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I* re '-V 7

AREA WAGE SURVEY
Daytona Beach, Florida, Metropolitan Area
August 1975
Bulletin 1850-47




U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
_
Bureau of Labor Statistics




P re fa c e
This bulletin provides results of an August 1975 survey of occupational earnings in
the Daytona Beach, Florida, Standard Metropolitan Statistical A re a (Volusia County), The
survey was made as part of the Bureau of Labor Statistics' annual area wage survey program .
The program is designed to yield data for individual metropolitan areas, as w ell as national
and regional estimates for all Standard Metropolitan Ststistical A reas in the United States,
excluding Alaska and Hawaii.
A major consideration in the area wage survey program is the need to describe the
level and movement of wages in a variety of labor markets, through the analysis of (1) the
level and distribution of wages by occupation, and (2) the movement of wages by occupational
category and skill level. The program develops information that may be used for many
purposes, including wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and assistance
in determining plant location. Survey results also are used by the U.S. Department of
Labor to make wage determinations under the Service Contract Act of 1965.
Currently, 83 areas are included in the program . (See list of areas on inside back
cover.) In each area, occupational earnings data are collected annually. Information on
establishment practices and supplementary wage benefits is obtained every third year.
Each year after all individual area wage surveys have been completed, two summary
bulletins are issued. The first brings together data for each metropolitan area surveyed. The
second summary bulletin presents national and regional estimates, projected from individual
metropolitan area data.
The Daytona Beach survey was conducted by the Bureau's regional office in Atlanta,
G a„ under the general direction of Donald M. Cruse, Associate Assistant Regional Director
for Operations. The survey could not have been accomplished without the cooperation of the
many firm s whose wage and salary data provided the basis for the statistical information in
this bulletin. The Bureau wishes to express sincere appreciation for the cooperation received.

AREA WAGE SURVEY

Bulletin 1850-47

U.S. D E P A R T M E N T OF LA BO R, John T . Dunlop, Secretary

November 1975

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S , Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

Daytona Beach, Florida, Metropolitan Area, August 1975
CONTENTS

Pag

Introduction_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

2

Tables:
A . Earnings:
A - 1. Weekly earnings of office workers________________________________________________________________________________________
A -2 . Weekly earnings of professional and technical w o rk e rs_________________________________________________________________
A -3 . Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex ____________________________________
A -4 . Hourly earnings of maintenance and powerplant w o rk e rs_______________________________________________________________
A -5 . Hourly earnings of custodial and material movement w o rk e rs____________________________________________________ ______
A -6 . Average hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant, custodial, and m aterial movementworkers, by se x ________
A -7 . Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected occupational groups, adjusted for employmentshifts..
7
Appendix A . Scope and method of survey_______________________________________________________________________________________________
Appendix B. Occupational descriptions_________________________________________________________________________________________________




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3
4
5

5
6

8
10

Introduction
and material movement. In the 31 largest survey areas, tables A - la
through A -6 a provide sim ilar data for establishments employing 500
workers or more.

This area is 1 of 83 in which the U.S. Department of Labor's
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings and
related benefits on an areawide basis. In this area, data were ob­
tained by a combination of personal visit, m ail questionnaire, and
telephone interview. Representative establishments within six broad
industry divisions were contacted: Manufacturing; transportation, com­
munication, and other other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail
trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. M ajor industry
groups excluded from these studies are government operations and
the construction and extractive industries. Establishments having fewer
than a prescribed number of workers are omitted because of insufficient
employment in the occupations studied. Separate tabulations are provided
for each of the broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

Following the occupational wage tables is table A - 7 which
provides percent changes in average earnings of office clerical w ork­
ers, electronic data processing w orkers, industrial nurses, skilled
maintenance workers, and unskilled plant workers. This measure of
wage trends eliminates changes in average earnings caused by employ­
ment shifts among establishments as w ell as turnover of establishments
included in survey samples. Where possible, data are presented fo r all
industries, manufacturing, and nonmanufacturing. Appendix A discusses
this wage trend measure.

A -se rie s tables

Appendixes

Tables A - 1 through A-6 provide estimates of straight-time
hourly or weekly earnings for workers in occupations common to a
variety of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupations
were selected from the following categories: (a) Office clerical, (b) pro­
fessional and technical, (c) maintenance and powerplant, and (d) custodial

This bulletin has two appendixes. Appendix A describes the
methods and concepts used in the area wage survey program and
provides information on the scope of the survey. Appendix B provides
job descriptions used by Bureau field economists to classify w orkers in
occupations for which straight-time earnings information is presented.




A. Earnings
Table A-1. W eekly earnings of office workers in Daytona Beach, Fla., August 1975
W eekly earnings 1
(standard)

O ccu p a tion and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly ea rn in g s o f—
%

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

%
80

and
u n d er

Middle ranged

85

%

%

%
%
%
95 100
105

85

90

_

_

_

_

90

95

100

%
110

105___l i O

_

_

$

S

s

s

I

$

5

$

s----1--- 5—

%
115

$
120

125

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

180

19Q

2 qq

21q

22 q

23 q

ovgr

15
12
3

19
19
-

8
7
1

_
115

and

ALL WORKERS
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING,
NONMANUFACTURING

26
22

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
1 7 4 .0 0
1 7 3 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS d
MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING — ----------

78
23
55

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 2 .5 0
1 4 2 .0 0
1 1 4 .5 0

120.00 1 0 6 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0
1 1 3 .5 0

106
63
43

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 5 0 .5 0
1 6 0 .0 0
1 3 6 .5 0

24
15

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 5 2 .0 0
1 2 8 .5 0

SECRETARIES -------------MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING
SEC RETARIES, CLASS 6
NONMANUFACTURING —
SEC RETARIES,

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS
NONMANUFACTURING —

2

1
1
10
5
5

13

9

1 2 5 .5 0 1 0 0 .0 0 -

1 3 5 ,0 0
1 4 1 .5 0
1 2 6 .0 0

10

2

3

7

1 4 2 .0 0
1 6 6 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0

1 3 0 .5 0 1 3 2 .0 0 1 1 6 .5 0 -

1 7 6 .0 0
1 7 6 .0 0
1 4 0 .0 0

5
3
2

25
13

7
1

12

6

1 3 5 .0 0
130 .0 0

1 2 9 .5 0 1 2 8 .5 0 -

1 8 9 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0

1 6 2 .0 0

1 7 6 .0 0

1 4 4 .0 0 -

1 7 6 .0 0

1 4 0 .5 0
1 4 3 .0 0

1 3 2 .0 0
1 3 2 .0 0

1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 2 .0 0 -

1 5 7 .5 0
1 6 0 .0 0

<♦0.5 1 0 9 .5 0
4 1 .0 1 0 5 .5 0

9 9 .0 0
9 2 .0 0

9 0 .0 0 9 0 .0 0 -

CLASS C

SEC RETARIES, CLASS 0
MANUFACTURING ----------

$
$
1 5 8 .0 0 1 5 8 .5 0 -

1 8 7 .0 0
1 8 3 .5 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 6 5 .0 0
1 6 5 .0 0

1

1 1 7 .5 0
1 0 5 .0 0

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .

Table A -2 . W eekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Daytona Beach, Fla., August 1975
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

O ccu p ation and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard'

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—
205

Mean *

Median *

S ee fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le s .




©

21

o

ALL WORKERS
CLASS A --------------------------------

215

220

225

230

235

240

245

250

255

260

265

270

275

280

285

290

295

215

220

225

230

235

240

245

250

255

260

265

270

275

280

285

290

295

300

-

2

2

-

-

1

-

1

-

2

-

2

1

u nder
210

DRAFTERS,

210

M iddle range*

$
2 4 6 .5 0

$
$
$
2 3 6 .5 0 2 2 2 .0 0 -2 7 2 .0 0 1

2

6

2

-

Annas
(mean*)

Average
(m ean2 )

Sex, o ccu p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv is io n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

Number
of
workers

W eakly
hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings1
(standard)

WOMEN
22
18

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

SECRETARIES -------------------------------------------

106

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings1
(standard)

Average
(m ean 2 )

Sex, occu p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

39 *"

NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

78
23
55

$
1 6 4 .0 0
1C1.^ 0

Sex, occu p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

CLERKS.

ACCOUNTING,

CLASS A ------------

4 0 .0

00
1 1 4 .5 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 5 0 .5 0
1 6 0 .0 0
1 3 6 .5 0

35
30

S E C R E T A R IE ii

^3

wL A

1^3*00

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




1 0 9 .5 0
1 0 5 .5 0

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

CLASS C

a u v K u I Art 1C j s

4 0 .5
4 1 .0

E a rn in g s data in ta b le A - 3 r e la t e o n ly to w o r k e r s w h ose sex
id e n tific a tio n w a s p r o v id e d by the esta b lis h m e n t.
E a rn in g s data in
ta b le s A - l and A - 2 , on the o th er hand, r e la te to a ll w o r k e r s in an
occu p a tion .
(S ee ap p en d ix A fo r p u b lica tion c r it e r ia .)

*"o

Hourly earnings3

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly ea rn in g s o f—

Mean 2

M edian2

i
4 .2 0

1
4 .3 0

S
4 .4 0

5
4 .5 0

1
4 .6 0

1
4 .7 0

5
4 .8 0

1
4 .9 0

$
5 .0 0

S
5 .1 0

$
5 .2 0

s
5 .3 0

$
5 .4 0

$
5 .5 0

$
5 .6 0

$
5 .7 0

5
5 .8 0

i
5 .9 o

4 .2 0

4 .3 0

4 .4 0

4 .5 0

4 .6 0

4 .7 0

4 .8 0

4 .9 0

5 .0 0

5 .1 0

5 .2 0

5 .3 0

5 .4 0

5 .5 0

5.6(1 5 .7 0

5 .8 0

5 .9 0

6 .0 0

I

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv is io n

$
4 .1 0

4-

1
4 .0 0

Number

and
u n der

Middle range 2

4 .1 0

ALL WORKERS
AUTOMOTIVE

rvj

i

I

l

I

I

l

l

l

l

$
S.7<+

l

$
4 .0 9 -

l

$
4 .6 9

l

$
4 .8 2

o

22

ro

MECHANICS.

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le s .

Table A -5 .

Hourly earnings of custodial and material movement workers in Daytona Beach, Fla., August 1975
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t- tim e h o u rly ea rn in g s o f—

Hourly earnings3

of
workers

$
2 .3 0

4
2 .4 0

$
2 .5 0

4
2 .6 0

%
2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0

i
2 .9 0

4
3 .0 0

$
3 .1 0

4
3 .2 0

4
$
3 .3 0 3 .4 0

4
3 .5 0

2 .2 0

O ccu pation and in d u stry d iv is io n

i
2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0 3 .5 0

.l-P.O- 3 .7 0

$
2 .1 0

Number
M ean2

Median2

Middle range 2

4
3 .6 0

4
3 .7 0

4
3 .8 0

*
>
S
B
3 . 90 4 .0 0

4
4 .2 0

4
4 .4 0

4

and
under
3 . dQ 3 .9 0 J u SIS. 4 .2 0

4 . h 0 4 .6 0

4,8Q

-

-

ALL WORKERS
JA N IT O R S . PORTERS. AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

129
bb
73

$
2 .8 3
3 .0 9
2 .6 3

$
2 .9 3
3 .0 7
2 .5 0

$
2 .3 5 2 .9 0 2 .1 0 -

$
3 .2 o
3 .3 6
3 .0 0

24

d
4

24

4

3
3

2
2
"

9
1
8

15
6
9

2
2

1
1
“

13
10
3

RECEIVING CLERKS ----------------------------------

16

3 .6 5

3 .7 7

3 .4 4 -

4 . 13

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

1

-

TRUCKDRIVERS ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

63
55

3 .2 5
3 .1 6

3 .1 5
3 .1 5

3 .1 5 3 .1 5 -

3 .6 3
3 .3 9

-

.

3
3

2
2

1

4
4

4
4

-

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




1

6
4
2

9
6
3

10
8
2

*

-

11
5
6

-

-

-

28
28

-

-

1

1
1

-

1

8

-

*

8

1

5
5

4

-

1

1

3

1

1

1

10
10

1
1

2

1
1

2
2

-

_

3

-

1
1

m a in t e n a n c e

an d

Number
of
workers

Average
(m ean2 )
hourly
earnings3

po w erplant

OCCUPATIONS -

Sex, occu pation , and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
(m ean 2 )
hourly
earnings3

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

MEN

22

117

$
2 *8 5

NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

a u t o m o t iv e

AND CLEANERS -----

68

2 .6 7

TRUCKDRIVERS ----------------------------------------

MECHANICS,

rvi
CD




Sex, o ccu p ation , and in d u stry d iv is io n

60

3 .2 9

JA N ITO R S .

PORTERS.

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .

E a rn in g s data in ta b le A - 6 r e la t e o n ly to w o r k e r s w h ose sex
id e n tific a tio n w a s p ro v id e d by the e s ta b lish m en t.
E a rn in g s data in
ta b le s A - 4 and A - 5 , on the o th er hand, r e la t e to a ll w o r k e r s in an
o ccu p ation .
(S ee ap p en d ix A fo r p u b lica tio n c r it e r ia . )

Table A-7.

Percent increase in average hourly earnings for selected

occupational groups, adjusted for em ploym ent shifts
NOTE:
P e r c e n t in c r e a s e s in h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r
s e le c te d
o ccu p ation al g ro u p s , o r d in a r ily shown in ta b le A - 7 , a r e not a v a ila b le
fo r the D aytona B each a r e a sin ce data do not m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r ia .
R e fe r e n c e to ta b le A - 7
not apply to th is a r e a .

in the standard te x t o f the b u lle tin does

Footnotes
1
to th e s e
1
and h a lf
3

S tan dard h ou rs r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s tr a ig h t- tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f p ay f o r o v e r tim e at r e g u la r and/or p r e m iu m r a t e s ), and the ea rn in gs c o rre s p o n d
w e e k ly h o u rs.
T h e m ean is co m p u ted f o r e a c h jo b b y to ta lin g the e a rn in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y the n u m b er o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a te s p o s itio n — h a lf o f the e m p lo y e e s s u rv e y e d r e c e iv e m o r e
r e c e iv e l e s s than th e r a te shown.
T h e m id d le ra n ge is d e fin e d by 2 r a te s o f p a y; a fou rth o f the w o r k e r s e a rn l e s s than the lo w e r o f th e s e ra te s and a fo u rth e a rn m o r e than the h ig h e r rate.
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p ay f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w e ek en d s, h o lid a y s , a n d 'la t e s h ifts .




Appendix A
A r e a w a g e and r e la t e d b e n e fits data a re ob ta in ed by p e r s o n a l v is it s o f B u re a u f ie ld r e p r e s e n t ­
a tiv e s at 3 - y e a r in t e r v a ls . 1 In e a c h o f th e in te r v e n in g y e a r s , in fo rm a tio n on e m p lo y m e n t and
o ccu p ation al e a rn in g s is c o lle c t e d b y a c o m b in a tio n o f p e r s o n a l v is it ; m a il q u e s tio n n a ir e , and telep h o n e
in te r v ie w fr o m e s ta b lis h m e n ts p a r tic ip a tin g in the p r e v io u s s u rv e y .
In ea ch o f the 83 2 a r e a s c u r r e n t ly s u r v e y e d , data a re o b ta in ed f r o m r e p r e s e n ta tiv e e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b ro a d in d u s try d iv is io n s : M a n u fa ctu rin g ; tr a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er
p u b lic u tilitie s ; w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r
in d u stry grou p s e x c lu d e d fr o m th e s e stu d ies a re g o v e rn m e n t o p e ra tio n s and the c o n s tru c tio n and
e x t r a c t iv e in d u s trie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d
b eca u se o f in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the occu p a tio n s stu died.
S e p a ra te ta b u la tio n s a re p r o v id e d fo r
each o f the b r o a d in d u s try d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r ia .
T h e s e s u rv e y s a r e con d u cted on a s a m p le b a s is .
T h e s a m p lin g p ro c e d u r e s in v o lv e d e ta ile d
s tr a tific a tio n o f a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in th e s co p e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y by in d u s try and n u m b er
o f e m p lo y e e s . F r o m th is s t r a t ifie d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ility s a m p le is s e le c te d , w ith ea ch e s ta b lis h m e n t
h avin g a p re d e te r m in e d chan ce o f s e le c tio n . T o obtain o p tim u m a c c u ra c y at m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r
p ro p o rtio n o f la r g e than s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c te d . W hen data a r e co m b in e d , e a ch e s ta b lis h m e n t
is w eig h ted a c c o rd in g to its p r o b a b ility o f s e le c tio n , so that u n biased e s tim a te s a r e g e n e ra te d .
For
e x a m p le , i f one out o f fo u r e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c te d , it is g iv e n a w e ig h t o f fo u r to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f
plus th re e o th e rs . An a lte rn a te o f th e sam e o r ig in a l p r o b a b ility is ch osen in th e s a m e in d u s t r y - s iz e
c la s s ific a tio n i f data a r e not a v a ila b le f o r the o r ig in a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
I f n o su ita b le su bstitu te is
a v a ila b le , ad d itio n a l w e ig h t is a s s ig n e d to a s a m p le m e m b e r that is s im ila r to th e m is s in g unit.
O ccu pation s and E a rn in g s
O ccu pation s s e le c te d f o r study a r e co m m o n to a v a r ie t y o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and n on m an u factu rin g
in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f the fo llo w in g ty p e s :
(1 ) O ffic e c le r ic a l; (2 ) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (3 )
m ain ten an ce and p o w e rp la n t; and (4 ) c u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t. O c c u p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n is
b a sed on a u n ifo rm set o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d e s ig n e d to tak e account o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n
in du ties w ithin the sam e jo b . O ccu p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study a re lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d in appendix B.
U n less o th e rw is e in d ic a te d , th e e a rn in g s data fo llo w in g the jo b t it le s a re fo r a ll in d u s tr ie s com b in ed .
E a rn in g s data f o r so m e o f the occu p a tio n s lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u s try d iv is io n s w ithin
occu p ation s, a r e not p r e s e n te d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b le s , b eca u se e it h e r (1 ) e m p lo y m e n t in th e occu pation
is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough d a ta to m e r it p re s e n ta tio n , o r (2 ) t h e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e of
in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t data. S e p a ra te m e n 's and w o m e n 's e a rn in g s data a re not p r e s e n te d when the
n u m b er o f w o r k e r s not id e n tifie d b y s e x is 20 p e r c e n t o r m o r e o f the m en o r w o m en id e n tifie d in an
occupation.
E a rn in g s data not shown s e p a r a te ly fo r in d u stry d iv is io n s a r e in clu d ed in a ll in d u s trie s
co m b in ed data, w h e r e shown.
L ik e w is e , d a ta a re in clu d ed in the o v e r a ll c la s s ific a t io n when a sub­
c la s s ific a tio n o f e le c t r o n ic s te c h n ic ia n s , s e c r e t a r ie s , o r tr u c k d r iv e r s is not shown o r in fo rm a tio n to
s u b c la s s ify is not a v a ila b le .
O ccu p ation al e m p lo y m e n t and e a rn in g s data a re shown fo r fu ll- t im e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o se h ir e d
to w o rk a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h ed u le. E a rn in g s data e x clu d e p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on
w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts . N on p ro d u ctio n bonu ses a re e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - liv in g a llo w a n c e s
and in c e n tiv e bon u ses a r e in clu d ed .
W e e k ly h o u rs f o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l and p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l
occu p ation s r e f e r to the sta n d a rd w o r k w e e k (rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r) f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s
r e c e iv e re g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r an d / or p r e m iu m r a te s ).
A v e r a g e w e e k ly ea rn in g s fo r th e s e occu p a tio n s a r e rounded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e th e l e v e l o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s in an a r e a at a p a r t ic u la r t im e .
C o m p a ris o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r tim e m a y not r e f le c t e x p e c te d w a g e ch a n ges.
T h e a v e ra g e s f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s a r e a ffe c te d by ch an ges in w a g e s and e m p lo y m e n t p a tte rn s .
For
e x a m p le , p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y h ig h - o r lo w - w a g e f ir m s m a y ch a n ge, o r h ig h -w a g e
w o r k e r s m ay a d van ce to b e t t e r jo b s and be r e p la c e d b y n ew w o r k e r s at lo w e r ra te s .
Such s h ifts in
em p lo ym en t cou ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e e v e n though m o s t e s ta b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a
in c r e a s e w a g e s du rin g the y e a r .
T r e n d s in e a rn in g s o f o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p q , shown in ta b le A - 7 ,
a re b e tte r in d ic a to r s o f w a g e tr e n d s than in d iv id u a l jo b s w ith in the g ro u p s .

A v e r a g e ea rn in g s r e fle c t c o m p o s ite , a re a w id e e s t im a t e s . In d u s trie s and e s ta b lis h m e n ts d if f e r
in p ay l e v e l and jo b s ta ffin g , and thus c o n trib u te d iffe r e n t ly to th e e s tim a te s f o r e a c h jo b .
Pay
a v e r a g e s m a y f a il to r e fle c t a c c u ra te ly the w a g e d iffe r e n t ia l am on g jo b s in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
A v e r a g e pay le v e ls fo r m en and w o m en in s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n s sh ou ld n ot b e a s s u m e d to
r e f le c t d iffe r e n c e s in pay o f th e s e x e s w ith in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts . F a c t o r s w h ic h m a y c o n trib u te
to d iffe r e n c e s in clu d e p r o g r e s s io n w ith in e s ta b lis h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s in c e on ly th e r a te s p a id in cu m b en ts
a r e c o lle c te d , and p e r fo r m a n c e o f s p e c ific d u ties w ith in th e g e n e r a l s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip tio n s .
Job
d e s c r ip tio n s used to c la s s ify e m p lo y e e s in th e s e s u r v e y s u s u a lly a r e m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th o s e u sed
in in d iv id u a l es ta b lis h m e n ts and a llo w f o r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts in s p e c ific
d u ties p e r fo r m e d .
O ccu p ation al e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t th e t o t a l in a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in th e s co p e
o f th e study and not th e n u m b er a ctu a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e s am ong e s t a b lis h ­
m e n ts d i f f e r , e s tim a te s o f o c cu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in ed f r o m th e s a m p le o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied
s e r v e on ly to in d ic a te the r e la t iv e im p o r ta n c e o f th e jo b s stu d ied . T h e s e d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l
s tru c tu re do not a ffe c t m a t e r ia lly th e a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n in g s data.
W a g e tr e n d s fo r s e le c te d occu p a tio n a l gro u p s
The
Annual r a te s
span b e tw e e n
in c r e a s e d at

p e rc e n ts o f change in ta b le A - 7 r e la t e to w a g e c h a n g es b e tw e e n th e in d ic a te d dates.
o f in c r e a s e , w h e re shown, r e f l e c t the am ount o f in c r e a s e f o r 12 m on th s w hen th e tim e
s u rv e y s w as o th e r than 12 m on th s. Annu al r a te s a r e b a s e d on th e as su m ption th a t w a g e s
a con stan t ra te b etw een s u r v e y s .

O ccu p a tion s used to com pu te w a g e tre n d s a re :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m en and w o m e n ):
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B
C le r k s , accou n tin g, c la s s e s A and B
C le r k s , f i l e , c la s s e s A , B , and C
C le r k s , o r d e r
C le r k s , p a y r o ll
Keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s e s A and B
M essen gers
S e c r e t a r ie s
S te n o g ra p h e rs , g e n e r a l
S te n o g ra p h e rs , s e n io r
S w itch b o a rd o p e ra to rs
T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B
T y p is ts , c la s s e s A and B
E le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g
(m en and w o m e n ):
C o m p u ter o p e r a to r s , c la s s e s A , B , and C
C o m p u ter p r o g r a m m e r s , c la s s e s A , B ,
and C

E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g (m en
and w o m e n )— C on tin u ed
C o m p u te r s y s te m s a n a ly s ts , c la s s e s A ,
B , and C
In d u s tr ia l n u rs e s (m en and w o m e n ):
N u r s e s , in d u s tr ia l (r e g i s t e r e d )
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e (m e n ):
C a r p e n te r s
E le c t r ic ia n s
M a c h in i sts
M e c h a n ic s
M e c h a n ic s (a u to m o tiv e )
P a in t e r s
P ip e f it t e r s
T o o l and d ie m a k e r s
U n s k ille d p lan t (m e n ):
J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s
L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g

P e r c e n t changes fo r in d iv id u a l a re a s in th e p r o g r a m a r e c o m p u te d as fo llo w s :
1. Each occu p ation is a s s ig n e d a w e ig h t b a s e d on it s p r o p o r tio n a te e m p lo y m e n t in th e s e le c te d
g ro u p o f occu p ation s in the b a s e y e a r .
2. T h e s e w e ig h ts a r e u sed to com p u te g ro u p a v e r a g e s .
E a c h o c c u p a tio n 's a v e r a g e (m e a n )
e a rn in g s is m u ltip lie d b y its w e ig h t. T h e p ro d u c ts a r e t o t a le d to ob tain a g ro u p a v e r a g e .
3. Th e r a t io o f gro u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s i s co m p u te d b y d iv id in g th e a v e r a g e
f o r the c u rre n t y e a r b y the a v e r a g e fo r the e a r l i e r y e a r . T h e r e s u lts — e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t— le s s 100
is the p e r c e n t change.
E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c tic e s and s u p p lem en ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s

1 Personal visits were on a 2-year c ycle before July 1972.
2 Included in the 83 areas are 13 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas are Akron, Ohio; Austin, T e x . ; Binghamton,
N .Y . —P a .; Birmingham, A la . ; Fort Lauderdale—H ollywood and West Palm Beach—Boca Raton, F la . ; Lexington—Fayette, K y . ; Melbourne—T itu s v ille Cocoa, F la .; Norfolk—V irgin ia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, Va. —N. C . ; Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N1Y . ; Raleigh—
.
Durham, N. C . ; Syracuse, N . Y . ; Utica—Rom e, N . Y . ; and Westchester County, N .Y . In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies in
approximately 70 areas at the request o f the Employment Standards Administration o f the U.S. Department o f Labor.




T a b u la tio n s on s e le c te d e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s ( B - s e r i e s
t a b le s ) a r e not p r e s e n te d in th is b u lle tin .
In fo r m a tio n f o r th e s e ta b u la tio n s is c o lle c t e d at 3 - y e a r
in t e r v a ls . 1 T h e s e ta b u la tion s on m in im u m e n tra n c e s a la r ie s f o r in e x p e r ie n c e d o f f ic e w o r k e r s ; s h ift
d iffe r e n t ia ls ; sch ed u led w e e k ly h ou rs and d a y s; p a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a tio n s ; and h e a lth , in s u ra n c e , and
p en sio n plan s a re p re s e n te d (in the B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) in p r e v io u s b u lle tin s fo r th is a re a .

Establishments and workers w ithin scope of survey and number studied
in Daytona Beach, F la .,1August 1975

In d u s try d iv is io n 2

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s ta b lis h m en ts in scop e
o f study

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
W ith in sc o p e o f s tu d y 4

W ith in scop e
o f study *

Studied

97

“

14
83

50
50
50
50
50

6
1
41
13
22

A l l d iv is io n s ___________________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _________________________________ T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and
o th e r p u b lic u t ilitie s 5 ________________________
W h o le s a le tra d e 6 __ ____ ________________________
R e t a il tr a d e 6_________ ____ ______________________
F in a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e 6 _______
S e r v ic e s 6 7 ______________________________________

N u m b er o f es ta b lis h m e n ts

50

Studied
N u m b er

P ercen t

54

13,449

100

9, 980

10
44

3 ,479
9,970

26
74

3, 235
6 ,745

4
1
20
8
11

1,392
57
4, 807
1,390
2, 324

10
1
36
10
17

1,273
57
3,011
940
1,464

1 T h e D aytona B each Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d by the O ffic e o f M a n a gem en t and B u d get th rou gh F e b r u a r y 1974,
c o n s is t s o f V o lu s ia County.
T h e " w o r k e r s w ithin sco p e o f stu d y" e s tim a te s shown in th is ta b le p r o v id e a re a s o n a b ly a c c u ra te d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e
and c o m p o s itio n o f the la b o r fo r c e in clu d ed in the s u r v e y .
E s tim a te s a r e not in ten d ed , h o w e v e r , fo r c o m p a ris o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s to
m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tre n d s o r le v e ls sin ce (1) planning o f w a g e s u rv e y s r e q u ir e s e s ta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in a d van ce o f the p a y r o ll
p e r io d stu d ied , and (2) s m a ll esta b lis h m e n ts a r e exc lu d e d fr o m the scop e o f the s u rv e y .
2 T h e 1967 ed itio n o f the Standard In d u s tria l C la s s ific a t io n M anual w a s u sed in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts by in d u s try d iv is io n .
3 In c lu d e s a ll esta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l em p lo y m e n t at o r above the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
A l l o u tlets (w ith in the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in in d u s trie s
such as t r a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tio n p ic tu re th e a te rs a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 In c lu d e s a ll w o r k e r s in a ll esta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t (w ith in the a r e a ) at o r a b o ve the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
5 A b b r e v ia te d to "p u b lic u t ilit ie s " in the A - s e r i e s t a b le s .
T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in c id e n ta l to w a te r tra n s p o rta tio n w e r e e x clu d ed .
6 T h is d iv is io n is re p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s .
S ep a ra te p re s e n ta tio n o f data
is not m a d e f o r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g re a s o n s :
(1 ) E m p lo y m e n t is too s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it s e p a ra te study, (2 ) the sam p le
w a s not d e s ig n e d in it ia lly to p e r m it sep a ra te p re s e n ta tio n , (3 ) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r in ad equ ate to p e r m it s e p a ra te p re s e n ta tio n , and (4 ) th e r e
is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t data.
7 H o te ls and m o te ls ; la u n d rie s and oth er p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; bu sin ess s e r v ic e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir , re n ta l, and p a rk in g ; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ;
n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h ip o rg a n iz a tio n s (ex clu d in g r e lig io u s and c h a rita b le o r g a n iz a tio n s ); and e n g in e e r in g and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .




Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

T h e p r im a r y p u rp o se o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r ip tio n s fo r the B u re a u 's w a g e s u rv e y s is to a s s is t its f ie ld s ta ff in c la s s ify in g in to a p p r o p r ia te
occu p a tio n s w o r k e r s who a r e e m p lo y e d u nder a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o ll t i t l e s and d iffe r e n t w o rk a rra n g e m e n ts fr o m e s ta b lis h m e n t t o e s ta b lis h m e n t and
f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m its the g ro u p in g o f o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e r a te s r e p r e s e n tin g c o m p a ra b le jo b con ten t.
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a s is on
in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t and in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ilit y o f o c c u p a tio n a l co n ten t, the B u re a u 's jo b d e s c rip tio n s m a y d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly f r o m th o s e in u se in
in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts o r th o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u rp o s e s .
In ap p ly in g th e s e jo b d e s c rip tio n s , the B u re a u 's f ie ld e c o n o m is ts a r e in s tru c te d
to e x c lu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p re n tic e s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; tr a in e e s ; and h an dicapped, p a r t - t im e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
B I L L E R , M A C H IN E

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T IN G

P r e p a r e s s ta te m e n ts , b i l l s , and in v o ic e s on a m a ch in e o th e r them an o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a t ic
ty p e w r it e r . M a y a ls o k e e p r e c o r d s as to b illin g s o r sh ippin g c h a rg e s o r p e r fo r m o th e r c l e r i c a l w o rk
in c id e n ta l to b illin g o p e ra tio n s . F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a re c la s s ifie d b y ty p e o f
m a ch in e, as fo llo w s :

P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e accounting c l e r i c a l ta s k s such as p o s tin g to r e g is t e r s and le d g e r s ;
re c o n c ilin g bank accou n ts; v e r ify in g the in te r n a l c o n s is te n c y , c o m p le te n e s s , and m a th e m a tic a l a c c u r a c y
o f accou n tin g docu m en ts; a ssig n in g p r e s c r ib e d a ccou n tin g d is tr ib u tio n c o d e s ; e x a m in in g and v e r if y in g
fo r c l e r i c a l a c c u ra c y v a r io u s ty p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a lc u la tio n s , p o s tin g , e t c .; o r p r e p a r in g s im p le o r
a s s is tin g in p re p a rin g m o r e c o m p lic a te d jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s . M a y w o r k in e it h e r a m an u al o r au tom ated
accou n tin g s ystem .

B i l l e r , m a ch in e (b illin g m a c h in e ).
U s e s a s p e c ia l b illin g m a ch in e (c o m b in a tio n ty p in g and
adding m a c h in e ) to p r e p a r e b ills and in v o ic e s f r o m c u s to m e r s ' p u rch a se o r d e r s , in te r n a lly p r e p a r e d
o r d e r s , shipping m e m o ra n d u m s , e tc .
U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lica tio n o f p r e d e te r m in e d discou n ts and
shipping c h a rg e s and e n tr y o f n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y not be com p u ted on the b illin g
m a ch in e, and to ta ls w h ich a r e a u to m a tic a lly accu m u la ted by m a ch in e. T h e o p e ra tio n u su a lly in v o lv e s a
la r g e n u m b er o f c a rb o n c o p ie s o f the b i l l b ein g p r e p a r e d and is often done on a fa n fo ld m a ch in e.
B i l l e r f m a ch in e (b o o k k eep in g m a c h in e ).
U s e s a b o o k k eep in g m a ch in e (w ith o r w ithou t a
ty p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b ills as p a rt o f the accou nts r e c e iv a b le o p e ra tio n .
G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s the sim u lta n eo u s e n try o f fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d .
T h e m ach in e
a u to m a tic a lly a ccu m u la tes fig u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l colu m n s and com p u tes and u su ally p rin ts
a u to m a tic a lly th e d eb it o r c r e d it b a la n c e s . D o es not in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o rk s fr o m
u n ifo rm and stan d ard ty p e s o f s a le s and c r e d it s lip s .

T h e w o rk r e q u ir e s a k n o w led ge o f c l e r i c a l m e th o d s and o ffic e p r a c t ic e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h ich
r e la t e s to the c le r i c a l p r o c e s s in g and r e c o r d in g o f tra n s a c tio n s and a ccou n tin g in fo r m a tio n .
W ith
e x p e r ie n c e , the w o r k e r t y p ic a lly b e c o m e s f a m ilia r w ith th e b o o k k e e p in g and a ccou n tin g t e r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s used in th e a s s ig n e d w o r k , but is not r e q u ir e d to h a ve a k n o w le d g e o f the f o r m a l p r in c ip le s
o f b o o k k eep in g and accounting.
P o s itio n s

a r e c la s s ifie d in to l e v e ls on the b a s is o f th e fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .

G la s s A . U n d er g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s a ccou n tin g c l e r i c a l o p e r a tio n s w h ich r e q u ir e
the a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m e n t, f o r e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s in g c o m p lic a te d o r
n o n r e p e titiv e accounting tra n s a c tio n s , s e le c tin g am ong a su b s ta n tia l v a r ie t y o f p r e s c r ib e d accou n tin g
co d e s and c la s s ific a t io n s , o r tra c in g tr a n s a c tio n s th ou gh p r e v io u s a ccou n tin g a ctio n s to d e te r m in e
s o u rc e o f d is c r e p a n c ie s . M a y be a s s is te d b y one o r m o r e c la s s B a ccou n tin g c le r k s .

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

O p e ra te s a b o o k k eep in g m a c h in e (w ith o r w ith ou t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f
b u sin ess tra n s a c tio n s .
C la s s A . K e e p s a set o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n o w le d g e o f and e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic b ook k eep in g
p r in c ip le s , and fa m ilia r it y w ith the s tru c tu re o f th e p a r tic u la r accou n tin g s y s te m used.
D e te rm in e s
p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d is trib u tio n o f d eb it and c r e d it ite m s to be u sed in e a ch ph ase o f th e w o rk . M a y
p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b a la n ce s h e e ts , and o th e r r e c o r d s b y hand.

C la s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a ses o r s e c tio n s o f a set o f r e c o r d s u su ally
re q u irin g lit t le k n o w le d g e o f b a s ic b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c tio n s in clu d e accou n ts p a y a b le , p a y r o ll,
c u s to m e r s ' accou nts (not in clu d in g a s im p le ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d under b i l l e r , m a c h in e ), c o s t
d is trib u tio n , ex p e n s e d is trib u tio n , in v e n to r y c o n tr o l, e tc . M a y ch eck o r a s s is t in p re p a r a tio n o f t r i a l
b a la n ces and p r e p a r e c o n tr o l s h eets f o r th e a ccou n tin g d e p a rtm en t.




C la s s B . U n d er c lo s e s u p e rv is io n , fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s and s ta n d a rd iz e d p r o c e d u r e s ,
p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e rou tin e accounting c l e r i c a l o p e r a tio n s , such as p o s tin g to le d g e r s , c a r d s , o r
w o rk s h e e ts w h e re id e n tific a tio n o f ite m s and lo c a tio n s o f p o s tin g s a r e c l e a r l y in d ic a te d ; ch e c k in g
a c c u r a c y and c o m p le te n e s s o f s ta n d a rd ize d and r e p e t it iv e r e c o r d s o r a ccou n tin g d o cu m en ts; and cod in g
docu m en ts using a fe w p r e s c r ib e d accou n tin g c o d e s .
C L E R K , F IL E
F i l e s , c l a s s if ie s , and r e t r ie v e s m a t e r ia l in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g s y s te m .
M a y p e r fo r m
c l e r i c a l and m anual ta s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in f i l e s . P o s it io n s a r e c la s s if ie d in to le v e l s on the b a s is
o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A . C la s s ifie s and
d o cu m en ts, e tc ., in an e s ta b lis h e d
M a y a ls o f i l e th is m a t e r ia l.
M ay
le a d a s m a ll grou p o f lo w e r l e v e l

in d e x e s f i l e m a t e r ia l such as c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , te c h n ic a l
filin g s y s te m c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d s u b je c t m a t t e r f ile s .
k eep r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p e s in c o n ju n ctio n w ith th e f i l e s .
M ay
f ile c le r k s .

S E C R E T A R Y — C ontinued
C l as 8 B . S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l b y sim p le (s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h eadin gs
o r p a r t ly c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l b y f in e r su b h ead in gs. P r e p a r e s s im p le re la te d in d ex and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e
a id s . A s re q u e s te d , lo c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n t ifie d m a t e r ia l in f ile s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l. M a y p e r fo r m
r e la t e d c l e r i c a l ta s k s r e q u ir e d t o m a in ta in and s e r v ic e file s .
C la s s C .
P e r f o r m s ro u tin e f ilin g o f m a t e r ia l that has a lre a d y b een c la s s ifie d o r w h ich is
e a s ily c la s s ifie d in a s im p le s e r i a l c la s s ific a t io n s y s te m (e .g ., a lp h a b e tic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r
n u m e r ic a l). A s r e q u e s te d , lo c a t e s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a t e r ia l in file s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l; and m a y
f i l l out w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e . M a y p e r f o r m s im p le c le r i c a l and m anual ta sk s r e q u ir e d to m ain tain and
s e r v ic e f ile s .
C L E R K , ORDER

E x c lu s io n s
N ot a ll p o s itio n s that a r e t it le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the a b ove c h a r a c te r is tic s .
p o s itio n s w h ich a re e x c lu d e d f r o m th e d e fin itio n a r e as fo llo w s :
a.

P o s itio n s w h ic h do not m e e t the " p e r s o n a l" s e c r e t a r y co n cep t d e s c r ib e d above;

b.

S te n o g ra p h e rs n ot fu lly tr a in e d in s e c r e t a r ia l ty p e du ties;

c.
S te n o g ra p h e rs
m a n a g e r ia l p e rs o n s ;

s e r v in g

as

o ffic e

a s s is ta n ts

to

a gro u p

o f p ro fe s s io n a l, te c h n ic a l,

d.
S e c r e t a r y p o s itio n s in w h ich the d u ties a re e it h e r su b sta n tia lly m o r e
s ta n tia lly m o r e c o m p le x and r e s p o n s ib le than th o se c h a r a c t e r iz e d in the d e fin itio n ;

R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r ia l o r m e rc h a n d is e by m a il, phone, o r p e r s o n a lly .
D u ties in v o lv e any c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o llo w in g ; Q uoting p r ic e s to c u s to m e rs ; m ak in g out an o r d e r
s h e e t lis t in g the ite m s to m a k e up th e o r d e r ; ch eck in g p r ic e s and qu an tities o f ite m s on o r d e r sh eet;
and d is trib u tin g o r d e r s h e e ts to r e s p e c t iv e d ep a rtm en ts to be fille d . M a y ch eck w ith c r e d it d e p a rtm en t
to d e te r m in e c r e d it r a tin g o f c u s to m e r , a ck n o w led ge r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s to m e r s , fo llo w up
o r d e r s t o s e e that th e y h a ve b een f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and ch eck shipping in v o ic e s
w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .
CLERK, PAYR O LL
C o m p u tes w a g e s o f co m p a n y e m p lo y e e s and e n te rs the n e c e s s a r y data on the p a y r o ll sh eets.
D u ties in v o lv e :
C a lc u la tin g w o r k e r s ' e a r n in g s b a sed on tim e o r prod u ction r e c o r d s ; and p ostin g
c a lc u la te d d ata on p a y r o ll s h e e t, sh ow in g in fo rm a tio n such as w o r k e r 's n a m e , w d rk in g d a y s, tim e ,
r a t e , ded u ction s fo r in s u r a n c e , and to t a l w a g e s due. M a y m ake out p aych eck s and a s s is t p a y m a s te r
in m a k in g up and d is tr ib u tin g p a y e n v e lo p e s .
M a y use a c a lc u la tin g m ach in e.
KEYPUNCH O PERATO R
O p e r a te s a keypu n ch m a c h in e to r e c o r d o r v e r i f y a lp h a b etic and/or n u m e r ic data on tabu latin g
c a r d s o r on ta p e .
P o s it io n s

a r e c la s s if ie d in to le v e ls

on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .

C la s s A . W o r k r e q u ir e s th e a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju dgm en t in s e le c tin g p r o c e d u re s
to be fo llo w e d and in s e a r c h in g f o r , in t e r p r e t in g , s e le c tin g , o r codin g ite m s t o be keypu n ch ed f r o m a
v a r i e t y o f s o u r c e d o cu m en ts. On o c c a s io n m a y a ls o p e r fo r m so m e rou tine keypu n ch w o rk . M a y tra in
in e x p e r ie n c e d keypu n ch o p e r a to r s .
C la s s B . W o r k is ro u tin e and r e p e t it iv e .
U n d er c lo s e s u p e rv is io n o r fo llo w in g s p e c ific
p r o c e d u r e s o r in s tr u c tio n s , w o r k s fr o m v a r io u s sta n d a rd ize d s o u rc e docum ents w h ich h a ve been c o d ed ,
and fo llo w s s p e c ifie d p r o c e d u r e s w h ich h a ve b een p r e s c r ib e d in d e ta il and re q u ir e lit t le o r n o s e le c t in g ,
c o d in g , o r in te r p r e tin g o f d a ta to be r e c o r d e d . R e fe r s to s u p e r v is o r p ro b le m s a r is in g fr o m e rro n e o u s
ite m s o r c o d e s o r m is s in g in fo r m a tio n .
M ESSENGER

E x a m p les of

or

rou tin e o r sub­

e.
A s s is ta n t ty p e p o s itio n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e re s p o n s ib le te c h n ic a l,
a d m in is tr a tiv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c l e r i c a l d u ties w h ich a re not ty p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r ia l
w o rk .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u sed in the l e v e l d e fin itio n s fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to th ose
o ffic ia ls who h a ve a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a te - w id e p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith re g a r d to m a jo r com pany
a c t iv it ie s .
T h e t it le " v i c e p r e s id e n t , " though n o r m a lly in d ic a tiv e o f th is r o le , does not in a ll ca ses
id e n tify such p o s itio n s . V ic e p r e s id e n ts w h ose p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ility is to act p e r s o n a lly on in d ivid u al
c a s e s o r tra n s a c tio n s (e . g . , a p p r o v e o r deny in d iv id u a l loan o r c r e d it actio n s; a d m in is te r in d ivid u al
tru s t a ccou n ts; d ir e c t ly s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff) a r e not c o n s id e r e d to be " c o r p o r a te o f f i c e r s " fo r
p u rp o s e s o f a p p lyin g th e fo llo w in g l e v e l d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A
1. S e c r e t a r y to th e ch a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t o f a com pany that e m p lo y s ,
o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

in a ll,

2.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a te o f f i c e r (o th e r than th e c h a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t) o f a
com pan y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but fe w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3.
S e c r e t a r y to the h ead , im m e d ia te ly b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l, o f a m a jo r segm ent
o r s u b s id ia ry o f a com p an y th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la s s B
1. S e c r e t a r y to the c h a irm a n o f th e b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t o f a com pany that e m p lo y s ,
fe w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

in a ll,

2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a te o f f i c e r (o th e r than th e ch a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t) o f a
com pan y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to the h ead, im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the o f f i c e r l e v e l , o v e r e ith e r a m a jo r c o r p o r a te w id e fu n ctio n a l a c t iv it y (e .g ., m a r k e tin g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a tio n s , in d u s tr ia l r e la tio n s , e t c .) o r a m a jo r
g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a tio n a l se g m e n t (e .g ., a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a rte rs ; a m a jo r d iv is io n ) o f a com pany
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but fe w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p lo y e e s ; o r

P e r f o r m s v a r io u s ro u tin e d u ties such as running e r r a n d s , o p era tin g m in o r o ffic e m a ch in es
such as s e a le r s o r m a i l e r s , open in g and d is trib u tin g m a il, and o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk . E x clu d e
p o s itio n s th a t r e q u ir e o p e ra tio n o f a m o t o r v e h ic le as a s ig n ific a n t duty.

4.
S e c r e t a r y to the h ead o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t,
o f f ic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

SECRETARY

5. S e c r e t a r y to th e head o f a la r g e and im p o rta n t o rg a n iz a tio n a l segm en t (e .g ., a m id d le
m a n a gem en t s u p e r v is o r o f an o r g a n iz a tio n a l s eg m en t often in v o lv in g as m any as s e v e r a l hundred
p e r s o n s ) o r a com p an y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

A s s ig n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to one in d ivid u a l.
M ain tain s a c lo s e and h ig h ly
r e s p o n s iv e
r e la tio n s h ip to th e d a y - to - d a y w o rk o f the s u p e r v is o r .
W o rk s f a i r l y in d ep en d en tly
r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e ta ile d s u p e r v is io n and gu idan ce. P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l
d u tie s , u s u a lly in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
a.
R e c e iv e s te le p h o n e c a lls , p e r s o n a l c a lle r s , and in co m in g m a il, a n s w e rs rou tin e in q u ir e s ,
and ro u te s te c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s to th e p r o p e r p e rs o n s ;
b.

M a in ta in s th e s u p e r v is o r 's

d.
v i s o r 's

E s ta b lis h e s ,

c.

m a in ta in s ,

and r e v is e s the

R e la y s m e s s a g e s fr o m

P e r fo r m s

s u p e r v is o r to su b ord in a tes;

s te n o g r a p h ic and ty p in g w o rk .

M a y a ls o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l task s o f c o m p a ra b le n a tu re and d iffic u lty .
T h e w o r k t y p ic a lly r e q u ir e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e rou tin e and u n derstan din g o f the o rg a n iz a tio n , p r o g r a m s ,
and p r o c e d u r e s

r e la t e d to th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v is o r .




e tc . (o r o th er eq u iva len t

le v e l of

C la s s C
1. S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e rs o n w h ose r e s p o n s ib ility is not equ iva len t to
one o f the s p e c ific l e v e l situ a tio n s in the d e fin itio n f o r c la s s B , but w hose o rg a n iz a tio n a l unit
n o r m a lly n u m b ers at le a s t s e v e r a l d ozen e m p lo y e e s and is u su ally d iv id e d into o rg a n iz a tio n a l segm en ts
w h ich a re o ften , in tu rn , fu r th e r su b d ivid ed . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , th is l e v e l includes a w id e range o f
o r g a n iz a tio n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o th e r s , on ly one o r tw o ; o r

s u p e r v is o r 's file s ;

c a le n d a r and m ak es appointm ents as in s tru c te d ;

e.
R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o ra n d u m s , and r e p o r ts p r e p a re d b y o th e rs f o r the s u p e r ­
s ig n a tu re to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and ty p o g ra p h ic a c c u ra c y ;
f.

fa c t o r y ,

2.
S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t,
o f f i c i a l ) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, f e w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

fa c t o r y ,

e tc .

(o r oth er equ iva len t le v e l of

C la s s D
1. S e c r e t a r y to the
about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ); o r

s u p e r v is o r

or

h ead

of

a s m a ll

o r g a n iz a tio n a l

unit

(e .g .,

fe w e r

than

2. S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s ta ff s p e c ia lis t , p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is tra tiv e
o f f i c e r , o r a s s is ta n t, s k ille d te c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t.
(N O T E :
M an y c o m p a n ies assign s te n o g ra p h e rs ,
ra th e r than s e c r e t a r ie s as d e s c r ib e d a b o v e , to th is l e v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e rv is o ry w o r k e r .)

STENOGRAPHER

T A B U L A T IN G - M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ( E l e c t r i c A cco u n tin g M a c h in e O p e r a t o r )

P r im a r y duty is to ta k e d ic ta tio n usin g sh orth an d, and to t r a n s c r ib e th e d ic ta tio n . M a y a ls o
typ e fr o m w ritte n co p y .
M a y o p e ra te f r o m a s te n o g ra p h ic p o o l.
M a y o c c a s io n a lly t r a n s c r ib e fr o m
v o ic e r e c o rd in g s ( i f p r im a r y duty is tr a n s c r ib in g fr o m
r e c o r d in g s , s e e T r a n s c r ib in g - M a c h in e
O p e ra to r, G e n e r a l).

O p e ra te s one o r a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s such as th e ta b u la to r , c a lc u la to r , c o lla t o r , in t e r p r e t e r ,
s o r t e r , rep ro d u cin g punch, e tc . E x clu d ed f r o m th is d e fin itio n a r e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s . A ls o e x c lu d e d
a re o p e r a to r s o f e le c t r o n ic d ig ita l c o m p u te rs , e v e n thou gh th e y m a y a ls o o p e r a te E A M eq u ip m en t.

N O T E : T h is jo b is d is tin g u is h e d f r o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a s e c r e t a r y n o r m a lly w o rk s
in a c o n fid e n tia l re la tio n s h ip w ith o n ly one m a n a g e r o r e x e c u tiv e and p e r fo r m s m o r e re s p o n s ib le and
d is c r e tio n a r y ta s k s as d e s c r ib e d in th e s e c r e t a r y jo b d e fin itio n .

C la s s A . P e r f o r m s c o m p le te r e p o r tin g and ta b u la tin g a s s ig n m e n ts in c lu d in g d e v is in g d iffic u lt
c o n tr o l p a n e l w ir in g under g e n e r a l s u p e rv is io n .
A s s ig n m e n ts t y p ic a lly in v o lv e a v a r i e t y o f lo n g and
c o m p le x re p o r ts w h ich often a r e ir r e g u la r o r n o n r e c u r r in g , r e q u ir in g s o m e plan n in g o f th e n a tu re and
seq u en cin g o f o p e ra tio n s , and the use o f a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s . Is t y p ic a lly in v o lv e d in tr a in in g n ew
o p e r a to r s in m achine o p e ra tio n s o r tr a in in g lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s and in
th e o p e ra tin g sequence.) o f lon g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o es n ot in clu d e p o s itio n s in w h ich w ir in g
r e s p o n s ib ilit y is lim it e d to s e le c tio n and in s e r t io n o f p r e w ir e d b o a rd s .

S te n o g ra p h e r, G e n e r a l
D ictation in v o lv e s a n o r m a l ro u tin e v o c a b u la r y .
o r p e r fo r m o th e r r e la t iv e ly ro u tin e c l e r i c a l ta sk s.

M a y m a in ta in

file s ,

k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s ,

S te n o g ra p h e r. S e n io r
D icta tio n in v o lv e s a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l .o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such as in le g a l
r e p o r ts on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h . M a y a ls o s e t up and m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e tc.

b r ie f s

or

OR
P e r fo r m s s te n o g ra p h ic d u ties r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n tly g r e a t e r in d ep en d en ce and r e s p o n s ib ility
than s te n o g ra p h e r, g e n e r a l, as e v id e n c e d b y th e fo llo w in g : W o r k r e q u ir e s a h igh d e g r e e o f s te n o g ra p h ic
sp eed and a c c u ra c y ; a th o ro u g h w o r k in g k n o w led g e o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s and o ffic e p r o c e d u r e ; and o f
the s p e c ific b u sin ess o p e r a tio n s , o r g a n iz a tio n , p o lic ie s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s , w o r k flo w , e tc . U s e s th is
k n o w led ge in p e r fo r m in g s te n o g ra p h ic d u ties and re s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l ta s k s such as m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p
f ile s ; a s s e m b lin g m a t e r ia l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o ra n d u m s , and le t t e r s ; co m p o s in g s im p le le t t e r s fr o m
g e n e r a l in s tru c tio n s ; re a d in g and ro u tin g in c o m in g m a il; and a n s w e rin g ro u tin e q u e s tio n s , e tc .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p era tes a te lep h o n e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le used w ith a p r iv a te b ra n ch exch a n ge (P B X )
s y s te m to r e la y in c o m in g , o u tg o in g , and in t r a - s y s t e m c a lls .
M a y p r o v id e in fo rm a tio n to c a lle r s ,
r e c o r d and tra n s m it m e s s a g e s , k e e p r e c o r d o f c a lls p la c e d and t o l l c h a r g e s .
B e s id e s o p e ra tin g a
telep h on e sw itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le , m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r fo r m ro u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k (typ in g o r rou tin e
c le r ic a l w o rk m a y occu p y the m a jo r p o rtio n o f the w o r k e r 's t im e , and is u su a lly p e r fo r m e d w h ile at
the sw itch b oa rd o r c o n s o le ).
C h ie f o r le a d o p e r a to r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one
o p e r a to r a re e x clu d ed . F o r an o p e r a to r w ho a ls o a cts as a r e c e p tio n is t, s ee S w itc h b o a rd O p e r a to r R ec e p tio n is t.

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T IO N IS T
At a s in g le - p o s itio n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le , acts both as an o p e r a to r — s ee S w itc h ­
b o a rd O p e ra to r— and as a r e c e p tio n is t. R e c e p t io n is t 's w o r k in v o lv e s such d u ties as g r e e tin g v is it o r s ;
d e te rm in in g n atu re o f v i s i t o r 's b u s in e s s and p r o v id in g a p p ro p ria te in fo r m a tio n ; r e fe r r in g v is i t o r to
a p p ro p ria te p e rs o n in the o rg a n iz a tio n , o r co n ta ctin g that p e rs o n b y te lep h o n e and a rra n g in g an
appointm ent; k e e p in g a lo g o f v is it o r s .

P o s itio n s a r e c la s s ifie d in to le v e ls

on th e b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .

C la s s B . P e r f o r m s w o rk a c c o rd in g to e s ta b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and u n d er s p e c ific in s tru c tio n s .
A s s ig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e c o m p le te but ro u tin e and r e c u r r in g r e p o r t s o r p a rts o f l a r g e r and m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r ts .
O p e ra te s m o r e d iffic u lt ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a ccou n tin g m a c h in e s such as th e
ta b u la to r and c a lc u la to r , in addition to th e s im p le r m a c h in e s u sed b y c la s s C o p e r a t o r s .
M a y be
r e q u ir e d to do som e w ir in g fr o m d ia g r a m s .
M a y t r a in n ew e m p lo y e e s in b a s ic m a c h in e o p e ra tio n s .
C la s s C . U n d er s p e c ific in s tr u c tio n s , o p e r a te s s im p le ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a ccou n tin g
m a c h in e s such as the s o r t e r , in t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c in g punch, c o lla t o r , e tc .
A s s ig n m e n ts t y p ic a lly
in v o lv e p o rtio n s o f a w o rk unit, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r tin g o r c o lla tin g ru n s, o r r e p e t it iv e
o p e r a tio n s .
M ay p e r fo r m s im p le w ir in g fr o m d ia g r a m s , and do s o m e filin g w o rk .
T R A N S C R IB IN G r M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L
P r im a r y duty is to tr a n s c r ib e d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l ro u tin e v o c a b u la r y fr o m tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w r itte n co p y and do s im p le c l e r i c a l w o r k . W o r k e r s
t r a n s c r ib in g dictation in v o lv in g a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such as l e g a l b r ie f s o r
r e p o r ts on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h a re not in c lu d e d .
A w o r k e r w ho ta k e s d ic ta tio n in sh orth an d o r b y
S ten otyp e o r s im ila r m ach in e is c la s s ifie d as a s te n o g ra p h e r.
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m ake c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls o r to m a k e out b ills a ft e r c a lc u la tio n s
have b een m ade b y an oth er p ers o n .
M a y in c lu d e ty p in g o f s t e n c ils , m a ts , o r s im ila r m a t e r ia ls f o r
use in d u p licatin g p r o c e s s e s . M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g lit t le s p e c ia l tr a in in g , such as k e e p in g
s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r tin g and d is trib u tin g in c o m in g m a il.
C la s s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g :
T y p in g m a t e r ia l in fin a l f o r m w hen it
in v o lv e s com b in in g m a t e r ia l fr o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r r e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r c o r r e c t s p e llin g , s y lla b ic a tio n ,
punctuation, e tc ., o f te c h n ic a l o r unusual w o r d s o r f o r e ig n la n gu a ge m a t e r ia l; o r plan n in g la y o u t and
ty p in g o f c o m p lic a te d s ta tis tic a l ta b le s to m a in ta in u n ifo r m ity and b a la n c e in s p a c in g . M a y ty p e ro u tin e
fo r m l e t t e r s , v a ry in g d e ta ils to suit c ir c u m s ta n c e s .

C la s s B . P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g : C o p y ty p in g f r o m rou gh o r c le a r d r a fts ;
o r ro u tin e typ in g o f fo r m s , in su ra n ce p o lic ie s , e tc ; o r s e ttin g up s im p le sta n d a rd ta b u la tio n s ; o r
c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s a lre a d y set up and s p a c e d p r o p e r ly .

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
CO M PUTER O PE R ATO R

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — Continued

M o n ito rs and o p e r a te s the c o n tr o l c o n s o le o f a d ig ita l c o m p u te r to p r o c e s s data c c c o r d in g to
o p era tin g in s tr u c tio n s , u su a lly p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m m e r .
W o r k in c lu d e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
Studies in s tru c tio n s to d e te r m in e equ ip m en t setup and o p e ra tio n s ; lo a d s equ ip m en t w ith r e q u ir e d
ite m s (tape r e e ls , c a r d s , e t c .); s w itc h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia r y equ ip m en t in to c ir c u it , and s ta rts and
o p e ra te s co m p u te r; m a k es a d ju stm en ts t o c o m p u te r to c o r r e c t o p e ra tin g p ro b le m s and m e e t s p e c ia l
con d ition s; r e v ie w s e r r o r s m ad e du rin g o p e ra tio n and d e te rm in e s ca u se o r r e f e r s p r o b le m to
s u p e r v is o r o r p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a in ta in s o p e ra tin g r e c o r d s .
M a y te s t and a s s is t in c o r r e c t in g
p ro g ra m .

C la s s B . O p e ra te s in d ep en d en tly, o r u n der o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n , a c o m p u te r running
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s : M o s t o f th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s ta b lis h e d p ro d u c tio n
ru n s, ty p ic a lly run on a r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; th e r e is l i t t l e o r n o te s tin g o f n ew p r o g r a m s
r e q u ir e d ; a ltern a te p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v id e d in c a s e o r ig in a l p r o g r a m n e e d s m a jo r ch an ge o r cannot be
c o r r e c t e d w ithin a re a s o n a b ly tim e . In c o m m o n e r r o r s itu a tio n s , d ia g n o s e s ca u se and ta k e s c o r r e c t iv e
a ctio n .
T h is u su a lly in v o lv e s ap p lyin g p r e v io u s ly p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e s te p s , o r u sin g sta n d a rd
c o r r e c t io n tech n iqu es.
OR

F o r w a g e stu dy p u rp o s e s ,

c o m p u te r o p e r a to r s

a r e c la s s ifie d

as fo llo w s :

C la s s A .
O p e ra te s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n , a c o m p u te r running
p ro g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s :
N ew p r o g r a m s a r e fr e q u e n tly t e s te d and
introd u ced ; sch ed u lin g re q u ir e m e n ts a r e o f c r i t i c a l im p o r ta n c e to m in im iz e d ow n tim e; th e p r o g r a m s
a r e o f c o m p le x d e s ig n so that id e n tific a tio n o f e r r o r s o u rc e often r e q u ir e s a w o rk in g k n o w le d g e o f the
to ta l p r o g r a m , and a lte rn a te p r o g r a m s m a y not be a v a ila b le .
M a y g iv e d ir e c tio n and g u id an ce to
lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a to r s .




O p era tes u nder d ir e c t s u p e rv is io n a c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s o r s e g m e n ts o f p r o g r a m s
w ith the c h a r a c t e r is t ic s d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A . M a y a s s is t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r b y in d ep en d en tly
p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt ta s k s fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tr u c tio n s
and w ith fre q u e n t r e v ie w o f o p e ra tio n s p e r fo r m e d .
C la s s C . W o rk s on rou tin e p r o g r a m s u nder c lo s e s u p e r v is io n . Is e x p e c te d t o d e v e lo p w o rk in g
k n o w le d g e o f the c o m p u te r equ ipm en t u sed and a b ilit y t o d e te c t p r o b le m s in v o lv e d in running ro u tin e
p r o g r a m s . U su a lly has r e c e iv e d som e f o r m a l tr a in in g in c o m p u te r o p e ra tio n . M a y a s s is t h ig h e r l e v e l
o p e r a to r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .

C o n v e r ts s ta te m e n ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b le m s , t y p ic a lly p r e p a r e d by a s y s te m s a n a lyst, in to a
s eq u en ce o f d e ta ile d in s tr u c tio n s w h ich a r e r e q u ir e d to s o lv e the p r o b le m s by a u to m a tic data p ro c e s s in g
e q u ip m en t. W o rk in g f r o m c h a r ts o r d ia g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s the p r e c is e in s tru c tio n s w h ich ,
w hen e n te r e d in to th e c o m p u te r s y s te m in c o d e d la n gu a ge, cau se the m an ipu lation o f data to a c h ie v e
d e s ir e d re s u lts .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : A p p lie s k n ow ledge o f c o m p u te r c a p a b ilitie s ,
m a th e m a tic s , lo g ic e m p lo y e d b y c o m p u te r s , and p a rtic u la r s u b ject m a tte r in v o lv e d to a n a ly ze ch a rts
and d ia g r a m s o f th e p r o b le m to be p r o g r a m m e d ; d ev e lo p s sequ en ce o f p r o g r a m s te p s ; w r it e s d e ta ile d
flo w c h a rts to show o r d e r in w h ic h data w i l l be p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e rts th e s e ch a rts to co d e d in s tru c tio n s
f o r m a c h in e to fo llo w ; t e s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s tru c tio n s fo r o p e ra tin g p e rs o n n e l
d u rin g p ro d u ctio n run; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lte r s p ro g r a m s to in c re a s e o p e ra tin g e ffic ie n c y o r
adapt to n ew r e q u ir e m e n ts ; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s o f p r o g r a m d ev e lo p m e n t and r e v is io n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s
p e r fo r m in g b oth s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g should be c la s s ifie d as s y s te m s a n a lysts i f th is is
the s k ill u sed to d e te r m in e t h e ir p a y .)
D o es not in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s ib le fo r the m an agem en t o r s u p e rv is io n o f o th e r
e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o g r a m m e r s p r im a r ily con c e rn e d w ith s c ie n t ific and/or
e n g in e e r in g p r o b le m s .
F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s ,

p ro gra m m ers

a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

G la s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u nder on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on c o m p le x p r o b le m s w h ich
r e q u ir e c o m p e te n c e in a ll p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m m in g con cep ts and p r a c tic e s .
W o rk in g f r o m d ia g ra m s
and c h a rts w h ich id e n t ify th e n a tu re o f d e s ir e d re s u lts , m a jo r p ro c e s s in g step s t o be a c c o m p lis h e d ,
and th e r e la tio n s h ip s b e tw e e n v a r io u s ste p s o f the p ro b le m s o lv in g rou tin e; plans the fu ll ra n ge
o f p r o g r a m m in g a c tio n s n e e d e d t o e f f ic ie n t ly u tiliz e the co m p u te r s y s te m in a c h ie v in g d e s ir e d
end p ro d u c ts .
A t th is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m in g is d iffic u lt b eca u se co m p u te r equipm ent m u st b e o r g a n iz e d to
p ro d u c e s e v e r a l in t e r r e la t e d but d iv e r s e p ro d u c ts fr o m nu m erou s and d iv e r s e data e le m e n ts . A w id e
v a r i e t y and e x te n s iv e n u m b e r o f in te r n a l p r o c e s s in g action s m ust o c c u r. T h is r e q u ir e s such actio n s as
d e v e lo p m e n t o f co m m o n o p e r a tio n s w h ic h can be re u s e d , e s ta b lis h m e n t o f lin k a g e poin ts b etw een
o p e r a tio n s , a d ju stm en ts to d ata w hen p r o g r a m r e q u ire m e n ts e x c e e d co m p u ter s to r a g e c a p a c ity , and
s u b s ta n tia l m a n ip u la tio n and re s e q u e n c in g o f data e le m e n ts to fo r m a h igh ly in te g r a te d p r o g r a m .
M ay

p r o v id e

fu n c tio n a l

d ir e c t io n to

lo w e r l e v e l

p rogra m m ers

who a re

s y s te m s a n a ly sts a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s ;

C la s s A . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r under o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n an c o m p le x p ro b le m s in v o lv in g
a ll p h ases o f s y s te m a n a ly s is .
P r o b le m s a r e c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d iv e r s e s o u rc e s o f input data and
m u ltip le -u s e r e q u ir e m e n ts o f output data. ( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in te g r a te d p rod u ction sch edu lin g,
in v e n to r y c o n tr o l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in w h ich e v e r y ite m o f each typ e is
a u to m a tic a lly p r o c e s s e d th ro u gh th e fu ll s y s te m o f r e c o r d s and a p p ro p ria te fo llo w u p action s a re in itia te d
b y th e c o m p u te r .)
C o n fe rs w ith p e rs o n s c o n c e rn e d to d e te r m in e the data p r o c e s s in g p ro b le m s and
a d v is e s s u b je c t- m a tte r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s o f n ew o r r e v is e d s y s te m s o f data p r o c e s s in g
o p e ra tio n s . M a k es r e c o m m e n d a tio n s , i f n e e d e d , f o r approved o f m a jo r s y s te m s in s ta lla tio n s o r changes
and f o r o b tain in g equ ip m en t.
M a y p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l d ir e c tio n to lo w e r l e v e l s y s te m s a n a ly s ts who a re a s s ig n e d to a ss is t.
C la s s B . W o rk s in d ep en d en tly o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on p ro b le m s that a r e r e la t iv e ly
u n c o m p lic a te d to a n a ly z e , p lan , p r o g r a m , and o p e r a te . P r o b le m s a r e o f lim ite d c o m p le x ity becau se
s o u rc e s o f input data a re h om ogen eou s and the output data a re c lo s e ly re la te d . (F o r e x a m p le , d evelo p s
s y s te m s f o r m a in ta in in g d e p o s ito r accounts in a bank, m a in ta in in g accounts r e c e iv a b le in a r e t a il
e s ta b lis h m e n t, o r m a in ta in in g in v e n to r y accounts in a m a n u fa ctu rin g o r w h o le s a le e s ta b lis h m e n t.)
C o n fe r s w ith p e rs o n s c o n c e rn e d to d e te rm in e the data p r o c e s s in g p ro b le m s and a d v is e s su b je c tm a tte r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s o f the data p r o c e s s in g s y s te m s to be applied.
OR
W o r k s on a seg m en t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s in g sc h e m e o r s y s te m , as d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A.
W o rk s in d ep en d en tly on ro u tin e a s s ig n m e n ts and r e c e iv e s in s tru c tio n and guidance on co m p le x
a s s ig n m e n ts . W o r k is r e v ie w e d f o r a c c u ra c y o f ju d g m e n t, c o m p lia n c e w ith in s tru c tio n s , and to in su re
p r o p e r a lig n m e n t w ith th e o v e r a l l s y s te m .
C la s s C . W o rk s u n d er im m e d ia te s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y in g out a n a ly s e s as a s s ig n e d , u su ally
o f a s in g le a c tiv ity .
A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d e s ig n e d t o d e v e lo p and expan d p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e in the
a p p lica tio n o f p ro c e d u r e s and s k ills r e q u ir e d f o r s y s te m s a n a ly s is w o rk . F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s is t a
h ig h e r l e v e l s y s te m s a n a lyst b y p re p a r in g the d e ta ile d s p e c ific a tio n s r e q u ir e d b y p r o g r a m m e r s fr o m
in fo rm a tio n d e v e lo p e d b y the h ig h e r l e v e l a n a lyst.

a s s ig n e d t o a s s is t.

C la s s B . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d er only g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on r e la t iv e ly s im p le p r o g r a m s ,
o r on s im p le s e g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s . P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n ts ) u su ally p r o c e s s in fo rm a tio n to
p ro d u c e data in tw o o r th r e e v a r ie d s e q u e n c e s o r fo r m a ts .
R e p o rts and lis t in g s a r e p ro d u ced b y
r e fin in g , a d a p tin g, a r r a y in g , o r m a k in g m in o r additions to o r d e le tio n s fr o m input data w h ich a re
r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m e ro u s r e c o r d s m a y be p r o c e s s e d , the data have b een r e fin e d in p r io r
a c tio n s so that th e a c c u r a c y and se q u e n c in g o f data can be te s te d by using a fe w rou tin e c h e ck s.
T y p ic a lly , th e p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith ro u tin e r e c o r d - k e e p in g ty p e o p e ra tio n s .
OR
W o r k s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A ) u nder c lo s e d ir e c tio n o f a h ig h e r
l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s is t h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r by in d ep en d en tly p e r fo r m in g
le s s d iffic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt ta s k s under f a i r l y c lo s e d ir e c tio n .
M a y gu ide o r in s tr u c t lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s C . M a k e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n s o f p ro g ra m m in g p r a c t ic e s and co n c e p ts u su a lly le a r n e d
in f o r m a l tr a in in g c o u r s e s .
A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d esig n ed to d e v e lo p co m p eten ce in the a p p lic a tio n o f
s ta n d a rd p r o c e d u r e s t o ro u tin e p r o b le m s . R e c e iv e s c lo s e s u p e rv is io n on new a s p e c ts o f a s s ig n m e n ts ;
and w o r k is r e v ie w e d to v e r i f y its a c c u r a c y and c o n fo rm a n c e w ith re q u ire d p r o c e d u r e s .
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U S IN E S S
A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b le m s to fo r m u la te p r o c e d u re s fo r so lv in g th e m by use o f e le c t r o n ic
data p r o c e s s in g e q u ip m en t.
D e v e lo p s a c o m p le te d e s c rip tio n o f a ll s p e c ific a tio n s n ee d e d to en a b le
p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e r e q u ir e d d ig it a l c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
A n a ly z e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r o p e r a tio n s to be a u tom a ted and id e n tifie s con dition s and c r i t e r i a r e q u ir e d to
a c h ie v e s a t is fa c t o r y r e s u lt s ; s p e c ifie s n u m b e r and ty p es o f r e c o r d s , f ile s , and docu m en ts t o b e used;
o u tlin e s a ctio n s to b e p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and com p u te rs in s u ffic ie n t d e t a il f o r p re s e n ta tio n to
m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m in g (t y p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p re p a ra tio n o f w o rk and d a ta flo w c h a r ts );
c o o r d in a te s th e d e v e lo p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b le m s and p a r tic ip a te s in t r i a l runs o f n ew and r e v is e d s y s te m s ;
and r e c p m m e n d s eq u ip m e n t c h a n g es t o ob tain m o r e e f fe c t iv e o v e r a ll o p e ra tio n s .
(N O T E :
W ork ers
p e r fo r m in g b oth s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g should be c la s s ifie d as s y s te m s a n a lysts i f th is is
th e s k ill u sed to d e te r m in e t h e ir p a y .)
D o es n ot in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s ib le f o r th e m an agem en t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o th e r
e le c t r o n ic d a ta p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r s y s te m s a n a lysts p r im a r ily c o n c e rn e d w ith s c ie n t ific o r
e n g in e e r in g p r o b le m s .




F o r w a g e study p u rp o s e s ,

D RAFTER
C la s s A . P la n s the g ra p h ic p re s e n ta tio n o f c o m p le x ite m s h a vin g d is tin c tiv e design fe a tu re s
that d if f e r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m e s ta b lis h e d d ra ftin g p re c e d e n ts . W o rk s in c lo s e support w ith the d esign
o r ig in a t o r , and m a y re c o m m e n d m in o r d esig n ch a n ges.
A n a ly z e s th e e ffe c t o f each change on the
d e ta ils o f fo r m , fu n ction , and p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s o f co m p o n en ts and p a rts .
W o rk s w ith a
m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is ta n c e . C o m p le te d w o r k is r e v ie w e d by d e s ig n o r ig in a to r f o r c o n s is te n c y
w ith p r io r e n g in e e r in g d e te rm in a tio n s . M a y e it h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d ir e c t th e ir p re p a ra tio n by
lo w e r l e v e l d r a ft e r s .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n rou tin e and c o m p le x d ra ftin g a s s ig n m e n ts that r e q u ir e th e a p p lica tion
o f m o s t o f the s ta n d a rd iz e d d ra w in g tech n iq u es r e g u la r ly used. D u ties ty p ic a lly in v o lv e such w o rk as:
P r e p a r e s w o rk in g d ra w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith i r r e g u la r sh a p es, m u ltip le fu n ction s, and p r e c is e
p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s b etw e e n com p on en ts; p r e p a r e s a r c h ite c tu r a l d ra w in g s f o r co n stru ctio n o f a
b u ild in g in clu d in g d e ta il d ra w in g s o f fou n d a tion s, w a ll s e c tio n s , flo o r p la n s , and ro o f. U s e s accep ted
fo r m u la s and m an u als in m ak in g n e c e s s a r y com p u ta tion s to d e te r m in e qu an tities o f m a te r ia ls to be
u sed, lo a d c a p a c it ie s , s tre n g th s , s t r e s s e s , e tc .
R e c e iv e s in it ia l in s tru c tio n s , re q u ir e m e n ts , and
a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le te d w o r k is c h e c k e d f o r te c h n ic a l adequ acy.
C la s s C .
P r e p a r e s d e ta il d ra w in g s o f s in g le units o r p a r ts f o r e n g in e e rin g , c o n stru ctio n ,
m a n u fa c tu rin g , o r r e p a ir p u rp o s e s .
T y p e s o f d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d in clu d e is o m e t r ic p r o je c tio n s
(d e p ic tin g th r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u ra te s c a le ) and s e c tio n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o sitio n in g o f com ponents
and c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a tio n .
C o n s o lid a te s d e ta ils fr o m a n u m b e r o f s o u rc e s and adju sts o r
tr a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ir e d .
S u g g ested m eth od s o f a p p ro a ch , a p p lic a b le p re c e d e n ts , and a d v ic e on
s o u rc e m a t e r ia ls a re g iv e n w ith in it ia l a s s ig n m e n ts . In s tru c tio n s a re le s s c o m p le te when a ssign m en ts
recu r.
W o r k m a y be s p o t-c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T E R -T R A C E R
C o p ie s p lan s and d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o th e rs b y p la c in g t r a c in g clo th o r p a p e r o v e r d raw in gs
and t r a c in g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
(D o es not in c lu d e t r a c in g lim it e d to plan s p r im a r ily c o n s is tin g o f
s tr a ig h t lin e s and a la r g e s c a le n ot r e q u ir in g c lo s e d e lin e a tio n .)
AND /O R
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e t it iv e d ra w in g s o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d it e m s .
d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

W o rk is c lo s e ly s u p e rv is e d

W ork s on
com b in ation o f the
c o n s tru c tin g , and
p r in c ip le s , a b ility

v a r io u s ty p es o f e le c t r o n ic equ ipm en t and r e la te d d e v ic e s by p e r fo r m in g one o r a
fo llo w in g : In s ta llin g , m a in ta in in g , r e p a ir in g , o v e rh a u lin g , tro u b le s h o o tin g , m o d ify in g ,
te s tin g .
W o rk r e q u ir e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n o f te c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e o f e le c t r o n ic s
to d e te r m in e m a lfu n c tio n s , and s k ill to put equ ip m en t in r e q u ir e d o p e ra tin g con d ition .

C la s s B. A p p lie s c o m p re h e n s iv e te c h n ic a l k n o w led g e to s o lv e c o m p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e . , th ose
that t y p ic a lly can be s o lv e d s o le ly by p r o p e r ly in te r p r e tin g m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m a n u a ls o r s im ila r
d o c u m e n ts ) in w ork in g on e le c tr o n ic eq u ip m en t. W o rk in v o lv e s : A fa m ilia r it y w ith the in t e r r e la t io n ­
ships o f c ir c u its ; and ju d gm en t in d e te rm in in g w o r k seq u e n c e and in s e le c tin g t o o ls and te s tin g
in s tru m e n ts , usu ally le s s c o m p le x than th o se u sed by the c la s s A te c h n ic ia n .

T h e equ ip m en t— c o n s is tin g o f e it h e r m an y d iffe r e n t kinds o f c ir c u it s o r m u ltip le re p e titio n of
the sam e kind o f c ir c u it — in c lu d e s , but is not lim it e d to , the fo llo w in g :
(a ) E le c t r o n ic tr a n s m ittin g
and r e c e iv in g eq u ip m en t (e .g ., r a d a r , ra d io , te le v is io n , te le p h o n e , s o n a r, n a v ig a tio n a l a id s ), (b )
d ig ita l and analog c o m p u te r s , and ( c ) in d u s tr ia l and m e d ic a l m e a s u rin g and c o n tr o llin g equ ipm en t.

R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l gu id an ce, as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n , and
w o rk is r e v ie w e d fo r s p e c ific co m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d p r a c t ic e s and w o r k a s s ig n m e n ts . M a y p r o v id e
te c h n ic a l guidance to lo w e r l e v e l te ch n icia n s.

T h is c la s s ific a t io n e x c lu d e s r e p a ir e r s o f such sta n d a rd e le c t r o n ic equ ip m en t as co m m o n o ffic e
m ach in es and h ou seh old ra d io and t e le v is io n s e ts ; p rod u ction a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h ose
p r im a r y duty is
s e r v ic in g e le c t r o n ic te s t in s tru m e n ts ; te c h n ic ia n s w ho have a d m in is tr a tiv e o r
s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s ib ility ; and d r a ft e r s , d e s ig n e r s , and p r o fe s s io n a l e n g in e e r s .

C la s s C . A p p lie s w o rk in g te c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to p e r fo r m s im p le o r ro u tin e ta s k s in w o rk in g
on e le c t r o n ic equ ipm en t, fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tr u c tio n s w h ich c o v e r v ir t u a lly a ll p r o c e d u r e s .
W ork
t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s such ta sk s as: A s s is tin g h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s b y p e r fo r m in g such a c t iv it ie s as
r e p la c in g com p on en ts, w ir in g c ir c u it s , and ta k in g te s t r e a d in g s ; r e p a ir in g s im p le e le c t r o n ic equ ip m en t;
and using t o o ls and com m on te s t in stru m en ts ( e . g . , m u lt im e t e r s , audio s ig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tube t e s t e r s ,
o s c illo s c o p e s ). Is not r e q u ir e d to be f a m ilia r w ith th e in t e r r e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s . T h is k n o w le d g e ,
h o w e v e r , m a y be a c q u ire d throu gh a ss ig n m e n ts d e s ig n e d to in c r e a s e c o m p e te n c e (in c lu d in g c la s s r o o m
t r a in in g ) so that w o r k e r can advance to h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n .

P o s itio n s

a re c la s s ifie d in to le v e ls

on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .

R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l gu id an ce, as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n . W o rk
is t y p ic a lly spot ch eck ed , but is giv e n d e ta ile d r e v ie w when n ew o r a d va n ced a s s ig n m e n ts a r e in v o lv e d .

C la s s A .
A p p lie s ad van ced te c h n ic a l k n o w led g e to s o lv e unu su ally c o m p le x p ro b le m s (i . e . ,
th ose that ty p ic a lly cannot be s o lv e d s o le ly by
r e fe r e n c e to m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m an u als o r s im ila r
d o cu m en ts) in w o rk in g on e le c t r o n ic eq u ip m en t.
E x a m p le s o f such p r o b le m s in clu d e lo c a tio n and
d en sity o f c ir c u it r y , e le c t r o - m a g n e t ic ra d ia tio n , is o la tin g m a lfu n c tio n s , and fre q u e n t e n g in e e rin g
changes.
W ork in v o lv e s :
A d e ta ile d un derstan din g of the in te r r e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s ; e x e r c is in g
independent ju d gm en t in p e r fo r m in g such ta sk s as m a k in g c ir c u it a n a ly s e s , c a lc u la tin g w a v e fo r m s ,
tra c in g re la tio n s h ip s in sig n a l flo w ; and r e g u la r ly using c o m p le x te s t in stru m en ts (e . g . , dual t r a c e
o s c illo s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia tio n m e t e r s , pu lse g e n e r a t o r s ).
W ork m ay be r e v ie w e d by
c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d p r a c t ic e s .

s u p e r v is o r (fr e q u e n tly an e n g in e e r o r d e s ig n e r )
M a y p ro v id e te c h n ic a l gu idance to lo w e r l e v e l

fo r g e n e r a l
te c h n ic ia n s .

N U R S E , IN D U S T R IA L (R e g is t e r e d )
A r e g is t e r e d n u rse who g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e u nder g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ir e c tio n to i l l o r in ju re d
e m p lo y e e s o r o th er p e rs o n s who b e c o m e i l l o r s u ffe r an a c c id e n t on the p r e m is e s o f a fa c t o r y o r
o th e r esta b lis h m e n t.
D u ties in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t aid to the i l l o r
in ju re d ; attending to subsequent d re s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s o f p a tie n ts tr e a te d ;
p r e p a r in g acciden t re p o r ts fo r com p en sation o r o th e r p u rp o s e s ; a s s is tin g in p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s and
h ea lth eva lu a tio n s o f ap p lica n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and plan n in g and c a r r y in g out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h ealth
ed u ca tio n , acciden t p re v e n tio n , eva lu a tion o f plant e n v ir o n m e n t, o r o th e r a c t iv it ie s a ffe c tin g the h ealth ,
w e lfa r e , and s a fety o f a ll p e rs o n n e l. N u rsin g s u p e r v is o r s o r h ead n u rs e s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g
m o r e than one n u rse a re exclu d ed .

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
B O IL E R T E N D E R

H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

F ir e s s ta tio n a r y b o ile r s to fu rn ish th e e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith h eat, p o w e r,
o r steam .
F e e d s fu els to f i r e by hand o r o p e ra te s a m e c h a n ic a l s to k e r , g a s , o r o il b u rn e r; and
ch eck s w a te r and s a fe ty v a lv e s .
M a y c le a n , o il, o r a s s is t in r e p a ir in g b o ile r r o o m equ ipm en t.

A s s is ts one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m a in ten a n ce t r a d e s , by p e r fo r m in g s p e c ific o r
g e n e r a l d u ties o f l e s s e r s k ill, such as k eep in g a w o r k e r su p p lied w ith m a t e r ia ls and t o o ls ; c le a n in g
w o rk in g a r e a , m a ch in e, and equ ipm en t; a s s is tin g jo u rn e y m a n by h old in g m a t e r ia ls o r t o o ls ; and
p e r fo r m in g other u n sk illed task s as d ir e c te d by jo u rn e y m a n . T h e k in d o f w o rk the h e lp e r is p e r m itte d
to p e r fo r m v a r ie s fr o m tra d e to tra d e :
In s o m e t r a d e s the h e lp e r is c o n fin e d to su p p lyin g, lift in g ,
and h oldin g m a te r ia ls and to o ls , and clea n in g w o rk in g a r e a s ; and in o th e rs he is p e r m it t e d to p e r fo r m
s p e c ia liz e d m achine o p e ra tio n s , o r p a rts o f a tra d e that a r e a ls o p e r fo r m e d by w o r k e r s on a
fu ll- t im e b a sis.

C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r fo r m s the c a r p e n tr y d u ties n e c e s s a r y to c o n s tru c t and m a in ta in in g o o d r e p a ir bu ildin g
w o o d w o rk and equ ip m en t such as b in s , c r ib s , c o u n te rs , b en ch es, p a r titio n s , d o o r s , flo o r s , s ta ir s ,
c a s in g s , and t r im m ad e o f w ood in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Plan n in g
and la yin g out o f w o rk fr o m b lu e p rin ts , d r a w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tru c tio n s ; using a v a r ie t y of
c a r p e n te r 's h a n d tools, p o rta b le p o w e r t o o ls , and stan d ard m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; m ak in g stan dard
shop com pu tation s re la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o rk ; and s e le c tin g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y f o r the w o rk . In
g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f th e m ain ten a n ce c a r p e n te r r e q u ir e s rounded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally
a c q u ire d throu gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r fo r m s a v a r ie t y o f e le c t r i c a l tr a d e fu n ction s such as the in s ta lla tio n , m a in te n a n c e , o r
r e p a ir o f equ ipm en t fo r the g e n e r a tio n , d is trib u tio n , o r u tiliz a tio n o f e l e c t r ic e n e r g y in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o st of the fo llo w in g : In s ta llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie t y o f e le c t r i c a l equ ip m en t
such as g e n e r a to r s , t r a n s fo r m e r s , s w itc h b o a rd s , c o n t r o lle r s , c ir c u it b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h eatin g units,
conduit s y s te m s , o r o th e r tr a n s m is s io n eq u ip m en t; w o rk in g fr o m b lu e p r in ts , d ra w in g s , la y o u ts , o r
o th e r s p e c ific a tio n s ; lo c a tin g and d ia g n o s in g tro u b le in the e l e c t r ic a l s y s te m o r equ ip m en t; w o rk in g
stan d ard com p u tation s r e la tin g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n ts o f w ir in g o r e le c t r i c a l eq u ip m en t; and using a
v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic ia n 's h an dtools and m e a s u rin g and te s tin g in s tru m e n ts . In g e n e r a l, th e w o rk o f the
m ain ten an ce e le c t r ic ia n re q u ir e s rounded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l
a p p ren ticesh ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O p e ra te s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e the o p e ra tio n o f s ta tio n a r y e n g in es and
equipm ent (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to supply the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , h eat,
r e fr ig e r a t io n , o r a ir - c o n d itio n in g .
W o r k in v o lv e s :
O p e ra tin g and m a in ta in in g equ ip m en t such as
stea m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , tu rb in e s , v e n tila tin g and r e fr ig e r a t in g eq u ip m en t,
stea m b o ile r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a te r pum ps; m ak in g equ ipm en t r e p a ir s ; and k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e ra tio n
o f m a c h in e ry , te m p e r a tu r e , and fu e l con su m p tion .
M a y a ls o s u p e r v is e th e s e o p e ra tio n s .
H ea d o r
c h ie f e n g in e e rs in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one e n g in e e r a re e x clu d ed .




M A C H IN E - T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O L R O O M
S p e c ia liz e s in o p e ra tin g one o r m o r e than one ty p e o f m a c h in e to o l (e . g . , j i g b o r e r , g rin d in g
m a c h in e , engine la th e, m illin g m a c h in e ) to m a c h in e m e ta l f o r use in m a k in g o r m a in ta in in g ji g s ,
fix tu r e s , cutting to o ls , ga u g e s , o r m e ta l d ies o r m o ld s used in sh ap in g o r fo r m in g m e t a l o r n o n m e ta llic
m a t e r ia l (e .g ., p la s tic , p la s te r , ru b b e r, g la s s ). W o rk t y p ic a lly in v o l v e s : P la n n in g and p e r fo r m in g
d iffic u lt m a ch in in g o p e ra tio n s w hich r e q u ir e c o m p lic a te d setu ps o r a high d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; settin g
up m a ch in e to o l o r to o ls (e .g ., in s ta ll cu ttin g t o o ls and adjust g u id e s , sto p s , w o r k in g t a b le s , and o th e r
c o n tr o ls to handle the s iz e o f stock to be m a c h in e d ; d e te r m in e p r o p e r fe e d s , s p e e d s , to o lin g , and
o p e ra tio n sequ en ce o r s e le c t th ose p r e s c r ib e d in d r a w in g s , b lu e p r in ts , o r la y o u ts ); u sin g a v a r ie t y o f
p r e c is io n m ea su rin g in s tru m e n ts ; m aking n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm en ts d u rin g m a ch in in g o p e ra tio n to a c h ie v e
re q u is ite d im en sion s to v e r y c lo s e t o le r a n c e s . M a y be r e q u ir e d to s e le c t p r o p e r c o o la n ts and cu ttin g
and lu b ric a tin g o ils , to r e c o g n iz e when t o o ls n e e d d r e s s in g , and to d r e s s to o ls . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk
o f a m a c h in e -to o l o p e r a to r , t o o lr o o m , at the s k ill l e v e l c a lle d f o r in th is c la s s ific a t io n r e q u ir e s
e x te n s iv e k n ow led ge o f m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ire d th ro u gh c o n s id e r a b le
o n -th e -jo b tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s tr y w a ge study p u r p o s e s , th is c la s s ific a t io n
o p e r a to r s , t o o lr o o m , e m p lo y e d in t o o l- a n d - d ie jo b b in g shops.

d oes not

in clu d e m a c h in e - to o l

M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E
P ro d u c e s re p la c e m e n t p a rts and n ew p a rts in m a k in g r e p a ir s o f m e t a l p a rts o f m e c h a n ic a l
equ ip m en t o p era ted in an esta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : in t e r p r e t in g w r itte n
in s tru c tio n s and s p e c ific a tio n s ; planning and la y in g out o f w o r k ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in is t's h an d tools
and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; settin g up and o p e ra tin g s ta n d a rd m a ch in e t o o ls ; sh apin g o f m e ta l

p a rts to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; m a k in g sta n d a rd shop com pu tation s r e la tin g to d im en sio n s o f w o r k , to o lin g ,
fe e d s , and sp eed s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o rk in g p r o p e r tie s o f the com m on m e ta ls ; s e le c tin g
sta n d a rd m a t e r ia ls , p a r ts , and eq u ip m en t r e q u ir e d fo r th is w o rk ; and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a rts into
m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m en t.
In g e n e r a l, the m a c h in is t's w o rk n o r m a lly r e q u ire s a rou n ded tra in in g in
m a c h in e -s h o p p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .

P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w o o d w o rk , and fix t u r e s o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s the
fo llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f s u rfa c e p e c u lia r it ie s and ty p e s o f paint r e q u ir e d fo r d iffe r e n t a p p lica tio n s;
p re p a r in g s u rfa c e fo r pain tin g b y r e m o v in g old fin is h o r b y p la c in g putty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o le s and
in t e r s t ic e s ; and a p p lyin g paint w ith s p r a y gun o r b ru sh . M a y m ix c o lo r s , o ils , w h ite le a d , and oth er
pain t in g re d ie n ts to obtain p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is te n c y .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce
p a in te r re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M a in te n a n c e )
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o to r tr u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an esta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s
m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u to m o tiv e equ ipm en t to d ia gn ose sou rce o f tr o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g
eq u ip m en t and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that in v o lv e the use o f such handtools as w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r ills ,
o r s p e c ia liz e d eq u ip m en t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a rts ; re p la c in g broken op d e fe c t iv e p a rts fr o m
sto c k ; g rin d in g and ad ju stin g v a lv e s ; re a s s e m b lin g and in s ta llin g the v a rio u s a s s e m b lie s in th e v e h ic le
and m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts ; and a lig n in g w h e e ls , adjusting b ra k e s and lig h ts , o r tig h te n in g body
b o lts . In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f th e a u to m o tiv e m e c h a n ic re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally
a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r eq u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .

r e p a ir

T h is c la s s ific a t io n
shops.

d o e s not in clu d e m e c h a n ic s who r e p a ir c u s to m e r s ' v e h ic le s in a u tom ob ile

In s ta lls o r r e p a ir s w a te r , s te a m , g a s , o r o th e r ty p e s o f pip e and p ip e fittin g s in an e s ta b lis h ­
m en t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : L a y in g out o f w o rk and m e a s u rin g to lo c a te p o s itio n of
p ip e fr o m d ra w in g s o r o th e r w r itte n s p e c ific a tio n s ; cu ttin g v a r io u s s iz e s o f pip e to c o r r e c t lengths
w ith c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e to r c h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a c h in e s ; th rea d in g p ip e w ith stocks and
d ie s ; bending pip e b y h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g pipe w ith co u p lin gs and
fa s te n in g p ip e t o h a n g e rs ; m akin g stan d ard shop co m p u ta tion s r e la tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f
p ip e r e q u ir e d ; and m a k in g sta n d a rd t e s t s to d e te rm in e w h e th e r fin is h e d p ip es m e e t s p e c ific a tio n s . In
g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in ten a n ce p ip e fit t e r r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally
a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r eq u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
W o r k e r s p r im a r ily
e n g a g e d in in s ta llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g sa n ita tion o r h eatin g s y s te m s a r e e x c lu d e d .
S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l equ ip m en t o f an esta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the
f o llo w in g :
E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l equ ipm en t to d ia gn ose so u rce o f tr o u b le ; d ism a n tlin g
o r p a r tly d is m a n tlin g m a c h in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly in v o lv e the use o f h a n d tools in
s c ra p in g and fittin g p a r ts ; r e p la c in g b ro k e n o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts w ith ite m s obtained fr o m stock ; o r d e r in g
the p ro d u c tio n o f a re p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a ch in e shop o r sending o f the m a ch in e to a m a ch in e shop
f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s ; p r e p a r in g w r itte n s p e c ific a tio n s fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r fo r the p ro d u ctio n o f p a rts
o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e sh op s; r e a s s e m b lin g m a ch in es; and m akin g a ll n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm en ts fo r
o p e ra tio n . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f a m a in ten a n ce m ech a n ic r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e
u su ally a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r eq u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . E x clu d ed fr o m
th is c la s s ific a t io n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y du ties in v o lv e settin g up o r adjusting m a ch in es.

M IL L W R IG H T
In s t a lls n ew m a c h in e s o r h e a v y equ ip m en t, and d ism a n tles and in s ta lls m a c h in e s o r h eavy
eq u ip m en t w h en ch an ges in th e plan t la you t a re re q u ire d .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o st o f th e fo llo w in g :
P la n n in g and la y in g out o f the w o r k ; in te r p r e tin g b lu ep rin ts o r o th e r s p e c ific a tio n s ; using a v a r ie t y of
h an d tools and r ig g in g ; m a k in g sta n d a rd shop com pu tation s re la tin g to s t r e s s e s , stre n g th o f m a t e r ia ls ,
and c e n te r s o f g r a v it y ; a lig n in g and b a la n cin g o f equ ipm en t; s e le c tin g standard to o ls , equ ip m en t, and
p a rts to be u sed; and in s ta llin g and m a in ta in in g in g ood o r d e r p o w e r tra n s m is s io n equ ip m en t such as
d r iv e s and s p e e d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t 's w o rk n o r m a lly re q u ir e s a rou n ded tr a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e in the t r a d e a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r eq u ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

F a b r ic a t e s , in s t a lls , and m a in ta in s in g ood r e p a ir the s h e e t- m e ta l equ ipm ent and fix tu r e s (such
as m a ch in e g u a rd s , g r e a s e pan s, s h e lv e s , lo c k e r s , tan k s, v e n t ila t o r s , ch u tes, ducts, m e ta l ro o fin g )
o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P la n n in g and la y in g out a ll ty p e s o f s h eetmeted. m a in ten a n ce w o rk f r o m b lu e p r in ts , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c ific a tio n s ; settin g up and o p e ra tin g a ll
a v a ila b le ty p e s o f s h e e t- m e ta l w o rk in g m a c h in e s ; using a v a r ie t y o f handtools in cu ttin g, ben din g,
fo r m in g , shaping, fittin g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s ta llin g s h e e t- m e ta l a r t ic le s as r e q u ire d . In g e n e r a l,
the w o r k o f the m ain ten a n ce s h e e t- m e ta l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s rounded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally
a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r eq u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
C o n s tru c ts and r e p a ir s j i g s , fix t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o ls , ga u g e s , o r m e ta l d ie s o r m o ld s u sed in
shaping o r fo r m in g m e t a l o r
n o n - m e t a llic m a t e r ia l (e .g ., p la s tic , p la s t e r ,
ru b b e r, g la s s ).
W o rk
t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s : P la n n in g and la y in g out w o r k a c c o rd in g to m o d e ls , b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s , o r o th er
w r itte n o r o r a l s p e c ific a tio n s ; u n d erstan d in g the w o rk in g p r o p e r tie s o f com m on m e ta ls and a llo y s ;
s e le c tin g a p p ro p ria te m a t e r ia ls , t o o ls , and p r o c e s s e s r e q u ir e d to c o m p le te task ; m akin g n e c e s s a r y
shop com p u tation ; settin g up and o p e ra tin g v a r io u s m a ch in e t o o ls and r e la te d equ ipm en t; using v a rio u s
t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's h an dtools and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; w o rk in g to v e r y c lo s e to le r a n c e s ;
h e a t-tr e a tin g m e t a l p a rts and fin is h e d t o o ls and d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a litie s ; fittin g and
a s s e m b lin g p a rts to p r e s c r ib e d t o le r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s . In g e n e r a l, to o l and die m a k e r 's w o rk
r e q u ir e s rounded tr a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and to o lr o o m p r a c tic e u su a lly a cq u ired th rou gh fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a g e study p u rp o s e s , th is c la s s ific a t io n d oes not in clu de to o l and die
m a k e r s who (1 ) a re e m p lo y e d in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g shops o r (2 ) p ro d u ce fo r g in g d ies (d ie s in k e r s ).

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
GUARD AND W A TC H M E N

L A B O R E R , M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

G u a rd . P e r f o r m s ro u tin e p o lic e d u tie s , e ith e r at fix e d post o r on to u r , m a in ta in in g o r d e r ,
using, a rm s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
In clu d es gu ards who a r e station ed at g a te and ch eck on
id e n tity o f e m p lo y e e s and o th e r p e rs o n s e n t e r in g .

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a re h o u s e , m a n u fa ctu rin g p lan t, s t o r e , o r o th er esta b lis h m e n t w h ose
du ties in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : L o a d in g and unloading v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and m e rc h a n d is e
on o r f r o m fr e ig h t c a r s , tr u c k s , o r o th e r tr a n s p o r tin g d e v ic e s ; unpacking, s h e lv in g , o r pla cin g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e rc h a n d is e in p r o p e r s to r a g e lo c a tio n ; and tr a n s p o r tin g m a t e r ia ls o r m e rc h a n d is e by
h an d tru ck , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e w o r k e r s , who lo a d and unload ships a r e e x c lu d e d .

W a tc h m a n .
and i l l e g a l e n tr y .

M a k es

rounds o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p ro te c tin g p r o p e r ty a ga in st f i r e , th e ft,

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R

C le a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r ly co n d itio n fa c t o r y w o rk in g a re a s and w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m is e s
o f an o f f ic e , a p a rtm en t h o u se, o r c o m m e r c ia l o r o th er e s ta b lish m en t. Duties in v o lv e a co m b in a tio n o f
th e f o llo w in g : S w eep in g , m o p p in g o r sc ru b b in g , and p o lish in g f lo o r s ; re m o v in g c h ip s, tr a s h , and o th e r
r e fu s e ; d u stin g e q u ip m en t, fu r n itu r e , o r fix t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e ta l fix tu r e s o r t r im m in g s ; p ro v id in g
s u p p lie s and m in o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v ic e s ; and c lea n in g la v a t o r ie s , s h o w e rs , and r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s
w h o s p e c ia liz e in w in d ow w a s h in g a r e e x c lu d e d .




O RD ER F IL L E R
F i l l s sh ippin g o r t r a n s fe r o r d e r s f o r fin is h e d g o o d s fr o m s to r e d m e rc h a n d is e in a c c o rd a n c e
w ith s p e c ific a tio n s on s a le s s lip s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s tru c tio n s .
M a y , in addition to
fillin g o r d e r s and in d ic a tin g ite m s f i l l e d o r o m itte d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f ou tgoin g o r d e r s , re q u is itio n
a d d itio n a l stock o r r e p o r t sh o rt su p p lies to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r fo r m o th e r r e la te d duties.
P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p rod u cts f o r sh ipm en t o r s to r a g e b y p la c in g th e m in shipping c o n ta in e rs ,
the s p e c ific o p e ra tio n s p e r fo r m e d b e in g dependent upon the ty p e , s iz e , and n u m ber o f units to be
p a c k e d , the ty p e o f c o n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , and m eth od o f sh ip m en t. W o rk re q u ir e s the p la cin g o f ite m s
in sh ippin g c o n ta in e rs and m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f v a r io u s ite m s of

stock in o r d e r to v e r i f y con ten t; s e le c tio n o f a p p ro p ria te ty p e and s iz e o f c o n ta in e r ; in s e r tin g
e n c lo s u re s in c o n ta in e r; using e x c e ls io r o r o th e r m a t e r ia l to p re v e n t b re a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c lo s in g and
s e a lin g c o n ta in e r; and ap p lyin g la b e ls o r e n te rin g id e n tify in g data on c o n ta in e r. P a c k e r s w ho a ls o m ak e
w ooden b o x e s o r c r a t e s a re exc lu d e d .

fo llo w s :

F o r w age

study p u rp o s e s ,

w o rk ers

a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

R e c e iv in g c le r k
Shipping c le r k
Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k

T R U C K D R IV E R
D r iv e s a tru c k w ith in a c ity o r in d u s tr ia l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r ia ls , m e rc h a n d is e , equ ip m en t,
o r w o r k e r s b etw een v a r io u s ty p e s o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts such a s: M a n u fa ctu rin g p la n tg , fr e ig h t d e p o ts,
w a re h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r b etw een r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n ts and c u s to m e r s '
houses o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M a y a ls o lo a d o r unload tru ck w ith o r w ith ou t h e lp e r s , m ak e m in o r
m e c h a n ic a l r e p a ir s , and k eep tru c k in good w o rk in g o r d e r .
S a le s - r o u te and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s
a r e ex clu d ed .




as

T r u c k d r iv e r (co m b in a tio n o f s iz e s lis t e d s e p a r a t e ly )
T r u c k d r iv e r , lig h t (u n der IV 2 to n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , m ed iu m (IV 2 to and in clu d in g 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h ea vy (o v e r 4 to n s, t r a i l e r ty p e )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h ea vy (o v e r 4 to n s, o th e r than t r a i l e r t y p e )

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e fo r sh ip m en t, o r r e c e iv e s and is re s p o n s ib le fo r in c o m in g sh ipm en ts
o f m e rc h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r ia ls .
S hipping w o r k in v o lv e s : A k n o w le d g e o f sh ip p in g p r o c e d u r e s ,
p r a c t ic e s , r o u te s , a v a ila b le m ea n s o f tr a n s p o r ta tio n , and ra te s ; and p r e p a r in g r e c o r d s o f the goods
sh ip p ed , m akin g up b ills o f la d in g , p o stin g w e ig h t and sh ippin g c h a r g e s , and k e e p in g a f i l e o f shipping
r e c o r d s . M a y d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p r e p a r in g the m e rc h a n d is e fo r sh ip m en t. R e c e iv in g w o rk in v o lv e s :
V e r ify in g o r d ir e c tin g o th e rs in v e r ify in g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f sh ip m en ts a ga in st b ills o f la d in g , in v o ic e s ,
o r o th er r e c o r d s ; ch eck in g fo r s h o rta g e s and r e je c t in g d a m a ged g o o d s ; rou tin g m e rc h a n d is e o r
m a te r ia ls to p r o p e r d e p a rtm e n ts ; and m a in ta in in g n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and file s .

F o r w age study p u rp o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c l a s s if ie d b y s iz e and ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t,
(T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r should be ra te d on the b a s is o f t r a i l e r c a p a c ity .)

T R U C K E R , PO W ER

good s

O p era tes a m an u ally c o n tr o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic - p o w e r e d tru ck o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t
and m a te r ia ls o f a ll kinds about a w a re h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu rin g p lan t, o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
F o r w age study p u rp o s e s ,

w ork ers

a r e c la s s ifie d b y ty p e o f tru c k ,

as fo llo w s :

T r u c k e r , p o w e r (fo r k lift )
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (o th e r than fo r k l i f t )
W AREHOUSEM AN
A s d ir e c te d , p e r fo r m s a v a r ie t y o f w a re h o u s in g d u ties w h ich r e q u ir e an u n d ersta n d in g o f
the e s ta b lis h m e n t's s to ra g e p la n . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : V e r ify in g m a te r ia ls (o r
m e r c h a n d is e ) against r e c e iv in g docu m en ts, notin g and r e p o r tin g d is c r e p a n c ie s and o b vio u s d a m a g e s ;
ro u tin g m a te r ia ls to p r e s c r ib e d s to ra g e lo c a tio n s ; s to r in g , s ta c k in g , o r p a lle t iz in g m a t e r ia ls in
a c c o rd a n c e w ith p r e s c r ib e d s to ra g e m eth o d s; r e a r r a n g in g and ta k in g in v e n to r y o f s t o r e d m a t e r ia ls ;
e x a m in in g sto red m a te r ia ls and re p o rtin g d e te r io r a tio n and d a m a g e; re m o v in g m a t e r ia l fr o m s to r a g e
and p r e p a r in g it fo r shipm ent. M a y o p e ra te hand o r p o w e r tru c k s in p e r fo r m in g w a re h o u s in g d u ties.
E xclu de w o r k e r s w hose p r im a r y d u ties in v o lv e sh ip p in g and r e c e iv in g w o rk (s e e sh ippin g and
r e c e iv in g c le r k and p a c k e r, sh ip p in g), o r d e r f illin g (s e e o r d e r f i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a tin g p o w e r tr u c k s (s e e
tr u c k e r , p o w e r).

Area W age Surveys
A lis t o f the la te s t a v a ila b le b u lle tin s o r b u lle tin su pplem en ts is p re s e n te d b e lo w .
A d ir e c t o r y o f
S tan d ard s A d m in is tr a tio n o f the D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on req u est.
B u lle tin s m a y be p u rc h a s e d
o b ta in ed w ith ou t c o s t, w h e r e in d ic a te d , fr o m B L S r e g io n a l o ffic e s .

A rea

B u lle tin n u m b er
and p r ic e *

A k ro n , O h io , D ec. 1974---------------------------- ------------------------ —_________________________ __ Suppl.
F ree
Albany^-Schenectady—T r o y , N . Y ., S e p t. 1974___________ ____ . ________________________ ______ Suppl.
F ree
A lb u q u e rq u e , N . M e x . , M a r . 1974 2------------------------------------------------------------------- ----- Suppl.
F ree
E
F ree
A llen to w n —B e th le h e m — a s to n , P a .—N .J ., M a y 1974 2 _____ —_____________________________Suppl.
A n a h eim —
Santa Ana— a rd e n G r o v e , C a lif . , O ct. 1974 1
G
------------------------------------------ - 1850-9, 85 cents
A tla n ta , G a ., M a y 1975 1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1850-25, $1 .0 0
A u stin , T e x . , D ec. 1974______
.S u p p l.
F ree
B a lt im o r e , M d ., Aug. 1974----------------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------Suppl.
F ree
B e a u m o n t- P o r t A r t h u r - O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 19 74 2 ___________________________________ ...S u p p l.
F ree
B il lin g s , M o n t., July 1974 1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1850-6, 75 cen ts
B in gh a m to n , N . Y . - P a . , J u ly 1974---- ----------------- ----------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
B irm in g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1975---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
B o is e C it y , Idah o, N o v . 19 73 2 ______________________________
.S u p p l.
F ree
B o s to n , M a s s ., A ug. 1974______________________________________________________________ ______Suppl.
F ree
B u ffa lo , N .Y ., O ct. 1974-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Suppl.
F ree
B u rlin g to n , V t ., D ec. 1973 2 ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 1_________ Suppl.
_
F ree
C an ton , O h io , M a y 1975_—______ -_____________________________ -______________________________Suppl.
F ree
C h a r le s to n , W . V a ., M a r . 19 74 2 ---------------------------------------------------Suppl.
F ree
C h a r lo tte , N .C ., Jan. 19 74 2 ______
....S u p p l.
F ree
C h a tta n o o ga , T e n n .- G a ., S ep t. 1974 ____ ____________________________________________________Suppl.
F ree
C h ic a g o , 111., M a y 1975__________ _________ ____________________________________________________ 1850-33, 85 cen ts
C in c in n a ti, O h io - K y .- I n d ., F e b . 1975____________________________________ ____ _____________ Suppl.
F ree
C le v e la n d , O h io , Sept. 1974 1_________________________________________________________________ 1850-17, $ 1 .0 0
C o lu m b u s, O h io , O ct. 1974_______________________________________ ____________________________Suppl.
F ree
C o rp u s C h r is t i, T e x ., J u ly 1974 1___________________________________________________________ 1850-3, 75 cents
D a lla s , T e x . , O ct. 1973 2 __________________________________ ___________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
D a l la s - F o r t W o rth , T e x . , O ct. 1974________________________________________________________ .S u p p l.
F ree
D a v e n p o r t-R o c k Islan d—M o lin e , I o w a - I l l . , F e b . 1975-------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
D ayton , O h io, D ec. 1974 1 -____________________________________________________________________ 1850-14, 80 cen ts
D aytona B e a c h , F la ., A ug. 1974 1 __________________________________________________________ _ 1850-1, 75 cen ts
F ree
D e n v e r, C o lo ., D ec. 1973 2_________ -_________________________________________________________Suppl.
D e n v e r - B o u ld e r , C o lo ., D ec. 1974 1________________________________________________________ 1850-15, 85 cen ts
Des M o in e s , Io w a , M a y 1974 2 _______________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
D e tr o it, M ic h ., M a r. 1975 ___________________________________________________________________ 1850-22, 85 cents
D u rh am , N .C ., D ec. 1973 2____________________________________________________________________ 1795-9, 65 cents
F o r t L a u d e r d a le —H o lly w o o d and W e s t P a lm B e a c h —B oca R a ton , F la . , A p r . 1975 1 1850-26, 80 cents
_
F o r t W o rth , T e x ., O ct. 1973 2 ____________________________
Suppl.
F ree
F r e s n o , C a l i f . 1 3_____________________________________________________ _________________________ _
G a in e s v ille , F la ., Sept. 1974 1 _______________________________________________________________ 1850-11, 75 cen ts
G re e n B a y , W is ., July 1974____________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
G r e e n s b o r o —W in s to n -S a le m — ig h P o in t , N . C . , A u g . 1974 1
H
________________________ ____ 1850-2, 80 cents
G r e e n v ille , S .C ., M a y 1974______ -___________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
H a r tfo r d , Conn. , M a r . 1975 1______________ __________ _____ _________________________________ 1850-28, 80 cents
Suppl.
F ree
H ou ston, T e x . , A p r. 1975______________________________
H u n ts v ille , A la ., F e b . 1975_________________________-_______________________________________ - Suppl.
F ree
In d ia n a p o lis , In d ., O ct. 1974__ —____
Suppl.
F ree
J a ck so n , M i s s . , F e b . 1975 _______________ -____________________________________________ ______ Suppl.
F ree
J a c k s o n v ille , F la . , D ec. 1974________________________________________________
Suppl.
F ree
K an sas C it y , M o .- K a n s ., Sept. 1974______________
Suppl.
F ree
L a w r e n c e —H a v e r h ill, M a s s .—N .H ., June 1974 2 _____ . ____________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
L e x in g to n —F a y e t t e , K y . , N o v . 1974_____________________________ —_______________________ _ Suppl.
_
F ree
L it t le R ock —N o rth L it t le R o c k , A r k ., Ju ly 1973 2 ____________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
L o s A n g e le s —L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , O ct. 1974__________________________________________________Suppl.
F ree
L o s A n g e le s —L o n g B e a c h and A n a h e im —
Santa Ana— ard en
G
F ree
G r o v e , C a l i f . , O ct. 1973 2 ___________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
L o u is v ille , K y .—In d., N o v . 1974 1________________________ ___ ____________________________-— 1850-12, 80 cents
L u b b o ck , T e x . , M a r . 1974 2__ __ _________ ____ __________________________________________— Suppl.
F ree
M a n c h e s te r , N .H ., J u ly 1973 2 ___________ . __________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
75 cen ts
M e lb o u rn e —T it u s v ille —C o c o a , F l a . , A ug. 1974 1______ . __ -___ ___ ________________________ 1850-5,
*
1
2
3

Prices are determined by the Government Printing O ffice and are subject to change.
Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
No longer surveyed.
T o be surveyed.




a r e a w a g e stu d ies in clu d in g m o r e lim it e d stu d ies con du cted at the req u est o f the E m p lo ym en t
fr o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l o ffic e s shown on the back c o v e r .
B u lle tin su pplem en ts m a y be

A rea

B u lle tin num ber
and p r ic e *

M e m p h is , T en n .—A r k .— i s s . , N o v . 1974_____________________—---- — ----------------------------Suppl.
M
F ree
M ia m i, F la . , O ct. 1974——-------------------------------- ---------- -------------------------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
M id la n d and O d e s s a , T e x ., Jan. 1974 2 —— ---- --------------- — -------------------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1850-21, 85 cents
M ilw a u k e e , W i s ., A p r . 1975 1
M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l, M inn.— i s ., Jan. 1975 1___________________________________________ 1850-20, $ 1.05
W
M u skegon —M u sk egon H e ig h ts , M ic h ., June 1974 2 --------------— ---------------- ------ ---------- Suppl.
F ree
N a s s a u -S u ffo lk , N .Y . 1 3__________________________ —------------------------------------------------------N e w a r k , N .J ., Jan. 1975 1 ____________________________________________________________________ 1850-18, $ 1.00
F ree
N e w a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N .J .. Jam. 1974 2 ---------------------------------------------- —------------ Suppl.
N ew H a ven , C o n n ., Jan. 1974 2--------------------------------- ------------------- — -----------------------Suppl.
F ree
N ew O r le a n s , L a . , J an. 1975__________________ -____________________ ______________ __________ Suppl.
F re e
N ew Y o r k , N .Y .- N .J . 1 3_______________________________________________________________________
N ew Y o r k and N a s s a u -S u ffo lk , N . Y . , A p r . 1974 2----------------------- — ------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B each —P o r ts m o u th , V a .—N . C . , M a y 1975------------------------------------- 1850-29, 65 cents
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B e a c h - P o r t s m outh and N e w p o rt N e w s —
H am pton , V a . , M a y 1975 ________________________________________________ —________________ 1850-30, 65 cents
N o r th e a s t P e n n s y lv a n ia , A u g. 1974 1------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1850-8, 80 cents
O k la h om a C ity , O k la ., A ug. 1974 1------------ — --------------------------—------ — ----- ------------- 1850-7,
80 cents
O m ah a, N e b r .—Io w a , O ct. 1974 1__________ __________________________________________________ 1850-10, 80 cents
P a t e r s o n —C lifto n — a s s a ic , N .J ., June 1974_____________________ _______________ _________ Suppl.
P
F ree
F ree
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .—N .J ., N o v. 1974__________________________________________________________ Suppl.
P h o e n ix , A r i z ., June 1974 2------ ---------------------------------- —--------------—------------------------ Suppl.
F ree
P itts b u rg h , P a . , Jan. 1975________________________________,
_________—---- -------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
P o r tla n d , M a in e , N o v . 1974___________________________________________________________________Suppl.
F ree
P o r tla n d , O r e g .- W a s h ., M a y 1974 1 _________________________________________________________ 1795-26, 85 cen ts
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N . Y . 1 3___________________________________________—____ —___ -_________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie —K in g s to n —N ew b u rgh , N . Y . , June 1974---------- --------------—----- -------------- Suppl.
F ree
P r o v id e n c e —W a r w ic k —P a w tu c k e t,R .I.—M a s s ., June 1975------------------------------------------ 1850-27, 75 cents
R a le ig h , N .C ., D ec. 1973 1 2 __________________________________________________________________ 1795-7, 65 cents
R a le ig h —D u rh am , N .C ., F e b . 1975--------—----------------- —----------- —— —
____ __________ Suppl.
F ree
R ich m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1974 1 — —---------- —------- —--------------------— ---------------- ---- ---------- 1795-25, 80 cents
R iv e r s id e —San B e r n a r d in o — n ta r io , C a lif., D e c . 1973 2 ________ ___________________________ Suppl.
O
F ree
F ree
R o c k fo r d , 111., June 19742 ----------------------------------------------------- ---------------------- ----------Suppl.
St. L o u is , M o .—111., M a r . 1975_________________________________ ____ __ —____ _ ____________ Suppl.
_
F ree
S a c ra m e n to , C a lif., D ec. 1974 1 _____________________________________________________________ 1850-19, 80 cen ts
S agin aw , M ic h . , N o v . 1974 1 _______________________________________________________ __________ 1850-16, 75 cen ts
S alt L a k e C ity — gd en , U tah, N o v . 1974____________________________________________________Suppl.
O
F ree
San A n to n io , T e x . , M a y 1975_________________________________________________________________ 1850-23, 65 cents
San D ie g o , C a lif . , N o v . 1974 1______ - __________—________________ ___ ______ _______ ___ _______ 1850-13, 80 cents
San F r a n c is c o -O a k la n d , C a lif., M a r . 1975 1----------------------------------------------------------- 1850-35, $1.00
San J o s e , C a lif., M a r . 1975 1___________________ -______________________-_____ -______ - _______ 1850-36, 85 cents
Savannah, G a . , M a y 1974 2 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Suppl.
F ree
S cra n to n , P a . , Ju ly 1973 1 2________-____________________________________ ___ _________________ 1795-3,
55 cents
S ea ttle—E v e re tt, W a s h ., Jan. 1975--------------------------------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
S ioux F a lls , S. D a k ., D ec. 1973 2 _____________ - _______________________ ___ _________________ Suppl.
F ree
South B en d , In d ., M a r . 1975_______ - _____ - —_________________ -______ —— -______________Suppl.
F ree
Spokane, W a s h ., June 1974 2 _________________________ ________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
S y ra c u s e , N . Y . , Ju ly 1974 1__________________________________ -___________________ ___________ 1850-4,
80 cents
T amp a—St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . . A u g. 1973 2__________________ -_______________ ___ ___________ Suppl.
F ree
T o le d o , O h io— ic h ., M a y 1975 1------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1850-34, 80 cents
M
T r e n to n , N .J ., Sept. 1974___________________________________________________________ -_________ Suppl.
F ree
W a s h in gto n , D .C .— d .—V a . , M a r . 1975 1 __________________ -______ -______________ _________ 1850-31, $ 1 .00
M
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n ., M a r . 1974 2 _______ ___ ____________________________________ ___ __________Suppl.
F ree
W a t e r lo o , Io w a , N o v. 1973 1 2 ______ ___ ___ __ ___ ______________ ___ _ ____ ______ ....__________ 1795-5,
_
60 cents
W e s tc h e s te r C ou n ty, N .Y 3 _____________ ______ ____________________ ____ ____ ___ ___ ___ _______
W ic h ita , K a n s ., A p r . 1975____ -____ —_____ ______ ___ _________________________ „______________ Suppl.
F ree
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., M a y 1975 1________________ _________________ ____________ _____ __ _______ 1850-24, 80 cents
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1975 1 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1850- 32, 80 cents
Y ou n gstow n —W a r r e n , O h io, N o v . 19 73 2 _____ ______ -___________________________ ___________ Suppl.
F ree

THIRD CLASS MAIL
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
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BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
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U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

OFFICIAL BUSINESS
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LAB - 441

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T I S T I C S R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S
Region I

Region II

1603 J F K Federal Building
G overnm ent C enter
Boston, Mass. 0 2 2 0 3
P h o n e :2 23-6 76 1 (A rea Code 6 1 7)

S u ite 34 0 0
15 1 5 B roadw ay
N e w Y o rk , N .Y . 1 0 0 3 6
P h o n e :9 7 1 -5 4 0 5 (A rea Code 21 2 )

C onnecticut
M aine
Massachusetts
N e w Ham pshire
Rh ode Island
V e rm o n t

N e w Jersey
N e w Y o rk
P u erto Rico
V irg in Islands

Region V
9 th F loor, 2 30 S. D e arb o rn St.
Chicago, III. 606 04
P h o n e :3 53-1 880 (A rea Code 3 1 2 )
Illin o is
In diana
M ichigan
M innesota
O h io
Wisconsin




Region V I

Region I II

Region IV

P.O. Box 1 3 309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 5 9 6 11 5 4 (A rea Code 2 1 5 )
D elaw are
D istrict o f C o lu m b ia
M aryla nd
Pennsylvania
V irg in ia
West V irg in ia

Regions V I I ano V I I I

Second F lo o r
5 5 5 G r iffin Square Building
Dallas, Tex. 7 5 2 0 2
P h o n e :7 4 9 -3 5 1 6 (A re a C o d e 2 1 4 )

Federal O ffic e Building
911 W alnut SL, 15 th Floor
Kansas City,, M o. 6 4 1 0 6
P h o n e :3 74- 2481 (A rea Code 81 6 )

Louisiana
Jew M exico
O klah o m a
Texas

V II
Io w a
Kansas
Missouri
Nebraska

V III
C o lorad o
M o n tan a
N o rth Dakota
South D akota
U tah
W yom ing

S u ite 540
1371 Peachtree St. N .E .
A tla n ta , Ga. 303 0 9
P h o n e :5 2 6 -5 4 1 8 (A rea Code 4 04 )
Alabam a
Florid a
Georgia
K e n tu cky
Mississippi
N o rth Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee
Regions IX and X
45 0 Golden G ate Ave.
Box 360 1 7
San Francisco, C alif. 9 4 1 0 2
Phone: 5 5 6 -4 6 7 8 (A rea Code
IX
A rizona
Califo rn ia
H aw aii
Nevada

X
Alaska
Idaho
Oregon
W ashington


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