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AREA WAGE SURVEY

Greenville—Spartanburg, South Carolina, Metropolitan Area,
June 1975
Bulletin 1850-42




N .C A R .

DO ENT raiMOKJN
CUM
DEC*

1S75

Dayton & :..jmtgonieijtCa,
Public Ubraty.

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
_
Bureau of Labor Statistics




Preface
This bulletin provides results of a June 1975 survey of occupational earnings in the
Greenville—
Spartanburg, South Carolina, Standard Metropolitan Statistical A rea (Greenville,
Pickens, and Spartanburg Counties), The survey was made as part of the Bureau of Labor
Statistics' annual area wage survey program. The program is designed to yield data for
individual metropolitan areas, as well as national and regional estimates for all Standard
Metropolitan Statistical Areas in the United States, excluding Alaska and Hawaii,
A major consideration in the area wage survey program is the need to describe the
level and movement of wages in a variety of labor m arkets, through the analysis of (1) the
level and distribution of wages by occupation, and (2) the movement of wages by occupational
category and skill level. The program develops information that may be used for many
purposes, including wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and assistance
in determining plant location. Survey results also are used by the U.S. Department of
Labor to make wage determinations under the Service Contract A ct of 1965.
Currently, 82 areas are included in the program. (See list of areas on inside back
cover.) In each area, occupational earnings data are collected annually. Information on
establishment practices and supplementary wage benefits is obtained every third year.
Each year after all individual area wage surveys have been completed, two summary
bulletins are issued. The first brings together data for each metropolitan area surveyed. The
second summary bulletin presents national and regional estim ates, projected from individual
metropolitan area data.
The Greenville—
Spartanburg survey was conducted by the Bureau's regional office in
Atlanta, G a „ under the general direction of Donald M . Cruse, Associate A ssistant Regional
Director for Operations. The survey could not have been accomplished without the cooperation
of the many firm s whose wage and salary data provided the basis for the statistical infor­
mation in this bulletin. The Bureau wishes to express sincere appreciation for the cooperation
received.

AREA WAGE SURVEY

B u lle tin 1 8 5 0 - 4 2

U.S. D E P A R T M E N T OF LA BO R, John T . Dunlop, Secretary

October 1975

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S , Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

Greenville—Spartanburg, South Carolina, Metropolitan Area, June 1975
CONTENTS

Pag

Introduction_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

2

Tables:
A . Earnings:
A - l , Weekly earnings of office workers________________________________________________________________________________________
A -2 . Weekly earnings of professional and technical w orkers________________________________________________________________
A -3 . Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by s e x ____________________________________
A -4 . Hourly earnings of maintenance and powerplant w orkers_______________________________________________________________
A -5 , Hourly earnings of custodial and material movement w orkers_________________________________________________________
A -6 . Average hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant, custodial, and material movement workers, by se x ________
A -7 . Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts..

3
5
6
7
8
10
11

Appendix A , Scope and method of survey_______________________________________________________________________________________________
Appendix B, Occupational descriptions_________________________________________________________________________________________________

12
14




For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U .S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. 20402, GPO Bookstores, or
BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover. Price 65 cents. Make checks payable to Superintendent of Documents.

Introduction
and material movement. In the 31 largest survey areas, tables A -l a
through A -6a provide similar data for establishments employing 500
workers or more.

This area is 1 of 82 in which the U.S. Department of Labor's
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings and
related benefits on an areawide basis. In this area, data were ob­
tained by a combination of personal visit, mail questionnaire, and
telephone interview. Representative establishments within six broad
industry divisions were contacted: Manufacturing; transportation, com­
munication, and other other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail
trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major industry
groups excluded from these studies are government operations and
the construction and extractive industries. Establishments having fewer
than a prescribed number of workers are omitted because of insufficient
employment in the occupations studied. Separate tabulations are provided
for each of the broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

Following the occupational wage tables is table A - 7 which
provides percent changes in average earnings of office clerical work­
e rs, electronic data processing workers, industrial nurses, skilled
maintenance workers, and unskilled plant workers. This measure of
wage trends eliminates changes in average earnings caused by employ­
ment shifts among establishments as well as turnover of establishments
included in survey samples. Where possible, data are presented for sill
industries, manufacturing, and nonmanufacturing. Appendix A discusses
this wage trend measure.

A -series tables

Appendixes

Tables A - 1 through A -6 provide estimates of straight-time
hourly or weekly earnings for workers in occupations common to a
variety of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupations
were selected from the following categories: (a) Office clerical, (b) pro­
fessional and technical, (c) maintenance and powerplant, and (d) custodial

This bulletin has two appendixes. Appendix A describes the
methods and concepts used in the area wage survey program and
provides information on the scope of the survey. Appendix B provides
job descriptions used by Bureau field economists to classify workers in
occupations for which straight-time earnings information is presented.




Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
umber
O c c u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n
orkere

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f —
s

weekly
(standard)

Meant

Median ^

Middle ranged

s

70
and
u n d er
75

s

S

$

S

S

S

S

S

$

S

$

$

$

$

S

l

S

$

$

75

80

85

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

2 30

240

250

80

85

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

2 00

210

220

230

2 40

250

260

4

8

2

*

*

”

*

2

**

“

-

8
5
3

4
3
1

3
1
2

3
3

1
1

-

*

-

2
2

•

1
1
*

ALL WORKERS
BILLERS. MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------------

26

3 7 .5

$
1 1 0 .5 0

$
1 1 5 .0 0

$
$
8 0 .0 0 - 1 2 5 .0 0

a

4

*

”

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
CLASS B -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------

<,4
40

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

1 0 5 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0

1 0 4 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0

9 7 .0 0 -1 0 6 .0 0
9 7 .0 0 -1 0 5 .0 0

-

*

*

13
13

24
24

1
■

4
1

1
1

1
1

CLERKS. ACCOUNTING. CLASS A --MANUFACTURING --------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------

273
1 24
1 49

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

1 3 6 .5 0
1 4 3 .0 0
1 3 1 .5 0

1 3 7 .0 0
1 3 8 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0

1 1 9 .5 0 -1 5 6 .5 0
1 2 8 .0 0 -1 5 9 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0 -1 5 5 .5 0

-

.
-

-

.
-

-

-

-

-

4
4

56
1
55

10
6
4

36
29
7

50
27
23

26
19
7

37
15
22

33
18
lb

CLERKS. ACCOUNTING, CLASS b --MANUFACTURING --------------NONMANUFACTURING ----- ------

424
2 30
1 94

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 1 8 .0 0
1 2 0 .5 0
1 1 5 .5 0

1 1 8 .0 0
1 1 8 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0

1 0 6 .0 0 -1 3 0 .0 0
1 1 1 .5 0 -1 2 6 .0 0
9 6 .0 0 -1 3 0 .0 0

4
4

l
l

13
13

15
1
14

31
7
24

66
42
24

100
73
27

81
52
29

56
27
29

25
16
9

19
6
13

13
6
7

CLERKS. FILE, CLASS C ----------

35

3 8 .5

9 5 .0 0

9 3 .0 0

9 0 .0 0 -1 0 0 .0 0

-

l

2

3

19

7

2

1

CLERKS, OROER ------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------

45
40

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 1 .0 0
1 1 8 .5 0

1 1 4 .0 0
1 1 4 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0 -1 3 2 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0 -1 3 2 .0 0

-

•

_

-

-

-

-

*

4
4

10
10

10
10

2
2

10
8

6
4

1
-

*

CLERKS, PAYROLL ----------------MANUFACTURING --------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------

1 53
104
49

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 2 6 .5 0
1 2 9 .0 0
1 2 1 .5 0

1 2 3 .5 0
1 3 1 .0 0
1 2 2 .0 0

1 1 1 .0 0 -1 3 5 .5 0
1 1 6 .5 0 -1 3 6 .5 0
1 1 0 .5 0 -1 2 8 .0 0

.
-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

4
4

20
12
8

26
20
6

39
19
20

35
33
2

13
6
7

9
8
1

2
2
*

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A --MANUFACTURING ---------------

55
36

3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 7 .5 0
1 2 9 .5 0

1 2 6 .0 0
1 2 6 .0 0

1 1 9 .5 0 -1 3 1 .0 0
1 2 3 .0 0 -1 3 3 .5 0

.
*

-

-

-

-

-

15
6

22
15

10
8

5
4

3
3

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS. CLASS B --MANUFACTURING --------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------

268
213
75

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 1 6 .5 0
1 1 6 .5 0
1 1 5 .5 0

1 1 5 .0 0
1 1 4 .5 0
1 1 5 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0 -1 2 7 .0 0
1 0 7 .0 0 -1 2 6 .5 0
9 5 .0 0 -1 2 7 .5 0

.
-

.
•

_

-

-

35
9
26

68
61
7

77
60
17

56
44
12

36
28
8

3
3

-

2
2
-

7
6
1

-

-

4

-

1

11

18

6

-

2

1

-

17
5
12

25
4
21

46
35
11

121
102
19

152
115
37

161
111
50

-

-

-

1
1

2
2

-

-

3
-

.

-

MESSENGERS ----------------------

43

3 9 .5

1 1 1 .0 0

1 1 0 .0 0

1 0 2 .0 0 -1 1 6 .0 0

SECRETARIES --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------

815
568
247

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

1 4 7 .0 0
1 4 5 .0 0
1 5 1 .0 0

1 4 2 .0 0
1 4 1 .0 0
1 4 2 .5 0

1 2 9 .0 0 -1 6 1 .0 0
1 2 8 .5 0 -1 5 9 .5 0
1 2 9 .0 0 -1 6 7 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS A --------MANUFACTURING ---------------

47
35

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 8 8 .0 0
1 8 0 .0 0

1 8 3 .5 0
1 7 8 ,5 0

1 7 1 .5 0 -2 0 1 .5 0
1 7 0 .5 0 -2 0 0 .0 0

SECRETARIES. CLASS B --------MANUFACTURING --------------NONMANUFACTURING ------ -----

130
71
59

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

1 6 6 .5 0
1 6 7 .5 0
1 6 5 .0 0

1 6 7 .0 0
1 6 8 .5 0
1 5 1 .5 0

1 4 5 .0 0 -1 8 1 .5 0
1 5 2 .0 0 -1 8 1 .0 0
1 4 0 .5 0 -1 8 0 .0 0

SECRETARIES. CLASS C --------MANUFACTURING --------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------

284
192
92

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

1 4 7 .0 0
1 4 6 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0

1 4 4 .0 0
1 4 4 .0 0
1 4 2 .5 0

1 3 2 .5 0 -1 6 0 .0 0
1 3 3 .0 0 -1 5 7 .5 0
1 2 9 .0 0 -1 7 7 .0 0

-

*

-

SECRETARIES. CLASS 0 --------M A N U F A C TURING -------- -----NONMANUFACTURING ------------

354
2 70
84

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

1 3 4 .0 0
1 3 4 .5 0
1 3 3 .0 0

1 3 3 .5 0
1 3 4 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0

1 2 3 .0 0 -1 4 3 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0 -1 4 2 .0 0
1 0 7 .5 0 -1 4 9 .5 0

•
-

•
•

-

“

-

-

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL -------MANUFACTURING --------------NONMANUFACTURING -------- ---

1 19

39.5 1 2 4 .5 0 1 2 0 .0 0
4 0 . 0 114.0(1 1 1 4 .0 0
39.5 1 3 2 .5 0 1 2 4 .5 0

1 1 2 .5 0 -1 3 2 .5 0
1 0 5 . 0 0 - 1 1 7 . 5C
1 1 7 .0 0 -1 4 4 .0 0

•
-

49
70

-

_

2
1
1




2
2
-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

4

-

“

*

*

*

77
54
23

73
59
14

48
42
6

28
14
14

22
12
10

23
13
10

3
2
1

12
12

2
2

-

5
5

4
3

3
2

12
10

4
3

4
3

10
9

2
2

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
-

26
8
18

13
7
6

21
14
7

18
15

9
9
*

8
2
6

_
“

6
6

2
2

.
-

3

10
9
1

*

13
2
11

9
9

3
2
1

•

*

-

.
-

-

2
2

1
1

-

2
2

1
•
1

4
4

•

.
-

.
-

"

-

-

2

1

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14
4
10

-

11
8

*

7
7

39
25
14

54
41
13

62
46
16

35
26
9

33

-

.
-

27
6

16
15
1

.
*

17
5
12

18
4
14

35
27
8

78
73

82
68
14

73
57
16

25
18
7

16
16
*

2
2
-

19

29

16

7

7

22

6

12

7

25
5
20

6

-

8
8

6

6

7

•

7
9

*

4

-

•

.
“

-

-

5

.
*

•

-

•

*

-

-

3

*

-

-

-

-

“

.
*

.

'
See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .

.
*

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

3

•

*

-

_

2
2

-

'

**
'

-

Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

O cc u p a tio n and in d u str y d iv is io n

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f ---

s

$

Average
Number (
weekly
of
worker*
(standard)

S

i

S

s

*------- S
S
1 -------5
130
120
140
150 160

s

M ean2

M edian2

75

80

85

90

lo o

110

s

-------- 5
1 --------- 1--------- 5-------- S
220
230
240
250
2 00
210

80

85

90

100

no

120

1 70

180

s------190

170

180

190

2 00

2 10

220

2 30

12

70

12

-

i

-

.

-

1

-

and
u n d er

Middle range

75

130

140

150

160

240

2 50

2 60

ALL WORKERS-CONTINUED
$

$

$

$

^ .0
.

*

1

40

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSNUNnAI’lUr A t 1 UK I N v

1 57
94
63

1 2 1 .0 0
3 9 .5

1 1 6 .0 0

1 0 3 . 5 0 - 1 3 7 . a0

1 1 4 .0 0 1 0 6 . 0 0 1 2 0 .5 0 1 1 4 . 0 0 1 03 * j O

1 2 4 .5 0
1 2 8 .0 0

1
-

1

1

8

13

41

g
42

34
29

4

-

1 6 0 .5 0

1

, _

20

i

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
45

8

41




1 4 0 .0 0

1 4 2 .0 0

1 2 4 .5 0 -

1 78
94
84

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .

3 8 .5
3 9 .0

1 1 2 .0 0
1 1 4 .0 0

1 1 1 .0 0
1 1 3 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0

1 0 2 .5 0 1 2 0 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0 -1 2 0 .5 0
9 8 .5 0 -1 2 0 .0 0

i

13
34
nr

45

22

48
36

28
19

17
14

i
i

1
1
i

-

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s oJ
ri
O cc u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d i v is i o n

l

of
workers

“1---- S
100 n o

Average
weekly

ALL WORKERS
BO

5

S

i
1 ----1 ----“
I
T ~ S
*
S
i
S
$
S
$
S
I
*
$
150 160 170 180 190 200 210 220 230 240 250 260 270 280 290 300

120

130

140

120

130

140

isp

160

170

lBo

190

200

210

-

i

4

9

11

12

15

9

9

4

5

39.0 210.50 211.00 192.00-230.00
40.0 207.00 207.50 190.00-223.00

-

-

-

“

*

2
2

4
4

6
3

9
7

6
4

11
7

3

-

-

standard)

Mean 2

Median2

Middle range2

and
u n d er

no

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS 8 -------

S

$
$
$
$
39.5 161.50 160.00 142.00-177.00

220

230

240

250

260

270

6
1

7
7

3
2

“

-

280

290

300

ilo

“

-

1
-

1

8
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS.
BUSINESS. CLASS B ----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

59
41

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS.
BUSINESS. CLASS C -----------------------------------

29

39.0 174.00 164.00 154.00-184.00

*

“

DRAFTERS. CLASS A ------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------- — ------ — ---------

64
51

40.0 215.00 219.50 186.50-241.50
40.0 208.00 210.50 183.00-236.00

.

•

-

-

DRAFTERS. CLASS B -----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------

176
84

40.0 202.50 200.00 170.00-235.00
40.0 179.50 170.50 164.00-198.00

•
-

DRAFTERS. CLASS C ------------------MANUr A v IUKII'ivj
Jj » » ■
««

184

40.0 169.00 160.00 138.00-195.00

2

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------

113
97

40.0 200.00 201.00 175.50-215.00
40.0 200.50 201.50 175.50-214.00

“

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS. CLASS AMANUFACTURING --------------------

35
33

40.0 221.00 215.00 195.00-235.50
40.0 222.50 215.00 195.50-238.00

-

*

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS. CLASS BMANUFACTURING --------------------

66

56

40.0 196.00 197.00 175.50-214.00
40.0 193.00 186.50 175.50-208.50

.
*

“

NURSES. INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ---

45
45

40.0 164.00 167.50 155.00-183.00
40.0 164.00 167.50 155.00-183.00

3

1

S e e fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le s .




1
1

-

3

“

-

1

9

10

1

1

“

4

"

*

3

"

“

.

.

1
1

5

3

7

e

13
10

2

8

5

4

-

*

*

*

-

3
-

1

.
-

.
-

-

9
-

2
-

2
-

_
-

*

3
3

5

12
11

3

1
1

7

5
3

.
“

2
2

15
13

21
20

24
15

9
7

12
4

21
12

12
2

8
2

13

-

2
2

1

11
-

4

19

25

12

24

17

13

14

10

10

6

12

7

1

4

3

1

-

1
-

1
*

1
1

1
1

15
11

14
12

12
12

11
10

20
20

10
10

6
4

7
7

7
2

4
4

1
1

1
1

-

1
1

-

-

.

-

•
“

.
*

1
*

•
*

9
9

7
7

I
1

3

6
6

1
1

4
4

1
1

1

•
-

1
1

-

.
*

“

•
“

8
6

13
12

11
11

2
1

13
13

9
9

3
2

1

6
1

•
-

-

-

1

2

7

9

7

8
8

4

2

-

1
1

2

5

1

2

-

1
_

-

-

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex.
in Greenville—Spartanburg, S.C., June 1975
S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

Weekly
hours *
(standard)

Weekly
earnings *
(standard)

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
woiken

$
1 6 0 .5 0
3 9 .5

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

Number
of
workers

Weakly
hours 1
standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED
814

34

Weekly
hours1
[standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

men

31

Average
(mean2 )

Average
(mean2 )

Average
(mean2 )
Number
of

1 1 2 .0 0

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

n 1 1 1 .5 0
1 1 4 .0 0
38 0

to
/.n

1 4 7 .0 0
1 4 5 .0 0
1 5 1 .0 0
PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

47
^n*r

OFFICE OCCUPATIC

*

’

130

n

3 9 .5

65

JV ab

29

4 0 .0

1 3 3 .5 0

33

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

2 1 8 .5 0
2 1 5 .5 0

51

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 1 5 .0 0
2 0 8 .0 0

173

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 0 3 .0 0
1 7 9 .5 0

167
55

1 6 6 .5 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 7 1 .5 0
1 3 7 .0 0

1 12
97

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 0 0 .0 0
2 0 0 .5 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE

CLERKS.

ACCOUNTING.

3 8 .5
3 0 .0

CLERKS. ACCOUNTING, CLASS
NONMANUFACTURING

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
38.

1 3 3 .5 0
1 4 0 .5 0

412

3 9 .5

1 1 7 .5 0

3 9 .0

1 6 5 .0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS,

1 4 7 .0 0
1 4 6 .0 0
1 5 0 . 00

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS.

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 0 .^

1 3 4 .0 0
1 3 4 .0 0
1 3 3 .0 0

DRAFTERS, CLASS

119

242
100
142

3 8 .5
39
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

353
269

1 0 5 .0 0
1 0 3 ..,0

191

CLASS

59
2Q4
192
92

3 9 .5

1 2 4 .5 0

70

44
40

3 9 ,5

1 3 2 .5 0

1 1 5 .0 0

J •

1 * " ° * ">0

—

43
38

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 8 .0 0

ISO

3 9 .5

1 2 6 .0 0

. . .

119
27

.0
LL A b b

_T

153

39 0
4 0 . 0 1 2 9 .5 0

63
Cl

A'-*

/A n

'0 0
NONMANUFACTURING

1 1 5 .0 0
1 1 6 .5 0
1 1 0 .5 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE

.-.0

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS,

CLASS A -

1 16 00
4 0 . 0 1 2 2 .0 0
3 9 .0 1 0 7 .5 0

35
33

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 2 1 .0 0
2 2 2 .5 0

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS,

CLASS B -

65
56

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 9 5 .5 0
1 9 3 .0 0

45

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 6 4 .0 0
1 6 4 .0 0

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

operators,

NURSES,
v

L mJi j

M

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




b

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS -------------------—
MANUFACTURING —
------------------------

38 0
1 Tr 1») 1 3 I

Cl a s s

A

-

' 0 0
4 0 . 0 1 3 9 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 4 8 .0 0
. -

drafters9

CLASS C ---------------

E a rn in g s data in ta b le A - 3 r e la t e o n ly to w o r k e r s w h o se s e x
id e n t ific a t io n w as p r o v id e d b y the e s t a b lis h m e n t .
E a rn in g s data in
ta b le s A - 1 and A - 2 , on the o t h e r hand, r e la t e to a ll w o r k e r s in an
o c c u p a t io n .
(S ee a p p en d ix A f o r p u b lic a t io n c r it e r ia .)

INDUSTRIAL

(REGISTERED)

------

Hourly

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f —

mings3

Number
of
workers

2 .5 0
Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

$

$

S
3 .8 0

S

S

S

S

s

S

$

s

S

3 .2 0

$
3 .6 0

S

3 .0 0

$
3 .4 0

*

2 .8 0

$
2 .9 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5*40

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 ,0 0

6 .2 0

31

O cc u p a tio n a n d in d u s tr y d i v is i o n

S

7

5
2 .6 0

S

S

2 .7 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

3 ---------1------6 .2 0 6 .4 0

and
u n d er
2 .6 0

6 .4 0

over

ALL WORKERS
$

_

$

$

$

ELECTRICIAN S. MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

3 15
310

4 .4 3
4 .4 3

4 .3 0
4 .3 0

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ----------------------------

63

4 .1 1

4 .1 3

3 . 5 6 - 4 .3 o

_

.

.

*

*

*

*

*

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

*

4 . 0 5 - 4 ,7 9
4 . 0 5 - 4 .7 9

J.

J

3
3

10
10

35
35

95
94

25
22

39
39

30
30

26
26

8
8

40
40

-

-

17
17

_

5

14
14

14
11

2

6

1

3

_

.

-

-

“

*

6
6

9
9

24
24

38
38

12
12

58
58

2
2

17
17

17
17

9
9

-

10
10

4
4

11

-

13

10

4

1

-

_

-

-

11

13
11

10
-

4
4

1
1

11
11

4
4

10

• uu

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE -----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

1 92
1 92

4 .3 7
4 .3 7

4 .4 2
4 .4 2

4 . 0 0 - 4 .5 5
4 . 0 0 - 4 .5 5

.

-

*

~

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------------------

110
37
73
45

4 .7 3
4 .2 7
4 .9 7
4 .9 7

4 .7 3
4 .2 5
5 .3 0
5 .3 0

4 .1 3 4 .0 0 4 .5 0 3 .3 5 -

5 .3 2
4 .7 1
5 .5 5
6 .2 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

*

•

*

*

*

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE -------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

6 34
632

4 .3 4
4 .3 4

4 .2 0
4 .2 0

4 .1 0 - 4 .7 )
4 . 1 0 - 4 .7 1

.

-

-

-

-

_

-

“

“

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

159
159

4 .S 3
4 .8 3

4 .9 7
4 .9 7

4 . 5 0 - 5 .1 0
4 . 5 0 - 5 .1 0

-

-

.

-

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




-

-

19
4
15
15

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

10
10

.

-

43
43

4
4

.

.

"

*

*

*

*

10
6
4
2

-

12
9
3
-

36
35

151
151

151
151

51
50

49
49

121
121

7
7

-

8
8

20
20

15
15

23
23

11
11

62
62

-

-

3
3

1
-

-

1
1

-

-

i

_
-

in

-

-

T

10

.

-

10
10

-

-

-

5
5

_

2

-

2
2

Hourly earnings

Number o£ workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

1 --- rs--- S
I--- 1 --- S
%
1 ----T --- 1 --- ~5--- 1 --- “
S
S
t ---- r ~
i
%
S
$
$
S
2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00
S

O ccu p a tion and in d u str y d iv is io n

o
f

workers

Mean 2

Median2

and
under

Middle range 2

2.10 2.20 2.30 2.4p 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5,00 5,20 5,40 5.69 5,80 6.00 o v e r

ALL WORKERS
$

$

$

$

182
1

469
GUARDS:

,
g

68

92

29

8

WATCHMEN 1

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING ------NONMANUFACTURING -— -------- ----

1.060

2.59

354

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS ---

2»41

650
520
130

3.09

3.00

2.56- 3.25

•

3.81

3.85

3.25- 4.7o

-

2.54

2.30- 2.79
•-•10

13

161
36

77

135

172

240

27

0
i
i
-

8

23

138

4

-

16
.

56

2.91

119

31

18

5

4

1

1

3

46

138

86

17

32

11

26

1

1

32

1

7

.

.

2

4

2

2

19

11

22

1

1

32

1

7

-

-

*

-

3

1
•
1

_
-

-

-

-

80
27

82
76
6

48

39
i

1

15
RECEIVING CLERKS ------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

148
65
83

3.37
3.50
3.26

3.45
3.49
3.11

2.81- 4.00
3.00- 3.81
2.50- 4.00

-

.
•
*

-

4
4

23
3

20

24

7
1
6

20
12
8

6
2
4

7
7

29
22
7

7
7
-

5
5
-

22
8
14

12
2
10

•
-

2
2

3
-

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

•

25
25

2
•
2

101
94
7

68
68

44
44

•

98
_
98

a

18

-

j
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS ----MANUFACTURING -------------------

54
47

3.57
3.69

3.65
3.65

3.36- 3.78
3.46- 3.79

TRUCKORIVERS -----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

929
301
628

4.14
3.96
4.22
4.67

3.7o
4.02
3.70

TRUCKORIVERS. LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

95
83

2.93
2.91

TRUCKORIVERS. MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
ANO INCLUDING 4 TONS) --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

180
62
118

TRUCKORIVERS. HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS.
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------—

484
177
307

* Workers were at $7 to $7.20.
See footnotes at end of tables.




*

"

-

-

-

7
-

2
2

i
i

6
6

8
8

19
19

5
5

3
3

3.05- 5.20
3.49- 5.09
2.90- 5.5o

•
•

16
16

9

15

48
15

65
25
40

10
10
-

123
123

10
9
1

61

15

79
19
60

79

9

37
5
32

4

9
9

2.75
2.75

2.50- 3.00
2.45- 3.02

"

8
8

5
5

18
18

22
22

3
3

14

-

1

-

-

•

.

•

-

6
6

-

-

3
3

•

“

6
6

•

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

3.21
2.95
3.35

3.00
2.83
3.00

2.63- 3.4o
2.66- 3.19
2.50- 4.6o

-

10

-

10

24
12
12

35
14
21

-

-

25

2

•
•

•
•

5

5

1

3

-

25

2

5
1
4

1

-

2
1
1

3
•

10

10
10

-

23
19
4

-

10

19
5
14

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

4.82
4.49
5.01

5.04
5.00
5.50

3.70- 5.90
4.02- 5.04
3.70- 5.90

-

-

1

-

-•
—

-

•

-

17
17

105

8
8

56
56

•

•

•
•

•

14

43

-

-

-

-

-

16

-

-

105

96
93

-

1

3
3

16

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

14

43

-

6
6

-

-

-

33

67

12

5

5

•

1

57

-

-

•

•

-

30
30

_
_

95

30

95

30

•

_

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of custodial and material movement workers in {Greenville—
Spartanburg, S.C., June 1975— Continued
Hourly earnings3

$

i

S

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of--S
S
$
%
$
$
i
$
$
S
S

Mean 2

Median2

S

S

S

i

2 .2 0

2 .4 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

1 ------- "5-------T ----$
5 .4 0 5 .6 0 5 .8 0 6 .0 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 ,6 p

? ,8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 , 8Q

5,00

5 ,2 0

5 .4 0

5 ,6 0

34

Middle range 2

i
2 .3 0

51

13

1 32

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

47
47

72
69

49

45

47
47

1

10

29

40

and
under
2 .1 0

and

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
TRUCKDRIVERS -

CONTINUED

TRUCKORIVERS, HEAVY

<OVER 4 TONS.
170

201

S e e fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b l e s .




$

3 .8 5

3 50
3 .4 7

$

3 50
3 .5 3

$ _

3

'’ Q

$

3

04

3 . 2 8 - 3 .6 0

12

29
29

30
38

1

5 .8 0

6 .0 0




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant,
custodial, and material movement workers, by sex.
in Greenville—Spartanburg, S.C., June 1975
Sex, o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

A verage
(m ean2 )
hourly
earnings3

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

A verage
(m ean 2 )
hourly
earnings3

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
OCCUPATIONS - MEN
$

1 48

$

nRHUi ML 1 UK X liu

nT
83
91

3 .8 5
3 .8 6

315
3 10

4 .4 3
4 .4 3

63

4 .1 1
1 K U L b U K X V L 1' j

MACHINISTS* MAINTENANCE

-------------------------------------------------

44
37

3 .5 4

45
36

MANUFACTURING

J .7 6

9^*9

" "

'

1'

3 96
/ " XX

- - - - - - - - - -

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT

MECHANICS. AUTOMOTIVE

(UNDER
2.

AS

159

4 .8 3

1

4^97

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS.

NONMANUFACTURING

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

----------------------------------------

3 07

5 .0 1

TRUCKDRIVERS* HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS*
676
213
463

170

2 .5 8
2 .9 1

80

MANUFACTURING

3 .2 1

GUARDS1

WATCHMEN:
133

2 .7 3

744
510

2 .6 5
2 .7 2

512
130

2 .9 0
3 .8 1

150

3 .4 7
3 .0 5

180

JANITO RS. PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------

3 .0 7
3 .1 3

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN
JANITORS*

ORDER FILLERS

---------------------------------------------------------

PORTERS. AND CLEANERS

-------

316

2 .4 4

ORDER F IL L E R S :

NOTE:
E a rn in g s data in ta b le A - 6 r e la t e o n ly to w o r k e r s w h o s e sex id e n t ific a t io n w a s p r o v id e d b y the
e s t a b lis h m e n t .
E a r n in g s data in t a b le s A - 4 and A - 5 , on the o t h e r h a n d , re la t e to a ll w o r k e r s in an o c c u p a t io n .
(S ee a p p e n d ix A fo r p u b lic a t io n c r i t e r i a .)
See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .

Table A-7. Percent increase in average hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts
NOTE: Data for table A -7 a re not available for the G reenville—
Spartanburg survey since this is the fir s t year a survey of com parable
scope was conducted in the area.
R eferen ce to table A -7 in the standard text of the bulletin does
not apply to this area.

F o o tn o te s 1
3
2
1 Standard hours re fle c t the workw eek
to these w eekly hours.
2 The mean is com puted fo r each job
and half re ceiv e le s s than the rate shown.
3 Excludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e




fo r which em ployees receiv e their regular straight-tim e sa la ries (ex clu sive of pay fo r overtim e at regular a n d/or prem ium ra tes), and the earning s corresp ond
by totaling the earnings of all w ork ers and dividing by the num ber o f w ork ers. The m edian designates position— half of the em ployees surveyed receiv e m ore
The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the w ork ers earn le s s than the low er of these rates and a fourth earn m ore than the higher rate.
and fo r work on w eekends, holidays, and' late shifts.

Appendix A
Area wage and related benefits data are obtained by personal visits of Bureau field represent­
atives at 3-year intervals.1 In each of the intervening years, information on employment and
occupational earnings is collected by a combination of personal visit; mail questionnaire, and telephone
interview from establishments participating in the previous survey.
In each of the 8 2 2 areas currently surveyed, data are obtained from representative estab­
lishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communication, and other
public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major
industry groups excluded from these studies are government operations and the construction and
extractive industries. Establishments having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are omitted
because of insufficient employment in the occupations studied. Separate tabulations are provided for
each of the broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

Average earnings reflect composite, areawide estimates. Industries and establishments differ
in pay level and job staffing, and thus contribute differently to the estimates for each job. Pay
averages may fail to reflect accurately the wage differential among jobs in individual establishments.
Average pay levels for men and women in selected occupations should not be assumed to
reflect differences in pay of the sexes within individual establishments. Factors which may contribute
to differences include progression within established rate ranges, since only the rates paid incumbents
are collected, and performance of specific duties within the general survey job descriptions. Job
descriptions used to classify employees in these surveys usually are more generalized than those used
in individual establishments and allow for minor differences among establishments in specific
duties performed.
Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all establishments within the scope
of the study and not the number actually surveyed. Because occupational structures among establish­
ments differ, estimates of occupational employment obtained from the sample of establishments studied
serve only to indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occupational
structure do not affect materially the accuracy of the earnings data.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis. The sampling procedures involve detailed
stratification of all establishments within the scope of an individual area survey by industry and number
of employees. From this stratified universe a probability sample is selected, with each establishment
having a predetermined chance of selection. To obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater
proportion of large than small establishments is selected. When data are combined, each establishment
is weighted according to its probability of selection, so that unbiased estimates are generated. For
example, if one out of four establishments is selected, it is given a weight of four to represent itself
plus three others. An alternate of the same original probability is chosen in the same industry-size
classification if data are not available for the original sample member. If no suitable substitute is
available, additional weight is assigned to a sample member that is similar to the missing unit.

Wage trends for selected occupational groups

Occupations and Earnings

Occupations used to compute wage trends are:

Occupations selected for study are common to a variety of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing
industries, and are of the following types: (1) Office clerical; (2) professional and technical; (3)
maintenance and powerplant; and (4) custodial and material movement. Occupational classification is
based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation
in duties within the same job. Occupations selected for study are listed and described in appendix B.
Unless otherwise indicated, the earnings data following the job titles are for all industries combined.
Earnings data for some of the occupations listed and described, or for some industry divisions within
occupations, are not presented in the A -series tables, because either (1) employment in the occupation
is too small to provide enough data to merit presentation, or (2) there is possibility of disclosure of
individual establishment data. Separate men's and women's earnings data are not presented when the
number of workers not identified by sex is 20 percent or more of the men or women identified in an
occupation. Earnings data not shown separately for industry divisions are included in all industries
combined data, where shown. Likewise, data are included in the overall classification when a sub­
classification of electronics technicians, secretaries, or truckdrivers is not shown or information to
subclassify is not available.
Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for full-time workers, i.e ., those hired
to work a regular weekly schedule. Earnings data exclude premium pay for overtime and for work on
weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living allowances
and incentive bonuses are included. Weekly hours for office clerical and professional and technical
occupations refer to the standard workweek (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which employees
receive regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates).
Average weekly earnings for these occupations are rounded to the nearest half dollar.
These surveys measure the level of occupational earnings in an area at a particular time.
Comparisons of individual occupational averages over time may not reflect expected wage changes.
The averages for individual jobs are affected by changes in wages and employment patterns. For
example, proportions of workers employed by high- or low-wage firms may change, or high-wage
workers may advance to better jobs and be replaced by new workers at lower rates. Such shifts in
employment could decrease an occupational average even though most establishments in an area
increase wages during the year. Trends in earnings of occupational groupq, shown in table A -7 ,
are better indicators of wage trends than individual jobs within the groups.

The
Annual rates
span between
increased at

percents of change in table A -7 relate to wage changes between the indicated dates.
of increase, where shown, reflect the amount of increase for 12 months when the time
surveys was other than 12 months. Annual rates are based on the assumption that wages
a constant rate between surveys.

Office clerical (men and women):
Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class B
Clerks, accounting, classes A and B
Clerks, file, classes A, B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Keypunch operators, classes A and B
Messengers
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes A ana B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B
Electronic data processing
(men and women):
Computer operators, classes A, B, and C
Computer programmers, classes A, B,
and C

Electronic data processing (men
and women)— Continued
Computer systems analysts, classes A,
B, and C
Industrial nurses (men and women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, material handling

Percent changes for individual areas in the program are computed as follows:
1. Each occupation is assigned a weight based on its proportionate employment in the selected
group of occupations in the base year.
2. These weights are used to compute group averages. Each occupation's average (mean)
earnings is multiplied by its weight. The products are totaled to obtain a group average.
3. The ratio of group averages for 2 consecutive years is computed by dividing the average
for the current year by the average for the earlier year. The results— expressed as a percent— less 100
is the Dercent change.
Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions

k Personal visits w en on a 2-year cycle before July 1972.

2 Included in the 82 areas are 12 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.

These areas are Akron, Ohio; Austin, l e x .; Binghamton,
N. Y . —Pa.; Birmingham, A la .; Fort Lauderdale—Hollywood and West Palm Beach—Boca Raton, F la .; Lexington—Fayette, K y .; Melbourne—TitusvilleCocoa, Fla.; Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, Va. —N. C .; Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N. Y .; Raleigh—
Durham, N. C .; Syracuse, N. Y . ; and Westchester County, N. Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 70
areas at the request of the Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department of Labor.




Tabulations on selected establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions (B -series
tables) are not presented in this bulletin. Information for these tabulations is collected at 3-year
intervals. 1 These tabulations on minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced office workers; shift
differentials; scheduled weekly hours and days; paid holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and
pension plans are presented (in the B -series tables) in previous bulletins for this area.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
in Greenville—Spartanburg, S.C.,' June 1975
M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l is h m e n ts in s c o p e
o f stu d y

I n d u s t r y d i v is i o n 2

A l l d i v i s i o n s ______

__ __ ____________

R e t a il t r a d e 6 . . . __ . .
. __ „ . . _____
..
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e 6_________
S e r v i c e s 67
----— — — -----—

Workers in establishments
Within scope of study4

W ith in s c o p e
o f stu d y 3

Studied

Studied
Numbe r

Percent

4 56

171

1 1 3 ,3 2 4

100

6 7 ,7 2 7

50
-

276
180

106
65

88, 009
2 5 , 315

78
22

5 2 , 145
1 5, 582

50
50
50
50
50

30
27
73
20
30

14
7
18
8
18

4 , 830
2 , 904
1 1 ,3 0 9
3, 056
3 ,2 1 6

4
2
10
3
3

3 ,7 8 5
82 8
6 ,4 9 0
1 ,8 3 3
2 ,6 4 6

______

M a n u fa c t u r in g
- — __ __ __ .
__ __ __ __
. . _________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g _____ . . __
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n ,
and o t h e r p u b lic u t il it i e s 5____________________

Number of establishments

1 The Greenville—
Spartanburg Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the Office of Management and Budget through February
1974, consists of Greenville, Pickens, and Spartanburg Counties.
The "workers within scope of study" estimates shown in this table provide a
reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. Estimates are not intended, however, for
comparison with other employment indexes to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires establishment data
compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) small establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division.
3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in industries
such as trade, finance, auto repair service, and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes all workers in all establishments with total employment (within the area) at or above the minimum limitation.
5 Abbreviated to "public utilities" in the A -s e r ie s tables. Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation were excluded.
6 This division is represented in estimates for "a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the A -s e r ie s tables. Separate presentation of data
is not made for one or more of the following reasons: (1) Employment is too small to provide enough data to merit separate study, (2) the sample
was not designed initially to permit separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to permit separate presentation, and (4) there
is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data.
7 Hotels and motels; laundries and other personal services; business services; automobile repair, rental, and parking; motion pictures;
nonprofit membership organizations (excluding religious and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectural services.




Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

T h e p r im a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s fo r the B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s is t o a s s is t its fi e ld s t a ff in c l a s s i f y in g in to a p p r o p r ia t e
o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p lo y e d u n d er a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o l l t it l e s and d iffe r e n t w o rk a rra n g e m e n ts f r o m e s t a b lis h m e n t t o e s t a b lis h m e n t and
fr o m a re a to a rea .
T h is p e r m it s th e g ro u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a te s r e p r e s e n tin g c o m p a r a b le j o b c o n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a s is on
in te r e s t a b lis h m e n t and in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b il it y o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n te n t, th e B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r ip t io n s m a y d i ff e r s ig n ific a n t ly f r o m t h o s e in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s o r th o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g th e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , the B u r e a u 's fi e ld e c o n o m i s t s a r e in s t r u c t e d
t o e x c lu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p r e n t ic e s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a in e e s ; and h a n d ica p p e d , p a r t - t im e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t io n a r y w o r k e r s .

O FFIC E

B I L L E R , M A C H IN E

C L E R K S , ACC O U N TIN G

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , and i n v o i c e s on a m a ch in e o t h e r than an o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a t ic
t y p e w r it e r . M a y a ls o k e e p r e c o r d s as t o b il li n g s o r sh ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l w o rk
in c id e n t a l t o b illin g o p e r a t io n s . F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a re c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e of
m a c h in e , as fo l lo w s :

P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e a cco u n tin g c l e r i c a l t a s k s s u c h as p o s tin g t o r e g i s t e r s and le d g e r s ;
r e c o n c i li n g bank a c c o u n ts ; v e r ify in g the in te r n a l c o n s i s t e n c y , c o m p le t e n e s s , and m a th e m a t ic a l a c c u r a c y
o f a cco u n tin g d o c u m e n ts ; a ssig n in g p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n tin g d is t r ib u t io n c o d e s ; e x a m in in g and v e r i fy in g
fo r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s t y p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a lc u la t io n s , p o s t in g , e t c . ; o r p r e p a r in g s im p le o r
a s s is t in g in p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p lic a t e d jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s . M a y w o r k in e it h e r a m a n u a l o r a u to m a te d
a cco u n tin g s y ste m .

B i l l e r , m a ch in e (b illin g m a c h in e ).
U s e s a s p e c i a l b illin g m a ch in e (c o m b in a t io n ty p in g and
adding m a c h in e ) t o p r e p a r e b il ls and in v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in te r n a lly p r e p a r e d
o r d e r s , sh ip p in g m e m o r a n d u m s , e t c .
U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a t io n o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n t s and
sh ip p in g c h a r g e s and e n try o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s io n s , w h ic h m a y o r m a y not b e co m p u t e d on th e b illin g
m a c h in e , and t o t a ls w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t ic a lly a cc u m u la te d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a t io n u su a lly in v o lv e s a
la r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p ie s o f the b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d and is often d on e on a fa n fo ld m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a ch in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ). U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a ch in e (w ith o r w ith ou t a
t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) t o p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s as p a rt o f the a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b l e o p e r a t io n .
G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s the s im u lta n e o u s e n try o f fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d .
T h e m a ch in e
a u to m a tic a lly a c c u m u la te s fig u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s and c o m p u te s and u su a lly p r in ts
a u to m a tic a lly th e d e b it o r c r e d it b a la n c e s . D o e s n ot in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o r k s fr o m
u n ifo r m and s ta n d a rd t y p e s o f s a le s and c r e d i t s lip s .

T h e w o r k r e q u i r e s a k n ow led g e o f c l e r i c a l m e t h o d s and o f f i c e p r a c t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h
r e la t e s t o the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s in g and r e c o r d in g o f t r a n s a c t i o n s and a c c o u n tin g in fo r m a t io n .
W ith
e x p e r ie n c e , the w o r k e r t y p ic a lly b e c o m e s f a m il ia r w ith th e b o o k k e e p in g and a c c o u n tin g t e r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s u sed in the a s s ig n e d w o r k , but is n ot r e q u i r e d t o h a ve a k n o w le d g e o f the f o r m a l p r in c ip le s
o f b o o k k e e p in g and a ccou n tin g .
P o s it io n s a re c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s on th e b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e f in it io n s .
C la s s A . U n d er g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r f o r m s a c c o u n tin g c l e r i c a l o p e r a t io n s w h ic h r e q u ir e
the a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m e n t , f o r e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s in g c o m p li c a t e d o r
n o n r e p e t it iv e a cco u n tin g t r a n s a c t i o n s , s e le c t in g a m on g a s u b s ta n tia l v a r ie t y o f p r e s c r i b e d a cco u n tin g
c o d e s and c l a s s i f ic a t i o n s , o r t r a c in g t r a n s a c t i o n s th ou g h p r e v io u s a c c o u n tin g a c t io n s t o d e t e r m in e
s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s . M a y b e a s s i s t e d b y one o r m o r e c l a s s B a cc o u n tin g c l e r k s .

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

O p e r a te s a b o o k k e e p in g m a ch in e (w ith o r w ith ou t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o k e e p a r e c o r d o f
b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t io n s .
C la s s A . K e e p s a set o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n o w le d g e o f a n d ' e x p e r ie n c e in b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g
p r in c ip le s , and f a m il ia r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t ic u la r a cco u n tin g s y s t e m u s e d .
D e t e r m in e s
p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d is t r ib u t io n o f d e b it and c r e d i t it e m s t o b e u s e d in e a c h p h a se o f th e w o r k . M ay
p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a t e d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e t s , and o t h e r r e c o r d s b y hand.

C l a s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f on e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t io n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u su a lly
re q u ir in g lit t le k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t io n s in clu d e a c c o u n ts p a y a b le , p a y r o l l,
c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n ts (not in clu d in g a s im p le ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r i b e d u n d er b i l l e r , m a c h in e ), c o s t
d is t r ib u t io n , e x p e n s e d i s t r ib u t io n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l, e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r a t io n o f t r i a l
b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l sh e e ts f o r th e a cco u n tin g d e p a r tm e n t.




L is t e d
stereotyp es:

b e lo w

a re

r e v is e d

o c c u p a t io n a l

G la s s B . U n der c l o s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s and s t a n d a r d iz e d p r o c e d u r e s ,
p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e rou tin e a cco u n tin g c l e r i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , s u c h as p o s tin g t o le d g e r s , c a r d s , o r
w o r k s h e e t s w h e re id e n t ific a t io n o f it e m s and lo c a t i o n s o f p o s t in g s a r e c l e a r l y in d ic a t e d ; ch e c k in g
a c c u r a c y and c o m p le t e n e s s o f s t a n d a r d iz e d and r e p e t it iv e r e c o r d s o r a c c o u n tin g d o c u m e n t s ; and co d in g
d o c u m e n ts using a few p r e s c r i b e d a cco u n tin g c o d e s .
C L E R K , F IL E
F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r ie v e s m a t e r ia l in an e s t a b l is h e d filin g s y s t e m .
M ay p e r fo r m
c l e r i c a l and m a n u al t a s k s r e q u ir e d t o m a in ta in f i l e s . P o s it i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s on the b a s is
o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A . C l a s s if ie s and
d o c u m e n t s , e t c ., in an e s t a b lis h e d
M a y a ls o file th is m a te r ia l.
M ay
le a d a s m a ll g ro u p o f lo w e r le v e l

t it l e s

in tr o d u c e d

th is

year

to

in d e x e s f i le m a t e r ia l su c h as c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n i c a l
filin g s y s t e m co n t a in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a tt e r f i le s .
k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p e s in c o n ju n c t io n w ith th e f i l e s .
M ay
fi le c l e r k s .

e lim in a t e

R e v is e d title

F o r m e r title

D ra fte r
D r a fte r -t r a c e r
B o i l e r te n d e r

D ra ftsm a n
D r a ft s m a n -t r a c e r
F ir e m a n , sta tio n a ry b o ile r

sex

SEC R E T A R Y — C ont in ue d
C la s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c la s s i fi e d m a t e r ia l b y s im p le (s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h ea d in gs
o r p a r t ly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r ia l b y f i n e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s im p le r e la t e d in dex and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e
a id s . A s r e q u e s t e d , lo c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n t if ie d m a t e r ia l in f i le s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l. M ay p e r f o r m
r e la t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d t o m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i le s .
C la s s C .
P e r f o r m s r o u tin e filin g o f m a t e r ia l that h a s a lr e a d y b een c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ic h is
e a s il y c l a s s i f i e d in a s im p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e .g ., a lp h a b e tic a l, c h r o n o lo g i c a l, o r
n u m e r i c a l) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a t e r ia l in f i le s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l; and m a y
f i l l out w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e . M a y p e r f o r m s im p le c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l t a s k s r e q u ir e d t o m a in ta in and
s e r v ic e file s .
C L E R K , ORDER

■ E xclusions
N ot a ll p o s it io n s that a re t it le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r is t i c s .
p o s it io n s w h ic h a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e d e fin itio n a re as fo l lo w s :
a.

P o s it i o n s w h ic h do not m e e t th e " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b ov e;

b.

S te n o g r a p h e r s n ot fu lly t r a in e d in s e c r e t a r i a l ty p e d u tie s ;

c.
S te n o g r a p h e r s
m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ;

s e r v in g

as

o ffic e

a s s is t a n t s

to

a g rou p

o f p r o f e s s io n a l,

d.
S e c r e t a r y p o s it io n s in w h ic h th e d u tie s a r e e it h e r su b s ta n tia lly m o r e
s ta n tia lly m o r e c o m p le x and r e s p o n s i b le than t h o s e c h a r a c t e r iz e d in th e d e fin itio n ;

R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a il, p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a lly .
D u ties in v o lv e any c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo l lo w i n g ; Q u otin g p r ic e s t o c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g out an o r d e r
s h e e t lis t in g the it e m s t o m a k e up th e o r d e r ; ch e c k in g p r i c e s and q u a n tities o f it e m s on o r d e r sh eet;
and d is t r ib u t in g o r d e r s h e e t s t o r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r tm e n ts t o b e fi ll e d . M ay ch e c k w ith c r e d it d e p a r tm e n t
t o d e t e r m in e c r e d i t ra tin g o f c u s t o m e r , a ck n o w le d g e r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s fr o m c u s t o m e r s , f o llo w up
o r d e r s t o se e that th e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p fi le o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and c h e c k sh ip p in g in v o i c e s
w ith o r i g in a l o r d e r s .
CLERK, PAYROLL
C o m p u te s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s and e n t e r s the n e c e s s a r y data on the p a y r o l l s h e e t s .
D u ties in v o lv e :
C a lc u la t in g w o r k e r s ' e a r n in g s b a s e d on t im e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; and p o s tin g
c a lc u la t e d d a ta on p a y r o l l s h e e t , sh o w in g in fo r m a t io n su ch as w o r k e r 's n a m e , w d rk in g d a y s , t im e ,
r a t e , d e d u c t io n s f o r in s u r a n c e , and t o t a l w a g e s due. M ay m a k e out p a y c h e c k s and a s s i s t p a y m a s te r
in m a k in g up and d is t r ib u t in g p a y e n v e lo p e s .
M ay u s e a ca lc u la tin g m a ch in e .
KEYPUNCH O PE R A TO R
O p e r a t e s a k e y p u n ch m a c h in e t o r e c o r d
c a r d s o r on ta p e .
P o s it i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s

o r v e r i f y a lp h a b e tic a n d /o r n u m e r ic data on ta bu latin g

on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .

C l a s s A . W o r k r e q u i r e s th e a p p lic a t io n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m en t in s e le c t in g p r o c e d u r e s
t o b e fo l lo w e d and in s e a r c h in g f o r , in t e r p r e t in g , s e l e c t i n g , o r co d in g it e m s t o b e k e y p u n ch e d f r o m a
v a r ie t y o f s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s . On o c c a s io n m a y a ls o p e r f o r m s o m e ro u tin e k ey pu n ch w o r k . M ay tra in
in e x p e r i e n c e d k e y p u n ch o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . W o r k i s r o u tin e and r e p e t it iv e .
U n der c l o s e s u p e r v is io n o r fo llo w in g s p e c i f ic
p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t io n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r io u s sta n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d ocu m en ts w h ic h h a v e b e e n c o d e d ,
and fo l lo w s s p e c i f i e d p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h h a ve b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e ta il and r e q u ir e lit t le o r n o s e l e c t i n g ,
c o d in g , o r in te r p r e t in g o f da ta t o b e r e c o r d e d . R e f e r s t o s u p e r v is o r p r o b le m s a r is in g f r o m e r r o n e o u s
it e m s o r c o d e s o r m is s in g in fo r m a t io n .
M ESSEN GER

E x a m p le s o f

t e c h n ic a l,

or

rou tin e o r s u b ­

e.
A s s is ta n t ty p e p o s it io n s w h ic h in v o lv e m o r e d iff ic u lt o r m o r e r e s p o n s ib le t e c h n ic a l,
a d m in is t r a t iv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c i a l iz e d c l e r i c a l d u tie s w h ic h a re not t y p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l
w ork .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in the le v e l d e fin it io n s fo llo w in g , r e f e r s t o t h o se
o f f i c i a l s w h o h a ve a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d t o m a jo r co m p a n y
a c t iv i t ie s . T he t it l e " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " th ou g h n o r m a lly in d ic a t iv e o f t h is r o l e , d o e s not in a ll c a s e s
id e n t ify s u c h p o s it i o n s . V i c e p r e s id e n t s w h o s e p r im a r y r e s p o n s i b il it y is t o a ct p e r s o n a lly on in d iv id u a l
c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t io n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r den y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t io n s ; a d m in is t e r in d iv id u a l
t r u s t a c c o u n ts ; d i r e c t ly s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff) a re not c o n s id e r e d t o b e " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " fo r
p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e fo llo w in g le v e l d e f in it io n s .
C la s s A
1. S e c r e t a r y t o th e ch a ir m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a c o m p a n y that e m p lo y s ,
o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

in a ll,

2.
S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o t h e r than th e ch a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t ) o f a
co m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a ll , o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but f e w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r l e v e l , o f a m a jo r se g m e n t
o r s u b s id ia r y o f a co m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la s s B
1. S e c r e t a r y to th e ch a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s ,
fe w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

in a ll,

2.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o t h e r than th e ch a ir m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t ) o f a
co m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w th e o f f i c e r le v e l , o v e r e it h e r a m a jo r c o r p o r a t e ­
w id e fu n c t io n a l a c t iv it y ( e . g . , m a r k e t in g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , in d u s t r ia l r e la t io n s , e t c . ) o_r a m a jo r
g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a t io n a l se g m e n t ( e .g ., a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a jo r d iv is io n ) o f a co m p a n y
that e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but fe w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r

P e r f o r m s v a r io u s r o u tin e d u tie s s u c h as run ning e r r a n d s , o p era tin g m in o r o f f ic e m a c h in e s
s u c h as s e a le r s o r m a i l e r s , op e n in g and d is t r ib u t in g m a il , and o t h e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x clu d e
p o s it i o n s that r e q u ir e o p e r a t io n o f a m o t o r v e h ic le as a s ig n ific a n t duty.

4.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h ea d o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t,
o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

SECRETARY

5.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h ea d o f a la r g e and im p o rta n t o r g a n iz a t io n a l se g m e n t ( e .g ., a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v is o r o f an o r g a n iz a t io n a l se g m e n t often in v o lv in g as m a n y as s e v e r a l hu n d red
p e r s o n s ) o r a c o m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

A s s ig n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly t o on e in d iv id u a l.
M a in ta in s a c l o s e and h ig h ly
re s p o n s iv e
r e la t io n s h ip t o th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k o f th e s u p e r v is o r . W o r k s fa ir ly in d e p e n d e n tly
r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d s u p e r v is io n and g u id a n c e . P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l
d u tie s , u s u a lly in clu d in g m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g :
a.
R e c e iv e s te le p h o n e c a l l s , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and in co m in g m a il, a n s w e rs rou tin e in q u ir e s ,
and r o u t e s t e c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s t o th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ;
b.

M a in ta in s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r and m a k e s a p p oin tm en ts as in s t r u c t e d ;

d.
v i s o r 's

E s t a b li s h e s ,

c.

m a in t a in s ,

and r e v i s e s the

s u p e r v is o r 's f i le s ;

R e la y s m e s s a g e s f r o m

P e r fo r m s

s t e n o g r a p h ic and ty p in g w o r k .

M a y a ls o p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l ta s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n a tu re and d iffic u lt y .
T h e w o r k t y p ic a lly r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e rou tin e and u n d ersta n d in g o f the o r g a n iz a t io n , p r o g r a m s ,
and p r o c e d u r e s r e la t e d t o th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v is o r .




e t c . (o r o th e r eq u iv a len t

le v e l o f

C la s s C
1.
S e c r e t a r y t o an e x e c u t iv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s i b il it y is not eq u iv a le n t to
on e o f the s p e c i f i c le v e l s itu a tio n s in the d e fin itio n f o r c l a s s B , but w h o se o r g a n iz a t io n a l unit
n o r m a lly n u m b e r s at le a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p lo y e e s and is u su a lly d iv id e d in to o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n ts
w h ic h a re o fte n , in t u r n , fu r t h e r s u b d iv id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , th is le v e l in clu d e s a w id e ra n g e o f
o r g a n iz a t io n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly one o r tw o ; ^ r
2.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t,
o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a ll , fe w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s .

fa c to r y ,

etc.

(o r o th e r eq u iv a len t le v e l o f

s u p e r v is o r t o su b o r d in a te s ;

e.
R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d by o t h e r s f o r th e s u p e r ­
s ig n a tu r e t o a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and t y p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ;
f.

fa c to r y ,

C la s s D
1.
S e c r e t a r y t o the
abou t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r

s u p e r v is o r

or

head

of

a s m a ll

o r g a n iz a t io n a l

unit

( e .g .,

fe w e r

than

2.
S e c r e t a r y t o a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s t a ff s p e c i a l is t , p r o f e s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is t r a t iv e
o f f i c e r , o r a s s is t a n t , s k ille d t e c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E :
M any c o m p a n ie s a ssig n s t e n o g r a p h e r s ,
r a t h e r than s e c r e t a r i e s as d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , t o th is le v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)

STENOGRAPHER

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (Electric Accounting Machine Operator)

P r i m a r y duty i s t o ta k e d ic t a t io n u sin g s h o r th a n d , and t o t r a n s c r i b e th e d i c t a t io n . M a y a ls o
ty p e f r o m w r itte n c o p y .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l .
M a y o c c a s io n a ll y t r a n s c r i b e f r o m
v o i c e r e c o r d in g s ( i f p r im a r y duty is t r a n s c r i b i n g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s , s e e T r a n s c r ib in g - M a c h i n e O p e r a t o r ,
G e n e r a l).

Operates one or a variety of machines such as the tabulator, calculator, collator, interpreter;
sorter, reproducing punch, etc. Excluded from this definition are working supervisors. Also excluded
are operators of electronic digital computers, even though they may also operate EAM equipment.

N O T E : T h is j o b i s d is t in g u is h e d f r o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a s e c r e t a r y n o r m a ll y w o r k s
in a c o n fid e n t ia l r e la t io n s h ip w ith o n ly on e m a n a g e r o r e x e c u t iv e and p e r f o r m s m o r e r e s p o n s i b le and
d i s c r e t io n a r y t a s k s as d e s c r i b e d in th e s e c r e t a r y j o b d e fin it io n .

Glass A. Performs complete reporting and tabulating assignments including devising difficult
control panel wiring under general supervision. Assignments typically involve a variety of long and
complex reports which often are irregular or nonrecurring, requiring some planning of the nature and
sequencing of operations, and the use of a variety of machines. Is typically involved in training new
operators in machine operations or training lower level operators in wiring from diagrams and in
the operating sequences of long and complex reports. Does not include positions in which wiring
responsibility is limited to selection and insertion of prewired boards.

S ten og ra p h er. G en era l
D ic ta tio n in v o lv e s a n o r m a l ro u tin e v o c a b u la r y .
o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e ly ro u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .

M a y m a in ta in

file s ,

keep

s im p le r e c o r d s ,

S t e n o g r a p h e r . S e n io r
D ic ta tio n in v o l v e s a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l iz e d v o c a b u l a r y s u c h as in
r e p o r t s on s c ie n t i f ic r e s e a r c h . M a y a ls o s e t up and m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .

le g a l b r i e f s o r

OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u tie s r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n t ly g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e and r e s p o n s i b il it y
than s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l, as e v id e n c e d b y th e fo llo w in g : W o rk r e q u i r e s a h igh d e g r e e o f s t e n o g r a p h ic
s p e e d and a c c u r a c y ; a th o r o u g h w o rk in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s and o f f i c e p r o c e d u r e ; and o f
the s p e c i f i c b u s in e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n iz a t io n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s , w o r k f lo w , e t c . U s e s t h is
k n o w le d g e in p e r fo r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u tie s and r e s p o n s i b le c l e r i c a l t a s k s su c h as m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p
f i l e s ; a s s e m b lin g m a t e r ia l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , and l e t t e r s ; c o m p o s in g s im p le le t t e r s fr o m
g e n e r a l in s t r u c t io n s ; re a d in g and rou tin g in c o m in g m a il ; and a n s w e rin g r o u tin e q u e s t io n s , e t c .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C la s s A .
O p e r a t e s a s i n g le - o r m u lt i p l e -p o s it i o n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , in tr a p la n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . P e r f o r m s fu ll te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n s e r v i c e o r h a n d les c o m p le x
c a l l s , su ch as c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m il a r c a l l s , e it h e r in a d d itio n t o d oin g rou tin e w o rk
as d e s c r i b e d f o r s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r as a f u l l - t i m e a s s ig n m e n t .
( " F u l l " te le p h o n e
in fo r m a t io n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w hen th e e s t a b lis h m e n t has v a r ie d fu n c t io n s that a re n ot r e a d ily
u n d e rsta n d a b le f o r t e le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e o f o v e r la p p in g o r in t e r r e la t e d
fu n c t io n s , and c o n s e q u e n tly p r e s e n t fr e q u e n t p r o b l e m s as t o w h ic h e x t e n s io n s a re a p p r o p r ia t e f o r c a l l s . )
C la s s B . O p e r a t e s a s i n g le - o r m u lt i p l e -p o s it i o n t e le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , in tr a p la n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s .
M a y h a n dle ro u tin e lo n g d is t a n c e c a ll s and r e c o r d t o l l s .
M ay
p e r f o r m lim it e d t e le p h o n e -in fo r m a t io n s e r v i c e . (" L i m i t e d " t e le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n s e r v i c e o c c u r s i f the
fu n c tio n s o f the e s t a b lis h m e n t s e r v i c e d a re r e a d ily u n d e rsta n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n p u r p o s e s ,
o r i f the r e q u e s t s a re ro u t in e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s io n n u m b e r s w hen s p e c i f i c n a m e s a r e fu r n is h e d , o r i f
c o m p le x c a ll s a re r e f e r r e d t o a n oth er o p e r a t o r .)
T h e s e c l a s s i f ic a t i o n s
c u s t o m e r s in p la c in g c a ll s .

do n ot in c lu d e s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s in te le p h o n e c o m p a n ie s w h o a s s i s t

Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.

Class B . Performs work according to established procedures and under specific instructions.
Assignments typically involve complete but routine and recurring reports or parts of larger and more
complex reports. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical accounting machines such as the
tabulator and calculator, in addition to the simpler machines used by class C operators. May be
required to do some wiring from diagrams. May train new employees in basic machine operations.
Class C. Under specific instructions, operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, interpreter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. Assignments typically
involve portions of a work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs, or repetitive
operations. May perform simple wiring from diagrams, and do some filing work.
T R A N S C R IB IN G rM A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L

Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers
transcribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or
reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in shorthauid or by
Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer.
T Y P IS T

Uses a typewriter to make copies of various materials or to make out bills after calculations
have been made by another person. May include typing of stencils, m ats, or similar materials for
use in duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such as keeping
simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and distributing incoming mail.
Class A. Performs one or more of the following: Typing material in final form when it
involves combining material from several sources; or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication,
punctuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language material; or planning layout and
typing of complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters, varying details to suit circumstances.

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T I O N I S T
In a d d itio n t o p e r io r m in g d u tie s o f o p e r a t o r on a s i n g le - p o s i t i o n o r m o n it o r -t y p e s w itc h b o a r d ,
a cts as r e c e p t i o n is t and m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k as p a rt o f r e g u la r d u tie s . T h is
typin g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y ta k e the m a jo r p a r t o f t h is w o r k e r 's t im e w h ile at s w itc h b o a r d .

Class B . Performs one or me re of the following: Copy typing from rough or clear drafts;
or routine typing of form s, insurance policies, etc; or setting up simple standard tabulations; or
copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
COMPUTER OPERATOR

COMPUTER OPERATOR— Continued

Monitors and operates the control console of a digital computer to process data cccording to
operating instructions, usually prepared by a programmer. Work includes most of the following:
Studies instructions to determine equipment setup and operations; loads equipment with required
items (tape reels, cards, etc.); switches necessary auxiliary equipment into circuit, and starts and
operates computer; makes adjustments to computer to correct operating problems and meet specisil
conditions; reviews errors made during operation and determines cause or refers problem to
supervisor or programmer; and maintains operating records. May test and assist in correcting
program.

Class B. Operates independently, or under only general direction, a computer running
programs with most of the following characteristics: Most of the programs are established production
runs, typically run on a regularly recurring basis; there is little or no testing of new programs
required; alternate programs are provided in case original program needs major change or cannot be
corrected within a reasonably time. In common error situations, diagnoses cause and takes corrective
action. This usually involves applying previously programmed corrective steps, or using standard
correction techniques.

For wage study purposes, computer operators are classified as follows:
Class A. Operates independently, or under only general direction, a computer running
programs with most of the following characteristics: New programs are frequently tested and
introduced; scheduling requirements are of critical importance to minimize downtime; the programs
are of complex design so that identification of error source often requires a working knowledge of the
total program, and alternate programs may not be available. May give direction and guidance t°
lower level operators.




OR
Operates under direct supervision a computer running programs or segments of programs
with the characteristics described for class A. May assist a higher level operator by independently
performing less difficult tasks assigned, and performing difficult tasks following detailed instructions
and with frequent review of operations performed.
Class C. Works on routine programs under close supervision. Is expected to develop working
knowledge of the computer equipment used and ability to detect problems involved in running routine
programs. Usually has received some formal training in computer operation. May assist higher level
operator on complex programs.

C o n v e r t s st a t e m e n t s o f b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p ic a lly p r e p a r e d b y a s y s t e m s a n a ly st, in to a
s e q u e n c e o f d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s w h ic h a re r e q u ir e d to s o lv e the p r o b le m s by a u to m a tic data p r o c e s s in g
eq u ip m e n t. W o rk in g f r o m c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s the p r e c i s e in s t r u c t io n s w h ic h ,
w hen e n t e r e d in to th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d la n g u a g e , ca u s e the m a n ip u la tion o f da ta t o a ch ie v e
d e s ir e d r e s u lt s .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g ;
A p p lie s k n ow led g e o f c o m p u t e r c a p a b il it i e s ,
m a t h e m a t ic s , lo g i c e m p lo y e d b y c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t ic u la r s u b je c t m a tt e r in v o lv e d t o a n a ly ze ch a r ts
and d ia g r a m s o f th e p r o b l e m t o b e p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s se q u e n ce o f p r o g r a m s te p s ; w r it e s d e ta ile d
flo w c h a r t s t o sh ow o r d e r in w h ic h da ta w ill b e p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s t h e s e ch a rts t o c o d e d in s t r u c t io n s
f o r m a c h in e to fo l lo w ; t e s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s t r u c t io n s fo r o p e r a tin g p e r s o n n e l
d u rin g p r o d u c t io n run; a n a ly z e s , r e v i e w s , and a lt e r s p r o g r a m s t o in c r e a s e o p e r a tin g e ff ic i e n c y o r
adapt t o n e w r e q u ir e m e n t s ; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s o f p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t and r e v is io n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s
p e r fo r m i n g b oth s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g sh ou ld be c l a s s i f ie d as s y s t e m s a n a ly sts i f th is is
th e s k ill u s e d t o d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)
D o e s n ot in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r im a r i ly r e s p o n s ib le fo r the m a n a g em en t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o th e r
e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o g r a m m e r s p r im a r ily c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n t i f ic a n d /o r
e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

progra m m ers

a re c l a s s i f i e d as fo llo w s :

G la s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d er on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on c o m p le x p r o b le m s w h ic h
r e q u ir e c o m p e t e n c e in a ll p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m m in g c o n c e p t s and p r a c t i c e s .
W o rk in g fr o m d ia g r a m s
and c h a r t s w h ic h id e n t ify th e n a tu re o f d e s ir e d r e s u lt s , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g step s t o b e a c c o m p lis h e d ,
and th e r e la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n v a r io u s s te p s o f the p r o b le m so lv in g ro u tin e ; p la n s th e fu ll ra n g e
o f p r o g r a m m in g a c t io n s n e e d e d t o e ff ic i e n t ly u tiliz e th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in a ch ie v in g d e s ir e d
en d p r o d u c t s .
At th is le v e l , p r o g r a m m in g i s d iff ic u lt b e c a u s e co m p u t e r eq u ip m en t m u st b e o r g a n iz e d to
p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in t e r r e l a t e d but d i v e r s e p r o d u c t s f r o m n u m e ro u s and d iv e r s e data e le m e n t s . A w id e
v a r ie t y and e x t e n s iv e n u m b e r o f in t e r n a l p r o c e s s in g a ctio n s m u st o c c u r . T h is r e q u ir e s su ch a c t io n s as
d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t io n s w h ic h ca n b e r e u s e d , e s ta b lis h m e n t of lin k a g e p o in ts b etw een
o p e r a t i o n s , a d ju s tm e n ts t o da ta w hen p r o g r a m r e q u ir e m e n t s e x c e e d c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c it y , and
s u b s t a n t ia l m a n ip u la tio n and r e s e q u e n c in g o f data e le m e n t s t o fo r m a h igh ly in te g r a t e d p r o g r a m .
M ay

p r o v id e

fu n c t io n a l

d i r e c t io n t o

lo w e r le v e l

p rogra m m ers

w ho a re

OR
W o r k s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A ) u n d er c l o s e d i r e c t io n o f a h ig h e r
l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r b y in d e p e n d e n tly p e r fo r m in g
l e s s d iff ic u lt t a s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m i n g m o r e d iffic u lt t a s k s und er fa ir ly c l o s e d ir e c t io n .
M a y g u id e o r in s t r u c t lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s C . M a k e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a t io n s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t ic e s and c o n c e p t s u su a lly le a r n e d
in f o r m a l tra in in g c o u r s e s .
A s s ig n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d t o d e v e lo p c o m p e t e n c e in the a p p lic a tio n of
sta n d a rd p r o c e d u r e s t o ro u tin e p r o b l e m s . R e c e iv e s c l o s e s u p e r v is io n on new a s p e c t s o f a s s ig n m e n t s ;
and w o r k i s r e v ie w e d t o v e r i f y its a c c u r a c y and c o n fo r m a n c e w ith re q u ir e d p r o c e d u r e s .
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BU SIN ESS
A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s t o fo r m u la t e p r o c e d u r e s fo r s o lv in g th e m b y u se o f e le c t r o n i c
da ta p r o c e s s in g e q u ip m e n t.
D e v e lo p s a c o m p le t e d e s c r ip t io n o f a ll s p e c ific a t io n s n e e d e d t o en a b le
p r o g r a m m e r s t o p r e p a r e r e q u i r e d d ig it a l c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m s .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g :
A n a ly z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t io n s t o b e a u to m a te d and id e n t ifie s c o n d itio n s and c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d to
a c h ie v e s a t is f a c t o r y r e s u lt s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r and ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d o c u m e n ts t o b e u se d ;
o u t lin e s a c t io n s t o b e p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u t e r s in s u ffic ie n t d e t a il f o r p r e s e n t a t io n to
m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m in g (t y p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p r e p a r a t io n o f w o rk and da ta flo w c h a r t s );
c o o r d i n a t e s the d e v e lo p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s and p a r t ic ip a t e s in t r i a l ru n s o f n ew and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ;
and r e c o m m e n d s eq u ip m e n t c h a n g e s t o o b ta in m o r e e ff e c t iv e o v e r a ll o p e r a t io n s .
(N O T E :
W ork ers
p e r fo r m i n g b oth s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g sh ou ld b e c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s a n a ly sts i f th is i s
th e s k ill u s e d t o d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)
D o e s n ot in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r im a r i ly r e s p o n s ib le f o r the m a n a g em en t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o t h e r
e le c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s t e m s a n a ly sts p r im a r i ly c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n t i f ic o r




sy stem s

a n a ly sts a r e c l a s s i f i e d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d er on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on c o m p le x p r o b le m s in v o lv in g
a ll p h a s e s o f s y s t e m a n a ly s is .
P r o b le m s a re c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f input data and
m u lt i p l e -u s e r e q u ir e m e n t s o f output data. ( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in te g r a te d p r o d u c tio n s c h e d u lin g ,
in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in w h ic h e v e r y ite m o f e a c h ty p e is
a u t o m a t ic a lly p r o c e s s e d t h ro u g h th e fu ll s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r ia t e fo llo w u p a c t io n s a r e in itia te d
b y th e c o m p u t e r .)
C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o d e t e r m in e the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and
a d v is e s s u b je c t -m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e im p lic a t io n s o f new o r r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f data p r o c e s s in g
o p e r a t io n s . M a k es r e c o m m e n d a t io n s , i f n e e d e d , fo r a p p r o v a l o f m a jo r s y s t e m s in s ta lla tio n s o r ch a n g es
and f o r ob ta in in g eq u ip m e n t.
M a y p r o v id e fu n c t io n a l d ir e c t io n t o lo w e r le v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly sts w h o are a s s ig n e d to a s s is t .
C l a s s B . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d er on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on p r o b le m s that a re r e la t iv e ly
u n c o m p lic a t e d t o a n a ly z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , and o p e r a t e . P r o b le m s a re o f lim it e d c o m p le x it y b e c a u s e
s o u r c e s o f in put data a re h o m o g e n e o u s and the output data a re c l o s e l y re la t e d . (F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s
s y s t e m s f o r m a in ta in in g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n ts in a ban k , m a in ta in in g a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le in a re t a il
e s t a b lis h m e n t , o r m a in ta in in g in v e n t o r y a c c o u n ts in a m a n u fa ctu rin g o r w h o le s a le e s t a b lis h m e n t .)
C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o d e t e r m in e the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b l e m s and a d v is e s s u b je c t m a tt e r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a t io n s o f the data p r o c e s s in g s y s t e m s to be a p p lied .
OR
W o r k s .on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p le x da ta p r o c e s s in g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m , as d e s c r i b e d fo r c l a s s A.
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly on r o u tin e a s s ig n m e n t s and r e c e iv e s in s t r u c t io n and g u id a n ce on c o m p le x
a s s ig n m e n t s . W o r k is r e v ie w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t, c o m p lia n c e w ith in s t r u c t io n s , and to in s u re
p r o p e r a lig n m e n t w ith th e o v e r a ll s y s t e m .
C la s s C . W o r k s u n d er im m e d ia t e s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y in g out a n a ly s e s as a s s ig n e d , u su a lly
o f a s in g le a c t iv it y .
A s s ig n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d t o d e v e lo p and ex p a n d p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e in the
a p p lic a tio n o f p r o c e d u r e s and s k il ls r e q u ir e d fo r s y s t e m s a n a ly s is w o r k . F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s is t a
h ig h e r l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly st b y p r e p a r in g th e d e t a ile d s p e c i fic a t i o n s r e q u ir e d by p r o g r a m m e r s fr o m
in fo r m a t io n d e v e lo p e d b y the h ig h e r le v e l a n a ly st.

a s s ig n e d t o a s s i s t .

C l a s s B . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d er on ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t io n on r e la t iv e ly s im p le p r o g r a m s ,
o r on s im p le s e g m e n t s o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s . P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n t s ) u su a lly p r o c e s s in fo r m a t io n to
p r o d u c e da ta in tw o o r t h r e e v a r ie d s e q u e n c e s o r fo r m a t s .
R e p o r ts and li s t i n g s a re p r o d u c e d b y
r e fin in g , a d a p tin g , a r r a y in g , o r m a k in g m in o r a d d ition s t o o r d e le t io n s fr o m input da ta w h ich a re
r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e p r o c e s s e d , the data have b een r e fin e d in p r i o r
a c t io n s s o that th e a c c u r a c y and s e q u e n c in g o f data can b e t e s t e d b y usin g a few rou tin e c h e c k s .
T y p ic a l ly , th e p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith ro u tin e r e c o r d -k e e p in g ty p e o p e r a t io n s .

engineering problems.

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s ,

DRAFTER
C la s s A . P la n s the g r a p h ic p r e s e n t a t io n o f c o m p le x it e m s ha vin g d is t in c t iv e d esig n fe a tu re s
that d i ff e r s ig n ific a n t ly fr o m e s t a b lis h e d d r a ftin g p r e c e d e n t s . W o r k s in c l o s e su p port w ith the d e s ig n
o r i g in a t o r , and m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n ch a n g e s .
A n a ly z e s the e ff e c t o f e a ch ch a n g e on the
d e t a ils o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , and p o s it io n a l r e la t io n s h ip s o f c o m p o n e n t s and p a r t s .
W o rk s w ith a
m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s i s t a n c e . C o m p le t e d w o rk is r e v ie w e d by d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r fo r c o n s is t e n c y
w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m in a t io n s . M ay e it h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t io n by
lo w e r le v e l d r a f t e r s .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n r o u tin e and c o m p le x d r a ftin g a s s ig n m e n t s that r e q u ir e the a p p lica tion
o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d iz e d d ra w in g t e c h n iq u e s r e g u la r ly u sed . D u ties t y p ic a lly in v o lv e su ch w o rk as:
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith ir r e g u l a r s h a p e s , m u ltip le fu n c tio n s , and p r e c i s e
p o s it io n a l r e la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s fo r c o n s t r u c tio n o f a
b u ild in g in clu d in g d e t a il d r a w in g s o f fo u n d a tio n s , w a ll s e c t io n s , f l o o r p la n s , and r o o f. U s e s a c c e p t e d
fo r m u la s and m a n u a ls in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y c o m p u t a t io n s t o d e t e r m in e q u a n tities o f m a te r ia ls to be
u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t ie s , s t r e n g t h s , s t r e s s e s , e t c .
R e c e iv e s in it ia l in s t r u c t io n s , r e q u ir e m e n t s , and
a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le t e d w o rk is c h e c k e d fo r t e c h n i c a l a d e q u a cy .
C la s s C .
P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s o f s in g le units o r p a rts fo r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c tio n ,
m a n u fa c t u r in g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s .
T y p e s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in clu d e is o m e t r i c p r o je c t io n s
(d e p ic tin g t h r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) and s e c t io n a l v ie w s t o c l a r i f y p o s it io n in g o f co m p o n e n ts
and c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a t io n .
C o n s o lid a t e s d e t a ils fr o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s and a d ju sts o r
t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e as r e q u ir e d .
S u g g e s te d m e th o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v ic e on
s o u r c e m a t e r ia ls a re g iv e n w ith in it ia l a s s ig n m e n t s . I n s t r u c t io n s a r e l e s s c o m p le t e when a ssig n m e n ts
recu r.
W o rk m a y b e s p o t -c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T E R -T R A C E R
C o p ie s p la n s and d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s by p la cin g t r a c in g c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r d r a w in g s
and t r a c in g w ith pen o r p e n c il .
(D o e s not in clu d e t r a c in g lim it e d t o p la n s p r im a r ily c o n s is tin g of
st r a ig h t lin e s and a la r g e s c a l e not r e q u ir in g c l o s e d e lin e a t io n .)
A N D /O R
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e t it iv e d r a w in g s o f e a s il y v is u a l iz e d it e m s .
d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

W o rk is c l o s e l y

s u p e r v is e d

W o r k s on v a r io u s t y p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t and r e la t e d d e v i c e s b y p e r fo r m in g on e o r a
co m b in a tio n o f th e fo llo w in g : I n s t a llin g , m a in ta in in g , r e p a ir in g , o v e r h a u lin g , t r o u b le s h o o t in g , m o d ify in g ,
c o n s t r u c tin g , and t e s t in g . W o r k r e q u i r e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a t io n o f t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e o f e le c t r o n i c s
p r in c ip le s , a b ility t o d e t e r m in e m a lfu n c t io n s , and s k il l t o put eq u ip m en t in r e q u ir e d o p e r a t in g co n d itio n .

C l a s s B . A p p lie s c o m p r e h e n s iv e t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e t o s o l v e c o m p le x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , t h o s e
that t y p ic a lly can b e s o lv e d s o l e ly b y p r o p e r ly in t e r p r e t in g m a n u fa c t u r e r s ' m a n u a ls o r s i m il a r
d o c u m e n t s ) in w ork in g on e le c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t. W o r k in v o l v e s : A f a m il ia r i t y w ith the in t e r r e l a t i o n ­
s h ip s o f c i r c u it s ; and ju d g m en t in d e te r m in in g w o r k s e q u e n c e and in s e le c t in g t o o l s and t e s t in g
in s t r u m e n t s , u su a lly l e s s c o m p le x than t h o s e u s e d b y th e c l a s s A t e c h n ic ia n .

T h e eq u ip m en t— c o n s is t in g o f e it h e r m a n y d iffe r e n t k in d s o f c i r c u i t s o r m u lt ip le r e p e t it io n o f
the s a m e -k in d o f c i r c u it — in c lu d e s , but is n ot li m it e d t o , th e fo llo w in g :
(a ) E l e c t r o n i c tra n s m it t in g
and r e c e iv in g eq u ip m en t ( e . g . , r a d a r , r a d io , t e le v i s io n , t e le p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v ig a t io n a l a id s ), (b )
d ig it a l and a n a log c o m p u t e r s , and ( c ) in d u s t r ia l and m e d i c a l m e a s u r in g and c o n t r o llin g e q u ip m en t.

R e c e iv e s t e c h n ic a l g u id a n c e , as r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n , and
w o r k i s r e v ie w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s and w o r k a s s ig n m e n t s . M a y p r o v id e
t e c h n ic a l g u id an ce t o lo w e r le v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .

T h is c l a s s i fic a t i o n e x c lu d e s r e p a ir m e n o f s u c h sta n d a rd e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t as c o m m o n o ff ic e
m a c h in e s and h o u s e h o ld r a d io and t e le v i s io n s e t s ; p r o d u c t io n a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o se
p r im a r y duty is s e r v ic in g e le c t r o n i c t e s t in s t r u m e n t s ; t e c h n ic ia n s w h o h a ve a d m in is t r a t iv e o r
s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s i b il it y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s ig n e r s , and p r o f e s s io n a l e n g in e e r s .

C l a s s C . A p p lie s w ork in g t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e t o p e r f o r m s im p le o r r o u t in e t a s k s in w o rk in g
on e le c t r o n i c eq u ip m en t, fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s t r u c t io n s w h ic h c o v e r v ir t u a lly a ll p r o c e d u r e s .
W ork
t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s su c h t a s k s a s: A s s is tin g h ig h e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s b y p e r fo r m in g s u c h a c t iv i t ie s as
r e p la c in g co m p o n e n t s , w ir in g c i r c u i t s , and ta k in g t e s t r e a d in g s ; r e p a ir in g s im p le e l e c t r o n i c eq u ip m e n t;
and u sin g t o o ls and c o m m o n t e s t in stru m e n ts ( e . g . , m u lt i m e t e r s , a u d io s ig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tu b e t e s t e r s ,
o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) . Is n ot r e q u ir e d t o b e fa m ilia r w ith th e in t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s . T h is k n o w le d g e ,
h o w e v e r , m a y be a c q u ir e d th rou g h a s s ig n m e n ts d e s ig n e d t o in c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e (in clu d in g c l a s s r o o m
t r a in in g ) s o that w o r k e r can a dv an ce t o h ig h e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n .

P o s it io n s a re c l a s s i f i e d in to le v e l s on th e b a s is o f th e fo llo w in g d e fin it io n s .

C la s s A . A p p lie s a d v a n c e d t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e t o s o lv e u n u su a lly c o m p le x p r o b l e m s ( i . e .,
t h o s e that t y p ic a lly ca n n ot b e s o lv e d s o l e ly b y
r e f e r e n c e t o m a n u fa c t u r e r s ' m a n u a ls o r s i m il a r
d o c u m e n ts ) in w o rk in g on e l e c t r o n i c eq u ip m e n t.
E x a m p le s o f su ch p r o b l e m s in clu d e lo c a t io n and
d e n sity o f c i r c u i t r y , e le c t r o - m a g n e t ic ra d ia tio n , is o la t in g m a lfu n c t io n s , and fr e q u e n t e n g in e e r in g
ch a n g e s.
W o rk in v o l v e s :
A d e t a ile d u n d ersta n d in g o f th e in t e r r e la t io n s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g
in depen den t ju d g m e n t in p e r fo r m in g s u c h t a s k s as m a k in g c i r c u it a n a ly s e s , c a lc u la t in g w av e f o r m s ,
t r a c in g r e la t io n s h ip s in s ig n a l flo w ; and r e g u la r ly usin g c o m p le x t e s t in s t r u m e n t s ( e . g . , du al t r a c e
o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia tio n m e t e r s , p u ls e g e n e r a t o r s ) .
W o r k m a y b e r e v ie w e d b y
c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s .

s u p e r v is o r (fr e q u e n t ly an e n g in e e r o r d e s ig n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l
M ay p r o v id e t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e t o lo w e r le v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .

R e c e iv e s t e c h n ic a l g u id a n c e , as r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r le v e l t e c h n ic ia n . W o rk
is t y p ic a lly sp ot c h e c k e d , but is g iv e n d e ta ile d r e v ie w w h en n ew o r a d v a n c e d a s s ig n m e n t s a r e in v o lv e d .
N U R SE , IN D U S T R IA L (R e g is t e r e d )
A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g iv e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d i c a l d i r e c t io n t o i l l o r in ju r e d
e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r s u f fe r an a c c id e n t on th e p r e m i s e s o f a f a c t o r y o r
o th e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
D u ties in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo l lo w i n g :
G iv in g f i r s t a id t o th e i l l o r
in ju r e d ; atten din g t o su b seq u en t d r e s s in g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n ju r ie s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s o f p a tie n ts t r e a t e d ;
p r e p a r in g acciderit r e p o r t s fo r c o m p e n s a tio n o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s is t in g in p h y s ic a l e x a m in a t io n s and
h ea lth e v a lu a tio n s o f a p p lica n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and p la n n in g and c a r r y i n g out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h ea lth
e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , ev a lu a tion o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t , o r o t h e r a c t iv i t ie s a ffe c t in g th e h e a lth ,
w e lf a r e , and sa fe ty o f a ll p e r s o n n e l. N u rsin g s u p e r v is o r s o r h ea d n u r s e s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g
m o r e than on e n u r s e a re e x clu d e d .

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
B O IL E R T E N D E R

E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y — C ontinued

F i r e s s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r s t o fu r n is h th e e s t a b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t, p o w e r ,
o r stea m .
F e e d s fu e ls t o fi r e b y hand o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; and
c h e c k s w a t e r and s a fe t y v a lv e s .
M ay c le a n , o i l , o r a s s is t in r e p a ir in g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m en t.

s te a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a te r p u m p s; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; and k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n
o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , and fu e l co n s u m p t io n .
M a y a ls o s u p e r v is e t h e s e o p e r a t io n s .
H ea d o r
c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e than one e n g in e e r a re e x c l u d e d .

C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

P e r f o r m s the c a r p e n t r y d u ties n e c e s s a r y t o c o n s t r u c t and m a in ta in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o rk and eq u ip m en t su c h as b in s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t it io n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a ir s ,
c a s i n g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g
and la y in g out o f w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t io n s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f
c a r p e n t e r '8 h a n d t o o ls , p o r t a b le p o w e r t o o l s , and sta n d a rd m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g sta n d a rd
sh op co m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g t o d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e le c t in g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y f o r the w o r k . In
g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n ce c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly
a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

A s s is t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k il le d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r fo r m i n g s p e c i f i c o r
g e n e r a l d u tie s o f l e s s e r s k ill, su ch as k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r ia ls and t o o l s ; c le a n in g
w o rk in g a r e a , m a c h in e , and e q u ip m en t; a s s is t in g jo u r n e y m a n b y h old in g m a t e r ia ls o r t o o l s ; and
p e r fo r m in g o th er u n s k ille d t a sk s as d i r e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n . T h e k in d o f w o rk the h e lp e r is p e r m it t e d
t o p e r f o r m v a r ie s fr o m tr a d e t o t r a d e : In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e lp e r i s c o n fin e d t o s u p p ly in g , lift in g ,
and h old in g m a te r ia ls and t o o ls , and c le a n in g w o rk in g a r e a s ; and in o t h e r s he is p e r m it t e d t o p e r f o r m
s p e c i a l iz e d m a ch in e o p e r a t io n s , o r p a rts o f a t r a d e that a r e a ls o p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a
fu l l- t im e b a s is .

E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN T E N A N C E

M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O L R O O M

P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c tio n s s u c h as th e in s t a lla t io n , m a in t e n a n c e , o r
r e p a ir o f eq u ip m en t f o r the g e n e r a t io n , d i s t r ib u t io n , o r u tiliz a t io n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In sta llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l eq u ip m en t
su c h as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w itc h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u it b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h ea tin g u n its,
con d u it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t; w o rk in g f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , la y o u t s , o r
o th e r s p e c i fic a t i o n s ; lo c a t in g and d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in th e e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t; w o rk in g
sta n d a rd co m p u ta tio n s re la tin g t o lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s o f w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; and u sin g a
v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls and m e a s u r in g and t e s tin g in s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f the
m a in ten a n ce e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a fo r m a l
a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r eq u iv a le n t t ra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

S p e c ia liz e s in th e o p e r a t io n o f one o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s , s u c h as j ig b o r e r s ,
c y l in d r ic a l o r s u r fa c e g r i n d e r s , en g in e la t h e s , o r m illin g m a c h in e s , in th e c o n s t r u c t i o n o f m a c h in e sh op t o o ls , g a u g e s , j i g s , fi x t u r e s , o r d i e s .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the fo l lo w i n g : P la n n in g and
p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m a ch in in g o p e r a t io n s ; p r o c e s s i n g it e m s r e q u ir in g c o m p li c a t e d se tu p s o r a
high d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e le c t in g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o lin g , and o p e r a tio n s e q u e n c e ; and m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm e n ts d u rin g o p e r a t io n to
a ch ie v e r e q u is it e t o le r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s . M a y b e r e q u i r e d t o r e c o g n iz e w hen t o o l s n e e d d r e s s i n g ,
t o d r e s s t o o l s , and t o s e le c t p r o p e r c o o la n ts and cu ttin g and lu b r ic a t in g o il s .
F o r c r o s s -in d u s t r y
w ag e study p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e -t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g s h o p s a r e e x c lu d e d
f r o m th is c l a s s i fic a t i o n .

E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y

M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E

O p e r a te s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e th e o p e r a t io n o f s t a t io n a r y e n g in e s and
eq u ip m en t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) t o su p p ly th e e s t a b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , h e a t,
r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a ir - c o n d it io n in g .
W o r k in v o l v e s :
O p e r a tin g and m a in ta in in g eq u ip m en t s u c h as
ste a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b in e s , v e n tila tin g and r e f r i g e r a t i n g e q u ip m e n t,

P r o d u c e s re p la c e m e n t p a r t s and n ew p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ic a l
eq u ip m en t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In t e r p r e t in g w ritte n
in s t r u c t io n s and s p e c i fic a t i o n s ; pla n n in g and la y in g out o f w o r k ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in is t 's h a n d to o ls
and p r e c i s io n m e a su rin g in s t r u m e n t s ; settin g up and o p e r a t in g sta n d a rd m a ch in e t o o l s ; sh a p in g o f m e ta l




p a r t s t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s re la tin g t o d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o lin g ,
f e e d s , and s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f the w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s o f the c o m m o n m e t a ls ; s e le c t in g
sta n d a rd m a t e r ia ls , p a r t s , and eq u ip m e n t r e q u ir e d fo r th is w o r k ; and fitting and a s s e m b lin g p a r t s in to
m e c h a n i c a l eq u ip m e n t.
In g e n e r a l, th e m a c h in is t 's w o rk n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rou n d ed tra in in g in
m a c h in e -s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .

P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l ls , w o o d w o r k , and fix t u r e s o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s the
fo l lo w i n g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r fa c e p e c u li a r it i e s and t y p e s o f paint r e q u i r e d f o r d iffe r e n t a p p lic a t io n s ;
p r e p a r in g s u r fa c e f o r pa in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p la c in g pu tty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o le s and
in t e r s t i c e s ; and a p p ly in g paint w ith s p r a y gun o r b r u s h . M a y m ix c o l o r s , o i l s , w hite le a d , and o th e r
paint in g r e d ie n t s t o o b ta in p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n s is t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n ce
p a in t e r r e q u ir e s rou n d ed t ra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M a in te n a n c e )
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a ir s a u t o m o b i le s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s
m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g : E x a m in in g a u to m o tiv e eq u ip m en t t o d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g
e q u ip m e n t and p e r fo r m i n g r e p a i r s that in v o lv e the u se o f su c h h a n d to o ls as w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r i l l s ,
o r s p e c i a l iz e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b li n g o r fittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b rok en o r d e f e c t iv e p a r t s fr o m
s t o c k ; g rin d in g and a d ju stin g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and in s ta llin g the v a r io u s a s s e m b li e s in th e v e h ic le
and m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ; and a lig n in g w h e e ls , a dju stin g b r a k e s and lig h t s , o r tig h ten in g b od y
b o lt s . ' In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e a u to m o tiv e m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly
a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r eq u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s n ot in c lu d e m e c h a n ic s w ho r e p a ir c u s t o m e r s ' v e h ic le s in a u to m o b ile
r e p a i r sh o p s .

M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l eq u ip m en t o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e
fo l lo w i n g ;
E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m en t t o d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d ism a n tlin g
o r p a r t ly d is m a n t lin g m a c h in e s and p e r fo r m i n g r e p a ir s that m a in ly in v o lv e the u se o f h a n d to o ls in
s c r a p in g and fittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r d e fe c t iv e p a rts w ith ite m s ob ta in ed f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r in g
the p r o d u c t io n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a ch in e sh op o r sen d in g o f the m a ch in e t o a m a c h in e sh op
f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r in g w r it te n s p e c i fic a t i o n s fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r fo r the p r o d u c t io n o f p a r t s
o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e s h o p s ; r e a s s e m b l in g m a c h in e s ; and m a k in g a ll n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm e n ts fo r
o p e r a t io n . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f a m a in te n a n ce m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s roun ded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e
u s u a lly a c q u ir e d t h ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r eq u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . E x c lu d e d f r o m
t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y du ties in v o lv e settin g up o r a dju stin g m a c h in e s .

M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a lls n ew m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t, and d is m a n tle s and in s t a lls m a c h in e s o r h ea v y
eq u ip m e n t w hen ch a n g e s in th e pla n t la y o u t a re r e q u ir e d .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g :
P la n n in g and la y in g out o f th e w o r k ; in te r p r e t in g b lu e p rin ts o r o th e r s p e c i fic a t i o n s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f
h a n d to o ls and r ig g in g ; m a k in g s ta n d a rd s h o p co m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g t o s t r e s s e s , s tr e n g th o f m a t e r ia ls ,
and c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; a lig n in g and b a la n c in g o f e q u ip m en t; s e le c t in g sta n d a rd t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t, and
p a r t s t o b e u s e d ; and in s t a llin g and m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m is s io n e q u ip m e n t su c h as
d r iv e s and s p e e d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, th e m il lw r ig h t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a ro u n d e d tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r eq u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

I n s t a lls o r r e p a ir s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r ty p e s o f p ip e and p ip e fittin g s in an e s t a b lis h ­
m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g : L a y in g out o f w o r k and m e a s u r in g t o lo c a t e p o s it io n o f
p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o t h e r w r itte n s p e c i f ic a t i o n s ; cu ttin g v a r io u s s i z e s o f p ip e t o c o r r e c t len gth s
w ith c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y le n e t o r c h o r p ip e -c u t t in g m a c h in e s ; th re a d in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s and
d ie s ; b en d in g p ip e b y h a n d -d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s and
fa ste n in g p ip e t o h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s ta n d a rd sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g t o p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f
p ip e r e q u ir e d ; and m a k in g sta n d a rd t e s t s t o d e t e r m in e w h e th e r fin is h e d p ip e s m e e t s p e c i fic a t i o n s . In
g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f the m a in te n a n ce p i p e f it t e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly
a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
W o r k e r s p r im a r i ly
e n g a g e d in in s t a llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g s a n ita tio n o r h ea tin g s y s t e m s a r e e x c lu d e d .
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
F a b r i c a t e s , in s t a l ls , and m a in ta in s in g o o d r e p a ir th e s h e e t - m e t a l eq u ip m en t and fix tu r e s (s u ch
as m a ch in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t il a t o r s , ch u te s , d u c t s , m e t a l r o o fin g )
o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo l lo w i n g : P la n n in g and la y in g out a ll t y p e s o f s h e e t m e t a l m a in te n a n ce w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , m o d e l s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f ic a t i o n s ; settin g up and o p e r a tin g a ll
a v a ila b le t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o rk in g m a c h in e s ; usin g a v a r ie t y o f h a n d to o ls in cu ttin g , b en d in g ,
fo r m in g , sh a p in g , fit t in g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s t a llin g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t ic le s as r e q u ir e d . In g e n e r a l,
th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n ce s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly
a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
T O O L AND D IE M A K E R
C o n s t r u c t s and r e p a i r s m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a u g e s , j i g s , fix tu r e s o r d ie s fo r fo r g in g s , p u n ch in g ,
and o t h e r m e t a l -f o r m in g w o r k . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f the fo l lo w i n g : P la n n in g and la y in g out o f w ork
f r o m m o d e l s , b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , o r o t h e r o r a l and w ritte n s p e c i f ic a t i o n s ; using a v a r ie t y o f t o o l and
die m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e rsta n d in g o f the w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s of
c o m m o n m e t a ls and a llo y s ; settin g up and o p e r a t in g o f m a ch in e t o o ls and r e la t e d e q u ip m en t; m a king
n e c e s s a r y sh op c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g t o d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , and t o o lin g o f m a c h in e s ;
h e a t -t r e a t in g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u rin g fa b r ic a t io n as w e ll as o f f i n is h e d t o o ls and d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d
q u a lit ie s ; w o rk in g t o c l o s e t o le r a n c e s ; fittin g and a s s e m b lin g o f p a r t s t o p r e s c r ib e d t o le r a n c e s and
a llo w a n c e s ; and s e le c t in g a p p r o p r ia t e m a t e r ia ls , t o o l s , and p r o c e s s e s .
In g e n e r a l, the t o o l and die
m a k e r 's w o rk r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d t r a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ir e d
th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f ic a t i o n .

t o o l and d ie m a k e r s in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g

sh op s

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
G UARD AND W A T C H M E N

L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L H A N D LIN G

G uard.
P e r f o r m s r o u tin e p o l i c e d u tie s , e it h e r at fix e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a in ta in in g o r d e r ,
u sin g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
In c lu d e s g a te m e n w h o a re sta tion ed at g ate and c h e c k on
id e n tity o f e m p l o y e e s and o t h e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa ctu rin g p la n t, s t o r e , o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t w h ose
d u tie s in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e fo l lo w i n g : L o a d in g and u n loa d in g v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and m e r c h a n d is e
on o r f r o m fr e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t in g d e v i c e s ; u n p a ck in g , s h e lv in g , o r p la cin g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t io n ; and t r a n s p o r t in g m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e by
h a n d tr u ck , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d and u n loa d s h ip s a re e x c lu d e d .

W a tch m a n .
and il l e g a l e n try .

O R D E R F IL L E R

M a k e s r o u n d s o f p r e m i s e s p e r io d ic a l ly in p r o t e c t in g p r o p e r t y a g a in st f i r e , t h e ft ,

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R

C le a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y co n d it io n fa c t o r y w o rk in g a r e a s and w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m is e s
o f an o f f i c e , a p a rtm e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o th e r e s t a b lis h m e n t . D uties in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f
the fo llo w in g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g c h i p s , t r a s h , arid o th e r
r e f u s e ; d u stin g e q u ip m e n t, fu r n it u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l fix tu r e s o r t r i m m in g s ; p r o v id in g
s u p p lie s and m in o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; and c le a n in g la v a t o r ie s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s
w h o s p e c i a l iz e in w in d o w w a s h in g a r e e x c lu d e d .




F i l l s sh ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r fin is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e
w ith s p e c i fic a t i o n s on s a le s s l ip s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o t h e r in s t r u c t io n s .
M a y , in a d d ition to
fillin g o r d e r s and in d ic a tin g it e m s fi ll e d o r o m it t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f ou tg oin g o r d e r s , r e q u is it io n
a d d itio n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p lie s t o s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m o t h e r r e la t e d d u tie s.
P A C K E R , SH IP P IN G
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p la c in g th e m in sh ipp in g c o n t a in e r s ,
th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d ep en d en t upon the t y p e , s i z e , and n u m b er o f units t o b e
p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n t a in e r e m p lo y e d , and m e t h o d o f s h ip m e n t. W o r k r e q u ir e s the p la cin g o f ite m s
in sh ip p in g c o n t a in e r s and m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e fo l lo w i n g : K n ow led g e o f v a r io u s ite m s o f

stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing and
sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make
wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible for incoming shipments
of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work involves; A knowledge of shipping procedures,
practices, routes, available means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping
records. May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves:
Verifying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices,
or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchandise or
materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary records and files.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m aterials, merchandise, equipment,
or men between various types of establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots,
warehouses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and customers'
houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor
mechanical repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Driver-salesm en and over-the-road
drivers are excluded.




follows:

For wage study purposes, truckdrivera are classified by size and type of equipment, as
(Tractor-trailer should be rated on the basis of trailer capacity.)
T r u c k d r iv e r (c o m b in a t io n o f sizeB l i s t e d s e p a r a t e l y )

Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,

light (under 1l/z tons)
medium (l*/i to and including 4 tons)
heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered truck or tractor to transport
goods and materials of all kinds about a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
W AREHOUS EM AN
As directed, performs a variety of warehousing duties which require an understanding of
the establishment's storage plan. Work involves most of the following: Verifying mate rials (or
merchandise) against receiving documents, noting and reporting discrepancies and obvious damages;
routing materials to prescribed storage locations; storing, stacking, or palletizing materials in
accordance with prescribed storage methods; rearranging and taking inventory of stored m aterials;
examining stored materials and reporting deterioration and damage; removing material from storage
and preparing it for shipment. May operate hand or power trucks in performing warehousing duties.
Exclude workers whose primary duties involve shipping and receiving work (see shipping and
receiving clerk and packer, shipping), order filling (see order filler), or operating power trucks (see
trucker, power).

Area Wage Surveys
A li s t o f th e la t e s t a v a ila b le b u lle t in s o r b u lle tin su p p le m e n ts is p r e s e n t e d b e lo w .
A d ire c to ry o f
S ta n d a rd s A d m in is t r a t io n o f th e D e p a r tm e n t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t.
B u lle t in s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d
o b ta in e d w ith ou t c o s t , w h e r e in d ic a t e d , f r o m B L S r e g io n a l o f f i c e s .

A rea

B u lle t in n u m b e r
and p r i c e *

F ree
A k r o n , O h io , D e c . 1 9 7 4 -------------------------------------- -- -------------------- ---------------------------- ..--------------S u pp l.
A lba n y—S c he nectady^-T r o y , N .Y ., S e p t. 1974__________ ___________ . . . _____________________S upp l.
F ree
A lb u q u e r q u e , N. M e x ., M a r . 1974 2_____ ______ ____________ . . . _______________________ ____ S u pp l.
F ree
A lle n to w n — e t h le h e m — a s t o n , P a .—N .J ., M a y 1974 2 _____ . . . . ___________________ . . . ____ Suppl.
B
E
F ree
A n a h e im — a n ta Ana— a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , O c t . 1974 1_________ _______________________ 1 8 5 0 -9 ,
S
G
85 ce n ts
A tla n ta , G a ., M a y 1 9 7 5 1--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -2 5 , $ 1 .0 0
A u s tin , T e x . , D e c . 1974--------- ------------------------------------------- . . . . _______________________________ S upp l.
F ree
B a lt i m o r e , M d . , A u g . 1974---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------S u pp l.
F ree
B e a u m o n t—P o r t A rth u i—O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1974 2 _______________ ________________________Suppl.
F ree
B i ll in g s , M o n t ., J u ly 1974 1--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -6 , 75 c e n ts
B in g h a m to n , N .Y .—P a . , J u ly 1 9 7 4 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Su pp l.
F ree
F ree
B i r m in g h a m , A l a ., M a r . 1975______________________________________________________________ S upp l.
B o i s e C i t y , Id a h o , N o v . 1973 2 --------------------------------------------------- ----------------------------------------- S upp l.
F ree
B o s t o n , M a s s ., A u g . 1 9 7 4 ------------ --------------------------------------------------------- --------------------- -------- S u pp l.
F ree
F ree
B u f fa lo , N .Y ., O ct. 1 9 7 4 -------------------------------- —______________ _______________________________ S upp l.
B u r lin g t o n , V t . , D e c . 1973 2 ______________________ _________________________________________ S u pp l.
F ree
C a n to n , O h io , M a y 1 9 7 5 _ _ —____ _ ___ _______ ______ _________ ________ ______________ ___ __ S u p p l.
_
F ree
C h a r l e s t o n , W . V a . , M a r . 1 9 7 4 * ----------------- —____ _________ _________________________ _____ S upp l.
F ree
C h a r l o t t e , N .C ., J an. 1974 2 ____ ________________________________ ___________________________ S upp l.
F ree
C h a tta n o o g a , T e n n . - G a . , S ep t. 1 9 7 4 ______ ________________________________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
C h i c a g o , 111., M a y 1 9 7 5 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -3 3 , 85 c e n ts
C in c in n a t i, O h io— y .— n d ., F e b . 1 9 7 5 ______________________________ ____________________ __ S u p p l.
K
I
F ree
C le v e la n d , O h io , S ep t. 1 9 7 4 * __________ ______________________ ______________________________ 1 8 5 0 -1 7 , $ 1 .0 0
C o lu m b u s , O h io , O ct. 1974__________________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
C o r p u s C h r i s t i , T e x . , J u ly 1 9 7 5 _ _ _ ________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 7 , 65 c e n ts
D a l la s , T e x . , O ct. 1973 2 ___ __ ______________________________________________________________Suppl.
F ree
D a lla s —F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O ct. 1974_______________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
M
F ree
D a v e n p o rt—R o c k I s la n d — o l in e , Iow a—111.,F e b . 1975_____________________________________ S upp l.
D a y to n , O h io , D e c . 1974 1 - __________________________________________ _____ ____________ ______ 1 8 5 0 -1 4 , 80 ce n ts
D a y ton a B e a c h , F l a . , A u g . 1974 1 __________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -1 , 75 ce n ts
D e n v e r , C o l o ., D e c . 1973 2___________________________________ -______________________________ S upp l.
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D e n v e i^ B o u ld e r , C o l o ., D e c . 1974 1_____________ ____ _____________ ________________________ 1 8 5 0 -1 5 , 85 c e n ts
D es M o in e s , Io w a , M a y 1974 2 _________ ______ ___________________ ___ ____________________ _ S upp l.
_
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D e t r o it , M i c h ., M a r . 1 9 7 5 __________________ __________________________ ______________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 2 , 85 ce n ts
65 c e n ts
D u rh a m , N .C ., D e c . 1973 2 _________________________ - ______ _________________________________ 1 7 9 5 -9 ,
F o r t L a u d e r d a le —H o lly w o o d and W e s t P a lm B e a c h — o c a R a to n , F l a . , A p r . 1975 L . 1 8 5 0 -2 6 , 80 ce n ts
B
F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t . 1973 2 _______________________________________ ______________________ S upp l.
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F r e s n o , C a l i f . 1 3 ___________________________ ________________________;_________ _______________
G a i n e s v il le , F la ., S ep t. 1974 1 ______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -1 1 , 75 ce n ts
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u ly 1974________________________________________________ ____________ ____ S upp l.
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G r e e n s b o r o — i n s t o n -S a le m - H ig h P o in t , N .C ., A u g . 1974 1_____________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 , 80 ce n ts
W
G r e e n v i l l e , S .C ., J u n e 1 9 7 5 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -4 2 , 65 c e n t s
H a r t f o r d , C o n n ., M a r . 1 9 7 5 1 _______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 8 , 80 ce n ts
H o u s to n , T e x . , A p r . 1975__ __ _______ _____________________________ _________________________ S u p p l.
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H u n t s v ille , A l a . , F e b . 1 9 7 5 ___ ________________________________________________________ ____ _ S u pp l.
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I n d ia n a p o lis , I n d ., O c t . 1974_____ ,___ — ____________________________________________________S upp l.
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J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1975 __________ ______ __________ _________ _____ __________________ ___ S u p p l.
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J a c k s o n v il le , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 7 4 ____ ____________________________ „
___________________ ____ S u pp l.
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K a n s a s C it y , M o . - K a n s . , S ep t. 1974_______________________________________________________ S upp l.
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L a w r e n c e —H a v e r h ill, M a s s .—N .H ., June 1974 2__ _______________________________________ S upp l.
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L e x in g to n —F a y e t t e , K y . , N ov . 1 9 7 4 __________________________________________________ ___ __ S u pp l.
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L it t le R ock^-N orth L it t le R o c k , A r k . , J u ly 1973 2 _____ ____ _____________ _________________ S u p p l.
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L o s A n g e le s —L on g B e a c h , C a l i f . , O ct. 1974____________ ____ ____ _____________________ ___ S u p p l.
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L o s A n g e le s —L on g B e a c h and A n a h e im — a n ta Ana— a r d e n
S
G
G r o v e , C a l i f . , O c t . 1973 2 __ _ _______________ _____________ __________ ____________________ S upp l.
_
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L o u i s v i l l e , K y .— n d ., N ov . 1974 1
I
— ___________________ ____________________________ __ 1 8 5 0 -1 2 , 80 ce n ts
L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1974 2 _____ _________ ___________________ „
_____________________ ___ S upp l.
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M a n e he ste r , N .H ., J u ly 1973 2 ___ ___ ___ ___________________________ ______________________S u p p l.
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M e lb o u r n e —T it u s v i ll e —C o c o a , F l a . , A u g . 1974 1__________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 , 75 c e n t s
* Prices are determined by the Government Printing Office and are subject to change.
1 Data on establishment practices *nd supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
2 No longer surveyed.
3 To be surveyed.




a r e a w a g e s tu d ie s in clu d in g m o r e li m it e d s tu d ie s co n d u c t e d at th e r e q u e s t o f the E m p lo y m e n t
f r o m any o f th e B L S r e g io n a l o f f i c e s sh ow n on the b a c k c o v e r .
B u lle tin su p p le m e n ts m a y be

A rea

B u lle tin n u m b er
and p r ic e *

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M e m p h is , T e n n .—A r k .— i s s . , N ov . 1 9 7 4 --------------------------------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
M
M i a m i, F l a . , O ct. 1974
---------- ------------ — —
—--------- —----------------------------- ---------------------Suppl.
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M id la n d and O d es s a, T e x . , J an. 1974 2 ----------------- — ----- — ---------------------------------------------- Suppl.
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M ilw a u k e e , W i s ., A p r . 1 9 7 5 1 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ------ - 1 8 5 0 -2 1 , 85 ce n ts
M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l, M in n .— i s ., J an. 1975 1----------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -2 0 , $ 1.05
W
M u s k e g o n — u s k e g o n H e ig h t s , M i c h . , J une 19 74 2 ----------------— --------------------------------------- Suppl.
M
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N a ss a u — u ffo lk , N .Y ., J u n e 1 9 7 5 1 _________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 9 , $ 1 .0 0
S
N e w a rk , N .J ., J an . 1975 1 ___________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -1 8 , $ 1.00
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N ew a rk and J e r s e y C it y , N .J .. J an. 19 74 2 — ------------------------------- ------------------ —-------------- Suppl.
N ew H a v en , C o n n ., J an. 19 74 ----------------- ------- ---------------------------------—— -------------------------- Suppl.
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N ew O r l e a n s , L a ., J an. 1 9 7 5 --------------------------------------------------------------- -------------------------------- Suppl.
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N ew Y o r k , N . Y . - N . J . 1 3______________________________________________________________________
N ew Y o r k and N a ssa u — u ffo lk , N .Y ., A p r . 1974 2 -------------------------------- ---------------------------- Suppl.
S
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N o r fo lk —V i r g in i a B e a ch — o r t s m o u t h , V a .—N .C ., M a y 1975 — --------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -2 9 , 65 ce n ts
P
N o r fo lk —V i r g in i a B e a c h - P o r t s m ou th and N e w p o rt N ew s—
H a m p ton , V a ., M a y 1 9 7 5 ___ ______________ — ------------------------------------------ —------------------------ 1 8 5 0 -3 0 , 65 ce n ts
N o r t h e a s t P e n n s y lv a n ia , A u g . 1974 1 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -8 , 80 ce n ts
O k la h o m a C it y , O k la ., A u g . 1974 1 —________— ---------------------------------------- -------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -7 ,
80 ce n ts
O m a h a , N e b r .— w a , O ct. 1974 1_______———_______________________________ — -------------------- 1 85 0- 10, 80 ce n ts
Io
P a te r s on—C lifto n —P a s s a i c , N .J ., J une 197 5 1 ---------------------------------------------------- -------------- 1 8 5 0 -3 8 , 80 ce n ts
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P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .—N .J ., N o v . 1 9 7 4 _________________________________________________________ Suppl.
P h o e n ix , A r i z . , J une 19 74 2 ____________________________ ___ __________— -- ------ —------------------ Suppl.
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P it t s b u r g h , P a . , J an. 1 9 7 5 ___________ —----------------------------------------—----- -------------------------------Suppl.
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P o r t la n d , M a in e , N ov . 1974_________________________________________ _— ------ ------------------------ Suppl.
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W
P o r t la n d , O r e g .— a s h ., M a y 1 9 7 5 ------------- -------------------------------------- ------ ---------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -4 0 , 75 ce n ts
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N .Y . 1 3__________________________________________ —____ —-------------------------------P o u g h k e e p s ie —K in g st on—N e w b u rg h , N .Y ., J une 1974________________ ____ ________________Suppl.
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P r o v id e n c e —W a r w ic k —P a w t u c k e t , R .I .—M a s s . , J u n e 1 9 7 5 ---------------------------------------------- 1850--27, 75 ce n ts
R a le ig h , N .C ., D e c . 1973 1 2 ________________________________________________________________ 1 7 9 5 -7 , 65 ce n ts
R a le ig h —D u rh a m , N .C ., F e b . 1 9 7 5 --------_ _ ------ ----------------------------- --------- ----- -----------------------S upp l.
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R ic h m o n d , V a . , J u n e 1 9 7 5 ..------ ------------- —------ — ------------------------------- „---------— ___ ________ 1 8 5 0 -4 1 , 65 ce n ts
R iv e r s id e —
San B e r n a r d in o — n t a r io , C a l i f . , D e c . 1973 2 --------— ------------------------------------ Suppl.
O
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R o c k f o r d , 111., J une 1974 2 __ - _____ ______ _________________________ ___________ ___ __ _______ Suppl.
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St. L o u i s , M o .—
111., M a r . 1 9 7 5 _______________________________________ ______ _______________ Suppl.
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S a c r a m e n t o , C a l i f . , D e c . 1974 1 -------------------— -------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -1 9 , 80 c e n t s
S a g in a w , M i c h . , N ov . 1974 1 --------------------------------------—----------------------------------------- --------------- 1 8 5 0 -1 6 , 75 ce n ts
S a lt L a k e C ity — g d e n , U ta h , N o v .
O
1 9 7 4 _____________________ _ ______________ ____ _______Suppl.
_
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San A n to n io , T e x . , M a y 1 9 7 5 ------ ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1 8 5 0 -2 3 , 65 ce n ts
San D ie g o , C a l i f . , N ov . 1974 1-------- ,,--------------- —--------------------------- ------- ----- --------- --------------- 1 8 5 0 -1 3 , 80 ce n ts
San F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a l i f . , M a r . 1 9 7 5 1 ----- --------------------- ----------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -3 5 , $ 1.00
O

San Jose, C alif., Mar. 19751 --- ---------------------- ------------------------------------- ------------------------ 1850-36, 85 cents
S a v a n n a h , G a . , M a y 1974 2 -------------- ----- ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
S c r ant o n , P a . , J uly 1973 1 2 ------------------------------------------------------------------- ----- -------------- ---------- 1795-.3,
Se attle—E v e r e t t , W a s h ., J an. 1 9 7 5 --------- ------------------------------------------------------------- -------------- S upp l.
S io u x F a l l s , S. D a k ., D e c . 1973 2 ------------------ ----- ---------------- ------ --------- ----- --------- --------------- Suppl.
South B e n d , I n d ., M a r . 1975 — ------ „----------------- -------------------------------------------------------------------Suppl.
S p o k a n e , W a s h ., June 1974 2 -- ------------------------- ------------------------ ---------------------- ---------- ---------- Suppl.
S y r a c u s e , N .Y . , J uly 19 74 1________ ___ ________„________________________________ ___________ 1 8 5 0 -4 ,
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g . 1973 2____________________ __________ ______ ___________ Suppl.
T am pa—
T o le d o , O h i o - M i c h . , M a y 197 5 1 ______ __________________________________________ __________ 1 85 0- 3 4 ,
T r e n t o n , N .J ., S ep t. 1974___________________________________________ ___ __________ ___ ______Suppl.
W a s h in g to n , D .C .-M d .—V a . , M a r . 1 9 7 5 1 ------ --------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -3 1 ,
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n ., M a r . 1974 2 ____ ___________________________ ______ ____ _________________Suppl.
W a t e r l o o , Io w a , N ov . 1973 1 2 ______ ________________________ ________________________________ 1 7 9 5 -5 ,
W e s t c h e s t e r C o u n ty , N .Y 3 _____________________ ________________ __________ ___ ______ ________
W ic h ita , K a n s ., A p r . 1975____ ______ ______ ______ ___ _________________________ _______________ Suppl.
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., M a y 1 9 7 5 1---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -2 4 ,
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1 9 7 5 1 _______________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 2 ,
Y o u n g s to w n — a r r e n , O h io , N ov . f 19 73 1 ------------ — -------------------------- —
W
_______________ Suppl.

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55 ce n ts
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80 c e n t s
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80 ce n ts
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$ 1 .0 0
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60 ce n ts
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80 ce n ts
80 ce n ts
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THIRD CLASS MAIL

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U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
POSTAGE AND FEES PAID

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
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U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

OFFICIAL BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE $300

LAB-441

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