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L 2.3-'

A 6 tA % A G E SURVEY
Portland, M aine, Metropolitan Area
November 1975
Bulletin 1850-72


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APR 1 9 76
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DOCUMENT COLLECTION

APR 2 71976
Dayton & Montgomery Co.
Public Library

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
_
Bureau of Labor Statistics




Preface
This bulletin provides results of a November 1975 survey of occupational earnings
in the Portland, Maine, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area (the cities of Portland, South
Portland, and Westbrook, and the towns of Cape Elizabeth, Cumberland, Falmouth, Freeport,
Gorham, Scarborough, Windham, and Yarmouth in Cumberland County; and Saco city and
Old Orchard Beach town in York County). The survey was made as part of the Bureau of
Labor Statistics' annual area wage survey program. The program is designed to yield data
for individual metropolitan areas, as well as national and regional estimates for all Standard
Metropolitan Statistical Areas in the United States, excluding Alaska and Hawaii.
A major consideration in the area wage survey program is the need to describe the
level and movement of wages in a variety of labor markets, through the analysis of (1) the
level and distribution of wages by occupation, and (2) the movement of wages by occupational
category and skill level. The program develops information that may be used for many
purposes, including wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and assistance
in determining plant location. Survey results also are used by the U.S. Department of
Labor to make wage determinations under the Service Contract Act of 1965.
Currently, 83 areas are included in the program. (See list of areas on inside back
cover.) In each area, occupational earnings data are collected annually. Information on
establishment practices and supplementary wage benefits is obtained every third year.
Each year after all individual area wage surveys have been completed, two summary
bulletins are issued. The first brings together data for each metropolitan area surveyed. The
second summary bulletin presents national and regional estimates, projected from individual
metropolitan area data.
The Portland survey was conducted by the Bureau's regional office in Boston,
Mass., under the general direction of Paul V. Mulkern, Assistant Regional Commissioner for
Operations. The survey could not have been accomplished without the cooperation of the many
firms whose wage and salary data provided the basis for the statistical information in this
bulletin. The Bureau wishes to express sincere appreciation for the cooperation received.

Note:
A current report of occupational earnings for the Portland area is available for the
laundry and dry cleaning industry. Also available are listings of union wage rates for seven
selected building trades. Free copies of these are available from the Bureau's regional
offices. (See back cover for addresses.)

AREA WAGE SURVEY

Bulletin 18 5 0 -7 2
March 1976

v

U.S. D E P A R T M E N T OF LABO R, W. J. Usery, Jr., Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS, Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

Portland, Maine, Metropolitan Area, November 1975
CONTENTS

Page
2

Introduction
Tables:

Appendix A. Scope and method of survey________________________________________________ __________________________________________
Appendix B, Occupational descriptions___________________________________________________________________________________ -_______




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on in no t>- oo O'

A. Earnings:
A - l . Weekly earnings of office workers_____________________________________________________________________________
A -2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical w orkers_______________________________________________________
A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex____________________________
A -4. Hourly earnings of maintenance and powerplant w orkers_____________________________________________________
A-5. Hourly earnings of custodial and material movement w orkers________________________________________________
A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant, custodial, and material movement workers, by sex
A - l . Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts™

10
1
1
13

Introduction
This area is 1 of 83 in which the U.S. Department of Labor's
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings and
related benefits on an areawide basis. In this area, data were ob­
tained by a combination of personal visit, mail questionnaire, and
telephone interview. Representative establishments within six broad
industry divisions were contacted: Manufacturing; transportation, com­
munication, and other other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail
trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major industry
groups excluded from these studies are government operations and
the construction and extractive industries. Establishments having fewer
than a prescribed number of workers are omitted because of insufficient
employment in the occupations studied. Separate tabulations are provided
for each of the broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

Following the occupational wage tables is table A - 7 which
provides percent changes in average earnings of office clerical work­
ers, electronic data processing workers, industrial nurses, skilled
maintenance workers, and unskilled plaint workers. This measure of
wage trends eliminates changes in average earnings caused by employ­
ment shifts among establishments as well as turnover of establishments
included in survey samples. Where possible, data are presented for all
industries, manufacturing, and nonmanufacturing. Appendix A discusses
this wage trend measure.

A-series tables

Appendixes

Tables A - 1 through A-6 provide estimates of straight-time
hourly or weekly earnings for workers in occupations common to a
variety of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupations
were selected from the following categories: (a) Office clerical, (b) pro­
fessional and technical, (c) maintenance and powe r pi ant, and (d) custodial

This bulletin has two appendixes. Appendix A describes the
methods and concepts used in the area wage survey program and
provides information on the scope of the survey. Appendix B provides
job descriptions used by Bureau field economists to classify workers in
occupations for which straight-time earnings information is presented.




and material movement. In the 31 largest survey areas, tables A - la
through A-6a provide similar data for establishments employing 500
workers or more.

A. Earnings
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Portland, Maine, November 1975
Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
Number
O ccu pation and in d u s try d iv is io n
worken

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

$

S

Median *

Middle ranged

$

S

S

$

S

S

S

S

$

$

$

$

S

$

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

150

160

170

180

_9£___ 95

100

105

no

115

120

125

130

135

140

150

160

170

180

190

2
2

12
12

6
6

“

d
“

1
1

1
1

1
1

5
5

8
8

85

80

Mean *

S

S
$
"5
%
200
190
210
220

and
under

and

85

209

210

220 o v e r

ALL WORKERS
B IL L E R S . MACHINE (B IL L IN G
MACHINE) ---------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

27
23

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

$
107.50
103.00

$
9 5 .5 0
9 5 .5 0

$
$
9 5 .0 0 - 1 0 2 .5 0
9 5 .0 0 - 1 0 2 .5 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
CLASS B -----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING — - — - — — ---------

25
25

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

116 .0 0
116.00

1 1 2.50
1 1 2.50

1 0 9 .0 0 -1 2 0 .5 0
1 0 9 .0 0 -1 2 0 .5 0

CLERKS. ACCOUNTING. CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING----------— -------- —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------

190
33
157
67

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

167 .5 0
163.50
168.50
195.50

1 7 0 .5 0
164 .0 0
172 .5 0
198 .5 0

1 3 9 .5 0 -1 9 8 .5 0
1 5 o .0 0 -1 7 7 .0 0
1 3 9 .0 0 -1 9 8 .5 0
1 7 ? .5 0 -1 9 8 .5 0

-

_
-

1
1

.
-

-

6
1
5

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -----------NONMANUFACTURING------------ -------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------

343
282
94

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

1 3 8.00
1 3 7.50
1 8 9.50

128.00
124 .0 0
190 .5 0

1 0 4 .0 0 -1 5 5 .0 0
1 0 1 .0 0 -1 5 7 .5 0
1 5 8 .5 0 -2 2 8 .0 0

3
3
-

9
9
-

32
30
-

16
14
*

28
25
-

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS C -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING — - — ---------- ------

48
48

3 7 .0
3 7 .0

9 2 .5 0
9 2 .5 0

8 9 .0 0
8 9 .0 0

8 5 .5 0 - 9 2 .5 0
8 s . 5 0 - 9 2 .5 0

12
12

17
17

11
11

1
1

CLERKS, ORDER --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

139
126

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

131 .5 0
130.00

1 2 8.00
128.00

1 1 5 .0 0 -1 4 7 .5 0
1 1 2 .5 0 -1 4 7 .5 0

.

-

-

-

1
-

CLERKS, PAYROLL ----------------------------------M ANUFACTURING----- — — ----- — — —
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

67
31
36

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

137.50
122.50
150 .0 0

122.00
114.00
131.00

1 0 6 .0 0 -1 6 1 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0 -1 3 0 .0 0
1 0 9 .5 0 -1 7 5 .0 0

2
2
-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -----------M ANUFACTURING----- — — — ------- --------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------

107
19
88
17

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5

135 .5 0
142 .0 0
134 .0 0
2 0 3 .5 0

133.50
140.00
1 2 8.00
2 2 4 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -----------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

66
55

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

118.50
1 2 0.00

MESSENGERS -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

24
22

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

SECRETARIES -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------

275
59
216
30

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------SECRETARIES. CLASS C ---------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 ---------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------- ---------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------- *
2

*
W ork ers
**
W ork ers
* * * W o rk ers
t
W ork ers
T
W ork ers

w ere
w ere
w ere
w ere
w ere

d is trib u te d
d is trib u te d
d is trib u te d
a t $ 2 2 0 to
d is trib u te d

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .




-

1
1

•

*

-

-

-

*

*

“

-

*

15
3
12

15
9
6
2

42
9
33
22

3
2
1
-

33
33
33

-

6
1
5

13
1
12
*9

31
12
5

43
29
16

10
6
6

3
1
1

9
9
9

29
29
29

*

•
“

25
25
**2 5

32
32

3
2

9
4

.

5
3

-

-

.

*

“

~

3
3

*

1
1

3
2
1

3
1
2

5
5

3
2
1

1
1
*

1
1

-

6
1
5

16
4
12

11
5
6

4
1
3
2

6
4
2
-

_

5
5
5

-

-

-

.
-

6
5

5
5

3
3

_

-

_

-

“

*

*

*

4
4

3
3

7
7

4
1
3

6
1
5

10
1
9

11
2
9

15
2
13
1

17
17
-

22
22
3

15
10
“

16
13
*

14
13
*

13
10
-

8
5
*

-

3
3

-

-

*

3
3

20
19

-

5
5

5
5

24
24

6
5

11
10

6
5

2
2
-

11
6
5

5
1
4

10
7
3

2
1
1

5
1
4

2
2
*

6
3
3

14
2
12

4
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 0 7 .0 0 -1 4 6 .0 0
13-i. 5 0 -1 5 3 .5 0
1 0 4 .0 0 -1 4 4 .0 0
1 8 3 .0 0 -2 2 4 .5 0

6

-

12

.

9

_

4

-

6

-

12

-

9

•

4

-

1 1 8.00
119.50

l i p . 0 0 -1 2 5 .5 0
l i p . 0 0 -1 2 8 .0 0

-

-

-

-

2
2

4
2

4
4

4
3

9
6

15
11

4
4

10
10

121.50
1 2 2.00

113 .5 0
111 .5 0

9 4 .0 0 - 1 2 0 .0 0
9 ? .5 0 - 1 1 6 .5 0

2
2

5
5

1
1

2
2

-

4
4

3
3

3
1

_

*

*

-

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .5

1 5 1.50
164.00
148.00
176.00

149.50
1 6 5.00
1 4 2.00
1 7 6 .0 0

I 2 p . 0 0 -1 6 9 .5 0
1 5 0 .0 0 -1 7 2 .5 0
1 2 5 .0 0 -1 6 3 .5 0
1 3 6 .0 0 -2 0 9 .0 0

2

4

12

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
-

16

-

2
*

3
•
3
-

16

-

12
4

18
2
16
*

21
21
2

19
2
17
2

16
3
13
-

34
7
27
1

66
60

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

166.00
165.50

1 6 4.00
1 6 3.00

1 4 6 .5 0 -1 8 0 .0 0
1 4 5 .5 0 -1 7 9 .5 0

-

-

_

-

-

•

-

“

*

-

-

1
1

3
3

2
2

„

-

4
4

112
26
86

3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

147 .5 0
169.50
141.00

147 .5 0
172 .5 0
1 3 8 .5 0

I 3 o . 0 0 - 1 6 3 . 00
1 5 4 .0 0 -1 8 3 .5 0
1 2 8 .0 0 -1 5 7 .5 0

-

-

_
-

7
7

2
2

7
2
5

13
13

12
12

4

-

1
1

86
26
60

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

138 .5 0
156.00
131.00

1 3 2 .0 0
163 .5 0
123 .0 0

1 1 6 .5 0 -1 5 8 .5 0
1 4 7 .5 0 -1 6 5 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0 -1 3 4 .3 0

2

4

2

9

9

8

6

2

4

2

9

9

8

6

7
2
5

as fo llo w s :
as fo llo w s :
as fo llo w s :
$2 3 0 .
as fo llo w s :

_

-

_

*
- -

-

_
-

-

*

2
at $240 to $250; and 7 at $250 to $260.
2 at $220 to $230; 14 at $230 to $2 4 0 ; and 9 a t $240 to $250.
3 at $240 to $250; 1 at $250 to $2 6 0 ; and 1 at $260
to $ 2 70.
2

at $230

to $240; 1 at $240 to $2 5 0 ; and 1 at $250

-

-

1
1

9
9

-

6
6

to $ 2 60.

-

2

*

-

*

*
-

-

-

-

i
i

5
***5
10
110
10

.

.

1
1

*

-

*

22
6
16
1

40
15
25
1

30
15
15
8

10
4
6
1

9
2
7
-

10
3
7
3

3
3
3

6
6
*4

12
12

5
3

10
9

12
11

5
5

5
3

3
3

3
3

i
i

17
3
14

13
2
11

18
3
15

9
9
-

5
4
1

1
1

3
3
*

.
-

_
-

4

-

-

8
3
5

5
4
1

4
2
2

10
10
*

7
5
2

-

-

*

_
-

t3
3

3
-

-

3

2
2

Weekly earnings
(standard)
Number
of
workeR

Average
weekly
hOUR*
(standard]

1

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g
$

$

S

$

85

90

85

Occupation and in d u stry d iv is io n

90

95

“

3
3

“

80
M,“ 1

Median 2

Middle range2

95

$

S
100

t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—
S

S

S

S

$

S

S

s

$

%
1 ---210
220

105

no

115

120

125

130

135

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

110

115

120

125

130

135

140 . 150

160

.170

180

190

200

210

220

over

1

4
2

9
7

5
5

4
4

7
7

4
3

16
16

3
3

*

*

1
1

”

*

3
3

•

-

-

and
u nder

and
_L20___JJLL

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED

$
75
66

.r-.

$

$

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

1 3 3 .0 0
1 3 4 .5 0

1 3 2 .5 0
1 3 3 .0 0

1 1 5 .0 0 -1 6 0 .0 0
1 U . 0 0 -1 6 0 .0 0

4 0 .0

STENOGRAPHERS! GENERAL ---------------------NONMANUEACTURING ---------------------------

$

1 5 7 .5 0

H O 00
1 4 0 .0 0

6
6

4
3

4
2

4
4

1

1

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

31
24

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

1 2 3 .5 0
1 2 1 .5 0

1 0 6 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0

9 5 .5 0 - 1 3 8 .5 0
9 f.5 0 -1 2 1 .5 0

-

-

“

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

66
17
49

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 1 0 .0 0
121 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0

1 0 3 .5 0
1 1 6 .0 0
9 8 .0 0

9 5 .0 0 - 1 1 8 .0 0

100. 0 0 -1 4 3 .0 0

_
-

-

9 2 .0 0 - 1 1 8 .0 0

-

8

3 7 .5

1 2 1 .5 0

1 1 8 .5 0

1 0 9 .0 0 -1 2 6 .0 0

3 7 .0
3 7 .0

1 0 2 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0

9 3 .5 0
9 3 .5 0

8 8 .0 0 - 1 0 9 .0 0
8 8 .0 0 - 1 0 9 ,0 0

*

7
6

3
1

1
1

7
7

2
2

8

5

16
2
14

6
3
3

1

7
3
4

5

1

-

1

1
1

2
2

7

3

2

-

1
1

5

3

*

*

1

.

-

-

*

*

*

2
1
1

1

5
3

1
*

3
“

1
1

_

-

*

•

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

”

•

*

*

-

.

-

10
10

-

1

2

3
1
2

2

-

-

-

“

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
"Z

''bi

8
T Y P IS T S . CLASS B --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

*

W o rk e rs w e r e at $220 to $230.

See footn otes at end o f ta b le s .




196
196

9
9

69
69

2

*
31
31

14
14

15
15

11
11

2
7
7

17
17

7
7

1
4
4

_

2

-

_

Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

O ccupation and in d u s try d iv is io n

Number
of
workeis

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly ea rn in gs o f—
$

$
105

Mean *

Median *

Middle ranged

no

$

S
115

120

s
125

i

$
130

135

[$

$
140

145

s
150

s
160

S

s
170

180

s
190

%

$
200

210

230

S

i

$

5
220

240

250

and
under

no

ALL

!

260

and
115

130

135

130

135

140

145

IS O

160

I/ O

IS O - - I 9 f l _ . . 2 0 0

-2 1 0

220

230

340

250

260

over

W ORKERS
$

$

$

2

1
31

22

1 4 1 .0 0 - 1 7 2 .0 0

1 6 3 .0 0

I 2 f l . 5 0 -1 5 0 .0 0

, j j ' AA

1

"

1

.

c o m p u t e r

p r o g r a m m e r s

CO M PU TER

PROGRAM M ERS*

15

d

u

j

j

3

tj

34

2 6 3 .0 0 - 2 9 5 .5 0

i- .- C .0 0

*1 1

< _ 3 0 .-0

1

C O M P U T E R .P R O G R A M M E R S .
1 6 3 .0 0 - 1 8 4 .0 0

2 0 ? .5 0 -2 4 7 .0 0

2 2 6 .0 0

192

1 9 6 .5 0

*

W o r k e r s w e r e d is trib u te d as fo llo w s :

S ee fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .




1
1

0(
20 3 •0 0

1 9 0 .0 0 - 2 0 5 .0 0

3

1

1

“
1

2 at $ 260 to $ 270; 2 at $ 270 to $ 280; 2 at $ 280 to $ 290; 2 at $ 290 to $ 300; 1 at $ 300 to $ 310; 1 at $ 310 to $ 320; and 1 at $ 330 to $ 340.

*

A v e ra ge
(m e a n 2 )

A vera ge
(m e a n 2 )

Sex, occu p ation , and in d u stry d iv is io n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

-

of
w o ik e n

W e e k ly
hour* *
(s tan d ard )

W e e k ly
earn I n f s 1

Sex, occu pation , and in d u stry d iv is io n

of
w o ik e n

(standard)

W ee k ly
hour* 1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and in d u stry d iv is io n

W e e k ly
earnings *
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN-—CONTINUED

MEN
$
25

A vera ge
(m e a n 2 )
N u m ber

N u m ber

N u m ber

of
w orkers

W e e k ly
hours 1
(stan d ard )

W e e k ly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

i n n *J ?n

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

107

41 «0

$
26

CLERKS* ORDER

3 9 .0

26

1 5 0 .0 0
1Y r l i t b f

1 2 7 .0 0

L L A jj

21

M

1 2 8 .0 0
55

3 8 .5

196

1 2 0 .0 0

n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

WOMEN

m a n u f a c t u r in g

-----------------------------------------------

59

39 ! 5

3 7 .0

1 0 2 .0 0

196

3 7 .0

1 0 2 .0 0

26

3 8 .5

1 7 1 .5 0

1 6 4 .0 0
1 7 1 *0 0

B ILLE R S , MACHINE

----------------------------------------

(B IL L IN G

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

1 0 7 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0

j

T

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

167
169

1 1 6 .0 0
25

50'
15

a

. .

rs

1 4 7 .5 0

17

1 4 1 .0 0

1 1 6 .0 0

2 2 8 .5 0

25
132

3 8 .5

AO
Dn

1 6 2 .5 0 ;

70
»

1 3 1 .0 0

59

* ?
•

li.9 .

j

3 8 .0

66
i
Jn

75

3 7 .0
3 7 .0

109

u i-\ m

i

3 8 .5

64

r>' ~ ' ■'0

1 -> 7 .

bW1 1 L M B O A N U

U r tK A IU K S f

L L flj

j

D

—

50

4 0 .0
3 8 .0

1 3 4 .0 0

0

2 1 5 .0 0

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

_____ w _ :

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

66

3 9 .0

1 1 0 .0 0

1 2 3 .0 0

31

29

j

22

1 2 6 .5 0

30

49

See fo o tn o te s at end of ta b les.




2 1 3 .0 0

0

9 2 .5 0

1^0

15

3 0 .0

1 3 3 .0 0

19
48

1 9 6 .5 0

16

-------------------- --------

310

r, .

0

21

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL

E a rn in g s data in ta b le A -3 r e la te on ly to w o rk e rs whose sex
id e n tific a tio n w as p ro v id e d by the esta b lish m en t.
E arnings data in
ta b les A - l and A - 2 , on the o th e r hand, r e la te to a ll w o rk e rs in an
occu pation.
(S ee appendix A f o r p u b lica tio n c r it e r ia .)

Hourly earnings

Occupation and in d u stry d iv is io n

S
3 .5 0

Number
of
Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

s

$

S

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

3 .9 0

3 .8 0

3 .9 0

4 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

S
3.60

Unde and
S
under
3 .5 0
3 ,6 0 3 . T O

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs o f—
i
1 -------- 1 ------- S
$
1 ------t
$
$
$
4 .0 0 4 .1 0 4 .2 0 4 .3 0 4 .4 0 A . 60 4 .8 0 5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5 .4 0 5 6 0

s

5
6 .6 0

S
6 .0 0

S

5 .8 0

6 .2 0

i —
6 .4 0

6 .0 0

6 ,2 0

6 .4 0

6 .6 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

16
16
ro

10
10
10

24
24
24

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

*

----6 . do
and

4 .1 0

4 .2 0

4 .3 0

4 .4 0

-

-

-

-

-

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .2 0

5 .0 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5

aQ

6 .8 0 o v e r

ALL WORKERS

M ACH INISTS, m a in t e n a n c e -------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ---------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .




31

$
4 .9 9
4 .7 9

$
4 .8 1
4 .6 7

$
$
4 . 5 9 - 5 .7 2
4 .5 9 - 4 .8 l

27

e l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in t e n a n c e -------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------- ------------------------------

3 «9 b

3 . 7Q

3 70
"_ n
19

42
40

4 .5 7
4 .5 8

4 .5 9
4 .5 9

4 . 1 3 - 4 .5 q
4 . 1 0 - 4 .5 9

2
2

-

_

-

146
30
116
86

5 .3 4
5 .0 6
5 .4 1
5 .8 8

5 .2 0
5 .2 5
5 .2 0
6 .2 5

4 .6 5 4 .7 5 4 .5 9 5 .1 3 -

6 .3 9
5 .3 n
6 .5 l
6 . 6r>

-

5
5

84
70

4 .6 3
4 .5 1

4 .7 8
4 .3 3

4 . 2 2 - 5 .2 ?
4 .2 2 - S .lo

_

13
13

4i

-

1
1

1
-

f On
3 . c.

2
2

_

-

-

6
6

1
1

_

4
4

9
9

2

*

2
2

6
6

3
2

1
-

-

-

1
-

-

9
2

1
1

1

i

i

-

6
6

10
4
6

1
1
-

-

1
1

1
-

1
1

14
14

10
10

1
-

20
20

3
3

6
6

13
4
9

7
7

-

-

-

-

3
3

11
2
9

22
13
9

3
3
-

1
1
-

5
2
3

-

16
12

11
11

15
6

-

-

-

'

1
1

_

-

-

0
-

-

1

"1
1
1

11
11

_

i
i
-

N u m b er o f w o rk e rs r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s o f—

Hourly earnings3

$
2 .2 0

Number

Occupation and indu stry d iv is io n

oi
M ean2

Median2

Middle range 2

1---- s

s
2 .4 0

2 .6 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

s

s

1

$
3 .2 0

$
3 .4 0

$
3 .6 0

$

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4

3 .0 0

3 .20

3 .4 o

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 4p 4

20

*
S
4 40 4 .6 0 4 .8 0

s

$

s

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

$
5 .6 0

I

5 .0 0

5 .8 0

$
6 .0 0

5.ZQ

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

-

---- 3
"5
---- s
6 .2 0

6 .4 0

6 .8 0

6 .2 0

6 .4 0

6 .8 0

7 f 20

1

-

-

-

and
under
2 .4 0

60

4 .8 o 5 .0 0

ALL WORKERS

$

$

$

$
76

31
JANITORS, PORTERS,

AND CLEANERS -----

266
168

3 .6 6

6

3 .7 6
3 .6 8

2 .7 5 3 .1 5 -

4 .7 l
3 .9 r

17

38
26

3 .6 6

( n _ __
. n

2 .8 4 -

2 .5 6 3?06

29

ll
•

89
48
41

4 .2 s

2 .8 0

.4
3 .3 c

8
8

18

17

8

20

25

44

3

2

42

b
5
z
j:

12

1

j
1

18
33
26

~
L
7

17

12

24

8

15
10T

*

ro

7

8

7
7

at)

66

nr

21

j
21

21

3

1

3

3*0 3

10
8

1
17

A . 15

.

51

£

ro

38

1

1'
n
7_

7 .0 8

25
HEAVY

“

24
22

180
180
180

79

TO
3 .7 1 - 4 .3 a

(OVER 4 TONS,
10^
/ 1T

r

2 '0
TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY

“

j
38

TRUCKDRIVERS,

-

15

25
^2

15

4 .7 4

48

1
1

17

8

1-8

10

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1 - 1 / 2
AND INCLUDING 4 T O N S )i

17

r-* g

3 .4 0 ”

54§
263

4

15
15

/

3 #30

^0

5

20

3

2 . 5 7 - 3 . In

79

44
17
27

18
18

8

60^

• 01

^ • 7J
:

25

3

7 * Ofl

I * ??

T*nn
I*? ?
7 .0 8

T * l^
I * ? ''
7 .1 a

3

3

7

1

**

161

22
22
36

161

1

19

79

(OVER 4 TONS,
34
22
22

^ ^
6 .9 4

7 .0 8

^

130
99




3 .7 4

10'»

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .

3 76
3 .7 8
3 71

3 73

'1

6^

4 * l7

**
1
,

38
38
15

16
14

11

8
8

j

8
8

1




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant,
custodial, and material movement workers, by sex,
in Portland, Maine, November 1975
Sex, occupation, and in du stry d iv is io n

Number
of
wo rite rs

(m ean ^)
hourly
earnings^

Sex, occupation, and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
(m ean ^)
hourly
earnings^

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
| OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

MAINTENANCE an d p o w e r p l a n t
OCCUPATIONS - MEN
$

73
65

n A iR I

4 .7 9

27
<2
►
<♦0

4 .5 7
4 .5 8

146
30

MECHANICS.

3 .9 4
3 .9 6

5 .3 4
5 .0 6
5 .4 1

46
39

AUTOMOTIVE

TRUCKDRIVERS. MEDIUM (1 - 1 / 2
AND INCLUDING 4 T O N S )I

TO

TO

25
TRUCKDRIVERS*

HEAVY

(OVER 4 TONS*

TRUCKDRIVERS,

HEAVY

(OVER 4 TONS.

------------------------------

^/

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

31
porters*

an d

cleaners

------

221

3 .6 4

PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S

82
28

j a n it o r s *

3 .7 6

3 .6 4
4 .7 5

TRUCKERS. POWER (F O R K L IF T )
MANUFACTURING

401

------------------

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN
JA N ITO R S. PORTERS,

AND CLEANERS

31

See footn otes at end of ta b les.

E a rn in g s data in ta b le A - 6 r e la te o n ly to w o r k e r s w h ose sex
id e n tific a tio n w as p ro v id e d b y the esta b lis h m e n t.
E a rn in g s data in
ta b les A - 4 and A - 5 , on the oth er, hand, r e la te to a ll w o r k e r s in an
occu pation.
(S ee appen dix A fo r p u b lication c r it e r ia . )

6 .9 4
3 .7 6

.

3 .7 5

4 .4 3

22
130
99

------

Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts,
in Portland, Maine, for selected periods
In d u stry and o ccu p ation al
grou p

A l l in d u s trie s :
O ffic e c le r ic a l (m en and w o m e n )____________________
E le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g (m en and w o m e n )______
In d u s tria l n u rses (m e n and w o m e n )_________________
S k ille d m ain ten an ce tra d e s (m e n )___________________
U n s k ille d plant w o r k e r s (m e n ) _______________________
M an u factu rin g:
O ffic e c le r ic a l (m en and w o m e n )____________________
E le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g (m en and w o m e n )______
In d u s tria l n u rses (m en and w o m e n )_________________
S k ille d m ain ten an ce tra d e s (m e n )___________________
U n sk illed plant w o r k e r s (m e n )________ . . . . ___ _______
N on m an u factu rin g:
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m en and w o m e n )____________________
E le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g (m e n and w o m e n )_____
In d u s tria l n u rses (m en and w o m e n )_________________
S k ille d m ain ten an ce tra d e s (m e n )___________________
U n s k ille d plant w o r k e r s (m e n )_______________________

*
**

N o v e m b e r 1 972
to
N o v e m b e r 1973

N o v e m b e r 1973
to
N o v e m b e r 1974

N o v e m b e r 1974
to
N o v e m b e r 1975

5.8
*
**
8.5
7.9

8.5
**

7.6
**

**
7.6
9.6

9.0
11.2

**
*
**

**
**
**

**
**
**

7.9
7.7

5.7
6.9

8.4
9.8

5.6
*
**
**

8.5
**
**
**

7.7
**
**
**

7.7

11.4

12.5

Data not a v a ila b le .
Data do not m e e t p u b lication c r it e r ia .

N O T E : T h e p e rc e n t in c r e a s e s p re s e n te d in th is ta b le a re b ased on changes in a v e ra g e
h o u rly e a rn in g s f o r e sta b lish m en ts re p o rtin g the tre n d jo b s in both the cu rren t and p revio u s
y e a r (m atch ed e s ta b lis h m e n ts ).
T h e y a re not a ffe c te d by changes in a v e ra g e earn in gs
re s u ltin g fr o m em p lo ym en t sh ifts am ong e sta b lish m en ts o r tu rn o v e r o f estab lish m en ts
in clu d ed in s u rv e y s a m p les.
T h e p erc e n t in c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a re s t ill a ffe c te d by fa c to rs
oth er than w a ge in c r e a s e s .
H ir in g s , la y o ffs , and tu r n o v e r m ay a ffe c t an estab lish m en t
a v e ra g e f o r an occu pation when w o r k e r s a re paid under plans p ro vid in g a range of w age rates
fo r in d iv id u a l jo b s . In p e rio d s o f in c r e a s e d h ir in g , fo r ex a m p le , new e m p lo y e e s e n te r at the
b ottom o f the ra n g e, d e p re s s in g the a v e ra g e w ithout a change in wage ra te s .
T h e s e w a g e tren d s a r e not lin ked to the w a ge in dexes p r e v io u s ly published fo r th is
a re a b eca u se the w a ge in dexes m ea su red changes in a re a a v e r a g e s , w h erea s th e s e w age
tre n d s m e a s u re changes in m atched esta b lish m en t a v e r a g e s .
O ther c h a r a c te r is tic s o f th ese
w a g e tre n d s w h ich d iffe r fr o m the discon tin u ed in d ex es include (1) earn in gs data o f o ffic e
c le r ic a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tria l n u rses a r e c o n v e rte d to an h ou rly b a s is , (2) tren d estim a te s
a r e p ro v id e d fo r non m an u factu rin g e s ta b lis h m e n ts , w h e re p o s s ib le , and (3) tren d estim a te s
a r e p ro v id e d fo r e le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g jo b s .
F o r a m o r e d e ta ile d d e s c rip tio n o f the m ethod used to com pute th ese w age tre n d s , see
"Im p r o v in g A r e a W age S u rv e y In d e x e s ," M on th ly L a b o r R e v ie w , January 1973, pp. 52-57.

Footnotes
1 Standard hou rs r e fle c t
to th ese w e e k ly hours.
2 Th e m ean is com puted
and h a lf r e c e iv e le s s than the
3 E x c lu d es p re m iu m pay




the w o rk w e e k fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s

(e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r o v e r tim e at r e g u la r and/or p r e m iu m

r a t e s ), and the e a rn in g s c o rre s p o n d

f o r each jo b b y to ta lin g the e a rn in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d ivid in g by the n u m b er o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m edian d esign a tes p o s itio n — h a lf o f the e m p lo y e e s s u rv e y e d r e c e iv e m o r e
ra te shown.
T h e m id d le ran ge is d efin ed by 2 ra te s o f pay; a fou rth o f the w o r k e r s earn le s s than the lo w e r o f th e s e r a te s and a fo u rth e a rn m o re than the h ig h e r rate.
f o r o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on w e ek en d s, h o lid a y s , a n d 'la te sh ifts.

Appendix A
A r e a w a g e and re la te d b e n e fits data a re obtained by p e rs o n a l v is its o f B u reau f ie ld r e p r e s e n t­
atives. at 3- y e a r in te r v a ls . 1 In ea ch o f the in te rv e n in g y e a r s , in form a tion on em p loym en t and
occu p a tion a l e a rn in g s is c o lle c t e d b y a com b in ation of p e rs o n a l v is it , m a il q u e s tio n n a ir e , and telep h on e
in t e r v ie w fr o m e s ta b lis h m e n ts p a r tic ip a tin g in the p re v io u s su rvey.
In each o f the 8 3 2 a re a s c u r r e n tly su rv e y e d , data are obtained fr o m re p r e s e n ta tiv e e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b ro a d in d u stry d iv is io n s : M anu factu ring; tra n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tion , and oth er
pu b lic u tilitie s ; w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il t r a d e ; fin a n ce, in su ra n ce, and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r
in d u stry grou p s exc lu d e d fr o m th ese stu d ies a re govern m en t operation s and the con stru ction and
e x t r a c t iv e in d u s trie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts h avin g fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d num ber o f w o r k e r s a re o m itted
b eca u se o f in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the occupations studied.
Sep arate tab u lation s a re p ro v id e d fo r
ea ch o f the b ro a d in d u stry d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t publication c r it e r ia .

A v e r a g e e a rn in g s r e fle c t c o m p o s ite , a re a w id e e s tim a te s . In d u s trie s and estab lish m en ts d iffe r
in pay l e v e l and jo b s ta ffin g , and thus co n trib u te d iffe r e n tly to the e s tim a te s fo r each job .
P ay
a v e ra g e s m ay f a il to r e fle c t a c c u ra te ly the w age d iffe r e n tia l am ong jo b s in in dividu al estab lish m en ts.
A v e r a g e pay le v e ls fo r m en and w om en in s e le c te d occu pation s should not be assum ed to
r e fle c t d iffe r e n c e s in pay of the s e x e s w ithin in d ivid u a l esta b lis h m e n ts . F a c to r s which m ay con tribu te
to d iffe r e n c e s in clu d e p r o g r e s s io n w ithin e s ta b lis h e d ra te ra n g es, sin ce only the ra tes paid incum bents
a re c o lle c te d , and p e rfo r m a n c e o f s p e c ific du ties w ith in the g e n e r a l s u rv e y job d e scrip tio n s.
Job
d e s c rip tio n s used to c la s s ify e m p lo y e e s in th e s e s u rv e y s u su ally a re m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than those used
in in d ivid u a l esta b lis h m e n ts and a llo w fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong estab lish m en ts in s p e c ific
du ties p e r fo r m e d .
O ccu p ation al em p lo y m en t e s tim a te s r e p re s e n t the to ta l in a ll esta b lish m en ts within the scope
of the study and not the n u m ber a ctu a lly su rv e y e d . B eca u se occu p ation al stru ctu res among e s ta b lis h ­
m en ts d iffe r , e s tim a te s o f occu p a tion a l em p lo ym en t obtained fr o m the sa m p le of establish m en ts studied
s e r v e only to in d ic a te the r e la t iv e im p o rta n c e o f the jo b s studied. T h e s e d iffe re n c e s in occu pational
stru ctu re do not a ffe c t m a t e r ia lly the a c c u ra c y o f the e a rn in g s data.

T h e s e s u rv e y s a re con du cted on a sam p le b a s is .
T h e sam pling p r o c e d u re s in v o lv e d e ta ile d
s tr a tific a tio n o f a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the scope o f an in d ivid u al a re a su rvey by in d u stry and num ber
o f e m p lo y e e s . F r o m th is s t r a t ifie d u n iv e r s e a p ro b a b ility sam p le is s e le c te d , w ith each esta b lish m en t
h avin g a p re d e te r m in e d chance o f s e le c tio n . T o obtain optim um a ccu ra cy at m in im u m co s t, a g r e a t e r
p r o p o rtio n o f la r g e than s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c te d . When data a re com b in ed , ea ch esta b lish m en t
is w e ig h te d a c c o rd in g to its p ro b a b ility o f s e le c tio n , so that unbiased e s tim a te s a r e g e n e ra te d .
For
e x a m p le , i f one out o f fo u r e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c te d , it is given a w eight o f fo u r to r e p re s e n t i t s e l f
plus th r e e o th e rs . An a lte rn a te o f the s a m e o r ig in a l p ro b a b ility is chosen in the sam e in d u s tr y -s iz e
c la s s ific a tio n i f data a re not a v a ila b le f o r the o r ig in a l sam ple m e m b e r. I f no su itable substitute is
a v a ila b le , ad d itio n a l w e ig h t is a s s ig n e d to a sam ple m e m b e r that is s im ila r to the m is s in g unit.

W a ge tre n d s fo r s e le c te d o ccu p ation al grou p s

O ccu pation s and E a rn in g s

O ccu pations u sed to com pute w a ge tre n d s a re :

O ccu pation s s e le c te d fo r study a re com m on to a v a r ie t y o f m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing
in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f the fo llo w in g ty p e s :
(1 ) O ffic e c le r ic a l; (2) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (3 )
m a in ten an ce and p o w erp la n t; and (4 ) c u s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m ovem en t. O ccu pation al c la s s ific a tio n is
b a sed on a u n ifo rm set o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d esign ed to take account o f in te re s ta b lis h m e n t v a ria tio n
in d u ties w ith in the sam e jo b . O ccu p ation s s e le c te d fo r study a re lis te d and d e s c r ib e d in appendix B.
U n less o th e r w is e in d ic a te d , th e e a rn in g s data fo llo w in g the jo b t itle s a re f o r a ll in d u s trie s com bin ed.
E a rn in g s data f o r so m e o f the occu p a tion s lis te d and d e s c rib e d , o r fo r som e in d u stry d iv is io n s w ithin
occu p a tion s, a re not p re s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s , becau se e ith e r (1 ) em p loym en t in the occupation
is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it p re s e n ta tio n , o r (2 ) th e re is p o s s ib ility o f d is c lo s u r e of
in d iv id u a l es ta b lis h m e n t data. S e p a ra te m e n 's and w o m en 's ea rn in gs data a re not p re s e n te d when the
n u m b er o f w o r k e r s not id e n tifie d b y sex is 20 p ercen t o r m o r e o f the men o r w om en id e n tifie d in an
occu pation .
E a rn in g s data not shown s e p a r a te ly fo r in d u stry d iv is io n s are in clu d ed in a ll in d u s trie s
co m b in ed data, w h e re shown.
L ik e w is e , data a re in clu ded in the o v e r a ll c la s s ific a tio n when a sub­
c la s s ific a tio n o f e le c t r o n ic s te c h n ic ia n s , s e c r e t a r ie s , o r tr u c k d r iv e r s is not shown o r in fo rm a tio n to
s u b c la s s ify is not a v a ila b le .
O ccu p ation al em p lo y m en t and ea rn in g s data a re shown fo r fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th ose h ir e d
to w o rk a r e g u la r w e e k ly sch edu le. E a rn in g s data exclu d e p rem iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on
w e ek en d s, h o lid a y s , and la te sh ifts . N on produ ction bonuses a re ex clu d ed , but c o s t - o f- liv in g allo w a n ces
and in c e n tiv e bonu ses a r e in clu d ed .
W e e k ly h ou rs fo r o ffic e c le r ic a l and p ro fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l
o ccu p ation s r e f e r to the stan dard w o rk w e e k (rounded to the n e a re s t h a lf h ou r) fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s
r e c e iv e r e g u la r s tr a ig h t- tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e of pay fo r o v e r tim e at re g u la r and/or p re m iu m r a te s ).
A v e r a g e w e e k ly ea rn in g s fo r th e s e o ccu p ation s a re rounded to the n ea rest h a lf d o lla r .
T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u re the l e v e l o f occu pation al ea rn in gs in an a r e a at a p a rtic u la r tim e .
C o m p a ris o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c cu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r tim e m ay not r e fle c t e x p e c te d w a g e ch an ges.
T h e a v e r a g e s fo r in d iv id u a l jo b s a re a ffe c te d by changes in w a ges and em p lo ym en t p a tte rn s .
For
e x a m p le , p ro p o rtio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by h ig h - o r lo w -w a g e firm s m ay change, o r h ig h -w a g e
w o r k e r s m a y advan ce to b e t t e r jo b s and be re p la c e d by new w o r k e r s at lo w e r ra te s .
Such sh ifts in
e m p lo y m e n t cou ld d e c r e a s e an o ccu p a tio n a l a v e ra g e even though m ost esta b lis h m e n ts in an a re a
in c r e a s e w a g e s d u rin g the y e a r .
T r e n d s in ea rn in gs o f occu p ation al g ro u p q, shown in ta b le A - 7 ,
a re b e tte r in d ic a to r s o f w a g e tre n d s than in d iv id u a l jo b s w ithin the groups.

The
Annual ra te s
span b etw een
in c r e a s e d at

p e rc e n ts o f change in ta b le A - 7 r e la te to w age changes b etw een the in d icated dates.
o f in c r e a s e , w h e re shown, r e fle c t the amount o f in c r e a s e fo r 12 months when the tim e
s u rv e y s w as o th er than 12 m onths. Annual ra te s a re b a sed on the assum ption that w ages
a constant ra te b etw een s u rv e y s .

O ffic e c le r ic a l (m en and w o m e n ):
B oo k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B
C le r k s , accou n tin g, c la s s e s A and B
C le r k s , f i l e , c la s s e s A , B , and C
C le r k s , o r d e r
C le r k 8, p a y r o ll
Keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s e s A and B
M essen gers
S e c r e t a r ie s
S te n o g ra p h e rs , g e n e ra l
S te n o g ra p h e rs , s e n io r
S w itch b o a rd o p e r a to r s , c la s s e s A and B
T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B
T y p is ts , c la s s e s A and B
E le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g
(m en and w o m e n ):
C o m p u ter o p e r a to r s , c la s s e s A , B , and C
C o m p u ter p r o g r a m m e r s , c la s s e s A , B ,
and C

E le c tr o n ic data p ro c e s s in g (m en
and w o m en )— Continued
C o m p u ter s y s te m s a n alysts, c la s s e s A,
B , and C
In d u s tria l n u rses (m en and w o m e n ):
N u rs e s , in d u s tria l (r e g is t e r e d )
S k ille d m ain ten an ce (m e n ):
C a rp e n te rs
E le c tr ic ia n s
M a ch in ists
M ech a n ics
M ech a n ics (a u to m o tiv e )
P a in te rs
P ip e fit t e r s
T o o l and d ie m a k e rs
U n s k ille d plant (m e n ):
J a n ito rs , p o r t e r s , and cle a n e rs
L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l handling

P e r c e n t ch an ges fo r in d ivid u a l a re a s in the p r o g r a m a re com pu ted as fo llo w s :
1. E ach occupation is a s s ig n e d a w eig h t b a sed on its p ro p o rtio n a te em p loym en t in the s e le c te d
grou p o f occu pation s in the base y e a r .
2. T h e s e w e ig h ts a r e used to com pute grou p a v e r a g e s .
E ach occu p ation 's a v e ra g e (m ean )
e a rn in g s is m u ltip lie d by its w e ig h t. T h e p rod u cts a r e to ta le d to obtain a grou p a vera g e.
3. T h e r a tio o f gro u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s is com p u ted by divid in g the a v e ra g e
fo r the c u rre n t y e a r by the a v e r a g e fo r the e a r l i e r y e a r . T h e re s u lts — e x p r e s s e d as a p ercen t— le s s 100
is the p e r c e n t change.
E s ta b lish m en t p ra c tic e s and s u p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s

1 Personal visits were on a 2-year cycle before July 1972.
2 Included in the 83 areas are 13 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are Akron, Ohio; Austin, T ex.; Binghamton,
N. Y. —P a .; Birmingham, Ala. ; Fort Lauderdale—Hollywood and West Palm Beach—Boca Raton, Fla. ; Lexington—Fayette, K y .; Melbourne— TitusvilleCocoa, Fla.; Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, Va. —N. C .; Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N .Y . ; Raleigh—
Durham, N . C . ; Syracuse, N .Y . ; Utica—Rome, N .Y . ; and Westchester County, N. Y. In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in
approximately 70 areas at the request of the Employment Standards Administration of the U.S. Department of Labor.




Ta b u la tion s on s e le c te d es ta b lis h m e n t p r a c tic e s and su p p lem en ta ry wage p ro v is io n s (B - s e r ie s
t a b le s ) a re not p re s e n te d in th is b u lletin .
In fo rm a tio n fo r th ese tabu lation s is c o lle c te d at 3 -y e a r
i n t e r v a ls . 1 T h e s e tabu lation s on m in im u m en tra n c e s a la r ie s fo r in e x p e rie n c e d o ffic e w o r k e r s ; shift
d iffe r e n tia ls ; sch edu led w e e k ly hou rs and d ays; p aid h o lid a y s ; paid v a c a tio n s ; and health, in su ran ce, and
pension plans a re p re s e n te d (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) in p re v io u s b u lletin s fo r th is area.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
in Portland, M aine,1 November 1975
In d u stry d iv is io n 2

M in im u m
em p loym en t
in e s ta b lis h m ents in scope
o f study

W o rk e rs in e sta b lish m en ts
W ithin scope o f s tu d y 4

W ithin scope
o f study*

Studied

Studied
N um ber

P ercen t

167

77

29,508

100

2 1 ,546

50

52
115

29
48

13,695
15,813

46
54

11,521
10,025

50
50
50
50
50

17
23
43
15
17

13
7
14
6
8

3,344
2,243
5,676
3,075
1,475

11
8
19
11
5

3,0 8 9
959
3, 053
2 ,0 7 8
846

A l l d iv i s i o n s ___________________________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________________________ —
N on m an u factu rin g
--------------------------- ------ ------T ra n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and
o th er public u tilitie s 5 _ ____________________ —
W h o lesa le tra d e 6 ____________________ _____ _____
R e t a il tra d e 6_____________________________________
F in a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l esta te 6 ______S e r v ic e s 6 7 ______________________________________

N u m ber o f estab lish m en ts

1 T h e P o rtla n d Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as d efin ed by the O ffic e o f M anagem ent and B udget throu gh F e b r u a r y 1974, c o n s is ts
o f the c it ie s o f P o r tla n d , South P o rtla n d , and W estb ro o k ; and the tow ns o f C ape E liz a b e th , C um berland, Falm ou th , F r e e p o r t , G o rh a m , S ca rb o ro u g h ,
W indham , and Y arm ou th in C u m berlan d County; and Saco c ity and O ld O rc h a rd B each town in Y o rk County.
The " w o r k e r s w ith in scop e o f stu d y"
e s tim a te s shown in th is ta b le p ro v id e a re a s o n a b ly a ccu ra te d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and co m p o sitio n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d ed in the s u rv e y .
E s tim a te s a r e not intended, h o w e v e r , fo r c o m p a ris o n w ith oth er em p lo y m en t in d ex es to m ea su re em p loym en t tren d s o r l e v e ls sin ce (1 ) planning o f
w age s u rv e y s re q u ir e s e sta b lish m en t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e ra b ly in advance o f the p a y r o ll p erio d studied, and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x clu d ed
fr o m the scope o f the s u rv e y .
2 T h e 1967 ed itio n o f the Standard In d u s tria l C la s s ific a tio n M anual w as used in c la s s ify in g esta b lish m en ts by in d u s try d iv is io n .
3 In clu d es a ll esta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l em p lo y m en t at o r above the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
A l l ou tlets (w ith in the a re a ) o f c o m p a n ies in in d u s trie s
such as t r a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tio n p ic tu re th e a te rs a r e c o n s id e re d as 1 esta b lish m en t.
4 In clu des a ll w o r k e r s in a ll esta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l em p lo ym en t (w ith in the a re a ) at o r above the m inim u m lim ita tio n .
5 A b b r e v ia te d to "p u b lic u t ilit ie s " in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s .
T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid en ta l to w a te r tra n s p o rta tio n w e r e exclu d ed .
6 T h is d iv is io n is r e p re s e n te d in e s tim a te s fo r " a ll in d u s tr ie s " and "n on m an u factu rin g" in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s .
S ep a ra te p re s e n ta tio n o f data
is not m ade fo r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g re a s o n s :
(1 ) E m p lo ym en t is too s m a ll to p ro v id e enough data to m e r it s e p a ra te study, (2 ) the sam ple
w as not d esig n ed in it ia lly to p e r m it sep a ra te p re s e n ta tio n , (3) resp o n se was in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequate to p e rm it s ep a ra te p re s e n ta tio n , and (4 ) th e re
is p o s s ib ilit y . o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e sta b lish m en t data.
7 H o te ls and m o te ls ; la u n d ries and o th er p e rs o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u sin ess s e r v ic e s ; autom obile r e p a ir , re n ta l, and p a rk in g ; m o tio n p ic tu re s ;
n o n p ro fit m e m b e rs h ip o rg a n iz a tio n s (ex clu d in g r e lig io u s and c h a rita b le o r g a n iz a tio n s ); and e n g in e e rin g and a rc h ite c tu ra l s e r v ic e s .




Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

T h e p r im a r y pu rpose o f p re p a rin g job d e s c rip tio n s fo r the B u rea u 's w age su rv e y s is to a s s is t its fie ld s ta ff in c la s s ify in g into a p p ro p ria te
o ccu p ation s w o r k e fs who a re em p lo y e d under a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o ll t it le s and d iffe r e n t w ork a rra n g e m e n ts fr o m e sta b lish m en t to e sta b lish m en t and
fr o m a r e a to a rea .
T h is p e rm its the grouping o f occu p a tion a l w age ra tes r e p re s e n tin g c o m p a ra b le jo b content.
B eca u se o f th is em p h a sis on
in te re s ta b lis h m e n t and in te r a r e a co m p a ra b ility o f o ccu p ation al con ten t, the B u re a u 's jo b d e s c rip tio n s m ay d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m th ose in use in
in d iv id u a l e sta b lish m en ts o r th ose p re p a re d f o r oth er p u rp o ses.
In applyin g th e s e jo b d e s c r ip tio n s , the B u re a u 's fie ld e c o n o m is ts a re in stru cted
to e x clu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p ren tices; le a r n e r s ; b e g in n e rs ; tr a in e e s ; and h andicapped, p a r t- tim e , t e m p o r a r y , and p ro b a tio n a ry w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
B I L L E R , M A C H IN E

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T IN G

P r e p a r e s s ta te m e n ts , b ills , and in v o ic e s on a m achine o th er than an o r d in a r y o r e le c tr o m a tic
t y p e w r it e r . M a y a ls o k eep r e c o r d s as to b illin g s o r shipping c h a rg es o r p e r fo r m o th er c le r ic a l w o rk
in c id e n ta l to b illin g o p e ra tio n s . F o r w a ge study p u rp o ses, b ille r s , m ach in e, a re c la s s ifie d by typ e of
m a c h in e , as fo llo w s :

P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e accounting c le r ic a l tasks such as postin g to r e g is te r s and le d g e r s ;
r e c o n c ilin g bank accounts; v e r ify in g the in te rn a l c o n s is te n c y , c o m p le te n e s s , and m a th em a tica l a ccu ra cy
of accounting docu m ents; assign in g p r e s c r ib e d accounting d is trib u tio n c o d e s ; exam ining and v e r ify in g
fo r c le r ic a l a c c u ra c y v a rio u s ty p es o f r e p o r ts , l is t s , c a lc u la tio n s , p o stin g, e tc .; o r p rep a rin g sim p le o r
a s s is tin g in p re p a rin g m o r e c o m p lic a te d jo u rn a l v o u c h e rs . M a y w o rk in e ith e r a manual o r autom ated
accounting s ystem .

B i l l e r , m ach in e (b illin g m a c h in e ).
U ses a s p e c ia l b illin g m achine (com b in a tion typ in g and
adding m a c h in e ) to p r e p a r e b ills and in v o ic e s fr o m c u s to m e rs ' pu rchase o r d e r s , in te r n a lly p re p a re d
o r d e r s , shipping m e m o ra n d u m s , e tc .
U su a lly in v o lv e s ap p lication o f p re d e te rm in e d discounts and
shipping c h a rg e s and e n try o f n e c e s s a r y ex te n s io n s , w hich m ay o r m ay not be com puted on the b illin g
m a c h in e , and to ta ls w h ich a re a u to m a tic a lly accum ulated by m ach in e. Th e o p era tio n u su ally in v o lv e s a
la r g e n u m b er o f ca rb o n c o p ie s o f the b ill bein g p re p a re d and is often done on a fa n fo ld m ach in e.
B i l l e r , m ach in e (b oo k k eep in g m a c h in e ). U ses a bookkeepin g m achine (w ith o r without a
t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a rd ) to p r e p a r e c u s to m e r s ' b ills as p art o f the accounts r e c e iv a b le op era tio n .
G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s the sim u lta n eou s e n try o f fig u re s on c u s to m e rs ' le d g e r r e c o r d .
T h e m achine
a u to m a tic a lly a ccu m u la tes fig u r e s on a n u m b er o f v e r t ic a l colum ns and com putes and u su ally p rin ts
a u to m a tic a lly the d ebit o r c r e d it b a la n c e s . D oes not in v o lv e a k n ow ledge of book k eep in g. W o rk s fr o m
u n ifo rm and stan dard ty p e s o f s a le s and c r e d it s lip s.

T h e w o rk re q u ir e s a k n ow led ge o f c l e r i c a l m eth ods and o ffic e p r a c tic e s and p ro c e d u re s w hich
r e la te s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s in g and r e c o r d in g o f tra n s a c tio n s and accounting in fo rm a tio n .
W ith
e x p e r ie n c e , the w o r k e r ty p ic a lly b e c o m e s f a m ilia r w ith the b ookkeepin g and accounting t e r m s and
p ro c e d u re s used in the a ssig n ed w o r k , but is not r e q u ir e d to have a k n ow led ge of the fo r m a l p rin c ip le s
o f book k eep in g and accounting.
P o s itio n s a r e c la s s ifie d into le v e ls

on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d efin ition s.

C la s s A . U n d er g e n e r a l s u p e rv is io n , p e r fo r m s accounting c le r ic a l op eration s w hich req u ire
the ap p lica tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d gm en t, fo r e x a m p le , c le r ic a lly p ro c e s s in g c o m p lic a te d o r
n o n re p e titiv e accounting tra n s a c tio n s , s e le c tin g am ong a su bstan tial v a r ie t y o f p r e s c r ib e d accounting
codes and c la s s ific a tio n s , o r tra c in g tra n s a c tio n s though p re v io u s accounting actions to d eterm in e
s o u rce o f d is c r e p a n c ie s . M a y be a s s is te d b y one o r m o r e c la s s B accounting c le r k s .

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

O p e ra te s a b ook k eep in g m a ch in e (w ith o r without a t y p e w r ite r k e y b o a rd ) to k eep a r e c o r d o f
b u sin ess tra n s a c tio n s .
C la s s A . K ee p s a set o f r e c o r d s req u irin g a kn ow ledge o f and e x p e rie n c e in b a s ic bookkeepin g
p r in c ip le s , and f a m ilia r it y w ith the s tru c tu re o f the p a rtic u la r accounting s y s te m used.
D e te rm in e s
p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d is trib u tio n o f d eb it and c r e d it ite m s to be used in each phase o f the w o rk . M ay
p r e p a r e co n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b a la n ce s h e e ts , and oth er re c o r d s by hand.

C la s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e phases o r section s o f a set d f r e c o r d s u su ally
r e q u ir in g little k n o w led g e o f b a s ic b o o k k eep in g. P h a ses o r section s include accounts p a y a b le, p a y r o ll,
c u s t o m e r s ' accounts (not in clu d in g a s im p le typ e o f b illin g d e s c rib e d under b i l l e r , m a c h in e ), cost
d is trib u tio n , ex p en se d is trib u tio n , in v e n to r y c o n tro l, e tc. M a y ch eck o r a ssist in p re p a ra tio n o f t r i a l
b a la n ces and p r e p a r e c o n tr o l sh eets f o r the accounting d epartm en t.




C la ss_B . U n d er c lo s e s u p e rv is io n , fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s and stan d ard ized p ro c e d u re s ,
p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e rou tine accounting c l e r i c a l o p e ra tio n s , such as p ostin g to le d g e r s , c a rd s , o r
w o rk s h e e ts w h e re id e n tific a tio n o f ite m s and lo c a tio n s o f p o s tin g s a re c le a r ly in d icated ; checking
a c c u ra c y and c o m p le te n e s s o f sta n d a rd ize d and r e p e t it iv e r e c o r d s o r accounting docum ents; and coding
docum ents using a few p r e s c r ib e d accounting c o d es.
C L E R K , F IL E
F i l e s , c la s s if ie s , and r e t r ie v e s m a te r ia l in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g system .
M ay p e r fo r m
c le r ic a l and m anual ta s k s r e q u ir e d to m ain tain file s . P o s itio n s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the b a sis
o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A . C la s s ifie s and
docu m en ts, e tc ., in an e s ta b lis h e d
M a y a ls o f ile th is m a te r ia l.
M ay
le a d a s m a ll grou p o f lo w e r l e v e l

in d e x e s f i l e m a t e r ia l such as c o rre s p o n d e n c e , r e p o rts , te c h n ic a l
filin g s y s te m con tain in g a n u m b er o f v a r ie d subject m a tte r file s .
k eep r e c o r d s o f v a rio u s ty p e s in conjunction w ith the file s .
M ay
file c le r k s .

SEC R E T A R Y — C ontinue d
C la s s B . S o r ts , c o d e s , and f ile s u n c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l by s im p le (su b ject m a t t e r ) headings
o r p a r tly c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l b y fin e r subheadings. P r e p a r e s s im p le re la te d in d ex and c r o s s - r e fe r e n c e
aids. As req u ested , lo c a te s c le a r ly id e n tifie d m a t e r ia l in f ile s and fo r w a r d s m a te r ia l. M ay p e r fo r m
r e la te d c le r ic a l ta sk s r e q u ir e d to m ain tain and s e r v ic e f ile s .
C la ss C . P e r f o r m s rou tin e filin g o f m a te r ia l that has a lre a d y been c la s s ifie d o r w h ich is
e a s ily c la s s ifie d in a s im p le s e r ia l c la s s ific a tio n s y s te m (e .g ., a lp h a b etica l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r
n u m e ric a l). A s re q u e s te d , lo c a te s re a d ily a v a ila b le m a te r ia l in file s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l; and m ay
f i l l out w ith d ra w a l c h a rg e . M a y p e r fo r m s im p le c le r i c a l and m anual ta sk s r e q u ir e d to m ain tain and
s e r v ic e file s .
C L E R K , ORDER

•Exclusions
Not a ll p ositio n s that a re title d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the above c h a r a c te r is tic s .
p o s itio n s w h ich are exclu d ed fr o m the d efin itio n a re as fo llo w s :
a.

P o s itio n s w h ich do not m eet the " p e r s o n a l" s e c r e t a r y con cep t d e s c r ib e d above;

b.

S ten ograp h ers not fu lly tra in e d in s e c r e t a r ia l ty p e du ties;

c.
S ten ogra p h ers
m a n a g e r ia l p erson s;

s e rv in g

as

o ffic e

a s s is ta n ts

to

a grou p

o f p r o fe s s io n a l,

d.
S e c r e ta r y p ositio n s in w h ich the du ties a re e it h e r s u b sta n tia lly m o r e
s ta n tia lly m o r e c o m p lex and re s p o n s ib le than th o se c h a r a c t e r iz e d in the d efin itio n ;

R e c e iv e s c u s to m e rs * o r d e r s fo r m a t e r ia l o r m e rc h a n d is e b y m a il, phone, o r p e rs o n a lly .
Duties in v o lv e any com b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g : Q uoting p r ic e s to c u s to m e rs ; m aking out an o r d e r
sh eet lis tin g the ite m s to m ake up the o r d e r ; ch eck in g p r ic e s and qu an tities o f ite m s on o r d e r sheet;
and d istrib u tin g o r d e r sh eets to r e s p e c tiv e dep a rtm en ts to be fille d . M a y check w ith c r e d it d ep artm en t
to d e te rm in e c r e d it ra tin g o f c u s to m e r, ack n ow led ge r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s fr o m c u s to m e r s , fo llo w up
o r d e r s to see that th ey h ave been fille d , k eep f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and check shipping in v o ic e s
w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .
CLERK, PA YR O LL
C om putes w a g e s o f com pan y e m p lo y e e s and e n te rs the n e c e s s a r y data on the p a y r o ll sh eets.
D uties in v o lv e :
C a lc u la tin g w o r k e r s ' e a rn in g s b a sed on tim e o r prod u ction r e c o r d s ; and p ostin g
c a lcu la ted data on p a y r o ll sh e e t, show ing in fo rm a tio n such as w o r k e r 's n am e, w b rk in g d ays, tim e ,
r a te , deductions f o r in s u ra n c e , and to ta l w a g e s due. M a y m ake out p a ych eck s and a s s is t p a y m a s te r
in m aking up and d istrib u tin g pay e n v e lo p e s .
M a y use a ca lcu la tin g m ach in e.
KEYPUNCH O PERATO R
O p erates a keypunch m ach in e to r e c o r d o r v e r i f y
ch rds o r on tape.
P o s itio n s a re c la s s ifie d in to le v e ls

alp h ab etic and/or n u m e ric data on tabulating

on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d efin itio n s .

C la s s A .
W o rk re q u ir e s the a p p lica tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju dgm en t in s e le c tin g p ro c e d u re s
to be fo llo w e d and in s e a rc h in g f o r , in te r p r e tin g , s e le c tin g , o r cod in g ite m s to be keypunched fr o m a
v a r ie t y o f so u rce docu m ents. On o c c a s io n m a y a ls o p e r fo r m som e rou tin e keypunch w o rk . M a y tra in
in e x p e rie n c e d keypunch o p e ra to rs .
C la s s B . W o rk is rou tin e and r e p e titiv e .
U n d er c lo s e s u p e rv is io n o r fo llo w in g s p e c ific
p ro c e d u re s o r in s tru c tio n s , w o rk s fr o m v a r io u s sta n d a rd ize d s o u rc e docum ents w h ich have been cod ed ,
and fo llo w s s p e c ifie d p ro c e d u re s w h ich have been p r e s c r ib e d in d e ta il and r e q u ir e lit t le o r no s e le c tin g ,
cod in g, o r in te rp re tin g o f data to be r e c o r d e d . R e fe r s to s u p e r v is o r p ro b le m s a r is in g fr o m e rro n e o u s
item s o r cod es o r m is s in g in fo rm a tio n .
M E SSE N G E R

E x a m p le s ol

te c h n ic a l,

or

rou tin e o r sub­

e.
A s sista n t typ e p ositio n s w hich in v o lv e m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e re s p o n s ib le te c h n ic a l,
a d m in is tr a tiv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c l e r i c a l du ties w h ich a re not t y p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r ia l
w o rk .
N O T E : T h e t e r m "c o r p o r a te o f f i c e r , " u sed in the l e v e l d e fin itio n s fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to th ose
o ffic ia ls who have a sig n ific a n t c o r p o r a te -w id e p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r com pany
a c tiv itie s .
Th e tit le " v ic e p r e s id e n t ," though n o r m a lly in d ic a tiv e o f th is r o le , does not in
a ll c a s e s
id e n tify such position s. V ic e p re s id e n ts w hose p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ility is to act p e r s o n a lly on in d iv id u a l
c a s e s o r tra n sa ctio n s (e .g ., approve o r deny in d iv id u a l loan o r c r e d it a ctio n s; a d m in is te r in d iv id u a l
tru s t accou n ts; d ir e c tly s u p e rv is e a c le r ic a l s t a ff) a r e not c o n s id e r e d to be " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " fo r
p u rp o ses o f applying the fo llo w in g le v e l d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A
1. S e c r e ta r y to the ch airm an o f the b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t o f a com p an y that e m p lo y s ,
o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5, 000 p e rs o n s ; o r

in a ll,

2.
S e c re ta ry to a c o rp o ra te o ffic e r (o th e r than the ch a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t) o f a
com pany that e m p lo y s, in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 but fe w e r than 25, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e ta r y to the head, im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the c o r p o r a te o f f ic e r le v e l , o f a m a jo r seg m en t
o r s u b s id ia ry of a com pany that em p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,000 p e r s o n s .
C la s s B
1. S e c r e ta r y to the ch airm an of the b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t o f a com pan y that e m p lo y s ,
fe w e r than 100 p e rs o n s ; o r

in a ll,

2. S e c r e ta r y to a c o rp o ra te o ffic e r (o th e r than the ch a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t) o f a
com pany that em p lo ys, in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; or
3. S e c r e ta r y to the head, im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the o f f i c e r le v e l, o v e r e it h e r a m a jo r c o r p o r a t e ­
w id e functioned a c tiv ity (e .g ., m a rk etin g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a tio n s , in d u s tria l r e la tio n s , e t c .) o r a m a jo r
g e o g ra p h ic o r o rg a n iza tio n a l segm en t (e .g ., a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a rte rs ; a m a jo r d iv is io n ) o f a com pan y
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5,000 but fe w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p lo y e e s ; o r

P e r fo r m s v a rio u s rou tin e du ties such as running e r r a n d s , o p era tin g m in o r o ffic e m ach in es
such as s e a le rs o r m a ile r s , opening and d is trib u tin g m a il, and o th er m in o r c le r ic a l w o rk . E xclu de
p ositio n s that re q u ir e o p era tio n o f a m o to r v e h ic le as a s ig n ific a n t duty.

4.
S e c r e ta r y to the head o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t,
o f f ic ia l) that em p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5,000 p e r s o n s ; o r

SECRETARY

5. S e c r e ta r y to the head of a la r g e and im p o rta n t o r g a n iz a tio n a l seg m en t (e .g ., a m id d le
m an agem en t s u p e rv is o r o f an o rg a n iza tio n a l s eg m en t often in v o lv in g as m any as s e v e r a l hundred
p e r s o n s ) o r a com pany that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 25,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

A s s ig n e d as p e rs o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to one in d ivid u a l.
M ain tain s a c lo s e and h igh ly
re s p o n s iv e re la tio n s h ip to the d a y -to -d a y w o rk o f the s u p e r v is o r .
W o rk s f a ir ly in d ep en d en tly
re c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e ta ile d s u p e rv is io n and gu id an ce. P e r fo r m s v a r ie d c le r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l
du ties, usually in clu d in g m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
a.
R e c e iv e s telep h o n e c a lls , p e rs o n a l c a lle r s , and in co m in g m a il, a n s w e rs rou tin e in q u irie s ,
and rou tes te c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s to the p r o p e r p e rs o n s ;
b.

M ain tain s the s u p e r v is o r 's ca le n d a r and m a k es appointm ents as in stru cted ;

d.
v is o r 's

E s ta b lis h e s ,

c.

m a in ta in s ,

and r e v is e s the

R e la y s m e s s a g e s fr o m

P e r fo r m s

s u p e r v is o r to su b ord in a tes;

s ten o g ra p h ic and typ in g w o rk .

M a y a lso p e r fo r m o th e r c le r ic a l and s e c r e t a r ia l ta sk s o f c o m p a ra b le natu re and d iffic u lty .
Th e w o rk ty p ic a lly re q u ir e s k n o w led ge o f o ffic e rou tin e and u nderstanding o f the o rg a n iz a tio n , p r o g r a m s ,
and p ro c e d u re s re la te d to the w o rk o f the s u p e r v is o r .




e tc.

(o r o th e r eq u iv a le n t

le v e l of

C la s s C
1. S e c r e ta r y to an e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e rs o n w h o se r e s p o n s ib ility is not e q u iv a le n t to
one o f the s p e c ific l e v e l situations in the d e fin itio n fo r c la s s B, but w h ose o rg a n iz a tio n a l unit
n o rm a lly num bers at le a s t s e v e r a l dozen e m p lo y e e s and is u su a lly d iv id e d into o r g a n iz a tio n a l s eg m en ts
w h ich a re often , in turn, fu rth e r subdivided. In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , th is l e v e l in clu d es a w id e ra n ge o f
o r g a n iz a tio n a l ech elon s; in o th e rs , only one o r tw o ; o r

s u p e r v is o r 's file s ;

e.
R e v ie w s c o r re s p o n d e n c e , m e m o ra n d u m s , and r e p o r ts p re p a re d by oth e rs fo r the s u p e r­
sign atu re to a s s u re p r o c e d u r a l and ty p o g ra p h ic a c c u ra c y ;
f.

fa c t o r y ,

2.
S e c r e ta r y to the head o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t,
o f f ic ia l) that em p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r than 5, 000 p e rs o n s

fa c t o r y ,

e tc .

(o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l of

C la s s D
1. S e c r e ta r y to the
about 25 o r 30 p e rs o n s ); o r

s u p e r v is o r

or

h ead

of

a s m a ll

o r g a n iz a tio n a l

unit

(e .g .,

fe w e r

than

2. S e c r e ta r y to a n o n s u p e rv is o ry s ta ff s p e c ia lis t , p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is tr a tiv e
o f f ic e r , o r a ssistan t, s k ille d tech n icia n o r e x p e r t.
(N O T E :
M an y co m p a n ies a s s ig n s te n o g r a p h e r s ,
r a th e r than s e c r e ta r ie s as d e s c rib e d ab o ve, to th is l e v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r . )

P r im a r y duty is to ta k e d ic ta tio n using shorthand, and to tr a n s c r ib e the dicta tion . M ay also
ty p e fr o m w ritte n co p y .
M a y o p e ra te fr o m a sten ograp h ic p o o l.
M a y o c c a s io n a lly tr a n s c r ib e fr o m
v o ic e r e c o rd in g s ( i f p r im a r y duty is tr a n s c r ib in g fr o m re c o r d in g s , see T ran s c rib in g -M a c h in e O p erator,,
G e n e r a l).

O p era tes one o r a v a r ie t y o f m a ch in es such as the ta b u la to r, c a lc u la to r, c o lla to r , in te r p r e te r ,
s o r t e r , rep rod u cin g,p u n ch , e tc. E x clu d ed fr o m th is d efin itio n a r e w o rk in g s u p e rv is o rs . A ls o exclu ded
a re o p e ra to rs o f e le c tr o n ic d ig ita l c o m p u te rs , even though th ey m a y a lso o p era te E A M equipm ent.

N O T E : T h is jo b is d is tin g u is h e d fr o m that o f a s e c r e ta r y in that a s e c r e t a r y n o rm a lly w ork s
in a c o n fid e n tia l r e la tio n s h ip w ith o n ly one m a n a g er o r exe c u tiv e and p e r fo r m s m o r e re s p o n s ib le and
d is c r e tio n a r y ta sk s as d e s c r ib e d in the s e c r e t a r y jo b d efin itio n .

C la s s A. P e r fo r m s c o m p le te re p o rtin g and tabu latin g assign m en ts including d evisin g d iffic u lt
c o n tro l pan el w ir in g under g e n e r a l s u p e rv is io n .
A s s ig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e a v a r ie t y o f long .and
c o m p le x re p o r ts w h ich often a re ir r e g u la r o r n o n re c u rrin g , re q u irin g som e planning o f the nature and
sequ en cin g o f o p e ra tio n s , and the use o f a v a r ie t y o f m a ch in es. Is ty p ic a lly in v o lv e d in tra in in g new
o p e r a to r s in m achine o p era tio n s o r tra in in g l o w e r 'l e v e l o p e ra to rs in w irin g fr o m d ia gra m s and in
the o p era tin g sequ en ces of lon g and c o m p le x re p o r ts .
D oes not inclu de position s in w hich w irin g
re s p o n s ib ility is lim ite d to s e le c tio n and in s e rtio n o f p r e w ir e d b o a rd s .

S te n o g ra p h e r, G e n e r a l
D icta tio n in v o lv e s a n o r m a l rou tin e v o c a b u la ry .
o r p e r fo r m o th er r e la t iv e ly rou tin e c l e r i c a l ta sk s.

M ay m aintain

f ile s ,

k eep

s im p le r e c o r d s ,

S te n o g ra p h e r, S e n io r
D icta tio n in v o lv e s a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d vo c a b u la ry such as in
r e p o r ts on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h . M a y a ls o set up and m ain tain f ile s , k eep r e c o r d s , etc.

le g a l b r ie fs o r

OR
P e r fo r m s ste n o g ra p h ic d u ties re q u irin g s ig n ific a n tly g r e a t e r independence and r e s p o n s ib ility
than s te n o g ra p h e r, g e n e r a l, as e v id e n c e d b y the fo llo w in g : W ork re q u ire s a high d e g r e e o f sten ogra p h ic
sp eed and a c c u ra c y ; a th orou gh w o rk in g k n ow led ge o f g e n e ra l bu sin ess and o ffic e p ro c e d u re ; and o f
the s p e c ific b u sin ess o p e r a tio n s , o r g a n iz a tio n , p o lic ie s , p ro c e d u re s , file s , w o r k flo w , e tc . U ses th is
k n o w led g e in p e r fo r m in g s te n o g ra p h ic d u ties and re s p o n s ib le c le r ic a l task s such as m ain tain in g follow u p
f ile s ; a s s e m b lin g m a t e r ia l f o r r e p o r t s , m em o ra n d u m s, and le t t e r s ; com p osin g s im p le le t t e r s fr o m
g e n e r a l in s tru c tio n s ; rea d in g and rou tin g in com in g m a il; and an sw erin g rou tine q u estio n s, etc.
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C la s s A .
O p e ra te s a s in g le - o r m u ltip le -p o s itio n teleph on e sw itch b oard handling in co m in g ,
o u tgoin g, in tra p la n t o r o ffic e c a lls . P e r f o r m s fu ll telep h on e in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e o r handles co m p le x
c a lls , such as c o n fe r e n c e , c o lle c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s im ila r c a lls , e ith e r in addition to doing routine w ork
as d e s c r ib e d f o r sw itc h b o a rd o p e r a to r , c la s s B , o r as a fu ll- tim e assign m en t.
( " F u l l " teleph on e
in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e o c c u rs when the e sta b lish m en t has v a r ie d functions that a re not r e a d ily
u n derstan dable f o r telep h o n e in fo r m a tio n p u rp o ses, e .g ., b ecau se o f o v e rla p p in g o r in te r r e la te d
fu n ctio n s, and c o n seq u en tly p re s e n t fre q u e n t p ro b le m s as to w hich exten sion s a re a p p ro p ria te f o r c a lls .)
C la s s B . O p e ra te s a s in g le - o r m u ltip le -p o s itio n teleph on e sw itch b oard handling in c o m in g ,
o u tgoin g, in tra p la n t o r o ffic e c a lls .
M a y handle routine long distan ce c a lls and r e c o r d to lls .
M ay
p e r fo r m lim it e d telep h o n e in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e . ( " L im it e d " teleph on e in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e o c c u rs i f the
fu nctions o f the e s ta b lis h m e n t s e r v ic e d a re re a d ily understandable fo r teleph on e in fo rm a tio n p u rp o ses,
o r i f the re q u e s ts a r e ro u tin e , e .g ., g iv in g exten sion nu m bers when s p e c ific n am es a re fu rn ish ed , o r i f
c o m p le x c a lls a r e r e f e r r e d to an oth er o p e r a t o r .)
T h e s e c la s s ific a tio n s
c u s to m e rs in p la cin g c a lls .

do not in clu d e sw itch b oa rd o p e ra to rs in teleph on e com p a n ies who a s s is t

P o s itio n s a r e c la s s ifie d in to le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d efin ition s.

C la s s B . P e r fo r m s w o rk a cco rd in g to e s ta b lis h e d p ro c e d u re s and under s p e c ific in stru ction s.
A ss ig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e c o m p le te but rou tin e and r e c u r r in g re p o r ts o r p arts o f la r g e r and m o re
c o m p le x r e p o r ts .
O p era tes m o r e d iffic u lt tabu latin g o r e le c t r ic a l accounting m achines sudh as the
ta b u la to r and c a lc u la to r , in addition to the s im p le r m ach in es used b y c la s s C o p e ra to rs .
M ay be
r e q u ir e d to do som e w ir in g fr o m d ia g ra m s .
M a y tra in new e m p lo y e e s in b a s ic m achine operation s.
C la s s C.
U n der s p e c ific in s tru c tio n s , o p e ra te s s im p le tabulating o r e le c t r ic a l accounting
m ach in es such as th e s o r t e r , in t e r p r e t e r , re p ro d u c in g punch, c o lla t o r , e tc .
A ssign m en ts ty p ic a lly
in v o lv e p o rtio n s o f a w o rk unit, f o r e x a m p le , in d ivid u a l so rtin g o r c o lla tin g runs, o r re p e titiv e
o p e ra tio n s .
M a y p e r fo r m s im p le w ir in g fr o m d ia g ra m s , and do som e filin g w ork.
T R A N S C R IB IN G r M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L
P r im a r y duty is to tr a n s c r ib e d icta tio n in v o lv in g a n o rm a l rou tin e v o ca b u la ry fr o m tra n s c rib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a ls o typ e fr o m w ritte n cop y and do sim p le c le r ic a l w ork . W o rk e rs
tra n s c r ib in g d ictation in v o lv in g a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d vo c a b u la ry such as le g a l b r ie fs o r
re p o r ts on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h a re not in clu d ed .
A w o r k e r who ta k es d icta tion in shorthand o r by
S ten otype o r s im ila r m ach in e is c la s s ifie d as a s ten o g ra p h er.
T Y P IS T
U ses a ty p e w r it e r to m ake c o p ie s o f v a rio u s m a te r ia ls o r to m ake out b ills a fte r ca lcu lation s
have been m ade by another p erso n .
M ay in clu d e ty p in g o f s te n c ils , m a ts, o r s im ila r m a te r ia ls fo r
use in du plicatin g p ro c e s s e s . M a y do c l e r i c a l w o rk in v o lv in g lit t le s p e c ia l tra in in g , such as keeping
s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o rtin g and d istrib u tin g in com in g m a il.
C la s s A . P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : T y p in g m a te r ia l in fin a l fo r m when it
in v o lv e s com b in in g m a te r ia l fr o m s e v e re d s o u rc e s ; o r r e s p o n s ib ility fo r c o r r e c t s p ellin g , sy lla b ic a tio n ,
punctuation, e t c ., o f te c h n ic a l o r unusual w o rd s o r fo r e ig n langu age m a te r ia l; o r planning la you t and
typ in g o f c o m p lic a te d s ta tis tic a l ta b le s to m ain tain u n ifo rm ity and b a la n ce in spacin g. M ay typ e routine
fo r m le t t e r s , v a ry in g d e ta ils to suit c irc u m s ta n c e s .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T IO N IS T
In addition to p e r fo r m in g d u ties o f o p e r a to r on a s in g le -p o s itio n or m o n ito r -ty p e s w itch b o a rd ,
acts as r e c e p tio n is t and m a y a ls o typ e o r p e r fo r m rou tin e c le r ic a l w o rk as part o f re g u la r du ties. T h is
typ in g o r c le r ic a l w o rk m a y ta k e the m a jo r p a rt o f th is w o r k e r 's tim e w h ile at sw itch b o a rd .

C la s s B . P e r fo r m s one o r m e r e o f the fo llo w in g : C opy typ in g fr o m rough o r c le a r d ra fts;
o r rou tin e typ in g o f fo r m s , in su ran ce p o lic ie s , e tc ; o r settin g up sim p le standard tabu lations; o r
cop yin g m o r e co m p le x ta b le s a lre a d y set up and sp a ced p r o p e r ly .

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
COM PUTER OPERATOR

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — Continued

M o n ito rs and o p e ra te s the c o n tr o l co n s o le o f a d ig ita l com p u ter to p r o c e s s data a c c o rd in g to
o p e ra tin g in s tru c tio n s , u su a lly p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m m e r .
W o rk in clu des m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
S tudies in s tru c tio n s to d e te rm in e equ ipm en t setup and o p e ra tio n s ; loads equipm ent w ith r e q u ire d
ite m s (ta p e r e e ls , c a r d s , e t c .); s w itc h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia ry equipm ent into c ir c u it, and s ta rts and
o p e ra te s co m p u te r; m a k es ad ju stm en ts to co m p u ter to c o r r e c t o p era tin g p ro b le m s and m e e t s p e c ia l
c o n d itio n s; r e v ie w s e r r o r s m ad e du ring op era tion and d e te rm in e s cause o r r e f e r s p r o b le m to
s u p e r v is o r o r p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a in ta in s o p era tin g r e c o r d s .
M ay test and a s s is t in c o r r e c t in g
program .

C la s s B . O p era tes in d ep en d en tly, o r under only g e n e r a l d ire c tio n , a com p u ter running
p r o g r a m s w ith m o st o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s : M o st o f the p r o g r a m s a re esta b lish ed production
runs, t y p ic a lly run on a r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; th e r e is lit t le o r no testin g of new p ro g ra m s
r e q u ire d ; a lte rn a te p r o g r a m s a re p r o v id e d in c a s e o r ig in a l p r o g r a m n eed s m a jo r change or cannot be
c o r r e c t e d w ithin a re a s o n a b ly tim e . In com m on e r r o r situ a tio n s, d ia g n o s e s cause and takes c o r r e c t iv e
action .
T h is u su ally in v o lv e s applyin g p r e v ib u s ly p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t iv e step s, o r using standard
c o r r e c tio n tech n iqu es.
OR

F o r w a g e study p u rp o s e s ,

c o m p u te r o p e ra to rs

are c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A .
O p e ra te s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r under only g e n e r a l d ire c tio n , a co m p u ter running
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c te r is tic s :
N ew p ro g ra m s a r e fre q u e n tly te s te d and
in tro d u ced ; sch edu lin g r e q u ir e m e n ts a r e o f c r it ic a l im p o rta n c e to m in im iz e dow n tim e; the p ro g r a m s
a r e o f c o m p le x d e s ig n so that id e n tific a tio n o f e r r o r so u rce often re q u ir e s a w o rk in g k n o w led ge o f the
to ta l p r o g r a m , and a lte rn a te p r o g r a m s m a y not be a v a ila b le .
M ay g iv e d ire c tio n and gu idan ce ‘ o
lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a to r s .




O p era tes under d ir e c t s u p e rv is io n a co m p u te r running p ro g r a m s o r segm ents o f p ro g ra m s
w ith the c h a r a c te r is tic s d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A . M a y a s s is t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e ra to r by independently
p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta s k s a s sig n ed , and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt ta sk s fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in stru ction s
and w ith fre q u e n t r e v ie w o f o p e ra tio n s p e r fo r m e d .
C la s s C . W o rk s on rou tin e p r o g r a m s under c lo s e s u p e rv is io n . Is ex p ected to d ev e lo p w ork in g
k n o w led ge o f the co m p u ter equ ipm ent used and a b ility to d etect p ro b le m s in v o lv e d in running routine
p r o g r a m s . U s u a lly has r e c e iv e d som e fo r m a l tra in in g in .c o m p u te r o p e ra tio n . M ay a s s is t h igh er le v e l
o p e r a to r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .

C o n verts statem en ts o f b u sin ess p ro b le m s , ty p ic a lly p re p a re d by a sy stem s a n alyst, into a
sequence of d eta iled in stru ctio n s w hich a re r e q u ire d to s o lv e the p ro b le m s by au tom atic data p ro c e s s in g
equipm ent. W ork in g fr o m ch a rts o r d ia g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d ev e lo p s the p r e c is e in s tru c tio n s w hich,
when e n tered into the co m p u ter s y s te m in cod ed langu age, cau se the m anipu lation o f data to a ch ieve
d e s ir e d re s u lts .
W ork in v o lv e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g ; A p p lie s k n ow led ge of co m p u ter c a p a b ilitie s ,
m a th em a tics, lo g ic e m p lo y e d by c o m p u te rs , and p a rtic u la r su b ject m a tte r in v o lv e d to a n a lyze ch arts
and d ia g ra m s of the p ro b le m to be p ro g ra m m e d ; d evelop s sequ en ce o f p r o g r a m steps; w r ite s d eta iled
flo w ch arts to show o r d e r in w h ich data w ill be p ro c e s s e d ; c o n v e rts th e s e ch arts to cod ed in stru ction s
fo r m achine to fo llo w ; te s ts and c o r r e c t s p ro g r a m s ; p re p a re s in s tru c tio n s fo r o p era tin g p erso n n el
during production run; a n a ly ze s , r e v ie w s , and a lte rs p ro g ra m s to in c re a s e o p era tin g e ffic ie n c y o r
adapt to new re q u ire m e n ts ; m ain tain s r e c o r d s o f p r o g r a m d evelop m en t and re v is io n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s
p e rfo rm in g both s y stem s a n a ly sis and p ro g ra m m in g should be c la s s ifie d as sy stem s a n alysts i f th is is
the s k ill used to d e te rm in e th e ir p a y .)
Does not in clu de e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily re s p o n s ib le fo r the m anagem ent o r s u p e rv is io n o f oth er
e le c tr o n ic data p ro c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o g r a m m e r s p r im a r ily c o n cern ed w ith s c ie n tific and/or
en g in eerin g p ro b le m s .
F o r w age study p u rp o s e s ,

p r o g r a m m e r s a re c la s s ifie d

as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W o rk s in depen den tly o r under only g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on c o m p lex p ro b le m s w hich
re q u ire com p eten ce in a ll p hases o f p ro g ra m m in g con cepts and p r a c t ic e * .
W o rk in g fr o m d ia g ra m s
and ch arts which id e n tify the nature o f d e s ir e d re s u lts , m a jo r p ro c e s s in g steps to be a c co m p lish ed ,
and the rela tio n sh ip s b etw een v a rio u s steps o f the p ro b le m so lv in g rou tin e; plans the fu ll range
o f p ro g ra m m in g action s needed to e ffic ie n t ly u tiliz e the co m p u ter s y s te m in a ch ievin g d e s ir e d
end products.
At this le v e l, p ro g ra m m in g is d iffic u lt b eca u se co m p u ter equipm ent m ust be o rg a n iz e d to
produ ce s e v e r a l in te r r e la te d but d iv e r s e p rod u cts fr o m n u m erou s and d iv e r s e data e le m e n ts . A w ide
v a r ie t y and e x te n s iv e nu m ber o f in te rn a l p ro c e s s in g action s must o ccu r. T h is r e q u ir e s such actions as
d evelopm en t o f com m on o p era tio n s w hich can be reu sed , esta b lish m en t o f lin k age points betw een
o p era tio n s, adjustm ents to data when p r o g r a m re q u ire m e n ts e x c e e d co m p u ter s to ra g e c a p a c ity , and
su bstantial m anipulation and reseq u en cin g o f data ele m e n ts to fo r m a h igh ly in te g ra te d p ro g ra m .
M ay

p ro v id e

fu n ction al

d ire c tio n to

lo w e r le v e l

p rogra m m ers

who a re

system s

a n alysts a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W.orks independently o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on co m p le x p ro b le m s in v o lv in g
a ll phases o f system an a lysis.
P ro b le m s a re c o m p le x b eca u se o f d iv e r s e so u rc e s o f input data and
m u ltip le -u s e req u irem en ts o f output data. (F o r e x a m p le , d ev e lo p s an in te g ra te d prod u ction sch ed u lin g,
in v e n to ry c o n tro l, cost a n a ly sis, and s a les a n a ly sis r e c o r d in w h ich e v e r y ite m o f each typ e is
a u to m a tica lly p ro c e s s e d through the fu ll s y s te m o f r e c o r d s and a p p ro p ria te follow u p action s a re in itia te d
by the c o m p u te r.) C o n fers w ith p erson s co n c e rn e d to d e te rm in e the data p r o c e s s in g p ro b le m s and
a d v is e s s u b je c t-m a tte r p erso n n el on the im p lic a tio n s o f n ew o r r e v is e d s y s te m s o f data p r o c e s s in g
o p e ra tio n s . M akes recom m en d a tion s, if need ed , for. a p p ro v a l o f m a jo r sy s te m s in s ta lla tio n s o r changes
and fo r obtaining equipm ent.
M ay p rovid e fu n ction al d ire c tio n to lo w e r l e v e l s y s te m s a n a lysts who a re assign ed to a s s is t.
C la s s B . W ork s independently o r under only g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on p ro b le m s that a re r e la t iv e ly
u n com p lica ted to an a lyze, plan, p r o g r a m , and o p e ra te . P r o b le m s a re o f lim ite d c o m p le x ity b ecau se
s o u rc e s o f input data a re hom ogeneous and the output data a re c lo s e ly r e la te d . (F o r e x a m p le , d ev e lo p s
s y s te m s fo r m aintaining d e p o s ito r accounts in a bank, m ain tain in g accounts r e c e iv a b le in a r e t a il
esta b lis h m e n t, o r m aintaining in v e n to ry accounts in a m an u factu rin g o r w h o le s a le e s ta b lis h m e n t.)
C o n fe rs w ith p erso n s co n cern ed to d e te rm in e the data p r o c e s s in g p ro b le m s and a d v is e s su b je c tm a tte r p erson n el on the im p lic a tio n s o f the data p r o c e s s in g s y s te m s to be applied.
OR
W ork s on a segm ent of a co m p lex data p r o c e s s in g sch em e o r s y s te m , as d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A.
W o rk s independently on routine a ssign m en ts and r e c e iv e s in stru ctio n and guidance on c o m p le x
a ssign m en ts. W ork is r e v ie w e d fo r a ccu ra cy o f ju d gm en t, c o m p lia n c e w ith in s tru c tio n s , and to in su re
p ro p e r alignm ent w ith the o v e r a ll system .
C la s s C . W ork s under im m ed ia te s u p e rv is io n , c a r r y in g out a n a ly s e s as a s s ig n e d , usu ally
o f a s in g le a c tiv ity .
A ssign m en ts a re d esig n ed to d e v e lo p and expand p r a c tic a l e x p e r ie n c e in the
ap p lication o f p ro c e d u re s and s k ills re q u ire d fo r s y s te m s a n a ly sis w o rk . F o r e x a m p le , m ay a s s is t a
h ig h e r l e v e l system s analyst by p rep a rin g the d e ta ile d s p e c ific a tio n s r e q u ir e d by p r o g r a m m e r s fr o m
in fo rm a tio n d evelop ed by the h ig h e r le v e l an alyst.

a ssig n ed to a ss is t.

C la ss B . W o rk s in d ep en d en tly o r under only g e n e r a l d ire c tio n on r e la t iv e ly s im p le p ro g r a m s ,
o r on sim p le segm en ts o f co m p le x p r o g r a m s . P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n ts ) usu ally p r o c e s s in fo rm a tio n to
produ ce data in tw o o r th re e v a r ie d sequ en ces o r fo rm a ts .
R e p o rts and lis tin g s a re p rodu ced by
refin in g , adapting, a rra y in g , o r m aking m in o r additions to o r d eletio n s fr o m input data w hich are
re a d ily a va ila b le.
W h ile n u m erou s re c o r d s m a y be p ro c e s s e d , the data have been re fin e d in p r io r
actions so that the a ccu ra cy and sequ encing of data can be te s te d by using a few routine ch ecks.
T y p ic a lly , the p ro g ra m d ea ls w ith routine r e c o rd -k e e p in g typ e o p era tio n s.
OR
W ork s on co m p le x p ro g ra m s (as d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A ) under c lo s e d ire c tio n of a h ig h er
le v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M ay a s s is t h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r b y in depen den tly p e rfo rm in g
le s s d iffic u lt tasks a ssign ed , and p e r fo r m in g m o re d iffic u lt task s under fa ir ly c lo s e d ire c tio n .
M ay guide o r in stru ct lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s C . M akes p r a c tic a l ap p lica tio n s o f p r o g ra m m in g p r a c tic e s and con cep ts usually le a rn e d
in fo r m a l tra in in g c o u rs e s .
A ssig n m en ts a re d esign ed to d e velo p com p eten ce in the ap p lication of
standard p ro c e d u re s to rou tine p ro b le m s . R e c e iv e s c lo s e s u p ervisio n on new a sp ects of assign m en ts;
and w ork is r e v ie w e d to v e r i f y its a c c u ra c y and c o n fo rm a n c e w ith re q u ire d p ro c e d u re s .
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS
A n a lyzes b u sin ess p ro b le m s to fo rm u la te p ro c e d u re s fo r so lvin g th em by use o f e le c tr o n ic
data p ro c e s s in g equipm ent.
D evelo p s a c o m p le te d e s c rip tio n o f a ll s p e c ific a tio n s n eed ed to en able
p r o g ra m m e rs to p re p a r e r e q u ir e d d ig ita l co m p u ter p r o g r a m s .
W ork in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g :
A n a ly ze s s u b je c t-m a tte r o p era tio n s to be autom ated and id e n tifie s con dition s and c r it e r ia re q u ire d to
ach ieve s a tis fa c to r y re s u lts ; s p e c ifie s num ber and typ es o f r e c o r d s , file s , and docum ents to be used;
outlines actions to be p e r fo r m e d by p e rs o n n e l and c o m p u ters in s u fficien t d e ta il fo r p re s e n ta tio n to
m anagem ent and fo r p ro g ra m m in g (ty p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p re p a ra tio n of w o rk and data flo w c h a rts );
co o rd in a tes the d evelop m en t o f te s t p ro b le m s and p a rtic ip a te s in t r i a l runs o f new and r e v is e d sy s te m s ;
and recom m en d s equipm ent changes to obtain m o r e e ffe c t iv e o v e r a ll o p e ra tio n s .
(N O T E :
W ork ers
p e rfo rm in g both sy s te m s a n a ly sis and p r o g ra m m in g should be c la s s ifie d as sy s te m s analysts i f th is is
the s k ill used to d e te rm in e th e ir p a y .)
D oes not include e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily re s p o n s ib le fo r the m anagem ent o r s u p e rv is io n o f oth er
e le c tr o n ic data p ro c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r s y s te m s a n alysts p r im a r ily con c e rn e d w ith s c ie n tific o r
en gin eerin g p ro b le m s .




F o r wage study p u rp o ses,

DRAFTER
C la s s A . P la n s the gra p h ic p resen ta tio n o f c o m p le x ite m s having d is tin c tiv e d esign fe a tu re s
that d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m esta b lis h e d d ra ftin g p r e c e d e n ts . W o rk s in c lo s e support w ith the design
o r ig in a to r , and m ay recom m en d m in or d esign ch an ges.
A n a ly z e s the e ffe c t o f each change on the
d e ta ils o f fo rm , function, and p ositio n a l re la tio n s h ip s o f com pon en ts and p a rts .
W o rk s w ith a
m in im u m o f s u p e rv is o ry a s sista n ce. C o m p le te d w o rk is r e v ie w e d by design o r ig in a to r fo r c o n s is te n c y
w ith p r io r en g in eerin g d eterm in a tio n s. M ay e ith e r p r e p a r e d ra w in g s , o r d ir e c t th e ir p re p a ra tio n by
lo w e r le v e l d r a fte r s .
C la ss B. P e r fo r m s nonroutine and c o m p le x d ra ftin g a ssig n m en ts that re q u ir e the a p p lication
of m o st of the stan d ard ized draw ing tech n iqu es r e g u la r ly used. D uties t y p ic a lly in v o lv e such w o rk as:
P r e p a r e s w ork in g draw in gs of su b a ssem b lies w ith ir r e g u la r sh a p es, m u ltip le fu n ction s, and p r e c is e
p o s itio n a l rela tio n sh ip s betw een com pon en ts; p r e p a r e s a rc h ite c tu r a l d ra w in g s fo r c o n stru ctio n o f a
building including d eta il d raw in gs of fou n dation s, w a ll s e c tio n s , flo o r p lan s, and ro o f. U s e s a ccep ted
fo rm u la s and m anuals in m aking n e c e s s a r y com p u tation s to d e te rm in e q u a n tities of m a te r ia ls to be
used, lo a d c a p a c itie s , s tren gth s, s t r e s s e s , e tc .
R e c e iv e s in it ia l in s tru c tio n s , re q u ir e m e n ts , and
a d vice fr o m s u p e rv is o r.
C o m p leted w ork is ch eck ed fo r te c h n ic a l adequ acy.
C la ss C . P r e p a r e s d e ta il d raw in gs o f s in g le units o r p a rts fo r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tru c tio n ,
m an u factu rin g, o r r e p a ir p u rp oses.
T y p e s o f d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d in clu d e is o m e t r ic p ro je c tio n s
(d ep ictin g th re e dim en sion s in a ccu rate s c a le ) and s e c tio n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s itio n in g o f com ponents
and co n vey needed in fo rm a tio n .
C o n so lid a tes d e ta ils fr o m a n u m b er o f sources* and adju sts o r
tra n s p o s e s s ca le as re q u ire d .
S u ggested m eth od s o f a p p roa ch , a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n ts , and a d v ic e on
s o u rc e m a te r ia ls a re g iv e n w ith in itia l a s s ig n m e n ts . In s tru c tio n s a r e le s s c o m p le te when assign m en ts
r e c u r.
W ork m ay be s p o t-ch eck ed during p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T E R -T R A C E R
C o p ies plans and d ra w in gs p re p a re d by o th ers by p la cin g tr a c in g clo th o r p a p e r o v e r d ra w in gs
and tr a c in g with pen o r p e n cil.
(D oes not in clu d e tr a c in g lim ite d to plans p r im a r ily c o n s is tin g of
stra ig h t lin e s and a la r g e s c a le not req u irin g c lo s e d e lin e a tio n .)
AND/OR
P r e p a r e s sim p le o r r e p e titiv e d ra w in gs o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d ite m s .
during p r o g r e s s .

W o rk is c lo s e ly

s u p e rv is e d

W o rk s on
com b in a tion of the
c o n s tru c tin g , and
p r in c ip le s , a b ility

v a r io u s ty p es o f e le c t r o n ic equipm ent and r e la te d d e v ic e s by p e r fo r m in g one o r a
fo llo w in g : In s ta llin g , m a in ta in in g, re p a ir in g , overh au lin g, tro u b le s h o o tin g , m o d ify in g ,
te s tin g .
W o rk r e q u ir e s p r a c tic a l ap p lication o f tech n ica l k n ow led ge o f e le c tr o n ic s
to d e te rm in e m a lfu n c tio n s , and s k ill to put equipm ent in r e q u ir e d o p era tin g condition.

C la s s B . A p p lies c o m p re h e n s iv e te c h n ic a l kn ow ledge to s o lv e co m p le x p ro b lem s (i.e ., those
that ty p ic a lly can be s o lv e d s o le ly by p r o p e r ly in te rp re tin g m a n u fa c tu re rs ' manuals o r s im ila r
d o cu m en ts) in w o rk in g on e le c tr o n ic equ ipm ent. W o rk in v o lv e s : A fa m ilia r it y with the in te r r e la tio n ­
ships o f c ir c u its ; and ju dgm en t in d e te rm in in g w o rk sequ ence and in s e lectin g to o ls and testin g
in stru m en ts, usually le s s co m p le x than th ose used by the c la s s A tech n icia n .

T h e equ ipm en t— c o n s is tin g o f e it h e r m any d iffe re n t kinds of c irc u its o r m u ltip le re p e titio n of
the sa m e kind o f c ir c u it— in c lu d e s , but is not lim ite d to , the fo llo w in g :
(a ) E le c tr o n ic tra n s m ittin g
and r e c e iv in g equ ipm en t (e . g . , r a d a r , ra d io , t e le v is io n , telep h o n e, son ar, n a v ig a tio n a l a id s ), (b)
d ig ita l and analog c o m p u te rs , and ( c ) in d u s tria l and m e d ic a l m ea su rin g and c o n tro llin g equ ipm ent.

R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l gu id an ce, as r e q u ire d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r le v e l tech n ician , and
w o rk is r e v ie w e d fo r s p e c ific c o m p lia n ce w ith accep ted p r a c tic e s and w o rk assign m en ts. M ay p ro vid e
te c h n ic a l guidance to lo w e r l e v e l tech n icia n s.

T h is c la s s ific a t io n e x c lu d e s r e p a ir e r s o f such standard e le c tr o n ic equ ipm ent as com m on o ffic e
m a ch in es and h ou seh old ra d io and t e le v is io n sets; production a s s e m b le rs and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h ose
p r im a r y duty is
s e r v ic in g e le c t r o n ic te s t in stru m en ts; tech n ician s who have a d m in is tra tiv e o r
s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s ib ility ; and d r a ft e r s , d e s ig n e r s , and p ro fe s s io n a l en g in e e rs .

C la s s C . A p p lie s w o rk in g te c h n ic a l k n ow led ge to p e r fo r m sim p le o r routine tasks in w orking
on e le c tr o n ic equ ipm en t, fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in stru ctio n s w hich c o v e r v ir tu a lly all p ro ced u res.
W ork
ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s such ta sk s as: A s s is tin g h ig h e r l e v e l tech n icia n s by p e rfo rm in g such a c tiv itie s as
re p la c in g com p on en ts, w ir in g c ir c u it s , and taking te s t rea d in gs; re p a irin g sim p le e le c tr o n ic equipm ent;
and using to o ls and com m on te s t in stru m en ts (e .g ., m u ltim e te r s , audio s ig n a l g e n e ra to rs , tube te s te r s ,
o s c illo s c o p e s ). Is not r e q u ir e d to be fa m ilia r w ith the in te r r e la tio n s h ip s o f c irc u its . T h is know ledge,
h o w e v e r, m ay be a c q u ire d through a ssign m en ts d esign ed to in c r e a s e c o m p eten ce (including c la s s r o o m
tra in in g ) so that w o r k e r can advance to h ig h er l e v e l tech n icia n .

P o s itio n s a re c la s s ifie d in to l e v e ls

on, the b a sis o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .

C la s s A . A p p lie s ad van ced te c h n ic a l kn ow ledge to s o lv e unusually c o m p le x p ro b le m s (i.e .,
th o se that ty p ic a lly cannot be s o lv e d s o le ly by
re fe r e n c e to m a n u fa c tu re rs ' m anuals o r s im ila r
d o c u m e n ts ) in w o rk in g on e le c t r o n ic equ ipm en t.
E x a m p les o f such p ro b le m s in clu de lo c a tio n and
d e n s ity o f c ir c u it r y , e le c t r o - m a g n e t ic ra d ia tio n , is o la tin g m alfu n ction s, and freq u en t e n g in e e rin g
ch an ges.
W o rk in v o lv e s :
A d e ta ile d u nderstanding of the in te rre la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u its ; e x e r c is in g
in depen den t ju dgm ent in p e r fo r m in g such ta sk s as m aking c ir c u it a n alyses, c a lcu la tin g w a ve fo r m s ,
tr a c in g re la tio n s h ip s in s ig n a l flo w ; and re g u la r ly using co m p le x test in stru m en ts' (e .g ., dual tr a c e
o s c illo s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d evia tio n m e t e r s , pu lse g e n e r a to r s ).
W o rk m a y be r e v ie w e d b y
c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d p r a c t ic e s .

s u p e r v is o r (fre q u e n tly an en g in eer o r d e s ig n e r ) fo r g e n e r a l
M a y p ro v id e te c h n ic a l guidance to lo w e r l e v e l tech n icia n s.

R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l gu id an ce, as r e q u ire d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r le v e l tech n ician . W ork
is ty p ic a lly spot ch eck ed , but is giv e n d e ta ile d r e v ie w when new o r advan ced assign m en ts a re in volved .
N U R S E , IN D U S T R IA L (R e g is t e r e d )
A r e g is t e r e d n u rse who g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e under g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ire c tio n to i l l o r in ju red
e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p erso n s who b e c o m e i l l o r s u ffe r an acciden t on the p re m is e s o f a fa c to r y o r
o th er e s ta b lish m en t.
Duties in v o lv e a com b in ation o f the fo llo w in g : G iv in g fir s t aid to the i l l or
in ju red ; attending to subsequent d re s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju rie s ; k eep in g r e c o rd s of patients trea ted ;
p re p a rin g accid en t re p o rts fo r com p en sation o r o th e r p u rp o ses; a s s is tin g in p h y sica l exam inations and
h ealth eva lu a tio n s o f applican ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y in g out p ro g ra m s in vo lvin g health
edu cation , accid en t p re v e n tio n , eva lu a tion o f plant e n v iro n m e n t, o r o th e r a c tiv itie s a ffectin g the health,
w e lfa r e , and s a fe ty o f a ll p e rso n n el. N u rsin g s u p e r v is o r s o r head n u rses in estab lish m en ts em p loyin g
m o r e than one n u rse a re ex clu d ed .

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
B O IL E R T E N D E R

E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y — C ontinued

F i r e s s ta tio n a ry b o ile r s to fu rn is h the esta b lish m en t in w hich e m p lo y e d w ith h eat, p o w e r,
o r stea m .
F e e d s fu els to f i r e by hand o r o p era tes a m ech a n ica l sto k er, g a s , o r o il b u rn e r; and
c h eck s w a t e r and s a fe ty v a lv e s .
M a y cle a n , o il, o r a s s is t in re p a irin g b o ile r r o o m equipm ent.

stea m b o ile r s and b o ile r - f e d w a te r pum ps; m aking equ ipm ent r e p a ir s ; and k eep in g a re c o r d of operation
o f m a c h in e ry , te m p e r a tu r e , and fu e l consu m ption.
M a y a lso s u p e rv is e th e s e op era tion s.
H ead o r
c h ie f e n g in e e rs in esta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one e n g in e e r a re e x c lu d e d .

C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

P e r fo r m s the c a r p e n tr y d u ties n e c e s s a r y to co n stru ct and m aintain in good r e p a ir bu ilding
w o o d w o rk and equ ipm en t such as b in s , c r ib s , co u n ters, b en ch es, p a rtitio n s , d o o rs , f lo o r s , s ta ir s ,
c a s in g s , and t r im m a d e o f w o o d in an e s ta b lish m en t. W o rk in v o lv e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Plan n in g
and la y in g out o f w o r k fr o m b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in stru ctio n s; using a v a r ie t y o f
c a r p e n t e r 's h an d tools, p o rta b le p o w e r t o o ls , and standard m ea su rin g in stru m en ts; m akin g standard
shop com p u tation s r e la tin g to d im en sio n s o f w o rk ; and s e le c tin g m a te r ia ls n e c e s s a r y f o r the w o rk . In
g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f th e m ain ten a n ce c a r p e n te r r e q u ire s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally
a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r eq u ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .

A s s is t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m ain ten an ce tr a d e s , by p e rfo rm in g s p e c ific o r
g e n e r a l du ties o f le s s e r s k ill, such as k eep in g a w o r k e r supplied w ith m a te r ia ls and to o ls ; cleaning
w o rk in g a r e a , m a ch in e, and equ ipm en t; a s s is tin g jou rn eym a n by holding m a te r ia ls o r to o ls ; and
p e r fo r m in g o th e r u n sk illed ta sk s as d ir e c te d by jo u rn ey m a n . T h e kind o f w o rk the h elp er is p e rm itte d
to p e r fo r m v a r ie s fr o m tra d e to tr a d e :
In som e tra d e s the h e lp e r is con fin ed to supplying, liftin g ,
and h olding m a te r ia ls and to o ls , and clea n in g w o rk in g a re a s ; and in oth e rs he' is p erm itted to p e r fo r m
s p e c ia liz e d m ach in e o p e ra tio n s , o r p a rts of a tra d e that a r e a ls o p e r fo r m e d by w o rk e rs on a
fu ll- t im e b a s is .

E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN T E N A N C E

M A C H IN E - T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O L R O O M

P e r fo r m s a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r ic a l tra d e fu nctions such as the in s ta lla tio n , m a in ten a n ce, or
r e p a ir o f equ ipm en t f o r the g e n e ra tio n , d is trib u tio n , o r u tiliza tio n o f e le c t r ic e n e r g y in an e s ta b lish m en t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : In s ta llin g o r re p a irin g any o f a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic a l equipm ent
such as g e n e r a to r s , t r a n s fo r m e r s , s w itc h b o a rd s , c o n t r o lle r s , c ir c u it b r e a k e r s , m o to r s , h eating u nits,
conduit s y s te m s , o r o th e r tr a n s m is s io n equ ipm en t; w o rk in g fr o m b lu ep rin ts, d ra w in g s , la y o u ts , o r
o th e r s p e c ific a tio n s ; lo c a tin g and d ia gn o sin g tro u b le in the e le c t r ic a l system o r equ ipm en t; w o rk in g
stan d ard com p u tation s r e la tin g to lo a d re q u ire m e n ts o f w ir in g o r e le c t r ic a l equ ipm en t; and using a
v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic ia n 's h an dtools and m e a s u rin g and testin g in stru m en ts. In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the
m a in ten a n ce e le c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e usually a c q u ire d throu gh a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e rie n c e .

S p e c ia liz e s in the o p e ra tio n o f one o r m o r e typ es o f m ach in e to o ls , such as jig b o r e r s ,
c y lin d r ic a l o r s u rfa c e g r in d e r s , en gin e la th e s , o r m illin g m a c h in e s , in the con stru ction o f m ach in eshop to o ls , ga u g e s , j i g s , fix t u r e s , o r d ie s .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Plan n in g and
p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m ach in in g o p e ra tio n s ; p r o c e s s in g ite m s r e q u ir in g c o m p lica ted setups o r a
high d e g r e e o f a c c u ra c y ;
using a v a r ie t y o f p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in stru m en ts; se le c tin g fe e d s ,
sp e e d s , to o lin g , and op era tio n seq u en ce; and m aking n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm en ts during op eration to
a c h ie v e r e q u is ite to le r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s . M ay be r e q u ir e d to re c o g n iz e when to o ls need d re s s in g ,
to d re s s to o ls , and to s e le c t p r o p e r coolan ts and cu tting and lu b ric a tin g o ils .
F o r c ro s s -in d u s try
w age study p u rp o s e s , m a c h in e -to o l o p e r a to r s , to o lr o o m , in to o l and die job b in g shops are excluded
fr o m th is c la s s ific a tio n .

E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y

M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E

O p e ra te s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e rv is e the op era tion o f s ta tio n a ry en gin es and
equ ip m en t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e le c t r i c a l ) to supply the esta b lish m en t in w hich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r, h eat,
r e fr ig e r a t io n , o r a ir - c o n d itio n in g .
W o r k in v o lv e s :
O p era tin g and m ain tain in g equ ipm en t such as
s te a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o to r s , tu rb in e s , v e n tila tin g and r e fr ig e r a t in g equ ip m en t.

P ro d u c e s re p la c e m e n t p a rts and new p a rts in m akin g r e p a ir s o f m e ta l p arts o f m ech an ical
equ ipm ent o p e ra te d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g ; In te rp re tin g w ritten
in stru ctio n s and s p e c ific a tio n s ; planning and la y in g out o f w o rk ; using a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in is t's handtools
and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; settin g up and o p e ra tin g Standard m ach in e to o ls ; shaping o f m etal




p arts to c lo s e to le r a n c e s ; m aking stan dard shop com pu tation s re la tin g to d im en sio n s o f w o rk , to o lin g ,
fe e d s , and speeds o f m ach in in g; k n ow led ge o f the w o rk in g p r o p e r tie s o f the com m on m e ta ls ; s e le c tin g
standard m a te r ia ls , p a rts , and equ ipm ent re q u ire d fo r th is w o rk ; and fittin g and a ssem b lin g p a rts into
m ech a n ica l equipm ent.
In g e n e r a l, the m a c h in is t's w o rk n o rm a lly r e q u ir e s a rounded tra in in g in
m a ch in e-sh op p r a c tic e u su ally a c q u ire d through a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r equ iva len t tra in in g
and e x p e rie n c e .

P a in ts and r e d e c o ra te s w a lls , w o o d w o rk , and fix tu r e s o f an esta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s the
fo llo w in g : K n ow ledge of s u rfa ce p e c u lia r itie s and ty p es o f paint r e q u ir e d fo r d iffe r e n t a p p lica tio n s;
p re p a rin g su rfa ce fo r painting by re m o v in g o ld fin is h o r by p la cin g putty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o les and
in t e r s t ic e s ; and applying paint w ith sp ra y gun o r brush. M a y m ix c o lo r s , o ils , w h ite le a d , and o th er
paint in gred ien ts to obtain p ro p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is te n c y .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce
p a in te r re q u ire s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r
equ iva len t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M a in te n a n c e )
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a irs a u to m o b ile s , b u ses, m o to rtru c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s ta b lish m en t.
W ork in v o lv e s
m ost o f the fo llo w in g : E xa m in in g a u tom otive equ ipm ent to d iagn ose s o u rce o f tro u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g
equipm ent and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that in v o lv e the use o f such handtools as w re n c h e s , ga u ges, d r ills ,
o r s p e c ia liz e d equ ipm ent in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a rts ; re p la c in g broken o r d e fe c tiv e parts fr o m
stock; grin d in g and adjusting v a lv e s ; re a s s e m b lin g and in s ta llin g the v a rio u s a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le
and m aking n e c e s s a r y adju stm en ts; and align in g w h e e ls , adjusting b ra k es and lig h ts , o r tigh ten in g body
b olts. In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the a u tom otive m ech a n ic r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally
a c q u ired through a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip , o r eq u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .

T h is c la s s ific a tio n does not in clu d e m e ch a n ics who r e p a ir c u s to m e r s ' v e h ic le s in au tom obile
r e p a ir shops.

M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a irs m a c h in e ry o r m e c h a n ic a l equ ipm ent o f an e s ta b lish m en t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o st o f the
fo llo w in g : E xam in in g m a ch in es and m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent to d iagn ose s o u rc e o f tro u b le ; d ism a n tlin g
o r p a rtly d ism an tlin g m ach in es and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly in v o lv e the use o f handtools in
scra p in g and fittin g p a rts ; re p la c in g b rok en o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts w ith ite m s obtained fr o m stock ; o rd e rin g
the production o f a re p la c e m e n t p a rt by a m ach in e shop o r sending o f the m ach in e to a m ach in e shop
fo r m a jo r re p a ir s ; p re p a rin g w ritte n s p e c ific a tio n s fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r fo r the produ ction of p a rts
o r d e r e d fr o m m ach in e shops; r e a s s e m b lin g m a ch in es; and m aking a ll n e c e s s a r y adju stm ents fo r
op eration . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f a m ain ten an ce m ech a n ic r e q u ire s rounded tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e
usually a cqu ired throu gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip or eq u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e . E xclu d ed fr o m
th is c la s s ific a tio n a re w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y du ties in v o lv e settin g up o r adjusting m ach in es.

M IL L W R IG H T
In s ta lls new m a ch in es o r h eavy equ ipm en t, and d ism a n tles and in s ta lls m a ch in es o r h eavy
equipm ent when ch an ges in the plant layou t a re re q u ire d .
W ork in v o lv e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g :
Planning and la y in g out o f the w o rk ; in te rp re tin g b lu ep rin ts o r o th er s p e c ific a tio n s ; using a v a r ie t y of
handtools and r ig g in g ; m aking stan dard shop com pu tation s re la tin g to s t r e s s e s , stren gth o f m a t e r ia ls ,
and c e n te rs of g r a v it y ; a lign in g and b alan cin g o f equ ipm en t; s e le c tin g standard to o ls , equ ip m en t, and
p arts to be used; and in s ta llin g and m a in ta in in g in good o r d e r p o w e r tra n s m is s io n equ ipm ent such as
d r iv e s and speed re d u c e rs . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t 's w o rk n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rounded tra in in g and
e x p e rie n c e in the tr a d e a cq u ired throu gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r eq u ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

In s ta lls o r r e p a irs w a te r , steam , g a s , o r o th e r ty p e s o f pip e and p ip e fittin g s in an e s ta b lis h ­
m ent.
W ork in v o lv e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g : L a y in g out o f w o rk and m e a s u rin g to lo c a te p o sitio n o f
pip e fr o m draw in gs o r oth er w ritte n s p e c ific a tio n s ; cu tting v a rio u s s iz e s o f pipe to c o r r e c t len gth s
w ith c h is e l and h a m m er o r o x y a cety len e to r c h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a c h in e s ; th rea d in g pip e w ith stock s and
d ie s ; bending pipe by h a n d -d riven o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g pip e w ith co u p lin gs and
fa sten in g pipe to h a n gers; m aking standard shop com p u tation s r e la tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f
pipe re q u ire d ; and m aking standard te s ts to d e te rm in e w h eth er fin is h e d pip es m e e t s p e c ific a tio n s . In
g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m aintenance p ip e fit t e r r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally
a c q u ire d through a fo r m a l ap p ren ticesh ip o r eq u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
W o r k e r s p r im a r ily
en ga ged in in sta llin g and rep a irin g building san itation o r h eatin g s y s te m s a re e x c lu d e d .
S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
F a b r ic a te s , in s ta lls , and m ain tain s in g o o d r e p a ir the s h e e t-m e ta l equ ipm ent and fix tu r e s (such
as m ach in e gu ards, g r e a s e pans, s h e lv e s , lo c k e r s , tan ks, v e n t ila t o r s , ch u tes, ducts, m e ta l r o o fin g )
o f an esta b lish m en t. W ork in v o lv e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g : P la n n in g and la y in g out a ll ty p es o f s h eetm e ta l m aintenance w o rk fr o m b lu ep rin ts, m o d e ls , o r o th er s p e c ific a tio n s ; settin g up and o p e ra tin g a ll
a v a ila b le ty p es o f s h e e t-m e ta l w ork in g m a c h in e s ; using a v a r ie t y o f handtools in cu ttin g, bending,
fo r m in g , shaping, fittin g , and assem b lin g; and in s ta llin g s h e e t- m e ta l a r t ic le s as r e q u ir e d . In g e n e r a l,
the w o rk o f the m aintenance s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e usually
a cq u ired through a fo r m a l ap p ren ticesh ip o r eq u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
T O O L AN D D IE M A K E R
C on stru cts and r e p a ir s m achine-shop tools, g a u g e s , ji g s , fix tu r e s o r d ie s fo r fo r g in g s , punching,
and o th er m e ta l-fo r m in g w o rk . W ork in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : P la n n in g and la y in g out of w ork
fr o m m o d e ls , b lu ep rin ts, d ra w in gs, o r oth er o r a l and w ritte n s p e c ific a tio n s ; using a v a r ie t y o f to o l and
die m a k e r 's handtools and p r e c is io n m ea su rin g in s tru m e n ts ; un derstan din g of the w o rk in g p r o p e r tie s of
com m on m eta ls and a llo y s ; setting up and o p e ra tin g o f m ach in e t o o ls and r e la te d equ ip m en t; m aking
n e c e s s a r y shop com putations rela tin g to d im en sio n s of w o rk , s p e e d s , fe e d s , and to o lin g of m ach in es;
h e a t-tre a tin g of m etal p arts during fa b ric a tio n as w e ll as of fin is h e d to o ls and d ies to a c h ie v e re q u ire d
q u a litie s ; w ork in g to c lo s e to le r a n c e s ; fittin g and a s s e m b lin g of p a rts to p r e s c r ib e d to le r a n c e s and
a llo w a n c e s ; and s e le c tin g a p p ro p ria te m a te r ia ls , to o ls , and p r o c e s s e s .
In g e n e r a l, the to o l and d ie
m a k e r 's w ork re q u ire s a rounded tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c tic e u su ally a c q u ire d
throu gh a fo r m a l ap p ren ticesh ip o r equ ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s -in d u s try w age study p u rp o s e s ,
a re ex clu d ed fro m th is c la s s ific a tio n .

to o l and d ie m a k e rs in to o l and die jo b b in g shops

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
G UARD AND W A T C H M E N

G u ard. P e r fo r m s rou tine p o lic e d u ties, e ith e r at fix e d post o r on to u r,
using arm s o r fo r c e w h e re n e c e s s a r y .
In clu d es gu a rd s who a re station ed at
id en tity o f e m p lo y e e s and o th er p e rs o n s e n te r in g .

W atch m an .
and ille g a l en try .

L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L H A N D L IN G

m ain tain in g o r d e r ,
gate and check on

M ak es rounds o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p ro te c tin g p ro p e r ty again st f i r e , th eft,

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R

C lean s and keep s in an o r d e r ly con dition fa c t o r y w o rk in g a re a s and w a s h ro o m s , o r p r e m is e s
o f an o ffic e , apartm en t h ou se, o r c o m m e r c ia l o r o th e r esta b lis h m e n t. D uties in v o lv e a com b in ation of
the fo llo w in g : S w eep in g, m oppin g o r scru b b in g, and p o lis h in g flo o r s ; re m o v in g ch ip s, tra s h , and oth er
refu s e ; dusting equ ipm en t, fu rn itu re , o r fix tu re s ; p o lish in g m e ta l fix tu r e s o r tr im m in g s ; p ro v id in g
su pplies and m in o r m ain ten an ce s e r v ic e s ; and clea n in g la v a t o r ie s , s h o w e rs , and re s tr o o m s . W o r k e r s
who s p e c ia liz e in window w ash in g a re e x c lu d e d .




A w o rk e r em p lo y e d in a w a reh o u se, m a n u fa ctu rin g p lan t, s to r e , o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t w h ose
du ties in v o lv e one o r m o re o f the fo llo w in g : L o a d in g and unloading v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and m e rc h a n d is e
on o r fr o m fre ig h t c a r s , tru c k s , o r o th er tr a n s p o r tin g d e v ic e s ; unpacking, s h e lv in g , o r pla cin g
m a te r ia ls o r m erch a n d ise in p ro p e r s to ra g e lo c a tio n ; and tra n s p o rtin g m a t e r ia ls o r m e rc h a n d is e by
h an dtru ck, c a r , o r w h e e lb a rro w . L o n g s h o re w o r k e r s , who lo a d and unload ships a r e e x c lu d e d .
O RD ER F IL L E R
F i l l s shipping o r t r a n s fe r o r d e r s f o r fin is h e d good s fr o m s to r e d m e rc h a n d is e in a cc o rd a n c e
w ith s p e c ific a tio n s on sa les s lip s , c u s to m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s tru c tio n s .
M a y , in addition to
fillin g o r d e r s and in d icatin g ite m s f ille d o r o m itte d , k eep r e c o r d s o f outgoing o r d e r s , re q u is itio n
ad d ition a l stock^pr re p o rt sh ort su pplies to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r fo r m o th e r r e la te d du ties.
P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G
P r e p a r e s fin ish ed products fo r sh ipm en t o r s to r a g e by p la c in g th em in sh ippin g c o n ta in e rs ,
the s p e c ific op eration s p e r fo r m e d bein g dependent upon the ty p e , s iz e , and n u m b er of units to be
p a ck ed , the type o f co n ta in er em p lo y e d , and method,, o f sh ip m en t. W o rk re q u ir e s the p la cin g o f ite m s
in shipping con tain ers and m ay in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : K n o w led ge o f v a r io u s ite m s o f

stock in o r d e r to v e r i f y content; s e le c tio n o f a p p ro p ria te typ e and s iz e o f c o n ta in e r; in s e rtin g
e n c lo s u re s in c o n ta in e r; using e x c e ls io r o r o th er m a te r ia l to p reven t b rea k a g e o r d am age; c lo s in g and
s e a lin g co n ta in e r; and a pplyin g la b e ls o r e n te rin g id en tify in g data on con tain er. P a c k e r s who a lso m ake
w ooden b o x es o r c r a te s a re e x c lu d e d .

fo llo w s :

F o r w age

study p u rp o s e s ,

w o rk ers

a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

R e c e iv in g c le r k
Shipping c le r k
Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k

T R U C K D R IV E R
D r iv e s a tru c k w ith in a c ity o r in d u s tria l a re a to tra n s p o rt m a te r ia ls , m e rc h a n d is e , equ ipm en t,
o r w o r k e r s b etw een v a r io u s ty p es o f e sta b lish m en ts such as: M anufacturing p lan ts, fr e ig h t d ep ots,
w a re h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r b etw een r e ta il esta b lis h m e n ts and c u s to m e r s '
hou ses o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M a y a ls o lo a d o r unload tru ck w ith or w ithout h e lp e r s , m ake m in o r
m e c h a n ic a l r e p a ir s , and k eep tru ck in g ood w ork in g o r d e r .
S a le 3 - route and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s
a r e e x c lu d e d .




as

T r u c k d r iv e r (com b in a tion o f s iz e s lis t e d s e p a r a te ly )
T r u c k d r iv e r , lig h t (u n der IV 2 to n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , m ed iu m (IV 2 to and in clu din g 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h ea vy (o v e r 4 to n s, t r a i l e r ty p e )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h ea vy (o v e r 4 to n s, o th er than t r a i l e r ty p e )

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e rc h a n d is e fo r sh ip m en t, o r r e c e iv e s and is re s p o n sib le fo r in co m in g shipm ents
o f m e rc h a n d is e o r o th e r m a te r ia ls .
Shipping w o rk in v o lv e s : A know ledge o f shipping p ro c e d u r e s ,
p r a c t ic e s , ro u te s , a v a ila b le m ean s o f tra n s p o rta tio n , and ra te s ; and p re p a rin g r e c o r d s o f the goods
sh ip p ed , m aking up b ills o f la d in g , p o stin g w eigh t and shipping ch a rg e s , and k eep in g a f i l e o f shipping
r e c o r d s . M a y d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p r e p a r in g the m erch a n d ise fo r shipm ent. R e c e iv in g w o rk in v o lv e s ;
V e r ify in g o r d ir e c tin g o th e rs in v e r ify in g the c o r r e c tn e s s of shipm ents against b ills o f la d in g, in v o ic e s ,
o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; ch eck in g fo r s h o rta g e s and r e je c tin g dam aged goods; rou tin g m e rc h a n d is e o r
m a t e r ia ls to p r o p e r d ep a rtm e n ts ; and m ain tain in g n e c e s s a r y r e c o rd s and f ile s .

F o r w a ge study p u rp o s e s , tr u c k d r iv e r s a re c la s s ifie d by s iz e and typ e o f equipm ent,
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r should be ra te d on the b a s is o f t r a i l e r c a p a c ity .)

T R U C K E R , PO W ER

goods

O p era tes a m an u ally c o n tr o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic - p o w e r e d tru ck o r tr a c t o r to tra n sp o rt
and m a te r ia ls o f a ll kinds about a w a re h o u s e , m an u factu rin g plant, o r oth er estab lish m en t.
F o r w a ge study p u rp o s e s ,

w ork ers

a re c la s s ifie d b y typ e o f tru ck ,

as fo llo w s :

T r u c k e r , p o w e r (fo r k lif t )
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (o th e r than fo r k lif t )
W A R E H O U S E M AN
A s d ir e c te d , p e r fo r m s a v a r ie t y o f w a reh o u sin g duties w h ich re q u ire an understanding of
the e s ta b lis h m e n t's s to ra g e p la n . W o rk in v o lv e s m ost of the fo llo w in g : V e r ify in g m a te r ia ls (o r
m e rc h a n d is e ) again st r e c e iv in g docu m en ts, noting and re p o rtin g d is c re p a n c ie s and obvious dam ages;
rou tin g m a te r ia ls to p r e s c r ib e d s to ra g e lo c a tio n s ; s to rin g , s ta ck in g , o r p a lle tiz in g m a te r ia ls in
a cco rd a n ce w ith p r e s c r ib e d s to ra g e m eth od s; r e a r r a n g in g and ta k in g in ven to ry of s to re d m a te r ia ls ;
exa m in in g s to re d m a te r ia ls and re p o rtin g d e te r io r a tio n and dam age; re m o v in g m a te r ia l fr o m sto ra g e
and p re p a rin g it fo r shipm ent. M a y o p era te hand o r p o w e r tru ck s in p e r fo r m in g w areh ou sin g duties.
E xclu d e w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y duties in v o lv e shipping and re c e iv in g w ork (s e e shipping and
r e c e iv in g c le r k and p a c k e r, sh ip p in g), o r d e r fillin g (s e e o r d e r f i l l e r ) , o r o p eratin g p o w er tru ck s (see
t r u c k e r , p o w e r ).

Available On Request
The fo llo w in g a r e a s a r e s u rv e y e d p e r io d ic a lly fo r use in a d m in is te rin g the S e r v ic e C o n tra ct A c t o f 1965.
any o f the B L S r e g io n a l o ffic e s shown on the back c o v e r .

A la s k a
A lb a n y , Ga.
A lb u q u erq u e, N . M ex.
A le x a n d r ia , La.
A lp e n a , S tandish, and T a w a s C ity , M ich .
Ann A r b o r , M ich .
A s h e v ille , N .C .
A tla n tic C ity , N.J.
A u gu sta, Ga.—S.C.
B a k e r s fie ld , C a lif.
Baton R ou ge, La.
B a ttle C r e e k , M ich .
Beaum ont—P o r t A r th u i^ O r a n g e , T e x .
B ilo x i— u lfp o rt and P a s c a g o u la , M is s .
G
B o is e C ity , Idaho
B r e m e r to n , W ash.
B r id g e p o r t, N o r w a lk , and S ta m fo rd , Conn.
B ru n sw ick , Ga.
B u rlin gto n , Vt.—N .Y .
C ape C od , M a ss.
C e d a r R a p id s, Iow a
C ham paign—Urbana— antoul, 111.
R
C h a rle s to n , S.C.
C h a rlo tte — a ston ia, N .C .
G
C h eyen n e, W yo.
C la r k s v ille —H o p k in s v ille , Ten n .—K y.
C o lo ra d o S p rin gs, C o lo .
C olu m b ia , S.C.
Colu m bu s, Ga.— la .
A
C olu m bu s, M is s .
C ra n e , Ind.
D eca tu r, 111.
D es M o in e s , Iow a
Dothan, A la .
Duluth—S u p e r io r , M inn.—W is.
E l P a s o , T e x ., and A la m o g o r d o —L a s C ru c e s , N. M ex.
E ugene—S p rin g fie ld , O re g .
F a y e t t e v ille , N .C .
F itc h b u rg —L e o m in s t e r , M a ss.
F o r t Sm ith, A r k .—O kla.
F o r t W ayne, Ind.
F r e d e r ic k — a g ersto w n , M d .— h a m b e rs b u rg , P a .—
H
C
M a rtin s b u rg , W. Va.
G adsden and A n n isto n , A la .
G o ld s b o ro , N .C .
G rand Islan d—H astin gs, N e b r.
G re a t F a lls , M ont.
Guam , T e r r i t o r y o f
H a r r is b u r g —Lebanon, Pa.
Huntington—A sh la n d , W. V a.— y .—
K
Ohio
K n o x v ille , Tenn.
L a C r o s s e , W is.
L a red o , T ex.
L a s V e g a s , N ev.
Law ton , O kla.
L im a , Ohio
L it t le R ock—N orth L it t le R o ck , A r k .

C op ies o f public r e le a s e s a r e o r w i l l be a v a ila b le at no c o s t

w h ile su p p lies la s t

fr o m

Logan sport—P e ru , Ind.
L o ra in — ly r ia , Ohio
E
L o w e r E a stern S h ore, Md.—Va.—D el.
Lyn ch bu rg, Va.
M acon , Ga.
M adison, W is.
M a n sfield , Ohio
M arq u ette, Escanaba, Sault Ste. M a r ie , M ich .
M c A lle n —P h a rr-E d in b u rg and B r o w n s v ille —
H arlin gen —
San B en ito, T e x .
M e d fo rd — lam ath F a lls — rants P a s s , O r e g .
K
G
M e rid ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , Monm outh, and Ocean C o s ., N.J.
M o b ile and P e n s a c o la , A la .—F la .
M o n tg o m ery , A la .
N a s h v ille —D avidson, Tenn.
N ew Bern—J a c k s o n v ille , N.C.
N ew London—N o rw ich , Conn.—R .I.
N o rth Dakota, State o f
O rlan do, F la .
Oxnard—Sim i V a lle y —Ventura, C a lif.
Panam a C ity , F la .
P a rk e rs b u rg —M a rie tta , W. Va.— hio
O
P e o r ia , III.
P h oen ix, A r iz .
P in e Bluff, A rk .
P o c a te llo —
Idaho F a lls , Idaho
P ortsm ou th , N .H .—M aine—M ass.
P u eblo, C o lo .
P u erto R ico
R en o, N ev.
R ichland— ennew ick—W a lla W alla—
K
Pen dleton , Wash.— re g .
O
R iv e r s id e —
San B ern ard in o—O n tario, C a lif.
Salina, Kans.
Salinas—S easide—M o n te r e y , C a lif.
Sandusky, Ohio
Santa B a rb a ra —
Santa M a ria —L o m p o c , C a lif.
Savannah, Ga.
Selm a, A la .
Sherman—D enison, T e x .
S h revep o rt, La.
Sioux F a lls , S. Dak.
Spokane, Wash.
S p rin g field , 111.
S p rin g field — h icop ee—H olyoke, M a s s .—
C
Conn.
Stockton, C a lif.
T a c o m a , Wash.
Tam pa—
St. P e te r s b u r g , F la .
T opeka, Kans.
Tu cson , A r iz .
T u lsa, O kla.
V a lle jo — a ir fie ld —Napa, C a lif.
F
W aco and K ille e n —T e m p le , T e x .
W a terlo o — ed a r F a lls , Iowa
C
W est T e x a s P la in s
W ilm in gton , D el.—N.J.—Md.

An annual r e p o r t on s a la r ie s fo r accou n tan ts, a u d ito rs , c h ie f accou n tan ts, a tto r n e y s , jo b a n a ly s ts , d ir e c t o r s o f p e rs o n n e l, 'b u y e r s , c h e m is ts , e n g in e e r s , e n g in e e r in g te c h n ic ia n s , d r a ft e r s , and
c le r ic a l e m p lo y e e s is a v a ila b le .
O r d e r as B L S B u lletin 1837, N a tio n a l S u rv e y o f P r o fe s s io n a l, A d m in is tr a tiv e , T e c h n ic a l, and C le r ic a l P a y , M a rch 1974, $1.40 a co p y , fr o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l s a le s
o ffic e s shown on the back c o v e r , o r fr o m the Superintendent o f D ocu m en ts, U.S. G o vern m en t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington, D .C. 20402.




Area Wage Surveys
A lis t o f the la te s t a v a ila b le b u lle tin s o r bu lletin supplem ents is p re s e n te d b elow .
A d ir e c t o r y o f a r e a w a ge studies including m o r e lim ite d stu dies conducted at the requ est o f the E m ploym en t
Standards A d m in is tr a tio n o f the D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on req u est.
B u lletin s m a y be purchased fr o m any o f the B LS r e g io n a l o ffic e s shown on the back c o v e r .
B u lletin supplem ents m a y be
ob tain ed w ithout c o s t, w h e re in d ica ted , fr o m B L S re g io n a l o ffic e s .

A rea

B u lletin num ber
and p r ic e *

A k ro n , O h io, D e c . 1974 ____________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
A lb a n y -S ch en ecta d y —T r o y , N .Y ., Sept. 1975 1___________________________________________ 1850-63, $1.20
A lb u q u erq u e, N . M e x ., M a r . 1974 2 ______________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
A lle n to w n — eth leh em —E aston , P a .—N .J ., M a y 1974 2 ___________________________________ Suppl.
B
F ree
A n ah eim —Santa A n a -G a rd e n G r o v e , C a lif., O ct. 1974 1 _______________________________ 1850-9, 85 cents
A tla n ta , G a „ M a y 19751 ___________________________________________________________________ 1850-25, $1.00
A u stin , T e x ., D e c . 1974 ___________________________ ________ ______________________________ Suppl.
F ree
B a ltim o r e , M d., A u g. 1 9 7 5 * _____________ _______ _________________________________ _______ 1850-62, $1.30
B eaum ont— o r t A rth u r—O r ange, T e x ., M a y 1974 2 ____________________________________ Suppl.
P
F ree
B illin g s , M on t., J u ly 1975___ ______ ________ ___________________________________________ __ 1850-46, 65 cents
B in gh am ton , N.Y..—P a ., J u ly 1975____ ____________________________________________________ 1850-50, 65 cents
B irm in g h a m , A la ., M a r . 1975__________________________________________________________ __ Suppl.
F ree
B oston , M a s s ., A u g. 1975 1______________________ _____________________________________ ____ 1850-58, $1.05
B u ffa lo , N . Y ., O c t. 1975 1___________________________________________________________________ 1850-69, 95 cents
F ree
Canton, O h io, M a y 197 5 _______________________ ___________________________________________ Suppl.
C h a rle s to n , W . V a ., M a r . 1974 2 ___________________________________________ ;_____________ Suppl.
F ree
C h a rlo tte , N .C ., Jan. 1974 2 ______ _______ ___ __________________________________________ __ Suppl.
F ree
C h attan ooga, Ten n .—G a ., Sept. 1 9 7 5 *_____________________________________________________ 1850-67, 85 cents
C h ic a g o , 111., M a y 1975______________________________________________________________________ 1850-33, 85 cents
C in cin n a ti, O hio— y .—Ind., F e b . 1975 ____ _______________________________________ ________Suppl.
K
F ree
C le v e la n d , O h io, Sept. 1975________________________________________________________________ 1850-64, $1.30
C olu m bu s, O h io, O c t. 1974 ___________ ______________ ____________________ ________________ Suppl.
F ree
C orp u s C h r is ti, T e x ., J u ly 1975____ ____________________ ___ _____________________________ 1850-37, 65 cents
D a li a s - F o r t W orth , T e x ., O c t. 1975 1 ____________________________________________________ 1850-59, $1.50
D a v e n p o r t-R o c k Island—M o lin e , I o w a - I ll., F e b . 1975 ________________________ _______ Suppl.
F ree
D ayton , O h io, D e c . 19741_____________________ _________________ ___________________________ 1850- 14, 80 cents
_
D ayton a B each , F la ., A u g. 1975____ ________________ _________________ _________________ _ 1850-47, 65 cents
D e n v e r—B o u ld e r, C o lo ., D e c . 1974 1 ______ ___ ___________________________________________ 1850- 15, 85 cents
F ree
D es M o in e s , Iow a, M a y 1974 2 _____ _______________________________________________________ Suppl.
D e tr o it, M ic h ., M a r . 1975_____ _________________________ __________________________________ 1850-22, 85 cents
F o r t L a u d e r dal e -H o lly w o o d and W e s t P a lm B e a c h B o c a R a to n , F l a . , A p r . 1975 1________________________ _____________________________ ____ 1850-26, 80 cents
F r e s n o , C a lif., June 19751_________________________________________________________________ 1850-61, $1.20
G a in e s v ille , F la ., Sept. 1975____ _______ _ ______ __________ _____________ _____ _____ _______ 1850-57, $1.10
_
G re e n B a y, W is ., J u ly 1975 1 ________________________________________________ ______ ______ 1850-44, 80 cents
G re e n s b o ro — ins ton- S a lem — igh P o in t, N .C ., Aug. 1975__________________________ ___ 1850-49, 65 cents
W
H
G r e e n v ille , S .C ., June 1975______________________ ________________________________________ 1850-42, 65 cents
H a r tfo r d , Conn., M a r . 1975 1 _____________________________________ __ __________ ________ __ 1850-28, 80 cents
H ouston, T e x ., A p r . 1975________________________ ______________________ ___________________ Suppl.
F ree
F ree
H u n ts v ille , A la ., F e b . 1975 __________ _____________________ ___ ________________________ __ Suppl.
In d ia n a p o lis, Ind., O c t. 1975*______________________________ _______________________________ 1850-66, 95 cents
J a ck son , M is s ., F e b . 1975_____________________________________________ ____________________ Suppl.
F ree
J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., D e c . 1974 _____________________________________ ________________________Suppl.
F ree
K a n sa s C ity , M o.— a n s ., Sept. 1975___ ______ __________________________________________ 1850-55, 80 cents
K
L a w r e n c e - H a v e r h ill, M a s s N . H . , June 1974 2 _____________________ __________________ Suppl.
F ree
L e x in g to n - F a y e tte , K y ., N o v . 1974 __________________________________ _________________ _ Suppl.
_
F ree
L o s A n g e le s —Lon g B ea ch , C a lif., O c t. 1974 ___________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
L o u is v ille , K y*—Ind., N o v . 1974 1 ______________________________________ __________________ 1850-12, 80 cents
L u bbock, T e x ., M a r . 1974 2 _________________________ ___ ___________________ _ ____ _______ Suppl.
_
F ree
M e lb o u rn e —T it u s v ille - C o c o a , F la ., A u g. 1975___ _____________________________________ 1850-54, 65 cents
M e m p h is , Tenn*—A r k * - M is s ., N o v . 1974
__ ___ ______________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
M ia m i, F la ., O ct. 1974 __________ ____________________________________________ ____________ Suppl.
F ree
*
1
2
3

Prices are determined by the Government Printing Office and are subject to change.
Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
No longer surveyed.
To be surveyed.




A rea

B u lletin number
and p r ic e *

M idland and O d essa , T e x ., Jan. 19742 ____________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
M ilw a u k ee, W is ., A p r . 1975 1______________________________________ __ __________—------------- 1850-21, 85 cents
M in n ea p o lis—
St. P a u l, M inn.—W is ., Jan 19751 ____________________________________________ 1850-20, $1.05
M uskegon—M uskegon H eigh ts, M ic h ., June 1974 2 __ ______________________ ______________ Suppl.
F ree
N assau— u ffolk, N .Y ., June 1975 1_______________________________________________ __________ 1850-39, $1.00
S
N e w a rk , N .J ., Jan. 1 975 1-------------- --------------------------- ------------ ------------------------------- 1850- 18, $1.00
N e w a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N .J .. Jan. 1974 2 _______________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
N ew H aven, C onn., Jan. 1974 2 ______________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
F ree
N ew O rle a n s , L a ., Jan. 1975 ______________________________________ ______ __________________Suppl.
N ew Y o r k , N . Y .- N .J ., M a y 1975 1___________________________________________________________ 1850-45, $1.10
N ew Y o r k and N assau —
Suffolk, N .Y ., A p r. 1974 2 ________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
N o rfo lk —V ir g in ia Beach—P o rts m o u th , Va*—N .C ., M a y 1975 _________ __________________ 1850-29, 65 cents
N o rfo lk —V ir g in ia B each—P o rtsm o u th and N e w p o rt N ew s—
H am pton, V a .- N .C ., M a y 1975_____________________________________________________________ 1850-30, 65 cents
N o rth e a s t P e n n s y lv a n ia , A u g. 1975____ _____________________________________________________ 1850-52, 65 cents
O klah om a C ity , O k la ., A ug. 1975_______________________________________ ______ _____________ 1850-51, 75 cents
O m aha, N e b r .—Iow a, O ct. 1975______________________________________________________________ 1850-56, $1.10
P a te r s o n - C lifto n —P a s s a ic , N .J ., June 1975 1_____________________________________________ 1850-38, 80 cents
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a ^ N . J . , N o v . 1975__________________________________________________ ________ 1850-65, 85 cents
P h o en ix , A r i z . , June 1974 2 _________ ________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
P itts b u rg h , P a ., Jan. 1975 ______ _ ________________________________ _________________________Suppl.
_
F ree
P o rtla n d , M a in e, N o v . 1975_________________________________________________________________ 1850-72, 45 cents
P o rtla n d , O r e g .—W ash ., M a y 1975__ _______________________________________________________ 1850-40, 75 cents
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N .Y ., June 1975 1_______________________ _____________________________________ 1850-70, 65 cents
P ou g h k e e p s ie — in g s to n — ew b u rgh , N .Y ., Jane 1975 1
K
N
_________________ _________________ 1850-68, 75 cents
P r o v id e n c e —W a rw ick —P aw tu ck et, R .I*—M a s s ., June 1975 ______________________________ 1850-27, 75 cents
R a le ig h — urham , N .C ., F e b . 1975 _________________________________________________________ Suppl.
D
F ree
R ich m on d , V a ., June 1975______________________________________________...___ _________________ 1850-41, 65 cents
R o c k fo rd , 111., June 1974 2 __________ ______ _____________________ _____________________________ Suppl.
F ree
St. L o u is , Mo*—111., M a r . 1975 ___________________________________________________ ___ _______Suppl.
F ree
S a cra m en to , C a lif., D e c . 19741 __ _________________________________________________________ 1850- 19, 80 cents
Saginaw , M ic h ., N o v . 1975___________________________________________________________________ 1850-71, 35 cents
S alt L a k e C ity—O gden, U tah, N o v . 1974 ___ _______________________________ __ ___________ _Suppl.
F ree
San A n ton io, T e x ., M a y 1975 ________ ___________________________________________________ ___ 1850-23, 65 cents
San D ie g o , C a lif., N o v . 1974 1 _________ __________ ___________________ __ _____________ _______ 1850-13, 80 cents
San F r a n c is c o — akland, C a lif., M a r . 1975*_______________________________________________ 1850-35, $1.00
O
San J o s e , C a lif., M a r . 1975 1 ______________________________________________ __ ______________ 1850-36, 85 cents
Savannah, G a., M a y 1974 2 __ ___________________________________________ ____________________ Suppl.
F ree
S ea ttle—E v e r e t t , W ash ., Jan. 1975 __________ .
________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
F ree
South Bend, Ind., M a r . 1975 _____________ ________ ___________________________________________ Suppl.
Spokane, W ash ., June 1974 2 ____________ ___________ __ ____________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
S yra c u s e , N .Y ., Ju ly 1975__________ ____________________ _____________ ___ ___ _______________ 1850-43, 65 cents
T o le d o , O hio— ic h ., M a y 1975 1 ____ _______ _________ ______ ________________________________ 1850-34, 80 cents
M
T re n to n , N .J ., Sept. 1975 1 ___________________________________________________________________ 1850-60, $1.20
U tic a - R o m e , N .Y ., July 1975 1______________________________________________________________ 1850-48, 80 cents
W ash in gton , D .C *— d.—V a ., M a r . 1975 1_____ _ ____ ______________________ _____ __________ 1850-31, $1.00
M
_
W a te rb u ry , C onn., M a r . 1974 2 ___________________________________________ __ _______________ Suppl.
F ree
W e s tc h e s te r County, N .Y ., M a y 1975 1_____________________ ________________ _____ _________ 1850-53, 80 cents
W ic h ita , K a n s ., A p r . 1975__ _________________________________ _______________________________ Suppl.
F ree
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., M a y 19751 _____ ___ __ __________________________________________________ 1850-24, 80 cents
Y o r k , P a ., F e b . 19751 _______________________________________________________________________ 1850-32, 80 cents
Y o u n g s to w n -W a rre n , O h io, N o v . 1973 2 ______________ ______ ____________ _______ ___ ______Suppl.
F ree

THIRD CLASS MAIL

r

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
POSTAGE AND FEES PAID

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D C. 20212

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

OFFICIAL BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE $300

LAB-441

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S R E G IO N A L O FFICES
Region I

R e gion II

1603 J F K F ederal B u ild in g
G o v e rn m e n t C e n te r
B o sto n , Mass. 0 2 2 0 3
P h o n e :2 23-6 76 1 (A re a C o d e 61 7)

S u ite 3 40 0
1 51 5 B ro a d w a y
N e w Y o rk , N .Y . 100 3 6
P h o n e : 9 71-54 0 5 (A re a C o d e 21 2)

C o n n e c tic u t
M aine
M assachusetts
N e w H a m p sh ire
R h o d e Isla n d
V e rm o n t

N e w Jersey
N ew Y o rk
P u e rto R ic o
V ir g in Islands

R egion V
9 th F lo o r, 2 30 S. D e a rb o rn St.
C h icago, III. 606 04
P h o n e :3 5 3 - 1 8 8 0 (A re a C o d e 3 1 2 )
Illin o is
In d ia n a
M ic h ig a n
M in n e s o ta
O h io
W iscon sin




R e g io n V I

R e gion I II

R e g io n IV

P.O. B o x 13 309
P h ila d e lp h ia , Pa. 191 0 1
P h o n e : 5 9 6 -1 1 5 4 (A re a C o d e 2 15)
D e la w a re
D is tr ic t o f C o lu m b ia
M a ry la n d
P e n n s y lv a n ia
V irg in ia
W est V irg in ia

R e gion s V I I a n a V I I I

S e cond F lo o r
55 5 G r i f f in S quare B u ild in g
D allas, T e x . 752 02
P h o n e :7 4 9 -3 5 1 6 (A re a C o d e 21 4 )

F ed era l O ff ic e B u ild in g
911 W a ln u t S t , 15 th F lo o r
Kansas C ity ,, M o. 6 4 1 0 6
P h o n e : 3 7 4 - 248 1 (A re a C o d e 81 6 )

L o u is ia n a
•lew M e x ic o
O k la h o m a
T ex as

V II
Io w a
Kansas
M is s o u ri
N e bra ska

V III
C o lo ra d o
M o n ta n a
N o rth D a k o ta
S o u th D a k o ta
U ta h
W y o m in g

S u ite 54 0
1371 P eachtree St. N.E.
A tla n ta , Ga. 30309
P h o n e :5 26-541 8 (A re a C ode 404 )
A la b a m a
F lo rid a
G e orgia
K e n tu c k y
M is s is s ip p i
N o rth C a ro lin a
S o u th C a ro lin a
Tennessee
R e gion s IX and X
45 0 G o ld e n G ate Ave.
Box 36017
San F ra n c is c o , C a lif. 9 4 1 0 2
P h o n e :5 5 6 -4 6 7 8 (A re a C o d e 4 1 5 )
IX
A r iz o n a
C a lifo r n ia
H a w a ii
Nevada

X
A laska
Id a h o
O reg on
W a s h in g to n

U.S. MAIL


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102