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6 *7

AREA WAGE SURVEY
Buffalo, New York, Metropolitan Area
October 1975
B ulletin 1 8 5 0 - 6 9

DOCUfENT COLLECTION

APk a 1976
Cayton & Montgomery Co
Pnolie Library

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
_ _ Bureau of Labor Statistics

http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/
m 2
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

5 76




Preface
T h is b u lle tin p r o v id e s r e s u lt s o f an O c t o b e r 1975 s u r v e y o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s
and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e fit s in the B u ffa lo , N ew Y o r k , S ta n d a r d M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t is t ic a l
A r e a ( E r ie and N ia g a r a C o u n t ie s ).
T h e s u r v e y w a s m a d e a s p a r t o f th e B u r e a u o f L a b o r
S t a tis tic s ' annual a r e a w age s u rv e y p r o g r a m .
T h e p r o g r a m i s d e s ig n e d to y ie ld d a ta f o r
in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s , a s w e ll as n a t io n a l and r e g i o n a l e s t im a t e s f o r a ll S ta n d a rd
M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a s in the U n ited S t a te s , e x c lu d in g A la s k a a nd H a w a ii.
A m a j o r c o n s id e r a t io n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is th e n e e d t o d e s c r i b e th e
l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r ie t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s , th r o u g h th e a n a ly s is o f (1 ) th e
l e v e l and d is t r ib u t io n o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t io n , a nd (2 ) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t io n a l
c a t e g o r y and s k ill l e v e l .
T he p r o g r a m d e v e lo p s in fo r m a t io n th a t m a y b e u s e d f o r m a n y
p u r p o s e s , in c lu d in g w a g e and s a la r y a d m in is t r a t io n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a in in g , and a s s i s t a n c e
in d e t e r m in in g p la n t lo c a t io n .
S u r v e y r e s u lt s a l s o a r e u s e d b y th e U .S . D e p a r t m e n t o f
L a b o r to m a k e w a g e d e t e r m in a tio n s u n d e r the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t o f 1 9 6 5,
C u r r e n t ly , 83 a r e a s a r e in c lu d e d in the p r o g r a m . (S e e l i s t o f a r e a s on in s id e b a c k
c o v e r .)
In e a c h a r e a , o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s d a ta a r e c o l l e c t e d a n n u a lly .
I n fo r m a t io n on
e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e f it s is o b ta in e d e v e r y t h ir d y e a r .
E a c h y e a r a ft e r a ll in d iv id u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s h a v e b e e n c o m p le t e d , tw o s u m m a r y
b u lle tin s a r e i s s u e d . T h e f i r s t b r in g s to g e t h e r d a ta f o r e a c h m e t r o p o l it a n a r e a s u r v e y e d . T h e
s e c o n d s u m m a r y b u lle tin p r e s e n t s n a tio n a l and r e g io n a l e s t i m a t e s , p r o j e c t e d f r o m in d iv id u a l
m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a d a ta .
T h e B u ffa lo s u r v e y w as c o n d u c te d b y the B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o f f i c e in N e w Y o r k , N .Y .,
u n d e r the g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n o f T o n y F e r r a r a , A c t in g A s s i s t a n t R e g io n a l C o m m i s s i o n e r f o r
O p e r a t io n s . T h e s u r v e y c o u ld n o t h a v e b e e n a c c o m p l i s h e d w ith o u t th e c o o p e r a t i o n o f th e m a n y
f i r m s w h o s e w a g e and s a la r y da ta p r o v id e d th e b a s is f o r th e s t a t i s t i c a l in fo r m a t io n in th is
b u lle t in .
T h e B u re a u w is h e s to e x p r e s s s i n c e r e a p p r e c ia t io n f o r th e c o o p e r a t i o n r e c e i v e d .

Note:
R e p o r t s on o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s in th e B u ffa lo
a r e a a r e a v a ila b le f o r the m a c h in e r y ( F e b r u a r y 1 9 7 3 ), n u r s in g h o m e s (M a y 1 9 7 3), h o t e ls and
m o t e ls (Ju n e 1973), a u to d e a le r r e p a ir s h o p s (Ju n e 1 9 7 3), d e p a r t m e n t s t o r e s (S e p t e m b e r 1 9 7 3 ),
and flu id m i lk (O c t o b e r 1973) in d u s t r ie s . A l s o a v a ila b le a r e li s t i n g s o f u n io n w a g e r a t e s f o r
b u ild in g t r a d e s , p r in t in g t r a d e s , l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t in g e m p l o y e e s , l o c a l t r u c k d r i v e r s and
h e l p e r s , and g r o c e r y s t o r e e m p lo y e e s . F r e e c o p i e s o f t h e s e a r e a v a ila b le f r o m the B u r e a u 's
r e g io n a l o f f i c e s .
(S ee b a c k c o v e r f o r a d d r e s s e s . )

A R E A W A G E SURVEY

Bulletin 1 8 5 0 - 6 9

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, W. J. Usery, Jr., Secretary

March 1976

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTIC S, Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

B uffalo, N e w Y ork, M etropolitan A rea, October 1975
CONTENTS

Page

I n t r o d u c t i o n _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

2

T a b le s :
A.

B.

E a r n in g s :
A -l.
W e e k ly e a r n in g s o f o f f i c e w o r k e r s ______________________________________________________________________________________________
A - l a . W e e k ly e a r n in g s o f o f f i c e w o r k e r s — a r g e e s t a b lis h m e n t s ____________________________________________________________________
l
A -2 .
W e e k ly e a r n in g s o f p r o f e s s io n a l and t e c h n ic a l w o r k e r s ________________________________________________________________________
A - 2 a . W e e k ly e a r n in g s o f p r o f e s s io n a l and t e c h n ic a l w o r k e r s —l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s __________________________________________
A -3 ,
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f o f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n ic a l w o r k e r s , b y s e x _______________________________________
A - 3 a . A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f o f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n ic a l w o r k e r s , b y s e x —l a r g e e s t a b lis h m e n t s ____________
A -4 .
H o u r ly e a r n in g s o f m a in te n a n ce and p o w e r p la n t w o r k e r s _____________________________________________________________________
A - 4 a . H o u r ly e a r n in g s o f m a in te n a n ce and p o w e r p la n t w o r k e r s — a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s __________________________________________
l
A -5 .
H o u r ly e a r n in g s o f c u s t o d ia l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t w o r k e r s _______________________________________________________________
A - 5 a . H o u r ly e a r n in g s o f c u s t o d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t w o r k e r s —l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ___________________________________
A - 6 . A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f m a in te n a n c e , p o w e r p la n t , c u s t o d ia l, and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t w o r k e r s , b y s e x _______
A - 6 a . A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f m a in te n a n c e , p o w e r p la n t , c u s t o d ia l, and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t w o r k e r s ,
b y s e x — r g e e s t a b lis h m e n t s ______________________________________________________________________________________________________
la
A -7 .
P e r c e n t in c r e a s e s in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , a d ju s te d f o r e m p lo y m e n t s h if t s ..
E s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n ta r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s :
B - l . M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a la r ie s f o r in e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is t s and c l e r k s ____________________________________________________________
B - 2 . L a te s h ift p a y p r o v is io n s f o r f u ll- t i m e m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t w o r k e r s _______________________________________________________
B -3 .
S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s and d a ys o f f u l l - t i m e f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s __________________________________________________________
B -4 ,
A n n u a l p a id h o lid a y s f o r f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s _____________________________________________________________________________________
B - 4 a . I d e n t ific a t io n o f m a j o r p a id h o lid a y s f o r f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s __________________________________________________________________
B -5 .
P a id v a c a t io n p r o v is io n s f o r f u ll- t i m e w o r k e r s _________________________________________________________________________________
B -6 .
H e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s f o r f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s ________________________________________________________________

A p p e n d ix A .
A p p e n d ix B .




3
5
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
15
16
17
18

19
20
21
22
23
24
27

S c o p e and m e th o d o f s u r v e y ________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 29
O c c u p a t io n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s __________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 33

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington, D. C . 2 0 4 0 2 , GPO Bookstores, or
BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover. Price 95 cents. Make checks payable to Superintendent of Documents.

Introduction
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 83 in w h ic h th e U .S . D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r 's
B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s c o n d u c ts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s and
r e la t e d b e n e fit s on an a r e a w id e b a s i s . In th is a r e a , d a ta w e r e o b ta in e d
b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m is t s t o r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u s t r y d iv is io n s : M a n u fa c tu r in g ; t r a n s p o r ­
ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l
t r a d e ; f in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s . M a jo r in d u s tr y
g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s e s tu d ie s a re g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t io n s and th e
c o n s t r u c t io n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s t r ie s . E s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r than
a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itt e d b e c a u s e o f in s u ffic ie n t
e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d . S e p a r a t e ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d
f o r e a ch o f th e b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s w h ic h m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .
A - s e r i e s t a b le s
T a b le s A - 1 th ro u g h A - 6 p r o v id e e s t im a t e s o f s t r a ig h t -t im e
h o u r ly o r w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r w o r k e r s in o c c u p a t io n s c o m m o n to a
v a r ie t y o f m a n u fa c tu r in g and n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g in d u s t r ie s .
O c c u p a tio n s
w e r e s e le c t e d f r o m th e fo llo w in g c a t e g o r i e s : (a ) O f fic e c l e r i c a l , (b ) p r o ­
f e s s io n a l and t e c h n ic a l, ( c ) m a in te n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t , and (d) c u s t o d ia l
and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t.
In th e 31 l a r g e s t s u r v e y a r e a s , t a b le s A - l a
th ro u g h A - 6 a p r o v id e s im il a r data f o r e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g 500
w ork ers or m o re .
F o llo w in g th e o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e ta b le s is ta b le A - 7 w h ich
p r o v id e s p e r c e n t c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k ­
e r s , e l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g w o r k e r s , in d u s t r ia l n u r s e s , s k ille d




m a in te n a n c e w o r k e r s , and u n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s .
T h is m e a s u r e o f
w a g e tr e n d s e lim in a t e s c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s c a u s e d b y e m p l o y ­
m en t sh ifts a m on g e s t a b lis h m e n t s as w e l l as t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s
in c lu d e d in s u r v e y s a m p le s . W h e r e p o s s i b l e , d a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll
in d u s t r ie s , m a n u fa c tu r in g , and n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g . A p p e n d ix A d i s c u s s e s
th is w a g e tr e n d m e a s u r e .

B - s e r i e s t a b le s
T h e B - s e r i e s ta b le s p r e s e n t in fo r m a t io n on m in im u m e n t r a n c e
s a l a r i e s f o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; l a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v i s i o n s and p r a c t i c e s f o r
plaint w o r k e r s in m a n u fa c tu r in g ; and d a ta s e p a r a t e ly f o r p la n t a nd o f f i c e
w o r k e r s on s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s aind d a y s o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s ; p a id
h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a t io n s ; aind h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s .

A p p e n d ix e s
T h is b u lle tin has tw o a p p e n d ix e s .
A p p e n d ix A d e s c r i b e s th e
m e t h o d s aind c o n c e p t s u s e d in th e a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m . It p r o v i d e s
in fo r m a t io n on th e s c o p e o f th e a r e a s u r v e y a nd in fo r m a t io n on th e a r e a 's
in d u s t r ia l c o m p o s it io n in m a n u fa c t u r in g .
It a l s o p r o v i d e s in fo r m a t io n
on la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t c o v e r a g e .
A p p e n d ix B p r o v i d e s j o b
d e s c r i p t i o n s u se d b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s t o c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s in
o c c u p a t io n s f o r w h ich s t r a ig h t - t im e e a r n in g s in fo r m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d .

A. Earnings
Table A-1. W eekly earnings of office workers in Buffalo, N .Y ., October 1975
Weekly earnings
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workeis

weekly
hours*
(standard)

Me“ 2

Median *

*

Middle range 2

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—

1

70

and
under
75

i

$

75
“

80

$

85

T!

1
90

$
100

$

HO

I

120

s

130

$

140

s

150

i

160

$

17o

i

180

fl

190

-

~

80

i
200

i

220

-

$

240

-

i

260

-

f

280

-

300

and

85

9p

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

2bQ

-

~

7
~

3
“

3
*

10
7

ii
-

-

1
-

-

-

2
2
2

-

39
39
39

*

-

300 over

ALL WO RK ER S
$
$
$
$
39.5 187.00 197.50 14o.00-242.00
39.5 212.50 241.00 219.50-246.00
40.0 243.00 242.00 241.00-246.00

-

-

_
-

6
6

184.50
219.00
160.00
268.50

151.50-263.00
165.50-279.00
136.50-186.50
171.50-288.00

-

«
.
*

*

*

3
3
“

8
8
“

9
9
”

22
5
17
3

23
6
17
“

43
17
26
*

42
27
15

48
25
23
7

25
12
13
2

38
21
17
4

28
14
14
-

29
22
7
1
.

24
22
2
1

23
22
1
1

38
30
8
8

85
72
13
13

-

139.00
153.00
131.00
223.00
110.00

126.50
139.00
120.00
219.50
102.00

112.00-156.50
122.50-173.00
102.00-151.50
211.50-251.50
94.00-116.00

-

_
-

8
8

22
22

61
61

65
4
61

99
26
73

116
54
62

86
66
20

22
13
9
9

-

-

44

37

23

7

6

14
11
3
3

a
8
8

17

14
13
1
1

36
18
18
18

8

46
15
31
1
8

3
3
-

-

75
19
56
1
5

15
13
2
2

-

37
11
26
2
15

128
117

37.5 103.50
37.5 100.00

95.50
94.00

85.00-114.00
85.00-113.00

_

18
18

11
11

21
21

21
21

12
11

24
23

4
4

1
-

10
3

4
3

-

-

1
1

-

-

1
1

243
110
133

39.5 [152.50 145.00 124.50-181.00
39.5 170.50 166.50 145.00-187.50
39.5 138.00 126.50 lln.50-159.30

*

.

“

6
6

12
12

12
4
8

16
16

49
16
33

17
2
15

18
12
6

19
9
10

13
13
-

10
10
-

35
18
17

3
3
-

16
12
4

CLERKS, PA YR OL L ---------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

151
131

39.0 201.00 182.00 147.00-265.00
39.0 210.50 217.50 147.00-275.50

.

“

~

*

.
“

_
"

6
~

20
20

3
*

18
18

22
11

-

5
5

6
6

K E Y P U N C H OP ER AT OR S, CL A S S A -------MA NU F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PU B L I C U T IL IT IE S ---------------

310
215
95
28

39.5
40.0
38.0
39.0

176.00
184.00
158.50
201.50

170.00
172.50
160.00
215.50

147.00-215.50
155.00-229.50
131.50-175.00
170.00-217.00

*

*

-

*

4
4

7
7

9
1
8

5
1
4

30
18
12

29
21
8

34
32
2

35
20
15
6

54
37
17
4

12
12
-

K E Y P U N C H OPERATORS, CL AS S B -------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PU B L I C U T IL IT IE S ---------------

347
118
229
29

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.0

135.00
154.50
124.50
168.00

126.00
145.00
120.00
186.50

113.50-146.00
127.00-162.00
llO.00-133.00
152.50-194.50

-

-

56
5
51
4

80
27
53
3

S3
14
39
*

44
29
15
*

17
10
7
6

10
10

*

26
1
25
-

5
4
i
i

3
1
2
2

ME SS E N G E R S --------- ------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

154
60
94

38.5 116.50 107.00
90.00-137.00
39.0 132.00 131.00 106.00-148.50
9n . 00-113.50
38.0 106.50
94.00

S E CR ET AR IE S --------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------PU BLIC U T IL IT IE S --------------RE TAIL t r a d e --------------------

1.347
894
453
87
70

186.00 178.00 153.00-211.50
191.50 184.00 l56.50-21b.00
175.50 163.00 146.50-204.00
224.50 236.50 204.50-243.00
156.50 148.50 145.50-165.00

SE CR ET AR IE S, CLASS A -------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------

94
60

SECRET AR IE S. CLASS B -------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PU B L I C U T IL IT IE S ---------------

279
168
111
27

BILLERS. MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U BL IC U T IL IT IE S ---------------

82
54
41

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CL AS S A -------m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S ---------------

488
295
193
40

39.0
39.5
38.5
39.5

201.00
222.00
169.00
232.00

c l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s 8 -------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S --------------r e t a i l TRADE --------------------

727
266
461
45
170

39.0
39.5
38.5
39.0
39.0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------clerks, o r d e r

--------------- — ---- —
MA NU F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------




39.0
39.5
38.0
38.5
39.0

-

_
-

*

11
11
*

*

12
12
“

1
1

2
2

5
.
5

5
5

42
2
40

31
18
13

11
5
6

5
4
1

17
6
11

15
10
5

7
7
“

7
5
2

“

-

-

-

1
1

103
55
48

~

16
5
11
“
2

42
2o
22

*

7
2
5
2

2

9

129
72
57
”
20

157
99
58
5
14

145
99
46
3
4

2

-

11
1

12
7

3
1
2

10
1
9

19
12
7
1

38
25
13
3

~

1

39.0 209.00 210.50 161.50-232.50
39.5 223.50 224.50 20f).00-244.50
38.5
39.5
38.0
38.5

203.50
208.50
196.50
215.00

191.00
194.50
185.00
204.50

170.00-225.00
174.50-226.50
166.50-218.00
183.50-266.50

_

-

*

-

*

-

-

-

-

*

“

*

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

12
9
3

-

.

.

-

5
2
3

-

-

-

ii
ii

13
13

7
7

8
8

32
32

-

2
2
~

16
5
11
11

62
57
5
5

7
5
2
2

4
4
-

-

11

2

9
9

8
6

_
_

-

_

-

_

11
11

2
2

-

3

_

_

_
-

2
2

1
1

-

-

3

93
60
33
3
2

104
70
34
4
6

101
84
17
5
2

162
118
44
13
4

-

10
4

4
1

32
18
14
3

33
18
15
3

23
13
10
2

-

-

_

-

_
-

-

-

-

102
67
35
28

83
64
19
13
1

42
23
19
11
1

28
26
2
-

32
30
2
2
-

18
13

15
15

10
10

7
5

3
3

2
1

43
29
14
5

25
22
3
-

12
5
7
1

19
4
15
9

10
8
2
-

12
12

-

-

-

Weekly earnings
(standard)
Number
of
woikeis

1

N u m b e r of worker
s

S

s

S

$
85

Mean

*

Median *

Middle range*

70
and
under

75

..75

Occupation and industry division

weekly
hours1
(standard

BO

ft5

90

-

80

t
90

receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
s

100

110

120

1

$

130

140

150

160

$
170

180

190

*

200

S

i

220

240

260

s
280

300
and

iaa_ n o

120

130

140

150

16JL 170

180

190

200

220

240

260

28J

300 over

ALL WO RK ER S—
CONT IN UE D
SECRETARIES

- CO NTINUED

secretaries.

CLASS C -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----- ---------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------— ------

533
349
184
45

39.0
39.5
38.5
38.5

$
$
$
$
193.50 185.00 157.00-225.50
199.50 192.50 161.00-238.50
181.50 170.00 15?.50-211.50
233.50 236.50 22 5.00-243.00

-

-

-

-

SECRETARIES. CLASS D -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

441
317
124

39.0 161.50 152.50 138.50-186.50
39.5 167.50 157.50 142.00-192.00
38.5 146.00 144.50 130.00-152.00

.
-

.
-

.
-

*

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL -------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

595
283
312

38.5 149.00 139.00 124.00^-170.00
39.5 158.00 149.50 133.50-179.00
38.0 140.50 131.50 116.50-150.00

*

-

.
-

STENOGRAPHERS. SENIOR --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

508
247
261

39.0 168.50 164.00 145.00-187.00
39.5 183.00 180.00 161.00-217.50
38.5 155.00 151.50 139.00-173.00

-

_
-

SWITCHBOARD O P ER AT OR S --------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

128
84

38.5 146.50 140.00 115.00-175.00
38.0 131.00 137.00
99.00-151.00

-

SWITCHBOARD OPER AT OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS MA NUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

261
119
142

39.0 132.00 122.00 115.00-142.50
39.0 139.50 130.00 l2o.00-157.00
96.50-137.00
39.0 125.50 120.00

TYPISTS. CLASS A --------------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------

253
118
135

TYPISTS. CLASS B --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------------------------PUBLIC u t i l i t i e s -------------------------------

480
232
248
29

t r a n s c r i b i n g -m a c h i n e

-

•
-

1
1
-

7
1
6

37
15
22
-

40
26
14

58
35
23
2

70
47
23

34
18
16
-

38
25
13
1

30
27
3
-

70
47
23
6

52
26
26
22

51
40
11
11

12
10
2
2

15
15
-

i
i

7
2
5

15
5
10

35
19
16

61
39
22

79
45
34

69
51
18

25
20
5

27
24
3

23
23
-

44
43
1

31
29
2

10
4
6

10
9
1

4
4
-

-

-

10
10

46
18
28

69
12
57

86
30
56

93
42
51

74
43
31

28
18
10

38
26
12

34
26
8

24
18
6

8
6
2

67
28
39

4
4
-

13
11
2

i
i

_
-

-

2
2

5
5

16
3
13

36
15
21

42
15
27

58
10
48

57
15
42

73
47
26

58
18
40

56
34
22

19
11
8

23
20
3

53
52
1

3
2
1

7
5
2

-

6
6

.
-

7
7

10
10

7
7

4
3

4
3

15
12

20
14

10
6

6
5

13
1

8
2

1
“

13
8

"

3
-

1
-

-

_

-

_
-

11
11

3
3

25
25

14
6
8

30
19
11

68
34
34

41
16
25

9
9

6
6
-

19
7
12

12
8
4

13
10
3

1
1
-

1
1
-

1
1

7
2
5

“

*

-

38.5 141.00 128.00 107.50-163.50
39.5 1 6 5 . 5 0 158.50 133.50-183.50
37.5 120.00 108.00 103.00-123.00

16

56

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

16

56

35
10
25

28
14
14

19
12
7

11
10
1

18
18
-

13
9
4

12
11
1

8
7
1

2
2
-

21
11
10

10
10
-

3
3
-

1
1
*

38.5
39.5
37.5
38.0

2

21

34
3
31
1

55
19
36

99
47
52
7

92
52
40

70
41
29
2

32
20
12
1

32
22
10
3

14
14

11
9
2
2

11
4
7
7

2

4

-

-

-

-

•
-

18
17
1
1
_
_
-

-

operators.

See footnotes at end of tables.




126.00
133.50
119.50
162.00

123.50
128.00
115.00
175.00

H O . 00-138.50
115.00-146.50
102.50-130.00
115.00-187.50

-

-

-

-

2

21

-

-

2
2

1
1
-

4
4

.
-

-

.
-

_
-

Weekly earnings
(standard)
Number
of
workers

1

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$

Average
weekly

s

$

$

85

$

s

(standard]

Median

*

Middle range*

75

80

85

90

100

-

-

-

-

-

3

6

9

3
3

16
16

49
49

52
2
50

39
11
28

80

90

loo

S

S

70
and
under
75

Occupation and industry division

no

120

130

140

$

s
150

160

170

180

190

s

200

$

s

220

240

$

260

$

280

300
and

no

i2o

_130_ H O
_

185__ 190

150

160

170

8

16
6
10

21
6
15

18
8
10

19
13
6

12
9
3

34
11
23

24
16
8

32
11
21

29
2
27

37
7
30

5
5

200

220

240

260

280

300

over

25
19
6

9
9
-

13
11
2

12
10
2

21
20
1

38
30
8

83
70
13

.
.

3
3
-

5
4
1

32
14
18

14
11
3

22
13
9

a
•
8

•
•

.

ALL WO RK ER S
CLERKS, AC COUNTING, CLASS A
MA NU F A C T U R I N G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------

313
211
102

—

CLERKS, ACCOUN TI NG , CLASS B —
MA N U F A C T U R I N G -----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------- --------

$
$
$
$
39.5 217.50 218.50 158.50*281.00
39.5 238.50 258.00 185.50-289.00
38.5 174.00 149.50 129.50*197.00

404
no
294

38.5 145.50 133.50 106.00-167.00
39.5 172.00 161.50 133.00-210.50
38.5 136.00 120.00 100.50-159.00

_

-

-

-

-

3

6

-

9

-

.

30
CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C ------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------- —

72
62

37.5 108.50
37.0 103.00

88.00-123.50
88.00-116.00

-

8
8

CLERKS, ORDER ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------- --™

73
61

38.5 169.00 178.50 147.00-188.00
39.0 183.00 181.00 170.50-198.00

_
-

-

K E YP UN CH OP ER AT OR S, CLASS A ___ - ___
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------- -—
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------- --- ----

254
174
80

39.5 182.00 175.00 15 ?.50-229.SO
40.0 192.00 178.50 156.00-229.50
38.0 160.00 157.50 l3o.00-175.00

K E YP UN CH O P ER AT OR S, CLASS U
MA N U F A C T U R I N G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

183
79
104

39.0 145.50 136.00 120.00-161.50
39.5 164.50 149.00 135.50-171.50
38.5 131.00 125.00 109.50-137.00

M E SS EN GE RS -----------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

104
52
52

38.5 122.50 110.00
97.00-144.00
39.0 133.50 133.00 105.50-152.00
37.5 111.50 100.00
89.50-136.50

-

-

.

-

1

2

5

S E C R ET AR IE S ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------

1,003
656
347
59
63

39.0 191.00 186.00 155.00-220.50
39.5 200.50 196.50 163.50-229.00
38.0 172.50 161.00 14?.00— 200.50

-

_
-

•

-

39.0 155.50

148.50 141.00-162.50

-

58

39.5 230.50 226.00 210.00-251.00

-

SE CR ET AR IE S, CL AS S B ----- --- ---M A NU FA CT UR IN G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------

183
112
71

39.0 213.50 201.00 175.00-234.50
39.5 223.50 213.00 184.00-242.00
38.0 197.00 195.50 167.00-218.00

SECRET AR IE S, CL AS S C ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------- ------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------PU B L I C UT I L I T I E S _____

425
279
146
34

39.0 196.50 191.50 157.50-236.50
39.5 205.00 200.00 167.00-243.00
38.5 180.00 168.00 14s.50-209.50
38.5

SECRET AR IE S, CL AS S D ----MA N U F A C T U R I N G ------------- --------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------- -- -- ---

337
220
117

39.0 165.00 155.50 139.00-192.00
39.5 175.50 178.50 155.00-199.50
38.5 145.00 143.50 130.00-150.00

382
200
182

39.0 153.00 142.00 124.00-178.00
39.5 161.00 149.50 135.50-180.50
38.0 144.50 133.00 114.00-164.00

—

R E TA IL TRADE ------------ —
SECR ET AR IE S, CLASS A -----

ST EN OG RA PH ER S, G E NE RA L ----MA N U F A C T U R I N G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------

* W o rk er s w e r e distributed as follows:




97.00
95.00

-

-

0

15
1
-

10
3

3

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
5

4
4
2
2

2
2

5
4

4
4

3
3

10
10

18
18

3
3

12
12

1
1

-

2
2

-

-

17
7
10

23
15
?

28
26
2

15
6
9

47
34
13

12
12

2
2

16
5
11

62
57
5

7
5
2

4
4
-

-

-

5
4
1

3
1
2

11

2

9
9

8
8

11

2

-

-

3

2
2

10
10

16
16

-

5
-

6
-

-

-

4

6

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

6

7

4
1
3

2

12

17
4
13

31
9
22

26
9
17

24
20
4

9
4
5

10
10
7
5
2

-

-

3

80
49
31

71
45
26

67
53
14

87
73
14

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

2

-

12

14
1
13

1

2

5

5
5

14
2
12

24
15
9

7
4
3

3
2
1

10
6
4

13
8
5

7
7

-

-

1
1

6
1
5

16
5
11

29
8
21

81
38
43

81
32
49

97
56
41

-

-

-

1

2

2

2

9

20

10

3

1

6

2

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

1

-

-

5

2

4
1
3

11
6
5

18
8
10

21
9
12

9
7
2

_

-

_

-

-

96
63
33

71
61
10

33
19
14

22
22
—

32
30
2

1

1

-

11

15

10

7

3

2

20
11
9

30
19
11

24
21
3

9
5
4

14
4
10

8
8
-

12
* 12

11
11

18
17
1
1

-

-

133
101
32

.
-

-

-

-

1
•
1

7
1
6

32
15
17

32
18
14

39
19
20

41
25
16

26
14
12

31
22
9

24
21
3

61
46
15

47
23
24
20

45
39
6

10
8
2

1

6
1
5

15
5
10

22
7
15

44
22
22

45
13
32

46
30
16

21
16
5

24
22
2

22
22
-

41
40
1

31
29
2

10
4
6

7
7

2
2
-

25
3
22

36
7
29

48
20
28

63
42
21

45
29
16

18
14
4

33
23
10

10
9
1

15
15

8
6
2

55
16
39

4
A

11
11

1
1

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

_
-

_
-

10

_
-

_

1 at $300 to $320; 5 at $320 to $340; and 6 at $340 to $360.

-

-

-

-

10

_

_

.

-

•

-

-

-

1
1

_

.
-

3
1
2

-

-

9
9

3
3

_

8

-

Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number

Occupation and industry division

of

(standard]

*

$

Average
weekly

70
M '1" '

Median *

Middle range 2

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
S
S
s
$
$
$
S

S

s

s

S

$

T

s----

75

80

85

90

100

n o

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

300

eg

85

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

28g

300

over

•

and
under
75

ALL WORKERS-CO NTINUED

S

$

288

3 9 .0

$
1 7 6 .5 0

$
1 7 3 .0 0

$

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ---------------

1 4 b . 0 0 -2 0 6 .0 0

-

.

•

-

5

12

14

26

23

23

30

33

37

8

20

47

3

7

•

NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

148

3 8 .i

1 5 5 .5 0

1 5 4 .5 0

13a . 5 0 -1 7 4 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

5

12

14

17

19

16

20

19

13

7

2

1

1

2

-

81
53

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

1 5 2 .5 0
1 3 8 .5 0

1 5 2 .5 0
1 3 7 .0 0

1 2 1 .0 0 -1 8 5 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0 -1 6 2 .5 0

6

1

1
-

11
8

3

2

8
2

1

3

5
4

3

2

11
8

10

-

4
4

4

-

6
6

4

*

7
7

3

-------------------------------------

-

-

o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t i o n i s t s -

51

3 9 .0

1 4 1 .0 0

1 3 4 .5 0

1 0 6 .0 0 -1 7 4 .0 0

-

-

-

-

10

8

4

2

4

1

5

-

7

6

1

1

-

2

-

TYPISTS, CLASS A -------------------------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G — — — - — — -------— —
NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -------------------------------------

178
92
86

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

1 4 5 .5 0
1 6 4 .0 0
1 2 6 .0 0

1 3 1 .0 0
1 5 8 .5 0
1 1 4 .0 0

1 1 4 .0 0 -1 7 2 .5 0
1 2 9 .0 0 -1 8 0 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0 -1 3 5 .5 0

-

-

22
-

3

1
1

4

1

-

17
7
10

3

22

12
11
1

8
8

14

7
-

•

-

5
1

7

-

19
12
7

7

-

22
14
8

6

-

28
10
18

8

-

14
-

11

-

TYPISTS, CLASS B -------------------------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------------------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------------------------

271
128
143

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

1 3 1 .5 0
1 4 2 .0 0
1 2 2 .5 0

1 3 1 .0 0
1 4 2 .5 0
1 2 1 .0 0

1 1 2 .0 0 -1 4 9 .0 0
1 2 8 .5 0 -1 5 6 .5 0

-

_
•

-

2

14
-

47
17
30

40
26
14

32
20
12

9
9

22

27
11
16

14
14

14

17
3
14

22

2

SWITCHBOARD OPER AT OR S -------------------------------nonmanufacturing
switchboard

1 0 A .0 0 - 1 3 7 .0 0

_

27
5

32
10

7

7

2

7




-

2

1
1

•

"

See footnotes at end of tables.

-

Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number
of
workere

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—

i

$

i

s

S

s

S

S

5

$

i

i

S
>

5

5
>

%

S

$

$

S

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

440

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

440

over

1

weekly
(standard

150

140

Occupation and industry division

140

1
-

5

3
1

10
4

10
5

10
6

19
13

16
15

4
4

1
1

38
38

1
1

-

1
1

1
1

“

*

-

-

12
12

23
5
18

34
17
17

22
13
9

27
17
10

8
2
6

15
5
10

11
7
4

7
7
“

8
5
3

5
2
3

4
4
“

4
4
“

4
4
"

-

-

-

-

_
-

1

130
Median *

Middle range*

U n der

$
130

and
u n d er

and

ALL WORKERS
CO MP U T E R OPERATORS. CL AS S A -------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

121
90

$
$
$
$
39.5 234.50 220.00 190.00-299.00
40.0 252.00 248.00 209.50-299.00

-

-

C O MP UT ER OPERATORS, CLASS B -------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

195
92
103

39.0 193.00 177.50 160.50-202.00
39.5 214.00 184.50 174.50-254.30
38.5 174.00 164.50 l5o.00-192.00

7
7

4
-

C O MP UT ER PROGRAMMERS.
BUSINESS. CLASS A ---- -------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

138
58
80

39.0 292.00 288.50 258.50-319.50
39.5 306.50 290.00 261.50-353.00
38.0 281.00 288.50 2 5 l .00-313.50

”

“

“

COMP UT ER PR OG RA MM ER S.
BUSINESS, CLASS B ------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------

224
180

39.0 229.00 226.00 203.50-257.50
39.0 225.50 225.00 200.00-251.00

_

_

_

”

~

“

C O MP UT ER SY ST EM S ANALYSTS.
BUSINESS. CLASS A ------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

114
62
52

39.5 344.50 339.00 319.00-380.50
40.0 351.50 343.00 32?.50-37d.u0
39.0 335.50 336.00 309.00-384.00

COMP UT ER S Y ST EM S ANALYSTS.
BUSINESS. CL AS S B ------------------MA NU F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

118
57
61

39.5 290.50 296.00 269.00-316.00
40.0 294.00 296.50 271.50-311.00
39.0 287.00 288.50 251.50-326.30

DRAFTERS, CL AS S A -------------------MA NU F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

363
281
82

39.5 289.50 280.00 2 3 » .00-309.30
39.5 296.50 290.00 238.00-350.50
40.0 265.00 277.50 244.00-290.00

-

-

-

-

“

-

DRAFTERS, CL AS S B -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

343
239
104

39.5 239.50 234.00 205.50-273.30
39.5 241.50 234.00 204.00-276.00
39.5 234.50 230.00 22o.00-273.30

-

-

-

-

-

DRAFTERS. CL AS S C -------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

170
110
60

40.0 186.00 178.50 160.00-214.00
39.5 177.00 175.00 149.50-186.30
40.0 202.50 214.00 170 .50-229.00

9
8
1

E L EC TR ON IC S TE CH NI CI AN S ------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

458
104

40.0 288.50 301.50 296.00-301.50
40.0 244.00 227.00 19*.00— 301.00

-

E L E C TR ON IC S TE CH NI CI AN S, CLASS At
M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

4

_

_

*

2
2

3
3

8
3
5

7
3
4

18
7
11

20
10
10

23
13
10

21
3
18

10
2
8

8
3
5

6
3
3

1
1

1

10
10

4
4

14
13

19
13

58
46

42
39

30
27

22
14

18
9

5
5

1

1
*

-

-

4

1

3

_

-

3

_

-

*

-

4

1

4
2
2

17
11
6

28
16
12

19
10
9

9
8
1

19
9
10

“

_

6
6

4
4
*

“

-

-

.
4
3
1

”

*

“

4

9
2
7

14
9
5

9
5
4

30
17
13

25
16
9

18
3
15

7
4
3

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

2

-

2

24
17
7

66
60
6

57
44
13

30
17
13

38
10
28

58
46
12

10
10

16
16
-

25
25

8
8
-

6
6
-

12
12

1
1

_

_

_

5
2
3

i
i

_

-

4

1

3
2
1

4
i
3

10
7
3

20
13
7

23
22
1

48
38
10

73
43
30

42
30
12

86
49
37

11
11

-

10
10

17
16
1

12
8
4

4
i
3

23
17
6

22
20
2

18
16
2

8
3
5

22
9
13

16
16

7
4
3

9
5
4

2
2

1
1

-

-

-

“

”

4
4

9
8

9
8

16
12

10
9

24
13

12
7

16
11

32
6

258
20

-

65
5

1
1

_

_
-

16
16

6
6

_

_

3
1

-

-

-

-

40.0 265.50 266.00 206.00-309.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

6

6

5

2

3

18

4

1

-

-

-

-

160

40.0 282.50 297.50 226.00-338.00

-

-

-

-

4

8

8

6

1

18

4

9

25

18

57

2

-

-

-

-

-

no

309.50 338.00 297.50-338.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

11

1

-

22

16

56

2

-

-

-

-

-

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) --M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

133
122

39.5 236.00 230.00 205.50-270.50
40.0 239.50 230.50 211.50-272.30

-

-

1

-

6

1
1

2
1

12
12

29
22

31
30

12
12

12
12

18
18

5
5

4
4




o
o

53

E L EC TR ON IC S TECHNICIANS. CLASS Bn o n m a n u f a c t u r ING t
PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S ---------------

5

_

_

'

-

Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard]

120
Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range2

$

$

130

$

S
1A0

150

$

160

I

170

S

$

180

190

S
200

220

s

S

I

$

2A0

260

280

%

$

300

320

s

%
3A0

360

380

I

400

$

A20

and
under
130

ALL WORKERS

$

%

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A ----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------

100
79

39.5 2AA.50 227.50 20 A.50-299.00
A 0 .0 260.50 285.50 223.00-299.00

_

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

121
56
65

39.0 203.50 183.00 162.00-251.00
A 0 .0 23A. 00 218.00 183.00-281.00
38.5 177.50 168.00 151.50-195.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NMANUFACTURING -----------------

112
56
56

38.5 292.50 288.50 260.00-319.50
39.5 308.00 290.50 26).00-358.50
38.0 276.50 288.00 2 5 9 . 00 -3 09 .So

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ------------------NO NMANUFACTURING -----------------

101
7A

39.0 238.50 2A0.00 203.50-268.00
38.5 237.00 2A1.00 2l0.50-26A.00

440
and

ia <
l

150 _ U U L

n o

gap

190

200

220

2A0

260

280 - 3 0 H

??0

3A0

360

380

^00

_A2Q

AA0

3

3

5

“

3

8
A

17
11

1A
1A

A
A

1
1

38
38

1
1

-

1
1

1
1

-

*

-

1

1A
10
A

A
2
2

13
3
10

2
2
”

7
7
”

6
5
3

5
2
3

A
A
~

A
A
-

4
4
-

-

_
*

-

-

-

1

2
2

3
3

8
3
5

4
3
1

10
7
3

18
8
10

23
13
10

15
3
12

9
2
7

5
3
2

3
3
-

1
1
■

6
6
*

A
4

1

10
6

10
3

1A
12

23
21

20
1A

8
5

2
2

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11

1

1A

16

1
*

2

*

5
5

4
A

6
“
6

10
2
8

21
9
12

10
2
8

*

*

*

“

“

-

*

2
2

A
A

6

“

5

over

-

-

-

-

-

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
3A0.50

J

* U

10

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ---------------------------------------

66

39.5 287.50 296.00 265.00-307.00

“

"

*

*

“

“

A

6

5

7

16

19

3

4

1

DRAFTERS, CLASS A ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

207
201

A 0 .0 319.50 309.50 265.00-369.00
AO.O 320.50 309.50 265.00-371.00

-

-

-

-

-

.

-

-

*

*

*

*

*

*

8
8

19
19

17
17

17
15

1A
10

A5
A5

10
10

16
16

25
25

DRAFTERS, CLASS B ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

179
1A3

1

A O .O

1
1

8
7

5
3

8
8

17
16

9
8

19
17

77
A9

11
11

10
10

12
12

1
1

11

1

10

3

10

16

7

9

2

1

-

-

1

12
8

10
9

2A
13

12
7

13
10

2A
6

3A
15

9
5

1
1
1

65

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------

109
101

See footnotes at end of tables.




-

“
1

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

1

~

*

“

*

270.00 279.00 225.50-309.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

6

6

8

b

7

16

8

39.5 2A0.50 231.00 211.50-270.50
39.5 2AA.50 232.00 211. 50-279.50

-

-

1

_

1

1
1

2
1

8
8

26
22

2A
23

11
11

10
10

16
16

5
5

4
4

o

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS, CLASS A-

_

*

267.00 278.50 225.50-301.50
260.00 261.00 225.50-309.50

A O .O
A O .O

O

1A1
7A

o

ELECTRONICS TE CHNICIANS ------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------

-

2

o

DRAFTERS, CLASS C --------------------

73

39.5 258.50 273.50 230.50-276.00
258.00 271.00 22 A . 50-276.00

*

2 1 A . 00 216.50

I8l.50-2A7.50

"

-

*

i

8
8

6
6

16
16

6
6

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_
-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

A verage
(m ean2 )

Average
(m ean *)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

of

Weaklv
hours
standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

O F FI CE OC C U P A T I O N S - HEN
158
120
61

$
39.5 236.00
39.5 251.00

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
woiken

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

O F FI CE O C CU PA TI ON S W O M E N — C O NT IN UE D
S E C R E T A R IE S

—

$

94
60

39.0 209.00
39.5 223.50

279
168
111

SECRETARIES* c l a s s c

533
349

74

39.5 181.50
, -

330
175
32

^

07 /

£ 4 .

rn
j 0

rILL f

LL

Aj j

v

•

$
39.5 232.50
38.5 173.00

CO MP U T E R PR OG RAMMERS,
53
72

39.5

153

□Ub iN u b b t

SECRETARIES* CLASS D

441
317

39.5 224.00 s t e n o g r a p h e r s * G E NE RA L

594
283
508

38.5 146.50

manufacturing

38.5 129.50
39.0 218.50
39.0 110.00

126
115

37.5 103.50 s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s
37.5 100.00

161.50
CO MP U T E R SY ST EM S ANALYSTS,

NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G
-----------------------------------

39 5
s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t i o n i s t s 39.0 162.00
M A NU FA CT UR IN G —1
39.5 121.50

261
119

39.5 175.00 TYPISTS* CLASS A
184.00
38.0 152.00

342
118

39^5 191|50

“

39.0 132.00
39.0 139.50

144.00

38.5 109.50

894

L
>

199.50

E L EC TR ON IC S TECHNI CI AN S, CLASS At

39*0 168 00

92

vL Aj j

39.0 135.00

29

292.00

***00 "0
244.00

30 5 16C *"0 T R A N SC RI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
38.0 173.00

300
215
85

106

234.00
UHAr 1 L K b *

79

108

A

38.5 155.00

128
84

1/LAj j

39.0 168.50

261

39.0
38e5

—
——
—
——
-------------------------------------------------

39.0 137.50

10'*
82
100

227.50

38.5 149.00
39.5 158.00
140.50

39.0 184.50
40.0 202.50

679

tLtK M ? f

137
59
78

C O MP UT ER SY ST EM S ANALYSTS,

431
37
160

1Hw

Weakly ^
(standard)

C O MP UT ER PR OG RA MM ER S*

N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG t

• u 1A l w
t

--------------------------------------------------

39.0 193.50
39.5 199.50

---------------------

O F FI CE O C C U P A T I O N S - WOMEN
(BILLING

MA N U F A C T U R I N G

38.5 203.50
39.5 208.50
38.0 196.50

manufacturing

Weekly
hour* 1
standard)

PR OF ES S I O N A L AND T E CH NI CA L
OC C U P A T I O N S - ME N — C O NT IN UE D

SECRETARIES* CLASS B — — — — — —
M A NU FA CT UR IN G — —— • • • • • —— —
NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G — — — — —

BILLERS, M A CH IN E

Sex, occupation, and industry division

CONTINUED

39.5 191.00

62

Average
(m ean2 )
Number
of
worker*

141.00
135

37.5 120.00

E L EC TR ON IC S TECH NI CI AN S, CLASS B-

156

nonmanufacturingi

messengers

—

-------------------------------------------------------------

1 AK 1

manufacturing

--------------------------------------------------

224*50
r T t l H X»

1 1, S

106

P R O F ES SI ON AL AND TECH NI CA L
O C CU PA TI ON S - WOMEN
PR OF ES S I O N A L AND TE CHNICAL
O C CU PA TI ON S - MEN

_

55

N O T E : Earnings data in table A- 3 relate only to workers whose sex identification w a s provided by the establishment.
to all workers in an occupation. (See appendix A for publication criteria.)




40.0 ■-39.00

231.00

Earnings data in tables A - 1 and A-2,

on the other hand,

relate

Table A -3a. Average w eekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by s e x large establishments in Buffalo, N .Y ., October 1975
A verage
(m ean 2 )

A venge
(m ean2 )

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
worker*

Weekly
hour* *
(standard]

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

OF FI CE O C CU PA TI ON S - MEN
97

$
2A8.50
3 9 I 5 258.00

------------------------------------

3 9 . 0 199.00
A 0 . 0 221.50
38.0 167.50

365
98
267
31
126

38.5
39.5
38.5
39.0
38.5

70

SECRETARIES - CONTINUED

CO MPUTER OP ER AT OR S*

196.50
205.00
180.00

39.0

16S.00
175.50

382

39 .0

153.00
161.00
144.50

182

Weekly
hours 1
standard)

Weekly
earnings ^
(standard)

$
245.50
94

NONMANUFACTURING

— —

— — — —

38.0

50

172.50

CO MPUTER PR OG RA MM ER S*
M A NU FA CT UR IN G —

---------- ----------------------------------

CO MPUTER PR OG RA MM ER S*
BUSINESS. CL AS S B --------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ————— — — — ——

CO MPUTER SY ST EM S AN ALYSTS.
BUSINESS* CLASS B — ——
—

78

39 .0

247.50
244.50

76

39 .5

342.50

56

39.5 289.00

134

260.00
40.0 260.00

39 .0

182
79
103

39.0 1A5.50
39.5 164.50
38.5 131.00

62

38.5 115.50
39.0
39.5
38.0
38.5

191.00
200.50
172.50
236.00

r -

svnr-rr-, »
■
*

81

SW IT CH BO AR D OP ER AT OR - R E C E P T I O N I S T S -

38.5 152.50
138.50

51

39.0 141.00

178
NON M A NU FA CT UR IN G —

— —

TYPISTS* CLASS B — — — — —
M A N U FA CT UR IN G —— — — —
n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -—
—

38.5 145.50
164.00

271
128

DRAFTERS* CLASS B — — — — — —
m a n u F ACT uR ING — — — — — — — — — — —
— ——

68

40.0 212.00

141
74

DRAFTERS. CL AS S C -------------------ELECTR ON IC S TE C H N I C I A N S

40.0 26 7.00

65

40.0 270.00

107

39.5 240.00
39.5 243.50

38.5 131.50
39.5 142.00

— — —
—
—
— — —
— —

— — —

176.50
40.0 198.50

E L E C TR ON IC S TE CH NI C I A N S . CL AS S A-

39.5 230.50

See footnotes at end of tables.




Number
of
worker*

CL AS S A

CO MPUTER SY ST EM S ANAL YS TS *
--~
i»

38.0 160.50

58

$
213.50
223.50
197.00

337

288
140
148

39.5 180.50
A 0 .0 192.00
38.0 152.00

1*003
656
347
59

3 9 .0
39 .5

37.5 108.50
103.00

61

CLASS 8 --------

425
279

39 .0
3 9 .5

NONMa NUFa c t u r i n g

1A3.00
168.00
13A . 00
230.00
112.00

244
174
70
KEYPUNCH OPERATORS.

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

PR O F E S S I O N A L AND T E CH NI CA L
O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN

183
112

196
1 1A
82

Weekly
hours 1
[standard)

OF FI CE O C CU PA TI ON S WO M E N — CONT IN UE D

OF FI CE O C CU PA TI ON S - WOMEN

PU BLIC U T IL IT IE S

Number
of
worker*

Earnings data in table A - 3 a relate only to workers wh os e sex
identification w a s provided by the establishment. Earnings data in
tables A - 1 a and A-2a, on the other hand, relate to all workers in
an occupation. (See appendix A for publication criteria.)

NURSES.

IN UU ST KI AL

(REGISTERED)

---

Hourly eamings3
Number
of
workers

Occupation and industry division

Mean 2 Median*

Middle range 2

N u m b e r of workers receiving 3traight-time hourly earnings of-*
i
i
s
%
S
s
%
S
S
$
$
S
I
$
$
$
$
$
i
$
5
3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5 00 5 •20 5 •40 5.60 5.8o 6.00 6 . 2o 6 .40 6 .60 6 .80 7.00 7.20 7.40 7.60 7.80 8.00 8.20
and
and
under
o
o

4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5 .20 5 .40 5 .60 5.80 6.00 6.20 6.40 6 ,60 6 . 8 0

7 .00 7,20 7.40 7.60 7.80 8.00 6.20 over

ALL WORKERS
BO IL ER TENDERS --------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------

95
95

$
6.05
6.05

$
5.94
5.94

$
$
5.45- 6.46
5.45- 6.46

CARPENTERS. M A IN TE NA NC E ---------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------

199
174

6.60
6.55

6.53
6.53

5.83- 7.5c;
5.83- 7.55

1,198
1,120
78

6.77
6.75
6.97

6.64
6.64
7.49

5.91- 7.7g
5.91- 7.78
6.56- 7.4q

-

ENGINEERS. STAT IO NA RY -----------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ------------------

380
338

6.39
6.42

6.34
6.46

5.64- 7,23
5.64- 7.3?

-

HELPERS, M A IN TE NA NC E TR AD ES ----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S ------------ —

235
55
48

5.88
5.69
5.88

5.99
5.68
5.68

5.51- 6.6?
5.47- 5 . 7 i
5.65- 5.96

4
2
-

MA CH IN E- TO OL OP ERATORS, TOOL RO OM
M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

583
583

7.35
7.35

7.77
7.77

6.84- 7.78
6.84- 7,78

“

MA CH IN IS TS , M A IN TE NA NC E --------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------

553
533

6.38
6.36

6.23
6.23

5.88- 6.Bi,
5.88- 6.84

ME CHANICS, AU TO MO TI VE
(MAINTENANCE) --------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G -----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S ------------

564
260
304
248

6.36
6.15
6.55
6.75

6.34
5.90
6.96
7.13

5.205.206.086.34-

ME CHANICS, M A IN TE NA NC E ---------M A NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------

1,505
1 ,453
52

7.07
7.10
6.26

M I LL WR IG HT S -----------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------

1,177
1,177

PAINTERS, MA IN TE NA NC E ----------M A NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------PI PE FI TT ER S, M A IN TE NA NC E -------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

EL EC TRICIANS, MA I N T E N A N C E ------M A N U FA CT UR IN G -----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --- --------------

—

SH EE T- ME TA L WORKERS, MA IN TE NA NC E
M A N U FA CT UR IN G -----------------TOOL AND DIE M A KE RS -------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------




-

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
-

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

29
2
“

-

-

10
10

12
12

1
1

25
25

13
13

3
3

4
4

5
5

4

6
6

-

*

8
8

“

-

-

1
1

4
4

_

24
21

15
9

22
22

1
1

24
24

23
23

8
-

9
8

8
7

2
2

31
30

22
22

_
"

-

5
-

8
8
-

9
9

18
18
-

84
84
-

33
31
2

48
43
b

125
125
-

79
79
“

75
73
2

88
63
25

79
79
-

32
29
3

28
28

7
b
i

40
40

32b
325
*

100
100
-

_
-

16
16
-

20
18

-

64
56

5
5

4
4

24
18

35
30

8
8

31
26

21
19

49
49

12
12

8
-

22
19

36
36

13
13

7
4

1
1

20
20

-

5

3
3
“

3
2
?

9

33
24
24

26

-

3

43

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

66
12
12

1
-

-

10
10
10

-

-

-

_
-

-

3
3

_

1
1

_
-

23
23

1
1

18
18

30
30

1
1

23
23

24
24

4
4

29
29

2
2

1
1

1
1

312
312

74
74

35
35

1
1

-

“

24
24

12
12

13
13

38
38

103
103

39
39

60
60

18
18

94
85

61
60

43
43

7
7

17
7

10
1

3
3

5
5

6
6

-

*

-

-

-

_

-

_

“

*

-

*

7.49
7.6o
7.49
7.49

-

3
1
2
2

13
13
10

8
4

4
4
-

4
4
-

61
45
16
-

57
57
-

8
8
-

40
16
24
24

9
6
3
2

56
38
18
18

46
7
39
28

4
4
-

16
16
16

18
1
17
17

25
2
23
23

19
19
10

98
9
89
89

70
70
*

5
5
5

7.77
7.77
6.71

6.30- 7.78
6.30- 7.78
5.67- 6,7]

-

lb
15
-

-

.
-

23
23
-

13
13
-

38
28
10

85
85
-

61
61
-

56
49
7

25
25
-

10
10
*

76
73
3

34
34
-

50
23
27

48
43
5

11
11
-

77
77
-

16
16
-

567
567
-

292
292

6.94
6.94

7.54
7.54

6.14- 7.6o
6.14- 7.6n

-

-

1
1

-

5
5

17
17

62
62

19
19

34
34

16
16

191
191

8
8

73
73

41
41

41
41

19
19

38
38

154
154

424
424

34
34

175
166

—

-

6.44
6.49

6.10
6.20

5.80- 7.51
5.80- 7.51

-

_

13
13

15
12

23
23

25
25

13
13

4
3

5?
52

_

*

3
3

6

6

6
3

6

-

1
1

7

-

1
-

6

-

659
653

6.79
6.80

6.9J
6.92

6.17- 7.6-)
6.22- 7. 6 q

18
18

31
31

27
24

37
37

44
44

89
86

2
2

250
230

7.02
7.08

7.59
7.59

6.25- 7.6n
6.25- 7.6o

2
2

23
23

8

41

8

22

-

791
791

7.27
7.27

7.89
7.89

6.89- 7.93
6.89- 7.93

28
28

31
31

40
40

22
22

14
14

-

-

-

_

8

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

8
8

-

-

-

_

-

-

6

-

-

“

-

-

*

6

-

5
5

-

-

-

_

4
4

8
8

6
6

40
40

-

t
o

_
-

6o

_

65

-

20
20

33
33

12
12

89
89

184
184

*

14
13

2
2

3
3

47
47

99
99

60
60

55
55

5
5

12
12

4

_

4

.
-

_

8
8
-

_
-

-

-

-

_
_
-

-

_

•
-

-

461
4bl

1
1

-

in Buffalo, N .Y ., October 1975
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f —

Hourly eamings3

workers

S
$
4 . A0 4 * 6 0

T
1
4 . Go 5 . 0 0

$
5 .20

$
5 .6 0

$
3
5 . 8 0 6 .0 0

$
6 .8 0

%

7 .2 0

$
7 .6 0

$
7 .8 0

%

7 .0 0

5
7 .4 0

i

6*20 6 .4 0

S
6.6 0

$

5 .4 0

8 .0 0

8 .2 0

4 .2 0

Occupation and industry division

$
4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 ,4 0

5 .6 0

5 ,8 0

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6,411-6 . 6 0

6 .8 0

7 .0 0

7 . 2p

7 .4 0

7 .6 0

7 .8 0

8 .0 0

8 .2 0

over

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

4
4

5
5

A
A

-

-

_

-

-

-

8
8

-

-

3
3

-

-

13
13

-

-

4
4

-

-

10
10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

*

-

*

1
1

-

-

19
16

15
9

14
14

1
1

23
23

14
14

8
-

9
a

6
5

2
2

31
30

19
19

-

-

-

_

-

-

“

10
10

14
14

8
6

48
43

67
67

72
72

75
73

61
61

34
34

32
29

20
20

3
2

40

*

1
1

325
325

100
100

-

-

-

4
4

_

8
“

3
3

1
1

24
18

11
10

8
8

31
26

9
7

19
19

12
12

8
“

19
19

24
24

13
13

4
4

1
1

20
*20

-

-

2

-

10

24

$
4 .0 0

Number
Mean2 Median2

Middle range 2

and
u n d er

ALL WORKERS
BOILER TENDERS -------------------MA NUFACTURING ------------------

55
55

$
6 .1 1
6 .1 1

$
6 .0 1
6 .0 1

$
$
5 .3 9 - 6 .6 5
5 .3 9 - 6 .6 5

CARPENTERS. MA IN TE NA NC E ---------MA NUFACTURING ------------------

167
142

6 .6 8
6 .6 4

6 .5 3
6 .5 3

5 .8 3 5 .8 3 -

7 .5 ?
7 .5 5

ELECTRICIANS. MA IN TE NA NC E ------MANUFACTURING ------------------

9 26
873

7 .0 4
7 .0 3

7 .4 9
7 .7 7

6 .2 3 6 .2 3 -

7 .7 8
7 .7 8

ENGINEERS. STATIO NA RY -----------MA NUFACTURING ------------------

2 19
189

6 .7 9
6 .9 1

6 .7 2
6 .7 9

6 .1 2 6 .3 0 -

7 .5 5
7 .5 9

HELPERS. MA IN TE NA NC E TRADES!
NONMANUFACTURING:
PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S ------------

36

5 .6 0

5 .6 8

5 .5 5 - 5 . 7 1

-

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM
MANUFACTURING ------------------

564
564

7 .4 3
7 .4 3

7 .7 7
7 .7 7

7 .4 9 7 .4 9 -

7 .7 8
7 .7 8

-

*

MACHINISTS, MA IN TE NA NC E --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------- --------

358
338

6 .4 1
6 .3 8

6 .2 3
6 .2 3

5 .8 8 5 .8 8 -

6 .8 q
6 .7 a

“

MECHANICS. AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) -------------------MA NUFACTURING -----------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S ------------

2 26
159
67
51

6 .8 3
6 .7 6
6 .9 9
7 .2 1

6 .9 6
7 .1 6
6 .9 6
7 .1 3

6 . 086 . 086 .5 4 6 .9 6 -

7 .6 p
7 ,6 o
7 .4 9
7 .4 9

1
1
-

_

MECHANICS. MA IN TE NA NC E ----------MA NUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG --------------

1 ,3 1 2
1 .2 6 0
52

7 .3 4
7 .3 9
6 .2 6

7 .7 7
7 .7 8
6 .7 1

6 .9 6 7 .2 3 5 .6 7 -

7 .7 8
7 .7 8
6 .7 1

*

-

MILLWRIGHTS -----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------

1 ,0 9 2
1 ,0 9 2

7 .0 1
7 .0 1

7 .5 9
7 .5 9

6 .1 4 - 7 .6 o
6 . 1 4 - 7 .6 o

-

-

*

“

PAINTERS. M A I N T E N A N C E --------— —
MA NUFACTURING ------------------

135
131

6 .6 7
6 .7 0

6 .4 5
6 .4 5

6 .1 0 6 .1 0 -

7 .5 1
7 .5 l

PIPEFITTERS, MA INTENANCE -------MA NUFACTURING ------------------

548
542

6 .8 2
6 .8 3

6 .9 2
7 .2 0

6 .1 2 6 .1 2 -

7 .6 o
7 .6 0

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MA IN TE NA NC E
m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------

246
2 26

7 .0 3
7 .1 0

7 .5 9
7 .5 9

6 .2 5 6 .3 0 -

7 .6 o
7 .6 o

TOOL AND DIE MA KE RS -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --- ---------------

704
704

7 .4 6
7 .4 6

7 .8 9
7 .8 9

7 .1 0 - 7 .9 3
7 .1 0 - 7 .9 3

* W o rk er s we r e distributed as follows:




-

'
-

-

_

’

5

16
16

-

"

1
1

-

7
7

1
1

18
18

30
30

1
1

23
23

24
24

4
A

29
29

2
2

1
1

1
1

312
312

74
74

35
35

1
1

_

_

*

2
2

_

*

*

9
9

38
38

67
67

39
39

60
60

9
9

AA
35

33
32

13
13

7
7

17
7

6
6

3
3

5
5

6
6

1
1
1

-

-

3
3
-

1
1
•

7
7
-

16
16
-

7
6
1

36
36
-

18
7
11

4
4

4
_
4
A

18
1
17
17

6
2
4
4

-

29
9
20
20

70
70
-

5
5
5

-

-

_

-

1
1
-

41
41
-

56
49
7

25
25
-

4
4
-

76
73
3

11
n

77
77
-

16
16

567
567

2 92
292

_

8
8

-

38
11
27

48
43

*

18
8
10

34
34

-

-

-

1
1

-

5
5

17
17

38
38

14
14

34
34

16
16

177
177

2
2

67
67

11
11

41
41

19
19

38
38

154
154

A24
424

34
34

-

-

_

-

_

1
1

3
2

3
2

1
1

8
8

11
11

25
25

13
13

6
6

52
52

4
4

_

8
8

12
12

21
21

27
24

30
30

42
42

87
84

29
29

-

5
5

2
2

23
23

8
8

41
22

-

-

18
18

31
31

13
13

22
22

14
14

-

-

-

-

_
-

*

-

-

1
-

-

-

-

_

“

*

“

-

•

-

-

-

-

“
•

*

-

*
-

4
4

4
4
«

4
4

1 at $8.20 to $8.40; 8 at $8.40 to $8.60; 2 at $8.60 to $8.80; 4 at $8.80 to $9; and 5 at $ 9 to $9.20.

_

5

4

-

-

3

-

3
3

-

-

-

_

20
20

1
1

12
12

89
89

168
168

2
2

-

-

14
13

-

3
3

47
47

99
99

-

-

-

60
60

55
55

5
5

12
12

4

4 61

1
1

-

4

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings

Occupation and industry division

1
$
$---- s---- $
2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.60

Number
of
Middle range *

I

$

$

$

“I

I

i

$

2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00

$

I

$

$

4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80

5.00

$

5
*
i
r
1 --5.20 5.60 6.00 6.40 6. 80 7.20

and
under

and

2.2ft 2.3o 2.4o 2 . 6 0

2.80 3 0Q 3.2o 3.40 3.60 3 80 4 _Q£L 4.20 4.4n 4.60 4 . 8 0

6 t89 7 . 2 0

lilSL 5.60 6«00

ALL WO RK ER S
2*476

v U A r U j A Il/ W A 111i C
\
'l
/ n

1.923
guards

:

$
Q" 0
2. a a

504
AND C L E A N E R S ---

3.42

2.63

'63
2.55

2.50

109

663
1

-o * -

1

11

6. JJ
3.0

3)97

160

51

171

666

46

43

10

a,*®
• >

_

r3

4.65
3.70

3.16- 5|5 a

76
■
”*07

-

147

'

203

135

8

64

50
46

a?

36

^ Jo

3

1

12

2

32

-

6.10
7.14
0.01

-

-

-

37

t6

149

160

28

180

117
100

121
121

PA
28

14

1

-

1
8
25

20

78

10
5

1

11

94

23

8

*

24

-

16
16

1
1

t5
72

1
1

23
1

37
1
1

8

1
1

-

36

10

-

-

16
1

-

^49
10
7

26

3
30
17

1

*
15

14

“

27
16
24

27
_

17

14

39
25
14

24

39
39

62

19

12

5.67- 7.1 a

17

*

*

-

sao

81

17
14

2
19

5.00- 5 . 8 7
4x61
j •^ 1

*

-

1
1

1
1

12

*

1
1

1

-

r z_
- :

149
149

61
41
28

^4

8

1

37
16
2i

70
32

46

23

4.79- Ills

60

19

237
117
120

605
55
550

659
118
541

36
31

17

13

125

T

1
*

65
63

229
6

38
36

3

23

66

“

14

64

31
11
20

24

14
1

17
14

36
22
14

“

30

3

810
28
782

34

*
“

13
13

14
20
20
”

(UNDER
5.21- 5.62
1 Jl

TR UC KD RI VE RS * ME D I U M

1

109

48

6.10

TR UC KO RI VE RS , LIGHT

1

46

3.30- 5.79
- 0» .

6.62

68

65
52
13

32
3.66

154

1.113

93

JJ

7*00

t*3^

1K A U

64

4.74- 6.36

3.90- 5.6]
4.51- 5.35

4*89

31

37

^
”"g^

/
, 66

283

665

2.25- 2^71

552

•
rtiW XL

It
13

6

r Aw nL Hb T Jillrr 1Nw

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

19
8

Oj

h8
2.25- 4.62
'"*63

^ * **

442
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

o"o^

0 .0 1

3,204
1.140

2.431
1.619

$

282

183

JA NITORS, PORTERS,

$
^*7"

$

*
*

20

13

1
1

“

(1-1/2 TO
4.00- 6.4(1
93
171

See footnotes at end of tables.




4.84
6.45

4.00- 7.14

13
_,

16
36

n

11
1

6

89
84

“
“

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
~i---- S
$
1 --- 1 ---- 3 ---- i
$
S---- 1 ---- S
$
$
i
1 ---- 1 ---- $
"5---- i
$
$
*
0 2.2 0 2.30 2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.60 6.00 6.40 6.80 7.20

Hourly earnings3

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

and

»r
0 2 . 3 0 2.40 2.60 2,89 3,op 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4 . 8 0

5.00 5.20 5.60 6.00 6.40 6.80 7.20

ALL W O RK ER S—
CONT IN UE D
TRUCKDRIVERS - CONTINUED
$
7 .1 4
5 .6 6
7 .1 4
7 .1 4
6 .1 5

$
6 .1 1 5 .3 2 6 .1 1 7 .1 4 -

$
7 .1 a
6 .7 )
7 .1 4
7 .1 a

112

5 .8 5
6 .7 7
7 .0 5
6 .0 4

6 .0 1 -

6 .2 b

866

6 .0 2

6 .1 0

151
7 15
142

5 .5 4

5 .9 2

6 .1 2

6 .1 0

6 .9 4

7 .1 4

5 .7 3 4 .5 8 5 .7 3 7 .1 4 -

6 .1 l
6 .0 7
6 .1 1
7 .1 4

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) --------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ---------------

1 ,8 0 3
1 ,5 7 0
2 33
56

5 .5 2
5 .4 6
5 .8 9
7 .1 1

5 .6 3
5 .4 8
5 .6 5
7 .0 9

4 .7 5 4 .6 8 5 .3 2 7 .0 9 -

6 .3 6
6 .3 6
6 .1 l
7 .1 4

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) ---------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

3 94
394

5 .5 0
5 .5 0

5 .8 8
5 .6 8

4 .5 9 4 .5 9 -

6 .2 9
6 .2 9

-------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S --------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

1 ,5 7 5
3 77
1 ,1 9 8
42
2 87

5 .1 1
4 .9 2
5 .1 7
5 .9 0
5 .1 8

5 .6 1
4 .7 5
5 .6 1
5 .7 1
5 .6 9

4 .6 3 4 .2 5 4 .6 8 5 .7 1 4 .7 5 -

5 .7 1
5 .6 0
5 .7 5
6 .2 4
5 .7j

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --- ----------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PURLIC U T IL IT IE S --------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER a TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) -------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ---------------

warehousemen

See footnotes at end of tables.




$
9 85
99
886

549

6 .6 8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
9

_

_
-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

6
6

2
2

49
49

-

85
85

53
53
18
-

-

-

18
4

9
-

-

9

17

4

-

-

17

4

8

64
22
42

32
9
23
1

39
26
13

53
14
39

6
6

17

-

17

-

17

1
1
-

32
32

-

-

4
1
3

17
10
7

30
24
6

3

-

3

2
2

13
7
6

226
2
224

6

66
13
53
40
13

88
14
74
2

244
34
210
19

340
45
295
3

-

87

28
23
5
5
*

-

89
76
13

142
142

90
88
2

110

-

-

182
127
55

232
131
101

645
639
6

-

-

51
51

29
29

3
3

19
19

27
27

19
19

177
177

16
16

27
19
8

82
48
34

171
68
103

40
29
11

26
2
24
2
22

119
19
100
1
18

773
76
697
21
151

19
l
18
18

104
104

.

8

26

21

11

n o

7
7

583
15
568
484

21
1
20
20

138
8
130
118

-

60
4
56
56

-

-

_
-

-

11
11

21

27
27

-

21

-

-

-

-

-

in Buffalo, N .Y ., October 1975
N u m b e r of worker s receiving straight-time hourly earnings Df--

Hourly earnings3

i
s
3
3
S
S
$
$
*
S
i
$
I
$
$
I
l
5
1
■$—
"5
2.10 2.20 2.30 2 . A0 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.A0 3.60 3.80 A.OO A . 20 A .A0 4.60 A . 80 5 .00 5.20 5.60 6.00 6. A0 6.80 7.20
%
Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

and
under
2.20 2.30 2.A0 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.A0 3.60 3.80 A.OO

r
o
o

Number

Occupation and industry division

A. A0 A .60 A.8o _5»QJL 5 rISL 5.60 6.00 6 •At) 6.60 7.20 over

ALL WO RK ER S
G U AR DS AND W A TC HM EN -----------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------GU AR DS I
M A NU FA CT UR IN G --- ----- -----------

1.988
A16
1,572

$
3.05
5.80
2.32

$
2.20
6.03
2.20

$
2.135.382.13-

$
2.60
6.5?
2.29

536
536

663
1
662

21A
21A

69

12
1
11

“

9
9

6
6

6
1
5

1
1

13

69

13

•

8
6
2

9
A
5
4

25

A6

21

10
10
10

8
2
6
6

3A
6
28
28

1A
2
12
6

3
3

29
2
27

-

-

23
8
15
-

68
3A
3A
8
1

125
11A
11
A

107
22
85
64

2

A1
10
31
21
3

51
A9
2
2

1

20
9
11
2

103
8A
19
19

29
26
3
3

15
1A
1
1

12
9
3
3

5
5

12
12

-

33
32
1

A7
46
i

396

5.87

6.03

5.50- 6.5?

JANITORS. PO RTERS. AND CL EA N E R S --M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S --------------RE T A I L TR AD E --------------------

1.112
769
3A3
1A1
85

A . 71
5.08
3.86
A.6A
2.59

A . 79
5.15
A . 05
A. 70
2 .6 0

A . 20A . 503.23A.6A2.28-

5,Ao
5.85
A.66
A.88
2.75

5
5
5

LABORERS. MA TE R I A L H A ND LI NG -------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------RE TA IL TR AD E --------------------

781
718
63
63

5.50
5.71
3.15
3.15

5.60
5.71
2.50
2.50

5.225.332.302.30“

6.3e
6.36
A.Oo
A.Oo

8

6

9

11

7

2

1

.

6
6

3
3

8
8

9
9

11
11

7
7

2
2

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

R E CE IV IN G C L ER KS --------------------MA NU F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------RE T A I L TRAOE --------------------

200
10A
96
55

5.17
5.09
5.26
A . 37

A . 95
A. 7 a
5.61
3.89

A . 56A . 603.703.33-

5,79
5.56
6.29
5.79

-

-

-

2

1

-

3

9

8

A

1

1

-

-

2
2

1
1

-

3
3

9
9

8
8

4
A

1
1

1
1

TR UC KD R I V E R S -------------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PU B L I C UT I L I T I E S ---------------

523
281
2A2
8A

5.92
5.97
5.85
5.83

6.06
6.02
6.06
5.95

5.665.625.795.31-

6.2g
6.36
6.28
6.22

-

-

-

-

A

-

-

A

_

1

_

-

-

-

-

A

-

-

A

-

1

-

TR UC KD RI VE RS . LI GH T (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) ------------------------

73

6.09

6.36

5.81- 6.36

-

-

-

-

-

A

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

TR UC KO RI VE RS . ME DI UM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS) ------------

73

5.A9

5.35

A.9A- 6.2?

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

1

-

2

-

9

11

TR UC KD RI VE RS . HEAVY (OVER A TONS.
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

199
67
132

6.07
5.93
6.1A

6.06
5.72
6.06

5.97- 6.28
5.A8- 6.7o
6*06- 6.2p

1
1

-

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) --------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

1.2A1
1,175

5.79
5.80

6.35
6.35

5.33- 6.36
5«08- 6,36

303
303

5.81
5.81

6.27
6.27

5.20* 6,29
5»20- 6.29

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) ----------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------W A R E HO US EM EN -------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

551
197
35A

* W o r k e r s w e r e at $7.20 to $7.60.
** W o r k e r s w e r e distributed as follows:
See footnotes at end of tables.




5.A7
5.A5
5.A8

5.61
5.60
5.61

5.31- 5.6)
A . 65- 5.6o
5.61- 5.6i

21
21

“
-

-

3
1
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

-

_

18
18
1
1

-

-

-

14 at $7.20 to $7.60; and 13 at $7.60 to $8.

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

12
12

6
6

17
17

30
30

.
-

9
1
8

_

A6
A1
5

1A
1A

1A 1
1A1

9

37

1A

1A 1

89
80
9
9

153
150
3
3

28
17
11
11

180
18u

17
1A
3
3

177
171
6
6

61
79
2
2

324
324

3
3
3

19
17
2
2

10
9
1
1
1

119
119

_

119

-

4
4

1
1

4

-

-

-

-

33
3
30
17

5
1
4

17
16
1

23

73
3A
39
27

9A
55
39
26

261
118
143
25

30
25
5
5

-

1

13

36

-

-

*13

-

15

2

31

-

-

-

4
i
3

2
2
-

2A
2A
-

19
13
6

120
2
116

26
23
5

-

-

-

65
6A
1
1

15
1A
1
1

3A
33
1
1

10
8
2
2

2
2

12
11
1

15
12
3

_

_

_

23
1A
1A
-

1

62
62

,^
71

46
A6

81
81

89
89

19A
128

639
639

7
7

4
4

36
36

2A
2A

3
3

2
2

25
25

19
19

177
177

16
16

-

3

A0
37
3

19
16
3

25
2
23

28
19
9

351
76
275

13
1
12

3

i

_

-

-

1
1

-

_
_

-

-

A1
9
32

-

27
**27

Table A -6 . Average hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant, custodial, and m aterial
movement workers, by sex. in Buffalo, N .Y ., October 1975
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

(mean2 )
hourly
earnings3

Sex, occupation, and industry division

CUST OD IA L AND MATE RI AL MOVEMENT
O C CU PA TI ON S - MEN

MA IN TE NA NC E AND POWERPLANT
OCCU PA TI ON S - MEN
95

,

n in

^
GUARDS!

1.120
78

235
55
48

5.88
5.69
5.88
1 1.

6.38
6.36

563
260
303
247

6.37
6.15
6.55
6.76

3.71

1 *4^3
52

431
430

53

1 KMU L
.

6.94
6.94

106

(OVER 4 TONS.
6.68
886
549

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY

~ ?°3
c *xxx
533

6.49
6.79
6.80

6.77
7.05
6.04

(OVER 4 TONS,
866

6.02
6.12
6.94

■ r
" v

1,569

5.52
5.89
7.11

/ no
A* ftH
/*
/ "/ /
4.44

^rw
394
1.569

5.50
5.50

tOG

7*;f
4.7G

100

659

TRUCKDRIVERS. HE AV Y

4

7.10
6.26

1.177
1.177

266

--

n t i ^ r XL,

r e..

II. A U

5.45

$
5.03
5.57

3.56
2.76
4.90
2.58

(1-1/2 TO

5.56

2*399
947
1.452
94
117

7.35
7.35

553
533
MECHANICS. AUTOMOTIVE

583
583

TRUCKDRIVERS* ME DI UM

106

6.39
6.42

Average
(mean2 )
hourly
earnings3

TRUCKDRIVPBC - CONT IN UE D

2*418

6.97

380
338

Number
of
woikers

5.44

499

JANITORS* PORTERS* AND CLEA NE RS ---

Sex, occupation, and industry division

CUSTODIAL AND MA TE R I A L MOVE ME NT
OC CUPATIONS - M E N — C O NT IN UE D
_

6.05
6.0->
,

MA CH IN E- TO OL OPERATORS. TO OLROOM --

Number Average
(mean2 )
of
hourly
workers
earnings3

t

5.12
4.93
5.17
5.90
5.18

805

2.99

5. 8 j
CUSTODIAL AND M A TE RI AL M O VE ME NT

5 ?9
6.16 JANITORS, PORTERS. AND C L EA NE RS --5.28

£.30

7.00

791

7.27
7.«-7

TRUCKDRIVERS. LIGHT

66

(UNDER
1 rl
1

5.17

N O T E : E a rn in g s d a ta in ta b le A - 6 r e la t e o n ly to w o r k e r s w h o s e s e x id e n t ific a t io n w a s p r o v id e d b y the e s t a b lis h m e n t .
the o t h e r hand, r e la t e to a ll w o r k e r s in an o c c u p a t io n .
(S e e a p p en d ix A fo r p u b lic a t io n c r i t e r i a .)




3.27

E a rn in g s d a ta in t a b le s A - 4

and A - 5 ,

on




Table A-6a. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant
custodial, and material movement workers, by sex—large
establishments in Buffalo, N .Y ., October 1975
Number
of
workers

Sex, o c c u p a t io n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

maintenance

and

hourly
earnings3

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Average
Number (mean2 )
of
hourly
workers earnings3

CUST OD IA L AND MA TE R I A L MOVE ME NT
O C CU PA TI ON S - M E N — CONT IN UE D

powerplant

OCCUPA TI ON S - MEN
gr
55

6*11

167

6.68

873

GU AR DS AND W A T C H M E N — C O NT IN UE D

7.04
7.03

GUARDS:

$
5.88

JANITORS, PORTERS,

AND CLEA NE RS ---

860

4.92
2.62

^,A
776
HELPERS, MA IN TE NA NC E TRADES:
NONMANUFACTURING:

36

machinists* maintenance

— —

564
564

—

— —

—

7.43
7.43

358

6.41

6.84
6.76

->0

operators, toolroom

7» 26

5.20
5.32
4. 44
T R U C KD RI VE RS --------------------------

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE

TR UC KDRIVERS, LIGHT

521

1 *^60
52
1,092
i * r, • r - r ,1
.»

135

_„„„
s h e e t -m e t a l

548

6.10

workers, maintenance

—

246

7*39
6.26

TR UC KD RI VE RS * ME DI UM

7 01

TRUC KD RI VE RS * HEAVY

(1-1/2 TO
5 49
(OVER 4 TONS*

6.14

6.67
6*70

. -/ /
» %
5.79
TRUCKERS. POWER

(OTHER THAN
5.81
5.81

7.03
7.10

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----- ----------custodial

and

material

„ __

7 .0 1

6.82
6.83

5.92

(UNDER

0/

ri. * .
-

,
3.20
3.^0

5.60

225

m a c h i n e -to ol

4.83
5.12

353

5.45
5.48

CUST OD IA L AND M A TE RI AL MOVE ME NT
OC C U P A T I O N S - WOMEN

movement

OC CU PA TI ON S - MEN
1,882
411
1,471

3.08
5.80
2.32

JANITORS* PORTERS* AND C L EA NE RS ---

252

4.29
4.92

NOTE:
E a rn in g s data in t a b le A - 6 a r e la t e o n ly to w o r k e r s w h o s e s e x id e n t ific a t io n w a s p r o v id e d b y th e
e s t a b lis h m e n t .
E a rn in g s data in t a b le s A - 4 a and A - 5 a , on th e o t h e r h a n d , r e la t e to a ll w o r k e r s in an o c c u p a t io n .
(S ee a p p en d ix A f o r p u b lica tio n c r it e r ia .)
S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts.
in Buffalo, N.Y., October 1975 for selected periods
October 1973
to
October 1974

October 1974
to
October 1975

Industry and occupational
group

October 1972
to
October 1973

All industries:
Office clerical (m en and w o m e n ) ________________
Electronic data processing ( m e n and w o m e n ) ___
Industrial nurses (m en and w o m e n ) ______________
Skilled maintenance trades (m e n ) __
Unskilled plant workers (m en ) __________________

6.4
*
6.7
8.1
7.4

8.2
8.8
10.0
9.5
9.1

8.1
7.7
10.6
9.9
8.9

Manufacturing:
Office clerical (men and w o m e n ) ________________
Electronic data processing (m en and w o m e n ) ____
Industrial nurses ( m en and w o m e n ) ______________
Skilled maintenance trades (m en )_______ ______
Unskilled plant workers (m en )__________________

6.6
*
6.5
8.1
7.7

9.0
9.5
10.0
9.8
9.6

9.2
9.0
12.0
10.1
9.9

Nonmanufacturing:
Office clerical (m en and w o m e n )
Electronic data processing (m e n and w o m e n ) ____
Industrial nurses (m en and w o m e n )
Skilled maintenance trades ( m e n ) _______________
Unskilled plant workers (m e n ) __________________

6.2
*
**
**
6.4

7.2
**
**
**
7.7

6.5
**
**
**
6.4

* Data not available.
** Data do not m e e t publication criteria.

N O T E : Th e percent increases presented in this table are based on changes in average
hourly earnings for establishments reporting the trend jobs in both the current and previous
year (matched establishments). Th e y are not affected by changes in average earnings
resulting f r o m em pl oy me nt shifts a m o n g establishments or turnover of establishments
included in survey samples. The percent increases, however, are still affected by factors
other than wa g e increases. Hirings, layoffs, and turnover m a y affect an establishment
average for an occupation w h e n workers are paid under plans providing a range of wa ge rates
for individual jobs. In periods of increased hiring, for example, n e w employees enter at the
bottom of the-range, depressing the average without a change in wage rates.
These w a g e trends are not linked to the w a g e indexes previously published for this
area because the w a g e indexes m e a s u r e d changes in area averages, whereas these wage
trends m e a s u r e changes in ma tc he d establishment averages. Other characteristics of these
w a g e trends which differ f r o m the discontinued indexes include (1) earnings data of office
clerical wo rk er s and industrial nurses are converted to an hourly basis, (2) trend estimates
are provided for nonmanufacturing establishments, wh er e possible, and (3) trend estimates
are provided for electronic data processing jobs.
For a m o r e detailed description of the m e th od used to compute these wa ge trends, see
"Improving Ar e a W a g e Survey Indexes," Monthly Labor Re vi ew, January 1973, pp. 52-57.

B. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions
Table B-1. Minim um entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks in Buffalo, N .Y., October 1975
Other inexperienced clerical workers 5

Inexperienced typists

M i n i m u m weekly straight-time salary

All
industries

Based on standard weekly hours 6 of—
All
schedules

establishments

establishments

studied

having

a

-------------

40

All
schedules

37 Vz

All
schedules

40

37‘
/2

XXX

129

xxx

xxx

xxx

129

XXX

XXX

225

96

XXX

81

86

36

35

15

15

92

86

35

7

46

23

18

1
6
2
-

4
-

2
3
3
5
3
1
2
-

2
2
2
1
-

2
1
2
3
1
-

1
7
3
i

_
_
b
i
i

_
.
1

8
4
4
2
3
1
4

_
3
1
2
3

7
1
2

1

2

2
3
3

4
i
3
3
1
1
1
1
1

1
1
1
2
1
_
_
_
_
_
1

2
6
2
5
2
3
1

2
4
5
2
2
1

3
2
4
2
1
1

2

1
2
1
1

1

1
1
1

1

1
3
2
1
2

3
1
1
2

1

1

1
1
1

1
1
I

1

1

1

1

UN DE R $105.00 --------UNDER $110.00 --------UN DE R $115.00 --------UN DE R $120.00 --------UN DE R $125.00 --------UN DE R $130.00 --------UN DE R $135.00 --------UN DE R $180.00 --------UN DE R $185.00 --------UNDER $150.00 --------UNDER $155.00 --------UN DE R $160.00 --------UN DE R $165.00 --------UN DE R $170.00 --------UN DE R $175.00 --------UN DE R $180.00 --------UNDER $185.00 --------UNDER $190.00 --------UNDER $195.00 --------UNDER $200.00 --------UNDER $205.00 ------ —
UNDER $210.00 --------a n d UN DE R $215.00 --------AND OVER --------------------

6
5
6
7
8
2
8
2
1
2
1
2
1
1
1
2
1
2
1

2
4
5
7
1
1
8
1
2
1
2
1
1
1
2
1
1
-

1
4
i
2
1
2
1
1
2
i
i
-

E S T A BL IS HM EN TS H A VI NG NO SPEC IF IE D
MI NI MU M --------------------------------

32

16

xxx

16

E S TA BL IS HM EN TS WHICH DID NOT EMPLOY
WO RK ER S IN THIS CATE GO RY -----------

112

38

xxx

78

$100.00
$105.00
$110.00
$115.00
$120.00
$125.00
$130.00
$135.00
$180.00
$185.00
$150.00
$155.00
$160.00
$165.00
$170.00
$175.00
$180.00
$185.00
$190.00
$195.00
$200.00
$205.00
$210.00
$215.00

40

96

2
«
8
3
5
9
1
4
*

UNDER
UN DE R
UNDER
UN DE R
UN DE R
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER

All
schedules

37V2

225

$80.00 ----------$82.50 ----------$85.00 ----------$87.50 ----------$90.00 ----------$92.50 ----------$95.00 ----------$97.50 ----------$100.00 ----------

AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND

Based on standard weekly hours 6 of—

All

specified

MI NI MU M -------------------------------$77.50
$80.00
$82.50
$85.00
$87.50
$90.00
$92.50
$ 9 5 . 0C
$97.50

40

Nonmanufacturing

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

Manufacturing

AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND




J

_
1

2
2
1
1
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
-

t
t
5
4
2
10
1
7
1
b
o
b
7
3
H

i
l
2
1
J
2
2
2
1
1
1
2
_

_
2
1

1
1

_
1

3
1
1
1

1

_

-

1
1

-

-

-

i

1

-

XXX

XXX

65

28

XXX

XXX

37

XXX

xxx

xxx

xxx

68

22

xxx

xxx

86

xxx

xxx




(All full-time m a n u f a cturing plant workers a 100 percent)
Wo rk er s on late shifts

All workers 7
Item
Second shift

Third,shift

IN ES TA BL IS HM EN TS WITH LATE SHIFT PR OV IS IO NS -----

95.5

89.7

22.1

8.0

WITH NO PAY D I F F ER EN TI AL FOR L a TE SHIFT WORK ----WITH PAY DIFFER EN TI AL FOR LATE SHIFT WORK --------UNIFORM CENT S- PE R- HO UR DIFFER EN TI AL -------------UN IF OR M PE RC EN TA GE DIFFER EN TI AL ------------------OTHER DI FF ER EN TI AL ----------------------------------

.5
94.9
56.8
35.7
2.5

89.7
50.7
34.2
4.7

22.1
10.6
11.2
.3

8.0
6.1
1.7
.2

15.8
6.5

21.3
10.1

15.4
6.4

23.6
10.2

.5
1.8
.6
1.6
.7
8.1
5.6
•4

.5
1.3
-

.4
.2
.2
.5
.1
.8
1.2
(8)
1.8
.2
.1
.2
.1
4.2
.2
-

Second shift

Third shift

PERCENT OF WORKERS

-

AVERAGE PAY DI FF ER EN TI AL
UN IF OR M CENT S- PE R- HO UR DIFFER EN TI AL ---------------UN IF OR M PERCEN TA GE DIFF ER EN TI AL --------------------PERCENT OF WORKERS BY TYPE AND
AMOUNT OF PAY DI FF ER EN TI AL
U N IF OR M CENTS-PER-HOURi
2 CENTS -------------------------------------------5 CENTS -------------------------------------------7 CENTS -------------------------------------------8 CENTS -------------------------------------------9 CENTS -------------------------------------------10 CENTS ------------------------------------------12 AND UNDER 13 CENTS --------------------------13 CENTS ------------------------------------------14 CENTS ------------------------------------------15 CENTS ------------------------------------------16 CENTS ------------------------------------------17 CENTS ------------------------------------------18 CENTS ------------------------------------------19 CENTS ------------------------------------------20 CENTS ------------------------------------------21 CENTS ------------------------------------------22 CENTS ------------------------------------------25 CENTS ------------------------------------------27 CENTS ------------------------------------------30 CENTS ------------------------------------------36 CENTS ------------------------------------------38 CENTS ------------------------------------------40 CENTS ------------------------------------------50 CENTS -------------------------------------------

10.3
1.4
.3
1.4
.5
20.0
1.5
1.9
.1
.2

.6
16.4
.6
.1
.6
-

-

UN IF OR M PERCENTAGE:
5 PERCENT ----------------------------------------7 AND UNDER 8 PERCENT --------------------------9 PERCENT ----------------------------------------10 PERCENT ---------------------------------------15 PERCENT ----------------------------------------

24.2
1.7
9.8
-

-

2.5
.9
28.7
2.1

7.9
.5
2.9
-

(8)
.1
1.5
.1

OTHER DI FF ER EN TI AL -------------------------------------

2.5

.3

.2

-

-

2.5
4.3
1.2
5.5
2.9
4.3
-

4.8
1.5
.4
3 .3

.3

.1
.7
.1
.2
.6
.2
.7
.2
.1
.1
.1
2.9
(8)
.1

Office workers

Plant workers
Item

All industries

Manufacturing

Nonmanu­
facturing

Public utilities

Retail trade

All industries

M anuf ac tur ing

ALL F U LL -T IM E WO RK ER S -------------

loo

100

100

100

100

loo

100

H O UR S- 5 DAYS -----------------------HO UR S- 5 DAYS -----------------------H O UR S- A D A Y S -------- --------------H O U R S ---- ---------------------------5 DAYS ------------------------------6 DAYS ------------------------------H O UR S- 5 DAYS -----------------------H O UR S- 5 DAYS -----------------------1/A HO UR S- 5 DAYS ------------------1/3 HO UR S- 5 DAYS ------------------H O UR S- 5 DAYS -----------------------1/2 H O UR S- 5 DAYS ------------------H O UR S- 5 1/2 DAYS ------------------1/A HO UR S- 5 DA YS ------------------3 / A HO UR S- 5 DAYS ------------------H O UR S- 5 DAYS ---- ------------------1/2 HO UR S- 5 DAYS ------------------1/2 HO UR S- 5 1/2 DAYS -------------HOURS -------------------------------5 DAYS ------------------------------5 1/2 DAYS -------------------------H O UR S- 5 DAYS -----------------------1/2 H O UR S- 5 1/2 DAYS --------------

1
(9)
1
A
(9)
1
(9)
5
(9)
87

Nonmanu­
facturing

Public utilities

Retail trade

PE RC EN T OF W O RK ER S 3Y SCHE DU LE D
WEEKLY HOURS AND DAYS

20
25
27
30
35
36
36
36
37
37
38
38
38
AO
A2
A3
AA
A5
A6

_

(9 )
(9 )
(9 )
(9 )

2
1
1
A
(9)
92
1
*

39.5

39.8

(9 )

(9)

d
(9)
d
6
2
1
7
77
1
1
1
(9 )
(9 )

99
(9 )

I

AO.O

100

100

10 0 ....

(9)
(9)
(9)
3
«
1
3
(9)
35
(9)
A
52
<9>
(9)

*

38.9

1
3
18
3
1A
57
2
“
1
1
-

(9)
(9)
2
12
8
78
*

(9)
(9)

*

1
*

39.5

38.2

39.0

3
2
5
1
5A
(9)
2
33
(9 )

-

(9 )

—
2
3
36
58
-

16
-

27
57
•
<9)
-

AV ER AG E S C HE DU LE D
WEEKLY HOURS
ALL WE EK LY WORK S C HE DU LE S -----------

S e e fo o t n o t e at en d o f t a b le s .




38.2

38.8

3 8 .6

Plant workers
Item

All industries

Manufacturing

Nonmanu­
facturing

Office wo rk er s
Public utilities

Retail trade

All industries

Manufacturing

Nonmanu­
facturing

Public utilities

Retail trade

100

100

100

PERCENT OF WORKERS
ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS ------------IN ES TA BLISHMENTS NOT PROV ID IN G
PAID HOLIDAYS ----------------------IN ES TA BL IS HM EN TS PR OVIDING
PAID HOLIDAYS -----------------------

loo

100

100

100

100

loo

100

6

(9 )

1

-

4

(9)

1

-

3

99

100

96

100

94

99

99

99

100

97

10.0

10.9

8.1

10.7

6.6

10.1

10.5

9.7

10.6

6.6

(9)
1
1
10
(9)
4
(9)
5
(9)
18
1
20
2
15
4
2

(91
2
3
3o
9
(9)
9

1
-

-

15
10
2
9
i
6
-

(9)
2
14
31
(9)
25
3
23
-

3
2
53
15
6
15
-

(9)
9
(9)
4
2
3

15
1
-

1
1
(9)
2
3
19
1
25
2
18
5
(9)
22
1
-

9
4
22
3
29
1
6
3
2
3
(9)

“
3
(9)
1
1
12
4
39
3
22
1
5
(9)
7
-

(9)
18
(9)
7
3
4
(9)
6
3
9
3
34
6
6
3
“
(9)

1
(9)
12
16
17
25
2
27
*

(9)
57
•
24
7
8
2
•
-

99
98
97
87
83
82
77
59
58
39
37
22
18
17
16
1
1

100
100
99
99
97
97
94
74
73
49
47
29
24
24
23
1
1

96
9h
91
61
52
52
43
27
27
18
17
7
b
3
-

100
99
99
99
99
99
96
82
82
51
51
26
23
14
-

94
90
89
35
21
21
15
-

99
99
99
90
86
84
81
73
69
46
45
15
8
7
3
3

99
99
99
97
96
96
95
83
79
39
37
14
8
8
7
7

99
99
99
85
78
75
71
64
61
52
52
15
9
6
(9)
(9)
(9)

100
100
100
98
98
98
87
70
70
53
53
29
27
16
-

97
97
97
40
16
10
2
•
•
•
-

AVERAGE NU MB ER OF PAID HOLI DA YS
FOR WORKERS IN ESTA BL IS HM EN TS
PROVIDING H O LI DA YS ----------------PERCENT OF WO RK ER S BY NUMBER
OF PAID HOLI DA YS P R O V I D E D 10
2
3
5
6

HOLIDAYS ----------------------------HOLIDAYS ----------------------------HOLIDAYS ----------------------------HOLIDAYS ----------------------------PLUS 1 OR MORE HALF OAYS --------7 HOLIDAYS -----------------------------PLUS 1 OR MORE HALF DAYS --------8 HOLIDAYS ----------------------------PLUS 2 HALF DAYS ------------------9 HOLIDAYS -----------------------------PLUS 1 OR MORE HALF DAYS --------10 HOLIDAYS ---------------------------PLUS 1 OR MORE HALF DAYS --------11 HOLIDAYS ---------------------------PLUS 2 HALF DAYS ------------------12 HOLIDAYS ---------------------------PLUS 1 OR MORE HALF DAYS --------13 HOLIDAYS ---------------------------1A HOLIDAYS ---------------------------15 HOLIDAYS ---------------------------16 HOLIDAYS ---------------------------20 HOLIDAYS ----------------------------

(9 )

(9 )

-

(9 )

PERCENT OF WORKERS BY TOTAL
PAID HOLIDAY TIME P R O V I D E D 1
1
2 DAYS OR MORE ------------------------5 DAYS OR MORE ------------------------6 DAYS OR MORE ------------------------7 DAYS OR MORE ------------------------7 1/2 DAYS OR MORE -------------------8 DAYS OR MORE ------------------------9 DAYS OR MORE ------------------------9 1/2 DAYS OR MORE -------------------10 DAYS OR MORE ----------------------10 1/2 DAYS OR MORE ------------------11 DAYS OR MORE -----------------------12 DAYS OR MORE ----------------------12 1/2 DAYS OR MORE ------------------13 DAYS OR MORE ----------------------14 OAYS OR MORE ----------------------15 DAYS OR MORE ----------------------16 DAYS OR MORE ---- -------------------




-

”

(9 )

-

O ffi c e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m 10

N on m a n u ­
fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A ll in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

100

100

100

100

100
18
90
14
100
99
99
3
1
2

95
23
7
22

100
70
25
57

A ll in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa ctu r in g

N on m a n u ­
fa c t u r in g

100

100

100

100

100

100

92
"
"
"

99
49
21
53
1

98
34
85
1

99
61
37
29
1

100
86
25
67

97
"
6
97
97
97
97

R e t a il tra d e

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

R e t a il tra d e

P ercen t o f w ork ers
A l l f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s ___________________
N ew Y e a r 's D ay
W a s h in g t o n 's B i r t h d a y ______________________
L i n c o l n 's B ir th d a y . .
G o o d F r i d a y ____________________________________
G o o d F r i d a y , h a lf d a y _______________ ______
E a s t e r S u n d a y _________________________________
E a s t e r M on d a y
_ _
M e m o r ia l D a y ________________________________
F o u r th o f Ju ly
_
L a b o r D ay
D ay a ft e r L a b o r D a y __________________________
C o lu m b u s D a y _________________________________
V e t e r a n s D ay
E le ctio n D ay
__ _ _
T h a n k sg iv in g D ay
D ay a ft e r T h a n k s g iv in g _______________________
C h r is t m a s E v e __
C h r is t m a s E v e . h a lf d a y _
C h r is t m a s D ay
_
_ _
C h r is t m a s — ew Y e a r 's h o lid a y p e r i o d 12 __
N
E x t r a d a y d u rin g C h r is t m a s w e e k _________
N ew Y e a r 's E v e _______________________________
N ew Y e a r 's E v e , h a lf day
F lo a t in g h o lid a y , 1 d a y ____________________
F lo a t in g h o lid a y , 2 d a y s 13__________________
F lo a t in g h o l id a y . 3 d a y s 13
E m p lo y e e 's b ir t h d a y __________________________
E m p l o y e e 's a n n i v e r s a r y _____________________
P e r s o n a l h o lid a y , 1 day
P e r s o n a l h o lid a y , 2 d a y s ____________________
P e r s o n a l h o lid a y , 3 d a y s ____________________

See footnotes at end of tables.




98
20
2
68
(’ )
2
9
98
98
98
2
5

5
8
98
59
53
5
98
15
1
31
2
19
3
4
12

2
2
1
1

6
100
80
75
3
99
22
1
43

(’)

23
2
4

6
-

1
-

(9)

51
94
94
94
12
12
13
93
15
7
8
95
1
5
5
11
3
4
23

5
2
3
3

(9)

1
4
99
99
99
39
44
39
99
53
8
23
100
4
2
14

6
11
2
43
14
-

6
90
90
90
94

(9)

2
94
2
18
4

(9)

8
99
99
99
3
27
26
26
99
51
31
11
99
4
2
15
5
21

6
2

5

7
2
2

3

1

3

(9)

9
2

19
99
99
99
8
2
1
3
99
79
59
7
98
10

(9)

28
2
40
4
5
1

(!)
(9)

99
99
99
47
45
44
99
30
9
14
99
-

4
5
6
7
7

(9)

(9)
"

(9)

100
100
100
48
47
40
100
54
4
27
100
-

(9)
(9)

16
2
3

(9)

-

12
3

1

3

39
16
-

-

1

-

(9)

(’)

(’)
7

(9)

97
1

(9)

17
-

-

8

2
-

(’)

O ffic e w o rk e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
Item
A ll in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa ctu r in g

N on m a n u ­
fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

N on m a n u ­
fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

R e t a il tr a d e

lo o

100

lo o

R e t a il tra d e

A ll in d u str ie s

M a n u fa ctu r in g

100

lr,Q

lo o

-

-

100

100

98
3
-

99
(9)

3

3

9
10

b3
b
3

PERCENT OF WORKERS
ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS -----------IN ESTABLISHMENTS NOT PROVIDING
PA 10 V A C A T I O N S ---------------------IN ES TA BLISHMENTS PR OVIDING
PAID VACATIONS ---------------------LENGTH-OF-TIME PAYMENT ----------p e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t ---------------OTHER PAYMENT ----------------------

lo o

100

10 0

100

<9>

-

1

-

2

99
9S

100
94

99
97

100
100

lof)
99

4

6
*

1
1

98
98
-

-

-

(9)

17
34
1

23
3

31

29

2
1

1

1

53
3
35

57

61
J

47
46

(9)

(9)
2

32
1

(9)

-

1

-

-

lo o
lo o

100
100

3
43

37

15
45

11

11

17

*

24
2

43

33

1
36

58

-

-

AMOUNT OF PAID VACATION A F 1E M !14
6 MONTHS OF SERVICE:
UNDER 1 WEEK --------------------1 WEEK ---------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS -----2 WEEKS --------------------------1 YEAR OF SERVICES
1 WEEK ---------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS -----2 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS -----3 WEEKS --------------------------2 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK ---------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 W E e KS -----2 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS -----3 WEEKS ---------------------------

IS
30

1

6

55
4
40

(9)

i

86
6

59
4

-

36
3

53

2
3

1

(9)
6-9
3

3

7

1

14

3

i
1
81
J
9
i
(9)

93
6
1

3
77
4

93
6
i

3
75

4 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK ---------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS -----2 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS -----3 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 w E e KS -----4 WEEKS ---------------------------

3
3
63
19
6
(9)
(9)

3
3
69
19

<9)

1
53

4

62
26
4

(9)

7

_

2

32

6
(9)
(9)




13

9
i

60

3 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK ---------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 W E E K S -----2 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS -----3 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER. 4 W E E K S -----A WEEKS ---------------------------

5 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK ---------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS -----2 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS -----3 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 W E e K S -----'
4 W E E K S --------- ----------------S WEEKS ---------------------------

4
37

12

3
4

1

63
26

8t
J
lo
i
(9)

4

(9)
-

1
48

1
1
62

-

21

4

29

8
-

-

-

(9)

-

1
(9)

9
(9)
ES
3
3
2
1

-

-

97

2

i
(9)
90
d
3

1

1

i
91

2

(0)
(9)
^4

-

2

7b
13
6
-

5
1
(9)

_

2
77
13

9
-

2
1

4

47

1

5
^9

i
(9)
”

2

(9 )
50
10
40

-

-

-

d
(9)
8b
8
4

6
i
-

17
-

6

36

72
c
-

5
-

^4
7

_

11

2
1

1
-

50

40
(9 )

2
(Q)

7
5

-

-

8

16
2
79

2

15

85

37
(9)

75

21

2
(9 )

i
-

1
2

.
-

-

9
-

19
54
9
19

3
_
69
9
19
_
-

97
1
-

3
68
9

2

-

-

20

1
(9)

-

_

co

b9

39

3

2

1

_

37

H
-

58

-

-

8
(9)
*

_
_

Office workers

Plant workers
Nonmanufactur ing

Manufacturing

Public utilities

Retail trade

All industries

1

/.II industries

(9)
(9)
7
2
72

Manufacturing

Nonmanu­
facturing

Public utilities

Retail trade

AMOUNT OF PAID VA CA T I O N A F T E R 14 C O NT IN UE D
10 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 W E E K ----------------------------OV ER 1 AND UN O t R 2 W E E K S ------2 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEcKS ------3 WFFKS --------------------------OVER 3 AND UN DE R 4 wCEKo ------4 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 4 AND UN DE R S WE EK S ------5 WEEKS --------------------------1? y e a r s o f s e r v i c e :
1 WEEK ----------------------------OVER 1 AND UN DE R 2 *EcKS ------2 W E E K S --------------------------OVER 2 AND UN DE R 3 WEcKS ------3 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 3 AND UN DE R 4 WEtKS ------4 WEEKS — — — — —
—
—
OVER a a n d UN DE R S WEC-KS — ---5 w e e k s --------------------------15 y e a r s OF SERVICE:
1 W E E K --------------- ------------OVER I AND UN DE R 2 WEEKS ------2 WEEKS --------------------------3 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 3 AMD UN DE R 4 WE EK S ------4 W E E K S ---- ------— —
——— —
OVER 4 AND UNDER 5 WE tK S ------5 WEEKS --------------------------?„ YEARS OE SERVICE:
1 WEEK ----------------------------? WEEKS --------------------------OVER 2 AND UN D E R 3 WE tK S ----- 3 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 wEtKS ------4 wFFKS --------------------------OVER w AMD UNDER 5 w E c k S ------s WEEKS --------------------------OVER 6 AND UN DE R b * E c . K S --- -25 YEARS OE SERVICE:
1 WEEK ----------------------------2 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 2 AND UN D E R 3 WEtKS ------3 W E E K S ---- -----------------------4 WEEKS
—
— —— —~
”
OVER 4 AND UNDER S WEtKS -----5 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 5 AND UN DE R b w t o K S -----6 WEEKS ---------------------------




(9)
(9 )

8
1
62
18
10

(9)
(9)
(9)
(9)
6
1
59
20

11
1
(9)

26
2
56
25
13
(9)

71

1

3
(9)
9
63
11
18

(9 )

(9)

26
2
53
.27
14
1

89
6

6
2

68

A9
7
15
(9)

3

1

2
5
57
13

78
3
9

13
87
1
2

3

1
(9)
9

13

(9)

1
(9)
5
31

(9)
54

5
54

60
1

44
1

(9)

<->
(9)

1
1
14
44
i
36

(9)
42

(9)
5
(9)

l
14
1

(9)

1
26

(9)
3

2

32

12

72
(9)

33

24

22
34
3
32

2

(9)
10

25

6

40
3
1
14
1
lb

23
1
37
1
1

34
5
54
3

1
63
2
17
1

1
26
(9)
9
(9)
80

83

87
1
2

78
3

22

(9)
19)
S
38
7
45
4
(9)

26

84

41

2

3
5
46

16

2
50
3
32
3

73
1
5
(9)

5
32
1
56
3
1

18
47
3
29
(9)
1

86

38

(9)
12

8

1

(9)
3

22
29

1
38
9
47
5

10

2
41

2
1

12

(9)
80
1
6

35
27

Plant workers
Item

All industries

Manufacturing

Nonmanu­
facturing

Office wo rk er s
Public utilities

Retail trade

All industries

i
26

(9)
3
(9)
10
?9
2
35
1
9
1

Manufacturing

Nonmanu­
facturing

Public utilities

Retail trade

AMOUNT OF PAID VA CATION AETtR 14 CONTINUED
30 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK ---------------------------? WEEKS --------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 wEtrtS -----3 WEEKS --------------------------A WEEKS --------------------------OVER A AMO UNDER 5 WEoKS -----S WEEKS --------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER b wELKS -----6 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 6 AMD UNDER 7 w t c K S -----MAXIMUM VA CATION AVAlUAbLt!
1 w e e k ---------------------------2 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 wEtKS -----3 WEEKS --------------------------A WEEKS --------------------------OVER A AND UNDER 5 WEEKS -----5 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 w E c i a s -----6 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 6 AND UNDER 7 wtcKS -----7 WEEKS ---------------------------

(9)
5
(9)
10
25
4
A2
2
9
2
(9)
5
(9)
10
2A
4
A2
2
10
2

i
6
26
5
A7
2
11
2

1
-

6
26
5
A6
2
12
2

i
1A
1
16
23
l
31
1
s
i
lA
i
16
2j
i
36
i
D
-

(9)
-

(9)
8
-

67
6
19
-

(9)
-

(9)
8
-

67
6
19

_

22
29
_

21

_

_

1
26
_

22
22
27
_

_

_

(9)
"
'

See footnotes at end of tables.




(9)
3
(9)
10
39
1
3A
1
11

i
5
32
1
A2
1
15
2

1
5
32
1
40
1
16

1
A

(9)

5

1A
12
3
29

35
27

64

30

5

22
-

1
4
(9)
1A
AA
1
28

(9)

5

12

35
22

7

64
1
22

(9)

•

“

O ffi c e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
Item

All in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

N on m anu­
fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

R e t a il tra d e

A ll in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa ctu r in g

N on m a n u ­
fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

R e t a il tra d e

PERCENT OE WORKERS
ALL FU LL-TIME WO RK ER S -------------

100

100

100

100

100

If 0

100

100

100

100

IN E S TA BL IS HM EN TS P R OV ID IN G AT
LEAST ONE OF THE BENE FI TS
SHOWN BE LO W1 5 --------------------------

98

99

9h

100

98

99

99

99

100

9b

LIFE INSURANCE ------------------------N O NC ON TR IR UT OR Y PL AN S --------------

91
78

98
85

79
63

99
90

69
58

97

-2

99
80

9o
03

99
d9

89
65

AC CI DE NT AL DEATH «ND
DISMEM BE RM EN T INSURANCE ------------N O NC ON TR IB UT OR Y PLANS --------------

69
59

73
66

6j
4b

78
73

59
36

3
81

73
60

55
44

72
72

66
34

SICK NE SS AND AC CIDENT INSURANCE
OR SICK LEAVE OR B O T H 16--------------

82

88

70

82

77

G4

96

78

99

68

70
60

85
75

4j
31

79
69

28
16

'.
86

81
66

40
33

75
63

31
15

25

17

4^

85

SO

70

79

63

86

44

7

5

i

3

17

3

-

5

2

23

L O NG -T ER M DI SA BI LI TY
INSURANCE -----------------------------NO NC O N T R I B U T O R Y PLANS --------------

26
21

32
28

13

8
7

19

R

30

40
22

4u
36

13
13

23
7

H O SP IT AL IZ AT IO N INSURANCE ----------NO NC O N T R I B U T O R Y PLANS --------------

95
86

98
95

89
6b

100
99

91
51

Q9

99
90

9b
7o

100
99

93
28

SURG IC AL INSURANCE -------------------N O NC ON TR IB UT OR Y PL AN S --------------

95
86

98
95

8*
6fc

100
99

91
51

oq
rd

99
90

98
76

100
99

93
28

MEDICAL INSURANCE --------------------N O NC ON TR IB UT OR Y PL AN S --------------------------

92
89

97

98

82
6^

99
99

80
85

‘■ 6
<
79

96
88

95
7u

99
99

81
28

MAUOR ME DI CA L INSURANCE -------------------------N O NC ON TR IB UT OR Y PLANS --------------------------

62
52

61
55

6j

4-4

87
86

61
29

i
70

89
66

9d
73

99
99

75
25

DENTAL INSURANCE ----------------------------------------N O NC ON TR IB UT OR Y PLANS --------------------------

29
27

31
31

28
17

33
33

20

8

?2
i?

19
19

6

10
10

22
6

RE TI RE ME NT PE NS IO N ------------------------------------NO NC O N T R I B U T O R Y PLANS --------------------------

87
81

95

98

69
5 )

85
84

64
37

-i?
a

94
88

b9
76

79
69

83

S I CK NE SS AND ACCIDENT
INSURANCE --------------------------N O NC ON TR IB UT OR Y PLANS ----------SICK LEAVE (FULL PAY AND NO
W A IT IN G PERIOD) -------------------SICK LEAVE (PARTIAL PAY UR
WA IT IN G PERIOD) -------------------

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




/

Footnotes
A ll o f th e se

s ta n d a r d f o o t n o t e s m a y n ot a p p ly t o th is b u lle tin .

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e
at r e g u la r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and th e e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d t o t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2
T h e m e a n is c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h jo b b y to t a lin g th e e a r n in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n
d e s ig n a te s p o s it io n — h a lf o f th e e m p lo y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e and h a lf r e c e i v e l e s s th an th e ra te s h o w n .
T h e m i d d le r a n g e is d e fin e d
b y tw o r a te s o f p a y ; a f o u r t h o f th e w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s th an th e lo w e r o f t h e s e r a te s and a fo u r t h e a r n m o r e th a n th e h ig h e r r a t e .
3
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
4
T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e la t e t o f o r m a l l y e s t a b lis h e d m in im u m s ta r t in g (h ir in g ) r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a l a r i e s th a t a r e p a id f o r s ta n d a r d
w ork w eek s.
5 E x c lu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l jo b s s u c h a s m e s s e n g e r .
6
D ata a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll s ta n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b i n e d , and f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s ta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .
7 I n c lu d e s a ll p la n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s c u r r e n t ly o p e r a t in g la te s h i f t s , and e s ta b lis h m e n ts w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r la te
s h ift s , e v e n th o u g h th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s w e r e n ot c u r r e n t ly o p e r a t in g la te s h ift s .
8 L e s s than 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t .
9
L e s s than 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
10 F o r p u r p o s e s o f th is s tu d y , p a y f o r a Su nday in D e c e m b e r , n e g o t ia t e d in the a u t o m o b ile in d u s t r y , is n o t t r e a t e d a s a p a id h o lid a y .
11 A l l c o m b in a t io n s o f fu ll and h a lf d a y s th at a dd t o th e s a m e a m ou n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , th e p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g
a to t a l o f 9 d a y s in c lu d e s t h o s e w ith 9 fu ll d a y s a nd n o h a lf d a y s , 8 fu ll d a y s and 2 h a lf d a y s , 7 fu ll d a y s a nd 4 h a lf d a y s , a n d s o on .
P r o p o r t io n s th en w e r e c u m u la te d .
12 A C h r is t m a s — ew Y e a r h o lid a y p e r io d is an u n b r o k e n s e r i e s o f h o lid a y s w h ich in c lu d e s C h r is t m a s E v e , C h r is t m a s D a y , N ew Y e a r 's
N
E v e , and N ew Y e a r 's D a y .
S u ch a h o lid a y p e r i o d is c o m m o n in the a u t o m o b ile , a e r o s p a c e , and f a r m im p le m e n t in d u s t r ie s .
13 " F l o a t i n g " h o lid a y s v a r y f r o m y e a r t o y e a r a c c o r d in g t o e m p lo y e r o r e m p lo y e e c h o ic e .
14 I n c lu d e s p a y m e n ts o t h e r th an "le n g t h o f t i m e , " s u ch as p e r c e n t a g e o f annual e a r n in g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d t o an
e q u iv a le n t t im e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , 2 p e r c e n t o f an n u a l e a r n in g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y . P e r io d s o f s e r v i c e a r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y
and do n ot n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n ; f o r e x a m p le , ch a n g e s in p r o p o r t io n s at 10 y e a r s in c lu d e c h a n g e s b e tw e e n
5 and 10 y e a r s . E s t im a t e s a r e c u m u la tiv e . T h u s , th e p r o p o r t io n e lig ib le f o r at le a s t 3 w e e k s ' p a y a ft e r 10 y e a r s in c lu d e s t h o s e e l i g i b l e f o r
at le a s t 3 w e e k s ' p a y a ft e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
15 E s t im a t e s l i s t e d a f t e r ty p e o f b e n e fit a r e f o r a ll p la n s f o r w h ic h at le a s t a p a rt o f th e c o s t is b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r . " N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y
p la n s " in c lu d e o n ly t h o s e fin a n c e d e n t ir e ly b y th e e m p lo y e r .
E x c lu d e d a r e le g a l l y r e q u ir e d p la n s , su ch a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l
s e c u r it y , and r a i l r o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
18 U n d u p lic a te d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s a nd a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly b e lo w . S ic k le a v e p la n s a r e
lim it e d t o t h o s e w h ic h d e fin it e ly e s t a b lis h at le a s t th e m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' pay th at e a c h e m p lo y e e ca n e x p e c t .
I n f o r m a l s ic k le a v e
a llo w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d on an in d iv id u a l b a s is a r e e x c lu d e d .




Appendix A
Ar e a w a g e and related benefits data are obtained by personal visits of Bu r e a u field represent­
atives at 3-year intervals. 1 In each of the intervening years, information on em pl o y m e n t and
occupational earnings is collected by a combination of personal visit, mail questionnaire, and tele­
phone interview fr o m establishments participating in the previous survey.
In each of the 83 2 areas currently surveyed, data are obtained f r o m representative estab­
lishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communication, and other
public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major
industry groups excluded f r o m these studies are government operations and the construction and
extractive industries. Establishments having fewer than a prescribed n u m b e r of workers are omitted
because of insufficient e m p l o y m e n t in the occupations studied. Separate tabulations are prorvided for
each of the broad industry divisions which me e t publication criteria.
These surveys are conducted on a sample basis. Th e sampling procedures involve detailed
stratification of all establishments within the scope of an individual area survey by industry and n u m b e r
of employees. F r o m this stratified universe a probability sample is selected, with each establishment
having a predetermined chance of selection. T o obtain o p t i m u m accuracy at m i n i m u m cost, a greater
proportion of large than small establishments is selected. W h e n data are combined, each establishment
is weighted according to its probability of selection, so that unbiased estimates are generated. Fo r
example, if one out of four establishments is selected, it is given a weight of four to represent itself
plus three others. A n alternate of the s a m e original probability is chosen in the s a m e industry-size
classification if data are not available for the original sample m e m b e r . If no suitable substitute is
available, additional weight is assigned to a sample m e m b e r that is similar to the missing unit.
Occupations and Earnings
Occupations selected for study are c o m m o n to a variety of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing
industries, and are of the following types: (1) Office clerical; (2) professional and technical; (3)
maintenance and powerplant; and (4) custodial and material mo vement. Occupational classification is
based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation
in duties within the s a m e job. Occupations selected for study are listed and described in appendix B.
Unless otherwise indicated, the earnings data following the job titles are for all industries combined.
Earnings data for s o m e of the occupations listed and described, or for s o m e industry divisions within
occupations, are not presented in the A-series tables, because either (1) em pl oy me nt in the occupation
is too small to provide enough data to merit presentation, or (2) there is possibility of disclosure of
individual establishment data. Separate me n' s and w o me n' s earnings data are not presented w h e n the
n u m b e r of workers not identified by sex is 20 percent or m o r e of the m e n or w o m e n identified in an
occupation. Earnings data not shown separately for industry divisions are included in all industries
co mbined data, wh er e shown. Likewise, data are included in the overall classification w h e n a sub­
classification of electronics technicians, secretaries, or truckdrivers is not shown or information to
subclassify is not available.
Occupational em pl o y m e n t and earnings data are shown for full-time workers, i.e., those hired
to w o r k a regular weekly schedule. Earnings data exclude p r e m i u m pay for overtime and for w o r k on
weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living allowances
ahd incentive bonuses are included. W e e k l y hours for office clerical and professional and technical
occupations refer to the standard w o r k w e e k (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which employees
receive regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or p r e m i u m rates).
Average weekly earnings for these occupations are rounded to the nearest half dollar.
These surveys m e a s u r e the level of occupational earnings in an area at a particular time.
Comp ar is on s of individual occupational averages over time m a y not reflect expected w a g e changes.
Th e averages for individual jobs are affected by changes in wages and em pl o y m e n t patterns. Fo r
example, proportions of wo rk er s e m pl oy ed by high- or low-wage firms m a y change, or high-wage
1 Personal v isits w ere on a 2 - y e a r c y c le b e fo re Ju ly 1972.
2 In clud ed in the 83 are as are 13 stu d ie s c o n d u c te d by the Bureau under c o n tract.
T h ese areas are A kron, Ohio; A u stin , T e x . ; Bingh am ton,
N . Y . — Pa. ; B irm in gh am , A l a . ; Fort L a u d e rd a le —H o lly w oo d and W est P a lm B each —Boca R ato n , F l a . ; Lexington—F a y e tte , K y . ; M elbou rn e—T i t u s v i l l e C o c o a , F l a . ; N o rfolk —V irg in ia B e ac h —Portsm outh an d New port N ew s—H am p to n , V a. —N .C . ; P ough keepsie—K in g ston —N ewburgh, N . Y . ; R a le ig h —
D urh am , N .C . ; S y r ac u se , N . Y . ; U t ic a —R o m e , N . Y . ; an d W estch ester C ou nty, N .Y .
In ad d itio n , the Bureau con ducts m ore lim it e d a r e a stud ies
in a p p ro x im ate ly 70 are as a t the req u est o f th e E m p lo y m en t Stan dards A d m in istratio n o f the U. S . D epartm en t o f Labor.




wo rk er s m a y advance to better jobs and be replaced by n e w workers at lower rates. Such shifts in
e m pl oy me nt could decrease an occupational average even though mo s t establishments in an area
increase wa ge s during the year. Trends in earnings of occupational groups, shown in table A-7,
are better indicators of w a g e trends than individual jobs within the groups.
Average earnings reflect composite, areawide estimates. Industries and establishments differ
in pay level and job staffing, and thus contribute differently to the estimates for each jobl Pay
averages m a y fail to reflect accurately the wa g e differential a m o n g jobs in individual establishments.
Average pay levels for m e n and w o m e n in selected occupations should not be a s s u m e d to
reflect differences in pay of the sexes within individual establishments. Factors which m a y contribute
to differences include progression within established rate ranges, since only the rates paid incumbents
are collected, and performance of specific duties within the general survey job descriptions. Job
descriptions used to classify employees in these surveys usually are m o r e generalized than those used
in individual establishments and allow for mi n o r differences a m o n g establishments in specific
duties performed.
Occupational em pl o y m e n t estimates represent the total in all establishments within the scope
of the study and not the n u m b e r actually surveyed. Because occupational structures a m o n g establish­
me nt s differ, estimates of occupational e m p l o y m e n t obtained f r o m the sample of establishments studied
serve only to indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occupational
structure do not affect materially the accuracy of the earnings data.
W a g e trends for selected occupational groups
Th e
Annual rates
span between
increased at

percents of change in table A - 7 relate to wa g e changes between the indicated dates.
of increase, wh e r e shown, reflect the amount of increase for 12 months wh en the time
surveys w a s other than 12 months. Annual rates are based on the assumption that wages
a constant rate between surveys.

Occupations used to compute wa g e trends are:
Office clerical (men and w o m e n ) :
Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class B
Clerks, accounting, classes A and B
Clerks, file, classes A, B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Ke ypunch operators, classes A and B
Messen ge rs
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B
Electronic data processing
(m en and w o m e n ) :
C o m p u t e r operators, classes A, B, and C
C o m p u t e r p r o g r a m m e r s , classes A, B,
and C

Electronic data processing (men
and w o m e n ) — Continued
C o m p u t e r systems analysts, classes A,
B, and C
Industrial nurses (men and w o m e n ) :
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
Tool and die m a k e r s
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, material handling

Percent changes for individual areas in the p r o g r a m are comp ut ed as follows:
1. E a c h occupation is assigned a weight based on its proportionate em ployment in the selected
group of occupations in the base year.
2. These weights are used to compute group averages. E a c h occupation's average (mean)
earnings is multiplied by its weight. T h e products are totaled to obtain a group average.
3. T h e ratio of group averages for 2 consecutive years is co mputed by dividing the average
for the current year by the average for the earlier year. T h e results— expressed as a percent— less 100
is the percent change.

Establishment practices and supplementary w a g e provisions
The B-series tables provide information on establishment practices and supplementary wa ge
provisions for full-time plant and office workers.
’
’Plant workers" include working foremen and all
nonsupervisory workers (including leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions. Cafeteria
workers and routemen are excluded fr o m manufacturing, but included in nonmanufacturing industries.
"Office workers" include working supervisors and nonsupervisory workers performing clerical or
related functions. Administrative, executive, professional, and part-time employees are excluded.
Part-time employees are those hired to w o r k a schedule calling regularly for fewer weekly hours than
the establishment's schedule for full-time employees in the s a m e general type of work. The
determination is based on the employer's distinction between the two groups which m a y take into
account not only differences in w o r k schedules but differences in pay and benefits.
M i n i m u m entrance salaries for office workers relate only to the establishments visited. (See
table B-l.) Because of the o p t i m u m sampling techniques used and the probability that large
establishments are m o r e likely them small establishments to have formal entrance rates above the
subclerical level, the table is m o r e representative of policies in m e d i u m and large establishments.
Shift differential data are limited to full-time plant workers in manufacturing industries. (See
table B-2.) This information is presented in te r m s of (1) establishment policy 3 for total plant w o rk er
employment, and (2) effective practice for workers employed on the specified shift at the time of the
survey. In establishments having varied differentials, the amount applying to a majority is used. In
establishments having s o m e late-shift hours paid at no rm al rates, a differential is recorded only if it
applies to a majority of the shift hours. A second (evening) shift ends wo r k at or near midnight. A
third (night) shift starts w o r k at or near midnight.
The scheduled weekly hours and days of a majority of the first-shift workers in an establish­
ment are tabulated as applying to all full-time plant or office workers of that establishment. (See
table B-3.) Scheduled weekly hours and days are those which a majority of full-time employees are
expected to w o r k for straight-time or overtime rates.
Paid holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans are treated statistically
as applying to all full-time plant or office workers if a majority of such workers are eligible or m a y
eventually qualify for the practices listed. (See tables B- 4 through B-6.) S u m s of individual items in
tables B-2 through B- 5 m a y not equal totals because of rounding..

T h e s u m m a r y of vacation plans is a statistical m e a s u r e of vacation provisions rather than a
m e a s u r e of the proportion of full-time wo rk er s actually receiving specific benefits. (Se$ table B-5.)
Provisions apply to all plant or office wo rk er s in an establishment regardless of length of service.
Pa ym e n t s on other than a time basis are converted to a time period; for example, 2 percent of
annual earnings are considered equivalent to 1 week's pay. Only basic plans are included. Estimates
exclude vacation bonuses, vacation-savings plans, and "extended" or "sabbatical" benefits beyond basic
plans. Such provisions are typical in the steel, aluminum, and can industries.
Health, insurance, and pension plans for which the em pl o y e r pays at least a part of the cost
include those (1) underwritten by a co m m e r c i a l insurance c o m p a n y or nonprofit organization, (2)
provided through a union fund, or (3) paid directly by the empl oy er out of current operating funds or
f r o m a fund set aside for this purpose. (See table B-6.) A n establishment is considered to have
such a plan if the majority of employees are covered even though less than a majority participate
under the plan because employees are required to contribute toward the cost. Excluded are
legally required plans, such as w o rk me n' s compensation, social security, and railroad retirement.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of insurance under which predetermined
cash payments are m a d e directly to the insured during t e mp or ar y illness or accident disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to which the em ployer contributes. Ho wever, in N e w
Y o r k and N e w Jersey, which have enacted t e mp or ar y disability insurance laws requiring employer
contributions,4 plans are included only if the empl oy er (1) contributes m o r e than is legally required,'
or (2) provides the employee with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations of
paid sick leave plans are limited to formal plans5 which provide full pay or a proportion of the
worker's pay during absence f r o m w o r k because of illness. Separate tabulations are presented
according to (1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans which provide either
partial pay or a waiting period. In addition to the presentation of proportions of wo rk er s provided
sickness and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated toted is shown of w o rk er s w h o
receive either or both types of benefits.
Lo ng te r m disability insurance plans provide paym en ts to totally disabled employees upon the
expiration of their paid sick leave and/or sickness and accident insurance, or after a predetermined
period of disability (typically 6 months). P a y m e n t s are m a d e until the end of the disability, a
m a x i m u m age, or eligibility for retirement benefits. Full or partial payments are almost always
reduced by social security, work me n' s compensation, and private pensions benefits payable to the
disabled employee.

Data on paid holidays are limited to holidays granted annually on a formal basis, which (1)
are provided for in written form, or (2) are established by custom.
(See table B-4.) Holidays
ordinarily granted are included even though they m a y fall on a nonworkday and the wo rker is not
granted another day off. Th e first part of the paid holidays table presents the n u m b e r of whole and
half holidays actually granted. Th e second part combines whole and half holidays to show total holiday
time. Table B- 4 a reports the incidence of the mo s t c o m m o n paid holidays.

Ma jo r medical insurance plans protect employees f r o m sickness and injury expenses beyond
the coverage of basic hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans. Typical features of ma j o r medical
plans are (1) a "deductible" (e.g., $50) paid by the insured before benefits begin; (2) a coinsurance
feature requiring the insured to pay a portion (e.g., 20 percent) of certain expenses; ancj (3) stated
dollar m a x i m u m benefits (e.g., $ 10, 000 a year). Medical insurance provides complete or partial
payment of doctors' fees. Dental insurance usually covers fillings, extractions, and X-rays. Excluded
are plans which cover only oral surgery or accident damage.
Retirement pension plans provide
payments for the remainder of the worker's life.

3 A n estab lish m e n t w as con sidered as h av in g a p o lic y if it m et eith er o f the fo llow in g con dition s: (1 ) O p erated la t e .L ifts a t the tim e o f the
survey, or (2 ) had fo rm al provisions cov e rin g la te shifts.
A n estab lish m e n t w as con sid e red as h av in g fo rm al provisions if it (1 ) h ad o p e rated late
shifts during the 12 months b e fo re the survey, or (2 ) h ad p rovisions in w ritten fo rm to o p e rate la te shifts.

* T h e tem porary d isab ility law s in C alifo r n ia and Rhode Islan d do not req u ire e m p lo y e r con tribu tio ns.
® A n establish m en t is con sidered as h av ing a fo rm al p lan if i t e stab lish e d at l e a s t the m in im u m nu m ber o f d a y s sick le a v e a v a ila b le
e m p lo y e e .
Su ch a p lan need not be w ritten; but in form al sic k le a v e a llo w a n c e s, d e te rm in e d on an in d iv id u a l b a sis, are e x clu d e d .




to e ac h

Wo rk er s in establishments

N u m b e r of establishments
Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Industry division2

Within scope of study
Within scope
of study *

Studied

Total4

Studied
Number

Percent

Full-time
plant workers

Full-time
office workers

Total4

ALL E S T A BL IS HM EN TS
795

210

221,267

100

139,717

30,927

199,696

so
-

286
609

81
129

129,217
97,050

b6
<♦4

91,006
93,711

13,393
17,039

90,96b
58,698

50
50
50
50
50

69
105
191
93
106

26
18
35
15
35

19,960
8,507
90,91b
12,830
15,837

9
9
18
6
7

10,925
<6 )
19,719
<7 )
<6 )

3,380
<6 )
2,867
<6 )
<6 )

15,997
2,967
21,992
9,710
8,632

76

66

133.112

100

83,777

19,838

129,111

35
91

32
39

82,927
50,185

62
38

61,103
22,679

9,051
10,737

79,708
99,903

7
1
19
6
8

7
1
13
6
7

12,519
600
29,198
8,000
9,923

9
i
18
6
4

6,365
<6 >
13,901
<7 )
<6 )

2,539
<6 )
1,999
( )
<6 )

12,519
600
18,996
H*u00
4* J43

ALL DIVI SI ON S --------------------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------TR AN SP OR TA TI ON , C O M M UN IC AT IO N, AND
o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5 ---------------------WHOLESALE TRADE
-------------------------------RETAIL TRADE
-----------------------------------FINANCE, i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l ES TA TE
-------S E R V I C E S 8 ---------------------------------------LARGE E S T A B L I S H M E N T S
ALL D I VI SI ON S --------------------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------TR AN SP OR TA TI ON , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d
OTHER PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 5 ----------------------------------------------------WH OLESALE t r a d e
RETAIL t r a d e
-----------------------------------f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and real e s ta te
-------S E R V I C E S 8 ----------------------------------------

500
-

50 0
500
500
500
500

1 The Buffalo Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the Office of M a n a g e m e n t and Budget through February 1974, consists of Erie and Niagara Counties. The "workers within
scope of study" estimates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. Estimates are not intended, however,
for comparison with other em pl o y m e n t indexes to m e a s u r e employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wa g e surveys requires establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll
period studied, and (2) small establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 Th e 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual w a s used to classify establishments by industry division.
3 Includes all establishments with total em ployment at or above the m i n i m u m limitation. All outlets (within the area) of companies in industries such as trade, finance, auto repair service,
and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes executive, professional, part-time, and other workers excluded fr o m the separate plant and office categories.
5 Abbreviated to "public utilities" in the A- and B-series tables. Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation w e r e excluded. The municipally operated portion of Buffalo's transit
system is excluded by definition fr o m the scope of the study.
6 This division is represented in estimates for "all industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the A-series tables, and for " all industries" in the B-series tables. Separate presentation of data
is not m a d e for one or m o r e of the following reasons: (1). E m pl oy me nt is too small to provide enough data to merit separate study, (2) the sample wa s not designed initially to permit separate
presentation, (3) response wa s insufficient or inadequate to permit separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data.
7 W o r k e r s f r o m this entire division are represented in estimates for "all industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the A-series tables, but fr o m the real estateportion only inestimates
for
"all industries" in the B-series tables. Separate presentation of data is not m a d e for one or m o r e of the reasons given in footnote 6.
8 Hotels and motels; laundries and otiier personal services; business services; automobile repair, rental, and parking; motion pictures; nonprofit m e m b e r s h i p organizations (excluding religious
and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectural services.

Industrial! composition in manufacturing

L a b o r - m a n a g e m e n t agreement coverage

A l mo st three-fifths of the wo rk er s within scope of the survey in the Buffalo area
w e r e employed in manufacturing firms. The following presents the major industry groups
and specific industries as a percent of all manufacturing:

The following tabulation shows the percent of full-time plant and office workers
employed in establishments in which a union contract or contracts covered a majority of
the workers in the respective categories, Buffalo, N.Y., October 1975:

Industry groups

Motor vehicles and
equipment_________________
17
Blast furnace and basic
steel products________________ 14
Metal stampings____________
5
Electrical industrial
apparatus___________________ 5

Plant workers

Specific industries

Transportation equipment______ 19
P r i m a r y meted industries______ 18
Fabricated metal products_____ 11
Machinery, except electrical__ 8
Chemicals and allied
products______________________ 8
Electrical equipment and
supplies______________________ 7
Fo od and kindred products ____ 6

This information is based on estimates of total em ployment derived fr o m universe
materials compiled before actual survey. Proportions in various industry divisions m a y
differ fr om proportions based on the results of the survey as shown in the appendix table.




All industries_______________
Manufacturing___________
No nmanufacturing________
Public utilities________
Retail trade___________

80
90
59
100
37

Office workers
17

14
19
78

A n establishment is considered to have a contract covering all plant or office
workers if a majority of such workers is covered by a labor-management agreement.
Therefore, all other plant or office workers are employed in establishments that either
do not have la bor-management contracts in effect, or have contracts that apply to fewer
than half of their plant or office workers. Estimates are not necessarily representative of
the extent to which all workers in the area m a y be covered by the provisions of laborm a n a g e m e n t agreements, because small establishments are excluded and the industrial scope
of the survey is limited.




Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

T h e p r im a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s fo r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s is t o a s s i s t its fi e ld s t a ff in c l a s s i fy in g in to a p p r o p r ia t e
o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w ho a r e e m p lo y e d und er a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o l l t it l e s and d iffe r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b lis h m e n t t o e s t a b lis h m e n t and
fr o m a re a to a rea .
T h is p e r m it s the g rou p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n tin g c o m p a r a b le j o b c o n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f t h is e m p h a s is on
in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t and in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ilit y o f o c c u p a t io n a l co n t e n t , the B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s ig n ific a n t ly f r o m t h o s e in u se in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's fi e ld e c o n o m i s t s a re in s t r u c t e d
t o e x c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p r e n t ic e s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a in e e s ; and h a n d ica p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t io n a r y w o r k e r s .

O FF IC E

B I L L E R , M A C H IN E

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T IN G

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , and in v o i c e s on a m a ch in e oth e r than an o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a t ic
t y p e w r i t e r . M a y a ls o k e e p r e c o r d s as t o b illin g s o r sh ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l w o rk
in c id e n t a l t o b illin g o p e r a t io n s . F o r w a g e stud y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a ch in e , a re c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f
m a c h in e , as fo l lo w s :

P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e a cco u n tin g c l e r i c a l t a s k s s u c h as p o s tin g t o r e g i s t e r s and le d g e r s ;
r e c o n c i li n g bank a c c o u n ts ; v e r ify in g the in te r n a l c o n s is t e n c y , c o m p le t e n e s s , and m a th e m a tic a l a c c u r a c y
o f a cco u n tin g d o c u m e n t s ; a s s ig n in g p r e s c r i b e d a cco u n tin g d is t r ib u t io n c o d e s ; ex a m in in g and v e r ify in g
fo r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a lc u la t io n s , p o s t in g , e t c . ; o r p r e p a r in g sim p le o r
a s s is t in g in p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p li c a t e d jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s . M ay w o r k in e it h e r a m a n u a l o r a u tom ated
a cco u n tin g s y s t e m .

B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e ).
U s e s a s p e c i a l b illin g m a ch in e (c o m b in a t io n ty p in g and
a dding m a c h in e ) t o p r e p a r e b il ls and in v o i c e s fr o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in te r n a lly p r e p a r e d
o r d e r s , sh ip p in g m e m o r a n d u m s , e t c .
U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a tio n o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n t s and
sh ip p in g c h a r g e s and e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s io n s , w h ic h m a y o r m a y not b e c o m p u te d on th e b illin g
m a c h in e , and t o t a l s w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c cu m u la te d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a t io n u su a lly in v o lv e s a
la r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p ie s o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d and is often done on a fa n fo ld m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ). U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a ch in e (w ith o r w ith ou t a
t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b il ls as p a rt o f the a cco u n ts r e c e iv a b l e o p e r a t io n .
G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s th e sim u lt a n e o u s e n t r y o f fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d .
T h e m a ch in e
a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la te s fi g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s and co m p u te s and u su a lly p r in t s
a u t o m a t ic a lly th e d e b it o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s not in v o lv e a k n ow led g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o r k s f r o m
u n ifo r m and sta n d a rd t y p e s o f s a le s and c r e d i t s lip s .

T h e w o r k r e q u i r e s a k n o w le d g e o f c l e r i c a l m e th o d s and o f f i c e p r a c t ic e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h ich
r e la t e s t o th e c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s in g and r e c o r d in g o f t r a n s a c t io n s and a cco u n tin g in fo r m a t io n .
W ith
e x p e r ie n c e , the w o r k e r t y p ic a lly b e c o m e s fa m il ia r w ith th e b o o k k e e p in g and a ccou n tin g t e r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in th e a s s ig n e d w o r k , but is not r e q u ir e d t o h a ve a k n o w le d g e o f the f o r m a l p r in c ip le s
o f b o o k k e e p in g and a cco u n tin g .
P o s it i o n s

a re c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .

C la s s A . U n d er g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r f o r m s a cco u n tin g c l e r i c a l o p e r a t io n s w h ich r e q u ire
th e a p p lic a t io n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m e n t , f o r e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s in g c o m p lic a t e d o r
n o n r e p e t it iv e a cco u n tin g t r a n s a c t i o n s , s e le c t in g am on g a s u b s ta n tia l v a r ie t y o f p r e s c r ib e d a ccou n tin g
c o d e s and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c in g t r a n s a c t io n s th ou g h p r e v io u s a cco u n tin g a ctio n s t o d e te r m in e
s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s . M a y b e a s s i s t e d b y on e o r m o r e c l a s s B a cco u n tin g c l e r k s .

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (w ith o r w ithout a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) t o k e e p a r e c o r d o f
b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s .
C l a s s A . K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n ow led g e o f and e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic b o o k k e e p in g
p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m il ia r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t ic u la r a ccou n tin g s y s t e m u se d .
D e t e r m in e s
p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d i s t r ib u t io n o f d e b it and c r e d it it e m s t o b e u s e d in e a ch p h a se o f th e w o r k . M ay
p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a t e d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e t s , and o th e r r e c o r d s b y hand.

C l a s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f on e o r m o r e p h a se s o r s e c t io n s o f a set o f r e c o r d s u su a lly
r e q u ir in g lit t le k n o w le d g e o f b a s ic b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t io n s in clu d e a c c o u n ts p a y a b le , p a y r o l l,
c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n ts (not in clu d in g a s im p le ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r i b e d u nd er b i l l e r , m a c h in e ), c o s t
d is t r ib u t io n , e x p e n s e d is t r ib u t io n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l, e t c . M a y ch e c k o r a s s is t in p r e p a r a t io n o f t r i a l
b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a cco u n tin g d e p a rtm e n t.

C la s s B . U n d er c l o s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s and s ta n d a rd iz e d p r o c e d u r e s ,
p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e ro u tin e a cco u n tin g c l e r i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , s u c h as p o s tin g to le d g e r s , c a r d s , o r
w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e id e n t ific a t io n o f it e m s and lo c a t io n s o f p o s t in g s a re c l e a r ly in d ic a te d ; ch e c k in g
a c c u r a c y and c o m p le t e n e s s o f s t a n d a r d iz e d and r e p e t it iv e r e c o r d s o r a cco u n tin g d o c u m e n ts ; and cod in g
d o c u m e n ts u sin g a fe w p r e s c r i b e d a cco u n tin g c o d e s .
C L E R K , F IL E
F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r ie v e s m a t e r ia l in an e s t a b lis h e d filin g s y s t e m .
M ay p e r fo r m
c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l t a s k s r e q u ir e d t o m a in ta in f i l e s . P o s it io n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to le v e l s on the b a s is
o f th e fo llo w in g d e f in it io n s .
C la s s A . C l a s s if ie s and
d o c u m e n t s , e t c . , in an e s t a b lis h e d
M a y a ls o f i le th is m a t e r ia l.
M ay
le a d a s m a ll g r o u p o f lo w e r le v e l

in d e x e s f i le m a t e r ia l su c h as c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n ic a l
filin g s y s t e m c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a tte r f i le s .
k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c t io n w ith the fi le s .
M ay
fi le c l e r k s .

R e v is e d o c c u p a t io n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s fo r s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r ; s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t ; m a c h in e -t o o l o p e r a t o r , t o o lr o o m ; and t o o l and d ie m a k e r a r e b e in g in tr o d u c e d
th is y e a r .
T h e y a r e the r e s u lt o f the B u r e a u 's p o l ic y o f p e r io d ic a l ly r e v ie w in g a r e a w ag e s u r v e y o c c u p a t io n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s in o r d e r to ta k e in to a c c o u n t t e c h n o l o g ic a l d e v e lo p m e n ts
and t o c l a r i f y d e s c r i p t i o n s so th a t th ey a r e m o r e r e a d ily u n d e rs to o d and u n ifo r m ly in t e r p r e t e d .
E v en though the r e v i s e d d e s c r i p t i o n s r e f l e c t b a s ic a l ly the sa m e o c c u p a t io n s as p r e v io u s ly
d e fin e d , s o m e r e p o r t in g c h a n g e s m a y o c c u r b e c a u s e o f the r e v i s io n s .
T h e n ew s in g le le v e l d e s c r i p t i o n fo r sw itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r i s not the e q u iv a le n t o f the tw o le v e l s p r e v io u s l y d e fin e d .




S E C R E T A R Y — C on tin u ed
C la s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l b y s im p le (s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h ea d in g s
o r p a r t ly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r ia l b y f i n e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s im p le r e la t e d in d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e
a id s. As r e q u e s t e d , lo c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n t ifie d m a t e r ia l in f i l e s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l. M ay p e r f o r m
r e la t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d t o m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C la s s C .
P e r f o r m s ro u tin e filin g o f m a t e r ia l that h a s a lr e a d y b een c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ic h is
e a s il y c l a s s i f i e d in a s im p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f ic a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a lp h a b e t ic a l, c h r o n o lo g i c a l, o r
n u m e r ic a l). A s r e q u e s t e d , lo c a t e s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a t e r ia l in f i l e s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l; and m a y
f i l l out w ith d ra w a l c h a r g e . M a y p e r f o r m s im p le c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d t o m a in ta in and
s e r v i c e f i le s .
C L E R K , ORDER

■E xclusions
Not a ll p o s it io n s that a r e tit le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s .
p o s it io n s w h ic h a re e x c lu d e d f r o m the d e fin it io n a r e as f o l lo w s :
a.

P o s it io n s w h ic h do n ot m e e t th e " p e r s o n a l "

b.

S t e n o g ra p h e r s

c.
S te n o g ra p h e r s
m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ;

se c r e ta r y co n ce p t d e s crib e d

CLERK, PAYROLL
C om p u tes w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p lo y e e s and e n t e r s the n e c e s s a r y data on the p a y r o l l s h e e t s .
D u ties in v o lv e :
C a lc u la tin g w o r k e r s ' e a r n in g s b a s e d on t im e o r p r o d u c t io n r e c o r d s ; and p o s tin g
ca lc u la t e d da ta on p a y r o l l s h e e t , sh ow in g in fo r m a t io n su c h as w o r k e r 's n a m e , w d rk in g d a y s , t im e ,
r a t e , d e d u ctio n s f o r in s u r a n c e , and t o t a l w a g e s du e. M ay m a k e out p a y c h e c k s and a s s is t p a y m a s te r
in m a kin g up and d is t r ib u t in g p a y e n v e lo p e s .
M a y u s e a c a lc u la t in g m a c h in e .
KEYPUNCH O P E R A T O R
O p e r a te s a k ey p u n ch m a ch in e t o r e c o r d o r v e r i f y
c a r d s o r on ta p e.
P o s it io n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to le v e l s

a lp h a b e tic a n d /o r n u m e r i c da ta on ta bu latin g

on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin it io n s .

C la s s A .
W o r k r e q u i r e s th e a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m e n t in s e le c t in g p r o c e d u r e s
t o b e fo llo w e d and in s e a r c h in g f o r , in t e r p r e t in g , s e l e c t i n g , o r co d in g it e m s t o b e k e y p u n ch e d f r o m a
v a r ie t y o f s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s . On o c c a s io n m a y a ls o p e r f o r m s o m e ro u tin e k e y p u n ch w o r k . M ay tr a in
in e x p e r ie n c e d k e y p u n ch o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B .
W o rk is ro u tin e and r e p e t it iv e .
U n d er c l o s e s u p e r v is io n o r fo llo w in g s p e c i f i c
p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t io n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r io u s s t a n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts w h ic h h a v e b e e n c o d e d ,
and fo llo w s s p e c i f ie d p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h h a ve b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e ta il and r e q u ir e lit t le o r n o s e l e c t i n g ,
c o d in g , o r in te r p r e t in g o f da ta t o b e r e c o r d e d . R e f e r s t o s u p e r v is o r p r o b l e m s a r is in g f r o m e r r o n e o u s
it e m s o r c o d e s o r m is s in g in fo r m a t io n .
M ESSEN G ER

a bove;

not fu lly t r a in e d in s e c r e t a r i a l t y p e d u tie s ;
s e r v in g

as

o ffic e

a s s is t a n t s

to

a grou p

o f p r o fe s s io n a l,

d.
S e c r e t a r y p o s it io n s in w h ich th e d u tie s a re e it h e r s u b s t a n t ia lly m o r e
s ta n tia lly m o r e c o m p le x and r e s p o n s ib le than t h o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e fin it io n ;

R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s * o r d e r s f o r m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a il , p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a ll y .
D u ties in v o lv e any c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo l lo w i n g : Q u otin g p r i c e s t o c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g out an o r d e r
s h e e t listin g the it e m s t o m a k e up th e o r d e r ; ch e c k in g p r i c e s and q u a n titie s o f it e m s on o r d e r sh eet;
and d istr ib u tin g o r d e r s h e e ts t o r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r tm e n ts t o b e fi ll e d . M ay c h e c k w ith c r e d i t d e p a r tm e n t
t o d e te r m in e c r e d i t ra tin g o f c u s t o m e r , a ck n o w le d g e r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s , fo l lo w up
o r d e r s t o se e that th e y h a ve b e e n f i ll e d , k e e p f i le o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and c h e c k sh ip p in g in v o i c e s
w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .

E x a m p le s o f

t e c h n i c a l,

or

r o u tin e o r s u b ­

e.
A s s is ta n t ty p e p o s it io n s w h ic h in v o lv e m o r e d iff ic u lt o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b le t e c h n i c a l,
a d m in is t r a t iv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c i a l iz e d c l e r i c a l d u tie s w h ic h a r e n ot t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l
w ork.
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e l e v e l d e fin it io n s fo llo w in g , r e f e r s t o t h o s e
o f f i c i a l s w h o have a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o lic y m a k in g r o l e w ith r e g a r d t o m a jo r c o m p a n y
a c t iv i t ie s .
T he t it le " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " th ou g h n o r m a ll y in d ic a t iv e o f t h is r o l e , d o e s not in a ll c a s e s
id e n t ify su c h p o s it io n s . V i c e p r e s id e n t s w h o s e p r im a r y r e s p o n s i b il it y i s t o a ct p e r s o n a ll y on in d iv id u a l
c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t io n s ( e .g ., a p p r o v e o r den y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t io n s ; a d m in is t e r in d iv id u a l
t r u s t a c c o u n ts ; d i r e c t ly s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff) a r e not c o n s i d e r e d t o b e " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " fo r
p u r p o s e s o f applying the fo llo w in g le v e l d e f in i t io n s .
C la s s A
1.
S e c r e t a r y t o the ch a irm a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a co m p a n y that e m p l o y s ,
o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

in a ll,

2.
S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o t h e r than th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a
c o m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 but f e w e r than 2 5 , 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
3.
S e c r e t a r y t o the h ea d , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l , o f a m a jo r
o r s u b s id ia r y o f a c o m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

se g m e n t

C la s s B
1. S e c r e t a r y t o the c h a irm a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a co m p a n y that e m p l o y s ,
fe w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

in a ll,

2.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o t h e r than th e c h a ir m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a
c o m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3.
S e c r e t a r y t o the h ea d , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w th e o f f i c e r l e v e l , o v e r e it h e r a m a jo r c o r p o r a t e ­
w id e fu n c tio n a l a c t iv it y ( e .g ., m a r k e t in g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , in d u s t r ia l r e l a t i o n s , e t c . ) o r a m a jo r
g e o g r a p h ic o r o rg a n iz a t io n a l se g m e n t ( e .g ., a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a jo r d i v is i o n ) o f a co m p a n y
that e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but fe w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r

P e r f o r m s v a r io u s ro u tin e d u tie s su c h as running e r r a n d s , o p e r a t in g m in o r o f f i c e m a c h in e s
su c h as s e a le r s o r m a i l e r s , op en in g and d is t r ib u t in g m a il , and o t h e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x clu d e
p o s it io n s that r e q u ir e o p e r a t io n o f a m o t o r v e h ic le as a s ig n ific a n t duty.

4.
S e c r e t a r y t o the h ea d o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t,
o f f i c i a l ) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

SECRETARY

5.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h ea d o f a la r g e and im p o r t a n t o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v is o r o f an o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t often in v o lv in g as m a n y as s e v e r a l h u n d red
p e r s o n s ) o r a com p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll , o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s . -

A s s ig n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly t o on e in d iv id u a l.
M a in ta in s a c l o s e and h ig h ly
r e s p o n s iv e r e la t io n s h ip t o th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k o f th e s u p e r v is o r .
W o r k s fa ir ly in d e p e n d e n tly
r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d s u p e r v is io n and g u id a n c e . P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l
d u tie s , u su a lly in clu d in g m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g :
a.
R e c e iv e s te le p h o n e c a l l s , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and in c o m in g m a il, a n s w e r s ro u tin e in q u ir e s ,
and r o u te s t e c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s t o th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ;
b.

M a in ta in s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r and m a k e s a p p oin tm en ts as in s t r u c t e d ;

d.
v i s o r 's

E s t a b li s h e s ,

c.

m a in t a in s ,

and r e v i s e s the

R e la y s m e s s a g e s f r o m

P e r fo r m s

s u p e r v is o r t o s u b o r d in a t e s ;

s t e n o g r a p h ic and ty p in g w o rk .

M ay a ls o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n a tu re and d iffic u lt y .
T h e w o rk t y p ic a lly r e q u ir e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e rou tin e and u n d ersta n d in g o f the o r g a n iz a t io n , p r o g r a m s ,
and p r o c e d u r e s r e la t e d t o th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v is o r .




e t c . (o r o t h e r e q u iv a le n t

le v e l o f

C la s s C
1.
S e c r e t a r y t o an e x e c u t iv e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s i b il it y i s not e q u iv a le n t t o
on e o f the s p e c i fic le v e l s itu a tio n s in th e d e fin it io n f o r c l a s s B , but w h o s e o r g a n iz a t io n a l unit
n o r m a lly n u m b e rs at le a s t s e v e r a l d oz en e m p l o y e e s and is u s u a lly d iv id e d in to o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t s
w h ic h a re ofte n , in tu rn , fu r t h e r s u b d iv id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , t h is le v e l in c lu d e s a w id e ra n g e o f
o r g a n iz a t io n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , on ly one o r t w o ; o r

s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ;

e.
R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s f o r th e s u p e r ­
sig n a tu r e t o a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and t y p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ;
f.

fa c t o r y ,

2.
S e c r e t a r y t o the h ea d o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t,
o f f i c i a l ) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s .

fa c t o r y ,

etc.

(o r o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f

C la s s D
1.
S e c r e t a r y t o the
about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; £ r

s u p e r v is o r

or

head

of

a s m a ll

o r g a n iz a tio n a l,

unit

(e .g .,

fe w e r

than

2.
S e c r e t a r y t o a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s t a ff s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e , a d m in is t r a t iv e
o f f i c e r , o r a s s is ta n t, s k ille d t e c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E :
M a n y c o m p a n ie s a s s ig n s t e n o g r a p h e r s ,
r a t h e r than s e c r e t a r ie s as d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , t o t h is le v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r .)

STEN O G RAPH E R

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ( E l e c t r i c A c c o u n tin g M a c h in e O p e r a t o r )

P r i m a r y du ty is t o ta k e d i c t a t io n u sin g sh o r th a n d , and t o t r a n s c r i b e the d ic t a t io n . M a y a ls o
t y p e f r o m w r itte n c o p y .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
M a y o c c a s io n a ll y t r a n s c r i b e f r o m
v o ic e
r e c o r d in g s ( i f p r im a r y du ty is t r a n s c r i b i n g fr o m
r e c o r d in g s , s e e T r a n s c r i b i n g - M a c h i n e
O p e r a t o r , G e n e r a l).

O p e r a t e s on e o r a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s s u c h as th e t a b u la t o r , c a lc u la t o r , c o l l a t o r , in t e r p r e t e r ,
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , e t c . E x c lu d e d f r o m t h is d e fin it io n a r e w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r s . A ls o e x c lu d e d
a r e o p e r a t o r s o f e l e c t r o n i c d ig it a l c o m p u t e r s , e v e n th ou g h th e y m a y a ls o o p e r a t e E A M e q u ip m en t.

N O T E : T h is j o b i s d is t in g u is h e d f r o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a s e c r e t a r y n o r m a ll y w o r k s
in a c o n fid e n t ia l r e la t io n s h ip w ith o n ly on e m a n a g e r o r e x e c u t iv e and p e r f o r m s m o r e r e s p o n s i b le and
d i s c r e t io n a r y t a s k s as d e s c r i b e d in th e s e c r e t a r y j o b d e fin itio n .

C la s s A . P e r f o r m s c o m p le t e r e p o r t in g and ta b u la tin g a s s ig n m e n t s in clu d in g d e v is in g d iffic u lt
c o n t r o l p a n e l w ir in g u n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n .
A s s ig n m e n t s t y p i c a ll y in v o lv e a v a r ie t y o f lo n g and
c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ic h often a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r in g , r e q u ir in g s o m e pla n n in g o f th e n a tu re and
s e q u e n c in g o f o p e r a t i o n s , and th e u se o f a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s . I s t y p i c a ll y in v o lv e d in tra in in g new
o p e r a t o r s in m a ch in e o p e r a t io n s o r tr a in in g l o w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m * and in
th e o p e r a t in g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n ot in c lu d e p o s it io n s in w h ic h w ir in g
r e s p o n s i b il it y is lim it e d t o s e l e c t i o n and in s e r t i o n o f p r e w ir e d b o a r d s .

S ten og ra p h er, G e n e ra l
D ic ta tio n in v o l v e s a n o r m a l ro u tin e v o c a b u la r y .
o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e ly r o u t in e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .

M ay m a in ta in

file s ,

k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s ,

S t e n o g r a p h e r , S e n io r
D ic ta tio n in v o l v e s a v a r ie d t e c h n i c a l , o r s p e c i a l iz e d v o c a b u la r y s u c h as in le g a l b r i e f s
r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h . M a y a ls o s e t up and m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .

or

OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u tie s r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n t ly g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n ce and r e s p o n s i b il it y
than s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l, as e v id e n c e d b y th e fo llo w in g : W o r k r e q u i r e s a h ig h d e g r e e o f s t e n o g r a p h ic
s p e e d and a c c u r a c y ; a t h o r o u g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s and o f f i c e p r o c e d u r e ; and of
th e s p e c i f i c b u s in e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n is a t i o n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s , w o r k f lo w , e t c . U s e s th is
k n o w le d g e in p e r fo r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u tie s and r e s p o n s i b le c l e r i c a l t a s k s su ch as m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p
f i l e s ; a s s e m b lin g m a t e r ia l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , a n d l e t t e r s ; c o m p o s in g s im p le le t t e r s f r o m
g e n e r a l in s t r u c t io n s ; re a d in g and r o u t in g in c o m in g m a il; and a n sw e rin g rou tin e q u e s t io n s , e t c .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a t e le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o le u s e d w ith a p r iv a te b r a n c h e x c h a n g e (P B X )
s y s t e m t o r e l a y in c o m in g , o u t g o in g , and in t r a - s y s t e m c a ll s .
M ay p r o v id e in fo r m a t io n t o c a l l e r s ,
r e c o r d and t r a n s m it m e s s a g e s , k e e p r e c o r d o f c a ll s p la c e d and t o l l c h a r g e s .
B e s id e s o p e r a t in g a
t e le p h o n e s w it c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r f o r m rou tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k (ty pin g o r r o u tin e
c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y o c c u p y th e m a j o r p o r t io n o f the w o r k e r ’ s t im e , and is u su a lly p e r f o r m e d w h ile at
th e s w itc h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e ) .
C h ie f o r le a d o p e r a t o r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e than one
o p e r a t o r a r e e x c lu d e d . F o r an o p e r a t o r w h o a ls o a c ts as a r e c e p t i o n is t , s e e S w it c h b o a r d O p e r a t o r R e c e p t io n is t .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T I O N I S T
At a s i n g le - p o s i t i o n t e le p h o n e s w it c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , a cts b oth as an o p e r a t o r — s e e S w it c h ­
b o a r d O p e r a t o r — and as a r e c e p t i o n is t . R e c e p t io n is t 's w o r k in v o lv e s s u c h d u tie s as g r e e t in g v i s i t o r s ;
d e t e r m in in g n a tu re o f v i s i t o r 's b u s in e s s and p r o v id in g a p p r o p r ia t e in fo r m a t io n ; r e f e r r i n g v i s i t o r to
a p p r o p r ia t e p e r s o n in th e o r g a n iz a t io n , o r co n t a c t in g that p e r s o n b y te le p h o n e and a r r a n g in g an
a p p o in tm e n t; k e e p in g a lo g o f v i s i t o r s .

P o s it io n s

a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s on th e b a s is o f th e fo llo w in g d e fin it io n s .

C la s s B . P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d i n g t o e s t a b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and u n d er s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t io n s .
A s s ig n m e n t s t y p i c a ll y in v o lv e c o m p le t e but r o u tin e and r e c u r r in g r e p o r t s o r p a r t s o f la r g e r and m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a t e s m o r e d i ff ic u l t t a b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g m a c h in e s su ch as th e
t a b u la t o r and c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d ition t o th e s i m p l e r m a c h in e s u s e d b y c l a s s C o p e r a t o r s .
M ay b e
r e q u i r e d t o d o s o m e w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s .
M a y t r a in n e w e m p l o y e e s in b a s ic m a ch in e o p e r a t io n s .
C l a s s C . U n d e r s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t io n s , o p e r a t e s s im p le ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a cco u n tin g
m a c h in e s s u c h as th e s o r t e r , in t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , c o l l a t o r , e t c .
A s s ig n m e n t s t y p ic a lly
in v o lv e p o r t io n s o f a w o r k unit, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g o r c o lla t in g ru n s , o r r e p e t it iv e
o p e ra tio n s .
M a y p e r f o r m s im p le w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s , and d o s o m e filin g w o r k .
T R A N S C R IB IN G rM A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L
P r i m a r y duty i s t o t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l ro u tin e v o c a b u la r y f r o m t r a n ­
s c r i b i n g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w r it te n c o p y and do s im p le c l e r i c a l w o r k . W o r k e r s
t r a n s c r i b i n g d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y su c h as le g a l b r i e f s o r
r e p o r t s on s c ie n t i f ic r e s e a r c h a re not in c lu d e d .
A w o r k e r w h o ta k e s d ic ta tio n in sh orth a n d o r b y
S te n o ty p e o r s i m il a r m a c h in e is c l a s s i f i e d as a s t e n o g r a p h e r .
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r t o m a k e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls o r t o m a k e out b i l l s a ft e r ca lc u la t io n s
h a ve b e e n m a d e b y a n o th e r p e r s o n .
M ay in c lu d e ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m il a r m a t e r ia ls fo r
u s e in d u p lica tin g p r o c e s s e s . M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g li t t le s p e c i a l t r a in in g , su c h 3.8 k e e p in g
s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s ,, o r s o r t in g and d i s t r ib u t in g in c o m in g m a il.
C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f th e fo l lo w i n g : T y p in g m a t e r ia l in fin a l f o r m w hen it
in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r ia l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r r e s p o n s i b il it y f o r c o r r e c t s p e llin g , s y lla b ic a t io n ,
p u n ctu a tio n , e t c . , o f t e c h n i c a l o r u n u su al w o r d s o r fo r e ig n la n g u a g e m a t e r ia l; o r pla n n in g la y o u t and
ty p in g o f c o m p li c a t e d s t a t is t i c a l t a b le s t o m a in ta in u n ifo r m it y and b a la n c e in s p a c in g . M a y ty p e rou tin e
f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y in g d e t a ils t o su it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .

C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f th e fo l lo w i n g : C o p y ty p in g f r o m ro u g h o r c l e a r d r a ft s ;
o r r o u tin e ty p in g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c ; o r s e t t in g up s im p le s ta n d a rd ta b u la tio n s ; o r
c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x t a b le s a lr e a d y s e t up and s p a c e d p r o p e r ly .

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
COM PU TER OPERATOR

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — C on tin u ed

M o n it o r s and o p e r a t e s th e c o n t r o l c o n s o le o f a d ig it a l c o m p u t e r t o p r o c e s s da ta c c c o r d i n g t o
o p e r a t in g in s t r u c t io n s , u s u a lly p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m m e r .
W o rk in c lu d e s m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g :
S tu d ie s in s t r u c t io n s t o d e t e r m in e e q u ip m e n t setu p and o p e r a t io n s ; lo a d s eq u ip m e n t w ith r e q u i r e d
it e m s (ta p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w it c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia r y eq u ip m en t in to c i r c u i t , and s t a r t s and
o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d ju s t m e n t s t o c o m p u t e r t o c o r r e c t o p e r a tin g p r o b l e m s and m e e t s p e c i a l
c o n d it io n s ; r e v ie w s e r r o r s m a d e d u rin g o p e r a t io n and d e t e r m in e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m t o
s u p e r v is o r o r p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a in t a in s o p e r a t in g r e c o r d s .
M ay t e s t and a s s i s t in c o r r e c t i n g
progra m .

C la s s _ B .
O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n t ly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t io n , a c o m p u t e r running
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s : M o s t o f th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b lis h e d p r o d u c t io n
r u n s , t y p i c a ll y run on a r e g u l a r ly r e c u r r in g b a s i s ; t h e r e i s li t t le o r n o t e s tin g o f n ew p r o g r a m s
r e q u i r e d ; a lte r n a te p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v id e d in c a s e o r i g in a l p r o g r a m j i e e d s m a jo r ch a n g e o r ca n n ot b e
c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b ly t im e . In c o m m o n e r r o r s it u a t io n s , d ia g n o s e s c a u s e and t a k e s c o r r e c t i v e
a c t io n .
T h is u s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p ly in g p r e v io u s l y p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u sin g sta n d a rd
c o r r e c t i o n t e c h n iq u e s .
OR

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

co m p u te r o p e ra to rs

a r e c l a s s i f i e d as fo l lo w s :

C la s s A .
O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n t ly , o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n , a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
N ew p r o g r a m s a re fr e q u e n t ly t e s t e d and
in t r o d u c e d ; s c h e d u lin g r e q u ir e m e n t s a r e o f c r i t i c a l im p o r t a n c e t o m in im iz e d o w n tim e ; th e p r o g r a m s
a r e o f c o m p le x d e s ig n s o that id e n t if ic a t io n o f e r r o r s o u r c e often r e q u i r e s a w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f th e
t o t a l p r o g r a m , and a lte r n a te p r o g r a m s m a y not b e a v a ila b le .
M ay g iv e d ir e c t io n and g u id a n c e to
lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .




O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v is io n a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s o r s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s
w ith th e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A . M a y a s s i s t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r b y in d ep en d en tly
p e r fo r m i n g l e s s d iff ic u lt t a s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m i n g d i ff ic u l t t a s k s fo llo w in g d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s
and w ith fr e q u e n t r e v ie w o f o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d .
C l a s s C . W o r k s on r o u tin e p r o g r a m s u n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v is io n . Is e x p e c t e d t o d e v e lo p w o rk in g
k n o w le d g e o f th e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t u s e d and a b ilit y t o d e t e c t p r o b l e m s in v o lv e d in run ning rou tin e
p r o g r a m s . U s u a lly h a s r e c e i v e d s o m e f o r m a l t r a in in g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t io n . M ay a s s i s t h ig h e r le v e l
o p e r a t o r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .

C o n v e r t s s ta te m e n ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p i c a ll y p r e p a r e d b y a s y s t e m s a n a ly s t, in to a
s e q u e n c e o f d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s w h ic h a r e r e q u i r e d t o s o lv e th e p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a t ic da ta p r o c e s s i n g
eq u ip m e n t. W o r k in g f r o m c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s th e p r e c i s e in s t r u c t io n s w h ic h ,
w hen e n t e r e d in to th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d la n g u a g e , c a u s e th e m a n ip u la tio n o f d a ta t o a c h ie v e
d e s ir e d r e s u lt s .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g ;
A p p lie s k n o w le d g e o f c o m p u t e r c a p a b il it i e s ,
m a th e m a t ic s , l o g i c e m p lo y e d b y c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t i c u l a r s u b je c t m a t t e r in v o lv e d t o a n a ly z e c h a r t s
and d ia g r a m s o f th e p r o b l e m t o b e p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s s e q u e n c e o f p r o g r a m s t e p s ; w r i t e s d e t a ile d
flo w c h a r t s t o sh ow o r d e r in w h ic h da ta w il l b e p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s t h e s e c h a r t s t o c o d e d in s t r u c t io n s
f o r m a ch in e t o fo l lo w ; t e s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s t r u c t io n s f o r o p e r a t in g p e r s o n n e l
d u rin g p r o d u c t io n ru n ; a n a ly z e s , r e v i e w s , and a lt e r s p r o g r a m s t o in c r e a s e o p e r a t in g e f f i c i e n c y o r
adapt t o new r e q u ir e m e n t s ; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s o f p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t and r e v i s io n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s
p e r fo r m i n g b o th s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g sh o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts i f t h is is
th e s k il l u s e d t o d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)
D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r im a r i ly r e s p o n s i b le f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o th e r
e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o g r a m m e r s p r im a r i ly c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c a n d /o r
e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

progra m m ers

a re c l a s s i f i e d as fo l lo w s :

C la s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t io n on c o m p le x p r o b l e m s w h ic h
r e q u ir e c o m p e t e n c e in a ll p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m m in g c o n c e p t s and p r a c t i c e s .
W o r k in g f r o m d ia g r a m s
and c h a r t s w h ic h id e n t ify th e n a tu re o f d e s ir e d r e s u lt s , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g s te p s t o b e a c c o m p li s h e d ,
and th e r e la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n v a r io u s s te p s o f the p r o b l e m s o lv in g ro u t in e ; p la n s th e fu ll ra n g e
o f p r o g r a m m in g a c t io n s n e e d e d t o e f f ic i e n t ly u t iliz e th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in a c h ie v in g d e s ir e d
en d p r o d u c t s .
At th is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m in g i s d iffic u lt b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t m u s t b e o r g a n iz e d t o
p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in t e r r e l a t e d but d i v e r s e p r o d u c t s f r o m n u m e r o u s and d i v e r s e da ta e le m e n t s . A w id e
v a r ie t y and e x t e n s iv e n u m b e r o f in te r n a l p r o c e s s i n g a c t io n s m u st o c c u r . T h is r e q u i r e s s u c h a c t io n s as
d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t io n s w h ic h ca n b e r e u s e d , e s t a b lis h m e n t o f lin k a g e p o in ts b e tw e e n
o p e r a t io n s , a d ju stm e n ts t o da ta w hen p r o g r a m r e q u ir e m e n t s e x c e e d c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , and
su b sta n tia l m a n ip u la tio n and r e s e q u e n c in g o f da ta e le m e n t s t o f o r m a h ig h ly in te g r a t e d p r o g r a m .
M a y p r o v id e

fu n c t io n a l

d i r e c t io n t o

lo w e r le v e l

progra m m ers

w ho a re

s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s fo l lo w s :

C l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t io n on c o m p le x p r o b l e m s in v o lv in g
a ll p h a s e s o f s y s t e m a n a ly s is .
P r o b le m s a r e c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f in pu t da ta and
m u lt i p l e -u s e re q u ir e m e n t s o f output da ta . ( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in t e g r a t e d p r o d u c t io n s c h e d u lin g ,
in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in w h ic h e v e r y it e m o f e a c h t y p e is
a u t o m a t ic a lly p r o c e s s e d th ro u g h th e fu ll s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r ia t e fo llo w u p a c t io n s a r e in it ia t e d
b y th e c o m p u t e r .) C o n fe r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o d e t e r m in e th e da ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and
a d v is e s s u b je c t -m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e i m p li c a t io n s o f n ew o r r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f d a ta p r o c e s s i n g
o p e r a t io n s . M a k es r e c o m m e n d a t io n s , i f n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a jo r s y s t e m s in s t a lla t io n s o r ch a n g e s
and f o r ob ta in in g e q u ip m en t.
M a y p r o v id e fu n c t io n a l d ir e c t io n t o lo w e r l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s w h o a r e a s s i g n e d t o a a s is t .
C l a s s B . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t io n on p r o b l e m s that a r e r e l a t i v e ly
u n c o m p lic a t e d t o a n a ly z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , and o p e r a t e . P r o b le m s a r e o f li m it e d c o m p le x it y b e c a u s e
s o u r c e s o f input da ta a r e h o m o g e n e o u s and th e outpu t d a ta a r e c l o s e l y r e la t e d . ( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e l o p s
s y s t e m s fo r m a in ta in in g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n ts in a b a n k , m a in ta in in g a c c o u n t s r e c e iv a b l e in a r e t a il
e s t a b lis h m e n t , o r m a in ta in in g in v e n t o r y a c c o u n ts in a m a n u fa c t u r in g o r w h o le s a le e s t a b l is h m e n t .)
C o n f e r s w it h p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o d e t e r m in e th e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v is e s s u b j e c t m a tt e r p e r s o n n e l on th e im p lic a t io n s o f th e da ta p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s t o b e a p p lie d .
OR
W o r k s o n a se g m e n t o f a c o m p le x da ta p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m , as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A.
W o r k s in d ep en d en tly on r o u tin e a s s ig n m e n t s and r e c e i v e s in s t r u c t io n and g u id a n c e on c o m p le x
a s s ig n m e n t s . W o rk is r e v ie w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t , c o m p li a n c e w ith in s t r u c t io n s , and t o in s u r e
p r o p e r a lig n m en t w ith th e o v e r a ll s y s t e m .
C la s s C . W o r k s u n d er im m e d ia t e s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y i n g ou t a n a ly s e s as a s s i g n e d , u s u a lly
o f a s in g le a ct iv it y .
A s s ig n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d t o d e v e l o p and e x p a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e in the,
a p p lic a t io n o f p r o c e d u r e s and s k il ls r e q u i r e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a ly s is w o r k . F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s i s t a
h ig h e r l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly st b y p r e p a r in g th e d e t a ile d s p e c i f ic a t i o n s r e q u i r e d b y p r o g r a m m e r s f r o m
in fo r m a t io n d e v e lo p e d b y th e h ig h e r le v e l a n a ly s t.

a s s ig n e d t o a s s i s t .

G la s s B . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r on ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t io n on r e l a t i v e ly s im p le p r o g r a m s ,
o r on s im p le s e g m e n t s o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s . P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a lly p r o c e s s in fo r m a t io n t o
p r o d u c e data in tw o o r t h r e e v a r ie d s e q u e n c e s o r fo r m a t s .
R e p o r t s and l i s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y
r e fin in g , a d a p tin g , a r r a y in g , o r m a k in g m in o r a d d itio n s t o o r d e le t io n s f r o m in put d a ta w h ic h a re
r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e p r o c e s s e d , th e da ta h a ve b e e n r e f in e d in p r i o r
a c t io n s s o that th e a c c u r a c y and s e q u e n c in g o f da ta ca n b e t e s t e d b y u sin g a fe w r o u tin e c h e c k s .
T y p ic a l ly , th e p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith r o u tin e r e c o r d - k e e p in g ty p e o p e r a t io n s .
OR
W o rk s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A ) u n d er c l o s e d i r e c t io n o f a h ig h e r
le v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r b y in d e p e n d e n tly p e r fo r m i n g
l e s s d iffic u lt t a s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m i n g m o r e d iff ic u lt t a s k s u n d e r f a i r l y c l o s e d ir e c t io n .
M a y g u id e o r in s t r u c t lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s C . M a k e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a t io n s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t i c e s and c o n c e p t s u s u a lly le a r n e d
in f o r m a l tr a in in g c o u r s e s .
A s s ig n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d t o d e v e lo p c o m p e t e n c e in th e a p p lic a t io n o f
sta n d a rd p r o c e d u r e s t o r o u tin e p r o b l e m s . R e c e iv e s c l o s e s u p e r v is io n on n e w a s p e c t s o f a s s ig n m e n t s ;
and w o r k is r e v ie w e d t o v e r i f y it s a c c u r a c y and c o n f o r m a n c e w ith r e q u i r e d p r o c e d u r e s .
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BU SIN ESS
A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s t o fo r m u la t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g t h e m b y u se o f e l e c t r o n i c
da ta p r o c e s s in g e q u ip m e n t.
D e v e lo p s a c o m p le t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f a ll s p e c i f ic a t i o n s n e e d e d t o e n a b le
p r o g r a m m e r s t o p r e p a r e r e q u i r e d d ig it a l c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m s .
W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l lo w i n g :
A n a ly z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t io n s t o b e a u to m a te d and id e n t if ie s c o n d it io n s and c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d t o
a c h ie v e s a t is fa c t o r y r e s u lt s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r and t y p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d o c u m e n t s t o b e u se d ;
o u t lin e s a ctio n s t o b e p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u t e r s in s u f fic ie n t d e t a il f o r p r e s e n t a t io n t o
m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m in g (t y p ic a lly t h is in v o l v e s p r e p a r a t io n o f w o r k and da ta flo w c h a r t s );
c o o r d in a t e s th e d e v e lo p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s and p a r t ic ip a t e s in t r i a l ru n s o f n e w and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ;
and r e c p m m e n d s eq u ip m e n t c h a n g e s t o o b ta in m o r e e ff e c t iv e o v e r a l l o p e r a t i o n s .
(N O T E :
W ork ers
p e r fo r m in g b o th s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g sh o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts i f th is i s
th e s k ill u s e d t o d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)
D o e s not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r i ly r e s p o n s i b le f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o t h e r
e le c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts p r im a r i ly c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c o r
e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .




F o r w age study p u r p o s e s ,

DRAFTER
C la s s A . P la n 8 th e g r a p h ic p r e s e n t a t io n o f c o m p le x it e m s h a v in g d is t i n c t iv e d e s ig n fe a t u r e s
that d i ff e r s ig n ific a n t ly f r o m e s t a b lis h e d d r a ft in g p r e c e d e n t s . W o r k s in c l o s e s u p p o r t w ith th e d e s ig n
o r i g in a t o r , and m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s .
A n a ly z e s th e e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e on the
d e t a ils o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , and p o s it io n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m p o n e n t s and p a r t s .
W o r k s w ith a
m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s i s t a n c e . C o m p le t e d w o r k i s r e v i e w e d b y d e s ig n o r i g in a t o r f o r c o n s is t e n c y
w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m in a t io n s . M a y e it h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t io n b y
lo w e r le v e l d r a f t e r s .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n r o u tin e and c o m p le x d r a ft in g a s s ig n m e n t s th a t r e q u i r e th e a p p lic a t io n
o f m o s t o f the s t a n d a r d iz e d d ra w in g t e c h n iq u e s r e g u l a r ly u s e d . D u tie s t y p i c a ll y in v o lv e s u c h w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w o rk in g d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s , m u lt ip le fu n c t io n s , and p r e c i s e
p o s it i o n a l r e la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a
b u ild in g in clu d in g d e t a il d r a w in g s o f fo u n d a tio n s , w a ll s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p l a n s , and r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d
fo r m u la s and m a n u a ls in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y c o m p u t a t io n s t o d e t e r m in e q u a n titie s o f m a t e r ia ls t o b e
u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t ie s , s t r e n g t h s , s t r e s s e s , e t c .
R e c e i v e s in it ia l i n s t r u c t io n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , and
a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le t e d w o r k i s c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n i c a l a d e q u a c y .
C la s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s o f s in g le u n its o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t i o n ,
m a n u fa c t u r in g , o r r e p a ir p u r p o s e s .
T y p e s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o je c t i o n s
(d e p ic tin g t h r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) and s e c t io n a l v ie w s t o c l a r i f y p o s it io n in g o f c o m p o n e n t s
and c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a t io n .
C o n s o lid a t e s d e t a ils f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s and a d ju s t s o r
t r a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ir e d .
S u g g e s te d m e t h o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v ic e on
s o u r c e m a t e r ia ls a r e g iv e n w ith in it ia l a s s ig n m e n t s . I n s t r u c t io n s a r e l e s s c o m p le t e w h en a s s ig n m e n t s
recu r.
W o r k m a y b e s p o t -c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T E R -T R A C E R
C o p ie s p la n s and d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p la c in g t r a c i n g c lo t h o r p a p e r o v e r d r a w in g s
and t r a c i n g w ith pen o r p e n c il .
(D o e s n ot in c lu d e t r a c i n g li m it e d t o p la n s p r i m a r i l y c o n s is t i n g o f
s tr a ig h t lin e s and a la r g e s c a l e n ot r e q u ir in g c l o s e d e l in e a t i o n .)
A N D /O R
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e t it iv e d r a w in g s o f e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d i t e m s .
d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

W o rk is c lo s e ly

s u p e r v is e d

W ork s on
c o m b in a t io n o f th e
c o n s t r u c t in g , and
p r i n c i p l e s , a b ility

v a r io u s ty p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c eq u ip m en t and r e la t e d d e v ic e s b y p e r fo r m in g one o r a
fo llo w in g : I n s t a llin g , m a in ta in in g , r e p a ir in g , o v e rh a u lin g , t r o u b le s h o o t in g , m o d ify in g ,
t e s t in g .
W o r k r e q u i r e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n o f t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e o f e l e c t r o n i c s
t o d e t e r m in e m a lfu n c t io n s , and s k ill to put eq u ip m en t in r e q u ir e d o p e r a t in g co n d itio n .

C la s s B . A p p lie s c o m p r e h e n s iv e t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e c o m p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e ., t h o se
that . t y p ic a lly can b e s o l v e d s o l e ly b y p r o p e r ly in te r p r e t in g m a n u fa c t u r e r s ' m a n u als o r s im ila r
d o c u m e n t s ) in w o rk in g on e le c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t. W o rk in v o l v e s : A fa m il ia r i t y w ith the in t e r r e l a t i o n ­
s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; and .ju d g m e n t in d e t e r m in in g w o rk s e q u e n c e and in s e le c t in g t o o ls and te stin g
in s t r u m e n t s , u su a lly l e s s c o m p le x than th o s e u se d b y the c l a s s A t e c h n ic ia n .

T h e e q u ip m e n t— c o n s is t i n g o f e it h e r m any d iffe r e n t k in d s o f c i r c u it s o r m u lt ip le r e p e t it io n o f
th e s a m e kind o f c i r c u it — in c lu d e s , but is not lim it e d t o , the fo llo w in g :
(a ) E l e c t r o n i c tra n s m it t in g
and r e c e iv in g eq u ip m e n t ( e . g . , r a d a r , r a d io , t e le v i s io n , te le p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v ig a t io n a l a id s ), (b)
d ig it a l and a n a log c o m p u t e r s , and ( c ) in d u s t r ia l and m e d ic a l m e a s u rin g and c o n t r o llin g e q u ip m en t.

R e c e iv e s t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e , as r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r le v e l t e c h n ic ia n , and
w o r k is r e v ie w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s and w o r k a s s ig n m e n t s . May p r o v id e
t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e t o lo w e r le v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .

T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c l u d e s r e p a i r e r s o f su ch sta n d a rd e le c t r o n i c eq u ip m en t as c o m m o n o f f ic e
m a c h in e s and h o u s e h o ld r a d io and t e le v i s io n s e t s ; p r o d u c tio n a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o se
p r im a r y duty is s e r v i c i n g e l e c t r o n i c t e s t in s t r u m e n t s ; t e c h n ic ia n s w h o h a ve a d m in is t r a t iv e o r
s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s i b il it y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s ig n e r s , and p r o fe s s io n a l e n g in e e r s .

C la s s C . A p p lie s w o rk in g t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to p e r f o r m . s im p le o r rou tin e t a sk s in w ork in g
on e le c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t, fo llo w in g d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s w h ic h c o v e r v ir t u a lly a ll p r o c e d u r e s .
W ork
t y p i c a ll y in v o lv e s s u c h t a s k s a s: A s s is t in g h ig h e r le v e l t e c h n ic ia n s b y p e r fo r m in g su ch a c t iv it ie s as
r e p la c in g c o m p o n e n t s , w ir in g c i r c u i t s , and ta kin g t e s t r e a d in g s ; r e p a ir in g s im p le e le c t r o n i c eq u ip m en t;
and u sin g t o o ls and c o m m o n t e s t in s t r u m e n t s ( e . g . , m u lt i m e t e r s , a u d io s ig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tube t e s t e r s ,
o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) . Is not r e q u ir e d t o b e fa m il ia r w ith the in t e r r e la t io n s h ip s o f c i r c u it s . T h is k n o w le d g e ,
h o w e v e r , m a y b e a c q u ir e d th rou g h a s s ig n m e n t s d e s ig n e d t o i n c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e (in clu d in g c l a s s r o o m
t r a in in g ) s o that w o r k e r can a d v an ce t o h ig h e r le v e l t e c h n ic ia n .

P o s it i o n s

a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to le v e l s

on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin it io n s .

R e c e iv e s t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e , as r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r le v e l t e c h n ic ia n . W ork
is t y p i c a ll y sp ot c h e c k e d , but is g iv e n d e t a ile d re v ie w w hen n ew o r a d v a n c e d a s s ig n m e n ts a re in v o lv e d .

G la s s A .
A p p lie s a d v a n c e d t e c h n i c a l k n ow led g e to s o lv e u n u su ally c o m p le x p r o b l e m s ( i . e .,
th o s e that t y p i c a ll y ca n n ot b e s o l v e d s o l e ly b y
r e f e r e n c e t o m a n u fa c t u r e r s ' m a n u a ls o r s i m il a r
d o c u m e n t s ) in w o rk in g on e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t.
E x a m p le s o f su ch p r o b le m s in c lu d e lo c a t io n and
d e n s ity o f c i r c u i t r y , e l e c t r o - m a g n e t i c ra d ia tio n , is o la t in g m a lfu n c t io n s , and fr e q u e n t e n g in e e r in g
ch a n g e s .
W o rk in v o l v e s :
A d e t a ile d u n d ersta n d in g o f the in te r r e la t io n s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g
in d ep en d en t ju d g m e n t in p e r fo r m i n g s u c h t a s k s as m a k in g c i r c u it a n a ly s e s , ca lc u la t in g w a v e f o r m s ,
t r a c in g r e la t io n s h ip s in s ig n a l flo w ; and r e g u la r ly using c o m p le x t e s t in s tru m e n ts ( e . g . , du al t r a c e
o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia t io n m e t e r s , p u lse g e n e r a t o r s ) .
W ork m ay be re v ie w e d b y
c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s .

s u p e r v is o r (fre q u e n tly an e n g in e e r o r d e s ig n e r )
M ay p r o v id e t e c h n ic a l g u id a n c e t o lo w e r le v e l

fo r g e n e r a l
t e c h n ic ia n s .

N U R SE , IN D U S T R IA L ( R e g i s t e r e d )
A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g iv e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e u n d er g e n e r a l m e d i c a l d ir e c t io n t o i l l o r in ju r e d
e m p l o y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r s u ffe r an a c c id e n t on the p r e m is e s o f a fa c t o r y o r
o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
D u ties in v o lv e a co m b in a t io n o f th e fo l lo w i n g : G iv in g f i r s t aid to the il l o r
in ju r e d ; a tten din g t o su b se q u e n t d r e s s in g o f e m p l o y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s o f p a tien ts t r e a t e d ;
p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t io n o r o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s is t in g in p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s and
h ea lth e v a lu a tio n s o f a p p lic a n ts and e m p l o y e e s ; and pla n n in g and c a r r y i n g out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g hea lth
e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a lu a tio n o f plant e n v ir o n m e n t , o r o th e r a c t iv it ie s a ffe c tin g the h ea lth ,
w e l f a r e , and s a fe t y o f a ll p e r s o n n e l. N u rsin g s u p e r v is o r s o r h ea d n u r s e s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g
m o r e than on e n u r s e a r e e x c lu d e d .

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R PLA N T
B O IL E R T E N D E R

H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

F i r e s s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r s t o fu r n is h th e e s t a b lis h m e n t fn w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t, p o w e r ,
o r stea m
F e e d s fu e ls t o f i r e b y hand o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o il b u r n e r ; and
c h e c k s w a t e r and s a fe t y v a l v e s .
M a y c le a n , o il , o r a s s is t in r e p a ir in g b o i l e r r o o m eq u ip m e n t.

A s s is t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k ille d m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s , b y p e r fo r m in g s p e c i f ic o r
g e n e r a l d u tie s o f l e s s e r s k ill, su ch as k e e p in g a w o r k e r su p p lie d w ith m a t e r ia ls and t o o ls ; cle a n in g
w o rk in g a r e a , m a c h in e , and e q u ip m e n t; a s s is t in g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls o r t o o ls ; and
p e r fo r m i n g o th e r u n s k ille d t a s k s as d i r e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n . T h e k in d o f w o r k the h e lp e r is p e r m it t e d
to p e r f o r m v a r ie s f r o m t r a d e t o t r a d e :
In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e lp e r is c o n fin e d to su p p ly in g , lift in g ,
and h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls and t o o l s , and c le a n in g w o rk in g a r e a s ; and in o t h e r s he is p e r m it t e d to p e r fo r m
s p e c i a l iz e d m a ch in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a tr a d e that a re a ls o p e r fo r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a
f u l l- t im e b a s is .

C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u tie s n e c e s s a r y t o c o n s t r u c t and m a in ta in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o r k and e q u ip m e n t s u c h as b in s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t it io n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a ir s ,
c a s i n g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo l lo w i n g : P la n n in g
and la y in g out o f w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t io n s ; usin g a v a r ie t y o f
c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o ls , p o r t a b le p o w e r t o o l s , and sta n d a rd m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g sta n d a rd
sh o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g t o d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e le c t in g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y f o r th e w o r k . In
g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly
a c q u ir e d t h ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r eq u iv a le n t t ra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c tio n s su ch as th e in s t a lla t io n , m a in t e n a n c e , o r
r e p a i r o f.e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d i s t r ib u t io n , o r u tiliz a tio n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l lo w i n g : In sta llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l eq u ip m en t
s u c h as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w it c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u it b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h ea tin g u n its,
co n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t; w ork in g fr o m b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , la y o u t s , o r
o t h e r s p e c i f ic a t i o n s ; lo c a t in g and d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in the e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t; w o rk in g
sta n d a rd co m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g t o lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s o f w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; and u sin g a
v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls and m e a s u r in g and te s tin g in s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f the
m a in te n a n ce e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a fo r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O p e r a t e s and m a in t a in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e the o p e r a tio n o f s t a t io n a r y e n g in e s and
eq u ip m en t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) t o su p p ly the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , h e a t,
r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a ir - c o n d it i o n in g .
W o r k in v o lv e s :
O p era tin g and m a in ta in in g e q u ip m e n t su c h as
s t e a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b in e s , v e n tila tin g and r e f r i g e r a t i n g eq u ip m e n t,
s t e a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g eq u ip m en t r e p a i r s ; and k eep in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n
o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , and fu e l c o n s u m p t io n .
M a y a ls o s u p e r v is e t h e s e o p e r a t io n s .
H ead o r
c h i e f e n g in e e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e than one e n g in e e r a re e x c lu d e d .




M A C H I N E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O L R O O M
S p e c ia li z e s in o p e r a t in g one o r m o r e than one ty p e o f m a c h in e t o o l ( e . g . , j i g b o r e r , g rin d in g
m a c h in e , e n g in e la th e , m illin g m a c h in e ) to m a ch in e m e t a l fo r u se in m a k in g o r m a in ta in in g j i g s ,
fi x t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o l s , g a u g e s , o r m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s u s e d in sh a p in g o r fo r m in g m e ta l o r n o n m e t a llic
m a t e r ia l ( e . g . , p l a s t ic , p l a s t e r , r u b b e r , g la s s ) . W o rk t y p i c a ll y i n v o l v e s : P la n n in g and p e r fo r m in g
d i ff ic u l t m a ch in in g o p e r a t io n s w h ic h r e q u ir e c o m p li c a t e d se tu p s o r a h igh d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; settin g
up m a ch in e t o o l o r t o o ls ( e . g . , in s t a ll cu ttin g t o o ls and a d ju st g u id e s , s t o p s , w o rk in g t a b le s , and o th e r
c o n t r o ls t o ha ndle th e s iz e o f s t o c k t o b e m a c h in e d ; d e t e r m in e p r o p e r fe e d s , s p e e d s , t o o lin g , and
o p e r a t io n se q u e n c e o r s e l e c t th o s e p r e s c r i b e d in d r a w in g s , b lu e p r in t s , o r la y o u t s ); u sin g a v a r ie t y of
p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts d u rin g m a ch in in g o p e r a t io n t o a ch ie v e
r e q u is it e d im e n s io n s t o v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s . M ay b e r e q u ir e d t o s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n ts and cu ttin g
and lu b r ic a t in g o i l s , t o r e c o g n iz e w hen t o o ls n e e d d r e s s i n g , and t o d r e s s t o o ls . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk
o f a m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r , t o o l r o o m , at the s k il l le v e l c a ll e d f o r in t h is c l a s s i fic a t i o n r e q u ir e s
e x t e n s iv e k n o w le d g e o f m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou g h c o n s id e r a b le
o n - t h e - jo b tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s n ot
o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , e m p lo y e d in t o o l - a n d - d i e jo b b in g s h o p s .

in clu d e m a c h in e -t o o l

M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s and new p a rts in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a rts o f m e c h a n ic a l
eq u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o l lo w i n g : in te r p r e t in g w ritte n
in s t r u c t io n s and s p e c i f ic a t i o n s ; pla n n in g and la y in g out o f w o r k ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in is t 's h a n d tools
and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; se ttin g up and o p e r a t in g s ta n d a rd m a c h in e t o o l s ; shaping o f m e ta l

p a rts t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g sta n d a rd sh o p co m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g t o d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o li n g ,
f e e d s , and s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s o f th e c o m m o n m e t a ls ; s e le c t in g
sta n d a rd m a t e r ia ls , p a r t s , and eq u ip m en t r e q u ir e d f o r th is w o r k ; a n d~ fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a r t s in to
m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t.
In g e n e r a l, th e m a c h in is t 's w o r k n o r m a ll y r e q u ir e s a ro u n d e d tra in in g in
m a c h in e -s h o p p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .

P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w o o d w o r k , and fi x t u r e s o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s th e
fo l lo w i n g : K n ow led g e o f s u r fa c e p e c u li a r it i e s and t y p e s o f pa in t r e q u i r e d fo r d iffe r e n t a p p lic a t io n s ;
p r e p a r in g s u r fa c e fo r p ainting b y re m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p la c in g pu tty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o le s and
in t e r s t i c e s ; and a pply in g paint w ith s p r a y gun o r b r u s h . M a y m ix c o l o r s , o i l s , w h ite le a d , and o th e r
pa in t in g r e d ie n t s t o ob tain p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n s is t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e
p a in t e r r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d t ra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
eq u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M a in te n a n ce )
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a ir s a u t o m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s
m o s t o f the fo l lo w i n g : E x a m in in g a u to m o tiv e e q u ip m e n t t o d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g
eq u ip m en t and p e r fo r m in g r e p a i r s that in v o lv e the u s e o f su c h h a n d to o ls as w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r i l l s ,
o r s p e c i a l iz e d eq u ip m en t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b ro k e n oj* d e f e c t iv e p a r t s f r o m
s t o c k ; g rin d in g and a d ju stin g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and in s t a llin g th e v a r io u s a s s e m b li e s in th e v e h ic le
and m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts ; and a lig n in g w h e e ls , a d ju stin g b r a k e s and lig h t s , o r tig h ten in g b o d y
b o lt s . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e a u to m o tiv e m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly
a c q u ir e d th rou g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

T h is c l a s s i f ic a t i o n d o e s not in clu d e m e c h a n ic s w h o r e p a i r c u s t o m e r s ' v e h i c l e s in a u to m o b ile
r e p a ir sh op s.

M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the
fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m en t t o d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d ism a n tlin g
o r p a rtly d ism a n tlin g m a c h in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a i r s that m a in ly in v o lv e th e u se o f h a n d to p ls in
sc ra p in g and fittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t iv e p a rts w ith it e m s o b ta in e d f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r in g
the p r o d u c tio n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a rt b y a m a c h in e sh o p o r sen d in g o f th e m a ch in e t o a m a ch in e sh op
f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r in g w r itte n s p e c i fic a t i o n s f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s o r fo r th e p r o d u c t io n o f p a rts
o r d e r e d fr o m m a ch in e s h o p s ; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m a k in g a ll n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm e n ts fo r
o p e r a tio n . In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f a m a in te n a n ce m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s rou n d ed t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e
u su a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a fo r m e d a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r eq u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . E x c lu d e d f r o m
th is c l a s s i fic a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y d u tie s in v o lv e se ttin g up o r a d ju stin g m a c h in e s .

M IL L W R IG H T
In s t a ll? n ew m a c h in e s o r h ea v y e q u ip m e n t, and d is m a n t le s and in s t a lls m a c h in e s o r h ea v y
eq u ip m en t w hen ch a n g e s in th e plant la y ou t a re r e q u ir e d .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
P lannin g and la y in g out o f th e w o r k ; in te r p r e t in g b lu e p r in ts o r o t h e r s p e c i f ic a t i o n s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f
h a n d tools and r ig g in g ; m a k in g sta n d a rd sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g t o s t r e s s e s , s tr e n g th o f m a t e r ia ls ,
and c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lig n in g and b a la n c in g o f eq u ip m e n t; s e le c t in g .s ta n d a rd t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t, and
p a rts t o be u s e d ; and in s t a llin g and m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t su c h as
d r iv e s and s p e e d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, th e m i l lw r ig h t 's w o rk n o r m a lly r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r eq u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

I n sta lls o r r e p a ir s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r ty p e s o f p ip e and p ip e fit t in g s in an e s t a b l is h ­
m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo l lo w i n g : L a y in g out o f w o r k and m e a s u r in g t o lo c a t e p o s it io n o f
p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o th e r w ritte n s p e c i f ic a t i o n s ; cu ttin g v a r io u s s i z e s o f p ip e t o c o r r e c t le n g th s
w ith c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y le n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t in g m a c h in e s ; th re a d in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s and
d i e s ; b en d in g pipe b y h a n d -d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s and
fa s te n in g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a king sta n d a rd sh o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g t o p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s i z e o f
p ip e r e q u ir e d ; and m a k in g sta n d a rd t e s t s t o d e t e r m in e w h e th e r fin is h e d p ip e s m e e t s p e c i f ic a t i o n s . In
g e n e r a l, th e w o rk o f the m a in te n a n ce p i p e f it t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly
a c q u ir e d th rou g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
W o r k e r s p r im a r i ly
e n g a g e d in in sta llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g sa n ita tio n o r h e a tin g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
F a b r i c a t e s , in s t a l ls , and m a in ta in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t and fix t u r e s (s u c h
as m a ch in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s, s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t il a t o r s , c h u te s , d u c t s , m e t a l r o o f in g )
o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o l lo w i n g : P la n n in g and la y in g out a ll t y p e s o f s h e e t m e t a l m a in te n a n ce w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in ts , m o d e l s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; se ttin g up and o p e r a t in g a ll
a v a ila b le t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o rk in g m a c h in e s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f h a n d to o ls in c u t t in g , b e n d in g ,
f o r m in g , sh a p in g , fittin g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s t a llin g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t ic le s as r e q u ir e d . In g e n e r a l,
th e w o r k o f the m a in te n a n ce s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s rou n d ed t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly
a c q u ir e d th rou g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
T O O L AN D DIE M A K E R
C o n s t r u c t s and r e p a ir s j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o l s , g a u g e s , o r m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s u s e d in
sh a p in g o r fo r m in g m e t a l o r n o n -m e t a ll ic m a t e r ia l ( e . g . , p l a s t ic , p l a s t e r , r u b b e r , g la s s ) .
W ork
t y p i c a ll y i n v o l v e s : P la n n in g and la y in g out w o r k a c c o r d i n g t o m o d e l s , b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , o r o t h e r
w r it te n o r o r a l s p e c i fic a t i o n s ; u n d ersta n d in g th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t ie s o f c o m m o n m e t a ls and a llo y s ;
s e le c t in g a p p r o p r ia te m a t e r ia ls , t o o l s , and p r o c e s s e s r e q u i r e d t o c o m p le t e t a s k ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
s h o p co m p u ta tio n ; settin g up and o p e r a tin g v a r io u s m a c h in e t o o l s and r e la t e d e q u ip m e n t; u sin g v a r io u s
t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's h a n d tools and p r e c i s io n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; w o r k in g t o v e r y c l o s e t o le r a n c e s ;
h e a t -t r e a t in g m e ta l p a rts and fin is h e d t o o ls and d ie s t o a c h ie v e r e q u i r e d q u a lit ie s ; fittin g and
a s s e m b lin g p a rts t o p r e s c r i b e d t o le r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l, t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's w o r k
r e q u i r e s rou n d ed tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w age study p u r p o s e s , t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s not in c lu d e t o o l and d ie
m a k e r s w h o (1 ) a re e m p lo y e d in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g s h o p s o r (2 ) p r o d u c e fo r g in g d ie s (d ie s i n k e r s ).

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
G U A R D AN D W A T C H M E N

L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L HANDLIN G

G u a r d . P e r f o r m s r o u tin e p o l ic e d u tie s , e it h e r at fix e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a in ta in in g o r d e r ,
usin g, a rm s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s g u a r d s w ho a r e s ta tio n e d at g a te a n d c h e c k on
id en tity o f e m p lo y e e s and o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t, s t o r e , o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t w h o s e
d u tie s in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo l lo w i n g : L o a d in g and u n loa d in g v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and m e r c h a n d is e
on o r f r o m fr e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t in g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t i o n ; and t r a n s p o r t in g m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e by
h a n d tr u ck , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e w o r k e r s , w ho lo a d and u n loa d s h ip s a r e e x c l u d e d .

W a tch m a n .
and il le g a l e n try .

M a k es rou n d s o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a l ly in p r o t e c t in g p r o p e r t y a g a in st f i r e , th e ft,

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R

C le a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d itio n fa c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s and w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m is e s
o f an o f f i c e , a p a rtm en t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t . D u ties in v o lv e a co m b in a t io n o f
the fo llo w in g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; re m o v in g c h i p s , t r a s h , and o th e r
r e fu s e ; du stin g e q u ip m e n t, fu r n it u r e , o r fi x t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l fix tu r e s o r t r i m m in g s ; p r o v id in g
su p p lie s and m in o r m a in te n a n ce s e r v i c e s ; and c le a n in g l a v a t o r ie s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s
w h o s p e c i a l iz e in w in d ow w a s h in g a re e x c lu d e d .




O R D E R F IL L E R
F i l l s shipp ing o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r fin is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e
w ith s p e c ific a t io n s on s a le s s l ip s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o t h e r in s t r u c t io n s .
M a y , in a d d itio n to
fillin g o r d e r s and in d ic a tin g it e m s fi ll e d o r o m it t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u is it io n
a d d itio n a l sto c k o r r e p o r t sh o r t su p p lie s t o s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m o t h e r r e la t e d d u tie s .
P A C K E R , SH IPPIN G
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p r o d u c ts f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p la c in g th e m in sh ip p in g c o n t a in e r s ,
th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r fo r m e d b e in g d ep en d en t upon th e t y p e , s i z e , and n u m b e r o f u n its t o b e
p a c k e d , the type o f co n t a in e r e m p lo y e d , and m e t h o d o f s h ip m e n t. W o r k r e q u i r e s th e p la c in g o f it e m s
in sh ip p in g co n t a in e r s and m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e fo l lo w i n g : K n o w le d g e o f v a r io u s it e m s o f

s t o c k in o r d e r t o v e r i f y co n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r ia t e ty p e and s iz e o f c o n t a in e r ; in s e r t in g
e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a in e r ; u sin g e x c e l s i o r o r o t h e r m a t e r ia l t o p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g and
s e a lin g c o n t a in e r ; and a p p ly in g la b e ls o r e n t e r in g id e n tify in g data on co n ta in e r . P a c k e r s w h o a ls o m a k e
w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .

fo l lo w s :

F o r w age

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

w ork ers

a r e c l a s s i f i e d as fo llo w s :

R e c e iv in g c l e r k
Sh ippin g c l e r k
Sh ippin g and r e c e iv in g c l e r k

T R U C K D R IV E R
D r iv e s a t r u c k w ith in a c it y o r in d u s t r ia l a r e a t o t r a n s p o r t m a t e r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e , e q u ip m e n t,
o r w o r k e r s b e tw e e n v a r io u s t y p e s o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s su ch a s : M a n u fa ctu rin g p la n t s , fr e ig h t d e p o t s ,
w a r e h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e t a il e s t a b lis h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a il e s t a b lis h m e n t s and c u s t o m e r s '
h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M a y a ls o lo a d o r u nload tr u c k w ith o r w ithout h e l p e r s , m a k e m in o r
m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o rk in g o r d e r .
S a le s - r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s
a r e e x c lu d e d .




as

T r u c k d r iv e r (c o m b in a t io n o f s i z e s li s t e d s e p a r a t e l y )
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t (u n d e r IV2 t o n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m (IV2 t o and in clu d in g 4 t o n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h ea vy (o v e r 4 to n s , t r a ile r ty p e)
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o t h e r than t r a i l e r t y p e )

S H IP P IN G AN D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m e n t , o r r e c e iv e s and is r e s p o n s ib le f o r in c o m in g sh ip m e n ts
o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o t h e r m a t e r ia ls .
S h ip p in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : A k n ow led g e o f sh ip p in g p r o c e d u r e s -,
p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a ila b le m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t io n , and r a t e s ; and p r e p a r in g r e c o r d s o f th e g o o d s
s h ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s t in g w eig h t and sh ip p in g c h a r g e s , and k e e p in g a fi le o f sh ip p in g
r e c o r d s . M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r in g the m e r c h a n d is e fo r sh ip m en t. R e c e iv in g w o r k i n v o l v e s :
V e r ify i n g o r d ir e c t in g o t h e r s in v e r i fy in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f s h ip m e n ts a ga in st b il ls o f la d in g , in v o i c e s ,
o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r s h o r t a g e s and r e je c t in g d a m a g e d g o o d s ; ro u tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r
m a t e r ia ls t o p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; and m a in ta in in g n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and f i l e s .

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e and ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t,
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r sh o u ld b e ra t e d on th e b a s is o f t r a i l e r c a p a c i t y .)

TRU C K E R, POW ER

goods

O p e r a t e s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o ll e d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r t o t r a n s p o r t
and m a t e r ia ls o f a ll k in d s a bou t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t, o r o th e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

w ork ers

a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f t r u c k ,

as fo llo w s :

T r u c k e r , p o w e r ( f o r k l if t )
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (o t h e r than f o r k li f t )
W AREH OU SEM AN
A s d i r e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f w a r e h o u s in g d u tie s w h ic h r e q u ir e an u n d ersta n d in g o f
th e e s t a b l is h m e n t 's s t o r a g e p la n . W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g : V e r ify in g m a t e r ia ls (o r
m e r c h a n d is e ) a g a in st r e c e iv in g d o c u m e n t s , n o tin g and r e p o r t in g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and o b v io u s d a m a g e s ;
ro u tin g m a t e r ia ls t o p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n s ; s t o r in g , s t a c k in g , o r p a lle t iz in g m a t e r ia ls in
a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m e t h o d s ; r e a r r a n g in g and ta k in g in v e n t o r y o f s t o r e d m a t e r ia ls ;
e x a m in in g s t o r e d m a t e r ia ls and r e p o r t in g d e t e r io r a t i o n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v in g m a t e r ia l f r o m s t o r a g e
and p r e p a r in g it f o r s h ip m e n t. M a y o p e r a t e hand o r p o w e r t r u c k s in p e r fo r m i n g w a r e h o u s in g d u tie s.
E x c lu d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y d u tie s in v o lv e - sh ip p in g and r e c e iv in g w o rk (s e e sh ip p in g and
r e c e iv in g c l e r k and p a c k e r , s h ip p in g ), o r d e r fillin g (s e e o r d e r f i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a tin g p o w e r t r u c k s (s e e
t r u c k e r , p o w e r ).

Available On Request—
T he fo llo w in g a r e a s a r e s u r v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f o r u se in a d m in is t e r in g the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t o f 1965.
any o f the B L S r e g io n a l o f f i c e s sh ow n on the b a c k c o v e r .

A la s k a
A lb a n y , G a.
A lb u q u e r q u e , N. M ex .
A le x a n d r ia , L a.
A lp e n a , S ta n d ish , and T a w a s C it y , M ic h .
Ann A r b o r , M ich .
A s h e v i ll e , N .C .
A tla n tic C it y , N .J .
A u g u sta , G a.—S .C .
B a k e r s f i e ld , C a lif.
B aton R o u g e , L a .
B a ttle C r e e k , M ic h .
B e a u m o n t—P o r t A r th u r — r a n g e , T e x .
O
B ilo x i— u lfp o r t and P a s c a g o u la , M i s s .
G
B o i s e C it y , Idaho
B r e m e r t o n , W ash.
B r id g e p o r t , N o r w a lk , and S t a m f o r d , C on n .
B r u n s w ic k , G a.
B u r lin g t o n , V t.—N .Y .
C ape C od , M a ss.
C e d a r R a p id s , Iow a
C h a m p a ig n —U rbana— a n to u l, 111.
R
C h a r le s t o n , S .C .
C h a r lo t t e —G a s t o n ia , N .C .
C h e y e n n e , W y o.
C l a r k s v il le —H o p k in s v ille , T e n n .—K y.
C o lo r a d o S p r in g s , C o lo .
C o lu m b ia , S .C .
C o lu m b u s , G a.— la .
A
C o lu m b u s , M is s .
C r a n e , Ind.
D e c a t u r , 111.
D e s M o in e s , Iow a
D othan, A la .
Duluth—S u p e r io r , M in n .—W is.
E l P a s o , T e x . , and A l a m o g o r d o —L a s C r u c e s , N. M ex .
E u g en e— p r in g fie ld , O r e g .
S
F a y e t t e v il le , N .C .
F it c h b u r g —L e o m in s t e r , M a s s .
F o r t S m ith , A r k .—O kla.
F o r t W a yn e, Ind.
F r e d e r i c k — a g e r s t o w n , M d .-C h a m b e r s b u r g , P a .H
M a r t in s b u r g , W. V a .
G a d sd e n and A n n is t o n , A la .
G o ld s b o r o , N .C .
G ra n d Isla n d —H a s tin g s , N e b r .
G r e a t F a l ls , M on t.
G uam , T e r r it o r y o f
H a r r is b u r g —L e b a n o n , P a.
H untington— s h la n d , W. V a .— y .— h io
A
K
O
K n o x v ille , T en n .
L a C r o s s e , W is.
L aredo, T ex.
L a s V e g a s , N ev.
L a w ton , O k la .
L im a , O h io
L it t le R o c k —N orth L ittle R o c k , A r k .

C o p ie s o f p u b lic r e l e a s e s a r e o r w i l l b e a v a ila b le at n o c o s t

w h ile

s u p p lie s la s t

fr o m

L o g a n s p o rt—P e r u , Ind.
Lor.ain— l y r ia , O h io
E
L o w e r E a s t e r n S h o r e , M d.—V a .—D e l.
L y n c h b u rg , Va.
M a co n , G a.
M a d iso n , W is.
M a n s fie ld , O h io
M a rq u e tte , E s c a n a b a , Sault Ste. M a r i e , M ic h .
M c A lle n —P h a r i^ E d in b u r g and B r o w n s v i ll e —
H a rlin g en —
San B e n ito , T e x .
M e d fo rd — la m a th F a lls —G ra n ts P a s s , O r e g .
K
M e r id ia n , M i s s .
M id d le s e x , M on m ou th , and O cea n C o s ., N .J .
M o b ile and P e n s a c o la , A la .—F la .
M o n t g o m e r y , A la .
N a sh v ille —D a v id s o n , T en n .
New B ern —J a c k s o n v ille , N .C .
New L ondon—N o r w ic h , C on n .—R .I.
N orth D a k ota , State o f
O rla n d o , F la .
O xn ard—S im i V a lle y —V en tu ra , C a li f.
P an a m a C it y , F la .
P a r k e r s b u r g —M a r ie t t a , W. V a .— h io
O
P e o r i a , 111.
P h o e n ix , A r iz .
P ine B lu ff, A r k .
P o c a t e llo —
Idaho F a l ls , Idaho
P o r ts m o u th , N .H .—M ain e—M a s s .
P u e b lo , C o lo .
P u e rto R ic o
R en o, N ev.
R ich la n d — en n e w ic k —W a lla W a lla —
K
P en d leton , W a sh .—O re g .
R iv e r s id e —San B e r n a r d in o —O n t a r io , C a li f.
S a lina, K a n s .
S a lin as— e a s id e —M o n t e r e y , C a lif.
S
Sandusk y, O h io
Santa B a r b a r a —
Santa M a ria —L o m p o c , C a lif.
Savannah, G a.
S e lm a , A la .
Sherm a n —D e n is o n , T e x .
S h r e v e p o r t , L a.
Siou x F a l ls , S. Dak.
S pok an e, W ash.
S p r in g fie ld , 111.
S p r in g fie ld — h ic o p e e —H o ly o k e , M a s s .—C o n n .
C
S tock ton , C a lif.
T a c o m a , W ash.
T am pa—St. P e t e r s b u r g , F la .
T o p e k a , K an s.
T u c s o n , A r iz .
T u ls a , O k la .
V a l l e jo - F a i r f i e l d —N apa, C a lif.
W a co and K ille e n —T e m p l e , T e x .
W a te rlo o —C e d a r F a l ls , Iow a
W est T e x a s P la in s
W ilm in g to n , D e l.—N .J .—M d.

An an n u al r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , c h i e f a c c o u n t a n t s , a t t o r n e y s , jo b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l , b u y e r s , c h e m i s t s , e n g in e e r s , e n g in e e r in g t e c h n i c i a n s , d r a f t e r s , and
c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s is a v a ila b le .
O r d e r a s B L S B u lle tin 1 837, N a tion a l S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m in is t r a t iv e , T e c h n ic a l, and C l e r i c a l P a y , M a r c h 1 97 4, $ 1 .4 0 a c o p y , f r o m any o f the B L S r e g i o n a l s a le s
o f f i c e s show n on the b a c k c o v e r , o r fr o m the S u p e r in te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U .S. G o v e r n m e n t P r in t in g O f f i c e , W a sh in gton , D .C . 2 04 02 .




Area Wage Surveys
A li s t o f the la t e s t a v a ila b le b u lle t in s o r b u lle tin su p p le m e n ts is p r e s e n t e d b e lo w .
A d i r e c t o r y o f a r e a w a g e s tu d ie s in clu d in g m o r e lim it e d s tu d ie s co n d u c t e d at the r e q u e s t o f the E m p lo y m e n t
S ta n d a rd s A d m in is t r a t io n o f th e D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t .
B u lle tin s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m any o f the B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s sh ow n on the b a c k c o v e r .
B u lle tin su p p le m e n ts m a y be
o b ta in e d w ith o u t c o s t , w h e r e in d ic a t e d , f r o m B L S re g io n a l o f f i c e s .

A rea

B u lle tin n u m b er
and p r ic e *

A k r o n , O h io , D e c . 1974 ------------------- -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------S upp l.
F ree
A lb a n y —S ch e n e cta d y —T r o y , N .Y ., S e p t. 1 975 1 -------------------------- ----------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 - 6 3, $ 1 .2 0
A lb u q u e r q u e , N . M e x ., M a r . 1974 ^ ______________________________________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
A lle n to w n —B e th le h e m —E a s t o n , P a .—N .J ., M a y 1974 2 _________________________________ S upp l.
F ree
G
A n a h e im —S anta A n a — a r d e n G r o v e , C a li f ., O c t . 1 974 1 ________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -9 , 85 ce n ts
A tla n ta , G a ., M a y 1 9 7 5 1 ___________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 5 , $ 1 .0 0
A u s tin , T e x . , D e c . 1974 ___________________________________________________________________ S upp l.
F ree
B a lt i m o r e , M d ., A ug. 1975 1 _______________________ _______________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 2 , $ 1 .3 0
B e a u m o n t— o r t A r th u r—O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1 974 2 ____________________________________ S upp l.
P
F ree
B i ll in g s , M o n t., J u ly 1 9 7 5 _________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 6 , 65 ce n ts
B in g h a m to n , N . Y P a . , J u ly 1 9 7 5 ____________ ..._________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 0 , 65 ce n ts
B ir m in g h a m , A l a ., M a r . 1 9 7 5 ____________________________„________________________________S upp i.
F ree
B o s to n , M a s s ., A u g . 1 9 7 5 1 ________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 8 , $ 1 .0 5
B u ffa lo . N .Y ., O c t . 1 9 7 5 1__________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 9 , 95 c e n t s
C a n ton , O h io , M a y 197 5 _______________ ____________________________________________________ S upp l.
F ree
F ree
C h a r le s t o n , W . V a „ M a r . 1974 2 _________________________________________________________ S upp l.
C h a r lo t t e , N .C ., J a n . 1974 2 ___ ______ ___________________________________________________ S upp l.
F ree
C h a tta n o o g a , T e n n .-G a .. S ep t. 1 975 1 ______ ______________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 7 , 85 ce n ts
C h ic a g o , 111., M a y 1975 __ _________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 3 . 85 ce n ts
C in c in n a t i, O h io -K y * —I n d ., F e b . 197 5 ___________________________ _______________________ S u pp l.
F ree
C le v e la n d , O h io , S ep t. 197 5 _______________________________________________________ ______ _ 1 8 5 0 -6 4 , $ 1 .3 0
C o lu m b u s , O h io , O c t . 1 9 7 4 ____ _____ _______________________________________ ____________ S u pp l.
F ree
C o r p u s C h r is t i , T e x ., J u ly 1 9 7 5 __ ______________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 7 , 65 ce n ts
_
D a lla s —F o r t W o rth , T e x . , O c t . 1 9 7 5 1 _____________ ______ ________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 9 , $ 1 .5 0
F ree
D a v e n p o rt—R o c k Islan d—M o lin e , I o w a - I l l., F e b . 1975 __ _______________________________ S upp l.
D a y to n , O h io , D e c . 1974 1________________________________________ _________________________ 1 85 0- 14, 80 c e n t s
D a y to n a B e a c h , F l a . , A u g . 1 9 7 5 __ __________________ _________________ ____________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 7 , 65 ce n ts
D e n v e r —B o u ld e r , C o l o ., D e c . 1974 1 _____________________________________________________ 1 850- 15, 85 ce n ts
D e s M o in e s , Iow a, M a y 1 974 2 ____________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
D e t r o it , M i c h ., M a r . 1 9 7 5 _____ ___ _____________________ __________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 2 , 85 ce n ts
_
H
F o r t L a u d e r d a le — o lly w o o d and W e s t P a lm B e a c h —
B o c a R a t o n , F l a . , A p r . 1975 1 ______________________________________________________ ____ 1 8 5 0 -2 6 , 80 ce n ts
F r e s n o , C a li f ., J u n e 1 9 7 5 1
_____________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 1 , $ 1 .2 0
G a i n e s v il le , F la ., S e p t. 1 9 7 5 __________ _________ _____________________________ _____ _______ 1 8 5 0 -5 7 , $ 1 .1 0
G r e e n B a y , W i s ., J u ly 1975 1 ______________________________ __________________ ________ __ __ 1 8 5 0 -4 4 , 80 ce n ts
G r e e n s b o r o — in s t o n -S a le m - H ig h P o in t , N .C ., A u g . 1 9 7 5 ____________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 9 , 65 ce n ts
W
G r e e h v il le , S .C ., J u n e 1 9 7 5 _____________ _________ _________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 2 , 65 ce n ts
H a r t f o r d , C o n n ., M a r . 1975 1 ___________________________________________________ _______ __ 1 8 5 0 -2 8 , 80 ce n ts
H o u s to n , T e x ., A p r . 1 9 7 5 ________________________ _____ ____________________________________ S upp l.
F ree
____ ____________________ _______________________________S u p p l.
F ree
H u n t s v ille , A l a ., F e b . 197 5
In d ia n a p o lis , In d ., O c t . 1975 1 ___________________________________ ___________ _ ___________ 1 8 5 0 -6 6 , 95 ce n ts
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1 97 5 ______________ ______________________________ ___________________ S u p p l.
F ree
J a c k s o n v il le , F l a . , D e c . 1974 __________ ______________________ _____ ______________________ S upp l.
F ree
K a n s a s C it y , M o.— a n s ., S e p t. 197 5 _____________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 5 , 80 ce n ts
K
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h ill, M a s s .—N .H ., J u n e 1974 2 _____________________ ____________ ______ S u p p l.
H
F ree
L e x in g to n —F a y e t t e , K y ., N o v . 1974 _ ________________________________ ____________________ S u p p l.
F ree
L o s A n g e le s —L on g B e a c h , C a l i f . , O c t . 1974 ___________________________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
L o u is v i ll e , K y .—In d ., N o v . 1 9 7 4 1 _________________________________ ____________ ___________ 1 8 5 0 -1 2 , 80 c e n t s
L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1974 2 ____________________. . . ____ ____________________________ _______ S u pp l.
F ree
M e lb o u r n e —T it u s v i ll e — o c o a , F l a . , A u g . 1 9 7 5 _________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 4 , 65 ce n ts
C
M e m p h is , Term .—A r k ^ M i s s . , N o v . 1974 _____________________________________________ __ S u pp l.
F ree
F ree
M ia m i, F l a . , O c t . 1974 _______________ ______________________________________________ __,____ S u pp l.
*
1
2
3

Prices are determined by the Government Printing Office and are subject to change.
Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
No longer surveyed.
To be surveyed.




A rea

B u lle tin n u m b er
and p r ic e *

M id lan d and O d e s s a , T e x ., J a n . 1 9 7 4 2 ____________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
M ilw a u k e e , W i s ., A p r .' 1 9 7 5 1________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 1 , 85 ce n ts
M in n e a p o lis —St. P a u l, M in n .—W i s ., Jan 1 9 7 5 1 ____________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 0 , $ 1 .0 5
M u s k e g o n -M u s k e g o n H eig h tSj M i c h ., J u n e 1974 2 _______________________________________ S upp l.
F ree
N a ss a u — u ffo lk , N .Y ., J une 1975 1 __________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 9 . $ 1 .0 0
S
N e w a rk , N .J ., J a n . 19751 ______________ —
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -1 8 , $ 1 .0 0
N e w a rk and J e r s e y C it y , N .J .. J a n . 1 9 7 4 2 _______________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
F ree
N ew H a v en , C o n n ., J a n . 1974 2 ______________________________________________________________ Suppl.
N ew O r le a n s , L a ., J a n . 1975 __ ____________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
N ew Y o r k , N . Y ^ N .J ., M ay 1 9 7 5 1 __________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 5 . $ 1 .1 0
F ree
N ew Y o r k and N a ss a u —S u ffo lk , N .Y ., A p r . 1974 2 ________________________________________ Suppl.
N o r fo lk —V i r g in i a B e a c h — o r t s m o u t h , V a .—N .C ., M a y 1975 ____________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 9 , 65 ce n ts
P
N o r fo lk —V i r g in i a B e a c h — o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t N ew s—
P
H a m p ton , V a . - N . C . , M a y 1 9 7 5 _____ _______________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 0 , 65 ce n ts
N o r t h e a s t P e n n s y lv a n ia , A u g . 1 9 7 5 _______ _________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 2 , 65 ce n ts
O k la h o m a C ity , O k la ., A u g . 1 9 7 5 ___________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 1 , 65 ce n ts
O m a h a , N e b r ,—Iow a , O c t . 1 9 7 5 ____ ____ ___ _________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 6 , $ 1 .1 0
P a t e r s o n —C lifto n — a s s a i c ; N .J .t J u n e 1 9 7 5 1 ____ ________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 8 , 80 ce n ts
P
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a < - N .J „ N o v . 1 9 7 5 _____________ ____________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 5 , 85 ce n ts
P h o e n ix , A r i z . , J une 1974 2 _________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
P it t s b u r g h , P a ., J a n . 1975 _________________________________________ _________________________ Suppl.
F ree
P o r t la n d , M a in e , N o v . 1 9 7 4 ______________________________ ___________________________________Suppl.
F ree
P o r t la n d , O r e g .—W a s h ., M a y 197 5 ___ _______________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 0 , 7 5 ce n ts
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N . Y . 1 3 -------------------------------------------------- --------------------------------------------------------P o u g h k e e p s ie — in g s t o n -N e w b u r g h , N .Y ., J une 1 9 7 5 1 ____ _____________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 8 , 75 ce n ts
K
W
P
P r o v id e n c e — a r w ic k — a w tu ck e t, R .I«—M a s s ., J une 1 9 7 b __ ___________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 7 , 75 ce n ts
R a le ig h — urham ^ N .C ., F e b . 1975 _________________________________________________________ Suppl.
D
F ree
R ic h m o n d , V a .( J une 1 9 7 5 ____________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 1 , 65 ce n ts
R o c k fo r d , 111., J u n e 1 9 7 4 2 __________________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
F ree
St. L o u is , M o ^ I l l . , M a r . 1975 ______________________________________________________________ Suppl.
S a c r a m e n t o , C a li f ., D e c . 1 9 7 4 1 ____________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -1 9 , 80 ce n ts
S a gin a w , M i c h ., N o v . 1 9 7 4 1__________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -1 6 , 75 ce n ts
S a lt L a k e C ity^-O gden, U ta h, N o v . 1974 _________________________________________________ _ Suppl.
F ree
San A n to n io , T e x ., M a y 1975 ________ _______________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 3 , 65 ce n ts
San D ie g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1 9 7 4 1 _______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -1 3 , 80 ce n ts
San F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a li f., M a r . 1 975 1 ______________________ ________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 5 , $ 1 .0 0
O
San J o s e , C a li f ., M a r . 1975 1 ________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 6 , 85 ce n ts
S avannah, G a ., M a y 1 9 7 4 2 __ ________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
S e a ttle — v e r e t t , W a s h ., J a n . 1975 _________________________________________________________ Suppl.
E
F ree
South B e n d , In d ., M a r . 1975 _______________ _______ __________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
S p ok a n e, W a s h .. J u n e 1974 2 __ ______________ ____________________________________ ___ _______Suppl.
F ree
S y r a c u s e , N .Y ., J u ly 1 9 7 5 ___ ________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 3 , 65 ce n ts
T o le d o , O h io - M i c h ., M a y 1 9 7 5 1 ____________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 4 , 80 ce n ts
T r e n t o n , N .J ., S ep t. 1 9 7 5 1 ___________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 0 , $1.2 0
U t i c a - R o m e , N .Y ., J u ly 1 9 7 5 1 ______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 8 , 80 ce n ts
W a sh in g to n , D .C<— d . - V a „ M a r . 1975 1 _____ __ _______ _________________. . . _______________ 1 8 5 0 -3 1 , $ 1 .0 0
M
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n ., M a r . 19 7 4 2 __ ____ _____________________________________________________ Suppl
F ree
W e s t c h e s t e r C o u n ty , N .Y ., M a y 1 9 7 5 1 _____________________ ___ ______ ___ __ _____ _________ 1 8 5 0 -5 3 , 80 cen ts
F ree
W ic h ita , K a n s ., A p r . 1 9 7 5 _____ __________________ ___ _____________ __________________________ Suppl.
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., M a y 1975 1 _____ ______________________________________________________ __ 1 8 5 0 -2 4 . 80 ce n ts
Y o r k , P a ., F e b . 1 9 7 5 1 _______________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 2 , 80 ce n ts
Y o u n g s to w n — a r r e n , O h io , N o v . 1973 2 ______ ^______ ______ ______________ _______________ S upp l.
W
F ree

THIRD CLASS MAIL
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR S TA TIS TIC S
W A SH IN GTO N, D C. 20212

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

O FFIC IA L BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE $300

LAB - 441

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T I S T I C S R E G I O N A L O F F IC E S
R e gion I

R e g io n II

1603 J F K F ed era l B u ild in g
G o v e rn m e n t C e n te r
B o s to n , Mass. 0 2 2 0 3
P h o n e :2 23-6 76 1 (A re a C o d e 6 1 7)

S u ite 34 0 0
I S I S B ro a d w a y
N e w Y o rk , N .Y . 100 36
P h o n e :9 7 1 -5 4 0 5 (A re a C o d e 21 2)

C o n n e c tic u t
M aine
M assachusetts
N e w H a m p sh ire
R h o d e Is la n d
V e rm o n t

N e w Jersey
N ew Y o rk
P u e rto R ic o
V ir g in Islands

Region V
9 th F lo o r, 2 30 S. D e a rb o rn St.
C h icago , III. 6 0 6 0 4
P h o n e : 3 53-1 880 (A re a C o d e 3 1 2 )
I llin o is
In d ia n a
M ic h ig a n
M in n e s o ta
O h io

W iscon sin



R e g io n V I

R e g io n I II

R e g io n IV

P.O. B o x 13 309
P h ila d e lp h ia , Pa. 191 01
P h o n e : 5 9 6 1 1 5 4 (A re a C o d e 2 1 5 )
D e la w a re
D is tr ic t o f C o lu m b ia
M a ry la n d
P e n n s y lv a n ia
V irg in ia
W est V irg in ia

R e gion s V I I a n o V I I I

S e c o n d F lo o r
5 5 5 G r i f f in S q uare B u ild in g
D allas, T e x . 7 5 202
P h o n e : 7 4 9 -3 5 1 6 (A re a C o d e 21 4 )

F e d e ra l O ff ic e B u ild in g
911 W a ln u t S t , 15 th F lo o r
Kansas C ity , M o. 6 4 1 0 6
P h o n e :3 7 4 - 2 4 8 1 (A re a C o d e 8 1 6 )

L o u is ia n a
le w M e x ic o
O k la h o m a
Texa s

V II
Io w a
Kansas
M is s o u ri
N e bra ska

V III
C o lo ra d o
M o n ta n a
N o rth D a k o ta
S o u th D a k o ta
U ta h
W y o m in g

S u ite 54 0
1371 P eachtree St. N. E.
A tla n ta , Ga. 30 309
P h o n e :5 2 6 - 5 4 1 8 (A re a C ode 404 )
A la b a m a
F lo rid a
G e orgia
K e n tu c k y
M is s is s ip p i
N o rth C a ro lin a
S o u th C a ro lin a
T ennessee
R e gion s IX and X
45 0 G o ld e n G ate Ave.
Box 36017
San F ra n c is c o , C a lif. 9 4 1 0 2
P h o n e :5 5 6 -4 6 7 8 (A re a C o d e 4 1 5 )
IX
A r iz o n a
C a lifo r n ia
H a w a ii
N evada

X
A laska
Id a h o
O reg on
W a s h in g to n


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