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Area Wage Survey
San Antonio, Texas, Metropolitan Area, May 1976
Bulletin 1900-23
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics







Preface
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r o v i d e s r e s u l t s o f a M a y 1976
s u r v e y o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s in th e San A n t o n i o ,
T e x a s , Standard M e t r o p o lit a n S ta tistic a l A r e a (B exa r,
C o m a l , and G u a d a lu p e C o u n t i e s ) .
The su rv ey was
m a d e as p a r t o f th e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s '
ann ual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m , w h i c h is d e s i g n e d
to y i e l d d a t a f o r i n d i v i d u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s as
w e l l as n a t i o n a l and r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s f o r a ll
S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s in th e U n ite d
S t a t e s , e x c l u d i n g A l a s k a and H a w a i i .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in t h e a r e a w a g e
s u r v e y p r o g r a m is th e n e e d t o d e s c r i b e th e l e v e l and
m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s ,
t h r o u g h th e a n a l y s i s o f (1) th e l e v e l and d i s t r i b u t i o n
o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t i o n , and (2) th e m o v e m e n t o f
w a g e s b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l . T h e
p r o g r a m d e v e l o p s i n f o r m a t i o n that m a y b e u s e d f o r
m a n y p u r p o s e s , in c lu d in g w a g e and s a l a r y a d m i n ­
istration ,
c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g , and a s s i s t a n c e in
d e t e r m i n i n g p la n t l o c a t i o n .
Survey resu lts also are
u s e d b y t h e U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r t o m a k e w a g e
d e t e r m i n a t i o n s u n d e r th e S e r v i c e
C ontract A ct
o f 1965.
C u r r e n t l y , 84 a r e a s a r e i n c l u d e d in th e p r o ­
gram .
( S e e l i s t o f a r e a s on i n s i d e b a c k c o v e r . )
In
e a c h a r e a , o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s da ta a r e c o l l e c t e d
a n n u a lly .
I n fo rm a tio n on e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s
and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e f i t s is o b t a i n e d e v e r y
th ird ye a r.

E a ch y e a r after all individual a r e a w a g e
s u r v e y s h ave been c o m p le t e d , tw o s u m m a r y bulletin s
a re issu e d .
T h e f i r s t b r i n g s t o g e t h e r da t a f o r e a c h
m e t r o p o lita n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; the s e c o n d p r e s e n t s
n a t i o n a l and r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s ,
projected f r o m
i n d i v i d u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a da ta .

T h e San A n t o n i o s u r v e y w a s c o n d u c t e d b y
th e B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in D a l l a s , T e x . , u n d e r
th e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f B o y d B . O ' N e a l , A s s i s t a n t
R egion a l C o m m is s io n e r fo r O pera tion s.
The s u r v e y
c o u l d n o t h a v e b e e n a c c o m p l i s h e d w ith o u t th e c o o p e r ­
a tio n o f t h e m a n y f i r m s w h o s e w a g e and s a l a r y d a t a
p r o v i d e d th e b a s i s f o r t h e s t a t i s t i c a l i n f o r m a t i o n in
th is bu lletin .
T h e B u re a u w is h e s to e x p r e s s s i n c e r e
a p p r e c ia tio n fo r the c o o p e r a t io n r e c e i v e d .

Note:
C u r r e n t r e p o r t s o n o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s in
th e San A n t o n i o a r e a a r e a v a i l a b l e f o r th e l a u n d r y
and d r y c l e a n i n g and m o v i n g and s t o r a g e i n d u s t r i e s .
A l s o a v a i l a b l e a r e l i s t i n g s o f u n io n w a g e r a t e s f o r
buildin g t r a d e s , prin tin g t r a d e s , lo c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r ­
atin g e m p l o y e e s , l o c a l t r u c k d r i v e r s and h e l p e r s , and
g r o c e r y store em p loy ees.
F r e e cop ies of these are
a v a ila b le f r o m the B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o f f i c e s .
(See
back c o v e r fo r a d d re sse s.)

Bulletin 1900-23

A rea W ag e Survey:

August 1976

San Antonio, Texas,
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, W. J. Usery, Jr., Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS, Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

Metropolitan Area
M ay 1976

Contents

Page

I n t r o d u c t i o n _____________________________________________

2

Page
A pp en d ix A.
A p p e n d i x B.

S c o p e and m e t h o d o f s u r v e y ________
O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ___________

13
17

T ables:
A.

Earnings:
A - l . W eek ly earnings o f o ffic e w o r k e r s ...
3
A -2 , W eek ly earnings o f p r o fe s s io n a l
and t e c h n i c a l w o r k e r s _______________
5
A - 3 . A v e r a g e w e e k ly earn ings o f o f fi c e ,
p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l
w o r k e r s , b y s e x _____________________
6
A - 4 . H ou rly earnings o f m a in ten ance,
t o o l r o o m , and p o w e r p l a n t
w o r k e r s _________________________________ 7
A - 5 . H ou rly earnings o f m a te r ia l
m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d i a l
w o r k e r s _________________________________ 8
A - 6. A v e r a g e h ou rly earn ings of
m ain ten a nce, t o o l r o o m , p o w e r p l a n t , m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t , and
c u s t o d i a l w o r k e r s , b y s e x ___________ 10
A - 7 . P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s in a v e r a g e
h o u rly earn ings fo r s e le cte d
o ccu p a t io n a l g r o u p s , adjusted
f o r e m p l o y m e n t s h i f t s ________________ 11




1

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing
O ffice, Washington, D. C. 20402, GPO Bookstores, or BLS Regional
Offices listed on back cover. Price 65 cents. Make checks payable to
Superintendent of Documents.




Introduction
T h is a r e a i s 1 o f 84 in w h i c h th e U.S.
D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r 's B u re a u of L a b o r S ta tistics
c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and r e ­
lated ben efits.
In th is a r e a , da ta w e r e o b t a i n e d b y
a c o m b in a tio n of p e r s o n a l v is it , m a il q u e s t io n n a ir e ,
and telephon e in te rv ie w .
R epresen ta tive es ta b lis h ­
m e n t s w it h in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w e r e c o n ­
tacted:
M anufacturing; tran sportation , c o m m u n ic a ­
ti o n ,
and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ;
and s e r v i c e s .
M a jo r industry groups e x clu d ed f r o m
these
s t u d i e s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s and the
c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E stablish ­
m e n t s h av in g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f
w o r k e r s a r e om itted b e ca u se of in su fficien t e m p lo y ­
m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d .
Separate tabula­
t i o n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f the b r o a d i n d u s t r y
d iv is io n s w hich m e e t p u blication crite r ia .

( c ) m a i n t e n a n c e , t o o l r o o m , and p o w e r p l a n t , and (d)
m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d i a l .
In th e 31 l a r g e s t
s u r v e y a r e a s , tables A - l a through A - 6 a p r o v id e
s i m i l a r data f o r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g 500 w o r k ­
ers or m ore.
T a b l e A - 7 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t c h a n g e s in a v ­
e r a g e h ourly ea rn ings of o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s ,
e l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g
w o r k e r s , in du stria l
nurses,
sk illed m ain ten a n ce trad es w o r k e r s ,
and
u n s k i l l e d p la n t w o r k e r s .
W h e r e p o s s i b l e , da t a a r e
p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s , m a n u f a c t u r i n g , and
n onm anufacturing.
T h is t a b l e p r o v i d e s a m e a s u r e o f
w a g e t r e n d s a f t e r e l i m i n a t i o n o f c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
e a rn in g s c a u se d by e m p lo y m e n t shifts am on g e s t a b ­
lish m e n ts as w e ll as tu rn o v e r of esta b lish m en ts in ­
c l u d e d in s u r v e y s a m p l e s .
F o r fu rth e r details, see
app en d ix A.
A ppendixes

A - s e r i e s tables
A p p e n d i x A d e s c r i b e s the m e t h o d s a n d c o n ­
c e p t s u s e d in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m and
p r o v i d e s i n f o r m a t i o n on the s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y .

T a b le s A - 1 through A - 6 p r o v id e e stim a tes
of s tr a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly o r h o u rly earn ings f o r w o r k ­
e r s in o c c u p a t i o n s c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f m a n u ­
f a c t u r i n g and n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
O ccupa­
t i o n s w e r e s e l e c t e d f r o m the f o l l o w i n g c a t e g o r i e s :
(a) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l , (b) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ,

A pp end ix B p r o v id e s job d e s c r ip tio n s used
b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s b y
occu pation.

2

A.

Earnings

Table A-1. W eekly earnings of o ffice w orkers in San A n to n io , T ex., M ay 1976
Weekly earning! 1
(standard)
Occupation and industry division

Number
of

S

S

80

weekly
hours1
(standard

Mean *

Median 1

Middle range*

S

90

100

f

110

N u m b e r of workers receiving itraight-time weekly earnings of—
s
S
S
$
S
$
S
150
160
170
180
190 200
230
120
130
140
210
240
250
220

s

3

J

26#

270

and
under

280
and

90

all

100

110

120

130

140

ISO

160

170

180

150

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

-

43
2
41
“

54
14
40
2

202
35
167
6

171
25
146
2

108
25
83
3

119
30
89
“

148
33
115
7

52
23
29
5

61
19
42
2

39
10
29
8

12
2
10
1

10
4
6
2

13
1
12
10

17
1
16
12

1
.
1
-

18
18
7

•
3
3

•J

1
•
1
1

5
5
1

-

2
2

15
•
15

16
5
11

21
8
13

38
7
31

7
2
5

3
3
-

7
3
4

5
5

2
1
1

2
1
1

5
1
4

-

„
-

-

-

•
-

32
4
28

24
7
17

18
5
13

31
4
27

37
lo
27

32
17
15

25
11
14

10
7
3

4
2
2

6
3
3

1
•
1

.

1
1

11
11

.
-

-

-

r

ove

workers

$
$
$
152.00 145.00 127.00-166.00
153.00 151.50 135.00-172.00
152.00 143.00 126.50-164.00
199.50 206.50 161.00-233.50

t

--------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ---------------

1,078
224
854
72

-

1
1
-

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

123
31
92

40.0 164.00 161.00 149.50-171.00
40.0 168.50 162.00 150.00-180.00
40.0 162.50 161.00 143.00-164.00

•
-

.
-

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

250
70
180

39.5 160.50 160.00 136.00-172.50
40.0 167.00 172.00 150.00-184.00
39.5 158.00 155.00 12 9. 00 -1 72 .SO

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

15
15

SECRETARIES, CLASS C --------------

235

39.5 152.50 147.00 127.00-164.00

_

13

3

49

39

23

27

37

10

16

5

3

1

1

1

1

1

5

N O NM AN UF AC TU HI NG -— --- — -— - — -

175

39.5 152.00

-

13

3

43

30

17

11

22

7

11

5

3

-

1

1

-

1

1

1

5

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 --------------

470

39.5 144.50 134.50 124.50-154.00

1

27

36

119

93

51

40

36

3

17

17

_

2

9

11

6

2

-

N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG — ---------------

407

39.5 14o.50

135.00

1

25

22

94

84

42

38

35

2

17

17

-

2

9

11

-

6

2

-

-

--------------------------------

316

40.0

126.00 105.00-144.00

42

51

22

62

51

30

27

10

10

1

8

2

_

--------------------------------------------------------------------------

116
110

40.0 163.00 164.00 134.00-190.50
40.0 165.00 164.00 13 5. 00 -1 90 .SO

21
20

16
11

9
9

8
8

12
12

7
7

12
12

8

-

8

20
20

-

-

1
1

i
i

-

1
1

-

.

1

.

_

-

.

-

-

12

8

secretaries

STENOGRAPHERS, g e n e r a l
STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR
NONMANUFACTURING

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

_

128.00

138.00 126.50-163.50

_
_

1A J. _>0
.
1

1 3A

121*50

-

-

“

-

1 3A A
1a0*0U
-

30* r

125.50-158.00

-

*" r

26

-

-

**

AA

1-6

11800
30

266
256

inn Qn
l nn*^n
100 •->Q
75

10B* j

28

0

----------

SW ITCHBOARD O P t R AT OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS -

S ee
 fo o t n o t e s a t end


on
on

n
on

l n 7 nn
J A- ?* AA

xx

i0 f.00

23

1

15
11

A

100.00

94.00-10 9.50

54
54

47

65
65

35
29

16

3

.

1
I

111.00

103.50

96.00-122.00

_

49

65

14

28

12

4

12

120.00

120.00 100.00-132.00

51

21

34

61

39.5 101.50
J

184
55

40.0

40.0

65
257

23
23

61

1 1 .t>0 1 1 . 0

222

211

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B

89
79

???* ??
10U.00

l
106.

54
54

o f t a b le s .

3

10
12

T ab le A-1. W eekly earnings of o ffice w o rkers in San Antonio, T e x ., M a y 1 9 7 6 — C ontinued
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number
of
workeR

Occupation and industry division

Number of w o rk e rs

s

Average
weekly
hOUR1
(standard)

$

80
Mean ^

M edian ^

Middle ranged

$

s

90

100

s

$
n o

120

$
130

3

1A0

r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s o f -----

s

$

150

16o

S

$

170

180

190

S
S
i
s
$
S
i—
200
210
230
250
260
2A0
220

170

180

39

13

34

32

12

30

2A
12
12

1A

10

150

160

31

65

23

100

56

120

n o

130

1A0

190

200

210

220

230

2A0

250

260

270

W O RK ER S—
CONT IN UE D
$

$

• U o L 1 v U l XL 1 1 I t o
>

$

2

127.00-159.50

180.00

BILL lN G- MA CH IN t

b il le r s

— —

—

1A6
115.00

AO • 0 111.50

—

76

106.00 102.00-11J.C0

iJ

26

131.50
; t-S -f:
132.

AO • 0

l
{^ 0

nn
oo

124.00-14v.00

1 97.00

£56.00
11'
, i; ^ ^ _

1 0 3 .5 0 -1 2 ^ .0 0

41

13

1 3 0 .00-256.00

39 5
4 0 .0

g

K)

1A0.00

185

A3A

k3

13

10A.0 0 -1 29 . 0 0

AO .0 116.00
AO • 0 1 1 1 . 0 0

6"?

133.00

19
17

A1

13
13

A5
37

126
2

107

7A

110 0 0

92

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




1

" 1~

B O O K K E EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS.
CLASS B

280
and

ALL

$

T ---------

270

and
under

90

AO • 0 1A5.00

I

4

23
20

8

15

10

ll

6

8

280

over

Table A -2 . W eekly earnings of professional and technical w orkers in San A n to n io , T e x ., M ay 1976
N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

s

Average
weekly

90
M ean 2

(standard

M edian 2

M iddle range2

and

under
100

s
100

$

S

120

n o

$

s

S.

130

140

150

s
160

$

S

170

180

S

190

$

$

S

200

2l0

220

S

230

S

240

S

250

S

260

S

280

S

300

320

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

24J

25p

260

280

300

320

340

1

15

ALL WORKERS
CO MPUTER p r o g r a m m e r s

(B US IN ES S),
47
36

” nonmanufacturing
programmers

$

$
$
251.00-298.50

1

l
.

1

( B U S IN ES S),

CO MPUTER PR OG RA MM ER S

$
40,0

(B US IN ES S),

computer

g

g

133.00-163.00

14

CLA^J A

J
.

104.00
CL «■'* H
'*■

CO MPUTER OPERATORS,

139 '"O
138.00
63

1*

130.00— 149.30
. ^

. r-

^

8

1

£

1

14

1

8

1

1

»

156,00-176.00

20

g

119

1

*

See footnotes at end of tables.




5

1

1

36

12

^3

8

8

8

Table A -3 . A verage w eekly earnings of office, professional, and technical w orkers, by sex.
in San A ntonio, T e x ., M a y 1976
A v erage
(m ran2 )
Weekly
heurs 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S - MEN
57

$
110.00
3v«t> 110.00

134

Sex,

occupation, and industry division

Weekly
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
[standard)

OFFICE OCCUPA TI ON S WO ME N— CONTINUED

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OC CUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

40.0 131.50
40.0 11 G « _»0
-

nL j jCliOuK J

Average
(m ean 2 )

,mv
A ;n*)
Number
of

o o
o o

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

ia r
J .0 11)0. _>u

33
FILE CLERKS, CLASS C ----------------

179

40.0 122.00

39 5 117.50
40.0 133.00
115.50

104.50
105.00
PROFES SI ON AL AND TECHNICAL
OC CU PA TI ON S - MEN

39.5 100.00
-r
»\

/.

40.0

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S - WOMEN
1 07
'i
224
69
1 ( IMK 1 L j t v L A j u m
'_
31
92
,r/i

* f, r

100
1A K I L j f

LL A j j

w

/A A
tr® • J
A A
^ ^
t0 9
40.0
-.0.0

101.00
_

151 50
196.50

_

T-

16' 00
168.50
lGt . j 0

39.5 160.50
39^5 158.0C

100._,0

________ _____ „ _ _ _____
_
ACCOllNJ ING C L l ^KS ? CL AS u A

313

CLASS C

154.00
151.00

^63
/ ^/

144.00
129.00
14G.00

M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------- -----

^

40.0 128.00
Tkl^

tc 4
.r
.

8G3
181

^A

1" 5 00
136.5C

27
J

^ r-

215.50
21 a .00
40.0 16 a .00
40.0 163.00

59

147.50
149.00
173.50

36

198.50

t
'

40.0 119.50
40.0 127.00

1>T1

A

7a J
40. C
, r1*~
--r

11'

Of

D R a F T c k S. CLASb C

149
*82

30 * 1^3
"

”

1
in
130 50

PROFES SI ON AL a n d TE CHNICAL
OC CU PA TI ON S - WOMEN
COMPUTER PR OG RA MM ER S

39.5

“

103.50

.W > l . r-i -

40.0

122.50

jj'*

See footnotes at end of tables.




i

^

•

^

123.50
122.50

119

r, ,

39.5 138.50
39.5 137.00

114
105

,_
_

lb4.00

115
97
37

_

^or_

/ A
n ^ ll(

,y ^

1T

107

/ A r lb j Q
40 .C 1 2 .rn

75
64

1 lcL.bO

A

218.00

__

117.50

35

6

39 ^

95

r-

*
■

w

/A A
y« * «

3 9 .b

17^

. - . . - . o r , «.

184
55

-

^ T ' ^inr «/.T'ir»Tii/>

39.5 130.50
K6.50

ii,,r ,/,t ,

(BUSINESS),

Table A -4 .

H ourly earnings of m a in te n an ce, toolroom , and p o w erp lan t w orkers in San Antonio, Tex., M ay 1976
Hourly earr ings

4

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
%
s
s
4
$
s
$
$
$
$
$
s
$
$
I
$
!
.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4 60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 6.00 6*40 6. 80 7.20 7.60 8.00
2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40
and
under
1 -------- $

t

Occupation and industry division

M„T "
workers

M ean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

1 -------- i

.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4 80 5.00 5 .3 0

5.40 5.60 6.00 6.40

C
O

2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60

_L» 2fi_ 7.60

8 .0 0

8.40

ALL WORKERS
MA INTENANCE CA RPENTERS ------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------------------------

41
31

----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------

92
66
26

maintenance

electricians

$

$

4.57
4.67

4.61
4.90

5.06
5.00
5.23

4.77
4.77
4.71

$
4.03- 4.90
4.52- 4.90

$

4.28- 6.04
4.44- 5.08
3.40- 6.82
3 IT

2
2

6
6

11
11

i

3
1

1
1

2
2

-

13
12
1

13
13
*

6
5
1

9
8
1

o
e
-

1
1
-

_
-

4
3
1

5
<
4

-

-

-

-

*

-

1
1

-

1
1

7
2

3
3

3

*

-

-

-

_

-

11

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

11

-

4
4
-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
b

_
-

-

1

9
8
i

-

3
3

4 00
8

.

199
186

4.75
4.72

4.82
4.32

4.17- 5.01
4.17- 5.01

-

“

-

6
2

5
b

26
26

-

-

32
32

6
6

4
3

8
7

5?
52

13
13

1
-

1
1

16
16

25
23

-

-

-

*

-

299
71
228

5.07
4.39
5.28

4.89
4.15
5.24

4.35- 5.64
3.8a- 4.82
4.50- 5.70

-

-

m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------

-

-

14
2
12

12
12
-

7
2
5

9
8
1

24
14
10

18
12
6

33
1
32

25
1
24

10
7
3

18
18

29
i

16
16

52
5
*.7

6
6
-

-

o
-

7
7

12
1d

2
-

28

MA INTENANCE TRADES HELPERS --------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------

149
46

3.27
4.19

3.00
4.36

2.65- 3.5o
3.50- 4.65

22
*

33
10

10

44

.

-

“

11
10

2
-

-

9
6

-

8

-

*

-

-

iJ

-

-

-

-

-

-

ST ATIONARY EN GI NE ER S ----------------

70

4.95

4.82

3.90- 6,11

-

-

-

4

-

4

8

3

t
t

4

2

-

t

?

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

33

^*90

4*50

21
^1

MA INTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY) m a n u f a c t u r i n g --- ----------------maintenance

mechanics

(MOTOR VEHICLES)

--------------------

-

See footnotes at end of tables.




7

8

2

2

8

6

2

■^

a

T ab le A -5 .

H ourly earnings of m aterial m ovem ent and custodial w orkers in San A ntonio, T ex., M ay 1976
Hourly

W m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
3— "5— T
$
s
S
s
$
$
S
$
$
I
S
s
s
I
$
1 --------- 3 —
$
$
"5------2.20 2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3 .40 3.60 3. 80 4 . 0 0 4 . 2 0 4 .40 4 . 6 0 4.80 5.00 5 . 2 0 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.20 6.60 7.00 7.40

N u m b er
O c c u p a tio n

and

in d u s tr y

d iv is io n
w orkers

M ea n

2

M e d ia n 2

M id d le ra n g e 2

and
u n d er

2.40 2,60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3 .60 3.80 4. 00

4 .2 0

4.40

4

.60 4.80

5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6,20 6.60 7.0P 7.40

7 ,8 9

ALL WORKERS
$

PU BL IC UTIL IT IE S -------------------------------

1.936
722

$

'23
5.86

3 3^
6.33

$

$

5.02- 7.00

n00
-

-

16

2i
3

20

I in-

44

-

-

-

9
4
5

1

u6

in

4
4

1

88
80

13

2

4
*

”

169
160

148
148
96

124
-

198
198

124
124

i
?

67
61

3 1 30

(rf

5.99

0

5.02- 7.00

46

72

4

36

90
“
*

116

124

90
90

116
116

124
124

HEAVY t r u c k
107

3.55

3.50

3.00- 3.85

c 10
.

J*
.

-».02

3.37
3.37

3.20
3.20

*8

3.05- 3.59
3.05- 3.59

3.-

^28

3 20
3.20
3.00
32

3 "O
‘
3.3b

221

2.9b
3.34
2.94

2.60- 4.01
2.75- 3.60
t.60
4.0--

3 39

457

12

8
g

18

1"
h2

3.32
2.66

3.30
3 19
2.98

2.92
c.55
^

Uf

2.60
,.90

20

5

4

d

12

40

23

40

144

119

106

72

30

28
22

140

119

102

72

22

37
13

45
21

8

50
36

14

119
33
86

°

"73
3 "0
2 .3 5 - 3 . 1 0
..70
3.70

82

58
*

82
82

“

”

"

“
*

1
“

13

2

4

6

4

13

21

50

17
17

”
*

“
*

—

“
*

“

”

“

*

“
“

”
”

”

62

13

8
13

45

62

10
31

18
h2

^9

8
1

h4

1

34

1

34

8

1

15

r'n

15

3

8

“
*

10
21

JJ

J2

“

8

8

55
1 18

58

46

5

17

c • 30
3.36
2.65- 4.17
<..30 3.C-,

46

61
60

12
12

44

2.HfJ- 3.40
3.1C- 3.40
2.40- 3.24

81

16
9
4

48

6
0

40
15

11
*

12
12

}
r6
8

See footnotes at end of tables.




16
16

9

2.36- 2.90

2 . t ->
*

8

23
23

2.50- 3.20
C.15

141
90
213

56
56

3.00- 3.54
3.39- 3.59

2.94

667
59
608

2.85- 3^05
2.90- 4.00

Vn

H>

l
r2

3l 70

u i hit a i U m j

16

12

5.02- 7.00

127
127

1H
ro

TPUCKDRI VERS » HEAVY TRUCK

> l 11 i
\

42

4

15

59

2*30- 2 °0

1>221
1.022

ru

10

21
51
12

63

283
42
241

TRUCKDRIVERS.

8

.00

12
12

*
**

”

H ourly earnings of m a te ria l m ovem ent and custodial w orkers in San A n to n io , T e x ., M a y 1 9 7 6 — Continued
4
S

$

$

*

2.20 2 . ho 2.60 2.80

Occupation and industry division
Mean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
S
$
$
$
$
S
s
$
(
S
S
$
%
A . 20 A.A0 A . 60 A . 80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.20 6.60 7.00 7. a o

$
$
s
$
*
3.00 3.20 3.A0 3.60 3.80

and
under
2.AO

o
o

Hourly earnings
Number

1

Table A -5 .

2 .6 0

2.80 3.00 3.20 3.A0

3.80 N.00 A . 20 A. A0 H.6 0 A . 3 0

5 .0 0

5.20 5.A0 5.60 5.80 6.20 6.60 7.00 7.A0 7.80

ALL WORKERS—
con tin u ed

$
,u

$

$ _

$

397

3 •0 6
2.44

_

ln
"

”7
9

2
2

1

guards:

lid

C.. ’ A
T

t.61

J.13

*

2

w at c h m e n :

76
JANITORS.

PORTERS.

AND CLEANERS ---

2 .5A5

-.TO
2.5 6
3 .1 5

3*13

2 .7 a
2 .3 a 2 .5 ^ -

2. M
4 . 0 ‘j

ID

3.AA

2.A 7
2.3 a

^*G0

"*3n

3*f3

99b

,

731

3A5

277
27

2*.

int

c.50

ro

7

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




9

A5

h2
8

19
10

9

2A

56
&6

2
1

j

6

12
12

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-




T ab le A -6 . A verage hourly earnings of m aintenance, to o lro o m ,
p o w erp lan t, m a terial m ovem ent, and custodial w orkers.
by sex, in San A ntonio, Tex., M ay 1976
Sex,

3

occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
(m ean 2 )
hourly
earnings4

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

m a i n t e n a n c e , t o o l r o o m , and
p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s - MEN

Number
of
workers

Average
(m ean 2 )
hourly
earnings 4

MA TERIAL MO VtMENT AND CU ST OD IA L
OC CU PA TI ON S - ME N — CO NT IN UE D
. . .

41

$

^*67
92
66

KtLti V iNo vLtKi'j
n A l'iU r A U 1 U N i I’ u

*

5*^3
36
32

M A N U FA CT UR IN G

J.

199
186

-------------------------------------------------

4.75
4.72

299
71
228

MA IN TE NA NC E MECH AN IC S (MACHINERY) M A N U FA CT UR IN G -------------------------------------------------

120

5 07
4.39

W A R E H O U S E M E N ------------------ -----------------------------------------

70
37
33

---------- -------------------------

2.94

''01

I " '?

4.19
STATIONARY ENGI NE ER S

221

4.95
M AN UF AC TU RI ^G

4.90

®“

*

L

™

3*^6
MATERIAL MOVt ME NT AND CUSTODIAL
OC CU PA TI ON S - MEN
- ~.

Ti.r-nr*

,

m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------- --------------

.

( 61
527

3.30

* * T^n
TuQ

283

nonmanufacturing

---------------------------------------

241

no

b.86

------------------

2.47
3.00
2.37

TRUCKDRIVERS* LIGHT TRUCK

watchmen:

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEA NE RS

-------

1,785

2.61

1*574
°UBLIC UTIL IT IE S
TRUCKDRIVERS,

-----------------------------------

1,020
510

5.99

3 10

107
673
210

3.55
4.45
5.55

127

3 37
3.37

HEAVY TRUCK

. . AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------------------------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ---------------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------------------

OC CU PA TI ON S - WOMEN
JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEA NE RS ---

MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

See

footnotes at end of tables.

10

760

2.46
2.46

Table A -7.

Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected

occupational groups, adjusted fo r em p lo ym en t shifts,
in San A ntonio, T e x ., for selected periods
Industry and occupational group
(m e n and w o m e n combined)

All industries:
Office clerical___________________________________
Electronic data processing_____ ______________
Industrial n u r s e s ___ _ _ _ _ ____ _
______
Skilled maintenance trades ***_ _ __ ___ _______
Unskilled plant workers *** ____________
_
Manufacturing:
Office clerical_________ ___________ _ _ _______
Electronic data processing______________________
Industrial n u r s e s _________________________ ____
Skilled maintenance trades * * * _____
_ _
Unskilled plant workers * * * --- ----Nonmanufacturing:
Office clerical_________________________ _ _ _ _
_
Electronic data processing___________ _ _
Industrial nurses ______
______
_ _ __
________
Skilled maintenance trades * * * ___
Unskilled plant workers *** _ _„ _ _ __ _ _

M a y 1972
to
M a y 1973

5 .2

M a y 1973
to
M a y 1974

9 .9

*
**

*
**

6 .2
4 .5

9 .1
1 0 .9

M a y 1974
to
M a y 1975

8.6
2.6
**
6.6
8.8

**
*

**
*
jcj
fae

5 .7

8.8

**
**
**
**
9.2

5 .0

10.5
*
**
**
11.8

8.5
2.8
**
**
9.1

**

*
**
**
4 .3

M a y 1975
to
M a y 1976

8 .3
3 .0

**
8 .3
9 .2

**
**
**
**
1 0 .4

8 .5
2 .4

**
**
8 .9

*
Data not available.
**
Data do not me e t publication criteria.
*** Percent increases for periods ending prior to 1976 relate to m e n only.

Footnotes
1 Standard hours reflect the w o r k w e e k for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or p r e m i u m rates), and the earnings correspond
to these weekly hours.
2 The m e a n is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the n u m b e r of workers. Th e me di an designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive m o r e
and half receive less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn m o r e than the higher rate.
3 Earnings data relate only to workers whose sex identification was provided by the establishment.
Excludes p r e m i u m pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.




11




Appendix A
A r e a w a g e and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s da ta a r e o b t a i n e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s
o f B u r e a u f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s at 3 - y e a r i n t e r v a l s . 1 In e a c h o f th e i n t e r ­
v e n i n g y e a r s , i n f o r m a t i o n o n e m p l o y m e n t and o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s i s c o l ­
l e c t e d b y a c o m b i n a t i o n o f p e r s o n a l v i s i t , m a i l q u e s t i o n n a i r e , and t e l e p h o n e
i n t e r v i e w f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p a r t i c i p a t i n g in th e p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .

d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y , a r e
n o t p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in the
o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h data to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r
(2) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t data^- S e p a ­
r a t e m e n ' s and w o m e n ' s e a r n i n g s da ta a r e not p r e s e n t e d w h e n the n u m b e r o f
w o r k e r s not i d e n t i f i e d b y s e x i s 20 p e r c e n t o r m o r e o f the m e n o r w o m e n
i d e n t i f i e d in an o c c u p a t i o n .
E a r n i n g s da t a n o t s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y f o r i n d u s t r y
div ision s
a r e i n c l u d e d in da t a f o r a ll i n d u s t r i e s
com bined.
L ik ew ise,
da t a a r e i n c l u d e d in th e o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n w h e n a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f
e l e c t r o n i c s t e c h n i c i a n s , s e c r e t a r i e s , o r t r u c k d r i v e r s i s not s h o w n o r i n f o r ­
m a t io n to s u b c l a s s i f y is not a v a ila b le .

In e a c h o f the 84 2 a r e a s c u r r e n t l y s u r v e y e d , data a r e o b t a i n e d f r o m
r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M anufac­
t u r i n g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e
t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s .
M a jor
i n d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s e s t u d i e s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s and
th e c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r th an
a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s are om itted b e ca u se of in su fficien t e m p lo y ­
m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d .
S ep arate tabu lation s are p r o v id e d f o r ea ch
o f the b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s da ta a r e s ho w n f o r f u l l - t i m e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o s e h ire d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s ch e d u le .
E a r n i n g s data
e x c l u d e p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la te s h i f t s . N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a l l o w a n c e s
and i n c e n t i v e b o n u s e s a r e i n c l u d e d .
W e e k l y h o u r s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l and
p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s r e f e r t o th e s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k
( r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e r e g u l a r
s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r
p rem iu m rates).
A v e r a g e w e e k ly ea rn in g s f o r th e se o c cu p a tio n s are rounded
t o the n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s .
The sam pling
p r o c e d u r e s i n v o l v e d e t a i l e d s t r a t i f i c a t i o n o f a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in the
s c o p e o f an i n d i v i d u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y i n d u s t r y and n u m b e r o f e m p l o y e e s .
F r o m t h i s s t r a t i f i e d u n i v e r s e a p r o b a b i l i t y s a m p l e i s s e l e c t e d , w ith e a c h
e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a v in g a p r e d e t e r m i n e d c h a n c e o f s e l e c t i o n . T o o b t a i n o p t i m u m
a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f l a r g e th an s m a l l e s t a b ­
lish m en ts is
selected .
W h en da ta a r e c o m b i n e d , e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t i s
w e i g h t e d a c c o r d i n g t o i t s p r o b a b i l i t y o f s e l e c t i o n , s o th at u n b i a s e d e s t i m a t e s
are generated.
F o r e x a m p l e , i f o n e out o f f o u r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s e l e c t e d ,
it i s g i v e n a w e i g h t o f f o u r to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f p lu s t h r e e o t h e r s .
An alternate
o f the s a m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y i s c h o s e n in the s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i ­
f i c a t i o n i f da ta a r e not a v a i l a b l e f r o m the o r i g i n a l s a m p l e m e m b e r .
If no
suitable substitute is a va ila b le , add ition al w eigh t is a s s ig n e d to a s a m p le
m e m b e r that i s s i m i l a r to the m i s s i n g unit.

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e th e l e v e l o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s in an a r e a
at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e .
C o m p a r is o n s o f in divid u al o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
t i m e m a y n ot r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s . T h e a v e r a g e s f o r i n d i v i d u a l j o b s
a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s and e m p l o y m e n t p a t t e r n s .
F o r exam ple,
p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by h igh- o r lo w -w a g e fir m s m a y ch ange, o r
h i g h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d v a n c e to b e t t e r j o b s and b e r e p l a c e d b y n e w
w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a t e s .
Such s h i f t s in e m p l o y m e n t c o u l d d e c r e a s e an o c c u ­
p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e e v e n th o u g h m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a 's e w a g e s
d u r i n g th e y e a r .
C h a n g e s in e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , s h o w n in t a b l e
A - 7 , a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s th an a r e e a r n i n g s c h a n g e s f o r
i n d i v i d u a l j o b s w ith in the g r o u p s .

O c c u p a t i o n s a nd e a r n i n g s
O c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu dy a r e c o m m o n t o a v a r i e t y o f m a n u f a c ­
t u r i n g and n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the f o l l o w i n g t y p e s :
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ; (3) m a i n t e n a n c e , t o o l r o o m ,
and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d i a l .
O ccupational
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d o n a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d t o ta ke
a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in d u t i e s w ith in the s a m e j o b .
O ccu­
p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in a p p e n d i x B .
U nless
o t h e r w i s e i n d i c a t e d , th e e a r n i n g s data f o l l o w i n g th e j o b t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l
in d u stries co m b in e d .
E a r n i n g s data f o r s o m e o f th e o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d and

A v e r a g e ea rn in g s r e fle c t c o m p o s it e , a reaw ide e s tim a te s .
In dustries
and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and j o b s t a f f i n g , and th u s c o n t r i b u t e
d i f f e r e n t l y to th e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
P a y a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l a m o n g j o b s in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u ld
n o t b e a s s u m e d t o r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y o f th e s e x e s w ith in i n d i v i d u a l
establish m en ts.
F a c t o r s w h ich m a y con tribu te to d iffe r e n c e s in clu d e p r o ­
g r e s s i o n w it h in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s ( o n l y th e r a t e s p a id i n c u m b e n t s a r e
c o l l e c t e d ) and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c d u t i e s w ith in the g e n e r a l s u r v e y j o b
descriptions.
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d t o c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s
u s u a l l y a r e m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d than t h o s e u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
and a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c d u tie s
p erform ed .

1 Personal visits were on a 2-year cy cle before July 1972.
2 Included in the 84 areas are 14 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are
Akron, Ohio; Austin, T ex .; Binghamton, N. Y. — a .; Birmingham, A la .; Fort Lauderdale—
P
Hollywood and West
Palm Beach—
Boca Raton, F la.; Lexington—
Fayette, K y .; Melbourne—
Titusville—Cocoa, Fla.; Norfolk—
Virginia
Beach-Portsmouth and Newport News-Hampton, Va. — C .; Poughkeepsie—
N.
Kingston-Newburgh, N. Y . ; R aleighDurham, N. C . ; Stamford, Conn.; Syracuse, N .Y .; Utica—
Rome, N .Y .; and Westchester County, N .Y .
In
addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 70 areas at the request of the
Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department o f Labor.




13

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to t a l in a l l e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e stu dy and n o t th e n u m b e r a c t u a l l y s u r v e y e d .
B eca u se o ccu p a tion a l stru ctu re s am ong e sta b lish m en ts d iffe r, e stim a te s of
o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b t a i n e d f r o m th e s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d
s e r v e o n l y to i n d i c a t e th e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f th e j o b s s t u d ie d .
These
d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e do n o t a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f
th e e a r n i n g s da ta .

E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g
( m e n and w o m e n ) :
Com puter system s
analysts, c la s s e s
A , B , and C
Com puter p r o g ra m m e rs ,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C
C om puter op erators,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C

Wage tren d s fo r s e le c te d o ccu p a tio n a l grou ps

T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s p r e s e n t e d in t a b l e A - 7 a r e b a s e d o n c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s r e p o r t i n g the t r e n d j o b s in b o th
th e c u r r e n t and p r e v i o u s y e a r ( m a t c h e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ) .
T h e da ta a r e
a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e the e f f e c t s o n a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f e m p l o y m e n t s h if t s
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n c l u d e d in s u r v e y
sa m p les.
The p e r ce n t i n c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r, are still a ffected by fa c to r s
o t h e r th an w a g e i n c r e a s e s .
H i r i n g , l a y o f f s , and t u r n o v e r m a y a f f e c t an
e s t a b l i s h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an o c c u p a t i o n w h e n w o r k e r s a r e p a id u n d e r p la n s
p r o v id in g a ran ge o f w age r a te s f o r in d ivid u al jo b s .
In p e r i o d s o f i n c r e a s e d
hiring , fo r e x a m p le , new e m p lo y e e s
e n t e r at the b o t t o m o f the r a n g e ,
d e p r e s s i n g the a v e r a g e w it h o u t a c h a n g e in w a g e r a t e s .

S k illed m a in te n a n ce (m en
and w o m e n ) :
C arpen ters
E lectricia n s
P ain ters
M a ch in ists
M e ch a n ics (m ach inery)
M e ch a n ics (m o to r veh icle)
P ip efitters
T o o l and d i e m a k e r s

I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( m e n and
w o m e n ):
R e g is te re d in du strial
nurses
P e r c e n t c h a n g e s f o r indiv:
as f o llo w s :

U n s k i l l e d plant ( m e n and
w om en ):
J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and
clea n ers
M a t e r i a l h a n d lin g l a b o r e r s
a r e a s in th e p r o g r a m

are com puted

1.

2.

O ccu p a tio n s u se d to c o m p u te w age tr e n d s a r e :

O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n and
w om en):

O rder clerk s
A ccou n tin g c le r k s ,
c l a s s e s A a nd B
B ook k eepin g-m ach in e
operators, cla ss B
P a yroll clerk s
K eypunch o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
T a b u la tin g-m a ch in e
o p erators, cla ss B




The ratio of g rou p a v e r a g e s fo r 2 c o n s e c u t iv e y e a r s is
c o m p u t e d b y d i v i d i n g th e a v e r a g e f o r th e c u r r e n t y e a r
b y th e a v e r a g e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
The result—
e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t — l e s s 100 i s the p e r c e n t c h a n g e .

F o r a m o r e d e t a i l e d d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e m e t h o d u s e d t o c o m p u t e t h e s e
w a g e t r e n d s , s e e " I m p r o v i n g A r e a W a g e S u r v e y I n d e x e s , " M o n th ly L a b o r
R e v i e w , J anu ary 1973, pp. 5 2 -5 7 .

O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n and
w o m e n )---- C o n tin u e d

S ecreta ries
Stenographers, general
S tenograp hers, sen ior
T y pists, c la s s e s
A and B
F ile c le r k s , c la s s e s A,
B , and C
M essengers
S w itchboard o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A and B

T h e s e w e igh ts a re u sed to co m p u te g ro u p a v e r a g e s .
E a c h o c c u p a t i o n 's a v e r a g e (m ean) e a r n in g s is m u ltip lie d
by its w eigh t.
T h e p r o d u c t s a r e t o t a l e d t o o b ta in a
group average.

3.

T h e p e r c e n t c h a n g e s r e l a t e t o w a g e c h a n g e s b e t w e e n th e i n d i c a t e d
dates.
W h en th e t i m e spa n b e t w e e n s u r v e y s i s o t h e r th an 12 m o n t h s , a nn ua l
r a te s a r e show n.
(It i s a s s u m e d th at w a g e s i n c r e a s e at a c o n s t a n t r a t e
betw een s u r v e y s .)

E a c h o c c u p a t i o n i s a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d o n it s p r o ­
p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p in the
base year.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s
T a b u l a t i o n s o n s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y
w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in t h is b u l l e t i n . I n f o r ­
m a t i o n f o r t h e s e t a b u l a t i o n s i s c o l l e c t e d at 3 - y e a r i n t e r v a l s . 1 T h e s e t a b u ­
l a t i o n s on m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; s hif t
d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s and d a y s ; p a id h o l i d a y s ; pa id v a c a t i o n s ;
and h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p l a n s a r e p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s t a b l e s )
in p r e v i o u s b u l l e t i n s f o r t h i s a r e a .
* Personal visits were on a 2-year cy cle before July 1972.

14

A ppendix ta b le 1. Establishm ents and w orkers w ith in scope of survey and num ber studied
in San A ntonio, T e x . , 1 M a y 1976
Industry division 2

Minimum
employ me nt
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

ALL DI VISIONS --------------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------------------------------TRANSPORTATION, COMMUNICATION, AND
OTHER PU BL IC UT ILITIES5 ---------------- •
----WHOLESALE T R A D E 6 -------------------------------r e t a i l TRAOE6 ----------------------------------FINANCE, INSURANCE, AND REAL ES T A T E 6 ---- ---S E R V I C E S 6 7----------------------------------------

N u m b e r of establishments

Wo rk er s in establishments
Within scope of study 4

Within scope
of study 3

Studied

Studied
Number

Percent

611

152

114,630

100

55.369

-

156
455

44
108

33,708
80,922

29
71

15,607
39,762

50
50
50
50
50

51
81
161
71
91

19
15
32
13
29

10,186
9,646
33,911
13,594
13,585

9
8
30
12
12

7,630
1,983
16,488
7,123
6,538

50

1 The San Antonio Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the Office of M a n a g e m e n t and Budget through February 1974, consists of Bexar, Comal,
and Guadalupe Counties. Th e "workers within scope of study" estimates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of
the labor force included in the survey. Estimates are not intended, however, for comparison with other e m p l oy me nt indexes to m e a s u r e em pl oy me nt trends or levels
since (1) planning of wa g e surveys requires establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) small establishments are excluded
f r o m the scope of the survey.
2 The 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual w a s used in classifying establishments by industry division.
3 Includes all establishments with total em pl oy me nt at or above the m i n i m u m limitation.
All outlets (within the area) of companies in industries such as trade,
finance, auto repair service, and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes all workers in all establishments with total em pl oy me nt (within the ai*ea) at or above the m i n i m u m limitation.
5 Abbreviated to "public utilities" in the A-series tables. Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation are excluded. San Antonio's electric, gas, and
transit systems are municipally operated and are excluded by definition f r o m the scope of the survey.
6 This division is represented in estimates for "all industries" and 1
'nonmanufacturing1 in the A-series tables. Separate presentation of data is not m a d e for one
1
or m o r e of the following reasons: (1) E m p l o y m e n t is too small to provide enough data to merit separate study, (2) the sample wa s not designed initially to permit
separate presentation, (3) response w a s insufficient or inadequate to permit separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data.
7 Hotels and motels; laundries and other personal services; business services; automobile repair, rental, and parking; motion pictures; nonprofit m e m b e r s h i p
organizations (excluding religious and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectural services.




15




Appendix B.

Occupational Descriptions

T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u ' s w a g e s u r v e y s i s t o a s s i s t
i t s f i e l d s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r i a t e o c c u p a t i o n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p l o y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f
p a y r o l l t i t l e s and d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t t o e s t a b l i s h m e n t and f r o m a r e a to
area.
T h i s p e r m i t s th e g r o u p i n g o f o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e j o b c o n t e n t .
B e c a u s e o f t h is e m p h a s i s o n i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t and i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t i o n a l c o n t e n t , the
B u r e a u ' s j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e
p r e p a re d fo r oth er p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , the B u r e a u ' s f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e
i n s t r u c t e d to e x c l u d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g i n n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; and h a n d i c a p p e d ,
p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
SECRETARY

S E C R E T A R Y— C o n t in u e d
M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b l e
n a t u r e and d i f f i c u l t y .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w l e d g e o f o f f i c e r o u t in e
and u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f th e o r g a n i z a t i o n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to
th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .

A s s i g n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y t o o n e i n d i v i d u a l .
M ain ­
t a i n s a c l o s e and h ig h ly r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p to the d a y - t o - d a y w o r k o f the
su p ervisor.
W o r k s f a i r l y in d e p e n d e n t l y r e c e i v i n g a m i n i m u m o f d e t a i l e d
s u p e r v i s i o n and g u i d a n c e .
P e r f o r m s v a r i e d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s ,
u s u a l l y in c l u d i n g m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g ;

E xclu sion s
a. R e c e i v e s t e l e p h o n e c a l l s , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and i n c o m i n g m a i l ,
a n s w e r s r o u t i n e i n q u i r i e s , and r o u t e s t e c h n i c a l i n q u i r i e s to th e p r o p e r
persons;
b.

E sta b lish es,

c.
in structed;
d.

m ain tain s,

and r e v i s e s the

M a i n t a i n s the s u p e r v i s o r ' s
R elays m e s s a g e s fro m

s u p e rv is o r's

files;

c a l e n d a r and m a k e s

s u p e r v i s o r to

N ot a l l p o s i t i o n s that a r e t i t l e d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e “c h a r ­
a cteristics.
E x a m p l e s o f p o s i t i o n s w h i c h a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m the d e f i n i t i o n a r e
as fo llo w s :

a. P o s i t i o n s
d s ri
a p p o i n t m e n te s cas b e d a b o v e ;
b.

sub ord ina tes;

e . R e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y
o t h e r s f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r ' s s i g n a t u r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and t y p o g r a p h i c
accuracy;
f.

P erform s




sional,

w hich

do

not

meet

the

"p erson a l"

secretary concept

S t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l l y t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l - t y p e d u t i e s ;

c. Stenographers servin g as office
tech n ical, or m a n a g eria l p erson s;

a s s i s t a n t s to a g r o u p o f p r o f e s ­

d. S e c r e t a r y p o s i t i o n s in w h i c h th e d u t i e s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t i a l l y
m o r e r o u t in e o r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e c o m p l e x and r e s p o n s i b l e than t h o s e c h a r ­
a c t e r i z e d in th e d e f i n i t i o n ;

s t e n o g r a p h i c and ty p in g w o r k .

B e g in n i n g w ith c a l e n d a r y e a r 1976 s u r v e y s , the B u r e a u h a s g r o u p e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d in it s
a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s in to j o b f a m i l i e s in o r d e r to p r e s e n t i n f o r m a t i o n on r e l a t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in s e q u e n c e .
J o b f a m i l i e s h av e not b e e n t i t l e d , h o w e v e r , s i n c e d o i n g s o m i g h t h av e a d d e d e x t r a n e o u s e l e m e n t s to the
jo b m atching p r o c e s s .
T h e B u r e a u h as a l s o r e v i s e d s e v e r a l o c c u p a t i o n a l t i t l e s .
w o r d o r d e r and a r e m o r e d e s c r i p t i v e o f th e s u r v e y j o b s .

17

The titles m o r e

n e a r ly r e fle c t usual

SEC RE TAR Y— Continued

SEC R E T A R Y— C ontinued

E x c l u s i o n s — C o n tin u e d

C la ss C

e.
A s s is ta n t-ty p e p o s itio n s w hich in v olv e m o r e difficult o r m o r e
1. S e c r e t a r y t o an e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n ­
r e sp o n sib le tech n ica l, adm inistrative, su p e r v is o r y , o r specia lized c le r ic a l
s i b i l i t y i s n o t e q u i v a l e n t t o o n e o f the s p e c i f i c l e v e l s i t u a t i o n s in the d e f i n i t i o n
d u t i e s w h i c h a r e not t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .
f o r c l a s s B , but w h o s e o r g a n i z a t i o n a l unit n o r m a l l y n u m b e r s at l e a s t s e v e r a l
d o z e n e m p l o y e e s and i s u s u a l l y d i v i d e d in to o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t s w h i c h a r e
o f t e n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r s u b d i v i d e d .
In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , t h is l e v e l i n c l u d e s a
NOTE:
T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in the l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s
w i d e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n l y o n e o r tw o ; £ £
f o l l o w i n g , r e f e r s to t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w h o h a v e a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e w i d e
p o l i c y m a k i n g r o l e w ith r e g a r d to m a j o r c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s .
T h e t i t le " v i c e
2. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f an i n d i v i d u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r
p r e s i d e n t , " th o u gh n o r m a l l y i n d i c a t i v e o f t h i s r o l e , d o e s n o t in a ll c a s e s
o t h e r e q u i v a l e n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th an 5 , 0 0 0
id en tify such p o s it io n s .
V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to
persons.
a c t p e r s o n a l l y on i n d i v i d u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y
i n d i v i d u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ; a d m i n i s t e r i n d i v i d u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y
C lass D
s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s ta ff) a r e not c o n s i d e r e d to be " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r
1. S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l unit
p u r p o s e s o f a p p l y i n g the f o l l o w i n g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
( e . g . , f e w e r th an a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; err
C lass A
1. S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a i r m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y
that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

2 . S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l
e m p lo y e e , A dm in istrative o f f i c e r , o r a ssista n t, sk illed techn ician, o r exp ert.
(N O TE :
M a n y c o m p a n i e s a s s i g n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r than s e c r e t a r i e s as
d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to t h i s l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r . )
STENOGRAPHER

2. S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r than the c h a i r m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 000 but f e w e r
than 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to the h e a d , i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r
l e v e l , o f a m a j o r s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th at e m p l o y s , in a ll,
o v e r 2 5 ,00 0 p e r so n s .

C la ss B

P r i m a r y du ty i s to ta k e d i c t a t i o n u s i n g s h o r t h a n d , and to t r a n s c r i b e
th e d i c t a t i o n .
M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r i t t e n c o p y .
M ay operate from a steno­
g ra p h ic pool.
M ay o c c a s i o n a l l y t r a n s c r i b e f r o m v o ic e r e c o r d in g s (if p r im a r y
du ty i s t r a n s c r i b i n g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s ,
see T r a n s crib in g -M a ch in e T ypist).
N O T E : T h i s j o b i s d i s t i n g u i s h e d f r o m th at o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a l l y w o r k s in a c o n f i d e n t i a l r e l a t i o n s h i p w ith o n l y o n e m a n a g e r
o r e x e c u t i v e and p e r f o r m s m o r e
r e s p o n s i b l e and d i s c r e t i o n a r y t a s k s as
d e s c r i b e d in the s e c r e t a r y j o b d e f i n i t i o n .

1. S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a i r m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y
that e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r than the c h a i r m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 but f e w e r
th an 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to the h e a d , i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the o f f i c e r l e v e l , o v e r
e ith er a m a j o r c o r p o r a tio n w id e fun ction al a ctivity ( e .g ., m a rk e tin g , r e s e a r c h ,
o p e r a t i o n s , i n d u s t r i a l r e l a t i o n s , e t c . ) err a m a j o r g e o g r a p h i c o r o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a j o r d i v i s i o n ) o f a c o m p a n y that
e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 000 but f e w e r than 2 5 , 000 e m p l o y e e s ; o r
4 . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e ad o f an i n d i v i d u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r
o t h e r e q u i v a l e n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
5. S e c r e t a r y to the h e a d o f a l a r g e and i m p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m i d d l e m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t
o f t e n i n v o l v i n g as m a n y as s e v e r a l h u n d r e d p e r s o n s ) o r a c o m p a n y that
e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .




Stenographer, G eneral

keep

D ictation in v o lv e s a n o r m a l rou tin e v o c a b u la r y .
May m aintain f i l e s ,
s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m othe_r r e l a t i v e l y roxitine c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
Stenographer,

S en ior

D i c t a t i o n i n v o l v e s a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u ch
a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h .
M a y a l s o s e t up and
m aintain f ile s , keep r e c o r d s , etc.
OR
P e r f o r m s ste n o g ra p h ic du ties r e q u ir in g sign ifican tly g r e a t e r in d e ­
p e n d e n c e and r e s p o n s i b i l i t y tha n s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l as e v i d e n c e d b y the
follow in g :
W o r k r e q u i r e s a hig h d e g r e e o f s t e n o g r a p h i c s p e e d and a c c u r a c y ;
a t h o r o u g h w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s and o f f i c e p r o c e d u r e ; and
o f the s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t i o n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o rk flow , etc.
U s e s t h is k n o w l e d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h i c d u t i e s and
r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l t a s k s s u c h as m a i n t a i n i n g f o l l o w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , and l e t t e r s ; c o m p o s i n g s i m p l e l e t t e r s
f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g and r o u t i n g i n c o m i n g m a i l ; and a n s w e r i n g
r o u t in e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E T Y P IS T

SW ITC H B O A R D O P E R A T O R

P r i m a r y du ty i s to t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t i o n i n v o l v i n g a n o r m a l r o u t in e
vocabu lary fro m tr a n scrib in g -m a ch in e r e c o r d s .
M ay a ls o type f r o m w ritte n
c o p y and d o s i m p l e c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s tr a n s c r ib in g dictation involving
a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such as le g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r ts
oh s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e not i n c l u d e d .
A w o r k e r w h o t a k e s d i c t a t i o n in
shorthand o r by Stenotype o r s i m i l a r m a ch in e is c l a s s i f i e d as a ste n o g r a p h e r .

C lass A .
O p era tes a s in g le - o r m u lt ip le -p o s it io n telephon e sw itch ­
b o a r d h a n d lin g i n c o m i n g , o u t g o i n g , i n t r a p l a n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s .
P e r fo r m s full
t e l e p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e o r h a n d l e s c o m p l e x c a l l s , s u c h as c o n f e r e n c e ,
c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i t h e r in a d d it io n to d o in g r o u t in e w o r k
as d e s c r i b e d f o r s w itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B, o r as a f u ll-ti m e a ssig n m en t.
( " F u l l " teleph on e in fo r m a tio n
s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h e n th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t h as
v a r i e d f u n c t i o n s th at a r e not r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b l e f o r t e l e p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n
p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e o f o v e r l a p p i n g o r i n t e r r e l a t e d f u n c t i o n s , and c o n s e ­
quen tly p r e s e n t fre q u e n t p r o b l e m s as to w hich e x te n s io n s a re a p p ro p ria te
fo r ca lls.)

T YPIST
U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s o r to m a k e
ou t b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a t i o n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o t h e r p e r s o n .
M ay include
ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p l i c a t i n g p r o ­
cesses.
M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k i n v o l v i n g l it t le s p e c i a l t r a i n i n g , s u c h as
k e e p i n g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f i l i n g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g and d i s t r i b u t i n g
in co m in g m a il.
C lass A.
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g :
T ypin g m a t e r ia l
in f i n a l f o r m w h e n it i n v o l v e s c o m b i n i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g , s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c tu a t io n , e t c . , o f t e c h ­
n i c a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ; o r p la n n in g la y o u t and
t y p i n g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s to m a i n t a i n u n i f o r m i t y and b a l a n c e in
s p a c i n g . M a y t y p e r o u t in e f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y i n g d e t a i l s to suit c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C lass
rough o r c le a r
o r s e tt in g up
a l r e a d y s e t up

B.
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g :
C o p y t y p in g f r o m
d r a f t s ; o r r o u t in e ty p in g o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ;
s im p le standard ta b u la tion s; o r co p y in g m o r e c o m p l e x ta b le s
and s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

FIL E CLE RK
F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r i a l in an e s t a b l i s h e d f i l i n g
system .
M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d to m a i n t a i n f i l e s .
P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s on the b a s i s o f the f o l l o w i n g d e f i n i t i o n s .
C la ss A.
C l a s s i f i e s and i n d e x e s f i l e m a t e r i a l s u c h as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n t s , e t c . , in an e s t a b l i s h e d f i l i n g s y s t e m
containing a n u m ber of v a r ie d su b ject m a t te r f ile s .
M a y a l s o f i l e th is
m aterial.
M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n j u n c t i o n w ith the f i l e s .
M a y lead a s m a ll grou p of lo w e r le v e l file c l e r k s .
C la s s B.
S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p l e
( s u b je c t m a t te r ) head ing s o r p a r t ly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l by fin e r subh eadin gs.
P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d i n d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s .
As requested,
l o c a t e s c l e a r l y i d e n t i f i e d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l .
May
p erform
r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d to m a i n t a i n and s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C la s s C.
P e r f o r m s r o u t in e f ilin g o f m a t e r i a l that h as a l r e a d y b e e n
c l a s s i f i e d o r w h i c h i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
system
(e .g ., a lph abetical, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r n u m e r ic a l).
As requested,
l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l ; and m a y
f i l l out w i t h d r a w a l c h a r g e .
M a y p e r f o r m s i m p l e c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l t a s k s
r e q u i r e d to m a i n t a i n and s e r v i c e f i l e s .
MESSENGER
P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u t in e d u t ie s s u c h as r u n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t i n g
m i n o r o f f i c e m a c h i n e s s u c h as s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n i n g and d i s t r i b u t i n g
m a i l , and o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x c l u d e p o s i t i o n s that r e q u i r e o p e r a t i o n
o f a m o t o r v e h i c l e a s a s i g n i f i c a n t duty .




C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s in g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n teleph on e s w itch ­
b o a r d h a n d lin g i n c o m i n g , o u t g o i n g , in t r a p l a n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s .
M a y h an d le
r o u t i n e l o n g d i s t a n c e c a l l s and r e c o r d t o l l s .
M ay p e r f o r m lim ite d teleph on e
in form a tion s e r v ic e .
( " L i m i t e d " t e l e p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e o c c u r s i f the
f u n c t i o n s o f th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b l e f o r t e l e ­
p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n p u r p o s e s , o r i f the r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t i n e , e . g . , g i v i n g
e x te n s io n n u m b e r s when s p e c ific n a m e s a re fu rn ish e d , o r if c o m p l e x c a lls
a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o t h e r o p e r a t o r . )
T h e s e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s d o n ot i n c l u d e s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s in t e l e ­
p h o n e c o m p a n i e s w h o a s s i s t c u s t o m e r s in p l a c i n g c a l l s .
SW ITCH BO ARD O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
In a d d it io n to p e r f o r m i n g d u t i e s o f o p e r a t o r on a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r
m o n i t o r - t y p e s w i t c h b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n i s t and m a y a l s o t y p e o r p e r f o r m
rou tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k as part o f r e g u la r d u tie s.
T h i s ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k
m a y ta k e th e m a j o r p a r t o f t h i s w o r k e r ' s t i m e w h i le at s w i t c h b o a r d .
ORDER CLERK
R e c e i v e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s fo r m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e by m a il ,
phone, o r p e r so n a lly .
D u t ie s i n v o l v e a ny c o m b i n a t i o n o f the f o l l o w i n g ;
Q u o t in g p r i c e s t o c u s t o m e r s ; m a k i n g ou t an o r d e r s h e e t li s t i n g the i t e m s to
m a k e up th e o r d e r ; c h e c k i n g p r i c e s and q u a n t i t i e s o f i t e m s o n o r d e r s h e e t ;
and d i s t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s t o r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s to be f i l l e d .
May
c h e c k w ith c r e d i t d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m i n e c r e d i t r a t i n g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w l ­
e d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s , f o l l o w up o r d e r s t o s e e that t h e y
h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , and c h e c k sh ip p in g i n v o i c e s
w ith o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .
ACCO U N TIN G C L E R K
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e a c c o u n t i n g c l e r i c a l t a s k s s u c h a s p o s t i n g to
r e g i s t e r s and l e d g e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; v e r i f y i n g the i n t e r n a l c o n ­
s i s t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , and m a t h e m a t i c a l a c c u r a c y o f a c c o u n t i n g d o c u m e n t s ;
a s s i g n i n g p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t i n g d i s t r i b u t i o n c o d e s ; e x a m i n i n g and v e r i f y i n g
fo r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty p es o f r e p o r t s , lis ts , c a lcu la tio n s, posting,
e t c . ; o r p r e p a r i n g s i m p l e o r a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r i n g m o r e c o m p l i c a t e d j o u r n a l
vouchers.
M a y w o r k in e i t h e r a m a n u a l o r a u t o m a t e d a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m .
T h e w o r k r e q u i r e s a k n o w l e d g e o f c l e r i c a l m e t h o d s and o f f i c e p r a c ­
t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h i c h r e l a t e s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g and r e c o r d i n g
o f t r a n s a c t i o n s and a c c o u n t i n g i n f o r m a t i o n .
With e x p e r i e n c e , th e w o r k e r
t y p i c a l l y b e c o m e s f a m i l i a r w ith th e b o o k k e e p i n g and a c c o u n t i n g t e r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in the a s s i g n e d w o r k , but i s not r e q u i r e d to h av e a k n o w l e d g e
o f the f o r m a l p r i n c i p l e s o f b o o k k e e p i n g and a c c o u n t i n g .
P osition s
defin ition s.

are

cla ssified

in to

lev els

on

the

b a s i s o f th e f o l l o w i n g

A C C O U N TIN G C L E R K — Continued

M A C H IN E B IL L E R ---- Continued

C lass A.
Under g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s accou nting c l e r i c a l
o p e r a t i o n s w h i c h r e q u i r e th e a p p l i c a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e and j u d g m e n t , f o r
e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s in g c o m p lic a t e d o r n on rep etitiv e accou nting t r a n s ­
a c tio n s , s e le c t in g am on g a su bstan tial v a r ie t y o f p r e s c r i b e d a ccou n tin g c o d e s
and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c i n g t r a n s a c t i o n s t h r o u g h p r e v i o u s a c c o u n t i n g
a c t i o n s to d e t e r m i n e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M a y be a s s i s t e d by one o r
m o r e c la s s B accounting c le r k s .

B ook k eep in g-m ach in e b ille r .
U s e s a b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h i n e (w it h o r
w ith o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f the
accounts re ce iv a b le op eration.
G e n e r a l l y i n v o l v e s th e s i m u l t a n e o u s e n t r y o f
f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h i n e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o l u m n s and c o m p u t e s and u s u a l l y p r i n t s
a u t o m a t i c a l l y th e d e b i t o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s .
D o e s not in v o lv e a k n ow led ge
o f b ook k eepin g.
W orks from
u niform
and s t a n d a r d t y p e s o f s a l e s and
cre d it slips.

C la s s B.
Under c l o s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g deta iled in stru ctio n s
and s t a n d a r d i z e d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e r o u t i n e a c c o u n t i n g c l e r ­
i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , s u c h as p o s t i n g to l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e
i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f i t e m s and l o c a t i o n s o f p o s t i n g s a r e c l e a r l y i n d i c a t e d ; c h e c k i n g
a c c u r a c y and c o m p l e t e n e s s o f s t a n d a r d i z e d and r e p e t i t i v e r e c o r d s o r
a c c o u n t i n g d o c u m e n t s ; and c o d i n g
d o c u m e n t s usin g a few p r e s c r i b e d
accounting c o d e s .

PAYRO LL CLERK

B O O K K E E PIN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h i n e (w ith o r w ith o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y ­
b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s .
C lass A.
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w l e d g e o f and
e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c b o o k k e e p i n g p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m i l i a r i t y w ith the s t r u c t u r e
o f the p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m u s e d .
D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d i s t r i b u t i o n o f d e b i t and c r e d i t i t e m s to be u s e d in e a c h p h a s e o f the w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l i d a t e d r e p o r t s , b a l a n c e s h e e t s , and o t h e r r e c o r d s b y han d.

C lass B.
K e e p s a r e c o r d o f on e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a
s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l l y r e q u i r i n g lit tle k n o w l e d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p i n g . P h a s e s
o r s e c t i o n s i n c l u d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b l e , p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (not
in clu d in g a s im p le type of b illin g d e s c r i b e d under m a ch in e b i l l e r ) , c o s t d i s ­
tribution, ex p e n se d istrib u tion , in ven tory c o n tr o l, etc.
May c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r the a c c o u n t i n g
departm ent.

C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s and e n t e r s the n e c e s s a r y
d a t a o n the p a y r o l l s h e e t s .
D uties in v o lv e :
C alcu latin g w o r k e r s ' earn ings
b a s e d o n t i m e o r p r o d u c t i o n r e c o r d s ; and p o s t i n g c a l c u l a t e d da ta o n p a y r o l l
sh eet, show ing in fo r m a t io n such as w o r k e r 's n a m e , w ork in g d a y s, t im e , ra te,
d e d u c t i o n s f o r i n s u r a n c e , and t o t a l w a g e s d u e .
M a y m a k e out p a y c h e c k s and
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k i n g up and d i s t r i b u t i n g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M ay use a
ca lcu la tin g m a ch in e .
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
O p e r a t e s a k eypunch m a c h in e to r e c o r d o r v e r i f y alph abetic
n u m e r i c d a t a o n ta b u la t in g c a r d s o r on t a p e .
P osition s
defin ition s.

are

cla ssified

in to

lev els

on

the

a n d /o r

b a s i s o f the f o l l o w i n g

C la ss A .
W o r k r e q u i r e s the a p p l i c a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e and ju d g m e n t
in s e l e c t i n g p r o c e d u r e s to be f o l l o w e d and in s e a r c h i n g f o r , i n t e r p r e t i n g ,
s e l e c t i n g , o r c o d i n g i t e m s to be k e y p u n c h e d f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s o u r c e d o c u ­
m ents.
On o c c a s i o n m a y a l s o p e r f o r m s o m e r o u t i n e k e y p u n c h w o r k .
May
train in e x p e r ie n c e d keypunch o p e r a t o r s .
C lass B .
W o r k i s r o u t in e and r e p e t i t i v e .
Under c l o s e s u p e r v is io n
o r f o l l o w i n g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s t r u c t i o n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r io u s - s t a n ­
d a r d i z e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s w h i c h h a v e b e e n c o d e d , and f o l l o w s s p e c i f i e d
p r o c e d u r e s w h i c h h av e b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a i l and r e q u i r e l it t le o r no
s e l e c t i n g , c o d i n g , o r i n t e r p r e t i n g o f da t a to be r e c o r d e d . R e f e r s to s u p e r v i s o r
p r o b le m s a risin g fr o m e r r o n e o u s ite m s o r c o d e s o r m is s in g in form ation .

M ACH IN E B IL L E R
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , and i n v o i c e s on a m a c h i n e o t h e r than an
ord in ary or e le ctro m a tic ty p ew riter.
M ay a ls o k e e p r e c o r d s as to b illin g s
o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l w o r k i n c i d e n t a l to b i l l i n g
operation s.
F o r w a g e s tu dy p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e b i l l e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e
o f m a c h in e , as fo llo w s :

B illin g -m a ch in e b i l l e r .
U ses a s p e c ia l b illin g m a ch in e (com b in a tion
t y p in g and a d d in g m a c h i n e ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s and i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s '
p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , i n t e r n a l l y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o r a n d u m s , e t c .
U s u a l l y i n v o l v e s a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d i s c o u n t s and s h ip p in g c h a r g e s
and e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h i c h m a y o r m a y not b e c o m p u t e d on
the b i l l i n g m a c h i n e , and t o t a l s w h i c h a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d by
m ach in e.
The o p e r a t io n u su ally in v o lv e s a la rg e n u m ber o f ca r b o n c o p ie s
o f the b i l l b e i n g p r e p a r e d and i s o f te n d o n e on a f a n l o l d m a c h i n e .




O p e r a t e s o n e o r a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n e s s u c h a s the t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u ­
la to r , c o lla t o r , in te r p r e te r , s o r t e r , re p ro d u cin g punch, etc.
Excluded fro m
t h is d e f i n i t i o n a r e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s .
A ls o e xclu d e d are o p e r a t o r s of
e l e c t r o n i c d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r s , e v e n th o u gh t h e y m a y a l s o o p e r a t e e l e c t r i c
accounting m a ch in e equipm en t.
P osition s
defin ition s.

are

cla ssified

in to

lev els

on

the

b a s i s o f the f o l l o w i n g

C lass A.
P e r f o r m s c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g and ta b u la tin g a s s i g n m e n t s
including d e v isin g difficult c o n tr o l panel w irin g under g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n .
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e a v a r i e t y o f lo n g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w h i c h
o f t e n a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g , r e q u i r i n g s o m e p la n n in g o f the n a t u r e
and s e q u e n c i n g o f o p e r a t i o n s , and the u s e o f a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n e s .
Is

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ---- Continued

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R — Continued

t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e d in t r a i n i n g n e w o p e r a t o r s in m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s o r t r a i n i n g
l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s in w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and in th e o p e r a t i n g s e q u e n c e s
o f lo n g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n o t i n c l u d e p o s i t i o n s in w h i c h w i r i n g
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s l i m i t e d t o s e l e c t i o n and i n s e r t i o n o f p r e w i r e d b o a r d s .

th e t a b u l a t o r and c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d i t i o n to th e s i m p l e r m a c h i n e s u s e d b y
cla ss C operators.
M a y b e r e q u i r e d to d o s o m e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s .
M a y t r a i n n e w e m p l o y e e s in b a s i c m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s .

C lass B .
P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d i n g to e s t a b l i s h e d p r o c e d u r e s and
under s p e c if ic in s t r u c tio n s .
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e c o m p l e t e but r o u ­
tin e and r e c u r r i n g r e p o r t s o r p a r t s o f l a r g e r and m o r e c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a t e s m o r e d i f f i c u l t ta b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g m a c h i n e s s u c h as

C lass C .
U n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s , o p e r a t e s s i m p l e ta b u la tin g
o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g m a c h i n e s s u c h a s th e s o r t e r , i n t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g
punch, c o lla t o r , etc.
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e p o r t i o n s o f a w o r k unit,
fo r e x a m p le , individual s ortin g o r co lla tin g runs, o r rep etitive o p e r a tio n s .
M ay p e r fo r m
s i m p l e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s , and d o s o m e f i l i n g w o r k .

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BU SIN E SS

C O M P U TE R SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T ,

A n a l y z e s b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s to fo r m u la te p r o c e d u r e s f o r solvin g
t h e m b y u s e o f e l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g e q u i p m e n t .
D evelops a co m p le te
d e s c r i p t i o n o f a l l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d t o e n a b l e p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u ir e d dig ital c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
A n a l y z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t i o n s t o b e a u t o m a t e d and i d e n t i f i e s c o n d i t i o n s
and c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d to a c h i e v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r and
t y p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d o c u m e n t s t o b e u s e d ; o u t l i n e s a c t i o n s to be
p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u t e r s in s u f f i c i e n t d e t a i l f o r p r e s e n t a t i o n
to m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y th is i n v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f
w o r k and data f l o w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s th e d e v e l o p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s and
p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l r u n s o f n e w and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s e q u i p ­
m e n t ch a n g e s to obtain m o r e e f fe c t iv e o v e r a l l o p e r a t io n s .
(N O TE:
W orkers
p e r f o r m i n g b o th s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d a s
s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f t h is i s th e s k i l l u s e d t o d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y . )

d e v e l o p s s y s t e m s f o r m a i n t a i n i n g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n t s in a b a nk, m a in t a i n i n g
a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t , o r m a in t a i n i n g i n v e n t o r y
a c c o u n t s in a m a n u f a c t u r i n g o r w h o l e s a l e e s t a b l i s h m e n t . )
C o n f e r s w ith p e r ­
s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o d e t e r m i n e the da ta , p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s
s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e i m p l i c a t i o n s o f th e da ta p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s
to b e a p p l i e d .

F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s f o l l o w s :
C la ss A.
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s in volvin g a ll ph a ses o f s y s te m a n a ly sis .
P r o b le m s are
c o m p l e x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f input da ta and m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e ­
m e n t s o f o utp ut da ta .
( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s an i n t e g r a t e d p r o d u c t i o n s c h e d ­
u l i n g , i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , and s a l e s a n a l y s i s r e c o r d in w h i c h
e v e r y i t e m o f e a c h t y p e i s a u t o m a t i c a l l y p r o c e s s e d t h r o u g h th e f u l l s y s t e m
o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r i a t e f o l l o w u p a c t i o n s a r e in i t i a t e d b y th e c o m p u t e r . )
C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e the da ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s
and a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l o n the i m p l i c a t i o n s o f n e w o r r e v i s e d
s y s t e m s o f data p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t io n s .
M akes recom m en d a tion s, if n eeded,
f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s i n s t a l l a t i o n s o r c h a n g e s and f o r o b t a i n i n g
equipm en t.
M ay p r o v id e fu n ction al
a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

d irection

to

low er

level system s

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B USINE SS
C o n v e rts statem en ts of b u s in e s s p r o b le m s , ty p ica lly p r e p a r e d by a
s y s t e m s a n a l y s t , in to a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s w h i c h a r e r e q u i r e d
t o s o l v e the p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a t i c da t a p r o c e s s i n g e q u i p m e n t .
W orking fro m
c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m m e r d e v e l o p s th e p r e c i s e i n s t r u c t i o n s w h i c h ,
w h e n e n t e r e d in to the c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d l a n g u a g e , c a u s e the m a n i p u ­
l a t i o n o f da ta to a c h i e v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
A p p lie s k n o w le d g e o f c o m p u t e r c a p a b ilit ie s , m a t h e m a t ic s , lo g ic e m p lo y e d by
c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t i c u l a r s u b j e c t m a t t e r i n v o l v e d t o a n a l y z e c h a r t s and
d i a g r a m s o f th e p r o b l e m to b e p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e l o p s s e q u e n c e o f p r o g r a m
s t e p s ; w r i t e s d e t a i l e d f l o w c h a r t s t o s h o w o r d e r in w h i c h da t a w i l l b e
p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s th e se c h a r ts to c o d e d in s t r u c tio n s f o r m a ch in e to fo llo w ;
t e s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r o p e r a t i n g p e r s o n n e l
d u r i n g p r o d u c t i o n ru n ; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , and a l t e r s p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e
o p e r a t i n g e f f i c i e n c y o r adapt t o n e w r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m a i n t a i n s r e c o r d s o f
program
d e v e l o p m e n t and r e v i s i o n s .
(N O TE :
W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g both
s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g s h o u ld be c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s
i f th is i s the s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y . )

an aly sts

C lass B .
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
p r o b l e m s th at a r e r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p l i c a t e d to a n a l y z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , and
operate.
P r o b l e m s a r e o f l i m i t e d c o m p l e x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input da ta
a r e h o m o g e n e o u s and the output da ta a r e c l o s e l y r e l a t e d .
(F o r exam ple,




OR
W o r k s o n a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p l e x data p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m ,
as d e s crib e d for c la s s A.
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y on r o u t in e a s s i g n m e n t s and
r e c e i v e s i n s t r u c t i o n and g u i d a n c e o n c o m p l e x a s s i g n m e n t s .
W ork is re v ie w e d
f o r a c c u r a c y o f j u d g m e n t , c o m p l i a n c e w ith i n s t r u c t i o n s , and t o i n s u r e p r o p e r
a l i g n m e n t w ith th e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .
C lass C .
W o r k s u n d e r i m m e d i a t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g out a n a l y ­
s e s as a s s ig n e d , u su a lly o f a sing le a ctiv ity .
A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s i g n e d to
d e v e l o p and e x p a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e in the a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r o c e d u r e s and
skills re q u ire d fo r s y s te m s a nalysis w ork .
F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s i s t a-h igh er
l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a l y s t b y p r e p a r i n g th e d e t a i l e d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u i r e d b y
prog ra m m ers from
i n f o r m a t i o n d e v e l o p e d b y th e h ig h e r l e v e l a n a l y s t .

D o e s n o t i n c l u d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s ­
t e m s a n a l y s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g i n e e r i n g p r o b l e m s .

who a re

BUSINESS— C o n tin u e d

21

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS— Continued

COM PUTER OPERATOR

D o e s n o t i n c l u d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o ­
g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w it h s c i e n t i f i c a n d / o r e n g i n e e r i n g p r o b l e m s .

M o n i t o r s and o p e r a t e s th e c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r to
p r o c e s s da t a a c c o r d i n g to o p e r a t i n g i n s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a p r o ­
gram m er.
W o r k i n c l u d e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : S t u d ie s i n s t r u c t i o n s t o
d e t e r m i n e e q u i p m e n t s e tu p and o p e r a t i o n s ; l o a d s e q u i p m e n t w ith r e q u i r e d
i t e m s ( ta p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w i t c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l i a r y e q u i p m e n t in to
c i r c u i t , and s t a r t s and o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d j u s t m e n t s t o c o m p u t e r to
c o r r e c t o p e r a t i n g p r o b l e m s and m e e t s p e c j a l c o n d i t i o n s ; r e v i e w s e r r o r s m a d e
d u r i n g o p e r a t i o n and d e t e r m i n e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m t o s u p e r v i s o r o r
p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a i n t a i n s o p e r a t i n g r e c o r d s .
M a y t e s t and a s s i s t in
correctin g program .

For

wage

s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,

program m ers

are

cla ssifie d as follow s:

C lass A .
W o r k s in d ep en d en tly o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t io n on
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h i c h r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in a l l p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m m i n g
c o n c e p t s and p r a c t i c e s .
W o r k i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and c h a r t s w h i c h i d e n t i f y
the n ature o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g step s to be a c c o m p l i s h e d ,
and th e r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n v a r i o u s s t e p s o f th e p r o b l e m s o l v i n g r o u t i n e ;
p l a n s th e f u l l r a n g e o f p r o g r a m m i n g a c t i o n s n e e d e d t o e f f i c i e n t l y u t i l i z e th e
c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in a c h i e v i n g d e s i r e d e n d p r o d u c t s .

At th is le v e l, p r o g r a m m in g is d ifficu lt b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r equip m en t
m u s t be o r g a n iz e d to p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in t e r r e la t e d but d i v e r s e p r o d u c t s f r o m
n u m e r o u s and d i v e r s e d a t a e l e m e n t s .
A w i d e v a r i e t y and e x t e n s i v e n u m b e r
o f in te rn a l p r o c e s s i n g a ction s m u st o c c u r .
T h i s r e q u i r e s s u c h a c t i o n s as
developm en t o f co m m o n o p e ra tio n s w hich can be r e u se d , esta b lish m en t o f
li n k a g e p o i n t s b e t w e e n o p e r a t i o n s , a d j u s t m e n t s t o d a t a w h e n p r o g r a m r e q u i r e ­
m e n t s e x c e e d c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , and s u b s t a n t i a l m a n i p u l a t i o n and
r e s e q u e n c i n g o f da t a e l e m e n t s to f o r m a h i g h l y i n t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .

M a y p r o v i d e f u n c t i o n a l d i r e c t i o n to l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s w h o a r e
a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

C la ss B .
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
r e l a t i v e l y s i m p l e p r o g r a m s , o r on s i m p l e s e g m e n t s o f c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a l l y p r o c e s s i n f o r m a t i o n t o p r o d u c e da t a in t w o
or three va ried sequen ces or form a ts.
R e p o r t s and l i s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y
r e f i n i n g , a d a p t in g , a r r a y i n g , o r m a k i n g m i n o r a d d i t i o n s t o o r d e l e t i o n s f r o m
in pu t da t a w h i c h a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e
p r o c e s s e d , the d a t a h a v e b e e n r e f i n e d in p r i o r a c t i o n s s o th at th e a c c u r a c y
and s e q u e n c i n g o f da ta c a n b e t e s t e d b y u s i n g a f e w r o u t i n e c h e c k s . T y p i c a l l y ,
th e p r o g r a m d e a l s w ith r o u t i n e r e c o r d k e e p i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
OR
W o r k s on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s ( a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A ) u n d e r c l o s e
d ir e c tio n of a h igher le v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
May a s s i s t h igher
le v e l p r o g r a m m e r by in depen den tly p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d ifficu lt ta sk s a s s ig n e d ,
and p e r f o r m i n g m o r e d i f f i c u l t t a s k s u n d e r f a i r l y c l o s e d i r e c t i o n .
M a y g u id e o r i n s t r u c t l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la ss C.
M akes p r a c tic a l application s o f p r o g ra m m in g p r a c tic e s
and c o n c e p t s u s u a l l y l e a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a i n i n g c o u r s e s .
A ssign m en ts are
d e s i g n e d t o d e v e l o p c o m p e t e n c e in the a p p l i c a t i o n o f s t a n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s t o
rou tin e p r o b l e m s . R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v is io n on n ew a s p e c t s o f a s sig n m e n t s ;
and w o r k i s r e v i e w e d t o v e r i f y it s a c c u r a c y and c o n f o r m a n c e w ith r e q u i r e d
procedure s .




For

wage

s tu d y

purposes,

com pu ter

operators

are

cla ssified

as

follow s:
C la ss A .
O p e r a t e s in depen den tly , o r u nder only g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n ,
a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
N e w p r o g r a m s a r e f r e q u e n t l y t e s t e d and i n t r o d u c e d ; s c h e d u l i n g r e q u i r e m e n t s
a r e o f c r i t i c a l i m p o r t a n c e t o m i n i m i z e d o w n t i m e ; th e p r o g r a m s a r e o f
c o m p l e x d e s i g n s o th at i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o f t e n r e q u i r e s a w o r k i n g
k n o w l e d g e o f th e t o t a l p r o g r a m , and a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y n o t be a v a i l a b l e .
M a y g i v e d i r e c t i o n and g u i d a n c e t o l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C lass B .
O p e ra te s in dependently, o r under on ly g e n e ra l d ir e c tio n ,
a c o m p u t e r r u n n in g p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
M o s t o f th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b l i s h e d p r o d u c t i o n r u n s , t y p i c a l l y ru n on a
r e g u l a r l y r e c u r r i n g b a s i s ; t h e r e i s li t t l e o r n o t e s t i n g o f n e w p r o g r a m s
r e q u i r e d ; a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v i d e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m n e e d s
m a j o r c h a n g e o r c a n n o t b e c o r r e c t e d w it h in a r e a s o n a b l y s h o r t t i m e .
In
c o m m o n e r r o r s i t u a t i o n s , d i a g n o s e s c a u s e and t a k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c t i o n .
This
u su a lly in v o lv e s a pp lyin g p r e v io u s ly p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e s te p s, o r u sin g
standard c o r r e c t i o n tech n iq u e s.
OR
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v i s i o n a c o m p u t e r r u n n in g p r o g r a m s o r
s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s w ith th e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A .
May
a s s i s t a h igh er le v e l o p e r a t o r by in depen den tly p e r fo r m in g l e s s difficu lt tasks
a s s i g n e d , and p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t t a s k s f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s and
w ith f r e q u e n t r e v i e w o f o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d .

expected
a b i l i t y to
receiv ed
operator

C lass C .
W o r k s on r o u t i n e p r o g r a m s u n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n .
Is
t o d e v e l o p w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f th e c o m p u t e r e q u i p m e n t u s e d and
d e t e c t p r o b l e m s i n v o l v e d in ru n n in g r o u t i n e p r o g r a m s .
U s u a l l y h as
s o m e f o r m a l t r a i n i n g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t i o n . M a y a s s i s t h i g h e r l e v e l
on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .

DRAFTER
C lass A .
P l a n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p l e x i t e m s h a v in g
d i s t i n c t i v e d e s i g n f e a t u r e s th at d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t i n g
p receden ts.
W o r k s in c l o s e s u p p o r t w it h th e d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r , and m a y
re co m m e n d m in o r design ch an ges.
A n a l y z e s th e e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e o n th e
d e t a i l s o f f o r m , f u n c t i o n , and p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m p o n e n t s and p a r t s .
W o r k s w it h a m i n i m u m
of sup ervisory assistan ce.
C o m p le te d w o rk is
r e v i e w e d b y d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g i n e e r i n g d e t e r ­
m inations.
M ay eith er p r e p a r e draw in g s o r d ir e c t th eir p r e p a ra tio n by lo w e r
le v e l d rafters.

22

D RA F T E R — C o n tin u e d

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — C o n tin u e d

C lass B .
P e r f o r m s n o n r o u t i n e and c o m p l e x d r a f t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s
that r e q u i r e th e a p p l i c a t i o n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d i z e d d r a w i n g t e c h n i q u e s
regu la rly used.
D uties ty p ic a lly in v o lv e such w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w ork in g
d r a w i n g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s , m u l t i p l e f u n c t i o n s , and
p r e c is e p o s itio n a l re la tio n s h ip s betw een co m p o n e n t s; p r e p a r e s a r c h ite c t u r a l
d r a w i n g s f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a b u il d in g i n c l u d i n g d e t a i l d r a w i n g s o f f o u n ­
d a t i o n s , w a l l s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p l a n s , and r o o f .
U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s and
m a n u a l s in m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y c o m p u t a t i o n s t o d e t e r m i n e q u a n t i t i e s o f
m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , l o a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s , s t r e s s e s , e t c .
R eceiv es
i n i t i a l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , and a d v i c e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C om pleted
w o rk is c h e c k e d f o r te c h n ic a l adequ acy.

C la ss C .
P r e p a r e s d e t a i l d r a w i n g s o f s i n g l e u n it s o r p a r t s f o r
en gineering, co n stru ctio n , m an ufactu rin g, o r re p a ir p u rp o s e s .
Types of
draw in gs p r e p a r e d include i s o m e t r i c p r o je c t io n s (depicting th re e d im e n sio n s
in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) and s e c t i o n a l v i e w s to c l a r i f y p o s i t i o n i n g o f c o m p o n e n t s
and c o n v e y n e e d e d i n f o r m a t i o n .
C o n so lid a te s details f r o m a n u m b e r of
s o u r c e s and a d j u s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u i r e d .
Suggested m eth od s o f
a p p r o a c h , a p p l i c a b l e p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v i c e o n s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g i v e n
w ith i n i t i a l a s s i g n m e n t s .
In stru c tio n s a re l e s s c o m p le t e when a ssig n m e n ts
recur.
W ork m a y be s p o t - c h e c k e d du rin g p r o g r e s s .

T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c lu d e s r e p a i r e r s o f such standard e l e c t r o n i c
e q u i p m e n t a s c o m m o n o f f i c e m a c h i n e s and h o u s e h o l d r a d i o and t e l e v i s i o n
s e t s ; p r o d u c t i o n a s s e m b l e r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y du ty i s
s e r v i c i n g e l e c t r o n i c t e s t i n s t r u m e n t s ; t e c h n i c i a n s w h o h av e a d m i n i s t r a t i v e
o r s u p e r v i s o r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s i g n e r s , and p r o f e s s i o n a l
en gin eers.
P osition s
defin ition s.

are

cla ssified

in to

levels

on

the

b a s i s o f the f o l l o w i n g

C l a s s A . A p p l i e s a d v a n c e d t e c h n i c a l k n o w l e d g e to s o l v e u n u s u a lly
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , t h o s e th a t t y p i c a l l y c a n n o t be s o l v e d s o l e l y b y r e f e r ­
e n c e to m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a l s o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k i n g on e l e c ­
tr o n ic equipm en t.
E x a m p l e s o f s u c h p r o b l e m s i n c l u d e l o c a t i o n and d e n s i t y o f
c i r c u i t r y , e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c r a d i a t i o n , i s o l a t i n g m a l f u n c t i o n s , and f r e q u e n t
en gin eerin g ch a n ges.
W ork in v olv es:
A d e t a i l e d u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f th e i n t e r ­
r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g i n d e p e n d e n t j u d g m e n t in p e r f o r m i n g s u c h
t a s k s as m a k i n g c i r c u i t a n a l y s e s , c a l c u l a t i n g w a v e f o r m s , t r a c i n g r e l a t i o n ­
s h i p s in s i g n a l f l o w ; and r e g u l a r l y u s i n g c o m p l e x t e s t i n s t r u m e n t s ( e . g . , d u a l
t r a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , dev ia tion m e t e r s , pu lse g e n e r a t o r s ) .

W o r k m a y b e r e v i e w e d b y s u p e r v i s o r ( f r e q u e n t l y an e n g i n e e r o r
d e s i g n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p l i a n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s .
May p rovid e
t e c h n i c a l gu ida n ce to l o w e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s .

D R A F T E R -T R A C E R

C o p i e s p la n s and d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c i n g t r a c i n g
c l o t h o r p a p e r o v e r d r a w i n g s and t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l .
( D o e s n ot
i n c l u d e t r a c i n g l i m i t e d to p la n s p r i m a r i l y c o n s i s t i n g o f s t r a i g h t l i n e s and a
l a r g e s c a l e not r e q u i r i n g c l o s e d e l i n e a t i o n . )
A N D /O R
P r e p a r e s sim p le o r rep etitive draw in gs o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d it e m s .
W o r k i s c l o s e l y s u p e r v is e d du rin g p r o g r e s s .

C la ss B.
A p p l i e s c o m p r e h e n s i v e t e c h n i c a l k n o w l e d g e to s o l v e c o m ­
p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , t h o s e th at t y p i c a l l y c a n be s o l v e d s o l e l y b y p r o p e r l y
i n t e r p r e t i n g m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a l s o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k i n g on
e le c t r o n ic equipm en t.
W ork in v olv es:
A f a m i l i a r i t y w ith the i n t e r r e l a t i o n ­
s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s ; and j u d g m e n t in d e t e r m i n i n g w o r k s e q u e n c e and in s e l e c t i n g
t o o l s and t e s t i n g i n s t r u m e n t s , u s u a l l y l e s s c o m p l e x than t h o s e u s e d b y the
c la s s A techn ician.
R e c e i v e s t e c h n ic a l g u id a n ce, as r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r higher
l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n , and w o r k i s r e v i e w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p l i a n c e w ith a c c e p t e d
p r a c t i c e s and w o r k a s s i g n m e n t s .
M a y p r o v i d e t e c h n i c a l g u i d a n c e to l o w e r
le v e l techn icians.

E L E C T R O N IC S TEC HN ICIA N
C l a s s C . A p p l i e s w o r k i n g t e c h n i c a l k n o w l e d g e to p e r f o r m s i m p l e o r
r o u t i n e t a s k s in w o r k i n g o n e l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t , f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c ­
t i o n s w h i c h c o v e r v i r t u a l l y a ll p r o c e d u r e s .
W ork ty p ica lly in v o lv e s such
tasks as:
A s s i s t i n g h i g h e r l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n s b y p e r f o r m i n g s u c h a c t i v i t i e s as
r e p l a c i n g c o m p o n e n t s , w i r i n g c i r c u i t s , and ta k in g t e s t r e a d i n g s ; r e p a i r i n g
s i m p l e e l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t ; and u s i n g t o o l s and c o m m o n t e s t i n s t r u m e n t s
( e . g . , m u l t i m e t e r s , a u d io s i g n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tu b e t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) .
Is n o t r e q u i r e d t o b e f a m i l i a r w ith th e i n t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s .
T h is
k n o w l e d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y b e a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a s s i g n m e n t s d e s i g n e d to
i n c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e (inclu din g c l a s s r o o m
training)
so that w o r k e r ca n
a dva n ce to h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n icia n .

W o r k s o n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t and r e l a t e d d e v i c e s
b y p e r f o r m i n g o n e o r a c o m b i n a t i o n o f the f o l l o w i n g :
In stalling, m a in tain in g,
r e p a i r i n g , o v e r h a u l i n g , t r o u b l e s h o o t i n g , m o d i f y i n g , c o n s t r u c t i n g , and t e s t i n g .
W ork r e q u ir e s p r a c t ic a l application o f te c h n ic a l know ledge o f e le c t r o n ic s
p r i n c i p l e s , a b i l i t y to d e t e r m i n e m a l f u n c t i o n s , and s k i l l to put e q u i p m e n t in
r e q u ir e d o peratin g con dition.

T h e e q u i p m e n t — c o n s i s t i n g o f e i t h e r m a n y d i f f e r e n t k in d s o f c i r c u i t s
o r m u l t i p l e r e p e t i t i o n o f th e s a m e kin d o f c i r c u i t — i n c l u d e s , but i s not l i m i t e d
t o , the f o l l o w i n g :
(a) E l e c t r o n i c t r a n s m i t t i n g and r e c e i v i n g e q u i p m e n t ( e . g . ,
r a d a r , r a d i o , t e l e v i s i o n , t e l e p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v i g a t i o n a l a i d s ) , (b) d i g i t a l and
a n a l o g c o m p u t e r s , and ( c ) i n d u s t r i a l and m e d i c a l m e a s u r i n g and c o n t r o l l i n g
equipm en t.




R e c e i v e s t e c h n ic a l g u id a n ce , as r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r higher
le v e l tech n icia n .
W o r k i s t y p i c a l l y s p o t c h e c k e d , but i s g iv e n d e t a i l e d r e v i e w
when n ew o r advanced a s sig n m e n ts a re in volved .

23

R E G IS T E R E D IN D U S T R IA L NURSE

R E G I S T E R E D I N D U S T R I A L N U R S E — C o n t in u e d

A r e g is t e r e d n u rse w ho g iv e s n ursin g s e r v i c e under g e n e r a l m e d ic a l
d i r e c t i o n to i l l o r in ju r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s who b e c o m e i l l o r
s u f f e r an a c c i d e n t o n th e p r e m i s e s o f a f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
D u t i e s i n v o l v e a c o m b i n a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : G i v i n g f i r s t a id to th e i l l o r
i n j u r e d ; a t t e n d in g t o s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p i n g
r e c o r d s o f patients tr e a t e d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r co m p e n s a t io n o r

o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t i o n s and h e a lt h e v a l u a t i o n s o f
a p p l i c a n t s and e m p l o y e e s ; and p la n n in g and c a r r y i n g out p r o g r a m s i n v o l v i n g
h e a lt h e d u c a t i o n , a c c i d e n t p r e v e n t i o n , e v a l u a t i o n o f p la n t e n v i r o n m e n t , o r
o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , and s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .
N u r s i n g s u p e r v i s o r s o r h e a d n u r s e s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e th a n
one n u rse are exclu ded .

MAINTENANCE, TOOLROOM, AND POWERPLANT
M AIN TEN AN CE C A R P E N T E R

M A IN T E N A N C E M ACH INIST

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u t i e s n e c e s s a r y t o c o n s t r u c t and m a i n t a i n
in g o o d r e p a i r b u i l d i n g w o o d w o r k and e q u i p m e n t s u c h a s b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s ,
b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d
in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ;
P la n n in g and
l a y in g ou t o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ;
u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r ' s h a n d t o o l s , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , and s t a n d a r d
m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to d i m e n ­
s i o n s o f w o r k ; and s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s s a r y f o r th e w o r k .
In g e n e r a l ,
th e w o r k o f th e m a i n t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i ­
e n ce u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r equivalent train in g
and e x p e r i e n c e .

P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t s and n e w p a r t s in m a k i n g r e p a i r s o f
m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n i c a l e q u i p m e n t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W ork
i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : I n t e r p r e t i n g w r i t t e n i n s t r u c t i o n s and s p e c i ­
f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g and l a y i n g out o f w o r k ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t ' s
h a n d t o o l s and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g up and o p e r a t i n g
s t a n d a r d m a c h i n e t o o l s ; s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k i n g
stan dard shop co m p u ta tio n s re la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , to o lin g , f e e d s ,
and s p e e d s o f m a c h i n i n g ; k n o w l e d g e o f th e w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f th e c o m m o n
m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , and e q u i p m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r th is
w o r k ; and f itt in g and a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n i c a l e q u i p m e n t . In g e n e r a l ,
th e m a c h i n i s t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p
p r a c t ic e u su ally a c q u ir e d through a f o r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r equivalent
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N
M A IN T E N A N C E MECH AN IC (M a ch in ery)
R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l e q u i p m e n t o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
E x a m i n i n g m a c h i n e s and m e c h a n i c a l
e q u i p m e n t to d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s m a n t l i n g o r p a r t l y d i s m a n t l i n g
m a c h i n e s and p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th at m a i n l y i n v o l v e th e u s e o f h a n d t o o l s in
s c r a p i n g and f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w ith i t e m s
o b t a i n e d f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g th e p r o d u c t i o n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t b y a
m a c h i n e s h o p o r s e n d in g the m a c h i n e t o a m a c h i n e s h o p f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ;
p r e p a r i n g w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s o r f o r the p r o d u c t i o n o f
p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h i n e s h o p s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h i n e s ; and m a k i n g a l l
n e c e s s a r y adjustm ents fo r op e r a tio n .
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f a m a c h i n e r y
m ain ten ance m e ch a n ic
req u ires
r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y
a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i ­
ence.
E x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u t ie s
i n v o l v e s e t t in g up o r a d j u s t i n g m a c h i n e s .

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e f u n c t i o n s s u ch a s th e i n s t a l ­
l a t i o n , m a i n t e n a n c e , o r r e p a i r o f e q u i p m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t i o n , d i s t r i b u t i o n ,
o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W ork in vo lve s m o s t
o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
I n s t a l l i n g o r r e p a i r i n g any o f a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u i p ­
m en t such as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w itc h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c ir c u it
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e a t in g u n i t s , c o n d u i t s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n
equipm en t; w ork in g f r o m b lu ep rin ts, d r aw in g s, layou ts, o r oth er s p e c i f i ­
c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g and d i a g n o s i n g t r o u b l e in th e e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u i p ­
m e n t ; w o r k i n g s t a n d a r d c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to lo a d r e q u i r e m e n t s o f w i r i n g
o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u i p m e n t ; and u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n ' s h a n d t o o l s and
m e a s u r i n g and t e s t i n g i n s t r u m e n t s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a i n t e n a n c e
e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E M ECH AN IC (M otor V e h ic le s )

M AIN TEN AN CE PAIN TER

R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i l e s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
E xam inin g autom otive eq u ip­
m e n t t o d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u i p m e n t and p e r f o r m i n g
r e p a i r s th at i n v o l v e th e u s e o f s u c h h a n d t o o l s as w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r i l l s ,
o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u i p m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n
o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r i n d i n g and a d j u s t i n g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g and
i n s t a l l i n g th e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c l e and m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t ­
m e n t s ; and a l i g n i n g w h e e l s , a d j u s t i n g b r a k e s and l i g h t s , o r t i g h t e n i n g b o d y
bolts.
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m o t o r v e h i c l e m a i n t e n a n c e m e c h a n i c
r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

P a in t s and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , and f i x t u r e s o f an e s t a b ­
lish m en t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s th e f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l e d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s
and t y p e s o f pa in t r e q u i r e d f o r d i f f e r e n t a p p l i c a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r
p a in t in g b y r e m o v i n g o l d f i n i s h o r b y p l a c i n g putt y o r f i l l e r in n a i l h o l e s and
i n t e r s t i c e s ; and a p p l y i n g pain t w ith s p r a y gun o r b r u s h .
May m ix c o lo r s ,
o i l s , w h i t e l e a d , a nd o t h e r pain t i n g r e d i e n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o l o r o r
c o n s i s t e n c y . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a i n t e n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .




24

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC ( M o t o r V e h i c l e s ) — C o n tin u e d

M A C H I N E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ( T o o l r o o m )

T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s not in clu d e m e c h a n i c s who r e p a ir c u s t o m e r s '
v e h i c l e s in a u t o m o b i l e r e p a i r s h o p s .

S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t i o n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h i n e t o o l s ,
s u c h as j i g b o r e r s , c y l i n d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s ; e n g in e l a t h e s ; o r m i l l i n g
m a c h i n e s , in the c o n s t r u c t i o n o f m a c h i n e - s h o p t o o l s , g a u g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s ,
o r d ies.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g and p e r f o r m i n g
d i f f i c u l t m a c h i n i n g o p e r a t i o n s ; p r o c e s s i n g i t e m s r e q u i r i n g c o m p l i c a t e d s e tu p s
o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u ­
m e n t s ; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s , s p e e d s , t o o l i n g , and o p e r a t i o n s e q u e n c e ; and m a k i n g
n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm e n ts du rin g o p e r a t io n to a ch ie v e re q u isite t o l e r a n c e s o r
dim ension s.
M a y b e r e q u i r e d t o r e c o g n i z e w h e n t o o l s n e e d d r e s s i n g , to
d r e s s t o o l s , and t o s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o l a n t s and c u tt in g and l u b r i c a t i n g o i l s .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s ( t o o l r o o m )
in t o o l and d i e j o b b i n g s h o p s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

M AIN TEN AN CE P IP E F IT T E R
I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r t y p e s o f p ip e and
p i p e f i t t i n g s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
Laying
out w o r k and m e a s u r i n g to l o c a t e p o s i t i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w i n g s o r o t h e r
w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u t t i n g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e t o c o r r e c t le n g t h s w ith
c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t i n g m a c h i n e s ; t h r e a d i n g
pip e w ith s t o c k s and d i e s ; b e n d in g p i p e b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n
m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g p ip e w ith c o u p l i n g s and f a s t e n i n g p ip e to h a n g e r s ;
m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o p r e s s u r e s , f l o w , and s i z e o f
p ip e r e q u i r e d ; and m a k i n g s t a n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r f i n i s h e d p i p e s
m eet sp ecifica tion s.
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a i n t e n a n c e p i p e f i t t e r
r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
W orkers p rim a rily
e n g a g e d in i n s t a l l i n g and r e p a i r i n g b u i l d i n g s a n it a t io n o r h e a t in g s y s t e m s
are exclu d ed .
M AIN TEN AN CE S H E E T -M E T A L WORKER
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , and m a i n t a i n s in g o o d r e p a i r the s h e e t - m e t a l
e q u i p m e n t and f i x t u r e s ( s u c h a s m a c h i n e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s ,
l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e t a l r o o f i n g ) o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g and la y in g out a l l t y p e s o f
s h e e t -m e ta l m ain ten a n ce w o rk f r o m b lu ep rin ts, m o d e ls , o r oth er s p e c i f i ­
c a t i o n s ; s e t t in g up and o p e r a t i n g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k i n g
m a c h i n e s ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d t o o l s in c u t t i n g , b e n d i n g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g ,
f itt in g , and a s s e m b l i n g ; and i n s t a l l i n g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s as r e q u i r e d .
In
g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f th e m a i n t e n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M ILLW RIGH T
I n s t a l l s n e w m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u i p m e n t , and d i s m a n t l e s and
i n s t a l l s m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u i p m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s in the pla n t la y o u t a r e
requ ired.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g and l a y i n g out
w o r k ; i n t e r p r e t i n g b l u e p r i n t s o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d t o o l s and r i g g i n g ; m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; a lig n in g and b a l a n c i n g e q u i p ­
m e n t ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d t o o l s , e q u i p m e n t , and p a r t s to be u s e d ; and i n s t a l l i n g
and m a i n t a i n i n g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u i p m e n t s u c h as d r i v e s
and s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , the m i l l w r i g h t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a
r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e in the t r a d e a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M AIN TEN AN CE TRA DE S H E L P E R
A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s , b y
p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c o r g e n e r a l d u t i e s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u c h as k e e p i n g a
w o r k e r s u p p l i e d w ith m a t e r i a l s and t o o l s ; c l e a n i n g w o r k i n g a r e a , m a c h i n e ,
and e q u i p m e n t ; a s s i s t i n g j o u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r t o o l s ; and p e r ­
f o r m i n g o t h e r u n s k i l l e d t a s k s as d i r e c t e d b y j o u r n e y m a n .
T h e kin d o f w o r k
the h e l p e r i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e t o t r a d e :
In s o m e
t r a d e s th e h e l p e r i s c o n f i n e d t o s u p p l y i n g , lif t in g , and h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s and
t o o l s , and c l e a n i n g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; and in o t h e r s he i s p e r m i t t e d po p e r f o r m
s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e that a r e a l s o p e r f o r m e d
b y w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .




25

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
C o n s t r u c t s and r e p a i r s m a c h i n e - s h o p t o o l s , g a u g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s
o r d i e s f o r f o r g i n g s , p u n c h i n g , and o t h e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W ork
i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g and l a y in g out w o r k a c c o r d i n g to
m o d e l s , b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , o r o t h e r o r a l and w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g
a v a r i e t y o f t o o l and d ie m a k e r ' s h a n d t o o l s and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u ­
m e n t s ; u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s and a l l o y s ;
s e t t i n g up and o p e r a t i n g o f m a c h i n e t o o l s and r e l a t e d e q u i p m e n t ; m a k i n g
n e c e s s a r y shop co m p u ta tio n s rela tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o rk , s p e e d s , f e e d s ,
and t o o l i n g o f m a c h i n e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r i c a t i o n as
w e l l a s o f f i n i s h e d t o o l s and d i e s to a c h i e v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o r k i n g to
c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; fit t in g and a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s
and a l l o w a n c e s ; and s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r i a t e m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , and p r o c e s s e s .
In g e n e r a l , th e t o o l and d ie m a k e r ' s w o r k r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g in
m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m
p r a c t ic e u su ally a cq u ired through a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , t o o l and d ie m a k e r s in
t o o l and d i e j o b b i n g s h o p s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

S T A T IO N A R Y E N G IN EER
O p e r a t e s and m a i n t a i n s and m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e the o p e r a t i o n o f
s t a t i o n a r y e n g i n e s and e q u i p m e n t ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p p ly the
e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h i c h e m p l o y e d w ith p o w e r , h e at, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r con ditionin g.
W ork in volves:
O p e r a t i n g and m a i n t a i n i n g e q u i p m e n t s u c h as
stea m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , tu rb in e s, ven tilating
and r e f r i g e r a t i n g e q u i p m e n t ,
s t e a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ;
m a k i n g e q u i p m e n t r e p a i r s ; and k e e p i n g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t i o n o f m a c h i n e r y ,
t e m p e r a t u r e , and f u e l c o n s u m p t i o n .
M ay a lso su p erv ise these op e r a tio n s.
H e ad o r c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than o n e e n g i n e e r
a re exclu ded .

B O ILER TEN DE R
F ires
s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n i s h th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h i c h
e m p l o y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r , o r
steam .
F e e d s f u e l s to f i r e b y hand o r
o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n i c a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; and c h e c k s w a t e r and
sa fety v a lv e s .
M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u i p m e n t .

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
TRU CK DR IVER

W A R E H O U S E M A N — C o n t in u e d

D r i v e s a t r u c k w ith in a c i t y o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e ­
r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e , equip m en t, o r w o r k e r s betw een v a rio u s ty p es of e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts such as:
M an ufactu ring plan ts, freig h t d e p o ts , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e ­
s a l e and r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e t w e e n r e t a i l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o l o a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith
o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s , m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p t r u c k in g o o d
w o r k i n g order.
S a l e s - r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s
are ex clu d ed .

E x c l u d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u t i e s i n v o l v e s h ip p in g and r e c e i v i n g
w o r k ( s e e Sh ipp in g and R e c e i v i n g C l e r k and Sh ipp in g P a c k e r ) , o r d e r f i l l i n g
(se e O rd e r F il le r ), o r operating po w e r tru ck s (se e P o w e r - T r u c k O p e r a t o r ).

ORDER FILLER
F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f i n i s h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d
m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , or other in stru ctio n s.
M a y , in a d d it io n to f i l l i n g o r d e r s and i n d i ­
cating it e m s f ille d o r o m itt e d , k eep r e c o r d s o f outgoing o r d e r s , re q u isitio n
a d d i t i o n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p l i e s to s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m o t h e r
r e la te d d u ties.

F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e and
type o f e q u ip m e n t, as f o l l o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld be r a t e d on the b a s i s
of tr a ile r cap acity.)
T r u c k d r i v e r , li gh t t r u c k ( u n d e r I V 2 t o n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d i u m t r u c k (1 V2 to and i n c l u d i n g 4 t o n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h eav y tr u ck (tr a ile r ) ( o v e r 4 tons)
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y t r u c k ( o t h e r than t r a i l e r ) ( o v e r 4 t o n s )

SHIPPING P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s fin ish ed p r o d u c ts f o r shipm en t o r s to r a g e by p la cin g th em
in s h ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d b e i n g d e p e n d e n t upon
the t y p e , s i z e , and n u m b e r o f unit s to b e p a c k e d , th e t y p e o f c o n t a i n e r
e m p l o y e d , and m e t h o d o f s h i p m e n t .
W o r k r e q u i r e s th e p l a c i n g o f i t e m s in
s h ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s and m a y i n v o l v e o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l e d g e
o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y c o n t e n t ; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e
ty p e and s i z e o f c o n t a i n e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r
o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g and s e a l i n g c o n ­
t a i n e r ; and a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r i n g i d e n t i f y i n g d a t a on c o n t a i n e r .
Packers
who a lso m ake w ooden b o x e s o r c r a t e s are exclu ded .

SH IPPING A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h i p m e n t , o r r e c e i v e s and i s r e s p o n s i b l e
fo r in co m in g shipm ents o f m e r c h a n d is e o r other m a t e r ia ls .
Sh ipp in g w o r k
in v olv es:
A k n o w l e d g e o f s h ip p in g p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a i l a b l e
m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , and r a t e s ; and p r e p a r i n g r e c o r d s o f th e g o o d s
s h i p p e d , m a k i n g up b i l l s o f l a d in g , p o s t i n g w e i g h t and s h ip p in g c h a r g e s , and
k e e p i n g a f i l e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s .
M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g the
m e r c h a n d is e f o r sh ip m en t.
R eceiv in g w ork in v o lv e s :
V erifyin g o r d irectin g
o t h e r s in v e r i f y i n g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f s h i p m e n t s a g a in s t b i l l s o f l a d in g ,
i n v o i c e s , o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k i n g f o r s h o r t a g e s and r e j e c t i n g d a m a g e d
g o o d s ; r o u t i n g m e r c h a n d i s e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; and m a i n ­
ta in in g n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and f i l e s .
F or wage

s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,

w orkers

M A T E R I A L HANDLING L A B O R E R
A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t, s t o r e , o r
o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t w h o s e d u t i e s i n v o l v e o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g :
L o a d i n g and u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s and m e r c h a n d i s e o n o r f r o m f r e i g h t
c a r s , tr u c k s , o r oth er tr a n sp o rtin g d e v ic e s ; unpacking, shelving, o r placing
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r
s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n ; and t r a n s p o r t i n g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e by handtruck, c a r , o r w h e e l b a r r o w .
Longshore
w o r k e r s , w h o l o a d and u n lo a d s h i p s , a r e e x c l u d e d .

a re c l a s s i fi e d as f o llo w s :

Sh ipp in g c l e r k
R eceiv in g cle rk
Sh ipp in g and r e c e i v i n g c l e r k

W AREHOUSEMAN
P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R
A s d i r e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f w a r e h o u s i n g d u t ie s w h i c h r e q u i r e
an u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f the e s t a b l i s h m e n t ' s s t o r a g e p l a n .
Work in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e f o l l o w i n g : V e r i f y i n g m a t e r i a l s ( o r m e r c h a n d i s e ) a g a i n s t r e c e i v i n g
d o c u m e n t s , n o tin g and r e p o r t i n g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and o b v i o u s d a m a g e s ; ro u t in g
m a t e r i a l s to p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n s ; s t o r i n g , s t a c k i n g , o r p a l l e t i z i n g
m a t e r i a l s in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m e t h o d s ; r e a r r a n g i n g and
t a k i n g in v en tory o f s to re d m a t e r ia ls ; exam inin g stored m a te r ia ls
and
r e p o r t i n g d e t e r i o r a t i o n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s t o r a g e and
p r e p a r i n g it f o r s h i p m e n t .
M a y o p e r a t e hand o r p o w e r t r u c k s in p e r f o r m i n g
w a r e h o u s i n g d u t ie s .




O p era tes a m an ually c o n tr o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d tru ck
o r t r a c t o r t o t r a n s p o r t g o o d s and m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t, o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t .

truck,

F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s
as f o llo w s :

are

cla ssified

F ork lift o p erator
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r ( o t h e r th an f o r k l i f t )

26

b y ty p e o f p o w e r -

GUARD AND W ATCH M AN

JA N IT O R , P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R

G uard.
P e r f o r m s r o u t i n e p o l i c e d u t i e s , e i t h e r at f i x e d p o s t o r o n
t o u r , m a i n t a i n i n g o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
In clu d es
g u a r d s w h o a r e s t a t i o n e d at ga te and c h e c k o n id e n t i t y o f e m p l o y e e s and
other p e r so n s e n te r in g .

C l e a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d i t i o n f a c t o r y w o r k i n g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l
o r other e sta b lish m en t.
D u t ie s i n v o l v e a c o m b i n a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
S w e e p i n g , m o p p i n g o r s c r u b b i n g , and p o l i s h i n g f l o o r s ; r e m o v i n g c h i p s , t r a s h ,
and o t h e r r e f u s e ; d u s t i n g e q u i p m e n t , f u r n i t u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o l i s h i n g m e t a l
f i x t u r e s o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v i d i n g s u p p l i e s and m i n o r m a i n t e n a n c e s e r v i c e s ;
and c l e a n i n g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s who s p e c ia liz e
in w i n d o w w a s h i n g a r e e x c l u d e d .

W atchm an.
M akes rounds of p r e m is e s
p r o p e r t y a g a i n s t f i r e , t h e f t , and i l l e g a l e n t r y .




p eriod ica lly

in

protectin g

27

Available On Request
a v a ila b le

T h e fo ll o w in g a r e a s a r e s u r v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f o r u s e in a d m in is t e r in g th e S e r v i c e
a t n o c o s t f r o m a n y o f th e B L S r e g io n a l o f f i c e s s h o w n on th e b a c k c o v e r .

C on tra ct

A ct

of

1965.

S u rvey

r e s u lts

are

p u b lis h e d

in

r e le a s e s

A la s k a
A lb a n y , G a.
A lb u q u e r q u e , N . M e x .
A le x a n d r ia , L a .
A lp e n a , S ta n d is h , an d T a w a s C it y , M ic h .
A n n A r b o r , M ic h .
A s h e v i l l e , N .C .
A t l a n t i c C i t y , N .J .
A u g u s t a , G a .—S .C .
B a k e r s fie ld , C a lif.
B a ton R o u g e , L a .
B a t t le C r e e k , M i c h .
B e a u m o n t —P o r t A r t h u i ^ - O r a n g e , T e x .
B ilo x i— u lfp o r t and P a s c a g o u la , M is s .
G
B o is e C it y , Ida h o
B r e m e r to n , W ash.
B r id g e p o r t , N o r w a lk , and S ta m fo r d , C on n .
B r u n s w ic k , G a.
B u r l i n g t o n , V t .—N . Y .
C ape C od , M a ss.
C e d a r R a p id s , Io w a
C h a m p a ig n —U r b a n a—R a n t o u l , 111.
C h a r l e s t o n , S .C .
C h a r l o t t e —G a s t o n i a , N .C .
C h eyen n e, W yo.

Clarksville— Hopkinsville, Tenn.-Ky.

w h ile

s u p p lie s

la s t,

a re

w ill

be

Pine Bluff, Ark.
P o c a t e l l o —I d a h o F a l l s , I d a h o
P o r t s m o u t h , N .H .—M a in e —M a s s .
P u e b lo , C o lo .
P u e r to R ic o
R en o, N ev.
R i c h l a n d —K e n n e w i c k —W a l la W a l la —
P e n d l e t o n , W a s h .—O r e g .
R i v e r s i d e —S a n B e r n a r d i n o —O n t a r i o , C a l i f .
S a lin a , K a n s .
S a l i n a s —S e a s i d e —M o n t e r e y , C a l i f .
S a n d u s k y , O h io
S a n ta B a r b a r a —S a n ta M a r i a —L o m p o c , C a l i f .
S avannah, G a.
S e lm a , A la .
S h e r m a n —D e n i s o n , T e x .
S h rev ep ort, La.
S io u x F a l l s , S. D a k .
S pok an e, W ash.
S p r i n g f i e l d , 111.
S p r i n g f i e l d - C h i c o p e e —H o l y o k e , M a s s . —C o n n .
S to ck to n , C a lif.
T a c o m a , W ash.
T a m p a r -S t . P e t e r s b u r g , F l a .
T op ek a , K ans.
T u cs o n , A r iz .
T u ls a , O k la .
V a l l e j o —F a i r f i e l d —N a p a , C a l i f .
W a c o a n d K i l l e e n —T e m p l e , T e x .
W a t e r l o o —C e d a r F a l l s , I o w a
W e s t T e x a s P la in s
W i l m i n g t o n , D e l . —N .J .—M d .

N. M ex .

Fitchburg— Leominster, Mass.
F o r t S m it h , A r k . —O k l a .
F o r t W a y n e , Ind.
F r e d e r i c k — a g e r s t o w n , M d .—C h a m b e r s b u r g , P a . —
H
M a r tin s b u r g , W . V a .
G a d s d e n an d A n n is t o n , A la .
G o l d s b o r o , N .C .
G r a n d I s l a n d —H a s t i n g s , N e b r .
G r e a t F a ll s , M on t.
G uam , T e r r ito r y o f
H a r r i s b u r g —L e b a n o n , P a .
H u n t in g t o n —A s h l a n d , W . V a .—K y .—O h i o
K n o x v ille , T en n .
L a C r o s s e , W is.
L ared o, T ex.
L a s V e g a s , N ev.
L a w to n , O k la .
L i m a , O h io
L i t t l e R o c k —N o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k .

A n a n n u a l r e p o r t on s a la r ie s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d it o r s , c h ie f a c c o u n t a n t s , a t t o r n e y s , jo b a n a ly s t s , d ir e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l, b u y e r s , c h e m is t s , e n g in e e r s , e n g in e e r in g t e c h n ic ia n s ,
c le r i c a l e m p lo y e e s is a v a ila b le .
O r d e r a s B L S B u lle tin 1 8 9 1 , N a tio n a l S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m in is t r a t iv e , T e c h n ic a l , an d C l e r i c a l P a y , M a r c h 1 9 7 5 . $ 1 .4 0 a c o p y , f r o m a n y o f th e B L S
o f f i c e s s h o w n o n t h e b a c k c o v e r , o r f r o m t h e S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n , D . C . 2 0 4 0 2 .




or

L o g a n s p o r t —P e r u , I n d .
L o r a i n —E l y r i a , O h io
L o w e r E a s t e r n S h o r e , M d .—V a .—D e l .
L y n ch b u rg , V a.
M a con , G a.
M a d is o n , W is .
M a n s f i e l d , O h io
M a r q u e t t e , E s c a n a b a , S a u lt S t e . M a r i e , M i c h .
M c A l l e n —P h a r i ^ E d i n b u r g a n d B r o w n s v i l l e —
H a r l i n g e n —S a n B e n i t o , T e x .
M e d f o r d —K la m a t h F a l l s —G r a n t s P a s s , O r e g .
M e r id ia n , M is s .
M i d d l e s e x , M o n m o u t h , a n d O c e a n C o s . , N .J .
M o b i l e a n d P e n s a c o l a , A l a . —F l a .
M o n t g o m e r y , A la .
N a s h v i l l e —D a v i d s o n , T e n n .
N e w B e r n —J a c k s o n v i l l e , N .C .
N e w L o n d o n —N o r w i c h , C o n n .—R . I .
N o r th D a k o ta , S ta te o f
O r la n d o , F la .
O x n a r d —S i m i V a l l e y —V e n t u r a , C a l i f .
P a n a m a C ity , F la .
P a r k e r s b u r g —M a r i e t t a , W . V a .—O h io
P e o r i a , I II .
P h o e n ix , A r iz .

C o lo r a d o S p r in g s , C o lo .
C o l u m b i a , S .C .
C o l u m b u s , G a .—A l a .
C o lu m b u s , M is s .
C r a n e , In d .
D e c a t u r , 111.
D e s M o in e s , Io w a
D o th a n , A la .
D u lu th —S u p e r i o r , M in n .—W i s .
E l P a s o , T e x . , a n d A l a m o g o r d o —L a s C r u c e s ,
E u g e n e —S p r i n g f i e l d , O r e g .
F a y e t t e v i l l e , N .C .

w h ic h ,

d r a ft e r s , and
r e g io n a l s a le s

Area Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins or bulletin supplements is presented below. A directory of area wa g e studies including m o r e limited studies conducted at the request of the Em pl o y m e n t
Standards Administration of the Department of Labor is available on request. Bulletins m a y be purchased f r o m any of the B L S regional offices shown on the back cover.
Bulletin supplements m a y be
obtained without cost, wh er e indicated, f r o m B L S regional offices.
Ar ea

Bulletin n u m b e r
and price *

A k r o n , O h io , D e c . 1 9 7 5 ____________________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 8 0 ,
A lb a n y —S c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y . , S e p t . 1 9 7 5 1_______________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 6 3 ,
A n a h e i m —S a n t a A n a —G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , O c t . 1 9 7 5 1 ------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 - 7 5 ,
A t la n t a , G a . , M a y 1 9 7 5 * ___________________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 2 5 ,
A u s t i n , T e x . , D e c . 1 9 7 5 1 _________________ _______________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 8 3 ,
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , A u g . 1 9 7 5 1 ________________________ _____________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 6 2 ,
B i l l i n g s , M o n t . , J u l y 1 9 7 5 ________________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 4 6 ,
B i n g h a m t o n , N . Y . —P a . , J u ly 1 9 7 5 ___________________________________ __________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 5 0 ,
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1 9 7 6 1 ________________________________________ _________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 1 1 ,
B o s t o n , M a s s . , A u g . 1 9 7 5 1_______________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 5 8 ,
B u f f a l o , N . Y . , O c t . 1 9 7 5 1 _________________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 6 9 ,
C a n t o n , O h io , M a y 19 7 5 ___________________________________________ ____ __________________________ S u p p l.
C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . - G a . , S e p t . 1 9 7 5 1__________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 6 7 ,
C h i c a g o , 111., M a y 1 9 7 5 ___________________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 3 3 ,
C i n c i n n a t i , O h io —K y .—I n d ., M a r . 1 9 7 6 __________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 7 ,
C l e v e l a n d , O h io , S e p t . 1 9 7 5 _________________________________________________________________ .»___ 1 8 5 0 - 6 4 ,
C o l u m b u s , O h i o , O c t . 1 9 7 5 1 ________________ ____ _______________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 7 8 ,
C o r p u s C h r i s t i , T e x . , J u l y 1 9 7 5 ________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 3 7 ,
D a l l a s —F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t . 1 9 7 5 1 _ ______________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 5 9 ,
_
D a v e n p o r t —R o c k I s l a n d —M o l i n e , I o w a —111., F e b . 1 9 7 5 ---------------------------------------------------------- S u p p l.
D a y t o n , O h i o , D e c . 1 9 7 5 ___________________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 7 3 ,
D a y t o n a B e a c h , F l a . , A u g . 1 9 7 5 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 - 4 7 ,
D e n v e r —B o u l d e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1Q 75
+ ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 - 8 2 ,
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , M a r . 1 9 7 6 * _______________________________________________________________ ____ —- 1 9 0 0 - 1 5 ,
F o r t L a u d e r d a l e —H o l l y w o o d a n d W e s t P a l m B e a c h —
B o c a R a t o n , F l a . , A p r . 1 9 7 6 ____ i______________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 2 0 ,
F r e s n o , C a l i f . , J u n e 1 9 7 5 1_______________________________________________________________ ____ — 1 8 5 0 - 6 1 ,
G a i n e s v i l l e , F l a . , S e p t . 1 9 7 5 ____________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 5 7 ,
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u l y 1 9 7 5 1 ____________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 4 4 ,
G r e e n s b o r o —W i n s t o n - S a l e m —H ig h P o i n t , N . C . , A u g . 1 9 7 5 _______________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 4 9 ,
G r e e n v i l l e —S p a r t a n b u r g , S . C . , J u n e 1 9 7 5 ____________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 4 2 ,
H a r t f o r d , C o n n ., M a r . 1Q 76
_________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 1 4 ,
H o u s t o n , T e x . , A p r . 1 9 7 5 ____________________________________________ ____ _______________________ S u p p l.
H u n t s v i l l e , A l a . , F e b . 1 9 7 6 ______________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 1 7 ,
I n d i a n a p o l i s , I n d ., O c t . 1 9 7 5 1 ___________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 6 6 .
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1 9 7 6 _______________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 8 ,
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 7 5 ___________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 8 1 ,
K a n s a s C it y , M o . —K a n s . , S e p t. 1 9 7 5 ___________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 5 5 ,
L e x i n g t o n —F a y e t t e , K y . , N o v . 1 9 7 5 1-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 - 8 4 ,
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , O c t . 1 9 7 5 1--------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 - 8 6 ,
L o u i s v i l l e , K y .—I n d ., N o v . 1 9 7 5 _______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 7 9 ,
M e l b o u r n e —T i t u s v i l l e —C o c o a , F l a . , A u g . 1 9 7 5 ______________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 5 4 ,
M e m p h i s , T e n n .—A r k . —M i s s . , N o v . 1 9 7 5 _____________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 8 5 ,
* Prices are determined by the Government Printing O ffice and are subject to change.
1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
2 T o be surveyed.




45 cen ts
$ 1 .2 0
85 cen ts
$ 1 .0 0
75 c e n t s
$ 1 .3 0
65 c e n t s
65 c e n t s
95 c e n t s
$ 1 .5 0
95 ce n ts
F ree
85 c e n t s
85 c e n t s
7 5 cen ts
$ 1 .3 0
95 c e n t s
65 ce n ts
$ 1 .5 0
F ree
45 cen ts
65 ce n ts
75 ce n ts
$ 1 .2 5
55 ce n ts
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .1 0
80 c e n t s
65 c e n t s
65 c e n t s
55 ce n ts
F ree
55 ce n ts
95 ce n ts
55 ce n ts
45 cen ts
80 c e n t s
75 c e n t s
$ 1 .1 5
45 cen ts
65 c e n t s
45 ce n ts

Ar e a
M ia m i, F l a . , O ct. 1975______________________________________________________________________
M ilw a u k e e , W is ., A p r . 1976_______________ ________________________________________________
M in n e a p o lis —St. P a u l, M in n .—W is ., Jan. 1976____________________________________________
N a ssa u — u ffo lk , N .Y ., June 1975 1_________________________________________________________
S
N ew a rk , N .J ., Jan. 1976_____________________________________________________________________
N ew O r le a n s , L a ., Jan. 1976 ______________________________________________________________
N ew Y o r k , N .Y .- N .J ., M ay 1975 1 _________________________________________________________
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B ea ch — o r t s m o u t h , V a .—N .C ., M ay 1975 ___________________________
P
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B e a ch —P o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o rt N ew s—
H a m pton , V a .—N .C ., M a y 1975 ___________________________________________________________
N o r th e a s t P e n n s y lv a n ia , A u g . 1975 _______________________________________________________
O k la h om a C ity , Ok l a . , A u g . 1 9 7 5 __________________________________________________________
O m ah a , N e b r.—Iow a, O ct. 1 9 7 5 _____________________________________________________________
P a t e r s o n —C lifto n —P a s s a ic , N .J ., June 1975 1____________________________________________
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . - N . J . , N ov. 1975 ________________________________________________________
P itts b u rg h , P a ., Jan. 1 9 7 6 1________________________________________________________________
P o r t la n d , M a in e , N ov. 1975_________________________________________________________________
P o r t la n d , O r e g .—W a sh ., M a y 1975 ________________________________________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N .Y ., J u n e 1 9 7 5 1 ___________________________________________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie —K in g ston — ew b u rg h , N .Y . , June 1 9 7 5 1__________________________________
N
P r o v id e n c e —W a rw ic k —P a w tu ck e t, R .I ., —M a s s . , June 1975 ____________________________
R a le ig h — u rh a m , N .C ., F e b . 1976 ________________________________________________________
D
R ich m o n d , V a ., June 1 9 7 5 __________________________________________________________________
St. L o u is , M o .—111., M a r. 1976 1____________________________________________________________
S a c r a m e n t o , C a lif., D e c . 1975______________________________________________________________
Sa gin a w , M ic h ., N ov. 1975__________ ________________ _____ __________ _________ _____________
Salt L ak e City—O gd en , Utah, N ov. 1 9 7 5 1 _________________________________________________
San A n to n io , T e x ., M a y 1976 ______________________________________________________________
San D ie g o , C a lif., N ov. 197 5_______________________________________________________________
San F r a n c i s c o —O ak land, C a lif., M a r. 1976_______________________________________________
San J o s e , C a lif., M a r. 1976____ ______ _______________________________________________ ______
S ea ttle—E v e r e t t , W a sh ., Jan. 1976 ________________________________________________________
South B en d , I n d ., M a r. 1976 _______________________________________________________________
S ta m fo rd , C onn. 1 2 __________________________________________________________________________
S y r a c u s e , N .Y ., J u ly 1 9 7 5 __________________________________________________________________
T o le d o , O h io— ic h ., M ay 1975 1 ______________________________________________________ ____
M
T re n to n , N .J ., Sept. 1975 1 _________________________________________________________________
U tica —R o m e , N .Y ., J u ly 1975 1 _____________________________________________________________
W a sh in gton , D. C .—M d.—V a ., M a ?. 1976__________________________________ ____ ____________
W e s t c h e s t e r C ounty, N .Y ., M a y 1975 1______________________________________ ______ _______
W ich ita , K a n s ., A p r . 1 9 7 6 __________________________________________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., A p r . 1976_____________________________________ _____________ ___________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1976____ ___________________________________________________ ____ ____________

Bulletin n u m b e r
and price *
1 8 5 0 -7 6 ,
1 9 0 0 -2 2 ,
1 9 0 0 -3 ,
1 8 5 0 -3 9 ,
1 9 0 0 -1 0 ,
1 9 0 0 -2 ,
1 8 5 0 -4 5 ,
1 8 5 0 -2 9 ,

95 ce n ts
85 ce n ts
95 ce n ts
$ 1 .0 0
85 c e n t s
75 ce n ts
$ 1 .1 0
65 ce n ts

1 8 5 0 -3 0 ,
1 8 5 0 -5 2 ,
1 8 5 0 -5 1 .
1 8 5 0 -5 6 ,
1 8 5 0 -3 8 ,
1 8 5 0 -6 5 ,
1 9 0 0 -1 ,
1 8 5 0 -7 2 ,
1 8 5 0 -4 0 ,
1 8 5 0 -7 0 ,
1 8 5 0 -6 8 ,
1 8 5 0 -2 7 ,
1 9 0 0 -1 8 ,
1 8 5 0 -4 1 ,
1 9 0 0 -1 9 ,
1 8 5 0 -8 7 ,
1 8 5 0 -7 1 ,
1 8 5 0 -7 4 ,
1 9 0 0 -2 3 ,
1 8 5 0 -7 7 ,
1 9 0 0 -9 ,
1 9 0 0 -1 3 ,
1 9 0 0 -6 ,
1 9 0 0 -5 ,

65 ce n ts
65 ce n ts
65 ce n ts
$ 1 .1 0
80 ce n ts
85 ce n ts
$ 1 .1 5
4 5 c e n ts
75 c e n ts
65 c e n t s
75 c e n t s
75 c e n ts
55 c e n t s
65 ce n ts
$ 1 .2 5
45 ce n ts
35 ce n ts
75 ce n ts
65 ce n ts
45 ce n ts
95 ce n ts
65 ce n ts
65 ce n ts
55 c e n ts

1 8 5 0 -4 3 .
1 8 5 0 -3 4 .
1 8 5 0 -6 0 ,
1 8 5 0 -4 8 ,
1 9 0 0 -1 2 ,
1 8 5 0 -5 3 ,
1 9 0 0 -2 1 ,
1 9 0 0 -1 6 ,
1 9 0 0 -4 ,

65 ce n ts
80 c e n t s
$ 1 .2 0
80 ce n ts
85 ce n ts
80 ce n ts
55 ce n ts
55 ce n ts
55 ce n ts

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

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Region II
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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102