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f AREA WAGE SURVEY
A kro n , O hio, M e tro p o lita n A rea,
D ecem ber 1973
Bulletin 1795-10

SUMMIT




PORTAGE

Dayton & Montgomery Cc
Public Library

J U N 111974
DOCUMENT COLLECTION

U S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Rnrpau of Labor Statistics




ANNOUNCEM ENT
Beginning with the 1795 series, Area Wage Surveys will be
issued as bulletins (for sale) only every third year. These bulletins
will contain information on establishment practices and supplementary
benefits as well as earnings. In the interim years, supplements
containing data on earnings only will be issued free. Supplements
can be obtained from BLS Regional Offices listed on the back cover
of this publication.

Preface
This bulletin provides results of a December 1973 survey of occupational earnings
and supplementary wage benefits in the Akron, Ohio, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area
(Portage and Summit Counties). The survey was made as part of the Bureau of Labor Sta­
tistics' annual area wage survey program. The program is designed to yield data for in­
dividual metropolitan areas, as well as national and regional estimates for all Standard
Metropolitan Statistical Areas in the United States, excluding Alaska and Hawaii.
A major consideration in the area wage survey program is the need to describe the
level and movement of wages in a variety of labor markets, through the analysis of (l) the
level and distribution of wages by occupation, and (2) the movement of wages by occupational
category and skill level. The program develops information that may be used for many
purposes, including wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and assistance
in determining plant location. Survey results also are used by the U.S. Department of Labor
to make wage determinations under the Service Contract Act of 1965.
Currently, 94 areas are included in the program. (See list of areas on inside back
cover.) In each area, occupational earnings data are collected annually. Information on
establishment practices and supplementary wage benefits, collected every second year in the
past, is now obtained every third year. Results of the next two annual surveys, providing
earnings data only, will be issued as free supplements to this bulletin. The supplements
may be obtained from the Bureau's regional offices. (See back cover for addresses.)
Each year after all individual area wage surveys have been completed, two sum­
mary bulletins are issued. The first brings together data for each metropolitan area
surveyed. The second summary bulletin presents national and regional estimates, projected
from individual metropolitan area data.
The Akron survey was conducted by the Bureau's regional office in Chicago, 111.,
under the general direction of Lois L. Orr, Associate Assistant Regional Director for
Operations. The survey could not have been accomplished without the cooperation of the
many firms whose wage and salary data provided the basis for the statistical information
is this bulletin. The Bureau wishes to express sincere appreciation for the cooperation
received.

AREA W AGE SURVEY

V

B u lletin 1795-10
April 1974

U.S. D E PA R TM E N T OF LABOR, Peter J. Brennan, Secretary
B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S , Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

Akron, Ohio, M etropolitan Area, December 1973
CO NTENTS
Page
2 Introduction
Tables:
A.
3
5
6
7
8
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
21

Earnings:
A - 1.
Weekly earnings of office workers
Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers
A -2 .
A - 3.
Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex
Hourly earnings of maintenance and powerplant workers
A - 4.
Hourly earnings of custodial and material movement workers
A - 5.
A - 6.
Average hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant, custodial, and material movement workers, by sex
Indexes of earnings for selected occupational groups and percents of increase for selected periods
A - 7.
A - 8.
Percents of increase in average hourly earnings for selected occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts

B. Establ:ishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:
Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks
B -l.
Late-shift pay provisions for manufacturing plant workers
B -2 .
B -3.
Scheduled weekly hours and days of first-shift workers
B -4.
Annual paid holidays
B -4a. Identification of major paid holidays
Paid vacation provisions
B -5 .
B- 6.
Health, insurance, and pension plan provisions

23 Appendix A. Scope and method of survey
26 Appendix B. Occupational descriptions




F o r sale b y th e S u p e r in te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n ts , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r in t in g O f f ic e , W a s h in g to n , D .C . 2 0 4 0 2 , G P O B o o k s to r e s , o r
B L S R e g io n a l 0 " !ces lis t e d o n b a c k c o v e r. P r ic e 6 5 c e n ts . M a k e c h e c k s p a y a b le t o S u p e r in te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n ts .

1

Introduction
This area is 1 of 94 in which the U.S. Department of Labor's
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings and
related benefits on an areawide basis. In this area, data were obtained
by personal visits of Bureau field economists to representative estab­
lishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transpor­
tation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail
trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major industry
groups excluded from these studies are government operations and the
construction and extractive industries. Establishments having fewer than
a prescribed number of workers are omitted because of insufficient
employment in the occupations studied. Separate tabulations are provided
for each of the broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

plant workers.
The first of these, table A -7 , measures changes in
average earnings of the four occupational groups over time.
Where
possible, data are presented for all industries and manufacturing.
Table A -8 presents another measure of wage movements. The percents
of change reported for the occupational groups are computed to eliminate
changes in average earnings caused by employment shifts among estab­
lishments as well as turnover of establishments included in survey
samples. Where possible, data also are presented for nonmanufacturing.
Appendix A discusses more fully differences between these tables.
B -series tables
The B -se r ie s tables present information on minimum entrance
salaries for office w orkers; late-shift pay provisions and practices for
plant workers in manufacturing; and data separately for plant and office
workers on scheduled weekly hours and days of first-shift workers; paid
holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans.

A -s e r ie s tables
Tables A - l through A -6 provide estimates of straight-time
hourly or weekly earnings for workers in occupations common to a
variety of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupations
were selected from the following categories: (a) Office clerical, (b) pro­
fessional and technical, (c) maintenance and powerplant, and (d) custodial
and material movement. In the 22 largest survey areas, tables A -l a
through A -6 a provide similar data for establishments employing 500
workers or m ore.

Appendixes
This bulletin has two appendixes. Appendix A describes the
methods and concepts used in the area wage survey program and provides
information on the scope of the area survey. It also provides infor­
mation on labor-management agreement coverage. Appendix B provides
job descriptions used by Bureau field economists to classify workers in
occupations for which straight-time earnings information is presented.

Following the occupational wage tables are two tables providing
indexes and percents of change in average earnings of office clerical
workers, industrial nurses, skilled maintenance workers, and unskilled




2

A. Earnings
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Akron, Ohio, December 1973
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f —

Number
of
workers

Occupation and industry division

*
(standard

Mean * Median *
*

Middle range*

Under
S
and
70
under
75

s

$

*
70

75

80

s
85

s

s
90

95

*
100

*
110

»
120

»
150

>
150

»
150

»
160

»

»
170

180

190

S
200

«
210

»
220

230
and

80

85

90

95

100

110

120

130

150

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

*20

230 over

HEN AND WOMEN COMBINED
BILLERS. MACHINE

(BI LLING

$
$
$
$
157.50 157.50 105.50-191.50

1

BILLERS* MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING

8

1
b o o k k e e p i n g -m a c h i n e

2

OPERATORS,

2
5

55
39

125.00
115.00

27

558
286

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING,

50.0 115.00 109.00 1 0 5 . 5 0 50.0 110.00 107.50 1 0 5 . 5 0 50.0 165.00 163.00 1 5 5 . 0 0 50.0 169.50 171.50 15 9. 00 -

183.50
187.50

ii
8

15
11

118
53
65

71
56
25

11G

i n n 123 SO 118 50
An n 125.00 119.00 103.50-153.50
*
i n • 0 147.00 i In *nn 135.50-156.50
n
l 0.0

32

An n 129.50 12 .00 120.00-132.00
i u nn
0.0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
252
nonmanufacturing

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A
CLERKS, FILE, CLASS

2" 1
75
177

39.5
99 00
96 SO
50.0 113.00 115.00
39.5
93.00
02.j 0
3 .5

rftuf

r
tri%
62

NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG
f

J7
KEYP UN CH OPERATORS,

CLASS A

357
227

K E YP UN CH OPERATURS, CL SS B

326

97.50

98.5073.50-

(OFFICE BOYS ANO GIRLS)-

i
nn 1"9 "0
i q / nn 191.50 160.00-225.00
3? 0 1 3"*"0 135.50 99.00- 16 6. 00

manufacturing

*
**
See

W ork ers
W ork ers
fo o tn o te s

14"
125

---

w ere
w ere

d is tr ib u te d
d is t r ib u t e d

as
as

fo llo w s :
fo llo w s :

An * n
in *
■
An n
A *
7o 0

u

13

12

19
12

17

36
15
22
-

1

35
13

67
26

58
22

56
36

55
59

60
51

50
33

81
26
55
53

57
25
22
20

31
13
18
17

11
11

23
15
12

16

1

19
21

1

1

20
12

23
10

6

-

-

-

9
9

10

28
11
17

28
8
20

10

3

9
-

3 at $ 2 5 0

-

to $ 260;

3

-

60
12

50
16

53
31

53
55

25

13
13

.

g

35
29

8

8

32
30

39
36
59

30
17

20
37

23

22
19

20
20

10
8

i

and

9

2

16

39
22
17

65
53
22

no

5

.

12
10

8

28
19

12
8

38
13
25

20
8

13
l

10

29
28
1

1

10
*10

1

8
J

4
7

12

12

15
10

6

17
15

8

1

3

g

13

1

1

at e n d o f t a b l e s .




13

1

215.50
216.00 -

3 at $ 2 4 0 t o $ 2 5 0 .
8 at $ 2 4 0 t o $ 2 5 0 ;

17
10

l

156.50 157.00 13 2. 00 181.50
13 8. 00 185.50
w \
i in* -n 117.50-166.50
on >0
i Ti nn 1 00. c n 1 6 1. 00 198.00
1 " 0

7 at $ 2 3 0 t o $ 2 4 0 ;
4 at $ 2 3 0 t o $ 2 4 0 ;

29
15
15

10

89 .0 0-117.50
87.50- 99.00

19" 00 201 50 17 5. 00 50.0 199.50 206.00 18 3. 00 -

16

10

2

156.50 i7i*nn 116.50-178.50
39 ^
nn
50.0 163.00 166.00 155.00-182.00
n(
n n i
-n
An n 1^0.00 15 .50 124.00-174.50
i cn nn i *11 cn

50.0 102.00
96.00
50.0
95.50
93.00
39.5 121.50 126.50

140

23
23

117.00 113.00 99.00- 12 8. 00
An * n
121.50 107.00-137.00
In t ’Sn
39.5 107.00 105.00

.f ?
*

55

cn
08. 50

126
96
30

20

12

}
1

16

15
125.00
105.50
15

152
MESSENGERS

20
-

2

10

.

•

1 at $ 2 9 0 t o $ 3 0 0 .

79
31

25
12
13

25
15

26
15
12

15
11
1

35
27

i
l
5

25
17

7

1
1

11
153
93
60
10

1

-

1
176
130
56

-

202
161
51
12

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

35
31

1

191
159
32

198
152
56
22

176
151
25
16

170
138
32
30

150
136
15
1?

69
52
17
17

51
35

23
16

5

7

15
10

13
11

17
15

21
21

26
25

11 *♦16
ll
15

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Akron, Ohio, December 1973— Continued
Weekly earnings
(standard)

O c c u p a t io n a n d in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

Number
of

1

N um be r o f w o rk e r
S

Average
weekly
hours
(standard)

Unde

*

Mean ^

Median

*

Middle ranged

%

s

i

70

75

$
80

$
85

*

S

90

95

r e c e iv in g

100

s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f

$

%

S

110

120

$

%

130

140

$

150

$
160

-*

s
170

180

$
190

t

200

s

$
210

220

and
unde r

70

75

230
and

80

85

90

95

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

5

10

4

18
14
4

13

5

9

5

33
25
8

46
30
16

47
36
11

52
45
7

85
85
“

119
114
5

22
21
1

3
3
“

42
33

70
50
20
10

98
75
23

98
91

41

11

24
8
16
16

11

65

68
50
18

230 o v e r

MEN AND WOMEN COM0INED-CO NT IN UE D
SE CRETARIES - CO NT IN UE D
482
86

i/f
t

rUuL 1

U 1 1L 1 1 1t J

1nr
65
36^
iib

$
39 . s 173.00
178.50
39.0 150.00

$
181.00
185.50
155.00

/n n
i c / nn
/
A 15' *00

154.00

$
$
1 5 6. 50 192.50
165.00-192.50
1 2 6. 50 169.00

*

1

“

1

39 0 154.00
13 2. 00 i f3.50
40.0 172.50 l 7T *-n 149.00-

”

i

1

i

1

169.00
202.00
-

i n nn 132.00 112.00-152.00
'0 0 135*00
38.5 127.00 »n/*nn
100* 00

16

8

-

8 .

12

124.00 110.00-141.50
40*0 J li’*nn
:~ t - n
152.00
40.0 l f / * -QQ 128.50 1 0 4. 50 *
12 9. 50 158.00

l
1

^n*n
1^9*00
nn ^ i n s n 149.00 130.50-159.00
40 0 1C"*00

42

,

17

i
24
11

20

2
2

43
25
18

62
28

14

50
32
18

3 0 .5

26

70
*7
31
26

5

8
8
44
36
8

_

J?
:

66
59
1

98.50-124.50
98.00-122.00

B
B
55

40.0 128.00 122.00 1 0 6. 00 1 0 5. 00 -

-

-

-

-

16

20
18

8

3

16

3
10

14
12

5

8

42
21
21

,
33
18
15

109

1

ail
L.

77

1 1
1
54

LD
8

;
*

-

6
5

43

1

3

26
26

14

8
8
“
8

i
i

1

20

58

7

10
3
7

27

68

7
l

I?
■*1

15

ft

5

1

-

-

w

-

3
5
1

7
7

?4

6

■

c/> f f 0 KA

i L'nn : i.2* ^
l00.00 10-p. 00

39.5 118.00 114.00
112.00 111.50
39. 5 12 3.->0 119.00

170

15

2

40.0 163.00 16t.30
3 •i
:

SW IT CH BO AR D O P ER AT OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS -

3

3
3

6

2

2

2

4

4

2

-

3
11

6

11

-

-

TRANSCRI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORSt

if a
49

129.50 117.00-141.50
116.50-144.00
40*0 132*00
39.5 129.00 J o S " n n
131*00 122.50-137.50
l l r*" ' n

39 0 103*50

See

fo o tn o te s

110.50

25

21

25

97.00-131.00

at e n d o f t a b le s .




24
22

11
1
21

204

15
15

1

149.00
146.50

4

53
8
45

58
35
23

2
33
19
14

56
39
17

12
12

8

52
36
16
12

40
27
13
10

48
32
16
16

32
20
12

16
12

8

1

24

66
31
35

5
1
**

30
28

3

1

1

5

2

i

Table A -2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Akron, Ohio, December 1973
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number
of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a ig h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n in g s o f _
_

*

»

*

*

hours1
(standard]

N W

Median ^

Middle ranged

140

s
150

*
150

*

i
170

180

t

i

120

130

140

ISO

160

170

180

190

200

*

1
“

4
4

3
1

5
4

14
11

9
9

190

200

$

t

s

i

t

t

240

250

250

270

250

260

270

280

i

t

280

i

290

300

210

220

230

-

-

-

210

220

2 30

240

12
11

15
13

7
7

7
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

4
2
2

i
i

-

-

i
i

3
3

-

-

-

-

9
6

_

130

*

110
U nder
*
and
110
under
__________ 1 2 0

O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

1
1

7
2

13
11

14
11

19
19

21
21

25
25

4
4

* 21
21

22
20
2

26
26
-

19
18
1

12
12
-

8
8
-

1
1
-

1
1
-

1
1
-

-

-

-

12
9

**74

_
”

an
290

300

over

HEN ANO WOMEN COMBINED
$
$
$
$
79 40.0 193.50 193.00 175.00-208.00
68 . 40.0 195.50 194.50 177.00-209.00

CO MPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A --MA NUFACTURING -----------------

-

-

*

-

COMP UT ER OPERATORS, CLASS B --MA NU FACTURING ----------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -------------

185
145
40

40.0 170.50 168.00 151.00-191.00
40.0 171.50 171.00 148.50-192.50
39.5 168.00 165.00 160.50-180.00

1
1

-

18
14
4

4
4
“

21
20
1

18
15
3

34
18
16

27
21
6

15
14
1

12
12
-

26
20
6

CO MPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C --MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------

45
30

39.5 134.00 128.50 117.00-147.50
40.0 132.00 126.50 114.50-141.00

4
4

12
7

9
8

5
4

6
3

3
1

3
-

-

1
1

-

2
2

CO MPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A -------------MA NU FACTURING -----------------

135
121

40.0 270.50 271.50 251.50-287.00
40.0 274.50 274.00 259.50-288.50

COMP UT ER PROGRAMMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ----------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------

226
201
25

40.0 222.50 222.50 202.50-245.50
40.0 224.50 225.00 203.50-247.00
40.0 206.50 210.00 197.50-222.50

-

-

-

-

1
1

CO MPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ----------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------

92
63
29

40.0 188.00 187.00 167.00-206.00
40.0 199.00 201.50 184.00-213.50
39.5 164.00 167.00 152.50-179.50

-

-

2
-

2
-

4

3

-

2

*

2

2

i
3

1

_

_

_

CO MPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------------

113
100

40.0 318.50 315.00 29 1.50-344.00
40.0 321.00 318.00 29 5. 00 -3 46 .0 0

CO MPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS. CLASS B -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------

73
66
408
380

40.0 231.00 219.50 193.00-244.50
40.0 230.50 218.00 191.00-243.00

-

-

*

*

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS 8 -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------

436
392

40.0 183.00 179.00 156.50-203.50
40.0 180.50 177.00 154.50-201.00

-

3

-

24

-■

3

-

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------------

136
93

40.0 161.00 162.00 141.00-187.50
40.0 151.50 147.00 124.00-167.50

10
10

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------------

64
61

40.0 199.50 199.00 186.50-212.50
40.0 200.50 199.00 187.00-212.50

-

.

_

-

-

9
7
2

8
6
2

16
14
2

35
29
6

30
24
6

29
26
3

20

5

13

8

5

5

2

-

-

1

8

7

15
15

8

9

8

5

5

2

-

-

-

11

4

5

1

.

.

5
5

1

2
2

11
8

3

5

"

2

4

3
3
-

40.0 278.00 278.00 255.50-299.50
40.0 278.00 278.50 254.50 -3 02 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------

5
5
-

*
***

t

W
W
W
W

ork ers
ork ers
ork ers
ork ers

w ere
w ere
w ere
w ere

d is t r ib u t e d
d is t r ib u t e d
d is t r ib u t e d
d is t r ib u t e d

as
as
as
as

fo llo w
fo llo w
fo llo w
fo llo w

s:
s:
s:
s:

-

-

11
11

12 a t $ 3 0 0 t o
$ 3 2 0 : 6 a t $320 to $ 3 4 0 ; and
22 a t $ 3 0 0 t o
$ 3 2 0 ; 2 3 a t $ 3 2 0 t o $ 3 4 0 ; 11
7 at $3 0 0 to $ 3 2 0 ; 4 at $320 to $ 3 4 0 ; 5 at
14 a t $ 3 0 0 t o
$ 3 2 0 ; 21 a t $ 3 2 0 t o $ 3 4 0 ; 14

-

6

9
9

5
5

15
9

6

7***17

5

6

7

17

32

16

6

3

-

l

48

27
24

23

9

3

3

1

1 62
62

20
14

18
15

8
2

2

2
2

3

-

2

2
2

1
1

2

1

2

1

28
28

34
34

54
54

54

45
37

21
18

-

14
14

24

53
53

24

59
59

43
39

36
35

58
51

47
44

38
35

5

5

23

10

8

1

2

3

_

-

1

_

-

-

-

20

18

5

12
4

15

5

6
4

24

5

4

”

1

2

3

-

-

1

-

-

“

-

_

1
*

i

5
5

3

12

12

10

2
2

_

10

2
2

-

12

1
1

_

11

5
4

-

3

10
10

-

i

.

-

-

70

1
1

3
3
24

3 a t $340 to $36 0 ,
at $340 to $ 3 6 0 ; 5 at
$360 to $ 3 80; 8
at $380 to
$340 to $ 3 6 0 ; and 1 at $360 to $ 3 8 0 .
at $340 to $36 0 ; and
13 a t $ 3 6 0 t o $ 3 8 0 .

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




_

_

-

5

$400;

and

5 at $400

and

over,

7
7

3

Table A -3 . Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers,
by sex, in Akron, Ohio, December 1973
Average

Average
S ex,

o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of

Weekly
Weekly
hours * earnings
(standard) (standard)

1

OF FI CE O C C U PA TI ON S - MEN

S ex,

o c c u p a t io n ,

an d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Weekly
Weekly
hours * earnings1
(standard) (standard)

68
37
31

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
1 9 5 .5 0
2 0 5 .5 0
1 8 3 .5 0

CLERKS, OROER ------------------

70

3 9 .5

1 8 6 .5 0

SECRETARIES --------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

MESSENGERS (OFFICE BOYS) ----MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------

78
58

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 2 .0 0
9 6 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -------------MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

o c c u p a t io n , an d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Weeklv
Weekly
hours*
earnings*
standard) (standard)

76
65

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
1 9 4 .0 0
1 9 6 .5 0

154
29

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 7 4 .0 0
1 7 1 .5 0

34

3 9 .5

1 3 5 .5 0

BUSINESS, CLASS
MA NU FACTURING

127
113

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 7 0 .5 0
2 7 5 .0 0

BUSINESS, CLASS B
MANUFA CT UR IN G —

190
1 66

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 2 6 .5 0
2 2 9 .0 0

BUSINESS, CLASS C
MA NU FA CT UR IN G —

65
48

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 8 8 .0 0
1 9 8 .0 0

CO MPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ------MA NU FACTURING ----------

112
99

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

3 1 9 .0 0
3 2 2 .0 0

CO MPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ------MANUFA CT UR IN G ----------

71
64

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 7 8 .0 0
2 7 8 .0 0

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

$
1 5 6 .5 0
1 6 1 .0 0
1 4 1 .5 0
1 7 5 .5 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 9 5 .0 0
1 9 9 .5 0 CO MPUTER OPERATORS,

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG -----------------

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 7 3 .0 0
1 7 8 .5 0
1 5 0 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 5 4 .0 0
1 5 4 .0 0
1 5 3 .5 0
1 7 1 .5 0

MA NUFACTURING
NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG

1 0 1 .0 0

BOOKKE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G ---------------

55
39

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 5 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------

380
2 51

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 5 8 .5 0
1 6 4 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

1 3 2 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0
1 2 7 .0 0
1 7 0 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B —
MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------

525
249
276
114

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 2 3 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0
1 2 2 .0 0
1 4 7 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 6 .0 0
1 2 6 .0 0
1 2 7 .5 0
1 4 4 .0 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A ---------

30

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

1 4 9 .5 0
1 4 9 .5 0
1 4 8 .5 0
1 6 5 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A
MANU FA CT UR IN G —

4 05
377

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 3 1 .5 0
2 3 0 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A ----

1 6 4 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B
MA NU FA CT UR IN G --

416
378

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 8 3 .5 0
1 8 1 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ---NONMANUF AC TU RI NG -----------------

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

1 1 4 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C
MA NU FA CT UR IN G —

131
89

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 6 0 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0

170
82

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 1 8 .0 0
1 1 2 .0 0
1 2 3 .5 0

59
55

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 8 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0

CO MPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B ----

31

3 9 .5

1 5 2 .5 0

CO MPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -------------MA NU FACTURING -----------------

36
35

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 0 2 .0 0
2 0 2 .0 0

COMP UT ER PROGRAMMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C --------------

27

1 8 7 .0 0

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
MA NUFACTURING -----------------

64
61

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 47
70
177

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

9 8 .5 0
1 1 2 .0 0
9 3 .0 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C ---------

58

3 9 .5

9 7 .5 0

CLERKS, ORDER ------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ------------

47
33

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

1 1 2 .5 0
1 0 7 .0 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------PUBLIC UT ILITIES ---------

2 23
135
8b
48

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 4 7 .0 0
1 4 5 .5 0
1 4 9 .5 0
1 6 2 .5 0

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------

3 52
227

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 5 0 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ------------

326
174
152

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 1 7 .0 0
1 2 6 .0 0
1 0 7 .0 0

48
38

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 1 .5 0
9 5 .5 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

MESSENGERS (OFFICE GIRLS) ---MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------

S ee fo o tn o te

SWITCHBOARD OP FR AT OR -R EC EP TI ON ISTSMA NU FACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------TR ANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -----------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

226
167
59
49

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 3 1 .5 0
1 3 2 .5 0
1 2 9 .0 0
1 3 2 .5 0

TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

420
2 04
216

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 0 9 .5 0
1 1 6 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0

at en d o f t a b le s .




6

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

o

1 3 0 .0 0

o

3 9 .5

o

27

*
O
o

8ILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) -----------------------

*

CLASS C

O

145
125

•*
r

OF FI CE OC CUPATIONS - WOMEN

Number
of

PROFES SI ON AL AND .TECHNICAL
O C CU PA TI ON S - MEN

OF FI CE O C CU PA TI ON S WOMEN— CO NTINUED

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------

Average
S ex,

1 9 9 .5 0
2 0 0 .5 0

Table A -4. Hourly earnings of maintenance and powerplant workers in Akron, Ohio, December 1973
Hourly earnings3

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f--s
S
S
*
*
s
$
s
s
s
*
4 . 7 0 4 .8 0 4 .9 0 5 .0 0 5 .1 0 5 . 2 0 5 .3 0 5 . 4 0 5 .5 0 5 .6 0 5 .7 0

O c c u p a t io n a n d in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

%
4 .2 0

Mean 2 Median2

Middle range 2

s
4 .3 0

s
4 .4 0

$
4 .5 0

S
4 .6 0

4 .3 0

Number
of
workers

4 .4 0

4 .5 0

4 .6 0

4 .7 0

4 .8 0

4 .9 0

5 .0 0

5 .1 0

5 .2 0

5 .3 0

5 .4 0

5 .5 0

5 .6 0

5 .7 0

Unde r
and
S
4 2 0 u n d er

t
5 .8 0

*
5 .9 0

*
6 .0 0

t
$
6 . 10 6 . 2 0

5 .8 0

5 .9 0

6 .0 0

6 .1 0

6 .2 0

S
6 .4 0
and

6 .4 0 o v e r

HEN AND WOMEN COMBINED
CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE -----------MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

139
133

$
5 .3 9
5 .3 9

$
5 .5 1
5 .5 2

$
$
5 . 2 3 - 5 .5 6
5 . 2 3 - 5 .5 7

2
2

-

-

1
"

5
5

-

-

8
7

2
2

10
10

26
26

6
4

1
“

68
68

1
-

-

-

-

“

-

-

9
9

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ---------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------

614
5 86

5 .4 7
5 .4 6

5 .5 1
5 .5 1

5 .2 3 5 .2 2 -

5 .5 7
5 .5 7

1
l

5
5

10
10

1
1

24
24

10
10

3
3

45
45

20
18

8
8

98
89

57
57

1
1

241
235

_

-

-

10
*

-

5

*

5

1
*

*74
74

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY --------------MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

136
136

5 .4 6
5 .4 6

5 .5 2
5 .5 2

5 .2 2 5 .2 2 -

5 .5 7
5 .5 7

-

-

-

-

6
6

-

-

8
8

8
8

69
69

-

-

18
18

_

-

16
16

-

■ -

11
11

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER --------MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

51
47

5 .0 9
5 . 15

5 .0 8
5 .0 9

4 .8 6 4 .8 9 -

5 .2 5
5 .2 5

-

4
4

8
8

4
4

8
8

6
6

11
11

-

“

“

3
3

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES -------MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

132
132

4 .5 6
4 .5 6

4 .5 2
4 .5 2

4 .4 2 4 .4 2 -

4 .6 5
4 .6 5

13
13

6
6

_
-

3
3

9
9

6
6

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE -----------MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

198
198

5 .3 7
5 .3 7

5 .5 1
5 .5 1

4 .8 6 4 .8 6 -

5 .5 7
5 .5 7

26
26

6
6

_

-

13
13

2
2

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE I ----------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

5 54
106
448
4 37

6 .0 6
5 .6 2
6 . 16
6 .1 9

6 .3 0
5 .5 2
6 .3 1
6 .3 2

5 .7 5 5 .2 5 6 .1 1 6 .1 2 -

6 .3 7
6 .4 2
6 .3 7
6 .3 7

6

8
1
7
1

23
6
17
15

16
16
-

16
16
-

5 . 39

5 .1 0 5 .1 1 -

5 .5 7
5 .5 6

12
12

24

71
68

117
1 17

_

5 .4 0

5 .5 0
5 .5 1

24

MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

9 17
904

MILLWRIGHTS --------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

92
92

6 .0 0
6 .0 0

6 .4 2
6 .4 2

5 .4 3 5 .4 3 -

6 .4 6
6 .4 6

_

-

3

12
12

-

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE --------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

102
98

5 .3 8
5 .4 1

5 .4 2
5 .4 3

5 .2 5 5 .2 6 -

5 .4 8
5 .4 8

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE ----------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------

4 86
4 86

5 .4 5
5 .4 5

5 .5 2
5 .5 2

5 .2 4 5 .2 4 -

5 .5 7
5 .5 7

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MA INTENANCE —
MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

132
132

5 .5 6
5 .5 6

5 .5 4
5 .5 4

5 .2 9 5 .2 9 -

5 .5 9
5 .5 9

MECHANICS,

*
**
See

MAINTENANCE

A ll w o r k e r s
A ll w o r k e r s
fo o tn o te s

w ere
w ere

at e n d

-----------------

at $ 6 . 6 0
at $ 6 . 4 0

_

-

4
“

-

14
14

35
35

30
30

16
16

-

-

-

—

-

“

10
10

3
3

22
22

-

"

-

-

4
2
2

-

-

3
3
3

13

12
12

59
59

14

-

46

13

9
3

14

-

46

64
64

-

-

-

6
6

2
2

-

-

_

-

-

-

3

-

3

.

-

-

3

“

-

10
10

10

-

13
13

13
13

_

-

-

53
53

20
20

16
16

47
47

44
44

.

_

_

7
7

12
12

i
i

_

4
4
-

_

-

-

-

2

-

2
2

1
l

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

1
1

-

1
1

to $ 6 .8 0 .
to $ 6 .6 0 .

7

“

_

•

o f ta b le s .




-

-

3

3

5
1
1

10
10

8

13
13

*

47
47

-

-

-

_

-

-

“

-

*

“

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

*

*

”

*

”

20
20
-

19
19
19

39
39
39

-

*

19
3
16
15

*

88
88
88

380
380

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

4
-

-

11
11

-

-

-

_

l
l

_

-

75
75

-

*

-

-

74
74

-

-

*28
28

2 08
208
2 08

**8l
33
48
48

6

_

86

6

“

86

-

_

-

-

-

5
5
-

42
42

-

**23
23

-

“
249
2 49

_

*

_

-

-

-

-

*

*

-

-

**58
58
*
8
8

Table A -5. Hourly earnings of custodial and material movement workers in Akron, Ohio, December 1973
Hourly earnings3

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f —
t
1
*
t
t
$
t
t
3
s
t
t
i
t
s
$
*
*
t
i
$
t
t
1.60 1.80 2.00 2.20 2. AO 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3. *0 3.60 3.80 *.00 * .20 *.*0 A . 60 *. 80 5.00 5.20 5.AO 5.60 5.80 6.00

Number
O c c u p a t io n a n d in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

workers

Mean 2 Median2

Middle range 2

and
under

and

1.80 2.00 2.20 2.AO 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.AO 3. <>o 3.80 A . 00 A . 20 A .AO A . 60 A . 80 5 00 5.20 5.AO 5.60 5.80 6.00

over

MEN ANO WOMEN COMBINED
GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ----------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

708
3A0
368

$
3.31
A . 55
2. 17

$
3.09
A . 66
2.05

$
2.0AA . 381.9A-

$
A.65
A . 76
2.13

36
36

82
82

183
183

9
8
1

2
2

35
10
25

2
2

7
7

5
A
1

20
20

A
3
1

*
*

*
A
“

73
69
*

38
38
”

163
163
“

6
6
”

“

*

GUARDS
MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

298

A. 65

A. 70

A . 55- A.77

-

-

-

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

*

-

A5

38

163

6

-

-

WATCHMEN
MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

A2

3.82

A . 31

3.10- A.36

-

-

-

-

-

10

-

-

A

-

-

-

A

2A

-

-

-

-

1A
1A

21
21
“

“
“

1A

21

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
2

*
“

*
-

“

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS --MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

2,630
1,5 AA
1,086
96

3.A3
A. 30
2.21
3.68

A . 12
A . 52
1.97
3.37

2.05A . 251.813.27-

A.5 A
A.60
2.30
A.06

2A0
2A0
-

338
1
337
-

228
228
-

A6
6
AO
-

5A
15
39
-

63
35
28
1

63
38
25
-

37
33
A
1

77
22
55
5A

50
35
15
5

27
23
*
*

A3
A2
l
1

1A5
93
52
12

189
183
6
6

656
651
5
5

280
280
-

76
76
-

16
11
5
5

*

LABORERS, MATERIAL H A ND LI NG -------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES ---------------

1,710
751
959
77A

5.21
A. AA
5.82
6.33

5.30
A.A8
6.33
6.35

A . 36A . 066.306.32-

6.3A
5.05
6.37
6.37

-

-

60
60

6
6

2
2

-

2
2

102
102
-

20
20

66
A6
20

25
21
*

_
-

59
55
*

119
118
1

A5
AA
1
1

11
10
1
1

37
31
6
-

293
293
-

52
8
**

16
16
*

20
20
-

3 *772
•
3
* 772
772

37*
117
257

*.27
*• *8
A. 17

*.08
A. 1A
3.39

3.36- 5.A3
A.OA- A . 89
3.3A- 5.A3

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

_

1*0

-

-

-

lAO

3
3
-

59
58
1

“

2
2
“

27
7
20

-

-

-

6
6

*

15
13
2

-

MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

90
90

28
28
“

“

“

PACKERS, SH IPPING -------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

272
226

3.52
3.59

3.38
3. AA

3.03- 3.82
3.01- 3.86

1
-

-

A
“

13
13

15
1A

28
28

33
29

52
22

37
36

17
12

30
30

2
2

6
6

_

-

-

32
32

-

-

~

2
2

*

*

RE CEIVING CLERKS --------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

152
131

A.2A
A . 23

*.**
A. A3

3.59- A.82
3.59- A.82

-

-

-

8
8

*

*
-

2
2

6
*

19
19

3
3

_
-

15
15

5
5

38
33

8
3

37
37

2
2

3

2
-

-

-

*

*

SHIPPING AND RE CEIVING CLERKS ----MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

76
63

A . 19
A . 32

A. 15
A.A1

3.58- A.62
3.8A- A.69

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

12
12

-

10
10

6
5

5
*

1A
13

*
*

*
*

-

10
10

1
1

“

*

*

TRUCKDRIVERS
-----------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

1,395
A05
990
7 1A

5.63
A . 66
6.02
6.23

5.95
A. 71
6.11
6.32

A . 863.775.915.97-

_
-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

8
8

_
-

70
70

30
30

11

1A
8
6

27
27
-

109
37
72
2

A1
Al
*

32
32
“

6
5
i
i

23
17
6

“

57
38
19
1

58
6
52
“

3
3

A
A

11
11

2A
2A

A3
2A
19

77
5
72

_
“

-

2
2

21
21

2A
2A

32
32

-

-

-

-

-

*

“

OR DER

F IL LE R S

------------------------------------------------------

6.33
5.35
6.35
6.36

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) ----------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

59
50

A . 28
3.9A

3.88
3.82

3.61- A.75
3.5B- A.58

TRUCKDRIVERS, ME DIUM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS) ----------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

353
20A
1A9

A . 81
A . 56
5.16

A . 73
A . 37
A. 78

822
90
732
627

6.02
A . 88
6. 16
6.22

6.05
A . 88
6.31
6.32

5.92A . 765.955.97-

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAI LER-TYPE I --------

50

5.71

6.02

~

“

_

_

“

_

A . 28- 5.82
3.59- 5.58
A . 72- 5.83

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------

“

*

”

"

*
**

“

_

_

-

*

-

-

*

-

*

•

.

.

“
6
6

10
10

8
8

“

59
59

20
20

2
2

5
5
“

-

-

9
3
6
*

•

-

-

-

-

“

*

*

•
5

A l l w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 6 .2 0 t o $ 6 . 4 0 .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 7 9 a t $ 6 .0 0 t o $ 6 .2 0 ; a n d 4 8 1 a t $ 6 .2 0 t o $ 6 .4 0 .

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




_

“
8
8

*

*

_

2
-

1
1

*

5.75- 6.08

6.35
5.05
6.35
6.36

*

8

9

-

-

“

“

_

“

3A9**560
A5
32
30A
528
237 A73

_
"

_
”

-

-

-

”

“

*

*

9
*

3
3

23
17
6

-

8A
A5
39

13
2
11

1
1
1

-

”

A2
6
36
“
16

A25
265
1
A2A
265
237 *389
-

29

Table A -5. Hourly earnings of custodial and material movement workers in Akron, Ohio, December 1973— Continued
Hourly earnings *

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
1
%
*
t
t
*
s
1
S
«
t
S
t
*
t
1.60 1.80 2.00 2.20 2. A0 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3. A0 3.60 3.80 A . 00 A . 20 A. A0 A . 60 A . 80 5.00 5.20 5. A0 5.60 5.80 6.00

f
t

f
t
Occupation and industry division

of
workers

Mean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

f
t

f
t

f
t

f
t

f
t

f
t

and
under

jnl
ar

1.80 2.00 2.20 2.A0 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3. A0 3.60 3.80 A . 00 A . 20 A.A0 A.60 A . 80 5.00 5.20 5.A0 5.60 5.80 6.00

over

MEN ANO WOMEN CO MB I N E D —
CONT IN UE D

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) --------MANU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

$
1,375 - *.89
I, IA7 *.7*

$
5.1A
5.11

$
$
A. 33- 5.33
A . 26- 5.23

115

6.31

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) ---------------------------MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

166
166

A . A3
A. A3

A.8A
A.8A

3.18- 4.98
3.18- A.98

WA RE HOUSEMEN -------------------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

321
101
220

A . 28
A . 17
A . 33

A . 23
A. 18
A. 80

3.98- A.85
A . 12- A.30
3.91- A. 88

*

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

55
55

30
30

30
30

98
68

6
6

85
85

80
80

106
106

-

90
90

271
271

260
20 A

32
20
12

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

50
50

1
1

-

*

-

-

-

12
12

-

65
65

-

30
30

-

,

8

2

6

17

6

2

6

17

6

13
3
10

68
A0
28

50
3A
16

1
1

2

23
1A
9

71

8

6
2
A

71

25
10
15

136
21
115

8
8

-

-

-

9

7

24

9

7

2A

*

—

A ll w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 6 .2 0 to $ 6 .4 0 .

S ee fo o t n o t e s a t end t a b le s .




71
71

\

9

-

2

8
7
1




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant
custodial, and material movement workers, by sex,
in Akron, Ohio, December 1973
S ex,

o c c u p a t io n ,

a n d in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

Number
of
workers

(m ea n ^ )
hourly
earnings3

S ex,

o c c u p a t io n , a n d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
(m ean 2 )
hourly
earnings3

CU STODIAL AND MATE RI AL MOVEMENT
O C CU PA TI ON S- ME N— CO NTINUED

MA IN TE NA NC E AND POWERPLANT
nr.cuPATiUNS - m e n
CA RPENTERS, MAINTENANCE -----------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

139
133

$
5.39
5.39

EL EC TR IC IA NS , MAINTENANCE ---------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

613
585

5.47
5.46

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY --------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

136
136

5.46
5.46

FIREMEN, ST AT IO NA RY BOILER --------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

51
47

5.09
5.15

HELPERS, MA IN TE NA NC E TRADES -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

132
132

4.56
4.56

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE -----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

198
198

5.37
5.37

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ----------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

554
106
448
437

6.06
5.62
6. 16
6. 19

MECHANICS, MA INTENANCE -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

917
904

5.39
5.40

MI LLWRIGHTS --------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

92
92

6.00
6.00

PAINTERS, MA INTENANCE --------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

102
98

5. 38
5.41

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE ----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

486
486

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE —
MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

132
132

LABORERS, MATERIAL H A ND LI NG -------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

1,700
741
959
774

$
5.22
4.44
5.82
6.33

ORDER
FILLERS ----------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

367
114

4.30
4.51

PACKERS, SHIP PI NG -------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

189
157

3.66
3.73

RECEIVING CLERKS --------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

147
126

4.24
4.22

SHIPPING AND RE CEIVING CLERKS ----MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

76
63

4. 19
4.32

1,394
404
990
714

5.63
4* 66
6.02
6.23

59
50

4.28
3.94

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEOIUM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) ----------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

352
203
149

4.81
4.55
5. 16

5.45
5.45

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

822
90
732
627

6.02
4.88
6. 16
6.22

5.56
5.56

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) --------

50

5.71

TRUCKERS, PUWER (FORKLIFT) --------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

1, 373
1,145
228
115

4.89
4. 74
5.65
6.31

TRUCKDRIVERS

------------------------

MANUFACTURING

C U ST OD IA L AND MATE RI AL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATI ONS-MEN

--------------------------

N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) ----------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------

GUARDS AND WATC HM EN ----------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

703
340
363

3.32
4.55
2. 18

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) ---------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

166
166

4.43
4.43

GUARDS
MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

298

4.65

WA RE HO US EM EN -------------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

320
100
220

4.28
4.16
4.33

WATCHMEN
MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

42

3.82

C U ST OD IA L AND MA TERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPA TI ON S- WO ME N

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS --M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---- ----------------NO NMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

1,866
1,363
503
38

3.79
4.30
2.38
4.25

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS --MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG
PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

764
181

2.58
4.24

58

3.31

See

fo o tn o te s

at e n d

of t a b le s .

10




Table A-7. Indexes of earnings for selected occupational groups in Akron, Ohio,
December 1972 and December 1973, and percents
of increase for selected periods
M a n u fa c tu r in g

A l l in d u s t r ie s
H o u r ly e a r n in g s

W e e k ly e a r n in g s
P e r io d

O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m e n and
w om en)

I n d u s tr ia l
n u rses
(m e n and
w om en)

S k ille d
m a in t e n a n c e
tra d e s
(m e n )

U n s k ille d
p la n t
w orkers
(m e n )

W e e k ly e a r n in g s
O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m e n an d
w om en)

I n d u s t r ia l
n u rses
(m e n and
w om en)

H o u r ly e a r n in g s
S k ille d
m a in t e n a n c e
tra d e s
(m e n )

U n s k ille d
p la n t
w orkers
(m e n )

I n d e x e s ( J u ly 1 9 6 7 = 1 0 0 )
D e c e m b e r 1 9 7 2 _________________________________________
D e c e m b e r 1 9 7 3 ____________________ _______
_____ _

1 3 4 .5
1 4 2 .8

1 5 2 .3
1 5 9 .5

1 4 1 .3
1 5 2 .9

1 4 6 .1
1 5 7 .2

1 3 2 .6
1 3 9 .9

1 5 1 .5
1 5 9 .1

1 4 0 .3
1 5 0 .8

1 4 1 .7
1 5 1 .5

P e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e
5 .2
3 .2
3 .1
2 .8
3 .0
2 .6

7 .1
3 .1
3 .0
2 .9
2 .8
3 .2

5 .9
1 .7
2 .8
3 .1
3 .0
2 .8

5 .4
2 .7
3 .0
4 .9
2 .6
7

4 .4
4 .9
3 .2
2 .3
3 .1
2 .1

7 .1
3 .0
3 .0
2 .9
2 .3
3 .6

6 .0
1 .7
2 .7
3 .0
2 .9
2 .8

5 .8
1 .5
2 .4
4 .0
2 .3
1.1

4 .4
4 .1

1 0 .1
9 .3

5 .1
4 .7

2 .9
2 .7

4 .4
4 .1

1 0 .5
9 .7

5 .2
4 .8

4 .1
3 .8

J u ly 1 9 6 7 t o J u l y 1 9 6 8 ________________________________
J u ly 1 9 6 8 t o J u ly 1 9 6 9 ________________________________
J u ly 1 9 6 9 t o J u ly 1 9 7 0 ___________ _____________________
J u l y 1 9 7 0 t o J u l y 1 9 7 1 . _____________________________
J u ly 1 971 t o D e c e m b e r 1 9 7 2 :
1 7 - m o n t h i n c r e a s e -------------------------------------------------A n n u a l r a t e o f i n c r e a s e - ------- --------------- -------------

5 .3
5 .6
4 .8
7 .7

1 0 .8
7 .6
6 .7
9 .7

5 .7
5 .5
7 .4
9 .7

5 .3
4 .8
9 .0
9 .5

4 .7
5 .3
4 .7
8 .1

1 1 .1
7 .5
6 .0
9 .7

5 .9
5 .2
7 .4
9 .5

6 .0
4 .2
8 .2
* 8 .6

7 .2
5 .0

9 .2
6 .4

7 .5
5 .2

1 0 .9
7 .6

6 .3
4 .4

9 .1
6 .3

7 .1
5 .0

9 .1
6 .3

D e c e m b e r 1972 to D e c e m b e r 1973-

6 .2

4 .7

8 .2

7 .6

5 .5

5 .0

7 .5

6 .9

J u n e 1 9 6 0 t o J u n e 1 9 6 1 _______________________________
J u n e 1 9 6 1 t o J u n e 1 9 6 2 ____________ __________________
J u n e 1 9 6 2 t o J u n e 1 9 6 3 ____________________ _____ J u n e 1 9 6 3 t o J u n e 1 9 6 4 ------------------------------------------------J u n e 1 9 6 4 t o J u n e 1 9 6 5 ------------------------------------------------J u n e 1 9 6 5 t o J u n e 1 9 6 6 _______________________________
J u n e 1 9 6 6 t o J u ly 1 9 6 7 :
1 3 - m o n t h i n c r e a s e _ ____________ _________________
_
A n n u a l r a t e o f i n c r e a s e _________ ________________

*

_____________

R e v is e d e s tim a te .

NOTE:
T h is m e a s u r e o f w a g e c h a n g e s w ill b e d is c o n tin u e d
b e g in n in g J u ly 1 9 7 4 .
It w i l l b e r e p l a c e d b y t h e m e a s u r e p r e s e n t e d in
t a b l e A - 8.

11




Table A-8. Percents of increase in average hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts, in Akron, Ohio,
December 1972 to December 1973
O c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p

D a ta d o n o t m e e t p u b lic a t io n

M a n u fa c tu r in g

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

6 .4
5 .3
6 .5
7 .7

*

A ll in d u s t r ie s

5 .6
5 .4
5 .8
7 .1

8 .0
*
*

c r ite r ia .

N O T E : T a b l e A - 8 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d
o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , a d ju s t e d t o e x c l u d e t h e e f f e c t o f e m p l o y m e n t s h i f t s .
T h e n ew m e th o d
f o r c o m p u t i n g w a g e t r e n d s i s b a s e d o n c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
r e p o r t i n g t h e i n d e x j o b s in b o t h t h e c u r r e n t a n d p r e v i o u s y e a r ( m a t c h e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ) ,
h o l d i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t e m p l o y m e n t in t h e j o b s c o n s t a n t .
T h e n e w w a g e t r e n d s a r e n o t lin k e d t o th e c u r r e n t in d e x e s b e c a u s e th e n e w w a g e t r e n d s
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in m a t c h e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t a v e r a g e s w h e r e a s t h e c u r r e n t i n d e x e s m e a s u r e
c h a n g e s in a r e a a v e r a g e s .
O th e r c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s o f th e n e w w a g e t r e n d s w h ic h d i f f e r f r o m
th e c u r r e n t o n e s in c lu d e (1 ) e a r n in g s d a ta o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s an d in d u s t r ia l n u r s e s
a r e c o n v e r t e d t o an h o u r l y b a s i s , a n d ( 2 ) t r e n d e s t i m a t e s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g
e st a b li s h m e n t s .
F o r a m o r e d e ta ile d d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e n e w m e th o d u s e d t o c o m p u te a r e a w a g e s u r v e y
i n d e x e s , s e e " I m p r o v i n g A r e a W a g e S u r v e y I n d e x e s , " M o n t h ly L a b o r R e v i e w , J a n u a r y 1 9 7 3 ,
p p. 5 2 -5 7 .

12

8 .2

B. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions
Table B-1. Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks in Akron, Ohio, December 1973
O th e r in e x p e r ie n c e d c le r i c a l w o r k e r s 5

I n e x p e r ie n c e d t y p is t s
M a n u f a c t u r in g
M in i m u m w e e k l y s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r y 4

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g a s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m ________ _________
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$

6 2 .5 0
6 5 .0 0
6 7 .5 0
7 0 .0 0
7 2 .5 0
7 5 .0 0
7 7 .5 0
8 0 ,0 0
8 2 .5 0
8 5 .0 0
8 7 .5 0

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$

6 5 . 0 0 _______ __________ —_______ _ ________
_
6 7 . 5 0 ________________________ _______________
7 0 . 0 0 _____ _________ __________ ______ ______
7 2 . 5 0 _______ ____________________________ ___
7 5 . 0 0 —___ —__________ —_______—__________
7 7 . 5 0 _______________________________________
8 0 . 0 0 ____ __________________ ________________
8 2 . 5 0 _________________ ______ _____________
8 5 . 0 0 ____ ____________________ _____ ________
8 7 . 5 0 _______ _________ ______________________
9 0 . 0 0 ----------------------------------------- --------------------

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$

9 0 . 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 9 5 . 0 0 _____ _________________________________
9 5 . 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 0 0 .0 0 ______ _________________ _____________
1 0 0 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 0 5 . 0 0 ___________ ______ ___ ______________
1 0 5 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 1 0 . 0 0 __________________________ —_____ —
1 1 0 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 1 5 . 0 0 ____________________________________
1 1 5 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 2 0 . 0 0 _______________________ . ____________
1 2 0 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 2 5 .0 0 ____________________________________
1 2 5 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 3 0 .0 0 ____________________________________
1 3 0 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 3 5 .0 0 _ ________________ —_______________
_
1 3 5 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 4 0 .0 0 ____________________________________
1 4 0 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 4 5 .0 0 ______ ______________ —— ________—
1 4 5 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 5 0 . 0 0 ________ —_______________________ —
1 5 0 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 5 5 . 0 0 ____________________________________
1 5 5 .0 0 a n d o v e r — ________ _____________—-----------------------------------

121

50

31

15

A ll
s ch e d u le s

40

71

XXX

15

16

M a n u f a c t u r in g
A ll
in d u s tr ie s

B a s e d on sta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u r s 6 o f —

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

A ll
s ch e d u le s

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d _______

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

A ll
s ch e d u le s

40

121

50

XXX

51

20

40

XXX

11

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

B a s e d on sta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u r s 6 o f—

20

1
1
1
2

1
1
-

-

1
2
1

1

1

2
2
1
3

2

4

3

XXX

31

21

1

-

-

1

-

4
2
3
1

2

2

2
2
2

1
_

3

3

2

2

1

-

-

1

-

6
4
5
3

1

3

71

4
2
3
1

-

1

1

5

-

40

1
1
5
1

2

1
2
1
2

A ll
s ch e d u le s

1
1
1

1

4

1
1
1

1

2

1

1

1

1

2

1

1

1

1

4
1

1

1

5
2
1

1

4

4

:

3
1

1

1

3
1

2

2

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

i
i

1

2

1

1

3

1

1

2

2

i
5

1
1

1
1

4

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g n o s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m _________________

14

8

XXX

6

XXX

35

21

XXX

14

XXX

E s t a b lis h m e n t s w h ic h d id n o t e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in t h i s c a t e g o r y _______________ ______________________

76

27

XXX

49

XXX

35

9

XXX

26

XXX

S ee

fo o tn o te s

at e n d




o f ta b le s .

13

4




Table B-2. Late-shift pay provisions for manufacturing plant workers
in Akron, Ohio, December 1973
( A l l p l a n t w o r k e r s in m a n u f a c t u r i n g ■ 1 0 0 p e r c e n t )
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t w o r k e r s —
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g p r o v i s i o n s 7
f o r la t e s h ifts

L a te -s h ift pay p r o v is io n

S e c o n d s h ift

T o t a l ____________

______________________

— -------

9 7 .4

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift

9 3 .0

A c t u a ll y w o r k in g on la te s h ifts

S e c o n d s h ift

2 3 .9

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift

1 2 .9

____

6 .5

1 .2

1 .2

0 .1

P a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k o n l a t e s h i f t -------------------

9 0 .8

9 1 .9

2 2 .6

1 2 .8

____

6 9 .4

6 5 .4

1 5 .1

9 .4

5 cen ts
------- --------- -----------5 l c e n t s ____ ________
/i
—
6 c e n t s ___________________________ — -----------7 cen ts_
_
—
—
- — ------------8 c e n t s _____ __ - ___________ __________________
8 Va c e n t s — — —
—
------S*/s c e n t s ______________________________ _______
9 c e n t s _________________________________ ______
10 c e n t s __________________
_________________
11 c e n t s ______________
— --------_ -----12 c e n t s ----------------------------------- -----15 c e n t s ..___ _________________________ ____
18 c e n t s ________________ _________
___ ____
20 c e n t s .
„
30 c e n t s _
_ —
—
----------

1 .0
2 .1
2 3 .6
8 .4
.5
6 .4
7 .1
1 0 .2
1.7
5 .5
2 .9

.6
2 4 .0
.4
2 .1
6 .4
7 .8
6 .4
2 .0
1 .4
5 .5
1 .2
6 .0
1 .6

.1
.6
6 .1
1 .4
.8
2 .0
1 .5
.6
1 .6
.4

-

( 8)
.6
.2

2 0 .4

1 9 .3

7 .4

2 .8

1 8 .4

1 .6
6 .1
1 1 .7

7 .0

N o p a y d if f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k on la te s h if t -

T y p e and a m ou n t o f d iffe r e n tia l:
U n i f o r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r ) ___

_________

U n i f o r m p e r c e n t a g e ____________________

_

5 p e r c e n t —____________________________________
7 Vj p e r c e n t - ________________________________
10 p e r c e n t _________ _____ __ _
12 p e r c e n t _____________ _
_
___

-

-

.8
1 .2

-

-

.2
.2

_
-

4 .8
.1
.5
.5
1 .7
.2
.4
-

.5

.

1 .1
1 .7
"

F u l l d a y 's p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s ------------------

-

3 .0

-

.4

O t h e r f o r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l --------------------------

1 .0

4 .2

.1

.3

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .

14

Table B-3. Scheduled w eekly hours and days of first-shift workers in Akron, Ohio, December 1973
P e r c e n t o f p la n t w o r k e r s
W e e k ly h o u r s an d d a y s

A l l w o r k e r s __

__________

__________________

A ll in d u s t r ie s

—

U n d e r 3 5 h o u r s — 5 d a y s _______________ ______________
35 h o u r s — 5 d a y s ____________________________________
36 h o u r s .
______________iril_ .rir r
5 d a y s ____________________
______________
_____ ____
____________ —
—
- —
6 days
3 6 V3 h o u r s — 5 d a y s _________ _________________________
3 6 V2 h o u r s — 5 d a y s - ______ - ___ — —________________
3 7 V4 h o u r s — 5 d a y s _________________________________
3 7 ‘/z h o u r s — 5 d a y s ____________________________________
3 8 l h o u r s — 5 d a y s _________________ ________________
h
3 8 % h o u r s — 5 d a y s __________________ ____________
4 0 h o u r s _________ _______________
_______ ________
5 d a y s __________________________________________________
5 V2 d a y s _ ________ ________________________________
_
_
O v e r 4 0 a n d u n d e r 4 4 h o u r s ________________________
5 d a y s _________________________________________________
5 V2 d a y s _________________________________________ ___
6 d a y s ____________________________ __________________
4 4 h o u r s — 5 '/z d a y s ____________________________________
_________________
4 5 h o u r s — 5 d a y s __________________
4 8 h o u r s — 6 d a y s _______________________________________
5 0 h o u r s — 6 d a y s ------------------------------------------------------- O v e r 50 h o u r s ___________________________________________
5 V2 d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------------6 days.
__________
_
_
_
_
____

S ee

fo o tn o te

at end




100
1
2
15
4
12
6
64
64
1
2
1
(’ )
1
4
1
2
1
2
1
1

P e r c e n t o f o ffic e w o r k e r s

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A ll in d u s t r ie s

100

100

100

100

100

-

87
87
-

1

-

-

21
3
18
5
63
63
1
1
6
1

“
13
“
~

(’ )
1
2
1
1

o f t a b le s .

15

(!)
(’ )
-

M a n u f a c t u r in g

4

-

(9)

(’ )

(’ )

4
2
2

86
86
n

1
1

<’ )
(’ )
-

1

98
98
(’ )
(’ )
-

P u b li c u t ilit ie s

100
100
-

Table B-4. Annual paid holidays in Akron, Ohio, December 1973
P e r c e n t o f p la n t w o r k e r s

P e r c e n t o f o ffic e w o r k e r s

Ite m
A ll in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A ll in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u tilitie s

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
p a id h o l i d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
n o p a id h o l i d a y s ------ ---------- _ --------------

100

100

100

10 0

100

97

100

100

100

100

100

3

■

•

"

•

“

1
7
5
16
20
1

3
5
4
18
2
56
2
11

-

(’ )
3

1
2

-

N u m b e r o f d a y s 10
U n d e r 6 h o lid a y s
_
----— - —
6 h o l i d a y s ------------------------------------------------------ —
-----6 h o l i d a y s p lu s 2 h a l f d a y s
-----------—
7 h o lid a y s
—
__
_
—
7 h o l i d a y s p lu s 3 h a l f d a y s -----------------------------------------7 h o l i d a y s p lu s 4 h a l f d a y s _ —
--------------------- ---ft h o l i d a y s
.
. __ _________ „
9 h o lid a y s
_
_
_ 9 h o l i d a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y —
_
__ _
----------------------------10 h o l i d a y s ------------- -----10 h o l i d a y s p l u s 2 h a l f d a y s ------------- ----------------------11 h o l i d a y s ------------- -------------------------- ----------------- —
------------ --------- ---------12 h o l i d a y s
13 h o l i d a y s .
___ _________

39
2
7

41
40
19
-

2
29
1
60
“
1

'

*

(’ )
9
33
1
40
2
1

24
7
16
32
3
19
“

(’ )
3

(’ )
4

"

(’ )
7
1

T o t a l h o l i d a y t i m e 11
13 d a y s _____________________________________________________
12 d a y s o r m o r e ____ —______________________________ __
11 d a y s o r m o r e ----- _ —
—
--------------------------10 d a y s o r m o r e --------------------------- ----------------------------------9 Vz d a y s o r m o r e ---------------------------------------- —
- —
9 days or m o r e ---------------------------------------------- ------8 Vz d a y s o r m o r e ----------------------------------------------------------------------- —
8 days or m o r e —
- -----------7 d a y s o r m o r e ----------------------------------------------------------------6 d a y s o r m o r e ----------------------------------------------------------------5 days or m o r e ------------ -----—
-------------- 3 days or m ore
- --------------2 days or m o r e .
—
- —

7
9
47
48
68
68
84
89
96
96
97
97

19
19
59
59
100
100
100
100
100
100

.
11
13
69
70
88
88
92
97
100
100
100
100

S e e fo o tn o te s at en d o f ta b le s .




16

3
3
6
46
47
80
80
90
97
99
99
99
100

4
4
5
65
66
95
95
97
99
100
100
100
100

19
21
21
53
60
76
100
100
10 0
10 0
10 0

Table B-4a. Identification of major paid holidays in Akron, Ohio, December 1973
P e r c e n t o f p la n t w o r k e r s

P e r c e n t o f o ffic e w o r k e r s

H o l i d a y 10
A l l in d u s t r ie s

A l l w o r k e r s ____________________

—

_

_
_

N e w Y e a r ' s D a y _ ------------------------------W a s h i n g t o n 's B i r t h d a y __ ________ _____ ____
G o o d F r i d a y ___________________________
____ _ --------G o o d F r i d a y , h a l f d a y ___
__________ . —
—
E a s t e r M o n d a y ________ — ---- --------- ----------------------M e m o r i a l D a y ---- --------------------- -------------------------------F o u r t h o f J u l y ______________________________________ ___
F i f t h o f J u l y ____________________________________________
L a b o r D a y __
.
__ _______ __
__
__ _
_
C o lu m b u s D a y _
_ _____
_____ _ _ ------------V e t e r a n s D a y __________________________________________
T h a n k s g iv in g D a y _
_______________ ____________
D a y a f t e r T h a n k s g i v i n g ________________ _ _
_ _
C h r i s t m a s E v e ______________________ _____________
____ - _____ — __
C h r is t m a s E v e , h a lf d a y _
C h r is t m a s D a y
______ _______ ____________________ _
A ll w o rk in g d a y s b e tw e e n C h r is tm a s D ay
____
______ .
a n d N e w Y e a r ' s E v e 12.
N e w Y e a r 1s E v e ________ _________ ___________________—
N e w Y e a r ' s E v e , h a l f d a y — ______________________
F l o a t i n g h o l i d a y , 1 d a y 13------- ---------- ---------------------—
F l o a t i n g h o l i d a y , 2 d a y s 13 __. ________
______
F l o a t i n g h o l i d a y , 3 d a y s 13
_
_
E m p l o y e e ' s b i r t h d a y _________________________ ______
E m p l o y e e ' s a n n i v e r s a r y ______ _________________

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

M a n u f a c t u r in g

P u b li c u t ilit ie s

100

100

100

100

100

100

96
8
36
22
96
96
7
95
2
96
33
61
96

100
2
42
31
100
100
10
99
1
100
45
80
99

100
43
55

100
16
25
1
31
99
99
16
98
10
13
99
24
65
3
99

10 0
2
30
48
100
100
24
98
2
98
30
92
99

100
43
55
7
100
100
100
16
100
20
16
26
100

7
38
1
38
5
2
21
4

11
57
2
45
3
3
7

3
39
3
44
3
3
12
4

4
60
i
58
5
2
6

26
33
19

100
100
100
10
100
30
37
100
19
14
55

See fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le s .




A ll in d u s tr ie s

17

23

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions in Akron, Ohio, December 1973
P e r c e n t o f p la n t w o r k e r s

P e r c e n t o f o ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a t io n p o lic y
M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll in d u s tr ie s

100

100

100

100

10 0

100

99
64
35

100
53
47

100
88
12

100
99
1

10 0
99
1

100
10 0
-

1

“

A ll in d u s tr ie s

A ll w o r k e r s

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b li c u tilitie s

M eth od o f p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
p a id v a c a t i o n s
_
__
__
_ __. _ 7
,
L e n g th -o f-tim e p a ym en t
_
___
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t _______________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
n o p a id v a c a t i o n s
_______

"

*

'

1
27
13

40
-

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 14
A ft e r 6 m o n th s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k . .............
1 w eek
_ __
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ____________________________
2 w eeks

5
13
1

_

5
15
-

2
27
10

21
-

1

(9 )

-

(9 >

-

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek
1 w e e k ______________________________________________ _______
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s
2 w eeks

_

1
48
3
48

_

-

-

14
(9 )
86

8
46
20
26

40
i
59

4
96

37
1
62

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1
_ _

_ ___

8

-

-

-

36
2
62

3

2

-

4
59
29

3

1
62

3

O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ___
2 w eeks
______ _
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s

-

33

U nder 1 w eek

(9 )
96

(’ )
97

(9 >

'

97
1

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1
O
2
O

w eek _ _
_ _
v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s
w eeks
v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s
w eeks
_
_

_

_ _ _
___ __ _

8

_

_

_

_

_
_

9
1
78
11
1

63
29

96

-

1

8

3

9
1
79
10
1

__ _
_
_

8
1
79
11

8
63
29

(9 )
96

(9 )
-

3

-

-

-

97
1

95
4
1

2

A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

O
2
O
3

v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s
w e e k s _ __ __ __
v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ____________________________
w eeks
__

1
80
10
1

1

3
1

95
4
1

97
1
2

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1
2
O
3

w e e k _____________________________________________________
w eeks
_
__
v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s
w eeks
_
___

See

fo o tn o te s




2
40
6
51

1
34
4
61

8
63
29

a t en d o f t a b le s .

18

(9 )
44
1
54

-

-

27
1
72

97
1
2

Table B -5. Paid vacation provisions in Akron, Ohio, December 1973— Continued
P e rce n t* o f o ffic e w o r k e r s

P e r c e n t o f p la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a t io n p o lic y
A ll in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A ll in d u s tr ie s

M a n u f a c t u r in g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

2
1
91
5
2

-

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 14— C o n t in u e d
A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

l

We e k ______________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------2 w e e k s _________________ _______ ________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ____________________________
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ____________________________
4 w e e k s - ____________ - ------- --------- ---------------

A fte r

-

-

6
1
77
12
3

8
63
29

( 9)
1
6
1
74
11
7

4
1
79
12
4

-

“

( 9)
3
(9)
92
3
1

99
1
“

12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k ______________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w e e k s ______________________ ____ ____________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ___________________
3 w e e k s — _________________________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------4 w e e k s ______ — ---- ---------- --------- ------------ ---------A fte r

(’ )
i
7
1
73
11
6

8
63
29

( 9)
93
3
1

( 9)
1
40
1
57

(9)
25
1
74

( 9)

_

2
1
91
5
2

“

( 9)
2

99
1

15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k _____________________________________________________
2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------3 w e e k s ___ ____________________ __________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _____________________ ___
4 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------- O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s _______________________ —

( 9)
5
(’ )
38
1
53
2

-

-

3
1
35

8
43
-

( 9)
61

20
29

“

-

65
34
1

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s _____ __________ _____________ _ _________________
_
_
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------_
_ _ . . . . _______
_
n, . ,
3 w eeks
_
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ------------ --------------------------4 w e e k s ___________________________________________________
O v e r 4 and u n d er 5 w e e k s . _
_ _ -----------------5 w e e k s __________ ________________ ______________________
_
O v e r 5 a n d u n d e r 6 w e e k s -------------------------------------------

(’ )
3
1
11
1
35
1
46
2

_

8
-

1
11
-

-

28

54

( 9)
60

-

“

9
28

-

--

1
10
1
22

-

( 9)
1
11
37
(9)
50

_

-

( 9)
3
-

-

26

93
6
1

-

71

( 9)

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ______________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ___________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ___________ ____ —
3 w e e k s ----------------------------------- ----------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ______________________
—
4 w e e k s ___ _______________________________________ ____
O ver 4 and u n der 5 w eek s
----------------------------------- 5 w e e k s ---------------- -------------------- — _ ____ _ —
.
O v e r 5 a n d u n d e r 6 w e e k s -------------------------------------------

(’ )

3

1
10
1
29
1
52
2

8
-

11
-

-

30
-

33

24

(’ )

2

(9)
65

33

1
55

( 9)
74

“

29

(9 )

"

S ee fo o t n o t e s a t en d o f t a b le s .




_

( 9)
1
-

19

_
72
28
1

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions in Akron, Ohio, December 1973— Continued
P e r c e n t o f p la n t w o r k e r s

P e r c e n t o f o ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a t io n p o lic y
A ll in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A ll in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b li c u t ilit ie s

.

50
“
49
1

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 14— C o n t in u e d

A f t e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k __________________________________________________ —
2 w eeks
--------- ---------------------------------------------- ---------- O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------ --------------------3 w e e k s ________________ _______________ _________ - —
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s --------------------------------------- 4 w eeks
—
--------------------------------------------------- —
O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ------------------------------------------5 w e e k s ____ ___________ __________________________________
_
O v e r 5 a n d u n d e r 6 w e e k s ----------------— —
6 w e e k s _______________________
__
------ ------ -

(’ )
3
1
10
1
24
1
25
2
32

i
10
1
17

8
11

(’ )
23
47

52
29

-

(’ )
i
11
28
(’ )
15
(’ )
44

(’ )
2
19
(9)
14
65

"

M a x im u m v a c a t io n a v a ila b le
1 w e e k ______________________________________________
2 w e e k s ____________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s - --------- — ------- —
3 « /P p 1 5
c
..
.
__ __ .
_
^
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ------ —
------- - —
4 w e e k s ________________
____
O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ------------------------------------------5 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 5 a n d u n d e r 6 w e e k s ------------------------------------------6 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

(’ )
3
1
10
1
24
1
25
2
32

_

-

1

8

-

10
1
17

-

11
52
29

(’ )
23
-

47

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




(’ )
1
11

20

28

.

-

(9)
2
19

50
49
1

(’ )
15

14

( 9)
44

65

Table B-6. Health, insurance, and pension plan provisions in Akron, Ohio, December 1973
P e r c e n t o f p la n t w o r k e r s
T y p e o f b e n e fit and
fin a n c in g 1
5

A ll in d u s t r ie s

A l l w o r k e r s _______________________________________

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g at
le a s t 1 o f th e b e n e fit s sh ow n b e lo w
__

____

L i f e i n s u r a n c e ______________________________________
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ________________________
A c c id e n t a l d e a th and d is m e m b e r m e n t
i n s u r a n c e ___________________________________________
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ________________________
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k l e a v e o r b o t h 16________ __________________

P e r c e n t o f o ffic e w o rk e rs

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A l l in d u s t r ie s

100

100

100

100

100

M a n u fa c tu r in g

\
P u b li c u t ilit ie s

100

98

100

100

99

100

100

96
83

100
96

100
100

98
89

100
96

10 0
10 0

82
71

93
89

81
74

80
73

86
83

78
68

94

100

97

85

87

97

S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e __________
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ____________________
S ic k l e a v e ( f u l l p a y a n d n o
w a it i n g p e r i o d ) _______________________________
S ic k l e a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a it i n g p e r i o d ) ___ ___________________ ________

82
78

99
95

76
76

68
65

83
81

76
76

8

2

19

69

77

10

4

28

6

L o n g - t e r m d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e -----------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ________________________
H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e _______________________
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ____________ _________
S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e --------------------------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ________________________
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e _________________________________
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s -------------------------------------M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e ________________________
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ________________________
D e n t a l i n s u r a n c e ___________________________________
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ________________________
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n _______________________________
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ________________________

13
12
97
83
96
83
94
82
64
49
9
9
90
88

17
16
99
95
99
95
98
94
58
54

10
10
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
45
45
97
97

60
48
99
85
99
85
98
85
77
58
4
3
95
84

(’ )
n
98
98

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




21

72
25

77
64
99
97
99
97
99
97
66
59
1
(’ )
99
89

26
4
10 0
10 0
10 0
10 0
100
10 0
100
10 0
24
24
92
92

Footnotes
A ll of these standard footnotes may not apply to this bulletin.

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime
at regular a n d/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of w orkers.
The median
designates position— half of the em ployees surveyed receive m ore and half receive le ss than the rate shown. The middle range is defined
by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn le ss than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn m ore than the higher rate.
3 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
4 These salaries relate to form ally established minimum starting (hiring) regular straight-tim e salaries that are paid for standard
workweeks.
5 Excludes workers in subclerical jobs such as m essenger.
6 Data are presented for all standard workweeks combined, and for the m ost common standard workweeks reported.
7 Includes all plant workers in establishments currently operating late sh ifts, and establishments whose form al provisions cover late
shifts, even though the establishments were not currently operating late shifts.
8 L ess than 0.05 percent.
9 L ess than 0.5 percent.
10 For purposes of this study, pay for a Sunday in D ecem ber, negotiated in the automobile industry, is not treated as a paid holiday.
1 A ll combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for exam ple, the proportion of workers receiving
1
a total of 9 days includes those with 9 full days and no half days, 8 full days and 2 half days, 7 full days and 4 half days, and so on.
Proportions then were cumulated.
1 These days are provided as part of a Christmas—New Y ear holiday period which typically begins with Christm as Eve and ends with
2
New Y e a r 's Day. Such a holiday period is common in the automobile, aerospace, and farm implement industries.
1 "F lo a tin g " holidays vary from year to year according to em ployer or employee choice.
3
1 Includes payments other than "length of t i m e ," such as percentage of annual earnings or fla t-su m payments, converted to an
4
equivalent tim e b a sis; for exam ple, 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 w eek's pay. Periods of service are chosen arbitrarily
and do not n ecessa rily reflect individual provisions for progression; for exam ple, changes in proportions at 10 years include changes between
5 and 10 y ea rs. Estim ates are cumulative. Thus, the proportion eligible for at least 3 w eeks' pay after 10 years includes those eligible for
at least 3 w eeks' pay after fewer years of service.
1 Estim ates listed after type of benefit are for all plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the em ployer. "Noncontributory
5
plan s" include only those financed entirely by the em ployer.
Excluded are legally required plans, such as workm en's compensation, social
security, and railroad retirem ent.
18 Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below. Sick leave plans are
lim ited to those which definitely establish at least the minimum number of days' pay that each employee can expect. Informal sick leave
allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.




22

Appendix A
A r e a w a g e a n d r e la t e d b e n e fit s d a ta a r e o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f ie l d
r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s a t 3 - y e a r i n t e r v a l s . 1 In e a c h o f t h e i n t e r v e n i n g ' y e a r s , i n f o r m a t i o n o n e m p l o y m e n t
and o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s is c o ll e c t e d b y a c o m b in a tio n o f p e r s o n a l v is it an d m a il q u e s t io n n a ir e
f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p a r t i c i p a t i n g in t h e p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .
In e a c h o f t h e 9 4 1 a r e a s c u r r e n t l y s u r v e y e d , d a ta a r e o b t a i n e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e
2
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h i n s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s : M a n u f a c t u r i n g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n ,
and o th e r p u b lic u t il it ie s ; w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a il t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ; and
s e r v ic e s .
M a j o r i n d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s e s t u d i e s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s a n d th e
c o n s tr u c tio n an d e x t r a c t iv e in d u s tr ie s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g f e w e r th a n a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f
w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d b e c a u s e o f i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in t h e o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d .
S e p a ra te
ta b u la t io n s a r e p r o v id e d f o r e a c h o f th e b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h ic h m e e t p u b lic a t io n c r i t e r i a .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p le b a s is .
T h e s a m p lin g p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e
d e t a i l e d s t r a t i f i c a t i o n o f a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h i n t h e s c o p e o f an i n d i v i d u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y
in d u s t r y a n d n u m b e r o f e m p l o y e e s . F r o m th is s t r a t if ie d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ili t y s a m p le i s s e l e c t e d ,
w it h e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a v i n g a p r e d e t e r m i n e d c h a n c e o f s e l e c t i o n .
T o o b t a in o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y
a t m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f l a r g e th a n s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s e l e c t e d .
W hen
d a ta a r e c o m b in e d , e a c h e s t a b lis h m e n t is w e ig h t e d a c c o r d i n g t o it s p r o b a b ili t y o f s e l e c t i o n , s o
th a t u n b ia s e d e s t im a t e s a r e g e n e r a t e d . F o r e x a m p le , i f o n e ou t o f f o u r e s t a b lis h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d ,
it i s g i v e n a w e ig h t o f f o u r t o r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f p lu s t h r e e o t h e r s .
A n a lte r n a te o f th e s a m e
o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y i s c h o s e n in t h e s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i f d a t a a r e n o t a v a i l a b l e
f o r th e o r ig in a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
I f n o s u i t a b l e s u b s t i t u t e i s a v a i l a b l e , a d d i t i o n a l w e ig h t is
a s s i g n e d t o a s a m p l e m e m b e r t h a t i s s i m i l a r t o t h e m i s s i n g u n it .
O c c u p a t io n s

and

A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u ld n o t b e a s s u m e d
to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s i n p a y o f th e s e x e s w it h i n i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
F a c t o r s w h ic h m a y
c o n t r i b u t e t o d i f f e r e n c e s i n c l u d e p r o g r e s s i o n w it h i n e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n l y th e r a t e s
p a id in c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d , a n d p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c d u t i e s w it h i n t h e g e n e r a l s u r v e y j o b
d e s c r ip tio n s .
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d t o c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s u s u a l l y a r e m o r e
g e n e r a l i z e d th a n t h o s e u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .
O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t t h e t o t a l i n a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h i n th e
s c o p e o f th e s t u d y a n d n o t th e n u m b e r a c t u a l l y s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e s a m o n g
e s t a b lis h m e n t s
d iffe r , e s tim a te s
o f o c c u p a tio n a l
e m p l o y m e n t o b t a in e d f r o m
th e s a m p le o f
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n l y t o i n d i c a t e th e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f t h e j o b s s t u d i e d .
T h ese
d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e d o n o t a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f t h e e a r n i n g s d a t a .
W age

tre n d s

fo r

s e le c te d

o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s

I n d e x e s in t a b l e A - 7 m e a s u r e w a g e s a t a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t o f w a g e s
d u r i n g th e b a s e p e r i o d .
S u b t r a c t i n g 1 0 0 f r o m th e i n d e x y i e l d s t h e p e r c e n t c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m
t h e b a s e p e r i o d t o t h e d a t e o f th e i n d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e in t a b l e s A - 7
a n d A - 8 r e l a t e t o w a g e c h a n g e s b e t w e e n th e i n d i c a t e d d a t e s .
A n n u al r a te s o f in c r e a s e , w h ere
s h o w n , r e f l e c t th e a m o u n t o f i n c r e a s e f o r 12 m o n t h s w h e n t h e t i m e s p a n b e t w e e n s u r v e y s w a s
o t h e r th a n 12 m o n t h s .
T h e s e c o m p u t a t io n s a r e b a s e d o n th e a s s u m p t io n th a t w a g e s i n c r e a s e d a t
a co n sta n t ra te b etw een s u r v e y s .

E a r n in g s

O c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e c o m m o n t o a v a r i e t y o f m a n u fa c t u r in g an d n o n ­
m a n u fa c t u r in g in d u s t r i e s , an d a r e o f th e f o ll o w in g t y p e s :
( 1 ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2 ) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d
t e c h n ic a l ; (3 ) m a in t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p la n t ; a n d (4 ) c u s t o d i a l an d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t .
O c c u p a t io n a l
c la s s if ic a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s ig n e d to ta k e a c c o u n t o f in t e r ­
e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in d u t i e s w it h in t h e s a m e j o b .
O c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r stu d y a r e lis t e d
a n d d e s c r i b e d in a p p e n d i x B .
U n l e s s o t h e r w i s e i n d i c a t e d , t h e e a r n i n g s d a ta f o l l o w i n g t h e j o b
t it le s a r e f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s c o m b in e d .
E a r n i n g s d a t a f o r s o m e o f th e o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d a n d
d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w it h i n o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in t h e A - s e r i e s
t a b l e s , b e c a u s e e i t h e r ( 1 ) e m p l o y m e n t in t h e o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a ta t o
m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t d a ta .
E a r n i n g s d a t a n o t s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e i n c l u d e d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d
d a ta , w h e re sh ow n .
L ik e w is e ,
d a ta a r e i n c l u d e d in t h e o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n w h e n a s u b ­
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f e l e c t r o n i c s t e c h n ic i a n s , s e c r e t a r i e s , o r t r u c k d r i v e r s is n ot s h o w n o r in fo r m a t i o n
t o s u b c la s s ify is n ot a v a ila b le .

P e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e r e p o r t e d in t a b le s A - 7 a n d A - 8 r e f l e c t tw o d if f e r e n t m e a s u r e s o f
w age m ov em en t.
T a b l e A - 7 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s o f o f f i c e
c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d in d u s t r ia l n u r s e s a n d a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f s k il le d m a in te n a n c e an d
u n s k i l l e d p la n t w o r k e r s in t h e a r e a .
T a b l e A - 8 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e h o u r l y
e a r n i n g s f o r th e s a m e o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , a d j u s t e d t o e x c l u d e t h e e f f e c t o f e m p l o y m e n t s h i f t s .
T h e m e t h o d u s e d t o c o m p u t e w a g e t r e n d s in t a b l e A - 8 i s b a s e d o n c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e h o u r l y
e a r n i n g s f o r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s r e p o r t i n g i n d e x j o b s in b o t h t h e c u r r e n t a n d p r e v i o u s y e a r ( m a t c h e d
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ) ; e s t a b l i s h m e n t e m p l o y m e n t in t h e j o b s w a s h e l d c o n s t a n t .
D a ta f o r t h e m a t c h e d
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e w e i g h t e d t o r e p r e s e n t a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s r e p o r t i n g th e j o b in t h e p r e v i o u s y e a r .
M eth od
O ffic e

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e t h e l e v e l o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s in a n a r e a a t a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e .
C o m p a r is o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r t im e m a y n o t r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s .
T h e a v e r a g e s f o r i n d i v i d u a l j o b s a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s a n d e m p l o y m e n t p a t t e r n s .
F or
e x a m p le , p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y h ig h - o r lo w -w a g e f ir m s m a y c h a n g e , o r h ig h -w a g e
w o r k e r s m a y a d v a n c e to b e t t e r jo b s a n d b e r e p la c e d b y n ew w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a t e s .
S u ch
s h i f t s in e m p l o y m e n t c o u l d d e c r e a s e a n o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e e v e n t h o u g h m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in
an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s d u r in g th e y e a r .
T r e n d s in e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , s h o w n in
t a b l e s A - 7 a n d A - 8 , a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s th a n i n d i v i d u a l j o b s w it h i n t h e g r o u p s .

1 Personal visits were on a 2-year c y c le before July 1972.
2 Included in the 94 areas are 8 studies conducted by die Bureau under contract. These areas are Austin, T e x .; Binghamton, N .Y . —
P a .; Durham, N. C . ; Port Lauderdale—H ollywood and West Palm Beach, F la .; Huntsville, A l a .; Lexington, K y .; Melbourne—Titusville—C ocoa,
F la .; and Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N .Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies in approxim ately 70 areas
at the request o f the Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department o f Labor.




c o m p u t in g

c le r ic a l

w age

tre n d s .

O c c u p a tio n s

(m e n and w o m e n ):

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s B
C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c la s s e s A and B
C le r k s , file , c la s s e s A , B, and C
C le r k s , o r d e r
C le r k s , p a y r o ll
K eyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c la s s e s A and B
M e s s e n g e r s ( o ffic e b o y s and g ir ls )
S e c r e ta r ie s
S ten ogra p h ers, g en era l
S te n o g r a p h e r s , s e n io r
S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s e s A and B
T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s B
T y p is ts , c la s s e s A and B

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t an d e a r n in g s d a ta a r e s h o w n f o r f u ll - t im e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o s e
h ir e d to w o rk a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d u le .
E a r n i n g s d a ta e x c l u d e p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d
f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o li d a y s , a n d la te s h ift s .
N o n p r o d u c t io n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , b u t c o s t o f - l i v i n g a ll o w a n c e s a n d in c e n t i v e b o n u s e s a r e in c lu d e d .
W e e k ly h o u r s f o r o f f ic e c l e r i c a l and
p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s r e f e r t o t h e s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k (r o u n d e d t o t h e n e a r e s t
h a lf h o u r ) f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s (e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r
o v e r t im e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ).
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s fo r t h e s e o c c u p a t io n s a r e
r o u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s r e f le c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w id e e s t im a t e s .
I n d u s t r ie s a n d e s t a b lis h m e n t s
d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l a n d j o b s t a f f i n g , a n d t h u s c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y t o t h e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
P a y a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l t o r e f l e c t a c c u r a t e l y t h e w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l a m o n g j o b s in i n d i v i d u a l
e sta b li s h m e n t s .

of

In dex es

fo r

in d iv id u a l a r e a s

in t h e p r o g r a m

used

to

com p u te

w age

tre n d s

are:

I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m e n a n d w o m e n ):
N u rses,

in d u s t r ia l ( r e g i s t e r e d )

S k ille d m a in t e n a n c e ( m e n ) :
C a rp e n te r s
E le c tr ic ia n s
M a c h in is ts
M e c h a n ic s
M e c h a n ic s (a u t o m o t iv e )
P a in t e r s
P ip e fitte r s
T o o l a n d d ie m a k e r s
U n s k i l l e d p la n t ( m e n ) :
J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s
L a b o r e r s , m a t e r i a l h a n d lin g
are

co m p u te d

as

fo llo w s :

1.
E a c h o c c u p a t i o n i s a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d o n i t s p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t in t h e
s e l e c t e d g r o u p o f o c c u p a t i o n s in t h e b a s e y e a r .
2.
T h e s e w e ig h ts a r e u s e d to c o m p u t e g r o u p a v e r a g e s .
E a c h o c c u p a t i o n 's a v e r a g e
(m e a n ) e a r n in g s is m u lt ip lie d b y it s w e ig h t.
T h e p r o d u c t s a r e t o t a le d to o b t a in a g r o u p a v e r a g e .
3.
T h e r a t i o o f g r o u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s i s c o m p u t e d b y d i v i d i n g th e
a v e r a g e f o r t h e c u r r e n t y e a r b y t h e a v e r a g e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
T he r e s u lts — e x p r e s s e d a s a
p e r c e n t — le s s 100 is th e p e r c e n t c h a n g e .
4.
T h e c u r r e n t y e a r ' s i n d e x i s o b t a i n e d b y m u l t i p l y i n g t h e p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s i n d e x b y th e
r a t i o o f th e c u r r e n t y e a r ' s g r o u p a v e r a g e t o th e p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s g r o u p a v e r a g e .

23

L i m i t a t i o n s o f d a t a . I n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a s p r e s e n t e d in
t a b le A - 7 , a r e in flu e n c e d b y (1 ) g e n e r a l s a la r y an d w a g e c h a n g e s , (2 ) m e r it o r o th e r p a y in c r e a s e s
r e c e i v e d in t h e s a m e j o b , ( 3 ) c h a n g e s i n a v e r a g e w a g e s d u e t o l a b o r t u r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s
or
r e d u c tio n s ,
and
(4 ) c h a n g e s
r e s u lt in g
w hen
e s t a b lis h m e n t s e n t e r
an d le a v e th e a r e a .
O c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s c a n i n c r e a s e o r d e c r e a s e w it h o u t a n y a c t u a l c h a n g e in w a g e s . F o r e x a m p l e ,
e v e n th ou gh a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts g iv e w a g e i n c r e a s e s , a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y d e c lin e b e c a u s e lo w e r p a y in g e s t a b lis h m e n t s e n t e r th e a r e a o r e x p a n d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s . S i m i l a r l y , w a g e s m a y r e m a in
r e la t iv e ly c o n s t a n t , y e t a v e r a g e s r is e b e c a u s e h ig h e r -p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n t s e n t e r th e a r e a o r
ex p a n d th e ir w o rk fo r c e .
A s m e n t i o n e d , d a t a in t a b l e A - 8 a r e a d j u s t e d t o r e m o v e s o m e o f t h e
l i m i t a t i o n s t o t h e i n f o r m a t i o n in t a b l e A - 7 , p a r t i c u l a r l y c h a n g e s r e s u l t i n g f r o m f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s
o r r e d u c t io n s an d f r o m th e a d d itio n o r d e le t io n o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s in th e s u r v e y s a m p le .
E s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s a n d s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v is io n s
T h e B - s e r i e s t a b le s p r o v id e in fo r m a t io n on e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p le m e n ta r y
w a g e p r o v i s i o n s f o r p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
" P la n t w o r k e r s " in c lu d e w o r k in g fo r e m e n a n d a ll
n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s ( i n c l u d i n g l e a d m e n a n d t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f i c e f u n c t i o n s . C a f e t e r i a
w o r k e r s and
ro u te m e n
. r e e x c l u d e d f r o m m a n u f a c t u r i n g , b u t i n c l u d e d in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g
in d u s t r ie s . " O f f ic e w o r k e r s " in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r s a n d n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g
c l e r i c a l o r r e la t e d fu n c t io n s . A d m in is t r a t iv e , e x e c u t iv e , a n d p r o f e s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s a r e e x c lu d e d .
M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s r e l a t e o n ly t o t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d .
(S e e t a b le B - l . )
B e c a u s e o f t h e o p t i m u m s a m p l i n g t e c h n i q u e s u s e d a n d t h e p r o b a b i l i t y th a t l a r g e
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e m o r e l i k e l y th a n s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s t o h a v e f o r m a l e n t r a n c e r a t e s a b o v e t h e
s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l , t h e t a b l e i s m o r e r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f p o l i c i e s in m e d i u m a n d l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
S h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l d a t a a r e l i m i t e d t o p la n t w o r k e r s in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
(S e e
t a b le B - 2 . )
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f ( 1 ) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y 3* f o r t o t a l p la n t
w o r k e r e m p lo y m e n t , a n d (2 ) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e f o r w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d on th e s p e c i f i e d s h ift at th e
t im e o f th e s u r v e y .
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , t h e a m o u n t a p p l y i n g t o a
m a jo r it y is u s e d ; if n o a m o u n t a p p lie s t o a m a jo r it y , th e c la s s if ic a t i o n " o t h e r " is u s e d .
In
e s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g s o m e l a t e - s h i f t h o u r s p a id at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d if f e r e n c e i s r e c o r d e d o n ly
i f it a p p l ie s t o a m a j o r i t y o f th e s h ift h o u r s .
A s e c o n d (e v e n in g ) s h ift e n d s w o r k at o r n e a r
m id n ig h t.
A t h i r d ( n ig h t ) s h i f t s t a r t s w o r k a t o r n e a r m i d n i g h t .
T h e s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s a n d d a y s o f a m a j o r i t y o f t h e f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in a n
e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y i n g t o a l l p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f t h a t e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
(S e e
t a b le B - 3 . ) S c h e d u le d w e e k l y h o u r s a n d d a y s a r e t h o s e w h ic h a m a jo r i t y o f f u l l - t i m e e m p lo y e e s
a r e e x p e c te d to w o r k fo r s tr a ig h t-tim e o r o v e r tim e r a te s .
P a i d h o l i d a y s ; p a i d v a c a t i o n s ; a n d h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p la n s a r e t r e a t e d
s t a t i s t i c a l l y a s a p p l y i n g t o a l l p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f a m a j o r i t y o f s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e
o r m a y e v e n tu a lly q u a lify f o r th e p r a c t ic e s lis t e d .
(S ee ta b le s B - 4 th r o u g h B - 6 .)
Sum s of
i n d i v i d u a l i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 t h r o u g h B - 5 m a y n o t e q u a l t o t a l s b e c a u s e o f r o u n d i n g .

T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t i o n p la n s i s a s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e o f v a c a t i o n p r o v is io W p r a t h e r t h a n
a m e a s u r e o f th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s a c t u a lly r e c e iv in g s p e c i f i c b e n e f it s .
( S e e 't a b l e B - 5 )
P r o v i s i o n s a p p l y t o a l l p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t r e g a r d l e s s o f le n g t h o f s e r v i c e .
P a y m e n ts on o th e r th a n a t im e b a s is a r e c o n v e r t e d t o a t im e p e r io d ; f o r e x a m p le , 2 p e r c e n t o f
a n n u a l e a r n i n g s a r e c o n s i d e r e d e q u i v a l e n t t o 1 w e e k 's p a y .
O n ly b a s i c p la n s a r e i n c l v d e d .
E s t im a t e s e x c lu d e v a c a t io n b o n u s e s , v a c a t io n -s a v in g s p la n s , an d " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t ic a l"
b e n e fit s b e y o n d b a s ic p la n s .
S u c h p r o v i s i o n s a r e t y p i c a l in t h e s t e e l ,
a lu m in u m , an d ca n
in d u s t r ie s .

H e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p la n s f o r w h i c h t h e e m p l o y e r p a y s a t l e a s t a p a r t o f
th e c o s t in c lu d e
t h o s e (1 ) u n d e r w r it t e n
b y a c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n y
o r n o n p r o fit
o r g a n i z a t i o n , . ( 2 ) p r o v i d e d t h r o u g h a u n io n f u n d , o r ( 3 ) p a i d d i r e c t l y b y t h e e m p l o y e r o u t o f
c u r r e n t o p e r a t in g
flu id s o r
fr o m
a fu n d s e t a s i d e
( o r t h is p u r p o s e .
(S e e t a b l e B - 6 . )
An
e s t a b l i s h m e n t i s c o n s i d e r e d t o h a v e s u c h a p la n i f t h e m a j o r i t y o f e m p l o y e e s a r e c o v e r e d e v e n
t h o u g h l e s s t h a n a m a j o r i t y p a r t i c i p a t e u n d e r t h e p la n b e c a u s e e m p l o y e e s a r e r e q u i r e d t o
c o n t r i b u t e t o w a r d t h e c o s t . E x c l u d e d a r e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d p l a n s , s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t i o n ,
s o c ia l s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t.

S ic k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e i s l i m it e d t o th a t t y p e o f in s u r a n c e u n d e r w h ic h p r e ­
d e t e r m i n e d c a s h p a y m e n t s a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y t o t h e i n s u r e d d u r in g t e m p o r a r y i l l n e s s o r a c c i d e n t
d is a b ility .
I n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s u c h p la n s t o w h i c h t h e
e m p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t e s .
H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k a n d N e w J e r s e y , w h i c h h a v e e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e la w s
r e q u i r i n g e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s , * p la n s a r e i n c l u d e d o n l y i f t h e e m p l o y e r ( 1 ) c o n t r i b u t e s m o r e
t h a n i s l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , o r (2 ) p r o v i d e s t h e e m p l o y e e w it h b e n e f i t s w h i c h e x c e e d t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s
o f t h e la w .
T a b u l a t i o n s o f p a i d s i c k l e a v e p la n s a r e l i m i t e d t o f o r m a l p la n s 5 w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l
p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f t h e w o r k e r ' s p a y d u r in g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f i l l n e s s . S e p a r a t e
t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g t o ( 1 ) p la n s w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y a n d n o w a it i n g p e r i o d ,
a n d (2 ) p la n s w h ic h p r o v id e e it h e r p a r t ia l p a y o r a w a itin g p e r io d .
In a d d i t i o n t o t h e p r e s e n t a t i o n
o f p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a id s i c k l e a v e , an
u n d u p lic a te d t o t a l is s h o w n o f w o r k e r s w h o r e c e i v e e it h e r o r b o th t y p e s o f b e n e f it s .
L o n g t e r m d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e p la n s p r o v i d e p a y m e n t s t o t o t a l l y d i s a b l e d e m p l o y e e s u p o n
th e e x p ir a t i o n o f t h e i r p a id s ic k le a v e a n d /o r s ic k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e , o r a f t e r a
p r e d e te r m in e d p e r io d o f d is a b ility (ty p ic a lly 6 m o n th s ).
P a y m e n t s a r e m a d e u n til th e e n d o f th e
d is a b ility , a m a x im u m a g e , o r e lig ib ilit y fo r r e tir e m e n t b e n e fits .
F u ll o r p a r t ia l p a y m e n ts a r e
a l m o s t a l w a y s r e d u c e d b y s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t i o n , a n d p r i v a t e p e n s i o n s b e n e f i t s
p a y a b le t o th e d is a b le d e m p lo y e e .

D a t a o n p a i d h o l i d a y s a r e l i m i t e d t o h o l i d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a ll y o n a f o r m a l b a s i s , w h i c h ( 1 )
a r e p r o v id e d f o r in w r it t e n f o r m , o r (2 ) a r e e s t a b lis h e d b y c u s t o m .
(S e e t a b le B - 4 . )
H o lid a y s
o r d in a r il y g r a n t e d a r e in c lu d e d e v e n th o u g h th e y m a y f a ll on a n o n w o r k d a y a n d th e w o r k e r is n ot
g ra n te d a n oth er day o ff.
T h e f i r s t p a r t o f th e p a id h o li d a y s ta b le p r e s e n t s th e n u m b e r o f w h o le
an d h a lf h o lid a y s a c t u a lly g r a n te d .
T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b in e s w h o le a n d h a lf h o li d a y s t o s h o w
t o ta l h o lid a y t im e .
T a b le B - 4 a
r e p o r t s th e in c i d e n c e o f th e m o s t c o m m o n p a id h o li d a y s .

M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e p la n s p r o t e c t e m p l o y e e s f r o m s i c k n e s s a n d i n j u r y e x p e n s e s
b e y o n d th e c o v e r a g e o f b a s i c h o s p it a liz a t io n , m e d ic a l, an d s u r g ic a l p la n s .
T y p ic a l fe a tu re s o f
m a j o r m e d i c a l p la n s a r e (1 ) a " d e d u c t i b l e " ( e . g . , $ 5 0 ) p a id b y th e in s u r e d b e f o r e b e n e fit s
b e g in ; (2 ) a c o in s u r a n c e fe a t u r e r e q u ir in g th e in s u r e d t o p a y a p o r t io n ( e .g . 20 p e r c e n t ) o f
c e r t a in e x p e n s e s ; an d (3 ) s ta te d d o lla r m a x im u m b e n e fit s ( e .g ., $ 1 0 ,0 0 0 a y e a r ) .
M e d ic a l
in s u r a n c e p r o v id e s c o m p le te o r p a r tia l p a y m en t o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s .
D e n ta l in s u r a n c e u s u a lly c o v e r s
fillin g s , e x tr a c tio n s , and X - r a y s .
E x c l u d e d a r e p la n s w h i c h c o v e r o n l y o r a l s u r g e r y o r a c c i d e n t
dam age.
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n p la n s p r o v i d e p a y m e n t s f o r t h e r e m a i n d e r o f t h e w o r k e r ' s l i f e .

3 A n establishment was considered as having a p o licy if it met either o f the follow ing conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the tim e
o f the survey, or (2) had form al provisions covering late shifts. A n establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had
operated late shifts during the 12 months before the survey, or (2 ) had provisions in written form to operate late shifts.

'
The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require em ployer contributions.
5 An establishment is considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the minim um number o f days sick leave available
to each em ployee.
Such a plan need not be written; but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, are excluded.




Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Akron, Ohio,'
by major industry division,2 December 1973
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s

N u m b e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

In d u s try d iv is io n

M in i m u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

W i t h in s c o p e o f s t u d y
S t u d ie d

W it h in s c o p e
o f stu d y *

T o t a l4

S t u d ie d

P la n t
N um ber

O ffic e

P ercen t

T o ta l4

A l l d i v i s i o n s _______________________________________

_

440

121

1 3 0 ,4 0 0

100

7 6 , 320

2 4 ,3 0 3

8 7 ,6 3 6

M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________________ ____
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________ ___________________
T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5_____ _________ ________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ______________ _____ . _________
R e t a i l t r a d e __________________________________________
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e _________
S e r v i c e s 8___________________ . . .

50
-

195
245

50
71

8 5 ,0 0 0
4 5 ,4 0 0

65
35

5 0 ,6 6 2
2 5 ,6 5 8

1 5 ,7 9 7
8 ,5 0 6

6 2 ,7 3 8
2 4 ,8 9 8

50
50
50
50
50

41
30

17

5 , 180

2 .3 9 5

23

23
41

15

1 2 ,5 6 9
2 ,4 9 1
2 1 ,2 1 6
4 ,6 0 9
4 ,5 1 5

10
2

110

16
4
3

8 ,9 1 0
811
1 0 ,2 6 6
2 ,9 1 2
1 .9 9 9

8
8

(* )
( 6)
( 7)
b

( 6)
( 6)
(‘ >
(6)

1 T h e A k r o n S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y t h e O f f i c e o f M a n a g e m e n t a n d B u d g e t t h r o u g h N o v e m b e r 1 9 7 2 , c o n s i s t s o f P o r t a g e a n d S u m m it C o u n t i e s .
The "w ork ers
w it h i n s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in t h i s t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f t h e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f t h e l a b o r f o r c e i n c l u d e d in t h e s u r v e y .
E s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in t e n d e d ,
h o w e v e r , f o r c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e ( 1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e
o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d , a n d (2 ) s m a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1 9 6 7 e d i t i o n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d t o c l a s s i f y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
A l l o u t l e t s (w it h i n t h e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in i n d u s t r i e s s u c h a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e , a u t o r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
an d m o tio n p ic t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e s t a b lis h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s e p a r a t e p la n t a n d o f f i c e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 A b b r e v i a t e d t o " p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s " in t h e A - a n d B - s e r i e s t a b l e s .
T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s i n c i d e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c l u d e d . A k r o n ' s l o c a l t r a n s i t s y s t e m is m u n i c i p a l l y
o p e r a t e d an d is e x c lu d e d b y d e fin it io n f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s tu d y .
6 T h i s d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in t h e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , a n d f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in t h e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s .
S e p a ra te p re s e n ta tio n o f
d a ta
i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g r e a s o n s :
( 1 ) E m p l o y m e n t i s t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a t o m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2 ) t h e s a m p l e w a s n o t d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y t o p e r m i t
s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , ( 3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r in a d e q u a t e t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d (4 ) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .
7 W o r k e r s f r o m t h i s e n t i r e d i v i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in t h e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b u t f r o m t h e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t i o n o n l y in e s t i m a t e s
f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in t h e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f d a t a i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e r e a s o n s g i v e n in f o o t n o t e 6 .
8 H o t e ls a n d m o t e l s ; la u n d r ie s a n d o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n t a l, a n d p a r k in g ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s
(e x c lu d in g
r e lig io u s an d c h a r it a b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); a n d e n g in e e r in g an d a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

I n d u s t r i a l c o m p o s i t i o n in m a n u f a c t u r i n g

L a b o r - i m anagem ent a g r e e m e n t c o v e r a g e

A l m o s t t w o - t h i r d s o f th e w o r k e r s w it h i n s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y in th e A k r o n a r e a w e r e
e m p l o y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s .
T h e f o llo w in g p r e s e n t s th e m a jo r in d u s tr y g r o u p s an d
s p e c i f i c in d u s t r ie s a s a p e r c e n t o f a l l m a n u fa c t u r in g :

T h e f o l l o w i n g t a b u l a t i o n s h o w s t h e p e r c e n t o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d in
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h i c h a c o n t r a c t <_r c o n t r a c t s c o v e r e d a m a j o r i t y o f t h e w o r k e r s in t h e
r e s p e c t i v e c a t e g o r i e s , A k r o n , O h io , D e c e m b e r 1 973:

In d u stry g ro u p s
R u b b e r and p la s tic s
p r o d u c t s ________________________ 4 6
F a b r ic a te d m e ta l
p r o d u c t s ________________________ 19
M a c h in e r y , e x c e p t
e l e c t r i c a l _______________________ 10
E l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t an d
s u p p l i e s _________________________
7

P la n t w o r k e r s

S p e c i f i c in d u s t r ie s
T i r e s a n d in n e r t u b e s ___________
F a b r ic a te d s tr u c tu ra l m e ta l
p r o d u c t s ________________________
C o m m u n i c a t i o n e q u i p m e n t ____
M e t a l s t a m p i n g s __________________

A l l i n d u s t r i e s ______________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s _________________________

40
11
6
6

100

O ffic e w o r k e r s
7
1
55

A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t i s c o n s i d e r e d t o h a v e a c o n t r a c t c o v e r i n g a l l p la n t o r o f f i c e
w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r it y o f s u c h w o r k e r s a r e c o v e r e d b y a la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t .
T h e r e f o r e , a l l o t h e r p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s a r e e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s th a t e i t h e r d o
n o t h a v e l a b o r - m a n a g e m e n t c o n t r a c t s in e f f e c t , o r h a v e c o n t r a c t s t h a t a p p l y t o f e w e r th a n
h a l f o f t h e i r p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
E s t i m a t e s a r e n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f th e
e x t e n t t o w h i c h a l l w o r k e r s in t h e a r e a m a y b e c o v e r e d b y t h e p r o v i s i o n s o f l a b o r - m a n a g e m e n t
a g r e e m e n t s , b e c a u s e s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d an d th e in d u s t r ia l s c o p e o f th e
s u r v e y is lim it e d .

T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n is b a s e d o n e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t d e r i v e d f r o m u n i v e r s e
m a te r ia ls c o m p ile d b e fo r e a ctu a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d o n t h e r e s u l t s o f t h e s u r v e y a s s h o w n in t h e a p p e n d i x t a b l e .




77
89

25

Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r t h e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s t o a s s i s t i t s f i e l d s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g i n t o a p p r o p r i a t e
o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o ll t it le s and d iffe r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s fr o m e s t a b lis h m e n t to e s t a b lis h m e n t and
fr o m
a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m it s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b le j o b c o n t e n t .
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a s is on
i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t i o n a l c o n t e n t , t h e B u r e a u 's j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p l y i n g t h e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , t h e B u r e a u 's f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e i n s t r u c t e d
to e x c l u d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g i n n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; an d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t io n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE

B IL L E R ,

C L E R K , A C C O U N T I N G — C o n t in u e d

M A C H IN E

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d i n v o i c e s o n a m a c h i n e o t h e r th a n a n o r d i n a r y o r e l e c t r o m a tic ty p e w r ite r .
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s t o b i l l i n g s o r s h ip p i n g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r
c l e r i c a l w o r k in c id e n t a l t o b il lin g o p e r a t io n s . F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c la s s ifie d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , as fo llo w s :
B il le r , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e ) .
U se s a s p e c ia l
an d a d d in g m a c h in e ) to p r e p a r e b il ls and i n v o i c e s f r o m
n a l l y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p i n g m e m o r a n d u m s , e t c .
d e t e r m i n e d d i s c o u n t s a n d s h ip p i n g c h a r g e s a n d e n t r y o f
m a y n ot b e c o m p u te d o n th e b illin g m a c h in e , an d to t a ls
b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a t io n u s u a lly in v o lv e s a la r g e n u m
p r e p a r e d an d is o ft e n d o n e on a fa n fo ld m a c h in e .

P o s itio n s

b i l l i n g m a c h i n e ( c o m b i n a t i o n t y p in g
c u s to m e r s ' p u rch a se o r d e r s , in te r ­
U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p l ic a t io n o f p r e ­
n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ic h m a y o r
w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d
b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b i l l b e in g

CLERK,

(w it h o r w it h o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o k e e p a r e c o r d

A C C O U N T IN G

P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e a c c o u n tin g c l e r i c a l ta s k s s u c h a s p o s tin g t o r e g i s t e r s and le d g e r s ;
r e c o n c il in g ban k a c c o u n t s ; v e r i f y in g th e in te r n a l c o n s is t e n c y , c o m p le t e n e s s , an d m a th e m a tic a l
a c c u r a c y o f a c c o u n t in g d o c u m e n t s ; a s s i g n in g p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t in g d is t r ib u t io n c o d e s ; e x a m in in g
and v e r ify in g fo r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty p e s o f r e p o r t s , li s t s , c a lc u la t io n s , p o s tin g , e t c .;
o r p r e p a r i n g s i m p l e o r a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r i n g m o r e c o m p l i c a t e d j o u r n a l v o u c h e r s .
M ay w ork
in e it h e r a m a n u a l o r a u to m a te d a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m .




o n th e

b a s is

o f th e

fo llo w in g

d e fin it io n s .

F IL E

C la s s B .
S o r t s , c o d e s , and f il e s u n c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l b y s im p le ( s u b je c t m a tte r ) h e a d ­
in g s o r p a r t ly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f in e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s im p le r e la t e d in d e x an d
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s .
A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y i d e n t i f i e d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r ­
w a r d s m a t e r i a l . M a y p e r f o r m r e la t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in an d s e r v i c e f i l e s .

C la s s B .
K e e p s a r e c o r d o f o n e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t io n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly
r e q u ir i n g l i t t le k n o w le d g e o f b a s ic b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t io n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c l u d i n g a s i m p l e t y p e o f b i l l i n g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ) , c o s t d is t r ib u t io n , e x p e n s e d is t r ib u t io n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r t h e a c c o u n t i n g d e p a r t m e n t .

T h e w o r k r e q u ir e s a k n o w le d g e o f
w h ic h r e l a t e s t o t h e c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g a n d
W ith e x p e r i e n c e , t h e w o r k e r t y p i c a l l y b e c o m
a n d p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in t h e a s s i g n e d w o r k ,
p r in c ip le s o f b o o k k e e p in g and a c c o u n t in g .

le v e ls

C la s s A .
C l a s s i f i e s an d in d e x e s f il e m a t e r i a l s u c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h ­
n i c a l d o c u m e n t s , e t c . , in a n e s t a b l i s h e d f i l i n g s y s t e m c o n t a i n i n g a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d s u b j e c t
m a t t e r f i l e s . M a y a l s o f i l e t h i s m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n j u n c t i o n
w it h t h e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a ll g r o u p o f l o w e r le v e l f i l e c l e r k s .

C la s s A .
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w l e d g e o f a n d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p i n g p r i n c i p l e s , a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w it h t h e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d i s t r i b u t i o n o f d e b i t a n d c r e d i t i t e m s t o b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a t e d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e t s , and o t h e r r e c o r d s
by hand.

CLERK,

in t o

F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , a n d r e t r i e v e s m a t e r i a l in a n e s t a b l i s h e d f i l i n g s y s t e m . M a y p e r f o r m
c l e r i c a l an d m a n u a l t a s k s r e q u ir e d t o m a in t a in f i l e s . P o s it io n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to le v e l s o n th e
b a s is o f th e fo llo w in g d e f in it io n s .

OPERATOR

O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e
o f b u s in e s s tr a n s a c tio n s .

c la s s ifie d

C la s s B .
U n d e r c lo s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s and s ta n d a r d iz e d p r o ­
c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e r o u t in e a c c o u n t in g c l e r i c a l o p e r a t io n s , s u c h a s p o s t in g to
le d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e id e n t ific a t io n o f it e m s and lo c a t io n s o f p o s t in g s a r e
c l e a r l y in d ic a t e d ; c h e c k in g a c c u r a c y an d c o m p le t e n e s s o f s t a n d a r d iz e d an d r e p e t it iv e r e c o r d s
o r a c c o u n t in g d o c u m e n t s ; and c o d in g d o c u m e n t s u s in g a fe w p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t in g c o d e s .

B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) .
U s e s a b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h i n e (w it h o r w it h o u t
a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b il ls a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e iv a b le o p e r a ­
t io n . G e n e r a ll y in v o lv e s th e s im u lt a n e o u s e n t r y o f f ig u r e s o n c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e
m a c h in e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la t e s fig u r e s o n a n u m b e r o f v e r t ic a l c o lu m n s and c o m p u te s
an d u s u a lly p r in t s a u t o m a t i c a lly th e d e b it o r c r e d i t b a la n c e s .
D o e s n o t in v o lv e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g .
W ork s fr o m
u n ifo r m and s ta n d a r d ty p e s o f s a le s and c r e d it s lip s .
B O O K K E E P I N G -M A C H I N E

are

C la s s A .
U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s a c c o u n t i n g c l e r i c a l o p e r a t i o n s w h ic h
r e q u ir e th e a p p lic a t io n o f e x p e r ie n c e an d ju d g m e n t, f o r e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s in g c o m ­
p lic a t e d o r n o n r e p e t it iv e a c c o u n t in g t r a n s a c t io n s , s e le c t in g a m o n g a s u b s ta n tia l v a r i e t y o f
p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t in g c o d e s an d c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c in g t r a n s a c t io n s t h r o u g h p r e v io u s
a c c o u n tin g a c t io n s to d e t e r m in e s o u r c e o f d is c r e p a n c i e s .
M ay be a s siste d by one o r m o r e
c la s s B a c c o u n tin g c le r k s .

c l e r i c a l m e th o d s and o f f ic e p r a c t ic e s and p r o c e d u r e s
r e c o r d i n g o f t r a n s a c t io n s an d a c c o u n t in g in fo r m a t i o n .
e s f a m i l i a r w ith t h e b o o k k e e p i n g a n d a c c o u n t i n g t e r m s
but is n ot r e q u ir e d to h a v e a k n o w le d g e o f th e f o r m a l

C la s s C .
P e r f o r m s r o u t i n e f i l i n g o f m a t e r i a l t h a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ic h
i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a l p h a b e t i c a l , c h r o n o l o g i c a l ,
o r n u m e r i c a l ) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; a n d m a y f i l l o u t w it h d r a w a l c h a r g e . M a y p e r f o r m s i m p l e c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s
r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in an d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C LE R K , ORDER
R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e by m a il , p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a l ly .
D u t ie s i n v o l v e a n y c o m b i n a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Q u o t in g p r i c e s t o c u s t o m e r s ; m a k i n g o u t a n o r d e r
s h e e t li s t i n g th e it e m s to m a k e u p th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s and q u a n titie s o f it e m s o n o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s t o r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s t o b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w it h c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m in e c r e d i t r a t in g o ( c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w le d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
f o l l o w u p o r d e r s t o s e e th a t t h e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k s h ip p i n g
i n v o i c e s w it h o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .
CLERK,

PAYROLL

C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p lo y e e s a n d e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y d a ta o n th e p a y r o ll
s h e e t s . D u tie s in v o lv e : C a lc u la t in g w o r k e r s ' e a r n in g s b a s e d o n t im e o r p r o d u c t i o n r e c o r d s ; an d
p o s t i n g c a l c u l a t e d d a t a o n p a y r o l l s h e e t , s h o w in g i n f o r m a t i o n s u c h a s w o r k e r ' s n a m e , w o r k i n g
d a y s , t im e , r a t e , d e d u c tio n s f o r in s u r a n c e , and to ta l w a g e s d u e. M a y m a k e ou t p a y c h e c k s and
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k i n g u p a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a lc u la t in g m a c h in e .

26

KEYPUNCH

OPERATOR

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n t in u e d

O p era tes a keypu n ch
ta b u la tin g c a r d s o r o n t a p e .

P o s itio n s

are

m a c h in e

c la s s ifie d

in to

to

record

le v e ls

on

or

th e

v e r ify

b a s is

a lp h a b e tic

o f th e

a n d /o r

fo llo w in g

n u m e r ic

d a ta on

d e fin itio n s .

C la s s A .
W o r k r e q u i r e s t h e a p p l i c a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e a n d j u d g m e n t in s e l e c t i n g p r o c e ­
d u r e s t o b e f o l l o w e d a n d in s e a r c h i n g f o r , i n t e r p r e t i n g , s e l e c t i n g , o r c o d i n g i t e m s t o b e
k e y p u n c h e d f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s . O n o c c a s i o n m a y a ls o p e r f o r m s o m e r o u tin e
keypu n ch w o rk .
M a y t r a in in e x p e r ie n c e d k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r s .

N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in t h e l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s f o l l o w i n g , r e f e r s t o
t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w h o h a v e a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o l i c y m a k i n g r o l e w it h r e g a r d t o m a j o r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t it l e " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " th o u g h n o r m a ll y in d ic a t iv e o f th is r o l e , d o e s n o t
in a l l c a s e s i d e n t i f y s u c h p o s i t i o n s . V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s t o a c t p e r ­
s o n a l l y o n i n d i v i d u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d i v i d u a l l o a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r in d i v i d u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a f f ) a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d t o b e
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p l y in g t h e f o l l o w i n g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
C la s s

a ll,
C la s s B .
W o r k is r o u tin e a n d r e p e t it iv e . U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v is io n o r f o ll o w in g s p e c i f i c
p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s t r u c t i o n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d i z e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s w h ic h h a v e
b e e n c o d e d , a n d f o l l o w s s p e c i f i e d p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h h a v e b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a i l a n d r e q u i r e
lit t le o r n o s e le c t in g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g o f d a ta to be r e c o r d e d . R e f e r s to s u p e r v is o r
p r o b le m s a r is in g f r o m e r r o n e o u s it e m s o r c o d e s o r m i s s i n g in fo r m a t i o n .

M E S S E N G E R (O ffic e

B oy o r

A

1.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r
o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p l o y s , in

2.
S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n t h e c h a i r m a n o f t h e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r t h a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l,
s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la s s

G ir l)

o f a m a jo r

B

1.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n
f e w e r th a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

o f th e

board

or

p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p l o y s , in

P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u t i n e d u t i e s s u c h a s r u n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t i n g m i n o r o f f i c e m a ­
c h in e s s u c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d is t r ib u t in g m a il , a n d o t h e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .
E x c lu d e p o s i t io n s th a t r e q u ir e o p e r a t io n o f a m o t o r v e h i c l e a s a s ig n i f ic a n t d u ty .

a ll,

SECRETARY

3.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w th e o f f i c e r le v e l , o v e r e ith e r a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e fu n c t io n a l a c t iv it y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t io n s , in d u s t r ia l r e l a ­
t i o n s , e t c . ) o£ a m a j o r g e o g r a p h i c o r o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ;
a m a j o r d i v i s i o n ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r t h a n 2 5 , 0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s ; o r

2.
S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n t h e c h a i r m a n o f t h e b o a r d
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y t o o n e i n d i v i d u a l . M a in t a i n s a c l o s e a n d h i g h l y
r e s p o n s iv e r e la t io n s h ip to th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k o f th e s u p e r v is o r . W o r k s f a ir l y in d e p e n d e n tly r e ­
c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d s u p e r v is io n a n d g u id a n c e . P e r f o r m s v a r i e d c l e r i c a l an d s e c r e t a r i a l
d u t i e s , u s u a l l y in c l u d i n g m o s t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g :

a.
R e c e i v e s te le p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and in c o m in g
in q u ir e s , and r o u te s t e c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s to th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ;
b.

E s ta b lis h e s ,

c.

M a in t a i n s

d.

R e la y s

m a in t a in s ,

and

r e v is e s

th e

s u p e r v i s o r 's

m a il,

an sw ers

4.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y ,
o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

s u p e r v i s o r 's

m essages

fr o m

ca le n d a r

s u p e r v is o r

and m a k e s

to

file s ;

a p p o in tm e n ts

as

P e r fo r m s

s te n o g r a p h ic

a n d ty p in g

C

in s tr u c te d ;
1.
S e c r e t a r y t o an e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s n o t e q u iv a le n t
t o o n e o f t h e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s i t u a t i o n s in t h e d e f i n i t i o n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o s e o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
u n it n o r m a l l y n u m b e r s a t l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d i s u s u a l l y d i v i d e d in t o o r g a n i z a ­
t i o n a l s e g m e n t s w h ic h a r e o f t e n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r s u b d i v i d e d . In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , t h i s l e v e l
i n c l u d e s a w i d e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n l y o n e o r t w o ; or

s u b o r d in a te s ;

e.
R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d
s u p e r v i s o r 's s i g n a t u r e t o a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d t y p o g r a p h i c a c c u r a c y ;
f.

o t h e r e q u iv a le n t le v e l

5.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a la r g e and im p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e .g ., a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t o ft e n in v o lv in g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l
h u n d r e d p e r s o n s ) o r a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

r o u tin e

C la s s
th e

e tc . (o r

o r p r e s id e n t)

by

oth ers

fo r

th e

2.
S e c r e t a r y t o t h e h e a d o f an i n d i v i d u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y ,
o f o f f i c i a l ) t h a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r t h a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

w ork .

C la s s

M ay a ls o p e r fo r m o th e r c le r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l ta s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n a tu re and d iffic u lty .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u ir e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e r o u t in e an d u n d e r s ta n d in g o f th e o r g a n i z a t io n ,
p r o g r a m s , an d p r o c e d u r e s r e la t e d t o th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v is o r .

c h a r a c t e r is t ic s .

o t h e r e q u iv a le n t le v e l

D

1.
S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v is o r o r h e a d
a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r

of a

s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l u n it ( e . g . ,

f e w e r th a n

2.
S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s ta ff s p e c ia lis t , p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is tr a ­
t iv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s is t a n t , s k ille d t e c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t . . (N O T E :
M a n y c o m p a n ie s a s s ig n
s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , t o t h i s l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)

E x clu sio n s
N o t a ll p o s i t io n s th a t a r e t it l e d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e
o f p o s i t i o n s w h ic h a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e d e f i n i t i o n a r e a s f o l l o w s :

e tc . (o r

E x a m p le s

STENOGRAPH ER
a.

P o s itio n s

w h ic h

b.

S ten ogra p h ers

c.
S te n o g ra p h e rs
m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ;

do

not

n o t fu lly
s e r v in g

m eet

th e

t r a in e d

in

as

o ffic e

"p e r s o n a l"

secreta ry

s e c r e t a r ia l typ e

a s sista n ts

con cep t

d e s c r ib e d

above;

d u t ie s ;

to a grou p

o f p r o fe s s io n a l, te c h n ic a l,

or

d.
S e c r e t a r y p o s i t i o n s in w h ic h t h e d u t i e s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e r o u t i n e
s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e c o m p l e x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e th a n t h o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in t h e d e f i n i t i o n ;

or

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n u s in g s h o r t h a n d , an d to t r a n s c r i b e th e d ic t a t io n . M a y
a ls o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n c o p y . M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l. M a y o c c a s io n a ll y t r a n s c r ib e
f r o m v o i c e r e c o r d in g s ( if p r im a r y d u ty is t r a n s c r ib in g f r o m r e c o r d in g s , s e e T r a n s c r ib in g - M a c h in e
O p e r a t o r , G e n e r a l).
N O T E : T h i s j o b i s d i s t i n g u i s h e d f r o m t h a t o f a s e c r e t a r y in t h a t a s e c r e t a r y n o r m a l l y
w o r k s , in a c o n f i d e n t i a l r e l a t i o n s h i p w it h o n l y o n e m a n a g e r o r e x e c u t i v e a n d p e r f o r m s m o r e
r e s p o n s ib l e an d d i s c r e t i o n a r y t a s k s a s d e s c r i b e d in th e s e c r e t a r y jo b d e fin it io n .
S te n o g ra p h e r,

e.
A s s i s t a n t t y p e p o s i t i o n s w h ic h i n v o l v e m o r e d i f f i c u l t o r m o r e
n i c a l , a d m i n i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t i e s w h ic h
s e c r e ta r ia l w ork .




r e s p o n s ib le te c h ­
a r e n ot ty p ic a l o f
or

27

G en eral

D ic t a t io n in v o lv e s a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u l a r y . M a y m a in ta in f i l e s ,
p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y r o u t in e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .

k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s ,

S T E N O G R A P H E R — C o n tin u e d
S ten og ra p h er,
or

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R ( E l e c t r i c A c c o u n t i n g M a c h i n e O p e r a t o r ) — C o n t in u e d

S e n io r

P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in t o l e v e l s o n t h e b a s i s o f t h e f o l l o w i n g d e f i n i t i o n s .

D i c t a t i o n i n v o l v e s a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s
r e p o r ts on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h .
M a y a ls o s e t up an d m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .

C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g a n d t a b u l a t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s in c l u d i n g d e v i s i n g
d iffic u lt c o n t r o l p a n e l w ir in g u n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n .
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g an d c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w h ic h o ft e n a r e ir r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g , r e q u ir i n g
s o m e p la n n in g o f t h e n a t u r e a n d s e q u e n c i n g o f o p e r a t i o n s , a n d t h e u s e o f a v a r i e t y o f m a ­
c h in e s .
Is t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e d in t r a i n i n g n e w o p e r a t o r s in m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s o r t r a i n i n g
l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s in w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d i n t h e o p e r a t i n g s e q u e n c e s o f l o n g a n d
c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n o t i n c l u d e p o s i t i o n s in w h ic h w i r i n g r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s l i m i t e d t o
s e le c t io n and in s e r t io n o f p r e w ir e d b o a r d s .

OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s r e q u ir i n g s ig n i f ic a n t ly g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e an d r e s p o n ­
s ib i l i t y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l , a s e v i d e n c e d b y th e f o ll o w in g :
W o r k r e q u i r e s a h ig h
d e g r e e o f s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d and a c c u r a c y ; a th o r o u g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s
and o f f i c e p r o c e d u r e ; and o f th e s p e c i f ic b u s in e s s o p e r a t io n s , o r g a n iz a t io n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e ­
d u r e s , fil e s , w o r k flo w , e tc .
U s e s t h i s k n o w l e d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h i c d u t i e s a n d
r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l t a s k s s u c h a s m a in t a in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l in g m a t e r ia l f o r r e p o r t s ,
m e m o r a n d u m s , an d le t t e r s ; c o m p o s i n g s im p le le t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l in s t r u c t io n s : r e a d in g and
r o u tin g in c o m i n g m a il ; a n d a n s w e r in g r o u t in e q u e s t io n s , e t c .
S W IT C H B O A R D

OPERATOR

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e l e p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g i n c o m i n g ,
o u t g o i n g , i n t r a p l a n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . P e r f o r m s f u l l t e l e p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p l e x c a l l s , s u c h a c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i t h e r in a d d i t i o n t o
d o in g r o u t in e w o r k a s d e s c r i b e d
fo r s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c la s s B , o r a s a fu ll-t im e
a s s i g n m e n t . ( " F u l l " t e l e p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h e n th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a s v a r i e d
f u n c t io n s th a t a r e n o t r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r t e le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e
o f o v e r la p p in g o r in t e r r e l a t e d f u n c t io n s , an d c o n s e q u e n t ly p r e s e n t fr e q u e n t p r o b le m s a s to
w h ic h e x t e n s io n s a r e a p p r o p r ia t e f o r c a l l s . )
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e l e p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g i n c o m i n g ,
o u t g o i n g , i n t r a p l a n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u t i n e l o n g d i s t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s .
M a y p e r f o r m lim it e d te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n s e r v ic e . ( " L im i t e d " te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n s e r v ic e
o c c u r s i f th e f u n c t io n s o f th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d ily u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r t e le p h o n e
in f o r m a t i o n p u r p o s e s , o r i f th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t in e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s io n n u m b e r s w h en
s p e c ific n a m es a re
fu r n is h e d , o r i f c o m p le x
c a lls a r e r e fe r r e d
to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)
a s sist

T h e s e c la s s if ic a t i o n s d o n ot in c lu d e
c u s t o m e r s in p la c in g c a l l s .

S W IT C H B O A R D

C la s s B .
P e r fo r m s w o rk a c c o r d in g to e s ta b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and u n d er s p e c ific in ­
s t r u c t io n s . A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e c o m p le t e but r o u tin e a n d r e c u r r i n g r e p o r t s o r p a r t s
o f la r g e r and m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a t e s m o r e d if f ic u l t ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c ­
c o u n t i n g m a c h i n e s s u c h a s t h e t a b u l a t o r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d i t i o n t o t h e s i m p l e r m a c h i n e s
u s e d b y c la s s C o p e r a t o r s . M a y b e r e q u ir e d to d o s o m e w ir in g fr o m d ia g r a m s . M a y t r a in
n e w e m p l o y e e s in b a s i c m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s .

s w it c h b o a r d

op era tors

in t e l e p h o n e

c o m p a n ie s

who

O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T

In a d d i t i o n t o p e r f o r m i n g d u t i e s o f o p e r a t o r o n a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n i t o r - t y p e s w i t c h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n i s t an d m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u t in e c l e r i c a l w o r k a s p a r t o f r e g u l a r
d u t ie s .
T h is t y p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y ta k e th e m a j o r p a r t o f t h is w o r k e r 's t im e w h ile at
s w itc h b o a r d .
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E

OPERATOR

C la s s C .
U n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t io n s , o p e r a t e s s im p le t a b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g
m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e s o r t e r , i n t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , c o l l a t o r , e t c .
A s s ig n m e n ts
t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e p o r t i o n s o f a w o r k u n it , f o r e x a m p l e , in d i v i d u a l s o r t i n g o r c o l l a t i n g r u n s ,
o r r e p e t it iv e o p e r a t io n s . M a y p e r f o r m s im p le w ir in g fr o m d ia g r a m s , and d o s o m e filin g w o r k .
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E

OPERATOR,

GENERAL

P r i m a r y d u ty is to t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u l a r y fr o m
tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w r itte n c o p y and d o s im p le c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r ib in g d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y s u ch a s
le g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e n o t in c lu d e d .
A w o r k e r w h o ta k e s d ic t a t io n
in s h o r th a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e is c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r .
T Y P IS T
U s e s a ty p e w r ite r to m a k e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m
t io n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o th e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p l i c a t i n g p r o c e s s e s . M a y d o c l e r i c a l
a s k e e p in g s im p le r e c o r d s , f il in g r e c o r d s an d r e p o r t s ,

a t e r ia ls o r to m a k e out b ills a fte r c a lc u la ­
t y p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
w o r k in v o lv in g lit t le s p e c ia l tr a in in g , su ch
o r s o r t in g a n d d is t r ib u t in g in c o m i n g m a il .

C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f t h e f o l l o w i n g : T y p i n g m a t e r i a l in f i n a l f o r m w h e n
it i n v o l v e s c o m b i n i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s : o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g ,
s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c t u a t io n , e t c . , o f t e c h n i c a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e ­
r i a l ; o r p la n n in g l a y o u t a n d t y p in g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s t o m a i n t a i n u n i f o r m i t y
a n d b a l a n c e in s p a c i n g . M a y t y p e r o u t i n e f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y i n g d e t a i l s t o s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .

( E l e c t r i c A c c o u n t in g M a c h in e O p e r a t o r )

O p e r a t e s o n e o r a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e ta b u la t o r , c a lc u l a t o r , c o l l a t o r , in t e r ­
p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g p u n c h , e t c . E x c lu d e d fr o m th is d e fin it io n a r e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s .
A ls o e x c lu d e d a r e o p e r a t o r s o f e l e c t r o n i c d ig it a l c o m p u t e r s , e v e n th o u g h th e y m a y a ls o o p e r a t e
E A M e q u ip m e n t .

C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o ll o w in g :
C o p y t y p in g f r o m
rou gh
d r a f t s : o r r o u tin e ty p in g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c .; o r s e ttin g u p s im p le
ta b u la tio n s ; o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x t a b le s a lr e a d y s e t up and s p a c e d p r o p e r ly .

o r c le a r
sta n d a rd

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
COM PUTER

OPERATOR

COM PUTER

M o n i t o r s a n d o p e r a t e s th e c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r t o p r o c e s s d a t a a c c o r d i n g
t o o p e r a t i n g i n s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m m e r . W o r k i n c l u d e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
S t u d i e s i n s t r u c t i o n s t o d e t e r m i n e e q u i p m e n t s e t u p a n d o p e r a t i o n s ; l o a d s e q u i p m e n t w it h r e q u i r e d
it e m s (ta p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w it c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i lia r y e q u ip m e n t in to c i r c u i t , a n d s t a r t s
a n d o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d ju s t m e n t s to c o m p u t e r to c o r r e c t o p e r a t in g p r o b l e m s an d m e e t
s p e c i a l c o n d i t i o n s ; r e v i e w s e r r o r s m a d e d u r in g o p e r a t i o n a n d d e t e r m i n e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m
t o s u p e r v i s o r o r p r o g r a m m e r ; a n d m a in ta in s o p e r a t in g r e c o r d s . M a y t e s t a n d a s s i s t in c o r r e c t i n g
program .
F or

w age

stu d y

p u rposes,

co m p u ter

o p e ra to rs

are

c la s s ifie d

as

C la s s B .
O p e r a t e s i n d e p e n d e n t l y , o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a c o m p u t e r r u n n in g
p r o g r a m s w it h m o s t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s : M o s t o f t h e p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b l i s h e d
p r o d u c t io n r u n s , t y p ic a lly ru n o n a r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; th e r e is lit t le o r n o te s t in g




OR
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v i s i o n a c o m p u t e r r u n n in g p r o g r a m s o r s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s
w it h t h e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A . M a y a s s i s t a h i g h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r b y i n d e ­
p e n d e n tly p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d , an d p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt ta s k s fo llo w in g
d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d w it h f r e q u e n t r e v i e w o f o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d .

fo llo w s :

C la s s A .
O p e r a t e s i n d e p e n d e n t l y , o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a c o m p u t e r r u n n in g
p r o g r a m s w it h m o s t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
N ew p r o g r a m s a r e fr e q u e n t ly te s t e d
a n d in t r o d u c e d : s c h e d u lin g r e q u ir e m e n t s a r e o f c r i t i c a l im p o r t a n c e to m in i m iz e d o w n t im e ;
t h e p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p l e x d e s i g n s o th a t i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o f t e n r e q u i r e s a
w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f th e to ta l p r o g r a m , and a lte r n a te p r o g r a m s m a y n o t b e a v a ila b le . M a y
g iv e d ir e c t io n and g u id a n ce t o lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s .

O P E R A T O R — C o n t in u e d

o f n e w p r o g r a m s r e q u i r e d ; a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v i d e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m n e e d s
m a j o r c h a n g e o r c a n n o t b e c o r r e c t e d w it h i n a r e a s o n a b l e t i m e .
In c o m m o n e r r o r s i t u a ­
t io n s , d ia g n o s e s c a u s e a n d t a k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c t io n . T h is u s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p ly in g p r e v io u s ly
p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u s in g s ta n d a r d c o r r e c t i o n t e c h n iq u e s .

C la s s C .
W o r k s o n r o u t in e p r o g r a m s u n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v is io n .
Is e x p e c t e d t o d e v e lo p
w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f t h e c o m p u t e r e q u i p m e n t u s e d a n d a b i l i t y t o d e t e c t p r o b l e m s i n v o l v e d in
r u n n in g r o u t i n e p r o g r a m s . U s u a l l y h a s r e c e i v e d s o m e f o r m a l t r a i n i n g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t i o n .
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r le v e l o p e r a t o r o n c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
COM PUTER

PROGRAM M ER,

B U S IN E S S

C o n v e r t s s ta t e m e n t s o f b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p i c a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a s y s t e m s a n a ly s t , in t o a
s e q u e n c e o f d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s w h ic h a r e r e q u i r e d t o s o lv e th e p r o b le m s b y a u t o m a t ic d a ta p r o c ­
e s s i n g e q u i p m e n t . W o r k in g f r o m c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , t h e p r o g r a m m e r d e v e l o p s t h e p r e c i s e i n ­
s t r u c t i o n s w h i c h , w h e n e n t e r e d in t o t h e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d l a n g u a g e , c a u s e t h e m a n i p u l a t i o n

28

CO M PU TE R SYSTEM S A N A L Y ST ,

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS— C o n tin u ed
o f d a ta t o a c h ie v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : A p p lie s k n o w le d g e o f
c o m p u t e r c a p a b ili t ie s , m a t h e m a t ic s , lo g i c e m p lo y e d b y c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t ic u la r s u b je c t m a tte r
in v o lv e d t o a n a ly z e c h a r t s an d d ia g r a m s o f th e p r o b le m t o b e p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s s e q u e n c e
o f p r o g r a m s t e p s ; w r i t e s d e t a i l e d f l o w c h a r t s t o s h o w o r d e r in w h i c h d a ta w i l l b e p r o c e s s e d ;
c o n v e r t s t h e s e c h a r t s t o c o d e d in s t r u c t io n s f o r m a c h in e t o fo llo w ; t e s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ;
p r e p a r e s i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r o p e r a t i n g p e r s o n n e l d u r in g p r o d u c t i o n r u n ; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , a n d a l t e r s
p r o g r a m s t o i n c r e a s e o p e r a t in g e f f i c i e n c y o r a d a p t t o n e w r e q u ir e m e n t s ; m a in t a in s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t an d r e v i s i o n s .
(N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o t h s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s a n d p r o ­
g r a m m i n g s h o u l d b e c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f t h i s i s t h e s k i l l u s e d t o d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y .)

M ay p r o v id e
a s sist.

w age

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

program m ers

are

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :

C l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h i c h
r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in a l l p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m m i n g c o n c e p t s a n d p r a c t i c e s .
W o r k in g f r o m d ia ­
g r a m s a n d c h a r t s w h ic h id e n t ify th e n a tu r e o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a jo r p r o c e s s i n g s t e p s t o b e
a c c o m p l i s h e d , an d th e r e la t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n v a r i o u s s t e p s o f th e p r o b le m s o lv i n g r o u t in e ;
p la n s t h e f u l l r a n g e o f p r o g r a m m i n g a c t i o n s n e e d e d t o e f f i c i e n t l y u t i l i z e t h e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m
in a c h i e v i n g d e s i r e d e n d p r o d u c t s .

le v e l p r o g r a m m e r s

w ho a re

in s tr u c t

lo w e r

D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r il y r e s p o n s ib l e f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n
o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a t a p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w it h
s c ie n t if i c o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b le m s .
sy stem s

a n a ly s ts

are

c la s s ifie d

as

a s sig n e d

to

C l a s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a i l d r a w i n g s o f s i n g l e u n it s o r p a r t s f o r e n g i n e e r i n g , c o n s t r u c t i o n ,
m a n u fa c t u r in g , o r r e p a ir p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o je c t i o n s
( d e p i c t i n g t h r e e d i m e n s i o n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v i e w s t o c l a r i f y p o s i t i o n i n g o f
c o m p o n e n t s an d c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a t io n . C o n s o lid a t e s d e t a ils f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
a n d a d ju s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a le a s r e q u ir e d .
S u g g e s te d m e th o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v i c e o n s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g i v e n w it h i n i t i a l a s s i g n m e n t s . I n s t r u c t i o n s
a r e le s s c o m p le te w hen a s s ig n m e n ts r e c u r .
W o r k m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
DRAFTSM AN- TRACER
C o p ie s p la n s a n d d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p la c in g t r a c in g c lo t h o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w i n g s a n d t r a c i n g w it h p e n o r p e n c i l .
( D o e s n o t i n c l u d e t r a c i n g l i m i t e d t o p la n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s is t in g o f s t r a ig h t li n e s a n d a la r g e s c a le n o t r e q u ir i n g c l o s e d e lin e a t io n .)
A N D /O R
P r e p a r e s s im p le
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
E L E C T R O N IC S

or

r e p e titiv e

d r a w in g s

o f e a s ily

v is u a liz e d

ite m s .

W ork is

c lo s e ly

s u p e r v is e d

T E C H N IC IA N

fo llo w s :

C la s s A .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on c o m p le x p r o b le m s in ­
v o lv in g a ll p h a s e s o f s y s t e m a n a ly s is .
P r o b le m s a r e c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d iv e r s e s o u r c e s o f
in p u t d a t a a n d m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f o u tp u t d a t a . ( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s a n i n t e g r a t e d
p r o d u c t i o n s c h e d u l i n g , i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , a n d s a l e s a n a l y s i s r e c o r d in w h i c h




who a re

C la s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n r o u t in e a n d c o m p l e x d r a ft in g a s s ig n m e n t s th a t r e q u ir e th e a p p li­
c a t io n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d iz e d d r a w in g t e c h n iq u e s r e g u l a r ly u s e d .
D u t ie s t y p i c a l l y i n ­
v o lv e su ch w ork a s:
P r e p a r e s w o r k i n g d r a w i n g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w it h i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u lt ip le fu n c t io n s , and p r e c is e p o s it io n a l r e la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i­
t e c t u r a l d r a w i n g s f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a b u i l d i n g i n c l u d i n g d e t a i l d r a w i n g s o f f o u n d a t i o n s , w a ll
s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p l a n s , a n d r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s a n d m a n u a l s in m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u t a t io n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n t it ie s o f m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s tr e s s e s , e tc.
R e c e iv e s in it ia l in s t r u c t io n s , r e q u ir e m e n t s , and a d v ic e f r o m
s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le t e d w o r k is c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .

le v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .

A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b le m s t o fo r m u la te p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g th e m b y u se o f e le c t r o n i c
d a ta p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t .
D e v e lo p s a c o m p le t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f a ll s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d t o e n a b le
p rogram m ers
t o p r e p a r e r e q u ir e d
d ig it a l c o m p u t e r
program s.
W ork
in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e
fo llo w in g :
A n a ly z e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t io n s t o b e a u to m a te d a n d id e n t ifie s c o n d it io n s and
c r it e r i a r e q u ir e d to a c h ie v e s a t is fa c t o r y r e s u lts ; s p e c ifie s n u m b e r and ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and
d o c u m e n t s t o b e u s e d ; o u t l i n e s a c t i o n s t o b e p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l a n d c o m p u t e r s in s u f f i c i e n t
d e t a il f o r p r e s e n t a t io n t o m a n a g e m e n t an d f o r p r o g r a m m in g (t y p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p r e p a r a t io n o f
w o r k a n d d a t a f l o w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s t h e d e v e l o p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s a n d p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l
r u n s o f n e w a n d r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; a n d r e c o m m e n d s e q u ip m e n t c h a n g e s t o o b ta in m o r e e f f e c t i v e
o v e r a ll o p e r a tio n s .
( N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o t h s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s a n d p r o g r a m m i n g s h o u ld
b e c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts i f th is is th e s k il l u s e d t o d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

a n a ly s t s

C la s s A .
P la n s th e g r a p h ic p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p l e x it e m s h a v in g d is t in c t iv e d e s ig n
f e a t u r e s t h a t d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t i n g p r e c e d e n t s . W o r k s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w it h t h e d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r , a n d m a y r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e s i g n c h a n g e s .
A n a ly z e s th e
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e on th e d e t a ils o f f o r m , fu n c t io n , an d p o s it io n a l r e la t io n s h ip s o f c o m ­
p on en ts and p a r t s .
W o r k s w it h a m i n i m u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le t e d w o r k is
r e v i e w e d b y d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w it h p r i o r e n g i n e e r i n g d e t e r m i n a t i o n s .
M ay
e it h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d ir e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t io n b y lo w e r le v e l d r a ft s m e n .

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U S IN E S S

w age

sy stem s

DRAFTSM AN

C la s s C .
M a k e s p r a c t i c a l a p p l ic a t io n s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t i c e s a n d c o n c e p t s u s u a lly
l e a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a i n i n g c o u r s e s .
A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s i g n e d t o d e v e l o p c o m p e t e n c e in t h e
a p p lic a t io n o f s ta n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s t o r o u t in e p r o b l e m s .
R e c e iv e s c l o s e s u p e r v is io n on n e w
a s p e c t s o f a s s i g n m e n t s ; a n d w o r k i s r e v i e w e d t o v e r i f y i t s a c c u r a c y a n d c o n f o r m a n c e w it h
r e q u ir e d p r o c e d u r e s .

F or

le v e l

C la s s C . W o r k s u n d e r im m e d ia t e s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y i n g o u t a n a ly s e s a s a s s i g n e d , u s u a lly
o f a s in g le a c t iv it y .
A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p and ex p a n d p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e
in t h e a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r o c e d u r e s a n d s k i l l s r e q u i r e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s w o r k . F o r e x a m p l e ,
m a y a s s i s t a h ig h e r l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly s t b y p r e p a r i n g th e d e t a ile d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u ir e d
b y p r o g r a m m e r s f r o m in fo r m a t io n d e v e lo p e d b y th e h ig h e r le v e l a n a ly s t.

OR

or

lo w e r

OR

W o r k s o n c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A ) u n d e r c l o s e d i r e c t i o n o f a h i g h e r
le v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s i s t h i g h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r b y in d e p e n d e n t l y p e r ­
fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r f o r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt t a s k s u n d e r fa ir l y c lo s e
d ir e c tio n .
g u id e

to

a s sig n e d t o a s s is t.

C la s s B .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on r e l a t i v e l y s im p le
p r o g r a m s , o r on s i m p l e s e g m e n t s o f c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a lly
p r o c e s s i n f o r m a t i o n t o p r o d u c e d a ta in t w o o r t h r e e v a r i e d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s .
R e p o rts
an d li s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y r e fin i n g , a d a p tin g , a r r a y i n g , o r m a k in g m in o r a d d it io n s t o o r
d e l e t i o n s f r o m in p u t d a t a w h i c h a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e
p r o c e s s e d , t h e d a t a h a v e b e e n r e f i n e d in p r i o r a c t i o n s s o t h a t t h e a c c u r a c y a n d s e q u e n c i n g
o f d a ta c a n b e t e s t e d b y u s in g a fe w r o u tin e c h e c k s .
T y p i c a l l y , t h e p r o g r a m d e a l s w it h
r o u tin e r e c o r d - k e e p i n g ty p e o p e r a t io n s .

M ay

d ir e c tio n

W o r k s o n a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p le x d a ta p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m , a s d e s c r i b e d f o r
c l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o n r o u t in e a s s i g n m e n t s an d r e c e i v e s in s t r u c t io n an d g u id a n c e
on c o m p le x a s sig n m e n ts .
W o r k i s r e v i e w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f j u d g m e n t , c o m p l i a n c e w it h
i n s t r u c t i o n s , a n d t o i n s u r e p r o p e r a l i g n m e n t w it h t h e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .

A t th is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m in g i s d if f ic u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t m u s t b e o r g a n i z e d to
p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in t e r r e l a t e d bu t d iv e r s e p r o d u c t s f r o m n u m e r o u s an d d iv e r s e d a ta e le m e n t s .
A w id e v a r i e t y a n d e x t e n s iv e n u m b e r o f in t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g a c t io n s m u s t o c c u r . T h is r e q u ir e s
s u c h a c t io n s a s d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t io n s w h ic h c a n b e r e u s e d , e s t a b lis h m e n t o f
l i n k a g e p o i n t s b e t w e e n o p e r a t i o n s , a d j u s t m e n t s t o d a ta w h e n p r o g r a m r e q u i r e m e n t s e x c e e d
c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c it y , a n d s u b s t a n t ia l m a n ip u la t io n a n d r e s e q u e n c in g o f d a ta e le m e n t s
t o f o r m a h ig h ly in t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .
M a y p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l d ir e c t io n t o lo w e r

fu n c tio n a l

C la s s B .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n p r o b le m s th a t a r e
r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p lic a t e d t o a n a ly z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , an d o p e r a t e . P r o b le m s a r e o f li m it e d
c o m p l e x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f in p u t d a t a a r e h o m o g e n e o u s a n d t h e o u t p u t d a t a a r e c l o s e l y
r e la te d .
( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in t a in in g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n t s in a b a n k ,
m a in t a in in g a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a il e s t a b lis h m e n t , o r m a in ta in in g in v e n t o r y a c c o u n t s
in a m a n u f a c t u r i n g o r w h o l e s a l e e s t a b l i s h m e n t . ) C o n f e r s w it h p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o d e t e r m i n e
th e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b le m s an d a d v is e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l o n th e im p lic a t io n s o f th e
d a ta p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s to b e a p p lie d .

D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f
o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a t a p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w it h s c i e n t i f i c
a n d /o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b le m s .
F or

BUSINESS— C on tin u ed

e v e r y it e m o f e a c h ty p e is a u t o m a t ic a lly p r o c e s s e d th r o u g h th e f u ll s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s an d
a p p r o p r i a t e f o l l o w u p a c t i o n s a r e i n i t i a t e d b y t h e c o m p u t e r . ) C o n f e r s w it h p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o
d e t e r m in e th e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b le m s an d a d v is e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e im p li c a ­
t io n s o f n e w o r r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f d a ta p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t io n s . M a k e s r e c o m m e n d a t io n s , i f
n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s in s t a lla t io n s o r c h a n g e s a n d f o r o b ta in in g e q u ip m e n t.

W o r k s o n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t an d r e la t e d d e v i c e s b y p e r f o r m in g on e
o r a c o m b in a t i o n o f th e f o ll o w in g : I n s t a llin g , m a in t a in in g , r e p a ir in g , o v e r h a u l in g , t r o u b le s h o o t in g ,
m o d ify in g , c o n s t r u c t in g , an d t e s t in g . W o rk r e q u ir e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a t io n o f t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e
o f e l e c t r o n i c s p r i n c i p l e s , a b i l i t y t o d e t e r m i n e m a l f u n c t i o n s , a n d s k i l l t o p u t e q u i p m e n t in r e q u i r e d
o p e r a t in g c o n d it io n .

29

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — C o n tin u ed

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — C on tin u ed

T h e e q u ip m e n t— c o n s i s t i n g o f e it h e r m a n y d if f e r e n t k in d s o f c i r c u i t s o r m u lt i p l e r e p e t it io n
o f t h e s a m e k i n d o f c i r c u i t — i n c l u d e s , b u t i s n o t l i m i t e d t o , th e f o l l o w i n g : ( a ) E l e c t r o n i c t r a n s ­
m it t in g a n d r e c e i v i n g e q u ip m e n t ( e . g . , r a d a r , r a d io , t e l e v i s i o n , t e le p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v ig a t io n a l
a i d s ) , (b ) d ig i t a l a n d a n a lo g c o m p u t e r s , an d ( c ) in d u s t r ia l a n d m e d i c a l m e a s u r in g a n d c o n t r o ll in g
e q u ip m e n t .

R e c e iv e s t e c h n ic a l g u id a n c e , a s r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r le v e k t e c h n ic ia n ,
a n d w o r k i s r e v i e w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p l i a n c e w it h a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s a n d w o r k a s s i g n m e n t s .
M a y p r o v id e t e c h n ic a l g u id a n c e to lo w e r le v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .
C la s s C .
A p p l i e s w o r k i n g t e c h n i c a l k n o w l e d g e t o p e r f o r m s i m p l e o r r o u t i n e t a s k s in
w o r k i n g o n e l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t , f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d I n s t r u c t i o n s w h ic h c o v e r v i r t u a l l y a l l
p rocedu res.
W o rk t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s s u ch ta s k s a s :
A s s is t in g h ig h e r le v e l te c h n ic ia n s b y
p e r f o r m i n g s u c h a c t i v i t i e s a s r e p la c in g c o m p o n e n t s , w ir i n g c i r c u i t s , a n d ta k in g t e s t r e a d in g s ;
r e p a ir in g s im p le e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t ; a n d p s in g t o o l s a n d c o m m o n t e s t in s t r u m e n t s ( e . g . ,
m u l t i m e t e r s , a u d io s ig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tu b e t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) .
Is n o t r e q u i r e d t o b e
f a m i l i a r w it h t h e i n t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s . T h i s k n o w l e d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y b e a c q u i r e d
t h r o u g h a s s i g n m e n t s d e s i g n e d t o i n c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e ( i n c l u d i n g c l a s s r o o m t r a in i n g ) s o t h a t
w o r k e r c a n a d v a n c e to h ig h e r le v e l te c h n ic ia n .

T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c l u d e s r e p a ir m e n o f s u c h s t a n d a r d e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t a s c o m m o n
o f f i c e m a c h in e s a n d h o u s e h o ld r a d io an d t e le v is io n s e t s ; p r o d u c t io n a s s e m b l e r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k ­
e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u ty i s s e r v i c i n g e l e c t r o n i c t e s t in s t r u m e n t s ; t e c h n ic i a n s w h o h a v e a d m in is ­
t r a tiv e o r s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y : and d r a fts m e n ,
d e s ig n e r s , and p r o fe s s io n a l e n g in e e r s .
P o s itio n s

are

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e ls

o n th e

b a s is

o f th e

fo llo w in g

d e fin itio n s .

C la s s A .
A p p l ie s a d v a n c e d t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e t o s o lv e u n u s u a lly c o m p l e x p r o b le m s
( i . e . , t h o s e th a t t y p i c a l l y c a n n o t b e s o lv e d s o l e l y b y r e f e r e n c e to m a n u f a c t u r e r s 1 m a n u a ls o r
s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k in g on e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t . E x a m p le s o f s u c h p r o b le m s in c lu d e
lo c a t io n an d d e n s it y o f c ir c u i t r y , e le c t r o - m a g n e t ic r a d ia tio n , is o la t in g m a lfu n c t io n s , and
fr e q u e n t e n g i n e e r in g c h a n g e s . W o r k i n v o lv e s : A d e t a ile d u n d e r s ta n d in g o f th e i n t e r r e l a t i o n ­
s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g in d e p e n d e n t ju d g m e n t in p e r f o r m in g s u c h t a s k s a s m a k in g c i r c u i t
a n a l y s e s , c a l c u l a t i n g w a v e f o r m s , t r a c i n g r e l a t i o n s h i p s in s i g n a l f l o w ; a n d r e g u l a r l y u s in g
c o m p l e x t e s t in s t r u m e n t s ( e . g . , d u a l t r a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia t io n m e t e r s , p u ls e
g e n e ra to rs ).
W o rk m a y b e r e v ie w e d b y s u p e r v is o r (fr e q u e n tly an e n g in e e r o r d e s ig n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l
c o m p l i a n c e w it h a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s . M a y p r o v i d e t e c h n i c a l g u i d a n c e t o l o w e r l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n s .
C la s s B .
A p p lie s c o m p r e h e n s iv e t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e c o m p le x p r o b le m s ( i .e .,
t h o s e th a t t y p i c a l l y c a n b e s o lv e d s o l e l y b y p r o p e r l y in t e r p r e t in g m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a ls o r
s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) i n w o r k i n g o n e l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s : A f a m i l i a r i t y w it h
th e in t e r r e l a t io n s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; a n d ju d g m e n t in d e t e r m in in g w o r k s e q u e n c e a n d in s e le c t in g
t o o l s a n d t e s t i n g i n s t r u m e n t s , u s u a l l y l e s s c o m p l e x th a n t h o s e u s e d b y t h e c l a s s A t e c h n i c i a n .

R e c e iv e s t e c h n ic a l g u id a n c e , a s r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r le v e l t e c h n ic ia n .
W o rk is t y p ic a lly s p o t c h e c k e d , but is g iv e n d e t a ile d r e v ie w w h en n e w o r a d v a n c e d a s s ig n m e n ts
a r e in v o lv e d .

N U R SE , IN D U S T R IA L

(R e g is te r e d )

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g iv e s n u r s in g s e r v ic e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ir e c t io n t o i l l o r
in ju r e d e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e il l o r s u ffe r an a c c id e n t o n th e p r e m is e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u t ie s i n v o l v e a c o m b i n a t i o n o f t h e f o l l o w i n g :
G i v in g f i r s t a id
t o t h e i l l o r i n j u r e d ; a t t e n d in g t o s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a t i e n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c i d e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t i o n o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; ' a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t i o n s a n d h e a l t h e v a l u a t i o n s o f a p p l i c a n t s a n d e m p l o y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g a n d c a r r y ­
in g o u t p r o g r a m s i n v o l v i n g h e a lt h e d u c a t i o n , a c c i d e n t p r e v e n t i o n , e v a l u a t i o n o f p la n t e n v i r o n m e n t ,
o r o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t in g th e h e a lth , w e l f a r e , a n d s a fe t y o f a ll p e r s o n n e l . N u r s in g s u p e r v i s o r s
o r h e a d n u r s e s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e t h a n o n e n u r s e a r e e x c l u d e d .

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

F IR E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y

P e r f o r m s t h e c a r p e n t r y d u t i e s n e c e s s a r y t o c o n s t r u c t a n d m a i n t a i n in g o o d r e p a i r b u i l d ­
in g w o o d w o r k a n d e q u i p m e n t s u c h a s b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s ,
s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g a n d la y in g o u t o f w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t io n s ; u s in g a
v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o l s , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , a n d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; m a k ­
in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t i n g t o d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; a n d s e le c t in g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s s a r y
f o r th e w o r k .
In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f t h e m a i n t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d
e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g an d e x p e r i e n c e .

E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e f u n c t io n s s u c h a s th e in s t a ll a t io n , m a in t e n a n c e , o r
r e p a i r o f e q u i p m e n t f o r t h e g e n e r a t i o n , d i s t r i b u t i o n , o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in a n e s t a b ­
li s h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : I n s t a llin g o r r e p a ir in g a n y o f a v a r i e t y o f e l e c ­
t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w it c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k e r s ,
m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n it s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g f r o m b lu e ­
p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , l a y o u t s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g a n d d i a g n o s i n g t r o u b l e in t h e e l e c t r i c a l
s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k in g s t a n d a r d c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t i n g t o lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s o f w ir in g o r
e l e c t r i c a l e q u i p m e n t ; a n d u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d t o o l s a n d m e a s u r i n g a n d t e s t i n g
in s tr u m e n ts .
In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f t h e m a i n t e n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d
e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y

O p e r a t e s an d m a in ta in s an d m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e th e o p e r a t io n o f s t a t io n a r y e n g in e s and
e q u i p m e n t ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) t o s u p p l y t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h i c h e m p l o y e d w it h p o w e r ,
h e a t, r e fr ig e r a t io n , o r a ir -c o n d itio n in g .
W ork in v o lv e s :
O p e r a t in g a n d m a in t a in in g e q u ip m e n t
s u c h a s s te a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b in e s , v e n tila tin g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; an d
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , an d fu e l c o n s u m p t io n . M a y a ls o s u ­
p e r v is e th e s e o p e r a tio n s .
H e a d o r c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e th a n o n e
e n g in e e r a r e e x c lu d e d .




B O IL E R

F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s t o f u r n i s h t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p l o y e d w it h h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r s t e a m . F e e d s fu e ls t o f ir e b y h an d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o il b u r n e r ; and
c h e c k s w a te r and s a fe ty v a lv e s .
M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u i p m e n t .

H ELPER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

TRADES

A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in t h e s k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u t i e s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u c h a s k e e p i n g a w o r k e r s u p p l i e d w it h m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e , a n d e q u ip m e n t; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r ia l s o r
t o o ls ; an d p e r f o r m in g o t h e r u n s k ille d ta s k s a s d ir e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o r k th e
h e l p e r i s p e r m i t t e d t o p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e t o t r a d e : In s o m e t r a d e s t h e h e l p e r i s c o n f i n e d
t o s u p p l y i n g , l i f t i n g , a n d h o l d i n g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s , a n d c l e a n i n g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; a n d in o t h e r s
h e is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m
s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e a l s o
p e r fo r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a fu ll-t im e b a s is .

M A C H I N E -T O O L

OPERATOR,

TOOLROOM

S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t io n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s , s u c h as j i g b o r e r s ,
c y lin d r ic a l o r s u r fa c e g r in d e r s ,
e n g in e la t h e s ,
o r m i l l i n g m a c h i n e s , in t h e c o n s t r u c t i o n o f
m a c h i n e - s h o p t o o l s , g a u g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g : P la n n i n g
an d p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m a c h in in g o p e r a t io n s ; p r o c e s s in g it e m s r e q u ir in g c o m p lic a t e d s e tu p s o r
a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o l i n g , a n d o p e r a t i o n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t i o n
to a c h ie v e r e q u is ite t o le r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s .
M ay b e r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e w hen t o o ls n eed
d r e s s i n g , t o d r e s s t o o l s , a n d t o s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s a n d c u ttin g a n d lu b r ic a t in g o i l s .
For
c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in t o o l a n d d i e j o b b i n g
s h o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th is c la s s if ic a t i o n .
M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E
P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t s a n d n e w p a r t s in m a k i n g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n i c a l
e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : I n t e r p r e t in g w r it t e n
i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g a n d l a y i n g o u t o f w o r k ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t ' s

30

M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E — C on tin u ed

P A IN T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

h a n d t o o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e ttin g up a n d o p e r a t in g s ta n d a r d m a c h in e t o o l s ;
s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t i n g to d im e n ­
s io n s o f w o r k , t o o li n g , f e e d s , an d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f
t h e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u i p m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r h is w o r k ;
a n d f it t in g a n d a s s e m b l in g p a r t s in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t .
In g e n e r a l , t h e m a c h i n i s t ’ s w o r k
n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g , and e x p e r ie n c e .

P a in t s a n d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , a n d f i x t u r e s o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s
t h e f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l e d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u i r e d f o r d i f f e r e n t a p p l i c a ­
t i o n s : p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in t in g b y r e m o v i n g o l d f i n i s h o r b y p l a c i n g p u t t y o r f i l l e r in n a il
h o l e s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p l y i n g p a in t w it h s p r a y g u n o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s , o i l s , w h it e
l e a d , a n d o t h e r p a in t i n g r e d i e n t s t o o b t a i n p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n s i s t e n c y . In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f th e
m a in t e n a n c e p a in t e r r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E

R e p a ir s a u t o m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , an d t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o rk in ­
v o l v e s m o s t o f t h e _ f o U o w i n j [ : E x a m in in g a u t o m o t iv e e q u ip m e n t t o d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d i s ­
a s s e m b l in g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m in g r e p a i r s th a t in v o lv e th e u s e o f s u c h h a n d to o ls a s w r e n c h e s ,
g a u g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u i p m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r f i t t i n g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r
d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g a n d a d ju s t in g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l in g an d in s t a llin g th e v a r i o u s
a s s e m b l i e s in t h e v e h i c l e a n d m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s ; a n d a l i g n i n g w h e e l s , a d ju s t i n g b r a k e s
a n d l i g h t s , o r t i g h t e n i n g b o d y b o l t s . In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f t h e a u t o m o t i v e m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e .
T h is
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M E C H A N IC ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

(M a in te n a n c e )

does

n o t in c lu d e m e c h a n i c s

w ho

r e p a ir

I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r t y p e s o f p ip e a n d p i p e f i t t i n g s in tin
e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : L a y in g ou t o f w o r k and m e a s u r in g to lo c a te
p o s i t i o n o f p i p e f r o m d r a w i n g s o r o t h e r w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u t t in g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p i p e t o
c o r r e c t le n g t h s w it h c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t i n g m a c h i n e s ; t h r e a d i n g
p i p e w it h s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p i p e b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
p i p e w it h c o u p l i n g s a n d f a s t e n i n g p ip e t o h a n g e r s : m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o
p r e s s u r e s , f l o w , a n d s i z e o f p ip e r e q u i r e d ; a n d m a k i n g s t a n d a r d t e s t s t o d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r f i n ­
is h e d p ip e s m e e t s p e c i f i c a t i o n s .
In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f t h e m a i n t e n a n c e p i p e f i t t e r r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in i n s t a l l i n g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u il d i n g s a n it a t io n
o r h e a tin g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .

c u s t o m e r s ' v e h i c l e s in a u t o ­
S H E E T -M E T A L

shops.

M A IN T E N A N C E

R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e f o llo w in g :
E x a m in in g m a c h in e s a n d m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t t o d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d i s m a n t l i n g o r p a r t l y d i s m a n t l i n g m a c h i n e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t m a i n l y i n v o l v e t h e u s e
o f h a n d t o o l s in s c r a p i n g a n d f i t t i n g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w it h i t e m s o b t a i n e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g t h e p r o d u c t i o n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h i n e s h o p o r s e n d i n g o f th e
m a c h in e to a m a c h in e sh o p f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s ; p r e p a r in g w r it t e n s p e c ific a t io n s f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c t io n o f p a r ts o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e s h o p ; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m a k in g
a l l n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t i o n . In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f a m a i n t e n a n c e m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d tr a in in g an d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E x c lu d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u tie s
i n v o l v e s e t t i n g u p o r a d ju s t i n g m a c h i n e s .

M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a lls n e w m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t , a n d d is m a n t le s a n d in s t a ll s m a c h in e s o r h e a v y
e q u i p m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s in t h e p la n t l a y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n i n g a n d l a y i n g o u t o f t h e w o r k ; i n t e r p r e t i n g b l u e p r i n t s o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y
o f h a n d t o o ls a n d r ig g in g ; m a k in g s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t i n g t o s t r e s s e s , s t r e n g t h o f
m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lig n in g an d b a la n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t; s e le c t in g s ta n d a r d t o o l s ,
e q u ip m e n t , a n d p a r t s t o b e u s e d ; an d in s t a llin g an d m a in t a in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n
e q u i p m e n t s u c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l , t h e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s
a r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r ie n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a i n t a i n s in g o o d r e p a i r t h e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f i x t u r e s
(s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e lv e s , lo c k e r s , ta n k s , v e n t ila t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e ta l
r o o f in g ) o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o ll o w in g :
P la n n i n g a n d l a y i n g o u t a l l
t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a i n t e n a n c e w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , m o d e l s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; s e t t in g
u p a n d o p e r a t i n g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k i n g m a c h i n e s ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d t o o ls
in c u ttin g , b e n d in g , f o r m in g , s h a p in g , fit t in g , an d a s s e m b l in g ; an d in s t a llin g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s
a s r e q u ir e d .
In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f t h e m a i n t e n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
tr a in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .
TOOL

AND

D IE M A K E R

C o n s t r u c t s an d r e p a ir s m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a u g e s , j i g s , fix t u r e s o r d ie s f o r fo r g in g s ,
p u n c h in g , a n d o t h e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o ll o w in g :
P la n n i n g a n d
la y in g o u t o f w o r k f r o m m o d e l s , b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , o r o t h e r o r a l an d w r it t e n s p e c i f ic a t io n s ;
u s in g a v a r i e t y o f t o o l an d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls an d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
s t a n d i n g o f t h e w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s a n d a l l o y s ; s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t i n g o f
m a c h in e t o o l s a n d r e la t e d e q u ip m e n t; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g t o d im e n s io n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , a n d t o o li n g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t - t r e a t in g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g fa b r ic a t i o n
a s w e ll a s o f f in is h e d t o o ls an d d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a lit ie s ; w o r k in g to c l o s e t o le r a n c e s ;
fit t in g a n d a s s e m b l in g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s an d a ll o w a n c e s ; an d s e le c t in g a p p r o p r ia t e
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , a n d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l , t h e t o o l a n d d i e m a k e r ' s w o r k r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d
t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p a n d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p
o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

sh ops

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

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CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEM ENT
GUARD AND

L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L

W ATCHM EN

G u a r d . P e r f o r m s r o u t in e p o l i c e d u tie s , e it h e r at fix e d p o s t o r o n t o u r , m a in ta in in g o r d e r ,
u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y . I n c lu d e s g a t e m e n w h o a r e s t a t io n e d a t g a te and c h e c k
o n id e n tity o f e m p lo y e e s an d o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .
W a tch m a n .
th e ft]
JA N IT O R ,

and ille g a l

M akes

rou n d s o f p r e m is e s

p e r io d ic a lly

in p r o t e c t in g

p rop erty

a g a in s t f i r e ,

e n try .

PO R TE R , OR

H A N D L IN G

A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t , s t o r e , o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t
w h o s e d u t ie s in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g : L o a d in g a n d u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s and
m e r c h a n d is e o n o r f r o m fr e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g ,
o r p l a c i n g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t i n g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d i s e b y h a n d t r u c k , c a r , o r w h e e l b a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o l o a d a n d u n lo a d s h i p s a r e
e x c lu d e d .

CLEANER
ORDER

C l e a n s a n d k e e p s in a n o r d e r l y c o n d i t i o n f a c t o r y w o r k i n g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t . D u tie s in v o lv e
a c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o llo w in g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , an d p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g
c h ip s , t r a s h , a n d o t h e r r e f u s e ; d u s tin g e q u ip m e n t, fu r n it u r e , o r f ix t u r e s : p o lis h in g m e t a l f i x ­
t u r e s o r t r im m i n g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p lie s a n d m in o r m a in t e n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; a n d c le a n i n g l a v a t o r i e s ,
s h o w e r s , a n d r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w h o s p e c i a l i z e in w in d o w w a s h in g a r e e x c l u d e d .




31

F IL L E R

F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in i s h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w it h s p e c i f i c a t i o n s o n s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o t h e r i n s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d i t io n
t o fi l l i n g o r d e r s a n d in d ic a t in g it e m s f i l l e d o r o m it t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u t g o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i­
s i t i o n a d d i t i o n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p l i e s t o s u p e r v i s o r , a n d p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t e d d u tie ^ .-"

P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G

T R U C K D R IV E R — C on tin u ed

P r e p a r e s f in i s h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p la c in g th e m in s h ip p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u p on th e t y p e , s i z e , an d n u m b e r
o f u n it s t o b e p a c k e d , t h e t y p e o f c o n t a i n e r e m p l o y e d , a n d m e t h o d o f s h i p m e n t . W o r k r e q u i r e s
th e p la c in g o f it e m s in s h ip p in g c o n t a in e r s an d m a y in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
K n o w l e d g e o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r t o v e r i f y c o n t e n t ; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e t y p e
a n d s i z e o f c o n t a i n e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s i n g e x c e l s i o r o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l t o
p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g a n d s e a lin g c o n t a in e r ; an d a p p ly in g la b e l s o r e n t e r in g
id e n tify in g d a ta o n c o n t a in e r .
P a c k e r s w ho a ls o m a k e w ood en b o x e s o r c r a te s a r e e x c lu d e d .
S H IP P IN G

AND

R E C E IV IN G

fo llo w s :

F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c l a s s if ie d by s iz e and ty p e
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld b e r a t e d o n th e b a s is o f t r a i l e r c a p a c it y .)
T
T
T
T
T

r u c k d r iv e r (c o m b in a t io n o f s iz e s lis t e d s e p a r a t e ly )
r u c k d r i v e r , l i g h t ( u n d e r lV z t o n s )
r u c k d r i v e r , m e d i u m ( I V 2 t o a n d in c l u d i n g 4 t o n s )
r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s , t r a ile r ty p e)
r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o t h e r th a n t r a i l e r t y p e )

CLERK
TRUCKER,

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h i p m e n t , o r r e c e i v e s a n d is r e s p o n s i b l e f o r i n c o m i n g s h i p ­
m e n t s o f m e r c h a n d i s e o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l s . S h ip p i n g w o r k i n v o l v e s : A k n o w l e d g e o f s h i p p i n g p r o ­
c e d u r e s , p r a c t ic e s , r o u t e s , a v a ila b le m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t io n , and r a t e s ; an d p r e p a r in g r e c o r d s
o f t h e g o o d s s h i p p e d , m a k i n g u p b i l l s o f l a d i n g , p o s t i n g w e i g h t a n d s h ip p i n g c h a r g e s , a n d k e e p i n g
a f i l e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s .
M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g th e m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m e n t.
R e c e i v i n g w o r k i n v o l v e s ; V e r i f y i n g o r d i r e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y i n g t h e c o r r e c t n e s s o f s h i p m e n t s
a g a in s t b il ls o f la d in g , i n v o i c e s , o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k i n g f o r s h o r t a g e s a n d r e je c t i n g d a m ­
a g e d g o o d s ; r o u tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; a n d m a in t a in in g n e c e s s a r y
r e c o r d s and file s .
F or

w age

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

w ork ers

are

c la s s ifie d

as

POW ER

O p e r a t e s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t
g o o d s a n d m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k i n d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t , o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
T ru cker,
T ru cker,

w o r k e r s a r e c la s s ifie d by typ e o f tr u c k ,

as fo llo w s :

p o w e r (fo r k lift)
p o w e r ( o t h e r th a n f o r k l i f t )

W AREH O U SEM AN

fo llo w s :

R e c e iv in g c le r k
S h ip p i n g c l e r k
S h ip p i n g a n d r e c e i v i n g c l e r k
T R U C K D R IV E R
D r i v e s a t r u c k w it h i n a c i t y o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a t o t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e ,
e q u ip m e n t , o r m e n b e t w e e n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s s u c h a s : M a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t s , f r e ig h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e t a il e s t a b lis h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a il e s t a b lis h m e n t s an d
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o l o a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w it h o r w it h o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , a n d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k i n g o r d e r .
D r iv e r -s a le s m e n and
o v e r -t h e -r o a d d r iv e r s a re e x clu d e d .




o f e q u ip m e n t , a s

A s d i r e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f w a r e h o u s in g d u tie s w h ic h r e q u ir e an u n d e r s ta n d in g
o f t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's s t o r a g e p l a n .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o ll o w in g : V e r ify in g m a t e r ia l s
( o r m e r c h a n d i s e ) a g a i n s t r e c e i v i n g d o c u m e n t s , n o t in g a n d r e p o r t i n g d i s c r e p a n c i e s a n d o b v i o u s
d a m a g e s ; r o u t in g m a t e r i a l s t o p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e lo c a t i o n s ; s t o r in g , s t a c k in g , o r p a lle t i z in g
m a t e r i a l s i n a c c o r d a n c e w it h p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m e t h o d s ; r e a r r a n g i n g a n d t a k i n g i n v e n t o r y o f
s t o r e d m a t e r ia l s ; e x a m in in g s t o r e d m a t e r ia ls an d r e p o r t in g d e t e r io r a t io n and d a m a g e : r e m o v in g
m a t e r ia l fr o m
s t o r a g e a n d p r e p a r i n g it f o r s h i p m e n t .
M a y o p e r a t e h a n d o r p o w e r t r u c k s in
p e r fo r m in g w a r e h o u s in g d u tie s .
E x c l u d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y 'd u t i e s i n v o l v e s h ip p i n g a n d r e c e i v i n g w o r k ( s e e s h ip p i n g
a n d r e c e i v i n g c l e r k a n d p a c k e r , s h ip p in g ), o r d e r f il lin g ( s e e o r d e r f i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a t in g p o w e r
tr u c k s (s e e t r u c k e r , p o w e r ).

32

Area Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins or bulletin supplements is presented below. A directory of area wage studies including more limited studies
conducted at the request of the Employment Standards Administration of the Department of Labor is available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from any
of the BLS regional offices shown on the back cover, or from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402.
Bulletin supplements may be obtained, without cost, only from BLS regional offices.
Area
Akron, Ohio, Dec. 1973 1____________________________________
Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N.Y., Mar. 1973 1 _______________
Albuquerque, N. Mex., Mar. 1973____________________________
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa.—
N.J., May 1973------------ __
Atlanta, Ga., May 1973____________________________ __ _______
Austin, Tex., Dec. 1973______________________________________
Baltimore, Md., Aug. 197 3__ ...______________________________
Beaumont—
Port Arthui^Orange, Tex., May 1973 1 __________
Binghamton, N.Y.—
Pa., July 1973 1____ ______________________
Birmingham, Ala., Mar. 1973 1______________________________
Boise City, Idaho, Nov. 1973________________________________
Boston, M ass., Aug. 1973___ __ _____________________________
Buffalo, N.Y., Oct. 1973_____________________________________
Burlington, V t., Dec. 1973___________________________________
Canton, Ohio, May 1973______________________________________
Charleston, W. V a., Mar. 1973______________________________
Charlotte, N.C., Jan. 1974__________________ _________________
Chattanooga, Tenn.-Ga., Sept. 1973_________________________
Chicago, 111., May 1973___________________________ ___________
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—
Ind., Feb. 1973________________________
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1973__________________________________
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1973___________ —
______________________
Dallas, Tex., Oct. 1973______________________________________
Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111., Feb. 1973___ __ ._
_
Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 197 3_____________________________________
Denver, Colo., Dec. 1973____________________________________
Des Moines, Iowa, May 1973__________________ __________ _____
Detroit, Mich., Mar. 1973 1__________________________________
Durham, N.C., Dec. 1973 1
___________________________________
Fort Lauderdale—
Hollywood and West Palm
Beach, Fla., Apr. 1973_____________________________________
Fort Worth, Tex., Oct. 1973--------------------------------------------------Green Bay, W is., July 1973--------------------- -----------------------------Greenville, S.C., May 1973 1_____________ _____________ _____
Houston, Tex., Apr. 1973______ ___________________ ____ _______
Huntsville, Ala., Feb. 1973-------------------------------,-------------------Indianapolis, Ind., Oct, 197 3_____________ -___________________
Jackson, M iss., Jan. 1973----------------------------------------------------------------------- ----------------------------Jacksonville, Fla., Dec. 1973 1
Kansas City, Mo.—
Kans., Sept. 1973 1________________________
Lawrence—
Haverhill, Mass.—
N.H., June 1973_ _____ _______
_
Lexington, Ky., Nov. 1973________________________________ ___
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark., July 1973______._______
Los Angeles—
Long Beach and Anaheim—
Santa AnaGarden Grove, Calif., Oct. 197 3____ _________________ _____
Louisville, Ky.—
Ind., Nov. 1973______________________________
Lubbock, Tex., Mar. 1973-----------------------------------------------------Manchester, N.H., July 1973________________________________
Melbourne—
Titusville—
Cocoa, Fla.,
Aug. 1973 1
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------




Bulletin number
and price
1795-10,
1775-62,
1775-52,
1775-90,
1775-79,
Suppl.
Suppl.
1775-82,
1795-1,
1775-65,
Suppl.
Suppl.
Suppl.
Suppl.
1775-73,
1775-74,
Suppl.
Suppl.
1775-88,
1775-53,
Suppl.
Suppl.
Suppl.
1775-57,
Suppl.
Suppl.
1775-72,
1775-89,
1795-9,

65 cents
55 cents
40 cents
50 cents
40 cents
Free
F ree
40 cents
55 cents
55 cents
F ree
F ree
F ree
F ree
40 cents
40 cents
F ree
F ree
50 cents
50 cents
F ree
F ree
F ree
40 cents
F ree
F ree
40 cents
80 cents
65 cents

1775-64,
Suppl.
Suppl.
1775-86,
1775-71,
1775-48,
Suppl.
1775-44,
1795-8,
1794-4,
1775-93,
Suppl.
Suppl.

40 cents
F ree
F ree
40 cents
50 cents
40 cents
Free
40 cents
65 cents
80 cents
50 cents
F ree
F ree

Suppl.
Suppl.
1775-55,
Suppl.

Free
F ree
40 cents
Free

1795-2,

55 cents

D a ta o n e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p ro v is io n s are a ls o p resen ted .

Area
Memphis, Term.—
Ark., Nov. 1972____________________________
Miami, Fla., Nov. 197 3_______________ ______________________
Midland and Odessa, Tex., Jan. 1974________________________
Milwaukee, W is., May 1973__________________________________
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn., Jan. 1974_____________________
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich., June 1973_____________
Newark and Jersey City, N.J., Jan. 1973____________________
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1974________________________________
New Orleans, La., Jan. 1973____ ____________________________
New York, N.Y., Apr. 1973__________________________________
Norfolk—
Virginia Beach-Portsmouth and
Newport News—
Hampton, Va., Jan. 1973 1 _________________
Oklahoma City, Okla., July 197 3--------------------------------------- ____
Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa, Sept. 1973______________________________
Paterson—
Clifton—
Passaic, N.J., June 1973_________________
Philadelphia, Pa.—
N.J., Nov. 1972_________ __________________
Phoenix, A riz., June 1973__________________________ _________
Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 1973 1_________________________________
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1973 1________________________________
Portland, Oreg.—
Wash., May 1973_ ,___________ ____________
_
Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—
Newburgh, N.Y., June 1973_________
Providence—
Warwick—
Pawtucket, R.I.—
Mass.,
Raleigh, N.C., Dec. 1973 1___________- - __ ,__________________
Richmond, Va., Mar. 1973___ —
_____________________________
Riverside—
San Bernardino—
Ontario, Calif.,
Rockford, 111., June 1973____________________________________
St. Louis, Mo.—
111., Mar. 1973 1 _____________________________
Salt Lake City, Utah, Nov. 197 3________________________ ____
San Antonio, Tex., May 1973________________________________
San Diego, Calif., Nov. 197 3____________________ _____ _______
San Francisco—
Oakland, Calif., Mar. 1973_____ _____________
San Jose, Calif., Mar. 1973_ ______________________________
_
Savannah, Ga., May 1973_________________ __________________
Scranton, Pa., July 1973 1____________________________________
Seattle—
Everett, Wash., Jan. 1973______ ____________________
Sioux Falls, S. Dak., Dec. 1973_________________________ ____
South Bend, Ind., Mar. 1973_________________________________
Spokane, Wash., June 1973_________________ _________________
Tampa—
St. Petersburg, Fla., Aug. 1973_____________________
Toledo, Ohio—
Mich., Apr. 1973______________________________
Trenton, N.J., Sept. 1973______________ ______________________
Washington, D.C.—
Md.—
Va., Mar. 1973______________________
Waterbury, Conn., Mar. 1973_______________________________
Waterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1973 1
____ _______________________ _____
Wichita, Kans., Apr. 1973____________ _____________ ________
Worcester, Mass., May 1973____ _____________ _______________
York, Pa., Feb. 1973________________________________________
Youngstown—
Warren, Ohio, Nov. 1973____ __________________

Bulletin number
and price
1775-30,
Suppl.
Suppl.
1775-83,
Suppl.
1775-91,
1775-50,
Suppl.
1775-47,
1775-94,

40 cents
Free
F ree
40 cents
F ree
50 cents
55 cents
F ree
40 cents
50 cents

1775-51,
Suppl.
Suppl.
1775-92,
1775-45,
1775-96,
1775-67,
1795-6,
1775-87,
1775-85,

50 cents
Free
Free
55 cents
55 cents
50 cents
75 cents
65 cents
35 cents
35 cents

1775-84, 35 cents
1795-7, 65 cents
1775-68, 40 cents
Suppl.
1775-80,
1775-69,
Suppl.
1775-78,
Suppl.
1775-81,
1775-66,
1775-77,
1795-3,
1775-56,
Suppl.
1775-54,
1775-95,
Suppl.
1775-63,
Suppl.
1775-75,
1775-58,
1795-5,
1775-70,
1775-76,
1775-59,
Suppl.

Free
35 cents
75 cents
Free
35 cents
Free
40 cents
40 cents
40 cents
55 cents
40 cents
Free
40 cents
50 cents
Free
40 cents
Free
50 cents
40 cents
60 cents
40 cents
40 cents
40 cents
Free

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID

U.S. D E P A R T M E N T OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D C. 20212

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
LAB 441

OFFICIAL BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE $300

U.S. MAIL

THIRD CLASS MAIL

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S
Region I
1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

Region II
Suite 3400
1515 Broadway
New York, N.Y. 10036
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

Region V
8th Floor, 300 South Wacker Drive
Chicago, III. 60606
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)
Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
Wisconsin

Region VI
1100 Commerce St. Rm. 6B7
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Texas




New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Region III
P.O. Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 597-1154 (Area Code 215)
Delaware
District of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)
Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Regions VII and VIII
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)
VII
VIII
Iowa
Colorado
Kansas
Montana
Missouri
North Dakota
Nebraska
South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)
IX
X
Alaska
Arizona
Idaho
California
Oregon
Hawaii
Washington
Nevada


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102