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Area Wage Survey
Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood and West Palm BeachBoca Raton, Florida, Metropolitan Areas, April 1976
Bulletin 1900-20
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics

PALM BEACH

CO*
West Palm Beac

Boca Raton

BROWARD
■

Fort Lauderdale




Hollywoo




Preface
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r o v i d e s r e s u l t s o f an A p r i l
1 9 7 6 s u r v e y o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and s u p p l e m e n ­
t a r y w a g e b e n e f i t s in th e F t . L a u d e r d a l e — o l l y w o o d
H
and W e s t P a l m B e a c h —B o c a R a t o n , F l o r i d a , S t a n d a r d
M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s ( B r o w a r d and P a l m
B ea ch C ou nties).
T h e s u r v e y w a s m a d e as p a r t o f
t h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s ' ann ua l a r e a w a g e
s u r v e y p r o g r a m , w h i c h is d e s i g n e d to y i e l d da ta
f o r i n d i v i d u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s as w e l l a s n a t i o n a l
and r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s f o r a l l S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n
S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s in th e U n ite d S t a t e s , e x c l u d i n g
A l a s k a and H a w a i i .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e a r e a w a g e
s u r v e y p r o g r a m i s t h e n e e d t o d e s c r i b e t h e l e v e l and
m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s ,
t h r o u g h t h e a n a l y s i s o f ( 1 ) th e l e v e l and d i s t r i b u t i o n
o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t i o n , and ( 2 ) t h e m o v e m e n t o f
w a g e s b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l . T h e
p r o g r a m d e v e l o p s i n f o r m a t i o n th at m a y b e u s e d f o r
m a n y p u r p o s e s , in c lu d in g w a g e and s a l a r y a d m i n ­
i s t r a t i o n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g , and a s s i s t a n c e in
d e t e r m i n i n g p la n t l o c a t i o n .
Survey re su lts a lso a re
u s e d b y t h e U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r t o m a k e w a g e
d e t e r m i n a t i o n s u n d e r th e S e r v i c e
Contract A ct
o f 1 9 6 5.
C u r r e n t l y , 84 a r e a s a r e i n c l u d e d in t h e p r o ­
gram .
(See list o f a r e a s on in sid e b a c k c o v e r .)
In
e a c h a r e a , o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s da t a a r e c o l l e c t e d
a n n u a lly .
I n f o r m a t i o n on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s
and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e f i t s i s o b t a i n e d e v e r y
th ird y e a r.

E a ch y e a r after all in dividual a r e a w a g e
s u r v e y s have been c o m p le t e d , tw o s u m m a r y bulletin s
a re issu e d .
T h e f i r s t b r i n g s t o g e t h e r da t a f o r e a c h
m e t r o p o l ita n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; the s e c o n d p r e s e n t s
n a t i o n a l and r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s ,
p rojected fr o m
i n d i v i d u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a da ta .
T h e F t . L a u d e r d a l e — o l l y w o o d and W e s t
H
P a lm B e a c h — o c a R aton s u r v e y w as con du cted by
B
t h e B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in A t l a n t a , G a . , u n d e r
the g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f J e r r y G. A d a m s , A s s is ta n t
R egion al C o m m is s io n e r fo r O perations.
The su rv ey
c o u l d n o t h a v e b e e n a c c o m p l i s h e d w ith o u t t h e c o o p ­
e r a t i o n o f th e m a n y f i r m s w h o s e w a g e and s a l a r y
data p r o v i d e d the b a s is f o r the s ta t is tic a l in fo rm a tio n
in t h is b u l l e t i n .
T h e B u r e a u w i s h e s to e x p r e s s
s i n c e r e a p p r e c ia tio n f o r the c o o p e r a t io n r e c e i v e d .

Note:
A r e p o r t o n o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and s u p ­
p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s in t h e F o r t L a u d e r d a l e —
H o l l y w o o d and W e s t P a l m B e a c h — o c a R a t o n a r e a s
B
is a v a i l a b l e f o r s e l e c t e d m o v i n g and s t o r a g e i n d u s ­
t r i e s ( A p r i l 1976).
A r e p o r t on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n ­
i n g s o n l y is a v a i l a b l e f o r s e l e c t e d m e t a l w o r k i n g
in d u s tr ie s ( A p r i l 1976).
A l s o a v a ila b le a re listings
o f u n io n w a g e r a t e s f o r b u i l d i n g t r a d e s , p r i n t i n g
tr a d e s , lo c a l-tr a n s it operating e m p lo y e e s , l o c a l
t r u c k d r i v e r s and h e l p e r s , and g r o c e r y s t o r e e m ­
p loyees.
F r e e co p ie s o f th e se a re available f r o m
th e B u re a u 's re g io n a l o f fi c e s .
(See b a ck c o v e r fo r
a d d re sse s.)

Bulletin 1900-20

A rea W ag e Survey:

July 1976

Fort L au d erd a le -H o lly w o o d and W est Palm B e a c h U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, W. J. Usery, Jr., Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS, Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

Boca Raton, Florida, M etropolitan Areas
April 1976

Contents

Page

I n t r o d u c t i o n _____________________________________________

2

Page
A ppendix A .
A ppendix B.

S c o p e and m e t h o d o f s u r v e y _________ H
O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ___________ 1 4

T a b les:
A.

E arn ings:
A - l . W eek ly earn ings of o ffic e w o r k e r s . . .
3
A -2 . W eek ly earn ings of p r o fe s s io n a l
and t e c h n i c a l w o r k e r s _______________
5
A - 3 . A v e r a g e w e e k ly earn ings o f o f fi c e ,
p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l
w o r k e r s , b y s e x ______________________ 6
A - 4 . H ou rly earn ings of m ain ten a n ce,
t o o l r o o m , and p o w e r p l a n t
w o r k e r s _________________________________
7
A - 5 . H ou rly earn ings o f m a te r ia l
m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d i a l
w o r k e r s _________________________________ 8
A - 6 . A v e r a g e h o u rly earn ings o f
m ain ten a nce, t o o l r o o m , p o w e r p l a n t , m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t , and
c u s t o d i a l w o r k e r s ,b y s e x ___________
9
A - 7 . P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s in a v e r a g e
h o u rly earn ings fo r se le c te d
o ccu p a t io n a l g r o u p s , adjusted
f o r e m p l o y m e n t s h i f t s ______________ 1 0




1

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing
O ffice, Washington, D. C. 20402, GPO Bookstores, or BLS Regional
Offices listed on back cover. Price 55 cents. Make checks payable to
Superintendent o f Documents.




Introduction
T h is a r e a i s 1 o f 84 in w h i c h th e U. S.
D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r 's B u re a u of L a b o r S ta tistic s
c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and r e ­
lated ben efits.
In th is a r e a , da ta w e r e o b t a i n e d b y
a c o m b in a tio n of p e r s o n a l v is it , m a il q u e s t io n n a ir e ,
and teleph on e in te rv ie w .
R epresen ta tive e s ta b lis h ­
m e n t s w it h in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w e r e c o n ­
tacted:
M an ufactu ring ; tran sporta tion , c o m m u n ic a ­
ti o n ,
and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ;
and s e r v i c e s .
M a jo r in du stry grou ps e x clu d e d f r o m
th ese
s t u d i e s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s and the
c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E stablish ­
m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f
w o r k e r s a r e om itted b e ca u s e of in su fficien t e m p lo y ­
m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d .
Separate tabu la­
t i o n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f the b r o a d i n d u s t r y
d iv isio n s w hich m eet publication crite ria .

( c ) m a i n t e n a n c e , t o o l r o o m , and p o w e r p l a n t , and (d)
m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d i a l .
In th e 31 l a r g e s t
s u r v e y a r e a s , ta b le s A - l a th rou gh A - 6 a p r o v id e
s i m i l a r data f o r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g 500 w o r k ­
ers or m ore.
T a b l e A - 7 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t c h a n g e s in a v ­
e r a g e h ourly ea rn in g s of o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s ,
e l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g
w o r k e r s , in du strial
nurses,
s k ille d m ain ten a n ce trad es w o r k e r s ,
and
u n s k i l l e d p la n t w o r k e r s .
W h e re p o s s i b l e , data a re
p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s , m a n u f a c t u r i n g , and
nonm an ufacturin g.
T h is t a b l e p r o v i d e s a m e a s u r e o f
w a g e t r e n d s a f t e r e l i m i n a t i o n o f c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
e a r n i n g s c a u s e d b y e m p l o y m e n t s h i f t s a m o n g e sta b -^
lis h m e n ts as w e ll as tu rn o v e r of esta b lish m e n ts in ­
c l u d e d in s u r v e y s a m p l e s .
F o r fu rth e r details, see
app en d ix A .
A ppendixes

A - s e r i e s tables
A p p e n d i x A d e s c r i b e s the m e t h o d s a n d c o n ­
c e p t s u s e d in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m and
p r o v i d e s i n f o r m a t i o n on the s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .

T a b le s A - 1 th rou gh A - 6 p r o v id e e s tim a te s
o f s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly o r h o u r ly earn ings f o r w o r k ­
e r s in o c c u p a t i o n s c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f m a n u ­
f a c t u r i n g and n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
O ccupa­
t i o n s w e r e s e l e c t e d f r o m the f o l l o w i n g c a t e g o r i e s :
(a) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l , (b) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ,

A pp end ix B p r o v id e s job d e s c r ip tio n s u sed
b y B u re a u f ie ld e c o n o m i s t s to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s b y
occu pation.

2

A.

Earnings

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Fort Lauderdale—Hollywood and West Palm Beach—
Boca Raton, Fla., April 1976
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number

Occupation and industry division
worken

Num ber of w orkers
t

Avenge
weekly
Ho u r 1
(standard'

70
Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range2

80

s

S

s

S

90

100

S

no

s
120

s
130

receiv in g

S

s
140

I SO

straigh t -tim e

s
160

170

S

$
180

190

200

o f -----

S

s
210

220

S
230

J
240

S

$
260

280

and
under

300
and

80

ALL

w e e k ly earn in gs

s

90

100

no

120

130

40
4
36

68

153

11
57

50
103

111
*

"

*

12

2
“

10
10

12
10

5
5

13
8

_

22
9

28
9

13

19

140

150

160

170

180

169
58

179
37
142

121
45
76

169

190

200

210

220

230

240

260

280

300

over

62
22

43
12
31

28
7

34
13

32
19

27
13

49
16

22
15

4
3

6
6

21
7

13

14

6

10

33
30

7
7

1

*

21
2

1

*

17
14

8
7

3
3

2

.

1
*

6
1

1
1

*

44
13

17
6

6

1
2

3
3

14
5
9

8
2
6

3
3

4
4

11

7
2
5

3

31

*

*

27
12
15

19
14

-

-

5

18
9
9

24

9

10
14

*

*

-

6

1

5

11

*

*

*

-

-

-

WORKERS
$

S E C R E T A R IE S

----------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------NONMANUFACTURING
P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S ----------------

1 ,21 0
368
842
77

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

$

$

1 6 7.00
1 7 7.00

1 5 8.00
1 6 2.00

1 4 0 .0 0 -1 8 0 .0 0
1 4 3 .0 0 -1 9 9 .0 0

$
-

-

1

3
-

1 5 5.00
238.00

1 4 0 .0 0 -1 7 5 .0 0
2 1 1 .0 0 -2 5 0 .0 0

-

-

1

3

-

-

”

•

.

_

-

.

•

*

*

*

*

“

*

-

•

37
132

40
2

3 7 .5

1 6 3.00
229.50

82
59

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

188.00
177.00

1 7 6.50
175.00

1 5 0 .0 0 -2 0 0 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0 -1 9 5 .0 0

S E C R E T A R IE S . C L A S S B -------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------

232
73
159

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 8 3.50
1 9 8.50

175.50
1 8 5.00

1 5 5 .0 0 -1 9 5 .5 0
1 6 5 .0 0 -2 2 8 .0 0

-

-

-

1
-

1
-

13
-

20
10

1 7 7.00

1 7 5 .0«

1 5 0 .0 0 -1 9 0 .0 0

-

-

*

1

1

13

10

36
2
34

S E C R E T A R IE S , C L A S S C
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING -----P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S -

444

3 9 .5

1 7 6.50

•

-

1
-

2
-

-

11
-

20
9

1

2

-

11

11

40
22
18

78
15
63

112

1 8 5.50
172.50
213.00

1
1
1
1

S3

4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .0

1 7 2.00
171.50
17 2.50
211.00

_

147
297
39

24
29

11
101

11
7
4

2
5

-

-

*

*

-

*

*

*

*

“

12

2

*

2

S E C R E T A R IE S . C L A S S 0
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

452
125
327

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

145.50

14 0.00
14 4.00
14 0.00

1 3 1 .0 0 -1 5 1 .5 0
1 3 6 .0 0 -1 5 5 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0 -1 5 0 .0 0

•

•

-

-

*

1

99
26
73

53
18
35

41
12
29

16
12
4

7
2
5

2
1
1

10

-

118
39
79

4

-

56
11
45

5

-

39
4
35

1

-

1
-

-

1 4 6.50
1 4 5.50

*

1

5

4

10

*

*

GENERAL --------------

161

3 9 .5

165.50

16 1.00

1 4 4 .0 0 -1 8 5 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

2

13

41

22

10

20

21

28

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

STE N O G R A P H E R S, S E N IO R ---------------MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING -----------

86
54
32

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

171.50
182.00

1 7 5.00
18 1.00

-

-

_

-

-

7

8

7

1 5 4.00

14 7.50

-

5

1
6

3
5

3
4

3
3

-

-

3
3

-

-

6
6

-

-

10
6
4

_

-

6
5

19

-

5
-

3 9 .0

1 5 0 .0 0 -1 9 0 .0 0
1 7 0 .0 0 -1 9 5 .5 0
1 3 0 .0 0 -1 7 5 .5 0

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S A ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

197
165

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

1 5 6.50
161.00

15 2.00
15 5.00

1 4 0 .0 0 -1 8 0 .0 0
1 4 0 .0 0 -1 8 8 .5 0

43

34

-

40

T Y P IS T S ,

226
126

3 9 .0
3 8 .0

1 3 3.50
118.50

13 0.00
11 0.50

1 1 0 .0 0 -1 5 6 .5 0
1 0 7 .0 0 -1 3 5 .0 0

.
“

39

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

132.00
1 2 1.50

10 6.00
10 6.00

1 0 5 .0 0 -1 6 1 .5 0
1 0 5 .0 0 -1 3 7 .5 0

•

.

-

-

-

*

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 2 8.50
1 2 9.00

12 1.00
12 1.00

1 1 0 .0 0 -1 5 1 .0 0

-

-

1 1 0 .0 0 -1 5 1 .0 0

-

-

4 1 .0
4 0 .0
4 1 .0

12 0.00
15 0.50

1 0 0 .0 0 -1 2 8 .0 0
1 2 4 .0 0 -1 7 5 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0 -1 2 6 .5 0

1
-

6
-

1 1 6.50

110.50
1 5 0.50
110.00

1

6

1 2 6.50
12 9.50
1 2 4.50

124.50
125.50
120.00

1 1 5 .5 0 -1 3 5 .0 0
1 1 4 .0 0 -1 5 2 .0 0
1 1 6 .5 0 -1 3 5 .0 0

.

.

-

-

4 0 .0
3 9 .0

16 7.50
16 5.50
1 6 8.50

1 5 5.50
159.50

1 4 6 .5 0 -1 8 4 .5 0
1 4 7 .0 0 -1 8 4 .5 0

1 5 5.50

1 4 6 .0 0 -1 8 5 .0 0

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 3 0.00
1 3 7.50
129.50

1 3 0.00
1 3 7.00
1 2 6.50

1 1 9 .5 0 -1 4 5 .0 0
1 2 2 .0 0 -1 5 1 .5 0

-

S E C R E T A R IE S *

CLASS

A

n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

STE N O G R A PH E R S.

CLASS

B -----------------------------

n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

F IL E C L E R K S, CLASS B NONMANUFACTURING —
m essengers

33
89

--------------------------—

84

n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

s w it c h b o a r d

355
36

operators

m a n u f a c t u r in g
n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

319

—

S W It c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------

174
74

4 0 .0

100

3 9 .0

319
94

3 9 .5

ACCOUNTING C L E R K S . C L A SS A
MANUFACTURING -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING

225

ACCOUNTING C L E R K S , C L A SS B
MANUFACTURING ------------—
n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------

464

See
 fo o t n o t e s a t end


519

55

3 9 .5

5
5
5
8

4
5
4
0

.0
.0
.0
.0

0
0
0
0

-1
-2
-1
-2

9
2
7
4

1
3
5
1

.5
.0
.0
.0

0
0
0
0

1 1 4 .5 0 -1 4 0 .0 0

.

~

7

1

13
6

12
11
1

30

6
6

15
15

15
15

5
4
1

8
8

2

-

36
36

-

13
4

*

5

1
1

“

*

-

4

1

7

"

“

*

-

36
23

-

-

53
42

18
8

42
36

1

17
1

28
1

25

“

39
37

4

*

20
20

-

2
2

3
3

2

2

-

2

2

2
1

3
3

-

21

8

22

10

7

21

9

19

2
2

-

20

5
4

1

*

1

*

58

75

58
5

14

3
72

70
3
67

21

2
56

3
18

2
12

21
14

13
3

14

-

2
-

-

2

7

•

•

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

“

•

10
-

16

48

10

16

47

-

-

-

-

-

53

15
2
13

36
13
23

45

34

12
33

12
22

—

1
-

2
2

*

1

-

10
3
7

1

o f t a b le s .
3

62

119

112

8
54

12
107

10
102

19

10

11
3

92

61

21
71

21
40

47
9

55
5

38

50

3
-

27

3

1
1

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

3

2
2

-

9

-

-

**

-

-

*

-

3

18

*

*

*

5
5

3
3

1
1

-

-

*

-

-

-

29
7

31
6

24
18

26

22

25

6

30

11

6

3

10
20

11

6

3

12
14

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

•

.

.

26
4

-

-

-

17
•

22

-

*

*

17

**

-

-

-

*

*

*

*

-

.

*

*

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Fort Lauderdale—Hollywood and West Palm Beach—
Boca Raton, Fla., April 1976— Continued
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
weekly

workers

hours1

Occupation and industry division

Median 2

Middle range2

S

s
70

(standard) Mean 2

of--

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s
s

Number

80

S
90

s
100

S

s
110

120

S

S
130

140

S
150

s
160

S

S
170

180

S

S
190

200

S

3
210

220

S
230

* ■"1—

s
240

260

280

and
u n d er
80

300

and
90

100

110

120

130

140

ISO

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

23p

240

260

280

300

over

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
BO O K KE E PIN G -M A C H IN E o p e r a t o r s .
C L A SS A -----------------------------------------------------

28

4 0 .0

1 7 8.50

$
180.00

$
$
1 5 0 .0 0 -2 0 0 .0 0

”

B O O K KE EPIN G-M AC H INE O P E R A T O R S .
C L A S S B ----------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

65
65

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 1.00
141.00

138.50
138.50

1 3 1 .0 0 -1 5 0 .0 0
1 3 1 .0 0 -1 5 0 .0 0

-

*

98

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .5

1 5 8.00

154.50
153.50

1 3 7 .5 0 -1 8 0 .5 0
1 3 7 .5 0 -1 6 1 .0 0
1 4 0 . 0 0 - 1 8 4 . So

.

-

151.00
163.00

-

-

*

*

-

-

-

-

PAYR OLL CLERKS ----------------- -------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------- ----------------

$

AO
58

158.00

A ------

54

3 9 .0

1 8 1.50

170.00

1 5 4 .5 0 -2 1 3 .0 0

KEYPUNCH O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B -----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

151
65

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

1 3 9.50
1 3 9.00
1 4 0.00

140.00
136.00
140.50

1 2 7 .5 0 -1 4 9 .5 0
1 2 8 .0 0 -1 4 8 .0 0

KEYPUNCH O P E R A T O R S .

CLASS

86

“
.

-

'

-

13
9

3
3

15

7

7

2

3
-

-

2
-

-

4

*

15

5

3

*

2

3

1

4

18

*

*
*

*

12

“

“

1 2 4 .5 0 -1 4 9 ,5 0

*

19

15

10

-

*

12

13
3

23
5

*

3

1
“

1

13

7
4

11
11

-

6

9
9

28
28

1

-

7

11
11

6
6

”

See fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le s .




2

•

_
-

_
T

-

—

v

-

•

2

2

1

11

11

3

1

6

2

8

-

1

6

-

23
20

26

41
12

18

9

3

2
1
1

5
1

-

—

-

-

-

•
*

3

12
14

29

10
8

2

2

7

1

4

-

-

—

Table A -2 . W eekly earnings of professional and technical w orkers in Fort Lauderdale—Hollyw ood and W est Palm Beach—

Boca Raton, Fla., ApriM976
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number
of

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Average
weekly
houn1
(standard

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—

s

s
120

M in i

Middle ranged

Median *

130

s

S

S
140

150

160

S
170

S

s
180

190

s

s
200

210

S

S
220

230

S
24o

S
250

S
260

S
270

S
280

S
290

t
300

ANALYSTS

$
26

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

340

and
140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

290

300

$

$

320

4

*-09 .00

340

2 1 4 .0 0 2 1 4 .0 0 -

233.50
231.00

1

148 #50*188*50

over

2

21
21

8

3 8 •0

6
1
1

8

8

2
2

2

1

wt, S 3 w s

a

i n n * nn

"

*
1

C LA SS

0-

185

3 9 .5

251.00

260.50

2 2 9 .5 0 -2 7 4 .5 0

-

*

*

-

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .

5

-

19

78

25

1

12

5

14

8

17

16

12

17

6

75

*

6

2
_

2

r«

TE CHNIC IA NS ,

2

10

3?




6

(B U S IN E S S ),
235.00
231.00

E LE C TR O NI CS

—

WORKERS

COMPUTER SYSTEMS

u w s r i t r, — f
j

- i
320

and
u n d er
130

ALL

S

4

_

Table A -3 . A verage w e e k ly earnings of office, professional, and technical w orkers, by sex, in Fort Lauderdale—

Hollywood and West Palm Beach—Boca Raton, Fla., April 1976
Average
(mean2 )

Average
(mean*)

Sex,

3

o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

OFFI CE

O CC UPA TI O NS -

Number
of
woiken

Weekly
Weekly
hours
earnings 1
[standard) (standard)

HEN

S e x , 3 o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
woiken

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

S e x , 3 o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Weekly
Weekly
earnings 1
[standard) (standard)

O F F I C E OC CU PA TI ONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

O F F I C E OCCUPA TI ONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

$

Average
(mean2 )
Number
of
worken

m essen g ers
41

3 9 .0

1 3 5.00

3 8 .5

39

1 5 6.50

1 3 2.00
1*210
MAN Ur A v 1 UK 1 1
'lvj

" "

167.00
06

'“ ~L

n t i jt r iy t K b

45

.

OC CU PA TI ONS m t o o
312
s w it c h b o a r d
159

3 9 .5

o pepato r - r e c e p t io n is t s -

177.00

174
74
100
298
83
215

' 0 0
297
39

3 9 .0
3 7 .0

172.50
213.00

452
125
327

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

145.50
146.50

161
86
54
32

'“O

1 7 1.50
39^0

15 4.00

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




6

MEN

(B U S IN E S S ),

4 0 .0

.

3 8 •5
3 0 .0

• “ n -n
'•

, „

163.00

1 6 3 . ->0

/A rt
7 ? *_

,/r

1 6 6.00

1 3 0.00
1 3 7.50
129.00
48

65
65

r

49

1 1 7.00

3 9 .0

4 0 .0

B OOKKE EPI NG- MAC HI NE O P E R A T O RS .
C LA SS 8 ----------------------------------------------------------------

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

1 2 6.50
1 2 9.50

4 j4

145.50
1 6 ’"

^0*0
4 1 .0

JU .-v

____ _______ ___ w____

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

141.00
141.00

^

Table A -4 .

H ourly earnings of m a in ten an ce, toolroom , and p o w erp lan t w orkers in Fort Lauderdale—

Hollywood and West Palm Beach—Boca Raton, Fla., April 1976
Hourly ean ings 4

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f—
$

1 ---------- $

S

$
3.80

$
4.00

$

S

S

S

s

$

s

S

*

4.80

5.00

5.60

5.80

6.00

6.20

6.40

6.60

S
6.80

S

4 . 60

$
5.40

S

4.4 0

$
5 .2 0

S

4.2 0

7.20

1 --------- S
7.60 8.0 0

4.20

4.40

4.6 0

4 . 8Q

5.00

5.20

5.40

5.60

5.80

6.00

6.20

6.4 0

6.60

6.80

7.20

7.60

8.00

8 .4()

4

"

10

7

*

2

*

2

*

2
2

1
1

5
5

20
20

16
16

13
13

9
7

8
6

2
2

24
-

—

*

*

*

2

2

**

24

-

8
8

3

27
27

2
2

.

.

75

5

*

*

*

*

3.40

3.60

3.20

Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

3.40

3.60

3.80

*

*

*

*

”

2

*

-

“

1

11

.

2
-

..

-

-

-

2
2

2
2

8
-

.

-

1
-

-

2
2

5
-

3
3

-

1

2

-

-

“

-

8

-

-

5

-

.

.

.

.

1

3

-

.

3

3

*

8
8

24

*

3
3

22

-

*

“

“

3

3

4

17

15

21

4

1

1

3

.

and
u n d er
o
o

workers

ALL

3.20

3.00

O cc u p a tio n and in d u stry d iv is io n

WORKERS
39

$
5.7 4

$
6.00

$
5 .0 0 -

$
6.24

e l e c t r i c i a n s --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------

125
81

6.29
6.16

6 .3 2
6.3 2

NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

44

6.52

7.68

5 .9 0 6 .0 0 4 .8 8 -

6.85
6.50
7.85

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (M AC HI NE RY) MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------

203
117

6.4 9
5.64

6.50
6 .0 9

5 .7 7 4 .3 0 -

7.80
6.50

220
67

5.98
6.6 3

5 .8 5
6 .6 9

5 .3 7 5 .8 9 -

6.60
7.78

----------------------------*

34

6.04

6 .0 9

6 .0 3 -

6.22

-

-

•

.

-

-

.

-

.

3

-

4 #31

4.54

TOOL AND D I E MAKERS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------

217
217

5 .5 2
5.52

5.30
5.30

5 .3 0 5 .3 0 -

5.41
5.41

•

-

-

.

-

-

1
1

2
2

4
4

4

18
18

MAINTENANCE CAR PE NTERS -------------------------------m a in t e n a n c e

•

3

27
27

11
11

31

9

T

20

30

-

-

19

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------------MAINTENANCE

PIPEFITTERS

WMWUr

”

1U K l ” u

10

32

14

14

3

-

-

-

1

4

17

7

•

2

7

11
11

2
2

11
11

3

3

5
5

.

'

S e e fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




39

7

4

123
123

16
16

7

7
7

3
3

-

Tab le A -5 .

H ourly earnings of m aterial m ovem ent and custodial w o rkers in Fort Lauderdale—

Hollywood and West Palm Beach—Boca Raton, Fla., April 1976
Hourly earnings 4

N um ber of w o rk ers

O c c u p a tio n a n d i n d u s t r y d i v is i o n
workers

r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e

h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f -----

5
S
s
S
T
3
S
t
i
S
S
S
T
S
S
S
s
S
t
s
T ----------" 5 -------2.20 2.40 2 .60 2 .80 3.00 3.20 3 .40 3.60 3. 80 4 .00 4 20 4 40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 6.00 6.40 6.80 7.20 TrAO

NumU.
Mean 2

Median2

Middle range *

and
u nder

2.40 2.60 2 .80 3 .00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4. 00 4 .20 4 40 4 60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 6.90 6.40 6.80 7.20 7.60 8.00
ALL

WORKERS

T RUC KDR IV ER S -----------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------

1.797
276
1.521
412

$
4.54
4.90
4.48
6.10

$
4.35
4.69
3.94
5.45

$
3.154.153.005.45-

T R UC KD RI VE RS * L I G H T TRUCK ------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

339
323

3.35
3.35

3.00
3.00

2.65- 3.65
2.65- 3.73

T R UC KD RI VE RS * MEDIUM TRUCK --------—
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

553
69
484

3.70
3.98
3.67

3.30
4.00
3.30

3.00- 4.00
3.50- 4.25
3.00- 3.75

T R U C K D R I V E R S . HEAVY TRUCK
(T R A I L E R ) —
— — — — — —
NONMANUFACTURING — ---------

—
----

588
477

5.85
6.13

5.45
5.45

4.69- 7.78
5.00- 7.78

-

T R U C K D R I V E R S . HEAVY TRUCK
(OTHER THAN T R A I L E R ) -----------MONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

289
223

4.91
4.44

4.50
3.75

3.15- 7.05
3.00- 5.09

-

$

5.45
4.82
5.45
7.78

-

93
4
89
4

57
57
8

79
75

8

97
20
77

106
106

9
9

3
3

32
20

.

“

139

121
8
113

53
10
43

50
8
42

5
2
3
6

10
10

11

12

-

-

11

12

*

-

-

-

4
4

8
8

32
32

30
30

1

12

5

8

24

6

24

-

•
-

-

-

144

3.88

3.68

3.30- 4.25

.

3.97

4.08

3.31- 4.25

-

WAREHOUSEMEN ------------------------------------------------------------

65

3.73

3.75

3.15- 4.36

-

-----------------------

117

4.07

3.35

3.00- 5.75

-

MA TE RIA L HANDLING LABORER S -------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

409
49
360

3.22
3.37
3.19

3.00
3.32
2.90

2.70- 3.30
2.97- 4.00
2.70- 3.15

22
22

F O R K L I F T OPE RATORS ----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

172
50
122

4.11
4.12
4.10

3.75
4.09
3.68

3.20- 4.41
3.32- 4.76
3.20- 4.16

.

2

-

2

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ---------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------

1.091
159
932

2.77
4.25
2.51

2.35
4.52
2.33

2.30- 3.00
3.28- 5.14
2.30- 2.60

551

121

4.54

4.52

4.38- 5.22

*

9
8

18
6
12
*

83
10
73
16

-

•

*

116

ORDER F I L L E R S

140
a
iaa

38
38

*

-------------------------------------------------

CLERKS

279

-

279
18

NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

RECEIVING

46
46
32

-

139

32
21
11
*

39
3
36
“

_

.

-

.

*

*

*

“

34
14
20

12
12
-

18
3
15

28
12
16

20
11

10
9

5
5

10
2

177
112
65
-

119

-

133
11
122
122

44
-

65
1
64
-

-

66
5*
12
T

•
•
-

-

-

-

-

-

T

-

10

•

•

31

9

-

2

-

-

-

2

31

10

-

9

-

-

120
120

11
11

55
54

-

3
3

-

168
168

•
-

2
2

-

-

-

54
-

-

36
36

119
-

51
3
48
-

72
72

-

3

5

-

•

3

5

145
45

32
32

7
7

-

16
16

4
4

12
12

36
36

-

-

-

44
-

-

204
—

204
204

.

-

-

-

“

-

-

6
6

6

8
8

25
25

5
5

7
3

15

8

3

8

37

1

4

6

1

6

3

2

13

-

3

8

31

1

3

6

1

-

6

3

2

-

-

-

-

20

4

-

20

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

T

-

-

6

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

40

-

-

-

-

-

4

4

20
10
10

-

4

9
9

-

3

7
3

23
23

2
-

3

3
3

2

*

.
*

—
-

2

6

•

4
4

-

12

-

11

-

54
23
31

9

19

21

8

81

67
2

77

65

88
7
81

24
9
15

11

4

5

4

4

2

8

38

27

5

6

3

6

2

2

35

21

16
2
14

99

29
11
18

23
2
21

8
6
2

21
3
18

-

-

-

•

** U

n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

-----------------------------------------

GUARDS t
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------JANITORS.

PORTERS.

NONMANUFACTURING

34
8
26

3
3

11
11

1
1

5
1
4

*

40
40

3
3

2

“

*

1
1

2

6
6

34
34

*

-

30

146

5

4

6

3

2

6

3

1

1

40

3

2

124

67

94

94

19

38

15

14

17

11

45

9

91

56

70

57

10

15

3

4

17

1

7

•

-------

2.76

2.50

2.30- 3.00

660

164

— ------------- -

1.158

2.61

2I37

2.30- 2l75

656

153

4

26

26

73

8

3

“

*

2

4
5
1
4

82
5
77

146

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le s .




4

27
9
18

2

1.389

AND CLEANERS

-

*

•
551

-

6

6
*

-

-

3

.

-

-

3

-

15
15

-

.

2

-

_

2

-

▼

-

*

•

*

*

6

34

2

*

2

1

14

1

14

6
-

1
1

•

-

6
-

*

*

*

1

*

•

3
3

•

*

*

-

2
2
-

*

*

•

.

.

*

"
r

*

*




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom,
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex,
in Fort Lauderdale—Hollywood and West Palm Beach—
Boca Raton, Fla., April 1976
Sex,

3

Number
of
workers

o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

(mean^ )
earnings

S ex , 3 o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

4

Number
of
workers

Average
(m ean 2 )
hourly
earnings

4

MA TE RI AL MOVEMENT AND C US TO DI AL
OC CU PA TI ONS - MEN— CONTINUED

MA IN TE NA NC E, TOOLROOM, AND
POWERPLANT OC CUPA TI ONS - MEN
$ ^

TRUCKORI VERS

-

CONTINUED

TRUCKORIVERS,

HEAVY TRUCK

6 .5 2

5 .6 4
MAINTENANCE

65

3 .7 3

172

WAREHOUSEMEN ------------------------------------------------------------

MECHANICS

4 .1 1

6 .0 4
H wNUr A L 1 UK

*■ m

■■■

■

■

4 .2 9
^

r4¥f.

m aterial

217
217

movement

OC CU PA TI ONS

and

-

.1 0

5 .5 2
______ ___

_ 1N , _
P

____ _

n on m a n u f ac t u r in g

C US TOOI AL
MEN

-----------------------------------------

895

2 .5 1

GUARDS!
1*762
1 ,4 8 8
406

JANITORS,

PORTERS,

AND CLEANERS --------

n /,

066
NONMANUEACTURING ----------------------------------------

306
290

0 .6 6

322

2 .5 6

3 f 0
3 .4 0

3*67
TRUCKORIVERS,

HEAVY TRUCK

JANITORS,
588
477

POR TERS,

AND CLEANERS -------

5 .8 5
2*48

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .

9

Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts, in
Fort Lauderdale—Hollywood and West Palm Beach—
Boca Raton, Fla., for selected periods
In d u s try and o c c u p a t io n a l g ro u p
(m e n and w o m e n co m b in e d )

A p r i l 1972
to
A p r i l 1973

A p r i l 1973
to
A p r i l 1974

A p r i l 1974
to
A p r i l 1975

6 .7
*
***
7 .4
6 .3

9 .4
*
***
7 .2
9.9

8.6
***
***
9 .4
9 .8

6.2
***
***
8 .7
4 .4

sic**

A l l in d u s t r ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l __________________________ _____________
E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g ---------------------- -------------In d u s t r ia l n u r s e s __________ __________ _______ _ _ _ _
S k ille d m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s * * _____
____________
U n sk ille d pla n t w o r k e r s * * ---------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l __________________________________________
E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g ________
_ _ _
____
I n d u s tr ia l n u r s e s ______________________________________
S k ille d m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s * * _______________________
U n sk ille d plant w o r k e r s * * ---------------------------------------

***

*

**sjc

***

***

7.6
8 .4

6 .1
***

8 .4
***

***
***
***
6 .9
7.6

6 .4
*
***
***
5.2

D ata not a v a ila b le .
P e r c e n t in c r e a s e s fo r p e r io d s en d in g p r i o r to
D ata do not m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

sjcsjc*

*
***

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l __________ _
_
___
E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g __________________________
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s ------ ------------- ---------- ------ -- -----S k ille d m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s * * ----------------------------------U n sk ille d pla n t w o r k e r s * * ----------------------------------------

*
**
***

A p r i l 1975
to
A p r i l 1976

10.7
*
***
***
10.5

8 .4
***
***
***
8.2

6 .8
***
***
***
3.6

1976 r e la t e to m e n o n ly .

Footnotes
1 Sta n da rd h o u r s r e f le c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y fo r o v e r t i m e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d
to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T h e m e a n is c o m p u t e d fo r e a c h j o b b y to ta lin g the e a r n in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a t e s p o s it io n — h a lf o f the e m p lo y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e iv e m o r e
and h a lf r e c e i v e l e s s than the ra te sh ow n .
T h e m id d le ra n g e is d e fin e d by 2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a fo u r th o f the w o r k e r s e a rn l e s s than the lo w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s and a fo u r th e a r n m o r e than the h ig h er ra te.
3 E a rn in g s data r e la t e o n ly to w o r k e r s w h o s e s e x id e n t ific a t io n w a s p r o v id e d by the e s t a b lis h m e n t .
4 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .




1 0

Appendix A
A r e a w age and r ela ted ben efits data a r e obtained by p e r s o n a l v is it s
o f Bureau fie ld r e p r e s e n t a t iv e s at 3 - y e a r in t e r v a ls . 1 In eac h o f the i n t e r ­
venin g y e a r s , in fo r m a t io n on e m p lo y m e n t and o c cu p a tion a l ea r n in g s is c o l ­
le c te d by a co m b in a tio n o f p e r s o n a l v is it , m a i l qu e st io n n a ir e , and te lephon e
in terview f r o m es t a b lis h m e n t s p a rticip atin g in the p r e v i o u s su r v ey .

d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e in du stry d iv is io n s within the s c o p e o f the su r v e y , are
not p r e s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s , b e c a u s e either (1) e m p lo y m e n t in the
o c c u p a t io n i s too s m a ll to p r o v i d e enough data to m e r i t p r esen ta tion , o r
(2) th ere is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in dividu al estab lis h m en t data.
Sepa­
rate m e n ' s and w o m e n 's e arn in g s data a r e not p r e s e n te d when the n um ber o f
w o r k e r s not iden tified by s e x i s 20 p e r c e n t o r m o r e o f the m e n o r w om en
id en tified in an o c cu p a tion .
E a rn in gs data not shown sep a r a tely f o r in dustry
d iv is io n s a r e in cluded in data f o r all in d u str ies com bined.
L ik e w is e ,
data a r e included- in the o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n when a su b c la s s if ic a t i o n of
e l e c t r o n i c s t e c h n ic ia n s , s e c r e t a r i e s , o r t r u c k d r i v e r s is not shown o r i n f o r ­
m a tion to s u b c l a s s i f y is not av a ila b le.

In eac h o f the 84 2 a r e a s c u r r e n t l y s u r v e y e d , data ar e obtain ed f r o m
r e p re s e n t a t iv e e st a b lis h m e n t s within six b r o a d in du stry d iv is io n s :
M an u fa c­
turing; tr a n sp o rt a tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and oth er public u tilities ; w h o le sa le
tr a d e; r e ta il tr a d e ; fin a n ce, i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l estate; and s e r v i c e s .
M a jo r
in du stry g rou ps ex clu d ed f r o m th ese studies ar e g o v er n m en t o p e r a t io n s and
the co n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s .
E s ta b lis h m en ts having f e w e r than
a p r e s c r i b e d num ber o f w o r k e r s ar e om itted b e c a u s e o f in su ffic ien t e m p l o y ­
ment in the oc cu p a tion s studied.
Separate tabula tions are p r o v id e d f o r each
o f the b r oa d in du stry d iv is io n s w hich m e e t pu blica tion c r i t e r i a .

O ccu p ation a l em p lo y m e n t and ea r n in g s data a r e shown f o r f u ll- t i m e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , th ose h ired to w o rk a r e g u la r w eek ly sch edule.
Earn in gs data
e x clu d e p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o rk on w eekends, h olida ys, and
late shifts. N onproduction bon u ses a r e ex clu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g allow a n ces
and in cen tive bo n u se s ar e in clu ded .
W eek ly hours f o r o f f ic e c l e r i c a l and
p r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n ic a l o c cu p a t io n s r e f e r to the standard w ork w eek
(rounded to the n e a r e s t half hour) f o r which e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e r egu la r
s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s i v e o f pay f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r a n d / o r
p r e m iu m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k ly earn ing s f o r th ese occu pation s are rounded
to the n e a r e s t half d o lla r .

T h e s e s u r v e y s are condu cted on a sa m p le b a s i s .
The samplin g
p r o c e d u r e s in volve detailed stra tifica tion o f all es t a b lis h m e n t s within the
s c o p e o f an in div id ual a r e a su r v e y by in du stry and n u m b e r o f e m p l o y e e s .
F r o m this stra tified u n iv e r se a p r o b a b ility sa m ple is s e l e c t e d , with each
e sta b lis h m en t having a p r e d e te r m in e d cha nce o f s e l e c t io n . T o obtain optim um
a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t io n o f la rg e than sm a ll e s t a b ­
lis h m en ts i s s e l e c t e d .
When data are c o m b in e d , each e sta b lis h m en t is
w eighted a c c o r d i n g to its p r o b a b ility of s e l e c t io n , so that unbiased e s t im a te s
ar e g en er a ted .
F o r e x a m p le , if one out o f fou r e st a b lis h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d ,
it is giv en a weight o f four to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f plus th r ee o t h e r s .
An alternate
o f the sa m e o r ig i n a l p r ob a b ility is ch o s e n in the sa m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i ­
fication i f data are not availa ble f r o m the o r ig i n a l sa m ple m e m b e r .
If no
suitable substitute is a v ailab le, additional weight is a s sig n e d to a sam ple
m e m b e r that is s i m il a r to the m i s s i n g unit.

T h e s e su r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c cu p a tion a l earn ings in an a r e a
at a p a r t ic u la r t i m e .
C o m p a r i s o n s o f in div id ual occu pation al a v e r a g e s o v e r
tim e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d wage c h a n g es. The a v e r a g e s for individual jo b s
a r e a f f e c te d by cha nges in w a g es and e m p lo y m e n t patterns.
F o r e x a m p le ,
p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by h igh - o r lo w - w a g e f i r m s m a y change, o r
h ig h -w a g e w o r k e r s m a y advance to better jo b s and be r e p la c e d by new
w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a te s .
Such shifts in e m p lo y m e n t cou ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u ­
pational a v e r a g e even though m o s t est a b lis h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w ag es
during the y e a r .
Changes in e arn in g s o f oc cu p a t io n a l g ro u p s , shown in table
A - 7 , ar e b e t te r in d ic a t o r s o f wage tren ds than are earn ings cha nges fo r
in div id ual j o b s within the g r o u p s .

O cc u p a tion s and earn ings
O cc u p a tion s s e l e c t e d f o r study are c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y of m a n u f a c ­
turin g and n onm anufacturin g in d u s tr ie s , and ar e o f the follow in g ty p es :
(1) O ffice c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n ic a l; (3) m a in ten an ce, t o o l r o o m ,
and pow erp lan t; and (4) m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t and c u s to d ia l.
O ccup ationa l
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m set o f jo b d e s c r ip t i o n s d es ig n ed to take
a ccoun t o f in te r e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r ia tion in duties within the sa m e j o b .
O ccu­
pa tions s e l e c t e d f o r study are listed and d e s c r i b e d in appendix B.
U nle ss
o t h e r w is e in d ic a ted , the earn ing s data fo llo w in g the job t itle s ar e f o r all
in d u s tr ie s c o m b i n e d .
Ea rn in gs data f o r s o m e o f the o c cu p a t io n s lis ted and

A v e r a g e earn ing s r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , ar ea w id e e s t im a te s .
Industrie s
and es t a b lis h m e n t s d if f e r in pay l e v e l and jo b staffing, and thus contrib ute
d if f e r e n t ly to the e s t im a t e s f o r eac h jo b .
P a y a v e r a g e s m a y f a il to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y the w age d if f e r e n t ia l am ong jo b s in in dividual est a b lis h m e n t s.

1 Personal visits were on a 2-year cycle before July 1972.
2 Included in the 84 areas are 14 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are
Akron, Ohio; Austin, T ex .; Binghamton, N .Y . — a .; Birmingham, A la .; Fort Lauderdale—
P
Hollywood and West
Palm Beach—
Boca Raton, Fla.; Lexington—
Fayette, Ky. ; Melbourne—Titusville—
Cocoa, Fla.; Norfolk—
Virginia
Beach—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va. — C . ; Poughkeepsie-Kingston-Newburgh, N. Y. ; Raleigh—
N.
Durham, N. C .; Stamford, Conn.; Syracuse, N. Y . ; Utica—
Rome, N .Y .; and Westchester County, N .Y .
In
addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 70 areas at the request of the
Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department of Labor.




11

A v e r a g e pay le v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d occu pation s should
not be a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in pay o f the s e x e s within in dividual
e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
F a c t o r s w hich m a y c ontrib ute to d i f f e r e n c e s in clude p r o ­
g r e s s i o n within e st a b lis h e d rate r a n g e s (only the r a te s paid in cu m b ents are
c o l l e c t e d ) and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c du ties within the g e n e r a l su r v e y jo b
d escriptions.
Job d e s c r i p t i o n s u sed to c l a s s i f y e m p lo y e e s in th ese su r v e y s
u su ally a r e m o r e g e n e r a li z e d than th ose u sed in in dividual estab lis h m en ts
and allow f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s am ong est a b lis h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c duties
perform ed.

O cc u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a t e s r e p r e s e n t the total in a ll e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts within the s c o p e o f the study and not the n u m ber actu ally su r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e s am ong e s t a b lis h m e n t s d i f f e r , e s t im a t e s o f
o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t obtain ed f r o m the sa m ple o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s studied
s e r v e on ly to in d icate the r e la t iv e im p o r t a n c e o f the jo b s studied.
T h ese
d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l st ru c tu re do not a ffe c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y o f
the e a r n in g s data.

E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g
(m en and w o m e n ) :
Com puter system s
a n a ly s ts , c l a s s e s
A , B, and C
Com puter p ro g r a m m e r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B, and C
Com puter op e ra to rs ,
c l a s s e s A , B, and C

Wage tr e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g rou ps

The p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s p r e s e n te d in ta ble A - 7 a r e b a s e d on c ha ng es
in a v e r a g e h o u r ly ea r n in g s f o r es t a b lis h m e n t s r e p o r t in g the tr end j o b s in both
the c u r r e n t and p r e v i o u s y e a r (m a tched e s t a b lis h m e n t s ) .
The data ar e
adju sted to r e m o v e the e f f e c t s on a v e r a g e ea r n in g s o f e m p lo y m e n t shifts
am ong e s t a b lis h m e n t s and t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s in cluded in su r v e y
sam ples.
The p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , ar e s t ill affec ted b y f a c t o r s
oth er than w age i n c r e a s e s .
H irin gs , l a y o f f s , and t u r n o v e r m a y a ffe c t an
est a b lis h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an occu p a t io n when w o r k e r s ar e paid under plans
pr ov id in g a range o f w age r a tes f o r in div id ual j o b s .
In p e r io d s o f i n c r e a s e d
h irin g , f o r e x a m p l e , new e m p l o y e e s enter at the bottom o f the ran ge,
d e p r e s s i n g the a v e r a g e without a change in wage r a te s .

Skilled m ain ten an ce (men
and w o m e n ) :
C arpenters
E lectricia ns
Painters
M a c h in is ts
M e c h a n ic s (m a ch in ery )
M e c h a n ic s ( m o t o r v e h ic le )
P ip e f i t t e r s
T o o l and die m a k e r s

In dustria l n u r s e s (m en and
w om en ):
R e g i s t e r e d in d u str ia l
nurses
P e r c e n t c ha ng es f o r indiv:
as f o l l o w s :

Unskilled plant (men and
w om en ):
J a n i to r s , p o r t e r s , and
clean ers
M a te r ia l handling l a b o r e r s
a r e a s in the p r o g r a m ar e c om p u ted

1.

2.

O cc u p a tion s u sed to c om p u te wage tr e n d s a r e :

O ffice c l e r i c a l (m en and
w om en ):

O ffice c l e r i c a l (men and
w o m e n )----Continued

S ecretaries
Stenographers, general
S t e n o g r a p h e r s , s e n io r
T y p i s t s , c l a s s e s A and B
F ile c l e r k s , c l a s s e s A,
B, and C
M essengers
Sw itch boa rd o p e r a t o r s
O rder clerk s

A c co u n tin g c l e r k s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h in e
operators, class B
P ayroll clerk s
K eypunch o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
T abulating - m ac hine
operators, class B

T h e s e w eigh ts a r e u se d to com p u te g rou p a v e r a g e s .
E a ch o c c u p a t i o n 's a v e r a g e (mean) ea r n in g s is m u ltip lied
by it s weight.
The p r o d u c ts ar e totaled to obtain a
g rou p a v e r a g e .

3.

The p e r c e n t ch a n g es r elate to wage ch a n g es betw een the in dicated
d a tes.
When the tim e span b etw een su r v e y s is oth er than 12 m on th s, annual
r a te s ar e shown.
(It i s a s s u m e d that w a g e s i n c r e a s e at a constant rate
b etw een s u r v e y s . )

E a ch o c c u p a t io n i s a s s ig n e d a w eight b a s e d on its p r o ­
p ortion ate e m p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a t io n a l g rou p in the
base year.

The r atio o f g rou p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t iv e y e a r s is
c o m p u te d by div iding the a v e r a g e f o r the c u r r e n t y ea r
by the a v e r a g e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
The resu lt—
e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t — l e s s 100 is the p e r c e n t change.

F o r a m o r e detailed d e s c r i p t i o n o f the m e t h o d u sed to com pute th ese
w age t r e n d s , s e e "I m p r o v in g A r e a Wage Survey In d e x e s , " Monthly L a b o r
R e v i e w , January 1973, pp. 5 2 - 5 7 .
E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p lem en ta r y w age p r o v i s i o n s




T ab u lations on s e l e c t e d e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and su pplem en tary
w ag e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s ta b les ) a r e npt p r e s e n t e d in this bulletin.
Infor­
m a tion f o r th ese tabula tions is c o l l e c t e d at 3 - y e a r in t e r v a ls . 1 T h e s e tabu­
*
3
2
latio ns on m i n im u m en tr a n ce s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; shift
d if f e r e n t ia ls ; sch eduled w e e k ly h ours and d a y s ; paid h o lid a y s ; paid v a c a tio n s ;
and health, in s u r a n c e , and pen sion plans ar e p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s ta bles)
in p r e v i o u s bu lletin s f o r th is a r e a .
1 Personal visits were on a 2-year cy cle before July 1972.

12

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
in Fort Lauderdale—Hollywood and West Palm Beach—Boca Raton, Fla.,1April 1976
In d u s try d i v is i o n 2

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l is h m e n ts in s c o p e
o f stud y

-------------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----- ---------------------------t r an spo rta ti on, c o m m uni cat io n, and
OTHER PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5 ----------------------------------------WH OL ES AL E T R A D E 6 ---------------------------------------------------------r e t a i l T R A D E 6 ----------------------------------------------------------------f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e 6 --------------S E R V I C E S 6 7--------------------------------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f stud y 4

W ith in s c o p e
o f stu d y 3

Stu died

Stu died
N u m b er

P ercen t

690

ALL D I V I S I O N S --------------------------- -----manufacturing

N u m b er o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s

50
*

50
50
50
50
50

136

125,590

100

60,401

152
538

41
95

30.525
95,065

24
76

18,633
41,768

10

12,746
2,704
48,244
11,765
19,606

10
2
38
9
16

10,378
679
21,408
2,359
6,944

36
31
255
104

7
36
15
27

112

1 T h e F o r t L a u d e r d a le — o lly w o o d and W e s t P a lm B e a c h —B o c a R a ton S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S t a tis t ic a l A r e a s , a s d e fin e d b y th e O f f i c e o f M a n a g em en t and B udget
H
th ro u g h F e b r u a r y 1 97 4, c o n s is t o f B r o w a r d and P a lm B e a c h C o u n tie s.
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y " e s t im a t e s show n in th is ta b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e
d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e and c o m p o s it io n o f th e la b o r f o r c e in clu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
E s tim a t e s a r e not in ten d ed , h o w e v e r , fo r c o m p a r is o n w ith o t h e r em p lo y m e n t in d e x e s
t o m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s in c e (1) pla n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s e s ta b lis h m e n t da ta c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r io d stu d ie d ,
and (2) s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d itio n o f th e Sta n da rd I n d u s tria l C l a s s if ic a t io n M anual w a s u s e d in c l a s s i fy in g e s t a b lis h m e n t s b y in d u str y d iv is io n .
3 I n clu d e s a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith t o ta l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e th e m in im u m lim it a t io n . A l l o u t le t s (w ith in th e a re a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in in d u s t r ie s su c h as t r a d e ,
fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v i c e , and m o tio n p ic t u r e th e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e s t a b lis h m e n t .
4 I n clu d e s a ll w o r k e r s in a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith t o t a l em p lo y m e n t (w ith in th e a fe a ) at o r a b o v e th e m in im u m lim it a t io n .
5 A b b r e v ia t e d to " p u b lic u t il it i e s " in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s . T a x ic a b s and s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n a r e e x clu d e d .
6 T h is d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t im a t e s f o r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g " in th e A - s e r i e s t a b le s . S e p a ra te p r e s e n t a t io n o f data is not m a d e f o r on e
o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
(1) E m p lo y m e n t is t o o s m a ll to p r o v id e en ou gh da ta t o m e r it s e p a r a t e s tu d y , (2) th e s a m p le w a s n ot d e s ig n e d in it ia lly to p e r m it
s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u ffic ie n t o r in ad equ a te to p e r m it s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , and (4 ) t h e r e is p o s s ib i li t y o f d i s c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t data.
7 H o te ls and m o t e ls ; la u n d r ie s and o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n t a l, and p a rk in g ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip
o r g a n iz a t io n s (e x c lu d in g r e l ig i o u s and c h a r it a b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); and e n g in e e r in g and a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




1 3

Appendix B.

Occupational Descriptions

The p r i m a r y p u rp o s e of p r e p a r in g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r the B u r e a u 's w age su r v e y s is to a s s i s t
its f ie ld staff in c l a s s i f y i n g into ap p rop r ia te o c cu p a t io n s w o r k e r s who a r e e m p lo y e d under a v a r ie t y o f
p a y r o l l title s and diffe r e n t w o rk a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m est a b lis h m e n t to e s t a b lis h m e n t and f r o m a r e a to
area.
Th is p e r m it s the groupin g o f o c c u p a t io n a l wage rates r e p r e s e n t in g c o m p a r a b l e jo b content.
B e c a u s e o f this e m p h a s is on in te r e s t a b lis h m e n t and in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t io n a l content, the
B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d iffe r sign ifican tly f r o m th ose in use in in div id ual es t a b lis h m e n t s o r th ose
p r e p a r e d f o r oth er p u r p o s e s . In applying th ese jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , the B u r e a u 's f ie ld e c o n o m i s t s ar e
in st ru ct e d to e x clu d e w ork in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n ti c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; and handic apped,
p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
SECRETARY
A s s ig n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y to one indiv idual.
M ain ­
tains a c l o s e and highly r e s p o n s i v e rela tion s h ip to the d a y - t o - d a y w o rk o f the
supervisor.
W ork s f a i r ly independently r e c e i v i n g a m in im u m o f detailed
s u p e r v is io n and guid an ce!
P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l du ties,
usually in cluding m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :

S E C R E T A R Y— Continued
M ay a l s o p e r f o r m oth er c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l ta sk s o f c o m p a r a b le
nature and d ifficu lty .
The w o rk t y p ic a l ly r e q u i r e s k n ow led ge o f o f f ic e routine
and understandin g o f the o r g a n iz a tio n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r ela ted to
the w o r k o f the s u p e r v i s o r .
E x c l u s io n s

a. R e c e i v e s te lephon e c a l l s , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and in c o m in g m a il,
a n s w e r s routine i n q u ir ie s , and r ou tes te c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s to the p r o p e r
persons;
b.
c.
in stru cted;
d.

E s t a b lis h e s ,

m a in ta in s ,

and r e v i s e s the s u p e r v i s o r 's f ile s ;
a. P o s i t io n s
d e s c r i b e d above;

Maintains the s u p e r v i s o r 's c a len d a r and m a k e s appoin tm ents as
R e la y s m e s s a g e s f r o m

P erform s




b.

s u p e r v i s o r to su bordin ates;

e. R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d by
oth er s f o r the s u p e r v i s o r 's signature to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and ty pog ra phic
accuracy;
f.

Not all p o s itio n s that ar e titled " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the above c h a r ­
acteristics.
E x a m p le s o f p o s itio n s w hich a r e e x clu d e d f r o m the defin it ion are
as f o llo w s :

stenog raph ic and typing w o rk .

sio n a l,

w hich

do

not m e e t

the " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t

S ten og r a p h ers not fully tr a in e d in s e c r e t a r i a l - t y p e duties;

c . S ten og r a p h ers s e r v in g as o f f i c e a s s is ta n t s to a group o f p r o f e s ­
te c h n ic a l, o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ;

d. S e c r e t a r y p o s itio n s in w hich the duties a r e either substantially
m o r e routine o r su bstantially m o r e c o m p l e x and r e s p o n s i b l e than th ose c h a r ­
a c t e r i z e d in the defin ition;

Beginning with c alen d ar y ea r 1976 s u r v e y s , the Bureau has g rou p ed o c c u p a t io n s studied in its
a r e a wage su r v e y s into jo b f a m ilie s in o r d e r to p r e s e n t in fo rm a t io n on r e la t e d o c c u p a t io n s in se q u e n c e .
Job f a m i l i e s have not been titled, h o w e v e r , since doing so might have added e x tr a n e o u s e le m e n t s to the
j o b m a tch in g p r o c e s s .
The B u reau has a ls o r e v i s e d s e v e r a l o c c u p a t io n a l t i t le s .
w o r d o r d e r and are m o r e d e s c r ip t i v e o f the su r v e y j o b s .

14

The ti t le s m o r e n e a r ly r e f l e c t usual

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

Exclusions— Continued

Class C

e.
A s s is t a n t - t y p e p o s itio n s w hich in v o lv e m o r e difficu lt o r m o r e
1. S e c r e t a r y to an ex e cu tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n w hose r e s p o n ­
r e s p o n s i b l e te c h n ic a l, ad m in ist ra tiv e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l
s ib ility is not equiv alent to one o f the s p e c if i c l e v e l situations in the defin ition
du ties w hich a r e not ty p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .
f o r c l a s s B , but w h os e o r g a n iz a tio n a l unit n o r m a l l y n u m bers at lea st s e v e r a l
d o z e n e m p l o y e e s and is u su ally divided into or g a n iz a tio n a l seg m en ts which are
often , in turn, fu rth er subdiv ided.
In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , this l e v e l in clu des a
N O T E : The t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u sed in the l e v e l defin itions
w ide range o f o r g a n iz a tio n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , only one o r two; ojr
fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to th ose o f f i c i a l s who have a sign ifican t c o r p o r a t e w i d e
p o licy m a k in g r o le with r e g a r d to m a j o r c o m p a n y a c ti v it ie s .
The title " v ic e
2. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an indiv idual plant, f a c t o r y , etc . (or
p r e s id e n t , " though n o r m a l l y in dicative o f this r o l e , d o e s not in all c a s e s
o th e r equiv alent l e v e l o f o f f ic ia l ) that e m p l o y s , in all, fe w e r than 5, 000
identify such p o s it io n s .
V ice p r e s id e n t s w hose p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ili t y is to
persons.
act p e r s o n a ll y on in div id ual c a s e s o r tr a n s a c t io n s (e . g . , ap p rov e o r deny
individual loan o r c r e d i t a c tio n s ; a d m in is t e r in div id ual trust a c c o u n ts ; d i r e c t l y
C lass D
su p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l staff) are not c o n s i d e r e d to be " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r
1. S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v i s o r o r head o f a s m a ll or g a n iz a tion a l unit
p u r p o s e s o f applying the fo llow in g le v e l d e f in it io n s .
( e . g . , f e w e r than about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; c^r
Class A
1. S e c r e t a r y to the c h a irm a n o f the b oa rd or p r e sid e n t o f a c o m p a n y
that e m p lo y s , in all, o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

2. S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s t a f f s p e c ia lis t , p r o f e s s i o n a l
e m p l o y e e , ad m in ist ra tiv e o f f i c e r , o r a s sista n t, skilled tech nician, o r ex pert.
(N O TE:
Many c o m p a n ie s as sig n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , rath er than s e c r e t a r i e s as
d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to this l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)
ST E N O G R A P H E R

2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (other than the c h a ir m a n o f the
boa rd o r presid ent) o f a com p a n y that e m p l o y s , in all, o v e r 5, 000 but fe w e r
than 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; or
3. S e c r e t a r y to the head, i m m e d ia t e ly b e lo w the c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r
l e v e l, of a m a j o r segm ent o r su b s id ia r y o f a c o m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in all,
ov er 25,000 p e r s o n s .

C lass

B

P r i m a r y duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to t r a n s c r i b e
the dic tatio n.
May a ls o type f r o m w ritten c op y .
May operate f r o m a st e n o ­
gra phic p o o l.
May o c c a s i o n a l l y t r a n s c r i b e f r o m v o i c e r e c o r d in g s (if p r i m a r y
duty is t r a n s c r i b i n g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s , see T r a n s c r i b in g - M a c h in e T y pist).
N O T E : T h is jo b is d istin g uish ed f r o m that of a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a l l y w o r k s in a con fid e n t ia l r ela tion s h ip with only one m a n a g e r
o r e x e cu tiv e and p e r f o r m s m o r e r e s p o n s ib le and d is c r e t i o n a r y task s as
d e s c r i b e d in the s e c r e t a r y jo b defin it io n.

1. S e c r e t a r y to the c h a ir m a n o f the b o a r d o r pr e sid e n t o f a c om p a n y
that e m p l o y s , in all, fe w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; or
2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (other than the c h a irm a n o f the
b o a r d o r p resid en t) o f a c om pa ny that e m p l o y s , in all, o v e r 100 but fe w e r
than 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; or
3. S e c r e t a r y to the head, i m m e d ia t e ly b e lo w the o f f i c e r l e v e l, o v e r
e ith er a m a j o r c o r p o ra tio n w id e functional activity ( e . g . , m a rk etin g , r e s e a r c h ,
o p e r a t io n s , in d u str ia l r e la t io n s , etc .) o £ a m a j o r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a tio n a l
s eg m en t ( e . g . , a r e g io n a l h ead q u a rters ; a m a j o r d iv ision) o f a c om p a n y that
e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 but fe w e r than 2 5 , 0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r
4. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an indiv idual plant, f a c t o r y , e tc . (or
oth er equiv alent l e v e l o f o ff ic ia l ) that e m p lo y s , in all, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; or
5. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f a la rg e and im portan t or g a n iz a tio n a l
seg m en t ( e . g . , a m id d le m a na gem ent s u p e r v i s o r of an or g a n iz a tio n a l segm en t
often in volvin g as m a n y as s e v e r a l hundred p e r s o n s ) o r a c om p a n y that
e m p l o y s , in all, o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .




S ten og r a p h er, G e n e r a l

k eep

Dictation in v o l v e s a n o r m a l routine v o c a b u la r y .
May maintain f i l e s ,
sim p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m othhr r e la t iv e l y routine c l e r i c a l ta sk s.
S ten og r a p h er, Sen ior

D ictatio n in v o lv e s a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such
as in le g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n tif ic r e s e a r c h .
May a lso set up and
main tain f i l e s , k eep r e c o r d s , etc .
OR
P e r f o r m s sten og r a p h ic du ties req u irin g sign ifican tly g r e a t e r in d e ­
pen den ce and r e s p o n s ib ili t y than st e n o g r a p h e r, g en eral as ev id e n ce d by the
f o llo w in g :
W ork r e q u i r e s a high d e g r e e o f stenograph ic sp eed and a c c u r a c y ;
a thorough w ork in g knowledge o f g e n e r a l b u sin es s and o f f ic e p r o c e d u r e ; and
o f the s p e c if i c b u sin e s s o p e r a t io n s , o r g a n iz a tio n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f ile s ,
w o r k f lo w , etc.
U ses this k n ow led ge in p e r f o r m in g stenograph ic duties and
r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l ta sks such as main taining follow u p f ile s ; a s s e m b li n g
m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , and le t te r s ; c o m p o s in g sim ple le tters
f r o m g e n e r a l in s t r u c t io n s ; readin g and routing in c o m in g m a il; and an sw erin g
routine q u e s t io n s , etc.

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E T Y P IS T

SW ITC H B O A R D O P E R A T O R

P r i m a r y duty is to t r a n s c r i b e dic ta tion in volvin g a n o r m a l routine
v o c a b u la r y f r o m t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e r e c o r d s .
May a l s o type f r o m w ritten
c o p y and do sim p le c l e r i c a l w ork .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r ib in g dic tatio n in volvin g
a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such as leg a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s
on s c ie n t if i c r e s e a r c h ar e not in cluded. A w o r k e r who takes dicta tion in
shorthand o r by Stenotype o r 'sim ila r m a ch in e is c l a s s i f i e d as a st e n o g r a p h e r.

O p e ra te s a te lephon e sw itch b oa rd o r c o n s o l e used with a priv ate
b r a n c h ex ch an ge (P B X ) system| to r e la y incoming, outgoing, and in t r a s y s t e m
calls.
May p r o v i d e in fo rm a t io n to c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and tr a n s m it m e s s a g e s ,
keep r e c o r d o f c a l l s p la ce d and t o ll c h a r g e s .
B e s i d e s op er a tin g a te lephon e
sw it ch b o a rd o r c o n s o l e , m a y a lso type o r p e r f o r m routine c l e r i c a l w ork
(typing o r routine c l e r i c a l w ork m a y o c c u p y the m a j o r p o r tio n o f the w o r k e r ' s
t i m e , and is u su ally p e r f o r m e d while at the sw itch b oa rd o r c o n s o l e ) .
C h ie f
o r lead o p e r a t o r s in e st a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e than one o p e r a t o r are
e x clu d e d .
F o r an o p e r a t o r who a lso acts as a r e c e p t io n is t , see Sw itchboard
O p era tor-R eception ist.

T YPIST
Uses a ty p e w r i t e r to make c o p i e s o f v a r io u s rtiaterials o r to make
out b ills after c a lc u la tio n s have been m ade by another p e r s o n .
May in clude
typing of s t e n c ils , m a ts , o r s i m il a r m a t e r i a l s f o r use in duplicatin g p r o ­
cesses.
May do c l e r i c a l w ork in volvin g little s p e c i a l tr ainin g, such as
keepin g s im p le r e c o r d s , filing r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r sorting and distribu ting
in com in g m a il.
C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : Typing m a t e r i a l
in fin al f o r m when it i n v o l v e s com b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s ib ili t y fo r c o r r e c t sp ellin g, sy lla b ica tio n , punctuation, e t c . , o f t e c h ­
n ica l o r unusual w o r d s o r f o r e ig n language m a t e r ia l ; o r planning layout and
typing o f c o m p l i c a t e d st a t is t ic a l ta bles to main tain u n ifo r m ity and bala nce in
spacing. May type routine f o r m le t t e r s , v ar y in g deta ils to suit c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
Class
rough o r c l e a r
or setting up
a lre a d y set up

B . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g ; Copy typing f r o m
d r a f ts ; o r routine typing o f f o r m s , in su r a n ce p o l i c i e s , e t c . ;
sim p le standard ta bu lation s; o r copying m o r e c o m p l e x ta bles
and s p a c ed p r o p e r l y .

F IL E C LE RK
F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r i a l in an esta b lis h e d filing
system .
May p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and manual tasks r e q u ir e d to main tain f i l e s .
P o s i t io n s ar e c l a s s i f i e d into le v e ls on the b a s i s o f the follow in g defin itions.
C l a s s A.
C l a s s i f i e s and in d ex es file m a t e r i a l such as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n ce , r e p o r t s , te c h n ic a l d o c u m e n t s , e tc ., in an e st a b lis h e d filing sy stem
contain in g a n um ber o f v a r ie d su b ject m a tter f i l e s .
May a ls o file this
m a t e r ia l .
May k eep r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s types in con ju n ction with the f i l e s .
May lead a s m a ll grou p of lo w e r l e v e l file c l e r k s .
C l a s s B . S o r ts , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c la s s i f ie d m a t e r i a l by sim ple
(su b je ct m a tt e r) headin gs o r partly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l by fin er subheadin gs.
P r e p a r e s sim p le r ela ted in dex and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e aids. A s r e q u e ste d ,
lo c a t e s c l e a r l y iden tified m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r ia l .
May
p e r f o r m r elated c l e r i c a l task s r e q u ir e d to main tain and s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C l a s s C.
P e r f o r m s routine filing o f m a t e r i a l that has a lre a d y been
c l a s s i f i e d o r w hich is e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s im p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
s y s t e m ( e .g ., alpha betica l, c h r o n o l o g i c a l , o r n u m e r ic a l ) .
A s r e q u e ste d ,
lo c a t e s r e a d il y av ailab le m a t e r i a l in f ile s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r ia l ; and m a y
f ill out w ith draw al c h a r g e .
May p e r f o r m sim p le c l e r i c a l and m anual ta sks
r e q u ir e d to m ain tain and s e r v i c e f ile s .
MESSENGER
P e r f o r m s v a r io u s routine duties such as running e r r a n d s , operating
m i n o r o f f i c e m a c h in e s such as s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , opening and dis trib uting
m a i l , and oth er m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o rk . Exclude p o s itio n s that r e q u ir e o p er a tion
o f a m o t o r v e h i c l e as a sign ifican t duty.




SW ITCH BO AR D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T
At a
an o p e r a t o r —
w o rk in v o lv e s
b u s i n e s s and
p r ia te p e r s o n
arr a n g in g an

s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n te lephon e sw itch b oa rd o r c o n s o l e , a c ts both as
see Sw itch boa rd O p era tor — and as a r e c e p t io n is t . R e c e p t i o n i s t 's
such duties as g re e t in g v i s i t o r s ; d e t e r m in in g nature o f v i s i t o r ' s
p r o v i d i n g 'a p p r o p r i a t e in fo r m a t io n ; r e f e r r i n g v i s i t o r to a p p r o ­
in the or g a n iz a tion o r contactin g that p e r s o n by te lephon e and
ap poin tm ent; keepin g a log o f v i s i t o r s .

O RD ER C L E R K
R e c e i v e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d i s e by m a i l ,
phone, o r p e r s o n a l l y .
Duties in volve any co m b in a tio n o f the f o l l o w i n g :
Quoting p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; making out an o r d e r sheet listing the it e m s to
m a k e up the o r d e r ; ch e c k in g p r i c e s and quantities o f it e m s on o r d e r sheet;
and distribu ting o r d e r sh eets to r e s p e c t i v e d e p a rt m e n ts to be f ill e d .
May
c h e c k with c r e d i t depa rtm en t to d e t e r m i n e c r e d i t rating o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w l­
edge r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s , f o llo w up o r d e r s to see that they
have been f ille d , keep file o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , and c h e c k shipping i n v o i c e s
with o r ig i n a l o r d e r s .
ACCO UNTIN G C L E R K
P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e accoun tin g c l e r i c a l ta sk s such as postin g to
r e g i s t e r s and l e d g e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g bank a c c o u n ts ; v e r if y in g the in terna l c o n ­
s i s te n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , and m a t h e m a t ic a l a c c u r a c y o f accoun tin g do c u m e n t s;
a s sign in g p r e s c r i b e d accoun tin g d is tr ib u tio n c o d e s ; ex am inin g and v e rify in g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty pes o f r e p o r t s , lists-, c a lc u l a ti o n s , postin g,
e t c . ; o r p r e p a r in g s im p le o r a s s i s t i n g in 'p r e p a r i n g m o r e c o m p li c a t e d jo u r n a l
vouchers.
May w o rk in either a m a nu al o r autom ated accounting s y s t e m .
The w ork r e q u i r e s a knowledge o f c l e r i c a l m e t h o d s and o f f ic e p r a c ­
t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s w hich r e la t e s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g and r e c o r d in g
o f t r a n s a c t io n s and accoun tin g in f o r m a t io n .
With e x p e r i e n c e , the w o r k e r
ty p ic a l ly b e c o m e s f a m ilia r with the b ook k eep in g and accountin g t e r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s u sed in the a s s i g n e d w o r k , but i s not r e q u ir e d to have a knowledge
o f the f o r m a l p r i n c i p l e s o f bookkeeping and accoun tin g .
P o s i tio n s
d e f in it io n s .

are

classified

into

lev els

on the

b a s i s o f the f ollow in g

C l a s s A.
Under g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s io n , p e r f o r m s accounting c l e r i c a l
o p e r a t io n s which r e q u ir e the ap plication o f e x p e r i e n c e and ju dgment, fo r
e x a m p l e , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s i n g c o m p l i c a t e d or n on r ep etitiv e accounting t r a n s ­
actions, s e le c t in g among a substa ntial v a r ie ty o f p r e s c r i b e d accounting c o d e s
and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r tr a c in g t r a n s a c t io n s through p r ev iou s accountin g
actions to d e t e r m i n e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M ay be as sisted by one o r
m o r e c l a s s B accounting c l e r k s .

A C C O U N TIN G C L E R K — Continued

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

C l a s s B . Under c l o s e s u p e r v i s io n , fo llo w in g d eta iled in s t r u c t io n s
and standardiz ed p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e routine accoun tin g c l e r ­
i c a l o p e r a t io n s , such as postin g to l e d g e r s , c a r d s , or w o r k s h e e t s w here
iden tifica tion o f it e m s and lo c a t io n s o f pos tin gs ar e c l e a r l y in d ic a ted ; c h ec k in g
a c c u r a c y and c o m p l e t e n e s s o f stan dardized and r ep etitiv e r e c o r d s o r
accountin g d o c u m e n t s ; and c o d i n g docu m en ts usin g a few p r e s c r i b e d
accountin g c o d e s .

O p e ra te s a keypunch m a ch in e to r e c o r d o r v e r i f y alphabetic a n d / o r
n u m e r ic data on tabulating c a r d s o r on tape.

BO O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s a book k eep in g m a ch in e (with o r without a ty p e w r i t e r k e y ­
b oa rd ) to k eep a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t io n s .
C l a s s A . K e e p s a set o f r e c o r d s r e q u irin g a kn ow ledge o f and
e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c book k eep in g p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m ilia r i t y with the stru c tu re
o f the p a r t ic u la r accoun tin g s y s t e m u sed.
D e t e r m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d is tribu tion o f debit and c r e d i t it e m s to be u sed in each phase o f the w o rk .
May p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , ba la n ce s h e e ts , and oth er r e c o r d s by hand.
C l a s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e ph ases o r s e c t i o n s o f a
set of r e c o r d s usu ally r e q u ir in g little knowle dge of b a s i c book k eep in g . P h a s e s
o r s e c tio n s include a c c o u n ts p a ya ble, p a y r o ll, ' c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n ts (not
in cluding a sim p le type o f billin g d e s c r i b e d under m a ch in e b i l l e r ) , c o s t d i s ­
tr ib u tion , ex p en s e d is tr ib u tion , in v e n to r y c o n t r o l , etc .
May c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t io n o f t r i a l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l sheets f o r the accoun tin g
depa rtm en t.
MACHINE B IL L E R
P r e p a r e s statem en ts, b i l l s , and i n v o i c e s on a m a ch in e other than an
o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r i t e r .
M ay a l s o k eep r e c o r d s as to b illin g s
o r shipping c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m oth er c l e r i c a l w o r k in cid e n t a l to billin g
o p e r a t io n s .
F o r wage study p u r p o s e s , m a ch in e b i l l e r s are c l a s s i f i e d by type
o f m a c h in e , as f o llo w s :
B illin g - m a c h i n e b i l l e r . U ses a s p e c ia l b illin g m a ch in e ( c om b in a tion
typing and adding m a ch in e) to p r e p a r e b ills and i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s '
p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in tern a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , shipping m e m o r a n d u m s , e tc .
U sually in v o lv e s ap plication o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is co u n ts and shipping c h a r g e s
and en try o f n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w hich m a y o r m a y not be c om pu ted on
the billin g m a ch in e,
and totals w hich are a u tom a tica lly a c cu m u la ted by
m a c h in e .
The op er a tion usu ally in v o lv e s a la r g e n um ber o f c a r b o n c o p ie s
o f the b i l l being p r e p a r e d and is often done on a fanfold m a c h in e .
B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h in e b i l l e r . U ses a book k eeping m a ch in e (with o r
without a ty p e w r i t e r k eyb oard ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s as part o f the
a c c o u n ts r e c e i v a b l e op e r a t io n .
G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s the sim u ltaneou s en try o f
f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . The m a ch in e a u tom a tica lly a c c u m u la te s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l co lu m n s and co m p u te s and u su ally prin ts auto­
m a t i c a l l y the deb it o r c r e d i t b a la n c e s .
D oes not in v o lv e a knowle dge o f b o o k ­
keepin g.
W o r k s f r o m u n if o r m and standard ty p e s of sa les and c r e d i t slip s.
P A Y R O L L CLERK
C o m p u t e s w a g es o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s and en ters the n e c e s s a r y
data on the p a y r o l l sh eets.
Duties in v o lv e : Calculatin g w o r k e r s ' e arn in g s
b a s e d on ti m e o r pr od u c tion r e c o r d s ; and postin g c a lc u la ted data on p a y r o ll
sh eet, sh ow in g in f o r m a t io n such as w o r k e r ' s n a m e , w ork in g d a y s , t i m e , r ate,
d ed u ction s f o r i n s u r a n c e , and total w a g es due.
M ay make out p a y c h e c k s and
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in making up and distribu ting pay e n v e lo p e s .
May use a
calc u la tin g m a ch in e .




P o s i t io n s
de fin it io n s .

are

classified

into

le v e l s

on the

ba sis o f the follow in g

C l a s s A . W ork r e q u i r e s the ap plication o f e x p e r i e n c e and judgment
in s e l e c t in g p r o c e d u r e s to be fo llo w e d and in se a rc h in g f o r , in te r p r e tin g ,
s e l e c t in g , o r c o d in g it e m s to be keypunched f r o m a v a r ie t y o f s o u r c e d o c u ­
m ents.
On o c c a s i o n m a y a ls o p e r f o r m s o m e routine keypunch w o r k .
May
tr a in i n e x p e r ie n c e d keypunch o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . W ork i s routine and r e p e tit iv e .
Under c l o s e s u p e r v is io n
o r fo llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t io n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r io u s stan­
d a r d i z e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s w hich have been c o d e d , and f o llo w s sp e c if i e d
p r o c e d u r e s w hich have be e n p r e s c r i b e d in d eta il and r e q u ir e little o r no
s e l e c t in g , c o d in g , o r in te r p r e tin g o f data to be r e c o r d e d . R e f e r s to s u p e r v i s o r
p r o b l e m s a r is in g f r o m e r r o n e o u s it e m s o r c o d e s o r m i s s i n g in f o r m a t io n .

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s one o r a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s such as the ta bu la tor, c a l c u ­
la t o r , c o l l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g punch, etc.
E x clu d ed f r o m
th is defin ition a r e w ork in g s u p e r v i s o r s .
A l s o e x clu d e d ar e o p e r a t o r s of
e le c t r o n i c d ig ita l c o m p u t e r s , even though they m a y a ls o o p e r a t e e l e c t r i c
accoun tin g m a ch in e equipment.
P o s i t io n s
d efin ition s .

ar e

classified

into

l e v e ls

on the

b a s is o f the fo llo w in g

C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s c o m p le t e r e p o r t in g and tabulating a s sig n m e n ts
in cluding d e v is in g d ifficu lt c o n t r o l panel w irin g under g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s io n .
A s s ig n m e n t s t y p ic a l ly in v o lv e a v a r ie t y o f long and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w hich
often a r e ir r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g , r e q u irin g s o m e planning o f the nature
and seq u en cin g o f o p e r a t io n s , and the use of a v a r ie ty o f m a c h in e s . Is
ty p ic a l ly in v o lv e d in tr ainin g new o p e r a t o r s in m a ch in e o p e r a t io n s o r trainin g
lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s in w ir i n g f r o m d ia g r a m s and in the operatin g s e q u e n c e s
o f long and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D oes not in clude po s itio n s in w hich w iring
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is lim ite d to s e l e c t io n and in s e r tio n o f p r e w i r e d b o a r d s .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s w o rk a c c o r d i n g to esta b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and
undqr s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t io n s . A s s ig n m e n t s ty p ic a l ly in v olv e c o m p le t e but r o u ­
tine and r e c u r r i n g r e p o r t s o r pa rts o f l a r g e r and m o r e c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
O p e ra te s m o r e d ifficu lt tabulating o r e l e c t r i c a l accoun tin g m a c h in e s such as
the ta bu la tor and c a l c u l a t o r , in addition to the s i m p l e r m a c h in e s u sed by
class C operators.
May be r e q u ir e d to do s o m e w iring f r o m d ia g r a m s .
C l a s s C . Under s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t io n s , o p e r a t e s s im p le tabulating
o r e l e c t r i c a l accoun tin g m a c h in e s such as the s o r t e r , in t e r p r e t e r , r e p ro d u c in g
punch, c o l l a t o r , etc .
A s s ig n m e n t s t y p ic a l ly in volve po r tio n s o f a w o rk unit,
f o r e x a m p l e , in div id ual sor tin g o r co lla t in g runs, o r r ep etitiv e o p e r a t io n s .
M ay p e r f o r m sim p le w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s , and do s om e filing w ork .

PRO FESSIO NAL A N D TE C H N IC A L
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BU SIN E SS

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U SIN E SS— C o n tin u e d

A n a l y z e s b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s to fo r m u la t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g
th e m b y u s e o f e l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t.
D e v e lo p s a c o m p le t e
d e s c r i p t i o n o f a ll s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d to e n a b le p r o g r a m m e r s t o p r e p a r e
r e q u ir e d d ig it a l c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m s .
W o rk i n v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ;
A n a l y z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t io n s to b e a u to m a te d and id e n t i fie s c o n d it io n s
and c r i t e r i a r e q u ir e d to a c h ie v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r and
t y p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d o c u m e n t s to b e u s e d ; o u t lin e s a c t io n s to be
p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u t e r s in s u f f ic ie n t d e t a il f o r p r e s e n t a t io n
t o m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m in g ( t y p ic a lly t h is in v o lv e s p r e p a r a t io n o f
w o r k and d a ta f lo w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d in a t e s th e d e v e lo p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s and
p a r t ic ip a t e s in t r i a l ru n s o f n e w and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s e q u ip ­
m e n t c h a n g e s t o o b ta in m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l o p e r a t i o n s .
(N O T E :
W ork ers
p e r f o r m i n g b oth s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d a s
s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s i f th is i s th e s k ill u s e d to d e t e r m i n e t h e ir p a y .)

C la s s C .
W o r k s u n d e r im m e d ia t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g ou t a n a ly ­
s e s a s a s s i g n e d , u s u a lly o f a s in g le a c t i v it y .
A s s ig n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d to
d e v e lo p and e x p a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e in th e a p p lic a t io n o f p r o c e d u r e s and
s k i l l s r e q u ir e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a ly s is w o r k .
F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s i s t a h ig h e r
l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly s t b y p r e p a r in g th e d e t a ile d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u i r e d b y
p r o g r a m m e r s fro m
i n fo r m a t io n d e v e lo p e d b y th e h ig h e r l e v e l a n a ly s t .
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BU SIN E SS
C o n v e r t s s ta t e m e n ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p i c a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a
s y s t e m s a n a ly s t , in to a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s w h ich a r e r e q u ir e d
to s o lv e th e p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a t ic da ta p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t.
W o r k in g f r o m
c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s th e p r e c i s e in s t r u c t io n s w h ic h ,
w h e n e n t e r e d in to th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d la n g u a g e , c a u s e th e m a n ip u ­
la tio n o f d a ta t o a c h ie v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
A p p lie s k n o w le d g e o f c o m p u t e r c a p a b i l i t i e s , m a t h e m a t ic s , l o g i c e m p lo y e d b y
c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t i c u l a r s u b je c t m a t t e r in v o lv e d to a n a ly z e c h a r t s and
d ia g r a m s o f th e p r o b l e m to b e p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s s e q u e n c e o f p r o g r a m
s t e p s ; w r it e s d e t a ile d flo w c h a r t s to s h o w o r d e r in w h ic h d a ta w i l l b e
p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s t h e s e c h a r t s to c o d e d in s t r u c t io n s f o r m a c h in e to f o llo w ;
t e s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s t r u c t io n s f o r o p e r a t in g p e r s o n n e l
d u r in g p r o d u c t io n ru n ; a n a ly z e s , r e v i e w s , and a lt e r s p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e
o p e r a t in g e f f i c i e n c y o r a d a p t to n ew r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s o f
program
d e v e lo p m e n t and r e v i s i o n s .
(N O T E :
W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b oth
s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s
If th is is th e s k ill u s e d to d e t e r m i n e t h e ir p a y .)

D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s ­
t e m s a n a ly s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s f o l l o w s :
C la s s A .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s in v o lv in g a ll p h a s e s o f s y s t e m a n a ly s is .
P r o b le m s a re
c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f in p u t d a ta and m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e ­
m e n t s o f o u tp u t d a ta .
( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in t e g r a t e d p r o d u c t io n s c h e d ­
u lin g , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in w h ic h
e v e r y it e m o f e a c h ty p e i s a u t o m a t ic a lly p r o c e s s e d th ro u g h th e f u ll s y s t e m
o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r ia t e f o llo w u p a c t io n s a r e in itia t e d b y th e c o m p u t e r .)
C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m in e th e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b le m s
and a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e i m p lic a t io n s o f n e w o r r e v i s e d
s y s t e m s o f d a ta p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
M ak es re c o m m e n d a tio n s , if n e e d e d ,
f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s in s t a lla t io n s o r c h a n g e s and f o r o b ta in in g
e q u ip m e n t.

D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o ­
g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c a n d / o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F or

M a y p r o v id e fu n c t io n a l
w h o a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

d ir e c tio n

to

lo w e r

le v e l sy ste m s

s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,

p rogram m ers

a re c la s s ifie d

as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h ic h r e q u ir e c o m p e t e n c e in a ll p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m m in g
c o n c e p t s and p r a c t i c e s .
W o r k in g f r o m d ia g r a m s and c h a r t s w h ich id e n t ify
th e n a tu r e o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g s t e p s to b e a c c o m p lis h e d ,
and th e r e la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n v a r io u s s t e p s o f th e p r o b l e m s o lv in g r o u tin e ;
p la n s th e f u ll r a n g e o f p r o g r a m m in g a c t i o n s n e e d e d t o e f f i c i e n t l y u t iliz e th e
c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in a c h ie v in g d e s i r e d end p r o d u c t s .

C la s s B .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
p r o b l e m s th at a r e r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p lic a t e d t o a n a ly z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , and
op era te.
P r o b l e m s a r e o f l im it e d c o m p le x it y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f in p u t da ta
a r e h o m o g e n e o u s and th e ou tpu t d a ta a r e c l o s e l y r e la t e d .
( F o r e x a m p le ,
d e v e lo p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in ta in in g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n t s in a b a n k , m a in ta in in g
a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b lis h m e n t , o r m a in ta in in g in v e n t o r y
a c c o u n t s in a m a n u fa c t u r in g o r w h o l e s a le e s t a b lis h m e n t .)
C o n fe r s w ith p e r ­
s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e th e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s
s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e i m p lic a t io n s o f th e da ta p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s
t o b e a p p lie d .

A t t h is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m in g is d if f ic u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t
m u s t b e o r g a n iz e d to p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in t e r r e l a t e d b u t d i v e r s e p r o d u c t s f r o m
n u m e r o u s and d i v e r s e d a ta e le m e n t s .
A w id e v a r i e t y and e x t e n s iv e n u m b e r
o f in t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g a c t i o n s m u s t o c c u r .
T h is r e q u i r e s su ch a c t io n s a s
d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t io n s w h ic h c a n be r e u s e d , e s t a b lis h m e n t o f
lin k a g e p o in t s b e tw e e n o p e r a t i o n s , a d ju s t m e n t s to d a ta w h e n p r o g r a m r e q u i r e ­
m e n t s e x c e e d c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , and s u b s ta n tia l m a n ip u la tio n and
r e s e q u e n c in g o f d a ta e le m e n t s t o f o r m a h ig h ly in t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .

OR
W o r k s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p l e x d a ta p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m ,
as d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly on r o u tin e a s s ig n m e n t s and
r e c e i v e s in s t r u c t io n and g u id a n c e on c o m p l e x a s s i g n m e n t s .
W o r k i s r e v ie w e d
f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t, c o m p lia n c e w ith i n s t r u c t i o n s , and to in s u r e p r o p e r
a lig n m e n t w ith th e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .




w age

a n a ly s t s

M a y p r o v id e f u n c t io n a l d i r e c t i o n to l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s w h o a r e
a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

18

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS— Continued

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R ---- Continued

C la s s B .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
r e l a t i v e l y s im p le p r o g r a m s , o r o n s im p le s e g m e n t s o f c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a lly p r o c e s s in fo r m a t io n to p r o d u c e d a ta in tw o
o r t h r e e v a r ie d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s .
R e p o r t s and lis t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y
r e f in in g , a d a p tin g , a r r a y i n g , o r m a k in g m i n o r a d d itio n s to o r d e le t io n s f r o m
in pu t d a ta w h ic h a r e r e a d i l y a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e
p r o c e s s e d , th e d a ta h a v e b e e n r e f in e d in p r i o r a c t io n s s o th at th e a c c u r a c y
and s e q u e n c in g o f d a ta c a n b e t e s t e d b y u s in g a fe w r o u tin e c h e c k s . T y p i c a l l y ,
th e p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith r o u tin e r e c o r d k e e p in g o p e r a t io n s .

m a j o r ch a n g e o r ca n n o t b e c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b ly s h o r t t i m e .
In
c o m m o n e r r o r s it u a t io n s , d ia g n o s e s c a u s e and ta k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c t io n .
T h is
u s u a lly i n v o lv e s a p p ly in g p r e v i o u s l y p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u s in g
s ta n d a r d c o r r e c t i o n t e c h n iq u e s .

OR
W ork s
d ir e c tio n o f a
le v e l p r o g r a m m
and p e r f o r m i n g

on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A) u n d e r c l o s e
h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v i s o r .
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r
e r b y in d e p e n d e n tly p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d if f ic u l t ta s k s a s s i g n e d ,
m o r e d if f ic u l t ta s k s u n d e r f a i r l y c l o s e d i r e c t i o n .

M a y g u id e o r in s t r u c t lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
ClassC.
M a k e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a t io n s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t i c e s
and c o n c e p t s u s u a lly le a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a in in g c o u r s e s .
A s s ig n m e n t s a r e
d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e t e n c e in th e a p p lic a t io n o f s ta n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s to
r o u tin e p r o b l e m s . R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v is io n o n n e w a s p e c t s o f a s s ig n m e n t s ;
and w o r k i s r e v ie w e d to v e r i f y it s a c c u r a c y and c o n f o r m a n c e w ith r e q u ir e d
procedu res.

COM PUTER O PERATOR
M o n it o r s and o p e r a t e s th e c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d ig it a l c o m p u t e r to
p r o c e s s d a ta a c c o r d i n g t o o p e r a t in g i n s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a lly p r e p a r e d b y a p r o ­
gra m m er.
W o r k in c lu d e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : S tu d ie s in s t r u c t io n s to
d e t e r m i n e e q u ip m e n t s etu p and o p e r a t io n s ; lo a d s e q u ip m e n t w ith r e q u ir e d
it e m s (ta p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w it c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia r y e q u ip m e n t in to
c i r c u i t , and s t a r t s and o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d ju s tm e n t s to c o m p u t e r to
c o r r e c t o p e r a t in g p r o b l e m s and m e e t s p e c i a l c o n d it io n s ; r e v ie w s e r r o r s m a d e
d u r in g o p e r a t io n and d e t e r m i n e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b le m to s u p e r v i s o r o r
p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a in ta in s o p e r a t in g r e c o r d s .
M a y t e s t and a s s i s t in
c o r r e c tin g p ro g ra m .
F or

w age

stu d y

pu rposes,

co m p u te r

op era tors

are

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :
C la s s A .
O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n ,
a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
N ew p r o g r a m s a r e fr e q u e n t ly t e s t e d and in t r o d u c e d ; s c h e d u lin g r e q u ir e m e n t s
a r e o f c r i t i c a l im p o r t a n c e to m i n im iz e d o w n tim e ; the p r o g r a m s a r e o f
c o m p l e x d e s ig n s o th a t id e n t ific a t io n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o fte n r e q u i r e s a w o r k in g
k n o w le d g e o f th e t o t a l p r o g r a m , and a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y n ot b e a v a ila b le .
M a y g iv e d i r e c t i o n and g u id a n c e to l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B .
O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n ,
a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
M o s t o f th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b lis h e d p r o d u c t io n r u n s , t y p i c a l l y ru n on a
r e g u l a r l y r e c u r r i n g b a s i s ; t h e r e is lit t le o r n o t e s t in g o f n e w p r o g r a m s
r e q u ir e d ; a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v id e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m n e e d s




OR
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v is io n a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s o r
s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s w ith th e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A .
M ay
a s s i s t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r b y in d e p e n d e n tly p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d if f ic u l t ta s k s
a s s i g n e d , and p e r f o r m i n g d if f ic u l t t a s k s f o llo w in g d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s and
w ith fr e q u e n t r e v ie w o f o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d .

e x p e cte d
a b ilit y to
r e c e iv e d
op erator

C la s s C .
W o r k s o n r o u tin e p r o g r a m s u n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v is io n .
Is
t o d e v e lo p w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f th e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t u s e d and
d e t e c t p r o b l e m s in v o lv e d in ru n n in g r o u tin e p r o g r a m s .
U s u a lly h as
s o m e f o r m a l tr a in in g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t io n . M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r l e v e l
on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .

DRAFTER
C la s s A .
P la n s th e g r a p h ic p r e s e n t a t io n o f c o m p le x it e m s h a v in g
d is t in c t iv e d e s ig n f e a t u r e s th a t d i f f e r s ig n ific a n t ly f r o m e s t a b lis h e d d r a ft in g
p reced en ts.
W o r k s in c l o s e s u p p o r t w ith th e d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r , and m a y
r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s .
A n a l y z e s th e e f f e c t o f e a c h ch a n g e on th e
d e t a ils o f f o r m , f u n c t io n , and p o s it io n a l r e la t io n s h ip s o f c o m p o n e n t s and p a r t s .
W o r k s w ith a m in im u m
o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is t a n c e .
C o m p le t e d w o r k is
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r ­
m in a tio n s .
M a y e it h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t io n b y lo w e r
le v e l d r a fte r s .

C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s n o n r o u tin e and c o m p le x d r a ftin g a s s ig n m e n t s
th a t r e q u ir e th e a p p lic a t io n o f m o s t o f th e s ta n d a r d iz e d d r a w in g t e c h n iq u e s
r e g u la r ly u se d .
D u tie s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e s u ch w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g
d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s , m u lt ip le f u n c t io n s , and
p r e c i s e p o s i t i o n a l r e la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i t e c t u r a l
d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t io n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a il d r a w in g s o f fo u n ­
d a t io n s , w a ll s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p la n s , and r o o f .
U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u la s and
m a n u a ls in m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y c o m p u t a t io n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n tit ie s o f
m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s , s t r e s s e s , e t c .
R e c e iv e s
in i t i a l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , and a d v i c e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le t e d
w o rk is ch e ck e d f o r te c h n ic a l a d eq u a cy .

C la s s C .
P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s o f s in g le u n its o r p a r t s f o r
e n g in e e r i n g , c o n s t r u c t i o n , m a n u fa c t u r in g , o r r e p a ir p u r p o s e s .
Types of
d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s ( d e p ic t in g t h r e e d im e n s io n s
in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) and s e c t i o n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s it io n in g o f c o m p o n e n t s
and c o n v e y n e e d e d in f o r m a t io n .
C o n s o l id a t e s d e t a ils f r o m a n u m b e r o f
s o u r c e s and a d ju s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u i r e d .
S u g g e s te d m e t h o d s o f
a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v i c e o n s o u r c e m a t e r ia ls a r e g iv e n
w ith in it ia l a s s i g n m e n t s .
I n s t r u c t io n s a r e l e s s c o m p le t e w h en a s s ig n m e n t s
recu r.
W o r k m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .

D R A F T E R -T R A C E R

E L E C T R O N IC S TE C H N IC IA N — Continued

C o p i e s p la n s and d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p la c in g t r a c in g
c lo t h o r p a p e r o v e r d r a w in g s and t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l .
(D o e s n ot
in c lu d e t r a c i n g l im it e d to p la n s p r i m a r i l y c o n s i s t in g o f s t r a ig h t lin e s and a
l a r g e s c a l e n o t r e q u ir in g c l o s e d e lin e a t io n .)

W o r k m a y b e r e v ie w e d b y s u p e r v i s o r ( fr e q u e n t ly an e n g in e e r o r
d e s i g n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s .
M a y p r o v id e
t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e to l o w e r l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n s .
C la s s B . A p p l i e s c o m p r e h e n s iv e t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e c o m ­
p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , t h o s e th a t t y p i c a l l y c a n b e s o lv e d s o l e l y b y p r o p e r l y
i n t e r p r e t in g m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a ls o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k in g on
e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t .
W ork in v o lv e s :
A f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e i n t e r r e l a t i o n ­
s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; and ju d g m e n t in d e t e r m in in g w o r k s e q u e n c e and in s e le c t in g
t o o l s and t e s t in g i n s t r u m e n t s , u s u a lly l e s s c o m p l e x th a n t h o s e u s e d b y th e
c l a s s A t e c h n ic ia n .

A N D /O R

W ork is

P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e t it iv e d r a w in g s o f e a s i l y v is u a l iz e d i t e m s .
c l o s e l y s u p e r v is e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N IC IA N

R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e , a s r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n , and w o r k i s r e v ie w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p t e d
p r a c t i c e s and w o r k a s s i g n m e n t s .
M a y p r o v id e t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e to lo w e r
l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .

W o r k s on v a r io u s ty p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t and r e la t e d d e v i c e s
b y p e r f o r m i n g o n e o r a c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
I n s t a llin g , m a in ta in in g ,
r e p a i r i n g , o v e r h a u lin g , t r o u b le s h o o t in g , m o d if y in g , c o n s t r u c t in g , and t e s t in g .
W o rk r e q u i r e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a t io n o f t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e o f e l e c t r o n i c s
p r i n c i p l e s , a b ilit y t o d e t e r m i n e m a lf u n c t io n s , and s k ill t o put e q u ip m e n t in
r e q u ir e d o p e r a t in g c o n d it io n .

C l a s s C . A p p lie s w o r k in g t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to p e r f o r m s im p le o r
r o u t in e t a s k s in w o r k in g o n e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t , f o llo w in g d e t a ile d i n s t r u c ­
t io n s w h ic h c o v e r v i r t u a l l y a ll p r o c e d u r e s .
W o r k t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e s s u c h
ta sk s a s :
A s s i s t i n g h ig h e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s b y p e r f o r m i n g s u ch a c t i v i t i e s a s
r e p la c in g c o m p o n e n t s , w ir in g c i r c u i t s , and ta k in g t e s t r e a d in g s ; r e p a ir in g
s im p le e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t; and u s in g t o o l s and c o m m o n t e s t in s t r u m e n t s
( e . g . , m u l t i m e t e r s , a u d io s ig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tu b e t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) .
Is n o t r e q u i r e d to b e f a m i l i a r w ith th e i n t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s .
T h is
k n o w le d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y b e a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a s s i g n m e n t s d e s ig n e d to
i n c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e ( in c lu d in g c l a s s r o o m
t r a in in g )
s o th at w o r k e r ca n
a d v a n c e t o h ig h e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n .

T h e e q u ip m e n t— c o n s i s t in g o f e it h e r m a n y d if f e r e n t k in d s o f c i r c u i t s
o r m u lt ip le r e p e t it io n o f th e s a m e k in d o f c i r c u i t — in c l u d e s , but is n o t lim it e d
t o , th e f o llo w in g :
(a) E l e c t r o n i c t r a n s m it t in g and r e c e i v i n g e q u ip m e n t ( e . g . ,
r a d a r , r a d i o , t e l e v i s i o n , t e l e p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v ig a t io n a l a id s ) , (b ) d ig it a l and
a n a lo g c o m p u t e r s , and (c ) i n d u s t r ia l an d m e d ic a l m e a s u r in g and c o n t r o lli n g
e q u ip m e n t.
T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c lu d e s r e p a i r e r s o f s u c h s ta n d a r d e l e c t r o n i c
e q u ip m e n t a s c o m m o n o f f i c e m a c h in e s and h o u s e h o ld r a d io and t e l e v i s i o n
s e t s ; p r o d u c t io n a s s e m b l e r s a nd t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u ty i s
s e r v i c i n g e l e c t r o n i c t e s t i n s t r u m e n t s ; t e c h n ic ia n s w h o h a v e a d m in is t r a t iv e
o r s u p e r v i s o r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s i g n e r s , and p r o f e s s i o n a l
e n g in e e r s .
P o s it io n s
d e f in it io n s .

are

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e ls

on

th e

R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e , a s r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n .
W o r k i s t y p i c a l l y s p o t c h e c k e d , b u t i s g iv e n d e t a ile d r e v ie w
w h en n e w o r a d v a n c e d a s s ig n m e n t s a r e in v o lv e d .
R E G IS T E R E D IN D U S T R IA L N U R SE

b a s i s o f th e f o llo w in g

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g i v e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d i c a l
d i r e c t i o n t o i l l o r in ju r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e - i l l o r
s u f f e r an a c c id e n t on th e p r e m i s e s o f a f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
D u t ie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : G iv in g f i r s t a id to th e i l l o r
i n ju r e d ; a tte n d in g t o s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n ju r i e s ; k e e p in g
r e c o r d s o f p a t ie n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r in g a c c i d e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t io n o r
o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in p h y s i c a l e x a m in a t io n s and h e a lth e v a lu a tio n s o f
a p p lic a n t s and e m p l o y e e s ; and p la n n in g and c a r r y i n g ou t p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g
h e a lth e d u c a t io n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a lu a t io n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t , o r
o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a ff e c t in g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , and s a fe t y o f a ll p e r s o n n e l.
N u r s in g s u p e r v i s o r s o r h e a d n u r s e s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e than
o n e n u r s e a r e e x c lu d e d .

C la s s A .
A p p lie s a d v a n c e d t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e u n u s u a lly
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , t h o s e th a t t y p i c a l l y ca n n o t b e s o lv e d s o l e l y b y r e f e r ­
e n c e t o m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a ls o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k in g on e l e c ­
t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t.
E x a m p le s o f s u c h p r o b l e m s in c lu d e lo c a t io n and d e n s it y o f
c i r c u i t r y , e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c r a d ia t io n , is o la t in g m a lf u n c t io n s , and fr e q u e n t
e n g in e e r in g c h a n g e s .
W o r k i n v o l v e s : ' A d e t a ile d u n d e r s t a n d in g o f th e i n t e r ­
r e la t io n s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g in d e p e n d e n t ju d g m e n t in p e r f o r m i n g s u ch
t a s k s a s m a k in g c i r c u i t a n a ly s e s , c a lc u la t in g w a v e f o r m s , t r a c in g r e l a t i o n ­
s h ip s in s ig n a l f lo w ; and r e g u l a r l y u s in g c o m p l e x t e s t in s t r u m e n t s ( e . g . , d u a l
t r a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia t io n m e t e r s , p u ls e g e n e r a t o r s ) .

M A IN TE N A N C E , TO O LR O O M , A N D P O W ER PLA N T
M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R

M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R — C o n tin u e d

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u tie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t and m a in ta in
in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g w o o d w o r k and e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s b in s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s ,
b e n c h e s , p a r t it i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d
in an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g and
la y in g ou t o f w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t io n s ;

u s in g a v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o ls , p o r t a b le p o w e r t o o l s , and s ta n d a r d
m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g to d im e n ­
s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s s a r y f o r th e w o r k .
In g e n e r a l,
the w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r i ­
e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g
a nd e x p e r i e n c e .




2 0

M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R IC IA N

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M otor vehicle)

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e f u n c t io n s s u ch a s th e i n s t a l ­
la t io n , m a in t e n a n c e , o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d is t r ib u t io n ,
o r u tiliz a t io n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e f o l l o w i n g : I n s t a llin g o r r e p a ir in g a n y o f a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip ­
m e n t s u ch a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w it c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g ' u n it s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n
e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , la y o u t s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i ­
c a t i o n s ; lo c a t in g and d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in th e e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip ­
m e n t; w o r k in g s ta n d a r d c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s o f w ir in g
o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; and u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d t o o ls and
m e a s u r in g and t e s t in g in s t r u m e n t s .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e
e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

R e p a i r s a u t o m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t . W o r k i n v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : E x a m in in g a u t o m o t iv e e q u ip ­
m e n t t o d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t and p e r f o r m in g
r e p a i r s th a t in v o lv e th e u s e o f s u c h h a n d t o o ls a s w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r i l l s ,
o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b lin g o r fitt in g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n
o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g an d a d ju s tin g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and
in s t a llin g th e v a r io u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c l e and m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t ­
m e n t s ; and a lig n in g w h e e l s , a d ju s tin g b r a k e s and lig h t s , o r tig h te n in g b o d y
b o lts .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m o t o r v e h i c l e m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic
r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E P A I N T E R

M A IN T E N A N C E P I P E F I T T E R

P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , and f ix t u r e s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s th e f o l l o w i n g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s
and t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u ir e d f o r d if f e r e n t a p p lic a t io n s ; p r e p a r in g s u r f a c e f o r
p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p la c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o le s and
i n t e r s t i c e s ; and a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y gun o r b r u s h .
M ay m ix c o lo r s ,
o i l s , w h ite le a d , and o t h e r p a in t in g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o l o r o r
c o n s i s t e n c y . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e p a in te r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E M A C H IN IS T
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s and n e w p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f
m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o rk
i n v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : I n t e r p r e t in g w r it t e n i n s t r u c t io n s and s p e c i ­
f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g and la y in g ou t o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r ie t y o f m a c h i n i s t 's
h a n d t o o ls and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a t in g
s ta n d a r d m a c h in e t o o l s ; s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g
s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g t o d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o l i n g , f e e d s ,
a nd s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f th e c o m m o n
m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s ta n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , and e q u ip m e n t r e q u ir e d f o r th is
w o r k ; and fitt in g and a s s e m b lin g p a r t s in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t. In g e n e r a l,
th e m a c h i n i s t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a in in g in m a c h i n e - s h o p
p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M a c h in e r y )
R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ; E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l
e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d is m a n t lin g o r p a r t ly d is m a n t lin g
m a c h in e s and p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t m a in ly in v o lv e th e u s e o f h a n d t o o ls in
s c r a p in g and fitt in g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t iv e p a r t s w ith it e m s
o b ta in e d f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g th e p r o d u c t io n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a
m a c h in e s h o p o r s e n d in g th e m a c h in e to a m a c h in e s h o p f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ;
p r e p a r in g w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s o r f o r th e p r o d u c t io n o f
p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e s h o p s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h in e s ; and m a k in g a ll
n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t io n .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f a m a c h in e r y
m a in t e n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly
a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i ­
en ce.
E x c lu d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y d u tie s
in v o lv e s e tt in g up o r a d ju s tin g m a c h in e s .




T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s n o t in c lu d e m e c h a n ic s w h o r e p a ir c u s t o m e r s '
v e h i c l e s in a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r s h o p s .

21

I n s t a lls o r r q p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r t y p e s o f p ip e and
p ip e fit t in g s in an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ;
L a y in g
ou t w o r k and m e a s u r in g to lo c a t e p o s i t i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o t h e r
w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u ttin g v a r io u s s i z e s o f p ip e t o c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith
c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y le n e t o r c h o r p ip e -c u t t in g m a c h in e s ; th r e a d in g
p ip e w ith s t o c k s and d ie s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n
m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s and fa s t e n in g p ip e to h a n g e r s ;
m a k in g s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g to p r e s s u r e s , f lo w , and s iz e o f
p ip e r e q u ir e d ; and m a k in g s ta n d a r d t e s t s t o d e t e r m i n e w h e th e r f in is h e d p ip e s
m e e t s p e c ific a tio n s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p ip e fi t t e r
r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g an d e x p e r i e n c e .
W o rk e r s p r im a r ily
e n g a g e d in in s t a llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g s a n it a tio n o r h e a tin g s y s t e m s
a r e e x c lu d e d .
M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , and m a in ta in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l
e q u ip m e n t a nd f i x t u r e s ( s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e lv e s ,
l o c k e r s , ta n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e t a l r o o f in g ) o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ; P la n n in g and la y in g ou t a ll t y p e s o f
s h e e t - m e t a l m a in t e n a n c e w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , m o d e l s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i ­
c a t i o n s ; s e tt in g up and o p e r a t in g a l l a v a ila b le t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g
m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d t o o ls in c u tt in g , b e n d in g , f o r m in g , s h a p in g ,
fit t in g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s t a llin g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u i r e d .
In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d
t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a lls n e w m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t, and d is m a n t le s and
i n s t a lls m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e
r e q u ir e d .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ;
P la n n in g and la y in g ou t
w o r k ; in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g a v a r ie t y o f h a n d t o o l s and r ig g in g ; m a k in g s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g to s t r e s s e s ,
s tr e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , an d c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lig n in g an d b a la n c in g e q u ip ­
m e n t ; s e le c t in g s ta n d a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t , and p a r t s to b e u s e d ; and in s t a llin g
and m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t s u ch a s d r i v e s
and s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , th e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u i r e s a
r o u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R

T O O L AN D DIE M AK ER

A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , b y
p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c o r g e n e r a l d u tie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , su ch a s k e e p in g a
w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r i a l s and t o o l s ; c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e ,
and e q u ip m e n t; a s s i s t in g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r t o o l s ; and p e r ­
f o r m in g o t h e r u n s k ille d t a s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o r k
the h e lp e r is p e r m it t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e ;
In s o m e
t r a d e s th e h e lp e r i s c o n fin e d to s u p p ly in g , lif t in g , and h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s and
t o o l s , and c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; and in o t h e r s he is p e r m it t e d to p e r f o r m
s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e a ls o p e r f o r m e d
b y w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s is .

C o n s t r u c t s and r e p a i r s j i g s , f i x t u r e s , c u ttin g t o o l s , g a u g e s , o r m e t a l
d ie s o r m o l d s u s e d in s h a p in g o r f o r m in g m e t a l o r n o n m e t a llic m a t e r i a l ( e . g . ,
p la s t ic , p la s t e r , r u b b e r , g la s s ). W ork ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s :
P la n n in g and la y in g
ou t w o r k a c c o r d i n g to m o d e l s , b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , o r o t h e r w r it te n o r o r a l
s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u n d e r s t a n d in g th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a ls and
a l l o y s ; s e le c t in g a p p r o p r ia t e m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , and p r o c e s s e s r e q u i r e d to
c o m p l e t e t a s k s ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s ; s e tt in g up and o p e r a t in g
v a r io u s m a c h in e t o o l s and r e la t e d e q u ip m e n t; u s in g v a r io u s t o o l and d ie
m a k e r 's h a n d t o o ls and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; w o r k in g to v e r y
c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; h e a t -t r e a t i n g m e t a l p a r t s and fin is h e d t o o l s and d ie s to
a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a lit ie s ; fitt in g and a s s e m b lin g p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r ­
a n c e s and a l l o w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l, th e t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's w o r k r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a in in g in m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d
th r o u g h f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A C H I N E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ( T o o l r o o m )
S p e c i a l i z e s in o p e r a t in g on e o r m o r e th an o n e ty p e o f m a c h in e t o o l
( e . g . , ji g b o r e r , g r in d in g m a c h in e , e n g in e la th e , m i llin g m a c h in e ) to m a c h in e
m e t a l f o r u s e in m a k in g o r m a in ta in in g j i g s , f i x t u r e s , c u ttin g t o o l s , g a u g e s ,
o r m e t a l d ie s o r m o l d s u s e d in s h a p in g o r f o r m in g m e t a l o r n o n m e t a llic
m a te r ia l (e .g ., p la s t ic , p la s t e r , ru b b e r , g la s s ).
W o r k t y p ic a lly i n v o l v e s ;
P la n n in g and p e r f o r m i n g d if f ic u l t m a c h in in g o p e r a t io n s w h ich r e q u ir e c o m ­
p li c a t e d s e tu p s o r a h igh d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; s e tt in g up m a c h in e t o o l o r
t o o l s ( e . g . , in s t a ll cu ttin g t o o l s and a d ju s t g u id e s , s t o p s , w o r k in g t a b le s ,
and o th e r c o n t r o l s to h a n d le th e s iz e o f s t o c k to b e m a c h in e d ; d e t e r m i n e
p r o p e r f e e d s , s p e e d s , t o o l in g , and o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e o r s e l e c t t h o s e p r e ­
s c r i b e d in d r a w in g s , b lu e p r in t s , o r la y o u t s ) ; u s in g a v a r ie t y o f p r e c i s i o n
m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s d u r in g m a c h in in g
o p e r a t io n to a c h i e v e r e q u is i t e d im e n s io n s to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s .
M ay be
r e q u ir e d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s and cu ttin g and lu b r ic a t in g o i l s , to
r e c o g n i z e w h e n t o o l s n e e d d r e s s i n g , and to d r e s s t o o l s .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k
o f a m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r ( t o o l r o o m ) at th e s k ill l e v e l c a l l e d f o r in th is
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n r e q u i r e s e x t e n s iv e k n o w le d g e o f m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m
p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h c o n s i d e r a b l e o n - t h e - j o b tr a in in g a n d
e x p e r ie n c e .

in c lu d e
sh op s.

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s n ot
in c lu d e t o o l and d ie m a k e r s w h o (1) a r e e m p lo y e d in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g
s h o p s o r (2 ) p r o d u c e f o r g i n g d ie s (d ie s i n k e r s ) .
S T A T IO N A R Y E N G IN E E R
O p e r a t e s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e th e o p e r a t io n o f
s t a t io n a r y e n g in e s and e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p p ly the
e s t a b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , h e a t, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r c o n d it io n in g .
W ork in v o lv e s :
O p e r a t in g and m a in ta in in g e q u ip m e n t s u ch a s
s te a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b in e s , v e n tila t in g
and r e f r i g e r a t i n g e q u ip m e n t , s te a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a te r p u m p s ;
m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; and k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y ,
t e m p e r a t u r e , and f u e l c o n s u m p t io n .
M a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e t h e s e o p e r a t io n s .
H ead o r c h i e f e n g in e e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th an on e e n g in e e r
a re e x c lu d e d .
B O IL E R T E N D E R
F ir e s
s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r s to fu r n is h th e e s t a b lis h m e n t in w h ic h
e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t, p o w e r , o r
s te a m .
F e e d s f u e ls to f i r e b y hand o r
o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n i c a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; and c h e c k s w a t e r and
s a fe t y v a l v e s .
M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a ir in g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s n ot
m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s ( t o o l r o o m ) e m p lo y e d in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g

M A TER IA L M O V E M E N T A N D C USTO DIAL
T R U C K D R IV E R — C o n tin u e d

T R U C K D R IV E R

T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,

D r iv e s a t r u c k w ith in a c it y o r in d u s t r ia l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e ­
r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e , e q u ip m e n t, o r w o r k e r s b e tw e e n v a r io u s t y p e s o f e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s s u ch a s :
M a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t s , fr e ig h t d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e ­
s a le and r e t a il e s t a b lis h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l
e s t a b lis h m e n t s and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s in e s s . M a y a l s o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith
o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s , m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p t r u c k in g o o d
working
ord er.
S a le s -r o u t e
and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s
a re e x c lu d e d .

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m e n t, o r r e c e i v e s and is r e s p o n s i b l e
f o r in c o m in g s h ip m e n ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l s .
S h ip p in g w o r k
i n v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f s h ip p in g p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a ila b le
m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t io n , and r a t e s ; and p r e p a r in g r e c o r d s o f th e g o o d s

F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e and
ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t, a s f o l l o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld be r a te d on the b a s is
o f t r a i l e r c a p a c it y .)




lig h t t r u c k (u n d e r 1 V2 t o n s )
m e d iu m t r u c k (1 V2 to and in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
h e a v y t r u c k ( t r a i l e r ) ( o v e r 4 to n s )
h e a v y t r u c k (o t h e r th an t r a i l e r ) ( o v e r 4 to n s )

22

SHIPPING A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K — Continued

SHIPPING P A C K E R ---- Continued

s h ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s t in g w e ig h t and s h ip p in g c h a r g e s , and
k e e p in g a f i l e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s .
M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r in g th e
m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m e n t.
R e c e iv in g w o r k i n v o l v e s :
V e r if y in g o r d ir e c t in g
o t h e r s in v e r i f y i n g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f s h ip m e n ts a g a in s t b i l l s o f la d in g ,
i n v o i c e s , o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r s h o r t a g e s and r e j e c t i n g d a m a g e d
g o o d s ; r o u tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; and m a in ­
ta in in g n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and f i l e s .

s h ip p in g c o n t a in e r s and m a y in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g : K n o w le d g e
o f v a r io u s it e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y c o n t e n t ; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r ia t e
ty p e and s i z e o f c o n t a in e r ; in s e r t in g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a in e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r
o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l t o p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g and s e a lin g c o n ­
t a in e r ; and a p p ly in g la b e ls o r e n t e r in g id e n t ify in g d a ta on c o n t a in e r .
P ackers
w h o a l s o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .
M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G L A B O R E R

F or w age

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

w ork ers

a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t, s t o r e , o r
o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t w h o s e d u t ie s in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
L o a d in g and u n lo a d in g v a r io u s m a t e r i a l s and m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m f r e ig h t
c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t in g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r
s t o r a g e lo c a t io n ; and t r a n s p o r t in g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d t r u c k , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w .
L on gshore
w o r k e r s , w h o lo a d and u n lo a d s h ip s , a r e e x c lu d e d .

S h ip p in g c l e r k
R e c e iv in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g and r e c e i v i n g c l e r k
W AREHOUSEM AN
A s d i r e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f w a r e h o u s in g d u tie s w h ic h r e q u ir e
an u n d e r s t a n d in g o f the e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's s t o r a g e p la n .
W o r k i n v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e f o l l o w i n g : V e r if y in g m a t e r i a l s ( o r m e r c h a n d is e ) a g a in s t r e c e i v i n g
d o c u m e n t s , n o tin g and r e p o r t in g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and o b v io u s d a m a g e s ; r o u tin g
m a t e r i a l s to p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n s ; s t o r i n g , s t a c k in g , o r p a lle t iz in g
m a t e r i a l s in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m e t h o d s ; r e a r r a n g in g and
t a k i n g in v e n t o r y o f s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s ; e x a m in in g
s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s and
r e p o r t in g d e t e r i o r a t i o n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s t o r a g e and
p r e p a r in g it f o r s h ip m e n t.
M a y o p e r a t e h an d o r p o w e r t r u c k s in p e r f o r m i n g
w a r e h o u s in g d u t ie s .
E x c lu d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u tie s in v o lv e sh ip p in g and r e c e i v ­
in g w o r k ( s e e S h ip p in g and R e c e iv in g C le r k and S h ip p in g P a c k e r ) , o r d e r f illin g
( s e e O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a t in g p o w e r t r u c k s ( s e e P o w e r - T r u c k O p e r a t o r ) .

O p e r a t e s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o l l e d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k
o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t g o o d s an d m a t e r i a l s o f a ll k in d s a b ou t a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t, o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
tru ck ,

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s
as fo llo w s :

are

c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f p o w e r -

F o r k lift o p e r a t o r
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r ( o t h e r th a n f o r k l i f t )
GUARD AND W ATCHM AN
G u a rd.
P e r f o r m s r o u t in e p o l i c e d u t ie s , e it h e r at f ix e d p o s t o r on
t o u r , m a in ta in in g o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s
g u a r d s w h o a r e s ta t io n e d at g a te and c h e c k o n id e n t it y o f e m p lo y e e s and
o t h e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .

O R D E R F IL L E R
F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d
m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a le s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r o t h e r in s t r u c t io n s .
M a y , in a d d itio n to f illin g o r d e r s and in d i­
c a t in g it e m s f i l l e d o r o m it t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u is i t io n
a d d it io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p lie s t o s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m o th e r
r e la t e d d u t ie s .

W a tch m a n .
M ak es rou nd s o f p r e m is e s
p r o p e r t y a g a in s t f i r e , t h e ft , and i l l e g a l e n t r y .
J A N IT O R ,

p e r io d ic a lly

in

p r o t e c t in g

PO R T E R , OR CLE AN ER

C le a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d it io n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l
o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , and p o li s h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g c h ip s , t r a s h ,
and o t h e r r e f u s e ; d u s tin g e q u ip m e n t , f u r n it u r e , o r f ix t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l
f i x t u r e s o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p lie s and m i n o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ;
and c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o rk e r s w ho s p e c ia liz e
in w in d o w w a s h in g a r e e x c l u d e d .

S H IP P IN G P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p la c i n g th e m
in s h ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t
u p on th e t y p e , s i z e , and n u m b e r o f u n its to b e p a c k e d , the ty p e o f c o n t a in e r
e m p lo y e d , and m e t h o d o f s h ip m e n t.
W o r k r e q u i r e s th e p la c in g o f it e m s in




P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R

23

Available On Request
T h e fo llo w in g a r e a s a r e s u r v e y e d p e r io d ic a l ly f o r u s e in a d m in is t e r in g the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t
a v a ila b le at no c o s t f r o m a n y o f the B L S r e g io n a l o f f i c e s sh ow n on th e b a c k c o v e r .
A la s k a
A lb a n y , G a.
A lb u q u e r q u e , N. M ex .
A le x a n d r ia , L a.
A lp e n a , S ta n d ish , and T a w a s C it y , M ich .
Ann A r b o r , M ich .
A s h e v i ll e , N .C .
A tla n tic C it y , N .J .
A u g u sta , G a.—S .C .
B a k e r s f i e ld , C a lif.
B aton R o u g e , L a .
B a ttle C r e e k , M ic h .
B ea u m on t—P o r t A r th u r — r a n g e , T e x .
O
B ilo x i— u lfp o r t and P a s c a g o u la , M i s s .
G
B o is e C it y , Idaho
B r e m e r t o n , W ash.
B r id g e p o r t , N o r w a lk , and S t a m fo r d , C on n .
B r u n s w ic k , G a.
B u r lin g t o n , Vt.—N. Y.
C ape C od , M a ss.
C e d a r R a p id s , Iow a
C h a m p a ig n —U rbana— a n to u l, 111.
R
C h a r le s t o n , S .C .
C h a r lo t t e — a s to n ia , N .C .
G
C h e y e n n e , W yo.
C l a r k s v il le —H o p k in s v ille , T en n .—K y.
C o lo r a d o S p r in g s , C o lo .
C o lu m b ia , S .C .
C o lu m b u s , G a.— la .
A
C o lu m b u s , M i s s .
C r a n e , Ind.
D e c a t u r , III.
D e s M o in e s , Iow a
D othan, A la .
D uluth— u p e r io r , M in n .—W is.
S
E l P a s o , T e x ., and A la m o g o r d o —L a s C r u c e s , N. M ex .
E u g en e—S p r in g fie ld , O r e g .
F a y e t t e v il le , N .C .
F it c h b u r g —L e o m in s t e r , M a s s .
F o r t S m ith , A r k .—O k la.
F o r t W a yn e, Ind.
F r e d e r i c k — a g e r s t o w n , M d .— h a m b e r s b u r g , P a .~
H
C
M a r t in s b u r g , W . V a .
G a d sd e n and A n n is t o n , A la .
G o ld s b o r o , N .C .
G ra n d I sla n d —H a s tin g s , N e b r .
G r e a t F a l ls , M on t.
G uam , T e r r it o r y o f
H a r r is b u r g —L eb a n o n , P a .
H untington— s h la n d , W . V a .— y .— h io
A
K
O
K n o x v ille , T en n .
L a C r o s s e , W is.
L aredo, T ex.
L a s V e g a s , N ev.
L aw ton , O k la.
L im a , O h io
L ittle R o c k —N orth L it t le R o c k , A r k .

A ct

of

1965.

S u rv e y r e s u lt s a r e p u b lis h e d

in r e l e a s e s w h ic h ,

w h ile s u p p lie s

la s t ,

a r e o r w il l

be

L og a n s p o rt—P e r u , Ind.
L o r a in —E l y r ia , O h io
L o w e r E a s t e r n S h o r e , M d .—V a .—D e l.
L y n c h b u r g , V a.
M a c o n , G a.
M a d is o n , W is.
M a n s fie ld , O h io
M a r q u e tte , E s c a n a b a , Sault Ste. M a r ie , M ic h .
M c A lle n —P h a r i^ E d in b u r g and B r o w n s v ille —
H a rlin g e n —
San B e n it o , T e x .
M e d fo r d —K la m a th F a l ls —G ra n ts P a s s , O r e g .
M e r id ia n , M i s s .
M id d le s e x , M on m ou th , and O cea n C o s ., N .J .
M o b ile and P e n s a c o l a , A la .—F la .
M o n t g o m e r y , A la .
N a s h v ille —D a v id s o n , T en n .
N ew B e r n —J a c k s o n v il le , N .C .
N ew L on don —N o r w ic h , C on n .—R .I .
N o r th D a k o ta , State o f
O r la n d o , F la .
O xn a rd —S im i V a lle y —V e n tu r a , C a lif.
P a n a m a C it y , F la .
P a r k e r sb u rg —M a r ie t t a , W. V a .— h io
O
P e o r i a , III.
P h o e n ix , A r i z .
P in e B lu ff, A r k .
P o c a t e ll o —
Idaho F a l l s , Idaho
P o r t s m o u t h , N .H .—M a in e—M a s s .
P u e b lo , C o l o .
P u e r t o R ic o
R e n o , N ev .
R ich la n d —K e n n e w ic k —Wall^i W a lla —
P e n d le t o n , W a sh .— r e g .
O
R i v e r s id e —San B e r n a r d in o — n t a r io , C a lif.
O
S a lin a , K a n s .
S a lin a s—S e a s id e —M o n t e r e y , C a lif.
S a n d u sk y, O h io
Santa B a r b a r a —Santa M a r ia —L o m p o c , C a lif.
Savannah, G a.
S e lm a , A la .
S h erm a n —D e n is o n , T e x .
S h r e v e p o r t , L a.
S io u x F a l l s , S. D ak.
S p ok a n e, W ash.
S p r in g fie ld , 111.
S p r in g fie ld — h ic o p e e —H o ly o k e , M a s s .— on n .
C
C
S to ck to n , C a li f.
T a c o m a , W a sh .
T am p a —St. P e t e r s b u r g , F la .
T o p e k a , K an s.
T u cso n , A r iz .
T u ls a , O k la .
V a ll e jo — a i r f i e ld —N apa, C a lif.
F
W a co and K ille e n —T e m p le , T e x .
W a t e r lo o — e d a r F a l l s , Iow a
C
W e st T e x a s P la in s
W ilm in g to n , D e l.—N .J .—M d.

A n annual r e p o r t on s a la r i e s f o r a c c o u n ta n t s , a u d i t o r s , c h i e f a c c o u n ta n t s , a t t o r n e y s , jo b a n a ly s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l , b u y e r s , c h e m i s t s , e n g in e e r s , e n g in e e r in g t e c h n ic ia n s , d r a f t e r s , and
c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s is a v a ila b le .
O r d e r a s B L S B u lle tin 1 89 1, N a tio n a l S u rv e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m in i s t r a t iv e , T e c h n i c a l, and C l e r i c a l P a y , M a r c h 1 9 7 5 . $ 1 .4 0 a c o p y , f r o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l s a le s
o f f i c e s show n on th e b a c k c o v e r , o r fr o m the S u p erin ten d en t o f D o c u m e n t s , U .S. G o v e r n m e n t P r in tin g O f f i c e , W a sh in g ton , D .C . 2 0 4 0 2 .




Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t o f th e la t e s t a v a i la b l e b u lle t in s o r b u lle t in s u p p le m e n t s is p r e s e n t e d b e lo w .
A d i r e c t o r y o f a r e a w a g e s t u d i e s i n c l u d i n g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c t e d a t t h e r e q u e s t o f th e E m p l o y m e n t
S ta n d a r d s A d m in is t r a t io n o f th e D e p a r tm e n t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t.
B u l l e t i n s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m a n y o f th e B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s s h o w n o n t h e b a c k c o v e r .
B u lle tin s u p p le m e n ts m a y b e
o b t a in e d w it h o u t c o s t , w h e r e i n d i c a t e d , f r o m B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s .

A rea

B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r ic e *

A k r o n , O h io, D e c . 1975 ____________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -8 0 ,
A lb a n y — ch e n e cta d y —T r o y , N .Y ., Sept. 1975 1___________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 3 ,
S
A n a h e im —
Santa A n a —G a r d e n G r o v e , C a lif., O ct. 1 9 7 5 1------------------------------------------------ 1 8 5 0 -7 5 ,
A tla n ta , G a ., M a y 1975 1 ___________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 5 ,
A u s tin , T e x ., D e c . 1 9 7 5 1 __________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -8 3 ,
B a lt im o r e , M d ., A u g . 1975 1 ______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 2 ,
B illin g s , M o n t., J u ly 1 9 7 5 _________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 6 ,
B in g h a m ton , N .Y .—P a ., J u ly 1975 ________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 0 ,
B ir m in g h a m , A l a ., M a r. 1976 1 ___________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -1 1 ,
B o s to n , M a s s ., A u g . 1975 1________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 8 ,
B u ffa lo , N .Y ., O ct. 1 9 7 5 1 __________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 9 ,
C anton, O h io, M a y 1 9 7 5 ____________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
C h a ttan oog a , T en n .—G a ., Sept. 197 5 1____________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 7 ,
C h ic a g o , 111., M ay 1975 ____________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 3 ,
C in cin n a ti, O h io— y.—I n d ., M a r. 1 9 7 6|___________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -7 ,
K
C le v e la n d , O h io, Sept. 1 9 7 5 _______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 4 ,
C b lu m b u s, O h io, O ct. 1975 1_________________________________________________________ ______ 1 8 5 0 -7 8 ,
C o r p u s C h r is t i, T e x ., J u ly 1 9 7 5 __________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 7 ,
D a lla s —F o r t W o rth , T e x . , O ct. 1975 1 ___________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 9 ,
D a v e n p o rt—R o c k Isla n d —M o lin e , Iow a—111., F e b . 1 9 7 5 ---------------------------------------------------Suppl.
D ay ton , O h io, D e c . 1975------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -7 3 ,
D aytona B e a ch , F la ., A u g . 1975-------------------------------------------------------- 2------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -4 7 ,
Q e n v e r —B o u l d e r , C o l o ., D e c . 1975_______________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -8 2 ,
D e t r o it , M ic h ., M a r . 1 9 7 6 1 _______________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -1 5 ,
F o r t L a u d e rd a le —H o lly w o o d and W e st P a lm B e a c h B o c a R a ton , F la ., A p r . 1976___ _________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -2 0 ,
F r e s n o , C a lif., June 1975 1________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 1 ,
G a in e s v ille , F la ., Sept. 1975 _____________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 7 ,
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , Ju ly 1975 1 _____________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 4 ,
G r e e n s b o r o — in s t o n -S a le m -H ig h P o in t, N .C ., A ug. 1 9 7 5 ____________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 9 ,
W
G r e e n v ille —S p a rta n b u rg , S. C . , June 1975 _______________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 2 ,
H a r t fo r d , . C o n n ., M a r. 1976_______________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -1 4 ,
H ou ston , T e x ., A p r . 1 9 7 5 __________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
H u n ts v ille , A l a ., F e b . 1976 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1 9 0 0 -1 7 ,
In d ia n a p o lis , In d ., O ct. 1975 1 _____________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 6 ,
J a c k s o n , M i s s ., F e b . 1976 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 9 0 0 -8 ,
J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., D e c. 1975 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -8 1 ,
K a n sa s C ity , M o .—K a n s ., Sept. 1 9 7 5 _____________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 5 ,
L e x in g to n — a y e t t e , K y ., N ov . 1975 1 _____________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -8 4 ,
F
L o s A n g e le s —L on g B e a c h , C a lif., O ct. 1975 1 ___________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -8 6 ,
L o u is v i ll e , K y.—I n d ., N ov. 1975 _________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -7 9 ,
M e lb o u rn e —T it u s v ille —C o c o a , F la ., A u g . 1 9 7 5 __________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 4 ,
M e m p h is , T en n .— r k .—M i s s . , N ov . 1975 ________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -8 5 ,
A
Prices are determined by the Government Printing O ffice and are subject to change.
Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
T o be surveyed.




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$ 1 .1 5
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45 ce n ts

A rea

B u ll e t in n u m b e r
and p r ic e *

M ia m i, F la ., O ct. 1975______________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -7 6 ,
M ilw a u k e e , W is ., A p r . 1975 1______________ ________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 1 ,
M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l, M in n .—W is ., Jan. 1976____________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -3 ,
N a ssa u — u ffo lk , N .Y ., June 1975 1____________________________________ ______ ______________ 1 8 5 0 -3 9 ,
S
N ew a rk , N .J ., Jan. 1976______________________________________________ ______________________ 1 9 0 0 -1 0 ,
N ew O r le a n s , L a ., Jan. 1976 ______________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -2 ,
N ew Y o r k , N . Y .- N .J ., M a y 1975 1 ___________ ___________ _________________________________ _ 1 8 5 0 -4 5 ,
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B e a ch —P o r t s m o u t h , V a .—N .C ., M a y 1975 ___________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 9 ,
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B e a ch —P o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o rt N ew s—
H a m pton , V a .—N .C ., M a y 1975 __________________________________________________^ _______ 1 8 5 0 -3 0 ,
N o r th e a s t P e n n s y lv a n ia , A u g . 1975 _______________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 2 ,
O k la h om a C ity , O k la ., A u g . 1 9 7 5 __________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 1 ,
O m ah a , N e b r.—Iow a, O ct. 197 5 _____________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 6 ,
P a t e r s o n —C lifto n — a s s a ic , N .J ., June 197 5 1____________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 8 ,
P
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .—N .J ., N ov. 1975 ____________________ ____________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 5 ,
P itts b u rg h , P a ., Jan. 1 9 7 6 1________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -1 ,
P o r tla n d , M a in e , N ov. 1975_________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -7 2 ,
P o r tla n d , O r e g .— a sh ., M a y 1975 ________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 0 ,
W
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N .Y ., J une 1 9 7 5 1 ___________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -7 0 ,
P o u g h k e e p s ie —K in g ston — ew b u rgh , N .Y ., June 1 975 1 __________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 8 ,
N
P r o v id e n c e —W a rw ic k —P a w tu ck et, R .I ., —M a s s . , June 1975 ____________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 7 ,
R a le ig h -D u r h a m , N .C ., F e b . 1976 _____________________________________________ __________ 1 9 0 0 -1 8 ,
R ich m o n d , V a . , June 1 9 7 5 __________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 1 ,
St. L o u is , M o .—
111., M a r. 1976 1.............................................................................................................. 1 9 0 0 -1 9 ,
S a c r a m e n to , C a lif., D e c . 197 5______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -8 7 ,
Sa gin a w , M ic h ., N ov. 197 5__________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -7 1 ,
Salt L ak e City—O gd en , Utah, N ov. 1975 1 _________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -7 4 ,
San A n to n io , T e x ., M a y 1975 ______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 3 ,
San D ie g o , C a lif., N ov. 1975__________________________________________________________ _____ 1 8 5 0 -7 7 ,
San F r a n c i s c o — ak land, C a lif., M a r. 1976_______________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -9 ,
O
San J o s e , C a li f., M a r . 1976_________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -1 3 ,
S ea ttle—E v e r e t t , W a sh ., Jan. 1976 ________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -6 ,
South B e n d , In d ., M a r. 1976 _______________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -5 ,
S t a m fo r d , C on n . 1 2 __________________________________________________________________________
S y r a c u s e , N .Y ., J u ly 1 9 7 5 __________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 3 ,
T o le d o , O h io— ic h ., M a y 1975 1 ____ _______________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 4 ,
M
T re n to n , N .J ., Sept. 1 9 7 5 1 ___.............. ............................................................................. ..................... 1 8 5 0 -6 0 ,
U tica —R o m e , N . Y . , J u ly 1975 1 _____________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 8 ,
W a sh in g ton , D. C .—M d.—V a ., M a r. 1976____________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -1 2 ,
W e s t c h e s t e r C ounty, N .Y ., M a y 1975 1____________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 3 ,
W ich ita , K a n s ., A p r . 1 9 7 5 __________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., A p r . 1976_______________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -1 6 ,
Y o r k , P a ., F e b . 1976________________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -4 ,

95 ce n ts
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65 ce n ts
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$ 1 .1 0
89 c e n ts
85 ce n ts
$ 1 .1 5
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75 ce n ts
65 c e n ts
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75 ce n ts
55 ce n ts
65 c e n ts
$ 1 .2 5
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3 5 c e n ts
75 ce n ts
65 ce n ts
45 ce n ts
95 ce n ts
65 ce n ts
65 ce n ts
55 ce n ts
65 ce n ts
80 ce n ts
$ 1 .2 0
80 ce n ts
85 ce n ts
80 ce n ts
F ree
55 ce n ts
55 ce n ts

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
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Region II
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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102