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A p.z:
A R EA W AG E SURVEY
Greenville—Spartanburg, South Carolina, Metropolitan Area,
June 1975
Bulletin 1850-42




N.CAR.

D CUM
O ENT CMJLfflWN
DEC 4 13/5
O aytm & :..jiratg0 mery Cft,
Public Library,

U S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
_ _ Bureau of Labor Statistics




Preface
T h is b u lletin p ro v id e s re s u lts o f a July 1975 s u r v e y o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s in the
S y ra c u s e , N e w Y o r k , Standard M e tro p o lita n S t a tis tic a l A r e a (M a d is o n , O nondaga, and O s w e g o
C o u n tie s).
Th e s u r v e y w as m ade as p a rt o f the B u reau o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s ' annual a r e a
w age su rvey p ro gra m .
T h e p r o g r a m is d esig n ed to y ie ld data f o r in d iv id u a l m e tro p o lita n
a r e a s , as w e ll as n ation al and r e g io n a l e s tim a te s f o r a ll Stan d ard M e tr o p o lita n S ta tis tic a l
A r e a s in the U n ited S tates, exclu d in g A la s k a and H a w a ii.
A m a jo r c o n s id e ra tio n in the a r e a w age s u r v e y p r o g r a m is the n eed to d e s c r ib e the
l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g es in a v a r ie t y o f la b o r m a r k e ts , th rou gh the a n a ly s is o f (1 ) the
l e v e l and d is trib u tio n o f w ages by occupation, and (2 ) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s by oc c u p a tio n a l
c a te g o r y and s k ill l e v e l.
The p r o g r a m d e ve lo p s in fo r m a tio n th at m ay be u sed f o r m an y
p u rp o s es , in clu d in g w a g e and s a la r y a d m in is tra tio n , c o lle c t iv e b a rg a in in g , and a s s is ta n c e
in d e te rm in in g plant lo c a tio n . S u rv e y re s u lts a ls o a r e u sed b y the U .S . D e p a rtm e n t of
L a b o r to m ak e w a g e d e te rm in a tio n s under the S e r v ic e C o n tra c t A c t o f 1965.
C u rr e n tly , 83 a r e a s a r e included in the p r o g r a m . (S e e l i s t o f a r e a s on in s id e back
c o v e r . ) In each a r e a , occu p ation al e arn in gs data a r e c o lle c t e d an nu ally. In fo r m a tio n on
e s ta b lis h m en t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p lem en ta ry w a g e b e n e fits is ob tain ed e v e r y th ird y e a r .
E a c h y e a r a fte r a ll in d ivid u al a re a w age s u r v e y s h a ve b een c o m p le te d , tw o s u m m a ry
b u lletin s a r e is s u e d .
T h e f ir s t b rin g s to g e th e r data f o r each m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s u r v e y e d .
T h e second s u m m a ry b u lletin p re s e n ts nation al and r e g io n a l e s tim a te s , p r o je c t e d f r o m in d i­
v id u a l m e tro p o lita n a r e a data.
T h e S y ra c u s e s u r v e y w as conducted by the B u re a u 's r e g io n a l o f f ic e in N e w Y o r k ,
N .Y ., under the g e n e r a l d ire c tio n o f A lv in I. M a r g u lis , A s s o c ia t e A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l D ir e c t o r
f o r O p e ra tio n s . T h e s u r v e y could not have been a c c o m p lis h e d w ith ou t the c o o p e r a tio n o f the
m any f ir m s w h ose w a g e and s a la r y data p ro v id e d the b a s is f o r the s ta tis tic a l in fo rm a tio n in
th is b u lle tin . T h e B u reau w ish es to e x p re s s s in c e re a p p re c ia tio n f o r the c o o p e r a tio n r e c e iv e d .

Note:
A c u r re n t r e p o r t on occu p ation al e a rn in g s in the S y r a c u s e a r e a is a v a ila b le f o r the
m o v in g and s to r a g e in d u stry . A ls o a v a ila b le a r e lis tin g s o f union w a g e r a te s fo r build in g
tr a d e s , p rin tin g tr a d e s , lo c a l- t r a n s it op e ra tin g e m p lo y e e s , lo c a l tr u c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s ,
and g r o c e r y s to r e e m p lo y e e s . F r e e c o p ie s o f th es e a r e a v a ila b le f r o m the B u re a u 's r e g io n a l
o f fic e s .
(S ee back c o v e r fo r a d d r e s s e s .)

AREA WAGE SURVEY

Bulletin 1850-43
October 1975

U.S. D E P A R T M E N T OF LA B O R , John T. Dunlop, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS, Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

Syracuse, New York, Metropolitan Area, July 1975
CONTENTS

Page

In t r o d u c t io n _________________________________________________________________________

2

T a b le s :
A.

E a r n in g s :
A - l . W e e k ly ea rn in g s o f o ffic e w o r k e r s ______________________________________________________________________________________________
3
A - 2 . W e e k ly e arn in gs o f p ro fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l w o r k e r s _____________________________________________________________________
5
A - 3 , A v e r a g e w e e k ly earn in gs o f o ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l w o r k e r s , by s e x ______________________________________
6
A - 4 . H o u r ly e arn in gs o f m aintenance and p o w e rp la n t w o r k e r s ___________________________________________________________________
7
A - 5 , H o u r ly e arn in gs o f cu stod ial and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t w o r k e r s _____________________________________________________________
8
A - 6 . A v e r a g e h o u rly earn in gs o f m ainten ance, p ow erp la n t, c u s to d ia l, and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t w o r k e r s , by s e x ________
10
A - 7 . P e r c e n t in c r e a s e s in a v e ra g e h o u rly ea rn in g s fo r s e le c te d occu p a tio n a l grou p s, ad ju sted fo r e m p lo y m e n t s h ifts .. 11

A p p en d ix A .
A p p en d ix B .




Scope and m ethod o f s u rv e y ______________________________________________________________________________________________________
O ccu p ation al d e s c r ip tio n s _____________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. 20402, GPO Bookstores, or
BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover. Price 65 cents. Make checks payable to Superintendent of Documents.

12
14

Introduction
and m a te r ia l m o vem en t.
In the 31 la r g e s t s u r v e y a r e a s , ta b le s A - l a
through A -6 a p ro v id e s im ila r data f o r e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g 500
w ork ers or m ore.

T h is a r e a is 1 o f 83 in w h ich the U.S. D ep a rtm en t o f L a b o r 's
B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s conducts s u rv e y s o f occu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s and
r e la te d b e n e fits on an a re a w id e b a s is .
In th is a r e a , data w e r e ob ­
ta in e d by a com b in atio n o f p e rs o n a l v is it , m a il q u e s tio n n a ire , and
telep h on e in t e r v ie w .
R e p r e s e n ta tiv e e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b ro a d
in d u s try d iv is io n s w e r e con tacted : M an u fa ctu rin g; tr a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m ­
m u n icatio n , and o th e r o th e r pu b lic u tilit ie s ; w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il
tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r in d u stry
grou p s ex c lu d e d f r o m th es e studies a re g o v e rn m e n t o p e ra tio n s and
the co n stru c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s trie s . E s ta b lis h m en ts h avin g fe w e r
than a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a re o m itte d b eca u se o f in s u ffic ie n t
e m p lo y m e n t in the occu p ation s studied. S e p a ra te tab u lation s a re p ro v id e d
f o r each o f the b ro a d in d u stry d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u b lication c r it e r ia .

F o llo w in g the o ccu p atio n al w a g e ta b le s is ta b le A - 7 w h ich
p ro v id e s p ercen t changes in a v e ra g e e a rn in g s o f o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k ­
e r s , e le c tr o n ic data p ro c e s s in g w o r k e r s , in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s , s k ille d
m ainten ance w o r k e r s , and u n sk illed plant w o r k e r s .
T h is m e a s u re o f
w age tren d s e lim in a te s changes in a v e r a g e e a rn in g s c a u s e d by e m p lo y ­
m ent shifts among esta b lish m en ts as w e ll as tu r n o v e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts
in clu d ed in s u rve y sa m p le s . W h e re p o s s ib le , data a re p r e s e n te d f o r a ll
in d u s trie s , m an u factu rin g, and n on m an u fa ctu rin g. A p p e n d ix A d is c u s s e s
this w age tre n d m e a su re .

A - s e r i e s tables

A p pendixes

T a b le s A - 1 th rou gh A -6 p ro v id e e s tim a te s o f s tr a ig h t-tim e
h o u rly o r w e e k ly e a rn in g s fo r w o r k e r s in occu pations com m on to a
v a r ie t y o f m an u factu rin g and nonm anu facturin g in d u s trie s .
O ccupations
w e r e s e le c te d fr o m the fo llo w in g c a te g o r ie s : (a ) O ffic e c le r ic a l, (b ) p r o ­
fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l, (c ) m ain ten an ce and p o w e r p i ant, and (d ) cu stod ia l

T h is b u lletin has tw o a p p en d ixes.
A p p e n d ix A d e s c r ib e s the
m ethods and concepts used in the a r e a w age s u r v e y p r o g r a m and
p ro v id e s in fo rm a tio n on the scop e o f the s u r v e y .
A p p en d ix B p r o v id e s
jo b d e sc rip tio n s used by B u reau f ie ld e c o n o m is ts to c la s s ify w o r k e r s in
occupations fo r which s tr a ig h t-tim e e a rn in g s in fo rm a tio n is p re s e n te d .




A.

Earnings

See footn otes at end o f ta b le s .




W eekly earnings
(standard)

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

1

Numbe r o f w o rk e rs re c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—
$
75

weekly
(standard)

i

M eant

Median 2

Middle range 2

and
under

t
80

s

S
85

90

$
95

$
100

1
110

I

$
120

130

S

i
140

150

S

$
160

170

S
180

$

t
190

200

S

*
220

240

s

S
260

280

300
and

-

80

85

90

95

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

19
19

93
14
79

56
ao
36

67
53
14

67
42
25

62
30
32

100
97
3

9
9
-

11
5
6

50
8
42

24
24

12
12

6
**
6

-

-

-

4
4

-

-

1
1

3
3
-

4
4

3
3
”

23
14
*

20
17
8

*

5
5
*

10
8
6

2
2
“

-

_

_

-

-

.
-

-

-

13
13
13

-

-

*

-

-

6
6

13
11
2

34
18
16

74
33
41

45
31
14

38
33
5

195
153
42

41
19
22

27
13
14

8
8
-

73
4
69

1
1
-

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

5
5

10
8

4
3
1

7
4
1

6
1

6
3
2

2
2
2

1
-

16
15
15

6
6
6

_

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

-

-

-

-

-

300 o ve r

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
SECRETARIES - CONTINUED
SECRETARIES. CLASS D -----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

580
278
302

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

$
1 6 1.50
161 .5 0
1 6 1 .5 0

$
$
$
1 5 8 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 -1 7 8 .5 0
1 6 2 .0 0 1 4 6 .0 0 -1 7 8 .5 0
1 4 8 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 -2 0 2 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------------

84
70
27

3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5

1 4 4 .5 0
147 .5 0
177 .5 0

1 3 6 .0 0
1 3 8 .0 0
1 6 5 .5 0

1 2 3 .0 0 -1 6 5 .5 0
1 2 3 .5 0 -1 6 5 .5 0
1 3 8 .0 0 -2 0 7 .5 0

-

STENOGRAPHERS. SEN IO R ------------- ----MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

571
332
239

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

1 6 1 .0 0
157 .0 0
166 .0 0

1 6 4 .5 0
1 6 2 .0 0
1 6 8 .0 0

1 4 0 .5 0 -1 7 4 .5 0
1 4 5 .0 0 -1 6 6 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0 -2 1 1 .0 0

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS ----- ---- --------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------------

80
63
27

3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0

148 .0 0
1 4 5 .0 0
187 .5 0

1 4 5 .0 0
1 3 9 .0 0
1 9 2 .5 0

1 1 5 .0 0 -1 9 2 .5 0
1 0 9 .0 0 -1 9 2 .5 0
1 9 2 .5 0 -1 9 5 .0 0

•
-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---- ----------- ------

165
64
101

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

1 2 8 .5 0
1 3 5 .0 0
124 .5 0

1 2 2 .0 0
1 3 3 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0

1 1 0 .0 0 - 1 4 6 .0 0
1 2 2 .0 0 -1 4 6 .5 0
1 0 4 .0 0 -1 3 8 .0 0

-

TYPISTS. CLASS A --------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING---------- ---- ---- —

223
95
128

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

142 .0 0
142 .0 0
1 4 2 .0 0

140 .0 0
141 .0 0
1 3 1 .5 0

1 2 0 .0 0 -1 5 7 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0 - 1 5 3 .0 0
1 1 4 .5 0 -1 6 9 .0 0

.

TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

388
80
308

3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

119 .5 0
1 2 8 .0 0
1 1 7 .5 0

1 0 7 .0 0
1 2 7 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0 -1 3 5 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0 -1 4 3 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0 -1 2 5 .0 0

-

See footn otes at end o f ta b le s .




“

-

4
4

-

14
14

“

6
6

2
2
-

-

7
7

.

.

-

-

-

*

10

4
1
3

-

.
-

-

-

-

9
9

-

10

4
4

-

-

-

42
14
28

16
16
*

14
4
10

22
20
2

8
5
3

13
3
10

2
2

2
2
-

_
-

•
•

-

33
33

-

-

6
6

5
5

19
2
17

27
5
22

43
26
17

17
12
5

31
15
16

34
24
10

10
5
5

2
1
1

17
1
16

18
4
14

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

51
9
42

126
6
120

49
6
43

40
21
19

15
12
3

17
16
1

14
8
6

25

3

24

-

-

1
1

-

.

•

-

-

25

3

-

24

-

Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number
of
workers

N u m b ei of w o rk e rs r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly ea rn in gs of—

S

$

Average
weekly

S

S

s

S

S

S

S

S

$

$

$

(standard)

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

2A0

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

150

O ccupation and in d u s try d iv is io n

160

170

180

190

200

210

22o

230

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

A00

A20

440

-

-

A
A

2
2
-

3
3
-

7
A
3

12
2
10

12
6
6

18
15
3

•
_

1
1

11
1
10

1
1

2
2
-

-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

11
11

.
-

-

-

-

-

-

1A0
Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

Under

S
1AO

and
under

ALL WORKERS
85
42
A3

$
3 8 .5 2 1 9 .5 0
AO.O 22A .0 0
3 7 .0 2 1 5 .0 0

$
$
$
2 1 1 .5 0 1 9 3 .0 0 -2 3 3 .5 0
2 2 A .5 0 1 9 A .0 0 -2 3 3 .5 0
2 0 5 .0 0 1 8 0 .5 0 -2 3 9 .0 0

/n /
»
ft
J *0 1 0 t._«0

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A ------ —
MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

17t.->0

-

**

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

106
56

3 9 .0 2 6 A .00 2 6 2 .5 0
AO.O 2A 8.00 2 3 6 .5 0

2 3 6 .5 0 -2 8 2 .0 0
2 3 0 .5 0 -2 6 6 .5 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------ —

108
79

3 8 .0
3 7 .0

192 .0 0
192 .0 0

1 8 0 .0 0 -2 3 7 .0 0
1 6 0 .0 0 -2 1 5 .0 0

27

3 7 .5

2 1 6 .0 0

AO.O 3 3 9 .5 0

3A 0 .0 0

3 8 .0
AO.O
3 6 .5

2 9 0 .5 0
2 9 1 .5 0
2 9 0 .0 0

2 7 9 .5 0
3 0 0 .5 0
2 5 5 .0 0

2 4 6 .5 0 -3 3 6 .0 0
2 7 3 .5 0 -3 1 8 .5 0
2 3 9 .0 0 -3 6 0 .0 0

3 8 .0

21

3 1 5 .0 0 -3 6 3 .0 0

72
35
37

-

1 8 0 .5 0 -2 A 9 .3 0

29

-

2 0 5 .0 0
1 9 8.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
8

19
19

17
6

31
12

A
2

23
5

-

-

-

“

-

-

3
3

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

li
li

15
12

18
16

8
3

7
5

4
1

5
2

13
2

8
8

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

14
14

-

-

*

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS,

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BU SINESS, CLASS B ----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C -----------------------

A3

2 A 6.00

2A 7.00

1 7 0 .0 0 -3 1 0 .5 0

DRAFTERS, CLASS A ------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

10A
75

AO.O 22A .50
AO.O 2 2 6 .0 0

2 2 0 .0 0
2 2 0 .0 0

2 0 6 .0 0 -2 A 5 .5 0
1 9 6 .0 0 -2 5 1 .5 0

DRAFTERS, CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

I8A

AO.O 2 2 0 .5 0
AO.O 2 2 0 .5 0
3 9 .5 2 2 1 .0 0

2 2 2 .5 0
2 2 7 .0 0
2 1 0 .0 0

1 9 0 .0 0 -2 A 0 .5 0
2 0 0 .0 0 -2 A 0 .5 0
1 8 6 .0 0 -2 7 0 .0 0

199.00
197.00

1 7 5 .0 0 -2 0 6 .5 0
1 7 4 .0 0 -1 9 9 .5 0

no
7A

__

'0
NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b les.




61
55

£
2
-

-

-

-

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

l

10

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

21
10
11

8
8

5
5

3
2
1

10
•
10

13
2
11

7
7
-

5

1

-

1

2

-

18
12

10
1

17
15

14
13

20
11
9

10
2
8

19
17
2

19
8
11

12
11
1

16
7
9

A0
A0
-

25
2
23

2
2

22
22

7
t

1
1

1
1

5
2

1

A
A
-

10
10
-

6
5
1

5
2
3

10
1
9

8

-

-

-

-

_

1
1

-

-

1
1
-

*

-

3
2

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

“
-

_

nn
0 10~ '"O

AO.O 2 0 3 .0 0
AO.O 1 9 8.00

8

8

-

1A
12

-

-

-

11
2

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

2
2
-

20
20

1

_

_

1
1

6

-

-

-

-




Sep arate ea rn in gs in fo rm a tio n fo r m en and w om en is not
a v a ila b le fo r th is a re a .
In the Ju ly 1974 r e p o r t (B u lle tin 1850-4),
data fo r ta b le A - 3 w e r e e rr o n e o u s ly d e s c rib e d a s rela tin g s e p a ra te ly
to m en and w om en .
T h e in fo rm a tio n shown re la te d to m en and wom en
com b in ed .

Hourly earnings3

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly earn in gs of---

s

S

3 .5 0
workers

Mean 2 Median2

3 .7 0

S
4 .1 0

3
4 .3 0

*
4 .5 0

4 .7 0

$
4 .9 0

S
5 .1 0

S
5 .3 0

$
I
5 . 50 5 .7 0

S
5 .9 0

$
I
6 . 10 6 .3 0

I
6 .5 0

S
6 .7 0

S
6 .9 0

$
7 .1 0

4
1 ------7 . 30 7 .5 0 7 .7 0

3 .7 0

Occupation and in d u stry d iv is io n

$
3 .9 0

3 .9 0

4 .1 0

4 .3 0

4 .5 0

4 .7 0

4 .9 0

5 .1 0

5 .3 0

5 .5 0

5 . 70 5 .9 0

6 .1 0

6 . 30 6 .5 0

6 .7 0

6 .9 0

7.10

7 f3 ()

7. 50 7 .7 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
-

_

_

-

35
35

_

1
-

U n der

Middle range 2

S
3 .5 0

and
under
over

ALL WORKERS
CARPENTERS. MAINTENANCE -------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

56
52

$
5 .4 6
5 .4 0

$
5 .2 6
5 .2 6

$
$
5 . 1 1 - 5 .5 6
5 . 1 6 - 5 .5 6

E LE C TR IC IA N S . MAINTENANCE ---------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------- —

243
239

6 .1 6
6 .2 0

5 .8 6
5 .6 9

5 .6 5 - 7 .4 9
5 .6 5 - 7 .4 9

-

ENGINEERS. STATIONARY -----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

78
54

5 .6 9
5 .7 4

5 .3 8
5 .4 0

5 .1 1 - 6 .2 8
5 . 1 4 - 6 .2 8

-

-

*

*

t •[Jil
•0

62

4.7->

j.

I

-

8
8

-

14
14

10
10

7
7

-

5
5

-

-

2
2

-

-

6
4

-

-

~

3
3

2
2

9
8

12
12

12
12

14
14

49
49

25
25

5
5

15
15

17
17

11
11

2
2

2
2

_

2
2

13
4

17
13

8
6

7
6

4
4

-

4
4

“

6
-

-

-

-

_
_

j

r?

-

-

.

.

_

*

*

-

-

-

16
16

-

-

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS. TOOLROOM —
MANUFACTURING ------------ -------------------

49
49

5 .3 3
5 .3 3

5 .4 0
5 #40

4 . 4 7 - 5 .8 9
4 . 4 7 - 5 .8 9

M ACH INISTS. MAINTENANCE -------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

148
148

5 .6 0
5 .6 0

5 .6 3
5 .6 3

4 . 9 8 - 6 .2 8
4 .9 8 - 6 .2 8

456
74

5 .6 4
5 .5 3

5 .4 0
5 .4 9

5 .0 5 - 6 .0 3
4 . 7 7 - 5 .6 6

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
2

MECHANICS. AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING:
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------

137

6 .6 6

6 .4 1

6 .0 3 -

7.4Q

-

-

-

-

MECHANICS. MAINTENANCE ---------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

311
299

5 .9 4
5 .9 8

5 .6 5
5 .6 5

4 .7 8 - 7 .4 9
4 . 7 8 - 7 .4 9

-

-

-

“

*

12
12

MILLWRIGHTS -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

174
174

6 .3 4
6 .3 4

6 .3 5
6 .3 5

5 .3 2 5 .3 2 -

7 .3 2
7 .3 2

•

.

-

P IP E F IT T E R S , MAINTENANCE -----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

138
138

6 .0 6
6 .0 6

5 .8 5
5 .8 5

5 .6 5 - 6 .4 5
5 . 6 5 - 6 .4 5

.

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

32
32

6 .4 4
6 .4 4

6 .8 8
6 .8 8

5 .5 2 - 7 .3 2
5 .5 2 - 7 .3 2

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS --------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

351
351

6 .1 3
6 .1 3

5 .9 5
5 .9 5

5 .3 3 - 6 . 6 a
5 .3 3 - 6 .6 4

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .




-

-

-

2
2

1
1

1
1

4
4

16
16

-

-

32
32

12
12

16
16

3
3

29
29

-

-

20

42
12

8
8

90

14
14

94
4

24
24

8
2

71

2

8

•

-

-

_

•

-

“

-

-

6

60

-

63
63

20
20

6
6

35
35

34
34

3
3

4
4

2
2

1
1

22
22

25
25

-

3
3

-

17
17

-

11
11

2
2

44
44

14
14

-

_

34
34

_

-

-

1
1

-

-

2
2

10
10

_
-

-

4
4

-

-

-

8
8

2
2

3
3

4
4

68
68

29
29

31
31

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

31
31

1
-

-

"

8
8

2
2

_

5
5

_

-

-

_

*

-

3
3

1
1

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

21

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

37
37

16
16

3
3

_

-

-

-

-

3

20

•

_

50
10

8

-

-

3

20

40

-

2
-

32
31

1
-

-

-

26
26

61
61

35
35

15
15

-

-

-

55
55

-

20
20

“

4
4

-

31
31

-

2
2

2
2

24
24

44
44

_

_

-

_

-

_

_
38
38

-

-

-

-

16
16

-

_
74
74

_

N u m b er of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s of—

Hourly earnings3
$

2 .1 0

Occupation and industry d iv is io n
workers

M ean2

M edian2

Middle range 2

1 ------ $
1
s
2 .2 0 2 .3 0 2 . A0 2 .5 0

$
2 .6 0

%
2 .7 0

$

$

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

I
3 .2 0

S
S
3 • b0 3 .8 0

S
$
A . 10 A .A 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .2 0

3 .60

3 .80 A . 10 A .A 0

s
5 .9 0

s
6 .2 0

I
6 .5 0

S
6 .8 0

5 .9 0

6 .2 0

6 .5 0

6 .8 0

7 .1 0

$
5 .3 0

S
5 .6 0

5 .3 0

5 .6 0

S
I
A . 70 5 .0 0

s
7 .1 0

and
under
2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 . A0 2 .5 0

2 .6 0

A58

29

A58

29

90

-

12

25

-

-

2
2

90

*

12

25

*

“

*

18
16
2

26

2
95
2
93

10

A
-

A

70
11
59

39A

-

10

32
2
30

23
12
11

36
A
32

-

32
32

62
A
58

6
6

32
4
28

-

-

20
6
1A

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

.

_

A . 70 5 .0 0

7 . A0

ALL WORKERS
79A
176
618

$
2 .7 A
A . 66
2 .1 9

$
2 .1 3
A .A 2
2 .1 0

$
2 .1 0 A .A 2 2 .1 0 -

GUARDS!
MANUFACTURING------------------------- ------

176

A . 66

4 ,4 2

A .A 2 - A . 82

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

1 .2 5 7
A97
760

3.A 1
A . 29
2 .8 3

2 .7 6
A . A3
2 .6 0

2 . 6 0 - A . A3
3 . 6 6 - A . 75
2 . 5 5 - 2 .6 5

LABORERS. MATERIAL HANOLING -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING — ----- ------ ------ —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -------------------

890
A69
A21
52

A . 01
A . 05
3 .9 6
7 .0 9

A . 00
A . 00
3 .0 0
7 .0 9

3 .0 0 3 .9 0 2 .6 0 7 .0 A -

ORDER FILLERS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------- ----NONMANUFACTURING--------------------------

253
169

A . 98
3 .9 0
5 .5 1

5 .8 3
3 .9 0
6 .2 A

3 . 5 3 - 6 .2 A
3 .3 0 - A . A 1
A . 1 0 - 6 .2 A

PACKERS. S H IPPIN G ------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

18A
127

A .A 2
A .A 6

A . 32
A . 32

3 . 7 9 - A . 65
3 .9 0 - A ,5 a

RECEIVING CLERKS --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

61
38

5 .0 8
5 .5 5

A . 99
6 .3 6

A . 1 0 - 6 .3 6
3 . 7 3 - 6 .3 6

SH IPPING CLERKS ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

A7
39

A . 56
A . 35

A . 37
A . 37

A . 3 7 - A . A3
A . 3 7 - A .A 3

SH IPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS -------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

73
62

A . 32
A . 32

A . 50
A . 31

3 . 8 7 - A . 75
3 . 8 7 - A . 75

-

TRUCKDRIVERS--------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING - — ---- — - — -------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------

1 .0 5 5
297
758
3A3

5 .6 3
5 .3 1
5 .7 6
6 .9 5

6 .3 5
5 .0 5
6 . AO
7 .1 A

A .55A .56A .557 .1 A -

7 .1 A
6 .3 5
7 .1 A
7 .1 A

-

TRUCKDRIVERS. LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------ ----- ----- —

132
12A

S.A1
5 .5 5

7 .1 A
7 .1 A

3 .A 1 3 .A 1 -

7 .1 a
7 .1 A

TRUCKDRIVERS. MEDIUM (1 - 1 / 2 TO
ANO INCLUDING A TONS) -----------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

89
33
56

3 .9 A
A . 11
3 .8 3

A . 00
A . 20
3 .3 2

2 . 7 5 - 5 .1 5
3 .5 3 - A .A 5
2 .6 9 - 5 .2 A

A21
136
285
103

6 .2 5
5 .8 7
6 .A 3
7 .1 2

SUAROS AND WATCHMEN --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY (OVER A TONS.
TRAILER TYPE) -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------

See footn otes at end o f ta b le s .




6 . A0
5 .2 9
6 . A0
7 . 1A

6 .2 0 5 .1 1 6 .A07 .1 A -

$
2 .7 5
A . 82
2 .2 0

A . 25
A . 15
6 .0 7
7 .0 9

6 .8 2
6 .8 2
7 .1 A
7 .2 9

-

26
-

-

A
3
1

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

”

-

-

39A

-

*

-

16
1A
2

8
8

88
88

6
6

1
1

1A
1A

-

17
17

10
10

-

-

-

-

-

16

1A

8

88

6

1

1A

-

17

10

-

-

-

A0
A0

80

109
10A
5

13A
72
62

1A
1A

-

_

-

33
29
A

_

*

76
50
26

108
3
105

38
13
25

A1
A1
-

273
272
1

11A
96
18

2A
t
18

_

-

16
12
4

13
A
9

38
16
22

17
15
2

11
A
7

20
20
-

-

8
6

10
8

28
13

27
16

28
28

A5
27

2
2

-

11
9

_

12
-

5

1

-

2A
2A

15
15

10
9

1A
1A

10
10

15
6

21
21

2
2

-

-

A7
17
30

18
1
17

35
25
10

100
A9
51
6

AA
35
9
•

78
57
21
21

18
6
12
5

4

-

-

-

-

“
1

-

-

13
13

13
13

-

1

•

1A

1A

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1A

1A

-

_

_

“

•
1A

*

_

-

_
“

-

-

•

*

1A

15
5
10

15
10

-

7A
-

7a

*

*

-

-

9
6

“

1A
1A
“

9
1
8

2A

_

2A

-

*
9
9
“

2A
23
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

_

22
21
1

59
3
56

4
4

1

A0
A0
A0

12
12
12

_

-

-

_

105

3

“

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

4
4
-

18
3
15

-

1
1

-

35
26

?
2

-

1
1

4
-

_

-

3
3

3
3

13
13

2
2

-

-

-

51
51
-

-

4
*

_

7
7

18
A
1A

_

105
-

-

1

3

-

-

-

-

2b
26

_

_

_

-

-

_

6
_

-

-

2A
4
20
6

190
36
15A

6
6

-

_

_

_

•
2
2

57
5A
3

-

-

_

1A
1A

_

1A

1A

-

80

_

_

-

-

305

-

62
62

-

-

305
305

*

.

-

68
68

“

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

62
62

98

-

98
98

6
•

-

6

-

5
-

5
5

A
-

_

4

159
5
15A

.
-

Hourly earnings3

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs o f—

workers

Mean 2 Median2

Middle range 2

I

s

t

S
2 .3 0

S
2 .4 0

$
2 .5 0

$
2 .6 0

S
2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0

$
2 .9 0

s
3 .2 0

S
3 .5 0

$
3 .8 0

4 .1 0

S
4 .4 0

4 .7 0

i
5.00

5 .3 0

S
5 .6 0

J
5 .9 0

$
6 .2 0

6 .5 0

J
“5
6 .8 0 7 .1 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .2 0

3 .5 0

3 .8 0

4 .1 0

4 .4 0

4 .7 0

5 .0 0

5.30

5 .6 0

5 .9 0

6 .2 0

6 .5 0

6 .8 0

7 .1 0

10

34

Occupation and in d u stry d iv sion

S
2 .2 0

9

$
2 .1 0

Number

29
29

123
123

24

24
22

16
16

s

and
under
2 .2 0

7 .4 0

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED

TRUCKDRIVERS -

CONTINUED

TRUCKORIVERS. HEAVY

(OVER 4 TONS.

$

$

$

$
60

JJ0

rrn

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




J

414

4 .9 5

5 .8 4

3 .7 9 -

6 .1 8

11

22

14

'

16

13

29

£

^*10

60
60
24

8

197
190

43
42
46
45

177

85

1

~
“

“




Table A -6 .

Average hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant,

custodial, and material m ovem ent workers, by sex,
in Syracuse, N .Y ., Ju ly 1975
Sex, occu pation , and in d u stry d iv is io n

m a in t e n a n c e

and

Average
(mean1 )
hourly
earnings3

Sex, occupation, and indu stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
(m ean2 )
hourly
earnings3

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

po w e r plant

OCCUPATIONS « . r^r-.

Number
of
woikers

MEN

v r-. •. 1 r.1
d2

5 .4 0

MANUEACTURING ---------------------------------

243
239

6 .1 6
6 .2 0

ENGINEERS * STATIONARY — — — — —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

78
54

5 .6 9
5 .7 4

62
62

4 .7 6
4 .7 6

TOOLROOM - -

49
49

5 .3 3
5 .3 3

M ACH INISTS. MAINTENANCE --------------------

148
148

5 .6 0
5 .6 0

456
74

5 .6 4
5 .5 3

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS,

7 *0 9

RECEIVING CLERKS

61

** j J
*
**
5 .0 8

SH IPPIN G CLERKS ----------------------------------

46

4 .5 8

70

4 .3 2
4 -3 0

1 ,0 5 5
7 j»8
343

5 .6 3
5*3 1
5 *7 6
6 .9 5

132

5 .4 1

56

3 .9 4
4 .1 1
3 .8 3

421
136
285
103

6 .2 5
5 .8 7
6 .4 3
7 .1 2

SH IPPIN G AND RECEIVING CLERKS

— —

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE

NONMANUFACTURING:
137

6 .6 6

MECHANICS. MAINTENANCE ---------------------

311
299

5 .9 4
5 .9 6

MILLWRIGHTS -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------— --------

174
174

6 .3 4
6 .3 4

P IP E F IT T E R S ,

138
138

6*0 6
6 .0 6

32
32

6 .4 4
6 .4 4

351
351

6 .1 3
6 .1 3

TRUCKDRIVERS --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING — — — — — ——
—

MAINTENANCE ------------------

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE —

MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
l - l / £ IUN51 —
— —
— —

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1 -1 / 2

—

TO

NUNMANUr ACT UKINo — -----— ---TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY
1K A l L t K 1T r t ) — —

(OVER 4 TONS,
— — —

NUNMANUrAL1UKINb —
— —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ------------TRUCKORIVERSt HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,

5 I 14

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT

_
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------JAN ITO R S, PORTERS,

AND CLEANERS -----

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b les.

172
587

4 .6 6
2 .2 0

172

4 .6 6

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

924
451
473

3 .6 0
4 .3 5

JAN ITO RS, PORTERS. AND CLEANERS -----

333

2 .8 7

Table A-7.

P ercent increases in average hourly earnin gs for

selected o ccupational groups, adjusted for em p lo y m e n t
shifts, in Syra cuse, N .Y ., J u ly 1975
July 1974
to
July 1975

Industry and occupational
group

A ll industries:
Office clerica l (men and wom en)_________________
Electronic data processing (men and women)____
Industrial nurses (men and women)_______________
Skilled maintenance trades (m en )________________
Unskilled plant workers (m en)____________________
Manufacturing:
Office clerica l (men and wom en)_________________
Electronic data processing (men and women)____
Industrial nurses (men and women)_______________
Skilled maintenance trades (m en )________________
Unskilled plant workers (m en )____________________

7.2
7.2
7.3
8.1

6.9
7.8
7.1
7.5
7.9
7.3

Nonmanufacturing:
Office clerica l (men and wom en)_________________
Electronic data processing (men and women)____
Industrial nurses (men and women)_______________
Skilled maintenance trades (m en )________________
Unskilled plant workers (m en )____________________

* Data do not meet publication criteria.

NOTE: The percent increases presented in this table are based on changes in average
hourly earnings for establishments reporting the trend jobs in both the current and previous
year (matched establishments). They are not affected by changes in average earnings
resulting from employment shifts among establishments or turnover of establishments
included in survey samples. The percent increases, however, are still affected by factors
other than wage increases. Hirings, layoffs, and turnover may affect an establishment
average fo r an occupation when workers are paid under plans providing a range of wage rates
fo r individual jobs. In periods of increased hiring, for example, new employees enter at the
bottom of the range, depressing the average without a change in wage rates.
These wage trends are not linked to the wage indexes previously published fo r this
area because the wage indexes measured changes in area averages whereas these wage trends
measure changes in matched establishment averages. Other characteristics of these wage
trends which differ from the discontinued indexes include (1) earnings data of office c le ric a l
workers and industrial nurses are converted to an hourly basis, (2) trend estimates are
provided for nonmanufacturing establishments where possible, and (3) trend estimates are
provided for electronic data processing jobs.
F or a more detailed description of the method used to compute these wage trends, see
"Improving Area Wage Survey In dexes," Monthly Labor R eview , .January 1973, pp. 52-57.

Footnotes 1
3
2
1 Standard hours reflect the workweek
to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed fo r each job
and half receive less than the rate shown.
3 Excludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e




fo r which employees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries (exclusive of pay fo r overtim e at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond
by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of w orkers. The median designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive m ore
The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the low er of these rates and a fourth earn m ore than the higher rate.
and fo r work on weekends, holidays, and'late shifts.

Ap p en d ix A
A r e a w a ge and r e la te d b e n e fits data a re obtain ed by p e rs o n a l v is it s o f B u reau fie ld r e p r e s e n t­
a tives at 3 - y e a r in te r v a ls . 1 In each of £he in te rv e n in g y e a r s , in fo rm a tio n on em p loym en t and
occu pational ea rn in gs is c o lle c te d by a com b in ation of p e rs o n a l v is it ; m a il q u e s tio n n a ire , and telep h on e
in te rv ie w fr o m e sta b lish m en ts p a rtic ip a tin g in the p re v io u s s u rvey .
In each o f the 83 2 a rea s c u rre n tly s u rv e y e d , data a re obtained fr o m r e p re s e n ta tiv e e s ta b ­
lish m en ts w ithin six b ro a d in du stry d iv is io n s : M an u factu rin g; t rein sp ort ation, co m m u n ica tion , and oth er
public u tilitie s ; w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l es ta te ; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r
in d u stry grou ps exclu d ed fr o m th ese studies a re g o v e rn m e n t op era tio n s and the con stru ction and
e x tr a c tiv e in d u s trie s . E s ta b lish m en ts havin g fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d num ber o f w o r k e r s a re o m itted
becau se o f in s u ffic ie n t em p loym en t in the occu pation s studied.
S ep a ra te tabu lation s are p ro v id e d fo r
each o f the b ro a d in d u stry d iv is io n s w hich m e e t p u blication c r it e r ia .
T h e s e s u rv e y s a re conducted on a sa m p le b a s is .
T h e sam p lin g p ro c e d u re s in v o lv e d e ta ile d
s tra tific a tio n o f a ll e sta b lish m en ts w ithin the scope o f an in d ivid u a l a r e a s u rv e y by in d u stry and num ber
o f e m p lo y ees. F r o m th is s tr a tifie d u n iv e rs e a p r o b a b ility sa m p le is s e le c te d , w ith each esta b lish m en t
having a p re d e te rm in e d chance o f s e le c tio n . T o obtain optim u m a ccu ra cy at m in im u m co s t, a g r e a t e r
p ro p o rtio n o f la r g e them s m a ll esta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c te d . W hen data a re com b in ed , each esta b lish m en t
is w eigh ted a cco rd in g to its p ro b a b ility o f s e le c tio n , so that unbiased e s tim a te s a re ge n e ra te d .
For
e x a m p le, i f one out o f fo u r esta b lish m en ts is s e le c te d , it is g iv e n a w eigh t of fo u r to r e p re s e n t it s e lf
plus th ree o th e rs . An a ltern a te o f the sam e o r ig in a l p r o b a b ility is chosen in the sam e in d u s tr y -s iz e
c la s s ific a tio n i f data a re not a v a ila b le fo r the o r ig in a l sam p le m e m b e r.
I f no suitable substitute is
a v a ila b le , a ddition al w eigh t is assign ed to a sam p le m e m b e r that is s im ila r to the m is s in g unit.
O ccupations and E a rn in gs
O ccupations s e le c te d fo r study a re com m on to a v a r ie t y o f m an u factu rin g and nonm anufacturing
in d u s trie s , and a re o f the fo llo w in g ty p e s :
(1 ) O ffic e c le r ic a l; (2) p ro fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (3)
m aintenance and p o w erp la n t; and (4 ) cu s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m o vem en t. O ccu pation al c la s s ific a tio n is
based on a u n ifo rm set o f jo b d e s c rip tio n s d e s ig n e d to take account o f in te re s ta b lis h m e n t v a ria tio n
in duties w ithin the sam e jo b . O ccu pations s e le c te d fo r study a re lis te d and d e s c rib e d in appendix B.
U n less o th e rw is e in d ic a te d , the ea rn in gs data fo llo w in g the jo b t it le s a re fo r a ll in d u s trie s com bin ed.
E arn in gs data fo r som e of the occu pation s lis te d and d e s c r ib e d , o r fo r som e in d u stry d iv is io n s within
occupations, a re not p re s e n te d in the A - s e r ie s ta b le s , b eca u se e ith e r (1 ) em p loym en t in the occupation
is too sm a ll to p ro v id e enough data to m e r it p re s e n ta tio n , o r (2) th e re is p o s s ib ility o f d is c lo s u re of
in d ivid u al e sta b lish m en t data. S ep a ra te m e n 's and w o m e n ’ s e a rn in g s data a re not p re s e n te d when the
num ber o f w o r k e r s not id e n tifie d by sex is 20 p e rc e n t o r m o r e o f the m en o r w om en id e n tifie d in an
occupation.
E a rn in gs data not shown s e p a ra te ly fo r in d u stry d iv is io n s are in clu ded in a ll in d u s trie s
com bin ed data, w h e re shown.
L ik e w is e , data a re in clu d ed in the o v e r a ll c la s s ific a tio n when a sub­
c la s s ific a tio n of e le c tr o n ic s tech n ic ia n s , s e c r e t a r ie s , o r t r u c k d r iv e r s is not shown o r in fo rm a tio n to
s u b cla ssify is not a v a ila b le .
O ccu pation al em p loym en t and e a rn in g s data a re shown fo r fu ll- t im e w o r k e r s , i. e . , th ose h ir e d
to w ork a re g u la r w e e k ly schedule. E a rn in g s data exclu d e p re m iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on
w eeken ds, h o lid a y s , and la te sh ifts. N on produ ction bonuses a r e ex clu d ed , but c o s t - o f- liv in g a llow an ces
and in cen tive bonuses a re in clu ded.
W e e k ly h ou rs fo r o ffic e c le r i c a l and p ro fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l
occupations r e f e r to the standard w o rk w e e k (rou n ded to the n e a re s t h a lf h ou r) fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s
r e c e iv e re g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e of pay fo r o v e r tim e at r e g u la r and/or p re m iu m r a te s ).
A v e r a g e w e e k ly ea rn in gs fo r th e s e occu pation s a r e rounded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r.
T h e s e s u rv e y s m e a s u re the l e v e l o f occu p a tion a l e a rn in g s in an a r e a at a p a rtic u la r tim e .
C o m p a riso n s o f in d ivid u a l o ccu p ation al a v e r a g e s o v e r tim e m a y not r e fle c t ex p e c te d w age changes.
T h e a v e ra g e s f o r in d ivid u a l jo b s a re a ffe c te d by ch an ges in w a g es and em p lo ym en t p a ttern s.
For
e x a m p le, p ro p o rtio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y h ig h - o r lo w -w a g e fir m s m ay change, o r h ig h -w a g e
w o rk e rs m ay advance to b e tte r jo b s and be r e p la c e d by n ew w o r k e r s at lo w e r ra te s .
Such sh ifts Ln
em p loym en t could d e c r e a s e an occu p a tion a l a v e r a g e ev e n though m o st e sta b lish m en ts in an a re a
in c re a s e w a g es during the y e a r .
T re n d s in e a rn in g s o f occu p a tion a l g ro u p s, shown in ta b le A - 7,
a re b e tte r in d ic a to rs o f w a ge tre n d s than in d iv id u a l jo b s w ith in the grou p s.

A v e r a g e earn in gs r e fle c t c o m p o s ite , a re a w id e e s tim a te s . In d u s trie s and e s ta b lis h m e n ts d iffe r
in pay le v e l and jo b s ta ffin g , and thus c o n trib u te d iffe r e n t ly to the e s tim a te s fo r each jo b .
P ay
a v e ra g e s m ay fa il to r e fle c t a c c u ra te ly the w a g e d iffe r e n t ia l am ong jo b s in in d ivid u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
A v e r a g e pay le v e ls fo r m en and w om en in s e le c te d occu p ation s should not be assu m ed to
r e fle c t d iffe re n c e s in pay o f the sexes w ithin in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts . F a c to r s w h ich m a y co n trib u te
to d iffe re n c e s in clu de p ro g r e s s io n within e s ta b lis h e d ra te ra n g e s , s in ce only the ra te s p aid incum bents
a re c o lle c te d , and p e rfo rm a n c e of s p e c ific du ties w ith in the g e n e r a l s u rv e y jo b d e s c r ip tio n s .
Job
d e s c rip tio n s used to c la s s ify em p lo y e e s in th e s e s u rv e y s u su ally a r e m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th ose used
in in d ivid u a l esta b lish m en ts and allow fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong e s ta b lis h m e n ts in s p e c ific
duties p e rfo rm e d .
O ccu pational em p loym en t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the scope
o f the study and not the nu m ber actu ally s u rv e y e d . B eca u se occu p a tio n a l s tru c tu re s am ong e s ta b lis h ­
m en ts d iffe r , es tim a te s o f occu pation al e m p lo y m e n t ob tain ed fr o m the s a m p le o f esta b lis h m e n ts studied
s e r v e only to in d ica te the r e la tiv e im p o rta n c e o f the jo b s studied. T h e s e d iffe r e n c e s in o ccu p ation al
stru ctu re do not a ffect m a te r ia lly the a c c u ra c y o f the ea rn in g s data.
W a ge tre n d s fo r s e le c te d occu pation al grou p s
The
Annual ra te s
span b etw een
in c r e a s e d at

p ercen ts o f change in ta b le A - 7 r e la te to w a ge ch an ges b etw een the in d ic a te d dates.
o f in c r e a s e , w h ere shown, r e f le c t the amount o f in c r e a s e fo r 12 m onths when the tim e
s u rveys w as oth er than 12 m onths. Annual r a te s a re b a s e d on the assu m ption that w a ges
a constant ra te b etw een s u rv e y s .

O ccu pation s used to com pute w age tren d s a re :
O ffic e c le r ic a l (m en and w o m e n ):
B o ok k eep in g-m ach in e o p e ra to rs ,
c la s s B
C le r k s , accounting, c la s s e s A and B
C le r k s , f i l e , c la s s e s A , B , and C
C le r k s , o r d e r
C le r k s , p a y r o ll
Keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s e s A and B
M e s s e n g e rs
S e c r e ta r ie s
S ten o gra p h ers, g e n e ra l
S ten o gra p h ers, s en io r
S w itchboard o p e ra to rs
T a b u la tin g-m a ch in e o p e ra to rs ,
c la s s B
T y p is ts , c la s s e s A and B
E le c tr o n ic data p ro c e s s in g
(m en and w o m e n ):
C om pu ter o p e r a to r s , c la s s e s A , B , and C
C om p u ter p r o g r a m m e r s , c la s s e s A , B ,
and C

E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g (m en
and w o m en )— C ontinued
C o m p u ter s y s te m s a n a ly s ts , c la s s e s A ,
B , and C
In d u s tria l n u rs e s (m en and w o m e n ):
N u r s e s , in d u s tria l (r e g is t e r e d )
S k ille d m a in ten an ce (m e n ):
C a rp e n te rs
E le c t r ic ia n s
M a c h in is ts
M e c h a n ic s
M e c h a n ic s (a u to m o tiv e )
P a in te r s
P ip e fit t e r s
T o o l and d ie m a k e rs
U n s k ille d plan t (m e n ):
J a n ito rs , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s
L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l handling

P e r c e n t changes fo r in d ivid u a l area s in the p r o g r a m a r e com p u ted as fo llo w s :
1. Each occupation is assign ed a w e ig h t b a s e d on its p ro p o rtio n a te em p lo y m e n t in the s e le c te d
grou p o f occupations in the base y e a r .
2. T h e s e w eig h ts a re used to com pu te gro u p a v e r a g e s .
E ach o c c u p a tio n 's a v e r a g e (m ea n )
e a rn in g s is m u ltip lie d by its w eigh t. T h e p ro d u c ts a r e to ta le d to obtain a grou p a v e r a g e .
3. T h e ra tio o f grou p a v e ra g e s fo r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s is com p u ted by d iv id in g the a v e ra g e
fo r the cu rren t y e a r by the a v e ra g e fo r the e a r l i e r y e a r . T h e re s u lts — e x p r e s s e d as a p e rc e n t— le s s 100
is the p e rc e n t change.
E sta b lish m en t p ra c tic e s and su p p lem en tary w a g e p r o v is io n s

1 Personal visits were on a 2-year cycle before July 1972.
2 Included in the 83 areas are 13 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas are Akron, Ohio; Austin, T e x .; Binghamton,
N .Y . —P a.; Birmingham, A l a . ; Fort Lauderdale—Hollywood and West Palm Beach—Boca Raton, Fla. ; Lexington—Fayette, K y .; Melbourne—T itusville—
Cocoa, Fla .; Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, Va. —N. C. ; Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N1Y . ; Raleigh—
.
Durham, N .C .; Syracuse, N . Y . ; Utica—Rome, N . Y . ; and Westchester County, N .Y . In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies in
approximately 70 areas at the request o f the Employment Standards Administration o f the U. S. Department o f Labor.




T ab u lation s on s e le c te d e s ta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w a ge p r o v is io n s ( B - s e r ie s
t a b le s ) a re not p re s e n te d in th is b u lletin .
In fo r m a tio n fo r th e s e tab u lation s is c o lle c t e d at 3 -y e a r
i n t e r v a ls . 1 T h e s e tabulations on m in im u m e n tra n c e s a la r ie s fo r in e x p e r ie n c e d o ffic e w o r k e r s ; sh ift
d iffe r e n tia ls ; scheduled w e e k ly hours and d ays; p a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a tio n s ; and h ea lth , in s u ra n c e , and
pension plans a re p re s e n te d (in the B - s e r ie s t a b le s ) in p r e v io u s b u lle tin s fo r th is a rea .

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and workers within sco p e of survey and nu m ber studied
in S y ra c u s e , N . Y . , 1Ju ly 1975

In d u s try d iv is io n 2

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s ta b lis h m ents in scope
o f study

N u m b er o f esta b lis h m e n ts

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
W ith in scop e o f s tu d y 4

W ith in scope
o f study*

Studied

Studied
N u m b er

P ercen t

___________________________________

_

442

118

93, 624

100

57, b67

M a n u fa c tu rin g _______ __________________ __ ____
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____ _________ __________________
T r a n s p o r ta tio n , co m m u n ica tion , and
o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5
W h o le s a le t r a d e 6
R e t a il t r a d e 6______ _____ ___________________ _
F in a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e 6 _______
S e r v ic e s 6 7

50
-

147
295

42
76

47, 939
45, 685

51
49

33, 347
24, 320

50
50
50
50
50

36
61
89
41
68

12
10
17
12
25

9,
5,
14,
8,
7,

10
6
15
10
8

A l l d iv is io n s

647
800
085
992
161

7,
1,
5,
5,
4,

803
693
771
003
050

1 T h e S y ra c u s e Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d b y the O ffic e o f M a n a gem en t and B u dget th rou gh F e b r u a r y 1974, c o n s is ts
o f M a d is o n , O nondaga, and O sw ego C ou n ties.
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in sco p e o f stu d y" e s tim a te s shown in th is ta b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u ra te
d e s c r ip t io n o f the s iz e and co m p o sitio n o f the la b o r fo r c e in clu d ed in the s u rv e y .
E s tim a te s a r e not in ten ded, h o w e v e r , fo r c o m p a ris o n w ith o th er
e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s to m e a s u re em p lo y m en t tren d s o r le v e ls s in ce (1) plan n in g o f w a ge s u rv e y s r e q u ir e s e s ta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly
in a d v a n c e o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d studied, and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e exc lu d e d f r o m the scope o f the s u rv e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d itio n o f the Standard In d u s tria l C la s s ific a tio n M anual w as used in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts b y in d u s try d iv is io n .
3 In c lu d e s a ll e sta b lish m en ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o ve the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
A l l ou tlets (w ith in the a r e a ) of co m p a n ies in in d u s trie s
such as tr a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tio n p ic tu r e th e a te rs a r e c o n s id e re d as 1 esta b lis h m e n t.
4 In c lu d e s a ll w o r k e r s in a ll esta b lish m en ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t (w ith in the a r e a ) at o r a b ove th e m in im u m lim ita tio n .
5 A b b r e v ia te d to "p u b lic u t ilit ie s " in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s .
T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in c id e n ta l to w a te r tra n s p o rta tio n w e r e exclu d ed .
6 T h is d iv is io n is r e p re s e n te d in e s tim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu rin g " in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s .
S ep a ra te p re s e n ta tio n o f data
is not m a d e f o r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g rea so n s:
(1) E m p lo y m e n t is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it s e p a ra te study, (2 ) the sa m p le
w a s not d e s ig n e d in it ia lly to p e r m it sep a ra te p re s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e was in s u ffic ie n t o r in adequ ate to p e r m it s e p a ra te p re s e n ta tio n , and (4 ) th e re
is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d ivid u a l e sta b lish m en t data.
7 H o te ls and m o te ls ; la u n d ries and other p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u sin ess s e r v ic e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir , re n ta l, and p a rk in g ; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ;
n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o rg a n iz a tio n s (e x c lu d in g r e lig io u s and c h a rita b le o rg a n iz a tio n s ); and e n g in e e rin g and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .




A p pendix B.

O ccupational Descriptions

T h e p r im a r y p u rpose o f p re p a rin g jo b d e s c rip tio n s fo r the B u rea u 's w age s u rveys is to a s s is t its f ie ld s ta ff in c la s s ify in g in to a p p ro p ria te
occu pation s w o r k e r s who a re e m p lo y e d under a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o ll t it le s and d iffe r e n t w ork a rra n gem en ts fr o m esta b lis h m e n t to e s ta b lis h m e n t and
fr o m a r e a to a re a .
T h is p e r m its the grou p in g o f o ccu p ation al w age ra te s re p re s e n tin g co m p a ra b le jo b content.
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a sis on
in te re s ta b lis h m e n t and in te r a r e a c o m p a r a b ility o f o ccu p ation al content, the B u re a u 's job d e s crip tio n s m ay d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m th ose in use in
in d ivid u a l e sta b lish m en ts o r th ose p re p a re d fo r oth er p u rp o ses.
In a pplyin g th e s e job d e s c rip tio n s , the B u rea u 's f ie ld e c o n o m is ts a r e in s tru c te d
to ex clu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p re n tic e s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g in n e rs ; tr a in e e s ; and handicapped, p a r t- tim e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s .

O FF IC E

B IL L E R , M A C H IN E

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T IN G

P r e p a r e s sta te m e n ts , b ills , and in v o ic e s on a m ach in e o th er than an o r d in a r y o r e le c tr o m a tic
ty p e w r ite r . M a y a lso k eep r e c o r d s as to b illin g s o r shipping c h a rg e s o r p e r fo r m o th e r c le r ic a l w ork
in cid en ta l to b illin g o p era tio n s. F o r w age study p u rp o s e s , b ille r s , m a ch in e, a re c la s s ifie d by typ e of
m ach in e, as fo llo w s :

P e r fo r m s one o r m o re accounting c l e r i c a l ta sk s such as p ostin g to r e g is t e r s and le d g e r s ;
r e c o n c ilin g bank accounts; v e r ify in g the in te rn a l c o n s is te n c y , c o m p le te n e s s , and m a th e m a tic a l a c c u ra c y
of accounting docum ents; assign in g p r e s c r ib e d accounting d is trib u tio n co d e s ; ex a m in in g and v e r ify in g
fo r c le r ic a l a ccu ra cy v a rio u s typ es o f r e p o r ts , lis t s , c a lc u la tio n s , p o s tin g , e tc .; o r p re p a rin g s im p le o r
a s s is tin g in p re p a rin g m o re c o m p lic a te d jo u rn a l v o u c h e rs . M a y w o rk in e it h e r a m anual o r autom ated
accounting system .

B i l l e r , m ach in e (b illin g m a ch in e).
U ses a s p e c ia l b illin g m ach in e (com b in ation typ in g and
adding m ach in e) to p r e p a re b ills and in v o ic e s fr o m c u s to m e r s ' pu rch ase o r d e r s , in te rn a lly p re p a re d
o r d e r s , shipping m em o ra n d u m s, e tc.
U s u a lly in v o lv e s ap p lica tio n o f p re d e te rm in e d discou nts and
shipping c h a rg e s and en try o f n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w hich m a y o r m ay not be com puted on the b illin g
m ach in e, and to ta ls w hich a re a u to m a tic a lly accu m u lated by m a ch in e. T h e op era tion usu ally in v o lv e s a
la r g e num ber o f carb on co p ie s o f the b ill b ein g p r e p a r e d and is often done on a fa n fo ld m ach in e.
B i l l e r , m ach in e (b ook k eep in g m a c h in e ). U ses a b ookkeepin g m ach in e (w ith o r without a
t y p e w r ite r k e y b o a rd ) to p r e p a r e c u s to m e r s ' b ills as p a rt o f the accounts r e c e iv a b le o p eration .
G e n e ra lly in v o lv e s the sim ultaneous e n try o f fig u r e s on c u s to m e r s ' le d g e r re c o r d .
T h e m achine
au tom a tica lly accu m u lates fig u r e s on a n u m b er o f v e r t ic a l colu m n s and com putes and usually p rin ts
a u to m a tica lly the debit o r c r e d it b a la n ces. D oes not in v o lv e a k n ow led ge o f book k eep in g. W o rk s fr o m
u n iform and standard typ es o f s a le s and c r e d it s lip s .

Th e w o rk re q u ir e s a k n ow ledge o f c le r i c a l m eth od s and o ffic e p r a c tic e s and p ro c e d u r e s w hich
r e la te s to the c le r ic a l p ro c e s s in g and re c o r d in g of tra n s a c tio n s and accou n tin g in fo rm a tio n .
W ith
e x p e r ie n c e , the w o r k e r ty p ic a lly b e co m es fa m ilia r w ith the book k eep in g and accounting te r m s and
p ro c e d u re s used in the a ssign ed w o rk , but is not r e q u ir e d to have a k n o w led g e o f the fo r m a l p r in c ip le s
o f bookkeepin g and accounting.
P o s itio n s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls

on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .

G lass A. U nder g e n e r a l s u p e rv is io n , p e r fo r m s accounting c le r ic a l o p e ra tio n s w h ich re q u ire
the ap p lication o f e x p e rie n c e and ju d gm en t, fo r e x a m p le , c l e r ic a lly p ro c e s s in g c o m p lic a te d o r
n o n re p e titiv e accounting tra n s a c tio n s , s e le c tin g am ong a su b stan tial v a r ie t y o f p r e s c r ib e d accounting
cod es and c la s s ific a tio n s , o r tra c in g tra n s a c tio n s though p r e v io u s accounting action s to d e te rm in e
so u rce o f d is c re p a n c ie s . M ay be a s s is te d b y one o r m o r e c la s s B accou n tin g c le r k s .

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

O p era tes a b ookkeepin g m ach in e (w ith o r w ithout a ty p e w r it e r k e y b o a rd ) to k eep a r e c o r d of
b u sin ess tra n sa ctio n s.
C la s s A . K eep s a set o f r e c o r d s re q u irin g a k n ow led ge o f and e x p e rie n c e in b a s ic bookkeeping
p r in c ip le s , and fa m ilia r it y w ith the s tru c tu re o f the p a r tic u la r accounting s y s te m used.
D e te rm in e s
p ro p e r re c o r d s and d istrib u tio n o f d eb it and c r e d it ite m s to be used in each phase o f the w o rk . M ay
p r e p a re c o n so lid a ted r e p o r t s , b a lan ce sh e e ts , and o th er r e c o r d s by hand.

C la s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p hases o r se c tio n s o f a set o f r e c o r d s u su ally
re q u irin g lit t le k n ow led ge o f b a s ic book k eep in g. P h a s e s o r se c tio n s include accounts p a y a b le, p a y r o ll,
c u s to m e r s ' accounts (not in clu din g a s im p le typ e o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d under b i l l e r , m a c h in e ), cost
distrib u tion , exp en se d is trib u tio n , in v e n to ry c o n tr o l, e tc. M a y ch eck o r a s s is t in p re p a ra tio n o f t r ia l
b alan ces and p re p a r e c o n tro l sheets fo r the accounting d ep artm en t.




C la ss B . U nder c lo s e su p e rv is io n , fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s and s ta n d a rd ize d p r o c e d u re s ,
p e r fo r m s one o r m o re routine accounting c l e r i c a l o p e r a tio n s , such as p ostin g to le d g e r s , c a r d s , or
w o rk s h e e ts w h e re id e n tific a tio n o f ite m s and lo c a tio n s o f p o s tin g s a re c le a r ly in d ic a te d ; ch eckin g
a c c u ra c y and co m p le te n e s s o f sta n d a rd ized and r e p e t it iv e r e c o r d s o r accou n tin g docu m en ts; and coding
docum ents using a fe w p r e s c r ib e d accounting c o d es.
C L E R K , F IL E
F ile s , c la s s ifie s , and r e t r ie v e s m a t e r ia l in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g s y s te m .
M a y p e r fo r m
c le r ic a l and m anual ta sk s re q u ire d to m ain tain file s . P o s itio n s a r e c la s s ifie d in to l e v e ls on the b a sis
o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s.
C la s s A . C la s s ifie s and
docu m en ts, e tc ., in an e s ta b lis h e d
M a y a lso file th is m a te r ia l.
M ay
le a d a s m a ll grou p o f lo w e r l e v e l

in d exes f i l e m a t e r ia l such as c o rre s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , te c h n ic a l
filin g s y s te m con tain in g a n u m b er o f v a r ie d su b ject m a tte r file s .
k eep r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p e s in con ju n ction w ith the f ile s .
M ay
file c le r k s .

C la s s B . S o r ts , c o d e s , and file s u n c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l by s im p le (su b ject m a t t e r ) headings
o r p a r tly c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l b y fin e r subheadings. P r e p a r e s sim p le r e la te d index and c r o s s - r e fe r e n c e
aids. A s re q u e s te d , lo c a te s c le a r ly id e n tifie d m a te r ia l in file s and fo rw a rd s m a t e r ia l. M ay p e r fo r m
re la te d c le r ic a l ta sk s r e q u ir e d to m ain tain and s e r v ic e file s .
C la s s C . P e r f o r m s rou tine filin g o f m a te r ia l that has a lre a d y been c la s s ifie d o r w hich is
e a s ily c la s s ifie d in a s im p le s e r ia l c la s s ific a tio n s y stem (e .g ., alp h ab etical, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r
n u m e r ic a l). As re q u e s te d , lo c a te s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a te r ia l in file s and fo rw a rd s m a te r ia l; and m ay
f i l l out w ith d ra w a l c h a rg e . M a y p e r fo r m s im p le c le r ic a l and m anual tasks r e q u ir e d to m ain tain and
s e r v ic e file s .
C L E R K , ORDER
R e c e iv e s c u s to m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r ia l o r m erch a n d ise by m a il, phone, o r p e rs o n a lly .
D uties in v o lv e any com b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g : Quoting p r ic e s to c u sto m ers; m akin g out an o r d e r
sh eet lis tin g the ite m s to m ake up the o r d e r ; ch eckin g p r ic e s and quantities o f ite m s on o r d e r sheet;
and d is trib u tin g o r d e r sh eets to r e s p e c tiv e dep artm en ts to be fille d . M ay check w ith c r e d it d ep artm en t
to d e te rm in e c r e d it ra tin g o f c u s to m e r , a ckn ow ledge re c e ip t o f o rd e rs fr o m c u s to m e rs , fo llo w up
o r d e r s to see that th ey h ave b een fille d , k e e p f ile o f o rd e rs r e c e iv e d , and check shipping in v o ic e s
w ith o r ig in a l o rd e r s .
CLERK, PA YR O LL
C om pu tes w a g e s o f com p an y e m p lo y e e s and en ters the n e c e s s a r y data on the p a y r o ll sh eets.
D uties in v o lv e :
C a lc u la tin g w o r k e r s ' e a rn in g s based on tim e o r production r e c o r d s ; and p ostin g
ca lc u la te d data on p a y r o ll sh e e t, show ing in fo rm a tio n such as w o r k e r 's nam e, w o rk in g days, tim e ,
r a te , dedu ction s fo r in s u ra n c e , and to ta l w a g es due. M ay m ake out paychecks and a s s is t p a y m a s te r
in m akin g up and d is trib u tin g p ay e n v e lo p e s .
M a y use a ca lcu la tin g m achine.
KEYPUNCH O PERATO R
O p e ra te s a keypunch m ach in e to r e c o r d o r v e r if y alphabetic and/or n u m e ric data on tabulating
c a rd s o r on tap e.
P o s itio n s

a re c la s s ifie d in to le v e ls

on the b a sis o f the fo llo w in g d efin ition s.

C la s s A . W o rk r e q u ir e s the ap p lica tio n o f e x p e rie n c e and judgm ent in s e le c tin g p ro c e d u re s
to be fo llo w e d and in s e a rc h in g f o r , in te r p r e tin g , s e le c tin g , o r codin g ite m s to be keypunched fr o m a
v a r ie t y o f s o u rc e docu m ents. On o c c a s io n m a y a lso p e r fo r m som e routine keypunch w o rk . M a y tra in
in e x p e r ie n c e d keypunch o p e r a to r s .
C la s s B . W o rk is rou tin e and r e p e titiv e .
U nder c lo s e su p ervision o r fo llo w in g s p e c ific
p ro c e d u re s o r in s tru c tio n s , w o rk s f r o m v a r io u s stan d ard ized sou rce documents w h ich h ave been cod ed ,
and fo llo w s s p e c ifie d p r o c e d u re s w h ich have been p r e s c r ib e d in d e ta il and re q u ire lit t le o r no s e le c tin g ,
co d in g, o r in te rp re tin g o f data to be r e c o r d e d . R e fe r s to s u p e rv is o r p rob lem s a r is in g fr o m e rro n e o u s
ite m s o r c o d es o r m is s in g in fo rm a tio n .
M ESSENGER

E xclu sion s
Not a ll p o sitio n s that a re t it le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the above c h a r a c te r is tic s .
p o sitio n s w h ich a re exclu d ed fr o m the d efin itio n a re 'as fo llo w s :

E xa m p les of

a.

P o s itio n s w h ich do not m e e t the " p e r s o n a l" s e c r e t a r y con cept d e s c rib e d above;

b.

S ten o gra p h ers not fu lly tr a in e d in s e c r e t a r ia l typ e duties;

c.
S ten o g ra p h ers
m a n a g e r ia l p e rs o n s ;

s e rv in g

as

o ffic e

a ssista n ts

to

a grou p

o f p r o fe s s io n a l, te c h n ic a l,

d. S e c r e ta r y p o s itio n s in w h ich the du ties a re e ith e r su b sta n tia lly m o re
sta n tia lly m o r e co m p le x and re s p o n s ib le than th ose c h a r a c te r iz e d in the d e fin itio n ;

or

routine o r sub­

e.
A s s is ta n t typ e p ositio n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e resp o n sib le te c h n ic a l,
a d m in is tra tiv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c le r ic a l duties w hich are not ty p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r ia l
w o rk .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a te o f f ic e r , " used in the l e v e l d efin itio n s fo llo w in g , r e fe r s to th ose
o ffic ia ls who have a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a te -w id e p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith re g a rd to m a jo r com pany
a c tiv itie s . The t it le " v ic e p re s id e n t, " though n o r m a lly in d ic a tiv e o f th is r o le , does not in a ll ca ses
id e n tify such p o s itio n s . V ic e p re s id e n ts w h ose p r im a r y re s p o n s ib ility is to act p e rs o n a lly on in d ivid u al
c a s e s o r tra n s a c tio n s (e .g ., ap p rove o r deny in d iv id u a l loan o r c r e d it a ction s; ad m in ister in dividu al
tru s t accounts; d ir e c t ly s u p e rv is e a c le r ic a l s ta ff) a re not c o n s id e re d to be "c o r p o r a te o f f ic e r s " fo r
p u rp oses o f applying the fo llo w in g l e v e l d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A
1. S e c r e ta r y to the ch airm an o f the b o a rd o r p re s id e n t o f a com pan y that e m p lo y s,
o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

in a ll,

2. S e c r e ta r y to a c o r p o r a te o f f ic e r (o th e r than the ch airm an o f the board o r p re s id e n t) o f a
com pany that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but fe w e r than 25, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e ta r y to the head, im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the c o r p o r a te o ffic e r le v e l, o f a m a jo r segm ent
o r su b s id ia ry o f a com pany that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,000 p e r s o n s .
C la s s B
1. S e c r e ta r y to the ch a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p re s id e n t of a com pany that e m p lo y s,
fe w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; or

in a ll,

2. S e c r e ta r y to a c o r p o r a te o f f ic e r (o th e r than the ch airm an o f the board o r p re s id e n t) o f a
com pany that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e ta r y to the head, im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the o f f ic e r le v e l, o v e r e ith e r a m a jo r c o r p o r a te ­
w id e fu n ction a l a c tiv ity (e .g ., m a rk e tin g , r e s e a r c h , o p e ra tio n s , in d u s tria l re la tio n s , e t c .) o r a m a jo r
g e o g r a p h ic o r o rg a n iz a tio n a l segm en t (e .g ., a r e g io n a l h ea d q u a rte rs ; a m a jo r d iv is io n ) o f a com pany
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5,000 but fe w e r than 25,0 0 0 e m p lo y e e s ; o r

P e r fo r m s v a rio u s rou tin e du ties such as running e rra n d s , operatin g m in o r o ffic e m ach in es
such as s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , opening and d istrib u tin g m a il, and oth er m in or c le r ic a l w o rk . E xclu de
p o s itio n s that re q u ir e o p e ra tio n o f a m o to r v e h ic le as a sig n ifica n t duty.

4.
S e c r e ta r y to the head o f an in d ivid u a l p lan t,
o f f ic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

SECRETARY

5. S e c r e ta r y to the head o f a la r g e and im p o rta n t o rg a n iz a tio n a l segm ent (e .g ., a m iddle
m an agem en t s u p e r v is o r o f an o r g a n iz a tio n a l segm en t often in vo lvin g as m any as s e v e r a l hundred
p e r s o n s ) o r a com pany that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 25,, 000 p e r s o n s .

A s s ig n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o rm a lly to one in d ivid u al.
M aintains a c lo s e and h igh ly
r e s p o n s iv e re la tio n s h ip to the d a y -to -d a y w o rk o f the s u p e rv is o r.
W ork s f a ir ly independently
r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e ta ile d s u p e rv is io n and guidance. P e r fo r m s v a r ie d c le r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l
d u ties, u su ally in clu d in g m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
a.
R e c e iv e s te lep h o n e c a lls , p e r s o n a l c a lle r s , and in com in g m a il, a n sw ers rou tin e in q u ire s ,
and ro u tes te c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s to the p r o p e r p e rs o n s ;
b.

M ain tain s the s u p e r v is o r 's ca le n d a r and m akes appointm ents as in s tru c te d ;

d.
v i s o r 's

E s ta b lis h e s ,

c.

m a in ta in s ,

and r e v is e s the

s u p e r v is o r 's file s ;

R e la y s m e s s a g e s f r o m

s u p e r v is o r to su bordinates;

e.
R e v ie w s c o rre s p o n d e n c e , m em o ra n d u m s, and r e p o rts p re p a re d by o th ers fo r the su p e r­
sign a tu re to a ss u re p r o c e d u r a l and ty p o g ra p h ic a ccu racy;
f.

P e r fo r m s

s te n o g ra p h ic and ty p in g w ork .

M a y a lso p e r fo r m o th e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l tasks o f co m p arab le n atu re and d iffic u lty .
T h e w o rk ty p ic a lly re q u ir e s k n o w led g e o f o ffic e routine and understanding o f the o rg a n iz a tio n , p r o g r a m s ,
and p ro c e d u re s r e la te d to the w o r k o f the s u p e r v is o r .




fa c to r y ,

e tc. (o r oth er equ ivalen t

le v e l o f

C la s s C
1. S e c r e ta r y to an e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p erso n w h ose re s p o n s ib ility is not equ ivalen t to
one of the s p e c ific l e v e l situations in the d e fin itio n fo r c la s s B , but w h ose o rg a n iza tio n a l unit
n o r m a lly n u m bers at le a s t s e v e r a l d ozen e m p lo y e e s and is u su ally d ivid ed into o rg a n iza tio n a l segm en ts
w h ich a re often , in tu rn , fu rth e r su bdivided. In som e co m p a n ie s , th is le v e l includes a w ide range of
o r g a n iz a tio n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o th e rs , on ly one o r tw o; o r
2.
S e c r e ta r y to the head o f an in d ivid u a l p lan t,
o f f ic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r than 5 ,000 p e r s o n s .

fa c to r y ,

e tc. (o r oth er equ ivalen t l e v e l of

C la s s D
1. S e c r e ta r y to the
about 25 o r 30 p e rs o n s ); o r

s u p e r v is o r

or

head

of

a s m a ll

o rg a n iz a tio n a l

unit

(e .g .,

fe w e r

than

2. S e c r e ta r y to a non s u p e r v is o r y s ta ff s p e c ia lis t, p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in istra tive
o f f ic e r , o r a ssista n t, s k ille d tech n icia n o r e x p e rt.
(N O T E :
M any com p a n ies assign s ten o g ra p h ers,
r a th e r than s e c r e t a r ie s as d e s c r ib e d ab o ve, to th is l e v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r non s u p e rv is o ry w o r k e r .)

P r im a r y duty is to take d icta tio n using shorthand, and to t r a n s c r ib e the dicta tion . M a y a lso
type fr o m w ritte n copy.
M a y o p e ra te fr o m a s ten o g ra p h ic p o o l.
M a y o c c a s io n a lly tr a n s c r ib e fr o m
v o ic e r e c o rd in g s ( i f p r im a r y duty is tr a n s c r ib in g fr o m r e c o r d in g s , se e T ra n s c rib in g -M a c h in e
O p e ra to r, G e n e ra l).

O perates one o r a v a r ie t y o f m a ch in es such as th e ta b u la to r, c a lc u la to r , c o lla t o r , in t e r p r e t e r ,
s o r t e r , rep rod u cin g punch, e tc. E x clu d ed fr o m th is d e fin itio n a r e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s . A ls o e x clu d ed
a r e o p e ra to rs o f e le c tr o n ic d ig ita l c o m p u te rs , ev e n though th e y m a y a lso o p e ra te E A M equipm ent.

N O T E : T h is jo b is d istin gu ish ed fr o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a s e c r e t a r y n o rm a lly w o rk s
in a c o n fid en tia l re la tio n s h ip w ith only one m a n a g e r o r e x e c u tiv e and p e r fo r m s m o r e re s p o n s ib le and
d is c re tio n a ry ta sk s as d e s c r ib e d in the s e c r e t a r y jo b d efin itio n .

C lass A. P e r fo r m s c o m p lete re p o rtin g and tab u latin g a ssig n m en ts in clu d in g d e v is in g d iffic u lt
c o n tr o l panel w ir in g under g e n e r a l s u p e rv is io n .
A s s ig n m e n ts t y p ic a lly in v o lv e a v a r ie t y o f lon g and
c o m p le x re p o rts w hich often a re ir r e g u la r o r n o n r e c u r r in g , re q u irin g som e planning o f the natu re and
sequ en cin g of op e ra tio n s , and the use o f a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s . Is t y p ic a lly in v o lv e d in tra in in g new
o p e r a to r s in m achine op eration s o r tra in in g lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a to r s in w irin g fr o m d ia g ra m s and in
the op eratin g sequ en ces of long and c o m p le x r e p o r ts .
D oes not in clu de p o s itio n s in w h ich w ir in g
re s p o n s ib ility is lim ite d to s e le c tio n and in s e r tio n o f p r e w ir e d b o a rd s .

S ten o g ra p h er, G e n e ra l
D ictation in v o lv e s a n o r m a l rou tin e v o c a b u la ry .
o r p e r fo r m o th er r e la t iv e ly rou tin e c le r ic a l ta sk s.

M a y m ain tain

file s ,

k eep s im p le r e c o r d s ,

S ten o g ra p h e r, S e n io r
D ictation in v o lv e s a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l ,o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la ry such as in le g a l b r ie fs o r
rep o rts on s c ie n tific re s e a r c h . M a y a ls o set up and m ain tain f il e s , k eep r e c o r d s , etc.
OR
P e r fo r m s s ten o g ra p h ic du ties re q u irin g s ig n ific a n tly g r e a t e r independence and r e s p o n s ib ility
than ste n o g ra p h e r, g e n e r a l, as e v id e n c e d by the fo llo w in g : W o rk re q u ir e s a high d e g r e e o f sten o gra p h ic
speed and a c c u ra c y ; a th orou gh w o rk in g k n ow led ge o f g e n e r a l b u sin ess and o ffic e p ro c e d u re ; and of
the s p e c ific bu sin ess o p e ra tio n s , o rg a n iz a tio n , p o lic ie s , p ro c e d u r e s , f ile s , w o r k flo w , e tc. U ses th is
know ledge in p e r fo r m in g s ten o g ra p h ic du ties and re s p o n s ib le c le r ic a l ta sk s such as m ain tain in g follo w u p
file s ; a ssem b lin g m a te r ia l fo r r e p o r ts , m em o ra n d u m s, and le t t e r s ; com p osin g sim p le le tte r s fr o m
g e n e ra l in s tru c tio n s ; read in g and rou tin g in c o m in g m a il; and a n sw erin g rou tine q u estio n s, e tc.

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p era tes a telep h on e sw itch b o a rd o r c o n s o le used w ith a p r iv a te bran ch exch an ge (P B X )
s y stem to r e la y in c o m in g , ou tgoin g, and in t r a - s y s t e m c a lls .
M ay p ro v id e in fo rm a tio n to c a lle r s ,
r e c o r d and tra n s m it m e s s a g e s , k eep r e c o r d o f c a lls p la c e d and t o ll c h a rg e s .
B e s id e s o p era tin g a
telephone sw itch b oa rd o r c o n s o le , m ay a ls o typ e o r p e r fo r m rou tine c le r ic a l w o rk (typin g o r routine
c le r ic a l w o rk m ay occupy the m a jo r p o rtio n o f the w o r k e r 's tim e , and is u su ally p e r fo r m e d w h ile at
the sw itch b oard o r c o n s o le ).
C h ie f o r le a d o p e r a to r s in e sta b lish m en ts em p lo yin g m o r e than one
o p e ra to r a re exclu ded. F o r an o p e r a to r who a lso acts as a r e c e p tio n is t, see S w itch b oard O p e ra to rR ecep tion ist.

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T IO N IS T
At a s in g le -p o s itio n telep h on e sw itch b o a rd o r c o n s o le , acts both as an o p e ra to r— see S w itch ­
board O p e ra to r— and as a r e c e p tio n is t. R e c e p tio n is t's w o rk in v o lv e s such duties as g re e tin g v is it o r s ;
d eterm in in g n atu re o f v i s i t o r 's b u sin ess and p ro v id in g a p p ro p ria te in fo rm a tio n ; r e fe r r in g v is it o r to
a p p rop ria te p e rs o n in the o rg a n iz a tio n , o r con ta ctin g that p erso n by teleph on e and a rra n g in g an
appointm ent; k eep in g a lo g o f v is it o r s .

P o s itio n s a re c la s s ifie d in to le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .

C lass B . P e r fo r m s w o rk a c c o rd in g to e s ta b lis h e d p ro c e d u r e s and under s p e c ific in s tru c tio n s .
A ss ig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e c o m p lete but rou tin e and r e c u r r in g r e p o r ts o r p a rts o f la r g e r and m o r e
c o m p le x re p o rts .
O p era tes m o re d iffic u lt tab u latin g o r e l e c t r ic a l accou n tin g m a ch in es such as the
ta b u la to r and c a lc u la to r, in addition to the s im p le r m a ch in es used by c la s s C o p e r a to r s .
M a y be
r e q u ir e d to do som e w ir in g fr o m d ia g ra m s .
M a y tra in n ew e m p lo y e e s in b a s ic m ach in e o p e ra tio n s .
C la ss C . U n der s p e c ific in s tru c tio n s , o p e ra te s s im p le tabu latin g o r e le c t r ic a l accounting
m ach in es such as the s o r t e r , in t e r p r e t e r , re p ro d u c in g punch, c o lla t o r , e tc .
A s s ig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly
in v o lv e portion s o f a w ork unit, fo r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o rtin g o r c o lla tin g runs, o r r e p e titiv e
o p e ra tio n s . M a y p e r fo r m sim p le w irin g fr o m d ia g r a m s , and do so m e filin g w o rk .
T R A N S C R IB IN G :-M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L
P r im a r y duty is to tr a n s c r ib e d icta tio n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l ro u tin e v o c a b u la ry fr o m t r a n ­
sc rib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M ay a lso typ e fr o m w ritte n co p y and do s im p le c l e r i c a l w o rk . W o r k e r s
tra n s c r ib in g dictation in v o lv in g a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la ry such as le g a l b r ie fs o r
re p o r ts on s c ie n tific re s e a r c h are not in clu d ed .
A w o r k e r who ta k es d ic ta tio n in shorthand o r by
S ten otype or s im ila r m achine is c la s s ifie d as a ste n o g ra p h e r.
T Y P IS T
U ses a t y p e w r ite r to m ake co p ie s o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls o r to m ake out b ills a fte r c a lc u la tio n s
have been made by another person .
M ay in clu d e ty p in g o f s te n c ils , m a ts , o r s im ila r m a t e r ia ls fo r
use in duplicating p r o c e s s e s . M ay do c l e r i c a l w o rk in v o lv in g lit t le s p e c ia l tr a in in g , such as k eep in g
s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g re c o r d s and r e p o r ts , o r s o rtin g and d is trib u tin g in c o m in g m a il.
C lass A . P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : T y p in g m a t e r ia l in fin a l fo r m when it
in v o lv e s com bining m a te r ia l fr o m s e v e r a l s o u rc e s ; o r r e s p o n s ib ility fo r c o r r e c t s p e llin g , s y lla b ic a tio n ,
punctuation, e tc ., o f te c h n ic a l o r unusual w o rd s o r fo r e ig n lan gu age m a t e r ia l; o r planning layou t and
typ in g o f com p lic a te d s ta tis tic a l ta b les to m ain tain u n ifo r m ity and b a la n ce in sp a cin g. M ay ty p e rou tine
fo r m le t t e r s , v a ry in g d eta ils to suit c irc u m s ta n c e s .

C la ss B . P e r fo r m s one o r m o re o f the fo llo w in g : C op y typ in g fr o m rough o r c le a r d ra fts ;
o r rou tin e typing o f fo r m s , insu rance p o lic ie s , e tc ; o r settin g up s im p le stan dard ta b u la tio n s; o r
cop yin g m o re co m p le x ta b les a lre a d y set up and sp a c e d p r o p e r ly .

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D TEC H N IC A L
COM PUTER O PERATO R

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — Continued

M o n ito rs and o p e ra te s the c o n tr o l co n s o le o f a d ig ita l co m p u ter to p ro c e s s data c c c o rd in g to
operatin g in s tru c tio n s , u su ally p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m m e r .
W o rk in clu d es m o st o f the fo llo w in g :
Studies in stru ctio n s to d e te rm in e equ ipm ent setup and o p e ra tio n s ; loa d s equipm ent \tfith re q u ire d
item s (tape r e e ls , c a r d s , e t c .); s w itch es n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia ry equ ipm ent into c ir c u it, and sta rts and
o p era tes com p u ter; m akes adjustm ents to co m p u te r to c o r r e c t o p e ra tin g p ro b le m s and m e e t s p e c ia l
con dition s; re v ie w s e r r o r s m ade during o p era tio n and d e te rm in e s cause o r r e f e r s p ro b le m to
s u p e rv is o r o r p r o g r a m m e r ; and m ain tain s o p e ra tin g r e c o r d s .
M a y te s t and a s s is t in c o r r e c tin g
p ro g ra m .

C la ss B . O p era tes in depen den tly, o r u nder o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n , a co m p u te r running
p r o g r a m s w ith m o st o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s : M o s t o f th e p r o g r a m s a re e s ta b lis h e d p rod u ction
ru n s, ty p ic a lly run on a re g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; th e r e is lit t le o r no te s tin g o f new p ro g r a m s
r e q u ir e d ; altern ate p ro g ra m s a re p ro v id e d in c a s e o r ig in a l p r o g r a m n eed s m a jo r change o r cannot be
c o r r e c t e d within a rea so n a b ly tim e . In com m on e r r o r s itu a tio n s , d ia g n o s e s cau se and ta k es c o r r e c t iv e
a ction .
T h is u su ally in v o lv e s applying p r e v io u s ly p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t iv e s te p s , o r using stan dard
c o r r e c t io n techniques.
OR

F o r w a g e study p u rp o s e s ,

co m p u ter o p e ra to rs

a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . O p era tes in d ep en d en tly, o r u nder only g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n , a co m p u ter running
p ro g ra m s w ith m ost o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s :
N ew p ro g r a m s a re fre q u e n tly te s te d and
introduced; scheduling re q u ire m e n ts a re o f c r it ic a l im p o rta n c e to m in im iz e d ow n tim e; the p ro g ra m s
a re o f co m p le x d esign so that id e n tific a tio n o f e r r o r s o u rce often r e q u ir e s a w o rk in g k n ow led ge o f the
to ta l p ro g ra m , and a ltern a te p ro g r a m s m a y not be a v a ila b le .
M a y g iv e d ire c tio n and guidance to
lo w e r l e v e l o p e ra to rs .




O perates under d ir e c t s u p e rv is io n a c o m p u te r running p ro g r a m s o r se g m e n ts o f p r o g r a m s
w ith the c h a r a c te r is tic s d e s c rib e d fo r c la s s A. M ay a s s is t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a to r b y in d ep en d en tly
p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta sk s a ssign ed , and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt ta sk s fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s
and w ith frequ en t r e v ie w o f op era tio n s p e r fo r m e d .
C lass C . W o rk s on routine p ro g r a m s under c lo s e s u p e rv is io n . Is e x p e c te d to d e v e lo p w o rk in g
k n o w led g e of the co m p u ter equipm ent used and a b ility to d e te c t p ro b le m s in v o lv e d in running rou tin e
p r o g r a m s . U su a lly has r e c e iv e d som e fo r m a l tra in in g in c o m p u te r o p e ra tio n . M a y a s s is t h ig h e r l e v e l
o p e r a to r on co m p le x p r o g r a m s .

Converts statements of business problems, typically prepared by a systems analyst, into a
sequence of detailed instructions which are required to solve the problems by automatic data processing
equipment. Working from charts or diagrams, the programmer develops the precise instructions which,
when entered into the computer system in coded language, cause the manipulation of data to achieve
desired results. Work involves most of the following: Applies knowledge of computer capabilities,
mathematics, logic employed by computers, and particular subject matter involved to analyze charts
and diagrams of the problem to be programmed; develops sequence of program steps; writes detailed
flow charts to show order in which data w ill be processed; converts these charts to coded instructions
for machine to follow; tests and corrects programs; prepares instructions for operating personnel
during production run; analyzes, reviews, and alters programs to increase operating efficiency or
adapt to new requirements; maintains records of program development and revisions. (NOTE: Workers
performing both systems analysis and programming should be classified as systems analysts if this is
the skill used to determine their pay.)
Does not include employees prim arily responsible for the management or supervision of other
electronic data processing employees, or programmers primarily concerned with scientific and/or
engineering problems.
For wage study purposes, program m ers are classified as follows:
C la s■ A . Works independently or under only general direction on complex problems which
require competence in all phases of programming concepts and practices. Working from diagrams
and charts which identify the nature of desired results, major processing steps to be accomplished,
and the relationships between various steps of the problem solving routine; plans the full range
of programming actions needed to efficiently utilize the computer system in achieving desired
end products.
At this level, programming is difficult because computer equipment must be organized to
produce several interrelated but diverse products from numerous and diverse data elements. A wide
variety and extensive number of internal processing actions must occur. This requires such actions as
development of common operations which can be reused, establishment of linkage points between
operations, adjustments to data when program requirements exceed computer storage capacity, and
substantial manipulation and resequencing of data elements to form a highly integrated program.
May provide functional direction to lower level programmers who are

Class A . Works independently or under only general direction on complex problems involving
all phases of system analysis. Problems are complex because of diverse sources of input data and
multiple-use requirements of output data. (For example, develops an integrated production scheduling,
inventory control, cost analysis, and sales analysis record in which every item of each type is
automatically processed through the full system of records and appropriate followup actions are initiated
by the computer.) Confers with persons concerned to determine the data processing problems and
advises subject-matter personnel on the implications of new or revised systems of data processing
operations. Makes recommendations, if needed, for approval of major systems installations or changes
and for obtaining equipment.
May provide functional direction to lower level systems analysts who are assigned to assist.
Class B . Works independently or under only general direction on problems that are relatively
uncomplicated to analyze, plan, program , and operate. Problems are of limited complexity because
sources of input data are homogeneous and the output data are closely related. (For example, develops
systems for maintaining depositor accounts in a bank, maintaining accounts receivable in a retail
establishment, or maintaining inventory accounts in a manufacturing or wholesale establishment.)
Confers with persons concerned to determine the data processing problems and advises subjectmatter personnel on the implications of the data processing systems to be applied.
OR
Works on a segment of a complex data processing scheme or system, as described for class A.
Works independently on routine assignments and receives instruction and guidance on complex
assignments. Work is reviewed for accuracy of judgment, compliance with instructions, and to insure
proper alignment with the overall system.
Class C . Works under immediate supervision, carrying out analyses as assigned, usually
of a single activity. Assignments are designed to develop and expand practical experience in the
application of procedures and skills required for systems analysis work. For example, may assist a
higher level systems analyst by preparing the detailed specifications required by programmers from
information developed by the higher level analyst.

assigned to assist.

Class B . Works independently or under only general direction on relatively simple programs,
or on simple segments of complex program s. Program s (or segments) usually process information to
produce data in two or three varied sequences or formats. Reports and listings are produced by
refining, adapting, arraying, or making minor additions to or deletions from input data which are
readily available. While numerous records may be processed, the data have been refined in prior
actions so that the accuracy and sequencing of data can be tested by using a few routine checks.
Typically, the program deals with routine record-keeping type operations.
OR
Works on complex program s (as described for class A) under close direction of a higher
level program m er or supervisor. May assist higher level programmer by independently performing
leas difficult tasks assigned, and performing more difficult tasks under fairly close direction.
May guide or instruct lower level programmers.
Class C . Makes practical applications of programming practices and concepts usually learned
in formal training courses. Assignments are designed to develop competence in the application of
standard procedures to routine problems. Receives close supervision on new aspects of assignments;
and work is reviewed to verify its accuracy and conformance with required procedures.
COM PUTER SYSTEMS AN A LY S T , BUSINESS
Analyzes business problems to formulate procedures for solving them by use of electronic
data processing equipment. Develops a complete description of all specifications needed to enable
program m ers to prepare required digital computer programs. Work involves most of the following:
Analyzes subject-matter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and criteria required to
achieve satisfactory results; specifies number and types of records, files, and documents to be used;
outlines actions to be performed by personnel and computers in sufficient detail for presentation to
management and for programming (typically this involves preparation of work and data flow charts);
coordinates the development of test problems and participates in trial runs of new and revised systems;
and recommends equipment changes to obtain more effective overall operations. (NOTE: Workers
performing both systems analysis and programming should be classified as systems analysts if this is
the skill used to determine their pay.)
Does not include employees prim arily responsible for the management or supervision of other
electronic data processing employees, or systems analysts primarily concerned with scientific or
engineering problems.




For wage study purposes, systems analysts are classified as follows:

DRAFTER
Class A. Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having distinctive design features
that differ significantly from established drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design
originator, and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of each change on the
details of form, function, and positional relationships of components and parts. Works with a
minimum of supervisory assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for consistency
with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare drawings, or direct their preparation by
lower level drafters.
Class B . Perform s nonroutine and complex drafting assignments that require the application
of most of the standardized drawing techniques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as:
Prepares working drawings of subassemblies with irregu lar shapes, multiple functions, and precise
positional relationships between components; prepares architectural drawings for construction of a
building including detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof. Uses accepted
formulas and manuals in making necessary computations to determine quantities of materials to be
used, load capacities, strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements, and
advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical adequacy.
Class C . Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for engineering, construction,
manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types of drawings prepared include isometric projections
(depicting three dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning of components
and convey needed information. Consolidates details from a number of sources and adjusts or
transposes scale as required. Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are less complete when assignments
recur. Work may be spot-checked during progress.
DR AFTER -TR ACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing cloth or paper over drawings
and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of
straight lines and a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
AND/OR
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
during progress.

Work is closely supervised

W o rk s on v a rio u s typ es o f e le c tr o n ic equipm ent and re la te d d e v ic e s by p e r fo r m in g one o r a
com bination o f the fo llo w in g : In s ta llin g , m ain tain in g, re p a ir in g , o verh a u lin g , tro u b le s h o o tin g , m o d ify in g ,
co n stru ctin g, and te s tin g .
W o rk re q u ir e s p r a c tic a l ap p lication o f te c h n ic a l kn ow ledge o f e le c tr o n ic s
p rin c ip le s , a b ility to d e te rm in e m a lfu n ctio n s, and s k ill to put equipm ent in re q u ire d o p era tin g condition.

Class B . A p p lies c o m p reh en sive te c h n ic a l k n o w led ge to s o lv e c o m p le x p ro b le m s (i. e . , th ose
that ty p ic a lly can be so lv e d s o le ly by p r o p e r ly in te r p r e tin g m a n u fa c tu re rs ' m anuals o r s im ila r
d o cu m en ts) in w ork in g on e le c tr o n ic equ ipm en t. W o rk in v o lv e s : A f a m ilia r it y w ith the in t e r r e la t io n ­
ships of c irc u its ; and judgm ent in d e te rm in in g w o rk sequ en ce and in s e le c tin g to o ls and te s tin g
in stru m en ts, usually le s s co m p lex than th o se used by the c la s s A tech n icia n .

T h e equipm ent— co n s is tin g o f e ith e r m any d iffe r e n t kinds o f c ir c u its o r m u ltip le re p e titio n of
the sam e kind o f c irc u it— in clu d es, but is not lim it e d to , the fo llo w in g :
(a ) E le c tr o n ic tra n s m ittin g
and r e c e iv in g equipm ent (e .g ., ra d a r, ra d io , t e le v is io n , telep h o n e, son ar, n a v ig a tio n a l a id s ), (b )
d ig ita l and analog com p u te rs , and (c ) in d u s tria l and m e d ic a l m e a s u rin g and c o n tro llin g equipm ent.

R e c e iv e s tech n ica l guidance, as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n , and
w o rk is r e v ie w e d fo r s p e c ific com p lia n ce w ith a cce p te d p r a c tic e s and w o rk a ssig n m en ts. M ay p ro v id e
te c h n ic a l guidance to lo w e r le v e l tech n icia n s.

T h is c la s s ific a tio n e x clu d es r e p a ir e r s o f such standard e le c tr o n ic equipm ent as com m on o ffic e
m achines and household ra d io and t e le v is io n s e ts ; produ ction a s s e m b le r s and te s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w hose
p rim a ry duty is s e r v ic in g e le c tr o n ic test in stru m en ts; tech n icia n s who have a d m in is tra tiv e o r
s u p e rv is o ry re s p o n s ib ility ; and d r a fte r s , d e s ig n e r s , and p r o fe s s io n a l e n g in e e rs .

G lass G . A p p lie s w orkin g te c h n ic a l k n ow led ge to p e r fo r m sim p le o r rou tin e tasks in w o rk in g
on e le c tr o n ic equipm ent, fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s w h ich c o v e r v ir tu a lly a ll p ro c e d u re s .
W ork
ty p ic a lly in vo lves such tasks as: A s s is tin g h ig h e r l e v e l tech n ic ia n s by p e r fo r m in g such a c t iv itie s as
r e p la c in g com ponents, w irin g c ir c u its , and takin g te s t re a d in g s ; r e p a ir in g s im p le e le c tr o n ic equipm ent;
and using to o ls and com m on te s t in stru m en ts (e .g ., m u ltim e te r s , audio sign a l g e n e r a to r s , tube te s t e r s ,
o s c illo s c o p e s ). Is not re q u ire d to be fa m ilia r w ith the in te r r e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u its . T h is k n o w led g e,
h o w e v e r , may be acq u ired through assign m en ts d es ig n e d to in c r e a s e co m p e te n c e (in clu d in g c la s s r o o m
t r a in in g ) so that w o r k e r can advance to h ig h e r l e v e l tech n icia n .

P o s itio n s a re c la s s ifie d in to le v e ls

on the b a sis o f the fo llo w in g d efin itio n s.

R e c e iv e s tech n ica l guidance, as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r l e v e l tech n icia n . W ork
is t y p ic a lly spot ch ecked, but is given d e ta ile d r e v ie w when new o r ad van ced a ssig n m en ts a re in v o lv e d .

C la s s A . A p p lie s advanced te c h n ic a l k n ow ledge to so lv e unusually c o m p le x p ro b le m s (i. e . ,
those that ty p ic a lly cannot be so lv e d s o le ly by
r e fe r e n c e to m a n u fa c tu re rs ' m anuals o r s im ila r
docu m ents) in w ork in g on e le c tr o n ic equipm ent.
E xa m p les o f such p ro b lem s in clu d e
loca tion and
density of c ir c u it r y , e le c tr o - m a g n e tic ra d ia tio n , is o la tin g m a lfu n ction s, and
freq u en t e n g in eerin g
changes.
W ork in v o lv e s :
A d e ta ile d understanding of the in te rre la tio n s h ip s of c ir c u its ; e x e r c is in g
independent ju dgm ent in p e r fo r m in g such tasks as m aking c ir c u it a n a ly ses, ca lcu la tin g w a ve fo r m s ,
tra cin g rela tio n s h ip s in s ig n a l flo w ; and r e g u la r ly using c o m p lex te s t in stru m en ts (e .g ., dual tr a c e
o s c illo s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , devia tion m e te r s , pu lse g e n e r a to r s ).
W o rk m ay be re v ie w e d by
com p lian ce w ith a ccep ted p r a c tic e s .

s u p e rv is o r
(fre q u e n tly an e n g in e e r o r d e s ig n e r )
M ay p ro v id e tech n ica l guidance to lo w e r l e v e l

fo r g e n e ra l
tech n icia n s.

N U R S E , IN D U S T R IA L (R e g is t e r e d )
A re g is te r e d nurse who g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e u nder g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ir e c tio n to i l l o r in ju re d
e m p lo y e e s or oth er p erso n s who b e c o m e i l l o r s u ffe r an accid en t on the p r e m is e s o f a fa c t o r y o r
o th e r estab lish m en t.
Duties in v o lv e a com b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t aid to the i l l o r
in ju red ; attending to subsequent d re s s in g of e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k eep in g r e c o r d s o f patien ts tre a te d ;
p re p a rin g accident re p o rts fo r com pen sation o r o th er p u rp o s e s ; a s s is tin g in p h y s ic a l exa m in a tio n s and
h ealth evalu ations of applicants and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y in g out p ro g r a m s in v o lv in g health
edu cation , accident p reven tio n , evalu ation o f plant e n v iro n m e n t, o r o th er a c t iv it ie s a ffe c tin g the h ealth,
w e lfa r e , and sa fety o f a ll p erson n el. N u rsin g s u p e r v is o r s o r head n u rses in esta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g
m o r e than one n u rse a re excluded.

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D PO W ERPLANT
B O IL E R T E N D E R

H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E TR A D E S

F ir e s sta tio n a ry b o ile r s to fu rn ish the e s ta b lish m en t in w h ich em p lo y e d w ith heat, p o w er,
o r steam .
F ee d s fu els to f ir e by hand o r o p e ra te s a m ech a n ica l s to k e r, g a s, o r o il b u rn er; and
checks w a te r and s a fe ty v a lv e s .
M ay clea n , o il, o r a s s is t in rep a irin g b o ile r r o o m equipm ent.

A s s is ts one o r m o re w o rk e rs in the s k ille d m a in ten an ce t r a d e s , by p e r fo r m in g s p e c ific o r
g e n e r a l duties o f le s s e r s k ill, such as k eep in g a w o r k e r supplied w ith m a t e r ia ls and to o ls ; clea n in g
w o rk in g area, m a ch in e, and equipm ent; a s s is tin g jo u rn ey m a n by holding m a te r ia ls o r to o ls ; and
p e r fo r m in g oth er u n sk illed tasks as d ir e c te d by jo u rn ey m a n . T h e kind o f w o rk the h e lp e r is p e rm itte d
to p e r fo r m v a r ie s fr o m tra d e to tra d e :
In so m e tra d e s the h e lp e r is c o n fin e d to su pplyin g, liftin g ,
and holding m a te r ia ls and to o ls , and clea n in g w o rk in g a r e a s ; and in oth e rs he is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m
s p e c ia liz e d m achine o p era tio n s, o r p a rts of a tra d e that a re a ls o p e r fo r m e d by w o r k e r s on a
fu ll- t im e basis.

C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r fo r m s the c a rp e n try duties n e c e s s a r y to co n stru ct and m aintain in good r e p a ir building
w oodw ork and equipm ent such as bin s, c r ib s , co u n ters, b en ch es, p a rtitio n s , d o o rs , f lo o r s , s ta ir s ,
ca s in g s , and t r im m ade o f w ood in an esta b lish m en t. W ork in v o lv e s m ost of the fo llo w in g : Planning
and layin g out o f w o rk fr o m b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s, m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in stru ctio n s; using a v a r ie t y of
c a rp e n te r's handtools, p o rta b le p o w e r to o ls , and standard m e a s u rin g in stru m en ts; m akin g standard
shop com putations re la tin g to dim en sion s of w o rk ; and s e le c tin g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y f o r the w o rk . In
g e n e ra l, the w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce c a r p e n te r re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e usually
acqu ired through a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r eq u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .
E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r fo r m s a v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic a l tra d e functions such as the in s ta lla tio n , m a in ten a n ce, o r
re p a ir o f equipm ent fo r the g e n e ra tio n , d is trib u tio n , o r u tiliza tio n o f e le c t r ic e n e rg y in an esta b lish m en t.
W ork in v o lv e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g : In s ta llin g o r re p a irin g any of a v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic a l equipm ent
such as g e n e r a to r s , tr a n s fo r m e r s , s w itch b o a rd s, c o n t r o lle r s , c ir c u it b r e a k e r s , m o to r s , heatin g units,
conduit s y s te m s , o r oth er tra n s m is s io n equ ipm en t; w o rk in g fr o m b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s, la yo u ts, o r
oth er s p e c ific a tio n s ; lo ca tin g and diagn osin g tro u b le in the e le c t r ic a l s y s te m o r equipm ent; w ork in g
standard com pu tations re la tin g to loa d re q u ire m e n ts o f w ir in g o r e le c t r ic a l equipm ent; and using a
v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic ia n 's handtools and m ea su rin g and te s tin g in stru m en ts. In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the
m aintenance e le c tr ic ia n r e q u ire s rounded tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e u su ally a cq u ired through a fo r m a l
ap p ren ticesh ip o r eq u ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .
E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O p era tes and m ain tain s and m ay a ls o s u p e rv is e the op era tion of sta tio n a ry en gin es and
equipm ent (m ech a n ica l o r e l e c t r ic a l) to supply the esta b lish m en t in w hich e m p lo y ed w ith p o w e r, heat,
r e fr ig e r a t io n , o r a ir-c o n d itio n in g .
W o rk in v o lv e s :
O p era tin g and m ain tain in g equ ipm ent such as
steam en g in es, a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a to r s , m o to r s , tu rb in es, v e n tila tin g and r e fr ig e r a t in g equ ipm en t,
steam b o ile r s and b o ile r - fe d w a te r pum ps; m aking equipm ent r e p a ir s ; and keepin g a r e c o r d of op era tion
o f m a c h in e ry , te m p e ra tu re , and fu e l consum ption.
M ay a lso s u p e rv is e th ese o p e ra tio n s .
H ead o r
c h ie f e n g in e e rs in e sta b lish m en ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one e n g in e e r a re exc lu d e d .




M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O L R O O M
S p e c ia liz e s in op eratin g one o r m o r e than one typ e of m a ch in e to o l (e .g ., j i g b o r e r , grin d in g
m a ch in e, engine lath e, m illin g m a ch in e) to m a ch in e m e ta l fo r use in m akin g o r m ain tain in g j ig s ,
fix tu r e s , cutting to o ls , gau ges, o r m e ta l d ies o r m o ld s used in shaping or fo r m in g m e ta l o r n o n m e ta llic
m a t e r ia l (e .g ., p la s tic , p la s te r , ru b b er, g la s s ). W o rk t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s :
P la n n in g and p e r fo r m in g
d iffic u lt m achining op era tion s which re q u ir e c o m p lic a te d setups o r a high d e g r e e o f a c c u ra c y ; settin g
up m ach in e to o l o r to o ls (e .g ., in s ta ll cutting to o ls and adjust gu id e s , stop s, w o rk in g ta b le s , and o th er
c o n tro ls to handle the s iz e of stock to be m ach in ed ; d e te rm in e p r o p e r fe e d s , sp e e d s , to o lin g , and
o p era tio n sequence o r s e le c t th ose p r e s c r ib e d in d ra w in g s , b lu e p rin ts , o r la y o u ts ); using a v a r ie t y of
p r e c is io n m easu rin g in stru m en ts; m aking n e c e s s a r y adju stm en ts du ring m ach in in g o p era tio n to a c h ieve
re q u is ite dim ensions to v e r y c lo s e to le r a n c e s . M a y be r e q u ir e d to s e le c t p r o p e r coola n ts and cu tting
and lu b rica tin g o ils , to r e c o g n iz e when t o o ls n eed d r e s s in g , and to d re s s t o o ls . In g e n e r a l, the w ork
o f a m a c h in e -to o l o p e ra to r, to o lr o o m , at the s k ill l e v e l c a lle d f o r in th is c la s s ific a tio n re q u ir e s
e x te n s iv e know ledge of m a ch in e-sh op and t o o lr o o m p r a c t ic e u su ally a c q u ire d throu gh c o n s id e r a b le
o n -th e -jo b tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .
F o r c r o s s -in d u s tr y w age study p u rp o s e s , th is c la s s ific a t io n does not
o p e r a to r s , to o lr o o m , em p lo y e d in t o o l-a n d -d ie jo b b in g shops.

in clu d e m a c h in e -to o l

M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E
P rod u ces rep la cem en t p a rts and new p a rts in m ak in g r e p a ir s o f m e ta l p a rts of m e c h a n ic a l
equ ipm ent operated in an esta b lish m en t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : in te r p r e tin g w ritte n
in stru ctio n s and s p e c ific a tio n s ; planning and la y in g out o f w o r k ; using a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in is t's handtools
and p r e c is io n m ea su rin g in stru m en ts; settin g up and o p e ra tin g stan d ard m ach in e to o ls ; shaping o f m e ta l

p a rts to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; m ak in g stan d ard shop com putations rela tin g to dim en sion s o f w o rk , to o lin g ,
fe e d s , and speeds o f m ach in in g; k n o w led g e o f the w o rk in g p r o p e r tie s of the com m on m e ta ls ; s e le c tin g
stan d ard m a te r ia ls , p a r ts , and equ ipm en t r e q u ire d fo r th is w o rk ; and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a rts into
m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent.
In g e n e r a l, the m a c h in is t's w o rk n o rm a lly re q u ire s a rounded tra in in g in
m a c h in e -s h o p p r a c tic e u su ally a c q u ire d throu gh a fo r m a l ap p ren ticesh ip o r e q u iva len t tra in in g
and e x p e rie n c e .

P a in ts and re d e c o r a te s w a lls , w o o d w o rk , and fix tu r e s o f an esta b lish m en t. W o rk in v o lv e s the
fo llo w in g : K n o w led ge o f s u rfa ce p e c u lia r itie s and ty p es o f paint r e q u ir e d fo r d iffe re n t a pplication s;
p re p a rin g s u rfa c e fo r painting by re m o v in g old fin is h o r by p la cin g putty o r f i l l e r in n a il h oles and
in t e r s t ic e s ; and applying paint w ith sp ra y gun o r brush. M a y m ix c o lo r s , o ils , w hite le a d , and other
paint in g re d ie n ts to obtain p r o p e r c o lo r o r co n s is te n c y .
In g e n e r a l, the w ork of the m aintenance
p a in te r re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e u su ally a c q u ired th rou gh a fo r m a l ap p ren ticesh ip o r
equ iva len t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M a in te n a n c e )
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a irs a u to m o b ile s , b u ses, m o to r tr u c k s , and t r a c to r s of an estab lish m en t.
W ork in v o lv e s
m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E xa m in in g a u to m o tive equipm ent to diagnose sou rce of tro u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g
equ ipm en t and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that in v o lv e the use o f such handtools as w re n c h e s , gau ges, d r ills ,
o r s p e c ia liz e d equ ipm en t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a rts ; re p la c in g broken oj* d e fe c tiv e p a rts fr o m
stock ; g rin d in g and ad ju stin g v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and in s ta llin g the v a rio u s a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le
and m ak in g n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm en ts; and alig n in g w h e e ls , adjusting b ra k es and lig h ts , o r tigh ten in g body
b o lts . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the au to m o tive m ech an ic re q u ir e s rounded train in g and e x p e rie n c e u su ally
a c q u ire d throu gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r eq u ivalen t tra in in g and exp e rie n c e .

T h is c la s s ific a tio n does, not in clu d e m ech an ics who re p a ir c u s to m e rs ' v e h ic le s in au tom obile
r e p a ir shops.

M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a irs m a c h in e ry o r m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent o f an esta b lish m en t. W ork in v o lv e s m o st o f the
fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent to diagnose source o f tro u b le ; d ism an tlin g
o r p a r tly d ism a n tlin g m a ch in es and p e r fo r m in g re p a irs that m a in ly in vo lve the use o f h an dtools in
sc ra p in g and fittin g p a rts ; r e p la c in g b rok en o r d e fe c tiv e p arts w ith item s obtained fr o m stock; o rd e rin g
the p rod u ction o f a re p la c e m e n t p a rt by a m ach in e shop o r sending o f the m achine to a m ach in e shop
fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s ; p re p a r in g w ritte n s p e c ific a tio n s fo r m a jo r re p a ir s o r fo r the produ ction o f p arts
o r d e r e d fr o m m a ch in e shops; re a s s e m b lin g m ach in es; and m aking a ll n e c e s s a r y adjustm ents fo r
o p e ra tio n . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk of a m ain ten an ce m ech an ic re q u ire s rounded tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e
u su ally a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r eq u ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e . E xclu d ed fr o m
th is c la s s ific a tio n a re w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y duties in v o lv e settin g up o r adjusting m ach in es.

M IL L W R IG H T
In s ta lls n ew m a ch in es o r h ea vy equ ipm en t, and d ism an tles and in s ta lls m a ch in es o r h eavy
equ ipm en t when ch an ges in the plant layou t a re re q u ire d .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g :
P la n n in g and la y in g out o f the w o rk ; in te r p r e tin g blu ep rin ts o r oth er s p e c ific a tio n s ; using a v a r ie t y of
h an dtools and rig g in g ; m ak in g stan d ard shop com putations rela tin g to s tre s s e s , stren gth o f m a t e r ia ls ,
and c e n te rs o f g r a v it y ; a lig n in g and b a la n cin g o f equipm ent; s electin g standard to o ls , equ ipm en t, and
p a rts to be used; and in s ta llin g and m a in ta in in g in good o r d e r p o w er tra n s m is s io n equipm ent such as
d r iv e s and sp eed re d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t 's w o rk n o rm a lly re q u ire s a rounded tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e in the tr a d e a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r equ ivalent tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .

In s ta lls o r re p a ir s w a te r , stea m , g a s , o r o th e r typ es o f pipe and p ip e fittin g s in an e s ta b lis h ­
m ent.
W o rk in v o lv e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g : L a y in g out o f w ork and m e a s u rin g to lo c a te position of
pipe fr o m d ra w in gs o r o th er w ritte n s p e c ific a tio n s ; cutting v a rio u s s iz e s of pipe to c o r r e c t lengths
w ith c h is e l and h a m m er o r o x y a c e ty le n e to rc h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a ch in es; th read in g pipe w ith stocks and
d ies; bending pipe by h a n d -d riven o r p o w e r -d r iv e n m a ch in es; a s s e m b lin g pipe w ith couplings and
fasten in g pipe to h a n g ers; m akin g standard shop com pu tation s r e la tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e of
pipe re q u ire d ; and m aking stan dard te s ts to d e te rm in e w h eth er fin is h e d pipes m eet s p e c ific a tio n s . In
g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce p ip e fitte r re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e usually
a c q u ire d throu gh a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r e q u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .
W o r k e r s p r im a r ily
en gaged in in s ta llin g and r e p a ir in g bu ilding san itation o r heating s y s te m s a re exclu d ed .
S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
F a b r ic a te s , in s ta lls , and m ain tain s in g ood r e p a ir the s h e e t-m e ta l equipm ent and fix tu re s (such
as m ach in e gu a rd s , g r e a s e pans, s h e lv e s , lo c k e r s , tanks, v e n tila to r s , chutes, ducts, m e ta l r o o fin g )
o f an e s ta b lish m en t. W o rk in v o lv e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Plan n in g and la y in g out a ll typ es o f sh eetm e ta l m ain ten an ce w o rk fr o m b lu e p rin ts , m o d e ls , o r oth er s p e c ific a tio n s ; settin g up and o p era tin g all
a v a ila b le ty p es o f s h e e t-m e ta l w o rk in g m a ch in es; using a v a r ie t y o f handtools in cutting, bending,
fo rm in g , shaping, fittin g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s ta llin g s h e e t-m e ta l a r t ic le s as re q u ire d . In g e n e ra l,
the w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e usually
a c q u ired th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r e q u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
C o n stru cts and re p a ir s
jig s , fix tu r e s , cutting to o ls , ga u ges, o r m e ta l d ies o r m old s used in
shaping o r fo rm in g m e ta l o r
n o n -m e ta llic m a te r ia l (e .g ., p la s tic , p la s te r , ru b b er, g la s s ).
W ork
ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s : Plan n in g and la y in g out w o rk a c c o rd in g to m o d e ls , b lu ep rin ts, d ra w in g s , o r oth er
w ritte n o r o r a l s p e c ific a tio n s ; u nderstanding the w o rk in g p r o p e r tie s o f com m on m e ta ls and a llo y s;
s e le c tin g a p p ro p ria te m a t e r ia ls , to o ls , and p r o c e s s e s r e q u ir e d to c o m p le te task; m aking n e c e s s a ry
shop com pu tation; settin g up and o p era tin g v a rio u s m ach in e to o ls and r e la te d equipm ent; using va rio u s
to o l and die m a k e r 's handtools and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in stru m en ts; w o rk in g to v e r y c lo s e to le ra n c e s ;
h e a t-tre a tin g m e ta l p a rts and
fin is h e d to o ls and d ies to a c h ie v e re q u ire d q u a litie s ; fittin g and
a ssem b lin g p a rts to p r e s c r ib e d
to le r a n c e s and a llo w a n ces. In g e n e r a l, to o l and die m a k e r 's w ork
re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g in m a ch in e-sh o p and to o lr o o m p r a c tic e u su ally a cq u ired throu gh fo r m a l
a p p ren ticesh ip o r equ iva len t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .
F o r c r o s s -in d u s tr y w a ge study p u rp o ses, th is c la s s ific a tio n does not include to o l and die
m a k ers who (1 ) a re e m p lo y ed in to o l and die job b in g shops o r (2 ) prod u ce fo r g in g d ies (d ie s in k ers).

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
G UARD AND W A TC H M E N

L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L H A N D L IN G

G u a rd . P e r f o r m s rou tin e p o lic e d u ties, e ith e r at fix e d post or on to u r, m ain tain in g o r d e r ,
using, a rm s o r fo r c e w h e re n e c e s s a r y .
In clu d es guards who a re stationed at gate and ch eck on
id e n tity o f e m p lo y e e s and o th e r p e rs o n s e n te r in g .

A w o r k e r em p lo y e d in a w a ie h o u s e , m an u factu rin g plant, s to r e , o r oth er esta b lish m en t whose
duties in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : L o a d in g and unloading v a rio u s m a te r ia ls and m erch a n d ise
on o r fr o m fr e ig h t c a r s , tru c k s , o r oth er tra n s p o rtin g d e v ic e s ; unpacking, sh elvin g, o r placin g
m a te r ia ls o r m e rc h a n d is e in p r o p e r s to ra g e lo c a tio n ; and tra n s p o rtin g m a te r ia ls o r m erch a n d ise by
handtruck, c a r , o r w h e e lb a rro w . L o n g s h o re w o r k e r s , who load and unload ships a re e x c lu d e d .

W atch m an .
and i lle g a l en try.

M a k es

rounds o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p ro tectin g p ro p e rty again st f i r e , th eft,

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R

C lea n s and k eep s in an o r d e r ly con d ition fa c to r y w o rk in g area s and w a s h ro o m s , o r p r e m is e s
o f an o ffic e , apartm en t h ou se, o r c o m m e r c ia l o r oth er esta b lish m en t. Duties in v o lv e a com b in ation o f
the fo llo w in g : S w eep in g, m oppin g o r scru b b in g, and p olish in g flo o r s ; rem ovin g ch ip s, tra s h , and o th er
re fu s e ; dusting eq u ip m en t, fu rn itu re , o r fix tu r e s ; p olish in g m e ta l fix tu re s o r tr im m in g s ; pi >viding
su p p lies and m in o r m ain ten an ce s e r v ic e s ; and clean in g la v a t o r ie s , sh o w ers, and r e s tr o o m s . V o r k e r s
w ho s p e c ia liz e in w in dow w ash in g a re e x c lu d e d .




ORDER F IL L E R
F ills shipping o r tr a n s fe r o r d e r s fo r fin is h e d goods fr o m s to re d m erch a n d ise in a ccord an ce
w ith s p e c ific a tio n s on s a le s s lip s , c u s to m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r oth er in s tru c tio n s .
M ay, in addition to
fillin g o r d e r s and in d ica tin g ite m s f ille d o r o m itte d , k eep re c o r d s o f outgoing o r d e r s , req u isitio n
ad d ition al stock o r re p o rt sh ort su p p lies to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r fo r m o th er r e la te d duties.
P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d prod u cts fo r shipm ent o r s to ra g e by p la cin g th em in shipping co n ta in ers,
the s p e c ific o p era tio n s p e r fo r m e d b ein g dependent upon the ty p e , s iz e , and num ber o f units to be
p acked, the typ e o f co n ta in er e m p lo y e d , and m eth od o f shipm ent. W o rk re q u ir e s the p lacin g of item s
in shipping c o n ta in e rs and m ay in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : K n ow led ge o f v a rio u s ite m s of

stock in o r d e r to v e r if y content; s e le c tio n o f a p p ro p ria te typ e and s iz e o f co n ta in er; in s e rtin g
en c lo s u re s in c o n ta in e r; using e x c e ls io r o r o th e r m a t e r ia l to p re v e n t b re a k a g e o r dam age; c lo s in g and
s ea lin g c o n ta in er; and applying la b e ls o r e n te rin g id e n tify in g data on c o n ta in e r. P a c k e r s who a ls o m ake
wooden b oxes o r c r a te s are exclu d ed .

fo llo w s :

F o r w a ge study p u rp o s e s ,

w o r k e r s a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

R e c e iv in g c le r k
Shipping c le r k
Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k

T R U C K D R IV E R
D r iv e s a tru ck w ith in a c ity o r in d u s tria l a re a to tra n s p o rt m a t e r ia ls , m e rc h a n d is e , equ ipm en t,
o r w o rk e rs betw een v a r io u s typ es .pf e sta b lish m en ts such as: M an u factu rin g p lan ts, fr e ig h t d ep ots,
w a reh o u ses, w h o le s a le and r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r b etw een r e t a il esta b lis h m e n ts and c u s to m e r s '
houses o r p la c e s o f b u sin ess.
M a y a ls o lo a d o r unload tru ck w ith o r w ithout h e lp e r s , m ake m in o r
m ech a n ica l r e p a ir s , and keep tru ck in good w ork in g o r d e r .
S a le s -r o u te and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s
a re exclu ded.




as

T r u c k d r iv e r (com bin ation o f s iz e s lis t e d s e p a r a te ly )
T r u c k d r iv e r , ligh t (under lVz to n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , m ediu m (IV 2 to and in clu d in g 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h eavy (o v e r 4 ton s, t r a i l e r ty p e )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h eavy (o v e r 4 ton s, o th e r than t r a i l e r ty p e )

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e rc h a n d is e fo r sh ip m en t, o r r e c e iv e s and is re s p o n s ib le fo r in co m in g shipm ents
o f m erch a n d ise o r o th er m a t e r ia ls .
Shipping w o rk in v o lv e s : A k n ow led ge o f shipping p r o c e d u re s ,
p r a c tic e s , ro u te s , a v a ila b le m eans o f tra n s p o rta tio n , and ra te s ; and p re p a rin g r e c o r d s o f the goods
shipped, m aking up b ills o f la d in g, postin g w eigh t and shipping c h a r g e s , and k eep in g a file o f shipping
r e c o rd s . M a y d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p re p a rin g the m e rc h a n d is e fo r shipm ent. R e c e iv in g w o rk in v o lv e s :
V e r ify in g o r d ire c tin g oth e rs in v e r ify in g the c o r r e c tn e s s o f shipm ents a ga in st b ills o f la d in g , in v o ic e s ,
o r other r e c o r d s ; ch eckin g fo r sh o rta g e s and r e je c tin g d am aged go o d s; routing m e rc h a n d is e or
m a te r ia ls to p r o p e r d ep a rtm en ts; and m ain tain in g n e c e s s a r y re c o r d s and file s .

F o r w a ge study p u rp o ses, t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c la s s ifie d b y s iz e and ty p e o f equ ip m en t,
(T r a c t o r - t r a ile r should be ra ted on the b a s is o f t r a i l e r c a p a c ity .)

T R U C K E R , POW ER

goods

O perates a m anu ally c o n tro lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic - p o w e r e d tru ck o r t r a c t o r to tra n s p o rt
and m a te ria ls of a ll kinds about a w a re h o u s e , m a n u fa ctu rin g plant, o r o th e r esta b lis h m e n t.
F o r w age study p u rp o ses,

w ork ers

a r e c la s s ifie d b y ty p e o f tru c k ,

as fo llo w s :

T r u c k e r , p o w er (fo r k lift )
T r u c k e r , p o w er (o th e r than fo r k lift )
W AREHOUSEM AN
A s d ire c te d , p e r fo r m s a v a r ie ty of w a reh o u sin g duties w h ich r e q u ir e an u nderstanding of
the esta b lis h m e n t's sto ra g e p la n . W ork in v o lv e s m ost of the fo llo w in g : V e r ify in g m a t e r ia ls fo r
m e rc h a n d is e ) against re c e iv in g docum ents, notin g and r e p o rtin g d is c r e p a n c ie s and o b viou s d a m a ges;
rou tin g m a te r ia ls to p r e s c r ib e d sto ra g e lo c a tio n s ; s to r in g , s ta ck in g , o r p a lle tiz in g m a te r ia ls in
a c co rd a n ce w ith p r e s c r ib e d s to ra g e m eth od s; re a r r a n g in g and ta k in g in v e n to ry o f s to r e d m a t e r ia ls ;
ex a m in in g stored m a te r ia ls and rep o rtin g d e te r io r a tio n and d a m a ge; re m o v in g m a t e r ia l fr o m s to ra g e
and p re p a rin g it fo r shipm ent. M ay op e ra te hand o r p o w e r tru c k s in p e r fo r m in g w a reh o u sin g duties.
E xclu de w o r k e r s w hose p r im a r y du ties in v o lv e shipping and r e c e iv in g w o rk (s e e shipping and
r e c e iv in g c le rk and p a c k e r, sh ippin g), o r d e r fillin g (s e e o r d e r f i l l e r ) , o r o p e ra tin g p o w e r tru ck s (s e e
tr u c k e r , p o w e r).

Area W age Surveys
A l is t o f the la te s t a v a ila b le b u lle tin s o r b u lletin supplem ents is presen ted b elow .
A d ir e c t o r y o f a r e a w a ge studies including m o r e lim ite d stu dies conducted at the req u est o f the E m ploym en t
Standards A d m in is tr a tio n o f the D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on req u est.
B u lletin s m a y be p u rchased fr o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l o ffic e s shown on the back c o v e r .
B u lletin supplem ents m ay be
obtain ed w ithout co st, w h e re in d ica ted , fr o m B L S re g io n a l o ffic e s .

A rea

B u lletin num ber
and p r ic e *

A k ro n , O h io, D e c . 1974 _______________________ _ __________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
A lban y—Schenectady—T r o y , N .Y ., Sept. 1974 ___________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
A lb u q u erq u e, N . M e x ,, M a r . 1974 2 ______________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
F ree
A llen tow rv-B eth leh em —E aston , P a .—N .J ., M a y 1974 2 ___________________________________ Suppl.
A n a h eim —
Santa Ana— a rd en G r o v e , C a lif., O ct. 1 974 1 ________________________________ 1850-9, 85 cents
G
A tla n ta , G a „ M a y 19751 ___________________________________________________________________ 1850-25, $1.00
A u stin , T e x ., D ec. 1974 ___________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
B a ltim o r e , M d ., A u g. 1974________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
B eaum ont— o r t A rth u r—O ra n g e , T e x ., M a y 1974 2 ____________________________________ Suppl.
P
F ree
B illin g s , M on t., Ju ly 19741 _______________________________________________________________ 1850-6, 75 cents
F ree
B ingham ton, N .Y .—P a ., J u ly 1974 ________________________________________________________ Suppl.
B irm in g h a m , A la ., M a r . 1975_____________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
B oston , M a s s ., A u g. 1974 _________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
F ree
B u ffa lo , N .Y ., O ct. 1974 ___________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
Canton, O h io, M ay 197 5 ___________________________________________ _______________________ Suppl.
F ree
F ree
C h a r le s to n , W . V a . , M a r . 1974 2 _________________________________________________________ Suppl.
C h a rlo tte , N .C ., Jan. 1974 2 ________________ _____ _________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
C hattanooga, Term .—G a., Sept. 1974 _____________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
C h ic a g o , 111., M a y 1975_____________________________________________________________________ 1850-33, 85 cen ts
F ree
C in cin n a ti, O hio— y*—
K
Ind., F e b . 1975 ___________________________________________________Suppl.
C le v e la n d , O hio, Sept. 1974 1 __________________________________ _ ________________________ 1850-17, $1.00
_
Colu m bu s, O hio, O ct. 1974 _________________________ _____________________ _______________ Suppl.
F ree
C orp u s C h r is ti, T e x ., J u ly 1975______________ —__________ —_____________________________ 1850-37, 65 cen ts
D a lla s—F o r t W orth , T e x ., O c t. 1974 ______________ ___________________________________ __ Suppl.
F ree
D a ven p ort—R o c k Island—M o lin e , I o w a - I ll., F e b . 1975 __________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
D ayton , O h io, D ec. 1974 1__________________________________________________________________ 1850-14, 80 cents
D ayton a B each , F la ., A u g. 1974 1___________________ _________________ ___________________ 1850- 1, 75 cents
D e n v e r—B o u ld e r, C o lo ., D e c . 1974 1 ______ _____ ____________ ___ _________________________ 1850- 15, 85 cents
D es M o in e s , Iow a, M a y 1974 2 ____________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
D e tr o it, M ic h ., M a r . 1975_________________________________________________________________ 1850-22, 85 cents
F o r t L a u d e rd a le —H o lly w o o d and W e s t P a lm B ea ch —
B o c a R a ton , F la . , A p r . 1975 1___________________________________________________________ 1850-26, 80 cents
F r e s n o , C a l i f . 1 3 __________________________________ ________________________________________
G a in e s v ille , F la ., Sept. 1974 1 ____________________________________________________ _______ 1850- 11, 7 5 cents
G re e n B ay, W is ., J u ly 1974__________________________________________________ _______ _____ Suppl.
F ree
G r e e n s b o ro — in s to n -S a le m — igh P o in t, N .C ., A u g. 19741 ___________________________ 1850-2, 80 cents
W
H
G r e e n v ille , S .C ., June 1975 ________________________________________________________________ 1850-42, 65 cen ts
H a r tfo r d , C onn., M a r . 1975 1 ____________________________________ ______________________ __ 1850-28, 80 cents
H ouston, T e x ., A p r . 1975________________________ ____ _____________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
H u n ts v ille , A la ., F e b . 1975 ________________________________ ___ ______________ _____________ Suppl.
F ree
In d ia n a p o lis, In d., O c t. 1974 ______________________________________________________________Suppl.
F ree
J a ck son , M is s ., F eb . 1975_____________________________________________ _______________ ___ Suppl.
F ree
J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., D e c . 1974 _____________________________________ _______________________ Suppl.
F ree
K a n s a s C ity , M o .— an s., Sept. 1974 ____________________________________________________ Suppl.
K
F ree
L a w r e n e e - H a v e r h ill, M a s s .—N .H ., June 1974 2 ______________________ __________________ Suppl.
F re e
L e x in g to n - F a y e tte , K y ., N o v . 1 974 __________________________________ ____________________ Suppl.
F ree
L o s A n g e le s —L o n g B ea ch , C a lif., O c t. 1 974 ___________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
L o u is v ille , K y .—Ind., N o v . 1974 1 _________________________________________________________ 1850- 12, 80 cents
L u bbock, T e x ., M a r . 1974 2 _________________________ _______________________ ___ ___________ Suppl.
F ree
C
M e lb o u rn e —Titu s v i l l e — o c o a , F la ., A u g. 1974 1 ________________________________________ 1850- 5, 75 cents
M e m p h is , Tenn.—A rk *— is s ., N o v . 1974
M
_____________________________ _____________ __ Suppl.
F ree
M ia m i, F la ., O c t. 1 974 __________ ______ ___________________ '______________________________ Suppl.
F ree
*
1
2
3

Prices are determined by the Government Printing O ffice and are subject to change.
Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
No longer surveyed.
T o be surveyed.




A rea

B u lletin number
and p ric e *

M idland and O d essa , T e x . , Jan. 1974 2 ____________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
M ilw a u k ee, W is ., A p r . 19751________________________________________________________________ 1850-21, 85 cents
M inne apolis—St. P a u l, Minn.—W is ., J an 1 97 5 1 ____________________________________________ 1850-20, $1.05
M uskegon—M uskegon H eigh ts, M ic h ., June 1974 2 __ _____________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
N assau — u ffolk, N .Y ., June 1975 1__________________________________________________________ 1850-39, $1.00
S
N e w a rk , N .J ., J an. 1 97 5 1____________________________________________________________________ 1850- 18, $1.00
F ree
N e w a rk and J e r s ey C ity , N .J ., J an. 1974 2 _______________________________________________ Suppl.
N ew H aven, C onn., J an. 1974 ______________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
N ew O rle a n s , L a . , J an. 197 5 _______________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
N ew Y o r k , N . Y ^ N . J . 1 3______________________________________________________________________
N ew Y o r k and N assau—S u ffolk, N .Y ., A p r . 1974 2 ________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
N o rfo lk —V ir g in ia Beach—P o rts m o u th , Va*—N .C ., M a y 1975 ____________________________ 1850-29, 65 cents
N o rfo lk —V ir g in ia B each—P o rtsm o u th and N e w p o rt N ew s—
H am pton, V a .- N .C ., M a y 1975 ____________________________________________________________ 1850-30, 65 cents
N o rth e a s t P en n s y lv a n ia , A u g . 1974 1 _______________________________________________________ 1850-8, 80 cents
O klah om a C ity , O k la ., A u g. 19741 _________________________________________________________ 1850-7, 80 cents
O m aha, N e b r ^ Io w a , O ct. 1974 1 ................................................................................................ 1850- 10, 80 cents
P a te rs o n —C lifto n —P a s s a ic , N .J ., June 1975 1______________________________________________ 1850-38, 80 cents
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a ^ N . J . , N o v . 1974 _________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
P h o e n ix , A r i z . , June 1 974 2 _________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
F ree
P itts b u rg h , P a ., Jan. 1975 _________________________________________ _________________________ Suppl.
P o rtla n d , M ain e, N o v . 1974__________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
P o rtla n d , O r e g .- W a s h ., M a y 1975___________________________________________________________ 1850-40, 75 cents
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N . Y . 1 3________________________________________________________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie -K in g s to n -N e w b u rg h , N .Y ., June 1974 ____________________________________Suppl.
F ree
P r o v id e n c e — a rw ick —P a w tu ck et, R .I*—M a s s ., June 1975 ______________________________ 1850-27, 75 cents
W
R a le ig h — urham , N .C ., F e b . 1975 _________________________________________________________ Suppl.
D
F ree
R ich m on d , V a ., June 1975 ____________________________________________ ______________________ 1850-41, 65 cents
R o c k fo rd , 111., June 19742 ______________________________________________________ ____________ Suppl.
F ree
St. L o u is , M o ^ -Ill., M a r . 1975 ______________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
S a cra m en to , C a lif., D e c . 19741 ____________________________________________________________ 1850- 19, 80 cents
Saginaw , M ic h ., N o v . 19741__________________________________________________________________ 1850- 16, 75 cents
S alt L a k e C ity -O g d e n , U tah, N o v . 1974 ___________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
San A n ton io, T e x ., M a y 1975 ________ _______________________________________________________ 1850-23, 65 cents
San D ie g o , C a lif., N o v . 19741 ________________________________________________________________ 1850-13, 80 cents
San F r a n c is c o — akland, C a lif., M a r. 1975 1_______________________________________________ 1850-35, $1.00
O
San J o s e , C a lif., M a r. 1975 1_________________________________________________________________ 1850-36, 85 cents
Savannah, G a „ M a y 1974 2 __ ________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
S ea ttle—E v e r e t t , W ash ., Jan. 1975 _________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
South Bend, Ind., M a r . 1975 _________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
Spokane, W ash ., June 1974 2 ___ ___________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
S y ra c u s e , N .Y ., July 1975____________________________________________________________________ 1850-43, 65 cents
T o le d o , O hio— ic h ., M a y 1975 1
M
____________________________________________________________ 1850-34, 80 cents
T re n to n , N .J ., Sept. 1974 ______________ _____ ______ ____ ____________ __ ____ _________________Suppl.
F ree
U tic a - R o m e , N . Y . 1 3 _____ ____________________________________________________________________
W ash in gton , D .C ^ M d .- V a ., M a r . 19751____________________________________________________ 1850-31, $1.00
W a te rb u ry , C onn., M a r . 1974 2 ____ ________________ ______________________ __ _______________ Suppl.
F ree
W e s tc h e s te r County, N . Y . 1 3 __________________________________________ __________ __________
W ic h ita , K a n s ., A p r . 1975__ __ ______________________________ ______________________________ Suppl.
F ree
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., M a y 1975 1 _____ ________________________ ________________________________ 1850-24, 80 cents
Y o r k . P a ., F e b . 19751 _______________________________________________________________________ 1850-32, 80 cents
You n gstow n — a r r e n , O h io, N o v . 1973 2 ______________ ______ ______________________________Suppl.
W
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THIRD CLASS MAIL
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
POSTAGE AND FEES PAID

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20212

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

OFFICIAL BUSINESS
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LAB-441

(

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S
Region I

Region II

1603 J F K Federal Building
Governm ent Center
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Suite 3400
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1.
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