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I ?fO '2 ?

AREA WAGE SURVEY
Norfolk—
Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport
News—Hampton, Virginia—North Carolina,
Metropolitan Areas, May 1975
B u lle tin 1 8 5 0 -3 0

iUV' ELECTION
NOV 181975
Dayton & Montgomery Co.
Norfolk j jy j r g inia Beach
^ J ’ OrtWTlOUtK

^ S^Suffolk •*
u ffo lk

v ^ J J ansemond

I

PRINCESS-

Public Library

ANNE

X ic T ^ a p e a k ^

I Norfolk !

N.C.




U.S. D EPA R TM EN T OF LABOR
_ _ Bureau of Labor Statistics




Preface
T h i s bulle tin p r o v i d e s r e s u lt s of a M a y 1975 s u r v e y o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s in the
N o r f o l k — i r g i n i a B each—P o r ts m o u th and N e w p o r t N e w s — a m p ton , V i r g i n i a —N o r t h C a r o l i n a ,
V
H
Standard M e t r o p o l i t a n S ta tis tic a l A r e a s ( c i t i e s o f C h e s a p e a k e , H a m p to n , N e w p o r t N e w s ,
N o r f o l k , P o r t s m o u t h , Suffo lk, V i r g i n i a B ea ch and W i l l i a m s b u r g , V a . ; and the coun ties of
G l o u c e s t e r , J am e s C i t y , and Y o r k , V a . , and C u r r i t u c k , N . C . ) .
T h e s u r v e y was m a d e
as p a r t o f the B ureau of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s ' annual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m .
The p ro g ra m
is d e s ig n e d to y i e l d data f o r individual m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s , as w e l l as nation al and r e g i o n a l
e s t i m a t e s f o r a l l Standard M e tr o p o l i ta n S t a ti s ti c a l A r e a s in the Unite d S t a te s , exc lu d in g
A l a s k a and H a w a i i .
A m a j o r c o n s id e r a tio n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m i s th e need to d e s c r i b e
the l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s , th rough the a n a l y s i s o f (1)
the l e v e l and d is trib u t io n of w a g e s by occupation, and (2) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s by o c c u ­
pational c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l .
T h e p r o g r a m d e v e l o p s i n f o r m a t i o n that m a y be u s e d f o r
m any p u r p o s e s , including wag e and s a l a r y a d m i n i s t r a t i o n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g , and a s s i s t ­
an ce in d e t e r m i n i n g plant location.
S u rv e y r e s u l t s a l s o a r e used by the U.S. D e p a r t m e n t
of L a b o r to m ak e w a g e d e te rm in a t io n s under the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t o f 1965.
C u r r e n t l y , 82 a r e a s a r e included in the p r o g r a m .
(S e e l i s t of a r e a s on in s i d e bac k
cover.)
In each a r e a , occupational e a r n in g s data a r e c o l l e c t e d annually.
I n f o r m a t i o n on
e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and su p p lem e n ta ry w a g e b e n e f i t s i s ob ta ined e v e r y t h ird y e a r .
E ach y e a r a f t e r a l l ind ivid ual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s h a ve b e en c o m p l e t e d , two s u m m a r y
b u lle tin s a r e is sued.
T h e f i r s t b rin g s to g e th e r data f o r e ach m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s u r v e y e d .
T h e second s u m m a r y bulletin p r e s e n ts nation al and r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s , p r o j e c t e d f r o m
ind ivid ual m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a data.
T h e N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a Bea ch—P o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t N e w s — a m p to n s u r v e y w a s
H
conducted by the B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . , un der the g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f
Irw in L. F eigenbaum , A sso cia te A ssistant R e g io n a l D ir e c to r fo r O perations.
T he survey
could not have b een a c c o m p lis h e d without the c o o p e r a t i o n o f the m any f i r m s w h o s e w a g e
and s a l a r y data p r o v i d e d the b as is f o r the s t a t i s t i c a l i n f o r m a t i o n in this b u lle tin .
The
B ureau w i s h e s to e x p r e s s s in c e re a p p r e c i a ti o n f o r the c o o p e r a t i o n r e c e i v e d .

Note:
C u r r e n t r e p o r t s on occup atio nal e a r n in g s in the N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B e a c h - P o r t s m o u t h
and N e w p o r t N e w s —Ham pton a r e a s a r e a v a i l a b l e f o r the r e f u s e hauling, m o v i n g and s t o r a g e ,
and laun d ry and d r y cleaning i n d u s tr ie s .
A l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r th e N o r f o l k a r e a a r e l i s t i n g s
o f union w a g e ra te s f o r building t r a d e s , p rin tin g t r a d e s , l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t i n g e m p l o y e e s ,
l o c a l t r u c k d r i v e r s and h e l p e r s , and g r o c e r y s t o r e e m p l o y e e s .
F r e e c o p i e s o f th e s e a r e
a v a i l a b l e f r o m the B u re a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s .
(S e e b ac k c o v e r f o r a d d r e s s e s . )

AREA WAGE SURVEY

Bulletin 1 8 5 0 -3 0

ngg

September 1975

U.S. D E P A R T M E N T OF LA B O R , John T . Dunlop, Secretary
B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S , Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton,
Virginia—North Carolina, Metropolitan Areas, May 1975
CONTENTS

Page

Introduction______________________________________________________________________________________________________

2

T ables:
A.

Earnings:
A - 1. W eekly earnings of office workers__________________________________________________________________________________________
A -2. W eekly earnings of professional and technical w orkers____ ___________
A -3 . A verage weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical w orkers, by sex_____________________________________
A -4 . Hourly earnings of maintenance and powerplant w o rk e rs________________________________________________________________
A - 5 . Hourly earnings of custodial and m aterial movement w o rk e rs __________________________________________________________
A -6 . A verage hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant, custodial, and m aterial movement w orkers, by s e x _______
A -7 .
Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts..

3
5
6
7
8
10
11

Appendix A . Scope and method of su rv e y ________________________________________________________________________________________________
Appendix B. Occupational descriptions__________________________________________________________________________________________________

12
14




For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. 20402, GPO Bookstores, or
ELS Regional Offices listed on back cover.

Price 65 cents.

Make checks payable to Superintendent of Documents.

Introduction
This area is 1 of 82 in which the U.S. Department of Labor*s
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings and
related benefits on an areawide basis. In this area, data were ob­
tained by a combination of personal visit, mail questionnaire, and
telephone interview. Representative establishments within six broad
industry divisions were contacted: Manufacturing; transportation, com­
munication, and other other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail
trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. M ajor industry
groups excluded from these studies are government operations and
the construction and extractive industries. Establishments having fewer
than a prescribed number of workers are omitted because of insufficient
employment in the occupations studied. Separate tabulations are provided
for each of the broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

Following the occupational wage tables is table A - 7 which
provides percent changes in average earnings of office clerical w ork­
ers, electronic data processing w ork ers, industrial nurses, skilled
maintenance workers, and unskilled plant w ork ers. This m easure of
wage trends eliminates changes in average earnings caused by employ­
ment shifts among establishments as w ell as turnover of establishments
included in survey samples. W here possible, data are presented for all
industries, manufacturing, and nonmanufacturing. Appendix A discusses
this wage trend measure.

A -se rie s tables

Appendixes

Tables A - 1 through A -6 provide estimates of straight-time
hourly or weekly earnings for workers in occupations common to a
variety of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupations
were selected from the following categories: (a) Office clerical, (b) p ro ­
fessional and technical, (c) maintenance and powerplant, and (d) custodial

This bulletin has two appendixes. Appendix A describes the
methods and concepts used in the area wage survey program and
provides information on the scope of the survey. Appendix B provides
job descriptions used by Bureau field economists to classify w orkers in
occupations for which straight-time earnings information is presented.




and m aterial movement. In the 31 largest survey areas, tables A - l a
through A - 6a provide sim ilar data for establishments employing 500
workers or more.

A. Earnings

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
Num
ber
of
w ers
ork

Occupation and industry division

Average
weekly
hours1
(stan ard)
d

s

S
M *
ean

S

1
100 n o

5
!

M
iddle ranged

80
and
under
90

90

S

:
S

!
i

:
1

S
;
;i
S
$
S
it
3
t
S
3
S
S
170 180 190 200 210 220 230 240 250 260 280 300

100

no

120

130

140

150

160

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

1A
AO

M
edian^

p
C

1
1

1A
10

49
6
43

40
5
35

20
11
9

25
17
8

18
8
10

17
12
5

59
17
A?
He
c
3

68
11
C7
3V
11
11

48
14
PA
O
H
A
O

20
15
C
3

2
1
1
1

3
p
O

6
c
r

C
3
3

P
O

p
c

p
0

3
1
p
c

9
6
p
0

9

1
1

1A
1H
C
0
a
V

p
c
p
c

1
1

1
1
1
1

83
26
57
5

95
51
44
9

190 200

2 1 1 . .220

23fl_

24Q

250

260

280

1
1

2
2
-

-

-

_

_

_

.

-

a.

300

320

ALL WORKERS
b o o k k e e p in g - m ac h in e

CLASS P - - - - - - - __

OPERATORS*

$

35

$

$

$

CLERKS* ACCOUNTING. CLASS A ------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

236
91
145

39,5 145.50 135.50 125.00*163.00
39.5 166.00 165.00 145.50-184.50
39.5 132.50 129.00 121.00-135.50

CLERKS* ACCOUNTING, CLASS 8 ----- -----MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

483
133
350
71

39.5 116.00 114.00 100.00-131.00
39.5 121.00 116.00 100.00-136.00

PUBLIC UTILITIES

—
•
28
6

4
4

9
2
7

21

79
20

102
21
01
Ol
99
CO

75
26

113.50 110.00 103*00-125.00

C
O

CO
99
CO

11
11

14

9A
CH
99
CO

e
3
p
c

19
17
11
11

4
3

1A
10

1A
10

1

13
2
11
11

10

18
4
1A
1H

on
O
A

44
39

40 >n
■ V. u
T

Q7.AA
" 1. uu
07«UU
v ( . AA

QCaAA
"3 tUV

QC A 1A 1aAO
7j|VU**lUllVV
QC , A 7A9 a^ A
\
79oOy*iU^t3w

93
76

115*50 112.00
11PaCA IlfcovQ
40*0 1i&odu l i p AA

90.00-135.00
OA .g o — j3C.AA
v g A A al1 .u u
i

vLwnrxot "Ml 'U LL

34

1 * 7 9y Ivu*uO i j 7 %
40.0 129.00 IIO * c;a 1AA AA• 1Cn ^5A

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ------------MANUFACTURING — ---------- ------------------INviNnHINUr M I Urt 1 V
L
I\ J
"

92
55
37

40.0 148.50 138*50
40.0 168.00 169*50
1 1A z> 1?? AA
110 • CA 1 C C*UU
u

116.50-194.00
146.50-203.00
1A AA• ICCovU
IvD.OU 19 9 ^AA

191
43
1AA
1“ o

11c aca 11C AA
:
1iv*UO
39^5 124.50 124*00
•»UoU 113.00 11A AA

1A1 Ca « 1pi^tiA
lUJ*DU*ic Jo9li
105.00-133.50
1A CAv19AaAA
*5
lUJo9U*lcutvU

O
c
1
1

^4
O
O
CO

A7.30 — AA & A
A
Of CA •1
1UU.UU
GO AAalA^.AA
vJ.00—lUv.UU

1Z
l
1H
p
c

19
1c

NfiNMAMIlFACTIIW X fi
INUINnM
lNUr PL 1U TM
r\

K^YPilMPM ADCD*TOP^s Cl M j H
•M rur«Ln Ur ,.iah |U" Of VL j
L!
*»
*
MA I ir mv i Un inv? • • • • • • • • •
M
nwmur ATTl irtmg
M M K IFM 1Un 1P ? •■■■■■
ftM A II
llUnW^I'lUr APTI IDIKIA
L
IV
rifcOoLINUunO
rlUlinAIMUr ALIUnliiv) ■■■■■■

—

" ■■■ —
—
™

47
JU

SECRETARIES----------------------------------------—
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------ —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------- —

740
305
435
56

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ----------------------

AA A

39.5 101.00

AA A

00
1ftO AA 1AA AA
lUOlUQ 1UU*V)U

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5

148.50
163.00
138.00
171.50

*
•

•
•
-

32

40.0 186.50 171.00 161.00-202.50

-

SECRETARIES* CLASS B ---------------------m a n u f a c t u r in g ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------- ------

164
68
96

40.0 159.50 160.00 132.50-188.50
40.0 175.00 169.50 154.00-191.00
40.0 149.00 141.00 123.00-170.50

.
-

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ---------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g -------------------------- —
PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------------------

322
116
206
42

39.5
39.5
39.0
39.5

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS D --------- ------------nAnUr MLI UnlliL
NONMANUFACTURING---------------------------

218
no
108

39.5 135.00 133.50 110.00-153.00
39.5 148.00 1AA AA 131.00-166.50
lHO*UU
40.0 122.50 118.50 99.00-138.50




147.50
166.50
137.00
168.50

142.50
165.5C
130.00
171.00

120.00-172.50
145.00-186.50
115.00-152.00
140.50-184.00

oc

2
2

O
w

121.00-170.00
142.50-186.50
114.00-156.00
143.00-185.00

145.00
162.00
132.00
170.50

•

•

1
_
1

_

_

6
6

1

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

•

17
17

-

•

-

2
2

•

_
-

-

19
9
10
5

2
2
1

7
2
5
4

3
2
1
1

3
3
-

2
1
1
1

1
1
•
-

1
1
-

1

1

2

-

1

1

-

1
1
-

_
-

•
-

1
1
-

2
2
-

•
-

-

-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

1
X

11
11
i1

„

9
9
-

_

19
18
1

0
O
p
0

A7 C8« QS*AA
PI.3I/
»3 .U v
O f*3u" 7vlwV

CLERKS* FILE* CLASS C - - - - - - - - - - - - -

11
IO

9

Q1 CA
7l| JU
QA ACA
"U 0Jv

CLERKS* FILE* CLASS B - - - - - - - - - - - NONMANUFACTURIMG — — — — — — —
———————

aq
97

30

40. C
40 - n
.V

QO. AA
VCUv
92.00

70
68

-

21

4

AA

99

Of

^6
99
Of

1c
;
13

19
ic
1A
10

37
3
34

66
9
57
-

66
13
53
-

H
H
1*
11

P
c
p
c

-

_
_
-

4

-

4

-

-

.

33

-

A9
HO
£

1

0
O
30

33

73
13
60
6

17
17
15

8
1
p
c
p
c

1

2
2

•

6
c
3
1
p
C
2

59
28
31
1

70
48
22
7

53
23
30
7

47
36
11
8

38
29
9
1

15
7
8
-

-

-

-

-

4

4

3

7

2

3

2

1

17
17

3

15

-

15

13
11
2

18
9
9

18
11
7

18
5
13

7
7

3

16
3
13

16
12
4

11
4
7

10
4
6

28
28
-

42
6
36
-

42
34
5

36
7
29
5

35
18
17
3

28
12
16
1

23
14
9
7

24
12
12

6

37
28
9
7

5
5
1

2
2
-

21
V
12

21
p
9

16
9
11

31
16
15

39

9
7
2

26
23
3

4
P
O

1
1

14
14

14

8

cc

17

1

-

-

-

-

-

8

1
1
1

3
2
1
1

1

4
4
4

_
-

•

m

3

-

-

3

1
1

-

W eekly earnings 1
(standard)
umber

Occupation and industry division
orkeis

90

100

110

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
S
$
$
S
$
S
S
S
S
S
$
%
S
S
S
$
190 200 210 220 230 240 250 260 280 300
120 130 140 150 160 170 180

100

no

120

130

140

1
1

15

21
6

24
14

15

37
5
32

22

-

15
4

10
1
25
9

22

$

S

80

weekly

houre1

Mean

(standard)

i

Median <
5

M iddle range 2

$

STENOGRAPHERS* GENERAL----- ----- ------ -MANUFACTURING — ----- ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------- ---------- — ~
PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------------------

181
47
134
39

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5

137.50
134.00
138.50
188*50

$
$
125*00 109.50-150*00
124.50-147.50
133.00
121.00 105.00-150.00
204.50 138.50-223.50
$

$

$

and
tinder
90

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED

S

2

-

*
_

5
17
3

1

9

150

160

170

8
4
4

12
1
11

1

-

12
11
1
1

“

•

18

1

5

4
4

200

180

190

1

1

-

9

7

8

3

•

-

-

•

•

1

1

-

9
9

7
7

8
8

3
3

•
-

•
-

-

-

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

?1Q

220

230

STENOGRAPHERS* SENIOR — ------- -----------NONMANUFACTURING -------------—

103
41

40.0 140*00 138.00 128.50-152.00
40.0 143*50 142.00 130*00-155.50

-

•
-

-

2

18
7

7

12

•

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A ------

29

39.5 129*00 124.50 115.00-136*00

-

2

4

4

10

4

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS* CLASS B - —
MONMANUFACTURING — — — ---------- — <

97
82

39.5 105*00 101.00
39.5 103*00 100.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURIMG---------------------------

-

1
1

-

-

.

7

•

-

-

-

-

7

-

240

250

9 5.00-108.00
9 5.00-105.00

10
10

28
25

35
29

7
7

5
4

7
4

3
3

39.5 115*00 106.00
9 5.50-123.50
39.0 123*00 120.00 110*00-155*00
95*00-120*00
40*0 112*00 104.00

7
7
“

61

31

25

19

12

11

1

1
1

59

38
4
34

19

14

18

14
14
-

TYPISTS* CLASS A ---------------------------- —

71

39.0 137*50 149.00 123.50-199.00

-

-

-

14

13

3

TYPISTS, CLASS B ------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

190
31
159

39.5 107*00 106.00
98.00-112*50
88*50-100*00
39.5
95.50
93.00
39.0 109.00 106.00 100.50-115*00

12

45
13
32

62

45
45

24
3

2

21

2

?80

300

320

-

2

204
53
151

260

See footnotes at end of tables.




9
3

2

6
56

•
35

1

•

•

_

-

-

5

-

-

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
Numb
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

S

$

S

S

S

Mean *

Median *

M iddle range*

S

$

$

S

S

S

100

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

100

Occupation and industry division

90
and
under

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

S

1

S

200

210

20jL.. 21Q

220

190

220

S
$
S
S
230 240 260 280

s

300

$
$
320 340
and

230 _.2»0

260

280

300

320

340

over

ALL WORKERS
——

32

$
$
$
$
39.5 187.00 183.00 167.50-215.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B ----- ------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------—

91
32
59

40*0 162.00 158.50 138*00-175.50
39.5 186.50 180.00 159*50-189.00
40*0 149.00 149.50 136.50-161.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS C ------------MANUFACTURING ----- — — ---------------------

59
25
34

40*0 137.00 135.00 111*50-155.00
39.5 159.50 155.00 145*00-160.00
40.0 120.50 117.00 110.00-135.00

6

.NONMANUFACTURING---------------

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS*
BUSINESS. CLASS A -------------------------- ~

33

39.5 252.50 251.00 233*50-269.00

-

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS.
BUSINESS. CLASS B ------------------------------

36

39.5 206.50 202.00 179.00-221.50

-

COMPUTER OPERATORS* CLASS

A

-

8

5

1

-

12

10

3

3
9

4

4
3

10

9
9
-

1

1
2

11
11

3

5
5

-

•

-

—

11

3
3
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

3

1

8

6

11

4

6

4

3

6

4

1

4

2

1

3

-

41

20

18

30

25

18
12

10

28
18

35
15

16

73
59
14

10

20

16

3
-

13
3

25
19

1

70
14

15
7

10
1

-

-

-

6

1

1

-

4
4

8
2
6

13

11

-

3

13
3

13

8

2

10

3

—

1
2

15
4

-

-

6

2

10
-

-

-

-

-

-

18
18

48
48

41

35

-

4
4

40*0 213.50 198.00 175.00-247.00
40.0 205.50 186.50 169.00-244.00

_

_

_

_

271
161

40.0 196.50 207.00 150.00-226.00
40.0 177.50 154.00 145.50-217.50

_

.

-

-

-

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS. CLASS C -

74

40.0 150.00 134.00 126*00-186.00

-

-

4

NURSES. INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ----MANUFACTURING ------------------------- ------

25
25

40.0 179.50 180.50 170*50-192.00
40.0 179.50 180.50 170.50-192.00

-

-

-

60
495
147
348

40.0 194.50 192.00 152.00-228.00
40.0 226.50 228.00 216*50-234.00
40.0 181.00 169.00 143.50-211*00

_

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS* CLASS A NONMANUF ACTURING----------------------------

150
124

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS* CLASS 8NONMANUFACTURING — ----------------------

-

1

See footnotes at end of tables.




-

1
1

-

-

-

-

•

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

.

1
1

•»

-

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

1

20

12

9

12

4

22
6

11
1
10

5
4

3
3
-

-

11
10

5
4

3
-

-

21

.

•

16

-

-

-

-

•

-

-

41

35

40

4
16

38
9
29

_

34
34

16
16

18
18

8
8

3
3

10

8

3

14

1

2

15
9

-

-

-

-

_

-

6

-

_

40.0 297.50 292.00 270.00-320.50

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS -------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

6

3

-

_
-

...

3

-

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS.
BUSINESS. CLASS A ------------------------------

-

38
38

35
35

7

2

-

24
24

6

-

3

2

24
9

18

24

3

-

-

2

12

7

3

1

1
1

1
1

1
1

.

3
3

6
6

5
5

4
4

2
2

2
2

-

6

-

1

_
-

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex, in Norfolk—
Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, Va.—N.C., May 1975
Sex, occupation, and industry division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

Num
ber
of
w riceis
o

Average
(m
ean2)
W
ecklv
W
eekly
h u * earnings1
o rs
(standard) (standard)

MEN
$
163.50

— —

—

—

—

25

70 C
J7«b
7Q F
j7 #b
39«5
39.5

148.00
162.50
137.50
170.50

PUBLIC UTILITIES — --------------------

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
CLASS 6 — — — — — — — — — —

a 73
H33
55

SECRETARIES* CLASS A ---------------- -----

32

SECRETARIES* CLASS B — — ----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NUNMANUr At 1
•••••••••••••••

164
68
Q
X
70

40*0
40.0
40 «0

ccrL PT A n ltb f pi acc r _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
butnt. 1A D irc. tLAbb t
M K IFAPTl IDTM _ _ • • • • • • • _ • • • _ _ _ _ _
A Ii
ft
nA^IUP ftt lUnlilv • • _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ • • • • •
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES — — ----------------

71 Q
317
l iID
1e
204
41

70 C
70 C
37#D
39*0
39*5

147.00
165.50
136.50
167.00

QFrDFTABTP?. t t ACC 1
br.vnw 1AuiCvf PI A73 n • • • • • • • • • • •
/
nwnur kv i w* xi*v • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
M
ftNMA II IFAPT! IQX ft
K
iTUlinANvr M 1Un TMU _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
U
IN

DIM
CIO
11A
11V
108

QA
oV

CTPMAPDAOUPDCa ^PKIPOAI • _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ • • •
tNUtKflrntKbf wtritKAt _ • • • • • • • • _ _ _
92.00 b 1
MANUr AC 1UK XNo
92.00
NONMANUFACTURING---------------- — -----AA A
PURI TC ui xux i ir. w _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
runuxu (ITTI TTTPC
HU #U 97.00
40.0
97.00
STENOGRAPHERS* SENIOR -----------------------NUNMANUT At I UK INo
40.0 113.50

—

35

11Q CA
39.0 1loobO

Cni/C HU.OUNI IN'Jt
ACC A
CLtKI'bt A^rAl iklTf klA CLASS A _________
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

-cl i
1
78
133

.
30 C i^JobO
37*D 1A7 Ca
39.5 166.00
39.5 130*00

13U
I CO
1AO
JHO
70

7Q C
13a ca
70 C lcOoDO
40.0 114.50
40.0 113.50

/ cove
*,
/tmillUTTMC. ri ACC ri _ _ _ _ _ _ _
CLtKnbf A^tUUiMI INhf ILAoo o • * • • • • •
MANUr AC I UK I Nu
NONMAMUF ACTUR IMG — — — — — — —
m ini !/ » IITTI TTTrr
■
PUHLIC u ii L I T l c b — — — — — —
/ rni/r r ti r
*i
ri ACC Q
CLERKS* FILE* CLASS b — ______________
— — — —
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

7a
90
DO

Ptl P Cl
P
CLERKS* FILE* CLASS C
NUNMANUr Au I UK INC)
CLERKS* OROER — — — — — — — — —

40.0
40.0

T T rlb lb t tLAbb o • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
MANUr AtI UKXNw • * • • • • • • • • ■ ■ ■ • • • •
NUNMANUr At 1UN XNt* *
***••

W
eakly
W
eekly
h rs 1 earnings1
ou
(standard) (standard)

$
<iq.c 1VU.3U
i AA.cn
39.5
95#50
39.0 108.50

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A ----- -------

28

39.5 184.50

COMPUTER OPERATORS* CLASS 8 —
M
ANUF AC 1UK 1No — — — — — — — —
—
—
—
—
n o n m a n u f ac t u r in g -------- ---------- ------

oo
26
AA
HO

40.0 166.00
39.5 192.50
AA •!! 131.90
HU A i m . cn

COMPUTER OPERATORS* CLASS C ----- ------

44

39.5 145.50

F7
O f

..

907.AA
C » 1 .00

17-s
IfJ
47
126
31

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS*
70 F 1 bo AA
JTtD U7F uu
BUSINESS* CLASS A — — — — — —
70 F 148.00
37#D
AA aA 122.50
HU U
ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS — — — —
—
MANUF ACI UKJNo — — — —
—
—
—
70 F
J7#D 134.00
NONMANUFACTURING -------------------- -----70 F ljct An
37 *3 1"kit. .00
39.5 134.00
ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS* CLASS A39.5 182.00
NUNMANUr AuTUKINU • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

ADA
HVH
14A
*HO
7AQ
3HO

40.0
40.0
40.0

1a, r «
194.50
ccr « 0u
1A l.n n
101.00

150
i *♦
X&

40*0 213.50
Ann
•tv • 205.50
V

102
A1
*»i

40.0 140.00
AA U 1A7
Hll • A 1— cn
J.SU

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS* CLASS 8N0NMANUFACTURING--------- -------------------

271
1f%\
IPX

40.0 196.50
40.0 177.50

29

39.5 129.00

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS* CLASS C -

73

40.0 149.50

CLERKS* PAYROLL ----------------------------------

34

40.0 129.00 SWITCHB0AR0 OPERATOPS, CLASS A —

92
cc
OO
77
3i

b-rv/ni IklPU Urt.KAiUKbt tLAbb n • • • • • • •
|
_________
KcT°UNCn ADCOATADC C aCC 14
111111 ipi PT I
| IMA _ _________ ___________
D
MANUr At 1UK 1
••••••••••••••••••
K iyAkil |*APTI ID K
lAK
C I T I/1 •••••• ••*•••**
NUNMANUrAt UK1NU

1QA
17U

97 39.5
40.0 148.50 SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ------70 F
NUNMANUT AC 1UK tHO
82 J7#D
168.00
11A cn
40*0 1to .s o
204 39.5
SWITCHBOARt) OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS/.A A
a aK ICAPTI IDTkifl _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
j il
53 39.0
HU #U 116.00
1Cl Hi) •V
AA A
kiAkiu A ii ir AC 1 id taip — — —
k
70 F 124.50
t5i
NUNMANUr attiUK 1NU _______ ___________
—
—
—
A0•0 ItJ .S U
TYPISTS, CLASS A - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 71 39.0
---------------

105.00
103.00

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
A^^IIBiTTAklC — WOMEN
OCCUr AT IONS _ LlAkirM
115.00
AAum irrn UrEKAIUKS* n , r r O
CLASS a
—
123.00 COMrUTEK AnrniTnnp

112.00

25

K l 1 3 I XNUUDlKlAL. ICTD T A1 F 3 T
t
( C
l %
NUKbtbf PC A T k ^ l 9 D^TT T | C •••
IWCUI5I *
wWCUl

137.50

See footnotes at end of table.




188
30
158

Average
(m
ean2)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

40*0 186.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATOPS* CLASS A ------------M inUr AL 1UK I Ho
A
K k akii ic arTi id TNU
irtiu i
K
NUNMANU* At 1UW1 iri • • • • • • • * • * • • • • *

1L.7
Hr

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED
777
f Jf

39.5 106.00

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - W
OMEN

Sex, occupation, and industry division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

o o o
in o ©
o>in ©

MESSENGERS — — —

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Average
(m
ean2)
N ber
um
of
W
eekly
W
eekly
woikea hours1 earnings1
(standard) (standard)

Earnings data in table A -3 relate only to workers whose sex
identification was provided by the establishment. Earnings data in
tables A - l and A -2 , on the other hand, relate to all workers in an
occupation. (See appendix A for publication criteria.)

MANUFACTURING

— —

—

—

—

70 F
JToD 147.50

oc
CO
25

AA . 1 17.3d
1
HU#U A 70 cn

40.0 179.50

Number of w orkers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings 3

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

I----$-- 5--- S--- S--- S--- S--- 5--- r — 5--- 3--- 3--- 5--- 5--- 3--- 3--- 3---

$

2.20 2.40
Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range

2*60

2.80

3.00

3*20

3*40

3.60

3*80

1------ 1------ 3------ I -----

s—

4*00 4*20 4.40
4*60
4*80
5.80 6*20 6*60 7,00 7.40

and
under
2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4 . 6Q 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6»20 6.60 7.00 7.40 7.8H

ALL WORKERS
BOILER TENDERS -------------------------------MANUFACTURING---------------- —
■

28
28

$
4.15
4.15

$
3.66
3.66

$
$
2 .4 6 - 4.72
2 .4 6 - 4.72

CARPEN'TEPS. MAINTENANCE--------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------------

70
49
31

5.46
5.39
5.05

5.64
5.64
4.70

4 .7 0 - 5.90
4 .7 0 - 5.90
4 .7 0 - 5.64

ELECTRICIANS. MAINTENANCE ----------MANUFACTURING----- ----------------— NGNMANUFACTURING — -----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------------

264
187
77
58

5.74
5.64
5.97

6.02

5.64
5.56
5.90
6.28

5 .2 4 5 .0 7 5 .2 4 5 .2 4 -

ENGINEERS. STATIONARY -------------------

89

5.58

HELPERS* MAINTENANCE TRADES ------MANUFACTURING----- ----- — — — —
NONMANUFACTURING ------ --------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------- -----------

74
32
42
37

MACHINISTS. MAINTENANCE ----------- ~
MANUFACTURING ----- ----------------------MECHANICS* AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) -------------------------------MANUFACTURING — ------- — — — — NONMANUFACTURING -------------------—
PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------------

-

8
8

-

3
3

-

-

“

6.28
5.64
6.69
6.69

.
-

-

5.64

5 ,0 7 - 5.90

-

-

-

-

3.75
3.28
4.11
4.25

3.64
3.36
3.92
3.92

3 .3 1 3 .0 0 3 .9 2 3 .9 2 -

1

4

92
64

5.47
5.52

5.24
5.39

5.03
4.65
5.20
5.36

5.20
4.29
5.36
5.47

4 .3 5 4 .0 2 5 .2 0 5 .2 0 -

5.47
4.86
5.47
5.47

4.92
4.67
6.28
6.28

4 ,4 9 4 .4 7 6 .2 8 6 .2 8 -

5.72
5,36
6.69
6.69

5
5

-

112

4.09
3.53
4.49
4.49

-

“

-

-

-

-

.
-

_
-

-

-

5

-

-

•

-

3
3

«
-

6
6

1
1

9
9

4
3

-

1
1

4

9

11

14

7
4
3

14
14

.
—
-

19
18
18

-

-

-

8
8

3
3

15
14

18
17

46
25

1
1

21
21

5

2

-

-

-

2
2

-

1
1
1

5

4
4

-

5 .0 1 - 5.74
4 .7 1 - 6.58

225
70
155

1
1

-

4

-

-

1
-

-

1

2
1
1

-

“

-

_

2
2
1

“

8
1
-

-

3

_

-

-

-

-

3
-

-

•
-

3
—
3
-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

11
11

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

14

-

10

3
-

4
4

-

2
-

2
2

-

2

8
1
1

19

11
11

18
17
-

1

21
20
1
1

55
47

21
8

8
3

13
-

-

24

26

•

-

_

-

-

-

-

8
8

1
1

12
12

13

12

.

4

3

-

-

4
4

3
3

6
6

7
7

6
6

7

27
7

4
4

4
4
—
-

15
4

46

2
1

11

“

-

45
41

51
3
48
47

17
17
-

4
3

24
23

2
2

1

1

-

9
4
5
5

32
25
7
-

3
3
-

-

13
13
-

2
2

33
33
-

6
6

3

46
32

5.42
5.23

5.63
5.63

4 .7 0 - 5.64
4 .7 0 - 5.63

6
6

_

6

PIPEFITTERS. MAINTENANCE --------- —
MANUFACTURING — -------------— — ~

115
104

5.98
5.96

5.64
5.64

5 .5 1 - 6.58
5 .5 1 - 6,58

4
4

1
1

-

33

5.94

5.81

5 .6 4 - 6.28

1

-

1

-

-

7

-

-

-

“

-

”

-

-

—

-

42
42
-

“
-

1

-

12

-

1
1

-

5
7
7

-

-

-

-

-

14

-

-

-

8

1

1
1

-

•
-

1
12

1
1

-

4

14

12
2
2

-

5

1
-

12
10

1
1

11
8

20

16

-

-

3
-

20

16
16

-

-

15

1
1

-

26
17

6
6

7
7

13
13

27
27

14

11

26
18

-

11

7

11

-

•
-

1

28
3
25
25

2
1

•

-

26
26

_

•
-

2

5
5

-

-

-

9

PAINTERS. MAINTENANCE -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------




-

9
9

169
43
33

See footnotes at end of tables.

-

1
1

5.13
4.82
6.36
6.45

m a in t e n a n c e

-

-

212

workers ,

-

4
4

1
1
-

MECHANICS. MAINTENANCE ---------------MANUFACTURING — -------------— ------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------------

s h e e t - metal

-

1
1
-

7
7

_
•

-

2
2

.

-

-

-

3
17
17

-

2

-

5*00

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of custodial and material movement workers in Norfolk—
Virginia Beach—Portsmouth
and Newport News—Ham pton. Va. — N.C., May 1975
Hourly earnings ^

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
$
S
$
s
S
S
S
$
S
$
$
S
S
S
$
S
*
S
$
2.00 2.10 2.20 2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4 • 40 4 .60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00 6.40

Occupation and industry division

$

S

..
of
workers

Mean 2

M edian2

Middle range

i

and
vuider

2.10 2.20 2.40 2.60 ? , 8Q 3,0Q 3t?0 3,40 3,6Q 3,80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4 • 60 4 • 80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00 6.40 6.80

ALL WORKERS
$
4.64
4.64
4#35

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ---------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------N0NM4NUFACTURIMG ----- — -------------------

424
316
106

$
3*87
4*08
3.24
4.49

$
4.30
4.44
3*00

$
3 .0 0 3 .3 1 2 .2 5 2.96

JANITORS* PORTERS* AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------------------

2*032
302
1*730
78

2.59
3.54
2.42
3.55

2.25
3.36
2.25
3.57

2. 20- 2.76

LABORERS* MATERIAL HANDLING ------------MANUFACTURING----- ------------------------ —
NONMANUFACTURING ----- — --------- ----- —

1*833
979
8S4

3.12
3.23
3.00

3. as
3.29
2.47

2 .4 6 - 3.40
2 .8 0 - 3.45
2. 2R- 3.15

2 .6 0 - 4.44
2 . 10- 2.51
3 .1 9 - 3.92

-

6
1

65
65
-

417
13
404

_
-

50
50

5

6

53
16
37

4

698
25
673
7
263
16
247

10
8
2

11
11

207
27
180
4

-

1

334
80
2S4

176
78
98

85
69
16

17
f
1A
ID

A
o

1A
lo
1A
lo

A
H
4

i
i

2

12

21
5
16

2
2

*

1 cc

7 Ca

” Af\ M
5

HAU'NtKbt bn IKK 1NO * • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
MANUFACTURING — — — — —
—
— —

9 07
£.71

Jo

3.27

7 CA
O
H
3.38

C
O
wo
* IQ
7
J# J f * Jt Jo

RECEIVING CLERKS --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------- ----- ----------n o n m anufactur ing ----------------------------

139
33
106

3.88
4.87
3.57

3.50

6.12
3.50

3 .2 7 - 4.25
3 .3 7 - 6.12
3 .2 5 - 3.7S

•
-

SHIPPING CLERKS ---------------- -----------------NONMANUF ACTUftING----------------------------

109
93

3.69
3.68

3.88
3.88

3 .0 0 - 4.13
3 .0 0 - 4.13

-

SHIPPING AND RECFIVING CLERKS — —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

79
26

3.33
3.72

3.17
4.00

2 .9 5 - 4.00
3 .4 0 - 4.00

TRUCKDRIVERS --------------------------------- -----MANUFACTURING --------------------------— —
non m an u fac tu r in g - — — ----- ----- ----PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------------------

1*899
430
1*469
570

3.95
3.68
4.03
5.33

3.64
3.68
3.59
5.20

2 .7 8 3 .2 0 2 .6 3 5 .2 0 -

OA
cu

5

1
A
iv

Q
O

J

-

9

32

17

2

12
20

10

7

1

17

1

2

96
91
5

18

21
12

35

9

27

4
3

10

-

45
40
5

1

240
18

63

68

21

222

42

27
41

2

50
23
27
15

35
17
18
9

92
48
44

307
298
9

191
190

\

NUNMANUr AC 1UK 1NU — — — — — — —
——— ———

1

-

36
9
27

8

p

c

AO
L
DO

7

56
48

78
77

8

1

24
15
9

75
74

8

OJ

*

80
80

-

-

-

1
1

9

-

-

A
4

5
4

1

1
8
7
.
-

1

3
•
3
3

6

12

-

12
12

-

-

16
16
.
-

2

11

2

2
2

-

•
-

-

•
-

—
9
C

-

•
-

137
137

_
•

4
4
—

—

2

-

.
—
-

_

_

-

"

6
6

-

-

-

1
1

9

-

-

15
15
—

_

18
18
-

_
-

-

-

—

64
64

A
o

6

J

23
23

22
3
19

l
l
-

5
5

3
3

6
2

3
3

5
5

U
ll

36
31

8

-

9
-

3

2
2

-

20
12

1
1

125
40
85
-

116
45
71
26

106

162
139
23
-

30
30
-

-

20

3
3
-

3

10

1
2

-

-

10

2

12

-

.
-

2
1

8
8

11
11

11
11

7

-

•

-

-

10

-

-

3

7
-

3
3

21

-

-

5.20
4.10
5.20
6.70

32
32
-

16
3
13
-

93
93
-

245
32
213
-

91

113
19
94
15

1
1

10

12
6

2
2

68
?A
CD

_
-

81
-

1

9

-

2

2
49
57

12

126
32
94
81

57
3
54

1

TRUCKDRIVERS* LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) — —— — — — — —
klAM tl IP
liAK
_— _ —
_
NUNMAlvUr A P T lKJ •T K'iO — _ _ _—_ _—_ _ _ — _ _
1 ID 11lfl _ _
— _

222

O

J£
32

XJ
13

07
Of
87

19

22

34
33

g
4

TRUCKDRIVERS* MF.DIUM (1 -1 /2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) -----------------m a n u f a c t u r in g ----- -----------------— —
MONMANUFACTURING — — — —
——

790
125
665

3.39
3.53
3.37

3.00
3.31
3.00

2 .5 0 - 3.73
3 .0 0 - 3.74
2 .4 5 - 3.66

-

-

6

223
29
194

53
53

46
46

98
18

74
17
57

64
16
48

36
16

25
3

4

-

20

22

3

TRUCKDRIVERS* HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS*
TRAILER TYPE) ----- --------------------------NONNANUFACTURING -------- ----- ----- — PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------------------

615
509
374

5.14
5.42
5.55

5.20
5.20
6.70

4 .0 5 - 6.70
4 .0 7 - 6.70
5 .2 0 - 6.70

-

-

-

-

1
1

25
15
15

16

17
14
-

4
3

1

84
74
74

-

55

-

TRUCKDRIVERS* HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS*
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) ----- — —
MANUr AC 1UKINw — — — — —
————
—
—

239
186

4.11
O 7ft
f u

4.10
A . tQ
*1 1A

3 .5 5 3.55— 4 *1 °

-

3

-

3
3

15
1A
XU

8

6

15
15

38
32

g

6

-

103
103

-

—

2

-

3
3

2
2

.
-

2
2

1
1

2
2

1
1

1
1

.

_

•

-

-

-

1
1

2
2

2
2

3

249

-

-

2
1
1

58
58
-

2
2

2
1

—
-

153

-

-

30
-

-

-

”

-

-

-

-

3

_
-

-

-

21

6

18

1

228
_

17
-

206

-

21

6

-

-

-

132

—
•
-

-

•
-

58
58
-

96
96
96

—
-

1
1

2
2

-

-

-

20

21
228
228

_

-

•

-

228

1U
1A

• JO

2. 20— C#OJ
2 . 2o— 2«63

22

c

p CP
C. p*»
2.25

17
1Q

210

5
5

4

See footnotes at end of tables.




3

6

g

80

1
-

c
o

1

20
-

2

3

21

-

3

_

3

-

210
210

-

14
14
-

4

-

188
18

Hourly earn ings3

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Number of w orkers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
5

S

M ean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

S

S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
*
*
*
s
s
s
S
? ------ 1---2.00 2.10 2.20 2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00 6.40
and
under

2.10 2.20 2.4Q 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4*00 4 .2 0 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.Q9 6.40 6* 8ft
ALL WORKERS—
c o n t in u e d

$

TRUCKERS* POWER (FORKLIFT! -----------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURINO--------- ---- --------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---- - --------------

591
347
244
84

3*58
3*51
3.68
4*34

3.56
3.54
3.61
4*45

2 .9 2 2 .9 2 3 .0 0 3 .6 1 -

TRUCKERS* POWER (OTHER THAN
F O R K L IF T ) --------- ---------------------------MANUFACTURING - — — — — ---- ---------

51
45

4*29
4.24

3.97
3.97

3 .6 6 - 4.84
3 .1 2 - 4.84

442
223
219
63

3.57
3.87
3.26
4.01

3.61
3.89

2 .8 8 3 .7 3 2 .5 0 3 .6 1 -

WAREHOUSEMEN ----- -— ------- — -----------MANUFACTURING — -----------— ------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

-----------------------

PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------- ----

See footnotes at end of tables.




2.88
3.61

3.80
3.66
4.47
5.13

3.89
3.89
3.61
4.05

•
—
-

.
-

-

—

-

—
-

-

•
-

•
-

20
20

9
9

—

62
22
40

30
27
3
3

59
40
19

-

-

50
37
13

42
32

72

68

10
—

4
4

12
12

-

-

—

—

-

-

44

28

-

-

20
-

12
8

38
28

44

28

20

4

10

—
34
4
30
13

114
43
71
34

14
5
9

6
6

12
12

59
23
36
34

no
no
-

12
9
3

31
28
3

28

-

17

22

-

28

-

22
22

—

1
1

—

*
—
—
20
20
-

2

-

17
17

—

2
—

-

8
4

8
8
-

2
2
2

15
14
1

-

4
4
-

-

8
-

5
4
1

-

-

8

-

8

-

-

8
8
-

-

10
10
7
7

6

•
-

27
27

2

-

2
2

—
-

-

-

•
-

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num
ber Average
(m
ean2)
of
hourly
w ers
ork
earnings3

Sex, occupation, and industry division

CUSTODIAL ANO MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS “ MEN

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
OCCUPATIONS - MEN
$

UAKrtN I tK5» M i!N 1E A V .
A
.IN IV .E
NONMANUFACTURING — — — — — —
——————
31
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------187

77

n o n m a n u f ac t u r in g

—

Cb
30

e 14
3« n
e ap
3#4c
c cc
3«33

TOIIHf flDTUCDC . uCAWV IfW J C ii A TAAlC.
IKULMiKiVtKb* nt.HVT IUVE.K *f lUNby
HTUtO TUAkl TOA X CO T Trt 'H • • • • • • •
__
U1
HCK IriMN 1KATI
Utn I V D __
M M IF A/*Tl IDI NO
A I
nANUr A , 1UK TM A ___________ _ __________
V

p30
C37
1O
lo iL
o

4t 11
3*70

cp7
30 r
244
0A
04

3#58
3«51
O AO
3«Oo
4 .3 4

TRUCKERS* POWER (OTHER THAN
PADV1 tPTt — —
r UW lr 1)
I\L
— —
—
— ———
Kak IF ATTl IDT l/ _ • • • • _______ _________
A ll
k1
MANUrAW I UKINu • ____ • • • • • • • • • • • • *

Cl
31
45

4 .2 9
4 .2 4

Fkl
3.59 u aDFUAI ICFM
3.35
MANUrAL1UKINu • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------m mi t r* i i t t i t t rr<*
3.96
PUBLIC UTILITIES
• ILQ
>
J.OO

APA
4cO
PIP
c lc
214
58

3.57
3.90
3.25
4 .0 6

637
45
592

2.29
2.7 7
2.26

CUT DOTNo ri FDlfC • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
/l
o n Ir r 1M tttKISo
n->
M 'N A I iFArTI IDX V
H M M
Mo
3 • 03
NvMfi ANUT f\ W1UK TT il
™
—
4»65
5*20 SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS --------5*36
NUNriMNUi M 1 1»V
W UK O
™

1ftO
1U3
93

0. ooo
11QQQ

43
33

JFD
5*13 TDI irVAD TV C
1KULKDK1VtKo
A Op
u a k IF A* IDTkiSl___________ ____________
ll
/‘Tl
*f #oc
MANUr AC 1UK iNG —
— — *•— —
kinkJyA k IFAL 1UK1NUil___ ____— • • • • • • •
a ll ArT 1 TM • • • • • • • __________
ID
NUNMANUr
•
?c
ni ini Tr U l l L l l l r o
PUoLlw IITTI TTTFC • • • • • • • • • • • • •
6«4b
C ivp
3#*tC
5.23

7C
64

MECHANICS* AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTE NANCE) — — — — — — —
1 a11 AC 1UN 1No
. 1
-»T
MANUF a/ I IDTkir
•
NUNMANUrAC 1
UNlNo • • • • • •
rti im TP IITTI TTTC
rUHL 1L U 1I L 1 1h3 • • * • • • • • • • • • •
1 TC
MECHANICS* MAINTENANCE — -----------------MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING — —
————
m mi tr UTILITIES ”
PUBLIC iitti tttcc
n AI NTC.R51 luA TMTCkiAkirr
l
PA TklTCDC MAIN 1LNANCC
———------ --------------

----------------------------------

SHEET-METAL WORKERS* MAINTENANCE

w1C
*
013
Ca O
!>V7
77A
J fH

7 AO
J#07

nAOnirV 1513, HA IN 1CNttIMUC--- ----------------MANUFACTURING

__

TRUCKDRIVERS* HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS*
TD ATI FD TVDC\
.
M M k IFATTI IDXNO • • • • • * _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ •
AM A ll
K
NUNMANUr AW•UK T IA _ _ _ _ _ _ * • • • • • • _
Dl 1 1 Tr IITTI T T T F ____— __________
0
PUBLIC uI i L i 11r.oC — — — — — —
—
———

1AQ
C^7

—

22S
70
155

112
212
1AQ
107

n13
1c
1A4
X

_
39 9 8

33

TRUCKDRIVERS* LIGHT (UNDER
i . X 7 C TOWCl
1 * l /o 1 V IN 9
/ O
•vU D irW ivur M i u k 1.170 • • •
W

1a OcO
It Q3X

CA
C
30

11C
133
30
33
i n?
xuc

59
39
430
11458
CA7
30 f
214

202

frO TFTI »■■■■■■■
3 07 !KUL*>LK3* DAUCD /FftO
Cf7/ TDlirKFDC. KUWLK IrUKfNLlr II * “ • • • • •
M M IFATTIID 1N\) • • • • • • • • • • --------------A I
“ ANUr Aw 1UK TM i l---------------- — • • • • • * •
•
M
AklLIA I iFACTIlOTkiO • • • • • * • • • • • • • •
M
* Q1
1
3*71
NUNMANUrAW i UK iNU
D | | Tr Ul i L i 1ir.b — —
i 3
4# 87
PUBLIC IITTI TTTFC — —
——
——
3 a 72
i ,x p
3 aD
O

5*3A
2.43
2.38

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS - W
OMEN
JANITORS* PORTERS* AND CLEANERS
LI A kll IP A P T i in »Ll/**

k'.A A uir apti in Tkip
kiii k

5.94

3# 70

See footnotes at end of tables.




CONTINUED
$
3*39
3#53
7 17
3#3 f

7 r3
J# 7C UKUtK r ILLfcKO
J9 CO
A 1| n A Pl/CQC ♦ on 1r r 1
CUTDDTklfl • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
P
y OC
.
H#CO
Dirrm/Tkir. f* i pdwc *
Ktvt Iv lN o LLLKFVo
*
*
h Ak If AL1UK1No • • • • • • • * * • • • * • • • • •
j ii
l/
3#47
MANUr ATTl IDTk 1
C Co
KIAklliAUI | APTl IDTM • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
F
MUHnANUrAL1 1 C
UK No
3*3c

HELPERS* MAINTENANCE TRADES -------m an u f a c tu r in g — — — —
kA|1 A4IIC J^ TII|| K^
i lU .!
k
— 1
T
NONMANUr ALJUKlNu a
~
PUBLIC U 11L 1 1i t.S — —
'

_

3 fc
c* TO
3.68
2.51
3.59

257
1* 138
AO
07

TRUCKDRIVERS -

TOT
7of
1PC
lC3
AAP
OOc

972
a ca
03**

7*f
fA
32
42
37

Num
ber Average
(m
ean2)
of
w ers hourly
ork
earnings3

TRUCKORIVERS* MEDIUM (1 -1 / 2 TO
Akin T
kirn imTM/ / TUN5) ___ — — — —
2
ANU INCLUDING H. talip \ — _____ _____
———
u AkiiiCArTi io tk in
MANUr Aw 1UK INu ___________ ___________
k k i Ak IFAw 1UKINU • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
iA lk it AATI IDTkiA
NUNMANUr

o ip
3« 1c
3.23
3.00

QQ
07

______________
_ _____
r i r t r i il r . r o *
iin y
A c i umiNo —

A3A
HC«f
11 A
o lo
108
26

46
32

—

1ONArt T - - --- --------- —

t NOI NtC.K;> * 31

5#97
i/
A A5 i iOAp.rnf* UATrnf ai nANULllw
D«Uc LABUKtKb* MAItKIAL uaaiim tk - — — —
MANUFACTURING------------------------------—
M M AM IFA< T IS IWR
O M l
~I
5#58

Sex, occupation, and industry division

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED
$
3.87
4.08
3.24
4.49

1a3QC
1*3 t 3

NONMANUFACTURING------------ — ------- —

PUBLIC UTILITIES —

N ber Average
um
(m
ean2)
of
ou
w rk
o ers h rly
earn gs3
in

Earnings data in table A-6 relate only to workers whose sex
identification was provided by the establishment. Earnings data in
tables A-4 and A-5, on the other hand, relate to all workers in an
occupation. (See appendix A for publication criteria.)

—

Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts, in Norfolk—
Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton,
Va.—N.C., for selected periods
Industry and occupational
group

January 1972
to
January 1973

January 1973
January 1974

January 1974 to May 1975
16-month
increase

Annual rate
of increase

A ll industries:
Office clerical (men and women)__________________
Electronic data processing (men and women)_____
Industrial nurses (men and women)________________
Skilled maintenance trades (m en)__________________
Unskilled plant workers (m en)_____________________

5.3
*
**
7.4
7.0

5.7
*
4.3
7.5
8.7

10.9
11.4
12.4
14.2

8.4
9.0
9.2
10.5

Manufacturing:
Office clerical (men and women)-------------------------Electronic data processing (men and women)-------Industrial nurses (men and women)----------------------Skilled maintenance trades (m en)------------------------Unskilled plant w orkers (m en)------------------------------

**
*
**
6.3
7.6

**
*
**
7.9
9.2

**
**
**
12.3
17.3

**
**
**
9.1
12.7

5.3
*

5.6
*
**
**
8.3

10.9
**
**

8.1

N onmanuf acturing:
Office clerical (men and women)-------------------------Electronic data processing (men and women)------Industrial nurses (men and women)----------------------Skilled maintenance trades (m en)------------------------Unskilled plant workers (m en)_____________________

*
* *

**

6.1

12.2

12.4

8.1

**
**
**
9.2

Data not available.
Data do not meet publication criteria.

NOTE: The percent increases presented in this table are based on changes in average
hourly earnings for establishments reporting the trend jobs in both the current and previous
year (matched establishments). They are not affected by changes in average earnings
resulting from employment shifts among establishments or turnover of establishments
included in survey samples. The percent increases, however, are still affected by factors
other than wage increases. Hirings, layoffs, and turnover may affect an establishment
average for an occupation when workers are paid under plans providing a range of wage rates
for individual jobs. In periods of increased hiring, for example, new employees enter at the
bottom of the range, depressing the average without a change in wage rates.
These wage trends are not linked to the wage indexes previously published for this
area because the wage indexes measured changes in area averages whereas these wage trends
measure changes in matched establishment averages. Other characteristics of these wage
trends which differ from the discontinued indexes include ( 1) earnings data of office clerical
workers and industrial nurses are converted to an hourly b asis, ( 2) trend estimates are
provided for nonmanufacturing establishments where possible, and (3) trend estimates are
provided for electronic data processing jobs.
For a more detailed description of the method used to compute these wage trends, see
"Improving Area Wage Survey Indexes," Monthly Labor Review. January 1973, pp. 52-57.

Footnotes
1 Standard hours reflect the workweek
to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job
and half receive less them the rate shown.
3 Excludes premium pay for overtime




for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond
by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive more
The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn more than the higher rate.
and for work on weekends, holidays, and* late shifts.

Appendix A
Area wage and related benefits data are obtained by personal visits of Bureau field represent­
atives at 3-year intervals . 1 In each of the intervening years, information on employment and
occupational earnings is collected by a combination of personal visit; m ail questionnaire, and telephone
interview from establishments participating in the previous survey.
In each of the 822 areas currently surveyed, data are obtained from representative estab­
lishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communication, and other
public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and rea l estate; and services. M ajor
industry groups excluded from these studies are government operations and the construction and
extractive industries. Establishments having few er than a prescribed number of workers are omitted
because of insufficient employment in the occupations studied. Separate tabulations are provided for
each of the broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

Average earnings reflect composite, areawide estimates. Industries and establishments differ
in pay level and job staffing, and thus contribute differently to the estimates for each job. Pay
averages may fail to reflect accurately the wage differential among jobs in individual establishments.
Average pay levels for men and women in selected occupations should not be assumed to
reflect differences in pay of the sexes within individual establishments. Factors which may contribute
to differences include progression within established rate ranges, since only the rates paid incumbents
are collected, and performance of specific duties within the general survey job descriptions. Job
descriptions used to classify employees in these surveys usually are more generalized than those used
in individual establishments and allow for minor differences among establishments in specific
duties performed.
Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all establishments within the scope
of the study and not the number actually surveyed. Because occupational structures among establish­
ments differ, estimates of occupational employment obtained from the sample of establishments studied
serve only to indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occupational
structure do not affect materially the accuracy of the earnings data.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis. The sampling procedures involve detailed
stratification of all establishments within the scope of an individual area survey by industry and number
of employees. From this stratified universe a probability sample is selected, with each establishment
having a predetermined chance of selection. To obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater
proportion of large than small establishments is selected. When data are combined, each establishment
is weighted according to its probability of selection, so that unbiased estimates are generated. F or
example, if one out of four establishments is selected, it is given a weight of four to represent itself
plus three others. An alternate of the same original probability is chosen in the same industry-size
classification if data are not available for the original sample m ember. If no suitable substitute is
available, additional weight is assigned to a sample m em ber that is sim ilar to the missing unit.

Wage trends for selected occupational groups

Occupations and Earnings

Occupations used to compute wage trends are:

Occupations selected for study are common to a variety of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing
industries, and are of the following types: ( 1) Office clerical; (2) professional and technical; (3)
maintenance and powerplant; and (4) custodial and m aterial movement. Occupational classification is
based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation
in duties within the same job. Occupations selected for study are listed and described in appendix B.
Unless otherwise indicated, the earnings data following the job titles are for all industries combined.
Earnings data for some of the occupations listed and described, or for some industry divisions within
occupations, are not presented in the A -se rie s tables, because either (1) employment in the occupation
is too small to provide enough data to merit presentation, or ( 2) there is possibility of disclosure of
individual establishment data. Separate men's and women's earnings data are not presented when the
number of workers not identified by sex is 20 percent or m ore of the men or women identified in an
occupation. Earnings data not shown separately for industry divisions are included in all industries
combined data, where shown. Likewise, data are included in the overall classification when a sub­
classification of electronics technicians, secretaries, or truckdrivers is not shown or information to
subclassify is not available.
Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for full-tim e w orkers, i.e., those hired
to work a regular weekly schedule. Earnings data exclude premium pay for overtime and for work on
weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living allowances
and incentive bonuses are included. Weekly hours for office c lerical and professional and technical
occupations refer to the standard workweek (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which employees
receive regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates).
Average weekly earnings for these occupations are rounded to the nearest half dollar.
These surveys measure the level of occupational earnings in an area at a particular time.
Comparisons of individual occupational averages over time may not reflect expected wage changes.
The averages for individual jobs are affected by changes in wages and employment patterns. F or
example, proportions of workers employed by high- or low -w age firm s may change, or high-wage
workers may advance to better jobs and be replaced by new w orkers at low er rates. Such shifts in
employment could decrease an occupational average even though most establishments in an area
increase wages during the year. Trends in earnings of occupational groups, shown in table A - 7,
are better indicators of wage trends than individual jobs within the groups.

The
Annual rates
span between
increased at

percents of change in table A -7 relate to wage changes between the indicated dates.
of increase, where shown, reflect the amount of increase for 12 months when the time
surveys was other than 12 months. Annual rates are based on the assumption that wages
a constant rate between surveys.

Office clerical (men and women):
Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class B
Clerks, accounting, classes A and B
Clerks, file, classes A, B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Keypunch operators, classes A and B
Messengers
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B
Electronic data processing
(men and women):
Computer operators, classes A, B , and C
Computer program m ers, classes A, B ,
and C

Electronic data processing (men
and women)— Continued
Computer systems analysts, classes A,
B , and C
Industrial nurses (men and women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
Tool and die m akers
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, po rters, and cleaners
L a b o re rs , m aterial handling

Percent changes for individual areas in the program are computed as follows:
1. Each occupation is assigned a weight based on its proportionate employment in the selected
group of occupations in the base year.
2. These weights are used to compute group averages. Each occupation's average (mean)
earnings is multiplied by its weight. The products are totaled to obtain a group average.
3. The ratio of group averages for 2 consecutive years is computed by dividing the average
for the current year by the average for the e a rlie r year. The results— expressed as a percent— le ss 100
is the percent change.
Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions

1 Personal visits were on a 2-year c y cle before July 1972.
2 Included in the 82 areas are 12 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are Akron, Uhio; Austin, T e x . ; Binghamton,
N .Y . —P a .; Birmingham, A l a . } Fort Lauderdale—Hollywood and West P alm Beach—Boca Raton, Fla. j Lexington—Fayette, K y . ; Melbourne—T itu s v ille Cocoa, F la .; Norfolk—Virgin ia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, Va. —N . C . ; Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N . Y . ; Raleigh—
Durham, N . C . ; Syracuse, N . Y . ; and .Westchester County, N .Y .
hr addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies in approxim ately 70
areas at the request o f die Employment Standards Administration o f the U. S. Department o f Labor.




Tabulations on selected establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions (B -s e rie s
tables) are not presented in this bulletin. Information for these, tabulations is collected at 3-year
intervals . 1 These tabulations on minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced office w orkers; shift
differentials; scheduled weekly hours and days; paid holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and*
pension plans are presented (in the B -s e rie s tables) in previous bulletins for this area.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Norfolk—
Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, Va.—N .C .,' May 1975
Minimum
In d u s try d iv is io n 2

A l l d i v i s i o n s ..... .......................... ........................
M a n u fa c tu rin g __________________________________ ____ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ___________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ica tio n ,
and o th e r pu b lic u tilit ie s 5 __________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e 6 ______________________________ _
R e t a il tr a d e 6 ___ ______ __________________________
F in a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and
r e a l e s ta te 6
S e r v ic e s 6 7 _______________________________________

employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Number of establishments

W orkers in establishments
Within scope of study4

Within scope
of study*

Studied

Studied
Number

Percent

-

533

162

116,273

100

78,681

50
■

127
406

50
112

49,776
66,497

43
57

41,459
37,222

50
50
50

45
64
167

20
15
36

12,144
6,506
30,581

10
6
26

9,958
2,138
15,025

50
50

44
86

11
30

6,559
10,707

6
9

3, 184
6,917

1 The Norfolk-Virginia Beach—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas, as defined by the Office of
Management and Budget through February 1974, consist of the cities of Chesapeake, Hampton, Newport News, Norfolk, Portsmouth, Suffolk, Virginia
Beach and Williamsburg, Va.; and the counties of Gloucester, James City, and York, Va. , and Currituck, N .C . The "workers within scope of study"
estimates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey.
Estimates are not intended, however, for comparison with other employment indexes to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning
of wage surveys requires establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) small establishments are
excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division.
3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in industries
such as trade, finance, auto repair service, and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes all workers in all establishments with total employment (within the area) at or above the minimum limitation.
5 Abbreviated to "public utilities" in the A -series tables. Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation were excluded.
6 This division is represented in estimates for "all industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the A -series tables. Separate presentation of data
is not made for one or more of the following reasons: (1) Employment is too small to provide enough data to m erit separate study, (2) the sample
was not designed initially to permit separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to permit separate presentation, and (4) there
is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data.
7 Hotels and motels; laundries and other personal services; business services; automobile repair, rental, and parking; motion pictures;
nonprofit membership organizations (excluding religious and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectural services.




NOTE: Since the last survey in the combined Norfolk-Virginia Beach—
Portsmouth and
Newport News—
Hampton Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas, the SMSA's have been
expanded to include Williamsburg City, Suffolk City, James City County, and Gloucester
County, Va. ; and Currituck County, N .C . The additional geography accounts for 9 percent
of the workers within scope of the study. Almost two-thirds of the additional workers were
in nonmanufacturing establishments.
Occupational earnings information in Tables A - 1 through A-6 relates to the expanded
SMSA's but wage trend information in Table A-7 relates to the geographical scope used in
the January 1974 survey. Next year all data will relate to the enlarged SMSA's.

Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate
occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and
from area to area. This permits the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in
individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed
to exclude working supervisors; apprentices; learners; beginners; trainees; and handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than an ordinary or electromatic
typewriter. May also keep records as to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work
incidental to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are classified by type of
machine, as follows:

Performs one or more accounting clerical tasks such as posting to registers and ledgers;
reconciling bank accounts; verifying the internal consistency, completeness, and mathematical accuracy
of accounting documents; assigning prescribed accounting distribution codes; examining and verifying
for clerical accuracy various types of reports, lists, calculations, posting, etc.; or preparing simple or
assisting in preparing more complicated journal vouchers. May work in either a manual or automated
accounting system.

B iller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing machine (combination typing and
adding machine) to prepare bills and invoices from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared
orders, shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined discounts and
shipping charges and entry of necessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing
machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The operation usually involves a
large number of carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.
B iller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping machine (with or without a
typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills as part of the accounts receivable operation.
Generally involves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The machine
automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints
automatically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping. Works from
uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.

The work requires a knowledge of clerical methods and office practices and procedures which
relates to the clerical processing and recording of transactions and accounting information. With
experience, the worker typically becomes fam iliar with the bookkeeping and accounting terms and
procedures used in the assigned work, but is not required to have a knowledge of the form al principles
of bookkeeping and accounting.
Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.
Class A. Under general supervision, performs accounting clerica l operations which require
the application of experience and judgment, for example, clerically processing complicated or
nonrepetitive accounting transactions, selecting among a substantial variety of prescribed accounting
codes and classifications, or tracing transactions though previous accounting actions to determine
source of discrepancies. May be assisted by one or more class B accounting clerks.

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (with or without a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of
business transactions.
Class A. Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and experience in basic bookkeeping
principles, and familiarity with the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each phase of the work. May
prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of a set of records usually
requiring little knowledge of basic bookkeeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described under biller, machine), cost
distribution, expense distribution, inventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.




Listed
stereotypes:

below

are

revised

Class B. Under close supervision, following detailed instructions and standardized procedures,
performs one or more routine accounting clerical operations, such as posting to ledgers, cards, or
worksheets where identification of items and locations of postings are clearly indicated; checking
accuracy and completeness of standardized and repetitive records or accounting documents; and coding
documents using a few prescribed accounting codes.
CLERK, FILE
Files, classifies, and retrieves material in an established filing system. May perform
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain files. Positions are classified into levels on the basis
of the following definitions.
Clas a A. Classifies and indexes file m aterial such as correspondence, reports, technical
documents, etc., in an established filing system containing a number of varied subject matter files.
May also file this material. May keep records of various types in conjunction with the files. May
lead a small group of lower level file clerks.

occupational titles

introduced this

year to

eliminate

Revised title

F ormer title

Drafter
D rafter-tracer
Boiler tender

Draftsman
Draft sman-t race r
Fireman, stationary boiler

sex

Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple (subject m atter) headings
or partly classified material by finer subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids. As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards material. May perform
related clerical tasks required to maintain and service files.
Class C. Perform s routine filing of material that has already been classified or which is
easily classified in a simple serial classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or
numerical). As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards material; and may
fill out withdrawal charge. May perform simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.
CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by mail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the following: Quoting prices to customers; making out an order
sheet listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order sheet;
and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled. May check with credit department
to determine credit rating of customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up
orders to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping invoices
with original orders.
CLERK, PA Y R O LL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary data on the payroll sheets.
Duties involve: Calculating w orkers' earnings based on time or production records; and posting
calculated data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, wdrking days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster
in making up and distributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Operates a keypunch machine to record or verify alphabetic and/or numeric data on tabulating
cards or on tape.
Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.
Class A. Work requires the application of experience and judgment in selecting procedures
to be followed and in searching for, interpreting, selecting, or coding items to be keypunched from a
variety of source documents. On occasion may also perform some routine keypunch work. May train
inexperienced keypunch operators.
Class B. Work is routine and repetitive. Under close supervision or following specific
procedures or instructions, works from various standardized source documents which have been coded,
and follows specified procedures which have been prescribed in detail and require little or no selecting,
coding, or interpreting of data to be recorded. Refers to supervisor problems arising from erroneous
items or codes or missing information.
MESSENGER

Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled ’’ secretary” possess the above characteristics.
positions which are excluded from the definition are as follows:

Examples of

a.

Positions which do not meet the "personal” secretary concept described above;

b.

Stenographers not fully trained in secretarial type duties;

c. Stenographers
managerial persons;

serving as

office assistants

to a group of professional, technical, or

d. Secretary positions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or sub­
stantially more complex and responsible than those characterized in the definition;
e. Assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more responsible technical,
administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical duties which are not typical of secretarial
work.
NOTE: The term "corporate officer, ” used in the level definitions following, refers to those
officials who have a significant corporate-wide policymaking role with regard to major company
activities.
The title "vice president, " though normally indicative of this role, docs not in all cases
identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility is to act personally on individual
cases or transactions (e.g., approve or deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual
trust accounts; directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate officers" for
purposes of applying the following level definitions.
Class A
1. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that employs, in all,
over 100 but fewer than 5, 000 persons; or
2. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of the board or president) of a
company that employs, in all, over 5, 000 but fewer than 25, 000 persons; or
3. Secretary to the head, immediately below the corporate officer level, of a major segment
or subsidiary of a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
Class B
1.
Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that employs, in all,
fewer than 100 persons; or
2. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of the board or president) of a
company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5, 000 persons; or
3. Secretary to the head, immediately below the officer level, over either a major corporate­
wide functional activity (e.g., marketing, research, operations, industrial relations, etc.) or a major
geographic or organizational segment (e.g., a regional headquarters; a major division) of a company
that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000 employees; or

Perform s various routine duties such as running errands, operating minor office machines
such as sealers or m ailers, opening and distributing m ail, and other minor clerical work. Exclude
positions that require operation of a motor vehicle as a significant duty.

4. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level of
official) that employs, in all, over 5, 000 persons; or

SECRETARY

5. Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational segment (e.g., a middle
management supervisor of an organizational segment often involving as many as several hundred
persons) or a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.

Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Maintains a close and highly
responsive relationship to the day-to-day work of the supervisor. Works fairly independently
receiving a minimum of detailed supervision and guidance. Perform s varied clerical and secretarial
duties, usually including most of the following:
Receives telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming mail, answers routine inquires,
and routes technical inquiries to the proper persons;
b.

Establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files;

c.

Maintains the su pervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed;

d.

Relays m essages from supervisor to subordinates;

e. Reviews correspondence, memorandums, and reports prepared by others for the super­
v iso r's signature to assure procedural and typographic accuracy;
f.

Perform s stenographic and typing work.

May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks of comparable nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organization, programs,
and procedures related to the work of the supervisor.




Class C
1. Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose responsibility is not equivalent to
one of the specific level situations in the definition for class B, but whose organizational unit
normally numbers at least several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level includes a wide range of
organizational echelons; in others, only one or two; or
2. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level of
official) that employs, in all, fewer than 5.000 persons.
Class D
1. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational unit (e.g., fewer than
about 25 or 30 persons); or
2- Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional employee, administrative
officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert. (NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers,
rather than secretaries as described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory worker.)

STENOGRAPHER

T ABU LAT IN G -M ACH IN E OPERATOR (Electric Accounting Machine Operator)

Prim ary duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to transcribe the dictation. May also
type from written copy. May operate from a stenographic pool. May occasionally transcribe from
voice recordings (if prim ary duty is transcribing from recordings, see Tran scribing-Machine Operator,
General).

Operates one or a variety of machines such as the tabulator, calculator, collator, interpreter,
sorter, reproducing punch, etc. Excluded from this definition are working supervisors. A lso excluded
are operators of electronic digital computers, even though they may also operate E A M equipment.

NOTE: This job is distinguished from that of a secretary in that a secretary normally works
in a confidential relationship with only one manager or executive and performs more responsible and
discretionary tasks as described in the secretary job definition.

Class A. Perform s complete reporting and tabulating assignments including devising difficult
control panel wiring under general supervision. Assignments typically involve a variety of long and
complex reports which often are irregu lar or nonrecurring, requiring some planning of the nature and
sequencing of operations, and the use of a variety of machines. Is typically involved in training new
operators in machine operations or training lower level operators in wiring from diagram s and in
the operating sequences of long and complex reports. Does not include positions in which wiring
responsibility is limited to selection and insertion of prew ired boards.

Stenographer, General
Dictation involves a normal routine vocabulary.
or perform other relatively routine clerical tasks.
Stenographer, Senior

May maintain files, keep simple records,

Dictation involves a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
OR
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater independence and responsibility
than stenographer, general, as evidenced by the following: Work requires a high degree of stenographic
speed and accuracy; a thorough working knowledge of general business and office procedure; and of
the specific business operations, organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as maintaining followup
files; assembling material for reports, memorandums, and letters; composing simple letters from
general instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Class A. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Perform s full telephone information service or handles complex
calls, such as conference, collect, overseas, or sim ilar calls, either in addition to doing routine work
as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a full-time assignment. ("F u ll" telephone
information service occurs when the establishment has varied functions that are not readily
understandable for telephone information purposes, e.g., because of overlapping or interrelated
functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to which extensions are appropriate for calls.)
Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May
perform limited telephone information service. ("Lim ited” telephone information service occurs if the
functions of the establishment serviced are readily understandable for telephone information purposes,
or if the requests are routine, e.g., giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or if
complex calls are referred to another operator.)
These classifications do not include switchboard operators in telephone companies who assist
customers in placing calls.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single-position or monitor-type switchboard,
acts as receptionist and may also type or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This
typing or clerical work may take the major part of this worker's time while at switchboard.

Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.

Class B . Perform s work according to established procedures and under specific instructions.
Assignments typically involve complete but routine and recurring reports or parts of la rg e r and more
complex reports. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical accounting machines such as the
tabulator and calculator, in addition to the sim pler machines used by class C operators. May be
required to do some wiring from diagrams. May train new employees in basic machine operations.
Class C . Under specific instructions, operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, interpreter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. Assignments typically
involve portions of a work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs, or repetitive
operations. May perform simple wiring from diagram s, and do some filing work.

TRANSCRIBINGrMACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Prim ary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a norm al routine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written copy and do simple cle ric a l work. W orkers
transcribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or
reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by
Stenotype or sim ilar machine is classified as a stenographer.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various materials or to make out bills after calculations
have been made by another person. May include typing of stencils, mats, or sim ilar m aterials for
use in duplicating processes. May do c lerical work involving little special training, such as keeping
simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and distributing incoming mail.
Class A . Perform s one or more of the following: Typing m aterial in final form when it
involves combining material from several sources; or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication,
punctuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language m aterial; or planning layout and
typing of complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters, varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B . Perform s one or mere of the following: Copy typing from rough or clear drafts;
or routine typing of form s, insurance policies, etc; or setting up simple standard tabulations; or
copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
COM PUTER OPERATOR

CO M PU TER OPERATOR— Continued

Monitors and operates the control console of a digital computer to process data cccording to
operating instructions, usually prepared by a program m er. Work includes most of the following:
Studies instructions to determine equipment setup and operations; loads equipment with required
items (tape reels, cards, etc.); switches necessary auxiliary equipment into circuit, and starts and
operates computer; makes adjustments to computer to correct operating problems and meet special
conditions; reviews e rro rs made during operation and determines cause or refers problem to
supervisor or program m er; and maintains operating records. May test and assist in correcting
program.

Class B . Operates independently, or under only general direction, a computer running
program s with most of the following characteristics: Most of the program s are established 'production
runs, typically run on a regularly recurring basis; there is little or no testing of new program s
required; alternate program s are provided in case original program needs m ajor change or cannot be
corrected within a reasonably time. In common e rr o r situations, diagnoses cause and takes corrective
action. This usually involves applying previously program m ed corrective steps, or using standard
correction techniques.

For wage study purposes, computer operators are classified as follows:
Class A . Operates independently, or under only general direction, a computer running
programs with most of the following characteristics: New program s are frequently tested and
introduced; scheduling requirements are of critical importance to minimize downtime; the program s
are of complex design so that identification of e rro r source often requires a working knowledge of the
total program, and alternate program s may not be available. May give direction and guidance 'o
lower level operators.




OR
Operates under direct supervision a computer running program s or segments of program s
with the characteristics described for class A. May assist a higher level operator by independently
performing less difficult tasks assigned, and performing difficult tasks following detailed instructions
and with frequent review of operations performed.
Class C. Works on routine program s under close supervision. Is expected to develop working
knowledge of the computer equipment used and ability to detect problem s involved in running routine
program s. Usually has received some form al training in computer operation. May assist higher level
operator on complex program s.

Converts statements of business problems, typically prepared by a systems analyst, into a
sequence of detailed instructions which are required to solve the problems by automatic data processing
equipment. Working from charts or diagrams, the programmer develops the precise instructions which,
when entered into the computer system in coded language, cause the manipulation of data to achieve
desired results. Work involves most of the following; Applies knowledge of computer capabilities,
mathematics, logic employed by computers, and particular subject matter involved to analyze charts
and diagrams of the problem to be programmed; develops sequence of program steps; writes detailed
flow charts to show order in which data w ill be processed; converts these charts to coded instructions
for machine to follow; tests and corrects programs; prepares instructions for operating personnel
during production run; analyzes, reviews, and alters programs to increase operating efficiency or
adapt to new requirements; maintains records of program development and revisions. (NOTE: Workers
performing both systems analysis and programming should be classified as systems analysts if this is
the skill used to determine their pay.)
Does not include employees prim arily responsible for the management or supervision of other
electronic data processing employees, or programmers primarily concerned with scientific and/or
engineering problems.
For wage study purposes, programmers are classified as follows:
Class A . Works independently or under only general direction on complex problems which
require competence in all phases of programming concepts and practices. Working from diagrams
and charts which identify the nature of desired results, major processing steps to be accomplished,
and the relationships between various steps of the problem solving routine; plans the full range
of programming actions needed to efficiently utilize the computer system in , achieving desired
end products.
At this level, programming is difficult because computer equipment must be organized to
produce several interrelated but diverse products from numerous and diverse data elements. A wide
variety and extensive number of internal processing actions must occur. This requires such actions as
development of common operations which can be reused, establishment of linkage points between
operations, adjustments to data when program requirements exceed computer storage capacity, and
substantial manipulation and resequencing of data elements to form a highly integrated program.
May provide functional direction to lower level programmers who are assigned to assist.
Class B . Works independently or under only general direction on relatively simple programs,
or on simple segments of complex programs. Programs (or segments) usually process information to
produce data in two or three varied sequences or formats. Reports and listings are produced by
refining, adapting, arraying, or making minor additions to or deletions from input data which are
readily available. While numerous records may be processed, the data have been refined in prior
actions so that the accuracy and sequencing of data can be tested by using a few routine checks.
Typically, the program deals with routine record-keeping type operations.
OR
Works on complex programs (as described for class A) under close direction of a higher
level programmer or supervisor. May assist higher level programmer by independently performing
less difficult tasks assigned, and performing more difficult tasks under fairly close direction.
May guide or instruct lower level programmers.
Class C. Makes practical applications of programming practices and concepts usually learned
in formal training courses. Assignments are designed to develop competence in the application of
standard procedures to routine problems. Receives close supervision on new aspects of assignments;
and work is reviewed to ve rify its accuracy and conformance with required procedures.
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS
Analyzes business problems to formulate procedures for solving them by use of electronic
data processing equipment. Develops a complete description of all specifications needed to enable
programmers to prepare required digital computer programs. Work involves most of the following:
Analyzes subject-matter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and criteria required to
achieve satisfactory results; specifies number and types of records, files, and documents to be used;
outlines actions to be performed by personnel and computers in sufficient detail for presentation to
management and for programming (typically this involves preparation of work and data flow charts);
coordinates the development of test problems and participates in trial runs of new and revised systems;
and recommends equipment changes to obtain more effective overall operations. (NOTE: Workers
performing both systems analysis and programming should be classified as systems analysts if this is
the skill used to determine their pay.)
Does not include employees prim arily responsible for the management or supervision of other
electronic data processing employees, or systems analysts primarily concerned with scientific or
engineering problems.




For wage study purposes, systems analysts are classified as follows:
Class_A. Works independently or under only general direction on complex problems involving,
all phases of system analysis. Problems are complex because of diverse sources of input data and
multiple-use requirements of output data. (For example, develops an integrated production scheduling,
inventory control, cost analysis, and sales analysis record in which every item of each type is
automatically processed through the full system of records and appropriate followup actions are initiated
by the computer.) Confers with persons concerned to determine the data processing problems and
advises subject-matter personnel on the implications of new or revised systems of data processing
operations. Makes recommendations, if needed, for approval of major systems installations or changes
and for obtaining equipment.
May provide functional direction to lower level systems analysts who are assigned to assist.
Class B. Works independently or under only general direction on problems that are relatively
uncomplicated to analyze, plan, program, and operate. Problems are of limited complexity because
sources of input data are homogeneous and the output data are closely related. (For example, develops
systems for maintaining depositor accounts in a bank, maintaining accounts receivable in a retail
establishment, or maintaining inventory accounts in a manufacturing or wholesale establishment.)
Confers with persons concerned to determine the data processing problems and advises subjectmatter personnel on the implications of the data processing systems to be applied.
OR
Works pn a segment of a complex data processing scheme or system, as described for class A.
Works independently on routine assignments and receives instruction and guidance on complex
assignments. Work is reviewed for accuracy of judgment, compliance with instructions, and to insure
proper alignment with the overall system.
Class C. Works under immediate supervision, carrying out analyses as assigned, usually
of a single activity. Assignments are designed to develop and expand practical experience in the
application of procedures and skills required for systems analysis work. For example, may assist a
higher level systems analyst by preparing the detailed specifications required by programmers from
information developed by the higher level analyst.
DRAFTER
Class A. Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having distinctive design features
that differ significantly from established drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design
originator, and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of each change on the
details of form, function, and positional relationships of components and parts. Works with a
minimum of supervisory assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for consistency
with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare drawings, or direct their preparation by
lower level drafters.
Class B. Perform s nonroutine and complex drafting assignments that require the application
of most of the standardized drawing techniques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as:
Prepares working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple functions, and precise
positional relationships between components; prepares architectural drawings for construction of a
building including detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof. Uses accepted
formulas and manuals in making necessary computations to determine quantities of materials to be
used, load capacities, strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements, and
advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for engineering,, construction,
manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types of drawings prepared include isometric projections
(depicting three dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning of components
and convey needed information. Consolidates details from a number of sources and adjusts or
transposes scale as required. Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are less complete when assignments
recur. Work may be spot-checked during progress.
DRAFTER-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing cloth or paper over drawings
and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of
straight lines and a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
AND/OR
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
during progress.

Work is closely supervised

Works on various types of electronic equipment and related devices by performing one or a
combination of the following: Installing, maintaining, repairing, overhauling, troubleshooting, modifying,
constructing, and testing. Work requires practical application of technical knowledge of electronics
principles, ability to determine malfunctions, and skill to put equipment in required operating condition.

Class B. Applies comprehensive technical knowledge to solve complex problems (i.e., those
that typically can be solved solely by properly interpreting manufacturers' manuals or sim ilar
documents) in working on electronic equipment. Work involves: A fam iliarity with the interrelation­
ships of circuits; and judgment in determining work sequence and in selecting tools and testing
instruments, usually less complex than those used by the class A technician.

The equipment— consisting of either many different kinds of circuits or multiple repetition of
the same kind of circuit— includes, but is not limited to, the following: (a) Electronic transmitting
and receiving equipment (e.g., radar, radio, television, telephone, sonar, navigational aids), (b)
digital and analog computers, and (c) industrial and medical measuring and controlling equipment.

Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher level technician, and
work is reviewed for specific compliance with accepted practices and work assignments. May provide
technical guidance to lower level technicians.

This classification excludes repairmen of such standard electronic equipment as common office
machines and household radio and television sets; production assemblers and testers; workers whose
primary duty is servicing electronic test instruments; technicians who have administrative or
supervisory responsibility; and drafters, designers, and professional engineers.

Class C. Applies working technical knowledge to perform simple or routine tasks in working
on electronic equipment, following detailed instructions which cover virtually all procedures. Work
typically involves such tasks as: Assisting higher level technicians by performing such activities as
replacing components, wiring circuits, and taking test readings; repairing simple electronic equipment;
and using tools and common test instruments (e.g., multimeters, audio signal generators, tube testers,
oscilloscopes). Is not required to be fam iliar with the interrelationships of circuits. This knowledge,
however, may be acquired through assignments designed to increase competence (including classroom
training) so that worker can advance to higher level technician.

Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.
Glass A . Applies advanced technical knowledge to solve unusually complex problems (i.e.,
those that typically cannot be solved solely; by reference to manufacturers' manuals or similar
documents) in working on electronic equipment. Examples of such problems include location and
density of circuitry, electro-magnetic radiation, isolating malfunctions, and frequent engineering
changes. Work involves: A detailed understanding of the interrelationships of circuits; exercising
independent judgment in performing such tasks as making circuit analyses, calculating wave forms,
tracing relationships in signal flow; and regularly using complex test instruments' (e.g., dual trace
oscilloscopes, Q-m eters, deviation m eters, pulse generators).
Work may be reviewed by supervisor (frequently an engineer or designer) for general
compliance with accepted practices. May provide technical guidance to lower level technicians.

Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher level technician. Work
is typically spot checked, but is given detailed review when new or advanced assignments are involved.
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (Registered)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general medical direction to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become i ll or suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or
other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or
injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping records of patients treated;
preparing acciderit reports for compensation or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and
health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other activities affecting the health,
welfare, and safety of all personnel. Nursing supervisors or head nurses in establishments employing
more than one nurse are excluded.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
BOILER TENDER

ENGINEER, STATIONARY— Continued

Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which employed with heat, power,
or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and
checks water and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.

steam boilers and boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise these operations. Head or
chief engineers in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain in good repair building
woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs,
casings, and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of
carpenter's handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard
shop computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the work. In
general, the work of themaintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades, by performing specific or
general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping a worker supplied with m aterials and tools; cleaning
working area, machine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools; and
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted
to perform varies from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting,
and holding materials and tools, and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted to perform
specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed by workers on a
full-time basis.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the installation, maintenance, or
repair of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of electrical equipment
such as generators, transformers, switchboards, controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units,
conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working
standard computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a
variety of electrician's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general, the work of the
maintenance electrician requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine tools., such as jig borers,
cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes, or milling machines, in the construction of machineshop tools, gauges, jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning and
performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring complicated setups or a
high degree of accuracy; using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling, and operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize when tools need dressing,
to dress tools, and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry
wage study purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded
from this classification.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of stationary engines and
equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the establishment in which employed with power, heat,
refrigeration, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment such as
steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment,

Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of metal parts of mechanical
equipment operated in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Interpreting written
instructions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's handtools
and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal




parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling,
feeds, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting
standard materials, parts, and equipment required for this work; and fitting and assembling parts into
mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded training in
machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (Maintenance)

Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an establishment. Work involves the
following: Knowledge of surface peculiarities and types of paint required for different applications;
preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or fille r in nail holes and
interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other
paint ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
PIPE F ITTE R , MAINTENANCE

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an establishment. Work involves
most of the following: Examining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling
equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills,
or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from
stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and aligning wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body
bolts. In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
This classification does not include mechanics who repair customers' vehicles in automobile
repair shops.
MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment. Work involves most of the
following: Examining machines and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling
or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools in
scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering
the production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop
for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts
ordered from machine shops; reassembling machines; and making all necessary adjustments for
operation. In general, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Excluded from
this classification are workers whose prim ary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Instails new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and installs machines or heavy
equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a variety of
handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to stresses, strength of m aterials,
and centers of gravity; aligning and balancing of equipment; selecting .standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power transmission equipment such as
drives and speed reducers. In general, the millwright's work normally requires a rounded training and
experience in the trade acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of
pipe from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct lengths
with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting machines; threading pipe with stocks and
dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and
fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of
pipe required; and making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In
general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Workers primarily
engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or heating* systems are excluded.
SHEET-M ETAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal equipment and fixtures (such
as machine guards, grease pans, shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing)
of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all types of sheetmetal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all
available types of sheet-metal working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending,
forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles as required. In general,
the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fixtures or dies for forgings, punching,
and other metal-forming work. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work
from models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a variety of tool and
die maker's handtools and precision measuring instruments; understanding of the working properties of
common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment; making
necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines;
heat-treating of metal parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required
qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and
allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker's work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
GUARD AND WATCHMEN

LABORER, M ATERIAL HANDLING

Guard. Perform s routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour, maintaining order,
using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on
identity of employees and other persons entering.

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or other establishment whose
duties involve one or more of the following: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise
on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting materials or merchandise by
handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

Watchman.
and illegal entry.

ORDER FIL L E R

Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property against fire , theft,

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas and washrooms, or premises
of an office, apartment house, or comm ercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of
the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips, trash, and other
refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing
supplies and minor maintenance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers
who specialize in window washing are excluded.




F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored merchandise in accordance
with specifications on sales slips, customers' orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to
filling orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requisition
additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping containers,
the specific operations performed being dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be
packed, the type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of items
in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following: Knowledge of various items of

stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing and
sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make
wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible for incoming shipments
of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures,
practices, routes, available means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping
records. May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves:
Verifying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices,
or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchandise or
materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary records and files.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m aterials, merchandise, equipment,
or men between various types of establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots,
warehouses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and customers'
houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor
mechanical repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road
drivers are excluded.




follows:

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and type of equipment, as
(Tractor-trailer should be rated on the basis of tra iler capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1V tons)
2
Truckdriver, medium ( l 1* to and including 4 tons)
/
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, tra iler type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than t ra ile r type)

TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered truck or tractor to transport
goods and materials of all kinds about a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WAREHOUSEMAN
As directed, performs a variety of warehousing duties which require an understanding of
the establishment's storage plan. Work involves most of the following: Verifying m aterials (or
merchandise) against receiving documents, noting and reporting discrepancies and obvious damages;
routing materials to prescribed storage locations; storing, stacking, or palletizing materials in
accordance with prescribed storage methods; rearranging and taking inventory of stored materials;
examining stored materials and reporting deterioration and damage; removing material from storage
and preparing it for shipment. May operate hand or power trucks in performing warehousing duties.
Exclude workers whose primary duties involve shipping and receiving work (see shipping and
receiving clerk and packer, shipping), order filling (see order fille r ), or operating power trucks (see
trucker, power).

Area Wage Surveys
A lis t o f the la te s t a v a ila b le b u lle tin s o r b u lle tin su p p lem en ts is p r e s e n te d b e lo w .
A d ir e c t o r y o f
S ta n d a rd s A d m in is tr a tio n o f the D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on req u est.
B u lle tin s m a y be p u rch a sed
o b ta in ed w ith ou t c o s t, w h e r e in d ic a te d , fr o m B L S re g io n a l o ffic e s .

A rea

B u lle tin n u m b er
and p r ic e *

F ree
A k ro n , O h io , D ec. 1974----------------------------------------------------- ----------------------------- --------Suppl.
A lb a n y S c h e n e c ta d y -T r o y , N . Y ., S ept. 1974------------------------------------------------------------ Suppl.
F ree
F ree
A lb u q u e rq u e , N . M e x ., M a r . 1974 2___________________________ _________________________ Suppl.
A lle n to w n - B e th le h e m —E a s to n , P a .—N .J ., M a y 1974 2 ------ —-------------------------------— ..S u p p l.
F ree
A n a h e im -S a n ta Ana— a rd e n G r o v e , C a lif . , O ct. 1974 1
G
_________________________________ - 1850-9,
85 cen ts
A tla n ta , G a ., M a y 1975 1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1850-25, $1 .0 0
A u stin , T e x . , D e c . 1974_______________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
F ree
B a lt im o r e , M d ., A u g. 1974--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
B e a u m o n t- P o r t A r th u r - O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1974 2 ------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
B illin g s , M o n t., Ju ly 1974 1__________________________________________________________________ 1850-6, 75 cents
B in gh a m ton , N . Y . - P a . , Ju ly 1974---------------------- ----------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
B ir m in g h a m , A la ., M a r . 1975----------------------------------------------------------------------------------Suppl.
F ree
B o is e C it y , Id ah o, N o v . 1973 2 _____ ____ _____________________________________________________Suppl.
F ree
B oston , M a s s ., Aug. 19 7 4 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
F re e
F ree
B u ffa lo , N . Y . , O ct. 1974_______________________________________________________________________Suppl.
B u r lin g to n , V t . , D ec. 1973 2 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Suppl.
F ree
C ant o n , O h io , M a y 1975-------------— ---------------------- ------------ —------------------------------------ Suppl.
F ree
F ree
C h a r le s to n , W . V a . , M a r . 1974 2 ______________________________________________________ _____ Suppl.
C h a r lo t t e , N .C ., Jan. 1974 2 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Suppl.
F ree
C h a tta n o o ga , T e n n .- G a ., S ept. 1974—------------------------------------------------------------------- - Suppl.
F ree
C h ic a g o , 111., M a y 1974 1 _____________________________________________________________________ 1795-27, $ 1.10
C in c in n a ti, Ohi o- K y .— d ., F e b . 1975----------------------------------------------------------------------Suppl.
In
F ree
C le v e la n d , O h io , S ept. 1974 1_________________________________________________________________ 1850-17, $ 1 .0 0
C o lu m b u s, O h io, O ct. 1974_______________________________________ ____________________________Suppl.
F ree
C o rp u s C h r is t i, T e x . , Ju ly 1974 1___________________________________________________________ 1850-3, 75 cents
D a lla s , T e x . , O ct. 1973 2 .................................................................. .............................................Suppl.
F ree
D a lla s F o r t W o rth , T e x . , O ct. 1974________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
F ree
D a ven p o rt R ock Is la n d - M o lin e , Iow a—111., F e b . 1975---------------------------------------------- Suppl.
D a y to n , O h io , D ec. 1974 1 - ........ .... ....... —...................................... .............. .............. ................. 1850-14, 80 cents
D aytona B e a c h , F la . , Aug. 1974 1 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- - 1850-1, 75 cen ts
D e n v e r, C o l o . , D e c . 1973 2---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Suppl.
F ree
D e n v e r- B o u ld o r , C o lo ., D ec. 1974 1------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1850-15, 85 cen ts
Dos M o in e s , Io w a , M a y 1974 2 _______________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
D e tr o it, M ic h ., M a r. 1975 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1850-22, 85 cents
D u rh am , N .C ., D ec. 1973 2____________________________________________________________________ 1795-9, 65 cen ts
F o r t Laudc rd a le - H o lly w o o d and W e s t P a lm B e a c h — o ca R aton , F la . , A p r . 1975 *— 1850-26, 80 cents
B
F o r t W o r th , T e x . , O ct. 1973 2 —---------------------------------- --------------------------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
F r e s n o , C a l i f . 1 3------------------------------------ ----------------------------------------------------------------G a in e s v ille , F la ., Sept. 1974* _______________________________________________________________ 1850-11, 75 cen ts
G re e n B a y , W is ., Ju ly 1974............................................................................................................Suppl.
F ree
G r r r n s b o r o —W in s to n -S a le m — ig h P o in t, N . C ., A u g . 1974 1------------------------------------- 1850-2, 80 cents
H
F ree
G r e e n v ille , S .C ., M a y 1974_____________ ____________________________________________________ Suppl.
H a r tfo r d , C o n n ., M a r . 1975 1_________________________________________________________________ 1850-28, 80 cen ts
H ou ston, T e x . , A p r. 1975------------ --- ------------------------------------------------------------------------Suppl.
F ree
H u n ts v ille , A la ., F e b . 1975------------------------------------------------------------------------------ ------ Suppl.
F ree
In d ia n a p o lis , In d., O ct. 1974__________ ______________________________________________________Suppl.
_
F ree
J a ck so n , M is s . , F e b . 1975 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------— Suppl.
F ree
F ree
J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., D ec. 1974___________________________________________________________ ____ Suppl.
K an sas C ity , M o .- K a n s ., S ept. 1974___________________________________________ __________ . — Suppl.
F ree
F ree
L a w r e n c e —H a v e r h ill, M a s s .—N .H ., June 1974 2------------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
L e x in g t o n - F a y e t t e , K y ., N o v . 1974_____________________________ _____________________ ______ Suppl.
F ree
L it t le R o c k - N o r th L it t le R o c k , A r k ., Ju ly 1973 2 ----------------------------------------------------Suppl.
F ree
L o s A n g e le s —L on g B e a c h , C a l i f . , O ct. 1974------------------------------------------------------- ---- Suppl.
F ree
L o s A n g e le s —Long B e a c h and A n a h eim —
Santa Ana— a rd en
G
G r o v e , C a l i f . , O ct. 1973 2 __________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
L o u is v ille , K y .—In d ., N o v . 1974 1------------------------------------ ----------------------------------- -— 1850-12, 80 cents
L u b b o ck , T e x . , M a r . 1974 2________________ — — --------------------------------------------------- ---- Suppl.
F ree
M a n c h e s te r , N .H ., Ju ly 1973 2 _______________________________________________________________Suppl.
F ree
M e lb o u rn e —T it u s v ille —C o c o a , F l a . , A u g. 1974 1------------------—--------------------------------- 1850-5,
75 cen ts
*
1
2
3

Prices are determined by the Government Printing O ffice and are subject to change.
Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
No longer surveyed.
T o be surveyed.




a r e a w a ge stu d ies in clu d in g m o r e lim it e d stu d ies con du cted at the req u est o f the E m p lo ym en t
fr o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l o ffic e s shown on the back c o v e r .
B u lle tin su pplem en ts m ay be.

A rea

B u lle tin num ber
and p r ic e *

M e m p h is , T en n .—A r k .— i s s . , N o v . 1974———---------------------- — --------—----------------------Suppl.
M
F ree
M ia m i, F l a . , O ct. 1974——----------------------------- —------------------------------------------------------ Suppl.
F ree
M id la n d and O d e s s a , T e x ., Jan. 1974 2 ——---- ——------------ ------- — -----------------------------Suppl.
F ree
M ilw a u k e e , W is ., A p r . 1975 1------------------- ------------------------- ----------------------------------- 1850-21, 85 cents
M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l, M in n .— is ., Jan. 1975 1-------------------------------------------------------- 1850-20, $ 1.05
W
M u sk egon — u sk egon H e ig h ts , M ic h ., June 19742 ------------- —---- . -----------------------------Suppl.
M
F ree
N assau — u ffo lk , N . Y . 1 3 ---------------------------------------------------------------- — ----------------------S
N e w a r k , N .J ., Jan. 1975 1 ____________________________________________________________________ 1850-18, $ 1.00
N ew a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N . J . . Jan. 1974 2 ------------------------------ ---------------- —------------ Suppl.
F ree
F ree
N ew H a ven , C on n ., Jan. 1974 ---------------------------------- ---------- ------ —— -— —----------------Suppl.
N ew O r le a n s , L a ., Jan. 1975------------------ ----------------------------------------------------------------Suppl.
F ree
N ew Y o r k , N .Y .- N .J . 1 3------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------N ew Y o r k and N assau — u ffo lk , N . Y . , A p r . 1974 2----------------------- —-------------------------- Suppl.
S
F ree
P
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B e a c h — o r ts m o u th , V a .—N .C ., M a y 1975------------------------------------- 1850-29, 65 cents
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B e a c h - P o r t s m outh and N e w p o rt N e w s —
H a m p to n , V a ., Jan. 1975__________________________________________________ __________________ 1850-30, 65 cents
N o rth e a s t P e n n s y lv a n ia , A u g. 1974 1----------------------------------------------------------------------- 1850-8,
80 cents
80 cents
O k lah om a C ity , O k la ., A ug. 1974 1 —---------- — ---------------------------------------------------------- 1850-7,
O m ah a, N e b r .— w a , O ct. 1974 1______ ——----------------------—-------------------- —----------------- 1850-10, 80 cents
Io
P a te r s o n —C lifto n —P a s s a ic , N .J ., June 1974---------------------------------------------- — ---------- Suppl.
F ree
F ree
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .—N .J ., N o v . 1974__________________________________________________________ Suppl.
P h o e n ix , A r i z . , June 1974 2-------- ------------------------------------------------- —------------------------ Suppl.
F ree
F ree
P itts b u rg h , P a . , Jan. 1975---------------------------------------- ,------------ ----- -------------------------- Suppl.
P o r tla n d , M a in e , N o v . 1974_____________________________________________ ____ ________________ Suppl.
F ree
P o r tla n d , O r e g .- W a s h ., M a y 1974 1 ________________________________________________________ 1795-26, 85 cents
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N . Y . 1 3------------------------------------------------------------ ——---------------------------F ree
P o u g h k e e p s ie —K in g s to n -N e w b u rg h , N . Y . , June 1974---------- -------------------------------------Suppl.
P r o v id e n c e —W a rw ic k —P a w tu c k e t, R .I.—M a s s ., June 1975---------------—----------------------- 1850-27, 75 cents
R a le ig h , N .C ., D e c . 1973 1 2 _________________________________________________________________ 1795-7, 65 cents
R a le ig h —D u rh am , N .C ., F e b . 1975----------------------------------------- -------------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
R ich m o n d , V a ., M a r . 1974 1 — —----------- ---------------------------------------------- ------ ------------ 1795-25, 80 cents
R iv e r s id e —
San B e r n a r d in o — n ta rio , C a lif., D ec. 1973 2 -------— ------------------------------- Suppl.
O
F ree

Rockford, 111., June 19742 — —

------- -------------------- ---- ---------- ------- — -------- Suppl.

Free

St. L o u is , M o .—111., M a r . 1975__________ —---------------------------------— -------— ----------------Suppl.
F ree
S a c ra m e n to , C a l i f . , D ec. 1974 1 ----------------------------------------------------------—------------------ 1850-19, 80 cents
S agin aw , M ic h ., N o v . 1974 1 ---------------------------------------------------------------------- ------------- 1850-16, 75 cents
S a lt L a k e C ity — gd en , U tah, N o v . 1974------------------------------ ------------------------------------- Suppl.
O
F ree
San A n ton io, T e x . , M a y 1975-------- —------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1850-23, 65 cents
San D ie g o , C a lif., N o v . 1974 1______ ________________________________ — — -------------------------- 1850-13, 80 cents
San F r a n c is c o -O a k la n d , C a lif., M a r . 1974-----------------------—-------------------------Suppl.
F ree
—------------------------ Suppl.
F ree
San J o s e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1974________________________________
Savannah, G a ., M a y 1974 2 ___________________________________________________ — ----------------- Suppl.
F ree
S cra n to n , P a . , Ju ly 1973 1 2___________________________________________________________________ 1795-3, 55 cents
S ea ttle—E v e r e t t , W a s h ., Jan. 1975___________________________ — ----- ----------------- ------------ Suppl.
F ree
Sioux F a l l s , S. D a k ., D ec. 1973 2 ______ — --------------------------- ------------- ----------------------Suppl.
F ree
South B en d , In d ., M a r . 1975— ----- --------—------------------------- —--------- -------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
Spokane, W a s h ., June 1 9 7 4 *—------------------------------------------.S u p p l.
F ree
S y ra c u s e , N . Y . , Ju ly 1974 1________-_______________________________________ __________________ 1850-4, 80 cents
Tam pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F la ., A u g. 1973 2 —
----------------------------------------------------------------Suppl.
F ree
T o le d o , O h io— ic h ., A p r. 1974____ ___ ________________________ —---------- —_______ __________Suppl.
M
F ree
T r e n to n , N .J ., Sept. 1974------------------- -------------------------------- — _________________________ Suppl.
F ree
M
F ree
W a sh in gton , D .C .— d .—V a . , M a r . 1974__ -________________ ___ ___ ____________. . . ___________ Suppl.
W a te r b u r y , C on n ., M a r . 1974 2 _______________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
W a t e r lo o , Io w a , N o v. 1973 1 2 ______ ____ -___________________-— _________________ ___________ 1795-5,
60 cents
W e s tc h e s te r C ou n ty, N .Y 3-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------W ic h ita , K a n s ., A p r . 1975-------------Suppl.
F ree
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., M a y 1975 1---------------------------------------- ---- — —--------- -------— -------- 1850-24, 80 cents
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1974___________________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
Y ou n gstow n —W a r r e n , O h io, N o v . 1973 2 ----- ------------------------— ---------—---- ----------------Suppl.
F ree

THIRD CLASS MAIL
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20212

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

OFFICIAL BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE $300

LAB-441

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S
Region I
1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone:2 23-6 761 (Area Code 61 7)
Connecticut
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Verm ont

Region V
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Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 3 12 )
Illinois
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Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
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New Jersey
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555 G riffin Square Building
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P ho ne:749-3516 (Area Code 2 14 )
Arkansas
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P.O. Box 13 309
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Phone: 597-1154 (Area Code 2 15)
Delaware
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Regions V II and V I I I
Federal Office Building
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V II
Iowa
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V III
Colorado
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Region IV
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Atlanta, Ga. 30 309
Phone:526-5418 (Area Code 4 04)
Alabama
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Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
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Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 4 15)
IX
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X
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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102