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3

AREA WAGE SURVEY
San Antonio, Texas, Metropolitan Area
May 1975
Bulletin 1850-23




DOCUMENT COLLECTION
DEC 1 ^ 1975
Dayton & Montgomery Co.

Public Library

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
_ _ Bureau of Labor Statistics




Preface
This bu lletin p r o v id e s re su lts o f a M ay 1975 s u r v e y o f o ccu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s in the
San A n ton io, T e x a s, Standard M etrop olita n S ta tistica l A r e a (B e x a r , C om a l, and Guadalupe
C ou n ties). The su rv e y w as m ade as p a rt o f the B u reau o f L a b o r S ta t is t ic s ' annual a re a
w age su rv e y p r o g r a m .
The p r o g r a m is design ed to y ie ld data fo r individual m e tro p o lita n
a r e a s , as w e ll as national and reg ion a l estim a tes fo r all Standard M etrop olita n S ta tistica l
A r e a s in the United States, exclu din g A lask a and H aw aii.
A m a jo r co n s id e ra tio n in the a rea w age su r v e y p r o g r a m is the need to d e s c r ib e
the le v e l and m ov em en t o f w ages in a v a riety o f la b o r m a r k e ts , through the a n a lysis o f
(1) the le v e l and d istrib u tion o f w ages by occu p a tion , and (2) the m o v e m e n t o f w ag es by
o ccu p a tion a l c a te g o r y and skill le v e l.
The p r o g r a m d e v e lo p s in fo rm a tio n that m a y be u sed
fo r m any p u r p o s e s , including w age and sa la ry a d m in istra tio n , c o lle c t iv e b a rg a in in g , and
a s sista n c e in d eterm in in g plant lo c a tio n . Survey r e s u lts a lso are u sed by the U .S. D ep artm en t
o f L a b or to m ake w age d eterm in a tion s under the S e r v ic e C o n tr a c t A c t o f 1965.
C u rren tly , 82 a rea s are included in the p r o g r a m .
(See lis t o f a r e a s on in sid e ba ck
c o v e r .)
In each a rea , occu p a tion a l earn ings data are c o lle c t e d annually. In form a tion on
esta b lish m en t p r a c tic e s and su pplem en tary w age b e n e fits is obtain ed e v e r y th ird y e a r .
E ach y e a r after all individual area w age s u r v e y s have been c o m p le te d , two su m ­
m a r y bu lletin s are is su e d .
The fir s t b rin gs to g e th e r data fo r each m e tro p o lita n a r e a
s u rv e y e d .
The secon d su m m ary bu lletin p r e se n ts n ational and r e g io n a l e s tim a te s , p r o ­
je c te d fr o m individual m etrop olita n area data.
The San A ntonio su rvey w as condu cted by the B u r e a u 's re g io n a l o ffic e in D a lla s,
T e x ., u nder the g en era l d ir e c tio n o f Boyd B. O 'N ea l, A s s o c ia t e A s s is ta n t R eg ion a l D ir e c to r
fo r O p e ra tio n s.
The su rv e y could not have been a c c o m p lis h e d w ithout the c o o p e r a tio n o f the
m any fir m s w h ose w age and sa la ry data p rov id ed the b a s is fo r the s ta tis tic a l in form a tion in
this b u lletin .
The B u reau w ish es to e x p r e s s s in c e r e a p p re c ia tio n f o r the c o o p e r a tio n
r e c e iv e d .

Note:
R e p o rts on occu p ation al earn ings in the San A n ton io a r e a a re av ailab le fo r laun dry
and d r y clean in g occu p a tion s (M ay 1975) and the m ov in g and s t o r a g e in du stry (M ay 1975).
A ls o av ailab le are lis tin g s o f union w age ra tes fo r b u ildin g tr a d e s , prin tin g tr a d e s , lo c a ltra n sit op era tin g e m p lo y e e s , lo c a l tr u ck d r iv e rs and h e lp e r s , and g r o c e r y s t o r e e m p lo y e e s .
F r e e c o p ie s o f th ese are available fr o m the B u re a u 's r e g io n a l o f f i c e s .
(See b a ck c o v e r
fo r a d d r e s s e s .)

AREA W AGE SURVEY

Bulletin 1850-23
August 1975

U.S. D E P A R TM E N T O F LA B O R , John T . Dunlop, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS, Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

San Antonio, Texas, Metropolitan Area, May 1975
CONTENTS

Page

In t r o d u c t io n

2

T a b le s :

E a rn in g s:
A - 1. W eek ly earn in gs o f o ffic e w o r k e r s __ _________________________________. ______ . __ . ___ . __________________ . ________ ______ __
A - 2 . W eek ly earn in gs o f p r o fe s s io n a l and te ch n ica l w o r k e r s ..______________________________________________________ __________
A - 3. A v e r a g e w eek ly earn in gs o f o ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l w o r k e r s , b y s e x ________
A - 4. H o u rly earn in g s o f m aintenance and p ow er pi ant w o r k e r s ___________________
A - 5. H o u rly earn in g s o f cu stod ia l and m a te r ia l m ov em en t w o r k e r s ..________________________________________________________
A - 6. A v e r a g e h ou rly earn ings o f m ain ten an ce, pow erp lan t, c u s to d ia l, and m a te r ia l m ov em en t w o r k e r s , by s e x ________
A - 7. P e r c e n t in c r e a s e s in average h ou rly earn ings fo r se le cte d o ccu p a tion a l g ro u p s, adjusted fo r em p loym en t s h ifts.. 10
_

A.

A pp en d ix A .
A pp en d ix B .




3
5
6
7
8
9

S cop e and m ethod o f s u r v e y ________________________________________________________________________________________________ 11
O ccu p a tion a l d e s c r ip t io n s ________________________________________________________________________________ _________________ 13

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington, D. C. 20402, GPO Bookstores, or
BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover. Price 65 cents. Make checks payable to Superintendent o f Documents.

Introduction
and material movement. In the 31 largest survey areas, tables A -la
through A-6a provide similar data for establishments employing 500
workers or more.

This area is 1 of 82 in which the U.S. Department of Labor's
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings and
related benefits on an areawide basis. In this area, data were ob­
tained by a combination of personal visit, mail questionnaire, and
telephone interview. Representative establishments within six broad
industry divisions were contacted: Manufacturing; transportation, com­
munication, and other other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail
trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major industry
groups excluded from these studies are government operations and
the construction and extractive industries. Establishments having fewer
than a prescribed number of workers are omitted because of insufficient
employment in the occupations studied. Separate tabulations are provided
for each of the broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

Following the occupational wage tables is table A -7 which
provides percent changes in average earnings of office clerical work­
ers, electronic data processing workers, industrial nurses, skilled
maintenance workers, and unskilled plant workers. This measure of
wage trends eliminates changes in average earnings caused by employ­
ment shifts among establishments as well as turnover of establishments
included in survey samples. Where possible, data are presented for all
industries, manufacturing, and nonmanufacturing. Appendix A discusses
this wage trend measure.

A-series tables

Appendixes

Tables A -l through A-6 provide estimates of straight-time
hourly or weekly earnings for workers in occupations common to a
variety of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupations
were selected from the following categories: (a) Office clerical, (b) pro­
fessional and technical, (c) maintenance and powerplant, and (d) custodial

This bulletin has two appendixes. Appendix A describes the
methods and concepts used in the area wage survey program and
provides information on the scope of the survey. Appendix B provides
job descriptions used by Bureau field economists to classify workers in
occupations for which straight-time earnings information is presented.




A. Earnings
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in San Antonio, Tex., May 1975
Weekly earnings
(standard)
Number
of
workers

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv isio n

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

1

N um ber o f w o rk e rs re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e w eek ly earnings o f—
S

S
70

Mean *
■

Median^

Middle ranged

$
80

S
90

s

%

100

110

s

s

120

130

S

140

ISO

s

S

160

s

$
170

180

S

S

190

200

s

$
210

220

S

S

230

240

S
250

S
260

and
under

SO _

270
and

90

100

no

120

130

*

140

150

160

170

is o

270 over

220

230

240

250

260

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13

190

200

210

ALL WORKERS
BILLERS* MACHINE (BILLING

$
$
70.0U — 0 0 .0 0
1

$
$
1 0 3 .0 0

77
49

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINF OPERATORS*

DC
CO

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
NONMANUr ACTUHINo

4 0 .0

CLERKS* ACCOUNTING* CLASS A ----- -------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------------------L
i

lucrcrvo* urcucrr — — — — — — — — — —
—
—— —
—
11 W M* 1UKJIN'* —
*— Ur V
—
AJAAlii A Alt IP A^TI IQTAl/t
NUNMANUr AC 1UKINU
LULni\o $

r m

nuLL

—

—

—

-w w w -

--------

NONMANUFACTURING
-----------------------

k lflk iU AMI IP A A T I |Q fk | C

NUNMANUr AC 1UKINU

i
:

—

PUBLIC UTILITIES
SECRETARIES* CLASS A

—

-----------------—

07
OO

CA
DO
17
41
c
D

7f
47

A
7

77
49
7
•

9
A
7

17
3
14

7
i

Aa

71
47
7
4

A

7A
40

*
4

-

^o d
Dt * c
3 9 .5

9 3 .0 0
9 3 .0 0

9 0 .0 0
9 0 .0 0

AC A ll. QQ AA
obowO* yo*uu
8 5 . 0 0 - 9 8 .0 0

1
40*0 1 1 9 .0 0 1 1 2 .0 0 1 0 4 .0 0 — 3 0 .0 0
191 a A— c A A A
1
4 0 .0 1 3 3 .0 0 1 2 2 .0 0 l c l # 0 0 * 1 Du*00
1
40*0 1 1 4 .5 0 1 1 2 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 — 2 0 .0 0

1J g
1
C7
Df

lcy *U 0
40*0 1 2 4 .0 0 l Da aa
n o aa
40*0 1 1 7 .0 0 llOtUO
40*0 1 2 9 .5 0 1 c o * 0 0
l D A AA

37
147
2

*
“

1AC
1H9
138

55
cc
DD

0
o
J

65
65

61
61

79
47
17

6

40
1
39

77
jj
0
c
77
Dl

103
10
93

6

"

*

6
6

7pA
OCT
ca
DO
268

Q7 . 0 0 — I Q AA
39*5 1 1 1 .0 0 1 0 6 .0 0
7 f AA_I
110*00
l 97 AA lCO.UO IVlHoOU*HUtv\l
40*0 1c 4 » 0 v 1 9A AA 7AA AA.IAfl AA
39*5 1 0 8 .5 0 1 0 4 .0 0
9 7 . 0 0 - 1 1 6 .0 0

OC
09

-

22
1
21

CUD
AAD
OQ 1

CA
77#PU
9 9 .0 0

QD*UQ
t c AA
9 2 .0 0

AO AHa IAA.AA
oa*UU*lUO*UU
8 6 . 0 0 - 1 0 6 .0 0

3 9 .5 1 4 1 .5 0
40*0 146*50
70 C
140*00
4 0 .0 183*00

1 3 8 .0 0
1 4 8 .0 0
179 Cn
1 J C .9 0
1 8 6 .5 0

1 2 0 .5 0 - 1 5 5 .5 0
1c o . 9 0 . 17AD. 0AA
9 / Ca
l
- 0 c
0
7c a . O O - 1 9 H . UAa
1D
0 AA«7Cii
O
1 5 6 .0 0 - 2 1 1 .5 0

a
O
A
O

7C
OD

-

32
-

DC
DD
7A
17

4

DD
CD
D7
cl

1
7

1

7

O
c
D
C

-

-

13
13

-

-

-

-

-

-

14

14

17

3
2
1
1

5
1
4
4

1

3

-

4

*

2

1
1

1
l

31

D7
Dl
Dl
Dl

0

1c
l9

c

g

2

1
1
4

c
D
c
D

70
fO

DO
CO

D1
cl
1D
4c

82

CA
□7
D
56

21

9

7A
40
1D
4C
4

A

1C
ID
63

94
CO
26

1A
40
9

D
C

7

2

1

6

2
2

1

1

8

56
6

145
14

208

130
DT.
CA

126
9C
C9

132

7AA
400

1A4
10 1

■
3

J
e
9

Ca
DO

1d 1
I 9!

74

7
9

4

77
DD
7 7C
4 9D

*

D
c
D

5
7

1
1

-

4

D
D

1

7
9

1

3

1

7

7

i

60

57

25

D7
D1
1A 4
40 7

DD
DC
DA
CO

DO
CO
D7
CO

D
C
DD
CD

2

5

->
D
4

A
T

7A
10
4

14
8

17
16

2

6

3

3

10

9

4

2

17

20

23

7

7
4

2

1
4

13

11
44

3

8

3

2

7

4

2

8

19

2

17

6

2

2

4

3

2

17

16

24

32

14

1

3

1

10

9A
CU
11

I c
4D
1D
4C

33
25

O
c

35
14
Dl
c7

53

7 9
47

43
9

j

3

1

-

-

Q

7r
DA

g

7c
4D
1 9
47

1
4

7
4

13

A

A
*

c

-

-

1
1

D

-

-

-

-

-

2

40*0 144*50 1 4 4 .0 0 1 2 7 .5 0 - 1 6 2 .0 0

I A 7 •A A
4O J - U 0
7Da * D U « i r a . a a
4£v c a 4DO*Uv

7

3

-

7 AA * A A a
1 t Q U \)

7

14
77
ID

-

1 <%A . 00
190 AA
17A
n
4 J 0 . 9sU

A1
41
24
17

16
7C
ID

-

1A 1 aa
H I *vv

6
A
O
6

Q
7

13
13

-

1C l * D v
4 D 4 CA

7

A

68
55

-

AA A
H O tU
7Q .C

4

25
07
CD

-

3 9 .5

3
1
7

7A
1*
OA
c0

153*00 1 5 1 .5 0 1 3 0 .0 0 - 1 7 0 .0 0
1 AD* D U 1 7 A . A A 4 7 7 *C a .} ~1 7 A *A A
4 0 c CA i » o uo 1 D D D <
4 rO . U v
148*50 1 5 0 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 - 1 6 2 .0 0

4 0 .0
AA A
*HJ*0

71

1

3

2
j

-C
D

16

10
7

-

DO
DA

1

3

1D
1c
7
4
71
11

1 r

-

107

27 4
96
178

Q ft

25
58
16

24
4
Da
*0

11
11

*

70 a
J7«U
3 9 .0

7 AO
107
51
138

A7
4
7A
J7

39*5 1 2 7 .5 0 1 1 7 .0 0 1 1 2 .5 0 - 1 3 2 .5 0
1 19 AA
i io A A - 1 a C a
n
39*0 1 2 7 .0 0 1 1 C .0 0 1 1 A •o o — Do .9 0

Al
o i

8
7
9

9

-

164
1AA

--------- -------------------

-----------------------------

1
1

l i1 9 .0 0n -U n .0 0
1 e A — i i 0 aa
QQ .0 0 —
7 0 A ll-IJA AA
ICO.0 0
1 1 AA 1**1.9 0
1 1 /6 .0C —.W il CA

nHWVr MV, VU R 1 I V
19




7Qa
170
53
137
46

-

t

77

See footnotes at end o f tables.

26
D
C
DA
CT
4

09 .0 0 — 0n .n A
7 C A n .tA 0 .0 0
1
OC .0 0 — 0 0 .0 0
7 O AA»1An AA
1

------------- -------------------------------

n « m u r * v i u r iiT \ j — "
AlAklU A All i r A T T l IDTKI/^
N U N M A N U r A C 1U K I N U

66
A
O
AA
OQ
6

-

QA .9 0
7 0 CA
9 6 .0 0

NONMANUFACTURING
SECRETARIES* CLASS B

57
37
Da
co

07 .0 0
» r AA
Qf . CA
7 0 SO

80

——

85
Q
7
7^
95

7Q a
j7 fQ
39*0

1*00 8

——

-

15

7
4

77
49

3
21

SECRETARIES ----------------------------------------------n u n u r s v .iu n in u
n u n n n r a u r m v # iu r t

7D
1c
11

1 4£*DU
7 0 .0 0 — ICO.0 0
40*0 1 1 1 .5 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 0 1 .0 0 - 1 1 8 .0 0
9 8 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 2
40*0 1 1 3 .0 0 1 0 8 .0 0
l 9 t AA 1 1 0 AAolflA AA
1
40*0 1 3 8 .0 0 1e 7 »uo 17 a .0 0 — 0 0 .0 0

i

S ’

i
i
i
i
i
i
i
i

11

NONMANUFACTURING

i
i
i
i
i
i
•
i

NONMANUFACTURING

i
i
i
i
i
t
i
i
i
i
i
i
i

i
i
i
i
i
i
i
i
i

IfCVDI liiru OrtKA 1UKat M »CP C •••••••
IxtTHUNCn AQf datad c _ CL.Abb y'
uAkll irA^Tl ID
TKIQ
MANUrAC 1UK1NU
y r e O C l l A C D C ••••••••«
Mc.b5t.NUt.Kb ___ ___ ____

1 3 5 .0 0
40*0 1 7 0 .5 0 1 6 3 .0 0 1 4 9 .0 0 - 1 9 3 .5 0

20
A
7
77
44
6

Da
CQ
74
lO

703
189
Ai\A
OU4
*
1 1Q
XI7

9D

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS* CLASS A

1 2 8 .0 0 1 1 6 .0 0 - 1 4 4 .0 0

1A
40

"

299
CO
07
ODA
cDO

—

!i
i i
i i
! 1
1 1
11
1 1
1 1
1 1
1 1
1
1

r*

9 2 .0 0 -llc .0 0

1 CA
154

___r__

)

n cdi/ c cti
n acc
ILtKtvbt r I L t t vLAbb
NONMANUFACTURING

34

40*0 1 3 3 .5 0

1 0 4 .0 0

oco
CW
U
3 -JQ
COT

MANUFACTURING — --------------------------------iNunnAnur f\\* i im&iNu
Q ini »A UTILI1IC :b
|
««
KUMLII tlTTl TTTt:c
f j pdk’ c ^ r I L f t. l LAdo 0 ^
pti t
n acc
MAily A M IP A l 1UKIIMb
l
NUNMANUr AATI IQT kl#l

312

1 0 4 .5 0

7
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

*

-

Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

of
orkers

Average
weekly
hours*
(standard)

Number o f w o rk e rs re ce iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e w eek ly earn in gs o f—
S

$
70

Mean ^

Median ^

Middle ranged

$

S

S

S

S

$

$

$

S

S

S

$

S

S

S

S

S

1

$

80

90

100

110

120

130

140

ISO

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

over

1
1

1
1

1
1

3
3

—

-

4
4

•

3
3

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

and
under
80

and

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
SECRETARIES - CONTINUED
SECRETARIES# CLASS C -----------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

231
170

$
$
$
$
3 9 .5 1 4 0 .5 0 1 3 4 .0 0 1 1 9 .5 0 -1 5 5 .0 0
3 9 .5 1 4 2 .5 0 1 3 3 .5 0 1 1 9 .5 0 -1 5 5 .0 0

SECRETARIES# CLASS D ---------- —
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

396
364

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 3 6 .5 0 1 2 8 .0 0 1 1 8 .5 0 -1 4 7 .0 0
1 3 7 .0 0 1 2 9 .0 0 1 1 9 .0 0 -1 4 7 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS# GENERAL -----------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

344
25
319

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 7 .0 0 1 1 2 .5 0
1 2 7 .5 0 1 2 6 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0 112 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS* SENIOR ------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

104
87

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 5 0 .0 0 1 5 2 .0 0 1 2 7 .0 0 -1 7 5 .5 0
1 5 4 .5 0 1 5 7 .0 0 1 3 9 .0 0 -1 8 2 .0 0

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS* CLASS A ----

43

3 9 .0

1 2 0 .5 0

1 1 8 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 -1 3 1 .0 0

-

-

3
2

11
5

45
36

52
40

29
21

16
12

31
18

18
12

10
8

5
5

1
1

“

-

3
1

24
24

82
77

96
93

46
45

55

-

54

54
54

2
2

2
2

3
3

4
4

8
8

13
13

58
3

52

11
1
10

5

4

_

1

l

1

12

22
4
18

1
4

4

-

1

1

1

17
17

8
8

15
11

7
7

22
22

12

4

17

84

-

-

-

4

17

84

46
7
39

55

47

26
4
22

-

.

-

1
-

2
-

18
12

8
5

6
5

-

2

11

10

9

3

6

2

4
4

59
59

40
33

33
32

17
16

12
12

2
2

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 9 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0
1 0 7 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0
9 8 .0 0
1 0 0 .5 0

9 0 .0 0 - 1 1 0 .0 0
9 2 .0 0 - 1 1 2 .0 0
9 0 .0 0 - 1 0 2 .5 0

-

35
8
27

53
19
34

36
13
23

23
12
11

12
2
10

6
1
5

-

-

162
125

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 1 2 .0 0 1 1 0 .5 0
1 1 1 .5 0 1 0 9 .5 0

1 0 2 .5 0 -1 2 2 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0 -1 2 2 .0 0

•

_

-

-

33
29

44
37

35
20

36
25

14
14

201
192

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

9 4 .5 0
9 4 .5 0

8 8 .5 0 - 1 0 3 .5 0
8 8 .5 0 - 1 0 3 .5 0

64
60

52
51

55
52

21
21

4
3

2
2

SWITCHBOARO OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING------------- ----NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

174
62
112

TYPISTS# CLASS A -----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------TYPISTS# CLASS 8 ---------- -------MONMANUFACTURING ---------------

9 8 .0 0
9 8 .0 0

-

«

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

26
26

9 5 .5 0
9 5 .5 0

-

-

2

-

8 1 .5 0 - 1 0 6 .0 0
8 0 .5 0 - 1 0 6 .0 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

-

5
5

5

9 0 .0 0
9 0 .0 0

194
185




-

-

-

SWITCHBOARO OPERATORS# CLASS B ---NONMANUFACTURING — — -----------

See footnotes at end of tables.

9 3 .0 0 - 1 2 7 .0 0
1 0 7 .0 0 -1 3 2 .5 0
9 3 .0 0 - 1 2 6 .5 0

•

-

•

3
3

2

3
3

Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
mber

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N um ber o f w o rk e rs re c e iv in g stra ig h t-tim e w eekly earnings o f—
S

$

$

no

S

S

S

S

S

rkers

130

140

150

140

.150

160

90
Mean

i

Median 2

Middle ranged

100

S

S

S

S

$

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

260

280

300

320

340

IT0_

18Q

190

-200-

210

220

230

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

2
2

4
4

2

120

_ 10&-- U SL - H Q — 130
_

Occupation and industry division

2

-

8

-

10

4

1

2

1

5

41
41

21
21

6
6

13
13

2
2

-

3
3

8
8

and
under

—

ALL WORKERS
COMPUTER OPERATOR,St CLASS A
NONMANUFACTURING --------

34
30

$
$
$
$
3 9 ,0 174 .5 0 1 7 0 .0 0 1 5 1 .5 0 -1 8 5 .5 0
3 9 ,0 1 7 6 .5 0 1 7 6 .0 0 1 5 9 .0 0 -1 9 4 .0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORSt CLASS b
NONMANUFACTURING ------—

89
77

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING — ------

—•

-

-

-

—

«•

-

-

-

-

—

-

11
8

4
4

3
3

8
7

2
2

3 9 ,5 1 3 5 .0 0 1 3 2 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 -1 4 5 .0 0
3 9 ,0 13 3 .5 0 1 2 8 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 -1 4 0 .0 0

_

.

-

-

14
14

30
27

16
16

12
7

6
6

4
-

4
4

1
1

2
2

86
82

3 9 ,0 1 2 0 .5 0 116 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 -1 3 1 * 0 0
3 9 ,0 1 2 0 .5 0 1 1 6 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 -1 3 1 .0 0

2
2

19
18

26
26

12
12

19
16

5
5

2
2

-

1
1

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ~

35

3 9 ,0 2 6 2 .0 0 2 5 1 .5 0 2 2 3 .0 0 -2 8 2 .0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS 8 ~
NONMANUFACTURING -

178
165

3 9 .0 2 3 1 .0 0 2 3 4 .5 0 2 0 7 .0 0 -2 5 6 .0 0
3 9 .0 2 3 4 .5 0 2 4 0 .0 0 2 0 7 .0 0 -2 6 0 .0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C —
NONMANUFACTURING —

49
47

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

DRAFTERS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING -

68
61

DRAFTERS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -

120
103

DRAFTERS, CLASS C
MANUFACTURING -

80
74

See footn otes at end o f ta b le s .




_
-

-

-

-

-

-

11
11

4

4 0 .0 2 0 6 .0 0 2 1 3 .0 0 1 7 0 .0 0 -2 2 6 .0 0
4 0 .0 2 0 7 .0 0 2 1 7 .0 0 1 7 0 .0 0 -2 2 6 .0 0

•

.

»

.

-

-

-

-

4 0 .0 160 .5 0 1 5 6 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0 -1 7 0 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 6 2 .5 0 1 5 8 .0 0 1 5 3 .0 0 -1 7 0 .0 0

.

-

_

-

-

4
-

1 3 4 .5 0 1 3 2 .0 0 1 1 9 .0 0 -1 6 0 .0 0
1 35.00 1 3 2 .0 0 1 1 6 .5 0 -1 6 0 .0 0

8
8

*

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 0 .0 0 1 3 8 .0 0
14 0 .0 0 1 3 8 .0 0

1 2 0 .0 0 -1 6 5 .5 0
1 2 0 .0 0 -1 6 5 .5 0

—
13
12

5

15
11

—

3
3

6
6

3
2

5

6

—

5

2
1

8
8

22
19

14
14

12
11

14
13

14
14

3
3

1
-

15
15

1
1

1
1

.

-

12
12

4
4

8
6

1
-

4
2

14
12

12
12

-

12
6

52
48

17
17

21
21

2
1

12
10

•

•

14
14

8
8

-

22
21

_

_
-

-

_

-

-

Sex, occupation, and industry division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

N ber
um
of
w
odcen

A
verage
(m
ean2)
W
eekly
W
eekly
boon* earning!1
(ftan ard (ftan ard
d )
d )

MtN

CLERKS* ACCOUNTING* CLASS

46

$
40*0 139*50

Sex, occupation, and industry division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS W EN— CONTINUED
OM
KEYPUNCH OPERATORS* CLASS A ----------—
NONMANUFACTURING — —
— ------—

CLERKS* ACCOUNTING, CLASS d — —

26

40*0 107*50

SEv RLTAk IL j
39 0
39*0 100*50
PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------------------ficcr/'C
lOtTmue _
l»rr l t t OtCUrAliONS — women
BILLEPS, MACHINE (BILLING
------------------------—
-----------------------BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
CLASS B
fM fN iw Q |V *
U lviA r W jrr
— —CLERKS* ACCOUNTING* CLASS
HANUr H . 1urf 1IMO----------—
V
-----------------------NONMANUFACTURING
r u n u iv u i i l i • i c j —-----CLERKS* ACCOUNTING, CLASS
------------- —----------------------------------

NONM
ANUFACTURING
PUBLIC U T X L IIlto
CLERKS* FILE* CLASS B — — — — —
NONMANUrAwTUrINh ••••*•*••••••••
Ai r n i / e
CLERKS* e*Ti c
FILE* 01 a C C O ______ ______ _ —______
CLAoo C
AlAklUA Ip A T T IID T k|/l
kll
NUNMANUrAC1UKXNo ••••••*•*••••••

maaiu aaii 1CAwT l • • • •
NONMANUr AO 1 IQTM/i

••*••••••••

CLERKS* PAYROLL — — — — — — — —
MANUFACTURING----- -----------------------------AlAilu A kll IP AwT lUKT klft •••••••••••••••
NONMANUr A O 1 IO1 N it ____ __ ^ _—______________

1A 9U
T
1U1oen

49
31
?
266
44

AA A
40 # Q 102*50

C C .C

40 •0 132*50
CA
l
40 #0 1 c J#DQ
40 • 0 11A A A

31

I wO i j U

767
176
CQ1
w "l
1 1A
1 io

AA.A
• > V tv
40 • 0
aa . a
H U #U

oco
C JC
OTQ
c oo

IQ A
j7 fU
39# 0

112*50
lip .A f t
XIcoUU
11
iiJ tQ U
CA
40 •0 1
97*00
96*50

144
121

70 c

115
89

3 9 #5 11a*.c U
A I* 3 n
111 . C A
A il*9U

t it
50
63

AA

9 3 .0 0
93*00

A
•K/tv 123*00
40#0 112*00
1 1 9 . AV
lvc*D A

o cro cT io T cc_ n ic e A ------- —
.---------------------SEvKtTAHlc.bf LLAbb a
MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------- ---------------SECRETARIES* CLASS B — --------— -------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUr AC 1UK1No — — — —
— —

70 Q XXX*uu TVDTCTC t*1 ICC Q
111 AA 1T r l b l b y CLAbb o
AA A Xcc*?U
NUNMANUrAw1UKXNU **• •• ■
***• •*
M •U 19 9 aCA
U
70 c 108*50
DDAPPCCTAKIAI aM lc.UnNXWAl»
H
rKUrtbbXvNAL ANU TPrUMlTM
ia I•U
AmiDATTAMC • MtN
1 •AA^ 39*5 4 Vi.A n
U
X§ UW3
UWvUrATIUNo M upKI
one
14A.CA
ttO*9v
C \JO
QU
AA 39*5 139*50 rnuni itch AncftiTAnr CLAoo A — —
COMrUltK OKtKAIOKo* ri srr A
OU
74 40*0 181*00
COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------1A7 AA A 19J*VU
XU f MU* v
NONMANUr ACTURINO — — — — — —
—
— —
36 40*0 162*50
71 3 9 .S 148*50 COMPUTER OPERATORS* CLASS C ------—
NUNMANUr AW1UKXNU •••••• ••••••••
274 40*0 144*50
96 40*0 151*50 COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS*
Cl | T
C kJP C. vLAbb A
C
1fO
X7A 3 Q . C 1 4 1 .An DUbiniubbt ri ACC A m " " J1 *
* ■•••«••

SECRETARIES, CLASS C — -------— —
klAklli A kll IP Aw 1UKXNU •••••• ***• • • • •
NUNMANUr A r T l IQ T hl/1

230
1 07
XAQ

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

f*cr>orTgntcc a* a c o n
______________
SECKcTAKXEbf wLA55 U __ __—
NUNMANUr Aw I UKA NU * ,* » * ,,‘*w • * * * * *

9Q A
J 7 *>
TAT
Jo e

70 U
J 7 0* A

n ai ____ — — ———
STENOoRAPntRb* otNtRAL — —______________
MANUFACTURING--------— —
--------------— —
klAAiti Akll IP A /*TI IO T A i r __________—
NONMANUr AC TUKI No —
— —— — —
—.______________

TAT
CO
717
O i f

AA . A
MU#U
40*0
AA V
MU* A

STENOGRAPHERS* SENIOR — -------------------NONMANUr ACTUKINo — —
— —
— —

104
87

40*0
AA A
MU#U

r t P b iA r o if i u P o c ^

a p a ic

oc

39*0

43

39*0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS 8 — —
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------—

i Q4
185

39*5
3 9 .5

cuT-rrunriAon U p p r A t o d — tf p prp T i V I Ttctc —
o
OWX 1 L n D U A r 'U o r t o a 1
" W t
•ton i 9 1
MANUFACTURING------- --------------------— —
NUNMANUrAw1UKXNU • • • • • • ••••••••

174
62
112

40*0
4 0 .0
40*0

140*00 COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS*
142*00
BUSINESS* CLASS 8 --------------------------------klAklai A kll IP AW1IUKXNu/l • • • • • • —____________* •
NUNMANUr A ^ T ID T M __________ • • • • • • •
136*00
rAyDI )TPD r n U v R AM n C n b f
A J O * 9U Wwnrw1 C K DQAAOW n M FQC *
BUSINESS* CLASS C ----------------------------------------—
K
lftklMA |Paw i u r iino
kll
(«
munnAKur ACTI IDTM
116*00
127*50
1 1 C . C n HDACTrOC* n ACC A
—
—
1I9*9Q UKAr 1tK b f vLAdb A
MANUr Aw I UKX
•*••••••• •*••••••
150*00
1CA C A nDAPTPDC* n ACC D ••••••••*••••••••
C
19**9u UKAr 1tK bt vLAbb o
M IP aw iuiPTKlA
Akll
mAnur Af*T1 n x n o
120*50
HDArTPoc. VLAbb W •••••■*•
UKArItKbt n acc r
MANUFACTURING ----- ------------------------------95*50
9 5 .5 0
PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
fim iDrA 1lUNb e MUnCN
103*00
U ttU A T VllklC * UOMPki
107*00
Ww™rU 1D n rnvvnM nntrib f
100*50 mMPIITPD PDnfiRAMMPPC*
BUSINESS* CLASS B — — — — — —
NONMANUFACTURING — — — — — —

See footnotes at end of tables.




Sex, occupation, and industry division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS W EN— C0NTINUE0
OM
$
TQ.A 19A- AA TVDTCTC. /*| ACC A , .
—
- - ^m
J7#U IcU*QU
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------39*0 1 1 8 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A — —

1C
IA
154

Average
(mean*)

*1i o
J 1o
cc
OO
cOJ

/A A
, I*®

48

Average
(m
ean2)
Nm
u ber
W
eekly
of
W
eekly
in
w rk
o er* boun1 earn g*1
(sta d rd (stan ard
na )
d )

Earnings data in table A -3 relate only to workers whose sex
identification was provided by the establishment. Earnings data in
tables A - l and A - 2, on the other hand, relate to all workers in an
occupation. (See appendix A for publication criteria.)

N ber
um
of
w
odcen

W
eakly
W
eekly
houn 1 earning!1
dard)
(ftan
dard) (ftan

162
125

$
39*5 112*00
39*5 111*50

201
192

lO . 9
J7 *c
39*5

98*00

_

25

39*0 176*50

71
63

39*0 136*00
39*0 135*50

63

39*0 120*50
39*0 120*00

9A
CO

39*0 266*00

1An

7 0 A 977 A A
i 7 l 0 C 1f #VV
m
70 A c J 7 Pa
3“ #0 070 t 5 0

42
41

40*0 140*50
40 #0 140*50

68
61

M V# V

14 0

AAA

C V D *U v
9 0 7 . AA
c v >*uu

119
IIP
95

190 *00
*HJ*U 1K fl.an
4A . n 159*50
vu * u

79
73

Ann
vV*V 134*50
40*0 135*00

29
25

39*0 199*50
39*0 204*50

H rly earn gs3
ou
in

Occupation and industry division

of
w rk
o ers

N um ber o f w o rk e rs re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earnings of—
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
2 .2 0 2*40 2 .6 0 2 .8 0 3 .0 0 3,.2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 . 80 4 . 00 4 .2 0 4 .,40 4 .6 0

M
ean2 M
edian2

M
iddle ran 2
ge

S
S
S
S
S
1
1 -----$
$
T
4«>80 5 .0 0 5 . 20 5 .4 0 5 .6 0 5 . 80 6 .0 0 6 .4 0 6 .8 0 7 .2 0

and
under
2 .4 0 2 .6 0 2 .8 0 3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3.4Q 3 .6 0 3 .8 0 4.Q 0

20 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4*80

5ii00 5*20 5.4Q 5 .6 0 5* 80 6 .0 0 6 .4 0 6 .8 0 7 .2 0 7 ,6 0

ALL WORKERS
CARPENTERS* MAINTENANCE --NONMANUFACTURING -------

39
30

$
4 .3 6
4 .4 7

$
4 .6 4
4 .6 3

$
$
4 . 0 2 - 4 .9 9
4 .0 9 k 4 .8 3

ELECTRICIANS* MAINTENANCE MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING -------

79
52
27

4 .6 9
4 .7 2
4 .6 4

4 .3 8
4 .3 9
4 .1 8

4 . 0 5 - 5 .8 5
4 . 0 6 - 5 .1 7
3 . 2 5 - 5 .8 6

-

ENGINEERS* STATIONARY ----NONMANUFACTURING -------

70
35

4 .4 0
4 .3 3

4 .0 0
4 .1 3

3 . 5 5 - 5 .7 6
3 . 8 4 - 4 .4 5

•
“

HELPERS* MAINTENANCE TRAOES
NONMANUFACTURING -------

125
79

3 .0 9
2 .6 4

2 .7 3
2 .5 0

2 . 3 0 - 3 .1 0
2 . 2 5 - 2 .7 5

33
33

21
11

MECHANICS* AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) -----------MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING — ----PUBLIC UTILITIES -----

268
59
209
90

4 .6 3
3 .8 8
4 .8 4
5 .5 3

4 .7 0
3 .5 5
4 .7 6
5 .1 2

3 .7 4 3 .2 9 4 .3 8 4 .7 6 -

5 .1 2
3 .9 5
5 .2 7
6 .5 5

-

-

MECHANICS* MAINTENANCE ---MANUFACTURING ----------

188
176

4 .3 1
4 .3 0

4 .2 8
4 .2 8

3 . 3 5 - 4 .3 8
3 * 3 5 - 4 .3 8

«
-

-

30
28

3 .3 6
3 .2 5

3 .3 0
3 .3 0

2 . 9 9 - 3 .6 0
2 . 8 8 - 3 .6 0

-

4
4

painters* maintenance

----NONMANUFACTURING -------

See footnotes at end of tables.




—

-

-

•
-

_
-

•

-

7
-

—
•

8
8

•

2
2

11
11

4
4

3
1

2
2

“

11
11

-

2
2
-

6
6
•

11
8
3

11
10
1

4
4
•

_
•
•

8
8
-

1
1
-

2
1
1

“

4
-

8
•

11
3

4
4

7
7

4
4

7
7

4
4

.
*

.
-

-

-

18
18

10
10

19
1

1
1

1
1

_
•

•

6
2

1
1

_
-

20
2
18

23
23
-

14
5
9

16
11
5

7
3
4

11
5
6

15
15
4

4
-

5
5

43
43

3
3

1

“

-

•

.

-

2
2

20
20

3
3

63
62

4
4

_

11
11

_

8
8

-

1
1

•
-

-

•
-

-

“

1
1

14
7
7

-

5
“

•
-

..
_

4

2
2

-

-

-

5
5
-

-

3
•
3

-

10
6

6
-

-

-

-

10

_
-

•

-

-

_

”
16
—
16

•
•

“

-

“

37
1
36
20

27
2
25
8

19

14
•
»
14
6

13
•
13
12

“

-

11
7
4
-

4
4
4

14
•
14
14

6

19
16

10
10

2
•

-

-

-

-

-

34
30

-

-

-

2

_

.

_

_

6
6

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings

Occupation and industry division

1 ------- S
S
s ------- 1 ------- T
"5------- 1 —
T
i
S
S
S
s ------- f
2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .6 0 2 .8 0 3.00 3«>20 3 .40 3 .6 0 3,•80 4 .0 0 4 •20 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 ,8 0 5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5 .6 0 6.•00 6 .4 0 6.80

w rk
o ers

1 ------- 1 -------1 ------ 1 ------- S

S

Nm
u ber
Mean2 M
edian2

M
iddle ran 2
ge

and
under

m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------w a tchm en :
m a n u f a c tu r in g

o

GUARDS:

(X
I

2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .3 0

ALL WORKERS
GUARDS AND WATCHMEN --------------MANUFACTURING -------- ---------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

1 ------- $

2 .6 0 2 ,8 0 3 .0 0 3.20 3i»^0 3 ,60 3.>80 4 •00 4 .2 0 4 ,4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5*00 5,2Q 5.6Q 6*00 6 .4 0 6 .8 0 7*20

652
113
539

$
2 .3 1
2 .8 3
2 .2 0

$
2 .1 3
2 .8 6
2 .1 0

$
2 .1 0 2 .5 5 2 .1 0 -

$
2.A5
3 .1 9
2 .1 5

11

399
2
397

53

53
38
15

27
7
20

44
25
19

14
14
-

16
8
8

-

8
8

2
2

53

25
9
16

-

11

A5

2 .7 0

2 .7 8

2 .A 5 - 2 .8 8

-

2

-

9

6

7

17

1

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-----------------------------------------

68

2 .9 2

2 .8 6

2 .5 5 - 3 .1 9

-

32

-

8

13

5

-

8

2*A50
235
2*215
35

2 .3 3
2 .7 9
2 .2 9
2 .60

2 .2 0
2 .6 0
2 .1 0
2 . A0

2 .1 0 2 .3 0 2 .1 0 2 .1 0 -

2 .4 7
3 .5 7
2 .4 7
3 .0 3

78 1085
36
78 1049
14
-

117
22
95
1

297
29
268

90
34
56

33
10
23
-

-

10
1
9
2

49
38
11

-

36
2
34
7

19
12
7

-

612
30
582
8

-

23
21
2
2

LABORERS* MATERIAL HANDLING ------MANUFACTURING --------- ---— — —
NONMANUFACTURING----- — -— ---

83A
223
611

2 .7 6
2 .9 8
2 .6 8

2 .50
2 .8 0
2.A0

2 .2 5 - 3 .2 0
2 .5 0 - 3 .6 5
2 .2 0 - 3 .0 0

132
14
118

92
17
75

79
11
68

157
46
111

76
10
66

64
46
18

17
17

49
3
46

26
15
11

42
6
36

ORDER FILLERS --------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING- — -----— -—
-

780
63
717

2.7A
2 .9 8
2 .7 2

2 .50
2 .9 7
2.50

2 .2 0 - 2 .9 0
2 .7 5 - 3 .0 5
2 .2 0 - 2 .7 8

129
«
129

99
4
95

54
4
50

no

49
20
29

28
13
15

10
10

3

no

167
12
155

PACKERS* SHIPPING ----------------MANUFACTURING -------------- ----

121
95

2 .6 5
2 .7 3

2*65
2 .6 5

2 .2 5 - 2 .9 0
2 .5 0 - 2 .9 0

-

23
5

8
8

4
4

13
13

22
20

31
28

7
6

-

RECEIVING CLERKS -----------------MANUFACTURING — ------ ------ ---NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

155
A5
110

3 .2 3
3 .0 2
3 .3 2

3 .10
2.70
3 .10

2 .4 5 - 3 .8 5
2 .4 0 - 3.31
2 .5 0 - 3 .8 5

_
-

8
4
4

-

8

22
10
12

13
4
9

-

3

8

13
5
8

18
1
17

13
10
3

SHIPPING CLERKS -------------------

61

3 .3 9

2 .8 5

2 .7 0 - 4 ,5 0

-

-

6

-

4

15

10

-

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS ----MANUFACTURING ------------------

65
29

3 .0 9
3 .1 6

3 .20
3.21

3 .0 0 - 3 .2 5
3 .1 4 - 3 .2 5

-

-

-

2
2

-

10

•
-

TRUCKDRIVERS ---------------------MANUFACTURING - --------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------

2*278
A91
1*787
627

3 .7 7
3 .0 8
3 .9 6
5 .6 2

3 .0 3
3 .0 0
3 .1 5
5 .9 0

2 .7 5 2 .8 5 2 .7 5 5 .0 2 -

TRUCKDRIVERS* LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) -------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---- — — --- ---

272
5A
218

2.AA
3 .3 9
2 .21

2 .2 0
2 .8 2
2 .1 5

2 .1 0 - 2 .5 0
2 .6 0 - 4 .9 1
2 .1 0 - 2 .2 5

TRUCKDRIVERS* MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS) ---------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ----—
PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------

1*161
219
9A2
AAA

A .00
2 .9 8
A.2A
5 .7 9

3 .0 3
3 .0 3
3 .2 5
6 .7 2

2 .7 5 2 .8 5 2 .7 5 5 .0 2 -

5 .9 0
3 .0 3
5 .9 0
6 .7 5

TRUCKDRIVERS* HEAVY (OVER A TONS*
TRAILER TYPE) -----------------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----— ----TRUCKERS* POWER (FORKLIFT) ----— —
MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------- —

711
8A
627
176
A57
183
27A

A.0A
3.30
A.1A
5 .3 5
3 .0 9
3 .0 7
3 .1 1

3 .21
3 .3 0
3.21
5 .0 2
2 .8 5
2 .8 8
2 .7 8

2 .9 0 2 .8 5 2 .9 0 5 .0 2 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .5 0 -

5 .0 2
3 .6 5
5 .0 2
6 .7 5
3 .2 5
3 .1 5
3 .9 5

-

-

=

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

-

-

2

JANITORS* PORTFRS* AND CLEANERS MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------- —
PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------

-

See footnotes at end of tables.




5 .0 2
3 .0 4
5 .1 7
6 .7 5

.
-

.

-

-

-

40
40

109
4
105

-

-

94
1
93
7

32

82
4
78

59

14

32

59

14

8

15

26
-

28

-

8

15

-

-

26
-•

28
4

-

-

-

-

-

12
-

12
12
—
12

-

—

8
8
60
28
32

42
-

42
4

-

-

-

—
19
8
11

-

_

-

1

.

-

-

1
1

-

65
55
10

10

4

8

10

4

8

12

1

26
8
18

33

62

.

2
2

.

-

33

62

8
8

3
2
1

11
3
8

17

S
4
1

4
1
3

2

2

-

-

17

2

2

.
-

-

6

3

-

-

1

1

5

-

8

20
11

29
16

4

258
155
103
34

360
157
203
32

47
22
25

62
11
51
18

21
15
6

13
4
9

34

29

13

18

33

-

—

-

—

—

—

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

•
-

_
-

S

11

3

-

2

3

-

-

-

-

-

352
37
315

31
9
22

20
8
12

9
8
1

6
6

75
8
67
12

222
8
214
-

123
72
51
34

172
112
60
4

31
15
16

35
35

-

6

10
4
6

-

-

8

-

-

-

10

102
13
69
75

69
18

3

-

17
16
1

-

3
-

24
14

52
33

2

26
10
16
10
4
4

14
14

38

150
7
143
28
85

12

51

8

-

3

7
51
6
45

35

40

-

_

3

9
10

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

1

-

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

.

-

-

-

—

-

—

—

-

11

1

1

-

-

1

-

11

-

1

-

—
-

.
-

2

-

-

-

-

6

104

36

282

18

36

282
282

11
11

132
36
96
12

-

-

•
-

1

12

1

12

1

-

-

-

29

13

18

—

—
18
18

13
13

-

-

19
—

19

184
-

-

-

184
128

-

104
88

16
16

•
-

-

6

65

1

88

9
—

6
—•

65
64

1
—

88
88

9
9

—

119
119
64

5
—
5

16
16

—
—
-

-

-

-

9

11

12
—
12

24
16
8

-

34
-

34

—

2

2
25
24
1

—
—

6

4

—

-

18
18

—

230
-

230
— 230

-

—

36

52

18

36
4
•*
«
—

52
52
—

18
18

w

—

-

-




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant,
custodial, and material movement workers, by sex,
in San Antonio, Tex., May 1975
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
wodeers

Average
(mean2 )
hourly
earnings3

Sex, occupation, and industry division

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL M
OVEM
ENT
OCCUPATIONS - M — CONTINUED
EN

maintenance and powerplant

OCCUPATIONS - M N
E

Average
(mean2 )
hourly
earnings3

651
55
596

*
2 .8 3
2 .8 9
2 .8 2

108
82

2 .7 1
2 .8 2

RECEIVING CLERKS----------------------------- —
MANUFACTURING — — — — — —
—
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

143
45
98

3 .2 4
3 .0 2
3 .3 4

3 .0 9
2 .6 4 SHIPPING CLERKS ------- ------ --------------------

55

3 .5 2

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS —
MANUFACTURING ----- ----------------------------

65
29

3 .0 9
3 .1 6

1K CIvU IVCnb ••••••••••••••••••••••
U
K
MANUFACTURING — ------------------------nonmanufacturing ----- — — — —
O > t T r UTILITIcb _______ ________
l O
PUBLIC iitti T T T C C

2*270
491
1.779
619

3 .7 6
3 .0 8
3 .9 5
5 .6 2

TRUCKDRIVERS. LIGHT (UNDER
1 -1 /2 TONS) ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING----- — — — —
——
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

272
54
218

2 .4 4
3 .3 9
2 .2 1

TRUCKDRIVERS* M
EDIUM ( 1 - 1 /2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) -----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------- ------

1*153
219
934
436

3 .9 8
2 .9 8
4 .2 2
5 .7 8

TRUCKDRIVERS* HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS*
TRAILER TYPE) ------------------------------—
MANUFACTURING ----- ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING —
— —
PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------------------

711
84
627
176

4 .0 4
3 .3 0
4 .1 4
5 .3 5

456
182
274

3 .0 9
3 .0 7
3.11

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS ----NONMANUFACTURING ------------------ ---------

762
758

2 .2 7
2.27

ADnro
UKUtK

129

2 .2 8

CARPENTERS. MAINTENANCE ----- — — — —
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

39
30

ELECTRICIANS* MAINTENANCE — —
—
MANUFACTURING -------- ------ — ----- ------NONMANUFACTURING ---------- — ----- -------

79
52
27

$
4*36 ORDER FILLERS-------------------- ----- ------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------4 .4 7
NONMANUFACTURING — — — — — — —
4 .6 9
4 .7 2 PACKERS* SHIPPING----------------------------—
MANUFACTURING — — —
————
4 .6 4

ENGINEERS* STATIONARY — — ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------- — ---------

70
35

4 .4 0
4 .3 3

HELPERS* MAINTENANCE TRADES ----- — —
NONMANUFACTURING ------------- ------------

125
79

MECHANICS. AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING---------— — — ------------U D M U AAI IU At 1 I KT kl
F
N N KIMI* A T T IUD INlJ •••••• **••••**
UM
PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------------------

Number
of
workers

268 4 .6 3
59 3 .8 8
oa 7
C WQ
90 5 .5 3

UATKITCMAUrr
HAlNItNAN^t —
—
—
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

176

A Ol
4.3C

PAINTERS. MAINTENANCE------------ ---------NONMANUFACTURING — ---------- -— -----

30
28

3 .3 6
3 .2 5

urrUAUT/'C .
MtlrlANlCs*

CUSTODIAL AN MATERIAL M
D
OVEM
ENT
OCCUPATIONS - M N
E
GUARDS AN W
D ATCH EN --------------------------M
MANUFACTURING------------ — ----- ------ —
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------- ----- -----

622
113
509

2 .3 2
2 .8 3
2 .2 0

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING---------------------------------

45

2 .7 0

watchmen:
m anufacturing ---------------- --------- -------

68

2 .9 2

TRUCKERS* POW
ER (FORKtIFT) ---------—
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------- -------- —

JANITORS* PORTERS* AN CLEANERS - —
D
MANUFACTURING -------------- ------- — ------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------------------

1*688
231
1.457
33

2 .3 6
2 .8 0
2 .2 9
2 .5 3

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL M
OVEM
ENT
OCCUPATIONS - W M N
O E

LABORERS. MATERIAL HANDLING ------------MANUFACTURING-----— — — — — ---------

830
223

2 .7 5
2 .9 8

AA f
OU 7

coOf

u U Nu u f ' l U1 A r T1 U I D I N b
C
N n n A AMI r » t I K T U A

•

r n L CKj
fI Li roe

• • • • • • • • • • • • — • • • • •...• •
•
•

NOTE: Earnings data in table A -6 relate only to workers whose sex identification was provided by the
establishment. Earnings data in tables A -4 and A -5 , on the other hand, relate to all workers in an occupation.
(See appendix A for publication criteria.)
See footnotes at end of tables.

Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for
selected occupational groups, adjusted for employment
shifts, in San Antonio, Tex., for selected periods
May 1972
to
May 1973

Industry and occupational
group

May 1973
to
May 1974

May 1974
to
May 1975

All industries:
Office clerica l (men and women)
__ _ _ _ _ _ _
Electronic data processing (men and women) ___
Industrial nurses (men and w om en)____________
Skilled maintenance trades (m en)_______________
Unskilled plant workers (m en)__________________

5.2
*
**
6.2
4.5

9.9
*
**
9.1
10.9

8.6
2.6
**
6.6
8.8

Manufacturing:
Office clerica l (men and wom en)____ ____ __
Electronic data processing (men and w om en)___
Industrial nurses (men and w om en)_________ __
Skilled maintenance trades (m en)_______________
Unskilled plant workers (m en)__________________

**
*
**
**
5.7

**
*
**
**
8.8

**
**
**
**
9.2

Nonmanufacturing:
Office clerica l (men and wom en)_______________
Electronic data processing (men and w om en)___
Industrial nurses (men and w om en)____________
Skilled maintenance trades (m en)______ ______
Unskilled plant workers (m en)__________________

5.0
*
**
**
4.3

10.5
*
**
**
11.8

8.5
2.8
**
**
9.1

*
**

Data not available.
Data do not m eet publication criteria.

NOTE: The percent increases presented in this table are based on changes in average
hourly earnings for establishments reporting the trend jobs in both the current and previous
year (matched establishments). They are not affected by changes in average earnings
resulting from employment shifts among establishments or turnover of establishments
included in survey samples. The percent increases, however, are still affected by factors
other than wage increases. Hirings, layoffs, and turnover may affect an establishment
average for an occupation when workers are paid under plans providing a range of wage rates
for individual jobs. In periods of increased hiring, for example, new employees enter at the
bottom of the-range, depressing the average without a change in wage rates.
These wage trends are not linked to the wage indexes previously published for this
area because the wage indexes measured changes in area averages whereas these wage trends
measure changes in matched establishment averages. Other characteristics of these wage
trends which differ from the discontinued indexes include (1) earnings data of office clerica l
workers and industrial nurses are converted to an hourly basis, (2) trend estimates are
provided for nonmanufacturing establishments where possible, and (3) trend estimates are
provided for electronic data processing jobs.
For a m ore detailed description of the method used to compute these wage trends, see
"Improving Area Wage Survey Indexes," Monthly Labor Review, January 1973, pp. 52-57.

Footnotes
1 Standard hours reflect the workweek
to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job
and half receive less than the rate shown.
3 Excludes premium pay for overtime




for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or prem ium rates), and the earnings correspond
by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median designates position— half of the em ployees surveyed receive m ore
The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn m ore than the higher rate.
and for work on weekends, holidays, and'late shifts.

Appendix A
Area wage and related benefits data are obtained by personal visits of Bureau field represent­
atives at 3-year in terv a ls.1 In each of the intervening years, information on employment and
occupational earnings is collected by a combination of personal visit; mail questionnaire, and telephone
interview from establishments participating in the previous survey.
In each of the 8 2 2 areas currently surveyed, data are obtained from representative estab­
lishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communication, and other
public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major
industry groups excluded from these studies are government operations and the construction and
extractive industries. Establishments having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are omitted
because of insufficient employment in the occupations studied. Separate tabulations are provided for
each of the broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.
These surveys are conducted on a sample basis. The sampling procedures involve detailed
stratification of all establishments within the scope of an individual area survey by industry and number
of em ployees. F rom this stratified universe a probability sample is selected, with each establishment
having a predeterm ined chance of selection. To obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater
proportion of large than sm all establishments is selected. When data are combined, each establishment
is weighted according to its probability of selection, so that unbiased estimates are generated. F or
exam ple, if one out of four establishments is selected, it is given a weight of four to represent itself
plus three others. An alternate of the same original probability is chosen in the same industry-size
classification if data are not available for the original sample member. If no suitable substitute is
available, additional weight is assigned to a sample m ember that is sim ilar to the m issing unit.
Occupations and Earnings
Occupations selected for study are common to a variety of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing
industries, and are of the following types: (1) Office clerica l; (2) professional and technical; (3)
maintenance and powerplant; and (4) custodial and material movement. Occupational classification is
based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation
in duties within the same job. Occupations selected for study are listed and described in appendix B.
Unless otherwise indicated, the earnings data following the job titles are for all industries combined.
Earnings data for some of the occupations listed and described, or for some industry divisions within
occupations, are not presented in the A -se rie s tables, because either (1) employment in the occupation
is too small to provide enough data to m erit presentation, or (2) there is possibility of disclosure of
individual establishment data. Separate m en's and women's earnings data are not presented when the
number of w orkers not identified by sex is 20 percent or m ore of the men or women identified in an
occupation. Earnings data not shown separately for industry divisions are included in all industries
combined data, where shown. Likewise, data are included in the overall classification when a sub­
classification of electronics technicians, secreta ries, or truckdrivers is not shown or information to
subclassify is not available.
Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for full-tim e w orkers, i.e ., those hired
to work a regular weekly schedule. Earnings data exclude premium pay for overtim e and for work on
weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-livin g allowances
and incentive bonuses are included. Weekly hours for office clerica l and professional and technical
occupations refer to the standard workweek (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which employees
receive regular straight-tim e salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates).
Average weekly earnings for these occupations are rounded to the nearest half dollar.
These surveys m easure the level of occupational earnings in an area at a particular time.
Comparisons of individual occupational averages over time may not reflect expected wage changes.
The averages for individual jobs are affected by changes in wages and employment patterns. F or
exam ple, proportions of workers em ployed by high- or low-wage firm s may change, or high-wage
w orkers may advance to better jobs and be replaced by new workers at lower rates. Such shifts in
employment could decrease an occupational average even though most establishments in an area
increase wages during the year. Trends in earnings of occupational groups, shown in table A - 7,
are better indicators of wage trends than individual jobs within the groups.

Average earnings reflect com posite, areawide estim ates. Industries and establishments differ
in pay level and job staffing, and thus contribute differently to the estimates for each job. Pay
averages may fail to reflect accurately the wage differential among jobs in individual establishments.
Average pay levels fo r men and women in selected occupations should not be assumed to
reflect differences in pay of the sexes within individual establishments. Factors which may contribute
to differences include progression within established rate ranges, since only the rates paid incumbents
are collected, and perform ance of specific duties within the general survey job descriptions. Job
descriptions used to classify employees in these surveys usually are m ore generalized than those used
in individual establishments and allow for m inor differences among establishments in specific
duties perform ed.
Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all establishments within the scope
of the study and not the number actually surveyed. Because occupational structures among establish­
ments differ, estimates of occupational employment obtained from the sample of establishments studied
serve only to indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occupational
structure do not affect m aterially the accuracy of the earnings data.
Wage trends fo r selected occupational groups
The
Annual rates
span between
increased at

percents of change in table A -7 relate to wage changes between the indicated dates.
of increase, where shown, reflect the amount of increase fo r 12 months when the time
surveys was other than 12 months. Annual rates are based on the assumption that wages
a constant rate between surveys.

Occupations used to compute wage trends are:
Office cle rica l (men and women):
Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class B
C lerks, accounting, classes A and B
C lerks, file , classes A, B, and C
C lerks, order
C lerks, payroll
Keypunch operators, classes A and B
M essengers
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B
E lectronic data processing
(men and women):
Computer operators, classes A, B, and C
Computer program m ers, cla sses A, B,
and C

Electronic data processing (men
and women)— Continued
Computer systems analysts, classes A,
B, and C
Industrial nurses (men and women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
T ool and die makers
Unskilled plant (men):

Janitors, p orters, and cleaners
L aborers, m aterial handling
Percent changes for individual areas in the program are computed as follows:
1. Each occupation is assigned a weight based on its proportionate employment in the selected
group of occupations in the base year.
2. These weights are used to compute group averages. Each occupation's average (mean)
earnings is multiplied by its weight. The products are totaled to obtain a group average.
3. The ratio of group averages for 2 consecutive years is computed by dividing the average
fo r the current year by the average for the ea rlier year. The results— expressed as a percent— less 100
is the percent change.
Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions

1 Personal visits were on a 2-year cycle before July 1972.
2 Included in the 82 areas are 12 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are Akron, Ohio; Austin, l e x . ; Binghamton,
N. Y . —P a .; Birmingham, A l a .; Fort Lauderdale—Hollywood and West Palm Beach—Boca Raton, F la .; Lexington—Fayette, K y .; Melbourne—T itusvilleCocoa, F la .; Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, Va. —N. C . ; Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N .Y .; Raleigh—
Durham, N. C . ; Syracuse, N. Y . ; and Westchester County, N .Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 70
areas at the request of the Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department of Labor.




Tabulations on selected establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions (B -series
tables) are not presented in this bulletin. Information for these, tabulations is collected at 3-year
in terv als.1 These tabulations on minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced office workers; shift
differentials; scheduled weekly hours and days; paid holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance* and
pension plans are presented (in the B -se rie s tables) in previous bulletins for this area.




Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
in San Antonio, Tex.,1 May 1975
Industry division 2

A ll d iv ision s-------------------------------------------- Manufacturing-------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing------------------------------------------- Transportation, communication, and
other public utilities 5 ____________________
Wholesale trade 6 ________________________ Retail trade 6_______________________________
Finance, insurance, and real estate6 ______
S erv ices6 7 ________________________________

Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

_

Number of establishments

Workers in establishments
Within scope of study4

Within scope
o f study *

Studied

Studied
Number

P ercent

614

145

104,544

100

48, 109

50
“

155
459

43
102

28,491
76,053

27
73

12,557
35,552

50
50
50
50
50

49
82
162
69
97

17
15
30
11
29

8, 865
8,651
32,432
12,764
13,341

9
8
31
12
13

6,485
1,826
14,808
6,270
6, 163

1 The San Antonio Standard Metropolitan Statistical A rea, as defined by the Office o f Management and Budget through February 1974, consists
of Bexar, Comal, and Guadalupe Counties. The "workers within scope of study" estimates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate
description of the size and com position o f the labor fo rce included in the survey. Estimates are not intended, however, for com parison with
other employment indexes to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning o f wage surveys requires establishment data com piled
considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) small establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division.
3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in industries
such as trade, finance, auto repair service, and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment. See box below.
4 Includes all workers in all establishments with total employment (within the area) at or above the minimum limitation. See box below.
5 Abbreviated to "public utilities" in the A -s e rie s tables. Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation were excluded. San Antonio's
electric, gas, and transit systems are municipally operated and are excluded by definition from the scope of the survey.
6 This division is represented in estimates for "all industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the A -se rie s tables. Separate presentation of data
is not made for one or m ore of the following reasons: (1) Employment is too small to provide enough data to m erit separate study, (2) the sample
was not designed initially to permit separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient o r inadequate to permit separate presentation, and (4) there
is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data.
7 Hotels and m otels; laundries and other personal services; business services; automobile repair, rental, and parking; motion pictures;
nonprofit m embership organizations (excluding religious and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectural services.

NOTE: Since the last survey in the San Antonio area, the Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area (SMSA) has been
expanded to include Comal County. The additional geography accounts for less than 3 percent of the workers within scope o f
the study. Most of these w orkers in Comal County were in manufacturing establishments.
Occupational earnings information in tables A - l through A -6 relates to the expanded SMSA, but wage trend information in
table A-7 relates to the geographical scope used in the May 1974 survey. Next year, all data will relate to the enlarged SMSA.
In addition to the change in geography, data in the A -se rie s tables and appendix table are representative of establishments
employing 97 percent of the total employment and 90 percent of the manufacturing employment in scope of the survey. The
balance of the employment was in establishments from which data could not be obtained and which could not appropriately be
represented by other establishments.

Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions
The prim ary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate
occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and
from area to area. This permits the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in
individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed
to exclude working supervisors; apprentices; learners; beginners; trainees; and handicapped, part-tim e, tem porary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING

P repares statements, b ills , and invoices on a machine other than an ordinary or electrom atic
typewriter. May also keep record s as to billings or shipping charges or perform other cle rica l work
incidental to billing operations. F or wage study purposes, b illers, machine, are classified by type of
machine, as follow s:

Perform s one or m ore accounting clerica l tasks such as posting to registers and ledgers;
reconciling bank accounts; verifying the internal consistency, com pleteness, and mathematical accuracy
of accounting documents; assigning prescribed accounting distribution codes; examining and verifying
for cle rica l accuracy various types of reports, lists, calculations, posting, etc.; or preparing simple or
assisting in preparing m ore complicated journal vouchers. May work in either a manual or automated
accounting system.

B ille r, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing machine (combination typing and
adding machine) to prepare bills and invoices from custom ers' purchase orders, internally prepared
ord ers, shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined discounts and
shipping charges and entry of necessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing
machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The operation usually involves a
large number o f carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.
B ille r, machine (bookkeeping m achine). Uses a bookkeeping machine (with or without a
typewriter keyboard) to prepare cu stom ers' bills as part of the accounts receivable operation.
Generally involves the simultaneous entry of figures on custom ers' ledger record. The machine
automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints
automatically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping. Works from
uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.

The work requires a knowledge of cle rica l methods and office practices and procedures which
relates to the cle rica l processing and recording of transactions and accounting information. With
experience, the worker typically becom es familiar with the bookkeeping and accounting term s and
procedures used in the assigned work, but is not required to have a knowledge of the form al principles
of bookkeeping and accounting.
Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.
Class A. Under general supervision, perform s accounting cle rica l operations which require
the application of experience and judgment, for example, clerically processing complicated or
nonrepetitive accounting transactions, selecting among a substantial variety of prescribed accounting
codes and classifications, or tracing transactions though previous accounting actions to determine
source of discrepancies. May be assisted by one or m ore class B accounting clerks.

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (with or without a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of
business transactions.

Class B . Under close supervision, following detailed instructions and standardized procedures,
perform s one or m ore routine accounting cle rica l operations, such as posting to ledgers, cards, or
worksheets where identification of items and locations of postings are clearly indicated; checking
accuracy and completeness of standardized and repetitive records or accounting documents; and coding
documents using a few p rescribed accounting codes.

Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and'experience in basic bookkeeping
principles, and familiarity with the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each phase of the work. May
prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets, and other records by hand.

CLERK, FILE

Class B . Keeps a record of one or m ore phases or sections of a set of records usually
requiring little knowledge of basic bookkeeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
cu stom ers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described under b iller, machine), cost
distribution, expense distribution, inventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.




Listed below
stereotypes:

are

revised

F iles, cla ssifies, and retrieves material in an established filing system. May perform
cle rica l and manual tasks required to maintain files. Positions are classified into levels on the basis
of the following definitions.
Class A. C lassifies and indexes file m aterial such as correspondence, reports, technical
documents, etc., in an established filing system containing a number of varied subject matter files.
May also file this m aterial. May keep records of various types in conjunction with the files. May
lead a small group of lower level file clerks.

occupational titles

introduced this

year to

eliminate

Revised title

F orm er title

Drafter
D rafter-tracer
Boiler tender

Draftsman
Draft sm an-tracer
Fireman, stationary boiler

sex

SECRETARY— Continued
Class B . Sorts, codes, and files unclassified m aterial by simple (subject m atter) headings
or partly classified m aterial by finer subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cro ss-re fe re n ce
aids. As requested, locates clearly identified m aterial in files and forwards m aterial. May perform
related clerica l tasks required to maintain and service files.
Class C. P erform s routine filing of m aterial that nas already been classified or which is
easily classified in a simple serial classification system (e.g ., alphabetical, chronological, or
numerical). As requested, locates readily available m aterial in files and forwards m aterial; and may
fill out withdrawal charge. May perform simple clerica l and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.
CLERK, ORDER
R eceives cu stom ers' orders for m aterial or merchandise by m ail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the following: Quoting prices to custom ers; making out an order
sheet listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order sheet;
and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled. May check with credit department
to determine credit rating of custom er, acknowledge receipt of orders from custom ers, follow up
orders to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping invoices
with original orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary data on the payroll sheets.
Duties involve: Calculating w orkers' earnings based on time or production records; and posting
calculated data on payroll sheet, showing information such as w orker's name, wdrking days, tim e,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster
in making up and distributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Operates a keypunch machine to record or verify alphabetic and/or numeric data on tabulating
cards or on tape.
Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.
Class A. Work requires the application of experience and judgment in selecting procedures
to be followed and in searching fo r, interpreting, selecting, or coding items to be keypunched from a
variety of source documents. On occasion may also perform some routine keypunch work. May train
inexperienced keypunch operators.
Class B . Work is routine and repetitive. Under close supervision or following specific
procedures or instructions, works from various standardized source documents which have been coded,
and follows specified procedures which have been prescribed in detail and require little or no selecting,
coding, or interpreting of data to be recorded. Refers to supervisor problems arising from erroneous
items or codes or missing information.
MESSENGER

Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "se cre ta ry " p ossess the above ch aracteristics.
positions which are excluded from the definition are as follow s:

Examples of

a.

Positions which do not meet the "person al" secretary concept described above;

b.

Stenographers not fully trained in secretarial type duties;

c. Stenographers
managerial persons;

serving as

office assistants

to a group of professional, technical, or

d. Secretary positions in which the duties are either substantially m ore routine or sub­
stantially more complex and responsible than those characterized in the definition;
e. Assistant type positions which involve m ore difficult or m ore responsible technical,
administrative, supervisory, or specialized cle rica l duties which are not typical of secretarial
work.
NOTE: The term "corporate o f f ic e r ," used in the level definitions following, re fe rs to those
officials who have a significant corporate-wide policymaking role with regard to m ajor company
activities. The title "vice p resident," though norm ally indicative of this ro le , dops not in all cases
identify such positions. Vice presidents whose prim ary responsibility is to act personally on individual
cases or transactions (e.g., approve or deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual
trust accounts; directly supervise a cle rica l staff) are not considered to be "corporate o ffice rs " for
purposes of applying the following level definitions.
Class A
1. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that em ploys, in all,
over 100 but fewer than 5, 000 persons; or
2. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of the board or president) of a
company that employs, in all, over 5, 000 but fewer than 25, 000 persons; or
3. Secretary to the head, immediately below the corporate o ffice r level, of a m ajor segment
or subsidiary of a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
Class B
1. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that em ploys, in all,
fewer than 100 persons; or
2. Secretary to a corporate o fficer (other than the chairman of the board or president) of a
company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5, 000 persons; or
3. Secretary to the head, immediately below the o ffice r level, over either a m ajor corporate­
wide functional activity (e.g., marketing, research, operations, industrial relations, e tc.) or a m ajor
geographic or organizational segment (e.g., a regional headquarters; a m ajor division) of a company
that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000 em ployees; or

P erform s various routine duties such as running errands, operating m inor office machines
such as sealers or m ailers, opening and distributing m ail, and other minor cle rica l work. Exclude
positions that require operation of a m otor vehicle as a significant duty.

4. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level of
official) that employs, in all, over 5, 000 persons; or

SECRETARY

5. Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational segment (e.g., a middle
management supervisor of an organizational segment often involving as many as several hundred
persons) or a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 p ersons.

Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Maintains a close and highly
responsive relationship to the day-to-day work of the supervisor. Works fairly independently
receiving a minimum of detailed supervision and guidance. P erform s varied cle rica l and secretarial
duties, usually including m ost of the following:
a. Receives telephone ca lls, personal ca llers, and incoming m ail, answers routine inquires,
and routes technical inquiries to the proper persons;
b.

Establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files;

c.

Maintains the supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed;

d.

Relays m essages from supervisor to subordinates;

e. Reviews correspondence, memorandums, and reports prepared by others fo r the super­
v is o r's signature to assure procedural and typographic accuracy;
f.

P erform s stenographic and typing work.

May also perform other clerica l and secretarial tasks of comparable nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organization, program s,
and procedures related to the work of the supervisor.




Class C
1. Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose responsibility is not equivalent to
one of the specific level situations in the definition fo r class B, but whose organizational unit
normally numbers at least several dozen em ployees and is usually divided into organizational segments
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some com panies, this level includes a wide range of
organizational echelons; in others, only one or two; or
2. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, fa ctory, etc. (or other equivalent level of
official) that employs, in all, fewer than 5, 000 p ersons.
Class D
1. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a sm all organizational unit (e.g ., few er than
about 25 or 30 persons); or
2. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional em ployee, administrative
o ffice r, or assistant, skilled technician o r expert. (NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers,
rather than secretaries as described above, to this level o f supervisory or nonsupervisory w orker.)

P rim ary duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to transcribe the dictation. May also
type from written copy. May operate from a stenographic pool. May occasionally transcribe from
voice recordings (if prim ary duty is transcribing from recordings, see Tran scribing-Machine Operator,
General).

Operates one or a variety of machines such as the tabulator, calculator, collator, interpreter,
sorter, reproducing punch, etc. Excluded from this definition are working supervisors. Also excluded
are operators of electronic digital com puters, even though they may also operate EAM equipment.

NOTE: This job is distinguished from that of a secretary in that a secretary normally works
in a confidential relationship with only one manager or executive and perform s m ore responsible and
discretionary tasks as described in the secretary job definition.

Class A P erform s complete reporting and tabulating assignments including devising difficult
control panel wiring under general supervision. Assignments typically involve a variety of long .and
com plex reports which often are irregular or nonrecurring, requiring some planning of the nature and
sequencing of operations, and the use of a variety of machines. Is typically involved in training new
operators in machine operations or training lower level operators in wiring from diagrams and in
the operating sequences of long and com plex reports. Does not include positions in which wiring
responsibility is limited to selection and insertion of prewired boards.

Stenographer, General
Dictation involves a normal routine vocabulary.
or perform other relatively routine clerica l tasks.
Stenographer, Senior

May maintain files, keep simple record s,

Dictation involves a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
OR
P erform s stenographic duties requiring significantly greater independence and responsibility
than stenographer, general, as evidenced by the following: Work requires a high degree of stenographic
speed and accuracy; a thorough working knowledge of general business and office procedure; and of
the specific business operations, organization, p olicies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this
knowledge in perform ing stenographic duties and responsible clerica l tasks such as maintaining followup
file s; assembling m aterial for reports, memorandums, and letters; composing simple letters from
general instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Class A. Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office calls. P erform s full telephone information service or handles complex
ca lls, such as con ference, collect, oversea s, or sim ilar calls, either in addition to doing routine work
as described fo r switchboard operator, class B, or as a full-tim e assignment. ("F ull" telephone
information service occurs when the establishment has varied functions that are not readily
understandable for telephone information purposes, e.g ., because of overlapping or interrelated
functions, and consequently present frequent problem s as to which extensions are appropriate fo r ca lls.)
Class B . Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office ca lls. May handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May
perform limited telephone information s erv ice. ("Lim ited" telephone information service occurs if the
functions of the establishment serviced are readily understandable for telephone information purposes,
or if the requests are routine, e .g ., giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or if
com plex calls are referred to another operator.)
These classifications do not include switchboard operators in telephone companies who assist
custom ers in placing ca lls.

Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.

Class B . P erform s work according to established procedures and under specific instructions.
Assignments typically involve complete but routine and recurring reports o r parts of larger and m ore
com plex reports. Operates m ore difficult tabulating or electrical accounting machines such as the
tabulator and calculator, in addition to the sim pler machines used by class C operators. May be
required to do some wiring from diagrams. May train new employees in basic machine operations.
Class C. Under specific instructions, operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, interpreter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. Assignments typically
involve portions of a work unit, fo r example, individual sorting or collating runs, or repetitive
operations. May perform simple wiring from diagrams, and do some filing work.
TRANSCRIBINGrMACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL.

P rim ary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine vocabulary from transcribing-m achine record s. May also type from written copy and do simple clerica l work. W orkers
transcribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or
reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by
Stenotype or sim ilar machine is classified as a stenographer.
TYPIST

Uses a typewriter to make copies of various materials or to make out bills after calculations
have been made by another person. May include typing of stencils, m ats, or sim ilar materials for
use in duplicating p rocesses. May do cle rica l work involving little special training, such as keeping
simple record s, filing records and reports, or sorting and distributing incoming mail.
Class A. P erform s one or m ore of the following: Typing m aterial in final form when it
involves combining m aterial from several sources; or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication,
punctuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language m aterial; or planning layout and
typing of com plicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters, varying details to suit circum stances.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to perform ing duties of operator on a single-position or monitor-type switchboard,
acts as receptionist and may also type or perform routine clerica l work as part of regular duties. This
typing or cle rica l work may take the m ajor part of this w orker's time while at switchboard.

Class B . P erform s one or m ere of the following: Copy typing from rough or clear dr alts;
or routine typing of fo rm s, insurance p o licies, etc; or setting up simple standard tabulations; or
copying m ore complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
COMPUTER OPERATOR

COMPUTER OPERATOR— Continued

Monitors and operates the control console of a digital computer to p rocess data cccording to
operating instructions, usually prepared by a program m er. Work includes m ost of the following:
Studies instructions to determine equipment setup and operations; loads equipment with required
item s (tape reels, ca rd s, etc.); switches necessary auxiliary equipment into circuit, and starts and
operates com puter; makes adjustments to computer to correct operating problems and meet special
conditions; reviews e rr o rs made during operation and determines cause o r refers problem to
supervisor or program m er; and maintains operating records. May test and assist in correcting
program .

Class B . Operates independently, or under only general direction, a computer running
program s with m ost of the following ch aracteristics: Most of the program s are established ‘production
runs, typically run on a regularly recurring basis; there is little or no testing of new programs
required; alternate program s are provided in case original program needs m ajor change or cannot be
corrected within a reasonably tim e. In common e rr o r situations, diagnoses cause and takes corrective
action. This usually involves applying previously programmed corrective steps, or using standard
correction techniques.
OR

F or wage study purposes, com puter operators are classified as follows:
Class A . Operates independently, or under only general direction, a computer running
program s with m ost of the following ch aracteristics: New programs are frequently tested and
introduced; scheduling requirem ents are of critica l importance to minimize downtime; the programs
are of com plex design so that identification of e rror source often requires a working knowledge of the
total program , and alternate program s may neft be available. May give direction and guidance to
low er level operators.




Operates under direct supervision a computer running program s or segments of programs
with the characteristics described fo r class A May assist a higher level operator by independently
perform ing less difficult tasks assigned, and perform ing difficult tasks following detailed instructions
and with frequent review of operations perform ed.
Class C. Works on routine programs under close supervision. Is expected to develop working
knowledge of the computer equipment used and ability to detect problem s involved in running routine
program s. Usually has received some form al training in computer operation. May assist higher level
operator on com plex program s.

Converts statements of business problem s, typically prepared by a systems analyst, into a
sequence of detailed instructions which are required to solve the problems by automatic data processing
equipment. Working from charts or diagrams, the program m er develops the p recise instructions which,
when entered into the computer system in coded language, cause the manipulation of data to achieve
desired results. Work involves most of the following: Applies knowledge of computer capabilities,
mathematics, logic employed by com puters, and particular subject matter involved to analyze charts
and diagrams of the problem to be programmed; develops sequence of program steps; writes detailed
flow charts to show order in which data will be processed; converts these charts to coded instructions
for machine to follow; tests and corrects program s; prepares instructions for operating personnel
during production run; analyzes, reviews, and alters programs to increase operating efficiency or
adapt to new requirements; maintains records of program development and revisions. (NOTE: W orkers
performing both systems analysis and programming should be classified as systems analysts if this is
the skill used to determine their pay.)
Does not include employees prim arily responsible for the management or supervision of other
electronic data processing em ployees, or program m ers prim arily concerned with scientific and/or
engineering problem s.
For wage study purposes, program m ers are classified as follows:
Class A. Works independently or under only general direction on complex problems which
require competence in all phases of programming concepts and practices. Working from diagrams
and charts which identify the nature of desired results, m ajor processing steps to be accomplished,
and the relationships between various steps of the problem solving routine; plans the full range
of programming actions needed to efficiently utilize the computer system in achieving desired
end products.
At this level, programming is difficult because computer equipment must be organized to
produce several interrelated but diverse products from numerous and diverse data elements. A wide
variety and extensive number of internal processing actions must occur. This requires such actions as
development of common operations which can be reused, establishment of linkage points between
operations, adjustments to data when program requirements exceed computer storage capacity, and
substantial manipulation and resequencing of data elements to form a highly integrated program.

For wage study purposes, systems analysts are classified as follows:
Class A. Works independently or under only general direction on com plex problem s involving
all phases of system analysis. Problems are com plex because of diverse sources of input data and
multiple-use requirements of output data. (F or example, develops an integrated production scheduling,
inventory control, cost analysis, and sales analysis record in which every item of each type is
automatically processed through the full system of records and appropriate followup actions are initiated
by the computer.) Confers with persons concerned to determine the data processing problems and
advises subject-matter personnel on the implications of new or revised system s of data processing
operations. Makes recommendations, if needed, for approval of m ajor systems installations or changes
and for obtaining equipment.
May provide functional direction to lower level system s analysts who are assigned to assist.
Class B. Works independently or under only general direction on problems that are relatively
uncomplicated to analyze, plan, program , and operate. Problem s are of limited com plexity because
sources of input data are homogeneous and the output data are closely related. (F or example, develops
systems for maintaining depositor accounts in a bank, maintaining accounts receivable in a retail
establishment, or maintaining inventory accounts in a manufacturing or wholesale establishment.)
Confers with persons concerned to determine the data processing problem s and advises subjectmatter personnel on the implications of the data processing system s to be applied.
OR
Works on a segment of a complex data processing scheme or system , as described for class A.
Works independently on routine assignments and receives instruction and guidance on complex
assignments. Work is reviewed for accuracy of judgment, com pliance with instructions, and to insure
proper alignment with the overall system.
Class C. Works under immediate supervision, carrying out analyses as assigned, usually
of a single activity. Assignments are designed to develop and expand practical experience in the
application of procedures and skills required for systems analysis work. F or example, may assist a
higher level systems analyst by preparing the detailed specifications required by program m ers from
information developed by the higher level analyst.

May provide functional direction to lower level program m ers who are assigned to assist.
Class B. Works independently or under only general direction on relatively simple program s,
or on simple segments of complex program s. Program s (or segments) usually p rocess information to
produce data in two or three varied sequences or form ats. Reports and listings are produced by
refining, adapting, arraying, or making minor additions to or deletions from input data which are
readily available. While numerous records may be p rocessed, the data have been refined in prior
actions so that the accuracy and sequencing of data can be tested by using a few routine checks.
Typically, the program deals with routine record-keeping type operations.
OR
Works on complex programs (as described for class A) under close direction of a higher
level programm er or supervisor. May assist higher level program m er by independently performing
less difficult tasks assigned, and perform ing m ore difficult tasks under fairly close direction.
May guide or instruct lower level program m ers.
Class C. Makes practical applications of programming practices and concepts usually learned
in form al training courses. Assignments are designed to develop competence in the application of
standard procedures to routine problems. Receives close supervision on new aspects of assignments;
and work is reviewed to verify its accuracy and conformance with required procedures.
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS
Analyzes business problems to formulate procedures for solving them by use of electronic
data processing equipment. Develops a complete description of all specifications needed to enable
programm ers to prepare required digital computer program s. Work involves m ost of the following:
Analyzes subject-m atter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and criteria required to
achieve satisfactory results; specifies number and types of record s, files, and documents to be used;
outlines actions to be perform ed by personnel and computers in sufficient detail for presentation to
management and for programming (typically this involves preparation of work and data flow charts);
coordinates the development of test problems and participates in trial runs of new and revised systems;
and recommends equipment changes to obtain m ore effective overall operations. (NOTE: W orkers
performing both systems analysis and programming should be classified as systems analysts if this is
the skill used to determine their pay.)
Does not include employees prim arily responsible for the management or supervision of other
electronic data processing em ployees, or systems analysts prim arily concerned with scientific or
engineering problem s.




DRAFTER
Class A. Plans the graphic presentation of com plex items having distinctive design features
that differ significantly from established drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design
originator, and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of each change on the
details of form, function, and positional relationships of components and parts. Works with a
minimum of supervisory assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for consistency
with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare drawings, or direct their preparation by
lower level drafters.
Class B. Perform s nonroutine and com plex drafting assignments that require the application
of most of the standardized drawing techniques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as:
Prepares working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple functions, and precise
positional relationships between components; prepares architectural drawings fo r construction of a
building including detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof. Uses accepted
formulas and manuals in making necessary computations to determine quantities of m aterials to be
used, load capacities, strengths, stresses, etc. R eceives initial instructions, requirem ents, and
advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for engineering, construction,
manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types of drawings prepared include isom etric projections
(depicting three dimensions in accurate sca le) and sectional views to cla rify positioning of components
and convey needed information. Consolidates details from a number of sources and adjusts or
transposes scale as required. Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are less complete when assignments
recur. Work may be spot-checked during p rogress.
DRAFTER-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing cloth or paper over drawings
and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not include tracing lim ited to plans prim arily consisting of
straight lines and a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
AND/OR
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized item s.
during progress.

Work is clo se ly supervised

W orks on various types of electronic equipment and related devices by perform ing one or a
combination of the following: Installing, maintaining, repairing, overhauling, troubleshooting, modifying,
constructing, and testing. Work requires p ractical application of technical knowledge of electronics
p rinciples, ability to determine malfunctions, and skill to put equipment in required operating condition.

Class B. Applies comprehensive technical knowledge to solve com plex problems (i.e., those
that typically can be solved solely by properly interpreting m anufacturers' manuals or sim ilar
documents) in working on electronic equipment. Work involves: A familiarity with the interrelation­
ships of circuits; and judgment in determining work sequence and in selecting tools and testing
instruments, usually le ss complex than those used by the class A technician.

The equipment— consisting of either many different kinds of circuits or multiple repetition of
the same kind of circuit— includes, but is not limited to, the following: (a) E lectronic transmitting
and receiving equipment (e.g ., radar, radio, television, telephone, sonar, navigational aids), (b)
digital and analog com puters, and (c) industrial and m edical measuring and controlling equipment.

Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher level technician, and
work is reviewed fo r specific compliance with accepted practices and work assignments. May provide
technical guidance to lower level technicians.

This classification excludes repairmen of such standard electronic equipment as common office
machines and household radio and television sets; production assem blers and testers; workers whose
prim ary duty is servicing electronic test instruments; technicians who have administrative or
supervisory responsibility; and d rafters, designers, and professional engineers.

Class_C. Applies working technical knowledge to perform simple or routine tasks in working
on electronic equipment, following detailed instructions which cover virtually all procedures. Work
typically involves such tasks as: Assisting higher level technicians by performing such activities as
replacing components, wiring circuits, and taking test readings; repairing simple electronic equipment;
and using tools and common test instruments (e.g., m ultim eters/ audio signal generators, tube testers,
oscilloscop es). Is not required to be fam iliar with the interrelationships of circuits. This knowledge,
however, may be acquired through assignments designed to increase competence (including classroom
training) so that worker can advance to higher level technician.

Positions are cla ssified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.
Class A. Applies advanced technical knowledge to solve unusually com plex problems (i.e.,
those that typically cannot be solved solely by reference to manufacturers' manuals or sim ilar
documents) in working on electronic equipment. Examples of such problems include location and
density of circu itry, electro-m agnetic radiation, isolating malfunctions, and frequent engineering
changes. Work involves: A detailed understanding of the interrelationships of circuits; exercising
independent judgment in perform ing such tasks as making circuit analyses, calculating wave form s,
tracing relationships in signal flow; and regularly using complex test instruments' (e.g., dual trace
o scillo sco p e s, Q -m eters, deviation m eters, pulse generators).
x
Work may be reviewed by supervisor (frequently an engineer or designer) for general
com pliance with accepted p ra ctices. May provide technical guidance to lower level technicians.

R eceives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher level technician. Work
is typically spot checked, but is given detailed review when new or advanced assignments are involved.
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (Registered)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general m edical direction to ill or injured
employees or other persons who becom e ill or suffer an accident on the prem ises of a factory or
other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or
injured; attending to subsequent dressing of em ployees' injuries; keeping records of patients treated;
preparing accidexit reports for compensation or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and
health evaluations of applicants and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other activities affecting the health,
w elfare, and safety of all personnel. Nursing supervisors or head nurses in establishments employing
m ore than one nurse are excluded.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
BOILER TENDER

ENGINEER, STATIONARY— Continued

F ires stationary b oilers to furnish the establishment in which employed with heat, power,
or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and
checks water and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.

steam boilers and b o ile r-fe d water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of m achinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise these operations. Head or
chief engineers in establishments employing m ore than one engineer are excluded.

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

P erform s the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain in good repair building
woodwork and equipment such as bins, crib s , counters, benches, partitions, doors, flo o rs, stairs,
casings, and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, m odels, or verbal instructions; using a variety of
carpenter's handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard
shop computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting m aterials necessary for the work. In
general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

A ssists one or m ore workers in the skilled maintenance trades, by performing specific or
general duties of le ss e r skill, such as keeping a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning
working area, machine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools; and
perform ing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted
to perform varies from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting,
and holding m aterials and tools, and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted to perform
specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are also perform ed by workers on a
full-tim e basis.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM

P erform s a variety of e lectrica l trade functions such as the installation, maintenance, or
repair of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of electrica l equipment
such as generators, tra n sform ers, switchboards, con trollers, circuit breakers, m otors, heating units,
conduit system s, or other transm ission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working
standard computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a
variety of electricia n 's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general, the work of the
maintenance electrician requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Specializes in the operation of one or m ore types of machine tools, such as jig borers,
cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes, or milling m achines, in the construction of machineshop tools, gauges, jig s, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning and
perform ing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring complicated setups or a
high degree of accuracy; using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling, and operation sequence;, and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize when tools need dressing,
to dress tools, and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry
wage study purposes, m achine-tool operators, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded
from this classification.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of stationary engines and
equipment (mechanical or electrica l) to supply the establishment in which employed with power, heat,
refrigeration, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment such as
steam engines, air com p ressors, generators, m otors, turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment,

Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs, of metal parts of mechanical
equipment operated in an establishment. Work involves most o f ' the following: Interpreting written
instructions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's handtools'
and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal




parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling,
feeds, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the common m etals; selecting
standard m aterials, parts, and equipment required for this work; and fitting and assembling parts into
mechanical equipment. In general, the m achinist's work normally requires a rounded training in
machine-shop practice usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.

Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an establishment. Work involves the
following: Knowledge of surface peculiarities and types of paint required for different applications;
preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or fille r in nail holes and
interstices; and applying paint with spray gun o r brush. May m ix co lo rs , oils, white lead, and other
paint ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (Maintenance)
Repairs automobiles, buses, m otortrucks, and tractors of an establishment. Work involves
most of the following: Examining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling
equipment and perform ing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills,
or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from
stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and aligning wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body
bolts. In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
This classification does not include mechanics who repair custom ers' vehicles in automobile
repair shops.
MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment. Work involves m ost of the
following: Examining machines and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling
or partly dismantling machines and perform ing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools in
scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering
the production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop
for major repairs; preparing written specifications for m ajor repairs or for the production of parts
ordered from machine shops; reassem bling m achines; and making all necessary adjustments for
operation. In general, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience
usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Excluded from
this classification are workers whose prim ary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and installs machines or heavy
equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a variety of
handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to stresses, strength of m aterials,
and centers of gravity; aligning and balancing of equipment; selecting .standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power transmission equipment such as
drives and speed reducers. In general, the m illwright's work normally requires a rounded training and
experience in the trade acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of
pipe from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to co rre ct lengths
with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting m achines; threading pipe with stocks and
dies; bending pipe by hand-dr.iven or pow er-driven m achines; assembling pipe with couplings and
fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to p ressu res, flow, and size of
pipe required; and making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In
general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. W orkers prim arily
engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or heating system s are excluded.
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-m etal equipment and fixtures (such
as machine guards, grease pans, shelves, lock ers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, m etal roofing)
of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all types of sheetmetal maintenance work from blueprints, m odels, or other specifications; setting up and operating all
available types of sheet-meted working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending,
form ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-m etal articles as required. In general,
the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent- training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jig s, fixtures or dies for forg in gs, punching,
and other metal-forming work. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work
from m odels, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a variety of tool and
die m aker's handtools and precision measuring instruments; understanding of the working properties of
common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment; making
necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds, feed s, and tooling of machines;
heat-treating of metal parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required
qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to p rescribed tolerances and
allowances; and selecting appropriate m aterials, to o ls, and p ro ce sse s. In general, the tool and die
m aker's work requires a rounded training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
GUARD AND WATCHMEN

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING

Guard. Perform s routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour, maintaining order,
using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on
identity of employees and other persons entering.

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or other establishment whose
duties involve one or m ore of the following: Loading and unloading various m aterials and merchandise
on or from freight ca rs, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
m aterials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting m aterials or m erchandise by
handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

Watchman.
and illegal entry.

ORDER FILLER

Makes rounds of prem ises periodically in protecting property against fire , theft,

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas and washroom s, or prem ises
of an office, apartment house, or com m ercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of
the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips, trash, and other
refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trim m ings; providing
supplies and minor maintenance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restroom s. W orkers
who specialize in window washing are excluded.




Fills shipping or transfer orders fo r finished goods from stored m erchandise in accordance
with specifications on sales slips, cu stom ers' o rd e rs, or other instructions. May, in addition to
filling orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing ord ers, requisition
additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping containers,
the specific operations perform ed being dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be
packed, the type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of items
in shipping containers and may involve one or m ore of the following: Knowledge of various items of

stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using e x celsior or other m aterial to prevent breakage or damage; closing and
sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make
wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
P repares m erchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible for incoming shipments
of m erchandise or other m aterials. Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping p rocedu res,
p ra ctice s, routes, available means of transportation, and rates; and preparing record s of the goods
shipped, making up b ills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping
re co rd s. May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves:
Verifying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices,
or other record s; checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchandise or
m aterials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary records and files.
F o r wage study purposes, w orkers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m aterials, m erchandise, equipment,
or men between various types of establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots,
warehouses, wholesale and retail establishm ents, or between retail establishments and custom ers'
houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with or without helpers, make m inor
m echanical rep a irs, and keep truck in good working order. Driver-salesm en and over-th e-roa d
d rivers are excluded.




follows:

F or wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and type of equipment, as
(T ra ctor-tra iler should be rated on the basis of tra iler capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under IV2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (IV2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, tra iler type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than tra ile r type)

TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-p ow ered truck or tractor to transport
goods and m aterials of all kinds about a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
F or wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified by type of truck, as follows:
T rucker, power (forklift)
T rucker, power (other than forklift)
WAREHOUSEMAN
As directed, perform s a variety of warehousing duties which require ah understanding of
the establishm ent's storage plan. Work involves m ost of the following: Verifying m aterials (or
m erchandise) against receiving documents, noting and reporting discrepancies and obvious damages;
routing m aterials to p rescribed storage locations; storing, stacking, or palletizing materials in
accordance with p rescribed storage methods; rearranging and taking inventory of stored m aterials;
examining stored m aterials and reporting deterioration and damage; removing m aterial from storage
and preparing it fo r shipment. May operate hand or power trucks in performing warehousing duties.
Exclude workers whose prim ary duties involve shipping and receiving work (see shipping and
receiving clerk and packer, shipping), order filling (see order fille r ), or operating power trucks (see
trucker, power).

Available On Request—
The following areas are surveyed periodically for use in administering the Service Contract Act of 1965.
the BLS regional offices shown on the back cover.
Alam ogordo-Las C ruces, N. Mex.
Alaska
Albany, Ga.
Albuquerque, N. Mex.
Alexandria, La.
Alpena, Standish and Tawas City, Mich.
Ann A rbor, Mich.
Atlantic City, N.J.
Augusta, Ga.—
S.C.
Bakersfield, Calif.
Baton Rouge, La.
Battle Creek, Mich.
Beaumont—
Port Arthui^Orange, Tex.
Biloxi—
Gulfport and
Pascagoula, M iss.
Boise City, Idaho
Brem erton, Wash.
Bridgeport, Norwalk and Stamford, Conn.
Brunswick, Ga.
Burlington, V t.-N .Y.
Cape Cod, Mass.
Cedar Rapids, Iowa
Champaign—
Urban a, 111,
Charleston, S.C.
Charlotte—
Gastonia, N.C.
Cheyenne, Wyo.
Clarksville—
Hopkinsville, Tenn.—
Ky.
Colorado Springs, Colo.
Columbia, S.C.
Columbus, Ga.—
Ala.
Columbus, Miss.
Crane, Ind.
Decatur, 111.
Des Moines, Iowa
Dothan, Ala.
Duluth—
Superior, Minn.—
Wis.
El Paso, Tex.
Eugene—
Springfield, Oreg.
Fayetteville, N.C.
Fitchburg—
Leom inster, Mass.
Fort Smith, Ark.—
Okla.
F rede rick—
Hagerstown, Md.—
Chambersburg,
Pa.—
Martinsburg, W. Va.
Gadsden—
Anniston, Ala.
Goldsboro, N.C.
Grand Island—
Hastings, Nebr.
Great Falls, Mont.
Guam
Harrisburg—
Lebanon, Pa.
Huntington—
Ashland, W. Va.—
Ky.—
Ohio
Knoxville, Tenn.
Laredo, Tex.
Las Vegas, Nev.
Lima, Ohio

Copies of public releases are or w ill be available at no cost while supplies last from any of
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark.
Log an sport—
Peru, Ind.
Lorain—
Elyria, Ohio
Lower Eastern Shore, Md.—
Va.—
Del.
Lynchburg, Va.
Macon, Ga.
Madison, Wis.
Mansfield, Ohio
Marquette, Escanaba, Sault Ste. M arie, Mich.
McAllen—
Pharr—
Edinburg and Brownsville—
Harlingen—
San Benito, Tex.
Medford—
Klamath Falls—
Grants P ass, Oreg.
Meridian, Miss.
Middlesex, Monmouth, and Ocean C os., N.J.
Mobile, Ala. and Pensacola, Fla.
Montgomery, Ala.
Nashville—
Davidson, Tenn.
New Bern—
Jacksonville, N.C.
North Dakota
Norwich—
Groton—
New London, Conn.
Orlando, Fla.
Oxnard—
Simi Valley—
Ventura, Calif.
Panama City, Fla.
Peoria, 111.
Phoenix, A riz.
Pine Bluff, Ark.
Portsmouth, N.H.—
Maine— ass.
M
Pueblo, Colo.
Puerto Rico
Reno, Nev.
Richland-Kennewick—
Walla Walla—
Pendleton, Wash.—
Oreg.
Riverside—
San Bernardino—
Ontario, Calif.
Salina, Kans.
Sandusky, Ohio
Santa Barbara—
Santa Maria—
Lom poc, Calif.
Savannah, Ga.
Selma, Ala.
Sherman—
Denison, Tex.
Shreveport, La.
Sioux Falls, S. Dak.
Spokane, Wash.
Springfield, 111.
Springfield—
Chicopee—
Holyoke, Mass.—
Conn.
Stamford, Conn.
Stockton, Calif.
Tacoma, Wash.
Tampa— Petersburg, Fla.
St.
Topeka, Kans.
Tucson, Ariz.
Vallejo—
Fairfield-Napa, Calif.
Waco and Killeen—
Temple, Tex.
W aterloo-Cedar Falls, Iowa
West Texas Plains

Reports for the following surveys conducted in the prior year but since discontinued are also available:
Grand Forks, N. Dak.
Sacramento, Calif*
San Angelo, T ex**
Wilmington, Del.—
N.J.—
Md.*

Abilene, Tex.**
Billings, Mont.*
Corpus Christi, T e x *
Fresno, Calif.*
* Expanded to an area wage survey in fiscal year 1975.
** Included in West Texas Plains.

See inside back cover.

The fourteenth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, chief accountguits, attorneys, job analysts, directors of personnel, buyers, chem ists, engineers, engineering technicians, drafters, and
clerica l employees is available. Order as BLS Bulletin 1837, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Technical, and C lerical Pay, March 1974, $1.40 a copy, from any of the BLS regional sales
offices shown on the back cover, or from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington, D.C. 20402.




Area Wage Surveys
A lis t of the latest available bulletins o r bulletin supplem ents is p resen ted below .
A d ir e cto r y of are a wage studies including m o re lim ite d studies conducted at the request of the Em ploym ent
Standards A d m in istra tion of the D epartm ent o f L abor is available on request. B u lletin s m ay be p u rch ased fr o m any of the BLS re gion al o ffic e s shown on the back c o v e r . B ulletin supplem ents m ay be
obtained without c o s t, w here in d ica te d , fr o m BLS regional o ffic e s .
A rea

B u lletin num ber
and p r ic e *

A k ro n , O hio, D ec. 197 4_____________________________________ _____________________ _____ Suppl.
F ree
F re e
Albany^-Schenectady-T r oy , N .Y ., Sept. 1974---------------- ----------------------------------------- -------- Suppl.
A lbuquerque, N. M e x ., M a r. 1974 2____________________________________________________Suppl.
F ree
Allentown— ethlehem — a ston , P a.— J . ,M ay 1974 2 _________ ________________________ Suppl.
B
E
N.
F ree
Anaheim —
Santa Ana— arden G ro v e , C a lif., O ct. 1974 1
G
______ _______________________ _ 1850-9, 85 cents
F re e
Atlanta, G a ., M ay 1974------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------------------------------Suppl.
Austin, T e x ., D ec. 1974_________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
B a lt im o r e , M d ., Aug. 1974_____________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F re e
P
O
F ree
Beaum ont— o rt Arthur— ra n ge, T e x .,M ay 1974 2 _____________ ___________________ __ Suppl.
B illin g s , M on t., July 1974 1________ ____________________________________________________ 1850-6, 75 cents
Bingham ton, N .Y .- P a ., July 1974---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
F re e
B irm in gh am , A la ., M a r. 1975----------------------------------------—---------------------------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
B o is e C it y , Idaho, N ov. 1973 2 ____ ___________________________________________________ Suppl.
F re e
F re e
B o s to n , M a s s ., Aug. 1974________________________________________________________ _____ Suppl.
B u ffa lo, N .Y ., O ct. 1974________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F re e
B u rlin g ton , V t., D ec. 1973 2 ____________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F re e
F re e
C ant on , O hio, May 1975_____ _______________________________ ______________________ _____ Suppl.
C h a rleston , W. V a ., M a r. 19742 _______________________________________________________ Suppl.
F re e
C h a rlo tte , N .C ., Jan. 1974 2 ____________________________________________________________Suppl.
F ree
C hattanooga, T e n n .-G a ., Sept. 1974__________________________ —-----------------------------------Suppl.
F re e
C h ic a g o , 111., May 1974 1 _______________________________________________________________ 1795-27, $ 1.10
C in cin n a ti, O h io-K y .—
Ind., F eb . 1975____________________________ _______________ _____ Suppl.
F ree
C le vela n d , O h io, Sept. 1974 1___________________________________________________________ 1850-17, $ 1.00
F ree
C o lu m b u s, O h io, O ct. 1974___ ________________________________ _________________________ Suppl.
C orpu s C h r is t i, T e x ., July 1974 1______________________________________________________ 1850-3, 75 cents
D a lla s , T e x . , O ct. 1973 2 _______________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F re e
D allas— o rt W orth, T e x ., O ct. 1974___________________________________________________ Suppl.
F
F re e
M
111., F eb . 1975-------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
F re e
D avenport—R ock Island— o lin e , Iowa—
D ayton, O hio, D e c. 1974 1 ______________________________________________________________ 1850- 14, 80 cents
Daytona B ea ch , F la ., Aug. 19 74 1 ______________________________________________________ 1850-1, 75 cents
D e n v er, C o lo ., D e c . 1973 2________ -— -— ------------------------- ----------------- --------------------------Suppl.
F ree
D en vex^ B ou lder, C o l o ., D ec. 1974 1_____________________________ _____________________ _ 1850- 15, 85 cents
Des M oin es , Iow a, M ay 1974 2 ------------ ------------------------------------ --------------------------------- — Suppl.
F ree
D e tr o it, M ic h ., M ar. 1975___________________________________________________________-— 1850-22, 85 cents
D urham , N .C ., D ec. 1973 2_____________________________________________________________ 1795-9, 65 cents
F o rt L auderdale—H ollyw ood and W est P a lm Beach— oca Raton, F la., A p r. (1974------ Suppl.
B
F ree
F o r t W orth, T e x ., O ct. 1973 2___________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F re e
F r e s n o , C a l i f . 1 3______________________ ---- -------------------------- ------------------------------------------G a in e s v ille , F l a ., Sept. 1974 1 ----------------------------------------------- -------------------------------------- 1850-11, 75 cents
G reen B a y , Wi s ., J uly 1974_____________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F re e
G re e n s b o ro —W inston -S alem —
High P oin t, N .C ., A ug. 1974 1------------------------------------------ 1850-2, 80 cents
F ree
G r e e n v ille , S .C .. M ay 1974_____________________________________________________________ Suppl.
H a rtford , Conn. 1 3_________________ - ____________________________________________________
H ouston, T e x ., A p r. 1975-----------------Suppl.
F ree
H untsville , A la ., F eb . 1975—___________________________ — ------------------------------------------- Suppl.
F re e
In d ian ap olis, In d ., O ct. 1974—______
Suppl.
F ree
J ack son , Mi s s ., J an. 19 74 1_____________ ____________________________________________- — 1795- 12, 65 cents
J a c k s o n v ille , F l a ., D ec. 1974___
Suppl.
F re e
K ansas C ity, M o .-K a n s ,, Sept. 1974---------------------------------------------------------------------Suppl.
F re e
L a w ren ce—H a verh ill, M a s s .—N .H ., June 1974 2________________________________________ Suppl.
F re e
L exington— a yette, K y ., Nov. 1974__________________________ —--------------------------- -------- Suppl.
F
F ree
L ittle R ock— orth L ittle R o ck , A r k ., July 1973 2-----------N
Suppl.
F re e
L os A n geles—Long B ea ch , C a lif ., O ct. 1974------------------------Suppl.
F ree
L os Angeles—Long B ea ch and Anaheim —
Santa Ana— arden
G
G ro v e , C a lif ., O ct. 1973 2 _____________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F re e
L o u is v ille , K y.— d ., Nov. 1974 1______________________ ___ ______ ____________________— 1850- 12, 80 cents
In
L u b b ock , T e x . , M ar. 1974 2_____________________________________ ___________________ _— Suppl.
F re e
M ane he ste r , N .H ., July 1973 2 _______________— ------------------------------------------------------------ Suppl.
F ree
M elbourne— itu sv ille—C o c o a , F l a ., A u g. 1974 1 -------- -— ------------ -------------------------------- 1850-5, 75 cents
T
* Prices are determ ined by the Governm ent Printing O ffice and are subject to change.

1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
2 No lon ger surveyed.
3 T o be surveyed.




A rea

Bulletin num ber
and p r ice * __

M e m p h is, Tenn.—A rk.— is s ., Nov. 1974------- ----------—-------- ------ ----------------------------------- Suppl.
M
F ree
F re e
Mi a m i, F la ., O ct. 1974-------- ----------- -— ------------ —----------------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
M idland and Ode s s a, T e x ., J an. 19 74 2 -----------— ---------------------- —---------------------------------Suppl.
F ree
M ilw aukee, W is ., A p r. 1975 1---------------------- ------- ----------------- — ---------— ------------------------- 1850-21, 85 cents
M in neapolis—
St. P a u l, Minn.— is ., Jan. 1975 1------------------------------------------------------------ 1850-20, $ 1.05
W
M
F ree
M uskegon— uskegon H eigh ts, M ic h ., June 19742 -------------- —--------------------------------------Suppl.
N assau -S u ffolk , N .Y .1 3 ________________________________________________________________
N ew ark, N .J., Jan. 1975 1 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1850-18, $ 1.00
N ewark and J e r s e y C ity, N. J . .J an. 19 74 2 --------------------------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
F ree
New Haven, C on n ., J an. 19 74 2 ------------------------------------------------------ ------------------------------- Suppl.
New O rle a n s , L a ., J an. 19 75-------- -------------------------- ------------------ -----------------------------------Suppl.
F ree
New Y o r k , N .Y .-N .J . 1 3_________________________________________________________________
New Y o r k and Nass au—
Suffolk, N .Y ., A p r. 1974 2-------------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
N orfolk— irg in ia Beach— ortsm ou th , Va.—N.C. 3 --------------------------------------------------------V
P
N orfolk— irg in ia B each— ortsm ou th and N ewport News—
V
P
Ham pton, V a ., J an. 1974_____________________________________________ —---------------------- Suppl.
F re e
N ortheast P en n sylva n ia , Aug. 1974 1----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1850-8, 80 cents
O klahom a C ity, O k la ., Aug. 1974 1—-----------— ------------------------------------- ------------------------ 1850-7, 80 cents
Omaha, N e b r.—
Iowa, O ct. 1974 1______ __ ______________________________________________ 1850- 10, 80 cents
P a te rso n —
Clifton— a s s a ic , N .J., June 1974______________________ — -------------—------------ Suppl.
P
F re e
Ph iladelphia, P a .— .J ., Nov. 1974--------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
N
F re e
P h oen ix, A r i z ., June 1974 2____ —----------------------------------------------------- —-------------------------- Suppl.
F re e
F re e
P ittsburgh, P a ., Jan. 1975-------------------------------------------------------- — — ------- --------------------- Suppl.
P ortlan d , M a in e , Nov. 1974-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
P ortlan d , O reg.— a s h ., M ay 1974 1 --------------------------- -------------------------------------------------- 1795-26, 85 cents
W
P o u g h k e e p sie , N .Y. 1 3_______________________________________—------ —-----------------------------Pou ghkeepsie—
King st on—N ewburgh, N. Y ., June 1974----------------------------- ---------------------- Suppl.
F ree
P ro v id e n ce — arw ick— a w tucket, R .I.— a s s ., M ay 1974 1-------------------------------------------- 1795-24, 80 cents
W
P
M
R aleigh, N .C ., D ec. 1973 1 2 ___________________________________________________________ 1795-7, 65 cents
Raleigh— urham , N .C ., F eb . 1975-------- ------------------------------------ —— —-------------------------- Suppl.
D
F re e
R ichm ond, V a ., M ar. 1974 1 ------------------ —------- ------------------------------------------------------------- 1795-25, 80 cents
San B ern a rd in o— ntario, C a lif., D e c . 1973 2 _____ ________________________ Suppl.
O
F re e
R iv e r side—
R o c k fo r d , 111., J une 1974 2 __—------------- —----------------------------------------------------- ----------------- Suppl.
F ree
St. L o u is , M o.—
111., M ar. 1975________ ____________________ ________ ______ ___________ Suppl.
F re e
S acram en to, C a lif., D ec. 1974 1 _______________________________________________________ 1850-19, 80 cents
Saginaw, M ic h ., Nov. 1974 1 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1850-16, 75 cents
Salt Lake City— gden, U tah, N ov. 1974____________________ _________________________ Suppl.
O
F re e
San Antonio, T e x ., M ay 1975----------- „-------------------------------------------------------------«.--------------- 1850-23, 65 cents
San D iego, C a lif., Nov. 1974 1_____ ______________________________ ____________ ___ ______ 1850- 13, 80 cents
San F r a n c is c o —
Oakland, C a lif., M ar. 1974----------------------------. ------- ------- ------------ „-------- Suppl.
F ree
San J o s e , C a lif., M ar. 1974_____________________________________ ____ _____ _____________ Suppl.
F re e
Savannah, G a ., M ay 1974 2 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
S c r ant on , P a ., July 1973 1 2------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1795-^3, 55 cents
F ree
Seattle— v e re tt, W a s h ., J an. 1975__________________________ _______ „__________________Suppl.
E
Sioux F a lls , S. D ak., D ec. 1973 2 ------- ----------- — _____________________ _________________ Suppl.
F ree
South Bend, Ind., M ar. 1975______ ______. __________________________— __________________Suppl.
F ree
Spokane, W a s h ., J une 19 74 2________________________________ __________________________ _ Suppl.
F ree
S y r a c u s e , N .Y ., J uly 19 74 1---------------- ------------ -------------------------------------------------------------- 1850-4, 80 cents
St. P e te r s b u r g , F l a ., Aug. 1973 2_____________ _______________ ___ _____________ Suppl.
F ree
T amp a—
T o le d o , Ohio— ic h ., Apr. 1974_______________________________ _________________________ Suppl.
M
F ree
T rent on, N. J ., Sept. 1974______________________________________ ____ ___ ________________ Suppl.
F re e
W ashington, D .C .— d.— a ., M ar. 1974__ —_______________________ ____________ ____*___Suppl.
M
V
F re e
F ree
W aterbu ry, C on n .,M ar. 19 74 2 __________ ________________________________ __ ___________ Suppl.
W a te rlo o , Iowa, Nov. 1973 1 2 ____________________________ ___ __________________________ 1795-5, 60 cents
W e s tch e s te r County, N .Y 3 ______ ___________ __________________ ________________________
W i chit a, K a n s ., A p r. 1975______________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s .,
May 1974_____________________________„___ „_________ ___________ Suppl.
F re e
Y o r k , P a ., F eb . 1974____________________ _______ ______________ _______ ___ _____________ Suppl.
F re e
Youngstown— arren , O hio, Nov. 1973 2 ------- --------------------------------------— ---------------------- Suppl.
W
F ree

T H IR D C L A S S M A IL
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20212

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

OFFICIAL BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE $300

LAB -441

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T I S T I C S R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S
Region I
1603 J F K Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 2 23-6 761 (Area Code 61 7)
Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Verm ont

Region V
9 th Floor, 2 30 S. Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 606 04
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)
Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio

Wisconsin



Region II
Suite 3400
1515 Broadway
New Y o rk , N .Y . 10036
Phone: 9 71-5405 (Area Code 212)
New Jersey
New Y o rk
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Region V I
Second Floor
555 G riffin Square Building
Dallas, Te x. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Texas

Region III
P.O. Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 597-1154 (Area Code 21 5)
Delaware
District o f Colum bia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Regions V II and V III
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut SL,, 15th Floor
Kansas C ity, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)
V II
Iowa
Kansas
Missouri
Nebraska

V III
Colorado
Montana
North Dakota
South Dakota
Utah
W yoming

Region IV
Suite 54 0
1371 Peachtree St. N. E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone:526-5418 (Area Code 404)
Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee
Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code
IX
Arizona
California
Hawaii
Nevada

X
Alaska
Idaho
Oregon
Washington


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102