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)t?o o -3 7

Area Wage Survey
Green Bay, Wisconsin, Metropolitan Area, July 1976
Bulletin 1900-37
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics




tjo u tN coupon
ew T
0C12-21976
C o-

f ubttc Library

Preface
T his b u lletin p r o v id e s r e s u lts of a Ju ly 1976 su r v e y of
o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in gs in the G reen Bay, W is co n s in , Standard
M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a (B row n County).
The su r v e y w as
m ade as p a rt o f the B ureau of L a b o r S ta tis tic s ' annual a rea
w age s u r v e y p r o g r a m , w h ich is d es ig n e d to y ie ld data f o r in d i­
v id u a l m e tro p o lita n a r e a s as w e ll as n ation a l and r e g io n a l e s t i­
m a tes f o r a ll Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a s in the United
S tates, ex clu d in g A la sk a and H awaii.
A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in the a rea w age s u r v e y p r o g r a m
is the n eed to d e s c r ib e the le v e l and m ov em en t o f w ages in a
v a r ie ty of la b o r m a rk e ts , th rough the a n a ly sis o f (1) the le v e l
and d is trib u tio n o f w a g es by occu p a tion , and (2) the m ov em en t
o f w ages b y o c cu p a tio n a l c a te g o r y and s k ill le v e l.
The p r o g r a m
d e v e lo p s in fo rm a tio n that m ay be u sed f o r m any p u r p o s e s , in ­
cluding w age and s a la r y a d m in istra tio n , c o lle c t iv e b a rg ain in g ,
and a s s is ta n c e in d eterm in in g plant lo ca tio n .
S u rvey r e s u lts a ls o
a r e u sed by the U.S. D ep artm en t of L a b or to m ake w age d e t e r ­
m in a tion s u nder the S e r v ic e C o n tra ct A c t of 1965.
C u rren tly , 84 a r e a s a r e in clu ded in the p r o g r a m .
(See
lis t o f a r e a s on in sid e b a ck c o v e r .)
In ea ch a r e a , o ccu p a tio n a l




ea rn in g s data a r e c o lle c t e d annually.
In fo rm a tio n on e s t a b lis h ­
m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w age b e n e fits is obtain ed e v e r y
th ird y e a r .
E a ch y e a r a fte r a ll in d iv id u a l a r e a w age su r v e y s have
b een co m p le te d , tw o su m m a ry b u lletin s a r e is s u e d .
The f i r s t
b r in g s to g e th e r data f o r e a ch m e tro p o lita n a r e a su r v e y e d ; the
se c o n d p r e s e n ts n a tion a l and r e g io n a l e s tim a te s , p r o je c t e d fr o m
in d iv id u a l m e tro p o lita n a r e a data.

Note:
The G re e n Bay su r v e y w as con d u cted by the B u re a u 's
r e g io n a l o ffic e in C h ica g o, Illin o is , u n d er the g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n
o f L o is L . O r r , A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l C o m m is s io n e r f o r O p era tion s.
The su r v e y cou ld n ot have b een a c c o m p lis h e d w ithout the c o o p ­
e r a tio n o f the m any fir m s w h ose w age and s a la r y data p r o v id e d
the b a s is f o r the s t a t is t ic a l in fo rm a tio n in this b u lletin .
The
B u reau w ish e s to e x p r e s s s in c e r e a p p r e c ia tio n f o r the c o o p e r ­
ation r e c e iv e d .

Bulletin 1900-37

A rea W age Survey:

September 1976

G reen Bay, W isconsin,
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, W. J. Usery, Jr., Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS, Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

M etropolitan A rea
July 1976

C O n ten tS

Page

I n t r o d u c t i o n ________________________________________

2

Page
Appendix A.
Appendix B.

S cope and method o f s u r v e y ________ 11
O ccu p ation a l d e s c r i p t i o n s __________ 14

T ab les:
A.

E arnin gs:
A - l . W eek ly earnin gs o f o f f ic e w o r k e r s . . .
A - 2 . W eek ly earnin gs o f p r o f e s s i o n a l
and tec h n ic a l w o r k e r s ______________
A - 3 . A v e r a g e w eek ly earnin gs o f o f f i c e ,
p r o f e s s i o n a l , and tech nical
w o r k e r s , by s e x ____________________
A - 4 . H ou rly earnings o f m a in tenance,
t o o l r o o m , and powerplant
w o r k e r s ______________________________
A - 5 . H ou rly earnings o f m a te r ia l
m ov em en t and custodial
w o r k e r s ______________________________
A - 6 . A v e r a g e h ou r ly earnin gs of
m a in ten an ce, t o o l r o o m , p o w e r plant, m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t, and
c u s tod ia l w o r k e r s , by s e x __________
A -7 . P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s in av erag e
h ou r ly earnin gs f o r se le ct e d
o c cu p a tion a l g ro u p s, adjusted
f o r em p loym ent s h i f t s _______________




3
4

5
6

7

8

9

1

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Introduction
This a r e a is 1 of 84 in w hich the U.S.
D epartm ent of L a b o r ' s Bureau of L a b o r Statistic s
c ondu cts su r v e y s of o ccu pation al earn ing s and r e ­
lated ben efits.
In this a r e a , data w e r e obtained by
a c o m bin a tion of p e r s o n a l v isit, m a il qu estion n a ire,
and telephone in terview .
R ep r e se n ta tiv e e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts within six b r o a d in du stry d iv is io n s w e r e c o n ­
tacted:
M anufacturin g; tran sp ortation, c o m m u n i c a ­
tion,
and oth er pu blic utilities; w h o l e s a l e tr a d e;
r e ta i l trade; fin ance, in su r a n ce, and r ea l estate;
and s e r v i c e s .
M a jo r in dustr y groups e x clu d e d f r o m
th ese studies ar e g o v e r n m e n t op er a tion s and the
c o n s t r u c t io n and ex tr a c tiv e in du stries.
E s ta b lis h ­
m ents having f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d num ber of
w o r k e r s a r e om itted b e c a u s e of in su fficien t e m p l o y ­
m en t in the occu pation s studied.
Separate tabu la­
tions a r e p r ov id ed f o r e a c h of the b r o a d in du stry
d iv is io n s w hich m e e t pu blica tion c r it e r i a .

(c) m a in ten an ce, t o o l r o o m , and p ow erp lan t, and (d)
m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t and c u stodia l.
In the 31 la r g e s t
s u r v e y a r e a s , tables A - l a through A - 6 a p r o v id e
s i m i l a r data f o r estab lis h m en ts em p loyin g 500 w o r k ­
ers or more.
Table A - 7 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t changes in a v ­
e r a g e hourly ea r n in g s of o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s ,
e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g w o r k e r s , in du stria l
nurses,
sk illed m ain ten an ce tr a d es w o r k e r s , and
unsk illed plant w o r k e r s .
W h ere p o s s i b l e , data are
p r e s e n t e d f o r all in d u str ie s , m a nufacturin g, and
nonm anufacturin g.
This table p r o v i d e s a m e a s u r e of
wage trends a ft e r elim in a tion of cha nges in a v e r a g e
e arn in g s c a u sed by e m p lo y m e n t shifts am ong e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts as w e ll as tu r n o v e r of est a b lis h m e n t s in ­
c lud ed in s u r v e y s a m p l e s .
F o r fu rt h e r details, see
appendix A.
A ppendixe s

A - s e r i e s tables
T a b les A - 1 through A - 6 pr ov id e estim a tes
o f s t r a ig h t - tim e w eek ly o r h ou r ly earnin gs f o r w o r k ­
e r s in occu pation s c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y of manu­
fa c tu r in g and nonm anufacturin g in du stries.
O ccupa­
tions w e r e s e l e c t e d f r o m the follow in g c a t e g o r i e s :
(a) O f f ic e c l e r i c a l , (b) p r o f e s s i o n a l and tech nical,

A pp endix A d e s c r i b e s the methods and c o n ­
cep ts u sed in the a r e a wage s u r v e y p r o g r a m and
p r o v i d e s in fo rm a t io n on the s c o p e o f the su rvey .
A pp endix B p r o v i d e s job d e s c r i p t i o n s used
by Bureau f ie ld e c o n o m i s t s to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s by
occu pation .

2

A. Earnings
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Green Bay, Wis., July 1976
W e e k l y ea r n in g s 1

N um ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e w e e k ly ea rn in gs o f—

( s t ai i da rd )
s

A vera ge
w e e k ly

O c c u p a t i o n a n d i n d u st ry division
orkers

80

ho urs1
M ean ^

( s t a nd a rd

Median *

M id d le range ^

and
under
90

ALL

f

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S B ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S C ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------- ----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S 0 ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u p i n g
------ ------------, g e n e r a l ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

s t e n o g r a p h e r s

ma n u f a c t u r i n

TYPISTS,
FILE

CLASS

CLERKS,

100

110

s

S

S

120

13 0

14 0

15 0

-

-

-

S
120

-

-

-

13 0

14 0

15 0

S
160

-

-

160

17 0

S

$
1 7 0

180

200

-

-

19 0

200

210

12
8

1
1

S

$

10

. -

180

S

$
190

210

1

S

S

s

S

2 5 0

260

-

-

-

2 6 p

280

3 0 0

9

3

4

2
1

2
2

2
2

220

2 3 0

-

-

-

220

2 3 0

2 4 0

2 5 0

$

$

7

2

7

2
-

6
2
4

2*0

280

3 0 0

and

$

3 9 ,5

1 6 8 .0 0

1 5 7 .5 0

1 3 3 . 5 0 - 1 9 8 . 5 0

-

-

8

9

14

19

19

19

10

3 9 .5

1 8 8 . Q0

1 8 0 .0 0

1 5 6 . 0 0 - 2 1 3 . 0 0

-

-

-

-

4

3

5

9

5

8

16

14

10

5

5

4

-

6

-

-

3

3

4

-

3

1
1

2

3

1
1

-

2
2

4

6

5

4

3

•

5

2
2

4

4

3

2

1

1

2
1

-

2

*

3

9 7

3 9 .5

1 5 4 .0 0

1 4 2 .5 0

1 2 8 . 0 0 - 1 7 2 .0 0

-

-

8

9

10

22

3 9 .5

1 9 5 .0 0

1 8 7 .5 0

1 6 6 . 0 0 - 2 3 3 . 0 0

•

•

-

.

•

17

3 9 .5

1 9 5 .5 0

1 8 8 .5 0

1 6 4 . 0 0 - 2 1 8 . 0 0

-

-

—

1 5 6 . 5 0 - 2 3 7 , 5 0

•

•

-

1

-

A 3

3 9 .5

1 9 1 .5 0

1 7 9 .0 0

2 7

3 9 .5

1 9 2 .0 0

1 7 2 .5 0

1 5 7 . 0 0 - 2 3 2 . 5 0

-

-

16

3 9 .5

1 9 1 .5 0

1 9 2 .5 0

1 5 5 . 5 0 - 2 4 5 . 0 0

-

88

3 9 .5

19

3 9 .5

1 7 7 .5 0

1 7 6 .5 0

1 4 7 . 0 0 - 2 1 3 . 0 0

6 9

3 9 .5

1 3 8 .0 0

1 3 4 .0 0

1 2 2 . 0 0 - 1 4 9 .0 0

120

4 0 .0

1 6 7 .5 0

1 7 8 .0 0

1 5 8 .0 0

1 6 3 .0 0

1 3 3 . 0 0 - 1 7 6 , 0 0

1 2 6 . 5 0 - 1 5 7 . 5 0

8

8
-

-

8

8

3

9

-

16

3 9 .5

1 3 9 .0 0

1 3 2 .9 0

1 0 8 . 5 0 - 1 4 6 . 5 0

ORDER

16

3 9 .0

1 7 3 .5 0

1 6 6 .5 0

4 0 .0

2 0 7 . 5 0

2 0 2 .5 0

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S . C L A S S A ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------- -------------N O N M A N U F A C T U P I N G ------ ---------- —
C L E R K S . C L A S S B ----------------------------------a c t u r i n g
---------------------

m a n u f a c t u r i n g

P A Y R O L L C L E R K S --------- -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------- ---------K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------- ----------- ----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B ------ ~
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G — -----------------

4

3

2

6

5

5

1

-

3

11

4

5

7

4

4

2

4

*

1

-

-

-

2

1

6

2

1

6

•

-

1 5 7 . 0 0 - 2 0 2 . 5 0

-

1 4 9 . 5 0 - 2 6 3 . 5 0

-

—

3 9 .5

1 9 5 .5 0

1 8 6 .5 0

1 5 3 , 0 0 - 2 1 2 . 5 0

-

-

71

4 0 .0

2 1 4 .5 0

2 3 8 . 0 0

1 4 5 . 5 0 - 2 7 7 . 5 0

*

44

15

2 9

3 9 .0

1 2 6 .0 0

4 0 .0

1 9 2 .0 0

1 9 7 .5 0

1 6 1 . 5 0 - 2 2 3 .0 0

-

*

1

-

3

20

3 9 .5

1 8 4 .0 0

1 8 2 .5 0

1 5 9 . 5 0 - 2 1 * . 0 0

*

*

—

*

1

5 4

3 9 .5

1 4 7 .0 0

1 4 1 .0 0

1 1 7 . 5 0 - 1 7 8 . 0 0

•

-

4

11

18

4 0 .0

1 6 7 .5 0

1 7 8 .0 0

1 4 8 . 0 0 - 1 8 1 .5 0

-

-

-

3

-

4

8

3 9 .0

1 3 6 .5 0

1 3 1 .0 0

1 1 2 . 0 0 - 1 5 0 . 0 0

3 9 .0

1 1 9 .0 0

1 1 4 .5 0

1 0 7 . 0 0 - 1 2 6 .0 0

3 9 .5

1 2 7 .5 0

1 2 4 .5 0

1 1 3 . 0 0 - 1 4 3 . 0 0

4 2

3 8 .5

1 1 0 .5 0

1 1 2 .0 0

1 0 6 . 0 C - 1 1 6 .0 0

-

2
-

-

2

1

12

10

7

2
1
1

5

3

-

5

5

4

5

7

.

5

3

5

4

-

1

4
-

5

3

2

*

1

“

3

-

4

4

4

4

7

8

2
2

2

5

6
6

5

J

2
2
*

2

5

2

1

1
1

6
1

1
1

3

17
7

10

3

-

3

3

-

-

3

3

3

4

2
2

2
2

2

8

1

-

7

3

2

1

5

*

-

-

8
8

4
4

1
1

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

4

•

1

4
1

-

3

7

1

8
1

1

2

5

16

-

-

6

3

2

21

*

1
1

1
1

2

1
1

3

.

1

3

17

.

”

3

7

-

-

•

-

5

1

1
1

-

2
2

4

9

•

4

-

-

4

.

2

1
1

3 7

20

-

2

6

33

•

-

4

2
1

19

*

-

2

4

2 3

T

-

10

13

15

*

-

-

14

14

12

-

-

2

16

3

44

*

-

2

30

-

3 8

3
-

1

5

-

9 5 . 5 0 - 1 4 8 . 0 0

•

5

1 4

1 2 1 . 0 0 - 1 7 6 . 5 0

86
44

1
1

5

3

22
11
11

36

9 7 . 5 0 - 1 5 9 . 0 0

1 4 5 .5 0
1 1 5 .0 0

•

-

4

2

5

1 2 4 .0 0

-

•

*

1

2

1 3 4 .5 0

*

•

1
1

•

*

5

3

1 5 5 .0 0

*

•

•

1
1

2

7

3 9 .0

*

•

•

▼

4

1
1

8

3 9 . 5

-

2
2

1

6

5

4

2 9 6

3 6

3

6

12
6
4

2

88
20B

38

10
6

18

-

8
8

-

See footnotes at end of tables.




4

3

4 1

112

1
2

3

2

1 0 9 . 5 0 - 1 4 2 . 5 0

-

12

4

3

•-

-

16

5

-

-

-

1

-

3

1 0 7 . 0 0 - 1 7 0 . 5 0

•

7

•
-

5

1 2 4 .5 0

•

2

2

1 3 9 .0 0

-

2

1

3 9 . 5

-

5

2

2 5

-

-

5

2

-

2

-

3

3

1 3 1 . 0 0 - 1 8 7 . 0 0

2

5

1
2

3

1 5 5 .5 0

-

-

-

*

1 6 0 .0 0

2

-

-

6
6

-

2

-

"

4

-

2

-

.

6

W

2

-

-

6

-

-

2
2

5

4

-

2

-

3

*

3 9 . 5

2
2

•
•

-

2

-

-

22

5

2

3

*

1 5 2 . 0 0 - 1 8 4 . 5 0

A -------------------------

4

3
-

-

1 7 3 .0 0

-

13

10
2
8

-

1 7 0 .5 0

1 1 0 . 0 0 - 1 4 2 . 5 0

1 4

2
12

2

1 7 6 .5 0

1 2 8 .0 0

1

_

1 7 0 .5 0

1 3 1 .0 0

16

15

•

3 9 .0

1 3 3 .5 0

3

-

3 9

1 3 5 .5 0

13

10

11
6

3 9 .0

3 9 .5

-

-

4 0 .0

3 9 .5

-

•

4 7

------------------------------

1

-

4 1

B -------------------

-

1
1

•

1 5 2 . 5 0 - 1 9 2 . 5 0

1 3 8 .0 0

2
1

1
1

-

1 3 7 . 0 0 - 1 9 5 . 0 0

1 4 6 .5 0

S E N I O R -----------------g -------------------------

CLASS

-

•

2 9

n o n m a n u f

110

68

4 5

ACCOUNTING

-

100

1 6 5

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSM A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------- -— ----- ---N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------CLERKS

90

S

S

WORKERS

S E C R E T A R I E S -------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------no n m a n u f a c t u r i n g
---------------------

STENOGRAPHERS.

S

$

3

3

3

-

1

•

5

-

2

2

12

8

8
2
6

-

*

•
*

14

10

.
*

-

T

•
*

*

-

•

•

-

-

-

-

•

-

•

•

•

-

•

*

•
•

•

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Green Bay, Wis., July 1976
W eek ly earnings
(standard)

O c c u p a t i o n a n d i n d u s t r y division

Number
of
w ork en

*
S

A v era g e
w eek ly
Ho u r 1
(standard]

M edian

*

M id d le ranged

$

$

*

s

s

*

$

i

$

$

$

%

*

S

%

$

S

140

145

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

24o

250

260

270

280

290

300

310

320

145

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

24u

250

260

270

280

290

300

310

320

330

2

2

8

10

1

135
M ean i

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s re ceiving straig ht -t im e w e e kly e a rn in gs of-

%

$

S

1

and
under
140

ALL WORKERS
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS),
CLASS B ------------------------------

$

$
53

3 8 ,5

2 4 0 ,0 0

2 3 3 .5 0

$

2 1 8 .5 0 -2 6 8 .0 0

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

1 6 0 .0 0 -1 9 5 .0 0

MANUrAvI UKINb "
UK Hi 1wK

H

manufacturing

U K A r 1tKb|

--------- ---- ---- —

65
61

2 3 2 .5 0 4 0 ,5

2 4 5 ,0 0

2 4 4 .5 0

2 6 1 .3 0

2 3 2 .5 0 -

2 6 0 .0 0

1

-

1

1

-

4

1
1

S e e footnotes at e n d of tables.

4

4

8

14

9

10

1

-

2

1

-

-

1

6

13

8

1

13

1
1 9 2 .0 0 -2 1 0 .5 0

1

-

1

1

Aj j P




b

8

1

n

8

j

1

-

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex.
in Green Bay, Wis., July 1976
A verage
(m ea n 2 )

A vera ge
(m e a n 2 )

Sex,

3

occupation, a n d in dustry division

OFFICE
ACCOUNTING

OCCUPATIONS
CLERKS.

-

CLASS

Number
of
woikers

W eek ly
heurs '
(standard)

W eek ly
earnings 1
(standard)

Sex, 3 occupation, a n d in dustry division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
WOMEN— CONTINUED

MEN
A

-----------------------

56
17

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

Number
of
workers

W eek ly
hours 1
(standard)

Average
(m ea n 2 )

W eek ly
earnings1
(standard)

-

Sex, 3 occupation, a n d industry division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
WOMEN— CONTINUED

2 5 7 .0 0

Number
of
workers

W eekly
hour* 1
(standard)

W eek ly
earnings 1
(standard)

-

$

$

2 3 0 .5 0

1 4 7 .0 0
4 0 .0

ACCOUNTING

CLERKS.

17

CLASS

4 0 .0

36

1 9 0 .0 0
47

1 6 7 .5 0

3 9 .0

13 6.50

1 7 6.50
U 9 .Q 0
1 2 8.00

.r r
-

WOMEN
FILE

CLERKS,

CLASS

1 6 0 .0 0

R

----------------------------------------

25

3 9 .5

J

SWITCHBOARD
96

3 9 .5

15 2.50

17

3 9 .5

3 9 .5

19 2.00

16

3 9 .5

19 1.50

PROFESSIONAL

AND

TECHNICAL

_ _

1 9 5.50

27

1 3 9 .0 0
,

OPERATOR-RECFPTIONISTS-

1 1 0.50

29

13 3 .5 0

COMPUTER

PROGRAMMERS

(BUSINESS),
2 4 2 .5 0

3 9 .5
1 Mr 1C

^ L « JJ

C

———

-------------

,,,

____ ____

D t-U H t 1 A K 1

Ot

U

1 4 ""

™

13 1.00
1 .-4 .0 0

21 4 .5 0

3 9 .5

1 7 8 .5 0

'"Q

1 9 7.50

19

3 9 .5

m

.
’5 o

26

68

3 9 .5

1 3 6.00

16

See footnotes at end of tables.




2 4 4 .5 0

3 9 .0

76

5

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in Green Bay, Wis., July 1976
Hourly earnings

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s rece iv in g stra ig ht -t im e h o u r l y ea r n i n g s of—

S
O ccu p a tion and

industry

4 .4 0

of

division

workers

Mean 2

M e di a n2

Middle range 2

s--------- 3 ---------- !
i —
4 .6 0
<> . 7 0 4 . 8

4 .5 0

S

S

r

t --------- i --------- 3

S

S

0

4 .9 0

5 .0 0

5 .

10

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 . 60

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6 .4 0

6 .6 0

6 .8 0

7 .0 0

.2 0

7 .4 0

7 .6 0

5 .0 0

5 .1 0

5 . 20

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 . 80

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6.41*

6 .6 0

6 .8 0

7 .0 0

7 .2 0

»4()

7 .6 0

7 .8 0

1--------- 3

3~

--------- "5--------- 1 --------- $

3 ---------- !

3 --------- 3 ------7 .8 0
8 .0 0

and
under
4 .5 0

4 .6 0

4 .7 0

>.80

4 .9 0

8 .0 0

8 .2 0

ALL WORKERS
$

$

106

6 .5 8

6 .6 1

6 .3 7 -

6 .8 8

3

1

-

-

-

1

-

6

-

1

4

5

-

6

8

19

31

-

3

16

2

-

90

$
6 .4 2

6 .6 0

6 .2 8 -

6 .8 8

3

1

-

“

*

1

-

6

-

1

4

5

-

6

8

19

30

-

1

3

2

-

-

-----------------------------------

78

6 .0 4

6 .0 6

5 .2 0 -

6 .7 7

4

-

.

2

-

13

-

3

-

2

15

2

4

2

12

14

4

1

-----------------------------------------------------

77

6 .0 2

5 .9 9

5 .2 0 -

6 .7 7

4

-

-

2

*

13

-

3

-

2

15

2

4

2

12

14

-

-

4

-

-

-

242

6 .4 2

6.60

6 .2 9 -

6 .8 8

-

1

-

6

-

10

2

8

4

26

28

92

•

6 .3 8

6 .6 0

5 .8 3 -

6 .8 8

1

-

6

*

10

2

8

4

26

27

90

-

6
8

•

228

17
8

-

-

2

-

-

2

2

3

2

2

-

2

-

-

2

2

MAINTENANCE e l e c t r i c i a n s ------------------------M ANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------------------m a in t e n a n c e

m a c h in is t s

m a n u f a c t u r in g

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
m a n u f a c t u r in g
m a in t e n a n c e

(M ACH IN ER Y )

-

-----------------------------------------------------

$

-

1

2

32

-

1

2

32

1

-

1
1

-

2

1

-

1

-

•

6

-

-

6

*

5
3

*

m e c h a n ic s

(MOTOR V E H IC L E S ) ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------- -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

-----------------------------------------------

M AINTENANCE P IP E F IT T E R S
m a n u f a c t u r in g

S TA TIO N A R Y EN GINEER S

-----------------------

TENDERS --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------------

b o il e r

128

7 .3 3

7 .8 0

6 .8 4 -

7 .9 0

23

5 .8 7

6 .1 9

5 .2 4 -

6 .2 9

105

7 .6 4

7 .8 3

7 .7 3 -

7 .9 0

-

7 .9 0

98

7 .6 6

7 .8 3

7 .7 3 -

42

6 .5 2

6.60

6.36- 6.86

42

6 .5 2

6 .6 0

6 .3 6 -

40

6 .5 8

6 .3 6

47

6 .0 7

6 .2 5

28

5 .9 2

5 .9 3

5 .7 0 -

6 .6 0

2

-

-

-

-

6 .8 8

-

*

5 .9 5 -

7 .4 9

-

-

-

5 .9 3 -

6 .3 5

•
-

-

-

-

*

-

-

•

-

•

“

*

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

*

.
-

_
-

2
2

-

d

2
2

.

•

-

See footnotes at end of tables.




6

-

“

-

-

*
10

4
4

6
8

4
4

*
b

3
3

-

0
o

-

21

-

c

5
b
-

*

*
2
2

o

-

-

-

12
12

5

-

5

5

-

6

1

•

-

6

1

f
t

15

5

66

5

-

16

*

15

66

5

-

-

-

*
4

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

”

*

16

“

-

-

66

15

3

-

11

*

*

-

*

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Green Bay, Wis., July 1976
Hourly earnings 4

N um ber of w ork ers

%

Mean 2

Median2

2 .5 0

.7 6
.3 0
.7 6
.7 6

-

-

7 .7 6
5 .4 3

-

_

.

•

*

*

*

*

Middle range 2

s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f ----

$
3 .2 0

S
3 .4 0

$
3 .6 0

$
3 .8 0

S
4 .0 0

$
4 .2 0

$
4 .4 0

s
4 .6 0

S
4 .8 0

$
5 .0 0

5 .2 0

$
5 .4 0

$

2 .6 0

S
3 .0 0

5 .8 0

$
6 .2 0

"5--------- %
$
6 .6 0 7 .0 0 7 .4 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

IT
.

2 .4 0

O c c u p a t i o n a n d industry division

receiv in g

$
2 .8 0

e
o

%

2 .4 0

S
2 .5 0

$
2 .3 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .8 0

6 t 2fi

6 .6 0

7 .0 0

-

-

-

-

10
10

-

28
28

2
2

-

i

“

4
4

27
27
-

6
4
2
1

56
56
-

s

and
under
7 .4 0

7 .6 0

ALL WORKERS
$
6
5
7
7

$

$

$

IRUCKDBIYERS --------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------

413
144
269
196

TRUCKORIVERS* MEDIUM TRUCK ----MANUFACTURING---- ------------

78
27

TRUCKORIVERS* HEAVY TRUCK
(TRAILER) ---------------------

234

7 .2 2

7 .7 0

6 .3 0 -

7 .7 6

15

5 .3 3

5 .3 8

4 .7 9 -

5 .8 6

-

-

-

-

-

-

WAREHOUSEMEN ------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------

209
73

6 .6 7

7 .0 0
6 .1 9

5 .9 4 5 .4 2 -

7 .5 6
6 .1 9

.

.

_

•

-

.

*

*

*

ORDER FILLERS -------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------

103
91

5 .0 8
5 .2 9

5 .6 8

4 .7 6 -

5 .6 8

a

-

_

_

-

10

_

-

5 .6 8

4 .7 6 -

5 .6 8

8

63

3 .8 6

3 .4 0

3 .4 0 -

4 .7 6

-

-

-

5

2

1

2

5
4
6
7

5
5
7
7

4
4
5
7

-

5 .3 5
5 .3 5
7 .71
7 .7 1

l
l
-

_

2
-

-

2

-

2

12
10
2

•

-

-

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS

SHIPPING PACKERS

.8 2
.4 1
.5 7
.7 1

6 .7 6
5 .2 9

5 .7 0

7
5
7
7

.7 0
.4 8
.7 6
.7 6

7 .7 6
5 .4 2

6
4
7
7

.3
.1
.7
.7

0
5
0
0

-

5 .4 2 5 .4 2 -

7
6
7
7

MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS ----MANUFACTURING --------------NONMANUFACTURING --- -------PUBLIC UTILITIES ----------

412
362

FORKLIFT OPERATORS ------------MANUFACTURING--- -----------

405
374

5 .3 9
5 .2 9

5 .5 0
5 .5 0

4 .8 7 4 .8 7 -

5 .5 5
5 .5 0

POWER-TRUCK OPERATORS (OTHER
THAN FORKLIFT) ---------------MANUFACTURING ---- ----------

45
45

5 .2 9
5 .2 9

5 .4 3
5 .4 3

5 .2 9 5 .2 9 -

5 .5 5
5 .5 5

502
195

3 .5 8
5 .2 1

2 .6 0

2 .3 0 4 .6 6 -

5 .2 6
5 .6 3

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS MANUFACTURING - ------- ----

50
39

.0
.8
.4
.3

4
5
5
9

.2 8
.1 7
.7 1
.7 1

5 .3 1

.4
.4
.9
.7

7
6
4
1

1
1

*

-

2

-

-

-

*

*

“

-

-

_

*

~

“

*

*

-

-

2

-

-

-

_

_

•
-

30

-

-

3
2
1

15
12
3

6
6
-

15
14

•

-

_

-

_

9
1
8

-

*

199

32

15
1

21

2
2

c

-

4

2

*

“

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

1

.

b

i

”

*

*

6

n
10

1
1

-

-

-

•

i*
18

-

-

-

-

-

13

-

10

-

-

-

28
28
-

12
12
-

46
46
-

30
30
-

4
4

21
21

38
38

-

123
123
-

20
13
7

33
33

9
9

23
23

50
50

18
18

199
199

18

lo
lo

66
66

1

“

*

_

_

_

_

_

_

6

_

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

“

3

11

6

2

6

5

1

4

25
24

2
2

10
10

12
lu

S e e footnotes at e n d of tables.




-

~

_

-

-

“

_

-

i

i

*

-

7
7

7

4
4
12

6

14
14

_

3

10
-

245
-

10

-

-

245
195

.

4b

23
23

-

”

*

1
*

8

4

4

56

4

-

3

?

-

2

2

-

-

20
18

53
38

9

-

3

104

-

-

-

-

47
47

18
18

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
•

-

*

28
28

*

25
25

_

.

-

-

-

31
30

33
33

6
6

2
2

2

-

-

7
7
-

-

-

-

-

157

32
32
32
13

*

*

-

-




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom,
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers,
by sex, in Green Bay, Wis., July 1976
Sex, 3 occupation, a n d industry division

N um be r
of
workers

A ve ra g e
( m e anz )
h o u rly
e a rning s4

Sex, 3 occupation, a n d in du st ry division

MAINTENANCE. TOOLROOM, AND
POWERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - MEN
E L E C T R I C I A N S -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------- -----

106
90

M A I N T E N A N C E M A C H I N I S T S ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

78
77

6.04
6.02

MA I N T E N A N C E M E C H AN IC S (MACHINERY) M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

242
228

6.42
6.38

TRUCKDRIVERS

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
( M O T O R V E H I C L E S ) ------------ ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------- ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

128
23
105
98

7.33
5.87
7.64
7.66

---------------------------------------

42
42

6.52
6.52

-------------------

40

6.58

B O I L E R T E N D E R S --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

47
28

6.07
5.92

pi p e f i t t e r s

- CONTINUED

T R U C K D R I V E R S . M E D I U M T R U C K ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------------------

76
27

$
6.76
5.29

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY TRUCK
( T R A I L E R ) -------------------------------

234

7.22

SHIPPING

ma i n t e n a n c e

A ve ra ge
(m e a n ^)
h o u rly
earnings 4

MATE RI AL MOVE ME NT AND CUST OD IA L
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED
$
6.58
6.42

ma i n t e n a n c e

N um be r
of
workers

AND

RECEIVING

CLERKS

------

15

5.33

W A R E H O U S E M E N -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------- ---------------------------

205
73

6.65
5.70

O R D E R F I L L E R S ------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------------------

89
87

5.42
5.43

ENGINEERS

-------- ------------------------------------------

42

4.20

M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G L A B O R E R S ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S — --------------------------------

402
356
46
39

5.06
4.84
6.73
7.39

FORKLIFT

MANUFACTURING
STATIONARY

----------------------------------------------------

405
374

5.39
5.29

PO WE R- TR UC K OP ER A T O R S (OTHER
T H A N F O R K L I F T ) ------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------------------

45
45

5.29
5.29

JANITORS. PORTERS, AND CLEANERS:
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

181

5.26

SHIPPING

PACKERS

OPERATORS

m a n u f a c t u r i n g

MA TE RI AL MO VEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
O C CU PA TI ON S - MEN

TRUCKDRIVERS
ma
n o

-----------------------n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------

413
144
269
196

6.82
5.41
7.57
7.71

S e e footnotes at e n d of tables.

8

----------------------------------------------

Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts,
in Green Bay, Wis., for selected periods
Industry and o c c u p a tio n a l grou p
(m en and w o m e n c o m b in e d )

J u ly 1972
to
J u ly 1973

J u ly 1973
to
J u ly 1974

J u ly 1974
to
J u ly 197 5

J u ly 1975
to
J u ly 1976

A ll in d u s t r ie s :
___________ _______
_
_____
O ffic e c l e r i c a l . ,
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g ..
. . ____ .
_ . __
In d u stria l n u r s e s ______ ________ ______ ____ _____ ____
S killed m ain ten an ce t r a d e s * * * *
_
_ _ _____
U nskilled plant w o r k e r s * * * * ______________ ___. . .

6.8
**
***
9.7
6.6

* 7 .9
***
***
7.1
* 1 0 .6

10.0

9.6
9.2

8.8
***
***
8.5
8.2

M a n u fa ctu rin g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l _______________________________________
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s i n g ___________________ ____
In d u strial n u r s e s ________________________ ____________
S k illed m ain ten an ce tr a d e s * * * * ___ ___ _ _ _
U n sk illed plant w o r k e r s * * * * __________________ _____

5.8
**
***
10.5
6.8

7.8
***
***
* 7 .5
* 1 1 .4

11.5
***
***
9.3
8.5

***
***
8.2
8.4

N onm an u factu rin g:
O ffic e c l e r i c a l . . . _____________________________________
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s i n g _________________________
In d u stria l n u r s e s ______ ___ ________________________
S killed m ain ten an ce tr a d e s * * * * _ _ _ ------- --------U n skilled plant w o r k e r s * * * * _________________ ____

***
**
***
***
5.3

***
***

***
***

sjc aje sje

* s je *

***

***

***
***
***
***
***

*
R e v is e d e s tim a te .
**
D ata not a v a ila b le .
***
D ata do not m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r i a .
* * * * P e r c e n t in c r e a s e s f o r p e r io d s ending p r io r to 1976 r e la te to m e n o n ly.

Footnotes
Standard h ou rs r e fle c t the w o rk w eek fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th eir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t-t im e s a la r ie s (exclusive o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m rates), a n d the e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d
to th ese w eek ly h ou rs.
r
2
The m ean is com p u ted fo r each jo b by tota lin g the e a rn in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s a n d dividing by the n u m b e r of w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d i a n d e si gn at es position— half of the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d re ce iv e m o r e
a n d h alf r e c e iv e le s s than the rate show n.
The m id d le ran ge is d efin ed by 2 r a te s of pay; a fourth of the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s t h an the l o w e r of th e s e rates a n d a fourth e a r n m o r e t h an the hi gh er rate.
E a rn in gs data r e la te on ly to w o r k e r s w h ose se x id e n tific a tio n w as p r o v id e d by the e s ta b lis h m e n t.
8
4 E x clu d es p r em iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w ork on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and late s h ifts .




9




Appendix A
A r e a w age and re la te d b e n e fits data a re obtain ed by p e r s o n a l v is it s
o f B u reau fie ld r e p r e s e n ta tiv e s at 3 -y e a r in te r v a ls . 1 In ea ch o f the in t e r ­
v en in g y e a r s , in fo rm a tio n on em p loy m en t and occu p a tion a l ea rn in g s is c o l ­
le c te d by a com b in a tion o f p e r s o n a l v is it , m a il q u e stio n n a ir e , and teleph on e
in te rv ie w fr o m e sta b lis h m e n ts p a rticip a tin g in the p r e v io u s su rv e y .

d e s c r ib e d , o r fo r so m e in d u stry d iv is io n s w ithin the sc o p e o f the su r v e y , are
not p r e se n te d in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s , b e c a u s e e ith er (1) em p loym en t in the
o c cu p a tio n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it p resen ta tion , o r
(2) th e re is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l esta b lish m en t data.
Sepa­
rate m e n 's and w o m e n 's ea rn in g s data a r e not p r e se n te d when the n um ber o f
w o r k e r s not id e n tifie d by se x is 20 p e r c e n t o r m o r e o f the m en o r w om en
id e n tifie d in an o c cu p a tio n .
E a rn in gs data not shown se p a ra te ly fo r in du stry
d iv is io n s a r e in clu d ed in data fo r all in d u strie s com b in ed .
L ik e w is e ,
data a r e in clu d ed in the o v e r a ll c la s s ific a t io n when a s u b c la s s ific a tio n o f
e le c t r o n ic s te c h n ic ia n s , s e c r e t a r ie s , o r t r u c k d r iv e r s is not shown o r in fo r ­
m a tion to s u b c la s s ify is not a v a ila b le .

In ea ch o f the 84 2 a r e a s c u r r e n tly s u rv e y e d , data a re obtain ed fr o m
r e p re s e n ta tiv e e sta b lish m e n ts w ithin s ix b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s : M an u fa c­
tu rin g ; tr a n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and oth er p u b lic u tilitie s ; w h o le sa le
tr a d e ; r e ta il tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s .
M a jor
in d u stry g rou p s ex clu d e d fr o m th ese stu d ies a re g overn m en t o p e r a tio n s and
the con s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s .
E s ta b lish m en ts having fe w e r than
a p r e s c r ib e d n um ber o f w o r k e r s are om itted b e c a u se o f in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y ­
m ent in the o ccu p a tio n s studied. Sep arate tabu la tion s a r e p r o v id e d f o r each
o f the b roa d in d u stry d iv is io n s w hich m e e t p u b lica tion c r it e r ia .

O ccu p a tion a l em p loy m en t and ea rn in g s data a r e shown fo r fu ll-tim e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o se h ire d to w ork a re g u la r w eek ly sch ed u le. E a rn in gs data
e x clu d e p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w ork on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s, and
late sh ifts. N on produ ction b on u ses a r e e x clu d e d , but c o s t - o f - li v i n g a llow a n ces
and in ce n tiv e b on u ses a r e in clu d e d .
W eekly h ou rs fo r o ffic e c l e r i c a l and
p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l occu p a tio n s r e fe r to the standard w ork w eek
(rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf hour) fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e re g u la r
s t r a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r o v e r tim e at re g u la r a n d /o r
p r e m iu m r a t e s ). A v e ra g e w eek ly ea rn in g s fo r th ese o ccu p a tion s are rounded
to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

T h e se s u rv e y s are con d u cted on a sa m p le b a s is .
The sam plin g
p r o c e d u r e s in v olv e d eta iled stra tifica tio n o f a ll esta b lis h m e n ts w ithin the
s c o p e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a su rv e y by in d u stry and n u m ber o f e m p lo y e e s .
F r o m th is stra tifie d u n iv e r se a p r o b a b ility sa m ple is s e le c t e d , w ith each
esta b lish m en t having a p r e d e te r m in e d ch a n ce o f s e le c t io n . T o obtain optim u m
a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a te r p r o p o r tio n o f la rg e than s m a ll e s ta b ­
lish m en ts i s s e le c t e d .
When data a r e co m b in e d , ea ch e sta b lish m en t is
w eigh ted a c c o r d in g to its p r o b a b ility o f s e le c t io n , so that u nbiased e s tim a te s
a re g e n e ra te d .
F o r e x a m p le , i f one out o f fou r e sta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c t e d ,
it is given a w eight o f fou r to r e p r e s e n t it s e lf plu s th r e e o th e r s . An altern a te
o f the sa m e o r ig in a l p ro b a b ility is ch osen in the sa m e in d u s t r y -s iz e c l a s s i ­
fic a tio n i f data a re not a v a ila b le fr o m the o r ig in a l sa m p le m e m b e r . If no
su itab le substitute is a v a ila b le , a d dition a l w eigh t is a s sig n e d to a sa m ple
m e m b e r that is s im ila r to the m is s in g unit.

T h e s e su r v e y s m e a s u r e the le v e l o f occu p a tio n a l earn in g s in an a rea
at a p a r tic u la r tim e . C o m p a r is o n s o f in d iv id u al o c cu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
tim e m a y not r e fle c t e x p e cte d w age c h a n g e s. The a v e r a g e s fo r in d iv id u al jo b s
a r e a ffe c te d by ch a n g es in w a g es and em p loy m en t p a ttern s. F o r ex a m p le ,
p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by h ig h - o r lo w -w a g e fir m s m ay ch a n ge, o r
h ig h -w a g e w o r k e r s m a y ad vance to b e tte r jo b s and be r e p la c e d by new
w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a te s .
Such sh ifts in em p loym en t co u ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u ­
p a tion a l a v e r a g e ev en though m o s t esta b lis h m e n ts in an a re a in c r e a s e w ages
d u rin g the y e a r .
C h an ges in ea rn in g s o f o c cu p a tio n a l g ro u p s , shown in table
A - 7 , a re b e tte r in d ic a t o r s o f w age tr e n d s than are ea rn in g s ch a n g es fo r
in d iv id u a l jo b s w ithin the g ro u p s .

O ccu p a tion s and ea rn in g s
O ccu p a tion s s e le c te d fo r study a re c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty o f m a n u fa c­
tu rin g and n onm an ufacturin g in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f the fo llo w in g ty p e s :
(1) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (3) m a in ten a n ce, t o o lr o o m ,
and p ow erp la n t; and (4) m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t and c u s to d ia l.
O ccu p a tion a l
c la s s ific a t io n is b a se d on a u n iform set o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d e s ig n e d to take
a ccou n t o f in te r e sta b lish m e n t v a r ia tio n in du ties w ithin the sa m e jo b .
O ccu ­
pation s s e le c t e d f o r study a re lis te d and d e s c r ib e d in appendix B. U n less
o th e r w is e in d ica ted ,, the ea rn in g s data fo llo w in g the jo b tit le s are fo r a ll
in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d .
E a rn in gs data fo r so m e o f the o ccu p a tio n s lis te d and

A v e r a g e ea rn in g s r e fle c t c o m p o s it e , a rea w id e e s tim a te s . In d u stries
and e sta b lis h m e n ts d iffe r in pay le v e l and jo b staffin g , and thus con trib u te
d iffe r e n tly to the e s tim a te s fo r ea ch jo b .
P a y a v e r a g e s m ay fa il to r e fle c t
a c c u r a t e ly the w age d iffe r e n t ia l am ong jo b s in in dividu al esta b lis h m e n ts.

1 Personal visits were on a 2-year cy cle before July 1972.
2 Included in the 84 areas are 14 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are
Akron, Ohio; Austin, T ex .; Binghamton, N .Y .— a .; Birmingham, A la .j Fort Lauderdale—
P
Hollywood and West
Palm Beach—
Boca Raton, F la.; Lexington—
Fayette, K y .; Mel bourne-Titusville—Cocoa, Fla.; Norfolk—
Virginia
Beach—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va. — C .; Poughkeepsie—
N.
Kingston—
Newburgh, N .Y .; Raleigh—
Durham, N .C .; Stamford, Conn.; Syracuse, N .Y .; Utica—
Rome, N .Y .; and Westchester County, N .Y .
In
addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 100 areas at the request o f the
Employment Standards Administration of the U .S. Department o f Labor.




1
1

A v e r a g e pay le v e ls f o r m en and w om en in s e le c t e d occu p a tion s should
n ot be a s su m e d to r e fle c t d iffe r e n c e s in pay o f the s e x e s w ithin in dividu al
e sta b lis h m e n ts .
F a c t o r s w h ich m a y con trib u te to d iffe r e n c e s in clu de p r o ­
g r e s s io n w ithin e sta b lis h e d rate ra n g e s (on ly the r a te s paid in cu m b en ts are
c o lle c t e d ) and p e r fo r m a n c e o f s p e c ific d u ties w ithin the g e n e r a l su rv ey jo b
d e s c r ip t io n s . Job d e s c r ip t io n s u sed to c la s s ify e m p lo y e e s in th ese s u rv e y s
u su a lly a r e m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th o se u sed in in div idu al e sta b lish m en ts
and a llo w fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong e sta b lis h m e n ts in s p e c ific du ties
p e r fo r m e d .

O ccu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a ll e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts w ithin the s c o p e o f the study and not the n um ber a ctu a lly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e s am on g e sta b lis h m e n ts d iffe r , e s tim a te s o f
o c cu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t obtain ed fr o m the sa m p le o f e sta b lis h m e n ts studied
s e r v e on ly to in d ica te the r e la tiv e im p o rta n ce o f the jo b s studied.
T h ese
d iffe r e n c e s in o c cu p a tio n a l stru c tu re do not a ffe c t m a te r ia lly the a c c u r a c y o f
the e a rn in g s data.

W age tr e n d s fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l g rou p s

The p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s p r e se n te d in ta b le A -7 a re b a se d on ch a n g es
in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r e sta b lis h m e n ts r e p o rtin g the tren d jo b s in both
the c u r r e n t and p r e v io u s y e a r (m a tch ed e s ta b lis h m e n ts ).
The data are
a d ju sted to r e m o v e the e ffe c t s on a v e ra g e e a rn in g s o f em p lo y m e n t sh ifts
am ong e sta b lis h m e n ts and tu r n o v e r o f e sta b lis h m e n ts in clu d ed in su r v e y
s a m p le s .
The p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r, a re s t ill a ffe c te d b y fa c t o r s
oth er than w age in c r e a s e s .
H ir in g s , la y o ffs , and tu r n o v e r m a y a ffe c t an
e sta b lis h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an o ccu p a tio n when w o r k e r s are paid u n d er plans
p ro v id in g a ran ge o f w age r a te s fo r in d iv id u a l jo b s .
In p e r io d s o f in c r e a s e d
h irin g , fo r e x a m p le , new e m p lo y e e s en ter at the b ottom o f the ra n g e,
d e p r e s s in g the a v e r a g e w ithout a change in w age r a te s .

E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g
(m en and w o m e n ):

S k illed m a in ten a n ce (m en
and w o m e n ):

C o m p u te r s y s te m s
a n a ly s ts , c la s s e s
A , B , and C
C o m p u te r p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c la s s e s A , B , and C
C o m p u te r o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s e s A , B , and C

C a rp e n te r s
E le c t r ic ia n s
P a in te rs
M a ch in is ts
M e ch a n ic s (m a ch in e ry )
M e ch a n ic s (m o t o r v e h ic le )
P ip e fitte r s
T o o l and die m a k e rs

In d u s tria l n u r s e s (m en and
w o m e n ):
R e g is te r e d in d u s tr ia l
n u rses

U n sk illed plant (m en and
w o m e n ):
J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and
c le a n e r s
M a te r ia l handling la b o r e r s

P e r c e n t ch a n g es fo r in d iv id u a l a r e a s in the p r o g r a m a r e com p u ted
as fo llo w s :

O ccu p a tion s u sed to com p u te w age tr e n d s a r e :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m en and
w om en) :

O ffice c l e r i c a l (m en and
w o m e n )----Continued

S e c r e t a r ie s
S te n o g r a p h e rs , g e n e r a l
S te n o g r a p h e rs , s e n io r
T y p is t s , c la s s e s A and B
F ile c le r k s , c la s s e s A ,
B , and C
Me s s e n g e r s
S w itch b oa rd o p e r a t o r s
O rd e r c le r k s

A cco u n tin g c le r k s ,
c la s s e s A and B
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e
o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B
P a y r o ll c le r k s
K eypu n ch o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s e s A and B
T a b u la tin g -m a ch in e
o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B

E a ch o c cu p a tio n is a s s ig n e d a w eigh t b a se d on its p r o ­
p o rtio n a te e m p lo y m e n t in- the o c cu p a tio n a l g rou p in the
b a se y e a r .

2.
The p e r c e n t ch a n g es re la te to w age ch a n g es betw een the in d ica ted
d a te s .
When the tim e span betw een s u r v e y s is oth e r than 12 m on th s, annual
r a te s a re show n.
(It is a s su m e d that w a g es in c r e a s e at a con sta n t rate
betw een s u r v e y s .)

1.

T h e se w eig h ts a r e u sed to com p u te g rou p a v e r a g e s .
E a ch o c c u p a t io n 's a v e r a g e (m ean) e a rn in g s is m u ltip lie d
b y its w eigh t.
The p r o d u c ts a r e to ta le d to obtain a
g rou p a v e r a g e .

3.

The r a tio o f g rou p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s is
c o m p u te d by d iv id in g the a v e r a g e f o r the c u r re n t y e a r
b y the a v e r a g e fo r the e a r lie r y e a r .
The re su lt—
e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t— le s s 100 is the p e r c e n t ch a n g e.

F o r a m o r e d e ta ile d d e s c r ip t io n o f the m eth od u sed to com p u te th e se
w age tr e n d s , s e e "Im p r o v in g A r e a W age S u rvey In d e x e s , " M onthly L a b o r
R e v ie w , Janu ary 1973, pp. 5 2 -5 7 .
E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w age p r o v is io n s




T a b u la tion s on s e le c t e d e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry
w age p r o v is io n s ( B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) a r e n ot p r e s e n te d in th is b u lletin . I n fo r ­
m a tion f o r th e se ta b u la tion s is c o lle c t e d at 3 -y e a r in te r v a ls . 1 T h e s e ta bu ­
la tion s on m in im u m e n tra n ce s a la r ie s f o r in e x p e r ie n c e d o ffic e w o r k e r s ; sh ift
d iffe r e n t ia ls ; sch e d u le d w e e k ly h ou rs and d a y s ; paid h o lid a y s ; pa id v a c a tio n s ;
and health, in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n plans a r e p r e s e n te d (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s )
in p r e v io u s b u lle tin s fo r th is a r e a .
1 Personal visits w e r e o n a 2 - y e a r cycle before July 1972.

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
in Green Bay, Wis., ‘ July 1976
In du stry d iv is io n 2

ALL

M in im um
e m p loym en t
in e s t a b lis h m ents in s c o p e
o f study

( D I V I S I O N S ---------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------T R AN SP OR TA TI ON , CO MM UN I C A T I O N , AND
O T H E R P U R L I C U T I L I T I E S 5 -------------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E 6 -------------------------------------re ta il
t r a d e 6 -----------------------------------------F I N A N C E , I N S U R A N C E , A N D R E A L E S T A T E 6 --------S E R V I C E S 6 7------------------------------------------------

n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts

N um ber o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

W ithin s c o p e of study 4
W ithin s c o p e
o f study 3

148

Studied

Studied
N um ber

73

P ercen t

28,337

100

20,224
11,772
8,452
3,070
588
3,520
416
858

50

-

61
87

34
39

16,671
11,666

59
41

50
50
50
50
50

19
13
36
5
14

12
4
12
4
7

3,456
1,128
5,250
473
1,359

12
4
19
2
5

1 T h e G r e e n B a y S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n Statistical A r e a , as defined b y the Office of M a n a g e m e n t a n d B u d g e t t h r o u g h F e b r u a r y 1974,
consists of B r o w n Co unty.
T h e " w o r k e r s within s c o p e of st ud y" e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in this table p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e desc ri pt io n of the
size a n d c o m p o s i t i o n of the la b o r fo rce in cl ud ed in
the s u r v ey .
E s t i m a t e s a r e not intended, h o w e v e r , for c o m p a r i s o n w i th ot her e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s to m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r levels since (1) pl anning of w a g e
s u r v e y s re q u i r e s e s t a b l i s h m e n t da ta c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e of the p a yr ol l p e r i o d studied, a n d (2) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m the s c o p e of the survey.
3 T h e 19 67 edition of the S t a n d a r d Industrial Classification M a n u a l w a s u s e d in classifying e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y division.
3 Includes all e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i th total e m p l o y m e n t at o r a b o v e the m i n i m u m limitation.
All outlets (within the ar ea ) of c o m p a n i e s in industries s u c h as trade,
finance, auto r e pa ir service, a n d m o t i o n picture theaters a r e c o n s i d e r e d as 1 e s t a b l is hm en t.
4 Includes all w o r k e r s in all e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i th total e m p l o y m e n t (within the ar ea ) at o r a b o v e the m i n i m u m limitation.
5 A b b r e v i a t e d to "public utilities" in the A - s e r i e s tables. T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s incidental to w a t e r transp or ta ti on a r e ex cl u d e d . T h e G r e e n B a y transit s y s t e m
ism u n i c i p a l l y o w n e d a n d o p e r a t e d a n d is e x c l u d e d b y definition f r o m the
s c o p e of the s u r v ey .
6 T h i s division is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s for "all industries" a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in the A - s e r i e s tables. S e p a r a t e pr es en t a t i o n
of da ta is no t m a d e for one
o r m o r e of the following r e a s o n s :
(1) E m p l o y m e n t is too s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h da ta to m e r i t s e p a r a t e study, (2) the s a m p l e w a s no t d e s i g n e d initially to p e r m i t
s e p a r a t e presentation, (3) r e s p o n s e w a s insufficient o r in ad eq ua te to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e presentation, a n d (4) t h er e is possibility of di s c l o s u r e of individual e s t a b l i s h m e n t data.
7 Ho t e l s a n d m o t e l s ; laun dr ie s a n d ot he r p e r s o n a l services; b u s i n e s s services; a u t o m o b i l e repair, rental, a n d pa rk in g: m o t i o n pictures; nonprofit m e m b e r s h i p
or ga nizations (excluding religious a n d charitable organizations); a n d e n g i n e e r i n g a n d architectural se rv ices.




13

Appendix B.

Occupational Descriptions

The p r im a r y p u rp o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r ip t io n s fo r the B u r e a u 's w age s u r v e y s is to a s s is t
its fie ld s ta ff in c la s s ify in g into a p p ro p ria te o c cu p a tio n s w o r k e r s who a re e m p lo y e d u nder a v a r ie ty o f
p a y r o ll t itle s and d iffe r e n t w ork a rra n g e m e n ts fr o m esta b lis h m e n t to esta b lis h m e n t and fr o m a re a to
area.
T h is p e r m its the grou p in g o f o c cu p a tio n a l w age ra te s r e p re s e n tin g c o m p a r a b le jo b con ten t.
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a sis on in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t and in te r a r e a c o m p a r a b ility o f o c cu p a tio n a l con ten t, the
B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r ip t io n s m a y d iffe r sig n ific a n tly fr o m th o se in u se in in d iv id u a l e sta b lis h m e n ts o r th ose
p r e p a r e d fo r oth er p u r p o s e s . In applying th ese jo b d e s c r ip t io n s , the B u r e a u 's fie ld e c o n o m is t s a re
in s tr u c te d to e x clu d e w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p r e n tic e s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; tr a in e e s ; and h a n d ica p p ed ,
p a r t -t im e , te m p o r a r y , and p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
SECRETARY

S E C R E T A R Y— C ontinued

A s s ig n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to one in d iv id u a l. M ain ­
ta in s a c lo s e and h igh ly r e s p o n s iv e re la tio n s h ip to the d a y -t o -d a y w o rk o f the
s u p e r v is o r .
W ork s fa ir ly in d ep en d en tly r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d eta iled
s u p e r v is io n and g u id a n ce .
P e r fo r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l d u tie s ,
u su a lly in clu d in g m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :

M ay a ls o p e r fo r m oth er c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l ta sk s o f c o m p a r a b le
n atu re and d iffic u lty .
The w ork t y p ic a lly r e q u ir e s k n ow led ge o f o ffic e rou tin e
and u n derstan din g o f the o r g a n iz a tio n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e la te d to
the w o rk o f the s u p e r v is o r .
E x clu s io n s

a. R e c e iv e s telep h on e c a lls , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and in co m in g m a il,
a n sw e rs rou tin e in q u ir ie s , and ro u te s t e c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s to the p r o p e r
p erson s;
b.
c.
in s tru cte d ;
d.

E s ta b lis h e s ,

m a in ta in s ,

Not a ll p o s itio n s that a re title d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the a b ove c h a r ­
a c t e r is t ic s .
E x a m p le s o f p o s itio n s w h ich a r e e x clu d e d fr o m the d e fin itio n a re
as fo llo w s :

and r e v is e s the s u p e r v is o r 's f ile s ;
a. P o s itio n s
d e s c r ib e d a b ov e;

M ain tain s the s u p e r v i s o r 's ca le n d a r and m a k es a p poin tm en ts as
R e la y s m e s s a g e s fr o m

b.

s u p e r v is o r to su b o rd in a te s;

e. R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o ra n d u m s , and r e p o r ts p r e p a r e d by
o th e r s f o r the s u p e r v i s o r 's sign a tu re to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and ty p o g ra p h ic
accu racy;
f.

P e r fo r m s ste n o g ra p h ic and typin g w o rk .




s io n a l,

w h ich

do

not m e e t the " p e r s o n a l" s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t

S te n o g ra p h e rs not fu lly tr a in e d in s e c r e t a r ia l-t y p e d u ties;

c . S te n o g ra p h e rs s e r v in g as o ffic e a s s is ta n ts to a grou p o f p r o f e s ­
te c h n ic a l, o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ;

d. S e c r e ta r y p o s itio n s in w h ich the d u ties a r e eith e r su b sta n tia lly
m o r e rou tin e o r su b sta n tia lly m o r e c o m p le x and r e s p o n s ib le than th o se c h a r ­
a c t e r iz e d in the d e fin itio n ;

B egin ning w ith ca le n d a r y e a r 1976 s u r v e y s , the B u reau has g rou p ed o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied in its
a r e a w age s u r v e y s in to jo b fa m ilie s in o r d e r to p r e s e n t in fo rm a tio n on r e la te d o c c u p a tio n s in s e q u e n c e .
Job fa m ilie s have not been title d , h o w e v e r , s in c e doin g so m igh t have added e x tr a n e o u s e le m e n ts to the
jo b m a tch in g p r o c e s s .
The B u rea u has a ls o r e v is e d s e v e r a l o c c u p a tio n a l t it le s .
w o r d o r d e r and a r e m o r e d e s c r ip t iv e o f the s u r v e y jo b s .

14

The tit le s m o r e n e a r ly r e f le c t u su al

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

C la s s C

E x c lu s io n s— C o n tin u ed
e.
A s s i s t a n t -t y p e p o s it io n s w h ich
r e s p o n s ib le te c h n ic a l, a d m in i s t r a t iv e , s u p e r v i s o r y ,
d u tie s w h ich a r e not t y p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .

in v o lv e m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e
1. S e c r e ta r y to an e x e cu tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n w h ose r e s p o n ­
o r S D e c ia liz e d c l e r i c a l
s ib ility is not equ ivalen t to one o f the s p e c ific le v e l situ ation s in the defin ition

N O T E : The te r m "c o r p o r a te o f f i c e r , 1 u sed in the le v e l d e fin ition s
1
fo llo w in g , r e fe r s to th ose o ffic ia ls who have a sig n ifica n t c o r p o r a te w id e
p o licy m a k in g r o le with r e g a rd to m a jo r com p a n y a c tiv it ie s .
The title "v ic e
p r e s id e n t, " though n o r m a lly in d ica tiv e o f th is r o le , d oes not in a ll c a s e s
id en tify such p o s itio n s .
V ice p r e sid e n ts w h ose p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ility is to
a ct p e r s o n a lly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r tr a n s a ctio n s ( e .g ., a p p rov e o r deny
in d iv id u al loan o r c r e d it a c tio n s ; a d m in iste r in d iv id u al tru st a c c o u n ts ; d ir e c t ly
su p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l staff) a re not c o n s id e r e d to be "c o r p o r a te o f f i c e r s " fo r
p u rp o s e s o f applying- the follow in g le v e l d e fin it io n s .

C la s s A
1. S e c r e ta r y to the ch a irm a n o f the b oa rd o r p r e sid e n t o f a com p a n y
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

f o r c la s s B , but w h ose o r g a n iz a tio n a l unit n o r m a lly n u m b ers at le a st s e v e r a l
d ozen e m p lo y e e s and is u su a lly d iv id ed in to o r g a n iz a tio n a l seg m en ts w hich are
o fte n , in tu rn , fu rth e r su b d ivid ed . In som e c o m p a n ie s , th is le v e l in clu d e s a
w ide ran ge o f o r g a n iz a tio n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o th e r s , on ly one o r tw o; o r
2. S e c r e ta r y to the head o f an in d iv id u al plant, fa c to r y , e tc . (o r
o th e r eq u ivalen t le v e l o f o ffic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0
person s.
C la s s D
(e .g .,

1. S e c r e ta r y to the s u p e r v is o r o r head o f a s m a ll o rg a n iz a tio n a l unit
fe w e r than about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ); cnr

2. S e c r e ta r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s t a f f s p e c ia lis t, p r o fe s s io n a l
e m p lo y e e , a d m in istra tiv e o f f i c e r , o r a s sista n t, sk ille d tech n icia n , o r e x p e rt.
(N O T E : M any c o m p a n ie s a ssig n s t e n o g r a p h e rs , ra th er than s e c r e t a r ie s as
d e s c r ib e d a b o v e , to th is le v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)
STE N O G R A PH E R

2. S e c r e ta r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f ic e r (oth er than the ch a irm a n o f the
b o a rd o r p re sid e n t) o f a com pa n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but fe w e r
than 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; or *
3
2
1
3. S e c r e ta r y to the head, im m e d ia te ly b elow the c o r p o r a t e o f f ic e r
le v e l, o f a m a jo r segm en t o r s u b s id ia r y o f a com pa n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll,
o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss B

P r im a r y duty is to take d icta tio n u sin g sh orth an d, and to t r a n s c r ib e
the d icta tio n .
M ay a ls o type fr o m w ritten c o p y .
M ay op era te fr o m a ste n o ­
g ra p h ic p o o l.
M ay o c c a s io n a lly t r a n s c r ib e fr o m v o ic e r e c o r d in g s (if p r im a r y
duty is t r a n s c r ib in g fr o m r e c o r d in g s , see T r a n s c r ib in g -M a c h in e T y p ist).
N O T E : T h is jo b is d istin g u ish ed fr o m that o f a s e c r e ta r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a lly w o rk s in a c o n fid e n tia l re la tio n s h ip with on ly one m a n a g er
o r e x e cu tiv e and p e r fo r m s m o r e r e s p o n s ib le and d is c r e t io n a r y ta sk s as
d e s c r ib e d in the s e c r e t a r y jo b d efin ition .

1. S e c r e ta r y to the ch a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p re sid e n t o f a com p a n y
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
2. S e c r e ta r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f ic e r (oth er than the ch a irm a n o f the
b o a rd o r p re sid e n t) o f a com pa n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r
than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e ta r y to the head, im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the o ffic e r le v e l, o v e r
e ith e r a m a jo r c orp o ra tio n w id e fu n ction a l a ctiv ity (e .g ., m a rk etin g , r e s e a r c h ,
o p e r a tio n s , in d u stria l r e la tio n s , e tc .) £ r a m a jo r g e o g ra p h ic o r o rg a n iz a tio n a l
seg m en t (e .g ., a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a rte rs ; a m a jo r d iv is io n ) o f a com p a n y that
e m p lo y s , in a ll, over* 5 ,0 0 0 but fe w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p lo y e e s ; o r
4. S e c r e ta r y to the head o f an in div idu al plant, fa c t o r y , e tc . (o r
oth e r equ iv alen t le v e l o f o ffic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
5. S e c r e ta r y to the head o f a la r g e and im portan t o rg a n iz a tio n a l
segm en t (e .g ., a m id d le m a n a gem en t s u p e r v is o r o f an o rg a n iz a tio n a l seg m en t
often in volvin g as m any as s e v e r a l hundred p e r s o n s ) o r a com p a n y that
e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 25, 000 p e r s o n s .




S te n o g ra p h e r, G e n e ra l
k eep

D icta tion in v o lv e s a n o r m a l rou tin e v o c a b u la r y . M ay m ain tain file s ,
s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r fo r m oth dr r e la t iv e ly rou tin e c l e r i c a l ta sk s .
S te n o g ra p h e r, S en ior

D icta tion in v o lv e s a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o ca b u la r y such
as in le g a l b r ie fs o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h .
M ay a ls o set up and
m ain tain f ile s , k eep r e c o r d s , e tc .
OR
P e r fo r m s s te n o g ra p h ic d u ties re q u irin g sig n ific a h tly g r e a te r in d e ­
p en d en ce and r e s p o n s ib ility than s te n o g r a p h e r, g e n e r a l as ev id en ced by the
fo llo w in g :
W ork r e q u ir e s a high d e g r e e o f sten og ra p h ic sp eed and a c c u r a c y ;
a th orough w ork in g k n ow led ge o f g e n e r a l b u sin e s s and o ffic e p r o c e d u r e ; and
o f the s p e c ific b u s in e s s o p e r a t io n s , o r g a n iz a tio n , p o li c ie s , p r o c e d u r e s , f ile s ,
w o rk flo w , e tc .
U ses th is k n ow led ge in p e r fo r m in g sten og ra p h ic du ties and
r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l ta sk s such as m a in tain in g fo llo w u p file s ; a s se m b lin g
m a te r ia l fo r r e p o r t s , m e m o ra n d u m s , and le t t e r s ; c o m p o s in g sim p le le tte r s
fr o m g e n e r a l in s t r u c t io n s ; read in g and rou tin g in co m in g m a il; and an sw erin g
routine q u e s tio n s , e tc .

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E T Y P IST

SW ITC H B O A R D O P E R A T O R

P r i m a r y duty is to t r a n s c r ib e d icta tio n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l ro u tin e
v o c a b u la r y f r o m t r a n s c r ib i n g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w ritte n
c o p y and do s im p le c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r ib i n g d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g
a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such a s le g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r ts
on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h a r e not in c lu d e d .
A w o r k e r who ta k e s d ic ta tio n in
sh orth a n d o r by S ten otyp e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e is c l a s s i f i e d as a s te n o g r a p h e r .

O p e r a te s a te le p h o n e sw itc h b o a r d o r c o n s o le u se d w ith a p r iv a te
b r a n c h e x c h a n g e ( P B X ) s y s t e m to r e l a y in c o m in g , o u tg o in g , and i n t r a s y s t e m
c a lls .
M a y p r o v id e in fo r m a t io n to c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and t r a n s m i t m e s s a g e s ,
k ee p r e c o r d o f c a ll s p la c e d and t o ll c h a r g e s .
B e s id e s o p e r a tin g a te le p h o n e
s w itc h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , m a y a ls o type o r p e r fo r m ro u tin e c l e r i c a l w o rk
(typ in g o r ro u tin e c l e r i c a l w o rk m a y o c c u p y the m a jo r p o r tio n o f the w o r k e r 's
t i m e , and is u s u a lly p e r fo r m e d w h ile at the s w itc h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e ) .
C h ie f
o r lea d o p e r a t o r s in e s t a b li s h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e than one o p e r a t o r are
e x c lu d e d .
F o r an o p e r a to r w ho a ls o a c ts a s a r e c e p t io n is t , se e S w itch b o a rd
O p e r a t o r -R e c e p t io n is t .

T Y P IS T
U s e s a ty p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a t e r i a ls o r to m a k e
out b ills a fte r c a lc u la tio n s have been m a d e by a n o th e r p e r s o n .
M a y in clu d e
ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e r i a ls fo r u se in d u p lic a tin g p r o ­
cesses.
M a y do c l e r i c a l w ork in v o lv in g litt le s p e c ia l tr a in in g ,
su ch as
k ee p in g s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r so r tin g and d is tr ib u tin g
in c o m in g m a i l.
C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the f o llo w in g :
T yp in g m a t e r i a l
in fin a l f o r m w hen it in v o lv e s co m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s ib ilit y fo r c o r r e c t s p e llin g , s y lla b ic a t io n , p u n ctu atio n , e t c ., o f t e c h ­
n ic a l o r u n u su a l w o r d s o r f o r e ig n lan g u ag e m a t e r i a l; o r planning lay ou t and
ty p in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t is t ic a l t a b le s to m a in ta in u n ifo r m ity and b a la n ce in
s p a c in g . M ay type ro u tin e fo r m l e t t e r s , v a r y in g d e t a ils to suit c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C la s s
rough o r c l e a r
o r se ttin g up
a lr e a d y se t up

B.
P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g :
C o p y typing f r o m
d r a f t s ; o r ro u tin e ty p in g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c .;
s im p le sta n d a rd ta b u la t io n s ; o r co p y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s
and s p a c e d p r o p e r ly .
*

F IL E C L E R K
F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r i a l in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g
sy stem .
M a y p e r fo r m c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l ta s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in f i l e s .
P o s it io n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d into le v e l s on the b a s is o f th e fo llo w in g d e fin it io n s .
C la s s A .
C l a s s i f i e s and in d e x e s f ile m a t e r i a l such a s c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n ic a l d o c u m e n t s , e t c ., in an e s t a b lis h e d filin g s y s t e m
co n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a tte r
file s .
M a y a ls o file th is
m a t e r i a l.
M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p e s in c o n ju n ctio n w ith the f i l e s .
M a y lea d a s m a ll g ro u p o f lo w e r le v e l f ile c l e r k s .
C la s s B .
S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c la s s ifie d m a t e r i a l by s im p le
(s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d in g s o r p a r tly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l by fin e r s u b h e a d in g s.
P r e p a r e s s im p le r e la t e d in d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s .
A s r e q u e s te d ,
lo c a t e s c l e a r ly id e n tifie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s
and fo r w a r d s
m a t e r i a l.
M ay
p e r fo r m
r e la te d
c le r ic a l ta sk s
r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v ic e f i l e s .
C la s s C .
P e r f o r m s ro u tin e filin g o f m a t e r i a l that has a lr e a d y been
c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ich is e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s im p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f ic a t io n
sy stem
( e .g .,
a lp h a b e t ic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r n u m e r i c a l) .
As
r e q u e s te d ,
lo c a t e s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l; and m a y
f i l l out w ith d ra w a l c h a r g e .
M a y p e r fo r m s im p le c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l ta s k s
r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v ic e f i l e s .
M ESSENGER
P e r f o r m s v a r io u s ro u tin e d u tie s su ch a s running e r r a n d s , o p e ra tin g
m in o r o ffic e m a c h in e s su ch a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , op ening and d is tr ib u tin g
m a i l , and o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x c lu d e p o s it io n s that r e q u ir e o p e r a tio n
o f a m o t o r v e h ic le a s a s ig n ific a n t d u ty.




S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T I O N I S T
At a
an o p e r a to r —
w o rk in v o lv e s
b u s in e s s and
p r ia te p e r s o n
a r r a n g in g an

s i n g le -p o s i t io n te le p h o n e sw itc h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , a c t s both as
s e e S w itch b o a r d O p e r a to r — and a s a r e c e p t io n is t . R e c e p t io n is t 's
such d u tie s a s g r e e t in g v i s i t o r s ; d e t e r m in in g n atu re o f v i s i t o r 's
p ro v id in g a p p r o p r ia te in f o r m a t io n ; r e f e r r i n g v i s it o r to a p p r o ­
in the o r g a n iz a tio n o r c o n ta c tin g that p e r s o n by te le p h o n e and
a p p o in tm e n t; k e e p in g a lo g o f v i s i t o r s .

ORDER CLER K
R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s fo r m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d is e by m a i l ,
p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a ll y .
D u tie s in v o lv e
any c o m b in a tio n
o f the f o llo w in g :
Q u o tin g p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g out an o r d e r sh e e t lis tin g the i t e m s to
m a k e up th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s and q u a n titie s o f it e m s on o r d e r s h e e t ;
and d is tr ib u tin g o r d e r s h e e t s to r e s p e c t iv e d e p a r tm e n t s to be f i ll e d .
M ay
c h e c k w ith c r e d it d e p a r tm e n t to d e t e r m in e c r e d it ra tin g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w l­
ed g e r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s , fo llo w up o r d e r s to s e e that th e y
have b e e n f i ll e d , k e e p f ile o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , and c h e c k sh ip p in g in v o ic e s
w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .
A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K
P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e a c c o u n tin g c l e r i c a l t a s k s su ch a s p o stin g to
r e g i s t e r s and l e d g e r s ; r e c o n c ilin g bank a c c o u n ts ; v e r ify in g the in tern aJ c o n ­
s i s t e n c y , c o m p le t e n e s s , and m a t h e m a t ic a l a c c u r a c y o f a c co u n tin g d o c u m e n t s ;
a s s ig n in g p r e s c r ib e d a c c o u n tin g d is tr ib u tio n c o d e s ; e x a m in in g and v e r ify in g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a lc u la t io n s , p o s tin g ,
e t c .; o r p r e p a r in g s im p le o r a s s i s t i n g in 'p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p lic a t e d jo u r n a l
vou ch ers.
M a y w o rk in e ith e r a m a n u a l o r a u to m a te d a c co u n tin g s y s t e m .
T h e w o rk r e q u i r e s a k n o w led g e o f c l e r i c a l m e th o d s and o ffic e p r a c ­
t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h ich r e l a t e s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g and r e c o r d in g
o f t r a n s a c t io n s and a c co u n tin g in fo r m a t io n .
W ith e x p e r ie n c e , the w o r k e r
t y p ic a lly b e c o m e s f a m i l i a r w ith the b o o k k e e p in g and a c co u n tin g t e r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s u se d in the a s s i g n e d w o r k , but i s not r e q u ir e d to have a k n ow led ge
o f the f o r m a l p r in c ip le s o f b o o k k e e p in g and a c c o u n tin g .
P o s it io n s
d e fin it io n s .

are

c la s s ifie d

into

le v e ls

on

the

b a s is

o f the fo llo w in g

C la s s A .
U n d er g e n e r a l s u p e r v is i o n , p e r f o r m s a c co u n tin g c l e r i c a l
o p e r a tio n s w hich r e q u ir e the a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m e n t, fo r
e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s i n g c o m p lic a t e d o r n o n r e p e titiv e a c co u n tin g t r a n s ­
a c tio n s , s e le c t in g a m on g a s u b s ta n tia l v a r ie ty o f p r e s c r ib e d a c co u n tin g c o d e s
and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r
tr a c in g tr a n s a c t io n s
th rou g h p r e v io u s a c co u n tin g
a c tio n s to d e t e r m in e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M a y be a s s i s t e d by on e o r
m o r e c l a s s B a c co u n tin g c l e r k s .

AC C O U N TIN G C L E R K — Continued

KEYPUN CH OPERATOR

C la s s B . Under c lo s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d eta iled in stru ctio n s
and sta n d a rd ized p r o c e d u r e s , p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e routine a ccou n tin g c l e r ­
i c a l o p e r a t io n s , such as p ostin g to le d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o rk s h e e ts w h ere
id e n tifica tio n o f ite m s and lo c a tio n s o f p ostin g s a re c le a r ly in d ica te d ; ch eck in g
a c c u r a c y and c o m p le te n e s s o f sta n d a rd ized and re p e titiv e r e c o r d s o r
a ccou n tin g d ocu m en ts; and c o d i n g d ocu m en ts u sin g a few p r e s c r ib e d
a ccou n tin g c o d e s .

O p era tes a keypunch m a ch in e to r e c o r d o r v e r ify alphabetic a n d /o r
n u m e ric data on tabu latin g c a r d s o r on tape.

BO O K K E E PIN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p era tes a book k eep in g m a ch in e (with o r w ithout a ty p e w rite r k e y ­
b oa rd ) to k eep a r e c o r d o f b u sin e s s tr a n s a c tio n s .
C la s s A . K eep s a set o f r e c o r d s re q u irin g a k n ow led ge o f and
e x p e r ie n c e ip b a s ic book k eep in g p r in c ip le s , and fa m ilia r ity w ith the stru ctu re
o f the p a rticu la r accou n tin g sy stem u sed .
D e te r m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d is trib u tio n o f deb it and c r e d it ite m s to be u sed in ea ch ph ase o f the w ork .
M ay p r e p a r e co n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , ba la n ce sh e e ts , and oth er r e c o r d s by hand.
C la ss B . K eep s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e ph ases o r se c tio n s o f a
set o f r e c o r d s u su ally req u irin g little k n ow ledge o f b a s ic b ook k eep in g . P h a ses
o r se c tio n s in clu d e a ccou n ts p a y a b le, p a y r o ll, c u s t o m e r s ' a ccou n ts (not
in clu d in g a sim p le type o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d under m a ch in e b i lle r ) , c o s t d i s ­
trib u tio n , ex p en se d is trib u tio n , in v en tory c o n t r o l, e tc .
M ay ch e c k o r a s s is t
in p re p a ra tio n o f t r ia l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l sh eets fo r the a ccou n tin g
d ep a rtm en t.
M ACHINE B IL L E R
P r e p a r e s statem en ts, b ills , and in v o ic e s on a m a ch in e oth er than an
o r d in a r y o r e le c tr o m a tic ty p e w rite r . M ay a ls o k eep r e c o r d s as to b illin g s
o r shipping c h a rg e s o r p e r fo r m oth er c l e r i c a l w o rk in cid en ta l to b illin g
o p e r a tio n s .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , m a ch in e b i lle r s are c la s s ifie d by type
o f m a ch in e , as fo llo w s :
B illin g -m a c h in e b i l l e r . U ses a s p e c ia l b illin g m a ch in e (com b in a tion
typin g and adding m a ch in e) to p r e p a r e b ills and in v o ic e s fr o m c u s t o m e r s '
p u rch a se q r d e r s , in te rn a lly p re p a re d o r d e r s , shipping m e m o ra n d u m s, e tc .
U sually in v o lv e s a p p lica tion o f p r e d e te r m in e d d is co u n ts and shipping c h a r g e s
and en try o f n e c e s s a r y e x te n sio n s, w hich m a y o r m a y not be com p u ted on
the b illin g m a ch in e, and tota ls w hich are a u tom a tica lly accu m u la ted by
m achine*
The op e ra tio n u su ally in v o lv e s a la rg e num ber o f c a r b o n c o p ie s
o f the b ill bein g p r e p a r e d and is often done on a fan fold m a ch in e .
B o o k k e e p in g -m a ch in e b i l l e r . U ses a bookkeepin g m a ch in e (with o r
w ithout a ty p e w r ite r k ey b oa rd ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b ills as p a rt o f the
a cco u n ts r e c e iv a b le o p e r a tio n . G en era lly in v o lv e s the sim u lta n eou s en try o f
fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . The m a ch in e a u tom a tica lly a ccu m u la tes
fig u r e s on a n u m ber o f v e r t ic a l colu m n s and com p u tes and u su ally p rin ts au to­
m a tic a lly the d eb it o r c r e d it b a la n c e s . D oes n ot in v o lv e a k n ow ledge o f b o o k ­
k eep in g .
W ork s fr o m u n iform and standard ty p es o f sa le s and c r e d it s lip s .
P A Y R O L L 'C L E R K
C om p u tes w ages o f com p a n y e m p lo y e e s and en ters the n e c e s s a r y
data on the p a y r o ll sh eets. D uties in v o lv e : C a lcu la tin g w o r k e r s ' ea rn in g s
b a se d on tim e o r p rod u ction r e c o r d s ; and p ostin g c a lcu la te d data on p a y r o ll
sh eet, show ing in fo rm a tio n such as w o r k e r 's n am e, w ork in g d a y s, tim e , ra te,
d ed u ction s fo r in s u r a n ce , and tota l w ages du e. M ay m ake out p a y ch e ck s and
a s s is t p a y m a ste r in m aking up and d istrib u tin g pay e n v e lo p e s .
M ay u se a
c a lcu la tin g m a ch in e.




P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s .

a re

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e ls

on the

b a sis o f the fo llo w in g

C la s s A . W ork r e q u ir e s the a p p lica tion o f e x p e r ie n c e and judgm ent
in s e le c tin g p r o c e d u r e s to be fo llo w e d and in se a rch in g fo r , in te rp re tin g ,
s e le c t in g , o r cod in g ite m s to be keypun ch ed fr o m a v a r ie ty o f s o u r c e d o c u ­
m e n ts .
On o c c a s io n m a y a ls o p e r fo r m som e rou tin e keypunch w o rk .
May
tr a in in e x p e r ie n c e d keypunch o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B . W ork is rou tin e and r e p e titiv e .
U nder c lo s e su p e rv isio n
o r fo llo w in g s p e c ific p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t io n s , w o rk s fr o m v a r io u s stan­
d a rd iz e d s o u r c e d ocu m en ts w h ich have been c o d e d , and fo llo w s s p e c ifie d
p r o c e d u r e s w h ich have been p r e s c r ib e d in d e ta il and re q u ire little o r no
s e le c t in g , c o d in g , o r in te rp re tin g o f data to be r e c o r d e d . R e fe r s to s u p e r v is o r
p r o b le m s a r is in g fr o m e r r o n e o u s ite m s o r c o d e s o r m is s in g in fo rm a tio n .

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p era tes one o r a v a r ie ty o f m a ch in e s such as the ta b u la tor, c a lc u ­
la to r , c o lla t o r , in t e r p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p ro d u c in g punch, e tc . E x clu d ed fr o m
th is ‘ d efin ition a r e w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s .
A ls o ex clu d ed are o p e r a t o r s o f
e le c t r o n ic d ig ita l c o m p u te r s , even though they m a y a lso op era te e le c t r ic
a ccou n tin g m a ch in e equ ipm ent.
P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s .

a re

c la s s ifie d

into

le v e ls

on the

b a sis o f the fo llo w in g

C la s s A . P e r fo r m s c o m p le te r e p o rtin g and tabulating a ssig n m en ts
in clu d in g d e v is in g d iffic u lt c o n t r o l pa n el w irin g u nder g e n e r a l su p e r v isio n .
A s sig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e a v a r ie ty o f lon g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s w hich
often a r e ir r e g u la r o r n o n r e c u r r in g , r e q u irin g som e planning o f the nature
and seq u en cin g o f o p e r a tio n s , and the u se o f a v a r ie ty o f m a ch in e s. Is
ty p ic a lly in v o lv e d in tra in in g new o p e r a t o r s in m a ch in e o p e ra tio n s o r train in g
lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s in w irin g fr o m d ia g r a m s and in the op era tin g se q u e n ce s
o f lon g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D oes not in clu d e p o s itio n s in w hich w irin g
r e s p o n s ib ility is lim ite d to s e le c t io n and in s e r tio n o f p r e w ire d b o a r d s .
C la s s B . P e r fo r m s w ork a c c o r d in g to e sta b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and
u n der s p e c ific in s t r u c t io n s . A s sig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e co m p le te but r o u ­
tine and r e c u r r in g r e p o r t s o r p a rts o f la r g e r and m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p era tes m o r e d iffic u lt tabu latin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a ccou n tin g m a ch in es su ch as
the ta b u la tor and c a lc u la t o r , in ad dition to the s im p le r m a ch in es u sed by
c la s s C o p e r a t o r s .
M ay be r e q u ire d to do so m e w irin g fr o m d ia g r a m s .
C la s s C . Under s p e c ific in s t r u c t io n s , o p e r a te s sim p le tabulating
o r e le c t r ic a l a ccou n tin g m a ch in e s such as the s o r t e r , in te r p r e te r , re p ro d u cin g
punch, c o lla t o r , e tc . A s sig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e p o r tio n s o f a w ork unit,
fo r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o rtin g o r c o lla tin g ru n s, o r r e p e titiv e o p e r a tio n s .
M ay p e r fo r m sim p le w irin g fr o m d ia g r a m s , and do som e filin g w ork .

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
C O M P U T E R SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS

C O M P U T E R SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS— Continued

A n a ly z e s .b u sin e ss p r o b le m s to fo rm u la te p r o c e d u r e s f o r solvin g
th em by u se o f e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g equ ipm en t. D e v e lo p s a c o m p le te
d e s c r ip tio n o f a ll s p e c ific a tio n s n eeded to en able p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u ir e d d ig ita l co m p u te r p r o g r a m s .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
A n a ly z e s s u b je c t -m a tte r o p e r a tio n s to be au tom ated and id e n tifie s con d ition s
and c r it e r i a r e q u ire d to a ch ie v e s a tis fa c to r y r e s u lts ; s p e c ifie s n u m ber and
ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d ocu m en ts to be u sed ; ou tlin es a ctio n s to be
p e r fo r m e d by p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u te r s in su fficie n t d e ta il fo r p re se n ta tio n
to m a n a gem en t and fo r p r o g r a m m in g (ty p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p r e p a r a tio n o f
w o rk and data flo w c h a r t s ); c o o rd in a te s the d ev elop m en t o f te s t p r o b le m s and
p a r tic ip a te s in t r ia l runs o f new and r e v is e d s y s t e m s ; and r e co m m e n d s eq u ip ­
m ent ch a n g es to obtain m o r e e ffe c t iv e o v e r a ll o p e r a tio n s . (N O T E : W o r k e rs
p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g should be c la s s ifie d as
sy s te m s an alysts i f th is is the s k ill u sed to d e te rm in e th eir pay.)

C la s s C .
W ork s under im m e d ia te s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y in g out an aly ­
s e s as a s s ig n e d , u su a lly o f a sin g le a c tiv ity . A s sig n m e n ts a re d es ig n e d to
d e v e lo p and expand p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e in the a p p lica tion o f p r o c e d u r e s and
s k ills r e q u ire d fo r s y s te m s a n a ly s is w o rk .
F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s is t a h igh er
le v e l s y s te m s an alyst by p r e p a r in g the d e ta ile d s p e c ific a tio n s r e q u ir e d by
p r o g r a m m e r s fr o m in fo rm a tio n d e v e lo p e d by the h igh er le v e l an alyst.
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS
C o n v e rts statem en ts o f b u sin e s s p r o b le m s , ty p ic a lly p r e p a r e d by a
s y s te m s a n a lyst, into a seq u en ce o f d e ta ile d in stru ctio n s w hich a re r e q u ire d
to so lv e the p r o b le m s by au tom atic data p r o c e s s in g equ ipm en t.
W orkin g fr o m
c h a rts o r d ia g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s the p r e c i s e in stru ctio n s w hich ,
w hen en te re d into the co m p u te r sy ste m in c o d e d la n gu a ge, ca u se the m a n ipu ­
la tion o f data to a ch ie v e d e s ir e d r e s u lts . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
A p p lie s k n ow led ge o f co m p u te r c a p a b ilitie s , m a th e m a tic s , lo g ic e m p lo y e d by
c o m p u te r s , and p a r tic u la r su b je ct m a tte r in v o lv e d to an alyze c h a rts and
d ia g r a m s o f the p r o b le m to be p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s seq u en ce o f p r o g r a m
s te p s ; w r ite s d eta iled flo w c h a rts to show o r d e r in w hich data w ill be
p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s th ese ch a rts to co d e d in s tru ctio n s fo r m a ch in e to fo llo w ;
t e s ts and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s tr u c tio n s f o r op era tin g p e r s o n n e l
d u rin g p ro d u ctio n run; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lte r s p r o g r a m s to in c r e a s e
o p e ra tin g e ffic ie n c y o r adapt to new r e q u ir e m e n t s ; m a in tain s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d ev elop m en t and r e v is io n s .
(N O T E :
W o r k e rs p e r fo r m in g both
s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g should be c la s s ifi e d as s y s te m s an alysts
If this is the s k ill u sed to d e te rm in e th e ir pay.)

D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le fo r the m a n a g e ­
m en t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o th e r e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r s y s ­
te m s a n a lysts p r im a r ily c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n tific o r e n g in eerin g p r o b le m s .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , s y s te m s an alysts a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :
C la s s A . W ork s in depen den tly o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s in v olv in g a ll p h a ses o f sy ste m a n a ly s is .
P r o b le m s are
c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d iv e r s e s o u r c e s o f input data and m u ltip le -u s e r e q u ir e ­
m en ts o f output data.
(F o r ex a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in teg ra ted p rod u ction s c h e d ­
u lin g, in v e n to ry c o n t r o l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in w hich
e v e r y item o f each type is a u to m a tica lly p r o c e s s e d th rough the fu ll sy stem
o f r e c o r d s and a p p ro p ria te follow u p a ctio n s a re in itiated by the c o m p u te r .)
C o n fe r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e te rm in e the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s
and a d v is e s s u b je c t -m a tte r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s o f new o r r e v is e d
s y s te m s o f data p r o c e s s in g o p e r a t io n s . M akes r e c o m m e n d a tio n s , i f n eed ed ,
fo r a p p ro v a l o f m a jo r s y s te m s in sta lla tion s o r ch a n g es and fo r obtaining
equ ipm ent.

D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le fo r the m a n a g e­
m en t o r s u p e r v is io n o f oth e r e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o ­
g r a m m e r s p r im a r ily c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n tific a n d /o r e n g in eerin g p r o b le m s .
F or

M ay p r o v id e fu n ction a l d ir e c tio n
who a re a s sig n e d to a s s is t .

to

lo w e r

p r o g r a m m e r s a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W ork s in depen den tly o r under on ly g e n e ra l d ir e c tio n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s w hich r e q u ire c o m p e te n c e in a ll p h a ses o f p r o g r a m m in g
c o n c e p ts and p r a c t ic e s .
W orkin g fr o m d ia g r a m s and ch a rts w hich id en tify
the nature o f d e s ir e d r e s u lt s , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g step s to be a c c o m p lis h e d ,
and the re la tio n s h ip s betw een v a r io u s step s o f the p r o b le m solvin g rou tin e;
plans the fu ll range o f p r o g r a m m in g a ctio n s n e e d e d to e ffic ie n tly u tilize the
c o m p u te r sy ste m in a ch ie v in g d e s ir e d end p r o d u c ts .

C la s s B . W ork s in depen den tly o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
p r o b le m s that a re r e la t iv e ly u n co m p lica te d to a n a ly ze , plan, p r o g r a m , and
o p e r a te .
P r o b le m s a re o f lim ite d c o m p le x ity b e c a u se s o u r c e s o f input data
a r e h om og en eou s and the output data a re c lo s e ly r e la te d .
(F o r e x a m p le ,
d e v e lo p s s y s te m s f o r m ain taining d e p o s ito r a cco u n ts in a bank, m ain taining
a ccou n ts r e c e iv a b le in a r e ta il e sta b lis h m e n t, o r m aintaining in v en tory
a cco u n ts in a m an u factu rin g o r w h o le sa le e sta b lis h m e n t.) C o n fe rs w ith p e r ­
son s c o n c e r n e d to d e te rm in e the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s
s u b je c t -m a tte r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s o f the data p r o c e s s in g s y ste m s
to be ap p lied .

A t th is le v e l, p r o g r a m m in g is d iffic u lt b e c a u s e co m p u te r equipm ent
m u st be o r g a n iz e d to p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in te r r e la te d but d iv e r s e p r o d u cts fr o m
n u m erou s and d iv e r s e data e le m e n ts . A w ide v a r ie ty and ex te n siv e n um ber
o f in te rn a l p r o c e s s in g a ctio n s m u st o c c u r .
T h is r e q u ir e s such a ctio n s as
d ev e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a tio n s w hich can be r e u s e d , esta b lis h m e n t of
lin kage poin ts b etw een o p e r a t io n s , a d ju stm en ts to data w hen p r o g r a m r e q u ir e ­
m en ts e x c e e d co m p u te r s to ra g e c a p a c ity , and su bsta n tial m anipulation and
r e seq u en cin g o f data e le m e n ts to fo r m a h igh ly in te g ra te d p r o g r a m .

OR
W ork s on a seg m en t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s in g sch em e o r s y ste m ,
as d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A . W ork s in depen den tly on routine a ssig n m en ts and
r e c e iv e s in s tru ctio n and gu id an ce on c o m p le x a s sig n m e n ts .
W ork is r e v ie w e d
f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju dgm en t, c o m p lia n c e with in s tr u c tio n s , and to in su re p r o p e r
align m en t w ith the o v e r a ll s y ste m .




w age study p u r p o s e s ,

le v e l s y ste m s an alysts

M ay p r o v id e fu n ction a l d ir e c tio n to lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r s w ho are
a s sig n e d to a s s is t.

18

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS— Continued

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — Continued

C la s s B . W ork s in depen den tly o r u nder on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
r e la t iv e ly sim p le p r o g r a m s , o r on sim p le seg m en ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r seg m en ts) u su a lly p r o c e s s in fo rm a tio n to p ro d u ce data in two
o r th re e v a r ie d se q u e n ce s o r fo r m a t s .
R e p o r ts and lis tin g s a r e p r o d u c e d by
r e fin in g , adapting, a r r a y in g , o r m akin g m in o r a d dition s to o r d e le tio n s fr o m
input data w h ich a r e r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W hile n u m erou s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the data have b een r e fin e d in p r io r a c tio n s so that the a c c u r a c y
and seq u en cin g o f data can be te s te d by u sin g a few rou tin e c h e c k s . T y p ic a lly ,
the p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith routine r e c o r d k e e p in g o p e r a t io n s .

m a jo r ch an ge o r can not be c o r r e c t e d w ithin a r e a s o n a b ly sh o rt tim e . In
c o m m o n e r r o r s itu a tio n s , d ia g n o s e s c a u s e and ta k es c o r r e c t iv e a c tio n .
T h is
u su a lly in v o lv e s ap plyin g p r e v io u s ly p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t iv e s te p s , o r u sin g
stan dard c o r r e c t io n te c h n iq u e s .

OR
W orks on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (as d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A) under c lo s e
d ir e c tio n o f a h igh er le v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M ay a s s is t h igh er
le v e l p r o g r a m m e r by in depen den tly p e r fo r m in g le s s d ifficu lt ta sk s a s s ig n e d ,
and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt ta sk s u nder fa ir ly c lo s e d ir e c tio n .
M ay guide o r in stru ct lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
ClassC.
M akes p r a c t ic a l a p p lica tio n s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t ic e s
and c o n c e p ts u su a lly le a rn e d in fo r m a l tra in in g c o u r s e s . A s sig n m e n ts a re
d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e te n c e in the a p p lica tion o f standard p r o c e d u r e s to
rou tin e p r o b le m s . R e c e iv e s c lo s e su p e r v isio n on new a s p e c ts o f a s sig n m e n ts ;
and w ork is r e v ie w e d to v e r ify its a c c u r a c y and c o n fo r m a n c e w ith r e q u ire d
p roced u res.

COM PUTER OPERATOR
M o n ito rs and o p e r a te s the c o n t r o l c o n s o le o f a d ig ita l c o m p u te r to
u s u a lly p r e p a r e d by a p r o ­
g ra m m er.
W ork in clu d es m o s t o f the fo llo w in g ; Studies in s tru ctio n s to
d e te rm in e equ ipm en t setup and o p e r a tio n s ; loa d s equ ipm ent w ith re q u ire d
ite m s (tape r e e ls , c a r d s , e t c .); sw itch es n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia ry equ ipm ent into
c ir c u it , and sta rts and o p e r a te s c o m p u te r ; m a k es ad ju stm en ts to co m p u te r to
c o r r e c t op era tin g p r o b le m s and m e e t s p e c ia l c o n d itio n s; r e v ie w s e r r o r s m ade
du rin g op e ra tio n and d e te rm in e s ca u se o r r e fe r s p r o b le m to s u p e r v is o r o r
p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a in tain s op era tin g r e c o r d s .
M ay te s t and a s s is t in
c o r r e c t in g p r o g r a m .
p r o c e s s d ata a c c o r d in g to o p e r a tin g in s t r u c t io n s ,

F or

w age

study p u r p o s e s ,

c o m p u te r

op era tors

are

c la s s ifi e d

as

fo llo w s :
C la s s A . O p era tes in d epen den tly, o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n ,
a co m p u te r running p r o g r a m s with m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s :
New p r o g r a m s a re freq u en tly te s te d and in tr o d u ce d ; sch ed u lin g r e q u ire m e n ts
a r e o f c r it ic a l im p o rta n ce to m in im iz e dow n tim e; the p r o g r a m s a re o f
c o m p le x d esig n so that id e n tifica tio n o f e r r o r s o u r c e often r e q u ir e s a w ork in g
kn ow led ge o f the to ta l p r o g r a m , and altern a te p r o g r a m s m a y not be a v a ila b le .
M ay g iv e d ir e c tio n and guidan ce to lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B.
O p era tes in dep en d en tly , o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n ,
a co m p u te r running p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s :
M ost o f the p r o g r a m s a re e sta b lis h e d p r o d u ctio n ru n s, ty p ic a lly run on a
r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; th e re is little o r no testin g o f new p r o g r a m s
r e q u ire d ; a ltern a te p r o g r a m s a re p r o v id e d in c a s e o r ig in a l p r o g r a m n eed s




OR
O p e ra te s u nder d ir e c t s u p e r v is io n a c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s o r
se g m e n ts o f p r o g r a m s w ith the c h a r a c t e r is t ic s d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A . M ay
a s s is t a h ig h er le v e l o p e r a t o r by in dep en d en tly p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta sk s
a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt ta sk s fo llo w in g d eta iled in s tru ctio n s and
w ith freq u en t r e v ie w o f o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d .

e x p e cte d
a b ility to
r e c e iv e d
op era tor

C la s s C . W ork s on rou tin e p r o g r a m s u nder c lo s e su p e r v is io n . Is
to d e v e lo p w ork in g k n ow led ge o f the c o m p u te r equipm ent u sed and
d e te c t p r o b le m s in v o lv e d in running rou tin e p r o g r a m s . U su a lly has
so m e fo r m a l tra in in g in co m p u te r o p e r a tio n . M ay a s s is t h igh er le v e l
on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .

DRAFTER
C la s s A . P la n s the g ra p h ic p r e se n ta tio n o f c o m p le x it e m s having
d is tin c tiv e d e s ig n fe a tu r e s that d iffe r sig n ific a n tly fr o m e sta b lis h e d d ra ftin g
p r e c e d e n ts .
W ork s in c lo s e su p p ort with the d e s ig n o r ig in a to r , and m a y
r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s . A n a ly z e s the e ffe c t o f each change on the
d e ta ils o f fo r m , fu n ctio n , and p o s itio n a l re la tio n s h ip s o f com p on en ts and p a r ts .
W ork s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is ta n c e .
C om p leted w ork is
r e v ie w e d by d e s ig n o r ig in a to r f o r c o n s is t e n c y w ith p r io r en g in e e rin g d e t e r ­
m in a tio n s.
M ay e ith e r p r e p a r e d ra w in g s o r d ir e c t th e ir p re p a ra tio n by lo w e r
le v e l d r a ft e r s .
C la s s B . P e r fo r m s n on rou tin e and c o m p le x d ra ftin g a s sig n m e n ts
that r e q u ir e the a p p lica tio n o f m o s t o f the sta n d a rd iz ed d raw in g tech n iq u es
r e g u la r ly u se d .
D uties t y p ic a lly in v o lv e such w o rk a s :
P r e p a r e s w ork in g
d ra w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith ir r e g u la r sh a p e s, m u ltip le fu n c tio n s, and
p r e c i s e p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s betw een c o m p o n e n ts; p r e p a r e s a r c h it e c t u r a l
d ra w in g s fo r c o n s tr u c tio n o f a bu ildin g in clu d in g d e t a il d ra w in g s o f fou n ­
d a tio n s, w a ll s e c t io n s , f lo o r p la n s , and r o o f. • U ses a c c e p te d fo r m u la s and
m a n u als in m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y com p u ta tion s to d e te rm in e qu an tities o f
m a te r ia ls to be u se d , loa d c a p a c it ie s , stre n g th s, s t r e s s e s , e t c .
R e c e iv e s
in itia l in s t r u c t io n s , r e q u ir e m e n t s , and a d v ic e fr o m s u p e r v is o r . C o m p le te d
w o rk is ch eck ed f o r t e c h n ic a l a d eq u a cy .

C la s s C . P r e p a r e s d e ta il d ra w in g s o f sin g le units o r p a rts fo r
e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tr u c tio n , m a n u fa ctu rin g , o r r e p a ir p u r p o s e s .
T ypes o f
d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d in clu d e i s o m e t r ic p r o je c t io n s (d e p ictin g th ree d im e n s io n s
in a c c u r a te s c a le ) and s e c tio n a l v ie w s to c la r if y p o s itio n in g o f com p on en ts
and c o n v e y n eed ed in fo r m a t io n .
C o n s o lid a te s d e ta ils fr o m a n u m ber o f
s o u r c e s and a d ju sts o r tr a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ir e d . Su ggested m eth od s o f
a p p ro a ch , a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a te r ia ls a r e given
w ith in itia l a s s ig n m e n ts .
In stru ctio n s a re le s s c o m p le te when a ssig n m en ts
recu r.
W ork m a y be s p o t-c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

D R A F T E R -T R A C E R

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — Continued

C o p ie s p la n s and d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s by p la c in g t r a c in g
c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r d r a w in g s and t r a c in g w ith p en o r p e n c il .
(D o e s not
in c lu d e t r a c in g lim it e d to p la n s p r i m a r i l y c o n s is t in g o f s tr a ig h t lin e s and a
la r g e s c a le not r e q u ir in g c l o s e d e lin e a t io n .)

W o r k m a y be r e v ie w e d b y s u p e r v is o r (fr e q u e n t ly an e n g in e e r o r
d e s ig n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p lia n c e
w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s .
M a y p r o v id e
t e c h n i c a l g u id a n ce to lo w e r l e v e l t e c h n i c ia n s .
C la s s B .
A p p lie s c o m p r e h e n s i v e t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e c o m ­
p le x p r o b l e m s [ i . e . , th o s e th a t t y p i c a l l y ca n be s o lv e d s o l e l y b y p r o p e r ly
in t e r p r e t in g m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a ls o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k in g on
e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s :
A f a m i l i a r i t y w ith the i n t e r r e l a t i o n ­
s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; and ju d g m e n t in d e t e r m in in g w o r k s e q u e n c e and in s e le c t in g
t o o l s and te s tin g i n s t r u m e n t s , u s u a lly l e s s c o m p le x th a n th o s e u s e d b y the
c l a s s A te c h n ic ia n .

A N D /O R

W ork

is

P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e t itiv e d r a w in g s
c l o s e l y s u p e r v is e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

o f e a s ily

v i s u a liz e d

ite m s .

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N

R e c e i v e s te c h n i c a l g u id a n c e , a s r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n , and w o r k is r e v ie w e d f o r s p e c ific c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p t e d
p r a c t i c e s and w o r k a s s i g n m e n t s .
M a y p r o v id e t e c h n i c a l g u id a n ce to lo w e r
l e v e l t e c h n i c ia n s .

W o r k s on v a r io u s ty p e s o f e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m e n t and r e la t e d d e v ic e s
b y p e r fo r m i n g one o r a c o m b in a tio n of th e f o llo w in g :
I n s t a llin g , m a in ta in in g ,
r e p a ir in g , o v e r h a u lin g , t r o u b le s h o o t in g , m o d if y in g , c o n s tr u c tin g , and t e s t in g .
W o r k r e q u i r e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a tio n o f t e c h n ic a l k n o w led g e o f e le c t r o n i c s
p r i n c i p l e s , a b ility to d e t e r m in e m a lf u n c t io n s , and s k ill to put e q u ip m e n t in
r e q u ir e d o p e r a tin g c o n d itio n .

C la s s C .
A p p lie s w o r k in g t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to p e r f o r m s im p le o r
ro u tin e t a s k s in w o r k in g on e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m e n t, fo llo w in g d e t a ile d i n s t r u c ­
tio n s w h ich c o v e r v i r t u a l ly a ll p r o c e d u r e s .
W o r k t y p i c a lly in v o lv e s su c h
ta s k s a s :
A s s i s t i n g h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s b y p e r fo r m i n g su ch a c t i v i t i e s a s
r e p la c in g c o m p o n e n ts , w ir in g c i r c u i t s , and ta k in g t e s t r e a d in g s ; r e p a ir in g
s im p le e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m e n t; and u s in g t o o l s and c o m m o n t e s t in s t r u m e n t s
( e . g . , m u l t i m e t e r s , au d io s ig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tu b e t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) .
Is n ot r e q u ir e d to be f a m i l i a r w ith th e in t e r r e l a t io n s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s .
T h is
k n o w le d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y be
a c q u ir e d th r o u g h
a s s i g n m e n t s d e s ig n e d to
i n c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e (in c lu d in g
c la ssr o o m
tr a in in g )
so that w o r k e r
ca n

T h e e q u ip m e n t— c o n s is t in g of e ith e r m a n y d iffe r e n t k in d s o f c ir c u it s
o r m u ltip le r e p e titio n o f the s a m e kind o f c ir c u it — in c lu d e s , but is not lim it e d
t o , the fo llo w in g :
(a) E le c t r o n ic t r a n s m it t in g and r e c e iv in g e q u ip m e n t ( e .g .,
r a d a r , r a d io , t e l e v i s i o n , t e le p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v ig a tio n a l a i d s ) , (b) d ig it a l and
a n a lo g c o m p u t e r s , and (c) in d u s t r ia l and m e d ic a l m e a su rin g and c o n tr o llin g
e q u ip m e n t.
T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c lu d e s r e p a i r e r s o f su ch sta n d a rd e le c t r o n ic
e q u ip m e n t a s c o m m o n o f f ic e m a c h in e s and h o u se h o ld ra d io and t e le v is io n
s e t s ; p ro d u c tio n a s s e m b l e r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o se p r i m a r y duty is
s e r v ic in g e le c t r o n ic t e s t in s t r u m e n t s ; t e c h n ic ia n s who have a d m in is t r a t iv e
o r s u p e r v is o r y
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s i g n e r s ,
and p r o f e s s i o n a l
e n g in e e r s .
P o s it io n s
d e fin it io n s .

are

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e ls

on

th e

b a s is

advance

to

h ig h e r

le v e l te c h n ic ia n .

R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e , a s r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l te c h n ic ia n .
W o r k i s t y p i c a l l y sp o t c h e c k e d , but i s g iv e n d e ta ile d r e v ie w
w h en n e w o r a d v a n ce d a s s i g n m e n t s a r e in v o lv e d .
R E G IS T E R E D IN D U S T R IA L N U R SE

o f the fo llo w in g

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w ho g i v e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e u n d er g e n e r a l m e d i c a l
d ir e c t io n to i l l o r in ju r e d e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e - i l l o r
s u f fe r an a c c id e n t on the p r e m i s e s o f a f a c t o r y o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t .
D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
G iv in g f i r s t aid to the i l l o r
in ju r e d ; a tte n d in g to su b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k ee p in g
r e c o r d s of p a tie n ts t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a tio n o r
o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in p h y s ic a l e x a m in a t io n s and h e a lth e v a lu a tio n s o f
a p p lic a n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and p la n n in g and c a r r y in g out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g
h e a lth e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n tio n , e v a lu a tio n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t, o r
o th e r a c t iv it ie s a ffe c tin g the h e a lth , w e l f a r e , and s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l.
N u r s in g s u p e r v i s o r s o r head n u r s e s in e s t a b li s h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e than
one n u r s e a r e e x c lu d e d .

C la s s A .
A p p lie s a d v a n c e d t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e u n u su a lly
c o m p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e . , th o s e th at t y p i c a lly can n ot be so lv e d s o l e l y b y r e f e r ­
e n c e to m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a ls o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n ts ) in w o rk in g on e l e c ­
tr o n ic e q u ip m e n t.
E x a m p le s o f su ch p r o b l e m s in c lu d e lo c a tio n and d e n s ity o f
c i r c u i t r y , e le c t r o m a g n e t ic r a d ia tio n , is o la t in g m a lf u n c t io n s ,
and fr e q u e n t
e n g in e e r in g c h a n g e s .
W ork in v o lv e s :
A d e ta ile d u n d e r sta n d in g o f the i n t e r ­
r e la t io n s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g in d e p e n d en t ju d g m e n t in p e r fo r m i n g su ch
t a s k s a s m a k in g c ir c u it a n a l y s e s , c a lc u la tin g w a v e f o r m s , t r a c in g r e l a t io n ­
sh ip s in s ig n a l flo w ; and r e g u la r l y u s in g c o m p le x t e s t in s t r u m e n ts ( e .g ., d u al
t r a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia tio n m e t e r s , p u ls e g e n e r a t o r s ) .

MAINTENANCE, TOOLROOM, AND POWERPLANT
M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R

M A I N T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R — C o n tin u e d

P e r f o r m s the c a r p e n tr y d u tie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s tr u c t and m a in ta in
in good r e p a ir b u ild in g w o o d w o r k and e q u ip m e n t su ch a s b in s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s ,
b e n c h e s , p a r t it i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , and t r im m a d e o f w ood
in an e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
P la n n in g and
la y in g out o f w o rk f r o m b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t io n s ;

u s in g a v a r ie t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o ls , p o r ta b le p o w e r t o o l s , and sta n d a rd
m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g s ta n d a rd sh op c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n ­
s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e le c t in g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s s a r y f o r the w o r k .
In g e n e r a l,
the w o rk o f the m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d ed tr a in in g and e x p e r i ­
e n ce u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .




20

M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R IC IA N

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M otor veh icle)

P e r fo r m s a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic a l tra d e fu n ction s such as the in s t a l­
la tion , m a in te n a n ce , o r r e p a ir o f equ ipm ent fo r the g e n e ra tio n , d is tr ib u tio n ,
o r u tiliza tio n o f e le c t r ic e n e rg y in an e sta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t
o f the fo llo w in g : In stallin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie ty o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip ­
m en t su ch as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s fo r m e r s , s w itc h b o a r d s , c o n t r o ll e r s , c ir c u it
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , heating u n its, con du it s y s t e m s , o r oth er tr a n s m is s io n
equ ipm en t; w ork in g fr o m b lu e p r in ts , d ra w in g s , la y o u ts , o r oth er s p e c ifi­
c a tio n s ; lo ca tin g and d ia g n osin g tr o u b le in the e le c t r i c a l sy ste m o r e q u ip ­
m en t; w ork in g standard com p u ta tion s rela tin g to loa d r e q u ire m e n ts o f w irin g
o r e le c t r ic a l equ ipm ent; and u sin g a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic ia n 's h an dtools and
m e a s u rin g and testin g in stru m e n ts . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in ten an ce
e le c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d through
a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r eq u ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s ta b ­
lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E xam in ing a u tom otiv e eq u ip ­
m en t to d ia g n o se s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g equ ipm en t and p e r fo r m in g
r e p a ir s that in v o lv e the u se o f such h an dtools as w r e n c h e s , g a u g es, d r ills ,
o r s p e c ia liz e d equ ipm en t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a rts ; re p la c in g b rok en
o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts fr o m sto ck ; g rin d in g and ad ju stin g v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and
in s ta llin g the v a r io u s a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le and m akin g n e c e s s a r y a d ju st­
m e n ts ; and a lign in g w h e e ls , ad ju stin g b r a k e s and lig h ts , o r tightening body
b o lts .
In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m o t o r v e h ic le m a in ten a n ce m e c h a n ic
r e q u ir e s rou n ded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l
a p p re n tice s h ip o r eq u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M AIN TE N AN C E PA IN T E R
P aints and r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w o o d w o rk , and fix tu re s o f an e s t a b ­
lish m en t.
W ork in v o lv e s the fo llo w in g ; K n ow ledge o f s u r fa c e p e c u lia r itie s
and ty p e s o f paint r e q u ire d fo r d iffe r e n t a p p lic a tio n s ; p re p a rin g s u r fa c e fo r
painting by r e m o v in g old fin ish o r by p la cin g putty o r f ill e r in n a il h o le s and
in t e r s t ic e s ; and applying paint w ith sp ra y gun o r b ru sh .
M ay m ix c o l o r s ,
o i l s , w hite lea d , and oth er paint in g re d ie n ts to obtain p r o p e r c o lo r o r
c o n s is t e n c y . In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m a in ten an ce p a in ter r e q u ir e s rounded
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r
eq u ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M AIN TE N AN C E MACHINIST
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a rts and new p a rts in m akin g r e p a ir s o f
m e ta l p a rts o f m e c h a n ic a l equ ipm en t o p e ra te d in an e sta b lis h m e n t.
W ork
in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In terp retin g w ritten in s tr u c tio n s and s p e c i­
fic a t io n s ; planning and la yin g out o f w o rk ; u sin g a v a r ie ty o f m a c h in is t's
h an dtools and p r e c is io n m e a su rin g in stru m e n ts ; settin g up and op era tin g
stan dard m a ch in e t o o l s ; shaping o f m e ta l p a rts to c lo s e to le r a n c e s ; m aking
stan dard shop com p u ta tion s rela tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w ork , to o lin g , fe e d s ,
and sp e e d s o f m a ch in in g; kn ow led ge o f the w ork in g p r o p e r t ie s o f the c o m m o n
m e t a ls ; s e le c tin g stan dard m a te r ia ls , p a r t s , and equ ipm ent r e q u ir e d f o r th is
w o rk ; and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a rts in to m e c h a n ic a l equ ipm en t. In g e n e r a l,
the m a c h in is t's w ork n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a roun ded tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p
p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r eq u ivalen t
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M A IN TE N AN C E M ECHANIC (M ach in ery)
R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l equ ipm ent o f an esta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E xam in ing m a ch in e s and m e c h a n ic a l
eq u ipm en t to d ia g n o se s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d ism a n tlin g o r p a rtly d ism a n tlin g
m a ch in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly in v o lv e the use o f h an dtools in
s c r a p in g and fittin g p a r ts ; r e p la c in g b rok en o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts w ith ite m s
obtain ed fr o m sto ck ; o r d e r in g the p r o d u ctio n o f a re p la c e m e n t pa rt by a
m a ch in e shop o r sending the m a ch in e to a m a ch in e shop fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s ;
p r e p a r in g w ritten s p e c ific a tio n s fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r fo r the p r o d u c tio n o f
p a rts o r d e r e d fr o m m a ch in e sh op s; r e a s s e m b lin g m a ch in e s ; and m aking a ll
n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm en ts fo r o p e r a tio n . In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f a m a c h in e r y
m a in ten a n ce m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s roun ded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly
a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r equ iv alen t tra in in g and e x p e r i­
en ce.
E x clu d ed fr o m th is c la s s ific a t io n a r e w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y d u ties
in v o lv e settin g up o r ad ju stin g m a ch in e s .




T h is c la s s ific a t io n d o e s not in clu d e m e c h a n ic s w ho r e p a ir c u s t o m e r s '
v e h ic le s in a u tom ob ile r e p a ir sh o p s .
M A IN TE N A N C E P IP E F IT T E R
In sta lls o r r e p a ir s w a te r , ste a m , g a s , o r o th e r ty p es o f pipe and
p ip e fittin g s in an e sta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Laying
out w o rk and m e a s u rin g to lo c a te p o s itio n o f pipe fr o m d raw in gs o r oth er
w ritten s p e c ific a t io n s ; cu ttin g v a r io u s s iz e s o f pipe to c o r r e c t len gth s w ith
c h is e l and h a m m er o r o x y a c e ty le n e to r c h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a ch in e s ; th read in g
pip e w ith sto ck s and d ie s ; ben din g pip e by h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r -d r iv e n
m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g pip e w ith c o u p lin g s and fa sten in g pipe to h a n g e r s;
m akin g stan dard shop com p u ta tion s re la tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f
pip e r e q u ir e d ; and m akin g stan dard te s ts to d e te rm in e w hether fin ish e d p ip e s
m e e t s p e c ific a t io n s . In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m a in ten an ce p ip e fitte r
r e q u ir e s roun ded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l
a p p re n tice s h ip o r equ iv alen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
W o r k e rs p r im a r ily
en ga ged in in s ta llin g and r e p a ir in g bu ildin g sa n ita tion o r heating s y s te m s
a r e e x c lu d e d .
M A IN TE N A N C E S H E E T -M E T A L W O RKER
F a b r ic a t e s , in s t a lls , and m a in tain s in g ood r e p a ir the s h e e t-m e ta l
equ ip m en t and fix tu r e s (su ch as m a ch in e g u a rd s , g r e a s e pans, s h e lv e s ,
lo c k e r s , ta n k s, v e n t ila t o r s , c h u te s , d u c ts , m e ta l r o o fin g ) o f an e sta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and layin g out a ll ty p e s o f
s h e e t -m e t a l m a in ten a n ce w o rk fr o m b lu e p r in ts , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c if i­
c a tio n s ; settin g up and o p e ra tin g a ll a v a ila b le ty p e s o f s h e e t-m e ta l w ork in g
m a c h in e s ; u sin g a v a r ie ty o f h an d tools in cu ttin g, ben din g, fo r m in g , sh aping,
fittin g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in sta llin g s h e e t-m e ta l a r t ic le s as r e q u ir e d . In
g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m a in ten a n ce s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s rou n ded
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r
eq u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M ILLW R IG H T
In sta lls new m a ch in e s o r h eav y equ ipm en t, and d is m a n tle s and
in s t a lls m a ch in e s o r h eavy equ ipm en t w hen ch a n g es in the plant layou t a re
r e q u ir e d .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P lann in g and layin g out
w o rk ; in te r p r e tin g b lu e p rin ts o r o th e r s p e c ific a t io n s ; u sin g a v a r ie ty o f handt o o ls and r ig g in g ; m akin g stan dard shop co m p u ta tio n s rela tin g to s t r e s s e s ,
stren g th o f m a t e r ia ls , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v ity ; align in g and ba la n cin g e q u ip ­
m e n t; s e le c tin g stan dard t o o l s , eq u ip m en t, and p a r ts to be u sed ; and in sta llin g
and m a in tain in g in g ood o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m is s io n equ ipm en t su ch as d r iv e s
and sp eed r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t 's w o rk n o rm a lly r e q u ir e s a
roun ded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in the tra d e a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l
a p p re n tice s h ip o r eq u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPER

T O O L A N D DIE MA KER

A s s i s t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the sk illed m ain ten an ce t r a d e s , byp e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c o r g e n e r a l duties o f l e s s e r sk ill, such as keepin g a
w o r k e r supplied with m a t e r i a l s and t o o l s ; clean in g w ork in g a r e a , m a c h in e ,
and eq uip m ent; a s s i s ti n g jo u r n e y m a n by holding m a t e r i a l s o r t o o l s ; and p e r ­
f o r m in g oth er unsk illed ta sk s as d i r e c t e d by jo u r n e y m a n .
The kind of w o rk
the h elp er is p e r m it te d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m trad e to t r a d e : In s o m e
tr a d e s the h e lp e r is confin ed to supplyin g, liftin g, and holding m a t e r i a l s and
t o o l s , and clean in g w ork in g a r e a s ; and in o th e r s he is p e r m it te d to p e r f o r m
s p e c i a l i z e d m a ch in e o p e r a t io n s , o r pa rts o f a trad e that ar e a ls o p e r f o r m e d
by w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .

C o n s t r u c t s and r e p a i r s j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cutting t o o l s , g a u g e s , o r m e t a l
d ie s o r m o l d s u sed in shaping o r f o r m in g m e t a l o r n o n m e ta llic m a t e r i a l ( e . g . ,
p l a s t i c , p l a s t e r , r u b b e r , g l a s s ) . W o r k ty p ic a l ly i n v o l v e s : Planning and laying
out w o r k a c c o r d i n g to m o d e l s , b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , o r o th e r w ritten o r o r a l
s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; understandin g the w ork in g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a ls and
a l l o y s ; s e l e c t in g a p p ro p r ia te m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , and p r o c e s s e s r e q u ir e d to
c o m p l e t e ta s k s ; m akin g n e c e s s a r y shop c o m p u ta tio n s ; setting up and operating
v a r io u s m a ch in e t o o l s and r ela ted equ ipm ent; using v a r io u s t o o l and die
m a k e r ' s handtools and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n ts ; w ork in g to v e r y
c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; h e a t- t r e a tin g m e t a l pa rts and fin ish ed t o o l s and d ie s to
a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a litie s ; fitting and a s s e m b li n g pa rts to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r ­
a n c e s and a l lo w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l, the t o o l and die m a k e r ' s w o r k r e q u ir e s
rounded trainin g in m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e usu ally a c q u ir e d
through f o r m a l a p p r e n ti c e s h ip o r equ ivalent tr ainin g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A C H IN E -TO OL O PE R A TO R (T o o lro o m )
S p e c i a l i z e s in op er a tin g one o r m o r e than one type o f m a ch in e t o o l
( e . g . , ji g b o r e r , grin din g m a c h in e , engine lathe, m illin g m a ch in e ) to m a ch in e
m e t a l fo r use in m akin g or main taining j i g s , f ix t u r e s , cutting t o o l s , g a u g es ,
o r m e t a l d ies or m o l d s u sed in shaping o r f o r m in g m e t a l o r n on m e ta llic
m a t e r i a l ( e . g . , p l a s t i c , p l a s t e r , r u b b e r , g la s s ) .
W ork t y p ic a l ly in v o l v e s :
Planning and p e r f o r m i n g d ifficu lt m a ch in in g o p e r a t io n s w hich r e q u ir e c o m ­
plica ted setups o r a high d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; setting up m a c h in e t o o l o r
t o o l s ( e . g . , in sta ll cutting t o o l s and adjust g u id es, stops, w ork in g t a b le s ,
and other c o n t r o l s to handle the s i z e o f stock to be m a ch in e d ; d e t e r m i n e
p r o p e r f e e d s , s p e e d s , t o o lin g , and o p e r a t io n seq u en ce o r s e l e c t th o se p r e ­
s c r i b e d in d r a w in g s , b lu ep r in ts , o r la you ts); using a v a r ie t y o f p r e c i s i o n
m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n ts ; m akin g n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm ents during m a ch in in g
o p e r a t io n to a c h ie v e r e q u is i te d im e n s io n s to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s .
May be
r e q u ir e d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n ts and cutting and lu b ricatin g o i l s , to
r e c o g n i z e when t o o l s need d r e s s i n g , and to d r e s s t o o l s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk
o f a m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r ( t o o l r o o m ) at the sk ill le v e l c a l l e d f o r in this
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n r e q u i r e s e x te n s iv e kn ow ledge o f m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m
p r a c t i c e usu ally a c q u ir e d through c o n s i d e r a b l e o n - t h e - j o b tr ainin g a n d
experience.

in clude
shops.

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y wage study p u r p o s e s , this c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s not
m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s ( t o o l r o o m ) e m p lo y e d in t o o l and die jo b bin g

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w age study p u r p o s e s , th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s not
in clude t o o l and die m a k e r s who (1) ar e e m p lo y e d in t o o l and die job bin g
sh ops o r (2) p r o d u c e f o r g in g d ie s (die s i n k e r s ) .
S T A T IO N A R Y ENGIN EER
O p e ra te s and m a in tains and m a y a ls o s u p e r v i s e the o p e r a t io n of
sta tion a ry engin es and equ ipm ent ( m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to supply the
e s t a b lis h m e n t in w hich e m p lo y e d with p o w e r , heat, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r c ondition in g.
W ork i n v o l v e s :
O pera tin g and m ain taining equip m ent such as
steam e n g in e s , air c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , tu r b in e s, ventilatin g
and r e f r i g e r a t i n g e qu ip m en t, steam b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a te r pum ps;
m a k in g equ ipm ent r e p a i r s ; and k eepin g a r e c o r d o f op e r a t io n o f m a c h i n e r y ,
t e m p e r a t u r e , and fu e l con s u m p tio n .
May a l s o s u p e r v i s e th ese o p e r a t io n s .
Head o r c h i e f e n g in e e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y i n g m o r e than one en g in eer
ar e e x c l u d e d .
B O ILE R TE N D E R
F i r e s s tation a ry b o i l e r s to fu rn ish the e s t a b lis h m e n t in w hich
e m p l o y e d with heat, p o w e r , o r st e a m .
F e e d s fu e ls to f ir e by hand or
o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n i c a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; and c h e c k s w a te r and
sa fety v a l v e s .
M ay c le a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a ir in g b o i l e r r o o m equip m ent.

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
TR U C K D R IV E R

T R U C K D R IV E R — Continued
T ruckdriver,
T ruckdriver,
T ruckdriver,
Truckdriver,

D r iv e s a tr u ck within a c ity o r in d u str ia l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e ­
r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e , equ ipm ent, o r w o r k e r s between v a r io u s ty pes o f e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts such as :
M anufacturin g pla nts, fr e ig h t d e p o t s, w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e ­
sa le and r eta il e s t a b lis h m e n t s , o r b etw een r e t a i l e sta b lis h m en ts and
c u s t o m e r s ' h ou s es o r p l a c e s of b u s i n e s s . M ay a l s o loa d o r unload tr u ck with
o r without h e l p e r s , m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , and k eep tr u ck in good
w o r k i n g order.
S a l e s - r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e e x c l u d e d .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s are c l a s s i f i e d by s iz e and
type of equip m ent, as f o l l o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r should be rated on the b a s is
o f t r a i l e r c a p a c it y .)




light tr u c k (under 1V2 ton s)
m e d iu m tr u c k ( 1 V2 to and in cluding 4 tons)
h eavy tr u c k ( t r a i le r ) ( o v e r 4 ton s)
heavy tr u c k (oth er than t r a i l e r ) ( o v e r 4 tons)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e f o r sh ipm en t, o r r e c e i v e s and is r e s p o n s i b l e
f o r in c o m in g sh ipm ents o f m e r c h a n d i s e o r o th e r m a t e r i a l s . Shipping w o r k
i n v o l v e s : A kn ow led ge o f shipping p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a ilab le
m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , and r a t e s ; and p r e p a r in g r e c o r d s o f the g ood s

22

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K — C o n tin u e d

S H IP P IN G P A C K E R — C o n tin u e d

shipped, makin g up b i lls o f ladin g, postin g weight and shipping c h a r g e s , and
keepin g a file o f shipping r e c o r d s .
May d ir e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r in g the
m e r c h a n d i s e f o r sh ip m ent. R e c e iv in g w o rk i n v o l v e s : V er ify in g o r d ir e c tin g
o th e r s in v e r if y in g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f ship m ents against b i lls o f la ding,
i n v o i c e s , o r oth er r e c o r d a ; check in g f o r sh o r ta g e s and r e je c t in g dam aged
g o o d s ; routing m e r c h a n d i s e -or m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a rtm e n ts; and m a in ­
taining n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and f i l e s .

shipping c o n t a in e r s and m a y in volve one o r m o r e o f the f o llo w in g : Know ledge
o f v a r io u s it e m s o f stock in o r d e r to v e r i f y content; s e l e c t io n of ap propriate
type and s i z e o f co n t a in e r; in s e r tin g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a in e r; using e x c e l s i o r
o r o th e r m a t e r i a l to p reven t br ea k a g e o r d a m a g e; c l o s i n g and sealing c o n ­
ta in e r; and applying la b els o r en tering identifyin g data on c on ta in er.
Packers
who a ls o m a k e w ooden b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e ex clu d ed .
M A T E R I A L HANDLING LA B O R E R

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s ,

w o r k e r s ar e c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a nu factu ring plant, s t o r e , o r
o th er e s t a b lis h m e n t w h os e duties in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the f o llo w in g :
Loadin g and unloading v a r io u s m a t e r i a l s and m e r c h a n d i s e on o r f r o m freigh t
c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th er tr a n sp o rt in g d e v i c e s ; unpacking, shelv in g, o r pla cing
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r st o r a g e lo c a t io n ; and tran sp ortin g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e by handtruck, c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w .
L on g s h or e
w o r k e r s , who load and unload sh ip s , a r e ex clu d e d .

Shipping c l e r k
Refceiving c l e r k
Shipping and r e c e i v i n g c l e r k
WAREHOUSE MAN
A s d ir e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r ie ty o f w a r eh ou sin g duties w hich r e q u ir e
an understandin g o f the e s t a b lis h m e n t 's stora ge p la n . Work in v o lv e s m o s t
o f the f o llo w in g : V e r ify in g m a t e r ia l s (or m e r c h a n d i s e ) against r e c e iv in g
d o c u m e n t s , noting and r e p o rt in g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and ob v iou s d a m a g e s ; routing
m a t e r i a l s to p r e s c r i b e d st o ra g e lo c a t io n s ; storin g , stackin g, o r pa lletizin g
m a t e r i a l s in a c c o r d a n c e with p r e s c r i b e d s tora g e m et h o d s; r e a r ra n g in g and
t a k i n g in ven tor y o f st o re d m a t e r i a l s ; exam inin g st o re d m a t e r i a l s and
r e p o r t in g d e t e r io r a t io n and d a m ag e; r e m o v in g m a t e r i a l f r o m st o ra g e and
p r e p a r in g it f o r shipment. May op er a te hand o r p o w e r tr u ck s in p e r f o r m in g
w ar eh ou sin g duties.
Exclude w o r k e r s w hose p r i m a r y duties in volve shipping and r e c e i v ­
ing w o r k (s e e Shipping and R e c e iv in g C lerk and Shipping P a c k e r ) , o r d e r fillin g
(s e e O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r operating p o w e r tr u ck s (see P o w e r - T r u c k O p e ra to r ).

O p e ra te s a m a nu ally c o n t r o ll e d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d tru ck
o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t g ood s and m a t e r i a l s o f all kinds about a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a nu factu ring plant, o r o th er e sta b lis h m e n t.
tr u c k ,

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d by type o f p o w e r as f o l l o w s :
F o r k lif t o p e r a t o r
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r (oth er than for k lift)

G UARD AND W A T C H M A N
G u a r d . P e r f o r m s routine p o li c e d u ties , eith er at fix ed post o r on
to u r , m ain taining o r d e r , using a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
Includes
g ua rds who a r e stationed at gate and c h e c k on identity o f e m p l o y e e s and
o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .

O RD ER F I L L E R
F il l s shipping o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r fin ish ed g oods f r o m stored
m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d a n c e with s p e c if i c a t io n s on s a le s slip s, c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r oth er in s t ru ct io n s .
May, in addition to fillin g o r d e r s and in d i­
c a ti n g it e m s fill e d o r om itted, keep r e c o r d s o f outgoing o r d e r s , r equ isition
additional stock o r r e p o r t short supplies to s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m oth er
r e la t e d duties.
SHIPPING P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s finished p r o d u c ts f o r shipment o r stora ge by p la cin g them
in shipping c o n t a in e r s , the s p e c if i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d being dependent
upon the ty pe, s i z e , and n um ber o f units to be pa ck ed, the type of contain er
e m p lo y e d , and m ethod o f shipm ent.
Work r e q u ir e s the p la cing o f it e m s in




P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R

23

W a tch m an . M ak es rounds o f p r e m i s e s
p r o p e r t y against f i r e , theft, and i l l e g a l en try.

periodically

in p r o te c tin g

JANIT OR, P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R
C lean s and k eep s in an o r d e r l y con d ition f a c t o r y w ork in g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , apartm en t h ou s e, o r c o m m e r c i a l
o r oth er e s t a b lis h m e n t .
Duties in v olv e a c o m bin a tion of the f o l l o w i n g :
Sweeping, m op pin g o r sc r u b b in g , and p olish in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g c h ip s , tr a s h ,
and oth er r e f u s e ; dusting equip m ent, fu rn itu r e , o r f ix tu r e s ; polish in g m e t a l
f ix tu r e s o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id in g su pplies and m i n o r m ain tenance s e r v i c e s ;
and clean in g la v a t o r i e s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s who s p e c ia liz e
in w in dow w ashin g are e x c l u d e d .

Available On Request—
Th e f o llo w in g a r e a s a r e s u r v e y e d p e r io d ic a lly f o r u s e in a d m in is te r in g the S e r v ic e C o n tr a c t
a v a ila b le at n o c o s t fr o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l o f fi c e s show n on the b a ck c o v e r .
A la s k a
A lb a n y , Ga.
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G
B o is e C ity , Idaho
B r e m e r t o n , W ash.
B r id g e p o r t , N o rw a lk , and S ta m fo r d , Conn.
B r u n s w ic k , Ga.
B u r lin g to n ,

V t . —N . Y .

C a pe C o d , M a s s .
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R
C h a r le s to n , S .C .
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G
C h e y e n n e , W yo.
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A
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S
E l P a s o , T e x ., and A la m o g o r d o —Las C r u c e s , N. M ex.
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F r e d e r ic k — a g e r s to w n , M d.— h a m b e r s b u r g , P a .—
H
C
M a r tin s b u r g , W. V a.
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H
G re a t F a lls , M ont.
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H a r ris b u r g —L eb anon, Pa.
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A
K
O
K n o x v ille , T en n.
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A ct

of

1965.

S u rv e y r e s u lts a r e p u b lish ed

in r e le a s e s w h ich , w h ile su p p lies

la s t ,

a r e o r w ill be

L o g a n s p o rt—P e r u , Ind.
L o ra in —E ly r ia , O hio
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M a n s fie ld , O hio
M a rq u e tte , E s ca n a b a , Sault Ste. M a r ie , M ich .
M cA lle n —P h a r i—E d inburg and B r o w n s v ille —
H arlin gen —
San B e n ito , T e x .
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K
G
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M o n tg o m e r y , A la.
N a sh v ille —D a vid son , T en n.
New B ern —J a c k s o n v ille , N.C.
N ew London—N o rw ich , C on n.— .I.
R
N orth D akota, State o f
O rla n d o , F la .
O xnard—Sim i V a lle y —V en tu ra , C a lif.
Panam a C ity , F la .
P a r k e r s b u r g —M a rie tta , W. V a.— hio
O
P e o r ia , 111.
P h o e n ix , A r iz .
P in e B lu ff, A r k .
P o c a t e llo —
Idaho F a lls , Idaho
P o r ts m o u th , N .H.—M aine—M a s s .
P u e b lo , C olo..
P u e rto R ic o
R e n o , N ev.
R ich lan d — en n ew ick—W alla W alla—
K
P e n d le to n , W ash.— re g .
O
R iv e r s id e —San B e r n a rd in o — n t a r io , C a lif.
O
S alin a, K ans.
S alinas—S e a sid e —M o n te r e y , C a lif.
Sandusky, O hio
Santa B a rb a ra —
Santa M a ria —L o m p o c , C a lif.
Savannah, Ga.
S e lm a , A la .
Sherm an— e n is o n , T e x .
D
S h r e v e p o rt, La.
Sioux F a lls , S. Dak.
Spokane, W ash.
S p r in g fie ld , 111.
S p r in g fie ld — h ico p e e —H o ly ok e, M a s s .— onn.
C
C
S tock ton , C a lif.
T a c o m a , W ash.
Tam pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F la .
T o p e k a , K ans.
T u c s o n , A r iz .
T u ls a , O kla.
V a lle jo —F a ir fie ld —Napa, C a lif.
W aco and K ille e n —T e m p le , T ex .
W a te r lo o — e d a r F a lls , Iowa
C
W est T e x a s P la in s
W ilm in gto n , D e l.—N .J.— d.
M

An annual r e p o r t on s a la r ie s f o r a c c o u n ta n ts , a u d it o r s , c h ie f a c c o u n ta n ts , a t t o r n e y s , jo b a n a ly s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l, b u y e r s , c h e m is t s , e n g in e e r s , e n g in e e r in g t e c h n ic ia n s , d r a ft e r s , and
c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s is a v a ila b le .
O r d e r as B L S B u lle tin 1891, N ational S u rv e y o f P r o f e s s io n a l, A d m in is t r a tiv e , T e c h n ic a l, and C l e r i c a l P a y , M a rch 1975. $ 1 .3 0 a c o p y , fr o m any o f the BLS r e g io n a l sa le s
o f fi c e s show n on the b a ck c o v e r , o r fr o m the S u p erintenden t o f D o cu m e n ts , U.S. G ov e rn m e n t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington, D .C . 20402.




Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t o f th e la t e s t a v a il a b l e b u lle t in s o r b u lle t in s u p p le m e n t s is p r e s e n t e d b e lo w .
A d i r e c t o r y o f a r e a w a g e s t u d i e s i n c l u d i n g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c t e d a t t h e r e q u e s t o f t h e Employment!
S ta n d a rd s A d m in is t r a t io n o f th e D e p a r tm e n t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t.
B u lle t in s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m a n y o f th e B L S r e g io n a l o f f i c e s sh o w n o n th e b a c k c o v e r .
B u l l e t i n s u p p l e m e n t s may be
o b t a in e d w it h o u t c o s t , w h e r e in d ic a t e d , f r o m B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s .

A rea

A k ron , O hio, D e c. 1 9 7 5 _________________________________________________________________
A lban y— ch en ectad y—T r o y , N .Y ., Sept. 1975 *_________________________________________
S
A n ah eim —
Santa Ana—G arden G ro v e , C a lif., O ct. 19 7 5 1______________________________
A tlanta, G a., M ay 1 9 7 6 _ ________________________________________________________________
A u stin , T e x ., D ec. 1 9 7 5 1 ________________________________________________________________
B a ltim o re , M d., A ug. 1975 1 ____________________________________________________________
B illin g s , M ont., July 1 97 5_______________________________________________________________
B ingham ton, N .Y .—P a ., July 1975 . _____________________________________________________
B irm in g h a m , A la ., M ar. 1976*____________ - ____________________________________________
B oston , M a s s ., A u g. 1 9 7 5 1______________________________________________________________
B u ffa lo , N .Y ., O ct. 1 9 7 5 1_________________________________________________________________
Canton, O hio, M ay 1 97 6__________________________________________________________________
C h attanooga, Tenn.— a., Sept. 1975 1__________________________________________________
G
C h ica g o , 111., M ay 1976 _________________________________________________________________
C in cin n ati, O hio—
Ky.— d ., M ar. 1976__________________________________________________
In
C levela n d , O hio, Sept. 19 7 5 _____________________________________________________________
C olu m b u s, O hio, O ct. 1975*______________________ - _____________________________________
C orp u s C h ris ti, T e x ., July 197 5_______________________________________________________
D a ll a s - F o r t W orth , T e x ., O ct. 1 9 7 5 1 _________________________________________________
D avenport—R ock Island— olin e , Iowa—
M
111., F e b . 1976________________________________
D ayton, O hio, D ec. 1975____________________________________________________ !____________
D aytona B ea ch , F la ., A ug. 1975-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------D en ver—B o u ld e r , C o lo ., D e c. 1975_____________________________________________________
D e tr o it, M ic h ., M a r. 1 9 7 6 1 _____________________________________________________________
F o r t L a u d erd a le—H ollyw ood and W est P a lm B each—
B oca Raton, F la ., A p r. 1976__________________________________________________________
F r e s n o , C a lif., June 1976— - ____________________________________________________________
G a in e s v ille , F la ., Sept. 1975 ___________________________________________________________
G reen Bay, W is ., July 1976_____________________________________________________________
G r e e n s b o r o -W in s t o n -S a le m -H ig h P oint, N .C ., Aug. 197 5________ _____________________
G re e n v ille — partan burg, S .C ., June 1 9 7 6 1____________________________________________
S
H a rtford , Con n., M a r. 1976_____________________________________________________________
H ouston, T e x ., A p r. 1 9 7 6 _______________________________________________________________
H u n tsville, A la ., F eb . 1976 _____________________________________________________________
In d ian ap olis, Ind., O ct. 1975 1 __________________________________________________________
J a ck s o n , M is s ., F eb . 1 9 7 6 ______________________________________________________________
J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., D ec. 1975 __________________________________________________________
K ansas C ity, M o.—K an s., Sept. 19 7 5 ___________________________________________________
L exin gton — a y ette, K y., N ov. 1975 1_______ - ___________________________________________
F
L o s A n g e le s —Long B ea ch , C a lif., O ct. 1 9 7 5 * _________________________________________
L o u is v ille , Ky.—
Ind., N ov. 1975 _______________________________________________________
M elb ou rn e—T itu s v ille —C o c o a , F la ., A ug. 1 9 7 5 _________________________________________
M em p h is, Tenn.— r k .—M is s ., N ov. 1975
A
____________________________________________
* Prices are d e te rm in e d b y th e G o v e rn m e n t P rin tin g O ffic e and are s u b je c t to change.
1 D a ta on esta b lis h m e n t pra c tic e s and s u p p le m e ntary w age pro visio ns are also presented.
2 T o be surveyed.




B u lle t in n u m b e r
and p r ic e *

1 8 5 0 -8 0 ,
185 0 -6 3 ,
1 8 5 0 -7 5 ,
1 9 0 0 -3 0 ,
1 8 5 0 -8 3 ,
185 0-6 2,
185 0-4 6,
1 85 0-5 0,
1 9 0 0 -1 1 ,
185 0 -5 8 ,
1 8 5 0 -6 9 ,
1 9 0 0 -2 8 ,
1 85 0-6 7,
1 9 0 0 -3 2 ,
1 9 0 0 -7 ,
1 85 0-6 4,
1 8 5 0 -7 8 ,
1 85 0-3 7,
18 5 0 -5 9 ,
1 9 0 0 -2 5 ,
1 8 5 0 -7 3 ,
1 8 5 0 -4 7 ,
1 8 5 0 -8 2 ,
1 9 0 0 -1 5 ,

45 cen ts
ITT.20
85 cen ts
85 cen ts
75 c e n ts
$ 1 .3 (7
65 cents
65 cents
95 cen ts
$ 1 .5 0
95 cen ts
55 ce n ts
85 cents
$ 1 .0 5
75 ce n ts
$ 1 .3 0
95 cen ts
65 cents
$ 1 .5 0
55 cen ts
45 cen ts
65 cen ts
75 cen ts
$ 1 .2 5

1 9 0 0 -2 0 ,
1 9 0 0 -2 9 ,
1 85 0-5 7,
1 9 0 0 -3 7 ,
1 85 0-4 9,
1 9 0 0 -3 6 ,
1 9 0 0 -1 4 ,
1 9 0 0 -2 6 ,
1 9 0 0 -1 7 ,
185 0-6 6,
1 9 0 0 -8 ,
185 0 -8 1 ,
1 85 0-5 5,
1 8 5 0 -8 4 ,
1 8 5 0 -8 6 ,
1 8 5 0 -7 9 ,
1 85 0-5 4,
1 8 5 0 -8 5 ,

55 cen ts
55 cents
$ 1 .1 0
55 cen ts
65 cents
85 cents
55 cen ts
85 cen ts
55 cen ts
95 cents
55 cen ts
45 cents
80 cents
75 cen ts
$ 1 .1 5
45 cents
65 cents
45 cen ts

A rea

Bulletin number
and price ♦

Miami, F la ., Oct. 1975____ ________________________________________________________ 1850-76,. -95 cents
Milwaukee, W is., Apr. 1976
_________________________________________ ----------------- 1900-2 2. 85 cents
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn.— is., Jan. 1976
W
_______________________ __________ 1900-3, f f c e a *
Nassau-Suffolk, N .Y., June 1976__ ______________________________________ __________ 1900-35, 85 cents
Newark, N.J., Jan. 1976
__;_______ __________________________________ __________ 1 9 0 0 - 1 0 , 85 cents
New Orleans, La., Jan. 1976 ___________________________________________ __________ 1900- 2 , 75 cents
New York, N .Y .-N .J., May 1975 1 _________________________________________________ T851T-45, $ j.T 0
Norfolk—
Virginia Beach-Portsm outh, Va.—
N.C., May 1976*____________ __________ 1900-27; 85 cents
Norfolk—Virginia B each-Portsm outh and Newport News—
Hampton, Va.— C ., May 1976 1_______________________________________ __________ 1900-3 3, 85 cents
N.
Northeast Pennsylvania, Aug. 1975 _____________________________________ __________ 1850-52, 63 cents
Oklahoma City, Okla., Aug. 1975..__________________________ ___________ __________ 1850-51, 65 cents
Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa, Oct. 1975__________________________________________ __________ 1850-56, $1.10
Paterson— lifton-P assaic, N.J., June 197 5 1___________________________ __________ 1850-38, gO ceats
C
Philadelphia, Pa.—
N.J., Nov. 1975 __________________ ,___________________ __________ 1850-65, 85 cents
Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 1976 1___________ ,_________________________________ __________ 1900- 1 , $1715
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1975_________________________ «.___________________ __________ 1850-72, 45 cents
Portland, Oreg.—
Wash., May 1975 ____________________ '_____ . ___________ __________ 1850-40, <7$ cents
Poughkeepsie, N .Y., June 19751 _______ 1_______________________________ __________ 1850-70, 65 cents
Poughkeepsie—
Kingston-Newburgh, N.Y., June 1975*__________________ __________ 1850-68, 75 cents
Providence—
Warwick—
Pawtucket, R.I.— ass., June 1*176
M
___________ ----------------- 1900-31, 757snt#
Raleigh-Durham, N.C., Feb. 1976 ______________________________________ __________ 1900-18, 55 cents
Richmond, Va., June 1976__________________- ______________________________________ 1900-34, 65 cents
St. Louis, Mo.—
111., Mar. 1976*_________________________________________ __________ 1900-19, $1.25
Sacramento, C alif., Dec. 1975_ __________________________________________________ 1850-87, 15 cents
_
Saginaw, M ich., Nov. 197 5______________________________________________ __________ 1850-71, 35 cents
Salt Lake City—
Ogden, Utah, Nov. 1975*_______________________________ __________ 185Q-74, 75 cents
San Antonio, Tex., May 1976 __________________ -_______ :_______________ ............. ....... 1900-23, 6$“cents
San Diego, Calif., Nov. 197 5____________________________________________ __________ 1850-77, £5 cents
San Francisco-O akland, C alif., Mar. 1976______________________________ __________ 1900-9, 95 cents
San Jose, Calif., Mar. 1976_____________________________________________ __________ 1900-13, 75 cents
Seattle—
Everett, Wash., Jan. 1976 ______________________________________ __________ 1900-6, 65 cents
South Bend, Ind., Mar. 1976____________________________________________ __________ 1900-5, 55 cents
Stamford, Conn. 1 2 ______________________________________________________
Syracuse, N.Y., July 1975______________________________________________ _________ \__ 1 8 5 0 - 4 3 , 6 5 c e n t s
Toledo, Ohio— ich ., May 1*176 __ ______________________________________ __________ 1900-24, 55 cents
M
Trenton, N.J., Sept. 1975* ______________________________________________ ......................... 1 8 5 0 - 6 0 , $ 7 . 2 0
Utica—Rome, N .Y., July 1975*__________________________________________ ............... ......... 1 8 5 0 - 4 8 , 8 0 c e n t s
Washington, D.C.—
Md.— a., Mat. 1976__________________________________ __________ 1900- 12. 85 cents
V
W estchester County, N. Y., May 197 5 1.- .________________________________ ______________ 1 8 5 0 - 5 3 ,^ 8 0 c e n t s
Wichita, Kans., A pr. 1976______________________________________________ ---------------- 1900-21, 55 cents
W orcester, M ass., Apr. 1976___________________________________________ ---------------- 1900-16, 55 cents
York, Pa., Feb. 1976____________________________________________________ ---------------- 1900-4. 55 cents

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region I
Region II
1603 JFK Federal Building
Suite 3400
Government Center
1515 Broadway
Boston, Mass. 02203
New York, N.Y. 10036
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
C onnecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Inlands

Region III
3535 Market Street,
P.O. Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 597-1154 (Area Cade 215)
Delaware
D istrict of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St., N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)
Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
M ississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Region V
Region VI
Regions VII and V III
Regions IX and X
9th Floor, 230 S. Dearborn St.
Second Floor
Federal Office Building
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Chicago, III. 60604
555 Griffin Square Building
Box 36017
911 W alnut St., 15th Floor
San Francisco, C alif. 94102
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)
Illin o is
X
Indiana
V III
IX
VII
Arkansas
Alaska
Michigan
Iowa
Colorado
Arizona
Louisiana
Montana
C alifornia
Idaho
Minnesota
Kansas
New Mexico
Oregon
North Dakota
Hawaii
Missouri
Ohio
Oklahoma
Washington
Nebraska
South Dakota
Nevada
W isconsin
Texas
Utah
Wyoming





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102