View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

Area Wage Survey
Huntsville, Alabama, Metropolitan Area, February 1976
Bulletin 1900-17
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics




TENN.




Preface
T h is b u lle tin p r o v i d e s r e s u l t s o f a F e b r u a r y
1976 s u r v e y o f o c c u p a t i o n a l
e a r n in g s in th e
H u n t s v ille , A la b a m a , S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t is ­
t i c a l A r e a ( L im e s t o n e , M a d is o n , and M a r s h a l l
C o u n t ie s ).
T h e s u r v e y w a s m a d e a s p a r t o f th e
B u rea u o f L a b or S t a tis tic s ' annual a re a w age s u rv e y
p r o g r a m , w h ich is d e s ig n e d to y ie ld d a ta f o r in d iv id ­
u a l m e t r o p o l it a n a r e a s a s w e ll a s n a t io n a l and
r e g io n a l e s t im a t e s f o r a ll S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n
S t a t is t ic a l A r e a s in th e U n ited S t a te s , e x c lu d in g
A la s k a and H a w a ii.
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e a r e a w a g e
s u r v e y p r o g r a m is th e n e e d to d e s c r i b e th e l e v e l and
m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s ,
th r o u g h th e a n a ly s is o f (1 ) th e l e v e l and d is t r ib u t io n
o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t io n , and (2 ) th e m o v e m e n t o f
w a g e s b y o c c u p a t io n a l c a t e g o r y and s k ill l e v e l . T h e
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p s in fo r m a t io n th a t m a y be' u s e d f o r
m a n y p u r p o s e s , in c lu d in g w a g e and s a la r y a d m in ­
i s t r a t i o n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g , a n d a s s i s t a n c e in
d e t e r m in in g p la n t lo c a t io n .
S u rv ey re s u lts a ls o a re
u s e d b y th e U .S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r t o m a k e w a g e
d e t e r m i n a t i o n s u n d e r th e S e r v i c e
C o n tra ct A ct
o f 1 965.
C u r r e n t ly , 84 a r e a s a r e in c lu d e d in th e p r o ­
gram .
(S e e l i s t o f a r e a s on in s i d e b a c k c o v e r . )
In
e a c h a r e a , o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s d a ta a r e c o l l e c t e d

a n n u a lly .
I n fo r m a t io n on e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s
and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e f it s is o b ta in e d e v e r y
t h ir d y e a r .
E a c h y e a r a ft e r a ll in d iv id u a l a r e a w a g e
s u r v e y s h a v e b e e n c o m p le t e d , tw o s u m m a r y b u lle t in s
a re is s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b r in g s t o g e t h e r d a ta f o r e a c h
m e t r o p o l it a n a r e a
s u r v e y e d ; th e s e c o n d p r e s e n t s
n a t io n a l and r e g io n a l e s t i m a t e s ,
p r o je c t e d f r o m
in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o l it a n a r e a d a ta .
T h e H u n ts v ille s u r v e y w a s c o n d u c te d b y th e
B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in A t la n t a , G a ., u n d e r th e
g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f J e r r y G . A d a m s , A s s is t a n t
R e g io n a l C o m m i s s i o n e r f o r O p e r a t io n s .
The su rv ey
c o u ld n ot h a v e b e e n a c c o m p l i s h e d w ith o u t th e c o o p e r ­
a tio n o f th e m a n y f i r m s w h o s e w a g e and s a la r y d a ta
p r o v id e d th e b a s i s f o r th e s t a t i s t i c a l in fo r m a t io n in
t h is b u lle t in .
T h e B u r e a u w is h e s to e x p r e s s s i n c e r e
a p p r e c ia t io n f o r th e c o o p e r a t i o n r e c e i v e d .

Note:
C u r r e n t r e p o r t s on o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s in
th e H u n ts v ille a r e a a r e a v a ila b le f o r th e m e t a l ­
w o r k in g and la u n d r y and d r y c le a n in g in d u s t r ie s .

Bulletin 1900-17

A rea W age Survey:
Huntsville, Alabam a,
M etropolitan Area

July 1976

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, W. J. Usery.Jr., Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS, Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

February 1976

Contents

Page

I n t r o d u c t i o n _____________________________________________

2

Page
A ppendix A .
A ppendix B.

S c o p e and m e t h o d o f s u r v e y ________
O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ___________

9

13

T a b les:
A.

E arn ings:
A - l . W e e k l y e a r n i n g s o f o f f i c e w o r k e r s __
A -2 . W eek ly earnings o f p r o fe s s io n a l
and t e c h n i c a l w o r k e r s _______________
A - 3 . A v e r a g e w e e k ly earn ings o f o f fic e ,
p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l
w o r k e r s , b y s e x ______________________
A - 4 . H ou rly earn ings o f m ain ten a nce,
t o o l r o o m , and p o w e r p l a n t
w o r k e r s ______________________________________

A -5.

A -6.

A -l .

H ou rly earnings o f m a te r ia l
m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d i a l
w o r k e r s _________________________________
A v e r a g e h o u rly earn ings o f
m a in ten ance, t o o l r o o m , p o w e r p la n t, m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t , and
c u s t o d i a l w o r k e r s , b y s e x __________
P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s in a v e r a g e
h o u rly earnings fo r s e le cte d
o cc u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , adjusted
f o r e m p l o y m e n t s h i f t s _______________




3
4

4

5

6

7

8

For sale by the Superintendent of D ocum ents, U .S . Government Printing
O ffice, Washington, D. C. 20402, GPO Bookstores, or BLS Regional
O ffices listed on b ack cover.
Price 55 cents. Make checks payable to
Superintendent o f Docum ents.




Introduction
T h is a r e a i s 1 o f 84 in w h i c h th e U.S.
D epa rtm en t of L a b o r 's B ureau of L a b or Statistics
c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and r e ­
lated ben efits.
In th is a r e a , da ta w e r e o b t a i n e d b y
a co m b in a tio n of p e r s o n a l v is it , m a il q u e s t io n n a ir e ,
and teleph on e in te rv ie w .
R epresen ta tive e s ta b lis h ­
m e n t s w it h in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w e r e c o n ­
tacted:
M anufacturing; tran sporta tion , c o m m u n ic a ­
tion,
and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ;
and s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r in du stry groups e x clu d e d f r o m
th ese
s t u d i e s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s and the
c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E stablish ­
m e n t s h av in g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f
w o r k e r s a r e om itted b e ca u se of in su fficien t e m p lo y ­
m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d .
S eparate tabu la­
t i o n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f the b r o a d i n d u s t r y
d iv is io n s w hich m e e t publication crite ria .

( c ) m a i n t e n a n c e , t o o l r o o m , and p o w e r p l a n t , and (d)
m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d i a l .
In the 31 l a r g e s t
s u r v e y a r e a s , tables A - l a through A - 6 a p r o v id e
s i m i l a r data f o r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g 500 w o r k ­
ers or m ore.
T a b l e A - 7 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t c h a n g e s in a v ­
e r a g e h ourly ea rn in g s of o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s ,
e l e c t r o n i c da t a p r o c e s s i n g
w o r k e r s , in du stria l
nurses,
sk illed m ain ten a n ce trad es w o r k e r s ,
and
u n s k i l l e d p la n t w o r k e r s .
W h e r e p o s s i b l e , da ta a r e
p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s , m a n u f a c t u r i n g , and
nonm anufacturing.
T h is t a b l e p r o v i d e s a m e a s u r e o f
w a g e t r e n d s a f t e r e l i m i n a t i o n o f c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
e a rn in g s c a u se d by e m p lo y m e n t shifts am on g e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts as w e ll as tu r n o v e r of e s ta b lis h m e n ts in ­
c l u d e d in s u r v e y s a m p l e s .
F o r fu rth e r details, see
app end ix A.
A ppendixe s

A - s e r i e s tables
A p p e n d i x A d e s c r i b e s the m e t h o d s a n d c o n ­
c e p t s u s e d in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m and
p r o v i d e s i n f o r m a t i o n on th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .

T a b le s A - 1 th rou gh A - 6 p r o v id e e s tim a te s
o f s tr a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly o r h o u r ly earn ings f o r w o r k ­
e r s in o c c u p a t i o n s c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f m a n u ­
f a c t u r i n g and n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
O ccupa­
t i o n s w e r e s e l e c t e d f r o m the f o l l o w i n g c a t e g o r i e s :
(a) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l , (b) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ,

A pp end ix B p r o v id e s job d e s c r ip tio n s u sed
b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s b y
occu pation.

2

A.

Earnings

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Huntsville, Ala., February 1976
Weekly earnings
(standard)
Number

O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n
workers

1

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly ea rn in g s by—
$

$
w eekly

90
Mean

(standard

*

M edian*

Middle range*

$

100

120

no

$

s

$

$

130

140

i

S

S

150

160

170

S

$

$

180

190

20 u

$

210

$

220

1

i
230

240

$
250

$

$
260

270

S
280

and
under

100

300

and

no

120

130

140

180

190

200

210

220

10

8
1

150

160

170

20

15

10

12
1
11

-

9

18
4
14

10

4
16

6

10

2

-

-

4

3

3

2

230

2 4 fl

250

260

270

260

300

ov e r

ALL WORKERS
$

$

1 87.00
2 0 3.00
1 78.00

211.00

172.50

-

-

172.50

1 4 6 .00-227.00
1 3 8 .00-258.50
1 4 8 .00-203.a0

-

2

4

7
5

o

188.50

180.00

138.5 0 -2 2 2 .5 0

-

-

1

5

1

4 0.0
4 0 .0

204 .5 0
1 8 6.50

208 .0 0
1 9 0.00

161.5 0 -2 4 8 .5 0
160.0 0 -2 1 7 .3 0

-

•

4

*

2
2

-

-

*

2

6

2

11

2
2

51
37

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 8.50
1 5 7.00

1 4 7.00
1 5 6.00

1 3 0 .0 0 -1 7 1 .5 0
1 4 6 .0 0 -1 7 2 .5 0

•

3

7

6

-

2
2

10
10

6
6

3
3

8
8

4
4

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL --------------

38

3 9 .5

1 4 6.50

1 3 8.00

129.0 0 -1 7 6 .0 0

3

-

-

9

8

-

6

1

8

3

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

46
44

4 0.0
4 0 .0

1 6 5.50
1 6 5.00

164.50
162.00

1 5 0 .00-176.00
1 5 0 .00-177.30

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

“

*

7
7

13
13

7
7

8
6

10
10

TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

58
31

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

129.00
1 4 6.00

1 26.50
140.50

1 1 0 .50-140.50
1 2 9 .00-151.00

5

8

9

13

-

5
5

8
8

4
4

-

-

*

1
1

5
5

TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

42
31

4 0.0
4 0 .0

125.50
127.50

112.00

9 5 .5 0 -1 3 6 .0 0
9 4 .0 0 -1 3 6 .0 0

6
6

.

-

105.00

“

•

*

4
4

SW IT CH BO AR D OPER AT OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

25
17

4 0 .0
4 0.0

1 2 7 .0 0
1 3 9.00

115.00
124.00

1 0 0 .00-152.00
115.0 0 -1 6 7 .0 0

"

3
3

3
3

AC CO UN TI NG CLERKS, CLASS A --------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

41
29

4 0.0
4 0 .0

1 8 8.50
1 9 6.50

164.50
1 6 8.00

1 4 9 .50-234.00
142.5 0 -2 7 4 .5 0

-

5

10

-

AC CO UN TI NG CLERKS. CLASS B --------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC T0 RI NG -----------------

53
36
17

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 6.50
1 2 3.00
1 3 4.00

128.00
1 2 6 .0 ( 1
140.00

1 1 0 .00-140.00
1 0 7 .50-132.30
1 2 5 .00-150.00

3
3
-

10

K E YP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

21
15

4 0.0
4 0 .0

[131.00
130.00

129.50
129.00

1 2 6 .50-138.00
1 2 6 .50-136.00

K E YP UN CH OP ERATORS, CLASS B -------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

78
17
61

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 7.50
1 4 9.50
108.50

1 1 0 .5 0
1 2 8 .0 0
107.00

1 0 7 .00-115.50
115.0 0 -1 9 7 .0 0
1 0 7 .00-115.50

179
65
114

SECRETARIES. CLASS 0 --------------

27

SECRETARIES. CL AS S C -------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

90
54

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 -------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

o

$
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

SE CRETARIES --------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

$

2

6

6
2

12

1

1

8
1

12

4

5
3

“

5

3
-

7
7

2
1

.

-

-

*

1
1

7

12

14

1

7
3

-

-

3

11
2

25

9

24

30
4
26

1

9

4

-

~

3

4

7

4

4

3
3
-

6

-

3

5

4

2
2

2
2

12
10
2

*

6
1

-

1

2

1

-

1

-

2

4
4

8
2

11
1

2

6

2

-

“

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

2

-

10
6

7

4

5

4

2

1

-

1

2
2

7
7

7
7

4
4

1
1

1

-

5

6

7

5
4

-

1

1
1

.

-

“

-

-

“

“

1

-

*

-

2
2

.

_

-

-

2
2

1
1

_

-

-

_

2

.

_

4

.

*

-

2
2

4

-

_

4

4

-

•

-

•

•

-

-

1

3

9

2
7

7
-

*

2
2

6

•

«.

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

3

6

7

4

14

-

4

See fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le s .




1

6

7
5

4

“

3

9
3

6
1

*

11
8

-

-

2
2

2
2

_
-

T able A -2 . W eekly earnings of professional and technical w orkers in H untsville, A la ., February 1976
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number
of

O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—

s

$
weekly

90

Ho u r 1
(standard)

Mean 2

Median 2

Middle ranged

S

s

S

s

s

$

$

no

120

130

190

150

S

S

s

s

S

s

S

S

$

$

$

$

no

120

130

190

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

290

260

280

300

320

390

180

160

170

190

200

210

220

230

290

260

280

300

320

390

360

1

100

2

1
-

-

-

b

1

and
u n d er

100
ALL WORKERS
CO MPUTER PR OGRAMMERS
CLASS A
CO MPUTER OPERATORS,

(B US IN ES S),
c

53

$,
$
i
-;o,-'0 .-07.00 2 7 2 . 50 -3 02 .SO
U7
J •J 1
_»0 1H f.JO 197.50-197,50

31

39.5 113.50 107.00

28

0 a

COMP UT ER OPERATORS, CLASS C --------

98.00-107.00

9
JO
11

19

-

-

1

2

3

-

1
25

See

footnotes

at e n d

176.00
''o *0 180.00 177*50

-

g

177.50-182.50

-

-

1
g

-

-

-

1

of tables.

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex.
in Huntsville, Ala., February 1976
S e x , 3 o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

OFFICE

O CC UPA TI ONS

-

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

S e x , 3 o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

WOMEN

O F F I C E OCCUPA TI ONS
WOMEN— CONTINUED

Number
of

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings *
(standard)

S e x , 3 o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

P RO F E S S I O N A L AND T ECHNI CAL
OCCUPA TI ONS - MEN

-

9 0 .0
9 0 .0

187.00
203 .0 0
178.00

92

9 0 .0

100.

25

59

--------------------------------------------------------

179
65
119
27

SECRETARIES

Average
(m ean 2 )

Average
(m ean2 )

Average
(m ean 2 )
Number
of
workers

9 0 .0
9 0 .0

j

$

' o

37

39

r- r-t r
~

36

/ A A l' * 8 50
yA.0
U A 157.00

38

.

1^6

50

96

199.00
.-03.00

r
36

*
"

r\L Tr UTiC*' U^ t.*' - 1U j f

v l Ao^

UK Ar 1 LK ,3 f

21

Ul A u u A

1^6
*0-0

^ .0

A

33

127.00
1 39.00

r

38
25

'"0
1 23.00
139.00

39«5

1 9 9 .0 0

3

0

1 86.50

_____

112.00

.J

-_

/ 0.0 «. 3 •
A A

1 7 9.00

10.00

131.00

^0*0
OCCUPA TI ONS

-

WOMEN

78
3

See

footnotes




at end

. J

117 * 5 0
^9
61
9 0 .0

1 96.00

o f tables.

4

1 08.50

_____

_ _ _

.

u

1 9 7 .0 0

Table A -4 .

H ourly earnings of m a in te n a n ce, toolroom , and p o w erp lan t w orkers in H u ntsville, A la ., February 1976
N u m b e r of workers rec eiving straight-time hourly earnings

Hourly earnings 4

o f -----

S
S
S
S
*
S
S
i
T
S
S
s
"5 ---------- 1 -------S
%
S
$
S
S
s
$
$
3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4. 00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00 6.20 6.40 6.60 6.80 7.00 7.20 7.40

Occupation and industry division
Mean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

and
under
3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4. 20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00 6.20 6.40 6.60 6.80 7.00 7.20 7.40 over

ALL WORKERS
MA IN TE NA NC E EL EC TRICIANS ----------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

96
86

$
5.63
5.66

$
5.68
5.80

$
$
5.36- 5.80
5.36- 5.80

MA IN TE NA NC E MECHANICS (MACHINERY) MANU FA CT UR IN G --- -----------------

198
179

5.50
5.50

5.70
5.70

5.36- 5.70
5.36- 5.70

-

MA IN TE NA NC E MECHANICS
(MOTOR VEHICLES) --------- ---------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

38
19

9.80
9.94

4.98
4.79

4.59- 5.36
4.59- 5.70

1
*

3
*

2
2

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ----------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

80
76

5.51
S.51

5.83
5.83

5.47- 5.83
5.55- 5.83

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

5
5

1

1
1

*

2
1

22
21

13
5

-

1

23
23

6
6

2
2

1
1

1
1

1
“

2
2

29
28

23
9

90
90

-

-

*

-

*

1
1

3
3

"

*

-

2
2

3
3

3
3

13
*

1
1

2
*

d
d

b
b

6
6

-

2
2

1
1

3
1

8
8

1
1

-

* W o rk er s we re at $ 7.60 to $ 7.80.
See footnotes at end of tables.




5

.

2
1

-

-

-

•

•

•

—

1

*

-

-

-

*

-

1

1
1

3
“

•

.

,

•

*

*

*

46
46

2
2

39
39

•

*

•

1

8
8
16
*16

2
2

T ab le A -5 .

Hourly earnings o f m aterial m ovem ent and custodial w o rkers in H untsville, A la ., February 1976
N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings 4

s------- S------- $------- s----- s-------- s------i ------- 1-------- 1------- 1------- 5------- 5------- 5“

Number

2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60

Occupation and industry division
Mean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

2.80 3.00 3.20

3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.

20

3

I

4.40

4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40

I

1

1

5

I

I

I

S

5.60 5.80 6.00 6.20

and
under
2.30 2.40 2.5Q 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.4Q 3.60 3.80 4.QQ 4.20 4.4Q

4.6o 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00 6.20 6.4Q

ALL WORKERS
TR UC K0 RI VE RS -------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --- ------— --------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

101
42
59

$
3.71
3.46
3.88

$
3.60
3.42
3.94

$
3.193.073.53-

$
4.14
3.59
4.25

TR UC KD RI VE RS * ME 0I UM TRUCK ------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

40
30

3.67
3.67

3.60
3.60

3.07- 3.93
3.19- 3.94

TR UCKDRIVERS* HEAVY TRUCK
(TRAILER) --------------------------

42

4.12

4.14

3.71- 4.34

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

_

*

*

“

“

1
1

-

-

*
3
3

3
3

8
4
4

-

4
4

2
2
-

1
1
*

3
3

-

-

1

*

*

3
“

-

9
4
5

4
3
1

18
15
3

8
2
6

14
4
10

10
10

9
5

1
1

1
1

5
5

10
10

-

-

-

1

9

3

4

10

-

3
3

-

*

9
6

"

5
5

15
15

2
2

10
10

7
7

7
7

3
3

4
4

4
4

-

-

*

*

3
"

25
25

12
12

6
6

2
1

-

25
19

i

-

-

-

4
4

5
5

3

1

3.25- 5.95
3.36- 5.95

SHIP PI NG PA CK ER S --------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

54
54

3.24
3.24

3.14
3.14

2.78- 3.53
2.78- 3.53

.

MA TERIAL H A ND LI NG LA BO R E R S --------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------- ---- --- —

95
75

3.08
3.04

2 .8 0

.

2.80

2.68- 3.68
2.68- 3.68

*

13
7

FO RKLIFT OPER AT OR S ------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

164
150

3.67
3.69

3.53
3.53

3.06- 4.81
3.06- 4.81

*

4
4

5
5

6
5

7
7

9
9

21
18

12
11

41
41

12
3

*

i
i

GUARDS AND WATCHMENS
M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

-

3

1

1

12

3

2

2

-

3

-

5

1

16
5

4
4

-

2

“

2
*

7
6

2.70- 3.62

17

2.74

2.70

2.70- 2.72

-

-

1

1

11

3

1

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND C L EA NE RS --M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

389
139

2.56
2.78

2.42
2.68

2.3C- 2.68
2.68- 2.70

15
*

170
14

36
4

25
9

93
82

10
6

9
9

See footnotes at end of tables.




6

2

4

-

1

1

2

2

1

1

-

-

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

_

2
2
2

1
1
1

2

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

_

-

18
18

5.95
5.95

2.77

2

_

2
2

*

5

4
2
2

-

“

4.68
4.84

3.07

1

.

37
34

33

1
-

*

W A R E HO US EM EN -------------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --- ------- ----------

WATCHMENS
M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

3
3

“

-

38
36

*

-

*

-

-

*

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

*

4
4

-

-

-

Sex,

o c c u p a t io n , an d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
S e x , 3 'o c c u p a t i o n , a n d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

hourly
earnings4

maintenance , toolroom, and
POWERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - M N
E

Average
Number
of
hourly
workers earnings 4

MATERIAL M
OVEM
ENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - M
EN— CONTINUED
$

MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIANS

---------------------------

manufacturing -------------------------------------------------

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY) MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------

198
179

5 .6 3
5 .6 6

TRUCKDRIVERS -

CONTINUED

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY TRUCK
(TRAILER) ---------------------------- ------------------------------

5 .5 0
5 .5 0

38
19

>fr

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(M
OTOR VEHICLES) ----------------------------------------------

96
86

42

$
4 . 13

C ^
C O'
D




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom,
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers.
by sex, in Huntsville, Ala., February 1976

78

5 .4 5

75

TOOL AN DIE M
D
AKERS

-----------------------------------------

3*70

movement AN CUSTOOIAL
D
OCCUPATIONS - M N
E

material

GUARDS AN W
D ATCHM
ENS
J . 07

TRUCNDfiIVERS

101

NONMANUFACTURING

See

fo o tn o te s

at

------------- ----------------- -- —

end

42
59

3 .7 1
3 .4 6
3 .8 8

40
30

------------------------------------------------------------

3 .6 7
3 .6 7

W
ATCH ENS
M
JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS

-------

331
J n ri

o f ta b le s .

7

3 .5 9

Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts,
in Huntsville, Ala., for selected periods
February 1972
to
February 1973

February 1973
to
February 1974

February 1974
to
February 1975

February 1975
to
Fe bruary 1976

All industries:
Office clerical______________ _____ ______________
Electronic data processing
_ __ _
___ _
Industrial n u r s e s _ _
_
_ _ _ _____ _ _ _ _ _
_
_ _
Skilled maintenance trades ** _ _________________
Unskilled plant workers * * ______________________

3.6
*
***
4.8
3.8

7.4
*
***
8.5
6.7

6.9
***
***

7.6
***

8.0
12.1

6.3

Manufacturing:
Office clerical.. __________
__
_____________
Electronic data processing_______________ ______
Industrial nurses ___________________ . ---------Skilled maintenance trades * * __________ ___ _ ___
Unskilled plant workers * * --------------------

***
*
***
***
sej#
jse

***
*
***
aej*
jsc

***
***
***
***
9.5

***
***

Industry and occupational group
(m en and w o m e n combined)

8.1

***
7.9

*
Data not available.
**
Percent increases for periods ending prior to 1976 relate to m e n only.
*** Data do not me e t publication criteria.

Footnotes
1 Standard hours reflect the w o r k w e e k for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or p r e m i u m rates), and the earnings correspond
to these weekly hours.
2 Th e m e a n is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the n u m b e r of workers. The me dian designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive m o r e
and half receive less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn m o r e than the higher rate.
3 Earnings data relate only to workers whose sex identification wa s provided by the establishment.
4 Excludes p r e m i u m pay for overtime and for wo rk on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.




8

Appendix A
A r e a w a g e and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s da ta a r e o b t a i n e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s
o f B u r e a u f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s at 3 - y e a r i n t e r v a l s . * In e a c h o f th e i n t e r ­
1
v e n i n g y e a r s , i n f o r m a t i o n on e m p l o y m e n t and o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s i s c o l ­
l e c t e d b y a c o m b i n a t i o n o f p e r s o n a l v i s i t , m a i l q u e s t i o n n a i r e , and t e l e p h o n e
i n t e r v i e w f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p a r t i c i p a t i n g in th e p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .

d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w ith in the s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y , a r e
n o t p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in the
o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h data to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r
(2) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .
Sepa­
r a t e m e n ' s and w o m e n ' s e a r n i n g s da t a a r e not p r e s e n t e d w h e n the n u m b e r o f
w o r k e r s n o t i d e n t i f i e d b y s e x i s 20 p e r c e n t o r m o r e o f the m e n o r w o m e n
i d e n t i f i e d in an o c c u p a t i o n .
E a r n i n g s da t a n o t s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y f o r i n d u s t r y
d i v i s i o n s a r e i n c l u d e d in da t a f o r a ll i n d u s t r i e s
com bined.
L ik ew ise,
da t a a r e i n c l u d e d in th e o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n w h e n a . s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f
e l e c t r o n i c s t e c h n i c i a n s , s e c r e t a r i e s , o r t r u c k d r i v e r s is not s h o w n o r i n f o r ­
m a tio n to s u b c la s s ify is not a v a ila b le .

In e a c h o f th e 84 2 a r e a s c u r r e n t l y s u r v e y e d , da ta a r e o b t a i n e d f r o m
r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M anufac­
t u r i n g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e
t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s .
M a jor
i n d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s e s t u d i e s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s and
t h e c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r than
a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a re om itted b e ca u s e o f in su fficie n t e m p lo y ­
m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d .
S ep arate tabu lation s are p r o v id e d f o r e a ch
o f the b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s data a r e show n f o r f u l l - t i m e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o s e h ire d to w o r k a re g u la r w e e k ly s ch e d u le .
E a r n i n g s data
e x c l u d e p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la te s h i f t s . N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a l l o w a n c e s
a nd i n c e n t i v e b o n u s e s a r e i n c l u d e d .
W e e k l y h o u r s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l and
p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s r e f e r to th e s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k
( r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e r e g u l a r
s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r
p rem iu m rates).
A v e r a g e w e e k ly earn ings f o r th ese o ccu p a tion s are rounded
t o the n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s .
The sam pling
p r o c e d u r e s i n v o l v e d e t a i l e d s t r a t i f i c a t i o n o f a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in the
s c o p e o f an i n d i v i d u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y i n d u s t r y and n u m b e r o f e m p l o y e e s .
F r o m t h i s s t r a t i f i e d u n i v e r s e a p r o b a b i l i t y s a m p l e i s s e l e c t e d , w ith e a c h
e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a v in g a p r e d e t e r m i n e d c h a n c e o f s e l e c t i o n . T o o b t a in o p t i m u m
a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f l a r g e th an s m a l l e s t a b ­
lish m en ts is
selected.
W h en da ta a r e c o m b i n e d , e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t i s
w e i g h t e d a c c o r d i n g to it s p r o b a b i l i t y o f s e l e c t i o n , s o th at u n b i a s e d e s t i m a t e s
a re generated.
F o r e x a m p l e , i f o n e out o f f o u r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s e l e c t e d ,
it i s g i v e n a w e i g h t o f f o u r t o r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f p lu s t h r e e o t h e r s .
An alternate
o f the s a m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y i s c h o s e n in the s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i ­
f i c a t i o n i f data a r e not a v a i l a b l e f r o m the o r i g i n a l s a m p l e m e m b e r .
If no
s u i t a b l e s u b s t i t u t e i s a v a i l a b l e , a d d i t i o n a l w e i g h t i s a s s i g n e d to a s a m p l e
m e m b e r that i s s i m i l a r to the m i s s i n g unit.

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s in an a r e a
at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e .
C o m p a r is o n s o f in divid u al o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
t i m e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s . T h e a v e r a g e s f o r i n d i v i d u a l j o b s
a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s and e m p l o y m e n t p a t t e r n s .
F o r exam ple,
p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by h igh- o r lo w -w a g e fi r m s m a y ch a n g e , o r
h i g h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d v a n c e to b e t t e r j o b s and b e r e p l a c e d b y n e w
w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a t e s .
Such s h if t s in e m p l o y m e n t c o u l d d e c r e a s e an o c c u ­
p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e e v e n th o u g h m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s
d u r i n g th e y e a r .
C h a n g e s in e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , s h o w n in t a b l e
A - 7 , a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s than a r e e a r n i n g s c h a n g e s f o r
i n d i v i d u a l j o b s w ith in the g r o u p s .

O c c u p a t i o n s and e a r n i n g s
O c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f m a n u f a c ­
t u r i n g and n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the f o l l o w i n g t y p e s :
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ; (3) m a i n t e n a n c e , t o o l r o o m ,
and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d i a l .
O ccupational
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to ta k e
a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in d u t i e s w ith in th e s a m e j o b .
O ccu­
p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu dy a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in a p p e n d i x B .
U nless
o t h e r w i s e i n d i c a t e d , th e e a r n i n g s data f o l l o w i n g th e j o b t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l
in d u stries com bin ed.
E a r n i n g s data f o r s o m e o f th e o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d and

A v e ra g e earn ings r e fle c t c o m p o s ite , areaw ide es tim a te s .
In dustries
and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and j o b s t a f f i n g , and th u s c o n t r i b u t e
d i f f e r e n t l y to th e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
P a y a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y t h e w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l a m o n g j o b s in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u ld
n o t b e a s s u m e d t o r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y o f th e s e x e s w ith in i n d i v i d u a l
establish m en ts.
F a c t o r s w hich m a y con tribu te to d iffe r e n c e s in clud e p r o ­
g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s ( o n l y th e r a t e s pa id i n c u m b e n t s a r e
c o l l e c t e d ) and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c d u t i e s w ith in th e g e n e r a l s u r v e y j o b
d escription s.
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d t o c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s
u s u a l l y a r e m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d th an t h o s e u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
and a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c d u tie s
p erform ed .

1 Personal visits were on a 2-year cy cle before July 1972.
2 Included in the 84 areas are 14 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas are
Akron, Ohio; Austin, T ex .; Binghamton, N .Y .- P a .; Birmingham, A la .; Fort Lauderdale—
Hollywood and West
Palm Beach—
Boca Raton, F la.; Lexington—
Fayette, K y .; Melbourne—
Titusville—Cocoa, F la.; Norfolk—
Virginia
Beach—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va. — C . ; Poughkeepsie—
N.
Kingston—
Newburgh, N. Y . ; Raleigh—
Durham, N. C . ; Stamford, Conn.; Syracuse, N .Y .; Utica—
Rome, N .Y .; and Westchester County, N .Y .
In
addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 70 areas at the request of the
Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department o f Labor.




9

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in a l l e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e s tu d y and n o t the n u m b e r a c t u a l l y s u r v e y e d .
B eca u se occu pa tion a l stru ctu re s am ong esta b lish m en ts d iffe r, es tim a te s of
o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b t a i n e d f r o m the s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s tu d ie d
s e r v e o n l y to i n d i c a t e th e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f th e j o b s s t u d ie d .
These
d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f
th e e a r n i n g s da ta .

E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g
( m e n and w o m e n ) :
Com puter system s
a nalysts, c la s s e s
A , B , and C
C om puter p r o g ra m m e rs,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C
Com puter operators,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C

Wage tr e n d s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l gro u p s

T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s p r e s e n t e d in t a b l e A - 7 a r e b a s e d o n c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s r e p o r t i n g the t r e n d j o b s in b o th
the c u r r e n t and p r e v i o u s y e a r ( m a t c h e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ) .
T h e da ta a r e
a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e th e e f f e c t s o n a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f e m p l o y m e n t s h if t s
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n c l u d e d in s u r v e y
sam p les.
The p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r, a re still a ffe cte d by fa c t o r s
o t h e r th an w a g e i n c r e a s e s .
H i r i n g , l a y o f f s , and t u r n o v e r m a y a f f e c t an
e s t a b l i s h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an o c c u p a t i o n w h e n w o r k e r s a r e p a id u n d e r p la n s
prov idin g a range of w age r a te s f o r individual jo b s .
In p e r i o d s o f i n c r e a s e d
h i r i n g , f o r e x a m p l e , n e w e m p l o y e e s e n t e r at the b o t t o m o f the r a n g e ,
d e p r e s s i n g the a v e r a g e w it h o u t a c h a n g e in w a g e r a t e s .

S killed m a in ten a n ce (m en
and w o m e n ) :
C arpen ter s
E lectricia n s
P ain ters
M a ch inists
M e ch a n ics (m ach in ery )
M e ch a n ics (m otor veh icle)
P ip efitters
T o o l and d ie m a k e r s

I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( m e n and
w o m e n ):
R e g is t e r e d in du strial
nurses
P e r c e n t c h a n g e s f o r indiv:
as f o llo w s :

U n s k i l l e d plant ( m e n and
w om en ):
J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and
clea n ers
M a t e r i a l h a n d lin g l a b o r e r s
a r e a s in th e p r o g r a m

are

1.

O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m en and
w o m e n ):

O rder clerk s
A ccou n tin g clerk s*
c l a s s e s A and B
B ook k eepin g-m ach in e
o p erators, cla ss B
P a yroll clerk s
K eypunch o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
T a b u la t in g - m ac hine
o p e r a to rs, cla ss B




The ratio o f grou p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t iv e y e a r s is
c o m p u t e d b y d i v i d i n g th e a v e r a g e f o r th e c u r r e n t y e a r
b y t h e a v e r a g e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
The result—
e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t — l e s s 100 i s the p e r c e n t c h a n g e .

F o r a m o r e d e t a i l e d d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e m e t h o d u s e d t o c o m p u t e t h e s e
w a ge t r e n d s , s e e "I m p r o v in g A r e a W age S u rve y I n d e x e s , " M onthly L a b o r
R e v i e w , J anu ary 1973, pp. 5 2 -5 7 .

O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n and
w o m e n )---- C o n tin u e d

S ecreta ries
Stenographers, general
S tenograp hers, sen ior
T y p ists, c la s s e s
A and B
F ile c le r k s , cla s s e s A,
B , and C
M essengers
S w itchboard o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A and B

T h e s e w e ig h ts a re u se d to c o m p u te g ro u p a v e r a g e s .
E ach o c c u p a t io n 's a v e r a g e (m ean) e a rn in g s is m u ltiplied
by its w eigh t.
T h e p r o d u c t s a r e t o t a l e d t o o b ta in a
group average.

3.

O c c u p a t i o n s u s e d to c o m p u t e w a g e t r e n d s a r e :

E a c h o c c u p a t i o n i s a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d o n it s p r o ­
p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p in the
base year.

2.
T h e p e r c e n t c h a n g e s r e l a t e to w a g e c h a n g e s b e t w e e n th e i n d i c a t e d
dates.
W h en th e t i m e sp a n b e t w e e n s u r v e y s i s o t h e r than 12 m o n t h s , ann ual
ra te s a re shown.
(It i s a s s u m e d th at w a g e s i n c r e a s e at a c o n s t a n t r a t e
betw een su rv e y s .)

com puted

E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s
T a b u l a t i o n s o n s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y
w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in t h i s b u l l e t i n . I n f o r ­
m a t i o n f o r t h e s e t a b u l a t i o n s i s c o l l e c t e d at 3 - y e a r i n t e r v a l s . 1
T h e se tabu­
l a t i o n s on m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; s h ift
d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s and d a y s ; p a id h o l i d a y s ; p a i d v a c a t i o n s ;
and h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p l a n s a r e p r e s e n t e d (in th e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s )
in p r e v i o u s b u l l e t i n s f o r t h i s a r e a .
l

1 0

Personal visits were on a 2-year cycle before July 1972.

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
in Huntsville, Ala.,1 February 1976
In d u s try d iv is io n 2

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l is h m e n ts in s c o p e
o f study

l^ ith in s c o p e o f stu d y 4
W ithin s c o p e
o f stud y 3

Stu died

Stu died
N u m b er

P ercen t

1 42

68

3 1 .6 7 8

10 J

2 2 ,0 3 1

50
-

57
85

30
38

1 8 ,7 6 5
1 2 ,9 1 3

59
41

1 3 .6 3 9
8 ,3 9 2

50
50
50
50
50

2
2

2
2
13

754
2 26
4 , 165
1 ,0 2 9
6 ,7 3 9

d

41
7
33

13
3

754
2 26
1 ,8 3 0
419
5 ,1 6 3

ALL DIVISIONS ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------------------TRANSPORTATION* COMMUNICATION. AN
D
o t h e r PUBLIC UTILITIES5 ----------------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE6 ---------------------------------------------------------r e t a i l t r a d e 6 ----------------------------------------------------------------f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e 6 -------------SERVICES6 7-------------------------------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s

N u m b er o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s

2

19

i

21

1 T h e H u n ts v ille S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S t a tis t ic a l A r e a , a s d e fin e d b y the O ffi c e o f M a n a g e m e n t and B u d get th ro u g h F e b r u a r y 1974, c o n s is t s o f L im e s t o n e , M a d is o n ,
and M a r s h a ll C o u n t ie s . T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f stu d y " e s t im a t e s sh ow n in th is ta b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f the s i z e and c o m p o s i t i o n o f the
la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in the s u r v e y . E s t im a t e s a r e not in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , f o r c o m p a r is o n w ith o t h e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s t o m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tr e n d s o r le v e l s
s in c e (1 ) pla n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s e s t a b lis h m e n t da ta c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f the p a y r o l l p e r io d stu d ie d , and (2 ) s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d
f r o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d itio n o f the S ta n d a rd In d u s t r ia l C l a s s if ic a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c la s s i fy in g e s t a b lis h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n .
3 I n clu d e s a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e the m in im u m lim it a t io n . A l l o u t le t s (w ith in the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in in d u s t r ie s su c h a s t r a d e ,
fin a n c e , a uto r e p a ir s e r v i c e , and m o t io n p ic t u r e th e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s t a b lis h m e n t .
4 In c lu d e s a ll w o r k e r s in a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t (w ith in the a r e a ) at o r a b o v e the m in im u m lim it a t io n .
5 A b b r e v ia t e d to " p u b lic u t i l i t i e s " in the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s . T a x ic a b s and s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c lu d e d . H u n t s v ille 's e l e c t r i c and gas
utilities are municipally operated and are excluded by definition f r o m the scope of the study.

6 T h is d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t im a t e s f o r " a ll i n d u s t r ie s " and " n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g " in the A - s e r i e s t a b le s . S e p a ra te p r e s e n t a t io n o f data i s n ot m a d e f o r one
o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1 ) E m p lo y m e n t is t o o s m a ll to p r o v id e en ou g h da ta to m e r i t s e p a r a t e stu d y, (2 ) the sa m p le w a s n o t d e s ig n e d in it ia lly to p e r m it
s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , (3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u ff ic ie n t o r in a d eq u a te to p e r m it s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , and (4 ) t h e r e is p o s s ib i li t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t da ta .
7 H o te ls and m o t e ls ; la u n d r ie s and o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r , re n ta l, and p a rk in g ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h ip
o r g a n iz a t io n s (e x c lu d in g r e l ig i o u s and c h a r it a b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); and e n g in e e r in g and a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




11




Appendix B.

Occupational Descriptions

T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u ' s w a g e s u r v e y s i s t o a s s i s t
i t s f i e l d s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r i a t e o c c u p a t i o n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p l o y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f
p a y r o l l t i t l e s and d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t t o e s t a b l i s h m e n t and f r o m a r e a to
area.
T h is p e r m i t s the grou pin g o f o cc u p a t io n a l w age ra te s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e jo b content.
B e c a u s e o f t h is e m p h a s i s o n i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t and i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t i o n a l c o n t e n t , the
B u r e a u ' s j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e
p r e p a r e d fo r oth er p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , the B u r e a u ' s f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e
i n s t r u c t e d to e x c l u d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g i n n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; and h a n d i c a p p e d ,
p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
SECRETARY

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n t in u e d

A s s i g n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y t o o n e i n d i v i d u a l .
M ain ­
t a i n s a c l o s e and h ig h ly r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p to the d a y - t o - d a y w o r k o f the
su p erv isor.
W o r k s f a i r l y in d e p e n d e n t l y r e c e i v i n g a m i n i m u m o f d e t a i l e d
s u p e r v i s i o n and g u i d a n c e .
P e r f o r m s v a r i e d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s ,
u s u a l l y in c l u d i n g m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :

M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b l e
n a t u r e and d i f f i c u l t y .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w l e d g e o f o f f i c e r o u t in e
and u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f th e o r g a n i z a t i o n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to
th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .
E x c lu s io n s

a.
a n s w e r s rou tin e
persons;
b.
c.
in stru cte d ;
d.

R e c e i v e s t e l e p h o n e c a l l s , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and i n c o m i n g m a i l ,
i n q u i r i e s , and r o u t e s t e c h n i c a l i n q u i r i e s to th e p r o p e r
N ot a l l p o s i t i o n s th at a r e t i t l e d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e - c h a r ­
a cteristics.
E x a m p l e s o f p o s i t i o n s w h i c h a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m the d e f i n i t i o n a r e
as fo llo w s :
E s t a b l i s h e s , m a i n t a i n s , and r e v i s e s the s u p e r v i s o r ' s f i l e s ;
a. P o s i t i o n s w h i c h d o n o t m e e t the " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t
d e scrib e d above;
M a in t a in s the s u p e r v i s o r ' s c a l e n d a r and m a k e s a p p o i n t m e n t s as

R elays m e s s a g e s fr o m

s u p e r v i s o r to

b.

sub ord ina tes;

e . R e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y
o t h e r s f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r ' s s ig n a t u r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and t y p o g r a p h i c
accuracy;
f.

P erform s




sion a l,

S t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l l y t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l - t y p e d u t i e s ;

c. Stenographers serv in g as o ffice
tech n ical, o r m a n a g eria l p erson s;

a ssista n ts to a g rou p o f p r o f e s ­

d. S e c r e t a r y p o s i t i o n s in w h i c h th e d u t i e s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t i a l l y
m o r e r o u t i n e o r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e c o m p l e x and r e s p o n s i b l e than t h o s e c h a r ­
a c t e r i z e d in th e d e f i n i t i o n ;

s t e n o g r a p h i c and t y p in g w o r k .

B e g i n n i n g w ith c a l e n d a r y e a r 1976 s u r v e y s , the B u r e a u h a s g r o u p e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d in it s
a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s in to j o b f a m i l i e s in o r d e r to p r e s e n t i n f o r m a t i o n o n r e l a t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in s e q u e n c e .
J o b f a m i l i e s h a v e n o t b e e n t i t l e d , h o w e v e r , s i n c e d o i n g s o m i g h t h av e a d d e d e x t r a n e o u s e l e m e n t s to the
jo b m atching p r o c e s s .
The B u re a u has a ls o r e v i s e d s e v e r a l o c c u p a t io n a l t i t le s .
w o r d o r d e r and a r e m o r e d e s c r i p t i v e o f the s u r v e y j o b s .

13

The titles m o r e

n e a r ly r e fle c t usual

SEC RE TAR Y— Continued

SEC R E T A R Y— Continued

E x c l u s i o n s ---- C o n t in u e d

C lass C

e.
A s s is ta n t-ty p e p o sitio n s w hich in volve m o r e difficult o r m o r e
1. S e c r e t a r y t o an e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n ­
re s p o n s ib le tech n ica l, a d m in istra tive, s u p e rv is o ry , o r s p e cia liz e d c le r ic a l
s i b i l i t y i s n ot e q u i v a l e n t to o n e o f the s p e c i f i c l e v e l s it u a t io n s in the d e f i n i t i o n
d u t i e s w h i c h a r e n ot t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .
f o r c l a s s B , but w h o s e o r g a n i z a t i o n a l unit n o r m a l l y n u m b e r s at l e a s t s e v e r a l
d o z e n e m p l o y e e s and i s u s u a l l y d i v i d e d in to o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t s w h i c h a r e
o f t e n , in tu r n , f u r t h e r s u b d i v i d e d .
In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , t h is l e v e l i n c l u d e s a
NOTE:
T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in the l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s
w i d e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n l y o n e o r t w o ; or^
f o l l o w i n g , r e f e r s to t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w h o h a v e a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e w i d e
p o l i c y m a k i n g r o l e w ith r e g a r d to m a j o r c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s .
The title " v ic e
2. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f an i n d i v i d u a l pla n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r
p r e s i d e n t , " th o u gh n o r m a l l y i n d i c a t i v e o f th is r o l e , d o e s not in a l l c a s e s
o t h e r e q u i v a l e n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r than 5 , 0 0 0
iden tify such p o s it io n s .
V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to
persons.
a c t p e r s o n a l l y on i n d i v i d u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y
i n d i v i d u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ; a d m i n i s t e r i n d i v i d u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y
C lass D
s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s ta f f) a r e n ot c o n s i d e r e d t o b e " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r
1. S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l unit
p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g the f o l l o w i n g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
( e . g . , f e w e r th an a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; ^ r
C lass A
1. S e c r e t a r y t o th e c h a i r m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y
that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

2 . S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l
e m p lo y e e , a d m in istra tiv e o f f i c e r , o r a ssista n t, sk illed techn icia n, o r e x p e rt.
(N O TE:
M a n y c o m p a n i e s a s s i g n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r th an s e c r e t a r i e s as
d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to t h i s l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r . )
STENOGRAPHER

2. S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th an the c h a i r m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y th at e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 000 but f e w e r
than 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to the h e a d , i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r
l e v e l , o f a m a j o r s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th at e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
o v e r 25 ,00 0 p e r s o n s .

C lass B

P r i m a r y du ty i s to ta k e d i c t a t i o n u s i n g s h o r t h a n d , and to t r a n s c r i b e
th e d i c t a t i o n .
M ay a ls o type f r o m w ritte n c o p y .
M ay operate fr o m a steno­
gra p hic p ool.
M ay o c c a s io n a l ly tr a n s c r ib e f r o m v o ic e r e c o r d in g s (if p r im a r y
du ty is t r a n s c r i b i n g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s ,
see T r a n s c r ib in g -M a c h in e T ypist).
NOTE:
T h i s j o b i s d i s t i n g u i s h e d f r o m th at o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a l l y w o r k s in a c o n f i d e n t i a l r e l a t i o n s h i p w ith o n l y on e m a n a g e r
o r e x e c u t i v e and p e r f o r m s m o r e
r e s p o n s i b l e and d i s c r e t i o n a r y t a s k s as
d e s c r i b e d in the s e c r e t a r y j o b d e f i n i t i o n .

1. S e c r e t a r y t o th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y
th at e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th an 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
2 . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th an th e c h a i r m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y th at e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 but f e w e r
than 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d , i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w th e o f f i c e r l e v e l , o v e r
e ith er a m a j o r c o r p o r a tio n w ide fun ction a l a ctiv ity (e .g ., m a rk e tin g , r e s e a r c h ,
o p e r a tio n s , in du stria l r e la tio n s , etc .) o r a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o rg a n iza tio n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a j o r d i v i s i o n ) o f a c o m p a n y that
e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r than 2 5 , 0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r
4 . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f an i n d i v i d u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r
o t h e r e q u i v a l e n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) th at e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
5. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a l a r g e and i m p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m i d d l e m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t
o f t e n i n v o l v i n g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l h u n d r e d p e r s o n s ) o r a c o m p a n y that
e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .




Stenographer, G eneral

keep

D ictation in v o lv e s a n o r m a l rou tin e v o c a b u la r y .
M ay m ain tain f ile s ,
s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m othepr r e l a t i v e l y r o u t i n e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
Stenographer,

Sen ior

D i c t a t i o n i n v o l v e s a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u ch
a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h .
M a y a l s o s e t up and
m ain tain f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e tc .
OR
P e r f o r m s s te n o g ra p h ic du ties r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n tly g r e a t e r in d e ­
p e n d e n c e and r e s p o n s i b i l i t y than s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l a s e v i d e n c e d b y the
follow in g:
W o r k r e q u i r e s a h ig h d e g r e e o f s t e n o g r a p h i c s p e e d and a c c u r a c y ;
a t h o r o u g h w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s and o f f i c e p r o c e d u r e ; and
o f the s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t i o n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w ork flow , etc.
U s e s t h i s k n o w l e d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h i c d u t i e s and
r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l ta s k s such as m ain tain in g fo llo w u p f ile s ; a s s e m b lin g
m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , and l e t t e r s ; c o m p o s i n g s i m p l e l e t t e r s
f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g and r o u t i n g i n c o m i n g m a i l ; and a n s w e r i n g
rou tin e q u e s t io n s , e t c .

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E T Y P IS T

SW ITC H B O A R D O P E R A T O R

P r i m a r y d u ty i s t o t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t i o n i n v o l v i n g a n o r m a l r o u t i n e
vocabu lary fr o m tra n scrib in g -m a ch in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a ls o type f r o m w ritten
c o p y and d o s i m p l e c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s tr a n s c r ib in g dictation in volvin g
a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such as le g a l b r ie f s o r r e p o r ts
oh s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h a r e not in clu d e d .
A w o r k e r w h o t a k e s d i c t a t i o n in
shorthand o r b y Stenotype o r s im ila r m a ch in e is c la s s if i e d as a ste n o g ra p h e r.

C la ss A .
O p era tes a s in g le - o r m u lt ip le -p o s it io n telephon e sw itch ­
b o a r d h a n d lin g i n c o m i n g , o u t g o i n g , in t r a p l a n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s .
P e r f o r m s full
tele p h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v i c e o r han dles c o m p l e x c a l l s , such as c o n fe r e n c e ,
c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i t h e r in a d d it io n to d o i n g r o u t i n e w o r k
as d e s c r i b e d f o r s w itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r as a f u ll-ti m e a ssig n m en t.
( " F u l l " t e l e p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h e n th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t h as
v a r i e d f u n c t i o n s th at a r e not r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b l e f o r t e l e p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n
p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e o f o v e r l a p p i n g o r i n t e r r e l a t e d f u n c t i o n s , and c o n s e ­
quen tly p r e s e n t fre q u e n t p r o b l e m s as to w h ich e x te n s io n s a re a p p ro p ria te
fo r ca lls.)

TYPIST
U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s o r to m a k e
out b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a t i o n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o t h e r p e r s o n .
M ay in clu d e
t y p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p l i c a t i n g p r o ­
cesses.
M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k i n v o l v i n g lit t le s p e c i a l t r a i n i n g ,
such as
k e e p i n g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f i l i n g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g and d i s t r i b u t i n g
in com in g m ail.

C lass B .
O p e ra te s a s in g le - o r m u lt ip le -p o s it io n telephon e sw itch ­
b o a r d h a n d lin g i n c o m i n g , o u t g o i n g , in t r a p l a n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s .
M a y h an dle
r o u t i n e l o n g d i s t a n c e c a l l s and r e c o r d t o l l s .
M a y p e r f o r m lim ite d telephon e
in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e .
( " L i m i t e d " t e l e p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e o c c u r s i f the
f u n c t i o n s o f th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b l e f o r t e l e ­
p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n p u r p o s e s , o r i f th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t i n e , e . g . , g iv i n g
e x te n s io n n u m b e r s when s p e c ific n a m e s a re fu rn ish e d , o r if c o m p l e x c a lls
a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o t h e r o p e r a t o r . )

C lass A .
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g :
Typing m a t e r ia l
in f i n a l f o r m w h e n it i n v o l v e s c o m b i n i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g , s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c t u a t io n , e t c . , o f t e c h ­
n i c a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ; o r p la n n in g la y o u t and
t y p i n g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s t o m a i n t a i n u n i f o r m i t y and b a l a n c e in
s p a c i n g . M a y t y p e r o u t i n e f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y i n g d e t a i l s to su it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C lass
rough o r c le a r
o r s e t t in g up
a l r e a d y s e t up

T h e s e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s d o n o t i n c l u d e s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s in t e l e ­
p h o n e c o m p a n i e s w h o a s s i s t c u s t o m e r s in p l a c i n g c a l l s .

B.
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g :
C o p y t y p in g f r o m
d r a f t s ; o r r o u t in e t y p in g o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ;
s im p le standard tabu lation s; o r co p y in g m o r e c o m p l e x ta b le s
and s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

SW ITCH BOARD O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
In a d d it io n t o p e r f o r m i n g d u t i e s o f o p e r a t o r o n a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r
m o n i t o r - t y p e s w i t c h b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n i s t and m a y a l s o ty p e o r p e r f o r m
rou tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k as part o f r e g u la r d u ties.
T h i s t y p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k
m a y ta k e th e m a j o r p a r t o f t h i s w o r k e r ' s t i m e w h i le at s w i t c h b o a r d .

FILE CLERK

ORDER CLERK

F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r i a l in an e s t a b l i s h e d f i l i n g
system .
M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d to m a i n t a i n f i l e s .
P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s o n the b a s i s o f th e f o l l o w i n g d e f i n i t i o n s .

R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s fo r m a te r ia l o r m e rch a n d ise by m a il,
phone, or p e rso n a lly .
D u t i e s i n v o l v e a n y c o m b i n a t i o n o f the f o l l o w i n g :
Q u o t in g p r i c e s t o c u s t o m e r s ; m a k i n g out an o r d e r s h e e t li s t i n g th e i t e m s t o
m a k e up th e o r d e r ; c h e c k i n g p r i c e s and q u a n t i t i e s o f i t e m s o n o r d e r s h e e t ;
and d i s t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s t o r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s t o b e f i l l e d .
May
c h e c k w ith c r e d i t d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m i n e c r e d i t r a t i n g o f c u s t o m e r , a fc know le d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s , f o l l o w up o r d e r s t o s e e that t h e y
h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , and c h e c k s h ip p in g i n v o i c e s
w ith o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .

C la ss A.
C l a s s i f i e s and i n d e x e s f i l e m a t e r i a l s u c h a s c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n t s , e t c . , in an e s t a b l i s h e d f i l i n g s y s t e m
con tain ing a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d su b je ct m a t te r f ile s .
M a y a l s o f i l e t h is
m a teria l.
M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n j u n c t i o n w ith th e f i l e s .
M ay lea d a s m a ll g rou p o f lo w e r le v e l file c l e r k s .
C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p l e
(s u b je c t m a t te r ) headings o r p a rtly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r ia l by fin e r subh eadin gs.
P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d i n d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s .
A s requested,
l o c a t e s c l e a r l y i d e n t i f i e d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l .
May
p erform
r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d t o m a i n t a i n and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

A CCO U N TIN G C L E R K
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e a c c o u n t i n g c l e r i c a l t a s k s s u c h a s p o s t i n g to
r e g i s t e r s and l e d g e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; v e r i f y i n g th e i n t e r n a l c o n ­
s i s t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , and m a t h e m a t i c a l a c c u r a c y o f a c c o u n t i n g d o c u m e n t s ;
a s s i g n i n g p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t i n g d i s t r i b u t i o n c o d e s ; e x a m i n i n g and v e r i f y i n g
fo r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty p e s o f r e p o r t s , lis ts , ca lcu la tio n s, posting,
e t c . ; o r p r e p a r i n g s i m p l e o r a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r i n g m o r e c o m p l i c a t e d j o u r n a l
vouchers.
M a y w o r k in e i t h e r a m a n u a l o r a u t o m a t e d a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m .

C lass C.
P e r f o r m s r o u t i n e f i l i n g o f m a t e r i a l that h a s a l r e a d y b e e n
c l a s s i f i e d o r w h i c h i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
system
( e .g ., alph a b etica l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r n u m e r ic a l).
A s requested,
l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l ; and m a y
f i l l out w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e .
M a y p e r f o r m s i m p l e c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l t a s k s
r e q u i r e d to m a i n t a i n and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

T h e w o r k r e q u i r e s a k n o w l e d g e o f c l e r i c a l m e t h o d s and o f f i c e p r a c ­
t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h i c h r e l a t e s t o th e c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g and r e c o r d i n g
o f t r a n s a c t i o n s and a c c o u n t i n g i n f o r m a t i o n .
With e x p e r i e n c e , th e w o r k e r
t y p i c a l l y b e c o m e s f a m i l i a r w ith th e b o o k k e e p i n g and a c c o u n t i n g t e r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in th e a s s i g n e d w o r k , but i s not r e q u i r e d to h a v e a k n o w l e d g e
o f th e f o r m a l p r i n c i p l e s o f b o o k k e e p i n g and a c c o u n t i n g .

MESSENGER
P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u t i n e d u t i e s s u c h a s r u n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t i n g
m i n o r o f f i c e m a c h i n e s s u c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n i n g and d i s t r i b u t i n g
m a i l , and o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x c l u d e p o s i t i o n s that r e q u i r e o p e r a t i o n
o f a m o t o r v e h i c l e a s a s i g n i f i c a n t d u ty .




Positions
defin ition s.

1 5

are

cla ssifie d

in to

lev els

on

th e

b a s i s o f th e f o l l o w i n g

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K — Continued

M A C H IN E B IL L E R ---- Continued

C lass A .
Under g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s accou nting c l e r i c a l
o p e r a t i o n s w h i c h r e q u i r e th e a p p l i c a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e and j u d g m e n t , f o r
e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s i n g c o m p lic a t e d o r n on rep etitiv e accou nting t r a n s ­
a c tio n s , s e le c t in g am on g a su bstan tial v a r ie t y o f p r e s c r i b e d a ccou n tin g c o d e s
and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c i n g t r a n s a c t i o n s t h r o u g h p r e v i o u s a c c o u n t i n g
a c t i o n s to d e t e r m i n e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M ay be a s siste d by one o r
m o r e c la s s B accou nting c le r k s .

B ook k eep in g-m ach in e b ille r .
U s e s a b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h i n e (w it h o r
w ith o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f the
accounts re ce iv a b le op eration .
G e n e r a l l y i n v o l v e s th e s i m u l t a n e o u s e n t r y o f
f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h i n e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s o n a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o l u m n s and c o m p u t e s and u s u a l l y p r i n t s
a u t o m a t i c a l l y th e d e b i t o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s .
D o e s not i n v o l v e a k n o w l e d g e
o f b ook k eepin g.
W orks from
u niform
and s t a n d a r d t y p e s o f s a l e s and
c re d it slip s.

C la ss B.
Under c l o s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d e ta iled in str u c tio n s
and s t a n d a r d i z e d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e r o u t i n e a c c o u n t i n g c l e r ­
i c a l o p e r a t io n s , such as po stin g to l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e
i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f i t e m s and l o c a t i o n s o f p o s t i n g s a r e c l e a r l y i n d i c a t e d ; c h e c k i n g
a c c u r a c y and c o m p l e t e n e s s o f s t a n d a r d i z e d and r e p e t i t i v e r e c o r d s o r
a c c o u n t i n g d o c u m e n t s ; and c o d i n g
d o c u m e n ts usin g a few p r e s c r i b e d
accou nting c o d e s .

PAYRO LL CLERK

B O O K K E E PIN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h i n e (w it h o r w ith o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y ­
b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s .
C lass A.
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w l e d g e o f and
e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c b o o k k e e p i n g p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e
o f the p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m u s e d .
D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d i s t r i b u t i o n o f d e b i t and c r e d i t i t e m s to be u s e d in e a c h p h a s e o f the w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l i d a t e d r e p o r t s , b a l a n c e s h e e t s , and o t h e r r e c o r d s b y hand.

C lass B.
K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c tio n s o f a
s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l l y r e q u i r i n g li t t l e k n o w l e d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p i n g . P h a s e s
o r s e c t i o n s i n c l u d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b l e , p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (not
in clud ing a s im p le type of billin g d e s c r i b e d under m a ch in e b ille r ) , c o s t d i s ­
tribution, ex p en se d istrib u tion , in v e n to ry c o n tr o l, etc .
May ch eck or assist
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r the a c c o u n t i n g
departm ent.

C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s and e n t e r s the n e c e s s a r y
d a t a on the p a y r o l l s h e e t s .
D uties in v o lv e :
C alculating w o r k e r s ' earn ings
b a s e d o n t i m e o r p r o d u c t i o n r e c o r d s ; and p o s t i n g c a l c u l a t e d da ta o n p a y r o l l
sh e e t, show ing in fo r m a t io n such as w o r k e r 's n a m e , w ork in g d a y s, t im e , ra te,
d e d u c t i o n s f o r i n s u r a n c e , and t o t a l w a g e s d u e .
M a y m a k e out p a y c h e c k s and
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k i n g up and d i s t r i b u t i n g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M ay use a
calcu latin g m a ch in e.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
O p e r a t e s a k eypun ch m a ch in e to r e c o r d
n u m e r i c da t a on ta b u la t in g c a r d s o r o n t a p e .
Positions
defin ition s.

are

cla ssified

in to

levels

on

o r v e r i f y alph abetic

th e

a n d /or

b a s i s o f the f o l l o w i n g

C lass A .
W o r k r e q u i r e s th e a p p l i c a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e and j u d g m e n t
in s e l e c t i n g p r o c e d u r e s to be f o l l o w e d and in s e a r c h i n g f o r , i n t e r p r e t i n g ,
s e l e c t i n g , o r c o d i n g i t e m s to b e k e y p u n c h e d f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s o u r c e d o c u ­
m ents.
On o c c a s i o n m a y a l s o p e r f o r m s o m e r o u t i n e k e y p u n c h w o r k .
May
train in e x p e rie n ce d keypunch o p e r a to r s .
C la ss B .
W o r k i s r o u t i n e and r e p e t i t i v e .
Under c l o s e s u p e r v is io n
o r f o l l o w i n g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s t r u c t i o n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r io u s - s t a n ­
d a r d i z e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s w h i c h h a v e b e e n c o d e d , and f o l l o w s s p e c i f i e d
p r o c e d u r e s w h i c h h a v e b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a i l and r e q u i r e l it t le o r no
s e l e c t i n g , c o d i n g , o r i n t e r p r e t i n g o f d a t a to b e r e c o r d e d . R e f e r s to s u p e r v i s o r
p r o b le m s arisin g fr o m e r r o n e o u s ite m s o r c o d e s or m is s in g in form ation .

M ACH IN E B IL L E R
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , and i n v o i c e s on a m a c h i n e o t h e r than an
o rd in a ry or e le ctro m a tic ty p ew riter.
M ay a ls o k e e p r e c o r d s as to b illin g s
o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l w o r k i n c i d e n t a l to b i l l i n g
operation s.
F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e b i l l e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e
o f m a c h in e , as f o llo w s :

B illin g-m ach in e b ille r .
U ses a s p e c ia l billin g m ach in e (com b in a tion
t y p in g and a d d in g m a c h i n e ) t o p r e p a r e b i l l s and i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s '
p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , i n t e r n a l l y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o r a n d u m s , e t c .
U s u a l l y i n v o l v e s a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d i s c o u n t s and s h ip p in g c h a r g e s
and e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h i c h m a y o r m a y not b e c o m p u t e d o n
th e b i l l i n g m a c h i n e , and t o t a l s w h i c h a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d b y
m ach in e.
The o p e r a tio n usually in v o lv e s a la rg e n um ber o f ca r b o n c o p ie s
o f th e b i l l b e i n g p r e p a r e d and i s o f t e n d o n e o n a f a n f o l d m a c h i n e .




O p e r a t e s o n e o r a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n e s s u c h a s th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u ­
la to r , c o lla t o r , in te r p r e te r , s o r t e r , re p ro d u cin g punch, etc.
Excluded fro m
t h is d e f i n i t i o n a r e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s .
A ls o exclu ded are op e ra to rs of
e l e c t r o n i c d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r s , e v e n th o u g h t h e y m a y a l s o o p e r a t e e l e c t r i c
accou nting m a ch in e equipm ent.
P osition s
defin ition s.

are

cla ssifie d

in to

levels

on

th e

b a s i s o f the f o l l o w i n g

C lass A.
P e r f o r m s c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g and t a b u la t in g a s s i g n m e n t s
in clu d in g d e v isin g d ifficu lt c o n t r o l p a n el w ir in g u nder g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n .
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e a v a r i e t y o f l o n g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w h i c h
o f t e n a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g , r e q u i r i n g s o m e p la n n in g o f th e n a t u r e
and s e q u e n c i n g o f o p e r a t i o n s , and the u s e o f a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n e s .
Is

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R — Continued

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R — Continued

t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e d in t r a i n i n g n e w o p e r a t o r s in m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s o r t r a i n i n g
l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s in w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and in the o p e r a t i n g s e q u e n c e s
o f l o n g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n o t i n c l u d e p o s i t i o n s in w h i c h w i r i n g
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s l i m i t e d to s e l e c t i o n and i n s e r t i o n o f p r e w i r e d b o a r d s .

th e t a b u l a t o r and c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d i t i o n to the s i m p l e r m a c h i n e s u s e d by
cla ss C operators.
M a y b e r e q u i r e d to do s o m e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s .
M a y t r a i n n e w e m p l o y e e s in b a s i c m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s .
C lass C .
U n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s , o p e r a t e s s i m p l e ta b u la tin g
o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g m a c h i n e s s u c h as the s o r t e r , i n t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g
punch, c o lla t o r , etc.
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e p o r t i o n s o f a w o r k unit,
f o r e x a m p le , in divid u al s o rtin g o r co lla tin g runs, o r rep etitiv e o p e r a t io n s .
M ay p e r fo r m
s i m p l e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s , and do s o m e f i l i n g w o r k .

C la ss B.
P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d i n g to e s t a b l i s h e d p r o c e d u r e s and
under s p e c ific in s tru ctio n s .
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e c o m p l e t e b ut r o u ­
tin e and r e c u r r i n g r e p o r t s o r p a r t s o f l a r g e r and m o r e c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a t e s m o r e d i f f i c u l t ta b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g m a c h i n e s s u c h as

PRO FESSIO NAL A N D TEC H N IC A L
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U SIN E SS

C O M P U T E R SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T ,

A n a l y z e s b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s to f o r m u l a t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o l v i n g
t h e m b y u s e o f e l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g e q u i p m e n t .
D evelop s a c o m p le t e
d e s c r i p t i o n o f a l l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d to e n a b l e p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u ir e d digital c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
A n a l y z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t i o n s t o b e a u t o m a t e d and i d e n t i f i e s c o n d i t i o n s
and c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d to a c h i e v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r and
t y p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d o c u m e n t s t o be u s e d ; o u t l i n e s a c t i o n s to be
p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u t e r s in s u f f i c i e n t d e t a i l f o r p r e s e n t a t i o n
to m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y t h is i n v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f
w o r k and da ta f l o w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s th e d e v e l o p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s and
p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l r u n s o f n e w and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s e q u i p ­
m e n t c h a n g e s t o o b t a in m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l o p e r a t i o n s .
(N O TE:
W orkers
p e r f o r m i n g b o th s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d a s
s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f th is i s the s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y . )

d e v e l o p s s y s t e m s f o r m a i n t a i n i n g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n t s in a b a nk, m a i n t a i n i n g
a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t , o r m a in t a i n i n g i n v e n t o r y
a c c o u n t s in a m a n u f a c t u r i n g o r w h o l e s a l e e s t a b l i s h m e n t . )
C o n f e r s w ith p e r ­
s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o d e t e r m i n e the data p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s
s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e i m p l i c a t i o n s o f th e data p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s
to b e a p p l i e d .
OR
W o r k s o n a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p l e x data p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m ,
as d e s crib e d for cla s s A.
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y on r o u t in e a s s i g n m e n t s and
r e c e i v e s i n s t r u c t i o n and g u i d a n c e o n c o m p l e x a s s i g n m e n t s .
W ork is r e v ie w e d
f o r a c c u r a c y o f j u d g m e n t , c o m p l i a n c e w ith i n s t r u c t i o n s , and to i n s u r e p r o p e r
a l i g n m e n t w ith th e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .
C la ss C .
W o r k s u n d e r i m m e d i a t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g ou t a n a l y ­
s e s as a s s ig n e d , u su a lly o f a single a ctiv ity .
A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s i g n e d to
d e v e l o p and e x p a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e in th e a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r o c e d u r e s and
sk ills re q u ire d fo r s y s te m s an a lysis w ork .
F o r e x a m p l e , m a y a s s i s t a< hig her
l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a l y s t b y p r e p a r i n g th e d e t a i l e d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u i r e d b y
p rog ra m m ers from
i n f o r m a t i o n d e v e l o p e d by the h i g h e r l e v e l a n a l y s t .

D o e s n o t i n c l u d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s ­
t e m s a n a l y s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g i n e e r i n g p r o b l e m s .
F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s f o l l o w s :
C la ss A.
W o r k s in d ep en d en tly o r u nder o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s in volvin g a ll ph ases of s y ste m a n a ly sis.
P r o b le m s are
c o m p l e x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f in pu t da ta and m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e ­
m e n t s o f ou tp u t d a t a .
( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s an i n t e g r a t e d p r o d u c t i o n s c h e d ­
u l i n g , i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , and s a l e s a n a l y s i s r e c o r d in w h i c h
e v e r y i t e m o f e a c h t y p e i s a u t o m a t i c a l l y p r o c e s s e d t h r o u g h th e f u l l s y s t e m
o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r i a t e f o l l o w u p a c t i o n s a r e in i t i a t e d b y th e c o m p u t e r . )
C o n f e r s w it h p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o d e t e r m i n e th e da ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s
and a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l o n th e i m p l i c a t i o n s o f n e w o r r e v i s e d
s y s t e m s o f data p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t io n s .
M akes recom m en d ation s, if needed,
f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s i n s t a l l a t i o n s o r c h a n g e s and f o r o b t a i n i n g
equip m en t.

who are

M ay p r o v id e fun ction al
a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

d irection

to

lo w e r

level system s

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS
C o n v e rts statem en ts of b u s in e s s p r o b le m s , ty p ica lly p r e p a re d by a
s y s t e m s a n a l y s t , in to a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s w h i c h a r e r e q u i r e d
t o s o l v e th e p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a t i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g e q u i p m e n t .
W orking fro m
c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e l o p s th e p r e c i s e i n s t r u c t i o n s w h i c h ,
w h e n e n t e r e d in to the c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d l a n g u a g e , c a u s e the m a n i p u ­
la t i o n o f da ta to a c h i e v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo lld q y in g :
A p p lie s k n ow led g e o f c o m p u t e r c a p a b ilit ie s , m a them atics^ lo g ic e m p lo y e d by
c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t i c u l a r s u b j e c t m a t t e r i n v o l v e d t o a n a l y z e c h a r t s and
d i a g r a m s o f th e p r o b l e m to b e p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e l o p s s e q u e n c e o f p r o g r a m
s t e p s ; w r i t e s d e t a i l e d f l o w c h a r t s to s h o w o r d e r in w h i c h d a t a w i l l b e
p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s t h e s e c h a r t s to c o d e d i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r m a c h i n e to f o l l o w ;
t e s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r o p e r a t i n g p e r s o n n e l
d u r i n g p r o d u c t i o n r u n ; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , and a l t e r s p r o g r a m s t o i n c r e a s e
o p e r a t i n g e f f i c i e n c y o r a dapt t o n e w r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m a i n t a i n s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e l o p m e n t and r e v i s i o n s .
(N O TE:
W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g both
s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s
i f t h is i s th e s k i l l u s e d t o d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y . )

analysts

C lass B.
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
p r o b l e m s th at a r e r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p l i c a t e d t o a n a l y z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , and
operate.
P r o b l e m s a r e o f l i m i t e d c o m p l e x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f inpu t da ta
a r e h o m o g e n e o u s and the ou tp u t da ta a r e c l o s e l y r e l a t e d .
(F o r exam ple,




BUSINESS— C o n tin u e d

17

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS— Continued

COM PUTER OPERATOR

D o e s not i n c l u d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o ­
g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w it h s c i e n t i f i c a n d / o r e n g i n e e r i n g p r o b l e m s .

M o n i t o r s and o p e r a t e s th e c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r to
p r o c e s s da ta a c c o r d i n g to o p e r a t i n g i n s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a p r o ­
gram m er.
W o r k i n c l u d e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : S t u d ie s i n s t r u c t i o n s to
d e t e r m i n e e q u i p m e n t s e tu p and o p e r a t i o n s ; l o a d s e q u i p m e n t w ith r e q u i r e d
i t e m s (ta p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w i t c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l i a r y e q u i p m e n t into
c i r c u i t , and s t a r t s and o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d j u s t m e n t s t o c o m p u t e r to
c o r r e c t o p e r a t i n g p r o b l e m s and m e e t s p e c j a l c o n d i t i o n s ; r e v i e w s e r r o r s m a d e
d u r i n g o p e r a t i o n and d e t e r m i n e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m to s u p e r v i s o r o r
p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a i n t a i n s o p e r a t i n g r e c o r d s .
M a y t e s t and a s s i s t in
correctin g program .

For

wage

s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,

program m ers

are

c l a s s i fi e d as f o llo w s :

C lass A .
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h i c h r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in a l l p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m m i n g
c o n c e p t s and p r a c t i c e s .
W o r k i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and c h a r t s w h i c h i d e n t i f y
th e n a t u r e o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g s t e p s t o b e a c c o m p l i s h e d ,
and th e r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n v a r i o u s s t e p s o f the p r o b l e m s o l v i n g r o u t i n e ;
p la n s the f u l l r a n g e o f p r o g r a m m i n g a c t i o n s n e e d e d t o e f f i c i e n t l y u t i l i z e th e
c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in a c h i e v i n g d e s i r e d end p r o d u c t s .

At t h is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m i n g i s d i f f i c u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u i p m e n t
m u s t be o r g a n i z e d to p r o d u c e s e v e r a l i n t e r r e l a t e d but d i v e r s e p r o d u c t s f r o m
n u m e r o u s and d i v e r s e da ta e l e m e n t s .
A w id e v a r i e t y and e x t e n s i v e n u m b e r
o f in ternal p r o c e s s in g a ction s m ust o c c u r .
T h i s r e q u i r e s s u c h a c t i o n s as
d ev elopm en t o f c o m m o n o p e r a tio n s w hich can be r e u s e d , e s ta b lish m en t o f
lin k a g e p o i n t s b e t w e e n o p e r a t i o n s , a d j u s t m e n t s to da ta w h e n p r o g r a m r e q u i r e ­
m e n t s e x c e e d c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , and s u b s t a n t i a l m a n i p u l a t i o n and
r e s e q u e n c i n g o f da t a e l e m e n t s to f o r m a h i g h l y i n t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .

M a y p r o v i d e f u n c t i o n a l d i r e c t i o n to l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s w h o a r e
a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

C la s s B.
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
r e la t iv e ly s im p le p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le s e g m e n t s o f c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a l l y p r o c e s s i n f o r m a t i o n to p r o d u c e da ta in t w o
or th ree varied sequ en ces o r fo rm a ts.
R e p o r t s and l i s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y
r e f i n i n g , a d a p t in g , a r r a y i n g , o r m a k i n g m i n o r a d d i t i o n s to o r d e l e t i o n s f r o m
in pu t da ta w h i c h a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e
p r o c e s s e d , the da t a h a v e b e e n r e f i n e d in p r i o r a c t i o n s so that th e a c c u r a c y
and s e q u e n c i n g o f data c a n b e t e s t e d b y u s i n g a f e w r o u t i n e c h e c k s . T y p i c a l l y ,
the p r o g r a m d e a l s w ith r o u t i n e r e c o r d k e e p i n g o p e r a t i o n s .

For

s tu d y

purposes,

com pu ter

operators

are

cla ssifie d

as

C lass A .
O p e ra te s in depen den tly , o r u nder only g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n ,
a c o m p u t e r r u n n in g p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
N e w p r o g r a m s a r e f r e q u e n t l y t e s t e d and i n t r o d u c e d ; s c h e d u l i n g r e q u i r e m e n t s
a r e o f c r i t i c a l i m p o r t a n c e to m i n i m i z e d o w n t i m e ; th e p r o g r a m s a r e o f
c o m p l e x d e s i g n s o th at i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o f t e n r e q u i r e s a w o r k i n g
k n o w l e d g e o f the t o t a l p r o g r a m , and a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y n o t be a v a i l a b l e .
M a y g i v e d i r e c t i o n and g u i d a n c e t o l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C la ss B .
O p era tes independently, o r under only g e n e ra l d ir e c tio n ,
a c o m p u t e r r u n n in g p r o g r a m s w it h m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
M o s t o f th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b l i s h e d p r o d u c t i o n r u n s , t y p i c a l l y run o n a
r e g u l a r l y r e c u r r i n g b a s i s ; t h e r e i s lit t l e o r n o t e s t i n g o f n e w p r o g r a m s
r e q u i r e d ; a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v i d e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m n e e d s
m a j o r c h a n g e o r c a n n o t b e c o r r e c t e d w it h in a r e a s o n a b l y s h o r t t i m e .
In
c o m m o n e r r o r s i t u a t i o n s , d i a g n o s e s c a u s e and t a k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c t i o n .
This
u s u a l l y i n v o l v e s a p p l y i n g p r e v i o u s l y p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u s in g
standard c o r r e c t i o n tec h n iq u e s.
OR
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v i s i o n a c o m p u t e r r u n n in g p r o g r a m s o r
s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s w ith t h e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A .
May
a s s i s t a h ig h er le v e l o p e r a t o r by in depen den tly p e r fo r m i n g l e s s difficu lt tasks
a s s i g n e d , and p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t t a s k s f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s and
w it h f r e q u e n t r e v i e w o f o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d .

expected
a b ility to
receiv ed
operator

OR
W o r k s on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s (as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A) u nder c l o s e
d ir e c tio n o f a h igher le v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
May a s s i s t h igher
l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r b y in d e p e n d e n t l y p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d i f f i c u l t t a s k s a s s i g n e d ,
and p e r f o r m i n g m o r e d i f f i c u l t t a s k s u n d e r f a i r l y c l o s e d i r e c t i o n .

C la ss C .
W o r k s on rou tin e p r o g r a m s u n d er c l o s e s u p e r v is io n .
Is
to d e v e l o p w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f th e c o m p u t e r e q u i p m e n t u s e d and
d e t e c t p r o b l e m s i n v o l v e d in r u n n in g r o u t i n e p r o g r a m s .
U s u a l l y has
s o m e f o r m a l t r a i n i n g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t i o n . M a y a s s i s t h i g h e r l e v e l
on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .

DRAFTER
C lass A .
P l a n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p l e x i t e m s h a v in g
d i s t i n c t i v e d e s i g n f e a t u r e s th at d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t i n g
precedents.
W o r k s in c l o s e s u p p o r t w it h th e d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r , and m a y
r e co m m e n d m in o r design ch an ges.
A n a l y z e s th e e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e o n the
d e t a i l s o f f o r m , f u n c t i o n , and p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m p o n e n t s and p a r t s .
W o r k s w ith a m i n i m u m
of su p ervisory assistance.
C o m p le t e d w o r k is
r e v i e w e d b y d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g i n e e r i n g d e t e r ­
m inations.
M ay either p r e p a re draw in gs o r d ir e c t th eir p rep a ra tion by lo w e r
lev el d rafters.

M a y g u id e o r i n s t r u c t l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C lass C .
M akes p r a c tic a l application s o f p r o g ra m m in g p r a c tic e s
and c o n c e p t s u s u a l l y l e a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a i n i n g c o u r s e s .
A ssig n m e n ts are
d e s i g n e d t o d e v e l o p c o m p e t e n c e in th e a p p l i c a t i o n o f s t a n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s to
rou tin e p r o b l e m s . R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v is io n on new a s p e c t s o f a s sig n m e n t s ;
and w o r k i s r e v i e w e d t o v e r i f y it s a c c u r a c y and c o n f o r m a n c e w ith r e q u i r e d
procedures.




wage

follow s:

18

DRA F T E R — Continued

E L E C T R O N IC S TEC H N IC IAN — Continued

C lass B .
P e r f o r m s n o n r o u t i n e and c o m p l e x d r a f t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s
that r e q u i r e th e a p p l i c a t i o n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d i z e d d r a w i n g t e c h n i q u e s
reg u la rly used.
D uties t y p ic a lly in v o lv e such w o r k as:
P r e p a r e s w ork in g
d r a w i n g s o f s u b a s s e r t i b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s , m u l t i p l e f u n c t i o n s , and
p r e c is e p o sitio n a l re la tion sh ip s betw een co m p o n e n ts; p r e p a r e s a rch ite ctu r a l
d r a w i n g s f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a b u il d in g i n c l u d i n g d e t a i l d r a w i n g s o f f o u n ­
d a t i o n s , w a l l s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p l a n s , and r o o f .
U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s and
m a n u a l s in m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y c o m p u t a t i o n s t o d e t e r m i n e q u a n t i t i e s o f
m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s , s t r e s s e s , e t c .
R eceiv es
i n i t i a l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , and a d v i c e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C om pleted
w o r k is c h e ck e d f o r te c h n ica l adequacy.

T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c lu d e s r e p a i r e r s o f such standard e l e c t r o n i c
e q u i p m e n t a s c o m m o n o f f i c e m a c h i n e s and h o u s e h o l d r a d i o and t e l e v i s i o n
s e t s ; p r o d u c t i o n a s s e m b l e r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y du ty i s
s e r v i c i n g e l e c t r o n i c t e s t i n s t r u m e n t s ; t e c h n i c i a n s w h o h av e a d m i n i s t r a t i v e
o r s u p e r v i s o r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s i g n e r s , and p r o f e s s i o n a l
en gin eers.
P osition s
d efin ition s.

are

cla ssified

in to

levels

on

th e

b a s i s o f the f o l l o w i n g

C l a s s A . A p p l i e s a d v a n c e d t e c h n i c a l k n o w l e d g e to s o l v e u n u s u a lly
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , t h o s e th a t t y p i c a l l y c a n n o t be s o l v e d s o l e l y b y r e f e r ­
e n c e to m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a l s o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k i n g on e l e c ­
t r o n ic equip m en t.
E x a m p l e s o f s u c h p r o b l e m s i n c l u d e l o c a t i o n and d e n s i t y o f
c i r c u i t r y , e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c r a d i a t i o n , i s o l a t i n g m a l f u n c t i o n s , and f r e q u e n t
en gin eerin g ch a n ges.
W ork in v olv es:
A d e t a i l e d u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f th e i n t e r ­
r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s ' ; e x e r c i s i n g i n d e p e n d e n t j u d g m e n t in p e r f o r m i n g s u c h
t a s k s as m a k i n g c i r c u i t a n a l y s e s , c a l c u l a t i n g w a v e f o r m s , t r a c i n g r e l a t i o n ­
s h i p s in s i g n a l f l o w ; and r e g u l a r l y u s i n g c o m p l e x t e s t i n s t r u m e n t s ( e . g . , d u a l
tr a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , deviation m e t e r s , pulse g e n e r a to r s ).

C la ss C .
P r e p a r e s d e t a i l d r a w i n g s o f s i n g l e u nits o r p a r t s f o r
en gin eerin g, co n stru ctio n , m an ufactu rin g, o r re p a ir p u rp o s e s .
Types of
d r aw in g s p r e p a r e d in clu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o je c t io n s (depictin g th re e d im e n s io n s
in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) and s e c t i o n a l v i e w s to c l a r i f y p o s i t i o n i n g o f c o m p o n e n t s
and c o n v e y n e e d e d i n f o r m a t i o n .
C o n so lid a te s details fr o m a n u m ber of
s o u r c e s and a d j u s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e as r e q u i r e d .
Suggested m eth od s o f
a p p r o a c h , a p p l i c a b l e p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v i c e o n s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n
w ith i n i t i a l a s s i g n m e n t s .
In stru c tio n s a re l e s s c o m p le te when a s sig n m e n ts
recur.
W o rk m a y be s p o t -c h e c k e d d uring p r o g r e s s .

W o r k m a y b e r e v i e w e d b y s u p e r v i s o r ( f r e q u e n t l y an e n g i n e e r o r
d e s i g n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p l i a n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s .
May p rovid e
t e c h n i c a l g u i d a n c e to l o w e r l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n s .

D R A F T E R -T R A C E R

C la s s B.
A p p l i e s c o m p r e h e n s i v e t e c h n i c a l k n o w l e d g e to s o l v e c o m ­
p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , t h o s e th at t y p i c a l l y c a n be s o l v e d s o l e l y b y p r o p e r l y
i n t e r p r e t i n g m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a l s o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k i n g on
e le c t r o n ic equipm ent.
W ork in v olv es:
A f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e i n t e r r e l a t i o n ­
s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; and j u d g m e n t in d e t e r m i n i n g w o r k s e q u e n c e and in s e l e c t i n g
t o o l s and t e s t i n g i n s t r u m e n t s , u s u a l l y l e s s c o m p l e x th an t h o s e u s e d b y the
c la s s A techn ician.

C o p i e s p la n s and d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c i n g t r a c i n g
c l o t h o r p a p e r o v e r d r a w i n g s and t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l .
( D o e s not
i n c l u d e t r a c i n g l i m i t e d to p la n s p r i m a r i l y c o n s i s t i n g o f s t r a i g h t l i n e s and a
l a r g e s c a l e not r e q u i r i n g c l o s e d e l i n e a t i o n . )
A N D /O R

R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l g u i d a n c e , as r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h i g h e r
l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n , and w o r k i s r e v i e w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p l i a n c e w ith a c c e p t e d
p r a c t i c e s and w o r k a s s i g n m e n t s .
M a y p r o v i d e t e c h n i c a l g u i d a n c e to l o w e r
le v e l tech n icia n s.

P r e p a r e s sim p le o r repetitive draw in gs of e a sily v is u a lize d ite m s .
W o r k i s c l o s e l y s u p e r v i s e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .

E L E C T R O N IC S TECHNICIAN
C l a s s C . A p p l i e s w o r k i n g t e c h n i c a l k n o w l e d g e to p e r f o r m s i m p l e o r
r o u t i n e t a s k s in w o r k i n g on e l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t , f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c ­
t i o n s w h i c h c o v e r v i r t u a l l y a ll p r o c e d u r e s .
W ork ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s such
tasks as:
A s s i s t i n g h i g h e r l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n s b y p e r f o r m i n g s u c h a c t i v i t i e s as
r e p l a c i n g c o m p o n e n t s , w i r i n g c i r c u i t s , and t a k in g t e s t r e a d i n g s ; r e p a i r i n g
s i m p l e e l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t ; and u s i n g t o o l s and c o m m o n t e s t i n s t r u m e n t s
( e . g . , m u l t i m e t e r s , a u d io s i g n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tu b e t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) .
Is n ot r e q u i r e d t o b e f a m i l i a r w ith th e i n t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s .
T h is
k n o w l e d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y b e a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a s s i g n m e n t s d e s i g n e d to
i n c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e ( in c l u d i n g c l a s s r o o m
training)
so th at w o r k e r c a n
a d v a n c e to h i g h e r l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n .

W o r k s o n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t and r e l a t e d d e v i c e s
b y p e r f o r m i n g o n e o r a c o m b i n a t i o n o f the f o l l o w i n g :
In stalling, m ain tain in g,
r e p a i r i n g , o v e r h a u l i n g , t r o u b l e s h o o t i n g , m o d i f y i n g , c o n s t r u c t i n g , and t e s t i n g .
W o rk r e q u ir e s p r a c t ic a l app lication o f t e c h n ic a l k n ow led ge o f e l e c t r o n i c s
p r i n c i p l e s , a b i l i t y to d e t e r m i n e m a l f u n c t i o n s , and s k i l l t o put e q u i p m e n t in
r e q u ir e d operating condition.

T h e e q u i p m e n t — c o n s i s t i n g o f e i t h e r m a n y d i f f e r e n t k in d s o f c i r c u i t s
o r m u l t i p l e r e p e t i t i o n o f the s a m e kin d o f c i r c u i t
i n c l u d e s , but i s not l i m i t e d
t o , the f o l l o w i n g :
(a) E l e c t r o n i c t r a n s m i t t i n g and r e c e i v i n g e q u i p m e n t ( e . g . ,
r a d a r , r a d i o , t e l e v i s i o n , t e l e p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v i g a t i o n a l a i d s ) , (b) d i g i t a l and
a n a l o g c o m p u t e r s , and (c ) i n d u s t r i a l and m e d i c a l m e a s u r i n g and c o n t r o l l i n g
equip m en t.




R e c e i v e s te c h n ic a l gu id a n ce, as r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h igher
le v e l techn ician.
W o r k i s t y p i c a l l y s p o t c h e c k e d , but i s g iv e n d e t a i l e d r e v i e w
when n ew o r advanced a ssign m e n ts are in volved.

19

R E G IS T E R E D IN D U S T R IA L NURSE

R E G I S T E R E D I N D U S T R I A L N U R S E ---- C o n t in u e d

A r e g is t e r e d n u rse who g iv e s n ursin g s e r v i c e under g e n e r a l m e d ic a l
d i r e c t i o n to i l l o r i n j u r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r
s u f f e r an a c c i d e n t o n th e p r e m i s e s o f a f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
D u t i e s i n v o l v e a c o m b i n a t i o n o f the f o l l o w i n g : G i v i n g f i r s t a id to the i l l o r
i n j u r e d ; a tt e n d in g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p i n g
r e c o r d s o f p a t ie n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c i d e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t i o n o r

o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t i o n s and h e a lt h e v a l u a t i o n s o f
a p p l i c a n t s and e m p l o y e e s ; and p la n n in g and c a r r y i n g out p r o g r a m s i n v o l v i n g
h e a lt h e d u c a t i o n , a c c i d e n t p r e v e n t i o n , e v a l u a t i o n o f pla n t e n v i r o n m e n t , o r
o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g the h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , and s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .
N u r s i n g s u p e r v i s o r s o r h e a d n u r s e s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e th an
one n u rse are exclu ded .

M A IN TEN A N C E , TO OLROOM , A N D PO W ERPLANT
M AIN TEN AN CE C A R P E N T E R

M A IN T E N A N C E M ACHINIST

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u t i e s n e c e s s a r y t o c o n s t r u c t and m a i n t a i n
in g o o d r e p a i r b u i l d i n g w o o d w o r k and e q u i p m e n t s u c h a s b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s ,
b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d
in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g and
l a y in g ou t o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ;
u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r ' s h a n d t o o l s , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , and s t a n d a r d
m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to d i m e n ­
s i o n s o f w o r k ; and s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s s a r y f o r th e w o r k .
In g e n e r a l ,
t h e w o r k o f th e m a i n t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i ­
e n ce u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r eq uiva lent tr a in in g
and e x p e r i e n c e .

P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t s and n e w p a r t s in m a k i n g r e p a i r s o f
m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n i c a l e q u i p m e n t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W ork
i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ;
I n t e r p r e t i n g w r i t t e n i n s t r u c t i o n s and s p e c i ­
f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g and la y i n g out o f w o r k ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t ' s
h a n d t o o l s and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g up and o p e r a t i n g
s t a n d a r d m a c h i n e t o o l s ; s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k i n g
stan dard shop c o m p u ta tio n s re la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , to o lin g , f e e d s ,
and s p e e d s o f m a c h i n i n g ; k n o w l e d g e o f th e w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f th e c o m m o n
m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , and e q u i p m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r th is
w o r k ; and fitt in g and a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n i c a l e q u i p m e n t . In g e n e r a l ,
th e m a c h i n i s t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p
p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r eq uiva lent
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M AIN TEN AN CE E L E C T R IC IA N
M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e f u n c t i o n s s u ch a s th e i n s t a l ­
l a t i o n , m a i n t e n a n c e , o r r e p a i r o f e q u i p m e n t f o r the g e n e r a t i o n , d i s t r i b u t i o n ,
o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W ork in volves m o s t
o f th e f o l l o w i n g : I n s t a l l i n g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u i p ­
m en t such as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w itc h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c ir c u it
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e a t in g u n it s , c o n d u i t s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n
equipm en t; w ork in g f r o m b lu e p rin ts, d r a w in g s, layou ts, o r oth er s p e c i f i ­
c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g and d i a g n o s i n g t r o u b l e in the e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u i p ­
m e n t ; w o r k i n g s t a n d a r d c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to lo a d r e q u i r e m e n t s o f w i r i n g
o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u i p m e n t ; and u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n ' s h a n d t o o l s and
m e a s u r i n g and t e s t i n g i n s t r u m e n t s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f the m a i n t e n a n c e
e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E M ECH AN IC (M otor V e h icle s )

M AIN T EN AN CE PA IN TE R

R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i l e s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ; E x a m i n i n g a u t o m o t i v e e q u i p ­
m e n t to d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u i p m e n t and p e r f o r m i n g
r e p a i r s th at i n v o l v e th e u s e o f s u c h h a n d t o o l s a s w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r i l l s ,
o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u i p m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n
o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r i n d i n g and a d j u s t i n g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g and
i n s t a l l i n g th e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c l e and m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t ­
m e n t s ; and a l i g n i n g w h e e l s , a d j u s t i n g b r a k e s and l i g h t s , o r t i g h t e n in g b o d y
bo-lts.
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f t h e m o t o r v e h i c l e m a i n t e n a n c e m e c h a n i c
r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

P a in t s and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , and f i x t u r e s o f an e s t a b ­
lish m en t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s the f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l e d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s
and t y p e s o f pain t r e q u i r e d f o r d i f f e r e n t a p p l i c a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r
p a in t in g b y r e m o v i n g o l d f i n i s h o r b y p l a c i n g putt y o r f i l l e r in n a i l h o l e s and
i n t e r s t i c e s ; and a p p l y i n g pain t w ith s p r a y gun o r b r u s h .
May m ix c o lo r s ,
o i l s , w h i t e l e a d , and o t h e r pain t i n g r e d i e n t s to o b t a in p r o p e r c o l o r o r
c o n s i s t e n c y . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a i n t e n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .




(M a c h in e r y )

R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l e q u i p m e n t o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
E x a m i n i n g m a c h i n e s and m e c h a n i c a l
e q u i p m e n t to d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s m a n t l i n g o r p a r t l y d i s m a n t l i n g
m a c h i n e s and p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th at m a i n l y i n v o l v e th e u s e o f h a n d t o o l s in
s c r a p i n g and f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w ith i t e m s
o b t a i n e d f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g th e p r o d u c t i o n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p a s t b y a
m a c h i n e s h o p o r s e n d in g the m a c h i n e t o a m a c h i n e s h o p f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ;
p r e p a r i n g w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s o r f o r th e p r o d u c t i o n o f
p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h i n e s h o p s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h i n e s ; and m a k i n g a l l
n e c e s s a r y adjustm ents fo r op e r a tio n .
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f a m a c h i n e r y
m ain ten a n ce m e c h a n ic
req u ires
r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y
a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i ­
ence.
E x c l u d e d f r o m t h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u tie s
i n v o l v e s e t t in g up o r a d j u s t i n g m a c h i n e s .

2 0

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M otor V e h ic le s)— Continued

M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R (T oo lroo m )

T h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s not i n c l u d e m e c h a n i c s w h o r e p a i r c u s t o m e r s '
v e h i c l e s in a u t o m o b i l e r e p a i r s h o p s .

S p e c i a l i z e s in the o p e r a t i o n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h i n e t o o l s ,
s u c h a s j i g b o r e r s , c y l i n d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s ; e n g in e l a t h e s ; o r m i l l i n g
m a c h i n e s , in the c o n s t r u c t i o n o f m a c h i n e - s h o p t o o l s , g a u g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s ,
or dies.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g and p e r f o r m i n g
d iffic u lt m a ch in in g o p e r a t io n s ; p r o c e s s i n g it e m s r e q u irin g c o m p lic a t e d setups
o r a hig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u ­
m e n t s ; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s , s p e e d s , t o o l i n g , and o p e r a t i o n s e q u e n c e ; and m a k i n g
n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s d u r i n g o p e r a t i o n to a c h i e v e r e q u i s i t e t o l e r a n c e s o r
d im en sion s.
M a y b e r e q u i r e d t o r e c o g n i z e w h e n t o o l s n e e d d r e s s i n g , to
d r e s s t o o l s , and to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o l a n t s and c u tt in g and l u b r i c a t i n g o i l s .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s ( t o o l r o o m )
in t o o l and d ie j o b b i n g s h o p s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

m a in t e n a n c e

p ip e f it t e r

I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r t y p e s o f p ip e and
p i p e f i t t i n g s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
Laying
out w o r k and m e a s u r i n g to l o c a t e p o s i t i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w i n g s o r o t h e r
w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u t t in g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e to c o r r e c t le n g t h s w ith
c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t i n g m a c h i n e s ; t h r e a d i n g
p ip e w ith s t o c k s and d i e s ; b e n d i n g p ip e b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n
m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g p i p e w ith c o u p l i n g s and f a s t e n i n g p ip e t o h a n g e r s ;
m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o p r e s s u r e s , f l o w , and s i z e o f
p i p e r e q u i r e d ; and m a k i n g s t a n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r f i n i s h e d p i p e s
m eet sp ecifica tion s.
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a i n t e n a n c e p i p e f i t t e r
r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
W orkers p rim a rily
e n g a g e d in i n s t a l l i n g and r e p a i r i n g b u i l d i n g s a n it a t io n o r h e a t in g s y s t e m s
are exclu ded .

T O O L A N D DIE M A K E R
C o n s t r u c t s and r e p a i r s m a c h i n e - s h o p t o o l s , g a u g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s
o r d i e s f o r f o r g i n g s , p u n c h i n g , and o t h e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W ork
i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g and l a y in g ou t w o r k a c c o r d i n g to
m o d e l s , b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , o r o t h e r o r a l and w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g
a v a r i e t y o f t o o l and d ie m a k e r ' s h a n d t o o l s and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u ­
m e n t s ; u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s and a l l o y s ;
s e t t i n g up and o p e r a t i n g o f m a c h i n e t o o l s and r e l a t e d e q u i p m e n t ; m a k i n g
n e c e s s a r y shop c o m p u ta tio n s re la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s ,
a nd t o o l i n g o f m a c h i n e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r i c a t i o n as
w e l l as o f f i n i s h e d t o o l s and d i e s t o a c h i e v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o r k i n g to
c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; fit t in g and a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s
and a l l o w a n c e s ; and s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r i a t e m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , and p r o c e s s e s .
In g e n e r a l , th e t o o l and d ie m a k e r ' s w o r k r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g in
m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m
p r a c t i c e u su a lly a cq u ir e d through a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M AIN TEN AN CE S H E E T -M E T A L W ORKER
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , and m a i n t a i n s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l
e q u i p m e n t and f i x t u r e s ( s u c h a s m a c h i n e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s ,
l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e t a l r o o f i n g ) o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g and l a y in g out a l l t y p e s o f
s h e e t -m e ta l m ain ten ance w o rk f r o m b lu ep rin ts, m o d e ls , o r oth er s p e c i f i ­
c a t i o n s ; s e tt in g up and o p e r a t i n g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k i n g
m a c h i n e s ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d t o o l s in c u t t in g , b e n d i n g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g ,
f it t in g , and a s s e m b l i n g ; and i n s t a l l i n g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u i r e d .
In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a i n t e n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M IL LW R IG H T

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , t o o l and d ie m a k e r s in
t o o l and d i e j o b b i n g s h o p s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

I n s t a l l s n e w m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u i p m e n t , and d i s m a n t l e s and
i n s t a l l s m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u i p m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s in the pla n t la y o u t a r e
requ ired .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g and l a y i n g out
w o r k ; in te r p r e tin g b lu ep rin ts o r oth e r s p e c if ic a t io n s ; usin g a v a r ie t y o f handt o o l s and r i g g i n g ; m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; a li g n i n g and b a l a n c i n g e q u i p ­
m e n t ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d t o o l s , e q u i p m e n t , and p a r t s to be u s e d ; and i n s t a l l i n g
and m a i n t a i n i n g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u i p m e n t s u c h as d r i v e s
and s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , the m i l l w r i g h t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a
r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e in the t r a d e a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

S T A T IO N A R Y ENGINEER
O p e r a t e s and m a i n t a i n s and ’m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e the o p e r a t i o n o f
s t a t i o n a r y e n g i n e s and e q u i p m e n t ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p p ly the
e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h i c h e m p l o y e d w ith p o w e r , h e a t , r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r con ditionin g.
W ork in v olv es:
O p e r a t i n g and m a i n t a i n i n g e q u i p m e n t s u c h as
ste a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , tu rb in e s, ventilating
and r e f r i g e r a t i n g e q u i p m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ;
m a k i n g e q u i p m e n t r e p a i r s ; and k e e p i n g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t i o n o f m a c h i n e r y ,
t e m p e r a t u r e , and f u e l c o n s u m p t i o n .
M ay a lso su p e rv ise these op e r a tio n s.
H e a d o r c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e th an o n e e n g i n e e r
a re exclu ded .

M A IN T EN AN CE TRA DE S H ELPE R
A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s , b y
p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c o r g e n e r a l d u t i e s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u c h as k e e p i n g a
w o r k e r s u p p l i e d w ith m a t e r i a l s and t o o l s ; c l e a n i n g w o r k i n g a r e a , m a c h i n e ,
and e q u i p m e n t ; a s s i s t i n g j o u r n e y m a n b y h o l d i n g m a t e r i a l s o r t o o l s ; and p e r ­
f o r m in g o th e r u n sk illed ta sk s as d ir e c t e d by jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e kin d o f w o r k
th e h e l p e r i s p e r m i t t e d t o p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e :
In s o m e
t r a d e s th e h e l p e r i s c o n f i n e d to s u p p l y i n g , l i f t i n g , and h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s and
t o o l s , and c l e a n i n g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; and in o t h e r s he i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m
s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th at a r e a l s o p e r f o r m e d
by w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .




BOILER TEN DE R
F ires
s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n i s h th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h i c h
e m p l o y e d w it h h e a t , p o w e r , o r
steam .
F e e d s f u e l s to f i r e b y hand o r
o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n i c a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; and c h e c k s w a t e r and
sa fety v a lv e s .
M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u i p m e n t .

21

M A TER IA L M O V E M E N T A N D CUSTODIAL
TRU CK DR IVER

W A R E H O U S E M A N — C o n t in u e d

D r i v e s a t r u c k w ith in a c i t y o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e ­
r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e , equipm en t, o r w o r k e r s betw een v a rio u s ty pes of e s ta b ­
lish m en ts such as:
M a n ufactu ring plants, fre ig h t d e p o ts , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e ­
s a l e and r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e t w e e n r e t a i l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and
custom ers
h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o l o a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith
o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s , m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p t r u c k in g o o d
w o r k i n g order.
S a l e s - r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s
are ex clu d ed .

E x c l u d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u t i e s i n v o l v e s h ip p in g and r e c e i v i n g
w o r k ( s e e Sh ipp in g and R e c e i v i n g C l e r k and S h ip p in g P a c k e r ) , o r d e r f i l l i n g
(se e O r d e r F il le r ), o r operating p o w e r tru ck s (s e e P o w e r - T r u c k O p e r a to r ).

ORDER FIL LE R
F il ls shipping o r t r a n s fe r o r d e r s f o r fin ish e d g o o d s f r o m s to r e d
m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r other in stru ctio n s .
M a y , in a d d it io n to f i l l i n g o r d e r s and i n d i ­
catin g it e m s f ille d o r o m itt e d , k eep r e c o r d s o f outgoing o r d e r s , re q u isitio n
a d d i t i o n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p l i e s t o s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m o t h e r
r e la te d d u ties.

F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e and
ty p e o f e q u i p m e n t , a s f o l l o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld b e r a t e d on th e b a s i s
o f tr a ile r ca pa city.)
T r u c k d r i v e r , ligh t t r u c k ( u n d e r I V 2 t o n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d i u m t r u c k (1 V2 to and i n c l u d i n g 4 t o n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h eavy tru ck (tra ile r) ( o v e r 4 tons)
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y t r u c k ( o t h e r than t r a i l e r ) ( o v e r 4 t o n s )

SHIPPING P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s fin ish e d p r o d u c ts f o r shipm en t o r s to r a g e by p lacin g them
in s h ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d b e i n g d e p e n d e n t upon
th e t y p e , s i z e , and n u m b e r o f unit s t o b e p a c k e d , th e t y p e o f c o n t a i n e d
e m p l o y e d , and m e t h o d o f s h i p m e n t .
W o r k r e q u i r e s th e p l a c i n g o f i t e m s in
s h ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s and m a y i n v o l v e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l e d g e
o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r t o v e r i f y c o n t e n t ; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e
t y p e and s i z e o f c o n t a i n e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r
o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g and s e a l i n g c o n ­
t a i n e r ; and a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r i n g i d e n t i f y i n g d a t a on c o n t a i n e r .
Packers
who a lso m ake w ooden b o x e s o r c r a t e s a re exclu ded.

SH I P P I N G A N D R E C E I V I N G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h i p m e n t , o r r e c e i v e s and i s r e s p o n s i b l e
fo r in co m in g shipm ents o f m e r c h a n d is e o r other m a t e r ia ls .
S h ipp ing w o r k
in v olv es:
A k n o w l e d g e o f s h ip p in g p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a i l a b l e
m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , and r a t e s ; and p r e p a r i n g r e c o r d s o f th e g o o d s
s h i p p e d , m a k i n g up b i l l s o f l a d in g , p o s t i n g w e i g h t and s h ip p in g c h a r g e s , and
k e e p i n g a f ile o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s .
M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g the
m e r c h a n d is e f o r ship m en t.
R eceiv in g w ork in v o lv e s :
V erifyin g o r d irectin g
o t h e r s in v e r i f y i n g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f s h i p m e n t s a g a in s t b i l l s o f la d i n g ,
i n v o i c e s , o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k i n g f o r s h o r t a g e s and r e j e c t i n g d a m a g e d
g o o d s ; r o u t in g m e r c h a n d i s e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; and m a i n ­
t a in in g n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and f i l e s .
F or wage

s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,

w orkers

are cla ssified

M A T E R I A L HANDLING L A B O R E R
A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g pla nt, s t o r e , o r
o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t w h o s e d u t i e s i n v o l v e o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g :
L o a d i n g and u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s and m e r c h a n d i s e on o r f r o m f r e i g h t
c a r s , tr u c k s , o r oth er tr a n s p o r t in g d e v i c e s ; u n pack in g, shelving, o r placin g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r
s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n ; and t r a n s p o r t i n g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d is e by handtruck, c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w .
Longshore
w o r k e r s , w h o l o a d and u n lo a d s h i p s , a r e e x c l u d e d .

as f o llo w s :

Sh ipp in g c l e r k
R eceiv in g cle rk
Sh ip p in g and r e c e i v i n g c l e r k

WAREHOUSEMAN
P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R
A s d i r e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f w a r e h o u s i n g d u t ie s w h i c h r e q u i r e
an u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f the e s t a b l i s h m e n t ' s s t o r a g e p l a n .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t
o f the f o l l o w i n g :
V e r ify in g m a t e r ia ls (o r m e r c h a n d is e ) against r e c e iv in g
d o c u m e n t s , n o t in g and r e p o r t i n g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and o b v i o u s d a m a g e s ; r o u t in g
m a t e r i a l s to p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n s ; s t o r i n g , s t a c k i n g , o r p a l l e t i z i n g
m a t e r i a l s in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m e t h o d s ; r e a r r a n g i n g and
t a k i n g in v en tory o f s to r e d m a t e r ia ls ; exam inin g stored m a t e r ia ls
and
r e p o r t i n g d e t e r i o r a t i o n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s t o r a g e and
p r e p a r i n g it f o r s h i p m e n t .
M a y o p e r a t e hand o r p o w e r t r u c k s in p e r f o r m i n g
w a re h o u s in g duties.




O p era tes a m a n u a lly c o n tr o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d truck
o r t r a c t o r t o t r a n s p o r t g o o d s and m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k in d s ab out a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t, o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t .

truck,

F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s
as fo llo w s :

are

cla ssified

F ork lift o p erator
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r ( o t h e r th an f o r k l i f t )

2 2

b y ty pe o f p o w e r -

G UARD A N D W A T C H M A N

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R

G uard.
P e r f o r m s r o u t i n e p o l i c e d u t i e s , e i t h e r at f i x e d p o s t o r on
to u r , m ain tain in g o r d e r , using a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
Includes
g u a r d s w h o a r e s t a t i o n e d at g a te and c h e c k o n i d e n t i t y o f e m p l o y e e s and
other p erson s en terin g.

C l e a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d i t i o n f a c t o r y w o r k i n g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l
o r oth er e sta b lish m en t.
D u t i e s i n v o l v e a c o m b i n a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
S w e e p i n g , m o p p i n g o r s c r u b b i n g , and p o l i s h i n g f l o o r s ; r e m o v i n g c h i p s , t r a s h ,
a nd o t h e r r e f u s e ; d u s t in g e q u i p m e n t , f u r n i t u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o l i s h i n g m e t a l
f i x t u r e s o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v i d i n g s u p p l i e s and m i n o r m a i n t e n a n c e s e r v i c e s ;
and c l e a n i n g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o rk e r s who s p e cia liz e
in w i n d o w w a s h i n g a r e e x c l u d e d .

W atchm an.
M akes rounds of p r e m is e s
p r o p e r t y a g a i n s t f i r e , t h e f t , and i l l e g a l e n t r y .




periodica lly

in

protecting

Available On RequestT h e fo llo w in g a r e a s ; .re s u r v e y e d p e r io d ic a l ly fo r u se in a d m in is t e r in g the S e r v i c e C o n tr a c t
a v a ila b le at no c o s t fr o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l o f f i c e s show n on the b a c k c o v e r .
A la s k a
A lb a n y , G a.
A lb u q u e r q u e , N. M ex .
A le x a n d r ia , L a.
A lp e n a , S ta n d ish , and T a w a s C it y , M ic h .
Ann A r b o r , M ich .
A s h e v i ll e , N .C .
A tla n tic C it y , N.J.
A u g u s ta , G a.—S .C .
B a k e r s f i e ld , C a lif.
B a ton R o u g e , L a.
B a ttle C r e e k , M ich .
B ea u m on t—P o r t A r t h u i^ O r a n g e , T e x .
B ilo x i— u lfp o r t and P a s c a g o u la , M is s .
G
B o is e C it y , Idaho
B r e m e r t o n , W ash.
B r id g e p o r t , N o r w a lk , and S t a m fo r d , C on n .
B r u n s w ic k , G a.
B u r lin g t o n , Vt.—N. Y.
C ape C od , M ass.
C e d a r R a p id s , Iow a
C h a m p a ig n —U rbana— a n to u l, 111.
R
C h a r le s t o n , S .C .
C h a r lo t t e — a s to n ia , N .C .
G
C h e y e n n e , W yo.
C l a r k s v il le —H o p k in s v ille , T en n .— y.
K
C o l o r a d o S p r in g s , C o lo .
C o lu m b ia , S.C .
C o lu m b u s , G a.— la .
A
C o lu m b u s , M is s .
C r a n e , Ind.
D e c a t u r , 111.
D e s M o in e s , Iow a
D othan, A la .
Duluth—S u p e r io r , M in n .—W is.
E l P a s o , T e x ., and A la m o g o r d o —L as C r u c e s , N. M ex .
E u g en e—S p r in g fie ld , O r e g .
F a y e t t e v il le , N .C .
F it c h b u r g —L e o m in s t e r , M a s s .
F o r t S m ith , A r k .—O k la .
F o r t W a yn e, Ind.
F r e d e r i c k — a g e r s t o w n , M d .— h a m b e r s b u r g , P a .—
H
C
M a r t in s b u r g , W . V a .
G a d sd e n and A n n is t o n , A la .
G o ld s b o r o , N .C .
G ra n d Isla n d —H a s tin g s , N eb r.
G r e a t F a l ls , M on t.
G uam , T e r r it o r y o f
H a r r is b u r g —L eb a n o n , P a.
H untington— s h la n d , W. V a .— y.— h io
A
K
O
K n o x v ille , T en n .
L a C r o s s e , W is.
L a red o, T ex.
L a s V e g a s , N ev.
L a w ton , O k la .
L im a , O h io
L ittle R o c k ^ N o rth L ittle R o c k , A r k .

A ct

of

1965.

S u rv e y r e s u lt s a r e p u b lis h e d

in r e l e a s e s w h ic h ,

w h ile su p p lie s

la s t ,

a. e o r w ill

be

L o g a n s p o r t—P e r u , Ind.
L o ra in —E l y r ia , O h io
L o w e r E a s t e r n S h o r e , M d.—V a .—D e l.
L y n c h b u rg , V a.
M a c o n , G a.
M a d is o n , W is.
M a n s fie ld , O h io
M a rq u e tte , E s c a n a b a , Sault Ste. M a r ie , M ic h .
M c A lle n —P h a r i^ -E d in b u rg and B r o w n s v ille —
H a rlin g e n —San B e n it o , T e x .
M e d fo r d — la m a th F a lls —G ra n ts P a s s , O r e g .
K
M e r id ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , M on m ou th , and O cea n C o s ., N .J .
M o b ile and P e n s a c o l a , A la .—F la .
M o n t g o m e r y , A la .
N a s h v ille —D a v id s o n , T en n .
N ew B ern —J a c k s o n v ille , N .C .
N ew L ondon—N o r w ic h , C on n .—R .I.
N orth D a k o ta , State o f
O r la n d o , F la .
O xn a rd —S im i V a lle y —V e n tu r a , C a lif.
P a n a m a C it y , F la .
P a r k e r sb u rg —M a r ie t t a , W. V a .— hio
O
P e o r i a , 111.
P h o e n ix , A r iz .
P in e B lu ff, A r k .
P o c a t e ll o —
Idaho F a l l s , Idaho
P o r t s m o u t h , N .H .—M ain e—M a s s .
P u e b lo , C o lo .
P u e r t o R ic o
R e n o , N ev.
R ich la n d — en n e w ic k —W a lla W alla—
K
P e n d le t o n , W a sh .—O r e g .
R i v e r s id e —San B e r n a r d in o —O n t a r io , C a lif.
S a lin a , K a n s .
S a lin a s—S e a s id e —M o n t e r e y , C a lif.
S a n du sk y, O h io
Santa B a r b a r a —Santa M a r ia —L o m p o c , C a lif.
Savannah, G a.
S e lm a , A la .
S h erm a n —D e n is o n , T e x .
S h r e v e p o r t , La.
S iou x F a l ls , S. D ak .
S p ok a n e, W ash.
S p r in g fie ld , 111.
S p r in g fie ld — h ic o p e e —H o ly o k e , M a s s .—C on n .
C
S to ck to n , C a lif.
T a c o m a , W a sh .
T am p a —St. P e t e r s b u r g , F la .
T o p e k a , K a n s.
T u c s o n , A r iz .
T u ls a , O k la .
V a ll e jo —F a i r f i e ld —N apa, C a lif.
W a co and K ille e n —T e m p le , T e x .
W a t e r lo o — e d a r F a l l s , Iow a
C
W est T e x a s P la in s
W ilm in g to n , D e l.—N .J .—M d.

A n an n u al r e p o r t on s a la r i e s f o r a c c o u n ta n t s , a u d i t o r s , c h ie f a c c o u n ta n t s , a t t o r n e y s , jo b a n a ly s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l , b u y e r s , c h e m i s t s , e n g in e e r s , e n g in e e r in g t e c h n ic ia n s , d r a f t e r s , and
O r d e r a s B L S B u lle tin 1 8 9 1 , N a tion a l S u rv e y o f P r o f e s s io n a l , A d m in is t r a t iv e , T e c h n i c a l, and C l e r i c a l P a y , M a r c h 1 9 7 5 . $ 1 .4 0 a c o p y , f r o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l s a le s
c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s i s a v a ila b le
o f f i c e s show n on th e b a c k c o v e r , o r fr o m th e S u p erin ten d en t o f D o cu m e n ts , U .S. G o v e r n m e n t P r in tin g O f f i c e , W a sh in g ton , D .C . 2 0 4 0 2 .




Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t o f th e la t e s t a v a i la b l e b u lle t in s o r b u lle t in s u p p le m e n t s is p r e s e n t e d b e lo w .
A d i r e c t o r y o f a r e a w a g e s t u d i e s i n c l u d i n g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c t e d a t th e r e q u e s t o f th e E m p l o y m e n t
S ta n d a r d s A d m in is t r a t io n o f th e D e p a r tm e n t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t.
B u l l e t i n s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m a n y o f th e B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s s h o w n o n t h e b a c k c o v e r .
B t il le t in s u p p l e m e n t s m a y b e
o b t a i n e d w it h o u t c o s t , w h e r e i n d i c a t e d , f r o m B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s .

A rea

B u ll e t in n u m b e r
and p r ic e *

A k r o n , O h io, D e c . 1 9 7 5 _____________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -8 0 , 45 ce n ts
A lb a n y — ch e n e cta d y —T r o y , N .Y ., Sept. 1975 1___________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 3 , $ 1 .2 0
S
A n a h e im —
Santa A na—G a r d e n G r o v e , C a lif., O ct. 1 9 7 5 1________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -7 5 , 85 ce n ts
A tla n ta , G a ., M ay 1975 1 ___________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 5 , $ 1 .0 0
A u s tin , T e x ., D e c . 1975 1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1 8 5 0 -8 3 , 75 ce n ts
B a lt im o r e , M d ., A u g . 1 9 7 5 1 ______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 2 , $ 1 .3 0
B illin g s , M o n t., J u ly 1 9 7 5 _________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 6 , 65 ce n ts
B in g h a m ton , N .Y .—P a ., J u ly 1975 ________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 0 , 65 ce n ts
B ir m in g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1976 1____________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -1 1 , 95 ce n ts
B o s to n , M a s s ., A u g . 1975 1________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 8 , $ 1 .5 0
B u ffa lo , N .Y ., O ct. 1 9 7 5 1____________________________________ _____________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 9 , 95 ce n ts
C a n ton , O h io, M a y 1 9 7 5 ____________________________________________________________________Suppl.
F ree
C h a tta n oog a , T en n .—G a ., Sept. 1975 1____________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 7 , 85 ce n ts
C h ic a g o , 111., M ay 197 5 ____________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 3, 85 cen ts
C in cin n a ti, O hio—K y.—I n d ., M a r. 1 9 7 6 --- -------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 9 0 0 -7 , 75 ce n ts
C le v e la n d , O h io, Sept. 1 9 7 5 _______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 4 , $ 1 .3 0
C o lu m b u s , O h io, O c t . 1975 1_________________________________ ______________________________ 1 8 5 0 -7 8 , 95 ce n ts
C o r p u s C h r is t i, T e x . , J u ly 1 9 7 5 __________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 7 , 65 cen ts
D a lla s —F o r t W o rth , T e x . , O ct. 1 9 7 5 '___________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 9 , $ 1 .5 0
D a v e n p o rt—R o c k Islan d—M o lin e , Iow a—
111., F e b . 1 9 7 5 _________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
D ay ton , O h io, D e c . 1975------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -7 3 , 45 ce n ts
D ayton a B e a ch , F l a . , A u g . 1975----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -4 7 , 65 ce n ts
D e n v e r—B o u ld e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 9 7 5 _______________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -8 2 , 75 ce n ts
D e t r o it , M ic h ., M a r . 1 9 7 6 1________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -1 5 , $ 1 .2 5
F o r t L a u d e rd a le —H o lly w o o d and W est P a lm B ea ch —
B o c a R aton, F l a . , A p r . 1975 1 ___________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 6 , 80 ce n ts
F r e s n o , C a l i f . , June 1975 1________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 1 , $ 1 .2 0
G a in e s v ille , F l a . , Sept. 1975 _____________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 7 , $ 1 .1 0
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u ly 1975 1 _____________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 4 , 80 cen ts
G r e e n s b o r o — in s t o n -S a le m —H igh P o in t, N .C ., A ug. 197 5 ____________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 9 , 65 ce n ts
W
G r e e n v ille —S p a rta n b u rg , S .C ., June 1975 _______________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 2 , 65 cen ts
H a r t fo r d , C o n n ., M a r . 1 9 7 6 _______________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 14, 55 ce n ts
H ou ston , T e x . , A p r . 1 9 7 5 __________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
H u n ts v ille , A l a . , F e b . 1976---------------------------------------- --------------------------------------------------------- 1 9 0 0 -1 7 , 55 ce n ts
I n d ia n a p o lis , I n d ., O ct. 1975 1 ____________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 6 , 95 ce n ts
J a c k s o n , M i s s ., F e b . 1976_.=____________________________________ __________________________ 1 9 0 0 -8 , 55 cen ts
J a c k s o n v ille , F l a . , D e c . 1975______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -8 1 , 45 ce n ts
K a n sa s C ity, M o .—K a n s ., Sept. 197 5 _____________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 5 , 80 cen ts
L e x in g to n —F a y e tte , K y ., N ov . 1975 1_____________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -8 4 , 75 cen ts
L o s A n g e le s —L on g B e a ch , C a l i f . , O ct. 1975 1 ----------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -8 6 , $ 1 .1 5
L o u i s v i l l e , K y.— n d ., N o v . 1975___________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -7 9 , 45 cen ts
I
M e lb o u rn e —T it u s v ille —C o c o a , F l a . , A u g . 1 9 7 5 __________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 54, 65 ce n ts
M e m p h is , T en n .— r k .—M i s s ., N o v . 1975_________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -8 5 , 45 ce n ts
A
* Prices are determined by the Government Printing O ffice and are subject to change.
1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
2 T o be surveyed.




A rea

B u ll e t in n u m b e r
and p r ic e *

M ia m i, F l a . , O ct. 1975______________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -7 6 ,
M ilw a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1975 1______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 1 ,
M in n e a p o lis —St. P a u l, M in n .—W is ., J an . 1 9 7 6 __ _________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -3 ,
N a ssau — u ffo lk , N .Y ., June 1975 1_________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 9 ,
S
N ew a rk , N .J ., J an. 1976_____________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -1 0 ,
N ew O r l e a n s , L a ., J an. 19 76________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -2 ,
N ew Y o r k , N .Y .- N .J ., M a y 1975 1 _________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 5 ,
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B ea ch —P o r t s m ou th , V a .-N . C .,. M ay 197 5 ___________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 9,
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B e a ch —P o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o rt N ew s—
H am pton , V a .—N .C ., M a y 197 5 ___________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 0 ,
N o r th e a s t P e n n s y lv a n ia , A u g . 1975 _______________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 2 ,
O k la h om a C ity , Ok l a . , A u g . 1 9 7 5 __________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 1 ,
O m ah a , N e b r .—Iow a, O ct. 1 9 7 5 _____________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 6 ,
P a t e r s o n —C lifto n —P a s s a ic , N .J ., June 1975 1__________________________ ____ ______ _______ 1 8 5 0 -3 8 ,
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .—N .J ., N ov. 197 5 ____________________ _________________________ ______ ____ 1 8 5 0 -6 5 ,
P itts b u rg h , P a . , J an. 19 76 1________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -1 ,
P o r t la n d , M a in e , N ov. 197 5_________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -7 2 ,
P o r t la n d , O r e g .— as h ., M a y 1975 ________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 0 ,
W
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N .Y ., J une 1 9 7 5 1 ___________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -7 0 ,
P o u g h k e e p s ie —K in g ston — ew b u rg h , N. Y ., June 1 97 5 1 __________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 8 ,
N
P r o v id e n c e —W a rw ic k —P a w tu ck et, R .I ., —M a s s . , June 1975 ____________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 7 ,
R a le ig h -D u r h a m , N. C ., F e b . 197 5 ________________________________________________________ Suppl.
R ich m o n d , V a ., June 1 9 7 5 __________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 1 ,
St. L o u is , M o .—111., M a r. 197 5 _____________________________________________________________Suppl.
S a c r a m e n t o , C a l i f . , D e c . 1975_________ ____ ________________________________ , .......................... 1 8 5 0 -8 7 ,
S a gin a w , M i c h ., N ov. 197 5__________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -7 1 ,
S alt L ak e City—O gd en, Utah, N ov. 1 975 1 _________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -7 4 ,
San A n to n io , T e x . , M a y 1975 ______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 3 ,
San D ie g o , C a l i f . , N ov. 1975_______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -7 7 ,
San F r a n c i s c o — ak land, C a l i f . , M a r . 1976_______________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -9 ,
O
San J o s e , C a l i f . , M a r. 1 9 7 6 ________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 13,
S ea ttle—E v e re t t , W a s h ., J an. 1 9 7 6 ________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -6 ,
South B e n d , I n d ., M a r . 1976________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -5 ,
S ta m fo r d , C onn. 1 2 __________________________________________________________________________
S y r a c u s e , N. Y . , Ju ly 197 5 __________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 3 ,
T o le d o , O h io— i c h ., M ay 1975 1 ___________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 4 ,
M
T re n to n , N .J ., Sept. 1975 1 _____________________________ _______________________ ____________ 1 8 5 0 -6 0 ,
U tica ^ R o m e , N .Y ., Ju ly 1975 1 ___________________ ____ ____________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 8 ,
W a sh in g ton , D .C .—M d.—V a ., M a r . 1976____________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -1 2 ,
W e s t c h e s t e r C ou n ty, N. Y . , M a y 1975 1____________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 3 ,
W ich ita , K a n s ., A p r . 1 9 7 5 __________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , A p r. 1976_______________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -1 6 ,
Y o r k , P a ., F e b . 1 9 7 6 ___________________________________ _________ _____ _____________________ 1 9 0 0 -4 ,

95 ce n ts
85 ce n ts
95 ce n ts
$ 1.00
85 ce n ts
75 ce n ts
$ 1.10
6 5 ce n ts
65 ce n ts
65 ce n ts
6 5 ce n ts
$ 1 .1 0
89 c e n t s
85 ce n ts
$ 1 .1 5
45 ce n ts
7 5 ce n ts
65 c e n t s
75 c e n t s
75 ce n ts
F ree
65 c e n t s
F ree
45 ce n ts
35 c e n t s
75 ce n ts
65 c e n ts
45 ce n ts
95 ce n ts
65 ce n ts
65 cen ts
55 cen ts
65 ce n ts
80 ce n ts
$ 1 .2 0
80 ce n ts
85 ce n ts
80 ce n ts
F ree
55 cen ts
55 cen ts

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region II
- Region I
1603 JFK Federal Building
Suite 3400
1515 Broadway
Government Center
New York, N.Y. 10036
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Region III
3535 Market Street,
P.O. Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 597-1154 (Area Cade 215)
Delaware
D istrict of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St., N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)
Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
M ississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Regions IX and X
Regions VII and V III
Region V
Region VI
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Federal Office Building
9th Floor, 230 S. Dearborn St.
Second Floor
Box 36017
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
555 Griffin Square Building
Chicago, III. 60604
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
Illin o is
IX
X
VII
V III
Indiana
Arkansas
Arizona
Alaska
Iowa
Colorado
Michigan
Louisiana
C alifornia
Idaho
Kansas
Montana
New Mexico
Minnesota
Hawaii
Oregon
Missouri
North Dakota
Oklahoma
Ohio
Nevada
Washington
Nebraska
South Dakota
Texas
W isconsin
Utah
Wyoming





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102