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AREA WAGE SURVEY
Greensboro—Winston-Salem—High Point, North Carolina,
Metropolitan Area, August 1975
Bulletin 1850-49

>




U S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
_
Bureau of Labor Statistics




Preface
This bulletin provides results of an August 1975 survey of occupational earnings in
the Greensboro—
Winston-Salem-High Point, North Carolina, Standard Metropolitan Statistical
Area (Davidson, Forsyth, Guilford, Randolph, Stokes, and Yadkin Counties). The survey
was made as part of the Bureau of Labor Statistics* annual area wage survey program. The
program is designed to yield data for individual metropolitan areas, as well as national
and regional estimates for all Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas in the United States,
excluding Alaska and Hawaii.
A major consideration in the area wage survey program is the need to describe the
level and movement of wages in a variety of labor markets, through the analysis of (1) the
level and distribution of wages by occupation, and (2) the movement of wages by occupational
category and skill level. The program develops information that may be used for many
purposes, including wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and assistance
in determining plant location. Survey results also are used by the U.S. Department of
Labor to make wage determinations under the Service Contract Act of 1965.
Currently, 83 areas are included in the program. (See list of areas on inside back
cover.) In each area, occupational earnings data are collected annually. Information on
establishment practices and supplementary wage benefits is obtained every third year.
Each year after all individual area wage surveys have been completed, two summary
bulletins are issued. The first brings together data for each metropolitan area surveyed. The
second summary bulletin presents national and regional estimates, projected from individual
metropolitan area data.
The Greensboro—
Winston-Salem—
High Point survey was conducted by the Bureau's
regional office in Atlanta, Ga„ under the general direction of Donald M. Cruse, Associate
Assistant Regional Director for Operations. The survey could not have been accomplished
without the cooperation of the many firms whose wage and salary data provided the basis
for the statistical information in this bulletin. The Bureau wishes to express sincere appre­
ciation for the cooperation received.

Note:
Reports on occupational earnings and supplementary wage p r o v i s i o n s in the
Greensboro—
Winston-Salem—
High Point area are also available for children's seamless and
other hosiery (September 1973), men's seamless hosiery (September 1973), and women's full
or knee-length hosiery (September 1973) industries.

AREA WAGE SURVEY

Bulletin 1 8 5 0 -4 9
November 1975

V

U.S. D E P A R T M E N T OF LA B O R , John T . Dunlop, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS, Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

Greensboro—Winston-Salem—High Point, North Carolina,
Metropolitan Area, August 1975
CONTENTS

Page

Introduction_____________________________________________________________________________

2

Tables:
A. Earnings:
A -1. Weekly earnings of office workers____________________________________________________________________________________
A -2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical w orkers_____________________________________________________________
A - 3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex__________________________________
A -4. Hourly earnings of maintenance and power plant w orkers____________________________________________________________
A -5. Hourly earnings of custodial and material movement w orkers______________________________________________________
A -6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant, custodial, and material movement workers, by sex_______
A -7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected occupational groups, adjusted foremployment shifts..

3
5
6
7
8
9
10

Appendix A. Scope and method of survey__________________________________________________________________________________________
Appendix B, Occupational descriptions____________________________________________________________________________________________

1
1
13




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Introduction
and material movement. In the 31 largest survey areas, tables A - l a
through A-6a provide similar data for establishments employing 500
workers or more.

This area is 1 of 83 in which the U.S. Department of Labor's
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings and
related benefits on an areawide basis. In this area, data were ob­
tained by a combination of personal visit, mail questionnaire, and
telephone interview. Representative establishments within six broad
industry divisions were contacted: Manufacturing; transportation, com­
munication, and other other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail
trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major industry
groups excluded from these studies are government operations and
the construction and extractive industries. Establishments having fewer
than a prescribed number of workers are omitted because of insufficient
employment in the occupations studied. Separate tabulations are provided
for each of the broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

Following the occupational wage tables is table A -7 which
provides percent changes in average earnings of office clerical work­
ers, electronic data processing workers, industrial nurses, skilled
maintenance workers, and unskilled plant workers. This measure of
wage trends eliminates changes in average earnings caused by employ­
ment shifts among establishments as well as turnover of establishments
included in survey samples. Where possible, data are presented for all
industries, manufacturing, and nonmanufacturing. Appendix A discusses
this wage trend measure.

A -series tables

Appendixes

Tables A - 1 through A-6 provide estimates of straight-time
hourly or weekly earnings for workers in occupations common to a
variety of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupations
were selected from the following categories: (a) Office clerical, (b) pro­
fessional and technical, (c) maintenance and powerplant, and (d) custodial

This bulletin has two appendixes. Appendix A describes the
methods and concepts used in the area wage survey program and
provides information on the scope of the survey. Appendix B provides
job descriptions used by Bureau field economists to classify workers in
occupations for which straight-time earnings information is presented.




A. Earnings
W eekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number
of

O ccu p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Average
weekly
hours1
standard)

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—

S

S
80

M e ,li

Median *

Middle ranged

90

100

S
$
S
S
3
110
160
120
130
140
150

170

180

190

200

210

no

120

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

1

S
S
220 230

s

S
s
270 280

240

250

260

240

250

260

270

280

3
1
2

2
1
1

-

and
u n der

90

and
lo o

130

140

150

160

over

ALL WORKERS
$
$
$
$
154.50 156.00 152.00-163.00

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
96

8

39

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
51
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING. CLASS A ------ _______
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------ ------

349
261
88

39.5 160.00 149.50 130.00-185.00
39.5 157.50 142.00 127.50-185.00
39.0 167.50 150.00 144.00-180.00

-

-

2
2

-

16
15
1

63
60
3

65
47
18

33
19
14

15
5
10

10
6
4

31
30
1

41
22
19

16
13
3

17
14
3

16
11
5

11
10
1

4
1
3

2
2

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ---MANUFACTURING -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ---------------

645
416
229
31

39.0 130.50
39.0 128.00
39.0 135.00
40.0 166.00

110 .50-14 1.00
109.50-140.00
115 .00-14 3.50
115 .00-21 5.00

.
-

78
78
-

42
28
14
-

152
95
57
9

129
69
60
-

76
40
36
9

33
20
13
-

25
3
22
-

30
30
-

24
15
9
-

24
22
2
-

9
6
3
-

5
5

8
2
6
6

6
3
3
3

1

2

1
1

2
2

32
32

17

150
116

PURI IC IJTII IT I F S ----------------------

38.5

151

124.00
122.00
127.00
130.00

38.5

34
125.00

30

39.5 144.50 133.00 115.00-179.00
39.5 135.00 129.00 110.00-143.00
39.5 169.50 154.50 146 .00-20 4.00

206
71
135

39.0 159.00 153.50 132 .50-18 6.50
39.0 152.50 153.00 129 .00-16 3.50
39.0 163.00 180.00 132.50-189.50

604
387
217
52

MESSENGERS ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ---- _
MANUFACTURING -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------

__

7
7
-

20
20
*
_

30
28
2

26
20
6

27
9
18

3
1
2

19
18
1

10
7
3

7
2
5

19
9
10

8
i
7

2

5

1

2

5

1

-

-

-

20

13
12
1

14
13
1

3
3

38
4
34

27
3
24

7
1
6

6
3
3

1

20

33
13
20

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

22
15
7
7

38

6
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

1
1

60
43
17
3

43
13
30
20

22
10
12
4

26
20
6
2

13
12
1

5
4
1

1

1

1

4
4

12
7
5

7
6
1

7
6

4
3
1

lb

7
4
3
3

15
14
1

5
5

i

“

-

-

-

-

39.0 126.00 121.00 112.50-132.00
39.0 12 4 .SO 121.00
39.0 128.00 121.00 114.00-132.00
39.0 152.00 160.00 125.00-173.50

3
3

13

81

162

179

56

23

-

-

60
9

28

-

61
9

5
4

101
55
46

38.5 116.50 109.50 101.00-129.00
99.0 0 -1 3 9 .5 0
39.0 120.50 118.00
38.0 112.00 109.50 102.50-119.50

3
2
1

20
13

10
9
1

10
4
6

8
5
3

10
8
2

4
4

7

33
8
25

SECRETARIES -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ---------------

1,512
636
676
181

39.0 160.00 150.00 132.50-178.00
39.0 162.00 154.00 133 .00-18 4.00
39.0 158.00 149.50 130.00-171.00
40.0 165.50 150.00 130.00-202.50

-

8
6
2

16
12
4

-

-

-

85
37
48
15

214
111
103
27

226
128
98
18

182
94
88
9

207
122
85
27

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------

146
124

39.5 171.50 159.00 138 .00-19 6.50
39 .5 170.00 159.00 142.50-196.50

.

-

_

12
3

-

-

27
27

23
23

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------ —

381
232
149

39.5 162.50 155.00 138.00-177.00
39.5 161.00 154.00 134.50-176.00
39.0 165.00 161.00 150.00-177.00

-

-

.

-

-

-

18
18

-

“

49
30
19

34
29
5

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------- —
MANUFACTURING -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ---------------

593
345
248
56

39.0
39.0
39.0
40.0

-

6

-

6

19
10
9

95
51
44

78
30
48




163.50
169.50
155.50
177.00

152.00
163.50
147.50
168.00

133.50-18 5.00
136 .00-20 0.00
132.50-167.00
150.00-222.50

-

-

•

50

*

-

”

37
34
3

-

31

-

-

34
21
13

-

-----------------

-

2
20
20
-

-

PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S --------------- —

1
1

—

36
11
25

nonmanufacturing

-

1

8
8

i
KFYPUNCH OPFRATORS. CLASS d ---- ■ i

1

24

18

276
198
78

CLERKS, PAYROLL ------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------

77

-

2
2

9

-

3q
8
8
1
1

-

8

13
7
6
5

5
5

.

1

-

•

•

1

122
47
75
26

82
56
26

52
32
20
6

68
46
22
6

57
31
26
13

25
25

5
5

7
6

6
3

16
15

8
3

_

42
33
9

76
44
32

53
16
37

26
10
16

14
4
10

20
9
11

6
6

6
6

-

-

64
29
35

74
34
40
18

51
23
28
7

41
32
9

28
24
4
3

22
20
2

22
19
3
2

*0
37
3
1

_

*

-

6
10
9

i

1Q

4

1

1

11
10

1
1

1

-

5
4

1

*

l

3

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—

O ccu pation and in d u s try d iv is io n
worken

S

Average
weekly
hours *
(standard

O
C
O

Number

Median

*

M iddle ranged

and
under

90

t

%

S

100

S

110

120

i ------ s

5

S

130

140

150

160

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

-

8
6
2

10
6
4

70
30
40

-

-

87
42
45
18

53
9
44
9

32
19
13

-

36
6
30
6

13
3
10
9

.

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
-

19
15
4
2

4

-

14
2
12
6

4
4

12
6
6
5

31
21
10
10

.

2
2

18
10

36
20

66
33

17
9

29
24

28

2

90

*

S

170

180

S

190

$

S

S

S

$

S

S

S

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

and

260

270

280

over

-

-

180

190

200

210

220

23o

260

250

8
8

10
2
8
5

21
3
18
11

14

14

7

3

-

-

-

14
2

3

•

-

•

-

4
1
3
3

-

-

-

-

102
48
54
54

25
19
6
6

9
3
6
5

7
3
4
3

1
1
1

1
1

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

17
9

31
26

45
42

73
68

35
31

6
5

5

4
2
2

7
6
1

-

•

-

-

-

.

.

-

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUEO
SECRETARIES - CONTINUEO
$
$
$
$
148.50 138.00 1 2 5 .0 0 -1 5 7 .0 0
138.00 133.00 1 2 7 .0 0 -1 5 4 .0 0
154.50 143.50 125 .0 0 -1 9 0 .5 0
165.00 160.00 1 3 5 .0 0 -2 0 2 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------------

390
135
255
69

39.0
39.0
3 8.5
39 .5

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------------

230
117
113
97

38 .5 158.50 163.50
39.0 158.00 163.00
38 .5 158.50 165.50
3 8 .5 163.00 167.00

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

375
279

39.0
39.0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS -------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

SB

36
52

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

255
148
107

39.5 114.50 111.50 103 .5 0 -1 2 2 .0 0
39.5 110.50 108.00 103 .5 0 -1 1 2 .5 0
39.0 120.50 112.00 1 0 6 .0 0 -1 2 5 .0 0

-

155
52
103

38.0 122.50
40.0 125.50
3 7.5 121.00

112 .0 0 -1 3 4 .5 0
110 .0 0 -1 3 6 .0 0
112 .5 0 -1 2 6 .5 0

-

TYPISTS, CLASS A ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

210
67
143

3 8.5 142.50 130.00 123 .0 0 -1 6 8 .5 0
3 8.5 165.00 170.00 159 .0 0 -1 7 5 .0 0
3 8.5 132.50 125.50 116 .0 0 -1 3 5 .5 0

-

1

-

TYPISTS, CLASS B ---------------------------MANUFACTURING---- --------— — ----—
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------------

411
126
285
171

39.0
39.5
39.0
40.0

119.00 1 0 9 .50-13 8.00
122.00 1 1 1 .00-15 8.00
116.00 109 .0 0 -1 3 7 .0 0
124.00 1 1 6 .0 0 -1 3 8 .0 0

-

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

\

See footn otes at end o f ta b le s .




152 .5 0 -1 6 8 .5 0
153 .0 0 -1 6 9 .0 0
145 .5 0 -1 6 8 .5 0
1 5 7 .5 0 -1 6 8 .5 0

155.00 164.50 1 2 5 .5 0 -1 8 2 .0 0
161.50 173.00 1 3 8 .0 0 -1 8 4 .5 0

40 .0 124.50 115.50
3 9.5 142.50 133.50
4 0 .5 112.00
97.00

126.50
132.00
124.00
131.00

122.00
136.00
120.00

9 7 .0 0 -1 4 4 .5 0
115 .5 0 -1 6 9 .0 0
9 6 .0 0 -1 2 0 .5 0

-

1
1

-

9

7
3

1

5

4

1

*

15
14
1

18

22

38
8
30

30
12
18

35
4
31

43
5
38

36
27
9

4
1

8
1
7

31
4
27

40

32

3

1

3

4

40

31

10
8
2

6

23
14
9

74
8

66

103
24
79

*

7>U

33

78
28
50
41

1

1

1

-

1
1

-

1

4

35
27
8

73
48
25

67
45

1
2

-

-

6
6

.

2

_

18

“

2

*

“

22
22

11
9
2

2
2

*

11

10
4

11
11

6

-

7
-

-

1
-

1
-

-

2

44
14
30

14
6
1

*

2

10
6

5

-

5

6

-

-

5
4

10
5

28

3

“

-

-

*

-

•

1

1

1

-

-

-

*

-

1

-

“

1

.

1

-

-

*

•

*

—

2

2

3

53

5

-

3

53
53

2
1

20
17
3
“

10
1

-

3

15
1
14
14

_

1
1

1
1

-

-

_
-

_
-

2

_

-

*

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

.

-

-

.
•

-

*

-

-

-

-

Weekly earnings 1
(stan dard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workere

Average
weekly
houre1
(standard]

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of----

M „„A

Median 2

Middle range2

Under
no

S

S

i

no

120

S

s

140

130

S

S
180

160

150

S

$

S
260

240

220

200

S

*

280

S
300

S
320

340

S
S
S
S
36o
380 408 420

and
under
120

1

---------

4*0

and
130

200

180

240

140

150

*

“

*

17
17

23
10

12
9

8
6

9
9

14
13

9
5
1

160

220

260

300

320

340

36(1

380

400

420

440

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

29Q

1
1

-

_

ALL WORKERS
93
69

$
$
$
$
39.5 199.50 186.00 163 .50-23 7.50
39.5 201.50 192.00 161 .00-24 1.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------

213
116
97

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS C
MANUFACTURING ------------ ---NONMANUFACTURING -----------COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS.
BUSINESS. CLASS A -----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING —

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS.
BUSINESS. CLASS B ----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

-

*

39.5 164.00 161.00 149 .00-17 5.00
40.0 159.00 158.00 149 .00-17 3.00
39.5 171.00 163.50 150 .50-18 4.00

3
3

5
3
2

12
4
8

16
13
3

36
25
11

31
24
7

63
26
37

26
9
17

7
7
“

5
1
4

7
7

56
26
30

40.0 153.00 133.50 124 .00-16 1.00
40.5 135.00 135.00 124 .00-14 7.50
39.0 168.00 133.50 123 .50-23 3.00

.
-

9
6
3

16
7
9

4
4

12
12
“

1
1

1
1

3
1
2

1
1

2

7

2

7

72
*0

39.5 248.00 266.50 175.50-28 6.50
39.0 290.50 275.50 2 7 o .00-317.50

_

_

3
3

3
2

20
19

6
3

4
3

132
70
62

39.5 218.50 218.50 180.50-24 7.50
39.5 224.00 218.50 192 .50-23 8.50
39.0 212.50 208.00 165 .50-2T 4.50

-

-

”

16
12
4

14
8
6

9
3
6

17
3
14

3
3

*

28
22
6

186.50 130 .00-21 1.00

-

-

10

4

-

_

•

14

*
“

14

2
1
1

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS.
BUSINESS. CLASS C —

33

39.0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS.
BUSINESS. CLASS A ---------MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANUFACTURING --------

92
42
50

39.5 343.00 344.00 3 2 2 .00-35 9.50
39.5 369.00 347.50 328 .00-40 6.50
39.5 321.50 344.00 2 7 8 .00-34 5.50

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS.
BUSINESS. CLASS B -----------MANUFACTURING --------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------

147
74
73

39.0 289.00 286.00 2 5 8 .50-31 0.00
39.0 318.50 308.50 2 8 7 .50-35 5.00
39.0 259.00 266.00 2 2 1 .00-27 2.50

DRAFTERS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING

101
97

40.0 245.00 228.00 2 1 7 .00-28 1.50
39.5 246.50 239.50 2 1 7 .00-28 2.00

DRAFTERS. CLASS 8
MANUFACTURING -

90
71

40.0 205.50 201.50 1 87 .00-22 8.50
40.0 210.50 208.00 185.50-23 7.00

DRAFTERS. CLASS C
MANUFACTURING -

136
120

39.5 155.50 145.50 126.00-16 7.50
40.0 153.00 14 0 .SO 126.00-16 2.00

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS
MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING t
PUBLIC UTILITIES —

414
155

39.5 227.00 228.00 188 .00-27 4.00
39.5 272.50 293.00 2 55 .00-29 3.00

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS. CLASS BMANUFACTURING--------------------------NONMANUFACTURINGl
PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------------NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) --MANUFACTURING ---------------------------




1

-

-

178.00

_

-

-

26

13
13

“

9

-

.

19
6
13

-

5

_

12
12

1

4

.

-

-

•

*
-

•

‘
-

1
1

*
-

-

•

-

-

-

-

2

4
4
-

24
20
4

25
1
24

7
6
1

•

2

8
8
*

2
2

3

8
5
3

10
10

5
4
1

5
5
-

3
2
1

2
2

.

20
13
7

25
20
5

21
21

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

15

89
89

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
10

5
5

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

*

_

-

-

-

-

*

7
6

40
39

8
7

6
5

13
13

-

1
-

1
-

13
12

30
15

ao

8
8

14
14

3

8

11
7

15
15

5

3

23
20

3

1
1

30

30

3

3

27
6

18
4

99
1

62
29

14

98

33

45
44

4
3

24
24

-

6

21

12

-

-

“

-

19

238
56

39.5 226.00 228.00 2 08 .00-24 7.50
38.5 244.00 255.00 242.50-26 7.00

—
—

*

3

18
4

60

*

23
3

98

“

3
3

21

“

“

28

182

40.0 220.50 228.00 208.00-22 8.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

18

20

14

98

76
70

40.0 205.00 206.00 178.00-228.00
40.0 207.00 211.00 179.50-228.00

-

-

-

2
2

1

1

16
16

16
14

8
7

22
21

8
8

-

_

3
.

15

32

-

-

-

-

3

_

-

28
6
22

*

-

-

1
1

-

13
7
6

*

-

-

_

3
3

15

“

*

-

2
2

15

21

-

5

5

_

•

13
13

*

_

-

-

-

*

_

1
-

"

-

2
2

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex.
in Greensboro—Winston-Salem—High Point, N.C., August 1975
Average
(mean2 )

Average
(m ean 2 )

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
w oiken

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - M
EN
61
60
LLt-Kixo 9 AvLUUN 1IInoi LLA j j **
•

39

W ecklv
houn *
(standard)

W eekly
earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
woiken

Weekly
hours 1
standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WM
O EN— CONTINUED
190.50
39.5 191.50 SECRETARIES
CONTINUED
39.0 157.00

39.5 161.00

504

40.0 177.00
39.0 138.00
38.5 157.00
39.5 165.00

NONMANUFACTURING:

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

96

/0 .0
n n

51

40.0 125.50

117
113
97

39.0 158.00
38.5 158.50
38.5 163.00

201
04

39 0 154 O
'
39.5 147.50
39.0 169.50

375
279

t.

82
36

53
38

39.0

87

345.00
37I *00
39.5 321*50

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS Bl
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,

46

39.0 155.00
39.0 161.50
39.5 126.00
39.5 142.50
40.0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
, _„
_

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
uUb INbbb y LL
A *
*

39.0 168.50

135
240
69

rUbLlV U11L 1 1ALJ ”

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

$

56

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------------

W eekly
hours 1
standard)

$
232

nonmanufacturing :

Sex, occupation, and industry division

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - M
EN— CONTINUED

SECRETARIESf CLASS B — — — — —

TYPISTS, CLASS B*

Average
(m ean 2 )
Number
of
workers

.r-r- *

606
397

39.0 129.00
39.5 127.00
10...00

151

38.5 101.50 SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

106
30

38.0 103.50
40.0 125.00

251

39.5 140.50

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
296*00
39 • 0 319.50
262•50

89

384

39.5 114.50
110.50
39.0 120.50 ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS

.00
IBB
71

255
146
107
155
52
103

38.0 122.50
125.50
37.5 121.00

39.0 162.00
39.0 152.50

206
67

38.5 143.00
38.5 165.00

40.0 205.00

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

378
126

39.0 124 C50

A

138

39.0 124.00
39.5 132.00
120.00
126.50

NONMANUFACTURING:
PUBLIC UTILITIES — — — — — —
ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS, CLASS BNONMANUFACTURING:
PUBLIC UTILITIES - — — ---- -

40.0 207.50
234

39.5 226.00

178

40.0 220.00

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS. CLASS C:
NONMANUFACTURING:
40.0
PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - W M
O EN

buLKLf AH1L J

OCCUPATIONS - M
EN

I f 362

40.0 193.00

NONMANUrACTURING:
161
SECRETARIES, CLASS A ------------------

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS A:

165.50

143
124

39.5 170.00
170.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A ---------COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B:

48
42
64

39.5 211.50 COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B:
39.5 207.50
40.0 166.00

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ----

40.0 150.00
7D

40.0 205.50
207.00
___________

NOTE: Earnings data in table A-3 relate only to workers whose sex identification was provided by the establishment.
to all workers in an occupation. (See appendix A for publication criteria.)




Earnings data in tables A - l and A-2, on the other hand, relate

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings

N
O ccupation and in d u stry d iv is io n

X
T
i
$
I ------ S
1 -------T ~
S
1 ------- S
S
S
S
S
s
S
S
1 ------ 1 ----- ■5----$
2.6 0 2.8 0 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.0 0 4.2 0 4.4 0 4 . 60 4 .80 5.00 5.20 5.4 0 5.6 0 5.80 6.00 6.20 6.60 7.00 7.40

l

oi
workers

Mean2 Median2

Middle range 2

U nder

2 . 60

and
under

2.80 3.00 3.20 3,40 ?,60 3.8Q 4.00 4.2 0 4.4 0 4.6 0 4 . 80 5 .00 $•20 5.40 5.6 0 5,8 0 6.0 0 6,20 6.60 7.00 7.40 7.80
ALL WORKERS
$

$

$

$

CARPENTERS* MAINTENANCE -------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

97
87

4.6 9
4.5 9

3.91
3.91

3 .5 7 - 6.29
3 .5 7 - 6.29

ELECTRICIANS. MAINTENANCE --------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

282
272

5.6 5
5.6 4

5.1 7
5.0 8

ENGINEERS. STATIONARY ---------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

127
117

5.91
5.91

HELPERS. MAINTENANCE TRADES ----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

55
55

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS. TOOLROOM —

6
6

6
6

13
12

16
16

11
11

.
*

_
*

*

11
11

18
16

“

*

9
9

3
3

8
8

4
4

*

1
1

*

-

-

-

*

*

3
3

*

6
6

1
1

-

-

64
63

8
7

38
38

3
3

3
3

1
-

-

*

5
5

-

*

2
-

4
3

1
-

11
11

-

12
12

4
4

1
1

«
-

1

*

2
“

3

“

-

*

4 .4 8 - 6.56
4 .4 8 - 6.47

.

.

6.2 9
6.2 9

5 .2 9 - 6.47
5 .2 9 - 6.47

*

*

-

4.6 3
4.6 3

4.6 6
4 .6 6

4 .3 2 - 5.46
4 .3 2 - 5.46

-

“

7
7

86
Sb

6.6 8
6.68

6.4 7
6 #47

6 .4 7 - 7.33
6.4 7
7.33

MECHANICS. AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------- r------

648
76
572
563

5.26
4.0 9
5.42
5.41

4.5 5
4.1 3
4.7 5
4.7 5

4 .2 5 3 .8 2 4 .2 5 4 .2 5 -

7.10
4.3o
7 . lo
7.11

-

•

*

7
7
-

1
1
“

20
2
18
18

29
2
27
27

42
15
27
27

58
29
29
29

no
2
108
108

73
13
60

MECHANICS. MAINTENANCE-----------------—
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

559
543

5.8 3
5.83

6.2 9
6.29

5 .0 0 - 6.2 9
5 .0 0 - 6.29

-

-

-

_
“

*

*

4
4

21
21

1
1

2
2

10
10

36
36

PAINTERS. MAINTENANCE ----------------------

59

5.1 7

5.2 5

4 .1 0 - 6.29

-

-

6

-

1

-

5

2

2

-

1

*

*

1
1




4
-

4
4

•
-

1
1

69
69

7
3

25
24

33
33

-

2
-

2
1

58
58

3
-

14
14

12
12

19
19

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

-

-

-

-

34

1

39

"

1
1
1

11
1
10
10

25
25
25

3
3
2

4
4
4

10
10
10

14
14
14

4
2
2
-

3
3
-

199
•
199
1?9

•
-

60

34
2
32
29

27
27

34
34

-

13
-

-

-

*

37
37

-

2
2

7
7

260
260

56
56

46
46

3
-

-

-

1

10

10

-

-

-

-

16

1

5

-

51
51

42
42

15

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .

-

22
22

1

-

59
59

-

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of custodial and material movement workers in Greensboro—
Winston-Salem—High Point, N.C., August 1975
Hourly earnings

Occupation and industry division

of
w ers
ork

M 2 M
ean
edian2

M
iddle ran 2
ge

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
3----- 3 ----- 3 ----- 3 ----- S
"5----- 1 ----- i----- S
S
S
S
S
S
s
S
S
r
S
S
3 ----- 3 ------ S—
2.00 2.20 2.Ao 2 .6 0 2 .8 0 3.00 3. 20 3 .Ao 3.60 3.8o A. 00 A .20 A.Ao A.60 A . 80 5.00 5.20 5 .A0 5, 60 6.00 6 .A0 6.80 7.2o
and
*
*
*
“
*
—
—
•
and
*
under
“
~
"
“
o
**
M

2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3. AO 3.60 3.80

©
o

2.20

A, 20 A.AO *,6 9 A .80 5.00 5.20 5 .A0 5.60 6, 90 6 .A0 6.80

ALL W
ORKERS
GUARDS AND W
ATCHM
EN ------------MANUFACTURING -----------------GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING ------------------watchmen:
manufacturing

993
A15

$
2.73
3.32

$
2.30
2.96

$
$
2.10 - 2.9A
2.60 - A .29

A ll
18

120
18

90
5A

9A
89

63
A8

35
35

28
27

-

22
21

7
•

3
*

10A

A .02

3.63

3.00 - A .99

*

~

3

9

15

10

5

“

12

-

*

9
9

A
3

65
65

23
20

9
6

1
•

3
*

2
*

“

A
2

3

21

20

6

*

“

“

”

•

•
•

—

*

311

3.09

2.70

2.50 - 3.2A

18

18

51

80

33

25

22

9

“

*

2

9

*

AA

*

*

”

”

*

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS ___
MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ----------

1.A92
800
692
110

2.88
3.09
2.63
3.5A

2.53
2.67
2.35
3.50

2.31 2.50 2.10 2.69 -

3.20
3.A8
2.7o
3.9o

2AA
3
2A1
*

176
A0
136

391
276
115
18

171
1A1
30
21

35
26
9
-

100
51
A9
8

57
A8
9
5

51
39
12
9

51
39
12
10

15
15
1A

7
1
6
1

27
2
25
7

7
7
“

99
91
8
7

A5
37
8
3

7
5
2
”

1
1
*

1
1
*

7
7
7

*

*

•

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING —
MANUFACTURING ------------------nonmanufacturing -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------

2,798
1,670
1.128
988

A .28
A.0A
A.6A
A .70

A .60
A .80
A .59
A. 59

3.77 2.85 A .10A . 10-

A.8o
A. 80
A.7o
A.6 0

10
9
1

52
52
*

168
165
3
“

158
155
3
“

115
9A
21

56
56
*

16
12
A
-

26
6
20
15

1A1
99
A2
36

155
2
153
153

S3
7
A6
A5

189
2
187
178

25A
3A
220
220

210 1025
9 9A7
78
201
A1
160

21
1A
7
”

7
7
-

.
*

2
2
-

-

-

1A0
1A0
1A0

ORDER FILLERS ------------------------ __ ___
MANUFACTURING -------------------

551
195

3.15
3.61

2.70
3.30

2.25- A .00
2.75 - A.Ao

28
*

185
3

29
15

65
51

33
19

10
9

A
2

A6
A6

1
*

11
*

2A
*

23
1

18
1

16
*

9
*

3
2

11
11

35
35

*

-

*

*

PACKERS. SHIPPING --------------------- —
MANUFACTURING -------------------

3A2
2A5

3.A6
3.30

3.09
3.00

2.75 - A.5n
2.75- 3.29

.
“

28
•

1A
1A

57
57

51
A9

A3
A1

38
37

A
3

10
9

-

A
3

1
*

25
1

23
*

8
*

1

5
3

26
2A

A
A

*

-

*

RECEIVING CLERKS ------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

218
89
129

3.32
3.27
3.36

3.07
3.13
2.8o

2 .AO- 3.80
2.95- 3.75
2 .A0 - A.2o

10
10

36
15
21

21
21

A
A

25
15
10

28
18
10

10
10
-

21
7
1A

6
6
*

13
8
5

6
6
-

3
1
2

9
9

1
1

1
1

*

13
13

*

2
—
2

7
3
A

2
*
2

~

SHIPPING CLERKS --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------

A6
32

A .65
5.13

A .33
5.0A

3.55- 5.25
A .33- 5.62

_
-

-

.
-

-

_
-

-

_
-

17
3

“

*

2
2

6
6

-

“

“

6
6

6
6

*

6
6

-

*

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS
MANUFACTURING -------------------

69
65

3.71
3.77

3.83
A .05

2.75- A .78
2.50- A .78

-

-

17
17

A
-

.
-

2
2

9
9

2
2

_
-

1
1

12
12

-

.

15
15

A
A

*

-

1
1

2
2

*

*

TRUCKDRIVERS ------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

2.13A
813
1,321

A .23
3.53
A .65
A .90

A .20
2.92
A .20
A .20

3.002.82A .20A .20-

A.9o
3.95
A.9o
A . 90

_
-

52
52

20
6
1A

50
36
1A

369
369
-

136
116
20

37
27
10

38
15
23

16
7
9

69
69
-

31
13
18

55A
18
536

13

9A
“
9A

270

82
1
81

1
1

3

89
89
-

AA
AA

1
*
1

165
165
165

87A
316
558
380

A .19
3.75
A. AA
A.5A

A .20
3.00
A .25
A .20

3.252.85 A .20“
A .20-

A.9p
5.75
A.9o
A .90

-

*

3A
3A
*

69
69
-

102
92
10

2A
1A
10
“

28
9
19

10
10
9

85

171
*
171
171

3

1

3

3
“

89
89
“

*

*

1
*

3
*

*
•

3

*

A
A

1.103
673

A.A1
5.12

A .20
A .80

2.82- 5.19
A .20- 5.19

-

-

3
-

-

300
—

23
-

13
-

A

9
9

99
99
99

78
78

-

-

-

AA

-

1
1

TRUCKERS, POW
ER (FORKLIFT) --MANUFACTURING -------------------

780
697

A .66
A .63

5.13
5.13

3.7A- 5.13
3.25- 5.13

-

_
“

•
-

9A
9A

A1
A1

38
38

52
51

302
295

27
1

11
A

13
*

3
*

*

88
88

W
AREHOUSEM
EN -------------------------

635

A .19

A .55

3.30- A .77

2

-

30

A1

1

-

-

283

A .81

A .77

A .77- A .91

-

1

1

------------------

TRUCKDRIVERS. MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS) -----MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------- ----PURLIC UTILITIES ----------TRUCKDRIVERS, H^AVY (OVER A TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) ------------------NONMANUFACTUPING ---- ---- -----

NONMANUFACTURING ---------- —




-

3

3

10

y

270
270

3

-

-

9
9
“

6
6
*

18
18
*

215

7
-

6
«

13
-

339
321
309

3

A

12
3

.
-

20
15

A2
A2

3
—

25
25

“

9

2A

89

21

7

10

139

161

AA

26

26

8

5

.

2

9

3

1
1
*

-

1

*

A

1 152

AA

26

26

8

5

*

215
196

85

-

*
3
3

*

*
-

A

-

161
161
161

*

-




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant.
custodial, and material movement workers, by sex, in Greensboro—
Winston-Salem—High Point, N.C., August 1975
Sex, occu pation , and indu stry d iv is io n

m a in t e n a n c e

Number
of
wo liters

Average
(mean2 )
hourly
earnings3

Sex, occu p ation , and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
[mean2 )
hourly
samings3

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

and po w e rplan t

OCCUPATIONS - M
EN
$

^

$

3*66
97

3*95

A . 69
3* 36
3.50
NONMANUFACTURING

-----------------------------------

98

3.71

, *

55

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS. TOOLROOM —

A. 63
A . 63

86
Q6

6.6 8
6.6 0

6' 0
76
572

A . 09
5.A 2

A . 07

4 .6 5
4.9 0

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

TRUCKDRIVERS* MEDIUM (1 -1 / 2 TO

5.8 3

m e c h a n ic s * m a in te n a n c e

TRUCKDRIVERS* HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS*

A

5.2 6

m a n u fa c tu r in g

193

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS

A»

6.2 2
A . 65

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS - M
EN
WAREHOUSEMEN
404

----------------------------------------------------

626

3.3 2

GUARDS t
MANUFACTURING

------------------------------------------

93

A . 08

WATCHMENS
MANUFACTURING

------------------------------------------

311

3.0 9

------

1,121

2.8 6

------------------------------

98

2.7A
3.5 7

2*670

4.1 7
4.8 0

A .27

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS - W EN
OM

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS

ORDER FILLERS
1,128

-------

-------------------------------------------------

371

2 .9 3

333

2.8 9
3.0 6
3.0 6

NOTE: Earnings data in table A-6 relate only to workers whose sex identification was provided by the
establishment. Earnings data in tables A-4 and A-5, on the other hand, relate to all workers in an occupation.
(See appendix A for publication criteria.)

Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for
selected occupational groups, adjusted for employment
shifts, in Greensboro—Winston-Salem—High Point, N.C.,
August 1974 to August 1975
Industry and occupational
group

August 1974 to August 1975

A ll industries:
Office clerical (men and women) —
- —
Electronic data processing (men and w om en)____
Industrial nurses (men and women)
----- —
Skilled maintenance trades (men) __ .. .. ..
Unskilled plant workers (men)___________________

7.3
4.6
10.0
8.2
10.5

Manufacturing:
Office clerical (men and women)---------------------Electronic data processing (men and wom en)----Industrial nurses (men and women) ------------ — —
Skilled maintenance trades (men)--- --- --- --- ----Unskilled plant workers (men) ----------------------- —

8.1
7.1
10.0
8.8
9.9

Nonmanufac turing:
Office clerical (men and women)---------------------Electronic data processing (men and wom en)----Industrial nurses (men and women) _----------------Skilled maintenance trades (men)--------------------Unskilled plant workers (m en)___________________

6.4
2.4
♦
11.3

* Data do not meet publication criteria.

NOTE: The percent increases presented in this table are based on changes in average
hourly earnings for establishments reporting the trend jobs in both the current and previous
year (matched establishments). They are not affected by changes in average earnings
resulting from employment shifts among establishments or turnover of establishments
included in survey samples. The percent increases, however, are still affected by factors
other than wage increases. Hirings, layoffs, and turnover may affect an establishment
average for an occupation when workers are paid under plans providing a range of wage rates
for individual jobs. In periods of increased hiring, for example, new employees enter at the
bottom of the range, depressing the average without a change in wage rates.
These wage trends are not linked to the wage indexes previously published for this
area because the wage indexes measured changes in area averages whereas these wage trends
measure changes in matched establishment averages. Other characteristics of these wage
trends which differ from the discontinued indexes include (1) earnings data of office clerical
workers and industrial nurses are converted to an hourly basis, (2) trend estimates are
provided for nonmanufacturing establishments where possible, and (3) trend estimates are
provided for electronic data processing jobs.
For a more detailed description of the method used to compute these wage trends, see
"Improving Area Wage Survey Indexes," Monthly Labor Review. January 1973, pp. 52-57.

Footnotes1
3
2
1 Standard hours reflect the workweek
to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job
and half receive less than the rate shown.
3 Excludes premium pay for overtime




for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond
by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median designates position— half Of the employees surveyed receive more
The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn more than the higher rate.
and for work on weekends, holidays, and'late shifts.

Appendix A
Area wage and related benefits data are obtained by personal visits of Bureau field represent­
atives at 3-year in terva ls.1 In each of the intervening years, information on employment and
occupational earnings is collected by a combination of personal visit; mail questionnaire, and telephone
interview from establishments participating in the previous survey.
In each of the 8 3 2 areas currently surveyed, data are obtained from representative estab­
lishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communication, and other
public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major
industry groups excluded from these studies are government operations and the construction and
extractive industries. Establishments having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are omitted
because of insufficient employment in the occupations studied. Separate tabulations are provided for
each of the broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.
These surveys are conducted on a sample basis. The sampling procedures involve detailed
stratification of all establishments within the scope of an individual area survey by industry and number
of employees. From this stratified universe a probability sample is selected, with each establishment
having a predetermined chance of selection. To obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater
proportion of large than small establishments is selected. When data are combined, each establishment
is weighted according to its probability of selection, so that unbiased estimates are generated. For
example, if one out of four establishments is selected, it is given a weight of four to represent itself
plus three others. An alternate of the same original probability is chosen in the same industry-size
classification if data are not available fo r the original sample member. If no suitable substitute is
available, additional weight is assigned to a sample member that is similar to the missing unit.
Occupations and Earnings
Occupations selected for study are common to a variety of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing
industries, and are of the following types: (1) Office clerical; (2) professional and technical; (3)
maintenance and powerplant; and (4) custodial and mate rial movement. Occupational classification is
based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation
in duties within the same job. Occupations selected for study are listed and described in appendix B.
Unless otherwise indicated, the earnings data following the job titles are for all industries combined.
Earnings data for some of the occupations listed and described, or for some industry divisions within
occupations, are not presented in the A -series tables, because either (1) employment in the occupation
is too small to provide enough data to m erit presentation, or (2) there is possibility of disclosure of
individual establishment data. Separate men's and women's earnings data are not presented when the
number of workers not identified by sex is 20 percent or more of the men or women identified in an
occupation. Earnings data not shown separately for industry divisions are included in all industries
combined data, where shown. Likewise, data are included in the overall classification when a sub­
classification of electronics technicians, secretaries, or truckdrivers is not shown or information to
subclassify is not available.
Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for full-time workers, i.e., those hired
to work a regular weekly schedule. Earnings data exclude premium pay for overtime and for work on
weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living allowances
and incentive bonuses are included. Weekly hours for office clerical and professional and technical
occupations refer to the standard workweek (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which employees
receive regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates).
Average weekly earnings for these occupations are rounded to the nearest half dollar.
These surveys measure the level of occupational earnings in an area at a particular time.
Comparisons of individual occupational averages over time may not reflect expected wage changes.
The averages for individual jobs are affected by changes in wages and employment patterns. For
example, proportions of workers employed by high- or low-wage firms may change, or high-wage
workers may advance to better jobs and be replaced by new workers at lower rates. Such shifts in
employment could decrease an occupational average even though most establishments in an area
increase wages during the year. Trends in earnings of occupational groupq, shown in table A-7,
are better indicators of wage trends than individual jobs within the groups.1
2

Average earnings reflect composite, areawide estimates. Industries and establishments differ
in pay level and job staffing, and thus contribute differently to the estimates for each job. Pay
averages may fail to reflect accurately the wage differential among jobs in individual establishments.
Average pay levels for men and women in selected occupations should not be assumed to
reflect differences in pay of the sexes within individual establishments. Factors which may contribute
to differences include progression within established rate ranges, since only the rates paid incumbents
are collected, and performance of specific duties within the general survey job descriptions. Job
descriptions used to classify employees in these surveys usually are more generalized than those used
in individual establishments and allow for minor differences among establishments in specific
duties performed.
Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all establishments within the scope
of the study and not the number actually surveyed. Because occupational structures among establish­
ments differ, estimates of occupational employment obtained from the sample of establishments studied
serve only to indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occupational
structure do not affect materially the accuracy of the earnings data.
Wage trends for selected occupational groups
The
Annual rates
span between
increased at

percents of change in table A-7 relate to wage changes between the indicated dates.
of increase, where shown, reflect the amount o f increase for 12 months when the time
surveys was other than 12 months. Annual rates are based on the assumption that wages
a constant rate between surveys.

Occupations used to compute wage trends are:
Office clerical (men and women):
Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class B
Clerks, accounting, classes A and B
Clerks, file, classes A, B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Keypunch operators, classes A and B
Messengers
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B
Electronic data processing
(men and women):
Computer operators, classes A, B, and C
Computer programmers, classes A, B,
and C

Electronic data processing (men
and women)— Continued
Computer systems analysts, classes A,
B, and C
Industrial nurses (men and women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, material handling

Percent changes for individual areas in the program are computed as follows:
1. Each occupation is assigned a weight based on its proportionate employment in the selected
group of occupations in the base year.
2. These weights are used to compute group averages. Each occupation's average (mean)
earnings is multiplied by its weight. The products are totaled to obtain a group average.
3. The ratio of group averages for 2 consecutive years is computed by dividing the average
for the current year by the average for the earlier year. The results— expressed as a percent— less 100
is the percent change.
Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions

1 Personal visits were on a 2-yea r c y cle before July 1972.
2 Included in die 83 areas are 13 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas are Akron, Ohio; Austin, T e x . ; Binghamton,
N. Y . —P a . ; Birmingham, A l a . ; Fort Lauderdale—H ollywood and W est Palm Beach—Boca Raton, F la .; Lexington—Fayette, K y . ; Melbourne—T itu s v ille Cocoa, F la .; N orfolk—V irgin ia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, V a. —N. C . ; Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newbutgh, N. Y . ; R aleigh—
Durham, N. C . ; Syracuse, N. Y . ; U tica—R om e, N. Y . ; and Westchester County, N. Y . In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies in
approxim ately 70 areas at the request o f the Employm ent Standards Administration o f the U. S. Department o f Labor.




Tabulations on selected establishment practices and supplementary wage provisionj (B-series
tables) are not presented in this bulletin. Information for these, tabulations is collected at 3-year
intervals.1 These tabulations on minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced office workers; shift
differentials; scheduled weekly hours and days; paid holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and
pension plans are presented (in the B -series tables) in previous bulletins for this area.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
in Greensboro—W inston-Salem—High Point, N .C .,1 August 1975
Minimum
employment
in establishments in scope
of study

Industry division2

A ll division s__ — .. ________________

Workers in establishments
Within scope of study4

Within scope
of study *

Studied

Studied
Number

Percent

786

135

176,348

100

76, 044

-

443
343

68
67

120,644
55, 704

68
32

51,099
24, 945

50
50
50
50
50

60
63
128
42
50

1
2
8
20
1
0
1
7

17,230
5, 693
19,151
8, 840
4, 790

10
3
1
1
5
3

8, 812
922
8, 081
5, 093
2,037

.

Manufacturing________________________________
Nonmanufacturing______ _____ ______ __________
Transportation, communication, and
other public utilities 5____________________
Wholesale trade6 _______________________ .
Retail trade6_______________________________
Finance, insurance, and real estate6 ____
.
Services6 7 ______ __ __ ___ ______ ___—

Number of establishments

50

1 T h e G r e e n s b o r o - W in s to n - S a le m - H ig h P o in t Standard M e tr o p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as d efin ed by the O ffic e o f M a n a g e m e n t and B u dget th rou gh
F e b r u a r y 1974, c o n s is ts of D a vid son , F o r s y th , G u ilfo rd , Randolph, S tok es, and Y a d k in C ounties.
Th e " w o r k e r s w ith in sc o p e o f stu d y" e s tim a te s
shown in th is ta b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u ra te d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s itio n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d ed in th e s u rv e y .
E s tim a te s a r e
not in ten d ed , h o w e v e r , f o r c o m p a ris o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s to m e a s u re e m p lo y m e n t tren ds o r l e v e ls sin c e (1) plan n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s
r e q u ir e s e s ta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in advan ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d studied, and (2 ) s m a ll esta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the
sc o p e o f the s u rv e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d itio n o f the Standard In d u s tria l C la s s ific a t io n M an u al w as u sed in c la s s ify in g esta b lish m en ts b y in d u stry d iv is io n .
3 In clu d es a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b ove the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
A l l o u tlets (w ith in the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in
in d u s trie s such as tra d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tio n p ic tu r e th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e re d as 1 e s ta b lish m en t.
4 In clu d es a ll w o r k e r s in a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t (w ith in the a r e a ) at o r ab ove the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
5 A b b r e v ia te d to "p u b lic u t ilit ie s " in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s .
T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in c id e n ta l to w a te r tra n s p o rta tio n w e r e e x clu d ed .
The
tr a n s it s y s te m in W in s to n -S a le m , and tw o o f the e le c t r ic u t ilit ie s su pplyin g le s s than h a lf o f the e le c t r ic con su m ption w e r e p u b lic ly ow n ed and
e x c lu d e d b y d e fin itio n f r o m the sc o p e o f the study.
6 T h is d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s f o r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the A - s e r i e s ta b les.
S e p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n o f data
is not m ad e f o r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
(1 ) E m p lo y m e n t is too s m a ll to p ro v id e enough data to m e r it s e p a ra te study, (2 ) the sa m p le
w as not d e s ig n e d in it a lly to p e r m it s e p a ra te p re s e n ta tio n , (3 ) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequate to p e r m it s e p a ra te p re s e n ta tio n , and (4 ) th e re
is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e Of in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t data.
7 H o te ls and m o te ls ; la u n d rie s and o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u sin ess s e r v i c e s ; au tom ob ile r e p a ir , ren ta l, and p a rk in g ; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ;
n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s (e x c lu d in g r e lig io u s and c h a rita b le o rg a n iz a tio n s ); and e n g in e e rin g and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .




Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate
occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and
from area to area. This permits the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in
individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed
to exclude working supervisors; apprentices; learners; beginners; trainees; and handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
B ILLER, MACHINE

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than an ordinary or electromatic
typewriter. May also keep records as to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work
incidental to billing operations. F or wage study purposes, billers, machine, are classified by type of
machine, as follows:

Perform s one or more accounting clerical tasks such as posting to registers and ledgers;
reconciling bank accounts; verifying the internal consistency, completeness, and mathematical accuracy
of accounting documents; assigning prescribed accounting distribution codes; examining and verifying
for clerical accuracy various types of reports, lists, calculations, posting, etc.; or preparing simple or
assisting in preparing more complicated journal vouchers. May work in either a manual or automated
accounting system.

B iller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing machine (combination typing and
adding machine) to prepare bills and invoices from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared
orders, shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined discounts and
shipping charges and entry of necessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing
machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The operation usually involves a
large number of carbon copies of the b ill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.
B ille r r machine (bookkeeping machine> Uses a bookkeeping machine (with or without a
.
typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills as part of the accounts receivable operation.
Generally involves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The machine
automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints
automatically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping. Works from
uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (with or without a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of
business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and experience in basic bookkeeping
principles, and fam iliarity with the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each phase of the work. May
prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B . Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of a set of records usually
requiring little knowledge of basic bookkeeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described under b iller, machine), cost
distribution, expense distribution, inventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.




The work requires a knowledge of clerical methods and office practices and procedures which
relates to the clerical processing and recording of transactions and accounting information. With
experience, the worker typically becomes fam iliar with the bookkeeping and accounting terms and
procedures used in the assigned work, but is not required to have a knowledge of the formal principles
of bookkeeping and accounting.
Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.
Class A. Under general supervision, performs accounting clerical operations which require
the application of experience and judgment, for example, clerically processing complicated or
nonrepetitive accounting transactions, selecting among a substantial variety of prescribed accounting
codes and classifications, or tracing transactions though previous accounting actions to determine
source of discrepancies. May be assisted by one or more class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under close supervision, following detailed instructions and standardized procedures,
performs one or more routine accounting clerical operations, such as posting to ledgers, cards, or
worksheets where identification of items and locations of postings are clearly indicated; checking
accuracy and completeness of standardized and repetitive records or accounting documents; and coding
documents using a few prescribed accounting codes.
CLERK, FILE
F iles, classifies, and retrieves material in an established filing system. May perform
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain files. Positions are classified into levels on the basis
of the following definitions.
Class A . Classifies and indexes file material such as correspondence, reports, technical
documents, etc., in an established filing system containing a number of varied subject matter files.
May also file this material. May keep records of various types in conjunction with the files. May
lead a small group of lower level file clerks.

SECRETARY— Continued
Class B . Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple (subject matter) headings
or partly classified material by finer subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids. As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards material. May perform
related clerical tasks required to maintain and service files.
Class C. Perform s routine filing of material that has already been classified or which is
easily classified in a simple serial classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or
numerical). As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards material; and may
fill out withdrawal charge. May perform simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.
CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by mail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the following: Quoting prices to customers; making out an order
sheet listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order sheet;
and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled. May check with credit department
to determine credit rating of customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up
orders to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping invoices
with original orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary data on the payroll sheets.
Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings based on time or production records; and posting
calculated data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, wdrking days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster
in making up and distributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Operates a keypunch machine to record or verify alphabetic and/or numeric data on tabulating
cards or on tape.
Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.
Class A . Work requires the application of experience and judgment in selecting procedures
to be followed and in searching for, interpreting, selecting, or coding items to be keypunched from a
variety of source documents. On occasion may also perform some routine keypunch work. May train
inexperienced keypunch operators.
Class B. Work is routine and repetitive. Under close supervision or following specific
procedures or instructions, works from various standardized source documents which have been coded,
and follows specified procedures which have been prescribed in detail and require little or no selecting,
coding, or interpreting of data to be recorded. Refers to supervisor problems arising from erroneous
items or codes or missing information.
MESSENGER

Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above characteristics.
positions which are excluded from the definition are as follows:

Examples of

a.

Positions which do not meet the "personal" secretary concept described above;

b.

Stenographers

c. Stenographers
managerial persons;

not fully trained in secretarial type duties;
serving as office assistants

to a group of professional, technical, or

d. Secretary positions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or sub­
stantially more complex and responsible than those characterized in the definition;
e. Assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more responsible technical,
administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical duties which are not typical of secretarial
work.
NOTE: The term "corporate officer, " used in the level definitions following, refers to those
officials who have a significant corporate-wide policymaking role with regard to major company
activities.
The title "vice president," though normally indicative of this
role, dops not in all cases
identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility is to act personally on individual
cases or transactions (e.g., approve or deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual
trust accounts; directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate officers" for
purposes of applying the following level definitions.
Class A
1. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that employs, in all,
over 100 but fewer than 5, 000 persons; or
2. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of the board or president) of a
company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000 persons; or
3. Secretary to the head, immediately below the corporate officer level, of a major segment
or subsidiary of a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
Class B
1. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that employs, ^n all,
fewer than 100 persons; or2
5
4
3
2. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of the board or president) of a
company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or
3. Secretary to the head, immediately below the officer level, over either a major corporate­
wide functional activity (e.g., marketing, research, operations, industrial relations, etc.) or a major
geographic or organizational segment (e.g., a regional headquarters; a major division) of a company
that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000 employees; or

Perform s various routine duties such as running errands, operating minor office machines
such as sealers or m ailers, opening and distributing mail, and other minor clerical work. Exclude
positions that require operation of a motor vehicle as a significant duty.

4. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level of
official) that employs, in all, over 5,000 persons; or

SECRETARY

5. Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational segment (e.g., a middle
management supervisor of an organizational segment often involving as many as several hundred
persons) or a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.

Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Maintains a close and highly
responsive relationship to the day-to-day work of the supervisor. Works fairly independently
receiving a minimum of detailed supervision and guidance. Perform s varied clerical and secretarial
duties, usually including most of the following:
a. Receives telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming mail, answers routine inquires,
and routes technical inquiries to the proper persons;
b.

Establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files;

c.

Maintains the supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed;

d. Relays messages from supervisor to subordinates;
e. Reviews correspondence, memorandums, and reports prepared by others for the super­
visor's signature to assure procedural and typographic accuracy;
f.

Perform s stenographic and typing work.

May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks of comparable nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organization, programs,
work of the supervisor.

Digitized forprocedures related to the
and FRASER


Class C
1. Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose responsibility is not equivalent to
one
of the specific level situations in the definition for class B, but whose organizational unit
normally numbers at least several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level includes a wide range of
organizational echelons; in others, only one or two; or
2. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level of
official) that employs, in all, fewer than 5,000 persons.
Class D
1. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational unit (e.g., fewer than
about 25 or 30 persons); or
2. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional employee, administrative
officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert. (NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers
rather than secretaries as described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory w orker.)

STENOGRAPHER

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (Electric Accounting Machine Operator)

Prim ary duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to transcribe the dictation. May also
type from written copy. May operate from a stenographic pool. May occasionally transcribe from
voice recordings (if prim ary duty is transcribing from recordings, see Transcribing-Machine
Operator, General).

Operates one or a variety of machines such as the tabulator, calculator, collator, interpreter,
sorter, reproducing punch, etc. Excluded from this definition are working supervisors. Also excluded
are operators of electronic digital computers, even though they may also operate EAM equipment.

NOTE: This job is distinguished from that of a secretary in that a secretary normally works
in a confidential relationship with only one manager or executive and performs more responsible and
discretionary tasks as described in the secretary job definition.

Class A. Perform s complete reporting and tabulating assignments including devising difficult
control panel wiring under general supervision. Assignments typically involve a variety of long and
complex reports which often are irregular or nonrecurring, requiring some planning of the nature and
sequencing of operations, and the use of a variety of machines. Is typically involved in training new
operators in machine operations or training lower level operators in wiring from diagrams and in
the operating sequences of long and complex reports. Does not include positions in which wiring
responsibility is limited to selection and insertion of prewired boards.

Stenographer, General
Dictation involves a normal routine vocabulary.
or perform other relatively routine clerical tasks.

May maintain files, keep simple records,

Stenographer, Senior
Dictation involves a varied technical .or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
OR
Perform s stenographic duties requiring significantly greater independence and responsibility
than stenographer, general, as evidenced by the following: Work requires a high degree of stenographic
speed and accuracy; a thorough working knowledge of general business and office procedure; and of
the specific business operations, organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as maintaining followup
files; assembling material for reports, memorandums, and letters; composing simple letters from
general instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a telephone switchboard or console used with a private branch exchange (PBX)
system to relay incoming, outgoing, and intra-system calls. May provide information to callers,
record and transmit messages, keep record of calls placed and toll charges. Besides operating a
telephone switchboard or console, may also type or perform routine clerical work (typing or routine
clerical work may occupy the major portion of the worker's time, and is usually performed while at
the switchboard or console). Chief or lead operators in establishments employing more than one
operator are excluded. F or an operator who also acts as a receptionist, see Switchboard OperatorReceptionist.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
At a single-position telephone switchboard or console, acts both as an operator— see Switch­
board Operator— and as a receptionist. Receptionist's work involves such duties as greeting visitors;
determining nature of visito r's business and providing appropriate information; referring visitor to
appropriate person in the organization, or contacting that person by telephone and arranging an
appointment; keeping a log of visitors.

Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.

Class B . Perform s work according to established procedures and under specific instructions.
Assignments typically involve complete but routine and recurring reports or parts of larger and more
complex reports. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical accounting machines such as the
tabulator and calculator, in addition to the simpler machines used by class C operators. May be
required to do some wiring from diagrams. May train new employees in basic machine operations.
Class C. Under specific instructions, operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, interpreter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. Assignments typically
involve portions of a work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs, or repetitive
operations. May perform simple wiring from diagrams, and do some filing work.
T R A N S C R IB IN G rM A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L

Prim ary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine vocabulary from tran­
scribing-machine records. May also type from written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers
transcribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or
reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by
Stenotype or sim ilar machine is classified as a stenographer.
T Y P IS T

Uses a typewriter to make copies of various materials or to make out bills after calculations
have been made by another person. May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for
use in duplicating processes. May 'o clerical work involving little special training, such as keeping
simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and distributing incoming mail.
Class A . Perform s one or more of the following: Typing material in final form when it
involves combining material from several sources; or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication,
punctuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language material; or planning layout and
typing of complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters, varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B. Perform s one or more of the following: Copy typing from rough or clear drafts;
or routine typing of form s, insurance policies, etc; or setting up simple standard tabulations; or
copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
COMPUTER OPERATOR

COMPUTER OPERATOR— Continued

Monitors and operates the control console of a digital computer to process data cccording to
operating instructions, usually prepared by a programmer. Work includes most of the following:
Studies instructions to determine equipment setup and operations; loads equipment With required
items (tape reels, cards, etc.); switches necessary auxiliary equipment into circuit, and starts and
operates computer; makes adjustments to computer to correct operating problems and meet special
conditions; reviews errors made during operation and determines cause or refers problem to
supervisor or programmer; and maintains operating records. May test and assist in correcting
program.

Class B. Operates independently, or under only general direction, a computer running
programs with most of the following characteristics: Most of the programs are established production
runs, typically run on a regularly recurring basis; there is little or no testing of new programs
required; alternate programs are provided in case original program needs major change or cannot be
corrected within a reasonably time. In common erro r situations, diagnoses cause and takes corrective
action. This usually involves applying previously programmed corrective steps, or using standard
correction techniques.
OR

For wage study purposes, computer operators are classified as follows:
Class A . Operates independently, or under only general direction, a computer running
programs with most of the following characteristics: New programs are frequently tested and
introduced; scheduling requirements are of critical importance to minimize downtime; the programs
are of complex design so that identification of erro r source often requires a working knowledge of the
total program, and alternate programs may not be available. May give direction and guidance to
lower level operators.




Operates under direct supervision a computer running programs or segments of programs
with the characteristics described for class A. May assist a higher level operator by independently
performing less difficult tasks assigned, and performing difficult tasks following detailed instructions
and with frequent review of operations performed.
Class C. Works on routine programs under close supervision. Is expected to develop working
knowledge of the computer equipment used and ability to detect problems involved in running routine
programs. Usually has received some form al training in computer operation. May assist higher level
operator on complex programs.

Converts statements of business problems, typically prepared by a systems analyst, into a
sequence of detailed instructions which are required to solve the problems by automatic data processing
equipment. Working from charts or diagrams, the programmer develops the precise instructions which,
when entered into the computer system in coded language, cause the manipulation of data to achieve
desired results. Work involves most of the following: Applies knowledge of computer capabilities,
mathematics, logic employed by computers, and particular subject matter involved to analyze charts
and diagrams of the problem to be programmed; develops sequence of program steps; writes detailed
flow charts to show order in which data w ill be processed; converts these charts to coded instructions
for machine to follow; tests and corrects programs; prepares instructions for operating personnel
during production run; analyzes, reviews, and alters programs to increase operating efficiency or
adapt to new requirements; maintains records of program development and revisions. (NOTE: Workers
performing both systems analysis and programming should be classified as systems analysts if this is
the skill used to determine their pay.)
Does not include employees prim arily responsible for the management or supervision of other
electronic data processing employees, or programmers prim arily concerned with scientific and/or
engineering problems.
For wage study purposes, programmers are classified as follows:
Class A . Works independently or under only general direction on complex problems which
require competence in all phases of programming concepts and practices. Working from diagrams
and charts which identify the nature of desired results, major processing steps to be accomplished,
and the relationships between various steps of the problem solving routine; plans the full range
of programming actions needed to efficiently utilize the computer system in achieving desired
end products.
At this level, programming is difficult because computer equipment must be organized to
produce several interrelated but diverse products from numerous and diverse data elements. A wide
variety and extensive number of internal processing actions must occur. This requires such actions as
development of common operations which can be reused, establishment of linkage points between
operations, adjustments to data when program requirements exceed computer storage capacity, and
substantial manipulation and resequencing of data elements to form a highly integrated program.

For wage study purposes, systems analysts are classified as follows:
Glass A . Works independently or under only general direction an complex problems involving
all phases of system analysis. Problems are complex because of diverse sources of input data and
multiple-use requirements of output data. (F or .example, develops an integrated production scheduling,
inventory control, cost analysis, and sales analysis record in which every item of each type is
automatically processed through the full system of records and appropriate followup actions are initiated
by the computer.) Confers with persons concerned to determine the data processing problems and
advises subject-matter personnel on the implications of new or revised systems of data processing
operations. Makes recommendations, if needed, for approval of m ajor systems installations or changes
and for obtaining equipment.
May provide functional direction to lower level systems analysts who are assigned to assist.
Class B. Works independently or under only general direction on problems that are relatively
uncomplicated to analyze, plan, program, and operate. Problems are of limited complexity because
sources of input data are homogeneous and the output data are closely related. (F or example, develops
systems for maintaining depositor accounts in a bank, maintaining accounts receivable in a retail
establishment, or maintaining inventory accounts in a manufacturing or wholesale establishment.)
Confers with persons concerned to determine the data processing problems and advises subjectmatter personnel on the implications of the data processing systems to be applied.
OR
Works on a segment of a complex data processing scheme or system, as described for class A.
Works independently on routine assignments and receives instruction and guidance on complex
assignments. Work is reviewed for accuracy of judgment, compliance with instructions, and to insure
proper alignment with the overall system.
Class C. Works under immediate supervision, carrying out analyses as assigned, usually
of a single activity. Assignments are designed to develop and expand practical experience in the
application of procedures and skills required for systems analysis work. For example, may assist a
higher level systems analyst by preparing the detailed specifications required by programmers from
information developed by the higher level analyst.

May provide functional direction to lower level programmers who are assigned to assist.
Class B. Works independently or under only general direction on relatively Simple programs,
or on simple segments of complex programs. Programs (or segments) usually process information to
produce data in two or three varied sequences or formats. Reports and listings are produced by
refining, adapting, arraying, or making minor additions to or deletions from input data which are
readily available. While numerous records may be processed, the data have been refined in prior
actions so that the accuracy and sequencing of data can be tested by using a few routine checks.
Typically, the program deals with routine record-keeping type operations.
OR
Works on complex programs (as described for class A) under close direction of a higher
level programmer or supervisor. May assist higher level programmer by independently performing
less difficult tasks assigned, and performing more difficult tasks under fairly close direction.
May guide or instruct lower level programmers.
Class C. Makes practical applications of programming practices and concepts usually learned
in formal training courses. Assignments are designed to develop competence in the application of
standard procedures to routine problems. Receives close supervision on new aspects of assignments;
and work is reviewed to verify its accuracy and conformance with required procedures.
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS
Analyzes business problems to formulate procedures for solving them by use of electronic
data processing equipment. Develops a complete description of all specifications needed to enable
programmers to prepare required digital computer programs. Work involves most of the following:
Analyzes subject-matter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and criteria required to
achieve satisfactory results; specifies number and types of records, files, and documents to be used;
outlines actions to be performed by personnel and computers in sufficient detail for presentation to
management and for programming (typically this involves preparation of work and data flow charts);
coordinates the development of test problems and participates in tria l runs of new and revised systems;
and recommends equipment changes to obtain more effective overall operations. (NOTE: Workers
performing both systems analysis and programming should be classified as systems analysts if this is
the skill used to determine their pay.)
Does not include employees prim arily responsible for the management or supervision of other
electronic data processing employees, or systems analysts prim arily concerned with scientific or
engineering problems.




DRAFTER
Clas8 A. Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having distinctive design features
that differ significantly from established drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design
originator, and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of each change on the
details of form, function, and positional relationships of components and parts. Works with a
minimum of supervisory assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for consistency
with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare drawings, or direct their preparation by
lower level drafters.
Class B . Perform s nonroutine and complex drafting assignments that require the application
of most of the standardized drawing techniques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as:
Prepares working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple functions, and precise
positional relationships between components; prepares architectural drawings for construction of a
building including detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof. Uses accepted
formulas and manuals in making necessary computations to determine quantities of materials to be
used, load capacities, strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements, and
advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for engineering, construction,
manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types of drawings prepared include isom etric projections
(depicting three dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning of components
and convey needed information. Consolidates details from a number of sources and adjusts or
transposes scale as required. Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are less complete when assignments
recur. Work may be spot-checked during progress.
DRAFTER-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing cloth or paper over drawings
and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not include tracing lim ited to plans prim arily consisting of
straight lines and a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
AND/OR
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
during progress.

Work is closely supervised

W o r k s on
c o m b in a tio n o f the
c o n s tru c tin g , and
p r in c ip le s , a b ility

v a r io u s ty p e s o f e le c t r o n ic equ ipm en t and re la te d d e v ic e s by p e r fo r m in g one o r a
fo llo w in g : In s ta llin g , m a in ta in in g , r e p a ir in g , o v e rh a u lin g , tro u b le s h o o tin g , m o d ify in g ,
te s tin g .
W o r k r e q u ir e s p r a c t ic a l ap p lica tio n o f te c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e o f e le c t r o n ic s
to d e te r m in e m a lfu n c tio n s , and s k ill to put equ ipm ent in r e q u ir e d o p e ra tin g con d ition .

C la s s B . A p p lie s c o m p r e h e n s iv e te c h n ic a l k n o w led g e to s o lv e c o m p le x p ro b le m s (i. e . , th ose
that t y p ic a lly can be s o lv e d s o le ly by p r o p e r ly in te r p r e tin g m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m anuals o r s im ila r
d o c u m e n ts ) in w o rk in g on e le c t r o n ic equ ip m en t. W o rk in v o lv e s : A fa m ilia r it y w ith the in t e r r e la t io n ­
ships o f c ir c u it s ; and ju d gm en t in d e te rm in in g w o rk seq u en ce and in s e le c tin g to o ls and te s tin g
in s tru m e n ts , u su ally le s s c o m p le x than th o s e used b y the c la s s A te c h n ic ia n .

T h e eq u ip m en t— c o n s is tin g o f e it h e r m any d iffe r e n t kinds o f c ir c u its o r m u ltip le re p e titio n of
the s a m e kind of c ir c u it — in c lu d e s , but is not lim ite d to , the fo llo w in g :
(a ) E le c t r o n ic tra n s m ittin g
and r e c e iv in g eq u ip m en t (e . g . , r a d a r , ra d io , t e le v is io n , te le p h o n e , son ar, n a v ig a tio n a l a id s ), (b )
d ig it a l and an .log c o m p u te r s , and (c ) in d u s tr ia l and m e d ic a l m e a s u rin g and c o n tr o llin g equ ip m en t.

R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l gu id a n ce, as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r l e v e l tech n icia n , and
w o r k is r e v ie w e d fo r s p e c ific c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d p r a c t ic e s and w o rk a ssign m en ts. M a y p ro v id e
te c h n ic a l gu idan ce to lo w e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s .

T h is c la s s ific a t io n e x c lu d e s r e p a ir e r s o f such stan dard e le c t r o n ic equ ipm en t as co m m o n o ffic e
m a c h in e s and h ou seh old r a d io and t e le v is io n se ts ; prod u ction a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h ose
p r im a r y duty is
s e r v ic in g e le c t r o n ic t e s t in s tru m e n ts ; tech n ic ia n s who have a d m in is tr a tiv e o r
s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y ; and d r a ft e r s , d e s ig n e r s , and p r o fe s s io n a l e n g in e e rs .

C la s s G . A p p lie s w o rk in g te c h n ic a l k n o w led ge to p e r fo r m s im p le o r rou tin e task s in w ork in g
on e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m en t, fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s w h ich c o v e r v ir t u a lly a ll p ro c e d u re s .
W ork
t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s such ta s k s as: A s s is t in g h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s by p e r fo r m in g such a c t iv itie s as
re p la c in g c o m p o n en ts, w ir in g c ir c u it s , and ta k in g te s t re a d in g s ; r e p a ir in g s im p le e le c tr o n ic equipm ent;
and using to o ls and co m m o n te s t in stru m en ts (e . g . , m u ltim e te r s , audio s ig n a l g e n e r a to r s , tube t e s t e r s ,
o s c illo s c o p e s ). Is not r e q u ir e d to b e fa m ilia r w ith the in te r r e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u its . T h is k n o w led ge,
h o w e v e r , m a y be a c q u ire d th rou gh a s s ig n m e n ts d e s ig n e d to in c r e a s e c o m p e te n c e (in clu din g c la s s r o o m
tr a in in g ) so that w o r k e r can advance to h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n .

P o s itio n s

a r e c la s s ifie d in to l e v e ls

on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .

R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l gu id a n ce, as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r l e v e l tech n icia n . W ork
is ty p ic a lly spot c h e c k e d , but is g iv e n d e ta ile d r e v ie w when n ew o r ad va n ced assign m en ts a re in v o lv e d .

G la s s A .
A p p lie s a d va n ced te c h n ic a l k n ow led ge to s o lv e unusually c o m p le x p ro b le m s (i. e . ,
th ose that t y p ic a lly cannot be s o lv e d s o le ly by
r e fe r e n c e to m a n u fa c tu r e r s 1 m an u als o r s im ila r
d o c u m e n ts ) in w o rk in g on e le c t r o n ic equ ip m en t.
E x a m p les o f such p ro b le m s in clu d e lo c a tio n and
d e n s ity o f c ir c u it r y , e le c t r o - m a g n e t ic r a d ia tio n , is o la tin g m a lfu n c tio n s , and fre q u e n t e n g in e e rin g
ch a n ges.
W o rk in v o lv e s :
A d e ta ile d u n d erstan d in g of the in te rre la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s ; e x e r c is in g
in depen den t ju d gm en t in p e r fo r m in g such ta s k s as m akin g c ir c u it a n a ly s e s , c a lc u la tin g w a v e fo r m s ,
t r a c in g r e la tio n s h ip s in s ig n a l flo w ; and r e g u la r ly using c o m p le x te s t in stru m en ts' (e .g ., dual tr a c e
o s c illo s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia tio n m e t e r s , p u lse g e n e r a to r s ).
W o rk m a y be r e v ie w e d by
c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d p r a c t ic e s .

s u p e r v is o r (fre q u e n tly an e n g in e e r o r d e s ig n e r )
M a y p r o v id e te c h n ic a l guidance to lo w e r l e v e l

fo r g e n e r a l
te c h n ic ia n s .

N U R S E , IN D U S T R IA L (R e g is t e r e d )
A r e g is t e r e d n u rse who g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e u n der g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ire c tio n to i l l o r in ju re d
e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e rs o n s who b e c o m e i l l o r s u ffe r an a cc id e n t on the p r e m is e s o f a fa c t o r y o r
o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
D u ties in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : G iv in g fi r s t aid to the i l l o r
in ju re d ; attending to subsequent d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k eep in g r e c o r d s o f patien ts tre a te d ;
p re p a r in g a ccid en t re p o r ts f o r co m p en sa tio n o r o th er p u rp o s e s ; a s s is tin g in p h y s ic a l ex am in ation s and
h ealth e v a lu a tio n s o f ap p lica n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y in g out p ro g r a m s in v o lv in g health
ed u ca tio n , a cc id e n t p r e v e n tio n , ev a lu a tio n o f plant e n v iro n m e n t, o r o th er a c t iv it ie s a ffe c tin g the h ealth,
w e lf a r e , and s a fe ty of a ll p e rs o n n e l. N u rs in g s u p e r v is o r s o r head n u rses in e sta b lish m en ts em p lo yin g
m o r e than one n u rse a re ex clu d ed .

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
B O IL E R T E N D E R

H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

F i r e s s ta tio n a r y b o ile r s to fu rn is h th e esta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith h ea t, p o w e r,
o r ste a m .
F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e by hand o r o p e ra te s a m e c h a n ic a l s to k e r, g a s , o r o il b u rn e r; and
c h e c k s w a t e r and s a fe ty v a lv e s .
M a y c le a n , o il, o r a s s is t in re p a irin g b o ile r r o o m equ ipm en t.

A s s is t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m ain ten a n ce tr a d e s , b y p e r fo r m in g s p e c ific o r
g e n e r a l d u ties o f l e s s e r s k ill, such as k eep in g a w o r k e r su p p lied w ith m a t e r ia ls and to o ls ; clea n in g
w o rk in g a r e a , m a c h in e , and eq u ip m en t; a s s is tin g jo u rn e y m a n by h oldin g m a te r ia ls o r to o ls ; and
p e r fo r m in g o th er u n s k ille d ta sk s as d ir e c te d b y jo u rn e y m a n . T h e kin d o f w o rk the h e lp e r is p e rm itte d
to p e r fo r m v a r ie s fr o m tra d e to t r a d e :
In s o m e tr a d e s the h e lp e r is c o n fin e d to su pplyin g, liftin g ,
and h old in g m a t e r ia ls and t o o ls , and c le a n in g w o rk in g a r e a s ; and in o th e rs he is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m
s p e c ia liz e d m a ch in e o p e r a tio n s , o r p a rts * o f a tr a d e that a r e a ls o p e r fo r m e d by w o r k e r s on a
f u ll- t im e b a s is .

C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r f o r m s the c a r p e n tr y d u ties n e c e s s a r y to co n stru ct and m aintain in g o o d r e p a ir bu ildin g
w o o d w o rk and eq u ip m en t such as b in s , c r ib s , co u n te rs , b en ch es, p a rtitio n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s ta ir s ,
c a s in g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o st of the fo llo w in g : Plan n in g
and la y in g out o f w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tru c tio n s ; using a v a r ie t y of
c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d to o ls, p o r ta b le p o w e r t o o ls , and standard m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; m ak in g stan dard
shop co m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e le c tin g m a te r ia ls n e c e s s a r y fo r the w o rk . In
g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n t e r re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally
a c q u ire d th ro u gh a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .
E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l tr a d e fu nctions such as the in s ta lla tio n , m a in te n a n c e , o r
r e p a ir o f eq u ip m en t f o r th e g e n e r a tio n , d is tr ib u tio n , o r u tiliza tio n o f e le c t r ic e n e r g y in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : In s ta llin g o r re p a ir in g any of a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r i c a l equ ip m en t
such as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w itc h b o a r d s , c o n t r o lle r s , c ir c u it b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h eatin g units,
con du it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r tr a n s m is s io n e q u ip m en t; w o rk in g fr o m b lu ep rin ts, d r a w in g s , la y o u ts , o r
o th e r s p e c ific a t io n s ; lo c a tin g and d ia g n o s in g tr o u b le in the e le c t r ic a l s y s te m o r eq u ip m en t; w o rk in g
sta n d a rd co m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n ts o f w ir in g o r e le c t r ic a l equ ip m en t; and using a
v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic ia n 's h a n d tools and m e a s u r in g and te s tin g in stru m en ts. In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the
m a in te n a n c e e le c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O p e r a te s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e rv is e the o p e ra tio n of s ta tio n a r y e n g in e s and
eq u ip m en t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to su pply th e esta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , h ea t,
r e f r ig e r a t io n , o r a ir - c o n d itio n in g .
W o r k in v o lv e s :
O p era tin g and m ain tain in g eq u ip m en t such as
s te a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , tu rb in e s , v e n tila tin g and r e fr ig e r a t in g equ ip m en t,
s te a m b o ile r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m ps; m a k in g equ ipm ent r e p a ir s ; and k eep in g a r e c o r d o f o p e ra tio n
o f m a c h in e r y , te m p e r a tu r e , and fu e l co n su m p tio n .
M a y a ls o s u p e rv is e th e s e o p e ra tio n s .
H ead o r
c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one e n g in e e r a re exclu ded.




M A C H IN E - T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O L R O O M
S p e c ia liz e s in o p e ra tin g one o r m o r e than one ty p e o f m a ch in e t o o l (e .g ., j i g b o r e r , grin d in g
m a c h in e , en gin e la th e , m illin g m a c h in e ) to m a ch in e m e ta l fo r use in m ak in g o r m ain tain in g jig s ,
fix t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o ls , g a u g e s , o r m e ta l d ies o r m o ld s used in shaping o r fo r m in g m e ta l o r n o n m e ta llic
m a t e r ia l (e . g . , p la s tic , p la s t e r , ru b b e r, g la s s ). W o rk t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s : Plan n in g and p e r fo r m in g
d iffic u lt m a ch in in g o p e ra tio n s w h ich r e q u ir e c o m p lic a te d setups o r a high d e g r e e o f a cc u ra c y ; settin g
up m a ch in e to o l o r t o o ls (e .g ., in s ta ll cutting t o o ls and adjust g u id e s , sto p s , w o rk in g ta b le s , and oth er
c o n tr o ls to handle the s iz e o f sto ck to be m a ch in ed ; d e te r m in e p r o p e r fe e d s , s p eed s, to o lin g , and
o p e ra tio n sequ en ce o r s e le c t th o s e p r e s c r ib e d in d ra w in g s , b lu e p rin ts , o r la y o u ts ); using a v a r ie t y of
p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; m akin g n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm en ts d u rin g m a ch in in g o p era tio n to ach ieve
re q u is ite d im e n s io n s to v e r y c lo s e to le r a n c e s . M a y be r e q u ir e d to s e le c t p r o p e r coola n ts and cutting
and lu b r ic a tin g o ils , to r e c o g n iz e when t o o ls n eed d r e s s in g , and to d r e s s to o ls . In g e n e r a l, the w ork
o f a m a c h in e - to o l o p e r a to r , t o o lr o o m , at the s k ill l e v e l c a lle d fo r in th is c la s s ific a tio n re q u ir e s
e x te n s iv e k n o w led g e o f m a c h in e -s h o p and to o lr o o m p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ire d throu gh c o n s id e ra b le
o n -th e -jo b tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a ge study p u rp o s e s , th is c la s s ific a t io n d o es not in clu d e m a c h in e -to o l
o p e r a to r s , to o lr o o m , e m p lo y e d in t o o l- a n d - d ie jo b b in g shops.

M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a rts and n ew p a rts in m akin g r e p a ir s o f m e ta l p a rts o f m e c h a n ic a l
equ ip m en t o p e ra te d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : in te r p r e tin g w ritte n
in s tru c tio n s and s p e c ific a tio n s ; planning and la y in g out o f w o r k ; using a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in is t's handtools
and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; settin g up and o p e ra tin g sta n d a rd m a c h in e to o ls ; shaping o f m e ta l

p a rts to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; m a k in g sta n d a rd shop com p u tation s r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o lin g ,
fe e d s , and s p eed s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w led g e o f the w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s o f the com m on m e ta ls ; s e le c tin g
stan dard m a t e r ia ls , p a r ts , and equ ip m en t r e q u ir e d f o r th is w o r k ; and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a rts in to
m e c h a n ic a l equ ip m en t.
In g e n e r a l, the m a c h in is t's w o r k n o r m a lly re q u ir e s a rou nded tr a in in g in
m a c h in e -s h o p p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .

P a in ts and r e d e c o r a te s w a lls , w o o d w o rk , and fix t u r e s o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k in v o lv e s the
fo llo w in g : K n o w led ge o f su rfa c e p e c u lia r it ie s and ty p e s o f pain t r e q u ir e d fo r d iffe r e n t a p p lic a tio n s ;
p re p a r in g su rfa c e fo r painting by r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p la c in g putty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o le s and
in t e r s t ic e s ; and a pplyin g paint w ith s p ra y gun o r b ru sh . M a y m ix c o lo r s , o ils , w h ite le a d , and o th er
paint in g re d ie n ts to obtain p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is te n c y .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in ten a n ce
p a in te r re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r
eq u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M a in te n a n c e )
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a irs a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o to r tr u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s
m o st o f the fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u to m o tiv e equ ip m en t to d ia gn o se s o u rc e o f tr o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g
equ ipm en t and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that in v o lv e the use o f such h an dtools as w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r i l l s ,
o r s p e c ia liz e d equ ip m en t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a rts ; r e p la c in g b ro k en o x d e fe c t iv e p a rts fr o m
stock ; g rin d in g and a d ju stin g v a lv e s ; re a s s e m b lin g and in s ta llin g the v a r io u s a s s e m b lie s in th e v e h ic le
and m aking n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm en ts; and a lig n in g w h e e ls , ad ju stin g b ra k e s and lig h ts , o r tig h te n in g body
b olts. In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the a u to m o tiv e m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly
a c q u ire d throu gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

r e p a ir

T h is c la s s ific a t io n
shops.

d oes not in clu d e m e c h a n ic s who r e p a ir c u s to m e r s ' v e h ic le s in au tom ob ile

In s ta lls o r r e p a ir s w a te r , ste a m , g a s , o r o th e r ty p e s o f p ip e and p ip e fittin g s in an e s t a b lis h ­
m en t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : L a y in g out o f w o r k and m e a s u r in g to lo c a te p o s itio n o f
p ip e fr o m d raw in gs o r o th er w ritte n s p e c ific a t io n s ; cu ttin g v a r io u s s iz e s o f p ip e to c o r r e c t len gth s
w ith c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e to r c h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a c h in e s ; th re a d in g p ip e w ith sto ck s and
d ie s ; bending pipe by h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g pip e w ith co u p lin g s and
fa s te n in g pip e to h a n g e rs ; m aking stan d ard shop co m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f
pip e re q u ire d ; and m akin g stan d ard te s ts to d e te r m in e w h e th e r fin is h e d p ip es m e e t s p e c ific a tio n s . In
g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in ten an ce p ip e fit t e r r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly
a c q u ire d through a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
W o r k e r s p r im a r ily
e n g a g ed in in s ta llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g sa n ita tio n o r h ea tin g s y s te m s a re e x c lu d e d .
S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a irs m a c h in e ry o r m e c h a n ic a l equ ip m en t o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the
fo llo w in g :
E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l equ ipm en t to d ia g n o se s o u rc e o f tro u b le ; d is m a n tlin g
o r p a rtly d is m a n tlin g m a c h in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly in v o lv e the use o f h an d tools in
sc ra p in g and fittin g p a rts ; r e p la c in g b ro k en o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts w ith ite m s ob tain ed fr o m stock ; o r d e r in g
the produ ction o f a re p la c e m e n t p a rt by a m a ch in e shop o r sending o f the m a ch in e to a m a ch in e shop
fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s ; p re p a r in g w r itte n s p e c ific a tio n s fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r fo r the p rod u ction o f p a rts
o r d e r e d fr o m m a ch in e shops; re a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m ak in g a ll n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm en ts fo r
o p era tio n . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f a m a in ten a n ce m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s rounded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e
u su ally a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . E x clu d ed fr o m
th is c la s s ific a tio n a re w o r k e r s w h o se p r im a r y du ties in v o lv e settin g up o r adju sting m a ch in es.

M IL L W R IG H T
In s ta lls new m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m en t, and d is m a n tle s and in s ta lls m a c h in e s o r h eavy
equ ipm ent when ch an ges in the plant layou t a r e r e q u ire d .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
Planning and la y in g out o f the w o rk ; in te r p r e tin g b lu e p rin ts o r o th er s p e c ific a tio n s ; using a v a r ie t y o f
handtools and rig g in g ; m akin g stan d ard shop com p u tation s re la tin g to s t r e s s e s , s tre n g th o f m a t e r ia ls ,
and c e n te rs o f g r a v it y ; alig n in g and b a la n cin g o f equ ip m en t; s e le c tin g .sta n d a rd to o ls , e q u ip m en t, and
p a rts to be used; and in s ta llin g and m a in ta in in g in g ood o r d e r p o w e r tra n s m is s io n equ ip m en t such as
d r iv e s and sp eed r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t 's w o rk n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rou nded tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e in the tr a d e a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

F a b r ic a t e s , in s ta lls , and m a in ta in s in g o o d r e p a ir the s h e e t - m e t a l eq u ip m en t and fix t u r e s (such
as m a ch in e gu ard s, g r e a s e pans, s h e lv e s , l o c k e r s , ta n k s, v e n t ila t o r s , c h u tes, du cts, m e t a l r o o fin g )
o f an e s ta b lish m en t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : P la n n in g and la y in g out a ll ty p e s o f s h e e tm e ta l m a in ten an ce w o rk fr o m b lu e p rin ts , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c ific a t io n s ; s e ttin g up and o p e ra tin g a ll
a v a ila b le typ es o f s h e e t-m e ta l w o rk in g m a c h in e s ; using a v a r ie t y o f h an d tools in cu ttin g , b en d in g,
fo r m in g , shaping, fittin g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s ta llin g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t ic le s as r e q u ir e d . In g e n e r a l,
the w o rk o f the m a in ten an ce s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s rou nded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally
a c q u ire d through a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
T O O L A N D DIE M A K E R
C o n stru cts and r e p a ir s ji g s , fix t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o ls , g a u g e s , o r m e ta l d ie s o r m o ld s u sed in
shaping o r fo rm in g m e ta l o r n o n - m e ta llic m a t e r ia l (e . g . , p la s t ic , p la s t e r , ru b b e r, g la s s ).
W o rk
ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s : Plan n in g and la y in g out w o r k a c c o rd in g to m o d e ls , b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , o r o th e r
w ritte n o r o r a l s p e c ific a tio n s ; u n derstan din g the w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s o f co m m o n m e ta ls and a llo y s ;
s e le c tin g a p p ro p ria te m a t e r ia ls , to o ls , and p r o c e s s e s r e q u ir e d to c o m p le te ta sk ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
shop com pu tation; settin g up and o p e ra tin g v a r io u s m a ch in e t o o ls and r e la te d eq u ip m en t; usin g v a r io u s
t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's handtools and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; w o r k in g to v e r y c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ;
h e a t-tr e a tin g m e ta l p a rts and fin is h e d t o o ls and d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a litie s ; fittin g and
a s s e m b lin g p arts to p r e s c r ib e d t o le r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l, t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's w o rk
r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ire d th ro u g h fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r eq u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s tr y w a ge study p u r p o s e s , th is c la s s ific a t io n d o e s not in c lu d e t o o l and die
m a k e r s w ho (1) a re e m p lo y e d in to o l and d ie jo b b in g shops o r (2 ) p ro d u ce fo r g in g d ie s (d ie s in k e r s ).

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
GUARD AND W A TC H M E N

L A B O R E R , M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

G u a rd .
P e r f o r m s ro u tin e p o lic e d u ties, e it h e r at fix e d p o st o r on to u r , m a in ta in in g o r d e r ,
using, a rm s o r fo r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
In clu d es gu a rd s who a re sta tion ed at g a te and ch eck on
id en tity o f e m p lo y e e s and o th er p e rs o n s e n t e r in g .

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a re h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu rin g p la n t, s t o r e , o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t w h ose
d u ties in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : L o a d in g and u n loadin g v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and m e rc h a n d is e
on o r fr o m fr e ig h t c a r s , tru c k s , o r o th e r t r a n s p o r tin g d e v ic e s ; u npacking, s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e rc h a n d is e in p r o p e r s to r a g e lo c a tio n ; and tr a n s p o r tin g m a t e r ia ls o r m e rc h a n d is e by
h an dtru ck, c a r, o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o re w o r k e r s , who lo a d and unload sh ips a r e e x c lu d e d .

W atch m an .
and ille g a l en try .

M a k es

rounds o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p r o te c tin g p r o p e r ty a ga in st f i r e , th e ft,

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R

C lea n s and k eep s in an o r d e r ly con d ition fa c t o r y w o rk in g a re a s and w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m is e s
o f an o ffic e , ap a rtm en t h ou se, o r c o m m e r c ia l o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t. D u ties in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n of
the fo llo w in g : S w eep in g, m oppin g o r s cru b b in g , and p o lis h in g f lo o r s ; r e m o v in g c h ip s, tr a s h , and o th e r
re fu s e ; dusting equ ip m en t, fu r n itu r e , o r fix tu r e s ; p o lis h in g m e ta l fix tu r e s o r t r im m in g s ; p ro v id in g
su p p lies and m in o r m a in ten a n ce s e r v ic e s ; and c le a n in g la v a t o r ie s , s h o w e rs , and r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s
who s p e c ia liz e in w in dow w ashing a r e e x c lu d e d .




O R D E R F IL L E R
F ills shipping o r t r a n s fe r o r d e r s fo r fin is h e d g o o d s f r o m s to r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o rd a n c e
w ith s p e c ific a tio n s on s a le s s lip s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s tr u c tio n s .
M a y , in a d d ition to
fillin g o r d e r s and in d ica tin g ite m s f i l l e d o r o m itte d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f ou tgoin g o r d e r s , re q u is itio n
a d d itio n a l stock o r r e p o r t sh ort su p p lies to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r f o r m o th e r r e la t e d d u ties.
P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p rod u cts fo r sh ip m en t o r s to r a g e by p la c in g th e m in sh ippin g c o n ta in e r s ,
the s p e c ific o p e ra tio n s p e r fo r m e d b ein g dependent upon the ty p e , s iz e , and n u m b er o f units to be
p a ck ed , the typ e o f c o n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , and m eth o d o f sh ip m en t. W o rk r e q u ir e s the p la c in g o f ite m s
in sh ippin g co n ta in ers and m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the f o llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f v a r io u s ite m s o f

stock in order to verily content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing and
sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make
wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible for incoming shipments
of merchandise or other m aterials. Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures,
practices, routes, available means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping
records. May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves:
Verifying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices,
or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchandise or
materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary records and files.
F or wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport materials, merchandise, equipment,
or workers between various types of establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots,
warehouses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and customers'
houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor
mechanical repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Sales-route and over-the-road drivers
are excluded.




follows:

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and type of equipment, as
(Tractor-trailer should be rated on the basis of tra iler capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under l*/i tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( l l/j to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, tra iler type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than tra iler type)

TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered truck or tractor to transport
goods and materials of all kinds about a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WAREHOUSEMAN
As directed, performs a variety of warehousing duties which require an understanding of
the establishment's storage plan. Work involves most of the following: Verifying materials (or
merchandise) against receiving documents, noting and reporting discrepancies and obvious damages;
routing materials to prescribed storage locations; storing, stacking, or palletizing materials in
accordance with prescribed storage methods; rearranging and taking inventory of stored materials;
examining stored materials and reporting deterioration and damage; removing material from storage
and preparing it for shipment. May operate hand or power trucks in performing warehousing duties.
Exclude workers whose primary duties involve shipping and receiving work (see shipping and
receiving clerk and packer, shipping), order filling (see order fille r), or operating power trucks (see
trucker, power).

Available On Request—
The following areas are surveyed periodically for use in administering the Service Contract Act of 1965.
any of the BLS regional offices shown on the back cover.
Alaska
Albany, Ga.
Albuquerque, N. Mex,
Alexandria, La.
Alpena, Standish, and Tawas City, Mich.
Ann Arbor, Mich.
Asheville, N.C.
Atlantic City, N.J.
Augusta, Ga.—
S.C.
Bakersfield, Calif.
Baton Rouge, La.
Battle Creek, Mich.
Beaumont—
Port Arthuiv-Orange, Tex.
Biloxi—
Gulfport and Pascagoula, Miss.
Boise City, Idaho
Bremerton, Wash.
Bridgeport, Norwalk, and Stamford, Conn.
Brunswick, Ga.
Burlington, Vt.— Y.
N.
Cape Cod, Mass.
Cedar Rapids, Iowa
Champaign—
Urbana—
Rantoul, 111.
Charleston, S.C.
Charlotte—
Gastonia, N.C.
Cheyenne, Wyo.
Clarksville—
Hopkinsville, Tenn.—
Ky.
Colorado Springs, Colo.
Columbia, S.C.
Columbus, Ga.—
Ala.
Columbus, Miss.
Crane, Ind.
Decatur, 111
.
Des Moines, Iowa
Dothan, Ala.
Duluth—
Superior, Minn.—
Wis.
El Paso, Tex., and Alamogordo—
Las Cruces, N. Mex.
Eugene—
Springfield, Oreg.
Fayetteville, N.C.
Fitchburg—
Leominster, Mass.
Fort Smith, Ark.—
Okla.
Fort Wayne, Ind.
Frederick—
Hagerstown, Md.—
Chambersburg, Pa.—
Martinsburg, W. Va.
Gadsden and Anniston, Ala.
Goldsboro, N.C.
Grand Island—
Hastings, Nebr.
Great Falls, Mont.
Guam, T erritory of
Harrisburg—
Lebanon, Pa.
Huntington—
Ashland, W. Va.—
Ky.—
Ohio
Knoxville, Tenn.
La Crosse, Wis.
Laredo, Tex.
Las Vegas, Nev.
Lawton, Okla.
Lima, Ohio
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark.

Copies of public releases are or w ill be available at no cost while supplies last from

Logansport—
Peru, Ind.
Lorain—
Elyria, Ohio
Lower Eastern Shore, Md.—
Va.—
Del.
Lynchburg, Va.
Macon, Ga.
Madison, Wis.
Mansfield, Ohio
Marquette, Escanaba, Sault Ste. Marie, Mich.
McAllen—
Pharr—
Edinburg and Brownsville—
Harlingen—
San Benito, Tex.
Medford—
Klamath Falls—
Grants Pass, Oreg.
Meridian, Miss.
Middlesex, Monmouth, and Ocean Cos., N.J.
Mobile and Pensacola, Ala.—
Fla.
Montgomery, Ala.
Nashville—
Davidson, Tenn.
New Bern—
Jacksonville, N.C.
New London—
Norwich, Conn.—
R.I.
North Dakota, State of
Orlando, Fla.
Oxnard—
Simi Valley—
Ventura, Calif.
Panama City, Fla.
Parkersburg—
Marietta, W. Va.—
Ohio
Peoria, 111.
Phoenix, A riz.
Pine Bluff, Ark.
Pocatello—
Idaho Falls, Idaho
Portsmouth, N.H.—
Maine—
Mass.
Pueblo, Colo.
Puerto Rico
Reno, Nev.
Richland—
Kennewick—
Walla Walla—
Pendleton, Wash.—
Oreg.
Riverside—
San Bernardino—
Ontario, Calif.
Salina, Kans.
Salinas—
Seaside—
Monterey, Calif.
Sandusky, Ohio
Santa Barbara—
Santa Maria—
Lompoc, Calif.
Savannah, Ga.
Selma, Ala.
Sherman—
Denison, Tex.
Shreveport, La.
Sioux Falls, S. Dak.
Spokane, Wash.
Springfield, 111
.
Springfield—
Chicopee—
Holyoke, Mass.—
Conn.
Stockton, Calif.
Tacoma, Wash.
Tampar-St. Petersburg, Fla.
Topeka, Kans.
Tucson, Ariz.
Tulsa, Okla.
Vallejo-Fairfield—
Napa, Calif.
Waco and Killeen—
Temple, Tex.
Waterloo—
Cedar Falls, Iowa
West Texas Plains
Wilmington, Del.—
N.J.—
Md.

An annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, chief accountants, attorneys, job analysts, directors of personnel, buyers, chemists, engineers, engineering technicians, drafters, and
clerical employees is available. Order as BLS Bulletin 1837, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Technical, and C lerical Pay, March 1974, $1.40 a copy, from any of the BLS regional sales
offices shown on the back cover, or from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402.




Area Wage Surveys
A lis t o f the la test available bulletins o r bulletin supplements is presented below. A d ire c to ry o f area w age studies including m o re lim ited studies conducted at the request of the Employment
Standards A dm in istration o f the Departm ent o f Labor is available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from any of the BLS region a l o ffices shown on the back co ver. Bulletin supplements m ay be
obtained without cost, w here indicated, fro m BLS regional o ffices .
A re a

Bulletin number
and p rice*

Akron, Ohio, D ec. 1974 _________________ _____________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
A lban y-S ch en ectady-Troy, N .Y ., Sept.1974 _________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
Albuquerque, N. M ex., M a r. 1974 2 __________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
Allen tow n-B ethlehem -E aston , Pa.—N.J., M ay 1974 2 ________________________________ Suppl.
F re e
Anaheim -Santa Ana-G arden G ro ve, C a lif., Oct. 1 9 7 4 *____________________________ 1850-9, 85 cents
Atlanta, G a „ M ay 197 5*______________________________________________________________ 1850-25, $1.00
Austin, T e x ., D ec. 1974 ______________________________________________________________ Suppl.
Free
B a ltim o re, Md., Aug. 1974____________________________________________________________Suppl.
Free
B eau m on t-Port Arthur— range, T e x ., M ay 19742 ___________________________________ Suppl.
O
Free
B illin g s , M ont., July 1975___ ,_____ ___________________________________________________ 1850-46, 65 cents
Binghamton, N.Y<— a ., July 1975__________ _____________ ____ ________________ _
P
1850-50, 65 cents
Birm ingham , A la ., M a r. 1975__________________________ ___________________________ _ Suppl.
Free
Boston, M ass., Aug. 1974 ___________________________________________ _________________ Suppl.
F ree
Buffalo, N .Y ., Oct. 1974 ______________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F re e
Canton, Ohio, M ay 197 5 ____
. ______ _________ _______ _____________ _____________ Suppl.
Free
Charleston, W . V a ., M a r. 1974 2 _____________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
C h arlotte, N .C ., Jan. 1974 2 __________________ ______________ ______________ ________ Suppl.
F ree
Chattanooga, Tenn.—
Ga., Sept. 1974_________________ _____________________ ________ Suppl.
F ree
Chicago, 111., M ay 1975 ____________________________________________ ___________________ 1850-33, 85 cents
Cincinnati, Ohio— y,—
K
Ind., F eb. 1975 ________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1974* _______ ___ ___________________ ________________ _
1850-17, $1.00
Free
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1974 _____________________ .. __________________________________ Suppl.
Corpus C h ris ti, T ex ., July 1975_____________ _______________________________________ 1850-37, 65 cents
D allas— o r t W orth, T e x ., Oct. 1974 _________________________________________________Suppl.
F
F ree
D aven port-R ock Island— oline, Io w a -Ill., F e b . 1975 _____________________________ Suppl.
M
Free
Dayton, Ohio. D ec. 1974*______________________________________________________________ 1850-14, 80 cents
Daytona Beach, F la ., Aug. 1975______________________________________________________ 1850-47, 65 cents
Denver—
Bou lder, C olo., D ec. 1 9 7 4 *__________________________________________________ 1850-15, 85 cents
Des M oines, Iowa, May 19742 _______________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
D etro it, M ich ., M a r. 1975_____________________________________________________________ 1850-22, 85 cents
F o r t Lau derdale—
Hollywood and W est P a lm BeachB oca Raton, F la ., A p r. 1975 * _____ ________ _______ _____ _____ ______________ ___ 1850-26, 80 cents
F resn o, C a lif.1 3 ______________________________________________________________________
G a in e sville, F la ., Sept. 1 9 7 4 * ________________________________________________________ 1850-11, 75 cents
G reen Bay, W is ., July 19751 _____________________________________________ _______ ____ 1850-44, 80 cents
G reen sboro-W in ston -S alem -H igh Point, N .C ., Aug. 1975__________________________ 1850-49, 65 cents
G re e n v ille , S.C ., June 1975___________ ________ _____________________ _______ ______ 1850-42, 65 cents
H a rtfo rd , Conn., M a r. 1 97 5*_________________________________ . . . . _________________ __ 1850-28, 80 cents
Houston, T e x ., A p r. 1975______________________________________________________________Suppl.
F ree
H untsville, A la ., F eb. 1975 ___________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1974 ___________________________ __________ __ ____________ ____Suppl.
F ree
Jackson, M is s ., Feb. 1975__________________________________________ __________________ Suppl.
F ree
J a ckson ville, F la ., Dec. 1974 ________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
Kansas C ity, Mo<-Kans., Sept. 1974 _________________________________________________Suppl.
F ree
L aw ren ce— a verh ill, M a ss,— .H ., June1974 2 ______________________________________ Suppl.
H
N
F ree
L ex in gton -F a yette, K y ., N ov. 1974 _______________________________________________ __ Suppl.
F ree
Lois A ngeles—Long Beach, C a lif., Oct. 1974 _________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
L o u is v ille , K y .—
Ind., N ov. 1 97 4*_____________________________________________________ 1850-12, 80 cents
Lubbock, T e x ., M a r. 19742 ___________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
M elbourne— itu sville-C o c o a , F la ., Aug. 19741 ____________________________________ 1850-5, 75 cents
T
M em phis, Tenn,— rk.— is s ., N ov. 1974 _______________________________________
A
M
. Suppl.
F ree
M iam i, F la ., Oct. 1974 _________ _____________________________________________________Suppl.
F ree
*
1
2
j

Price* are determined by the Government Printing O ffic e and are subject to change.
Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
No longer surveyed,
T o be surveyed.




A re a

Bulletin number
and price*

Midland and Odessa, Tex., Jan. 19742 ____________________________________________ Suppl.
Free
Milwaukee, Wis., Apr. 19751______________________________________________________ 1850-21, 85 cents
Minneapolis— Paul, Minn,— is., Jan 1975*_____________________________________ 1850-20, $1.05
St.
W
Muskegon-Muskegon Heights, Mich., June 1974 2 _________________________________ Suppl.
Free
Nassau—
Suffolk, N.Y., June 1975* ____ ____________________________________________ 1850-39, $1.00
Newark, N.J., Jan. 1975*____________________________ _____________________________ 1850-18, $1.00
Newark and Jersey City, N.J., Jan. 19742 ________________________________________ Suppl.
Free
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 19742 _____________ _________________ _____________________Suppl.
Free
New Orleans, La., Jan. 1975 _____________________________________________________ Suppl.
Free
New York, N .Y ^ N .J ., May 1975* ___ _________ ___________________________________ 1850-45, $1.00
Suffolk, N.Y., Apr. 1974 2 ______________________ __________Suppl.
Free
New York and Nassau—
Norfolk—
Virginia Beach—
Portsmouth, Va,—
N.C., May 197 5 _ ___ _________________ 1850-29, 65 cents
_
Norfolk—
Virginia Beach-Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va.-N.C., May 1975 ___________________________________________________ 1850-30, 65 cents
Northeast Pennsylvania, Aug. 1 9 7 4 '_______________________ ___________________ _ 1850-8, 80 cents
_
Oklahoma City, Okla., Aug. 19741 ________________________________________________ 1850-7, 80 cents
Omaha, Nebr^Iowa, Oct. 19741 ___________________________________________________ 1850-10, 80 cents
Paterson-Clifton—
Passaic, N.J., June 1975*________ _____ ____ ___________________ 1850-38. 80 cents
Philadelphia, Pa^N .J., Nov. 1974 ________________________________________________ Suppl.
Free
Phoenix, A riz., June 19742 _______________________________________________________ Suppl.
Free
Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 1975 ______________ _________________
.. - ..._________ Suppl.
Free
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1974____________________
_________ ____________________ Suppl.
Free
Portland, Oreg^Wash., May 1975 ________________________________________________ 1850-40, 75 cents
Poughkeepsie, N .Y .1 3_____________________________________________________________
Poughkeepsie-Kingston-Newburgh, N.Y., June 1974 ______________________________ Suppl.
Free
Providence-Warwick-Pawtucket, R.1,-Mass., June 1975 _________________________ 1850-27, 75 cents
Raleigh-Durham, N.C., Feb. 1975 ________________________________________________ Suppl.
Free
Richmond, Va., June 1975 ________________________________________________________ 1850-41, 65 cents
Free
Rockford, 111., June 19742 ________________________________________________________ Suppl.
St. Louis, M o,—
111., Mar. 1975 __________________________________________ __________Suppl.
Free
Sacramento, Calif., Dec. 1974* ___________________________________________________ 1850-19, 80 cents
Saginaw, Mich., Nov. 1974*________________________________________________________ 1850-16, 75 (cents
Salt Lake City—
Ogden, Utah, Nov. 1974 _______ ____________________ __________
, Suppl.
Free
San Antonio, Tex., May 1975 ______________________________________________________ 1850-23, 65 cents
San Diego, Calif., Nov. 19741 _____________________________________________________ 1850-13, 80 cents
San Francisco-Oakland, Calif., Mar. 19751 ______________________________________ 1850-35, $1.00
San Jose, Calif., Mar. 1975*_______
.
. . . .
__ 1850-36, 85 cents
Savannah, Ga., May 19742 ________________________________________________________ Suppl.
Free
Seattle-Everett, Wash., Jan. 197 5
___ . . ___ ...___ ______________ Suppl.
Free
South Bend, Ind., Mar. 1975 ___________ __________________ ________________________ Suppl.
Free
Spokane, Wash., June 19742 ......................................................... ..........
Suppl.
Free
Syracuse, N.Y., July 1975 ___ , . __________________________________________________ 1850-43, 65 cents
.
Toledo, Ohio-Mich., May 1975*___________________________________________________ 1850-34, 80 cents
Free
Trenton, N.J., Sept. 1974 _________________________________________________________ Suppl.
Utica-Rome, N.Y., July 19751_____________________________________________________ 1850-48, 80 cents
Washington, D .C ^M d^Va., Mar. 1975*___________________________________________ 1850-31, $1.00
Waterbury, Conn., Mar. 1974 2 ____________________________________________________Suppl.
Free
Westchester County, N .Y .1 3 _______________________________________ ______________
Wichita, Kans., Apr. 1975_________________________________________________________ Suppl.
Free
Worcester, Mass., May 19751 ____________________________________________________ 1850-32, 80 cents
York, Pa., Feb. 19751 ____________________________________________________________ Suppl.
Free
Youngstown-Warren, Ohio, Nov. 1973 2 _________________ _
Suppl.
Free

THIRD CLASS MAIL
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
POSTAGE AND FEES PAID

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20212

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

OFFICIAL BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE $300

LAB - 441

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T I S T I C S R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S
R e gion I

R e gion II

1603 J F K F e d e ra l B u ild in g
G o v e rn m e n t C e n te r
B o sto n , Mass. 0 2 2 0 3
P h o n e :2 23-6 76 1 (A re a C o de 6 1 7)

S u ite 34 0 0
15 1 5 B ro a d w a y
N e w Y o rk , N .Y . 100 3 6
P h o n e :9 7 1 - 5 4 0 5 (A re a C o d e 2 1 2 )

C o n n e c tic u t
M ain e
M assachusetts
N e w H a m p s h ire
R h o d e Is la n d
V e rm o n t

N e w Jersey
N ew Y o rk
P u e rto R ic o
V ir g in Islands

R e gion V
9 t h F lo o r, 2 30 S. D e a rb o rn St.
C h icago , III. 606 04
P h o n e :3 5 3 -1 8 8 0 (A re a C o d e 3 1 2 )
Illin o is
In d ia n a
M ic h ig a n
M in n e s o ta
O io
forhFRASER
W iscon sin

Digitized


R e g io n V I

R e g io n I II

R e g io n IV

P.O. B o x 13 309
P h ila d e lp h ia , Pa. 1910 1
P h o n e : 5 9 6 1 1 5 4 (A re a C o d e 2 1 5 )
D e la w a re
D is tr ic t o f C o lu m b ia
M a ry la n d
P e n n sylva n ia
V irg in ia
W est V irg in ia

R e gions V I I a n a V I I I

S e cond F lo o r
5 5 5 G r i f f in S q uare B u ild in g
D allas, T e x . 752 02
P h o n e : 749 -35 1 6 (A re a C o d e 2 1 4 )

F ed era l O ff ic e B u ild in g
911 W a ln u t S t., 15 th F lo o r
Kansas C ity , M o . 6 4 1 0 6
P h o n e :3 7 4 -2 4 8 1 (A re a C o de 8 1 6 )

L o u is ia n a
le w M e x ic o
O k la h o m a
T exas

V II
Io w a
Kansas
M is s o u ri
N ebraska

V III
C o lo ra d o
M o n ta n a
N o rth D a k o ta
S o u th D a k o ta
U ta h
W y o m in g

S u ite 540
1371 Peachtree St. N .E.
A tla n ta , Ga. 30309
P h o n e :5 2 6 -5 4 1 8 (A re a C ode 4 0 4 )
A labam a
F lo rid a
G eorgia
K e n tu c k y
M ississippi
N o rth C a ro lin a
S o u th C a ro lin a
T ennessee
Regions IX a n d X
4 5 0 G o ld e n G ate Ave.
B o x 3 60 17
San F ran c is c o , C a lif. 9 4 1 0 2
P h o n e :5 5 6 -4 6 7 8 (A re a C o de 41 5 )
IX
A riz o n a
C a lifo rn ia
H a w aii
Nevada

X
A laska
Id a h o
O reg on
W a s h in g to n


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