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•

AREA WAGE SURVEY
S e a ttle —Everett, W ashington, M etro p o litan A rea,
January 1974
B u lle t in 1 7 9 5 - 1 7




document collection
OCT 2 71975
Dayton & Montgomery
Public Library

Co.

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Rurftaii of Labor Statistics




ANNOUNCEM ENT
Beginning with the 1795 series, Area Wage Surveys will be
issued as bulletins (for sale) only every third year. These bulletins
will contain information on establishment practices and supplementary
benefits as well as earnings.
In the interim years, supplements
containing data on earnings only will be issued free. Supplements
can be obtained from BLS Regional Offices listed on the back cover
of this publication.

Preface
This bulletin provides results of a January 1974 survey of occupational earnings
and supplementary wage benefits in the Seattle—
Everett, Washington, Standard Metropolitan
Statistical Area (King and Snohomish Counties). The survey was made as part of the Bureau
of Labor Statistics' annual area wage survey program. The program is designed to yield
data for individual metropolitan areas, as well as national and regional estimates for all
Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas in the United States, excluding Alaska and Hawaii.
A major consideration in the area wage survey program is the need to describe the
level and movement of wages in a variety of labor markets, through the analysis of (1) the
level and distribution of wages by occupation, and (2) the movement of wages by occupational
category and skill level.
The program develops information that may be used for many
purposes, including wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and assistance
in determining plant location. Survey results also are used by the U.S. Department of Labor
to make wage determinations under the Service Contract Act of 1965.
Currently, 94 areas are included in the program. (See list of areas on inside back
cover.)
In each area, occupational earnings data are collected annually.
Information on
establishment practices and supplementary wage benefits, collected every second year in the
past, is now obtained every third year. Results of the next two annual surveys, providing
earnings data only, will be issued as free supplements to this bulletin.
The supplements
may be obtained from the Bureau's regional offices.
(See back cover for addresses.)
Each year after all individual area wage surveys have been completed, two sum­
mary bulletins are issued.
The first brings together data for each metropolitan area
surveyed. The second summary bulletin presents national and regional estimates, projected
from individual metropolitan area data.
The Seattle—
Everett survey was conducted by the Bureau's regional office in San
Francisco, Calif., under the general direction of Milton Keenan, Associate Assistant Regional
Director for Operations. The survey could not have been accomplished without the cooperation
of the many firms whose wage and salary data provided the basis for the statistical infor­
mation in this bulletin. The Bureau wishes to express sincere appreciation for the cooperation
received.

Note:
Also available for the Seattler-Everett area are listings of union wage rates for seven
selected building trades.
Free copies of these are available from the Bureau's regional
offices. (See back cover for addresses.)

AREA WAGE SURVEY

Bulletin 1795-17

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, Peter J. Brennan, Secretary

July 1974

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S , J u liu s S h is k in , C o m m issio n e r

Seattle—Everett, Washington, Metropolitan Area, January 1974
CONTENTS
Page
2 Introduction
T ables:
3
5
6
7
8
10
11
12

A. Earnings:
Weekly earnings of office workers
A -l .
Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers
A -2.
Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex
A-3.
Hourly earnings of maintenance and powerplant workers
A -4.
Hourly earnings of custodial and material movement workers
A-5.
Average hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant, custodial, and material movement workers, by sex
A -6,
A -7.
Indexes of earnings for selected occupational groups and percents of change for selected periods
Percents of increase in average hourly earnings for selected occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts
A-8.

13
14
15
16
17
18
21

B. Estab Lishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:
B - 1.
Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks
Late-shift pay provisions for manufacturing plant workers
B-2.
Scheduled weekly hours and days of first-shift workers
B-3.
B-4.
Annual paid holidays
B-4a. Identification of major paid holidays
B-5.
Paid vacation provisions
Health, insurance, and pension plan provisions
B-6.

23 Appendix A. Scope and method of survey
26 Appendix B, Occupational descriptions




F o r m I« b y th e S u p e rin te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n ts , U .S. G o v e rn m e n t P r in tin flO ffic e . W a s h in g to n , D .C . 2 0 4 0 2 , G P O B o o k s to re s , o r
B L S R e g io n a l O ffic e s lis te d o n be ck cove r. P rice 6 5 cents. M a k e ch e cks p a y a b le to S u p e rin te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n ts .

1

Introduction
plant workers.
The first of these, table A -7 , measures changes in
average earnings of the four occupational groups over tim e.
Where
possible, data are presented for all industries and manufacturing.
Table A -8 presents another measure of wage movements. The percents
of change reported for the occupational groups are computed to eliminate
changes in average earnings caused by employment shifts among estab­
lishments as well as turnover of establishments included in survey
samples. Where possible, data also are presented for nonmanufacturing.
Appendix A discusses more fully differences between these tables.

This area is 1 of 94 in which the U.S. Department of Labor's
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings and
related benefits on an areawide basis. In this area, data were obtained
by personal visits of Bureau field economists to representative estab­
lishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transpor­
tation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail
trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major industry
groups excluded from these studies are government operations and the
construction and extractive industries. Establishments having fewer than
a prescribed number of workers are omitted because of insufficient
employment in the occupations studied. Separate tabulations are provided
for each of the broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

B - series tables
The B -se r ie s tables present information on minimum entrance
salaries for office w orkers; late-shift pay provisions and practices for
plant workers in manufacturing; and data separately for plant and office
workers on scheduled weekly hours and days of first-shift workers; paid
holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans.

A -s e r ie s tables
Tables A - 1 through A -6 provide estimates of straight-time
hourly or weekly earnings for workers in occupations common to a
variety of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupations
were selected from the following categories: (a) Office clerical, (b) pro­
fessional and technical, (c) maintenance and powerplant, and (d) custodial
and material movement. In the 22 largest survey areas, tables A -l a
through A -6 a provide similar data for establishments employing 500
workers or m ore.

A p p e n d ix e s

This bulletin has two appendixes. Appendix A describes the
methods and concepts used in the area wage survey program and provides
information on the scope of the area survey. It also provides infor­
mation on labor-management agreement coverage. Appendix B provides
job descriptions used by Bureau field economists to classify workers in
occupations for which straight-time earnings information is presented.

Following the occupational wage tables are two tables providing
indexes and percents of change in average earnings of office clerical
workers, industrial nurses, skilled maintenance workers, and unskilled




2

A. Earnings
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Seattle—Everett, Wash., January 1974
Weekly earnings
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

1
80

Median l

(standard

Middle ranged

t

*

%

Number
o
f

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
»
»
t
*
*
$
t
*
*
t
t
t
t
$
t
*
105
110
120
130
140
150
170
160
180
190
200
210 220 230 240 250

t

8

85

90

95

100

90

95

100

105

110,

120

130

14

1
1

1
1

54
49

12
b2

2

i
i

and
under
85

and
140

150

160

180

190

1

170

1
I

2C0

210

220

230

240

250 over

MEN AND WO ME N CO MB I N F O
BILLERS, MACHINE

(BILLING
3 *

$
$
$
$
128.50 118.00 1 1 5 . 5 0 119.00 110.00 1 1 5 . 5 0 -

126.50
126.50

1

BILLERS, RACE IKE (BCCKKEEPING
in* ' 124.CC !??•??
30*5 j 2 \ * 22 131.50

in

B C C K K E E P I N G - M A C M N E CPERATCRS,
>.rif *i

r •
,

T9

40*0

3

u

119*10

1,246

16
8
261
29

10**
13

2 0

i in nn

1,201

-n 105.00-129.50
'00
120 00
39.5 119.00 118.00 104.00-129.50

355

40.0 122.CO 121.00 111.CO -1 28 .00

1,434
N C N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

3

rt

,, ,pr „

A 111 n
)nx cn
33 0 109 5C 102 00

96
58

w
23

2
mn

460
*
403

39*0

90*00

00**0

26
20

140
37
103

23

53

J

98

15
96

87

J
2

^60
260

275
226

20
JJ
16

2

97.5 0- 13 0. 00
97 .0 0- 11 8. 50

L9

??
to

zz

OA
7
0J

*15
20 7
160

116
8
108
09

33
8
25

30

15
1

i

3

16
8

*a
in
A

3

o
24
16

24
21

*a
W
12

1
1

:
2

W

41

19

2

8

29

13

2

2

_
5

2
-

2

-

-

5

2
3
i
i

ii
?

14

14

3

ta
!*

5

5
19
49

2

3
0

nn
00

1

2
21
19

16

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .

3

19
19

43
43

19

3

2

39

30

99

99

98

5?
I?

12
9

24

2

to

15

i

147
1

58
2

30
1

92
5

i

52
i

Q
1A
A

39

0

in
42

ro

28

4

3
3

♦z

58

J”

3

25
25

a

19
18

18
15

T7
7T

1
3

40

7

40
(

31

Q
1
1

g
2

i

'

o

9

i

2

-

i
i

5
5

9

2

45

2

16
10

U

2

3

15 28 25

24

}iS* cn
,5, 55
i n n t 1/ r\r\ .,5*,5
a5
xn n lAl'22
40.0 142.5C 142.00 132.50-154.00
39.5 111.00 104.50
39.0 108.CC 103.00

2

2

39.5

199
158

30

2

39.5 136.00 134.00 119.C O - 1 4 4 . 50
40.0
128.00-202.50

126
54

0

E3

33 0 160*00 1 4 ' #00

532




lr0
29
121

10

24

imn'nn
113.00-139.00
40 0 156 5C 154 00

^55

r vCL 1v Cl 1L i1 1t J

MESSENGERS (CFFICE BCYS ANC GIRLSIKC NkANUFACTLR ING — — —— —— —— — — — — — ——

89
3
84
96

21
10098

^ J?

5
109

.
93

144.CO 135.50 124.00-163.00
134.00 12 2. 50 -1 63 .0C
r L C L 1L Cl iL 1 1 1L j

20

n

213

C L E R K S « CRCER

19

99

16
16

?
2

13

__
1 14 , i 11 0
in ^ 1 1 1
3 .5 113.^0 122. cn
r ,, r

90

9

2

1
1

104

3
33 0 147*00 143 30
38.5 168.CC 167.00 159.00-169.50
40.0 144...0 14-..00

1

28
*27

1,088

33

12
80

1-2

8

I

22
22

2
2

8

1
I

3
5

8

-

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Seattle—Everett, Wash., January 1974— Continued
Weekly earnings
(standard)
Number

O c c u p a t io n a n d in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

1

N um ber of w ork ers

t

Average
weekly

*

t
80

Median

(standard)

*

Middle ranged

85

$
90

*
95

$
100

S
105

r e c e i v i n g s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f —

*

(
110

120

t
130

$
140

150

s
$
t
$
$
$
$
160
170
180
190
200
210
22C

230

85

90

95

100

105

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

5
1
4
3

13
7
6
3
2

97
27
70
3
2

275
69
206
3
6

262
82
180
2
12

438
160
278
19
14

296
144
152
18
28

289
150
139
19
17

372
242
130
23
35

284
2C2
82
27
10

2C1
154
47
9
5

110
77
33
23
3

62
40
22
11
4

19
12
7
3
-

8
7
1

29
11
18

41
12
29

43
34
9

54
49
5

74
67
7

38
36
2

9
8
1

23X1 - 240

240

250

-

an d
under

and

290 o v e r

HEN AND WOMEN C O HB IN EO—
C O NT IN UE D
39.5
AO • 0
39.5
39.5
AO.O

$
161.50
169.OC
154.CO
183.50
163.5C

$
160.00
172.00
1A7.5C
180.50
16 2.5C

$
$
141.00-180.50
150.00-187.50
133.00-170.00
158.00-205.00
149.00-177.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

-

-

12

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

*

17
15
2

2

-

10
7
3
3

22
3
19
1

94
44
50
6

50
28
22
1

62
16
A6
2

124
103
21
3

132
110
22
10

ICO
88
12
6

18
9
9
5

11
2
9
6

10
5
5

121
63
58
3
2

149
63
86
2

200
89
111
3
5

167
104
63
4
19

158
113
45
11
3

176
126
50
10
10

1C7
57
50
16
10

24
11
13
2

18
1
17
14
3

11
2
9
3
4

•
.
-

SE CRETARIES -------------------------MANUFAC T U R I N G -------------------N C N M A N O F A C T L R I N G ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------RETAIL TRACE -------------------

2,756
1,373
1,383
189
139

SECRETARIES. CLASS A ------------MA NU FACTURING -------------------NCNM AN UF AC TO RI NG -----------------

340
2 AO
100

AO.O 191.OC 195.00 175.00-207.00
AO.O 19A.0C 199.00 185.00-208.00
39.5 184.OC 177.50 164.00-199.50

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------N C NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------

643
A 13
230
51

AO.O 175.00 177.00 158.00-189.00
AO.O 177.5C 180.50 170.50-190.00
39.5 17C.CC 165.50 147.50-183.50
39.0 191.00 190.00 170.00-215.00

-

_

-

-

-

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------- -----------NCNMANUFAC T U R I N G ---------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES -------------RETAIL TRACE -------------------

1,159
6A7
512
70
62

AO.O
AO.O
AO.O
39.5
40.0

156.50
157.50
155.50
182.CO
169*00

156.00
159.50
149.50
184.50
167.50

14C.0C-173.00
1AA.00-173.00
135.50-172.50
164.00-202.00
157.00-184.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 -----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------N C NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------------P U e H C U T I L I T I E S --------------

6 IA
73
5A1
A5

39.0
AO.O
38.5
39.5

140.50
143.50
1 A O •50
151.00

139.00
139.50
139.00
154.50

126.50-152.00
124.00-160.50
126.50-151.50
144.50-168.00

ST EN CG RA PH ER S, GE NE RA L ------------N C N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S --------------

666
321
71

AO.O 1A2.00 140,00 124.50-155.00
39.5 137.50 13 0.CO 115.50-147.50
39.5 186.CC 20C.OO 155.00-211.50

ST EN CGRAPHERS, SENIOR -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRACE -------------------

AB5
71
A 1A
63

39.5
39.5
39.5
AO.O

SN IT CH EC AR O CPERATCRS, CLASS B --N C NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

*

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

“
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
7
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

”

-

*

-

134.50 122.50-149.50
144.00 132.50-157.50
133.50 121.50-148.00
137.00 133.00-140.00

-

-

160
1A6

39.5 127.50 125.50 10 5. 00 -1 38 .5C
39.5 125.00 124.00 104.50-131.00

SNITCH EC AR O CP ER AT CR -R EC EP TI CN I STS
M A N U FA CT UR IN G -------------------NC NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -------------RETAIL TRACE -------------------

A01
89
312
35
57

39.5
39.5
39.5
AO.O
40.0

TR AN SC RI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
GE NE RA L -----------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------- -------

lAO
13A

39.0 115.50 113.50 104.00-123.50
39.0 11 5.5C 112.50 104.00-124.00

TYPISTS, CL AS S A -------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------N C NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------

2A6
59
187

39.5 129.00 133.00 112.00-146.00
AO.O 127.00 132.50 110.00-138.00
39.5 13C.CC 134.00 112.50-148.50

TYPISTS, CLASS B -------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S -------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------

583
A7
536
86
66

39.5
40.0
39.0
38.5
40.0

111.50
109.00
111.50
14 2.5C
130.5C

121.50 101.50-132.50
124.50 10A.50-136.00
121.00 100.00-132.00
151.00 99 .0 0- 18 5. 00
103.00 99 .0 0- 11 3. 50

104.50
94 .-00=423.00
108.50 101.00-119.50
104.00 94.00- 12 3. 50
150.00 123.50-154.50
129.50 108.00-149.00

-

2
-

-

4

4
-

4
“
6
4
2
2

3

3
1
2
1
-

22
4
18
16
1

2

10
1
9

-

•

3

2

3
1
2
1

•
-

2

n
«6

2
9
1

1
1

-

*
-

-

-

-

*

-

1
1

2
2

*

.
-

*
*
-

*
•
-

•
-

•
-

-

•

-

5
1
4
3

5
5
3

77
15
62
*

140
6
134
*

91
16
75
1

127
12
115
10

71
5
66
13

AO
10
3C
6

31
1
30
8

2
1
1
1

23
6
17
-

•
•
-

2
2
-

16
8

3
3
“

36
36
“

34
25

56
51
6

47
38
1

141
49
2

128
39
8

80
12
1

62
1.
6

17
3
2

1
1
1

10
10
9

15
15
15

14
14
14

-

6
6
6

_

-

“

-

4
4
-

10
10

13
1
12

112
13
99
45

81
19
62
7

62
15
47
3

34
1
33
5

4
1
3

2
2
-

•
-

-

•
-

_

•

“

88
7
81
1

13
7
6

-

62
1
61
2

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

_
*

39
38

11
11

16
16

42
42

12
10

7

*

2
2

6
2

15
9

-

10
10

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

4
4

36

56
12
44

64
13
51

•

•
•

1

-

29
2
27
10

-

-

1

•

1

*

*

*

18

“

11

1

17
12
5
3
1

1

-

87
18
69
1
8

1

36

8
2
6

4
4

-

32
12
20

-

52
8
44
11
18

33

35

7
7

2
2

8
8

66
27
39

31
7
24

21

-

.

-

6
6
_

31

26
26

21
19

33

10

22

•

-

-

-

10

10

23
9
14

8
4
4

5
2
3

28
6
22

13

51
4
47

81
1
80

59
9

50

57
7
50

54
11
43

-

91
2
89
8

-

-

-

-

-

*

*

6

6

8

3

10

10

2
2

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




-

•

-

122.00
12A.00
121.CC
152.50
10 7.5C

_

-

-

136.50
1A A .50
135.00
13 8.5C

-

8
1
7
6
-

4

22
-

74
9
65
22
14

I

21

6

18

-

-

21
6
5

18

5
13

21
-

44
1
43
26
14

11
2
9

•

s

4

*

8

-

-

.

-

-

•

•

.
•

.
-

8
8

•
•

X

7

2
2

m

-

-

-

-

-

m

m

-

7

-

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

•
-

*

12
12
9

2
2

*

A
1

1

1

3

2
2
2

3
3

*

3

3
3

«

i

Table A -2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Seattle—Everett, Wash., January 1974
Weekly earnings *
(standard)

Occupation and industry division
urkeis

Avcru
weekly
hours*
(standard)

N um ber o f w o rk e rs
t

130
Mean ^

Median ^

Middle ranged

and

S

130

$

(

under

140

140
-

S

t

150

160

s

S

170

180

r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—

S

190

%

s

s

200

210

220

s

230

240

%

s

250

S

260

270

%

*

280

$

s

29C

300

*
310

320
and

-

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

2A0

250

4
4

8
8

8
8

26
25

30
28

8
8

23
18

3
3

12
12

22
22

4
4

47
3
44

47
3
44

40
16
24

26
17
9

19
2
17

10
7
3

5

5

6

2
3

3
2

6

5

4
3

7
5

7
7

5
5

10
10

17
17

22
22

2
2

•

-

9
9

6
6

*

9
8

28
28

18
14

6

*

17
16

19
11

7
7

2
2

1
1

39
35
2

16
16

2
1

260

270

280

290

300

310

320 o v e r

148
140

$
$
$
$
39.5 195.50 189.50 175.00-221.50
39.5 196.00 189.50 ’75.00-223.00

-

-

-

*

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B --MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------NCNMAN UF AC TU RI NG -------------

238
54
184

39.5 161.50 158.00 147.00-176.50
40.0 17 3 . 5C 176.00 162.00-186.00
39.5 157.5C 153.00 145.50-166.50.

18
1
17

-15

COMP UT ER OPERATORS, CLASS C --NCNM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------

127
121

39.5 166.50 165.00 126.50-206.50
39.5 16 7.5C 174.00 126.00-207.00

*42
41

6
6

CO MPUTER P R O G R A M M E R S ,
BUSINESS, CLASS A -------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG ------------

185
136

39.0 273.50 276.50 236.50-299.50
38.5 27 4 . OC 274.00 23 3.00-324.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS'^
~
BUSINESS, CLASS B -------------NC NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

141
125

39.0 22 9.CC 230.50 206.00-254.00
39.0 22 8.CC 230.00 205.50-250.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C -------------N C NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------

119
78

39.5 184.CC 173.00 156.00-215.00
39.0 171.00 162.50 151.00-187.50

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A -------------NC NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ----------

194
186
28

39.5 2 7 5 . 5C 257.50 24 0.50-293.00
39.5 27 6 . CC 257.50 240.00-293.00
38.5 37 2 . 5C 421.00 327.00-423.00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------

153
131

39.5 25 6.OC 233.50 207.50-268.50
39.0 25 5 . 5C 225.00 205.50-265.00

CO MPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C -------------NCNMANUF AC TU RI NG -------------

70
68

39.0 192.OC 18 3 . 5C 174.50-224.00
39.0 192.5C 184.00 173.0C-224.50

ORAFTSMEN, CLASS A --------------

814

22 8.CC 229.00 212.00-242.00

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

178.CC-199.00
178.00-194.50
178.00-203.00
191.00-204.50

o

CO MPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A --NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------

o

HEN AND WOMEN COMBINED

3

_
*

_

_

4
4

14
14

11
11

A

14
13

21
18

16
14

4

4

3

15
15

18
18

16
9

14
12

2
2

13
5

8
8

1
1

24
*

2
2

-

-

-

1
1

1A
14

12
12

20
20

*

*

“

*

_

_

-

-

-

“

_

*

*

_
“

*

*

_

_

A

12
12

A

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

3
2
1
1

20
8
12
4

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C --------------

503

40.0 149.OC 143.00 137.50-159.50

15

EL ECTRONICS TE CH NI CI AN S -------MA NU FACTURING ----------------

166
107

40.0 20 6 . OC 2C1.00 174.50-247.00
40.0 181.50 180.00 166.00-199.50

.

54

40.0 20 3.CC 206.50 194.50-209.00

*
**
***

(REGISTERED)

ere
ere
ere
ere

d is t r ib u t e d
d is t r ib u t e d
d is t r ib u t e d
d is t r ib u t e d

t

W ork ers
W orkers
W ork ers
W orkers

w
w
w
w

S ee

fo o tn o te s

as
as
as
as

fo llo w
fo llo w
fo llo w
fo llo w

s:
s:
s:
s:

17 at $ 1 1 0 t o $ 1 2 0 ; a n d 2 5 at $
2 0 at $ 3 2 0 t o $ 3 4 0 ; 10 at $ 3 4 0
8 at $ 3 2 0 t o $ 3 4 0 ; 6 at $ 3 8 0 t o
1 at $ 3 4 0 t o $ 3 6 0 ; 6 at $ 3 8 0 t o

-

14
14
-

95
86
9
-

_

-

•

33
9

2

18
2

13
13

6

1 **38
38
1

A
4

1
1

2
2

3
3

1
1

2
2

•

.

30
24

6

-

-

-

-

'

'

'

*

16
15

16
15
2

-

23
22

*

6

25
16

9

11

-

-

-

-

1 25
25

28

12
12

13
13

21
21

15
15

12
11

8
6

16
14

2
2

2
2

1
1

9
9

11

6

166

97

149

146

121

84

92
87
5
1

66
40
26
15

43
24
19
7

23
20
3
2

11
8
3

1

2

-

-

-

-

1

“

5
2
3
2

1

2
2

4

.

A

*

57
1

2
2

1

10
10

224

43

101

95

14

6

1

2

8
8

8
8

9
9

23
23

13
13

15
15

10
10

8
8

5

7

5

30

2

8

"

1

2

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

*

*

*

-

-

-

“

"

*

*

-

3

-

”

*

2

6
6

120 t o $ 130.
t o $ 3 6 0 ; a n d 8 at $ 3 6 0 t o $ 3 8 0 .
$ 4 0 0 ; a n d 16 at $ 4 0 0 a n d o v e r .
$ 4 0 0 ; a n d 18 at $ 4 0 0 a n d o v e r .

at e n d o f t a b le s .




-

*

-

*

_
-

“

-

*

•

361
277
84
35

INDUSTRIAL

187.00
185.50
195.00
194.00

-

*

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS 8 -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------N C NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ----------

NURSES,

189.5C
188.50
193.50
199.00

IS

-

5

-

*

4

1

*

Table A -3 . Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex
in S eattle—Everett, Wash., January 1974
Average

Average

S e x , o c c u p a tio n ,

a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

OFFICE O C CU PA TI ON S - MEN

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

o c c u p a t io n , a n d in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

Number
of

Average
Number

Weekly
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

S ex,

o c c u p a t io n ,

an d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

of

CLERKS, A C C C U K T I N G , CLASS B —

57

60.0 13 1.5C

MESSENGERS (OFFICE GIRLS) ---------N C NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

71
65

128
93

60.0 112.5C
39.5 106.CC

SECRETARIES --------------------------N C N M A N UF AC TL RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S --------------RETAIL TRACE --------------------

2,755
1,372
1,383
189
139

39.5
60.0
39.5
39.5
60.0

O

69

O

Weekly
hours1
standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

39.5
60.0
39.0
38.5
60.0

111.5C
1C9.CC
111.50
162.50
13C.5C

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S WO M E N — CO NTINUED

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S WO M E N — CO NTINUED

CLERKS, A C C C U K T I N G , CLASS A -

+

$
196.OC

S ex,

38.5 108.50
38.5 lll.CC

8ILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------------------N C NM AN UF AC TL RI NG ------------------

97
91

39.5 128.50
39.5 129.CC

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N C N M A N UF AC TL RI NG -----------------

360
260
100

60.0
60.0
39.5

TYPISTS, CLASS 8 --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------—
N C NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------16 1.5C
PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------169.00
RETAIL TRACE -------------------156.CC
183.5C
PR OF ESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
163.5C
OC CUPATIONS - MEN
191.CC
196.CC COMP UT ER OPERATORS, CLASS A -------N C NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------------------------186.CC

eiLLERS, MACHINE (BC CKKEEPING
MACHINE) -----------------------------N C NM AN UF AC TL RI NG -----------------

65
57

39.0 127.5C
38.5 126.00

96
79

60.0 136.00
60.0 129.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS 8 -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------- ---------N C N M A N UF AC TL RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES ---------------

663
613
230
51

60.0
60.0
39.5
39.0

175.00
177.50
17C.CC
191.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --- -----------------N C N M A N UF AC TL RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES --------------RETAIL TRACE --------------------

1,158
646
512
70
62

60.0

156.5C
6 C . 0 157.5C
60.0 155.50
39.5 182.00
60.0 169.CO

SECRETARIES, CLASS C — ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------- — — -— —
N C NM AN UF AC TL RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES ---------------

616
73
561
65

39.0 160.50
60.0 163.5C
38.5 16C.5C
39.5 15 1.CC

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------N C NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

666
321
71

60.0 162.OC
39.5 137.50
39.5 186.OC

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N C NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRACE --------------------

685
71
616
63

39.5
39.5
39.5
60.0

SW ITCHBCARC OPERATORS, CLASS B ---N C N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

160
166

39.5 127.50
39.5 125.OC

SWITCHBCARC O P E R A T OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N C N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES --------------RETAIL TRACE --------------------

601
89
312
35
57

39.5
39.5
39.5
60.0
60.0

TRANSCRI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
GE NE RA L ------------------------------N C N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

160
136

39.0 115.50
39.0 115.50

TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N C N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

266
59
187

39.5 129.00
60.0 127.00
39.5 130.00

CLASS

B

--------------------------------------

NC NM A N U F A C T L R I N G ----------------CLERKS, A C C C U N T ING, CLASS A -------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N C NM AN UF AC TL RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRACE --------------------

1,177
136
1,039
296

39.5
60.0
39.0
60.0

166.50
15 5.5C
165.50
16 6.5C

CLERKS, AC COUNTING, CLASS 8 -------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NC NM A N U F A C T L R I N G -----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S --------------RETAIL TRACE --------------------

1,377
196
1,183
325
356

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
60.0

119.50
122.CO
119.5C
125.CC
122.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A --------------NC NM A N U F A C T L R I N G -----------------

131
63

60.0 132.00
39.5 113.5C

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS 8 --------------NC NM A N U F A C T L R I N G ------------------

267
213

39.0 112.50
39.0 109.50

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------------NC NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

666
665

39.0
39.0

CLERKS, CROER ------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------NC NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

296
80
216

60.0 132.00
60.0 130.00
60.0 13 2.5C

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES ---------------

256
99
157
56

39.5
60.0
39.0
39.0

K E YP UN CH OP ER AT OR S, CLASS A -------NC NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S ---------------

566
532
58

39.5 136.00
39.5 136.00
60.0 163.50

KEYP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MA N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S --------------RE TA IL TRADE --------------------

569
111
638
125
56

39.5
60.0
39.0
39.0
60.0

S e e fo o t n o t e

9C.0C
90. OC

166.00
160.50
166.50
160.00

125.00
133.00
123.00
136.00
162.50

207
155

39.5 162.5C
39.5 159.CO

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C ---------------NCNM AN UF AC TL RI NG ------------------------------------

96
90

39.5 171.CC
39.5 172.50

COMP UT ER PROGRAMMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ------------------N C NM AN UF AC TL RI NG -----------------

158
109

39.0 273.CC
38.5 273.CO

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS e ------------------NCNM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

101
86

39.0 233.00
39.0 232.00

CO MPUTER PRCGRAMMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C ------------------N C NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

85
51

39.5 186.50
39.0 166.CC

CO MPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ------------------N C NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES ---------------

180
172
25

39.5 276.00
39.5 277.00
38.5 380.50

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
EUSINESS, CLASS 8 ------------------N C NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

130
1C9

39.5 262.50
39.0 263.00

772

60.0 228.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NCNM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

323
269
76
27

60.0 190.50
60.0 189.00
60.0 196.50
60.0 203.00

601

60.0 169.00

ELECTRONICS TE CHNICIANS ------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

166
107

60.0 206.00
60.0 181.50

56

203.00

PROFESSIONAL ANO TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN
NURSES,

at en d o f t a b l e s .




COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B ---------------NCNM AN UF AC TL RI NG ------------------------------------

CRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -------------------

122.CC
126.00
121.00
152.50
1C7.5C

39.5 197.50
39.5 197.50

CRAFTSMEN, CLASS A -------------------

136.5C
166.50
13 5.OC
13 8.5C

122
115

6

INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ---

o

B C C K K E EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,

--------------------------

O

OF FICE OC CU PA TI ON S - WOMEN

MANUFACTURING

>

ME SSENGERS (CFFICE 8 C V S ) -----N C N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ------------

583
67
536
86
66

Table A -4. Hourly earnings of maintenance and powerplant workers in S eattle—Everett, Wash., January 1974
Hourly earnings3

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f -

*
$
*
$
*
$
$
$
$
*
$
*
3.80 3.90 4.00 4.10 4. 20 4.30 4.40 4.50 4.60 4.70 4. 80 4.90 5 . 0 0

Number
of
Mean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6 .4 0

6 .6 0

6 .6 0

7 .0 0

3.90 4.00 4,10 4.20 4.30 4.40 4.50 4.60 4.70 *.80 4. 90 5.00 j 5 . 2 0

O c c u p a t io n a n d in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 . CO 6 . 2 0

6 .4 0

6 .6 0

6 .8 0

7 .0 0

over

14

27
27

60
59
1

and
under

MEN 4 NO WOMEN COMB IN ED
CARPENTERS, MA INTENANCE ------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NC NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

163
113
50

$
5.70
5.61
5.92

$
5.56
5.54
6.14

$
5.395.395.19-

$
6.10
5.59
6.19

ELECTRICIANS, MA IN TE NA NC E ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

390
351

5.96
5.79

5.75
5.74

5.38- 6.04
5.37- 5.95

-

-

-

ENGINEERS, ST ATICNARY --------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------N C NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

215
108
107

5.64
5.60
5.68

5.57
5.54
5.75

5.42- 6.02
5.38- 5.83
5.45- 6.04

-

-

*

FIREMEN, ST ATICNARY BOILER --- — --MA NU FA CT UR IN G — ---------- --------

95
89

4.59
4.60

4.36
4.35

4.17- 5.11
4.16- 5.13

•

-

•

-

-

-

HFLPERS, MAINTE NA NC E TRADES -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

171
146

4.54
4.52

4.69
4.67

4.60- 4.75
4.43- 4.74

8
8

M A C H I N I S T S , MA INTENANCE ------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G — -------------------

149
145

5.80
5.82

5.75
5.75

5.59- 6.02
5.64- 6.02

MECHANICS, AUTCMCTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ----------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N C NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

568
135
433
371

6.10
5.74
6.21
6.23

5.87
5.56
6.07
6.04

5.715.395.755.75-

MECHANICS, MAINTE NA NC E ------------ MA NUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

644
582
62

5.57
5.60
5.29

5.70
5.71
5.24

5.31- 5.79
5.33- 5.79
4.98- 5.39

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE --------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

74
65

5.74
5.66

5.57
5.56

5.52- 6.04
5.52- 6.01

TOOL ANC OIE MAKERS ----------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

244
244

6.00
6.00

5.89
5.89

-

-

-

•
-

•
-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

2
2

-

-

1
1

2
2

116
115

12
7

137
137

5
4
1

18
14
4

24
11
13

74
52
22

18

8
8

4
4

8
8

4
4

18
18

16
16

69
69

35
28
7

50
49

168

1
1

168
157

-

189
185
4

-

14

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

i
i

•

24
24

-

-

3

•

-

.

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

35
35

-

22
22

6

.

_

8

.

_

-

-

*

8

“

*

•

8
8

•

44
43

83
60

i

*

*

“

*

•

*

*

.

.

2
-

2
2

13
4

-

2
2

“

_

5.78- 6.24

6.74
6.07
6.92
6.93

.

3

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

6

-

-

2
2

-

6

-

-

2

-

-

-

~

1

_

1

-

4
4

i
-

i
i
ii
-

u

-

“

16
10
6

_
-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

_

“

-

-

9
9

7

20
9
11

257
237
20

5
4

5

fo o tn o te s

at en d

o f ta b le s .




-

5

-

37
37

18
-

50
23
27

7
1
6

2

59
59

4
4

11
10
1

45

17
17

•

-

-

-

45

-

-

-

.

-

3

-

.

*

2
-

-

-

-

*

-

-

2

-

5

-

-

-

~

*50
23

-

-

.

-

-

-

-

*

22
22

“

13
12
1

44

10

4

9

35
26

i

-

28
19
9

98
98

6
6

3

-

2

-

16
16

1
-

59
59

12
12

94
94

-

79
79

to $7. 60; 1 at $7.80 to $8; 9 at $8 to $8. 20; a n d 19 at $8 4 0 to $ 8. 60.
See

-

1
1

-

4
-

_

i
i
-

7

-

2
2

•

-

•

*

-

-

10
1C

8
8

61
4
57
25

36
16
20
17

*

128
-

128
128

-

-

-

5

-

-

-

4
1

-

-

-

-

*

5

-

2

-

1

“

-

-

_

_

_

Table A -5. Hourly earnings of custodial and material movement workers
in S eattle—Everett, Wash., January 1974
Hourly earning!2

N um ber of w ork ers

r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f-

o

1 --------1--------i ------- i --------i ------- i
------- i ---- $----i ----i
--------i ------- 1------- *--------i ------- T ------ i
--------1--------i --------1--------*--------$--------T
5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00 6.20 6.40 6.60
2 -*0 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.30 5.00

O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

T n ,4 e r
T
U d
Median ^

%

and

and

1

Middle range 2

2*40 u n d e r

______ 2.60 2.»0 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 JLs-80 6*00 < >.2 0 6.40 6.60 o v e r
ME N AND WOMEN C O MB IN ED
JANITORS. PCRTERSt AND CLEANERS --MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N C N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S --------------RETAIL TRAOE --------------------

2,156
573
1,583
7A
173

$
3.59
4.18
3.37
4.12
3.51

$
3.40
4.37
3.26
4.55
3.27

$
3.193.983.163.983.22-

$
3.96
4.44
3.64
4.69
3.48

17
i
16
*12
4

49
7
42
7

20
11
9
-

LABORERS, MATERIAL H A ND LI NG -------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N C N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S --------------RE TA IL TRADE --------------------

98A
207
777
A38
15A

5.37
4.67
5.56
6.31
4.85

6.17
4.60
6.24
6.3C
4.68

4.574.164.686.254.55-

6.32
4.95
6.38
6.42
4.80

-

•
•
“

CROER
FILLERS -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------NC NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

946
109
837

4.88
4.45
4.94

4.66
4.75
4.66

4.61- 4.99
4.51- 4.89
4.62- 5.96

•
-

PACKERS, S H IP PI NG -------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------NC NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------RE TA IL TRACE --------------------

365
96
269
69

4.48
4.28
4.55
4.48

4.65
4.33
4.66
4.63

4.374.104.624.17-

4.70
4.69
4.70
4.69

R E CE IV IN G CL ERKS --------------------NC NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------RETAIL TRACE --------------------

308
276
7A

4.68
4.64
5.00

4.78
4.77
4.97

SHIP PI NG CL ER KS ---------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------NC NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

178
55
123

4.62
4.71
4.58

SH IPPING AND RE CE IV IN G CLERKS ----M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

156
9A
62

TR UC KC RI VE RS
----------- ----------- MA NU FA CT UR IN G — ------------------N C NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S --------------RETAIL TRACE --------------------

110
108
2
2

275
245
30
21
9

35
5
30
20
10

8

1

-

-

1

-

-

4

-

8
4
4

1
1
-

-

-

1
1

-

-

4
4

-

A

62
49
13
10
“

15
15
15

2
2
2

67
59
8
8

8
8
8

41
30
11
11

138
50
88
73

26
6
20
14
6

1
1
1

•
-

12
12
“

-

16
16
-

68
16
52
-

286
286
286

174
174
138
26

A

*

8
8
“

*

59
1
58

5
5

48
12
36

487
24
463

56
50
6

2

-

10

1

14

188

17

1

_

2

*

1C

I

14

188

17

1

•
*

3
3
-

-

15
10
5
5

44
26
18
18

20
20
“

4
2
2
2

252
26
226
38

12
6
6
6

•
•

6
6

.
-

1
-

-

15
11

3
-

1
1
1

139
129
15

62
58
24

41
41
30

•
-

1
-

2
-

-

.
*

2
2
*

11
A
4

-

.
-

“

18
18
“

~

-

11
11

4
4
“

-

14
2
12

98
12
86

“

10
8
2

-

2
2

_

2
2

_
-

7
7

~

26
20
6

14
9
5

27
12
15

18
12
6

9

6

2

-

-

-

-

9

6

2

-

12

-

1
1

-

-

26
26

12

*

15
**15
*

1
1
-

54
54
54

4
2
2
1
1

51
28
23
20
3

17
2
15
-

20
9
11
-

43
23
20

278
162

16C
67

116

-

7

93

54
54

1
-

12
4

2

-

-

-

-

3

19

-

8
8

1

-

-

-

67
67

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

22
9
13
5

469
5
464
14

505
15
490
98

21
4
17
5

435
2
433
6

122
112
10
6

•
“

•
“

14
14
-

108
•
108
-

~

.
-

48
12
36

.
•

■

2
2
*

-

•
-

13
1
12
-

.
-

2
2
-

4.72- 4.88
4.72- 4.87
4.82- 5.05

-

-

24
24

-

4.83
4.83
4.83

4.29- 4.88
3.48- 5.38
4.67- 4.87

•
-

_
-

12
12

-

5.11
4.99
5.31

4.92
4.62
5.19

4.49- 5.37
4.39- 5.14
4.85- 5.73

3,165
535
2,630
1,774
237

6.34
6.10
6.38
6.47
6.12

6.52
6.05
6.53
6.54
6.49

6.335.846.386.425.92-

6.58
6.57
6.59
6.59
6.82

TR UC KC RI VE RS , LIGHT (UNCER
1-1/2 TCNSI -----------------------NC NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

124
60

4.84
4.47

4.66
4.63

TR UC KC RI VE RS , MECIUM (1-1/2 TC
ANC INCLUDING A TCNSI ----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N C NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------P u e n c U T I L I T I E S ---------------

1,492
95
1,397
1,269

6.42
5.99
6.45
6.45

TR UC KC RI VE RS , HEAVY (CVER A TCNS,
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------NC NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ------ ---------

1,257
142
1,115
481

6.43
6.34
6.44
6.55

*
**
t

A ll w o r k e r s w e re at $ 2 .2 0 to $ 2 .3 0 .
A ll w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 6 .8 0 to $ 7 .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is tr ib u te d as fo llo w s :

-

-

•

-

-

-

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

-

-

•

-

-

-

7
7
•
-

-

-

7
-

-

-

-

24
2
22
-

-

-

4.23- 5.15
4.09- 4.67

-

6.52
6.06
6.52
6.53

6.376.026. So­
ft.38-

6.56
6.09
6.56
6.56

-

-

-

-

-

-

•
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6.56
6.54
6.57
6.63

6.415.956.416.48-

6.65
6.59
6.65
6.66

524 at $ 6 .6 0

to

$ 6 .8 0 ;

69 a t

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3
-

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

24
22

-

1

2
1

-

-

•

.
-

-

-

-

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

•
-

-

-

-

-

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

$ 6 .8 0

to

$7;

and

6 at $ 7 .4 0

S e e fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le s .




-

8

to

$ 7 .6 0 .

-

-

-

8
4
A
-

-

-

19
16

“

1

-

-

-

•

-

13

-

-

-

-

13

11

42
23
19

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
1

140
24
116
-

4
2

93
93
A

392 1512 |599
118
111

392 1394
3 8 6 1029

488

333

95

69

24

6

-

386 1005
16
386
989
386
885
6
6
-

436
67
369
144

-

515
27
488
333

Table A -5. Hourly earnings of custodial and material movement workers
in Seattle—Everett, Wash., January 1974— Continued
Hourly earnings3

O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f —
$

Number
of

U nder
Mean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

*

t

2.40 2.60

s
2 .8 0

3 .0 0

t
1
t
t
»
t
$
t
$
$
t
$
t
<
*
*
*
3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 A . 40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00 6.20 6.40 6.60

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00 6.20 6.AO 6.60

*

t

an d

and

2.4C u n d e r
2.60 2 • 80

HEN AND NOHEN COMBINFD —
CONT IN UE D
TRUCKDRIVERS

-

CO NTINUED

TRUCKCRIVERS, HEAVY (CVER A TONS.
CTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) -------------------

$

$

$

134

6.56
o .o « c

6.63
0.00

6.56- 6.68

VO

TRCCKERS, PCWER ( FCRKL IFT ) --------------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------N CN PA NIIFAC T U R I N G -----------------

80C
603
197

5.0A
A . 80
5.80

A . 88
A . 85
6.27

A . 64- 5.1A
A.A9- 5.01
A . 87- 6.35

-

-

-

TRUCKERS. PCWER (OTHER THAN
FCRKLIFT) ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ----- ---------------

1A3
127

A . 91
A . 73

A . 82
A . 80

4.65- 4.87
A.6A- A.85

-

-

-

*

-

WAREHOUSEMEN --------------------------------------------------- -------MA NUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------NCNM A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------RETAIL TRACE ----------------------------------------------

A32
96
336
13A

A.A2
A . 69
A . 35
3.7A

A.6A
A . 89
A . 63
3.19

3.58A.CO3.483.14-

-

_

_

-

-

72

-

-

-

-

-

72

S ee fo o tn o te s

$
-

-

-

-

•

-

-

•

1

-

-

•

2

•

-

-

•

•

47

A.86
5.53
4.69
3.99

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

*

*

19
18
1

18
3
15
10

-

-

72

9

19
19
*

-

*

-

-

-

*

*

13
7
6

-

-

26
3
23
22

44
44

7
7
15
13
2

34
34
*

67
67

59
57
2

268
212
56

106
106
-

10
10
-

•
»
“

•
•
-

-

10
10

45
45

63
63

-

•

-

-

“

3

138

37
13
24

19
18
1

24

20
19
1

•

“

12
-

12
10

-

3
3

64
5^

1

at en d o f t a b le s .




-

-

138
5

-

24

15
15
-

5
5
-

120
•
120

19
15
4

21
12
9

-

•

•

•

“

2
2

16

-

20
8
12
12

8

•

•

•

•

-

—

8

•
-

1
1
-

Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant, custodial, and material movement
workers, by sex, in Seattle—Everett, Wash., January 1974
S e x , o c c u p a tio n ,

an d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of

Average
(m ean2 )
hourly
earnings3

MA I N T E N A N C F AND PO WE RP LA NT
O C CU PA TI ON S - MEN

S e x , o c c u p a tio n ,

c u s t o o i a l

a n d

a n d in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

m a t e r i a l

Average
(m ean 2 )
hourly
earnings3

113
so

5.70 J A M T C R S . PCRTERS. ANC CL EANERS
5.61
5.92

-------

Number
Sex,

NO NM N U F A C T t I R I N G * - - * * ———

1.A99

5.96
5.79

131

107

3 C
O
5.68

769
438
146

ov

TRUCKCRIVERS. M D M 1 1-1/2 T
E IU
O

R A CH IN IS TS * RA IN TE NA NC E
MECHANICS, AU TC PO TI VE
(NAINTENAKCE) * *

1A9

iDVtLUb i n u

^

1L n o 1

6.31
4.87

817

371

_ _

1,257
F fln L r SC 1 UK ftnb

4.93
4.99

481

796
308

6e 23

A 68

178
55

LLlppo

1A

ft

$

6.42
5.99
6 .45
6 .45

*A

K t t t 1 v 1no

568

2
3

TRuCKuRIVER5 ♦ H
EAVY (CVER 4 T0KSt

5 8C
5.82

145

_

3.58

i? ?

4.54
4e52

Average
( mean )
hourly
earnings

3.65 TRUCKD RI VE RS - C O NT IN UE D

1*397

1 5?
A . 60

171

of

$

1» 033

390
351

_ _

and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

workers

mhu

EL ECTRIC IAN « RAINTE NA NC E
S

o c c u p a t io n ,

C U ST OD IA L AND M A TE RI AL MOVEMENT
O C C U P A T I 0 N S - M E N — CONT IN UE D

m o v e m e n t

0 C CU PA TI 0N S- ME N
$

H A h t F A C T t R 1 KG • • • • • • • • • • • • • ■ • • • •
NUFA C T U R1NG

Number
of
workers

4.62
4.71
4.58

5^80

ft* O 1

5.57

P E C H A K I C S t HA INTENANCE

96
62

156
94
62

5*29

. . .

i * U?

5.31

65
TRUCKCRIVERS
TCCL

AKC

DIE

RAKERS

-

244
244

----------------------------------------------------------

3 f 165

6.34

6.00
6.00

CUSTODIAL

JANITORS,
1 34

ft

10O

Oft

6

67

*
S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .




10

AND

MATERIAL

PCRTERS,

ANC

MOVEMENT

CLEANERS

—

657

3.44

Table A-7. Indexes of earnings for selected occupational groups in Seattle—
Everett, Wash., January 1973 and January 1974, and
percents of change** for selected periods
A l l in d u s t r ie s
W e e k ly e a r n in g s
P e r io d

O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m e n and
w om en)

I n d u s t r ia l
n u rses
(m e n and
w om en)

M a n u fa c tu r in g

H o u r ly e a r n in g s
S k il le d
m a in te n a n c e
tra d e s
(m e n )

U n s k ille d
p la n t
w orkers
(m e n )

W e e k ly e a r n in g s
O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m e n an d
w om en)

H o u r ly e a r n in g s

I n d u s t r ia l
n u rses
(m e n and
w om en)

S k ille d
m a in t e n a n c e
tra d e s
(m e n )

U n s k ille d
p la n t
w ork ers
(m e n )

In d e x e s (N o v e m b e r 1 9 6 7 *1 0 0 )

_
J a n u a r y 1 9 7 3 . ___________________________________
J a n u a r y 1 9 7 4 . ___________ ____ _________________________

1 2 8 .7
1 3 4 .7

**
**

1 4 3 .9
1 5 4 .7

1 4 4 .8
1 5 7 .5

**
**

1 3 0 .1
1 3 5 .7

1 4 2 .3
1 5 1 .5

1 4 1 .9
1 4 9 .0

P e rce n ts o f ch a n g e*

A u g u s t I 9 6 0 ---------------------------------------A u g u s t 1 9 6 1 ------------- ------------- ----------A u g u s t 1 9 6 2 _________ ___________ __
S ep tem b er 1963:
c r e a s e ______________ __________________
o f in c r e a s e
-----------------

2 .6
3 .9
3 .5

* * * -1 .5
3 .6
3 .5

2 .4
2 .7
2 .5

4 .4
3 .5
5 .5

3 .9
3 .3
3 .5

* * * -1 .0
3 .5
3 .9

2 .9
2 .1
2 .3

3 .2
3 .2
3 .5

3 .4
3 .1

4 .3
4 .0

4 .6
4 .2

5 .4
5 .0

4 .0
3 .7

4 .2
3 .9

4 .7
4 .3

6 .0
5 .5

S e p t e m b e r 1 9 6 3 t o S e p t e m b e r 1 9 6 4 __________„_____
S e p te m b e r 1964 to O c to b e r 1965:
1 3 -m o n th in c r e a s e
____________________________
A n n u a l r a t e o f i n c r e a s e _______________________

2 .3

3 .7

3 .8

2 .9

2 .9

4 .1

4 .0

3 .7

3 .5
3 .2

2 .7
2 .5

3 .6
3 .3

4 ;4
4 .1

2 .7
2 .5

1 .7
1 .6

4 .0
3 .7

6 .6
6 .1

O c t o b e r 1 9 6 5 t o O c t o b e r 1 9 6 6 __________________ —
O c t o b e r 1966 t o N o v e m b e r 1967:
1 3 - m o n t h i n c r e a s e _________________________________
A n n u a l r a t e o f i n c r e a s e __________________

4 .7

* * * 1 0 .0

5 .7

4 .6

4 .3

* * * 8 .5

5 .7

5 .5

4 .2
3 .9

1 1 .4
1 0 .5

4 .3
4 .0

4 .5
4 .1

3 .2
3 .0

1 1 .4
1 0 .5

4 .3
4 .0

3 .4
3 .1

N o v e m b e r 1 9 6 7 t o N o v e m b e r 1 9 6 8 ________________
N o v e m b e r 1968 to J a n u a ry 1970:
1 4 - m o n t h i n c r e a s e _________________________________
_ _____ _
_ _____
A n n u al ra te o f in c r e a s e _

6 .8

5 .3

8 .4

4 .6

8 .6

4 .9

8 .6

6 .7

5 .3
4 .5

5 .4
4 .6

7 .3
6 .2

7 .2
6 .1

5 .4
4 .6

5 .7
4 .9

7 .1
6 .1

8 .3
7 .1

Jan u ary
Jan u ary
Jan u ary
J an u ary

3 .6
5 .4
4 .7
4 .7

5 .1
5 .8
**
**

6 .8
8 .4
6 .9
7 .5

1 1 .3
7 .9
7 .4
8 .8

2 .3
3 .2
7 .7
4 .3

**
**
**
**

6 .0
7 .6
7 .2
6 .5

8 .1
6 .1
7 .1
5 .0

A u g u st 1959 to
A u g u st I960 to
A u g u s t 1961 t o
A u g u s t 1962 t o
1 3 -m o n th i n
A n n u al ra te




1970
197 1
1972
1973

*
**
***

to
to
to
to

Jan u ary
J an u ary
J an u ary
Jan u ary

1 9 7 1 ______________ ________
1972.
__________________
1 9 7 3 . . __________________
1974. _
_ ____________ —

A ll c h a n g e s a r e i n c r e a s e s u n le s s o t h e r w is e in d ic a t e d .
D a ta d o n o t m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n c r i t e r i a .
T h i s c h a n g e l a r g e l y r e f l e c t s s h i f t s in e m p l o y m e n t b e t w e e n

h ig h -

and

lo w -w a g e

e s ta b lis h m e n ts

in

NOTE:
T h is m e a s u r e o f w a g e c h a n g e s w ill b e d is c o n t in u e d
b e g i n n i n g J u ly 1 9 7 4 .
It w i l l b e r e p l a c e d b y t h e m e a s u r e p r e s e n t e d
in t a b l e A - 8 .

1
1

a d d itio n t o

w age

ch an ges.




Table A-8. Percents of increase in average hourly earnings for
selected occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts,
in Seattle—Everett, Wash., for selected periods
J a n u a r y 1972
to
J a n u a r y 1973

*

7 .7
*

*

6 .8
6 .8

6 .4
8 .9

6 .4
*
*

9 .0

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) ----------------------------------I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) ----------------------------S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s ( m e n ) ------------------- ------------U n s k i l l e d p la n t w o r k e r s ( m e n ) __________________________

7 .0
6 .5

3 .5
*
*

M a n u fa c t u r in g :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) ----------------------------------I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) ------------- --------------S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s ( m e n ) ______________________
U n s k i l l e d p la n t w o r k e r s ( m e n ) ----------------------------------------

6 .6
*

7 .2
8 .3

A ll in d u s tr ie s :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) ______________________
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) __________________
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s ( m e n ) --------------------------------U n s k i l l e d p la n t w o r k e r s ( m e n ) . . — --------- —

J a n u a r y 1973
to
J a n u a ry 1974

4 .8
*

I n d u s tr y an d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p

5 .5

*

D a ta d o n o t m e e t p u b lic a t io n c r i t e r i a .

N O T E : T a b l e A - 8 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d
o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , a d ju s t e d t o e x c lu d e th e e f f e c t o f e m p lo y m e n t s h ift s . T h e n e w m e t h o d f o r
c o m p u t i n g w a g e t r e n d s is b a s e d o n c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
r e p o r t i n g t h e i n d e x j o b s in b o t h t h e c u r r e n t a n d p r e v i o u s y e a r ( m a t c h e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ) ,
h o l d i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t e m p l o y m e n t in th e j o b s c o n s t a n t .
T h e n e w w a g e t r e n d s a r e n o t l i n k e d t o th e c u r r e n t i n d e x e s b e c a u s e th e n e w w a g e t r e n d s
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in m a t c h e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t a v e r a g e s w h e r e a s th e c u r r e n t i n d e x e s m e a s u r e
c h a n g e s in a r e a a v e r a g e s .
O th e r c h a r a c t e r is t ic s o f th e n ew w a g e t r e n d s w h ic h d if f e r fr o m
t h e c u r r e n t o n e s i n c l u d e (1 ) e a r n i n g s d a t a o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s
a r e c o n v e r t e d t o an h o u r l y b a s i s , a n d (2 ) t r e n d e s t i m a t e s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g
e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
F o r a m o r e d e t a ile d d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e n e w m e th o d u s e d to c o m p u te a r e a w a g e s u r v e y
in d e x e s , s e e " I m p r o v in g A r e a W a g e S u r v e y I n d e x e s ," M o n th ly L a b o r R e v i e w , J a n u a r y 1 9 7 3 ,
p p. 5 2 -5 7 .

12

B. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions
T a b le B -1. M inim um e n tra n ce sa la rie s for in experienced typ ists and clerk s in S e a ttle —Everett, W a sh ., Ja n u a ry 19 7 4
I n e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts
M a n u fa ctu rin g
M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r y 4

O th er in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 5

B a s e d on sta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u r s 6 o f —

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
A ll
in d u str ie a

N on m a n u factu rin g

B a aed on atan d ard w e e k ly h o u r a 6 o f —
A ll
a ch ed u lea

A ll
s c h e d u le s

E s ta b lis h m e n t s s t u d ie d ,—-----. . . . . . . . ------------------------ ----- —

E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a vin g a s p e c i fie d m in im u m —--------—--------- —
$ 70. 00 and u n d er $ 72. 50 ------- - — - --------- ----------------$ 7 2 . 50 and u n d er $ 7 5 . 0 0 .------------------------------------ —— —— —
$ 7 5 . 00 and u n d er $ 7 7 . 50--------------------------------------------------- —
$ 7 7 . 50 and u n d er $ 8 0 . 00— ------------------------------------------—— $ 80. 00 and u n d er $ 82. 5 0 .----------------------------------------------- —
$ 8 2. 50 and u n d er $ 85. 00-----------------------------------------------------$ 85. 00 and u n d er $ 87. 50--------------- ------------------- ---------------$ 8 7 . 50 and und er $ 9 0 . 00----------------------- --------------------- —-----$ 9 0 . 00 and und er $ 9 2 . 50------------------------------------------- —. . . . . .
$ 9 2 . 5 0 and u n d er $ 9 5. 00___________________________________
$ 9 5 . 00 and u n d er $ 9 7 . 50— ---------- --------------------------------------$ 9 7 . 50 and und er $ 100. 0 0 -------------------- — --------------------------$ 1 0 0 .0 0 and u n d er $ 102. 50— ------------------------------------------------------ ---------$ 102. 50 and u n d er $ 105. 00----------------$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$

105. 00
110. 00
1 15. 00
120. 00
1 2 5 .0 0
130. 00
135. 00
1 4 0 .0 0
1 4 5 .0 0
150. 00
155. 00
160. 00

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

u n d er
u n d er
und er
u n d er
u n d er
u n d er
u n d er
u nd er
u n d er
u nd er
u n d er
u n d er

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$

1 1 0 .0 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------------115. 00--------120. 00-------------------------------------------------125. 00--------------------— ------------------------1 3 0 .0 0 -------------------------------------------------135. 00_______________________________
140. 00 .....................................................
1 4 5 .0 0 -------------------------------------------------1 5 0 .0 0 ------------------------------------------------1 5 5 .0 0 -------------------------------------------------160. 0 0 _________________________________
1 6 5 .0 0 --------------------------------------------------

E s ta b lis h m e n t s h a vin g no s p e c i f ie d m in i m u m ----------------- —
E s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ich did not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in th is c a t e g o r y ------------------------------------------------------------------------—

See

fo o tn o te s

40

A ll
sc h ed u lea

179

59

XXX

120

XXX

179

59

37

29

21

65

16

1
1
1
8
4
3
4
4
1
2
3
5

1
2
2
1
2
2
-

1
2
2
1
2
1
-

-

*

2
1
1
1
1
-

2
1
1
1
1
-

A ll
a ch ed u lea

40

XXX

120

XXX

15

49

39

1
1
6
2
3
3
2
1
3
5

1
1
4
1
1
3
2
3
5
3
4
3
4
i
i
i
i

40

8

8

_

_

.

_

_

5
2
3
2
4
1
2
1

1
2
1
-

1
2
1
-

4
3
2
3
1
2
1

3
1
2
1
1
2
1

_

_

_

.

4
3
2
2
2
1
1
1
1

1
1
1
1
-

3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1

2
3
1
1
1
1
1

4
7
3
6
2
2
1
1
1
1

*

-

4
5
3
5
1
1
1
1
1

22

10

XXX

12

XXX

46

16

XXX

30

XXX

120

41

XXX

79

XXX

68

27

XXX

41

XXX

-

-

„
1
1
1
1
-

at e n d o f t a b le s .




40

13

_

_




Table B-2. Late-shift pay provisions for manufacturing plant workers
in S eattle—Everett, Wash., January 1974
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t w o r k e r s —
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g p r o v i s i o n s 7
f o r la t e s h ift s

L a t e -s h ift p a y p r o v is io n

A c t u a ll y w o r k in g o n la t e s h ift s

S e c o n d s h ift

N o p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k o n la t e s h i f t

S e c o n d s h ift

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift

95.8

T o ta l _

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift

8 7 .1

1 9 .1

5 .2

0.5

_

.

2 .2

-------

93.6

8 7 .1

1 8 .6

5 .2

8 0 .0

P a y d i f f e r e n t ia l f o r w o r k on la t e s h ift ..

2 7 .0

1 7 .5

2.9

T y p e an d a m ou n t o f d iffe r e n t ia l:
U n ifo r m ce n ts (p e r h o u r ).
10 c e n t s ____
11 c e n t s . . ____ .
.
.
______
„
_.... ,
12 c e n t s ..................
1 2 V i P ^ n ts
.
-------13 c e n t s
_
_
15 c e n t s . .
_
. . . . .
16 c e n t s _
18 c e n t s ._ ._
._
_ ___
_
2 0 c e n t s ____________ _______ ____________....
2 0 V2 c e n t s _ .
__
..
._ . _
_
2 4 c e n t s _.
_ ______
25 c e n t s .
3 2 c e n t s __
3 5 c e n t s ____ _______________ _ . ________ .
3 6 c e n t s _— . ___________ . . . . ______________
,,
_
40 ce n ts

.

—

.

. F u l l d a y 's p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s ,
p lu s c e n t s d i f f e r e n t i a l ______________________
F u l l d a y 's p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o iy r s ,
p lu s p e r c e n t a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l .

fo o tn o te s

at e n d

1 .9
.2
.3
.6
.5
8 .9
.9
.9
.3
1 .2
-

_
.6
.5
.3
.4
-

.3

.2
_
6. 3
2 .9
4 .9
4 .2
2 .4
1 .7
1 .2
.4
2 .4
.3
1 .5

.1

-

1 .5

_

.1

-

.5
.5
-

(8 >
-

(’ )
-

.1

( ')

-

F u l l d a y 's p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s _.

' See

1 .8
-

1 .5

U n ifo r m p e r c e n ta g e —
10 p e r c e n t . .
15 p e r c e n t .

_
.

7 .2
.7
7 .5
.7
1 .7
4. 1
2 .4
3 7 .5
3 .9
2 .3
2 .1
8 .7
.
.8
-

1 .5

-

-

3 .1

3 .3

-

.1

2 .9

4 9 .3

.2

1 .9

6 .0

6 .0

.9

.3

o f t a b le s .

14

Table B-3. Scheduled w eekly hours and days of first-shift workers
in Seattle—Everett, Wash., January 1974
P e r c e n t o f o ffic e w o r k e r s

P e r c e n t o f p la n t w o r k e r s
W e e k ly h o u r s an d d a y s
A l l in d u s t r ie s

A l l w o r k e r s --------------------------------------------------------------

3 5 h o u r s ___5 d a y s _______________________________________
3 6 h o u r s _________________________________ ________ _______
_
4 d a y s ------- —
------- ----- --------- — ................—
—
5 d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------3 7 7 2 h o u r s — 5 d a y s ____ ____________________ _________
_
3 8 3 h o u r s — 5 d a y s -------------------.----------------------------------/4

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t ilitie s

R e t a il tr a d e

100

100

100

100

2

5
95

-

-

-

-

-

2
-

100

98

(’ )
-

C)
2
95

S e e fo o tn o te at en d o f t a b le s .




15

A l l in d u s t r ie s

100

(*>
1
i
6
12
81

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

100

100

1
-

1
.
30
-

99

69

R e t a il tr a d e

100

100

Table B -4. Annual paid holidays in Seattle—Everett, Wash., January 1974
P e r c e n t o f o ffic e w o rk e rs

P e r c e n t o f p la n t w o r k e r s
A ll in d u s t r ie s

A l l w o r k e r s —---------------------------------------- -— — ------—

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
p a id h o l i d a y s -------------------------------------------------------- ---------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
n o p a i d h o l i d a y s -------------------------------------------------------------

R e t a il tr a d e

A ll in d u s t r ie s

M a n u f a c t u r in g

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u tilitie s

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

100

100

10 0

10 0

10 0

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
-

5
1
-

-

-

-

-

R e t a il tr a d e

N u m b e r o f d a y s 10
1 h o l i d a y ------------------------------------------------------------------------------2 h o l i d a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------3 h o lid a y s —
__________________________________________
4 h o l i d a y s __________________________________ _____________
_
5 h o l i d a y s ___________________ ______________________________
6 h o l i d a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------7 h o l i d a y s —___ ___ ____________________________ _. . . . . . . . .
7 h o l i d a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y --------------------------------------------7 h o l i d a y s p lu s 5 h a l f d a y s -----------------------------------------8 h o l i d a y s _________________________ _______________________
8 h o l i d a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y --------------------------------------------8 h o l i d a y s p lu s 2 h a l f d a y s ---------------------------------------- 9 h o l i d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------------- — .
9 h o l i d a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y —-----------------------------------------9 h o l i d a y s p lu s 2 h a l f d a y s ----------------------------------------10 h o l i d a y s -------------------------------------------------------------------------10 h o l i d a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y ----------------------------------------11 h o l i d a y s ________________________________________________
12 h o l i d a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

1

-

(’ )
1
5
-

-

(’ )
12
-

(’ )
5
16
2
30
1
-

-

26
1
-

27
(’ )
7
1
18

9
2
36

8
18
-

-

-

8

56

-

-

67
19
1

12
-

1
1
1
21
21
88
88
96
96
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

.
-

*

(’. )
(’ )
8
(!)
(’ )
20
3
1
30
2
(’ )
6
4
(’ )
25

(’ )
4
-

5
1
18
1
5
1
65

11
-

14
-

66
2
8
-

(’ )
15

i
-

62
20
-

*

-

.
10
10
76
76
89
89
10 0
10 0
10 0
10 0
10 0
100
10 0

20
20
82
84
99
100
100
100
100
100
100

T o t a l h o l i d a y t i m e 11
1? d a y 6
5
11 d a y s o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------------------—
10 7z d a y s o r m o r e -------------------------------- —--------------------- 10 d a y s o r m o r e ------------------------------------------------------------ —
9 l days o r m ore
fz
--------------------------------------------------------9 d a y s o r m o r e ——------------------------------------------—------------ 8 l d a y s o r m o r e ——-----------------------—-------------------------- /z
8 d a y s o r m o r e ----------------------------------------------------------------7 7 2 d a y s o r m o r e ---------------——------ ------------------------------ 7 days o r m o re
_____________
6 d a y s o r m o r e ------------------------------------------------------------ —
5 d a y s o r m o r e ------------------------------------- ---------------------- —
4 days o r m ore
—
--------- — „
3 d a y s o r m o r e ------------------------------------------------------------ —
2 days or m ore
------- ---------------------------------------- —
1 day or m ore

S ee

fo o tn o te s




at en d

18
19
19
26
27
54
55
80
80
92
92
92
97
98
98
99

36
38
38
46
47
77
79
95
95
99
100
100
100
100
100
100

o f t a b le s .

16

-

12
12
67
67
86
86
86
94
94
95
100

25
25
29
35
37
69
72
92
92
99
99
100
100
100
100
100

65
65
65
70
71
89
91
96
96
99
10 0
10 0
10 0
10 0
10 0
10 0

.

Table B-4a. Identification of major paid holidays in Seattle—Everett, Wash., January 1974
P e r c e n t o f p la n t w o r k e r s

P e r c e n t o f o ffic e w o rk e rs

H o l i d a y 10
A ll in d u s t r ie s

A ll w o r k e r s —

.

fo o tn o te s




at e n d

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

R e t a il tr a d e

A ll in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u tilitie s

R e t a il tr a d e

100

N ew Y e a r 's D a y—
W a s h i n g t o n 's B i r t h d a y G o o d F r id a y .
G o o d F r id a y , h a lf d a y .
_
______
.
M e m o r ia l D a y .
F o u r t h o f J u ly .
. . .
L a b o r D ay
C o lu m b u s D a y V e t e r a n s D a y ___
T h a n k s g iv in g D a yD ay a ft e r T h a n k s g iv in g —
C h r is t m a s E v e .
C h r is t m a s E v e , h a lf day
C h r is t m a s D ay
- A ll w o r k in g d a y s b e tw e e n C h r is t m a s D ay
a n d N e w Y e a r ' s E v e 12 _
N ew Y e a r 's E v e
- _
_
F l o a t i n g h o l i d a y , 1 d a y 13
F l o a t i n g h o l i d a y , ? d a y s 13 _
----- . ^
E m p l o y e e 's b i r t h d a y —
______
E m p l o y e e 's a n n iv e r s a r y .

See

M a n u fa c tu r in g

100

100

100

100

100

100

10 0

92
63
6

100
44
6

100
100
20

86
82

100
24
2

100
100
14

10 0
97

87
93
94

100
66
3
7
99
99
100
3
23
100
61
41
5
100

-

-

-

-

93
97
97
3
7
98
51
42
1
99

100
100
100

100
100
100
26
34
100
55
17

18
20
10
3
15
4

-

4
100
87
72
3
100
36
39
12
8

-

-

3
95
-

7

-

-

100

100

-

-

5
42

14
12
21
15

o f ta b le s .

17

25
31
16
4
14
1

-

-

-

-

100
100
100

100
10 0
10 0
32
42
10 0
65
7
2
100

100
99
100

-

3
100
95
88
3
100
65
66
10

-

1
100
18
7
2
10 0

-

_

1

19
19
6
14

-

-

1

10

C)

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions in S eattle—Everett, Wash., January 1974
P e r c e n t o f o ffic e w o r k e r s

P e r c e n t o f p la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a tio n p o lic y
A ll in d u s t r ie s

A l l w o r k e r s -----------------------

-

------

------------------

P u b lic u tilitie s

R e t a il tr a d e

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
94
5

100
91
9

100
99
1

95
95
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

1

-

*

5

*

'

-

"

5
12
.

9
4
-

-

2
19
-

2
33
3

1
10
2

-

-

34
-

30
-

51
-

(* )

n

*

*

-

-

-

-

56
4
36
1
1
(* )

42
8
45
1
3

62
1
36
1
.

74
21
-

15
85
f>
-

7
93
-

70
28
2
-

43
57
-

C)

-

-

-

-

16
5
75
1
1

26
9
60
1
3

6
1
92
1
.

4
92
-

1
99

1
98
1

A l l in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u tilitie s

M a n u fa c tu r in g

R e t a il tr a d e

M e th o d o f p a y m en t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
p a i d v a c a t i o n s _________________________________________
L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t ---------------------------------------P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t ------------------------ - --------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
n o p a i d v a c a t i o n s _____________________________________
A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 14
A fte r 6 m on th s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k -----— —
- —
—
1 w e e k ---------------- ----------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------A fte r 1 v e a r o f s e r v ic e
1
O
2
O
3
4

w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------- —
w ppks
v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------w e e k s ______ ______ — --------------w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

“

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
.
, ,
- ...
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ------------------------ -----------------2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------- --------- ------ 3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

(* )

(* )

1
94
1
2

2
91
2
4

100

-

(!)
(’ )

2
96
2
-

-

97
2
2

100
-

-

*

99
1
-

95
-

<*)
98
(* )
2

98
2

-

-

(* )

-

_

-

95
1
2
1

95
-

(* )
98

-

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1
2
O
3
4

w e e k ____
- —
—
w e e k s . ______________ ___________
__________________
v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------w p p k s ____________________________________________________
w e e k s — ------------- ------- --------------------------- --------------------------

<»>

C)

1
91
4
3

1
85
8
5

-

A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1
2
O
3
O
4

w«>f>k_____________________________________________________
w e e k s __________________________________________________
v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ____________________________
week8
—„ ------------- , , --------------------------------- -------- ,
,
v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

(* )

-

(*>

C)

-

(’ )
73
5
18
1
1

73
10
14
1
2

65
1
33
1

o
2

-

-

(* )

98
2
-

-

94
4
2

100
-

"

“

“

-

78
3
18
2

77

A fte r 5 v e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1
2
O
3
O
4

w p p It
w e e k s ______ —____ _ ___________________________________
_
v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ____________________________
w e e k s _____________________________________ ____
v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ____________________________
w e e k . ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

.

*

S e e fo o tn o te s a t en d o f ta b le s .




18

_
76
20
-

“

(* )
81
1
18

S
I

(* )

92
1
6
1

'

23
“

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions in Seattle—Everett, Wash., January 1974— Continued
P e r c e n t o f o ffic e w o r k e r s

P e r c e n t o f p la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a t io n p o lic y
A l l in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u tilitie s

R e t a il tr a d e

A l l in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

R e t a il t r a d e

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 14— C o n t in u e d
A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1
2
O
3
O
4
O

w e e k ____________________________________________________
w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------ — — ---------v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------w e e k s _ _________________________________________________
_
v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------w eeks
... ...
r
____ ____
v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s --------------------------—---------- —

_

_

.

_

_

_

2
94
3

9
-

88
1

(* )
3
95
3

-

C)

-

88
1
2

10
90
-

-

C)

-

-

76
20
_

93
(’ )
4

.
2
92
1
5
.

9
86
4
2

7
89
4
-

(’ )

-

-

(* )
4
4
81
2
7

4
6
76
4
11

(* )

-

(’ )
1
3
77
1
14
1

2
6
74
3
13
2

(» )

(* )

-

_

_

-

2
67
7
20
2
1

1
55
43
1

58
37
-

2
22
43
18
12
2

i
2
65
30
1

34
60
1

P>
2
5
88
5

i
4
92
3

-

P)

-

.

_

_

2
-

1
2
24
55
1
17

34

P)
2
5
78
11

1
3
92
3
-

1
95
3
1

7
-

*

A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1
2
O
3
O
4
O
5

w e e k _____ ____________ _______ .
w e e k 8________ ___________________ _________— ___- _— _
v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------- ,—,-------- r ---------—n
w e e k s ---------------------------------—
v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s -----------------— ------------------ —
w e e k s _ _________________________________________________
_
v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s --------------------- —
---------w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

-

1
93
5
1

-

2
-

(? )
P)

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek
2 w e e k s --------------------- ---------— —------— — --------------— ------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------3 w e e k s ......................
O v e r 3 arid u n d e r 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------4 w e e k s — —--------------------------- ---------------------------- --------------O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ------------------------------------------w p p WR
_____ ____
_
O v e r 5 a n d u n d e r 6 w e e k s ------- — ------—---------------------

<*>
1

?)
64
4
27
i
i
(’ )

*

-

p>
2
65
P)
32
(!)
P)

-

-

-

1
80
1
17
i

9
63
26
2

7
48
45
-

-

-

A ft e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k -------------------- ----------- ----------------------------— --------------2 w eeks
T
—
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------- ---------------------------3 w e e k s __________________________ — ____ — - —— — —_
_
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ------------------- ----------- ---------4 w eeks
_
______ _
_
______
5 w e e k s ---------- ------------------------------------ . ---- ,—
O v e r 5 a n d u n d e r 6 w e e k s ——----- -----------------— - — —

(’ )
i
(’ )
28
22
35
11
1

_

_

.

-

9
3
76
10
2

7
13
76
4

A ft e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
x w e e k ____________________________________________________
2 w eeks
_- - _______________ - __- ___ ____
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------3 w e e k s -----------------—------------------- — — — -------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------4 w e e k s ------------------- — ------------------------------------------------------5 w e e k s —— — — — — — — — — — — —
O v e r 5 a n d u n d e r 6 w e e k s ---------------- —— —------. . . . . .
6 w eeks
_______ ___ ___
___
_
_
_
_
O ver 6 w eeks

(’ )
1
(»)
21
22
34
17
(’ )
3
1

8
43
31
13
-

1
2

See footnotes at end of tables.




19

-

60
1
-

P)
4

(’ )

-

-

9
3
27
54
2
6

7
13
70
11
-

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions in S eattle—Everett, Wash., January 1974— Continued
P e r c e n t o f o ffic e w o r k e r s

P e r c e n t o f p la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a tio n p o lic y
A l l in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t ilitie s

R e t a il tr a d e

A ll in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u tilitie s

R e t a il tr a d e

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n D a v 14— C o n t in u e d
A ft e r 30 v e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ___ ___ . . . . . .
Z w e e k s ------------------- - --------- ---------- —
O v e r 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s _
_
_____
3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s . .
.
____
4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------5 w e e k s ____________________________________________________
O v e r 5 an d u n d e r 6 w e e k s ..
— ------— —
6 w e e k s . . . . __________________ __________________________
_
O v e r 6 w e e k s ----------------------------------— -----------------------------

(* )
i

_
2
-

(* )
21
22
34
16

8
43
31
10

(* )
4
1

1
2
-

34

<•)
2
-

_
i
-

9
_

7
13
.
70
11
_
_
-

5
_

3
.

60
1
-

78
11

92
3
-

4

21
58
1
17

1

3
•
26
55
2
6

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

(9 )
2
-

1
-

9
-

7
_

3
-

3
_

13
_

92
3
i

26
54

70
11
-

-

-

(’ )
4

M a x im u m v a c a t io n a v a ila b le
1 w eek
2 w e e k g ......... . .
------------------ ----------------- . . . . . . . . .
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------3 w e e k s ---- -----. . .
- ------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ------------—------- ------------------4 w e e k s ..... ........
......................................
- —
5 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 5 and u n d er 6 w e e k s —
—
- - ------6 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 6 w eek .

<»>
1

_

4

2
8
43
31
10
4

1

_
.

2

<*>
21
22
34
IS
(* )

1
2
21
55
1
19

S ee fo o tn o te s at en d o f t a b le s .




20

34
.
60
1
-

5
78
11
(* )
4

_

2
7

Table B-6. Health, insurance, and pension plan provisions in Seattle—Everett, Wash., January 1974
P e rce n t o f o ffic e w o r k e r s

P e r c e n t o f p la n t w o r k e r s
T y p e o f b e n e fit and
f i n a n c i n g 15

A ll w o r k e r s

_____ ____

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g a t
l e a s t 1 o f th e b e n e f it s s h o w n b e lo w
L if e in s u r a n c e
.
______
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ______________________
A c c id e n t a l d ea th an d d is m e m b e r m e n t
i n s u r a n c e ________________________________________
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p la n s
_
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k l e a v e o r b o t h 16

A l l in d u s t r ie s

M a n u f a c t u r in g

100

100

P u b lic u t ilitie s

100

100

A l l in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa c tu r in g

100

100

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

R e t a il tr a d e

100

100

99

100

100

95

99

100

100

100

92
85

93
92

100
85

91
72

97
53

99
21

100
72

83
55

82
79

84
83

81
73

83
77

88
35

94
17

84
67

57
49

90

94

90

91

95

99

99

96

78
76

87
86

59
51

76
71

37
30

17
12

51
40

49
41

31

46

32

5

79

92

49

22

21

5

39

47

9

1

45

43

50
49
100
99
100
99
100
99
92
92
80
80
94
93

20
12
100
90
100
90
100
90
97
84
51
51
90
74

5
95
78
95
78
87
77
90
72
77
58
83
64

61
23
99
65
99
65
99
65
99
65
56
43
91
82

87
13
100
87
100
87
100
87
99
86
89
81
96
94

34
22
100
81
100
81
100
81
99
78
24
24
80
53

31
24
100
74
100
74
91
73
99
73
73
67
95
65

S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p la n s
S ic k le a v e ( fu ll p a y and n o
w a itin g p e r io d )
S ic k l e a v e ( p a r t ia l p a y o r
w a i t i n g p e r i o d ) _______________________________
L o n g - t e r m d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e _____________
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ______________________
H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e _____________________
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ______________________
S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e ______________________________
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p la n s
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ______________________
M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e _______________ __ .
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ______________________
D e n ta l in s u r a n c e
_______
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p la n s
R e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p la n s

33
30
98
91
98
91
96
91
91
84
70
65
90
82

S e e fo o tn o te s a t en d o f ta b le s .




R e t a il tr a d e

21

Footnotes

A ll of th e se

s ta n d a r d f o o t n o t e s

m a y n o t a p p ly t o th is b u lle t in .

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e
at r e g u la r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , an d th e e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d t o t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2
T h e m e a n is c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h jo b b y t o t a lin g th e e a r n in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s a n d d iv id in g b y th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n
d e s ig n a t e s p o s it io n — h a lf o f th e e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e a n d h a lf r e c e i v e l e s s th a n th e r a te s h o w n .
T h e m i d d le ra n g e is d e fin e d
b y 2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a fo u r t h o f th e w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s th an th e l o w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s a n d a fo u r t h e a r n m o r e th a n th e h ig h e r r a t e .
3
E x c l u d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e an d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d la t e s h if t s .
4
T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e la t e t o f o r m a l l y e s t a b lis h e d m in im u m s t a r t in g (h ir in g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s th a t a r e p a id f o r s ta n d a r d
w ork w eek s.
5
E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s s u c h a s m e s s e n g e r .
6
D ata a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b i n e d , a n d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s ta n d a r d w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .
7
I n c lu d e s a ll p la n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s c u r r e n t ly o p e r a t in g la te s h i f t s , a nd e s t a b lis h m e n t s w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r la t e
s h i f t s , e v e n th o u g h th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s w e r e n o t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t in g la t e s h if t s .
8
L e s s th a n 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t .
9
L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
10 F o r p u r p o s e s o f t h is s tu d y , p a y f o r a S u n d ay in D e c e m b e r , n e g o t ia t e d in th e a u t o m o b ile in d u s t r y , is n o t t r e a t e d a s a p a id h o lid a y .
11 A l l c o m b i n a t i o n s o f f u ll a nd h a lf d a y s th a t a d d t o th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b i n e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g
a t o t a l o f 9 d a y s in c lu d e s t h o s e witiji 9 f u ll d a y s a nd n o h a lf d a y s , 8 f u ll d a y s a n d 2 h a lf d a y s , 7 f u ll d a y s a n d 4 h a lf d a y s , a n d s o on .
P r o p o r t i o n s th e n w e r e c u m u la t e d .
12 T h e s e d a y s a r e p r o v i d e d a s p a r t o f a C h r is t m a s —N ew Y e a r h o lid a y p e r i o d w h ic h t y p i c a l l y b e g in s w ith C h r is t m a s E v e a n d e n d s w ith
N ew Y e a r 's D a y .
S u ch a h o lid a y p e r i o d is c o m m o n in th e a u t o m o b ile , a e r o s p a c e , an d f a r m im p le m e n t i n d u s t r i e s .
13 " F l o a t i n g " h o lid a y s v a r y f r o m y e a r t o y e a r a c c o r d i n g t o e m p l o y e r o r e m p lo y e e c h o i c e .
14 I n c lu d e s p a y m e n t s o t h e r th a n " le n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d t o an
e q u iv a le n t t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y . P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e a r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y
a nd d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n ; f o r e x a m p le , c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s at 10 y e a r s in c lu d e c h a n g e s b e tw e e n
5 an d 10 y e a r s .
E s t im a t e s a r e c u m u la t iv e . T h u s , th e p r o p o r t io n e l i g i b l e f o r at le a s t 3 w e e k s ' p a y a f t e r 10 y e a r s in c lu d e s t h o s e e l i g i b l e f o r
at le a s t 3 w e e k s ' p a y a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
15 E s t im a t e s l i s t e d a f t e r ty p e o f b e n e f it a r e f o r a ll p la n s f o r w h ic h at le a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t i s b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r . " N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y
p la n s " in c lu d e o n ly t h o s e f in a n c e d e n t i r e l y b y th e e m p l o y e r .
E x c l u d e d a r e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d p la n s , s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l
s e c u r i t y , an d r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
16 U n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s ic k le a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e ly b e lo w . S ic k le a v e p la n s a r e
l i m i t e d t o t h o s e w h ic h d e f in it e ly e s t a b l i s h at le a s t th e m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t e a c h e m p lo y e e ca n e x p e c t .
I n f o r m a l s ic k le a v e
a llo w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d on an in d iv id u a l b a s i s a r e e x c lu d e d .




22

A ppend ix A
A r e a w a g e a n d r e la t e d b e n e f it s d a ta a r e o b t a in e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f ie l d
r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s a t 3 - y e a r i n t e r v a l s . 1 In e a c h o f t h e i n t e r v e n i n g y e a r s , i n f o r m a t i o n o n e m p l o y m e n t
an d o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s is c o ll e c t e d b y a c o m b in a t io n o f p e r s o n a l v is it an d m a il q u e s t io n n a ir e
f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p a r t i c i p a t i n g in t h e p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .
In e a c h o f t h e 9 4 2 a r e a s c u r r e n t l y s u r v e y e d , d a ta a r e o b t a i n e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h i n s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s : M a n u f a c t u r i n g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n ,
and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a il t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ; and
s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r in d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s e s t u d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t io n s a n d th e
c o n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s t r ie s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g f e w e r th a n a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f
w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d b e c a u s e o f i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in t h e o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d .
S ep a ra te
t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f t h e b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h ic h m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n c r i t e r i a .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p le b a s i s .
T h e s a m p lin g p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e
d e t a i l e d s t r a t i f i c a t i o n o f a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h i n t h e s c o p e o f an i n d i v i d u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y
in d u s tr y a n d n u m b e r o f e m p lo y e e s . F r o m th is s t r a t ifie d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ilit y s a m p le is s e le c t e d ,
w it h e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a v i n g a p r e d e t e r m i n e d c h a n c e o f s e l e c t i o n .
T o o b t a in o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y
a t m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f l a r g e th a n s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s e l e c t e d .
W hen
d a ta a r e c o m b in e d , e a c h e s t a b lis h m e n t is w e ig h t e d a c c o r d i n g t o its p r o b a b ili t y o f s e l e c t i o n , s o
th a t u n b ia s e d e s t im a t e s a r e g e n e r a t e d . F o r e x a m p le , i f o n e o u t o f f o u r e s t a b lis h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d ,
it i s g i v e n a w e ig h t o f f o u r t o r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f p l u s t h r e e o t h e r s .
A n a lt e r n a t e o f th e s a m e
o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y i s c h o s e n in t h e s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i f d a t a a r e n o t a v a i l a b l e
f o r th e o r ig in a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
I f n o s u it a b le s u b s titu te is a v a i la b l e , a d d it io n a l w e ig h t is
a s s i g n e d t o a s a m p l e m e m b e r t h a t i s s i m i l a r t o t h e m i s s i n g u n it .
O c c u p a t io n s

and

A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u ld n o t b e a s s u m e d
t o r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y o f th e s e x e s w it h i n i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
F a c t o r s w h ic h m a y
c o n t r i b u t e t o d i f f e r e n c e s i n c l u d e p r o g r e s s i o n w it h i n e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n l y th e r a t e s
p a i d in c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d , a n d p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c d u t i e s w it h i n t h e g e n e r a l s u r v e y j o b
d e sc r ip tio n s.
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d t o c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s u s u a l l y a r e m o r e
g e n e r a l i z e d t h a n t h o s e u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .
O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t t h e t o t a l in a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h i n t h e
s c o p e o f th e s tu d y a n d n o t th e n u m b e r a c t u a lly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e s a m o n g
e s t a b lis h m e n t s
d iffe r , e s tim a te s
o f o c c u p a tio n a l
e m p l o y m e n t o b t a in e d f r o m
th e s a m p le o f
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n l y t o i n d i c a t e th e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f t h e j o b s s t u d i e d .
T h ese
d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e d o n o t a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y t h e a c c u r a c y o f t h e e a r n i n g s d a t a .
W age

tre n d s

fo r

s e le c te d

o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s

I n d e x e s in t a b le A - 7 m e a s u r e w a g e s a t a g iv e n t im e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t o f w a g e s
d u r i n g th e b a s e p e r i o d .
S u b t r a c t i n g 1 0 0 f r o m t h e i n d e x y i e l d s t h e p e r c e n t c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m
th e b a s e p e r io d to th e d a te o f th e in d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e in t a b l e s A - 7
a n d A - 8 r e l a t e t o w a g e c h a n g e s b e t w e e n th e i n d i c a t e d d a t e s .
A nnual ra te s o f in c r e a s e , w h ere
s h o w n , r e f l e c t t h e a m o u n t o f i n c r e a s e f o r 12 m o n t h s w h e n t h e t i m e s p a n b e t w e e n s u r v e y s w a s
o t h e r th a n 12 m o n t h s .
T h e s e c o m p u t a t io n s a r e b a s e d o n th e a s s u m p t io n th a t w a g e s in c r e a s e d a t
a co n sta n t ra te b e tw e e n s u r v e y s .

E a r n in g s

O c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu d y a r e c o m m o n t o a v a r i e t y o f m a n u fa c t u r in g a n d n o n ­
m a n u fa c t u r in g in d u s t r i e s , a n d a r e o f th e f o ll o w in g t y p e s :
(1 ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2 ) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d
t e c h n ic a l ; (3 ) m a in t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p la n t ; a n d (4 ) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t .
O c c u p a tio n a l
c l a s s if ic a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s ig n e d t o ta k e a c c o u n t o f in t e r ­
e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in d u t i e s w it h i n t h e s a m e j o b .
O c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e li s t e d
a n d d e s c r i b e d in a p p e n d ix B .
U n l e s s o t h e r w i s e i n d i c a t e d , t h e e a r n i n g s d a ta f o l l o w i n g t h e j o b
t it le s a r e f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s c o m b in e d .
E a r n in g s d a ta f o r s o m e o f th e o c c u p a t io n s li s t e d an d
d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w it h i n o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in t h e A - s e r i e s
t a b l e s , b e c a u s e e i t h e r ( 1 ) e m p l o y m e n t in t h e o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a t o
m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t d a ta .
E a r n i n g s d a t a n o t s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e i n c l u d e d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d
d a ta , w h e re sh ow n .
L ik e w is e ,
d a ta a r e i n c l u d e d in t h e o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n w h e n a s u b ­
c la s s if ic a t i o n o f e le c t r o n i c s t e c h n ic ia n s , s e c r e t a r i e s , o r t r u c k d r iv e r s is n o t sh ow n o r in fo r m a t io n
t o s u b c la s s if y is n o t a v a ila b le .

P e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e r e p o r t e d in t a b le s A - 7 a n d A - 8 r e f l e c t tw o d if f e r e n t m e a s u r e s o f
w age m ov em en t.
T a b l e A - 7 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s o f o f f i c e
c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d in d u s t r ia l n u r s e s a n d a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f s k il le d m a in te n a n c e a n d
u n s k i l l e d p l a n t w o r k e r s in th e a r e a .
T a b le A - 8 p r o v id e s p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e h o u r ly
e a r n i n g s f o r th e s a m e o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , a d j u s t e d t o e x c l u d e t h e e f f e c t o f e m p l o y m e n t s h i f t s .
T h e m e t h o d u s e d t o c o m p u t e w a g e t r e n d s in t a b l e A - 8 i s b a s e d o n c h a n g e s i n a v e r a g e h o u r l y
e a r n i n g s f o r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s r e p o r t i n g i n d e x j o b s in b o t h t h e c u r r e n t a n d p r e v i o u s y e a r ( m a t c h e d
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ) ; e s t a b l i s h m e n t e m p l o y m e n t in th e j o b s w a s h e l d c o n s t a n t .
D a ta f o r th e m a t c h e d
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e w e i g h t e d t o r e p r e s e n t a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s r e p o r t i n g t h e j o b in t h e p r e v i o u s y e a r .
M eth od
O ffic e

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e t h e l e v e l o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s in an a r e a a t a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e .
C o m p a r is o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r t im e m a y n o t r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s .
T h e a v e r a g e s f o r i n d i v i d u a l j o b s a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s a n d e m p l o y m e n t p a t t e r n s .
F or
e x a m p le , p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y h ig h - o r lo w -w a g e f ir m s m a y c h a n g e , o r h ig h -w a g e
w o r k e r s m a y a d v a n ce to b e tte r jo b s an d b e r e p la c e d b y n ew w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a t e s .
S u ch
s h i f t s in e m p l o y m e n t c o u l d d e c r e a s e a n o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e e v e n t h o u g h m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in
a n a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s d u r in g t h e y e a r .
T r e n d s in e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , s h o w n in
t a b l e s A - 7 a n d A - 8 , a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s th a n i n d i v i d u a l j o b s w it h i n t h e g r o u p s .

e s t a b li sh m e n t s .

1 Personal visits were on a 2-y ea r c y c le before July 1972.
* Included in the 94 areas are 8 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are Austin, T e x .; Binghamton, N .Y . —
P a .; Durham, N. C . ; Fort Lauderdale—H ollywood and West Palm Beach, F la .; Huntsville, A la .; Lexington, K y .; Melbourne—Titusville—C ocoa,
F la .; and Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N .Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies in approxim ately 70 areas
at the request o f the Employment Standards Administration o f the U. S. Department o f Labor.




c o m p u t in g

w age

tren d s.

O c c u p a tio n s

c l e r i c a l (m e n an d w o m e n ):

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s B
C le r k s , a c c o u n t in g , c l a s s e s A an d B
C le r k s , file , c la s s e s A , B , and C
C le r k s , o r d e r
C le r k s , p a y r o ll
K eyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c la s s e s A and B
M e s s e n g e r s (o ffic e b o y s and g ir ls )
S e c r e t a r ie s
S ten ogra p h ers, gen era l
S te n o g r a p h e r s , s e n io r
S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s e s A and B
T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s B
T y p is ts , c la s s e s A and B

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t a n d e a r n i n g s d a ta a r e s h o w n f o r f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e
h ir e d to w o rk a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d u le .
E a r n i n g s d a ta e x c l u d e p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d
f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o li d a y s , a n d la t e s h ift s .
N o n p r o d u c t io n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , b u t c o s t o f - l i v i n g a ll o w a n c e s a n d in c e n t i v e b o n u s e s a r e in c lu d e d .
W e e k ly h o u r s f o r o f f ic e c l e r i c a l and
p r o f e s s io n a l an d t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s r e f e r t o th e s ta n d a r d w o r k w e e k (r o u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t
h a lf h o u r ) f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r
o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n in g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t io n s a r e
r o u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s r e f le c t c o m p o s it e , a r e a w id e e s t im a t e s .
I n d u s t r ie s an d e s t a b lis h m e n t s
d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l a n d j o b s t a f f i n g , a n d t h u s c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y t o t h e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
P a y a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l t o r e f l e c t a c c u r a t e l y t h e w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l a m o n g j o b s in i n d i v i d u a l

of

In dex es

fo r

in d iv id u a l a r e a s

in t h e p r o g r a m

u sed

to

com p u te

w age

tren d s

are:

In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s (m e n an d w o m e n ):
N u rses,

in d u s t r ia l ( r e g i s t e r e d )

S k ille d m a in t e n a n c e ( m e n ) :
C a rp en ters
E le c tr ic ia n s
M a c h in is ts
M e c h a n ic s
M e c h a n ic s (a u t o m o t iv e )
P a in t e r s
P ip e fitte r s
T o o l a n d d ie m a k e r s
U n s k i l l e d p la n t ( m e n ) :
J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s
L a b o r e r s , m a t e r i a l h a n d lin g
are

co m p u te d

as

fo llo w s :

1. E a c h o c c u p a t i o n i s a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d o n i t s p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t in th e
s e l e c t e d g r o u p o f o c c u p a t i o n s in t h e b a s e y e a r .
2.
T h e s e w e ig h t s a r e u s e d t o c o m p u t e g r o u p a v e r a g e s .
E a c h o c c u p a t i o n 's a v e r a g e
(m e a n ) e a r n in g s is m u lt i p l ie d b y it s w e ig h t.
T h e p r o d u c t s a r e t o t a le d to o b t a in a g r o u p a v e r a g e .
3.
T h e r a t i o o f g r o u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s i s c o m p u t e d b y d i v i d i n g th e
a v e r a g e f o r th e c u r r e n t y e a r b y t h e a v e r a g e f o r t h e e a r l i e r y e a r .
T he r e s u lts — e x p r e s s e d a s a
p e r c e n t — l e s s 1 0 0 i s th e p e r c e n t c h a n g e .
4.
T h e c u r r e n t y e a r ' s i n d e x i s o b t a i n e d b y m u l t i p l y i n g t h e p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s i n d e x b y th e
r a t i o o f th e c u r r e n t y e a r ' s g r o u p a v e r a g e t o th e p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s g r o u p a v e r a g e .

23

L i m i t a t i o n s o f d a t a . I n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a s p r e s e n t e d in
t a b le A - 7 , a r e in f lu e n c e d b y (1 ) g e n e r a l s a la r y an d w a g e c h a n g e s , (2 ) m e r it o r o t h e r p a y i n c r e a s e s
r e c e i v e d in t h e s a m e j o b , ( 3 ) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e w a g e s d u e t o l a b o r t u r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s
or
r e d u c tio n s ,
and
(4 ) c h a n g e s
r e s u ltin g
w hen
e s ta b lis h m e n ts e n te r
a n d le a v e
th e a r e a .
O c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s c a n i n c r e a s e o r d e c r e a s e w it h o u t a n y a c t u a l c h a n g e in w a g e s . F o r e x a m p l e ,
e v e n th o u g h a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s g iv e w a g e i n c r e a s e s , a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y d e c lin e b e c a u s e lo w e r p a y in g e s t a b lis h m e n t s e n t e r th e a r e a o r e x p a n d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ila r ly , w a g e s m a y r e m a in
r e la t iv e ly c o n s t a n t , y e t a v e r a g e s r is e b e c a u s e h ig h e r -p a y in g e s t a b lis h m e n t s e n t e r th e a r e a o r
exp a n d th e ir w o r k fo r c e .
A s m e n t i o n e d , d a t a in t a b l e A - 8 a r e a d j u s t e d t o r e m o v e s o m e o f t h e
l i m i t a t i o n s t o t h e i n f o r m a t i o n in t a b l e A - 7 , p a r t i c u l a r l y c h a n g e s r e s u l t i n g f r o m f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s
o r r e d u c t i o n s a n d f r o m t h e a d d i t i o n o r d e l e t i o n o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in t h e s u r v e y s a m p l e .
E s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s an d s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v is io n s
T h e B - s e r i e s t a b le s p r o v id e in f o r m a t io n on e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s a n d s u p p le m e n t a r y
w a g e p r o v i s i o n s f o r p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
" P la n t w o r k e r s " in c lu d e w o r k in g fo r e m e n a n d a ll
n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s ( i n c l u d i n g l e a d m e n a n d t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f i c e f u n c t i o n s . C a f e t e r i a
w o r k e r s and
r o u te m e n a re e x c lu d e d
f r o m m a n u f a c t u r i n g , b u t i n c l u d e d in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g
in d u s t r ie s . " O f f ic e w o r k e r s " in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r s a n d n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g
c l e r i c a l o r r e la t e d fu n c t io n s . A d m in is t r a t iv e , e x e c u t iv e , a n d p r o f e s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s a r e e x c lu d e d .
M in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s r e la t e o n ly t o th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s v i s i t e d .
(S e e t a b le B - l . )
B e c a u s e o f th e o p tim u m s a m p lin g t e c h n iq u e s u s e d an d th e p r o b a b ili t y th a t la r g e
e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e m o r e li k e ly th a n s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s t o h a v e f o r m a l e n tr a n c e r a t e s a b o v e th e
s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l , t h e t a b l e i s m o r e r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f p o l i c i e s in m e d i u m a n d l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
S h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l d a t a a r e l i m i t e d t o p la n t w o r k e r s in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
(S e e
t a b le B - 2 . )
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f ( 1 ) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y 3 f o r t o t a l p la n t
w o r k e r e m p lo y m e n t , a n d (2 ) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e f o r w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d on th e s p e c i f i e d s h ift at th e
t im e o f th e s u r v e y .
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , t h e a m o u n t a p p l y i n g t o a
m a jo r it y is u s e d ; i f n o a m o u n t a p p lie s t o a m a jo r it y , th e c la s s ific a t i o n " o t h e r " is u s e d .
In
e s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g s o m e l a t e - s h i f t h o u r s p a id a t n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f f e r e n c e is r e c o r d e d o n ly
i f it a p p l ie s t o a m a j o r i t y o f th e s h ift h o u r s .
A s e c o n d ( e v e n in g ) s h ift e n d s w o r k at o r n e a r
m id n ig h t .
A t h i r d ( n ig h t ) s h i f t s t a r t s w o r k a t o r n e a r m i d n i g h t .
T h e s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s a n d d a y s o f a m a j o r i t y o f t h e f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in a n
e s t a b lis h m e n t a r e t a b u la t e d a s a p p ly in g t o
a l l p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f t h a t e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
(S ee
t a b le B - 3 . ) S c h e d u le d w e e k l y h o u r s a n d d a y s a r e t h o s e w h ic h a m a jo r i t y o f f u l l - t i m e e m p lo y e e s
a r e e x p e c te d to w o rk fo r s tr a ig h t-tim e o r o v e r tim e r a te s .
P a i d h o l i d a y s ; p a i d v a c a t i o n s ; a n d h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p la n s a r e t r e a t e d
s t a t i s t i c a l l y a s a p p l y i n g t o a l l p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f a m a j o r i t y o f s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e
o r m a y e v e n tu a lly q u a lify f o r th e p r a c t ic e s lis t e d .
(S ee t a b le s B - 4 th ro u g h B - 6 .)
Sum s of
i n d i v i d u a l i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 t h r o u g h B - 5 m a y n o t e q u a l t o t a l s b e c a u s e o f r o u n d i n g .

T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t i o n p la n s i s a s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e o f v a c a t i o n p r o v i s i o n s r a t h e r t h a n
a m e a s u r e o f th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s a c t u a lly r e c e iv in g s p e c i f i c b e n e f it s .
(S e e t a b le B -5 )
P r o v i s i o n s a p p l y t o a l l p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t r e g a r d l e s s o f l e n g t h o f s e r v i c e .
P a y m e n ts on o th e r th a n a tim e b a s is a r e c o n v e r t e d t o a t im e p e r io d ; f o r e x a m p le , 2 p e r c e n t o f
a n n u a l e a r n i n g s a r e c o n s i d e r e d e q u i v a l e n t t o 1 w e e k 's p a y .
O n ly b a s i c p la n s a r e in c l u d e d .
E s t im a t e s e x c lu d e v a c a t io n b o n u s e s , v a c a t io n - s a v in g s p la n s , an d " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t ic a l "
b e n e fits b e y o n d b a s ic p la n s .
S u c h p r o v i s i o n s a r e t y p i c a l in t h e s t e e l ,
a lu m in u m ,
and ca n
in d u s tr ie s .

H e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p la n s f o r w h i c h t h e e m p l o y e r p a y s a t l e a s t a p a r t o f
th e c o s t
in c lu d e
t h o s e (1 ) u n d e r w r itte n
b y a c o m m e r c ia l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n y
o r n o n p r o fit
o r g a n i z a t i o n , ( 2 ) p r o v i d e d t h r o u g h a u n io n f u n d , o r ( 3 ) p a i d d i r e c t l y b y t h e e m p l o y e r o u t o f
c u r r e n t o p e r a t in g
fu n d s o r
fr o m
a fu n d s e t a s i d e
f o r th is p u r p o s e .
(S ee t a b le B - 6 .)
An
e s t a b l i s h m e n t i s c o n s i d e r e d t o h a v e s u c h a p la n i f t h e m a j o r i t y o f e m p l o y e e s a r e c o v e r e d e v e n
t h o u g h l e s s th a n a m a j o r i t y p a r t i c i p a t e u n d e r t h e p la n b e c a u s e e m p l o y e e s a r e r e q u i r e d t o
c o n t r i b u t e t o w a r d t h e c o s t . E x c l u d e d a r e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d p l a n s , s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t i o n ,
s o c ia l s e c u r it y , an d r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t.

S ic k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e i s l i m it e d t o th a t ty p e o f in s u r a n c e u n d e r w h ic h p r e ­
d e t e r m i n e d c a s h p a y m e n t s a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y t o t h e i n s u r e d d u r in g t e m p o r a r y i l l n e s s o r a c c i d e n t
d is a b ility .
I n fo r m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll s u c h
p la n s t o w h i c h t h e
e m p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t e s .
H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k a n d N e w J e r s e y , w h i c h h a v e e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e la w s
r e q u ir i n g e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s ,4 p la n s a r e in c l u d e d o n ly i f th e e m p l o y e r (1 ) c o n t r ib u t e s m o r e
th a n i s l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , o r (2 ) p r o v i d e s t h e e m p l o y e e w it h b e n e f i t s w h i c h e x c e e d t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s
o f th e la w .
T a b u l a t i o n s o f p a i d s i c k l e a v e p la n s a r e l i m i t e d t o f o r m a l p l a n s 5 w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l
p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f t h e w o r k e r ' s p a y d u r in g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f i l l n e s s .
S ep a ra te
t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g t o ( 1 ) p la n s w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y a n d n o w a i t i n g p e r i o d ,
a n d (2 ) p la n s w h ic h p r o v id e e it h e r p a r t ia l p a y o r a w a itin g p e r io d .
In a d d i t i o n t o t h e p r e s e n t a t i o n
o f p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a i d s i c k l e a v e , an
u n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l is s h o w n o f w o r k e r s w h o r e c e i v e e it h e r o r b o th t y p e s o f b e n e f it s .
L o n g t e r m d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e p la n s p r o v i d e p a y m e n t s t o t o t a l l y d i s a b l e d e m p l o y e e s u p o n
t h e e x p i r a t i o n o f t h e i r p a id s i c k l e a v e a n d / o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e , o r a f t e r a
p r e d e te r m in e d p e r io d o f d is a b ility (ty p ic a lly 6 m o n th s ).
P a y m e n t s a r e m a d e u n til th e e n d o f th e
d is a b ility , a m a x im u m a g e , o r e lig ib ilit y fo r r e tir e m e n t b e n e fits .
F u ll o r p a r t ia l p a y m e n ts a r e
a l m o s t a l w a y s r e d u c e d b y s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t i o n , a n d p r i v a t e p e n s i o n s b e n e f i t s
p a y a b le t o th e d is a b le d e m p lo y e e .

D a t a o n p a i d h o l i d a y s a r e l i m i t e d t o h o l i d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a ll y o n a f o r m a l b a s i s , w h i c h ( 1 )
a r e p r o v i d e d f o r in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r ( 2 ) a r e e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
(S e e t a b le B - 4 .)
H o lid a y s
o r d in a r il y g r a n t e d a r e in c lu d e d e v e n th o u g h th e y m a y f a ll on a n o n w o r k d a y a n d th e w o r k e r is n ot
g ra n te d a n o th e r d ay o ff.
T h e f i r s t p a r t o f th e p a id h o li d a y s t a b le p r e s e n t s th e n u m b e r o f w h o le
a n d h a lf h o lid a y s a c t u a lly g r a n te d .
T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b in e s w h o le a n d h a lf h o li d a y s t o s h o w
tota l
h o lid a y t im e .
T a b le B - 4 a
r e p o r t s th e in c i d e n c e o f th e m o s t
c o m m o n p a id h o li d a y s .

M a jo r m e d i c a l in s u r a n c e p la n s p r o t e c t e m p lo y e e s f r o m s ic k n e s s a n d in ju r y e x p e n s e s
b e y o n d th e c o v e r a g e o f b a s i c h o s p i t a liz a t io n , m e d i c a l , a n d s u r g i c a l p la n s .
T y p ic a l fe a tu r e s o f
m a j o r m e d i c a l p la n s a r e (1 ) a " d e d u c t i b l e " ( e . g . , $ 5 0 ) p a id b y th e in s u r e d b e f o r e b e n e fit s
b e g in ; (2 ) a c o in s u r a n c e fe a t u r e r e q u ir in g th e in s u r e d t o p a y a p o r t io n ( e .g . 20 p e r c e n t ) o f
c e r t a in e x p e n s e s ; an d (3 ) s ta te d d o lla r m a x im u m b e n e fit s ( e .g ., $ 1 0 ,0 0 0 a y e a r ) .
M e d ic a l
in s u r a n c e p r o v id e s c o m p le t e o r p a r t ia l p a y m e n t o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s .
D e n ta l in s u r a n c e u s u a lly c o v e r s
fillin g s , e x tr a c tio n s , and X - r a y s .
E x c l u d e d a r e p la n s w h i c h c o v e r o n l y o r a l s u r g e r y o r a c c i d e n t
dam age.
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n p la n s p r o v i d e p a y m e n t s f o r t h e r e m a i n d e r o f t h e w o r k e r ' s l i f e .

3
A n establishment was considered as having a p olicy if it m et either o f the follow in g conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the tim e
o f the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had
operated late shifts during the 12 months before the survey, or (2 ) had provisions in written form to operate late shifts.

4 The temporary disability laws in C alifornia and Rhode Island do not require em ployer contribution.
* An establishment is considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the minim um number o f days sick leave available
to each em ployee.
Such a plan need not be written; but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, are excluded.




E sta b lish m e n ts and w orkers w ith in sco p e of survey and n um b er studied in S e a ttle —Everett, W a s h .,'
by m ajor industry d iv isio n ,2 Ja n u a ry 19 7 4
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1 T h e S e a t t l e - E v e r e t t S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y th e O f f i c e o f M a n a g e m e n t a n d B u d g e t t h r o u g h N o v e m b e r 1 9 7 2 , c o n s i s t s o f K in g a n d S n o h o m i s h C o u n t i e s . T h e
" w o r k e r s w it h i n s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in t h is t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f t h e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e l a b o r f o r c e i n c l u d e d in t h e s u r v e y .
E s t im a t e s a r e
n o t i n t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , f o r c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e ( 1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y
in a d v a n c e o f t h e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a n d ( 2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d itio n o f th e S ta n d a rd I n d u s tr ia l C la s s if ic a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d to c l a s s i f y e s t a b lis h m e n t s b y in d u s tr y d iv i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n . A l l o u t l e t s ( w it h i n t h e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in i n d u s t r i e s
su ch as tra d e ,
fin a n c e , a u to
r e p a ir
s e r v i c e , and m o t io n p ic t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e s t a b lis h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e p la n t a n d o f f i c e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 A b b r e v i a t e d t o " p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s " in t h e A - a n d B - s e r i e s t a b l e s . T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s i n c i d e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c l u d e d . B e c a u s e t h e c i t y o f S e a t t l e 's e l e c t r i c u t i l i t i e s
a n d l o c a l - t r a n s i t f a c i l i t i e s a r e m u n i c i p a l l y o p e r a t e d , t h e y a r e e x c l u d e d b y d e f i n i t i o n f r o m th e s c o p e o f t h e s t u d y .
6 T h i s d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , a n d f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in t h e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f
d a t a i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g r e a s o n s : ( 1 ) E m p l o y m e n t i s t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a t o m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , ( 2 ) th e s a m p l e w a s n o t d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y t o p e r m i t
s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , ( 3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r in a d e q u a t e to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d ( 4 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .
7 W o r k e r s f r o m t h is e n t i r e d i v i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b u t f r o m t h e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t i o n o n l y in e s t i m a t e s
f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in t h e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f d a t a i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f t h e r e a s o n s g i v e n in f o o t n o t e 6 .
8 H o t e ls an d m o t e l s ; la u n d r ie s and o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n t a l, an d p a r k in g ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n i z a t io n s (e x c lu d in g
r e lig io u s and c h a r it a b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); and e n g in e e r in g and a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

L a b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t c o v e r a g e
T h e f o l l o w i n g t a b u l a t i o n s h o w s th e p e r c e n t o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d in
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h i c h a c o n t r a c t o r c o n t r a c t s c o v e r e d a m a j o r i t y o f t h e w o r k e r s in th e
r e s p e c t i v e c a t e g o r i e s , S e a t t le - E v e r e t t , W a s h ., J a n u a r y 1 9 7 4 :
I n d u s t r i a l c o m p o s i t i o n in m a n u f a c t u r i n g
P la n t w o r k e r s
A l m o s t o n e - h a l f o f th e w o r k e r s w it h i n s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y in t h e S e a t t l e - E v e r e t t
a r e a w e r e e m p l o y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s .
T h e fo llo w in g p r e s e n t s th e m a j o r in d u s tr y
g r o u p s an d s p e c i f ic in d u s t r ie s a s a p e r c e n t o f a ll m a n u fa c tu r in g :
In d u stry g ro u p s

S p e c if ic in d u s tr ie s

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7

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M a n u fa c t u r in g —
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A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t i s c o n s i d e r e d t o h a v e a c o n t r a c t c o v e r i n g a l l p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s
i f a m a jo r it y o f s u c h w o r k e r s a r e c o v e r e d b y a la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t .
T h e re fo re ,
a l l o t h e r p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s a r e e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s th a t e i t h e r d o n o t h a v e
l a b o r - m a n a g e m e n t c o n t r a c t s in e f f e c t , o r h a v e c o n t r a c t s t h a t a p p l y t o f e w e r th a n h a l f o f t h e i r
p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
E s t i m a t e s a r e n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f t h e e x t e n t t o w h ic h
a l l w o r k e r s in t h e a r e a m a y b e c o v e r e d b y t h e p r o v i s i o n s o f l a b o r - m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t s ,
b e c a u s e s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d a n d th e in d u s t r ia l s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y is li m it e d .

T h is in fo r m a t i o n is b a s e d o n e s t im a t e s o f t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d f r o m u n iv e r s e
m a te r ia ls c o m p ile d b e fo r e a ctu a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d o n th e r e s u l t s o f t h e s u r v e y a s s h o w n in th e a p p e n d i x t a b l e .




91
92

25

A ppend ix B. O ccu p atio n al D e scrip tio n s
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r t h e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s t o a s s i s t i t s f i e l d s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in t o a p p r o p r i a t e
o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o ll t it le s and d if f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b lis h m e n t to e s t a b lis h m e n t and
fr o m
a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m it s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b le j o b c o n t e n t .
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a s is on
i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t i o n a l c o n t e n t , t h e B u r e a u 's j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p l y in g t h e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , t h e B u r e a u 's f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e i n s t r u c t e d
to e x c l u d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g i n n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; an d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t io n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE

B IL L E R ,

C L E R K , A C C O U N T I N G — C o n t in u e d

M A C H IN E

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d i n v o i c e s o n a m a c h i n e o t h e r th a n a n o r d i n a r y o r e l e c t r o m a tic ty p e w r ite r .
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s t o b i l l i n g s o r s h ip p i n g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r
c l e r i c a l w o r k in c id e n ta l to b illin g o p e r a t io n s . F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c la s s ifie d by ty p e o f m a c h in e , as fo llo w s :
B il le r , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e ) .
U se s a s p e c ia l
a n d a d d in g m a c h in e ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s an d in v o i c e s f r o m
n a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o r a n d u m s , e t c .
d e t e r m i n e d d i s c o u n t s a n d s h ip p i n g c h a r g e s a n d e n t r y o f
m a y n ot b e c o m p u te d o n th e b illin g m a c h in e , and to t a ls
b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a t io n u s u a lly in v o lv e s a la r g e n u m
p r e p a r e d and is o fte n d o n e on a fa n fo ld m a c h in e .

(w it h o r w it h o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o

CLERK,

keep a record

C la s s B .
K e e p s a r e c o r d o f o n e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t io n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly
r e q u ir i n g li t t le k n o w le d g e o f b a s ic b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t io n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t i n c l u d i n g a s i m p l e t y p e o f b i l l i n g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ) , c o s J L d is t r ib u t io n , e x p e n s e - d i s t r i b u t io n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r t h e a c c o u n t i n g d e p a r t m e n t .
C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e a c c o u n t in g c l e r i c a l ta s k s s u c h a s p o s tin g t o r e g i s t e r s and le d g e r s ;
r e c o n c il in g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; v e r i f y in g th e in te r n a l c o n s is t e n c y , c o m p le t e n e s s , an d m a t h e m a t ic a l
a c c u r a c y o f a c c o u n t in g d o c u m e n t s ; a s s i g n in g p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t in g d is t r ib u t io n c o d e s ; e x a m in in g
an d v e r ify in g fo r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a lc u la t io n s , p o s tin g , e t c .;
o r p r e p a r i n g s i m p l e o r a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r i n g m o r e c o m p l i c a t e d j o u r n a l v o u c h e r s .
M ay w ork
in e it h e r a m a n u a l o r a u to m a te d a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m .




in t o

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d e fin itio n s .

F IL E

F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , a n d r e t r i e v e s m a t e r ia l in a n e s t a b lis h e d f il in g s y s t e m . M a y p e r f o r m
c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s r e q u ir e d t o m a in ta in f i l e s . P o s it io n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to le v e l s o n th e
b a s is o f th e fo llo w in g d e fin it io n s .

C la s s A .
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w l e d g e o f a n d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p i n g p r i n c i p l e s , a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w it h t h e s t r u c t u r e o f t h e p a r t i c u l a r . a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d i s t r i b u t i o n o f d e b i t a n d c r e d i t i t e m s t o b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a t e d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e t s , and o t h e r r e c o r d s
by hand.

T h e w o rk r e q u ir e s a k n o w le d g e o f
w h ic h r e la t e s to th e c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g an d
W it h e x p e r i e n c e , t h e w o r k e r t y p i c a l l y b e c o m
a n d p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in t h e a s s i g n e d w o r k ,
p r in c ip le s o f b o o k k e e p in g and a c c o u n t in g .

c la s s ifie d

C la s s B .
U n d e r c lo s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s and s ta n d a r d iz e d p r o ­
c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e r o u t in e a c c o u n t in g c l e r i c a l o p e r a t io n s , s u c h a s p o s t in g to
le d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e id e n t ific a t io n o f it e m s an d lo c a t io n s o f p o s t in g s a r e
c le a r l y in d ic a t e d ; c h e c k in g a c c u r a c y an d c o m p le t e n e s s o f s t a n d a r d iz e d and r e p e t it iv e r e c o r d s
o r a c c o u n t in g d o c u m e n t s ; and c o d in g d o c u m e n t s u s in g a fe w p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t in g c o d e s .

OPERATOR

O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e
o f b u s in e s s tr a n s a c t io n s .

are

C la s s A .
U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s a c c o u n t i n g c l e r i c a l o p e r a t i o n s w h ic h
r e q u ir e th e a p p lic a t io n o f e x p e r ie n c e an d ju d g m e n t, f o r e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s in g c o m ­
p lic a t e d o r n o n r e p e t it iv e a c c o u n tin g t r a n s a c t io n s , s e le c t in g a m o n g a s u b s ta n tia l v a r ie t y o f
p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n tin g c o d e s and c l a s s if ic a t i o n s , o r t r a c in g t r a n s a c t io n s th r o u g h p r e v io u s
a c c o u n tin g a c t io n s to d e t e r m in e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M ay be a s siste d by one o r m o r e
c la s s B a c c o u n tin g c le r k s .

b i l l i n g m a c h i n e ( c o m b i n a t i o n t y p in g
c u s t o m e r s ' p u rch a se o r d e r s , in t e r ­
U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p l ic a t io n o f p r e ­
n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s io n s , w h ic h m a y o r
w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d
b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f t h e b i l l b e in g

B il le r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ).
U s e s a b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h i n e (w it h o r w it h o u t
a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a ­
t io n . G e n e r a ll y in v o lv e s th e s im u lt a n e o u s e n t r y o f f ig u r e s o n c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . T h e
m a c h in e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la t e s fig u r e s o n a n u m b e r o f v e r t ic a l c o lu m n s and c o m p u t e s
a n d u s u a lly p r in t s a u t o m a t i c a lly th e d e b it o r c r e d i t b a la n c e s .
D o e s n o t in v o lv e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g .
W ork s fr o m
u n ifo r m and s ta n d a r d ty p e s o f s a le s and c r e d it s lip s .
B O O K K E E P I N G -M A C H I N E

P o s itio n s

c l e r i c a l m e th o d s and o f f ic e p r a c t ic e s and p r o c e d u r e s
r e c o r d i n g o f t r a n s a c t io n s an d a c c o u n t in g in fo r m a t i o n .
e s f a m i l i a r w it h t h e b o o k k e e p i n g a n d a c c o u n t i n g t e r m s
bu t is n ot r e q u ir e d to h a v e a k n o w le d g e o f th e f o r m a l

26

C la s s A .
C l a s s i f i e s a n d in d e x e s f i l e m a t e r i a l s u c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h ­
n i c a l d o c u m e n t s , e t c . , in a n e s t a b l i s h e d f i l i n g s y s t e m c o n t a i n i n g a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d s u b j e c t
m a t t e r f i l e s . M a y a l s o f i l e t h i s m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n j u n c t i o n
w it h t h e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a ll g r o u p o f lo w e r le v e l f i l e c l e r k s .
C la s s B .
S o r t s , c o d e s , and f il e s u n c la s s if ie d m a t e r ia l b y s im p le ( s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d ­
in g s o r p a r t ly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y fin e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s im p le r e la t e d in d e x and
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s .
A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y i d e n t i f i e d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r ­
w a r d s m a t e r i a l . M a y p e r f o r m r e la t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in t a in an d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C la s s C .
P e r f o r m s r o u t i n e f i l i n g o f m a t e r i a l t h a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ic h
i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a l p h a b e t i c a l , c h r o n o l o g i c a l ,
o r n u m e r i c a l ) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; an d m a y f i l l o u t w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e . M a y p e r f o r m s im p le c l e r i c a l an d m a n u a l t a s k s
r e q u ir e d t o m a in ta in an d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C LERK , ORDER
R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e by m a il , p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a lly .
D u t ie s i n v o l v e a n y c o m b i n a t i o n o f t h e f o l l o w i n g : Q u o t in g p r i c e s t o c u s t o m e r s ; m a k i n g o u t a n o r d e r
s h e e t l i s t i n g th e i t e m s t o m a k e u p t h e o r d e r ; c h e c k i n g p r i c e s a n d q u a n t i t i e s o f i t e m s o n o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s t o r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s t o b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w it h c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t t o d e t e r m in e c r e d i t r a t in g o ( c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w le d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
f o l l o w u p o r d e r s t o s e e t h a t t h e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k s h ip p i n g
i n v o i c e s w it h o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .
CLERK,

PAYROLL

C o m p u te s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p lo y e e s an d e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y d a ta on th e p a y r o ll
s h e e t s . D u t ie s i n v o l v e : C a l c u l a t i n g w o r k e r s ' e a r n i n g s b a s e d o n t i m e o r p r o d u c t i o n r e c o r d s ; a n d
p o s t in g c a lc u l a t e d d a ta o n p a y r o l l s h e e t , s h o w in g in fo r m a t i o n s u c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o r k in g
d a y s , t im e , r a te , d e d u ctio n s fo r in s u r a n c e , and to ta l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e ou t p a y c h e c k s and
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g u p a n d d is t r ib u t in g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a lc u la t in g m a c h in e .

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

S E C R E T A R Y -— C on tin u ed

O p e ra te s a k eypu n ch
t a b u la tin g c a r d s o r o n ta p e .

P o s itio n s

are

m a c h in e

c la s s ifie d

in to

to

record

le v e ls

or

o n th e

v e r ify

b a s is

a lp h a b e t ic

o f th e

a n d /o r

fo llo w in g

n u m e r ic

d a ta on

d e fin itio n s .

C la s s A .
W o r k r e q u i r e s t h e a p p l i c a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e a n d j u d g m e n t in s e l e c t i n g p r o c e ­
d u r e s t o b e f o l l o w e d a n d in s e a r c h i n g f o r , i n t e r p r e t i n g , s e l e c t i n g , o r c o d i n g i t e m s t o b e
k e y p u n c h e d f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s . O n o c c a s i o n m a y a l s o p e r f o r m s o m e r o u tin e
keypu n ch w ork .
M a y t r a in in e x p e r ie n c e d k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r s .

N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in t h e l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s f o l l o w i n g , r e f e r s t o
t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w h o h a v e a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o l i c y m a k i n g r o l e w it h r e g a r d t o m a j o r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t i t l e " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " t h o u g h n o r m a l l y i n d i c a t i v e o f t h is r o l e , d o e s n o t
in a ll c a s e s id e n t ify s u c h p o s i t i o n s . V ic e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s ib i lit y is to a c t p e r ­
s o n a l l y o n i n d i v i d u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y i n d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ;
a d m in is t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff) a r e n o t c o n s id e r e d t o b e
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e f o ll o w in g le v e l d e f in it i o n s .
C la s s

a ll,
C la s s B .
W o r k is r o u t in e an d r e p e t it iv e . U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v is io n o r fo ll o w in g s p e c i f i c
p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t i o n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s w h ic h h a v e
b e e n c o d e d , a n d f o l l o w s s p e c i f i e d p r o c e d u r e s w h i c h h a v e b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a i l a n d r e q u i r e
lit t le o r n o s e le c t in g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g o f d a ta to be r e c o r d e d . R e f e r s to s u p e r v is o r
p r o b le m s a r is in g fr o m e r r o n e o u s ite m s o r c o d e s o r m is s in g in fo r m a tio n .

M E S S E N G E R (O ffic e

B oy o r

A

1.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r
o v e r 1 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t

e m p lo y s ,

in

2.
S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n t h e c h a i r m a n o f t h e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r t h a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r l e v e l,
s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la s s

G ir l)

o f a m a jo r

B

1.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n
f e w e r t h a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

o f th e

b oard

or

p r e s id e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s ,

in

P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u t i n e d u t i e s s u c h a s r u n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t i n g m i n o r o f f i c e m a ­
c h in e s s u c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d is t r ib u t in g m a i l , an d o t h e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .
E x c l u d e p o s i t i o n s th a t r e q u i r e o p e r a t i o n o f a m o t o r v e h i c l e a s a s i g n i f i c a n t d u t y .

a ll,

SECRETARY

3.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w th e o f f i c e r l e v e l, o v e r e ith e r a m a j o r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e fu n c t io n a l a c t iv it y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t io n s , in d u s t r ia l r e l a t io n s , e t c .) o r a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e .g ., a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ;
a m a j o r d i v i s i o n ) o f a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s ; o r

A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y t o o n e i n d i v i d u a l . M a in t a i n s a c l o s e a n d h i g h l y
r e s p o n s iv e r e la t io n s h ip to th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k o f th e s u p e r v is o r . W o r k s f a ir l y in d e p e n d e n tly r e ­
c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d s u p e r v is io n a n d g u id a n c e . P e r f o r m s v a r i e d c l e r i c a l an d s e c r e t a r i a l
d u t i e s , u s u a l l y in c l u d i n g m o s t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g :

a.
R e c e i v e s t e le p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a ll e r s , and in c o m in g
in q u i r e s , an d r o u te s t e c h n ic a l in q u i r ie s to th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ;
b.

E s ta b lis h e s ,

c.

M a in t a i n s t h e

m a in t a in s ,

and

r e v is e s

th e

s u p e r v i s o r 's

m a il,

an sw ers

r o u tin e

2.
S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

4.
S e c r e t a r y t o t h e h e a d o f an i n d i v i d u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r
o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

d.

R e la y s

m essages

fr o m

c a le n d a r

s u p e r v is o r

and m a k e s

to

file s ;

a p p o in tm e n ts

as

P e r fo r m s

s te n o g r a p h ic

a n d t y p in g

C

in s tr u c te d ;

s u b o r d in a te s ;

e.
R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d
s u p e r v i s o r 's s i g n a t u r e t o a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d t y p o g r a p h i c a c c u r a c y ;
f.

o t h e r e q u iv a le n t T e v e l

5.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f a la r g e an d im p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v is o r o f an o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l
h u n d r e d p e r s o n s ) o r a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la s s

s u p e r v i s o r 's

o r p re sid e n t)

by

o th ers

fo r

th e

1.
S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is n ot e q u iv a le n t
t o o n e o f t h e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s i t u a t i o n s in t h e d e f i n i t i o n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o s e o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
u n it n o r m a l l y n u m b e r s a t l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d i s u s u a l l y d i v i d e d in t o o r g a n i z a ­
t i o n a l s e g m e n t s w h i c h a r e o f t e n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r s u b d i v i d e d . In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , t h is l e v e l
i n c l u d e s a w i d e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n l y o n e o r t w o ; o r

2 . S e c r e t a r y t o t h e h e a d o f a n i n d i v i d u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y ,
o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

w ork.

M ay a ls o p e r fo r m o th e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l ta s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n a tu re and d iffic u lt y .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u ir e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e r o u tin e a n d u n d e r s ta n d in g o f th e o r g a n i z a t io n ,
p r o g r a m s , an d p r o c e d u r e s r e la t e d to th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v is o r .

E x clu sio n s
N o t a ll p o s i t io n s th a t a r e t it le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e
o f p o s i t io n s w h ic h a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e d e fin it io n a r e a s f o l l o w s :

c h a r a c t e r is t ic s .

E x a m p le s

C la s s

e tc. (o r

o t h e r e q u iv a le n t le v e l

D

1.
S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v is o r o r h e a d
a b o u t 2 5 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r

of a

s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l u n it ( e . g . ,

fe w e r th a n

2, - S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s t a ff s p e c i a lis t , p r o f e s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is t r a ­
t iv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s is t a n t , s k ille d t e c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E :
M a n y c o m p a n ie s a s s ig n
s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , t o th is le v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)
STEN OGRAPH ER

a.

P o s itio n s

w h ic h

b.

S ten og ra p h ers

c.
S ten ogra p h ers
m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ;

do

not

n o t fu lly
s e r v in g

m eet

th e

tr a in e d

in

as

o ffic e

"p e r s o n a l"

secreta ry

s e c r e t a r ia l ty p e

a s sista n ts

to a

con cep t

d e s c r ib e d

above;

d u tie s ;

grou p

o f p r o fe s s io n a l, te c h n ic a l,

or

d.
S e c r e t a r y p o s i t i o n s in w h ic h t h e d u t i e s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e r o u t i n e
s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e c o m p l e x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e th a n t h o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in t h e d e f i n i t i o n ;

or

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n u s in g s h o r t h a n d , an d to t r a n s c r i b e th e d ic t a t io n . M a y
a ls o ty p e f r o m w r itte n c o p y . M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s te n o g r a p h ic p o o l. M a y o c c a s io n a ll y t r a n s c r ib e
f r o m v o i c e r e c o r d in g s ( i f p r im a r y d u ty is t r a n s c r ib in g f r o m r e c o r d in g s , s e e T r a n s c r ib in g - M a c h in e
O p e r a t o r , G e n e r a l).
N O T E : T h i s j o b i s d i s t i n g u i s h e d f r o m t h a t o f a s e c r e t a r y in t h a t a s e c r e t a r y n o r m a l l y
w o r k s , i n a c o n f i d e n t i a l r e l a t i o n s h i p w it h o n l y o n e m a n a g e r o r e x e c u t i v e a n d p e r f o r m s m o r e
r e s p o n s i b l e a n d d i s c r e t i o n a r y t a s k s a s d e s c r i b e d in t h e s e c r e t a r y j o b d e f i n i t i o n .
S te n o g ra p h e r,

e.
A s s i s t a n t t y p e p o s i t i o n s w h ic h i n v o l v e m o r e d i f f i c u l t o r m o r e
n ic a l , a d m in is t r a t iv e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u tie s w h ic h
s e c r e ta r ia l w ork .




r e s p o n s ib le te c h ­
a r e not ty p ic a l o f
or

G en eral

D ic t a t io n in v o lv e s a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u l a r y . M a y m a in t a in f i l e s ,
p e r f o r m o th e r r e la t iv e ly r o u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .

k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s ,

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ( E le c t r ic A c c o u n tin g M a ch in e O p e r a t o r )— C on tin u ed

S T E N O G R A P H E R — C o n tin u e d
S ten og ra p h er,
or

S e n io r

P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in t o l e v e l s o n t h e b a s i s o f t h e f o l l o w i n g d e f i n i t i o n s .

D i c t a t i o n i n v o l v e s a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s
r e p o r ts on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h .
M a y a ls o s e t up an d m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .

C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g a n d t a b u l a t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s in c l u d i n g d e v i s i n g
d iffic u lt c o n t r o l p a n e l w ir in g u n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n .
A s s ig n m e n t s t y p ic a lly in v o lv e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g an d c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w h ic h o ft e n a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g , r e q u ir i n g
s o m e p la n n in g o f t h e n a t u r e a n d s e q u e n c i n g o f o p e r a t i o n s , a n d t h e u s e o f a v a r i e t y o f m a ­
c h in e s .
I s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e d in t r a i n i n g n e w o p e r a t o r s in m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s o r t r a i n i n g
l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s in w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d in t h e o p e r a t i n g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g a n d
c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n o t i n c l u d e p o s i t i o n s in w h i c h w i r i n g r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s l i m i t e d t o
s e le c t io n and in s e r t io n o f p r e w ir e d b o a r d s .

OR
P e r f o r m s s te n o g r a p h ic d u tie s r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n t ly g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e and r e s p o n ­
s i b i l i t y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l , a s e v i d e n c e d b y th e f o ll o w in g :
W o r k r e q u i r e s a h ig h
d e g r e e o f s te n o g r a p h ic s p e e d and a c c u r a c y ; a th o r o u g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s
and o f f ic e p r o c e d u r e ; and o f th e s p e c i fic b u s in e s s o p e r a tio n s , o r g a n iz a tio n , p o lic i e s , p r o c e ­
d u r e s , file s , w o r k flo w , e tc .
U s e s th is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m in g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s an d
r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l t a s k s s u c h a s m a in t a in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l in g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s ,
m e m o r a n d u m s , a n d le t t e r s ; c o m p o s in g s im p le le t t e r s fr o m g e n e r a l in s t r u c t io n s ; r e a d in g and
r o u tin g in c o m in g m a il; an d a n s w e r in g r o u tin e q u e s t io n s , e t c .
S W IT C H B O A R D

C la s s B .
P e r fo r m s w o r k a c c o r d in g to e s ta b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and u n d er s p e c ific in ­
s t r u c t io n s . A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e c o m p le t e but r o u t in e a n d r e c u r r i n g r e p o r t s o r p a r t s
o f la r g e r and m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a t e s m o r e d if f ic u l t ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c ­
c o u n t i n g m a c h i n e s s u c h a s t h e t a b u l a t o r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d i t i o n t o t h e s i m p l e r m a c h i n e s
u s e d b y c la s s C o p e r a t o r s . M a y b e r e q u ir e d t o d o s o m e w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s . M a y t r a in
n e w e m p l o y e e s in b a s i c m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s .

OPERATOR

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e l e p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g i n c o m i n g ,
o u t g o in g , in t r a p la n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . P e r f o r m s fu ll te le p h o n e in fo r m a t i o n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p l e x c a l l s , s u c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i t h e r in a d d i t i o n t o
d o in g r o u t in e w o r k a s d e s c r i b e d
f o r s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r ,
c la s s B , o r a s a fu ll-t im e
a s s i g n m e n t . ( " F u l l " t e l e p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h e n th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a s v a r i e d
fu n c t io n s th a t a r e n ot r e a d ily u n d e r s ta n d a b le f o r t e le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e
o f o v e r la p p in g o r in t e r r e l a t e d fu n c t io n s , an d c o n s e q u e n t ly p r e s e n t f r e q u e n t p r o b le m s a s to
w h ic h e x t e n s io n s a r e a p p r o p r ia t e f o r c a l l s . )

C la s s C .
U n d e r s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t i o n s , o p e r a t e s s im p le ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g
m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e s o r t e r , i n t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , c o l l a t o r , e t c .
A s sig n m e n ts
t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e p o r t i o n s o f a w o r k u n it , f o r e x a m p l e , i n d i v i d u a l s o r t i n g o r c o l l a t i n g r u n s ,
o r r e p e t it iv e o p e r a t io n s . M a y p e r f o r m s im p le w ir in g fr o m d ia g r a m s , and d o s o m e filin g w o r k .
T R A N S C R I B IN G -M A C H IN E

C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e l e p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g i n c o m i n g ,
o u t g o i n g , i n t r a p l a n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u t i n e l o n g d i s t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s .
M a y p e r f o r m l i m it e d t e le p h o n e in f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " te le p h o n e in fo r m a t i o n s e r v i c e
o c c u r s i f th e fu n c t io n s o f th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r t e le p h o n e
in f o r m a t i o n p u r p o s e s , o r i f th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t in e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s io n n u m b e r s w h en
s p e c ific n am es a re
fu r n is h e d , o r if c o m p le x
c a lls a r e r e fe r r e d
to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)
a s sist

T h e s e c la s s if ic a t i o n s d o n ot in c lu d e
c u s t o m e r s in p l a c i n g c a l l s .

S W IT C H B O A R D

s w it c h b o a r d

o p e ra to rs

in t e l e p h o n e

c o m p a n ie s

In a d d i t i o n t o p e r f o r m i n g d u t i e s o f o p e r a t o r o n a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n i t o r - t y p e s w i t c h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n i s t a n d m a y a l s o t y p e o r p e r f o r m r o u t in e c l e r i c a l w o r k a s p a r t o f r e g u l a r
d u tie s .
T h is t y p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y ta k e th e m a j o r p a r t o f th is w o r k e r 's t im e w h ile at
s w itc h b o a r d .
OPERATOR

U s e s a ty p e w r ite r to m a k e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m
t io n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o th e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p l i c a t i n g p r o c e s s e s . M a y d o c l e r i c a l
a s k e e p in g s im p le r e c o r d s , f il in g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s ,

a t e r ia ls o r to m a k e ou t b ills a fte r c a lc u la ­
t y p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
w o r k in v o lv in g lit t le s p e c i a l t r a in in g , su ch
o r s o r t in g a n d d is t r ib u t in g in c o m i n g m a il .

C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f t h e f o l l o w i n g : T y p i n g m a t e r i a l in f i n a l f o r m w h e n
it i n v o l v e s c o m b i n i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g ,
s y ll a b ic a t i o n , p u n c tu a tio n , e t c . , o f t e c h n ic a l o r u n u su a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e ­
r i a l ; o r p la n n in g l a y o u t a n d t y p i n g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s t o m a i n t a i n u n i f o r m i t y
a n d b a l a n c e in s p a c i n g . M a y t y p e r o u t i n e f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y i n g d e t a i l s t o s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .

( E l e c t r i c A c c o u n t in g M a c h in e O p e r a t o r )

O p e r a t e s o n e o r a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s s u ch a s th e ta b u la t o r , c a lc u l a t o r , c o ll a t o r , in t e r ­
p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g p u n c h , e t c . E x c lu d e d f r o m th is d e fin it io n a r e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s .
A ls o e x c lu d e d a r e o p e r a t o r s o f e l e c t r o n i c d ig it a l c o m p u t e r s , e v e n th o u g h th e y m a y a ls o o p e r a t e
EAM

GENERAL

T Y P IS T

whe

O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T

T A B U L A T I N G -M A C H I N E

OPERATOR,

P r i m a r y d u ty is to t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u l a r y f r o m
tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a ls o t y p e f r o m w r it t e n c o p y a n d d o s im p le c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r ib in g d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a liz e d v o c a b u la r y su ch a s
le g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e n o t in c lu d e d .
A w o r k e r w h o ta k e s d ic t a t io n
in s h o r t h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h i n e i s c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r .

C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o ll o w in g :
C o p y t y p in g f r o m
rough
d r a f t s ; o r r o u t i n e t y p in g o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ; o r s e t t i n g u p s i m p l e
ta b u la tio n s ; o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x t a b le s a lr e a d y s e t u p and s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

e q u ip m e n t .

o r c le a r
sta n d a rd

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
COM PUTER

COM PUTER

OPERATOR

M o n it o r s an d o p e r a t e s th e c o n t r o l c o n s o le o f a d ig it a l c o m p u t e r to p r o c e s s d a ta a c c o r d in g
to o p e r a t in g in s t r u c t io n s , u s u a lly p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m m e r . W o r k in c lu d e s m o s t o f th e f o ll o w in g :
S t u d i e s i n s t r u c t i o n s t o d e t e r m i n e e q u i p m e n t s e t u p a n d o p e r a t i o n s ; l o a d s e q u i p m e n t w it h r e q u i r e d
i t e m s (t a p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w it c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i lia r y e q u ip m e n t in t o c i r c u i t , an d s t a r t s
a n d o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d ju s t m e n t s t o c o m p u t e r to c o r r e c t o p e r a t in g p r o b le m s an d m e e t
s p e c i a l c o n d it io n s : r e v i e w s e r r o r s m a d e d u r in g o p e r a t io n a n d d e t e r m in e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b le m
t o s u p e r v i s o r o r p r o g r a m m e r ; a n d m a i n t a i n s o p e r a t i n g r e c o r d s . M a y t e s t a n d a s s i s t in c o r r e c t i n g
p rogram .
F or

w age

stu d y

pu rposes,

co m p u ter

op era tors

are

c la s s ifie d

as

C la s s B .
O p e r a t e s i n d e p e n d e n t l y , o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a c o m p u t e r r u n n in g
p r o g r a m s w it h m o s t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s : M o s t o f t h e p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b l i s h e d
p r o d u c t io n r u n s , t y p ic a lly ru n o n a r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is : t h e r e is lit t le o r n o te s tin g




o f n e w p r o g r a m s r e q u i r e d ; a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v i d e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m n e e d s
m a j o r c h a n g e o r c a n n o t b e c o r r e c t e d w it h i n a r e a s o n a b l e t i m e .
In c o m m o n e r r o r s i t u a ­
t io n s , d ia g n o s e s c a u s e and t a k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c t io n . T h is u s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p ly in g p r e v io u s ly
p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u s in g s t a n d a r d c o r r e c t i o n t e c h n iq u e s .
OR
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v i s i o n a c o m p u t e r r u n n in g p r o g r a m s o r s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s
w it h t h e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A . M a y a s s i s t a h i g h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r b y i n d e ­
p e n d e n tly p e r f o r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d , an d p e r f o r m in g d iffic u lt t a s k s fo llo w in g
d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d w it h f r e q u e n t r e v i e w o f o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d .

fo llo w s :

C la s s A .
O p e r a t e s i n d e p e n d e n t l y , o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a c o m p u t e r r u n n in g
p r o g r a m s w it h m o s t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
N ew p r o g r a m s a r e fr e q u e n tly te s t e d
a n d i n t r o d u c e d : s c h e d u lin g r e q u ir e m e n t s a r e o f c r i t i c a l im p o r t a n c e to m in i m iz e d o w n tim e ;
t h e p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p l e x d e s i g n s o th a t i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o f t e n r e q u i r e s a
w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f th e t o t a l p r o g r a m , an d a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y n o t b e a v a i la b l e . M a y
g iv e d ir e c t io n and g u id a n ce to lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s .

O P E R A T O R — C o n t in u e d

C la s s C .
W o r k s o n r o u t in e p r o g r a m s u n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v is io n .
Is e x p e c t e d to d e v e lo p
w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f t h e c o m p u t e r e q u i p m e n t u s e d a n d a b i l i t y t o d e t e c t p r o b l e m s i n v o l v e d in
r u n n in g r o u t i n e p r o g r a m s . U s u a l l y h a s r e c e i v e d s o m e f o r m a l t r a i n i n g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t i o n .
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r le v e l o p e r a t o r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
COM PUTER

PROGRAM M ER,

B U S IN E S S

C o n v e r t s s t a t e m e n t s o f b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p i c a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a s y s t e m s a n a ly s t , in t o .a
s e q u e n c e o f d e t a ile d i n s t r u c t io n s w h ic h a r e r e q u i r e d t o s o l v e th e p r o b le m s b y a u t o m a t ic d a ta p r o c ­
e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t . W o r k in g f r o m c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s th e p r e c i s e i n ­
s t r u c t i o n s w h i c h , w h e n e n t e r e d in t o t h e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d l a n g u a g e , c a u s e t h e m a n i p u l a t i o n

28

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS— C o n tin u ed

CO M PU TE R SYSTEM S A N A L Y ST ,

o f d a ta t o a c h ie v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : A p p lie s k n o w le d g e o f
c o m p u t e r c a p a b ili t ie s , m a t h e m a t ic s , lo g i c e m p lo y e d b y c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t ic u la r s u b je c t m a t t e r
in v o lv e d t o a n a ly z e c h a r t s a n d d ia g r a m s o f th e p r o b l e m t o b e p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s s e q u e n c e
o f p r o g r a m s t e p s ; w r i t e s d e t a i l e d f l o w c h a r t s t o s h o w o r d e r in w h i c h d a ta w i l l b e p r o c e s s e d ;
c o n v e r t s th e s e c h a r t s t o c o d e d in s t r u c t io n s f o r m a c h in e t o fo llo w ; t e s t s an d c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ;
p r e p a r e s in s t r u c t io n s f o r o p e r a t in g p e r s o n n e l d u r in g p r o d u c t i o n ru n ; a n a ly z e s , r e v i e w s , a n d a lt e r s
p r o g r a m s t o i n c r e a s e o p e r a t in g e f f i c i e n c y o r a d a p t t o n e w r e q u ir e m e n t s ; m a in t a in s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t a n d r e v i s i o n s .
(N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o t h s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s a n d p r o ­
g r a m m i n g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s i f t h is is th e s k i l l u s e d t o d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)

M a y p r o v id e
a s s is t.

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

program m ers

are

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h ic h
r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in a l l p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m m i n g c o n c e p t s a n d p r a c t i c e s .
W o r k in g f r o m d ia ­
g r a m s a n d c h a r t s w h ic h id e n t ify th e n a t u r e o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a jo r p r o c e s s i n g s t e p s t o b e
a c c o m p l i s h e d , an d th e r e la t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n v a r i o u s s t e p s o f th e p r o b l e m s o lv in g r o u t in e ;
p la n s t h e f u l l r a n g e o f p r o g r a m m i n g a c t i o n s n e e d e d t o e f f i c i e n t l y u t i l i z e t h e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m
in a c h i e v i n g d e s i r e d e n d p r o d u c t s .

le v e l p r o g r a m m e r s

who are

in s t r u c t

lo w e r

D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r il y r e s p o n s ib le f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n
o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a t a p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w it h
s c ie n t if i c o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b le m s .
sy ste m s

a n a ly s t s

are

c la s s ifie d

as

a re

a s s ig n e d to

C l a s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a i l d r a w i n g s o f s i n g l e u n it s o r p a r t s f o r e n g i n e e r i n g , c o n s t r u c t i o n ,
m a n u fa c t u r in g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o je c t i o n s
( d e p i c t i n g t h r e e d i m e n s i o n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v i e w s t o c l a r i f y p o s i t i o n i n g o f
c o m p o n e n t s an d c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a t io n . C o n s o lid a t e s d e t a ils f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
a n d a d ju s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u ir e d .
S u g g e s te d m e th o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v i c e o n s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g i v e n w it h i n i t i a l a s s i g n m e n t s . I n s t r u c t i o n s
a r e le s s c o m p le te w h en a s s ig n m e n ts r e c u r .
W o r k m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
DRAFTSM AN- TRACER
C o p ie s p la n s an d d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p la c in g t r a c in g c lo t h o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w i n g s a n d t r a c i n g w it h p e n o r p e n c i l .
( D o e s n o t i n c l u d e t r a c i n g l i m i t e d t o p la n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s is t in g o f s tr a ig h t lin e s an d a la r g e s c a le n ot r e q u ir in g c l o s e d e lin e a t io n .)
A N D /O R
P r e p a r e s s im p le
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
E L E C T R O N IC S

or

r e p e titiv e

d r a w in g s

o f e a s ily

v is u a liz e d

ite m s .

W ork

is

c lo s e ly

s u p e r v is e d

T E C H N IC IA N

fo llo w s :

C la s s A .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s i n ­
v o lv in g a ll p h a s e s o f s y s t e m a n a ly s is .
P r o b le m s a r e c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d iv e r s e s o u r c e s o f
in p u t d a t a a n d m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f o u tp u t d a t a . ( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s a n i n t e g r a t e d
p r o d u c t i o n s c h e d u l i n g , i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , a n d s a l e s a n a l y s i s r e c o r d in w h i c h




who

C la s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n r o u t in e a n d c o m p l e x d r a ft in g a s s i g n m e n t s th a t r e q u ir e th e a p p l i­
c a t io n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d iz e d d r a w in g t e c h n iq u e s r e g u la r ly u s e d .
D u t ie s t y p i c a l l y i n ­
v o lv e su ch w ork a s:
P r e p a r e s w o r k i n g d r a w i n g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w it h i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u ltip le fu n c t io n s , an d p r e c is e p o s it io n a l r e la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n ts ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i­
t e c t u r a l d r a w i n g s f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a b u i l d i n g in c l u d i n g d e t a i l d r a w i n g s o f f o u n d a t i o n s , w a ll
s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p l a n s , a n d r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s a n d m a n u a l s in m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u t a t io n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n t it ie s o f m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s tr e s s e s , e tc.
R e c e iv e s in it ia l in s t r u c t io n s , r e q u ir e m e n t s , an d a d v ic e f r o m
s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le t e d w o r k is c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .

le v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .

A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b le m s t o fo r m u la t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g th e m b y u s e o f e le c t r o n i c
d a ta p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t .
D e v e lo p s a c o m p le t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f a l l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d t o e n a b le
program m ers
to p r e p a r e r e q u ir e d
d ig it a l c o m p u t e r
p rogram s.
W ork
in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e
fo llo w in g :
A n a ly z e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t io n s t o b e a u to m a te d a n d id e n t ifie s c o n d it io n s an d
c r it e r i a r e q u ir e d to a c h ie v e s a t is fa c t o r y r e s u lts ; s p e c ifie s n u m b e r an d ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and
d o c u m e n t s t o b e u s e d ; o u t l i n e s a c t i o n s t o b e p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l a n d c o m p u t e r s in s u f f i c i e n t
d e t a i l f o r p r e s e n t a t i o n t o m a n a g e m e n t a n d f o r p r o g r a m m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y t h is i n v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f
w o r k a n d d a t a f l o w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s t h e d e v e l o p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s a n d p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l
r u n s o f n e w a n d r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; a n d r e c o m m e n d s e q u i p m e n t c h a n g e s t o o b t a in m o r e e f f e c t i v e
o v e r a ll o p e r a tio n s .
( N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o t h s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s a n d p r o g r a m m i n g s h o u ld
b e c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts i f th is i s th e s k il l u s e d t o d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

a n a ly s ts

C la s s A .
P la n s th e g r a p h ic p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p l e x it e m s h a v in g d is t in c t iv e d e s ig n
f e a t u r e s t h a t d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t i n g p r e c e d e n t s . W o r k s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w it h t h e d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r , a n d m a y r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e s i g n c h a n g e s .
A n a ly z e s th e
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e on th e d e t a ils o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , an d p o s it io n a l r e la t io n s h ip s o f c o m ­
p on en ts and p a r ts .
W o r k s w it h a m i n i m u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le t e d w o r k is
r e v i e w e d b y d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w it h p r i o r e n g i n e e r i n g d e t e r m i n a t i o n s .
M ay
e it h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d ir e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t io n b y lo w e r le v e l d r a ft s m e n .

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U S IN E S S

w age

sy stem s

DRAFTSM AN

C la s s C .
M a k e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a t io n s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t ic e s a n d c o n c e p t s u s u a lly
l e a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a i n i n g c o u r s e s .
A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s i g n e d t o d e v e l o p c o m p e t e n c e in t h e
a p p lic a t io n o f s t a n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s t o r o u t in e p r o b l e m s .
R e c e iv e s c lo s e s u p e r v is io n on n ew
a s p e c t s o f a s s i g n m e n t s ; a n d w o r k i s r e v i e w e d t o v e r i f y i t s a c c u r a c y a n d c o n f o r m a n c e w it h
r e q u ir e d p r o c e d u r e s .

F or

le v e l

C la s s C . W o r k s u n d e r im m e d ia t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g ou t a n a ly s e s a s a s s i g n e d , u s u a lly
o f a s in g le a c t iv it y .
A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p and exp a n d p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e
in th e a p p l ic a t io n o f p r o c e d u r e s a n d s k il ls r e q u ir e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a ly s i s w o r k . F o r e x a m p le ,
m a y a s s i s t a h ig h e r le v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly s t b y p r e p a r i n g th e d e t a ile d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u ir e d
b y p r o g r a m m e r s f r o m in f o r m a t i o n d e v e lo p e d b y th e h ig h e r le v e l a n a ly s t .

OR

or

lo w e r

OR

W o r k s o n c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A ) u n d e r c l o s e d i r e c t i o n o f a h i g h e r
le v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r b y in d e p e n d e n tly p e r ­
fo r m in g l e s s d iffic u lt t a s k s a s s ig n e d , an d p e r f o r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt ta s k s u n d e r fa ir l y c lo s e
d ir e c tio n .
g u id e

to

a s sig n e d t o a s s is t .

C la s s B .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on r e l a t i v e l y s im p le
p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le s e g m e n t s o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a lly
p r o c e s s i n f o r m a t i o n t o p r o d u c e d a t a in t w o o r t h r e e v a r i e d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s .
R ep orts
an d li s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y r e fin i n g , a d a p tin g , a r r a y i n g , o r m a k in g m in o r a d d it io n s t o o r
d e l e t i o n s f r o m in p u t d a ta w h i c h a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e
p r o c e s s e d , t h e d a t a h a v e b e e n r e f i n e d in p r i o r a c t i o n s s o t h a t t h e a c c u r a c y a n d s e q u e n c i n g
o f d a ta c a n b e t e s t e d b y u s in g a fe w r o u tin e c h e c k s .
T y p i c a l l y , t h e p r o g r a m d e a l s w it h
r o u tin e r e c o r d - k e e p i n g t y p e o p e r a t io n s .

M ay

d ir e c t io n

W o r k s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p le x d a ta p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m , a s d e s c r i b e d f o r
c l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t l y o n r o u t i n e a s s i g n m e n t s a n d r e c e i v e s i n s t r u c t i o n a n d g u i d a n c e
on c o m p le x a s sig n m e n ts .
W o r k i s r e v i e w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f j u d g m e n t , c o m p l i a n c e w it h
i n s t r u c t i o n s , a n d t o i n s u r e p r o p e r a l i g n m e n t w it h t h e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .

A t t h is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m in g is d if f ic u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t m u s t b e o r g a n i z e d to
p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in t e r r e l a t e d bu t d iv e r s e p r o d u c t s f r o m n u m e r o u s an d d iv e r s e d a ta e le m e n t s .
A w id e v a r i e t y a n d e x t e n s iv e n u m b e r o f in t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g a c t io n s m u s t o c c u r . T h is r e q u ir e s
s u c h a c t io n s a s d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t io n s w h ic h c a n b e r e u s e d , e s t a b lis h m e n t o f
l i n k a g e p o i n t s b e t w e e n o p e r a t i o n s , a d j u s t m e n t s t o d a ta w h e n p r o g r a m r e q u i r e m e n t s e x c e e d
c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c it y , a n d s u b s t a n t ia l m a n ip u la t io n a n d r e s e q u e n c in g o f d a ta e le m e n t s
t o f o r m a h ig h ly in t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .
M a y p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l d ir e c t io n t o lo w e r

fu n c tio n a l

C la s s B .
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l , d i r e c t i o n o n p r o b l e m s th a t a r e
r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p lic a t e d t o a n a ly z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , an d o p e r a t e . P r o b l e m s a r e o f li m it e d
c o m p l e x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f in p u t d a t a a r e h o m o g e n e o u s a n d t h e o u t p u t d a t a a r e c l o s e l y
r e la te d .
( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in t a in in g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n t s in a b a n k ,
m a in t a in in g a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b lis h m e n t , o r m a in ta in in g in v e n t o r y a c c o u n t s
in a m a n u f a c t u r i n g o r w h o l e s a l e e s t a b l i s h m e n t . ) C o n f e r s w it h p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o d e t e r m i n e
th e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b le m s an d a d v is e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l o n th e im p lic a t io n s o f th e
d a ta p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s to b e a p p lie d .

D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f
o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a t a p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w it h s c i e n t i f i c
a n d /o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b le m s .
F o r w age

BUSINESS— C o n tin u ed

e v e r y it e m o f e a c h ty p e is a u t o m a t ic a lly p r o c e s s e d th r o u g h th e f u ll s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s an d
a p p r o p r i a t e f o l l o w u p a c t i o n s a r e i n i t i a t e d b y t h e c o m p u t e r . ) C o n f e r s w it h p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o
d e t e r m in e th e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b le m s an d a d v is e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e im p li c a ­
t io n s o f n e w o r r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f d a ta p r o c e s s in g o p e r a t io n s . M a k e s r e c o m m e n d a t io n s , if
n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s in s t a ll a t io n s o r c h a n g e s a n d f o r o b ta in in g e q u ip m e n t.

W o r k s o n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t a n d r e la t e d d e v i c e s b y p e r f o r m in g o n e
o r a c o m b in a t i o n o f th e f o ll o w in g : I n s t a llin g , m a in t a in in g , r e p a ir in g , o v e r h a u l in g , t r o u b le s h o o t in g ,
m o d ify in g , c o n s t r u c t in g , an d t e s t in g . W o rk r e q u ir e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a t io n o f t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e
o f e l e c t r o n i c s p r i n c i p l e s , a b i l i t y t o d e t e r m i n e m a l f u n c t i o n s , a n d s k i l l t o p u t e q u i p m e n t in r e q u i r e d
o p e r a t in g c o n d it io n .

29

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — C o n tin u ed

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — C on tin u ed

T h e e q u ip m e n t — c o n s i s t i n g o f e it h e r m a n y d if f e r e n t k in d s o f c ir c u i t s o r m u lt i p l e r e p e t it io n
o f th e s a m e k in d o f c i r c u i t — i n c l u d e s , b u t is n o t li m it e d t o , th e fo ll o w in g : (a ) E l e c t r o n i c t r a n s ­
m it t in g a n d r e c e i v i n g e q u ip m e n t ( e . g . , r a d a r , r a d io , t e l e v i s i o n , t e le p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v ig a t io n a l
a i d s ) , (b ) d ig i t a l a n d a n a lo g c o m p u t e r s , a n d ( c ) in d u s t r ia l a n d m e d i c a l m e a s u r in g a n d c o n t r o ll in g
e q u ip m e n t.

R e c e iv e s t e c h n ic a l g u id a n c e , a s r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r le v e l t e c h n ic ia n ,
a n d w o r k i s r e v i e w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p l i a n c e w it h a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s a n d w o r k a s s i g n m e n t s .
M a y p r o v id e t e c h n ic a l g u id a n c e to lo w e r le v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .
C la s s C .
A p p l i e s w o r k i n g t e c h n i c a l k n o w l e d g e t o p e r f o r m s i m p l e o r r o u t i n e t a s k s in
w o r k in g o n e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t , f o ll o w in g d e t a ile d i n s t r u c t io n s w h ic h c o v e r v i r t u a lly a ll
procedu res.
W o rk t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s s u ch ta s k s a s :
A s s is t in g h ig h e r le v e l te c h n ic ia n s b y
p e r f o r m in g s u c h a c t iv it ie s a s r e p la c in g c o m p o n e n t s , w ir in g c i r c u i t s , a n d ta k in g t e s t r e a d in g s ;
r e p a ir in g s im p le e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t ; a n d u s in g t o o l s a n d c o m m o n t e s t in s t r u m e n t s ( e . g . ,
m u l t i m e t e r s , a u d io s ig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tu b e t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) .
Is n o t r e q u ir e d t o b e
f a m i l i a r w it h t h e i n t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s . T h i s k n o w l e d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y b e a c q u i r e d
t h r o u g h a s s i g n m e n t s d e s i g n e d t o i n c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e ( in c lu d in g c l a s s r o o m t r a in in g ) s o th a t
w o r k e r ca n a d v a n c e t o h ig h e r le v e l t e c h n ic ia n .

T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c l u d e s r e p a ir m e n o f s u c h s t a n d a r d e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t a s c o m m o n
o f f i c e m a c h in e s a n d h o u s e h o ld r a d io an d t e le v is io n s e t s ; p r o d u c t io n a s s e m b l e r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k ­
e r s w h o s e p r im a r y d u ty i s s e r v i c i n g e l e c t r o n i c t e s t in s t r u m e n t s ; t e c h n ic ia n s w h o h a v e a d m in is ­
t r a tiv e o r s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y ; and d r a fts m e n ,
d e s i g n e r s , and p r o fe s s io n a l e n g in e e r s .
P o s itio n s

are

c la s s ifie d

in t o

le v e ls

on th e

b a s is

o f th e

fo llo w in g

d e fin itio n s .

C la s s A .
A p p l ie s a d v a n c e d t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o l v e u n u s u a lly c o m p l e x p r o b le m s
( i . e . , t h o s e th a t t y p i c a l l y c a n n o t b e s o lv e d s o l e l y b y r e f e r e n c e to m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a ls o r
s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k i n g o n e l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t . E x a m p l e s o f s u c h p r o b l e m s i n c l u d e
lo c a t io n an d d e n s it y o f c i r c u i t r y , e le c t r o - m a g n e t ic r a d ia t io n , is o la t in g m a lfu n c t io n s , and
f r e q u e n t e n g i n e e r in g c h a n g e s . W o r k in v o lv e s : A d e t a ile d u n d e r s ta n d in g o f th e i n t e r r e l a t i o n ­
s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g in d e p e n d e n t ju d g m e n t in p e r f o r m i n g s u c h t a s k s a s m a k in g c i r c u i t
a n a ly s e s , c a lc u l a t in g w a v e f o r m s , t r a c in g r e la t i o n s h i p s in s ig n a l f lo w ; an d r e g u l a r l y u s in g
c o m p l e x t e s t in s t r u m e n t s ( e . g . , d u a l t r a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia t io n m e t e r s , p u ls e
g e n e r a to r s ).
W o r k m a y b e r e v ie w e d b y s u p e r v is o r (fr e q u e n t ly an e n g in e e r o r d e s ig n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l
c o m p l i a n c e w it h a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s . M a y p r o v i d e t e c h n i c a l g u i d a n c e t o l o w e r l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n s .
C la s s B .
A p p lie s c o m p r e h e n s iv e t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e t o s o lv e c o m p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e . ,
t h o s e th a t t y p i c a l l y c a n b e s o lv e d s o l e l y b y p r o p e r l y in t e r p r e t in g m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a ls o r
s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k i n g o n e l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s :
A f a m i l i a r i t y w ith
t h e i n t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s ; a n d j u d g m e n t i n d e t e r m i n i n g w o r k s e q u e n c e a n d in s e l e c t i n g
t o o l s an d t e s t in g in s t r u m e n t s , u s u a lly le s s c o m p le x th a n th o s e u s e d b y th e c la s s A t e c h n ic ia n .

R e c e iv e s t e c h n ic a l g u id a n c e , a s r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r le v e l t e c h n ic ia n .
W o rk is t y p ic a lly s p o t c h e c k e d , but is g iv e n d e t a ile d r e v ie w w h en n e w o r a d v a n c e d a s s ig n m e n t s
a r e in v o lv e d .

N U RSE,

IN D U S T R IA L

(R e g iste r e d )

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g iv e s n u r s in g s e r v ic e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ir e c t io n to i l l o r
in ju r e d e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r s u ffe r an a c c id e n t o n th e p r e m is e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u t ie s i n v o l v e a c o m b i n a t i o n o f t h e f o l l o w i n g :
G i v i n g f i r s t a id
t o t h e i l l o r i n j u r e d ; a t t e n d in g t o s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p i n g r e c o r d s
o f p a t i e n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c i d e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t i o n o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t i o n s a n d h e a l t h e v a l u a t i o n s o f a p p l i c a n t s a n d e m p l o y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g a n d c a r r y ­
i n g - o u t p r o g r a m s i n v o l v i n g h e a l t h e d u c a t i o n , a c c i d e n t p r e v e n t i o n , e v a l u a t i o n o f p la n t e n v i r o n m e n t ,
o r o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t in g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , a n d s a f e t y o f a ll p e r s o n n e l . N u r s in g s u p e r v i s o r s
o r h e a d n u r s e s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y i n g m o r e th a n o n e n u r s e a r e e x c l u d e d .

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s t h e c a r p e n t r y d u t i e s n e c e s s a r y t o c o n s t r u c t a n d m a i n t a i n in g o o d r e p a i r b u i l d ­
in g w o o d w o r k a n d e q u i p m e n t s u c h a s b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s ,
s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g a n d la y in g o u t o f w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t io n s ; u s in g a
v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o l s , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , a n d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; m a k ­
in g s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t i n g t o d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; a n d s e le c t in g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s s a r y
f o r th e w o r k .
In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f t h e m a i n t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d
e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e f u n c tio n s s u c h a s th e in s t a lla t io n , m a in t e n a n c e , o r
r e p a i r o f e q u i p m e n t f o r t h e g e n e r a t i o n ; d i s t r i b u t i o n , o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in a n e s t a b ­
li s h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : I n s t a llin g o r r e p a ir in g a n y o f a v a r i e t y o f e l e c ­
t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w it c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k e r s ,
m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n it s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k in g f r o m b lu e ­
p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , l a y o u t s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g a n d d i a g n o s i n g t r o u b l e in t h e e l e c t r i c a l
s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k in g s ta n d a r d c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t i n g t o lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s o f w ir i n g o r
e l e c t r i c a l e q u i p m e n t ; a n d u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d t o o l s a n d m e a s u r i n g a n d t e s t i n g
in s t r u m e n t s .
In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f t h e m a i n t e n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d
e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O p e r a t e s an d m a in ta in s an d m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e th e o p e r a t io n o f s t a t io n a r y e n g in e s and
e q u i p m e n t ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) t o s u p p l y t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t i n w h i c h e m p l o y e d w it h p o w e r ,
h e a t, r e fr ig e r a t io n , o r a ir -c o n d it io n in g .
W o rk in v o lv e s :
O p e r a t in g a n d m a in t a in in g e q u ip m e n t
s u c h a s s t e a m e n g i n e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n t i l a t i n g an<} r e f r i g ­
e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; an d
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d fu e l c o n s u m p t io n . M a y a ls o s u ­
p e r v is e th e s e o p e r a tio n s .
H e a d o r c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y i n g m o r e th a n o n e
e n g in e e r a r e e x c lu d e d .




F IR E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y

B O IL E R

F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s t o f u r n i s h t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t i n w h i c h e m p l o y e d w it h h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r s t e a m . F e e d s fu e ls t o f ir e b y h a n d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; an d
c h e c k s w a te r and s a fe ty v a lv e s .
M a y c le a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t .

HELPER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

TRADES

A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k il le d m a in t e n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u t i e s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u c h a s k e e p i n g a w o r k e r s u p p l i e d w it h m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c le a n i n g w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e , a n d e q u ip m e n t ; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o ls ; an d p e r f o r m in g o t h e r u n s k ille d ta s k s a s d ir e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o r k th e
h e l p e r i s p e r m i t t e d t o p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e t o t r a d e : In s o m e t r a d e s t h e h e l p e r i s c o n f i n e d
t o s u p p l y i n g , l i f t i n g , a n d h o l d i n g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s , a n d c l e a n i n g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; a n d in o t h e r s
h e is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m
s p e c i a liz e d m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s , o r p a r t s o f a tr a d e th a t a r e a ls o
p e r fo r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a fu ll-t im e b a s is .

M A C H I N E -T O O L

OPERATOR,

TOOLROOM

S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t io n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s , s u c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y lin d r ic a l o r s u r fa c e g r in d e r s ,
e n g in e la t h e s ,
o r m i l l i n g m a c h i n e s , in t h e c o n s t r u c t i o n o f
m a c h i n e - s h o p t o o l s , g a u g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g : P la n n i n g
an d p e r f o r m in g d iffic u lt m a c h in in g o p e r a t io n s ; p r o c e s s in g it e m s r e q u ir in g c o m p lic a t e d s e tu p s o r
a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o l i n g , a n d o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t io n
to a c h ie v e r e q u is it e t o le r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s .
M a y b e r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e w h en t o o ls n e e d
d r e s s i n g , t o d r e s s t o o l s , a n d t o s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s a n d c u ttin g a n d l u b r i c a t in g o i l s .
F or
c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in t o o l a n d d i e j o b b i n g
s h o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th is c la s s if ic a t i o n .
M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s a n d n e w p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ic a l
e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in a n e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : I n t e r p r e t i n g w r it t e n
i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n i n g a n d l a y i n g o u t o f w o r k ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t ' s

30

M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E — C on tin u ed

P A I N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

h a n d t o o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t in g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e t o o l s ;
s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s t o c l o s e t o le r a n c e s ; m a k in g s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g t o d im e n ­
s io n s o f w o r k , t o o li n g , f e e d s , an d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f
t h e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u i p m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r h is w o r k ;
a n d fit t in g a n d a s s e m b l in g p a r t s in t o m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t .
In g e n e r a l , t h e m a c h i n i s t ' s w o r k
n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g , a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

P a in ts a n d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , a n d fix t u r e s o f a n e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s
t h e f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l e d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u i r e d f o r d i f f e r e n t a p p l i c a ­
t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a i n t i n g b y r e m o v i n g o l d f i n i s h o r b y p l a c i n g p u t t y o r f i l l e r in n a i l
h o l e s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p l y i n g p a in t w it h s p r a y g u n o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s , o i l s , w h it e
l e a d , a n d o t h e r p a in t i n g r e d i e n t s t o o b t a i n p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n s i s t e n c y . In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f t h e
m a in t e n a n c e p a in t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E

R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , an d t r a c t o r s o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in ­
v o l v e s m o e t o f t h e j t o l l o w i n g : E x a m in in g a u t o m o t iv e e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d i s ­
a s s e m b l in g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t i n v o lv e th e u s e o f s u c h h a n d t o o ls a s w r e n c h e s ,
g a u g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d is a s s e m b l i n g o r fit t in g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r
d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g a n d a d ju s t in g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d in s t a llin g th e v a r i o u s
a s s e m b l i e s in t h e v e h i c l e a n d m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s ; a n d a l i g n i n g w h e e l s , a d j u s t i n g b r a k e s
a n d l i g h t s , o r t i g h t e n i n g b o d y b o l t s . In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f t h e a u t o m o t i v e m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e .

m o b ile

T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
r e p a ir sh o p s .

M A IN T E N A N C E

(M a in te n a n c e )

does

n o t in c lu d e

m e c h a n ic s

w ho

r e p a ir

cu stom ers'

I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r t y p e s o f p i p e a n d p i p e f i t t i n g s in a n
e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : L a y in g ou t o f w o r k a n d m e a s u r in g t o lo c a t e
p o s i t i o n o f p i p e f r o m d r a w i n g s o r o t h e r w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u t t in g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p i p e t o
c o r r e c t le n g t h s w it h c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t i n g m a c h i n e s ; t h r e a d i n g
p ip e w it h s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d i n g p i p e b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
p i p e w it h c o u p l i n g s a n d f a s t e n i n g p i p e t o h a n g e r s ; m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o
p r e s s u r e s , f lo w , a n d s i z e o f p ip e r e q u ir e d ; an d m a k in g s ta n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m in e w h e th e r f i n ­
is h e d p ip e s m e e t s p e c i f ic a t io n s .
In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f t h e m a i n t e n a n c e p i p e f i t t e r r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in i n s t a l l i n g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u i l d i n g s a n i t a t i o n
o r h e a t in g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .

v e h i c l e s in a u t o ­
S H E E T -M E T A L

M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e f o llo w in g :
E x a m in in g m a c h in e s an d m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t t o d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d i s m a n t l i n g o r p a r t l y d i s m a n t l i n g m a c h i n e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t m a i n l y i n v o l v e t h e u s e
o f h a n d t o o l s in s c r a p i n g a n d f i t t i n g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w it h i t e m s o b t a i n e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g t h e p r o d u c t i o n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h i n e s h o p o r s e n d i n g o f th e
m a c h in e to a m a c h in e sh o p f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s ; p r e p a r in g w r it t e n s p e c ific a t io n s f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c t io n o f p a r ts o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e s h o p ; r e a s s e m b l in g m a c h in e s ; an d m a k in g
a l l n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t i o n . In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f a m a i n t e n a n c e m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a in in g an d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u t i e s
i n v o l v e s e t t i n g u p o r a d ju s t i n g m a c h i n e s .

M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a lls n e w m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t , a n d d is m a n t le s an d in s t a ll s m a c h in e s o r h e a v y
e q u i p m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s in t h e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n i n g a n d l a y i n g o u t o f t h e w o r k ; i n t e r p r e t i n g b l u e p r i n t s o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y
o f h a n d to o ls a n d r ig g in g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t i n g t o s t r e s s e s , s t r e n g t h o f
m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lig n in g a n d b a la n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t ; s e l e c t i n g s ta n d a r d t o o l s ,
e q u i p m e n t , a n d p a r t s t o b e u s e d ; a n d i n s t a l l i n g a n d m a i n t a i n i n g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n
e q u i p m e n t s u c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l , t h e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s
a r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in t h e t r a d e a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g an d e x p e r i e n c e .

W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a i n t a i n s in g o o d r e p a i r t h e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u i p m e n t a n d f i x t u r e s
(s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e lv e s , l o c k e r s , ta n k s , v e n t ila t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e t a l
r o o f in g ) o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o ll o w in g :
P la n n i n g a n d la y i n g o u t a l l
t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a i n t e n a n c e w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , m o d e l s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; s e t t in g
u p a n d o p e r a t i n g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k i n g m a c h i n e s ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d t o o ls
in c u t t i n g , b e n d i n g , f o r m i n g , s h a p i n g , f i t t i n g , a n d a s s e m b l i n g ; a n d i n s t a l l i n g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s
a s r e q u ir e d .
In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f t h e m a i n t e n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .
TOOL

AND

D IE

M AKER

C o n s t r u c t s an d r e p a ir s m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a u g e s , j i g s , fix t u r e s o r d ie s f o r fo r g in g s ,
p u n c h in g , a n d o t h e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o ll o w in g :
P la n n i n g a n d
la y in g o u t o f w o r k f r o m m o d e l s , b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , o r o t h e r o r a l a n d w r it t e n s p e c i f ic a t io n s ;
u s in g a v a r i e t y o f t o o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls an d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
s ta n d in g o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a ls an d a ll o y s ; s e ttin g up a n d o p e r a t in g o f
m a c h in e t o o l s a n d r e la t e d e q u ip m e n t; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g t o d im e n s io n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , a n d t o o li n g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t - t r e a t in g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g fa b r ic a t i o n
as w e ll as o f fin is h e d to o ls and d ie s
a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a lit ie s ; w o r k in g t o c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ;
fit t in g a n d a s s e m b l in g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s an d a ll o w a n c e s ; a n d s e le c t in g a p p r o p r ia t e
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , a n d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l , t h e t o o l a n d d i e m a k e r ' s w o r k r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d
t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p a n d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p
o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

sh ops

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

to o l and

d ie

m ak ers

in t o o l

a n d d ie j o b b i n g

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL M O VEM ENT
GUARD

AND

LABORER,

W ATCHM EN

A w
w h o s e d u t ie s
m e r c h a n d is e
o r p la c in g m
m e r c h a n d is e
e x clu d e d .

G u a r d . P e r f o r m s r o u t in e p o l i c e d u tie s , e it h e r a t f ix e d p o s t o r o n t o u r , m a in ta in in g o r d e r ,
u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y . I n c lu d e s g a t e m e n w h o a r e s t a t io n e d at g a te an d c h e c k
bn id e n tity o f e m p lo y e e s an d o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .
W a tch m a n .
th e ft]
J A N IT O R ,

and ille g a l

M akes

rou n d s o f p r e m is e s

p e r io d ic a lly

in p r o t e c t i n g

p rop erty

a g a in s t f i r e ,

e n try .

P O R TE R , OR

H A N D L IN G

o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t , s t o r e , o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t
i n v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g : L o a d in g a n d u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r ia l s and
o n o r f r o m f r e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g ,
a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t i n g m a t e r i a l s o r
b y h a n d t r u c k , c a r , o r w h e e l b a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o l o a d a n d u n lo a d s h i p s a r e

CLEANER
ORDER

C l e a n s a n d k e e p s in a n o r d e r l y c o n d i t i o n f a c t o r y w o r k i n g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f a n o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u t ie s i n v o l v e
a c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o ll o w in g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , an d p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g
c h ip s , t r a s h , a n d o t h e r r e f u s e ; d u s t in g e q u ip m e n t , fu r n it u r e , o r f ix t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l f i x ­
t u r e s o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p lie s a n d m in o r m a in t e n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; a n d c le a n i n g la v a t o r i e s ,
s h o w e r s , a n d r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w h o s p e c i a l i z e in w in d o w w a s h i n g a r e e x c l u d e d .




M A T E R IA L

F IL L E R

F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in i s h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w it h s p e c i f i c a t i o n s o n s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o t h e r i n s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d i t i o n
t o f i l l i n g o r d e r s a n d in d ic a t in g it e m s f i l l e d o r o m it t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u t g o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s it io n a d d itio n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p lie s to s u p e r v is o r , an d p e r f o r m o t h e r r e la t e d d u tie s .

31

P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G

T R U C K D R IV E R — C on tin u ed

P r e p a r e s f i n i s h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h i p m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c i n g t h e m in s h i p p i n g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u p o n th e t y p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r
o f u n it s t o b e p a c k e d , t h e t y p e o f c o n t a i n e r e m p l o y e d , a n d m e t h o d o f s h i p m e n t . W o r k r e q u i r e s
th e p la c in g o f it e m s in s h ip p in g c o n t a in e r s a n d m a y in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
K n o w l e d g e o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r t o v e r i f y c o n t e n t ; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e t y p e
a n d s i z e o f c o n t a i n e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s i n g e x c e l s i o r o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l t o
p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g a n d s e a lin g c o n t a in e r ; an d a p p ly in g la b e l s o r e n t e r in g
id e n tify in g d a ta o n c o n t a in e r .
P a c k e r s w h o a ls o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .
S H IP P IN G

AND

R E C E IV IN G

fo llo w s :

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c la s s ifie d by s iz e and ty p e
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld b e r a t e d o n th e b a s is o f t r a i l e r c a p a c it y .)
T r u c k d r iv e r (c o m b in a tio n o f s iz e s lis t e d s e p a r a t e ly )
T r u c k d r i v e r , l i g h t (u n d e r lV z t o n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d i u m ( I V 2 t o a n d in c l u d i n g 4 t o n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s , t r a il e r ty p e)
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o t h e r th a n t r a i l e r ty p e )

CLERK
TRUCKER,

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m e n t, o r r e c e iv e s a n d is r e s p o n s ib le f o r in c o m in g s h ip ­
m e n t s o f m e r c h a n d i s e o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l s . S h ip p i n g w o r k i n v o l v e s : A k n o w l e d g e o f s h i p p i n g p r o ­
c e d u r e s , p r a c t ic e s , r o u t e s , a v a ila b le m e a n s o f tr a n s p o r ta tio n , and r a te s ; and p r e p a r in g r e c o r d s
o f t h e g o o d s s h i p p e d , m a k i n g u p b i l l s o f l a d i n g , p o s t i n g w e i g h t a n d s h ip p i n g c h a r g e s , a n d k e e p i n g
a f il e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s .
M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g th e m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h ip m e n t .
R e c e i v i n g w o r k i n v o l v e s : V e r i f y i n g o r d i r e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y i n g t h e c o r r e c t n e s s o f s h i p m e n t s
a g a in s t b il ls o f la d in g , i n v o i c e s , o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k i n g f o r s h o r t a g e s a n d r e je c t i n g d a m ­
a g e d g o o d s ; r o u t in g m e r c h a n d i s e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; a n d m a in t a in in g n e c e s s a r y
r e c o r d s and file s .
F or

w age

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

w orkers

are

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :

POW ER

O p e r a t e s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t
g o o d s a n d m a t e r i a l s o f a ll k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t, o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c la s s if ie d by ty p e o f t r u c k ,
T ru cker,
T ru ck er,

as fo llo w s :

p o w e r (fo r k lift)
p o w e r (o t h e r th a n f o r k l if t )

W AREH O U SEM AN

R e c e iv in g c le r k
S h ip p i n g c l e r k
S h ip p i n g a n d r e c e i v i n g c l e r k
T R U C K D R IV E R
D r i v e s a t r u c k w it h i n a c i t y o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a t o t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e ,
e q u ip m e n t , o r m e n b e t w e e n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s s u c h a s : M a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t s , fr e ig h t
d e p o ts , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r b e tw e e n r e ta il e s ta b lis h m e n ts and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o l o a d o r u n l o a d t r u c k w it h o r w it h o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , a n d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k i n g o r d e r .
D r iv e r -s a l e s m e n and
o v e r -t h e -r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .




o f e q u ip m e n t, a s

32

A s d i r e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f w a r e h o u s in g d u t ie s w h ic h r e q u ir e an u n d e r s ta n d in g
o f t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's s t o r a g e p l a n .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o ll o w in g : V e r if y in g m a t e r ia l s
( o r m e r c h a n d i s e ) a g a i n s t r e c e i v i n g d o c u m e n t s , n o t in g a n d r e p o r t i n g d i s c r e p a n c i e s a n d o b v i o u s
d a m a g e s ; r o u t in g m a t e r i a l s t o p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n s ; s t o r in g , s t a c k in g , o r p a lle t i z in g
m a t e r i a l s i n a c c o r d a n c e w it h p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m e t h o d s ; r e a r r a n g i n g a n d t a k i n g i n v e n t o r y o f
s t o r e d m a t e r ia l s ; e x a m in in g s t o r e d m a t e r ia ls an d r e p o r t in g d e t e r io r a t io n an d d a m a g e ; r e m o v in g
m a te r ia l fr o m
s t o r a g e a n d p r e p a r i n g it f o r s h i p m e n t .
M a y o p e r a t e h a n d o r p o w e r t r u c k s in
p e r f o r m in g w a r e h o u s in g d u t ie s .
E x c l u d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y 'd u t i e s i n v o l v e s h ip p i n g a n d r e c e i v i n g w o r k ( s e e s h ip p i n g
a n d r e c e i v i n g c l e r k a n d p a c k e r , s h ip p in g ), o r d e r f il lin g ( s e e o r d e r f i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a t in g p o w e r
tr u c k s (s e e t r u c k e r , p o w e r ).

Area Wage Surveys
A li s t of the la te s t a v a ila b le b u lle tin s or b u lle tin su p p lem e n ts is p r e s e n te d b e lo w .
A d ir e c to r y of a r e a w age stu d ie s in clud ing m o r e lim ite d stu d ie s
con d u cted at the re q u e st of the E m p lo y m e n t S tan dards A d m in is tra tio n o f the D e p a rtm e n t of L a b o r is a v a ila b le on re q u e s t. B u lle tin s m a y be p u rch a se d fr o m any
of the B L S r e g io n a l o ffic e s shown on the b ack c o v e r , or f r o m the S up erintend ent of D o c u m e n ts , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P rin tin g O f fic e , W a sh in g to n , D .C ., 2 0 4 0 2 .
B u lle tin s u p p le m e n ts m a y be ob tain ed , w ithout c o s t , only fr o m B L S r e g io n a l o f f ic e s .
B u lle tin n u m b e r

B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r ic e

A rea

Suppl.
Suppl.

_________ ____

.

17*7 5 -82 ,

,

Apr

1973

.....................................................

35 cen ts
35 cen ts

1 7 9 5 -7 ,

65 cen ts
F ree
F ree
F re e

Suppl.
1 7 7 5 -8 1 ,
1 7 7 5 -6 6 ,
1 7 7 5 -7 7 ,
1 7 9 5 -3 ,
1 7 9 5 -1 7 ,
Suppl.

N Y

F ree
F ree
F re e
55 ce n ts
55 cen ts
50 cen ts

Suppl.
Suppl.

N ew Y o rk ,

___

F ree
F ree
70 cen ts
50 ce n ts

S up p l.
Suppl.
Suppl.
1 7 7 5 -9 2 ,
1 7 7 5 -4 5 ,
1 7 7 5 -9 6 ,

4 0 ce n ts

Suppl.
Suppl.
1 7 9 5 -1 5 ,
1 7 7 5 -9 4 ,

Suppl.

___

_

F ree

1 7 7 5 -8 7 ,
1 7 7 5 -8 5 ,

B eau m on t—P o r t A rth u r—O r a n g e , T e x ., M a y 1973 1 _____
B ir m in g h a m , A l a ., M a r . 1 9 7 4 ____

Suppl.

_
1 7 7 5 - 9 0 , 50 cen ts
...
1 7 7 5 - 7 9 ’ 4 0 cen ts
. ____ Suppl.
F ree

A tla n ta , G a ., M ay 1 9 7 3 _______ __________
. ______ _
A u stin , T e x ., D e c . 1 9 7 3_____ ___
__________________

F ree
F re e

F re e
4 0 cen ts
4 0 ce n ts
4 0 cen ts
55 cen ts
65 cents
F ree

1 7 7 5 -9 5 ,
Suppl.
1 7 7 5 -6 3 ,
Suppl.
1 7 7 5 -7 5 ,
Suppl.
1 7 9 5 -5 ,
1 7 7 5 -7 0 ,
1 7 7 5 -7 6 ,
1 7 7 5 -5 9 ,
Suppl.

50 cents
F ree
4 0 cents
F ree
50 ce n ts
F re e
60 cents
4 0 cen ts
4 0 cen ts
4 0 cen ts
F re e

N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B e a ch —P o r ts m o u th and
B u ffa lo ’,

N ,Y

, * O c t“ l9 7 3

.

.................
_

.

17*7*5-73,

4 0 cents

P r o v id e n c e —W arw ick —P a w tu c k e t, R . I . —M a s s . ,
M a y 1973
R a leig h , N .C .,

__

_ Suppl.

F ree

.

4 0 ce n ts

........................... ........
...........................................
D e c . 1973 1 _
.........
........................

17*7*5-72,
1 7 7 4 -8 9 ,

80

R ock ford,

Til , .Tune 1 9 7 3

_

_

__

' ...............’ ..............................

re n ts

F o r t L a u d e rd a le —H o lly w o od and W e s t P a lm
F o r t W o r th , T e x ., O c t. 1 9 7 3 -

_

___

_ _ _.______ Suppl.
_
F re e
Suppl,
F ree
1 7 7 5 - 8 8 , 4 0 ce n ts
........
1 7 7 5 -7 1 ’
50 re n ts
_______ 1 7 9 5 - 1 3 ’ 65 cen ts
Suppl.
F re e
„ 17*9*5-12, 65 ce n ts

. ,

L o s A n g e le s—L ong B e a c h and A n a h e im —S suit a A n a G arden G r o v e , C a li f ,, Oc.t, 1973

1 D a ta o n e s ta
 b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s


1 7 9 5 -4 ,
1 7 7 5 -9 3 ,
__ Suppl.

.

Suppl.
__ Suppl.
_ Suppl.
_
.„ „
Suppl,

and su p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p ro v is io n s are a ls o p resen ted .

80 ce n ts
50 ce n ts
F ree

F ree
F ree
F ree
F ree

T a m p a —S t , P e t e r s b u r g , F l a ,, A u g . 1 9 7 3 .
T o l e d o , O h i o —M i c h . , A p r, 1 9 7 3
T r e n to n , N..T , S ep t. 1 9 7 3 ..................

W ich ita ,

K a n s .,

A p r, 1 9 7 3 .....................................

...........................
..
.

.....................

Y o r k , P a ’ F e h . 1973 / ...... ............. .......................................... ...
Y ou n g stow n —W a r r e n , O h io , N o v . 1973 —

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

U .S. D E P A R T M E N T O F LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20212

LA B 441

OFFICIAL BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE $300

THIRD CLASS MAIL

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S
Region I
1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
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Region II
Suite 3400
1515 Broadway
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Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

Region V
8th Floor, 300 South Wacker Drive
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Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)
Illinois
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Region VI
1100 Commerce St. Rm. 6B7
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
Arkansas
Louisiana
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Texas




New Jersey
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Region lit
P.O. Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 597-1154 (Area Code 215)
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1371 Peachtree St. N.E.
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Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)
Alabama
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Regions VII and V III
Federal Office Building
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Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)
VII
V III
Iowa
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Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)
IX
X
Arizona
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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102