The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.
AREA WAGE SURVEY Greensboro—Winston-Salem—High Point, North Carolina, Metropolitan Area, August 1975 Bulletin 1850-49 > U S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR _ Bureau of Labor Statistics Preface This bulletin provides results of an August 1975 survey of occupational earnings in the Greensboro— Winston-Salem-High Point, North Carolina, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area (Davidson, Forsyth, Guilford, Randolph, Stokes, and Yadkin Counties). The survey was made as part of the Bureau of Labor Statistics* annual area wage survey program. The program is designed to yield data for individual metropolitan areas, as well as national and regional estimates for all Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas in the United States, excluding Alaska and Hawaii. A major consideration in the area wage survey program is the need to describe the level and movement of wages in a variety of labor markets, through the analysis of (1) the level and distribution of wages by occupation, and (2) the movement of wages by occupational category and skill level. The program develops information that may be used for many purposes, including wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and assistance in determining plant location. Survey results also are used by the U.S. Department of Labor to make wage determinations under the Service Contract Act of 1965. Currently, 83 areas are included in the program. (See list of areas on inside back cover.) In each area, occupational earnings data are collected annually. Information on establishment practices and supplementary wage benefits is obtained every third year. Each year after all individual area wage surveys have been completed, two summary bulletins are issued. The first brings together data for each metropolitan area surveyed. The second summary bulletin presents national and regional estimates, projected from individual metropolitan area data. The Greensboro— Winston-Salem— High Point survey was conducted by the Bureau's regional office in Atlanta, Ga„ under the general direction of Donald M. Cruse, Associate Assistant Regional Director for Operations. The survey could not have been accomplished without the cooperation of the many firms whose wage and salary data provided the basis for the statistical information in this bulletin. The Bureau wishes to express sincere appre ciation for the cooperation received. Note: Reports on occupational earnings and supplementary wage p r o v i s i o n s in the Greensboro— Winston-Salem— High Point area are also available for children's seamless and other hosiery (September 1973), men's seamless hosiery (September 1973), and women's full or knee-length hosiery (September 1973) industries. AREA WAGE SURVEY Bulletin 1 8 5 0 -4 9 November 1975 V U.S. D E P A R T M E N T OF LA B O R , John T . Dunlop, Secretary BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS, Julius Shiskin, Commissioner Greensboro—Winston-Salem—High Point, North Carolina, Metropolitan Area, August 1975 CONTENTS Page Introduction_____________________________________________________________________________ 2 Tables: A. Earnings: A -1. Weekly earnings of office workers____________________________________________________________________________________ A -2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical w orkers_____________________________________________________________ A - 3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex__________________________________ A -4. Hourly earnings of maintenance and power plant w orkers____________________________________________________________ A -5. Hourly earnings of custodial and material movement w orkers______________________________________________________ A -6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant, custodial, and material movement workers, by sex_______ A -7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected occupational groups, adjusted foremployment shifts.. 3 5 6 7 8 9 10 Appendix A. Scope and method of survey__________________________________________________________________________________________ Appendix B, Occupational descriptions____________________________________________________________________________________________ 1 1 13 For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. 20402, GPO Bookstores, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover. Price ob cents. Make checks payable to Superintendent of Documents. Introduction and material movement. In the 31 largest survey areas, tables A - l a through A-6a provide similar data for establishments employing 500 workers or more. This area is 1 of 83 in which the U.S. Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings and related benefits on an areawide basis. In this area, data were ob tained by a combination of personal visit, mail questionnaire, and telephone interview. Representative establishments within six broad industry divisions were contacted: Manufacturing; transportation, com munication, and other other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major industry groups excluded from these studies are government operations and the construction and extractive industries. Establishments having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are omitted because of insufficient employment in the occupations studied. Separate tabulations are provided for each of the broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria. Following the occupational wage tables is table A -7 which provides percent changes in average earnings of office clerical work ers, electronic data processing workers, industrial nurses, skilled maintenance workers, and unskilled plant workers. This measure of wage trends eliminates changes in average earnings caused by employ ment shifts among establishments as well as turnover of establishments included in survey samples. Where possible, data are presented for all industries, manufacturing, and nonmanufacturing. Appendix A discusses this wage trend measure. A -series tables Appendixes Tables A - 1 through A-6 provide estimates of straight-time hourly or weekly earnings for workers in occupations common to a variety of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupations were selected from the following categories: (a) Office clerical, (b) pro fessional and technical, (c) maintenance and powerplant, and (d) custodial This bulletin has two appendixes. Appendix A describes the methods and concepts used in the area wage survey program and provides information on the scope of the survey. Appendix B provides job descriptions used by Bureau field economists to classify workers in occupations for which straight-time earnings information is presented. A. Earnings W eekly earnings 1 (standard) Number of O ccu p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n Average weekly hours1 standard) N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f— S S 80 M e ,li Median * Middle ranged 90 100 S $ S S 3 110 160 120 130 140 150 170 180 190 200 210 no 120 170 180 190 200 210 220 230 1 S S 220 230 s S s 270 280 240 250 260 240 250 260 270 280 3 1 2 2 1 1 - and u n der 90 and lo o 130 140 150 160 over ALL WORKERS $ $ $ $ 154.50 156.00 152.00-163.00 BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS, 96 8 39 BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS. 51 CLERKS, ACCOUNTING. CLASS A ------ _______ MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------ ------ 349 261 88 39.5 160.00 149.50 130.00-185.00 39.5 157.50 142.00 127.50-185.00 39.0 167.50 150.00 144.00-180.00 - - 2 2 - 16 15 1 63 60 3 65 47 18 33 19 14 15 5 10 10 6 4 31 30 1 41 22 19 16 13 3 17 14 3 16 11 5 11 10 1 4 1 3 2 2 - CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ---MANUFACTURING -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S --------------- 645 416 229 31 39.0 130.50 39.0 128.00 39.0 135.00 40.0 166.00 110 .50-14 1.00 109.50-140.00 115 .00-14 3.50 115 .00-21 5.00 . - 78 78 - 42 28 14 - 152 95 57 9 129 69 60 - 76 40 36 9 33 20 13 - 25 3 22 - 30 30 - 24 15 9 - 24 22 2 - 9 6 3 - 5 5 8 2 6 6 6 3 3 3 1 2 1 1 2 2 32 32 17 150 116 PURI IC IJTII IT I F S ---------------------- 38.5 151 124.00 122.00 127.00 130.00 38.5 34 125.00 30 39.5 144.50 133.00 115.00-179.00 39.5 135.00 129.00 110.00-143.00 39.5 169.50 154.50 146 .00-20 4.00 206 71 135 39.0 159.00 153.50 132 .50-18 6.50 39.0 152.50 153.00 129 .00-16 3.50 39.0 163.00 180.00 132.50-189.50 604 387 217 52 MESSENGERS ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------ KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ---- _ MANUFACTURING -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------ __ 7 7 - 20 20 * _ 30 28 2 26 20 6 27 9 18 3 1 2 19 18 1 10 7 3 7 2 5 19 9 10 8 i 7 2 5 1 2 5 1 - - - 20 13 12 1 14 13 1 3 3 38 4 34 27 3 24 7 1 6 6 3 3 1 20 33 13 20 1 - - - - - - 22 15 7 7 38 6 5 - - - - - - - - - _ 1 1 60 43 17 3 43 13 30 20 22 10 12 4 26 20 6 2 13 12 1 5 4 1 1 1 1 4 4 12 7 5 7 6 1 7 6 4 3 1 lb 7 4 3 3 15 14 1 5 5 i “ - - - - 39.0 126.00 121.00 112.50-132.00 39.0 12 4 .SO 121.00 39.0 128.00 121.00 114.00-132.00 39.0 152.00 160.00 125.00-173.50 3 3 13 81 162 179 56 23 - - 60 9 28 - 61 9 5 4 101 55 46 38.5 116.50 109.50 101.00-129.00 99.0 0 -1 3 9 .5 0 39.0 120.50 118.00 38.0 112.00 109.50 102.50-119.50 3 2 1 20 13 10 9 1 10 4 6 8 5 3 10 8 2 4 4 7 33 8 25 SECRETARIES -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S --------------- 1,512 636 676 181 39.0 160.00 150.00 132.50-178.00 39.0 162.00 154.00 133 .00-18 4.00 39.0 158.00 149.50 130.00-171.00 40.0 165.50 150.00 130.00-202.50 - 8 6 2 16 12 4 - - - 85 37 48 15 214 111 103 27 226 128 98 18 182 94 88 9 207 122 85 27 SECRETARIES, CLASS A ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------ 146 124 39.5 171.50 159.00 138 .00-19 6.50 39 .5 170.00 159.00 142.50-196.50 . - _ 12 3 - - 27 27 23 23 SECRETARIES, CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------ — 381 232 149 39.5 162.50 155.00 138.00-177.00 39.5 161.00 154.00 134.50-176.00 39.0 165.00 161.00 150.00-177.00 - - . - - - 18 18 - “ 49 30 19 34 29 5 SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------- — MANUFACTURING -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S --------------- 593 345 248 56 39.0 39.0 39.0 40.0 - 6 - 6 19 10 9 95 51 44 78 30 48 163.50 169.50 155.50 177.00 152.00 163.50 147.50 168.00 133.50-18 5.00 136 .00-20 0.00 132.50-167.00 150.00-222.50 - - • 50 * - ” 37 34 3 - 31 - - 34 21 13 - ----------------- - 2 20 20 - - PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S --------------- — 1 1 — 36 11 25 nonmanufacturing - 1 8 8 i KFYPUNCH OPFRATORS. CLASS d ---- ■ i 1 24 18 276 198 78 CLERKS, PAYROLL ------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------ 77 - 2 2 9 - 3q 8 8 1 1 - 8 13 7 6 5 5 5 . 1 - • • 1 122 47 75 26 82 56 26 52 32 20 6 68 46 22 6 57 31 26 13 25 25 5 5 7 6 6 3 16 15 8 3 _ 42 33 9 76 44 32 53 16 37 26 10 16 14 4 10 20 9 11 6 6 6 6 - - 64 29 35 74 34 40 18 51 23 28 7 41 32 9 28 24 4 3 22 20 2 22 19 3 2 *0 37 3 1 _ * - 6 10 9 i 1Q 4 1 1 11 10 1 1 1 - 5 4 1 * l 3 N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f— O ccu pation and in d u s try d iv is io n worken S Average weekly hours * (standard O C O Number Median * M iddle ranged and under 90 t % S 100 S 110 120 i ------ s 5 S 130 140 150 160 - - - - - - - 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 - 8 6 2 10 6 4 70 30 40 - - 87 42 45 18 53 9 44 9 32 19 13 - 36 6 30 6 13 3 10 9 . 4 - - - - - - 4 - 19 15 4 2 4 - 14 2 12 6 4 4 12 6 6 5 31 21 10 10 . 2 2 18 10 36 20 66 33 17 9 29 24 28 2 90 * S 170 180 S 190 $ S S S $ S S S 200 210 220 230 240 250 260 270 280 - - - - - - - - and 260 270 280 over - - 180 190 200 210 220 23o 260 250 8 8 10 2 8 5 21 3 18 11 14 14 7 3 - - - 14 2 3 • - • - 4 1 3 3 - - - - 102 48 54 54 25 19 6 6 9 3 6 5 7 3 4 3 1 1 1 1 1 - - - _ - - - - 17 9 31 26 45 42 73 68 35 31 6 5 5 4 2 2 7 6 1 - • - - - . . - ALL WORKERS— CONTINUEO SECRETARIES - CONTINUEO $ $ $ $ 148.50 138.00 1 2 5 .0 0 -1 5 7 .0 0 138.00 133.00 1 2 7 .0 0 -1 5 4 .0 0 154.50 143.50 125 .0 0 -1 9 0 .5 0 165.00 160.00 1 3 5 .0 0 -2 0 2 .5 0 SECRETARIES, CLASS D -----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------------- 390 135 255 69 39.0 39.0 3 8.5 39 .5 STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------------- 230 117 113 97 38 .5 158.50 163.50 39.0 158.00 163.00 38 .5 158.50 165.50 3 8 .5 163.00 167.00 STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------- 375 279 39.0 39.0 SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS -------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------- SB 36 52 SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------- 255 148 107 39.5 114.50 111.50 103 .5 0 -1 2 2 .0 0 39.5 110.50 108.00 103 .5 0 -1 1 2 .5 0 39.0 120.50 112.00 1 0 6 .0 0 -1 2 5 .0 0 - 155 52 103 38.0 122.50 40.0 125.50 3 7.5 121.00 112 .0 0 -1 3 4 .5 0 110 .0 0 -1 3 6 .0 0 112 .5 0 -1 2 6 .5 0 - TYPISTS, CLASS A ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------- 210 67 143 3 8.5 142.50 130.00 123 .0 0 -1 6 8 .5 0 3 8.5 165.00 170.00 159 .0 0 -1 7 5 .0 0 3 8.5 132.50 125.50 116 .0 0 -1 3 5 .5 0 - 1 - TYPISTS, CLASS B ---------------------------MANUFACTURING---- --------— — ----— NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------------- 411 126 285 171 39.0 39.5 39.0 40.0 119.00 1 0 9 .50-13 8.00 122.00 1 1 1 .00-15 8.00 116.00 109 .0 0 -1 3 7 .0 0 124.00 1 1 6 .0 0 -1 3 8 .0 0 - TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS, GENERAL ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------- \ See footn otes at end o f ta b le s . 152 .5 0 -1 6 8 .5 0 153 .0 0 -1 6 9 .0 0 145 .5 0 -1 6 8 .5 0 1 5 7 .5 0 -1 6 8 .5 0 155.00 164.50 1 2 5 .5 0 -1 8 2 .0 0 161.50 173.00 1 3 8 .0 0 -1 8 4 .5 0 40 .0 124.50 115.50 3 9.5 142.50 133.50 4 0 .5 112.00 97.00 126.50 132.00 124.00 131.00 122.00 136.00 120.00 9 7 .0 0 -1 4 4 .5 0 115 .5 0 -1 6 9 .0 0 9 6 .0 0 -1 2 0 .5 0 - 1 1 - 9 7 3 1 5 4 1 * 15 14 1 18 22 38 8 30 30 12 18 35 4 31 43 5 38 36 27 9 4 1 8 1 7 31 4 27 40 32 3 1 3 4 40 31 10 8 2 6 23 14 9 74 8 66 103 24 79 * 7>U 33 78 28 50 41 1 1 1 - 1 1 - 1 4 35 27 8 73 48 25 67 45 1 2 - - 6 6 . 2 _ 18 “ 2 * “ 22 22 11 9 2 2 2 * 11 10 4 11 11 6 - 7 - - 1 - 1 - - 2 44 14 30 14 6 1 * 2 10 6 5 - 5 6 - - 5 4 10 5 28 3 “ - - * - • 1 1 1 - - - * - 1 - “ 1 . 1 - - * • * — 2 2 3 53 5 - 3 53 53 2 1 20 17 3 “ 10 1 - 3 15 1 14 14 _ 1 1 1 1 - - _ - _ - 2 _ - * 2 2 - - - - - - _ - . - - . • - * - - - - Weekly earnings 1 (stan dard) Occupation and industry division Number of workere Average weekly houre1 (standard] Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of---- M „„A Median 2 Middle range2 Under no S S i no 120 S s 140 130 S S 180 160 150 S $ S 260 240 220 200 S * 280 S 300 S 320 340 S S S S 36o 380 408 420 and under 120 1 --------- 4*0 and 130 200 180 240 140 150 * “ * 17 17 23 10 12 9 8 6 9 9 14 13 9 5 1 160 220 260 300 320 340 36(1 380 400 420 440 - - - - - - - - _ 29Q 1 1 - _ ALL WORKERS 93 69 $ $ $ $ 39.5 199.50 186.00 163 .50-23 7.50 39.5 201.50 192.00 161 .00-24 1.00 COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------ 213 116 97 COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS C MANUFACTURING ------------ ---NONMANUFACTURING -----------COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS. BUSINESS. CLASS A -----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------- COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING — COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS. BUSINESS. CLASS B ----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------- - * 39.5 164.00 161.00 149 .00-17 5.00 40.0 159.00 158.00 149 .00-17 3.00 39.5 171.00 163.50 150 .50-18 4.00 3 3 5 3 2 12 4 8 16 13 3 36 25 11 31 24 7 63 26 37 26 9 17 7 7 “ 5 1 4 7 7 56 26 30 40.0 153.00 133.50 124 .00-16 1.00 40.5 135.00 135.00 124 .00-14 7.50 39.0 168.00 133.50 123 .50-23 3.00 . - 9 6 3 16 7 9 4 4 12 12 “ 1 1 1 1 3 1 2 1 1 2 7 2 7 72 *0 39.5 248.00 266.50 175.50-28 6.50 39.0 290.50 275.50 2 7 o .00-317.50 _ _ 3 3 3 2 20 19 6 3 4 3 132 70 62 39.5 218.50 218.50 180.50-24 7.50 39.5 224.00 218.50 192 .50-23 8.50 39.0 212.50 208.00 165 .50-2T 4.50 - - ” 16 12 4 14 8 6 9 3 6 17 3 14 3 3 * 28 22 6 186.50 130 .00-21 1.00 - - 10 4 - _ • 14 * “ 14 2 1 1 COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS. BUSINESS. CLASS C — 33 39.0 COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS. BUSINESS. CLASS A ---------MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANUFACTURING -------- 92 42 50 39.5 343.00 344.00 3 2 2 .00-35 9.50 39.5 369.00 347.50 328 .00-40 6.50 39.5 321.50 344.00 2 7 8 .00-34 5.50 COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS. BUSINESS. CLASS B -----------MANUFACTURING --------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------- 147 74 73 39.0 289.00 286.00 2 5 8 .50-31 0.00 39.0 318.50 308.50 2 8 7 .50-35 5.00 39.0 259.00 266.00 2 2 1 .00-27 2.50 DRAFTERS, CLASS A MANUFACTURING 101 97 40.0 245.00 228.00 2 1 7 .00-28 1.50 39.5 246.50 239.50 2 1 7 .00-28 2.00 DRAFTERS. CLASS 8 MANUFACTURING - 90 71 40.0 205.50 201.50 1 87 .00-22 8.50 40.0 210.50 208.00 185.50-23 7.00 DRAFTERS. CLASS C MANUFACTURING - 136 120 39.5 155.50 145.50 126.00-16 7.50 40.0 153.00 14 0 .SO 126.00-16 2.00 ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING t PUBLIC UTILITIES — 414 155 39.5 227.00 228.00 188 .00-27 4.00 39.5 272.50 293.00 2 55 .00-29 3.00 ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS. CLASS BMANUFACTURING--------------------------NONMANUFACTURINGl PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------------NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) --MANUFACTURING --------------------------- 1 - - 178.00 _ - - 26 13 13 “ 9 - . 19 6 13 - 5 _ 12 12 1 4 . - - • * - • ‘ - 1 1 * - - • - - - - 2 4 4 - 24 20 4 25 1 24 7 6 1 • 2 8 8 * 2 2 3 8 5 3 10 10 5 4 1 5 5 - 3 2 1 2 2 . 20 13 7 25 20 5 21 21 6 6 - - - - - - - 15 89 89 5 5 - - - - - - - 10 10 5 5 * - - - - - - - * * _ - - - - * 7 6 40 39 8 7 6 5 13 13 - 1 - 1 - 13 12 30 15 ao 8 8 14 14 3 8 11 7 15 15 5 3 23 20 3 1 1 30 30 3 3 27 6 18 4 99 1 62 29 14 98 33 45 44 4 3 24 24 - 6 21 12 - - “ - 19 238 56 39.5 226.00 228.00 2 08 .00-24 7.50 38.5 244.00 255.00 242.50-26 7.00 — — * 3 18 4 60 * 23 3 98 “ 3 3 21 “ “ 28 182 40.0 220.50 228.00 208.00-22 8.00 - - - - - - 18 20 14 98 76 70 40.0 205.00 206.00 178.00-228.00 40.0 207.00 211.00 179.50-228.00 - - - 2 2 1 1 16 16 16 14 8 7 22 21 8 8 - _ 3 . 15 32 - - - - 3 _ - 28 6 22 * - - 1 1 - 13 7 6 * - - _ 3 3 15 “ * - 2 2 15 21 - 5 5 _ • 13 13 * _ - - - * _ 1 - " - 2 2 Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex. in Greensboro—Winston-Salem—High Point, N.C., August 1975 Average (mean2 ) Average (m ean 2 ) Sex, occupation, and industry division Number of w oiken OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - M EN 61 60 LLt-Kixo 9 AvLUUN 1IInoi LLA j j ** • 39 W ecklv houn * (standard) W eekly earnings1 (standard) Sex, occupation, and industry division Number of woiken Weekly hours 1 standard) Weekly earnings1 (standard) OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WM O EN— CONTINUED 190.50 39.5 191.50 SECRETARIES CONTINUED 39.0 157.00 39.5 161.00 504 40.0 177.00 39.0 138.00 38.5 157.00 39.5 165.00 NONMANUFACTURING: BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS, 96 /0 .0 n n 51 40.0 125.50 117 113 97 39.0 158.00 38.5 158.50 38.5 163.00 201 04 39 0 154 O ' 39.5 147.50 39.0 169.50 375 279 t. 82 36 53 38 39.0 87 345.00 37I *00 39.5 321*50 COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS, BUSINESS, CLASS Bl COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS, 46 39.0 155.00 39.0 161.50 39.5 126.00 39.5 142.50 40.0 BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS, , _„ _ COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS, uUb INbbb y LL A * * 39.0 168.50 135 240 69 rUbLlV U11L 1 1ALJ ” W eekly earnings 1 (standard) $ 56 SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------------ W eekly hours 1 standard) $ 232 nonmanufacturing : Sex, occupation, and industry division PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL OCCUPATIONS - M EN— CONTINUED SECRETARIESf CLASS B — — — — — TYPISTS, CLASS B* Average (m ean 2 ) Number of workers .r-r- * 606 397 39.0 129.00 39.5 127.00 10...00 151 38.5 101.50 SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS- 106 30 38.0 103.50 40.0 125.00 251 39.5 140.50 COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS, 296*00 39 • 0 319.50 262•50 89 384 39.5 114.50 110.50 39.0 120.50 ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS .00 IBB 71 255 146 107 155 52 103 38.0 122.50 125.50 37.5 121.00 39.0 162.00 39.0 152.50 206 67 38.5 143.00 38.5 165.00 40.0 205.00 TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS, 378 126 39.0 124 C50 A 138 39.0 124.00 39.5 132.00 120.00 126.50 NONMANUFACTURING: PUBLIC UTILITIES — — — — — — ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS, CLASS BNONMANUFACTURING: PUBLIC UTILITIES - — — ---- - 40.0 207.50 234 39.5 226.00 178 40.0 220.00 ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS. CLASS C: NONMANUFACTURING: 40.0 PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL OCCUPATIONS - W M O EN buLKLf AH1L J OCCUPATIONS - M EN I f 362 40.0 193.00 NONMANUrACTURING: 161 SECRETARIES, CLASS A ------------------ COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS A: 165.50 143 124 39.5 170.00 170.00 COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A ---------COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B: 48 42 64 39.5 211.50 COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B: 39.5 207.50 40.0 166.00 NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ---- 40.0 150.00 7D 40.0 205.50 207.00 ___________ NOTE: Earnings data in table A-3 relate only to workers whose sex identification was provided by the establishment. to all workers in an occupation. (See appendix A for publication criteria.) Earnings data in tables A - l and A-2, on the other hand, relate Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of— Hourly earnings N O ccupation and in d u stry d iv is io n X T i $ I ------ S 1 -------T ~ S 1 ------- S S S S S s S S 1 ------ 1 ----- ■5----$ 2.6 0 2.8 0 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.0 0 4.2 0 4.4 0 4 . 60 4 .80 5.00 5.20 5.4 0 5.6 0 5.80 6.00 6.20 6.60 7.00 7.40 l oi workers Mean2 Median2 Middle range 2 U nder 2 . 60 and under 2.80 3.00 3.20 3,40 ?,60 3.8Q 4.00 4.2 0 4.4 0 4.6 0 4 . 80 5 .00 $•20 5.40 5.6 0 5,8 0 6.0 0 6,20 6.60 7.00 7.40 7.80 ALL WORKERS $ $ $ $ CARPENTERS* MAINTENANCE -------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------- 97 87 4.6 9 4.5 9 3.91 3.91 3 .5 7 - 6.29 3 .5 7 - 6.29 ELECTRICIANS. MAINTENANCE --------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------- 282 272 5.6 5 5.6 4 5.1 7 5.0 8 ENGINEERS. STATIONARY ---------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------- 127 117 5.91 5.91 HELPERS. MAINTENANCE TRADES ----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------- 55 55 MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS. TOOLROOM — 6 6 6 6 13 12 16 16 11 11 . * _ * * 11 11 18 16 “ * 9 9 3 3 8 8 4 4 * 1 1 * - - - * * 3 3 * 6 6 1 1 - - 64 63 8 7 38 38 3 3 3 3 1 - - * 5 5 - * 2 - 4 3 1 - 11 11 - 12 12 4 4 1 1 « - 1 * 2 “ 3 “ - * 4 .4 8 - 6.56 4 .4 8 - 6.47 . . 6.2 9 6.2 9 5 .2 9 - 6.47 5 .2 9 - 6.47 * * - 4.6 3 4.6 3 4.6 6 4 .6 6 4 .3 2 - 5.46 4 .3 2 - 5.46 - “ 7 7 86 Sb 6.6 8 6.68 6.4 7 6 #47 6 .4 7 - 7.33 6.4 7 7.33 MECHANICS. AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE) ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------- r------ 648 76 572 563 5.26 4.0 9 5.42 5.41 4.5 5 4.1 3 4.7 5 4.7 5 4 .2 5 3 .8 2 4 .2 5 4 .2 5 - 7.10 4.3o 7 . lo 7.11 - • * 7 7 - 1 1 “ 20 2 18 18 29 2 27 27 42 15 27 27 58 29 29 29 no 2 108 108 73 13 60 MECHANICS. MAINTENANCE-----------------— MANUFACTURING ------------------------------- 559 543 5.8 3 5.83 6.2 9 6.29 5 .0 0 - 6.2 9 5 .0 0 - 6.29 - - - _ “ * * 4 4 21 21 1 1 2 2 10 10 36 36 PAINTERS. MAINTENANCE ---------------------- 59 5.1 7 5.2 5 4 .1 0 - 6.29 - - 6 - 1 - 5 2 2 - 1 * * 1 1 4 - 4 4 • - 1 1 69 69 7 3 25 24 33 33 - 2 - 2 1 58 58 3 - 14 14 12 12 19 19 _ _ - - - - - - - 9 - - - - 34 1 39 " 1 1 1 11 1 10 10 25 25 25 3 3 2 4 4 4 10 10 10 14 14 14 4 2 2 - 3 3 - 199 • 199 1?9 • - 60 34 2 32 29 27 27 34 34 - 13 - - - * 37 37 - 2 2 7 7 260 260 56 56 46 46 3 - - - 1 10 10 - - - - 16 1 5 - 51 51 42 42 15 See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s . - 22 22 1 - 59 59 - Table A-5. Hourly earnings of custodial and material movement workers in Greensboro— Winston-Salem—High Point, N.C., August 1975 Hourly earnings Occupation and industry division of w ers ork M 2 M ean edian2 M iddle ran 2 ge Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of— 3----- 3 ----- 3 ----- 3 ----- S "5----- 1 ----- i----- S S S S S S s S S r S S 3 ----- 3 ------ S— 2.00 2.20 2.Ao 2 .6 0 2 .8 0 3.00 3. 20 3 .Ao 3.60 3.8o A. 00 A .20 A.Ao A.60 A . 80 5.00 5.20 5 .A0 5, 60 6.00 6 .A0 6.80 7.2o and * * * “ * — — • and * under “ ~ " “ o ** M 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3. AO 3.60 3.80 © o 2.20 A, 20 A.AO *,6 9 A .80 5.00 5.20 5 .A0 5.60 6, 90 6 .A0 6.80 ALL W ORKERS GUARDS AND W ATCHM EN ------------MANUFACTURING -----------------GUARDS: MANUFACTURING ------------------watchmen: manufacturing 993 A15 $ 2.73 3.32 $ 2.30 2.96 $ $ 2.10 - 2.9A 2.60 - A .29 A ll 18 120 18 90 5A 9A 89 63 A8 35 35 28 27 - 22 21 7 • 3 * 10A A .02 3.63 3.00 - A .99 * ~ 3 9 15 10 5 “ 12 - * 9 9 A 3 65 65 23 20 9 6 1 • 3 * 2 * “ A 2 3 21 20 6 * “ “ ” • • • — * 311 3.09 2.70 2.50 - 3.2A 18 18 51 80 33 25 22 9 “ * 2 9 * AA * * ” ” * JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS ___ MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------- 1.A92 800 692 110 2.88 3.09 2.63 3.5A 2.53 2.67 2.35 3.50 2.31 2.50 2.10 2.69 - 3.20 3.A8 2.7o 3.9o 2AA 3 2A1 * 176 A0 136 391 276 115 18 171 1A1 30 21 35 26 9 - 100 51 A9 8 57 A8 9 5 51 39 12 9 51 39 12 10 15 15 1A 7 1 6 1 27 2 25 7 7 7 “ 99 91 8 7 A5 37 8 3 7 5 2 ” 1 1 * 1 1 * 7 7 7 * * • LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING — MANUFACTURING ------------------nonmanufacturing -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ----------- 2,798 1,670 1.128 988 A .28 A.0A A.6A A .70 A .60 A .80 A .59 A. 59 3.77 2.85 A .10A . 10- A.8o A. 80 A.7o A.6 0 10 9 1 52 52 * 168 165 3 “ 158 155 3 “ 115 9A 21 56 56 * 16 12 A - 26 6 20 15 1A1 99 A2 36 155 2 153 153 S3 7 A6 A5 189 2 187 178 25A 3A 220 220 210 1025 9 9A7 78 201 A1 160 21 1A 7 ” 7 7 - . * 2 2 - - - 1A0 1A0 1A0 ORDER FILLERS ------------------------ __ ___ MANUFACTURING ------------------- 551 195 3.15 3.61 2.70 3.30 2.25- A .00 2.75 - A.Ao 28 * 185 3 29 15 65 51 33 19 10 9 A 2 A6 A6 1 * 11 * 2A * 23 1 18 1 16 * 9 * 3 2 11 11 35 35 * - * * PACKERS. SHIPPING --------------------- — MANUFACTURING ------------------- 3A2 2A5 3.A6 3.30 3.09 3.00 2.75 - A.5n 2.75- 3.29 . “ 28 • 1A 1A 57 57 51 A9 A3 A1 38 37 A 3 10 9 - A 3 1 * 25 1 23 * 8 * 1 5 3 26 2A A A * - * RECEIVING CLERKS ------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------- 218 89 129 3.32 3.27 3.36 3.07 3.13 2.8o 2 .AO- 3.80 2.95- 3.75 2 .A0 - A.2o 10 10 36 15 21 21 21 A A 25 15 10 28 18 10 10 10 - 21 7 1A 6 6 * 13 8 5 6 6 - 3 1 2 9 9 1 1 1 1 * 13 13 * 2 — 2 7 3 A 2 * 2 ~ SHIPPING CLERKS --------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------- A6 32 A .65 5.13 A .33 5.0A 3.55- 5.25 A .33- 5.62 _ - - . - - _ - - _ - 17 3 “ * 2 2 6 6 - “ “ 6 6 6 6 * 6 6 - * SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS MANUFACTURING ------------------- 69 65 3.71 3.77 3.83 A .05 2.75- A .78 2.50- A .78 - - 17 17 A - . - 2 2 9 9 2 2 _ - 1 1 12 12 - . 15 15 A A * - 1 1 2 2 * * TRUCKDRIVERS ------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------- 2.13A 813 1,321 A .23 3.53 A .65 A .90 A .20 2.92 A .20 A .20 3.002.82A .20A .20- A.9o 3.95 A.9o A . 90 _ - 52 52 20 6 1A 50 36 1A 369 369 - 136 116 20 37 27 10 38 15 23 16 7 9 69 69 - 31 13 18 55A 18 536 13 9A “ 9A 270 82 1 81 1 1 3 89 89 - AA AA 1 * 1 165 165 165 87A 316 558 380 A .19 3.75 A. AA A.5A A .20 3.00 A .25 A .20 3.252.85 A .20“ A .20- A.9p 5.75 A.9o A .90 - * 3A 3A * 69 69 - 102 92 10 2A 1A 10 “ 28 9 19 10 10 9 85 171 * 171 171 3 1 3 3 “ 89 89 “ * * 1 * 3 * * • 3 * A A 1.103 673 A.A1 5.12 A .20 A .80 2.82- 5.19 A .20- 5.19 - - 3 - - 300 — 23 - 13 - A 9 9 99 99 99 78 78 - - - AA - 1 1 TRUCKERS, POW ER (FORKLIFT) --MANUFACTURING ------------------- 780 697 A .66 A .63 5.13 5.13 3.7A- 5.13 3.25- 5.13 - _ “ • - 9A 9A A1 A1 38 38 52 51 302 295 27 1 11 A 13 * 3 * * 88 88 W AREHOUSEM EN ------------------------- 635 A .19 A .55 3.30- A .77 2 - 30 A1 1 - - 283 A .81 A .77 A .77- A .91 - 1 1 ------------------ TRUCKDRIVERS. MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO AND INCLUDING A TONS) -----MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------- ----PURLIC UTILITIES ----------TRUCKDRIVERS, H^AVY (OVER A TONS, TRAILER TYPE) ------------------NONMANUFACTUPING ---- ---- ----- NONMANUFACTURING ---------- — - 3 3 10 y 270 270 3 - - 9 9 “ 6 6 * 18 18 * 215 7 - 6 « 13 - 339 321 309 3 A 12 3 . - 20 15 A2 A2 3 — 25 25 “ 9 2A 89 21 7 10 139 161 AA 26 26 8 5 . 2 9 3 1 1 * - 1 * A 1 152 AA 26 26 8 5 * 215 196 85 - * 3 3 * * - A - 161 161 161 * - Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant. custodial, and material movement workers, by sex, in Greensboro— Winston-Salem—High Point, N.C., August 1975 Sex, occu pation , and indu stry d iv is io n m a in t e n a n c e Number of wo liters Average (mean2 ) hourly earnings3 Sex, occu p ation , and in d u stry d iv is io n Number of workers Average [mean2 ) hourly samings3 CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED and po w e rplan t OCCUPATIONS - M EN $ ^ $ 3*66 97 3*95 A . 69 3* 36 3.50 NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------- 98 3.71 , * 55 MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS. TOOLROOM — A. 63 A . 63 86 Q6 6.6 8 6.6 0 6' 0 76 572 A . 09 5.A 2 A . 07 4 .6 5 4.9 0 MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------- TRUCKDRIVERS* MEDIUM (1 -1 / 2 TO 5.8 3 m e c h a n ic s * m a in te n a n c e TRUCKDRIVERS* HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS* A 5.2 6 m a n u fa c tu r in g 193 TOOL AND DIE MAKERS A» 6.2 2 A . 65 CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT OCCUPATIONS - M EN WAREHOUSEMEN 404 ---------------------------------------------------- 626 3.3 2 GUARDS t MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------ 93 A . 08 WATCHMENS MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------ 311 3.0 9 ------ 1,121 2.8 6 ------------------------------ 98 2.7A 3.5 7 2*670 4.1 7 4.8 0 A .27 CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT OCCUPATIONS - W EN OM JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ORDER FILLERS 1,128 ------- ------------------------------------------------- 371 2 .9 3 333 2.8 9 3.0 6 3.0 6 NOTE: Earnings data in table A-6 relate only to workers whose sex identification was provided by the establishment. Earnings data in tables A-4 and A-5, on the other hand, relate to all workers in an occupation. (See appendix A for publication criteria.) Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts, in Greensboro—Winston-Salem—High Point, N.C., August 1974 to August 1975 Industry and occupational group August 1974 to August 1975 A ll industries: Office clerical (men and women) — - — Electronic data processing (men and w om en)____ Industrial nurses (men and women) ----- — Skilled maintenance trades (men) __ .. .. .. Unskilled plant workers (men)___________________ 7.3 4.6 10.0 8.2 10.5 Manufacturing: Office clerical (men and women)---------------------Electronic data processing (men and wom en)----Industrial nurses (men and women) ------------ — — Skilled maintenance trades (men)--- --- --- --- ----Unskilled plant workers (men) ----------------------- — 8.1 7.1 10.0 8.8 9.9 Nonmanufac turing: Office clerical (men and women)---------------------Electronic data processing (men and wom en)----Industrial nurses (men and women) _----------------Skilled maintenance trades (men)--------------------Unskilled plant workers (m en)___________________ 6.4 2.4 ♦ 11.3 * Data do not meet publication criteria. NOTE: The percent increases presented in this table are based on changes in average hourly earnings for establishments reporting the trend jobs in both the current and previous year (matched establishments). They are not affected by changes in average earnings resulting from employment shifts among establishments or turnover of establishments included in survey samples. The percent increases, however, are still affected by factors other than wage increases. Hirings, layoffs, and turnover may affect an establishment average for an occupation when workers are paid under plans providing a range of wage rates for individual jobs. In periods of increased hiring, for example, new employees enter at the bottom of the range, depressing the average without a change in wage rates. These wage trends are not linked to the wage indexes previously published for this area because the wage indexes measured changes in area averages whereas these wage trends measure changes in matched establishment averages. Other characteristics of these wage trends which differ from the discontinued indexes include (1) earnings data of office clerical workers and industrial nurses are converted to an hourly basis, (2) trend estimates are provided for nonmanufacturing establishments where possible, and (3) trend estimates are provided for electronic data processing jobs. For a more detailed description of the method used to compute these wage trends, see "Improving Area Wage Survey Indexes," Monthly Labor Review. January 1973, pp. 52-57. Footnotes1 3 2 1 Standard hours reflect the workweek to these weekly hours. 2 The mean is computed for each job and half receive less than the rate shown. 3 Excludes premium pay for overtime for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median designates position— half Of the employees surveyed receive more The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn more than the higher rate. and for work on weekends, holidays, and'late shifts. Appendix A Area wage and related benefits data are obtained by personal visits of Bureau field represent atives at 3-year in terva ls.1 In each of the intervening years, information on employment and occupational earnings is collected by a combination of personal visit; mail questionnaire, and telephone interview from establishments participating in the previous survey. In each of the 8 3 2 areas currently surveyed, data are obtained from representative estab lishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major industry groups excluded from these studies are government operations and the construction and extractive industries. Establishments having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are omitted because of insufficient employment in the occupations studied. Separate tabulations are provided for each of the broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria. These surveys are conducted on a sample basis. The sampling procedures involve detailed stratification of all establishments within the scope of an individual area survey by industry and number of employees. From this stratified universe a probability sample is selected, with each establishment having a predetermined chance of selection. To obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large than small establishments is selected. When data are combined, each establishment is weighted according to its probability of selection, so that unbiased estimates are generated. For example, if one out of four establishments is selected, it is given a weight of four to represent itself plus three others. An alternate of the same original probability is chosen in the same industry-size classification if data are not available fo r the original sample member. If no suitable substitute is available, additional weight is assigned to a sample member that is similar to the missing unit. Occupations and Earnings Occupations selected for study are common to a variety of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the following types: (1) Office clerical; (2) professional and technical; (3) maintenance and powerplant; and (4) custodial and mate rial movement. Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same job. Occupations selected for study are listed and described in appendix B. Unless otherwise indicated, the earnings data following the job titles are for all industries combined. Earnings data for some of the occupations listed and described, or for some industry divisions within occupations, are not presented in the A -series tables, because either (1) employment in the occupation is too small to provide enough data to m erit presentation, or (2) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data. Separate men's and women's earnings data are not presented when the number of workers not identified by sex is 20 percent or more of the men or women identified in an occupation. Earnings data not shown separately for industry divisions are included in all industries combined data, where shown. Likewise, data are included in the overall classification when a sub classification of electronics technicians, secretaries, or truckdrivers is not shown or information to subclassify is not available. Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for full-time workers, i.e., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule. Earnings data exclude premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living allowances and incentive bonuses are included. Weekly hours for office clerical and professional and technical occupations refer to the standard workweek (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which employees receive regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates). Average weekly earnings for these occupations are rounded to the nearest half dollar. These surveys measure the level of occupational earnings in an area at a particular time. Comparisons of individual occupational averages over time may not reflect expected wage changes. The averages for individual jobs are affected by changes in wages and employment patterns. For example, proportions of workers employed by high- or low-wage firms may change, or high-wage workers may advance to better jobs and be replaced by new workers at lower rates. Such shifts in employment could decrease an occupational average even though most establishments in an area increase wages during the year. Trends in earnings of occupational groupq, shown in table A-7, are better indicators of wage trends than individual jobs within the groups.1 2 Average earnings reflect composite, areawide estimates. Industries and establishments differ in pay level and job staffing, and thus contribute differently to the estimates for each job. Pay averages may fail to reflect accurately the wage differential among jobs in individual establishments. Average pay levels for men and women in selected occupations should not be assumed to reflect differences in pay of the sexes within individual establishments. Factors which may contribute to differences include progression within established rate ranges, since only the rates paid incumbents are collected, and performance of specific duties within the general survey job descriptions. Job descriptions used to classify employees in these surveys usually are more generalized than those used in individual establishments and allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties performed. Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actually surveyed. Because occupational structures among establish ments differ, estimates of occupational employment obtained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occupational structure do not affect materially the accuracy of the earnings data. Wage trends for selected occupational groups The Annual rates span between increased at percents of change in table A-7 relate to wage changes between the indicated dates. of increase, where shown, reflect the amount o f increase for 12 months when the time surveys was other than 12 months. Annual rates are based on the assumption that wages a constant rate between surveys. Occupations used to compute wage trends are: Office clerical (men and women): Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B Clerks, accounting, classes A and B Clerks, file, classes A, B, and C Clerks, order Clerks, payroll Keypunch operators, classes A and B Messengers Secretaries Stenographers, general Stenographers, senior Switchboard operators Tabulating-machine operators, class B Typists, classes A and B Electronic data processing (men and women): Computer operators, classes A, B, and C Computer programmers, classes A, B, and C Electronic data processing (men and women)— Continued Computer systems analysts, classes A, B, and C Industrial nurses (men and women): Nurses, industrial (registered) Skilled maintenance (men): Carpenters Electricians Machinists Mechanics Mechanics (automotive) Painters Pipefitters Tool and die makers Unskilled plant (men): Janitors, porters, and cleaners Laborers, material handling Percent changes for individual areas in the program are computed as follows: 1. Each occupation is assigned a weight based on its proportionate employment in the selected group of occupations in the base year. 2. These weights are used to compute group averages. Each occupation's average (mean) earnings is multiplied by its weight. The products are totaled to obtain a group average. 3. The ratio of group averages for 2 consecutive years is computed by dividing the average for the current year by the average for the earlier year. The results— expressed as a percent— less 100 is the percent change. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions 1 Personal visits were on a 2-yea r c y cle before July 1972. 2 Included in die 83 areas are 13 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are Akron, Ohio; Austin, T e x . ; Binghamton, N. Y . —P a . ; Birmingham, A l a . ; Fort Lauderdale—H ollywood and W est Palm Beach—Boca Raton, F la .; Lexington—Fayette, K y . ; Melbourne—T itu s v ille Cocoa, F la .; N orfolk—V irgin ia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, V a. —N. C . ; Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newbutgh, N. Y . ; R aleigh— Durham, N. C . ; Syracuse, N. Y . ; U tica—R om e, N. Y . ; and Westchester County, N. Y . In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies in approxim ately 70 areas at the request o f the Employm ent Standards Administration o f the U. S. Department o f Labor. Tabulations on selected establishment practices and supplementary wage provisionj (B-series tables) are not presented in this bulletin. Information for these, tabulations is collected at 3-year intervals.1 These tabulations on minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced office workers; shift differentials; scheduled weekly hours and days; paid holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans are presented (in the B -series tables) in previous bulletins for this area. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Greensboro—W inston-Salem—High Point, N .C .,1 August 1975 Minimum employment in establishments in scope of study Industry division2 A ll division s__ — .. ________________ Workers in establishments Within scope of study4 Within scope of study * Studied Studied Number Percent 786 135 176,348 100 76, 044 - 443 343 68 67 120,644 55, 704 68 32 51,099 24, 945 50 50 50 50 50 60 63 128 42 50 1 2 8 20 1 0 1 7 17,230 5, 693 19,151 8, 840 4, 790 10 3 1 1 5 3 8, 812 922 8, 081 5, 093 2,037 . Manufacturing________________________________ Nonmanufacturing______ _____ ______ __________ Transportation, communication, and other public utilities 5____________________ Wholesale trade6 _______________________ . Retail trade6_______________________________ Finance, insurance, and real estate6 ____ . Services6 7 ______ __ __ ___ ______ ___— Number of establishments 50 1 T h e G r e e n s b o r o - W in s to n - S a le m - H ig h P o in t Standard M e tr o p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as d efin ed by the O ffic e o f M a n a g e m e n t and B u dget th rou gh F e b r u a r y 1974, c o n s is ts of D a vid son , F o r s y th , G u ilfo rd , Randolph, S tok es, and Y a d k in C ounties. Th e " w o r k e r s w ith in sc o p e o f stu d y" e s tim a te s shown in th is ta b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u ra te d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s itio n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d ed in th e s u rv e y . E s tim a te s a r e not in ten d ed , h o w e v e r , f o r c o m p a ris o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s to m e a s u re e m p lo y m e n t tren ds o r l e v e ls sin c e (1) plan n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s e s ta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in advan ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d studied, and (2 ) s m a ll esta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the sc o p e o f the s u rv e y . 2 T h e 1967 e d itio n o f the Standard In d u s tria l C la s s ific a t io n M an u al w as u sed in c la s s ify in g esta b lish m en ts b y in d u stry d iv is io n . 3 In clu d es a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b ove the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A l l o u tlets (w ith in the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in in d u s trie s such as tra d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tio n p ic tu r e th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e re d as 1 e s ta b lish m en t. 4 In clu d es a ll w o r k e r s in a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t (w ith in the a r e a ) at o r ab ove the m in im u m lim ita tio n . 5 A b b r e v ia te d to "p u b lic u t ilit ie s " in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s . T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in c id e n ta l to w a te r tra n s p o rta tio n w e r e e x clu d ed . The tr a n s it s y s te m in W in s to n -S a le m , and tw o o f the e le c t r ic u t ilit ie s su pplyin g le s s than h a lf o f the e le c t r ic con su m ption w e r e p u b lic ly ow n ed and e x c lu d e d b y d e fin itio n f r o m the sc o p e o f the study. 6 T h is d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s f o r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the A - s e r i e s ta b les. S e p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n o f data is not m ad e f o r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1 ) E m p lo y m e n t is too s m a ll to p ro v id e enough data to m e r it s e p a ra te study, (2 ) the sa m p le w as not d e s ig n e d in it a lly to p e r m it s e p a ra te p re s e n ta tio n , (3 ) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequate to p e r m it s e p a ra te p re s e n ta tio n , and (4 ) th e re is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e Of in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t data. 7 H o te ls and m o te ls ; la u n d rie s and o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u sin ess s e r v i c e s ; au tom ob ile r e p a ir , ren ta l, and p a rk in g ; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s (e x c lu d in g r e lig io u s and c h a rita b le o rg a n iz a tio n s ); and e n g in e e rin g and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s . Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors; apprentices; learners; beginners; trainees; and handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers. OFFICE B ILLER, MACHINE CLERKS, ACCOUNTING Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental to billing operations. F or wage study purposes, billers, machine, are classified by type of machine, as follows: Perform s one or more accounting clerical tasks such as posting to registers and ledgers; reconciling bank accounts; verifying the internal consistency, completeness, and mathematical accuracy of accounting documents; assigning prescribed accounting distribution codes; examining and verifying for clerical accuracy various types of reports, lists, calculations, posting, etc.; or preparing simple or assisting in preparing more complicated journal vouchers. May work in either a manual or automated accounting system. B iller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing machine (combination typing and adding machine) to prepare bills and invoices from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the b ill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine. B ille r r machine (bookkeeping machine> Uses a bookkeeping machine (with or without a . typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips. BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR Operates a bookkeeping machine (with or without a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions. Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and fam iliarity with the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets, and other records by hand. Class B . Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic bookkeeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, customers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described under b iller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, inventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department. The work requires a knowledge of clerical methods and office practices and procedures which relates to the clerical processing and recording of transactions and accounting information. With experience, the worker typically becomes fam iliar with the bookkeeping and accounting terms and procedures used in the assigned work, but is not required to have a knowledge of the formal principles of bookkeeping and accounting. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions. Class A. Under general supervision, performs accounting clerical operations which require the application of experience and judgment, for example, clerically processing complicated or nonrepetitive accounting transactions, selecting among a substantial variety of prescribed accounting codes and classifications, or tracing transactions though previous accounting actions to determine source of discrepancies. May be assisted by one or more class B accounting clerks. Class B. Under close supervision, following detailed instructions and standardized procedures, performs one or more routine accounting clerical operations, such as posting to ledgers, cards, or worksheets where identification of items and locations of postings are clearly indicated; checking accuracy and completeness of standardized and repetitive records or accounting documents; and coding documents using a few prescribed accounting codes. CLERK, FILE F iles, classifies, and retrieves material in an established filing system. May perform clerical and manual tasks required to maintain files. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions. Class A . Classifies and indexes file material such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc., in an established filing system containing a number of varied subject matter files. May also file this material. May keep records of various types in conjunction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file clerks. SECRETARY— Continued Class B . Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids. As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain and service files. Class C. Perform s routine filing of material that has already been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numerical). As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. May perform simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files. CLERK, ORDER Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by mail, phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following: Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping invoices with original orders. CLERK, PAYROLL Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, wdrking days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine. KEYPUNCH OPERATOR Operates a keypunch machine to record or verify alphabetic and/or numeric data on tabulating cards or on tape. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions. Class A . Work requires the application of experience and judgment in selecting procedures to be followed and in searching for, interpreting, selecting, or coding items to be keypunched from a variety of source documents. On occasion may also perform some routine keypunch work. May train inexperienced keypunch operators. Class B. Work is routine and repetitive. Under close supervision or following specific procedures or instructions, works from various standardized source documents which have been coded, and follows specified procedures which have been prescribed in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be recorded. Refers to supervisor problems arising from erroneous items or codes or missing information. MESSENGER Exclusions Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above characteristics. positions which are excluded from the definition are as follows: Examples of a. Positions which do not meet the "personal" secretary concept described above; b. Stenographers c. Stenographers managerial persons; not fully trained in secretarial type duties; serving as office assistants to a group of professional, technical, or d. Secretary positions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or sub stantially more complex and responsible than those characterized in the definition; e. Assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical duties which are not typical of secretarial work. NOTE: The term "corporate officer, " used in the level definitions following, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide policymaking role with regard to major company activities. The title "vice president," though normally indicative of this role, dops not in all cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e.g., approve or deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts; directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate officers" for purposes of applying the following level definitions. Class A 1. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5, 000 persons; or 2. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000 persons; or 3. Secretary to the head, immediately below the corporate officer level, of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons. Class B 1. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that employs, ^n all, fewer than 100 persons; or2 5 4 3 2. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or 3. Secretary to the head, immediately below the officer level, over either a major corporate wide functional activity (e.g., marketing, research, operations, industrial relations, etc.) or a major geographic or organizational segment (e.g., a regional headquarters; a major division) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000 employees; or Perform s various routine duties such as running errands, operating minor office machines such as sealers or m ailers, opening and distributing mail, and other minor clerical work. Exclude positions that require operation of a motor vehicle as a significant duty. 4. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, over 5,000 persons; or SECRETARY 5. Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational segment (e.g., a middle management supervisor of an organizational segment often involving as many as several hundred persons) or a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons. Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Maintains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day work of the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a minimum of detailed supervision and guidance. Perform s varied clerical and secretarial duties, usually including most of the following: a. Receives telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming mail, answers routine inquires, and routes technical inquiries to the proper persons; b. Establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files; c. Maintains the supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; d. Relays messages from supervisor to subordinates; e. Reviews correspondence, memorandums, and reports prepared by others for the super visor's signature to assure procedural and typographic accuracy; f. Perform s stenographic and typing work. May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks of comparable nature and difficulty. The work typically requires knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organization, programs, work of the supervisor. Digitized forprocedures related to the and FRASER Class C 1. Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose responsibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the definition for class B, but whose organizational unit normally numbers at least several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or two; or 2. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than 5,000 persons. Class D 1. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational unit (e.g., fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or 2. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional employee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert. (NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers rather than secretaries as described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory w orker.) STENOGRAPHER TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (Electric Accounting Machine Operator) Prim ary duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to transcribe the dictation. May also type from written copy. May operate from a stenographic pool. May occasionally transcribe from voice recordings (if prim ary duty is transcribing from recordings, see Transcribing-Machine Operator, General). Operates one or a variety of machines such as the tabulator, calculator, collator, interpreter, sorter, reproducing punch, etc. Excluded from this definition are working supervisors. Also excluded are operators of electronic digital computers, even though they may also operate EAM equipment. NOTE: This job is distinguished from that of a secretary in that a secretary normally works in a confidential relationship with only one manager or executive and performs more responsible and discretionary tasks as described in the secretary job definition. Class A. Perform s complete reporting and tabulating assignments including devising difficult control panel wiring under general supervision. Assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which often are irregular or nonrecurring, requiring some planning of the nature and sequencing of operations, and the use of a variety of machines. Is typically involved in training new operators in machine operations or training lower level operators in wiring from diagrams and in the operating sequences of long and complex reports. Does not include positions in which wiring responsibility is limited to selection and insertion of prewired boards. Stenographer, General Dictation involves a normal routine vocabulary. or perform other relatively routine clerical tasks. May maintain files, keep simple records, Stenographer, Senior Dictation involves a varied technical .or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific research. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc. OR Perform s stenographic duties requiring significantly greater independence and responsibility than stenographer, general, as evidenced by the following: Work requires a high degree of stenographic speed and accuracy; a thorough working knowledge of general business and office procedure; and of the specific business operations, organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as maintaining followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums, and letters; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR Operates a telephone switchboard or console used with a private branch exchange (PBX) system to relay incoming, outgoing, and intra-system calls. May provide information to callers, record and transmit messages, keep record of calls placed and toll charges. Besides operating a telephone switchboard or console, may also type or perform routine clerical work (typing or routine clerical work may occupy the major portion of the worker's time, and is usually performed while at the switchboard or console). Chief or lead operators in establishments employing more than one operator are excluded. F or an operator who also acts as a receptionist, see Switchboard OperatorReceptionist. SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST At a single-position telephone switchboard or console, acts both as an operator— see Switch board Operator— and as a receptionist. Receptionist's work involves such duties as greeting visitors; determining nature of visito r's business and providing appropriate information; referring visitor to appropriate person in the organization, or contacting that person by telephone and arranging an appointment; keeping a log of visitors. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions. Class B . Perform s work according to established procedures and under specific instructions. Assignments typically involve complete but routine and recurring reports or parts of larger and more complex reports. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical accounting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the simpler machines used by class C operators. May be required to do some wiring from diagrams. May train new employees in basic machine operations. Class C. Under specific instructions, operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting machines such as the sorter, interpreter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. Assignments typically involve portions of a work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs, or repetitive operations. May perform simple wiring from diagrams, and do some filing work. T R A N S C R IB IN G rM A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L Prim ary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine vocabulary from tran scribing-machine records. May also type from written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine is classified as a stenographer. T Y P IS T Uses a typewriter to make copies of various materials or to make out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating processes. May 'o clerical work involving little special training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and distributing incoming mail. Class A . Perform s one or more of the following: Typing material in final form when it involves combining material from several sources; or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language material; or planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine form letters, varying details to suit circumstances. Class B. Perform s one or more of the following: Copy typing from rough or clear drafts; or routine typing of form s, insurance policies, etc; or setting up simple standard tabulations; or copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly. PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL COMPUTER OPERATOR COMPUTER OPERATOR— Continued Monitors and operates the control console of a digital computer to process data cccording to operating instructions, usually prepared by a programmer. Work includes most of the following: Studies instructions to determine equipment setup and operations; loads equipment With required items (tape reels, cards, etc.); switches necessary auxiliary equipment into circuit, and starts and operates computer; makes adjustments to computer to correct operating problems and meet special conditions; reviews errors made during operation and determines cause or refers problem to supervisor or programmer; and maintains operating records. May test and assist in correcting program. Class B. Operates independently, or under only general direction, a computer running programs with most of the following characteristics: Most of the programs are established production runs, typically run on a regularly recurring basis; there is little or no testing of new programs required; alternate programs are provided in case original program needs major change or cannot be corrected within a reasonably time. In common erro r situations, diagnoses cause and takes corrective action. This usually involves applying previously programmed corrective steps, or using standard correction techniques. OR For wage study purposes, computer operators are classified as follows: Class A . Operates independently, or under only general direction, a computer running programs with most of the following characteristics: New programs are frequently tested and introduced; scheduling requirements are of critical importance to minimize downtime; the programs are of complex design so that identification of erro r source often requires a working knowledge of the total program, and alternate programs may not be available. May give direction and guidance to lower level operators. Operates under direct supervision a computer running programs or segments of programs with the characteristics described for class A. May assist a higher level operator by independently performing less difficult tasks assigned, and performing difficult tasks following detailed instructions and with frequent review of operations performed. Class C. Works on routine programs under close supervision. Is expected to develop working knowledge of the computer equipment used and ability to detect problems involved in running routine programs. Usually has received some form al training in computer operation. May assist higher level operator on complex programs. Converts statements of business problems, typically prepared by a systems analyst, into a sequence of detailed instructions which are required to solve the problems by automatic data processing equipment. Working from charts or diagrams, the programmer develops the precise instructions which, when entered into the computer system in coded language, cause the manipulation of data to achieve desired results. Work involves most of the following: Applies knowledge of computer capabilities, mathematics, logic employed by computers, and particular subject matter involved to analyze charts and diagrams of the problem to be programmed; develops sequence of program steps; writes detailed flow charts to show order in which data w ill be processed; converts these charts to coded instructions for machine to follow; tests and corrects programs; prepares instructions for operating personnel during production run; analyzes, reviews, and alters programs to increase operating efficiency or adapt to new requirements; maintains records of program development and revisions. (NOTE: Workers performing both systems analysis and programming should be classified as systems analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.) Does not include employees prim arily responsible for the management or supervision of other electronic data processing employees, or programmers prim arily concerned with scientific and/or engineering problems. For wage study purposes, programmers are classified as follows: Class A . Works independently or under only general direction on complex problems which require competence in all phases of programming concepts and practices. Working from diagrams and charts which identify the nature of desired results, major processing steps to be accomplished, and the relationships between various steps of the problem solving routine; plans the full range of programming actions needed to efficiently utilize the computer system in achieving desired end products. At this level, programming is difficult because computer equipment must be organized to produce several interrelated but diverse products from numerous and diverse data elements. A wide variety and extensive number of internal processing actions must occur. This requires such actions as development of common operations which can be reused, establishment of linkage points between operations, adjustments to data when program requirements exceed computer storage capacity, and substantial manipulation and resequencing of data elements to form a highly integrated program. For wage study purposes, systems analysts are classified as follows: Glass A . Works independently or under only general direction an complex problems involving all phases of system analysis. Problems are complex because of diverse sources of input data and multiple-use requirements of output data. (F or .example, develops an integrated production scheduling, inventory control, cost analysis, and sales analysis record in which every item of each type is automatically processed through the full system of records and appropriate followup actions are initiated by the computer.) Confers with persons concerned to determine the data processing problems and advises subject-matter personnel on the implications of new or revised systems of data processing operations. Makes recommendations, if needed, for approval of m ajor systems installations or changes and for obtaining equipment. May provide functional direction to lower level systems analysts who are assigned to assist. Class B. Works independently or under only general direction on problems that are relatively uncomplicated to analyze, plan, program, and operate. Problems are of limited complexity because sources of input data are homogeneous and the output data are closely related. (F or example, develops systems for maintaining depositor accounts in a bank, maintaining accounts receivable in a retail establishment, or maintaining inventory accounts in a manufacturing or wholesale establishment.) Confers with persons concerned to determine the data processing problems and advises subjectmatter personnel on the implications of the data processing systems to be applied. OR Works on a segment of a complex data processing scheme or system, as described for class A. Works independently on routine assignments and receives instruction and guidance on complex assignments. Work is reviewed for accuracy of judgment, compliance with instructions, and to insure proper alignment with the overall system. Class C. Works under immediate supervision, carrying out analyses as assigned, usually of a single activity. Assignments are designed to develop and expand practical experience in the application of procedures and skills required for systems analysis work. For example, may assist a higher level systems analyst by preparing the detailed specifications required by programmers from information developed by the higher level analyst. May provide functional direction to lower level programmers who are assigned to assist. Class B. Works independently or under only general direction on relatively Simple programs, or on simple segments of complex programs. Programs (or segments) usually process information to produce data in two or three varied sequences or formats. Reports and listings are produced by refining, adapting, arraying, or making minor additions to or deletions from input data which are readily available. While numerous records may be processed, the data have been refined in prior actions so that the accuracy and sequencing of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. Typically, the program deals with routine record-keeping type operations. OR Works on complex programs (as described for class A) under close direction of a higher level programmer or supervisor. May assist higher level programmer by independently performing less difficult tasks assigned, and performing more difficult tasks under fairly close direction. May guide or instruct lower level programmers. Class C. Makes practical applications of programming practices and concepts usually learned in formal training courses. Assignments are designed to develop competence in the application of standard procedures to routine problems. Receives close supervision on new aspects of assignments; and work is reviewed to verify its accuracy and conformance with required procedures. COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS Analyzes business problems to formulate procedures for solving them by use of electronic data processing equipment. Develops a complete description of all specifications needed to enable programmers to prepare required digital computer programs. Work involves most of the following: Analyzes subject-matter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and criteria required to achieve satisfactory results; specifies number and types of records, files, and documents to be used; outlines actions to be performed by personnel and computers in sufficient detail for presentation to management and for programming (typically this involves preparation of work and data flow charts); coordinates the development of test problems and participates in tria l runs of new and revised systems; and recommends equipment changes to obtain more effective overall operations. (NOTE: Workers performing both systems analysis and programming should be classified as systems analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.) Does not include employees prim arily responsible for the management or supervision of other electronic data processing employees, or systems analysts prim arily concerned with scientific or engineering problems. DRAFTER Clas8 A. Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having distinctive design features that differ significantly from established drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator, and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of each change on the details of form, function, and positional relationships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for consistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level drafters. Class B . Perform s nonroutine and complex drafting assignments that require the application of most of the standardized drawing techniques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple functions, and precise positional relationships between components; prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof. Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities, strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements, and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical adequacy. Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types of drawings prepared include isom etric projections (depicting three dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required. Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked during progress. DRAFTER-TRACER Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not include tracing lim ited to plans prim arily consisting of straight lines and a large scale not requiring close delineation.) AND/OR Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items. during progress. Work is closely supervised W o r k s on c o m b in a tio n o f the c o n s tru c tin g , and p r in c ip le s , a b ility v a r io u s ty p e s o f e le c t r o n ic equ ipm en t and re la te d d e v ic e s by p e r fo r m in g one o r a fo llo w in g : In s ta llin g , m a in ta in in g , r e p a ir in g , o v e rh a u lin g , tro u b le s h o o tin g , m o d ify in g , te s tin g . W o r k r e q u ir e s p r a c t ic a l ap p lica tio n o f te c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e o f e le c t r o n ic s to d e te r m in e m a lfu n c tio n s , and s k ill to put equ ipm ent in r e q u ir e d o p e ra tin g con d ition . C la s s B . A p p lie s c o m p r e h e n s iv e te c h n ic a l k n o w led g e to s o lv e c o m p le x p ro b le m s (i. e . , th ose that t y p ic a lly can be s o lv e d s o le ly by p r o p e r ly in te r p r e tin g m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m anuals o r s im ila r d o c u m e n ts ) in w o rk in g on e le c t r o n ic equ ip m en t. W o rk in v o lv e s : A fa m ilia r it y w ith the in t e r r e la t io n ships o f c ir c u it s ; and ju d gm en t in d e te rm in in g w o rk seq u en ce and in s e le c tin g to o ls and te s tin g in s tru m e n ts , u su ally le s s c o m p le x than th o s e used b y the c la s s A te c h n ic ia n . T h e eq u ip m en t— c o n s is tin g o f e it h e r m any d iffe r e n t kinds o f c ir c u its o r m u ltip le re p e titio n of the s a m e kind of c ir c u it — in c lu d e s , but is not lim ite d to , the fo llo w in g : (a ) E le c t r o n ic tra n s m ittin g and r e c e iv in g eq u ip m en t (e . g . , r a d a r , ra d io , t e le v is io n , te le p h o n e , son ar, n a v ig a tio n a l a id s ), (b ) d ig it a l and an .log c o m p u te r s , and (c ) in d u s tr ia l and m e d ic a l m e a s u rin g and c o n tr o llin g equ ip m en t. R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l gu id a n ce, as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r l e v e l tech n icia n , and w o r k is r e v ie w e d fo r s p e c ific c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d p r a c t ic e s and w o rk a ssign m en ts. M a y p ro v id e te c h n ic a l gu idan ce to lo w e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s . T h is c la s s ific a t io n e x c lu d e s r e p a ir e r s o f such stan dard e le c t r o n ic equ ipm en t as co m m o n o ffic e m a c h in e s and h ou seh old r a d io and t e le v is io n se ts ; prod u ction a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y duty is s e r v ic in g e le c t r o n ic t e s t in s tru m e n ts ; tech n ic ia n s who have a d m in is tr a tiv e o r s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y ; and d r a ft e r s , d e s ig n e r s , and p r o fe s s io n a l e n g in e e rs . C la s s G . A p p lie s w o rk in g te c h n ic a l k n o w led ge to p e r fo r m s im p le o r rou tin e task s in w ork in g on e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m en t, fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s w h ich c o v e r v ir t u a lly a ll p ro c e d u re s . W ork t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s such ta s k s as: A s s is t in g h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s by p e r fo r m in g such a c t iv itie s as re p la c in g c o m p o n en ts, w ir in g c ir c u it s , and ta k in g te s t re a d in g s ; r e p a ir in g s im p le e le c tr o n ic equipm ent; and using to o ls and co m m o n te s t in stru m en ts (e . g . , m u ltim e te r s , audio s ig n a l g e n e r a to r s , tube t e s t e r s , o s c illo s c o p e s ). Is not r e q u ir e d to b e fa m ilia r w ith the in te r r e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u its . T h is k n o w led ge, h o w e v e r , m a y be a c q u ire d th rou gh a s s ig n m e n ts d e s ig n e d to in c r e a s e c o m p e te n c e (in clu din g c la s s r o o m tr a in in g ) so that w o r k e r can advance to h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n . P o s itio n s a r e c la s s ifie d in to l e v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s . R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l gu id a n ce, as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r l e v e l tech n icia n . W ork is ty p ic a lly spot c h e c k e d , but is g iv e n d e ta ile d r e v ie w when n ew o r ad va n ced assign m en ts a re in v o lv e d . G la s s A . A p p lie s a d va n ced te c h n ic a l k n ow led ge to s o lv e unusually c o m p le x p ro b le m s (i. e . , th ose that t y p ic a lly cannot be s o lv e d s o le ly by r e fe r e n c e to m a n u fa c tu r e r s 1 m an u als o r s im ila r d o c u m e n ts ) in w o rk in g on e le c t r o n ic equ ip m en t. E x a m p les o f such p ro b le m s in clu d e lo c a tio n and d e n s ity o f c ir c u it r y , e le c t r o - m a g n e t ic r a d ia tio n , is o la tin g m a lfu n c tio n s , and fre q u e n t e n g in e e rin g ch a n ges. W o rk in v o lv e s : A d e ta ile d u n d erstan d in g of the in te rre la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s ; e x e r c is in g in depen den t ju d gm en t in p e r fo r m in g such ta s k s as m akin g c ir c u it a n a ly s e s , c a lc u la tin g w a v e fo r m s , t r a c in g r e la tio n s h ip s in s ig n a l flo w ; and r e g u la r ly using c o m p le x te s t in stru m en ts' (e .g ., dual tr a c e o s c illo s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia tio n m e t e r s , p u lse g e n e r a to r s ). W o rk m a y be r e v ie w e d by c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d p r a c t ic e s . s u p e r v is o r (fre q u e n tly an e n g in e e r o r d e s ig n e r ) M a y p r o v id e te c h n ic a l guidance to lo w e r l e v e l fo r g e n e r a l te c h n ic ia n s . N U R S E , IN D U S T R IA L (R e g is t e r e d ) A r e g is t e r e d n u rse who g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e u n der g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ire c tio n to i l l o r in ju re d e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e rs o n s who b e c o m e i l l o r s u ffe r an a cc id e n t on the p r e m is e s o f a fa c t o r y o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t. D u ties in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : G iv in g fi r s t aid to the i l l o r in ju re d ; attending to subsequent d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k eep in g r e c o r d s o f patien ts tre a te d ; p re p a r in g a ccid en t re p o r ts f o r co m p en sa tio n o r o th er p u rp o s e s ; a s s is tin g in p h y s ic a l ex am in ation s and h ealth e v a lu a tio n s o f ap p lica n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y in g out p ro g r a m s in v o lv in g health ed u ca tio n , a cc id e n t p r e v e n tio n , ev a lu a tio n o f plant e n v iro n m e n t, o r o th er a c t iv it ie s a ffe c tin g the h ealth, w e lf a r e , and s a fe ty of a ll p e rs o n n e l. N u rs in g s u p e r v is o r s o r head n u rses in e sta b lish m en ts em p lo yin g m o r e than one n u rse a re ex clu d ed . MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT B O IL E R T E N D E R H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S F i r e s s ta tio n a r y b o ile r s to fu rn is h th e esta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith h ea t, p o w e r, o r ste a m . F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e by hand o r o p e ra te s a m e c h a n ic a l s to k e r, g a s , o r o il b u rn e r; and c h e c k s w a t e r and s a fe ty v a lv e s . M a y c le a n , o il, o r a s s is t in re p a irin g b o ile r r o o m equ ipm en t. A s s is t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m ain ten a n ce tr a d e s , b y p e r fo r m in g s p e c ific o r g e n e r a l d u ties o f l e s s e r s k ill, such as k eep in g a w o r k e r su p p lied w ith m a t e r ia ls and to o ls ; clea n in g w o rk in g a r e a , m a c h in e , and eq u ip m en t; a s s is tin g jo u rn e y m a n by h oldin g m a te r ia ls o r to o ls ; and p e r fo r m in g o th er u n s k ille d ta sk s as d ir e c te d b y jo u rn e y m a n . T h e kin d o f w o rk the h e lp e r is p e rm itte d to p e r fo r m v a r ie s fr o m tra d e to t r a d e : In s o m e tr a d e s the h e lp e r is c o n fin e d to su pplyin g, liftin g , and h old in g m a t e r ia ls and t o o ls , and c le a n in g w o rk in g a r e a s ; and in o th e rs he is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m s p e c ia liz e d m a ch in e o p e r a tio n s , o r p a rts * o f a tr a d e that a r e a ls o p e r fo r m e d by w o r k e r s on a f u ll- t im e b a s is . C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E P e r f o r m s the c a r p e n tr y d u ties n e c e s s a r y to co n stru ct and m aintain in g o o d r e p a ir bu ildin g w o o d w o rk and eq u ip m en t such as b in s , c r ib s , co u n te rs , b en ch es, p a rtitio n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s ta ir s , c a s in g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o st of the fo llo w in g : Plan n in g and la y in g out o f w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tru c tio n s ; using a v a r ie t y of c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d to o ls, p o r ta b le p o w e r t o o ls , and standard m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; m ak in g stan dard shop co m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e le c tin g m a te r ia ls n e c e s s a r y fo r the w o rk . In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n t e r re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ire d th ro u gh a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e . E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l tr a d e fu nctions such as the in s ta lla tio n , m a in te n a n c e , o r r e p a ir o f eq u ip m en t f o r th e g e n e r a tio n , d is tr ib u tio n , o r u tiliza tio n o f e le c t r ic e n e r g y in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : In s ta llin g o r re p a ir in g any of a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r i c a l equ ip m en t such as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w itc h b o a r d s , c o n t r o lle r s , c ir c u it b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h eatin g units, con du it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r tr a n s m is s io n e q u ip m en t; w o rk in g fr o m b lu ep rin ts, d r a w in g s , la y o u ts , o r o th e r s p e c ific a t io n s ; lo c a tin g and d ia g n o s in g tr o u b le in the e le c t r ic a l s y s te m o r eq u ip m en t; w o rk in g sta n d a rd co m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n ts o f w ir in g o r e le c t r ic a l equ ip m en t; and using a v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic ia n 's h a n d tools and m e a s u r in g and te s tin g in stru m en ts. In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in te n a n c e e le c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y O p e r a te s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e rv is e the o p e ra tio n of s ta tio n a r y e n g in e s and eq u ip m en t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to su pply th e esta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , h ea t, r e f r ig e r a t io n , o r a ir - c o n d itio n in g . W o r k in v o lv e s : O p era tin g and m ain tain in g eq u ip m en t such as s te a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , tu rb in e s , v e n tila tin g and r e fr ig e r a t in g equ ip m en t, s te a m b o ile r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m ps; m a k in g equ ipm ent r e p a ir s ; and k eep in g a r e c o r d o f o p e ra tio n o f m a c h in e r y , te m p e r a tu r e , and fu e l co n su m p tio n . M a y a ls o s u p e rv is e th e s e o p e ra tio n s . H ead o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one e n g in e e r a re exclu ded. M A C H IN E - T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O L R O O M S p e c ia liz e s in o p e ra tin g one o r m o r e than one ty p e o f m a ch in e t o o l (e .g ., j i g b o r e r , grin d in g m a c h in e , en gin e la th e , m illin g m a c h in e ) to m a ch in e m e ta l fo r use in m ak in g o r m ain tain in g jig s , fix t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o ls , g a u g e s , o r m e ta l d ies o r m o ld s used in shaping o r fo r m in g m e ta l o r n o n m e ta llic m a t e r ia l (e . g . , p la s tic , p la s t e r , ru b b e r, g la s s ). W o rk t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s : Plan n in g and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m a ch in in g o p e ra tio n s w h ich r e q u ir e c o m p lic a te d setups o r a high d e g r e e o f a cc u ra c y ; settin g up m a ch in e to o l o r t o o ls (e .g ., in s ta ll cutting t o o ls and adjust g u id e s , sto p s , w o rk in g ta b le s , and oth er c o n tr o ls to handle the s iz e o f sto ck to be m a ch in ed ; d e te r m in e p r o p e r fe e d s , s p eed s, to o lin g , and o p e ra tio n sequ en ce o r s e le c t th o s e p r e s c r ib e d in d ra w in g s , b lu e p rin ts , o r la y o u ts ); using a v a r ie t y of p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; m akin g n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm en ts d u rin g m a ch in in g o p era tio n to ach ieve re q u is ite d im e n s io n s to v e r y c lo s e to le r a n c e s . M a y be r e q u ir e d to s e le c t p r o p e r coola n ts and cutting and lu b r ic a tin g o ils , to r e c o g n iz e when t o o ls n eed d r e s s in g , and to d r e s s to o ls . In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f a m a c h in e - to o l o p e r a to r , t o o lr o o m , at the s k ill l e v e l c a lle d fo r in th is c la s s ific a tio n re q u ir e s e x te n s iv e k n o w led g e o f m a c h in e -s h o p and to o lr o o m p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ire d throu gh c o n s id e ra b le o n -th e -jo b tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a ge study p u rp o s e s , th is c la s s ific a t io n d o es not in clu d e m a c h in e -to o l o p e r a to r s , to o lr o o m , e m p lo y e d in t o o l- a n d - d ie jo b b in g shops. M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a rts and n ew p a rts in m akin g r e p a ir s o f m e ta l p a rts o f m e c h a n ic a l equ ip m en t o p e ra te d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : in te r p r e tin g w ritte n in s tru c tio n s and s p e c ific a tio n s ; planning and la y in g out o f w o r k ; using a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in is t's handtools and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; settin g up and o p e ra tin g sta n d a rd m a c h in e to o ls ; shaping o f m e ta l p a rts to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; m a k in g sta n d a rd shop com p u tation s r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o lin g , fe e d s , and s p eed s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w led g e o f the w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s o f the com m on m e ta ls ; s e le c tin g stan dard m a t e r ia ls , p a r ts , and equ ip m en t r e q u ir e d f o r th is w o r k ; and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a rts in to m e c h a n ic a l equ ip m en t. In g e n e r a l, the m a c h in is t's w o r k n o r m a lly re q u ir e s a rou nded tr a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . P a in ts and r e d e c o r a te s w a lls , w o o d w o rk , and fix t u r e s o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k in v o lv e s the fo llo w in g : K n o w led ge o f su rfa c e p e c u lia r it ie s and ty p e s o f pain t r e q u ir e d fo r d iffe r e n t a p p lic a tio n s ; p re p a r in g su rfa c e fo r painting by r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p la c in g putty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o le s and in t e r s t ic e s ; and a pplyin g paint w ith s p ra y gun o r b ru sh . M a y m ix c o lo r s , o ils , w h ite le a d , and o th er paint in g re d ie n ts to obtain p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is te n c y . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in ten a n ce p a in te r re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r eq u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M a in te n a n c e ) P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E R e p a irs a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o to r tr u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u to m o tiv e equ ip m en t to d ia gn o se s o u rc e o f tr o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g equ ipm en t and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that in v o lv e the use o f such h an dtools as w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c ia liz e d equ ip m en t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a rts ; r e p la c in g b ro k en o x d e fe c t iv e p a rts fr o m stock ; g rin d in g and a d ju stin g v a lv e s ; re a s s e m b lin g and in s ta llin g the v a r io u s a s s e m b lie s in th e v e h ic le and m aking n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm en ts; and a lig n in g w h e e ls , ad ju stin g b ra k e s and lig h ts , o r tig h te n in g body b olts. In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the a u to m o tiv e m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ire d throu gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . r e p a ir T h is c la s s ific a t io n shops. d oes not in clu d e m e c h a n ic s who r e p a ir c u s to m e r s ' v e h ic le s in au tom ob ile In s ta lls o r r e p a ir s w a te r , ste a m , g a s , o r o th e r ty p e s o f p ip e and p ip e fittin g s in an e s t a b lis h m en t. W o r k in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : L a y in g out o f w o r k and m e a s u r in g to lo c a te p o s itio n o f p ip e fr o m d raw in gs o r o th er w ritte n s p e c ific a t io n s ; cu ttin g v a r io u s s iz e s o f p ip e to c o r r e c t len gth s w ith c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e to r c h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a c h in e s ; th re a d in g p ip e w ith sto ck s and d ie s ; bending pipe by h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g pip e w ith co u p lin g s and fa s te n in g pip e to h a n g e rs ; m aking stan d ard shop co m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f pip e re q u ire d ; and m akin g stan d ard te s ts to d e te r m in e w h e th e r fin is h e d p ip es m e e t s p e c ific a tio n s . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in ten an ce p ip e fit t e r r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ire d through a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . W o r k e r s p r im a r ily e n g a g ed in in s ta llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g sa n ita tio n o r h ea tin g s y s te m s a re e x c lu d e d . S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E R e p a irs m a c h in e ry o r m e c h a n ic a l equ ip m en t o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l equ ipm en t to d ia g n o se s o u rc e o f tro u b le ; d is m a n tlin g o r p a rtly d is m a n tlin g m a c h in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly in v o lv e the use o f h an d tools in sc ra p in g and fittin g p a rts ; r e p la c in g b ro k en o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts w ith ite m s ob tain ed fr o m stock ; o r d e r in g the produ ction o f a re p la c e m e n t p a rt by a m a ch in e shop o r sending o f the m a ch in e to a m a ch in e shop fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s ; p re p a r in g w r itte n s p e c ific a tio n s fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r fo r the p rod u ction o f p a rts o r d e r e d fr o m m a ch in e shops; re a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m ak in g a ll n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm en ts fo r o p era tio n . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f a m a in ten a n ce m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s rounded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . E x clu d ed fr o m th is c la s s ific a tio n a re w o r k e r s w h o se p r im a r y du ties in v o lv e settin g up o r adju sting m a ch in es. M IL L W R IG H T In s ta lls new m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m en t, and d is m a n tle s and in s ta lls m a c h in e s o r h eavy equ ipm ent when ch an ges in the plant layou t a r e r e q u ire d . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and la y in g out o f the w o rk ; in te r p r e tin g b lu e p rin ts o r o th er s p e c ific a tio n s ; using a v a r ie t y o f handtools and rig g in g ; m akin g stan d ard shop com p u tation s re la tin g to s t r e s s e s , s tre n g th o f m a t e r ia ls , and c e n te rs o f g r a v it y ; alig n in g and b a la n cin g o f equ ip m en t; s e le c tin g .sta n d a rd to o ls , e q u ip m en t, and p a rts to be used; and in s ta llin g and m a in ta in in g in g ood o r d e r p o w e r tra n s m is s io n equ ip m en t such as d r iv e s and sp eed r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t 's w o rk n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rou nded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in the tr a d e a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . F a b r ic a t e s , in s ta lls , and m a in ta in s in g o o d r e p a ir the s h e e t - m e t a l eq u ip m en t and fix t u r e s (such as m a ch in e gu ard s, g r e a s e pans, s h e lv e s , l o c k e r s , ta n k s, v e n t ila t o r s , c h u tes, du cts, m e t a l r o o fin g ) o f an e s ta b lish m en t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : P la n n in g and la y in g out a ll ty p e s o f s h e e tm e ta l m a in ten an ce w o rk fr o m b lu e p rin ts , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c ific a t io n s ; s e ttin g up and o p e ra tin g a ll a v a ila b le typ es o f s h e e t-m e ta l w o rk in g m a c h in e s ; using a v a r ie t y o f h an d tools in cu ttin g , b en d in g, fo r m in g , shaping, fittin g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s ta llin g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t ic le s as r e q u ir e d . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in ten an ce s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s rou nded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ire d through a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . T O O L A N D DIE M A K E R C o n stru cts and r e p a ir s ji g s , fix t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o ls , g a u g e s , o r m e ta l d ie s o r m o ld s u sed in shaping o r fo rm in g m e ta l o r n o n - m e ta llic m a t e r ia l (e . g . , p la s t ic , p la s t e r , ru b b e r, g la s s ). W o rk ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s : Plan n in g and la y in g out w o r k a c c o rd in g to m o d e ls , b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , o r o th e r w ritte n o r o r a l s p e c ific a tio n s ; u n derstan din g the w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s o f co m m o n m e ta ls and a llo y s ; s e le c tin g a p p ro p ria te m a t e r ia ls , to o ls , and p r o c e s s e s r e q u ir e d to c o m p le te ta sk ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y shop com pu tation; settin g up and o p e ra tin g v a r io u s m a ch in e t o o ls and r e la te d eq u ip m en t; usin g v a r io u s t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's handtools and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; w o r k in g to v e r y c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; h e a t-tr e a tin g m e ta l p a rts and fin is h e d t o o ls and d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a litie s ; fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p arts to p r e s c r ib e d t o le r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s . In g e n e r a l, t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's w o rk r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ire d th ro u g h fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r eq u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . F o r c r o s s - in d u s tr y w a ge study p u r p o s e s , th is c la s s ific a t io n d o e s not in c lu d e t o o l and die m a k e r s w ho (1) a re e m p lo y e d in to o l and d ie jo b b in g shops o r (2 ) p ro d u ce fo r g in g d ie s (d ie s in k e r s ). CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT GUARD AND W A TC H M E N L A B O R E R , M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G G u a rd . P e r f o r m s ro u tin e p o lic e d u ties, e it h e r at fix e d p o st o r on to u r , m a in ta in in g o r d e r , using, a rm s o r fo r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y . In clu d es gu a rd s who a re sta tion ed at g a te and ch eck on id en tity o f e m p lo y e e s and o th er p e rs o n s e n t e r in g . A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a re h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu rin g p la n t, s t o r e , o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t w h ose d u ties in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : L o a d in g and u n loadin g v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and m e rc h a n d is e on o r fr o m fr e ig h t c a r s , tru c k s , o r o th e r t r a n s p o r tin g d e v ic e s ; u npacking, s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g m a t e r ia ls o r m e rc h a n d is e in p r o p e r s to r a g e lo c a tio n ; and tr a n s p o r tin g m a t e r ia ls o r m e rc h a n d is e by h an dtru ck, c a r, o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o re w o r k e r s , who lo a d and unload sh ips a r e e x c lu d e d . W atch m an . and ille g a l en try . M a k es rounds o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p r o te c tin g p r o p e r ty a ga in st f i r e , th e ft, J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R C lea n s and k eep s in an o r d e r ly con d ition fa c t o r y w o rk in g a re a s and w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m is e s o f an o ffic e , ap a rtm en t h ou se, o r c o m m e r c ia l o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t. D u ties in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n of the fo llo w in g : S w eep in g, m oppin g o r s cru b b in g , and p o lis h in g f lo o r s ; r e m o v in g c h ip s, tr a s h , and o th e r re fu s e ; dusting equ ip m en t, fu r n itu r e , o r fix tu r e s ; p o lis h in g m e ta l fix tu r e s o r t r im m in g s ; p ro v id in g su p p lies and m in o r m a in ten a n ce s e r v ic e s ; and c le a n in g la v a t o r ie s , s h o w e rs , and r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s who s p e c ia liz e in w in dow w ashing a r e e x c lu d e d . O R D E R F IL L E R F ills shipping o r t r a n s fe r o r d e r s fo r fin is h e d g o o d s f r o m s to r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o rd a n c e w ith s p e c ific a tio n s on s a le s s lip s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s tr u c tio n s . M a y , in a d d ition to fillin g o r d e r s and in d ica tin g ite m s f i l l e d o r o m itte d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f ou tgoin g o r d e r s , re q u is itio n a d d itio n a l stock o r r e p o r t sh ort su p p lies to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r f o r m o th e r r e la t e d d u ties. P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p rod u cts fo r sh ip m en t o r s to r a g e by p la c in g th e m in sh ippin g c o n ta in e r s , the s p e c ific o p e ra tio n s p e r fo r m e d b ein g dependent upon the ty p e , s iz e , and n u m b er o f units to be p a ck ed , the typ e o f c o n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , and m eth o d o f sh ip m en t. W o rk r e q u ir e s the p la c in g o f ite m s in sh ippin g co n ta in ers and m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the f o llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f v a r io u s ite m s o f stock in order to verily content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded. SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other m aterials. Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary records and files. F or wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows: Receiving clerk Shipping clerk Shipping and receiving clerk TRUCKDRIVER Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport materials, merchandise, equipment, or workers between various types of establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Sales-route and over-the-road drivers are excluded. follows: For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and type of equipment, as (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the basis of tra iler capacity.) Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately) Truckdriver, light (under l*/i tons) Truckdriver, medium ( l l/j to and including 4 tons) Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, tra iler type) Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than tra iler type) TRUCKER, POWER Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment. For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck, as follows: Trucker, power (forklift) Trucker, power (other than forklift) WAREHOUSEMAN As directed, performs a variety of warehousing duties which require an understanding of the establishment's storage plan. Work involves most of the following: Verifying materials (or merchandise) against receiving documents, noting and reporting discrepancies and obvious damages; routing materials to prescribed storage locations; storing, stacking, or palletizing materials in accordance with prescribed storage methods; rearranging and taking inventory of stored materials; examining stored materials and reporting deterioration and damage; removing material from storage and preparing it for shipment. May operate hand or power trucks in performing warehousing duties. Exclude workers whose primary duties involve shipping and receiving work (see shipping and receiving clerk and packer, shipping), order filling (see order fille r), or operating power trucks (see trucker, power). Available On Request— The following areas are surveyed periodically for use in administering the Service Contract Act of 1965. any of the BLS regional offices shown on the back cover. Alaska Albany, Ga. Albuquerque, N. Mex, Alexandria, La. Alpena, Standish, and Tawas City, Mich. Ann Arbor, Mich. Asheville, N.C. Atlantic City, N.J. Augusta, Ga.— S.C. Bakersfield, Calif. Baton Rouge, La. Battle Creek, Mich. Beaumont— Port Arthuiv-Orange, Tex. Biloxi— Gulfport and Pascagoula, Miss. Boise City, Idaho Bremerton, Wash. Bridgeport, Norwalk, and Stamford, Conn. Brunswick, Ga. Burlington, Vt.— Y. N. Cape Cod, Mass. Cedar Rapids, Iowa Champaign— Urbana— Rantoul, 111. Charleston, S.C. Charlotte— Gastonia, N.C. Cheyenne, Wyo. Clarksville— Hopkinsville, Tenn.— Ky. Colorado Springs, Colo. Columbia, S.C. Columbus, Ga.— Ala. Columbus, Miss. Crane, Ind. Decatur, 111 . Des Moines, Iowa Dothan, Ala. Duluth— Superior, Minn.— Wis. El Paso, Tex., and Alamogordo— Las Cruces, N. Mex. Eugene— Springfield, Oreg. Fayetteville, N.C. Fitchburg— Leominster, Mass. Fort Smith, Ark.— Okla. Fort Wayne, Ind. Frederick— Hagerstown, Md.— Chambersburg, Pa.— Martinsburg, W. Va. Gadsden and Anniston, Ala. Goldsboro, N.C. Grand Island— Hastings, Nebr. Great Falls, Mont. Guam, T erritory of Harrisburg— Lebanon, Pa. Huntington— Ashland, W. Va.— Ky.— Ohio Knoxville, Tenn. La Crosse, Wis. Laredo, Tex. Las Vegas, Nev. Lawton, Okla. Lima, Ohio Little Rock— North Little Rock, Ark. Copies of public releases are or w ill be available at no cost while supplies last from Logansport— Peru, Ind. Lorain— Elyria, Ohio Lower Eastern Shore, Md.— Va.— Del. Lynchburg, Va. Macon, Ga. Madison, Wis. Mansfield, Ohio Marquette, Escanaba, Sault Ste. Marie, Mich. McAllen— Pharr— Edinburg and Brownsville— Harlingen— San Benito, Tex. Medford— Klamath Falls— Grants Pass, Oreg. Meridian, Miss. Middlesex, Monmouth, and Ocean Cos., N.J. Mobile and Pensacola, Ala.— Fla. Montgomery, Ala. Nashville— Davidson, Tenn. New Bern— Jacksonville, N.C. New London— Norwich, Conn.— R.I. North Dakota, State of Orlando, Fla. Oxnard— Simi Valley— Ventura, Calif. Panama City, Fla. Parkersburg— Marietta, W. Va.— Ohio Peoria, 111. Phoenix, A riz. Pine Bluff, Ark. Pocatello— Idaho Falls, Idaho Portsmouth, N.H.— Maine— Mass. Pueblo, Colo. Puerto Rico Reno, Nev. Richland— Kennewick— Walla Walla— Pendleton, Wash.— Oreg. Riverside— San Bernardino— Ontario, Calif. Salina, Kans. Salinas— Seaside— Monterey, Calif. Sandusky, Ohio Santa Barbara— Santa Maria— Lompoc, Calif. Savannah, Ga. Selma, Ala. Sherman— Denison, Tex. Shreveport, La. Sioux Falls, S. Dak. Spokane, Wash. Springfield, 111 . Springfield— Chicopee— Holyoke, Mass.— Conn. Stockton, Calif. Tacoma, Wash. Tampar-St. Petersburg, Fla. Topeka, Kans. Tucson, Ariz. Tulsa, Okla. Vallejo-Fairfield— Napa, Calif. Waco and Killeen— Temple, Tex. Waterloo— Cedar Falls, Iowa West Texas Plains Wilmington, Del.— N.J.— Md. An annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, chief accountants, attorneys, job analysts, directors of personnel, buyers, chemists, engineers, engineering technicians, drafters, and clerical employees is available. Order as BLS Bulletin 1837, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Technical, and C lerical Pay, March 1974, $1.40 a copy, from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the back cover, or from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402. Area Wage Surveys A lis t o f the la test available bulletins o r bulletin supplements is presented below. A d ire c to ry o f area w age studies including m o re lim ited studies conducted at the request of the Employment Standards A dm in istration o f the Departm ent o f Labor is available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from any of the BLS region a l o ffices shown on the back co ver. Bulletin supplements m ay be obtained without cost, w here indicated, fro m BLS regional o ffices . A re a Bulletin number and p rice* Akron, Ohio, D ec. 1974 _________________ _____________________________________________ Suppl. F ree A lban y-S ch en ectady-Troy, N .Y ., Sept.1974 _________________________________________ Suppl. F ree Albuquerque, N. M ex., M a r. 1974 2 __________________________________________________ Suppl. F ree Allen tow n-B ethlehem -E aston , Pa.—N.J., M ay 1974 2 ________________________________ Suppl. F re e Anaheim -Santa Ana-G arden G ro ve, C a lif., Oct. 1 9 7 4 *____________________________ 1850-9, 85 cents Atlanta, G a „ M ay 197 5*______________________________________________________________ 1850-25, $1.00 Austin, T e x ., D ec. 1974 ______________________________________________________________ Suppl. Free B a ltim o re, Md., Aug. 1974____________________________________________________________Suppl. Free B eau m on t-Port Arthur— range, T e x ., M ay 19742 ___________________________________ Suppl. O Free B illin g s , M ont., July 1975___ ,_____ ___________________________________________________ 1850-46, 65 cents Binghamton, N.Y<— a ., July 1975__________ _____________ ____ ________________ _ P 1850-50, 65 cents Birm ingham , A la ., M a r. 1975__________________________ ___________________________ _ Suppl. Free Boston, M ass., Aug. 1974 ___________________________________________ _________________ Suppl. F ree Buffalo, N .Y ., Oct. 1974 ______________________________________________________________ Suppl. F re e Canton, Ohio, M ay 197 5 ____ . ______ _________ _______ _____________ _____________ Suppl. Free Charleston, W . V a ., M a r. 1974 2 _____________________________________________________ Suppl. F ree C h arlotte, N .C ., Jan. 1974 2 __________________ ______________ ______________ ________ Suppl. F ree Chattanooga, Tenn.— Ga., Sept. 1974_________________ _____________________ ________ Suppl. F ree Chicago, 111., M ay 1975 ____________________________________________ ___________________ 1850-33, 85 cents Cincinnati, Ohio— y,— K Ind., F eb. 1975 ________________________________________________ Suppl. F ree Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1974* _______ ___ ___________________ ________________ _ 1850-17, $1.00 Free Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1974 _____________________ .. __________________________________ Suppl. Corpus C h ris ti, T ex ., July 1975_____________ _______________________________________ 1850-37, 65 cents D allas— o r t W orth, T e x ., Oct. 1974 _________________________________________________Suppl. F F ree D aven port-R ock Island— oline, Io w a -Ill., F e b . 1975 _____________________________ Suppl. M Free Dayton, Ohio. D ec. 1974*______________________________________________________________ 1850-14, 80 cents Daytona Beach, F la ., Aug. 1975______________________________________________________ 1850-47, 65 cents Denver— Bou lder, C olo., D ec. 1 9 7 4 *__________________________________________________ 1850-15, 85 cents Des M oines, Iowa, May 19742 _______________________________________________________ Suppl. F ree D etro it, M ich ., M a r. 1975_____________________________________________________________ 1850-22, 85 cents F o r t Lau derdale— Hollywood and W est P a lm BeachB oca Raton, F la ., A p r. 1975 * _____ ________ _______ _____ _____ ______________ ___ 1850-26, 80 cents F resn o, C a lif.1 3 ______________________________________________________________________ G a in e sville, F la ., Sept. 1 9 7 4 * ________________________________________________________ 1850-11, 75 cents G reen Bay, W is ., July 19751 _____________________________________________ _______ ____ 1850-44, 80 cents G reen sboro-W in ston -S alem -H igh Point, N .C ., Aug. 1975__________________________ 1850-49, 65 cents G re e n v ille , S.C ., June 1975___________ ________ _____________________ _______ ______ 1850-42, 65 cents H a rtfo rd , Conn., M a r. 1 97 5*_________________________________ . . . . _________________ __ 1850-28, 80 cents Houston, T e x ., A p r. 1975______________________________________________________________Suppl. F ree H untsville, A la ., F eb. 1975 ___________________________________________________________ Suppl. F ree Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1974 ___________________________ __________ __ ____________ ____Suppl. F ree Jackson, M is s ., Feb. 1975__________________________________________ __________________ Suppl. F ree J a ckson ville, F la ., Dec. 1974 ________________________________________________________ Suppl. F ree Kansas C ity, Mo<-Kans., Sept. 1974 _________________________________________________Suppl. F ree L aw ren ce— a verh ill, M a ss,— .H ., June1974 2 ______________________________________ Suppl. H N F ree L ex in gton -F a yette, K y ., N ov. 1974 _______________________________________________ __ Suppl. F ree Lois A ngeles—Long Beach, C a lif., Oct. 1974 _________________________________________ Suppl. F ree L o u is v ille , K y .— Ind., N ov. 1 97 4*_____________________________________________________ 1850-12, 80 cents Lubbock, T e x ., M a r. 19742 ___________________________________________________________ Suppl. F ree M elbourne— itu sville-C o c o a , F la ., Aug. 19741 ____________________________________ 1850-5, 75 cents T M em phis, Tenn,— rk.— is s ., N ov. 1974 _______________________________________ A M . Suppl. F ree M iam i, F la ., Oct. 1974 _________ _____________________________________________________Suppl. F ree * 1 2 j Price* are determined by the Government Printing O ffic e and are subject to change. Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented. No longer surveyed, T o be surveyed. A re a Bulletin number and price* Midland and Odessa, Tex., Jan. 19742 ____________________________________________ Suppl. Free Milwaukee, Wis., Apr. 19751______________________________________________________ 1850-21, 85 cents Minneapolis— Paul, Minn,— is., Jan 1975*_____________________________________ 1850-20, $1.05 St. W Muskegon-Muskegon Heights, Mich., June 1974 2 _________________________________ Suppl. Free Nassau— Suffolk, N.Y., June 1975* ____ ____________________________________________ 1850-39, $1.00 Newark, N.J., Jan. 1975*____________________________ _____________________________ 1850-18, $1.00 Newark and Jersey City, N.J., Jan. 19742 ________________________________________ Suppl. Free New Haven, Conn., Jan. 19742 _____________ _________________ _____________________Suppl. Free New Orleans, La., Jan. 1975 _____________________________________________________ Suppl. Free New York, N .Y ^ N .J ., May 1975* ___ _________ ___________________________________ 1850-45, $1.00 Suffolk, N.Y., Apr. 1974 2 ______________________ __________Suppl. Free New York and Nassau— Norfolk— Virginia Beach— Portsmouth, Va,— N.C., May 197 5 _ ___ _________________ 1850-29, 65 cents _ Norfolk— Virginia Beach-Portsmouth and Newport News— Hampton, Va.-N.C., May 1975 ___________________________________________________ 1850-30, 65 cents Northeast Pennsylvania, Aug. 1 9 7 4 '_______________________ ___________________ _ 1850-8, 80 cents _ Oklahoma City, Okla., Aug. 19741 ________________________________________________ 1850-7, 80 cents Omaha, Nebr^Iowa, Oct. 19741 ___________________________________________________ 1850-10, 80 cents Paterson-Clifton— Passaic, N.J., June 1975*________ _____ ____ ___________________ 1850-38. 80 cents Philadelphia, Pa^N .J., Nov. 1974 ________________________________________________ Suppl. Free Phoenix, A riz., June 19742 _______________________________________________________ Suppl. Free Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 1975 ______________ _________________ .. - ..._________ Suppl. Free Portland, Maine, Nov. 1974____________________ _________ ____________________ Suppl. Free Portland, Oreg^Wash., May 1975 ________________________________________________ 1850-40, 75 cents Poughkeepsie, N .Y .1 3_____________________________________________________________ Poughkeepsie-Kingston-Newburgh, N.Y., June 1974 ______________________________ Suppl. Free Providence-Warwick-Pawtucket, R.1,-Mass., June 1975 _________________________ 1850-27, 75 cents Raleigh-Durham, N.C., Feb. 1975 ________________________________________________ Suppl. Free Richmond, Va., June 1975 ________________________________________________________ 1850-41, 65 cents Free Rockford, 111., June 19742 ________________________________________________________ Suppl. St. Louis, M o,— 111., Mar. 1975 __________________________________________ __________Suppl. Free Sacramento, Calif., Dec. 1974* ___________________________________________________ 1850-19, 80 cents Saginaw, Mich., Nov. 1974*________________________________________________________ 1850-16, 75 (cents Salt Lake City— Ogden, Utah, Nov. 1974 _______ ____________________ __________ , Suppl. Free San Antonio, Tex., May 1975 ______________________________________________________ 1850-23, 65 cents San Diego, Calif., Nov. 19741 _____________________________________________________ 1850-13, 80 cents San Francisco-Oakland, Calif., Mar. 19751 ______________________________________ 1850-35, $1.00 San Jose, Calif., Mar. 1975*_______ . . . . . __ 1850-36, 85 cents Savannah, Ga., May 19742 ________________________________________________________ Suppl. Free Seattle-Everett, Wash., Jan. 197 5 ___ . . ___ ...___ ______________ Suppl. Free South Bend, Ind., Mar. 1975 ___________ __________________ ________________________ Suppl. Free Spokane, Wash., June 19742 ......................................................... .......... Suppl. Free Syracuse, N.Y., July 1975 ___ , . __________________________________________________ 1850-43, 65 cents . Toledo, Ohio-Mich., May 1975*___________________________________________________ 1850-34, 80 cents Free Trenton, N.J., Sept. 1974 _________________________________________________________ Suppl. Utica-Rome, N.Y., July 19751_____________________________________________________ 1850-48, 80 cents Washington, D .C ^M d^Va., Mar. 1975*___________________________________________ 1850-31, $1.00 Waterbury, Conn., Mar. 1974 2 ____________________________________________________Suppl. Free Westchester County, N .Y .1 3 _______________________________________ ______________ Wichita, Kans., Apr. 1975_________________________________________________________ Suppl. Free Worcester, Mass., May 19751 ____________________________________________________ 1850-32, 80 cents York, Pa., Feb. 19751 ____________________________________________________________ Suppl. Free Youngstown-Warren, Ohio, Nov. 1973 2 _________________ _ Suppl. Free THIRD CLASS MAIL U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR POSTAGE AND FEES PAID BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS WASHINGTON, D.C. 20212 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR OFFICIAL BUSINESS PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE $300 LAB - 441 B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T I S T I C S R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S R e gion I R e gion II 1603 J F K F e d e ra l B u ild in g G o v e rn m e n t C e n te r B o sto n , Mass. 0 2 2 0 3 P h o n e :2 23-6 76 1 (A re a C o de 6 1 7) S u ite 34 0 0 15 1 5 B ro a d w a y N e w Y o rk , N .Y . 100 3 6 P h o n e :9 7 1 - 5 4 0 5 (A re a C o d e 2 1 2 ) C o n n e c tic u t M ain e M assachusetts N e w H a m p s h ire R h o d e Is la n d V e rm o n t N e w Jersey N ew Y o rk P u e rto R ic o V ir g in Islands R e gion V 9 t h F lo o r, 2 30 S. D e a rb o rn St. C h icago , III. 606 04 P h o n e :3 5 3 -1 8 8 0 (A re a C o d e 3 1 2 ) Illin o is In d ia n a M ic h ig a n M in n e s o ta O io forhFRASER W iscon sin Digitized R e g io n V I R e g io n I II R e g io n IV P.O. B o x 13 309 P h ila d e lp h ia , Pa. 1910 1 P h o n e : 5 9 6 1 1 5 4 (A re a C o d e 2 1 5 ) D e la w a re D is tr ic t o f C o lu m b ia M a ry la n d P e n n sylva n ia V irg in ia W est V irg in ia R e gions V I I a n a V I I I S e cond F lo o r 5 5 5 G r i f f in S q uare B u ild in g D allas, T e x . 752 02 P h o n e : 749 -35 1 6 (A re a C o d e 2 1 4 ) F ed era l O ff ic e B u ild in g 911 W a ln u t S t., 15 th F lo o r Kansas C ity , M o . 6 4 1 0 6 P h o n e :3 7 4 -2 4 8 1 (A re a C o de 8 1 6 ) L o u is ia n a le w M e x ic o O k la h o m a T exas V II Io w a Kansas M is s o u ri N ebraska V III C o lo ra d o M o n ta n a N o rth D a k o ta S o u th D a k o ta U ta h W y o m in g S u ite 540 1371 Peachtree St. N .E. A tla n ta , Ga. 30309 P h o n e :5 2 6 -5 4 1 8 (A re a C ode 4 0 4 ) A labam a F lo rid a G eorgia K e n tu c k y M ississippi N o rth C a ro lin a S o u th C a ro lin a T ennessee Regions IX a n d X 4 5 0 G o ld e n G ate Ave. B o x 3 60 17 San F ran c is c o , C a lif. 9 4 1 0 2 P h o n e :5 5 6 -4 6 7 8 (A re a C o de 41 5 ) IX A riz o n a C a lifo rn ia H a w aii Nevada X A laska Id a h o O reg on W a s h in g to n