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7 S O -~?~)

AREA WAGE SURVEY
San Diego, California, M etropolitan Area
November 1975
Bulletin 1850-77




APR 3 0 '76

u.s.

DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics




Preface
This bulletin p rovides results of a N ovem b er 1975 su rvey o f occupational earnings
in the San D iego, C a liforn ia , Standard M etropolitan S ta tistica l A r e a (San D iego County). "The
su rvey was made as part of the Bureau of L ab or S ta tis tic s ' annual a re a w age su rvey p ro g ra m .
The p ro gra m is designed to yield data fo r individual m etrop olitan a re a s , as w e ll as national
and regio n a l estim ates fo r a ll Standard M etropolitan S ta tistica l A r e a s in the United States,
excluding A lask a and H aw aii.
A m a jo r consideration in the area wage su rvey p ro g ra m is the need to d es c rib e the
le v e l and m ovem ent o f w ages in a v a rie ty o f labor m a rk ets, through the an alysis of (1) the
le v e l and distribution o f wages by occupation, and (2) the m ovem ent of w ages by occupational
ca tego ry and s k ill le v e l. The p rogram develops in form ation that m ay be used fo r m any
purposes, including wage and sa la ry adm inistration, c o lle c tiv e bargaining, and assistan ce
in determ ining plant location. Survey results also a re used by the U.S. D epartm ent of
L ab or to make wage determ inations under the S e rv ic e C ontract A c t of 1965.
C u rren tly, 83 areas are included in the p ro g ra m . (See lis t o f a rea s on inside back
c o v e r .) In each area, occupational earnings data are c o lle c te d annually. In form ation on
establishm ent p ra ctices and supplem entary wage benefits is obtained e v e r y th ird y e a r.
Each year a fte r a ll individual area wage su rveys have been com pleted, two sum m ary
bulletins are issued. The fir s t brings together data fo r each m etrop olitan a rea su rveyed . The
second sum m ary bulletin presents national and reg io n a l estim a tes, p ro je c te d fr o m individual
m etropolitan area data.
The San D iego su rvey was conducted by the Bureau's re g io n a l o ffic e in San F ra n c is c o ,
C a lif., under the gen era l d irection of M ilton Keenan, A ssista n t R egio n a l C om m issio n er fo r
O perations. The su rvey could not have been accom plish ed without the cooperation o f the
many firm s whose w age and salary data provided the basis fo r the s ta tis tic a l in form ation in
this bulletin. The Bureau wishes to express sin cere a p p reciation fo r the cooperation re c e iv e d .

Note:
A cu rrent rep o rt on occupational earnings in the San D iego a rea is a va ila b le fo r
selected laundry and d ry cleaning occupations (N o vem b er 1975). A ls o a vailab le a re listin gs
o f union wage rates fo r building trades, printing trad es, lo c a l-tr a n s it operating em p loyees,
lo c a l tru ck d rivers and h elp ers, and g r o c e r y store em p lo yees.
F r e e copies of these are
availab le fro m the Bureau's region al o ffic e s . (See back c o v e r fo r a d d resses.)

AREA WAGE SURVEY

B u lle tin 1 8 5 0 -7 7
March 1976

U.S. D E P A R T M E N T OF LABO R, W. J. Usery, Jr., Secretary
BU R E A U O F LABOR S T A TIS TIC S , Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

San Diego, California, Metropolitan Area, November 1975
CONTENTS

Page

In tro d u c tio n ________________________________________________________________ ____ _______________ ___________________________________________

2

' T a b le s :
A . E arn in gs:
A - 1. W eek ly earnings of o ffic e w o rk ers_________________________________________________________________________________________
A - 2 . W eek ly earnings of profession al and technical w o r k e r s _____________________________________________________ ___________
A - 3 . A v e ra g e w eek ly earnings of o ffice, p rofession a l, and technical w o rk ers, by s e x ___________ ____ ______ _____________
A - 4 . H o u rly earnings of maintenance and powerplant w o r k e r s _______________________________________________________________
A - 5, H o u rly earnings of custodial and m a te ria l m ovem ent w o r k e r s ____________________ ___ ______________ __ ___
— ____
A - 6 , A v e r a g e hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant, custodial, and m a te ria l m ovem ent w o rk ers, by s e x ________
A - 7 . P e rc e n t in crea ses in average hourly earnings fo r selected occupational groups, adjusted fo r em ploym ent shifts __

3
5
6
7
8
9
10

Appendix A . Scope and method of su rvey____________ _____________________________________________ _____ ______ ________________ ___ _____
Appendix B, Occupational d escrip tio n s__________________________________________________________________________________________________

11
13




For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U .S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D .C. 20402, GPO Bookstores, or
BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover. Price 45 cents. Make checks payable to Superintendent of Documents.

Introduction
and m a teria l m ovem ent. In the 31 la r g e s t su rvey a re a s , tables A - la
through A -6 a provide s im ila r data fo r establishm ents em ployin g 500
w o rk e rs or m ore.

This a rea is 1 of 83 in which the U.S. Departm ent of L a b o r's
Bureau o f L a b o r S tatistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings and
related benefits on an areaw ide b asis. In this area, data w e re ob­
tained by a combination of p erson al v is it, m a il questionnaire, and
telephone in terview .
R ep resen tative establishm ents within six broad
industry division s w e re contacted: M anufacturing; transportation, com ­
munication, and other other public u tilities; w holesale trad e; re ta il
trade; finance, insurance, and re a l estate; and s e rv ic e s . M a jo r industry
groups excluded fro m these studies are governm ent operations and
the construction and ex tra c tiv e indu stries. Establishm ents having fe w e r
than a p re s c rib e d number of w ork ers are om itted because of insufficient
em ploym ent in the occupations studied. Separate tabulations are provided
fo r each of the broad industry division s which m eet publication c r ite r ia .

F ollow in g the occupational w age tab les is tab le A - 7 which
p rovid es percent changes in average earnings of o ffic e c le r ic a l w o rk ­
e r s , electro n ic data p rocessin g w o rk e rs , in du strial n u rses, sk illed
maintenance w o rk ers, and unskilled plant w o rk e rs .
T h is m easu re of
wage trends elim inates changes in a vera ge earnings caused by e m p lo y ­
ment shifts among establishm ents as w e ll as tu rn o ver o f establishm ents
included in survey sam ples. W here p o s s ib le , data are p resen ted fo r all
indu stries, manufacturing, and nonmanufacturing. Appendix A d iscu sses
this wage trend m easure.

A - s e r ie s tables

Appendixes

T a b les A - 1 through A -6 provid e estim ates of straigh t-tim e
hourly or w eek ly earnings fo r w ork ers in occupations common to a
v a rie ty of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupations
w ere selected fro m the follow in g c a teg o ries: (a ) O ffice c le r ic a l, (b) p ro ­
fessio n a l and tech n ical, (c ) maintenance and pow erplant, and (d) custodial

This bulletin has tw o appendixes. Appendix A d es c rib e s the
methods and concepts used in the a rea wage su rvey p ro g ra m and
p rovid es inform ation on the scope of the su rvey. Appendix B p ro vid es
job descriptions used by Bureau fie ld econ om ists to c la s s ify w o rk e rs in
occupations fo r which stra ig h t-tim e earnings in form ation is presen ted.




A. Earnings
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in San Diego, Calif., November 1975
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly ea rn in gs o f—
i

$

Average
weekly

$

S

$

of
workers

l

$

S

i

s

t

S

$

$

S

S

s

%
1-------1-----S
250
260
2A0
270

(standard)

90

95

100

no

120

130

1AO

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

90

O ccu pation and in d u s try d iv is io n

95

100

no

120

130

1AO

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

2A0

250

260

270

over

3
1
2

23
21
2

6
5
1

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

A
4

-

_
-

-

85
Mean *

Median *

Middle range*

and
under

and

ALL WORKERS
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING --------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------

567
235
332

AO.O
A 0 .0
AO.O

$
163.00
162.50
163.50

$
1 6 2.00
1 6 2.30
1 6 2.00

$
$
1 3 - . 5 0 -1 8 6 .0 0
l A * '. 0 0 -1 7 2 .3 0
13 r .5 0 - 1 8 9 .0 0

-

*

-

22
22
-

13
11
2

5A
3
51

69
20
A9

A2
7
35

55
A6
9

100
57
A3

A5
16
29

40
9
31

A1
1A
27

52
1
51

ACCOUNTING, c l a s s ____________
m a n u f a c t u r in g ---------------

669
12A

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

130 .0 0
1 3 A .50

1 2 6.50
1A0.00

1 0 A .5 0 -1 A 5 .0 0
l O f .0 0 —1AA.00

2A
3

1A
11

35
-

95
22

102
12

106
2

56
11

86
38

68
9
59

20
1

AA
2

6
-

7
7

2
2

2A6

3 9 .5

109.00
106 .0 0

109.50

9 7 .5 0 -1 1 3 .0 0

28
28

68

27

9A

18

4

1

1

3

9 3 .0 0

9 ’ .0 C - 9 6 .0 0

CLERKS,

CLERKS,

F IL E ,

CLASS B ------

162

32

1

-

-

-

i

1

‘
ORDER ---------------------

83

AO.O

135.50

111.00

11 1 . 00 - 1 6 0 . 5o

PAYROLL ----------------m a n u f a c t u r in g --------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------

200
6A
136

3 9 .5
AO.O
3 9 .5

1 5 6.50
1 8 2.50
1AA.00

158 .0 0
167.00
1A2.00

13 '.0 0 - 1 6 7 .0 0
1 6 ^ .5 0 -2 0 8 .3 0
1 2 1 .0 0 -1 6 2 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING --------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------

367
151
216

AO.O
AO.O
3 9 .5

163.50
186.00
1A8.00

1 5 9.50
185.00
1A9.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS b -----------MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING --------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----

20 A
A2
162
39

AO.O
3 9 .5
AO.O
AO.O

1A 6 .5 0
1A7.50
1A6.00
189.00

MESSENGERS ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING — —

91
bd

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

SECRETARIES ----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING -------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----

1 ,9 0 2
789
1 ,1 1 3
81

AO.O
AO.O
AO.O
AO.O

SECRETARIES, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING --------

CLERKS,

CLERKS,

2

-

12

36

10

11
11

20
20

20
3
17

19
19

22
22

9
6
3

53
2b
27

2
1
1

6
1
6

11
4
7

1A
12
2

5
5
-

6
6
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

25
1
2A

38
10
28

67
11
56

A8
10
38

68
27
A1

31
13
18

lb
b

17
16
1

-

A3
A3
-

1
1
-

6
6
-

7
7
-

-

-

6
6

-

10
10
-

56
10
A6
*

22
6
16
*

15
3
12
-

35
13
22
1

7
1
6
2

2

7
7
7

1A

20
7
13
9

15
1
1A
1A

-

1
1
-

-

-

-

29
25

9
9

1A

9

2

_

-

2

1
1

-

2

1
1

_

8

19
7

-

-

“

-

3
3
-

16
16

35
9
26
“

131
16
115
8

120
A2
78

221
30
191

159
67
92
7

170
119
51
7

130
69
61
5

97
A9
A8
11

69
31
38
5

157
1 1A
A3
A

-

_
-

-

-

6

7
1

-

2

19
3
16

8

4

-

5
5
-

7
3
4

29
7
22

15
8
7

*

-

-

l A a . 0 0 -1 7 6 .0 0
16 '.0 0 - 2 1 6 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 J -1 6 J .3 0

-

-

-

138 .5 0
1AO.3 0
137.00
197.00

1 1 7 .5 0 -1 7 A .3 0
1 2 5 .O J -1 A R .3 0
11“ . 0 0 -1 7 9 .3 0
17 * .5 0 -2 0 2 .3 0

-

-

-

*

121.50
116*50

12A.50
110.00

10 a . 0 0 - 1 3 6 .G
O
10 r .0 0 ” 126 .0 0

4

2

4

2

186.00
2 0 1 .0 0
175.50
2 0 7 .5 0

180 .0 0
198 .0 0
170.00
2 1 3 .0 0

1 5 5 .5 G -2 1 1 .0 0
17 a .0 0 - 2 3 a . 3 u
l 5 0 . 0 0 - 19 a . 00
181 . 0 O -2A 8.30

-

-

-

-

130
59
76

AO.O 199.00
AO.O 2 0 8 .5 0
AO.O 192.00

193 .5 0
2 0 7 .5 0
18A.00

16 .5 0 - 2 3 0 .0 0
19 . Ol -2 A 2 .0 U
I b r .0 0 - 2 3 0 .0 0

-

-

-

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING -------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------

358
131
227

AO.O 20A .50
AO.O 2 1 5 .5 0
AO.O 198.00
AO.O

2 0 2 .0 0
21A.O0
192.00
.-59.00

1 7 5 .5 T 2 3 6 . 30
1 9 0 .0 0 -2 5 0 .3 0
1 6 0 ,0 0 -2 2 8 .3 0

-

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS C —
MANUFACTURING,-------------NONMANUFACTURING --------PU BLIC U T IL IT IE S -----

789
333
*♦56
33

AO.O 18A.50
AO.O 2 0 0 .5 0
3 9 .5 172.50
AO.O 1 8 6.00

1 7 9.50
196.00
170.00
192.50

1 6 1 .0 0 -2 0 3 .0 0
1 7 9 .5 0 -2 1 3 .0 0
1 5 ( .5 0 - 1 8 8 .0 0
181 • 0 9 -2 1 o . 00
i

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS D —
MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------

625
271
35A

AO.O
AO.O
AO.O

168.00
190.00
157.50

I A 9 . 5 0 -1 9 6 .3 0
16 j .0 0 - 2 3 a .3 0
l A f .0 0 - 1 7 9 .0 0

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .




175.50
193.50
161.50

-

-

-

2

7

2
2
1
1
172
A8
12a

2A3
8?
161

12

1A

«

1A
4

-

-

63
*,6
17
13

3A
12
22
7

_

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

9
9

1A
11
3

A2
A2

12
12

A2
7
35

22
11
11

18
13
5

36
13
23

36
13
23

2A
17
7

17
*
9

6
5
1

35
18
17

_
-

-

-

9
9

A6

"

A6
8

A7
2
A5
“

77
9
68
*

68
23
A5
”

139
50
89
“

6t>
3A
3A
7

79
6A
15
2

71
A7
2A
5

53
35
18
8

29
8
21
2

35
17
18
-

30
16
1A
1

28
28
-

, *

10
10
16
1
15

76
16
60

59
29
30

B7
21
b6

79
25
5A

56
25
31

5A
19
35

53
29
2A

16
2
1A

7

10
2
8

86
86
-

16
16
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

7

1
1

-

-

-

7
7
-

"

-

*

-

13
7

“

-

7

15
3
12

-

-

3

6
6

2

-

-

_

13

16

“

-

-

-

13

60

-

-

“

44

_
-

15
15

8
8

-

7

2
2

-

22

11
n
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

N um ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly ea rn in g s o f—
Number

S

Avcra
weekly

5

S

$

S

of

$

$

S

220

%
230

2A0

250

260

1-----270

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

over

16
11
5
5

12
5
7
7

29
29
-

3
3
-

4
4
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

41
19
22

16
5
13

39
39

2
2
-

90
90

2
2
-

13
13
-

-

.
-

-

-

-

9
4
5

20
14
6

11
10
1

2
1
1

13
12
1

-

3
3
-

-

*

-

-

"

-

lo
13
1
1

1
1
1

8
8
6

1
1
-

9
9
-

-

_
-

-

“

21
2
19
-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

.

*

*

-

-

S

S

%
%
190
200

work, n

(standard)

95

100

no

120

130

1AO

150

160

170

lBu

. 95

100

110

12Q

130

1AO

130

160

170

160

190

200

“

-

9
1
8
"

A3
9
3A
-

20
20
*

19
9
10
1

16
14
4
i

29
25
4
2

22
8
1A
11

30
16
1A
13

2A
2A

7
7

7A
13
61

27
A
23

93
29
64

A7
21
26

23
18
5

12
4
8

14
3
11

2A

4
-

2A

4

1
1

85
Mean

*

Median

*

Middle ranged

X

210

S

$

90

90

Occupation and in d u stry d iv is io n

$

$

S

and
under

and

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUEO
$
167 .0 0
175 .5 0
153 .5 0
163 .5 0

$
166.00
169.50
1A6.50
1 8 5 .0 0

$
$
1 3 * .0 0 - 1 9 0 .0 0
I S O . 0 0 -2 0 3 .0 0
1 2 5 .5 0 -1 8 1 .0 0
17 a . 5 0 -1 9 7 .0 0

-

-

500
216
284

AO.O 1 7 3 .5 0
A0 • 0 195 .0 0
AO.O 157 .5 0

165.50
197 .0 0
153 .0 0

1 A 6 .5 0 -2 0 5 .0 0
1 6 7 .0 0 -2 2 3 .5 0
13 a . 5 0 -1 8 3 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS ----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

359
66
293

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
AO.O

120 .0 0
168 .0 0
109 .5 0

100 .0 0
183 .5 0
100.00

9 7 .5 0 - 1 3 5 .0 0
1 2 6 .5 0 -1 9 6 .0 0
9 5 .0 0 - 1 0 9 .0 0

25
25

5A
11
A3

A8
A8

no
no

9
4
5

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------

292
129
163
29

AO.O
AO.O
AO.O
AO.O

1A 0 .00
143 .0 3
137.50
1 6 1.00

128 .5 0
126.00
13A.0O
151.50

1 2 1 .0 0 -1 5 5 .0 0
12 m . 0 0 - 15u.0 0
1 1 6 .0 0 -1 5 3 .0 0
13 a . 0 0 -2 0 1 .5 0

-

22
22

21
9
12
-

11
3
8
~

94
65
29
-

39
9
30
12

2
2
-

-

.
-

-

A3
11
32
7

T Y P IS T S . CLASS A --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

306
267

AO.O
AO.O

1 5 2 .0 0
1A6.50

1 5 2.00
151.50

1 3 3 .0 u -1 6 1 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0 -1 6 1 .0 0

_

-

“

"

12
12

19
19

34
34

A3
A3

2A
21

77
68

35
3A

21
16

1o
14

6
3

3
2

2
-

14
1

-

T Y P IS T S .

A18

AO.O

111 .0 0

1 0 3 .5 0

9 * . 5 0 - 1 2 6 .0 0

-

192

60

AA

64

38

4

6

5

2

d

-

1

-

-

-

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------

254
154
100

STENOGRAPHERS* SENIOR ----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

CLASS B --------------------------------

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




AO

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
A0 • 0
A 0 .0

-

-

-

4
4

*

-

-

-

-

Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number
O ccupation arid in d u s try d iv is io n
workeis

Avcrnam
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly earn in gs o f—
s

Mean ^

Median *

Middle ranged

$

s

$

$

I

I

$

$

S

i

S

$

$

S

s

5

$

1-----360

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

300

320

340

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

2SQ

260

270

280

300

320

340

360 o v e r

-

2
2
-

-

3
3
“

5
3
2

5
4
i

19
2
17

6
6
-

18
9
9

10
1
9

4

~
21
11
10

15
10
5

9
5
4

6
5
1

3
1
2

3
3
-

10
lu
“

2
2
-

5
2
3

2

5

-

4

-

3

4
4

130
Under
and
S
under
130
140

_

3
"

2
2

b

15
15
”

and

ALL WORKERS

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

86
A0
A6

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

$
2 3 0 .0 0
2 2 9 .0 0
2 3 0 .5 0

$
$
$
2 3 0 .0 0 2 1 ? .0 0 -2 4 0 .0 0
2 3 0 .5 0 2 0 7 .0 0 —2 4 6 .0 0
2 3 0 .0 0 2 1 4 .0 0 -2 4 0 .0 0

-

-

-

-

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

no
6A
66

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

179.50
194 .5 0
165.00

174.00
183.00
161 .0 0

1 6 0 .5 0 -1 9 2 .5 0
1 7 0 .5 0 -2 2 4 .0 0
1 3 6 .0 0 -1 7 9 .0 0

-

18

-

-

CLASS C ------------

36

4 0 .0

1 6 4.50

161 .0 0

1 4 4 .0 3 -1 8 0 .3 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
BUSINESS. CLASS A ---------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

107
86

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 9 4 .5 0
3 0 4 .5 0

2 9 7 .5 0
3 0 5 .5 0

2 5 a .0 0 -3 2 1 .0 0
2 8 4 .5 0 -3 2 5 .0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
BU SINESS. CLASS B ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

110
76
3A

3 9 .5 2 4 0 .0 0
4 0 .0 2 5 3 .5 0
3 9 .0 2 1 0 .5 0

2 4 0 .0 0
2 5 1 .5 0
2 1 4 .0 0

2 1 a .0 0 -2 6 4 .0 0
2 4 0 .0 0 -2 7 4 .5 0
1 9 S .5 u - 2 l4 .0 0

-

-

”

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
BUSINESS. CLASS C ----------------------------

51

3 9 .5

178.00

176 .0 0

1 7 ? .5 0 -1 9 5 .5 0

* 6

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS.
BU SINESS. CLASS A ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

75
50
25

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

3 5 2 .5 0
3 5 4 .5 0
3 4 9 .0 0

3 5 4 .5 0
3 5 5 .0 0
3 4 8 .5 0

^ 2 ?. 5 0 -3 7 3 .0 0
3 3 6 .0 0 -3 6 6 .5 0
3 1 2 .0 0 -3 8 4 .5 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS.
BU SINESS. CLASS B ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------ — ----

72
5A

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 9 3 .5 0
2 8 7 .0 0

2 7 8 .5 0
2 7 2 .5 0

2 6 d .5 0 -3 2 2 .0 0
2 5 ? ,0 0 -2 9 6 .0 0

DRAFTERS, CLASS A -------------------— -----M ANUFACTURING-------------------------------

331
243

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 8 0 .5 0
2 7 9 .0 0

2 9 9 .5 0
2 9 9 .5 0

2 5 9 ,5 0 -3 0 0 .0 0
2 5 9 .0 0 -2 9 9 .5 0

_

DRAFTERS, CLASS B ------------------ -— ----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

214
140
74

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 2 2 .0 0
2 2 0 .5 0
2 2 4 .0 0

2 2 4 .0 0
2 2 6 .0 3
2 2 2 .5 0

1 9 c .0 0 -2 4 5 .5 0
1 8 ? .0 0 - 2 4 7 .u0
1 9 7 .5 0 -2 4 3 .0 0

CLASS C ------------------------------

57

4 0 .0

178.00

1 7 6.00

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS ------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

1 ,4 4 0
1 .3 5 3

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 1 2 .0 0
2 0 8 .5 0

2 1 0 .0 0
2 0 7 .5 0

ELECTRONICS TEC H N IC IAN S. CLASS AMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

546
474

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 4 2 .5 0
2 3 8 .0 0

2 4 0 .0 0 2 2 0 .0 0 - 2 6 7 .0 0
2 3 4 .0 0 2 1 ~ .5 0 -2 6 4 .U 0

ELECTRONICS TEC H N IC IAN S, CLASS BMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

643
628

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 0 1 .5 0
2 0 1 .0 0

2 0 0 .0 0
2 0 0 .0 0

1 7 a .5 0 -2 2 6 .0 0
1 7 4 ,5 0 - 2 2 ..0 0

ELECTRONICS TEC H N IC IAN S. CLASS CMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

251
251

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

171.50
171.50

168.03
168.00

1 5 :..Of -18-4. JO
15. .0 0 -1 8 -4 .0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS,

DRAFTERS.

*
***

W o rk e rs w e r e d is trib u te d as fo llo w s :
W o rk e rs w e r e d is trib u te d as f o llo w s :
W o rk e rs w e r e d is trib u te d as fo llo w s :

See footn otes at end o f ta b le s .




“
“

"
-

-

18

6
8

5
5

25
15
10

-

9

5

3

5

-

4

1
1
-

7
5
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

6
4
2

_

-

-

-

.
-

-

-

-

-

-

“

2
2
"

-

1

-

_
~

“

7
1
6

7
4
3

20
4
16

6
3
3

22

4

10

4

3

-

-

-

-

20
8

4
i

5
2

22
22

19
19

12
12

12
12

4
4

15
15
“

4
4
”

7
7

10
10
“

4
2
2

4
4
“

_

_

“

-

1

2

_

~

3
3

-

2

_

-

1

2
1
1

11
s
6

10
9
1

18 * * 31
15
20
3
11

9
7
5 ***6

1

-

5
1

6
6
-

-

-

_

-

-

"

*

-

“

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

*

8
8
-

3
3
-

31
31

-

1 4 4 .0 0 -2 0 3 .0 0

-

10

7

3

4

10

1 8 '.0 0 - 2 4 0 .0 0
1 7 6 .0 0 -2 3 4 .3 0

-

-

-

-

83
83

102
102

77
77

_

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

•

-

-

_

b
5

2
2

4
4

10
8

10
7

13
11

d
-

4

-

4b
22

31
17

-

*

-

39
30

5
5

5
1

6
D

9
6

19
16

22
19

21
16

122
100

24
4
20

13
7
6

11
5
6

29
15
14

36
26
8

7
4
3

11
5
6

33
30
3

8

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

-

1

2

4

3

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

91
90

123
123

96
92

135
130

104
96

139
135

119
119

121
118

42
35

77
76

23
13

98
54

1C
10

-

_

_

*

-

-

20
20

38
36

18
18

56
51

79
78

53
53

62
60

25
18

62
61

23
13

98
54

10
10

_

.

-

-

-

117
112

40
37

51
48

66
6b

59
58

15
15

15
15

8
8

9
9

-

*

-

-

2
2

32
32

69
69

31
31

40
39

81
81

27
25

51
51

33
33

46
46

49
49

22
22

31
31

3 at $110 to $120; and 3 at $120 to $130.
17 at $360 to $380; 7 at $380 to $400; 4 at $400 to $420; 1 at $420 to $440;
4 at $400 to $420; 1 at $420 to $440; and 1 at $460 to $480.

-

_

2
2

_

1 at $440 to $460; and 1 at $460 to $480.

8

.

-

-

-

_

-

5
5

i
i

_

-

-

_

-

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

Number
of
workers

Average
(mean2)

Average
(mean2 )

Average
(mean2 )

Sex, o ccu p a tion , and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
Weekly
hours *
standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

Sex, occu pation , and in d u stry d iv is io n

MEN

of
worker*

Weekly
hours *
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

SECRETARIES -

Number
of

Weekly
Weekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

$
125•50

Sex, occu pation , and in d u s try d iv is io n

CONTINUED

3 9 .5

BUSINESS* CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING -----NONMANUFACTURING -

85
56
29

4 0 .0
3 8 .5

2 4 0 .5 0
2 5 4 .5 0
2 1 3 .5 0

BUSINESS* CLASS C

42

3 9 .5

1 7 8 .0 0

BUSINESS. CLASS
MANUFACTURING

67
49

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

3 5 3 .5 0
3 5 5 .0 0

BUSINESS. CLASS B NONMANUFACTURING

59
43

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

3 0 1 .5 0
2 9 5 .5 0

314
226

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 8 1 .5 0
2 8 0 .5 0

191
122
69

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 2 4 .5 0
2 2 5 .5 0
2 2 2 .5 0

$
4 0 .0 184 .5 0
4 0 .0 2 0 0 .5 0
3 9 .5 172.501
4 0 .0 1 8 6 .0 0

NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

625
271
354

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

175.50^
193.501
1 6 1 .SOI

---------------------------

241
154
87

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 6 6 .0 0
1 7 5 .5 0
148 .0 0

MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

500
216
284

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

173.50
195.00
157 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS -----------------------

357
291

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

120 .5 0
168.00
109.50

282
129
153

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

138. O l DRAFTERS. CLASS C
O
143 .0 0
1 3 3 .5 0 ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS
MANUFACTURING -----------1 5 1 .5 0
ELECTRONICS TECH NICIANS. CLASS A146 .0 0
m a n u f a c t u r in g ---------------------------------

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING,
532

3D*'" I 3 2 I 50
3 9 #5 1 2 8.00

243
235

3 9 .5

n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

LLuKh j i

rIL L i

v L moo
n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

63

^

^

10 6 10 ol

182.50

66

AFTERS. CLASS A
MANUFACTURING -

MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUFACTURING

T Y P IS T S .

CLASS A ---------------------------------

303
264

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1T r 1v 1

LLAjo

418

4 0 .0

2 2 *2
143

'0

0 140 .0 0

39

0

m

130

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

40 *0

199 .0 0
2 0 8 .5 0
1 9 2 .0 0

LUnr m 1 LK U* LKM I UH j f

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

2 2 9 .5 0
2 2 8 .5 0

88
43
45

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

181 .0 9
2 0 1 .0 0
162.50

63
42

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 8 7 .5 0
3 0 4 .0 0

_

ljU j.r .L u j .
^ 0 *0

LL Aj

1 9 5 .0 0

LLA j j

m

*1

NOTE:
E a rn in gs data in ta b le A - 3 r e la te on ly to w o r k e r s w h ose sex id e n tific a tio n w as p ro v id e d b y th e estab lish m en t,
to a ll w o r k e r s in an o ccu p ation .
(S ee appendix A fo r p u blication c r it e r ia . )
See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .




1 8 3 .5 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 1 1 .0 0
2 1 0 .0 0

495
474

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 3 9 .0 0
2 3 8 .0 0

617
602

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 0 3 .5 0
2 0 3 .0 0

CLASS C -

233
233

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 7 1.00
1 7 1 .0 0

42

1 7 6 .0 0

25

2 3 8 .5 0

MANUFACTURING

44

4 0 .0

1 6 4 .0 0

e l e c t r o n ic s t e c h n i c i a n s ,
m a n u f a c t u r in g ----------------

74
37

n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

4 0 .0

1 1 1 .0 0

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN
22*2

43

BUSINESS. CLASS B

o p e r ato r - r e c e p t io n is t s -

39 J 186 .0 0
:

1 .3 4 5
1 .3 0 9

ELECTRONICS TE C H N IC IAN S. CLASS 8MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

s w it c h b o a r d

150

O
O

U

'0 0

**
O
O

WOMEN

789
333
456
33

j t v K t 1A K l t j * LLA j j

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

SECRETARIES. CLASS C --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN
COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS 8 ----

E arn in gs data in ta b le s A - l

and A - 2 ,

on the o th e r hand,

r e la te

Mumber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs o f—

Hourly earnings3

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv is io n

woriters

Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

U n der
and
$
4 .8 0
4 .9 0

$
7 .4 0

$
1 ------ t
$
4 .9 0 5 .0 0 5 . 10 5 .2 0

s
5 .3 0

$
5 .4 0

S
5 .5 0

S
5 .6 0

$
5 .7 0

S
5 .8 0

$
6 .0 0

S
6 .2 0

$
6 .4 0

$
6 .6 0

6 .8 0

$
7 .0 0

$
7 .2 0

5 .9 0

5 .1 0

5 .4Q 5 .5 0

5 .6 0

5 .7 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6 .4 0

6 .6 0

6 .8 0

7 .0 0

7 .2 0

7 aitSL 7 .6 0

-

S
4 .8 0

-

“

1
1

1
1

-

*

*

“

2
2

10
9

12
11

8
8

5
*

2
1

-

.

_

-

4
4

-

1
*

_
*

8
8

5
5

.

-

-

8
8

25
25

20
20

33
32

24
23

15
15
1

$

S
1 ------ T ----7 .6 0 7.8 0 8 .0 0
and

5 . 20 5 .3 0

7 .8 0

8 ,0 0

“

-

-

-

_

72

2

5
4

1

-

-

-

-

_

•

.

*

*

-

ALL WORKERS
CARPENTERS. MAINTENANCE ------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------

41
33

$
6 .3 3
6 .2 5

$
6 .3 8
6 .3 8

$
$
6 .1 3 - 6 .4 9
6 .1 3 - 6 .4 9

E LE C TR IC IA N S , MAINTENANCE --------MANUFACTURING --------------------------

223
144

7 .0 8
6 .7 7

7 .0 5
6 .8 7

6 .6 3 - 7 .7 2
6 .5 7 - 7 .0 5

*
-

“
1
*

.

*

-

-

STATIONARY -----------------

40

6 .4 1

6 .5 7

5 .8 2 - 6 .6 2

-

-

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

1

-

8

-

-

14

10

2

1

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES — MANUFACTURING --------------------------

26
26

5 .1 2
5 .1 2

5 .2 7
5 .2 7

4 . 5 1 - 5 .7 5
4 .5 1 - 5 .7 5

*9
9

-

.

.

-

-

.

-

-

.

-

-

.

“

“

-

-

-

1
1

.

“

7
7

_

*

9
9

M AC H IN ISTS.

MAINTENANCE -------------

36

6 .5 9

6 .5 7

6 .1 5 - 6 .9 5

13

1

5

2

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) -----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING — ---------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------

213
83
130
112

6 .4 9
7 .1 9
6 .0 4
5 .9 9

6 .4 8
7 .2 0
5 .9 8
5 .0 0

5 .0 0 6 .0 7 5 .0 0 5 .0 0 -

MECHANICS. MAINTENANCE -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------

234
202

6 .5 2
6 .4 8

6 .4 9
6 .4 9

6 .2 3 - 6 .7 8
6 .2 3 - 6 .5 7

-

PA IN T E R S , MAINTENANCE ---------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------

49
30

6 .1 2
6 .0 0

6 .1 3
6 .1 3

5 . 9 6 - 6 .5 3
5 .8 7 - 6 .1 3

2
-

TOOL ANO D IE MAKERS -------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------

130
130

6 .7 1
6 .7 1

6 .7 9
6 .7 9

6 .5 1 - 6 .9 5
6 .5 1 - 6 .9 5

ENGINEERS.

*
**

W o r k e r s w e r e d is trib u te d as fo llo w s :
W o r k e r s w e r e d is trib u te d as fo llo w s :

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




7 .4 7
8 .5 8
6 .9 5
6 .9 5

-

11
11

_

*

63
63
60

-

-

-

•

-

“

2
2

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

*

*
-

-

1
-

-

1
1

-

_

*

-

-

-

13

1

1

-

-

-

1
1
-

8
7
1
-

6
6
5

-

1 ** 4 7
39
8
1
8
1

1
1
“

8
8
-

3
3

7
5
2

10
10
«

8
1
7
4

13
13
10

26
1
25
24

26
25

6
6

12
12

5
5

55
50

53
53

20
15

27
8

10
10

12
12

3
3

17
2

2

-

61
61

35
35

.

•

-

-

3 at $3 .9 0 to $4; 1 at $4 to $ 4 .1 0 ; 2 at $ 4 .3 0 to $ 4 .4 0 ; 1 at $ 4 .4 0 to $4 .5 0 ; and 2 at $4 .5 0 to $ 4 .6 0 .
1 at $8 to $8.20; 7 at $8 .2 0 to $8 .4 0 ; and 39 at $8 .4 0 to $ 8 .6 0 .

-

-

-

*
22
21

_

30
30

4
4

.

•

5
5

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs o f---

Hourly earnings3

$
2 .2 0

$
2 .4 0

$
2 .6 0

$
2 .8 0

S
3 .0 0

i
3 .2 0

S
3.40

$
3 .6 0

i
3 .8 0

$
4 .0 0

$
4 .2 0

2 .2 0

Occupation and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
work.,,

2 .4 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0 4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

696
696

76
76

23
16
7

21
5
16

32
27
5

6
1
5

22
11
11

20
3
17

13
7
6

8
2
6

6
3
3

24
23
1

S

2 .0 0
Mean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

S

$
4 .6 0

*
5 .8 0

$
$
6 .0 0 6 .2 0

*
6 .4 0

5 ,8 0

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6 .4 0

over

10
10
*

24
24

-

-

-

10

-

-

-

-

28
28

-

.

-

-

-

-

$
5 .2 0

5 .4 0

S
5 .6 0

5 .2 0

5 ,4 0

5 .6 0

6
6

3
3

5
5

-

S

S

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

<t.8Q 5 ,P 0

4 .4 0

S

and
under

and

ALL WORKERS

1 .091
171
920

$
2 .7 1
4 .0 8
2 .4 6

$
2 .1 5
4 .5 8
2 .1 5

$
$
2 . 1 5 - 2 .9 o
3 . 0 0 - 4 .8 3
2 . 1 5 - 2 .1 8

GUARDSt
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

171

4 .0 8

4 .5 8

3 .0 0 -

4 .8 3

-

-

16

5

27

JANITO RS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

1 .5 3 1
336
1 .1 9 5

3 .6 6
4 .5 7
3 .4 0

3 .4 8
4 .9 2
3 .4 8

3 . 2 4 - 3 .9 7
3 .7 4 - 5.2<*
3 .0 0 - 3 .5 P

-

110
21
89

86

-

47
47

43
12
31

LABORERS. MATERIAL HANDLING ------------

273

4 .7 0

4 .5 7

4 .1 6 -

4 .7 ]

-

-

2

1

RECEIVING CLERKS --------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING - — - — ---- — --------

105
26
79

4 .9 7
5 .4 2
4 .8 2

5 .5 1
5 .4 5
5 .5 9

4 . 6 5 - 5 .8 ?
5 . 3 6 - 5 .7 3
3 . 2 1 - 5 .8 2

•
-

10
10

-

SH IPPIN G CLERKS -----------------------------------

62

5 .3 9

5 .5 9

5 .3 6 -

SH IPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS --------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------- -----------------

175
95
00

4 .7 1
4 .6 1
4 .8 3

4 .5 8
4 .5 8
4 .4 5

4 . 0 9 - 5 .4 5
4 . 0 0 - 5 .4 5
4 . 0 9 - 5 .6 9

-

-

-

■

TRUCKDRIVERS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------

1 .6 7 3
709
964
219

5 .8 4
6 .6 1
5 .2 7
6 .6 9

5 .2 7
6 .7 3
5 .2 7
6 .2 1

5 .0 6 - 7 .1 5
5 .0 6 - 8 .2 1
5 .1 0 - 5 .8 6

14
14

38
38

TRUCKDRIVERS. LIGHT (UNDER
1-1 /2 TONS) -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

180
164

5 .0 4
5 .1 2

5 .6 0
5 .6 0

2 . 2 5 - 5 .6 0
2 .2 5 - 7 .9 7

14
14

38
38

TRUCKDRIVERS. MEDIUM (1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) -----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------

545
254
49

4 .8 7
4 .6 0
6 .8 3

5 .0 6
4 .0 0
6 .3 0

4 . 0 0 - 5 .1 0
3 . 5 0 - 5 .3 o
5 . 5 8 - 7 .9 7

-

-

-

*

“

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS.
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

594
98

5 .7 8
6 .7 4

5 .2 7
7 .2 5

5 . 2 7 - 6.2 1
5 . 8 7 - 8 .2 1

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS.
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) ------------

319

8 .0 3

8 .2 1

8 . 2 1 - 8 .3 5

7

4

-

TRUCKERS. POWER (F O R K L IF T ) -------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

177
111

5 .4 0
5 .4 2

5 .4 5
5 .4 5

5 . 3 2 - 5 .5 8
5 . 4 5 - 5 .5 8

4

10

11
11

WAREHOUSEMEN ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

571
489

4 .3 8
4 .2 4

4 .1 0
3 .9 5

3 . 4 0 - 5 .2 2
3 . 4 0 - 5 .1 0

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN --------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING — -----------— ------

*
W o r k e r s w e r e at $ 6 .40 to $ 6 .6 0 .
* * W o r k e r s w e r e d is trib u te d as fo llo w s :
$ 8 .4 0 to $ 8 .6 0 .
See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b les.




3 at $ 6 .4 0 to $ 6 .6 0 ;

22
2
20

*

74
61
13

3

2

7

2

3

23

-

61

-

-

6
82

420
19
401

24
17
7

143
11
132

10
7
3

69
17
52

21
6
15

38
32
6

62
19
43

16
12
4

104
104
-

-

20
14
6

-

-

-

-

1

-

81

1

67

83

-

1

1

-

-

-

_
-

.
-

2
2

-

2
2

-

6
6

22

2

-

2

-

-

2
2

9
9

-

2
1
1

1

-

-

4
4

_
-

-

8
1
7

-

22

“

4

1

-

11
202
11
191

1

-

1

-

_

_

8

-

-

8

3
3

-

-

-

-

37
13
24

4
2
2

27
19
8

4

•

i
i

7
4
3

-

-

-

20
20

32
5
27

4
4
-

22
18
4

b
8

6
6

282
226
56

6

<
♦

86

1
88

-

5 .5 9
-

_
_

-

10
4
6

-

2
2

54
14
40

29
29

21
21

13
10
3

4

2

-

_

2
2

-

50
40

“

-

9

11

39

-

-

-

-

12
9
3

1
1

35
27
8

18

-

.

-

6

-

-

-

-

“

18

*

28
12
16
16

87
12
75
1

39
18
21
19

70
70

“

-

362
362
2

_

4
4

22
22

52
52

28
21

29
29

21
21

3
3

23
20

12

4

-

-

-

*

“

*

*

*

“

*

6

_

*

*

“

*

*

-

-

-

-

.

4
-

-

36
1

19
19

64
58

42
17

47
9

119
119

8
8

47
47

4

12
12

6
3

21
18

21
21

4

1

*

20
20

*
*35

31
7
24

10
10

-

-

282
56
*

16
16
*

344

25
15
15

6
17
10
7

.

**

13
9

15
11

17
10

-

1

-

-

75
75

23
23

2
2

_

24
12
12

36
22
22

89

94
56

*

8

299
13

1
1
7
7

1 2 5 **4 7 2
12
360
113
112
113
68

42
42

“

-

-

•

_

-

50
50

14 at $ 6 .6 0 to $ 6 .8 0 ; 42 at $ 7 to $ 7 .2 0 ; 29 at $7.20 to $ 7 .4 0 ; 1 at $ 7 .60 to $ 7 .8 0 ; 64 at $ 7 .8 0 to $ 8 ; 317 at $ 8 .2 0 to $ 8 .4 0 ; and 2 at




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant,
custodial, and material movement workers, by sex,
in San Diego, Calif., November 1975
Number

of

Sex, occu pation, and industry d iv is io n

m a in t e n a n c e

and

Average

Number

(mean2 )

Sex, occu pation , and in d u stry d iv is io n

hourly
earnings3

Average
(m ean2 )
hourly
earnings3

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

po w erplant

OCCUPATIONS -

of

MEN
$ _
33

$

m

6 *^ 5

223
6 .7 7
40

6 .4 1

26
25

5 * 12

MECHANICS. AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ------------------------------------

213

6 .4 9

PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------

112

5 . 99

ENGINEERS* STATIONARY -----------------------

**

11

r\i a

TRUCKDRIVERS. LIGHT

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM

6*61

(UNDER

(1 - 1 / 2

TO

6 .4 0
PAIN TE R S. MAINTENANCE ----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

49
30

6 .1 2
6 .0 0

MANUFACTURING ------------ -------------------

130
130

6 .7 1

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY

(OVER 4 TONS,

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY

(OVER 4 TONS,

6 *7 4

CUSTODIAL ANO MATERIAL MOVEMENT

GUARDS ANO WATCHMEN — -----------— -------

i .0 0 3
168

2 .7 5
4 .0 7
4 .2 5

NONMANUFACTURING
GUARDSt
MANUrACTURlNG
!
JANITORS* PORTERS* AND CLEANERS -----

i

*450

3 .6 5
4 .5 4

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

JA N ITO R S , PORTERS,

AND CLEANERS —

4 .7 0

See footn otes at end o f ta b le s .

E a rn in gs data in ta b le A - 6 r e la te o n ly to w o r k e r s w h ose sex
id e n tific a tio n w as p ro v id e d by the e s ta b lis h m e n t. E a rn in g s data in
ta b les A -4 and A - 5 , on the o th e r hand, r e la te to a ll w o r k e r s in an
occu pation. (S ee appendix A fo r p u b lica tio n c r i t e r i a . )

80

3 .8 4

Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts,
in San Diego, Calif., for selected periods
In d u stry and occu p a tion a l
group

N o v e m b e r 1972
to
N o v e m b e r 1973

N o v e m b e r 1973
to
N o v e m b e r 1974

N o v e m b e r 1974
to
N o v e m b e r 1975

A l l in d u s trie s :
O ffic e c le r ic a l (m en and w o m e n ). __________________
E le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g (m en and w om en )
In d u s tria l n u rses (m en and w o m en )
S k illed m ain ten an ce tra d e s (m e n )____________________
U n s k ille d plant w o r k e r s (m e n )

5.1
*
5.9
6.0
6.2

7.7
6.8
6.4
8.1
9.0

8.5
7.7
11.4
10.4
7.4

M a n u fa ctu rin g:
O ffic e c le r ic a l (m en and w o m en )
___
____
E le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g (m en and w om en )
In d u s tria l n u rses (m en and w om en )
S k illed m ain ten an ce tra d es (m e n )
____
U n sk illed plan t w o r k e r s (m e n )___________________ ____

4.8
*
5.9
6.3
**

7.1
6.0
6.1
9.6
**

10.0
8.6
11.6
10.0

N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g:
O ffic e c le r ic a l (m en and w om en )
E le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g (m en and w om en )_______
In d u s tria l n u rses (m en and w o m en )
_ ___
S k illed m ain ten an ce tra d e s (m en )
U n s k ille d plant w o r k e r s (m e n )_______________ _________

5.4
*
**
**
**

8.2
7.9

7.7
6.5
**
**
**

*
**

**

Data not a v a ila b le .
Data do not m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r ia .

N O T E : T h e p e rc e n t in c r e a s e s p re s e n te d in th is ta b le a re based on changes in a v e ra g e
h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r e sta b lish m en ts re p o rtin g the tre n d jo b s in both the cu rren t and previou s
y e a r (m atch ed e s ta b lis h m e n ts ).
T h e y a re not a ffe c te d by changes in a v e ra g e earn in gs
re s u ltin g fr o m em p lo ym en t sh ifts am ong esta b lish m en ts o r tu rn o v e r o f estab lish m en ts
inclu ded in s u rv e y s a m p les.
T h e p e rc e n t in c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r, a re s t ill a ffe c te d by fa c to rs
o th er than w a g e in c r e a s e s .
H ir in g s , la y o ffs , and tu rn o v e r m ay a ffe c t an estab lish m en t
a v e ra g e fo r an occu pation when w o r k e r s a re paid under plans p rovid in g a range o f w age rates
fo r in d ivid u a l jo b s . In p e rio d s o f in c r e a s e d h ir in g , fo r ex a m p le , new e m p lo y e e s en te r at the
b ottom of the ra n g e, d e p re s s in g the a v e ra g e w ithout a change in wage ra tes.
T h e s e w a ge tren d s a re not lin ked to the w age in d ex es p re v io u s ly published fo r this
a r e a becau se the w a ge in d ex es m e a s u re d changes in a r e a a v e ra g e s , w h erea s these w age
tren d s m e a s u re changes in m atch ed e sta b lish m en t a v e r a g e s . O ther c h a r a c te r is tic s o f th ese
w a ge tren d s w h ich d iffe r fr o m the discon tin u ed in d ex es include (1 ) ea rn in gs data o f o ffic e
c le r ic a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tria l n u rses a r e c o n v e rte d to an h o u rly b a sis, (2 ) tren d es tim a te s
a r e p ro v id e d fo r nonm anu factu ring esta b lis h m e n ts , w h e re p o s s ib le , and (3 ) tren d es tim a te s
a r e p ro v id e d fo r e le c tr o n ic data p ro c e s s in g jo b s .
F o r a m o r e d e ta ile d d e s c rip tio n o f the m ethod used to com pute th ese w age tre n d s , see
"Im p r o v in g A r e a W age S u rvey I n d e x e s ," M onthly L a b o r R e v ie w , January 1973, pp. 52-57.

Footnotes
1 Standard hou rs r e fle c t the w o rk w e e k
to th ese w e e k ly hours.
2 The m ean is com puted fo r each jo b
and h a lf r e c e iv e le s s than the ra te shown.
3 E xclu d es p re m iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e




fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir re g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s

(e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r o v e r tim e at re g u la r and/or p r e m iu m

r a t e s ), and the e a rn in g s c o rre s p o n d

by to ta lin g the ea rn in gs of a ll w o r k e r s and d ivid in g by the n u m ber of w o rk e rs .
The m edian d esign a tes p o sitio n — h a lf o f the e m p lo y e e s s u rv e y e d r e c e iv e m o r e
T h e m id d le range is d efin ed by 2 ra tes o f pay; a fourth o f the w o r k e r s earn le s s than the lo w e r o f th e s e ra te s and a fo u rth ea rn m o r e than the h ig h e r ra te.
and f o r w o rk on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , a n d 'la te sh ifts.

Appendix A
A r e a w a g e and r e la te d b e n e fits data a re obtained by p e rs o n a l v is its o f B u reau f ie ld r e p r e s e n t­
a tiv e s at 3 - y e a r i n t e r v a l s . 1 In each o f the in te rv e n in g y e a r s , in fo rm a tio n on em p lo ym en t and
occu p a tion a l e a rn in g s is c o lle c t e d by a com bin ation o f p e rs o n a l v is it ; m a il q u e s tio n n a ire , and telep h on e
in t e r v ie w fr o m e s ta b lis h m e n ts p a rtic ip a tin g in the p re v io u s su rvey.
In each o f the 83 2 a re a s c u r r e n tly su rv e y e d , data a re obtained fr o m r e p r e s e n ta tiv e e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b ro a d in d u stry d iv is io n s : M an u factu rin g; tra n s p o rta tio n , com m u n ica tion , and oth er
p u b lic u tilitie s ; w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il t r a d e ; fin a n ce, in su ra n ce, and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r
in d u s try grou p s exc lu d e d fr o m th e s e stu d ies a re go vern m en t operation s and the co n stru ctio n and
e x t r a c t iv e in d u s trie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts h avin g fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d num ber o f w o r k e r s a re om itted
b eca u se o f in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the occu pation s studied.
S ep a ra te tabu lation s a re p r o v id e d fo r
ea ch o f the b ro a d in d u stry d iv is io n s w h ich m e'et p u blication c r it e r ia .
T h e s e s u rv e y s a r e con du cted on a sam p le b a s is .
T h e sam plin g p r o c e d u re s in v o lv e d e ta ile d
s tr a tific a tio n o f a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the scope o f an in d ivid u a l a r e a su rvey by in d u stry and num ber
o f e m p lo y e e s . F r o m th is s tr a t ifie d u n iv e rs e a p ro b a b ility sa m p le is s e le c te d , w ith each esta b lish m en t
h avin g a p re d e te r m in e d chance o f s e le c tio n . T o obtain optim um a ccu ra cy at m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r
p ro p o rtio n o f la r g e than s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c te d . When data a re com bin ed, each esta b lish m en t
is w e ig h te d a c c o rd in g to its p r o b a b ility o f s e le c tio n , so that unbiased es tim a te s a re g e n e ra te d .
For
e x a m p le , i f one out o f fo u r e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c te d , it is given a w eigh t o f fo u r to r e p r e s e n t it s e lf
plus th r e e o th e rs . An a lte rn a te o f the sam e o r ig in a l p ro b a b ility is chosen in the sam e in d u s tr y -s iz e
c la s s ific a t io n i f data a r e not a v a ila b le f o r the o r ig in a l sam p le m e m b e r. I f no su itable su bstitute is
a v a ila b le , a d d itio n a l w e ig h t is a s s ig n e d to a sam p le m e m b e r that is s im ila r to the m is s in g unit.
O ccu pation s and E a rn in g s
O ccu pation s s e le c te d f o r study a re com m on to a v a r ie t y o f m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing
in d u s tr ie s , and a re o f the fo llo w in g ty p e s :
(1 ) O ffic e c le r ic a l; (2) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (3 )
m ain ten an ce and p o w erp la n t; and (4 ) c u s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m o vem en t. O ccu pation al c la s s ific a tio n is
b a sed on a u n ifo rm set o f jo b d e s c rip tio n s d esign ed to take account o f in te re s ta b lis h m e n t v a ria tio n
in d u ties w ith in th e sa m e jo b . O ccu pation s s e le c te d fo r study a re lis te d and d e s c rib e d in appendix B.
U n less o th e r w is e in d ic a te d , the e a rn in g s data fo llo w in g the jo b t itle s a re fo r a ll in d u s trie s com bin ed.
E a rn in g s data fo r so m e o f the o ccu p ation s lis te d and d e s c rib e d , o r fo r som e in d u stry d iv is io n s within
occu p a tion s, a re not p r e s e n te d in the A - s e r ie s ta b le s , becau se e ith e r (1 ) em p loym en t in the occupation
is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it p resen ta tio n , o r (2 ) th e r e is p o s s ib ility o f d is c lo s u r e of
in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t data. S e p a ra te m e n 's and w o m en 's ea rn in gs data a re not p re s e n te d when the
n u m b er o f w o r k e r s not id e n tifie d b y sex is 20 p e rc e n t o r m o r e o f the men o r w om en id e n tifie d in an
occu pation .
E a rn in g s data not shown s e p a r a te ly fo r in du stry d iv is io n s are in clu ded in a ll in d u s trie s
co m b in ed data, w h e re shown.
L ik e w is e , data a re in clu ded in the o v e r a ll c la s s ific a tio n when a sub­
c la s s ific a tio n o f e le c t r o n ic s te c h n ic ia n s , s e c r e t a r ie s , o r tr u c k d r iv e r s is not shown o r in fo rm a tio n to
s u b c la s s ify is not a v a ila b le .
O ccu p ation al e m p lo y m e n t and e a rn in g s data a re shown fo r fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th ose h ir e d
to w o rk a r e g u la r w e e k ly sch ed u le. E a rn in g s data exclu de p re m iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on
w e ek en d s, h o lid a y s , and la te sh ifts . N onprodu ction bonuses a re ex clu d ed , but c o s t - o f- liv in g allo w a n ces
and in c e n tiv e bonuses a r e ijic lu d e d .
W e e k ly h ou rs fo r o ffic e c le r ic a l and p ro fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l
occu p ation s r e f e r to the stan d ard w o rk w e e k (rounded to the n e a re s t h a lf h ou r) fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s
r e c e iv e r e g u la r s tr a ig h t- tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e of pay fo r o v e r tim e at re g u la r and/or p re m iu m r a te s ).
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s f o r th e s e occu pation s a re rounded to the n e a re s t h a lf d o lla r.
T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f occu pation al ea rn in gs in an a r e a at a p a rtic u la r tim e .
C o m p a ris o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c cu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r tim e m ay not r e fle c t e x p ected w a ge changes.
T h e a v e r a g e s fo r in d iv id u a l jo b s a re a ffe c te d by changes in w a ges and em p lo ym en t p a ttern s.
For
e x a m p le , p ro p o rtio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by h ig h - o r lo w -w a g e fir m s m ay ch an ge, o r h ig h -w a g e
w o r k e r s m a y ad van ce to b e t t e r jo b s and be r e p la c e d by new w o r k e r s at lo w e r ra te s .
Such s h ifts in
e m p lo y m e n t cou ld d e c r e a s e an o c cu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e even though m ost esta b lis h m e n ts in an a re a
in c r e a s e w a g e s d u rin g th e y e a r .
T r e n d s in ea rn in gs o f occu p ation al grou pq, shown in ta b le A - 7 ,
a re b e t t e r in d ic a to r s o f w a g e tre n d s than in d iv id u a l jo b s w ithin the groups.

A v e r a g e ea rn in g s r e fle c t c o m p o s ite , a re a w id e e s tim a te s . In d u s trie s and e sta b lish m en ts d iffe r
in pay l e v e l and jo b s ta ffin g , and thus co n trib u te d iffe r e n tly to the e s tim a te s fo r each jo b .
P ay
a v e r a g e s m a y f a il to r e f le c t a c c u ra te ly the w age d iffe r e n tia l am ong jo b s in in dividu al esta b lish m en ts.
A v e r a g e pay l e v e ls fo r m en and wom en in s e le c te d occupations should not be assu m ed to
r e fle c t d iffe r e n c e s in pay o f the s e x e s w ith in in d ivid u a l esta b lis h m e n ts . F a c to r s w h ich m ay con tribu te
to d iffe r e n c e s in clu d e p r o g r e s s io n w ithin e s ta b lis h e d ra te ra n g e s , sin ce only the ra tes paid incum bents
a re c o lle c te d , and p e r fo r m a n c e o f s p e c ific duties w ithin the g e n e r a l s u rv e y jo b d e s c rip tio n s .
Job
d e s c rip tio n s used to c la s s ify e m p lo y e e s in th e s e s u rv e y s u su ally a re m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than those used
in in d ivid u a l es ta b lis h m e n ts and a llo w fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong esta b lish m en ts in s p e c ific
du ties p e r fo r m e d .
O ccu p a tion a l e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a ll esta b lish m en ts w ith in the scope
o f th e study and not the n u m ber actu a lly s u rv e y e d . B eca u se occu p ation al s tru ctu res am ong e s ta b lis h ­
m en ts d iffe r , e s tim a te s o f o ccu p ation al em p lo ym en t obtain ed fr o m the s a m p le o f esta b lish m en ts studied
s e r v e only to in d ic a te the r e la t iv e im p o rta n c e o f the jo b s studied. T h e s e d iffe r e n c e s in occu pation al
stru ctu re do not a ffe c t m a t e r ia lly the a c c u ra c y o f the e a rn in g s data.
W a ge tre n d s f o r s e le c te d o ccu p ation al gro u p s
The
Annual ra te s
span b etw een
in c r e a s e d at

p e rc e n ts o f change in ta b le A -7 r e la te to w a ge changes b etw een the in d ica ted dates.
o f in c r e a s e , w h e re shown, r e f le c t the amount o f in c r e a s e fo r 12 m onths when the tim e
s u rv e y s w a s o th er than 12 m onths. Annual r a te s a re b a sed on the assum ption that w ages
a constant ra te b etw een s u rv e y s .

O ccu pation s u sed to com pute w age tre n d s a re :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m en and w o m e n ):
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B
C le r k s , a ccou n tin g, c la s s e s A and B
C le r k s , f i l e , c la s s e s A , B , and C
C le r k s , o r d e r
C le r k 8, p a y r o ll
Keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s e s A and B
M essen gers
S e c r e t a r ie s
S te n o g ra p h e rs , g e n e ra l
S te n o g ra p h e rs , s e n io r
S w itch b o a rd o p e ra to rs
T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B
T y p is ts , c la s s e s A and B
E le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g
(m en and w o m e n ):
C o m p u ter o p e r a to r s , c la s s e s A , B , and C
C o m p u te r p r o g r a m m e r s , c la s s e s A , B ,
and C

E le c tr o n ic data p ro c e s s in g (m en
and w om en )— Continued
C o m p u ter s y s te m s a n a ly sts, c la s s e s A ,
B , and C
In d u s tria l n u rses (m en and w o m e n ):
N u r s e s , in d u s tria l (r e g is t e r e d )
S k ille d m ain ten an ce (m e n ):
C a rp e n te rs
E le c tr ic ia n s
M a ch in ists
M ech a n ics
M ech a n ics (a u to m o tiv e )
P a in te r s
P ip e fit t e r s
T o o l and die m a k e rs
U n s k ille d plant (m e n ):
J a n ito rs , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e rs
L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l handling

P e r c e n t changes fo r in d iv id u a l a rea s in the p ro g r a m a re com puted as fo llo w s :
1. E ach occu pation is a ssign ed a w eig h t b a sed on its p ro p o rtio n a te em p loym en t in the s e le c te d
grou p o f occu pation s in the b ase y e a r .
2. T h e s e w e ig h ts a r e u sed to com pu te grou p a v e r a g e s .
E ach occu p a tio n 's a v e ra g e (m ean )
e a rn in g s is m u ltip lie d by its w e ig h t. T h e p rod u cts a re to ta le d to obtain a grou p a v e ra g e .
3. T h e r a tio o f grou p a v e r a g e s fo r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s is com pu ted by divid in g the a v e ra g e
fo r the c u rre n t y e a r by the a v e ra g e fo r the e a r lie r y e a r . T h e r e s u lts — e x p r e s s e d as a p ercen t— le s s 100
is the D ercen t change.
E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c tic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w a ge p r o v is io n s

1 Personal visits were on a 2-year c ycle before July 1972.
2 Included in the 83 areas are 13 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas are Akron, Ohio; Austin, T e x . ; Binghamton,
N .Y . —Pa. ; Birmingham, Ala. ; Fort Lauderdale—Hollywood and West Palm Beach—Boca Raton, Fla. ; Lexington—Fayette, K y .; Melbourne—T itusville—
Cocoa, F la .; Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, Va. —N. C . ; Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, F E Y .; Raleigh—
Durham, N .C .; Syracuse, N . Y . ; Utica—R om e, N . Y . ; and Westchester County^ N .Y . In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies in
approximately 70 areas at the request o f the Employment Standards Administration of the U.S. Department of Labor.




T a b u la tio n s on s e le c te d e sta b lish m en t p r a c tic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s (B - 9 e r ie s
ta b le s ) a re not p re s e n te d in th is b u lletin .
In fo rm a tio n fo r th ese tabu lation s is c o lle c te d at 3 -y e a r
in te r v a ls . 1 T h e s e tab u lation s on m in im u m en tran ce s a la r ie s fo r in e x p e rie n c e d o ffic e w o r k e r s ; shift
d iffe r e n tia ls ; sch edu led w e e k ly hou rs and d ays; p a id h o lid a y s ; paid v a c a tio n s ; and h ealth , in su ra n ce, and
pen sion plans a re p re s e n te d (in the B - s e r ie s t a b le s ) in p re v io u s b u lle tin s fo r th is a rea.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
in San Diego, C a lif.,1 November 1975

In d u stry d iv is io n 2

A l l d iv is io n s ___________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g_______________________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g______________________________ ____
T r a n s p o rta tio n , com m u n ication ,
and o th e r pu blic u tilitie s 5 __
W h o le s a le tra d e 6 ___________________________
R e ta il tra d e 6 ____________________________________
F in a n c e , in su ra n ce, and
r e a l esta te 6 ____ _____________________________
S e r v ic e s 67
_

M in im u m
em p loym en t
in e s ta b lis h m ents in scope
o f study

N u m b er o f estab lish m en ts

W o r k e r * in e s ta b lis h m e n t*
W ithin scope o f s tu d y 4

W ithin scop e
o f s tu d y 3

Studied

Studied
N um ber

P ercen t

_

715

127

177. 856

100

95,542

50
-

173
542

36
91

65.147
112.709

37
63

4 1 ,259
54,283

50
50
50

29
61
235

12
7
29

16, 907
6, 874
46,763

9
4
26

15,021
1,081
2 2 ,156

50
50

80
137

12
31

21.145
21,020

12
12

8, 007
8,018

1 The San D iego Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as d efin ed by the O ffic e o f M an agem en t and Budget th rou gh F e b r u a r y 1974, co n s is ts
o f San D ie g o C ounty.
T h e "w o r k e r s w ith in scop e o f stu d y" e s tim a te s shown in th is ta b le p ro v id e a rea so n a b ly a c c u ra te d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and
c o m p o s itio n o f the la b o r fo r c e included in the s u r v e y .
E s tim a te s a r e not intended, h o w e v e r, fo r c o m p a riso n w ith o th e r em p lo y m en t in d ex es to
m e a s u re em p loym en t tren d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1) planning o f w age s u rv e y s re q u ir e s estab lish m en t data co m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in ad va n ce o f the
p a y r o ll p e rio d stu d ied , and (2) s m a ll e sta b lish m en ts a r e exclu d ed fr o m the scope o f the s u rvey .
2 Th e 1967 ed ition o f the Standard In d u stria l C la s s ific a tio n M anual w as used in c la s s ify in g estab lish m en ts by in d u stry d iv is io n .
3 In clu des a ll e sta b lish m en ts w ith to ta l em p lo ym en t at o r a b ove the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A l l ou tlets (w ith in the a re a ) o f co m p a n ie s in in d u s trie s
such as tr a d e , fin a n c e , auto re p a ir s e r v ic e , and m otion p ic tu re th e a te rs a r e c o n s id e re d as 1 estab lish m en t.
4 Inclu des a ll w o r k e r s in a ll esta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l em p loym en t (w ith in the a rea) at o r above the m inim u m lim ita tio n .
5 A b b r e v ia te d to "p u b lic u t ilit ie s " in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s .
T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in ciden tal to w a te r tra n s p o rta tio n w e r e exclu d ed .
San D ie g o 's
tra n s it s y s te m is m u n ic ip a lly op e ra te d and is exclu ded by d e fin itio n fr o m the scope o f the s u rvey .
6 T h is d iv is io n is re p re s e n te d in e s tim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " and "n on m an u factu rin g" in the A - s e r ie s ta b le s . S ep a ra te p re s e n ta tio n o f data
is not m ade fo r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g re a s o n s :
(1) E m p lo ym en t is too s m a ll to p ro v id e enough data to m e r it s e p a ra te study, (2) the sa m p le
w as not d esign ed in it ia lly to p e rm it s e p a ra te p re s e n ta tio n , (3 ) re s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequate to p e rm it s e p a ra te p re s e n ta tio n , and (4) th e r e
is p o s s ib ility o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d ivid u al e sta b lish m en t data.
7 H o te ls and m o te ls ; la u n d ries and o th er p e rs o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u sin ess s e r v ic e s ; a u tom ob ile r e p a ir , re n ta l, and p a rk in g; m otion p ic tu r e s ; n o n p ro fit
m e m b e rs h ip o rg a n iz a tio n s (e x c lu d in g r e lig io u s and c h a r ita b le o r g a n iz a tio n s ); and e n gin eerin g and a rc h ite c tu ra l s e r v ic e s .




Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

T h e p r im a r y purpose o f p re p a rin g job d e s c rip tio n s fo r the B u re a u 's w age s u rv e y s is to a s s is t its f ie ld s ta ff in c la s s ify in g into a p p ro p ria te
o ccu p ation s w o r k e r s who a re em p lo y e d under a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o ll tit le s and d iffe re n t w o rk a rra n g e m e n ts fr o m e s ta b lish m en t to e sta b lish m en t and
fr o m a r e a to a re a .
T h is p e rm its the grouping o f o ccu p ation al w a ge ra tes re p re s e n tin g c o m p a ra b le jo b content.
B eca u se o f th is em p h asis on
in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t and in te r a r e a co m p a ra b ility o f o ccu p ation al content, the B u re a u 's jo b d e s c rip tio n s m ay d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m th ose in use in
in d iv id u a l e sta b lish m en ts o r th ose p re p a re d fo r o th e r p u rp o ses.
In applyin g th ese jo b d e s c r ip tio n s , the B u re a u 's fie ld eco n o m is ts a re in stru cted
to ex clu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s ; ap p ren tices; le a r n e r s ; b e g in n e rs ; t r a in e e s ; and handicapped, p a r t - t im e , t e m p o r a r y , and p ro b a tio n a ry w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
B I L L E R , M A C H IN E

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T IN G

P r e p a r e s s ta te m e n ts , b ills , and in v o ic e s on a m achine oth er than an o r d in a r y o r e le c tr o m a tic
ty p e w r it e r . M a y a ls o k eep r e c o r d s as to b illin g s o r shipping c h a rg es o r p e r fo r m oth er c le r ic a l w ork
in c id e n ta l to b illin g o p e ra tio n s . F o r w a ge study p u rp o ses, b ille r s , m ach in e, are c la s s ifie d b y typ e of
m a c h in e , as fo llo w s :

P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e accounting c le r ic a l ta sk s such as postin g to r e g is te r s and le d g e r s ;
r e c o n c ilin g bank accounts; v e r ify in g the in te rn a l c o n s is te n c y , c o m p le te n e s s , and m a th em a tica l accu ra cy
of accounting docu m ents; a ssign in g p r e s c r ib e d accounting d istrib u tio n c o d es; exam in in g and v e r ify in g
fo r c le r ic a l a c c u ra c y v a rio u s ty p e s o f r e p o r ts , lis t s , c a lc u la tio n s , p o stin g , e tc .; o r p re p a rin g sim p le o r
a s s is tin g in p re p a rin g m o r e c o m p lic a te d jo u rn a l v o u c h e rs . M a y w o rk in e ith e r a m anual o r autom ated
accounting sys te m .

B i l l e r , m a ch in e (b illin g m a c h in e ).
U ses a s p e c ia l b illin g m achine (com b in a tion typ in g and
adding m a c h in e ) to p r e p a r e b ills and in v o ic e s fr o m c u s to m e r s ' p u rchase o r d e r s , in te rn a lly p re p a re d
o r d e r s , shipping m e m o ra n d u m s , e tc .
U s u a lly in v o lv e s a pplication of p re d e te rm in e d discounts and
shipping c h a rg e s and e n try o f n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w hich m ay o r m ay not be com puted on the b illin g
m a c h in e , and to ta ls w h ich a re a u to m a tic a lly accu m u lated by m ach in e. T h e op eration u su ally in v o lv e s a
la r g e n u m b er o f ca rb o n c o p ie s o f the b i l l b ein g p re p a re d and is often done on a fa n fo ld m ach in e.
B i l l e r r m a ch in e (b ook k eep in g m a c h in e ). U ses a bookkeeping m achine (w ith o r without a
t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a rd ) to p r e p a r e c u s to m e r s ' b ills as part o f the accounts r e c e iv a b le op era tio n .
G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s the sim u ltan eou s e n try o f fig u re s on c u s to m e r s ' le d g e r re c o r d .
T h e m achine
a u to m a tic a lly a ccu m u lates fig u r e s on a n u m b er o f v e r t ic a l colum ns and com putes and u su ally p rin ts
a u to m a tic a lly the d ebit o r c r e d it b a la n c e s . D oes not in v o lv e a kn ow ledge of book k eep in g. W o rk s fr o m
u n ifo rm and stan dard ty p e s o f s a le s and c r e d it s lip s.

T h e w o rk re q u ir e s a k n o w led ge o f c le r ic a l m eth ods and o ffic e p r a c tic e s and p ro c e d u re s which
r e la te s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s in g and re c o rd in g of tra n s a c tio n s and accounting in fo rm a tio n .
W ith
e x p e r ie n c e , the w o r k e r t y p ic a lly b e c o m e s fa m ilia r w ith the b ookkeepin g and accounting te r m s and
p ro c e d u re s used in the a ssig n ed w o r k , but is not r e q u ir e d to have a k n ow led ge of the fo r m a l p rin c ip le s
o f book k eep in g and accounting.
P o s itio n s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d efin ition s.
C la s s A . U n d er g e n e r a l s u p e rv is io n , p e r fo r m s accounting c le r ic a l op era tion s w hich re q u ire
the ap p lica tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d gm en t, fo r e x a m p le , c le r ic a lly p ro c e s s in g c o m p lic a te d o r
n o n re p e titiv e accounting tra n s a c tio n s , s e le c tin g am ong a su b stan tial v a r ie t y o f p r e s c r ib e d accounting
co d es and c la s s ific a t io n s , o r tr a c in g tra n s a c tio n s though p re v io u s accounting actions to d eterm in e
s o u rce o f d is c r e p a n c ie s . M a y be a s s is te d by one o r m o r e c la s s B accounting c le rk s .

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

O p e ra te s a b oo k k eep in g m a ch in e (w ith o r w ithout a t y p e w r ite r k e y b o a rd ) to k eep a r e c o r d of
b u s in e s s tra n s a c tio n s .
C la s s A . K e e p s a set o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n ow ledge o f and e x p e rie n c e in b a s ic bookkeepin g
p r in c ip le s , and fa m ilia r it y w ith the s tru c tu re o f the p a rtic u la r accounting s y stem used.
D e te rm in e s
p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d is trib u tio n o f d eb it and c r e d it ite m s to be used in each phase o f the w o rk . M ay
p r e p a r e co n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b a la n ce s h e e ts , and oth er re c o r d s by hand.

C la s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e phases o r sectio n s of a set o f r e c o r d s usually
re q u irin g lit t le k n o w led ge o f b a s ic b o o k k eep in g. P h a ses o r section s include accounts p a ya b le, p a y r o ll,
c u s t o m e r s ' accounts (not in clu d in g a s im p le typ e of b illin g d e s c rib e d under b i l l e r , m a c h in e ), cost
d is trib u tio n , exp en se d is trib u tio n , in v e n to r y c o n tr o l, e tc . M a y check o r a ss is t in p re p a ra tio n o f t r ia l
b a la n c e s and p re p a r e c o n tr o l sh eets f o r the accounting d epartm en t.




C la s s B . U n d er c lo s e s u p e rv is io n , fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in stru ctio n s and sta n d a rd ized p ro c e d u re s ,
p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e rou tin e accounting c le r ic a l o p e ra tio n s , such as p ostin g to le d g e r s , c a rd s , or
w o rk s h e e ts w h e re id e n tific a tio n o f ite m s and lo c a tio n s o f p ostin gs a re c le a r ly in d icated ; checking
a c c u ra c y and c o m p le te n e s s o f sta n d a rd ize d and r e p e titiv e r e c o r d s o r accounting docum ents; and coding
docum ents using a fe w p r e s c r ib e d accounting co d es.
C L E R K , F IL E
F i l e s , c la s s ifie s , and r e t r ie v e s m a te r ia l in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g s ystem .
M a y p e r fo r m
c le r ic a l and m anual ta sk s r e q u ir e d to m ain tain file s . P o s itio n s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the b a sis
o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A . C la s s ifie s and
docu m en ts, e tc ., in an e s ta b lis h e d
M a y a ls o f i l e th is m a t e r ia l.
M ay
le a d a s m a ll g ro u p o f lo w e r l e v e l

in d ex es f i l e m a te r ia l such as c o rre s p o n d e n c e , re p o r ts , te c h n ic a l
filin g s y s te m con tain in g a n u m ber o f v a r ie d su bject m a tte r file s .
k eep re c o r d s o f v a rio u s ty p es in conju nction w ith the f ile s .
M ay
file c le r k s .

C la s s _ B .
S o rts , c o d e s , and file s u n c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l b y s im p le (su b ject m a t t e r ) headings
o r p a rtly c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l b y fin e r subheadings. P r e p a r e s s im p le re la te d in dex and c r o s s - r e fe r e n c e
aids. As re q u e s te d , lo c a te s c le a r ly id e n tifie d m a t e r ia l in file s and fo r w a r d s m a te r ia l. M a y p e r fo r m
r e la te d c le r ic a l ta sk s r e q u ir e d to m ain tain and s e r v ic e f ile s .
C la s s C . P e r fo r m s rou tin e filin g o f m a t e r ia l that has a lr e a d y been c la s s ifie d o r w h ich is
e a s ily c la s s ifie d in a s im p le s e r ia l c la s s ific a tio n
s y s te m (e .g ., a lp h a b etica l, c h ro n o lo g ic a l, o r
n u m e ric a l). A s re q u e s te d , lo c a te s re a d ily a v a ila b le m a t e r ia l in file s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l; and m ay
f i l l out w ith d ra w a l ch a rg e . M ay p e r fo r m s im p le c le r ic a l and m anual ta sk s r e q u ir e d to m ain tain and
s e r v ic e file s .
C L E R K , ORDER

•Exclusions
N ot all p ositio n s that a re title d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the ab ove c h a r a c t e r is t ic s .
p o s itio n s w hich a re exclu d ed fr o m the d e fin itio n a re as fo llo w s :
a.

P o s itio n s w h ich do not m e e t the "p e r s o n a l" s e c r e t a r y co n cep t d e s c r ib e d above;

b.

S ten ograp h ers not fu lly tra in e d in s e c r e t a r ia l ty p e du ties;

c.
S ten ograp h ers
m a n a g e r ia l p erson s;

s e rv in g

as

o ffic e

a ss is ta n ts

to

a grou p

o f p r o fe s s io n a l, te c h n ic a l,

d.
S e c re ta ry p o sitio n s in w h ich the du ties a re e ith e r su b s ta n tia lly m o r e
sta n tia lly m o re co m p lex and res p o n s ib le than th o s e c h a r a c t e r iz e d in the d e fin itio n ;

R e c e iv e s cu s to m e rs * o r d e r s fo r m a te r ia l o r m e rc h a n d is e b y m a il, phone, o r p e rs o n a lly .
Duties in v o lv e any com bin ation o f the fo llo w in g : Q uoting p r ic e s to c u s to m e rs ; m aking out an o r d e r
sheet lis tin g the ite m s to m ake up the o r d e r ; ch eck in g p r ic e s and q u a n tities o f ite m s on o r d e r sheet;
and d istrib u tin g o r d e r sh eets to r e s p e c tiv e dep a rtm en ts to be fille d . M a y ch eck w ith c r e d it dep artm en t
to d eterm in e c r e d it ra tin g o f c u s to m e r, ack n ow led ge r e c e ip t of o r d e r s fr o m c u s to m e rs , fo llo w up
o rd e r s to s ee that th ey have been fille d , k eep file o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and check shipping in v o ic e s
w ith o rig in a l o rd e r s .
CLERK, P A Y R O LL
C om pu tes w a g es o f com pany e m p lo y e e s and e n te rs the n e c e s s a r y data on the p a y r o ll sh eets.
Duties in v o lv e :
C a lcu la tin g w o r k e r s ’ ea rn in gs b a sed on tim e o r prod u ction r e c o r d s ; and postin g
calcu la ted data on p a y r o ll sh e e t, showing in fo rm a tio n such as w o r k e r ’ s n a m e, w o rk in g days, tim e ,
ra te , deductions fo r in su ra n ce, and to ta l w a ges due. M a y m ake out p aych eck s and a s s is t p a y m a s te r
in m aking up and d istrib u tin g pay e n v e lo p e s .
M a y use a ca lcu la tin g m ach in e.
KEYPUNCH O PE R ATO R

or

rou tin e o r sub­

e.
A ssistan t typ e p ositio n s w hich in v o lv e m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e r e s p o n s ib le te c h n ic a l,
a d m in is tra tiv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c l e r i c a l du ties w h ich a re not t y p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r ia l
w o rk .
N O T E : Th e t e r m "c o r p o r a te o f f i c e r , " used in the l e v e l d e fin itio n s fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to th ose
o ffic ia ls who have a sig n ific a n t c o r p o r a te -w id e p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r com pany
a c t iv it ie s . The title " v ic e
p r e s id e n t ," though n o r m a lly in d ic a tiv e o f th is r o le , do^s not in a ll c a s e s
id e n tify such p osition s. V ic e p re s id e n ts w h ose p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ility is to act p e r s o n a lly on in d iv id u a l
c a s e s o r tra n sa ction s (e .g ., approve o r deny in d iv id u a l loan o r c r e d it a ctio n s; a d m in is te r in d ivid u a l
tru st accounts; d ir e c tly s u p e rv is e a c le r ic a l s t a ff) a re not c o n s id e r e d to be "c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " fo r
p u rp o ses o f applying the fo llo w in g le v e l d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A
1.
S e c re ta ry to the ch airm an o f the b o a rd o r p re s id e n t o f a com p an y that e m p lo y s ,
o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5,000 p e rs o n s ; o r

in a ll,

a lph abetic and/or n u m e ric data on tabulating

O p era tes a keypunch m ach in e to r e c o r d o r v e r i f y
ca rd s o r on tape.
P o s itio n s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls

E x a m p le s of

on the b a s is

2.
S e c re ta ry to a c o rp o ra te o f f ic e r (o th e r than the ch a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t) o f a
com pany that em p lo ys, in a ll, o v e r 5,000 but fe w e r than 25, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

of the fo llo w in g d efin itio n s.

3.
S e c re ta ry to the head, im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the c o r p o r a te o f f ic e r l e v e l, o f a m a jo r segm en t
o r s u b s id ia ry of a com pany that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 25,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

C la s s A . W o rk r e q u ir e s the a p p lica tion o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju dgm en t in s e le c tin g p ro c e d u re s
to be fo llo w e d and in s e a rc h in g fo r , in te r p r e tin g , s e le c tin g , o r coding ite m s to be keypunched fr o m a
v a r ie t y of s o u rce docum ents. On o c ca sio n m a y a ls o p e r fo r m som e rou tine keypunch w o rk . M ay tra in
in e x p e rie n c e d keypunch o p e ra to rs .
C la s s B.
W ork is rou tin e and r e p e titiv e .
U n der c lo s e s u p e rv is io n o r fo llo w in g s p e c ific
p ro ced u res o r in s tru c tio n s , w o rk s fr o m v a rio u s s ta n d a rd ized s o u rce docum ents w h ich h ave been coded,
and fo llo w s s p e c ifie d p ro c e d u re s w hich have been p r e s c r ib e d in d e ta il and re q u ire lit t le o r no s e le c tin g ,
cod in g, o r in te rp re tin g o f data to be r e c o r d e d . R e fe r s to s u p e r v is o r p ro b le m s a ris in g fr o m e rro n e o u s
item s or co d es o r m is s in g in fo rm a tio n .
M E SSE N G E R

C la s s B
1.
S e c re ta ry to the ch airm an o f the b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t o f a com p an y that e m p lo y s ,
fe w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; or
2.
S e c re ta ry to a c o rp o ra te o ffic e r (o th e r than the ch a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t) o f a
com pany that e m p lo y s, in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; or
3.
S e c re ta ry to the head, im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the o f f ic e r le v e l, o v e r e ith e r a m a jo r c o r p o r a t e ­
w id e fu n ction al a c tiv ity (e .g ., m a rk etin g , r e s e a r c h , o p e ra tio n s , in d u s tria l r e la tio n s , e t c .) o r a m a jo r
g e o g ra p h ic o r o rg a n iza tio n a l segm en t (e .g ., a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a rte rs ; a m a jo r d iv is io n ) o f a com pany
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5,000 but fe w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p lo y e e s ; o r

P e r fo r m s v a rio u s rou tine duties such as running e rra n d s , o p e ra tin g m in o r o ffic e m ach in es
such as s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , opening and d istrib u tin g m a il, and oth er m in o r c le r ic a l w o rk . E xclu de
position s that re q u ir e op era tion o f a m o to r v e h ic le as a s ig n ific a n t duty.

4.
S e c re ta ry to the head of an in d iv id u a l plant,
o f f ic ia l) that em p lo ys, in a ll, o v e r 5 ,000 p e r s o n s ; o r

SECRETARY

5.
S e c re ta ry to the head o f a la r g e and im p o rta n t o rg a n iz a tio n a l segm en t (e .g ., a m id d le
m an agem en t s u p e rv is o r of an o rg a n iz a tio n a l segm en t often in v o lv in g as m any as s e v e r a l hundred
p e r s o n s ) o r a com pany that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 25,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

A s s ig n e d as p e rs o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o rm a lly to one in d ivid u a l.
M ain tain s a c lo s e and h igh ly
re s p o n sive re la tio n s h ip to the d a y -to -d a y w o rk o f the s u p e r v is o r .
W o rk s f a ir ly in depen den tly
re c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e ta ile d su p e rv is io n and gu idan ce. P e r fo r m s v a r ie d c le r ic a l and s e c r e t a r ia l
d u ties, u su ally in clu d in g m o st o f the fo llo w in g :
a.
R e c e iv e s telep h on e c a lls , p e rs o n a l c a lle r s ,
and rou tes te c h n ic a l in q u irie s to the p r o p e r p e rs o n s ;
b.

E s ta b lis h e s ,

c.

M ain tain s the s u p e r v is o r 's ca le n d a r and m akes appointm ents as in stru cted ;

d.
v is o r 's

m a in ta in s,

and r e \ is e s the

and in co m in g m a il, a n s w e rs rou tin e in q u ir ie s ,

R e la y s m e s s a g e s fr o m

P e r fo r m s

s u p e r v is o r to su b ord in ates;

sten o gra p h ic and typ in g w ork .

M a y a lso p e r fo r m o th er c le r ic a l and s e c r e t a r ia l tasks o f c o m p a ra b le n atu re and d iffic u lty .
T h e w o rk ty p ic a lly r e q u ir e s k n ow led ge o f o ffic e rou tin e and u nderstanding of the o rg a n iz a tio n , p r o g r a m s ,
and p ro c e d u re s r e la te d to the w o rk o f the s u p e r v is o r .




e tc. (o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t

le v e l of

C la s s C
1. S e c re ta ry to an e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p erso n w h ose r e s p o n s ib ility is not eq u iva len t to
one of the s p e c ific le v e l situations in the d e fin itio n f o r c la s s B , but w h ose o r g a n iz a tio n a l unit
n o r m a lly num bers at le a s t s e v e r a l dozen e m p lo y e e s and is u su ally d iv id e d into o r g a n iz a tio n a l segm en ts
w h ich are often, in turn, fu rth e r subdivided. In so m e c o m p a n ie s , th is le v e l in clu d es a w id e range o f
o rg a n iz a tio n a l ech elon s; in o th e rs , only one o r tw o; o r

s u p e r v is o r 's file s ;

e.
R e v ie w s c o rre s p o n d e n c e , m em o ra n d u m s, and re p o r ts p r e p a r e d by o th ers fo r the s u p e r­
sign a tu re to a ssu re p ro c e d u ra l and ty p o g ra p h ic accu ra cy;
f.

fa c t o r y ,

2.
S e c re ta ry to the head o f an in d iv id u a l p lan t,
o f f ic ia l) that em p lo ys, in a ll, fe w e r than 5,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

fa c t o r y ,

e tc. (o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f

C la ss D
1.
S e c re ta ry to the
about 25 o r 30 p e rs o n s ); £ r

s u p e rv is o r

or

h ead

of

a s m a ll

o r g a n iz a tio n a l

unit

(e .g .,

fe w e r

them

2.
S e c re ta ry to a n o n s u p e rv is o ry s ta ff s p e c ia lis t , p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is tra tiv e
o f f ic e r , o r assistan t, s k ille d tech n ician o r e x p e r t.
(N O T E :
M any co m p a n ies assign s te n o g ra p h e rs ,
ra th e r than s e c r e ta r ie s as d e s c rib e d ab ove, to th is l e v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)

in a l

STENO G RAPH ER

T A B U L A T IN G - M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (E le c t r ic A ccou n tin g M achine O p e r a to r )

P r im a r y duty is to ta k e d icta tio n using shorthand, and to tra n s c rib e the dictation . M a y a lso
ty p e fr o m w ritte n cop y.
M a y o p e ra te fr o m a sten ogra p h ic pool.
M ay o c c a s io n a lly tr a n s c r ib e fr o m
v o ic e
re c o r d in g s ( i f p r im a r y duty is tra n s c rib in g fr o m re c o r d in g s , s e e T ra n s c r ib in g -M a c h in e
O p e r a to r , G e n e ra l).

O p e ra te s one o r a v a r ie t y o f m ach in es such as the ta b u la to r, c a lc u la to r, c o lla to r , in te r p r e te r ,
s o r t e r , rep ro d u cin g punch, e tc. E xclu d ed fr o m th is d efin itio n a re w o rk in g s u p e rv is o rs . A ls o exclu d ed
a re o p e r a to r s o f e le c t r o n ic d ig ita l c o m p u te rs , even though th ey m ay a ls o o p era te E A M equipm ent.

N O T E : T h is jo b is d is tin g u is h e d fr o m that o f a s e c r e ta r y in that a s e c r e t a r y n o rm a lly w o rk s
in a c o n fid e n tia l r e la tio n s h ip w ith on ly one m a n a g er o r e x ecu tive and p e r fo r m s m o r e re s p o n s ib le and
d is c r e tio n a r y ta s k s as d e s c r ib e d in the s e c r e t a r y jo b d efin ition .

C la s s A. P e r fo r m s c o m p le te re p o rtin g and tabu lating assign m en ts including d e v is in g d iffic u lt
c o n tr o l panel w ir in g under g e n e r a l s u p e rv is io n .
A s s ig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e a v a r ie ty o f lon g and
co m p le x re p o r ts w h ich often a re ir r e g u la r o r n o n re c u rrin g , re q u irin g som e planning o f the nature and
sequ encing o f o p e ra tio n s , and the use o f a v a r ie t y o f m a ch in es. Is t y p ic a lly in v o lv e d in tra in in g new
o p e ra to rs in m ach in e o p e ra tio n s o r tra in in g lo w e r l e v e l o p e ra to rs in w irin g fr o m d ia g ra m s and in
the o p era tin g sequ en ces o f lon g and c o m p le x re p o r ts .
D oes not include p o sition s in w hich w irin g
r e s p o n s ib ility is lim it e d to s e le c tio n and in s e rtio n o f p r e w ir e d b o a rd s.

S te n o g ra p h e r, G e n e r a l
D ictation in v o lv e s a n o r m a l rou tin e v o ca b u la ry .
o r p e r fo r m o th er r e la t iv e ly rou tin e c le r i c a l task s.

M ay m aintain

file s ,

k eep s im p le r e c o r d s ,

S te n o g ra p h e r, S e n io r
re p o r ts

D icta tion in v o lv e s a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l ,o r s p e c ia liz e d vo c a b u la ry such as in le g a l b r ie fs o r
on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h . M a y a ls o set up and m aintain file s , keep r e c o r d s , etc.
OR

P e r fo r m s s te n o g ra p h ic du ties re q u irin g s ig n ific a n tly g r e a t e r independence and r e s p o n s ib ility
than s te n o g ra p h e r, g e n e r a l, as e v id e n c e d b y the fo llo w in g : W o rk re q u ir e s a high d e g r e e o f sten ogra p h ic
s p eed and a c c u ra c y ; a th o ro u gh w o rk in g k n ow led ge o f g e n e r a l bu sin ess and o ffic e p ro c e d u re ; and o f
the s p e c ific bu sin ess o p e r a tio n s , o r g a n is a tio n , p o lic ie s , p r o c e d u re s , f ile s , w o r k flo w , e tc . U ses th is
k n o w led ge in p e r fo r m in g s te n o g ra p h ic du ties and res p o n s ib le c le r ic a l ta sk s such as m ain tain in g follow u p
f ile s ; a s s e m b lin g m a t e r ia l fo r r e p o r t s , m em o ra n d u m s, and le t t e r s ; com posin g sim p le le t t e r s fr o m
g e n e r a l in s tru c tio n s ; re a d in g and rou tin g in co m in g m a il; and a n sw erin g routine q u estio n s, etc.

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s a te lep h o n e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n so le used w ith a p riv a te b ran ch exch an ge (P B X )
s y s te m to r e la y in c o m in g , ou tgo in g, and in tr a - s y s te m c a lls .
M ay p ro v id e in fo rm a tio n to c a lle r s ,
r e c o r d and tr a n s m it m e s s a g e s , k eep r e c o r d of c a lls p la ced and t o ll ch a rg e s .
B e s id e s o p era tin g a
telep h o n e sw itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le , m a y a ls o typ e o r p e r fo r m routine c le r ic a l w o rk (typin g o r routine
c l e r i c a l w o rk m ay occu p y the m a jo r p o rtio n o f the w o r k e r 's tim e , and is usually p e r fo r m e d w h ile at
the sw itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le ).
C h ie f o r le a d o p e ra to rs in esta b lish m en ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one
o p e r a to r a re ex clu d ed . F o r an o p e r a to r who a lso acts as a re c e p tio n is t, see S w itch b oard O p e ra to rR e c e p tio n is t.

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T IO N IS T
At a s in g le -p o s itio n te lep h o n e s w itch b o a rd o r c o n s o le , acts both as an o p e r a to r — see S w itch ­
b o a rd O p e ra to r— and as a r e c e p tio n is t. R e c e p tio n is t's w ork in v o lv e s such duties as g r e e tin g v is it o r s ;
d e te rm in in g natu re o f v i s i t o r 's b u sin ess and p ro v id in g a p p ro p ria te in fo rm a tio n ; r e fe r r in g v is it o r to
a p p ro p ria te p erso n in the o r g a n iz a tio n , o r con tactin g that p erso n by teleph on e and a rra n g in g an
appointm ent; k eep in g a lo g o f v is it o r s .

P o s itio n s a re c la s s ifie d in to le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d efin ition s.

C la s s B . P e r fo r m s w o rk a cco rd in g to e s ta b lis h e d p ro c e d u re s and under s p e c ific in stru ction s.
A ssig n m en ts t y p ic a lly in v o lv e c o m p le te but rou tin e and re c u r r in g re p o r ts o r p arts o f la r g e r and m o re
c o m p le x re p o r ts .
O p era tes m o r e d iffic u lt tabu latin g o r e le c t r ic a l accounting m achines such as the
ta b u la to r and c a lc u la to r , in addition to the s im p le r m ach in es used by c la s s C o p e ra to rs .
M ay be
r e q u ire d to do som e w ir in g fr o m d ia g ra m s .
M a y tra in new e m p lo y e e s in b a sic m achine o p eration s.
C la s s C . U n d er s p e c ific in s tru c tio n s , o p e ra te s s im p le tabu latin g o r e le c t r ic a l accounting
m ach in es such as the s o r t e r , in t e r p r e t e r , rep ro d u cin g punch, c o lla t o r , e tc.
A ssign m en ts ty p ic a lly
in v o lv e p o rtio n s o f a w o rk unit, fo r e x a m p le , in d ivid u a l so rtin g o r co lla tin g runs, o r r e p e titiv e
o p e ra tio n s .
M a y p e r fo r m sim p le w irin g fr o m d ia g ra m s , and do som e filin g w ork.
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L
P r im a r y duty is to tr a n s c r ib e d ictation in v o lv in g a n o rm a l rou tin e v o ca b u la ry fr o m tr a n ­
s c rib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a lso typ e fr o m w ritte n cop y and do sim p le c le r ic a l w o rk . W o rk e rs
tra n s c rib in g d icta tio n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d vo c a b u la ry such as le g a l b r ie fs or
re p o rts on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h a re not in clu d ed .
A w o r k e r who ta k es dictation in shorthand o r by
Stenotype o r s im ila r m ach in e is c la s s ifie d as a s ten o g ra p h er.
T Y P IS T
U ses a t y p e w r it e r to m ake c o p ie s o f v a rio u s m a te r ia ls o r to m ake out b ills a fte r calcu lation s
have been m ade by another p ers o n .
M ay in clu de typ in g o f s te n c ils , m a ts, o r s im ila r m a te r ia ls fo r
use in du plicatin g p r o c e s s e s . M a y do c le r ic a l w o rk in v o lv in g lit t le s p e c ia l tra in in g , such as keeping
s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r ts , o r s o rtin g and d istrib u tin g in com in g m a il.
C la s s A . P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : T y p in g m a te r ia l in fin a l fo r m when it
in v o lv e s com b in in g m a t e r ia l fr o m s e v e r a l s o u rc e s ; o r re s p o n s ib ility fo r c o r r e c t s p e llin g , s y lla b ic a tio n ,
punctuation, e t c ., o f te c h n ic a l o r unusual w o rd s o r fo r e ig n langu age m a te r ia l; o r planning layou t and
typ in g o f c o m p lic a te d s ta tis tic a l ta b le s to m ain tain u n ifo rm ity and b a lan ce in spacing. M ay typ e routine
fo r m le t t e r s , v a ry in g d e ta ils to suit c irc u m s ta n c e s .

C la s s B . P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : C opy typ in g fr o m rough o r c le a r d ra fts;
o r rou tin e typ in g o f fo r m s , in su ran ce p o lic ie s , e tc; o r settin g up sim p le standard tab u lation s; or
cop yin g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s a lre a d y set up and sp aced p r o p e r ly .

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
C O M PU TER O PERATO R

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — Continued

M o n ito rs and o p e r a te s the c o n tr o l c o n so le o f a d ig ita l com p u ter to p r o c e s s data a c c b rd in g to
o p e ra tin g in s tru c tio n s , u su a lly p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m m e r .
W o rk includes m ost o f the fo llo w in g :
S tudies in s tru c tio n s to d e te r m in e equ ipm en t setup and o p era tio n s; loads equipm ent With r e q u ir e d
ite m s (tape r e e ls , c a r d s , e t c .); sw itc h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia ry equipm ent into c ir c u it, and sta rts and
o p e ra te s c o m p u ter; m a k es a dju stm en ts to co m p u ter to c o r r e c t o p era tin g p ro b le m s and m e e t s p e c ia l
c o n d itio n s; r e v ie w s e r r o r s m ade during op era tion and d e te rm in e s cause o r r e fe r s p ro b le m to
s u p e r v is o r o r p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a in ta in s o p era tin g r e c o r d s .
M ay te s t and a s s is t in c o r r e c tin g
program .

C la s s B .
O p era tes in d ep en d en tly, o r under only g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n , a co m p u ter running
p ro g r a m s w ith m o st o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c te r is tic s : M o st o f the p ro g r a m s a re e sta b lish ed produ ction
ru ns, ty p ic a lly run on a r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; th e re is lit t le o r no testin g o f new p ro g ra m s
r e q u ire d ; a lte rn a te p ro g r a m s a re p ro v id e d in ca se o r ig in a l p r o g r a m n eed s m a jo r change o r cannot be
c o r r e c t e d w ithin a re a s o n a b ly tim e . In com m on e r r o r situ a tion s, d ia g n o ses cause and ta k es c o r r e c t iv e
action .
T h is u su ally in v o lv e s applyin g p re v io u s ly p ro g ra m m e d c o r r e c t iv e step s, o r using standard
c o r r e c tio n tech n iq u es.
OR

F o r w a g e study p u rp o s e s ,

co m p u te r o p e ra to rs

are c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . O p e ra te s in d ep en d en tly, o r under only g e n e r a l d ire c tio n , a co m p u ter running
p ro g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c te r is tic s :
N ew p ro g ra m s a re fre q u e n tly te s te d and
in tro d u ced ; sch edu lin g re q u ir e m e n ts a re o f c r it ic a l im p o rta n ce to m in im ize d ow n tim e; the p ro g ra m s
a r e o f c o m p le x design so that id e n tific a tio n o f e r r o r sou rce often r e q u ire s a w o rk in g k n ow led ge o f the
to ta l p r o g r a m , and a lte rn a te p r o g r a m s m a y not be a v a ila b le .
M ay g iv e d ir e c tio n and guidance to
lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a to r s .




O p era tes under d ir e c t s u p e rv is io n a co m p u ter running p ro g r a m s o r segm ents of p ro g ra m s
w ith the c h a r a c t e r is t ic s d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A . M ay a s s is t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e ra to r by independently
p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta sk s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt ta sk s fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in stru ctio n s
and w ith freq u en t r e v ie w o f o p era tio n s p e rfo r m e d .
C la s s C . W o rk s on rou tin e p ro g r a m s under c lo s e s u p e rv is io n . Is e x p ected to d e v e lo p w ork in g
k n ow led ge o f the co m p u te r equipm ent used and a b ility to d etect p ro b le m s in v o lv e d in running routine
p r o g r a m s . U s u a lly has r e c e iv e d som e fo r m a l tra in in g in co m p u ter o p e ra tio n . M ay a ssist h ig h e r le v e l
o p e r a to r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .

C o n v e rts statem en ts o f bu sin ess p r o b le m s , ty p ic a lly p r e p a r e d by a sy s te m s a n alyst, in to a
sequ ence o f d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s w h ich a re r e q u ir e d to s o lv e the p ro b le m s b y au tom atic data p ro c e s s in g
equipm ent. W o rk in g fr o m c h a rts o r d ia g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s the p r e c is e in s tru c tio n s w hich,
when e n te re d in to the co m p u te r s y s te m in cod ed la n gu a ge, cau se the m an ipu lation o f data to a ch ieve
d e s ir e d re s u lts .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : A p p lie s k n o w led ge o f co m p u ter c a p a b ilitie s ,
m a th e m a tic s , lo g ic e m p lo y e d b y c o m p u te rs , and p a rtic u la r su b ject m a tte r in v o lv e d to a n a lyze ch arts
and d ia g ra m s o f the p ro b le m to be p ro g ra m m e d ; d ev e lo p s sequ en ce o f p r o g r a m step s; w r ite s d e ta ile d
flo w ch arts to show o r d e r in w h ich data w i l l be p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e rts th e s e ch a rts to co d ed in stru ctio n s
fo r m achine to fo llo w ; te s ts and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s tru c tio n s f o r o p e ra tin g p e rs o n n e l
during p rodu ction run; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lte r s p ro g r a m s to in c r e a s e o p e ra tin g e ffic ie n c y o r
adapt to new re q u ire m e n ts ; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s o f p r o g r a m d evelo p m en t and re v is io n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s
p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p ro g ra m m in g should be c la s s ifie d as sy s te m s an alysts i f th is is
the s k ill used to d e te rm in e t h e ir p a y .)
D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily re s p o n s ib le f o r the m a n agem en t o r s u p e rv is io n o f oth er
e le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o g r a m m e r s p r im a r ily c o n c e rn e d w ith s c ie n t ific and/or
e n g in eerin g p ro b le m s .
F o r w a ge study p u rp o s e s ,

p r o g r a m m e r s a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W o rk s in depen den tly o r under o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on c o m p le x p ro b le m s w hich
re q u ire com p eten ce in a ll ph ases o f p r o g ra m m in g co n cep ts and p r a c tic e s .
W o rk in g fr o m d ia g ra m s
and ch arts w h ich id e n tify the nature o f d e s ir e d r e s u lts , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g steps to b e a cc o m p lis h e d ,
and the re la tio n s h ip s b etw een v a rio u s steps o f the p r o b le m s o lv in g rou tin e; plans the fu ll range
o f p ro g ra m m in g action s n eed ed to e ffic ie n t ly u tiliz e the co m p u ter s y s te m in a ch ievin g d e s ir e d
end produ cts.
A t th is l e v e l, p ro g ra m m in g is d iffic u lt b eca u se co m p u ter equ ipm ent m u st be o rg a n iz e d to
produ ce s e v e r a l in t e r r e la t e d but d iv e r s e p rod u cts fr o m n u m erou s and d iv e r s e data e le m e n ts . A w id e
v a r ie t y and e x te n s iv e n u m ber o f in te r n a l p r o c e s s in g action s m ust o c c u r. T h is r e q u ire s such action s as
d evelopm en t o f com m on o p e ra tio n s w h ich can be reu s e d , e sta b lish m en t o f lin k a ge poin ts b etw een
o p era tio n s, adju stm ents to data when p r o g r a m re q u ire m e n ts e x c e e d co m p u te r s to r a g e c a p a c ity , and
substantial m an ipu lation and re s e q u e n c in g o f data e le m e n ts to fo r m a h ig h ly in te g ra te d p r o g r a m .
M ay

p ro v id e

fu n ction a l

d ir e c tio n to

lo w e r l e v e l

p rogra m m ers

who a re

sy s te m s a n a lysts a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W ork s in depen den tly o r under o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on c o m p le x p ro b le m s in v o lv in g
a ll p hases o f s y s te m a n a ly sis.
P ro b le m s a r e c o m p le x b eca u se o f d iv e r s e s o u rc e s o f input data and
m u ltip le -u s e req u irem en ts o f output data. (F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in te g r a te d p ro d u ctio n sch ed u lin g,
in v e n to ry c o n tro l, c o st a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in w h ich e v e r y it e m o f ea ch ty p e is
a u to m a tic a lly p ro c e s s e d throu gh the fu ll s y s te m o f r e c o r d s and a p p ro p ria te fo llo w u p actio n s a re in itia te d
b y the c o m p u te r.) C o n fe rs w ith p erso n s c o n c e rn e d to d e te rm in e th e data p ro c e s s in g p ro b le m s and
a d v is e s s u b je c t-m a tte r p ers o n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s o f n ew o r r e v is e d s y s te m s o f data p r o c e s s in g
o p e ra tio n s . M akes reco m m en d a tio n s, i f n e e d ed , fo r a p p ro v a l o f m a jo r s y s te m s in s ta lla tio n s o r ch an ges
and fo r obtaining equipm ent.
M a y p ro v id e fu n ction al d ire c tio n to lo w e r l e v e l s y s te m s a n a ly sts who a re a s s ig n e d to a s s is t.
C la s s B . W o rk s independently o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on p ro b le m s that a re r e la t iv e ly
u n com p lica ted to a n a ly ze , plan, p r o g r a m , and o p e ra te . P r o b le m s a r e o f lim it e d c o m p le x ity b eca u se
s o u rc e s o f input data a re hom ogeneous and the output data a r e c lo s e ly re la te d . (F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s
s y s te m s fo r m aintaining d e p o s ito r accounts in a bank, m ain ta in in g accounts r e c e iv a b le in a r e t a il
e s ta b lish m en t, o r m ain tain in g in v e n to ry accounts in a m a n u fa ctu rin g o r w h o le s a le e s ta b lis h m e n t.)
C o n fe rs w ith p e rso n s co n cern ed to d e te rm in e the data p r o c e s s in g p ro b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c tm a tte r p e rs o n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s o f the data p ro c e s s in g s y s te m s to be a pplied.
OR
W o rk s on a segm en t o f a co m p le x data p r o c e s s in g sc h e m e o r s y s te m , as d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A.
W o rk s independently on routine assign m en ts and r e c e iv e s in s tru c tio n and gu idance on c o m p le x
a s s ig n m e n ts . W o rk is r e v ie w e d fo r a ccu ra cy o f ju d g m en t, c o m p lia n c e w ith in s tru c tio n s , and to in su re
p r o p e r align m en t w ith the o v e r a ll s ystem .
C la ss C . W o rk s under im m e d ia te s u p e rv is io n , c a r r y in g out a n a ly s e s as a s s ig n e d , u su ally
o f a s in g le a c tiv ity .
A ssign m en ts a re d es ig n e d to d e v e lo p and expand p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e in the
a p p lica tion o f p ro c e d u re s and s k ills r e q u ir e d fo r s y s te m s a n a ly s is w o rk . F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s is t a
h ig h e r l e v e l system s analyst b y p re p a rin g the d e ta ile d s p e c ific a tio n s r e q u ir e d b y p r o g r a m m e r s fr o m
in fo rm a tio n develop ed by the h ig h e r l e v e l an alyst.

a s s ig n e d to a s s is t.

C la s s B . W o rk s in d ep en d en tly o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ire c tio n on r e la t iv e ly s im p le p r o g r a m s ,
o r on sim p le segm en ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s . P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n ts ) u su ally p r o c e s s in fo rm a tio n to
produ ce data in tw o o r th r e e v a r ie d sequ en ces o r fo r m a ts .
R e p o rts and lis tin g s a re p rod u ced by
re fin in g , adapting, a r r a y in g , o r m akin g m in o r additions to o r d e letio n s fr o m input data w h ich a re
re a d ily a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m erou s r e c o r d s m a y be p r o c e s s e d , the data have been r e fin e d in p r io r
action s so that the a c c u ra c y and sequ en cin g o f data can be te s te d b y using a fe w routine ch ecks.
T y p ic a lly , the p ro g r a m d ea ls w ith rou tin e re c o r d -k e e p in g ty p e o p e ra tio n s .
OR
W ork s on co m p le x p ro g r a m s (as d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A ) under c lo s e d ire c tio n of a h ig h e r
l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s is t h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r b y in depen den tly p e r fo r m in g
le s s d iffic u lt ta sk s a ssign ed , and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt task s under f a ir ly c lo s e d ire c tio n .
M ay guide o r in s tru c t lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s C . M ak es p r a c tic a l a p p lica tio n s o f p ro g ra m m in g p r a c tic e s and con cep ts u su ally le a rn e d
in fo r m a l tra in in g c o u rs e s .
A s s ig n m e n ts a re d esig n ed to d e v e lo p c o m p eten ce in the ap p lication of
standard p ro c e d u re s to rou tine p ro b le m s . R e c e iv e s c lo s e s u p e rv is io n on n ew a sp ects o f a ssign m en ts;
and w o rk is r e v ie w e d to v e r i f y its a c c u ra c y and c o n fo rm a n c e w ith r e q u ir e d p ro c e d u re s .
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BU SINESS
A n a ly z e s b u sin ess p ro b le m s to fo rm u la te p r o c e d u re s f o r s o lv in g th e m by use o f e le c tr o n ic
data p r o c e s s in g equ ipm en t.
D e v e lo p s a c o m p le te d e s c rip tio n o f a ll s p e c ific a tio n s n eed ed to enable
p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e r e q u ir e d d ig ita l co m p u ter p r o g r a m s .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
A n a ly ze s s u b je c t-m a tte r o p e ra tio n s to be autom ated and id e n tifie s con d ition s and c r i t e r i a r e q u ir e d to
a ch ieve s a tis fa c to r y re s u lts ; s p e c ifie s nu m ber and ty p es o f r e c o r d s , f il e s , and docum ents to be used;
ou tlines action s to be p e r fo r m e d by p e rs o n n e l and c o m p u ters in s u ffic ie n t d e ta il fo r p re s e n ta tio n to
m anagem ent and fo r p r o g ra m m in g (ty p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p re p a ra tio n o f w o rk and data flo w c h a rts );
co o rd in a tes the d evelo p m en t o f te s t p ro b le m s and p a rtic ip a te s in t r i a l runs o f new and r e v is e d s y s te m s ;
and recp m m en d s equ ipm en t changes to obtain m o r e e ffe c t iv e o v e r a ll o p e ra tio n s .
(N O T E :
W o rk ers
p e rfo rm in g both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p ro g ra m m in g should be c la s s ifie d as s y s te m s a n alysts i f th is is
the s k ill used to d e te rm in e t h e ir p a y .)
D oes not in clu de e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le f o r the m a n agem en t o r s u p e rv is io n o f o th er
e le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r s y s te m s an alysts p r im a r ily c o n c e rn e d w ith s c ie n tific o r
en g in eerin g p ro b le m s .




F o r wage study p u rp o ses,

D RAFTER
C la ss A . P la n s the gra p h ic p re s e n ta tio n o f c o m p le x ite m s h a vin g d is tin c tiv e d esig n fe a tu re s
that d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m esta b lis h e d d ra ftin g p r e c e d e n ts . W o rk s in c lo s e su pport w ith the d esign
o r ig in a to r , and m a y re c o m m e n d m in o r d esign ch a n ges.
A n a ly z e s the e ffe c t o f ea ch change on the
d e ta ils o f fo r m , function, and p o s itio n a l re la tio n s h ip s o f com p on en ts and p a r ts .
W o rk s w ith a
m in im u m o f s u p e rv is o ry a s sista n ce. C o m p le te d w o rk is r e v ie w e d by d esig n o r ig in a t o r fo r c o n s is te n c y
w ith p r io r e n g in eerin g d eterm in a tio n s. M a y e it h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d ir e c t th e ir p r e p a r a tio n by
lo w e r l e v e l d ra fte rs .
C la ss B . P e r fo r m s nonroutine and c o m p le x d ra ftin g a ssig n m en ts that r e q u ir e th e a p p lica tio n
of m o st o f the s ta n d a rd ized draw ing tech n iq u es r e g u la r ly used. D u ties ty p ic a lly in v o lv e such w o r k as:
P r e p a r e s w ork in g d ra w in gs o f su b a ssem b lies w ith i r r e g u la r sh a p e s , m u ltip le fu n ction s, and p r e c is e
p o s itio n a l rela tio n sh ip s b etw een com pon en ts; p r e p a r e s a r c h ite c tu r a l d ra w in g s fo r c o n s tru c tio n o f a
bu ildin g including d e ta il d raw in gs o f fou n dation s, w a ll s e c tio n s , f lo o r p la n s, and ro o f. U s e s a cce p te d
fo rm u la s and m anuals in m aking n e c e s s a r y co m p u ta tion s to d e te r m in e qu a n tities o f m a t e r ia ls to be
used, lo a d c a p a c itie s , s tren gth s, s t r e s s e s , e tc .
R e c e iv e s in it ia l in s tru c tio n s , re q u ir e m e n ts , and
a d v ic e fr o m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le te d w o rk is c h e ck ed fo r te c h n ic a l adequ acy.
C la s s C . P r e p a r e s d e ta il d ra w in gs o f s in g le units o r p a rts f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tru c tio n ,
m a n u fa ctu rin g, o r r e p a ir p u rp o ses.
T y p e s o f d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d in clu d e is o m e t r ic p r o je c tio n s
(d e p ic tin g th re e d im en sion s in accu ra te s c a le ) and s e c tio n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s itio n in g o f com pon en ts
and co n v e y n eeded in fo rm a tio n .
C o n s o lid a te s d e ta ils fr o m a n u m b er o f s o u rc e s and ad ju sts o r
tra n s p o s e s scale as re q u ire d .
S u ggested m eth od s o f a p p ro a ch , a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n ts , and a d v ic e on
s o u rc e m a te r ia ls a re giv e n w ith in itia l a s s ig n m e n ts . In s tru c tio n s a r e le s s c o m p le te when a ssig n m en ts
re c u r .
W o rk m ay be s p o t-ch eck ed during p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T E R -T R A C E R
C o p ies plans and d ra w in gs p r e p a r e d b y o th e rs by p la c in g tr a c in g c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r d ra w in g s
and tr a c in g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
(D oes not in clu d e t r a c in g lim it e d to plans p r im a r ily c o n s is tin g o f
s tra ig h t lin e s and a la r g e s c a le not re q u irin g c lo s e d e lin e a tio n .)
AND/OR
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e titiv e d ra w in g s o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d ite m s .
d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

W o r k is c lo s e ly s u p e r v is e d

W o rk s on
com b in ation o f the
c o n s tru c tin g , and
p r in c ip le s , a b ility

v a r io u s typ es o f e le c t r o n ic equipm ent and re la te d d e v ic e s by p e rfo rm in g one o r a
fo llo w in g : In s ta llin g , m ain tain in g, re p a irin g , o verh au lin g, tro u b le s h o o tin g , m o d ify in g ,
te s tin g .
W o rk re q u ir e s p r a c tic a l application o f tech n ica l k n ow ledge o f e le c tr o n ic s
to d e te rm in e m a lfu n c tio n s , and s k ill to put equipm ent in re q u ire d o p era tin g condition.

C la s s B . A p p lie s c o m p re h e n s iv e te c h n ic a l k n ow ledge to s o lv e c o m p lex p ro b lem s (i.e ., those
that ty p ic a lly can be s o lv e d s o le ly by p r o p e r ly in te rp re tin g m a n u fa c tu re rs ' m anuals o r s im ila r
d ocu m en ts) in w o rk in g on e le c tr o n ic equipm ent. W o rk in v o lv e s : A fa m ilia r it y with the in te r r e la tio n ­
ships o f c ir c u its ; and ju dgm en t in d e te rm in in g w o rk sequ ence and in s e le c tin g to o ls and testin g
in stru m en ts, usually le s s co m p le x than th ose used by the c la s s A tech n ician .

T h e equ ipm ent— c o n s is tin g o f e ith e r m any d iffe re n t kinds o f c irc u its o r m u ltip le re p e titio n of
the sa m e kind o f c ir c u it— in c lu d e s , but is not lim ite d to , the fo llo w in g :
(a ) E le c tr o n ic tra n s m ittin g
and r e c e iv in g equ ipm en t (e .g ., r a d a r , ra d io , t e le v is io n , telep h o n e, son ar, n a v ig a tio n a l a id s ), (b )
d ig ita l and analog c o m p u te rs , and ( c ) in d u s tria l and m e d ic a l m ea su rin g and c o n tro llin g equipm ent.

R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l gu id an ce, as r e q u ire d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r le v e l tech n icia n , and
w o rk is r e v ie w e d fo r s p e c ific co m p lia n c e w ith a ccep ted p ra c tic e s and w ork a ssign m en ts. M ay p rovid e
te c h n ic a l guidance to lo w e r l e v e l tech n icia n s.

T h is c la s s ific a tio n ex c lu d e s r e p a ir e r s o f such standard e le c tr o n ic equipm ent as com m on o ffic e
m a ch in es and hou sehold ra d io and te le v is io n s ets; production a s s e m b le rs and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w hose
p r im a r y duty is
s e r v ic in g e le c t r o n ic test in stru m en ts; tech n ician s who have a d m in is tra tiv e o r
s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s ib ility ; and d r a ft e r s , d e s ig n e r s , and p ro fe s s io n a l e n g in e e rs .

C la s s C . A p p lie s w o rk in g te c h n ic a l kn ow ledge to p e r fo r m sim p le o r routine tasks in w orking
on e le c tr o n ic equ ipm en t, fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in stru ctio n s w hich c o v e r v ir tu a lly all p ro c e d u re s .
W ork
ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s such task s as: A s s is tin g h ig h er l e v e l tech n icia n s by p e rfo rm in g such a c tiv itie s as
re p la c in g com pon en ts, w ir in g c ir c u it s , and taking te s t rea d in gs; re p a irin g sim p le e le c tr o n ic equipm ent;
and using to o ls and com m on te s t in stru m en ts (e .g ., m u ltim e te r s , audio sign a l g e n e ra to rs , tube t e s te r s ,
o s c illo s c o p e s ). Is not r e q u ire d to be fa m ilia r w ith the in te rre la tio n s h ip s o f c irc u its . T h is know ledge,
h o w e v e r, m ay be a c q u ired through assign m en ts d esign ed to in c r e a s e co m p eten ce (including c la s s ro o m
tr a in in g ) so that w o r k e r earn advance to h ig h e r l e v e l tech n ician .

P o s itio n s a re c la s s ifie d in to le v e ls

on the b a sis o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .

C la s s A .
A p p lie s advan ced te c h n ic a l kn ow ledge to s o lv e unusually c o m p le x p r o b le m s (i.e .,
th ose that ty p ic a lly cannot be s o lv e d s o le ly by
r e fe r e n c e to m a n u fa c tu re rs ' m anuals o r s im ila r
d o cu m en ts) in w o rk in g on e le c t r o n ic equipm ent.
E xa m p les o f such p ro b le m s include lo ca tio n and
d en sity o f c ir c u it r y , e le c t r o - m a g n e t ic ra d ia tio n , is o la tin g m alfu n ction s, and freq u en t e n g in e e rin g
ch an ges.
W ork in v o lv e s :
A d e ta ile d u nderstanding of the in te rre la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u its ; e x e r c is in g
independent ju dgm en t in p e r fo r m in g such tasks as m aking c ir c u it a n alyses, ca lcu la tin g w ave fo r m s ,
tr a c in g re la tio n s h ip s in sig n a l flo w ; and r e g u la r ly using c o m p lex te s t in stru m en ts (e .g ., dual tr a c e
o s c illo s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d evia tio n m e t e r s , pulse g e n e r a to r s ).
W o rk m a y be r e v ie w e d by
c o m p lia n c e w ith a cce p te d p r a c tic e s .

s u p e r v is o r (fre q u e n tly an en gin eer o r d e s ig n e r ) fo r g e n e ra l
M a y p ro v id e tech n ica l guidance to lo w e r le v e l tech n icia n s.

R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l gu id an ce, as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h er le v e l tech n ician . W ork
is ty p ic a lly spot ch eck ed , but is given d e ta ile d r e v ie w when new o r advanced assign m en ts are in volved .
N U R S E , IN D U S T R IA L (R e g is t e r e d )
A r e g is t e r e d n u rse who g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e under g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ire c tio n to i l l o r in ju red
e m p lo y e e s o r o th er p e rs o n s who b e c o m e i l l o r s u ffe r an accident on the p re m is e s o f a fa c to r y or
o th er esta b lis h m e n t.
D uties in v o lv e a com b in ation o f the fo llo w in g : G ivin g fir s t aid to the i l l or
in ju red ; attending to subsequent d re s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; keepin g r e c o rd s o f patients trea ted ;
p re p a rin g a ccid en t re p o r ts fo r com p en sation o r oth er p u rp o ses; a s s is tin g in p h y sica l exam inations and
health eva lu a tion s o f a p p lican ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y in g out p ro g ra m s in v o lv in g health
ed u cation , a ccid en t p re v e n tio n , eva lu a tion o f plant e n viro n m en t, o r o th er a c tiv itie s a ffe c tin g the health,
w e lfa r e , and s a fe ty of a ll p e rs o n n e l. N u rsin g s u p e r v is o r s o r head n u rses in estab lish m en ts em p loyin g
m o r e than one n u rse a re exclu d ed .

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
B O IL E R T E N D E R

H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

F i r e s s ta tio n a ry b o ile r s to fu rn ish the estab lish m en t in which e m p lo y ed w ith heat, p o w er,
o r steam .
F e e d s fu els to f i r e by hand o r o p era tes a m ech a n ica l s to k er, g a s , o r o il b u rn e r; and
ch eck s w a te r and s a fe ty v a lv e s .
M a y clea n , o il, o r a s s is t in rep a irin g b o ile r r o o m equipm ent.

A s s is ts one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m ain ten an ce tr a d e s , by p e rfo rm in g s p e c ific o r
g e n e ra l duties o f le s s e r s k ill, such as k eep in g a w o r k e r supplied w ith m a te r ia ls and to o ls ; cleaning
w o rk in g a re a , m a ch in e, and equ ip m en t; a s s is tin g jou rn eym a n by h olding m a te r ia ls o r to o ls ; and
p e r fo r m in g o th er u n sk illed task s as d ir e c te d by jou rn eym a n . T h e kind o f w o rk the h e lp e r is p erm itted
to p e r fo r m v a r ie s fr o m tra d e to tra d e :
In som e tra d e s the h e lp e r is con fin ed to supplying, liftin g ,
and holding m a te r ia ls and to o ls , ^nd clea n in g w o rk in g a re a s ; and in o th ers he is p e rm itte d to p e rfo rm
s p e c ia liz e d m ach in e o p e ra tio n s , o r p a rts o f a tra d e that a re a ls p p e r fo r m e d by w o r k e r s on a
fu ll- t im e b a s is .

C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r fo r m s the c a r p e n tr y du ties n e c e s s a r y to co n stru ct and m aintain in good r e p a ir building
w o o d w o rk and equ ip m en t such as b in s , c r ib s , cou n ters, b en ch es, p a rtitio n s , d o o rs , flo o r s , s ta ir s ,
c a s in g s , and t r im m ad e o f w ood in an e s ta b lish m en t. W o rk in v o lv e s m ost of the fo llo w in g : Planning
and la y in g out o f w o r k fr o m b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s, m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in stru ctio n s; using a v a r ie t y of
c a r p e n te r 's han d tools, p o rta b le p o w e r to o ls , and standard m ea su rin g in stru m en ts; m aking standard
shop com pu tation s r e la tin g to d im en sio n s o f w o rk ; and s e le c tin g m a te r ia ls n e c e s s a r y fo r the w o rk . In
g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce c a rp e n te r r e q u ire s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e usually
a c q u ire d throu gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r eq u ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .
E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r fo r m s a v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic a l tra d e functions such as the in s ta lla tio n , m ain ten an ce, o r
r e p a ir o f equ ipm ent fo r the g e n e ra tio n , d is trib u tio n , o r u tiliza tio n o f e le c t r ic e n e r g y in an e s ta b lish m en t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t of the fo llo w in g : In s ta llin g o r re p a irin g any o f a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic a l equipm ent
such as g e n e r a to r s , t r a n s fo r m e r s , s w itc h b o a rd s , c o n t r o lle r s , c ir c u it b r e a k e r s , m o to r s , h eating u nits,
conduit s y s te m s , o r o th e r tra n s m is s io n equ ipm en t; w o rk in g fr o m b lu ep rin ts, d ra w in g s , la you ts, o r
o th e r s p e c ific a tio n s ; lo c a tin g and d ia gn o sin g tro u b le in the e le c t r ic a l system o r equipm ent; w ork in g
stan d ard com pu tation s re la tin g to lo a d re q u ire m e n ts o f w irin g o r e le c t r ic a l equipm ent; and using a
v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic ia n 's handtools and m e a s u rin g and testin g in stru m en ts. In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the
m ain ten an ce e le c t r ic ia n re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e usually a c q u ire d through a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r eq u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .
E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O p era tes and m a in ta in s and m ay a lso s u p e rv is e the op eration o f s ta tio n a ry en gin es and
equ ipm en t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to supply the esta b lish m en t in w hich em p lo y e d w ith p o w e r, heat,
r e fr ig e r a t io n , o r a ir -c o n d itio n in g .
W o rk in v o lv e s :
O p era tin g and m aintaining equipm ent such as
stea m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a to r s , m o to rs , tu rb in es, ven tila tin g and r e fr ig e r a t in g equ ipm en t,
stea m b o ile r s and b o ile r - f e d w a te r pum ps; m aking equipm ent re p a ir s ; and keeping a r e c o r d o f o p era tio n
o f m a c h in e ry , te m p e r a tu r e , and fu e l consum ption.
M a y a ls o s u p e rv is e th e s e o p e ra tio n s .
H ead o r
c h ie f e n g in e e rs in e s ta b lis h m e n ts em p lo y in g m o r e than one e n g in e e r are exclu ded.




M A C H IN E - T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O L R O O M
S p e c ia liz e s in o p e ra tin g one o r m o r e than one typ e o f m ach in e to o l (e .g ., j i g b o r e r , grin d in g
m a ch in e, en gin e la th e, m illin g m a c h in e ) to m ach in e m e ta l fo r use in m aking o r m aintaining jig s ,
fix tu r e s , cutting to o ls , g a u g es, o r m e ta l d ies o r m o ld s used in shaping o r fo rm in g m e ta l o r n o n m eta llic
m a t e r ia l (e .g ., p la s tic , p la s t e r , ru b b er, g la s s ). W ork ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s : Planning and p e rfo rm in g
d iffic u lt m ach in in g o p e ra tio n s w hich re q u ir e c o m p lic a te d setups o r a high d e g re e o f accu ra cy; setting
up m ach in e to o l o r to o ls (e .g ., in s ta ll cutting t o o ls and adjust g u id es, stop s, w ork in g ta b le s , and other
c o n tro ls to handle the s iz e o f stock to be m ach in ed ; d e te rm in e p ro p e r fe e d s , speeds, to o lin g , and
o p era tio n sequ ence o r s e le c t th ose p r e s c r ib e d in d ra w in g s , b lu ep rin ts, o r la yo u ts); using a v a r ie ty of
p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in stru m en ts; m aking n e c e s s a r y adjustm ents during m achining op eration to a ch ieve
re q u is ite d im en sio n s to v e r y c lo s e t o le r a n c e s . M a y be re q u ire d to s e le c t p ro p e r 'coolan ts and cutting
and lu b ric a tin g o ils , to re c o g n iz e when to o ls need d re s s in g , and to d re s s to o ls . In g e n e ra l, the w ork
o f a m a c h in e -to o l o p e r a to r , t o o lr o o m , at the s k ill le v e l c a lle d fo r in th is c la s s ific a tio n re q u ire s
e x te n s iv e k n ow led ge o f m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c tic e u su ally a c q u ired through con s id e ra b le
o n -th e -jo b tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .
F o r c r o s s -in d u s tr y w age study p u rp o s e s , th is c la s s ific a tio n does not include m a c h in e -to o l
o p e r a to r s , to o lr o o m , e m p lo y e d in to o l-a n d -d ie jo b b in g shops.

M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E
P ro d u c e s re p la c e m e n t p a rts and new p a rts in m aking r e p a ir s o f m e ta l p arts o f m ech a n ica l
equ ipm ent o p e ra te d in an esta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : in te rp re tin g w ritten
in s tru c tio n s and s p e c ific a tio n s ; planning and la y in g out o f w o rk ; using a v a r ie t y of m a c h in is t's handtools
and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; settin g up and o p era tin g stan dard m ach in e to o ls ; shaping o f m e ta l

p arts to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; m akin g stan dard shop com pu tation s r e la tin g to d im en sio n s o f w o rk , to o lin g ,
fe e d s , and sp eed s o f m ach in in g; k n ow led ge o f the w o rk in g p r o p e r tie s o f the com m on m e ta ls ; s e le c tin g
standard m a te r ia ls , p a r ts , and equ ipm ent r e q u ir e d fo r th is w o rk ; and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a rts into
m ech a n ica l equipm ent.
In g e n e r a l, the m a c h in is t's w o rk n o r m a lly re q u ir e s a rounded tra in in g in
m a ch in e-sh o p p r a c tic e u su ally a cq u ired th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r eq u iva len t tra in in g
and e x p e rie n c e .

P a in ts and r e d e c o ra te s w a lls , w o o d w o rk , and fix tu r e s o f an esta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s the
fo llo w in g : K n ow led ge o f su rfa ce p e c u lia r itie s and ty p e s o f paint r e q u ir e d fo r d iffe r e n t a p p lic a tio n s ;
p re p a rin g s u rfa ce fo r painting by re m o v in g old fin is h o r by p la c in g putty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o le s and
in te r s t ic e s ; and applying paint w ith sp ra y gun o r b ru sh . M a y m ix c o lo r s , o ils , w h ite le a d , and oth er
paint in g re d ie n ts to obtain p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is te n c y .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk of the m ain ten an ce
p a in te r r e q u ire s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r
equ iva len t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M a in ten a n ce)
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a irs a u to m o b ile s , b u ses, m o to rtru c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s ta b lish m en t.
W o rk in v o lv e s
m o st o f the fo llo w in g : E xa m in in g a u tom otive equ ipm en t to d iagn ose so u rce o f tro u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g
equipm ent and p e r fo r m in g re p a ir s that in v o lv e the use of such handtools as w re n c h e s , ga u ges, d r ills ,
o r s p e c ia liz e d equ ipm ent in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a rts ; re p la c in g b rok en oy d e fe c tiv e p a rts fr o m
stock; grin d in g and adjusting v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and in s ta llin g the v a rio u s a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le
and m aking n e c e s s a r y adju stm en ts; and a lign in g w h e e ls , adju sting b ra k es and lig h ts , o r tigh ten in g body
b o lts. In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the au tom otive m ech a n ic re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally
acq u ired through a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r eq u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

Th is c la s s ific a tio n d oes not in clu d e m e c h a n ic s who r e p a ir c u s to m e r s ' v e h ic le s in au tom obile
r e p a ir shops.

M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a irs m a c h in e ry o r m e c h a n ic a l equ ipm ent o f an esta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o st o f the
fo llo w in g : E xam in in g m a ch in es and m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent to d iagn ose s o u rce o f tro u b le ; d ism an tlin g
o r p a rtly d ism an tlin g m ach in es and p e r fo r m in g re p a ir s that m a in ly in v o lv e the use o f handtools in
scrap in g and fittin g p a rts ; re p la c in g b rok en o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts w ith ite m s obtained fr o m stock ; o rd e rin g
the production o f a re p la c e m e n t p a rt by a m ach in e shop o r sending o f the m ach in e to a m ach in e shop
fo r m a jo r re p a ir s ; p re p a rin g w ritte n s p e c ific a tio n s fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r fo r the produ ction of p a rts
o rd e re d fr o m m ach in e shops; r e a s s e m b lin g m a ch in es; and m aking a ll n e c e s s a r y adjustm ents fo r
operation . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f a m ain ten an ce m ech a n ic re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e
usually acq u ired through a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r eq u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e . E xclu d ed fr o m
th is c la s s ific a tio n a re w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y duties in v o lv e settin g up o r adjusting m ach in es.

M IL L W R IG H T
In sta lls new m a ch in es o r h eavy equ ipm en t, and d is m a n tle s and in s ta lls m a ch in es o r h eavy
equipm ent when changes in the plant layou t a re r e q u ire d .
W ork in v o lv e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g :
Planning and la y in g out o f the w o rk ; in te rp re tin g b lu ep rin ts o r oth er s p e c ific a tio n s ; using a v a r ie t y o f
handtools and r ig g in g ; m aking stan dard shop com pu tation s re la tin g to s t r e s s e s , stren gth o f m a te r ia ls ,
and c e n te rs o f g r a v ity ; align in g and b alan cin g o f equipm ent; s e le c tin g standard to o ls , equ ipm en t, and
p arts to be used; and in s ta llin g and m ain tain in g in good o r d e r p o w e r tra n s m is s io n equipm ent such as
d r iv e s and speed re d u c e rs . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t 's w o rk n o r m a lly re q u ir e s a rounded tra in in g and
e x p e rie n c e in the tr a d e a cq u ired th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r eq u ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .

In s ta lls o r r e p a ir s w a te r , steam , g a s , o r o th e r ty p e s o f pip e and p ip e fittin g s in an e s ta b lis h ­
m en t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : L a y in g out o f w o rk and m e a s u rin g to lo c a te p o s itio n o f
pipe fr o m draw in gs o r oth er w ritte n s p e c ific a tio n s ; cutting v a rio u s s iz e s o f pip e to c o r r e c t lengths
w ith c h is e l and h a m m er o r o x y a cety len e to r c h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a c h in e s ; th rea d in g pipe w ith stocks and
d ie s ; bending pipe by h a n d -d riven o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g pip e w ith co u p lin gs and
fa sten in g pipe to h a n gers; m aking standard shop com p u tation s re la tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f
pipe re q u ir e d ; and m aking standard te s ts to d e te rm in e w h eth er fin is h e d p ip es m e e t s p e c ific a tio n s . In
g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m aintenance p ip e fitte r r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally
a c q u ire d through a fo r m a l ap p ren ticesh ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
W o r k e r s p r im a r ily
en ga ged in in sta llin g and rep a irin g building san itation o r h eatin g s y s te m s a re e x c lu d e d .
S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
F a b r ic a te s , in s ta lls , and m ain tain s in g o o d r e p a ir the s h e e t- m e ta l equ ipm ent and fix tu r e s (such
as m ach in e gu ards, g re a s e pans, s h e lv e s , lo c k e r s , tan ks, v e n t ila t o r s , ch u tes, ducts, m e ta l ro o fin g )
o f an esta b lish m en t. W o rk in v o lv e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g : P lan n in g and la y in g out a ll ty p es o f sh eetm e ta l m aintenance w ork fr o m b lu ep rin ts, m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c ific a tio n s ; settin g up and o p e ra tin g a ll
a v a ila b le typ es of s h e e t-m e ta l w ork in g m a ch in es; using a v a r ie t y o f handtools in cu ttin g, bending,
fo r m in g , shaping, fittin g , and a ssem b lin g; and in s ta llin g s h e e t-m e ta l a r t ic le s as r e q u ire d . In g e n e r a l,
the w o rk o f the m aintenance s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e usu ally
a cq u ired through a fo r m a l ap p ren ticesh ip o r eq u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
T O O L A N D DIE M A K E R
C on stru cts and re p a ir s jig s , fix tu r e s , cutting to o ls , ga u g e s , o r m e ta l d ie s o r m o ld s used in
shaping o r fo rm in g m e ta l o r
n o n -m e ta llic m a t e r ia l (e .g ., p la s tic , p la s te r ,
ru b b e r, g la s s ).
W ork
ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s : Plan n in g and la yin g out w o rk a c c o rd in g to m o d e ls , b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s , o r o th er
w ritte n o r o r a l s p e c ific a tio n s ; understanding the w o rk in g p r o p e r tie s o f com m on m e ta ls and a llo y s ;
s e le c tin g ap p ro p ria te m a te r ia ls , to o ls , and p r o c e s s e s r e q u ir e d to c o m p le te ta sk ; m akin g n e c e s s a r y
shop com putation; setting up and o p era tin g v a r io u s m ach in e to o ls and r e la te d equ ip m en t; using v a rio u s
to o l and die m a k e r's handtools and p re c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; w o rk in g to v e r y c lo s e to le r a n c e s ;
h e a t-tre a tin g m e ta l p a rts and fin ish ed to o ls and d ies to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a litie s ; fittin g and
a ssem b lin g p arts to p r e s c r ib e d to le r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s . In g e n e r a l, to o l
and d ie m a k e r 's w o rk
re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g in m a ch in e-sh o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c tic e u su ally a c q u ire d th rou gh fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c ro s s -in d u s try w age study p u rp o s e s , th is c la s s ific a tio n does not in clu d e to o l and die
m a k ers who (1) a re e m p lo y ed in to o l and die jo b b in g shops o r (2 ) p ro d u ce fo r g in g d ie s (d ie s in k e rs ).

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL M OVEMENT
G UARD AND W A TC H M E N

L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L H A N D L IN G

G u ard. P e r fo r m s routine p o lic e d u ties, e ith e r at fix e d post o r on to u r, m ain tain in g o r d e r ,
using, arm s o r fo r c e w h e re n e c e s s a r y .
In clu d es gu a rd s who a re station ed at gate and check on
id en tity o f e m p lo y e e s and o th er p e rso n s e n te rin g .

A w o r k e r e m p lo y ed in a w a reh o u se, m a n u fa ctu rin g plan t, s to r e , o r o th er e s ta b lis h m e n t w h ose
duties in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : L o a d in g and unloading v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and m e rc h a n d is e
on o r fr o m fre ig h t c a r s , tru c k s , o r oth er tr a n s p o r tin g d e v ic e s ; unpacking, s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g
m a te r ia ls o r m erch an d ise in p ro p e r s to ra g e lo c a tio n ; and tra n s p o rtin g m a te r ia ls o r m e rc h a n d is e by
handtruck, c a r , o r w h e e lb a rro w . L o n g s h o re w o r k e r s , who load and unload ships a r e e x c lu d e d .

W atch m an .
and ille g a l en try.

M akes rounds o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p ro te c tin g p ro p e r ty again st f i r e , th eft,

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R

C lean s and keeps in an o r d e r ly con dition fa c to r y w o rk in g a re a s and w a s h ro o m s , o r p r e m is e s
o f an o ffic e , apartm en t house, o r c o m m e r c ia l o r o th er e s ta b lish m en t. D uties in v o lv e a com b in ation o f
the fo llo w in g : S w eep in g, m opping o r scru b b in g, and p o lish in g flo o r s ; re m o v in g ch ip s, tra s h , and oth er
re fu se; dusting equipm ent, fu rn itu re , o r fix tu r e s ; p o lish in g m e ta l fix tu r e s o r tr im m in g s ; p ro v id in g
su pplies and m in o r m aintenance s e r v ic e s ; and clea n in g la v a t o r ie s , s h o w e rs , and r e s tr o o m s . W o r k e r s
who s p e c ia liz e in w indow w ashing a re exc lu d e d .




ORDER F IL L E R
F i l l s shipping o r tr a n s fe r o rd e r s fo r fin is h e d goods fr o m s to r e d m e rc h a n d is e in a cc o rd a n c e
w ith s p e c ific a tio n s on s a les s lip s , c u s to m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s tru c tio n s .
M a y , in addition to
fillin g o r d e r s and in d icatin g ite m s fille d o r o m itte d , k eep r e c o r d s o f outgoing o r d e r s , re q u is itio n
ad d ition al stock o r re p o rt sh ort su pplies to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r fo r m o th e r r e la te d d u ties.
P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G
P r e p a r e s fin ish ed p rodu cts fo r shipm ent o r s to ra g e by p la c in g th em in shipping c o n ta in e rs ,
the s p e c ific operation s p e r fo r m e d b ein g dependent upon the ty p e , s iz e , and n u m b er o f units to be
p acked, the type o f co n ta in er em p lo y e d , and m eth od o f sh ipm en t. W o rk re q u ir e s the p la cin g of ite m s
in shipping con tain ers and m ay in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : K n o w led ge o f v a r io u s ite m s o f

stock in o r d e r to v e r i f y con ten t; s e le c tio n o f a p p ro p ria te typ e and s iz e o f c o n ta in e r; in s e rtin g
e n c lo s u re s in c o n ta in e r; using e x c e ls io r o r o th er m a te r ia l to p reven t b reak age o r d am age; c lo s in g and
s e a lin g c o n ta in e r; and ap p lyin g la b e ls o r e n te rin g id en tify in g data on con tain er. P a c k e r s who a ls o m ake
w ooden b o x e s o r c r a te s a re exclu d ed .

fo llo w s :

F o r w a g e study p u rp o s e s ,

w o r k e r s a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

R e c e iv in g c le r k
Shipping c le r k
Shipping and re ceivin g * c le r k

T R U C K D R IV E R
D r iv e s a tru c k w ith in a c ity o r in d u s tria l a r e a to tra n s p o rt m a te r ia ls , m e rc h a n d is e , equ ipm en t,
o r w o r k e r s b etw een v a r io u s ty p e s o f e sta b lish m en ts such as: M anufacturing p lan ts, fr e ig h t d ep ots,
w a re h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r b etw een r e t a il esta b lish m en ts and c u s to m e r s '
h ou ses o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M a y a ls o lo a d o r unload tru ck w ith o r without h e lp e r s , m ake m in o r
m e c h a n ic a l r e p a ir s , and k eep tru c k in good w ork in g o r d e r .
S a le s -ro u te and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s
a r e e x clu d ed .




as

T r u c k d r iv e r (com b in a tion o f s iz e s lis t e d s e p a r a te ly )
T r u c k d r iv e r , lig h t (u n der IV 2 to n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , m ed iu m (lV z to and in clu din g 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h ea vy (o v e r 4 to n s , t r a i l e r ty p e )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h eavy (o v e r 4 ton s, o th er than t r a i l e r ty p e )

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e rc h a n d is e fo r sh ip m en t, o r r e c e iv e s and is re sp o n sib le fo r in co m in g shipm ents
o f m e rc h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r ia ls .
Shipping w o rk in v o lv e s : A know ledge o f shipping p r o c e d u re s ,
p r a c t ic e s , r o u te s , a v a ila b le m ean s o f tra n s p o rta tio n , and ra tes; and p rep a rin g r e c o r d s o f the goods
sh ip p ed , m aking up b ills o f la d in g , p ostin g w eigh t and shipping c h a rg e s , and k eep in g a f i l e o f shipping
r e c o r d s . M a y d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p re p a rin g the m erch a n d ise fo r shipm ent. R e c e iv in g w o rk in v o lv e s :
V e r ify in g o r d ir e c tin g o th e rs in v e r ify in g the c o r r e c tn e s s of shipm ents against b ills o f la d in g , in v o ic e s ,
o r o th er r e c o r d s ; ch eck in g fo r s h o rta g e s and r e je c tin g dam aged goods; rou tin g m e rc h a n d is e o r
m a t e r ia ls to p r o p e r d ep a rtm e n ts ; and m a in tain in g n e c e s s a r y re c o r d s and file s .

F o r w a g e study p u rp o s e s , tr u c k d r iv e r s a re c la s s ifie d by s iz e and typ e of equipm ent,
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r should be ra te d on the b a s is o f t r a i l e r c a p a c ity .)

T R U C K E R , PO W ER

goods

O p e ra te s a m an u ally c o n tr o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic - p o w e r e d tru ck o r t r a c t o r to tra n s p o rt
and m a te r ia ls o f a ll kinds about a w a re h o u s e , m an u factu rin g plant, o r oth er estab lish m en t.
F o r w a ge study p u rp o s e s ,

w o rk ers

a re c la s s ifie d b y typ e o f tru ck ,

as fo llo w s :

T r u c k e r , p o w e r (fo r k lift )
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (o th e r than fo r k lif t )
W AREHOUSEM AN
A s d ir e c te d , p e r fo r m s a v a r ie ty o f w a reh o u sin g duties w hich re q u ire an understanding of
the e s ta b lis h m e n ts s to ra g e p la n . W o rk in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : V e r ify in g m a te r ia ls (o r
m e rc h a n d is e ) a gain st r e c e iv in g docu m en ts, noting and re p o rtin g d is c re p a n c ie s and obvious d am ages;
rou tin g m a te r ia ls to p r e s c r ib e d s to ra g e lo c a tio n s ; s to rin g , sta ck in g, o r p a lle tiz in g m a te r ia ls in
a cco rd a n ce w ith p r e s c r ib e d s to ra g e m eth od s; r e a rra n g in g and taking in v e n to ry o f s to re d m a te r ia ls ;
exam in in g s to re d m a te r ia ls and re p o rtin g d e te rio ra tio n and dam age; re m o v in g m a te r ia l fr o m sto ra g e
and p re p a rin g it fo r shipm ent. M a y op e ra te hand o r p o w e r tru ck s in p e r fo r m in g w areh ou sin g duties.
E xclu d e w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y duties in v o lv e shipping and r e c e iv in g w o rk (s e e shipping and
r e c e iv in g c le r k and p a c k e r, sh ip p in g), o r d e r fillin g (s e e o r d e r f i l l e r ) , o r o p era tin g p o w e r tru ck s (see
tr u c k e r , p o w e r ).

Available On Reauest
The fo llo w in g a r e a s a r e s u rv e y e d p e r io d ic a lly fo r use in a d m in is te rin g the S e r v ic e C o n tra ct A c t o f 1965.
any o f the B L S re g io n a l o ffic e s shown on the back c o v e r .

A la s k a
A lb a n y , Ga.
A lb u q u erq u e, N. M ex.
A le x a n d r ia , La.
A lp e n a , Standish, and T a w a s C ity , M ich .
Ann A r b o r , M ich .
A s h e v ille , N .C .
A tla n tic C ity , N.J.
A u gu sta, Ga.—S.C.
B a k e r s fie ld , C a lif.
Baton R ou ge, La.
B a ttle C r e e k , M ich .
B eaum ont—P o r t A rth u r— ra n g e , T e x .
O
B ilo x i—G u lfp ort and P a s c a g o u la , M is s .
B o is e C ity , Idaho
B r e m e r to n , Wash.
B r id g e p o r t, N o rw a lk , and S ta m fo rd , Conn.
B ru n sw ick , Ga.
B u rlin g to n , Vt.—N .Y .
C ape C o d , M a ss.
C e d a r R a p id s, Iow a
C ham paign—Urbana—R antoul, III.
C h a rle s to n , S.C.
C h a rlo tte — a ston ia, N .C .
G
C h eyen n e, W yo.
C la r k s v ille —H o p k in s v ille , Ten n .—K y.
C o lo ra d o S p rin g s, C o lo .
C o lu m b ia , S.C.
C olu m bu s, Ga.—A la .
C olu m bu s, M is s .
C ra n e , Ind.
D eca tu r, 111.
D es M o in e s , Iow a
Dothan, A la .
Duluth—S u p e r io r , fylinn.—W is.
E l P a s o , T e x ., and A la m o g o rd o —L a s C r u c e s , N. M ex.
Eugene—S p rin g fie ld , O re g .
F a y e t t e v ille , N .C .
F itc h b u rg —L e o m in s te r , M a ss.
F o r t Sm ith, A r k .—O kla.
F o r t W ayne, Ind.
F r e d e r ic k — a g e r s to w n , M d .— h a m b e rs b u rg , P a .—
H
C
M a rtin s b u rg , W. V a .
G adsden and A n n isto n , A la .
G o ld s b o ro , N .C .
G rand Islan d—H astin gs, N e b r.
G re a t F a lls , M ont.
Guam , T e r r i t o r y o f
H a rris b u rg —Lebanon, Pa.
Huntington— sh la n d , W. Va.— y .—
A
K
Ohio
K n o x v ille , Tenn.
L a C r o s s e , W is.
La red o, Tex.
L a s V e g a s , N ev.
L a w ton ,. O kla.
L im a , O hio
L it t le R o ck — orth L ittle R o ck , A r k .
N

C o p ies o f public r e le a s e s a r e o r w i l l be a v a ila b le at no c o s t

w h ile

su p p lies la s t

fr o m

Logan sp ort—P e ru , Ind.
L o ra in — ly r ia , Ohio
E
L o w e r E a s te rn S h ore. Md.—Va.—D e i.
L yn ch bu rg, Va.
M acon, Ga.
M adison, W is.
M a n sfield , Ohio
M arqu ette, Escanaba, Sault Ste. M a r ie , M ich .
M c A lle n —P h a ri^ E d in b u rg and B r o w n s v ille —
H arlin gen —
San B en ito, T e x .
M ed fo rd — lam ath F a lls — ran ts P a s s , O r e g .
K
G
M e rid ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , Monm outh, and Ocean C o s ., N .J.
M ob ile and P e n s a c o la , A la .—F la .
M o n tg o m e ry , A la .
N a s h v ille —D avidson , Tenn.
New B ern — a c k s o n v ille , N .C .
J
N ew London—N o rw ich , Conn.—R .I.
N orth D akota, State o f
O rlan do, F la .
Oxnard—Sim i Valley^-Ventura, C a lif.
Panam a C ity , F la .
P a rk e rs b u rg —M a rie tta , W. Va.— hio
O
P e o r ia , 111.
P h oen ix, A r iz .
P in e B lu ff, A r k .
P o c a te llo —
Idaho F a lls , Idaho
P ortsm ou th , N .H .—M aine—M ass.
Pu eb lo, C o lo .
P u erto R ico
Reno, N ev.
Richland— en n ew ick—W a lla W alla—
K
P endleton, W ash.— re g .
O
R iv e r side—San B ern a rd in o— n ta rio , C a lif.
O
Salina, Kans.
Salinas—Seasid e—M o n te re y , C a lif.
Sandusky, Ohio
Santa B a rb a ra —Santa M a ria —L o m p o c , C a lif.
Savannah, Ga.
S elm a, A la .
Sherman—D en ison , T e x .
S h revep o rt, La.
Sioux F a lls , S. Dak.
Spokane, Wash.
S p rin g fie ld , 111.
S p rin g field — h icop ee—H olyok e, M a s s .— onn.
C
C
Stockton, C a lif.
T a co m a , W ash.
Tampa—SL P e te r s b u r g , F la .
Top ek a, Kans.
T u cson , A r iz .
T u ls a , O kla.
V a lle jo — a ir fie ld —Napa, C a lif.
F
W aco and K ille e n —T e m p le , T e x .
W a te rlo o — e d a r F a lls , Iow a
C
W est T e x a s P la in s
W ilm in gton , D el.—N.J.—Md.

An annual r e p o r t on s a la r ie s fo r accou n tan ts, a u d ito rs , c h ie f accou n tan ts, a tto r n e y s , jo b a n a ly s ts , d ir e c to r s o f p e rs o n n e l, b u y e rs , c h e m is ts , e n g in e e r s , e n g in e e r in g te c h n ic ia n s , d r a ft e r s , and
c le r ic a l e m p lo y e e s is a v a ila b le .
O r d e r as B L S B u lle tin 1837, N a tio n a l S u rv e y o f P r o fe s s io n a l, A d m in is tr a tiv e , T e c h n ic a l, and C le r ic a l P a y , M a rc h 1974, $1.40 a c o p y , fr o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l s a le s
o ffic e s shown on the back c o v e r , o r fro m the Superintendent o f D ocu m en ts, U.S. G o v e rn m e n t P r in tin g O ffic e , W ashington, D.C . 20402.




Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t o f the la te s t a v a ila b le b u lletin s o r bulletin su pplem ents is p resen ted b elow .
A d ir e c t o r y o f a r e a w a ge studies Including m o r e lim ite d stu d ies conducted at the re q u e s t o f the E m ploym en t
Standards A d m in is tr a tio n o f the D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on req u est.
B u lletin s m ay be pu rchased fr o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l o ffic e s shown on the back c o v e r .
B u lle tin supplem ents m ay be
ob tain ed w ithou t co s t, w h e r e in d ica ted , fr o m B L S re g io n a l o ffic e s .

A rea

B u lletin num ber
and p r ic e *

A k ro n , O h io, D ec. 1974 _______________________ ___________________________________________ Suppl.
Alban y—Sch en ectady—T r o y , N .Y ., Sept. 1975 1__________________________________________ 1850-63,
A lb u q u erq u e, N . M e x ., M a r . 1974 2 ______________________________________________________ Suppl.
A llen to w n —B eth leh em —E a ston , P a .—N .J ., M a y 1974 2 ___________________________________ Suppl.
A n ah eim —
Santa A n a -G a rd e n G r o v e , C a lif., O ct. 1975 1 ________________________________ 1850-75,
A tla n ta , G a ., M a y 1975 1 _____________________________________ ____________________________ 1850-25,
_
A u stin , T e x ., D e c .
1974 _______ _____________________________________________________ _ Suppl.
B a ltim o r e , M d ., A u g. 1975* ______________________________________________________________ 1850-62,
B e a u m o n t-P o r t A rth u r—O ra n g e , T e x ., M a y 1974 2 __________________________ ____ _____ Suppl.
B illin g s , M o n t., J u ly 1975__________________________________________________________ _______ 1850-46,
B in gh am ton , N . Y . - P a . , Ju ly 1975____________________________________ ____________________ 1850-50,
B irm in g h a m , A la ., M a r . 1975____________________________________ _______________________ Suppl.
B oston , M a s s ., A u g. 1975 1________________________________________________________________ 1850-58,
B u ffa lo , N .Y ., O ct. 19751___________________________________________________________________ 1850-69,
Canton, O h io, M a y 197 5 _______ ____________________________________________________________ Suppl.
C h a rle s to n , W . V a . , M a r . 1974 2 _________________________________________________________ Suppl.
C h a rlo tte , N .C ., Jan. 1974 2 ________________ ______________________________________________ Suppl.
C h attan ooga, T e n n .-G a ., Sept. 1 9 7 5 *________________________________________________ ____ 1850-67,
C h ic a g o , 111., M a y 1975_____________________________________________________________________ 1850-33,
C in cin n a ti, O h io -K y .—Ind., F e b . 1975 ___________________________________________________ Suppl.
C le v e la n d , O h io, Sept. 1975______________________________________ __________________ _______ 1850-64,
C olu m bu s, O h io, O c t. 1974 __________________________ ____________________ ________________ Suppl.
C orp u s C h r is t i, T e x ., J u ly 1975_____________ ____________ ______________________________ 1850-37,
D a lla s—F o r t W o rth , T e x ., O c t. 1975 1
______________ ______________________________________ 1850-59,
D a v e n p o r t-R o c k Island—M o lin e , I o w a - I ll., F e b . 1975 __________________________________ Suppl.
D ayton , O h io, D e c . 1975_________________________________ _________________________________ 1850-73,
_
D ayton a B ea ch , F la ., A u g. 1975____________________ __________ ________________________ _ 1850-47,
D e n v e r—B o u ld e r, C o lo ., D e c . 1974 1 _________ ____________ ___ ___________________________ 1850- 15,
D es M o in e s , Iow a, M a y 1974 2 _____ ______________________________________________________ Suppl.
D e tr o it, M ic h ., M a r . 1975_________________________________________________________________ 1850-22,
F o r t L a u d e rd a le — o lly w o o d and W e s t P a lm B each —
H
B o c a R a to n , F la . , A p r . 1975 1___________________________________________________________ 1850-26,
F r e s n o , C a lif., June 1975 1_______________________ ____________ ____________________________ 1850-61,
G a in e s v ille , F la ., Sept. 1975_________________________ ______ _______________________________ 1850-57,
G re e n B a y, W i s ., J u ly 1975 1__________________________________________________________ ___ 1850-44,
G re e n s b o r o — ins ton- S alem —H igh P o in t, N .C ., Aug. 1975__________________________ ___ 1850-49,
W
G r e e n v ille , S .C ., June 1975_____________________________ _________________ _______________ 1850-42,
H a r tfo r d , C onn ., M a r . 19751 _____________ ________________________________________________ 1850-28,
H ouston, T e x ., A p r . 1975________________________ ___ __________________ __________________ Suppl.
H u n ts v ille , A la ., F e b . 19.7 5 ________________________________ ___ ___________________________ Suppl.
In d ia n a p o lis, Ind., O ct. 1975 1______________________________ ____ ________________________ 1850-66,
J ack son , M is s ., F e b . 1975_________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., D e c . 1974 _____________________________________ _______________________ Suppl.
K a n sa s C ity , M o —K a n s ., Sept. 1975_______
___________________________________________ 1850-55,
L a w r e n e e - H a v e r h ill, M a s s ,—N .H ., June 1974 2 ______________________ ____________ ______Suppl.
L e x in g to n - F a y e tte , K y ., N o v . 1974 . . ____________________________________________________ Suppl.
L o s A n g e le s —L on g B each , C a lif., O c t. 1974 _________________ _____ ___________________ Suppl.
L o u is v ille , K y .—Ind., N o v . 1974 1 _________________________________ ________________________ 1850- 12,
Lu bbock, T e x ., M a r . 1974 2 _____________________________ __________________________________ Suppl.
M e lb o u r n e - T it u s v ille —C o c o a , F la ., A u g. 1975________ ________________ ________________ 1850-54,
M e m p h is , Ten n .—A r k .—M is s ., N o v . 1974
_____________________________ ______________ _ Suppl.
M ia m i, F la ., O ct. 1975 1
__________ ____ ___________________________________________________ 1850-76,
*
1
2
3

Prices are determined by the Government Printing O ffice and are subject to change.
Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
No longer surveyed.
T o be surveyed.




F ree
$1.20
F ree
F ree
85 cents
$1.00
F ree
$1.30
F ree
65 cents
65 cents
F ree
$1.50
95 cents
F ree
F ree
F ree
85 cents
85 cents
F ree
$1.30
F ree
65 cents
$1.50
F ree
45 cents
65 cents
85 cents
F ree
85 cents
80 cents
$1.20
$1.10
80 cents
65 cents
65 cents
80 cents
F ree
F ree
95 cents
F ree
F ree
80 cents
F ree
F ree
F ree
80 cents
F ree
65 cents
F ree
95 cents

A rea

B u lletin number
and p ric e *

M idland and O d essa , T e x ., Jan. 19742 ____________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
M ilw a u k ee, W is ., A p r . 19751________________________________________________________________ 1850-21, 85 cents
M in n ea p olis—St. P a u l, M in n —W is ., Jan 1975 1 ____________________________________________ 1850-20, $1.05
M uskegon—M uskegon H eigh ts, M ic h ., June 1974 2 _______________________ _________________ Suppl.
F ree
N assau—Suffolk, N .Y ., June 1975*.............................................................................................. 1850-39, $1.00
N e w a rk , N .J ., Jan. 19751........................................................................................ ..................... 1850- 18, $1.00
N e w a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N .J .. Jan. 1974 2 _____________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
N ew H aven, Conn., Jan. 1974 2 ______________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
F ree
N ew O rle a n s , L a ., Jan. 1975 ______________________________________ ______ __________________ Suppl.
N ew Y o r k , N .Y .- N .J ., M a y 1975 1
______________________ _____________________ _______________ 1850-45, $1.10
F ree
N ew Y o r k and N assau —Suffolk, N .Y ., A p r . 1974 2 _________________________________________ Suppl.
N o rfo lk —V ir g in ia Beach—P o rtsm o u th , V a .- N .C ., M a y 1975 _________ ___________________ 1850-29, 65 cents
N o rfo lk —V ir g in ia Beach—P o rtsm o u th and N e w p o rt N ew s—
Ham pton, V a .- N .C ., M a y 1975_____________________________________________________________ 1850-30, 65 cents
N o rth e a s t P e n n s y lv a n ia , A ug. 1975_________________________________________________________ 1850-52, 65 cents
O klah om a C ity , O k la ., A ug. 1975_______________________________________ -__________________ 1850-51, 65 cents
Om aha, N e b r .—Iow a, O ct. 1975___ ________________________ ____ _____________________________ 1850-56, $1.10
P a te r son— lifto n — a s s aic, N .J ., June 1975 1_____________________________________________ 1850-38, 80 cents
C
P
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a ^ N . J . , N o v. 1975__________________________________________________________ 1850-65, 85 cents
P h o en ix , A r i z . , June 1974 2 ________________________________________________________________
Suppl.
F ree
P itts b u rg h , P a ., Jan. 1975 _________________________________________ _________________________ Suppl.
F ree
P o rtla n d , M ain e, N o v. 1975______________________________ __________________________________ 1850-72, 45 cents
P o rtla n d , O re g .—W ash ., May| 1975__________________________________________________________ 1850-40, 75 cents
P ou g h k e e p s ie , N .Y ., June 1975 1__________________________ - —____________________________ 1850-70, 65 cents
P o u g h k eep sie— in gsto n -N ew b u rgh , N .Y ., June 1975 1__________________________________ 1850-68, 75 cents
K
P r o v id e n c e — a rw ick —P aw tu ck et, R .I.—M a s s ., June 1975 ______________________________ 1850-27, 75 cents
W
R a le ig h —D urham , N .C ., F e b . 1975 _________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
R ich m on d, V a ., June 1975___________________________________________________________________ 1850-41, 65 cents
R o c k fo rd , 111., June 1974 2 __________ __________________________________ •
_____________________ Suppl.
F ree
St. L o u is , M o.—111., M a r . 1975 ______________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
S a cra m en to , C a lif., D e c . 19741 ................................................................................................ 1850- 19, 80 cents
Saginaw , M ic h ., N o v . 1975__________________________________________________________________ 1850-71, 35 cents
S alt L a k e C ity—O gden, U tah, N o v . 1975 1 __________________________________________________ 1850-74, 75 cents
San A n ton io, T e x ., M a y 1975 ____________________________________________________________ ___ 1850-23, 65 cents
San D ie g o , C a lif., N o v . 1975_________________________________________ ______________________ 1850-77, 45 cents
San F r a n c is c o — akland, C a l i f . , ’ M a r . 1975 1_____________________ ______ ________________ 1850-35, $1.00
O
San J o s e , C a lif., M a r. 1975 1________________________________________________ ______________ 1850-36, 85 cents
Savannah, G a ., M a y 1974 2 __ _________________ „_____________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
S ea ttle—E v e r e tt, W ash ., Jan. 1975 _____________________________ ____________________________ Suppl.
F ree
F ree
South Bend, Ind., M a r . 1975 _______________ ____ _____________________________________________ Suppl.
Spokane, W ash ., June 1974 2 ____________ ___________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
S yra c u s e , N .Y ., Ju ly 1975_______ __________________________________________________________ 1850-43, 65 cents
T o le d o , O h io -M ic h ., M a y 1 9 7 5 *____________________________________________________________ 1850-34, 80 cents
T ren to n , N .J ., Sept. 1975 1__________________________________________ __ _____________________ 1850-60, $1.20
U tic a -R o m e , N .Y ., July 1975 1 _________________________________ ____ _______________________ 1850-48, 80 cents
W ashington, D .C r-M d .—V a ., M a r . 1975 1________________________________ ___________________ 1850-31, $1.00
W a te rb u ry , Conn., M a r . 1974 2 ___________________________________________ _ _______________ Suppl.
_
F ree
W e s tc h e s te r County, N .Y ., M a y 1975 1 ___________________ ______________________________ 1850-53, 80 cents
W ic h ita , K a n s ., A p r . 1975__ _______________ ______ __ _____________ ___________________________ Suppl.
F ree
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., M a y 1975 1 _____ ___ __ __________________________________________________ 1850-24, 80 cents
Y o r k , P a ., F e b . 19751 _______________________________________________________________ _______ 1850-32, 80 cents
Y ou ngstow n— a rre n , O h io, N o v . 1973 2 ___ __________ _ _____ _____________________________ Suppl.
W
F ree

THIRD CLASS MAIL
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20212

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

OFFICIAL BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE $300

LAB - 441

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S
Region I

Region II

1603 J F K Federal B uilding
G o vernm ent C enter
Boston, Mass. 0 2203
P h o n e :2 23-6 76 1 (A re a Code 6 1 7)

S u ite 34 0 0
1 51 5 B roadw ay
N e w Y o rk , N .Y . 1 0 0 3 6
P h o n e :9 7 1 -5 4 0 5 (A re a Code 2 1 2 )

C o nnecticut
M aine
Massachusetts
N e w H am pshire
Rh ode Island
V e rm o n t

N e w Jersey
N e w Y o rk
Pu erto Rico
V irg in Islands

Region V
9 th F lo o r, 2 30 S. D e arb o rn St.
Chicago, 111. 606 04
P h o n e :3 5 3 -1 8 8 0 (A re a C ode 3 1 2 )
Illino is
In diana
M ichigan
M innesota
O for
Digitizedhio FRASER
Wisconsin



r~ ^ ~ \

Region V I

Region IV

Region I I I
P.O. Box 13 309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 5 9 6 1 1 5 4 (A rea C ode 2 1 5 )
D elaw are
D istrict o f C o lu m b ia
M aryla n d
Pennsylvania
V irg in ia
West V irg in ia

Regions V I I ano V I I I

Second F lo o r
5 5 5 G r iffin Square B uilding
Dallas, T e x . 752 0 2
Phone: 74 9 -3 5 1 6 (A re a Code 2 1 4 )

Federal O ffic e Building
911 W aln u t S t , 15 th F lo o r
Kansas C ity , M o. 6 4 1 0 6
P h o n e :3 7 4 -2 4 8 1 (A re a C ode 8 1 6 )

Louisiana
Jew M exico
O klah o m a
Texas

V II
Io w a
Kansas
M issouri
Nebraska

V III
C o lorad o
M o n tan a
N o rth D a ko ta
South D a ko ta
U tah
W yom ing

S u ite 540
1371 Peachtree St. N .E.
A tla n ta , Ga. 3 03 09
P h o n e :5 26 -5 4 1 8 (A rea Code 4 0 4 )
A labam a
F lo rid a
Georgia
K e n tu cky
Mississippi
N o rth Carolina
S o uth Carolina
Tennessee
Regions IX and X
4 5 0 G olden G ate Ave.
Box 360 1 7
San Francisco, C a lif. 9 4 1 0 2
P h o n e :5 5 6 -4 6 7 8 (A rea Code 41 5)
IX
A rizo n a
C alifo rn ia
H aw aii
Nevada

X
Alaska
Idaho
Oregon
W ashington

U.S. M AIL


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102