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AREA WAGE SURVEY
Toledo, Ohio—Michigan, Metropolitan Area
May 1975
Bulletin 1850-34




U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
_ _ Bureau of Labor Statistics




Preface
This bulletin provides results of a May 1975 survey of occupational earnings and
supplementary wage benefits in the Toledo, Ohio—
Michigan, Standard Metropolitan Statistical
Area (Fulton, Lucas, Ottawa, and Wood Counties, Ohio; and Monroe County, Mich.). The
survey was made as part of the Bureau of Labor Statistics' annual area wage survey pro­
gram. The program is designed to yield data for individual metropolitan areas, as well as
national and regional estimates for all Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas in the United
States, excluding Alaska and Hawaii.
A major consideration in the area wage survey program is the need to describe
the level and movement of wages in a variety of labor markets, through the analysis of
(1) the level and distribution of wages by occupation, and (2) the movement of wages by
occupational category and skill level. The program develops information that may be used
for many purposes, including wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and
assistance in determining plant location. Survey results also are used by the U.S. Depart­
ment of Labor to make wage determinations under the Service Contract Act of 1965.
Currently, 82 areas are included in the program. (See list of areas on inside
back cover.) In each area, occupational earnings data are collected annually. Information
on establishment practices and supplementary wage benefits is obtained every third year.
Each year after all individual area wage surveys have been completed, two sum­
mary bulletins are issued. The first brings together data for each metropolitan area sur­
veyed. The second summary bulletin presents national and regional estimates, projected
from individual metropolitan area data.
The Toledo survey was conducted by the Bureau's regional office in Chicago, 11
1.,
under the general direction of Lois L. Orr, Associate Assistant Regional Director for
Operations. The survey could not have been accomplished without the cooperation of the
many firms whose wage and salary data provided the basis for the statistical information
in this bulletin. The Bureau wishes to express sincere appreciation for the cooperation
received.

Note:
A report on occupational earnings and supplementary wage provisions in the Toledo
area is available for motor vehicle parts (April 1974). .Also available are listings of union
wage rates for seven selected building trades. Free copies of these are available from
the Bureau's regional offices. (See back cover for addresses.)

A R EA W A G E S U R VE Y

Bulletin 1 8 5 0 - 3 4

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR. John T. Dunlop, Secretary

September 1975

B U R E A U O F L A B O R STATISTICS, Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

Toledo, O h io —M ichigan, M etropolitan Area, M ay 1975
CONTENTS

Page

Introduction________________________________________________________________________

2

T ablest
c in v r- o o
o
o
o

A. Earnings:
A - l.
Weekly earnings of office workers--------------------------------------------------------------------A-2.
Weekly earnings of professional and technical w orkers___________________________
A-3.
Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex
A-4.
Hourly earnings of maintenance and powerplant w orkers_________________________
A-5.
Hourly earnings of custodial and material movement w orkers--------------------------A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant, custodial,and material movement workers, by sex_________ 1
A -l.
Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts— 1
1

B. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:
B - 1. Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks____________________________________________________ 1
2
B - 2. Late - shift pay provisions for full-time manufacturing plant w orkers_________________________
13
B-3. Scheduled weekly hours and days of full-time first-shift workers____________________________________________________ 14
B-4. Annual paid holidays for full-time w orkers___________________________________________________________________________ 15
B-4a. Identification of major paid holidays for full-time w orkers__________________________________________________________
16
B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers_______________________________________________________________________ 1
7
B-6.
Health, insurance, and pension plan provisions for full-time w orkers____________________________________________ — 20
Appendix A. Scope and method of survey___________________________________________________________________________________________
Appendix B. Occupational descriptions______________________________________________________________________________________________




For

sale b y the Superintendent o f D ocum ents, U .S . G overn m en t Prin tin g O ffic e , W ashington, D. C . 20402, GPO Bookstores, or
BLS R e g io n a l O ffices listed on back c o v e r. P ric e 80 cents. M a k e checks p aya b le to Superintendent o f Docum ents.

22
25

Introduction
This area is 1 of 82 in which the U.S. Department of Labor's
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings and
related benefits on an areawide basis. In this area, data were obtained
by personal visits of Bureau field economists to representative estab­
lishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transpor­
tation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail
trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major industry
groups excluded from these studies are government operations and the
construction and extractive industries. Establishments having fewer than
a prescribed number of workers are omitted because of insufficient
employment in the occupations studied. Separate tabulations are provided
for each of the broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.
A-series tables
Tables A - 1 through A-6 provide estimates of straight-time
hourly or weekly earnings for workers in occupations common to a
variety of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupations
were selected from the following categories: (a) Office clerical, (b) pro­
fessional and technical, (c) maintenance and powerplant, and (d) custodial
and material movement. In the 31 largest survey areas, tables A -la
through A-6a provide similar data for establishments employing 500
workers or more.
Following the occupational wage tables is table A-7 which
provides percent changes in average earnings of office clerical work­
ers, electronic data processing workers, industrial nurses, skilled




maintenance workers, and unskilled plant workers. This measure of
wage trends eliminates changes in average earnings caused by employ­
ment shifts among establishments as well as turnover of establishments
included in survey samples. Where possible, data are presented for all
industries, manufacturing, and nonmanufacturing. Appendix A discusses
this wage trend measure.
B -series tables
The B-series tables present information on minimum entrance
salaries for office workers; late-shift pay provisions and practices for
plauit workers in manufacturing; and data separately for plant and office
workers on scheduled weekly hours and days of first-shift workers; paid
holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans.
Appendixes
This bulletin has two appendixes. Appendix A describes the
methods and concepts used in the area wage survey program. It provides
information on the scope of the area survey and information on the area's
industrial composition in manufacturing. It also provides information
on labor-management agreement coverage. Appendix B provides job
descriptions used by Bureau field economists to classify workers in
occupations for which straight-time earnings information is presented.

A. Earnings
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Toledo, Ohio—Mich., May 1975
W
eekly earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

'LL

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

(standard)

N u m be r of w o r k e r s receiving straight-time weekly earnings of----

i

Avcrugc
weekly
M
ean ^

M
edian ^

Middle ranged

$

85
Under
and
$
under
85
90

$

$
90

95

$
100

S
110

$
120

$
130

S
140

%

S
150

160

$
17c

$
180

8
190

*

$
200

21 o

$
220

$
240

f
260

S
280

300
and

95

100

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

240

260

2e0

300

over

6

“

*

“

“

1

”

“

“

-

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

'O
/

800K K E E PI V S - m a Cm l ■
'!(-. OPERATORS.

$
$
141.00 133.50

CL AS S A --------------------------------

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4 0 • 0 137.00
3 0 . b 115.00

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39.5 176.00
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39.5
39.5
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190.50
194.50
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133.00
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MESSENGFRS ----------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N ' - ---------------------NONMAi'UF ' C T U R T U S ------------------

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129.50 114.00 1 0 6 .0 0 -1 5 u .0 0
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168.00
163.50
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78
58
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S F C R F T A R I F $, CL A S S A -------------MANI |F AC TUP I> N P ----------------------

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S E C R E T A R I E S , c l a s s 6 -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------- ---N O N M A M U F A C T U R I M G ------------- ----

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FILF,

CLASS 3 ------------------------

CLERKS, ORUER -----------------------------------Miit'l IFa CTUP 1 '!(’ ------------------------------SOMMAMUF/.CToPff-'u---------------------------CLERKS,

P A Y P o l . L ------------------------------------

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------■lOMl-ift-JUF ACTO-'T'-iG-----------------K E Y P U N C H OP-'PAT'WS* CL A S S a --------

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




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W
eekly earnings 1
(standard)
Occupation and industry division

Num
ber
of

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of----

%

3

85
M
ean *

M
edian ^

M
iddle ranged

Under

S
85

90

s

s

S

95

100

no

120

130

1A0

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s

150

160

S

170

S

I

180

190

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200

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S
220

s

2A0

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260

280

and
under

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30 *
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95

100

no

130

1 A0

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160

170

180

190

4
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3A
7

71
57

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35
28
7

63
57

2

120

6

1A

A6
32
1A

A2
37
5

37
32
5

65
56
9

A6
36

81
A9
32

39
26
13
-

36
lb

15
13

20

10

15
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53
37
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1
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33
18
15
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66

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38
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200

210

2A0

260

32
31
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63
58
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7

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2

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29
27

33
33

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220

280

3<>fl UXMf

ALL WO RK ER S—
CONTINUED
SECRETARIES - CONTINUED
SECRETARIES. CLASS C -----------------------MA NUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

A75
397
78

AO , 0 186.00 180.00
AO • 0 188.00 180.50
39.0 175.00 175.00

$
$
162.50-209.50
16A.00-212.00
151.00-186.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 -------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES ---------------

A57
333
12*
,
3A

39.5
AO . 0
39.0
38.0

162.50
167.00
151.50
1A5.00

153.00
153.00
150.00
138.00

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES ---------------

258
173
85
32

39.0
38.5
39.5
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157.00 1A3.00
157.00 1A3.50
157.50 1A1.S0
193.50 203.50

.

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*

-

-

-

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136.00-182.50
135.00-195.50
138.00-166.00
117.50-177.00

_

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13 0. 00 -1 76 .DO
131.00-170.00
126.5 0 - 1 9 o . 50
17A.00-223.00

-

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STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

556
A87
69

39.0 161.00 156.50 1AA.00-178.50
39.0 159.50 15A.50 1AA.00-175.00
39.5 17A.00 180.50 1A7.50-20A.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS --------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

1 AO

39.5 133.50 127.00
39.5 160.50 1AA.50
39 .C 116.50 106.00

100.00-152.50
135.00-183.50
86.50-136.50

1

1

26
26

SWITCHBOARD O P E R A T OR -R EC EP II ON IS TS MA NUFACTURING --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

201

39.5 136.50 130.U0 10 6. 00 -16 o .00
39.5 1A1.00 138.00 118.00-161.00
39.0 130.00 119.00 106.00-131.50

-

-

55
85

118
83

TR AN SC RI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
g e n e r a l -------------------------------

55

119.0o-13A.00

-

-

TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

1A5
87
58

39.5 153.00 131.00 115.50-20A.00
39.5 169.50 172.50 128.00-208.00
39.5 128.50 115.50 115.00-126,50

-

_
-

TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------------MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

220

39.0 131.00 12A.00 107.00-1A6.00
39.5 1A6.50 1 A A . 0 0 1 2 2 . 0 0 - 1 6 1 .50
38.5
110.00

-

_

-

-

See footnote* at end of tables.




94
126

AO.O 130.50 1 2 0 . 0 0

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•
-

.
-

6

-

d
3
5

-

.
-

•
-

•
-

10 1

96
5

83
5

60

20
12
8

15

18

10

10

10
8

5
5

2
2

-

4
s
d

2
1
1

27

2

2

d

d
-

-

3

1

-

2

-

-

"

-

-

-

5
4

2
2

15
1A

13

13

i

4
4
-

-

1

9
4

12
1

_
-

-

•
-

•
-

5
A

6
2

4
4

1
1

7
7

-

-

.
*

•

•
•

5

1

16

39

9

26

2

21

9

7

13

13
13
-

-

-

1

22

13

8

3

2

2

-

4
-

AA

22

12

9

4

35

19
3

7
5

1
1

2

8
6
2

-

21

A0
A

16
7

50
19

16
7

19
1A

10

-

“
10
10

16
13
3

23
14

21

16
7
9
9

88

30
9

5
-

*

69
62
7

22

-

2
2

-

3
3
*

8
2

13
13

9

5

3
3

A7
A3
4
~

38
30

1

11

20

1
1

*

1A

8
1

6

7
G
i
i

22

5

16
15

5

2
1

9
9

6

9

i
5

“

-

_

Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

’ u m b e r of workers receiving strsight-time weekly earnings oi
N
i -------90

Mean *

Median *

Middle ranged

ALL WO RK ER S
82
65
90
63
27

39.0 182.50 177.00 154.00-202.50
39.5 186.50 1 8 0 . 0 0 157.50-207.50
38.5 173.50 162.00 153.50-177.50

C O MP UT ER PR OG RA MM ER S,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ------------------MA NU F A C T U R I N G --- ------------------- -------------

53
38
60
46

39.0 232.50 231.00 201.50-264.00
39.5 245.00 241.50 207.50-274.00

S

i
1 ------ S------- S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
»
»
180
368
170
200 220
380 400
240
300
260
280
340
320

no

120

130

140

150

160

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

200

220

240

£6n

?en

300

“

9
8

1
-

11
8

12
8

16
13

9
7

7
7

13
12

3
1

4
2
2

23
16
7

8
3
5

16
11

14
13
1

9
9
*

t
*4
z

7
4
3

4
4

8
5

17

6

14

i

10
2

15
11

0
d

5
5

and

C O MP UT ER S Y ST EM S ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ------------------------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------------------------------

77
62
64
55

.

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

*

1

1

_

-

-

"

1

"

1

-

•

""

1
1

1
“

5

1

38.5 285.00 295.50 261.00-305.50
38.5 292.00 299.00 275.50-308.00

158

-

40.0 279.00 265.00 244.50-299.50
40.0 293.00 270.00 250.50-340.50

340

-

-

1
1

-

-

.

1
1

_

_

-

7

1
1

l
1

3
3

12
12

3
3

3
3

1
1

15
11

19
12

12
6

11
10

13
13

29
21

39.5 322.50 315.00 292.00-351.50
39.5 328.00 325.50 292.00-357.50

C O MP UT ER SY ST EM S ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ------------------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------

DRAFTERS. CL AS S B -------------------MA NU F A C T U R I N G — ----------- -----------DRAFTERS, CLASS C --------------------------------------MA NU F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------DRAFTERS-TRACERS

------------------------------------------

40.0 176.00 170.00 159.50-185.00
40.0 175.50 168.00 156.50-181.00

-

47

132.00 130.00 110.00-145.00

5

223.00 230.50 193.00-232.50

-

-

-

-

-

40.0 224.00 231.00 188.00-255.00
40.0 224.00 231.00 188.00-255.00

“

-

-

“

-

71
69

Sea footnotes at end of tables.




o

151
83

4
-

40.0 212.50 205.00 190.00-225.00
40.0 212.50 205.00 188.00-226.00

104

*

“

-

-

-

-

3

*

7

6

3

20

2

-

-------------------------

i

7
“

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) -----MA N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------

E L EC TR ON IC S TE C H N I C I A N S

1

i

o
o

111

275
219

1

©

DRAFTERS, CL AS S A --------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

ja p

320

tt
6

39.5 248.50 236.00 222.00-264.50
39.5 250.50 236.00 222.00-264.50

C O MP UT ER PR OG RAMMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ------------------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------

s

S

100

-

$
$
$
$
39.5 198.50 188.50 169.50-232.50
39.5 2 0 1 . 0 0 192.00 170.50-233.50

C O M P U T E R OPER AT OR S, CLASS B -------MA N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

S

and
under
100

C O M P U T E R OP ERATORS, CLASS A ---------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------------------------------

S

S

6

46
31

_
-

11

3(0

_
”

i
l

400

over

-

-

•

-

_
•

1
1

_
*

*

•

*

13
12

8
8

8
7

4
4

2
2

19
19

5
5

1
1

-

-

-

16
11

2
2

10
10

11
11

3
3

13
13

1
1

8
1

5
5

5

5

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

m

*

“

1
1

5
4

117
98

64
43

54
47

14
13

-

18
12

20
13

29
21

22
lo

42
15

7
6

6
2

1
1

9

10

-

4

1

-

2

-

-

20

-

10

-

53

2

8

10

1

-

-

-

-

-

*

“

1
1

10

15

9

10
10

13
13

8

15

7
7

7
7

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

m

m

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex, in
Toledo, Ohio—Mich., May 1975
Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
WOftM

OF FICE OC CU PA TI ON S - MEN
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------CLERKS, OROFR ------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------MESSEN GE RS ---------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU PI NG -----------------

10 1

85
52
52
76
53

Average
(mean*)

_________
Weekly
Weakly
hours * eam l 1
ugs
(standard) (standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S WO M E N — CO NTINUED
$
90.0 210.50
90.0 215.00 ME SS EN GE RS ---------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------90.0 197.50
90.0 197.50
SE CR ET AR IE S --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------39.0 126.50
N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------38.5 125.50
P U 8 LTC UT IL IT IE S ---------------

OFFICE O C CU PA TI ON S - WOMEN
BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------------------------------BOOKKE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS 8 ------------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------MONMAN UE AC TO R I N O ----- -----------

38

39.5 191.00

ftumb.r
of
w o ik .n

Weakly
Weekly^
houn 1
(
itandard) (standard)

63
£9
39
1,36A
1,066
308
75

39.5
39.5
39.0
39.0

182.50
187.50
163.50
178.50

COMPUTER OPERAT OR S, CL AS S 3 —
MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------

99
39

39.0
39.0

62

C O MP UT F 0 PROG RA MM ER S,
BUSINFSS, CL AS 6 A -------------

46

39.5 250.50

SFCWFTAPIfS. CLASS C -------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONMuuuFACTUfiJVG -----------------

a

75
397
76

40.0 186.00
90.0 188.00
39.C 176.00

COMPUTER PROG RA MM ER S,
BUSINESS, CLASS « ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------

49
35

39.5 232.00
39.5 298.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ---------------—
PU B L I C UTIL IT IE S ---------------

AS6
332
129
3A

39.5
90.0
39.0
38.0

162.50
166.50
151.50
195.00

COMPUTER SY ST EM S ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------

79
61

39.6 329.00
39.5 327.50

G e n e r a l -------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S ---------------

26 o
173

39.0
36.5
39.5
90.0

157.00
167.00
167.50
193.50

C O MP UT E 0 SY ST EM S A N A L Y S T 3,
BUSINESS, CLASS m ------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------

68

49

39.0 283.50
38.5 291.00

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5

CLERKS, FILE. CLASS 6 --------------N O N M A N U F a CT UR IN G -----------------

62
bB

39.5 109.50
39.5 106.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

76

39.0 1 1 0 . 0 0 STENOGRAPHERS, s e n i o r --------------39.0 109.00
M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU PI NG ----------------39.5 135.00
90.0 195.00 SW IT CH HO AR O OP ER AT OR S --------------39.0 113.50
M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------39.5 150.00
39.5 155.50 S w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o m - p f c f p i i j n i s t s m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------39.0 190.00
N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------39.5 171.00
39.5 176.00 TRANSC RI HI NG -M AC H1 NE OPERATORS,
39.0 159.00 GENERAL -------------------------------

656
A67
6,

39.0 161.00
39.0 159.50
39.6 179.00

1AO

39.5 133.50
39.5 160.50
39.0 116.50

39.5 139.50 TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------39.5 193.50
M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------39.5 133.50
N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

---------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

132

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS. CLASS « -------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

177
137
90

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS b -------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

221

clerks, payroll

88

44

139
87

stenographers,

65

32

187.50
189.00

as
116
63

39.5 136.50
39.5 191.00
39.0 130.00

55

90.0 130.50

139
83
56

39.5 150.50
39.5 167.50
39.5 125.50

201

QRAFTEPS. CLASS A -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------

158
111

90.0 279.00
90.0 293.00

drafters, class

h -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------

279
218

90.0 212.50
90.0 212.50

OPAFTFRS. CLASS c -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------

125
82

90.0
90.0

EL ECTRONICS TE C H N I C I A N S -------

65

N O T E : Earnings data in table A- 3 relate only to workers wh os e sex identification wa s provided by the establishment,
to all workers in an occupation. (See appendix A for publication criteria.)




39.5 197.50
39.5 198.00

39. ) 191.60
39.0 2 0 2 . 0 0
38.5 161.00

523
256
267
28

------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

79
61

PR OF ES SI ON AL AND TE CH NI CA L
O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN

317
235

CLERKS, ACCOUNT IMG, CLASS n -------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------M O N M A N U E A C T U h IN g ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S ---------------

clerks, order

COMPUTER OP ERATORS, CL AS S A —
MANUFA CT UR IN G ----------------

88

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

90.0 176.50
90.0 169.00
90.0 198.50

68

126

$
39.0 129.00
39.5 199.00
38.5 118.00

219

TYPISTS, CLASS H ---------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

39.5 2 2 0 . 0 0
39.5 225.50

331
218
113

217
197
70

Weekly
Weekly
house 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

116
97

CLEPKS, ACCOUNTING. CLASS a -------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AK UF ACTURI i'<G-----------------

1 6 1 .0 0

of
okr
rei

SECRETARIES, CLASS 4 -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------—

39.0 126.50
90.0 135.50
38.5 115.00

190.00
156.50
129.00

amber
Ni

OF FICE OC C U P A T I O N S WO M E N — C O NT IN UE D
$
39.5 132.50
39.0 126.50
90.0 138.00

37
29

66

Sex, occupation, and industry division

102

90.0 223.50

COMPUTER OP ER AT OR S. CLASS u
MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------

91
29

39.5 177.00
39.5 189.00

NURSES, IN DUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) --M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

66

90.0 2 2 1 . 0 0
90.0 22 1.50

175.50
175.50

PROFES SI ON AL ANL) TECH NI CA L
O C CU PA TI ON S - WOMEN

Earnings data in tables A - 1 and A-2,

69

on the other hand,

relate

Hourly earnings3
Occupation and industry division

o
f
workers

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
S
t
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
»
S
3.80 4.00 4.2o 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6 . 0 0

Mean 2 Median2

S
6 .2 0

S
s
6.40 6 . 6 0

s
6 .8 0

s
l
f
$
i
1
7.00 7.20 7*40 7.60 7.80 8 . 0 0

s—
8 .2 0

Middle range 2
under
4.00 4,2Q 4 , 4 0 4,60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5,40 5,60 5.80 6 . 0 0

6 .2 0

6.40 6,60 6.80 7.00 7,20 7.40 7.60 7.80 e,99

ALL WO RK ER S
BOILER TENDERS -----------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

113
99

$
5.43
5.54

$
5.19
5.49

$
$
4.43- 6.45
4.43- 6.45

8
6

5
5

-

27
27

CA RPENTERS. MA IN TE NA NC E ------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

49
30

6.05
6.28

5.86
6.45

5.39- 6.45
5.65- 6.85

-

-

-

1

_

-

-

-

EL ECTRICIANS. MA IN TE NA NC E ---------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S ---------------

599
551
48
42

6.48
6.53
5.88
5.94

6.50

5.866.005.725.72-

7.42
7.42
5.78
5.80

-

-

-

-

15
15
-

EN GINEERS. S T A T IO NA RY --------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

107
103

6 .21

6.28

6.25

6 .2 8

5.34- 6.70
5.34- 6.77

-

6 .60

5.72
5.72

_

_

-

-

-

12

-

-

-

6
6

4
4
6
6

9
9

-

_

_

-

i
-

_

-

7

8

-

_

6

-

-

-

54
23
31
31

17
16

44
44
-

17
17
-

89
8 f
£
c

68

-

-

-

12

-

-

11
11

u

-

13
13

12

3
3

12
12

-

-

-

9
4

31
28

15

4
4

37
3/

7
7

8
8

54
54
-

4
4
-

10

d
d
-

64
18
36
36

8?

7

38
38
30

12 1

-

9
9

101
101

72
72

14
14

58
19

70
70

63
63

58
58

71
71

6
6

96
96

7
7

5b
'
55

_
-

106
106

64

135
135

12
12

7
7

-

6
6

6
6

5
5

6
6

12
12

5
5

32
27

5
5

-

28

-

28
28

-

110
110

2
2

1
1

6
6

6

_

2

4

-

d

-

4
4

6
6

45
45

-

-

19

18

9

22

63

8

102
102

93
93

149
149

282
282

34
34

8

_

-

-

-

41
41
-

-

31
25

12

-

-

_

8
8

-

2
2

6
6

16

-

4
4

-

6

8
8

1
1

14
14
10
10

8

d
_

-

_

13
13

-

5
5

15
15
-

25
25
-

19
19
-

155
155
-

3
3
.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

id

10
10

9

-

4
4

8

-

-

12
12

14
14

5?
52

49
49

67
67

B
3

-

-

6

14
14

39
J9

itO

_

_

20

2

-

-

24
14

25
25
_

_
_
_

.
_

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

3
3

187
187

9
9

i
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

60
6
8

5
5

-

-

_

4
4

d
M A C H IN E- TO OL OP ER AT OR S. TO u LROOM —
MA N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

219
219

7.11
7.11

7.21
7.21

7.07- 7.42
7.07- 7.42

MACHIN IS TS . M A IN TE NA NC E ------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

246
229

6.29
6.31

6.43
6.43

5.60- 7.11
5.57- 7.32

-

ME CHANICS. AUTOMO TI VE
(MAINTENANCE) -----------------------MA NU F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S ---------------

344
1 75
169
147

6.36
6.23
6.50
6.63

6.67
5.78
6.67
6.67

5.785.706.386.3d-

6 ,9o
6.99
6.90
6»9f»

-

ME CHANICS. M A IN TE NA NC E -------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------- —

dB2
798

6.30
6.33

6.23
6.23

5.49- 7.14
5.59- 7.23

-

M I LL WR IG HT S --------------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

69tt
598

6.51
6.51

6.80

6.00- 7.14
6.00- 7.14

-

6 .80

PAINTERS. M A IN TE NA NC E --------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

61
bd

6.15
6.13

5.70
5.70

5.52- 6.83
5.52- 6 . 8 0

PI PE FITTERS. M A IN TE NA NC E ----------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

244
238

6.55
6.56

6.87
6.87

5.80* 7.25
5.80- 7.25

SH EE T- ME TA L WORKERS, M A IN TE NA NC E —
M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

72
70

6.92
6.95

7.25
7.25

6.80- 7.25
6.80- 7.25

TOOL AND DIE M A K E R S -------------- ---

802
802

7.15

7.33

6.93- 7.56

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .




-

*

"

_

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

12
12

30
30

_
-

14
14

-

“

_

-

-

-

-

16
16
-

27
6

-

*

_

-

30
30

80

11
11

36
9

“

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

*

*

_

-

_

*

*

_
-

*

_
-

_

15
15

_

_

-

-

_

_

13

-

_

-

-

-

_

80

10

17

-

12

8
8

_
-

_

-

_
"

-

-

137

8

-

10

_

t
'

1

4
26

4

24
58
58

10
10

_

1
1

-

1

-

-

i

-

-

-

3
3

Hourly earnings3

Mean 2 Median2

Middle range 2

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight- time hourly earning* of—
S
s
s
S
s
s
s
%
s
S
s
s
5
S
$
s
$
2.00 2.20 2.90 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.90 3.60 3.80 9 .00 9.20 9 .90 9.60 9.80 5 . 0 0 5 . 2 0
and
under

5.90 5 . 6 0

2.20 2.90 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.90 3.60 3.80 9.00 9.20 9.90 4 .60 B.80 5,00 5.2(1 5 . 0 0

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

5.6(1 5.5(1 6 . 2 0

s

1

T ---- 1
5.80 6 . 2 0 6 . 6 0
1

6 .6 0

7 .0 0

I
7 .0 0

over

ALL WORKERS
$
244
934
ld4

GUArtOS!

A. 95
2.53

$
2.50
5.22
2.32

/• 1 >

$
2.139.152.13-

$
3.93
5.92
2.70

378

176

116

66

72

96

26

376

176

lib

66

72

96

JANITORS, POPTt-S,

ANN CLEA.a c R S ---

N O N M A N UF AC TU -I fs b----------------LABORERS, MATERIAL HA NDLING --------

3.97

3.82

1,120

3.10
-.A 7

1*172
bid

5.29

2.95
A . 97

5.u3
0.46
3.36
4.87

5.13
9.73
6.75
6.7^

9.529.979.636.7 .

6.75
5.13
6.75
6,7 ■

J. Vc.
4.98

111
?A

9. 79

5.16
1*

lbJ
oo
73

5.07
5.5P
A. 59

5.35
6.05
9.99

1,71(5

* nn

,
/ •2
J*,
^ 2
• 0

-. .
J
TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT

*

72

17

283

S3

120

65

17

279

157

9

19

1

26
19

-

.

11

1

•
5

120
98
22
15

218
202
16

53
36
17
12

15
19
1

07
57
30
19

1 lb

4

18
10

*

91
39

37
36

108
99
59
59

98
72
26

136
l3 1

18
18

by

1
29

177

20

177
166
77

57
59
10

p *j ^

30

50

27

10

150
13
137

72

65
63

32

139
25
119
8

72

46

50

r8

29

2
12

k
ft
3

11

30
20
10

282
c3

-

*4

169
164

59

79

7

4

34
34

8

86
86

11
11

~

~
“

-

-

12

-

-

-

-

-

3

13

-

20

9

1 11

9

11

-

.

12

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

-

20

-

9
1

9

9

rn

p7
36

55
54

90
21
19

48

f *"r
'
>.*4 .

r*ti'
•" /
O. r

P * 23
4.11

G .0 9

V6
A

6

23

_r
i

n

1

350
350
350

?9i
291
33

4.00- 5.37

12
Hi

10
”

2o
26

24

4.49- 6.06

4
4

12
12

10

21

f r7

31

10

j

•

'7'
r-*

23
23

31
31

-

266
260
6

16
12
4

be

13

91
91

9

n

13

h

”

6
c
>

2
2

~

3

5a

-

-

3

90
29
16

“

45
9

-

-

373

9u9
117
207
267
_
“

2d 3
183
100
65

333
47
119

28
395
392
12
12

36
36

1o

**

4
6

t
;
6

3
1

2

-

6
6

~
~

7
D

96
6
40

16
”
16

80
3
77

165
37
128

-

“

127
120
7

159
1
153

(1-1/2 TO
rr

TRUCKDRIVERS* HEAVY

!* 7

25
25

(UN0C.R
t’

TRUCKDRIVERS. MEDIUM

128

4 *9 1 ■;;
4.30- 5^97

a . 75
4.57

.
8 zr
Jt
6. l

83

4. 3 h - b.7d

f •[ *
J
, 3^

40
SHIPPING ANO RE CE IV IN G L L L r KS -----

• i.

5

16
164

4 *^i

/*
• 9
,3
5 1 39

15
11

1
21

A . 6,

j .J
r

5 Of
6.32

7
I.

3 .A 3
3.01"
3.822.603.75-

r
.. .
j>

MANUEACTI

4.49

2* 365

/ ^2
42S>
_

A . 32

28
25

9.29- 3.61

watchmens
j0

21
21

22

(OVER 9 TONS,

W o rk e rs w e r e at $7 to $7.40.

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




C -"
»A
“
>#

989
236
748

6.29
5.87
6.93

6*14

5.75

20

^4

5.29- 6.20
5.39- 5.65

6

20

5.75- 6.49
4

4

2
2
”

i
1

48
48
*

30
12
18

“
“
‘

”

n
11

350
5

395

58
14
44

258
23
235

36
* 36

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs o f—

Hourly earnings3

1
2,00

Number

Occupation and industry division

of
M e in 2

Median2

Middle range 2

t
” 5---- 1-----5-----i---- S---- 5----- 1-----S---- 5---- S----- 1---- 7----- 5-----%-----5-----5-----7---- [7---- 8
------5--2.20 2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 h .6 j ‘♦ . 6 0 5 . O' 5.2(> 5.40 0 . 6 r 5.8;: 6 . 2 0 6.60 7.00

and
under

and

2.20 2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60

‘♦ . h o

3 .0 0

S .g .i

5 .4 0

2
2

“

3»
3c

-

-

-

1< >
:e
lib

5 . bn

bn 6 «2

6 .Q Q

7 .0 0

over

ALL W 0 RK ER S- CO N T I N U E D
TRUCKDRIVERSCONTINUED
TRUCK DRIVERS. HE AV Y (OVER < TONS,
+
OTHER THAN T R AI LE R TYPE) -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

$

$

$

n
166

6.08
6.05

5.82
b. 78

5.78- 6.78
5.78- 6.78

1 *.34b

5.2(1
5.20

4.48- 5.93
4.47- 5.66

i

$

1,202

S.13
5.08

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER T h a n
FORKLIFT) ----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

177
174

4.84
4.82

4.93
4.93

-------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U r INU -----------------PU BLIC U T IL IT IE S ---------------

bob
194
361
46

b.ll
8 . 14
b.G9
4.69

5.59
4,60
5.68
4.51

4.6d4.60"
4.394.43-

-

-

-

“

-

*

-

9
9

(FORKLIFT) --------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------

warehousemen

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .




5.68
5.86
5.68
b.28

“

-

-

-

-

“

20
20

30
30

12
12

18
18

172
161

98
88

15
15

16
16

4.43- 4.95
4.43- 4.95

T R U C K F R S , POWER

20
20

_

“

15
15

_

18
13

°

_

-

_

33

-

-

-

33

“

37
87
1

_

~

4
4

-

_
-

-

8

-

60

15

10 0

-

-

a
a

-

60

-

lb
15

4

i
1

-

*

“
179
179

.

-

27
-

27
(O

54
54

231
23 i

17
17

37
37
32
13
14
-

3

-

-

38-t
27 m

10
10

86
60

_

-

-

_
"

.
-

201
1?
189
-

~
7a
6“
1
-

-

-

_

_

-

.

•
_

-

-

-

Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant, custodial,
and material movement workers, by sex, in Toledo, Ohio—Mich., May 1975
Sex.

o c c u p a t io n ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

an d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

AN D

Number
of
workers

A verage
(m ean2 )
hourly
earnings3

-

MEN
$

P 0 I L E R T E N D E R S ----------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------------------

113
99

5.43
5.54

-------------------------

49
30

1

6 .2 6

GU A R D S AND W A T C H M E N ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A M U F A C T U h ING ----------------guards

:

manufacturing
E L E C T R IC IA N S ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

M A N U F A C T U R IN G

---------------------

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

n o n v a h u f a c t u r im o

P U B L IC

U T IL IT IE S

------------------------------

599
661

5 .8 6
5 .9 4

92

6 .S 3 1

S T A T IO N A R Y

------------------------------

107
103

6 .2 1
6 .2 5

126

------------------------------------------

117

5 .2 5
26

M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R S . T O O LRO O M —
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------------------

219
219

7 .1 1
7 .11

296
<LtL %

H F L P tP S *

M A T ^ T F U a NC*

M A N U F A C T U R IN G

Tk a OFs

- - - - - - -

, m a i n t e n a n c e ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------------------

m a c h in is t s

M E C H A N IC S ,

NONM AW UF A C T U R 1 V j

WATCh m Fn :
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

6
?

6 .2 9
6 .3 1

ORDER F I L L E R S ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F a C T U R I n G -----------------

445
99
346

394

5 .3 6

PACKERS,

175
169

5 .2 3

S H I P P I N G --------------------------------------1ANUFACTUPIUG ---------------------

617
511

-----------------------------------

P E C F I V I N G CL E R K S --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A W I J F A C T U P I N G ----------------S H I P P I N G C L E R K S ---------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------

45
43

S H I P P I N G AND R E C E I V I N G CL ERKS ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F a CTURI.Jo -----------------

153
60
73

T R U C K D R I V E P 3 -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N m A M U F A C T U R I N O ----------------PU B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------

1,776
563
1,193
606

361

U T IL IT IE S

' s ,

------------------------------

61

------------------------------------------

56

6 .1 5
6 .1 3

-----------------------

24+

------------------------------------------

238

m a in t e n a n c e

m a n u f a c t u r in g

S H E F T —M F T A L

6 .3 0
6 .3 3
6 .5 1

m a in t e n a n c e

M A N U F A C T U R IN G

797

6• b0
6 .6 3

598
596

M I L L W R I G H T S -----------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------------------

W O R K E R S , M A IN T E N A N C E —
——————————————————

v ia w u f a c t u p i k g

T O O L A N D D I F M A K E R S ----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------------------

TR UCK D R IVER S

-

hourly
earnings3

C O N T IN U E D

TRUC KD RI VE RS , M E D I U M (l-i/2 TO
AND IN CL UD IN G 4 TONS) ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

496

355

TRUCKD RI VF PS .

93

$

5.76
5.93
5.72

HEAVY

(OVEN 4 TONS,

TRAILER TY^E) -------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------

964
336

NONMa MUFa C TU R I n G ---------------------------

79a

6.29
5. 87
6. 43

MANUFACTURE,.' ---------------------------------

177
166

6.0 8
6 .0 5

TRUCKERS, PU'j/tK (FO k KLIFI ) --------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------------

1,290
1,196

>•13
>•06

171
166

4 .8 6
4 .8 4

553

5.11
5 .1 4
5 .0 9
4 .6 6

TR UC KD RI VE RS , HE AV Y (OVE h 9 TONS,
OTHFR TH A N T R A I L E R TYRt) --------

72
70
802
802

^
0

6 .Si

6 .5 5
6 .5 6
6 .9 2

TRUCKERS, R O W E h
FORKLIFT) -----MA NU F A C T U R I N G
WA RE HO U S E M E N ---------MA NU F A C T U R I N G ----N O N M A n U F A C T U M 1 NG —
PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S

199

366
93

CUST OD IA L AND M A T E R I A L M v V E M t N T
OC C U P A T I O N S - W O M E N
GUARDS AND WA TC H M E N
JANITORS, PORTERS, .NO C L E A N E R S --M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------ORDER FI LL ER S

96

2.76

698

3.12

96
502
25

4 .3 5

2.89
3.77

56

3.76

167
157

4. 0 2
4.08

6 .9 5
7 .1 5
7 .1 5

T R U C K D r IVERS, LI G H T (UNOtH
1-1/? TONS) ----------------------manufacturing

“ACKERS, SHIP PI NG
MA N U F A C T U R I N G -

------------------

See fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le s .




Average
mean2 )

114
74

M E C H A N I C S . M A I N T E N A N C E ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------------------

p ip e f it t e r

M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M M U F A C T U " In G ----------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S ---------------

1,767
1,149
616

1,166
671
496
923

147

,

*N0 CLEANERS -

6
0

L A B O R E R S , M a T e a U L HA.n u L I n o ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------NO N N A NUFACTU-'I'JG----------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S ---------------

------------------------------

P U B L IC

of
workers

NONMAn UF a CTUKING ---------------

A U T O M O T IV E

( M A I N T E N A N C E ) ----------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------------------

p a in t f r s

1»132
?38
a 94

------------------

JANITORS, PORTO'S,
E N G IN E E R S ,

Number

Sex, occu pation , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

6 .4 8

46

Average
mean2 )
hourly
amings3

C U ST OD IA L AND M A T E R I A L M O V E M E N T
OCCUPATIONS - M E N — CONTINUED

6 .0 5

------------------------------------------

M A IN T E N A N C E

M A N U F A C T U R IN G

Number
of
workers

CU S T O D I A L AND M A T E R I A L MO VE M E N T
O C C U P A T I O N S - ME N

PO W ERPLANT

O C C U P A T IO N S

CARPEN TERS,

S e x . o ccu p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv is io n

E a rn in g s data in ta b le A - 6 r e la t e o n ly to w o r k e r s w h ose s e x
id e n tific a tio n w as p r o v id e d b y the e s ta b lis h m e n t.
E arn in gs data in
ta b le s A - 4 and A - 5 , on th e o th e r hand, r e la t e to a ll w o r k e r s in an
o ccu p ation .
(S e e appen dix A f o r p u b lic a tio n c r it e r ia . )




Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts,
in Toledo, Ohio—Mich., for selected periods
In d u s try and occu p a tion a l
grou p

A l l in d u s trie s :
O ffic e c le r ic a l (m en and w om en ) ,,........ ....................
E le c t r o n ic data p ro c e s s in g (m en and w o m e n )____
In d u s tria l n u rses (m en and w om en )
S k ille d m a in ten a n ce tra d e s (m e n )_______________ ____
U n s k ille d plan t w o r k e r s (m en )
M a n u fa ctu rin g:
O ffic e c le r ic a l (m en and w o m en )
...... .............
E le c t r o n ic data p ro c e s s in g (m en and w o m e n ) ___
In d u s tria l n u rses (m e n and w om en ) ................ ......
.Skilled m a in ten a n ce tra d e s (m en),.
............
U n s k ille d p lan t w o r k e r s (m e n ).... . ......... .
... ____
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g:
O ffic e c le r ic a l (m en and w om en ),
..................
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g (m en and w o m e n )____
In d u s tria l n u rses (m en and w o m e n )________________
S k ille d m ain ten a n ce tra d e s (m e n )___________________
_
U n s k ille d plant w o r k e r s (m e n )._____________ _ _____

*
**

A p r i l 1972
to
A p r i l 1973

4.7

f
t

6.2
5.5
7.6

4.5

f
t

5.9
5.4
6.7

4.7

f
t

ft ft
ft ft

9.1

A p r il 1973
to
A p r il 1974

A p r i l 1974 to
M a y 1975
12-m onth
in c r e a s e

13-m onth
in c r e a s e

6.6
*
6.2
8.0
8.1

n .i

6.3
*
6.2
8.1
8.6

11.7
9.4
12.8
11.7
13.2

10.8
8.6
11.8
10.8
12.1

7.3
*
**

9.5
**

8.7
**

ft ft

ft ft

7.3

10.6

5.9

ff
tt

8.1
12.7
11.1

10.3

ff
tt

D ata not a v a ila b le .
D ata do not m e e t p u b lica tion c r it e r ia .

N O T E : The p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s p r e s e n te d in th is ta b le a r e b a s e d on ch an ges in a v e r a g e
h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r e s ta b lis h m e n ts re p o r tin g th e tr e n d jo b s in both th e c u rre n t and p re v io u s
y e a r (m a tch ed e s ta b lis h m e n ts ).
T h e y a r e not a ffe c te d b y ch an ges in a v e r a g e e a rn in g s
re s u ltin g fr o m e m p lo y m e n t s h ifts am ong e s ta b lis h m e n ts o r t u r n o v e r o f es ta b lis h m e n ts
in clu d ed in s u rv e y s a m p le s .
T h e p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a r e s t i l l a ffe c te d b y fa c to r s
o th e r than w a g e in c r e a s e s .
H ir in g s , la y o ffs , and tu r n o v e r m a y a ffe c t an e s ta b lis h m e n t
a v e r a g e f o r an occu p ation when w o r k e r s a re p a id u nder plans p r o v id in g a ra n g e o f w a g e ra te s
f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s . In p e r io d s o f in c r e a s e d h ir in g , fo r e x a m p le , n ew e m p lo y e e s e n te r at the
b o tto m o f th e -ra n g e , d e p r e s s in g the a v e r a g e w ithou t a change in w a g e r a te s .
T h e s e w a ge tr e n d s a r e not lin k e d to the w a g e in d e x e s p r e v io u s ly p u b lish ed f o r th is
a r e a b eca u se the w a g e in d e x e s m e a s u r e d ch an ges in a r e a a v e r a g e s w h e r e a s th e s e w a g e tre n d s
m e a s u re changes in m a tch ed e s ta b lis h m e n t a v e r a g e s .
O th er c h a r a c t e r is t ic s o f th e s e w a ge
tre n d s w h ich d iffe r fr o m the d iscon tin u ed in d e x e s in clu d e (1 ) e a rn in g s data o f o ffic e c l e r i c a l
w o r k e r s and in d u s tria l n u rs e s a re c o n v e r te d to an h o u rly b a s is , (2 ) tr e n d e s tim a te s a re
p r o v id e d f o r n on m an u factu rin g e s ta b lis h m e n ts w h e r e p o s s ib le , and (3 ) tr e n d e s tim a te s a re
p r o v id e d f o r e le c t r o n ic data p ro c e s s in g jo b s .
F o r a m o re d e ta ile d d e s c r ip tio n o f the m eth o d u sed to com pu te th e s e w a g e tr e n d s , see
"Im p r o v in g A r e a W a g e S u rv e y I n d e x e s ," M o n th ly L a b o r R e v ie w , Jan u ary 1973, pp. 52-57.

10.2
7.5
11.7
10.2
9.5

ff
tt

B. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions
In e x p e rie n c e d ty p is ts
M an u factu rin g
M in im u m w e e k ly s tr a ig h t- tim e s a l a r y 4

O th er in e x p e r ie n c e d c le r i c a l w o rk e rs
N on m an u factu rin g

B a sed on stan d ard w e e k ly h o u rs 6 o f—

A ll
in d u s trie s

A ll
sch ed u les

A ll
sch edu les

40

M a n u fa ctu rin g
A ll

40
________________

-

151

66

XXX

E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a vin g a s p e c ifie d m in im u m ________________

32

E s ta b lis h m e n ts s t u d ie d _____________________

U n der
$85.00
$87.50
$90.00
$92.50
$95.00
$97.50

__________

$85.00 __________________________________________________
and under $87.50 ____________________________________
and under $90.00 __________________________________ —
and u nder $ 9 2 .5 0 ----------- ---------------------------------and u nder $95.00 ___ _________________ ______________ _
and under $97.50 ------------------------------------- --------and u nder $ 100.00 ---- ------------------------------------ ----

$ 100.00
$ 105.00
$110.00
$115.00
$ 120.00
$ 125.00
$ 130.00
$ 135.00
$ 140.00
$ 145.00
$ 150.00
$ 155.00
$ 160.00
$ 165.00
$ 170.00
$ 175.00
$ 180.00
$ 185.00
$ 190.00
$ 195.00

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

u n der
u n der
u n der
under
under
u n der
under
under
under
under
u nder
u nder
u nder
u nder
u nder
u nder
under
u nder
under
under

$ 105.00 ________________________________—
$ 1 1 0 .0 0 __________________________________
$ 1 1 5 .0 0 __________________________________
$ 120.00 ------------------------------------------$ 12 5.00 _______________________________—
$ 130.00 __________________________________________
$ 135.00 ______________________________________ —
$ 140.00 _________________________________________ $ 145.00 _____________________________________ - —
$ 150.00 ___________________________________ ______
$ 155.00 -----------------------------------------------------------$ 160.00 __________________________________________
$ 165.00 ---- ----- ---------------------------$ 170.00 ------------------------------------------$ 175.00 __________________________ _______
$ 180.00 -------------------------------------- -—
$ 185.00 ________________________ _________
$ 190.00 __________________________________
$ 195.00 ________________________ _______ —
$200.00 __________________ ____ ___________

17

12

1
1
2
1
3
1

-

_

-

-

-

40

A ll
sch edu les

40

!

XXX

151

66

XXX

85

XXX

15

10

56

27

21

29

20

_

-

-

2
1
1

1

-

-

-

4
1
1
4
1

4

3

-

_

-

-

-

3

3

-

-

1
1
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

9
4
3
2
2
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

A ll
sch ed u les

as

1
1
2
1
3

1

N onm anufac tuning

B a s e d on sta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u r s 6 o f---

-

1
1
-

1

1
3
4
5
2
5
1

_

_

1
1
1
1

1
1
1
1

6
3
1
1

5
2
1
1

-

-

1
3
4
4
1
4

_
1
4
1
-

3

-

-

3
1
2
1
2

3
2
1
2

-

-

-

1

1
-

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
1

2

2
-

-

3
3
2
1
1

1

-

-

-

3
2
1
1

3
1
3
2
1
1
1

3
-

-

1
-

2
1
1

"
1

-

3
2
1
1
1

-

2
1
1

1

1

"
1

1
1

E s ta b lis h m e n ts h avin g no s p e c ifie d m in im u m -------------------

16

11

XXX

5

XXX

35

18

XXX

17

XXX

E s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ich did not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in th is c a t e g o r y _______________________________________________—

103

38

XXX

65

XXX

60

21

XXX

39

XXX

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .







Table B-2. Late-shift pay provisions for full-time manufacturing
plant workers in Toledo, Ohio—Mich., May 1975
( A l l f u ll- t im e m a n u fa ctu rin g plant w o r k e r s = 100 p e rc e n t)
A ll w ork ers 7

W o r k e r s on la te s h ifts

Item
Second sh ift

T h ir d s h ift

Second s h ift

T h ir d s h ift

23.0

8.6

P ercen t of w ork ers

In e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith la te sh ift p r o v i s i o n s ___
W ith no pay d iffe r e n t ia l fo r la te shift w o r k ____
W ith p ay d iffe r e n t ia l fo r la te sh ift w o r k ________
U n ifo r m c e n ts -p e r -h o u r d if f e r e n t ia l_________
U n ifo r m p e rc e n t d i f f e r e n t i a l __________________
O th e r d iffe r e n t ia l
'

96.8
-

92.5
-

-

-

96.8
68.2
27.1
1.5

92.5
63.2
27.1
2.2

23.0
16.1
6.6
.3

8.6
7.3
1.3
( 8)

13.5
5.2

18.3
10.0

13.6
5.1

18.4
9.5

A v e r a g e pay d iffe r e n t ia l
U n ifo r m c e n ts -p e r -h o u r d i f f e r e n t ia l____________
U n ifo r m p e rc e n t d i f f e r e n t i a l _____________________
P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s b y ty p e and
am ount o f pay d iffe r e n t ia l
U n ifo r m c e n t s - p e r - h o u r :
5 c e n t s __________________________________ ____ ~
6 c e n t s ________________________________ _____
___
8 c e n t s ____________________________________________
9 c ent s _______ ___________________________________
10 c e n t s ________ ______ ______ __________ —
12 cen ts
_____________________________
13 c e n t s __________________________________________
14 ce n ts __________________________________________
15 c e n t s ________________________________________ _
16 c ent s
17 ce n ts __________________________________________
18 c e n t s _____________________________ __________
20 c e n t s __________________________________________
22 ce n ts __________________________________________
2 3 ce n ts _________________________________________
25 c e n ts ______________________________ ___________
2 6 c e n t s __________________________ ____ ___________
27 c e n t s __________________________________________
30 c e n t s _________ ______________________________
40 ce n ts __________________________________________

2.5
1.4
5.1
7.7
10.3
5 .9
2.1
3.2
13.3
1.7
1.4
7.1
3.6
.5
2.5
-

U n ifo r m p e rc e n t:
5 p e r c e n t _________________________________________
10 p e rc e n t __
________ _______________
15 p e r c e n t ________________ _____ __________________

26.1
1.0

O th er d if f e r e n t i a l --------------- ----- -----------------------

1.5

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .

“

"
1.4
5.7
8.4
1.1
10.8
4.3
5.6
2.8
6.5
1.7
4.7
.5
3.6
3.8
2.2

.5
.5
1.1
2.3
2.2
1.2
.1
1.1
3.4
.2
.3
1.0
1.2
.1
.8
-

"
.3
1.5
"
.4
.7
.4
1.1
1.1
.2
.4
.3
.5
.2

1.2
24.9
1.0

6.5
.1

.1
1.2
'

2.2

.3

( 8)

O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o rk e rs
Item
A l l in d u stries

M anu factu ring

P u b lic u tilitie s

A l l in d u stries

100

100

100

100

100

.

.

_

1

-

1

14
1
(’ )
7
1
1

20

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s by scheduled
w e e k ly hou rs and days

A l l fu ll- tim e w o r k e r s ______________________________ ^---------

(’ )

3 6 V4 hours— 5 d a y s --------------------------- --------------------------------

1
2
1

(’ )

36 V2 hours— 5 d a y s ______________________________________________

1
1
1
1
-

3
1
_

1
89
89
(!)
(’ )
(’ )
(’ )

1

(’ )
54 hours— 6 d a y s _________ _____ __________________________________

1
1

-

-

_
_
-

:
-

94
94

95
95

1

38% hours— 5 d a y s ____________________________________ —
5 days

-

_
_
_
_
_
_
-

-

( 9)

5

-

2
3
71
71
(’ )
(’ )
(’ )

:

100

_
_
10
-

6
4
69
69
-

88
88
1
-

39.0

39.8

-

1

A v e r a g e scheduled w e e k ly hours
A ll w e e k ly w o rk s c h e d u le s ______________________________________

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .




40.0

40.0

40.4

39.2

O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m
A l l in d u stries

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A l l in d u s trie s

100

100

100

100

M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

P e rc e n t o f w o rk ers
A l l f u ll- t im e w o r k e r s _______________________________________
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts not p r o v id in g
paid h o lid a y s .
_
___
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
paid h o lid a y s ____
__
__ _____________________________

100

100

2
____

-

1

-

-

98

100

99

99

100

100

10.4

11 .5

9.5

10.0

10 .9

9.5

■

-

-

-

(’ )

A v e r a g e n u m b er o f paid h o lid a y s
F o r w o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
p r o v id in g h o lid a y s ___
________________

_

__ ___

__

P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s b y n u m b er o f
p aid h o lid a y s p r o v id e d 10
2 h o lid a y s ___ ______ _____ ________ _____ __
_
_ ___ _______ _
3 h o lid a y s _________________________________________
________________
5 h o lid a y s _____________________________________________________ ____
6 h o lid a y s _________________________ _____________ _________________
6 h o lid a y s plus 1, 2, o r 3 h a lf d a y s __________________________
7 h o lid a y s ___________________________________________________ _____
7 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf d a y ________________________________________
7 h o lid a y s plus 2 h a lf d a y s ___
________ __ __ _______
____
8 h o lid a y s _____________________ ___ ______________________ __
8 h o lid a y s plu s 1 h a lf d a y ________________________________________
9 h o lid a y s
__ -...........
9 h o lid a y s plu s 1 h a lf d a y ____________________________
9 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s _______________________________________
__________________________________________ ________
10 h o l i d a y s _
10 h o lid a y s plu s 1 h a lf d a y ____________________ _________ ____
11 h o l i d a y s __________________________________________________________
11 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf d a y _______________________________________
12 h o lid a y s
________________________________________________________
_
13 hoi id a y s ___ _______ _ ____________________________________________
14 h o l i d a y s __________________________________________________________
15 h o l i d a y s ________________________________________________ ___ —

(’ )
(’ )
1
5
2
4
1

( 9)

O
8
1
21
1
1
17
(’ )
7
2
7
15
6

4

1
1

2
14
1
2
21
7
3
11
24
9

2
6
51
23
17
-

( 9)
3
2
4
(’ )
2
8
1
26
2
21
"
6

1

4
-

5
2
10
-

2

3
7

32
6
6
6

6

11

3
'

(’ )

5

6
9

3
6
43
7
21
19
-

P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s b y to ta l paid
h o lid a y tim e p r o v id e d 1
1
2
3
5
6

d a ys o r m o r e . ------------------- -------------------------------------d a y s o r m o r e _____________________________________________________
d ays o r m o r e _____________________________________________________
days o r m o r e _____ ______________________________________________
6 V2 d a y s o r m o r e __________________________________________________
7 d a y s o r m o r e _____________________________________________________
7 l /z d a y s o r m o r e
. . . -------------------------------- ----------------8 d a ys o r m o r e ---- ------------------------------------- -----------------8 V2 d a y s o r m o r e _________________________________________________
9 d a ys o r m o r e -------------------------------------------------------------------9 1/z d a y s o r m o r e _________________________________________________
10 d a ys o r m o r e -------- --------------- --------- -----------------------IO V 2 d a ys o r m o r e _________________________________________________
11 d a ys o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------------------------11 Va d ays o r m o r e _________________________________________________
12 d a ys o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------------------------13 d a ys o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------------------------14 days o r m o r e ___________________________________________________
15 d a y s _______________________________________________________________




98
97
97
97
92
92
87
86
78
77
56
55
37
37
30
30
28
21
6

100
100
100
100
100
99
98
97
93
91
77
76
53
53
46
46

43
32

9

99
99
99
99
99
99
99
99
91
91
40
40
17
17
'

99
99
99
98
96
96
91
90
80
79
54
54
30
30
24
21
14
8
5

100
100
100
100
99
99
95
95
90
89
78
78
44
44
38
32
26
15
9

100
100
100
100
100
100
97
97
91
91
48
48
19
19
-

-

O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m 1
0
A l l in d u s trie s

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A l l in d u stries

_

100

100

100

100

100

100

N ew Y e a r 's D a y _______________ ______________________________________
D ay a fte r N ew Y e a r 's D a y ________________________________________
W a sh in gto n 's B ir t h d a y __________________________________________ .
Good F r id a y _______________________________________________ ________
G ood F r id a y , h a lf d a y _____ ________________________________________
F r id a y b e fo r e M e m o r ia l D a y ___________________________________ _
M e m o r ia l D a y ______ _____ __________________ _______________ _________
T h ird o f J u ly ____________________________ _____ ___________________
F o u rth o f July__________________________________________ _____ — F r id a y b e fo r e L a b o r D a y __________________ _______ ________________
L a b o r D ay ___________________________________________________________
C olum bus D a y _______________________________________________________
V e te ra n s D a y _____________________________________________________ T h a n k sg ivin g D a y _____________________________________ _____ ____
D ay a ft e r T h a n k s g iv in g ____________________________________________
C h ris tm a s E v e __ _________________________ ________________________
C h ris tm a s E v e , h a lf d a y ___________________________________ — _
C h ris tm a s D a y ---------- ----- ----------------------------------------------------C h ris tm a s —N ew Y e a r h o lid a y p e r i o d 12_________________________
E x tra day d u rin g C h ris tm a s w e e k _______________________ _____
_ _
3 e x tra days d u rin g C h r is tm a s w e e k _____________________
N ew Y e a r 's E v e ______ ________ ______________________________________
N ew Y e a r 's E v e , h a lf d a y _________________________________________
F lo a tin g h o lid a y , 1 d a y 13____________________________________ ____
F lo a tin g h o lid a y, 2 days 13________________________________________
F lo a tin g h o lid a y, 3 days 13_______________ _____ _________ ____
E m p lo y e e 's b ir th d a y _____________________________________________ E m p lo y e e 's a n n iv e r s a r y ___________________________________________

98
17
52
1

99

99

99
3
26
48
3
4
99
1
99
3
99
10
19
99
55
45
9
98
12
6
3
38
4
11
16
4
14
3

99
6
6
62
1
7
100
100
6
100

100

M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

P e rcen t of w o rk ers

A l l fu ll- t im e w o r k e r s _____________________________________

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .




(9)
97
97
97
1
10
97
50
67
4
97
25
1
2
61
4
9
8
3
16
2

-

10
65
( 9)
1
100
100
100
2
8
100
72
88
4
98
39
1
3
82
4
7
9
3
7

-

76
80
99
99
99
-

32
99
16
31
2
99
-

2
18
2
9
14
47

-

3
100
83
63
9
96
22
7
5
53
3
15
16
8
7

-

84
82
-

100
7
100
100
-

33
100
12
27
7
100
-

8
18
7
1
18
-

35

P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m

A l l in d u stries

O ffic e w o r k e r s

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A l l in d u stries

M an u factu rin g

100

100

100

100

P u b lic u tilitie s

P ercen t o f w o rk ers

A l l fu ll- t im e w o r k e r s ---------------------------------------------------

100

In e s ta b lis h m e n ts not p r o v id in g
paid v a c a t io n s _____ _ ______ ________ ____ ______ ___ _________ _
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
paid v a c a t io n s _____________________________________________________
L e n g t h - o f- t im e p a y m e n t______________________________________
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t ___________________________________________

-

-

_

_

99
65
35

100
49
51

100
96
4

99
96
4

100
94
6

100
100

23
19
5
-

34
22
7
-

7
56
8
1

8
61
10
2

(’ )

-

14
1

-

-

-

1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e :
1 w e e k ________________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s _________________________________
2 w e e k s ____________ _________________________________________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s _________________________________
3 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s _________________________________
4 w e e k s _________________ ____ ____ ______ _________ ____________

47
23
23
5
1
1

37
32
20
8
1
1

63
6
30
1

20
3
72
2
1
2

10
5
76
3
2
4

42

-

-

-

-

2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e :
1 w e e k ______________ _____________________________ __________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n der 3 w e e k s _________________________________
3 w e e k s ______________________________________________________
_
O v e r 3 and u n der 4 w e e k s
_
4 w e e k s _______________________________________________________

29
16
44
10
1
1

31
23
31
13
1
1

5
87
6
1

6
3
86
2
1
2

4
5
82
4
2
4

98
( 9)

-

-

-

-

3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e :
1 w e e k _____________________________________ ____ ______________
O v e r 1 and u n der 2 w e e k s _________________________________
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n der 3 w e e k s _________________________________
3 w e e k s . . ____________________________ __________________ ______
O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s _________ _ ___ _________ ________
_
4 w e e k s ------------------ ------------------------- ----------------------—

5
11
57
23
2
1
1

5
17
39
33
3
1
1

92
6
1

1
3
84
5
4
4

1
5
74
9
5
7

_
_
99
( 9)

-

-

-

-

4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e :
1 w e e k ________________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n der 2 w e e k s _____________ ______________ _
2 w e e k s ___ __________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n der 3 w e e k s _________________________________
3 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n der 4 w e e k s _______ ___________ ______________
4 w e e k s ______________________________ ______________~___ — ----

5
9
59
23
2
1
1

5
13
43
33
3
1
1

-

1
3
79
9
5
4

1
5
64
15
8
7

_

n

(’ )

100

-

A m ou n t o f p aid v a c a tio n a ft e r : 1
4
6 m o n th s o f s e r v ic e :
U n d er 1 w e e k ________________________________________________
1 w e e k ________________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u nder 2 w e e k s _________________________________
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u nder 3 w e e k s _________________________________




92
6
-

1

_

41
_

_

n
57

_

_
_

2
.

_

-

-

99
( 9)
-

O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m
A l l in d u s trie s

M an u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A l l in d u s trie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A m ou n t o f paid v a c a tio n a fte r 14— C ontinued

5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e :
O v e r 1 and u n der 2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------2 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ___ ___ _______________________
3 w e e k s _____________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ------------------ --------------------4 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 4 and u n der 5 w e e k s _________________ _____________

(’ )

-

87
6
6
1

10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e :
2 w e e k s ______________________________ ______________________
O v e r 2 and u n der 3 w e e k s _________________________________
3 w e e k s ________________________________________________ _______
O v e r 3 and u n der 4 w e e k s _________________________________
4 w e e k s ____________________________________________________ —
O v e r 4 and u n der 5 w e e k s ________________________________ -

7
11
46
30
5
1

3
15
31
46
5
1

6
86
6
1

7
5
75
4
6
4

6
8
65
7
7
7

3
97

12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e :
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s _________________________________
3 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u nder 4 w e e k s _________________________________
4 w e e k s ___________________________________________________ -—
O v e r 4 and u nder 5 w e e k s ------------------------------------------

4
10
47
31
6
1

2
15
31
46
5
1

5
87
6
1

5
5
71
10
6
4

4
8
60
14
7
7

2
98
( 9)
“
“

15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e :
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n der 3 w e e k s _______ _ ---------- ---------------3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s _____________________________ —
4 w e e k s ______________________________________________________ O v e r 4 and u nder 5 w e e k s -----------------------------------------O v e r 5 and u nder 6 w e e k s _________________________________

3
1
33
17
39
6
1

1
1
23
25
41
8
1

61
31
8

2
( 9)
45
21
28
4

1
26
38
28
7

66
33

“

"

"

20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e :
2 w e e k s _________________________ ______ _______________________
O v e r 2 and u nder 3 w e e k s _________________________________
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________________ —
O v e r 3 and u nder 4 w e e k s _________________________________
4 w ee k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 and u n der 5 w e e k s _________________________________
5 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 5 and u n der 6 w e e k s _________________________________

2
2
6
9
44
14
20
3

2
3
14
37
21
20
3

2
75
15
8

2
1
11
3
70
4
8
2

2
2
6
1
30
10
42
7

2
'2
2
30
14
41
9

25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e :
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s _________________________________
3 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u nder 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------------4 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 4 and u nder 5 w e e k s -----------------------------------------5 w e e k s _______________________________________ _______________
O v e r 5 and under 6 w e e k s -----------------------------------------6 w e e k s __________________________________________________ ____
O v e r 6 w e e k s ------------------------ ------------------------------------




6
44
19
25
5
1

10
27
26
29
8
1

( 9)

3
59
16
17
5
-

6
38
28
19
8
-

90
(’ )
10
-

-

-

-

2
2
10
78
8
2

i
9
40
2
44
( 9)
1
2

( 9)
1
7

5
67
7
9
4

( 9)
1
7
"
35
4
50

( 9)
"

(’)

7
82

(’)

11

-

"

7
-

13
( 9)
75

( 9)
5

3

P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Ite m
A l l in d u stries

M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A l l in d u s trie s

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A m o u n t o f p aid v a c a tio n a ft e r 14— C on tin u ed

30 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e :
2 w e e k s _____________________________ _______________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s _________________________ ____ ___
3 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u nder 4 w e e k s ___ _ _________________________
4 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 4 and u nder 5 w e e k s _____ _________________________
5 w e e k s _______________________ _____ __________________________
O v e r 5 and u n der 6 w e e k s _________________________________
6 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 6 w e e k s ________________________________________________

2
2
6
1
30
10
40
7
2

2
2
2
30
14
39
9
2

78
8
6

-

-

-

M a x im u m v a c a tio n a v a ila b le :
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s _________________________________
3 w e e k s ________________________________________________ -_____
O v e r 3 and u nder 4 w e e k s _________________________________
4 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 4 and u n d er 5 w e e k s ______ ________________________
5 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 5 and u n der 6 w e e k s _________________________________
6 w e e k s _________________________________________________ ______
O v e r 6 w e e k s ________________________________________________

2
1
6
1
30
10
40
7
2

1
3
2
30
14
39
9
2

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




2
7

2
1
6
42
2
43
(’ )
2
2

( 9)
1
7
35
4
48
( 9)
2
3

7
12
( 9)
74
7

-

2
( 9)
7
42
2
42

( 9)
8
35
4
46

-

-

( 9)
3
2

( 9)
4
3

-

2
7
78
8
6

-

-

7
12
( 9)
74
7

Office workers

Plant workers
Item

All industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

All industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

P ercen t o f w ork ers

A l l fu ll- t im e w o r k e r s _______________________________________

100

100

100

100

100

100

In es ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g at le a s t one o f the
b e n e fits shown b e lo w 15________________________________ __________

99

100

100

99

100

100

L ife in s u r a n c e ______________________________________________________
N o n c o n trib u to ry p la n s _________________________________________

98
89

98
93

100
85

99
84

100
88

99
78

A c c id e n ta l death and d is m e m b e r m e n t in s u r a n c e ___ _______
N o n co n trib u to ry p la n s .. _______________________________________

88
81

88
86

92
77

95
80

93
81

97
76

S ick n ess and a c c id e n t in s u ra n c e o r sick
le a v e o r both 1
6 -------------------------------------------------------- ----- -

94

98

76

96

96

97

S ick n ess and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e ____________________________
N o n c o n trib u to ry p la n s ___________________________________—
Sick le a v e (fu ll pay and no w a itin g p e r io d ) --------------------Sick le a v e (p a r t ia l pay o r w a itin g p e r i o d ) ----------------------

89
84
12
3

98
94
5
1

53
53
25
22

76
69
72
4

86
75
70
2

40
39
71

23

L o n g - te r m d is a b ility in s u r a n c e ______________ ____ _____________
N o n c o n trib u to ry p la n s ---------------------------------- --------- --------

29
27

34
33

24
24

60
49

61
44

27
27

H o s p ita liz a tio n in s u r a n c e --------------------------- ----------------- ----N o n co n trib u to ry p la n s --------- ----------- — ---------------------------

99
89

100
95

100
94

99
87

100
90

100
94

S u rg ic a l in s u r a n c e -------------------------------------------------------------N o n c o n trib u to ry p la n s -----------------------------------------------------

99
89

100
95

100
94

99
87

100
90

100
94

M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e ____________ _______________________— -------------N o n c o n trib u to ry p la n s _________________________________________

99
89

99
94

99
94

98
86

99
89

89
89

M a jo r m e d ic a l in s u r a n c e ------------------------------ ---------------------N o n c o n trib u to ry p la n s _________________________________________

56
47

46
42

89
89

91
77

86
71

97
97

Dental in s u r a n c e -------------------------- ----------------------------- --------N o n c o n trib u to ry p la n s ---- ----------- ----- — ---------------------------

35
33

47
44

14
14

30
25

47

9
9

R e tir e m e n t p e n s io n ------------------------------------------------------ ------N o n c o n trib u to ry p la n s ----------- ---- ------------------------------ -----

90
86

96
91

67
65

86
80

93
89

60
55

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .




Footnotes
A ll of these standard footnotes may not apply to this bulletin.

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime
at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median
designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive more and half receive less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined
by two rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn more than the higher rate.
3 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
4 These salaries relate to formally established minimum starting (hiring) regular straight-time salaries that are paid for standard
w ork w eek s.

5 Excludes workers in subclerical jobs such as messenger.
6 Data are presented for all standard workweeks combined, and for the most common standard workweeks reported.
7 Includes all plant workers in establishments currently operating late shifts, and establishments whose formal provisions cover late
shifts, even though the establishments were not currently operating late shifts.
8 Less than 0.05 percent.
9 Less than 0.5 percent.
1 For purposes of this study, pay for a Sunday in December, negotiated in the automobile industry, is not treated as a paid holiday.
0
1 A ll combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example, the proportion of workers receiving
1
a total of 9 days includes those with 9 full days and no half days, 8 full days and 2 half days, 7 full days and 4 half days, and so on.
Proportions then were cumulated.
1 A Christmas—
2
New Year holiday period is an unbroken series of holidays which includes Christmas Eve, Christmas Day, New Year's
Eve, and New Y e a r's Day.
Such a holiday period is common in the automobile, aerospace, and farm implement industries.
1 "Floating" holidays vary from year to year according to employer or employee choice.
3
1 Includes payments other than "length of tim e ," such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-sum payments, converted to an
4
equivalent time basis; for example, 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week’s pay. Periods of service are chosen arbitrarily
and do not necessarily reflect individual provisions for progression; for example, changes in proportions at 10 years include changes between
5 and 10 years. Estimates are cumulative. Thus, the proportion eligible for at least 3 weeks' pay after 10 years includes those eligible for
at least 3 weeks' pay after fewer years of service.
1 Estimates listed after type of benefit are for all plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the employer. "Noncontributory
5
plans" include only those financed entirely by the employer. Excluded are legally required plans, such as workmen's compensation, social
security, and railroad retirement.
1 Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below. Sick leave plans are
6
limited to those which definitely establish at least the minimum number of days' pay that each employee can expect. Informal sick leave
allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.




Appendix A
A r e a w a g e and r e la te d b e n e fits data a r e o b ta in ed b y p e r s o n a l v is it s o f B u rea u f ie ld r e p r e s e n t ­
a tiv e s at 3 - y e a r in t e r v a ls . 1 In e a ch o f the in te r v e n in g y e a r s , in fo rm a tio n on e m p lo y m e n t and
occu p a tion a l e a rn in g s is c o lle c t e d by a c o m b in a tio n o f p e r s o n a l v i s i t , m a il q u e s tio n n a ir e , and te lep h o n e
in te r v ie w fr o m e s ta b lis h m e n ts p a r tic ip a tin g in the p r e v io u s s u r v e y .
In ea ch o f the 82 2 a r e a s c u r r e n tly s u r v e y e d , data a re ob ta in ed fr o m r e p r e s e n ta tiv e e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b ro a d in d u s try d iv is io n s : M a n u fa c tu rin g ; tr a n s p o r ta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er
pu b lic u tilitie s ; w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r
in d u s try grou p s e x c lu d e d fr o m th e s e stu d ies a r e g o v e rn m e n t o p e ra tio n s and the c o n s tru c tio n and
e x tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a vin g f e w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d
b eca u se o f in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the occu p a tio n s stu d ied .
S e p a ra te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d fo r
each o f the b ro a d in d u s try d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r it e r ia .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e con d u cted on a s a m p le b a s is .
T h e sa m p lin g p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d e ta ile d
s tra tific a tio n o f a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the s co p e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y by in d u s try and n u m b er
o f e m p lo y e e s . F r o m th is s t r a t ifie d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ility s a m p le is s e le c te d , w ith e a ch e s ta b lis h m e n t
h avin g a p r e d e te r m in e d chance o f s e le c tio n . T o ob tain op tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r
p ro p o rtio n o f la r g e than s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c te d . W hen data a r e co m b in e d , e a ch e s ta b lis h m e n t
is w e ig h te d a c c o rd in g to its p r o b a b ility o f s e le c tio n , so that u n biased e s tim a te s a r e g e n e ra te d .
For
e x a m p le , i f one out o f fo u r e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c t e d , it is g iv e n a w e ig h t o f fo u r to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f
plus th re e o th e rs . An a lte rn a te o f the s a m e o r ig in a l p r o b a b ility is ch osen in th e s a m e in d u s t r y - s iz e
c la s s ific a tio n i f data a r e not a v a ila b le f o r the o r ig in a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
I f n o su ita b le su b stitu te is
a v a ila b le , a d d itio n a l w e ig h t is a s s ig n e d to a s a m p le m e m b e r that is s im ila r to the m is s in g unit.
O ccu pations and E a rn in g s
O ccu p ation s s e le c te d f o r study a re co m m o n to a v a r ie t y o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and n on m an u factu rin g
in d u s trie s , and a r e o f the fo llo w in g ty p e s :
(1 ) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (2 ) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (3 )
m ain ten an ce and p o w e rp la n t; and (4 ) c u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t. O c cu p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n is
b a sed on a u n ifo rm set o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d e s ig n e d to tak e account o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a ria tio n
in du ties w ith in th e s a m e jo b . O ccu p a tion s s e le c t e d f o r study a r e lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d in appendix B .
U n less o th e rw is e in d ic a te d , th e e a rn in g s data fo llo w in g the jo b t it le s a r e f o r a ll in d u s tr ie s com b in ed .
E a rn in g s data f o r so m e o f the occu p a tio n s lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u s try d iv is io n s w ith in
o ccu p a tion s, a r e not p r e s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s t a b le s , b e c a u s e e it h e r (1 ) e m p lo y m e n t in th e occu pation
is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it p r e s e n ta tio n , o r (2 ) t h e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f
in d ivid u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t data. S e p a ra te m e n 's and w o m e n 's e a rn in g s data a r e not p r e s e n te d when the
n u m b er o f w o r k e r s not id e n tifie d b y sex is 20 p e r c e n t o r m o r e o f the m en o r w om en id e n tifie d in an
occu pation.
E a rn in g s data not shown s e p a r a te ly fo r in d u s try d iv is io n s a r e in clu d ed in a ll in d u s trie s
com b in ed d ata, w h e re shown.
L ik e w is e , data a r e in c lu d e d in the o v e r a ll c la s s ific a t io n when a sub­
c la s s ific a tio n o f e le c t r o n ic s te c h n ic ia n s , s e c r e t a r ie s , o r tr u c k d r iv e r s is not shown o r in fo r m a tio n to
s u b c la s s ify is not a v a ila b le .
O ccu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a rn in g s data a re shown fo r fu ll- t im e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o s e h ir e d
t o w o rk a r e g u la r w e e k ly sch ed u le. E a rn in g s data e x c lu d e p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on
w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts . N o n p ro d u ctio n bon u ses a re e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - liv in g a llo w a n c e s
and in c e n tiv e bon u ses a re in clu d ed .
W e e k ly h o u rs f o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l and p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l
occu pation s r e f e r to the sta n d a rd w o rk w e e k (rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r) f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s
r e c e iv e r e g u la r s tr a ig h t- tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r and/or p re m iu m r a te s ).
A v e r a g e w e e k ly ea rn in g s f o r th e s e occu p a tion s a r e rou n ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e th e l e v e l o f o c c u p a tio n a l ea rn in g s in an a r e a at a p a r t ic u la r tim e .
C o m p a ris o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r tim e m a y n ot r e f le c t e x p e c te d w a g e ch an ges.
T h e a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s a r e a ffe c te d b y ch an ges in w a g e s and e m p lo y m e n t p a tte rn s .
For
e x a m p le , p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by h ig h - o r lo w - w a g e f ir m s m a y ch an ge, o r h ig h -w a g e

' Personal visits were on a 2-year c ycle before July 1972.
t Included in the 82 areas are 12 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are Akron, Chio; Austin, T e x .; Binghamton,
N. Y . —P a .; Birmingham, A la . ; Fort Lauderdale—Hollywood and West Palm Beach—Boca Raton, Fla. ; Lexington—Fayette, Ky. ; Melbourne—T itu s v ille Cocoa, Fla .; Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, Va. —N. C. ; Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N. Y . ; Raleigh—
Durham, N . C . ; Syracuse, N. Y . ; and Westchester County, N . Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies in approximately 70
areas at the request o f the Employment Standards Administration o f the U.S . Department o f Labor.




w o r k e r s m a y ad van ce to b e tte r jo b s and be r e p la c e d b y n ew w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a te s .
Such s h ifts in
e m p lo y m e n t could d e c r e a s e an o ccu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e e v e n though m o s t e s ta b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a
in c r e a s e w a g es d u rin g the y e a r .
T r e n d s in e a rn in g s o f o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , shown in ta b le A - 7 ,
a re b e t t e r in d ic a to rs o f w a g e tre n d s than in d iv id u a l jo b s w ith in th e gro u p s .
A v e r a g e ea rn in g s r e fle c t c o m p o s ite , a r e a w id e e s t im a t e s . In d u s tr ie s and e s ta b lis h m e n ts d if f e r
in p ay l e v e l and jo b s ta ffin g , and thus c o n trib u te d iffe r e n t ly to th e e s tim a te s f o r e a ch jo b .
Pay
a v e r a g e s m ay f a il to r e f le c t a c c u ra te ly th e w a g e d iffe r e n t ia l am on g jo b s in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
A v e r a g e pay l e v e ls fo r m en and w o m en in s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n s sh ou ld not be a s s u m e d to
r e f le c t d iffe r e n c e s in pay o f the s e x e s w ith in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts . F a c t o r s w h ic h m a y c o n trib u te
to d iffe r e n c e s in clu d e p r o g r e s s io n w ith in e s ta b lis h e d r a te r a n g e s , s in c e o n ly the r a te s p a id in cu m b en ts
a r e c o lle c t e d , and p e r fo r m a n c e o f s p e c ific d u ties w ith in th e g e n e r a l s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip tio n s .
Job
d e s c r ip tio n s used to c la s s ify e m p lo y e e s in th e s e s u r v e y s u s u a lly a r e m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th o s e used
in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts and a llo w f o r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s
am ong e s ta b lis h m e n ts in s p e c ific
d u ties p e r fo r m e d .
O ccu p ation al em p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t th e t o t a l in a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in th e s c o p e
o f th e study and not the n u m b er a c tu a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e s am ong e s t a b lis h ­
m e n ts d iffe r , e s tim a te s o f o c cu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t ob ta in ed f r o m th e s a m p le o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied
s e r v e on ly to in d ic a te th e r e la t iv e im p o r ta n c e o f the jo b s stu d ied . T h e s e d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l
s tru c tu re do not a ffe c t m a t e r ia lly the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n in g s data.
W a g e tr e n d s fo r s e le c te d occu p a tion a l g ro u p s
The
A n n u al ra te s
span b etw een
in c r e a s e d at

p e rc e n ts o f change in ta b le A - 7 r e la t e to w a g e ch a n ges b e tw e e n the in d ic a te d d a tes.
o f in c r e a s e , w h e re shown, r e f l e c t the am ount o f in c r e a s e f o r 12 m on th s when th e t im e
s u rv e y s w as o th e r than 12 m on th s. Annu al r a te s a r e b a s e d on th e a ssu m p tion that w a g e s
a constant ra te b etw een s u r v e y s .

O ccu p a tio n s used to com pu te w a ge tre n d s a r e :
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m en and w o m e n ):
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B
C le r k s , accou n tin g, c la s s e s A and B
C le r k s , f i l e , c la s s e s A , B , and C
C le r k s , o r d e r
C le r k s , p a y r o ll
Keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s e s A and B
M essen gers
S e c r e t a r ie s
S te n o g ra p h e rs , g e n e r a l
S te n o g ra p h e rs , s e n io r
T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s ,
c la ss B
T y p is t s , c la s s e s A and B
E le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g
(m en and w o m e n ):
C om p u ter o p e r a to r s , c la s s e s A , B , and G
C om p u ter p r o g r a m m e r s , c la s s e s A , B ,
and C

E le c t r o n ic delta p r o c e s s in g (m en
and w o m e n )— C on tin u ed
C o m p u te r s y s te m s a n a ly s ts , c la s s e s A ,
B , and C
In d u s tr ia l n u rs e s (m en and w o m e n ):
N u r s e s , in d u s tr ia l ( r e g i s t e r e d )
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e (m e n ):
C a r p e n te r s
E le c t r ic ia n s
M a c h in i sts
M e c h a n ic s
M e c h a n ic s (a u to m o tiv e )
P a in t e r s
P ip e f it t e r s
T o o l and d ie m a k e r s
U n s k ille d plan t (m e n ):
J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s
L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h an dlin g

P e r c e n t changes fo r in d iv id u a l a re a s in the p r o g r a m a r e co m p u te d as fo llo w s :
1. E ach occu p ation is a s s ig n e d a w e ig h t b a s e d on it s p ro p o r tio n a te e m p lo y m e n t in th e s e le c t e d
g ro u p o f occu pation s in the b a se y e a r .
2. T h e s e w e ig h ts a r e used to com p u te g ro u p a v e r a g e s .
E a c h o c c u p a tio n 's a v e r a g e (m e a n )
e a rn in g s is m u ltip lie d b y its w e ig h t. T h e p ro d u c ts a r e t o ta le d to obtain a g ro u p a v e r a g e .
3. T h e r a tio o f gro u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s is co m p u ted b y d iv id in g th e a v e r a g e
f o r the c u rre n t y e a r by the a v e r a g e fo r th e e a r l i e r y e a r . T h e r e s u lts — e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t— le s s 100
is the p e rc e n t change.

E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s
T h e B - s e r i e s ta b le s p r o v id e in fo r m a tio n on esta b lis h m e n t p r a c tic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e
p r o v is io n s f o r f u ll- t im e p lan t and o f f ic e w o r k e r s .
’’ P la n t w o r k e r s ” in clu d e w o rk in g fo r e m e n and a ll
non s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in c lu d in g le adm en and t r a in e e s ) e n ga ged in n o n o ffic e fu n ctio n s.
C a fe t e r ia
w o r k e r s and ro u te m e n a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m m a n u fa c tu rin g , but in clu d ed in n on m an u factu rin g in d u s trie s .
" O f f i c e w o r k e r s ” in c lu d e w o r k in g
s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g c l e r i c a l o r
r e la t e d fu n c tio n s .
A d m in is t r a t iv e , e x e c u t iv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and p a r t - t im e e m p lo y e e s a re exclu d ed .
P a r t - t im e e m p lo y e e s a r e th o s e h ir e d to w o r k a sch edu le c a llin g r e g u la r ly fo r fe w e r w e e k ly h ou rs than
th e e s ta b lis h m e n t's
sch e d u le f o r fu ll- t im e e m p lo y e e s in the sam e g e n e r a l ty p e o f w o rk .
The
d e te r m in a tio n is b a s e d on th e e m p lo y e r 's d is tin c tio n b etw een the tw o grou ps w h ich m a y ta k e into
accou n t not o n ly d iffe r e n c e s in w o r k sc h e d u le s but d iffe r e n c e s in pay and b e n e fits .
M in im u m e n tra n c e s a la r ie s f o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s r e la te on ly to the e s ta b lis h m e n ts v is it e d . (See
ta b le B - l . )
B e c a u s e o f the o p tim u m
s a m p lin g tech n iq u es used and the p r o b a b ility that la r g e
e s ta b lis h m e n ts a re m o r e l ik e ly than s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts to have fo r m a l e n tra n c e r a te s ab ove the
s u b c le r ic a l l e v e l , th e ta b le is m o r e r e p r e s e n t a t iv e o f p o lic ie s in m e d iu m and la r g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
S h ift d iffe r e n t ia l d ata a r e lim it e d to f u ll- t im e plant w o r k e r s in m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s . (S ee
ta b le B - 2 . ) T h is in fo r m a tio n is p r e s e n te d in t e r m s o f (1 ) esta b lis h m e n t p o lic y 3 fo r t o t a l plant w o r k e r
e m p lo y m e n t, and (2 ) e f f e c t iv e p r a c t ic e f o r w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d sh ift at the tim e o f the
s u r v e y . In e s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g v a r ie d d iffe r e n t ia ls , the amount ap p lyin g to a m a jo r it y is used.
In
e s ta b lis h m e n ts h avin g s o m e la t e - s h if t h ou rs p a id at n o rm a l r a te s , a d iffe r e n t ia l is r e c o r d e d o n ly i f it
a p p lie s to a m a jo r it y o f the s h ift h o u rs. A se c o n d (e v e n in g ) sh ift ends w o rk at o r n e a r m id n igh t. A
t h ir d (n ig h t) s h ift s ta r ts w o r k at o r n e a r m id n ig h t.
T h e s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs and d a ys o f a m a jo r it y o f the fir s t - s h if t w o r k e r s in an e s ta b lis h ­
m en t a r e ta b u la te d as a p p ly in g to a ll fu ll- t im e plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s o f that e s ta b lis h m e n t.
(S ee
ta b le B - 3 . )
S ch ed u led w e e k ly h o u rs and days a r e th ose w h ich a m a jo r it y of fu ll- t im e e m p lo y e e s a re
e x p e c te d to w o r k f o r s t r a ig h t - t im e o r o v e r t im e r a te s .
P a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a tio n s ; and h ea lth , in s u ra n c e , and p en sion plans a r e t r e a t e d s t a t is t ic a lly
as a p p ly in g to a ll fu ll- t im e p lan t o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r it y o f such w o r k e r s a re e lig ib le o r m ay
e v e n tu a lly q u a lify fo r th e p r a c t ic e s lis t e d .
(S ee ta b le s B -4 throu gh B - 6 .) Sums o f in d iv id u a l ite m s in
ta b le s B - 2 th ro u g h B - 5 m a y not e q u a l to ta ls b e c a u s e o f rounding.

T h e s u m m a ry o f v a c a tio n plans is a s ta t is t ic a l m e a s u r e o f v a c a tio n p r o v is io n s r a th e r than a
m e a s u r e of the p r o p o r tio n o f fu ll- t im e w o r k e r s a c tu a lly r e c e iv in g s p e c ific b e n e fits . (S ee ta b le B - 5 .)
P r o v is io n s apply to a ll plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t r e g a r d le s s o f len gth of s e r v ic e .
P a y m e n ts on o th e r than a tim e b a s is a re c o n v e r te d to a t im e p e r io d ; f o r e x a m p le , 2 p e rc e n t of
annual e a rn in g s a r e c o n s id e r e d e q u iv a le n t to 1 w e e k 's p a y. O n ly b a s ic p lan s a re inclu ded. E s tim a te s
e x c lu d e v a c a tio n b o n u s e s , v a c a tio n - s a v in g s p la n s , and " e x te n d e d ” o r "s a b b a t ic a l” b e n e fits b eyon d b a s ic
p la n s.
Such p r o v is io n s a r e t y p ic a l in th e s t e e l, alu m in u m , and can in d u s trie s .
H e a lth , in s u ra n c e , and p en sio n plan s fo r w h ich th e e m p lo y e r p ays at le a s t a p a rt o f the co s t
in clu d e th o se (1 ) u n d e rw ritte n b y a c o m m e r c ia l in s u ra n c e com p an y o r n o n p ro fit o rg a n iz a tio n , (2 )
p r o v id e d th rou gh a union fund, o r (3 ) p a id d ir e c t ly b y the e m p lo y e r out o f c u rre n t o p era tin g funds o r
fr o m a fund set a s id e f o r th is p u rp o s e .
(S ee ta b le B - 6 . )
An e s ta b lis h m e n t is c o n s id e r e d to have
such a plan i f the m a jo r it y o f e m p lo y e e s a r e c o v e r e d ev e n though le s s than a m a jo r ity p a rtic ip a te
u n der the plan b e c a u s e e m p lo y e e s a r e r e q u ir e d to c o n trib u te to w a r d the cost.
E x clu d ed are
le g a lly r e q u ir e d p la n s , such as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r ity , and r a ilr o a d re tir e m e n t.
S ick n ess and a cc id e n t in s u ra n c e is lim it e d to that ty p e o f in s u ra n c e under w hich p re d e te rm in e d
c a sh p a ym en ts a re m ad e d ir e c t ly to the in s u r e d du rin g t e m p o r a r y illn e s s o r accid en t d is a b ility .
In fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d f o r a ll such plan s to w h ic h th e e m p lo y e r c o n trib u te s .
H o w e v e r , in N ew
Y o r k and N ew J e r s e y , w h ich h a ve e n a c te d t e m p o r a r y d is a b ility in s u ra n c e law s re q u irin g e m p lo y e r
c o n tr ib u tio n s ,4 plan s a r e in clu d ed o n ly i f the e m p lo y e r (1 ) c o n trib u te s m o r e them is le g a lly r e q u ire d ,
o r (2 ) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e w ith b e n e fits w h ich e x c e e d th e r e q u ir e m e n ts o f the law . T a b u la tio n s o f
p a id s ic k le a v e p la n s a r e lim it e d to fo r m a l p la n s 5 w h ich p r o v id e fu ll pay o r a p ro p o rtio n o f the
w o r k e r 's p ay du rin g ab sen ce f r o m w o r k b eca u se o f illn e s s .
S e p a ra te tab u lation s a re p re s e n te d
a c c o rd in g to (1 ) plans w h ich p r o v id e fu ll pay and no w a itin g p e r io d , and (2 ) plans w h ich p ro v id e e ith e r
p a r t ia l pay o r a w a itin g p e r io d .
In ad d ition to the p r e s e n ta tio n o f p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s p ro v id e d
s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u ra n c e o r p a id s ic k le a v e , an u n du plicated to t a l is shown o f w o r k e r s who
r e c e iv e e it h e r o r b oth ty p e s o f b e n e fits .
L o n g t e r m d is a b ility in s u ra n c e p la n s p r o v id e p a ym en ts to t o t a lly d is a b le d e m p lo y e e s upon the
e x p ir a tio n o f th e ir p a id s ic k le a v e an d/or s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u ra n c e , o r a fte r a p re d e te rm in e d
p e r io d o f d is a b ility (t y p ic a lly 6 m o n th s ).
P a y m e n ts a r e m a d e u n til the end o f the d is a b ility , a
m a x im u m a ge, o r e lig i b i l i t y f o r r e t ir e m e n t b e n e fits .
F u ll o r p a r t ia l p aym en ts a re a lm o st alw ays
re d u c e d b y s o c ia l s e c u r it y , w o r k m e n 's co m p e n s a tio n , and p r iv a te p en s io n s b e n e fits payable to the
d is a b le d e m p lo y e e .

D ata on p a id h o lid a y s a r e lim it e d to h o lid a y s g ra n te d annually on a fo r m a l b a s is , w h ich (1 )
a r e p r o v id e d f o r in w r it t e n f o r m , o r (2 ) a r e e s ta b lis h e d by cu stom .
(See ta b le B - 4 .)
H o lid a y s
o r d in a r ily g ra n te d a re in c lu d e d e v e n thou gh th e y m a y f a ll oh a nonw orkday and the w o r k e r is not
g r a n te d a n o th er day o ff.
T h e f i r s t p a r t o f th e p a id h o lid a ys ta b le p re s e n ts the n u m b er o f w h o le and
h a lf h o lid a y s a c tu a lly g ra n te d . T h e se c o n d p a r t c o m b in es w h ole and h a lf h o lid a ys to show to ta l h o lid a y
tim e .
T a b le B - 4 a r e p o r ts th e in c id e n c e o f the m o s t com m on p a id h o lid a y s.

M a jo r m e d ic a l in s u ra n c e plan s p r o te c t e m p lo y e e s fr o m s ic k n e s s and in ju ry ex p en ses beyond
the c o v e r a g e o f b a s ic h o s p ita liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p la n s. T y p ic a l fe a tu re s o f m a jo r m e d ic a l
plan s a re (1 ) a " d e d u c tib le ” (e . g . , $ 5 0 ) p a id b y the in s u r e d b e fo r e b e n e fits b egin ; (2 ) a coin su ra n ce
fe a tu re re q u ir in g th e in s u re d to p ay a p o rtio n (e .g ., 20 p e r c e n t) o f c e r ta in exp e n s e s ; and (3 ) stated
d o lla r m a x im u m b e n e fits (e .g ., $ 10,000 a y e a r ).
M e d ic a l in s u ra n c e p r o v id e s c o m p le te o r p a r tia l
p aym en t o f d o c t o r s ' fe e s . D en tal in s u ra n c e u su a lly c o v e r s f illin g s , e x tr a c tio n s , and X - r a y s . E xclu ded
a re plans w h ich c o v e r o n ly o r a l s u r g e r y o r a c c id e n t d a m a g e.
R e tir e m e n t pension plans p ro v id e
p a ym en ts fo r the r e m a in d e r o f the w o r k e r 's l if e .

3 A n establishment was considered as having a policy if it m et either o f the follow ing conditions: (1 ) Operated late shifts at the tim e o f the
survey, or (2 ) had form al provisions covering late shifts. A n establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1 ) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months before the survey, or (2 ) had provisions in written form to operate late shifts.

4 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer contributions.
® An establishment is considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the minimum number o f days sick leave available to each
employee.
Such a plan need not be written; but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, are excluded.




Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Toledo, Ohio—M ich .,1 May 1975
N u m b e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts
M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts in scop e
o f study

In d u s try d iv is io n 2

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
W ith in scop e o f stu dy

W ith in scop e
o f study *

Studied
Studied

T o ta l4
N u m ber

P ercen t

F u ll- t im e
p la n t w o r k e r s

— —

_

572

151

130,876

100

74,661

M a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________________________ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________ _________ _
T ra n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and
o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s 5 _________________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e ________________________ _____ _
R e ta il t r a d e _________________________________ __ _
F in a n ce, in s u ra n c e , and r e a l es ta te
S e r v ic e s 8 ___ ___________________________________ _

50

241
331

66
85

74, 434
56,442

57
43

48, 824
25, 837

50
50
50
50
50

50
57
138
27
59

21
10
24
9
21

13, 899
6,036
23, 852
4, 643
8, 012

11
5
18
3
6

7, 877

A l l d i v i s i o n s __________________

_________

_

(6)
( 6)
( 7)
(6)

F u ll- t im e
o f f ic e w o r k e r s

T o ta l4

17, 256

7 7 ,4 3 8

9, 461
7, 795

49, 084
2 8, 3 54

2, 134
( 6)
(6)
( 6)
(6 )

11,043
1,491
9 ,4 0 5
2, 315
4, 100

1 T h e T o le d o Standard M e tr o p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d b y the O ffic e o f M a n a g em en t and B udget th rou gh F e b r u a r y 1974, c o n s is ts o f F u lto n , L u c a s , O ttaw a, and W o o d C ou n ties,
Ohio; and M o n ro e County, M ic h ,
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in scop e o f stu d y" e s tim a te s shown in th is ta b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a cc u ra te d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s itio n o f th e la b o r fo r c e
in clu ded in the s u rv e y .
E s tim a te s a r e not in ten d ed , h o w e v e r , fo r c o m p a ris o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s to m e a s u re em p lo y m en t tren d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s
e s ta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in a d va n ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu died, and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a re exclu d ed fr o m the s co p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d itio n o f the S tan dard In d u s tria l C la s s ific a tio n M an u al w as u sed to c la s s ify e s ta b lis h m e n ts by in d u stry d iv is io n .
3 In clu d es a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b ove the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
A l l ou tlets (w ith in the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ies in in d u s tr ie s such as tr a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir
s e r v ic e , and m o tio n p ic tu r e th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 In clu d es e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, p a r t - t im e , and o th e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d fr o m the s e p a ra te p la n t and o ffic e c a te g o r ie s .
5 A b b r e v ia te d to "p u b lic u t il i t i e s " in the A - and B - s e r i e s ta b le s .
T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in c id e n ta l to w a ter tra n s p o rta tio n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
T h e p u b lic tr a n s p o r ta tio n s y s te m in T o le d o is
m u n ic ip a lly ow ned and o p e r a te d and exc lu d e d fr o m the sco p e o f the s u rv e y .
6
T h is d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s f o r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu rin g " in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s , and f o r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s .
S e p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n o f
data is not m a d e f o r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
(1 ) E m p lo y m e n t is too s m a ll to p r o v id e enou gh data to m e r it s e p a ra te study, (2) the s a m p le w a s not d e s ig n e d in it ia lly to p e r m it
sep a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) re s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r in ad equ ate to p e r m it s e p a ra te p re s e n ta tio n , and (4 ) th e re is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t data.
7 W o r k e r s f r o m th is e n tir e d iv is io n a r e re p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n on m a n u fa c tu rin g " in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s , but f r o m the r e a l e s ta te p o r tio n o n ly in e s tim a te s
fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s .
S e p a ra te p re s e n ta tio n o f data is not m ad e fo r one o r m o r e o f the rea so n s giv e n in fo o tn o te 6.
8 H o te ls and m o te ls ; la u n d rie s and o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u sin ess s e r v ic e s ; au to m o b ile r e p a ir , ren ta l, and p a rk in g ; m otion p ic tu r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s (e x c lu d in g
r e lig io u s and c h a r ita b le o r g a n iz a tio n s ); and e n g in e e r in g and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .

NOTE:
S in ce the la s t s u r v e y in the T o le d o a r e a the Standard M e tr o p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a has b een expanded to in clu de F u lto n and O ttaw a C o u n tie s ,
g e o g ra p h y accou n ts f o r 8 p e r c e n t o f the w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f the study.
O v e r tw o -th ir d s of the ad d itio n a l w o r k e r s w e r e in m a n u fa ctu rin g e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
O ccu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s in fo r m a tio n in T a b le s A - 1 th rou gh A - 6 r e la te s to the expanded S M S A but w age tren d in fo rm a tio n in T a b le A - 7
the A p r i l 1974 s u rv e y .
N e x t y e a r a ll data w i l l r e la te to the e n la r g e d SM SA.

r e la t e s

O h io.

T h e a d d itio n a l

to the g e o g r a p h ic a l s co p e u sed in

In d u s tr ia l c o m p o s itio n in m a n u fa ctu rin g

L a b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t c o v e r a g e

A lm o s t tw o -th ir d s o f the w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f the study in the T o le d o a r e a w e r e
em p lo yed in m a n u fa ctu rin g fir m s .
Th e fo llo w in g p r e s e n ts the m a jo r in d u s try grou p s and
s p e c ific in d u s tr ie s as a p e r c e n t o f a ll m a n u fa ctu rin g :

The fo llo w in g tabu lation show s the p e r c e n t o f fu l l - t i m e plan t and o f f ic e w o r k e r s
e m p lo y e d in es ta b lis h m e n ts in w h ich a u nion c o n tr a c t o r c o n tr a c ts c o v e r e d a m a jo r it y o f the
w o r k e r s in the r e s p e c t iv e c a te g o r ie s , T o le d o ,
O h io— ic h ,,
M
M a y 1975;

In d u stry grou p s

S p e c ific in d u s trie s

T ra n s p o r ta tio n e q u ip m e n t______. 24
Stone, c la y , and g la s s
p r o d u c ts ________________ _________. 18
. 12
M a c h in e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l _. 8
P r i m a r y m e ta l in d u s t r ie s ______ . 8
F o o d and k in d re d p r o d u c t s _____ 6
E le c t r ic a l equ ipm en t and
s u p p lie s _____________________ —_ 5

M o to r v e h ic le s and
eq u ip m en t
_ _____ . . 21
M e ta l s ta m p in g s _____________ ... . 8
_ . 7
G la s s and g la s s w a r e ,
p r e s s e d o r b lo w n __________ ___ 7

T h is in fo r m a tio n is b a sed on e s tim a te s o f to ta l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d fr o m u n iv e r s e
m a te r ia ls c o m p ile d b e fo r e a ctu a l s u rv e y .
P r o p o r t io n s in v a r io u s in d u s try d iv is io n s m a y
d iffe r fr o m p r o p o r tio n s b a s e d on the re s u lts o f the s u r v e y as shown in the ap p en d ix ta b le.




P la n t w o r k e r s
A l l in d u s t r ie s ______
M a n u fa c tu rin g _____
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s ____

86
96
100

O ffic e w o r k e r s
20
16
79

An e s ta b lis h m e n t is c o n s id e re d to
h a ve a c o n tr a c t c o v e r in g a ll p la n t o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s
i f a m a jo r ity o f such w o r k e r s a r e c o v e r e d b y a la b o r - m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t.
T h e r e fo r e ,
a ll o th e r plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s a r e e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts that e it h e r do not h a ve
la b o r-m a n a g e m e n t co n tra c ts in e ffe c t , o r h a ve c o n tr a c ts th at ap p ly to fe w e r than h a lf o f
t h e ir plan t o r o ffic e w o r k e r s .
E s tim a te s a r e not n e c e s s a r ily r e p r e s e n t a t iv e o f the ex te n t
to w h ich a ll w o r k e r s in the a r e a m a y b e c o v e r e d b y the p r o v is io n s o f la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t
a g r e e m e n ts , b eca u se s m a ll es ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d and the in d u s tr ia l s c o p e o f the s u r v e y
is lim ite d .

Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

T h e p r im a r y p u rp ose o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r ip tio n s fo r the B u re a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s is to a s s is t its fie ld s ta ff in c la s s ify in g in to a p p ro p ria te
o c c u p a tio n s w o r k e r s who a re e m p lo y e d under a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o ll t it le s and d iffe r e n t w o rk a rra n g e m e n ts f r o m e s ta b lis h m e n t to e s ta b lis h m e n t and
f r o m a r e a to a re a .
T h is p e r m its the grou p in g o f o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e ra te s re p r e s e n tin g c o m p a ra b le jo b con ten t.
B e c a u s e o f th is em p h a s is on
in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t and in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ility o f o c c u p a tio n a l con ten t, the B u re a u 's jo b d e s c r ip tio n s m a y d if f e r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m th o s e in use in
in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts o r th o se p r e p a r e d fo r o th e r p u rp o s e s .
In a p p lyin g th e s e jo b d e s c r ip tio n s , the B u re a u 's f i e l d e c o n o m is ts a r e in s tru c te d
to e x c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p re n tic e s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a in e e s ; and h a n d icap p ed , p a r t - t im e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE

B I L L E R , M A C H IN E

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T IN G

P r e p a r e s s ta te m e n ts , b i l l s , and in v o ic e s on a m ach in e o th er than an o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a t ic
t y p e w r it e r . M a y a ls o k e e p r e c o r d s as to b illin g s o r shipping c h a rg e s o r p e r fo r m o th e r c l e r i c a l w o rk
in c id e n ta l to b illin g o p e r a tio n s . F o r w a g e study p u rp o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a ch in e, a re c la s s ifie d b y ty p e o f
m a c h in e , as fo llo w s :

P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e accou n tin g c l e r i c a l ta sk s such as p ostin g to r e g is t e r s and le d g e r s ;
r e c o n c ilin g bank a ccou n ts; v e r ify in g the in te r n a l c o n s is te n c y , c o m p le te n e s s , and m a th e m a tic a l a c c u ra c y
o f accou n tin g d ocu m en ts; a s s ig n in g p r e s c r ib e d accou n tin g d is trib u tio n c o d e s ; exam in in g and v e r ify in g
fo r c l e r i c a l a c c u ra c y v a r io u s ty p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a lc u la tio n s , p o s tin g , e tc .; o r p re p a rin g s im p le o r
a s s is tin g in p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p lic a te d jo u r n a l v o u c h e rs . M a y w o rk in e ith e r a m anual o r autom ated
accou n tin g sys te m .

B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e ).
U s e s a s p e c ia l b illin g m ach in e (c o m b in a tio n ty p in g and
adding m a c h in e ) to p r e p a r e b ills and in v o ic e s fr o m c u s to m e r s ' p u rch ase o r d e r s , in te r n a lly p r e p a r e d
o r d e r s , sh ip p in g m e m o ra n d u m s , e tc .
U s u a lly in v o lv e s ap p lica tio n of p re d e te r m in e d d iscou n ts and
sh ip p in g c h a r g e s and e n tr y o f n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w h ich m a y o r m ay not be com p u ted on th e b illin g
m a c h in e , and t o ta ls w h ich a r e a u to m a tic a lly accu m u la ted by m a ch in e. T h e o p era tio n u su a lly in v o lv e s a
la r g e n u m b e r o f c a rb o n c o p ie s o f the b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d and is often done on a fa n fo ld m a ch in e.
B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ). U s e s a b ook k eep in g m ach in e (w ith o r w ithou t a
t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) t o p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b ills as p a rt o f the accounts r e c e iv a b le o p e ra tio n .
G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s the sim u lta n eo u s e n tr y o f fig u r e s on c u s to m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d .
T h e m ach in e
a u to m a tic a lly a c c u m u la te s fig u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t ic a l colu m n s and com pu tes and u su ally p rin ts
a u to m a tic a lly the d eb it o r c r e d it b a la n c e s . D oes not in v o lv e a k n ow led ge o f b ook k eep in g. W o r k s fr o m
u n ifo r m and sta n d a rd ty p e s o f s a le s and c r e d it s lip s .

T h e w o r k r e q u ir e s a k n o w le d g e o f c l e r i c a l m eth od s and o ffic e p r a c tic e s and p ro c e d u re s w hich
r e la te s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s in g and r e c o r d in g o f tr a n s a c tio n s and accounting in fo rm a tio n .
W ith
e x p e r ie n c e , the w o r k e r ty p ic a lly b e c o m e s f a m ilia r w ith the b oo k k eep in g and accounting t e r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s used in the a s s ig n e d w o r k , but is not r e q u ir e d to have a k n o w led g e o f the fo r m a l p rin c ip le s
o f b oo k k eep in g and a ccou n tin g.
P o s it io n s a r e c la s s ifie d in to l e v e ls

on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d efin itio n s .

C la s s A . U n d er g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s a ccou n tin g c l e r i c a l o p e ra tio n s w hich re q u ire
the a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m e n t, fo r e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s in g c o m p lic a te d o r
n o n r e p e titiv e accou n tin g tra n s a c tio n s , s e le c tin g am ong a s u b sta n tia l v a r ie t y o f p r e s c r ib e d accounting
co d es and c la s s ific a t io n s , o r tr a c in g tr a n s a c tio n s though p r e v io u s accounting action s to d e te rm in e
s o u rc e o f d is c r e p a n c ie s . M a y be a s s is te d b y one o r m o r e c la s s B accou n tin g c le r k s .

B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

O p e r a te s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (w ith o r w ithou t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a rd ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f
b u s in e s s tr a n s a c tio n s .
C la s s A . K e e p s a set o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n o w led g e o f and e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic b oo k k eep in g
p r in c ip le s , and f a m ilia r it y w ith th e s tr u c tu r e o f the p a r tic u la r accounting s y s te m used.
D e te rm in e s
p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d is trib u tio n o f d e b it and c r e d it ite m s to be used in each ph ase o f th e w o r k . M a y
p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e ts , and o th er r e c o r d s b y hand.

C la s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e ph ases o r se c tio n s o f a set o f r e c o r d s u su ally
r e q u ir in g lit t le k n o w le d g e o f b a s ic b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r se c tio n s inclu de accounts p a y a b le , p a y r o ll,
c u s t o m e r s ' accou n ts (not in c lu d in g a s im p le ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d under b i l l e r , m a c h in e ), c o st
d is tr ib u tio n , e x p e n s e d is tr ib u tio n , in v e n to r y c o n tr o l, e tc . M a y ch eck o r a s s is t in p re p a ra tio n o f t r i a l
b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e ts f o r the accou n tin g d ep artm en t.

R e v is e d o c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r ip tio n s f o r sw itc h b o a rd o p e ra to r; s w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r - r e c e p tio n is t; m a c h in e - to o l o p e r a t o r , t o o lr o o m ; and to o l and d ie m a k e r a re b ein g in tro d u c e d th is y e a r .
T h e y a r e the re s u lt o f th e B u r e a u 's p o lic y o f p e r io d ic a lly r e v ie w in g a re a w a g e s u r v e y o c cu p a tio n a l
d e s c r ip tio n s in o r d e r to ta k e in to accou n t te c h n o lo g ic a l d ev e lo p m e n ts and to c la r if y d e s c r ip tio n s so
th a t th e y a r e m o r e
r e a d ily u n d e rs to o d and u n ifo rm ly in te r p r e te d .
E ven though th e r e v is e d
d e s c r ip tio n s r e f le c t b a s ic a lly th e s a m e occu p a tion s as p re v io u s ly d efin ed , s o m e re p o r tin g ch an ges
m a y o c c u r b e c a u s e o f th e r e v is io n s .

le v e ls

T h e new s in g le l e v e l d e s c r ip t io n f o r
p r e v io u s ly d e fin e d .




s w itch b o a rd o p e r a to r

is not the e q u iv a le n t o f the two

C la s s B . U n d e r c lo s e s u p e rv is io n , fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s and s ta n d a rd ized p ro c e d u re s ,
p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e ro u tin e accou n tin g c l e r i c a l o p e r a tio n s , such as p ostin g to le d g e r s , c a rd s , o r
w o r k s h e e ts w h e re id e n tific a tio n o f ite m s and lo c a tio n s o f p o s tin g s a r e c le a r ly in d ica ted ; ch eckin g
a c c u ra c y and c o m p le te n e s s o f s ta n d a rd iz e d and r e p e t it iv e r e c o r d s o r accou n tin g docu m ents; and coding
docu m en ts using a fe w p r e s c r ib e d accou n tin g c o d e s .
C L E R K , F IL E
F i l e s , c l a s s if ie s , and r e t r ie v e s m a t e r ia l in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g sys te m .
M a y p e r fo r m
c l e r i c a l and m an u al ta s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in file s . P o s itio n s a r e c la s s ifie d in to le v e ls on the b a s is
o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A . C la s s ifie s and
d o cu m en ts, e t c ., in an e s ta b lis h e d
M a y a ls o f i l e th is m a t e r ia l.
M ay
le a d a s m a ll grou p o f lo w e r l e v e l

L is t e d b e lo w
a re
s t e r e o ty p e s in the t it le s :

in d e x e s f i l e m a t e r ia l such as c o rre s p o n d e n c e , re p o r ts , te c h n ic a l
filin g s y s te m con tain in g a n u m b er o f v a r ie d su b ject m a tte r file s .
k e e p r e c o r d s of v a r io u s ty p e s in con ju n ction w ith the file s .
M ay
f i l e c le r k s .

r e v is e d

o c c u p a tio n a l

t it le s

in tro d u c e d

th is

year

to

e lim in a te

R e v is e d t it le

F o r m e r title

D r a ft e r
D ra fte r -tr a c e r
B o ile r te n d e r

D ra fts m a n
D r a fts m a n - tr a c e r
F ir e m a n , s ta tio n a ry b o ile r

sex

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued
C la s s B . S o r ts , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l by s im p le (s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h eadin gs
o r p a r tly c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l b y fin e r su bh eadin gs. P r e p a r e s s im p le r e la t e d in d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e
aids. A s re q u e s te d , lo c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n tifie d m a t e r ia l in file s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l. M a y p e r fo r m
r e la te d c le r i c a l ta s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v ic e file s .
C la s s C . P e r f o r m s rou tin e filin g o f m a t e r ia l that has a lr e a d y b een c la s s ifie d o r w h ich is
e a s ily c la s s ifie d in a s im p le s e r i a l c la s s ific a t io n
s y s te m (e .g ., a lp h a b e tic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r
n u m e r ic a l). A s re q u e s te d , lo c a te s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a t e r ia l in fi l e s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l; and m a y
f i l l out w ith d ra w a l c h a rg e . M a y p e r fo r m s im p le c l e r i c a l and m an u al ta s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and
s e r v ic e file s .
C L E R K , ORDER

E x c lu s io n s
N o t a ll p o s itio n s that a re t it le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e ab ove c h a r a c t e r is t ic s .
p o s itio n s w h ich a r e ex clu d ed fr o m th e d e fin itio n a r e as fo llo w s :
a.

P o s itio n s w h ich do not m e e t th e " p e r s o n a l" s e c r e t a r y c o n cep t d e s c r ib e d ab o ve;

b.

S ten o g ra p h ers

c.
S ten o g ra p h ers
m a n a g e r ia l p e rs o n s ;

not fu lly tr a in e d in s e c r e t a r i a l ty p e d u ties;
s e r v in g

as

o ffic e

a s s is ta n ts

to

a

g ro u p

o f p r o fe s s io n a l,

d.
S e c r e ta r y p o s itio n s in w h ich th e d u tie s a r e e it h e r s u b s ta n tia lly m o r e
s ta n tia lly m o r e c o m p le x and r e s p o n s ib le than th o s e c h a r a c t e r iz e d in th e d e fin itio n ;

R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r ia l o r m e rc h a n d is e b y m a il, phone, o r p e r s o n a lly .
D uties in v o lv e any c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o llo w in g : Q u oting p r ic e s to c u s to m e r s ; m a k in g out an o r d e r
sh eet lis tin g the ite m s to m ak e up the o r d e r ; ch eck in g p r ic e s and q u a n tities o f ite m s on o r d e r sh eet;
and d is trib u tin g o r d e r s h e e ts to r e s p e c t iv e d ep a rtm e n ts to be fille d . M a y ch eck w ith c r e d it d e p a rtm en t
to d e te rm in e c r e d it ra tin g o f c u s to m e r , a c k n o w led g e r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s fr o m c u s to m e r s , fo llo w up
o r d e r s to see that th e y h a ve b een f ille d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and ch eck sh ippin g in v o ic e s
w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .
CLERK, PA Y R O LL
C om pu tes w a g e s o f com p an y e m p lo y e e s and e n te rs the n e c e s s a r y data on the p a y r o ll sh e e ts .
D u ties in v o lv e :
C a lc u la tin g w o r k e r s ' e a rn in g s b a s e d on tim e o r p ro d u ctio n r e c o r d s ; and p o stin g
c a lc u la te d data on p a y r o ll s h e e t, sh ow in g in fo r m a tio n such as w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o rk in g d a ys, tim e ,
ra te , dedu ction s fo r in s u ra n c e , and to t a l w a g e s due. M a y m a k e out p a y ch eck s and a s s is t p a y m a s te r
in m akin g up and d is trib u tin g p a y e n v e lo p e s .
M a y use a c a lc u la tin g m a ch in e.
KEYPUNCH O PERATO R
O p e ra te s a keypunch m a ch in e to r e c o r d o r v e r i f y
c a rd s o r on tape.
P o s itio n s

a re c la s s if ie d in to l e v e ls

on the b a s is

E x a m p le s o f

te c h n ic a l,

or

ro u tin e o r sub­

e.
A s s is ta n t typ e p o s itio n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e r e s p o n s ib le te c h n ic a l,
a d m in is tr a tiv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c l e r i c a l d u ties w h ic h a re not ty p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r ia l
w ork .
N O T E : T h e t e r m "c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u sed in the l e v e l d e fin itio n s fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to th ose
o f f ic ia ls w ho have a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a t e - w id e p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d t o m a jo r com p an y
a c t iv it ie s .
The t it le " v ic e p r e s id e n t ," though n o r m a lly in d ic a tiv e o f th is
r o le , d o es not in a ll c a s e s
id e n tify such p o s itio n s . V ic e p re s id e n ts w h o se p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y is to a ct p e r s o n a lly on in d iv id u a l
c a s e s o r tra n s a c tio n s (e .g ., a p p ro ve o r deny in d iv id u a l loan o r c r e d it a c tio n s ; a d m in is te r in d iv id u a l
tr u s t accou n ts; d ir e c t ly s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff) a r e not c o n s id e r e d to be " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " fo r
p u rp o s e s o f applying the fo llo w in g l e v e l d e fin it io n s .
C la s s A
1.
S e c r e ta r y to the ch a irm a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a co m p a n y th at e m p lo y s ,
o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

in a ll,

a lp h a b etic an d/or n u m e r ic data on tabu latin g

2.
S e c r e ta r y to a c o r p o r a te o f f i c e r (o th e r than th e c h a irm a n o f th e b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t ) o f a
com p an y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 but fe w e r than 25, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .

3.
S e c r e ta r y to the h ead, im m e d ia te ly b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l , o f a m a jo r s eg m en t
o r s u b s id ia ry o f a com pany th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

C la s s A . W o rk r e q u ir e s th e a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d gm en t in s e le c tin g p r o c e d u re s
to be fo llo w e d and in s e a rc h in g fo r , in te r p r e t in g , s e le c tin g , o r cod in g ite m s to be keypu n ch ed fr o m a
v a r ie t y o f s o u rc e docu m en ts. On o c c a s io n m a y a ls o p e r fo r m so m e ro u tin e keypunch w o rk . M a y tra in
in e x p e r ie n c e d keypunch o p e r a to r s .
C la s s B . W o rk is rou tin e and r e p e t it iv e .
U n d er c lo s e s u p e rv is io n o r fo llo w in g s p e c ific
p ro c e d u re s o r in s tr u c tio n s , w o rk s f r o m v a r io u s s ta n d a rd iz e d s o u rc e d ocu m en ts w h ich h a ve b een c o d ed ,
and fo llo w s s p e c ifie d p r o c e d u r e s w h ich h a ve b een p r e s c r ib e d in d e ta il and r e q u ir e lit t le o r no s e le c tin g ,
co d in g, o r in te r p r e tin g o f data to be r e c o r d e d . R e fe r s to s u p e r v is o r p r o b le m s a r is in g fr o m e r r o n e o u s
ite m s o r c o d es o r m is s in g in fo rm a tio n .
M ESSENGER

C la s s B
1.
S e c r e ta r y to the ch a irm a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s ,
fe w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

in a ll,

2.
S e c r e ta r y to a c o r p o r a te o f f i c e r (o th e r than th e c h a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t ) o f a
com p an y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3.
S e c r e ta r y to the head, im m e d ia te ly b e lo w th e o f f i c e r le v e l , o v e r e it h e r a m a jo r c o r p o r a t e ­
w id e fu n ction a l a c tiv ity (e .g ., m a rk e tin g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a tio n s , in d u s tr ia l r e la t io n s , e t c . ) 0£ a m a jo r
g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a tio n a l segm en t (e .g ., a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r te r s ; a m a jo r d iv is io n ) o f a com p an y
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but fe w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p lo y e e s ; o r

P e r fo r m s v a r io u s rou tin e d u ties such as running e r r a n d s , o p e ra tin g m in o r o ffic e m a ch in es
such as s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , open in g and d is trib u tin g m a il, and o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk . E x clu d e
p o s itio n s that r e q u ir e o p e ra tio n o f a m o to r v e h ic le as a s ig n ific a n t duty.

4.
S e c r e ta r y to the head o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t,
o f f i c i a l ) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

SECRETARY

5.
S e c r e ta r y to the head o f a la r g e and im p o rta n t o r g a n iz a tio n a l s e g m e n t (e .g ., a m id d le
m a n a g em en t s u p e r v is o r o f an o r g a n iz a tio n a l s e g m e n t often in v o lv in g as m a n y as s e v e r a l hu ndred
p e r s o n s ) o r a com pany that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

A s s ig n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to one in d iv id u a l.
M a in ta in s a c lo s e and h ig h ly
r e s p o n s iv e r e la tio n s h ip to the d a y -to -d a y w o rk o f the s u p e r v is o r .
W o rk s f a ir ly in d ep en d en tly
r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e ta ile d s u p e rv is io n and gu id a n ce. P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l
d u ties, u su ally in clu d in g m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
a.
R e c e iv e s tele p h o n e c a lls , p e r s o n a l c a lle r s , and in c o m in g m a il, a n s w e rs rou tin e in q u ir e s ,
and rou tes te c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s to the p r o p e r p e rs o n s ;
b.

M ain ta in s th e s u p e r v is o r 's c a le n d a r and m a k es ap p oin tm en ts as in s tru c te d ;

d.
v i s o r 's

E s ta b lis h e s ,

c.

m a in ta in s ,

and r e v is e s the

R e la y s m e s s a g e s fr o m

P e r fo r m s

s u p e r v is o r to s u b o rd in a tes;

s te n o g ra p h ic and ty p in g w o rk .

M a y a ls o p e r fo r m o th e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l ta sk s o f c o m p a ra b le n atu re and d iffic u lty .
T h e w o rk ty p ic a lly r e q u ir e s k n o w led g e o f o ffic e ro u tin e and u n d erstan d in g o f the o rg a n iz a tio n , p r o g r a m s ,
and p ro c e d u re s

r e la te d to the w o rk o f th e s u p e r v is o r .




e tc . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t

le v e l of

C la s s C
1.
S e c r e ta r y to an e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s ib ilit y is not e q u iv a le n t to
one o f the s p e c ific l § v e l situ ation s in the d e fin itio n f o r c la s s B , but w h o se o r g a n iz a tio n a l unit
n o r m a lly n u m bers at le a s t s e v e r a l dozen e m p lo y e e s and is u s u a lly d iv id e d in to o r g a n iz a tio n a l s e g m e n ts
w h ich a re often , in tu rn , fu r th e r su b d ivid ed . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , th is l e v e l in clu d es a w id e ra n ge of
o r g a n iz a tio n a l ec h e lo n s ; in o th e rs , on ly one o r tw o ; oj*

s u p e r v is o r 's f ile s ;

e.
R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o ra n d u m s , and r e p o r ts p r e p a r e d by oth e rs f o r the s u p e r ­
s ign a tu re to a s s u re p r o c e d u r a l and ty p o g ra p h ic a c c u ra c y ;
f.

fa c to ry ,

2.
S e c r e ta r y to the head o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t,
o f f i c i a l ) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

fa c t o r y ,

e tc .

(o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l of

C la s s D
1.
S e c r e ta r y to the
about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ); £ r

s u p e r v is o r

or

h ead

of

a s m a ll

o r g a n iz a tio n a l

unit

(e . g . ,

fe w e r

than

2.
S e c r e ta r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s ta ff s p e c ia lis t , p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is tra tiv e *
o f f i c e r , o r assista n t, s k ille d tech n icia n o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E :
M a n y co m p a n ie s a s s ig n s te n o g r a p h e r s ,
r a th e r than s e c r e t a r ie s as d e s c r ib e d a b o v e , to th is l e v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r . )

STENO G RAPH ER

T A B U L A T IN G - M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (E le c t r ic A cco u n tin g M a ch in e O p e r a to r )

P r i m a r y duty is t o ta k e d ic ta tio n u sin g shorthand, and to tra n s c r ib e the d ic ta tio n . M a y a ls o
ty p e fr o m w r itte n c o p y .
M a y o p e r a te fr o m a s te n o g ra p h ic p o o l.
M ay o c c a s io n a lly tr a n s c r ib e fr o m
v o ic e
r e c o r d in g s
( i f p r im a r y duty is tr a n s c r ib in g fr o m
r e c o r d in g s , s ee T r a n s c r ib in g -M a c h in e
O p e r a to r , G e n e r a l).

O p e ra te s one o r a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s such as the ta b u la to r, c a lc u la to r , c o lla t o r , in t e r p r e t e r ,
s o r t e r , re p ro d u c in g punch, e tc . E x c lu d e d f r o m th is d e fin itio n a r e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s . A ls o exclu d ed
a r e o p e r a to r s o f e le c t r o n ic d ig ita l c o m p u te rs , e v e n though th e y m a y a ls o op e ra te E A M equipm ent.

N O T E : T h is jo b is d is tin g u is h e d f r o m that of a s e c r e t a r y in that a s e c r e t a r y n o r m a lly w o rk s
in a c o n fid e n tia l r e la tio n s h ip w ith o n ly one m a n a g e r o r e x e c u tiv e and p e r fo r m s m o r e re s p o n s ib le and
d is c r e t io n a r y ta s k s as d e s c r ib e d in th e s e c r e t a r y jo b d e fin itio n .

C la s s A . P e r f o r m s c o m p le te re p o r tin g and ta b u la tin g a s s ig n m e n ts inclu ding d e v is in g d iffic u lt
c o n tr o l p a n el w ir in g u n der g e n e r a l s u p e rv is io n .
A s s ig n m e n ts t y p ic a lly in v o lv e a v a r ie t y o f long and
c o m p le x r e p o r ts w h ich often a re ir r e g u la r o r n o n r e c u r r in g , re q u ir in g so m e planning o f the n atu re and
seq u en cin g o f o p e r a tio n s , and the use o f a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s . Is t y p ic a lly in v o lv e d in tra in in g new
o p e r a to r s in m a ch in e o p e ra tio n s o r tr a in in g lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a to r s in w ir in g fr o m d ia g ra m s and in
the o p e ra tin g s e q u en ces o f lo n g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D oes not in clu d e p o sitio n s in w hich w irin g
r e s p o n s ib ility is lim it e d to s e le c tio n and in s e r tio n o f p r e w ir e d b o a rd s .

S te n o g ra p h e r, G e n e r a l
D ic ta tio n in v o lv e s a n o r m a l ro u tin e v o c a b u la ry .
o r p e r fo r m o th e r r e l a t i v e l y ro u tin e c l e r i c a l ta sk s.

M a y m ain tain

f ile s ,

k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s ,

S te n o g r a p h e r , S e n io r
rep o rts

D ic ta tio n in v o lv e s a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la ry such as in le g a l
on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h . M a y a ls o s e t up and m ain tain f i l e s , k e ep r e c o r d s , e tc .

b r ie fs

or

OR
P e r f o r m s s te n o g r a p h ic d u ties r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n tly g r e a t e r indepen den ce and r e s p o n s ib ility
than s te n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l, as e v id e n c e d b y th e fo llo w in g : W o rk r e q u ir e s a high d e g r e e o f s te n o g ra p h ic
s p e e d and a c c u r a c y ; a th o ro u g h w o rk in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u sin ess and o ffic e p r o c e d u r e ; and o f
the s p e c ific b u s in e s s o p e r a tio n s , o r g a n iz a tio n , p o lic ie s , p r o c e d u r e s , f ile s , w o r k flo w , e tc . U s e s th is
k n o w le d g e in p e r fo r m in g s te n o g ra p h ic d u ties and r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l ta s k s such as m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p
f i l e s ; a s s e m b lin g m a t e r ia l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o ra n d u m s , and le t t e r s ; co m p o sin g s im p le le t t e r s fr o m
g e n e r a l in s tr u c tio n s ; re a d in g and ro u tin g in c o m in g m a il; and a n s w e rin g routine q u e s tio n s , e tc.

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p e r a te s a te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le used w ith a p riv a te b ra n ch exch an ge (P B X )
s y s te m to r e la y in c o m in g , o u tg o in g , and in t r a - s y s t e m c a lls .
M a y p ro v id e in fo r m a tio n to c a lle r s ,
r e c o r d and tr a n s m it m e s s a g e s , k e e p r e c o r d o f c a lls p la c e d and t o ll c h a rg e s .
B e s id e s o p e ra tin g a
te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le , m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r fo r m rou tin e c le r ic a l w o r k (typ in g o r rou tin e
c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y o ccu p y the m a jo r p o rtio n o f the w o r k e r ’ s tim e , and is u su ally p e r fo r m e d w h ile at
the s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le ).
C h ie f o r le a d o p e r a to r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one
o p e r a t o r a r e e x c lu d e d . F o r an o p e r a t o r w h o a ls o acts as a re c e p tio n is t, se e S w itch b o a rd O p e r a to r R e c e p tio n is t.

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T
A t a s in g le - p o s it io n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le , acts both as an o p e r a to r — se e S w itc h ­
b o a rd O p e r a to r — and as a r e c e p t io n is t . R e c e p tio n is t's w o rk in v o lv e s such duties as g r e e tin g v is it o r s ;
d e te r m in in g n a tu re o f v i s i t o r 's b u s in e s s and p r o v id in g a p p ro p ria te in fo rm a tio n ; r e f e r r in g v i s i t o r to
a p p r o p r ia te p e rs o n in the o r g a n iz a tio n , o r co n ta ctin g that p e rs o n b y telep h o n e and a rra n g in g an
a p p oin tm en t; k e e p in g a lo g o f v i s i t o r s .

P o s itio n s

a r e c la s s ifie d in to l e v e ls

on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d efin itio n s.

C la s s B . P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o rd in g to e s ta b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and under s p e c ific in stru ctio n s.
A s s ig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e c o m p le te but rou tin e and r e c u r r in g r e p o r ts o r p arts o f la r g e r and m o re
c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p e ra te s m o r e d iffic u lt ta b u la tin g o r e le c t r i c a l accou n tin g m ach in es such as the
ta b u la to r and c a lc u la to r , in ad d ition to the s im p le r m a c h in e s u sed b y c la s s C o p e r a to r s .
M a y be
r e q u ir e d to do so m e w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s .
M a y tr a in n ew e m p lo y e e s in b a s ic m ach in e o p era tio n s.
C la s s C . U n d er s p e c ific in s tru c tio n s , o p e r a te s s im p le ta b u la tin g o r e le c t r ic a l accounting
m a ch in es such as the s o r t e r , in t e r p r e t e r , r e p ro d u c in g punch, c o lla t o r , e tc .
A s s ig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly
in v o lv e p o rtio n s o f a w o r k unit, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o rtin g o r c o lla tin g runs, o r r e p e titiv e
o p e ra tio n s .
M a y p e r fo r m s im p le w ir in g fr o m d ia g r a m s , and do s o m e filin g w ork .
T R A N S C R IB IN G - M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L
P r im a r y duty is to tr a n s c r ib e d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l rou tin e v o c a b u la ry fr o m tra n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a ls o ty p e fr o m w r itte n co p y and do s im p le c le r ic a l w o rk . W o r k e r s
tr a n s c r ib in g d icta tio n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such as le g a l b r ie fs o r
r e p o r ts on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h a r e not in clu d ed .
A w o r k e r w ho ta k es d ictation in shorthand o r by
S ten otyp e o r s im ila r m a ch in e is c la s s ifie d as a s te n o g ra p h e r.
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m ake c o p ie s of v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls o r to m ak e out b ills a fte r c a lcu la tio n s
have been m ad e b y an oth er p e rs o n .
M a y in clu d e ty p in g o f s te n c ils , m a ts , o r s im ila r m a te r ia ls fo r
use in d u p lica tin g p r o c e s s e s . M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g lit t le s p e c ia l tra in in g , such as keepin g
s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o rtin g and d is trib u tin g in co m in g m a il.
C la s s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : T y p in g m a t e r ia l in fin a l fo r m when it
in v o lv e s com b in in g m a t e r ia l fr o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r r e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r c o r r e c t s p e llin g , s y lla b ic a tio n ,
punctuation, e t c ., o f te c h n ic a l o r unusual w o rd s o r fo r e ig n lan gu age m a t e r ia l; o r planning layou t and
ty p in g of c o m p lic a te d s t a t is t ic a l ta b le s to m a in ta in u n ifo r m ity and b a la n ce in sp acin g. M a y typ e routine
f o r m le t t e r s , v a r y in g d e ta ils to su it c ir c u m s ta n c e s .

C la s s B . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : C op y ty p in g fr o m rough o r c le a r d ra fts ;
o r ro u tin e typ in g o f fo r m s , in s u ra n c e p o lic ie s , e tc ; o r settin g up s im p le standard ta b u la tion s; o r
c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s a lr e a d y set up and s p a c e d p r o p e r ly .

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
CO M PUTER O PERATO R

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — C ontinued

M o n ito r s and o p e r a te s the c o n tr o l c o n s o le o f a d ig ita l co m p u ter to p r o c e s s data c c c o r d in g to
o p e ra tin g in s tr u c tio n s , u s u a lly p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m m e r .
W o rk in clu d es m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
S tu d ies in s tru c tio n s to d e te r m in e eq u ip m en t setup and o p e ra tio n s ; loads equ ip m en t w ith r e q u ir e d
ite m s (ta p e r e e ls , c a r d s , e t c .) ; s w itc h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia ry equ ipm en t into c ir c u it , and s ta rts and
o p e r a te s c o m p u te r; m a k e s a d ju stm en ts to c o m p u te r to c o r r e c t o p era tin g p r o b le m s and m e e t s p e c ia l
c o n d itio n s ; r e v ie w s
errors
m a d e du rin g o p e ra tio n and d e te rm in e s cause o r r e f e r s p r o b le m to
s u p e r v is o r o r p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a in ta in s o p e ra tin g r e c o r d s .
M a y te s t and a s s is t in c o r r e c t in g
p rogram .

C la s s B .
O p e ra te s in d ep en d en tly , o r u n der o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n , a co m p u ter running
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s : M o s t o f the p r o g r a m s a re e s ta b lis h e d p rodu ction
ru n s, t y p ic a lly run on a r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; th e r e is lit t le o r no testin g o f new p ro g r a m s
r e q u ir e d ; a lte rn a te p r o g r a m s a re p r o v id e d in c a s e o r ig in a l p r o g r a m n e e d s m a jo r change o r cannot be
c o r r e c t e d w ith in a re a s o n a b ly t im e . In com m on e r r o r s itu a tio n s , d ia g n o s e s cause and ta k es c o r r e c t iv e
a ction .
T h is u su a lly in v o lv e s ap p lyin g p r e v io u s ly p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t iv e step s, o r using standard
c o r r e c t io n te ch n iq u es.
OR

F o r w age

stu dy p u r p o s e s ,

c o m p u te r o p e ra to rs

a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A .
O p e r a te s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r under only g e n e r a l d ire c tio n , a c o m p u te r running
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s :
N ew p ro g r a m s a r e fr e q u e n tly te s te d and
in tro d u c e d ; sch ed u lin g r e q u ir e m e n ts a re o f c r i t i c a l im p o rta n c e to m in im iz e d o w n tim e; the p r o g r a m s
a r e o f c o m p le x d e s ig n so th at id e n tific a tio n o f e r r o r s o u rce often re q u ir e s a w o rk in g k n o w le d g e o f the
t o t a l p r o g r a m , and a lte r n a te p r o g r a m s m a y not be a v a ila b le .
M a y g iv e d ir e c tio n and gu id an ce to
lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a to r s .




O p e ra te s under d ir e c t s u p e r v is io n a c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s o r segm en ts o f p ro g r a m s
w ith the c h a r a c t e r is t ic s d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A . M a y a s s is t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e ra to r b y in depen den tly
p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt ta s k s fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in stru ctio n s
and w ith fre q u e n t r e v ie w o f o p e ra tio n s p e r fo r m e d .
C la s s C . W o rk s on ro u tin e p r o g r a m s under c lo s e s u p e r v is io n . Is ex p e c te d to d e v e lo p w o rk in g
k n o w led g e o f the c o m p u te r equ ip m en t used and a b ility to d e te c t p r o b le m s in v o lv e d in running routine"
p r o g r a m s . U s u a lly has r e c e iv e d so m e fo r m a l tr a in in g in c o m p u te r o p e ra tio n . M ay a s s is t h ig h e r l e v e l
o p e r a to r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .

C o n v e rts sta te m e n ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b le m s , t y p ic a lly p r e p a r e d b y a s y s te m s a n a ly s t, in to a
sequ en ce o f d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s w h ic h a re r e q u ir e d to s o lv e the p r o b le m s b y a u to m a tic data p r o c e s s in g
equ ipm en t. W o rk in g fr o m c h a rts o r d ia g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s the p r e c is e in s tru c tio n s w h ich ,
when e n te re d in to th e c o m p u te r s y s te m in co d e d la n g u a g e , ca u se the m a n ip u la tio n o f d a ta to a c h ie v e
d e s ir e d re s u lts .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : A p p lie s k n o w le d g e o f c o m p u te r c a p a b ilit ie s ,
m a th e m a tic s , lo g ic e m p lo y e d b y c o m p u te r s , and p a r t ic u la r s u b ject m a t t e r in v o lv e d to a n a ly ze ch a rts
and d ia g ra m s o f th e p r o b le m to be p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s seq u en ce o f p r o g r a m s tep s; w r it e s d e ta ile d
flo w ch a rts to show o r d e r in w h ich data w i l l be p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r ts th e s e ch a rts to co d e d in s tru c tio n s
f o r m ach in e t o fo llo w ; t e s ts and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s tr u c tio n s f o r o p e ra tin g p e rs o n n e l
du ring p ro d u ctio n run; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lt e r s p r o g r a m s t o in c r e a s e o p e ra tin g e f fic ie n c y o r
adapt to n ew r e q u ir e m e n ts ; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s o f p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t and r e v is io n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s
p e r fo r m in g b oth s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g should be c la s s ifie d as s y s te m s a n a ly s ts i f th is is
the s k ill used to d e te r m in e t h e ir p a y .)
D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily re s p o n s ib le fo r the m a n a gem en t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o th e r
e le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o g r a m m e r s p r im a r ily c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n t ific an d/or
e n g in e e rin g p r o b le m s .
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s ,

p rogra m m ers

a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W o r k s in d ep en d en tly o r u nder o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on c o m p le x p r o b le m s w h ich
r e q u ir e c o m p e te n c e in a ll p h a ses o f p r o g r a m m in g c o n cep ts and p r a c t ic e s .
W o rk in g f r o m d ia g ra m s
and c h a rts w h ich id e n tify th e n a tu re o f d e s ir e d r e s u lts , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g steps to b e a c c o m p lis h e d ,
and the r e la tio n s h ip s b etw een v a r io u s s tep s o f the p r o b le m s o lv in g ro u tin e; plans the fu ll ra n ge
o f p r o g r a m m in g a c tio n s n e e d e d to e f fic ie n t ly u t iliz e th e c o m p u te r s y s te m in . a c h ie v in g d e s ir e d
end prod u cts.
A t th is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m in g is d iffic u lt b e c a u s e c o m p u te r equ ip m en t m u st b e o r g a n iz e d to
p rod u ce s e v e r a l in t e r r e la t e d but d iv e r s e p ro d u c ts f r o m n u m ero u s and d iv e r s e data e le m e n ts . A w id e
v a r ie t y and e x te n s iv e n u m b er o f in te r n a l p r o c e s s in g actio n s m u st o c c u r. T h is r e q u ir e s such a ctio n s as
d evelo p m en t o f co m m o n o p e ra tio n s w h ich can be r e u s e d , e s ta b lis h m e n t o f lin k a g e p o in ts b etw een
o p e ra tio n s , ad ju stm en ts to data when p r o g r a m r e q u ir e m e n ts e x c e e d c o m p u te r s to r a g e c a p a c ity , and
su bstan tial m a n ip u la tio n and re s e q u e n c in g o f data e le m e n ts to f o r m a h ig h ly in te g r a te d p r o g r a m .
M ay

p r o v id e

fu n c tio n a l

d ir e c tio n to

lo w e r l e v e l

p ro g ra m m ers

w ho a re

s y s te m s

a n a ly s ts

a r e c la s s if ie d

as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W o rk s in d ep en d en tly o r u nder o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on c o m p le x p r o b le m s in v o lv in g
a ll p h a ses o f s y s te m a n a ly s is .
P r o b le m s a r e c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d iv e r s e s o u r c e s o f input data and
m u ltip le - u s e r e q u ire m e n ts o f output data. ( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in te g r a te d p ro d u c tio n s c h ed u lin g ,
in v e n to r y c o n tr o l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in w h ic h e v e r y it e m o f e a c h ty p e is
a u to m a tic a lly p r o c e s s e d th rou gh the fu ll s y s te m o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r ia te fo llo w u p a c tio n s a r e in itia te d
b y th e c o m p u te r .) C o n fe rs w ith p e rs o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e te r m in e th e data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and
a d v is e s s u b je c t-m a tte r p e rs o n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s o f n e w o r r e v is e d s y s te m s o f d a ta p r o c e s s in g
o p e r a tio n s . M ak es r e c o m m e n d a tio n s , i f n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a jo r s y s te m s in s ta lla tio n s o r ch an ges
and fo r obtaining equ ipm en t.
M a y p r o v id e fu n ctio n a l d ir e c tio n to lo w e r l e v e l s y s te m s a n a ly s ts w h o a r e a s s ig n e d to a s s is t.
C la s s B . W o rk s in d ep en d en tly o r u nder o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on p r o b le m s that a r e r e la t iv e ly
u n c o m p lic a te d to a n a ly z e , plan , p r o g r a m , and o p e r a te . P r o b le m s a r e o f lim it e d c o m p le x it y b e c a u s e
s o u r c e s o f input data a re h om ogen eou s and th e output data a r e c lo s e ly r e la te d . ( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s
s y s te m s fo r m ain ta in in g d e p o s ito r accou n ts in a bank, m a in ta in in g accou n ts r e c e iv a b le in a r e t a il
e s ta b lis h m e n t, o r m a in ta in in g in v e n to ry accou n ts in a m a n u fa c tu rin g o r w h o le s a le e s ta b lis h m e n t.)
C o n fe r s w ith p e rs o n s c o n c e rn e d to d e te r m in e th e d a ta p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c tm a t t e r p e rs o n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s o f th e d ata p r o c e s s in g s y s te m s to be ap p lied .
OR
W o rk s >on a segm en t of a c o m p le x d ata p r o c e s s in g s c h e m e o r s y s te m , as d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A.
W o rk s in d ep en d en tly on rou tin e a s s ig n m e n ts and r e c e iv e s in s tr u c tio n and gu id a n ce on c o m p le x
a s s ig n m e n ts . W o rk is r e v ie w e d fo r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t, c o m p lia n c e w ith in s tr u c tio n s , and to in s u re
p r o p e r a lign m en t w ith the o v e r a ll s y s te m .
C la s s C . W o rk s u nder im m e d ia te s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y in g out a n a ly s e s as a s s ig n e d , u su a lly
o f a s in g le a c tiv ity .
A s s ig n m e n ts a re d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p and expan d p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e in the
a p p lic a tio n of p r o c e d u re s and s k ills r e q u ir e d f o r s y s te m s a n a ly s is w o rk . F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s is t a
h ig h e r l e v e l s y s te m s a n a lyst b y p r e p a r in g th e d e ta ile d s p e c ific a tio n s r e q u ir e d b y p r o g r a m m e r s fr o m
in fo r m a tio n d ev e lo p e d b y the h ig h e r l e v e l a n a ly st.

a s s ig n e d to a s s is t.

C la s s B . W o rk s in d ep en d en tly o r u n der on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on r e la t iv e ly s im p le p r o g r a m s ,
o r on sim p le s e g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s . P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n ts ) u su ally p r o c e s s in fo rm a tio n to
p rod u ce data in tw o o r t h r e e v a r ie d seq u e n c e s o r fo r m a ts .
R e p o rts and lis t in g s a r e p ro d u c e d b y
r e fin in g , a daptin g, a r r a y in g , o r m a k in g m in o r ad d ition s to o r d e le tio n s fr o m input data w h ich a re
re a d ily a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m ero u s r e c o r d s m a y be p r o c e s s e d , the data h ave b een r e fin e d in p r io r
action s so that th e a c c u r a c y and seq u en cin g o f data can be t e s te d b y usin g a fe w ro u tin e ch eck s.
T y p ic a lly , the p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith ro u tin e r e c o r d - k e e p in g ty p e o p e ra tio n s .
OR
W o rk s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A ) under c lo s e d ir e c tio n o f a h ig h e r
l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s is t h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r b y in d ep en d en tly p e r fo r m in g
le s s d iffic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt ta s k s u nder f a ir ly c lo s e d ir e c tio n .
M ay gu ide o r in s tru c t lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s C. M a k es p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t ic e s and c o n cep ts u su a lly le a r n e d
in fo r m a l tr a in in g c o u r s e s .
A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e te n c e in the a p p lic a tio n o f
stan d ard p ro c e d u r e s to ro u tin e p r o b le m s . R e c e iv e s c lo s e s u p e rv is io n on n ew a s p e c ts o f a s s ig n m e n ts ;
and w o rk is r e v ie w e d to v e r i f y its a c c u ra c y and c o n fo rm a n c e w ith r e q u ir e d p r o c e d u r e s .
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U S IN E S S
A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b le m s to fo r m u la te p r o c e d u r e s fo r s o lv in g th e m b y use o f e le c t r o n ic
data p r o c e s s in g equ ip m en t.
D e v e lo p s a c o m p le te d e s c r ip tio n o f a ll s p e c ific a tio n s n e e d e d to en able
p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e r e q u ir e d d ig ita l c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
A n a ly z e s s u b je c t- m a tte r o p e ra tio n s to be a u tom ated and id e n t ifie s c o n d itio n s and c r i t e r i a r e q u ir e d to
a c h ie v e s a t is fa c t o r y r e s u lts ; s p e c ifie s n u m b er and ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d ocu m en ts to be used;
ou tlin es action s to be p e r fo r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u te rs in s u ffic ie n t d e ta il f o r p re s e n ta tio n to
m an agem en t and f o r p ro g r a m m in g (t y p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p r e p a r a tio n o f w o rk and data flo w c h a r ts );
c o o rd in a te s the d e v e lo p m e n t o f te s t p ro b le m s and p a r tic ip a te s in t r i a l runs o f n ew and r e v is e d s y s te m s ;
and re c o m m e n d s equ ip m en t ch an ges to obtain m o r e e ffe c t iv e o v e r a ll o p e r a tio n s .
(N O T E :
W ork ers
p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p ro g r a m m in g should be c la s s ifie d as s y s te m s a n a lysts i f th is is
the s k ill used to d e te r m in e t h e ir p a y .)
D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily re s p o n s ib le f o r the m a n a gem en t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o th e r
e le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r s y s te m s a n a ly sts p r im a r ily c o n c e rn e d w ith s c ie n t ific o r
e n g in e e rin g p ro b le m s .




F o r w a g e study p u rp o s e s ,

D RAFTER
C la s s A . P la n s the g ra p h ic p re s e n ta tio n o f c o m p le x ite m s h a vin g d is t in c t iv e d esig n fe a tu re s
that d if f e r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m e s ta b lis h e d d ra ftin g p r e c e d e n ts . W o r k s in c lo s e su p p ort w ith the d esig n
o r ig in a t o r , and m a y re c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g es.
A n a ly z e s the e ffe c t o f e a ch ch an ge on the
d e ta ils o f fo r m , fu n ction , and p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s o f co m p o n en ts and p a r ts .
W o r k s w ith a
m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is ta n c e . C o m p le te d w o r k is r e v ie w e d by d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r f o r c o n s is te n c y
w ith p r io r e n g in e e rin g d e te rm in a tio n s . M a y e it h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d ir e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a tio n by
lo w e r l e v e l d r a fte r s .
C la s s _ B . P e r fo r m s n on rou tin e and c o m p le x d r a ftin g a s s ig n m e n ts th at r e q u ir e th e a p p lic a tio n
o f m o s t o f the sta n d a rd iz e d draw in g te c h n iq u e s r e g u la r ly u sed . D u ties t y p ic a lly in v o lv e such w o r k as:
P r e p a r e s w o rk in g d ra w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith ir r e g u l a r s h a p e s , m u ltip le fu n c tio n s , and p r e c is e
p o s itio n a l re la tio n s h ip s b etw een com p on en ts; p r e p a r e s a r c h it e c t u r a l d ra w in g s f o r c o n s tru c tio n o f a
b u ild in g in clu din g d e ta il d ra w in g s of fo u n d a tio n s, wadi s e c tio n s , f l o o r plains, and ro o f. U s e s a c c e p te d
fo r m u la s and m anuals in madcing n e c e s s a r y c o m p u ta tio n s to d e te r m in e q u a n titie s o f m a te ria d s to be
u sed , lo a d c a p a c itie s , s tre n g th s , s t r e s s e s , e tc .
R e c e iv e s in it ia l in s tr u c tio n s , r e q u ir e m e n t s , and
a d v ic e fr o m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le te d w o r k is c h e c k e d fo r t e c h n ic a l a d eq u a cy.
C la s s C .
P r e p a r e s d e ta il d ra w in g s o f s in g le units o r p a r ts f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tru c tio n ,
m a n u fa c tu rin g , o r r e p a ir p u rp o s e s .
T y p e s o f d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d in clu d e is o m e t r ic p r o je c t io n s
(d e p ic tin g th r e e d im en sio n s in a cc u ra te s c a le ) and s e c tio n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s itio n in g o f co m p on en ts
and c o n v e y n eed ed in fo rm a tio n .
C o n s o lid a te s d e ta ils f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s and ad ju sts o r
tr a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ire d .
S u g g ested m eth o d s o f a p p ro a c h , a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n ts , and a d v ic e on
s o u r c e m a te r ia ls a re g iv e n w ith in itiail a s s ig n m e n ts . In s tr u c tio n s a r e le s s c o m p le te when a s s ig n m e n ts
recu r.
W o rk m ay be s p o t-c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T E R -T R A C E R
C o p ies plans and d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o th e rs b y p la c in g t r a c in g c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r d ra w in g s
and t r a c in g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
(D o es n ot in c lu d e t r a c in g lim it e d to p lan s p r im a r ily c o n s is tin g o f
s tra ig h t lin e s and a la r g e scaile not r e q u ir in g c lo s e d e lin e a tio n .)
AND /O R
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e titiv e d ra w in g s o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d it e m s .
d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

W o r k is c lo s e ly

s u p e r v is e d '

W o r k s on
co m b in a tio n o f the
c o n s tru c tin g , and
p r in c ip le s , a b ility

v a r io u s ty p e s o f e le c t r o n ic equ ipm en t and re la te d d e v ic e s b y p e r fo r m in g one o r a
fo llo w in g : In s t a llin g , m a in ta in in g , r e p a ir in g , o v e rh a u lin g , tr o u b le s h o o tin g , m o d ify in g ,
te s tin g .
W o r k r e q u ir e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lica tio n o f te c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e o f e le c t r o n ic s
to d e te r m in e m a lfu n c tio n s , and s k ill to put equ ipm en t in r e q u ir e d o p e ra tin g con d ition .

C la s s B . A p p lie s c o m p r e h e n s iv e te c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e c o m p le x p ro b le m s (i. e . , th ose
t h a t . ty p ic a lly can be s o lv e d s o le ly b y p r o p e r ly in te r p r e tin g m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m anuals o r s im ila r
d o c u m e n ts ) in w o rk in g on e le c t r o n ic equ ip m en t. W o r k in v o lv e s : A fa m ilia r it y w ith the in t e r r e la t io n ­
sh ips o f c ir c u it s ; and ju d gm en t in d e te rm in in g w o r k s eq u en ce and in s e le c tin g to o ls and te s tin g
in s tru m e n ts , u su ally le s s c o m p le x than th o s e used b y the c la s s A te c h n ic ia n .

T h e equ ip m en t— c o n s is tin g o f e it h e r m an y d iffe r e n t kinds o f c ir c u its o r m u ltip le re p e titio n o f
the s a m e kind o f c ir c u it — in c lu d e s , but is not lim it e d to , the fo llo w in g :
(a ) E le c t r o n ic tr a n s m ittin g
and r e c e iv in g eq u ip m en t ( e . g . , r a d a r , ra d io , te le v is io n , te le p h o n e , son ar, n a v ig a tio n a l a id s ), (b )
d ig it a l and an alog c o m p u te r s , and ( c ) in d u s tr ia l and m e d ic a l m e a s u rin g and c o n tr o llin g eq u ip m en t.

R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l gu id a n ce, as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n , and
w o r k is r e v ie w e d fo r s p e c ific c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d p r a c t ic e s and w o r k a ssig n m en ts. M a y p ro v id e
te c h n ic a l gu idan ce to lo w e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s .

T h is c la s s ific a t io n e x c lu d e s r e p a ir m e n o f such stan d ard e le c t r o n ic equ ipm en t as co m m o n o ffic e
m a c h in e s and h ou seh old ra d io and t e le v is io n s e ts ; p rod u ction a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h ose
p r im a r y duty is
s e r v ic in g e le c t r o n ic te s t in s tru m e n ts ; tech n ic ia n s who h a ve a d m in is tr a tiv e o r
s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s ig n e r s , and p r o fe s s io n a l e n g in e e r s .

C la s s C . A p p lie s w o rk in g te c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to p e r fo r m s im p le o r rou tin e ta sk s in w ork in g
on e le c t r o n ic equ ip m en t, fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s w h ich c o v e r v ir t u a lly a ll p ro c e d u re s .
W ork
t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s such ta s k s as: A s s is tin g h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s by p e r fo r m in g such a c tiv itie s as
re p la c in g c o m p o n en ts, w ir in g c ir c u it s , and ta k in g t e s t r e a d in g s ; r e p a ir in g s im p le e le c tr o n ic equipm ent;
and using t o o ls and com m on t e s t in s tru m e n ts ( e . g . , m u lt im e t e r s , audio s ig n a l g e n e r a to r s , tube te s t e r s ,
o s c illo s c o p e s ). Is not r e q u ir e d to be fa m ilia r w ith th e in te r r e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u its . T h is k n o w led ge,
h o w e v e r , m a y be a c q u ire d th rou gh a s s ig n m e n ts d e s ig n e d to in c r e a s e c o m p e te n c e (in clu d in g c la s s r o o m
t r a in in g ) so that w o r k e r can advan ce to h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n .

P o s it io n s

a r e c la s s if ie d in to le v e ls

on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .

R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l gu id a n ce, as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r l e v e l tech n icia n . W ork
is t y p ic a lly spot ch e c k e d , but is g iv e n d e ta ile d r e v ie w w hen n ew o r a d van ced assign m en ts a re in vo lved .

G la s s A .
A p p lie s a d va n ced te c h n ic a l k n o w led g e to s o lv e unusually c o m p le x p ro b le m s ( i . e . ,
th o s e that t y p ic a lly cannot be s o lv e d s o le ly b y
r e fe r e n c e to m a n u fa c tu re rs ' m an u als o r s im ila r
d o c u m e n ts ) in w o rk in g on e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m en t.
E x a m p le s o f such p ro b le m s in clu d e lo c a tio n and
d e n s ity o f c ir c u it r y , e le c t r o - m a g n e t ic r a d ia tio n , is o la tin g m a lfu n c tio n s , and fre q u e n t e n g in e e rin g
ch a n ges.
W o r k in v o lv e s :
A d e ta ile d u n d ersta n d in g of the in te r r e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s ; e x e r c is in g
in d ep en d en t ju d g m e n t in p e r fo r m in g such ta s k s as m ak in g c ir c u it a n a ly s e s , c a lc u la tin g w a v e fo r m s ,
t r a c in g re la tio n s h ip s in s ig n a l flo w ; and r e g u la r ly using c o m p le x te s t in stru m en ts' (e . g . , dual t r a c e
o s c illo s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia tio n m e t e r s , p u lse g e n e r a to r s ).
W o r k m a y b e r e v ie w e d b y
c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d p r a c t ic e s .

s u p e r v is o r (fr e q u e n tly an e n g in e e r o r d e s ig n e r )
M a y p r o v id e te c h n ic a l gu idance to lo w e r l e v e l

fo r gen eral,
te c h n ic ia n s .

N U R S E , IN D U S T R IA L (R e g is t e r e d )
A r e g is t e r e d n u rse w ho g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e u n der g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ire c tio n to i l l o r in ju re d
e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e rs o n s who b e c o m e i l l o r s u ffe r an a ccid en t on the p r e m is e s o f a fa c t o r y o r
o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
D u ties in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : G iv in g f ir s t aid to the i l l o r
in ju re d ; attending to subsequent d re s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k eep in g r e c o r d s o f patien ts tre a te d ;
p re p a r in g a cc id e n t r e p o r ts f o r co m p en sa tio n o r o th er p u rp o s e s ; a s s is tin g in p h y s ic a l ex am in ation s and
h ea lth e v a lu a tio n s o f ap p lica n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y in g out p ro g r a m s in v o lv in g health
e d u ca tio n , a cc id e n t p re v e n tio n , ev a lu a tio n o f plan t e n v iro n m e n t, o r o th e r a c t iv itie s a ffe c tin g the health,
w e lf a r e , and s a fe ty of a ll p e rs o n n e l. N u rs in g s u p e r v is o r s o r head n u rs e s in e sta b lish m en ts e m p lo y in g
m o r e than one n u rse a re ex clu d ed .

M AINTENA NCE AND POWERPLANT
B O IL E R T E N D E R

H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

F i r e s s ta tio n a r y b o ile r s to fu rn is h th e e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith h ea t, p o w e r ,
o r s te a m .
F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e b y hand o r o p e ra te s a m e c h a n ic a l s to k e r, g a s , o r o il b u rn e r; and
c h e c k s w a t e r and s a fe ty v a lv e s .
M a y c le a n , o il, o r a s s is t in re p a irin g b o ile r r o o m equ ip m en t.

A s s is t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m a in ten a n ce t r a d e s , by p e r fo r m in g s p e c ific o r
g e n e r a l d u ties o f l e s s e r s k ill, such as k e ep in g a w o r k e r su p p lied w ith m a te r ia ls and to o ls ; clea n in g
w o rk in g a r e a , m a c h in e , and eq u ip m en t; a s s is tin g jo u rn e y m a n by h old in g m a te r ia ls o r to o ls ; and
p e r fo r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d ta s k s as d ir e c t e d b y jo u rn e y m a n . T h e kin d o f w o r k the h e lp e r is p e rm itte d
to p e r fo r m v a r ie s fr o m tra d e to t r a d e :
In s o m e t r a d e s the h e lp e r is c o n fin e d to su pplyin g, liftin g ,
and h old in g m a t e r ia ls and t o o ls , and c le a n in g w o rk in g a r e a s ; and in o th e rs he is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m
s p e c ia liz e d m a ch in e o p e r a tio n s , o r p a rts o f a tr a d e that a re a ls o p e r fo r m e d by w o r k e r s on a
f u ll- t im e b a s is .

C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n tr y d u ties n e c e s s a r y to co n stru ct and m aintain in g o o d r e p a ir b u ild in g
w o o d w o rk and e q u ip m en t such as b in s , c r ib s , c o u n te rs , b en ch es, p a r titio n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a ir s ,
c a s in g s , and t r im m a d e o f w o o d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o st of the fo llo w in g : P la n n in g
and la y in g out o f w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tru c tio n s ; using a v a r ie t y o f
c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d to o ls, p o r ta b le p o w e r t o o ls , and stan dard m e a s u rin g in stru m en ts; m a k in g stan d ard
shop c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e le c tin g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y fo r the w o rk . In
g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n te r re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly
a c q u ire d th ro u g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r eq u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .
E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l tr a d e fu nctions such as the in s ta lla tio n , m a in te n a n c e , o r
r e p a ir o f eq u ip m en t f o r th e g e n e r a tio n , d is tr ib u tio n , o r u tiliz a tio n o f e le c t r ic e n e r g y in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In s ta llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie t y o f e le c t r i c a l equ ip m en t
such as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w itc h b o a r d s , c o n t r o lle r s , c ir c u it b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h eatin g u n its,
con du it s y s te m s , o r o th e r tr a n s m is s io n e q u ip m en t; w o rk in g fr o m b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s , la y o u ts , o r
o th e r s p e c ific a t io n s ; lo c a tin g and d ia g n o s in g tro u b le in the e le c t r ic a l s y s te m o r eq u ip m en t; w o rk in g
s ta n d a rd c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n ts o f w ir in g o r e le c t r ic a l equ ip m en t; and using a
v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic ia n 's h an d to o ls and m e a s u r in g and te s tin g in s tru m e n ts . In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the
m a in te n a n c e e le c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O p e ra te s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e rv is e the o p e ra tio n of s ta tio n a r y en gin es and
eq u ip m en t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to su pply the es ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , h ea t,
r e f r ig e r a t io n , o r a ir - c o n d it io n in g .
W o r k in v o lv e s :
O p e ra tin g and m ain tain in g equ ip m en t such as
s te a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , tu rb in e s , v e n tila tin g and r e f r ig e r a t in g e q u ip m en t,
s te a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r pu m ps; m a k in g equ ipm en t r e p a ir s ; and k eep in g a r e c o r d o f o p e ra tio n
o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , and fu e l c on su m p tion .
M a y a ls o s u p e rv is e th e s e o p e ra tio n s .
H ea d o r
c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one e n g in e e r a re ex clu d ed .




M A C H IN E - T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O L R O O M
S p e c ia liz e s in o p e ra tin g one o r m o r e than one ty p e o f m a ch in e t o o l (e .g ., j i g b o r e r , grin d in g
m a c h in e , en gin e la th e , m illin g m a c h in e ) to m a ch in e m e ta l fo r use in m akin g o r m ain tain in g jig s ,
fix t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o ls , g a u g e s , o r m e ta l d ies o r m o ld s u sed in shaping o r fo r m in g m e ta l o r n o n m eta llic
m a t e r ia l (e .g ., p la s tic , p la s t e r , ru b b e r, g la s s ). W o rk ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s : Plan n in g and p e r fo r m in g
d iffic u lt m a ch in in g o p e ra tio n s w h ich r e q u ir e c o m p lic a te d setups o r a high d e g r e e o f a cc u ra c y ; settin g
up m a ch in e to o l o r t o o ls (e .g ., in s ta ll cu ttin g t o o ls and adjust g u id e s , s to p s, w o rk in g ta b le s , and oth er
c o n tr o ls to handle the s iz e of sto ck to be m a c h in e d ; d e te r m in e p r o p e r fe e d s , sp e e d s , to o lin g , and
o p e ra tio n sequ en ce o r s e le c t th ose p r e s c r ib e d in d ra w in g s , b lu e p rin ts , o r la y o u ts ); using a v a r ie t y of
p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; m ak in g n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm en ts d u rin g m ach in in g o p era tio n to a ch ieve
r e q u is ite d im e n s io n s to v e r y c lo s e t o le r a n c e s . M a y be r e q u ir e d to s e le c t p r o p e r coola n ts and cutting
and lu b r ic a tin g o ils , to r e c o g n iz e when t o o ls n e e d d r e s s in g , and to d r e s s to o ls . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk
o f a m a c h in e - to o l o p e r a to r , to o lr o o m , at the s k ill l e v e l c a lle d f o r in th is c la s s ific a tio n re q u ir e s
e x te n s iv e k n o w led g e o f m a c h in e -s h o p and to o lr o o m p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ire d throu gh c o n s id e ra b le
o n -th e -jo b tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a ge study p u rp o s e s , th is c la s s ific a t io n d o e s not
o p e r a t o r s , t o o lr o o m , e m p lo y e d in t o o l- a n d - d ie jo b b in g shops.

in clu d e m a c h in e -to o l

M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E
P r o d u c e s re p la c e m e n t p a rts and n ew p a rts in m ak in g r e p a ir s o f m e ta l p a rts o f m e c h a n ic a l
equ ip m en t o p e ra te d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : in te r p r e tin g w ritten ,
in s tru c tio n s and s p e c ific a tio n s ; planning and la y in g out o f w o r k ; using a v a r ie t y of m a c h in is t's handtools
and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; settin g up and o p e ra tin g stan d ard m a ch in e to o ls ; shaping o f m e ta l

p a rts to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; m a k in g sta n d a rd shop com p u tation s re la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o lin g ,
fe e d s , and sp eed s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f the w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s o f the co m m o n m e ta ls ; s e le c tin g
stan d ard m a t e r ia ls , p a r ts , and eq u ip m en t r e q u ir e d fo r th is w o r k ; and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a rts in to
m e c h a n ic a l equ ip m en t.
In g e n e r a l, the m a c h in is t's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rounded tra in in g in
m a c h in e -s h o p p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .

P a in ts and r e d e c o r a te s w a lls , w o o d w o rk , and fix t u r e s o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k in v o lv e s the
fo llo w in g : K n o w led ge o f su rfa c e p e c u lia r it ie s and ty p e s o f pain t r e q u ir e d fo r d iffe r e n t a p p lic a tio n s ;
p re p a r in g su rfa c e fo r pain tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p la c in g putty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o le s and
in t e r s t ic e s ; and a p p lyin g paint w ith s p ra y gun o r b ru sh . M a y m ix c o lo r s , o ils , w h ite le a d , and o th er
paint in g re d ie n ts to obtain p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is te n c y .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f th e m a in ten a n ce
p a in te r re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M a in te n a n c e )
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o to r tr u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s
m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u to m o tiv e eq u ip m en t to d ia g n o se s o u rc e o f tr o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g
equ ipm en t and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that in v o lv e the use o f such h an dtools as w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r ills ,
o r s p e c ia liz e d eq u ip m en t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a rts ; r e p la c in g b ro k en o r d e fe c t iv e p a rts fr o m
stock ; g rin d in g and a d ju stin g v a lv e s ; re a s s e m b lin g and in s ta llin g the v a r io u s a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le
and m akin g n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm en ts; and a lig n in g w h e e ls , a d ju stin g b r a k e s and lig h ts , o r tig h te n in g bod y
b o lts . In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the a u to m o tiv e m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s rou n ded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly
a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

T h is c la s s ific a t io n
r e p a ir shops.

d oes not in clu d e m e c h a n ic s w ho r e p a ir c u s to m e r s ' v e h ic le s in au to m o b ile

In s ta lls o r r e p a ir s w a te r , s te a m , g a s , o r o th e r ty p e s o f p ip e and p ip e fittin g s in an e s t a b lis h ­
m en t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : L a y in g out o f w o r k and m e a s u rin g to lo c a t e p o s itio n o f
p ip e f r o m d ra w in gs o r o th e r w r itte n s p e c ific a t io n s ; cu ttin g v a r io u s s iz e s o f p ip e to c o r r e c t len gth s
w ith c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e t o r c h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a c h in e s ; th re a d in g p ip e w ith stock s and
d ie s ; ben d in g p ip e b y h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g p ip e w ith co u p lin g s and
fa s te n in g p ip e to h a n g e rs ; m akin g stan d ard shop co m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f
p ip e r e q u ir e d ; and m aking stan d ard t e s ts to d e te r m in e w h e th e r fin is h e d p ip es m e e t s p e c ific a tio n s . In
g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m ain ten an ce p ip e fit t e r r e q u ir e s rou n ded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly
a c q u ire d throu gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
W o r k e r s p r im a r ily
e n g a g e d in in s ta llin g and re p a ir in g b u ild in g sa n ita tio n o r h ea tin g s y s te m s a r e e x c lu d e d .
S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a irs m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m en t o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the
fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l equ ip m en t to d ia g n o se s o u rc e o f tro u b le ; d is m a n tlin g
o r p a r tly d ism a n tlin g m a c h in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly in v o lv e the use o f h an d tools in
sc ra p in g and fittin g p a rts ; r e p la c in g b ro k en o r d e fe c t iv e p a rts w ith ite m s ob tain ed fr o m stock ; o r d e r in g
the p rod u ction o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a rt b y a m a c h in e shop o r sen din g o f th e m a ch in e to a m a ch in e shop
f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s ; p r e p a r in g w r itte n s p e c ific a tio n s f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r f o r th e p ro d u ctio n o f p a rts
o r d e r e d fr o m m a ch in e shops; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m a k in g a ll n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm en ts f o r
o p era tio n . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk of a m a in ten a n ce m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e
usu ally a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . E x c lu d e d fr o m
th is c la s s ific a tio n a re w o r k e r s w h o se p r im a r y d u ties in v o lv e settin g up o r ad ju stin g m a c h in e s .

M IL L W R IG H T
In s ta lls n ew m a c h in e s o r h ea vy e q u ip m en t, and d is m a n tle s and in s ta lls m a c h in e s o r h ea vy
equ ipm en t when ch an ges in the plant la you t a re r e q u ir e d .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
Plan n in g and la y in g out o f the w o r k ; in te r p r e tin g b lu e p rin ts o r o th e r s p e c ific a tio n s ; using a v a r ie t y of
handtools and r ig g in g ; m ak in g sta n d a rd shop com p u tation s re la tin g to s t r e s s e s , s tre n g th o f m a t e r ia ls ,
and c e n te rs o f g r a v it y ; a lig n in g and b a la n cin g o f equ ip m en t; s e le c tin g sta n d a rd t o o ls , equ ip m en t, and
p a rts to be used; and in s ta llin g and m a in ta in in g in g ood o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m is s io n equ ip m en t such as
d r iv e s and speed r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t 's w o rk n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rou n ded tr a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e in the tr a d e a c q u ire d th ro u gh a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

F a b r ic a te s , in s ta lls , and m a in ta in s in g o o d r e p a ir the s h e e t - m e t a l eq u ip m en t and fix t u r e s (su ch
as m a ch in e gu ard s, g r e a s e pans, s h e lv e s , l o c k e r s , ta n k s, v e n t ila t o r s , c h u tes, du cts, m e t a l r o o fin g )
o f an e s ta b lish m en t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o st o f th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g and la y in g out a ll ty p e s o f s h e e tm e ta l m a in ten an ce w o rk fr o m b lu e p rin ts , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c ific a t io n s ; s e ttin g up and o p e ra tin g a ll
a v a ila b le typ es o f s h e e t-m e ta l w o rk in g m a c h in e s ; using a v a r ie t y o f h an dtools in c u ttin g , b en d in g,
fo r m in g , shaping, fittin g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s ta llin g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t ic le s as r e q u ir e d . In g e n e r a l,
the w o r k o f the m ain ten an ce s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly
a c q u ire d throu gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
T O O L A N D DIE M A K E R
C on stru cts and r e p a ir s ji g s , fix t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o ls , g a u g e s , o r m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s u sed in
shaping o r fo rm in g m e ta l o r n o n - m e ta llic m a t e r ia l (e . g . , p la s t ic , p la s t e r , ru b b e r, g la s s ).
W o rk
ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s : P la n n in g and la y in g out w o r k a c c o r d in g to m o d e ls , b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , o r o th e r
w r itte n o r o r a l s p e c ific a tio n s ; u n derstan din g th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t ie s o f co m m o n m e ta ls and a llo y s ;
s e le c tin g a p p ro p ria te m a te r ia ls , to o ls , and p r o c e s s e s r e q u ir e d to c o m p le te ta sk ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
shop com pu tation ; settin g up and o p e ra tin g v a r io u s m a c h in e to o ls and r e la t e d e q u ip m en t; usin g v a r io u s
t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's handtools and p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in s tru m e n ts ; w o r k in g to v e r y c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ;
h e a t-tr e a tin g m e ta l p a rts and fin is h e d t o o ls and d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a litie s ; fittin g and
a s s e m b lin g p a rts to p r e s c r ib e d to le r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l, t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's w o rk
r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ire d th ro u gh fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r eq u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s tr y w age study p u rp o s e s , th is c la s s ific a t io n d o es not in clu d e t o o l and d ie
m a k e rs who (1 ) a re e m p lo y e d in to o l and d ie jo b b in g shops o r (2 ) p ro d u c e fo r g in g d ie s (d ie s in k e r s ).

C U STO DIAL AND MATERIAL M O VEM ENT
G U ARD AND W A T C H M E N

L A B O R E R , M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

G u a rd . P e r f o r m s rou tin e p o lic e d u tie s , e it h e r at fix e d p o st o r on to u r , m a in ta in in g o r d e r ,
using a rm s o r fo r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
In clu d es ga te m e n w ho a r e s ta tio n ed at g a te and ch eck on
id e n tity o f e m p lo y e e s and o th e r p e rs o n s e n te r in g .

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a re h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu rin g p la n t, s t o r e , o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t w h ose
d u ties in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : L o a d in g and un loadin g v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and m e r c h a n d is e
on o r f r o m fr e ig h t c a r s , tru c k s , o r o th e r tr a n s p o r tin g d e v ic e s ; u n packin g, s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e rc h a n d is e in p r o p e r s to r a g e lo c a tio n ; and tr a n s p o r tin g m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e by
h an dtru ck, c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d and unload ships a r e e x c lu d e d .

W atch m an .
and ille g a l e n try .

M a k es

rounds o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p r o te c tin g p r o p e r t y a ga in st f i r e , th e ft,

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R

C lea n s and k eep s in an o r d e r ly co n d itio n fa c t o r y w o rk in g a r e a s and w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m is e s
o f an o ffic e , ap a rtm en t h ou se, o r c o m m e r c ia l o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t. D u ties in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f
the fo llo w in g : S w eep in g , m op p in g o r sc ru b b in g , and p o lis h in g flo o r s ; r e m o v in g c h ip s, tr a s h , and o th e r
re fu s e ; dusting equ ip m en t, fu r n itu r e , o r fix t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e ta l fix tu r e s o r t r im m in g s ; p r o v id in g
su p p lies and m in o r m a in ten a n ce s e r v ic e s ; and c le a n in g la v a t o r ie s , s h o w e rs , and r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s
who s p e c ia liz e in w in d ow w ash in g a r e e x c lu d e d .




O RD ER F IL L E R
F i l l s shipping o r t r a n s fe r o r d e r s f o r fin is h e d go o d s f r o m s to r e d m e rc h a n d is e in a c c o rd a n c e
w ith s p e c ific a tio n s on s a le s s lip s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s tr u c tio n s .
M a y , in a d d ition to
fillin g o r d e r s and in d ic a tin g ite m s f ille d o r o m itte d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f ou tgoin g o r d e r s , re q u is itio n
ad d itio n a l stock o r r e p o r t sh ort su p p lies to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r f o r m o th e r r e la t e d d u ties.
P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p rod u cts fo r sh ip m en t o r s to r a g e by p la c in g th e m in sh ippin g c o n ta in e r s ,
the s p e c ific o p era tio n s p e r fo r m e d b ein g depen den t upon the ty p e , s iz e , and n u m b er o f units to be*
p a ck ed , the type o f co n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , and m e th o d o f sh ip m en t. W o r k r e q u ir e s the p la c in g o f ite m s
in sh ippin g co n ta in ers and m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f v a r io u s ite m s of

sto ck in o r d e r to v e r i f y
co n ten t; s e le c t io n o f a p p ro p ria te ty p e and s iz e o f c o n ta in e r; in s e r tin g
e n c lo s u r e s in c o n ta in e r; u sin g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r ia l to p re v e n t b re a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c lo s in g and
s e a lin g c o n ta in e r; and a p p lyin g la b e ls o r e n te r in g id e n tify in g data on c o n ta in e r. P a c k e r s w ho a ls o m ak e
w ood en b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .

fo llo w s :

F o r w age

study p u r p o s e s ,

w o rk ers

a r e c la s s ifie d

as fo llo w s :

R e c e iv in g c le r k
S h ippin g c le r k
Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k

T R U C K D R IV E R
D r iv e s a tr u c k w ith in a c it y o r in d u s tr ia l a r e a to tr a n s p o r t m a t e r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e , equ ip m en t,
o r m en b e tw e e n v a r io u s ty p e s o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts such as: M an u factu rin g p la n ts , fr e ig h t d ep o ts,
w a r e h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r b etw een r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n ts and c u s to m e r s '
hou ses o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M a y a ls o lo a d o r unload tru ck w ith or w ithout h e lp e r s , m ak e m in o r
m e c h a n ic a l r e p a ir s , and k e e p tru c k in g o o d w o rk in g o r d e r .
D r iv e r - s a le s m e n and o v e r - t h e - r o a d
d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .




as

T r u c k d r iv e r (c o m b in a tio n o f s iz e s lis t e d s e p a r a t e ly )
T r u c k d r iv e r , lig h t (u n d er IV 2 to n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , m e d iu m ( l 1 to and in clu d in g 4 to n s )
/*
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s , t r a i l e r ty p e )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h ea vy (o v e r 4 to n s , o th e r than t r a i l e r ty p e )

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e fo r sh ip m e n t, o r r e c e iv e s and is re s p o n s ib le fo r in c o m in g sh ipm en ts
o f m e rc h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r ia ls .
Shipping w o r k in v o lv e s : A k n ow led ge o f sh ippin g p r o c e d u r e s ,
p r a c t ic e s , ro u te s , a v a ila b le m e a n s o f tr a n s p o r ta tio n , and ra te s ; and p re p a rin g r e c o r d s o f the good s
sh ip p ed , m a k in g up b ills o f la d in g , p o s tin g w e ig h t and shipping c h a r g e s , and k e e p in g a f ile o f shipping
r e c o r d s . M a y d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p r e p a r in g the m e rc h a n d is e fo r shipm ent. R e c e iv in g w o rk in v o lv e s :
V e r if y in g o r d ir e c tin g o th e rs in v e r if y in g the c o r r e c t n e s s of sh ipm en ts again st b ills o f la d in g , in v o ic e s ,
o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; ch e c k in g f o r s h o r ta g e s and r e je c tin g d am aged go o d s; rou tin g m e rc h a n d is e o r
m a t e r ia ls to p r o p e r d e p a rtm e n ts ; and m a in ta in in g n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and file s .

F o r w a g e study p u rp o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c la s s ifie d b y s iz e and typ e o f equ ip m en t,
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r should be r a te d on the b a s is o f t r a i l e r c a p a c ity .)

TR U C K E R , POW ER

good s

O p e ra te s a m a n u a lly c o n tr o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e l e c t r ic - p o w e r e d tru c k or t r a c t o r to tra n s p o rt
and m a t e r ia ls o f a ll kinds about a w a re h o u s e , m a n u fa ctu rin g p lan t, o r o th e r esta b lis h m e n t.
F o r w age

study p u rp o s e s ,

w o rk ers

a re c la s s ifie d b y ty p e o f tru c k ,

as fo llo w s :

T r u c k e r , p o w e r ( f o r k lif t )
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (o th e r than fo r k l i f t )
W AREHOUSEM AN
A s d ir e c te d , p e r fo r m s a v a r ie t y o f w a re h o u s in g du ties w h ich r e q u ir e an u nderstanding of
the e s t a b lis h m e n t s s to r a g e p la n . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : V e r ify in g m a t e r ia ls (o r
m e r c h a n d is e ) a ga in st r e c e iv in g d o cu m en ts, notin g and r e p o r tin g d is c r e p a n c ie s and obviou s da m a ges;
ro u tin g m a t e r ia ls to p r e s c r ib e d s to r a g e lo c a tio n s ; s to r in g , sta c k in g , o r p a lle tiz in g m a t e r ia ls in
a c c o rd a n c e w ith p r e s c r ib e d s to r a g e m e th o d s ; r e a r r a n g in g and ta k in g in v e n to r y o f s to r e d m a t e r ia ls ;
e x a m in in g s to r e d m a t e r ia ls and re p o r tin g d e te r io r a tio n and d a m a g e; r e m o v in g m a te r ia l fr o m s to r a g e
and p re p a r in g it f o r sh ip m en t. M a y o p e ra te hand o r p o w e r tru c k s in p e r fo r m in g w a reh o u sin g du ties.
E x c lu d e w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y d u ties in v o lv e shipping and r e c e iv in g w o rk (s e e shipping and
r e c e iv in g c le r k and p a c k e r , sh ip p in g ), o r d e r f illin g (s e e o r d e r f i l l e r ) , o r o p e ra tin g p o w e r tru ck s (s e e
tr u c k e r , p o w e r ).

Available On Request—
T h e fo llo w in g a r e a s a r e s u r v e y e d p e r io d ic a lly fo r use in a d m in is te r in g the S e r v ic e C o n tra c t A c t o f 1965.
the B L S r e g io n a l o ffic e s shown on the back c o v e r .
A la m o g o r d o —L a s C r u c e s , N. M e x .
A la s k a
A lb a n y , Ga.
A lb u q u e rq u e , N. M e x .
A le x a n d r ia , L a .
A lp e n a , S tan dish and T a w a s C ity , M ic h .
Ann A r b o r , M ic h .
A tla n tic C ity , N .J.
A u gu sta, G a.— .C .
S
B a k e r s fie ld , C a lif.
B aton R o u g e, L a .
B a ttle C r e e k , M ic h .
B eau m on t—P o r t A rth u r—O r a n g e , T e x .
B ilo x i—G u lfp o rt and
P a s c a g o u la , M is s .
B o is e C ity , Idaho
B r e m e r t o n , W ash .
B r id g e p o r t , N o r w a lk and S ta m fo rd , Conn.
B ru n s w ic k , Ga.
B u rlin g to n , V t.—N .Y .
C a p e C od , M a s s .
C e d a r R a p id s , Io w a
C h am paign —U rb an a, 111.
C h a r le s to n , S.C .
C h a rlo tte — a s to n ia , N .C .
G
C h eyen n e, W y o .
C la r k s v ille —H o p k in s v ille , T e n n - K y .
C o lo r a d o S p rin g s , C o lo .
C o lu m b ia , S .C .
C o lu m b u s, G a.—A la .
C o lu m b u s, M is s .
C r a n e , Ind.
D e c a tu r, 111.
D es M o in e s , Io w a
Dothan, A la .
Duluth— u p e r io r , M in n .—W is .
S
E l Paso, Tex.
E u gen e— p r in g fie ld , O re g .
S
F a y e t t e v i l l e , N .C .
F itc h b u rg —L e o m in s t e r , M a s s .
F o r t S m ith , A r k .—O kla.
F r e d e r ic k —H a g e rs to w n , M d .—C h a m b e r s b u r g ,
P a .— a r tin s b u r g , W . V a .
M
G adsden —A n n isto n , A la .
G o ld s b o r o , N .C .
G ra n d Is la n d — a s tin g s , N e b r.
H
G r e a t F a l l s , M ont.
G uam
H a r r is b u r g —L eb a n on , P a .
H untington—A sh la n d , W . V a .—K y .—Ohio
Kn o x v i l l e , T enn.
La red o, Tex.
L a s V e g a s , N ev.
L im a , Ohio
R e p o rts fo r the fo llo w in g

s u r v e y s con du cted in the p r io r y e a r but s in c e d isco n tin u ed a re

L it t le Rock—N o rth L it t le R o c k , A r k .
L o g a n s p o rt—P e r u , Ind.
L o r a in — ly r ia , Ohio
E
L o w e r E a s te rn S h o re, M d.—V a .—D el.
L y n ch b u rg , V a .
M a con , Ga.
M a d is o n , W is .
M a n s fie ld , Ohio
M a rq u e tte , E scan ab a, Sault Ste. M a r ie , M ic h .
M e A lle n —P h a r r —E din bu rg and B r o w n s v ille —
H a rlin g e n —
San B e n ito , T e x .
M e d fo rd — la m a th F a lls —G ra n ts P a s s , O r e g .
K
M e r id ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , M onm outh, and O cean C o s ., N .J.
M o b ile , A la . and P e n s a c o la , F la .
M o n tg o m e ry , A la .
N a s h v ille —D a vid son , T en n .
N ew B e rn — a c k s o n v ille , N .C .
J
N o rth Dakota
N o rw ic h — roton —N ew L on d on , Conn.
G
O rla n d o , F la .
O xnard— im i V a lle y — e n tu ra , C a lif.
S
V
P a n a m a C ity , F la .
P e o r ia , 111.
P h o e n ix , A r iz .
P in e B lu ff, A rk .
P o rts m o u th , N .H .—M a in e—M a s s.
P u e b lo , C olo.
P u e r to R ic o
R en o, N ev.
R ich lan d — en n ew ick — a lia W a lia —
K
W
P e n d leto n , W ash .—O re g .
R iv e r s id e —
San B e rn a rd in o —O n ta rio , C a lif.
S a lin a , K ans.
Sandusky, Ohio
Santa B a rb a ra —Santa M a r ia —L o m p o c , C a lif.
Savannah, Ga.
S elm a , A la .
Sherm an—D en ison , T e x .
S h re v e p o rt, L a.
Sioux F a lls , S. Dak.
Spokane, W ash.
S p rin g fie ld , 111.
S p r in g fie ld —C h icop ee—H o ly o k e , M a s s .—Conn.
S ta m fo rd , Conn.
S tockton, C a lif.
T a c o m a , W ash.
Tam pa—
St. P e te r s b u r g , F la .
T o p e k a , K ans.
T u c s o n , A r iz .
V a lle jo — a ir fie ld —N apa, C a lif.
F
W a co and K ille e n —T e m p le , T e x .
W a te r lo o — e d a r F a l l s , Io w a
C
W e s t T e x a s P la in s
a ls o a v a ila b le :
G ran d F o r k s , N. Dak.
S a c ra m e n to , C a l i f *
San A n g e lo , T e x * *
W ilm in g to n , D el.—N .J .—M d .*

A b ile n e , T e x . * *
B illin g s , M o n t.*
C o rp u s C h r is t i, T e x *
F r e s n o , C a lif . *
*
**

E xpan ded to an a r e a w a g e s u r v e y in f is c a l y e a r
In clu d ed in W e s t T e x a s P la in s .

C o p ies o f pu b lic r e le a s e s a re o r w i l l be a v a ila b le at no c o s t w h ile s u p p lie s la s t f r o m any o f

1975.

See in s id e back c o v e r .

T h e fou rteen th annual r e p o r t on s a la r ie s fo r accou n tan ts, a u d ito rs , c h ie f accou n tan ts, a tto r n e y s , jo b a n a ly s ts , d ir e c to r s o f p e rs o n n e l, b u y e rs , c h e m is ts , e n g in e e r s , e n g in e e r in g te c h n ic ia n s , d r a ft e r s , and
c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s is a v a ila b le . O r d e r as B L S B u lle tin 1837, N a tio n a l S u rv e y o f P r o fe s s io n a l, A d m in is t r a t iv e , T e c h n ic a l, and C le r ic a l P a y , M a r c h 1974, $1.40 a c o p y , f r o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l s a le s
o ffic e s shown on the b a ck c o v e r , o r fr o m the S u p erin ten d en t o f D ocu m en ts, U .S. G o v e rn m e n t P r in tin g O ffic e , W ash in gton , D .C. 20402.




Area Wage Surveys
A lis t of the latest available bulletins o r bulletin supplements is presented below . A d irecto ry of area wage studies including m ore lim ited studies conducted at the request of the Employment
Standards Adm inistration of the Departm ent of Labor is available on request. Bulletins may be purchased fro m any of the BLS regional o ffices shown on the back co ver. Bulletin supplements may be
obtained without cost, w here indicated, fro m BLS regional offices.
A re a

Bulletin number
and p rice *

A k ro n , O h io , D ec. 1974_________________________________________ —--------------------------- ----- -- Suppl.
F ree
A lb a n y^ S ch en e ctady—T r o y , N . Y ., S e p t. 1974__________________
Suppl.
F ree
A lb u q u e rq u e , N . M e x . , M a r . 1974 2______________________________________________________ _ Suppl.
_
F ree
Suppl.
F ree
A lle n to w n - B e th le h e m —E a s to n , P a .—N .J ., M a y 1974 2 ----------------------------------------A n a h eim — anta Ana—G a rd en G r o v e , C a l i f . , O ct. 1974 1
S
___________________________ ______ _ 1850-9, 85 cents
A tla n ta , G a ., M a y 1975 1______________________________________________________________________ 1850-25, $1.00
A u stin , T e x . , D ec. 1974____________________________________ -______________________________ ___ Suppl.
F ree
F ree
B a lt im o r e , M d ., A u g. 1974-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Suppl.
B e a u m o n t- P o r t A rth u r—O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1974 2 _____________
Suppl.
F ree
B illin g s , M o n t., Ju ly 1974 1____________________________ ______________________________________ 1850-6, 75 cen ts
B in gh a m to n , N . Y . - P a . , J u ly 1974---------------------- ----------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
B ir m in g h a m , A la ., M a r . 1975-------------------------------------Suppl.
F ree
B o is e C it y , Id a h o, N o v . 1973 2 ___________
Suppl.
F ree
B o s to n , M a s s ., A u g. 1974------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Suppl.
F ree
B u ffa lo , N . Y . , O ct. 1974________________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
B u rlin g to n , V t . , D ec. 1973 2 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Suppl.
F ree
F ree
C an ton , O h io , M a y 1975-------------- ------------------------------------------------------------------- --------Suppl.
C h a r le s to n , W . V a . , M a r . 1974 2 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
C h a r lo tte , N .C ., Jan. 1974 2 --------------------- --------- ------------------------------------------------------Suppl.
F ree
F ree
C h a tta n o o ga , T e n n .- G a ., S ept. 1974----- ------------------------------------------------------------------ Suppl.
C h ic a g o , 111., M a y 1975_______________________________________________________________________ 1850-33, 85 cents
C in c in n a ti, O h io— y .— d ., F e b . 1975----------------------------------------------------------------------Suppl.
K
In
F ree
C le v e la n d , O h io , S e p t. 1974 1_________________________________________________________________ 1850-17, $ 1.00
C o lu m b u s, O h io, O ct. 1974-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
C o rp u s C h r is t i, T e x . , J u ly 1974 1___________________________________________________________ 1850-3, 75 cents
D a lla s , T e x . , O ct. 1973 2 _____________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
.S u p p l.
F ree
D a lla s —F o r t W o r th , T e x . , O ct. 1974-----D a ven p o rt—R o ck Is la n d — o lin e , Io w a —111., F e b . 1975-------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
M
F ree
D ayton , O h io , D ec. 1974 1 .............................................................. ................................................ 1850-14, 80 cen ts
D ayton a B e a c h , F la . , A u g. 1974* ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1850-1, 75 cen ts
D e n v e r , C o lo ., D ec. 1973 2---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Suppl.
F ree
D e n v e r—B o u ld e r , C o lo ., D ec. 1974 1----------------------------------------- ------------------------------- 1850-15, 85 cen ts
D es M o in e s , Io w a , M a y 1974 2 ----------- -------------------------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
D e tr o it, M ic h ., M a r . 1975---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1850-22, 85 cents
D u rh am , N .C ., D ec. 1973 2____________________________________________________________________ 1795-9, 65 cen ts
F o r t L au dc rd a le —H o lly w o o d and W e s t P a lm B e a c h —B oca R a ton , F la . , A p r . 1975 1 1850-26, 80 cen ts
—
F o r t W o rth , T e x . , O ct. 1973 2 ________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
F r e s n o , C a l i f . 1 3-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------G a in e s v ille , F la . , Sept. 1974 1 _______________________________________________________________ 1850-11, 75 cents
G re e n B a y , W is ., J u ly 1974--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Suppl.
F ree
G r c e n s b o r o —W in s to n -S a le m — ig h P o in t , N . C ., A u g . 1974 1
H
------------------------------------- 1850-2, 80 cents
G r e e n v ille , S .C ., M a y 1974___________________________________________________________________Suppl.
F ree
H a r tfo r d , C o n n ., M a r . 1975 1
_______________________________________________________ _________ 1850-28, 80 cents
H ou ston , T e x . , A p r. 1975-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Suppl.
F ree
H u n ts v ille , A la ., F e b . 1975----------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
In d ia n a p o lis , In d ., O ct. 1974----------- — --------------------------------------------------------------------- Suppl. • F r e e
J a ck so n , M is s . , F e b . 1975_______________________________________________________________ — — Suppl.
F ree
J a c k s o n v ille , F la . , D ec. 1974____________________________________________________________ ___ Suppl.
F ree
K a n sa s C it y , M o .—K a n s ., S ept. 1974--------------------------------------------------------------------- — Suppl.
F ree
L a w r e n c e —H a v e r h ill, M a s s .—N .H ., June 1974 2--------------------------------------------------------Suppl.
F ree
L e x in g to n —F a y e t t e , K y . , N o v . 1974----------------------------------------------------------------- --------Suppl.
F ree
L it t le R ock—N o rth L i t t l e R o c k , A r k ., Ju ly 1973 2 ----------- ---------------------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
L o s A n g e le s —L o n g B e a c h , C a lif . , O ct. 1974___________________________________________ -— Suppl.
F ree
L o s A n g e le s —L o n g B e a c h and A n a h e im —Santa Ana— a rd en
G
G r o v e , C a l i f . , O ct. 1973 2 --------------------------__ Suppl.
F ree
L o u is v ille , K y .—In d ., N o v. 1974 1________________________ ——--------- --------------------- -— -— 1850-12, 80 cents
L u b b o ck , T e x . , M a r . 1974 2 ---- --------------- --- ---- ---------------- ---------------------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
M a n c h e s te r , N .H ., J u ly 1973 2 ---- ---------- ------------------------------- ----- --------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
M e lb o u rn e —T it u s v ille —C o c o a , F l a . , A u g. 1974 1 ------------------ ------------------------------------ 1850-5, 75 cen ts
*
1
2
3

Prices are determined by the Government Printing O ffic e and are subject to change.
Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
No longer surveyed.
T o be surveyed.




A re a

Bulletin number
and price *

M e m p h is , T en n .—A r k .— is s . , N o v . 1974----------------—------------------ ----------------------------Suppl.
M
F ree
M ia m i, F la . , O ct. 1974——------------------ -— —
—-------— -------------------------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
M id la n d and O d e s s a , T e x ., Jan. 1974 2 -------------------------- —----- — -----------------------------Suppl.
F ree
M ilw a u k e e , W is ., A p r . 1975 1
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1850-21, 85 cents
M in n e a p o lis —St. P a u l, M in n .— is ., Jan. 1975 1-------------------------------------------------------- 1850-20, $ 1.05
W
M u skegon —M u sk egon H e ig h ts , M ic h ., June 19742 ----- --------—
„-----------------------------Suppl.
F ree
N a ssa u — u ffo lk , N .Y . 1 3--------------------—---- ---------------------------------------------------------------S
N e w a r k , N .J ., Jan. 1975 1 ----------------------------—--------------------------------------------------------- 1850-18, $ 1.00
N ew a rk and J e r s e y C it y , N . J . . Jan. 19742 -----------------------------------------------—------------ Suppl.
F ree
F ree
N ew H aven , C on n ., Jan. 1974 -------------------------------------------—----- —-------- —----------------Suppl.
N ew O r le a n s , L a ., Jan. 1975_________________________ _____________ ___ _____________________ Suppl.
F ree
N ew Y o r k , N . Y - N . J . 1 3_______________________________________________________________________
N ew Y o r k and N assau — u ffo lk , N . Y . , A p r . 1974 2----------------------- — ------------------------- Suppl.
S
F ree
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B ea ch — o r ts m o u th , V a . - N . C . , M a y 1975------------------------------------- 1850-29, 65 cents
P
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B e a c h — o rts m o u th and N e w p o rt N e w s —
P
H am pton , V a . , M a y 1975 _________________________________________________ —-------------------- 1850-30, 65 cents
N o rth e a s t P e n n s y lv a n ia , Aug. 1974 1 -------- —------------------------------------------------------------- 1850-8,
80 cents
O k la h om a C it y , O k la ., Aug. 1974 1 —
— ------------------------- -------------------------------- 1850-7,
80 cents
O m ah a, N e b r .—Io w a , O ct. 1974 1_______ ___ ___________________________________—----------------- 1850-10, 80 cents
P a te r s o n —C lifto n —P a s s a ic , N .J ., June 1974------------------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
F ree
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .—N .J ., N o v . 1974__________________________________________________________ Suppl.
P h o e n ix , A r i z . , June 1974 2_____________________________________________ —------------------------ Suppl.
F ree
P itts b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1975___________ —----------------------- ----------- —---- -------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
P o r tla n d , M a in e , N o v . 1974__________________________________________ ________ ________________ Suppl.
F ree
P o r tla n d , O r e g .—W a sh ., M a y 1974 1 ---- --------------------------------------- --------------------------- 1795-26, 85 cents
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N . Y . 1 3--------------------------------------------- —------ —----- —--------------------------P o u g h k e e p s ie — in g s to n —N ew b u rg h , N . Y . , June 1974------------------------------------------------Suppl.
K
F ree
P r o v id e n c e — a r w ic k —P a w tu c k e t, R .I.—M a s s ., June 1975_______________________________ 1850-27, 75 cents
W
R a le ig h , N .C ., D ec. 1973 1 2 __________________________________________________________________ 1795-7, 65 cents
R a le ig h —D u rh am , N .C ., F e b . 1975---------- ------------------------------- —— —------------------------Suppl.
F ree
R ich m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1974 1 ----------------- —-------—--------------------— --------------- ----- ---------- 1795-25, 80 cents
R iv e r s id e —
San B e r n a r d in o — n ta rio , C a lif., D e c . 1973 2 ----------------------------------------- Suppl.
O
F ree
------------ --- ------------------------ --------- --------- ----- — «...---------- Suppl.
F ree
R o c k fo r d , 111., June 19742
St. L o u is , M o .—111., M a r . 1975------------- — -------------------------- ------------ ---- ---- ---------------Suppl.
F ree
S a c ra m e n to , C a lif., D e c . 1974 1 --------------------------------------------------------- —------------------ 1850-19, 80 cents
S agin aw , M ic h ., N o v . 1974 1 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1850-16, 75 cents
S a lt L a k e C ity — gd en , U tah, N o v . 1974____________________________________________________ Suppl.
O
F ree
San A n to n io , T e x . , M a y 1975----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1850-23, 65 cents
San D ie g o , C a lif., N o v . 1974 1______ ________________________________ _____ ___________________ 1850-13, 80 cents
San F r a n c is c o —O akland, C a lif., M a r . 1974___________________________ ____________________ Suppl.
F ree
F ree
San J o s e , C a lif . , M a r . 1974_________________________________________ _________________________ Suppl.
Savannah, G a ., M a y 1974 2 _____________________________________ _____________________________ Suppl.
F ree
S cra n to n , P a . , Ju ly 1973 1 2------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1795-3, 55 cents
S e a ttle —E v e r e t t , W a s h ., Jan. 1975--------—-------------------------- ---------- --------------..----------- Suppl.
F ree
S iou x F a lls , S. D ak ., D ec. 1973 2 -------- ——-— —------------------------------- ------------------------Suppl.
F ree
South B en d , In d ., M a r . 1975_______ _____________________________ -— —— ------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
S pokane, W a s h ., June 19 74 2 ------------------------------ ------------ ----- ------------- -----------------.S u p p l.
F ree
S y ra c u s e , N . Y . , Ju ly 1974 1__________ —______________________________________________________ 1850-4, 80 cents
T a m p a —St. P e t e r s b u r g , F la ., Aug. 1973 2---------------------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
T o le d o , O hio— ic h ., M a y 1975 1
M
---------------------------------------------------------- ------- ----------- 1850-34, 80 cents
T r e n to n , N .J ., Sept. 1974_____________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
W a sh in gton , D .C .- M d .- V a ., M a r . 1975 1-------------------------------- --------------------------- ----- 1850-31, $1.00
W a te r b u r y , C on n ., M a r . 19742 _______ _________________________ ____ ______________ _________ Suppl.
F ree
W a t e r lo o , Io w a , N o v . 1973 1 2 ________________________________— _____________________________ 1795-5,
60 cents
W e s tc h e s te r C ou n ty, N .Y 3_____________ ______________________________________________________
W ic h ita , K a n s ., A p r . 1975____________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., M a y 1975 1-------------------- ----------- ------------------------------------------------ 1850-24, 80 cents
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1975 1 -----------------------------— ---------------------- ——------——------ ------------- 1850-32, 80 cents
Y ou n gstow n — a r r e n , O h io, N o v. 1973 2 ---- ---------- -------------------------- --- ---- ----------------Suppl.
W
F ree

THIRD CLASS MAIL
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S

POSTAGE A N D

W A S H IN G T O N , D C. 20212

F E E S P A ID

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

O FF IC IA L B U S IN E S S
PE N A L T Y FOR PR IV A T E U S E $300
L A B - 441

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T I S T I C S R E G I O N A L O F F IC E S
Region I
1603 J F K Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 0 2203
Phone:2 23-6 76 1 (Area Code 61 7)
Connecticut
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Region V
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Chicago, HI. 606 04
Phone:353-1 880 (Area Code 31 2 )
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DigitizedWisconsin
for FRASER



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Region V I
Second Floor
555 Griffin Square Building
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Phone: 749-351 6 (Area Code 214)
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Federal Office Building
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