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Area Wage Survey
Providence-Warwick-Pawtucket, Rhode IslandMassachusetts, Metropolitan Area, June 1976
Bulletin 1900-31
U.S. Department of Labor




Preface
T h is b u lletin p r o v id e s r e s u lts o f a June 1976
su r v e y o f o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s in the P r o v id e n c e —
W a rw ick —P aw tu ck et, R h o d e Islan d— a ss a ch u s e tts ,
M
Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a (the follow in g
a r e a s in R h ode Islan d: C en tra l F a lls , C ra n ston ,
E ast P r o v id e n c e , P aw tu ck et, P r o v i d e n c e , and
W o o n so ck e t c it ie s , and eight tow ns in P r o v id e n c e
County; N a rr a g a n se tt, N orth K in gstow n , and South
K ingstow n tow n s in W ash ington County; W a rw ic k c ity
and th r e e tow n s in Kent County; a ll o f B r is t o l County;
and Ja m estow n tow n in N ew port County; and in
M a s s a c h u s e tts : A ttle b o r o c ity and sev en con tigu ou s
tow n s in B r is t o l, N o r fo lk , and W o r c e s t e r C o u n tie s ).
The su r v e y w as m ade as pa rt o f the B u reau o f L a b or
S t a t is t ic s ' annual a r e a w age s u r v e y p r o g r a m , w h ich
is d es ig n e d to y ie ld data fo r in d iv id u al m e tro p o lita n
a r e a s as w e ll as n ation a l and r e g io n a l e stim a te s fo r
a ll Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tistic a l A r e a s in the
United S tates, ex clu d in g A la sk a and H aw aii.
A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in the a rea w age
s u r v e y p r o g r a m is the n eed to d e s c r ib e the le v e l and
m ov em en t o f w a g es in a v a r ie ty o f la b o r m a rk e ts ,
th rou gh th e a n a ly s is o f (1) the le v e l and d istrib u tion
o f w ag es by o c cu p a tio n , and (2) the m ov em en t of
w a g es by o c cu p a tio n a l c a te g o r y and s k ill le v e l. The
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p s in fo rm a tio n that m ay be u sed fo r
m any p u r p o s e s , in cluding w age and s a la ry a d m in ­
is tr a tio n , c o lle c t iv e b a rg a in in g , and a s s is ta n c e in
d eterm in in g plant lo c a tio n . S u rvey r e s u lts a ls o a re
u se d by the U.S. D epartm en t o f L a b o r to m ake w age
d e te rm in a tio n s u nder the S e r v i c e
C on tract A c t
o f 1965.
C u r re n tly , 81 a r e a s a r e in clu d ed in the p r o ­
g ra m . (See lis t o f a r e a s on in sid e b a ck c o v e r .)
In
each a r e a , o c cu p a tio n a l earn in g s data are c o lle c te d




annually.
In form a tion on e sta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s
and su p p lem en ta ry w age b e n e fits is obtain ed e v e ry
th ird y e a r .
E a ch y e a r a fter a ll in div idu al a r e a w age
su r v e y s have been c o m p le te d , two su m m a ry b u lletin s
a r e is s u e d .
T h e fir s t b r in g s to g e th e r data fo r each
m e tro p o lita n a re a su r v e y e d ; the se co n d p r e s e n ts
n ation al and r e g io n a l e s t im a te s , p r o je c t e d fr o m
individu al m e tro p o lita n a re a data.
T h e P r o v id e n c e — a rw ick —P aw tucket su r v e y
W
w as con d u cted by the B u r e a u 's re g io n a l o ffic e in
B o s to n , M a s s ., u nder t h e ! g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n o f
P au l V . M u lk ern , A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l C o m m is s io n e r
f o r O p e ra tio n s.
T h e su rvey ; cou ld not have been
a c c o m p lis h e d w ithout the c o o p e r a tio n o f the m any
fir m s w h ose w age and s a la r y data p r o v id e d the b a s is
fo r the s t a tis tic a l in fo rm a tio n in th is b u lletin .
The
B u reau w ish e s to e x p r e s s s in c e r e a p p re c ia tio n fo r
the c o o p e r a tio n r e c e iv e d .

Note:
R e p o r ts on o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s in the
P r o v id e n c e — a rw ick —P aw tucket a r e a a re a v a ila b le
W
fo r laun dry and d ry clea n in g (June 1976), and m ovin g
and s to ra g e (June 1976) in d u s tr ie s . A ls o a v a ila b le
a r e lis tin g s o f union w age r a te s fo r bu ildin g t r a d e s ,
p rin tin g t r a d e s , lo c a l-t r a n s it op era tin g e m p lo y e e s ,
lo c a l t r u c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s , and g r o c e r y s to r e
e m p lo y e e s .
F r e e c o p ie s o f th e s e a r e a v a ila b le fr o m
the B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o f f i c e s .
(See b a ck c o v e r fo r
a d d r e s s e s .)

A rea W age Survey:

Bulletin 1900-31

August 1976

P ro v id e n c e -W a rw ic k - Pawtucket,
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, W. J. Usery, Jr., Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS, Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

Rhode Is la n d -M a s s a c h u s e tts ,
M etropolitan A rea, June 1976

Contents

Page

Page

I n tr o d u c tio n _______ „_________________________________

2

T a b les— Continued
A.

T a b le s :
A.

E a rn in gs:
A -l.
W eekly ea rn in gs o f o ffic e
w o r k e r s _____________________________
A - l a . W eek ly ea rn in gs o f o ffic e
w o r k e r s — r g e e sta b lis h m e n ts____
la
A -2 .
W eekly ea rn in gs o f p r o fe s s io n a l
and te c h n ic a l w o r k e r s _____________
A -2 a . W eek ly ea rn in gs o f p r o fe s s io n a l

3
5

and t e c h n i c a l w o r k e r s - l a r g e

A -3 .

A -3 a .

A -4 .

A -4 a .

A -5 .

e s ta b lis h m e n t s _____________________ 7
A v e ra g e w eek ly earn in g s o f o f f ic e ,
p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l
w o r k e r s , by s e x ___________________
8
A v e ra g e w eek ly earn in g s o f o f f ic e ,
p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l
w o r k e r s , by sex— r g e
la
e s ta b lis h m e n t s _____________________ 9
H ou rly earn in gs o f m a in ten an ce,
t o o lr o o m , and pow erp lan t
w o r k e r s _____________________________ 10
H ou rly earn in g s o f m a in ten a n ce,
t o o lr o o m , and pow erplant
w o r k e r s —la r g e e sta b lis h m e n ts____11
H ou rly earn in g s o f m a te r ia l
m ov em en t and cu s to d ia l
w o r k e r s _____________________________ 12




E arn in gs— Continued
A -5 a . H ou rly earn in g s o f m a te r ia l
m ov em en t and c u s to d ia l
w ork ers— rge
la
e s t a b lis h m e n t s ____________________
A - 6.
A v e ra g e h ou rly ea rn in g s o f
m a in ten a n ce, t o o lr o o m ,
p ow erp la n t, m a te r ia l
m o v e m e n t, and c u s to d ia l
w o r k e r s , by s e x __________________
A - 6a. A v e ra g e h ou rly earn in g s o f
m a in ten a n ce, t o o lr o o m ,
p ow erp la n t, m a te r ia l
m o v e m e n t, and c u s to d ia l
w o r k e r s , by sex— r g e
la
e s t a b lis h m e n t s ____________________
A -l.
P e r ce n t in c r e a s e s in a v e r a g e
h o u rly earn in g s fo r s e le c te d
o c cu p a tio n a l g ro u p s , a d ju sted
fo r em p loym en t sh ifts _____________

A pp endix A .
A pp endix B.

14

15

16

17

S cope and m ethod o f s u r v e y ________ 18
O ccu p a tion a l d e s c r ip t i o n s _________ 21

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing
O ffice, Washington, D. C. 20402, GPO Bookstores, or BLS Regional
Offices listed on back cover. Price 75 cents. Make checks payable to
Superintendent o f Documents.




Introduction
(c ) m a in ten a n ce, t o o lr o o m , and p ow erp la n t, and (d)
m a te r ia l m o v em en t and c u s to d ia l.
In the 31 la r g e s t
s u r v e y a r e a s , ta b les A - l a th rough A - 6 a p r o v id e
s im ila r data f o r e sta b lish m en ts e m p loy in g 500 w o r k ­
ers or m ore.

This a r e a is 1 o f 84 in w hich the U.S.
D ep a rtm en t o f L a b o r 's B u reau of L a b or S ta tistics
con d u cts s u rv e y s o f o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and r e ­
la ted b e n e fits.
In this a r e a , data w e r e obtain ed by
a com b in a tion of p e r s o n a l v is it , m a il q u e stio n n a ire ,
and . telep h on e in te rv ie w .
R e p re se n ta tiv e e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts w ith in s ix b roa d in d u stry d iv is io n s w e re c o n ­
ta cte d :
M an u fa ctu rin g; tra n sp orta tion , c o m m u n ic a ­
tion ,
and oth er p u b lic u tilitie s ; w h o le sa le tr a d e ;
r e ta il tr a d e ; fin a n ce, in s u r a n ce , and r e a l esta te;
and s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r in d u stry grou ps e x clu d e d fr o m
th e s e stu d ies a r e g ov ern m en t op era tion s and the
c o n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u str ie s .
E s ta b lis h ­
m en ts having fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d n u m ber of
w o r k e r s a r e om itted b e c a u s e o f in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y ­
m en t in the occu p a tion s studied.
S ep arate ta bu la­
tion s a r e p r o v id e d f o r ea ch of the b r o a d in d u stry
d iv is io n s w h ich m eet p u b lica tio n c r it e r ia .

T ab le A -7 p r o v id e s p e r c e n t changes in a v ­
e r a g e h ou rly ea rn in g s o f o ffic e c le r i c a l w o r k e r s ,
e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s i n g
w o r k e r s , in d u stria l
n u rses,
s k ille d m a in ten an ce tra d es w o r k e r s , and
u n sk illed plant w o r k e r s .
W h ere p o s s ib le , data a re
p r e s e n te d f o r a ll in d u s tr ie s , m a n u factu rin g , and
n on m an u fa ctu rin g.
This ta ble p r o v id e s a m e a s u r e o f
w age tren d s a fte r e lim in a tio n o f ch a n g es in a v e r a g e
ea rn in g s ca u se d by em p loy m en t sh ifts am ong e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts as w e ll as tu r n o v e r o f e sta b lish m en ts in ­
clu d ed in s u r v e y sa m p le s .
F o r fu rth e r d e ta ils , see
appendix A .
A p p en d ixes

A - s e r i e s ta b les
A p p en d ix A d e s c r ib e s the m ethods and c o n ­
ce p ts u se d in the a rea w age s u r v e y p r o g r a m and
p r o v id e s in fo rm a tio n on the s c o p e o f the su rv e y .

T a b le s A - 1 th rough A -6 p ro v id e estim a te s
o f s tr a ig h t-tim e w eek ly o r h o u rly earn in gs fo r w o r k ­
e r s in occu p a tion s c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty of m anu­
fa c tu r in g and n onm an ufacturin g in d u strie s .
O ccu p a ­
tion s w e r e s e le c t e d fr o m the fo llo w in g c a t e g o r ie s :
(a) O ffic e c le r i c a l, (b) p r o fe s s io n a l and te ch n ica l,

A p p en d ix B p r o v id e s jo b d e s c r ip t io n s u sed
by B u reau fie ld e c o n o m is t s to c la s s ify w o r k e r s by
o ccu p a tion .

2

A. Earnings
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Providence—Warwick—Pawtucket, R.I.—Mass., June 1976
Number of w orkers receiving straight-tim e we ekly earnings of—

W eek ly earnings 1
(standard)
Number

Occupation and industry division
workers

s

S

A v era g e
w eek ly
h ours1
(standard)

M edian 2

M id d le ran g e2

S
90

90

s

S

$

s

S

S

$

s

S

s

S

S

s

s

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

140

15U

1

t>o

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

24 0

100

105

n o

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

over

29
5
24

65
44
21
4

73
36
37

190
84
106
1

164
89
75

227
140
87
5

123
56
67
1

120
72
48

66
37
29
5

51
26
25
6

19
11

15
9
6
1

15
10
5
5

28

-

88
65
23
6

8

Under
M ean 2

S

S

s

I

10

3

5

-

5

13

11

8

7

2

3

14
10

4
-

4

4

7
2
5

5
5
*

9
6
3

1
**
1

8
3
5

1
1

and
under
95

and

ALL WORKERS
$

$

$

1*311
700
611
37

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .5
3 7 .5

1 5 8 .5 0
1 6 0 .0 0
1 5 7 .0 0
1 8 8 .5 0

1 5 2 .0 0
1 5 5 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0
1 9 8 .0 0

1 3 6 .0 0 - 1 7 5 .0 0
1 3 9 .5 0 -1 7 8 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0 -1 7 2 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0 -2 0 0 .0 0

75

SECRETARIES -------m a n u f a c t u r i n g --n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --PUBLIC UTILITIES

3 9 .0

1 8 7 .0 0

1 9 5 .0 0

1 5 5 .0 0 -2 1 2 .5 0

328
198
130

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

1 7 1 .0 0
1 7 0 .0 0
1 7 2 .5 0

1 7 3 .0 0
1 7 5 .0 0
1 7 2 .0 0

1 5 0 .0 0 -1 8 7 .5 0
1 4 8 .0 0 -1 9 0 .0 0
1 5 3 .5 0 -1 8 7 .5 0

SECRETARIES* CLASS A
SECRETARIES* CLASS 8 —
MANUFACTURING ------NONMANUFACTURING ----

$
•
-

•
-

-

-

-

18
1
17

13
3
10

7
4
3

-

-

*

*

-

-

-

.

•

-

*

-

-

-

"

*

•

-

-

•

•

-

-

SECRETARIES* CLASS C
MANUFACTURING ----n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --

410
204
206

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

1 5 8 .0 0
1 6 1 .5 0
1 5 5 .0 0

1 5 3 .0 0
1 5 8 .0 0
1 5 1 .0 0

1 3 9 .0 0 -1 7 3 .0 0
1 4 6 .0 0 -1 7 8 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0 - 1 6 9 .0 0

SECRETARIES,

class d
manufacturing —
nonmanufacturing —

498
249
249

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

1 4 6 .0 0
1 4 5 .0 0
1 4 7 .5 0

1 4 1 .0 0
1 4 4 .5 0
1 4 0 .0 0

1 2 7 .5 0 -1 5 5 .0 0
1 3 3 .0 0 - 1 5 5 .5 0
1 2 6 .5 0 - 1 5 3 .0 0

s te no gr a ph er s * general
manufacturing
nonmanufacturing

230
54
176

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .5

1 2 6 .5 0
1 2 5 .5 0
1 2 6 .5 0

1 2 5 .5 0
1 2 0 .0 0
1 2 6 .5 0

1 1 0 .0 0 -1 4 0 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0 -1 3 5 .0 0
1 1 2 .5 0 -1 4 0 .0 0

-

67

3 8 .5

1 5 3 .5 0

1 5 0 .0 0

1 4 4 .0 0 -1 6 2 .0 0

-

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

1 3 7 .5 0
1 3 8 .0 0
1 3 7 .0 0

1 3 0 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0

1 2 2 .5 C -1 4 0 .0 0
1 2 3 .0 0 -1 4 0 .0 0
1 2 1 .5 0 -1 4 0 .0 0

•

•

-

NONMANUFACTURING —

120
56
64

-

TYPISTS* CLASS B --manufacturing —
nonmanufacturing •

382
112
270

3 8 .0
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

1 2 3 .5 0
1 2 2 .5 0
1 2 3 .5 0

1 1 5 .0 0
1 1 5 .5 0
1 1 3 .0 0

1 0 4 .5 0 -1 3 2 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0 -1 2 9 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0 - 1 3 * .5 0

3

11

-

-

3

11

FILE CLERKS, CLASS B
nonmanufacturing -

153
121

3 8 .0
3 7 .5

1 1 1 .5 0
1 1 1 .0 0

1 1 1 .0 0
1 1 1 .0 0

1 0 3 .0 0 -1 2 0 .0 0
1 0 1 .0 0 -1 2 0 .0 0

1
1

10

FILE CLERKS, CLASS C —

83

3 8 .0

9 6 .5 0

9 4 .0 0

9 6 .0 0

m e s s e n g e r s ----------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------

89
66

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

1 2 0 .0 0
1 1 8 .0 0

1 1 2 .0 0
1 1 1 .0 0

s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s b --n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --- ----------

91
73

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

1 2 0 .5 0
1 2 1 .0 0

213
134
79

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

251
205
366
156
210

s te no gr a ph er s , senior

—

TYPISTS. CLASS A
MANUFACTURING —

SWITCHB0AR0 OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSmanufacturing —
nonmanufacturing

ORDER CLERKS --manufacturing

---

ACCOUNTING CLERKS* CLASS A
MANUFACTURING--- ---NONMANUFACTURING

* W o r k e r s w e r e d is trib u te d as fo llo w s :

4

*

-

4

11
11
-

17
9
8

33
20
13

35
25
10

29
9
20

63
29
34

46
33
13

36
26
10

2
1
1

3
1
2

10
8
2

18

62
24
38

51
24
27

84

45
34
11

33
28
5

4

5
5

42

38
21
17

4

14

13

14

*

SI

12
9

4
4

-

-

8
8

6
1
5

-

-

•

.

-

-

-

-

10
1
9

7
2
5

2
1
1

22
4
18

43
25
18

44
21
23

103
43
60

70
39
31

105
72

*

10
1
9

20
5
15

14
2
12

47
12
35

28
1
27

17

-

-

1

12
11
1

3
2
1

-

4

42

33

24
27

3

-

17

.

18

8

-

3

-

5

2
1
1

8

20
2

▼

-

▼
«P

-

-

*

15

15

3

•

3

.

.

.

.

.

-

-

-

-

▼

•

-

-

2
1

-

3

-

*

*

*

17

-

4

4

-

-

T

-

-

4
1
3

1
1
-

*

6

•

.

-

-

-

•

3
3

-

-

-

6

1
1
-

*

-

*

*

3
2
1

-

-

-

*

-

8

1
1

1

•

•

*

*

1
1

5
4

9
1

3
3

1
1

-

3
3

6
4

22

3
3

2

35
27
8

30
22

•

9

5

12

13

-

-

-

-

-

9

5

12

13

46
25
21

14

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

5

-

13

21

.

.

2

-

-

—

-

*

“

*

2

6
4
2

9
9
*

16
2
14

7
6
1

45
19
26

15
5
10

5
5
*

31
2
29

52
23
29

50
13
37

33
19
14

33
12
21

28
7
21

28
5
23

25
14
11

11

31

8

16
16

20
16

24
18

28
17

15
14

22
22

10
3

4
4

*14

28

23

2

10

1

3

-

2

1 0 2 .0 0 -1 3 0 .0 0
9 9 .0 0 -1 2 8 .0 0

1
1

12
12

5
4

12
10

5
3

13
11

6
3

5
3

7
5

1 2 0 .0 0
1 2 1 .0 0

1 1 2 .0 0 -1 3 0 .0 0
1 1 3 .0 0 -1 3 0 .0 0

•

*

17
12

3
1

6
6

5
5

26

-

1
1

22

1 2 7 .5 0
1 2 9 .5 0
1 2 4 .5 0

1 2 8 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0

1 1 0 .0 0 -1 4 0 .0 0
1 1 2 .0 0 -1 * 0 .0 0
1 0 7 .5 0 -1 4 0 .0 0

.

4

-

4

*

5

33
23
10

11

-

26
12
14

11

-

11
6

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 4 0 .5 0
1 4 3 .5 0

1 3 0 .0 0
1 3 4 .0 0

1 1 2 .0 0 -1 5 2 .5 0
1 1 2 .0 0 -1 6 1 .5 0

•
*

6
6

6
4

20
19

12
8

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

1 6 3 .5 0
1 6 2 .5 0
1 6 4 .0 0

1 6 0 .0 0
1 6 1 .5 0
1 5 7 .0 0

1 3 9 .0 0 - 1 8 5 .0 0
1 4 4 .0 0 -1 7 6 .0 0
1 3 0 .5 0 -1 9 8 .5 0

-

.
-

1

-

3

1

9 2 .5 0 -

1 at $ 8 0 to $ 8 5 ; and 13 at $ 8 5 to $ 9 0 .

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




*

8

3

39
8

17

3

3

3
3

-

-

4
1
3

28

•

.

-

-

-

-

*

3
3
“

•

.

T

-

-

*

*

«P

*

*

_

28
•

*

•

•

2

T

_

*

-

2

•

*

*

•

•

.

▼

-

.

•
-

.
*

▼

.
*

*

4

-

4

*

13
13

*

-

3

2

a
l

-

2

2

7

2

8

8

3

3

17
6
11

1

-

-

-

34
27

14
11

16
12

6
5

37
29

19
7

25
23

11
9

3
3

3
3

7
7

15
15

9
1

9
1

22

39

14

4

47
38
9

22

8

49
34
15

20
16

8

35
6
29

24

3

15
5
10

38

-

50
1
49

15
1
14

3
19

*

-

8

29
17
12

1

3
3

2
2

17

9

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Providence—Warwick—Pawtucket, R.I.—Mass., June 1976— Continued
N um ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e w e e k ly ea rn in g s o f—

W e e k ly e a r n in g s 1
(s ta n d a r d )

um ber

Occupation and industry division

S

A v era g e
w e e k ly

of
orken

houn1
(s ta n d a rd )

M ean *

M e d ia n £

M id d le r a n g e *

S

s

S

S

$

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

$

$

S

S

S

90
U nder
anu
S
under
90
95

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

1**0

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

100

105

no

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

over

-

31
1
30

16
7
9

43
26
17

44
33
11

62
20
42

51
15
36

66
36
30

68
41
27

11

4

22

1

8

8

49
38
11
5
3

9
5
4
1
1

33
1
32
32
*

-

3

48
33
15
7
5

35
35
*

4
4

30

116
80
36
8

-

*

73
48
25
4
11

*

•
*

•

-

-

3

-

3

2

1

9

7

22

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

11

8

1

-

5

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

9
*

42
42

4
4

1
1

1
1

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
748
384
364
88
115

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0
3 7 .5
3 9 .5

$
1 3 3 *00
1 3 1 .5 0
1 3 5 .0 0
1 8 1 .5 0
1 1 5 .0 0

1 2 8 .5 0 i 1 3 . 0 0 - f 4 8 . 0 0
1 3 0 .0 0 1 1 6 .0 0 - 1 4 5 .0 0
1 2 5 .5 0 1 1 2 .0 0 - 1 5 4 .0 0
1 8 5 .0 0 1 8 1 .0 0 - 1 9 0 .5 0
9 4 . 0 0 - 1 2 B .0 0
1 1 2 .0 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -----------------------------

50

3 8 .0

1 A 0 .0 0

1 4 5 .0 0

1 3 0 .0 0 - 1 5 0 .0 0

-

-

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------

54

3 8 .5

1 1 9 .5 0

1 1 8 .0 0

1 0 1 .0 0 - 1 2 3 .5 0

-

8

-

8

8

1

.

-

.

•

“

*

*

5
5

*
“

2
2

14
2
12

31
22
9

6
6
-

17
10
7

23
20
3

30
23
7

23
18
5

41
22
19

38
27
11

34
26
6

7
2
5

17
16
1

3
2
1

12
11
1

5
1
4

2
2
*

12
2
10

4
1
3

11
6
5

27
15
12

36
22
14

47
36
11

19
15
4

5
3
2

3
1
2

9
7
2

1
1
-

19
11
8

-

46
16
30

17
4
13

50

12

35

22

40
29

2

1

4

36

82
66
16

1

11

78
43
35

2u
16

13

39
24
15

1

2

1

4

ACCOUNTING CLERKS, CLASS B —
--m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------

BILLING-MACHINE BILLERS -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------

69
58

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 3 5 .0 0
1 3 2 .5 0

1 3 5 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0

1 2 5 .0 C - 1 3 6 .0 0
1 3 0 .5 0 - 1 3 6 .0 0

-

PAYROLL CLERKS ----- ---------------MANUFACTURING ----- -------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

320
217
103

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

1 3 6 .5 0
1 3 8 .5 0
1 3 1 .5 0

1 3 0 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0

1 1 6 .0 0 - 1 5 3 .0 0
1 1 8 .0 C - 1 5 3 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0 - 1 4 7 .0 0

1
1

9
3
6

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A —
—
MANUFACTURING ----- ------ ------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

199
122
77

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .0

1 3 8 .5 0
1 3 8 .5 0
1 3 8 .5 0

1 3 0 .0 0 1 2 4 .0 0 - 1 4 4 .5 0
1 3 0 .5 0 1 2 5 .0 0 - 1 4 3 .6 0
1 2 5 . CO 1 2 0 .0 0 - 1 4 7 .0 0

•

.

-

-

-

*

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ------MANUFACTURING -------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------

453
245
208

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

1 2 4 .0 0
1 2 8 .5 0
1 1 9 .5 0

1 2 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 - 1 3 9 .0 0
1 3 0 . 0C 1 1 7 .0 0 - 1 4 2 .5 0
1 1 4 .0 0 1 0 3 .5 0 - 1 3 2 .0 0

25
9
16

13

-

2

11

See footnotes at end of tables.




4

2

35

4

-

3

•

-

-

-

-

2

3

6
6

3

-

_

-

1
1

*

1
1

-

-

-

-

2
2

Table A-1a. Weekly earnings of office workers—large establishments in Providence—Warwick—
Pawtucket, R.I.—Mass., June 1976
W e e k ly e a r n in g s

1

N um ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e w e ek ly earning s o f--

(s ta n d a r d )
N um ber
O c c u p a tio n

a n d

in d u s tr y

d iv is io n

95

w e e k ly

of
w orkers

S

S

A vera ge
h ou rs1
M e d ia n 2

(s ta n d a rd

M id d le r a n g e 2

Under

S
95

100

105

S

S

s

no

115

120

S
125

S
130

S

s
135

140

s
145

$
150

S

s

$
155

160

165

S

$
170

180

s
190

1 ---200

and
under
100

all

S

S

210

and
105

no

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

170

180

190

200

210

1
1

9
3
6

7
4
3

10
5
5

31
23
8

23
8
15

47
24
23

57
28
29

59
32
27

58
27
31

84
41
43

66
41
25

62
27
35

46
29
17

80
51
29

58
45
13

42
26
16

30
17
13

46
27
19

_

3
2
1

1

-

1

1
1

”

6
5
1

1

-

*

1

3
1
2

8
4
4

16
9
7

18
15
3

22
8
14

6
1
5

44
23
21

29
22
7

27
20
7

12
8
4

18
9
9

2
1
1

2
1
1

3
1
2

4
2
2

14
4
10

21
10
11

25
9
16

21
9
12

24
11
13

44
17
27

28
15
13

14
6
8

22
15
7

27
22
5

24
19
5

10

6
4
2

15
8
7

7
2
5

2
1
1

6
4
2

26
21
5

9
4
5

20
9
11

31
19
12

35
22
13

25
11
14

24
15
9

17
10
7

23
11
12

18
13
5

9
6
3

4
4
*

6
1
5

2
1
1

3

-

3

-

-

-

-

2
1
1

1
1
-

•

28
•
28

-

-

4
1
3

3
3
-

workers

s e c r e t a r i e s ----------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------N U N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------

816
459
357

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

$
1 6 0 .5 0
1 6 2 .0 0
1 5 8 .0 0

$
1 5 5 .5 0
1 5 8 .0 0
1 5 2 .5 0

$
$
1 4 1 .0 0 -1 7 6 .0 0
1 4 2 .0 0 -1 7 9 .5 0
1 4 0 .0 0 -1 7 0 .5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S R --------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------

215
127
88

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

1 7 5 .5 0
1 7 7 .0 0
1 7 3 .0 0

1 7 5 .0 0
1 7 7 .0 0
1 7 1 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C — ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------- —

306
158
148

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

1 5 9 .0 0
1 6 2 .5 0
1 5 5 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S D --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------N U N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------

265
155
110

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

stenographers, general

-

-

-

-

1 5 7 .5 0 -1 9 0 .0 0
1 5 5 .5 0 -1 9 1 .0 0
1 6 0 .5 0 -1 8 5 .5 0

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 5 3 .0 0
1 5 8 .5 0
1 5 1 .0 0

1 4 1 .0 0 -1 7 2 .0 0
1 4 7 .0 0 -1 7 8 .0 0
1 3 7 .0 0 -1 6 0 .0 0

-

.
-

-

-

*

1 4 5 .5 0
1 4 4 .5 0
1 4 6 .5 0

1 4 4 .5 0
1 4 3 . 0C
1 4 5 .0 0

1 3 4 .0 0 -1 5 8 .0 0
1 3 1 .5 0 -1 5 6 .0 0
1 3 4 .0 0 -1 5 9 .0 0

-

-

1
1

-

-

1 2 8 .5 0

1 3 0 .0 0

1 1 5 .0 0 -1 4 0 .0 0

5

5

8

9

15

10

16

14

21

22

14

10

7

4

14

31
2
29

33
11
22

24
2
22

33
7
26

17
3
14

30
12
18

26
7
19

16
5
11

12
12

7
2
5

D
l
4

7
3
4

2

18
16

24
18

20
17

15
14

22
22

5
3

3
3

1
1

.

i

1

.

•

-

•

.

.

i

*

“

-

*

-

1
1

,

-

T

*

*

------------- ------------

166

3 6 .0

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S B ---------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U P I N G ----------------------------------

295
61
234

3 7 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .0

1 2 5 .5 0
1 2 7 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0

1 1 8 .5 0
1 2 1 .5 0
1 1 5 .5 0

1 0 4 . 5 0 - 1 3 5 . u0
1 1 0 .O C - 1 3 2 .5 0
1 0 4 .0 0 -1 3 5 .0 0

F I L E C L E R K S , C L A S S B ------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------

138
121

3 7 .5
3 7 .5

1 1 1 .0 0
1 1 1 .0 0

1 1 0 .0 0
1 1 1 .0 0

1 0 2 .0 0 - 1 1 9 .5 0
1 0 1 .0 0 -1 2 0 .0 0

11
9

16
16

-

14

_

-

-

-

2

-

6
6
-

”

*

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

67

3 8 .0

1 2 0 .0 0

1 1 5 .0 0

1 0 2 .0 0 -1 3 1 .0 0

*9

5

7

4

8

6

3

7

4

1

4

5

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

O R D E R C L E R K S -----------------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------------------

148
133

3 9 .o
3 9 .0

1 4 3 .0 0
1 4 4 .3 0

1 2 6 .0 0
1 2 4 .0 0

1 0 8 .0 0 -1 6 6 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0 -1 7 1 .5 0

6
6

6

20
19

9

16
16

7
7

9

5
4

2
1

2
1

4

10

7t

7

4

9

i

7

2

3
3

4

2

3
3

?

8

5
4

7

4

a c c o u n t i n g c l e r k s , c l a s s a --------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---- ---------- — —
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

168
68
100

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

1 6 6 . 5C
1 5 5 .5 0
1 7 3 .5 0

1 6 1 .5 C
1 5 6 .5 0
1 9 8 .5 0

1 4 0 .0 0 -1 9 8 .5 0
1 4 0 .5 0 -1 6 3 .5 0
1 3 9 .5 0 -1 9 8 .5 0

-

•

1
1

9

14

5
3
2

8
5
3

10
6
4

8
6
2

8
6
2

11
8
3

47

*

47

3
1
2

6
2

“

15
6
9

6
6

*

8
5
3

a c c o u n t i n g c l e r k s , c l a s s b — --- -—
m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------

305
112
193

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

1 3 6 .5 0
128.00
1 4 1 .5 0

1 2 7 .0 0
1 2 5 .5 0
1 2 3 .0 0

1 1 5 .5 0 -1 5 0 .5 0
1 1 1 .5 0 -1 4 5 .0 0
1 1 « . 0 0 -1 7 5 .0 0

4
1
3

10
7
3

29

9

10
2

21
10
11

12
7
5

4
2
2

6
3
3

4

18
1
17

31

2
2

8
5
3

*

*

P A Y R O L L C L E R K S ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

102
74

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

1 3 3 .5 0
1 3 0 .5 0

1 3 0 .0 0
1 2 6 .5 0

1 1 6 .0 0 -1 5 0 .0 0
1 1 3 .0 0 -1 4 7 .0 0

6
3

13
7

.

4

2
1

-

2

2
1

2
1

*

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

115
73

3 8 .5
3 9 .5

1 4 1 ).0 0
1 3 6 .5 0

1 3 4 .0 0
1 3 4 .0 0

1 2 2 .0 0 -1 4 7 .0 0
1 2 6 .0 0 -1 4 4 .0 0

1

1
1

*

7
7

1
1

a

*

3

*

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S 8 -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

167
128

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

1 2 7 .0 0
1 2 8 .5 0

1 2 7 .0 0
1 2 7 .0 0

1 1 6 .0 0 -1 4 2 .5 0
1 1 6 .0 0 -1 4 2 .5 0

1

.

.

-

.

-

.

MESSENGERS

* W orkers w ere distributed as follow s:
** W orkers w ere distributed as follow s:

4

8

-

1
1

-

-

8
3
5

11
7
4

15
11
4

26
8
18

36
7
29

34
15
19

2
2

5
5

4
4

8
5

3
3

14
13

-

-

2
2

9

2

1
1

11
6

3
3

5
2

12
5

7
4

17
12

16
11

-

1 at $85 to $90; and 8 at $90 to $95.
4 at $210 to $220; and 13 at $230 to $240.

See footnotes at end of tables.




5

9

9

5

20

17
10
7

5
4

8
7

6
2

6
5

6
6

5
i

6
6

8
6

15
10

16
10

9
9

10

*
b

4
3

24
19

25
14

10

9

7

1

42
36

c

7

i

7

9

8

9

7
6

-

T

31

2
**17
17

4

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Providence—Warwick—
Pawtucket, R.I.—Mass., June 1976
W eek ly earnings 1
(standard)
Number
of
w o ik e n

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of-----

S

$

S

A vera ge
w eek ly
hours*
(standard'

s

$

13 0

s

s

s

S

$

$

S

s

$

S

$

S

S

$

$

M ean *

M edian t

M id d le ranged

13b

14 0

15 0

160

17 0

18 0

19 0

200

210

220

23o

240

250

260

270

280

290

300

310

14 0

15 0

16 0

170

180

19 0

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

290

300

310

over

1

Occupation and industry division

5

3

4

Under and
S
under
13 0

135

ALL
COMPUTER

WORKERS

PROGRAMMERS

(BUSINESS),

$

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS),
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------------------------------------ww“

U 1

v ' t K A I U H ov

LLAj j

n

68

38.5

OJ

1t

K jl

v

LA j j

A

" "

*"™

1

237.00

$

'$

211.50-265,30

*

*

*

*"

On

*

3

1

5

5

6

7

8

6

160.00-173.00

10

j

14

1
1

134.00-144*00

140.00

1
218.50

5
1

59
40.0

216.00

XJ

8

2 0 0 . 0 0 - 2 3 6 . U0
200.00-232.00

1
8
8

S4

17

163.0C-206.30

See fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




*

1

}

85

U K n r

242.50
19'

*

$

6

1

10

4
1

1

-

Table A-2a. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers—large establishments
in Providence—Warwick—Pawtucket, R.I.—Mass., June 1976
N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earning s of—

W eek ly earnings 1
(standard)
Number
of
w orkeR

Occupation and industry division

S

1

A vera ge
w eek ly
Ho u r *
(standard]

130
M ean 2

M edian 2

M id d le ra n g e2

ALL

CL*--"

135

S

*

145

14 0

S
150

S

S
160

170

180

$
19 0

s

S

$
200

210

220

S
230

S

s

S
240

250

260

S
270

(BUSINESS),

PROGRAMMERS

140

145

150

16 0

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

24o

250

260

270

280

290

(BUSINESS),

$

$

$

$

A

COMPUTER

248,00

1

1 6 7 . 0C

152.00-173.00

° 11
V, 1 UK l l ’ u

200.00-243.00

"0

1

1
1
1

•-

See footnotes at end of tables.




290

300

'I

310

and

WORKERS

PROGRAMMERS

I '

*

280

and
under
135

COMPUTER

S

7

B
8

8

300

310

over

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex.
in Providence—Warwick—Pawtucket, R.I.—Mass., June 1976
A verage
(m e a n 2 )

A v e ra g e
(m e a n 2 )

Sex, 3

occupation, and industry division

OFFICE

OCCUPATIONS

-

Number
of
w orken

W eek ly
hours 1
[standard)

W eek ly
earn in gs1
(standard)

Number
of
w o ik en

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

WOMEN

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
WOMEN— CONTINUED

$
158.50

W eek ly
hours *
(standard)

W eek ly
earnings *
(standard)

A verage
(m e a n 2 )

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
WOMEN— CONTINUED

-

Number
of
w o ik e n

W eekly
hours 1
[standard)

$

$

698
_

18 8* 50

38

•

W eek ly
earnings 1
(standard)

5

73
SWITCHBOARD

o p e r a t o r

-r

e c e p t i o n i s t s

-

213

39.0

127.50
' ^ U r t iilw n M L

171.00

ANU

1 t w n r iiC A L

79

i t vnCi

1

i l j i

L L A i j

iu v n t

1A K

IC i t

LL Aj j

172.50

n

v

L/

206
, c\r*

U K U tK

L L u K i 'i

231

—

158.00
161.00
37.5
38.5

A v w U U ri | IN U

v L L ''i' j i

LL A jo

/<i P i l ,y/>

A1 1#>/>

343

A

„

161.00

146.00
,

249

v

243.00

-

88
107

125.50
126.50

176
38.5

153.50

40.C
38. C

137.50
138.00
137.00

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE

59
39.0

251.00

114.50
73

OPERATORS*

40.0

140.00
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE

7 0
/ A

OPERATORS*
119.50
39 a j
A 0 .0

123.00
122.50
123.50

r IL L

v t t K I> i ♦

'- L L n iV j 9

v L A b i

L -L A j j




tJ

L

•

r

'

am

38.0
37.5

m

* ” * ■ ■ ” * "

83

CLERKS

----------------------------------------------------------

96.50

307

39.5

136.50
139.00
131.50

111.50
111.00

38.0

131.50
132.50
OCCUPATIONS

PAYROLL
r IL t

194
12 0

8

A
*0

38.5
39.5
37 . C

137.50
139.00
134.50

LU” r U

1L K

U r C .K A

1U K 1 1

-

WOMEN

v L Aj j

38

O

57

5

162

or

190.50
100.00

Table A-3a. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex—larg$ establishments
in Providence—Warwick—Pawtucket, R.I.—Mass., June 1976
A vera ge

A v e ra g e

Sex,

3occupation,

OFFICE

and industry division

OCCUPATIONS

-

W eek ly
hours 1
(standard)

W eek ly

39.5
38.0

$
160.50
162.00
158.00

88

39.5
38.0

304
156

38.5
39.5

365
155

39.0
39.5

CLASS

38.0

W eek ly
hours 1
(standard)

W eek ly
earnings 1
(standard)

Sex,

37.5
39.5

137

and industry division

«. n 1 . rw.
uA
ry

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

W eek ly
earnings 1
(standard)

$

37.5

143

39.0

125.50
127.00

SECRETARIES,
95

107
19 1

9

3occupation,

Number
of
workers

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUEO
294
61

See footnotes at end of tables.




Number
of
workers

-

128.50

n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g

9%

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
WOMEN— CONTINUED

145.50
144.50
146.50

166

SECRETARIES,

and industry division

158.50
162.00
155.00

CLASS

NONMANUFACTURING

3occupation,

175.50
177.00
173.00

457

SECRETARIES,

Sex,

earnings 1
(standard)

WOMEN

A vera ge
(m e a n 2 )

(mean2 )

(mean2 )
Number
of
workers

39.5

CLASS

127.00

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
O C CU PA TI ON S - MEN

57

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in Providence—Warwick—
Pawtucket, R.I.—Mass., June 1976
N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings

O c c u p a t i o n a n d industry division

----- s----- $
----- s
s----- s----- s----- s----- I----- 1----- f ---- 5----- s---- s----- S

Number
of

3 . A0
2

M edian 2

M iddle range 2

Under
S

ALL
ma i n t e n a n c e

m a n u f a c t u r i n g
n o n m a n u f a c t u r i

$
A . 76
A . 78
A . 75

$
A . 86
A . 88
A.A5

$
A . 13A . 20A . 00-

$
5.25
5.15
5.26

37A
319
55

5.72
5.69
5.8 A

5.A6
5.36
5.71

A.51A.A35.66-

MANUFACTURING
n o n m a n u f a c t u r i

m a n u f a c t u

A . 60

A . 80

5.00

5.20

5 . A0

5.60

5.80

6.00

6.20

6 . A0

6.60

6.80

7.00

7 . A0

7.80

8.20

A.A0

A . 60

A . 80

5.00

5.20

5 . A0

5.60

5.80

6.00

6»2o

6.A0

6# 60

6 .8 0

7.00

7 t Afl 7 . 8 0

8.20

over

-

•

-

1

-

-

and
under
3.60

anrt
3 t 80

A . 20

12
8
A

3
3
-

30
9
21

16
12
A

15
2
13

8
A
A

2A
19
5

21
19
2

1A
3
11

11
11
-

12
2
10

9
1
8

2
2
-

n
n

5
5

26
26
-

32
32
-

9
8
1

6
6
-

27
16
11

A1
A1

-

21
21
-

27
26
1

37
18
19

12
6
6

18
16
2

5
3
2

2

21

11

2

21

11

6
6

5
5

6
6

A8
A8

A1
A1

27
27

39
39

13

5
A

6
6

2

20
20

6.65
7.00
6.36

A12
367

5.88
5.90

5.71
5.62

5.185.08-

3
3
3

6.28
6.28

-----------------------------—
n g
------------------n g
-----------

e l e c t r i c i a n s

MAINTENANCE

s----- s----- s----- 5---- ff----- s----- s----- r

A.A0

WORKERS

c a r p e n t e r s

ma i n t e n a n c e

3.80

A . 20

©
o

a.Ao

3.60

A . 00

M A C H I N I S T S ---------------r i n g
-------------------------

MAIN TE NA NC E M E CH AN IC S (MACHINERY) M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

620
307

5.15
A.58

5.50
A . A3

A.A33.87-

5.71
5.22

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
( M O T O R V E H I C L E S ) ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

230
73
157
1A6

5.97
5.03
6.38

5.75
5.22
5.98
5.86

5.22A . 135.755.75-

90
90

A . 87
A . 87

A.A5
A.AS

A.25A . 25-

51
51

A . 98
A . 98

A . 25
A . 25

A . 15A . 15-

-

11

13
13

5.38
5.38

M I L L W R I G H T S -------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

1
1
-

19
19

6.36
5.31
7.68
7.68

MAINTENANCE PIPEFITTERS
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------

1
1

5.A6
5.A6

6. A
0

MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPERS
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

116
102

A . 03
3.72

3.67
3.58

3.5A3.5A-

3.90
3.82

TOOL AND OIE M A KE RS
MANUFACTURING —

525
525

6.06
6.06

6.22

6 .2 2

5.595.59-

116

5.81

5.72

5.72-

3.98
3.95

3.65
3.65

3.523.51-

A . 12
A . 07

2
2

6
6

11
11

25
25

17
17

ENGINEERS

B O I L E R T E N D E R S ---MANUFACTURING -

11
*11

AA
AA

20
20

6.20

107
98

-

13
13

12
-

3
3

62
62

3
A5
AS

16
16

1

5
1

17
17

* W orkers w ere at $ 3.20 to $ 3.40.

10

3

A
A

37
37

A0
37

67
61

6
A
2
-

36
36
-

9
2
7
7

-

3
3

A
A

A
A

6
6

6
6

A
A

1
1

1
1

88
A3

29
29

298

10
10

-

2
2
-

13
-

13

-

20
20

6
6

8
7

3

1

63

7

-

1
1

2A
2A

-

•

-

-

-

-

32
32
-

18
18

25
25
-

9
9

6
6

5
6

1
1

A
A

26
26

60
60

3A
3A

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

10

61
61

3

39
39

3

18

-

1

•

-

2

56

1
1

30
30

13
1
12
8

10

28
28

3A

19
19

3A
3A

-

2
6
6

-

5
2
3
-

1
1

_

2

6

•

2
2

7
7

6

2A

-

-

63
63

1
1

5
A
A

32
32

-

6
6

1
-

-

8
6
2
-

-

-

12
12

1
1

See footnotes at end of tables.




-

-

-

6.58
6.58

STATIONARY

11

18
18

1

5

5

59
59
9

152
152
18

38
38
1

8

8

A
A

-

Table A-4a. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers—large establishments
in Providence—Warwick—Pawtucket, R.I. —Mass., June 1976
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s re ceiving straig ht -t im e ho u r l y ea r n i n g s of—

Hourly earnings *

O c cu p a tio n

a n d

in d u s tr y

3 .1 0

d iv is io n

M ean 2

M e d ia n 2

M iddle range 2

3 .2 0

4
3 .5 0 . 0

3 .640. 4

3 . 8 0

0 4 . 2 0

4
3 .7 0 . 8

0

4 . 6 0

0

5 .0 U

5 . 2 0

5 . 4 0

5 . 6 0

5 . 8 0

6 . 0 0

6 . 2 0

6 . 4 0

6 . 6 0

6 .8 0

an d

3,30

-

-

3 .4 Q 3 , 5 0

-----------------------------------------------------------

9 3

5 . 6 9

$

5 * 3 8

$

3*60 3 , 7 0

3.80

4 , 0 0

4 . 2 0

4 . 4 0

4 . 6 0

4 . 8 0

5 . 0 0

5 . 2 0

5 . ^ 0

5 . 6 0

5 . 8 0

6 . 0 0

6 . 2 0

6 . 4 0

6 .6 0

6 . 8 0

o v e r

-

-

5 . 0 0 “

$

-

MECHANICS

(MACHINERY)

W M N U rA v1UK1WU

M ANUr A v * U H 1 ‘’ u

" "

-

90

4 .1 0

3 . 8 2

3 . 7 0 -

-

1

5 . 9 8

4 . 3 7

3

1

4

14

3

4

2

3

9

3
3

5
4

2
2

10
8

16
16

4
4

13
13

9

-

-

3
3

13
13

28
28

3
3

21
21

12
12

i
i

10
10

-

-

4
4

.

*

*

32
32

28
28

-

-

-

2
2

2
2

-

1
1

9

-

2
2

7
7

26
26

10
10

2
2

11
11

9

" "

S e e footnotes at en d of tables.




3

4
4

2
2

1

6
10
10

1

MAINTENANCE

3 .4 0

WORKERS
$

m a n u f a c t u r i n g

3 .3 0

and
under

3 .2 Q

ALL

* --------1-----1------- 5------- S------ $------- 5------- 5------ $------- $------ $------- 1------- 5------ 1------- 5------ 5------

-$---------s----- s------- s------- s------- %------- $—

Number

11

.
-

-

-

2

-

6

11
11

5
3

29
29

6
6

26
26

•

-

-

-

*

6
6

.

-

*

*

*

2
-

22
22

40
40

35
35

41
41

42
42

38
38

16
16

-

•

9

*

*

9

*

*

-

6
6

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Providence—Warwick—
Pawtucket, R.I. —Mass., June 1976
Hourly

earnings

4

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s receiving st ra ight-time h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of-

1 --- 1 --- 3

Number

O c c u p a t i o n a n d industry division

workers

M e in 2

M e d ia n 2

M id d le range 2

S

S

5

5

S

s

s

S

s

S

S

S

s

S

s

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 . 0 0

3 . 2 0

$
3 .4 0

3

.6 0

3 . 8 0

4 .0 0

4 . 2 0

4 . 4 0

4 . 6 0

4 . 8 0

5 . 0 0

5 . 2 0

5 . 4 0

5 . 6 o

6 . 0 0

6 . 4 0

6 . 8 0

7 . 2 0

7 . 6 0

2 . 6 0

2 . 8 0

3 .0 0

3 . 2 0

3 t * 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 . 0 0

4 .2 0

4 . 4 0

4 . 6 0

4 . 8 0

5 . 0 0

5 . 2 0

5 . 4 0

5 . 6 0

6 . 0 0

6 . 4 0

6 . 8 0

7 .2 0

7 . 6 0

8 .0 0

5 5

3 6

40

8

8 7

5 2 0

T

and
under
2 . 4 0

ALL

S

2 . 4 o

2 . 2 0

of

S

WORKERS
$

$

1 . 7 5 4

6 . 2 0

6 .8 0

4 . 9 0 “

7 . 7 3

-

-

12

13

2 4

•36

8 2

2 3

4 7

51

3 4

4 5

15 0

51

3 7 8

2 5

--------- ---------- --------------------------- ----------

4 8 7

4 . 6 6

4 . 1 1

3 . 5 0 “

6 . 2 2

-

-

12

9

11

3 6

82

2 3

3 3

51

3 4

21

13

6

4

1

5

13

51

7

50

2 5

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------------R E T A I L T R A D E --------------------------------------------------------

1 * 2 6 7

6 . 7 9

7 . 0 8

5 . 7 1 -

7 . 7 3

-

-

-

4

1 3

-

-

-

14

-

-

2 4

2 4

4 9

3 2

3 9

3

1 3 7

-

80

3 2 8

-

5 2 0

-

4 1 6

$

t r u c k d r i v e r s ------m a n u f a c t u r i n g

1 H vJvIvU K 1 V t K L .

------- -------

i Uti 1

7 1 3

7 . 4 4

7 . 7 3

7 . 0 8 -

7 . 7 3

-

-

-

-

-

1 5 0

5 . 6 0

6 . 4 9

5 . 3 5 -

6 . 4 9

*

•

“

“

13

3 7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

•

3

6

-

-

2 8 8

-

*

“

14

•

*

*

4

-

-

3 9

-

“

-

80

-

-

-

-

4 9

“

“

*

80

2 9 9

-

4 5 4

1

-

“

6

2 8

1 KU LiV

T R U C K D R I V E R S * M E D I U M T R U C K ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g

$

4 4 3

5 . 5 0

5 . 7 1

4 . 6 0 -

5 . 8 5

5

6

7

15

19

20

1 1 6

5 . 1 2

4 . 3 2

3 . 3 9 -

6 . 8 0

-

-

-

5

2

-

7

15

5

20

8

3

-

3 2 7

5 . 6 4

5 . 7 1

4 . 9 0 “

5 . 7 1

*

*

-

*

4

*

“

“

14

*

*

2 4

17

7 . 0 8 -

7 . 7 3

-

-

-

-

2

2

-

6

5

2

2

-

6

3 . 9 6 -

6 . 2 5

-

*

-

-

2

2

-

6

5

2

2

*

6

-------------------------------------------------

TRUCKDRIVERS* HEAVY TRUCK
( T R A I L E R ) ------------------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------- ---------------------------------

9 2 9

7 . 1 6

7 . 1 8

5 7

5 . 1 0

4 . 8 5

8

2 7

17

49

3 2

“

3

1 2 4

S

-

3 3

2

7

2 4

5

-

2

-

2 4

2

60

4 9

-

3
•

12 6

3 2

-

49

6 0

'

f • f J

TRUCKDRIVERS.

HEAVY

TRUCK

(O TH ER T H A N T R A I L E R )

------------------------------------

2 0 6

5 . 5 9

5 . 9 0

4 . 3 0 “

7 . 0 8

-

-----------------------------------------------------------

1 6 4

5 . 2 2

4 . 6 4

4 . 1 9 -

6 . 3 4

“

S H I P P I N G C L E R K S --------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------ ---------------- ------------------------------

1 6 1

3 . 8 4

3 . 4 7

3 . 2 4 -

4 . 3 5

1 4 4

3 . 7 4

3 . 4 5

3 . 2 4 -

4 . 3 5

R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S — --------- ----------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------------R E T A I L T R A D E --------------------------------------------------------

2 1 1

4 . 2 1

SHIPPING

----------------

-------------------------------------------------------------------------

---------------------------------------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING

MMNUr

AN0 R E C E I V I N G
A t 1U K ilN O

WAREHOUSEMEN

ORDER

FILLERS

NONMANUFACTURING

CLERKS

-

-

2

”

-

-

2

.

-

4

11

19

“

*

4

11

19

19

2

1

18

2 2

18

3

1

4

1

3

17

2 7

7

30

2 5

19

2

1

18

2 2

18

3

1

4

1

3

11

2 7

7

*

2 5

2 5

2 5

6

1

9

2 4

5

1

12

6

11

2

-

-

.

-

.

2 5

2 4

6

1

6

2 4

5

1

5

“*

11

2

*

“

•

**

*

3
-

4

2

-

-

-

-

2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

4 . 2 5

3 . 6 0 -

5 . 0 4

-

1

6

14

1 0 9

4 . 0 1

3 . 7 5

3 . 6 0 -

4 . 5 3

-

-

2

12

11
4

1 0 2

4 . 4 2

4 . 6 3

3 . 8 4 -

5 . 1 4

-

1

2

7

7 7

4 . 5 5

5 . 1 4

3 . 9 0 -

5 . 1 4

“

1

4
4

2

7

“

2 1 7

3 . 8 2

3 . 6 5

3 . 5 7 -

4 . 2 8

-

“

3

-

27

21

4 5

2 9 7

4 . 4 9

5 . 1 4

3 . 6 5 -

5 . 1 4

1

3

30

7 4 9

4 . 0 8

3 .7 1

3 . 3 0 -

4 . 8 9

5 2 6

4 * 4 8

4 . 8 9

3 . 7 1 -

4 . 8 9

.

41

2 5

3 8

4 2

40

10

8

8

11

31

6

14

21

9

18

-

4 7

8

2

31

3

2

14

8

8

-

12

5

10

10

12

-

1 2

7

1

10

-

3 5

3

“

3
3

2

*

1

10

•

3 5

19

9

2 3

18

4 5

-

-

7

3 8

19

13

21

6

11

1 8 9

33

3

8

73

4

-

2 4

-

”

-

-

-

“

“

1

1

1

1 5 6

3

-

13

1 1 2

1

13

1 1 2

-

“

“

“

7
-

1 0 1

-

-

7

9 6

5 3

-

1
•
1

17

*

13

13

1 3 9

2 8

13

-

1 5 6

“

2 6

2 2

2 6

2 2

16

3 . 5 8

3 . 2 5

3 . 0 5 -

3 . 9 5

10

76

3 6

11 7

2 4 7

2 5 0

13 0

37

1 0 6

4 6

5 9

27

-

1 * 0 5 5

3 . 4 4

3 . 2 5

3 . 0 6 -

3 .8 0

5

6 3

2 2

88

2 0 0

2 5 0

13 0

2 5

1 0 6

2 5

5 9

2 7

-

-------------------------------------------------

2 4 4

4 . 1 5

4 . 0 0

2 . 9 8 -

5 . 6 1

5

13

14

29

4 7

21

*

*

•

*

-

O P E R A T O R S ---------------------c t u r i n g
------------------------u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------

4 4 8

4 . 2 6

4 . 0 0

3 . 7 0 “

4 . 3 9

_

-

-

_

3 6

16

_

4

-

-

-

-

33
3

16

-

lu
10

n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g

m a n u f a

1 0 9

1 6 7

1 . 2 9 9

M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G L A B O R E R S -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------------------

n o n m a n

10

161

3

-

u
-------------------------------------------------

31

FORKLIFT

2 8

3

4

3
3

3 6 8

4 . 1 6

3 . 9 5

3 . 6 5 -

4 . 3 0

80

4 . 7 1

5 . 0 6

3 . 7 5 -

3
3

5 . 6 8

*

12

6 4

12

5 4

80

5 6

12

38

7 6

16

4

8

S e e footnotes at e n d of tables.




*

12

*

88
80
8

-

4

5

36

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

*
*

“

2 7

-

-

•

27

-

-

-

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Providence—WarwickPawtucket, R.I.—Mass., June 1976— Continued
N um ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e h o u rly earn in gs o f -----S
5
S
S
S
i
1
S
s
$

3.00

3.20

3.40

3.60

3.80

4.00

4.20

4.40

M ean 2

M id d le r a n g e 2

an d

3.80

4.00

4.20

4.40

4.60

4.80

31

10

6

18
16

25

22
15

28

o

5.00

5.20

5.40

5.00

5.20

5.40

5.60

6.Q0

50
11
39

-

12
4

1

-

%
6.00

s

s

T

1 ---------

6.40

6.80

T» 2 0

7.60

6.4fl 6 t8 Q

7.20

7.60

8.00

-

-

-

-

|

M e d ia n 2

4.8u

•

2.20

d iv is io n

o

in d u s t r y

r v j«
.
^

an d

•

O c c u p a tio n

o

S

i

O
vO
•

s

M I)
T

s

2.60

i
2.80

H o u rly e a r n in g s 4

N um ber

u n d er

2.40

2.6 0

2.80

3.00

3.20

3.40

3.60

966

179

44

24

37

•29

34

ALL WO R K E R S —
CONTINUED
$

$

n
o

1 1 1
o o c
n or

$
2.52
3*50

3.95

Jv

23

179

18

WATCHMEN!
77
JANITORS.

PORTERS.

AND

CLEANERS

---------

916

3.35
ji

j

3.18

2.85-

3.69

12

68
27

123

118

148
89

/

S e e footnotes at e n d of tables.




27

1

13

123
61

66

71

30

1
1

Table A-5a. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers—large establishments
in Providence—Warwick—Pawtucket, R.I.—Mass., June 1976
N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
"5-----1 -----"5----- "5----- i
S
"5----- S
I
T
T
S

H o u rly e a rn in g s

O c c u p a tio n

an d

in d u s tr y

d iv is io n

1 ----- 1 ----- 1 ----- S
2 . 6 0 2.70 2.80 2.90

of
w orkers

M ean 2

M e d ia n 2

M id d le r a n g e 2

U n d er

S
2.60

1 ----- 3 -----1 ----- J
5.20 5.40 5. 6q 5.80

3.10

3. 20

3.30

3.40

3 .6 0

3. 80

4 .00

4.20

4.40

4.60

4.80

5.00

3.00

3.10

3.20

3. 30

3.40

3.60

3 .8 0

4. 00

4 .2 0

4.40

4.60

4.80

5.00

5.20

5.40

5*60

5.80

6.00

o v e r

4
*

4
4

1
1

5
5

11
11

13
13

11
11

16
16

5
5

5
5

12
8

6
6

-

6
"

5
2

•

-

-

6
-

*5 0
50

-

an d
u n d e r

2.80

2.90

16 1
138

$
5.02
5.02

$
4.7o
4.54

$
3.943.82-

$
6.80
6.80

•
-

*

1
1

-

-

-

*

-------------------------

61

3.65

3.68

3.03-

4.14

1

1

5

3

-

8

1

3

1

5

9

6

4

1

3

9

-

1

-

-

-

W A R E H O U S E M E N ------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------- — -----

73
51

3.91
3.85

3.65
3.90

3.533.53-

4.27
4,27

•

1
1

•

•

-

•

•

•

-

-

-

21
21

-

-

1
-

5
-

1
-

-

-

6
6

.

-

7
-

•

-

30
22

-

-

1
1

O R D E R F I L L E R S ----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------- ----

125
111

3.55
3.31

3.25
3.18

2.802.80-

3.70
3.70

3
3

-

.

-

17
17

•

-

.

.

1

13

*

*

-

*

10
10

•

*

22
22

•

*

28
28

.

-

1
1

•

*

30
30

-

*

-

*

3.94
3.94

28
19

10
4

10
8

11
8

48
46

89
87

91
91

88
88

13
13

35
35

25
25

18
18

20
19

54
54

28
28

-

-

*

"

*

4.48
4.33

•

_

•

-

.

-

•

-

-

•

*

1
1

1

*

•
"

-

-

14
14

CLERKS

MAPlUr A v 1U K 1 W u
M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G L A B O R E R S ----- — —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------F O R K L I F T O P E R A T O R S -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --- ------------------GUARDS

AND

6.00

WORKERS

T R U C K D R I V E R S ------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------RECEIVING

l

3.00

2.70

ALL

S

C

602
570
12 0
115

3.45
3.46
4.03
3.98

3.25
3.25
4.08
4.08

-

“
_

-

“

• * 0 - A,

3.023.053.643.44-

3
3

23
23

3
3

34
34

11
11

27
27
16
16

*

10
10

7

4

-

-

“

*
-

WATCHMENJ

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

81

3.37

3.23

2.97-

3.77

-

7

5

-

9

13

1

10

1

7

8

4

9

6

*

1

-

*

-

*

-

*

J A N I T O R S * P O R T E R S * A N D C L E A N E R S ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g
---------------------

581
317
264

3.46
3.36
3.57

3.27
3.23
3.27

2.903.002.69-

3.76
3.70
4.76

16
8
8

74
7
67

24
22
2

19
13
6

31

16
12
4

75
62
13

58
19
39

38
35
3

35
10
25

55
40
15

18
14
4

16
14
2

19

18
15
3

27
1

37
37

•
-

4

1

-

_
-

-

1

-

-

* W o r k e r s w e re d istrib u te d as f o llo w s :

29
2

47 at $ 6 .8 0 to $ 7 ; and 3 at $ 7 to $ 7 .2 0 .

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




14

16

3

26

4

Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement
and custodial workers, by sex, in Providence—Warwick—Pawtucket, R.I. —Mass., June 1976
N um ber

S ex , 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv is io n

of
w orkers

A v era g e

(m e a n * )
h o u r ly

S ex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv is io n

Number
of
woikers

e a r n in g s 4

MAINTENANCE, t o o l r o o m ,
POWERPLANT OCCUPATIONS -

ma t e r i a l

and

mo v e m e n t

and

OCCUPATIONS

MEN
182

sO C L
O
rr
• •

MA I N 1LNANLC. L A^KfcN I fc.Kb • • • • • • • • • • • ■

5 *8 4

-

MECHANICS

(MACHINERY)

-

620

206
164

$
6 . 2 0 S H I P P I N G P A C K E R S ------------------------4.66 |
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------6.79
7 . 4 4 M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G L A B O R E R S ----------5.60
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------- ---3.47
3 . 4 5 F O R K L I F T O P E R A T O R S ---------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------- --------- NONMANUFACTURING —
—
— —
—
5.50
5.12
5.64 GUARDS AND WATCHMEN —
— — —
—
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------- --------7.16
w a t c h m e n :
5.10
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------7.29
7.46
JANITORS. PORTERS, AND CLEA NE RS —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------- --------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g
---------- ----- ---5.59
R E T A I L T R A D E ----------------------5.22

150
133
205
106
99
74

4.25
4.04
4.47
4.62

199
18 0

3.90
3.90

295
87

1 K U U xL /K l V t K o ♦ L 1 b n 1 | K U l*"
""
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------ ------------------— --------- -

4.50
3.70

374
13 0
244

4.20
3.51
4.57

138
118
443
116
327

5 .1 5
HEAVY

TRUCK
929
57
872
614

cl JU

TRUCKDRIVERS,

HEAVY

TRUCK

n A n U r A v 1U K lir u
51

“ t v t A V 1 Nv? v L L K I 'j * " " * " • " * *

***"■ *

*

525
j n i r r if iu
n«nur

A™U

I V I I tu vLL>tlNo
*■ "*••"**

a l i u k iiiu

*
*

98
U K U t“

r luLC.no

—

* ” * ”' * " ’

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .

15

"

"■

Number
of
workers

A vera ge
(m e a n 2 )
hourly
earnings4

3.90
3.80

1*754
487
1*267
713
ISO

mm

“ A rlU r A v 1U K l™ u " " "

TRUCKDRIVERS.




S e x , 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv is io n

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

cu s t o d i a l

MEN

5 • 88

MAINTENANCE

A vera ge
(m e a n 2 )
hourly
earnings4

353
308

$
3.75
3.83

1.294
1.050
244

3.58
3.44
4.15

448
368
80

4.26
4.16
4.71

1.311
126
1.185

2.53
3.51
2.42

77

3.52

784
464
320
69

3.36
3.33
3.41
3.21

O R D E R F I L L E R S ----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

375
93

3.96
2.61

SHIPPING PACKERS
MANUFACTURING

------------------------— —
--------- ----

449
432

2.63
2.60

JANITORS, PORTERS. AN0 CL EANERS —
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

132
102

3.28
3.32

MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS

AND CUSTODIAL
- WOMEN




Table A-6a. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom,
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers,
by sex—large establishments in Providence—Warwick—
Pawtucket, R.I.—Mass., June 1976
A v era g e
N um ber

Sex,

3

o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

of

h o u r ly

w orkers

, TOOLROOM,
OCCUPATIONS

m a i n t e n a n c e

POWERPLANT

-

A vera ge

(m e a n 2 )

N um ber

S ex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv is io n

of

AND
MEN

ma t e r i a l

mo v e m e n t

OCCUPATIONS

-

and

MEN—

e a r n in g s 4

cu s t o d i a l

CONTINUED

$

$

57
HA IN *

(m e a n 2 )
h o u r ly

w orkers

e a r n in g s 4

w 1 K 1 U 1 A N «>

93

5.69

152

5.62

90
88

A . 10
A . 04

66
6A
_ __

^

ii%i T

3.77
3.79

^

565
MAINTENANCE

MECHANICS

(MACHINERY)

-

m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------- ---------------------------

GUARDS

ma t e r i a l

mo v e m e n t

OCCUPATIONS

and

-

cu st odi al

AND

(JANITORS,

MEN

PORTERS,

NONMANUFACTURING
TRUCKDRIVERS

------------------------------------------------------------------------

16 1

mo v e m e n t

OCCUPATIONS
v / L C . K i '5

3.98

AND

CLEANERS

—

----------------------------- -------------------

A6A
289
175

3*49

117

3.32

3.68

5.02
ma t e r i a l

K tL t I * IN b

115

WATCHMEN:

AND CUSTODIAL
- WOMEN

" "

iJANlTORSt

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s.

16

PORTERS*

AND

CLEANERS

—

Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts,
in Providence—Warwick—Pawtucket,
R.I. —Mass., for selected periods
Industry and o c c u p a tio n a l gro u p
(m e n and w o m e n c o m b in e d )

M ay 1972
to
M ay 1973

M ay 1973
to
M ay 1974

M ay 1974 t o June 1975
13-m o n th
in cre a se

Annual rate
o f in c r e a s e

June 1975
to
June 1976

A ll in d u s t r ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ________________________________________
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s i n g _______ ________________
In d u stria l n u r s e s _______ ____ ______ ______________
S k illed m ain te n a n ce t r a d e s * * ______________________
U n sk illed plant w o r k e r s * * __________________ _____

5.6
*
5.0
6.6
5.5

6.0
*
6.5
6.1
8.8

8.8
7.6
8.5
8.9
7.4

8.1
7.0
7.8
8.2
6.8

6.8
6.6
5.5
8.2
8.2

M a n u fa ctu rin g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ____________ ___________
___________
__________
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s i n g _____ ______
In d u stria l n u r s e s _________________________ _________
S k illed m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s * * ______________________
U n sk illed plant w o r k e r s ** ____________________ ____

5.4
*
4.8
6.1
5.4

6.5
*
6.3
6.1
8.5

7.7
***
7.9
8.3
8.2

7.1
7.3
7.6
7.5

7.3
***
5.3
7.4
8.2

6.0
*
***
***

5.6
*
***
***
8.7

9.8
***
***
***

9.0
***
***
***
5.5

6.4
***
***
***
8.1

N onm an u factu rin g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l _______ _____ __________________ ___
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s i n g _________________________
In d u stria l n u r s e s ________________________
______
S k illed m ain ten an ce tr a d e s * * _____________
...
U nskilled plant w o r k e r s * * _________________________

*
**
***

5.8

6.0

Data not a v a ila b le .
P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s fo r p e r io d s ending p r i o r to 1976 r e la te to m e n o n ly .
Data do not m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r i a .

Footnotes
1 Standard h ou rs r e fle c t the w o rk w e e k fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th eir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t-t im e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ), and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d
to th ese w e e k ly h ou rs.
2 The m ean i s c om p u te d fo r e a ch jo b by tota lin g the e a rn in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d ivid in g by the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
Th e m e d ia n d e s ig n a te s p o s itio n — h a lf o f the e m p lo y e e s su rv ey ed r e c e iv e m o r e
and h alf r e c e iv e l e s s than the rate show n. The m id d le range is d e fin e d by 2 ra te s o f pay; a fou rth o f the w o r k e r s e a rn l e s s than the lo w e r o f th e s e r a te s and a fou rth e a r n m o r e than the h igh er rate.
E a rn in g s data r e la te o n ly to w o r k e r s w h ose s e x id e n tific a tio n w as p r o v id e d by the e sta b lis h m e n t.
4 E x clu d es p rem iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and late s h ift s ;




17

Appendix A
A r e a w age and re la te d b e n e fits data a re obtain ed by p e r s o n a l v is it s
o f B u reau fie ld r e p r e s e n t a t iv e s at 3 -y e a r in te r v a ls . 1 In each o f the in t e r ­
vening y e a r s , in fo rm a tio n on e m p lo y m e n t and o c cu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s is c o l ­
le c te d by a co m b in a tio n o f p e r s o n a l v is it , m a il q u e stio n n a ir e , and telep h on e
in te r v ie w fr o m e sta b lis h m e n ts p a rticip a tin g in the p r e v io u s s u rv e y .

d e s c r ib e d , o r fo r som e in d u stry d iv is io n s w ithin the s c o p e o f the su r v e y , a re
not p r e s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s , b e c a u se eith e r (1) em p loy m en t in the
occu p a tio n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it p re se n ta tio n , o r
(2) th e re is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l esta b lis h m e n t data. Sepa­
ra te m e n 's and w o m e n 's ea rn in g s data a re not p r e se n te d w hen the n um ber o f
w o r k e r s not id e n tifie d by s e x is 20 p e r c e n t o r m o r e o f the m en o r w om en
id e n tifie d in an o c cu p a tio n .
E a rn in gs data not show n se p a r a te ly fo r in d u stry
d iv is io n s a re in clu d ed in data f o r a ll in d u s tr ie s com b in ed .
L ik e w is e ,
data a re in clu d ed in the o v e r a ll c la s s ific a t io n when a . s u b c la s s ific a tio n o f
e le c t r o n i c s te c h n ic ia n s , s e c r e t a r ie s , o r t r u c k d r iv e r s is not shown o r in fo r ­
m a tion to s u b c la s s ify is not a v a ila b le .

In ea ch o f the 84 2 a r e a s c u r r e n tly s u r v e y e d , data are obtain ed fr o m
r e p r e s e n ta tiv e e sta b lis h m e n ts w ithin s ix b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s : M an u fa c­
tu rin g ; tr a n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and oth er p u b lic u tilitie s ; w h o le sa le
tra d e ; r e ta il tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r
in d u stry g rou p s e x clu d e d fr o m th e s e stu d ies a re g overn m en t o p e r a tio n s And
the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s .
E s ta b lis h m e n ts having fe w e r than
a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a r e om itted b e c a u se o f in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y ­
m en t in the o c cu p a tio n s stu d ied.
S ep arate ta bu la tion s a r e p r o v id e d f o r each
o f the b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r i a .

O ccu p a tion a l em p lo y m e n t and e a rn in g s data a re shown fo r fu ll-tim e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o se h ire d to w ork a r e g u la r w e e k ly sc h e d u le .
E a rn in gs data
e x clu d e p re m iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w ork on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
late sh ifts. N on p rod u ction b o n u se s a re e x clu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a llo w a n ce s
and in ce n tiv e b on u ses a r e in clu d e d .
W eek ly h o u r s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l and
p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o ccu p a tio n s r e fe r to the stan dard w ork w eek
(rou n ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf h our) fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e reg u la r
s t r a ig h t -tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r o v e r t im e at re g u la r a n d /o r
p r e m iu m r a te s ). A v e r a g e w eek ly ea rn in g s fo r th e se o ccu p a tio n s are rounded
to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

T h e se su r v e y s a re con d u cted on a sa m p le b a s is .
The sa m plin g
p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d e ta ile d s tr a tific a tio n o f a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts w ithin the
s c o p e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y by in d u stry and n u m ber o f e m p lo y e e s .
F r o m th is s tra tifie d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ility sa m p le is s e le c t e d , with ea ch
esta b lish m en t having a p r e d e te r m in e d ch a n ce o f s e le c t io n . T o obtain optim u m
a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a te r p r o p o r tio n o f la r g e than s m a ll e s t a b ­
lish m en ts is s e le c t e d .
When data a r e c o m b in e d , ea ch esta b lis h m e n t is
w eigh ted a c c o r d in g to its p r o b a b ility o f s e le c t io n , so that u nbiased e s tim a te s
a r e g en era ted .
F o r e x a m p le , i f one out o f fou r e sta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c t e d ,
it is given a w eigh t o f fo u r to r e p r e s e n t it s e lf plus th r e e o th e r s . An altern a te
o f the sam e o r ig in a l p r o b a b ility is c h o s e n in the sa m e in d u s t r y -s iz e c l a s s i ­
fic a tio n if data a re not a v a ila b le fr o m the o r ig in a l sa m ple m e m b e r . If no
su itable su bstitu te is a v a ila b le , ad d ition a l w eigh t is a s sig n e d to a sa m ple
m e m b e r that is s im ila r to the m is s in g unit.

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the le v e l o f o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s in an a rea
at a p a r tic u la r tim e .
C o m p a r is o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c cu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
tim e m a y not r e fle c t e x p e cte d w age c h a n g e s. The a v e r a g e s fo r in div idu al jo b s
a r e a ffe c te d by ch a n g es in w a g es and e m p loy m en t p a tte rn s. F o r e x a m p le ,
p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by h ig h - o r lo w -w a g e fir m s m a y ch a n g e, o r
h ig h -w a g e w o r k e r s m a y ad vance to b e tte r jo b s and be r e p la c e d by new
w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a te s .
Such sh ifts in em p lo y m e n t c o u ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u ­
p a tion a l a v e r a g e ev en though m o s t e sta b lis h m e n ts in an a rea in c r e a s e w ages
d u rin g the y e a r .
C h an ges in ea rn in g s o f o c cu p a tio n a l g ro u p s , shown in ta ble
A - 7 , a r e b e tte r in d ic a t o r s o f w age tre n d s than a re ea rn in g s ch a n g es fo r
in d iv id u a l jo b s w ithin the g ro u p s .

O ccu p ation s and ea rn in gs
O ccu p a tion s s e le c t e d fo r study a re c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty o f m a n u fa c ­
tu ring and n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f the fo llo w in g ty p e s :
(1) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (3) m a in ten a n ce, t o o lr o o m ,
and p ow erp la n t; and (4) m a te r ia l m o v em en t and c u s to d ia l.
O ccu p a tion a l
c la s s ific a t io n is ba sed on a u n ifo rm set o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d e s ig n e d to take
a ccou n t o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n in du ties w ithin the sam e jo b .
O ccu ­
p a tion s s e le c t e d fo r study a r e lis te d and d e s c r ib e d in appendix B .
U n less
o th e rw is e in d ica te d , the e a rn in g s data fo llo w in g the jo b title s a re fo r a ll
in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d .
E a rn in gs data fo r som e o f the o c cu p a tio n s lis te d and

A v e ra g e e a rn in g s r e fle c t c o m p o s it e , a r e a w id e e s tim a te s . In d u stries
and e sta b lis h m e n ts d iffe r in pay le v e l and jo b sta ffin g , and thus con trib u te
d iffe r e n t ly to the e s tim a te s f o r each jo b .
P ay a v e r a g e s m a y fa il to r e fle c t
a c c u r a t e ly the w age d iffe r e n t ia l am ong jo b s in in d iv id u a l e sta b lis h m e n ts.
A v e r a g e pay le v e ls fo r m en and w om en in s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n s should
not be a s su m e d to r e f le c t d iffe r e n c e s in pay o f the s e x e s w ithin in d iv id u al
e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
F a c t o r s w h ich m a y co n trib u te to d iffe r e n c e s in clu d e p r o ­
g r e s s io n w ithin e s ta b lis h e d rate ra n g e s (on ly the r a te s paid in cu m b en ts are
c o lle c t e d ) and p e r fo r m a n c e o f s p e c ific d u ties w ithin the g e n e r a l su r v e y jo b
d e s c r ip t io n s .
Job d e s c r ip t io n s u sed to c la s s ify e m p lo y e e s in th ese s u rv e y s
u su a lly a re m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th o se u sed in in d iv id u a l e sta b lish m en ts
and a llo w fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong e sta b lis h m e n ts in s p e c ific du ties
p e r fo r m e d .

1 Personal visits were on a 2-year cycle before July 1972.
2 Included in the 84 areas are 14 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are
Akron, Ohio; Austin, Tex.; Binghamton, N.Y. —
Pa.; Birmingham, Ala.; Fort Lauderdale—
Hollywood and West
Palm Beach—
Boca Raton, Fla.; Lexington—
Fayette, K y.; Melbourne—
Titusville—
Cocoa, Fla.; Norfolk—
Virginia
Beach-Portsmouth and Newport News-Hampton, Va. — C .; Poughkeepsie—
N.
Kingston—
Newburgh, N .Y .; Raleigh—
Durham, N. C .; Stamford, Conn.; Syracuse, N .Y .; Utica—
Rome, N .Y .; and Westchester County, N.Y. In
addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 70 areas at the request of the
Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department of Labor.




18

O ccu p a tion a l em p loy m en t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a ll e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts w ithin the s c o p e o f the study and not the n u m ber a ctu a lly su rv e y e d .
B e ca u se o c cu p a tio n a l str u c tu r e s am ong e sta b lis h m e n ts d iffe r , e s tim a te s o f
o c cu p a tio n a l em p loy m en t obtain ed fr o m the sa m p le o f e sta b lis h m e n ts studied
s e r v e on ly to in d ica te -the r e la tiv e im p o rta n ce o f the jo b s studied.
T h ese
d iffe r e n c e s in o c cu p a tio n a l stru ctu re do not a ffe c t m a te r ia lly the a c c u r a c y o f
the e a rn in g s data.

E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g
(m en and w o m e n ):
C om p u ter sy s te m s
a n a ly s ts , c la s s e s
A , B , and C
C om p u ter p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c la s s e s A , B , and C
C om p u ter o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s e s A , B , and C

W age tre n d s fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l g rou p s

The p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s p r e se n te d in ta ble A -7 a re b a sed on ch a n g es
in a v e r a g e h o u rly ea rn in g s fo r e sta b lis h m e n ts r e p o rtin g the tren d jo b s in both
the c u r re n t and p r e v io u s y e a r (m a tch ed e sta b lis h m e n ts ).
The data are
ad ju sted to r e m o v e the e ffe c t s on a v e ra g e ea rn in g s o f em p loy m en t sh ifts
am ong e sta b lis h m e n ts and tu r n o v e r o f e sta b lis h m e n ts in clu d ed in su rv ey
sa m p le s .
The p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r, a re s t ill a ffe c te d by fa c to r s
oth er than w age in c r e a s e s .
H irin g, la y o ffs , and tu rn o v e r m a y a ffe c t an
e sta b lis h m e n t a v e r a g e fo r an occu p a tio n w hen w o r k e r s a re paid under plans
p ro v id in g a ran ge o f w age ra te s fo r in d iv id u a l jo b s .
In p e r io d s o f in c r e a s e d
h irin g , fo r e x a m p le , new e m p lo y e e s en ter at the bottom o f the ra n ge,
d e p r e s s in g the a v e ra g e w ithout a change in w age r a te s .

S k illed m ain ten an ce (m en
and w o m e n ):
C a rp e n te r s
E le c t r ic ia n s
P a in te rs
M a ch in ists
M e ch a n ic s (m a ch in ery )
M e ch a n ics (m o to r v e h ic le )
P ip e fitte r s
T o o l and die m a k ers

In d u stria l n u r s e s (m en and
w o m e n ):
R e g is te r e d in d u str ia l
n u rses
P e r c e n t ch a n g es fo r indiv:
as fo llo w s :

U n sk illed plant (m en and
w o m e n ):
J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and
c le a n e r s
M a te r ia l handling la b o r e r s
a r e a s in the p r o g r a m a r e com p u ted

1. E ach occu p a tio n is a s sig n e d a w eigh t b a sed on its p r o ­
p ortion a te em p loy m en t in the o c cu p a tio n a l grou p in the
b a se y e a r .
2.

O ccu p a tion s u sed to com p u te w age tren d s a r e :
O ffice c l e r i c a l (m en and
w om en ):

O ffice c l e r i c a l (m en and
w o m e n )---- C ontinued

S e c r e t a r ie s
S te n o g r a p h e rs , g e n e ra l
S te n o g r a p h e rs , s e n io r
T y p is t s , c la s s e s
A and B
F ile c le r k s , c la s s e s A ,
B , and C
M essen g ers
S w itch b oa rd o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s e s A and B

O rd e r c le r k s
A ccou n tin g c le r k s ,
c la s s e s A and B
B o o k k e e p in g -m a ch in e
o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B
P a y r o ll c le r k s
K eypunch o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s e s A and B
T a b u la tin g -m a ch in e
o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B




T h e se w eigh ts a re u sed to com p u te grou p a v e r a g e s .
E ach o c c u p a t io n 's a v e ra g e (m ean) ea rn in g s is m u ltip lied
by its w eigh t.
The p r o d u c ts a re tota led to obtain a
g rou p a v e r a g e .

3.

The p e r c e n t ch a n ges r e la te to w age ch a n g es betw een the in d ica ted
d a te s.
When the tim e span betw een su rv e y s is oth er than 12 m on th s, annual
r a te s a re show n.
(It is assu m ed that w a g es in c r e a s e at a con stan t rate
betw een s u r v e y s .)

The r a tio o f grou p a v e r a g e s fo r 2 c o n s e cu tiv e y e a r s is
com p u ted by d iv id in g the a v e ra g e fo r the c u rre n t y ea r
by the a v e ra g e fo r the e a r lie r y e a r . The resu lt—
e x p r e s s e d as a p e r ce n t— le s s 100 is the p e r ce n t change.

F o r a m o r e d e ta ile d d e s c r ip tio n o f the m ethod u sed to com pu te th ese
w age tr e n d s , see "Im p ro v in g A r e a W age S u rvey I n d e x e s ," M onthly L a b or
R e v ie w , January 1973, pp. 5 2 -5 7 .
E sta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s
T a b u la tion s on s e le c te d esta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su pp lem en tary
w age p r o v is io n s ( B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) a re not p r e se n te d in th is bu lletin , In fo r ­
m a tion fo r th ese tabu la tion s is c o lle c t e d at 3 -y e a r in te r v a ls . 1 T h ese ta bu ­
la tion s on m in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s fo r in e x p e r ie n c e d o ffic e w o r k e r s ; shift
d iffe r e n t ia ls ; sch ed u led w eek ly h ou rs and d a y s; paid h o lid a y s; paid v a c a tio n s ;
and health, in s u r a n c e , and p en sion plans are p r e se n te d (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s )
in p r e v io u s b u lle tin s fo r th is a r e a .
l

Personal visits were on a 2-year cycle before July 1972.

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
in Providence—Warwick—Pawtucket, R .I.—Mass.,1 June 1976
M in im um
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b lis h mfents in s c o p e
o f study

In d u stry d iv is io n 2

ALL
ALL

DIVISIONS

N u m ber o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
W ithin s c o p e o f study 4

W ithin s c o p e
o f study 3

Studied

Studied
N um ber

P ercen t

ESTABLISHMENTS

-----------------------------------------------------------

•

8 2 4 .......

156

.

151,369

100

67,223
39,094
28,129

t r a n s p o r t a t i o n

*

c o m m u n i c a t i o n

*

and

13
1,470
10,000
7 *838

DIVISIONS

TRANSPORTATION,

57

43

59.437

100

49,634

35,009
24,428

LARGE
ALL

24
12

22*628

AO

50
50

41

19*780

ESTABLISHMENTS

-----------------------------------------------------------

COMMUNICATION,

.

....... ...

AND
3* 7 8 6

KC. 1 ^ 1

1K n U C

—m

™™
™

10,614
8,876
500

8,084
6,758
1,152

1 T h e P r o v id e n c e — a rw ick — a w tu ck et S tandard M e tro p o lita n S ta t is tic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d b y the O ffic e o f M an agem en t and B udget th rou gh F e b r u a r y 1974, c o n s is t s
W
P
o f the fo llo w in g a r e a s in R h ode Isla n d : C e n tr a l F a lls , C ra n sto n , E a s t P r o v id e n c e , P a w tu ck et, P r o v id e n c e , and W o o n s o c k e t c it i e s , and eigh t tow n s in P r o v id e n c e County;
N a r ra g a n s e tt, N orth K in gstow n , and South K in gstow n tow n s in W ash in gton C ounty; W a rw ick c it y and th r e e tow n s in K ent C ou nty; a ll o f B r is t o l C ou n ty; a n d Jam estow n
tow n in N e w p o rt C ounty, and in M a s s a c h u s e tts : A t t le b o r o c ity , and s e v e n co n tig u o u s tow n s in B r is t o l, N o rfo lk , and W o r c e s t e r C o u n tie s .
T h e " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e
o f stu d y " e s t im a t e s show n in this ta b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip t io n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in the s u r v e y . E s tim a te s a r e
n ot in ten ded, h o w e v e r , f o r c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tr e n d s o r l e v e ls s in c e (1) planning o f w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s e s ta b lis h m e n t
data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in ad va n ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ie d , and (2) s m a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 Th e 1967 e d itio n o f the Standard I n d u s tria l C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u s e d in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n .
3 In clu d e s a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A ll o u tle ts (w ithin the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in in d u s t r ie s su ch a s tr a d e ,
fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tio n p ic tu r e th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 In c lu d e s a ll w o r k e r s in a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t (w ithin the a r e a ) at o r a b o v e the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
5 A b b r e v ia te d to "p u b lic u t i li t ie s " in the A - s e r i e s t a b le s .
T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid e n ta l to w a te r tr a n s p o r ta tio n a r e e x c lu d e d .
6 T h is d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s tim a te s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s . S e p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n o f data is n ot m ade f o r one
o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo y m e n t is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it s e p a r a te study, (2) the s a m p le w as n ot d e s ig n e d in it ia lly to p e r m it
s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequ ate to p e r m it s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) th e re is p o s s ib ilit y o f d i s c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t data.
7 H o te ls and m o t e ls ; la u n d r ie s and o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s : a u to m o b ile r e p a ir , re n ta l, and p a rk in g ; m o tio n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip
o r g a n iz a tio n s (e x c lu d in g r e lig io u s and c h a r ita b le o r g a n iz a tio n s ); and e n g in e e rin g and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .




20

Appendix B.

Occupational Descriptions

The p r im a r y p u rp o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r ip tio n s f o r the B u r e a u 's w age su r v e y s is to a s s is t
its fie ld sta ff in c la s s ify in g in to a p p ro p ria te o c cu p a tio n s w o r k e r s who a r e e m p lo y e d under a v a r ie ty o f
p a y r o ll title s and d iffe r e n t w ork a rra n g e m e n ts fr o m e sta b lis h m e n t to esta b lis h m e n t and fr o m a r e a to
area.
T h is p e r m it s the grou pin g o f o c cu p a tio n a l w age r a te s r e p r e s e n tin g c o m p a ra b le jo b con ten t.
B e c a u se o f th is e m p h a sis on in te r e sta b lish m e n t and in te r a r e a c o m p a r a b ility o f o c cu p a tio n a l con ten t, the
B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r ip tio n s m a y d iffe r sig n ifica n tly fr o m th o se in u se in in d iv id u a l e sta b lis h m e n ts o r th ose
p r e p a r e d fo r oth e r p u r p o s e s . In applying th e se jo b d e s c r ip t io n s , the B u r e a u 's fie ld e c o n o m is ts are
in stru cte d to ex clu d e w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p r e n tic e s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a in e e s ; and h an dicapped,
p a r t -t im e , te m p o r a r y , and p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
SECRETARY

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

A s s ig n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to one in d iv id u a l. M ain ­
ta in s a c lo s e and h igh ly r e s p o n s iv e r e la tio n s h ip to the d a y -to -d a y w ork o f the
s u p e r v is o r .
W orks fa ir ly in depen den tly r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d eta iled
su p e r v isio n and gu id an ce.
P e r fo r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l d u ties,
u su a lly in clu din g m o s t o f the fo llo w in g ;

M ay a ls o p e r fo r m oth er c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l ta sk s o f c o m p a ra b le
n atu re and d iffic u lty . The w o rk ty p ic a lly r e q u ir e s k n ow ledge o f o ffic e rou tin e
and u n derstan din g o f the o r g a n iz a tio n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e la te d to
the w ork o f the s u p e r v is o r .
E x clu s io n s

a. R e c e iv e s teleph on e c a lls , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and in co m in g m a il,
a n sw e r s routine in q u ir ie s , and ro u te s te c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s to the p r o p e r
p erson s;
b.
c.
in s tru cte d ;
d.

E s ta b lis h e s ,

m a in ta in s,

Not a ll p o s itio n s that a r e title d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the a b o v e -c h a r ­
a c t e r is t ic s .
E x a m p le s o f p o s itio n s w hich a re e x clu d ed fr o m the d e fin itio n a re
as fo llo w s :

and r e v is e s the s u p e r v is o r 's f ile s ;
a. P o s itio n s
d e s c r ib e d a b ov e;

M aintains the s u p e r v is o r 's ca le n d a r and m a k es appoin tm en ts as
R e la y s m e s s a g e s fr o m

b.

s u p e r v is o r to su b ord in a tes;

S ten og ra p h ers not fu lly tra in ed in s e c r e t a r ia l-t y p e d u ties;

d. S e c r e ta r y p o s itio n s in w h ich the d u ties a re e ith er su b sta n tia lly
m o r e rou tin e o r su b sta n tia lly m o r e c o m p le x and r e s p o n s ib le than th ose c h a r ­
a c t e r iz e d in the d efin ition ;

P e r fo r m s sten og ra p h ic and typing w ork .




do not m e e t the " p e r s o n a l" s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t

c . S ten og ra p h ers s e r v in g as o ffic e a s sista n ts to a g rou p o f p r o f e s ­
sio n a l, t e c h n ic a l, o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ;

e. R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o ra n d u m s, and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d by
o th e r s fo r the s u p e r v is o r 's sign atu re to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and ty p og ra p h ic
accuracy;
f.

w hich

B eginning w ith ca le n d a r y e a r 1976 s u r v e y s , the B u reau h as g rou p ed o c cu p a tio n s studied in its
a r e a w age s u rv e y s into jo b fa m ilie s in o r d e r to p r e s e n t in fo rm a tio n on r e la te d o c cu p a tio n s in se q u e n ce .
Job fa m ilie s have not been title d , h o w e v e r, sin ce doin g so m igh t have added ex tra n eou s e le m e n ts to the
jo b m a tch in g p r o c e s s .
The B u reau has a ls o r e v is e d s e v e r a l o c cu p a tio n a l title s .
w ord o r d e r and a re m o r e d e s c r ip tiv e o f the su r v e y jo b s .

21

The title s m o r e n e a r ly r e fle c t u su al

S E C R E T A R Y— C o n tin u e d

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d

E x c lu s io n s — Continued

C la s s C

e.
A s s is ta n t -ty p e p o s itio n s w hich in v o lv e m o r e d ifficu lt o r m o r e
1. S e c r e ta r y to an e x e cu tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n w h ose r e s p o n ­
r e s p o n s ib le te c h n ic a l, a d m in is tra tiv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c l e r i c a l
s ib ility is not eq u ivalen t to one o f the s p e c ific le v e l situ ation s in the d efin ition
du ties w hich a re not t y p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r ia l w ork .
fo r c la s s B , but w h ose o r g a n iz a tio n a l unit n o r m a lly n u m b ers at lea st s e v e r a l
d o ze n e m p lo y e e s and is u su a lly d iv id ed into o r g a n iz a tio n a l seg m en ts w hich a re
o fte n , in tu rn , fu rth e r su b d ivid ed . In som e c o m p a n ie s , th is le v e l in clu d e s a
N O T E : The te r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u sed in the le v e l d e fin itio n s
w ide ran ge o f o r g a n iz a tio n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o th e r s , on ly one o r tw o; oj:
fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to th o se o ffic ia ls who have a sig n ifica n t c o r p o r a te w id e
p o licy m a k in g r o le with r e g a r d to m a jo r com p a n y a c tiv it ie s .
The title "v ic e
2. S e c r e ta r y to the head o f an in d iv id u a l plant, fa c to r y , e tc . (o r
p r e sid e n t, " though n o r m a lly in d ica tiv e o f th is r o le , d o e s not in a ll c a s e s
oth er equ iv alen t le v e l o f o ffic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0
id en tify such p o s itio n s .
V ic e p r e s id e n ts w h ose p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ility is to
p erson s.
act p e r s o n a lly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r tra n s a ctio n s (e .g ., a p p rov e o r deny
in d iv id u al loan o r c r e d it a c tio n s ; a d m in iste r in d iv id u al tr u st a c c o u n ts ; d ir e c t ly
C la s s D
s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l staff) a r e not c o n s id e r e d to be " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " fo r
1. S e c r e ta r y to the s u p e r v is o r o r head o f a s m a ll o r g a n iz a tio n a l unit
p u rp o s e s o f applying the fo llo w in g le v e l d e fin it io n s .
( e .g ., fe w e r than about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ); o r
C la s s A
1. S e c r e ta r y to the ch a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t o f a com p a n y
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

2. S e c r e ta r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s t a f f s p e c ia lis t , p r o fe s s io n a l
e m p lo y e e , a d m in istra tiv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s is ta n t, sk ille d te ch n icia n , o r e x p e rt.
(N O T E : M any c o m p a n ie s a s sig n s t e n o g r a p h e rs , ra th er than s e c r e t a r ie s as
d e s c r ib e d a b o v e , to th is le v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)
ST E N O G R A PH E R

2. S e c r e ta r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f ic e r (oth er than the ch a irm a n o f the
b oa rd o r p r e sid e n t) o f a com p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 but fe w e r
than 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e ta r y to the h ead, im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the c o r p o r a t e o ffic e r
le v e l, o f a m a jo r seg m en t o r s u b s id ia r y o f a com p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll,
o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la s s B

P r im a r y duty is to take d icta tion u sin g sh orth an d, and to t r a n s c r ib e
the d icta tio n .
M ay a lso type fr o m w ritten c o p y .
M ay o p e r a te fr o m a s te n o ­
g ra p h ic p o o l.
M ay o c c a s io n a lly tr a n s c r ib e fr o m v o ic e r e c o r d in g s (if p r im a r y
duty is tr a n s c r ib in g fr o m r e c o r d in g s , see T r a n s c r ib in g -M a c h in e T y p is t).
N O T E : T h is jo b is d istin g u ish ed fr o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a lly w o rk s in a co n fid e n tia l r e la tio n s h ip with on ly one m a n a g er
o r e x e cu tiv e and p e r fo r m s m o r e r e s p o n s ib le and d is c r e t io n a r y (tasks as
d e s c r ib e d in the s e c r e t a r y jo b d efin ition .

1. S e c r e ta r y to the ch a irm a n o f the b oa rd o r p r e sid e n t o f a com p a n y
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
2. S e c r e ta r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f ic e r (oth er than the ch a irm a n o f the
b oa rd o r p r e sid e n t) o f a c om p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r
than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e ta r y to the h ead, im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the o f f ic e r le v e l, o v e r
eith e r a m a jo r c o rp o r a tio n w id e fu n ction a l a c tiv ity ( e .g ., m a rk e tin g , r e s e a r c h ,
o p e r a tio n s , in d u str ia l r e la t io n s , e tc .) o r a m a jo r g e o g ra p h ic o r o r g a n iz a tio n a l
seg m en t (e .g ., a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a rte rs ; a m a jo r d iv is io n ) o f a com p a n y that
e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but fe w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p lo y e e s ; o r
4. S e c r e ta r y to the head o f an in d iv id u al plant, fa c t o r y , e tc . (or
oth er equ ivalen t le v e l o f o ffic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
5. S e c r e ta r y to the head o f a la rg e and im portan t o r g a n iz a tio n a l
seg m en t ( e .g ., a m id d le m a n a gem en t s u p e r v is o r o f an o rg a n iz a tio n a l segm en t
often in v olv in g as m any as s e v e r a l hundred p e r s o n s ) o r a com p a n y that
e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .




S ten og ra p h er, G e n e ra l
keep

D icta tion in v o lv e s a n o r m a l rou tin e v o c a b u la r y .
M ay m aintain f ile s ,
s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r fo r m oth e r r e la t iv e ly rou tin e c le r i c a l ta sk s .
S ten og ra p h er, S en ior

D icta tion in v o lv e s a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o ca b u la ry such
as in le g a l b r ie fs o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h .
M ay a lso set up and
m ain tain f i l e s , k eep r e c o r d s , e tc .
OR
P e r fo r m s sten og ra p h ic d u ties r e q u irin g sig n ific a n tly g r e a te r in d e ­
p en d en ce and r e s p o n s ib ility than s t e n o g r a p h e r, g e n e r a l as e v id en ced by the
fo llo w in g :
W ork r e q u ir e s a high d e g r e e o f s te n o g ra p h ic sp eed and a c c u r a c y ;
a th orou gh w ork in g k n ow led ge o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s and o ffic e p r o c e d u r e ; and
o f the s p e c ific b u sin e s s o p e r a t io n s , o r g a n iz a tio n , p o li c ie s , p r o c e d u r e s , f ile s ,
w o r k flo w , e tc .
U ses th is k n ow led ge in p e r fo r m in g sten og ra p h ic d u ties and
r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l ta sk s such as m ain taining follow u p file s ; a s s e m b lin g
m a te r ia l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o ra n d u m s , and le t t e r s ; c o m p o s in g sim p le le t te r s
fr o m g e n e r a l in s t r u c t io n s ; readin g and routing in co m in g m a il; and a n sw erin g
routine q u e s tio n s , e tc .

22

T R A N S C R I B I N G -M A C H I N E T Y P IS T

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R

P r im a r y duty is to tr a n s c r ib e d icta tio n in v olv in g a n o r m a l rou tin e
v o c a b u la r y fr o m t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M ay a ls o type fr o m w ritten
c o p y and do s im p le c l e r i c a l w o rk .
W o r k e rs tr a n s c r ib in g d icta tio n in v olv in g
a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y su ch as le g a l b r ie fs o r r e p o r t s
oh s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h a r e not in clu d e d . A w o r k e r w ho ta k es d icta tio n in
shorthand o r by Stenotype o r s im ila r m a ch in e is c la s s ifie d as a ste n o g r a p h e r.

C la s s A . O p era tes a s in g le - o r m u lt ip le -p o s itio n telep h on e sw itch ­
b o a rd handling in co m in g , ou tg oin g , in traplan t o r o ffic e c a lls .
P e r fo r m s fu ll
telep h on e in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e o r h an dles c o m p le x c a l l s , such as c o n fe r e n c e ,
c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s im ila r c a lls , eith e r in addition to doing rou tin e w ork
as d e s c r ib e d f o r sw itch b oa rd o p e r a t o r , c la s s B , o r as a fu ll-tim e a ssign m en t.
( " F u l l " telep h on e in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e o c c u r s when the esta b lish m en t has
v a r ie d fu n ction s that a re not r e a d ily u n derstan dab le fo r telephon e in fo rm a tio n
p u r p o s e s , e .g ., b e c a u se o f o v e rla p p in g o r in te r r e la te d fu n ction s, and c o n s e ­
qu en tly p r e s e n t freq u en t p r o b le m s as to w hich ex ten sion s a re a p p ro p ria te
f o r c a lls .)

T YPIST
U ses a ty p e w r ite r to m ake c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a te r ia ls o r to m ake
out b ills a fte r c a lc u la tio n s have been m a d e b y an oth er p e r s o n .
M ay in clu d e
typing o f s t e n c ils , m a ts , o r s im ila r m a te r ia ls fo r u se in du p licatin g p r o ­
cesses.
M ay do c l e r i c a l w ork in v olv in g little s p e c ia l tra in in g , such as
keepin g sim p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r sortin g and d istrib u tin g
in co m in g m a il.
C la s s A .
P e r fo r m s on e o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : T ypin g m a te r ia l
in fin a l fo r m w hen it in v olv es com b in in g m a te r ia l fr o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s ib ility fo r c o r r e c t sp e llin g , s y lla b ic a tio n , punctuation, e t c ., o f t e c h ­
n ic a l o r unusual w o rd s o r fo r e ig n language m a te r ia l; o r planning layou t and
typin g o f c o m p lic a te d s t a tis tic a l ta b le s to m ain tain u n ifo rm ity and ba la n ce in
sp a cin g . M ay type routine fo r m le t t e r s , v a ry in g d e ta ils to suit c ir c u m s t a n c e s .
C la s s
rough o r c le a r
o r setting up
a lre a d y set up

B . P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : C op y typing fr o m
d r a fts ; o r routine typing o f f o r m s , in su ra n ce p o li c ie s , e t c .;
sim p le stan dard ta b u la tion s; o r co p y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s
and sp a ced p r o p e r ly .

F IL E C LE R K
F il e s , c la s s if i e s , and r e t r ie v e s m a te r ia l in an e sta b lis h e d filin g
s y s te m .
M ay p e r fo r m c l e r i c a l and m anu al ta sk s r e q u ir e d to m a in tain f ile s .
P o s itio n s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A . C la s s ifie s and in d e x e s file m a te r ia l such as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , te c h n ic a l d ocu m en ts, e t c ., in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g sy stem
con tain in g a n u m ber o f v a r ie d su b je ct m a tte r f ile s .
M ay a ls o file th is
m a te r ia l.
M ay k eep r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p e s in con ju n ction w ith the f ile s .
M ay lea d a s m a ll grou p o f lo w e r le v e l file c le r k s .
C la s s B . S o r ts , c o d e s , and file s u n c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l by s im p le
(s u b je c t m a tte r) h eadin gs o r p a rtly c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l by fin e r su bh eadin gs.
P r e p a r e s sim p le re la te d in dex and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s. A s r e q u e ste d ,
lo c a t e s c le a r ly id e n tifie d m a te r ia l in file s and fo r w a r d s m a te r ia l.
M ay
p e r fo r m r e la te d c l e r i c a l ta sk s r e q u ire d to m ain tain and s e r v ic e file s .
C la s s C .
P e r fo r m s routine filin g o f m a te r ia l that has a lre a d y been
c la s s ifie d o r w h ich is e a s ily c la s s ifie d in a sim p le s e r ia l c la s s ific a t io n
sy ste m ( e .g ., a lp h a b e tica l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r n u m e r ic a l). A s r e q u e ste d ,
lo c a t e s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a te r ia l in file s and fo r w a r d s m a te r ia l; and m a y
f ill out w ith d ra w a l c h a r g e .
M ay p e r fo r m s im p le c l e r i c a l and m anu al ta sk s
r e q u ir e d to m a in tain and s e r v ic e file s .
M ESSENGER
P e r fo r m s v a r io u s rou tin e du ties such as running e r r a n d s , op era tin g
m in o r o ffic e m a ch in e s such as s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , opening and d istrib u tin g
m a il, and oth er m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk . E x clu d e p o s itio n s that r e q u ir e op e ra tio n
o f a m o to r v e h ic le as a sig n ifica n t duty.




C la s s B . O p era tes a s in g le - o r m u lt ip le -p o s itio n telep h on e sw itch ­
b o a rd handling in c o m in g , ou tg oin g , in traplan t o r o ffic e c a lls .
M ay handle
rou tin e lon g d is ta n ce c a lls and r e c o r d t o l ls .
M ay p e r fo r m lim ite d telep h on e
in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e .
( " L im it e d " telep h on e in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e o c c u r s i f the
fu n ctio n s o f the esta b lis h m e n t s e r v ic e d a r e r e a d ily u nderstan dable fo r t e l e ­
phone in fo rm a tio n p u r p o s e s , o r i f the r e q u e sts a re rou tin e, e .g ., giving
e x te n sio n n u m b ers when s p e c ific n am es a re fu rn ish e d , o r i f c o m p le x c a lls
a r e r e fe r r e d to an oth er o p e r a t o r .)
T h e s e c la s s ific a t io n s do not in clu d e sw itch b oa rd o p e r a t o r s in t e l e ­
phone c o m p a n ie s w ho a s s is t c u s to m e r s in p la cin g c a lls .
SW ITCH BO AR D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
In addition to p e r fo r m in g d u ties o f o p e r a to r on a s in g le -p o s itio n o r
m o n it o r -t y p e sw itch b o a rd , a c ts as r e c e p t io n is t and m a y a ls o type o r p e r fo r m
rou tin e c l e r i c a l w o rk as pa rt o f r e g u la r d u tie s .
T h is typing o r c l e r i c a l w ork
m a y take the m a jo r part o f th is w o r k e r 's tim e w hile at sw itch b oa rd .
O RD ER C L E R K
R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s fo r m a te r ia l o r m e r c h a n d ise by m a il,
ph on e, o r p e r s o n a lly .
D uties in v o lv e any com b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g :
Q uoting p r ic e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m akin g out an o r d e r sheet listin g the ite m s to
m a ke up the o r d e r ; ch e ck in g p r ic e s and qu an tities o f ite m s on o r d e r sh eet;
and d is trib u tin g o r d e r sh eets to r e s p e c t iv e d ep a rtm en ts to be fille d . M ay
c h e c k w ith c r e d it dep a rtm en t to d e te rm in e c r e d it ratin g o f c u s to m e r , a ck n o w l­
edge r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s fr o m c u s t o m e r s , fo llo w up o r d e r s to see that they
have been fille d , k eep file o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and c h e c k shipping in v o ic e s
w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .
A C CO U N TIN G C L E R K
P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e a ccou n tin g c l e r i c a l ta sk s such as p ostin g to
r e g is t e r s and le d g e r s ; r e c o n c ilin g bank a c c o u n ts ; v e rify in g the in te rn a l c o n ­
s is te n c y , c o m p le t e n e s s , and m a th e m a tic a l a c c u r a c y o f accou n tin g d ocu m en ts;
a ssig n in g p r e s c r ib e d a ccou n tin g d is trib u tio n c o d e s ; exam in in g and v e r ify in g
fo r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty p e s o f r e p o r t s , lis t s , c a lc u la tio n s , p o s tin g ,
e t c .; o r p r e p a r in g s im p le o r a s s is tin g in p re p a rin g m o r e c o m p lic a te d jo u r n a l
vouchers.
M ay w o rk in e ith e r a m anu al o r autom ated accou n tin g s y s te m .
The w o rk r e q u ir e s a kn ow led ge o f c l e r i c a l m eth od s and o ffic e p r a c ­
t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h ich r e la t e s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s in g and r e c o r d in g
o f tr a n s a c tio n s and a ccou n tin g in fo rm a tio n .
With e x p e r ie n c e , the w o r k e r
t y p ic a lly b e c o m e s fa m ilia r w ith the b ook k eep in g and accou n tin g t e r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s u sed in the a s sig n e d w o rk , but is not r e q u ir e d to have a kn ow ledge
o f the fo r m a l p r in c ip le s o f b ook k eep in g and a ccou n tin g .
P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s .

are

c la s s ifi e d

into

le v e ls

on the

b a s is o f the fo llo w in g

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K — C o n tin u e d

M A C H IN E B I L L E R — C o n tin u e d

C la s s A .
U nder g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s a ccou n tin g c l e r i c a l
o p e r a tio n s w h ich r e q u ir e the a p p lica tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m en t, fo r
e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s in g c o m p lic a te d o r n o n r e p e titiv e a ccou n tin g t r a n s ­
a c tio n s , s e le c tin g am on g a su bsta n tial v a r ie ty o f p r e s c r ib e d a ccou n tin g c o d e s
and c la s s ific a t io n s , o r tr a c in g tra n s a ctio n s th rough p r e v io u s a ccou n tin g
a ctio n s to d e te rm in e s o u r c e o f d is c r e p a n c ie s .
M ay be a s s is te d by one o r
m o r e c la s s B a ccou n tin g c le r k s .

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e b i l l e r . U s e s a b ook k eep in g m a ch in e (w ith or
w ithout a ty p e w r ite r k e y b o a rd ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b ills as p a rt o f the
a cco u n ts r e c e iv a b le o p e r a tio n .
G e n e ra lly in v o lv e s the sim u lta n eou s en try o f
fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . The m a ch in e a u to m a tica lly a c c u m u la te s
fig u r e s on a n u m ber o f v e r t ic a l c o lu m n s and com p u tes and u su a lly p rin ts
a u to m a tica lly the d eb it o r c r e d it b a la n c e s . D oes not in v o lv e a k n ow led ge
o f b ook k e e p in g .
W ork s fr o m u n ifo rm and stan dard ty p e s o f s a le s and
c r e d it s lip s .

C la s s B . U nder c lo s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d eta iled in s tru ctio n s
and sta n d a rd ized p r o c e d u r e s , p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e routine a ccou n tin g c l e r ­
ic a l o p e r a tio n s , su ch as p ostin g to le d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o rk s h e e ts w h ere
id e n tifica tio n o f ite m s and lo c a tio n s o f p o s tin g s a re c le a r ly in d ica ted ; ch eck in g
a c c u r a c y and c o m p le t e n e s s o f sta n d a rd ized and r e p e titiv e r e c o r d s o r
a ccou n tin g d o c u m e n ts; and c o d i n g d ocu m en ts u sin g a few p r e s c r ib e d
a ccou n tin g c o d e s .

PA Y R O LL CLERK

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s a b ook k eep in g m a ch in e (with o f w ithout a ty p e w r ite r k e y ­
b o a rd ) to k eep a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s tr a n s a c tio n s .
C la s s A . K e e p s a set o f r e c o r d s r e q u irin g a kn ow led ge o f and
e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic b ook k eep in g p r in c ip le s , and fa m ilia r ity w ith the stru ctu re
o f the p a r tic u la r a ccou n tin g s y s te m u se d .
D e te r m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d is tr ib u tio n o f deb it and c r e d it ite m s to be u sed in e a c h ph ase o f the w o rk .
M ay p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , ba la n ce sh e e ts , and oth er r e c o r d s by hand.
C la s s B . K eep s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a ses o r s e c tio n s o f a
set o f r e c o r d s u su a lly r e q u irin g little kn ow led ge o f b a s ic b ook k eep in g . P h a ses
o r s e c tio n s in clu d e a c c o u n ts p a y a b le , p a y r o ll, c u s t o m e r s ' a cco u n ts (not
in clu d in g a s im p le type o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d under m a ch in e b i l l e r ) , c o s t d i s ­
trib u tio n , ex p e n s e d is tr ib u tio n , in v e n to ry c o n t r o l, e tc .
M ay c h e c k o r a s s is t
in p r e p a r a tio n o f t r ia l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l sh eets fo r the a ccou n tin g
d ep a rtm en t.

C om p u tes w a g es o f com p a n y e m p lo y e e s and e n te rs the n e c e s s a r y
data on the p a y r o ll sh e e ts .
D uties in v o lv e : C a lcu la tin g w o r k e r s ' ea rn in g s
b a sed on tim e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; and p ostin g c a lc u la te d data on p a y r o ll
s h e e t, show ing in fo rm a tio n su ch as w o r k e r 's n a m e, w ork in g d a y s, tim e , ra te,
d ed u ction s f o r in s u r a n c e , and to ta l w a g es du e.
M ay m ake out p a y ch eck s and
a s s is t p a y m a ste r in m akin g up and d is trib u tin g pay e n v e lo p e s .
M ay use a
c a lcu la tin g m a ch in e .
K E Y PU N C H O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s a keypun ch m a ch in e to r e c o r d o r v e r ify alph a betic a n d /o r
n u m e ric data on tabulating c a r d s o r on ta p e.
P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s .

a re

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e ls

on the

b a s is o f the fo llo w in g

C la s s A . W ork r e q u ir e s the a p p lica tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju dgm en t
in s e le c tin g p r o c e d u r e s to be fo llo w e d and in s e a rc h in g fo r , in te r p r e tin g ,
s e le c t in g , o r cod in g it e m s to be keyp u n ch ed fr o m a v a r ie ty o f s o u r c e d o c u ­
m e n ts .
On o c c a s io n m a y a ls o p e r fo r m so m e rou tin e keypunch w o rk .
M ay
tr a in in e x p e r ie n c e d keypunch o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B . W ork is rou tin e and r e p e tit iv e .
Under c lo s e s u p e r v is io n
o r fo llo w in g s p e c ific p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t io n s , w o rk s fr o m variou s- sta n ­
d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d ocu m en ts w hich have been c o d e d , and fo llo w s s p e c ifie d
p r o c e d u r e s w h ich have been p r e s c r ib e d in d e ta il and re q u ire little o r no
s e le c t in g , c o d in g , o r in te r p r e tin g o f data to be r e c o r d e d . R e fe r s to s u p e r v is o r
p r o b le m s a r is in g fr o m e r r o n e o u s ite m s o r c o d e s o r m is s in g in fo rm a tio n .

M ACHINE B IL L E R
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
P r e p a r e s sta tem en ts, b i l l s , and in v o ic e s on a m a ch in e oth e r than an
o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a t ic ty p e w r ite r .
M ay a ls o k eep r e c o r d s as to b illin g s
o r shipping c h a r g e s o r p e r fo r m oth er c l e r i c a l w o rk in cid en ta l to b illin g
o p e r a tio n s .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , m a ch in e b i lle r s are c la s s ifie d by type
o f m a ch in e , as fo llo w s :
B illin g -m a c h in e b i l l e r . U ses a s p e c ia l b illin g m a ch in e (com b in a tion
typin g and adding m a ch in e) to p r e p a r e b ills and in v o ic e s fr o m c u s t o m e r s '
p u rch a se o r d e r s , in te r n a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , shipping m e m o ra n d u m s, e tc .
U su a lly in v o lv e s a p p lica tion o f p r e d e te r m in e d d is co u n ts and sh ipping c h a r g e s
and en try o f n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w hich m a y o r m a y not be com p u ted on
the b illin g m a ch in e , and to ta ls w hich a re a u to m a tica lly a ccu m u la ted by
m a ch in e .
The o p e r a tio n u su a lly in v o lv e s a la rg e n um ber o f c a r b o n c o p ie s
o f the b ill being p r e p a r e d and is often done on a fan fold m a ch in e.




O p era tes one o r a v a r ie ty o f m a ch in e s su ch as the ta b u la tor, c a lc u ­
la t o r , c o lla t o r , in t e r p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p ro d u c in g punch, e tc .
E x clu ded fr o m
th is d efin ition a r e w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s . A ls o e x clu d e d a re o p e r a t o r s o f
e le c t r o n ic d ig ita l c o m p u te r s , even though th ey m a y a ls o op era te e le c t r ic
a ccou n tin g m a ch in e equ ip m en t.
P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s .

a re

c la s s ifie d

into

le v e ls

on the

b a s is o f the fo llo w in g

C la s s A . P e r fo r m s c o m p le te r e p o rtin g and tabulating a s sig n m en ts
in clu d in g d e v isin g d iffic u lt c o n t r o l pa n el w irin g u nder g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n .
A s s ig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e a v a r ie ty o f lon g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s w hich
often a re ir r e g u la r o r n o n r e c u r r in g , re q u irin g som e planning o f the nature
and seq u en cin g o f o p e r a tio n s , and the u se o f a v a r ie ty o f m a c h in e s . Is

T A B U L A T I N G -M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

T A B U L A T I N G -M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

ty p ic a lly in v olv ed in tra in in g new o p e r a t o r s in m a ch in e o p e r a tio n s o r tra in in g
lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s in w irin g fr o m d ia g r a m s and in the op era tin g se q u e n ce s
o f lon g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D oes not in clu d e p o s itio n s in w h ich w irin g
r e s p o n s ib ility is lim ite d to s e le c t io n and in s e r tio n o f p r e w ir e d b o a r d s .

the ta b u la tor and c a lc u la t o r , in ad dition to the s im p le r m a ch in es u sed by
c la s s C o p e r a t o r s .
M ay be r e q u ire d to do som e w irin g fr o m d ia g r a m s .
M ay tr a in new e m p lo y e e s in b a s ic m a ch in e o p e r a tio n s .
C la s s C . U nder s p e c ific in s t r u c t io n s , o p e r a te s sim p le tabulating
o r e l e c t r i c a l a ccou n tin g m a ch in e s such as the s o r t e r , in te r p r e te r , r e p ro d u c in g
punch, c o lla t o r , e tc . A s s ig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e p o rtio n s o f a w o rk unit,
fo r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l so r tin g o r c o lla tin g ru n s, o r re p e titiv e o p e r a tio n s .
M ay p e r fo r m sim p le w irin g fr o m d ia g r a m s , and do som e filin g w o rk .

C la s s B . P e r fo r m s w ork a c c o r d in g to e s ta b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and
under s p e c ific in s tr u c tio n s . A s sig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e c o m p le te but r o u ­
tine and r e c u r r in g r e p o r t s o r p a rts o f la r g e r and m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p era tes m o r e d iffic u lt tabu latin g o r e le c t r ic a l a ccou n tin g m a ch in e s such as

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
C O M P U T E R SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS

C O M P U T E R SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS— Continued

A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b le m s to fo rm u la te p r o c e d u r e s fo r solv in g
th em by u se o f e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g equ ipm en t.
D ev elop s a c o m p le te
d e s c r ip tio n o f a ll s p e c ific a tio n s n eed ed to en able p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u ire d d ig ita l c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
A n a ly z e s s u b je c t -m a tte r o p e r a tio n s to be au tom ated and id e n tifie s co n d itio n s
and c r it e r ia r e q u ir e d to a ch ie v e s a tis fa c to r y r e s u lt s ; s p e c ifie s n u m ber and
ty p es o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d ocu m en ts to be u sed ; o u tlin es a ctio n s to be
p e r fo r m e d by p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u te r s in su ffic ie n t d eta il fo r p resen ta tion
to m a n a gem en t and fo r p r o g r a m m in g (ty p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p r e p a r a tio n o f
w o rk and data flo w c h a r t s ); c o o r d in a te s the d ev elop m en t o f test p r o b le m s and
p a rticip a te s in t r ia l runs o f new and r e v is e d s y s t e m s ; and r e co m m e n d s e q u ip ­
m en t ch a n ges to obtain m o r e e ffe c t iv e o v e r a ll o p e r a tio n s .
(N O T E :
W o r k e rs
p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g should be c la s s ifie d as
s y s te m s an alysts i f th is is the s k ill u sed to d e te rm in e th e ir pay.)

d e v e lo p s s y s te m s f o r rrjaintaining d e p o s ito r a cco u n ts in a bank, m ain taining
a cco u n ts r e c e iv a b le in a r e ta il e sta b lis h m e n t, o r m ain taining in v en tory
a c c o u n ts in a m a n u fa ctu rin g o r w h o le sa le esta b lis h m e n t.)
C o n fe rs w ith p e r ­
son s c o n c e r n e d to d e te rm in e the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s
s u b je c t -m a tte r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s o f the data p r o c e s s in g s y s te m s
to be a p p lied .
OR
W ork s on a seg m en t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s in g sch em e o r s y s te m ,
as d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A .
W ork s in depen den tly on routine a ssig n m en ts and
r e c e iv e s in s tru ctio n and gu id an ce on c o m p le x a s sig n m e n ts .
W ork is r e v ie w e d
f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m en t, c o m p lia n c e w ith in s tru ctio n s , and to in su re p r o p e r
align m en t w ith the o v e r a ll s y s te m .
C la s s C . W ork s u nder im m e d ia te su p e r v is io n , c a r r y in g out an aly ­
s e s as a s s ig n e d , u su a lly o f a sin g le a c tiv ity . A s sig n m e n ts a re d es ig n e d to
d e v e lo p and expand p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e in the a p p lica tion o f p r o c e d u r e s and
s k ills r e q u ir e d fo r s y s te m s a n a ly s is w o rk . F o r e x a m p le , m ay a s s is t a*higher
le v e l s y s te m s a n alyst by p r e p a r in g the d eta iled s p e c ific a tio n s r e q u ir e d by
p r o g r a m m e r s fr o m in fo rm a tio n d e v e lo p e d by the h igh er le v e l an alyst.

D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le fo r the m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f oth er e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r s y s ­
te m s a n a ly sts p r im a r ily c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n tific o r e n g in eerin g p r o b le m s .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , s y s te m s a n a lysts a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :
C la s s A . W ork s in depen den tly o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s in v olv in g a ll p h a ses o f sy ste m a n a ly s is .
P r o b le m s are
c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d iv e r s e s o u r c e s o f input data and m u lt ip le -u s e r e q u ir e ­
m en ts o f output data.
(F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in teg ra ted p ro d u ctio n s c h e d ­
u lin g, in v e n to r y c o n t r o l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and sa le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in w h ich
e v e r y ite m o f e a ch type is a u to m a tica lly p r o c e s s e d through the fu ll sy ste m
o f r e c o r d s and a p p ro p r ia te follow u p a c tio n s a re in itiated by the c o m p u te r .)
C o n fe r s with p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e te rm in e the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s
and a d v is e s s u b je c t -m a tte r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s o f new o r r e v is e d
s y s te m s o f data p r o c e s s in g o p e r a tio n s .
M akes r e c o m m e n d a tio n s , i f n ee d e d ,
fo r a p p ro v a l o f m a jo r sy s te m s in sta lla tio n s o r ch a n g es and fo r obtaining
equ ip m en t.
M ay p r o v id e fu n ction a l d ir e c tio n
w ho a re a s sig n e d to a s s is t .

to

lo w e r

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS
C o n v e rts statem en ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b le m s , ty p ic a lly p r e p a r e d by a
s y s te m s a n a ly st, in to a seq u en ce o f d e ta ile d in stru ctio n s w hich a re r e q u ir e d
to so lv e the p r o b le m s by au tom atic data p r o c e s s in g equ ipm ent. W orkin g fr o m
c h a rts o r d ia g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s the p r e c is e in stru ctio n s w h ich ,
w hen e n tered in to the c o m p u te r sy ste m in co d e d la n gu a ge, ca u se the m a n ipu ­
la tion o f data to a c h ie v e d e s ir e d r e s u lt s . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
A p p lie s k n ow led ge o f c o m p u te r c a p a b ilitie s , m a th e m a tic s , lo g ic em p loy ed by
c o m p u te r s , and p a r tic u la r su b je ct m a tte r in v o lv e d to an alyze ch a rts and
d ia g r a m s o f the p r o b le m to be p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s seq u en ce o f p r o g r a m
s te p s; w r it e s d e ta ile d flo w c h a rts to show o r d e r in w hich data w ill be
p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s th ese c h a rts to co d e d in s tru ctio n s fo r m a ch in e to fo llo w ;
t e s ts and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s tru ctio n s fo r op era tin g p e r s o n n e l
du rin g p r o d u c tio n run; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lte r s p r o g r a m s to in c r e a s e
o p e ra tin g e ffic ie n c y o r adapt to new r e q u ir e m e n ts ; m ain tains r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d ev elop m en t and r e v is io n s .
(N O T E : W o r k e rs p e r fo r m in g both
s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g should be c la s s ifie d as sy ste m s an alysts
i f th is is the s k ill u sed to d e te rm in e th e ir pay.)

le v e l s y s te m s an alysts

C la s s B .
W ork s in depen den tly o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
p r o b le m s that a re r e la t iv e ly u n c o m p lica te d to a n a ly z e , plan, p r o g r a m , and
o p e r a te .
P r o b le m s a re o f lim ite d c o m p le x it y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input data
a re h om og en eou s and the output data a re c lo s e ly r e la te d .
(F o r e x a m p le ,




25

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B U SIN E SS— C o n tin u e d

COM PUTER O PERATOR

D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le f o r the m a n a g e ­
m ent o r s u p e r v is io n o f oth e r e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o ­
g r a m m e r s p r im a r ily c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n tific a n d /o r en g in eerin g p r o b le m s .

M o n ito rs and o p e r a t e s the c o n t r o l c o n s o le o f a d ig ita l c o m p u te r to
p r o c e s s data a c c o r d in g to op e ra tin g in s t r u c t io n s , u su a lly p r e p a r e d by a p r o ­
gram m er.
W ork in clu d e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Studies in s tru ctio n s to
d e te rm in e equ ipm en t setup and o p e r a tio n s ; loa d s equ ipm ent w ith r e q u ire d
it e m s (tape r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c .); sw itch e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia ry equ ipm ent into
c ir c u it , and sta r ts and o p e r a t e s c o m p u te r ; m a k es ad ju stm en ts to c o m p u te r to
c o r r e c t o p e ra tin g p r o b le m s and m e e t s p e c ja l c o n d itio n s ; r e v ie w s e r r o r s m ade
d u rin g o p e r a tio n and d e te r m in e s ca u se o r r e fe r s p r o b le m to s u p e r v is o r or
p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a in tain s o p e ra tin g r e c o r d s .
M ay te s t and a s s is t in
c o r r e c t in g p r o g r a m .

F or

w age study p u r p o s e s ,

p r o g r a m m e r s a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W ork s in depen den tly o r u nder on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s w h ich r e q u ir e co m p e te n c e in a ll p h a ses o f p r o g r a m m in g
c o n c e p ts and p r a c t ic e s .
W orkin g fr o m d ia g r a m s and ch a rts w h ich id en tify
the nature o f d e s ir e d r e s u lt s , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g step s to be a c c o m p lis h e d ,
and the r e la tio n s h ip s betw een v a r io u s steps o f the p r o b le m so lv in g rou tin e;
pla n s the fu ll ran ge o f p r o g r a m m in g a c tio n s n eed ed to e ffic ie n tly u tiliz e the
c o m p u te r sy ste m in a ch ie v in g d e s ir e d end p r o d u c ts .

At th is le v e l, p r o g r a m m in g is d iffic u lt b e c a u se c o m p u te r equ ipm ent
m u st be o r g a n iz e d to p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in te r r e la te d but d iv e r s e p r o d u c ts fr o m
n u m erou s and d iv e r s e data e le m e n ts . A w ide v a r ie ty and e x te n siv e n u m ber
o f in te rn a l p r o c e s s in g a c tio n s m u st o c c u r .
T h is r e q u ir e s su ch a c tio n s as
d ev elop m en t o f c o m m o n o p e r a tio n s w h ich can be r e u s e d , esta b lis h m e n t o f
lin kage p oin ts betw een o p e r a t io n s , ad ju stm en ts to data when p r o g r a m r e q u ir e ­
m en ts e x c e e d co m p u te r s to ra g e c a p a c it y , and su bsta n tial m a n ipu lation and
re se q u e n cin g o f data e le m e n ts to fo r m a h igh ly in te g ra te d p r o g r a m .

F or

study p u r p o s e s ,

co m p u te r

op era tors

a re

c la s s ifie d

as

G la s s A . O p e ra te s in dep en d en tly , o r u nder on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n ,
a co m p u te r running p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s :
New p r o g r a m s a r e fre q u e n tly te s te d and in tr o d u ce d ; sch ed u lin g r e q u ire m e n ts
a re o f c r i t i c a l im p o r ta n c e to m in im iz e d ow n tim e; the p r o g r a m s a re o f
c o m p le x d e s ig n so that id e n tifica tio n o f e r r o r s o u r c e often r e q u ir e s a w ork in g
kn ow led ge o f the to ta l p r o g r a m , and a ltern a te p r o g r a m s m a y not be a v a ila b le .
M ay g iv e d ir e c tio n and gu id an ce to lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B . O p e ra te s in depen den tly , o r u nder on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n ,
a co m p u te r running p r o g r a m s with m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s :
M ost o f the p r o g r a m s a r e e s ta b lis h e d p r o d u c tio n ruins, t y p ic a lly run on a
r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; th e re is little o r no te s tin g o f new p r o g r a m s
r e q u ir e d ; a ltern a te p r o g r a m s a re p r o v id e d in c a s e o r ig in a l p r o g r a m n eed s
m a jo r change o r can not be c o r r e c t e d w ithin a r e a s o n a b ly sh ort tim e . In
c o m m o n e r r o r situ a tio n s, d ia g n o s e s c a u se and ta k es c o r r e c t iv e a c tio n .
T h is
u su a lly in v o lv e s a p plyin g p r e v io u s ly p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t iv e s te p s , o r using
stan dard c o r r e c t io n te c h n iq u e s .

M ay p r o v id e fu n ctio n a l d ir e c tio n to lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r s who are
a s sig n e d to a s s is t .
C la s s B . W ork s in dep en d en tly o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
r e la t iv e ly s im p le p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le se g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r se g m e n ts ) u su a lly p r o c e s s in fo rm a tio n to p r o d u c e data in tw o
o r th re e v a r ie d s e q u e n c e s o r fo r m a t s .
R e p o r ts and lis tin g s a r e p r o d u c e d by
re fin in g , adapting, a r r a y in g , o r m akin g m in o r ad d ition s to o r d e le tio n s fr o m
input data w h ich a r e r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W hile n u m erou s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the data have b een r e fin e d in p r io r a ctio n s so that the a c c u r a c y
and seq u en cin g o f data can be te s te d b y u sin g a few rou tin e c h e c k s . T y p ic a lly ,
the p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith rou tin e r e c o r d k e e p in g o p e r a tio n s .

OR
O p e ra te s u nder d ir e c t s u p e r v is io n a co m p u te r running p r o g r a m s o r
seg m en ts o f p r o g r a m s w ith the c h a r a c t e r is t ic s d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A . M ay
a s s is t a h ig h er le v e l o p e r a t o r by in dep en d en tly p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta sk s
a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt ta sk s fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tru ctio n s and
w ith freq u en t r e v ie w o f o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d .

e x p e cte d
a b ility to
r e c e iv e d
op era tor

OR
W ork s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (as d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A ) under c lo s e
d ir e c tio n o f a h ig h er le v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r . M ay a s s is t h igh er
le v e l p r o g r a m m e r by in depen den tly p e r fo r m in g le s s d ifficu lt ta sk s a s s ig n e d ,
and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt ta sk s under fa ir ly c lo s e d ir e c tio n .

C la s s C . W ork s on rou tin e p r o g r a m s u nder c lo s e s u p e r v is io n . Is
to d e v e lo p w ork in g k n ow led ge o f the c o m p u te r equ ipm ent u sed and
d e te ct p r o b le m s in v o lv e d in running rou tin e p r o g r a m s .
U sually has
som e fo r m a l tra in in g in co m p u te r o p e r a tio n . M ay a s s is t h igh er le v e l
on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .

DRAFTER
C la ss A . P la n s the g ra p h ic p r e s e n ta tio n o f c o m p le x it e m s having
d is tin c tiv e d e s ig n fe a tu r e s that d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m e sta b lis h e d d raftin g
p r e c e d e n ts .
W ork s in c lo s e su pport w ith the d e s ig n o r ig in a to r , and m a y
r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s. A n a ly z e s the e ffe c t o f ea ch change on the
d e ta ils o f fo r m , fu n ctio n , and p o s itio n a l re la tio n s h ip s o f com p on en ts and p a rts .
W ork s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is ta n c e .
C om p leted w ork is
r e v ie w e d by d e s ig n o r ig in a to r fo r c o n s is t e n c y with p r io r en g in eerin g d e t e r ­
m in a tio n s .
M ay e ith e r p r e p a r e d ra w in g s o r d ir e c t th e ir p r e p a r a tio n by lo w e r
le v e l d r a ft e r s .

M ay guide o r in s tr u c t lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s C .
M akes p r a c t ic a l a p p lica tio n s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t ic e s
and c o n c e p ts u su a lly le a rn e d in fo r m a l tra in in g c o u r s e s . A s sig n m e n ts a re
d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e te n c e in the a p p lica tio n o f standard p r o c e d u r e s to
rou tin e p r o b le m s . R e c e iv e s c l o s e s u p e r v is io n on new a s p e c ts o f a s sig n m e n ts ;
and w ork is r e v ie w e d to v e r ify its a c c u r a c y and c o n fo r m a n c e w ith r e q u ire d
p roced u res.




w age

fo llo w s :

26

D RA F T E R — C o n tin u e d

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — C o n tin u e d

C la s s B . P e r fo r m s n onroutin e and c o m p le x d raftin g a ssig n m en ts
that r e q u ir e the a p p lica tio n o f m o s t o f the sta n d a rd iz ed draw in g tech n iq u es
r e g u la r ly u sed .
D uties ty p ic a lly in v o lv e such w ork a s :
P r e p a r e s w ork in g
d raw in gs o f s u b a s s e m b lie s with ir r e g u la r sh a p es, m u ltip le fu n c tio n s, and
p r e c is e p o s itio n a l re la tio n s h ip s b etw een c o m p o n e n ts; p r e p a r e s a r c h it e c t u r a l
d raw in gs f o r c o n s tr u c tio n o f a bu ildin g in clu d in g d e ta il d ra w in g s o f fou n ­
d a tion s, w a ll s e c tio n s , flo o r p la n s , and r o o f.
U ses a c c e p te d fo r m u la s and
m anu als in m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y com p u ta tion s to d e te rm in e qu an tities o f
m a te r ia ls to be u se d , load c a p a c it ie s , stre n g th s, s t r e s s e s , e tc . R e c e iv e s
in itia l in s tr u c tio n s , r e q u ir e m e n ts , and a d v ice fr o m s u p e r v is o r .
C om p leted
w o rk is c h e c k e d fo r te c h n ic a l a d equ acy.

T h is c la s s ific a t io n e x clu d e s r e p a ir e r s o f such standard e le c t r o n ic
equ ipm ent as c o m m o n o ffic e m a ch in e s and h ou seh old ra d io and te le v is io n
s e ts ; p ro d u ctio n a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y duty is
s e r v ic in g e le c t r o n ic te s t in stru m e n ts ; te c h n ic ia n s who have a d m in istra tiv e
o r s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s ib ility ; and d r a ft e r s , d e s ig n e r s , and p r o fe s s io n a l
e n g in e e r s .

C la s s C . P r e p a r e s d e ta il draw in gs o f sin g le units o r p a rts f o r
e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tr u c tio n , m a n u fa ctu rin g , o r r e p a ir p u r p o s e s .
T y p es o f
d raw in gs p r e p a r e d in clu d e is o m e t r ic p r o je c t io n s (d ep ictin g th r e e d im e n s io n s
in a c c u r a te s c a le ) and s e c tio n a l v iew s to c la r ify p osition in g o f com p on en ts
and c o n v e y n eeded in fo rm a tio n .
C o n so lid a te s d e ta ils fr o m a n u m ber o f
s o u r c e s and a d ju sts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ir e d .
S u ggested m eth od s o f
a p p roa ch , a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n ts , and a d v ice on s o u r c e m a te r ia ls a r e given
w ith in itia l a s sig n m e n ts . In stru ction s a r e le s s c o m p le te when a ssig n m en ts
recu r.
W ork m a y be s p o t-c h e c k e d during p r o g r e s s .

P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s .

a re

c la s s ifie d

into

le v e ls

on the

b a s is o f the fo llo w in g

C la s s A . A p p lie s ad va n ced te c h n ic a l k n ow ledge to so lv e u nusually
c o m p le x p r o b le m s ( i .e ., th o se that ty p ic a lly cannot be s o lv e d s o le ly by r e f e r ­
en ce to m a n u fa c tu r e r s 1 m anu als o r s im ila r d ocu m en ts) in w ork in g on e l e c ­
tr o n ic equ ip m en t.
E x a m p les o f su ch p r o b le m s in clu d e loca tion and d en sity o f
c ir c u it r y , e le c tr o m a g n e tic ra d ia tio n , is o la tin g m a lfu n ctio n s, and freq u en t
e n g in e e rin g c h a n g e s.
W ork in v o lv e s : A d eta iled understan din g o f the in t e r ­
re la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s ; e x e r c is in g independent ju dgm en t in p e r fo r m in g su ch
ta sk s as m akin g c ir c u it a n a ly s e s , c a lcu la tin g w ave fo r m s , tr a c in g r e la t io n ­
sh ip s in sig n a l flo w ; and r e g u la r ly u sin g c o m p le x te s t in stru m en ts (e .g ., dual
tr a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d ev ia tion m e t e r s , p u lse g e n e r a t o r s ).

W ork m a y be r e v ie w e d by s u p e r v is o r (freq u en tly an e n g in eer o r
d e s ig n e r ) fo r g e n e r a l c o m p lia n c e with a c c e p te d p r a c t ic e s . M ay p r o v id e
t e c h n ic a l gu id an ce to lo w e r le v e l te c h n ic ia n s .

D R A F T E R -T R A C E R

C o p ie s plans and d raw in gs p r e p a r e d by o th e r s by p la cin g tr a c in g
clo th o r p a p er o v e r d raw in gs and tr a c in g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
(D oes not
in clu d e tr a c in g lim ite d to plans p r im a r ily c o n s is tin g o f stra ig h t lin e s and a
la r g e s c a le not re q u irin g c lo s e d elin ea tion .)
A N D /O R
P r e p a r e s sim p le o r rep etitiv e draw in gs o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d it e m s .
W ork is c lo s e ly s u p e r v is e d du ring p r o g r e s s .

C la s s B . A p p lie s c o m p r e h e n s iv e te c h n ic a l kn ow ledge to so lv e c o m ­
p le x p r o b le m s ( i .e ., th ose that ty p ic a lly can be so lv e d s o le ly by p r o p e r ly
in te r p r e tin g m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m anu als o r s im ila r d ocu m en ts) in w ork in g on
e le c t r o n ic equ ip m en t.
W ork in v o lv e s : A fa m ilia r ity with the in te r r e la tio n ­
sh ips o f c ir c u it s ; and ju d g m en t in d e term in in g w ork seq u en ce and in se le ctin g
to o ls and te s tin g in stru m e n ts , u su a lly le s s c o m p le x than th ose u sed b y the
c la s s A te c h n ic ia n .
R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l g u id a n ce, as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h igh er
le v e l te c h n ic ia n , and w ork is r e v ie w e d fo r s p e c ific c o m p lia n ce w ith a c c e p te d
p r a c t ic e s and w ork a s s ig n m e n ts .
M ay p r o v id e te c h n ic a l guidance to lo w e r
le v e l te c h n ic ia n s .

E L E C T R O N IC S TECH NICIAN

W ork s on v a r io u s ty p es o f e le c tr o n ic equ ipm ent and r e la te d d e v ic e s
by p e r fo r m in g one o r a com b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g : In sta llin g , m a in tain in g,
r e p a ir in g , ov e rh a u lin g , tro u b le s h o o tin g , m od ify in g , c o n s tr u c tin g , and te s tin g .
W ork r e q u ir e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lica tion o f te c h n ic a l kn ow led ge o f e le c t r o n ic s
p r in c ip le s , a b ility to d e te rm in e m a lfu n c tio n s, and s k ill to put equ ipm ent in
r e q u ire d op era tin g con d ition .

The equ ipm ent— c o n s is tin g o f e ith e r m any d iffe r e n t kinds o f c ir c u it s
o r m u ltip le r e p e titio n o f the sam e kind o f c ir c u it — in c lu d e s , but is not lim ited
to , the fo llo w in g : (a) E le c t r o n ic tra n sm ittin g and r e c e iv in g equ ipm ent (e .g .,
r a d a r, r a d io , te le v is io n , telep h on e, so n a r, n a v iga tion a l a id s), (b) d ig ita l and
analog c o m p u te r s , and (c) in d u str ia l and m e d ic a l m e a su rin g and c o n tro llin g
equ ipm ent.




C la s s C . A p p lie s w ork in g te c h n ic a l kn ow led ge to p e r fo r m sim p le o r
rou tin e ta sk s in w ork in g on e le c t r o n ic equ ipm en t, fo llo w in g d eta iled in s t r u c ­
tion s w h ich c o v e r v ir tu a lly a ll p r o c e d u r e s .
W ork ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s such
ta sk s a s : A s s is tin g h igh er le v e l te c h n ic ia n s by p e r fo r m in g such a c tiv it ie s as
r e p la c in g c o m p o n e n ts , w irin g c ir c u it s , and taking te s t re a d in g s; r e p a ir in g
s im p le e le c t r o n ic equ ipm en t; and u sin g to o ls and co m m o n test in stru m en ts
(e .g ., m u lt im e t e r s , audio sig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tube t e s t e r s , o s c ill o s c o p e s ) .
Is not r e q u ir e d to be fa m ilia r w ith the in te r r e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s .
T h is
k n ow led g e, h o w e v e r , m a y be a c q u ir e d th rough a ssig n m en ts d esig n ed to
in c r e a s e c o m p e te n c e (in clu d in g c la s s r o o m train in g ) so that w o r k e r can
ad vance to h ig h er le v e l te c h n ic ia n .
R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l g u id a n ce, as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h igh er
le v e l te c h n ic ia n .
W ork is t y p ic a lly spot c h e c k e d , but is given d eta iled re v ie w
w hen n ew o r ad va n ced a s sig n m e n ts a re in v o lv e d .

R E G IS T E R E D IN D U S TR IA L NURSE

R E G IS T E R E D IN D U STR IA L NURSE— Continued

A r e g is t e r e d n u rse w ho g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e under g e n e r a l m e d ic a l
d ir e c tio n to i l l o r in ju re d e m p lo y e e s o r oth e r p e r s o n s who b e c o m e i l l o r
s u ffe r an a c c id e n t on the p r e m is e s o f a fa c t o r y o r oth er e sta b lis h m e n t.
D uties in v o lv e a co m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g ; G ivin g f ir s t aid to the i l l o r
in ju r e d ; attending to su bsequ en t d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; keepin g
r e c o r d s o f p a tien ts tr e a te d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s fo r c o m p e n sa tio n o r

oth e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s is tin g in p h y s ic a l ex a m in a tion s and health ev a lu a tion s o f
a p p lica n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y in g out p r o g r a m s in v olv in g
health ed u ca tion , a c c id e n t p r e v e n tio n , ev alu ation o f plant en v iron m en t, o r
oth e r a c tiv it ie s a ffe c tin g the health, w e lfa r e , and sa fety o f a ll p e r s o n n e l.
N u rsin g s u p e r v is o r s o r head n u r s e s in e sta b lis h m e n ts em p loy in g m o r e than
one n u rse a re e x clu d e d .

MAINTENANCE, TOOLROOM, AND POWERPLANT
M AIN TE N A N C E C A R P E N T E R

M A IN TE N AN C E M ACHINIST

P e r fo r m s the c a r p e n tr y d u ties n e c e s s a r y to c o n s tr u c t and m ain tain
in g ood r e p a ir bu ild in g w o o d w o rk and equ ipm ent such as b in s , c r i b s , c o u n te r s ,
b e n c h e s , p a r titio n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a ir s , c a s in g s , and tr im m ade o f w ood
in an e sta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g ; Planning and
layin g out o f w ork fr o m b lu e p r in ts , d ra w in g s, m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tr u c tio n s ;
u sin g a v a r ie ty o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d tools, p o rta b le p o w e r to o ls , and standard
m e a s u rin g in stru m e n ts ; m akin g stan dard shop com p u ta tion s rela tin g to d im e n ­
sio n s o f w o rk ; and s e le c t in g m a te r ia ls n e c e s s a r y f o r the w o rk . In g e n e r a l,
the w ork o f the m a in ten a n ce c a r p e n te r r e q u ir e s rou n ded tra in in g and e x p e r i­
e n ce u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r eq u iv a len t tra in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .

P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a rts and new p a rts in m aking r e p a ir s o f
m e ta l p a rts o f m e c h a n ic a l equ ipm ent o p e r a te d in an e sta b lis h m e n t.
W ork
in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In terp retin g w ritten in s tru ctio n s and s p e c i­
fic a t io n s ; planning and la yin g out o f w o rk ; u sin g a v a r ie ty o f m a c h in is t's
h an dtools and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in stru m e n ts ; settin g up and o p e ra tin g
stan dard m a ch in e t o o ls ; shaping o f m e ta l p a rts to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; m akin g
stan dard shop com p u ta tion s rela tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o rk , to o lin g , fe e d s ,
and sp eed s o f m a ch in in g; k n ow led ge o f the w ork in g p r o p e r t ie s o f the c o m m o n
m e t a ls ; s e le ctin g stan dard m a t e r ia ls , p a r t s , and equ ipm ent re q u ire d fo r this
w o rk ; and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a rts into m e c h a n ic a l equ ipm ent. In g e n e r a l,
the m a c h in is t's w o rk n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a roun ded tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p
p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r eq u ivalen t
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M AIN TE N A N C E E L E C T R IC IA N
M A IN TE N A N C E M ECHANIC (M a ch in ery )
R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l equ ipm en t o f an e sta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E xam in in g m a ch in e s and m e c h a n ic a l
equ ipm en t to d ia g n o se s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d ism a n tlin g o r p a rtly dism a n tlin g
m a ch in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly in v o lv e the u se o f h an dtools in
sc r a p in g and fittin g p a rts ; r e p la c in g b ro k e n o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts with ite m s
obtain ed fr o m s to ck ; o r d e r in g the p r o d u c tio n o f a re p la c e m e n t part by a
m a ch in e shop o r sending the m a ch in e to a m a ch in e shop fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s ;
p r e p a r in g w ritten s p e c ific a tio n s fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r fo r the p ro d u ctio n o f
p a rts o r d e r e d fr o m m a ch in e sh op s; r e a s s e m b lin g m a ch in e s ; and m akin g a ll
n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm en ts fo r o p e r a tio n .
In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f a m a ch in e ry
m a in ten a n ce m e ch a n ic r e q u ir e s rou n ded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally
a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r eq u iv a len t train in g and e x p e r i­
e n ce .
E x clu d ed fr o m th is c la s s ific a t io n a re w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a ry duties
in v o lv e settin g up o r ad ju stin g m a ch in e s .

P e r fo r m s a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic a l tra d e fu n ctio n s such as the in s t a l­
la tion , m a in ten a n ce, o r r e p a ir o f equ ipm ent fo r the g e n e r a tio n , d is tr ib u tio n ,
o r u tiliza tio n o f e le c t r ic e n e rg y in an esta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t
o f the fo llo w in g : In stallin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic a l eq u ip ­
m en t such as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s fo r m e r s , sw itch b o a rd s , c o n t r o ll e r s , c ir c u it
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , heating u n its, condu it s y s t e m s , o r oth er tr a n s m is s io n
equ ipm en t; w ork in g fr o m b lu e p r in ts , d ra w in g s , la y ou ts, o r oth er s p e c if i­
c a tio n s ; lo ca tin g and d ia g n osin g tr o u b le in the e le c t r ic a l sy ste m o r e q u ip ­
m en t; w ork in g standard com p u ta tion s rela tin g to load re q u ire m e n ts o f w irin g
o r e le c t r ic a l equ ipm en t; and u sin g a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic ia n 's h an dtools and
m e a s u rin g and testin g in stru m e n ts . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in ten an ce
e le c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s rou n ded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a cq u ire d th rough
a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r eq u ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A IN TE N A N C E M ECH A N IC (M o to r V e h ic le s )

M AIN TE N A N C E P A IN T E R

R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g ; E xam in in g a u tom otiv e eq u ip ­
m en t to d ia g n ose s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g equ ipm ent and p e r fo r m in g
r e p a ir s that in v o lv e the u se o f su ch h an d tools as w r e n c h e s , g a u g es, d r ills ,
o r s p e c ia liz e d equ ipm ent in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a rts; r e p la c in g brok en
o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts fr o m sto ck ; grin d in g and adju sting v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and
in sta llin g the v a r io u s a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le and m akin g n e c e s s a r y a d ju st­
m e n ts ; and align in g w h e e ls , ad ju sting b ra k e s and lig h ts, o r tigh ten in g body
bo-lts.
In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m o t o r v e h ic le m a in ten an ce m ech a n ic
r e q u ir e s rou n ded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l
a p p re n tice s h ip o r eq u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

P aints and r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w ood w ork , and fix tu re s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s the fo llo w in g ; K n ow ledge o f s u r fa c e p e c u lia r itie s
and ty p es o f paint r e q u ire d fo r d iffe r e n t a p p lic a tio n s ; p re p a rin g s u r fa c e fo r
painting by r e m o v in g old fin ish o r by p la cin g putty o r fill e r in n a il h o le s and
in t e r s t ic e s ; and ap plying paint w ith sp ra y gun o r bru sh .
M ay m ix c o l o r s ,
o ils , w hite lea d , and oth e r paint in g re d ie n ts to obtain p r o p e r c o lo r o r
c o n s is t e n c y . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in ten an ce pa in ter r e q u ir e s rounded
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a cq u ire d th rough a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r
eq u ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .




28

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M o t o r V e h i c l e s ) — C o n tin u e d

M A C H I N E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ( T o o l r o o m )

T h is c la s s ific a t io n d o e s not in clu d e m e c h a n ic s w ho r e p a ir c u s t o m e r s '
v e h ic le s in a u tom ob ile r e p a ir sh op s.

S p e c ia liz e s in the o p e r a tio n o f one o r m o r e ty p e s o f m a ch in e t o o l s ,
su ch as jig b o r e r s , c y lin d r ic a l o r s u r fa c e g r in d e r s ; engine la th es; o r m illin g
m a c h in e s , in the c o n s tr u c tio n o f m a c h in e -s h o p t o o l s , g a u g es, j i g s , fix tu r e s ,
o r d ie s .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and p e r fo r m in g
d iffic u lt m a ch in in g o p e r a t io n s ; p r o c e s s in g ite m s r e q u irin g c o m p lica te d setups
o r a high d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u sin g a v a r ie ty o f p r e c is io n m e a su rin g in s t r u ­
m e n ts ; s e le c tin g fe e d s , s p e e d s , to o lin g , and o p e r a tio n seq u en ce; and m aking
n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm en ts d u rin g o p e r a tio n to a ch iev e re q u isite t o le r a n c e s o r
d im e n s io n s . M ay be r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e when to o ls n eed d r e s s in g , to
d r e s s t o o l s , and to s e le c t p r o p e r c o o la n ts and cutting and lu b rica tin g o ils .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w age study p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e -to o l o p e r a t o r s (to o lr o o m )
in t o o l and d ie job b in g sh ops a r e e x clu d ed fr o m th is c la s s ific a tio n .

M AIN TE N A N C E P IP E F IT T E R
In sta lls o r r e p a ir s w a te r , stea m , g a s , o r oth er ty p e s o f pip e and
p ip efittin g s in an e sta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g ; L ayin g
out w o rk and m e a su rin g to lo c a te p o s itio n o f pipe fr o m d ra w in gs o r oth er
w ritten s p e c ific a t io n s ; cuttin g v a r io u s s iz e s o f pipe to c o r r e c t len gths with
c h is e l and h a m m er o r o x y a ce ty le n e t o r c h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a ch in e s ; th readin g
pipe w ith s to ck s and d ie s ; bending pip e by h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r -d r iv e n
m a ch in e s; a s s e m b lin g pip e w ith co u p lin g s and fasten in g pipe to h a n g e rs;
m aking stan dard shop com p u ta tion s re la tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f
pipe r e q u ire d ; and m akin g stan dard te s ts to d e te rm in e w hether fin ish ed p ip e s
m e e t s p e c ific a t io n s . In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m a in ten an ce p ip e fitte r
r e q u ir e s roun ded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l
a p p re n tice s h ip o r equ iv alen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
W o r k e rs p r im a r ily
en gaged in in sta llin g and r e p a ir in g bu ildin g sanitation o r heating sy s te m s
a re e x clu d e d .
M AIN TEN AN CE S H E E T -M E T A L W ORKER
F a b r ic a te s , in s t a lls , and m a in tain s in g ood r e p a ir the s h e e t-m e ta l
equ ipm ent and fix tu r e s (su ch as m a ch in e g u a rd s , g r e a s e p a n s, s h e lv e s ,
lo c k e r s , tanks, v e n t ila t o r s , c h u te s , d u cts, m e ta l r o o fin g ) o f an esta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and layin g out a ll ty p es o f
s h e e t-m e ta l m a in ten an ce w ork fr o m b lu e p r in ts , m o d e ls , o r oth er s p e c ifi­
c a tio n s ; setting up and o p e ra tin g a ll a v a ila b le ty p e s o f s h e e t-m e ta l w ork in g
m a ch in e s; u sin g a v a r ie ty o f h an dtools in cu ttin g, ben din g, fo r m in g , shaping,
fittin g, and a s s e m b lin g ; and in sta llin g s h e e t-m e ta l a r t ic le s as r e q u ir e d . In
g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m a in ten an ce s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s roun ded
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r
equ ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M ILLW R IG H T
In sta lls new m a ch in e s o r h eavy equ ipm en t, and d is m a n tle s and
in s t a lls m a ch in e s o r h eavy equ ipm ent w hen ch a n g es in the plant layout a re
r e q u ir e d .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and layin g out
w o rk ; in te r p r e tin g b lu ep rin ts o r oth e r s p e c ific a tio n s ; u sin g a v a r ie ty o f handto o ls and r ig g in g ; m akin g stan dard shop com p u ta tion s rela tin g to s t r e s s e s ,
stren g th o f m a t e r ia ls , and c e n t e r s o f g ra v ity ; align in g and ba la n cin g eq u ip ­
m en t; s e le c tin g stan dard t o o l s , equ ipm en t, and p a rts to be u sed; and in sta llin g
and m a in tain in g in g ood o r d e r p ow er tr a n s m is s io n equipm ent su ch as d r iv e s
and sp eed r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t's w ork n o rm a lly r e q u ir e s a
rou n ded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in the tra d e a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l
a p p re n tice s h ip o r equ iv alen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M AIN TE N A N C E TR A D E S H E LPE R
A s s is t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m a in ten an ce t r a d e s , by
p e r fo r m in g s p e c ific o r g e n e r a l d u ties o f le s s e r s k ill, such as k eepin g a
w o r k e r su pplied w ith m a te r ia ls and t o o ls ; clea n in g w ork in g a r e a , m a ch in e ,
and equ ipm en t; a s s is tin g jou rn ey m a n by h olding m a te r ia ls o r t o o ls ; and p e r ­
fo r m in g oth e r u n sk illed ta sk s as d ir e c te d by jo u rn e y m a n . The kind o f w ork
the h e lp e r is p e rm itte d to p e r fo r m v a r ie s fr o m tra d e to t r a d e : In som e
tr a d e s the h elp er is con fin ed to su pplyin g, liftin g , and holding m a te r ia ls and
t o o l s , and clea n in g w ork in g a r e a s ; and in o th e r s he is p erm itted to p e r fo r m
s p e c ia liz e d m a ch in e o p e r a tio n s , o r p a rts o f a tra d e that are a ls o p e r fo r m e d
by w o r k e r s on a fu ll-tim e b a s is .




29

T O O L AN D DIE M AK ER
C o n s tr u c ts and r e p a ir s m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a u g es, j i g s , fix tu r e s
o r d ie s f o r fo r g in g s , pu nch ing, and oth er m e t a l-fo r m in g w o rk .
W ork
in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and layin g out w ork a c c o r d in g to
m o d e ls , b lu e p r in ts , d ra w in g s , o r oth e r o r a l and w ritten s p e c ific a t io n s ; u sin g
a v a r ie ty o f t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's h an dtools and p r e c is io n m e a su rin g in s t r u ­
m e n ts ; u n derstan din g o f the w ork in g p r o p e r t ie s o f c o m m o n m e ta ls and a llo y s ;
settin g up and o p e ra tin g o f m a ch in e to o ls and r e la te d equ ipm en t; m aking
n e c e s s a r y shop com p u ta tion s rela tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o rk , s p e e d s , fe e d s ,
and to o lin g o f m a ch in e s ; h e a t-tre a tin g o f m e ta l p a rts du ring fa b r ic a tio n as
w e ll as o f fin ish e d to o ls and d ie s to a ch ie v e r e q u ire d q u a litie s ; w ork in g to
c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; fittin g and a s s e m b lin g o f p a rts to p r e s c r ib e d to le r a n c e s
and a llo w a n c e s ; and s e le c tin g a p p ro p ria te m a te r ia ls , t o o l s , and p r o c e s s e s .
In g e n e r a l, the t o o l and die m a k e r 's w ork r e q u ir e s a rounded tra in in g in
m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l
a p p re n tice s h ip o r eq u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w age study p u r p o s e s , t o o l and d ie m a k e rs in
t o o l and d ie jo b b in g sh ops a r e ex clu d e d fr o m th is c la s s ific a t io n .
S T A T IO N A R Y EN GIN EER
O p era tes and m a in tain s and 'm a y a ls o s u p e r v is e the o p e r a tio n of
sta tio n a ry en g in es and equ ipm ent (m e c h a n ica l o r e le c t r ic a l) to supply the
esta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , heat, r e fr ig e r a t io n , o r a i r con d itio n in g .
W ork in v o lv e s : O peratin g and m ain taining equipm ent such as
stea m e n g in e s, a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , tu r b in e s, v en tilatin g
and r e fr ig e r a tin g equ ipm en t, steam b o i le r s and b o i le r - f e d w a ter pu m ps;
m akin g equ ipm ent r e p a ir s ; and keep in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a tio n o f m a c h in e r y ,
te m p e r a tu r e , and fu e l co n s u m p tio n . M ay a ls o s u p e r v is e th ese o p e r a tio n s .
Head o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e sta b lis h m e n ts e m p loy in g m o r e than one en g in e e r
a r e e x clu d e d .

B O IL E R TEN D E R
F ir e s sta tion a ry b o ile r s to fu rn ish the esta b lish m en t in w hich
e m p lo y e d w ith h eat, p o w e r , o r steam .
F e e d s fu e ls to fir e by hand o r
o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s to k e r , g a s, o r o il b u r n e r ; and c h e c k s w a ter and
sa fety v a lv e s .
M ay c le a n , o il, o r a s s is t in r e p a ir in g b o ile r r o o m equ ipm ent.

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
TRU C K D R IV E R

W A R E H O U S E M A N — C o n t in u e d

D riv e s a tr u c k 'w ith in a c ity o r in d u str ia l a r e a to tr a n s p o rt m a te ­
r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e , equ ipm en t, o r w o r k e r s betw een v a r io u s ty p es o f e s ta b ­
lish m en ts such a s :
M an ufacturin g p la n ts, fr e ig h t d e p o ts, w a r e h o u s e s , w h o le ­
sa le and re ta il e sta b lis h m e n ts , o r betw een r e t a i l e sta b lish m en ts and
c u s t o m e r s ' h ou ses o r p la c e s of b u sin e s s. M ay a ls o loa d or unload tru ck with
o r w ithout h e lp e r s , m ake m in o r m e c h a n ica l r e p a ir s , and keep tru ck in good
w o r k i n g ord er.
S a le s -r o u te and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s are e x c lu d e d .

E x clu d e w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y d u ties in v o lv e shipping and r e c e iv in g
w ork (s e e Shipping and R e c e iv in g C le rk and Shipping P a c k e r ), o r d e r fillin g
(s e e O rd e r F il le r ), or op era tin g p ow er tru ck s (s e e P o w e r -T r u c k O p e r a to r ).

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , tr u c k d r iv e r s are c la s s ifie d by s iz e and
type o f equ ipm en t, as fo llo w s :
( T r a c t o r -t r a i l e r should be rated on the b a sis
o f t r a ile r c a p a city .)
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,

light tru ck (u nder IV 2 ton s)
m ed iu m tru ck (1 V2 to and in clu din g 4 ton s)
h eavy tru ck (tr a ile r ) (o v e r 4 ton s)
heavy tru ck (oth er than t r a ile r ) (o v e r 4 ton s)

SHIPPING AND RE CEIVIN G C LE R K
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e fo r sh ipm ent, o r r e c e iv e s and is r e s p o n s ib le
fo r in co m in g sh ipm en ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r oth er m a te r ia ls .
Shipping w ork
in v o lv e s : A k n ow ledge o f shipping p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t ic e s , r o u te s , a v a ila b le
m ea n s o f tr a n sp o rta tio n , and r a te s ; and p rep a rin g r e c o r d s o f the g ood s
sh ipp ed, m aking up b ills o f la din g, postin g w eight and shipping c h a r g e s , and
keeping a file o f shipping r e c o r d s .
M ay d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p re p a rin g the
m e r c h a n d is e fo r sh ipm en t.
R e c e iv in g w ork in v o lv e s : V erify in g o r d ir e c tin g
o th e rs in v e rify in g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f sh ipm ents against b ills of ladin g,
in v o ic e s , o r oth er r e c o r d s ; ch eck in g fo r sh o rta g e s and r e je c tin g dam aged
g o o d s; routing m e r c h a n d is e o r m a te r ia ls to p r o p e r d ep a rtm en ts; and m a in ­
taining n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and file s .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s ,

O RD ER F IL L E R
F ills shipping o r tr a n s fe r o r d e r s fo r fin ish ed good s fr o m s to re d
m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c ific a tio n s on s a le s s lip s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r oth er in s t r u c t io n s .
M ay, in addition to fillin g o r d e r s and in d i­
ca tin g ite m s fille d o r o m itte d , keep r e c o r d s o f ou tgoing o r d e r s , r e q u is itio n
a d d ition a l sto ck o r r e p o r t sh ort su p p lies to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r fo r m oth er
re la te d d u ties.

SHIPPING PA C K E R
P r e p a r e s fin ish ed p r o d u cts fo r shipm ent o r s to ra g e by p la cin g them
in shipping c o n t a in e r s , the s p e c ific o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d bein g depen den t upon
the ty pe, s iz e , and n u m ber o f units to be p a ck ed , the type o f c o n ta in e r
e m p lo y e d , and m eth od o f sh ipm en t.
W ork r e q u ir e s the p la cin g o f ite m s in
shipping c o n ta in e rs and m ay in v olv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : K now ledge
o f v a r io u s ite m s o f sto ck in o r d e r to v e r ify con ten t; s e le c t io n o f a p p rop ria te
type and s iz e o f co n ta in e r; in s e r tin g e n c lo s u r e s in c o n ta in e r; using e x c e ls io r
o r oth er m a te r ia l to p rev en t b r ea k a g e o r d a m a g e; c lo s in g and sea lin g c o n ­
ta in e r; and applying la b e ls o r en terin g id en tifyin g data on co n ta in e r.
P ack ers
who a lso m ake w ooden b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e ex clu d ed .
M A T E R IA L HANDLING L A B O R E R
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa ctu rin g plant, s t o r e , o r
oth e r esta b lis h m e n t w h ose du ties in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g :
Loading and unloading v a r io u s m a te r ia ls and m e r c h a n d is e on o r fr o m fr e ig h t
c a r s , tr u c k s , o r oth er tra n sp o rtin g d e v ic e s ; u n pa ckin g, sh elv in g, o r pla cin g
m a te r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r sto ra g e lo c a tio n ; and tra n sp ortin g
m a te r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e by han dtruck, c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w .
L on g sh ore
w o r k e r s , who loa d and unload sh ip s, a r e e x c lu d e d .

w o r k e r s a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

Shipping c le r k
R e c e iv in g c le r k
Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k

W AREHOUSEMAN
P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R
A s d ir e c te d , p e r fo r m s a v a r ie ty o f w a reh ou sin g duties w hich re q u ire
an understan din g o f the e s ta b lis h m e n t's stora g e pla n . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t
o f the fo llo w in g : V erify in g m a te r ia ls (o r m e r c h a n d is e ) against r e ce iv in g
d o cu m e n ts, noting and re p o rtin g d is c r e p a n c ie s and ob v iou s d a m a g e s; routing
m a te r ia ls to p r e s c r ib e d s to ra g e lo c a tio n s ; sto rin g , stack in g, o r p a lletizin g
m a te r ia ls in a c c o r d a n c e with p r e s c r ib e d stora g e m eth od s; re a rra n g in g and
t a k i n g in v en tory o f sto re d m a te r ia ls ; exam inin g stored m a te r ia ls and
r e p o rtin g d e te r io r a tio n and d a m a g e; rem o v in g m a te r ia l fr o m s to ra g e and
p rep a rin g it for shipm ent.
M ay op era te hand o r p ow er tru ck s in p e r fo rm in g
w a reh ou sin g du ties.




O p era tes a m a n u ally c o n tr o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic -p o w e r e d tru ck
o r tr a c t o r to tr a n sp o rt g ood s and m a te r ia ls o f a ll kinds about a w a re h o u se ,
m a n u factu rin g plant, o r oth er e sta b lish m en t.

tr u ck ,

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s are c la s s ifie d by type o f p o w e r as fo llo w s :
F o r k lift o p e r a to r
P o w e r -t r u c k o p e r a t o r (oth er than fo r k lift)

30

GUARD AN D W ATCH M A N

JA N IT O R , P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R

G u a rd . P e r fo r m s routine p o lic e d u tie s , eith e r at fix e d p o s t o r on
to u r , m a in tain in g o r d e r , u sin g a r m s o r f o r c e w h ere n e c e s s a r y . In clu d es
g u a rds w ho a r e station ed at gate and ch e c k on iden tity o f e m p lo y e e s and
o th e r p e r s o n s e n te r in g .

C lea n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r ly con d ition fa c to r y w ork in g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m is e s o f an o f f i c e , ap artm en t h ou se, o r c o m m e r c ia l
o r oth er e sta b lis h m e n t.
D uties in v o lv e a com b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g :
Sw eeping, m op p in g o r s c r u b b in g , and p olish in g f lo o r s ; rem ov in g c h ip s , tr a s h ,
and oth e r r e fu s e ; du sting equ ipm en t, fu rn itu re , o r fix tu re s ; p olish in g m e ta l
fix tu r e s o r tr im m in g s ; p r o v id in g su p p lies and m in o r m ain ten an ce s e r v ic e s ;
and clea n in g la v a t o r ie s , sh o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o rk e rs who s p e c ia liz e
in w indow w ashin g a re e x c lu d e d .

W atchm an. M akes rou n ds o f p r e m is e s
p r o p e r t y against f i r e , th eft, and ille g a l e n try .




p e r io d ic a lly

in p r o te c tin g

31

Available On Request—
Th e fo llo w in g a r e a s a r e su r v e y e d p e r io d ic a lly f o r u s e in a d m in is te r in g the S e r v ic e C o n tra ct
av a ila b le at no c o s t f r o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l o f fi c e s show n on the b a c k c o v e r .
A la s k a
A lban y, Ga.
A lb u q u e rq u e , N. M ex.
A le x a n d r ia , La.
A lp e n a , S tan d ish , and T a w as C ity , M ich .
Ann A r b o r , M ich .
A s h e v ille , N .C .
A tla n tic C ity , N .J.
A u gu sta, G a.— .C .
S
B a k e r s fie ld , C a lif.
Baton R o u g e , La.
B attle C r e e k , M ich .
B eaum ont—P o r t A rth u r^ -O ran ge, T e x .
B ilo x i— u lfp o rt and P a s c a g o u la , M is s .
G
B o is e C ity , Idaho
B r e m e r t o n , W ash.
B r id g e p o r t , N o rw a lk , and S ta m fo r d , Conn.
B ru n s w ick , Ga.
B u rlin g to n , Vt.—N. Y.
C ape C o d , M a s s .
C e d a r R a p id s, Iowa
C ham paign—U rbana— antoul, 111.
R
C h a r le s to n , S.C .
C h a rlo tte — a sto n ia , N .C .
G
C h eyen n e, W yo.
C la r k s v ille —H o p k in s v ille , T en n.—
Ky.
C o lo r a d o S p rin g s, C o lo .
C o lu m b ia , S.C .
C o lu m b u s , Ga.— la .
A
C o lu m b u s , M is s .
C r a n e , Ind.
D e ca tu r, 111.
D es M o in e s , Iowa
D othan, A la .
Duluth— u p e rio r , M inn.—W is.
S
E l P a s o , T e x ., and A la m o g o r d o —Las C r u c e s , N. M ex.
Eugene— p r in g fie ld , O re g .
S
F a y e tt e v ille , N.C.
F itc h b u r g —L e o m in s t e r , M a s s .
F o r t Sm ith, A r k .—O kla.
F o r t W ayne, Ind.
F r e d e r i c k — a g e r s to w n , M d.— h a m b e r s b u r g , P a .—
H
C
M a r tin s b u r g , W. V a .
G adsden and A n n is to n , A la .
G o ld s b o r o , N .C .
G rand Island— a stin gs, N e b r.
H
G re a t F a lls , M ont.
G uam , T e r r i t o r y o f
H a r ris b u r g —L eb anon, Pa.
Huntington— sh la n d , W. V a.— y.— hio
A
K
O
K n o x v ille , T enn.
La C r o s s e , W is.
L a red o, T ex.
L as V e g a s , Nev.
Law ton, O kla.
L im a , O hio
L ittle R o c k — orth L ittle R o c k , A rk .
N

A ct

of

1965.

S u rv e y r e s u lts a r e p u b lish ed

in r e le a s e s w h ich , w h ile su p p lies

la s t ,

a r e o r w ill be

L o g a n sp o rt—P e r u , Ind.
L o ra in —E ly r ia , O hio
L o w e r E a s te r n S h o r e , M d.—V a.—D el.
L y n ch b u rg , Va.
M a co n , Ga.
M a d iso n , W is.
M a n s fie ld , O hio
M a rq u e tte , E s c a n a b a , Sault Ste. M a r ie , M ich .
M cA lle n —P h a r r — d inburg and B r o w n s v ille —
E
H arlin gen —
San B e n ito , T e x .
M e d fo rd — lam ath F a lls — ra nts P a s s , O re g .
K
G
M e r id ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , M onm outh, and O cea n C o s ., N .J.
M o b ile and P e n s a c o la , A la .—F la .
M o n tg o m e r y , A la .
N a s h v ille —D a v id so n , Tenn.
New B ern—J a c k s o n v ille , N .C .
N ew London—N o rw ich , C on n.— .I.
R
N orth D akota, State o f
O rla n d o , F la .
O xnard—S im i V a lle y —V en tu ra , C a lif.
P a nam a C ity , F la .
P a r k e r s b u r g — a rie tta , W. V a.— hio
M
O
P e o r ia , III.
P h o e n ix , A r iz .
P in e B lu ff, A r k .
P o c a t e llo —
Idaho F a lls , Idaho
P o r ts m o u th , N .H .—M aine—M a s s .
P u e b lo , C o lo .
P u e rto R ic o
R e n o , N ev.
R ich lan d — en n ew ick—W alla W alla—
K
P e n d le to n , W ash.— re g .
O
R iv e r sid e—San B e r n a rd in o — n ta rio, C a lif.
O
Salina, K an s.
S alinas—S e a sid e —M o n te r e y , C a lif.
Sandusky, O hio
Santa B a rb a ra —
Santa M aria—L o m p o c , C a lif.
Savannah, Ga.
S e lm a , A la .
Sherm an—D e n is o n , T e x .
S h r e v e p o rt, La.
S iou x F a lls , S. Dak.
Spokane, W ash.
S p r in g fie ld , 111.
S p r in g fie ld -C h ic o p e e —H o ly o k e, M a s s .— onn.
C
S tock ton , C a lif.
T a c o m a , W ash.
Tam pa—St. P e t e r s b u r g , F la .
T o p e k a , K ans.
T u c s o n , A r iz .
T u ls a , O kla.
V a lle jo — a ir fie ld — apa, C a lif.
F
N
W aco and K ille e n —T e m p le , T ex .
W a te rlo o — e d a r F a lls , Iow a
C
W est T e x a s P la in s
W ilm in gton , D e l.—N .J.—M d.

An annual r e p o r t on s a la r ie s f o r a c c o u n ta n ts , a u d it o r s , c h ie f a c c o u n ta n ts , a tto r n e y s , jo b a n a ly s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l, b u y e r s , c h e m is t s , e n g in e e r s , e n g in e e r in g te c h n ic ia n s , d r a f t e r s , and
c le r i c a l e m p lo y e e s is a v a ila b le .
O r d e r as B L S B u lletin 1891, N ational S u rv e y o f P r o f e s s io n a l. A d m in is t r a tiv e , T e c h n ic a l, and C l e r i c a l P a y , M a r c h 197 5. $ 1 .4 0 a c o p y , fr o m any o f the BLS r e g io n a l sa le s
o f fi c e s shown on the b a ck c o v e r , o r fr o m the Superintenden t o f D o cu m e n ts , U.S. G o v e rn m e n t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington, D .C . 20402.




Area Wage Surveys
A l is t of the la te s t a v a ila b le b u lle tin s o r b u lle tin supplem en ts is p r e s e n te d b e lo w .
A d ir e c t o r y o f a r e a w age stu dies in clu d in g m o r e lim ite d stu d ies con d u cted at the requ est of the E m ploym en t
Standards A d m in is tra tio n o f the D epartm en t of L a b o r is a v a ila b le on re q u e st.
B u lle tin s m a y be p u r c h a s e d fr o m any o f the BLS r e g io n a l o f fi c e s show n on the b a ck c o v e r .
B u lletin su p p lem en ts m ay be
obtained w ithout c o s t, w h e re in d ica te d , f r o m BLS r e g io n a l o f fic e s .

A rea

B u lletin n um ber
and p r i c e *

A k ron , O hio, D ec. 1975__________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -8 0 , 45 cents
A lban y— ch en ectad y—T r o y , N .Y ., Sept. 1975 *_________________________________________ 18 5 0 -6 3 , $ 1 .2 0
S
A n ah eim —
Santa Ana— arden G ro v e , C a lif., O ct. 1 9 7 5 * ----------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -7 5 , 85 ce n ts
G
A tlanta, G a., M ay 1976__________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -3 0 , 85 cen ts
A u stin ,
T e x ., D e c. 1 9 7 5 * ________________________________________________________________ '1 8 5 0 -8 3 , 75 cen ts
B a ltim o re , M d., A ug. 1975 * _____________________________________________________________ 1 85 0-6 2, $ 1 .3 0
B illin g s , M on t., July 197 5__________________________________________________
1 85 0-4 6,
B ingham ton, N .Y .—P a ., July 1975 _______________________________________________________ 18 5 0 -5 0 , 65 cents
B irm in gh a m , A la ., M ar. 1976 1___________________________ ______________________________ 1 9 0 0 -1 1 , 95 cents
B oston, M a s s ., A ug. 1975 *______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 8 , $ 1 .5 0
B u ffalo, N .Y ., O ct. 1 9 7 5 * ________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 9 , 95 cen ts
Canton, O hio, M ay 1 9 7 6 _________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -2 8 , 55 cen ts
C hattanooga, Tenn.—G a., Sept. 1 97 5*___________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 7 , 85 cents
C h ica g o, 111., M ay 1975 __________________________________________________________________ 1 85 0-3 3, 85 cents
C in cin n ati, O h io -K y .— d ., M a r. 1 9 7 6 __________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -7 , 75 cents
In
C levela n d , O hio, Sept. 197 5________________________________________________________
185 0 -6 4 ,
$ 1 .3 0
C olu m bu s. O hio, O ct. 1975*_____________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -7 8 , 95 cents
C orp u s C h ris ti, T e x ., July 197 5________________________________________________________ 185 0 -3 7 , 65 cents
D a lla s - F o r t W orth , T e x ., O ct. 1 9 7 5 '__________________________________________________ 185 0 -5 9 , $ 1 .5 0
D avenport—R ock Island— o lin e , Iowa—
M
111., F eb . 1 9 7 6 ________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -2 5 , 55 ce n ts
D ayton, O hio, D ec. 1975---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -7 3 , 45 ce n ts
D aytona B ea ch , F la ., A u g. 1975--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -4 7 , 65 ce n ts
D en ver—B o u ld e r , C o lo ., D e c. 197 5 _____________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -8 2 , 75 cents
___ _______ -— —--------- ------------—______ ____ ____ — — - — 1 9 0 0 -1 5 , $ 1,25
D e tr o it, M ic h ., M a r . 1976 1
F o r t L a u d erd a le—H ollyw ood and W est P a lm Beach—
B oca Raton, F la ., A p r. 1976__________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -2 0 , 55 cen ts
F r e s n o , C a lif., June 1976_______________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -2 9 , 45 cen ts
G a in e s v ille , F la ., Sept. 1975 ____________________________________________________________ 185 0 -5 7 , $ 1 .1 0
G reen Bay, W is ., July 1975 * ____:_______________________________________________________ 185 0 -4 4 , 80 cents
G r e e n s b o r o — in s to n -S a le m —
W
High P oint, N .C ., A ug. 197 5____________________________ 185 0 -4 9 , 65 cen ts
G r e e n v ille — pa rtan bu rg, S .C ., June 1975 ______________________________________________ 1 85 0-4 2, 65 cents
S
H a rtford , Con n., M a r. 1976_____________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -1 4 , 55 cents
H ouston, T e x ., A p r. 19 7 6 _______________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -2 6 , 85 cen ts
H u n tsville, A la ., F eb . 1976 _____________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -1 7 , 55 cen ts
In d ia n a p olis, Ind., O ct. i 975 1 ___________________________________________________________ 1 85 0-6 6, 95 cents
J a ck s o n , M is s ., F e b . 1976_______________________________________________________________(1 9 0 0 -8 ,
55 cents
J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., D e c. 1975___________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -8 1 , 45 cents
K ansas C ity, M o.— an s., Sept. 197 5 ____________________________________________________ 1 85 0-5 5, 80 cents
K
L exin gton — a y ette, K y., N ov. 1 9 7 5 * ___________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -8 4 , 75 cen ts
F
L os A n g e le s —Lon g B ea ch , C a lif., O ct. 1 9 7 5 1___________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -8 6 , $ 1 .1 5
L o u is v ille , Ky.—Ind., N ov. 1 97 5_________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -7 9 , 45 ce n ts
M elb ou rn e—T itu s v ille —C o c o a , F la ., A ug. 1 97 5_________________________________________ 18 5 0 -5 4 , 65 cents
M em p h is, T enn.— r k .—M is s ., N ov. 1975_______________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -8 5 , 45 ce n ts
A
Prices are determ in ed by the G overnm ent Printing O ffice and are su bject to chan ge.
Data on establishm ent p ra ctices and supplem entary w a g e provisions are also presented.
T o b e surveyed.




A rea
M ia m i, F la ., O ct. 1975___________________________________________________________________
M ilw au kee, W is., A p r. 1976_______________ -_____________________________________________
M in n e a p o lis—
St. Paul, M inn.—W is ., Jan. 1976-_________________________________________
N assau— u ffolk , N .Y ., June 1975 *______________________________________________________
S
N ew ark, N .J., Jan. 1976__________________________________________________________________
New O rle a n s , L a ., Jan. 1976_____________________________________________________________
Newcentsk , N .Y .-N .J ., M ay 1975 1 _______________________________________________________
65 Y o r
N orfolk —V ir g in ia B ea ch — o rts m o u th , V a.—N .C ., M ay 19 7 6 *_________________________
P
N orfolk —V ir g in ia B ea ch — o r ts m o u th and N ew port N ews—
P
H am pton, Va.—N .C ., M ay 1975 _________________________________________________________
N o rth e a st P e n n sy lv a n ia , A ug. 1975 _____________________________________________________
O klahom a C ity, O k la ., A u g. 1 9 7 5 ________________________________________________________
O m aha, N ebr.—
Iow a, O ct. 197 5__________________________________________________________
P a t e r s o n - C lift o n - P a s s a ic , N .J., June 1975 1___________________________________________
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a.—N .J., Nov. 1975 ___________________ __________________________________
P ittsb u rg h , P a ., Jan. 1 9 7 6 * ______________________________________________________________
P o rtla n d , M aine, N ov. 1975_______________________________________________________________
P o rtla n d , O re g .— ash ., M ay 1975 ______________________________________________________
W
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N .Y ., June 1 9 7 5 * _________________________________________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie — in gsto n -N e w b u rg h , N .Y ., June 1 9 7 5 * ________________________________
K
P r o v id e n c e — arw ick —Paw tucket, |R.I.— a s s ., June 1976____ ________________________
W
M
R a le ig h — urham , N .C ., F eb . 1 9 7 6 ______________________________________________________
D
R ich m on d , V a ., June 1 97 5_______________________________________________________________
St. L o u is , M o .—
111., M ar. 1976 1__________________________________________________________
S a cra m e n to , C a lif., D e c. 1975___________________________________________________________
Saginaw, M ic h ., Nov. 1975________________________________________________________________
Salt Lake City—O gden, Utah, Nov. 1 9 7 5 1_______________________________________________
San A n to n io , T e x ., M ay 1976 ____________________________________________________________
San D ie g o , C a lif., Nov. 1975_____________________________________________________________
San F r a n c is c o -O a k la n d , C a lif., M ar. 1976_____________________________________________
San J o s e , C a lif., M ar. 1976______________________________________________________________
Seattle— v e re tt, W ash ., Jan. 1976_______________________________________________________
E
South B en d, In d ., M a r. 1976____ __________________________________________________________
S ta m ford , Conn. 1 2 _______________________________________________________________________
S y r a c u s e , N .Y ., July 197 5________________________________________________________________
T o le d o , O hio— ic h ., M ay 1976__________________________________________________________
M
T re n to n , N .J., Sept. 1 9 7 5 1 ________ ______________________________________________________
U tica—R o m e , N .Y ., July 1975 * __________________________________________________________
W ashington, D .C -—Md.—V a ., M a r. 1976__________________________________________________
W e s tch e s te r County, N .Y ., M ay 1975 *__________________________________________________
W ich ita, K an s., A p r. |l976________________________________________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., A p r. 1976____________________________________________________________
Y o rk , P a ., F e b . 1976______________________________________________________________________

B u lletin num ber
and p r i c e *
1 8 5 0 -7 6 ,
1 9 0 0 -2 2 ,
1 9 0 0 -3 ,
18 5 0 -3 9 ,
1 9 0 0 -1 0 ,
1 9 0 0 -2 ,
18 5 0 -4 5 ,
1 9 0 0 -2 7 ,

95 cen ts
85 cen ts
95 cen ts
$ 1 .0 0
85 cen ts
75 cen ts
$ 1 .1 0
85 cen ts

1 8 5 0 -3 0 ,
1 8 5 0 -5 2 ,
1 8 5 0 -5 1 ,
185 0 -5 6 ,
1 8 5 0 -3 8 ,
1 8 5 0 -6 5 ,
1 9 0 0 -1 ,
1 8 5 0 -7 2 ,
1 85 0-4 0,
1 8 5 0 -7 0 ,
1 8 5 0 -6 8 ,
1 9 0 0 -3 1 ,
1 9 0 0 -1 8 ,
185 0 -4 1 ,
1900-19.1 8 5 0 -8 7 ,
1 8 5 0 -7 1 ,
1 8 5 0 -7 4 ,
190 0-2 3,
185 0 -7 7 ,
1 9 0 0 -9 ,
1 9 0 0 -1 3 ,
1 9 0 0 -6 ,
1 9 0 0 -5 ,

65 cen ts
65 cen ts
65 cen ts
$ 1 .1 0
80 cen ts
85 cen ts
$ 1 .1 5
45 cen ts
75 cen ts
65 cents
75 cen ts
75 cen ts
55 cen ts
65 cents
$ 1 .2 5
45 cen ts
35 cen ts
75 cen ts
6 5 cen ts
45 cents
95 cen ts
65 cen ts
65 cen ts
55 cents

185 0 -4 3 ,
1 9 0 0 -2 4 ,
185 0 -6 0 ,
185 0 -4 8 ,
1 9 0 0 -1 2 ,
1 8 5 0 -5 3 ,
1 9 0 0 -2 1 .
1 9 0 0 -1 6 ,
1 9 0 0 -4 ,

65 cents
55 cents
$"1.20
80 cen ts
85 cen ts
80 cen ts
$5 c e n t*
55 cen ts
55 cen t#

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region III
Region I
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Government Center
1515 Broadway
P.O, Box 13309
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