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AREA WAGE SURVEY
Green Bay, Wisconsin, Metropolitan Area
July 1975
Bulletin 1850-44




U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
_ _ Bureau of Labor Statistics




Preface
This bulletin provides results of a July 1975 survey of occupational earnings and
supplementary wage benefits in the Green Bay, Wisconsin, Standard Metropolitan Statistical
Area (Brown County), The survey was made as part of the Bureau of Labor Statistics' annual
area wage survey program. The program is designed to yield data for individual metropolitan
areas, as well as national and regional estimates for all Standard Metropolitan Statistical
Areas in the United States, excluding Alaska and Hawaii.
A major consideration in the area wage survey program is the need to describe the
level and movement of wages in a variety of labor markets, through the analysis of (1) the
level and distribution of wages by occupation, and (2) the movement of wages by occupational
category and skill level. The program develops information that may be used for many
purposes, including wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and assistance
in determining plant location. Survey results also are used by the U.S, Department of
Labor to make wage determinations under the Service Contract Act of 1965.
Currently, 83 areas are included in the program, (See list of areas on inside back
cover.) In each area, occupational earnings data are collected annually. Information on
establishment practices and supplementary wage benefits is obtained every third year.
Each year after all individual area wage surveys have been completed, two summary
bulletins are issued. The first brings together data for each metropolitan area surveyed. The
second summary bulletin presents national and regional estimates, projected from individual
metropolitan area data.
The Green Bay survey was conducted by the Bureau's regional office in Chicago,
111,, under the general direction of Lois L. Orr, Associate Assistant Regional Director for
Operations. The survey could not have been accomplished without the cooperation of the
many firms whose wage and salary data provided the basis for the statistical information in
this bulletin. The Bureau wishes to express sincere appreciation for the cooperation received.

AREA WAGE SURVEY

Bulle tin 1 8 5 0 - 4 4

U.S. D E P A R T M E N T OF LA BO R, John T . Dunlop, Secretary

November 1975

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S , Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

Green Bay, Winconsin, Metropolitan Area, July 1975
CONTENTS

Page

Introduction

2

T ables:
A. Earnings:
A - l. Weekly earnings of office workers----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical w orkers_______________________________________________________________
A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex____________________________________
A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance and powerplant workers_____________________________________________________________
A-5. Hourly earnings of custodial and material movement w orkers________________________________________________________
A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant, custodial, and material movement workers, by sex_______
A - 7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts—
B.

Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:
B - l. Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks____________________________________________________
B-2. Late-shift pay provisions for full-time manufacturing plant w orkers________________________________________________
B-3. Scheduled weekly hours and days of full-time first-shift workers____________________________________________________
B-4. Annual paid holidays for full-time w orkers___________________________________________________________________________
B-4a. Identification of major paid holidays for full-time w orkers__________________________________________________________
B-5, Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers_______________________________________________________________________
B-6, Health, insurance, and pension plan provisions for full-time w orkers______________________________________________

3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1
0
H
1
2
13

14
1
5
18

Appendix A. Scope and method of survey_______________ _____ ______________ _________ ________ ____ _____ _____________ ___________ _ 21
Appendix B. Occupational descriptions______________________________________________________________________________________________ 25




For sale by the Superintendent o f D ocum ents, U .S . G overn m en t Printing O ffic e , W ashington, D. C . 20402, GPO Bookstores, or
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Introduction
This area is 1 of 83 in which the U.S. Department of Labor's
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings and
related benefits on an areawide basis. In this area, data were obtained
by personal visits of Bureau field economists to representative estab­
lishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transpor­
tation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail
trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major industry
groups excluded from these studies are government operations and the
construction and extractive industries. Establishments having fewer than
a prescribed number of workers are omitted because of insufficient
employment in the occupations studied. Separate tabulations are provided
for each of the broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.
A-series tables
Tables A - 1 through A-6 provide estimates of straight-time
hourly or weekly earnings for workers in occupations common to a
variety of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupations
were selected from the following categories: (a) Office clerical, (b) pro­
fessional and technical, (c) maintenance and powerplant, and (d) custodial
and material movement. In the 31 largest survey areas, tables A -la
through A-6a provide similar data for establishments employing 500
workers or more.
Following the occupational wage tables is table A-7 which
provides percent changes in average earnings of office clerical work­
ers, electronic data processing workers, industrial nurses, skilled




maintenance workers, and unskilled plant workers. This measure of
wage trends eliminates changes in average earnings caused by employ­
ment shifts among establishments as well as turnover of establishments
included in survey samples. Where possible, data are presented for all
industries, manufacturing, and nonmanufacturing. Appendix A discusses
this wage trend measure.
B-series tables
The B-series tables present information on minimum entrance
salaries for office workers; late-shift pay provisions and practices for
plant workers in manufacturing; and data separately for plant and office
workers on scheduled weekly hours and days of first-shift workers; paid
holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans.
Appendixes
This bulletin has two appendixes. Appendix A describes the
methods and concepts used in the area wage survey program. It provides
information on the scope of the area survey and information on the area's
industrial composition in manufacturing. It also provides information
on labor-management agreement coverage. Appendix B provides job
descriptions used by Bureau field economists to classify workers in
occupations for which straight-time earnings information is presented.




N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—
S

3
80

weekly
Median *

Middle ranged

4 0 .0
3 9 ,o
4 0 .0

$
1 6 4 .5 0
1 8 4 .5 0
1 8 5 .0 0

$
$
$
1 6 1 .5 0 1 3 6 .0 0 - 2 3 4 .5 0
171 .0 0 1 5 3 .0 C -2 1 6 .0 0
2 0 1 .0 0 1 2 5 .5 0 - 2 3 5 .0 0

101
!02

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 2 4 .5 0
1 4 3 .5 0
1 1 5 .0 0

1 1 7 .0 0
1 3 9 .5 0
1 0 4 .0 0

21

4 0 .0

1 2 2 .0 0

21

3 9 .0

34
20

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

59
22
37

$

$

$

$

S

$

$

$

%

$

$

$

$

$

S

$

1 ------ $
28o
270

100

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

23p

240

250

260

270

280

300

5
-

-

-

5

5
2
3

5
2
3

and
u n der
90

19
49
70

S
90

1

1

-

-

1

1

5
5

7
7

10
4
6

11
4
7

7
4
3

2
2
“

11
9
2

4
4
-

2
2
-

6
3
3

4
3
1

7
2
5

9
1
8

13
5
8

4
2
2

9 5 .5 0 - 1 4 3 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0 - 1 6 6 .5 0
8 6 .0 0 - 1 3 2 .0 0

52
52

44
5
39

34
14
20

29
10
19

25
6
19

32
15
17

23
16
7

11
6
5

6
4
2

15
7
a

13
8
5

4
4

2
2

3
3

6
6
-

2
2
-

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 2 4 .0 0

1 0 7 .0 0 - 1 3 5 .0 0

-

3

4

3

5

2

-

3

-

l

1 6 1 .5 0

1 5 3 .0 0

1 4 7 .0 0 - 1 9 8 .5 0

-

-

-

3

-

2

2

6

-

-

1

7

1 7 7 .0 0
1 6 8 .5 0

1 7 6 .5 0
1 6 5 .5 0

1 5 3 .0 0 - 2 0 4 .5 0
1 4 8 .0 0 - 1 8 7 .0 0

-

.

-

1
-

1
1

3
2

2
2

3
2

4
2

3
1

6
5

_

-

1
1

-

2
2

1
-

3
2

4
-

-

-

-

-

-

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 3 5 .0 0
1 5 1 .0 0
1 2 5 .5 0

1 2 8 .0 0
1 6 0 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0

1 1 2 .0 0 - 1 6 1 .0 0
1 3 2 .0 0 - 1 7 4 .5 0
1 1 0 .0 0 - 1 3 6 .0 0

-

-

-

-

10
2
8

9
6
3

1
1

1
1
-

12
5
7

5
5

-

11
11

1
1

-

9
2
7

98
44
54

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

1 0 7 .5 0
1 1 9 .5 0
9 8 .0 0

1 0 8 .0 0
1 1 8 .0 0
9 3 .0 0

9 2 .0 0 - 1 1 8 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0 - 1 3 0 .0 0
8 9 .0 0 - 1 0 8 .0 0

24
1
23

12
1
11

15
6
9

24
15
9

12
10
2

8
8

3
3

[49
66
63

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 5 6 .0 0
1 7 3 .5 0
1 4 2 .0 0

1 4 4 .0 0
1 6 4 .0 0
1 3 3 .5 0

1 2 5 .5 0 - 1 8 1 .5 0
1 4 4 .0 0 - 1 9 6 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0 - 1 5 5 .5 0

-

4

-

-

8
1
7

19
2
17

20
6
14

20
10
10

6
5
1

12
7
5

9
6
3

5
2
3

9
7
2

2
2
-

.

-

-

2
2
-

.

-

12
4
8

4
4

4

13
4
9

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

19
15

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 7 1 .0 0
1 7 7 .0 0

1 6 2 .5 0
1 6 4 .0 0

1 4 2 .5 0 - 1 9 7 .5 0
1 4 5 .5 0 - 2 1 4 .5 0

•

-

-

-

1
1

2
1

1
1

3
2

1
-

1
1

1
1

1
1

-

2
2

-

2
2

-

44
27
17

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 8 1 .0 0
1 8 1 .0 0
1 8 1 .5 0

1 6 7 .0 0
1 6 1 .0 0
1 7 2 .5 0

1 4 6 .0 0 - 2 2 0 .5 0
1 4 7 .5 0 - 2 1 9 .5 0
1 4 4 .5 0 - 2 2 6 .0 0

2

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

2
1
1

3
1
2

-

3
3
-

7
2
5

75
19
56

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 3 5 .0 0
1 6 1 .5 0
1 2 5 .5 0

1 2 9.00
1 5 7 .0 0
1 2 4 .0 0

1 1 5 .0 0 - 1 4 2 .5 0
1 3 6 .5 0 - 1 9 6 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0 - 1 3 4 .5 0

-

4

6

1

-

1
1

1

4

1

5
5
-

1
1

-

12
3
9

125
451

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 5 4 .5 0
1 4 1 .5 0

1 6 1 .5 0
1 4 0 .0 0

1 3 2 .0 0 -1 7 8 .5 0
1 2 2 .5 0 - 1 6 0 .5 0

3
2

4
2

4&!

1 6 3 .5 0
1 5 9 .0 0

1 6 4 .0 0
1 5 7 .0 0

1 4 3 .0 0 - 1 8 2 .0 0
1 4 3 .0 0 - 1 7 0 .0 0

-

38

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

46
29
17

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 2 8 .0 0
1 2 7 .5 0
1 2 8 .5 0

1 2 5 .5 0
1 2 5 .0 0
1 2 6 .0 0

1 1 0 .5 0 - 1 3 4 .5 0
1 1 1 .5 0 - 1 3 5 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0 - 1 3 3 .0 0

28
25

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 3 8 .5 0
1 4 1 .5 0

1 3 1 .0 0
1 4 2 .0 0

26

3 9 .5

1 3 0 .5 0

1 2 5 .5 0

99

-

-

-

4
3

1
1
-

5
3
2

7
4
3

3
3
-

7
5
2

-

6

18
1
17

14
2
12

7
3
4

2
1
1

1
1

2
2
-

9
3

6
4

5
1

17
11

8
7

6
4

24
8

18
“

12
-

6
-

4
-

.

.

.

-

-

-

-

2
2

6
6

8
7

6
6

7
7

6
6

6
-

4
1

2
2

3
3
-

5
5

2
2
-

9
6
3

11
8
3

8
5
3

-

1
1
-

4
2
2

-

1
1

-

1
1
-

1 0 7 .5 0 - 1 5 9 .5 0
1 1 0 .0 0 - 1 6 4 .0 0

.

_

-

-

8
6

1
1

5
4

1
1

4
4

2
2

1
1

2
2

2
2

1 0 8 .0 0 - 1 6 1 .0 0

-

4

5

3

2

1

2

2

5

2

-

-

-

2

-

_

1

2
2

_

-

-

-

-

-

•

-

-

.

-

4
4
-

-

•

-

-

_

-

_
-

-

-

_

-

-

_

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

-

-

1

-

1

W eekly earnings 1
(standard)

Median £

M iddle ranged

S

$

$

s

140

145

150

155

160

165

-4

Mean ^

$

145

150

155

160

165

170

175

and
under
140

o

135

**

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g
S

$

$

S
175

180

180

190

5

i

260

270

280

290

28p

29Q

3QQ

1

O ccupation and in d u s try d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
w eekly
hours1
(standard)

200

21Q

220

23p

24p

:

-

2
1

-

13

6

3

9

250

260

270

-

-

-

6

-

ALL WORKERS
26
4 0 .0

$
1 6 9 .0 0
1 6 ^ .0 0

$

$
$
1 5 3 .0 0 - 1 8 6 .5 0

1

P

1
1

”
-

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS.
2 0 2 .0 0 - 2 4 4 .0 0
»

UK Ar 1L K j i

v L A -j j

-n— —■

44

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




2 1 2 .0 0 - 2 4 8 .5 0
1 8 3 .0 0 1 8 3 .0 0 -

1 9 4 .5 0
1 9 1 .0 0

1
1

10

-

-

-

-

1

3
3

22

6
6

7
7

4
4

8
8

8
8

2
2

3
•

-

1
1

-

-

1
-

1
-

-

-

-

-

1
1

4

-

-

“

-

-

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in Green Bay, Wis., July 1975
S e x , o ccu p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv is io n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

Num
ber
of
woiken

Weekly
Weekly
h rs * earnings1
ou
(standard) (standard)

MEN
52
17

Average
(mean2)

Average
(mean2)

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

$
2 3 4 .0 0
2 2 6 .5 0

Sex, o ccu p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv is io n

Num
ber
of
woiken

Weekly
Weekly
houn1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

Sex, occu p ation , and in d u a try d iv is io n

O FFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

Average
(mean*)
Weekly
W
eekly
h rs 1 earnings 1
ou
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOKEN— CONTINUED
96
64

1 8 1 .0 0

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

4 0 .0
3 8 .5

$
1 0 7 .5 0
1 2 0 .0 0
9 8 .0 0

SWITCHBOARO O PERATO R-REC EPTIO N ISTS-

46

3 9 .5

fr

1
7

$
1 2 8 .0 0
1 2 7 .5 0
1 2 8 .5 0

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

j

”■

1 5 5 .5 0

WOMEN

•i'i . O
3 9 .5
67
32

NONMANurACTUPING

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 4 6 .5 0
1 6 2 .0 0

280
84

MANUF ACT UR ING

/ 0 .0
n r.

1 2 2 .0 0

27
18

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

74

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

3 9 .5

1 6 7 .0 0
1 6 8 .5 0
1 3 5 .0 0
1 5 1 .0 0
1 2 5 .5 0

1 3 3 .5 0
1 6 1 .5 0
1 2 4 .0 0

1 3 0 .5 0

1 7 0 .0 0
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS.

48
38

-.0 .0

15 3 • 0 0
1 3 7 .5 0 UKAr 1t. r\^ .

3 9 .0

1 6 3 .5 0
1 5 9 .0 0

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




3 9 .5

2 2 5 .5 0
43

59
22
37

1 3 8 .5 0
1 4 1 .5 0

1 8 1 .0 0
1 8 1 .0 0
1 8 1 .SO

1 2 0 .0 0
1 3 7 .0 0
1 1 3 .0 0

21
"~

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

3 9 .5

1 4 1 .0 0
1 7 1 .0 0
1 7 7 .0 0

jttKC. 1AK i t j i LL Aj j L

T rAT ' UL L

28
25
26

o tu K t 1AKI t

E a rn in g s data in ta b le A - 3 r e la t e o n ly to w o r k e r s w h ose sex
id e n tific a tio n w a s p r o v id e d b y the e s ta b lis h m e n t.
E a rn in g s data in
ta b les A - l and A -2 , on the o th e r hand, r e la te to a ll w o r k e r s in an
occu p ation .
(S ee a p p en d ix A fo r p u b lica tion c r i t e r i a . )

vL AJ J A

2 3 2 .5 0
2 2 8 .0 0
1 9 6 .0 0

Hourly earnings3

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f—

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv is io n

i

S

S

S

s

4 .6 0

4 .7 0

4 .9 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

$
6 .0 0

s

4 .5 0

$
S
5 . 00 5 .2 0

S

4 .4 0

S
4 .8 0

S

4 .1 0

I
4 .3 0

M 2 Median2
ean

Middle range 2

6 .2 0

s
$
6 . 40 6 .6 0

i —
s
6 .8 0 7 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .3 0

4 .4 0

4 .5 0

4 ,6 0

4 .7 0

4 .8 0

4 .9 0

5 .0 0

5 . 20 5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6 .4 0

6 , 60 6 .8 0

7 .0 0

16

12

%

4 .0 0

of

w
orkers

t
4 .2 0

%

Num
ber

S

s
7 .2 0

1 ----7 .4 0

7 .4 0

7 .6 0

and
under
4 .1 0

7 .2 0

ALL WORKERS
$

$

'3U 1LC.K 1LNULh *3 ™
m

$

$
1
1

5 *^ 7

74

f.

5 .4 7
94

6 .3 4

r-

1

“

“

8
8

17
17

6

22
20

7

10
1

“

“

1
14

MECHANICS,

i
i

.. ,

.

“

6

8

1

3

1
1

10

15
15

3

16
16

•
•

"
“

3

2

1

1
6
6

2

i

1

12
11
1
1

*
*
•

2
"
2
2

3

57
54

2
2

97
96

8
8

10
10

*

2
2

15
*
“

“

39

38

39
39

38
38

•
•

AUTOMOTIVE
1

1

^23
91

1
1
13
1

J9

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .




'"*0 0

1

17
17

14
14

”

“

*

*

•
•

“

H
ourly earnings3

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a rn in g s o f—
S

Num
ber
O ccu p ation and in d u stry d iv is io n

2 .1 0

of

w
orkers

M 2 Median2
ean

Middle range 2

s
2 .2 0

2.4 0 2 .6 0

s
$
$
$
s
S
$
S
S
S
%
5
%
%
S
S
$
2,80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.2 0 4.4 0 4 .60 4.8 0 5.00 5.2 0 5.4 0 5.60 5.80 6 .0 0 6.40 6 .8 0

2 . 6 0 2 .8 0

3.00 3,2Q 3.40 3.60 3.80 4 t 0Q 4.2 0 4.4 0 4.6 0 4 • 89 5.00 5.2 0 5.40 5,6 0 5.80 6.00 6.40 6.80 7.20

$

$

S

$

and
under
2 . 20 , 2.4 0

ALL WORKERS
GUARDS AND WATCHMENS

JA N IT O R S .

PORTERS.

$

$

AND CLEANERS -----

525
394

3.40

$

4 .1 ^

$

4.9 7

1

2.70
4,8 9

2 .2 0 - 4.8 9
4,3 0
J.17

125

4.7 7

4 .0 0 - 4.9 3

3
1

89

44

11

7

6

MATERIAL HANOLINO -------------

4.5 9

8

4

1
1
r MvoLK j f

j l ' 1r R i . u

"

*

18
Hr

3.94
5.0 7
5*26

423

3.60
4.9 8
5.00

< 1 -1 / 2

HEAVY

2

15

36

14

41

17

18

19
19

70
68

20
20

8
8

30
30

3

4

1

2

2

9

15
1

10

16

8

47
47

103
103

30
30

2

10
10

10

-

-

8

39

2

2

1

5 0Q

18

g

5
j

7 11

1

2

57
r4

-

14

1

'Z

24

50
50

1
1

j

2

*01

2
2

47

20
20

1

(OVER A TONS.

J 1
POWER

32

0

1

TRUCKERS.

-

TO

30
TRUCKDRIVERS.

13

2

4 .3 ^

i

MEDIUM

4

4 .7 9 - S.10
4 .9 2
j .3 3

274

TRUCKDRIVERS.

7

2

1

LABORERS.

18

6

6

39
39

4 .6 6 - 5.1 3
4.->4
-'•07

F;

8

52
52

20
20

50

162
162

43

23
23

4

159
10

28

(OTHER THAN

3

4*57** 4*88
1
4*51

See fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




5*76

11

94




in Green Bay, Wis., July 1975
Sex, occu p ation , and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
woikers

Average
(m ean2 )
hourly
earnings3

Sex, occu pation, and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
(m ean 2 )
hourly
earnings3

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

28

$
5 .5 2
5 .4 5

$
5 .0 4

4 .0 8
74

__

42
M ACHINISTS*

MECHANICS.

MAINTENANCE —

—

5 .9 4

76
75

5 .5 9
5 .5 7

f

Of.

21

AUTOMOTIVE
TRUCKDRIVERS*
91
88

229

5 94
5 .9 2

MEDIUM

TRUCKDRIVERS*

HEAVY

(1 - 1 / 2

TO

7 .0 5
7 .0 7
(OVER 4 TONS*
''JC

6 60

6 .0 2
301

39
TRUCKERS,
CUSTODIAL

POWER (OTHER THAN

AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT

5 .2 5

GUARDS AND WATCHMENS
28
JA N ITO R S .

PORTERS,

ANO CLEANtRS -----

4 .5 5

510

3 .3 8
OCCUPATIONS -

WOMEN

j?
6 *7 3

S ee fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .

E a rn in g s data in ta b le A - 6 r e la t e o n ly to w o r k e r s w h ose sex
id e n tific a tio n w a s p r o v id e d b y the e s ta b lis h m e n t. E a rn in g s data in
ta b le s A - 4 and A - 5 , on the o th e r hand, r e la t e to a ll w o r k e r s in an
o ccu p a tio n .
(S ee a p p en d ix A fo r p u b lic a tio n c r it e r ia . )




Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts,
in Green Bay, Wis., July 1975
In d u stry and occu p a tio n a l
grou p

A l l in d u s tr ie s :
O ffic e c le r ic a l (m en and w o m e n )__________
E le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g (m en and w o m e n ) .........
In d u s tr ia l n u rses (m en and w om en ) .
S k ille d m a in ten a n ce tr a d e s (m en ) _
U n s k ille d plant w o r k e r s (m en )
M a n u fa c tu rin g :
O ffic e c le r ic a l (m en and w om en )
E le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g (men and w o m e n )
In d u s tria l n u rs e s (m en and w om en )
S k ille d m a in ten a n ce tr a d e s (m en)
U n s k ille d plant w o r k e r s (m en ) ____ _ ...
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g :
O ffic e c le r ic a l (m en and w om en ) .
E le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g (m en and w o m en )
In d u s tria l n u rses (m en and w om en ) _
S k ille d m ain ten an ce tr a d e s (m en )
.............
U n s k ille d plant w o r k e r s (m e n )_________________________

*
**
***

J u ly 1972
to
J u ly 1973

6.8
***
9.7
6.6

J u ly 1973
to
Ju ly 1974

July 1974
to
Ju ly 1975

* 7.9
***
***
7.1
*1 0.6

10.1
***
***
9.6
9.2

7.8
***
***

11.5
***
***
9.3
8.5

5.8
**
***
10.5
6.8

*7 .5
*1 1.4

***
**
***
***
5.3

***
***
***
***
***

R e v is e d e s tim a te .
Data not a v a ila b le .
Data do not m e e t p u b lication c r it e r ia .

N O T E : The p e rc e n t in c r e a s e s p r e s e n te d in th is ta b le a re b a s e d on ch an ges in a v e r a g e
h o u rly ea rn in g s f o r e s ta b lis h m e n ts re p o r tin g the tr e n d jo b s in b oth the c u rre n t and p re v io u s
y e a r (m a tch ed e s ta b lis h m e n ts ).
T h e y a r e not a ffe c te d b y ch an ges in a v e r a g e e a rn in g s
re s u ltin g fr o m e m p lo y m e n t s h ifts am ong e s ta b lis h m e n ts o r tu r n o v e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts
in clu d ed in s u rv e y s a m p le s .
T h e p e rc e n t in c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a r e s t ill a ffe c te d b y fa c to r s
o th e r than w age in c r e a s e s .
H ir in g s , la y o ffs , and t u r n o v e r m a y a ffe c t an e s ta b lis h m e n t
a v e r a g e f o r an o ccu p ation when w o r k e r s a r e p a id u n der plans p r o v id in g a ra n ge o f w a g e ra te s
fo r in d iv id u a l jo b s . In p e r io d s o f in c r e a s e d h ir in g , fo r e x a m p le , n ew e m p lo y e e s e n te r at the
b o tto m o f the ra n ge, d e p r e s s in g the a v e r a g e w ith ou t a change in w a g e r a te s .
T h e s e w age tre n d s a re not lin k e d to the w a ge in d e x e s p r e v io u s ly p u b lish ed fo r th is
a r e a b eca u se the w a g e in d e x e s m e a s u re d ch an ges in a r e a a v e r a g e s w h e re a s th e s e w a g e tre n d s
m e a s u re changes in m a tc h e d e s ta b lis h m e n t a v e r a g e s .
O th er c h a r a c t e r is t ic s o f th e s e w age
tre n d s w h ich d iffe r fr o m the d isco n tin u ed in d e x e s in clu d e (1 ) e a rn in g s data o f o ffic e c l e r i c a l
w o r k e r s and in d u s tria l n u rs e s a re c o n v e r te d to an h o u rly b a s is , (2 ) tre n d e s tim a te s a re
p r o v id e d f o r n on m an u factu rin g e s ta b lis h m e n ts w h e re p o s s ib le , and (3 ) tre n d e s tim a te s a re
p r o v id e d fo r e le c tr o n ic data p ro c e s s in g jo b s .
F o r a m o re d e ta ile d d e s c r ip tio n o f the m eth od used to com p u te th e s e w a g e t r e n d s , see
"Im p r o v in g A r e a W a g e S u rv e y I n d e x e s ," M on th ly L a b o r R e v ie w , Jan u ary 1973, pp. 52-57.

***
***
***
***

B. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions
Table B-1. Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks in Green Bay, Wis., July 1975
In e x p e rie n c e d ty p is ts

O th e r in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 5

M a n u fa ctu rin g
M in im u m w e e k ly s tr a ig h t - t im e s a l a r y 4

A ll
in d u s trie s

N on m a n u fa ctu rin g

B a s e d on stan d ard w e e k ly h ou rs 6 of A ll
sch ed u les

40

A ll
sch ed u les

XXX

39

XXX

9

35

19

14

16

12

2

1

-

2
1
3
1

2
1
2

2
-

“

3
3
3
3
2

1

1

1
1

2
2

1

1

1

2

6
2
1
1

39

ESTABLISHMENTS HAVING A S PE C IF IE D
MINIMUM ----------------------------------------------

26

14

10

12

2

1
1

-

1

-

1
•

1

1
2
1

1
1
1

-

1
1

1
2

2
1

3
1
2

3
1
1

2
1
1

2

1

-------------— -------—
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

5
1
1
1
1
1
-

i
i
i
“

ESTABLISHMENTS HAVING NO SP E C IF IE D
MINIMUM --------------------------------------------------

5

2

XXX

3

XXX

ESTABLISHMENTS WHICH DID NUT EMPLOY
WORKERS IN TH IS CATEGORY ------------------

42

18

XXX

24

XXX

SluO.OO
$ 1 0 5 .0 0
$ 1 1 0 .0 0
$ 1 1 5 .0 0
$ 1 2 0 .0 0
$ 1 2 5 .0 0
$ 1 3 0 .0 0
$ 1 3 5 .0 0
$ 1 4 0 .0 0
$ 1 4 5 .0 0

AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND

UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER

$ 1 0 5 .0 0
$ 1 1 0 .0G
$ 1 1 5 .0 0
$ 1 2 0 .0 0
$ 1 2 5 .0 0
$ 1 3 0 .0 0
$ 1 3 5 .0 0
$ 1 4 0 .0 0
$ 1 4 5 .0 0
$ 1 5 0 .0 0

See fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




3

3

2
1

1
-

1
1
-

1

1
*

1

-

-

40

34

XXX

$ 8 ( 1 . 0 0 ---------------$ 8 2 .5 0 ---- — — —
$ 8 5 .0 0 ---------------$ 8 7 .5 0 ---------------$ 9 0 .0 0 -------- ------$ 9 2 .5 0 -----------------$ 9 5 .0 0 -----------------$ 9 7 .5 0 -----------------$ 1 0 0 .0 0 ------------—

A ll
sch ed u les

73

34

UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER

40

XXX

73

AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND

B a s e d on stan d ard w e e k ly h o u rs 6 o f—
A ll
sch ed u les

40

ESTABLISHMENTS STUDIED ----------------------

$ 7 7 .SO
$ 8 0 .0 0
$ 8 2 .5 0
$ 8 5 .0 0
$ 8 7 .5 0
$ 9 0 .0 0
$ 9 2 .5 0
$ 9 5 .0 0
$ 9 7 .5 0

N on m an u f a ctu r ing

M a n u fa c tu rin g
A ll
in d u s trie s

-

1

1
1
1
3

-

1
2
1
1

1

4

4

1
*
*

-

1
1

2
2

2
2

1

1

1

1
“

1
1

2
~

•

“

9

4

XXX

5

XXX

29

11

XXX

18

XXX

2
1

*
2

-




( A l l f u ll* t im e m a n u fa c tu rin g plant w o r k e r s = 100 p e r c e n t)
AH w ork ers 7

W o r k e r s on la te sh ifts

Ite m
Second sh ift

T h ir d sh ift

Second sh ift

T h ir d sh ift

PERCENT OF WORKERS
IN

ESTABLISHMENTS WITH LATE SH IFT PRO VISIO N S ---------

9 2 .7

WITH NO PAY D IFFE R E N TIAL FOR LATE SH IFT WORK --------WITH PAY D IFFEREN TIAL FOR LATE S H IF T WORK -------------UNIFORM CENTS-PER-HOUR D IFFEREN TIAL ---------------------UNIFORM PERCENTAGE DIFFERENTIAL -----------------------------OTHER D IFFERENTIAL ------------------------------------------------------

4 .3
8 8 .4
8 4 .6
3 .8
-

1 5 .4
7 .4

8 5 .3

2 1 .6

1 1 .8

8 5 .3
8 1 .6
3 .8
-

.8
2 0 .8
1 9 .8
1 .0
-

1 1 .8
1 1 .8
.1
-

2 0 .9
1 1 .3

1 5 .9
6 .0

2 0 .6
5 .0

•

AVERAGE PAY D IFFEREN TIAL
UNIFORM CENTS-PER-HOUR DIFFERENTIAL -------------------------UNIFORM PFRCFNTAGE DIFFERENTIAL --------------------------------PERCENT OF WORKERS BY TYPE AND
AMOUNT OF PAY DIFFERENTIAL
UNIFORM CENTS-PER-HOUR«
5 CENTS --------------------------------------------------------------------9 CFNTS --------------------------------------------------------------------10 CFNTS ------------------------------------------------------------------12 CENTS ------------------------------------------------------------------13 AND UNDER 14 CENTS ------------------------------------------14 C E N T S ----------------------------------------------------------- ------IS CENTS ------------------------------------------------------------------16 CENTS ------------------------------------------------------------------18 CENTS ------------------------------------------------------------------20 CENTS ------------------------------------------------------------------22 CENTS ------------------------------------------------------------------25 CENTS ------------------------------------------------------------------30 CENTS ------------------------------------------------------------------50 CENTS ------------------------------------------------------------------UNIFORM PERCENTAGE:
3 PERCENT ----------------------------------------------------------------5 PERCFNT ----------------------------------------------------------------10 PERCENT --------------------------------------------------------------15 PERCFNT ---------------------------------------------------------------

See fo o tn o te at end o f ta b les.

.8
2 .1
1 4 .7
4 .7
2 4 .8
3 .0
6 .6
4 .6
1 2 .4
1 .7
8 .8
-

.6

1 .4
2 .4

-

4 .6
-

.6
2 .1
1 .8
1 .4
2 4 .8
3 0 .5
1 3 .3
2 .4
-

1 .4
2 .4

.3
.7
3 .0
.2
6 .2
1 .0
1 .7
1.1
2 .6
.3
2 .6
.3

-

.3
-

.6
.3
.1
3 .9
6 .1
.4
.1
-

-

.1

.4

-

.6

P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

It e m
A l l in d u s trie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A l l in d u stries

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

100

100

“
28
4
68
68
-

100
100
“

PERCENT OF WORKERS BY SCHEDULED
WEEKLY HOURS AND DAYS
ALL FU LL-TIM E WORKERS -------------------24
35
36
37
38
38
40

42
43
44
44
45
46

100

100

100

100

100

100

HOURS-3 DAYS ------------------------------------HOURS-5 DAYS ------------------------------------HOURS-5 DAYS ------------------------------------1/2 HOURS-5 DAYS -----------------------------HOURS-5 DAYS ------------------------------------3/4 HOURS-5 DAYS -----------------------------HOURS -------------------------------------------------4 DAYS -----------------------------------------------5 DAYS ------------------------------------------------HOURS-5 DAYS ------------------------------------1/2 HOURS-5 DAYS -----------------------------HOURS-5 1/2 DAYS -----------------------------1/2 HOURS-5 1/2 DAYS ---------------------HOURS-5 DAYS ------------------------------------HOURS-6 DAYS — ------ --— ---------- ---------

1
1
1
1
1
82
3
79
6
(9 )

2
2
3
*
*
*
80
“
80
*
(9 )

-

-

•

100
le o

28
2
3
66
66

“

2
1
1

•
1
2
83
4
79
8
“
4
2
*

8
*
4

•
“
“

1
*

4 0 .3

40 .A

4 0 .0

4 0 .0

3

28
-

7
64
64
1

-

-

AVERAGE SCHEDULED
WEEKLY HOURS
ALL WEEKLY WORK SCHEDULES ------------------

S ee fo o tn o te at end o f ta b le s .




3 9 .2

3 9 .3

3 9 .2

4 0 .0

P la n t w o r k e r s

' Ite m

O ffic e w o r k e r s

A l l in d u stries

M an u factu rin g

N on m an u factu r ing

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

100

100

100

100

A l l in d u s trie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

N on m an u factu rin g

lo o

100

P u b lic u tilitie s

PERCENT OF WORKERS
ALL F U L L -T IM E WORKERS -------------------------IN ESTABLISHMENTS NOT PROVIDING
P A ID H O L ID A Y S -----------------------------------IN ESTABLISHMENTS PRO VID ING
PA ID HOLIDAYS --------------------------------------

100

100
1

3

11

97

100

89

100

100

100

100

100

8 .7

9 .1

7 .8

9 .2

8 .7

9 .3

8 .3

9 .2

8

10
3
18
5
•
9

7
_
•
•
•
•

4
20
27
1
3

34
48
2
9

AVERAGE NUMBER OF P A ID HOLIDAYS
FOR WORKERS IN ESTABLISHMENTS
PROVIDING HOLIDAYS ---------------------------PERCENT OF WORKERS BY NUMBER
OF P A ID HOLIDAYS PROVIDED 1
0
6 HOLIDAYS ----------------------------------------------PLUS 2 HALF DAYS -----------------------------7 HOLIDAYS ----------------------------------------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY -------------------------------PLUS 2 HALF DAYS -----------------------------8 HOLIDAYS ----------------------------------------------PLUS 1 HALF OAY -------------------------------PLUS 2 HALF DAYS -----------------------------9 HOLIDAYS ----------------------------------------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY -------------------------------PLUS 2 HALF DAYS -----------------------------IQ HOLIDAYS --------------------------------------------11 HOLIDAYS --------------------------------------------13 HOLIDAYS --------------------------------------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY --------------------------------

10
2
10
(9 )
10
1
29
2
18
11
3
“

5
6
«
13
2
30
26
13
5
-

19
8
19
1
2
—
27
7
5
—
-

*

1
65
21
13
-

9
2
12
3
1
7
(9 )
2
23
15
11
9
5
•
(9 )

100
99
99
99
99
99
34
13

100
91
77
75
66
66
41
26
6

4
2
6
1
27
•
23
18
12

_

«.

-

1

-

100
92
88
88
81
80
S3
53
12

100
90
68
64
55
55
31
4
1

100
93
93
93
93
93
59
11

PERCENT OF WORKERS 8Y TOTAL
P A ID HOLIDAY TIME PROVIDED “
6 DAYS OR M O R E -------------------------------------7 DAYS OR MORE --------------------------------------7 1/2 DAYS OR MORE -------------------------------8 DAYS OR MORE --------------------------------------8 1/2 DAYS OR MORE -------------------------------9 DAYS OR MORE --------------------------------------9 1/2 DAYS OR MORE -------------------------------10 DAYS OR MORE ------------------------------------11 DAYS OR MORE -------------------------------------

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




97
87
74
74
64
63
34
32
3

100
95
89
89
75
74
44
44
5

89
69
42
41
38
38
12
5

O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m 1
0
A l l in d u s trie s

P u b lic u tilitie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

N o n m an u factu rin g

100

100

100

100

100
4
24
2
12
100
100
27
100

100
40
54
21
100
100
100
14
26
100
58
58

89
14
18
7
2
89
89

100
9
18
10
3
100
100
10
100
5
9
100
32
42
15
100
4
26
15
14
9
12
7
21

A l l in d u stries

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

100

100

100

100
2
27
2
5
100
100
23
100
1
100
48
71
4
100
8
40
23
18
21
6
22

100
20
38
51
100
100
100
1
19
100
63
63
100
48
2
9
“
10
7

100
15
12
15
2
100
100
100
9
14
100
20
19
25
100
15
8
11
“
16
13
20

P ercen t of w o rk ers

A l l fu ll- t im e w o r k e r s ____________________
N ew Y e a r 's D a y __ ____________ __
_____ ____
W a sh in gton 's B ir t h d a y ________________________
Good F r i d a y _____________________________________
Good F r id a y , h a lf d a y _________________________
E a s te r M on day ._ ________________
- .. —
M e m o r ia l D a y __________________________________
F o u rth o f J u ly __________________________________
E x tra d ay f o r F o u rth o f J u ly . .
- — — —
L a b o r D ay _______________________________________
Colum bus D a y __________________________________
V e te ra n s D ay __________ _________ __________
T h a n k sg ivin g D a y _______________________________
D ay a ft e r T h a n k s g iv in g _______________________
C h ris tm a s E v e _________________________________
C h ris tm a s E v e , h a lf d a y ______________________
C h ris tm a s D a y _________________________________
E x tr a day d u rin g C h ris tm a s w e e k
.
...
N ew Y e a r 's E v e _________________________________
N ew Y e a r 's E ve , h a lf d a y ------- ----------- —
F lo a tin g h olid a y , 1 d a y 13_____________ — —
F lo a tin g h olid a y, l '/ a d a y s 15---------------------F lo a tin g h olid a y, 2 d ays 13_________ ____ —
F lo a tin g h olid a y , 3 d ays 13____________________
E m p lo y e e 's b ir th d a y ___________________________

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .




100
97
7
22
3
9
97
97
19
97
1
6
97
33
54
4
97
4
21
20
17
17
2
(’ )
23

-

4
100
39
69
1
100
5
27
26
20
24
1
20

100
21
13
24

89
5
9
89
20
20
9
89
7
8
11
2
1
31

P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Ite m
A l l in d u stries

M an u factu rin g

N on m a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A l l in d u s trie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

N on m an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

PERCENT OF WORKEHS
WORKERS --------------------------

100

IN ESTABLISHMENTS NOT PROVIDING
P A ID VACATIONS -----------------------------------IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVIDING
P A ID VACATIONS -----------------------------------LENGTH OF TIME PAYMENT ------ ---------PERCENTAGE PAYMENT --------------------------

100

100

99
96
4

100
95
5

6 MONTHS OF S E R V IC E !
UNDER l W E E K ------------------------ -------1 WEEK --------------------------------------------OVFP I AND UNDER 2 WEEKS -----------

6
15
2

8
6
1

1 YEAR OF S E P V IC E !
UNDER 1 W E E K ------------------ -------------1 WEFK --------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS ---------2 WEEKS ------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 W E t K S -----------

1
47
32
19
”

2
49
42
8

2 YEARS OF S E R V IC E :
1 WEEK --------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS ----------2 W E F K S ---------------- -------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS -----------

38
34
25
2

3 YEARS OF SE R V IC E !
1 mEEK --------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS ----------2 WEEKS ------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS -----------

ALL F U LL-T IM E

100

100

100

100

100

98
98
"

100
100
-

100
99
(9 )

100
99
1

100
100
-

100
100
-

36
3

48
1

5
53
5

9
47
5

1
57
6

2
58
2

43
9
45
“

26
24
50
-

l
22
(9 )
75
1

1
15
-

44
48
8
*

23
1
65
8

76
24

9
-

15

90
2

6
5
57
32

4
7
48
42

10
79
9

76
24

A YEARS OF SE R V IC E !
1 WEEK --------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS ---------2 WEEKS ------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS -----------

5
5
58
32

3
7
49
42

10
79
9

5 YEARS OF SE R V IC E !
1 WEEK --------------------------------------------2 WEFKS ------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ----------3 WEEKS -------------------------------------------

1
60
33
5

“
57
42
1

1
13
(9 )
52
33

9
“
49
42

2

1

AMOUNT OF P A ID VACATION A F T E R !1
4

10 YEARS OF SE R V IC E !
1 WEEK --------------------------------------------2 WEFKS ------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEtKS ----------3 WEEKS ------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS ----------4 WEEKS -------------------------------------------

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




-

-

28
1
71
-

37
3
60
-

82
3

4
•
96
1

97
3

1
97
2

3
.
95
3

(9 )
99
1

•
97
3

76
24

1
97
2

2
95
3

<9)
•
99
1

•
•
97
3

5
68
12
13

62
24
14

(9 )
84
3
13

69
3
28

(9 )
96
2
2

•
97
3
1

4
21
1
59
13

62
38

9
88
2
1

4
92
3
2

13
86
1

•
97
3

81
3

-

P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Ite m
A l l in d u s trie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

N o n m an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A l l in d u stries

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

AMOUNT OF PAID VACATION AFTER141CONTINUED

12 YEARS OF SE R VIC E !
1 WEEK -------------------------------------------2 WEEKS ------------------------------------------3 WEEKS ------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS ---------4 WEEKS -------------------------------------------

i
10
53
33
2

5
51
42
2

4
20
60
14
”

62
38
*

92
2
1

2
93
3
2

8
90
1
*

15 YEARS OF SERVICE :
1 WEEK -------------------------------------------2 WEEKS ------------------------------------------3 WEEKS ------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER b WEEKS ---------b WEEKS ------------------------------------------OVER b AND UNDER 5 WEEKS ----------

1
6
39
1
21
31

1
35
1
22
40

4
16
49
1
21
a

60
16
24

“
4
51
(9 )
43
2

1
30
66
3

6
67
1
25
1

20 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK -------------------------------------------2 WEEKS ------------------------------------------3 WEEKS ------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDtR 4 WEEKS ---------4 WEEKS ------------------------------------------OVER 4 AND UNDER b WEEKS ---------5 WEEKS -----------------------------------------OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS ---------6 WEEKS -------------------------------------------

1
6
IB
(9 )
37
3
5
27
2

1
16
34
4
7
35
3

4
16
24
1
45
*
a
“

-

4
19

1
11
51
3
35

6
26
62

25 YEARS OF SERVICE!
1 WEEK -------------------------------------------2 WEEKS ------------------------------------------3 WEEKS ------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS ---------4 WEEKS ------------------------------------------OVER 4 AND UNDER S WEEKS ---------5 WEEKS -----------------------------------------OVFR 5 AND UNDER t> W E E K S ---------6 WEEKS ------------------------------------------OVER 6 AND UNDER 7 WEEKS ----------

1
6
17
(9 )
16
2
25
4
4
24

1
14
15
3
26
3
3
35

30 YEARS OF SERVICE!
1 WEEK -------------------------------------------2 WEEKS -----------------------------------------3 WEEKS -----------------------------------------OVER 3 ANO UNDER 4 WEEKS —— ----4 WEEKS -----------------------------------------OVER 4 AND UNDER 5 WEEKS ---------5 WEEKS -----------------------------------------OVFR 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS ---------6 WEEKS ------------------------------------------OVER 6 AND UNDER 7 WEEKS ----------OVER 7 AND UNDFR 9 WEEKS -----------

1
6
17
(9 )
16
1
19
5
7
24
2

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .




1
14
15

2
17
4

6
35
3

76
24
“

57
1
IB
(9 )
“

-

4
16
“*
29
(9 )
46
2
3
“

1
11
“
20
“
60
3
7
“

“
4
16
*
26
38
2
14

*
1
11

4
16
23
1
18

“
1

24
8
5
*

60
24
14
“

4
16
23
1
18
*
24
8
5
*

b

1
60
24
14
-

”

20
36
3
31

5
1
""

"
6
21
“
36
1
35
1
(9 )
*

6
21
32
40
1
<9)

97
3

*
80
17
3

•
4
•
91
■
*
2
3
“

“
*
4
14
~
76
3
1

4
“
14
78
3
1
-

P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m

AMOUNT OF P A ID
CONTINUED !

A l l in d u s trie s

M an u factu rin g

O ffic e w o r k e r s

N on m an u factu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A l l in d u s trie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

N on m a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

VACATION AFTE R 1 4

MAXIMUM VACATION A V A IL A B L E !
1 WEEK --------------------------------------------2 WEEKS ------------------------------------------3 WEEKS ------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS ----------A WEEKS ------------------------------------------OVER A AND UNDER B WEEKS ----------5 WEEKS ------------------------------------------OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS ----------6 WEEKS ------------------------------------------OVER 6 AND UNDER 7 WEEKS ----------7 WEEKS ------------------------------------------OVER 7 AND UNDER H WEEKS -----------

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




1
6
17
(9 )
16
1
19
5
7
2A
2

1
1A
IS
2
17
A

t
i

35
”
3

A
16
23
1
10

“
“

A
16

1

-

b
“
*

6
21
•

-

26

20

32

1A

-

2A
8

i

-

-

-

60
2A
1A

38
2
11

36
3
2A

.
78

“
*

~
3

n

7

AO
1
(9 )
-

1

A

3
1

-

P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Ite m
A l l in d u s trie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

N on m an u f actu r ing

P u b lic u tilitie s

A l l in d u stries

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

PERCENT OF WORKERS
WORKERS --------------------------

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVIDING AT
LEAST ONE OF THE BENEFITS
SHOWN BELOW 15----------------------------------------

98

100

93

100

99

lo o

99

100

L IF E INSURANCE --------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTuRY PLANS ----------------------

93
70

99
72

91
63

100
99

96
66

96
66

97
67

100
98

ACCIDENTAL DEATH AND
DISMEMBERMENT INSURANCE -------------------NONCONTRIBUTOk Y PLANS ---------------------

72
52

77
59

61
39

65
69

70
90

79
99

69
33

51
99

SICKNESS AND ACCIDENT INSURANCE
OR SICK LEAVE OP BOTH16----------------------

86

96

61

53

83

95

79

91

80
62

93
72

52
38

38
38

57
93

79
59

90
35

15
15

16

16

19

16

90

90

39

29

6

1

18

13

19

2

29

9

LONG-TERM D IS A B IL IT Y
INSURANCE ---------------------------------------------n o n c o n t r ir u t o b y p l a n s ----------------------

8
4

8
9

7
6

19
19

27
13

31
6

23
18

1
1

H O S PITA LIZ A TIO N INSURANCE -----------------NONCONTRIRUTOBY PLANS ----------------------

98
90

100
33

93
55

100
99

99
S3

100
58

99
99

100
98

SURGICAL INSURANCE ------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ----------------------

98
90

100
33

93
55

100
99

99
53

100
58

99
99

100
98

MEDICAL INSURANCE --------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ----------------------

98
90

100
33

93
55

100
99

99
53

100
58

99
99

100
98

MAJOR MEDICAL INSURANCE ---------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ----------------------

91
37

95
31

81
51

87
86

97
52

99
58

95
97

96
93

DENTAL INSURANCE ----------------------------------NONCONTRIOUTGRY PLANS ----------------------

19
13

20
11

18
16

38
38

17
6

26
6

9
5

16
16

RETIREMENT PENSION ------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ----------------------

79
71

83
80

53
51

79
79

79
75

78
79

80
76

81
81

ALL FU LL-TIM E

SICKNESS AND ACCIDENT
INSURANCE ------------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTuRY PLANS -----------------SICK LEAVE (FULL RAY AND NO
W AITING PERIO D ) ------------------------------SICK LEAVE (P A R T IA L PAY OR
WAITING PERIOD) -----------------------------

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .




Footnotes
A ll of these standard footnotes may not apply to this bulletin.

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime
at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers anddividing by the number of workers.
The median
designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive more and half receive less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined
by two rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn more than the higher rate.
3 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
4 These salaries relate to formally established minimum starting (hiring) regular straight-time salaries that are paid for standard
workweeks.
5 Excludes workers in subclerical jobs such as messenger.
6 Data are presented for all standard workweeks combined, and for the most common standard workweeks reported.
7 Includes all plant workers in establishments currently operating late shifts, and establishments whose formal provisions cover late
shifts, even though the establishments were not currently operating late shifts.
8 Less than 0.05 percent.
9 Less than 0.5 percent.
1 For purposes of this study, pay for a Sunday in December, negotiated in the automobile industry, is not treated as a paid holiday.
0
1 A ll combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example, the proportion of workers receiving
1
a total of 9 days includes those with 9 full days and no half days, 8 full days and 2 half days, 7 full days and 4 half days, and so on.
Proportions then were cumulated.
1 A Christmas—
2
New Year holiday period is an unbroken series of holidays which includes Christmas Eve, Christmas Day, New Year's
Eve, and New Y e a r's Day.
Such a holiday period is common in the automobile, aerospace, and farm implement industries.
1 "Floating" holidays vary from year to year according to employer or employee choice.
3
1 Includes payments other than "length of tim e," such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-sum payments, converted to an
4
equivalent time basis; for example, 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's pay. Periods of service are chosen arbitrarily
and do not necessarily reflect individual provisions for progression; for example, changes in proportions at 10 years include changes between
5 and 10 years. Estimates are cumulative. Thus, the proportion eligible for at least 3 weeks' pay after 10 years includes those eligible for
at least 3 weeks' pay after fewer years of service.
1 Estimates listed after type of benefit are for all plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the employer. "Noncontributory
5
plans" include only those financed entirely by the employer. Excluded are legally required plans, such as workmen's compensation, social
security, and railroad retirement.
1 Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below. Sick leave plans are
6
limited to those which definitely establish at least the minimum number of days' pay that each employee can expect. Informal sick leave
allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.







Appendix A
A r e a w a g e and r e la t e d b e n e fits data a re obtain ed b y p e r s o n a l v is it s o f B u re a u f ie ld r e p r e s e n t ­
a tiv e s at 3 - y e a r in t e r v a ls . 1 In e a ch o f the in te rv e n in g y e a r s , in fo rm a tio n on e m p lo y m e n t and
o c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s is c o lle c t e d b y a co m b in a tio n of p e rs o n a l v is it , m a il q u e s tio n n a ir e , and t e l e ­
phone in t e r v ie w fr o m e s ta b lis h m e n ts p a rtic ip a tin g in the p re v io u s s u rv e y .
In e a ch o f th e 83 2 a r e a s c u r r e n t ly s u rv e y e d , data a re o b tain ed fr o m r e p r e s e n ta tiv e e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u s try d iv is io n s : M a n u fa ctu rin g; tra n s p o rta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r
p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r
in d u s try g ro u p s e x c lu d e d fr o m th e s e s tu d ies a re g o v e rn m e n t o p e ra tio n s and the c o n stru ctio n and
e x t r a c t iv e in d u s tr ie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a vin g fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d n u m ber o f w o r k e r s a re o m itte d
b e c a u s e o f in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the o ccu p ation s studied.
S ep a ra te ta b u la tion s a re p r o v id e d f o r
e a ch o f the b ro a d in d u s try d iv is io n s w h ic h m e e t p u b lica tion c r it e r ia .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e co n d u cted on a sa m p le b a s is .
T h e sa m p lin g p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d e ta ile d
s t r a t ific a t io n o f a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the scop e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u rv e y b y in d u stry and n u m b er
o f e m p lo y e e s . F r o m th is s t r a t ifie d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ility sa m p le is s e le c te d , w ith ea ch e s ta b lis h m e n t
h a v in g a p r e d e te r m in e d ch an ce o f s e le c tio n . T o obtain op tim u m a c c u ra c y at m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r
p r o p o r tio n o f la r g e than s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c te d . W hen data a re com b in ed , ea ch e s ta b lis h m e n t
is w e ig h te d a c c o rd in g t o it s p r o b a b ilit y o f s e le c tio n , so that unbiased e s tim a te s a r e g e n e ra te d .
For
e x a m p le , i f one out o f fo u r e s ta b lis h m e n ts i s s e le c te d , it is g iv e n a w eigh t o f fo u r to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f
plu s th r e e o th e r s . An a lte r n a te o f th e s a m e o r ig in a l p r o b a b ility is chosen in the sam e in d u s t r y - s iz e
c la s s ific a t io n i f data a r e not a v a ila b le f o r the o r ig in a l sa m p le m e m b e r .
I f no su ita b le su bstitu te is
a v a ila b le , a d d itio n a l w e ig h t i s a s s ig n e d to a sa m p le m e m b e r that is s im ila r to the m is s in g unit.
O ccu p a tio n s and E a rn in g s
O ccu p a tion s s e le c te d fo r stu dy a r e com m on to a v a r ie t y o f m an u factu rin g and n on m an u factu rin g
in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f th e fo llo w in g ty p e s :
(1 ) O ffic e c le r ic a l; (2 ) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (3 )
m a in te n a n c e and p o w e rp la n t; and (4 ) c u s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m o vem en t. O ccu p ation al c la s s ific a t io n is
b a s e d on a u n ifo rm s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d e s ig n e d to take account o f in te re s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n
in d u ties w ith in the s a m e jo b . O ccu p a tio n s s e le c te d fo r study a re lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d in appendix B.
U n le s s o th e r w is e in d ic a te d , th e e a rn in g s data fo llo w in g the jo b t it le s a re fo r a ll in d u s trie s co m b in ed .
E a rn in g s data fo r s o m e o f th e o ccu p a tio n s lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d , o r f o r som e in d u s try d iv is io n s w ithin
o c c u p a tio n s , a r e not p r e s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s , b eca u se e ith e r (1 ) em p lo y m en t in th e occu pation
is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough d ata to m e r it p re s e n ta tio n , o r (2 ) th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e of
in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t data. S e p a r a te m e n 's and w o m e n 's ea rn in g s data a re not p r e s e n te d w hen the
n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s not id e n t ifie d b y s e x is 20 p e rc e n t o r m o r e o f the m en o r w om en id e n tifie d in an
occu p a tio n .
E a rn in g s data not shown s e p a r a te ly fo r in d u stry d iv is io n s are in c lu d e d in a ll in d u s trie s
c o m b in e d d ata, w h e r e show n.
L ik e w is e , d ata a re in clu d ed in the o v e r a ll c la s s ific a t io n when a sub­
c la s s ific a t io n o f e le c t r o n ic s te c h n ic ia n s , s e c r e t a r ie s , o r tr u c k d r iv e r s is not shown o r in fo rm a tio n to
s u b c la s s ify is not a v a ila b le .
O ccu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s data a re shown fo r fu ll- t im e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o se h ir e d
to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h ed u le. E a rn in g s data ex clu d e p re m iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o r k on
w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts . N o n p ro d u ctio n bonuses a re e x clu d ed , but c o s t - o f - liv in g a llo w a n c e s
ahd in c e n tiv e b on u ses a r e in c lu d e d .
W e e k ly hou rs f o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l and p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l
o ccu p a tio n s r e f e r to th e sta n d a rd w o r k w e e k (rou n ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf h ou r) f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s
r e c e iv e r e g u la r s tr a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r and/or p r e m iu m r a te s ).
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s f o r th e s e o ccu p a tio n s a re rounded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e th e l e v e l o f occu p a tion a l e a rn in g s in an a r e a at a p a r tic u la r tim e .
C o m p a r is o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r tim e m a y not r e fle c t e x p e c te d w a g e ch a n ges.
T h e a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s a re a ffe c te d by ch an ges in w a g e s and e m p lo y m e n t p a tte rn s .
For
e x a m p le , p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y h ig h - o r lo w -w a g e fir m s m a y ch an ge, o r h ig h -w a g e *

w o r k e r s m a y ad van ce to b e t t e r jo b s and be re p la c e d by n ew w o r k e r s at lo w e r ra te s .
Such sh ifts in
e m p lo y m e n t cou ld d e c r e a s e an o ccu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e e ven though m o s t esta b lis h m e n ts in an a re a
in c r e a s e w a g e s d u rin g th e y e a r .
T r e n d s in ea rn in g s - o f o ccu p a tio n a l gro u p s , shown in ta b le A - 7 ,
a r e b e t t e r in d ic a to r s o f w a g e tre n d s than in d iv id u a l jo b s w ith in th e g ro u p s.
A v e r a g e e a rn in g s r e f le c t c o m p o s ite , a re a w id e e s tim a te s . In d u s trie s and e s ta b lis h m e n ts d iffe r
in p ay l e v e l and jo b s ta ffin g , and thus co n trib u te d iffe r e n t ly to th e e s tim a te s f o r ea ch jo b .
Pay
a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f le c t a c c u r a te ly th e w a g e d iffe r e n t ia l am ong jo b s in in d ivid u a l es ta b lis h m e n ts .
A v e r a g e pay le v e ls fo r m en and w om en in s e le c te d o ccu p ation s should not b e a ssu m ed to
r e f le c t d iffe r e n c e s in pay o f the s e x e s w ith in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts . F a c to r s w h ich m a y co n trib u te
to d iffe r e n c e s in clu d e p r o g r e s s io n w ith in e s ta b lis h e d r a te ra n g e s , sin ce on ly the ra te s p aid incum bents
a r e c o lle c t e d , and p e r fo r m a n c e o f s p e c ific d u ties w ith in the g e n e r a l s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip tio n s .
Job
d e s c r ip tio n s u sed to c la s s if y e m p lo y e e s in th e s e s u rv e y s u su a lly a r e m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th ose used
in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts and a llo w fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong esta b lis h m e n ts in s p e c ific
d u ties p e r fo r m e d .
O ccu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a ll esta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the scope
o f the study and n ot the n u m b e r a c tu a lly s u rv e y e d . B e c a u s e o c cu p a tio n a l s tru c tu re s am ong e s ta b lis h ­
m e n ts d if f e r , e s tim a te s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in ed fr o m the s a m p le o f esta b lis h m e n ts stu died
s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te th e r e la t iv e im p o r ta n c e o f the jo b s stu died. T h e s e d iffe r e n c e s in occu p a tion a l
s tru c tu re do not a ffe c t m a t e r ia lly the a c c u ra c y o f the ea rn in g s data.
W a g e tr e n d s f o r s e le c te d o ccu p a tio n a l gro u p s
The
A n n u al r a te s
span b etw een
in c r e a s e d at

p e r c e n ts o f change in ta b le A - 7 r e la te to w a g e ch an ges b etw een the in d ic a te d dates.
o f in c r e a s e , w h e r e show n, r e f le c t the am ount o f in c r e a s e fo r 12 m onths when the tim e
s u r v e y s w a s o th e r than 12 m on th s. A nnual r a te s a r e b a s e d on the assu m ption that w a g es
a con stan t r a te b e tw e e n s u rv e y s .

O ccu p ation s u sed to com p u te w a g e tre n d s a re :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m en and w o m e n ):
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B
C le r k s , a cco u n tin g, c la s s e s A and B
C le r k s , f i l e , c la s s e s A , B , and C
C le r k s , o r d e r
C le r k s , p a y r o ll
K eyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c la s s e s A and B
M essen gers
S e c r e t a r ie s
S te n o g ra p h e rs , g e n e r a l
S te n o g ra p h e rs , s e n io r
T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B
T y p is t s , c la s s e s A and B
E le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g
(m e n and w o m e n ):
C o m p u te r o p e r a t o r s , c la s s e s A , B , and C
C o m p u te r p r o g r a m m e r s , c la s s e s A , B,
and C

E le c t r o n ic data p ro c e s s in g (m en
and w o m e n )— C ontinued
C o m p u te r s y s te m s a n a ly s ts , c la s s e s A ,
B , and C
In d u s tria l n u rs e s (m en and w o m e n ):
N u r s e s , in d u s tr ia l (r e g is t e r e d )
S k ille d m ain ten a n ce (m e n ):
C a r p e n te r s
E le c t r ic ia n s
M a c h in i sts
M e c h a n ic s
M e c h a n ic s (a u to m o tiv e )
P a in te r s
P ip e fit t e r s
T o o l and d ie m a k e r s
U n s k ille d plan t (m e n ):
J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s
L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l handling

P e r c e n t ch an ges fo r in d iv id u a l a re a s in the p r o g r a m a r e com p u ted as fo llo w s :
1. E a ch o ccu p ation is a s s ig n e d a w e ig h t b a s e d on its p r o p o r tio n a te em p lo y m en t in th e s e le c te d
g ro u p o f occu p a tio n s in th e b a s e y e a r .

* Personal visits were on a 2-yea r c y cle before July 1972.
2. T h e s e w e ig h ts a r e u sed to com p u te gro u p a v e r a g e s .
E a c h o ccu p a tio n 's a v e r a g e (m ea n )
2
Included in the 83 areas are 13 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas are Akron, Ohio; Austin, T e x .; Binghamton, rn in g s is m u ltip lie d b y its w e ig h t.
ea
T h e p ro d u c ts a r e to ta le d to obtain a g ro u p a v e ra g e .
N. Y . — P a .; Birmingham, A la . ; Fort Lauderdale—H ollywood and West Palm Beach—Boca Raton, Fla. [ Lexington—
Fayette, Ky. ; Melbourne—T itu s v ille 3. T h e r a t io o f g ro u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s i s co m p u ted by d iv id in g the a v e r a g e
Cocoa, F la .; Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, Va. —N .C . ; Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N . Y . ; Raleigh—
f o r the c u r r e n t y e a r b y th e a v e r a g e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r . T h e re s u lts — e x p r e s s e d as a p e rc e n t— le s s 100
Dutham, N .C . ; Syracuse, N . Y . ; U tica—Rom e, N . Y . ; and Westchester County, N .Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies
is the p e r c e n t change.
in approximately 70 areas at the request o f the Employment Standards Administration o f the U. S. Department o f Labor.




E sta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s
Th e B - s e r i e s ta b le s p r o v id e in fo r m a tio n on e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w age
p r o v is io n s f o r f u ll- t im e plant and o ffic e w o r k e r s .
" P la n t w o r k e r s " in clu d e w o rk in g fo r e m e n and a ll
non s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in clu d in g lea d m en and t r a in e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o ffic e fu n ctio n s.
C a fe t e r ia
w o r k e r s and ro u te m e n a re e x c lu d e d fr o m m a n u fa c tu rin g , but in clu d ed in n on m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s trie s .
" O f f ic e w o r k e r s " in clu d e w o rk in g
s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g c l e r i c a l o r
r e la te d fu n ction s.
A d m in is t r a t iv e , e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and p a r t - t im e e m p lo y e e s a r e ex clu d ed .
P a r t - t im e e m p lo y e e s a r e th o se h ir e d to w o rk a sch ed u le c a llin g r e g u la r ly fo r f e w e r w e e k ly hou rs than
the e s ta b lis h m e n t's sch ed u le fo r fu ll- t im e e m p lo y e e s in the sam e g e n e r a l ty p e o f w o rk .
The
d e te rm in a tio n is b a s e d on the e m p lo y e r 's d is tin c tio n b etw een th e tw o g ro u p s w h ich m a y tak e into
account not on ly d iffe r e n c e s in w o rk sch ed u les but d iffe r e n c e s in pay and b e n e fits .
M in im u m e n tra n c e s a la r ie s fo r o ffic e w o r k e r s r e la t e on ly to th e e s ta b lis h m e n ts v is it e d . (See
ta b le B - l . )
B e c a u s e o f the o p tim u m s a m p lin g tech n iq u es u sed and the p r o b a b ility that la r g e
e s ta b lis h m e n ts a re m o r e lik e ly than s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts to h ave fo r m a l e n tra n c e ra te s above the
s u b c le r ic a l le v e l , the ta b le is m o r e r e p r e s e n ta tiv e o f p o lic ie s in m e d iu m and la r g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
Shift d iffe r e n t ia l data a r e lim it e d to fu ll- t im e plant w o r k e r s in m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s . (See
ta b le B - 2 .) T h is in fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d in t e r m s o f (1 ) e s ta b lis h m e n t p o lic y 3 fo r to ta l plant w o r k e r
e m p lo y m e n t, and (2 ) e ffe c t iv e p r a c t ic e f o r w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d sh ift at th e tim e o f the
s u rv e y . In e s ta b lis h m e n ts h avin g v a r ie d d iffe r e n t ia ls , the amount ap p lyin g to a m a jo r it y is used.
In
es ta b lis h m e n ts h avin g s o m e la t e - s h ift h ou rs paid at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d iffe r e n t ia l is r e c o r d e d o n ly i f it
a p p lies to a m a jo r it y o f the sh ift h ou rs. A seco n d (e v e n in g ) sh ift ends w o rk at o r n e a r m id n igh t. A
th ir d (n igh t) sh ift s ta rts w o rk at o r n e a r m id n igh t.
Th e sch ed u led w e e k ly hou rs and days o f a m a jo r it y o f the fir s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s ta b lis h ­
m ent a re ta b u la ted as a pplyin g to a ll f u ll- t im e plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s o f that e s ta b lis h m e n t.
(See
ta b le B - 3 .)
S ch ed u led w e e k ly hou rs and days a re th o se w h ich a m a jo r it y o f fu ll- t im e e m p lo y e e s a re
e x p e c te d to w o r k fo r s t r a ig h t - t im e o r o v e r t im e ra te s .
P a id h o lid a y s ; p aid v a c a tio n s ; and h ea lth , in s u ra n c e , and p en sion plans a re t r e a te d s t a tis tic a lly
as applying to a ll fu ll- t im e plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r it y o f such w o r k e r s a re e lig ib le o r m ay
e v e n tu a lly q u a lify fo r the p r a c t ic e s lis te d . (S ee ta b le s B -4 th rou gh B - 6 .) Sum s o f in d iv id u a l ite m s in
ta b le s B -2 th rou gh B -5 m a y not equ al to ta ls b eca u se o f rounding..

T h e s u m m a ry o f v a c a tio n plans is a s t a t is t ic a l m e a s u r e o f v a c a tio n p r o v is io n s r a th e r than a
m e a s u re o f the p ro p o rtio n o f fu ll- t im e w o r k e r s a c tu a lly r e c e iv in g s p e c ific b e n e fits . (S e e ta b le B - 5 .)
P r o v is io n s apply to a ll plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t r e g a r d le s s o f len g th o f s e r v ic e .
P a y m e n ts on o th er than a tim e b a s is a r e c o n v e r te d to a t im e p e r io d ; f o r e x a m p le , 2 p e r c e n t o f
annual e a rn in g s a r e c o n s id e r e d eq u iva len t to 1 w e e k 's p ay. O n ly b a s ic plans a r e in c lu d e d . E s tim a te s
e x clu d e va ca tion b on u ses, v a c a tio n -s a v in g s p la n s , and " e x t e n d e d " o r "s a b b a t ic a l" b e n e fits b ey o n d b a s ic
p la n s.
Such p r o v is io n s a r e t y p ic a l in the s t e e l, a lu m in u m , and can in d u s trie s .
H ea lth , in s u ra n c e , and pen sion p la n s fo r w h ich th e e m p lo y e r pays at le a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t
in clu d e th ose (1 ) u n d erw ritten by a c o m m e r c ia l in s u ra n c e co m p a n y o r n o n p ro fit o r g a n iz a tio n , (2 )
p r o v id e d th rou gh a union fund, o r (3 ) paid d ir e c t ly b y the e m p lo y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e ra tin g funds o r
fr o m a fund set asid e fo r th is p u rp o se.
(S ee ta b le B - 6 . )
An e s ta b lis h m e n t is c o n s id e r e d t o have
such a plan i f the m a jo r it y o f e m p lo y e e s a r e c o v e r e d e v e n though l e s s than a m a jo r it y p a r tic ip a te
u nder the plan b eca u se e m p lo y e e s a r e r e q u ir e d to c o n trib u te to w a r d the c o s t.
E x c lu d e d a re
le g a lly r e q u ir e d p la n s, such as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r ity , and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t.
S ick n ess and a ccid en t in su ra n ce is lim it e d to that ty p e o f in s u ra n c e under w h ich p r e d e te r m in e d
c a sh p aym en ts a re m ad e d ir e c t ly to the in s u r e d d u rin g t e m p o r a r y illn e s s o r a c c id e n t d is a b ility .
In fo rm a tio n is p re s e n te d fo r a ll such p la n s to w h ic h th e e m p lo y e r c o n trib u te s .
H o w e v e r , in N ew
Y o r k and N ew J e r s e y , w h ich have en a cted t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u ra n c e la w s r e q u ir in g e m p lo y e r
c o n tr ib u tio n s ,4 plans a re in clu d ed on ly i f th e e m p lo y e r (1 ) c o n tr ib u te s m o r e than is le g a lly r e q u ir e d ,
o r (2 ) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e w ith b e n e fits w h ich e x c e e d the r e q u ir e m e n ts o f the la w . T a b u la tio n s o f
p a id s ic k le a v e plans a re lim it e d to fo r m a l p la n s 5 w h ich p r o v id e fu ll p ay o r a p r o p o r tio n o f the
w o r k e r 's pay d u rin g ab sen ce fr o m w o rk b e c a u s e o f illn e s s .
S e p a ra te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r e s e n te d
a c c o rd in g t o (1 ) plans w h ich p r o v id e fu ll pay and no w a itin g p e r io d , and (2 ) p la n s w h ich p r o v id e e it h e r
p a r t ia l pay or a w a itin g p e r io d .
In addition to the p r e s e n ta tio n o f p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s p r o v id e d
s ic k n e s s and accid en t in su ra n ce o r p a id s ic k le a v e , an u n d u p lica ted to ta l is shown o f w o r k e r s who
r e c e iv e e ith e r o r both ty p e s o f b e n e fits .
L o n g t e r m d is a b ility in su ra n ce plan s p r o v id e p a y m e n ts to t o t a lly d is a b le d e m p lo y e e s upon the
e x p ir a tio n o f th e ir paid sick le a v e and/or s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u ra n c e , o r a ft e r a p r e d e te r m in e d
p e r io d o f d is a b ility (ty p ic a lly 6 m on th s).
P a y m e n ts a r e m a d e u n til the end o f the d is a b ilit y , a
m a x im u m age, o r e lig ib ilit y fo r r e tir e m e n t b e n e fits .
F u ll o r p a r t ia l p a y m en ts a re a lm o s t alw a ys
red u c e d b y s o c ia l s e c u r ity , w o rk m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n , and p r iv a t e p e n s io n s b e n e fits p a y a b le to the
d is a b le d e m p lo y e e .

Data on paid h o lid a y s a r e lim it e d to h o lid a y s g ra n te d annually on a fo r m a l b a s is , w h ich (1 )
a r e p ro v id e d fo r in w r itte n fo r m , o r (2 ) a re e s ta b lis h e d by cu stom .
(S ee ta b le B - 4 .)
H o lid a y s
o r d in a r ily g ra n te d a re in clu d ed even though th ey m a y f a ll on a n o n w ork d a y and the W o rk er is not
g ra n te d another day o ff.
T h e f i r s t p a rt o f the p a id h o lid a y s ta b le p re s e n ts the n u m b er o f w h o le and
h a lf h olid a ys a c tu a lly g ra n ted . T h e secon d p a rt co m b in es w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s to show to ta l h olid a y
t im e . T a b le B -4 a r e p o r ts the in c id e n c e o f the m o st com m on paid h o lid a y s .

M a jo r m e d ic a l in su ra n ce plans p r o te c t e m p lo y e e s fr o m s ic k n e s s and in ju r y e x p e n s e s beyond
the c o v e r a g e o f b a s ic h o s p ita liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p la n s. T y p ic a l fe a tu r e s o f m a jo r m e d ic a l
plans a r e (1 ) a "d e d u c tib le " (e .g ., $ 5 0 ) p a id by the in s u r e d b e fo r e b e n e fits b e g in ; (2 ) a c o in s u ra n c e
fe a tu re re q u irin g the in s u re d to pay a p o rtio n (e .g ., 20 p e r c e n t ) o f c e r ta in e x p e n s e s ; and (3 ) stated
d o lla r m ax im u m b e n e fits (e .g ., $ 10,000 a y e a r ).
M e d ic a l in s u ra n c e p r o v id e s c o m p le te o r p a r tia l
p aym en t o f d o c to r s ' fe e s . D en tal in su ra n ce u su a lly c o v e r s f i l l i n g s , e x t r a c t io n s , and X - r a y s .
E xclu d ed
a re plans w hich c o v e r only o r a l s u r g e r y o r a c c id e n t d a m a g e .
R e tir e m e n t p en sion p la n s p r o v id e
p aym en ts fo r the r e m a in d e r o f the w o r k e r 's lif e .

3 An establishment was considered as having a p olicy if it met either o f the follow ing conditions: (1 ) Operated late .hifts at the tim e o f the
survey, or (2 ) had formal provisions covering late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1 ) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months before the survey, or (2 ) had provisions in written form to operate late shifts.

4
The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require em ployer contributions.
® An establishment is considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the minimum number o f days sick leave available
employee.
Such a plan need not be written; but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, are excluded.




to each

Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Green Bay, Wis., July 1975
N u m b e r o f e sta b lish m en ts

In d u s try d iv is io n 2

M in im u m
em p loym en t
in e s ta b lis h ­
m ents in scope
o f study

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m en ts
W ith in scop e o f study

W ith in scope
o f stu dy*

Studied
T o ta l4

Studied
N u m b er

A l l d iv is io n s _____________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g
......
......... . .......... . ......
N onm a nuf a c tu r in g ____________________________________
T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5
W h o le s a le tra d e
_ .
R e t a il t r a d e _______________________________________
F in a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
...
S e r v ic e s 8 _________________________________________

_

P ercen t

F u ll- t im e
plan t w o r k e r s

F u ll- t im e
o ffic e w o r k e r s

T o t a l4

148

73

27, 949

100

17, 087

3,422

19, 838

50

61
87

34
39

16,404
11, 545

59
41

11, 932
5, 155

1, 508
1, 914

11, 511
8, 327

50
50
50
50
50

19
13
36
5
14

12
4
12
4
7

3,475
1, 058
5, 197
470
1, 345

12
4
18
2
5

1, 748
( 6)
( 6)
(7 )
( 6)

583
( 6)
(6 )
( 6)
(6 )

3, 082
523
3,482
408
832

1 T h e G r e e n B a y S ta n d a rd M e tr o p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as d efin ed b y the O ffic e o f M a n a g em en t and B u dget th rou gh F e b r u a r y 1974, c o n s is ts o f B ro w n C ounty. T h e "w o r k e r s w ith in scope
o f stu d y " e s tim a te s shown in th is ta b le p r o v id e a re a s o n a b ly a cc u ra te d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s itio n o f the la b o r fo r c e in clu d ed in the s u r v e y . E s tim a te s a r e n ot intended, h o w e v e r,
f o r c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d ex es to m e a s u re e m p lo y m e n t tre n d s o r l e v e ls s in ce (1 ) planning o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s e s ta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in advan ce o f the
p a y r o ll p e r io d s tu d ie d , and (2 ) s m a ll esta b lis h m e n ts a r e exclu d ed fr o m the s co p e o f the s u rv e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d itio n o f the S ta n d a rd In d u s tria l C la s s ific a tio n M anual w a s u sed to c la s s if y e s ta b lis h m e n ts b y in d u s try d iv is io n ,
3 In c lu d e s a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l em p lo y m e n t at o r above the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A l l o u tlets (w ith in the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ies in in d u s trie s such as tr a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir
s e r v ic e ,
and m o tio n p ic tu r e th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 esta b lis h m e n t.
4 In c lu d e s e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, p a r t - t im e , and oth er w o r k e r s e x clu d ed fr o m the s e p a ra te plan t and o ffic e c a t e g o r ie s .
*
5 A b b r e v ia te d to "p u b lic u t i l i t i e s " in the A - and B - s e r ie s ta b le s .
T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in c id e n ta l to w a t e r tr a n s p o r ta tio n w e r e exc lu d e d .
T h e G re e n B a y tr a n s it s y s te m is m u n ic ip a lly
ow ned and o p e r a te d and is e x c lu d e d b y d e fin itio n fr o m the scope o f the s u rv e y .
6 T h is d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " and "n on m a n u fa c tu rin g " in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s , and f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " in the B - s e r ie s ta b le s . S ep a ra te p re s e n ta tio n of
data is n ot m a d e f o r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
(1 ) E m p lo y m e n t is too s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r i t s e p a ra te study, (2 ) the s a m p le w a s n ot d es ig n e d in it ia lly to p e r m it
s e p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n , (3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequate to p e r m it s e p a ra te p re s e n ta tio n , and (4 ) th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t data.
7 W o r k e r s fr o m th is e n t ir e d iv is io n a r e r e p re s e n te d in e s tim a te s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu rin g " in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s , but f r o m
the r e a l e s ta te p o rtio n
on ly in e s tim a te s
fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s . S e p a ra te p re s e n ta tio n of data is not m ade fo r one o r m o r e o f the re a s o n s g iv e n in fo o tn o te 6.
8 H o te ls and m o t e ls ; la u n d r ie s and o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u sin ess s e r v ic e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir , re n ta l, and p a rk in g ; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e rs h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s (ex clu d in g r e lig io u s
and c h a r ita b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); and e n g in e e r in g and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .

In d u s tr ia l c o m p o s itio n in m an u factu rin g
O v e r o n e - h a lf o f a ll w o r k e r s w ith in s co p e o f the s u rv e y in the G r e e n B a y a r e a w e r e
e m p lo y e d in m a n u fa c tu rin g f i r m s .
T h e fo llo w in g p re s e n ts the m a jo r in d u stry grou p s and
s p e c ific in d u s trie s as a p e r c e n t o f a ll m an u factu rin g:
In d u s try gro u p s

S p e c ific in d u s trie s

P a p e r m ills , e x c e p t
b u ild in g p a p e r ___________________ 34
D a ir y p ro d u c ts ____________________ 10
S p e c ia l in d u s try m a c h in e r y ____
7
C o n s tru c tio n and r e la te d
m a c h in e r y ________________________ 6
M e a t p r o d u c ts _____________________ 6
M is c e lla n e o u s c o n v e r te d p a p e r
p r o d u c t s _________________________
6
Canned, c u re d , and fr o z e n
fo o d s ______________________________
6

P a p e r and a llie d p r o d u c ts ______44
F o o d and k in d re d p r o d u c ts _____ 23
M a c h in e ry , e x c e p t e le c t r ic a l __ 15
P r in tin g and p u b lish in g_________
5

T h is in fo r m a tio n is b a sed on e s tim a te s o f to ta l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d fr o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r ia ls c o m p ile d b e fo r e a c tu a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r tio n s in v a r io u s in d u stry d iv is io n s m a y
d if f e r fr o m p r o p o r tio n s b a sed on the r e s u lts o f the s u rv e y as shown in the ap p en d ix ta b le .




L a b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t c o v e r a g e
T h e fo llo w in g ta b u la tion show s the p e r c e n t o f f u ll- t im e plan t and o ffic e w o r k e r s
e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts in w h ich a union c o n tra c t o r c o n tra c ts c o v e r e d a m a jo r it y o f the
w o r k e r s in the r e s p e c t iv e c a t e g o r ie s , G r e e n B ay, W is ., Ju ly 1975:
P la n t w o r k e r s
A l l in d u s t r ie s ____________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g _______________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s ___________________

77
90
45
99

O ffic e w o r k e r s
6
1
31

A n e s ta b lis h m e n t is c o n s id e r e d to h a ve a c o n tra c t c o v e r in g a ll plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s
i f a m a jo r it y o f such w o r k e r s a r e c o v e r e d by a la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t.
T h e r e fo r e ,
a ll o th e r plan t o r o ffic e w o r k e r s a r e e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts that e ith e r do not have
la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t c o n tra c ts in e ffe c t , o r h a ve c o n tra c ts that a p p ly to fe w e r than h a lf o f
th e ir p lan t o r o ffic e w o r k e r s .
E s tim a te s a r e not n e c e s s a r ily r e p r e s e n ta tiv e o f the exten t
to w h ich a ll w o r k e r s in the a r e a m a y be c o v e r e d b y the p r o v is io n s o f la b o r-m a n a g e m e n t
a g r e e m e n ts , b eca u se s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e exc lu d e d and the in d u s tr ia l scope o f the s u rv e y
is lim it e d .




Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions
T h e p r im a r y pu rp ose o f p re p a rin g jo b d e s c rip tio n s fo r the B u re a u 's w a ge s u rv e y s is to a s s is t its f ie ld s ta ff in c la s s ify in g in to a p p ro p ria te
o ccu p a tio n s w o r k e r s who a r e e m p lo y e d under a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o ll t it le s and d iffe r e n t w o rk a rra n g e m e n ts fr o m e s ta b lis h m e n t to e s ta b lis h m e n t and
f r o m a r e a to a re a .
T h is p e r m its the grou pin g o f occu p a tio n a l w age ra te s r e p r e s e n tin g c o m p a ra b le jo b con ten t.
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a sis on
in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t and in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ility of o c cu p a tio n a l con ten t, the B u re a u 's jo b d e s c r ip tio n s m a y d if f e r s ig n ific a n tly f r o m th ose in use in
in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts o r th o se p r e p a r e d fo r o th er p u rp o s e s .
In a p p lyin g th e s e jo b d e s c r ip tio n s , the B u re a u 's f ie ld e c o n o m is ts a re in s tru c te d
to e x c lu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p re n tic e s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g in n e rs ; tr a in e e s ; and h a n dicapped, p a r t - t im e , t e m p o r a r y , and p ro b a tio n a ry w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
B I L L E R , M A C H IN E

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T IN G

P r e p a r e s s ta te m e n ts , b i l l s , and in v o ic e s on a m ach in e o th er than an o r d in a r y o r e le c tr o m a tic
t y p e w r it e r . M a y a ls o k e e p r e c o r d s as to b illin g s o r shipping c h a rg e s o r p e r fo r m o th e r c le r i c a l w ork
in c id e n ta l to b illin g o p e r a tio n s . F o r w a g e study p u rp o s e s , b ille r s , m a ch in e, a r e c la s s ifie d b y typ e o f
m a c h in e , as fo llo w s :

P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e accou n tin g c le r i c a l ta sk s such as p ostin g to r e g is t e r s and le d g e r s ;
re c o n c ilin g bank a ccou n ts; v e r ify in g the in te r n a l c o n s is te n c y , c o m p le te n e s s , and m a th e m a tic a l a c c u ra c y
of accounting docu m en ts; a ssig n in g p r e s c r ib e d accounting d is trib u tio n c o d e s ; ex am in in g and v e r ify in g
fo r c le r i c a l a c c u ra c y v a r io u s ty p e s o f r e p o r t s , lis t s , c a lc u la tio n s , p o s tin g , e tc .; o r p re p a rin g s im p le o r
a s s is tin g in p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p lic a te d jo u rn a l v o u c h e rs . M a y w o rk in e ith e r a m anual o r autom ated
accounting s y s te m .

B i l l e r , m a ch in e (b illin g m a c h in e ).
U ses a s p e c ia l b illin g m ach in e (co m b in a tio n typ in g and
adding m a c h in e ) to p r e p a r e b ills and in v o ic e s fr o m c u s to m e r s ' p u rch ase o r d e r s , in te r n a lly p r e p a re d
o r d e r s , sh ip p in g m e m o ra n d u m s , e tc .
U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lica tion o f p re d e te r m in e d discou n ts and
sh ippin g c h a r g e s and e n try o f n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w h ich m ay o r m ay not be com pu ted on the b illin g
m a c h in e , and to ta ls w h ich a r e a u to m a tic a lly accu m u lated by m ach in e. T h e o p era tio n u su ally in v o lv e s a
la r g e n u m b er o f ca rb o n c o p ie s o f the b i l l b ein g p re p a re d and is often done on a fa n fo ld m ach in e.
B i l l e r , m a ch in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ). U ses a b ookkeepin g m achine (w ith o r w ithout a
t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b ills as p a rt o f the accounts r e c e iv a b le o p e ra tio n .
G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s the sim u lta n eou s e n try o f fig u r e s on c u s to m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d .
T h e m ach in e
a u to m a tic a lly a c cu m u la tes fig u r e s on a n u m b er of v e r t ic a l colum ns and com putes and u su ally p rin ts
a u to m a tic a lly th e d eb it o r c r e d it b a la n c e s . D oes not in v o lv e a k n ow led ge o f book k eep in g. W o rk s fr o m
u n ifo rm and sta n d a rd ty p e s o f s a le s and c r e d it s lip s .

T h e w o rk r e q u ir e s a k n o w led g e o f c le r i c a l m eth od s and o ffic e p r a c t ic e s and p ro c e d u re s w hich
r e la te s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s in g and re c o rd in g - o f tra n s a c tio n s and accounting in fo rm a tio n .
W ith
e x p e r ie n c e , the w o r k e r ty p ic a lly b e c o m e s fa m ilia r w ith the b ook k eep in g and accounting te r m s and
p ro c e d u r e s used in the a s s ig n e d w o r k , but is not r e q u ir e d to have a k n o w le d g e o f the fo r m a l p rin c ip le s
o f b ook k eep in g and accou n tin g.
P o s itio n s a r e c la s s ifie d in to le v e ls

on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s.

C la s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s accounting c l e r i c a l op era tio n s w hich re q u ire
the a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m e n t, fo r e x a m p le , c l e r ic a lly p r o c e s s in g c o m p lic a te d o r
n o n r e p e titiv e accou n tin g tra n s a c tio n s , s e le c tin g am ong a su b stan tial v a r ie t y o f p r e s c r ib e d accounting
co d es ^p ^-iclsts^ d tica T io n s, o r t r a c in g tra n s a c tio n s though p r e v io u s accounting actions to d e te rm in e
- s O T fc e o f d is c r e p a n c ie s . M a y b e a s s is te d b y one o r m o r e c la s s B accounting c le r k s .

B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

O p e ra te s a b o o k k eep in g m a c h in e (w ith o r w ithout a ty p e w r it e r k e y b o a rd ) to k e e p a r e c o r d of
b u s in e s s tr a n s a c tio n s .
C la s s A . K e e p s a set o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n ow led ge o f and e x p e rie n c e in b a s ic book k eep in g
p r in c ip le s , and fa m ilia r it y w ith the s tru c tu re o f the p a r tic u la r accounting s y s te m used.
D e te rm in e s
p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d is trib u tio n o f d e b it and c r e d it ite m s to be used in each phase o f the w o rk . M ay
p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e ts , and o th er r e c o r d s by hand.

C la s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e phases o r s e c tio n s o f a set o f r e c o r d s usually
re q u ir in g lit t le k n o w le d g e o f b a s ic b o o k k eep in g . P h a s e s o r sectio n s in clu de accounts p a y a b le , p a y r o ll,
c u s t o m e r s ' accou nts (not in clu d in g a s im p le typ e of b illin g d e s c r ib e d under b i l l e r , m a c h in e ), co s t
d is tr ib u tio n , e x p en se d is trib u tio n , in v e n to r y c o n tr o l, e tc. M a y ch eck o r a s s is t in p r e p a ra tio n o f t r i a l
b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n tr o l s h eets f o r the accounting dep artm en t.

C la s s B . U n d e r c lo s e s u p e rv is io n , fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s and sta n d a rd ized p ro c e d u re s ,
p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e rou tin e accounting c l e r i c a l o p e ra tio n s , such as p ostin g to le d g e r s , c a r d s , o r
w o r k s h e e ts w h e re id e n tific a tio n o f ite m s and lo c a tio n s o f p o stin g s a re c le a r ly in d ica ted ; ch eck in g
a c c u r a c y and c o m p le te n e s s o f s ta n d a rd ize d and r e p e t it iv e r e c o r d s o r accou n tin g docum ents; and codin g
docum ents using a fe w p r e s c r ib e d accou n tin g co d e s .
C L E R K , F IL E
F i l e s , c la s s if ie s , and r e t r ie v e s m a t e r ia l in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g system .
M ay p e r fo r m
c l e r i c a l and m anu al ta s k s r e q u ir e d to m ain tain f ile s . P o s itio n s a re c la s s ifie d into l e v e ls on the b a s is
o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A .
C la s s ifie s and
d ocu m en ts, e tc ., in an e s ta b lis h e d
M a y a ls o f i l e th is m a t e r ia l.
M ay
le a d a s m a ll gro u p o f lo w e r l e v e l

in d e x e s f i l e m a t e r ia l such as c o r re s p o n d e n c e , re p o r ts , te c h n ic a l
filin g s y s te m con tain in g a n u m b er o f v a r ie d su bject m a tte r file s .
k eep r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p e s in conju nction w ith the f ile s .
M ay
f i l e c le r k s .

R e v is e d o c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r ip tio n s fo r sw itch b oa rd o p e ra to r; sw itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t io n is t ; m a c h in e - to o l o p e r a to r , to o lr o o m ; and to o l and d ie m a k e r a r e bein g in trod u ced
th is y e a r .
T h e y a r e the re s u lt o f the B u re a u 's p o lic y o f p e r io d ic a lly r e v ie w in g a re a w age s u r v e y o ccu p a tio n a l d e s c r ip tio n s in o r d e r to take into account te c h n o lo g ic a l d evelo p m en ts
and to c l a r i f y d e s c r ip tio n s so that th ey a r e m o r e r e a d ily u n derstood and u n ifo r m ly in te r p r e te d .
E ven though the r e v is e d d e s c r ip tio n s r e f le c t b a s ic a lly the sam e occu p a tio n s as p r e v io u s ly
d e fin e d , s o m e r e p o r t in g ch a n g es m a y oc c u r becau se o f the r e v is io n s .
T h e new s in g le




l e v e l d e s c r ip tio n fo r

sw itch b oard o p e ra to r is not the e q u iv a le n t o f the tw o l e v e ls p r e v io u s ly d efin e d .

SE C R E T A R Y — C ontinue d
C la s s B . S o r ts , c o d e s , and f ile s u n c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l b y s im p le (s u b je c t m a t t e r ) headings
o r p a r tly c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l b y fin e r su bh eadin gs. P r e p a r e s s im p le r e la te d in d ex and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e
aids. A s re q u e s te d , lo c a te s c le a r ly id e n tifie d m a t e r ia l in f ile s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l. M a y p e r fo r m
r e la te d c le r i c a l ta sk s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v ic e f ile s .
C la s s C . P e r f o r m s rou tin e filin g o f m a t e r ia l that has a lr e a d y b een c la s s ifie d o r w h ich is
e a s ily c la s s ifie d in a s im p le s e r ia l c la s s ific a t io n
s y s te m (e .g ., a lp h a b e tic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r
n u m e ric a l). A s r e q u e s te d , lo c a te s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a t e r ia l in f ile s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l; and m a y
f i l l out w ith d ra w a l c h a rg e . M a y p e r fo r m s im p le c l e r i c a l and m an u al ta s k s r e q u ir e d to m ain tain and
s e r v ic e file s .
C L E R K , ORDER

•Exclusions
N ot a ll p o s itio n s that a re title d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the a b ove c h a r a c t e r is t ic s .
p o s itio n s w hich a re exc lu d e d fr o m the d e fin itio n a re as fo llo w s :
a.

P o s itio n s w h ich do not m e e t the " p e r s o n a l" s e c r e t a r y co n cep t d e s c r ib e d ab o ve;

b.

S ten o gra p h ers not fu lly tr a in e d in s e c r e t a r ia l ty p e d u ties;

c.
S ten o gra p h ers
m a n a g e r ia l p e rs o n s ;

s e rv in g

as

o ffic e

a s s is ta n ts

to

a g ro u p o f p r o fe s s io n a l,

d.
S e c r e ta r y p o s itio n s in w h ich th e d u ties a r e e it h e r s u b s ta n tia lly m o r e
s ta n tia lly m o r e c o m p le x and re s p o n s ib le than th o s e c h a r a c t e r iz e d in the d e fin itio n ;

R e c e iv e s c u s to m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r ia l o r m e rc h a n d is e b y m a il, phone, o r p e rs o n a lly .
D uties in v o lv e any com b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : Q u oting p r ic e s to c u s to m e r s ; m akin g out an o r d e r
sh eet lis tin g the ite m s to m ak e up the o r d e r ; ch eck in g p r ic e s and qu a n tities o f it e m s on o r d e r sh eet;
and d is trib u tin g o r d e r sh eets to r e s p e c t iv e d ep a rtm en ts to b e fille d . M a y ch eck w ith c r e d it d ep a rtm en t
to d e te rm in e c r e d it ra tin g o f c u s to m e r , a ck n o w led ge r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s fr o m c u s to m e r s , fo llo w up
o r d e r s to see that th ey have been fille d , k eep f ile o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and ch eck shipping in v o ic e s
w ith o rig in a l o r d e r s .
CLERK, PA YR O LL
C om pu tes w a g e s o f com p an y e m p lo y e e s and e n te rs the n e c e s s a r y data on the p a y r o ll sh eets.
D uties in v o lv e :
C a lc u la tin g w o r k e r s ' ea rn in g s b a sed on tim e o r p rod u ction r e c o r d s ; and p ostin g
c a lc u la te d data on p a y r o ll s h e e t, show ing in fo rm a tio n such as w o r k e r 's n a m e , w b rk in g d ays, t im e ,
ra te , deductions fo r in s u ra n c e , and to ta l w a g e s due. M a y m ak e out p a ych eck s and a s s is t p a y m a s te r
in m aking up and d is trib u tin g pay e n v e lo p e s .
M a y use a c a lc u la tin g m a ch in e.
KEYPUNCH O PERATO R
O p era tes a keypunch m a ch in e to r e c o r d o r v e r i f y
c a rd s o r on tape.
P o s itio n s

a re c la s s ifie d in to le v e ls

alp h a b etic and/or n u m e ric data on tabu latin g

on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .

C la s s A .
W o rk r e q u ir e s the a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d gm en t in s e le c tin g p ro c e d u re s
to be fo llo w e d and in s e a rc h in g fo r , in te r p r e tin g , s e le c tin g , o r co d in g ite m s to be keypunched fr o m a
v a r ie t y o f s o u rc e docu m en ts. On o c c a s io n m a y a ls o p e r fo r m s o m e ro u tin e keypunch w o rk . M a y tra in
in e x p e rie n c e d keypunch o p e r a to r s .
C la s s B.
W o rk is rou tin e and r e p e t it iv e .
U n d er c lo s e s u p e rv is io n o r fo llo w in g s p e c ific
p ro c e d u re s o r in s tru c tio n s , w o rk s fr o m v a r io u s sta n d a rd ize d s o u rc e docum ents w h ich h ave been c o d ed ,
and fo llo w s s p e c ifie d p ro c e d u r e s w h ich have been p r e s c r ib e d in d e ta il and r e q u ir e lit t le o r no s e le c tin g ,
cod in g, o r in te rp re tin g o f data to be r e c o r d e d . R e fe r s to s u p e r v is o r p ro b le m s a r is in g fr o m e rro n e o u s
ite m s o r c o d es o r m is s in g in fo rm a tio n .
M ESSENGER

E x a m p le s o f

t e c h n ic a l,

or

ro u tin e o r sub­

e.
A ss is ta n t typ e p o s itio n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e re s p o n s ib le te c h n ic a l,
a d m in is tr a tiv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c l e r i c a l d u ties w h ich a r e not t y p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r ia l
w o rk .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u sed in th e l e v e l d e fin itio n s fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to th o se
o ffic ia ls w ho have a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a te - w id e p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r com p an y
a c t iv it ie s .
The t it le " v i c e p r e s id e n t ," though n o r m a lly in d ic a tiv e o f th is r o le , d oes not in a ll c a s e s
id e n tify such p o sitio n s. V ic e p re s id e n ts w h ose p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y is to act p e r s o n a lly on in d iv id u a l
c a s e s o r tra n s a c tio n s (e .g ., a p p rove o r deny in d iv id u a l loan o r c r e d it a c tio n s ; a d m in is te r in d iv id u a l
tru s t accounts; d ir e c t ly s u p e rv is e a c le r i c a l s t a ff) a r e not c o n s id e r e d to be " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " fo r
p u rp o s e s o f applying the fo llo w in g l e v e l d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A
1.
S e c r e ta r y to the ch a irm a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s ,
o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

in a ll,

2.
S e c r e ta r y to a c o r p o r a te o f f ic e r (o th e r than th e c h a irm a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t ) o f a
com pan y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 but f e w e r than 25, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
3.
S e c r e ta r y to the head, im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l , o f a m a jo r
o r s u b s id ia ry o f a com pany that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

s eg m en t

C la s s B
1.
S e c r e ta r y to the ch a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s ,
fe w e r than IPO p e r s o n s ; o r

in a ll,

2.
S e c r e ta r y to a c o r p o r a te o f f i c e r (o th e r than th e c h a irm a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t ) o f a
com p an y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3.
S e c r e ta r y to the head, im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the o f f i c e r l e v e l , o v e r e it h e r a m a jo r c o r p o r a t e ­
w id e fu n ction a l a c tiv ity (e .g ., m a rk e tin g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a tio n s , in d u s tr ia l r e la tio n s , e t c . ) o r a m a jo r
g e o g ra p h ic o r o rg a n iz a tio n a l segm en t (e .g ., a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a rte rs ; a m a jo r d iv is io n ) o f a com p an y
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5,0 0 0 but fe w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p lo y e e s ; o r

P e r fo r m s v a r io u s rou tin e du ties such as running e r r a n d s , o p e ra tin g m in o r o ffic e m ach in es
such as s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , opening and d is trib u tin g m a il, and o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk . E xclu d e
p ositio n s that re q u ir e o p e ra tio n o f a m o to r v e h ic le as a s ig n ific a n t duty.

4.
S e c r e ta r y to the head of an in d iv id u a l p la n t,
o f f i c i a l ) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

SECRETARY

5.
S e c r e ta r y to the head o f a la r g e and im p o rta n t o r g a n iz a tio n a l se g m e n t (e .g ., a m id d le
m an agem en t s u p e r v is o r o f an o r g a n iz a tio n a l s e g m e n t often in v o lv in g as m an y as s e v e r a l hu ndred
p e r s o n s ) o r a com pany that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

A s s ig n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to one in d iv id u a l.
M a in ta in s a c lo s e and h igh ly
re s p o n s iv e r e la tio n s h ip to the d a y -to -d a y w o rk o f the s u p e r v is o r .
W o rk s f a i r l y in d ep en d en tly
r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e ta ile d s u p e rv is io n and gu id an ce. P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l
d u ties, u su ally in clu d in g m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
a.
R e c e iv e s te lep h o n e c a lls , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and in c o m in g m a il, a n s w e rs rou tin e in q u ir e s ,
and rou tes te c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s to the p r o p e r p e rs o n s ;
b.

M ain tain s the s u p e r v is o r 's c a le n d a r and m a k es ap p oin tm en ts as in s tru c te d ;

d.
v i s o r 's

E s ta b lis h e s ,

c.

m a in ta in s ,

and r e v is e s the

R e la y s m e s s a g e s fr o m

P e r fo r m s

s u p e r v is o r to s u b o rd in a tes;

s te n o g ra p h ic and typ in g w o rk .

M a y a ls o p e r fo r m o th e r c le r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l task s o f c o m p a ra b le n atu re and d iffic u lty .
T h e w o rk t y p ic a lly re q u ir e s k n o w led g e o f o ffic e ro u tin e and u n d erstan d in g o f the o rg a n iz a tio n , p r o g r a m s ,
and p ro c e d u re s

r e la te d to the w o r k o f the s u p e r v is o r .




e tc .

(o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t

le v e l of

C la s s C
1. S e c r e ta r y to an e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e rs o n w h o s e r e s p o n s ib ilit y is not e q u iv a le n t to
one o f the s p e c ific l e v e l situ ation s in the d e fin itio n f o r c la s s B , but w h o se o r g a n iz a tio n a l unit
n o r m a lly nu m bers at le a s t s e v e r a l d ozen e m p lo y e e s and is u su a lly d iv id e d into o r g a n iz a tio n a l s e g m e n ts
w h ich a re often , in tu rn , fu rth e r su b d ivid ed . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , th is l e v e l in clu d es a w id e ra n ge of
o r g a n iz a tio n a l ec h e lo n s ; in o th e rs , on ly one o r tw o ; o r

s u p e r v is o r 's f il e s ;

e.
R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o ra n d u m s , and r e p o r ts p r e p a r e d by oth e rs f o r the s u p e r ­
s ign a tu re to a s s u re p r o c e d u r a l and ty p o g ra p h ic a c c u ra c y ;
f.

fa c t o r y ,

2.
S e c r e ta r y to the head o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t,
o f f i c i a l ) that em p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

fa c t o r y ,

e tc . (o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f

C la s s D
1. S e c r e ta r y to the
about 25 o r 30 p e rs o n s ); o r

s u p e r v is o r

or

head

of

a s m a ll

o r g a n iz a tio n a l

unit

(e . g . ,

fe w e r

than

2.
S e c r e ta r y to a non s u p e r v is o r y s ta ff s p e c ia lis t , p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is tr a tiv e
o f f i c e r , o r assista n t, s k ille d tech n icia n o r e x p e r t.
(N O T E :
M a n y c o m p a n ie s a s s ig n s te n o g r a p h e r s ,
ra th e r than s e c r e t a r ie s as d e s c r ib e d a b o v e , to th is l e v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r . )

STENOGRAPHER

T A B U L A T IN G - M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (E le c t r ic A ccou n tin g M ach in e O p e r a to r )

P r im a r y duty is to ta k e d ic ta tio n u sin g shorthand, and to tr a n s c r ib e the d ic ta tio n . M a y a ls o
ty p e f r o m w ritte n co p y .
M a y o p e r a te f r o m a ste n o g ra p h ic p o o l.
M ay o c c a s io n a lly t r a n s c r ib e fr o m
v o ic e
r e c o r d in g s ( i f p r im a r y duty is tr a n s c r ib in g fr o m
r e c o r d in g s , see T r a n s c r ib in g -M a c h in e
O p e r a to r , G e n e r a l).

O p e ra te s one o r a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s such as th e ta b u la to r, c a lc u la to r , c o lla t o r , in t e r p r e t e r ,
s o r t e r , re p ro d u c in g punch, e tc . E x c lu d e d fr o m th is d e fin itio n a re w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s . A ls o exclu d ed
a r e o p e r a to r s o f e le c t r o n ic d ig it a l c o m p u te rs , e ven though th ey m a y a ls o op e ra te E A M equipm ent.

N O T E : T h is jo b is d is tin g u is h e d f r o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a s e c r e t a r y n o r m a lly w o rk s
in a c o n fid e n tia l re la tio n s h ip w ith o n ly one m a n a g e r o r e x e c u tiv e and p e r fo r m s m o r e r e s p o n s ib le and
d is c r e t io n a r y ta s k s as d e s c r ib e d in th e s e c r e t a r y jo b d e fin itio n .

C la s s A . P e r f o r m s c o m p le te re p o rtin g and ta b u la tin g a s s ig n m e n ts in clu d in g d e v is in g d iffic u lt
c o n tr o l p a n el w ir in g under g e n e r a l s u p e rv is io n .
A s s ig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e a v a r ie t y o f lon g and
c o m p le x r e p o r ts w h ich often a r e i r r e g u la r o r n o n r e c u r r in g , r e q u ir in g so m e planning o f the n atu re and
seq u en cin g o f o p e r a tio n s , and th e use o f a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s . Is t y p ic a lly in v o lv e d in tra in in g new
o p e r a to r s in m a ch in e o p e ra tio n s o r tra in in g lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a to r s in w ir in g fr o m d ia g ra m s and in
th e o p e ra tin g s eq u en ces o f lon g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D oes not in clu d e p o sitio n s in w h ich w irin g
r e s p o n s ib ility is lim it e d to s e le c tio n and in s e r tio n o f p r e w ir e d b o a rd s .

S te n o g ra p h e r, G e n e r a l
D icta tio n in v o lv e s a n o r m a l ro u tin e v o c a b u la ry .
o r p e r fo r m o th e r r e la t iv e ly ro u tin e c l e r i c a l ta sk s.

M a y m ain tain

f ile s ,

k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s ,

S te n o g ra p h e r, S e n io r
r e p o r ts

D icta tio n in v o lv e s a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l ,o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la ry such as in le g a l
on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h . M a y a ls o s e t up and m ain tain f il e s , k eep r e c o r d s , e tc.

b r ie fs o r

OR
P e r f o r m s s te n o g r a p h ic d u ties r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n tly g r e a t e r in dependence and r e s p o n s ib ility
than s te n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l, as e v id e n c e d b y th e fo llo w in g : W o rk re q u ir e s a high d e g r e e o f ste n o g ra p h ic
sp e e d and a c c u ra c y ; a th o ro u g h w o rk in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u sin ess and o ffic e p ro c e d u re ; and o f
the s p e c ific b u sin ess o p e r a tio n s , o r g a n iz a tio n , p o lic ie s , p r o c e d u r e s , f ile s , w o r k flo w , e tc . U s e s th is
k n o w le d g e in p e r fo r m in g s te n o g ra p h ic d u ties and re s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l ta sk s such as m ain ta in in g fo llo w u p
f il e s ; a s s e m b lin g m a t e r ia l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o ra n d u m s , and le t t e r s ; com p osin g s im p le le t t e r s fr o m
g e n e r a l in s tr u c tio n s ; r e a d in g and ro u tin g in c o m in g m a il; and a n s w e rin g rou tine q u e s tio n s , e tc.

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s a te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le used w ith a p r iv a te b ra n ch exch an ge (P B X )
s y s t e m to r e la y in c o m in g , o u tg o in g , and in t r a - s y s t e m c a lls .
M ay p ro v id e in fo rm a tio n to c a lle r s ,
r e c o r d and tra n s m it m e s s a g e s , k e e p r e c o r d o f c a lls p la c e d and t o ll c h a rg e s .
B e s id e s o p e ra tin g a
te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le , m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r fo r m rou tin e c le r ic a l w o r k (typ in g o r rou tin e
c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y occu p y the m a jo r p o rtio n o f the w o r k e r 's tim e , and is u su ally p e r fo r m e d w h ile at
the s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le ).
C h ie f o r le a d o p e r a to r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts em p lo y in g m o r e than one
o p e r a to r a r e e x clu d ed . F o r an o p e r a t o r w ho a ls o acts as a r e c e p tio n is t, see S w itch b o a rd O p e r a to r R e c e p tio n is t.

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T
At a s in g le - p o s it io n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le , acts both as an o p e r a to r — see S w itc h ­
b o a rd O p e r a to r — and as a r e c e p t io n is t . R e c e p t io n is t 's w o rk in v o lv e s such duties as g r e e tin g v is it o r s ;
d e te r m in in g n atu re o f v i s i t o r 's b u s in e s s and p ro v id in g a p p ro p ria te in fo rm a tio n ; r e f e r r in g v i s i t o r to
a p p r o p r ia te p erso n in the o r g a n iz a tio n , o r co n ta ctin g that p e rs o n b y telep h on e and a rra n g in g an
ap p oin tm en t; k e ep in g a lo g o f v i s i t o r s .

P o s itio n s

a r e c la s s ifie d in to le v e ls

on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d efin ition s.

C la s s B . P e r f o r m s w o rk a c c o rd in g to e s ta b lis h e d p ro c e d u r e s and under s p e c ific in stru ctio n s.
A s s ig n m e n ts t y p ic a lly in v o lv e c o m p le te but rou tin e and r e c u r r in g r e p o r ts o r p a rts o f la r g e r and m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p e ra te s m o r e d iffic u lt ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r ic a l accou n tin g m a ch in es such as the
ta b u la to r and c a lc u la to r , in addition to the s im p le r m a ch in es used b y c la s s C o p e r a to r s .
M ay be
r e q u ir e d to do s o m e w ir in g fr o m d ia g ra m s .
M a y tra in new e m p lo y e e s in b a s ic m ach in e o p era tio n s.
C la s s G . U n d er s p e c ific in s tru c tio n s , o p e r a te s s im p le tab u latin g o r e le c t r ic a l accounting
m a ch in es such as th e s o r t e r , in t e r p r e t e r , re p ro d u c in g punch, c o lla t o r , e tc .
A ss ig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly
in v o lv e p o rtio n s o f a w o rk unit, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o rtin g o r c o lla tin g runs, o r r e p e titiv e
o p e ra tio n s .
M a y p e r fo r m s im p le w ir in g fr o m d ia g r a m s , and do s o m e filin g w ork.

TRANSCRIBINGrMACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
P r im a r y duty is to t r a n s c r ib e d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l ro u tin e v o c a b u la ry fr o m tr a n ­
s c r ib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a ls o typ e f r o m w r itte n co p y and do s im p le c le r ic a l w o rk . W o r k e r s
tr a n s c r ib in g d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such as le g a l b r ie fs o r
r e p o r ts on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h a r e not in clu d ed .
A w o r k e r w ho ta k es d icta tio n in shorthand o r by
S ten otype o r s im ila r m a ch in e is c la s s ifie d as a s te n o g ra p h e r.

TYPIST
U ses a t y p e w r it e r to 'make c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls o r to m ake out b ills a fte r c a lcu la tio n s
have been m ad e b y an oth er p e rs o n .
M a y in clu d e ty p in g o f s te n c ils , m a ts , o r s im ila r m a t e r ia ls fo r
use in d u p lica tin g p r o c e s s e s . M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g lit t le s p e c ia l tra in in g , such as k eepin g
s im p le r e c o r d s , f ilin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o rtin g and d is trib u tin g in co m in g m a il.
C la s s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : T y p in g m a t e r ia l in fin a l fo r m when it
in v o lv e s co m b in in g m a t e r ia l fr o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r r e s p o n s ib ility f o r c o r r e c t s p e llin g , s y lla b ic a tio n ,
punctuation, e t c ., o f te c h n ic a l o r unusual w o rd s o r fo r e ig n lan gu age m a t e r ia l; o r planning layou t and
typ in g o f c o m p lic a te d s ta t is t ic a l ta b le s to m a in ta in u n ifo r m ity and b a la n ce in sp acin g. M ay typ e routine
f o r m le t t e r s , v a r y in g d e ta ils to su it c ir c u m s ta n c e s .

C la s s B . P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : C opy typ in g fr o m rough o r c le a r d ra fts ;
o r ro u tin e ty p in g o f fo r m s , in su ra n ce p o lic ie s , e tc ; o r settin g up s im p le stan dard ta b u la tion s; o r
co p y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s a lr e a d y set up and sp a c e d p r o p e r ly .

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
CO M PUTER O PERATOR

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — C ontinued

M o n ito rs and o p e r a te s th e c o n tr o l c o n s o le o f a d ig ita l co m p u ter to p r o c e s s data c c c o r d in g to
o p e ra tin g in s tr u c tio n s , u s u a lly p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m m e r .
W o rk in clu des m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
S tu d ies in s tru c tio n s to d e te r m in e eq u ip m en t setup and o p e ra tio n s ; load s eq u ip m en t >tfith r e q u ir e d
ite m s (ta p e r e e ls , c a r d s , e t c .); s w itc h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia ry equ ipm en t into c ir c u it , and s ta rts and
o p e r a te s c o m p u te r; m a k es a d ju stm en ts to c o m p u te r to c o r r e c t o p e ra tin g p r o b le m s and m e e t s p e c ia l
c o n d itio n s ; r e v ie w s e r r o r s m a d e du rin g o p e ra tio n and d e te rm in e s cause o r r e f e r s p r o b le m to
s u p e r v is o r o r p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a in ta in s o p e ra tin g r e c o r d s .
M a y te s t and a s s is t in c o r r e c t in g
p rogra m .

C la s s B .
O p e ra te s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u nder o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n , a co m p u te r running
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s : M o s t o f the p r o g r a m s a re e s ta b lis h e d produ ction
ru n s, t y p ic a lly run on a r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; th e r e is lit t le o r n o testin g o f n ew p ro g r a m s
r e q u ir e d ; a lte rn a te p r o g r a m s a re p r o v id e d in c a s e o r ig in a l p r o g r a m n eed s m a jo r change o r cannot be
c o r r e c t e d w ith in a re a s o n a b ly t im e . In co m m o n e r r o r s itu a tio n s , d ia g n o s e s cau se and ta k e s c o r r e c t iv e
a ctio n .
T h is u su a lly in v o lv e s ap p lyin g p r e v io u s ly p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t iv e step s, o r using standard
c o r r e c t io n te c h n iq u e s .
OR

F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s ,

c o m p u te r o p e r a to r s a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A .
O p e r a te s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r under only g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n , a c o m p u te r running
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s :
N ew p r o g r a m s a re fr e q u e n tly te s te d and
in tro d u c e d ; sch ed u lin g r e q u ir e m e n ts a r e o f c r i t i c a l im p o rta n c e to m in im iz e d o w n tim e; the p r o g r a m s
a r e o f c o m p le x d e s ig n so that id e n tific a tio n o f e r r o r s o u rce often re q u ir e s a w o rk in g k n o w led g e o f the
to ta l p r o g r a m , and a lte r n a te p r o g r a m s m a y not be a v a ila b le .
M a y g iv e d ir e c tio n and gu id an ce to
lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a to r s .




O p e ra te s u n der d ir e c t s u p e r v is io n a c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s o r segm en ts o f p ro g ra m s
w ith the c h a r a c t e r is t ic s d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A . M a y a s s is t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e ra to r b y in depen den tly
p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt ta s k s fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s
and w ith fre q u e n t r e v ie w o f o p e ra tio n s p e r fo r m e d .
G la s s G . W o rk s on ro u tin e p r o g r a m s under c lo s e s u p e rv is io n . Is e x p e c te d to d e v e lo p w o rk in g
k n o w le d g e o f th e c o m p u te r eq u ip m en t used and a b ility to d e te c t p r o b le m s in v o lv e d in running routine
p r o g r a m s . U s u a lly has r e c e iv e d so m e fo r m a l tr a in in g in co m p u te r o p e ra tio n . M ay a s s is t h ig h e r l e v e l
o p e r a to r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .

C o n v e rts s ta tem en ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b le m s , t y p ic a lly p r e p a r e d b y a s y s te m s a n a ly s t, in to a
sequ en ce o f d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s w h ich a r e r e q u ir e d to s o lv e the p ro b le m s b y au tom a tic data p r o c e s s in g
equipm ent. W o rk in g fr o m ch a rts o r d ia g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s the p r e c is e in s tru c tio n s w h ich ,
when e n te re d in to the c o m p u te r s y s te m in co d ed la n g u a g e , cau se th e m a n ip u la tio n o f data to a c h ie v e
d e s ir e d re s u lts .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : A p p lie s k n o w le d g e o f c o m p u te r c a p a b ilitie s ,
m a th e m a tic s , lo g ic e m p lo y e d b y c o m p u te r s , and p a r t ic u la r su b ject m a tte r in v o lv e d to a n a ly ze c h a rts
and d ia g ra m s o f th e p r o b le m to be p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s seq u en ce o f p r o g r a m step s; w r it e s d e ta ile d
flo w ch a rts t o show o r d e r in w h ich data w i l l be p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r ts th e s e c h a rts to co d e d in s tru c tio n s
fo r m ach in e to fo llo w ; te s ts and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s tru c tio n s f o r o p e ra tin g p e rs o n n e l
d u rin g prod u ction run; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lt e r s p r o g r a m s t o in c r e a s e o p e ra tin g e f fic ie n c y o r
adapt to new re q u ir e m e n ts ; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s o f p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t and r e v is io n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s
p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g should be c la s s ifie d as s y s te m s a n a lysts i f th is is
the s k ill used to d e te r m in e t h e ir p a y .)
D oes n ot in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily re s p o n s ib le f o r the m a n a gem en t Or s u p e rv is io n o f o th er
e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o g r a m m e r s p r im a r ily c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n t ific and/or
en g in e e rin g p r o b le m s .
F o r w a g e study p u rp o s e s ,

p rogra m m ers

a re c la s s ifie d

as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W o rk s in d ep en d en tly o r under o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on c o m p le x p ro b le m s w h ich
r e q u ir e co m p e te n c e in a ll p h a ses o f p r o g r a m m in g c o n cep ts and p r a c t ic e s .
W o rk in g fr o m d ia g ra m s
and ch a rts w h ich id e n tify the n atu re o f d e s ir e d r e s u lt s , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g step s to b e a c c o m p lis h e d ,
and the re la tio n s h ip s b etw een v a r io u s s tep s o f the p r o b le m s o lv in g ro u tin e ; plans the fu ll ra n ge
o f p ro g ra m m in g a ctio n s n e e d e d to e f fic ie n t ly u tiliz e th e c o m p u te r s y s te m in a c h ie v in g d e s ir e d
end prod u cts.
A t th is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m in g is d iffic u lt b e c a u s e c o m p u te r equ ip m en t m u st b e o r g a n iz e d to
p ro d u ce s e v e r a l in t e r r e la t e d but d iv e r s e p ro d u c ts fr o m n u m ero u s and d iv e r s e data e le m e n ts . A w id e
v a r ie t y and e x te n s iv e n u m b er o f in te r n a l p r o c e s s in g a ctio n s m u st o c c u r. T h is re q u ir e s such a ctio n s as
d evelo p m en t o f co m m o n o p e ra tio n s w h ich can be re u s e d , e s ta b lis h m e n t o f lin k a g e p oin ts b etw een
o p e ra tio n s , ad ju stm en ts to data when p r o g r a m re q u ir e m e n ts e x c e e d c o m p u te r s to r a g e c a p a c ity , and
su b stan tial m a n ip u la tion and re s e q u e n c in g o f data e le m e n ts to fo r m a h ig h ly in te g r a te d p r o g r a m .
M ay

p r o v id e

fu n ctio n a l

d ir e c tio n to

lo w e r l e v e l

p ro g ra m m ers

w h o a re

s y s te m s

a n a ly sts

a r e c l a s s if ie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W o rk s in d ep en d en tly o r u n der o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on c o m p le x p r o b le m s in v o lv in g
a ll p h a ses o f s y s te m a n a ly s is .
P r o b le m s a r e c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d iv e r s e s o u r c e s o f input data and
m u ltip le -u s e re q u ire m e n ts o f output data. ( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in te g r a te d p ro d u c tio n s c h ed u lin g ,
in v e n to r y c o n tro l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in w h ic h e v e r y it e m o f e a c h ty p e is
a u to m a tic a lly p r o c e s s e d th rou gh the fu ll s y s te m o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r ia te fo llo w u p a c tio n s a r e in itia te d
b y th e c o m p u te r.) C o n fe rs w ith p e rs o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e te r m in e th e data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and
a d v is e s s u b je c t-m a tte r p e rs o n n e l on th e im p lic a tio n s o f n ew o r r e v is e d s y s te m s o f d ata p r o c e s s in g
o p e r a tio n s . M ak es re c o m m e n d a tio n s , i f n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a jo r s y s te m s in s ta lla tio n s o r ch an ges
and fo r obtaining equ ipm en t.
M a y p r o v id e fu n ctio n a l d ir e c tio n t o lo w e r l e v e l s y s te m s a n a ly s ts w h o a r e a s s ig n e d to a s s is t.
C la s s B . W o rk s in d ep en d en tly o r u nder o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on p r o b le m s that a r e r e la t iv e ly
u n co m p lica ted to a n a ly z e , plan , p r o g r a m , and o p e r a te . P r o b le m s a r e o f lim it e d c o m p le x ity b e c a u s e
s o u r c e s o f input data a re h om ogen eou s and th e output data a r e c lo s e ly re la te d . ( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s
s y s te m s fo r m a in ta in in g d e p o s ito r accou nts in a bank, m a in ta in in g accou n ts r e c e iv a b le in a r e t a il
e s ta b lis h m e n t, o r m ain ta in in g in v e n to ry accou n ts in a m a n u fa c tu rin g o r w h o le s a le e s ta b lis h m e n t.)
C o n fe r s w ith p e rs o n s c o n c e rn e d to d e te r m in e the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c tm a tte r p e rs o n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s o f th e data p r o c e s s in g s y s te m s to be ap p lied .
OR
W o rk s pn a segm en t o f a c o m p le x d a ta p r o c e s s in g s c h e m e o r s y s te m , as d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A.
W o rk s in depen den tly on rou tin e a s s ig n m e n ts and r e c e iv e s in s tru c tio n and gu id a n ce on c o m p le x
a s s ig n m e n ts . W o rk is r e v ie w e d fo r a c c u ra c y o f ju d g m e n t, c o m p lia n c e w ith in s tr u c tio n s , and to in s u re
p r o p e r a lign m en t w ith the o v e r a ll s y s te m .
C la s s C . W o rk s u n der im m e d ia te s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y in g out a n a ly s e s as a s s ig n e d , u su a lly
o f a s in g le a c tiv ity .
A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d e s ig n e d t o d e v e lo p and exp an d p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e in the
a p p lic a tio n of p ro c e d u re s and s k ills r e q u ir e d f o r s y s te m s a n a ly s is w o r k . F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s is t a
h ig h e r l e v e l sy s te m s a n alyst b y p r e p a r in g th e d e ta ile d s p e c ific a tio n s r e q u ir e d b y p r o g r a m m e r s fr o m
in fo r m a tio n d e v e lo p e d b y the h ig h e r l e v e l a n a ly st.

a s s ig n e d to a s s is t.

C la s s B . W o rk s in d ep en d en tly o r u nder on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on r e la t iv e ly s im p le p r o g r a m s ,
o r on sim p le s e g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s . P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n ts ) u su ally p r o c e s s in fo rm a tio n to
p rod u ce data in tw o o r t h r e e v a r ie d s e q u en ces o r fo r m a ts .
R e p o rts and lis t in g s a r e p ro d u ced by
r e fin in g , adaptin g, a r r a y in g , o r m a k in g m in o r a d d ition s to o r d e le tio n s fr o m input data w h ich a re
r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m ero u s r e c o r d s m a y be p r o c e s s e d , the data h a ve b een r e fin e d in p r io r
action s so that the a c c u ra c y and seq u en cin g o f data can b e t e s te d by u sin g a fe w rou tin e ch eck s.
T y p ic a lly , the p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith ro u tin e r e c o r d - k e e p in g ty p e o p e ra tio n s .
OR
W o rk s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (as d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A ) under c lo s e d ir e c tio n o f a h ig h e r
l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s is t h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r b y in d ep en d en tly p e r fo r m in g
le s s d iffic u lt ta sk s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt ta sk s u nder f a ir ly c lo s e d ir e c tio n .
M ay gu id e o r in s tru c t lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s G . M a k es p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t ic e s and c o n cep ts u su ally le a r n e d
in fo r m a l tr a in in g c o u r s e s .
A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e te n c e in the a p p lic a tio n o f
stan d ard p r o c e d u re s to rou tin e p r o b le m s . R e c e iv e s c lo s e s u p e rv is io n on n ew a sp ects o f a s s ig n m e n ts ;
and w o rk is r e v ie w e d to v e r i f y its a c c u r a c y and c o n fo rm a n c e w ith r e q u ir e d p r o c e d u r e s .
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U SIN E SS
A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p ro b le m s to fo r m u la te p r o c e d u r e s fo r s o lv in g th e m by use o f e le c t r o n ic
data p r o c e s s in g eq u ip m en t.
D e v e lo p s a c o m p le te d e s c r ip tio n o f a ll s p e c ific a tio n s n eed ed t o en ab le
p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e r e q u ir e d d ig it a l c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
A n a ly z e s s u b je c t- m a tte r o p e ra tio n s to be a u tom a ted and id e n tifie s co n d itio n s and c r i t e r i a r e q u ir e d to
a c h ie v e s a t is fa c t o r y r e s u lts ; s p e c ifie s n u m b er and ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and docu m en ts to b e used;
ou tlin es action s t o b e p e r fo r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u te rs in s u ffic ie n t d e ta il f o r p re s e n ta tio n to
m an agem en t and f o r p ro g r a m m in g (t y p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p r e p a r a tio n o f w o r k and data flo w c h a r ts );
c o o rd in a te s th e d e v e lo p m e n t o f t e s t p ro b le m s and p a r tic ip a te s in t r i a l runs o f n ew and r e v is e d s y s te m s ;
and re c o m m e n d s equ ip m en t ch an ges t o obtain m o r e e f f e c t iv e o v e r a ll o p e ra tio n s .
(N O T E :
W ork ers
p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g should b e c la s s ifie d as s y s te m s a n a lysts i f th is is
the s k ill used to d e te rm in e t h e ir p a y .)
D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily re s p o n s ib le f o r the m a n a g em en t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o th e r
e le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r s y s te m s a n a ly s ts p r im a r il y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n t ific o r
e n g in e e rin g p r o b le m s .




F o r w a ge study p u rp o s e s ,

DRAFTER
C la s s A . P la n s the g ra p h ic p re s e n ta tio n o f c o m p le x it e m s h a vin g d is t in c t iv e d e s ig n fe a tu r e s
that d if f e r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m e s ta b lis h e d d ra ftin g p re c e d e n ts . W o r k s in c lo s e su p p ort w ith the d esig n
o r ig in a t o r , and m a y re c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n ch a n ges.
A n a ly z e s the e ffe c t o f e a c h change on the
d e ta ils o f fo r m , fu n ction , and p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s o f co m p o n en ts and p a r ts .
W o rk s w ith a
m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is ta n c e . C o m p le te d w o r k is r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r f o r c o n s is te n c y
w ith p r io r e n g in e e rin g d e te rm in a tio n s . M a y e it h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d ir e c t t h e ir p re p a r a tio n by
lo w e r l e v e l d r a fte r s .
C la s s B . P e r fo r m s nonrou tine and c o m p le x d ra ftin g a s s ig n m e n ts th at r e q u ir e th e a p p lic a tio n
o f m o s t o f the s ta n d a rd ize d d ra w in g te c h n iq u e s r e g u la r ly u sed . D u ties t y p ic a lly in v o lv e such w o r k as:
P r e p a r e s w o rk in g d ra w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith ir r e g u l a r s h a p e s , m u ltip le fu n c tio n s , and p r e c is e
p o s itio n a l re la tio n s h ip s b etw een com p o n en ts; p r e p a r e s a r c h it e c t u r a l d ra w in g s f o r c o n s tru c tio n o f a
b u ild in g in clu d in g d e ta il d ra w in g s o f fou n d a tio n s , w a ll s e c tio n s , f l o o r p la n s , and r o o f. U s e s a c c e p te d
fo r m u la s and m anuals in m akin g n e c e s s a r y co m p u ta tio n s to d e te r m in e q u a n titie s o f m a t e r ia ls t o be
u sed , lo a d c a p a c itie s , s tre n g th s , s t r e s s e s , e tc .
R e c e iv e s in it ia l in s tr u c tio n s , r e q u ir e m e n t s , and
a d v ic e fr o m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le te d w o r k is c h e c k e d f o r te c h n ic a l ad equ acy.
C la s s C . P r e p a r e s d e ta il d ra w in g s o f s in g le u n its o r p a r ts f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tru c tio n ,
m a n u fa c tu rin g , o r r e p a ir p u rp o ses.
T y p e s o f d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e is o m e t r ic p r o je c t io n s
(d e p ic tin g th re e d im en sio n s in a cc u ra te s c a le ) and s ectio n ed v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s itio n in g o f co m p on en ts
and c o n v e y n eed ed in fo rm a tio n .
C o n s o lid a te s d e ta ils f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s and a d ju sts o r
tr a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ir e d .
S u ggested m e th o d s o f a p p ro a c h , a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n ts , and a d v ic e on
s o u rc e m a te r ia ls a re g iv e n w ith in it ia l a s s ig n m e n ts . In s tr u c tio n s a r e le s s c o m p le te w hen a s s ig n m e n ts
recu r.
W o rk m ay be s p o t-c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T E R -T R A C E R
C o p ie s plans and d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o th e rs b y p la c in g tr a c in g c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r d ra w in g s
and t r a c in g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
(D o es n ot in c lu d e t r a c in g lim it e d to p la n s p r i m a r i l y c o n s is tin g o f
s tra ig h t lin e s and a la r g e s c a le not r e q u ir in g c lo s e d e lin e a tio n .)
AND /O R
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e t it iv e d ra w in g s o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d ite m s .
du rin g p r o g r e s s .

W o r k i s c lo s e ly

s u p e r v is e d

W o r k s on v a r io u s ty p e s o f e le c t r o n ic equipm ent and re la te d d e v ic e s by p e r fo r m in g one o r a
c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : In s ta llin g , m a in ta in in g , re p a ir in g , o v e rh a u lin g , tro u b le s h o o tin g , m o d ify in g ,
c o n s tru c tin g , and te s tin g .
W o r k r e q u ir e s p r a c t ic a l ap p lica tio n o f te c h n ic a l k n o w led g e o f e le c t r o n ic s
p r in c ip le s , a b ility to d e te r m in e m a lfu n c tio n s , and s k ill to put equ ipm en t in re q u ire d o p e ra tin g con d ition .

C la s s B . A p p lie s c o m p re h e n s iv e te c h n ic a l k n o w led ge to s o lv e co m p le x p ro b lem s (i.e ., those
that ty p ic a lly can be s o lv e d s o le ly by p r o p e r ly in te r p r e tin g m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m anuals o r s im ila r
d o cu m en ts) in w o rk in g on e le c t r o n ic equ ip m en t. W o rk in v o lv e s : A f a m ilia r it y with the in te r r e la tio n ­
ships of c ir c u its ; and ju d gm en t in d e te rm in in g w o rk sequ en ce and in s e le c tin g to o ls and testin g
in s tru m e n ts , u su ally le s s c o m p le x than th o se used b y the c la s s A tech n icia n .

T h e equ ipm en t— c o n s is tin g o f e it h e r m any d iffe r e n t kinds of c ir c u its o r m u ltip le r e p e titio n of
the s a m e kind o f c ir c u it — in c lu d e s , but is not lim ite d to , the fo llo w in g :
(a) E le c t r o n ic tra n s m ittin g
and r e c e iv in g equ ip m en t ( e . g . , r a d a r , ra d io , te le v is io n , te le p h o n e , sonar, n a v ig a tio n a l a id s ), (b )
d ig ita l and analog c o m p u te r s , and (c ) in d u s tr ia l and m e d ic a l m e a s u rin g and c o n tr o llin g equ ip m en t.

R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l gu id a n ce, as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r le v e l tech n ician , and
w o rk is r e v ie w e d f o r s p e c ific c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d p r a c tic e s and w o rk a ssign m en ts. M ay p ro v id e
te c h n ic a l gu idan ce to lo w e r l e v e l tec h n ic ia n s .

T h is c la s s ific a t io n e x c lu d e s r e p a ir e r s o f such stan dard e le c tr o n ic equ ipm ent as com m on o ffic e
m a c h in e s and h ou seh old ra d io and t e le v is io n s e ts ; produ ction a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h ose
p r im a r y duty is
s e r v ic in g e le c t r o n ic te s t in stru m en ts; tech n icia n s who have a d m in is tr a tiv e o r
s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s ib ility ; and d r a ft e r s , d e s ig n e r s , and p r o fe s s io n a l e n g in e e rs .

G la ss C . A p p lie s w o rk in g te c h n ic a l k n o w led ge to p e r fo r m s im p le o r routine tasks in w ork in g
on e le c t r o n ic eq u ip m en t, fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s w h ich c o v e r v ir t u a lly all p ro c e d u re s .
W ork
ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s such ta sk s as: A s s is tin g h ig h e r l e v e l tech n ic ia n s by p e r fo r m in g such a c tiv itie s as
r e p la c in g com p o n en ts, w ir in g c ir c u it s , and takin g te s t re a d in g s ; r e p a ir in g s im p le e le c tr o n ic equipm ent;
and using to o ls and com m on te s t in stru m en ts (e .g ., m u ltim e te r s , audio s ig n a l g e n e r a to r s , tube te s t e r s ,
o s c illo s c o p e s ). Is not r e q u ir e d to be fa m ilia r w ith the in te r r e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u its . T h is kn ow led ge,
h o w e v e r , m a y be a c q u ire d th rou gh a ssig n m en ts d e s ig n e d to in c r e a s e com p e te n c e (in clu din g c la s s r o o m
t r a in in g ) so that w o r k e r can advan ce to h ig h e r l e v e l tech n icia n .

P o s itio n s

a r e c l a s s if ie d in to le v e ls

on the b a sis

o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .

R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l gu id a n ce, as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r le v e l tech n icia n . W ork
is t y p ic a lly spot c h eck ed , but is g iv e n d e ta ile d r e v ie w when new o r advan ced a ssign m en ts a re in v o lv e d .

C la s s A . A p p lie s a d va n ced te c h n ic a l k n ow led ge to s o lv e unusually c o m p le x p ro b le m s ( i. e . ,
th ose that t y p ic a lly cannot be s o lv e d s o le ly by
r e fe r e n c e to m a n u fa c tu re rs ' m an u als o r s im ila r
d o c u m e n ts ) in w o rk in g on e le c t r o n ic eq u ip m en t.
E x a m p les o f such p ro b lem s in clu d e lo c a tio n and
d e n s ity o f c ir c u it r y , e le c t r o - m a g n e t ic ra d ia tio n , is o la tin g m a lfu n ctio n s, and fre q u e n t e n g in e e rin g
ch a n ges.
W o rk in v o lv e s :
A d e ta ile d u n derstan din g o f the in te rre la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s ; e x e r c is in g
in depen den t ju d gm en t in p e r fo r m in g such ta s k s as m aking c ir c u it a n a ly ses, c a lc u la tin g w a ve fo r m s ,
tr a c in g r e la tio n s h ip s in s ig n a l flo w ; and r e g u la r ly using c o m p le x te s t in stru m en ts- (e .g ., dual t r a c e
o s c illo s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia tio n m e t e r s , p u lse g e n e r a to r s ).
W o rk m ay be r e v ie w e d b y
c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d p r a c t ic e s .

s u p e r v is o r (fre q u e n tly an e n g in e e r o r d e s ig n e r )
M a y p ro v id e te c h n ic a l guidance to lo w e r l e v e l

fo r g e n e r a l
tec h n ic ia n s .

N U R S E , IN D U S T R IA L (R e g is t e r e d )
A r e g is t e r e d n u rse who g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e under g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ire c tio n to i l l o r in ju re d
e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e rs o n s who b e c o m e i l l o r s u ffe r an accid en t on the p re m is e s o f a fa c to r y or
o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
D u ties in v o lv e a co m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : G iv in g f ir s t aid to the i l l or
in ju re d ; attending to subsequent d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k eep in g r e c o r d s o f patien ts tre a te d ;
p re p a rin g accid en t r e p o r ts f o r co m p en sa tio n o r o th e r p u rp o s e s ; a s s is tin g in p h y s ic a l ex am in ation s and
h ealth e v a lu a tio n s o f ap p lica n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y in g out p ro g ra m s in v o lv in g health
ed u cation , a ccid en t p re v e n tio n , eva lu a tio n o f plant e n v iro n m e n t, o r o th e r a c tiv itie s a ffe c tin g the health,
w e lfa r e , and s a fe ty o f a ll p e rs o n n e l. N u rsin g s u p e r v is o r s o r head n u rses in esta b lish m en ts em p lo yin g
m o r e than one n u rse a re ex clu d ed .

M AINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
B O IL E R T E N D E R

H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

F i r e s s ta tio n a r y b o ile r s to fu rn is h the e sta b lish m en t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith h eat, p o w e r ,
o r ste a m .
F e e d s fu els to f i r e by hand o r o p e ra te s a m e c h a n ic a l s to k e r, g a s , o r o il b u rn e r; and
ch e c k s w a t e r and s a fe ty v a lv e s .
M a y c le a n , o il, o r a s s is t in rep a irin g b o ile r r o o m equ ipm en t.

A s s is ts one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m a in ten an ce t r a d e s , by p e r fo r m in g s p e c ific o r
g e n e r a l du ties o f l e s s e r s k ill, such as k eep in g a w o r k e r su pplied w ith m a te r ia ls and to o ls ; clean in g
w o rk in g a r e a , m a c h in e , and eq u ip m en t; a s s is tin g jo u rn e y m a n by h oldin g m a te r ia ls o r to o ls ; and
p e r fo r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d ta s k s as d ir e c te d by jo u rn e y m a n . T h e kind o f w o rk the h e lp e r is p e rm itte d
to p e r fo r m v a r ie s fr o m tr a d e to t r a d e :
In so m e tr a d e s the h e lp e r is con fin ed to su pplying, liftin g ,
and h oldin g m a t e r ia ls and t o o ls , and c lea n in g w o rk in g a r e a s ; and in o th e rs he is p e rm itte d to p e r fo r m
s p e c ia liz e d m ach in e o p e r a tio n s , o r p a rts o f a tra d e that a r e a ls o p e r fo r m e d by w o r k e r s on a
fu ll- t im e b a s is .

C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r f o r m s the c a r p e n tr y d u ties n e c e s s a r y to co n stru ct and m aintain in g ood r e p a ir b u ild in g
w o o d w o rk and eq u ip m en t such as b in s , c r ib s , c o u n ters, b en ch es, p a rtitio n s , d o o r s , flo o r s , s t a ir s ,
c a s in g s , and t r im m a d e o f w o o d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o st of the fo llo w in g : P la n n in g
and la y in g out o f w o rk fr o m b lu e p r in ts , d ra w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tru c tio n s ; using a v a r ie t y o f
c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d tools, p o rta b le p o w e r t o o ls , and standard m e a s u rin g in stru m en ts; m akin g stan d ard
shop com p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e le c tin g m a te r ia ls n e c e s s a r y fo r the w o rk . In
g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in ten a n ce c a r p e n te r re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly
a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r eq u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .
E L E C T R IC IA N ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r fo r m s a v a r ie t y o f e le c t r i c a l tr a d e fu nctions such as the in s ta lla tio n , m a in ten a n ce, o r
r e p a ir o f equ ip m en t fo r the g e n e r a tio n , d is trib u tio n , o r u tiliza tio n o f e le c t r ic e n e rg y in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : In s ta llin g o r r e p a ir in g any of a v a r ie ty o f e l e c t r ic a l equ ipm en t
such as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w itc h b o a rd s , c o n t r o lle r s , c ir c u it b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h eating units,
conduit s y s te m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m is s io n eq u ip m en t; w o rk in g fr o m b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s , la y o u ts , o r
o th e r s p e c ific a tio n s ; lo c a tin g and d ia g n o s in g tro u b le in the e le c t r ic a l sy stem o r equ ipm en t; w o rk in g
sta n d a rd com p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n ts o f w ir in g o r e le c t r ic a l equ ip m en t; and using a
v a r i e t y o f e le c t r ic ia n 's h a n d tools and m e a s u r in g and te s tin g in stru m en ts. In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the
m a in ten a n ce e le c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s rou nded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e usu ally a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O p e ra te s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e rv is e the o p era tio n of s ta tio n a ry en gin es and
eq u ip m en t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to su pply the e sta b lish m en t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , h eat,
r e f r ig e r a t io n , o r a ir - c o n d itio n in g .
W o r k in v o lv e s :
O p era tin g and m a in tain in g equ ipm en t such as
s te a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o to r s , tu rb in e s , ve n tila tin g and r e fr ig e r a t in g equ ip m en t,
s te a m b o ile r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m ps; m a k in g equ ipm ent r e p a ir s ; and k eep in g a r e c o r d o f o p e ra tio n
o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , and fu e l c on su m p tion .
M a y a ls o s u p e rv is e th ese o p e ra tio n s .
H ead o r
c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one e n g in e e r a re ex clu d ed .




M A C H IN E - T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O L R O O M
S p e c ia liz e s in o p e ra tin g one o r m o r e than one ty p e of m a ch in e to o l (e .g ., j i g b o r e r , grin d in g
m a c h in e , en gin e la th e, m illin g m a c h in e ) to m a ch in e m e ta l fo r use in m akin g o r m ain tain in g jig s ,
fix tu r e s , cu ttin g t o o ls , g a u g e s , o r m e ta l d ies o r m o ld s u sed in shaping o r fo rm in g m e ta l o r n o n m eta llic
m a t e r ia l (e .g ., p la s tic , p la s t e r , ru b b e r, g la s s ). W o rk ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s : Plan n in g and p e r fo r m in g
d iffic u lt m a ch in in g o p e ra tio n s w h ich re q u ir e c o m p lic a te d setups o r a high d e g re e o f a c c u ra c y ; setting
up m ach in e t o o l o r to o ls (e .g ., in s ta ll cutting t o o ls and adjust gu id e s , s to p s, w o rk in g ta b le s , and oth er
c o n tro ls to handle the s iz e of stock to be m a ch in ed ; d e te rm in e p r o p e r fe e d s , s p eed s, to o lin g , and
o p e ra tio n sequ en ce o r s e le c t th o s e p r e s c r ib e d in d ra w in g s , b lu e p rin ts , o r la y o u ts ); using a v a r ie t y of
p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; m akin g n e c e s s a r y adju stm en ts du ring m a ch in in g o p era tio n to a ch ieve
r e q u is ite d im e n s io n s to v e r y c lo s e t o le r a n c e s . M a y be r e q u ir e d to s e le c t p r o p e r co o la n ts and cutting
and lu b ric a tin g o ils , to r e c o g n iz e when to o ls n eed d r e s s in g , and to d r e s s to o ls . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk
o f a m a c h in e -to o l o p e r a to r , t o o lr o o m , at the s k ill l e v e l c a lle d fo r in th is c la s s ific a tio n re q u ir e s
e x te n s iv e k n o w le d g e o f m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ire d through c o n s id e ra b le
o n -th e -jo b tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a g e study p u rp o s e s , th is c la s s ific a tio n
o p e r a to r s , to o lr o o m , e m p lo y e d in t o o l- a n d - d ie jo b b in g shops.

d oes not

in clu d e m a c h in e -to o l

M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r ts and new p a rts in m akin g r e p a ir s o f m e ta l p arts o f m e c h a n ic a l
equ ipm en t o p e ra te d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : in te r p r e tin g w ritte n
in s tru c tio n s and s p e c ific a tio n s ; planning and la y in g out o f w o r k ; using a v a r ie t y of m a c h in is t's handtools
and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; settin g up and o p e ra tin g stan d ard m a ch in e to o ls ; shaping of m e ta l

p a rts to c lo s e to le r a n c e s ; m a k in g sta n d a rd shop com p u tation s r e la tin g to d im en sio n s o f w o r k , to o lin g ,
fe e d s , and sp eed s o f m a ch in in g; k n o w led g e o f th e w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s o f the com m on m e ta ls ; s e le c tin g
standard m a te r ia ls , p a r ts , and equ ip m en t r e q u ir e d fo r th is w o r k ; and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a rts into
m e c h a n ic a l equ ip m en t.
In g e n e r a l, the m a c h in is t's w o r k n o r m a lly re q u ir e s a rounded tr a in in g in
m a c h in e -s h o p p r a c t ic e u su ally a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r eq u iv a le n t tra in in g
and e x p e rie n c e .

P a in ts and r e d e c o r a te s w a lls , w o o d w o rk , and fix t u r e s o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s the
fo llo w in g : K n ow led ge o f su rfa c e p e c u lia r it ie s and ty p e s o f p ain t r e q u ir e d fo r d iffe r e n t a p p lic a tio n s ;
p re p a r in g s u rfa ce fo r painting by r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p la c in g putty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o le s and
in t e r s t ic e s ; and applying paint w ith s p ra y gun o r b ru sh . M a y m ix c o lo r s , o ils , w h ite le a d , and o th e r
pain t in g re d ie n ts to obtain p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is te n c y .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m ain ten a n ce
p a in te r r e q u ire s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M a in te n a n c e )
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a irs a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o to r tr u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s
m o st o f the fo llo w in g : E xa m in in g a u to m o tive equ ip m en t to d ia g n o se s o u rc e o f tro u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g
equipm ent and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that in v o lv e the use o f such h an d tools as w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r ills ,
o r s p e c ia liz e d equ ip m en t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a rts ; r e p la c in g b rok en ojr d e fe c tiv e p a rts fr o m
stock ; grin d in g and ad ju stin g v a lv e s ; re a s s e m b lin g and in s ta llin g the v a r io u s a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le
and m aking n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm en ts; and alig n in g w h e e ls , a d ju stin g b ra k e s and lig h ts , o r tig h te n in g body
b olts. In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the a u to m o tiv e m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s rou nded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally
acq u ired throu gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

T h is c la s s ific a tio n
r e p a ir shops.

d oes not in clu d e m e c h a n ic s who r e p a ir c u s to m e r s ' v e h ic le s in a u tom ob ile

In s ta lls o r r e p a ir s w a te r , s tea m , g a s , o r o th e r ty p e s o f p ip e and p ip e fittin g s in an e s t a b lis h ­
m en t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : L a y in g out o f w o rk and m e a s u rin g to lo c a te p o s itio n o f
pip e fr o m draw in gs o r o th e r w ritte n s p e c ific a tio n s ; cu ttin g v a r io u s s iz e s o f p ip e to c o r r e c t len gth s
w ith c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e t o r c h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a c h in e s ; th re a d in g pip e w ith sto ck s and
d ie s ; bending pipe b y h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g p ip e w ith co u p lin gs and
fa s te n in g pipe to h a n g e rs ; m aking stan dard shop co m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f
p ip e r e q u ire d ; and m ak in g stan dard te s ts to d e te r m in e w h e th e r fin is h e d p ip es m e e t s p e c ific a tio n s . In
g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce p ip e fit t e r r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly
a c q u ire d through a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
W o r k e r s p r im a r ily
en g a g e d in in sta llin g and re p a ir in g b u ild in g sa n ita tio n o r h ea tin g s y s te m s a r e e x c lu d e d .
S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a irs m a c h in e ry o r m e c h a n ic a l equ ip m en t o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the
fo llo w in g : E xa m in in g % a ch in es and m e c h a n ic a l equ ip m en t to d ia gn o se s o u rc e o f tro u b le ; d ism a n tlin g
m
o r p a rtly d ism a n tlin g m a ch in es and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly in v o lv e the use o f h a n d tools in
scra p in g and fittin g p a rts ; r e p la c in g b ro k en o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts w ith ite m s ob tain ed fr o m stock ; o r d e r in g
the produ ction o f a re p la c e m e n t p a rt by a m ach in e shop o r sending o f the m ach in e to a m a ch in e shop
fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s ; p re p a rin g w ritte n s p e c ific a tio n s f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r fo r the p rod u ction o f p a rts
o r d e r e d fr o m m ach in e shops; re a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m ak in g a ll n e c e s s a r y a dju stm en ts fo r
o p eration . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk of a m ain ten an ce m e c h a n ic re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e
usually a c q u ired th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r eq u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . E x clu d ed fr o m
th is c la s s ific a tio n a re w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y du ties in v o lv e settin g up o r ad ju stin g m a ch in es.

M IL L W R IG H T
In s ta lls new m a ch in es o r h ea vy eq u ip m en t, and d is m a n tle s and in s ta lls m a ch in es o r h eavy
equipm ent when ch an ges in the plant layou t a re re q u ir e d .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
Planning and la y in g out o f the w o rk ; in te r p r e tin g b lu e p rin ts o r o th e r s p e c ific a tio n s ; using a v a r ie t y of
handtools and r ig g in g ; m aking stan d ard shop com pu tation s re la tin g to s tr e s s e s , stren g th o f m a t e r ia ls ,
and c e n te rs o f g r a v it y ; a lign in g and b a la n cin g o f equ ip m en t; s e le c tin g stan d ard to o ls , equ ip m en t, and
parts to be used; and in s ta llin g and m ain ta in in g in g ood o r d e r p o w e r tr a n s m is s io n equ ipm en t such as
d r iv e s and sp eed re d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t 's w o rk n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rounded tra in in g and
e x p e rie n c e in the tr a d e a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r eq u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

F a b r ic a te s , in s ta lls , and m a in ta in s in g o o d r e p a ir the s h e e t - m e t a l eq u ip m en t and fix tu r e s (su ch
as m a ch in e gu ard s, g r e a s e pans, s h e lv e s , lo c k e r s , tan k s, v e n t ila t o r s , ch u tes, du cts, m e ta l r o o fin g )
o f an e s ta b lish m en t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o st o f th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g and la y in g out a ll ty p e s o f s h e e tm e ta l m ain ten an ce w o rk fr o m b lu e p rin ts , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c ific a t io n s ; settin g up and o p e ra tin g a ll
a v a ila b le typ es o f s h e e t-m e ta l w o rk in g m a c h in e s ; using a v a r i e t y o f h an d tools in cu ttin g, b en d in g,
fo r m in g , shaping, fittin g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s ta llin g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t ic le s as r e q u ir e d . In g e n e r a l,
the w o r k o f the m a in ten an ce s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s rou n ded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally
a c q u ire d through a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
T O O L A N D DIE M A K E R
C on stru cts and r e p a ir s j ig s , fix t u r e s , cu ttin g to o ls , g a u g e s , o r m e ta l d ie s o r m o ld s used in
shaping o r fo rm in g m e ta l o r
n o n - m e ta llic m a t e r ia l (e .g ., p la s t ic , p la s t e r ,
ru b b e r, g la s s ).
W o rk
t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s : P la n n in g and la y in g out w o r k a c c o rd in g to m o d e ls , b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , o r o th e r
w r itte n o r o ra l s p e c ific a tio n s ; u n derstan din g the w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s o f c o m m o n m e ta ls and a llo y s ;
s e le c tin g a p p ro p ria te m a t e r ia ls , to o ls , and p r o c e s s e s r e q u ir e d to c o m p le te ta s k ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
shop com pu tation; settin g up and o p e ra tin g v a r io u s m a ch in e t o o ls and r e la te d eq u ip m en t; usin g v a r io u s
to o l and d ie m a k e r 's handtools and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; w o rk in g to v e r y c lo s e to le r a n c e s ;
h e a t-tr e a tin g m e ta l p a rts and fin is h e d t o o ls and d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a litie s ; fittin g and
a s s e m b lin g p arts to p r e s c r ib e d to le r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s . In g e n e r a l, to o l
and d ie m a k e r 's w o rk
r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ire d th rou gh fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r eq u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s -in d u s tr y w a ge study p u r p o s e s , th is c la s s ific a t io n d oes not in clu d e t o o l and d ie
m a k e r s who (1 ) a re e m p lo y e d in to o l and d ie jo b b in g shops o r (2 ) p ro d u ce fo r g in g d ie s (d ie s in k e r s ).

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL M OVEM ENT
G UARD AND W A T C H M E N

L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L H A N D L IN G

G uard.
P e r f o r m s rou tin e p o lic e d u ties, e it h e r at fix e d p o st o r on to u r, m a in ta in in g o r d e r ,
using, a rm s o r fo r c e w h e re n e c e s s a r y .
In clu d es g u a rd s who a r e station ed at gate and ch eck on
id en tity o f e m p lo y e e s and o th e r p e rs o n s e n te r in g .

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a re h o u s e , m a n u fa ctu rin g p la n t, s t o r e , o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t w h ose
d u ties in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : L o a d in g and un loadin g v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and m e rc h a n d is e
on o r f r o m fr e ig h t c a r s , tru c k s , o r o th e r tr a n s p o r tin g d e v ic e s ; unpacking, s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e rc h a n d is e in p r o p e r s to r a g e lo c a tio n ; and tr a n s p o r tin g m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e by
h an dtru ck, c a r , o r w h e e lb a rro w . L o n g s h o re w o r k e r s , who lo a d and unload ships a r e e x c lu d e d .

W atch m an .
and ille g a l en try .

M a k es

rounds o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p ro te c tin g p r o p e r ty again st f i r e , th eft*

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R

C lean s and k eep s in an o r d e r ly con d ition fa c t o r y w o rk in g a re a s and w a s h ro o m s , o r p r e m is e s
o f an o ffic e , ap artm en t house, o r c o m m e r c ia l o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t. D u ties in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n of
the fo llo w in g : S w eep in g, m opping o r s cru b b in g , and p o lis h in g f lo o r s ; r e m o v in g ch ip s, tr a s h , and o th er
re fu s e ; dusting eq u ip m en t, fu rn itu re , o r fix tu r e s ; p o lis h in g m e ta l fix tu r e s o r tr im m in g s ; p ro v id in g
su p p lies and m in o r m a in ten an ce s e r v ic e s ; and c lea n in g la v a t o r ie s , s h o w e r s , and r e s tr o o m s . W o r k e r s
who s p e c ia liz e in w indow w ash in g a r e e x c lu d e d .




O R D E R F IL L E R
F ills shipping o r tr a n s fe r o r d e r s fo r fin is h e d go o d s fr o m s to r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o rd a n c e
w ith s p e c ific a tio n s on s a le s s lip s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s tru c tio n s .
M a y , in ad d ition to
f illin g o rd e r s and in d ica tin g ite m s f ille d o r o m itte d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f ou tgoin g o r d e r s , r e q u is itio n
a d d itio n a l stock o r r e p o r t sh ort su pplies to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r f o r m o th e r r e la te d d u ties.
P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p rod u cts f o r sh ip m en t o r s to r a g e by p la c in g th em in sh ippin g c o n ta in e rs ,
the s p e c ific o p era tio n s p e r fo r m e d b ein g depen den t upon the ty p e , s iz e , and n u m b e r o f units to be
p a ck ed , the typ e o f co n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , and m e th o d o f sh ip m en t. W o rk r e q u ir e s the p la c in g o f ite m s
in shipping co n ta in ers and m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f v a r io u s ite m s o f

sto ck in o r d e r to v e r i f y con ten t; s e le c tio n o f a p p ro p ria te ty p e and s iz e o f c o n ta in e r; in s e r tin g
e n c lo s u r e s in c o n ta in e r ; usin g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a te r ia l to p re v e n t b rea k a ge o r d a m a g e ; c lo s in g and
s e a lin g c o n ta in e r; and a p p lyin g la b e ls o r e n te r in g id e n tify in g data on c o n ta in er. P a c k e r s w ho a ls o m ake
w ood en b o x e s o r c r a t e s a re ex c lu d e d .

fo llo w s :

F o r w age

study p u r p o s e s ,

w ork ers

a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

R e c e iv in g c le r k
Shipping c le r k
Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k

T R U C K D R IV E R
D r iv e s a tru c k w ith in a c ity o r in d u s tr ia l a r e a to tr a n s p o r t m a t e r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e , equ ip m en t,
o r w o r k e r s b etw een v a r io u s ty p e s o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts such as: M an u factu rin g p la n ts , fr e ig h t d ep o ts,
w a r e h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r b etw een r e t a il esta b lis h m e n ts and c u s t o m e r s ’
h ou ses o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M a y a ls o lo a d o r unload tru ck w ith or without h e lp e r s , m ake m in o r
m e c h a n ic a l r e p a ir s , and k eep tru c k in good w o rk in g o r d e r .
S a le s -r o u te and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s
a r e e x c lu d e d .




as

T r u c k d r iv e r (c o m b in a tio n o f s iz e s lis t e d s e p a r a t e ly )
T r u c k d r iv e r , lig h t (u n d er l l/2 to n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , m ed iu m (I V 2 to and in clu d in g 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s , t r a i l e r ty p e )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h ea vy (o v e r 4 to n s , o th e r than t r a i l e r ty p e )

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e rc h a n d is e fo r sh ip m en t, o r r e c e iv e s and is res p o n s ib le fo r in c o m in g shipm ents
o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r ia ls .
S h ippin g w o rk in v o lv e s : A kn ow ledge o f sh ip p in g p r o c e d u r e s ,
p r a c t ic e s , ro u te s , a v a ila b le m ea n s o f tr a n s p o r ta tio n , and ra te s ; and p re p a rin g r e c o r d s o f the goods
sh ip p ed , m ak in g up b ills of la d in g , p o s tin g w e ig h t and shipping c h a r g e s , and k eep in g a f i l e o f shipping
r e c o r d s . M a y d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p r e p a r in g the m e rc h a n d is e fo r shipm ent. R e c e iv in g w o rk in v o lv e s :
V e r ify in g o r d ir e c tin g o th e r s in v e r if y in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s of sh ipm en ts against b ills o f la d in g , in v o ic e s ,
o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; ch e c k in g fo r s h o rta g e s and r e je c tin g dam aged good s; rou tin g m e rc h a n d is e o r
m a t e r ia ls to p r o p e r d e p a rtm e n ts ; and m a in ta in in g n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and file s .

F o r w a g e study p u rp o s e s , tr u c k d r iv e r s a r e c la s s ifie d by s iz e and typ e o f equ ip m en t,
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r should be r a te d on the b a s is o f t r a i l e r c a p a c ity .)

TR U C K E R , POW ER

g ood s

O p e ra te s a m a n u a lly c o n tr o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic - p o w e r e d tru c k o r t r a c t o r to tra n s p o rt
and m a t e r ia ls o f a ll kinds about a w a re h o u s e , m a n u fa ctu rin g p la n t, o r o th er e s ta b lish m en t.
F o r w age

study p u rp o s e s ,

w ork ers

a re c la s s ifie d b y ty p e o f tr u c k ,

as fo llo w s :

T r u c k e r , p o w e r (fo r k lif t )
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (o th e r than fo r k l i f t )
W AREHOUSEM AN
A s d ir e c te d , p e r fo r m s a v a r ie t y o f w a re h o u s in g du ties w h ich re q u ir e an understanding of
the e s ta b lis h m e n t’ s s to r a g e p la n . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : V e r ify in g m a te r ia ls (o r
m e r c h a n d is e ) a ga in st r e c e iv in g d ocu m en ts, notin g and re p o r tin g d is c r e p a n c ie s and obviou s d am ages;
rou tin g m a te r ia ls to p r e s c r ib e d s to r a g e lo c a tio n s ; s to r in g , s ta ck in g , o r p a lle tiz in g m a te r ia ls in
a c c o rd a n c e w ith p r e s c r ib e d s to r a g e m eth o d s; r e a r r a n g in g and tak in g in v e n to ry o f s to r e d m a te r ia ls ;
e x a m in in g s to r e d m a t e r ia ls and r e p o r tin g d e te r io r a tio n and d a m a ge; r e m o v in g m a t e r ia l fr o m s to ra g e
and p r e p a r in g it f o r sh ip m en t. M a y o p e ra te hand o r p o w e r tru ck s in p e r fo r m in g w a reh o u sin g duties.
E x clu d e w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y du ties in v o lv e shipping and r e c e iv in g w o rk (s e e shipping and
r e c e iv in g c le r k and p a c k e r , sh ip p in g ), o r d e r fillin g (s e e o r d e r f i l l e r ) , o r o p e ra tin g p o w e r tru ck s (s e e
tr u c k e r , p o w e r ).

Available On Request—
Th e fo llo w in g a r e a s a r e s u rv e y e d p e r io d ic a lly fo r use in a d m in is te r in g the S e r v ic e C o n tra c t A c t o f 1965.
any o f the B L S r e g io n a l o ffic e s shown on the back c o v e r .

A la s k a
A lb a n y , Ga.
A lb u q u e rq u e , N. M ex.
A le x a n d r ia , La.
A lp e n a , S tan d ish , and T a w a s C ity , M ic h .
Ann A r b o r , M ich .
A s h e v ille , N .C .
A tla n tic C ity , N.J.
A u gu sta , Ga.—S.C .
B a k e r s fie ld , C a lif.
Baton R o u g e, La.
B a ttle C r e e k , M ic h .
B eau m on t—P o r t A rth u i^ -O ra n g e , T e x .
B ilo x i—G u lfp o rt and P a s c a g o u la , M is s .
B o is e C ity , Idaho
B r e m e r to n , W ash.
B r id g e p o r t , N o r w a lk , and S ta m fo r d , Conn.
B ru n s w ic k , Ga.
B u rlin g to n , V t.—N .Y .
C ape C o d , M a ss.
C e d a r R a p id s , Iow a
C h am paign —U rbana— an tou l, 111.
R
C h a r le s to n , S.C .
C h a r lo tte — a ston ia , N .C .
G
C h eyen n e, W yo.
C la r k s v ille —H o p k in s v ille , T en n .— y .
K
C o lo r a d o S p rin g s , C o lo .
C o lu m b ia , S.C.
C olu m b u s, Ga.— la .
A
C olu m b u s, M is s .
C ra n e , Ind.
D e c a tu r, 111.
D es M o in e s , Iow a
Dothan, A la .
Duluth—S u p e r io r , M inn.—W is.
E l P a s o , T e x ., and A la m o g o r d o —L a s C r u c e s , N. M ex.
Eugene—S p r in g fie ld , O r e g .
F a y e t t e v ille , N .C .
F itc h b u rg —L e o m in s t e r , M a s s .
F o r t Sm ith, A r k .—O kla.
F o r t W ayn e, Ind.
F r e d e r ic k — a g e r stown , M d .~ C h a m b e rs b u rg , P a .—
H
M a r tin s b u r g , W. V a .
G adsden and A n n is to n , A la .
G o ld s b o r o , N .C .
G ran d Isla n d —H a stin g s, N e b r .
G r e a t F a lls , M ont.
G uam , T e r r i t o r y o f
H a r r is b u r g —Leban on , P a .
Huntington— s h la n d , W. V a.—K y .—O hio
A
K n o x v ille , Ten n .
L a C r o s s e , W is.
La red o, Tex.
L a s V e g a s , N ev.
L a w to n , O kla.
L im a , O hio
L it t le R o ck —N o rth L it t le R o c k , A r k .

C o p ies o f public r e le a s e s a r e o r w i l l be a v a ila b le at no co s t

w h ile

su p p lies la s t

fr o m

Logan sp ort—P e r u , Ind.
L ora in —E ly r ia , Ohio
L o w e r E a s te r n S h ore, M d.—V a.—D e i.
L yn ch bu rg, Va.
M acon, Ga.
M adison, W is.
M a n s fie ld , O hio
M a rq u ette, E scan ab a, Sault Ste. M a r ie , M ic h .
M c A lle n —P h a r r -E d in b u r g and B r o w n s v ille —
H a rlin gen —San B en ito , T e x .
M ed fo rd — la m a th F a lls —G ran ts P a s s , O r e g .
K
M e rid ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , M onm outh, and O cean C o s ., N .J.
M ob ile and P e n s a c o la , A la .—F la .
M o n tg o m e ry , A la .
N a s h v ille —D a vid son , Tenn.
N ew B ern —J a c k s o n v ille , N .C .
N ew London—N o rw ic h , Conn.—R .I.
N orth D akota, State o f
O rlan d o, F la .
Oxnard—S im i V a lle y —V en tu ra, C a lif.
Panam a C ity , F la .
P a r k e r sburg—M a rie tta , W. V a.—O hio
P e o r ia , 111.
P h oen ix, A r i z .
P in e B lu ff, A r k .
P o c a te llo —
Idaho F a lls , Idaho
P o rtsm o u th , N .H .—M ain e—M a ss.
Pu eb lo, C o lo .
P u erto R ico
R eno, N e v .
R ichland— en n ew ick —W a lla W a lla —
K
P en d leton , W ash.— re g .
O
R iv e r s id e —San B e rn a rd in o — n ta r io , C a lif.
O
Salina, K an s.
Salinas—S ea sid e—M o n te re y , C a lif.
Sandusky, Ohio
Santa B a rb a ra —Santa M a ria —L o m p o c , C a lif.
Savannah, Ga.
S elm a, A la .
Sherm an—D en ison , T e x .
S h re v e p o rt, La.
Sioux F a lls , S. Dak.
Spokane, W ash.
S p rin g fie ld , 111.
S p rin g fie ld -C h ic o p e e —H o ly o k e , M a s s .—
Conn.
Stockton, C a lif.
T a c o m a , W ash.
Tam pa—St. P e te r s b u r g , F la .
T op ek a , Kans.
Tu cson , A r i z .
T u ls a , O kla.
V a lle jo — a ir fie ld —Napa, C a lif.
F
W aco and K ille e n —T e m p le , T e x .
W a te rlo o — e d a r F a lls , Iow a
C
W est T e x a s P la in s
W ilm in gton , D e l.—N .J.—Md.

An annual r e p o r t on s a la r ie s fo r a c co u n ta n ts, a u d ito r s , c h ie f a cco u n ta n ts, a tto r n e y s , jo b a n a ly s ts , d ir e c to r s o f p e rs o n n e l, b u y e rs , c h e m is ts , e n g in e e r s , e n g in e e r in g te c h n ic ia n s , d r a ft e r s , and
c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s is a v a ila b le .
O r d e r as B L S B u lle tin 1837, N a tio n a l S u rv e y o f P r o fe s s io n a l, A d m in is t r a t iv e , T e c h n ic a l, and C le r ic a l P a y , M a rc h 1974, $1.40 a c o p y , fr o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l s a le s
o ffic e s shown on the back c o v e r , o r fr o m the Su p erin ten d en t o f D ocu m en ts, U.S. G o v e rn m e n t P r in tin g O ffic e , W ashington, D .C . 20402.




Area Wage Surveys
A l is t o f the la te s t a v a ila b le b u lletin s o r b u lletin supplem ents is p resen ted b elo w .
A d ir e c t o r y o f a r e a w age studies including m o r e lim ite d studies conducted at the re q u e s t o f the E m ploym en t
Standards A d m in is tr a tio n o f the D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on requ est.
B u lletin s m ay be pu rch ased fr o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l o ffic e s shown on the back c o v e r .
B u lle tin supplem ents m a y be
ob tain ed w ithou t co st, w h e r e in d ica ted , fr o m B L S re g io n a l o ffic e s .

A rea

B u lletin num ber
and p r ic e *

A k ro n , O h io , D e c . 1974 ____________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
Albany—S ch en ectady—T r o y , N .Y ., Sept. 1974 ______________________________ ________ ____ Suppl.
F ree
F ree
A lb u q u erq u e, N . M e x ., M a r . 1974 2 ______________________________________________________ Suppl.
A llen to w n —B eth leh em —E a ston , P a .—N .J ., M a y 1974 2 _________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
A n a h eim —
Santa Ana— a rd en G r o v e , C a lif., O c t. 1974 1 ___________________________ ___ 1850-9, 85 cents
G
A tla n ta , G a., M a y 19751 ___________________________________________________________________ 1850-25, $1.00
A u stin , T e x ., D ec. 1974 __________________________________ ______________ ________________— Suppl.
F ree
B a ltim o r e , M d ., A ug. 1974____________ ___________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
B e a u m o n t-P o r t A rth u r—O ra n g e , T e x ., M a y 1974 2 ______________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
B illin g s , M on t., Ju ly 1974 1 _________________ ______________________________________ ________ 1850-6,
75 cents
B ingham ton, N . Y . - P a . , Ju ly 1974 ________________________ _______________________________ Suppl.
F ree
B irm in g h a m , A la ., M a r . 1975_____________________________________________________________Suppl.
F ree
B oston , M a s s ., A u g. 1974 _______ ________________ __________________________________________Suppl.
F ree
B u ffa lo , N .Y ., O ct. 1974 ___________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
Canton, O h io, M ay 197 5 ___________________________________ ____________________ ___________ Suppl.
F ree
F ree
C h a rle s to n , W . V a . , M a r . 1974 2 _________________________________________________________ Suppl.
C h a rlo tte , N .C ., Jan. 1974 2 _______________ _____________________________ ______________ __ Suppl.
F ree
F ree
C h attan ooga, T e n n .-G a ., Sept. 1974 _____________________________________________________ Suppl.
C h ic a g o , 111., M a y 1975_____________________________________________________________________ 1850-33, 85 cents
C in cin n a ti, O hio— y.—Ind., F e b . 1975 ___________________________________________________ Suppl.
K
F ree
C le v e la n d , O h io, Sept. 1974 1 _______________________ _ __________ __________________ __ ____ 1850- 17, $1.00
Colu m bu s, O h io, O ct. 1974 _______________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
C orp u s C h r is t i, T e x ., July 1975______________ . ____ —_____ —_____________________________ 1850-37, 65 cents
D a lla s —F o r t W orth , T e x ., O c t. 1974 ______________ _____________________________________ _ Suppl.
F ree
F ree
D aven p ort—R o c k Island—M o lin e , I o w a - I ll., F e b . 1975 ________________________________ Suppl.
D ayton , O h io, D ec. 1974 1____________________ ________ ___ _____ _ __________________ _______ 1850-14, 80 cents
D aytona B ea ch , F la ., A u g. 1974 1_________________________________________________________ 1850- 1,
75 cents
D en ver—B o u ld e r, C o lo ., D e c . 1974 1 ______________________ _______________________________ 1850- 15, 85 cents
D es M o in e s , Iow a, M a y 19TA 2 _____ ______________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
D e tr o it, M ic h ., M a r . 1975______________________________________ ___________________________ 1850-22, 85 cents
F o r t L a u d e rd a le —H o lly w o o d "and W e s t P a lm B each —
B o c a R a to n , F la . , A p r . 1975 1________________________ _________________ ____________ ____ 1850-26, 80 cents
F r e s n o , C a l i f . 1 3 __________________________________ ____________ ___________ ________________
G a in e s v ille , F la ., Sept. 19741
________ —________ —_____________________________ 1850- 11, 75 cents
G re e n B ay, W is ., July 1975 1 ________________________________________________ _______ _
1850-44, 80 cents
G r e e n s b o r o — ins ton- S alem —H igh P o in t, N .C ., A u g. 19741 ______________________ ___ 1850-2, 80 cents
W
G r e e n v ille , S .C ., June 1975______________________ _______________________ _______________ 1850-42, 65 cents
H a r tfo r d , Conn., M a r . 1975 1 _____________________________________ ______________ __________ 1850-28, 80 cents
H ouston, T e x ., A p r . 1975________________________ __________________________________________Suppl.
F ree
H u n ts v ille , A la ., F e b . 1975 ______________ ________________ _ __ ________________________ __ Suppl.
_
F ree
In d ia n a p o lis, Ind., O c t. 1974 ______________________________ _____ ________ ___________ ___ Suppl.
F ree
Jack son , M is s ., F eb . 1975_____________________________________________________ ___________ Suppl.
F ree
J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., D e c . 1974 _____________________________________ _______________________ Suppl.
F ree
K a n sa s C ity , M o .— a n s ., Sept. 1974 ____________________________________________________ Suppl.
K
F ree
L a w re n c e —H a v e r h ill, M a s s .—N .H ., June 1974 2 _____________________ ___________ _____ Suppl.
F ree
L e x in g to n - F a y e tte , K y ., N o v . 1974 __________________________ _________________________ Suppl.
F ree
L o s A n g e le s —L o n g B ea ch , C a lif., O c t. 1974 _______________________ __ ____ _____ _____ __ Suppl.
F ree
L o u is v ille , K y .—Ind., N o v . 1974 1 _________________________________________________________ 1850-12, 80 cents
L u bbock, T e x ., M a r . 1974 2 _________________________ ___ ___________________ ______________ Suppl.
F ree
M e lb o u rn e —T it u s v ille —C o c o a , F la ., A u g. 1974 1 ___________ __________ ________________ 1850-5, 75 cents
M e m p h is , Tenn.—A rk .—M is s ., N o v . 1974 ________________ ______________ _____ _
Suppl.
F ree
M ia m i, F la ., O c t. 1974 ______________________________________________________________ __ ___ Suppl.
F ree
*
1
2
3

Prices are determined by the Government Printing O ffice and are subject to change.
Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
No longer surveyed.
T o be surveyed.




A rea

B u lletin num ber
and p r ic e *

M idland and O d essa , T e x ., Jan. 1974 2 _____________ _______________________________ _— Suppl.
F ree
M ilw a u k ee, W is ., A p r . 19751________________________________________________________________ 1850-21,
85 cents
M in n ea p olis—St. P a u l, Minn.—W is ., Jan 1975 1 __ _________________________________________ 1850-20, $1.05
M uskegon— u skegon H eigh ts, M ic h ., June 1974 2 _______________________ ___________ _
M
Suppl.
F ree
N as sa u -S u ffo lk , N .Y ., June 1975 1___________________________________________________________ 1850-39,
$1.00
N ew a rk , N .J ., Jan. 19751----- --- ----------------------------------- ------------------------------------------ 1850-18, $1.00
N ew a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N .J ., Jan. 19742 _______________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
N ew H aven, C onn., Jan. 1974 2 __________________________________________ __________________Suppl.
F ree
N ew O rle a n s , L a ., Jan. 1975 _______________________________________________ ___________ _ Suppl.
F ree
N ew Y o r k , N . Y ^ N . J . 1 3______________________________________________________________________
N ew Y o r k and N assau—Suffolk, N .Y ., A p r . 1974 2 ________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B each—P o rts m o u th , V a ^ -N .C ., M a y 1975 _________ ___________________ 1850-29, 65 cents
N o rfo lk —V ir g in ia B each —P o rtsm o u th and N e w p o rt N ew s—
Ham pton, V a .- N .C ., M a y 1975______________________________________________________________ 1850-30,
65 cents
N o rth e a s t P en n s y lv a n ia , A u g. 1 974 1 _________________________________ _____________________ 1850-8, 80 cents
O klah om a C ity . O k la ., A u g. 19741 _________________________________________________________ 1850-7, 80 cents
Om aha, N e b r^ -Io w a , O ct. 19741 ____________________________________________________________ 1850-10, 80 cents
P a t e r s o n - C lift o n - P a s s a ic , N .J ., June 1975 1______________________________________________ 1850-38,
80 cents
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a ^ N . J . , N o v . 1974 _________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
P h o en ix , A r iz . , June 1974 2 _________________________________________________________ ____ ___ Suppl.
F ree
_
F ree
P itts b u rg h , P a ., Jan. 1975 ______ _ ___________ ____________________ _______ ________________ Suppl.
P o rtla n d , M a in e, N o v . 1974______________________________ __________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
P o rtla n d , O re g .—W ash ., M a y 1975___ _______ _______________________________________________ 1850-40, 75 cents
P ou g h k e e p s ie , N . Y . 1 3___________________________________ ___ ________________________________
P o u g h k eep sie— in g s to n — ew bu rgh , N .Y ., June 1974 _________________ __________________Suppl.
K
N
F ree
P r o v id e n c e —W a rw ick —P aw tu ck et, R .I*—M a s s ., June 1975 ______ __________ ___ _________ 1850-27, 75 cents
R a le ig h — urham , N .C ., F e b . 1975 _________________________________________________________ Suppl.
D
F ree
R ich m on d, V a ., June 1975_____________________________________________-_____________________ 1850-41, 65 cents
R o c k fo rd , 111., June 19742 __________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
St. L o u is , M o ^ -Ill., M a r . 1975 ______________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
S acram en to, C a lif., D e c . 19741 __ _________________________________________________________ 1850-19, 80 cents
Saginaw, M ic h ., N o v . 1974 1________________________ _____________ ___________________________ 1850-16, 75 cents
F ree
S a lt L a k e C ity -O g d e n , U tah, N o v . 1974 _________ _________________________ ______________ _ Suppl.
San A n ton io, T e x ., M a y 1975 ________ ________________________________________ ____________ 1850-23, 65 cents
San D ie g o , C a lif., N o v . 1974 1 --------------------------------------------- ------------------ 1850-13, 80 cents
San F r a n c is c o — akland, C a lif., M a r. 1975 1______________________ _____ _____ ____ _______ 1850-35, $ 1 .00
O
San J o s e , C a lif., M a r . 1975 1 _________________ ----------------- ----------------- --------------------- 1850-36, 85 cents
Savannah, G a., M a y 1974 2 __ ___________________ ______________________ _________________ __ Suppl.
F ree
S e a ttle - E v e r e tt, W ash ., Jan. 1975 __________ ..
___________ _____________________________ Suppl.
F ree
South Bend, Ind., M a r . 1975 ______________ _______ ___________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
Spokane, W ash ., June 1974 2 ____________ _ _ » __________ ____ ___________________ __________Suppl.
F ree
S y ra cu se, N .Y ., July 1975___________________________________________________________________ 1850-43, 65 cents
T o le d o , O hio— ic h ., M ay 1975 1 _______________________ ____________ ________________________ 1850-34, 80 cents
M
T ren to n , N .J ., Sept. 1974 ______________ ___ _____________________ - .... - _______________ Suppl.
F ree
U tic a -R o m e , N . Y . 1 3 _____ _____________ ______________________________________________________
W ashington, D .C ^ M d ^ -V a ., M a r . 19751___________________________________________________ 1850-31, $1.00
W a te rb u ry , C onn., M a r . 1974 2 ________________________________________ - . - .
____________ Suppl.
F ree
W e s tc h e s te r C ounty, N . Y . 1 3 __________________________________ __________ ........- - - ________
W ic h ita , K a n s ., A p r . 1975__ _ _____________________ _______________________________________ Suppl.
_
F ree
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., M a y 19751 ____________________________ ________________________________ 1850-24, 80 cents
Y o r k , P a ., F e b . 19751 _______________________________________________________________________ 1850-32, 80 cents
Y o u n g s to w n -W a rre n , O hio, N o v . 1973 2 __ ___________ ______ ____________ ___ ______ __ ____ Suppl.
F ree

THIRD CLASS MAIL
U S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

POSTAGE A N D FEES PAID
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S
W A S H IN G T O N , D C . 2 0 2 1 2
O F F IC IA L B U S IN E S S
P E N A L T Y FO R P R IV A T E U S E $30 0

LAB •441

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T I S T I C S R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S
Region I

R e g io n II

1603 J F K F ed era l B u ild in g
G o v e rn m e n t C e n te r
B o sto n , Mass. 0 220 3
P h o n e :2 2 3 -6 76 1 (A re a C o de 6 1 7)

S u ite 3 40 0
I S I S B ro a d w a y
N e w Y o rk , N .Y . 1 00 36
P h o n e :9 7 1 - 5 4 0 5 (A re a C o de 21 2)

C o n n e c tic u t
M ain e
M assachusetts
N e w H a m p sh ire
R h o d e Island
V e rm o n t

N e w Jersey
N ew Y o rk
P u e rto R ic o
V ir g in Islands

R e gion V
9 th F lo o r, 2 30 S. D e a rb o rn St.
C hicago, III. 606 04
P h one: 353-1 8 8 0 (A re a C o de 3 1 2 )
I llin o is
In d ia n a
M ic h ig a n
M in n e s o ta
h io
DigitizedOfor FRASER
W iscon sin



R e gion V I

R e gion I II

R e g io n IV

P.O. B o x 1 33 09
P h ila d e lp h ia , Pa. 19101
P h o n e : 5 9 6 1 1 5 4 (A re a C o d e 2 1 5 )
D e la w a re
D is tr ic t o f C o lu m b ia
M a ry la n d
P e n n s y lv a n ia
V irg in ia
W est V irg in ia

R e gion s V I I a n o V I I I

S e cond F lo o r
5 5 5 G r i f f in S q uare B u ild in g
D allas, T e x . 7 5 2 0 2
P h o n e : 7 49-351 6 (A re a C o d e 2 1 4 )

F e d era l O ffic e B u ild in g
911 W a ln u t S t , 15 th F lo o r
Kansas C ity , M o . 6 4 1 0 6
P h o n e :3 7 4 -2 4 8 1 (A re a C o d e 8 1 6 )

L o u is ia n a
le w M e x ic o
O k la h o m a
Texas

V II
Io w a
Kansas
M is s o u ri
N e bra ska

V III
C o lo ra d o
M o n ta n a
N o rth D a k o ta
S o u th D a k o ta
U ta h
W y o m in g

S u ite 540
1371 Peachtree St. N .E.
A tla n ta , Ga. 30 309
P h o n e :5 2 6 -5 4 1 8 (A re a C ode 4 0 4 )
A la b a m a
F lo rid a
G eorgia
K e n tu c k y
M ississippi
N o rth C a rolina
S o u th C a ro lin a
T ennessee
R e gions IX a n d X
45 0 G o ld e n G ate Ave.
B o x 3601 7
San F rancisco, C a lif. 9 4 1 0 2
P h o n e :5 5 6 -4 6 7 8 (A re a C o de 41 5)
IX
A riz o n a
C a lifo rn ia
H a w a ii
Nevada

X
A laska
Id a h o
O reg on
W a s h in g to n


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102