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■ J

■

^T IA WAGE SURVEY
r
Jacksonville, Florida, Metropolitan Area
December 1975
B u lle tin 1 8 5 0 -8 1




cF

A
# '

V

^
as

v

d

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U S. D EPA R TM EN T OF LABOR
_
Bureau of Labor Statistics




Preface
T h i s b u lle tin p r o v i d e s re s u lt s o f a D e c e m b e r 1975 s u r v e y o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n i n g s
in the J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l o r i d a , Standard M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a ( B a k e r , C l a y , D uval,
N a s s a u , and St. Johns C o u n tie s).
T h e s u r v e y w a s m a d e as p a r t o f the B u r e a u o f L a b o r
S t a t i s t i c s ' annual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m .
T h e p r o g r a m i s d e s i g n e d to y i e l d data f o r
in d i v i d u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s , as w e l l as nation al and r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s f o r a l l Standard
M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s in the United St ate s, e x c l u d i n g A l a s k a and H a w a i i .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m i s the need to d e s c r i b e the
l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s , th ro u g h the a n a l y s i s o f (1) the
l e v e l and d is trib u tio n o f w a g e s by occupation, and (2) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s by o c c u p a tio n a l
c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l .
The p r o g r a m d e v e l o p s i n f o r m a t i o n that m a y be used f o r m a n y
p u r p o s e s , inc lud in g w a g e and s a l a r y a d m in is tr a tio n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g , and a s s i s t a n c e in
d e t e r m i n i n g plant loc a t io n .
Su rvey r e s u lt s also a r e used by the U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r
to m a k e w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n s under the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t o f 1965.
C u r r e n t l y , 83 a r e a s a r e included in the p r o g r a m .
(S e e l i s t o f a r e a s on i n s i d e bac k
cover.)
In eac h a r e a , oc c u p atio n al e a r n in g s data a r e c o l l e c t e d annually.
I n f o r m a t i o n on
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and su p p lem e n ta ry w a g e b e n e f i t s i s ob ta ined e v e r y t h i r d y e a r .
E a c h y e a r a f t e r a l l ind iv id u al a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s h a ve b e e n c o m p l e t e d , tw o s u m m a r y
b u lle tin s a r e i s s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b r i n g s t o g e t h e r data f o r e a c h m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s u r v e y e d .
T h e second s u m m a r y b ulle tin p r e s e n t s na tion al and r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s , p r o j e c t e d f r o m
in d i v i d u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a data.
T h e J a c k s o n v i l l e s u r v e y was con du cted b y the B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in A tla n ta ,
G a., un der the g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f J e r r y G. A d a m s , A s s i s t a n t R e g i o n a l C o m m i s s i o n e r f o r
O p e r a t io n s .
T h e s u r v e y could not have been a c c o m p l i s h e d wit h ou t the c o o p e r a t i o n o f the
m a n y f i r m s wh os e w ag e and s a l a r y data p r o v i d e d the b a s i s f o r the s t a t i s t i c a l i n f o r m a t i o n in
th is b ulletin. T h e B u re a u w is h e s to e x p r e s s s i n c e r e a p p r e c i a t i o n f o r the c o o p e r a t i o n r e c e i v e d .

Note:
A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on occupational e a r n in g s in the J a c k s o n v i l l e a r e a is a v a i l a b l e f o r
the lau n d ry and d r y c le an in g ind u s try .
A l s o a v a i l a b l e a r e l i s t i n g s o f union w a g e r a t e s
f o r building t r a d e s , p rin tin g t r a d e s , l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t i n g e m p l o y e e s , l o c a l t r u c k d r i v e r s
and h e l p e r s , and g r o c e r y s tore e m p l o y e e s .
F r e e c o p i e s o f t h e s e a r e a v a i l a b l e f r o m the
B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s .
(See back c o v e r f o r a d d r e s s e s . )

A R EA W A G E S U R VE Y

Bulletin 1850-81
April 1976

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, W. J. Usery, Jr., Secretary
BUREAU Of LABOR STATISTICS, Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

Jacksonville, Florida, M etropolitan A rea, Decem ber 1975
CONTENTS

Page

I n tr od u c tio n .

.

2

T ab les:
A.

A ppendix A .
A p p e n d i x B.




Scope and m ethod o f s u r v e y _________________________________________________________________________________________________________
O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________

For sale by the Superintendent o f Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffic e, Washington, D. C. 20402, GPO Bookstores, or
BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover. Price 45 cents. Make checks payable to Superintendent o f Documents.

m in so r— oo O'

E arnings:
A - l . W e e k l y e a r n in g s o f o f f i c e w o r k e r s _______________________________________________________________________________________
A - 2 . W e e k l y e a r n in g s o f p r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n i c a l w o r k e r s ______________________________________________________________
A - 3 . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n in g s o f o f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l w o r k e r s , by s e x _______________________________
A - 4 . H o u r l y e a r n in g s o f m ainte nance and p o w e r p la n t w o r k e r s _____________________________________________________________
A - 5 . H o u r l y e a r n in g s o f cu s tod ia l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t w o r k e r s ______________________________________________________
A - 6 . A v e r a g e h o u rly e a r n in g s of m ain te n an c e , p o w e r p la n t, c u s to d ia l, and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t w o r k e r s , by sex
A-l. P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s in a v e r a g e hour ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s , ad juste d f o r e m p l o y m e n t shifts —

10
11
13

Introduction
and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t .
In the 31 l a r g e s t s u r v e y a r e a s , t a b le s A - l a
th ro ugh A - 6 a p r o v i d e s i m i l a r data f o r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g 500
w o rk e rs or m ore.

T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 83 in wh ic h the U.S. D e p a rt m e n t of L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s conducts s u r v e y s of oc c u p atio n al e a r n in g s and
r e l a t e d b e n e f its on an a r e a w i d e b a s i s .
In this a r e a , data w e r e o b ­
ta in e d by a c o m b in a tio n o f p e r s o n a l v i s i t , m a i l q u e s ti o n n a i r e , and
te le p h on e i n t e r v i e w .
R e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s ta b l i s h m e n ts within s ix b r o a d
in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s w e r e con tac te d : M a n u fa ctu rin g; tr a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m ­
m unicatio n, and oth e r o t h e r p ublic u t i l i t ie s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l
tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s . M a j o r in d u s try
g ro u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e studies a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a tio n s and
the c o n stru c tio n and e x t r a c t i v e in d u s t r i e s . E s ta b l i s h m e n ts ha ving f e w e r
than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d b e ca u s e o f in s u ffic ie n t
e m p l o y m e n t in the occup ations studied. S e p a r a te ta bula tions are p r o v i d e d
f o r e ach o f the b r o a d i n d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s w h ic h m e e t pub lic ation c r i t e r i a .

F o l l o w i n g the oc c u p a tio n a l w a g e t a b l e s is ta b l e A - 7 w h ich
p r o v i d e s p e rc e n t changes in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k ­
e r s , e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g w o r k e r s , i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , s k i l l e d
m ainte n ance w o r k e r s , and u n s k ille d plant w o r k e r s .
T his m easu re of
w a g e tr ends e l i m i n a t e s changes in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s c a u s e d b y e m p l o y ­
men t shifts among e s ta b lis h m e n ts as w e l l as t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
in c lu d e d in s u r v e y s a m p le s . W h e r e p o s s i b l e , data a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r all
i n d u s tr i e s , m anufactu rin g, and no n m a n u fa ctu rin g . A p p e n d ix A d i s c u s s e s
this w a g e tre n d m e a s u r e .

A - s e r i e s ta b le s

Ap p e nd ixe s

T a b l e s A - 1 th ro u gh A - 6 p r o v i d e e s t i m a t e s o f s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u r ly or w e e k l y e a r n in g s f o r w o r k e r s in occupations c om m o n to a
v a r i e t y of m an u fac tu rin g and nonm anu fa cturin g i n d u s tr ie s .
Occupations
w e r e s e l e c t e d f r o m the f o l l o w i n g c a t e g o r i e s :
(a ) O f f ic e c l e r i c a l , (b) p r o ­
f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l , ( c ) m ain te n an c e and p o w e r p la n t, and (d) c u s tod ial

This b ulle tin has tw o a p p e n d ixe s .
A p p e n d ix A d e s c r i b e s the
m eth od s and con cepts used in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m and
p r o v i d e s in fo rm a tio n on the s c op e of the s u r v e y .
Appendix B p ro v id e s
job d e s c r ip tio n s used by B u re au f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s in
occup ations f o r which s t r a i g h t - t i m e e a r n i n g s i n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d .




A. Earnings
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Jacksonville, Fla., December 1975
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly ea rn in gs o f—

O ccupation and in d u s try d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

$

Avcra
weekly

1
75

Mean *

(standard)

Median *

Middle ranged

$
80

S

S
85

90

S

$
100

no

$
120

$
13o

$
190

S
150

4

S
160

170

$
1 Bo

4
190

*

4
200

210

4
220

230

4
2“ 0

4
250

260

and
under
80

and
85

90

100

no

120

130

190

ISO

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

290

250

260

over

8
8
9

b

5

8
5

b
i

3
“
3
1

2
*
2
“

“
-

*

8
*
8
8

1
"
1
1

-

ALU WORKERS

operators*
CLASS 8 ------------------- ---------------------------

$

b o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e

71

$

$

$
10

3 9 .0
123.00

ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ---------------------------------------------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------

9Hl
62
379
71

3 8 .5
9 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .5

1 5 9.50
153.00
160.50
2 0 1 .5 0

156.00
159 .0 0
156.50
2 0 9 .5 0

1 3 ..0 0 - 1 7 8 .3 0
1 3 ? .5 0 -1 6 9 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0 -1 8 3 .0 0
2 0 1 .5 0 -2 0 9 .5 0

.
•

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS 6 -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ------------------------

892
101
79l
67

3 9 .0
9 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .5

129.00
139.00
122.00
172.00

118.00
138 .0 0
116 .0 0
168 .5 0

1 0 6 .0 0 -1 3 8 .0 0
1 2 1 .5 0 -1 5 2 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0 -1 3 9 .0 0
19f; . 0 0 -1 8 8 .5 0

6
6

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS B -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------

137
136
32

3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .0

1 2 9.00
1 2 9.50
187.00

111.00
111.00
189 .5 0

9 2 .0 0 - 1 3 5 .3 0
9 2 .0 0 - 1 3 5 .5 0
1 9 ^ .0 0 -2 3 3 .0 0

-

CLERKS,

m a n u f a c t u r in g

n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

_
-

-

-

19

8

16
16

“

“

z
.
d

1
1
-

22
22
-

32
32
-

38
7
31
-

56
11
95
*

32
11
21
-

79
12
62
9

39
11
28
3

41

9
4
5
1

13
2
11
2

93
2
91
38

15

39
1

115
115

105
9
101
-

180
19
161
-

119
18
96
1

99
18
81
9

79
15
64
20

35
5
30
8

31
11
20
9

9
4
b
i

30
4
26
20

5
3
2
”

-

-

-

25
“
25
-

19
19

7
7

30
29

16
16

19
19
“

11
11
5

12
12
2

12
12
9

-

•

i
i
i

9
9
9

2
2
2

-

-

-

“

'

15
6

-

*

*

*
“

1
1
1

9
4
9

9
9
9

•

-

-

-

2

'
£

131
39
92

3 9 .0
9 0 .0
3 8 .5

197.50
199.50
199 .0 0

196.00
195.00
196 .0 0

1 2 5 .5 0 -1 5 7 .3 0
1 2 9 .0 0 -1 6 2 .5 0
1 2 c .5 0 -1 5 7 .5 0

_
-

_
-

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -----------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

359
399

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

196.50
196 .5 0

138 .5 0
138 .5 0

1 3 0 .0 0 -1 5 7 .3 0
1311.00-157.30

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ------------

736

3 9 .0

1 3 9.50

123 .5 0

1 1 5 .5 0 -1 3 7 .5 0

NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PU RLIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------

698
92

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

135.00
2 1 9 .5 0

123.00
292 .0 0

MESSENGERS -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

196
190

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

113 .5 0
113 .5 0

SECRETARIES -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

1 ,0 3 7
106
931

3 9 .0 165 .5 0
9 0 .0 166.00
3 8 .5 165.50
J .0 c-oy.uu

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

70
65

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

261
296

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ---------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

396
39
307




17

13

134 .0 0
CLERKS, PAYROLL ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

34

8

d

3
3
-

4
9

16
3
13

17
5
12

16
7
9

18
7
11

26
3
23

11
6
5

5
1
9

1
1
-

3
1
2

5
5

-

“

1
1

-

-

1
1

*

*

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

36
36

21
20

119
116

62
62.

39
30

32
31

b
7

2
2

12
12

6
6

19
19

2
2

-

-

6
6

5
5

“

“

-

-

1

30

98

165

176

92

95

16

19

9

25

8

-

-

-

-

55

-

2

1 1 6 .0 0 -1 3 8 .0 0
18 t . 5 0 - 2 9 2 .0 0

-

-

98
-

160
-

156
2

89
3

95
1

16
5

9
3

9
-

25
17

8
6

-

-

55
55

2

-

-

-

-

30
-

-

-

1
*

1 0 6 .O0
1 0 6.00

9 * .5 0 - 1 2 6 .3 0
9 9 .5 0 - 1 2 6 .3 0

4
9

6
6

11
11

59
58

99
90

17
17

19
19

19
13

8
8

10
10

-

_
-

1
1

2
2

-

-

5
5

1
1

-

-

160.00
163.00
160.00

19, .0 0 - 1 8 2 .5 0
1 9 5 .5 0 —180 .0 0
1 9 0 .0 0 -1 8 2 .5 0

_
-

«
-

-

9
9

19
19

97
97

69
1
63

102
8
99

196
18
128

130
17
113

137
17
120

106
15
91

S9
11
98

79
12
67

39
2
32

26
2
29

22
2
20
rb

25
25

191.00
199.00

191.50
192.50

1 6 8 .0 0 -2 0 1 .3 0
1 6 8 .0 0 -2 0 1 .5 0

-

.

.
“

_

-

•

.

-

-

“

7
7

11
11

6
5

4
3

19
19

13
13

_

-

9
1

-

3
3

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

178.50
1 7 9.50

178.50
178.50
*.0 0

1 5 2 .0 0 -1 9 5 .0 0
1 5 2 .0 0 -1 5 5 .0 0

_
-

-

_

-

_
-

1
1

19
19

11
11

30
28

23
22

30
29

29
25

22
21
1

97
97

11
11

15
15

3 9 .0
9 0 .0
3 8 .5

1 6 5.00
170 .5 0
1 6 9 .5 0

156.00
1 6 7.00
1 5 5.50

1 3 8 .0 0 -1 7 8 .5 0
1 5 0 .0 0 -1 8 8 .0 0
1 3 5 .5 0 -1 7 9 .0 0

-

-

-

-

8
8

23
23

18
18

90
9
36

93
6
37

97
9
93

37
6
31

95
3
92

29
6
18

10
8
2

6
6

8
8

CV

*

-

*

2

C

2

_

*

*

“

19
1
13

7
7

21
21

2
2

-

1
1

5
5

7
6

9
9

7
7

3
3

2
2

6
1
5

9
9

6
1
5

2
2

19
19

Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

houn1
(standard)

75
Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range2

$
80

$
85

90

100

no

120

130

and

4
>
©

$

$
150

5

*160 *1 7 0

180

$
190

*

J
200

210

220

S
230

4
240

250

1

of

Occupation and in d u s try d iv is io n

N u m ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—
S

Average
weekly

170

180

19n

69
7
62

53
12
41

59
5
54

26
7
19

9
3
6

27
21
1

10
9
3

35
33
12

7
4
3

25
5
20

21
5
16

24
5
19

3
3

1
1

130

140

6

23
23

32
1
31

51
4
47

11
11
“

18
18
*

42
42
“

-

-

11

19

85

_
“

-

4

6

*

“

4

-

1
1

-

99

160

120

80

100

no

%
260

and

i under

Ul
o

Number

over

230

240

—
230

260

6

5
5

1
1

1
1

-

6

7
7
7

4
4
4

49
49
49

28
28

9
9
9

4
4
4

4

8

2

-

4

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

15

4

8

2

-

4

4

i
i

2
2

4
4

-

-

_

-

i

2

2

-

-

i

2

2

6
8

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

200___ 210

220

8
4
4

4
2
2

3
2
1

-

2

41
41
38

4
4
4

2
2
2

7
3
4

18
9
9

15

-

-

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
SECRETARIES -

CONTINUED

SECRETARIES. CLASS 0 ---------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

360
47
J 13

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

$
lb 1.50
163.50
1 4 9.50

$
1 4 8 .SC 1 3 8 .5 0 -1 6 5 .0 0
155.00 1 5 ,> .0 0 -1 7 5 .5 0
1 4 6.00 1 3 ? .0 0 - 1 6 4 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, g e n e r a l --------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------

301
2d9
166

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

178.00
179.50
2 1 5 .5 0

1 6 9.00
188.00
2 3 6 .0 0

1 3 0 .0 0 -2 3 7 .0 0
1 3 -i.0 0 -2 3 7 .0 0
lfli- .5 0 - 2 4 0 .0 0

.
"

_
“

STENOGRAPHERS, s e n i o r ----------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

171.50 1 6 1.00
1 6 3 .5C 161.00
1 7 3 .0 0 1 5 5.00

1 3 t .0 0 - 1 9 4 .0 0
1 5 ,.0 0 - 1 8 1 .0 0
1 3 - . 0 0 -1 9 6 .5 0

-

-

----------------------------------

212
29
183

o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s a --------• o n m a n u f a c t u r in g --------------------------n

27
27

3 9 .0
3 9 .)

1 4 6.50
1 4 6.50

132.50
1 3 2.30

1 0 * .0 0 - 1 8 3 .0 0
1 0 - .0 0 —1 8 3.00

1

ln c r 2
.

n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
s w it c h b o a r d

-

-

“

-

-

-

”

“

“

11

19

-

-

“

2
2

6
6

1
1

2
2

5
5

20

28

8

16
14

6

12

21

37

18

13

5

6

-

6

7

14

27

39
13
26

12

9

4

4

“

35

_

-

“

28
2
26

*

“

17

11
11

28
28

37
34

6
6

27
27

11
11

10
10

1
1

4
3

21
21

7
7

d

77
77

78
74

63
55

16
11

21
19

17
14

1
1

2
2

12

AU .UU
1 1 1 .5 0 -1 3 7 .0 0

-

1 2 5 .0 0

121.00
124.00
121.00

1 1 1 .5 0 -1 3 8 .0 0

-

127 .0 0

130.00

1 0 9 .0 0 -1 4 3 .0 0

o pe r a t o r - r e c e p t io n is t s -

162

3 9 .5

1 2 4 .0 0

---------------------------

11A

3 9 .0

1
T Y P IS T S , CLASS A --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

109
108

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

1 4 0 .5 0
1 4 0 .0 0

1 3 4.00
129.00

1 0 * .0 9 - 1 6 6 .5 0
10 * .0 0 - 1 6 6 .3 0

_

T Y P IS T S , CLASS B -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURTNG ---------------------------

304
282

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

1 1 3 .5 0
1 1 3 .0 0

1 0 7.00
1 0 6.00

1 0 ,.0 0 - 1 1 8 .0 0
9 8 .0 0 - 1 1 6 .0 0

-

-

3 8 .0

SWITCHBOARD

n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

TRANSCRIRING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENtW AL — — — — — — — — — — — — —
— — — — — — — — — — — —

*

W o rk e rs w e r e at $2.60 to

$2.70

See footn otes at end o f ta b le s .




d
d

1

-

-

•
5
5

13
13

-

-

”

-

c
U

-

22
-

* 22
-

*

a

2

-

-

12
12
6
6

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

*
2
2

3
3

“
-

-

%%

%

b

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—

Number

i

s
weekly
hours1
(standard)

$
120

130

$

S

16o

170

S

S
18o

Mean *

Median £

Middle ranged

lo o
and
under

no

no

O ccupation and in d u s try d iv is io n

120

130

180

150

160

170

180

190

-

-

“

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

5
5

2
2

37
37

1*0

150

S
190

S
200

21o

$

$
230

5
240

$
2Su

26o

28u

*
3v0

$
320

38o
and

210

22u

2 JO

1
1

20
20

19
19

i
i

1
1

1
1

3
3

6
6

10
10

7
7

1
1

~

200

280

260

25o

320

380 o v e r

1
1

3
J

-

2
2

1
1

*

2
2

-

17
17

3
J

4
4

-

-

_

“

*

“

7
7

280

300

ALL WORKERS
COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A
NONMANUFACTURI* j -------------

95
95

39 .0
3 9 .0

$
2os.OO
2 0 5 .0 0

$
$
$
2 0 0 .SO 1 8 r .5 0 - 2 1 b .0 0
20 0 .S 0 13 .5 0 - 2 1 6 .0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS s
NUNMANUFACTURINb-------------

2JS
220

39.0
J 9 .0

176.90
176 .5 0

168.00
169.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS L
NONMANUEACTUo I ' ; G -------------

1U
lil

3 9 . ;i I S O .50
3 9 .0 1 5 9.50

1 3 s . Si) 1 3 I.5 O -1 7 S .0 0
13? . sii 1 3 i ,5 0 - 1 7 3 .0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
BU SINESS, CLASS A ------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------

177
1 79

3 8 . u 2 6 2 .5 9
Jfi.O 2 6 2 .5 0

2 5 8 .SO R8 .0 0 - 2 8 3 .3 0
2
2 5 7 .0 0 28. .0 0— 8 a-.SO

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
BU SINESS, CLASS B ------------NUNMANUEACTURILG-----------

ISA
1S2

39 .0
3 9 .0

2 1 6 .5 0
2 1 7 .0 0

2 1 5 .0 0
2 1 5 .0 0

2 0 6 .0 0 - 2 2 7 .SO
2 0 2 .0 0 -2 2 8 .0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
BU SINESS, CLASS C -----------NONMANUFa c t u s i n g — —

J7
36

38.'1
38 .0

188.00
168.00

1 8 7.00
1 8 7.00

1 7 9 .5 0 - 1 9 2 .SO
1 7 9 .5 0 - 1 9 2 .so

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BU SINESS, CLASS w -----------S'UNm ANUFACTus I M G -----

126
128

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

2 9 3 .5 0
2 9 3 .5 0

2 9 2 .5 9
2 9 2 .5 0

2 7 - .0 9 - 3 0 7 .0 0
2 7 -..5 0 -3 0 7.00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS A N A LY S T-,
BUSINESS, CLAsS C ---------------------NUNMA'jUF A C T U R IN G ---------------------

72
72

9 9 .0
9 0 .0

2 6 1 .0 0
2 6 1 .0 0

2 6 3 .0 0
265*00

2 2 - .5 o - 2 7 3 .v 0
22' .5 0 - 2 7 3 .0 0

DRAFTERS. CLASS A -----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------

SI
35

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

2 2 7 .5 0
2 2 9 .0 0

2 1 5 .C0 20 .0 0 - 2 3 - . 0 0
2 1 5 .0 0 19 .,5 0 - 2 6 6 ,3 0

QRAFTEPS, CLASS 3 -----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------

79
63

3 9 .5 2 1 9 .5 0
3 9 .5 2 2 9 .5 0

2 2 8 .0 0
2 8 0 .0 0

1 7 9 .5 0 -2 5 0 .0 0
1 9 -.00— 5 6 .G
2
O

-

-

*

DRAFTERS, CLASS C -----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------

<♦4
28

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

190 .0 0
136 .0 0

135.00
12d.oO

1 2 1 .5 0 -1 5 2 .0 0
12' . 0 0 -1 8 1 .s o

3
3

3
3

9
8

NURSES,

25

3 9 .5

2 0 6 .5 0

2 0 2 .5 0

1 9 o .0 0 - 2 1 7 . 5C

-

-

1

INDUSTRIAL

(REGISTERED)

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .




1S'- .0 0 - 1 8 9 .0 0
I S - . 0 0 -1 8 9 .0 0

'i

_

_

-

-

1
1

1
1

39
38

36
33

87
81

38
32

22
22

15
18

8
7

-

12
12

2
2

86
86

9
8

10
9

5
5

5
5

1
1

19
19

4
8

2
2

1
1

6
6

9
9

20
20

36
36

20

33
31

26
2s

30
3u

22
22

11
11

11
11

1
1

in
n

<
♦

.

_

.

_

_

_

_

“

“

“

“

2
2

“

8
8

9
9

11
11

35
33

2
2

1
1

2
2

6
6

10
10

10
9

_

*

_
"

c

“

*

_

“

**

2
2

~

'

1
1

<
♦

6
6

1
1

3
3

81
39

31
31

22
21

16
15

Is
15

-

1
1

13
13

22
22

9
9

7
7

1
1

.

-

_

*

*

“

.

13
10
_

-

_

9
3

12
lu

3
-

7
2

-

1
1

1
-

10
9

8
1

i

7
6

3
3

12
12

9
9

12
12

3
3

_

i

2

1

1

-

-

-

-

6
3

7
5

7
2

5
4

3
3

11
7

6
-

2
1

2
1

3
1

2
1

3
3

1

-

-

-

3

1

.8

7

d

-

•

-

1

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in Jacksonville, Fla., December 1975
Sex, o ccu p ation , and in d u stry d iv is io n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

Number
of
workers

Average
(m ean 2)

S ex , o ccu p ation , and in d u stry d iv is io n

Weeklv
Weekly
hours 1
earnings 1
standard) (standard)

MEN

Number
of
workers

Average

Average
(m ean2)
Weekly
Weekly
earnings 1
hours 1
standard) (standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

$
170 .5 0
177 .0 0

Sex, occu pation , and in d u stry d iv is io n

ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ------------

___ _

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

39 0 158 .5 0
3 8 .5 1 5 6 .0 0

79

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

09
64

3 8 .5

189.50
192.50

2bl
246
3b

3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 7 .5

178 .5 0
179.50
2 2 8 .5 0

346
39
307

3 9 .0

1 6 5 .0u]
170.50I COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS*
164 .5 0

360
47
313

39*0

293
281
158

39*0

212
29
183

3 9 . b 1 7 1.50
40*0 163.50
39 .0 173.00

116
113

1 ,0 3 6
106

1 2 0 .5u
1 2 0 .5 0
__ _ __
_

_

-

.,

n o n m a n u f a c t u f in g

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

---------------------------

WOMEN

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
71
JO
387
55

3 9 .0
39*0

1 2 6.50
1*_3* 00

70
c lerks*

clerks*

a c c o u n t in g *

f il e

* Cl a s s

CLERKS* F IL E *

b

b

— -------—

—
—

CLASS C

803

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

1 2 2.50
1 3 5 .00:
1 2 1 .00|

3 8 .0 120.501
3 8 . U 1 2 0 .50j

285

Cl a s s

157 .5 0
1 5 6.50
1 5 8.00
2 0 0 .5 0

125
124

ACCOUNTING* CLASS A ------------

3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .5

716

CLERKS*

3 8 .0

27
27

9 8 . 5C
SWITCHBOAR0 OPERATORS,

119

4 0 .0

CLASS B -------

133 .5 0

Tr
r*
n

r-

^

38?5

147 .0 0
147 .0 0

717
37
680
89

39 0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

134.50
1 3 0.50
1 3 5.00
2 1 3 .5 0

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

103.50
1 0 3 .0C

80
77

82

1 6 5.50
166.00
165.50
3 7 .5 2 2 9 .0 0
r-

3 8 .5

3 9 .0

3 9 .0

39 .0
3 9 .0

3 9 .0

180 *50
18 0 • 0

163

80

$
2 0 8 .0 0

3 9 .0

1 4 2 .0C

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
2 6 3 .5 0
2 6 3 .5 0

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

2 9 7 .5 0
2 9 7 .5 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 6 1 .5 0
2 6 1 .5 0

3 9 .0

2 2 7 .5 0
2 2 9 .0 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 2 5 .0 0
2 3 3 .5 0

36

3 9 .0

1 4 3 .5 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,

176.00
177.50
2 1 4 .0 0

2 1 8 .5 0
2 1 8 .5 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 5 1.50
163.50
149.50

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS*

^- r ~

146.50
146.50

3 9 . b 109.50 DRAFTERS,
3 9 .5 108 .5 0

CLASS C -------------------------------

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL

-

w -r^

^ ,

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

124.00
121.50
125.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS o -----------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

65
57

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 6 5 .0 0
1 6 4 .5 0

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

127.00
COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C -----------126.50
NONMANUFACTURING - — - - - - - - - - - - - -

31

3 9 .5

1 7 2 .0 0
1 7 2 .0 0

105
104

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINF

162

137
134

145 .5 0
149.50

348
i-N . „
.

4 0 .0
3 8 .5

107
100

td
i

39 .0

114

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS*38
88

.

W eeklv
W eekly
hours *
earnings 1
(standard' (standard)

PROFESSIONAL an d TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

54
47
39
25

CLERKS,

Number
of
workers

38 .0
3 8 .0

139.50, COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
139.50 BUSINESS* CLASS A — — — —
— — — —

3 7 .5

2 5 8 .0 0

302

38 .0
3 8 .0

112 .5 0
112 .0 0

opfrato rs,

—

— —
26

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
38 • 0
-0 9 .-.0

NOTE:
E arn in gs date in ta b le A - 3 r e la te on ly to w o r k e r s w h ose sex id e n tific a tio n w as p ro v id e d b y the estab lish m en t.
to all w o r k e r s in an occu pation .
(S e e appendix A fo r p u b lica tion c r it e r ia .)
See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .




E arn in gs data in ta b le s A - l

and A - 2 ,

on the o th e r hand,

r e la te

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv is io n

of
workers

J
>
3 .0 0
Mean 2

$

S
3 .2 0

3 .4 0

i

$
3 .6 0

s
3 .8 0

S
4 .0 0

S
4 .2 0

$
4 ,4 0

b
4 .6 0

$
4 .8 0

$
5 .0 0

5 . 20

5

3 .4 0

3*60

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 • 60 4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5.

5

Hourly earnings

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s o f—
*
4i» 5 . bo 5* bo 6 . u 0

%
6j
*
d

*
*
6 40 f .80

U n d er and

Median2

3 .0 0
i.d O

all

$

$

$

b

b .6 9

b 8i.)

i
i

?
2

16

i
i

11
1

16
16

15
12
3

12
12

'

and

,! (
? ,
}

6 .4 :,

7 ,o

8 .0 0

5 .1 7 - 6 .4

f

$
12

_

_

“

“

49
28

5 .9 8
5 .3 2

0 .4 4
5 .4 A

5 .4 0 - 6 .8 3
4 . 1 9 - 6.1^-

E LE C TR IC IA N S ,

m a in t e n a n c e ---------------m a n u f a c t u r in g ---------------------------------

97
84

6 .3 9
6 .4 1

6 .6 2
6 .8 3

5 * 6 0 * 7 ,4 2
5 .6 0 - 7 .4 -

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

81
47
34

6 .1 4
6 .6 3
5 .4 6

5 .8 2
6 .9 4
5 .4 3

5 . 3 5 - 6 .9 4
b .5 7 - 7 . 3 ,
5 .2 1 - 5 .7 7

H E LPtR S, MAINTENANCE TRADES ---------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

59
35

4 .7 3
4 .7 3

4 .9 q

4 .3 8

3 .6 5 - 5 . I f
3 .5 7 - 6 .5 2

“

M ACH INISTS, MAINTFNANCF ------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

83
79

5 .9 2
5 .8 9

6 .0 5
5 .9 7

5• 6 b *
5 .6 2 -

6 .6 m
-

-

-

-

6 .3

*

”

”

5 .6 6
5 .0 8
5 .8 1
6 .5 7

5 .2 5
5 .0 0
S . 35
6 .6 3

5 .0 0 - 6 ,5 /
4 . 4 0 - 5.1 7
5 .2 0 - 6 .6 :
6 .4 7 - 7.2-

-

-

------------------------

379
77
302
110

-

-

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE -------------- ------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

345
341

5 .3 5
5 .3 7

5.21
5.21

4 . 4 0 - 5 .7 7
4 . 4 2 - 5 .7 7

_

2
-

4
4

-

“

38

6 .2 1

6 .8 3

5 .5 5 -

1

1

-

1

4G

6 .6 9

G. 03

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

----------------------------------

PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S

m a in t e n a n c e

-----------------------

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




7 .4 2

-

-

“

6
6

1

2
2

1
“

2
2

-

-

~

“

4
2

-

1
1

-

”

b
•
o

-

-

11
11

2
2

4

b
b

-

9

10
9

-

-

*

“

-

i

-

-

_

-

“

*"

4
4

-

-

-

-

10
1(1

18
18

i
i

7
3

lo
-

52

10
1

52
42

2u
2
18
15
18
1«

29
29

-

-

~

*

6

17

-

-

26

t-4

-

-

-

*

“

5
5

6
6

3
3

3
3

1
1

10
7
3
3

26
19
7
3

5
2
3
3

39
6
33
1

49
25
24

86
6
80

15
1
1H

“

“

1h

3
3

74
74

12
12

4

8
8

47
47

37
37

4h
44

Jft

4

1

-

1

i

-

1

-

1

1

-

17

“*

2

-

_

-

i

-

~

-

-

4

“

-

-

i

-

3

4
4

2

12
12

-

_

-

9

-

“

-

3

-

3
3

2

-

i

o

3

-

4
4

o

3

“

2
2

c
.

*

9
9

4
4

*

“

.

*

-

-

1

3
3

-

7
1

6
2
4

1

-

d

17
16

“

-

4

”

-

“

1

1
1

i
i
2
2

-

CARPENTERS, M A IN TE N A N C E -------------------NONMANUF a c t u p i n g ---------------------------

,

6.0:,: 6 .2 0

----8.3 0

w orkers

b.

p a in t e r s

5 ,o u

1
*
7,60

3
)
7 .- 0

“

d
c

-

19
19

1
1

s
-

21
1
20

-

-

“

4
4

15
15

-

Jb

-

4
4

4

i

-

-

-

5

-

-

-

3
c3

-

-

lu

7

-

-

10

1

*

*

6

j l

6
6
6

d'D

22

Hourly earnings3

2 .4 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 >09

440
440

249
4
245

86
86

9
9

43
15
28

3 .2 0

$
3.4 0

$
3 .6 0

3 .4 0

3 ,6 0

3 .8 0

7
7

21
21

S
3 .8 0

S
$
4 .00 4 .2 0

$
$
4 .4 0 4 .6 1

4 .o 0

t
5.3C

4 .20

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 r

12
12

14
4
10

30
30

4
.
4

s

$
5.4 C

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

$
6 .0 0

.4 0

5 .6 0

*
5 .2 0

5 .8 0

5.01), 6 .4 0

.8 0

7 t 29

-

6 .8 0

and
under
4 .8 0

$
2 .2 0
2 .9 0
2 .2 0

$
2 .1 0 2 .8 5 2 .1 0 -

WATCHMEN!
MANUFACTURING-------------- -----------------

27

3 .2 1

2 . 8 5 - 4 .0 5

-

4

-

-

14

1

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

4

JANITORS, PORTERS, ANO CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------

2 ,1 2 8
199
1 ,9 2 9
29

2 .3 7
3 .7 2
2 .2 4
3 .7 7

2 .1 0
3 .9 9
2 .1 0
3 .0 6

2 . 1 0 - 2 .2 5
2 . 9 3 - 4 .3 7
2 . 1 0 - 2 .1 5
3 . 0 0 - 5 .1 5

1542
8
1534
7

188
1
187
-

51
1
50
-

61
27
34
-

51
13
38
“

45
22
23
8

13
1
12
-

23
18
5
1

15
6
9
-

13
8
5

14
3
11
1

53
51
2
2

4
3
1
-

19
1/
-

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------ -------------

702
288
414

3 .3 2
3 .5 4
3 .1 7

3 .3 o
3 .5 3
3 .3 0

2 . 7 5 - 3 .6 1
2 . 8 5 - 4 .2 2
2 . 5 0 - 3 .3 3

11
11

44
10
34

89
20
69

40
28
12

35
18
17

40
12
28

181
20
161

69
47
22

37
25
12

10
9
1

10
5
5

87
72
15

17
16
1

9
o
3

8
8

ORDER FILLERS -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

1 ,6 0 4
1 ,5 8 0

3 .4 6
3 .4 7

3 .3 0
3 .3 0

3 . 0 0 - 3 .6 1
3 .0 0 - 3 .6 ]

16
16

92

155
153

83
83

27
19

392
392

406
406

19
12

46
46

26
2b

16
15

6

9
9

7o
7o

-

s h i p p i n g ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

221
70

3 .2 0
3 .4 0

3 .1 0
2 .9 5

3 . 0 7 - 3 .1 0
2 . 9 5 - 4 .3 7

7
5

34
31

118
6

7
1

12

10
2

-

*

4
4

21
21

c l e r k s --------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

158
31
127

4 .1 5
4 .3 6
4 .1 0

4 .3 2
4 .3 2
4 .4 0

3 .2 5 - 5 .1 7
3 .8 7 - 4 .5 /
3 . 1 5 - 5 .1 /

4
-

-

12
12

9
9

9
-

11
5

i

-

14
13

5

9

6

i

1

16
3
13

1
1
“

17

4

packers,

r e c e iv in g

JO

$
2 .4 4
3 .4 6
2 .4 0

in

H

940
33
907

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN --------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

$
2 .4 5
4 .6 5
2 .3 5

S

rvj

ALL WORKERS

Middle range 2

$
3 .0 0

O
o

2 .2 0

$
S
<2*60 2 ,80

2 .2 0

Occupation and in du stry d iv is io n
Mean 2 Median2

%

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s o f--S
2 .4 o

$
2 .0 0

4

66
-

5

3

-

-

-

8

1
-

7
-

1

7

8

-

15
1
14

1
1

9

SH IPPING AND RECFIVING CLERKS --------

40

4 .7 5

4 .2 5

4 . 2 1 - 5 .2 /

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

5

-

TRUCKDRIVERS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------

1 ,3 4 3
270
1 ,0 7 3
307

4 .3 1
3 .9 0
4 .4 2
6 .0 3

4 .0 0
4 .0 0
4 .1 0
7 .1 3

3 . 1 7 - 5 .1 6
3 .4 0 - 4 .3 5
3 .1 0 - 6 .1 /
4 . 4 0 - 7 .1 3

6

29
29

66

72
72

63
5
58

112
50
62

84
11
73

89
46
43

127
8
119

6

70
45
25
15

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1 /2 TONS) -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTUPING --------------------------TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) -----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PURLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) -----------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

175
164

400
104
296
67

514
51
463
238

3 .1 9
3 .1 7

3 .9 9
3 .7 3
4 .0 7
7 .1 0

5 .2 5
4 .3 5
5 .3 5
5 .7 3

3 .3 o
3 .2 8

3 .2 5
3 .4 9
3 .1 7
7 .1 3

4 .5 o
4 .5 0
5 .2 0
4 .4 5

2 .5 0 - 3 .6 ]
2 .5 0 - 3 .6 )

2 .8 9 3 .1 5 2 .7 5 7 .1 3 -

4 .3 6
4 .0 0
5 .5 7
7 .1 3

4 . 4 0 - 6 .1 7
4 . 0 7 - 4 .5 /
4 . 4 0 - 7 .1 3
4 . 4 0 - 7 .1 3

TRUCKERS, POWER (F O R K L IF T ) -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

221
100
578
307
271

3 .7 4
3 .8 4
4 .1 4
4 .1 1
4 .1 9

3 .7 0
3 .7 8
4 .1 4
4 .2 9
3 .6 5

3 . 5 1 - 5.1«>
3 . 5 8 - 4 .6 9
3 . 4 0 - 5 .1 o

WAREHOUSEMEN ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------

96
89
31

4 .6 0
4 .6 3
5 .8 2

5 .3 0
5 .4 3
5 .9 0

3 . 5 4 - 5 .9 ,
3 . 4 0 - 5 .9 0
5 . 9 o - 6 .1 1




3 . 4 2 - 4 .1 5
3 . 4 2 - 4 .3 5

6

6
6

27
27

-

2
2

_

_

-

-

_

66

12
12

*
.
-

*

24
24

45
45

ti

8

49
5
44

_

-

30
30

6
6

16
16

2
2
“
12
12

2
2

27
11
16

9
6
3

36
19
17

-

5
5
*

1
1
“

-

16
14

59
31
28

30
27

42
8
34

_

“
17
13
4

55
52

3
“

15

_

2

-

13

2
-

3
3
3

_

-

3
3

2

-

-

26
17

8
-

69
33

54

26
8
18

29
16
13

27
15
12

95
19
76

3
3
“

1
1
*

3
1
~

12
12

3
-

3
3

_

*
31
21
10

30
15
15
15

6

13

no
4b
62
“

45
3
42
**

*

5
5

14
14
*

“

2
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
4
H

_
-

-

-

8

2
-

-

-

8
“

2
2

-

-

*

_

-

-

-

4

-

-

li

-

*

-

4

-

157
157

12
12

-

-

-

64

-

*

“

-

17

29
29

tt
i i

-

-

3

2
1

64

1
1

-

-

”

.

-

-

“

-

-

8

-

-

-

-

-

10

-

-

137
29
108
102

1i

21
i2
9
“

34
5
29
3

4
2
2
*

3
2
1
~

2

16
16

-

*

97
“
97
”*

*

184
184
184

_

_

*

-

*

*

.

66
66
66

7
”
_

8
8

12
9
3

<
+

_

“
4
2

2

133
27
106
102

1
1

8
6

2

2
2

6
5
1
1

*
4
2

1
1

“

_

1
1
-

2

*

2

26
26

_

~

4

-

1
-

1

~
3
3

4
4

2
2

-

-

1

*

*

”

1
-

13

-

91

118

-

-

13

91

-

“

~

_

_

-

-

_

-

44
36

-

-

11
s

-

-

1
1
“

49
49
-

45
45
*

29
29
-

23
23
-

32
32
-

55
4
51

79
28
51

-

-

-

-

3
1

1
1
"

2
2
2

_

3

_

-

-

*

“

“

4
4
1

2

-

1
1
1

4
4
-

24
24
10

15
15
15

_

-

118
118
_

9
9

2
2

*

“

-

_

2
2

_
-

-

a

6

8

-

_

_

-

-

”

“

6




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant,
custodial, and material movement workers, by sex,
in Jacksonville, Fla., December 1975
Sex, occupation, and industry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

(mean^ )
hourly
earnings3

Sex, occupation, and in du stry d iv is io n

MAINTENANCE AND POwEKPl ANT
OCCUPATIONS - MEN
BOILER TENDERS --------------------------m a n u f a c t u r in g -----------------------

AO
3b

CARPENTERS. MAINTENANCE ----------NONMANUFACTURING------------------

49
28

5 .9 8
5 .3 2

E LECTRICIANS. MAINTENANCE ------MANUFACTURING -----------------------

97
d4

6 .3 9
6 .4 1

ENGINEERS. STATIONARY -------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

81
47
34

6 .1 4
6 .6 3
5 .4 6

HELPERS. MAINTENANCE TR mDES —
MANUFACTURING -----------------------

39
3S

MACHINISTS. MAINTENANCE ---------MANUFACTURING -----------------------

83
79

179
77
302
n o

34b
341

$
3 .1 8

RECEIVING CLERKS ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

137
30
107

4 .3 0
4 .3 9
4 .2 8

AND RECEIVING CLERKS --------

40

4 .7 5

1 ,3 3 9
270
1 ,0 6 9
307

4 .3 1
3 .9 0
4 .4 2
6 .0 3

TRUCKDRIVERS. LIGHT (UNDER
1 -1 / 2 TONS) ---------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

171
160

3 .1 8
3 .1 6

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM ( l - i / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) ---------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------------

400
104
296
67

3 .9 9
3 .7 3
4 .0 7
7 .1 0

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMAn UFACTURING ---------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------------

514
51
*♦6 J
238

5 .2 5
4 .3 5
5 .3 5
5 .7 3

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN T PA ILF R TYPE) --------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

221
luO

3 .7 4
3 .8 4

TRUCKERS. POWER (F 0 P K L IF T ) -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANIJFACTURI'V,---------------------------

557
305
252

4 . lb

WAREHOUSEMEN -------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURIMG ---------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------------

94
87
30

4 .6 ?
4 .6 6
5 .8 8

JAN ITO RS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

890
35
855

2 .2 0
3 .0 9
2 .1 6

ORDFR FILLE R S -----------------------------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

485
482

3 .0 0
3 .0 1

packers,

119

3 .2 2

5 .3 5
5 .3 7

MAINTENANCE --------------------MAINTENANCE ----------------

38

6 .2 1

4b

6 .9 4

913
33
880

2 .4 2
3 .4 6
2 .3 8

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS - MEN
GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NUNMANUFACTURIinG - - - - - - - - - - - - - w atchm en:
m a n u f a c t u r in g

S H IPPIN G

TRUCKDRIVERS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------------

SH IPPIN G

S . 66
5 .0 8
5 .8 1
6 .5 7

MECHANICS. MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

102

5 .9 2
5 .8 9

MECHANICS. AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ---------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r in g -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC u t i l i t i e s ---------------------

---------------------------------------

PACKERS,

4 .7 3
4 .7 3

P IP E F IT T E R S ,

Average
(m e a n *)
hourly
earnings^

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MUVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED
$
5 ,4 9
5 .7 b

PAIN TERS.

Number
of
workers

------------------------------

27

1.21

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS —
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURIMG ------------------------

1 ,2 3 8
164
i » 0 74

2 .5 0
3 .8 5
2.3 0

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING ---------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

688
276
412

3.31
J•
3 .1 7

ORDER FILLERS ----------------------------------NO.MANUFACTURING------------------------

1 ,1 1 9
1 ,0 9 8

3 .6 6
3 .6 7

4 . 10
4 .2 3

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

b
'e
l

Sh i p p i n g

---------------------------------------

NO TE:
E arn in gs data in ta b le A - 6 r e la te on ly to w o r k e r s w h ose sex id e n tific a tio n w as p ro v id e d by the
esta b lish m en t.
E arn in gs data in ta b le s A - 4 and A - 5 , on the o th e r hand, r e la te to a ll w o r k e r s in an occu pation .

Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts,
in Jacksonville, Fla., for selected periods
In d u stry and o ccu p ation al
group

D e c e m b e r 1972
to
D e c e m b e r 1973

A l l in d u s trie s :
O ffic e c le r ic a l (m en and w o m e n )__________ _____
E le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g (m en and w o m e n ) ____
In d u s tria l n u rses (m en and w om en ) _______________ _
S k ille d m ain ten an ce tra d e s (m e n )________ ______ ___
U n sk illed plant w o r k e r s (.men) ____________________

D e c e m b e r 1973
to
D e c e m b e r 1974

D e c e m b e r 1974
to
D e c e m b e r 1975

8.7
11.7

9.2
7.9
**
10.7
11.6

9.3
6.7
9.7
7.1
4.9

M a n u fa ctu rin g:
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m en and w o m e n ).__________________
E le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g (m en and w o m e n ) ----In d u s tria l n u rses (m en and w om en ) —-----------------S k illed m ain ten an ce tra d e s (m e n )__________________
U n sk illed plant w o r k e r s (m en ) ----------------------------

*
**
8.2
11.7

J
jc*
**
12.1
9.5

**
**
7.7
9.6

N onm anu factu ring:
O ffic e c le r ic a l (m en and w o m e n )___________________
E le c tr o n ic data p ro c e s s in g (m en and w o m e n )----In d u s tria l n u rses (m en and w o m e n )------------------- S k illed m ain ten an ce tra d e s (m e n ).---------------------U n sk illed plant w o r k e r s (m e n )----------------------------

7.9
*
**
**
11.8

9.4
7.9
**
**
13.0

9.4
6.6

*
**

7.9
*

1.7

Data not a v a ila b le .
Data do not m e e t p u b lication c r it e r ia .

N O T E : T h e p ercen t in c r e a s e s p r e s e n te d in th is ta b le a r e based on changes in a v e ra g e
h o u rly ea rn in gs f o r e sta b lish m en ts re p o rtin g the tre n d jo b s in both the cu rren t and p revio u s
y e a r (m atch ed e s ta b lis h m e n ts ).
T h ey a r e not a ffe c te d b y changes in a v e ra g e earn in gs
re s u ltin g fr o m em p loym en t sh ifts am ong esta b lis h m e n ts o r tu rn o v e r o f estab lish m en ts
inclu ded in s u rv e y s a m p les.
Th e p e rc e n t in c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a re s t ill a ffe c te d by fa c to rs
oth er than w age in c r e a s e s .
H ir in g s , la y o ffs , and tu rn o v e r m ay a ffe c t an establish m en t
a v e ra g e f o r an occupation when w o r k e r s a re paid under plans p ro vid in g a range of w age rates
fo r in d ivid u a l jo b s . In p e rio d s o f in c r e a s e d h irin g , fo r e x a m p le , new em p lo y e e s en ter at the
bottom o f the ra n ge, d e p re s s in g the a v e ra g e without a change in wage ra te s .
T h e s e w age tren d s a re not linked to the w age in d ex es p re v io u s ly published fo r this
a r e a b ecau se the w age in d ex es m ea su red ch an ges in a r e a a v e r a g e s , w h erea s th ese w age
tren d s m e a s u re ch an ges in m atch ed e sta b lish m en t a v e r a g e s .
O ther c h a r a c te r is tic s o f th ese
w age tren d s w hich d iffe r fr o m the discon tin u ed in d ex es include (1) ea rn in gs data o f o ffic e
c le r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tria l n u rses a r e c o n v e rte d to an hourly b a s is , (2) tren d e s tim a te s
a r e p ro v id e d fo r nonm anufacturing es ta b lis h m e n ts , w h e re p o s s ib le , and (3) tren d e s tim a te s
a re p ro v id e d fo r e le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g jo b s .
F o r a m o r e d e ta ile d d e s c rip tio n o f the m eth od used to com pute th ese w age tre n d s , see
"Im p r o v in g A r e a W age S u rvey In d e x e s ," M on th ly L a b o r R e v ie w , January 1973, pp. 52-57.

Footnotes
1 Standard hours r e fle c t
to th ese w e e k ly hours.
2 The m ean is com puted
and h a lf r e c e iv e le s s than the
3 E xclu des p re m iu m pay




the w o rk w e e k fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir re g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e

s a la r ie s

(e x c lu s iv e of pay fo r o v e rtim e at re g u la r and/or p re m iu m

r a t e s ), and the e a rn in g s c o rre s p o n d

f o r each job by to ta lin g the ea rn in gs o f a ll w o r k e r s and d ivid in g by the n u m ber o f w o r k e r s .
Th e m edian d esign ates p o s itio n — h a lf o f the e m p lo y e e s s u rv e y e d r e c e iv e m o re
ra te shown.
T h e m id d le ran ge is d efin ed by 2 ra te s o f pay; a fou rth of the w o r k e r s earn le s s than the lo w e r o f th ese ra te s and a fou rth ea rn m o re than the h ig h e r rate.
f o r o v e r tim e and f o r w o rk on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , a n d 'la te sh ifts.

Appendix A
A r e a w a ge and re la te d b e n e fits data a re obtained by p e rs o n a l v is its o f B u reau fie ld r e p r e s e n t­
a tiv e s at 3 - y e a r in t e r v a ls . 1 In ea ch o f the in te rv e n in g y e a r s , in fo rm a tio n on em p lo ym en t and
occu p a tion a l e a rn in g s is c o lle c t e d b y a com b in ation o f p erso n a l v is it , m a il q u e s tio n n a ire , and telep h on e
in te r v ie w fr o m e s ta b lis h m e n ts p a rtic ip a tin g in the p re v io u s su rvey.
In each o f th e 83 2 a r e a s c u r r e n tly su rv e y e d , data are obtained fr o m re p r e s e n ta tiv e e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts w ithin six b ro a d in d u stry d iv is io n s : M an u factu rin g; tra n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tion , and o th er
pu b lic u tilitie s ; w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a il t r a d e ; fin a n ce, in su ra n ce, and r e a l esta te; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r
in d u s try grou ps exc lu d e d fr o m th e s e stu d ies a re go vern m en t op eration s and the co n stru ctio n and
e x t r a c t iv e in d u s trie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts h avin g fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d num ber o f w o r k e r s a re o m itte d
b eca u se o f in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the occupations studied. S ep a ra te tabu lation s a re p r o v id e d fo r
ea ch o f the b ro a d in d u stry d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t pu blication c r it e r ia .
T h e s e s u rv e y s a re con du cted on a sam p le b a s is .
T h e sam plin g p ro c e d u re s in v o lv e d e ta ile d
s t r a tific a tio n o f a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the scope o f an in d ivid u a l a r e a su rvey by in d u stry and nu m ber
o f e m p lo y e e s . F r o m th is s tr a t ifie d u n iv e r s e a p ro b a b ility sam p le is s e le c te d , w ith each esta b lish m en t
h avin g a p re d e te r m in e d ch an ce o f s e le c tio n . T o obtain optim um a ccu ra cy at m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r
p r o p o rtio n o f la r g e than s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c te d . When data a re com b in ed , each e sta b lish m en t
is w e ig h te d a c c o rd in g to its p ro b a b ility o f s e le c tio n , so that unbiased e s tim a te s a re g e n e ra te d .
For
e x a m p le , i f one out o f fo u r e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c te d , it is giv e n a w eight o f fo u r to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f
plus th r e e o th e rs . An a lte rn a te o f the sa m e o rig in a l p ro b a b ility is chosen in the sam e in d u s tr y - s iz e
c la s s ific a t io n i f data a r e not a v a ila b le f o r the o rig in a l sam p le m e m b e r. I f no su itable su bstitute is
a v a ila b le , ad d itio n a l w e ig h t is a s s ig n e d to a sam ple m e m b e r that is s im ila r to the m is s in g unit.
O ccu pation s and E a rn in g s
O ccu pation s s e le c te d fo r study a r e com m on to a v a r ie ty o f m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing
in d u s trie s , and a re o f the fo llo w in g ty p e s :
(1 ) O ffic e c le r ic a l; (2) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (3 )
m ain ten an ce and p o w e rp la n t; and (4 ) c u s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m ovem en t. O ccu pational c la s s ific a tio n is
b a sed on a u n ifo rm set o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d esign ed to take account o f in te re s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n
in du ties w ithin the s a m e jo b . O ccu pation s s e le c te d fo r study a re lis te d and d e s c r ib e d in appendix B.
U n less o th e r w is e in d ic a te d , the e a rn in g s data fo llo w in g the jo b t itle s a re fo r a ll in d u s trie s com b in ed .
E a rn in g s data fo r so m e o f the o ccu p ation s lis t e d and d e s c rib e d , o r fo r som e in d u stry d iv is io n s w ithin
occu p a tion s, a re not p r e s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s , b eca u se e ith e r (1 ) em p loym en t in the occupation
is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it p resen ta tio n , o r (2 ) th e re is p o s s ib ility o f d is c lo s u r e of
in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t data. S e p a ra te m e n 's and w o m e n 's ea rn in gs data a re not p re s e n te d when the
n u m b er o f w o r k e r s not id e n tifie d b y sex is 20 p ercen t o r m o r e o f the men o r w om en id e n tifie d in an
occu pation .
E a rn in g s data not shown s e p a r a te ly fo r in du stry d iv is io n s are in clu ded in a ll in d u s trie s
co m b in ed data, w h e r e shown.
L ik e w is e , data a re in clu ded in the o v e r a ll c la s s ific a tio n when a sub­
c la s s ific a tio n o f e le c t r o n ic s te c h n ic ia n s , s e c r e t a r ie s , o r tr u c k d r iv e r s is not shown o r in fo rm a tio n to
s u b c la s s ify is not a v a ila b le .
O ccu p ation al e m p lo y m e n t and ea rn in g s data a re shown fo r fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o se h ir e d
to w o rk a r e g u la r w e e k ly sch ed u le. E a rn in g s data exclu d e p rem iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on
w e ek en d s, h o lid a y s , and la te sh ifts . N on produ ction bonuses a re exclu d ed , but c o s t - o f- liv in g allo w a n ces
and in c e n tiv e bonu ses a r e in clu d ed .
W e e k ly hours fo r o ffic e c le r ic a l and p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l
o ccu p ation s r e f e r to th e stan d ard w o rk w e e k (rounded to the n e a re s t h a lf h ou r) fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s
r e c e iv e r e g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e of pay fo r o v e r tim e at re g u la r and/or p re m iu m r a te s ).
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s fo r th e s e o ccu p ation s a re rounded to the n e a re s t h a lf d o lla r.
T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u re th e l e v e l o f occu pation al ea rn in gs in an a re a at a p a r tic u la r tim e .
C o m p a ris o n s o f in d iv id u a l occu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r tim e m ay not r e fle c t ex p e c te d w a g e changes.
T h e a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s a re a ffe c te d by changes in w a ges and em p lo ym en t p a tte rn s .
For
e x a m p le , p ro p o rtio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by h ig h - o r lo w -w a g e fir m s m a y change, o r h ig h -w a g e
w o r k e r s m a y advan ce to b e t t e r jo b s and be r e p la c e d by new w o r k e r s at lo w e r ra te s .
Such s h ifts in
e m p lo y m e n t could d e c r e a s e an o ccu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e even though m ost es ta b lis h m e n ts in an a re a
in c r e a s e w a g e s d u rin g the y e a r .
T r e n d s in ea rn in gs o f occu pation al grou p q, shown in ta b le A - 7 ,
a r e b e tte r in d ic a to rs o f w a g e tre n d s than in d ivid u a l jo b s w ithin the groups.

A v e r a g e e a rn in g s r e fle c t c o m p o s ite , a re a w id e e s tim a te s . In d u s trie s and esta b lish m en ts d iffe r
in pay l e v e l and jo b sta ffin g , and thus con trib u te d iffe r e n tly to the e s tim a te s fo r each job.
Pay
a v e ra g e s m a y fa il to r e fle c t a c c u ra te ly the w age d iffe r e n tia l am ong jo b s in in d ivid u al estab lish m en ts.
A v e r a g e pay l e v e ls fo r m en and wom en in s e le c te d occu pation s should not be assum ed to
r e fle c t d iffe r e n c e s in pay of the s e x e s w ithin in d ivid u a l e s ta b lish m en ts. F a c to r s w hich m ay contribute
to d iffe r e n c e s in clu de p r o g r e s s io n w ithin e s ta b lis h e d ra te ra n g e s , sin ce only the ra tes paid incum bents
a r e c o lle c te d , and p e rfo r m a n c e o f s p e c ific du ties w ith in the g e n e r a l s u rv e y job d e s c rip tio n s .
Job
d e s c rip tio n s used to c la s s ify e m p lo y e e s in th ese s u rv e y s u su ally a re m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th ose used
in in d ivid u a l esta b lis h m e n ts and a llo w fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong e sta b lish m en ts in s p e c ific
duties p e r fo r m e d .
O ccu p ation al em p lo y m en t e s tim a te s r e p re s e n t the to ta l in a ll esta b lish m en ts w ithin the scope
o f the study and not the n u m b er actu a lly s u rvey ed . B eca u se o ccu p ation al s tru ctu res among e s ta b lis h ­
m en ts d iffe r , e s tim a te s o f o ccu p ation al em p lo ym en t obtained fr o m the sa m p le o f esta b lish m en ts studied
s e r v e only to in d ic a te the r e la t iv e im p o rta n c e o f the jo b s studied. T h e s e d iffe r e n c e s in occupational
stru ctu re do not a ffe c t m a t e r ia lly the a c c u ra c y o f the e a rn in g s data.
W a g e tre n d s fo r s e le c te d o ccu p ation al grou p s
The
A nnual ra te s
span b etw een
in c r e a s e d at

p e rc e n ts o f change in ta b le A - 7 r e la te to w age changes b etw een the in d ica ted dates.
o f in c r e a s e , w h e re shown, r e fle c t the amount o f in c r e a s e f o r 12 m onths when the tim e
s u rv e y s w as o th er than 12 m onths. Annual ra te s a re b a sed on the assum ption that w ages
a constant ra te b etw een su rv e y s .

O ccu pation s u sed to com pute w a ge tre n d s a re:
O ffic e c le r ic a l (m en and w o m e n ):
B oo k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B
C le r k s , accou n tin g, c la s s e s A and B
C le r k s , f i l e , c la s s e s A , B , and C
C le r k s , o r d e r
C le r k 8, p a y r o ll
K eypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s e s A and B
M essen gers
S e c r e ta r ie s
S te n o g ra p h e rs , g e n e r a l
S te n o g ra p h e rs , s e n io r
S w itch b oa rd o p e r a to r s , c la s s e s A and B
T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B
T y p is ts , c la s s e s A and B
E le c tr o n ic data p ro c e s s in g
(m en and w o m e n ):
C o m p u ter o p e r a to r s , c la s s e s A , B , and C
C o m p u te r p r o g r a m m e r s , c la s s e s A , B ,
and C

E le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g (m en
and w om en )— Continued
C o m p u ter s y s te m s an alysts, c la s s e s A ,
B , and C
In d u s tria l n u rses (m en and w o m e n ):
N u r s e s , in d u s tria l (r e g is t e r e d )
S k ille d m ain ten an ce (m e n ):
C a rp e n te rs
E le c tr ic ia n s
M a ch in ists
M ech a n ics
M e ch a n ics (a u to m o tiv e )
P a in te r s
P ip e fit t e r s
T o o l and die m a k e rs
U n s k ille d plant (m e n ):
J a n ito rs , p o r t e r s , and cle a n e rs
L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l handling

P e r c e n t changes fo r in d ivid u a l a re a s in the p r o g r a m a r e com p u ted as fo llo w s :
1. E ach occu pation is a ssig n ed a w eig h t b a sed on its p ro p o rtio n a te em p loym en t in the s e le c te d
gro u p o f occu pation s in the b a se y e a r .
2. T h e s e w e ig h ts a re used to com pute grou p a v e r a g e s .
E ach occu p a tio n 's a v e ra g e (m ean )
e a rn in g s is m u ltip lie d by its w e ig h t. T h e p rod u cts a re to ta le d to obtain a grou p a v e ra g e .
3. T h e r a tio o f grou p a v e ra g e s fo r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s is com p u ted by d ivid in g the a v e ra g e
fo r the c u rre n t y e a r by the a v e r a g e fo r the e a r l i e r y e a r . T h e r e s u lts — e x p r e s s e d as a p ercen t— le s s 100
is the o e r c e n t change.
E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c tic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s

1 Personal visits were on a 2-year c ycle before July 1972.
2 Included in the 83 areas are 13 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are Akron, Ohio; Austin, T e x . ; Binghamton,
N .Y . —P a .; Birmingham, A l a . ; Fort Lauderdale—Hollywood and West Palm Beach—Boca Raton, F la .; Lexington—Fayette, K y .; Melbourne— T itu s v ille Cocoa, F la .; Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, Va. —N. C . ; Poughkeepsie-Kingston—Newburgh, N . Y . ; Raleigh—
Durham, N . C . ; Syracuse, N .Y . ; Utica—R om e, N . Y . ; and Westchester County, N .Y . In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies in
approximately 70 areas at the request o f the Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department of Labor.




T a b u la tio n s on s e le c te d e s ta b lish m en t p r a c tic e s and s u p p lem en ta ry w age p ro v is io n s (B - s e r ie s
t a b le s ) a re not p re s e n te d ip th is b u lletin .
In fo rm a tio n fo r these, tabu lation s is c o lle c te d at 3 -y e a r
in te r v a ls . 1 T h e s e tabu lation s on m in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s f o r in e x p e rie n c e d o ffic e w o r k e r s ; shift
d iffe r e n tia ls ; sch ed u led w e e k ly hou rs and days; p a id h o lid a y s ; p aid v a c a tio n s ; and h ealth, in su ra n ce, and
pen sion plans a re p re s e n te d (in the B - s e r ie s t a b le s ) in p re v io u s b u lle tin s fo r th is area.

Establishm ents and w orkers w ith in scope of survey and num ber studied
in Jacksonville, F la .,' D ecem ber 1975

Indu stry d iv isio n 2

A l l d iv is io n s ____________ ____________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g _____________________________________
N on m a n u factu rin g________________________________
T ra n sp orta tion , com m unication, and
other public u tilitie s 5 _____________________
W h olesale tra d e 6 ______________________________
R e ta il trade 6___________________________________
Finance, in su ran ce, and r e a l estate 6 ______
S e rv ic e s 6 7 ________________________________ - _

M inim um
em ploym ent
in e s ta b lis h ­
m ents in scope
o f study

Num ber o f establishm ents

W o rk e rs in esta b lish m en ts
Within scope o f study 4

Within scope
o f study 3

Studied

_

482

50
-

50
50
50
50
50

Studied
Num ber

P e rc e n t

150

93,365

100

55,020

122
360

49
101

22,786
70,579

24
76

13,858
41,162

44
78
107
63
68

17
17
24
21
22

13,093
7, 181
24,309
17,680
8,316

14
8
26
19
9

10,572
2,279
12,865
11,888
3,558

1 The J a ck son ville Standard M etrop olitan S ta tistica l A r e a , as defined by the O ffic e o f Managem ent and Budget through F e b ru a ry 1974, co n sis ts
o f B a k er, C la y , Duval, N assau, and St. Johns C ou nties. The "w o r k e r s w ithin scope of study" estim a tes shown in this table p ro v id e a rea son a b ly
a ccu rate d e sc rip tio n o f the s iz e and com p osition o f the la b o r fo r c e included in the su rvey. E stim a tes a re not intended, h o w ev er, fo r co m p a ris on
with oth er em ploym ent indexes to m ea su re em ploym ent tren ds o r le v e ls since (1) planning of w age su rveys r e q u ir e s esta b lish m en t data co m p iled
co n sid era b ly in advance o f the p a y r o ll p e riod studied, and (2) s m a ll establishm ents are excluded fr o m the scope o f the su rvey.
2 The 1967 edition o f the Standard In d u strial C la s s ific a tio n Manual w as used in cla ss ify in g establishm ents by in d u stry d iv isio n .
3 Includes a ll establishm ents with tota l em ploym ent at o r above the m inim um lim ita tion . A l l outlets (within the a re a ) o f com p an ies in in d u stries
such as tra d e , fin an ce, auto re p a ir s e r v ic e , and m otion pictu re th ea te rs a re con sid ered as 1 establishm ent.
4 Includes a ll w o r k e r s in a ll establish m en ts with to ta l em ploym ent (w ithin the area) at o r above the m inim um lim ita tio n .
5 A b b re via te d to "public u tilit ie s " in the A - s e r i e s tab les. T a xicab s and s e r v ic e s inciden tal to w ater tra n sp ortation w e r e exclu ded. J a c k s o n v ille 's
e le c t r ic u tility and tra n sit system a re m u n icip a lly op erated and a re excluded by definition fro m the scope o f the su rve y.
6 Th is d iv isio n is rep resen ted in es tim a te s fo r " a ll in d u s tr ie s " and "nonm anufacturing" in the A - s e r ie s ta b le s .
Separate p resen ta tio n o f data
is not m ade fo r one o r m o re o f the fo llo w in g rea son s:
(1) E m ploym ent is too sm a ll to provide enough data to m e r it sepa rate study, (2) the sam ple
w as not designed in itia lly to p e rm it separate presen ta tio n , (3) response was in su fficien t or inadequate to p e rm it sep a ra te p resen ta tio n , and (4) th ere
is p o s s ib ility o f d is c lo s u re o f in d ividu al establishm ent data.
7 H otels and m o tels; laundries and other p erson a l s e r v ic e s ; business s e r v ic e s ; autom obile r e p a ir , ren ta l, and parking; m otion p ic tu res ;
n on profit m em b e rsh ip o rgan iza tio n s (excluding r e lig io u s and ch aritab le o rg a n iza tio n s); and en gin eerin g and a rc h ite c tu ra l s e r v ic e s .




Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

T h e p r im a r y pu rpose of p re p a rin g job d e s c rip tio n s fo r the B u rea u 's w age s u rv e y s is to a s s is t its fie ld s ta ff in c la s s ify in g into a p p ro p ria te
o ccu p ation s w o r k e r s who a re e m p lo y ed under a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o ll t itle s and d iffe re n t w o rk a rra n g e m e n ts fr o m esta b lish m en t to esta b lish m en t and
f r o m a r e a to a rea .
T h is p e rm its the grouping of o ccu p ation al w age ra te s re p re s e n tin g co m p a ra b le jo b content.
B eca u se o f th is em p h a sis on
in te re s ta b lis h m e n t and in te r a r e a co m p a ra b ility o f o ccu p ation al content, the B u re a u 's jo b d e s c rip tio n s m ay d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m th ose in use in
in d iv id u a l e sta b lish m en ts o r th ose p re p a re d fo r oth er p u rp o ses.
In applying th e s e jo b d e s c r ip tio n s , the B u rea u 's fie ld ec o n o m is ts a re in stru cted
to e x clu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s ; ap p ren tices; le a r n e r s ; b e g in n e rs ; tr a in e e s ; and h andicapped, p a r t - t im e , te m p o r a r y , and p ro b a tio n a ry w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
B I L L E R , M A C H IN E

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T IN G

P r e p a r e s s ta te m e n ts , b i l l s , and in v o ic e s on a m achine oth er than an o rd in a ry o r e le c tr o m a tic
t y p e w r it e r . M a y a ls o k eep r e c o r d s as to b illin g s o r shipping ch a rges o r p e r fo r m o th e r c le r ic a l w ork
in c id e n ta l to b illin g o p e ra tio n s . F o r w a ge study p u rp o s e s , b ille r s , m ach in e, a re c la s s ifie d by typ e of
m a ch in e, as fo llo w s :

P e r fo r m s one or m o r e accounting c le r ic a l ta sk s such as p ostin g to r e g is t e r s and le d g e r s ;
r e c o n c ilin g bank accounts; v e r ify in g the in te rn a l c o n s is te n c y , c o m p le te n e s s , and m a th em a tica l a ccu ra cy
of accounting docu m ents; assign in g p r e s c r ib e d accounting d istrib u tio n c o d es; exam in in g and v e r ify in g
fo r c le r ic a l a c c u ra c y v a rio u s ty p es o f r e p o r ts , lis t s , c a lc u la tio n s , p o stin g , e tc .; o r p re p a rin g sim p le o r
a s s is tin g in p re p a rin g m o r e c o m p lic a te d jo u rn a l vo u c h e rs . M ay w o rk in e ith e r a m anual o r autom ated
accounting s ystem .

B i l l e r , m ach in e (b illin g m a c h in e ).
U ses a s p e c ia l b illin g m achine (com b in ation typ in g and
adding m a c h in e ) to p r e p a r e b ills and in v o ic e s fr o m c u s to m e rs ' pu rchase o r d e r s , in te rn a lly p re p a re d
o r d e r s , shipping m em o ra n d u m s , e tc .
U s u a lly in v o lv e s ap p lication of p re d e te rm in e d discou nts and
shipping c h a rg e s and e n try o f n e c e s s a r y ex te n s io n s , w hich m ay o r m ay not be com puted on the b illin g
m a ch in e, and to ta ls w h ich a r e a u to m a tic a lly accum ulated by m ach in e. T h e op era tion u su ally in v o lv e s a
la r g e n u m b er o f ca rb on c o p ie s o f the b ill bein g p re p a re d and is often done on a fa n fo ld m achine.
B i l l e r , m a ch in e (b o o k k eep in g m a c h in e ). U ses a bookkeeping m achine (w ith o r w ithout a
t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a rd ) to p r e p a r e c u s to m e r s ' b ills as p art o f the accounts r e c e iv a b le op era tio n .
G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s the sim u ltan eou s e n try of fig u r e s on c u s to m e rs ' le d g e r r e c o rd .
Th e m achine
a u to m a tic a lly accu m u lates fig u r e s on a n u m b er of v e r t ic a l colum ns and com putes and usu ally p rin ts
a u to m a tic a lly the debit o r c r e d it b a la n c e s . D oes not in v o lv e a kn ow ledge of book k eep in g. W o rk s fro m
u n ifo rm and stan dard ty p es o f s a le s and c r e d it s lip s.

T h e w o rk r e q u ir e s a k n ow led ge o f c le r ic a l m ethods and o ffic e p r a c tic e s and p ro c e d u re s w hich
r e la te s to the c le r ic a l p r o c e s s in g and r e c o rd in g of tra n s a c tio n s and accounting in fo rm a tio n .
W ith
e x p e r ie n c e , the w o r k e r ty p ic a lly b e c o m e s fa m ilia r w ith the b ookkeepin g and accounting te r m s and
p ro c e d u re s used in the a ssig n ed w o rk , but is not r e q u ire d to have a k n ow led ge of the fo r m a l p rin c ip le s
o f book k eep in g and accounting.
P o s itio n s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d efin ition s.
G la ss A . U n d er g e n e r a l s u p e rv is io n , p e r fo r m s accounting c le r ic a l op era tion s which re q u ire
the ap p lica tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d gm en t, fo r e x a m p le , c le r ic a lly p ro c e s s in g c o m p lic a te d o r
n o n re p e titiv e accounting tra n s a c tio n s , s e le c tin g among a su bstan tial v a r ie t y o f p r e s c r ib e d accounting
co d es and c la s s ific a tio n s , o r tr a c in g tra n s a c tio n s though p re v io u s accounting action s to d eterm in e
s o u rce o f d is c r e p a n c ie s . M a y be a s s is te d b y one o r m o r e c la s s B accounting c le r k s .

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

O p e ra te s a b ook k eep in g m ach in e (w ith o r w ithout a ty p e w r ite r k ey b o a rd ) to k e e p a r e c o r d of
b u sin ess tra n s a c tio n s .
C la s s A . K e e p s a set o f r e c o r d s re q u irin g a kn ow ledge o f and e x p e rie n c e in b a s ic bookkeepin g
p r in c ip le s , and fa m ilia r it y w ith the s tru c tu re o f the p a rtic u la r accounting s y s te m used.
D e term in es
p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d is trib u tio n o f d eb it and c r e d it ite m s to be used in each phase o f th e w o rk . M ay
p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b a la n ce sh e e ts , and oth er r e c o rd s by hand.

C la s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e phases or sectio n s o f a set o f r e c o r d s usually
re q u irin g lit t le k n o w led g e o f b a s ic b o ok k eep in g. P h a ses o r section s include accounts p a y a b le, p a y r o ll,
c u s to m e r s ' accounts (not in clu d in g a s im p le typ e of b illin g d e s c rib e d under b i l l e r , m a c h in e ), cost
d is trib u tio n , exp en se d is trib u tio n , in v e n to r y c o n tro l, etc. M a y check o r a ss is t in p re p a ra tio n o f t r ia l
b a la n ces and p r e p a r e c o n tr o l sh eets fo r the accounting d epartm en t.




C la s s B . U n der c lo s e s u p e rv is io n , fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in stru ctio n s and stan d ard ized p ro c e d u re s ,
p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e rou tin e accounting c le r ic a l o p e ra tio n s , such as p ostin g to le d g e r s , c a rd s , o r
w o rk s h e e ts w h e re id e n tific a tio n o f ite m s and lo c a tio n s of p ostin gs a re c le a r ly in d icated ; checking
a c c u ra c y and c o m p le te n e s s o f s ta n d a rd ized and r e p e titiv e r e c o r d s o r accounting docum ents; and coding
docum ents using a fe w p r e s c r ib e d accounting cod es.
C L E R K , F IL E
F ile s , c la s s ifie s , and r e t r ie v e s m a te r ia l in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g system .
M ay p e r fo r m
c l e r i c a l and m anual task s r e q u ir e d to m ain tain file s . P o s itio n s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the b asis
o f the fo llo w in g d efin itio n s .
C la s s A . C la s s ifie s and
d ocu m en ts, e tc ., in an e s ta b lis h e d
M a y a ls o f i l e th is m a te r ia l.
M ay
le a d a s m a ll gro u p o f lo w e r l e v e l

in d exes file m a te r ia l such as c o rre s p o n d e n c e , re p o r ts , tech n ica l
filin g s y s te m containing a n u m ber o f v a r ie d su bject m a tte r file s .
k eep re c o r d s o f v a rio u s ty p es in conjunction w ith the file s .
M ay
f ile c le r k s .

S E C R E T A R Y — Continue d
C la s s B . S o rts , c o d e s , and file s u n c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l b y s im p le (s u b je c t m a t t e r ) headings
o r p a r tly c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l b y fin e r subheadings. P r e p a r e s s im p le re la te d in d ex and c r o s s - r e fe r e n c e
aids. As re q u e s te d , lo c a te s c le a r ly id e n tifie d m a te r ia l in f ile s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l. M ay p e r fo r m
re la te d c le r ic a l ta sk s r e q u ir e d to m ain tain and s e r v ic e file s .
C la s s C . P e r fo r m s rou tine filin g o f m a te r ia l that has a lre a d y been c la s s ifie d o r w h ich is
e a s ily c la s s ifie d in a s im p le s e r ia l c la s s ific a tio n s y s te m (e .g ., a lp h a b etica l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r
n u m e ric a l). A s re q u e s te d , lo c a te s re a d ily a v a ila b le m a te r ia l in f ile s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l; and m ay
f i l l out w ith d ra w a l ch a rg e . M a y p e r fo r m sim p le c le r ic a l and m anual ta sk s r e q u ir e d to m aintain and
s e r v ic e f ile s .
C L E R K , ORDER

E x c lu s io n s
N ot a ll p o sition s that a re title d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the above c h a r a c t e r is t ic s .
p o sitio n s w hich a re exclu ded fr o m the d e fin itio n a re as fo llo w s :
a.

P o s itio n s w hich do not m e e t the "p e r s o n a l" s e c r e t a r y con cep t d e s c r ib e d above;

b.

S ten ograp h ers not fu lly tra in e d in s e c r e t a r ia l typ e duties;

c.
Sten ograp h ers
m a n a g e r ia l p erson s;

s e rv in g

as

o ffic e

a ss is ta n ts

to

a gro u p

o f p r o fe s s io n a l,

d. S e c r e ta r y p ositio n s in w h ich the d u ties a re e ith e r su b sta n tia lly m o r e
s ta n tia lly m o re co m p lex and res p o n s ib le than th o se c h a r a c t e r iz e d in the d e fin itio n ;

R e c e iv e s c u s to m e rs * o r d e r s f o r m a t e r ia l o r m e rc h a n d is e b y m a il, phone, o r p e rs o n a lly .
D uties in v o lv e any com b in ation o f the fo llo w in g : Q uoting p r ic e s to c u s to m e rs ; m akin g out an o r d e r
sh eet lis tin g the ite m s to m ak e up the o r d e r ; ch eck in g p r ic e s and qu an tities o f ite m s on o r d e r sheet;
and d istrib u tin g o r d e r sh eets to r e s p e c tiv e d ep a rtm en ts to be fille d . M a y ch eck w ith c r e d it departm en t
to d e te rm in e c r e d it ra tin g o f c u s to m e r, a ckn ow ledge r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s to m e r s , fo llo w up
o r d e r s to s ee that th ey h ave been fille d , k eep file o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and ch eck shipping in v o ic e s
w ith o rig in a l o r d e r s .
CLERK, P A Y R O LL
Com pu tes w a g es o f com pany e m p lo y e e s and e n te rs the n e c e s s a r y data on the p a y r o ll sh eets.
D uties in v o lv e :
C a lcu la tin g w o r k e r s ' ea rn in gs b a sed on tim e o r prod u ction r e c o r d s ; and p ostin g
c a lcu la ted data on p a y r o ll sh e e t, showing in fo rm a tio n such as w o r k e r 's n am e, w d rk in g days, tim e ,
ra te , deductions fo r in s u ra n c e , and to ta l w a ges due. M a y m ake out p aych eck s and a s s is t p a y m a s te r
in m aking up and d istrib u tin g pay en v e lo p e s .
M a y use a ca lc u la tin g m ach in e.
KEYPUNCH O PERATO R
O p era tes a keypunch m ach in e to r e c o r d o r v e r i f y
ca rd s o r on tape.
P o s itio n s a re c la s s ifie d in to le v e ls

a lp h ab etic and/or n u m e ric data on tabulating

on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d efin itio n s .

C la s s A . W o rk re q u ir e s the a p p lication o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d gm en t in s e le c tin g p ro c e d u re s
to be fo llo w e d and in se a rc h in g fo r , in te r p r e tin g , s e le c tin g , o r codin g ite m s to be keypunched fr o m a
v a r ie t y o f s o u rce docum ents. On o cca sio n m a y a ls o p e r fo r m som e rou tin e keypunch w o rk . M ay tra in
in e x p e rie n c e d keypunch o p e ra to rs .
C la s s B . W o rk is rou tine and r e p e titiv e .
U n der c lo s e s u p e rv is io n o r fo llo w in g s p e c ific
p ro c e d u re s o r in s tru c tio n s , w o rk s fr o m v a rio u s s ta n d a rd ized s o u rc e docum ents w hich h ave been cod ed ,
and fo llo w s s p e c ifie d p ro c e d u re s w hich have been p r e s c r ib e d in d e ta il and r e q u ir e lit t le o r no s e le c tin g ,
codin g, o r in te rp re tin g o f data to be r e c o rd e d . R e fe r s to s u p e r v is o r p ro b le m s a r is in g fr o m e rro n e o u s
ite m s o r co d es o r m is s in g in fo rm a tio n .
M E SSE N G E R

E x a m p le s of

te c h n ic a l,

or

rou tin e o r sub­

e.
A ssista n t type p ositio n s w hich in v o lv e m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e r e s p o n s ib le te c h n ic a l,
a d m in is tra tiv e , s u p e rv is o ry * o r s p e c ia liz e d c le r i c a l d u ties w h ich a re not t y p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r ia l
w o rk .
N O T E : T h e t e r m "c o r p o r a te o f f ic e r , " u sed in the l e v e l d e fin itio n s fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to th ose
o ffic ia ls who have a sig n ifica n t c o r p o r a te -w id e p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r com pany
a c tiv itie s .
The t it le " v ic e p r e s id e n t ," though n o r m a lly in d ic a tiv e o f th is r o le , does not in a ll c a s e s
id e n tify such p osition s. V ic e p re s id e n ts w h ose p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ility is to act p e r s o n a lly on in d iv id u a l
c a s e s o r tra n sa ction s (e .g ., approve o r deny in d iv id u a l loan o r c r e d it actio n s; a d m in is te r in d iv id u a l
tru st accounts; d ir e c tly s u p e rv is e a c le r ic a l s t a ff) a re not c o n s id e r e d to be " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " fo r
p u rp oses o f applying the fo llo w in g l e v e l d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A
1. S e c re ta ry to the ch airm an o f the b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t o f a com p an y that e m p lo y s ,
o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5, 000 p e rs o n s ; o r

in a ll,

2.
S e c re ta ry to a c o rp o ra te o ffic e r (o th e r than the ch a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t) o f a
com pany that em p lo ys, in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 but fe w e r than 25, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e ta r y to the head, im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the c o r p o r a te o f f ic e r l e v e l, o f a m a jo r segm en t
o r s u b s id ia ry of a com pany that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la s s B
1. S e c re ta ry to the ch airm an o f the b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t o f a com p an y that e m p lo y s ,
fe w e r than 100 p e rs o n s ; or

in a ll,

2.
S e c re ta ry to a c o rp o ra te o f f ic e r (o th e r than the ch a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t) o f a
com pany that em p lo ys, in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; or
3. S e c re ta ry to the head, im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the o f f ic e r l e v e l, o v e r e ith e r a m a jo r c o r p o r a t e ­
w id e fu n ction al a c tiv ity (e .g ., m a rk e tin g , r e s e a r c h , o p e ra tio n s , in d u s tria l r e la tio n s , e t c .) o r a m a jo r
g e o g ra p h ic o r o rg a n iza tio n a l segm en t (e .g ., a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a rte rs ; a m a jo r d iv is io n ) o f a com pany
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5,000 but fe w e r than 25,0 0 0 e m p lo y e e s ; o r

P e r fo r m s v a rio u s rou tin e duties such as running e r r a n d s , o p era tin g m in o r o ffic e m ach in es
such as s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , opening and d is trib u tin g m a il, and o th e r m in o r c le r ic a l w o rk . E xclu de
p o sition s that re q u ir e o p era tio n o f a m o to r v e h ic le as a sig n ific a n t duty.

4.
S e c re ta ry to the head o f an in d iv id u a l p lan t,
o f f ic ia l) that e m p lo y s, in a ll, o v e r 5,000 p e r s o n s ; o r

SECRETARY

5.
S e c r e ta r y to the head *of a la r g e and im p o rta n t o r g a n iz a tio n a l segm en t (e .g ., a m id d le
m an agem en t s u p e rv is o r o f an o rg a n iz a tio n a l segm en t often in v o lv in g as m an y as s e v e r a l hundred
p e r s o n s ) o r a com pany that em p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,000 p e r s o n s .

A s s ig n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o rm a lly to one in d ivid u a l.
M ain tain s a c lo s e and h igh ly
re s p o n s iv e re la tio n s h ip to the d a y -to -d a y w o rk o f the s u p e r v is o r . W o rk s f a i r l y in depen den tly
re c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e ta ile d s u p e rv is io n and gu idan ce. P e r fo r m s v a r ie d c le r ic a l and s e c r e t a r ia l
du ties, u su ally in clu din g m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
a.
R e c e iv e s telep h o n e c a lls , p e rs o n a l c a lle r s , and in co m in g m a il, a n s w e rs rou tin e in q u irie s ,
and rou tes te c h n ic a l in q u irie s to the p r o p e r p e rs o n s ;
b.

M ain tain s the s u p e r v is o r 's c a le n d a r and m ak es appointm ents as in s tru c te d ;

d.
v is o r 's

E s ta b lis h e s ,

c.

m a in ta in s ,

and r e v is e s the

s u p e r v is o r 's

R e la y s m e s s a g e s fr o m

P e r fo r m s

s u p e r v is o r to su b ord in ates;

sten o gra p h ic and typin g w o rk .

M a y a ls o p e r fo r m o th e r c le r ic a l and s e c r e t a r ia l tasks o f c o m p a ra b le n atu re and d iffic u lty .
Th e w o rk ty p ic a lly re q u ir e s k n ow led ge o f o ffic e rou tin e and u nderstanding o f the o rg a n iz a tio n , p r o g r a m s ,
and p ro c e d u re s re la te d to the w o rk o f the s u p e rv is o r.




e tc. (o r o th e r eq u iva len t

le v e l of

C la s s C
1. S e c re ta ry to an e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e rs o n w h ose r e s p o n s ib ility is not e q u iv a le n t to
one of the s p e c ific le v e l situations in the d e fin itio n fo r c la s s B, but w h ose o rg a n iz a tio n a l unit
n o r m a lly num bers at le a s t s e v e r a l dozen e m p lo y e e s and is u su ally d iv id e d into o r g a n iz a tio n a l segm en ts
w h ich a re often, in turn, fu rth e r subdivided. In so m e c o m p a n ie s , th is l e v e l in clu d es a w id e ran ge of
o rg a n iz a tio n a l ech elo n s; in o th e rs , only one o r tw o;

f ile s ;

e.
R e v ie w s c o rre s p o n d e n c e , m em o ra n d u m s, and re p o r ts p r e p a r e d by o th ers fo r the s u p e r­
sign a tu re to a ssu re p r o c e d u r a l and ty p o g ra p h ic a ccu ra cy ;
f.

fa c t o r y ,

2.
S e c re ta ry to the head o f an in d iv id u a l p lan t,
o f f ic ia l) that e m p lo y s, in a ll, fe w e r than 5, 000 p e rs o n s

fa c t o r y ,

e tc.

(o r o th er eq u iv a le n t l e v e l of

C la s s D
1. S e c re ta ry to the
about 25 o r 30 p e rs o n s ); £ r

s u p e rv is o r

or

h ead

of

a s m a ll

o r g a n iz a tio n a l

unit

(e .g .,

fe w e r

than

2.
S e c re ta ry to a non s u p e r v is o r y s ta ff s p e c ia lis t , p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is tr a tiv e
o f f ic e r , o r assistan t, s k ille d tech n icia n o r e x p e r t.
(N O T E :
M an y co m p a n ies a ssig n s te n o g ra p h e rs ,
r a th e r than s e c r e ta r ie s as d e s c r ib e d ab o ve, to th is l e v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e rv is o ry w o r k e r .)

P r im a r y duty is to take d icta tio n using shorthand, and to tra n s c rib e the d icta tio n . M ay a lso
typ e fr o m w ritte n cop y.
M a y o p e ra te fr o m a sten ograp h ic pool.
M a y o c c a s io n a lly t r a n s c r ib e fr o m
v o ic e r e c o rd in g s ( i f p r im a r y duty is tr a n s c r ib in g fr o m r e c o rd in g s , see T ra n s c rib in g -M a c h in e O p e ra to r,
G e n e r a l).

O p era tes one o r a v a r ie t y o f m ach in es such as the ta b u la to r, c a lc u la to r , c o lla to r , in te r p r e te r ,
s o r t e r , rep ro d u cin g punch, e tc. E xclu d ed fr o m th is d efin itio n a re w o rk in g s u p e rv is o rs . A ls o exclu ded
a re o p e ra to rs o f e le c tr o n ic d ig ita l com p u te rs , even though th ey m ay a lso o p era te E A M equipm ent.

N O T E ; T h is jo b is d is tin g u is h e d fr o m that o f a s e c r e ta r y in that a s e c r e t a r y n o r m a lly w o rk s
in a co n fid e n tia l r e la tio n s h ip w ith o n ly one m a n a g er o r exe c u tiv e and p e rfo rm s m o r e re s p o n s ib le and
d is c r e t io n a r y tasks as d e s c r ib e d in the s e c r e t a r y job d efin ition .

G lass A . P e r fo r m s c o m p le te re p o rtin g and tabulating assign m en ts including d evisin g d iffic u lt
c o n tro l pan el w ir in g under g e n e r a l s u p ervisio n .
A s s ig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e a v a r ie t y o f long and
co m p le x re p o r ts w h ich often a re ir r e g u la r o r n o n re c u rrin g , re q u irin g som e planning of the nature and
sequ encing o f o p e ra tio n s , and the use of a v a r ie ty o f m a ch in es. Is ty p ic a lly in v o lv e d in tra in in g new
o p e ra to rs in m ach in e o p era tio n s o r tra in in g l o w e r 'l e v e l o p e ra to rs in w irin g fr o m d ia g ra m s and in
the o p era tin g sequ en ces of long and c o m p le x re p o r ts .
D oes not inclu de p o sition s in w hich w irin g
re s p o n s ib ility is lim ite d to s e le c tio n and in s e rtio n o f p r e w ir e d b o a rd s.

S te n o g ra p h e r, G e n e r a l
D ictation in v o lv e s a n o rm a l rou tin e v o ca b u la ry.
o r p e r fo r m o th er r e la t iv e ly ro u tin e c le r ic a l ta sk s.

M ay m aintain

file s ,

k eep

s im p le

record s,

S te n o g ra p h e r, S e n io r
D ictation in v o lv e s a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d vo c a b u la ry such as in
re p o r ts on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h . M a y a ls o set up and m aintain f ile s , keep re c o r d s , e tc.

le g a l b r ie fs

or

OR
P e r fo r m s ste n o g ra p h ic duties re q u irin g s ig n ific a n tly g r e a t e r independence and r e s p o n s ib ility
than s te n o g ra p h e r, g e n e r a l, as e v id e n c e d by the fo llo w in g : W ork r e q u ire s a high d e g r e e o f sten ogra p h ic
speed and a c c u ra c y ; a th orou gh w o rk in g k n o w led ge o f g e n e ra l b u sin ess and o ffic e p ro c e d u re ; and of
the s p e c ific b u sin ess o p e r a tio n s , o r g a n iz a tio n , p o lic ie s , p ro c e d u re s , file s , w o r k flo w , e tc . U ses th is
k n o w led g e in p e r fo r m in g ste n o g ra p h ic du ties and res p o n s ib le c le r ic a l tasks such as m ain tain in g follow u p
f ile s ; a s s e m b lin g m a te r ia l fo r r e p o r t s , m em o ra n d u m s, and le t t e r s ; com posing s im p le le t t e r s fr o m
g e n e r a l in s tru c tio n s ; rea d in g and rou tin g in com in g m a il; and answ ering routine q u estio n s, e tc .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C la s s A .
O p e ra te s a s in g le - o r m u ltip le -p o s itio n teleph on e sw itch b oard handling in co m in g ,
ou tgoin g, in tra p la n t o r o ffic e c a lls . P e r f o r m s fu ll telephone in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e o r handles co m p le x
c a lls , such as c o n fe r e n c e , c o lle c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s im ila r c a lls , e ith e r in addition to doing rou tin e w o rk
as d e s c r ib e d fo r s w itc h b o a rd o p e r a to r , c la s s B , o r as a fu ll-tim e , assign m en t.
( " F u l l " telep h on e
in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e o c c u rs when the e sta b lish m en t has v a r ie d functions that a re not r e a d ily
u n derstan dable fo r telep h o n e in fo rm a tio n p u rp o s e s , e .g ., becau se o f o v erla p p in g o r in te r r e la te d
fu n ction s, and con seq u en tly p re s e n t fre q u e n t p ro b le m s as to which exten sion s a re a p p ro p ria te fo r c a lls . )
C la s s B . O p e ra te s a s in g le - o r m u ltip le -p o s itio n teleph on e sw itch board handling in c o m in g ,
ou tgo in g, in tra p la n t o r o ffic e c a lls .
M a y handle routine long d istance ca lls and r e c o r d t o lls .
M ay
p e r fo r m lim ite d telep h o n e in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e . ( " L im it e d " teleph on e in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e o c c u rs i f the
fu n ction s of the e s ta b lis h m e n t s e r v ic e d a re r e a d ily u nderstandable fo r telephone in fo rm a tio n p u r p o s e s ,
o r i f the req u e s ts a re ro u tin e , e .g ., g iv in g ex ten sio n num bers when s p e c ific nam es a re fu rn ish ed , o r if
c o m p le x c a lls a re r e f e r r e d to an oth er o p e r a t o r .)
T h e s e c la s s ific a t io n s
c u s to m e rs in p la cin g c a lls .

do not in clu d e sw itch b oard o p e ra to rs in telephone com p a n ies who a s s is t

P o s itio n s

a re c la s s ifie d in to le v e ls on the b a s is of the fo llo w in g d efin ition s.

C la s s B . P e r fo r m s w o rk a cco rd in g to e s ta b lis h e d p ro c e d u re s and under s p e c ific in stru ction s.
A ssig n m en ts t y p ic a lly in v o lv e c o m p le te but routine and r e c u rrin g r e p o r ts o r p arts o f la r g e r and m o re
c o m p le x re p o r ts .
O p era tes m o r e d iffic u lt tabulating o r e le c t r ic a l accounting m achines such as the
ta b u la tor and c a lc u la to r , in addition to the s im p le r m ach in es used by c la s s C o p e ra to rs .
M ay be
r e q u ire d to do som e w ir in g fr o m d ia g ra m s .
M ay tra in new e m p lo y e e s in b a s ic m achine operation s.
C la s s C . U n d er s p e c ific in s tru c tio n s , o p e ra te s sim p le tabu lating o r e le c t r ic a l accounting
m ach in es such as the s o r t e r , in t e r p r e t e r , rep ro d u cin g punch, c o lla t o r , e tc.
A ssign m en ts ty p ic a lly
in v o lv e p o rtio n s o f a w o rk unit, fo r e x a m p le , in d ivid u a l so rtin g o r co lla tin g runs, o r re p e titiv e
o p e ra tio n s .
M a y p e r fo r m sim p le w ir in g fr o m d ia g ra m s , and do som e filin g w ork.
T R A N S C R IB IN G .-M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L
P r im a r y duty is to t r a n s c r ib e d ictation in v o lv in g a n o rm a l rou tin e vo ca b u la ry fr o m tr a n ­
s c rib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M ay a ls o typ e fr o m w ritte n cop y and do s im p le c le r ic a l w o rk . W o rk e rs
tr a n s c r ib in g d icta tion in v o lv in g a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la ry such as le g a l b r ie fs o r
re p o r ts on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h a re not inclu ded.
A w o r k e r who takes dictation in shorthand o r by
Stenotype o r s im ila r m ach in e is c la s s ifie d as a s ten o g ra p h er.
T Y P IS T
U ses a t y p e w r it e r to m ake c o p ie s of v a rio u s m a te r ia ls o r to m ake out b ills a fte r ca lcu lation s
have been m ade b y another p erso n .
M ay inclu de typ in g o f s te n c ils , m a ts , o r s im ila r m a te r ia ls fo r
use in du plicatin g p r o c e s s e s . M a y do c l e r i c a l w o rk in v o lv in g lit t le s p e c ia l tra in in g , such as keeping
s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r ts , o r s o rtin g and d istrib u tin g in com in g m a il.
C la s s _ A .
P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : T y p in g m a te r ia l in fin a l fo r m when it
in v o lv e s com b in in g m a t e r ia l fr o m s e v e r a l so u rc e s ; o r r e s p o n s ib ility fo r c o r r e c t s p e llin g , sy lla b ic a tio n ,
punctuation, e t c ., o f te c h n ic a l o r unusual w o rd s o r fo r e ig n langu age m a t e r ia l; o r planning layou t and
typ in g o f c o m p lic a te d s ta tis tic a l ta b le s to m aintain u n ifo rm ity and b alan ce in spacin g. M ay typ e routine
fo r m le t t e r s , v a ry in g d e ta ils to suit c irc u m s ta n c e s .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T IO N IS T
In addition to p e r fo r m in g du ties o f o p e r a to r on a s in g le -p o s itio n o r m o n ito r -ty p e s w itch b o a rd ,
acts as r e c e p tio n is t and m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r fo r m routine c le r ic a l w ork as part o f r e g u la r d u ties. T h is
typ in g o r c le r ic a l w o rk m a y take the m a jo r p a rt o f th is w o r k e r 's tim e w h ile at sw itch b oa rd .

C la s s B . P e r fo r m s one o r me re o f the fo llo w in g : Copy typ in g fr o m rough o r c le a r d ra fts;
o r rou tin e typ in g o f fo r m s , in su ran ce p o lic ie s , e tc ; o r settin g up s im p le standard tab u lation s; o r
cop yin g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s a lre a d y set up and sp a ced p r o p e r ly .

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
CO M PUTER O PERATO R

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — Continued

M o n ito rs and o p e r a te s the c o n tr o l c o n s o le o f a d ig ita l com p u ter to p r o c e s s data a c c o rd in g to
o p e ra tin g in s tru c tio n s , u su a lly p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m m e r .
W ork includes m o st o f the fo llo w in g ;
Stu dies in s tru c tio n s to d e te r m in e equ ip m en t setup and o p era tio n s; loads equ ipm ent w ith re q u ire d
ite m s (ta p e r e e ls , c a r d s , e t c .); sw itc h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia ry equipm ent into c ir c u it , and sta rts and
o p e ra te s c o m p u ter; m a k es ad ju stm en ts to co m p u te r to c o r r e c t o p era tin g p ro b le m s and m e e t s p e c ia l
c o n d itio n s; r e v ie w s e r r o r s m ad e during o p e ra tio n and d e te rm in e s cause o r r e fe r s p r o b le m to
s u p e r v is o r o r p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a in ta in s o p era tin g re c o r d s .
M ay test and a s s is t in c o r r e c tin g
program .

G la s s B . O p era tes in d ep en d en tly, o r under only g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n , a co m p u ter running
p ro g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c te r is tic s : M o st o f the p r o g r a m s a re e s ta b lish ed produ ction
runs, ty p ic a lly run on a r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; th e re is lit t le o r no testin g o f n ew p ro g ra m s
r e q u ire d ; a lte rn a te p ro g r a m s a re p r o v id e d in case o r ig in a l p r o g r a m n eed s m a jo r change o r cannot be
c o r r e c t e d w ith in a re a s o n a b ly tim e . In com m on e r r o r situ a tio n s, d ia g n o ses cause and ta k es c o r r e c t iv e
action .
T h is u su ally in v o lv e s applying p r e v io u s ly p ro g ra m m e d c o r r e c t iv e step s, o r using standard
c o r r e c tio n tech n iq u es.
OR

F o r w a ge study p u rp o s e s ,

c o m p u te r o p e ra to rs

are c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A .
O p e ra te s in d ep en d en tly, o r under only g e n e r a l d ire c tio n , a co m p u ter running
p r o g r a m s w ith m o st o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c te r is tic s :
N ew p ro g ra m s a re fre q u e n tly te s te d and
in trod u ced ; sch edu lin g r e q u ir e m e n ts a re o f c r it ic a l im p o rta n ce to m in im iz e d ow n tim e; the p ro g ra m s
a r e o f c o m p le x d esign so that id e n tific a tio n o f e r r o r sou rce often r e q u ire s a w o rk in g k n ow led ge o f the
to ta l p r o g r a m , and a lte rn a te p r o g r a m s m a y not be a v a ila b le .
M ay g iv e d ire c tio n and gu idance to
lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a to r s .




O p e ra te s under
w ith the c h a r a c t e r is t ic s
p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt
and w ith fre q u e n t r e v ie w

d ir e c t s u p e rv is io n a co m p u te r running p r o g r a m s o r segm en ts o f p ro g ra m s
d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A. M a y a s s is t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e ra to r b y independently
ta sk s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt ta sk s fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in stru ctio n s
o f o p e ra tio n s p e r fo r m e d .

C la s s C . W o rk s on rou tin e p ro g r a m s under c lo s e s u p e rv is io n . Is ex p e c te d to d e v e lo p w o rk in g
k n ow led ge o f the co m p u te r equ ipm ent used and a b ility to d e tect p ro b le m s in v o lv e d in running routine
p r o g r a m s . U s u a lly has r e c e iv e d som e fo r m a l tra in in g in co m p u ter o p e ra tio n . M ay a s s is t h igh er le v e l
o p e r a to r on c o m p le x p ro g r a m s .

C o n v e rts sta tem en ts o f b u sin ess p ro b le m s , ty p ic a lly p re p a re d by a sy s te m s an alyst, into a
sequence of d e ta ile d in stru ctio n s w hich a re re q u ire d to s o lv e the p ro b le m s by au tom atic data p ro c e s s in g
equipm ent. W o rk in g fr o m c h a rts o r d ia g ra m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s the p r e c is e in s tru c tio n s which,
when en te re d into the co m p u ter s y s te m in coded lan gu age, cause the m anipu lation o f data to a ch ieve
d e s ir e d res u lts .
W o rk in v o lv e s m ost of the fo llo w in g : A p p lie s k n ow led ge o f co m p u ter c a p a b ilitie s ,
m a th em a tics, lo g ic e m p lo y e d by c o m p u te rs , and p a r tic u la r su b ject m a tte r in v o lv e d to a n a lyze ch arts
and d ia g ra m s o f the p ro b le m to be p ro g ra m m e d ; d ev e lo p s sequ en ce of p ro g r a m step s; w r ite s d eta iled
flo w ch arts to show o r d e r in w h ich data w ill be p ro c e s s e d ; c o n v e rts th e s e c h a rts to cod ed in stru ction s
fo r m achine to fo llo w ; te s ts and c o r r e c t s p ro g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s tru c tio n s fo r o p e ra tin g p erso n n el
during produ ction run; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lte r s p ro g ra m s to in c r e a s e o p era tin g e ffic ie n c y o r
adapt to new re q u ire m e n ts ; m ain tain s re c o r d s o f p r o g r a m d evelo p m en t and re v is io n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s
p e rfo rm in g both s y s te m s an a lysis and p ro g ra m m in g should be c la s s ifie d as s y s te m s a n alysts if th is is
the s k ill used to d e te rm in e th e ir p a y .)
Does not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily re s p o n s ib le fo r the m an agem en t o r s u p e rv is io n o f oth er
e le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o g r a m m e r s p r im a r ily con c e rn e d w ith s c ie n tific and/or
en g in eerin g p ro b le m s .
F o r w age study p u rp o s e s ,

p rogra m m ers

a re c la s s ifie d

as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W o rk s in depen den tly o r under only g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on co m p le x p ro b le m s w hich
re q u ire co m p eten ce in a ll phases o f p ro g ra m m in g con cep ts and p r a c tic e s .
W o rk in g fr o m d ia g ra m s
and ch arts w hich id e n tify the nature o f d e s ir e d re s u lts , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g steps to be a cc o m p lis h e d ,
and the rela tio n s h ip s b etw een v a rio u s steps o f the p ro b le m s o lv in g rou tin e; plans the fu ll range
o f p ro g ra m m in g action s n eed ed to e ffic ie n tly u tiliz e the co m p u ter s y s te m in ach ievin g d e s ir e d
end products.
At this l e v e l, p r o g ra m m in g is d iffic u lt b eca u se co m p u ter equ ipm ent m ust be o rg a n iz e d to
produce s e v e r a l in t e r r e la t e d but d iv e r s e p rodu cts fr o m n u m erou s and d iv e r s e data e le m e n ts . A w ide
v a r ie ty and e x te n s iv e nu m ber o f in te rn a l p ro c e s s in g action s must o c c u r. T h is r e q u ir e s such action s as
d evelopm en t o f com m on o p e ra tio n s w hich can be reu sed , e sta b lish m en t o f lin k a ge poin ts b etw een
o p era tio n s, adju stm en ts to data when p r o g r a m re q u ire m e n ts e x c e e d c o m p u te r s to ra g e c a p a c ity , and
substantial m anipu lation and reseq u en cin g o f data e le m e n ts to fo r m a h igh ly in te g ra te d p ro g ra m .
M ay

p ro v id e

fu n ction al

d ir e c tio n to

lo w e r l e v e l

p ro gra m m ers

who a re

s y stem s

an a lysts a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

C la ss A . W ork s independently o r under only g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on c o m p lex p ro b le m s in v o lv in g
a ll phases o f system an a lysis.
P ro b le m s a r e c o m p le x b eca u se o f d iv e r s e so u rc e s o f input data and
m u ltip le -u s e req u irem en ts o f output data. (F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in te g ra te d p rod u ction sch edu lin g,
in v e n to ry c o n tro l, cost a n a ly sis, and sa les a n a ly sis r e c o r d in w hich e v e r y ite m o f each typ e is
a u to m a tic a lly p r o c e s s e d through the fu ll s y s te m o f r e c o r d s and a p p ro p ria te follo w u p action s a re in itia te d
by the c o m p u te r.) C o n fe rs w ith p erson s c o n c e rn e d to d e te rm in e the data p r o c e s s in g p ro b le m s and
a d v is e s s u b je c t-m a tte r p erso n n el on the im p lic a tio n s o f new o r r e v is e d s y s te m s o f data p r o c e s s in g
o p e ra tio n s . M akes reco m m en d a tio n s, if n eed ed , f o t a p p ro v a l o f m a jo r sy s te m s in s ta lla tio n s o r changes
and fo r obtaining equipm ent.
M ay p ro v id e fu n ction al d ire c tio n to lo w e r l e v e l s y s te m s a n a lysts who a re a ssig n ed to a s s is t.
C la s s B. W ork s independently o r under only g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on p ro b le m s that a re r e la t iv e ly
u n co m p lica ted to a n a lyze, plan, p ro g ra m , and o p e ra te . P r o b le m s a r e o f lim ite d c o m p le x ity b ecau se
s o u rc e s o f input data are hom ogeneous and the output data a re c lo s e ly re la te d . (F o r e x a m p le , d ev e lo p s
s y s te m s fo r m aintaining d e p o s ito r accounts in a bank, m ain ta in in g accounts r e c e iv a b le in a r e t a il
e s ta b lis h m e n t, o r m ain tain in g in ven tory accounts in a m an u factu rin g o r w h o le s a le e s ta b lis h m e n t.)
C o n fe rs w ith person s con cern ed to d e te rm in e the data p ro c e s s in g p ro b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c tm a tte r p erso n n el on the im p lic a tio n s o f the data p r o c e s s in g s y s te m s to be applied.
OR
W ork s.on a segm en t of a co m p lex data p r o c e s s in g s ch em e o r s y s te m , as d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A.
W o rk s independently on routine assign m en ts and r e c e iv e s in s tru c tio n and gu idance on co m p le x
a s s ig n m e n ts . W ork is r e v ie w e d fo r a ccu ra cy o f ju d gm en t, c o m p lia n c e w ith in s tru c tio n s , and to in su re
p r o p e r alignm ent w ith the o v e r a ll system .
C la s s C . W o rk s under im m ed ia te s u p e rv is io n , c a r r y in g out a n a lyses as a s s ig n e d , u su ally
o f a s in g le a ctivity .
A ssign m en ts a re d es ig n e d to d e v e lo p and expand p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e in the
a p p lica tion o f p ro ced u res and s k ills re q u ire d fo r s y s te m s a n a ly s is w o rk . F o r e x a m p le , m ay a s s is t a
h ig h e r l e v e l system s analyst by p rep a rin g the d e ta ile d s p e c ific a tio n s r e q u ir e d by p r o g r a m m e r s fr o m
in fo rm a tio n develop ed by the h igh er le v e l a n alyst.

a ssig n ed to a s s is t.

C la s s B . W o rk s in d ep en d en tly o r under only g e n e r a l d ire c tio n on r e la t iv e ly sim p le p r o g r a m s ,
o r on sim p le segm en ts o f c o m p le x p ro g r a m s . P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n ts ) u su ally p r o c e s s in fo rm a tio n to
produce data in tw o or th re e v a r ie d sequ en ces o r fo r m a ts .
R e p o rts and lis tin g s a re p rod u ced by
re fin in g , adapting, a r r a y in g , o r m akin g m in o r additions to o r d e le tio n s fr o m input data w hich are
re a d ily a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m erou s re c o r d s m ay be p r o c e s s e d , the data have been re fin e d in p r io r
actions so that the a c c u ra c y and sequ encing o f data can be te s te d by using a few routine ch ecks.
T y p ic a lly , the p r o g r a m d ea ls w ith rou tine r e c o r d -k e e p in g type o p e ra tio n s .
OR
W ork s on co m p le x p ro g ra m s (as d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A ) under c lo s e d ire c tio n of a h ig h er
le v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M ay a s s is t h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r by in depen den tly p e r fo r m in g
le s s d iffic u lt ta sk s a ssign ed , and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt tasks under fa ir ly c lo s e d ire c tio n .
M ay guide o r in stru ct lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s C . M ak es p r a c tic a l ap p lica tion s o f p r o g ra m m in g p r a c tic e s and con cep ts u su ally le a rn e d
in fo r m a l tra in in g c o u rs e s .
A ssig n m en ts a re d esign ed to d e v e lo p co m p eten ce in the a p p lica tion of
standard p ro c e d u re s to routine p ro b le m s . R e c e iv e s c lo s e s u p e rv is io n on new a sp ects o f assign m en ts;
and w ork is r e v ie w e d to v e r i f y its a ccu ra cy and c o n fo rm a n c e w ith r e q u ire d p ro c e d u re s .
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BU SINESS
A n a ly ze s b u sin ess p ro b le m s to fo rm u la te p ro c e d u re s fo r so lv in g th em by use o f e le c tr o n ic
data p ro c e s s in g equ ipm en t.
D ev e lo p s a co m p le te d e s c rip tio n o f a ll s p e c ific a tio n s n eed ed to enable
p r o g r a m m e r s to p re p a r e r e q u ir e d d ig ita l co m p u ter p ro g r a m s .
W o rk in v o lv e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g :
A n a ly zes s u b je c t-m a tte r o p e ra tio n s to be autom ated and id e n tifie s c on d ition s and c r i t e r i a r e q u ire d to
a ch ieve s a tis fa c to r y re s u lts ; s p e c ifie s num ber and typ es o f r e c o r d s , f ile s , and docum ents to be used;
ou tlines actions to be p e r fo r m e d by p e rs o n n e l and co m p u ters in s u ffic ie n t d e ta il fo r p re s e n ta tio n to
m anagem ent and fo r p ro g ra m m in g (ty p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p re p a ra tio n o f w o rk and data flo w c h a rts );
co o rd in a tes the d evelop m en t o f te s t p ro b le m s and p a rtic ip a te s in t r i a l runs o f new and r e v is e d s y s te m s ;
and reco m m en d s equ ipm ent ch an ges to obtain m o r e e ffe c t iv e o v e r a ll o p e ra tio n s .
(N O T E :
W ork ers
p e rfo rm in g both sy s te m s an a lysis and p ro g ra m m in g should be c la s s ifie d as sy s te m s analysts i f th is is
the s k ill used to d e te rm in e th e ir p a y .)
D oes not include e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le fo r the m a n agem en t o r s u p e rv is io n o f oth er
e le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r s y s te m s an alysts p r im a r ily c o n c e rn e d w ith s c ie n tific o r
e n gin eerin g p ro b le m s .




F o r wage study p u rp oses,

D RAFTER
C la s s A . P la n s the gra p h ic p re s e n ta tio n o f c o m p le x ite m s havin g d is tin c tiv e design fe a tu re s
that d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m esta b lis h e d d ra ftin g p r e c e d e n ts . W o rk s in c lo s e support w ith the design
o r ig in a to r , and m ay reco m m en d m in o r d esign ch an ges.
A n a ly z e s the e ffe c t o f each change on the
d e ta ils o f fo rm , function, and p o sitio n a l re la tio n s h ip s o f com pon en ts and p a rts .
W o rk s w ith a
m in im u m o f s u p e rv is o ry a s sista n ce. C o m p le te d w o rk is r e v ie w e d by d esign o r ig in a t o r fo r c o n s is te n c y
w ith p r io r en g in eerin g d e term in a tio n s. M ay e ith e r p r e p a r e d ra w in g s , o r d ir e c t th e ir p re p a ra tio n by
lo w e r level d ra fte rs .
C la s s B. P e r fo r m s nonroutine and c o m p le x d ra ftin g a ssig n m en ts that r e q u ir e the ap p lica tio n
of m o st o f the sta n d a rd ized draw ing tech n iqu es r e g u la r ly used. D uties ty p ic a lly in v o lv e such w o rk as:
P r e p a r e s w ork in g d ra w in gs o f su b a ssem b lies w ith ir r e g u la r s h a p es, m u ltip le fu n ction s, and p r e c is e
p o s itio n a l rela tio n sh ip s b etw een com pon en ts; p r e p a r e s a r c h ite c tu r a l d ra w in g s fo r co n stru ctio n o f a
bu ilding including d e ta il d raw in gs of fou n dation s, w a ll s e c tio n s , flo o r p lan s, and ro o f. U ses a ccep ted
fo rm u la s and m anuals in m aking n e c e s s a r y com p u tation s to d e te rm in e qu a n tities of m a t e r ia ls to be
used, lo a d c a p a c itie s , s tren g th s, s t r e s s e s , e tc .
R e c e iv e s in it ia l in s tru c tio n s , re q u ir e m e n ts ; and
a d v ic e fr o m s u p e rv is o r.
C o m p leted w ork is ch eck ed fo r te c h n ic a l adequacy.
C la s s C . P r e p a r e s d eta il d ra w in gs o f s in g le units o r p a rts fo r e n g in e e r in g , co n s tru c tio n ,
m an u fa ctu rin g, o r r e p a ir p u rp oses.
T y p e s o f d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d in clu d e is o m e t r ic p ro je c tio n s
(d ep ictin g th re e dim en sion s in accu rate s c a le ) and s e c tio n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s itio n in g of com pon en ts
and co n vey needed in fo rm a tio n .
C o n so lid a tes d e ta ils fr o m a n u m b er o f s o u rc e s and adjusts o r
tra n s p o s e s scale as re q u ire d .
S u ggested m eth od s o f ap p ro a ch , a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n ts , and a d v ic e on
s o u rc e m a te r ia ls are giv e n w ith in itia l a s s ig n m e n ts . In s tru c tio n s a re le s s c o m p le te when assign m en ts
re c u r .
W o rk m ay be sp o t-ch eck ed during p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T E R -T R A C E R
C o p ies plans and d raw in gs p re p a re d by oth e rs by p la c in g tr a c in g clo th o r p a p e r o v e r d ra w in gs
and tr a c in g with pen o r p en cil.
(D oes not in clu d e tr a c in g lim it e d to plans p r im a r ily c o n s is tin g of
stra ig h t lin e s and a la r g e s c a le not re q u irin g c lo s e d e lin e a tio n .)
AND/OR
P r e p a r e s sim p le o r r e p e titiv e d ra w in gs o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d ite m s .
du ring p r o g r e s s .

W ork is c lo s e ly

s u p e rv is e d

W o rk s on
com b in ation o f the
c o n s tru c tin g , and
p r in c ip le s , a b ility

v a r io u s ty p es o f e le c t r o n ic equipm ent and r e la te d d evices by p e rfo rm in g one o r a
fo llo w in g : In s ta llin g , m a in ta in in g, re p a irin g , overh a u lin g, tro u b lesh o o tin g , m o d ify in g ,
te s tin g .
W o rk re q u ir e s p r a c tic a l ap p lication o f tech n ica l k n ow ledge o f e le c tr o n ic s
to d e te rm in e m a lfu n c tio n s , and s k ill to put equipm ent in re q u ire d o p era tin g con dition .

C la s s B . A p p lie s c o m p re h e n s iv e te c h n ic a l kn ow ledge to s o lv e c o m p lex p ro b le m s (i. e . , those
that ty p ic a lly can be s o lv e d s o le ly by p r o p e r ly in te rp re tin g m a n u fa c tu re rs ' manuals o r s im ila r
d ocu m en ts) in w o rk in g on e le c tr o n ic equipm ent. W ork in v o lv e s : A fa m ilia r it y with the in te r r e la tio n ­
ships o f c ir c u its ; and .judgment in d eterm in in g w o rk sequence and in s e le c tin g to o ls and testin g
in s tru m e n ts , u su ally le s s c o m p le x than th ose used by the c la s s A tech n icia n .

T h e equ ipm ent— c o n s is tin g of e it h e r m any d iffe re n t kinds of c irc u its o r m u ltip le re p e titio n of
the sam e kind o f c ir c u it— in c lu d e s , but is not lim ite d to , the fo llo w in g :
(a ) E le c tr o n ic tra n s m ittin g
and r e c e iv in g equ ip m en t (e .g ., r a d a r , ra d io , te le v is io n , telep h o n e, sonar, n a v ig a tio n a l a id s ), (b)
d ig ita l and analog c o m p u te rs , and ( c ) in d u s tria l and m e d ic a l m ea su rin g and co n tro llin g equipm ent.

R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l gu id an ce, as r e q u ire d , fr o m s u p e rv is o r o r h ig h e r l e v e l tech n icia n , and
w o rk is r e v ie w e d fo r s p e c ific c o m p lia n ce w ith accep ted p r a c tic e s and w o rk a ssign m en ts. M ay p ro v id e
te c h n ic a l gu idance to lo w e r l e v e l tech n icia n s.

T h is c la s s ific a tio n ex c lu d e s r e p a ir e r s o f such standard e le c tr o n ic equipm ent as com m on o ffic e
m a ch in es and hou sehold ra d io and te le v is io n s ets; production a s s e m b le rs and te s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w hose
p r im a r y duty is s e r v ic in g e le c t r o n ic te s t in stru m en ts; tech n ician s who have a d m in is tra tiv e o r
s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s ib ility ; and d r a ft e r s , d e s ig n e r s , and p r o fe s s io n a l e n g in e e rs .

C la s s C . A p p lie s w o rk in g te c h n ic a l kn ow ledge to p e r fo r m sim p le o r routine tasks in w orkin g
on e le c tr o n ic equ ipm en t, fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in stru ctio n s which c o v e r v ir tu a lly all p ro c e d u re s .
W ork
ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s such tasks as: A s s is tin g h ig h e r l e v e l tech n icia n s by p e rfo rm in g such a c tiv itie s as
re p la c in g com p on en ts, w ir in g c ir c u its , and taking te s t rea d in gs; re p a irin g sim p le e le c tr o n ic equipm ent;
and using to o ls and com m on te s t in stru m en ts (e .g ., m u ltim e te rs , audio sign a l g e n e r a to r s , tube te s te r s ,
o s c illo s c o p e s ). Is not r e q u ire d to be fa m ilia r w ith the in te rre la tio n s h ip s o f c irc u its . T h is kn ow led ge,
h o w e v e r , m ay be a c q u ire d through a ssign m en ts d esign ed to in c r e a s e co m p eten ce (including c la s s r o o m
tra in in g ) so that w o r k e r can advance to h igh er l e v e l tech n ician .

P o s itio n s a r e c la s s ifie d in to l e v e ls

on, the b a sis o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s.

G la s s A . A p p lie s advan ced te c h n ic a l kn ow ledge to so lv e unusually co m p le x p ro b le m s (i.e .,
th ose that ty p ic a lly cannot be s o lv e d s o le ly by
re fe r e n c e to m a n u fa c tu re rs ' m anuals o r s im ila r
d ocu m en ts) in w o rk in g on e le c t r o n ic equ ipm en t.
E xa m p les o f such p ro b le m s include lo c a tio n and
d en sity o f c ir c u it r y , e le c t r o - m a g n e t ic ra d ia tio n , is o la tin g m alfu n ction s, and frequ en t e n g in e e rin g
ch an ges.
W o rk in v o lv e s :
A d e ta ile d understanding of the in te rre la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u its ; e x e r c is in g
independent ju dgm en t in p e r fo r m in g such ta sk s as m aking c ir c u it an a lyses, ca lcu la tin g w ave fo r m s ,
tr a c in g re la tio n s h ip s in sig n a l flo w ; and re g u la r ly using c o m p lex te s t in stru m en ts (e .g ., dual tra c e
o s c illo s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d evia tio n m e t e r s , pulse g e n e ra to rs ).
W o rk m a y be re v ie w e d by
co m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d p r a c tic e s .

s u p e r v is o r (fre q u e n tly an en g in eer o r d e s ig n e r ) fo r g e n e r a l
M a y p ro v id e te c h n ic a l guidance to lo w e r le v e l tech n icia n s.

R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l gu idan ce, as re q u ire d , fr o m s u p e rv is o r o r h ig h e r le v e l tech n ician . W ork
is ty p ic a lly spot ch eck ed , but is given d e ta ile d r e v ie w when new o r advanced assign m en ts a re in vo lved .
N U R S E , IN D U S T R IA L (R e g is t e r e d )
A r e g is t e r e d n u rse who g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e under g e n e ra l m e d ic a l d ire c tio n to i l l o r in ju red
e m p lo y e e s or o th e r p e rso n s who b eco m e i l l o r s u ffe r an acciden t on the p re m is e s o f a fa c to r y o r
o th er e s ta b lish m en t.
D uties in v o lv e a com bin ation o f the fo llo w in g : G ivin g fir s t aid to the i l l o r
in ju red ; attending to subsequent d re s s in g of e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k eep in g r e c o rd s o f patients tre a te d ;
p re p a rin g a ccid en t r e p o rts fo r com pen sation o r o th er p u rp o ses; a s s is tin g in p h y sica l exam in ation s and
h ealth eva lu a tion s o f a pplican ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y in g out p ro g ra m s in v o lv in g health
ed u cation , a ccid en t p r e v e n tio n , evalu ation o f plant en viro n m en t, o r oth er a c tiv itie s a ffectin g the health,
w e lfa r e , and s a fe ty of a ll p e rs o n n e l. N u rsin g s u p e rv is o rs or head n u rses in estab lish m en ts em p loyin g
m o r e than one n u rse a re exclu d ed .

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
B O IL E R T E N D E R

E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y — Continued

F i r e s s ta tio n a ry b o ile r s to .fu rn ish the esta b lish m en t in w hich e m p lo y ed w ith heat, p o w e r,
o r steam .
F e e d s fu els to f i r e by hand o r o p era tes a m ech a n ica l sto k er, g a s, o r o il b u rn er; and
ch eck s w a te r and s a fe ty v a lv e s .
M a y cle a n , o il, o r a ss is t in rep a irin g b o ile r r o o m equipm ent.

steam b o ile r s and b o ile r - f e d w a te r pum ps; m aking equipm ent r e p a ir s ; and k eep in g a r e c o r d o f operation
of m a c h in e ry , te m p e r a tu r e , and fu e l consum ption.
M a y a lso s u p e rv is e th ese o p era tio n s.
Head or
c h ie f e n g in e e rs in e sta b lish m en ts em p loyin g m o r e than one e n g in e e r a re exc lu d e d .

C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

P e r fo r m s the c a r p e n tr y du ties n e c e s s a r y to co n stru ct and m aintain in good r e p a ir building
w o o d w o rk and equ ipm en t such as b in s , c r ib s , co u n ters, b en ch es, p a rtitio n s , d o o rs , flo o r s , s ta ir s ,
c a s in g s , and t r im m a d e o f w ood in an e s ta b lish m en t. W o rk in v o lv e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Planning
and la y in g out o f w o r k fr o m b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in stru ctio n s; using a v a r ie t y of
c a r p e n te r 's han d tools, p o rta b le p o w e r to o ls , and standard m ea su rin g in stru m en ts; m aking standard
shop com pu tation s r e la tin g to d im en sio n s o f w o rk ; and s e le c tin g m a te r ia ls n e c e s s a r y f o r the w o rk . In
g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in ten a n ce c a r p e n te r r e q u ire s rounded tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e u su ally
a c q u ire d throu gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r eq u ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .

A s s is ts one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m aintenance t r a d e s , by p e rfo rm in g s p e c ific o r
g e n e r a l d u ties o f le s s e r s k ill, such as keepin g a w o r k e r supplied w ith m a te r ia ls and to o ls ; cleaning
w o rk in g a r e a , m ach in e, and equipm ent; a s s is tin g jou rn eym a n by h olding m a te ria ls o r to o ls ; and
p e r fo r m in g o th er u n sk illed task s as d ir e c te d by jou rn eym a n . T h e kind of w ork the h e lp e r is p e rm itte d
to p e r fo r m v a r ie s fr o m tra d e to tra d e : In som e tra d e s the h e lp e r is con fin ed to su pplying, liftin g ,
and holding m a te r ia ls and to o ls , and clea n in g w o rk in g a re a s ; and in o th ers he is p erm itted to p e r fo r m
s p e c ia liz e d m ach in e o p e ra tio n s , o r p a rts of a tra d e that a re a ls o p e r fo r m e d by w o r k e r s on a
fu ll- t im e b a s is .

E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN T E N A N C E

M A C H IN E - T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O L R O O M

P e r fo r m s a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r ic a l tra d e functions such as the in s ta lla tio n , m ain ten an ce, o r
r e p a ir o f equ ipm ent fo r the g e n e ra tio n , d is trib u tio n , o r u tiliza tio n o f e le c t r ic e n e r g y in an e s ta b lish m en t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In s ta llin g o r re p a irin g any of a v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic a l equipm ent
such as g e n e r a to r s , t r a n s fo r m e r s , s w itc h b o a rd s , c o n tr o lle r s , c ir c u it b r e a k e r s , m o to r s , heatin g units,
conduit s y s te m s , o r o th e r tra n s m is s io n equ ipm en t; w o rk in g fr o m b lu ep rin ts, d ra w in gs, la yo u ts, o r
o th er s p e c ific a tio n s ; lo c a tin g and d ia gn o sin g tro u b le in the e le c t r ic a l s y stem o r equipm ent; w o rk in g
stan d ard com pu tation s re la tin g to lo a d re q u ire m e n ts o f w ir in g o r e le c t r ic a l equipm ent; and using a
v a r ie t y of e le c t r ic ia n 's handtools and m e a s u rin g and te s tin g in stru m en ts. In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the
m ain ten an ce e le c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e usually a c q u ire d through a fo r m a l
a p p ren ticesh ip o r eq u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .

S p e c ia liz e s in the o p e ra tio n o f one o r m o re typ es o f m ach in e to o ls , such as jig b o r e r s ,
c y lin d r ic a l o r s u rfa c e g r in d e r s , engine la th e s , o r m illin g m a ch in es, in the con stru ction o f m ach in eshop to o ls , ga u g e s , ji g s , fix tu r e s , o r d ie s .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Plan n in g and
p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m ach in in g o p era tio n s; p ro c e s s in g ite m s re q u irin g c o m p lica ted setups o r a
high d e g r e e o f a cc u ra c y ;
using a v a r ie t y o f p r e c is io n m ea su rin g in stru m en ts; s e le c tin g fe e d s ,
sp eed s, to o lin g , and o p e ra tio n sequence; and m aking n e c e s s a r y adjustm ents during op era tion to
a ch ieve re q u is ite to le r a n c e s o r d im en sion s. M ay be re q u ire d to r e c o g n iz e when to o ls need d re s s in g ,
to d re s s to o ls , and to . s e le c t p ro p e r coolan ts and cutting and lu b ric a tin g o ils .
F o r c ro s s -in d u s try
w age study p u rp o ses, m a c h in e -to o l o p e r a to r s , to o lr o o m , in to o l and die jobbing shops a re excluded
fr o m th is c la s s ific a tio n .

E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y

M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E

O p era tes and m a in ta in s and m a y a lso s u p e rv is e the op eration o f s ta tio n a ry en gin es and
equ ipm en t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to supply the esta b lish m en t in w hich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r, heat,
r e fr ig e r a t io n , o r a ir -c o n d itio n in g .
W o r k in v o lv e s :
O p era tin g and m ain tain in g equipm ent such as
s te a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o to r s , tu rb in e s , v en tila tin g and r e fr ig e r a t in g equipm ent,

P ro d u c e s re p la c e m e n t p a rts and new p a rts in m aking re p a ir s o f m eta l p arts of m ech an ical
equipm ent o p e ra te d in an e s ta b lish m en t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m ost of the fo llo w in g : In te rp re tin g w ritten
in s tru c tio n s and s p e c ific a tio n s ; planning and la y in g out of w o rk ; using a v a r ie t y of m a c h in is t's handtools
and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; settin g up and o p era tin g standard m achine to o ls ; shaping of m etal




p a rts to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; m akin g stan dard shop com pu tations re la tin g to d im en sio n s o f w o rk , to o lin g ,
fe e d s , and speeds o f m ach in in g; k n ow led ge o f the w o rk in g p r o p e r tie s of the com m on m e ta ls ; s e le c tin g
standard m a t e r ia ls , p a rts , and equipm ent re q u ire d fo r th is w o rk ; and fittin g and a ssem b lin g p a rts into
m ech a n ica l equipm ent.
In g e n e r a l, the m a c h in is t's w o rk n o r m a lly re q u ir e s a rounded tra in in g in
m a ch in e-sh op p r a c tic e u su ally a c q u ired throu gh a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r equ iva len t tra in in g
and e x p e rie n c e .

P ain ts and r e d e c o ra te s w a lls , w o o d w o rk , and fix tu r e s o f an e s ta b lish m en t. W o rk in v o lv e s the
fo llo w in g : K n ow ledge o f su rfa ce p e c u lia r itie s and ty p e s o f paint r e q u ir e d f o r d iffe r e n t a p p lica tio n s;
p re p a rin g su rfa ce fo r painting by rem o vin g old fin is h o r by p la c in g putty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o les and
in te r s tic e s ; and applying paint w ith sp ra y gun o r brush. M a y m ix c o lo r s , o ils , w h ite le a d , and oth er
paint in g re d ie n ts to obtain p ro p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is te n c y .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce
p a in te r re q u ire s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r
equ iva len t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M a in ten a n ce)
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a irs a u to m o b ile s , b u ses, m o to rtru c k s , and tr a c t o r s of an esta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s
m ost of the fo llo w in g : E xam in in g a u tom otive equipm ent to d iagn ose s o u rce o f tro u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g
equipm ent and p e r fo r m in g re p a ir s that in v o lv e the use of such handtools as w re n c h e s , gau ges, d r ills ,
o r s p e c ia liz e d equ ipm ent in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a rts ; re p la c in g b roken o r d e fe c tiv e p arts fro m
stock; grin d in g and adjusting v a lv e s ; re a s s e m b lin g and in s ta llin g the v a rio u s a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le
and m aking n e c e s s a r y adju stm en ts; and a lign in g w h e e ls , adju sting b ra k e s and lig h ts , o r tigh ten in g body
b olts. In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the au tom otive m ech an ic re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e usually
acq u ired through a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip , o r equ iva len t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .

T h is c la s s ific a tio n does not in clu de m ech a n ics who r e p a ir c u s to m e r s ' v e h ic le s in autom obile
r e p a ir shops.

M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a irs m a c h in e ry o r m ech a n ica l equipm ent of an e s ta b lish m en t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o st o f the
fo llo w in g ; E xam in in g m a ch in es and m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent to d iagn ose s o u rc e of tro u b le ; d ism an tlin g
o r p a rtly d ism an tlin g m ach in es and p e r fo r m in g re p a ir s that m a in ly in v o lv e the use o f handtools in
scra p in g and fittin g p a rts ; re p la c in g b rok en o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts w ith ite m s ob tain ed fr o m stock; o rd e rin g
the production o f a re p la c e m e n t p a rt by a m ach in e shop o r sending o f the m ach in e to a m ach in e shop
fo r m a jo r re p a ir s ; p re p a rin g w ritte n s p e c ific a tio n s fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r fo r the p rodu ction of p arts
o rd e re d fr o m m ach in e shops; r e a s s e m b lin g m a ch in es; and m akin g a ll n e c e s s a r y adjustm ents fo r
operation . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk of a m ain ten an ce m ech an ic r e q u ire s rounded tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e
usually acq u ired th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r eq u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . E xclu ded fr o m
th is c la s s ific a tio n a re w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y duties in v o lv e settin g up o r adju sting m ach in es.

M IL L W R IG H T
In sta lls new m ach in es o r h eavy equ ipm en t, and d ism a n tles and in s ta lls m ach in es o r heavy
equipm ent when changes in the plant layout a re re q u ire d .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t of the fo llo w in g :
Planning and la y in g out o f the w o rk ; in te rp re tin g blu ep rin ts o r o th er s p e c ific a tio n s ; using a v a r ie t y of
handtools and rig g in g ; m aking standard shop com putations re la tin g to s t r e s s e s , stren gth o f m a te r ia ls ,
and cen ters o f g r a v ity ; align in g and balan cin g o f equipm ent; s e le c tin g stan d ard to o ls , equ ipm en t, and
p arts to be used; and in s ta llin g and m a in tain in g in good o r d e r p o w e r tra n s m is s io n equipm ent such as
d r iv e s and speed re d u c e rs . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t 's w o rk n o r m a lly re q u ir e s a rounded tra in in g and
e x p e rie n c e in the tra d e acq u ired through a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r eq u ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .

In sta lls o r re p a irs w a te r, steam , g a s , o r o th e r tyj>es o f p ip e and p ip e fittin g s in an e s ta b lis h ­
m ent.
W o rk in v o lv e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g : L a y in g out o f w o rk and m e a s u rin g to lo c a te p o sitio n of
pipe fr o m draw ings or oth er w ritte n s p e c ific a tio n s ; cutting v a r io u s s iz e s o f pip e to c o r r e c t lengths
w ith c h is e l and h am m er o r ox ya cetylen e to r c h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a c h in e s ; th rea d in g pip e w ith stock s and
d ies; bending pipe by h an d -d riven o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a ch in es; a s s e m b lin g pipe w ith cou p lin gs and
fasten in g pipe to h a n gers; m aking standard shop com pu tation s r e la tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f
pipe req u ire d ; and m aking standard te s ts to d e te rm in e w h eth er fin is h e d pipes m e e t s p e c ific a tio n s . In
g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m aintenance p ip e fit t e r re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e usually
a cq u ired through a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r eq u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
W o r k e r s p r im a r ily
en ga ged in in sta llin g and re p a irin g building san itation o r h eating s y s te m s a re e x c lu d e d .
S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
F a b r ic a te s , in s ta lls , and m ain tain s in g o o d r e p a ir the sh eett-m eta l equ ipm ent and fix tu r e s (such
as m ach in e gu ards, g re a s e pans, s h e lv e s , lo c k e r s , tanks, v e n t ila t o r s , chutes, ducts, m e ta l ro o fin g )
o f an esta b lish m en t. W ork in v o lv e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Plan n in g and la y in g out a ll ty p e s o f sh eetm e ta l m aintenance w ork fr o m b lu ep rin ts, m o d e ls , o r o th er s p e c ific a tio n s ; settin g up and o p e ra tin g a ll
a v a ila b le typ es of s h e e t-m e ta l w ork in g m a c h in e s ; using a v a r ie t y o f handtools in cu ttin g, bending,
fo r m in g , shaping, fittin g , and assem b lin g; and in s ta llin g s h e e t-m e ta l a r t ic le s as r e q u ire d . In g e n e r a l,
the w o rk o f the m aintenance s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e usually
a cq u ired through a fo r m a l ap p ren ticesh ip o r eq u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
T O O L A N D DIE M A K E R
C on stru cts and re p a ir s m achine-shop tools, g a u g e s , j ig s , fix tu r e s o r d ie s fo r fo r g in g s , pu nching,
and o th e r m e ta l-fo r m in g w ork . W ork in v o lv e s m o st of the fo llo w in g : P la n n in g and la y in g out o f w ork
fr o m m o d e ls , b lu ep rin ts, d ra w in g s, o r oth er o r a l and w ritte n s p e c ific a tio n s ; using a v a r ie t y o f to o l and
die m a k e r 's handtools and p re c is io n m ea su rin g in s tru m e n ts ; u n derstan din g o f the w o rk in g p r o p e r tie s of
com m on m eta ls and a llo y s ; setting up and o p e ra tin g o f m ach in e t o o ls and r e la te d equ ip m en t; m aking
n e c e s s a r y shop com putations rela tin g to d im en sio n s o f w o rk , s p e e d s , fe e d s , and to o lin g o f m a ch in es;
h e a t-tre a tin g o f m eta l p arts during fa b ric a tio n as w e ll as o f fin is h e d to o ls and d ies to a c h ie v e re q u ire d
q u a litie s ; w ork in g to c lo s e to le r a n c e s ; fittin g and a s s e m b lin g of p a rts to p r e s c r ib e d to le r a n c e s and
a llo w a n c e s ; and se le c tin g ap p ro p ria te m a t e r ia ls , t o o ls , and p r o c e s s e s .
In g e n e r a l, the to o l and die
m a k e r 's w ork re q u ire s a rounded tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c tic e u su ally a cq u ired
through a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip or eq u ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s -in d u s try w age study p u rp o s e s ,
a re ex clu d ed fr o m th is c la s s ific a tio n .

to o l and die m a k e rs

in to o l and d ie jo b b in g

shops

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
GUARD AND W A TC H M E N

L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L H A N D L IN G

G u ard. P e r fo r m s routine p o lic e d u ties, e ith e r at fix e d post o r on to u r,
using arm s o r fo r c e w h e re n e c e s s a r y .
In clu des gu ard s who a re station ed at
id en tity o f e m p lo y e e s and o th er p e rso n s e n te r in g .

W atch m an .
and ille g a l en try .

M ak es

m ain tain in g o r d e r ,
gate and check on

rounds o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p ro te c tin g p r o p e r ty against f i r e , th eft,

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R

C lean s and keeps in an o r d e r ly con dition fa c t o r y w o rk in g a re a s and w a s h ro o m s , o r p r e m is e s
o f an o ffic e , apartm en t house, o r c o m m e r c ia l o r o th er e s ta b lish m en t. D uties in v o lv e a com b in ation of
the fo llo w in g : S w eep in g, m opping o r scru b b in g, and p o lish in g flo o r s ; re m o v in g ch ip s, tra s h , and oth er
refu s e ; dusting equ ipm en t, fu rn itu re , o r fix tu r e s ; p o lish in g m e ta l fix tu r e s o r tr im m in g s ; p ro v id in g
su pplies and m in o r m ain ten an ce s e r v ic e s ; and clean in g la v a t o r ie s , s h o w e rs , and r e s tr o o m s . W o r k e r s
who s p e c ia liz e in w indow w ashing a re exclu ded.




A w o r k e r em p lo yed in a w a reh o u se, m a n u fa ctu rin g p lan t, s to r e , o r o th er e s ta b lis h m e n t whose
duties in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : L o a d in g and unloading v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and m e rc h a n d is e
on o r fr o m fr e ig h t c a r s , tru c k s , o r o th er tr a n s p o r tin g d e v ic e s ; unpacking, s h e lv in g , o r placin g
m a te r ia ls o r m erch a n d ise in p r o p e r s to ra g e lo c a tio n ; and tra n s p o rtin g m a te r ia ls o r m e rc h a n d is e by
handtruck, c a r , o r w h e e lb a rro w . L o n g s h o re w o r k e r s , who load and unload ships a r e e x c lu d e d .
ORDER F IL L E R
F i l l s shipping o r tr a n s fe r o r d e r s f o r fin is h e d good s fr o m s to r e d m e rc h a n d is e in a cco rd a n ce
w ith s p e c ific a tio n s on sa les s lip s , c u s to m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s tru c tio n s .
M a y , in addition to
fillin g o r d e r s and in d icatin g ite m s f ille d o r o m itte d , k eep r e c o r d s o f ou tgoing o r d e r s , re q u is itio n
a d d ition a l stock o r re p o rt short su pplies to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r fo r m o th e r r e la te d d u ties.
P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G
P r e p a r e s fin ish ed p rodu cts fo r sh ipm en t o r s to r a g e by p la c in g th em in shipping c o n ta in e rs ,
the s p e c ific op era tion s p e r fo r m e d b ein g dependent upon the ty p e , s iz e , and n u m b er of units to be
pack ed , the type o f con ta in er e m p lo y e d , and m eth od o f sh ipm en t. W o rk re q u ir e s the p la cin g o f ite m s
in shipping con tain ers and m ay in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : K n o w led ge o f v a r io u s ite m s of

stock in o r d e r to v e r i f y con ten t; s e le c tio n o f ap p ro p ria te type and s ize o f c o n ta in e r; in s e rtin g
e n c lo s u r e s in c o n ta in e r; using e x c e ls io r o r o th er m a te r ia l to p reven t b reak age o r d a m a ge; c lo s in g and
s e a lin g c o n ta in e r; and a p p lyin g la b e ls o r e n te rin g id en tify in g data on con tain er. P a c k e r s who a lso m ake
w ooden b oxes o r c r a te s a re exclu d ed .

fo llo w s :

F o r w a ge

study p u rp o s e s ,

w o rk ers

a re c la s s ifie d

as fo llo w s :

R e c e iv in g c le r k
Shipping c le r k
Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k

T R U C K D R IV E R
D r iv e s a tru c k w ith in a c ity o r in d u s tria l a re a to tra n s p o rt m a te r ia ls , m e rc n a n d is e , equ ipm en t,
o r w o r k e r s b etw een v a r io u s ty p e s o f e sta b lish m en ts such as: M anufactu ring pla n ts, fr e ig h t d ep ots,
w a re h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r betw een r e t a il esta b lish m en ts and cu sto m ers*
houses o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M a y a ls o lo a d o r unload tru ck w ith o r without h e lp e r s , m ake m in o r
m e c h a n ic a l r e p a ir s , and k eep tru ck in good w o rk in g o rd e r .
S a le s -ro u te and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s
a re e x c lu d e d .




as

T r u c k d r iv e r (com b in a tion of s iz e s lis t e d s e p a r a te ly )
T r u c k d r iv e r , lig h t (under IV2 to n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , m ed iu m ( 1V2 to and in clu din g 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h ea vy (o v e r 4 to n s , t r a i l e r ty p e )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h eavy (o v e r 4 to n s , o th er than t r a i l e r ty p e )

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e rc h a n d is e fo r sh ip m en t, o r r e c e iv e s and is resp o n sib le fo r in co m in g shipm ents
o f m e rc h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r ia ls .
Shipping w o rk in v o lv e s : A know ledge o f shipping p r o c e d u re s ,
p r a c t ic e s , ro u te s , a v a ila b le m ea n s o f tra n s p o rta tio n , and ra te s ; and p rep a rin g r e c o r d s o f the goods
sh ip p ed , m akin g up b ills o f la d in g , postin g w eigh t and shipping c h a rg e s , and k eep in g a file o f shipping
r e c o r d s . M a y d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p re p a rin g the m erch a n d ise fo r shipm ent. R e c e iv in g w o rk in v o lv e s :
V e r ify in g o r d ir e c tin g o th e rs in v e r ify in g the c o r r e c tn e s s of shipm ents against b ills o f la d in g , in v o ic e s ,
o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; ch eck in g fo r s h o rta g e s and r e je c tin g dam aged goods; rou tin g m e rc h a n d is e o r
m a te r ia ls to p r o p e r d ep a rtm e n ts ; and m a in tain in g n e c e s s a r y r e c o rd s and file s .

F o r w age study p u rp o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a re c la s s ifie d by s iz e and type o f equ ipm en t,
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r should be ra te d on the b a s is o f t r a i l e r c a p a c ity .)

T R U C K E R , PO W ER

goods

O p era tes a m an u ally c o n tr o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic - p o w e r e d tru ck o r t r a c to r to tra n s p o rt
and m a te r ia ls o f a ll kinds about a w a re h o u s e , m an u factu rin g plant, o r oth er esta b lish m en t.
F o r w age study p u rp o s e s ,

w ork ers

a re c la s s ifie d b y typ e o f tru c k ,

as fo llo w s :

T r u c k e r , p o w e r (fo r k lift )
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (o th e r than fo r k lif t )
W AREHOUSEM AN
As d ir e c te d , p e r fo r m s a v a r ie t y of w a reh o u sin g duties w hich re q u ir e an understanding o f
the e s ta b lis h m e n ts s to ra g e p lan . W o rk in v o lv e s m ost of the fo llo w in g : V e r ify in g m a te r ia ls [o r
m e r c h a n d is e ) again st r e c e iv in g d ocu m en ts, noting and re p o rtin g d is c r e p a n c ie s and obvious d am ages;
rou tin g m a te r ia ls to p r e s c r ib e d s to r a g e lo c a tio n s ; s to rin g , sta ck in g, o r p a lle tiz in g m a te r ia ls in
a cc o rd a n c e w ith p r e s c r ib e d s to ra g e m eth od s; re a r r a n g in g and taking in v e n to ry of s to re d m a te r ia ls ;
exa m in in g s to re d m a te r ia ls and re p o rtin g d e te r io r a tio n and dam age; re m o v in g m a te r ia l fr o m s to ra g e
and p re p a rin g it fo r shipm ent. M a y o p e ra te hand o r p o w e r tru ck s in p e r fo r m in g w areh ou sin g duties.
E xclu de w o r k e r s w hose p r im a r y duties in v o lv e shipping and r e c e iv in g w ork (s e e shipping and
r e c e iv in g c le r k and p a c k e r, sh ip p in g), o r d e r fillin g (s e e o r d e r f i l l e r ) , o r o p era tin g p o w er tru ck s (s e e
tr u c k e r , p o w e r).

Available On Request—
Th e fo llo w in g a r e a s a r e su rv e y e d p e r io d ic a lly fo r use in a d m in is te rin g the S e r v ic e C o n tra ct A c t o f 1965.
any o f the B L S re g io n a l o ffic e s shown on the back c o v e r .

A la s k a
A lb a n y , Ga.
A lb u q u erq u e, N. M ex.
A le x a n d r ia , La.
A lp e n a , Standish, and T a w a s C ity , M ich .
Ann A r b o r , M ich.
A s h e v ille , N .C .
A tla n tic C ity , N.J.
A u gu sta, Ga.—S.C.
B a k e r s fie ld , C a lif.
Baton R ou ge, La.
B a ttle C re e k , M ich .
Beaum ont—P o r t A rth u r— ran ge , T e x .
O
B ilo x i—G u lfp ort and P a s c a g o u la , M is s .
B o is e C ity , Idaho
B r e m e r to n , Wash.
B r id g e p o r t, N o rw a lk , and S ta m fo rd , Conn.
B ru n sw ick , Ga.
B u rlin g to n , Vt.—N .Y .
C ape C od, M ass.
C e d a r R ap id s, Iow a
C ham paign—Urbana—R antoul, 111.
C h a rle s to n , S.C.
C h a rlo tte — aston ia, N .C .
G
C h eyen n e, W yo.
C la r k s v ilie —H o p k in s v ille , T e n n .—K y .
C o lo ra d o S p rin gs, C o lo .
C o lu m b ia , S.C.
C olu m bu s, Ga.— la .
A
C olu m bu s, M is s .
C r a n e , Ind.
D eca tu r, 111.
D es M o in e s , Iowa
Dothan, A la .
Duluth—S u p e r io r , M inn.—W is.
E l P a s o , T e x ., and A la m o g o r d o —Las C ru c e s , N. M ex.
Eugene—S p rin g fie Id , O re g .
F a y e t t e v ille , N .C.
F itc h b u rg —L e o m in s t e r , M ass.
F o r t Sm ith, A r k .—O kla.
F o r t W ayne, Ind.
F r e d e r ic k — a g e r stown , Md .— h am ber sbu rg , P a .—
H
C
M a rtin s b u rg , W. V a.
G adsden and A n n isto n , A la .
G o ld s b o ro , N .C .
G rand Islan d—H a stin gs, N eb r.
G r e a t F a lls , Mont.
Guam , T e r r i t o r y o f
H a r r is b u r g —Lebanon, P a .
Huntington— sh lan d , W. Va.— y .—Ohio
A
K
K n o x v ille , Tenn.
L a C r o s s e , W is.
L a red o, Tex.
L a s V e g a s , N ev.
Law ton , O kla.
L im a , Ohio
L it t le Rock—N orth L it t le R ock , A r k .

C o p ies o f public r e le a s e s a r e o r w ill be a v a ila b le at no cost

w h ile

su p p lies la s t

fr o m

Logan sp ort—P e ru , Ind.
L o ra in — ly r ia , Ohio
E
L o w e r E a stern Shore, Md.—Va.—D el.
Lynchburg, Va.
M acon, Ga.
M adison, W is.
M a n sfield , Ohio
M arqu ette, Escanaba, Sault Ste. M a r ie , M ich .
M cA llen —Phari^-E dinburg and B r o w n s v ille —
H arlin gen —San B enito, T e x .
M ed ford — lam ath F a lls —G rants P a s s , O re g .
K
M erid ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , Monmouth, and Ocean C o s ., N.J.
M ob ile and P e n s a c o la , A la .—F la .
M o n tg o m ery , A la .
N a s h v ille —D avidson, Tenn.
New B ern—J a c k s o n v ille , N .C.
New London—N o r w ic h , Conn.—R .I.
N orth Dakota, State of
O rlan do, F la .
Oxnard—Sim i V a lle y —V en tu ra, C a lif.
Panam a C ity , F la .
P a r k e r sburg—M a rie tta , W. Va.—
Ohio
P e o r ia , 111.
P h oen ix, A r iz .
Pine B lu ff, A rk .
P o c a te llo —Idaho F a lls , Idaho
P ortsm ou th , N.H .—M aine—M a s s .
P u eblo, C o lo .
P u erto R ico
Reno, N ev.
R ichland— en n ew ick —W alla W allaK
P en d leton , W ash.— reg .
O
R iv e r s id e —San B ern a rd in o— n ta r io , C a lif.
O
Salina, K ans.
Salinas—S easide—M o n te r e y , C a lif.
Sandusky, Ohio
Santa B a rb a ra —
Santa M a ria —L o m p o c , C a lif.
Savannah, Ga.
S elm a, A la .
Sherm an—D enison, T ex .
S h revep o rt, La.
Sioux F a lls , S. Dak.
Spokane, Wash.
S p rin g fie ld , 111.
S p rin g fie ld — h icopee—H olyok e, M a s s .—Conn.
C
Stockton, C a lif.
T a c o m a , Wash.
Tam pa—St. P e te r s b u r g , F la .
T opeka, Kans.
Tu cson , A r iz .
T u lsa , O kla.
V a lle jo —F a ir fie ld —Napa, C a lif.
W aco and K ille e n —T e m p le , T e x .
W a terlo o — e d a r F a lls , Iow a
C
W est T e x a s P la in s
W ilm in gton , D el.—N .J.—Md.

An annual re p o r t on s a la r ie s fo r accou n tan ts, a u d ito rs , c h ie f accou n tan ts, a tto r n e y s , jo b a n a ly s ts , d ir e c to r s of p e rs o n n e l, b u y e rs , c h e m is ts , e n g in e e r s , e n g in e e rin g te c h n ic ia n s , d r a ft e r s , and
c le r ic a l e m p lo y e e s is a v a ila b le .
O r d e r as B L S B u lletin 1837, N a tio n a l S u rvey o f P r o fe s s io n a l, A d m in is tr a tiv e , T e c h n ic a l, and C le r ic a l P a y , M a rc h 1974, $1.40 a c o p y , fr o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l s a le s
o ffic e s shown on the back c o v e r , o r fr o m the Superintendent o f D ocu m en ts, U.S. G o v e rn m e n t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington, D.C . 20402.




Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t o f the la te s t a v a ila b le b u lle tin s o r bu lletin supplem ents is p resen ted b elo w .
A d ir e c t o r y o f a r e a w age stu dies including m o r e lim ite d stu dies conducted at the req u est o f the E m p loym en t
S tan dards A d m in is tr a tio n o f the D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on req u est.
B u lletin s m ay be pu rch ased fr o m any of the B L S r e g io n a l o ffic e s shown on the back c o v e r .
B u lle tin supplem ents m a y be
ob tain ed w ithout co s t, w h e r e in d ica ted , fr o m B L S re g io n a l o ffic e s .

A rea
A k ro n , O h io, D e c . 1975____ ______ _____________ _ ___________________________ _____
A lban y—S chenectady—T r o y , N . Y . , Sept. 1975 1
_____________________________ ____
A lb u q u erq u e, N . M e x ., M a r . 1974 2 ______________________________________________
A llen to w n —B eth leh em —E a ston , Pa*—N .J ., M a y 1974 2 _________________________
A n a h eim —
Santa A n a -G a rd e n G r o v e , C a lif., O ct. 1975 1 _________________ _____
A tla n ta , G a., M a y 1975 1 ____________________________________ _ ____________________
_
A u stin , T e x ., D e c . 1974 ___________________________ ____ ________________ __________
B a ltim o r e , M d ., A u g. 1975 1_______________________________________________________
B e a u m o n t-P o r t A rth u r—O ra n g e , T e x ., M a y 1974 2 ____________________________
B illin g s , M o n t., J u ly 1975____ _____________________________________________________
B in gh am ton , N . Y * a ., J u ly 1975__ ______________________________________________
—P
B irm in g h a m , A la ., M a r . 1975____________________________ ________ ____ ___________
B oston , M a s s ., A u g. 1975 1________________________________________________________
B u ffa lo , N .Y ., O ct. 1975 1_______________________________ ____________ ______________
C anton, O h io, M a y 1975 _______________ ___________________________________________
C h a rle s to n , W . V a ., M a r . 1974 2 ________________________ ___________________ _____
C h a r lo tte , N .C ., Jan. 19742 ______________________________________________________
C h attan ooga, T e n n .-G a ., Sept. 1975 1____________________________________________
C h ic a g o , 111., M a y 197 5
j _______________________________________________________
_
C in cin n a ti, O hio— y .—Ind., F e b . 197 5 __________________________________________
K
C le v e la n d , O h io, Sept. 1975
_____________________ _________ __ ________________
C olu m bu s, O h io, O ct. 1975\ _______________________ _ _____ __ ___________ ____ ____
_
C orp u s C h r is ti, T e x ., J u ly 197 5__ _ ____________________________________________
_
D a lla s —F o r t W o rth , T e x ., O c t. 1975 1____________________________________________
D a ven p ort—R o c k Island—M o lin e , lo w a-111., F e b . 1975 ________________________
D ayton , O h io, D e c . 1975____ ________________________________________________________
D ayton a B ea ch , F la ., A u g. 1975____ _________________ ______________________________
D en ver—B o u ld e r, C o lo ., D e c . 1974 1 ______ ________________ _____ _________________
D es M o in e s , Iow a, M a y 1974 2 _____ ______________________________________________
D e tr o it, M ic h ., M a r . 1975_____ ________________________ __________________________
F o r t L a u d e r d a le -H o lly w o o d and W e s t P a lm B each —
B o c a R a to n , F l a . , A p r . 1975 1 ________________________ _________________ ________
F r e s n o , C a l i f . , June 1975 1 _______________________ ________ ____ ____________________
1
G a in e s v ille , F la ., S ept. 197 5______________________________________________________
G re e n B a y , W i s ., J u ly 1975 1 ________________________________________________ _____
G r e e n s b o ro — ins ton- S a lem — igh P o in t, N .C ., A u g. 1975__ __ ______________
W
H
G r e e n v ille , S .C ., June 1975____ __________________________ _________________ _______
H a r tfo r d , C on n ., M a r . 1975 1 _____________________________________ ________________
H ouston, T e x ., A p r . 1975________________________ _____ ____________________________
H u n ts v ille , A la ., F e b . 1975 ________________________________ _________________ _____
In d ia n a p o lis, Ind., O c t. 1975 1 ___________________________________ _____________ ___
Jack son , M is s . , F e b . 1975______________ ______________________________ _________ __
J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., D e c . 1975
I ________________________________________________
_
K a n sa s C ity , Mo*— a n s ., Sept. 197 5____ _________________________________________
K
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h ill, M a s s .—N .H ., June 1974 2 _____________________ _________
H
L e x in g to n —F a y e tte , K y ., N o v . 1974 __________________________________ _ __________
L o s A n g e le s —L o n g B ea ch , C a lif . , O c t. 1974 _______________________ ____________
L o u is v ille , K y*—Ind., N o v . 1Q75
j _____________________________________________
_
Lu bbock, T e x ., M a r . 1974 2 _________________________ ______________________________
M e lb o u rn e —T it u s v ille - C o c o a , F la ., A u g. 197 5
j
_________________________
M e m p h is , Tenn*— rk *— is s ., N o v . 1974 ______ ________ __________ _____ _____ _
A
M
M ia m i, F la ., O ct. 1975 ___________________________________________________________
*
1
2
3

Prices are determined by the Government Printing O ffice and are subject to change.
Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
No longer surveyed.
T o be surveyed.




B u lletin num ber
and p r ic e *
-------- 1850-80,
-------- 1850-63,
______ Suppl.
______ Suppl.
______ 1850-75,
______ 1850-25,
______ Suppl.
______ 1850-62,
______ Suppl.
-------- 1850-46,
______ 1850-50,
______ Suppl.
-------- 1850-58,
______ 1850-69,
______ Suppl.
______ Suppl.
______ Suppl.
-------- 1850-67,
-------- 1850-33,
______ Suppl.
-------- 1850-64,
-------- 1850-78,
-------- 1850-37,
-------- 1850-59,
_____ _ Suppl.
-------- 1850-73,
-------- 1850-47,
______ 1850- 15,
______ Suppl.
______ 1850-22,

45 cents
$1.20
F ree
F re e
85 cents
$ 1.00
F re e
$1.30
F ree
65 cents
65 cents
F re e
$1.50
95 cents
F re e
F re e
F re e
85 cen ts
85 cents
F re e
$1.30
95 cen ts
65 cents
$1.50
F re e
45 cen ts
65 cen ts
85 cents
F ree
85 cents

______ 1850-26,
______ 1850-61,
______ 1850-57,
______ 1850-44.
______ 1850-49,
______ 1850-42,
______ 1850-28,
______ Suppl.
______ Suppl.
-------- 1850-66,
_____ Suppl.
______ 1850-81,
______ 1850-55,
______ Suppl.
___ __ Suppl.
______ Suppl.
______ 1850-79,
______ Suppl.
______ 1850-54,
______ Suppl.
______ 1850-76,

80 cents
$ 1.20
$ 1.10
80 cents
63 cents
65 cents
80 cents
F ree
F ree
95 cents
F ree
45 cents
80 cents
F ree
F ree
F ree
45 cents
F ree
65 cents
F ree
95 cents

A rea

B u lletin num ber
and p r ic e *

M idland and O d essa , T e x ., Jan. 19742 ____________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
M ilw a u k ee, W is ., A p r . 1975 1______________________________________ _________________________ 1850-21, 85 cents
M in n ea p o lis—St. P a u l, M inn.—W is ., Jan 1975 1 _________________________________________ __ 1850-20, $1.05
M uskegon— u skegon H eigh ts, M ic h ., June 1974 2 _______________________________________ Suppl.
M
F ree
N assau — u ffolk, N. Y . , June 1975 1__________________________________________________________ 1850-39, $1.00
S
N e w a rk , N .J ., Jan. 19751„ _ _______________________________________________________ ____ _____ 1850- 18, $1.00
N e w a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N .J .. Jan. 1974 2 _______________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
N ew H aven , Conn., Jan. 1974 2 ______________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
N e w O rle a n s , L a ., Jan. 1975 _______________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
N ew Y o r k , N .Y .—N .J ., M a y 1975 1 __________________________________________________________ 1850-45, $1.10
N ew Y o r k and N assau —Suffolk, N .Y ., A p r. 1974 2 ___________________________________ ____ Suppl.
F ree
N o rfo lk —V ir g in ia B each—P o rts m o u th , Va*—N .C ., M a y 1975 _________ __________________ 1850-29, 65 cents
N o rfo lk —V ir g in ia B each—P o rtsm o u th and N e w p o rt N ew s—
H am pton, V a .— .C ., M a y 1975 __________ _________________________________________________ 1850-30, 65 cents
N
N o rth e a s t P e n n s y lv a n ia , A u g. 1975____ _____________________________________________________ 1850-52, 65 cents
O k lah om a C ity , O k la ., A u g. 1975----- , ______ __________________________________________ ___ 1850-51, 65 cents
O m aha, N e b r^ -Io w a , O c t. 1975_________________________________ ___________ _______________ 1850-56,
$1.10
P a te r son—C lifto n —P a s s a ic , N .J ., June 1975 1______________________________________________ 1850-38, 80 cents
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a *— .J ., N o v . 1975____ _______________________ _______ _________________ _____ 1850-65, 85 cents
N
P h o e n ix , A r i z . , June 1974 2 ____________________ _____________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
P itts b u rg h , P a ., Jan. 1975 _________________________________________ _________________________Suppl.
F ree
P o rtla n d , M ain e, N o v . 1 975__________________________________________________________________ 1850-72, 45 cents
P o rtla n d , O r e g .—W ash ., M a y 1975____ ^_____________________________________________________ 1850-40, 75 cents
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N .Y ., June 1975 1______________________________________ „____________________ 1850-70, 65 cents
P ou g h k e e p s ie — in g s to n -N e w b u rg h , N .Y ., June 1975 1___________________________________ 1850-68, 75 cents
K
P r o v id e n c e — a rw ick —P aw tu ck et, R .I.—M a s s ., June 1975 ______________________________ 1850-27, 75 cents
W
R a le ig h — u rham , N .C ., F e b . 1975 _____ ____ ________________________________________________ Suppl.
D
F ree
R ich m on d, V a ., June 1975____ _________________________________________ ______________________ 1850-41, 65 cents
R o c k fo rd , 111., June 1974 2 _________ _______ ___ ______________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
St. L o u is , Mo*—111., M a r . 1975 __________________________________ __ ______________ . ________ Suppl.
F ree
S a cra m en to , C a lif., D e c . 19741 ___ _________________________________________________________ 1850-19, 80 cents
Saginaw , M ic h ., N o v . 1975____ ________________________________________________________________ 1850-71, 35 cents
S a lt L a k e C ity — gden , U tah, N o v . 1975 1___________________________________________________ 1850-74, 75 cents
O
San A n ton io, T e x ., M a y 1975 ________ ___________________________________________________ ___ 1850-23, 65 cents
San D ie g o , C a lif., N o v . 1975_________________________________________________________________ 1850-77, 45 cents
San F r a n c is c o — akland, C a lif., M a r . 1975 1__ ___________________________________________ 1850-35, $1.00
O
San J o s e , C a lif., M a r . 1975 1__ _______________ _____ ____ ___ ________________________________ 1850-36, 85 cents
Savannah, G a., M a y 1974 2 __ ____________ __ ______ ____________ _____________________________ Suppl.
F ree
S ea ttle— v e r e tt, W a sh ., Jan. 1975 ____ ______ ____ ____________ ______________________________Suppl.
E
F ree
South Bend, Ind., M a r . 1975 _________ ______ n
_________ _ _________ ______________________ __ Suppl.
_
_
F ree
Spokane, W ash ., June 1974 2
____ ____ _______________________ __ _____________ ,
____ Suppl.
F ree
S yra c u s e , N .Y ., J u ly 1975____ __ ____________________________________________________________ 1850-43, 65 cents
T o le d o , O h io -M ic h ., M a y 1975 ____________________________________________________________ 1850-34, 80 cents
T re n to n , N .J ., Sept. 19751-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1850-60, $1.20
U tic a - R o m e , N .Y ., Ju ly 1975 1
______________________________________________________________ 1850-48, 80 cents
—M d.—V a ., M a r . 197 5 1
__ ____ _ __ _______ _____ ___ ________________ 1850-31, $1.00
_
W ash in gton , D .C *
W a te rb u ry , C onn., M a r . 1974 2 _____________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
W e s tc h e s te r County, N .Y ., M a y 1975 V_____________________________________________________ 1850-53, 80 cents
W ic h ita , K a n s ., A p r . 1975____________________________________________________________________Suppl.
F ree
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., M a y 19751 ______ ________________________________________________________ 1850-24, 80 cents
Y o r k , P a ., F e b . 19751 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1850-32, 80 cents
You ngs to w n -W a rre n , O h io, N o v . 1973 2 __ ___________ _____________________________________Suppl.
F ree

l't

THIRD CLASS MAIL

r "z*

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
POSTAGE AND FEES PAID

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20212

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
LAB - 441

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S
Region I

Region II

1603 J F K Federal B u ilding
G overnm ent C enter
Boston, Mass. 0 22 03
P h o n e :2 23-6 76 1 (A rea Code 6 1 7)

S u ite 34 0 0
1 5 1 5 Broadw ay
N e w Y o rk , N .Y . 1 0 0 3 6
P h o n e :9 7 1 -5 4 0 5 (A rea C ode 21 2)

C o nnecticut
M aine
Massachusetts
N ew Ham pshire
Rhode Island
V e rm o n t

N e w Jersey
N e w Y o rk
Puerto Rico
V irg in Islands

Region V
9 th Floor, 230 S. D e arb o rn St.
Chicago, III. 606 04
P h o n e :3 5 3 -1 880 (A rea Code 3 1 2 )
Illino is
In diana
M ichigan
M innesota
O hio

Wisconsin



U.S. M AIL

V.

OFFICIAL BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE $300

Region V I

Region IV

Region I II
P .O .B o x 13 309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 5 9 6 1 1 5 4 (A rea C ode 2 1 5 )
D elaw are
D istrict o f C o lu m b ia
M aryla nd
Pennsylvania
V irg in ia
West V irg in ia

Regions V I I ano V I I I

S u ite 540
1371 Peachtree St. N .E.
A tla n ta , Ga. 303 09
P h o n e :5 2 6 -5 4 1 8 (A rea Code 4 0 4 )
A labam a
F lorid a
Georgia
K e n tu c k y
Mississippi
N o rth Carolina
South Carolina
T ennessee
Regions IX and X

Second F lo o r
5 5 5 G riffin Square B uilding
Dallas, T e x . 7 5 2 0 2
P h o n e :7 4 9 -3 5 1 6 (A re a C ode 2 1 4 )

Federal O ffic e Building
911 W alnut S t , 15 th Flo o r
Kansas C ity , M o. 6 4 1 0 6
P h o n e :3 7 4 -2 4 8 1 (A re a Code 8 1 6 )

45 0 G olden G ate Ave.
Box 3 6 0 1 7
San Francisco, C a lif. 9 4 1 0 2
P h o n e :5 5 6 -4 6 7 8 (A rea Code 41 5)

Louisiana
le w M exico
O klah o m a
Texas

V II
Io w a
Kansas
M issouri
Nebraska

IX
A rizo n a
C a lifo rn ia
H aw aii
Nevada

V III
C o lorad o
M o n tan a
N o rth D akota
South D akota
U tah
W yom ing

X
Alaska
Idaho
Oregon
W ashington


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102