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51 . ^

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AREA WAGE SURVEY
Greensboro—Winston Salem—High Point, North Carolina,
Metropolitan Area, August 1974
B u lle t in 1 8 5 0 - 2




VA.

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
_
Bureau of Labor Statistics
SUUJHWE5T MISSOURI STATE
UNIVERSITY LIBRARY
U. S. DEPOSITORY COPY

17
96




ANNOUNCEMENT
Area Wage Survey bulletins will be issued once every 3 years.
These bulletins will contain information on establishment practices and
supplementary benefits as well as earnings. In the interim years,
supplements containing data on earnings only will be issued at no
additional cost to holders of the Area Wage bulletin. If you wish to
receive these supplements, please complete the coupons listed on
page 31 of this bulletin and mail to any of the BLS regional addresses
listed on the back cover. No further action on your part is necessary.
Each year, you will receive the supplement when it is published.

Preface
This bulletin provides results of an August 1974 survey of occupational earnings and
supplementary wage benefits in the Greensboro—
Winston Salem—
High Point, North Carolina,
Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area (Davidson, Forsyth, Guilford, Randolph, Stokes, and
Yadkin Counties). The survey was made as part of the Bureau of Labor Statistics' annual
area wage survey program. The program is designed to yield data for individual metropolitan
areas, as well as national and regional estimates for all Standard Metropolitan Statistical
Areas in the United States, excluding Alaska and Hawaii.
A major consideration in the area wage survey program is the need to describe the
level and movement of wages in a variety of labor markets, through the analysis of (l ) the
level and distribution of wages by occupation, and (2) the movement of wages by occupational
category and skill level. The program develops information that may be used for many
purposes, including wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and assistance
in determining plant location. Survey results also are used by the U.S. Department of Labor
to make wage determinations under the Service Contract Act of 1965.
Currently, 79 areas are included in the program. (See list of areas on inside
back cover.) In each area, occupational earnings data are collected annually. Information
on establishment practices and supplementary wage benefits is obtained every third year.
Results of the next two annual surveys, providing earnings data only, will be issued as
free supplements to this bulletin. The supplements may be obtained from the Bureau's
regional offices. (See back cover for addresses.)
Each year after all individual area wage surveys have been completed, two sum­
mary bulletins are issued. The first brings together data for each metropolitan area
surveyed. The second summary bulletin presents national and regional estimates, projected
from individual metropolitan area data.
The Greensboro—
Winston Salem—
High Point survey was conducted by the Bureau's
regional office in Atlanta, Ga., under the general direction of Donald M. Cruse, Associate
Assistant Regional Director for Operations. The survey could not have been accomplished
without the cooperation of the many firms whose wage and salary data provided the basis
for the statistical information in this bulletin. The Bureau wishes to express sincere
appreciation for the cooperation received.

AREA W A G E SU R VEY

B u lle tin 1 8 5 0 -2

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, Peter J. Brennan, Secretary

December 1974

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTIC S, Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

Greensboro—Winston Salem —High Point, North Carolina, M etroplitan Area, August 1974
CONTENTS

Page

Introduction___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

2

T ables:
A. Earnings:
A -l. Weekly earnings of office workers----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------3
A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical w orkers_______________________________________________________________ 5
A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex___________________________________ 6
A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance and powerplant workers_____________________________________________________________ 7
A-5. Hourly earnings of custodial and material movement w orkers_______________________________________________________
8
A-6.
Average hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant, custodial, andmaterial movement workers, by sex_______ 10
A-l.
Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts.. 1
1
B. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:
B -l.
Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks___________________________________________________
B-2.
Late-shift pay provisions for full-time manufacturing plant w orkers_______________________________________________
B-3.
Scheduled weekly hours and days of full-time first-shift workers___________________________________________________
B-4.
Annual paid holidays for full-time w orkers_______________________________________________________ ____________________
B-4a. Identification of major paid holidays for full-time w orkers__________________________________________________________
B-5.
Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers______________________________________________________________________
B-6.
Health, insurance, and pension plan provisions for full-time w orkers_____________________________________________
Appendix A.
Appendix B.




12
13
14
15
16
17
20

Scope and method of survey___________________________________________________________________________________________ 22
Occupational descriptions_____________________________________________________________________________________________ 25

For sale b y the Superintendent o f D ocum ents, U .S . G overn m en t Prin tin g O ffic e , W ashington, D. C . 20402, G PO Bookstores, or
BLS R e g io n a l O ffic e s listed on back c o v e r. P ric e 80 cents. M a k e checks p a y a b le to Superintendent o f Docum ents.

1

Introduction
maintenance workers, and unskilled plant workers. This measure of
wage trends eliminates changes in average earnings caused by employ­
ment shifts among establishments as well as turnover of establishments
included in survey samples. Where possible, data are presented for all
industries, manufacturing, and nonmanufacturing. Appendix A discusses
this wage trend measure.

This area is 1 of 79 in which the U.S. Department of Labor's
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings and
related benefits on an areawide basis. In this area, data were obtained
by personal visits of Bureau field economists to representative estab­
lishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transpor­
tation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail
trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major industry
groups excluded from these studies are government operations and the
construction and extractive industries. Establishments having fewer than
a prescribed number of workers are omitted because of insufficient
employment in the occupations studied. Separate tabulations are provided
for each of the broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

B-series tables
The B -series tables present information on minimum entrance
salaries for office workers; late-shift pay provisions and practices for
plant workers in manufacturing; and data separately for plant and office
workers on scheduled weekly hours and days of first-shift workers; paid
holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans.

A-series tables
Tables A - 1 through A-6 provide estimates of straight-time
hourly or weekly earnings for workers in occupations common to a
variety of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupations
were selected from the following categories: (a) Office clerical, (b) pro­
fessional and technical, (c) maintenance and powerplant, and (d) custodial
and material movement. In the 31 largest survey areas, tables A -la
through A-6a provide similar data for establishments employing 500
workers or more.

Appendixes
This bulletin has two appendixes. Appendix A describes the
methods and concepts used in the area wage survey program. It provides
information on the scope of the area survey and information on the area's
industrial composition in manufacturing. It also provides information
on labor-management agreement coverage. Appendix B provides job
descriptions used by Bureau field economists to classify workers in
occupations for which straight-time earnings information is presented.

Following the occupational wage tables is table A - 7 which
provides percent changes in average earnings of office clerical work­
ers, electronic data processing workers, industrial nurses, skilled




2

A. Earnings
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Greensboro—Winston Salem—High Point, N.C., August 1974
W eekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number

O ccupation and in d u s try d iv is io n
workers

N u m bei o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t- tim e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—
t

i

80

weekly
houre1
(standard)

Mean ^

Median ^

Middle ranged

5

*

85

90

t

*

95

100

s

105

s

S

110

120

»

130

*

140

s

*

*

150

160

170

S

180

1

190

S

2 00

S

210

f

220

*

230

t

240

and
under
90

95

~

85

250
and

1

~

7

8

100

105

120

130

140

9

110

2

1

-

-

150

160 170

180

2

190

200

210

220

230

240

250 o v e r

19

MF.N ANO WOMEN COMBINED

B IL L E R S , MACHINE (B IL L IN G
MACHINE I -----------------------------

42

3 9 .0

1 4 3 .5 0

1 5 5 .0 0

1 1 0 .0 0 - 1 7 8 .0 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -----------------------------------------

$

$

i

$

81

4 0 .0

1 3 7 .0 0

1 4 1 .0 0

1 3 5 .0 0 - 1 4 4 .0 0

-

-

4

-

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------------------

44

4 0 .0

1 2 1 .5 0

1 2 3 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ----MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------

324
214
110

39. 5 1 4 2 .5 0
3 9 .5 1 3 8 .5 0
3 9 .5 1 5 0 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ----MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------

653
447
206
31

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS A ---------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------

43
31

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS B ---------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------

-

15

1

42

11

*

-

-

-

-

-

1

9
-

2
1
1

1 1 9 .5 0 - 1 3 3 .0 0

-

-

3

6

1

-

1

15

_
-

-

i

-

5
2
3

11
7
4

46
40
6

66
45
21

43
30
13

36
20
16

38
25
13

34
24
10

14
12
2

9

-

1
1

4
5

4
1
3

1 2 3 .0 0
1 1 9 .5 0
1 3 0 .5 0
1 5 6 .5 0

1 1 7 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0
1 2 9 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0

105. 0 0 -1 3 8 .0 0
1 0 4 .5 0 - 1 2 8 .5 0
1 0 9 .0 0 - 1 4 2 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0 - 1 9 4 .0 0

_

_

67
22
45
9

49
29
20

40
30
10
-

24
20
4
“

10
7
3
~

5
2
3
1

7
1
6
6

3

1 3 7 .0 0
1 4 5 .5 0

1 3 7 .5 0
1 4 4 .0 0

1 1 7 .0 0 - 1 5 0 .0 0
1 3 7 .5 0 - 1 5 4 .5 0

_

8

9
9

7
7

3
3

1
1

1
1

-

-

136
112

3 8 .5 1 0 7 .5 0
38 . 5 1 C 4 .5 0

1 0 4 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0

9 8 .0 0 - 1 1 5 .0 0
9 8 .0 0 - 1 0 7 .0 0

_

3
“

-

-

1
1

-

-

“

~

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS C ---------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NCNWANUFACTURING -------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------

199
50
149
72

3 9 .0 1 0 3 .0 0
9 2 .0 0
9 4 .0 0
9 4 .5 0
4 0 .0
3 8 . 5 106. 50
9 2 . 00
4 0 .0 1 2 3 .5 0 1 1 7 .5 0

8 8 .5 0 - 1 0 1 .5 0
9 0 .0 0 - 9 5 .5 0
8 8 .5 0 - 1 1 1 .5 0
9 0 .0 0 - 1 5 1 .5 0

21
21
9

44
13
31

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------

311
226
85

3 9 .5 139. 00 1 3 2 .5 0
39 . 5 131. 50 1 3 0 .0 0
3 9 .5 1 5 8 .5 0 1 5 0 .0 0

1 1 3 .0 0 - 1 5 9 ,0 0
1 1 0 .0 0 - 1 4 6 .5 0
1 3 5 .0 0 - 1 9 0 .0 0

_
-

4
4

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ----MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------

208
60
148
40

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 5 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0
1 4 1 .5 0 1 3 7 .5 0
1 5 3 .5 0 1 6 2 .0 0
164. 50 1 6 5 .5 0

1 3 1 .0 0 - 1 7 0 .0 0
1 3 1 .0 0 - 1 4 5 .0 0
1 3 3 .0 0 - 1 7 2 .0 0
1 6 2 .0 0 - 1 6 9 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ----MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------

705
452
253
65

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 1 7 .5 0
1 1 7 .0 0
1 1 9 .0 0
1 3 8 .5 0

1 1 5 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0
1 3 6 .0 0

1 0 7 .0 0 - 1 2 4 .5 0
1 0 6 .5 0 - 1 2 3 .0 0
1 0 9 .5 0 - 1 2 5 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0 - 1 4 9 .0 0

-

MESSENGERS ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NQNMANUFAC T U R IN G --------------------

125
57
68

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

109. 50 1 0 8 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0 1 0 7 .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0 1 0 8 .0 0

9 4 .5 0 - 1 1 8 .5 0
9 3 .0 0 - 1 2 4 .5 0
9 5 .5 0 - 1 1 6 .0 0

“

13
11
2

SECRETARIES ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------

1 ,5 7 0
850
720
206

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 7 .5 0
1 4 9 .5 0
14 5 . 00
1 5 2 .5 0

1 4 0 .5 0
1 4 2 .0 0
1 3 8 .0 0
1 4 9 .0 0

1 2 5 .0 0 - 1 6 2 .0 0
1 2 5 .5 0 - 1 7 2 .0 0
1 2 4 .0 0 - 1 5 6 .5 0
1 2 5 .0 0 - 1 6 5 .5 0

_
-

_
-

-

-

2

-

1

-

-

2
2

18

136. 00 1 2 3 .0 0 - 1 5 7 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0 1 2 1 .0 0 - 1 5 5 .0 0
1 4 9 .5 0 1 2 9 .5 0 - 1 6 5 .0 0

-

-

31
25
6

66
64
2

59
42
17
-

66
31
35

133
102
31
9

90
72
18

_

_

1
“

4
2

8

1

“

_

-

~

7
7

26
11

14
12

s

56
13
43
18

20
17
3
*

10
7
3
“

1

11

1

10

-

8

16

11
9

1
1

10
10

*

8

16
16

11
11
*

12
11
1

20
16
4

46
35
11

25
22
3

46
42
4

40
23
17

17

8
5
3

35
31
4

11
4
7

11
1
10

-

-

-

-

29
11
18

19
2
17

34
19
15

29
15
14
9

8
3
5

31
6
25
22

36
1
35
4

20
2
18
5

1
1

222
148
74
12

137
97
40
11

53
38
15
12

37
23
14
14

15
a
7
4

10
2
8
7

5

1
1

-

5
5

“

-

64
50
14
3

51
22
29
15

1

1

-

-

1
1

1
1

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

~

~

-

~

-

-

-

“
-

2

1
1
1

1
1

12
12

1

1

1
“

-

-

~

-

6
6
-

*

35
35

-

-

-

3
3

28
28

-

-

8

9

18
18

8

8

9

19
6
13
“

116
84
32

21
6
15

11
9
2

13
2
11

19
3
16

21
10
11

11
6
5

8
5
3

4
4

1
1

2
2

1
1

-

4
-

8
-

46
36
10

43
25
18

161

287
123
164
54

208
116
92
20

250
154
96
23

150
62
88
30

73
31
42
23

70
56
14
5

77

12
8
4

4

8

72
31
41

77

84
9

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




i

3

52
25
15

~

3

4

3

4

5
~
5

”

-

-

-

1

-

1
1

~
-

-

“

-

-

-

1

-

“

~

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

“

~

-

-

*

-

-

29
19
10
2

17
12
5
1

14

2

16

8
6
4

2
1

7
9

1

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Greensboro— Winston Salem— High Point, N .C., August 1974— Continued
Weekly earnings
(standard)

O ccu p ation and in d u s try d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
weeklyhours 1
(standard)!

*

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t- tim e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—
S
80

Mean

^

Median

£

Middle ranged

*

t

90

85

S

$
95

i
100

1
105

S

S

*
110

120

130

l
140

I
150

s

t
160

170

s
180

S

*
200

190

s
210

S

*
220

230

and
under

*
240

250

90

-

100

-

95

105

110

120

130

27

31

5

-

-

9
-

18

-

85

140

150

160

15

27

29

4

9

3

-

2

1

20

56

44

71

18
2

24
32

37
7

49

“

55
14
41

29

19
17

14
6

46
14

109

81

106

74

41

33

63

37

2

8

32

68
18

48
6

43
10

37

12
4

23

86

104

42

13

45

10

41

43
61

56
19

13
29

”

9

5

26

21

170

180

190

200

5

9
6

22
19

10

2
3

3

3

1

38
9

24
19

4

8

2
2

8

12

5

-

20
16

31
29

32
30

33
29

2
1

2

4

10

4
3

1

3

8

16

10

6

19

11

4
6

13

7
9
9

6

2
4
3

1
18
13

13
4

9
-

57
47

74
59

29

5

2

_

-

1

210

220

230

240

and

250

over

HEN AND WOMEN COMBINE0-CONTINUED

SECRETARIES - CONTINUED
SECRETAR IF S , CLASS A --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NCN MANUFAC T U R IN G ----------------------------

156
124
32

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

$
1 6 2 .0 0
1 6 1 .5 0
1 6 2 .5 0

$
$
$
1 4 6 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 - 1 8 3 .5 0
1 4 5 .0 0 133. 5 0 -1 8 2 .0 0
1 6 2 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 - 1 9 0 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ---------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

375
227
148

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 5 0 .5 0
1 4 9 .0 0
1 5 2 .0 0

1 4 4 .0 0
1 4 1 .5 0
1 5 0 .5 0

1 2 8 .5 0 - 1 6 3 .5 0
1 2 6 .5 0 - 1 6 7 .0 0
1 3 7 .5 0 - 1 6 2 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ---------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------

616
344
272
65

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
39. 0
4 0 .0

1 4 9 .5 0 1 4 1 .0 0
1 5 5 .0 0 1 4 9 .5 0
142. 50 1 3 6 .5 0
1 5 6 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0

125. 5 0 -1 6 3 .0 0
1 3 1 .0 0 - 1 8 0 .5 0
1 2 3 .0 0 - 1 5 0 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0 - 1 8 6 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 ---------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING---------------------------PUBL IC U TIL IT IE S ------------------------

423
155
268
66

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 6 .5 0
1 2 7 .5 0
1 4 2 .0 0
1 5 3 .0 0

1 2 6 .0 0
1 2 2 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0
1 4 9 .0 0

1 1 5 .5 0 - 1 4 5 .0 0
111. 0 0 - 138. 50
1 1 7 .5 0 - 1 5 0 .0 0
1 3 8 .0 0 - 1 6 7 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ---------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTUPING ---------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------

283
158
125
89

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .0

1 3 9 .5 0
1 3 8 .0 0
141. 50
1 5 0 .5 0

1 4 6 .0 0
1 4 7 .5 0
1 4 0 .5 0
1 5 1 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

389
294

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 4 3 .0 0
1 4 9 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS -----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

103
48
55

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATO R-RECEPTIO NISTSMANUFAC T U R IN G --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUBLIC U T IL I T I E S ------------------------

325
178
147
28

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE CPERATCRS,
GENERAL -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

-

*

-

-

_

_

_

15

-

-

~

-

15

6
6

~
-

-

-

-

1
~

-

1

-

22

9

3

1

1

6

-

-

1

6

3

1

-

-

2

1

18

6
6

5

3

2

5

2

_
-

-

-

1

-

19

14

10
9

13

7
6

-

6

2
-

7
6

1
1

3

1

1
1

_
-

3

-

-

8

4

2

_

-

-

-

-

11

8

4

2

-

-

“

-

-

—
-

_

1

1

_

_

_

-

-

1

3

7

7

-

-

3

8

-

~

-

-

3

8

8

1 2 7 .5 0 - 1 5 1 .5 0
1 3 2 .0 0 - 1 5 0 .5 0
1 2 1 .5 0 - 1 6 8 .5 0
1 3 3 .0 0 - 1 6 8 .5 0

_

-

1

18

10

-

15

2
8

5

16

10

15

29

5

2

-

12

18
17

10

14

29

3

1

-

-

-

1
1

—

~

11
2

—

-

-

-

1 5 2 .0 0
1 5 8 .5 0

1 2 0 .0 0 - 1 6 5 .0 0
125. 5 0 - 166. 50

-

-

10

48
23

60
44

20
7

18
15

64

80

48
43

8
7

i
i

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 1 6 .5 0
1 3 0 .5 0
1 0 4 .0 0

1 1 4 .0 0
1 2 4 .5 0
9 0 .0 0

9 0 .0 0 - 1 3 2 .5 0
1 1 5 .5 0 - 1 4 8 .5 0
8 6 .0 0 - 1 1 6 .0 0

9

9

1

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

1

9

9

15

39. 5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1C8. 50
1 0 3 .5 0
1 1 4 .0 0
1 2 3 .0 0

1 0 6 . 00
1 0 0 .0 0
1 1 4 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0 - 1 1 5 .0 0
100. 0 0 -1 0 7 .5 0
1 0 4 .0 0 - 1 2 0 .0 0
1 1 3 .5 0 - 1 2 5 .0 0

8

-

34
26

156
77

3 8 .5
4 0 .0

1 1 6 .5 0
1 1 4 .5 0

1 1 5 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0 - 1 2 5 .0 0
9 6 .0 0 - 1 3 4 .0 0

T Y P IS T S , CLASS A --------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

204
60
144

3 8 .0 1 3 3 .5 0
38 . 0 1 4 7 .5 0
3 8 .0 1 2 7 .5 0

1 2 5 .0 0
1 4 8 .0 0
1 1 9 .5 0

1 1 7 .0 0 - 1 5 4 .5 0
1 4 1 .0 0 - 1 5 8 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0 - 1 2 8 .5 0

T Y P IS T S , CLASS B --------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------

466
157
309
214

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 2 1 .0 0
1 2 3 .5 0
1 2 0 .0 0
1 2 3 .0 0

1 1 5 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0

1 0 2 .5 0 - 1 3 8 .0 0
1 1 0 .5 0 - 1 4 1 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0 - 1 3 2 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0 - 1 3 8 .0 0

-

_
1

3

-

10

15

5

33
15

“

-

2

61

75

18

-

4

7

12

18

4

6

11

l

3

-

2

5

12

3

5

2

6

1

1

9
2

1

2

6
6

1
-

-

1

-

i
i
-

6

106

40

73

32

19

3

1

_

2

_

_

6

3
-

1
-

-

2

-

-

_

20

33

4

1

22

20

40

28

18

“

—

84

8

a

_

2

22
14

“

5

3

18

9

60

20

28

11

8

35
-

39
3

35

36

20

13

2

20

12

-

3
-

9

33

-

4

-

3

5

1
32

_

-

-

1
-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

2

1

5

20

3

2

_

_

-

_

-

_

_

20

18
14

37

5
*

9

2

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

4

28

1

12

11

14

13

i

_

_

_

_

_

_

1
10

14

13

i

-

5

13

12

6

38

47

61

38

68

66

44

-

6
-

5

10

40

18

22

43

2

37

1
60

9

33

29

28

29

44

1

10

9

24

23

28

28

29

43

4

47

_

1

-

-

24

2

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




~

37
13

2

-

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Greensboro—
Winston Salem—High Point, N.C., August 1974
W eekly earnings 1
(standard)

O ccu pation

Number
of

an d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

(standard)

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tra ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f —
s

$

Average
weekly

90
M ea^

Median ^

Middle ranged

$

S

100

110

!

120

$

$

130

140

150

170

$

$

t

160

180

190

t

200

210

220

230

*

S

240

260

280

$
300

t

320

and
under
100

340
and

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

260

280

300

320

340

over

MEN AMD WOMEN COMBINED

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------- —

71
61

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B ----------- —
m a n u f a c t u r in g ----------------------------NTNMANUFACTURI N G ------------------------ —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S --------------------

212
114
98
28

$
$
3 9 . 5 187. 50 1 7 6 .0 0
3 9 .5 1 8 4 .5 0 1 7 0 .5 0

$
$
1 6 0 .5 0 - 2 1 2 .5 0
160. 0 0 - 2 1 2 .5 0

3 9 .5
39. 5
3 9 .5
40. 0

1 5 5 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0
147. 00 1 4 4 .0 0
1 6 4 .0 0 1 6 1 .0 0
172. 00 1 6 5 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

18
17

12
11

7
5

5
3

2
2

6
6

9
9

5
5

2
2

3
1

"

“

1 3 8 .5 0 - 1 6 7 .0 0
1 3 8 .5 0 - 1 5 5 .0 0
1 4 4 .0 0 - 1 7 2 .5 0
1 3 0 .0 0 - 2 1 3 .5 0

6
6

1
1
-

2
2
-

50
33
17
9

28
23
5
-

27
18
9
~

35
6
29
10

25
10
15
-

7
4
3
-

3
2
1
-

1
1
1

3

4
-

1
1
~

4
4
1

1
1
“

-

-

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

”

“

13

14
11
3
-

3
3

4

2

51
29

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 4 6 .5 0
1 6 1 .0 0

1 2 7 .0 0
1 3 8 .0 0

1 1 9 .0 0 - 1 4 9 .5 0
1 1 4 .0 0 - 2 2 6 .0 0

-

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERSt
BUSINESS, CLASS A ------------------------- —

92

3 9 .5

2 3 8 .0 0

2 4 8 .5 0

1 8 2 .0 0 - 2 8 7 .0 0

*

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -------------------------- —
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------- —
NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

146
74
72

3 9 .5 2 C 3 .0 0 2 0 3 .5 0
3 9 .5 2 1 5 .0 0 2 1 2 .5 0
3 9 . 5 1 9 0 .5 0 1 8 3 .0 0

1 7 3 .5 0 - 2 2 3 .0 0
2 0 4 .0 0 - 2 3 0 .5 0
1 5 8 .0 0 - 1 9 9 .5 0

-

3 9 .5

3 1 2 .0 0

119
51
68

3 9 .0 2 7 4 .0 0 2 6 7 .5 0
3 9 . 0 2 8 3 . 00 2 7 6 .0 0
3 9 .0 2 6 7 .5 0 2 6 7 .5 0

104
90

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 1 9 .5 0 2 2 0 .5 0
2 2 1 .0 0 2 2 2 .5 0

1 9 0 .0 0 - 2 4 7 .0 0
1 9 0 .0 0 - 2 4 8 .0 0

DRAFTERS, CLASS B ----------------------------------- ___
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

107
88

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 8 7 .0 0 1 9 0 .0 0
19 0 . 00 1 9 0 .0 0

1 7 1 .5 0 - 2 0 2 .0 0
1 7 9 .0 0 - 2 1 0 .5 0

0RAFT6RS, CLASS C --------------------------- —
MANUFACTURING----------------------------- —

130
114

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 7 .5 0
1 3 6 .5 0

1 3 2 .5 0
1 2 2 .5 0

1 2 0 .0 0 - 1 4 2 .5 0
1 2 0 .0 0 - 1 4 0 .0 0

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS ---------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

257
132

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

2 24. 00 2 2 5 .0 0
2 4 9 .0 0 2 6 5 .0 0

2 0 8 .5 0 - 2 6 5 .0 0
2 4 8 .0 0 - 2 6 5 .0 0

-

ELECTRUNICS TECH NICIANS, CLASS BMANUFACTURING ----------------------------- —

132
37

39. 5 2 1 4 .0 0 2 C 8 .5 0 2 0 8 .5 0 - 2 2 7 .5 0
3 9 .0 217. 00 2 2 5 . 00 1 8 4 .0 0 - 2 4 8 .0 0

-

___

83
77

12
7

16
3

2
2

5
2

2
1

-

13

~

-

-

30
3
27

26

6
6

2
2

22
4
18

“

7
7

21
18
3

5
5

3
3

1

2

2

16

4

7

15
12
3

13
11
2

12
12
“

3
2
1

4
4
“

11
2
9

24

20

19
15

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED! MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

*

W o r k e r s w e r e d is trib u te d as fo llo w s :

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 8 4 .0 0
1 8 5 .0 0

1 8 5 .5 0
1 8 6 .5 0

1 6 1 .0 0 - 2 0 5 .0 0
1 6 1 .0 0 - 2 0 5 .0 0

17

-

_

-

19
12

-

15
15

22
21

7
7

24
14

3
3

14
14

6
6

-

-

11

-

1

1

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

22
14

85
85

5
5

-

-

-

13
5

3
3

17
9

1
1

4
4

-

4
4

1
1

-

2
2

-

-

1
1

l
1

-

21
3

2

4
3

6

5
3

7
6

1

77

~

3
3

14
5

3
3

-

3
3

4
3

1

”

3
3

2
2

16
15

2
2

11

14

7

20

11

14

5

10

2 at $340 to $360; 5 at $360 to $380; 2 a t $380 to $400; 1 at $400 to $420; and 1 at $420 to $440.

5

“

5
5

2
2

1

”

-

1
1

3
2

-

-

6
6

-

-

15

-

7
4

“

*11

-

5
2

77

15

-

1
1

-

—

~

14
12

3
3

“

“

28
27

-

5

“

62
59

“

3

3
3

7
6

“

~

2
2

“

“

28
10
18

-

30
30

21
21

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .




21
12

15

-

—
-

-

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,

-

“

3
3

2 5 0 .0 0 - 2 9 2 .0 0
2 5 6 .0 0 - 3 0 7 .0 0
238. 5 0 -2 9 2 .0 0

3 1 9 .5 0

-

~

-

2 9 7 .0 0 - 3 3 6 .0 0

71

————------

3
3

~

“

17

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C -------N’JNMANUE 4CTUR I N G ------------------------

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUblNfcbbf LLAbb A ——————

-

~

”
-

“

-

-

Table A -3 . Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex
in Greensboro— Winston Salem— High Point, N .C., August 1974
Average
(m ean 2)
W eekly
earnings1
(standard)

MEN

37

3 9 .5

$
1 5 7 .5 0

CLERKS,

45

3 8 .5

1 4 2 .OC

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

1 5 3 .0 0

WOMEN

B IL L E R S , MACHINE (B IL L IN G
MACHINE) ----------------------------------------------

1 4 3 .5 0

[standard)

W eekly

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

1 ,3 9 4
850
206

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ---------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

148
124

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 6 0 .5 0
1 6 1 .5 0

339

3 9 .5

227

3 9 .5

1 5 0 .0 0
1 4 9 .0 0

344

3 9 .0

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A ---------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

42
37

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 9 3 .0 0
1 8 9 .0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

62

3 9 .0

1 5 4 .5 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
BU SINESS, CLASS B ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

87
59

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

2 1 6 .0 0
2 2 0 .0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BU SINESS, CLASS A -----------------------------

SECRETARIES -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------

50

3 9 .0

3 3 2 .0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

111
51

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

2 7 3 .5 0
2 8 3 .0 0

DRAFTERS, CLASS A -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

102
88

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 1 8 .5 0
2 2 0 .0 0

DRAFTERS, CLASS B --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

107
88

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 8 7 .0 0
1 9 0 .0 0

1 5 5 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------

1 4 9 .0 0
1 4 9 .5 0
1 5 2 .5 0

1 5 6 .0 0

398

3 9 .0

1 3 8 .0 0

155
243
66

3 9 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

1 2 7 .5 0
1 4 5 .0 0
1 5 3 .0 0

65

44

4 0 .0

1 2 1 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

258
177

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

1 4 1 .5 0
1 3 5 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

608
423
185

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

1 2 1 .5 0
1 1 9 .0 0
1 2 8 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ---------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------

283
158

3 8 .5
3 9 .0

1 3 9 .5 0
1 3 8 .0 0

125
89

3 8 .0

1 4 1 .5 0

3 8 .0

1 5 0 .5 0

DRAFTERS, CLASS C --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

102
89

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 0 .5 0
1 4 0 .0 0

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS A -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

38
29

3 8 .0
3 8 .5

1 3 9 .5 0
1 4 6 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

389

3 9 .0

294

3 9 .0

1 4 3 .0 0
1 4 9 .5 0

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS ------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

251
132

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

2 2 6 .0 0
2 4 9 .0 0

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS C -----------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------------

199
50
149
72

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

1 0 3 .0 0
9 4 .0 0
1 0 6 .5 0
1 2 3 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

95
48
47

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

1 1 7 .5 0
1 3 0 .5 0

ELECTRONICS TECH NICIANS, CLASS BMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

132
37

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

2 1 4 .0 0
2 1 7 .0 0

3 9 .0

1 0 4 .5 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 3 5 .5 0
1 2 7 .5 0
1 5 6 .0 0

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 0 8 .5 0

283
206
77

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTION IS T S MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------

325

CLERKS, PAYROLL --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

1 1 4 .0 0

28

3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 3 .0 0
c

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 ---------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

o

1 3 7 .0 0

Number
of

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

o

81

3 9 .0

o

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------------------------

42

o

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------------------------------------------------

Sex, occu p ation , and in d u s try d iv is io n

W eekly
earnings1
(standard)

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ---------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

25

o

------------------------------

o
*

T Y P IS T S , CLASS B
NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S

----------------

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

Average
(m e a n 2)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------ACCOUNTING, CLASS B

Sex, occu p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv is io n

o

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

Average
(m ean ^
Number
of
workers

*
o

S ex, occu p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv is io n

Number
of
w oiken

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------

196
60
136
40

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 5 1 .0 0
1 4 1 .5 0
1 5 5 .5 0
1 6 4 .5 0

156

3 8 .5

1 1 6 .5 0

77

4 0 .0

1 1 4 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------

633
452

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 1 8 .5 0
1 1 7 .0 0

178
147

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

1 0 3 .5 0

----------------

25

o

1 8 1 .0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B ---------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

91
52

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 6 .5 0
1 3 7 .5 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -----------------------------

46

3 9 .5

1 8 1 .5 0

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

82
76

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 8 4 .0 0
1 8 5 .5 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A

MESSENGERS --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

65
74
44

3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0

1 3 8 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0
1 0 6 .5 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------T Y P IS T S , CLASS A --------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------T Y P IS T S , CLASS B --------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------

202

3 8 .0

60

3 8 .0

1 4 7 .5 0

142

3 8 .0

1 2 8 .0 0

1 3 3 .5 0

441

3 9 .5

1 1 9 .5 0

157
284

4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 2 3 .5 0
1 1 7 .0 0

189

4 0 .0

1 1 9 .0 0

See footnote at end of tables.




E a rn in g s data in ta b le A - 3 r e la te o n ly to w o r k e r s w h ose sex
id e n tific a tio n w as p r o v id e d by the e s ta b lis h m e n t.
E a rn in g s data in
ta b le s A - l and A - 2 , on the o th e r hand, r e la te to a ll w o r k e r s in an
o ccu p ation .

6

Table A -4 . Hourly earnings of maintenance and powerplant workers in Greensboro
Winston Salem— High Point, N .C., August 1974
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a rn in g s of—

Hourly earnings3

O ccu pation and in d u s try d iv is io n

1 -------- i----------i------ 1-------- 1
-------- *
-------- i--------- $
-------- i -------- i -------- 1-------- i -------- *
------- i--------- 1
-------- 1-------- 5
-------- i-------- 5
-------- 1
-------- *-------- 1
---------

Number
of
Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

2 .6 0 2 .8 0
U nder
$
and
_
2 .6 0
under

3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 .8 0
_

4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 . 6 0 4 . 8 0 5 . 0 0

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

2 .8 0 3 .Q 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 ,6 0

18
18

28
28

21
21

3
3

6
6

“

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

“

18
18

10
7

11
11

2
*

-

“

6
6

-

-

_

_

_

-

_

14
11

53
53

-

13
13

3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0

_

_

4 ,6 0 4 .8 0

5 .2 0

_

5 .4 0

_

_

5 , 0 0 5 , 20 5 ,4 0

5 .6 0 5 .8 0 6 .0 0 6 .2 0
_

_

_

5 ,6 0 5 ,8 0 6 .0 0

_
6 ,2 0

6 .4 0 6 .6 0
_

6 ,4 0

6 .6 0

6 .8 0

_

l nd
6 .8 0

over

MEN AND WOMEN CCWBINED
$
BOILER TENDERS -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

105

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

9 7
80

E LE C T R IC IA N S , MAINTENANCE --------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

3 26
314

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------

160
148
47
47

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES -----MANUFACTURING -------------------------MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) -----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTUPING --------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------

105

792

$

$

$

3 .4 1 |
3 .4 1

3 .1 4
3 . 14

2 .8 7 2 .8 7 -

4 .4 8
4 .4 8

4 .6 3

4 .4 8
3 .9 1

3 .6 4 3 .5 7 -

5 .6 8
5 .6 8

4 .7 0
4 .6 2

4 .4 8 -

5 .8 6

_

_

4 .4 8 -

5 .8 6

-

“

5 .1 7

5 .6 7

4 .0 1 -

5 .8 6

-

-

5 .1 5

5 .6 8

3 .9 5 -

5 .8 6

*

4 .1 9

4 .1 7

3 .9 6 -

4 .9 6

1

4 .1 9

4 . 17

3 .9 6 -

4 .9 6

1

4 .9 9

4 .5 0
5 .2 1
5 .2 0

6
6

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

104

3 .7 5

4 .5 5
3 .8 3

3 .8 5 3 .2 2 -

6 .8 0
4 .4 5

688

5 .1 8

4 .5 5

4 .0 0 -

6 .8 0

66 5

5 .1 9

4 .5 5

4 .0 0 -

MECHANICS, M AIN TEN AN C E--------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

49 3
48 8

5 .3 6

5 .6 8

5 .3 4

5 .6 8

4 .7 2 4 .5 7 -

PAIN TE R S, MAINTENANCE ----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

57
31

5 .1 0

5 .0 0

4 .7 5 -

5 .6 8

5 .2 5

5 .6 8

3 .8 9 -

5 .6 8

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS --------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

197

5 .7 4
5 .7 4

5 .6 5

197

5 .6 5

5 .5 5 5 .5 5 -

*

_

1
1

-

_

-

*

-

-

6
5

80
80

19
19

5
5

1
-

_

-

6
6

1
-

12
12

2
-

3
3

2
-

6
5

_

2
2

19
19

15

26
1
25
25

1
1

-

~

“

1
1

11
11

5
5

1
1

15
15

43
7
36
36

27
18
9
9

11
2
9
9

67
67
67

38
29
9
9

76
2
74
74

18
18
18

167
28
139
123

15
14

-

10
10

15
15

1
1

16
16

26
26

1
1

53
53

24
24

-

1
1

3
3

4
3

2
2

2

_

-

10

-

15
15

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

A l l w o r k e r s w e r e at $6.80 to $7.

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




7
6

-

6 .6 3
6 .6 3

-

-

5
3

-

-

-

27
27

9
9

“

-

5 .6 8
5 .6 8

-

-

-

6 .8 0

_
-

19
19

-

7

-

-

-

-

22
22

_

-

24
24

1
1

3
3

79
79

7
5

34
33

19
19

_

-

_

5

5
3

_

3

-

-

-

3
2

-

16
16

-

-

9
2
7
6

233
233

15
15

30
30

16

-

5
4

-

_

25
25

30
30

-

14
14

11
11

*248

-

*

-

-

3

8
“

1

1

2

9

-

-

-

-

1

2

9
9

248
248

_

-

-

“

45
45

5
-

5
5

-

62
62

-

1

14
14

2
2

3
3

10

_

-

17
17

-

-

3

_

_

54
54

42
42

2
2

_

_

_

Table A -5 . Hourly earnings of custodial and material movement workers in Greensboro—
Winston Salem— High Point, N .C ., August 1974
Hourly earnings *

Num be r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t- tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs o f--2 .0 0

$
*
2 . 10 2 .2 0

s
*
%
2 .3 0 2 .AO 2 .6 0

$
2 .8 0

S
3 .0 0

S
3 .2 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 . AO 2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 . AO 3 .6 0

252
21

37
15

A8
~

30
18

AA
39

112
110

65
65

11
10

1A
13

-

-

-

-

-

22

29

8

A

-

*
1 .9 0

Number
O ccu p ation and in d u stry d iv is io n
workers

Mean 2 Median2

Middle range 2

i

t
*
3 .AO 3 .6 0

*
3 .8 0

S
}
S
%
%
S
A 00 A . 20 A.AO A . 60 A . 80 5 .0 0

3 .8 0

A . 00

4 .20

A.AO

6
5

A
1

1

-

-

$
5 .2 0

S
$
5 . AO 5 .6 0

and
under

*
5 .8 0
and

A . 60 A . 80 5 .0 0

5. 20 5. AO 5 .6 0

5 .8 0 o v e r

MEN AND WOMEN CCMB I NED

GUARD? AND WATCHMEN--------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

7A7
390

$
2 .7 3
3 .1 0

$
2 .A 5
2 .7 5

$
$
2 . 0 0 - 2 .8 6
2 . 6 0 - 3 .8 3

-

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

107

3 .5 5

3 . 09

2 . 8 6 - A .A 8

-

WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

283

2 .9 3

2 .6 8

2 . A 5 - 2 .8 6

-

21

15

-

18

39

88

36

2

9

-

-

5

1

JAN ITO RS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ---MANUFACTURING --------------------------------N3NMANU FAC T U P IN G --------------------------PUBLIC U TIL I T I E S -----------------------

2 ,0 0 6
980
1 ,0 2 6
82

2 .6 1
2 .9 1
2 .3 2
3 .5 5

2. 50
2 .6 3
2 . 00
3 .6 8

2 .0 0 2 .5 0 2 .0 0 2 .6 5 -

2 .7 0
3 .0 5
2 .2 5
3 .7 8

A
A
*

607
2
605
“

128
29
99
“

95
10
85

35
32
3
“

A09
370
39
6

2A7
195
52
22

8A
78
6
A

125
8A
A1
2

1A
9
5
“

2
1
1

A5
15
30
28

18
A
14
“

11
11
-

155
1A6
9
7

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------

3 , 12A
1 ,9 0 2
1, 222
1 ,0 3 1

3 .7 2
3 .5 0
A . 06
A . 08

3 .7 0
3 .7 0
3 .9 0
3 .8 5

2 .9 0 2 .6 3 3 .3 1 3 .3 0 -

A . 35
A . 35
A.AO
A.AO

~

1A
9
5

18
18
-

12
9
3

A5
A5
~

299
299

251
23A
17

160
6A
96
96

196
137
59
55

17 5
30
1A5
126

156
156
150

AOA
33A
70
5A

196
11
185
185

63
4
6A
A5

ORDER FILLE R S -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

A 3A
190

3 .2 A
3 .3 9

2. 78
2 .7 9

2 .5 0 2 .7 0 -

3 .9 5
A .8 A

-

-

-

76
62

29
15

22
22

-

55

-

46
18

1

*

51
9

_

-

A8
6

PACKERS, S H IPPIN G ------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

386
201

3 .3 7
3 .2 3

3 .0 7
3 .0 7

2 .7 5 2 .7 5 -

A . 20
3. 2 A

-

-

-

A3
15

2

9
9

75
57

29
19

60
50

5
4

19
3

1

RECEIVING CLERKS -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

217
93
12A

3 .2 6
3 .2 2
3 .2 8

3 .1 0
3 .0 7
3 .1 0

2 . 5 5 - 3 .6 6
2 . 8 5 - 3 .6 6
2 . 5 0 - A.AO

_
-

11

10

18
18

-

15

11

10

2A
~
2A

15
15
“

31
21
10

3
3
~

29
10
19

S H IP P IN G CLERKS ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

A7
33

A .A 2
A . 79

A . 32
A. A5

3 .5 5 A .32-

17
3

SH IPPIN G AND RECEIVING CLERKS ------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

62
62

3 .5 0
3 .5 0

3 .2 0
3 .2 0

2 . 8 0 - A . 16
2 . 8 0 - A . 16

-

2, 313
858
1, A55
1 ,0 6 3

A . 09
3 .A 2
A .A 9
A . 73

A . 20
2 .8 7
A. AO
A . 50

3 . 0 0 - A . 70
2 . 8 2 - 3 .6 0
A . 2 0 - A . 70
A . 2 0 - A . 70

-

TRUCKDRIVFRS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------TRUCK DR I VERS, MEOIIJM 1 1 -1 / 2 TQ
AND INCLUDING A TCNS) ----------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------TRUCKDRI VERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS
TRAILER TYPE) -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------

*
**

797
306
A91

1 , 3A6
875
7A3

A l l w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 6.40 to $ 6.60.
W o r k e r s w e r e d is trib u te d as fo llo w s :

See fo o tn o te s

A . 06
3 .5 0
A.A 1

A . 23
A . 71
A . 78

A.AO
2 .9 2
A. AO

A . 20
A. A 5
A . 20

~

“

-

-

5 .1 8
5 .2 5

3 . 0 0 - A . 70
2 . 8 2 - 5 .2 0
A . 2 0 - A. 70

3 . 1 8 - A . 70
A . 2 0 - A . 70
A . 2 0 - 6 .7 0

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

10

A2

10

A2

_

_

_

_

~

~

—

-

-

_

2
2

1
1

21
21

2
2

10
10

17
15
2

75
61
1A

A28
A10
18

9A
77
17

11
1
10

103
95
8

60
A9
11

_

309

33
6

1A
12
2

57
57
'

_

1 at $ 6.20 to $ 6.40 and 200 at $ 6.60 to $ 6.80.

at end o f ta b le s .




15

8

3

2

~
11
10

3

5

78
77

18
16

7

-

28

16

-

A9
12
A
8
3

621
576
A5
A5

13
-

A2
9

_

15
1A
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

-

162
13
1A9
1 AO

11A
87
27

12
3
9

33
6
27

18
18

1A7
1A0
1 AO

17
-

-

21
3
18
"

3

5

3

~

~

-

~

-

-

-

-

A
1
3
1

1
1
~

2
2
1

313
11A
199
117

49
18
31
18

A
4
-

_
-

30
2

8
2

A
A

A9
A9

1
1

52
-

9
-

6
5

21
19

8
6
2

1
I

2A
2A

*

_
-

3
3

6
6

6
6

_

_

“

_

"

21
21

-

-

3
“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
2

6
6
6

_
-

_
—
-

-

-

_
-

1
1
-

1AO
2
2 *1 AO
1AO
-

-

1
-

-

11
10

1
-

1
1

-

-

1
1
“

3
2
1

3
2
1

_
-

-

-

6

6
6

1
1

_

-

6
6

2
2

2
2

1
1

2
2

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

1A
3
11
~

352
3
3A9
3A5

313
A6
267
63

318
10
308
306

10
10
9

2
2
“

8A
8A
-

A5
A5
-

_

97
97

105
105

200
200

1

2
2

8A
8A

_

-

255
252
252

19A
1A9
A5

11A
108
108

9
9
9

_

_

”

1A
11

“

L

1

_
-

-

-

6

_ **2 0 1
201
200
_

-

-

11
-

“

“

11

A5

_
-

190
190
189

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of custodial and material movement workers in Greensboro—
Winston Salem—High Point, N.C., August 1974— Continued




9

Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant, custodial, and material movement
M.C., Augi
Average
(mean2)
hourly
earnings3

S ex, o ccu p ation , and in d u s try d iv is io n

105
105

$
3 .41
3 .41

CA R PE N TE R S , MA INTENANCE ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------

J A N I T O R S , PO RT E RS , AND CLEANERS —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------PURL IC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

1 ,4 3 2
754
678
70

2 .6 6
2 .88
2 .43
3 .64

4 .1 9
4 .1 9

LABURE RS , MA TE RI A L HANDL ING -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------N 3NMANUFACTUR I N G -----------------------------------PU B L IC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

3, 004
1,7 83
1, 221
1 ,0 3 1

3 .71
3 .4 6
4 .0 6
4 .0 8

4 .9 9
3 .7 5

ORDER F I L L E R S ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------

172
111

3 .70
3 . SC

PACKERS, S H I P P IN G ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------

286
147

3 .50
3 .31

RECE IV I N G C L E R K S -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NON MANUFACTURE N G ------------------------------------

197
93
104

3 .35
3 .22
3 . m7

S H I P ° I N G CLERKS ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------

47
33

S H I P P I N G ANC R E C E I V I N G CLERKS -------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

62
62

3 .50
3 .5 0

TRUC KDR IVER S -----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTUR I N G ------------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

2 ,313
858
1,455
1,0 63

160
148

5 .17
5 .15

H E L P E R S , MAINTENA NC E TRADES -----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------

792
104
665
493
488

P A I N T E R S , MAINTENANCE ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------

57
31
197
197

5 .1 0
5 .25
5 .7 4
5 .7 4

C U S T OD IA L AND MA TE RI AL MO VEMENT
O C C U P A T I O N S — MEN

79 7
306
491

$
4 .0 6
3 .5 0
4 .4 1

TR U C K D R IV ER S , HEAVY (OV ER 4 T O N S ,
T R A I L E R T Y P E ) -----------------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------PU B LI C U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------------

1, 346
875
743

4 .2 3
4 .7 1
4 .7 8

TR UC KE RS , POWER ( F O R K L I F T ) --------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------

894
811

4 .0 8
4 .0 2

T RU CKE R S, POWER (O T H ER THAN
F O R K L I F T ) ---------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------

109
96

2 .98
2 .7 1

766
36 5
401

3 .85
3 .3 7
4 .2 8

574
226
348

2 .46
3 .01
2.10

737
382

2 .73
3 .1 0

100
54

2 .99
3 .0 2

MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTUR ING ------------------

C U S T OD IA L AND MATERI AL MOVEMENT
OC CU PA TIO N S- WO ME N
J A N I T O R S , PORTE RS, ANC CLEANERS
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

4 . 0 9 ORDER F I L L E R S
3 .42
4 . 4 9 PA CKE RS, S H IP P IN G
MANUFACTURING 4 .7 3

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




CO NTI N UE D

T R U C K D R IV E R S , MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND IN C LU D IN G 4 T C N S ) -------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

68 8

M E C HA N IC S, MAINTENA NC E -------------------------------MA NUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ---------------------------------------MANUFA CT URIN G ------------------------------------------------

T RU CKD RIV ERS -

4 .4 2
4 .7 9

E N G I N E E R S , S T A T IO N A R Y ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

TOCL AMD D IE MAKERS ---------------------------------------MA NUF ACTURING -------------------------------------------------

$
3 .5 8

2 .9 3

5 .2 1
5 .2 0

ME CH A N IC S, AU TO MO TIV E
( M A IN T E N A N C E ) -----------------------------------------------------MA NUF ACTURING -----------------------------------------------n c n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------------

99

283

2 26
3 1A

m a n u fa ctu r in g

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------

Average
(mean2)
hourly
earnings3

S ex, o ccu p ation , and in d u s try d iv is io n

C U S T OD IA L AND MAT E RI AL MOVEMENT
O C C U P A T I O N S - M E N — CON TI N UE D

WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------

MAINTENANCE -----------------------------------------------------------------------

ELECTR ICIAN S,

Number Average
(mean2)
of
hourly
woikers
earnings3

CU ST OD IA L AND MA TE RI AL MO VEMENT
0C CU PA T 10 NS -M EN— CO NT IN UE D

MA INT ENANCE AND PCWERPLANT
OC CU PA TIO N S - MEN
B O IL E R TENDERS -----------------------------------------------------MAriUEACTUP IN G .---------------------------------

S ex, o ccu p ation , and in d u s try d iv is io n

E a rn in g s data in ta b le A - 6 r e la te o n ly to w o r k e r s w h ose s e x
id e n tific a tio n w as p r o v id e d by the esta b lis h m e n t.
E a rn in g s data in
ta b le s A - 4 and A - 5 , on the o th e r hand, r e la te to a ll w o r k e r s in an
occu p ation .

10




Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts
N O T E : D ata f o r ta b le A - 7 a re not a v a ila b le f o r the G r e e n s b o r o —
W in ston S a lem — igh P o in t s u rv e y s in ce th is is the f i r s t y e a r a s u rv e y
H
o f c o m p a ra b le sco p e w as con du cted in the a re a .
R e fe r e n c e to ta b le A - 7 in the stan d ard te x t o f the b u lle tin does
not apply to th is a re a .

11

B. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions
Table B-1. Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks in
Winston Salem—High Point, M.C., August 1974
In e x p e rie n c e d ty p is ts
M an u factu rin g
M in im u m w e e k ly s tr a ig h t-tim e s a l a r y 4

A ll
in d u s trie s

O th er in e x p e rie n c e d c le r ic a l w o r k e r s 5

N on m an u factu rin g

M an u factu rin g

B ased on stan d ard w e e k ly h o u rs 6 o f—
A ll
sch edu les

37l/i

A ll
sch edu les

40

37‘/2

A ll
sch edu les

40

N on m an u factu rin g

B a sed on stan dard w ee cly hours 6 o f—

A ll
in d u s trie s

37 */2

A ll
sch edu les

40

37 V2

40

.

135

67

XXX

XXX

68

XXX

XXX

135

67

XXX

XXX

68

XXX

X XX

E sta b lis h m e n ts h avin g a s p e c ifie d m in im u m ________________

30

16

6

10

14

4

8

58

28

9

19

30

5

22

-

1
2
3
-

3
-

1
2
2
-

3
3
4
1

1
1
2

1
1
2
1
1
1
1
■

1

-

-

2
1
2
2
1
2

1

1
2
2
*

1
3
5
2
3
3
1
1

E s ta b lis h m e n ts stu died

______________________ _____ ____

$70.00 and under $72.50 ____________________________________
$72.50 and under $ 75.00 ____________________________________
$75.00 and under $77.50 ____________________________________
$77.50 and under $80.00 ____________ ________________________
$80.00 and under $82.50 ____________________________________
$82.50 and under $85.00 _______________ ____ ________________
$ 85.00 and u n der $87.50 _________ — ------------------ -------$ 87.50 and u n der $90.00 ___________________________________
$90.00 and u nder $92.50 ___________________ _______________
$ 92.50 and u n der $95.00 _____________________ _____ ___ ____
$95.00 and u n der $97.50 ____________________________________
$ 97.50 and under $ 100.00___________________________________
$ 100.00 and under $ 102.50 ------------------- ---------------------_
$ 102.50 and under $ 105.00 _________________________________
$105.00 and under $ 107.50 _________________________________
$ 107.50 and under $ 1 1 0 .0 0 _________________________________
$ 110.00 and u n der $ 1 1 2 .5 0 _________________________________
$ 112.50 and under $ 1 1 5 .0 0 ------------------------------------------$ 115.00 and u nder $ 1 1 7 .5 0 _________________________________
$ 117.50 and u nder $ 120.00 -----------------------------------------$ 120.00 and u nder $ 122.50 ------------------------------------------>
$ 122.50 and under $ 125.00 __________________________ ___ __
$ 125.00 and o v e r _____________________________________________

1
5
6
4
i
i
4
-

"
3
"

1
-

1
1
-

-

1
5
1
1
9
10
2
5
5
1
5
1
4
-

2
1
6
2
2
4
1
4
-

4

4

i
3
'

3
"

2

E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a vin g no s p e c ifie d m in im u m -------------------

10

3

XXX

XXX

7

XXX

XXX

53

34

E s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ich d id not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in th is c a t e g o r y _________________________________________________

95

48

XXX

XXX

47

XXX

XXX

24

5

1
“

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




12

1

_

-

5

1
1

4
1
1

3
1
4
-

1
3
1
7
4
2
3
3
1
1
-

-

“

-

4

"

-

Z

-

-

-

2
1

*
~
*
“

XXX

XXX

19

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

19

XXX

XXX

3
1

2

1

1

2

1




Table B -2 . Late shift pay provisions for full-time manufacturing plant workers
in Greensboro— Winston Salem— High Point, N .C., August 1974
X A U __fu ljj-tm ie^i^jvu factu rin ^ plan t w o r k e r s = 100 p e rc e n t)
A ll w ork ers 7

W o rk e rs on la te sh ifts

Ite m
Second sh ift

T h ir d s h ift

Second sh ift

T h ir d sh ift

P ercen t o f w ork ers

In e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith la te s h ift p r o v is io n s ___

68.9

59.6

16.7

7.4

W ith no pay d iffe r e n t ia l fo r la te s h ift w o r k ____
W ith pay d iffe r e n t ia l fo r la te sh ift w o r k ________
U n ifo r m c e n ts -p e r -h o u r d iffe r e n t ia l
U n ifo r m p e r c e n t d i f f e r e n t i a l __________________
O th er d iffe r e n t ia l

25.2
43.7
28.0
13.1
2.6

10.6
48.9
38.5
8.2
2.3

6.1
10.6
7.7
2.6
.3

2.0
5.4
5.C
.3
.1

17.9
9.3

18.7
10.4

19.0
9.3

12.0
10.4

5.2
2.0
4.6
1.8
1.7
9.3
2.6
.7
-

12.6
7.4
2.3
1.4
.5
1.7
11.9
.7

1.9
.3
.9
.1
.2
2.9
1.1
.4
-

2.8
.7
.2
.1
.2
.2
.7
-

2.3
10.8

6.4
1.8

.5
2.1

.3
.1

2.6

2.3

.3

.1

A v e r a g e pay d iffe r e n t ia l
U n ifo r m c e n ts -p e r -h o u r d iffe r e n t ia l
U n ifo r m p e rc e n t d iffe r e n t ia l _
P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s b y type and
am ount o f pay d iffe r e n t ia l
U n ifo rm c e n ts - p e r - h o u r :
5 c e n t s ____________________________________________
7 ‘ A cents
10 cents
_
_
__
_ _
15 cen ts .
...
_
20 cents
_
_ ____
22 cen ts
2 5 cents
27 cen ts
28 cents
.......... ..
28 Vm cen ts . . . . . . . . .
3 5 cen ts _
... _
_
_ .
,
70 *A cen ts
U n ifo r m p e rc e n t:
6 p e rc e n t
10 p e r c e n t . _________ __ _____
12 p e r c e n t . __ __
O th e r d iffe r e n t ia l:
F u ll d a y 's pay fo r red u ced h o u r s _________ __

-

See fo o tn o te at end o f ta b le s .

13

-

Table B -3. Scheduled weekly hours and days of full-time first-shift workers in Greensboro—

Winston Salem—High Point, N.C., August 1974
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Ite m
A l l in d u s trie s

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

100

100

100

1

-

.
-

10
10

12
12

-

-

A l l in d u s trie s

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s b y sch ed u led
w e e k ly hou rs and days

A ll fu ll- t im e w o r k e r s ------------------------------------

_ --------

20 hou rs— 5 d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------25 hou rs— 5 d a y s ___________________________________________________
35 h ou rs— 5 d a y s - _______ ____________ ___ ________________________
3 5 V2 h ou rs— 5 d a y s ------------ .
---------- —
— — —
36 h ou rs— 5 d a y s ------------------------------------------------362 h ou rs— 5 d a y s -------------------------------------------------------------/j
37 h ou rs— 5 d a y s —
--------------------- ---------------------------------37V2 h o u rs ---------------------------------------------------------------------------5 d a y s __ _____ ______ ___ __ _______ _____ _____ ___________________
5Vz d a y s --------------------------------------------------------------------------38 h o u r s ------------------------------ —---------------------------------------------4 d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------5 d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------383 h ou rs— 5 d a y s -------------------------------------------------------------/4
40 h ou rs— 5 d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------42 h o u r s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------3 V2 d a y s ________ __ _______ _______________ _____ ______________
6 d a y s ________ ____ _ __ _____ _______ „_____________
_
4 2 V2 h o u rs— 5 d a y s -------------------------------------------------------------44 h o u r s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------5 d a y s ------------------------------------------------------------- -------—-----5 V2 d a y s --------------------------------------------------------------- --------6 d a y s -----------------------------------------------—---------------------------45 h o u r s ________________ _______ ____ ___ _________ ____ ____________
_
5 d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------5 V2 d a y s --------------------------------------------------------------------------48 h o u r s --------------------------------------------------------- -------------------5 d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------6 d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------50 h ou rs— 5 d a y s ------------------------------------------------------------------

(9)
2

(’ )
(’ )

-

_
_
77
_
-

-

62
2
1

63
2
2
3
3
10
9
1
11
1
10

(!)
(9)
3
2

1
9
9
1
10
2
9
1

100

100

100

_

_
_
_
_
_
28
27
1
-

_
_
_
_
_
13
13
15
15

n

(9)
69
_
-

(9)
(9)
(9)
-

(9)
-

(? )
(9)

(’ )
(9)

72
_
_
-

.

9
9
-

(9 )
4
2

31
30
(9)
2
2
(’ )
60
_
_
-

-

-

-

1

2

-

-

-

-

1

2

-

-

14

-

*

-

41. 2

41. 8

3 9 .1

39. 5

3 9 .4

A v e r a g e sch ed u led w e e k ly hou rs
A l l w e e k ly w o r k s c h e d u le s ---- ---- ---------------------------- —----------

41. 1

See fo o tn o te at end o f ta b le s .




14

Table B -4. Annual paid holidays for full-time workers in Greensboro— Winston Salem— High Point, N .C., August 1974
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m

A l l in d u stries

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A l l in d u stries

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

100

100

P e rc e n t of w ork ers

A l l f u ll- t im e w o r k e r s _______________________________________

100

In e s ta b lis h m e n ts not p ro v id in g
paid h o lid a y s ___________ ____ ____________________________________
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
p a id h o lid a y s --------------------------------------------------------------------

17

16

83

100

100

84

100

99

99

100

6. 4

6. 2

7 .9

7. 0

7 .1

7. 3

7

9
3
6
20
16
3
3

.

100

1

1

A v e r a g e nu m ber o f paid h o lid a ys
F o r w o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts
p r o v id in g h o lid a y s ---------------------------------------- ----- ------------P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s by num ber
o f paid h o lid a ys p r o v id e d 1
0
2 h o lid a y s ------------------- ---------------------------------------------------3 h o lid a y s --------------------------------------------------------------------------4 h o lid a y s --------------------------------------------------------------------------5 h o lid a y s --------------------------------------------------------------------------6 h o lid a y s --------------------------------------------------------------------------6 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf d a y --------------------------------------------------7 h o lid a y s __________________________________________________________
8 h o lid a y s -------------------------------------------------------------------------8 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf d a y --------------------------------------------------9 h o lid a ys —__ _ _____________________________________ _____________
_
10 h o lid a y s _________________________________________________________
10 h olid a ys plus 1 h a lf d a y ______________________________________
11 h o lid a y s ------------------------------------------------------------------------12 h o lid a y s ____________ ____ ________________________________________
13 h o lid a y s _________________________________________________________

2
5

17
20
(* )
4
4

-

29

21
-

-

-

17
5
(’ )
2
1

15
6
(9)
-

-

(9i

(9)

-

83
77
75
70
53
34
33

84
75
72
67
46
31
31

1
(9)
2
8
36
1
10
11
2
24
1

50
-

1
1

3

1

2
1
4

15
23
5
10
-

33
2
2
2
-

n

P)

99

99
97
96
92
77
54
54
49
38
38
6

~
-

45
32
23
-

P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s by to ta l paid
h o lid a y tim e p r o v id e d 1
1
2 days o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------------------------3 days o r m o r e ------------------------------------------------------------------4 days o r m o r e --------------------------------------------------------- --------5 days o r m o r e ------------------------------------------------------------------6 days o r m o r e ------------------------------------------------------------------6Vz days o r m o r e ---------------------------------------------------------------7 days o r m o r e ____________________________________________________
8 days o r m o r e ------------------------------------------------------------------8 V2 days o r m o r e ------------------------ --------------------------------------9 days o r m o r e ------------------------------------------------------------------10 days o r m o r e ----------------------------------------------------------------I 0 V2 days o r m o r e ________________________________________________
11 days o r m o r e ----------------------------------------------------------------12 days o r m o r e ----------------------------------------------------------------13 d a y s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

29

28

25
25

25
25

8

9

3
3
1
(’ )

100
100
100
100
100
71
71
71
50
50
"
-

(9)
(’ )

3
3

-

(’ )

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




98
98
96
87
51
50
40
29
27
3
2
2
1

15

4
2

(9>
(9)

100
100
100
100
100
55
55
55
23
23
-

Table B-4a. Identification of major paid holidays for full-time workers in Greensboro—

Winston Salem—High Point, N.C., August 1974
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m 1
0

A l l in d u s trie s

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A l l in d u s trie s

M an u factu rin g

100

100

100

100

100

61

100
36
36
60
53

85

100
20
20
78
32

P u b lic u tilitie s

P e rc e n t o f w ork ers

A l l fu ll- t im e w o r k e r s -------------------------------------------------Mew Y e a r 's D a y ----------------------------------------------------------------W ash in gton 's B ir th d a y -------------------------------------------------------G ood F r i d a y ----------------------------------------------------------------------E a s te r M o n d a y -------------------- ----------------------------------------------M e m o r ia l D a y --------------------------------------------------------------------T h ir d o f J u ly ---------------------------------------------------------------------F o u rth o f J u ly --------------------------------------------------------------------L a b o r D a y ----------------------------------------------------- --------------------V e te ra n s D a y ---------------------------------------------------------------------T h a n k s g iv in g D a y —-----------------------------------------------------------D a y a fte r T h a n k s g iv in g ------------------------------------------- -----------C h ris tm a s E v e -------------------------------------------------------------------C h ris tm a s D a y -------------------------------------------------------------------E x tra day d u rin g C h ris tm a s w e e k -----------------------------------F lo a tin g h o lid a y , 1 day 13--------------------------------------------------F lo a tin g h o lid a y , 2 days 1 -------------------------------------------------3
F lo a tin g h o lid a y , 3 days 1 -------------------------------------------------3
---------------------------------------------------------E m p lo y e e 's b ir t h d a y

100
66
3
15
74
23
3
64
83
6
72
14
19
64
(9)
14
I
3
4

-

16
78
24
4
60
83
4
69
18
20
59

-

100
100
36
100
-

35
100

-

-

17
n

6
24

2

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .




18

92
2
10
94
18
(’ )
93
97
12
97
20
24
94
7
11
2
4
5

-

15
97
21
1
87
96
20
96
34
36
89
22
1
1
2

-

100
100
20
100
27
100
8
(*>
~
28

Table B -5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Greensboro—
Winston Salem— High Point, N .C., August 1974
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m
A l l in d u stries

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A l l in d u stries

M an u factu rin g

100

100

100

100

P u b lic u tilitie s

P ercen t o f w o rk ers

A ll fu ll- t im e w o r k e r s

_

100

__

In e s ta b lis h m e n ts not p ro v id in g
paid v a c a tio n s
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g

100

6

6

-

-

-

94
44
49
1

94
34
60
1

100
86
14
-

99
98
2
-

100
97
3
-

100
100
-

24
31

30
31

_

_

( 9)

(9)

36
_
-

3
68
2
1

3
68
2

61
-

3
50
4
36
(’ )

4
49
4
36

(9)
12

1
15
84
-

16
84
-

2
38

___ _____

2
41

(9)

A m ou n t o f paid v a c a tio n a ft e r : 14
6 m on th s o f s e r v ic e :

1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e :

-

47
8
45
-

-

87
(9)

2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e :

O v e r 1 and u n der 2 w e e k s _________ ____________ ______
2 w e e k s _. _
__ ___
______________ _

6

48
1
(9)

8

43
-

6
1
92
1

26
66
8

-

(9)

9
2

87
1
-

6
94
-

3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e :
2

2

w e e k s ______________________________________________________

28
9
54
1
1

2

30
11
49
(9)

4
1
92
1
1

7
3
87
3
(9)

93
7

8

4
1
93
1

6
2
89
1

93
-

6

2

2

14
72
8
6

4
3

4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e :
2

27
7

57
1
1

S ee fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .




2

29
9
53
(9)

14
72

7

Table B -5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Greensboro—

Winston Salem—High Point, N.C., August 1974— Continued
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m
A l l in d u s trie s

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A l l in d u s trie s

76
8
9
6

2
93
2
2
1
1

16
64
8
12
-

1
_
30
2
64
2
(9 )

16
64
8
12
*

1
28
2
66
1
2
(9)

-

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A m ou n t o f paid v a c a tio n a ft e r 1 — Continued
4
5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e :
U nder 1 w eek
1 w eek
...
_ _
O v e r 1 and u nder 2 w ee k s ...
2 w eek s
O v e r 2 and u nder 3 w e e k s _
3 w eeks
_ _
O v e r 3 and u nder 4 w e e k s ________________________________
4 w ee k s
_

1
9
3
76
3
2
1

2
9
4
77
2
1
-

10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e :
U n d er 1 w e e k
_
... .
_
1 w eek
____
O v e r 1 and u nder 2 w ee k s
___
2 w eek s
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w eek s
3 w ee k s
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w ee k s _
4 w ee k s
_
_ __
6 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------

1
7
3
46
34
1
1
(9 )

2
6
4
50
31
-

12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e :
U nder 1 w eek _ _
1 w eek ,
_ _
_
_
O v e r 1 and u n der 2 w e e k s . . .
2 w eek s
O v e r 2 and u n der 3 w e e k s _________________________________
3 w eeks
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s
4 w e e k s ________________________ ___ _____________ ____ _
6 w e e k s ._
.

1
7
3
45
36
1
1
(9 )

2
6
4
49
33
-

1
7
3
30
1
35

2
6
4
33
1
31

(’ )
16
1

-

17

(9 )

(9 )

1
7
3
30
1
19
31
1
1

2
6
4
33
1
19
29
(9 )

(9 )

(9 )

15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e :
U n d er 1 w e e k _
1 w eek
_ __ _
O v e r 1 and u nder 2 w e e k s
2 w eeks
O v e r 2 and u n der 3 w e e k s .
3 w e e k s ____________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n der 4 w e e k s
4 w eeks
O v e r 4 and u n der 5 w e e k s
6 w ee k s
20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e :
U n d er 1 w e e k
1 w eek
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2
2 w eeks
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3
3 w eek s
4 w eek s
5 w eeks ,
O v e r 5 and u n d er 6
6 w eeks
_
__

w ee k s
_ _
w ee k s

_

___

_

__ _

w e e k s ___________

~

_____

_____

.

( 9)

(9)
(9)

( 9)
(9)

_
_

89
3
3
1
(9 )

87
_

2
_

_
_

38
4
53
-

29
_

_

33
4
56
1
3
( 9)
-

1

2

-

-

-

13

-

-

14
_

73
19
8
-

52
1
32

-

1
13
25
57
3
-

-

16
69
7
8

-

(9 )

(9 )

18

64
_

2
_

-

-

7

7
-

-

-

6
_

3
C )
9

-

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




3
-

64
2
18
_

_

29
_
64

_
7
-

_
_
_
_

_
_

63
37

( 9)

-

-

_
_

2
_
14
_
32
50
2
(’ )

_
29
56
15
_

Table B -5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Greensboro—

Winston Salem—High Point, N.C., August 1974— Continued
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m
A l l in d u s trie s

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A l l in d u s trie s

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A m ount o f paid v a c a tio n a fte r 1 — C ontinued
4
25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e :
U n d er 1 w e e k
1 w e e k __ ______
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w ee k s
2 w ee k s
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ___
3 w eeks
4 w ee k s
5 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 5 and u n d er 6 w e e k s
6 w eeks

i
7
3
28
1
21
13
19
1
(’ )

2
6
4
31
1
21
11
18

M a x im u m v a c a tio n a v a ila b le : *
U n d e r 1 w e e k ________
1 w eek
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ________________________________
2 w eeks
. ...... ....
_
.
_ _
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w ee k s
3 w ee k s
4 w eeks
5 w eeks
_
_
O v e r 5 and u n d er 6 w e e k s
6 w eeks
....
... _

1
7
3
28
1
21
12
18
1
2

2
6
4
31
1
21
9
17

*

-

-

2

-

-

-

13

14

-

-

16
31
45
8
-

(’ )

-

i
-

-

19
41
25

28
19
37

29
40
31

-

-

_

(’ )

(’ )

_

-

-

-

1

2

-

-

-

-

13

14

-

-

-

16
31
45
8

-

-

-

19
40
25

28
17
37

E s tim a te s o f p r o v is io n s f o r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e a r e id e n tic a l.

19

-

-

1

3

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




.

-

-

2

29
40
31
-

Table B -6. Health, insurance, and pension plans for full-time workers in Greensboro—
Winston Salem— High Point, N .C., August 1974
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m

A l l in d u stries

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A l l in d u s trie s

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

P e rc e n t o f w ork ers

A l l fu ll- t im e w o r k e r s --------------------------------------------------

100

100

100

100

100

100

In e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g at le a s t one o f the
b e n e fits shown b e lo w 19-------------------------------------- --------------

98

100

100

99

100

100

L if e in s u r a n c e __________ ____________ ____________ _____________
N o n c o n trib u to ry p la n s ---------------------------------------------------

94
61

97
63

100
83

98
68

98
69

100
85

A c c id e n ta l death and d is m e m b e r m e n t in s u ra n c e ____________
N o n c o n trib u to ry p la n s ---------------------------------------------------

71
46

71
45

92
75

59
48

71
57

99
83

S ick n ess and a c c id e n t in su ra n ce o r s ic k le a v e
o r both 1 --------------------------------------------------------------------------6

70

69

100

91

93

93

S ick n ess and a c c id e n t in s u ra n c e ----------------------- ---- -------N o n c o n trib u to ry p l a n s ---_ ------------------------S ick le a v e (fu ll p ay and no w a itin g p e r io d )--------------------S ick le a v e (p a r t ia l p ay o r w a itin g p e r io d )----------------------

58
38
12
8

62
39
9
6

59
55
11
33

32
23
66
17

44
28
59
23

63
57
65
24

L o n g - t e r m d is a b ility in s u ra n c e -----------------------------------------N o n c o n trib u to ry p la n s ---------------------------------------------- -—

15
12

14
a

38
38

22
17

20
14

30
30

H o s p ita liz a tio n in s u ra n c e --------------------------------------------------N o n c o n trib u to ry p la n s ---------------------------------------------------

96
64

98
66

100
100

99
68

100
73

100
100

S u r g ic a l in s u ra n c e -------------------------------------------------------------N on c o n trib u to ry p la n s ---------------------------------------------------

96
64

98
66

100
100

99
68

100
73

100
100

M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e ---------------------------------- -----------------------N o n c o n trib u to ry p la n s ---------- -----------------------------------------

89
61

90
62

100
100

87
59

93
67

100
100

M a jo r m e d ic a l in s u r a n c e --------- -----------------------------------------N o n c o n trib u to ry p la n s ---------------------------------------------------

90
59

90
59

100
100

96
65

94
67

100
100

D e n ta l in s u r a n c e ----------------------- ----------------------------------------N o n c o n trib u to ry p la n s ---------- — -------------------------------------

4
3

(!)
(9)

31
31

14
12

5
3

17
17

66
61

94
86

85
71

85
73

&8
80

R e tir e m e n t p e n sio n -----------------------------------------------------— ---N o n c o n trib u to ry p la n s ------------------------------------------------- —

64
58

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .




20

Footnotes
A ll of these standard footnotes may not apply to this bulletin.

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime
at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median
designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive more and half receive less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined
by two rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn more than the higher rate.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
4 These salaries relate to formally established minimum starting (hiring) regular straight-time salaries that are paid for standard
workweeks.
5 Excludes workers in subclerical jobs such as messenger.
6 Data are presented for all standard workweeks combined, and for the most common standard workweeks reported.
7 Includes all plant workers in establishments currently operating late shifts, and establishments whose form al provisions cover late
shifts, even though the establishments were not currently operating late shifts.
8 Less than 0.05 percent.
9 Less than 0.5 percent.
1 For purposes of this study, pay for a Sunday in December, negotiated in the automobile industry, is not treated as a paid holiday.
0
1 A ll combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example, the proportion of workers receiving
1
a total of 9 days includes those with 9 full days and no half days, 8 full days and 2 half days, 7 full, days and 4 half days, and so on.
Proportions then were cumulated.
1 A Christmas—
2
New Year holiday period is an unbroken series of holidays which includes Christmas Eve, Christmas Day, New Y ear's
Eve, and New Y e a r's Day.
Such a holiday period is common in the automobile, aerospace, and farm implement industries.
1 "Floating" holidays vary from year to year according to employer or employee choice.
3
1 Includes payments other than "length of tim e ," such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-sum payments, converted to an
4
equivalent time basis; for example, 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's pay. Periods of service are chosen arbitrarily
and do not necessarily reflect individual provisions for progression; for example, changes in proportions at 10 years include changes between
5 and 10 years. Estimates are cumulative. Thus, the proportion eligible for at least 3 weeks' pay after 10 years includes those eligible for
at least 3 weeks' pay after fewer years of service.
1 Estimates listed after type of benefit are for all plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the employer. "Noncontributory
5
plans" include only those financed entirely by the employer. Excluded are legally required plans, such as workmen's compensation, social
security, and railroad retirement.
1 Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below. Sick leave plans are
8
limited to those which definitely establish at least the minimum number of days' pay that each employee can expect. Informal sick leave
allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.




21

Appendix A
A r e a w a g e and r e la te d b e n e fits data a r e ob ta in ed by p e r s o n a l v is it s o f B u rea u f ie ld r e p r e s e n t ­
a tiv e s at 3 - y e a r in t e r v a ls . 1 In e a ch o f th e in te r v e n in g y e a r s , in fo rm a tio n on e m p lo y m e n t and
2
o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s is c o lle c t e d b y a c o m b in a tio n o f p e r s o n a l v is it and m a il q u e s tio n n a ire fr o m
e s ta b lis h m e n ts p a rtic ip a tin g in th e p r e v io u s s u rv e y .
In ea ch o f the 79z a r e a s c u r r e n tly s u r v e y e d , data a re o b ta in ed fr o m r e p r e s e n ta tiv e e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b ro a d in d u s try d iv is io n s : M a n u fa ctu rin g ; tr a n s p o r ta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er
p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r
in d u s try gro u p s exc lu d e d f r o m th e s e stu d ies a r e g o v e rn m e n t o p e ra tio n s and the c o n s tru c tio n and
e x t r a c t iv e in d u s trie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts h avin g f e w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d
b e c a u s e o f in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the occu p a tio n s stu died.
S e p a ra te ta b u la tion s a re p r o v id e d f o r
ea ch o f the b ro a d in d u s try d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r it e r ia .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a re con du cted on a s a m p le b a s is .
T h e s a m p lin g p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d e ta ile d
s tr a tific a tio n o f a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the sco p e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u rv e y b y in d u s try and n u m b er
o f e m p lo y e e s . F r o m th is s t r a t ifie d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ility sa m p le is s e le c te d , w ith e a ch e s ta b lis h m e n t
h a vin g a p r e d e te r m in e d chance o f s e le c tio n . T o obtain op tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r
p r o p o r tio n o f la r g e than s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c te d . W hen data a re c o m b in ed , e a ch e s ta b lis h m e n t
is w e ig h te d a c c o rd in g to its p r o b a b ility o f s e le c tio n , so that u n biased e s tim a te s a r e g e n e ra te d .
For
e x a m p le , i f one out o f fo u r e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c te d , it is g iv e n a w e ig h t o f fo u r to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f
plu s t h r e e o th e rs . An a lte rn a te o f th e s a m e o r ig in a l p r o b a b ility is ch osen in th e sa m e in d u s t r y - s iz e
c la s s ific a t io n i f data a r e not a v a ila b le f o r the o r ig in a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
I f n o su ita b le su bstitu te is
a v a ila b le , a d d itio n a l w e ig h t is a s s ig n e d to a s a m p le m e m b e r that is s im ila r to the m is s in g unit.
O ccu p ation s and E a rn in g s
O ccu p ation s s e le c te d f o r study a r e co m m o n to a v a r ie t y o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and n on m an u factu rin g
in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f the fo llo w in g ty p e s :
(1 ) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (2 ) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (3 )
m ain ten a n ce and p o w e rp la n t; and (4 ) c u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t. O ccu p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n is
b a s e d on a u n ifo rm set o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d e s ig n e d to tak e account o f in te re s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n
in d u ties w ith in th e sam e jo b . O ccu p ation s s e le c t e d fo r study a r e lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d in appendix B .
U n le s s o th e r w is e in d ic a te d , th e e a rn in g s d ata fo llo w in g th e jo b t it le s a r e fo r a ll in d u s trie s co m b in ed .
E a rn in g s data f o r so m e o f the occu p a tio n s lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d , o r fo r som e in d u s try d iv is io n s w ith in
o c cu p a tio n s, a r e not p r e s e n te d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b le s , b e c a u s e e it h e r (1 ) e m p lo y m e n t in th e occu pation
is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it p r e s e n ta tio n , o r (2 ) t h e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e of
in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t data. S e p a ra te m e n 's and w o m e n 's e a rn in g s data a r e not p r e s e n te d when th e
n u m b er o f w o r k e r s not id e n tifie d b y s e x is 20 p e r c e n t o r m o r e o f the m en o r w o m en id e n tifie d in an
occu p ation .
E a rn in g s data not shown s e p a r a te ly fo r in d u stry d iv is io n s a re in clu d ed in a ll in d u s trie s
co m b in e d d ata, w h e re shown.
L ik e w is e , d ata a r e in c lu d e d in th e o v e r a ll c la s s ific a t io n w hen a sub­
c la s s ific a t io n o f e le c t r o n ic s te c h n ic ia n s , s e c r e t a r ie s , o r t r u c k d r iv e r s is not shown o r in fo rm a tio n to
s u b c la s s ify is not a v a ila b le .

w o r k e r s m a y ad van ce to b e tte r jo b s and be r e p la c e d b y n ew w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a te s .
Such s h ifts in
em p lo y m e n t cou ld d e c r e a s e an o ccu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e e v e n though m o s t e s ta b lis h m e n ts . in an a r e a
in c r e a s e w a g e s d u rin g the y e a r .
T r e n d s in e a rn in g s o f o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s , shown in ta b le A - 7 ,
a r e b e t t e r in d ic a to r s o f w a g e tre n d s than in d iv id u a l jo b s w ith in the g ro u p s.
A v e r a g e e a rn in g s r e f le c t c o m p o s ite , a r e a w id e e s tim a te s . In d u s trie s and e s ta b lis h m e n ts d iffe r
in p ay l e v e l and jo b s ta ffin g , and thus c o n trib u te d iffe r e n t ly to th e e s tim a te s f o r each jo b .
Pay
a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f le c t a c c u r a te ly the w a g e d iffe r e n t ia l am ong jo b s in in d iv id u a l esta b lis h m e n ts .
A v e r a g e p a y l e v e ls fo r m en and w o m en in s e le c te d occu p a tion s should not be assu m ed to
r e f le c t d iffe r e n c e s in pay o f the s e x e s w ith in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts . F a c t o r s w h ich m ay co n trib u te
to d iffe r e n c e s in clu d e p r o g r e s s io n w ith in e s ta b lis h e d r a te ra n g e s , s in c e o n ly the ra te s paid incum bents
a r e c o lle c t e d , and p e r fo r m a n c e o f s p e c ific d u ties w ith in th e g e n e r a l s u r v e y jo b d e s c rip tio n s .
Job
d e s c r ip tio n s u sed to c la s s ify e m p lo y e e s in th e s e s u r v e y s u su a lly a r e m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th ose used
in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts and a llo w fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong e s ta b lis h m e n ts in s p e c ific
d u ties p e r fo r m e d .
O c cu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the to t a l in a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the scop e
o f th e study and not th e n u m b er a c tu a lly s u rv e y e d . B e c a u s e oc c u p a tio n a l s tru c tu re s am ong e s ta b lis h ­
m en ts d if f e r , e s tim a te s o f oc c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t ob ta in ed fr o m the s a m p le o f esta b lis h m e n ts stu died
s e r v e on ly to in d ic a te th e r e la t iv e im p o r ta n c e o f th e jo b s stu died. T h e s e d iffe r e n c e s in occu p a tion a l
s tru c tu re do not a ffe c t m a t e r ia lly th e a c c u ra c y o f the e a rn in g s data.
W a g e tre n d s f o r s e le c te d oc c u p a tio n a l gro u p s
The
Annual r a te s
span b etw een
in c r e a s e d at

O ccu p ation s u sed to com p u te w a g e tr e n d s a re :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m en and w o m e n ):
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B
C le r k s , accou n tin g, c la s s e s A and B
C le r k s , f i l e , c la s s e s A , B , and C
C le r k s , o r d e r
C le r k s , p a y r o ll
K eypu n ch o p e r a t o r s , c la s s e s A and B
M essen gers
S e c r e t a r ie s
S te n o g ra p h e rs , g e n e r a l
S te n o g ra p h e rs , s e n io r
S w itch b o a rd o p e r a to r s
T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B
T y p is t s , c la s s e s A and B

O ccu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a rn in g s data a r e shown fo r f u ll- t im e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o s e h ir e d
to w o rk a r e g u la r w e e k ly sch ed u le. E a rn in g s data e x c lu d e p r e m iu m p ay fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on
w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te sh ifts . N on p rod u ction bon u ses a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f- liv in g a llo w a n c e s
and in c e n tiv e bon u ses a r e in clu d ed .
W e e k ly h ou rs f o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l and p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l
occu p a tion s r e f e r to th e stan d ard w o rk w e e k (rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf h ou r) fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s
r e c e iv e r e g u la r s tr a ig h t- tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r and/or p re m iu m r a te s ).
A v e r a g e w e e k ly ea rn in g s fo r th e s e occu p a tion s a r e rou nded to th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e th e l e v e l o f o ccu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s in an a r e a at a p a r t ic u la r tim e .
C o m p a ris o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r tim e m a y n ot r e fle c t e x p e c te d w a g e ch an ges.
T h e a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s a r e a ffe c te d b y ch an ges in w a g e s and em p lo y m en t p a tte rn s .
For
e x a m p le , p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y h ig h - o r lo w - w a g e f ir m s m a y ch an ge, o r h ig h -w a g e

1 Pereonal visits were on a 2-year c ycle before July 1972.
2 Included in the 79 areas are 9 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are Austin, T e x . ; Binghamton, N. Y . —P a .; Fort
Lauderdale—Hollywood and West Palm Beach—Boca Raton, F la .; Lexington—Fayette, K y . ; Melbourne—Titusville—Cocoa, Fla. j Norfolk—Virginia
Beach—Portsmouth and Newport N ews-H am pton, V a . - N . C . ; Poughkeepsie-Kingston-Newburgh, N . Y . ; R aleigh -C ulh am , N . C . , and Syracuse, N .Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies in approximately 70 areas at the request o f the Employment Standards Administration of
the U. S. Department o f Labor.




p e r c e n ts o f change in ta b le A - 7 r e la te to w a g e ch an ges b etw e e n the in d ic a te d dates.
o f in c r e a s e , w h e r e show n, r e f le c t the am ount o f in c r e a s e f o r 12 m onths when th e tim e
s u rv e y s w a s o th e r than 12 m on th s. A nnual r a te s a r e b a s e d on the assu m ption that w a g e s
a con stan t ra te b e tw e e n s u rv e y s .

E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g
(m en and w o m e n ):
C o m p u te r o p e r a t o r s , c la s s e s A , B , and C
C o m p u te r p r o g r a m m e r s , c la s s e s A , B ,
and C

E le c t r o n ic data p ro c e s s in g (m en
and w o m e n )— Continued
C o m p u te r s y s te m s a n a ly s ts , c la s s e s A ,
B , and C
In d u s tr ia l n u rs e s (m en and w o m e n ):
N u r s e s , in d u s tr ia l (r e g is t e r e d )
S k ille d m ain ten a n ce (m e n ):
C a r p e n te r s
E le c t r ic ia n s
M a ch in i st s
M e c h a n ic s
M e c h a n ic s (a u to m o tiv e )
P a in te r s
P ip e fit t e r s
T o o l and d ie m a k e r s
U n s k ille d plant, (m e n ):
J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s
L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l handling

P e r c e n t ch an ges fo r in d iv id u a l a r e a s in the p r o g r a m a r e co m p u ted as fo llo w s :
1. E a ch occu p ation is a s s ig n e d a w e ig h t b a s e d on its p r o p o r tio n a te e m p lo y m e n t in th e s e le c te d
gro u p o f o ccu p ation s in th e b a s e y e a r .
2. T h e s e w e ig h ts a r e u sed to com p u te gro u p a v e r a g e s .
E a c h o c c u p a tio n 's a v e r a g e (m e a n )
e a rn in g s is m u ltip lie d b y it s w e ig h t. T h e p ro d u c ts a re to ta le d to obtain a g ro u p a v e r a g e .
3. T h e r a tio o f gro u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s is com p u ted b y d iv id in g th e a v e r a g e
f o r the c u rre n t y e a r b y th e a v e r a g e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r . T h e re s u lts — e x p r e s s e d as a p e rc e n t— l e s s 100
is the p e r c e n t change.

22

E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p lem en ta ry w a g e p ro v is io n s
T h e B - s e r i e s ta b le s p r o v id e in fo rm a tio n on e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w a ge
p r o v is io n s fo r fu ll- t im e plant and o ffic e w o r k e r s .
" P la n t w o r k e r s " in clu d e w o rk in g fo r e m e n and a ll
non s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in clu d in g lea d m en and t r a in e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o ffic e fu n ction s.
C a fe t e r ia
w o r k e r s and ro u te m e n a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m m a n u fa ctu rin g , but in clu d ed in n on m an u factu rin g in d u s trie s .
" O ffic e w o r k e r s " in clu d e w o rk in g
s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g c le r i c a l o r
re la te d fu n ctio n s.
A d m in is t r a t iv e , e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and p a r t - t im e e m p lo y e e s a re exclu d ed .
P a r t - t im e e m p lo y e e s a re th o se h ir e d to w o rk a sch ed u le c a llin g r e g u la r ly fo r f e w e r w e e k ly hou rs than
the e s ta b lis h m e n t's
sch ed u le fo r fu ll- t im e e m p lo y e e s in the sa m e g e n e r a l typ e o f w o rk .
The
d e te rm in a tio n is b a s e d on the e m p lo y e r 's d is tin c tio n b etw een the tw o grou ps w h ich m a y take into
account not o n ly d iffe r e n c e s in w o rk sch ed u les but d iffe r e n c e s in pay and b e n e fits .
M in im u m e n tra n c e s a la r ie s fo r o ffic e w o r k e r s r e la t e on ly to the esta b lis h m e n ts v is it e d . (See
ta b le B - l . )
B e c a u s e o f the op tim u m sa m p lin g tech n iq u es used and the p r o b a b ility that la r g e
e s ta b lis h m e n ts a re m o r e lik e ly them s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts to h ave fo r m a l en tra n c e ra te s above the
s u b c le r ic a l le v e l , th e ta b le is m o r e r e p r e s e n ta tiv e o f p o lic ie s in m ed iu m and la r g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
S h ift d iffe r e n t ia l data a r e lim it e d to fu ll- t im e plant w o r k e r s in m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s trie s . (S ee
ta b le B - 2 . ) T h is in fo r m a tio n is p re s e n te d in t e r m s o f (1 ) e s ta b lis h m e n t p o lic y 3 f o r to ta l plant w o r k e r
e m p lo y m e n t, and (2 ) e ffe c t iv e p r a c t ic e fo r w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d sh ift at the tim e o f the
s u r v e y . In e s ta b lis h m e n ts h avin g v a r ie d d iffe r e n t ia ls , the amount a pplyin g to a m a jo r it y is used.
In
e s ta b lis h m e n ts h a vin g so m e la t e - s h ift hou rs p a id at n o rm a l r a te s , a d iffe r e n t ia l is r e c o r d e d on ly i f it
a p p lies to a m a jo r it y o f the sh ift h o u rs. A secon d (e v e n in g ) sh ift ends w o rk at o r n e a r m id n igh t. A
th ir d (n ig h t) sh ift s ta rts w o r k at o r n e a r m id n igh t.
T h e s c h ed u led w e e k ly hou rs and days o f a m a jo r ity o f the fir s t - s h if t w o r k e r s in an e s ta b lis h ­
m ent a r e ta b u la te d as a p p lyin g to a ll fu ll- t im e plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s of that esta b lis h m e n t.
(S ee
ta b le B - 3 .)
S ch ed u led w e e k ly h ou rs and days a re th o se w h ich a m a jo r it y o f fu ll- t im e e m p lo y e e s a re
e x p e c te d to w o r k fo r s t r a ig h t - t im e o r o v e r t im e ra te s .
P a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a tio n s ; and h ealth , in s u ra n c e , and p en sion plans a re tr e a te d s t a t is t ic a lly
as ap p lyin g to a ll fu ll- t im e plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r ity o f such w o r k e r s a re e lig ib le o r m a y
e v e n tu a lly q u a lify fo r the p r a c t ic e s lis t e d . (S ee ta b le s B -4 throu gh B - 6 . ) Sums o f in d ivid u a l ite m s in
ta b le s B - 2 th ro u gh B -5 m a y not e q u a l to ta ls b eca u s e o f rounding.

T h e s u m m a ry o f v a c a tio n plans is a s ta tis tic a l m e a s u re o f v a c a tio n p r o v is io n s ra th e r than a
m e a s u re o f the p r o p o r tio n o f f u ll- t im e w o r k e r s a c tu a lly r e c e iv in g s p e c ific b e n e fits . (See ta b le B - 5 .)
P r o v is io n s apply to a ll plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t r e g a r d le s s o f len gth of s e r v ic e .
P a y m e n ts on o th e r than a t im e b a s is a re c o n v e r te d to a t im e p e r io d ; fo r e x a m p le , 2 p e rc e n t o f
annual e a rn in g s a r e c o n s id e r e d e q u iv a le n t to 1 w e e k 's p ay. O nly b a s ic plan s a r e in clu ded. E s tim a te s
e x c lu d e v a c a tio n b o n u ses, v a c a tio n -s a v in g s p la n s, and "e x te n d e d " o r " s a b b a t ic a l" b e n e fits beyond b a s ic
p lan s.
Such p r o v is io n s a re ty p ic a l in the s te e l, alu m in u m , and can in d u s trie s .
H ea lth , in s u ra n c e , and p en sion plans f o r w h ich the e m p lo y e r pays at le a s t a p art o f the cost
in clu d e th o se (1 ) u n d e rw ritte n b y a c o m m e r c ia l in su ra n ce com p an y o r n o n p ro fit o rg a n iz a tio n , (2 )
p r o v id e d th rou gh a union fund, o r (3 ) p a id d ir e c t ly b y the e m p lo y e r out o f c u rre n t o p e ra tin g funds o r
f r o m a fund s e t a sid e f o r th is p u rp o s e .
(S ee ta b le B - 6 .)
An e s ta b lis h m e n t is c o n s id e re d to have
such a plan i f the m a jo r it y o f e m p lo y e e s a r e c o v e r e d e ven though le s s than a m a jo r ity p a rtic ip a te
under the plan b eca u s e e m p lo y e e s a re r e q u ir e d to c o n trib u te to w a r d the co s t.
E x clu d ed a re
le g a lly r e q u ir e d p la n s, such as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r ity , and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t.
S ic k n ess and a cc id e n t in s u ra n c e is lim it e d to that typ e o f in s u ra n c e under w h ich p r e d e te r m in e d
c a sh p aym en ts a r e m ad e d ir e c t ly to the in s u re d d u rin g te m p o r a r y illn e s s o r accid en t d is a b ility .
In fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d f o r a ll such plan s to w h ich th e e m p lo y e r c o n trib u te s .
H o w eV er, in N ew
Y o r k and N ew J e r s e y , w h ich h ave e n a cted te m p o r a r y d is a b ility in s u ra n c e la w s re q u irin g e m p lo y e r
c o n tr ib u tio n s ,4 plans a re in clu d ed on ly i f th e e m p lo y e r (1 ) c o n trib u te s m o r e than is le g a lly r e q u ir e d ,
o r (2 ) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e w ith b e n e fits w h ich e x c e e d th e r e q u ir e m e n ts o f the la w . T a b u la tio n s o f
p a id s ic k le a v e plan s a r e lim it e d to fo r m a l p la n s 5 w h ich p r o v id e fu ll pay o r a p ro p o rtio n o f the
w o r k e r 's p a y d u rin g ab sen ce fr o m w o rk b eca u se o f illn e s s .
S e p a ra te ta b u la tion s a re p re s e n te d
a c c o rd in g to (1 ) plans w h ich p r o v id e fu ll pay and no w a itin g p e r io d , and (2 ) plans w h ich p r o v id e e ith e r
p a r t ia l pay o r a w a itin g p e r io d .
In addition to the p re s e n ta tio n o f p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s p ro v id e d
s ic k n e s s and a cc id e n t in su ra n ce o r p a id s ic k le a v e , an u n du plicated to ta l is shown of w o r k e r s who
r e c e iv e e it h e r o r both ty p e s of b e n e fits .
L o n g t e r m d is a b ility in s u ra n c e p lan s p r o v id e p aym en ts to to t a lly d is a b le d e m p lo y e e s upon the
e x p ir a tio n o f t h e ir p a id s ic k le a v e and/or s ic k n e s s and a cc id e n t in s u ra n c e , o r a fte r a p re d e te r m in e d
p e r io d o f d is a b ility (t y p ic a lly 6 m on th s).
P a y m e n ts a r e m a d e u n til the end o f the d is a b ility , a
m a x im u m a ge, o r e lig i b i l i t y fo r r e tir e m e n t b e n e fits .
F u ll o r p a r tia l p aym en ts a r e a lm o s t a lw ays
re d u ced b y s o c ia l s e c u r ity , w o r k m e n 's com p en sa tio n , and p r iv a te p en sio n s b e n e fits p a y a b le to the
d is a b le d e m p lo y e e .

D ata on p a id h o lid a y s a r e lim it e d to h o lid a y s g ra n te d annually on a form ed b a s is , w h ich (1 )
a r e p r o v id e d f o r in w r itte n fo r m , o r (2 ) a re e s ta b lis h e d by cu stom .
(S ee ta b le B - 4 .)
H o lid a y s
o r d in a r ily g ra n te d a re in clu d ed ev e n though th ey m a y f a ll on a non w ork d ay and the w o r k e r is not
g ra n te d a n oth er day o ff.
T h e f i r s t p a rt o f the p a id h o lid a y s ta b le p re s e n ts the n u m b er o f w h o le and
h a lf h o lid a y s a c tu a lly gra n te d . T h e secon d p a rt co m b in es w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s to show to ta l h o lid a y
t i m e . T a b le B - 4 a r e p o r ts the in c id e n c e o f the m o s t com m on p a id h o lid a y s .

M a jo r m e d ic a l in s u ra n c e plans p r o te c t e m p lo y e e s f r o m s ic k n e s s and in ju ry ex p e n s e s beyon d
the c o v e r a g e o f b a s ic h o s p ita liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p la n s. T y p ic a l fe a tu re s o f m a jo r m e d ic a l
plans a r e (1 ) a " d e d u c tib le " (e . g . , $ 5 0 ) p a id by the in s u re d b e fo r e b e n e fits b e g in ; (2) a c o in su ra n ce
fe a tu re re q u ir in g the in s u r e d to pay a p o rtio n (e .g ., 20 p e r c e n t) o f c e r ta in e x p e n s e s ; and (3 ) stated
d o lla r m a x im u m b e n e fits (e . g . , $ 10,000 a y e a r ).
M e d ic a l in su ra n ce p r o v id e s c o m p le te o r p a r t ia l
p aym en t o f d o c t o r s ' fe e s . D en tal in s u ra n c e u su ally c o v e r s fillin g s , e x tr a c tio n s , and X - r a y s . E xclu d ed
a re plans w h ich c o v e r on ly o r a l s u r g e r y o r accid en t d am age.
R e tir e m e n t p en sion plans p r o v id e
p aym en ts fo r the r e m a in d e r o f the w o r k e r 's lif e .

3 An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either o f the follow ing conditions: (1 ) Operated late shifts at the tim e o f the
survey, or (2 ) had formal provisions covering late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1 ) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months before the survey, or (2 ) had provisions in written form to operate late shifts.

4 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer contributions.
5 An establishment is considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the minimum number of days sick leave available to each
employee.
Such a plan need not be written; but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, are excluded.




23

Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Greensboro—
Winston Salem—High Point, N .C .,1August 1974
N u m b e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n ts
M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m e n ts in s c o p e
o f s tu d y

In d u s t r y d iv is io n

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n ts
W ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y

W ith in s c o p e
o f s tu d y 3

S tu died
T o t a l4

S tu d ied
Num ber

A ll d iv is io n s .

__

___

_ _

_ -----------

M a n u fa c t u r in g ____________
________
_________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ______________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and
o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5___________________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e ____________________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e __
___________________ ___________
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e __________
S e r v i c e s 8_____________ _____________________________

.

P ercen t

F u ll- tim e
p la n t w o r k e r s

F u ll- tim e
o ffic e w o rk e rs

T o ta l4

776

135

1 9 0 ,1 5 2

100

128.004

2 4 ,6 9 4

81, 138

50
-

442
334

67
68

13 0 ,2 5 9
5 9 ,8 9 3

69
31

9 9 ,2 0 3
28, 801

1 2 ,0 5 4
1 2 ,6 4 0

5 4 ,0 4 1
27, 097

50
50
50
50
50

51
63
128
42
50

13
8
20
10
17

1 9 ,4 8 6
5, 713
1 9 ,3 1 7
9 ,5 1 7
5, 860

10
3
10
5
3

9 ,4 0 8

2, 865

10, 367
813
8, 052
5 ,3 1 7
2 ,5 4 8

(*>
(t>
(J>
(6 )

(*)

(>
(
n>

1 T h e G r e e n s b o r o - W in s t o n S a le m —H ig h P o in t S ta n d a r d M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d b y th e O f f i c e o f M a n a g e m e n t and B u d g e t th r o u g h F e b r u a r y 1974, c o n s is t s o f D a v id s o n , F o r s y t h ,
G u ilfo r d , R a n d o lp h , S to k e s , and Y a d k in C o u n t ie s . T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y " e s t im a t e s sh ow n in th is t a b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip t io n o f th e s i z e and c o m p o s it io n o f th e
la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
E s t im a t e s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , f o r c o m p a r is o n w ith o t h e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s t o m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s in c e (1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s
r e q u i r e s e s ta b lis h m e n t d a ta c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s tu d ie d , and (2 ) s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d it io n o f th e S ta n d a r d In d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d t o c l a s s i f y e s ta b lis h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n .
3 In c lu d e s a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e th e m in im u m lim it a t io n .
A l l o u tle ts (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in in d u s t r ie s su ch as t r a d e , fin a n c e , au to r e p a ir s e r v i c e ,
and m o tio n p ic t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s t a b lis h m e n t .
4 In c lu d e s e x e c u t iv e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , p a r t - t i m e , and o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e p la n t and o f f i c e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 A b b r e v ia t e d t o " p u b lic u t i l i t i e s " in th e A - an d B - s e r i e s t a b le s . T a x ic a b s and s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
T h e t r a n s it s y s t e m
in W in s t o n - S a le m ,
and tw o
of
th e e l e c t r i c u t i l i t i e s s u p p ly in g l e s s th an h a l f o f th e e l e c t r i c c o n s u m p tio n w e r e p u b lic ly o w n e d and e x c lu d e d b y d e fin it io n f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e stu d y.
8 T h is d iv is io n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t im a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g " in th e A - s e r i e s t a b le s , and f o r " a l l in d u s t r i e s " in th e B - s e r i e s t a b le s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n o f
d a ta is n o t m a d e f o r on e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g r e a s o n s :
(1 ) E m p lo y m e n t is t o o s m a ll t o p r o v id e en o u gh d a ta t o m e r i t s e p a r a t e s tu d y , (2 ) th e s a m p le w a s n o t d e s ig n e d in i t i a l l y t o p e r m it
s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , (3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u ffic ie n t o r in a d e q u a te t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , and (4 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t d a ta .
7 W o r k e r s f r o m t h is e n t i r e d iv is io n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t im a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " and " n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g " in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , but f r o m th e r e a l
e s t a t e p o r t io n o n ly in e s t im a t e s f o r
"a ll
in d u s t r i e s " in th e B - s e r i p s t a b le s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n o f d a ta i s n o t m a d e f o r one o r m o r e o f th e r e a s o n s g iv e n in fo o t n o t e 6.
8 H o t e ls and m o t e l s ; la u n d r ie s and o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n t a l, and p a r k in g ; m o t io n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s (e x c lu d in g r e lig io u s
and c h a r it a b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); an d e n g in e e r in g and a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

L a b o r-m a n a g e m e n t a g re e m e n t c o v e ra g e
In d u s t r ia l c o m p o s it io n in m a n u fa c tu r in g

T h e f o llo w in g ta b u la tio n s h o w s th e p e r c e n t o f f u l l - t i m e p la n t and o f f ic e w o r k e r s
e m p lo y e d in e s t a b lis h m e n t s in w h ic h a u n ion c o n t r a c t o r c o n t r a c t s c o v e r e d a m a j o r i t y o f
th e w o r k e r s
in th e
r e s p e c t i v e c a t e g o r i e s , G r e e n s b o r o - W in s t o n
S a le m —H ig h P o in t , N . C .,
A u g u s t 1974:

O v e r t w o t h ir d s o f a l l w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in th e G r e e n s b o r o - W in s t o n
S a le m —H ig h P o in t a r e a w e r e e ittp io y p d in m a n u fa c tu r in g f i r m s .
T h e f o llo w in g p r e s e n t s th e
m a j o r in d u s t r y g r o u p s and s p e c i f i c in d u s t r ie s as a p e r c e n t o f a ll m a n u fa c tu r in g :

P la n t w o r k e r s
In d u s tr y g r o u p s
T e x t i l e m i l l p r o d u c t s ______________ 31
F u r n it u r e and f i x t u r e s _____________17
T o b a c c o m a n u f a c t u r e s _____________12
E l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t and
s u p p l i e s _____ _____________
10
A p p a r e l and o t h e r t e x t i l e

A l l in d u s t r ie s _____________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ____________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s ___________________

H o u s e h o ld f u r n i t u r e ________________ 15
K n it t in g m i l l s ------------------------------ 14
C i g a r e t t e s _________________
11
C o m m u n ic a tio n e q u ip m e n t_______ 8
W e a v in g m i l l s , c o t t o n ________ __
_ 5
W e a v in g m i l l s , s y n t h e t ic s --------- 5

23

3

A n e s t a b lis h m e n t i s c o n s id e r e d to h a v e a c o n t r a c t c o v e r i n g
a l l p la n t o r o f f i c e
w o r k e r s i f a m a j o r i t y o f s u ch w o r k e r s a r e c o v e r e d b y a la b o r - m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t .
T h e r e f o r e , a l l o t h e r p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s a r e e m p lo y e d i p e s t a b lis h m e n t s th at e it h e r do
n o t h a v e la b o r - m a n a g e m e n t c o n t r a c t s in e f f e c t , o r h a v e c o n t r a c t s th a t a p p ly to f e w e r th an
h a lf o f t h e i r p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
E s t im a t e s a r e n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e p r e s e n t a t iv e o f th e
e x te n t t o w h ic h a l l w o r k e r s in th e a r e a m a y b e c o v e r e d b y t b e p r o v i s i o n s o f la b o r - m a n a g e m e n t
a g r e e m e n t s , b e c a u s e s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d and th e i n d u s t r ia l s c o p e o f th e
s u r v e y i s li m i t e d .

T h is in fo r m a t io n i s b a s e d on e s t im a t e s o f t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r i v e d f r o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p ile d b e f o r e a c tu a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r io u s in d u s tr y d iv is io n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t io n s b a s e d on th e r e s u lt s o f th e s u r v e y as sh ow n in th e a p p e n d ix t a b le .




O f f ic e w o r k e r s

17
14
81

S p e c if ic in d u s t r ie s

24

Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions
T h e p r im a r y p u rp o se o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r ip tio n s fo r the B u re a u 's w a g e s u rv e y s is to a s s is t its f ie ld s ta ff in c la s s ify in g in to a p p ro p ria te
o ccu p ation s w o r k e r s who a r e e m p lo y e d under a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o ll t it le s and d iffe r e n t w o rk a rra n g e m e n ts fr o m e s ta b lis h m e n t to e s ta b lis h m e n t and
f r o m a r e a to a re a .
T h is p e r m its the grou p in g o f o c cu p a tio n a l w a g e ra te s re p r e s e n tin g c o m p a ra b le jo b con ten t.
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a sis on
in te re s ta b lis h m e n t and in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ility o f o c cu p a tio n a l con ten t, the B u re a u 's jo b d e s c r ip tio n s m a y d if f e r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m th ose in use in
in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts o r th o se p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u rp o s e s .
In ap p lyin g th e s e jo b d e s c r ip tio n s , the B u re a u 's fie ld e c o n o m is ts a r e in s tru c te d
to e x clu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p re n tic e s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g in n e rs ; t r a in e e s ; and h a n dicapped, p a r t - t im e , t e m p o r a r y , and p ro b a tio n a ry w o r k e r s .

OFFICE

B I L L E R , M A C H IN E

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T IN G

P r e p a r e s s ta te m e n ts , b i l l s , and in v o ic e s on a m ach in e o th e r than an o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a t ic
t y p e w r it e r . M a y a ls o k e e p r e c o r d s as to b illin g s o r shipping c h a rg e s o r p e r fo r m o th er c le r i c a l w o rk
in c id e n ta l to b illin g o p e ra tio n s . F o r w a ge study p u rp o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a ch in e, a re c la s s ifie d b y typ e of
m a c h in e , as fo llo w s :

P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e accounting c l e r i c a l ta sk s such as p o stin g to r e g is t e r s and le d g e r s ;
re c o n c ilin g bank accou n ts; v e r ify in g the in te rn a l c o n s is te n c y , c o m p le te n e s s , and m a th e m a tic a l a c c u ra c y
o f accou n tin g docu m en ts; a ssig n in g p r e s c r ib e d accou n tin g d is trib u tio n c o d e s ; ex a m in in g and v e r ify in g
fo r c le r i c a l a c c u ra c y v a r io u s ty p es o f r e p o r t s , lis t s , c a lc u la tio n s , p o s tin g , e t c .; o r p re p a rin g s im p le o r
a s s is tin g in p re p a r in g m o r e c o m p lic a te d jo u rn a l v o u c h e rs . M a y w o rk in e it h e r a m anual o r autom ated
accounting s y s te m .

B i l l e r , m a ch in e (b illin g m a c h in e ).
U ses a s p e c ia l b illin g m ach in e (co m b in a tio n typ in g and
adding m a c h in e ) t o p r e p a r e b ills and in v o ic e s fr o m c u s to m e r s ' p u rch a se o r d e r s , in te r n a lly p r e p a r e d
o r d e r s , sh ip p in g m e m o ra n d u m s , e tc .
U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lica tio n o f p re d e te r m in e d discou n ts and
sh ip p in g c h a r g e s and e n try o f n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y not be com pu ted on the b illin g
m a c h in e , and to ta ls w h ich a r e a u to m a tic a lly a ccu m u lated by m a ch in e. T h e o p e ra tio n u su ally in v o lv e s a
la r g e n u m b e r o f ca rb o n c o p ie s o f the b i l l b ein g p r e p a r e d and is often done on a fa n fo ld m ach in e.
B i l l e r , m a ch in e (b o o k k eep in g m a c h in e ). U ses a b ook k eep in g m ach in e (w ith o r w ithout a
t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s to m e r s ' b ills as p a rt o f the accounts r e c e iv a b le o p e ra tio n .
G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s the sim u ltan eou s e n try o f fig u r e s on c u s to m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d .
T h e m ach in e
a u to m a tic a lly a ccu m u la tes fig u r e s on a n u m b er o f v e r t ic a l colu m n s and com pu tes and u su ally p rin ts
a u to m a tic a lly th e d eb it o r c r e d it b a la n c e s . D oes not in v o lv e a k n o w led g e o f b ook k eep in g. W o rk s fr o m
u n ifo rm and sta n d a rd ty p e s o f s a le s and c r e d it s lip s .

T h e w o r k r e q u ir e s a k n o w led g e o f c l e r i c a l m eth ods and o ffic e p r a c t ic e s and p r o c e d u re s w hich
r e la te s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s in g and re c o r d in g o f tra n s a c tio n s and accou n tin g in fo rm a tio n .
W ith
e x p e r ie n c e , the w o r k e r ty p ic a lly b e c o m e s fa m ilia r w ith the b oo k k eep in g and accou n tin g te r m s and
p r o c e d u re s used in the a s s ig n e d w o r k , but is not r e q u ir e d to have a k n o w led g e o f the fo r m a l p r in c ip le s
o f b ook k eep in g and accou n tin g.
P o s itio n s

a r e c la s s ifie d in to le v e ls

on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .

C la s s A . U n d er g e n e r a l s u p e rv is io n , p e r fo r m s accounting c l e r i c a l o p e ra tio n s w h ich re q u ir e
the a p p lica tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d gm en t, fo r e x a m p le , c le r i c a l l y p ro c e s s in g c o m p lic a te d o r
n o n r e p e titiv e accou n tin g tr a n s a c tio n s , s e le c tin g am ong a su b sta n tia l v a r ie t y o f p r e s c r ib e d accounting
co d es and c la s s ific a t io n s , o r tr a c in g tra n s a c tio n s though p r e v io u s accou n tin g action s to d e te rm in e
s o u rc e o f d is c r e p a n c ie s . M a y be a s s is te d b y one o r m o r e c la s s B accou n tin g c le r k s .

B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

O p e r a te s a b ook k eep in g m a ch in e (w ith o r w ithou t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a rd ) to k eep a r e c o r d o f
b u s in e s s tr a n s a c tio n s .
C l a s s A . K e e p s a set o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n o w led g e o f and e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic b ook k eep in g
p r in c ip le s , and fa m ilia r it y w ith the s tru c tu re o f the p a r tic u la r accou n tin g s y s te m used.
D e te rm in e s
p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d is trib u tio n o f debit and c r e d it ite m s to be u sed in each phase o f the w o rk . M a y
p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b a la n ce sh e e ts , and o th e r r e c o r d s b y hand.

C la s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a ses o r s e c tio n s of a set o f r e c o r d s u su ally
re q u ir in g lit t le k n o w le d g e o f b a s ic b ook k eep in g. P h a s e s o r s e c tio n s in clu de accounts p a y a b le , p a y r o ll,
c u s t o m e r s ' accou n ts (not in clu d in g a s im p le ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d under b i l l e r , m a c h in e ), cost
d is trib u tio n , e x p e n s e d is trib u tio n , in v e n to r y c o n tr o l, e tc . M a y ch eck o r a s s is t in p r e p a ra tio n o f t r i a l
b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n tr o l sh eets fo r the accou n tin g d ep a rtm en t.

R e v is e d o c cu p a tio n a l d e s c rip tio n s f o r s w itc h b o a rd o p e r a to r ; s w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r - r e c e p tio n is t; m a c h in e - to o l o p e r a to r , to o lr o o m ; and to o l and die m a k e r a r e b ein g in tro d u ced th is y e a r .
T h e y a r e the re s u lt o f the B u re a u 's p o lic y o f p e r io d ic a lly r e v ie w in g a r e a w a g e s u r v e y occu p a tion a l
d e s c r ip tio n s in o r d e r to take in to account te c h n o lo g ic a l d e v e lo p m e n ts and to c la r if y d e s c rip tio n s so
that th e y a r e m o r e r e a d ily u n d erstood and u n ifo rm ly in te r p r e te d .
E ven though the r e v is e d
d e s c r ip tio n s r e f le c t b a s ic a lly the sam e occu p ation s as p r e v io u s ly d efin ed , so m e re p o r tin g ch an ges
m a y o c c u r b eca u se o f the r e v is io n s .
T h e new s in g le l e v e l
le v e ls p r e v io u s ly d efin ed .




d e s c r ip tio n

fo r s w itc h b o a rd o p e r a to r

is the

e q u iv a le n t

o f the

G la s s B . U n d er c lo s e s u p e rv is io n , fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s and s ta n d a rd ize d p r o c e d u r e s ,
p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e rou tin e accounting c l e r i c a l o p e ra tio n s , such as p o stin g to le d g e r s , c a r d s , o r
w o rk s h e e ts w h e re id e n tific a tio n o f ite m s and lo c a tio n s of p o s tin g s a re c le a r ly in d ica ted ; ch eck in g
a c c u ra c y and c o m p le te n e s s o f s ta n d a rd ize d and r e p e t it iv e r e c o r d s o r accou n tin g docu m en ts; and codin g
docum ents using a fe w p r e s c r ib e d accounting co d e s .
C L E R K , F IL E
F i l e s , c la s s if ie s , and r e t r ie v e s m a t e r ia l in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g s y s te m .
M a y p e r fo r m
c l e r i c a l and m anu al ta sk s r e q u ir e d to m ain tain file s . P o s itio n s a re c la s s ifie d in to le v e ls on the b a s is
of the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A .
C la s s ifie s and
docu m en ts, e t c ., in an e s ta b lis h e d
M a y a ls o f i l e th is m a t e r ia l.
M ay
le a d a s m a ll g ro u p o f lo w e r l e v e l

L is t e d b e lo w a re
s te r e o ty p e s in the t it le s :

tw o

25

in d e x e s f i l e m a t e r ia l such as c o rre s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r ts , te c h n ic a l
filin g s y s te m con tain in g a n u m b er o f v a r ie d su bject m a tte r file s .
k eep r e c o r d s o f v a rio u s ty p e s in con ju n ction w ith the file s .
M ay
f ile c le r k s .

r e v is e d

o c cu p a tio n a l

t it le s

in tro d u ced

th is

year

to

e lim in a te

R e v is e d t it le

F o r m e r title

D r a fte r
D ra fte r -tr a c e r
B o ile r te n d e r

D ra ftsm a n
D r a fts m a n - tr a c e r
F ir e m a n , s ta tio n a ry b o ile r

sex

C L E R K S , F I L E — C ontinued

S E C R E T A R Y — C on tin u ed

C la e s B . S o r ts , c o d e s , and fi l e s u n c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l b y s im p le (s u b je c t m a t t e r ) headings
o r p a r t ly c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l b y fin e r su bh eadin gs. P r e p a r e s s im p le r e la te d in d ex and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e
aid s. A s re q u e s te d , lo c a te s c le a r ly id e n tifie d m a t e r ia l in f ile s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l. M a y p e r fo r m
r e la t e d c l e r i c a l ta s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v ic e f ile s .

E x c lu s io n s
N ot a ll p o s itio n s that a re t it le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the a b ove c h a r a c t e r is t ic s .
p o s itio n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m th e d e fin itio n a r e as fo llo w s :

C la s s C . P e r f o r m s rou tin e filin g o f m a t e r ia l that has a lr e a d y been c la s s ifie d o r w h ich is
e a s ily c la s s ifie d in a s im p le s e r i a l c la s s ific a t io n s y s te m (e .g ., a lp h a b e tic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r
n u m e r ic a l). A s re q u e s te d , lo c a te s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a t e r ia l in f ile s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l; and m ay
f i l l out w ith d ra w a l c h a rg e . M a y p e r fo r m s im p le c l e r i c a l and m an u al ta sk s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and
s e r v ic e file s .
C L E R K , ORDER
R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r ia l o r m e rc h a n d is e b y m a il, phone, o r p e rs o n a lly .
D u ties in v o lv e any co m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g ; Q u otin g p r ic e s to c u s to m e r s ; m ak in g out an o r d e r
sh eet lis tin g the ite m s to m a k e up the o r d e r ; ch eck in g p r ic e s and qu a n tities o f ite m s on o r d e r sh eet;
and d is trib u tin g o r d e r sh eets to r e s p e c t iv e d e p a rtm e n ts to be fille d . M a y ch eck w ith c r e d it d ep a rtm en t
to d e te rm in e c r e d it ra tin g o f c u s to m e r , a c k n o w led g e r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s fr o m c u s to m e r s , fo llo w up
o r d e r s to s ee that th e y h a ve b een f ille d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and ch eck shipping in v o ic e s
w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .
CLERK, PA YR O LL
C om p u tes w a g e s o f com p an y e m p lo y e e s and e n te r s the n e c e s s a r y data on the p a y r o ll sh e e ts .
D u ties in v o lv e :
C a lc u la tin g w o r k e r s ' e a rn in g s b a s e d on tim e o r p rod u ction r e c o r d s ; and p ostin g
c a lc u la te d data on p a y r o ll s h e e t, sh ow in g in fo r m a tio n such as w o r k e r ’ s n a m e, w d rk in g d a y s, t im e ,
r a t e , dedu ction s f o r in s u ra n c e , and to t a l w a g e s due. M a y m ak e out p a ych eck s and a s s is t p a y m a s te r
in m ak in g up and d is trib u tin g p ay e n v e lo p e s .
M a y use a c a lc u la tin g m ach in e.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
O p e ra te s a keypunch m a ch in e to r e c o r d o r v e r i f y
c a rd s o r on tap e.
P o s itio n s

a re c la s s ifie d in to l e v e ls

alp h a b etic and/or n u m e r ic data on tab u latin g

E x a m p le s o f

a.

P o s itio n s w h ich do not m e e t the " p e r s o n a l" s e c r e t a r y co n cep t d e s c r ib e d above;

b.

S te n o g ra p h e rs not fu lly tr a in e d in s e c r e t a r ia l ty p e du ties;

c.
S te n o g ra p h e rs
m a n a g e r ia l p e rs o n s ;

s e r v in g

as

o ffic e

a s s is ta n ts

to

a g ro u p

o f p r o fe s s io n a l, te c h n ic a l,

d. S e c r e t a r y p o s itio n s in w h ich th e d u ties a re e it h e r s u b s ta n tia lly m o r e
s ta n tia lly m o r e c o m p le x and re s p o n s ib le than th o se c h a r a c t e r iz e d in the d e fin itio n ;

or

rou tine o r sub­

e.
A s s is ta n t ty p e p o s itio n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e r e s p o n s ib le te c h n ic a l,
a d m in is tr a tiv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c l e r i c a l du ties w h ich a re not t y p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r ia l
w o rk .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in the l e v e l d e fin itio n s fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to th ose
o ffic ia ls who h a ve a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a t e - w id e p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d t o m a jo r com pan y
a c t iv it ie s . T h e t it le " v i c e p r e s id e n t , " though n o r m a lly in d ic a tiv e o f th is r o le , does not in a ll c a s e s
id e n tify such p o s itio n s . V ic e p re s id e n ts w h o se p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ility is to act p e r s o n a lly on in d iv id u a l
c a s e s o r tra n s a c tio n s (e . g . , a p p ro v e o r deny in d iv id u a l loan o r c r e d it a c tio n s ; a d m in is te r in d iv id u a l
tr u s t a ccou n ts; d ir e c t ly s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff) a r e not c o n s id e r e d to be " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " fo r
p u rp o s e s o f ap p lyin g th e fo llo w in g l e v e l d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A
1. S e c r e t a r y to the ch a irm a n o f th e b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t o f a com p an y that e m p lo y s ,
o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

in a ll,

2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a te o f f i c e r (o th e r than th e c h a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t) o f a
com p an y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but f e w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3.
S e c r e t a r y to the h ead , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r l e v e l, o f a m a jo r segm en t
o r s u b s id ia ry o f a com p an y th a t e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .

C la s s A . W o r k r e q u ir e s the a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d gm en t in s e le c tin g p r o c e d u re s
to be fo llo w e d and in s e a rc h in g f o r , in te r p r e tin g , s e le c tin g , o r co d in g ite m s t o be keypu n ch ed f r o m a
v a r i e t y o f s o u rc e d ocu m en ts. On o c c a s io n m a y a ls o p e r fo r m s o m e ro u tin e keypu nch w o rk . M a y tra in
in e x p e r ie n c e d keypunch o p e r a to r s .
C la s s B . W o rk is ro u tin e and r e p e t it iv e .
U n d er c lo s e s u p e rv is io n o r fo llo w in g s p e c ific
p r o c e d u r e s o r in s tr u c tio n s , w o r k s fr o m v a r io u s s ta n d a rd iz e d s o u rc e docum ents w h ich h a v e b een co d e d ,
and fo llo w s s p e c ifie d p r o c e d u r e s w h ich h a ve b een p r e s c r ib e d in d e ta il and r e q u ir e lit t le o r no s e le c tin g ,
c o d in g , o r in te r p r e tin g o f data to b e r e c o r d e d . R e fe r s to s u p e r v is o r p r o b le m s a r is in g fr o m e r ro n e o u s
ite m s o r c o d e s o r m is s in g in fo rm a tio n .
M ESSENGER

C la s s B
1. S e c r e t a r y to the c h a irm a n o f th e b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t o f a com p an y that e m p lo y s ,
fe w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

in a ll,

2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a te o f f i c e r (o th e r than th e c h a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t) o f a
com p an y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to the h ead , im m e d ia te ly b e lo w th e o f f i c e r l e v e l , o v e r e ith e r a m a jo r c o r p o r a t e ­
w id e fu n c tio n a l a c t iv it y (e .g ., m a r k e tin g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a tio n s , in d u s tr ia l r e la tio n s , e t c .) o r a m a jo r
g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a tio n a l s e g m e n t (e .g ., a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a rte rs ; a m a jo r d iv is io n ) o f a com pan y
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but f e w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p lo y e e s ; o r

P e r f o r m s v a r io u s ro u tin e d u ties such as running e r r a n d s , o p e ra tin g m in o r o ffic e m a ch in es
such as s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , opening and d is trib u tin g m a il, and o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk . E xclu d e
p o s itio n s that r e q u ir e o p e ra tio n o f a m o to r v e h ic le as a s ig n ific a n t duty.

4.
S e c r e t a r y to the h ead o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t,
o f f i c i a l ) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

SECRETARY

5. S e c r e t a r y to th e head o f a la r g e and im p o rta n t o rg a n iz a tio n a l s eg m en t (e .g ., a m id d le
m a n a gem en t s u p e r v is o r o f an o r g a n iz a tio n ail se g m e n t often in v o lv in g as m an y as s e v e r a l hundred
p e r s o n s ) o r a com p an y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

A s s ig n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to one in d iv id u a l.
M ain ta in s a c lo s e and h ig h ly
re s p o n s iv e r e la tio n s h ip to th e d a y -to -d a y w o r k o f th e s u p e r v is o r .
W o rk s f a ir ly in d ep en d en tly
r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e ta ile d s u p e rv is io n and gu id a n ce. P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l
d u tie s , u su a lly in clu d in g m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
a.
R e c e iv e s tele p h o n e c a lls , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and in c o m in g m a il, a n s w e rs rou tin e in q u ir e s ,
and ro u te s te c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s to th e p r o p e r p e rs o n s ;
b.

M a in ta in s th e s u p e r v is o r 's c a le n d a r and m a k es a p poin tm en ts as in s tru c te d ;

d.
v i s o r 's

E s ta b lis h e s ,

c.

m a in ta in s ,

and r e v is e s the

R e la y s m e s s a g e s f r o m

P e r fo r m s

1. S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e rs o n w h ose r e s p o n s ib ilit y is not e q u iv a le n t to
one o f the s p e c ific l e v e l situ ation s in the d e fin itio n f o r c la s s B , but w h ose o r g a n iz a tio n a l unit
n o r m a lly n u m b ers at le a s t s e v e r a l d o zen e m p lo y e e s and is u su a lly d iv id e d in to o rg a n iz a tio n a l seg m en ts
w h ich a r e o ften , in tu rn , fu r th e r su b d ivid ed . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , th is l e v e l in clu d es a w id e ra n g e o f
o rg a n iz a tio n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o th e r s , o n ly one o r tw o ; o r

s u p e r v is o r to s u b o rd in a tes;

r e la te d to the w o r k o f th e

s u p e r v is o r .

fa c t o r y ,

e tc . (o r o th e r eq u iva len t l e v e l o f

C la s s D

M a y a ls o p e r fo r m o th e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l ta s k s o f c o m p a ra b le n a tu re and d iffic u lty .
T h e w o r k t y p ic a lly r e q u ir e s k n o w led g e o f o ffic e ro u tin e and u n d erstan d in g o f the o rg a n iz a tio n , p r o g r a m s ,
and p r o c e d u r e s

le v e l o f

C la s s C

2.
S e c r e t a r y to the h ead o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t,
o f f i c i a l ) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, f e w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

s te n o g ra p h ic and ty p in g w o rk .




e tc . (o r o th e r eq u iva len t

s u p e r v is o r 's f ile s ;

e.
R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o ra n d u m s , and r e p o r ts p r e p a r e d b y o th e rs f o r the s u p e r­
s ig n a tu re to a s s u re p r o c e d u r a l and ty p o g ra p h ic a c c u ra c y ;
f.

fa c t o r y ,

1. S e c r e t a r y to the
about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ); o r

s u p e r v is o r

or

h ead

of

a s m a ll

o r g a n iz a tio n a l

unit

(e .g .,

fe w e r

than

2.
S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s ta ff s p e c ia lis t , p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is tra tiv e
o f f i c e r , o r a s s is ta n t, s k ille d tec h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t.
(N O T E :
M an y co m p a n ie s a ssig n s te n o g ra p h e rs ,
r a th e r than s e c r e t a r ie s as d e s c r ib e d a b o v e , to th is l e v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e rv is o ry w o r k e r .)

26

STENOGRAPHER

T A B U L A T IN G - M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (E le c t r ic A ccou n tin g M a ch in e O p e r a to r )

P r im a r y duty is to ta k e d ic ta tio n using sh orth an d, and to t r a n s c r ib e the d icta tio n . M a y a ls o
typ e fr o m w r itte n cop y.
M a y o p e ra te fr o m a s te n o g ra p h ic p o o l.
M a y o c c a s io n a lly t r a n s c r ib e fr o m
v o ic e re c o r d in g s
( i f p r im a r y duty is tr a n s c r ib in g fr o m
r e c o r d in g s , see T r a n s c r ib in g -M a c h in e
O p e ra to r, G e n e r a l).

O p e ra te s one o r a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s such as the ta b u la to r, c a lc u la to r , c o lla t o r , in t e r p r e t e r ,
s o r t e r , re p ro d u c in g punch, e tc . E x c lu d e d f r o m th is d e fin itio n a r e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s . A ls o exclu d ed
a re o p e r a to r s o f e le c t r o n ic d ig ita l c o m p u te rs , e ven though th e y m a y a ls o o p e ra te E A M equipm ent.

N O T E : T h is jo b is d istin g u ish ed fr o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a s e c r e t a r y n o r m a lly w o rk s
in a c o n fid e n tia l r e la tio n s h ip w ith on ly one m a n a g e r o r e x e c u tiv e and p e r fo r m s m o r e r e s p o n s ib le and
d is c r e tio n a r y ta s k s as d e s c r ib e d in the s e c r e t a r y jo b d e fin itio n .

C la s s A . P e r f o r m s c o m p le te re p o r tin g and tab u latin g a ss ig n m e n ts in clu d in g d e v is in g d iffic u lt
c o n tr o l p a n el w ir in g u nder g e n e r a l s u p e rv is io n .
A s s ig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e a v a r ie t y o f lo n g and
c o m p le x re p o r ts w h ich often a r e ir r e g u la r o r n o n r e c u r r in g , r e q u ir in g som e planning o f the n atu re and
sequ en cin g o f o p e r a tio n s , and the use o f a v a r ie t y o f m a ch in es. Is t y p ic a lly in v o lv e d in tra in in g new
o p e r a to r s in m ach in e o p e ra tio n s o r tra in in g lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a to r s in w ir in g fr o m d ia g ra m s and in
the o p e ra tin g seq u en ces o f lo n g and c o m p le x r e p o r ts .
D oes not in clu d e p o s itio n s in w h ich w ir in g
r e s p o n s ib ility is lim it e d to s e le c tio n and in s e r tio n o f p r e w ir e d b o a rd s .

S te n o g ra p h e r, G e n e r a l
D icta tio n in v o lv e s a n o r m a l rou tin e v o c a b u la ry .
o r p e r fo r m o th e r r e la t iv e ly rou tin e c l e r i c a l ta sk s.

M a y m a in ta in

f ile s ,

k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s ,

S te n o g ra p h e r, S e n io r
re p o r ts

D ic ta tio n in v o lv e s a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such as in le g a l b r ie fs
on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h . M a y a ls o set up and m a in ta in f i l e s , k eep r e c o r d s , e tc .

or

OR
P e r f o r m s s te n o g ra p h ic d u ties r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n tly g r e a t e r in depen den ce and r e s p o n s ib ility
than s te n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l, as e v id e n c e d b y the fo llo w in g : W o r k r e q u ir e s a high d e g r e e o f ste n o g ra p h ic
sp e e d and a c c u r a c y ; a th o ro u g h w o rk in g k n o w led g e o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s and o ffic e p ro c e d u re ; and o f
the s p e c ific b u s in e s s o p e r a tio n s , o r g a n iz a tio n , p o lic ie s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s , w o r k flo w , e tc . U s e s th is
k n o w le d g e in p e r fo r m in g s te n o g ra p h ic du ties and r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l ta s k s such as m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p
f il e s ; a s s e m b lin g m a t e r ia l fo r r e p o r t s , m e m o ra n d u m s , and le t t e r s ; c o m p o sin g s im p le le t t e r s fr o m
g e n e r a l in s tr u c tio n s ; re a d in g and ro u tin g in c o m in g m a il; and a n s w e rin g rou tin e q u e s tio n s , e tc.

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s a tele p h o n e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le used w ith a p r iv a t e b ra n ch exch an ge (P B X )
s y s te m to r e la y in c o m in g , o u tg o in g , and in t r a - s y s t e m c a lls .
M a y p r o v id e in fo rm a tio n to c a lle r s ,
r e c o r d and t r a n s m it m e s s a g e s , k e e p r e c o r d o f c a lls p la c e d and t o ll c h a rg e s .
B e s id e s o p e ra tin g a
telep h o n e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le , m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r fo r m rou tin e c le r ic a l w o r k (typin g o r rou tin e
c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y occu p y the m a jo r p o rtio n o f the w o r k e r ’ s tim e , and is u su ally p e r fo r m e d w h ile at
the s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le ).
C h ie f o r le a d o p e r a to r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one
o p e r a to r a r e ex c lu d e d . F o r an o p e r a to r w ho a ls o acts as a r e c e p tio n is t, see S w itch b o a rd O p e r a to r R e c e p tio n is t.

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T IO N IS T
A t a s in g le - p o s itio n tele p h o n e sw itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le , acts both as an o p e r a to r — see S w itc h ­
b o a rd O p e r a to r — and as a r e c e p tio n is t. R e c e p tio n is t's w o rk in v o lv e s such duties as g r e e tin g v is it o r s ;
d e te rm in in g n a tu re o f v i s i t o r 's b u s in e s s and p r o v id in g a p p ro p ria te in fo rm a tio n ; r e fe r r in g v i s it o r to
a p p ro p ria te p e rs o n in the o r g a n iz a tio n , o r co n ta ctin g that p e rs o n b y telep h on e and a rra n g in g an
appoin tm en t; k e e p in g a lo g o f v is it o r s .

P o s itio n s

a r e c la s s ifie d in to l e v e ls

on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d efin itio n s .

C la s s B . P e r fo r m s w o rk a c c o rd in g to e s ta b lis h e d p ro c e d u r e s and under s p e c ific in s tru c tio n s .
A s s ig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e c o m p le te but rou tin e and r e c u r r in g r e p o r ts o r p a rts o f la r g e r and m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r ts .
O p e ra te s m o r e d iffic u lt tab u latin g o r e le c t r ic a l accou n tin g m a ch in es such as the
ta b u la to r and c a lc u la to r , in addition to the s im p le r m a ch in es used b y c la s s C o p e r a to r s .
M a y be
r e q u ir e d to do so m e w ir in g f r o m d ia g ra m s .
M a y tra in n ew e m p lo y e e s in b a s ic m ach in e o p e ra tio n s .
C la s s C . U n d er s p e c ific in s tru c tio n s , o p e ra te s s im p le tab u latin g o r e le c t r ic a l accounting
m a ch in es such as the s o r t e r , in t e r p r e t e r , re p ro d u c in g punch, c o lla t o r , e tc .
A s s ig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly
in v o lv e p o rtio n s o f a w o r k unit, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o rtin g o r c o lla tin g runs, o r r e p e titiv e
o p e ra tio n s .
M a y p e r fo r m s im p le w ir in g fr o m d ia g r a m s , and do s o m e filin g w o rk .
T R A N S C R IB IN G ;-M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L
P r im a r y duty is to t r a n s c r ib e d icta tio n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l ro u tin e v o c a b u la ry f r o m tr a n ­
s c r ib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a ls o typ e f r o m w r itte n co p y and do s im p le c l e r i c a l w o rk . W o r k e r s
tr a n s c r ib in g d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such as le g a l b r ie fs o r
re p o r ts on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h a re not in clu d ed .
A w o r k e r w ho ta k es d icta tio n in shorthand o r b y
S ten otype o r s im ila r m a ch in e is c la s s ifie d as a ste n o g ra p h e r.
T Y P IS T
U ses a t y p e w r it e r to m ak e c o p ie s of v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls o r to m ak e out b ills a fte r c a lc u la tio n s
have been m ade by an oth er p e rs o n .
M a y in clu d e ty p in g o f s te n c ils , m a ts , o r s im ila r m a t e r ia ls fo r
use in d u p licatin g p r o c e s s e s . M a y do c l e r i c a l w o rk in v o lv in g lit t le s p e c ia l tr a in in g , such as k eep in g
s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o rtin g and d is trib u tin g in c o m in g m a il.
C la s s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : T y p in g m a t e r ia l in fin a l fo r m when it
in v o lv e s com b in in g m a t e r ia l fr o m s e v e r a l s o u rc e s ; o r r e s p o n s ib ility f o r c o r r e c t s p e llin g , s y lla b ic a tio n ,
punctuation, e t c ., o f te c h n ic a l o r unusual w o rd s o r fo r e ig n lan gu age m a t e r ia l; o r planning la you t and
ty p in g o f c o m p lic a te d s ta tis tic a l ta b le s to m ain tain u n ifo rm ity and b a la n ce in sp a cin g. M ay ty p e rou tin e
fo r m le t t e r s , v a r y in g d e ta ils to suit c irc u m s ta n c e s .

C la s s B . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : C op y typ in g fr o m rou gh o r c le a r d ra fts ;
o r rou tin e typ in g o f fo r m s , in su ra n ce p o lic ie s , e tc ; o r settin g up s im p le stan d ard ta b u la tion s; o r
cop yin g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s a lr e a d y set up and sp a ced p r o p e r ly .

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
COM PUTER O PERATOR

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — Continued

M o n ito r s and o p e ra te s the c o n tr o l c o n s o le o f a d ig ita l co m p u te r to p r o c e s s data c c c o r d in g to
o p e ra tin g in s tr u c tio n s , u s u a lly p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m m e r .
W o rk in clu d es m o st o f the fo llo w in g :
Stu dies in s tru c tio n s to d e te rm in e equ ipm en t setup and o p e ra tio n s ; loa d s equ ipm en t w ith r e q u ir e d
ite m s (ta p e r e e ls , c a r d s , e t c .); sw itc h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia r y equ ipm en t into c ir c u it , and s ta rts and
o p e ra te s c o m p u te r; m a k es a dju stm en ts to c o m p u te r to c o r r e c t o p e ra tin g p ro b le m s and m e e t s p e c ia l
co n d itio n s ; r e v ie w s e r r o r s m ade during o p e ra tio n and d e te r m in e s cau se o r r e f e r s p r o b le m to
s u p e r v is o r o r p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a in ta in s o p e ra tin g r e c o r d s .
M a y te s t and a s s is t in c o r r e c t in g
p rogram .

C la s s B .
O p e ra te s in d ep en d en tly, o r u nder on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n , a co m p u te r running
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s : M o s t o f th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s ta b lis h e d p ro d u ctio n
ru n s, t y p ic a lly run on a r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; th e r e is lit t le o r no te s tin g o f new p r o g r a m s
r e q u ir e d ; a lte rn a te p r o g r a m s a re p ro v id e d in c a s e o r ig in a l p r o g r a m n eed s m a jo r change o r cannot be
c o r r e c t e d w ith in a re a s o n a b ly tim e . In com m on e r r o r situ a tio n s , d ia g n o s e s cau se and ta k es c o r r e c t iv e
a ction .
T h is u su a lly in v o lv e s ap p lyin g p r e v io u s ly p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t iv e s te p s , o r using stan dard
c o r r e c t io n te ch n iq u es.
OR

F o r w a g e study p u rp o s e s ,

co m p u te r o p e r a to r s

a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A .
O p e ra te s in d ep en d en tly, o r u nder only g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n , a co m p u te r running
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s :
N ew p r o g r a m s
a re fr e q u e n tly t e s te d and
in tro d u ced ; sch ed u lin g r e q u ire m e n ts a re o f c r i t i c a l im p o rta n c e to m in im iz e d ow n tim e; the p r o g r a m s
a r e o f c o m p le x d esig n so that id e n tific a tio n o f e r r o r s o u rc e often r e q u ir e s a w o rk in g k n o w led g e o f the
to ta l p r o g r a m , and a lte rn a te p r o g r a m s m a y not b e a v a ila b le .
M a y g iv e d ir e c tio n and gu id an ce to
lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a to r s .




O p e ra te s u nder d ir e c t s u p e rv is io n a c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s o r segm en ts o f p r o g r a m s
w ith the c h a r a c t e r is t ic s d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A . M a y a s s is t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a to r b y in d ep en d en tly
p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt ta sk s fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s
and w ith fre q u e n t r e v ie w o f o p e ra tio n s p e r fo r m e d .
C la s s C . W o rk s on ro u tin e p r o g r a m s under c lo s e s u p e rv is io n . Is e x p e c te d to d e v e lo p w o rk in g
k n o w led g e o f th e c o m p u te r equ ip m en t used and a b ility to d etect p r o b le m s in v o lv e d in running rou tin e
p r o g r a m s . U s u a lly has r e c e iv e d so m e fo r m a l tr a in in g in co m p u te r o p e ra tio n . M a y a s s is t h ig h e r l e v e l
o p e r a to r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .

27

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BU SIN E SS

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BU SIN E SS— C on tin u ed

C o n v e r ts sta te m e n ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b le m s , t y p ic a lly p r e p a r e d b y a s y s te m s a n a ly s t, in to a
seq u en ce o f d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s w h ich a re r e q u ir e d to s o lv e the p r o b le m s b y a u to m a tic data p r o c e s s in g
equ ip m en t. W o rk in g f r o m c h a rts o r d ia g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s the p r e c is e in s tru c tio n s w h ich ,
w hen e n te r e d in to th e c o m p u te r s y s te m in co d e d la n g u a g e , cau se th e m an ip u lation o f data t o a c h ie v e
d e s ir e d r e s u lts .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : A p p lie s k n o w led g e o f c o m p u te r c a p a b ilitie s ,
m a th e m a tic s , lo g ic e m p lo y e d b y c o m p u te rs , and p a r t ic u la r s u b ject m a tte r in v o lv e d to a n a ly ze c h a rts
and d ia g r a m s o f the p r o b le m to be p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s sequ en ce o f p r o g r a m s tep s; w r it e s d e ta ile d
flo w c h a rts to show o r d e r in w h ich data w i l l b e p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r ts th e s e c h a rts to co d e d in s tru c tio n s
f o r m a ch in e t o fo llo w ; t e s ts and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s tru c tio n s f o r o p e ra tin g p e rs o n n e l
d u rin g p ro d u ctio n run; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lt e r s p r o g r a m s to in c r e a s e o p e ra tin g e f fic ie n c y o r
adapt to n ew re q u ir e m e n ts ; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s o f p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t and r e v is io n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s
p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g should be c la s s ifie d as s y s te m s a n a lysts i f th is is
th e s k ill used to d e te rm in e t h e ir p a y .)
D o es not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily re s p o n s ib le fo r the m an agem en t o r s u p e rv is io n o f o th e r
e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o g r a m m e r s p r im a r ily c o n c e rn e d w ith s c ie n t ific and/or
e n g in e e r in g p ro b le m s .
F o r w a g e study p u rp o s e s ,

p ro g ra m m ers

a r e c la s s if ie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W o r k s in d ep en d en tly o r under o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on c o m p le x p r o b le m s w h ich
r e q u ir e c o m p e te n c e in a ll p h a ses o f p ro g r a m m in g c o n cep ts and p r a c t ic e s .
W o rk in g f r o m d ia g ra m s
and c h a rts w h ich id e n tify th e n atu re o f d e s ir e d r e s u lt s , m a jo r p ro c e s s in g steps to b e a c c o m p lis h e d ,
and the r e la tio n s h ip s b etw een v a r io u s step s o f the p r o b le m s o lv in g rou tin e; plans the fu ll ra n ge
o f p r o g r a m m in g actio n s n eed ed to e f f ic ie n t ly u t iliz e th e c o m p u te r s y s te m in a c h ie v in g d e s ir e d
end p ro d u cts.
A t th is l e v e l, p r o g r a m m in g is d iffic u lt b e c a u s e c o m p u te r equ ipm ent m u st b e o r g a n iz e d to
p ro d u ce s e v e r a l in t e r r e la t e d but d iv e r s e p ro d u c ts f r o m n u m ero u s and d iv e r s e data e le m e n ts . A w id e
v a r ie t y and e x te n s iv e n u m b er o f in te r n a l p r o c e s s in g actio n s m u st o c c u r. T h is re q u ir e s such action s as
d e v e lo p m e n t o f com m on o p e ra tio n s w h ich can b e re u s e d , e s ta b lis h m e n t o f lin k a g e p oin ts b etw een
o p e ra tio n s , ad ju stm en ts to data when p r o g r a m re q u ir e m e n ts e x c e e d c o m p u te r s to r a g e c a p a c ity , and
su b sta n tia l m a n ip u lation and re s e q u e n c in g o f data e le m e n ts to fo r m a h ig h ly in te g r a te d p r o g r a m .
M ay

p r o v id e

fu n c tio n a l

d ir e c tio n to

lo w e r l e v e l

p rogra m m ers

w ho a re

s y s te m s a n a lysts

a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W o rk s in d ep en d en tly o r under o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on c o m p le x p ro b le m s in v o lv in g
a ll p h ases o f s y s te m a n a ly s is .
P r o b le m s a re c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d iv e r s e s o u r c e s o f input data and
m u ltip le -u s e r e q u ir e m e n ts o f output data. (F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in te g r a te d p rod u ction sc h e d u lin g ,
in v e n to r y c o n tr o l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in w h ic h e v e r y it e m o f e a c h ty p e is
a u to m a tic a lly p r o c e s s e d th rou gh th e fu ll s y s te m o f r e c o r d s and a p p ro p ria te fo llo w u p action s a r e in itia te d
b y th e c o m p u te r .) C o n fe r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e rn e d to d e te r m in e th e data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and
a d v is e s s u b je c t- m a tte r p e r s o n n e l on th e im p lic a tio n s o f n ew o r r e v is e d s y s te m s o f data p r o c e s s in g
o p e ra tio n s . M a k es re c o m m e n d a tio n s , i f n e e d e d , f o r a p p ro v a l o f m a jo r s y s te m s in s ta lla tio n s o r ch an ges
and f o r obtain in g equ ip m en t.
M a y p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l d ir e c tio n to lo w e r l e v e l s y s te m s a n a ly sts w ho a re a ssig n ed to a s s is t.
C la s s B . W o rk s in d ep en d en tly o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on p r o b le m s that a re r e la t iv e ly
u n c o m p lic a te d to a n a ly z e , p lan , p r o g r a m , and o p e r a te . P r o b le m s a r e o f lim it e d c o m p le x ity b eca u s e
s o u rc e s o f input data a re h om ogen eou s and th e output data a r e c lo s e ly re la te d . ( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s
s y s te m s fo r m a in ta in in g d e p o s ito r accou nts in a bank, m a in ta in in g accou nts r e c e iv a b le in a r e t a il
e s ta b lis h m e n t, o r m a in ta in in g in v e n to r y accou nts in a m a n u fa ctu rin g o r w h o le s a le e s ta b lis h m e n t.)
C o n fe r s w ith p e rs o n s c o n c e rn e d to d e te r m in e the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c tm a tte r p e rs o n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s o f the data p r o c e s s in g s y s te m s to be a pplied.
OR
W o rk s on a se g m e n t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s in g sc h e m e o r s y s te m , as d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A.
W o rk s in d ep en d en tly on ro u tin e a s s ig n m e n ts and r e c e iv e s in s tru c tio n and guidance on c o m p le x
a s s ig n m e n ts . W o r k is r e v ie w e d fo r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t, c o m p lia n c e w ith in s tru c tio n s , and to in s u re
p r o p e r a lig n m en t w ith th e o v e r a ll s y s te m .
C la s s C . W o rk s u nder im m e d ia te s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y in g out a n a ly ses as a s s ig n e d , u su a lly
o f a s in g le a c tiv ity .
A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p and expand p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e in the
a p p lica tio n o f p r o c e d u r e s and s k ills r e q u ir e d f o r s y s te m s a n a ly s is w o rk . F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s is t a
h ig h e r l e v e l s y s te m s an a lyst b y p r e p a r in g th e d e ta ile d s p e c ific a tio n s r e q u ir e d b y p r o g r a m m e r s fr o m
in fo rm a tio n d e v e lo p e d b y th e h ig h e r l e v e l a n a lyst.

a s s ig n e d to a s s is t.

C la s s B . W o r k s in d ep en d en tly o r u n der o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on r e la t iv e ly s im p le p r o g r a m s ,
o r on s im p le se g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s . P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n ts ) u su ally p r o c e s s in fo rm a tio n to
p ro d u c e data in tw o o r th r e e v a r ie d s eq u en ces o r fo r m a t s .
R e p o rts and lis t in g s a r e p ro d u c e d b y
r e fin in g , a daptin g, a r r a y in g , o r m a k in g m in o r ad d ition s to o r d e le tio n s f r o m input data w h ich a re
r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m ero u s r e c o r d s m a y be p r o c e s s e d , the data h a ve b een r e fin e d in p r io r
a ctio n s so that th e a c c u r a c y and seq u en cin g o f data can b e t e s te d b y u sin g a fe w rou tin e ch eck s.
T y p ic a lly , th e p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith ro u tin e r e c o r d - k e e p in g ty p e o p e ra tio n s .
OR
W o rk s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (as d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A ) u nder c lo s e d ir e c tio n o f a h ig h e r
l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s is t h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r b y in d ep en d en tly p e r fo r m in g
le s s d iffic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt ta s k s under f a i r l y c lo s e d ir e c tio n .
M a y guide o r in s tru c t lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s C . M a k es p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t ic e s and c o n cep ts u su ally le a r n e d
in fo r m a l tr a in in g c o u r s e s .
A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e te n c e in the a p p lica tio n of
s ta n d a rd p r o c e d u r e s to ro u tin e p r o b le m s . R e c e iv e s d o s e s u p e rv is io n on n ew a s p e c ts o f a s s ig n m e n ts ;
and w o r k is r e v ie w e d to v e r i f y its a c c u ra c y and c o n fo rm a n c e w ith r e q u ir e d p ro c e d u r e s .
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U S IN E S S
A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b le m s to to rm u la te p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g th e m b y use o f e le c t r o n ic
data p r o c e s s in g eq u ip m en t.
D e v e lo p s a c o m p le te d e s c r ip tio n o f a ll s p e c ific a tio n s n eed ed to en a b le
p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e r e q u ir e d d ig it a l c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
A n a ly z e s s u b je c t- m a tte r o p e ra tio n s to be au tom ated and id e n t ifie s con d itio n s and c r i t e r i a r e q u ir e d to
a c h ie v e s a t is fa c t o r y re s u lts ; s p e c ifie s n u m b er and ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and docu m en ts t o be used;
o u tlin e s a ctio n s to be p e r fo r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u te rs in s u ffic ie n t d e ta il f o r p re s e n ta tio n to
m a n a gem en t and f o r p r o g r a m m in g (ty p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p r e p a r a tio n o f w o r k and data flo w c h a r ts );
c o o r d in a te s th e d e v e lo p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b le m s and p a r tic ip a te s in t r i a l runs o f n ew and r e v is e d s y s te m s ;
and r e c o m m e n d s eq u ip m en t ch an ges t o obtain m o r e e f f e c t iv e o v e r a ll o p e ra tio n s .
(N O T E :
W o rk ers
p e r fo r m in g b oth s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p ro g r a m m in g should be c la s s ifie d as s y s te m s a n a lysts i f th is is
th e s k ill u sed t o d e te r m in e t h e ir p a y .)
D o es not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily re s p o n s ib le f o r th e m a n a gem en t o r s u p e rv is io n o f o th e r
e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r s y s te m s a n a ly sts p r im a r ily c o n c e rn e d w ith s c ie n t ific o r
e n g in e e r in g p r o b le m s .




F o r w a g e study p u rp o s e s ,

DRAFTER
C la s s A . P la n s the g ra p h ic p re s e n ta tio n o f c o m p le x ite m s h avin g d is tin c tiv e d esign fe a tu re s
that d if f e r s ig n ific a n tly f r o m e s ta b lis h e d d ra ftin g p r e c e d e n ts . W o rk s in c lo s e support w ith the d esig n
o r ig in a t o r , and m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n ch a n ges.
A n a ly z e s the e ffe c t o f e a ch change on the
d e ta ils o f fo r m , fu n ction , and p o s itio n a l re la tio n s h ip s o f com p on en ts and p a rts .
W o rk s w ith a
m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is ta n c e . C o m p le te d w o r k is r e v ie w e d b y d esig n o r ig in a to r f o r c o n s is te n c y
w ith p r io r e n g in e e r in g d e te rm in a tio n s . M a y e it h e r p r e p a r e d ra w in g s , o r d ir e c t t h e ir p re p a ra tio n by
lo w e r l e v e l d r a ft e r s .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n rou tin e and c o m p le x d ra ftin g a s s ig n m e n ts that r e q u ir e th e a p p lic a tio n
o f m o s t o f th e s ta n d a rd iz e d d ra w in g tec h n iq u e s r e g u la r ly used. D u ties ty p ic a lly in v o lv e su ch w o r k as:
P r e p a r e s w o rk in g d ra w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith i r r e g u la r sh a p e s , m u ltip le fu n ction s, and p r e c is e
p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s b e tw e e n com p o n en ts; p r e p a r e s a r c h ite c tu r a l d ra w in g s f o r co n stru ctio n o f a
bu ild in g in clu d in g d e ta il d ra w in g s o f fou n d a tion s, w a ll s e c tio n s , fl o o r p la n s , and ro o f. U s e s a c cep ted
fo r m u la s and m an u als in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y com p u ta tio n s to d e te r m in e qu a n tities o f m a te r ia ls to be
u sed , lo a d c a p a c itie s , s tre n g th s , s t r e s s e s , e tc .
R e c e iv e s in it ia l in s tr u c tio n s , re q u ir e m e n ts , and
a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le te d w o rk is ch e c k e d fo r te c h n ic a l adequ acy.
C la s s C . P r e p a r e s d e ta il d ra w in g s o f s in g le units o r p a r ts f o r e n g in e e r in g , co n s tru c tio n ,
m a n u fa c tu rin g , o r r e p a ir p u rp o s e s .
T y p e s o f d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d in clu d e is o m e t r ic p ro je c tio n s
(d e p ic tin g th r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u ra te s c a le ) and s e c tio n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s itio n in g o f com ponents
and c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a tio n .
C o n s o lid a te s d e ta ils fr o m a n u m b er o f s o u rc e s and ad ju sts o r
tr a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ir e d .
S u g g e s te d m eth o d s o f a p p ro a ch , a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n ts , and a d v ic e on
s o u rc e m a t e r ia ls a r e g iv e n w ith in it ia l a s s ig n m e n ts . In s tru c tio n s a r e le s s c o m p le te when assign m en ts
recu r.
W o r k m a y b e s p o t-c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T E R -T R A C E R
C o p ie s plan s and d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o th e rs by p la c in g t r a c in g c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r d ra w in g s
and tr a c in g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
(D o e s not in clu d e t r a c in g lim it e d to plan s p r im a r ily c o n s is tin g o f
s tra ig h t lin e s and a la r g e s c a le not re q u ir in g c lo s e d e lin e a tio n .)
AND /O R
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e t it iv e d ra w in g s o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d ite m s .
d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

W o r k is c lo s e ly s u p e r v is e d

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — C ontinued

W o rk s on v a r io u s ty p e s o f e le c t r o n ic equ ip m en t and r e la te d d e v ic e s by p e r fo r m in g one o r a
com b in ation o f the fo llo w in g : In s ta llin g , m a in ta in in g , r e p a ir in g , o v e rh a u lin g , tro u b le s h o o tin g , m o d ify in g ,
c o n s tru c tin g , and te s tin g .
W o r k re q u ir e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n o f te c h n ic a l k n o w led g e o f e le c t r o n ic s
p r in c ip le s , a b ility to d e te r m in e m a lfu n c tio n s , and s k ill to put equ ipm en t in r e q u ir e d o p e ra tin g con d ition .

C la s s B . A p p lie s c o m p re h e n s iv e te c h n ic a l k n o w led ge to s o lv e c o m p le x p ro b le m s (i. e . , th ose
that ty p ic a lly can be s o lv e d s o le ly b y p r o p e r ly in te r p r e tin g m a n u fa c tu re rs ' m anuals o r s im ila r
d o c u m e n ts ) in w o rk in g on e le c t r o n ic eq u ip m en t. W o rk in v o lv e s : A fa m ilia r it y w ith the in te r r e la t io n ­
ships o f c ir c u it s ; and ju d gm en t in d e te rm in in g w o r k sequ en ce and in s e le c tin g to o ls and testin g
in s tru m e n ts , u su ally le s s c o m p le x than th o se used b y the c la s s A te c h n ic ia n .

T h e equ ipm en t— c o n s is tin g o f e ith e r m an y d iffe r e n t kinds o f c ir c u its o r m u ltip le r e p e titio n of
the sam e kind o f c ir c u it — in c lu d e s , but is not lim it e d to , the fo llo w in g :
(a ) E le c t r o n ic tra n s m ittin g
and r e c e iv in g equ ip m en t (e . g . , r a d a r , ra d io , t e le v is io n , te le p h o n e , so n a r, n a v ig a tio n a l a id s ), (b )
d ig ita l and a n alog c o m p u te rs , and ( c ) in d u s tria l and m e d ic a l m e a s u rin g and c o n tr o llin g equ ipm en t.

R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l gu id a n ce, as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n , and
w o r k is r e v ie w e d f o r s p e c ific c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d p r a c tic e s and w o rk a s s ig n m e n ts . M a y p ro v id e
te c h n ic a l gu idan ce to lo w e r l e v e l tec h n ic ia n s .

T h is c la s s ific a t io n e x c lu d e s r e p a ir m e n o f such stan d ard e le c t r o n ic equ ipm ent as com m on o ffic e
m a ch in es and h ou seh old r a d io and te le v is io n s e ts ; p rod u ction a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h ose
p r im a r y duty is
s e r v ic in g e le c t r o n ic te s t in s tru m e n ts ; te c h n ic ia n s who have a d m in is tr a tiv e o r
s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s ib ility ; and d r a ft e r s , d e s ig n e r s , and p r o fe s s io n a l en g in e e rs .

C la s s C . A p p lie s w o rk in g te c h n ic a l k n o w led ge to p e r fo r m s im p le o r rou tin e task s in w o rk in g
on e le c t r o n ic equ ip m en t, fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s w h ich c o v e r v ir t u a lly a ll p ro c e d u re s .
W ork
t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s such ta s k s as: A s s is tin g h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s b y p e r fo r m in g such a c tiv it ie s as
r e p la c in g com p o n en ts, w ir in g c ir c u it s , and ta k in g te s t re a d in g s ; r e p a ir in g s im p le e le c t r o n ic equ ipm en t;
and using t o o ls and com m on te s t in stru m en ts (e .g ., m u ltim e te r s , audio s ig n a l g e n e r a to r s , tube t e s t e r s ,
o s c illo s c o p e s ). Is not r e q u ir e d to be fa m ilia r w ith the in te r r e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u its . T h is k n o w le d g e ,
h o w e v e r , m a y b e a c q u ire d th rou gh a ss ig n m e n ts d e s ig n e d to in c r e a s e c o m p e te n c e (inclu ding, c la s s r o o m
t r a in in g ) so that w o r k e r can advance to h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n .

P o s it io n s

a r e c la s s ifie d in to le v e ls

on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d efin itio n s .

R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l gu id a n ce, as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r l e v e l tech n icia n . W o rk
is ty p ic a lly spot ch ec k e d , but is g iv e n d e ta ile d r e v ie w when n ew o r advan ced a ss ig n m e n ts a r e in v o lv e d .

G la s s A . A p p lie s ad va n ced te c h n ic a l k n o w led g e to s o lv e unusually c o m p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e . ,
th o se that t y p ic a lly cannot be s o lv e d s o le ly b y
r e fe r e n c e to m a n u fa c tu r e r s 1 m anu als o r s im ila r
d o c u m e n ts ) in w o rk in g on e le c t r o n ic equ ipm en t.
E x a m p le s o f such p ro b le m s in clu d e lo c a tio n and
d en sity o f c ir c u it r y , e le c t r o - m a g n e t ic ra d ia tio n , is o la tin g m a lfu n c tio n s , and fre q u e n t e n g in e e rin g
ch an ges.
W o r k in v o lv e s :
A d e ta ile d u n derstan din g o f the in te rr e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s ; e x e r c is in g
in depen den t ju d gm en t in p e r fo r m in g such ta s k s as m akin g c ir c u it a n a ly s e s , c a lc u la tin g w a ve fo r m s ,
tr a c in g re la tio n s h ip s in s ig n a l flo w ; and r e g u la r ly using c o m p le x te s t in stru m en ts’ (e .g ., dual tr a c e
o s c illo s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia tio n m e t e r s , p u lse g e n e r a to r s ).
W o r k m a y b e r e v ie w e d b y
c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d p r a c t ic e s .

s u p e r v is o r (fre q u e n tly an e n g in e e r o r d e s ig n e r ) fo r g e n e r a l
M a y p r o v id e te c h n ic a l gu idan ce to lo w e r l e v e l tech n ic ia n s .

N U R S E , IN D U S T R IA L (R e g is t e r e d )
A r e g is t e r e d n u rse w ho g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e under g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ir e c tio n to i l l o r in ju r e d
e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e rs o n s who b e c o m e i l l o r s u ffe r an a ccid en t on the p r e m is e s o f a fa c t o r y o r
o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
D u ties in v o lv e a com b in ation o f the fo llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t aid to the i l l o r
in ju re d ; attending to subsequent d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s o f p a tien ts tr e a te d ;
p re p a rin g a ccid en t r e p o r ts fo r com p en sa tio n o r o th er p u rp o s e s ; a s s is tin g in p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s and
h ea lth e va lu a tio n s o f ap p lica n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y in g out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h ealth
ed u ca tion , a ccid en t p r e v e n tio n , e v a lu a tio n o f plant e n v iro n m e n t, o r o th e r a c t iv it ie s a ffe c tin g the h ealth ,
w e lfa r e , and s a fe ty o f a ll p e rs o n n e l. N u rs in g s u p e r v is o r s o r head n u rs e s in es ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g
m o r e than one n u rse a r e ex clu d ed .

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
B O IL E R T E N D E R

H ELPER ,

F i r e s s ta tio n a ry b o ile r s to fu rn ish th e es ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith h eat, p o w e r ,
o r stea m .
F e e d s fu els to f i r e by hand o r o p e ra te s a m e c h a n ic a l s to k e r, g a s , o r o il b u rn e r; and
c h eck s w a t e r and s a fe ty v a lv e s .
M a y c le a n , o il, o r a s s is t in re p a ir in g b o ile r r o o m equ ipm en t.

A s s is t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m a in ten a n ce tr a d e s , b y p e r fo r m in g s p e c ific o r
g e n e r a l du ties o f l e s s e r s k ill, such as k eep in g a w o r k e r su p p lied w ith m a t e r ia ls and to o ls ; clea n in g
w o rk in g a r e a , m a c h in e , and eq u ip m en t; a s s is tin g jo u rn ey m a n by h oldin g m a t e r ia ls o r to o ls ; and
p e r fo r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d ta sk s as d ir e c te d b y jo u rn ey m a n . T h e kin d o f w o rk the h e lp e r is p e r m itte d
to p e r fo r m v a r ie s fr o m tra d e to tr a d e :
In so m e tr a d e s the h e lp e r is c o n fin e d to su pplyin g, liftin g ,
and h old in g m a t e r ia ls and t o o ls , and c lea n in g w o rk in g a r e a s ; and in o th e rs he is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m
s p e c ia liz e d m a ch in e o p e r a tio n s , o r p a rts o f a tra d e that a re a ls o p e r fo r m e d by w o r k e r s on a
fu ll- t im e b a s is .

C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r f o r m s the c a r p e n tr y du ties n e c e s s a r y to co n s tru c t and m ain tain in g ood r e p a ir b u ild in g
w o o d w o rk and equ ip m en t such as b in s , c r ib s , c o u n te rs , b en ch es, p a r titio n s , d o o r s , flo o r s , s ta ir s ,
c a s in g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t of the fo llo w in g : Plan n in g
and la y in g out o f w o r k fr o m b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tru c tio n s ; using a v a r ie t y o f
c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d tools, p o rta b le p o w e r to o ls , and stan d ard m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; m ak in g stan dard
shop co m p u ta tion s re la tin g to d im en sio n s o f w o rk ; and s e le c tin g m a te r ia ls n e c e s s a r y f o r the w o rk . In
g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f th e m ain ten a n ce c a r p e n te r r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally
a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r eq u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic a l tr a d e fu n ction s such as the in s ta lla tio n , m a in ten a n ce, o r
r e p a ir o f eq u ip m en t fo r the g e n e r a tio n , d is trib u tio n , o r u tiliz a tio n o f e l e c t r ic e n e r g y in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In s ta llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic a l equ ipm en t
such as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s fo r m e r s , s w itc h b o a rd s , c o n t r o lle r s , c ir c u it b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h eatin g u nits,
conduit s y s te m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m is s io n equ ip m en t; w o rk in g fr o m b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s , la y o u ts , o r
o th e r s p e c ific a tio n s ; lo c a tin g and d ia gn osin g tro u b le in the e l e c t r ic a l s y s te m o r equ ipm en t; w o rk in g
stan d ard co m p u ta tion s r e la tin g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n ts o f w ir in g o r e le c t r ic a l equ ipm en t; and using a
v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic ia n 's han dtools and m e a s u rin g and te s tin g in s tru m e n ts . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the
m a in ten a n ce e le c t r ic ia n re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A C H IN E - T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O L R O O M
S p e c ia liz e s in o p e ra tin g one o r m o r e than one ty p e o f m a ch in e to o l (e .g ., j i g b o r e r , grin d in g
m a ch in e, en gin e la th e , m illin g m a c h in e ) to m a ch in e m eted f o r use in m akin g o r m ain tain in g jig s ,
fix tu r e s , cu tting t o o ls , g a u g e s , o r m e ta l d ies o r m o ld s used in shaping o r fo r m in g m e ta l o r n o n m e ta llic
m a t e r ia l (e .g ., p la s t ic , p la s t e r , ru b b e r, g la s s ). W o rk ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s : P la n n in g and p e r fo r m in g
d iffic u lt m a ch in in g o p e ra tio n s w h ich r e q u ir e c o m p lic a te d setups o r a high d e g r e e o f a c c u ra c y ; settin g
up m ach in e t o o l o r t o o ls (e .g ., in s t a ll cutting t o o ls and adjust gu id e s , s to p s, w o rk in g ta b le s , and o th er
c o n tro ls to handle the s iz e o f stock to be m ach in ed ; d e te rm in e p r o p e r fe e d s , s p eed s, to o lin g , and
o p e ra tio n sequ en ce o r s e le c t th o s e p r e s c r ib e d in d ra w in g s , b lu e p rin ts , o r la y o u ts ); using a v a r ie t y o f
p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; m akin g n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm en ts d u rin g m a ch in in g o p era tio n to a c h ie v e
re q u is ite d im en sio n s to v e r y c lo s e to le r a n c e s . M a y be r e q u ir e d to s e le c t p r o p e r coola n ts and cutting
and lu b ric a tin g o ils , to r e c o g n iz e when to o ls n e e d d r e s s in g , and to d re s s to o ls . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk
o f a m a c h in e -to o l o p e r a to r , to o lr o o m , at the s k ill l e v e l c a lle d fo r in th is c la s s ific a tio n re q u ir e s
e x te n s iv e k n o w led g e o f m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c t ic e u su ally a c q u ire d through c o n s id e ra b le
o n -th e -jo b tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a ge study p u rp o s e s , th is c la s s ific a t io n d oes not
o p e r a to r s , t o o lr o o m , e m p lo y e d in to o l- a n d - d ie jo b b in g shops.

E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O p e ra te s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e the o p e ra tio n of s ta tio n a ry en gin es and
equ ipm en t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e le c t r i c a l ) to supply the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , h eat,
r e fr ig e r a t io n , o r a ir -c o n d itio n in g .
W o r k in v o lv e s :
O p e ra tin g and m a in ta in in g equ ip m en t such as
s te a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a to r s , m o t o r s , tu rb in e s , v e n tila tin g and r e fr ig e r a t in g equ ip m en t,
s te a m b o ile r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a te r pum ps; m ak in g equ ipm en t r e p a ir s ; and k eep in g a r e c o r d o f o p e ra tio n
o f m a c h in e r y , te m p e r a tu r e , and fu e l con su m ption .
M a y a ls o s u p e rv is e th e s e o p e ra tio n s .
H ead o r
c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts em p lo y in g m o r e than one e n g in e e r a r e exclu ded.




M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

in clu d e m a c h in e -to o l

M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a rts and n ew p a rts in m akin g r e p a ir s o f m e ta l p a rts o f m e c h a n ic a l
equ ip m en t o p e r a te d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : in te r p r e tin g w ritte n
in s tru c tio n s and s p e c ific a tio n s ; planning and la y in g out o f w o r k ; using a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in is t's handtools
and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; settin g up and o p e ra tin g stan d ard m a ch in e to o ls ; shaping o f m e ta l

29

M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E — C ontinued

P A I N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

p a r ts to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; m a k in g sta n d a rd shop com p u tation s r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , to o lin g ,
fe e d s , and sp eed s o f m a ch in in g ; k n o w led g e o f th e w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s o f the com m on m e ta ls ; s e le c tin g
stan d ard m a t e r ia ls , p a r ts , and equ ip m en t r e q u ir e d f o r th is w o rk ; and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a rts into
m e c h a n ic a l equ ipm en t.
In g e n e r a l, th e m a c h in is t's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rounded tr a in in g in
m a c h in e -s h o p p r a c t ic e u su ally a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r eq u iva len t tra in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .

P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w o o d w o rk , and fix tu r e s o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s the
fo llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f s u rfa c e p e c u lia r it ie s and ty p e s o f paint r e q u ir e d for.' d iffe r e n t a p p lic a tio n s ;
p r e p a r in g s u rfa c e f o r p ain tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p la c in g putty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o le s and
in t e r s t ic e s ; and ap p lyin g paint w ith s p r a y gun o r b ru sh . M a y m ix c o lo r s , o ils , w h ite le a d , and o th e r
paint in g re d ie n ts to obtain p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is te n c y .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m ain ten a n ce
p a in te r re q u ir e s rou nded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M a in te n a n c e )
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u ses, m o to r tr u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s
m o s t o f the fo llo w in g ; E x a m in in g a u to m o tiv e eq u ip m en t to d ia g n o se s o u rce o f tr o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g
equ ip m en t and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that in v o lv e the use o f such h an d tools as w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r ills ,
o r s p e c ia liz e d equ ip m en t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a r ts ; re p la c in g b rok en o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts fr o m
s to ck ; g rin d in g and adju stin g v a lv e s ; re a s s e m b lin g and in s ta llin g th e v a rio u s a s s e m b lie s in th e v e h ic le
and m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm en ts; and a lig n in g w h e e ls , ad ju stin g b r a k e s and lig h ts , o r tig h te n in g body
b o lts . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the a u to m o tiv e m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s rou n ded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally
a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

In s ta lls o r r e p a ir s w a t e r , s te a m , g a s , o r o th e r ty p e s of pip e and p ip e fittin g s in an e s ta b lis h ­
m en t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : L a y in g out o f w o rk and m e a s u rin g to lo c a te p o s itio n o f
p ip e fr o m d ra w in g s o r o th e r w r itte n s p e c ific a tio n s ; cutting v a r io u s s iz e s o f p ip e to c o r r e c t len gth s
w ith c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e to r c h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a c h in e s ; th re a d in g pip e w ith stock s and
d ie s ; bending pip e b y h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g p ip e w ith cou p lin gs and
fa s te n in g pip e to h a n g e rs ; m akin g sta n d a rd shop com p u tation s r e la tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f
p ip e r e q u ir e d ; and m ak in g stan d ard t e s ts to d e te r m in e w h e th e r fin is h e d p ip es m e e t s p e c ific a tio n s . In
g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in ten a n ce p ip e fit t e r r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e u su ally
a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
W o r k e r s p r im a r ily
e n g a g ed in in s ta llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g sa n ita tio n o r h eatin g s y s te m s a re e x c lu d e d .

T h is c la s s ific a tio n d oes not in clu d e m e c h a n ic s w ho r e p a ir c u s to m e r s ' v e h ic le s in a u tom ob ile
r e p a ir shops.

S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
F a b r ic a t e s , in s t a lls , and m a in ta in s in g o o d r e p a ir the s h e e t- m e ta l equ ipm en t and fix tu r e s (such
as m ach in e g u a rd s , g r e a s e p an s, s h e lv e s , lo c k e r s , tan ks, v e n t ila t o r s , ch u tes, ducts, m e ta l r o o fin g )
o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P la n n in g and la y in g out a ll typ es o f s h eetm e ta l m a in ten a n ce w o rk f r o m b lu e p rin ts , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c ific a tio n s ; settin g up and o p e ra tin g a ll
a v a ila b le ty p es o f s h e e t- m e ta l w o rk in g m a c h in e s ; using a v a r ie t y o f h an dtools in cu ttin g, b en d in g,
fo r m in g , shaping, fittin g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s ta llin g s h e e t- m e ta l a r t ic le s as r e q u ire d . In g e n e r a l,
the w o r k o f the m ain ten an ce s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s rounded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally
a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo rm e d a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a ir s m a c h in e ry o r m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m en t o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the
fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l equ ip m en t to d ia g n o se s o u rce o f tro u b le ; d ism a n tlin g
o r p a r tly d is m a n tlin g m a ch in es and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly in v o lv e the use o f h an d tools in
s c ra p in g and fittin g p a r ts ; r e p la c in g b ro k en o r d e fe c t iv e p a rts w ith ite m s obtain ed fr o m stock ; o r d e r in g
the p rod u ction o f a re p la c e m e n t p a rt b y a m a ch in e shop o r sen din g o f the m a ch in e to a m a ch in e shop
f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s ; p re p a r in g w r itte n s p e c ific a tio n s f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r f o r the p rod u ction o f p a rts
o r d e r e d fr o m m a ch in e sh ops; re a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m a k in g a ll n e c e s s a r y a dju stm en ts fo r
o p e ra tio n . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f a m ain ten a n ce m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e
u su a lly a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . E x clu d ed fr o m
th is c la s s ific a t io n a r e w o r k e r s w h o se p r im a r y du ties in v o lv e settin g up o r adju sting m a ch in es.

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R

M IL L W R IG H T
In s ta lls n ew m a c h in e s o r h e a v y eq u ip m en t, and d is m a n tle s and in s ta lls m a c h in e s o r h ea vy
equ ip m en t when ch an ges in the plant la you t a r e re q u ir e d .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
P la n n in g and la y in g out o f th e w o r k ; in te r p r e tin g b lu e p rin ts o r o th e r s p e c ific a tio n s ; using a v a r ie t y of
h an d tools and r ig g in g ; m ak in g sta n d a rd shop co m p u ta tion s re la tin g to s t r e s s e s , stre n g th o f m a t e r ia ls ,
and c e n te r s o f g r a v it y ; a lig n in g and b a la n c in g o f equ ip m en t; s e le c tin g stan d ard to o ls , equ ip m en t, and
p a rts to be u sed; and in s ta llin g and m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r tr a n s m is s io n equ ip m en t such as
d r iv e s and sp eed r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rounded tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e in the tr a d e a c q u ire d th ro u gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r eq u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

C o n stru cts and r e p a ir s ji g s , fix t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o ls , ga u g e s , o r m e ta l d ies o r m o ld s u sed in
shaping o r fo r m in g m e ta l o r n o n - m e ta llic m a t e r ia l (e . g . , p la s t ic , p la s t e r , ru b b e r, g la s s ).
W o rk
ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s : P la n n in g and la y in g out w o r k a c c o rd in g to m o d e ls , b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s , o r o th er
w ritte n o r o r a l s p e c ific a tio n s ; u n derstan din g the w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s o f com m on m e ta ls and a llo y s ;
s e le c tin g a p p ro p ria te m a t e r ia ls , t o o ls , and p r o c e s s e s r e q u ir e d to c o m p le te ta sk ; m akin g n e c e s s a r y
shop com p u tation ; settin g up and o p e ra tin g v a r io u s m a ch in e t o o ls and r e la te d equ ipm en t; using v a rio u s
t o o l and die m a k e r 's h an dtools and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; w o rk in g to v e r y c lo s e to le r a n c e s ;
h e a t-tr e a tin g m e ta l p a rts and fin is h e d t o o ls and d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a litie s ; fittin g and
a s s e m b lin g p a rts to p r e s c r ib e d t o le r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l, to o l and d ie m a k e r 's w o rk
r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and to o lr o o m p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ire d th rou gh fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a g e study p u rp o s e s , th is c la s s ific a t io n d oes not in clu d e t o o l and die
m a k e rs who (1 ) a r e e m p lo y e d in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g shops o r (2 ) p ro d u ce fo r g in g d ie s (d ie s in k e rs ).

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL M O V E M E N T
GUARD AND W A TC H M E N

L A B O R E R , M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

G u a rd . P e r f o r m s ro u tin e p o lic e d u tie s , e it h e r at fix e d p o st o r on to u r, m a in ta in in g o r d e r ,
using a rm s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
In clu d es ga te m e n w ho a r e sta tion ed at gate and ch eck on
id e n tity o f e m p lo y e e s and o th e r p e rs o n s e n te r in g .

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a re h o u s e , m a n u fa ctu rin g p lan t, s t o r e , o r o th e r e sta b lish m en t w h ose
du ties in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : L o a d in g and unloading v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and m e rc h a n d is e
on o r fr o m fr e ig h t c a r s , tru c k s , o r o th e r tr a n s p o r tin g d e v ic e s ; unpacking, s h e lv in g , o r p la cin g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e rc h a n d is e in p r o p e r s to ra g e lo c a tio n ; and tra n s p o r tin g m a t e r ia ls o r m e rc h a n d is e by
handtruck, c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , who lo a d and unload ships a re e x c lu d e d ;

W a tch m a n .
and il l e g a l e n try .

M a k es rounds o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p ro te c tin g p r o p e r t y a ga in st f i r e , th e ft,

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R

C le a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r ly con d ition fa c t o r y w o rk in g a r e a s and w a s h ro o m s , o r p r e m is e s
o f an o ffic e , a p a rtm en t h ou se, o r c o m m e r c ia l o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t. D u ties in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f
the fo llo w in g : S w eep in g , m op p in g o r s c ru b b in g , and p o lis h in g f lo o r s ; r e m o v in g c h ip s, tr a s h , and o th e r
r e fu s e ; du sting equ ip m en t, fu r n itu r e , o r fix t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e ta l fix tu r e s o r tr im m in g s ; p ro v id in g
s u p p lie s and m in o r m a in ten a n ce s e r v ic e s ; and c lea n in g la v a t o r ie s , s h o w e rs , and r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s
w h o s p e c ia liz e in w in d ow w ash in g a r e ex clu d ed .




O RD ER F IL L E R
F i l l s sh ippin g o r t r a n s fe r o r d e r s f o r fin is h e d g o o d s f r o m s to r e d m e rc h a n d is e in a c c o rd a n c e
w ith s p e c ific a tio n s on s a le s s lip s , c u s to m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s tru c tio n s .
M a y , in ad d ition to
fillin g o r d e r s and in d ic a tin g ite m s f i l l e d o r o m itte d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f ou tgoin g o r d e r s , r e q u is itio n
ad d itio n a l sto ck o r r e p o r t s h o rt su p p lies to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r fo r m o th e r r e la te d du ties.
P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p ro d u cts f o r sh ipm en t o r s to r a g e b y p la c in g th e m in shipping c o n ta in e r s ,
the s p e c ific o p e ra tio n s p e r fo r m e d b ein g dependent upon the ty p e , s iz e , and n u m b er o f units to be
p a ck ed , the ty p e o f c o n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , and m eth od o f sh ipm en t. W o r k r e q u ir e s the p la cin g o f ite m s
in shipping c o n ta in e rs and m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f v a r io u s ite m s o f

30

P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G — C ontinued

T R U C K D R IV E R — C ontinued

stock in o r d e r to v e r i f y con ten t; s e le c tio n o f a p p ro p ria te ty p e and s iz e o f c o n ta in e r; in s e r tin g
e n c lo s u re s in c o n ta in e r; using e x c e ls io r o r o th e r m a t e r ia l to p re v e n t b re a k a g e o r d a m a g e; c lo s in g and
s e a lin g c o n ta in e r; and a pplyin g la b e ls o r e n te rin g id e n tify in g data on c o n ta in e r. P a c k e r s w ho a ls o m ake
wooden b o x e s o r c r a te s a re e x c lu d e d .

fo llo w s :

P r e p a r e s m e rc h a n d is e fo r sh ip m en t, o r r e c e iv e s and is r e s p o n s ib le fo r in c o m in g shipm ents
o f m e rc h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r ia ls .
Shipping w o rk in v o lv e s : A k n o w le d ge o f sh ippin g p r o c e d u r e s ,
p r a c t ic e s , ro u te s , a v a ila b le m ean s o f tra n s p o rta tio n , and r a te s ; and p re p a rin g r e c o r d s o f the goods
shipped, m ak in g up b ills o f la d in g , p o stin g w e ig h t and shipping c h a r g e s , and k e e p in g a f i l e o f shipping
r e c o r d s . M a y d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p r e p a r in g the m e rc h a n d is e f o r sh ipm en t. R e c e iv in g w o rk in v o lv e s ;
V e r ify in g o r d ir e c tin g o th e rs in v e r ify in g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f sh ip m en ts again st b ills o f la d in g , in v o ic e s ,
o r o th er r e c o r d s ; ch eck in g f o r s h o rta g e s and r e je c t in g d am a ged g o o d s; rou tin g m e rc h a n d is e o r
m a te r ia ls to p r o p e r d e p a rtm e n ts ; and m ain ta in in g n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and f ile s .

study p u rp o s e s ,

w ork ers

TR U C K E R , POW ER

goods

O p e ra te s a m a n u a lly c o n tr o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic - p o w e r e d tru ck o r t r a c t o r to tra n s p o rt
and m a t e r ia ls o f a ll kin ds about a w a re h o u s e , m a n u fa ctu rin g p lan t, o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
F o r w a ge

study p u rp o s e s ,

w ork ers

a r e c la s s ifie d b y ty p e of tru c k ,

as fo llo w s :

T r u c k e r , p o w e r (fo r k lif t )
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (o th e r than f o r k lif t )

a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

W AREHOUSEM AN

R e c e iv in g c le r k
Shipping c le r k
Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k

T R U C K D R IV E R
D r iv e s a tru c k w ith in a c ity o r in d u s tr ia l a r e a to tr a n s p o r t m a t e r ia ls , m e rc h a n d is e , equ ipm en t,
o r m en b etw e e n v a r io u s ty p e s o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts such as: M an u factu rin g p la n ts, fr e ig h t d ep o ts,
w a re h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r b etw een r e t a il esta b lis h m e n ts and c u s to m e r s '
houses o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M a y a ls o lo a d o r unload tru ck w ith o r w ithout h e lp e r s , m ake m in o r
m e c h a n ic a l r e p a ir s , and k eep tru ck in g ood w o rk in g o r d e r .
D r iv e r - s a le s m e n and o v e r - t h e - r o a d
d r iv e r s a re e x clu d ed .

Area Wage Survey bulletins will be issued once every 3 years.

A s d ir e c te d , p e r fo r m s a v a r ie t y o f w a reh o u sin g du ties w h ich r e q u ir e an u nderstanding of
the e s ta b lis h m e n t's s to r a g e p la n . W o rk in v o lv e s m o st of the fo llo w in g : V e r ify in g m a te r ia ls (o r
m e r c h a n d is e ) a ga in st r e c e iv in g docu m en ts, notin g and re p o r tin g d is c r e p a n c ie s and obviou s da m a ges;
rou tin g m a t e r ia ls to p r e s c r ib e d s to ra g e lo c a tio n s ; s to r in g , sta c k in g , o r p a lle tiz in g m a t e r ia ls in
a cc o rd a n c e w ith p r e s c r ib e d s to ra g e m eth od s; re a r r a n g in g and ta k in g in v e n to r y o f s to re d m a t e r ia ls ;
ex a m in in g s to r e d m a t e r ia ls and re p o r tin g d e te r io r a tio n and d a m a ge; r e m o v in g m a t e r ia l fr o m s to r a g e
and p r e p a r in g it fo r sh ip m en t. M a y o p e ra te hand o r p o w e r tru c k s in p e r fo r m in g w a reh o u sin g du ties.
E xclu d e w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y du ties in v o lv e shipping and r e c e iv in g w o r k (s e e shipping and
r e c e iv in g c le r k and p a c k e r , sh ip p in g ), o r d e r fillin g (s e e o r d e r f i l l e r ) , o r o p e ra tin g p o w e r tru c k s (s e e
tr u c k e r , p o w e r ).

These bulletins will contain information on establishment practices and supplementary benefits as well as earnings. In the interim years, supplements containing data on
earnings only will be issued at no additional cost to holders o f the
bulletin. I f you wish to receive these supplements, please complete the coupons below and mail to any o f the BLS regional addresses listed on the back
cover o f this publication. No further action on your part is necessary. Each year, you will receive the supplement when it is published.

Area Wage

r~
I

1
Please send a copy o f Supplement II to BLS Bulletin

Please send a copy o f Supplement II to BLS Bulletin
Name

| Name

Address

I

City and State




as

T r u c k d r iv e r (c o m b in a tio n of s iz e s lis t e d s e p a r a te ly )
T r u c k d r iv e r , lig h t (u n d er IV 2 to n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , m ed iu m ( 1 V2 to and in clu d in g 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s , t r a i l e r ty p e )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s , o th e r than t r a i l e r ty p e )

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K

F o r w age

F o r w a g e study p u rp o s e s , tr u c k d r iv e r s a r e c la s s ifie d b y s iz e and ty p e of equ ip m en t,
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r should be r a te d on the b a s is o f t r a i l e r c a p a c ity .)

Address

Zip Code

City and State

Zip Code
!

31

Available On Request—
T h e fo llo w in g a r e a s a r e s u rv e y e d p e r io d ic a lly f o r use in a d m in is te rin g the S e r v ic e C o n tra c t A c t o f 1965.
th e B L S r e g io n a l o ffic e s shown on the back c o v e r .
A la m o g o r d o —L a s C r u c e s , N. M ex .
A la s k a
A lb a n y , Ga.
A lb u q u erq u e, N. M e x .
A le x a n d r ia , L a .
A lp e n a , Standish and T a w a s C ity , M ich .
Ann A r b o r , M ich .
A tla n tic C ity , N.J.
A u gu sta, G a.— .C .
S
B a k e r s fie ld , C a lif.
Baton R o u g e, L a .
B a ttle C r e e k , M ich .
B eaum ont—P o r t A r th u r - O r a n g e , T e x .
B ilo x i— u lfp o r t and P a s c a g o u la , M is s .
G
B ir m in g h a m , A la .
B o is e C ity , Idaho
B r e m e r to n , W ash .
B r id g e p o r t , N o rw a lk and S ta m fo rd , Conn.
B ru n s w ic k , Ga.
B u rlin g to n , V t.—N .Y .
C ape C od, M a s s .
C e d a r R a p id s , Io w a
C ham paign—U rban a, 111.
C h a r le s to n , S.C .
C h a rlo tte — a s to n ia , N .C .
G
C h eyen n e, W yo.
C la r k s v ille , T en n . and H o p k in s v ille , Ky.
C o lo r a d o S p rin g s , C o lo .
C o l u m b i a , S .C .

C olu m b u s, G a.—A la .
C o lu m b u s , M is s .

C ra n e , Ind.
D e c a tu r, 111.
Des M o in e s , Io w a
Dothan, A la .
Duluth— u p e r io r , M inn.—W is .
S
E l P aso, Tex.
E u gene— p r in g fie ld , O re g .
S
F a y e t t e v ille , N .C .
F itc h b u rg —L e o m in s t e r , M a s s .
F o r t S m ith , A r k .—O kla.
F r e d e ric k —H a g e rs to w n , M d .—C h a m b e rs b u rg ,
P a .—M a r tin s b u r g , W . V a .
G adsden—A n n iston , A la .
G o ld s b o r o , N .C .
G ra n d Islan d —H a s tin g s , N e b r.
G r e a t F a lls , M ont.
Guam
H a r r is b u r g —L eb a n o n , P a .
Huntington—A sh la n d , W . V a .—K y .—O hio
K n o x v ille , T enn.
L a red o , Tex.
L a s V e g a s , N ev.
L it t le R ock—N o rth L it t le R o c k , A rk .
R e p o rts fo r the fo llo w in g

L im a , O hio
L o g an sp ort—P e r u , Ind.
L o r a in —E ly r ia , O hio
L o w e r E a s te rn S h o re , M d.—V a .—D el.
L y n c h b u rg , V a .
M a co n , Ga.
M a d is o n , W is .
M a n s fie ld , O hio
M a rq u e tte , E sca n a b a , Sault Ste. M a r ie , M ich .
M e A lle n —P h a ri^ -E d in b u rg and B r o w n s v ille —
H a rlin g e n —
San B e n ito , T e x .
M e d fo r d — la m a th F a lls —G ra n ts P a s s , O re g .
K
M e r i di an, M i s s .
M id d le s e x , M onm ou th, and O cean C o s ., N .J.
M o b ile , A la . and P e n s a c o la , F la .
M o n tg o m e ry , A la .
N a s h v ille —D a vid so n , Ten n .
N ew B e rn — a c k s o n v ille , N .C .
J
N o rth D akota
N o rw ic h — roton —N ew Lon d on , Conn.
G
O rla n d o , F la .
O xn ard — im i V a lle y —V e n tu ra , C a lif.
S
P a n a m a C ity , F la .
P e o r ia , 111.
P h o e n ix , A r i z .
P in e B lu ff, A rk .
P o rts m o u th , N .H .— e .— a s s .
M
M
P u e b lo , C o lo .
P u e r to R ic o
R en o, N ev.
R ich lan d —K en n ew ick — a lla W a lla —
W
P e n d le to n , W ash .—O re g .
R iv e r s id e —
San B e r n a r d in o — n ta rio , C a lif.
O
S a lin a , K ans.
Sandusky, O hio
Santa B arbarar-S an ta M a r ie —
L o m p o c , C a lif.
Savannah, Ga.
S e lm a , A la .
S h erm an —D en ison , T e x .
S h r e v e p o r t, L a .
S ioux F a lls , S. Dak.
Spokane, W ash .
S p r in g fie ld , 111.
S p r in g fie ld — h ic o p e e —H o ly o k e , M a s s .—Conn.
C
S tock ton , C a lif.
T a c o m a , W ash .
Tam pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F la .
T o p e k a , K ans.
Tu cson, A r iz .
V a lle jo — a ir f ie ld —N apa, C a lif.
F
W a c o and K ille e n —T e m p le , T e x .
W a te r lo o — e d a r F a lls , Io w a
C
W e s t T e x a s P la in s

s u r v e y s con du cted in the p r io r y e a r but s in ce discon tin u ed a re a ls o a v a ila b le :
G ra n d F o r k s , N. Dak.
S a c ra m e n to , C a l i f *
San A n g e lo , T e x * *
W ilm in g to n , D e l.—N .J .—M d .*

A b ile n e , T e x . * *
B illin g s , M o n t.*
C o rp u s C h r is t i, T e x *
F r e s n o , C a lif . *
*
**

C o p ie s o f pu b lic r e le a s e s a r e o r w i l l be a v a ila b le at no c o s t w h ile su p p lies la s t f r o m any o f

E xpan ded t o an a r e a w a g e s u r v e y in f is c a l y e a r
In clu d ed in W e s t T e x a s P la in s .

1975.

See in s id e b a ck c o v e r .

T h e fo u rteen th annual r e p o r t on s a la r ie s fo r accou n tan ts, a u d ito rs , c h ie f accountants, a tto rn e y s , jo b a n a ly s ts , d ir e c t o r s o f p e rs o n n e l, b u y e r s , c h e m is ts , e n g in e e r s , e n g in e e r in g te c h n ic ia n s , d ra fts m e n , and
c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s is a v a ila b le . O r d e r as B L S B u lle tin 1804, N a tio n a l S u rvey o f P r o fe s s io n a l, A d m in is tr a tiv e , T e c h n ic a l, and C le r ic a l P a y , M a rc h 1973, $ 1.05 a co p y , f r o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l s a le s
o ffic e s shown on the back c o v e r , o r fr o m the S u perin ten den t o f D ocu m en ts, U .S. G o v e rn m e n t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ash in gton , D .C . 20402.




Area Wage Surveys
A l is t o f the la te s t a v a ila b le b u lle tin s o r b u lle tin su p p lem en ts is p re s e n te d b e lo w .
A d ir e c t o r y o f a r e a w a g e stu d ies in clu d in g m o r e lim it e d stu d ies con du cted at the re q u e s t o f the E m p lo ym en t
Standards A d m in is tr a tio n o f the D ep a rtm e n t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t.
B u lle tin s m a y be p u rch ased f r o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l o ffic e s shown on the b a ck c o v e r .
B u lle tin su pplem ents m a y be
obtained w ithou t c o s t, w h e re in d ic a te d , f r o m B L S r e g io n a l o ffic e s .

A rea

B u lle tin num ber
and p r i c e *

A k ro n , O h io , D e c . 1973 1______________________________________________________________________ 1795-10,
A lb a n y— ch en ecta d y—T r o y , N. Y . , M a r . 1974______________________ ______________________ Suppl.
S
A lb u q u erq u e, N . M e x . , M a r . 1974 2 _________________________________________________________ Suppl.
A lle n to w n —B e th le h e m —E a s to n , P a .—N .J ., M a y 1974 2_______________________________________Suppl.
A n a h eim —
Santa Ana—G a rd en G r o v e , C a lif. 1 3______________________________________________
A tla n ta , G a ., M a y 1974________________________________________________________________________Suppl.
A u stin , T e x . , D e c . 1973_______________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
B a ltim o r e , M d . , A u g . 1973___________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
Beaum ont—P o r t A rth u r—O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1974 2_________________________________________ Suppl.
B illin g s , M on t. 1 3 ______________________________________________________________________________
B in gh am ton , N .Y .—P a ., J u ly 1974 ___________________________________________________________ Suppl.
B irm in g h a m , A la . , M a r . 1974 2 ___________________________________________ ____ _____________ Suppl.
B o is e C ity , Idaho, N o v . 1973 2____________________________________________________________ ___ Suppl.
B oston , M a s s ., A u g . 1973 _____________ ________________ _____ ________________________________ Suppl.
B u ffa lo , N . Y . , O c t. 1973 ................................................................................................................. Suppl.
B u rlin g to n , V t . , D e c . 1973 2__________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
Canton, O h io, M a y 1974 1 _____________________________________________________________________ 1795-23,
C h a rle s to n , W . V a . , M a r . 1974 2___________ _________________________________________________ Suppl.
C h a r lo tte , N .C ., Jan. 1974 2__________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
C h a tta n ooga , T e n n — G a ., Sept. 1973 ________________________________________________________ Suppl.
C h ic a g o , 111., M a y 1 9 7 4 1______________________________________________________________________ 1795-27,
C in cin n a tti, O hio—K y —In d ., F e b . 1974 1_____________________________ ________________________ 1795-16,
C le v e la n d , O h io , Sept. 1973---------------------- ----------- -------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
C olu m b u s, O h io , O ct. 1973___________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
C orpus C h r is t i, T e x . 1 3 _______________________________________________________________________
D a lla s , T e x ., O c t. 1973 2........... ..................................................................................................... Suppl.
D a lla s —F o r t W o rth , T e x . 3 ------------------- --------- ---------------------------------------------------------D aven p ort— o c k Islan d—M o lin e , Iow a—111., F e b . 1974 1 -------------------------------------------- 1795-14,
R
D ayton, O h io, D e c . 1973 ______________________________________________________________________
Daytona B ea ch , F la . , A u g . 1974 1___________________________________________________________ 1850-1,
D e n v e r , C o lo ., D e c . 1973 ___________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
D en ver—B o u ld e r , C o lo . 1 3------------ ----- ---------------------------------------------------------------------D es M o in e s , Io w a , M a y 1974 2----------------------------------------------------------------------------------Suppl.
D e tr o it, M ic h ., M a r . 1 9 7 4 ......................... .................................................................. ................. Suppl.
D u rham , N .C ., D ec. 1973 2 ___________________________________________________________________ 1795-9,
H
F o r t L a u d e rd a le — o lly w o o d and W e s t P a lm B ea ch , F la .,
A p r . 1974 _______________________________________________________________________________________Suppl.
F o r t W o rth , T e x . , O c t. 1973 2 ___________________________________________________________ -— Suppl.
F r e s n o , C a lif. 1 3 _______________________________________________________________________________
G a in e s v ille , F la . 1 3____________________________________________________________________________
G re e n B a y, W is ., July 1974_____________________________________ _____________________________ Suppl.
G r e e n s b o r o — in s to n -S a le m — ig h P o in t, N . C. , A u g . 1974 1------------------------------------ 1850-2,
W
H
G r e e n v ille , S .C ., M a y 1974 ------------------------------------ -------------------------------------------------Suppl.
H a r tfo r d , Conn. 1 3 _____________________________________________________________________________
H ou ston, T e x ., A p r . 1 9 7 4 * ___________________________________________________________________ 1795-22,
H u n ts v ille , A la . , F e b . 1974
_______________________________________________________________ 1795-13,
In d ia n a p o lis , In d ., O ct. 1973 ________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
J a ck son , M is s ., Jan. 1974 1 _________ -_______________________________________________________ 1795-12,
J a c k s o n v ille , F la . , D e c . 1973 1 _____________________________________________________________ 1795-8,
K an sas C ity , M o .- K a n s ., Sept. 1973 1 ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 1795-4,
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h ill, M a s s .—N .H ., June 1974 2 ---------------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
H
L e x in g to n , K y ., N o v . 1973____________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
L it t le R o c k - N o r th L it t le R o c k , A r k ., Ju ly 1973 2 .................................................................. Suppl.
L o s A n g e le s —L o n g B e a c h , C a lif. 3 ___________________________________________________________
L o s A n g e le s —L o n g B each and A n a h eim -S a n ta Ana—G ard en
G r o v e , C a lif., O ct. 1973 2___________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
L o u is v ille , K y .— d ., N o v . 1973------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
In
Lu b b o ck , T e x . , M a r . 1974 2 __________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
M a n c h e s te r , N .H ., Ju ly 1973 2--------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
*
1
2
3

Prices are determined by die Government Printing O ffice and are subject to change.
Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
No longer surveyed.
T o be surveyed.




65 cen ts
F ree
F ree
F ree
F ree
F ree
F ree
F ree
F ree
F ree
F ree
F ree
F ree
F ree
80 cen ts
F ree
F ree
F ree
$1. 10
75 cen ts
F ree
F ree
F ree
65 cen ts
75 cents
F ree
F ree
F ree
65 cen ts
F ree
F ree

F ree
80 cen ts
F ree
85 cen ts
65 cen ts
F ree
65 cen ts
65 cen ts
80 cen ts
F ree
F ree
F ree

F ree
F ree
F ree
F ree

A rea

B u lletin nu m ber
and p r ic e *

M e lb o u rn e — it u s v ille —C o c o a , F l a . , A u g . 1 9 7 3 * ________________________________ ___ ______ 1795-2, 55 cen ts
T
M e m p h is , T e n n .- A r k ., N o v . 1973 1______________________________________________________ __ 1795-11, 65 cents
M ia m i, F la ., N o v . 1973 ________________________________________________________________ _____ Suppl.
F ree
M id la n d and O d e s s a , T e x . , Jan. 1974 2___________________________________________ ____ ____ Suppl.
F ree
M ilw a u k e e , W is ., M a y 1974________________________________________________ —
__________Suppl.
F ree
M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l, M in n ., Jan. 1974 ___________________________________________________Suppl.
F ree
F ree
M u s k e g o n -M u s k e g o n H e ig h ts , M ic h ., June 1974 2_________________________________________ Suppl.
N a ssa u — u ffo lk , N . Y . 1 3 _____________________________ ______________________ _____ _____ ____ _
S
_
N e w a rk , N .J . 1 3________________________________________________________________________________
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C ity , N .J ., Jan. 19742________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
N e w H a v e n , C on n ., Jan. 1974 2 ______________________________________________________________Suppl.
F ree
N e w O r le a n s , L a ., Jan. 1974 * ______________________________________________________________ 1795-15, 70 cents
N e w Y o r k , N .Y .- N .J . 1 3 ______________________________________________________________________
F ree
N e w Y o r k and N a ssa u — u ffo lk , N .Y ., A p r . 1974 2 _________________________________________ Suppl.
S
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B ea ch — o rts m o u th , V a.—N .C . 3________________________________________
P
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B ea ch — o rts m o u th and N e w p o r t N ew s—
P
H am pton , V a ., Jan. 1974_______________________________________________________ ___________ Suppl.
F ree
N o rth e a s t P en n s y lv a n ia 1 3 ___________________________________________________________________
O klahom a C ity , O k la ., Ju ly 1973 ___________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
F ree
O m aha, N e b r .—Io w a , S ept. 1973__________________________________________ __________________ Suppl.
P a te r s o n —C lifto n —P a s s a ic , N .J ., June 1974 ______________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a —N .J ., N o v . 1973 * ________________________________ ________________________ 1795-19, 85 cents
F ree
P h o e n ix , A r i z . , June 1974 2 _________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
P itts b u rg h , P a ., Jan. 1974 __________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
P o rtla n d , M a in e , N o v . 1973 1 _______________________________________________________________ 1795-6, 65 cents
P o r tla n d , O r e g —W a sh ., M a y 1974 1________________________________________________________ 1795-26, 85 cents
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N .Y . 1 3 _______________________________________________________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie —K in gston —N ew b u rgh , N . Y . , June 1974________ ____________________________ Suppl.
F ree
P r o v id e n c e - W a r w ic k — a w tu c k e t, R .I.— a s s ., M a y 1974 1_____________________________ 1795-24, 80 cents
P
M
R a le ig h , N .C ., D ec. 1973 1 2------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1795-7, 65 cents
R a le ig h -D u r h a m , N .C . 3 ______________________________________________________________________
R ich m o n d , V a ., M a r . 1974 1_________________________________________________________________ 1795-25, 80 cents
R iv e r s id e —
San B e rn a rd in o — n ta rio , C a lif., D e c . 1973 2________________________________ Suppl.
O
F ree
R o c k fo r d , 111., June 1974 2____________________________________________________________________Suppl.
F ree
S t. L o u is , M o .—111., M a r . 1974 ___________________________ __________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
S a c ra m e n to , C a lif. 1 3 ____________________________________ _____________________ ______________
S agin aw , M ic h . 1 3 ________________________________________________________________ ______ ______
S a lt L a k e C ity , U tah, N o v . 1973 ____________________________________________________________Suppl.
F ree
San A n to n io , T e x . , M a y 1974 1_____________ __________________________________________________ 1795-21, 65 cen ts
San D ie g o , C a lif., N o v . 1973________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
San F r a n c is c o — aklan d, C a lif., M a r . 1974 ____________________________ . __ __ ____________ Suppl.
O
F ree
San J o s e , C a lif., M a r . 1974______________________________________________________ _____ _____ Suppl.
F ree
Savannah, G a ., M a y 1974 2____________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
S cra n ton , P a ., July 1973 * 2 ____ _____________________________________________________________ 1795-3, 55 cents
S ea ttle—E v e r e t t , W a sh ., Jan. 1974 _______________________________________________ ______ ___ 1795-17, 65 cents
S iou x F a lls , S. D ak ., D e c . 1973 2 _____________________________________________ ______ . . . . .S u p p l.
F ree
South B end, In d ., M a r . 1974 1________ _________________ ______________________________. . . . __ _ 1795-18, 65 cents
Spokane, W a s h ., June 1 9 7 4 2________________________________________________________ ________ Suppl.
F ree
S y ra c u s e , N . Y . 1 3 _____________________________________________________________________________
Tam pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g . 1973 2 _________________________________________________Suppl.
F ree
T o le d o , O hio— ic h ., A p r . 1974 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------Suppl.
M
F ree
T re n to n , N .J ., Sept. 1974.____________________________________________ ___________ _______ ___ Suppl.
F ree
W ash in gton , D .C .—M d —V a ., M a r . 1974 ___________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
W a te rb u ry , C on n ., M a r . 1974 2_____________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
W a te r lo o , Io w a , N o v . 1973 1 2_______________________________________________________________ 1795-5, 60 cen ts
W ic h ita , K a n s ., A p r . 1 9 7 4 * ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1795-20, 65 cen ts
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., M a y 1974___________________________________________ ____________ . . . ___Suppl.
F ree
Y o r k , P a ., F e b . 1974 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
Y ou n gstow n — a r r e n , O h io, N o v . 1973 2___________________________________________________ Suppl.
W
F ree

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

BUREAU OF LABOR S TA TIS TIC S
W A S H IN G TO N , D.C. 20212

LAB 441

O F F IC IA L B USINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVA TE USE $300

US. MAIL

THIRD CLASS MAIL

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S R E G IO N A L O FFIC E S
Region I
1603 JFK Federal Building
Governm ent Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
C onnecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Verm ont

Region II
Suite 3400
1515 Broadway
New York, N.Y. 10036
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

Region V
8th Floor, 300 South W acker Drive
Chicago, III. 60606
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)
Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
Wisconsin

Region VI
1100 Com m erce St. Rm. 6B7
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
Arkansas
Louisiana
New M exico
Oklahom a
Texas




New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Region III
P.O. Box 13309
Philadelphia. Pa. 19101
Phone: 597-1154 (Area Code 215)
Delaware
District of Colum bia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)
Alabam a
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Regions V II and V III
Federal Office Building
911 W alnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)
V II
V III
Iowa
Colorado
Kansas
Montana
Missouri
North Dakota
Nebraska
South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming

Regions IX and X
450 G olden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)
IX
X
Arizona
Alaska
C alifornia
Idaho
Haw aii
Oregon
Nevada
Washington


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102