p lo y e e s en ter at the b o tto m o f the ra n ge,
d e p r e s s in g the a v e ra g e w ithout a change in w age r a te s .

F o r a m o r e d eta iled d e s c r ip tio n o f the m eth od used to com pu te
th e se w age tr e n d s , see "Im p r o v in g A r e a W age S u rvey I n d e x e s ," M onthly
L a b or R e v ie w , Janu ary 1973, pp. 5 2 -5 7 .
E sta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s

The p e r ce n t changes rela te to w age changes betw een the in d ica ted
d a tes. When the tim e span b etw een s u rv e y s is o th e r than 12 m on th s,
annual ra tes are show n.
(It is a s su m e d that w ag es in c r e a s e at a constant
rate b etw een s u r v e y s .)

The in c id e n c e o f s e le c t e d esta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su pp lem en tary
w age p r o v is io n s is stud ied f o r plant w o r k e r s and o ffic e w o r k e r s .
Plant
w o r k e r s in clu d e n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s and w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s en gaged in
n o n o ffic e fu n ctio n s.
(C a fe te r ia w o r k e r s and route w o rk e r s a re ex clu d ed
in m a n u factu rin g in d u s tr ie s , but in clu d e d in n onm an ufacturin g in d u s tr ie s .)
O ffic e w o r k e r s in clu d e n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s and w orkin g s u p e r v is o r s
p e r fo r m in g c l e r i c a l o r re la te d fu n ctio n s.
L ead w o r k e r s and tr a in e e s are
in clu d ed am ong n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s .
A d m in istra tiv e , e x e c u tiv e , and
p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s and c o n s tr u c tio n w o r k e r s u tilize d as sep a ra te w ork
forces
are e x c l u d e d fr o m both the plant an d o ffic e w o r k e r c a te g o r ie s .

O ccu p a tion s u sed to com pu te w age tren d s a re :
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m en and
w o m e n ):
S e c r e t a r ie s
S te n o g r a p h e rs , g e n e ra l
S te n o g r a p h e rs , s e n io r
T y p is t s , c la s s e s A and B
F ile c le r k s , c la s s e s A ,
B , and C
M essen g ers
O r d e r c le r k s , c la s s e s A
and B
A ccou n tin g c le r k s ,
c la s s e s A and B
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e
o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B
P a y r o ll c le r k s
K eypu n ch o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s e s A and B
T a b u la tin g -m a ch in e
o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B

E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g
(m en and w o m e n ):
C om p u ter s y s te m s
a n a ly s ts , c la s s e s
A , B , and C




E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g
(m en and w om en )—
Continued
C om p u ter p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c la s s e s A , B , and C
C om p u ter o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s e s A , B , and C

M in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s (table B - l ) . M inim u m en tran ce s a la r ie s
fo r o ffic e w o r k e r s re la te on ly to the e sta b lish m e n ts v is it e d . B e c a u se o f the
op tim u m sa m p lin g tech n iq u es u sed and the p r o b a b ility 't h a t la r g e e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts a re m o r e lik e ly than s m a ll e sta b lish m en ts to have fo r m a l en tran ce
rates above the s u b c le r ic a l le v e l, the ta b le is m o r e re p re s e n ta tiv e o f p o lic ie s
in m ed iu m and la r g e e sta b lis h m e n ts .

In d u stria l n u r se s (m en and
w o m e n ):
R e g is te r e d in d u stria l
n u rse s

Shift d iffe r e n t ia ls — m a n u factu rin g (table B - 2 ) . Data w e re c o lle c te d
on p o li c ie s o f m a n u factu rin g esta b lis h m e n ts reg a rd in g pay d iffe r e n tia ls fo r
plant w o r k e r s on late sh ifts .
E s ta b lish m en ts c o n s id e r e d as having p o lic ie s
a re th o se w h ich (1) have p r o v is io n s in w ritin g c o v e r in g the o p e r a tio n o f late
sh ifts , o r (2) have o p e r a te d late sh ifts at any tim e during tlie 12 m onths
p r e ce d in g a s u r v e y .
W hen esta b lis h m e n ts have s e v e r a l d iffe r e n tia ls w hich
v a r y by jo b , the d iffe r e n tia l applying to the m a jo r ity o f the plant w o r k e r s is
r e c o r d e d . W hen esta b lis h m e n ts have d iffe r e n tia ls w h ich apply on ly to certa in
h ou rs o f w o rk , the d iffe r e n tia l applying to the m a jo r ity o f the sh ift h ou rs is
record ed .

S k illed m a in ten an ce (m en
and w o m e n ):
C a rp en ters
E le ct r ic ia n s
P a in te rs
M a ch in ists
M e ch a n ics (m a ch in ery )
M e ch a n ics (m o to r v e h ic le )
P ip e fitte r s
T o o l and die m a k e rs

F o r p u r p o s e s o f th is study, a late sh ift is e ith e r a s e c o n d (evenin g)
sh ift w h ich ends at o r n ea r m idn igh t o r a th ird (night) sh ift w hich sta rts at o r
n e a r m idnigh t.

U n sk illed plant (m en and
w o m e n ):
J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and
c le a p e r s
M a te r ia l handling la b o r e r s

D iffe re n tia ls fo r s e c o n d and th ird sh ifts a re su m m a r iz e d se p a r a te ly
f o r (1) esta b lis h m e n t p o lic ie s (an e s ta b lis h m e n t's d iffe r e n tia ls a re w eigh ted by

21

a ll plant w o r k e r s in the e sta b lis h m e n t at the tim e o f the su r v e y ) and (2)
e ffe c t iv e p r a c t ic e s (an e s t a b lis h m e n t's d iffe r e n tia ls a re w eigh ted by plant
w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d sh ift at the tim e o f the s u r v e y ).

w h ich the e m p lo y e r has con trib u ted , o r (3) b o r n e d ir e c tly by the e m p lo y e r
out o f o p e ra tin g funds o r a fund set a sid e to c o v e r the c o s t.
A plan is
in clu d ed ev en though a m a jo r ity o f the e m p lo y e e s in an esta b lis h m e n t do not
c h o o s e to p a rticip a te in it b e c a u s e th ey a re r e q u ir e d to b e a r part o f its c o s t
(p r o v id e d the c h o ic e to p a rticip a te is a v a ila b le o r w ill ev en tu a lly b e c o m e
a v a ila b le to a m a jo r it y ). L e g a lly r e q u ir e d pla n s su ch as s o c ia l s e c u r it y , r a i l ­
roa d r e tir e m e n t, w o r k e r s ' d is a b ility c o m p e n sa tio n , and te m p o r a r y d is a b ility
in s u r a n c e 3 a re e x clu d e d .

S ch ed u led w e e k ly h o u r s ; pa id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a tio n s ; and h ea lth ,
in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n p la n s . P r o v is io n s w h ich apply to a m a jo r ity o f the
plant o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s in an esta b lis h m e n t a re c o n s id e r e d to apply to all
plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s in the e s ta b lis h m e n t; a p r a c t ic e o r p r o v is io n is
c o n s id e r e d n on ex isten t w hen it a p p lies to le s s than a m a jo r ity .
H o lid a y s;
v a c a tio n s ; and h ealth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n plans a r e c o n s id e r e d a p p lica b le
to e m p lo y e e s c u r re n tly e lig ib le fo r the b e n e fits as w e ll as to e m p lo y e e s who
w ill ev en tu a lly b e c o m e e lig ib le .

th rou g h

A c c id e n ta l death and d is m e m b e r m e n t is lim ite d to pla n s w hich
p r o v id e b e n e fit pa ym en ts in c a s e o f death o r lo s s o f lim b o r sigh t as a
d ir e c t r e s u lt o f an a c c id e n t.

S ch ed u led w eek ly h ou rs and days (table B - 3 ) . S ch ed u led w eek ly
h ou rs and days r e fe r to the n u m b er o f h ou rs and days p e r w eek w h ich fu ll­
tim e fir s t (day) sh ift w o r k e r s a re e x p e cte d to w o r k , w h eth er p a id fo r at
s t r a ig h t -tim e o r o v e r t im e r a te s .

S ick n e ss and a ccid e n t in su r a n ce in clu d e s on ly th o se pla n s w h ich
p r o v id e that p r e d e te r m in e d ca sh p a ym en ts be m ade d ir e c t ly to e m p lo y e e s
who lo s e tim e fr o m w o rk b e c a u s e o f illn e s s o r in ju r y , e .g ., $ 50 a w eek fo r
up to 26 w eek s o f d is a b ility .

P a id h o lid a y s (table B - 4 ) . H olid ay s a re in clu d ed on ly i f th ey
a re g ra n ted annually on a fo r m a l b a s is (p r o v id e d f o r in w ritten fo r m o r
e s ta b lis h e d b y c u s to m ) and e m p lo y e e s a re p a id f o r the tim e o ff.
T h ey are
in clu d ed ev en though in a p a r t ic u la r y e a r th ey fa ll on a n on w orkd ay and
e m p lo y e e s are not g ra n ted an oth er day o ff.

S ick le a v e plan s a re lim ite d to fo r m a l p la n s 4 w h ich p r o v id e fo r
continu in g an e m p lo y e e 's pay during a b se n ce fr o m w o rk b e c a u s e o f ill n e s s .
Data c o lle c t e d d istin g u ish betw een (1) pla n s w h ich p r o v id e fu ll pay w ith no
w aitin g p e r io d , and (2) plans w h ich e ith e r p r o v id e p a rtia l pay o r r e q u ir e a
w aitin g p e r io d .

Data a re ta b u la ted to sh ow the p e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s who (1) a re gra n ted
s p e c ific n u m b ers o f w h ole and h a lf h o lid a y s and (2) a r e g ra n ted s p e c ifie d
am ounts o f to ta l h o lid a y tim e (w hole and h a lf h o lid a y s a re a g g re g a te d ).

L o n g -t e r m d is a b ility in su r a n ce pla n s p r o v id e paym en ts to to ta lly
d is a b le d e m p lo y e e s upon the e x p ir a tio n o f th e ir p a id s ic k lea v e a n d /o r s i c k ­
n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e , o r a fte r a p r e d e te r m in e d p e r io d o f d is a b ility
(ty p ic a lly 6 m o n th s).
P a y m en ts a re m a de until the end o f the d is a b ility , a
m a x im u m a g e, o r e lig ib ilit y f o r r e tir e m e n t b e n e fit s .
F u ll o r p a rtia l p a y ­
m en ts a r e a lm o s t alw ays re d u c e d b y s o c ia l s e c u r it y , w o r k e r s ' d is a b ility
co m p e n sa tio n , and p r iv a te p e n sio n b e n e fits p a y a b le to the d is a b le d e m p lo y e e .

P a id v a ca tio n s (table B - 5 ) . E s ta b lis h m e n ts r e p o rt th e ir m eth od o f
ca lcu la tin g v a c a tio n pa y (tim e b a s i s , p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s , fla t -s u m
p a y m en t, e t c .) and the am ount o f v a c a tio n pay g ra n ted . O nly b a s ic fo r m a l
pla n s a r e r e p o r te d . V a ca tio n b o n u s e s , v a c a tio n -s a v in g s p la n s , and "e x te n d e d "
o r " s a b b a t ic a l" b e n e fits b ey on d b a s ic plans a r e ex clu d ed .

F o r tabu latin g v a c a tio n pa y g ra n ted , a ll p r o v is io n s a r e e x p r e s s e d
on a tim e b a s is .
V a ca tio n pay c a lc u la te d on o th e r than a tim e b a s is is
c o n v e rte d to its eq u ivalen t tim e p e r io d .
T w o p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s ,
fo r e x a m p le , is ta bu la ted as 1 w e e k 's v a c a tio n pay.

H o s p ita liz a tio n , s u r g ic a l, and m e d ic a l in s u r a n ce plans r e p o r te d
in th e s e su r v e y s p r o v id e fu ll o r p a r tia l p a ym en t f o r b a s ic s e r v ic e s r e n d e r e d .
^ Temporary disability insurance which provides benefits to covered workers disabled by injury or illness
which is not woik-connected is mandatory under State laws in California, New Jersey, New York, and Rhode
Island. Establishment plans which meet only the legal requirements are excluded from these data, but those
under which (1) employers contribute more than is legally required or (2) benefits exceed those specified in the
State law are included. In Rhode Island, benefits are paid out of a State fund to which only employees
contribute. In each of the other three States, benefits are paid either from a State fund or through a private plan:
State fund financing: In California, only employees contribute to the State fund; in New Jersey, employees
and employers contribute; in New York, employees contribute up to a specified maximum and employers
pay the difference between the employees' share and the total contribution required.

A l s o , p r o v is io n s a fte r e a c h s p e c ifie d length o f s e r v ic e a re r e la te d
to a ll plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s in an e sta b lis h m e n t r e g a r d le s s o f length o f
s e r v ic e . V a ca tio n pla n s c o m m o n ly p r o v id e f o r la r g e r am ount o f v a ca tio n pay
as s e r v ic e len gth en s. Counts o f plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s b y len gth o f s e r v ic e
w e r e not ob ta in ed . The ta bu la tion s o f v a c a tio n pay g ra n ted p r e s e n t s , t h e r e ­
f o r e , s t a t is t ic a l m e a s u r e s o f th e s e p r o v is io n s ra th er than p r o p o r t io n s o f
w o r k e r s a ctu a lly r e c e iv in g s p e c ifi c b e n e fit s .

Private plan financing: In California and New Jersey, employees cannot be required to contribute more
than they would if they were covered by the State fund; in New York, employees can agree to contribute
more if the State rules that the additional contribution is commensurate with the benefit provided.
Federal legislation (Railroad Unemployment Insurance Act) provides temporary disability insurance benefits
to railroad workers for illness or injury, whether work-connected or not. The legislation requires that employers
bear the entire cost of the insurance.
4 An establishment is considered as having a formal plan if it specifies at least the minimum number of
days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be written, but informal sick leave
allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.

H ealth, in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n plans (table B - 6 ) . H ealth, in s u r a n c e ,
and p e n sio n plans in clu d e plan s f o r w h ich the e m p lo y e r pays e ith e r a ll o r
p a rt o f the c o s t.
The c o s t m a y b e (1) u n d erw ritten b y a c o m m e r c ia l
in s u r a n ce com p a n y o r n o n p ro fit o r g a n iz a tio n , (2) c o v e r e d b y a union fund to




L ife in su r a n ce in clu d e s fo r m a l plans p r o v id in g in d em n ity (u su ally
an in su r a n ce p o lic y ) in c a s e o f death o f the c o v e r e d w o r k e r .

22

"d e d u c tib le " (e .g ., $ 5 0 ) be m et b e fo r e b en efits b e g in , (2) has a c o in s u ra n c e
fea tu re that r e q u ir e s the in su re d to pay a p o r tio n ( e .g ., 20 p e r c e n t) o f
c e rta in e x p e n s e s , and (3) has a s p e c ifie d d o lla r m a xim u m o f b en efits (e .g .,
$ 10, 000 a y e a r ).

H osp ita liza tion in su ra n ce c o v e r s h o sp ita l r o o m and b o a rd and m a y c o v e r
oth er h o sp ita l e x p e n s e s. S u r g ic a l in su ra n ce c o v e r s s u r g e o n s ' fe e s . M e d ica l
in su ra n ce c o v e r s d o c t o r s ' fe e s fo r h o m e , o f f ic e , o r h osp ita l c a lls .
Plans
r e s t r ic t e d to p o s t -o p e r a t iv e m e d ic a l c a r e o r a d o c t o r 's c a r e fo r m in o r
ailm en ts at a w o r k e r 's p la ce o f em p loym en t a re not c o n s id e r e d to be
m e d ic a l in su ra n ce .

D ental in su ra n ce plans p r o v id e n o rm a l dental s e r v ic e b e n e fit s ,
u su ally fo r fillin g s , e x tr a c tio n s , and X - r a y s . P la n s w h ich p r o v id e b en efits
on ly f o r o r a l s u r g e r y o r re p a ir in g a ccid en t dam age a re not re p o rte d .
R e tire m e n t p e n sio n plans p r o v id e fo r r e g u la r paym ents to the r e tir e e
fo r life .
In cluded a re d e fe r r e d p r o fit-s h a r in g plans w hich p ro v id e the option
o f p u rch a sin g a life t im e annuity.

M a jo r m e d ic a l in su ra n ce c o v e r a g e a p p lies to s e r v ic e s w h ich go
beyon d the b a s ic s e r v ic e s c o v e r e d under h o sp ita liz a tio n , s u r g ic a l, and
m e d ic a l in su ra n ce .
M a jo r m e d ic a l in su ra n ce ty p ic a lly (1) r e q u ir e s that a




23

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
in Stamford, Conn., May 1976
Number of establishments
Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Industry d iv isio n 2

W orkers in establishments
Within scope of study

Within scope
of study3

Studied

T otal4

Studied
Number

Percent

F ull-tim e
plant w orkers

F ull-tim e
o ffice w orkers

T otal4

243
M A N U f A C T I J P I N G ------ ------------------------ ----------- —
N O N M A N U F A C T U P I N G ----------------------------------------T R AN SP OR TA TI ON * CO MM UN I C A T I O N , AND
ot he r
P U B L I C u t i l i t i e s 5 -------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE
-------- ---------- -----------------RETAIL TRADE
FINANCE, INSURANCE, AND REAL ESTATE
— -------S E R V I C E S 8 --------------------- — ----------------------

99

40,703

100

14,413

9,707

22,641

50

94
149

33
66

23,609
17,094

58
42

9,404
5,009

5,222
4,485

14,383
8,258

50
50
50
50
50

19
22
52
21
35

11
10
17
9
19

2,232
1,561
6,069
3,940
3,292

5
4
15
10
8

926
(6 )
<6 )
<7>
(6 )

719
<6 )
<6 >
<8 )
<6 )

1,387
708
2,128
2,089
1,946

1 The Stamford Standard M etropolitan Statistical A rea, as defined by the Office of Management and Budget through February 1974, con sists of the city of Stam ford; and Darien, Greenwich, and
New Canaan towns in F a irfield County. The "w orkers within scope of study" estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and com position of the la bor fo rce
included in the survey. Estim ates are not intended, how ever, fo r com parison with other employm ent indexes to m easure employm ent trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires
establishm ent data com piled con siderably in advance of the p a yroll period studied, and (2) sm all establishm ents are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1967 edition o f the Standard Industrial C lassification Manual was used to cla ss ify establishm ents by industry division.
3 Includes all establishm ents with total em ploym ent at or above the minimum lim itation. A ll outlets (within the area) of com panies in industries such as trade, finance, auto repair s e rv ice , and
m otion picture theaters are con sid ered as 1 establishm ent.
4 Includes executive, profession a l, p art-tim e, and other w orkers excluded fro m the separate plant and o ffice ca tegories.
5 A bbreviated to "public u tilities" in the A - and B -s e r ie s tables. Taxicabs and se rv ice s incidental to water transportation are excluded.
6 This division is represented in estim ates fo r "a ll in d ustries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the A -s e r ie s tables, and fo r "a ll industries" in the B -s e rie s tables. Separate presentation of data is
not made for one o r m ore of the follow ing reasons:
(1) Employment is too sm all to provide enough data to m e rit separate study, (2) the sam ple was not designed initially to perm it separate
presentation,

(3) r e s p o n s e w a s

insufficient o r i n a d e q u a t e to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e presentation,

and

(4) the r e is possibility of d i s c l o s u r e of individual

e s t a b l i s h m e n t data.

7 W orkers from this entire division are represented in estim ates for "all industries" and "nonm anufacturing" in the A -s e r ie s tables, but fro m the rea l
estate portion
only in estim ates fo r "all
in d u stries" and "nonm anufacturing" in the B -se rie s tables. Separate presentation of data is not made fo r one or m ore of the reasons given in footnote 6,
8 Hotels and m otels; laundries and other personal s e rv ice s ; business s e rv ice s ; automobile repair, rental, and parking; m otion p ictures; nonprofit m em bership organizations (excluding religious
and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectural s e rv ice s .

Industrial com position in manufacturing
A lm ost tw o-fifths of the w orkers within the scope of the survey in the Stamford
area w ere em ployed in manufacturing fir m s . The following presents the m ajor industry
groups and s p ecific industries as a percent of all m anufacturing:
Industry groups

S pecific industries

Fabricated m etal p rod u cts_____ 22
E le c tr ic a l equipment and
s u p p lie s ___ __________________ 2 1
M achinery, except e l e c t r i c a l _20
C hem icals and allied
p rod u cts_______________________10
Printing and pu b lish in g________ 6

L abor-m anagem ent agreem ent coverage
The following tabulation shows the percent of fu ll-tim e plant and office workers
em ployed in establishm ents in the Stamford area in which a union contract or contracts
covered a m ajority of the w orkers in the resp ective ca te g o rie s , May 1976:

Fabricated structural metal
p rod u cts_______________________14
O ffice and computing
m ach in es______________________13
Soap, clea n ers, and toilet
g o o d s --------------------------------------- 6
M etal ca n s --------------------------------- 6
E le c tr ic lighting and
wiring equipm en t____________ 6
Comm unication equipm ent____ 6
E lectron ic components and
a cce s s o r ie s __________________ 5

Plant w orkers
A ll in d u stries__________________
M anufacturing______________
N onm anufacturing__________
Public u t ilit ie s __________

Office workers
4
-

8
50

An establishm ent is con sidered to have a con tract covering all plant or office
w orkers if a m ajority o f such w orkers is cov ered by a labor-m anagem ent agreem ent.
T h erefore, all other plant or office w orkers are em ployed in establishm ents that either do not
have labor-m anagem ent contracts in effect, o r have contracts that apply to few er than half of
their plant o r office w o rk e rs. E stim ates are not n e c e ss a r ily representative of the extent
to which all w orkers in the area m ay be cov ered by the p rovisions o f labor-m anagem ent
agreem ents, because sm all establishm ents are excluded and the industrial scope o f the
survey is lim ited.

This inform ation is based on estim ates of total em ploym ent derived fro m universe
m aterials com piled b efore actual survey. P roportions in various industry divisions may
d iffer from proportions based on the results of the survey as shown in appendix table 1.




30
30
30
91

24

Appendix B.

Occupational Descriptions

The p r im a r y p u rp o s e o f p re p a rin g jo b d e s c r ip tio n s fo r the B u r e a u 's w age su r v e y s is to a s s is t its
fie ld sta ff in c la s s ify in g into a p p ro p ria te o c cu p a tio n s w o r k e r s who a r e e m p lo y e d under a v a r ie ty o f p a y r o ll
title s and d iffe r e n t w ork a rra n g em en ts fr o m esta b lis h m e n t to esta b lis h m e n t and fr o m a r e a to a r e a . This
p e r m its the grou p in g o f o c cu p a tio n a l w age ra tes re p re s e n tin g c o m p a ra b le jo b con ten t. B e c a u s e o f this
em p h a sis on in te r e sta b lish m e n t and in te r a r e a c o m p a ra b ility o f o c cu p a tio n a l con ten t, the B u r e a u 's jo b
d e s c r ip tio n s m a y d iffe r sig n ific a n tly fr o m th o se in u se in in d iv id u a l e sta b lis h m e n ts o r th o se p r e p a r e d fo r
oth e r p u r p o s e s . In applying th e se jo b d e s c r ip tio n s , the B u r e a u 's fie ld e c o n o m is t s a re in s tru cte d to e x clu d e
w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p re n tice s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; tr a in e e s ; and h an dicapped, p a r t -t im e , te m p o r a r y ,
and p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
SECRETARY

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

A s sig n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to one in d iv id u al. M ain ­
tain s a c lo s e and h igh ly r e s p o n s iv e re la tio n s h ip to the d a y -to -d a y w ork o f
the s u p e r v is o r . W ork s fa ir ly in depen den tly r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d eta iled
s u p e r v is io n and guid an ce. P e r fo r m s v a r ie d c le r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l d u ties,
u s u a l l y i n c l u d in g m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
a n sw e rs
p erson s;

d.

e. R ev iew s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o ra n d u m s, and r e p o rts p r e p a r e d by
o th e r s f o r the s u p e r v is o r 's sign atu re to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and ty p o g ra p h ic
accuracy;

a. R e c e iv e s telep h on e c a lls , p e r s o n a l c a lle r s , and in com in g m a il,
routine in q u ir ie s , and rou tes te c h n ic a l in q u irie s to the p r o p e r
b.

c.
in stru cte d ;

E s ta b lis h e s ,

m a in ta in s, and r e v is e s the s u p e r v is o r 's f ile s ;

M aintains the s u p e r v is o r 's




ca le n d a r and m akes appoin tm en ts as

R ela y s m e s s a g e s fr o m s u p e r v is o r to su b ord in a tes;

f.

P e r fo r m s ste n o g ra p h ic and typin g w ork .

M ay a ls o p e r fo r m oth e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l ta sk s o f c o m p a ra b le
n atu re and d ifficu lty . The w ork ty p ic a lly r e q u ir e s k n ow led ge o f o ffic e routine
and u nderstan din g o f the o r g a n iz a tio n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s re la te d to
the w o rk o f the s u p e r v is o r .

B egin ning w ith ca len d a r y e a r 1976 s u r v e y s , the B u rea u has g rou p ed o ccu p a tio n s stu d ied in its
a r e a w age s u r v e y s into jo b fa m ilie s in o r d e r to p r e s e n t in fo rm a tio n on r e la te d o c cu p a tio n s in se q u e n ce .
Job fa m ilie s have not been title d , h o w e v e r , sin c e doing so m igh t have added ex tra n eou s e le m e n ts to the
jo b m a tch in g p r o c e s s .
The B u reau has a lso r e v is e d s e v e r a l o c cu p a tio n a l tit le s .
u su al w o rd o r d e r and a re m o r e d e s c r ip tiv e o f the su r v e y jo b s .

T h e r e v is e d title s m o r e n e a r ly r e fle c t

R e v is e d o c cu p a tio n a l d e s c r ip tio n s a re b ein g in tr o d u ce d th is y e a r fo r : O r d e r c le r k ; p a y r o ll c le r k ;
sw itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r ; sw itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t ; t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e ty p is t (p r e v io u s ly title d
tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r ); m a c h in e -t o o l o p e r a t o r (to o lr o o m ); and t o o l and die m a k e r . T h ey a re the
r e su lt o f the B u r e a u 's p o lic y o f p e r io d ic a lly re v ie w in g a r e a w age s u r v e y o c cu p a tio n a l d e s c r ip tio n s in
o r d e r to take in to accou n t t e c h n o lo g ic a l d e v e lo p m e n ts and to c la r ify d e s c r ip tio n s so that th ey a re m o r e
r e a d ily u n d e rsto o d and u n ifo r m ly in te r p r e te d . E ven though the r e v is e d d e s c r ip tio n s r e fle c t b a s ic a lly the
sa m e o c cu p a tio n s as p r e v io u s ly d e fin e d , s o m e re p o rtin g changes m a y o c c u r b e c a u s e o f the r e v is io n s .

25

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

E x clu s io n s
Not a ll p o s itio n s that a r e title d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the above
c h a r a c t e r is t ic s . E x a m p les o f p o s itio n s w h ich a re ex clu d e d fr o m the defin ition
a re as fo llo w s :
a. P o s itio n s
d e s c r ib e d a b ove;
b.

w h ich

do not m e e t the

" p e r s o n a l"

s e c r e t a r y co n ce p t

S ten og ra p h ers not fu lly tr a in e d in s e c r e t a r ia l-t y p e d u ties;

c . S ten og ra p h ers s e r v in g as o ffic e
fe s s io n a l, t e c h n ic a l, o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ;

a s sista n ts

to a grou p

of p ro ­

d. S e c r e ta r y p o s itio n s in w h ich the duties a re eith e r su bsta n tially
m o r e routine o r su b sta n tia lly m o r e c o m p le x and r e s p o n s ib le than th o se
c h a r a c t e r iz e d in the d efin ition ;
e. A s s is ta n t-ty p e p o s itio n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d ifficu lt o r m o r e
r e s p o n s ib le t e c h n ic a l, a d m in is tra tiv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c le r i c a l
duties w h ich are not ty p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r ia l w ork .
NO TE: The t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u sed in the le v e l d efin ition s
fo llo w in g , r e fe r s to th o s e o ffic ia ls who have a sig n ifica n t c o rp o r a te w id e
p o licy m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r com pa n y a c tiv it ie s . The title " v ic e
p r e s id e n t ," though n o r m a lly in d ic a tiv e o f th is r o le , does not in all c a s e s
id en tify su ch p o s itio n s . V ic e p r e s id e n ts w h ose p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ility is to
act p e r s o n a lly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r tr a n s a ctio n s ( e .g ., ap p rov e o r deny
in dividu al loa n o r c r e d it a c tio n s ; a d m in iste r in d iv id u a l tru st a cco u n ts ; d ir e c tly
s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l sta ff) are not c o n s id e r e d to be " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " fo r
p u rp o s e s o f applying the fo llo w in g le v e l d e fin it io n s .
C la ss A
1 . S e c r e ta r y to the ch a irm a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e sid e n t o f a com pa n y
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

2. S e c r e ta r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (oth er than the ch a irm a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t) o f a com pan y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but
fe w e r than 25, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to the h ead, im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the c o r p o r a te o f f ic e r
le v e l, o f a m a jo r seg m en t o r su b s id ia r y o f a com pa n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll,
o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

C la ss B
1. S e c r e ta r y to the ch a irm a n o f the b o a r d o r p re sid e n t o f a com pany
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

3. S e c r e t a r y to the h ead, im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the o f f ic e r l e v e l, o v e r
e ith e r a m a jo r c o rp o r a te w id e fu n ction a l a c tiv ity (e .g ., m a rk e tin g , r e s e a r c h ,
o p e r a t io n s , in d u stria l r e la t io n s , e t c .) o £ a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a tio n a l
seg m en t (e .g ., a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a rte rs ; a m a jo r d iv is io n ) jof a com p a n y that
e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but fe w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p lo y e e s ; o r
4. S e c r e ta r y to the head o f an in d iv id u a l plant, fa c t o r y , e tc . (o r
o th e r equ ivalen t le v e l o f o ffic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
5. S e c r e ta r y to the head o f a la r g e and im p orta n t o r g a n iz a tio n a l
seg m en t (e .g ., a m id d le m a n a gem en t s u p e r v is o r o f an o rg a n iz a tio n a l seg m en t
often in v olv in g as m any as s e v e r a l h undred p e r s o n s ) o r a com pan y that
e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss C
1 . S e c r e ta r y to an e x e cu tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n w h ose r e s p o n ­
s ib ility is not equ ivalen t to one o f the s p e c ifi c le v e l situ ation s in the d efin ition
fo r c la s s B , but w h ose o r g a n iz a tio n a l unit n o r m a lly n u m b ers at le a s t s e v e r a l
d ozen e m p lo y e e s and is u su ally d iv id ed into o r g a n iz a tio n a l seg m en ts w h ich
a r e often , in tu rn , fu rth er su bd ivided. In so m e c o m p a n ie s , th is le v e l in ­
clu d es a w ide range o f o r g a n iz a tio n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , on ly on e o r tw o; o £
2

o th e r

. S e c r e ta r y

e a u iv a le n t

le v e l

to the
of

head o f

an in d iv id u a l plan t,

o f f i c i a l ) th a t

e m p lo y s ,

in

a ll,

fa c t o r y ,
fe w e r

e tc . (o r

th a n

5 ,0 0 0

p erson s.
C la ss D
1. S e c r e ta r y to the s u p e r v is o r o r head
unit ( e .g ., fe w e r than about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ); c>r

o f a s m a ll o rg a n iz a tio n a l

2. S e c r e ta r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s ta ff s p e c ia lis t , p r o fe s s io n a l e m ­
p lo y e e , a d m in istra tiv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s is ta n t, s k ille d te c h n ic ia n , o r e x p e rt.
(N O TE: M any co m p a n ie s a s sig n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , ra th er than s e c r e t a r ie s as
d e s c r ib e d a b o v e , to th is le v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)
ST E N O G R A P H E R
P r im a r y duty is to take d icta tion u sin g sh orth an d, and to tr a n s c r ib e
the d icta tion . M ay a lso type fr o m w ritte n c o p y .
M ay o p e ra te fr o m a
s te n o g ra p h ic p o o l.
M ay o c c a s io n a lly t r a n s c r ib e fr o m v o ic e r e c o r d in g s (if
p r im a r y duty is t r a n s c r ib in g fr o m r e c o r d in g s , se e T r a n s c r ib in g -M a c h in e
T y p is t).
N O TE: T h is jo b is d istin g u ish ed fr o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o rm a lly w o rk s in a c o n fid e n tia l re la tio n s h ip w ith on ly one m a n a g er
o r e x e cu tiv e and p e r fo r m s m o r e r e s p o n s ib le and d is c r e tio n a r y ta sk s as
d e s c r ib e d in the s e c r e t a r y jo b d e fin ition .
S ten og ra p h er, G e n e ra l

2. S e c r e ta r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (oth er than the ch a irm a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t) o f a com pa n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r
than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r




keep

D icta tion in v o lv e s a n o rm a l routine v o c a b u la r y . M ay m ain tain f ile s ,
sim p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r fo r m o th e r r e la t iv e ly routine c l e r i c a l ta s k s .

S T E N O G R A P H E R — Continued

F IL E C L E R K — Continued

S ten og ra p h er, S en ior
D ictation in v o lv e s a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d vocabularysu ch as in le g a l b r ie fs o r r e p o rts on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h . M ay a lso set up
and m ain tain f ile s , k eep r e c o r d s , e tc .
OR
P e r fo r m s ste n o g ra p h ic du ties re q u irin g sig n ific a n tly g r e a te r in ­
d epen den ce and r e s p o n s ib ility than ste n o g r a p h e r, g e n e r a l, as e v id e n ce d by
the fo llo w in g : W ork r e q u ir e s a high d e g r e e o f s te n o g ra p h ic sp eed and
a c c u r a c y ; a th orou g h w ork in g k n ow led ge o f g e n e r a l b u sin e s s and o ffic e p r o ­
c e d u r e ; and o f the s p e c ific b u sin e s s o p e r a t io n s , o r g a n iz a tio n , p o li c ie s ,
p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s , w o rk flo w , etc.
U ses this kn ow led ge in p e r fo r m in g
sten og ra p h ic du ties and r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l ta sk s su ch as m ain taining
follow u p file s ; a s s e m b lin g m a te r ia l fo r r e p o r t s , m e m o ra n d u m s , and le t te r s ;
co m p o s in g s im p le le t te r s fr o m g e n e r a l in s tr u c tio n s ; readin g and routing
in com in g m a il; and an sw erin g routine q u e s tio n s , e tc .
TRA N SC R IB IN G -M A C H IN E T Y P IS T
P r im a r y duty is to type c o p y o f v o ic e r e c o r d e d d icta tion w hich does
not in volve v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o ca b u la r y su ch as that u sed in
le g a l b r ie fs o r r e p o rts on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h . M ay a lso type fr o m w ritten
cop y . M ay m ain tain f ile s , keep sim p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r fo r m o th e r r e la tiv e ly
routine c le r i c a l ta s k s .
(See S ten og ra p h er d efin ition fo r w o r k e r s in v olv ed
w ith sh orth an d d icta tio n .)
T Y P IST
U ses a ty p e w r ite r to m ake c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a te r ia ls o r to m ake
out b ills a fte r c a lcu la tio n s have been m ade by an oth er p e r s o n .
M ay in ­
clude typing o f s t e n c ils , m a ts , o r s im ila r m a te r ia ls fo r u se in du plicatin g
p rocesses.
M ay do c le r i c a l w ork in volvin g little s p e c ia l tra in in g , su ch as
k eepin g s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o rtin g and distrib u tin g
in com in g m a il.
C la ss A . P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : Typin g m a te r ia l
in fin a l fo r m when it in v o lv e s com bin in g m a te r ia l fr o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s ib ility fo r c o r r e c t s p e llin g , sy lla b ic a tio n , pu nctu ation , e t c ., o f t e c h ­
n ica l o r unusual w o rd s o r fo r e ig n language m a te r ia l; o r planning layout and
typing o f c o m p lic a te d s t a tis tic a l ta b le s to m ain tain u n ifo rm ity and b a la n ce in
sp a cin g . M ay type routine fo r m le t t e r s , v a ry in g d eta ils to suit c ir c u m s t a n c e s .
C la ss B . P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : C opy typing fr o m
rough o r c le a r d r a fts ; o r routine typing o f fo r m s , in su ra n ce p o li c ie s , e t c ,;
o r settin g up s im p le stan dard ta b u la tion s; o r cop yin g m o r e c o m p le x ta b les
a lrea d y set up and sp a c e d p r o p e r ly .
F IL E C LE R K
F i l e s , c la s s if i e s , and r e tr ie v e s m a te r ia l in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g
s y s te m . M ay p e r fo r m c le r i c a l and m anual ta sk s r e q u ir e d to m ain tain f ile s .
P o s itio n s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d efin itio n s .
C la ss A . C la s s ifie s and in d ex es file m a te r ia l such as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , te c h n ic a l d o cu m e n ts, e t c ., in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g s y s te m
containing a n u m b er o f v a r ie d su b je ct m a tte r f ile s .
M ay a lso file this
m a te r ia l.
M ay k eep r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p es in con ju n ction w ith the f ile s .
M ay lea d a s m a ll g rou p o f lo w e r le v e l file c le r k s .




C la ss B . S o r ts , c o d e s , and file s u n c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l by s im p le
(s u b je ct m a tte r) headin gs o r p a rtly c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l by fin e r su bh eadin gs.
P r e p a r e s sim p le re la te d in d ex and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e aid s. As re q u e ste d ,
lo c a te s c le a r ly id e n tifie d m a te r ia l in file s and fo r w a rd s m a te r ia l. M ay p e r ­
fo r m re la te d c le r i c a l ta sk s r e q u ire d to m ain tain and s e r v ic e file s .
C la ss C . P e r fo r m s routine filin g o f m a te r ia l that has a lrea d y been
c la s s ifie d o r w h ich is e a s ily c la s s ifie d in a sim p le s e r ia l c la s s ific a tio n
s y s te m ( e .g ., a lp h a b e tica l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r n u m e ric a l). A s r e q u e ste d ,
lo c a t e s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a te r ia l in file s and fo r w a rd s m a te r ia l; and m ay
fill out w ith draw al c h a rg e .
M ay p e r fo r m sim p le c le r i c a l and m anual tasks
re q u ire d to m a in tain and s e r v ic e f ile s .
M ESSENG ER
P e r fo r m s v a r io u s routine duties su ch as running e r r a n d s , op era tin g
m in o r o ffic e m a ch in es su ch as s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , opening and distrib u tin g
m a il, and o th e r m in o r c le r i c a l w o rk . E xclu d e p o s itio n s that re q u ire o p e r a tio n
o f a m o t o r v e h ic le as a s ig n ific a n t duty.
SW ITC H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s a telep h on e sw itch b o a rd o r c o n s o le u sed with a p riv a te
b ra n ch exch an ge (P B X ) s y s t e m to re la y in co m in g , ou tg oin g , and 'in tra sy ste m
c a lls .
M ay p r o v id e in fo rm a tio n to c a lle r s , r e c o r d and tra n sm it m e s s a g e s ,
k eep r e c o r d o f c a lls p la ce d and to ll c h a r g e s . B e s id e s op era tin g a teleph on e
sw itch b o a rd o r c o n s o le , m ay a lso type o r p e r fo r m routine c le r i c a l w ork
(typing o r routine c le r i c a l w ork m a y o c cu p y the m a jo r p o r tio n o f the w o r k e r 's
tim e , and is u su ally p e r fo r m e d w h ile at the sw itch b oa rd o r c o n s o le ). C h ief o r
lea d o p e r a t o r s in esta b lis h m e n ts em p loy in g m o r e than one o p e r a t o r are
e x clu d e d . F o r an o p e r a t o r who a lso a cts as a r e c e p tio n is t, see S w itch b oa rd
O p e r a to r -R e c e p tio n is t.
SW ITC H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
At a s in g le -p o s it io n telep h on e sw itch b o a rd o r c o n s o le , acts both as
an o p e r a to r — s e e S w itch b oa rd O p e ra to r — and as a r e c e p tio n is t. R e c e p tio n is t's
w ork in v o lv e s su ch duties as g re e tin g v is it o r s ; d eterm in in g nature o f v i s i t o r 's
b u sin e s s and p ro v id in g a p p ro p ria te in fo rm a tio n ; r e fe r r in g v is it o r to a p p ro ­
p r ia te p e r s o n in the o r g a n iz a tio n o r con tactin g that p e r s o n by telep h on e and
a rra n g in g an ap poin tm en t; k eepin g a lo g o f v is it o r s .

ORDER CLERK
R e c e iv e s w ritten o r v e r b a l c u s t o m e r s ' p u rc h a se o r d e r s fo r m a te r ia l
o r m e r c h a n d is e fr o m c u s to m e r s o r s a le s p e o p le . W ork ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s
som e co m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g d u tie s : Quoting p r ic e s ; d eterm in in g a v a ila ­
b ility o f o r d e r e d ite m s and su g gestin g su bstitu tes when n e c e s s a r y ; ad visin g
e x p e cte d d e liv e r y date and m eth od o f d e liv e r y ; r e c o r d in g o r d e r and c u s to m e r
in fo rm a tio n on o r d e r sh e e ts ; ch eck in g o r d e r sh eets fo r a c c u r a c y and
ad equ acy o f in fo rm a tio n r e c o r d e d ; a s ce r ta in in g c r e d it rating o f c u s to m e r ;
fu rn ish in g c u s to m e r w ith ack n ow led g em en t o f r e c e ip t o f o r d e r ; fo llo w in g -u p
to se e that o r d e r is d e liv e r e d by the s p e c ifie d date o r to let c u s to m e r know
o f a d ela y in d e liv e r y ; m a in tain in g o r d e r file ; ch eck in g shipping in v o ic e
again st o r ig in a l o r d e r .

O R D E R C L E R K — Continued

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

E x clu d e w o r k e r s pa id on a c o m m is s io n b a s is o r w h ose du ties in clu d e
any o f the fo llo w in g : R e c e iv in g o r d e r s f o r s e r v ic e s r a th e r than fo r m a te r ia l
o r m e r c h a n d is e ; p r o v id in g c u s to m e r s w ith con su lta tiv e a d v ice u sin g k n ow led ge
gained fr o m en g in eerin g o r e x te n siv e te c h n ic a l tr a in in g ; em p h a sizin g se llin g
s k ills ; handling m a te r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e as an in te g ra l p a rt o f the jo b .

O p era tes a b ook k eep in g m a ch in e (w ith o r w ithout a ty p e w r ite r k e y ­
b o a rd ) to k eep a r e c o r d o f b u sin e s s tr a n s a c tio n s .

P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s :

a re

c la s s ifie d

into

le v e ls

a c c o r d in g

to

the

fo llo w in g

C la ss A . H andles o r d e r s that in v o lv e m akin g ju dgm en ts su ch as
ch oosin g w h ich s p e c ifi c p ro d u ct o r m a te r ia l fr o m the e sta b lis h m e n t's p ro d u ct
lin e s w ill s a tis fy the c u s t o m e r 's n e e d s , o r d eterm in in g the p r ic e to be qu oted
when p r ic in g in v o lv e s m o r e than m e r e ly r e fe r r in g to a p r ic e lis t o r m aking
som e sim p le m a th e m a tic a l c a lc u la tio n s .
C la ss B . H andles o r d e r s in volvin g ite m s w h ich have r e a d ily id e n ­
tifie d u ses and a p p lic a tio n s . M ay r e fe r to a c a ta lo g , m a n u fa c tu r e r 's m anu al,
o r s im ila r docu m en t to in su re that p r o p e r ite m is su pplied o r to v e r ify
p r ic e o f o r d e r e d ite m .
ACCO UNTIN G C LE R K
P e r fo r m s on e o r m o r e a ccou n tin g c l e r i c a l ta sk s su ch as p ostin g to
r e g is t e r s and le d g e r s ; r e c o n c ilin g bank a c c o u n ts ; v e r ify in g the in tern a l c o n ­
s is te n c y , c o m p le t e n e s s , and m a th e m a tic a l a c c u r a c y o f accou n tin g d ocu m en ts;
a ssig n in g p r e s c r i b e d a ccou n tin g d is trib u tio n c o d e s ; exam in in g and v e r ify in g
fo r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty p es o f r e p o r t s , li s t s , c a lc u la tio n s , p o s tin g ,
e t c .; o r p r e p a r in g sim p le o r a s s is tin g in p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p lic a te d jo u r n a l
vou ch ers.
M ay w ork in e ith e r a m anu al o r au tom ated a ccou n tin g s y s te m .
The w ork r e q u ir e s a kn ow led ge o f c l e r i c a l m eth od s and o ffic e
p r a c t ic e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h ich r e la te s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s in g and r e ­
co rd in g o f tr a n s a ctio n s and a ccou n tin g in fo rm a tio n .
W ith e x p e r ie n c e , the
w o r k e r ty p ic a lly b e c o m e s fa m ilia r w ith the b ook k eep in g and a ccou n tin g te r m s
and p r o c e d u r e s u sed in the a s sig n e d w o r k , but is not re q u ire d to have a
k n ow led ge o f the fo r m a l p r in c ip le s o f b ook k eep in g and a ccou n tin g .
P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s .

a re

c la s s ifie d

into

le v e ls on the b a s is

o f the follow in g

C la ss A . U nder g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s accou n tin g c l e r i c a l
o p e r a tio n s w h ich r e q u ire the a p p lica tion o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m en t, fo r
e x a m p le , c le r i c a lly p r o c e s s in g c o m p lic a te d o r n o n re p e titiv e accou n tin g t r a n s ­
a c tio n s , s e le c tin g am ong a su bsta n tial v a r ie ty o f p r e s c r ib e d accou n tin g cod es
and c la s s ific a t io n s , o r tr a c in g tr a n s a ctio n s though p r e v io u s accou n tin g a ction s
to d e te rm in e s o u r c e o f d is c r e p a n c ie s . M ay be a s s is te d by one o r m o r e
c la s s B a ccou n tin g c le r k s .
C la ss B . U nder c lo s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d eta iled in stru ctio n s
and sta n d a rd iz ed p r o c e d u r e s , p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e routine accou n tin g
c le r i c a l o p e r a t io n s , su ch as p ostin g to le d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o rk s h e e ts w h ere
id e n tifica tio n o f ite m s and lo c a t io n s o f p o s tin g s a re c le a r ly in d ica te d ; c h e c k ­
ing a c c u r a c y and c o m p le t e n e s s o f sta n d a rd ized and re p e titiv e r e c o r d s or
a ccou n tin g d o cu m e n ts; and cod in g docu m en ts u sin g a few p r e s c r ib e d a c c o u n t­
ing c o d e s .




C la ss A . K eep s a set o f r e c o r d s re q u irin g a k n ow led ge o f and
e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic book k eep in g p r in c ip le s , and fa m ilia r ity w ith the stru c tu re
o f the p a r t ic u la r accou n tin g s y s te m u sed .
D e te rm in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d is trib u tio n o f debit and c r e d it ite m s to be u sed in ea ch ph ase o f the w o rk .
M ay p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b a la n ce sh e e ts , and o th e r r e c o r d s by hand.
C la ss B . K eep s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a ses o r s e c tio n s o f a
set o f r e c o r d s u su ally r e q u irin g little k n ow led ge o f b a s ic b ook k eep in g . P h a ses
o r s e c tio n s in clu d e a ccou n ts p a y a b le , p a y r o ll, c u s t o m e r s ' a ccou n ts (not in ­
cluding a s im p le type o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d under m a ch in e b i lle r ) , c o s t d is ­
tr ib u tio n , ex p en se d is tr ib u tio n , in v e n to ry c o n t r o l, e tc . M ay ch eck o r a s s is t
in p r e p a r a tio n o f t r ia l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l sh eets fo r the accou n tin g
dep a rtm en t.

M ACHIN E B IL L E R
P r e p a r e s sta te m e n ts, b i l l s , and in v o ic e s on a m a ch in e o th e r than
an o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a t ic ty p e w r ite r . M ay a ls o k eep r e c o r d s as to b illin g s
o r shipping c h a rg e s o r p e r fo r m o th e r c l e r i c a l w o rk in cid en ta l to b illin g
o p e r a tio n s . F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , m a ch in e b i lle r s a re c la s s ifie d by type
o f m a ch in e , as fo llo w s :
B illin g -m a c h in e b i l l e r . U ses a s p e c ia l b illin g m a ch in e (com b in a tion
typin g and adding m a ch in e ) to p r e p a r e b ills and in v o ic e s fr o m c u s t o m e r s '
p u rc h a se o r d e r s , in te rn a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , shipping m e m o ra n d u m s, e tc .
U su a lly in v o lv e s a p p lica tion o f p r e d e te r m in e d d iscou n ts and shipping c h a rg es
and en try o f n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y not be com pu ted on
the b illin g m a ch in e , and to ta ls w h ich a re a u to m a tica lly a ccu m u la ted by
m a ch in e . The o p e r a tio n u su ally in v o lv e s a la r g e n u m b er o f ca rb on c o p ie s o f
the b ill b ein g p r e p a r e d and is often done on a fa n fold m a ch in e.
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e b i l l e r . U ses a b ook k eep in g m a ch in e (with o r
w ithout a ty p e w r ite r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b ills as pa rt o f the
a ccou n ts r e c e iv a b le o p e r a tio n . G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s the sim u lta n eou s en try o f
fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . The m a ch in e a u tom a tica lly a ccu m u la tes
fig u r e s on a n u m b er o f v e r t ic a l colu m n s and com p u tes and u su ally p rin ts
a u to m a tica lly the debit o r c r e d it b a la n c e s .
D oes not in v olv e a kn ow led ge
o f b ook k eep in g . W ork s fr o m u n ifo rm and stan d ard ty pes o f sa le s and
c r e d it s lip s .

P A Y R O L L C LE R K
P e r fo r m s the c l e r i c a l ta sk s n e c e s s a r y to p r o c e s s p a y r o lls and to
m a in tain p a y r o ll r e c o r d s . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P r o c e s s in g
w o r k e r s ' tim e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; adju sting w o r k e r s ' r e c o r d s f o r changes
in w age r a te s , su p p lem en ta ry b e n e fit s , o r ta x d ed u ction s; editing p a y r o ll
lis tin g s against s o u r c e r e c o r d s ; tr a c in g and c o r r e c t in g e r r o r s in lis tin g s ;
and a s s is tin g in p r e p a r a tio n o f p e r io d ic su m m a ry p a y r o ll r e p o r t s . In a n on au tom ated p a y r o ll s y s t e m , com p u tes w a g e s . W ork m ay r e q u ire a p r a c t ic a l
k n ow led ge o f g o v e r n m e n ta l re g u la tio n s , com p a n y p a y r o ll p o lic y , o r the
c o m p u te r s y s te m fo r p r o c e s s in g p a y r o lls .

KEYPUNCH O P E R A T O R

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R — Continued

O p era tes a keypunch m a ch in e to r e c o r d o r v e r ify alp h a betic a n d /o r
n u m e ric data on tabulating c a r d s o r on tape.

fr o m th is d efin ition are w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s . A ls o e x clu d ed are o p e r a to r s
o f e le c t r o n ic d ig ita l c o m p u te r s , even though they m a y a lso o p era te e le c t r ic
accou n tin g m a ch in e equ ipm ent.

P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s .

a re

c la s s ifie d

into

le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g

C lass A . W ork r e q h ir e s the a p p lica tion o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju dgm en t
in se le ctin g p r o c e d u r e s to be fo llo w e d and in s e a rc h in g f o r , in te r p r e tin g ,
s e le c t in g , o r codin g ite m s to be k eyp u n ch ed fr o m a v a r ie ty o f s o u r c e
d ocu m en ts. On o c c a s io n m ay a lso p e r fo r m so m e routine keypun ch w ork .
M ay tra in in e x p e rie n c e d keypun ch o p e r a t o r s .
C la ss B . W ork is routine and r e p e titiv e . U nder c lo s e su p e r v is io n
o r follow in g s p e c ific p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t io n s , w ork s fr o m v a r io u s stand­
a r d iz e d s o u r c e d ocu m en ts w h ich have b een co d e d , and fo llo w s s p e c ifie d
p r o c e d u r e s w h ich have b een p r e s c r ib e d in d etail and r e q u ire little o r no
s e le c t in g , co d in g , o r in te rp re tin g o f data to be r e c o r d e d .
R e fe r s to su ­
p e r v is o r p r o b le m s a r is in g fr o m e r r o n e o u s item s o r cod es o r m is s in g
in fo rm ation .

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

c u la to r ,

O p era tes one o r a v a r ie ty o f m a ch in es su ch as the ta b u la to r, c a l­
c o lla t o r , in t e r p r e te r , s o r t e r , r e p ro d u c in g punch, e tc .
E x clu d ed

P o s itio n s
d efin itio n s .

a re

c la s s ifie d

into le v e ls

on the b a sis o f the follow in g

C la ss A . P e r fo r m s co m p le te rep ortin g and tabulating assign m en ts
in clu din g d ev isin g d ifficu lt c o n tr o l pa n el w irin g under g en era l su p e r v is io n .
A s sig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v olv e a v a r ie ty o f long and c o m p le x r e p o rts w h ich
often a re ir r e g u la r o r n o n r e c u r r in g , req u irin g som e pieinning o f the nature
and seq u en cin g o f o p e r a t io n s , and the use o f a v a r ie ty o f m a ch in e s . Is
cy p ica lly in v o lv e d in tra in in g new o p e r a t o r s in m a ch in e o p e ra tio n s o r tra in in g
lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s in w irin g fr o m d ia g ra m s and in the op era tin g seq u en ces
o f long and c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D oes not in clu d e p o s itio n s in w h ich w irin g
r e s p o n s ib ility is lim ite d to s e le c t io n and in s e r tio n o f p r e w ir e d b o a r d s .
C la ss B . P e r fo r m s w ork a c c o r d in g to e sta b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and
under s p e c ific in s tru ctio n s .
A s sig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e c o m p le te but
routine and r e c u r r in g r e p o rts o r p a rts o f la r g e r and m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p era tes m o r e d ifficu lt tabulating o r e le c t r ic a l accou n tin g m a ch in es su ch as
the ta b u la tor and c a lc u la to r , in addition to the s im p le r m a ch in es u sed by
c la s s C o p e r a t o r s .
May. be r e q u ir e d to do som e w irin g fr o m d ia g r a m s.
M ay tra in new e m p lo y e e s in b a s ic m a ch in e o p e r a tio n s .
C la ss C . U nder s p e c ific in s t r u c t io n s , o p e r a te s sim p le tabulating o r
e le c t r ic a l accou n tin g m a ch in es su ch as the s o r t e r , in te r p r e te r , r ep rod u cin g
punch, c o lla t o r , e tc . A s sig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v olv e p o rtio n s o f a w ork unit,
fo r e x a m p le , in d iv id u al so rtin g o r co lla tin g ru n s, o r rep etitiv e o p e r a tio n s .
M ay p e r fo r m
s im p le w irin g fr o m d ia g r a m s , and do som e filin g w ork .

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
C O M P U T E R SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS— Continued

C O M P U T E R SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS
A n a ly zes b u sin e s s p r o b le m s to fo rm u la te p r o c e d u r e s fo r solvin g
th em by u se o f e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g equ ipm ent. D evelop s a com p lete
d e s c r ip tio n o f a ll s p e c ific a tio n s n eed ed to en able p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a re
re q u ire d d ig ita l com p u ter p r o g r a m s .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
A n a ly zes s u b je c t -m a tte r o p e ra tio n s to be autom ated and id e n tifie s con d ition s
and c r it e r i a r e q u ire d to a ch iev e s a tis fa c to r y r e s u lts ; s p e c ifie s n u m ber and
ty p es o f r e c o r d s , f ile s , and d ocu m en ts to be u sed ; ou tlin es action s to be
p e r fo r m e d by p e r s o n n e l and co m p u te rs in su ffic ie n t d eta il fo r p resen ta tion
to m a n a gem en t and fo r p ro g ra m m in g (ty p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p re p a ra tio n o f
w ork and data flo w c h a rts); co o rd in a te s the d ev elop m en t o f te s t p r o b le m s and
p a rticip a te s in t r ia l runs o f new and r e v is e d s y s t e m s ; and r e co m m e n d s
equipm ent changes to obtain m o r e e ffe c t iv e o v e r a ll o p e r a tio n s .
(N O TE:
W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g b o th 's y s te m s a n a lysis and p r o g r a m m in g should be c l a s ­
s ifie d as s y s te m s an alysts if this is the s k ill u sed to d eterm in e th e ir p a y .)

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , s y s te m s an alysts a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :
C la ss A . W ork s in depen den tly o r under on ly g e n e ra l d ir e c tio n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s in v olv in g a ll p h a ses o f s y s te m a n a ly s is . P r o b le m s are
c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d iv e r s e s o u r c e s o f input data and m u lt ip le -u s e r e q u ir e ­
m en ts o f output data.
(F o r e x a m p le , d ev elop s an in teg ra ted p rod u ction
sch ed u lin g , in v e n to ry c o n t r o l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s an alysis r e c o r d in
w h ich e v e r y ite m o f ea ch type is a u tom a tica lly p r o c e s s e d th rou gh the fu ll
s y s te m o f r e c o r d s and a p p ro p ria te follow u p a ction s are in itiated by the
c o m p u te r .) C o n fe rs w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d eterm in e the data p r o c e s s in g
p r o b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c t -m a tte r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s o f new o r
r e v is e d s y s te m s o f data p r o c e s s in g o p e r a tio n s . M akes r e co m m e n d a tio n s , if
n eed ed , fo r a p p ro v a l o f m a jo r s y s te m s in sta lla tion s o r changes and fo r
obtaining equ ipm ent.
M ay p r o v id e fu n ction a l d ir e c tio n
who a re a s sig n e d to a s s is t.

D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le fo r the m a n ­
agem ent o r su p e r v is io n o f o th e r e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s ,
o r sy ste m s an alysts p r im a r ily c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n t ific o r en gin eerin g
p r o b le m s .




to

lo w e r le v e l

sy ste m s an alysts

C la ss B . W ork s in d epen den tly o r under on ly g e n e ra l d ir e c tio n on
p r o b le m s that a re r e la tiv e ly u n c o m p lica te d to a n a ly ze , pla n , p r o g r a m , and
o p e r a te . P r o b le m s a re o f lim ite d c o m p le x ity b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input data
a re h om og en eou s and the output data a re c lo s e ly re la te d .
(F o r ex a m p le ,

29

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS— Continued

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS— Continued

d e v e lo p s s y s te m s f o r m ain taining d e p o s ito r a ccou n ts in a bank, m ain taining
a ccou n ts r e c e iv a b le in a r e ta il e sta b lis h m e n t, o r m ain taining in v en tory
a ccou n ts in a m a n u fa ctu rin g o r w h o le sa le e s ta b lis h m e n t.)
C o n fe rs with
p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e te rm in e the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s
s u b je c t -m a tte r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s o f the data p r o c e s s in g sy ste m s
to be a p p lied .

At th is le v e l, p r o g r a m m in g is d ifficu lt b e c a u s e c o m p u te r e q u ip ­
m en t m u st be o r g a n iz e d to p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in te r r e la te d but d iv e r s e p r o ­
ducts fr o m n u m erou s and d iv e r s e data e le m e n ts .
A w ide v a r ie ty and e x ­
te n s iv e n u m ber o f in te rn a l p r o c e s s in g a ction s m u st o c c u r .
T h is r e q u ir e s
su ch a ction s as d ev elop m en t o f c o m m o n o p e r a tio n s w h ich can be r e ­
u sed , esta b lish m en t o f lin kage poin ts b etw een o p e r a t io n s , ad ju stm en ts to
data w hen p r o g r a m re q u ire m e n ts e x c e e d c o m p u te r s to ra g e c a p a c ity , and
su bsta n tial m a n ipu lation and re s e q u e n cin g o f data elem en ts to fo r m a
h ighly in te g ra te d p r o g r a m .

OR
W ork s on a seg m en t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s in g sc h e m e o r s y s te m ,
as d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A . W ork s in depen den tly on routine a ssig n m en ts and
r e c e iv e s in s tru ctio n and g u id an ce on c o m p le x a s sig n m e n ts . W ork is r e v ie w e d
f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m en t, c o m p lia n ce w ith in s t r u c t io n s , and to in su re
p r o p e r align m en t w ith the o v e r a ll s y s te m .
C la ss C . W ork s under im m e d ia te s u p e r v is io n , c a r ry in g out a n alyses
as a s s ig n e d , u su ally o f a sin g le a c tiv ity . A s sig n m e n ts a re d esig n ed to d ev elop
and expand p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e in the a p p lica tion o f p r o c e d u r e s and sk ills
r e q u ire d fo r s y s te m s a n a ly s is w o rk . F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s is t a h ig h er le v e l
s y s te m s an alyst by p r e p a r in g the d eta iled s p e c ific a tio n s r e q u ire d by p r o ­
g r a m m e r s fr o m in fo rm a tio n d e v e lo p e d by the h ig h e r le v e l an alyst.

M ay p r o v id e fu n ction a l d ir e c tio n
a re a s sig n e d to a s s is t .

C la ss B . W ork s in d epen den tly o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
r e la tiv e ly sim p le p r o g r a m s , o r on sim p le seg m en ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r se g m e n ts ) u su a lly p r o c e s s in fo rm a tio n to p r o d u c e data in two
o r th r e e v a r ie d s e q u e n c e s o r fo r m a t s . R e p o r ts and lis tin g s a re p r o d u c e d by
r e fin in g , adapting, a r r a y in g , o r m akin g m in o r ad dition s to o r d e le tio n s fr o m
input data w h ich a re r e a d ily a v a ila b le . W h ile n u m erou s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the data have b een r e fin e d in p r io r a ction s so that the a c c u r a c y
and seq u en cin g o f data can be te s te d by using a few routine c h e c k s. T y p ic a lly ,
the p r o g r a m dea ls w ith routine r e c o r d k e e p in g o p e r a t io n s .

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS
C o n v e rts sta tem en ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b le m s , ty p ic a lly p r e p a r e d by a
s y s te m s a n a lyst, into a se q u e n ce o f d e ta ile d in s tru ctio n s w h ich a re r e ­
q u ir e d to s o lv e the p r o b le m s by a u tom atic data p r o c e s s in g equ ipm ent.
W ork in g fr o m ch a rts o r
d ia g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s the p r e ­
c is e in stru ctio n s w h ich , when e n te re d into the co m p u te r s y s te m in c od ed
la n g u a ge, ca u se the m a n ipu lation o f data to a ch iev e d e s ir e d r e s u lts . W ork
in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : A p p lies k n ow led ge o f c o m p u te r c a p a ­
b i lit ie s , m a th e m a tic s , lo g ic e m p lo y e d by c o m p u te r s , and p a r t ic u la r su b ­
je c t m a tte r in v o lv e d to an alyze ch a rts and d ia g ra m s o f the p r o b le m to
be p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s se q u e n ce o f p r o g r a m s te p s ; w r ite s d eta iled flow
ch a rts to show o r d e r in w h ich data w ill be p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e rts th ese
ch a rts to c od ed in s tru ctio n s f o r m a ch in e to fo llo w ; te s ts and c o r r e c t s
p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s tru ctio n s fo r o p e ra tin g p e r s o n n e l du ring p ro d u ctio n
run; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lte r s p r o g r a m s to in c r e a s e op era tin g e f f i­
c ie n c y o r adapt to new r e q u ir e m e n ts ; m a in tain s r e c o r d s o f p r o g r a m d e ­
v elop m en t and r e v is io n s . (N O TE : W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s an al­
y s is and p r o g r a m m in g sh ou ld be c la s s ifie d as s y s te m s a n alysts i f th is is
the s k ill u sed to d e te rm in e th e ir p a y .)
D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le f o r the m a n ­
agem en t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o th e r e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s ,
o r p r o g r a m m e r s p r im a r ily c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n t ific a n d /o r en g in eerin g
p r o b le m s .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , p r o g r a m m e r s a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :
C la ss A . W ork s in depen den tly o r u nder on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n
on c o m p le x p r o b le m s w h ich r e q u ire co m p e te n c e in all p h a ses o f p r o ­
g ra m m in g co n c e p ts and p r a c t ic e s . W ork in g fr o m d ia g ra m s and ch a rts
w h ich id e n tify the n atu re o f d e s ir e d r e s u lts , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g step s to
be a c c o m p lis h e d , and the r e la tio n s h ip s b etw een v a r io u s step s o f the p r o b ­
le m so lv in g rou tin e; plans the fu ll ran ge o f p r o g r a m m in g a ction s n eeded
to e ffic ie n tly u tilize the c o m p u te r s y s te m in a ch iev in g d e s ir e d end p r o d u c ts .




to lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r s who

OR
W o rk s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (as d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A) under
c lo s e d ir e c tio n o f a h ig h e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M ay a s s is t
h ig h e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r by in depen den tly p e r fo r m in g le s s d ifficu lt tasks
a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d ifficu lt ta sk s u nder fa ir ly c lo s e d ir e c tio n .
M ay guide o r in stru ct lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la ss C . M akes p r a c t ic a l a p p lica tio n s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t ic e s
and c o n c e p ts u su ally le a rn e d in fo r m a l tra in in g c o u r s e s . A ssig n m en ts
a re d esig n ed to d e v e lo p co m p e te n c e in the a p p lica tion o f stan dard p r o ­
c e d u r e s to routine p r o b le m s .
R e c e iv e s c lo s e s u p e r v is io n on new a s p e cts
o f a s sig n m e n ts ; and w ork is r e v ie w e d to v e r ify its a c c u r a c y and c o n fo r m a n c e
w ith r e q u ir e d p r o c e d u r e s .
COM PUTER O PERA TO R
M o n ito rs and o p e r a te s the c o n t r o l c o n s o le o f a dig ital c o m p u te r to
p r o c e s s data a c c o r d in g to o p e ra tin g in s t r u c t io n s , u su ally p r e p a r e d by a
p r o g r a m m e r . W ork in clu d e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Studies in s tru ctio n s to
d e te rm in e equ ipm ent setup and o p e r a t io n s ; loa d s equipm ent w ith r e q u ire d
ite m s (tape r e e ls , c a r d s , e t c .); sw itch e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia ry equ ipm ent into
c ir c u it , and sta rts and o p e r a te s c o m p u te r ; m a k es ad ju stm en ts to c o m p u te r to
c o r r e c t o p e ra tin g p r o b le m s and m e e t s p e c ia l c o n d itio n s; r e v ie w s e r r o r s
m a de during o p e r a tio n and d e te rm in e s ca u se o r r e fe r s p r o b le m to s u p e r ­
v is o r o r p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a in tain s o p e ra tin g r e c o r d s . M ay te s t and a s s is t
in c o r r e c t in g p r o g r a m .
F or

w age

study p u r p o s e s ,

co m p u te r

op era tors

are

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :
C la ss A . O p e ra te s in d ep en d en tly , o r u nder on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n , a
co m p u te r running p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s : New
p r o g r a m s a re fre q u e n tly te s te d and in tr o d u ce d ; sch ed u lin g re q u ire m e n ts are

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — Continued

D R A F T E R — Continued

o f c r it ic a l im p o rta n ce to m in im iz e d ow n tim e; the p r o g r a m s a re o f c o m p le x
d esig n so that id e n tifica tio n o f e r r o r s o u r c e often r e q u ir e s a w ork in g k n ow ­
led g e o f the to ta l p r o g r a m , and altern a te p r o g r a m s m ay not be a v a ila b le .
M ay g ive d ir e c tio n and guid an ce to lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s .

m a te r ia ls to be u sed , lo a d c a p a c it ie s , stre n g th s, s t r e s s e s , e tc .
R e c e iv e s
in itia l in s t r u c t io n s , r e q u ir e m e n ts , and a d v ice fr o m s u p e r v is o r .
C om p leted
w o rk is ch e ck e d fo r te c h n ic a l ad equ acy.

C la ss B . O p era tes in d ep en d en tly , o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n , a
c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s ; M ost
o f the p r o g r a m s a re e s ta b lis h e d p r o d u c tio n ru n s, ty p ic a lly run on a r e g u la r ly
r e c u r r in g b a s is ; th e re is little o r no te s tin g o f new p r o g r a m s re q u ire d ;
altern a te p r o g r a m s are p r o v id e d in c a s e o r ig in a l p r o g r a m n eeds m a jo r change
o r cannot be c o r r e c t e d w ithin a r e a s o n a b ly sh ort tim e . In c o m m o n e r r o r
situ a tion s, d ia g n oses ca u se and ta k es c o r r e c t iv e a ctio n .
T h is u su a lly in ­
v o lv e s applying p r e v io u s ly p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t iv e s te p s , o r using stan dard
c o r r e c t io n tech n iq u es.
OR
O p era tes u nder d ir e c t s u p e r v is io n a co m p u te r running p r o g r a m s o r
seg m en ts o f p r o g r a m s w ith the c h a r a c t e r is t ic s d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A . M ay
a s s is t a h ig h e r le v e l o p e r a t o r b y in depen den tly p e r fo r m in g le s s d ifficu lt ta sk s
a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g d ifficu lt ta sk s fo llo w in g d eta iled in stru ctio n s and
w ith frequ en t re v ie w o f o p e ra tio n s p e r fo r m e d .

e x p e cte d
a b ility to
r e c e iv e d
op erator

C la ss C . W ork s on routine p r o g r a m s u nder c lo s e su p e r v is io n . Is
to d ev elop w ork in g k n ow led ge o f the co m p u te r equipm ent u sed and
d e te ct p r o b le m s in v o lv e d in running routine p r o g r a m s . U su a lly has
so m e fo r m a l tra in in g in c o m p u te r o p e r a tio n . M ay a s s is t h ig h e r le v e l
on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .

DRAFTER

C la ss A . P la n s the g ra p h ic p r e se n ta tio n o f c o m p le x ite m s having
d is tin c tiv e d e s ig n fe a tu r e s that d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m e sta b lis h e d drafting
p r e c e d e n ts . W ork s in c lo s e su pport w ith the d esign o r ig in a to r , and m a y
r e c o m m e n d m in o r d esig n ch a n g es. A n a ly ze s the e ffe c t o f ea ch change on the
d eta ils o f fo r m , fu n ction , and p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s o f com p on en ts and
p a r t s . W ork s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is ta n c e . C om p leted w ork
is r e v ie w e d by d e s ig n o r ig in a to r f o r c o n s is t e n c y w ith p r io r e n g in eerin g
d e te rm in a tio n s. M ay e ith e r p r e p a r e draw in gs o r d ir e c t th e ir p r e p a r a tio n by
lo w e r le v e l d r a ft e r s .

C la ss B . P e r fo r m s n on rou tin e and c o m p le x draftin g a ssig n m en ts
that r e q u ir e the a p p lica tion o f m o s t o f the sta n d a rd iz e d draw ing tech n iq u es
r e g u la r ly u sed .
D uties ty p ic a lly in v olv e su ch w o rk as: P r e p a r e s w ork in g
d raw in gs o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith ir r e g u la r s h a p e s, m u ltip le fu n c tio n s, and
p r e c i s e p o s itio n a l re la tio n s h ip s betw een co m p o n e n ts; p r e p a r e s a r c h ite c tu r a l
draw in gs f o r co n s tr u c tio n o f a b u ildin g in clu d in g d e ta il draw in gs o f fou n da­
tio n s , w a ll s e c t io n s , f lo o r p la n s , and r o o f.
U ses a c c e p te d fo r m u la s and
m anuals in m aking n e c e s s a r y com p u ta tion s t o d e te rm in e qu an tities o f




C la ss C.
P r e p a r e s d eta il draw in gs o f sin g le units o r p a rts fo r
e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tr u c tio n , m a n u fa ctu rin g , o r r e p a ir p u rp o s e s .
T y p es o f
draw in gs p r e p a r e d in clu d e is o m e t r ic p r o je c t io n s (d epictin g th ree d im en sion s
in a c c u r a te s c a le ) and s e c tio n a l v iew s to c la r ify p osition in g o f com pon en ts
and con v ey n eed ed in fo rm a tio n .
C o n so lid a te s d eta ils fr o m a n u m ber o f
s o u r c e s and ad ju sts o r tr a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ire d . S u ggested m eth od s o f
a p p ro a ch , a p p lica b le p r e c e d e n ts , and a d v ice on s o u r c e m a te r ia ls a re given
w ith in itia l a s sig n m e n ts . In stru ction s a re le s s c o m p le te when a ssign m en ts
r e c u r . W ork m a y b e s p o t-c h e c k e d during p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T E R -T R A C E R
C op ies plans and draw in gs p r e p a r e d by o th e r s by p la cin g tra cin g
cloth o r p a p er o v e r draw in gs and tr a c in g w ith pen o r p e n cil.
(D oes not
in clu d e tr a c in g lim ite d to plans p r im a r ily co n s istin g o f stra ig h t lin es and a
la r g e s c a le not r e q u irin g c lo s e d e lin e a tio n .)
A N D /O R
P r e p a r e s sim p le o r r e p e titiv e draw in gs o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d ite m s.
W ork is c lo s e ly s u p e r v is e d during p r o g r e s s .
E L E C T R O N IC S TECH N ICIAN
W ork s on v a r io u s ty p es o f e le c t r o n ic equ ipm ent and rela ted d e v ic e s
by p e r fo r m in g one o r a com b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g : In sta llin g , m a in tain in g,
r e p a ir in g , ov e rh a u lin g , tr o u b le s h o o tin g , m o d ify in g , co n s tru ctin g , and testin g .
W ork r e q u ir e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lica tion o f te c h n ic a l k n ow led ge o f e le c t r o n ic s
p r in c ip le s , a b ility to d e te rm in e m a lfu n c tio n s, and s k ill to put equipm ent in
r e q u ir e d o p e ra tin g co n d ition ..
The equ ipm ent— c o n s is tin g o f e ith e r m any d iffe r e n t kinds o f c ir c u its
o r m u ltip le re p e titio n o f the sa m e kind o f c ir c u it— in c lu d e s , but is not lim ite d
to , the fo llo w in g : (a) E le c t r o n ic tra n sm ittin g and r e c e iv in g equipm ent ( e .g .,
r a d a r , r a d io , t e le v is io n , te le p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v iga tion a l a id s ), (b) dig ital
and an alog c o m p u te r s , and (c) in d u stria l and m e d ic a l m e a su rin g and c o n ­
tr o llin g equ ipm en t.
T h is c la s s ific a t io n e x clu d e s r e p a ir e r s o f su ch stan dard e le c t r o n ic
equ ipm ent as c o m m o n o ffic e m a ch in e s and h ou seh old ra d io and te le v is io n
s e t s ; p r o d u c tio n a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y duty is
s e r v ic in g e le c t r o n ic te s t in stru m e n ts ; te c h n ic ia n s who have a d m in istra tiv e
o r s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s ib ility ; and d r a ft e r s , d e s ig n e r s , and p r o fe s s io n a l
e n g in e e r s .
P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s .

a re

c la s s ifie d

into le v e ls

on the

b a s is o f the fo llo w in g

C la ss A . A p p lie s a d va n ced te c h n ic a l k n ow led ge to so lv e unusually
c o m p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e . , th o se that t y p ic a lly cannot be s o lv e d s o le ly by
r e fe r e n c e to m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m anu als o r s im ila r d ocu m en ts) in w ork in g on

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — Continued

E L E C T R O N IC S TE C H N IC IA N — Continued

e le c t r o n ic equ ipm en t.
E x a m p les o f su ch p r o b le m s in clu de lo c a tio n and
d en sity o f c ir c u it r y , e le c tr o m a g n e tic ra d ia tion , is o la tin g m a lfu n c tio n s, and
frequ en t en g in eerin g ch a n ges.
W ork in v o lv e s :
A d eta iled u nderstan din g o f
the in te r r e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s ; e x e r c is in g independent ju dgm en t in p e r ­
fo r m in g su ch ta sk s as m aking c ir c u it a n a ly s e s , ca lcu la tin g w ave fo r m s ,
tr a c in g r e la tio n s h ip s in sign a l flo w ; and r e g u la r ly using c o m p le x te s t in ­
stru m en ts ( e .g ., dual tr a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d ev ia tion m e t e r s ,
p u lse g e n e r a t o r s ).

C la ss C . A p p lies w ork in g te c h n ic a l k n ow led ge to p e r fo r m sim p le o r
routine ta sk s in w ork in g on e le c t r o n ic equ ipm en t, fo llo w in g d eta iled in ­
s tru c tio n s w h ich c o v e r v irtu a lly a ll p r o c e d u r e s . W ork ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s su ch
ta sk s as: A s s is tin g h ig h er le v e l te ch n icia n s by p e r fo r m in g such a c tiv itie s as
re p la c in g co m p o n e n ts, w irin g c ir c u it s , and taking te s t re a d in g s; re p a irin g
sim p le e le c t r o n ic equ ipm en t; and using to o ls and co m m o n te s t in stru m en ts
(e .g ., m u lt im e t e r s , audio sig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tube t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) . Is
not r e q u ire d to be fa m ilia r w ith the in te r re la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s .
T h is
k n ow led g e, h o w e v e r , m a y be a c q u ir e d th rou g h a ssig n m en ts d esig n ed to in ­
c r e a s e c o m p e te n ce (in clu din g c la s s r o o m tra in in g ) so that w o r k e r can advance
to h ig h er le v e l te c h n ic ia n .

W ork m ay be r e v ie w e d by s u p e r v is o r (freq u en tly an en g in e e r o r
d e s ig n e r ) fo r g e n e r a l c o m p lia n ce w ith a c c e p te d p r a c t ic e s .
M ay p r o v id e
te c h n ic a l guid an ce to lo w e r le v e l te c h n ic ia n s .

C la ss B . A p p lies c o m p r e h e n s iv e te c h n ic a l kn ow led ge to so lv e c o m ­
p le x p r o b le m s ( i.e ., th ose that ty p ic a lly can be s o lv e d s o le ly by p r o p e r ly
in te rp re tin g m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m anu als o r s im ila r d ocu m en ts) in w ork in g on
e le c t r o n ic equipm ent. W ork in v o lv e s : A fa m ilia r ity w ith the in te r r e la tio n ­
sh ips o f c ir c u it s ; and ju dgm en t in d eterm in in g w ork seq u en ce and in s e le c tin g
to o ls and testin g in stru m e n ts , u su ally le s s c o m p le x than th o se u sed by the
c la s s A te ch n icia n .

R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l g u id a n ce, as r e q u ire d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h igh er
le v e l te c h n ic ia n , and w ork is re v ie w e d fo r s p e c ific c o m p lia n ce w ith a c c e p te d
p r a c t ic e s and w o rk a s sig n m e n ts .
M ay p r o v id e te c h n ic a l guidance to lo w e r
le v e l te c h n ic ia n s .

R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l g u id a n ce, as r e q u ire d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r
le v e l te c h n ic ia n .
W ork is ty p ic a lly spot c h e ck e d , but is given d eta iled
r e v ie w w hen new o r ad va n ced a ssig n m en ts a re in v o lv e d .
R E G ISTE R E D IN D U STRIA L NURSE
A r e g is t e r e d n u rse who g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e under g e n e r a l m e d ic a l
d ir e c tio n to ill o r in ju re d e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s who b e c o m e i ll o r
s u ffe r an a ccid e n t on the p r e m is e s o f a fa c to r y o r oth er e sta b lish m en t.
D uties in v o lv e a com b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g : G iving fir s t aid to the i ll o r
in ju re d ; attending to su bsequ en t d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s * in ju r ie s ; keepin g
r e c o r d s o f patien ts tr e a te d ; p r e p a r in g a ccid e n t r e p o r ts fo r co m p e n sa tio n o r
oth er p u r p o s e s ; a s s is tin g in p h y s ic a l ex a m in a tion s and h ealth ev alu ation s o f
ap p lican ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y in g out p r o g r a m s in volvin g
health e d u ca tion , a ccid e n t p r e v e n tio n , evalu ation o f plant e n v iron m en t, o r
o th e r a c tiv itie s a ffectin g the h ealth , w e lfa r e , and sa fety o f a ll p e r s o n n e l.
N u rsin g s u p e r v is o r s o r head n u r s e s in e sta b lis h m e n ts e m p loy in g m o r e than
one n u rse are ex clu d e d .

MAINTENANCE, TOOLROOM, AND POWERPLANT
M AIN TE N AN C E INA R P E N T E R E L E C T R IC IA N — Continued
M A C TE N AN C E
P e r fo r m s the ca rp e n try duties n e c e s s a r y to c o n s tr u c t and m ain tain
in g ood r e p a ir b u ildin g w ood w ork and equ ipm ent su ch as b in s , c r ib s , c o u n te r s ,
b e n c h e s , p a r titio n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a ir s , c a s in g s , and tr im m ade o f w ood
in an e sta b lish m en t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P lanning and
layin g out o f w ork fr o m b lu e p r in ts , d ra w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tru ctio n s ;
using a v a r ie ty o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d tools, p o r ta b le p o w e r t o o ls , and stan dard
m e a su rin g in stru m e n ts ; m aking stan dard shop com pu tation s relatin g to
d im en sion s o f w o rk ; and s e le c tin g m a te r ia ls n e c e s s a r y fo r the w ork .
In
g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m a in ten an ce c a r p e n te r r e q u ire s rounded train in g
and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ir e d th rou g h a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r equ ivalent
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M A IN TE N AN C E E L E C T R IC IA N
P e r fo r m s a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic a l tra d e fu n ction s su ch as the in ­
sta lla tio n , m a in ten a n ce, o r r e p a ir o f equipm ent fo r the g e n e r a tio n , d is t r i­
bu tion , o r u tiliza tion o f e le c t r ic e n e rg y in an esta b lish m en t. W ork in v o lv e s
m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In stallin g o r re p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic a l
equ ipm ent su ch as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s fo r m e r s , sw itch b o a rd s , c o n t r o lle r s ,
c ir c u it b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , heating u nits, conduit s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s ­
m is s io n equ ipm en t; w ork in g fr o m b lu e p r in ts , d ra w in g s, la y o u ts , o r oth er
s p e c ific a t io n s ; lo ca tin g and dia gn osin g tr o u b le in the e le c t r ic a l s y s te m o r
equ ipm en t; w ork in g stan dard com pu ta tion s rela tin g to load re q u ire m e n ts o f




w irin g o r e le c t r ic a l equ ipm ent; and using a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic ia n 's handtools
and m e a su rin g and testin g in stru m e n ts .
In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m a in ­
ten a n ce e le c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s roun ded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ii^ d
th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r eq u ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M AIN TE N AN C E P A IN T E R
P aints and r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w o o d w o r k , and fix tu re s o f an e s ta b ­
lis h m e n t, W ork in v o lv e s the fo llo w in g : K n ow led g e o f s u r fa c e p e c u lia r itie s
and ty p es o f paint r e q u ir e d fo r d iffe re n t a p p lic a tio n s ; p r e p a r in g s u r fa c e fo r
painting by rem o v in g o ld fin ish o r by p la cin g putty o r f ill e r in n ail h oles
and in t e r s t ic e s ; and applying paint w ith sp ra y gun o r b ru sh . M ay m ix c o lo r s ,
o ils , w hite le a d , and o th e r paint in g re d ie n ts to obtain p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n ­
s is te n c y . In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m a in ten an ce p a in ter r e q u ire s rounded
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r
equ ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M AIN TE N A N C E M ACHINIST
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a rts and new p a rts in m aking r e p a ir s o f
m e ta l p a rts o f m e c h a n ic a l equ ipm ent o p e r a te d in an esta b lish m en t. W ork in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In terp retin g w ritten in s tru ctio n s and s p e c i f i c a ­
tio n s ; planning and la yin g out o f w o rk ; using a v a r ie ty o f m a c h in is t's h an dtools

32

M A IN T E N A N C E M ACH IN IST— Continued

M A IN T E N A N C E P IP E F IT T E R — Continued

and p r e c is io n m e a su rin g in stru m e n ts; settin g up and op era tin g stan dard
m a ch in e to o ls ; shaping o f m e ta l p a rts to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; m aking stan dard
shop com pu tation s rela tin g to d im en sion s o f w o rk , to o lin g , fe e d s , ana sp eed s
o f . m a ch in in g; k n ow led ge o f the w ork in g p r o p e r t ie s o f the com m o n m e ta ls ;
"selectin g stan dard m a t e r ia ls , p a r t s , and equ ipm ent r e q u ir e d fo r th is w o rk ;
and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a rts into m e c h a n ica l equ ipm ent. In g e n e r a l, the
m a c h in is t's w ork n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rounded tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p
p r a c tic e u su ally a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r equ ivalent
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

m eet s p e c ific a tio n s . In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m ain ten an ce p ip e fitte r
r e q u ir e s roun ded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a cq u ire d th rough a fo r m a l
a p p re n tice s h ip o r equ ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . W o r k e rs p r im a r ily
en ga ged in in sta llin g and re p a ir in g bu ildin g sanitation o r heating sy ste m s
a re e x c lu d e d .

M AIN TEN AN CE M ECH ANIC (M ACH IN E RY )
R e p a irs m a ch in e ry o r m e c h a n ica l equ ipm ent o f an esta b lish m en t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E xam in in g m a ch in es and m e c h a n ica l
equipm ent to d ia gn ose s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d ism a n tlin g o r p a rtly d ism a n tlin g
m a ch in es and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly in v o lv e the use o f h an dtools in
s c r a p in g and fitting p a r ts ; re p la cin g b rok en o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts w ith ite m s
obtain ed fr o m s to ck ; o r d e r in g the p ro d u ctio n o f a re p la ce m e n t pa rt by a
m a ch in e shop o r sending the m a ch in e to a m a ch in e sh op fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s ;
p r e p a rin g w ritten s p e c ific a tio n s fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r fo r the p r o d u ctio n o f
p a rts o r d e r e d fr o m m a ch in e sh op s; r e a s s e m b lin g m a ch in e s ; and m aking all
n e c e s s a r y adju stm en ts fo r op e ra tio n .
In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f a m a ch in e ry
m a in ten an ce m e ch a n ic r e q u ir e s roun ded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally
a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r equ ivalent tra in in g and e x ­
p e r ie n c e .
E x clu d ed fr o m th is c la s s ific a t io n a re w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y
duties in v o lv e settin g up o r adju sting m a ch in e s.
M AIN TE N AN C E M ECHANIC (M O TO R V E H IC L E )
R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s, b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and tr a c t o r s o f an e s t a b ­
lish m en t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E xam in ing a u tom otive
equ ipm ent to d ia gn ose s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g equipm ent and p e r ­
fo r m in g r e p a ir s that in v olv e the use o f su ch h an dtools as w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s ,
d r ills , o r s p e c ia liz e d equipm ent in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fitting p a rts ; re p la cin g
b ro k e n o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts fr o m sto ck ; g rin din g and adjusting v a lv e s ; r e ­
a s s e m b lin g and in sta llin g the v a r io u s a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le and m aking
n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm en ts; and aligning w h e e ls , adju sting b ra k es and lig h ts, o r
tightening b od y b o lts . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m o to r v e h ic le m a in ten an ce
m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ir e d th rough
a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r equ ivalent tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
T h is c la s s ific a t io n does not in clu d e m e c h a n ics who r e p a ir c u s t o m e r s '
v e h ic le s in a u tom ob ile r e p a ir sh ops.
M AIN TE N A N C E P IP E F IT T E R
In sta lls o r r e p a ir s w a te r, ste a m , g a s, o r oth er ty p es o f pipe and
p ip efittin g s in an esta b lish m en t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : L ayin g
out w ork and m e a su rin g to lo c a te p o s itio n o f pip e fr o m draw in gs o r oth e r
w ritten s p e c ific a t io n s ; cutting v a rio u s s iz e s o f pipe to c o r r e c t lengths with
c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a ce ty le n e t o r c h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a ch in e s ; th readin g
pipe w ith sto ck s and d ie s ; bending pip e by h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r -d r iv e n
m a ch in e s ; a s se m b lin g pip e w ith cou p lin g s and fasten in g pipe to h a n g ers;
m aking stan dard sh op com pu tation s rela tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f
pipe r e q u ire d ; and m aking stan dard te s ts to d e te rm in e w h eth er fin ish ed p ip es




M AIN TE N AN C E S H E E T -M E T A L W O RK ER
F a b r ic a t e s , in s t a lls , and m ain tains in g ood r e p a ir the s h e e t-m e ta l
equipm ent and fix tu re s (su ch as m a ch in e g u a rd s, g r e a s e p a n s, s h e lv e s ,
lo c k e r s , ta n k s, v e n t ila t o r s , ch u te s , d u cts, m e ta l ro o fin g ) o f an esta b lish m en t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and layin g out a ll ty p es o f
s h e e t-m e ta l m a in ten an ce w ork fr o m b lu e p r in ts , m o d e ls , o r oth er s p e c if i c a ­
tio n s ; settin g up and op era tin g a ll a v a ila b le typ es o f s h e e t-m e ta l w ork in g
m a ch in e s; using a v a r ie ty o f h an dtools in cutting, b en din g, fo r m in g , sh ap ing,
fittin g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in sta llin g s h e e t-m e ta l a r tic le s as r e q u ire d . T>
r
g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m a in ten an ce s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r re q u ire s rounded
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r
equ ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M ILLW RIG H T
In sta lls new m a ch in es o r h eavy equ ipm ent, and d ism a n tles and
in s ta lls m a ch in es o r h eavy equ ipm ent when changes in the plant layout are
re q u ire d . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P lanning and layin g out w o rk ;
in te r p r e tin g b lu ep rin ts o r oth er s p e c ific a tio n s ; using a v a r ie ty o f h an dtools
and r ig g in g ; m akin g stan dard shop com pu ta tion s relatin g to s t r e s s e s , stren gth
o f m a t e r ia ls , and c e n te rs o f g ra v ity ; aligning and balan cin g equipm ent;
s e le c tin g stan dard t o o l s , equ ipm en t, and p a rts to be u sed; and in sta llin g and
m ain taining in g ood o r d e r p o w e r tr a n s m is s io n equipm ent such as d r iv e s and
sp e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t's w ork n o rm a lly r e q u ire s a
rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in the tra d e a cq u ire d th rough a fo r m a l
a p p re n tice s h ip o r equ ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M A IN TE N AN C E TR A D E S H E L P E R
A s s is t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in .th e sk ille d m ain ten an ce t r a d e s , by
p e r fo r m in g s p e c ific o r g e n e r a l duties o f le s s e r s k ill, such as k eepin g a
w o r k e r su p p lied w ith m a te r ia ls and t o o ls ; clean in g w ork in g a r e a , m a ch in e,
and equ ipm en t; a s s is tin g jou rn ey m a n by h oldin g m a te r ia ls o r t o o ls ; and
p e r fo r m in g oth e r u n sk illed ta sk s as d ir e c te d by jou rn ey m a n .
The kind o f
w ork the h e lp e r is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m v a r ie s fr o m trad e to tra d e:
In
so m e tr a d e s the h e lp e r is con fin ed to su pplyin g , liftin g , and h olding m a te r ia ls
and t o o l s , and clean in g w ork in g a r e a s ; and in o th e rs he is p e r m itte d to
p e r fo r m s p e c ia liz e d m a ch in e o p e r a t io n s , o r p a rts o f a trad e that are a lso
p e r fo r m e d by w o r k e r s on a fu ll-t im e b a s is .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R (T O O L R O O M )
S p e c ia liz e s in op era tin g on e o r m o r e than one type o f m a ch in e
t o o l (e .g ., jig b o r e r , g rin din g m a ch in e , engine la th e, m illin g m a ch in e) to
m a ch in e m e ta l f o r use in m akin g o r m ain taining ji g s , fix tu r e s , cutting t o o ls ,
g a u g es, o r m e ta l d ies o r m o ld s u sed in shaping o r form in g m e ta l o r
n o n m e ta llic m a te r ia l ( e .g ., p la s t ic , p la s t e r , r u b b e r , g la s s ). W ork ty p ic a lly
in v o lv e s : P lann in g and p e r fo r m in g d ifficu lt m a ch in in g op e ra tio n s w hich
re q u ire c o m p lic a te d setups o r a high d e g re e o f a c c u r a c y ; setting up m a ch in e

M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R (T O O L R O O M )— Continued

T O O L AND DIE M A K E R — Continued

t o o l o r to o ls ( e .g ., in s ta ll cutting to o ls and adjust g u id e s, s to p s , w ork in g
t a b le s , and o th e r c o n t r o ls to handle the s iz e o f sto ck to be m a ch in ed ;
d eterm in e p r o p e r fe e d s , s p e e d s , to o lin g , and o p e r a tio n seq u en ce o r s e le c t
th o se p r e s c r i b e d in d ra w in g s , b lu e p r in ts , o r la y o u ts ); using a v a r ie ty o f
p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in stru m e n ts; m aking n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm en ts during
m a ch in in g o p e r a tio n to a ch iev e r e q u isite d im e n s io n s to v e r y c lo s e to le r a n c e s .
M ay be r e q u ire d to s e le c t p r o p e r coola n ts and cutting and lu b rica tin g o i l s ,
to r e c o g n iz e when to o ls n eed d r e s s in g , and to d r e s s to o ls . In g e n e r a l, the
w ork o f a m a c h in e -to o l o p e r a t o r (to o lr o o m ) at the s k ill le v e l ca lle d fo r in
this c la s s ific a t io n r e q u ir e s e x te n siv e k n ow led ge o f m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o l ­
r o o m p r a c t ic e u su ally a c q u ir e d th rough c o n s id e r a b le o n -t h e -jo b tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .

w ork in g to v e r y c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; h e a t-tr e a tin g m eta l p a rts and fin ish e d to o ls
and d ies to a ch ie v e re q u ire d q u a litie s ; fittin g and a s se m b lin g p a rts to p r e ­
s c r ib e d to le r a n c e s and a llo w a n ce s .
In g e n e r a l, the to o l and die m a k e r 's
w o rk r e q u ir e s roun ded tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c tic e
u su ally a c q u ir e d th rou g h fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r equ ivalent tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s -in d u s t r y w age study p u r p o s e s , th is c la s s ific a t io n d oes not
in clu d e t o o l and die m a k e rs who (1) a re e m p lo y e d in t o o l and die job b in g
sh ops o r (2) p r o d u c e fo r g in g d ies (die s in k e r s ).

ST A T IO N A R Y EN GIN EER
F o r c r o s s -in d u s t r y w age study p u r p o s e s , th is c la s s ific a t io n d oes not
in clu d e m a c h in e -to o l o p e r a t o r s (to o lr o o m ) e m p lo y e d in t o o l and die job b in g
sh op s.

T O O L AND DIE M A K E R

C o n stru cts and r e p a ir s j i g s , fix tu r e s , cutting t o o l s , g a u g es, o r
m eta l d ies o r m o ld s u sed in shaping o r fo r m in g m eta l o r n o n m e ta llic
m a te r ia l (e .g ., p la s t ic , p la s t e r , r u b b e r , g la s s ).
W ork ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s :
Planning and la yin g out w o rk a c c o r d in g to m o d e ls , b lu e p r in ts , d ra w in g s, o r
oth e r w ritten o r o r a l s p e c ific a t io n s ; u nderstan din g the w ork in g p r o p e r t ie s o f
co m m o n m e ta ls and a llo y s ; s e le c tin g a p p ro p ria te m a te r ia ls , t o o l s , and
p r o c e s s e s r e q u ire d to co m p le te ta sk ; m aking n e c e s s a r y shop com p u ta tion s;
settin g up and op e ra tin g v a r io u s m a ch in e to o ls and re la te d equ ipm ent; using
v a r io u s to o l and die m a k e r 's h an dtools and p r e c i s io n m e a su rin g in stru m e n ts;

O p e ra te s and m a in tain s and m ay a lso s u p e r v is e the o p e r a tio n o f
sta tion a ry en gin es and equ ipm ent (m e c h a n ica l o r e le c t r ic a l) to su pply the
esta b lish m en t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , h ea t, r e fr ig e r a t io n , o r a ir con d ition in g.
W ork in v o lv e s : O p era tin g and m a in tain in g equ ipm ent su ch as
ste a m e n g in e s, a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , tu r b in e s , ven tilatin g
and r e fr ig e r a tin g equ ip m en t, stea m b o i le r s and b o i le r - f e d w a te r p u m ps;
m aking equ ipm ent r e p a ir s ; and k eep in g a r e c o r d o f op e ra tio n o f m a ch in e ry ,
te m p e r a tu r e , and fu el con su m p tion .
M ay a ls o s u p e r v is e th ese o p e r a tio n s .
H ead o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e sta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one e n g in eer
a re e x c lu d e d .
B O IL E R TE N D E R
F ir e s sta tio n a ry b o ile r s to fu rn ish the esta b lish m en t in w hich e m ­
p lo y e d w ith h eat, p o w e r , o r stea m .
F e e d s fu els to fir e by hand o r
o p e r a te s a m e c h a n ic a l s to k e r , g a s , o r o il b u r n e r ; and ch eck s w a ter and
sa fety v a lv e s . M ay c le a n , o i l , o r a s s is t in r e p a ir in g b o ile r r o o m equipm ent.

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
T R U C K D R IV E R

SHIPPING AND R E CEIV IN G C L E R K — C ontinued

D riv e s a tr u ck w ithin a city o r in d u str ia l a r e a to tr a n s p o r t m a t e r ia ls ,
m e r c h a n d is e , equ ipm en t, o r w o r k e r s betw een v a r io u s typ es o f e sta b lish m e n ts
su ch as:
M an u factu rin g p la n ts, fr e ig h t d e p o ts, w a r e h o u s e s , w h o le sa le and
r e ta il e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r betw een r e ta il e sta b lis h m e n ts and c u s to m e r s* h ou ses
o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M ay a lso loa d o r unload tru ck with o r w ithout
h e lp e r s , m ake m in o r m e c h a n ica l r e p a ir s , and k eep tru ck in g ood w ork in g
o r d e r . S a le s -r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s are e x c lu d e d .

in v o lv e s : A kn ow led ge o f shipping p r o c ’e d u r e s , p r a c t ic e s , ro u te s, a v a ila b le
m ea n s o f tr a n s p o rta tio n , and r a te s ; and p r e p a r in g r e c o r d s o f the g oods
sh ip p ed , m akin g up b ills o f la d in g, p o s tin g w eigh t and shipping c h a r g e s , and
k eep in g a file o f sh ipping r e c o r d s .
M ay d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p r e p a r in g the
m e r c h a n d is e fo r sh ipm en t. R e c e iv in g w o rk in v o lv e s : V e r ify in g o r d ir e c tin g
o th e r s in v e r ify in g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f sh ip m en ts a gain st b ills o f la d in g, in ­
v o i c e s , o r oth er r e c o r d s ; ch eck in g f o r s h o r ta g e s and r e je c tin g dam aged g o o d s;
routing m e r c h a n d is e o r m a te r ia ls to p r o p e r d e p a rtm e n ts; and m aintaining
n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and file s .

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , tr u c k d r iv e r s a re c la s s ifie d by s iz e and
type o f equ ipm en t, as fo llo w s : ( T r a c t o r -t r a i l e r sh ou ld be rated on the b a s is
o f t r a i le r c a p a city .)
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,

light tr u ck (under IV2 ton s)
m ed iu m tru ck ( 1 V2 to and in clu din g 4 ton s)
h eavy tr u ck (t r a ile r ) (o v e r 4 ton s)
h eavy tru ck (oth er than t r a i le r ) (o v e r 4 ton s)

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :
Shipping c le r k
R e c e iv in g c le r k
Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k

SH IPPIN G AND RE CEIV IN G C L E R K

W AREH O U SEM AN

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e fo r sh ip m en t, o r r e c e iv e s and is r e s p o n s ib le
f o r in co m in g sh ipm en ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a te r ia ls .
Shipping w ork

As d ir e c t e d , p e r fo r m s a v a r ie ty o f w a reh ou sin g duties w h ich r e q u ire
an u n derstan din g o f the e s ta b lis h m e n t's sto ra g e p la n . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t




34

W A R E H O U SE M A N — Continued

M A T E R IA L H AN DLING L A B O R E R — Continued

o f the fo llo w in g : V e r ify in g m a te r ia ls (o r m e r c h a n d is e ) against r e c e iv in g
d o cu m e n ts, noting and r e p o rtin g d is c r e p a n c ie s and ob v io u s d a m a g es; routing
m a te r ia ls to p r e s c r ib e d s to ra g e lo c a tio n s ; s to rin g , sta ck in g, o r p a lletizin g
m a te r ia ls in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r ib e d sto ra g e m e th o d s; re a r ra n g in g and
taking in v en tory o f s t o r e d m a t e r ia ls ; exam in in g s t o r e d m a te r ia ls and r e ­
p ortin g d e te r io r a tio n and d a m ag e; r em ov in g m a te r ia l fr o m s to ra g e and
p re p a rin g it fo r sh ipm en t. M ay o p era te hand o r p ow er tru ck s in p e r fo r m in g
w a reh ou sin g d u ties.

c a r s , tr u c k s , o r oth er tr a n sp o rtin g d e v ic e s ; u npacking, sh elv in g , o r p la cin g
m a te r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s to ra g e lo c a tio n ; and tra n sp o rtin g
m a te r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e by h an dtru ck, c a r , o r w h e e lb a rro w .
L on g sh ore
w o r k e r s , who loa d and unload sh ip s , are e x clu d e d .

E x clu de w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y duties in v o lv e shipping and r e c e iv in g
w ork (s e e Shipping and R e c e iv in g C le rk and Shipping P a c k e r ), o r d e r fillin g
(se e O r d e r F il le r ) , o r op era tin g p o w e r tr u ck s (se e P o w e r -T r u c k O p e ra to r ).

P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R
O p era tes a m anu ally c o n t r o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic -p o w e r e d tru ck
o r t r a c t o r to tr a n sp o rt g ood s and m a te r ia ls o f a ll kinds about a w a r e h o u se ,
m an u factu rin g plant, o r oth e r e sta b lish m en t.
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a re c la s s ifie d by type o f p o w e r tr u ck , as fo llo w s :

O R D E R F IL L E R
F ills shipping o r t r a n s fe r o r d e r s fo r fin ish e d g oods fr o m s to r e d
m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c ific a tio n s on s a le s s lip s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r oth e r in s tru ctio n s . M ay, in addition to fillin g o r d e r s and in dicatin g
ite m s fille d o r o m itte d , k eep r e c o r d s o f ou tgoin g o r d e r s , re q u isitio n a d d i­
tion a l sto ck o r r e p o rt sh ort su p p lies to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r fo r m o th e r re la te d
du ties.
SHIPPING P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s fin ish ed p r o d u cts f o r sh ipm ent o r s to ra g e by p la cin g th em
in shipping c o n ta in e r s , the s p e c ific o p e ra tio n s p e r fo r m e d bein g dependent
upon the ty p e ,' s i z e , and n u m ber o f units to be p a ck e d , the type o f con ta in er
e m p lo y e d , and m eth od o f sh ipm en t. W ork r e q u ir e s the p la cin g o f ite m s in
shipping co n ta in e rs and m a y in v olv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : K now ledge
o f v a r io u s ite m s o f s to ck in o r d e r to v e r ify content; s e le c t io n o f a p p rop ria te
type and s iz e o f co n ta in e r; in se r tin g e n c lo s u r e s in co n ta in e r; using e x c e ls io r
o r o th e r m a te r ia l to p rev en t b rea k a g e o r d a m a g e; c lo sin g and sea lin g
con ta in er; and applying la b els o r en terin g iden tifyin g data on co n ta in e r.
P a c k e r s who a ls o m ake w ooden b o x e s o r c ra te s are ex clu d e d .
M A T E R IA L HANDLING L A B O R E R
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u se , m a n u factu rin g plant, s t o r e , o r
oth e r esta b lis h m e n t w h ose duties in v olv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g :
L oad ing and unloading v a r io u s m a te r ia ls and m e r c h a n d is e on o r fr o m freig h t




F o r k lift o p e r a to r
P o w e r -t r u c k o p e r a to r (oth er than fo r k lift)

GUARD AND W A T C H M A N
G u a rd . P e r fo r m s routine p o lic e d u ties, e ith e r at fix e d p o s t o r on
to u r , m ain taining o r d e r , using a rm s o r f o r c e w h ere n e c e s s a r y . In clu des
guards who a re sta tion ed at gate and ch eck on iden tity o f e m p lo y e e s and
oth e r p e r s o n s e n te r in g .
W a tch m an . M akes rounds o f p r e m is e s
p r o p e r ty against f i r e , th eft, and ille g a l en try.

p e r io d ic a lly

in p r o te c tin g

JA N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R
C lean s and k eep s in an o r d e r ly con d ition fa c to r y w ork in g a rea s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m is e s o f an o f f ic e , apartm en t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c ia l o r
o th e r e sta b lis h m e n t. D uties in v o lv e a com b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g : S w eepin g,
m op pin g o r sc r u b b in g , and p o lish in g f lo o r s ; rem o v in g c h ip s, tr a s h , and oth e r
r e fu s e ; dusting equ ipm en t, fu rn itu r e , o r fix tu r e s ; p o lish in g m e ta l fix tu re s o r
tr im m in g s ; p r o v id in g su p p lies and m in o r m a in ten an ce s e r v ic e s ; and clean in g
la v a t o r ie s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s who s p e c ia liz e in w indow
w ashin g a re e x c lu d e d .

Available On Request—
• i-i ThC fo llo w in S a r e a s a r e s u r v e y e d p e r io d ic a lly f o r u se in a d m in is te r in g the S e r v ic e C o n tra ct
i
av a ila b le at no c o s t fr o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l o f fi c e s show n on the b a ck c o v e r .

A ct

of

1965.

S u rv e y r e s u lts a r e p u b lish ed

in r e le a s e s w h ich ,

A la s k a
A lb a n y , Ga.
A lb u q u e rq u e , N. M ex.
A le x a n d r ia , La.
A lp e n a , S tand ish, and T aw as C ity , M ich .
Ann A r b o r , M ich .
A s h e v ille , N .C .
A tla n tic C ity, N.J.
A u gu sta , Ga.—S.C.
B a k e r s fie ld , C a lif.
Baton R o u ge , La.
B a ttle C r e e k , M ich .
B eaum ont—P o r t A r t h u i^ O r a n g e , T e x.
B ilo x i— u lfp ort and P a s c a g o u la , M is s .
G
B o is e C ity , Idaho
B r e m e r t o n , W ash.
B r id g e p o r t , N o rw a lk , and S ta m fo r d , Conn.
B ru n s w ick , Ga.
B u rlin g to n , Vt.—N .Y .
C a pe C o d , M a ss.
C e d a r R a p id s, Iowa
Ch am paign—U rbana— antoul, 111.
R

P a r k e r s b u r g —M a r i e t t a ,
P e o r i a , III.

la s t,

a re o r w ill be

L o g a n sp o rt—P e r u , Ind.
L o ra in — ly r ia , Ohio
E
L o w e r E a s te r n S h o r e , M d.—V a.—D el.
L yn ch b u rg , Va.
M a co n , Ga.
M a d iso n , W is.
M a n s fie ld , O hio
M a rq u e tte , E s ca n a b a , Sault Ste. M a r ie , M ich .
M cA lle n —Pharx^-Edinburg and B r o w n s v ille —
H a rlin ge n —
San B e n ito , T e x .
M e d fo rd — lam ath F a lls — ra nts P a s s , O re g .
K
G
M e r id ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , M onm outh, and O cean C o s ., N .J.
M o b ile and P e n s a c o la , A la .—F la .
M o n tg o m e r y , A la .
N a s h v ille —D a v id so n , Tenn.
New B ern —J a c k s o n v ille , N .C.
N ew London—N o rw ich , C onn.—R .I.
N orth D akota, State o f
O rla n d o , F la .
O xnard—S im i V a lley—V e n tu re , C a lif.
P a nam a C ity , F la .

C h arleston ,

w hile su p p lies

S.C .

C h a rlo tte — a sto n ia , N .C .
G
C h eyen n e, W yo.
C la r k s v ille —H o p k in s v ille , T en n.— y .
K
C o lo r a d o S p r in g s , C o lo .
C o lu m b ia , S.C .
C o lu m b u s , G a.— la .
A
C o lu m b u s , M is s .
C r a n e , Ind.
D e ca tu r, 111.
D es M o in e s , Iowa
D othan, A la .
Duluth— u p e r io r , M inn.—W is.
S
E l P a s o , T e x ., and A la m o g o r d o —Las C r u c e s , N. M ex.
E u gene—S p r in g fie ld , O re g .
F a y e tt e v ille , N.C.
F itc h b u r g —L e o m in s t e r , M a s s .
F o r t Sm ith, A r k .—O kla.
F o r t W ayne, Ind.
F r e d e r i c k — a g e r s to w n , M d.— h a m b e r s b u r g , P a .—
H
C
M a r tin s b u r g , W. V a.
G adsden and A n n is to n , A la .
G o ld s b o r o , N .C .
G rand Island—H a stin gs, N e b r.
G re a t F a lls , M ont.
G uam , T e r r i t o r y o f
H a r ris b u r g —L eb anon, Pa.
Huntington— sh la n d , W. V a.— y.—
A
K
Ohio
K n o x v ille , Tenn.
La C r o s s e , W is.
L a red o, T ex.
L as V e g a s , Nev.
Law ton, O kla.
L im a , O hio
L ittle R o ck —N orth L ittle R o c k , A rk .

W . V a . —O h i o

P h o e n ix , A r iz .
P ine B lu ff, A r k .
P o c a t e llo —
Idaho F a lls , Idaho
P o r ts m o u th , N .H .—M aine— a s s .
M
P u e b lo , C o lo .
P u e rto R ic o
R e n o , Nev.
R ich lan d — en n ew ick—W alla W alla—
K
P e n d le to n , W ash.— re g .
O
R iv e r side—San B e r n a rd in o —O n ta rio, C a lif.
Salina, K ans.
S alinas—S e a sid e —M o n te r e y , C a lif.
Sandusky, O hio
Santa B a rb a r a —
Santa M aria—L o m p o c , C a lif.
Savannah, Ga.
S e lm a , A la .
Sherm an—D e n iso n , T e x .
S h r e v e p o rt, La.
Sioux F a lls , S. Dak.
S pok ane, W ash.
S p r in g fie ld , 111.
S p r in g fie ld — h ic o p e e —H o ly o k e, M a s s .— onn.
C
C
S to ck to n , C a lif.
T a c o m a , W ash.
Tam pa—St. P e t e r s b u r g , F la .
T o p e k a , K ans.
T u c s o n , A r iz .
T u ls a , O kla.
V a lle jo — a irfie ld r-N a p a , C a lif.
F
W aco and K ille e n —T e m p le , T e x .
W a te r lo o —C e d a r F a lls , Iow a
W est T e x a s P la in s
W ilm in g to n , D e l.—N .J.—M d.

An annual r e p o r t on s a la r ie s f o r a c c o u n ta n ts , a u d it o r s , c h ie f a c c o u n ta n ts , a t t o r n e y s , jo b a n a ly s ts , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l, b u y e r s , c h e m is t s , e n g in e e r s , e n g in e e r in g t e c h n icia n s , d r a f t e r s , and
c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s is a v a ila b le .
O rd e r as B L S B u lle tin 1891, N ational S u rv e y o f P r o f e s s io n a l, A d m in is t r a tiv e , T e c h n ic a l, and C l e r i c a l P a y , M a r c h 197 5. $ 1.30 a c o p y , fr o m any o f the BLS r e g io n a l s a le s
o f fi c e s show n on the back c o v e r , o r fr o m the Superintenden t o f D o cu m e n ts , U.S. G o v e rn m e n t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington, D .C . 20402.




Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t o f th e l a t e s t a v a il a b l e b u lle t in s o r b u lle t in s u p p le m e n t s is p r e s e n t e d b e lo w .
A d i r e c t o r y o f a r e a w a g e s t u d ie s in c lu d in g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d ie s c o n d u c t e d a t th e r e q u e s t o f th e E m p lo y m e n t
S ta n d a rd s A d m in is t r a t io n o f th e D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on re q u e s t.
B u lle t in s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m a n y o f th e B L S r e g io n a l o f f i c e s sh o w n o n th e b a c k c o v e r .
B u lle tin s u p p le m e n ts m a y b e
o b t a in e d w it h o u t c o s t , w h e r e in d ic a t e d , f r o m B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s .

A rea

.

A k ron , O hio, D e c. 1975____i ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------A lban y— ch en ectad y—T r o y , N .Y ., Sept. 1975 *_________________________________________
S
A n a h eim -S a n ta Ana—G arden G ro v e , C a lif., O ct. 1 9 7 5 1_____ _________________________
Atlanta, G a., M ay 1976__________________________________________________________________
A u stin , T e x ., D e c. 1 9 7 5 1__ _____________________________________________________________
B a ltim o re , M d ., Aug. 1 9 7 5 * ____________________________________________________________
B illin g s, M ont., July 1976____ __________________________________________________________
B ingham ton, N .Y .—P a ., July 1975 ______________________________________________________
B irm in gh a m , A la ., M ar. 1 9 7 6 * _________________________________________________________
B oston , M a s s ., A u g. 1975 1______________________________________________________________
B u ffa lo, N .Y ., O ct. 1 9 7 5 * ________________________________________________________________
Canton, O hio, M ay 1976__________________________________________________________________
C hattanooga, T enn.—G a., Sept. 1975 *_____________ :.____________________________________
C h ica g o , 111., M ay 1976__________________________________________________________________
C in cin n ati, O h io -K y .— d ., M a r. 1976_____ j____________________________________________
In
C lev ela n d , O hio, Sept. 197 5_____________________________________________________________
C olu m bu s, O hio, O ct. 1 9 7 5 1____________________________________________________________
C orp u s C h ris ti, T e x ., July 1 9 7 6 * ______________________________________________________
D a lla s — o r t W orth , T e x ., O ct. 1 9 7 5 ' _________________________________________________
F
D avenport—R ock Island— olin e , Iowa—
M
111., F e b . 1976________________________________
D ayton, O hio, D e c. 1975_________________________________________________________________
D aytona B ea ch , F la ., A u g. 1975-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------D en ver—B ou ld er, C o lo ., D e c. 1975_____________________________________________________
D e tr o it, M ic h ., M ar. 1 9 7 6 1_____________________________________________________________
F o r t L a u d erd ale—H ollyw ood and W est P a lm B e a ch —
B oca Raton, F la ., A p r. 1976__________________________________________________________
F r e s n o , C a lif., June 1976____ -__________________________________________________________
G a in e s v ille , F la ., Sept. 1975 ___________________________________________________________
G reen B ay, W is ., July 1976_____________________________________________________________
G r e e n s b o r o — in s to n -S a le m —
W
High P oin t, N. C ., Aug. 197 5_____________________________
G re e n v ille — pa rtan bu rg, S .C ., June 1976 1____________________________________________
S
H a rtford , Con n., M a r. 1976_____________________________________________________________
H ouston, T e x ., A p r. 1976________________________________________________________________
H u n tsville, A la ., F eb . 1976______________________________________________________________
In d ian ap olis, Ind., O ct. 1975 1 __________________________________________________________
J a ck s o n , M is s ., F eb . 1976___________ ___________________________________________________
J a ck s o n v ille , F la ., D ec. 1975___________________________________________________________
K ansas C ity, M o .-K a n s ., Sept. 197 5___________________________________________________
L exington— a y ette, K y., N ov. 1975 1___________________________________________________
F
L o s A n g e le s —Lon g B ea ch , C a lif., O ct. 1975 *_________________________________________
L o u is v ille , Ky.—Ind., N ov. 1975_________________________________________________________
M elb ou rn e—T it u s v ille —C o c o a , F la ., A u g. 197 5__________________________________________
M em p h is, Tenn.— r k .—M i s s . , N ov. 1975_______________________________________________
A
* Prices are d e te rm in e d b y th e G o ve rn m e n t P rin tin g O ffic e and are su b je c t to change.
1 D a ta on esta b lish m e n t p ra ctice s and su p p le m e ntary w ag e pro visio ns are also presented.
2 T o be surveyed.




B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r ic e *

1 8 5 0 -8 0 , 45 cents
18 5 0 -6 3 , $ 1 .2 0
1 8 5 0 -7 5 , 85 cen ts
1 9 0 0 -3 0 , 85 cents
1 8 5 0 -8 3 , 75 cen ts
185 0 -6 2 , $ 1 .3 0
1 9 0 0 -3 9 , 55 cents
1 85 0-5 0, 65 cents
1 9 0 0 -1 1 , 95 cents
1 8 5 0 -5 8 , $ 1 .5 0
1 8 5 0 -6 9 , 95 cents
1 9 0 0 -2 8 , 55 cents
1 85 0-6 7, 85 cents
1 9 0 0 -3 2 , $ 1.05
1 9 0 0 -7 , 75 cents
185 0 -6 4 , $ 1 .3 0
1 8 5 0 -7 8 , 95 cents
1 9 0 0 -4 1 , 55 cen ts
185 0-5 9, $ 1 .5 0
1 9 0 0 -2 5 , 55 cents
1 8 5 0 -7 3 , 45 cen ts
1 8 5 0 -4 7 , 65 cen ts
1 8 5 0 -8 2 , 75 cents
1 9 0 0 -1 5 , $ 1 .2 5
1 9 0 0 -2 0 ,
1 9 0 0 -2 9 ,
18 5 0 -5 7 ,
1 9 0 0 -3 7 ,
1 85 0-4 9,
1 9 0 0 -3 6 ,
1 9 0 0 -1 4 ,
1 9 0 0 -2 6 ,
1 9 0 0 -1 7 ,
1 85 0-6 6,
1 9 0 0 -8 ,
1 8 5 0 -8 1 ,
1 85 0-5 5,
1 8 5 0 -8 4 ,
1 8 5 0 -8 6 ,
1 8 5 0 -7 9 ,
1 85 0-5 4,
1 8 5 0 -8 5 ,

55 cents
55 cents
$ 1 .1 0
55 cents
65 cents
85 cents
55 cents
85 cents
55 cents
95 cents
55 cents
45 cents
80 cents
75 cents
$ 1.15
45 cents
65 cents
45 cents

A rea

Miami, F la ., Oct. 1975_____________________________________________________________
Milwaukee, W is., Apr. 1976______________ __________________________________________
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn.— is., Jan. 1976______________________________________
W
Nassau—
Suffolk, N .Y., June 1976____________________________________________________
Newark, N.J., Jan. 1976_____________________________________________________________
New Orleans, La., Jan. 1976__________________________ _____________________________
New York, N .Y .-N .J ., May 1975 1 __________________________________________________
Norfolk—
Virginia Beach-Portsm outh, Va.— C., May 1976*_______________________
N.
Norfolk—
Virginia Beach—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va.—
N.C., May 1976*__________________________________________________ _
Northeast Pennsylvania, Aug. 1975 ________________________ ________________________
Oklahoma City, Okla., Aug. 1975_________________________________________________ _
Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa, Oct. 1975_____________________________________________________
Paterson—
Clifton— assaic, N.J., June 1976_________________________________________
P
Philadelphia, Pa.—
N.J., Nov. 1975 __________________ ,______________________________
Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 1976*________________________________________________________
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1975_________________________________________________________
Portland,. O reg.—
Wash., May 1975 _________________________________________________
Poughkeepsie, N .Y ., June 1975*____________________________________________________
Poughkeepsie—
Kingston-Newburgh, N.Y., June 19751_____________________________
Providence—
Warwick—
Pawtucket, R.I.— a ss., June 1976__________________________
M
Raleigh-Durham, N.C., Feb. 1976_________________________________ _________________
Richmond, V a., June 1976__________________________________________________________
St. Louis, Mo.—
111., Mar. 19761____________________________________________________
Sacramento, C alif., Dec. 1975_____________________________________________________
Saginaw, M ich., Nov. 1975__________________________________________________________
Salt Lake City—
Ogden, Utah, Nov. 1975*___________________________________________
San Antonio, Tex., May 1976________________________________________________ _______
San Diego, C alif., Nov. 1975____________________________________________________ ___
San F ra n cisco —
Oakland, C alif., Mar. 1976_________________________________________
San Jose, C alif., Mar. 1976_________________________________________________________
Seattle—
Everett, Wash., Jan. 1976__________________________________________________
South Bend, Ind., Mar. 1976_________________________________________________________
Stamford, Conn., May 1976 1 ________________________________________________________
Syracuse, N .Y ., July 1975__________________________________________________________
Toledo, Ohio— ich., May 1976_____________________________________________________
M
Trenton, N.J., Sept. 19751 _________________________________________________________
Utica^Rome, N.Y., July 1975 1 _____________________________________________________
Washington, D.C.—
Md.— a., Mar. 1976_____________________________________________
V
W estchester County, N.Y., May 1975 *_____________________________________________
Wichita, Kans., Apr. 1976_______________________________ ___________________________
W orcester, M ass., Apr. 1976_______________________________________________________
York, Pa., Feb. 1976________________________________________________________________

B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r ic e *

1850-76,
1900-22,
1900-3,
1900-35,
1900-10,
1900-2,
1850-45,
1900-27,

95 cents
85 cents
95 cents
85 cents
85 cents
75 cents
$1.10
85 cents

1900-33,
1850-52,
1850-51,
1850-56,
1900-38,
1850-65,
1900-1,
1850-72,
1850-40,
1850-70,
1850-68,
1900-31,
1900-18,
1900-34,
1900-19,
1850-87,
1850-71,
1850-74,
1900-23,
1850-77,
1900-9,
1900-13,
1900-6,
1900-5,
1900-40,
1850-43,
1900-24,
1850-60,
1850-48.
1900-12,
1850-53,
1900-21,
1900-16,
1900-4,

85 cents
65 cents
65 cents
$1.10
55 cents
85 cents
$1.15
45 cents
75 cents
65 cents
75 cents
75 cents
55 cents
65 cents
$1.25
45 cents
35 cents
75 cents
65 cents
45 cents
95 cents
75 cents
65 cents
55 cents
85 cents
65 cents
55 cents
$1.20
80 cents
85 cents
80 cents
55 cents
55 cents
55 cents

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region I
Region II
1603 JFK Federal Building
Suite 3400
Government Center
1515 Broadway
Boston, Mass. 02203
New York, N.Y. 10036
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
C onnecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Region III
3535 Market Street,
P.O. Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 597-1154 (Area Cade 215)
Delaware
D istrict of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St., N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)
Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
M ississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Region V
Region VI
Regions VII and V III
Regions IX and X
9th Floor, 230 S. Dearborn St.
Second Floor
Federal Office Building
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Chicago, III. 60604
555 Griffin Square Building
911 W alnut St., 15th Floor
Box 36017
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
San Francisco, C alif. 94102
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code •
I llinois
Indiana
Arkansas
VII
V III
IX
X
Michigan
Louisiana
Iowa
Colorado
Arizona
Alaska
Minnesota
New Mexico
Kansas
Montana
C alifornia
Idaho
Ohio
Oklahoma
Missouri
North Dakota
Hawaii
Oregon
W isconsin
Nebraska
Texas
South Dakota
Nevada
Washington
1 |Iq K
u lan
Wyoming





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102