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a .i.‘

7i f - j r

AREA WAGE SURVEY
Waterloo, Iowa, Metropolitan Area,
November 1973
Bulletin 1795-5

c

Waterloo

BLACK HAWK




Dayton & Montgomery Co.

Public Library

M A R I 9 1974
DOCUMENT COLLECTION

U S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
_
Bureau of Labor Statistics




ANNOUNCEM ENT
B egin n in g w ith the 1795 s e r ie s , A r e a W age S u rveys w ill be
issu ed as b u lletin s (fo r s a le ) on ly e v e r y th ird y e a r .
T h e s e b u lletin s
w ill contain in fo rm a tio n on e s ta b lis h m en t p r a c tic e s and su p p lem en ta ry
b e n e fits as w e ll as e a rn in g s .
In the in t e r im y e a r s , su pplem ents
con tainin g data on ea rn in g s on ly w ill be is s u e d f r e e .
Supplem ents can
be obtained fr o m B L S R e g io n a l O ffic e s lis te d on the b ack c o v e r o f
this p u b lication .

Preface
T h is b u lle tin p ro v id e s re s u lts o f a N o v e m b e r 1973 s u r v e y o f occu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s
and s u p p lem e n ta ry w age b e n e fits in the W a te r lo o , Io w a , Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l
A r e a (B la c k H awk C oun ty).
Th e s u r v e y was m ade as p a rt o f the B u reau o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s '
annual a r e a w age s u r v e y p r o g r a m .
T h e p r o g r a m is d e sig n e d to y ie ld data fo r in d ivid u al
m e tro p o lita n a r e a s , as w e ll as n a tion al and r e g io n a l e s tim a te s fo r a ll Standard M e tro p o lita n
S ta tis tic a l A r e a s in the U n ited S ta te s , exclu d in g A la s k a and H a w a ii.
A m a jo r c o n s id e ra tio n in the a r e a w age s u r v e y p r o g r a m is the need to d e s c r ib e the
l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w ages in a v a r ie t y o f la b o r m a r k e ts , through the a n a ly s is o f ( l ) the
le v e l and d is trib u tio n o f w ages by occu p atio n , and (2) the m o v e m e n t o f w ages by occu p atio n al
c a te g o r y and s k ill le v e l.
T h e p r o g r a m d e v e lo p s in fo rm a tio n that m a y be used f o r m any
p u rp o s e s , includin g w age and s a la r y a d m in is tra tio n , c o lle c t iv e b a rg a in in g , and a s s is ta n c e in
d e te rm in in g plant lo c a tio n .
S u rv e y re s u lts a ls o a r e used by the U .S . D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r
to m ake w age d e te rm in a tio n s under the S e r v ic e C o n tra c t A c t o f 1965.
C u rr e n tly , 94 a re a s a r e included in the p r o g r a m .
(See lis t o f a re a s on in sid e back
c o v e r.)
In each a r e a , occu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s data a r e c o lle c te d annually.
In fo rm a tio n on
e s ta b lis h m en t p r a c tic e s and su p p lem e n ta ry w age b e n e fits , c o lle c te d e v e r y second y e a r in the
p a s t, is now obtained e v e r y th ird y e a r .
R e su lts o f the next tw o annual s u r v e y s , p ro v id in g
e a rn in g s data o n ly , w ill be issu ed as f r e e su p plem ents to this b u lle tin .
T h e supplem ents
m a y be obtained fr o m the B u re a u ’ s r e g io n a l o ff ic e s .
(S ee b ack c o v e r fo r a d d r e s s e s .)
E ach y e a r a fte r a ll in d iv id u a l a r e a w age s u rv e y s h ave been c o m p le te d , tw o su m m a ry
b u lletin s a r e issu ed .
T h e f i r s t b rin g s to g e th e r data fo r each m e tro p o lita n a r e a s u rv e y e d .
T h e second su m m a ry b u lletin p re s e n ts n ation al and r e g io n a l e s tim a te s , p r o je c te d fr o m in ­
d iv id u a l m e tro p o lita n a r e a data.
T h e W a te rlo o s u r v e y was conducted by the B u re a u 's r e g io n a l o ffic e in K ansas C ity ,
M o . , under the g e n e ra l d ir e c tio n o f E d w ard C haik en, A s s o c ia te A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l D ir e c t o r
fo r O p e ra tio n s .
T h e s u r v e y could not have b een a c c o m p lis h e d w ithout the c o o p e ra tio n o f the
m any fir m s w hose w age and s a la r y data p ro v id e d the b a s is fo r the s ta tis tic a l in fo rm a tio n in
th is b u lle tin . T h e B u reau w ish es to e x p r e s s s in c e r e a p p re c ia tio n fo r the c o o p e ra tio n r e c e iv e d .

AREA W AGE SURVEY

Bulletin 1795-5

V

February 1974

U.S. D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R , Peter J. Brennan, Secretary
B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S , Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

W a te rlo o , Io w a , M e tro p o lita n A re a , N o v e m b e r 1973
CONTENTS
Page
2 In trod u ction

T a b le s :
A.

E a rn in g s :
W e e k ly ea rn in g s o f o ffic e w o rk e rs
A - 1.
A -2 .
W e e k ly earn in gs o f p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l w o rk e rs
A - 3.
A v e r a g e w e e k ly ea rn in g s o f o f f ic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l w o r k e r s , by sex
H o u rly e arn in gs o f m ain ten an ce and p ow erp la n t w o rk e rs
A -4 .
H o u rly e arn in gs o f cu s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t w o rk e rs
A -5 .
A v e r a g e h ou rly e a rn in g s o f m a in ten an ce, p o w e rp la n t, c u s to d ia l, and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t w o r k e r s , by s e x
A -6 .
In dexes o f earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occu p atio n al groups and p e rc e n ts o f in c r e a s e fo r s e le c te d p e rio d s
A -7 .
P e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e in a v e r a g e h o u rly e a rn in g s f o r s e le c te d occu p atio n al g ro u p s , ad justed fo r em p lo ym e n t shifts
A -8 .

B.

E s ta b lis h m en t p r a c tic e s and s u p p lem e n ta ry w age p ro v is io n s :
stab
M in im u m e n tran ce s a la r ie s fo r in e x p e rie n c e d ty p ists and c le rk s
B - l.
B -2 .
L a t e - s h ift pay p ro v is io n s fo r m an u factu rin g plant w o rk e rs
B -3 .
Scheduled w e e k ly hours and days o f f ir s t - s h ift w o rk e rs
B -4 .
Annual paid h o lid ays
B -4 a . Id e n tific a tio n o f m a jo r paid h o lid ays
P a id v a c a tio n p ro v is io n s
B -5 .
B -6 .
H e a lth , in s u ra n ce , and pen sion plan p ro v is io n s

3
4
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
17

19 A p p en d ix A .
22 A p p en d ix B.

Scope and m ethod o f s u r v e y
O ccu p ation al d e s c rip tio n s




F o r s ale b y th e S u p e r in t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n f l O f f i c e , W a s h in g to n , D C . 2 0 4 0 2 , G P O B o o k s t o r e s , o r
B L S R e g io n a l O ff ic e s lis te d o n b a c k c o v e r . P r ic e 6 0 c e n ts . M a k e c h e c k s p a y a b le t o S u p e r in t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s .

M ic r o f ic h e e d i t i o n a v a ila b le f r o m N a tio n a l T e c h n ic a l I n f o r m a t i o n S e rv ic e , S p r in g f ie ld , V a . 2 2 1 5 1 , f o r $ 1 .4 5 .
M a k e c h e c k s f o r m ic r o f i c h e p a y a b le t o N T IS .

1

In tro d u c tio n
plant w o r k e r s .
T h e f i r s t o f th e s e , ta b le A - 7 , m e a s u re s chan ges in
a v e r a g e e a rn in g s o f the fo u r occu p a tio n a l grou p s o v e r tim e .
W h ere
p o s s ib le , data a r e p re s e n te d fo r a ll in d u s trie s and m an u factu rin g.
T a b le A - 8 p re s e n ts an oth er m e a s u re o f w a g e m o v e m e n ts . The p e rc e n ts
o f change r e p o r te d fo r the occu p a tio n a l grou p s a re com puted to e lim in a te
chan ges in a v e r a g e e a rn in g s cau sed by em p lo ym e n t sh ifts am ong e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts as w e ll as tu r n o v e r o f e s ta b lis h m en ts in clu d ed in s u rv e y
s a m p le s . W h ere p o s s ib le , data a ls o a re p re s e n te d fo r nonm anu factu rin g.
A p p e n d ix A d is c u s s e s m o r e fu lly d iffe r e n c e s b etw een th ese ta b le s .

T h is a r e a is 1 o f 94 in w h ich the U .S. D ep a rtm en t o f L a b o r 's
B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s con du cts s u rv e y s o f occu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s and
r e la te d b e n e fits on an a r e a w id e b a s is . In th is a r e a , data w e r e obtained
by p e rs o n a l v is it s o f B u reau f ie ld e c o n o m is ts to r e p r e s e n ta tiv e e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b ro a d in d u s try d iv is io n s : M an u fa ctu rin g; t r a n s p o r ­
tation , c om m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p ublic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il
tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r in d u s try
g rou p s e xclu d ed fr o m th e s e stu d ies a r e g o v e rn m e n t o p e ra tio n s and the
c o n stru c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s . E s ta b lis h m en ts h a vin g fe w e r than
a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d b eca u se o f in s u ffic ie n t
e m p lo y m e n t in the o ccu p atio n s studied. S ep a ra te tab u la tion s a re p ro v id e d
f o r ea c h o f th e b ro a d in d u s try d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u b lication c r it e r ia .

B - s e r ie s ta b le s
T h e B - s e r ie s ta b le s p re s e n t in fo rm a tio n on m in im u m e n tra n ce
s a la r ie s f o r o ffic e w o r k e r s ; la t e - s h ift pay p r o v is io n s and p r a c t ic e s fo r
plant w o r k e r s in m a n u fa ctu rin g; and data s e p a ra te ly fo r plant and o ffic e
w o r k e r s on scheduled w e e k ly hours and days o f f i r s t - s h i ft w o r k e r s ; p aid
h o lid a y s ; paid v a c a tio n s ; and h ealth , in s u ra n ce , and p ension p lan s.

A - s e r i e s ta b le s
T a b le s A - 1 th rou gh A - 6 p ro v id e e s tim a te s o f s tr a ig h t-tim e
h o u rly o r w e e k ly e a rn in g s f o r w o r k e r s in occu p ation s com m on to a
v a r ie t y o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and non m an u factu rin g in d u s tr ie s .
O ccupation s
w e r e s e le c te d f r o m th e fo llo w in g c a t e g o r ie s : (a ) O ffic e c le r ic a l, (b ) p r o ­
fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l, (c ) m ain ten an ce and p o w e rp la n t, and (d ) c u s to d ia l
and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t.
In the 22 la r g e s t s u r v e y a r e a s , ta b le s A - l a
th rou gh A - 6a p r o v id e s im ila r data f o r e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g 500
w o rk ers o r m o re.

A p p e n d ix e s
T h is b u lle tin has tw o ap p en d ixes. A p p e n d ix A d e s c r ib e s the
m eth od s and c on cep ts used in the a r e a w age s u rv e y p r o g r a m and p r o v id e s
in fo rm a tio n on the scope o f th e a r e a s u rv e y .
It a ls o p ro v id e s i n f o r ­
m a tion on la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a g re e m e n t c o v e r a g e . A p p e n d ix B p ro v id e s
jo b d e s c r ip tio n s used by B u reau f ie ld e c o n o m is ts to c la s s ify w o r k e r s in
occu p atio n s fo r w h ich s tr a ig h t-tim e e a rn in g s in fo rm a tio n is p re s e n te d .

Following the occupational wage tables are two tables providing
indexes and percents of change in average earnings of office clerical
workers, industrial nurses, skilled maintenance workers, and unskilled




2

A. Earnings
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Waterloo, Iowa, November 1973
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)______

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv is io n

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly ea rn in gs of—
t

Average
weekly

t
65

hours1

t

t

i

I

(

S

t

i

(

t

i

t

t

t

t

(

70

$
9 8 .0 0

$
9 6 .0 0

85

90

95

100

105

110

120

130

160

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

120

130

160

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220 o v e r

$
0 0 -1 1 7 .

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------

3 9 .5
6 0 .0

1 6 5 .0 0
1 7 5 .0 0

1 7 7 .5 0
1 9 9 .0 0

126. 0 0 -2 0 7 .
129. 5 0 -2 0 8 .

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------

6 0 .0
6 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 2 0 .0 0
1 2 6 .5 0
1 0 9 .5 0

1 1 6 .5 0
1 1 6 .0 0
1 1 5 .5 0

.5 0 -1 3 2 .
.0 0 - 1 6 2 .
.0 0 - 1 2 3 .

CLERKS, PAYROLL --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------

6 0 .0
6 0 .0

1 6 5 .5 0
1 5 6 .0 0

1 3 0 .0 0
1 6 0 .0 0

SECRETARIES -------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------

6 0 .0
6 0 .0

1 6 1 .0 0
1 6 6 .0 0

1 5 0 .0 0
1 6 2 .5 0

122 0 0 -2 0 7 .
123. 5 0 -2 0 8 .

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -----------MA NUFACTURING --------------------

6 0 .0
6 0 .0

1 7 0 .5 0
1 7 3 .0 0

1 8 0 .0 0
1 9 5 .0 0

136. 00- 2 1 0 .
135. 00 - 211 .

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------

6 0 .0
6 0 .0

1 6 3 .5 0
1 6 3 .5 0

1 9 6 .0 0
1 9 6 .0 0

.5 0 -2 0 7 .
,5 0 -2 0 7 .

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -----------MA NU FACTURING --------------------

6 0 .0
6 0 .0

1 5 7 .0 0
1 5 6 .5 0

1 8 0 .0 0
1 7 8 .0 0

116..0 0 -1 8 7 .
116.,0 0 -1 8 6 .

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------

6 0 .0
6 0 .0
6 0 .0

1 5 3 .0 0
1 7 6 .0 0
1 1 7 .5 0

1 5 6 .0 0
1 8 9 .5 0
1 1 9 .0 0

.5 0 -1 9 2 .
,0 0 -1 9 7 .
,5 0 -1 6 6 .

SWITCH80ARD OP ER AT OR -RECEPTIONISTS
MA NU FACTURING --------------------

3 9 .5
6 0 .0

9 6 .5 0
9 8 .5 0

9 6 .0 0
96 . 00

,0 0 -1 0 6 .
.0 0 -1 0 9 .

6 0 .0
6 0 .0

1 2 9 .5 0
1 3 0 .0 0

1 6 5 .0 0
1 6 5 .5 0

9 1 .0 0 - 1 6 9 .5 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------------

5 0 -2 0 5 . 00
0 0 -2 0 6 . 00

.

29
26

TYPISTS, CLASS A -------------------5 0 -1 5 7
0 0 -1 5 7

See footn otes at end o f ta b le s .




(

80

MEN AND WOMEN COMBINED

TYPISTS, CLASS B -------------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------

i

75

220

and
under

(standard)

BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------

t

70

3

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Waterloo, Iowa, November 1973
Weekly earnings *
(standard)
Number
of
workers

O ccupation and in d u s try d iv is io n

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly ea rn in gs of—
t

Average

t

(standard)

Mean ^

Median ^

Middle ranged

and
under
90

S

t
100

90

95

_

_
100

i
115

_

_

110

105

S
110

_

_

95

i
105

115

t
120
_

120

i
125
_

125

S
130

130

190

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

190

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

250

1
1

-

-

2

9

3

-

1

-

.

-

-

2

5

3

-

1

-

9
5

2

12

6
3

1
1

7
7

15

11

12

6
6

1

2

15

11

1

15

3

_

_

-

5
5

2

l

5
5

12

13

6
9

2

-

_

i
135

2

85

12

2

-

-

S

(

$

S

(

t

(

t

t

_
135

MEN AND WOMEN C0 M0INED
18
15

5 0 .0
5 0 .0

$
$
1 5 5 .5 0 1 7 5 .0 0
1 6 6 .0 0 1 8 1 .0 0

$
$
1 1 5 .0 0 -1 8 6 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0 -1 9 2 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS 8 ----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------

66
63

9 0 .0
5 0 .0

1 9 6 .0 0
1 9 6 .5 0

2 0 0 .0 0
2 1 1 .5 0

1 6 6 .0 0 -2 2 7 .5 0
1 6 5 .0 0 -2 2 8 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------

55
53

5 0 .0
9 0 .0

1 7 0 .5 0
1 7 6 .0 0

1 6 7 .5 0
1 8 8 .0 0

1 5 3 .5 0 -2 0 1 .0 0
1 9 5 .0 0 -2 0 9 .0 0

op er ato rs, class c M A N U FA CT UR IN G -------------

computer

1

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

2
1

2
2

-

1
1

-

-

2

1
-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

1

-

-

-

1
-

1

1

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in Waterloo, Iowa, November 1973
Average

Average
Weekly
hours 1
[standard)

W eekly
earnings1
(standard)

---------------------------------------------------------------

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

32
25

3 9 .5
5 0 .0

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

55
35
20

5 0 .0
5 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 2 0 .0 0
1 2 6 .5 0
1 0 9 .5 0

37

1 2 5 .0 0

55
37

5 0 .0
5 0 .0

1 5 3 .5 0
1 5 2 .0 0

Number
of
workers

Weekly
standard)

M A N U FA CT UR IN G

-----------------------------------------

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

OFFICE OC CUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED
$
62

9 0 .0

1 6 9 .0 0

$

MANU FA CT UR IN G

-----------------------------------------

16
32

MANUFA CT UR IN G

-----------------------------------------

19

5 0 .0

MANU FA CT UR IN G

-----------------------------------------

30

5 0 .0

1 6 3 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL --------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------------------------------

67
56

9 0 .0
5 0 .0

1 5 7 .0 0
1 5 6 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

56
28
18

5 0 .0
5 0 .0
9 0 .0

1 5 3 .0 0
1 7 6 .0 0
1 1 7 .5 0

9 0 .0

9 8 .5 0
1 6 5 .5 0

1 7 3 .0 0

TYPISTS, CLASS B

See footn ote at end o f ta b le s .




Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Average

Sex, occu pation, and in d u stry d iv is io n

1 5 9 .0 0

o
o

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B

$
9 8 .0 0

4"

N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG

B ---------------

O

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS

---------------

18

O
4"

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A

Number
of
wo ike is

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S WO ME N— CONTINUED

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S - WOMEN
B O OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
j
b
" "

Sex, occu pation , and in d u stry d iv is io n

o

Number
of
woikers

O

Sex, occu p ation , and in d u s try d iv is io n

4

39

5 0 .0

1 2 9.50
1 3 0 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B -----------------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

65
62

9 0 .0
5 0 .0

1 9 7 .0 0
1 9 7 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -----------------MANU FA CT UR IN G ----------- ---------

52
53

9 0 .0
5 0 .0

172 .5 0
1 7 6 .0 0

-----------------------------------------

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance and powerplant workers in Waterloo, Iowa, November 1973
Hourly earnings ^

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs of—

Mean 2

Median2

i

A . 00

4 .1 0 4 .2 0

4 .0 0

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv is io n

*
3 .9 0

Number
of

*

I

4 .1 0

4 .2 0

4 .3 0

-

-

-

*

i

5

i

I

i

i

*

*

i

i

i

i

t

4 .3 0

4 .4 0

4 .5 0

4 .6 0

4 .7 0

4 .8 0

4 .9 0

5 .0 0

5 .1 0

5 .2 0

5 .3 0

5 .4 0

5 .5 0

5 .6 0

5 .7 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6 .4 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6 .4 0

over

Middle range 2

4 .4 0

4 .5 0

4 .6 0

4 .7 0

4 .8 0

4 .9 0

5 .0 0

5 .1 0

5 .2 0

5 .3 0

5 .4 0

5 .5 0

5 .6 0

5 .7 0

MEN AND WOMEN COMB IN ED
$

$

52
51

$
5 .4 8

$

CARPENTERS. MA INTENANCE
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------

5 .5 6

5 .4 9

5 .5 6

5 .3 4 5 .3 5 -

5 .8 4
5 .8 4

ENGINEERS, ST AT IO NA RY —

31

5 .6 9

5 .8 5

5 .6 7 -

6 .1 1

MECHANICS, AU TO MO TI VE
(MAINTENANCE) --------MANUFA CT UR IN G -------

57

5 .3 4
5 .3 7

5 .5 2

51

5 .5 2

4 .9 2 4 .9 7 -

5 .8 3
5 .8 4

MECHANICS, MA IN TE NA NC E
MANUFA CT UR IN G -------

304

5 .9 1

300

5 .9 3

6 .0 8
6 .0 9

5 .6 4 5 .6 7 -

6 .5 4
6 .5 4

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS --MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------

103
103

6 .0 6
6 .0 6

6 .8 1

4 .9 4 4 .9 4 -

6 .8 6
6 .8 6

*
**

A l l w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 6 .4 0 to $6 .6 0 .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is trib u te d as fo llo w s :

6 .8 1

2 at $ 6 .4 0 to $ 6 .6 0 ;

1
1

1

1

1

1
1

1

1
1

2

-

2

10
10

2
2

-

1

1
-

-

3
1

1
1

5
4

1
1

3
3

2
2

-

-

2
2

.

1

*

“

1

3

7

4

6

6

5

-

7

2

2

-

1

1

10

3

7

4

6

6

5

“

6

1

2

10

-

2
2

4

9
9

*

-

-

3
3

4

-

5
5

2
-

2

-

1 at $ 6 .6 0 to $ 6 .8 0 ; and 59 at $ 6 .8 0 to $ 7 .

5

4

"

“

-

1

*

1

5
5

19
19

-

_

-

-

-

2

9

10

-

-

3

-

10

1

1

1

10

2
2

6

1
1

3

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .




-

1

-

9
9

5
5

*

1
l

20
20

-

-

-

-

17

11

23

28

23

30
30

*117
117

17

11

2 3

28

23

-

-

-

2

1

-

“

1
1

-

-

2
2

-

2

1

**62
62

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of custodial and material movement workers in Waterloo, Iowa, November 1973
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s of—

Hourly earnings

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv is io n

t--------- 1----- 1------- 1-------- i------- 1------- i-------- 1------- *-------- i------- *

Number
of

1.60
2

Median2

Middle range 2

l.eo 2.00 2.20

2.40 2.60 2.80

3.00 3.20

i------- 1------- S
-------- 1-------- $------- *------- *-------- 1------- i-------- i------- 5------- T ----3.80 4.00 4. 2 0 4.40 4. 60 4. 80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00

3.40 3.60

and
under

and

1.80 2.00 2.20 2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4. 20 4. 40 4.60 4. 80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00 o v e r

HEN AN0 WOMEN COMBINED
75
75

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN
M A N U FA CT UR IN G —

$
4.52
4.52

$

$

4.87
4.87

4.72- 4.95
4.72- 4.95

3
3

$

11
11

2

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS --N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

211
33

4 .2 2
2 .7 2

4 .7 2
2 .5 3

3 .7 9 - 4 .7 7
2 . 1 3 - 3 .2 5

1
1

3
3

6
6

5
5

4
4

4
3

“

LABORERS, MATERIAL HA ND L I N G -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

502
498

4 .6 4
4 .6 5

4 .7 6
4 .7 6

4 .5 3 4 .6 1 -

4 .8 3
4 .8 4

-

-

.

_

8
8

.

-

-

ORDER FILLERS ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------;
------------

104
104

4 .9 0
4 .9 0

4 .9 8
4 .9 8

4 .9 2 4 .9 2 -

5 .1 4
5 .1 4

-

-

-

RE CEIVING CL ERKS ---------------------

40

4 .5 0

4 .9 1

3 .8 3 -

4 .9 6

-

SHIPPING CLERKS -----------------------------------------------------

25
24

5 .0 0
5 .0 4

5 .3 2
5 .3 3

4 .5 5 4 .5 8 -

87
61
26

4 .6 9
4 .7 0
4 .6 7

4 .8 5
4 .8 9
4 .6 5

3 .7 7 4 .2 5 3 .4 8 -

5.41
5 .1 9
6 .2 4

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) ----------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

44
25
19

4 . 77
4 .6 4
4 .9 4

5 .0 5
5 .4 1
4 .6 9

3 .6 8 3 .7 3 3 .4 8 -

5 .4 9
5 .4 6
6 .2 6

WA RE HO US EM EN -------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

185
19

4 .5 2
2 .8 7

4 .9 1
3 .2 5

3 .7 7 1 .7 8 -

5.12
3 .4 7

6
1

4
3

12
1

-

-

3
"

1
2
1
2

5 .3 7
5 .3 8

TRUCKD RI VE RS
------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

6

M AN U FA C TU R IN G

*

8

-

9

2

4

29
29

3
3

2
2

39
39
-

8
32
31

44
44

120

13

200
200

.

_

_

_

.

_

147
147

3
3

8
8

3
3

2
2

1
1

47
47

42
42

_

-

-

-

-

*

*

-

-

-

10
10

-

_

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

2
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

*

*

*

“

4
4

6
6

-

1

-

4

5

l

i

3

-

1

22

2

-

-

-

-

-

i
i

3

2
2

-

-

.

*

2
2

-

“

13
13

-

2

3
3

1
1

2
2

2
2

3

~

*

9
9
“

16
16

“

2
1

8

-

-

1
1

~

-

-

~

“

-

1
1

1
1

-

*

-

-

”

-

"

-

-

1
1

10

3

7
3

8
9
3

6

6
6

-

.

_

-

-

-

1
1

A l l w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 6.20 to $ 6.40.

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .




“

16
16

1
1

6

-

*

3

13

2

3

2

14

6

4
4

-

4
4

2
2

2
2

-

-

~

”

-

1

1

-

-

9
-

12

6

1
2

2

4

44

43

“

i

l

1

-

_

_

2

7
5

-

1

-

-

1

13
13
•
13
13
_

-

-

-

-

*9
9

“

-

-

-

*9
9

12




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant
custodial, and material movement workers, by sex,
in Waterloo, Iowa, November 1973
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Sex, occupation, and industry division
earnings3

MAINTE NA NC E AND POWERPLANT
OC CU PA TI ON S - MEN
CARPENTERS. MA IN TE NA NC E -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------

Number
of
workers

Average
(mean2 )
earnings3

CUSTODIAL AND MA TERIAL MOVEMENT
DC CUPAT IONS -M EN— CO NT IN UE D
52
51

$
5.48
5.49

ORDER
FILLERS ----------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

103
103

$
4.92
4.92

ENGINEERS, STATIO NA RY ----------

31

5.69

RECE IV IN G CLERKS ---------------------

39

4.52

MECHANICS, AU TO MO TI VE ---------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------

57
51

5.34
5.37

SHIPPING CL ER KS ---------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

25
24

5.00
5.04

MECHANICS, MAIN TE NA NC E -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

304
300

5.91
5.93

TRUCKDRIVERS
------------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

87
61
26

4.69
4. 70
4.67

TOOL AND 01E MAKERS ----------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

103
103

6.06
6.06

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS » ----------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

44
25
19

4. 77
4.64
4.94

GUARDS AND W A TC HM EN ----------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

75
75

4.52
4.52

WA RE HOUSEMEN -------------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

180
19

4.55
2.87

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS --N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

182
22

4.31
2.63

LABORERS, MATERIAL HAND LI NG -------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

502
498

4.6*
4.65

29

3.69

CUST OO IA L AND MATE RI AL MOVEMENT
OCCU PA TI CN S- ME N

CUST OD IA L ANC MATE RI AL MOVEMENT
OCCU PA TI CN S- WC ME N
JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ---

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .

7




Table A-7. Indexes of earnings for selected occupational groups
in Waterloo, Iowa, November 1972 and November 1973,
and percents of increase for selected periods
W e e k ly ea rn in gs
O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m en and
w o m en )

P e r io d

H o u rly ea rn in gs

In d u s tria l
n u rses
(m en and
w om en )

S k ille d
m aintenance
tra d e s
(m e n )

U n sk illed
plant
w ork ers
(m e n )

In d exes (N o v e m b e r 1967=100)
N o v e m b e r 1972_____________________________________________
N o v e m b e r 1973___ ___ —__________________ _____ - __________

*
♦

N o v e m b e r 1960 to N o v e m b e r 1961---------------------------N o v e m b e r 1961 to N o v e m b e r 1962------------- -----------N o v e m b e r 1962 to N o v e m b e r 1963— __________________
N o v e m b e r 1963 to N o v e m b e r 1964 __ ________ _____
N o v e m b e r 1964 to N o v e m b e r 1965_________ ____________
N o v e m b e r 1965 to N o v e m b e r 1966-------- ------ -------N o v e m b e r 1966 to N o v e m b e r 1967___
________________
N o v e m b e r 1967 to N o v e m b e r 1968---------------------------N o v e m b e r 1968 to Jan u ary 1970:
14-m onth i n c r e a s e ________ — _____ ____
Annual ra te o f in c r e a s e ___________________ _
- __

4.4
.8
4.3
3.5
4.2
2.2
5.0
7.2

*
*
*
*
*
★
*
*

5.0
2.9
5.2
1.8
3.5
5.1
8.4
6.8

6.0
4.0
4.4
1.4
3.5
3.2
8.5
7.9

6.2
5.3

*
*

5.5
4.7

8.3
7.1

Janu ary 1970 to N o v e m b e r 1970:
10-m onth in c r e a s e --------------------------- ------ ------A nnual ra te o f in c r e a s e — ____ —
---- ------------

3.6
4.3

*
★

2.7
3.2

2.0
2.4

N o v e m b e r 1970 to N o v e m b e r 1971------------— -----------N o v e m b e r 1971 to N o v e m b e r 1972---------------------- —
— —
N o v e m b e r 1972 to N o v e m b e r 1973---------------

10.0
*
*

*
*
♦

10.4
5.1
9.8

12.4
5.2
12.7

*
*

134.2
147.4

141.0
158.9

P e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e

*

Data do not m e e t p u blication c r it e r ia .

NO TE:
T h is m e a s u re o f w age changes w i l l be d iscon tin u ed
begin n in g Ju ly 1974. It w ill be r e p la c e d by the m e a s u re p re s e n te d
in ta b le A - 8.

8




Table A-8. Percents of increase in average hourly earnings for
selected occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts,
in Waterloo, Iowa, November 1972 to November 1973
A ll
in d u stries

O ccu pation al grou p

O ffic e c le r ic a l (m en and w o m e n )_______________________
In d u s tria l n u rses (m en and w o m en )____________________
S k illed m ain ten an ce tra d e s (m e n )______________________
U n s k ille d p la n tw o rk e rs (m e n )__________________________

*

8.3
*
9.4
8.3

M anufac tu rin g

*
*
9.6
*

Data do not m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r ia .

N O T E : T a b le A - 8 p r o v id e s p e rc e n ts o f change in a v e r a g e h o u rly ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d
occu p a tion a l g rou p s, a dju sted to exclu d e the e ffe c t o f em p lo ym en t s h ifts .
T h e new m ethod
fo r com pu tin g w age tren d s is based on changes in a v e r a g e h o u rly ea rn in gs fo r esta b lish m en ts
r e p o rtin g the in dex job s in both the c u rre n t and p re v io u s y e a r (m a tch ed e s ta b lis h m e n ts ),
h oldin g e s ta b lish m en t em p lo y m en t in the jo b s constant.
T h e n ew w age tren d s a r e not lin k ed to the c u rre n t in d exes becau se the n ew w a ge tren ds
m e a s u re changes in m atch ed e sta b lish m en t a v e r a g e s w h erea s the c u rre n t in d exes m e a s u re
changes in a r e a a v e r a g e s .
O ther c h a r a c te r is tic s o f the new w age tren d s w hich d iffe r fr o m
the c u rre n t ones include (1 ) earn in gs data o f o ffic e c le r ic a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tria l n u rses
a r e c o n v e rte d to an h o u rly b a s is , and (2 ) tre n d e s tim a te s a r e p ro v id e d fo r nonm anufacturing
es ta b lis h m e n ts .
(In W a te r lo o , data fo r nonm anufacturing esta b lish m en ts do not m e e t p u b lic a ­
tion c r it e r ia . )
F o r a m o r e d e ta ile d d e s c rip tio n o f the new m ethod used to com pu te a r e a w a ge s u rv e y
in d e x e s , se e "Im p r o v in g A r e a W a ge S u rv e y In d e x e s , 1 M on th ly L a b o r R e v ie w , January 1973,
1
pp. 52-57.

9

B. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions
Table B-1. Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks in Waterloo, Iowa, November 1973
In e x p e rie n c e d typ ists
M anufacturing
M in im u m w e e k ly s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r y 4

B ased on standard w e e k ly h o u rs 6 o f—

A ll
in d u stries

A ll
schedules

E s ta b lish m en ts stu d ie d -----------------------------------------------

O th er in e x p e rie n c e d c le r ic a l w o r k e r s 5
Nonm anufacturing

A ll
schedules

40

M anufacturing
A ll
in d u stries

Nonm anufacturing

B ased on standard w e e k ly h o u rs 6 o f—
A ll
schedules

40

40

A ll
schedules

40

49

23

XXX

26

XXX

49

23

XXX

26

XXX

10

6

6

4

3

21

12

12

9

7

1
1
3
1
2
1

1
1

1
i
3
1
2

2

i

i

6
1
1
1
3

4
i
i
1
2

4
1
1
1
2

2

2

1

1

1

$ 75.00 and under $ 77.50 ___ _____________ _____________

1

1

1

i

____
4
1

3
1

1

2

1

i

3
1

i

3

2

10

7

3

17

10

7

29

10

19

11

1

10

E sta b lis h m e n ts w h ich did not em p lo y w o r k e r s

See footn otes at end o f ta b le s .




10

2




Table B-2. Late-shift pay provisions for manufacturing plant workers
in Waterloo, Iowa, November 1973
( A l l p lan t w o r k e r s in m an u factu rin g ■ 100 p e rc e n t)
P e r c e n t o f m an u factu rin g plan t w o r k e r s —
In esta b lish m en ts having p r o v is io n s 7
fo r la te sh ifts

L a te - s h ift pay p ro v is io n

Second sh ift

98.7

T o t a l ___________________________________________

No pay d iffe r e n tia l fo r w o rk on la te s h ift____

-

T h ir d o r oth er
sh ift

95.6

-

1.8

A c tu a lly w o rk in g on la te sh ifts

Second sh ift

23 .5
-

T h ir d o r oth er
sh ift

5. 4
_

98.7

93.8

23.5

5.4

_

98.7

93.8

23.5

5.4

c e n ts __________________________________
c e n t s ________________________________ __
cen ts __________________________________
c e n t s _________________________ ___
cen ts __________________________________
c e n t s ___________________________________
1 9 cen ts ___________________________________
20 c e n ts -------------------------------------------2 4 V2 cents
_ _____ ___________________
25 c e n t s __________________________________
35 cen ts __________________________________

10.3
11.1
.3
15.6
3.9
.7
1.1
55 .7
-

1.3

_

-

1.8
3.5

-

-

.8
.2
1. 1
-

P a y d iffe r e n tia l fo r w o rk on la te s h ift __________
T y p e and amount o f d iffe r e n tia l:
U n ifo rm cen ts (p e r h o u r )____

_____

10
12
13
14
15
18

__

15.6
6.8
8.6
.3
2.4
3.2
55 .7

See footnote at end of tables.

1
1

4.5
.8
.1
12.7
-

-

.2
3.2

Table B-3. Scheduled weekly hours and days of first-shift workers in Waterloo, Iowa, November 1973
P e r c e n t o f o ffic e w o r k e r s

P e r c e n t o f plan t w o r k e r s
W e e k ly hou rs and days
A l l in d u stries

A l l w o r k e r * _____________________________________

100

2
1
1
1
13
80
2
1
1
1
(’ )

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A l l in d u stries

100

100

100

100

2
1
1
_
_

_

_
_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

100

100
_
_

_
1
16
83

94
6
6
_
_
_

-

_
(’ )
1

See footn ote at end o f ta b le s .




12

96
1
_
1
(’ )

M an u factu rin g

-

_
_
_
_

P u b lic u tilitie s

100

-

.
_

Table B-4. Annual paid holidays in Waterloo, Iowa, November 1973
P e r c e n t o f plant w o r k e r s

P e r c e n t o f o ffic e w o r k e r s

Ite m
A ll in d u stries

A l l w o r k e r s ___________________________________

W o rk e rs in esta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid h o lid a y s __ ________________ _ ____ __ __
W o rk e rs in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no paid h o lid a ys
__
__ __ —

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A l l in d u stries

M anu factu ring

P u b lic u tilitie s

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

-

-

■

-

-

(’ )
1
6
9
1
(’ )
5
19
9
5
45

1
1
1
23
11
7
56

.
8
6
25
62
-

(’ )
11
10
2
5
9
18
7
7
30

2
5

56
62
73
96
97
97
99
100
100
100

62
87
92
100
100
100

N u m b er o f days 1
0
1 h o lid a ys plus 1 h a lf d a y _______ ________ ___
5 h o lid a y s __ ________________________ _____ _____
6 h o lid a y s ________________________________________ _
7 h o lid a ys .. ________________ _____________ ___ _______
7 h o lid a ys plus 2 h a lf days
8 h o lid a y s ___________________________
- _____ —
9 h o lid a y s _______ _________________________________ _
-----------------------------------10 h olid a ys
_
1 1 h olid ays
12 h o lid a y s _________________________________________
13 h o lid a y s _________________________________________

4
26
10
10
43

.
18
28
14
40
"

T o ta l h o lid a y tim e 1
1
13 d a y s --------------------------------------- ----------------12 days o r m o r e ____________________ ______________
11 days o r m o r e _____________________ -____________
10 days o r m o r e __________________________________
9 days o r m o r e ____________________________________
8 days o r m o r e ------------------- ----- — ----------7 days o r m o r e ______________________ _________ 6 days o r m o r e ---------------------------------------------5 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________
1lh days o r m o r e ______—___ —------ ---- ---------------

45
51
60
78
83
84
93
99
99
100

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .




13

30
37
45
63
72
79
89
99
99
100

43
53
63
89
94
94
98
100
100
100

.
40
54
92
100
100
100

Table B-4a. Identification of major paid holidays in Waterloo, Iowa, November 1973
P e r c e n t o f plan t w o r k e r s

P e r c e n t o f o ffic e w o r k e r s

H o lid a y 1
0
A l l in d u stries

A ll w ork ers

N ew Y e a r 's Day_____________________________________
M a r tin L u th er K in g 's B irth d a y. ____
W a s h in gto n 's B irth d a y _____________________________
G ood F rid a y ._________________________________________
M e m o r ia l Day_______________________________________
F o u rth o f J u lv .............................
L a b o r D av
............. .
C olum bus Day _
V e te ra n s D ay________________________________________
T h a n k s g iv in g D a y ___________________________________
D ay a ft e r T h a n k sgivin g ____________________ . . _
C h ris tm a s E v e
C h ris tm a s E v e f h a lf day
C h ris tm a s Day______________________________________
A l l w o rk in g days b etw een C h ris tm a s Day
and N ew Y e a r 's E v e 12
N ew Y e a r 's E v e _ ____ _
N ew Y e a r 's E v e , h a lf day
. .
F lo a tin g h o lid a y , 1 d a y 1 ......... ........... .
3
F lo a tin g h o lid a y , 3 days 13
_
_
E m p lo y e e 's b irth d a y

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
13
20
73
99
99
99

100
16
21
87
100
100
100
5

100
62
62
100
100
100
87
100

99
13
27
61
99
99
99
3
16
99
51
54
2
100

100
19
25
81
100
100
100

100
40
40
100
100
100
54
100
14
100

35
47

50
67
21
3
4

4

7
99
65
67
1
100
49
62
1
18
3
9

4

100
80
82
100

25
100
“
25
“
6

61
76
18

2
5

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .




A l l in d u stries

14

2
18
4
7

4

6
100
72
76
100

14
28

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions in Waterloo, Iowa, November 1973
P e r c e n t o f plant w o r k e r s

P e r c e n t o f o ffic e w o rk e rs

V a c a tio n p o lic y
A ll in d u stries

A ll w ork ers

M anu factu ring

P u b lic u tilitie s

A l l in d u stries

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
33
67

100
21
79

100
100
-

100
98
2

100
99
1

100
100

*

“

■

~

"

47
4
1

58
1
"

38
“

2
49
2

2
53
”

22
”

89
2
9

96
2
2

62
38

44
56

43

78

57

22

78
1
19
2

93
5
2

6

13
1
86
*

14
86
“

28
72

46
50
3
1

56
40
4
1

100
-

1
65
2
32

51
3
46

100
“

46
50
3
1

56
40
4
1

.
100
■

1
65
2
32

51
3
46

100
“

95
1
2
2

95
1
2
2

94
6
“

64
1
36

50
1
50
“

92
“
8
“

5
45
47
3
*

3
56
37

100

15
53
2
30

7
“
47
3
43

100

M anu factu ring

P u b lic u tilitie s

M eth od o f p aym en t
W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid va c a tio n s ___________ ________________________
L e n g t h - o f- t im e paym en t
P e rc e n ta g e p aym en t____________________________
W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no paid v a ca tio n s

_

A m ou n t o f v a c a tio n p a y 1
4
A f t e r 6 m onths o f s e r v ic e
U n der 1 w eek _____________________________ __
1 w eek ________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u nder 2 w e e k s _________________________
A f t e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s _________________________
2 w ee k s
__ .
.
_____
A f t e r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ______________
_____________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s ______________________ _
2 w eek s
____________________________________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w eek s

94

A ft e r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s ______
.
_______ _
2 w eek s
_ ___________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s _ _
3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------A ft e r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s ______ _________________
2 w e e k s ___________ ____ _ _________ ____________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w eeks_
_
_
A f t e r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
2 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w eek s _______________________
3 w eek s
O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s _________________________

_

A ft e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
2 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s _________________________
4 w e e k s ___________________________________ _________

4

_

“

S ee footn otes at end o f ta b les.




15

-

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions in Waterloo, Iowa, November 1973— Continued
P e r c e n t o f plant w o r k e r s

P e r c e n t o f o ffic e w o r k e r s

V a ca tio n p o lic y
A l l in d u stries

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A l l in d u stries

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A m ount o f v a c a tio n p a y 14— Continued

A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
2 w e e k s _________________________ __ _ ___________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w eek s
O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s _________________ __ _
4 w eek s
_____

-

2
45
49
3
(’ )

(’ )
56
40
4
*

88
6
6

2
78
1
18
2

(’ )
78
1
19
2

2
3
80
14
2

81
16
2

i

_

10
57
3
30

-

-

53
3
43

92
8
-

87
14
*

2
44
1
53
*

1
26
1
72
-

82
18
-

99
1

2
13
67
17

1

_

2
75
22

28
61
11

-

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
2 w eek s
3 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s ___
4 w eek s __ _ ____
5 w eek s

-

_

A ft e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
2 w e e k s _____________________________________________
3 w e e k s ________________________________________
4 w e e k s ________________________________________ ___
5 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 6 w e e k s __________________________________

(’ )

1

'

A ft e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
2 w eek s
___
_ _ ___
3 w e e k s ______________________________________________
4 w e e k s ______________________________________________
5 w eek s
_______ _____ _ _ _
6 w eek s
__ _
___
O v e r 6 w eek s

-

2
3
68
13
13
2

72
9
16
2

12
88

2
3
68
13
13
2

(’ )
1
72
9
16
2

_

(’ )

1

-

-

-

2
13
24
47
13
*

1
2
25
53
19
*

2
13
24
46
14

2
25
53
20

_

28
8
64
-

*

M a x im u m va c a tio n a v a ila b le *
2 w eek s

_
_

_____

4 w ee k s
____ ___________
___
5 w eeks_
_
_ ... _ _
6 w eek s
O v e r 6 w e e k s _______________________________________

*

12
88
-

E s tim a te s o f p r o v is io n s fo r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e a r e id e n tic a l.

See footn otes at end o f ta b le s .




16

1

_
28
8
64
.

Table B-6. Health, insurance, and pension plan provisions in Waterloo, Iowa, November 1973
P e r c e n t o f plant w o r k e r s
T y p e o f b e n e fit and
fin an cin g 1
5

A l l in d u stries

P e r c e n t o f o ffic e w o r k e r s

M anu factu ring

P u b lic u tilitie s

A l l in d u stries

100

W o rk e rs in esta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g at
le a s t 1 o f the b e n e fits shown b e lo w ___________

100

100

100

M anu factu ring

P u b lic u tilitie s

100

100

100

100

100

160

100

100

L if e in s u r a n c e ------------------------------------------Non c o n trib u to ry p la n s ----------- ---------- —
—
A c c id e n ta l death and d is m e m b e rm e n t
in s u r a n c e ______________________________________
N o n c o n trib u to ry p la n s ____ —______ __ ______
Sickn ess and a ccid en t in su ran ce o r
sick le a v e o r both 1 - _______
6
— ----

99
86

99
95

99
92

97
83

100
90

89
82

92
80

95
92

99
92

88
76

92
84

89
82

98

100

75

94

98

89

S ick n ess and a ccid en t in s u r a n c e _______
N o n c o n trib u to ry p la n s _____
. —
Sick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w a itin g p e r io d ) - __
__ ____ __ ___
Sick le a v e (p a r tia l pay o r
w a itin g p e r i o d ) ____ -______________________

77
65

83
77

30
30

57
46

73
62

14
14

5

2

31

60

65

67

18

16

38

21

21

22

L o n g - t e r m d is a b ility in s u r a n c e -------------- —
N o n c o n trib u to ry p la n s .____________________
H o s p ita liz a tio n in s u r a n c e ____________________
N o n c o n trib u to ry p la n s .-------------------------S u rg ic a l in s u r a n c e -------------- ------------------N o n c o n trib u to ry p la n s ... ------ ---------M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e _____________________________
N on con trib u tory p la n s __
___ _________
M a ;o r m e d ic a l in s u ra n c e _____________________
N o n c o n trib u to ry p la n s --------------------------D en tal in s u r a n c e _____ __ ____
_______
N o n co n trib u to ry p la n s .. --- ------------R e tir e m e n t p e n s io n ___________________________
N o n co n trib u to ry plans —
— ----------

54
51
98
81
98
81
97
81
98
81

60
60
100
94
100
94
100
94
100
94

69
62
100
68
100
68
100
68
100
68
75
50

55
46
99
71
99
71
98
71
99
70

61
54
100
84
100
84
100
84
99
84
96
83

43
36
100
63
100
63
100
63
100
63

2

1
93
84

(’ )
(’ )
98
98

See footn otes at end o f ta b le s .




17

2

89
67

71
57

Footnotes
A ll of these standard footnotes may not apply to this bulletin.

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek fo r which employees receive their regu lar straight-tim e salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime
at regu lar and/or prem ium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all w ork ers and dividing by the num ber of w ork ers. The median
designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive m ore and half receive le ss than the rate shown. The middle range is defined
by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the w ork ers earn less than the low er of these rates and a fourth earn m ore than the higher rate.
3 Excludes prem ium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
4 These salaries relate to form ally established minimum starting (hiring) regu lar straight-tim e salaries that are paid for standard
workweeks.
5 Excludes w orkers in subclerical jobs such as m essenger.
6 Data are presented for a ll standard workweeks combined, and for the most common standard workweeks reported.
7 Includes a ll plant w ork ers in establishments currently operating late shifts, and establishments whose form al provisions cover late
shifts, even though the establishments w ere not currently operating late shifts.
8 L e s s than 0.05 percent.
9 L e ss than 0.5 percent.
1 F o r purposes of this study, pay for a Sunday in Decem ber, negotiated in the automobile industry, is not treated as a paid holiday.
0
1 A ll combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example, the proportion of w orkers receiving
1
a total of 9 days includes those with 9 full days and no half days, 8 full days and 2 half days, 7 full days and 4 half days, and so on.
Proportions then w ere cumulated.
1 These days are provided as part of a Christm as—New Y e a r holiday period which typically begins with Christm as Eve and ends with
2
New Y e a r 's Day. Such a holiday period is common in the automobile, aerospace, and farm implement industries.
1 "F lo atin g" holidays vary from y e a r to year according to em ployer or employee choice.
3
1 Includes payments other than "length of t im e ," such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-su m payments, converted to an
4
equivalent time b asis; for exam ple, 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 w eek's pay. Periods of service are chosen a rb itrarily
and do not n ecessarily reflect individual provisions for progression; for example, changes in proportions at 10 y ears include changes between
5 and 10 y ears. Estim ates are cumulative. Thus, the proportion eligible for at least 3 w eeks' pay after 10 y ears includes those eligible for
at least 3 w eeks' pay after few er y ears of service.
1 Estim ates listed after type of benefit are for a ll plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the em ployer. "Noncontributory
5
plans" include only those financed entirely by the em ployer. Excluded are legally required plans, such as w orkm en's compensation, social
security, and railro a d retirement.
1 Unduplicated total of w ork ers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below. Sick leave plans are
8
lim ited to those which definitely establish at least the minimum number of days' pay that each employee can expect. Inform al sick leave
allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.




18

Appendix A
A r e a w a ge and re la te d b e n e fits data a r e ob tain ed b y p e rs o n a l v is it s o f B u reau fie ld
r e p r e s e n ta tiv e s at 3 - y e a r in te r v a ls . * In each o f the in te rv e n in g y e a r s , in fo rm a tio n on em p lo ym en t
1
and occu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s is c o lle c te d by a com b in ation o f p e r s o n a l v is it and m a il q u estio n n a ire
fr o m esta b lis h m e n ts p a rtic ip a tin g in the p re v io u s s u rv e y .
In ea ch o f the 9 4 23 a re a s c u r r e n tly s u rv e y e d , data a r e obtained fr p m r e p r e s e n ta tiv e
4
esta b lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b ro a d in d u stry d iv is io n s : M a n u fa ctu rin g; tra n s p o rta tio n , com m u n ication ,
and o th e r pu b lic u tilit ie s ; w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e t a il t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in su ra n ce, and r e a l e s ta te ; and
s e r v ic e s . M a jo r in d u stry grou p s exclu d ed fr o m th e s e stu dies a r e g o vern m en t op era tio n s and the
co n stru ctio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s trie s . E sta b lish m en ts h a vin g fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d n u m ber of
w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d b eca u se o f in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the occu pation s stu died. S ep arate
tab u lation s a r e p r o v id e d fo r each o f the b ro a d in d u stry d iv is io n s which m e e t p u b lication c r it e r ia .
T h e s e s u rv e y s a r e conducted on a sa m p le b a s is .
T h e sam plin g p ro c e d u re s in v o lv e
d e ta ile d s tr a tific a tio n o f a ll e sta b lish m en ts w ith in the scope o f an in d ivid u a l a r e a s u rv e y by
in d u stry and n u m b er o f e m p lo y e e s . F r o m th is s t r a t ifie d u n iv e rs e a p ro b a b ility sam p le is s e le c te d ,
w ith each esta b lis h m e n t h avin g a p re d e te rm in e d chance o f s e le c tio n . T o obtain optim u m a c c u ra c y
at m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r p ro p o rtio n o f la r g e than s m a ll e sta b lish m en ts is s e le c te d .
When
data a r e co m b in ed , each es ta b lis h m e n t is w e ig h te d a c c o rd in g to its p r o b a b ility o f s e le c tio n , so
that u n biased e s tim a te s a r e g e n e ra te d . F o r e x a m p le , i f one out o f fo u r e sta b lish m en ts is s e le c te d ,
it is g iv e n a w eig h t o f fo u r to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f plus th r e e o th ers.
A n a lte rn a te o f the sam e
o r ig in a l p ro b a b ility is ch osen in the sam e in d u s tr y -s iz e c la s s ific a tio n i f data a re not a v a ila b le
fo r the o r ig in a l sa m p le m e m b e r .
I f no su ita b le substitute is a v a ila b le , ad d itio n a l w eig h t is
a s s ig n e d to a sa m p le m e m b e r that is s im ila r to the m is s in g unit.
O ccu pations and E arn in gs
O ccupations s e le c te d f o r study a r e co m m o n to a v a r ie t y o f m an u factu rin g and n on ­
m an u factu rin g in d u s trie s , and a re o f the fo llo w in g ty p e s : (1 ) O ffic e c le r ic a l; (2 ) p r o fe s s io n a l and
te c h n ic a l; (3 ) m ain ten an ce and p o w erp la n t; and (4 ) cu sto d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t. O ccu pation al
c la s s ific a tio n is b a sed on a u n ifo rm set o f jo b d e s c rip tio n s d esign ed to take account o f in t e r ­
e sta b lish m en t v a r ia tio n in du ties w ithin the sam e jo b . O ccu pation s s e le c te d fo r study a r e lis te d
and d e s c r ib e d in appendix B . U n le s s o th e rw is e in d ic a te d , the ea rn in gs data fo llo w in g the jo b
t it le s a r e f o r a ll in d u s trie s co m b in ed .
E a rn in g s data fo r so m e of the occu pation s lis t e d and
d e s c r ib e d , o r fo r som e in d u stry d iv is io n s w ith in occu p a tion s, a r e not p re s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s
ta b le s , b eca u se e ith e r (1 ) em p lo y m en t in the occu pation is to o s m a ll to p ro v id e enough data to
m e r it p re s e n ta tio n , o r (2 ) th e r e is p o s s ib ility o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d ivid u al e sta b lish m en t data.
E a rn in gs data not shown s e p a ra te ly fo r in d u stry d iv is io n s a r e in clu d ed in a ll in d u s trie s com bin ed
data, w h e re shown.
L ik e w is e , data a r e in clu d ed in the o v e r a ll c la s s ific a tio n when a subc la s s ific a tio n o f e le c tr o n ic s te c h n ic ia n s , s e c r e t a r ie s , o r t r u c k d r iv e r s is not shown o r in fo rm a tio n
to s u b c la s s ify is not a v a ila b le .

A v e r a g e p ay le v e ls fo r m en and w om en in s e le c te d occu pation s should not be assu m ed
to r e f le c t d iffe r e n c e s in pay o f the s e x es w ith in in d ivid u a l e s ta b lish m en ts.
F a c to r s which m ay
co n trib u te to d iffe r e n c e s in clu de p r o g r e s s io n w ith in esta b lis h e d ra te ra n g es, sin ce on ly the ra te s
paid incum bents a r e c o lle c te d , and p e r fo r m a n c e o f s p e c ific d u ties w ith in the g e n e ra l su rvey jo b
d e s c r ip tio n s .
Job d e s c rip tio n s used to c la s s ify e m p lo y e e s in th ese s u rv e y s u su ally a r e m o re
g e n e r a liz e d than th ose used in in d ivid u a l e sta b lis h m en ts and a llo w fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong
e sta b lish m en ts in s p e c ific d u ties p e r fo r m e d .
O ccu p ation al e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a ll esta b lish m en ts w ith in the
scop e o f the study and not the num ber a q tu a lly su rv e y e d .
B ecau se o ccu p ation al s tru ctu res am ong
e sta b lish m en ts d iffe r , e s tim a te s o f o ccu p ation al em p lo y m en t obtained fr o m the sam ple o f
esta b lis h m e n ts studied s e r v e on ly to in d ica te the r e la t iv e im p o rta n ce o f the jo b s studied.
T h ese
d iffe r e n c e s in occu p a tion a l stru ctu re do not a ffe c t m a t e r ia lly the a c c u ra c y o f the earn in gs data.
W age tren d s fo r

In d exes in ta b le A - 7 m e a s u re w a g es at a g iv e n tim e , e x p re s s e d as a p e rc e n t o f w a ges
d u rin g the b ase p e rio d .
S u btractin g 100 fr o m the in d ex y ie ld s the p e r c e n t change in w ages fr o m
the b ase p e r io d to the date o f the in dex.
The p e rc e n ts o f change o r in c r e a s e in ta b les A - 7
and A -8 r e la t e to w a ge changes b etw een the in d ica ted d a tes.
A nnual r a te s o f in c r e a s e , w h ere
shown, r e f le c t the am ount o f in c r e a s e fo r 12 m onths when the tim e span b etw een s u rveys w as
oth er than 12 m onths.
T h e s e com pu tation s a r e based on the a ssu m p tion that w a g es in c re a s e d at
a constant r a te b etw een su rv e y s .
P e r c e n ts o f change r e p o r te d in ta b les A - 7 and A - 8 r e f le c t tw o d iffe r e n t m e a s u re s o f
w a ge m o vem en t.
T a b le A - 7 p r o v id e s p e rc e n ts o f change in a v e r a g e w e e k ly ea rn in gs o f o ffic e
c le r ic a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tria l n u rses and a v e r a g e h o u rly ea rn in gs o f s k ille d m aintenance and
u n sk illed plan t w o r k e r s in the a re a .
T a b le A - 8 p r o v id e s p e rc e n ts o f change in a v e r a g e h ou rly
e a rn in g s fo r the sam e occu p a tion a l grou p s, a d ju sted to exclu d e the e ffe c t o f em p loym en t sh ifts.
T h e m ethod used to com pute w age tren d s in ta b le A - 8 is based on changes in a v e r a g e h ou rly
ea rn in gs fo r e sta b lish m en ts re p o r tin g in d ex jo b s in both the c u rre n t and p re v io u s y e a r (m atch ed
es ta b lis h m e n ts ); esta b lis h m e n t em p lo y m en t in the jo b s w as held constant.
Data fo r the m atched
e sta b lish m en ts a r e w eig h ted to r e p r e s e n t a ll e sta b lish m en ts re p o rtin g the jo b in the p re v io u s y e a r.
M ethod




com pu ting

w a ge

tre n d s .

O ccu pations

used

to

com pute

w age

tren ds

are:

In d u stria l n u rses (m en and w o m e n ):

B o o k k eep in g -m a ch in e o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B
C le rk s , accou nting, c la s s e s A and B
C le rk s , file , c la s s e s A , B, and C
C le rk s , o r d e r
C le rk s , p a y r o ll
K eypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s e s A and B
M e s s e n g e r s (o ffic e boys and g ir ls )
S e c r e ta r ie s
S ten o g ra p h ers, g e n e r a l
S ten o g ra p h ers, s en io r
S w itch b oard o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s e s A and B
T a b u la tin g -m a ch in e o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B
T y p is ts , c la s s e s A and B

T h e s e s u rv e y s m e a s u re the l e v e l o f occu p a tion a l e a rn in g s in an a r e a at a p a rtic u la r tim e .
C o m p a ris o n s o f in d iv id u a l o ccu p ation al a v e r a g e s o v e r tim e m a y not r e fle c t ex p e c te d w a g e changes.
T h e a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s a r e a ffe c te d by changes in w a ges and em p lo ym en t p a ttern s. F o r
e x a m p le , p ro p o rtio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by h ig h - o r lo w -w a g e fir m s m a y ch an ge, o r h ig h -w a g e
w o r k e r s m a y a d van ce to b e tte r jo b s and be r e p la c e d b y new w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a te s . Such
s h ifts in em p lo ym en t cou ld d e c r e a s e an occu p a tion a l a v e r a g e e ven though m o st e sta b lish m en ts in
an a r e a in c r e a s e w a g es d u rin g the y e a r .
T r e n d s in e a rn in g s o f occu p ation al gro u p s , shown in
ta b le s A - 7 and A - 8 , a r e b e tte r in d ic a to rs of w a ge tre n d s than in d ivid u a l jo b s w ithin the g rou p s.

1 Personal visits were on a 2-year cycle before July 1972.
2 Included in the 94 areas are 8 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are Austin, T e x .; Binghamton, N .Y . —
P a .; Durham, N. C . ; Fort Lauderdale—Hollywood and West Palm Beach, F la .; Huntsville, A l a . ; Lexington, K y .; Melbourne—Titusville—Cocoa,
F la .; and Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N .Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies in approximately 70 areas
at the request o f the Employment Standards Administration o f the U. S. Department o f Labor.

of

O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n ):

O ccu p ation al em p lo y m en t and ea rn in gs data a r e shown fo r fu ll- t im e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th ose
h ir e d to w o rk a r e g u la r w e e k ly schedu le. E a rn in g s data ex clu d e p re m iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and
fo r w o rk on w e ek en d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts . N on p rod u ction bonuses a re ex clu d ed , but c o s to f- liv in g a llo w a n c e s and in c e n tiv e bonuses a r e in clu d ed .
W e e k ly h ou rs fo r o ffic e c le r ic a l and
p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l occu pation s r e f e r to the stan dard w o rk w e e k (rounded to the n e a re s t
h a lf h o u r) fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e r e g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r
o v e r tim e at r e g u la r and/or p re m iu m r a te s ). A v e r a g e w e e k ly ea rn in gs fo r th e s e occu pation s a r e
rounded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r.

A v e r a g e ea rn in gs r e fle c t c o m p o s ite , a re a w id e e s tim a te s . In d u stries and e sta b lish m en ts
d iffe r in pay l e v e l and jo b s ta ffin g , and thus co n trib u te d iffe r e n tly to the e s tim a te s f o r each jo b .
P a y a v e r a g e s m a y f a il to r e fle c t a c c u r a te ly the w a g e d iffe r e n tia l am ong jo b s in in d ivid u a l
e s ta b lish m en ts.

s e le c te d o ccu p ation al grou ps

N u rs e s , in d u s tria l (r e g is t e r e d )
S k illed m ain ten an ce (m e n ):
C a rp en ters
E le c tr ic ia n s
M ach in ists
M ech an ics
M ech a n ics (a u to m o tive)
P a in te rs
P ip e fit t e r s
T o o l and d ie m a k e rs
U n sk illed plant (m e n ):
J a n ito rs , p o r te r s , and c le a n e rs
L a b o r e r s , m a te r ia l handling

In d exes fo r in d ivid u a l a r e a s in the p r o g r a m a r e com puted as fo llo w s :
1. E ach occu p ation is a s s ig n e d a w e ig h t based on its p ro p o rtio n a te em p loym en t in the
s e le c te d grou p o f occu p ation s in the base y e a r .
2. T h e s e w eig h ts a r e used to com pute grou p a v e r a g e s .
Each occu p a tion 's a v e ra g e
(m ea n ) ea rn in gs is m u ltip lie d by its w eigh t.
The prod u cts a r e to ta led to obtain a grou p a v e r a g e .
3. T h e r a tio o f group a v e r a g e s fo r 2 c o n secu tive y e a r s is com puted by divid in g the
a v e r a g e fo r the c u rre n t y e a r by the a v e r a g e fo r the e a r lie r y e a r .
The re s u lts — e x p re s s e d as a
p e rc e n t— le s s 100 is the p e rc e n t change.
4. Th e c u rre n t y e a r 's in dex is obtained b y m u ltip ly in g the p re v io u s y e a r 's index by the
r a tio o f the c u rre n t y e a r 's group a v e r a g e to the p re v io u s y e a r 's grou p a v e r a g e .

19

L im ita tio n s o f data. In d ex es and p e rc e n ts o f change in a r e a a v e r a g e s , as p re s e n te d in
ta b le A - 7 , a r e in flu en ced b y (1 ) g e n e r a l s a la r y and w a ge ch a n ges, (2 ) m e r it o r o th er pay in c r e a s e s
r e c e iv e d in the s a m e jo b , (3 ) ch an ges in a v e r a g e w a g e s due to la b o r tu r n o v e r , fo r c e expansions
o r re d u c tio n s , and (4 ) ch an ges re s u ltin g when esta b lis h m e n ts e n te r and le a v e the a r e a .
O ccu p ation al a v e r a g e s can in c r e a s e o r d e c r e a s e w ithout any actu a l change in w a g e s . F o r e x a m p le ,
e ven though a ll es ta b lis h m e n ts g iv e w a g e in c r e a s e s , a v e r a g e w a g e s m ay d e c lin e b eca u se lo w e r p ayin g esta b lis h m e n ts e n te r the a r e a o r expand t h e ir w o rk f o r c e s . S im ila r ly , w a g es m a y rem a in
r e la t iv e ly con stan t, y e t a v e r a g e s r is e b eca u se h ig h e r -p a y in g e sta b lish m en ts e n te r the a r e a o r
expand t h e ir w o rk fo r c e . A s m en tio n ed , data in ta b le A - 8 a r e a dju sted to r e m o v e som e o f the
lim ita tio n s to the in fo rm a tio n in ta b le A - 7 , p a r tic u la r ly ch an ges re s u ltin g fr o m fo r c e expansions
o r red u ctio n s and fr o m the a d d ition o r d e le tio n o f e sta b lish m en ts in the s u rv e y sa m p le.
E sta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w a ge p r o v is io n s
T h e B - s e r ie s ta b le s p r o v id e in fo rm a tio n on e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c tic e s and su p p lem en ta ry
w age p r o v is io n s fo r plant and o ffic e w o r k e r s . " P la n t w o r k e r s " inclu de w o rk in g fo re m e n and a ll
n o n s u p e rv is o ry w o r k e r s (in clu d in g lea d m en and t r a in e e s ) en ga ged in n o n o ffic e fu n ction s. C a fe te r ia
w o r k e r s and rou tem en a r e ex clu d ed fr o m m a n u fa ctu rin g, but in clu d ed in nonm anufacturing
in d u s trie s . " O ffic e w o r k e r s " in clu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e rv is o ry w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g
c le r ic a l o r re la te d fu nctions. A d m in is tr a tiv e , e x e c u tiv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s a r e ex clu d ed .
M in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s f o r o ffic e w o r k e r s r e la te only to the esta b lis h m e n ts v is ite d .
(S ee ta b le B - l . ) B eca u se o f the optim u m sa m p lin g tech n iqu es u sed and the p r o b a b ility that la r g e
esta b lis h m e n ts a r e m o r e lik e ly than s m a ll esta b lis h m e n ts to h a ve fo r m a l en tra n ce ra te s ab ove the
s u b c le r ic a l le v e l, the ta b le is m o r e r e p r e s e n ta tiv e o f p o lic ie s in m ed iu m and la r g e esta b lis h m e n ts .
S h ift d iffe r e n t ia l data a r e lim it e d to plant w o r k e r s in m an u factu rin g in d u s trie s .
(See
ta b le B - 2 .) T h is in fo rm a tio n is p re s e n te d in te r m s o f (1 ) esta b lish m en t p o l i c y 3 fo r to ta l plant
w o r k e r em p lo y m e n t, and (2 ) e ffe c t iv e p r a c tic e fo r w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d sh ift at the
t im e o f the s u rv e y .
In esta b lis h m e n ts h avin g v a r ie d d iffe r e n t ia ls , the amount a pplyin g to a
m a jo r it y is used; i f no amount a p p lie s to a m a jo r it y , the c la s s ific a tio n " o t h e r " is used.
In
esta b lis h m e n ts h avin g so m e la te - s h ift hou rs p a id at n o r m a l r a te s , a d iffe r e n c e is r e c o r d e d only
i f it a p p lie s to a m a jo r it y o f the sh ift h o u rs. A secon d (e v e n in g ) sh ift ends w o rk at o r n e a r
m id n ig h t. A th ir d (n igh t) sh ift s ta rts w o rk at o r n e a r m id n igh t.
T h e sch ed u led w e e k ly hou rs and days o f a m a jo r it y o f the fir s t - s h if t w o r k e r s in an
e s ta b lis h m e n t a r e tab u lated as ap p lyin g to a ll plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s o f that esta b lis h m e n t. (See
ta b le B - 3 .) Sch edu led w e e k ly h ou rs and days a r e th o se w h ich a m a jo r ity o f fu ll- t im e e m p lo y e e s
a r e e x p e c te d to w o rk fo r s tr a ig h t- tim e o r o v e r tim e r a te s .
P a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a tio n s ; and h ea lth , in s u ra n c e , and pension plans a r e tr e a te d
s t a t is t ic a lly as a p p lyin g to a ll plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r it y o f such w o r k e r s a r e e lig ib le
o r m a y e v e n tu a lly q u a lify f o r the p r a c tic e s lis te d .
(S ee ta b le s B -4 th rou gh B - 6 .) Sums o f
in d iv id u a l ite m s in ta b le s B - 2 th rou gh B -5 m a y not eq u a l to ta ls b eca u se o f rounding.

T h e su m m a ry o f v a c a tio n plans is a s ta t is tic a l m e a s u re o f v a c a tio n p r o v is io n s ra th e r than
a m e a s u re o f the p ro p o rtio n o f w o r k e r s a c tu a lly r e c e iv in g s p e c ific b e n e fits .
(See ta b le B - 5 .)
P r o v is io n s a p p ly to a ll plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s in an e sta b lish m en t r e g a r d le s s o f length o f s e r v ic e .
P a y m en ts on o th e r than a tim e b a s is a r e c o n v e rte d to a tim e p e rio d ; f o r e x a m p le , 2 p erc e n t of
annual e a rn in g s a r e c o n s id e r e d eq u iva len t to 1 w e e k 's pay.
Only b a s ic plans a r e included.
E s tim a te s ex clu d e v a c a tio n b on u ses, v a c a tio n -s a v in g s p lan s, and "e x te n d e d " o r "s a b b a tic a l"
b e n e fits beyon d b a s ic p lan s.
Such p r o v is io n s a re t y p ic a l in the s te e l, alum inum , and can
in d u s trie s .

H ea lth , in s u ra n c e , and pen sion plans f o r w h ich the e m p lo y e r pays at le a s t a p art of
the co s t in clu d e th ose (1 ) u n d erw ritten b y a c o m m e r c ia l in su ra n ce com pany o r n on p rofit
o rg a n iz a tio n , (2 ) p r o v id e d th rou gh a union fund, o r (3 ) p aid d ir e c t ly by the e m p lo y e r out of
c u rre n t o p e ra tin g funds o r fr o m a fund set a s id e f o r th is p u rp ose.
(See ta b le B - 6 .) An
e sta b lish m en t is c o n s id e r e d to have such a plan i f the m a jo r it y o f e m p lo y e e s a r e c o v e r e d even
though le s s than a m a jo r it y p a rtic ip a te u nder the plan b eca u se e m p lo y e e s a r e re q u ire d to
co n trib u te to w a rd the c o s t. E xclu d ed a r e le g a lly r e q u ire d p lan s, such as w o rk m e n 's com p en sation ,
s o c ia l s e c u r ity , and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t.

S ick n ess and a c c id e n t in su ra n ce is lim it e d to that typ e o f in su ra n ce under w h ich p r e ­
d e te rm in e d cash p aym en ts a r e m ade d ir e c t ly to the in s u re d during te m p o r a r y illn e s s o r a ccid en t
d is a b ility .
In fo rm a tio n is p re s e n te d fo r a ll such plans to w hich the e m p lo y e r con trib u tes.
H o w e v e r , in N ew Y o r k and N ew J e r s e y , w h ich have en acted te m p o r a r y d is a b ility in su ran ce law s
re q u irin g e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n s ,4 plans a r e in clu ded only i f the e m p lo y e r (1 ) co n trib u tes m o r e
than is le g a lly r e q u ir e d , o r (2 ) p ro v id e s the e m p lo y e e w ith b e n e fits w h ich e x c e e d the re q u ire m e n ts
o f the law . T ab u la tion s o f paid sick le a v e plans a r e lim ite d to fo r m a l plans 5 w hich p ro v id e fu ll
pay o r a p ro p o rtio n o f the w o r k e r 's pay during ab sen ce fr o m w o rk b eca u se o f illn e s s . Sep arate
tabu lations a re p re s e n te d a c c o rd in g to (1 ) plans w h ich p ro v id e fu ll pay and no w a itin g p e rio d ,
and (2 ) plans w h ich p r o v id e e ith e r p a r tia l pay o r a w a itin g p e rio d . In addition to the p resen ta tio n
o f p ro p o rtio n s o f w o r k e r s p ro v id e d s ick n ess and a ccid en t in su ra n ce o r paid sick le a v e , an
unduplicated to ta l is shown o f w o r k e r s w ho r e c e iv e e ith e r o r both ty p es o f b e n e fits .
L o n g t e r m d is a b ility in su ran ce plans p ro v id e paym ents to t o ta lly d is a b le d e m p lo y e e s upon
the e x p ira tio n o f t h e ir paid s ic k le a v e and/or s ick n ess and a cc id e n t in s u ra n c e , o r a fte r a
p r e d e te rm in e d p e r io d o f d is a b ility (ty p ic a lly 6 m on th s). P a y m en ts a r e m ade u n til the end o f the
d is a b ility , a m a x im u m a g e , o r e lig ib ilit y fo r r e tir e m e n t b e n e fits . F u ll o r p a r tia l paym ents a re
a lm o s t a lw a y s red u c e d b y s o c ia l s e c u r ity , w o rk m e n 's co m p en sa tio n , and p r iv a te pen sion s b en efits
payab le to the d is a b le d e m p lo y e e .

Data on p a id h o lid a y s a r e lim ite d to h o lid a y s g ra n te d annually on a fo r m a l b a s is , w h ich (1 )
a r e p r o v id e d f o r in w r itte n fo r m , o r (2 ) a r e e s ta b lis h e d b y cu stom . (S ee ta b le B - 4 .) H o lid a y s
o r d in a r ily g ra n te d a re in clu d ed e ven though th ey m a y f a ll on a non w orkday and the w o r k e r is not
g ra n te d an oth er day o ff. T h e f ir s t p a rt o f the paid h o lid a y s ta b le p re s e n ts the n u m b er o f w h ole
and h a lf h o lid a y s a c tu a lly gran ted .
T h e secon d p a rt com b in es w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s to show
to ta l h o lid a y t im e .
T a b le B -4 a re p o r ts the in c id e n c e o f the m o s t com m on p a id h o lid a y s .

M a jo r m e d ic a l in su ra n ce plans p r o te c t e m p lo y e e s fr o m s ick n ess and in ju ry ex p en ses
beyond the c o v e r a g e o f b a s ic h o s p ita liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p lan s. T y p ic a l fe a tu re s of
m a jo r m e d ic a l plans a r e (1 ) a "d e d u c tib le " (e .g ., $ 5 0 ) p aid by the in s u re d b e fo r e b en efits
b e g in ; (2 ) a c o in su ra n ce fe a tu re re q u irin g the in s u re d to pay a p o rtio n (e .g . 20 p e r c e n t) o f
c e r ta in exp e n s e s ; and (3 ) stated d o lla r m axim u m b e n e fits (e .g ., $ 10,000 a y e a r ).
M e d ic a l
in su ra n ce p r o v id e s c o m p le te o r p a r tia l p aym en t o f d o c to r s ' fe e s . D ental in su ra n ce u su a lly c o v e rs
fillin g s , e x tr a c tio n s , and X - r a y s . E xclu d ed a re plans w h ich c o v e r on ly o r a l s u r g e r y o r a ccid en t
d a m a ge.
R e tir e m e n t pen sion plans p ro v id e paym en ts fo r the re m a in d e r o f the w o r k e r 's life .

3 A n establishment was considered as having a p olicy if it met either o f the follow ing conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time
o f the survey, or (2 ) had formal provisions covering late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions i f it (1 ) had
operated late shifts during the 12 months before the survey, or (2 ) had provisions in written form to operate late shifts.

4
The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer contributions.
3 An establishment is considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the minimum number o f days sick leave available
to each employee. Such a plan need not be written; but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, are excluded.




Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Waterloo, Iowa,'
by major industry division/November 1973
N u m b er o f estab lish m en ts

In d u stry d iv is io n

M in im u m
em p lo ym en t
in e s ta b lis h ­
m ents in scope
o f study

W o rk e rs in estab lish m en ts
W ith in scope o f study

W ith in scope
o f study *

Studied
Studied

T o t a l4
P la n t
N u m b er

A l l d iv is io n s ___________________________ ______
M an u factu rin g __ ___________________________________
N on m an u factu rin g______r____________________________
T ra n s p o rta tio n , com m u n ica tion , and
oth er pu blic u t ilitie s 5 ______________________
_
W h o le s a le t r a d e _________________________________
R e ta il tr a d e ______________________________ ________
F in a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ________
S e r v ic e s 9
_________________ _____ __ __________

_

O ffic e

P ercen t

T o t a l4

67

49

25.772

100

20.112

2.3 2 9

23,986

50
-

29
38

23
26

20.345
5.427

79
21

16,371
3, 741

1,636
693

19,671
4,315

50
50
50
50
50

2
19
3
8

6
2
10
3
5

1,708
64
2, 795
251
609

6

7
(‘ )
11
1
2

800
( 7)
( 7)
( 8)
( 7)

276
( 7)
( 7)
( 7)
( 7)

1. 708
64
1,841
251
451

1 T h e W a te r lo o Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as d efin ed b y the O ffic e o f M an agem en t and B udget throu gh N o v e m b e r 1972, c o n s is ts o f B la ck H aw k County.
T h e "w o r k e r s w ithin
scop e o f stu d y " e s tim a te s shown in th is ta b le p ro v id e a re a s o n a b ly a c c u ra te d e s c rip tio n o f the s iz e and co m p o s itio n o f the la b o r fo r c e in clu ded in the s u rv e y .
E s tim a te s a r e not intended, h o w e v e r,
fo r c o m p a ris o n w ith o th er em p lo ym en t in d exes to m e a s u re em p loym en t tren d s or le v e ls sin ce (1) planning o f w a ge s u rv e y s r e q u ir e s esta b lish m en t data co m p lie d c o n s id e ra b ly in advance o f the
p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ied , and (2) s m a ll esta b lish m en ts a r e exclu d ed fr o m the sco p e o f the s u rv e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d itio n o f the Standard In d u stria l C la s s ific a tio n M anual w as used to c la s s ify esta b lish m en ts by in d u stry d iv is io n .
3 In clu des a ll e sta b lish m en ts w ith to ta l em p loym en t at o r above the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
A l l ou tlets (w ith in the a r e a ) o f com p a n ies in in d u s trie s such as t r a d e , fin a n ce,
auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e ,
and m o tio n p ic tu re th e a te rs a r e c o n s id e re d as 1 esta b lish m en t.
4 In clu des e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and oth er w o r k e r s exclu ded fr o m the s e p a ra te plant and o ffic e c a te g o r ie s .
5 A b b r e v ia te d to "p u b lic u t ilit ie s " in the A - and B - s e r ie s ta b le s .
T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid en ta l to w a te r tra n s p o rta tio n w e r e exclu ded.
6 L e s s than 0.5 p e rc e n t.
7 T h is d iv is io n is re p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " and "n on m a n u fa ctu rin g" in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s , and fo r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " in the B - s e r ie s ta b le s .
S ep a ra te presen ta tion o f
data is not m ade fo r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g re a s o n s : (1) E m p lo ym en t is too s m a ll to p ro v id e enough data to m e r it s e p a ra te study, (2 ) the sa m p le w as not d esig n ed in itia lly to p e rm it
s e p a ra te p re s e n ta tio n , (3 ) re s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequate to p e r m it s e p a ra te p re s e n ta tio n , and (4) th e re is p o s s ib ility o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d ivid u a l e sta b lish m en t data.
8 W o r k e r s fr o m th is e n tire d iv is io n a r e r e p re s e n te d in e s tim a te s fo r " a ll in d u s tr ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g" in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s , but fr o m the r e a l esta te p o rtio n on ly in estim a tes
fo r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " in the B - s e r ie s ta b le s .
S ep a ra te p re s e n ta tio n o f data is not m ade fo r one o r m o r e o f the re a s o n s g iv e n in footn ote 7.
9 H o te ls and m o te ls ; la u n d ries and oth er p e rs o n a l s e r v ic e s ; bu sin ess s e r v ic e s ; au to m o b ile r e p a ir , re n ta l, and p a rk in g; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e rs h ip o rg a n iza tio n s (exclu d in g
r e lig io u s and ch a rita b le o r g a n iz a tio n s ); and en g in e e rin g and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .

L a b o r-m a n a g e m e n t a g re e m e n t c o v e r a g e
T h e fo llo w in g tabulation shows the p e rc e n t o f plant and o ffic e w o rk e rs em p loyed in
esta b lish m en ts in w hich a co n tra c t o r co n tra cts c o v e r e d a m a jo r ity o f the w o rk e rs in the
r e s p e c tiv e c a t e g o r ie s , W a te r lo o , Io w a , N o v e m b e r 1973:

In d u s tria l c o m p o s itio n in m an u factu rin g
T h r e e -fo u r th s o f the w o r k e r s w ith in scope o f the s u r v e y in the W a te rlo o a r e a w e r e
em p lo yed in m an u factu rin g fir m s . \ T h e fo llo w in g p re s e n ts the m a jo r in d u stry grou ps and
s p e c ific in d u s trie s as a p e rc e n t o f a ll m an u factu rin g:
In d u stry grou ps
M a c h in e ry , exc e p t
e l e c t r i c a l __________________________ 59
F o o d and k in d red p ro d u c ts _________ 20
F a b ric a te d m e ta l p ro d u c ts ________ 7
O rdn an ce and a c c e s s o r ie s ________
6

P la n t w o r k e r s
A l l in d u s tr ie s ____________________________ 89
M an u factu rin g ____________________________ 99
P u b lic u t ilit ie s ___________________________ 92

S p e c ific in d u stries
F a r m m a c h in e r y _____________ 51
M ea t p ro d u cts_________________ 17

21
19
40

A n esta b lish m en t is c o n s id e re d to h ave a c o n tra c t c o v e r in g a ll plant or o ffic e
w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r ity o f such w o r k e r s a r e c o v e r e d by a la b o r-m a n a g e m e n t a g re e m e n t.
T h e r e fo r e , a ll oth er plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s a r e em p lo y e d in esta b lish m en ts that eith e r do
not have la b o r-m a n a g e m e n t co n tra c ts in e ffe c t, o r have c o n tra cts that apply to fe w e r than
h a lf o f th e ir plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s .
E s tim a te s a r e not n e c e s s a r ily r e p re s e n ta tiv e o f the
exten t to w h ich a ll w o r k e r s in the a r e a m a y be c o v e r e d by the p r o v is io n s o f la b o r-m a n a g em en t
a g r e e m e n ts , b eca u se s m a ll esta b lish m en ts a r e exclu d ed and the in d u s tria l scope o f the
s u rv e y is lim ite d .

T h is in fo rm a tio n is b a sed on e s tim a te s o f to ta l em p lo ym en t d e r iv e d fr o m u n iv e rs e
m a te r ia ls c o m p ile d b e fo r e actu al s u rv e y .
P r o p o r tio n s in v a rio u s in d u stry d iv is io n s m ay
d iffe r fr o m p ro p o rtio n s b a sed on the re s u lts o f the s u r v e y as shown in the appendix ta b le .




O ffic e w o rk e rs

21

Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions
T h e p r im a r y p u rp ose o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c rip tio n s fo r the B u rea u 's w age s u rv e y s is to a s s is t its fie ld s ta ff in c la s s ify in g into a p p ro p ria te
o ccu p ation s w o r k e r s who a r e em p lo y e d under a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o ll t it le s and d iffe r e n t w o rk a rra n g e m e n ts fr o m e sta b lish m en t to e s ta b lish m en t and
fr o m a r e a to a re a .
T h is p e r m its the grou pin g o f occu p ation al w age ra te s re p re s e n tin g c o m p a ra b le jo b content.
B eca u se o f th is em p h asis on
in te re s ta b lis h m e n t and in te r a r e a c o m p a ra b ility o f occu p a tio n a l content, the B u rea u 's jo b d e s c rip tio n s m a y d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m th ose in use in
in d ivid u a l esta b lis h m e n ts o r th ose p re p a re d fo r o th e r p u rp o ses.
In ap p lyin g th ese jo b d e s c r ip tio n s , the B u re a u 's fie ld e c o n o m is ts a r e in stru cted
to e x c lu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p re n tic e s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g in n e rs ; tr a in e e s ; and handicapped, p a r t - t im e , te m p o r a r y , and p ro b a tio n a ry w o r k e r s .

O F FIC E

C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G — Continued

B IL L E R , M A C H IN E
P r e p a r e s sta te m e n ts , b ills , and in v o ic e s on a m a ch in e o th e r than an o rd in a r y o r e le c t r o m a tic t y p e w r it e r .
M a y a ls o keep r e c o r d s as to b illin g s o r shipping c h a rg e s o r p e r fo r m oth er
c le r ic a l w o rk in cid en ta l to b illin g o p e ra tio n s . F o r w age study p u rp o ses, b ille r s , m achine., a r e
c la s s ifie d by typ e o f m a ch in e, as fo llo w s :

P o s itio n s a r e c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the b a sis o f the fo llo w in g d efin itio n s .
C la s s A . U n der g e n e ra l s u p e rv is io n , p e r fo r m s accounting c le r ic a l o p era tio n s which
re q u ir e the a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d gm en t, fo r ex a m p le , c le r ic a lly p ro c e s s in g c o m ­
p lic a te d o r n o n re p e titiv e accou n tin g tra n s a c tio n s , s e le c tin g am ong a substantial v a r ie t y o f
p r e s c r ib e d accounting co d es and c la s s ific a tio n s , o r tr a c in g tra n sa ctio n s through p re v io u s
accounting action s to d e te rm in e s o u rce o f d is c r e p a n c ie s .
M a y be a s s is te d by one o r m o r e
c la s s B accou n tin g c le r k s .

B i l l e r , m ach in e (b illin g m a c h in e ). U ses a s p e c ia l b illin g m ach in e (co m b in a tio n typin g
and adding m a c h in e ) to p r e p a r e b ills and in v o ic e s fr o m c u s to m e rs ' pu rch ase o r d e r s , in t e r ­
n a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , shipping m em o ra n d u m s, e tc .
U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lica tio n o f p r e ­
d e te rm in e d discou n ts and shipping c h a rg e s and e n try o f n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w hich m a y o r
m a y not be com p u ted on the b illin g m a ch in e, and to ta ls w hich a r e a u to m a tic a lly accu m u lated
by m a ch in e. T h e o p e ra tio n u su a lly in v o lv e s a la r g e num ber o f carb on c o p ie s o f the b ill bein g
p r e p a r e d and is o ften done on a fa n fo ld m a ch in e.
B ille r , m a ch in e (b ook k eep in g m a c h in e ). U ses a b ookkeepin g m a ch in e (w ith o r w ithout
a ty p e w r it e r k e y b o a rd ) to p r e p a r e c u s to m e r s ' b ills as p a rt o f the accounts r e c e iv a b le o p e r a ­
tio n . G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s the sim u ltan eou s e n try o f fig u r e s on c u s to m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . T h e
m ach in e a u to m a tic a lly accu m u la tes fig u r e s on a num ber o f v e r t ic a l colu m n s and com putes
and u su a lly p rin ts a u to m a tic a lly the d eb it o r c r e d it b a la n ces.
D oes not in v o lv e a k n ow l­
ed ge o f b o ok k eep in g.
W ork s fr o m u n ifo rm and standard typ es o f s a le s and c r e d it s lip s .

C la s s B . U nder c lo s e s u p e rv is io n , fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s and sta n d a rd ized p r o ­
c e d u re s , p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e ro u tin e accounting c le r ic a l o p e ra tio n s , such as postin g to
le d g e r s , c a rd s , o r w o rk s h e e ts w h e re id e n tific a tio n o f ite m s and lo ca tio n s o f p ostin gs a r e
c le a r ly in d ica ted ; ch eck in g a c c u ra c y and c o m p le te n e s s o f s ta n d a rd ized and r e p e titiv e re c o r d s
o r accou n tin g docu m en ts; and cod in g docum ents u sin g a fe w p r e s c r ib e d accounting cod es.
C L E R K , F IL E
F ile s , c la s s ifie s , and r e t r ie v e s m a t e r ia l in an es ta b lis h e d filin g s y s te m . M a y p e r fo r m
c le r ic a l and m anu al tasks r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in file s . P o s itio n s a r e c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the
b a sis o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s a b ook k eep in g m a ch in e (w ith o r w ithout a t y p e w r it e r k eyb o a rd ) to keep a r e c o r d
o f b u sin ess tra n s a c tio n s .
C la s s A .
K e e p s a set o f r e c o r d s re q u irin g a k n ow led ge o f and e x p e r ie n c e in b a sic
book k eep in g p r in c ip le s , and fa m ilia r it y w ith the s tru c tu re o f th e p a r tic u la r accou n tin g system
used. D e te rm in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d is trib u tio n o f d eb it and c r e d it ite m s to be used in each
phase o f the w o rk .
M a y p r e p a r e con s o lid a te d r e p o r ts , b a la n ce sh eets, and o th e r r e c o r d s
by hand.
C la s s B.
K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e ph ases o r sectio n s o f a set o f r e c o r d s u su ally
re q u ir in g lit t le k n ow led ge o f b a s ic book k eep in g. P h a ses o r section s in clu d e accounts p a ya b le,
p a y r o ll, c u s to m e r s ' accounts (not in clu din g a s im p le typ e o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d under b ille r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d is trib u tio n , exp en se d is trib u tio n , in v e n to ry c o n tro l, e tc . M a y ch eck o r a s s is t
in p re p a ra tio n o f t r ia l b a la n ces and p r e p a r e c o n tro l sheets fo r the accou n tin g d ep a rtm en t.
C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G
P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e accou n tin g c le r ic a l tasks such as p ostin g to r e g is t e r s and le d g e r s :
r e c o n c ilin g bank accounts: v e r ify in g the in tern a l c o n s is te n c y , c o m p le te n e s s , and m a th e m a tic a l
a c c u ra c y o f accou n tin g docu m en ts; a ssig n in g p r e s c r ib e d accou n tin g d is trib u tio n c o d es; exa m in in g
and v e r ify in g fo r c le r ic a l a c c u ra c y v a rio u s typ es o f r e p o r ts , lis t s , ca lc u la tio n s , p o stin g , etc .;
o r p re p a rin g s im p le o r a s s is tin g in p re p a rin g m o r e c o m p lic a te d jo u rn a l v o u c h e rs .
M a y w o rk
in e ith e r a m anual o r autom ated accounting s y s te m .
T h e w o rk r e q u ir e s a k n ow led ge o f c le r ic a l m eth ods and o ffic e p r a c tic e s and p ro c e d u re s
w hich r e la te s to the c le r ic a l p r o c e s s in g and re c o r d in g o f tra n s a c tio n s and accounting in fo rm a tio n .
W ith e x p e r ie n c e , the w o r k e r t y p ic a lly b e c o m e s fa m ilia r w ith the bookkeeping and accounting te r m s
and p ro c e d u re s used in the a s s ig n e d w o rk , but is not r e q u ir e d to have a k n ow led ge o f the fo r m a l
p r in c ip le s o f book k eep in g and accou n tin g.




22

C la s s A . C la s s ifie s and in d exes f i l e m a t e r ia l such as c o rre s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r ts , te c h ­
n ic a l docu m en ts, e tc ., in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g sy stem con tain in g a nu m ber o f v a r ie d su bject
m a tte r file s . M a y a ls o f ile th is m a t e r ia l. M a y k eep r e c o r d s o f v a rio u s ty p es in conjunction
w ith the f ile s .
M a y le a d a s m a ll grou p o f lo w e r l e v e l f i l e c le r k s .
C la s s B . S o rts , c o d e s , and file s
ings o r p a r tly c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l by
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s .
A s re q u e s te d ,
w a rd s m a t e r ia l. M a y p e r fo r m r e la te d

u n c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l by s im p le (s u b je c t m a tte r ) head­
fin e r subheadings. P r e p a r e s s im p le r e la te d in d ex and
lo c a te s c le a r ly id e n tifie d m a te r ia l in file s and f o r ­
c le r ic a l tasks r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v ic e file s .

C la s s C . P e r fo r m s rou tin e filin g o f m a t e r ia l that has a lr e a d y been c la s s ifie d o r which
is e a s ily c la s s ifie d in a sim p le s e r ia l c la s s ific a tio n s y s te m (e .g ., a lp h a b e tic a l, c h ro n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e r ic a l). A s req u ested , lo c a te s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a te r ia l in file s and fo rw a rd s m a ­
t e r ia l; and m a y f i l l out w ith d ra w a l c h a rg e . M a y p e r fo r m s im p le c le r ic a l and m anual tasks
r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v ic e file s .
C L E R K , ORDER
R e c e iv e s c u s to m e r s ' o r d e r s fo r m a t e r ia l o r m e rc h a n d is e by m a il, phone, o r p e rs o n a lly .
D uties in v o lv e any com b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g : Q uoting p r ic e s to c u s to m e rs ; m akin g out an o r d e r
sh eet lis tin g the ite m s to m ak e up the o r d e r ; ch eck in g p r ic e s and qu an tities o f ite m s on o r d e r
sheet; and d is trib u tin g o r d e r sh eets to r e s p e c tiv e d ep a rtm en ts to be fille d . M a y ch eck w ith c r e d it
d ep a rtm en t to d e te rm in e c r e d it ra tin g o ( c u s to m e r, a ck n ow led ge r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s fr o m c u s to m e rs ,
fo llo w up o r d e r s to se e that th ey have been f ille d , k eep f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and ch eck shipping
in v o ic e s w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .
CLERK, P A Y R O L L
C om putes w a g es o f com pan y e m p lo y e e s and e n te rs the n e c e s s a r y data on the p a y r o ll
s h eets. D uties in v o lv e : C a lcu la tin g w o r k e r s ' ea rn in gs based on tim e o r p rodu ction r e c o r d s ; and
p ostin g ca lc u la te d data on p a y r o ll sh eet, show ing in fo rm a tio n such as w o r k e r 's nam e, w ork in g
d a ys, tim e , ra te , dedu ctions fo r in s u ra n c e , and to ta l w a ges due. M a y m ak e out paych ecks and
a s s is t p a y m a s te r in m ak in g up and d is trib u tin g pay e n v e lo p e s .
M a y use a c a lc u la tin g m ach in e.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

SECRETARY— Continued

O p e ra te s a keypunch m ach in e
tab u latin g c a rd s o r on tap e.

to r e c o r d

o r v e r ify

a lp h ab etic

and/or n u m e ric

data on

P o s itio n s a r e c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the b a sis o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A . W ork re q u ir e s the a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju dgm en t in s e le c tin g p r o c e ­
d u res to be fo llo w e d and in s e a rc h in g fo r , in te r p r e tin g , s e le c tin g , o r codin g ite m s to be
keypunched fr o m a v a r ie t y o f s o u rc e docu m en ts. On o c c a s io n m a y a ls o p e r fo r m som e rou tin e
keypunch w o rk .
M a y tr a in in e x p e r ie n c e d keypunch o p e r a to r s .

N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a te o f f ic e r , " used in the le v e l d efin itio n s fo llo w in g , r e fe r s to
th ose o ffic ia ls who have a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a te - w id e p o licy m a k in g r o le with re g a r d to m a jo r
com pan y a c t iv it ie s . T h e t it le " v ic e p r e s id e n t ," though n o r m a lly in d ic a tiv e o f this r o le , does not
in a ll c a s e s id e n tify such p o s itio n s . V ic e p re s id e n ts w hose p r im a r y re s p o n s ib ility is to act p e r ­
s o n a lly on in d ivid u a l c a s e s o r tra n s a c tio n s (e .g ., a p p rove o r deny in d ivid u al loan o r c r e d it a ction s;
a d m in is te r in d ivid u a l tru s t accou nts; d ir e c t ly s u p e rv is e a c le r ic a l s ta ff) a r e not co n s id e re d to be
" c o r p o r a te o f f i c e r s " fo r p u rp oses o f a p p lyin g the fo llo w in g le v e l d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A

a ll,
C la s s B . W ork is rou tin e and r e p e t it iv e . U nder c lo s e s u p e rv is io n o r fo llo w in g s p e c ific
p r o c e d u re s o r in s tru c tio n s , w o rk s fr o m v a rio u s s ta n d a rd ized so u rce docum ents w hich have
been cod ed , and fo llo w s s p e c ifie d p ro c e d u re s w hich have been p r e s c r ib e d in d e ta il and re q u ir e
lit t le o r no s e le c tin g , cod in g, o r in te r p r e tin g o f data to be r e c o r d e d . R e fe r s to s u p e rv is o r
p ro b le m s a r is in g fr o m e rro n e o u s ite m s o r c o d es o r m is s in g in fo rm a tio n .

M E S S E N G E R (O ffic e

1. S e c r e ta r y to the ch a irm a n o f the board o r p re s id e n t o f a com pany that em p lo y s , in
o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

2. S e c r e ta r y to a c o rp o ra te o f f ic e r (q th er than the ch a irm a n o f the b oard o r p re s id e n t)
o f a com pany that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 but fe w e r than 25, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e ta r y to the head, im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the c o r p o r a te o f f ic e r le v e l,
segm en t o r s u b s id ia ry o f a com pany that em p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 25,000 p e r s o n s .

o f a m a jo r

C la s s B

B oy o r G ir l)

1. S e c r e ta r y to the ch a irm a n o f the b oard o r p re s id e n t o f a com pany that em p lo y s , in
fe w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

P e r fo r m s v a r io u s rou tin e du ties such as running e r r a n d s , o p e ra tin g m in o r o ffic e m a ­
chin es such as s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , opening and d is trib u tin g m a il, and o th er m in o r c le r ic a l w o rk .
E xclu d e p o s itio n s that r e q u ir e o p e ra tio n o f a m o to r v e h ic le as a s ig n ific a n t duty.

a ll,

SECRETARY

3. S e c r e ta r y to the head, im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the o f f ic e r le v e l, o v e r e ith e r a m a jo r
c o r p o r a te -w id e fu n ction al a c tiv ity (e .g ., m a rk e tin g , re s e a r c h , op e ra tio n s , in d u stria l r e l a ­
tio n s , e tc .) or~a m a jo r g e o g ra p h ic o r o rg a n iz a tio n a l segm en t (e .g ., a re g io n a l h ea d q u a rters;
a m a jo r d iv is io n ) o f a com pany that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5,000 but fe w e r than 25,000
e m p lo y e e s ; o r

A s s ig n e d as p e rs o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to one in d ivid u a l. M ain tain s a c lo s e and h igh ly
re s p o n s iv e re la tio n s h ip to the d a y -to -d a y w o rk o f the s u p e r v is o r . W orks f a i r l y in d ep en d en tly r e ­
c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e ta ile d s u p e rv is io n and gu idan ce. P e r fo r m s v a r ie d c le r ic a l and s e c r e t a r ia l
d u ties, u su ally in clu d in g m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :

a.
R e c e iv e s telep h on e c a lls , p e rs o n a l c a lle r s , and in com in g
in q u ire s , and rou tes te c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s to the p ro p e r p e rs o n s ;
m a in ta in s,

m a il,

a n s w e rs

rou tine

b.

E s ta b lis h e s ,

c.

R e la y s m e s s a g e s fr o m

4. S e c r e ta r y to the head o f an in d ivid u a l plant, fa c to r y , e tc . (o r oth er equ ivalen t le v e l
o f o ffic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5,000 p e r s o n s ; o r
5. S e c r e ta r y to the head o f a la r g e and im p orta n t o rg a n iza tio n a l segm en t (e .g ., a m id d le
m an agem en t s u p e r v is o r o f an o rg a n iza tio n a l segm en t often in v o lv in g as m any as s e v e r a l
hundred p e rs o n s ) o r a com pany that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 25,000 p e r s o n s .

M ain tain s the s u p e r v is o r 's c a le n d a r and m ak es appointm ents as in stru cted ; ^

d.

2. S e c r e ta r y to a c o r p o r a te o f f ic e r (o th e r than the ch a irm a n o f the b oard o r p re s id e n t)
o f a com pany that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5,000 p e r s o n s ; o r

and r e v is e s the s u p e r v is o r 's file s ;
C la s s C

s u p e r v is o r to su b ord in ates;

e.
R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m em o ra n d u m s, and re p o r ts p re p a re d
s u p e r v is o r 's s ign a tu re to a s s u re p ro c e d u ra l and ty p o g ra p h ic a ccu ra cy;
f.

P e r fo r m s

by

oth e rs fo r the

1. S e c r e ta r y to an e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e ria l p erso n whose re s p o n s ib ility is not equ ivalen t
to one o f the s p e c ific le v e l situ ations in the d efin itio n fo r c la s s B , but w hose org a n iza tio n a l
unit n o rm a lly n u m bers at le a s t s e v e r a l dozen e m p lo y e e s and is u su ally d iv id e d into o r g a n iz a ­
tio n a l segm en ts w hich a r e o fte n , in turn, fu rth e r subdivided. In som e co m p a n ies, this le v e l
in clu d es a w id e ra n ge o f o rg a n iz a tio n a l ech elon s; in o th e rs , o n ly one o r tw o; m*
2. S e c r e ta r y to the head o f an in d ivid u al plant, fa c to r y , e tc . (o r oth er eq u ivalen t le v e l
o f o f f ic ia l) that em p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r than 5,000 p e r s o n s .

sten o g ra p h ic and typ in g w o rk .

M a y a ls o p e r fo r m o th e r c le r ic a l and s e c r e t a r ia l ta sk s o f co m p a ra b le n atu re and d iffic u lty .
Th e w o rk t y p ic a lly re q u ir e s k n ow led ge o f o ffic e rou tin e and understanding o f the o rg a n iz a tio n ,
p r o g r a m s , and p ro c e d u re s r e la te d to the w o rk o f the s u p e r v is o r .

E xclu sion s
N ot a ll p o s itio n s that a r e title d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the ab ove c h a r a c te r is tic s .
o f p o s itio n s w hich a r e ex clu d ed fr o m the d e fin itio n a r e as fo llo w s :

E x a m p les

C la s s D
1. S e c r e ta r y to the s u p e r v is o r o r head o f a s m a ll o rg a n iz a tio n a l unit (e .g ., fe w e r than
about 25 o r 30 p e rs o n s ); m*
2. S e c r e ta r y to a n o n s u p e rv is o ry s ta ff s p e c ia lis t, p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is tra ­
t iv e o f f i c e r , o r a ssista n t, s k ille d tech n icia n o r e x p e rt.
(N O T E :
M any com panies assign
s te n o g ra p h e rs , ra th e r than s e c r e t a r ie s as d e s c rib e d ab o ve, to th is le v e l o f s u p e rv is o ry o r
n o n s u p e rv is o ry w o r k e r .)
STENO G RAPH ER

a.

P o s itio n s

w hich

do

not m e e t

the

" p e r s o n a l"

s e c r e ta r y

b.

con cep t

d e s c r ib e d

above;

S ten o gra p h ers not fu lly tra in e d in s e c r e t a r ia l typ e duties;

c.
S ten o gra p h ers s e r v in g as o ffic e a ss is ta n ts to a grou p o f p r o fe s s io n a l, te c h n ic a l, o r
m a n a g e r ia l p e rs o n s ;
d.
S e c r e ta r y p o sitio n s in w hich the du ties a re e ith e r su b sta n tia lly m o r e rou tine o r
su b sta n tia lly m o r e c o m p le x and re s p o n s ib le than th ose c h a r a c te r iz e d in the d efin itio n ;

P r im a r y duty is to take d icta tio n using shorthand, and to tr a n s c r ib e the d ictation . M ay
a ls o typ e fr o m w ritte n cop y. M a y o p e ra te fr o m a sten ograp h ic p o o l. M a y o c c a s io n a lly tra n s c rib e
fr o m v o ic e r e c o r d in g s ( i f p r im a r y duty is tra n s c rib in g fro m re c o r d in g s , see T r a n s c rib in g -M a c h in e
O p e ra to r, G e n e ra l).
N O T E : T h is jo b is d istin gu ish ed fr o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a s e c r e ta r y n o rm a lly
w ork s in a c o n fid e n tia l re la tio n s h ip w ith on ly one m a n a g e r o r e x e c u tiv e and p e rfo rm s m o r e
re s p o n s ib le and d is c r e tio n a r y tasks as d e s c r ib e d in the s e c r e t a r y jo b d efin itio n .
S ten o g ra p h er, G en era l

e.
A s s is ta n t typ e p o sitio n s w hich in v o lv e m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e re s p o n s ib le te c h ­
n ic a l, a d m in is tr a tiv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c le r ic a l duties w hich a re not ty p ic a l o f
s e c r e t a r ia l w o rk .




D icta tio n in v o lv e s a n o rm a l rou tin e v o ca b u la ry . M a y m ain tain file s , keep sim p le r e c o r d s ,
o r p e r fo r m o th er r e la t iv e ly rou tin e c le r ic a l task s.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (Electric Accounting Machine Operator)— Continued

STENOGRAPHER— Continued

P o s itio n s a r e c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the b a sis o f the fo llo w in g d efin itio n s .

S ten o g ra p h er, S en io r
or

D icta tio n in v o lv e s a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la ry such as in le g a l b r ie fs
re p o r ts on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h .
M a y a ls o set up and m ain tain file s , keep r e c o r d s , e tc.

C la s s A .
P e r fo r m s c o m p le te re p o rtin g and tabu latin g assign m en ts in clu d in g d e v is in g
d iffic u lt c o n tro l panel w ir in g under g e n e r a l s u p e rv is io n .
A ssig n m en ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e a
v a r ie t y o f lon g and c o m p le x r e p o r ts w hich often a r e ir r e g u la r o r n o n re c u rrin g , req u irin g
som e planning o f the nature and sequ en cin g o f o p e ra tio n s , and the use o f a v a r ie t y o f m a ­
ch in es.
Is t y p ic a lly in v o lv e d in tra in in g new o p e r a to r s in m ach in e o p era tio n s o r tra in in g
lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a to r s in w ir in g fr o m d ia g ra m s and in the o p e ra tin g sequ en ces o f long and
c o m p le x r e p o r ts .
D oes not inclu de p o s itio n s in w h ich w ir in g re s p o n s ib ility is lim ite d to
s e le c tio n and in s e r tio n o f p r e w ir e d b o a rd s.

OR
P e r fo r m s s ten o g ra p h ic du ties re q u irin g s ig n ific a n tly g r e a te r in dependence and re s p o n ­
s ib ilit y than s te n o g ra p h e r, g e n e r a l, as ev id e n c e d by the fo llo w in g :
W ork re q u ir e s a high
d e g r e e o f sten o g ra p h ic sp eed and a c c u ra c y ; a thorou gh w o rk in g kn ow ledge o f g e n e ra l b u sin ess
and o ffic e p ro c e d u re ; and o f the s p e c ific bu sin ess o p e ra tio n s , o rg a n iza tio n , p o lic ie s , p r o c e ­
d u re s , f ile s , w o r k flo w , e tc.
U ses th is k n ow led ge in p e r fo r m in g sten o gra p h ic du ties and
r e s p o n s ib le c le r ic a l tasks such as m ain ta in in g fo llo w u p file s ; a s s e m b lin g m a te r ia l fo r r e p o r ts ,
m em o ra n d u m s, and le t t e r s ; c o m p o sin g s im p le le t t e r s fr o m g e n e ra l in s tru c tio n s ; re a d in g and
rou tin g in co m in g m a il; and a n s w e rin g rou tin e q u estio n s, e tc.

C la s s B . P e r fo r m s w o rk a c c o rd in g to esta b lis h e d p ro c e d u re s and under s p e c ific in ­
s tru ctio n s. A s s ig n m e n ts t y p ic a lly in v o lv e c o m p le te but rou tine and r e c u r r in g re p o r ts o r p arts
o f la r g e r and m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r ts .
O p e ra te s m o r e d iffic u lt tabulating o r e le c t r ic a l a c ­
counting m a ch in es such as the ta b u la to r and c a lc u la to r, in addition to the s im p le r m ach in es
used by c la s s C o p e r a to r s . M a y be re q u ire d to do som e w ir in g fr o m d ia g ra m s . M ay tra in
new e m p lo y e e s in b a s ic m ach in e o p e ra tio n s .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C la s s A . O p e ra te s a sin g le- o r m u ltip le -p o s itio n telep h on e sw itch b oard handling in co m in g,
ou tgoin g, in tra p la n t o r o ffic e c a lls . P e r fo r m s fu ll telep h on e in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e o r handles
c o m p le x c a lls , such as c o n fe re n c e , c o lle c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s im ila r c a lls , e ith e r in ad d ition to
doing rou tin e w o rk as d e s c r ib e d fo r sw itch b o a rd o p e r a to r , c la s s B, o r as a fu ll- t im e
a ssign m en t. ( " F u l l " telep h on e in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e o c c u rs when the e sta b lish m en t has v a r ie d
functions that a r e not r e a d ily u n derstan dable fo r telep h on e in fo rm a tio n p u rp o ses, e .g ., because
o f o v e rla p p in g o r in te r r e la te d fu n ction s, and con seq u en tly p re s e n t freq u en t p ro b le m s as to
which ex ten sio n s a r e a p p ro p ria te fo r c a lls .)

C la s s C . U nder s p e c ific in s tru c tio n s , o p e ra te s sim p le tabu lating o r e le c t r ic a l accounting
m ach in es such as the s o r t e r , in t e r p r e t e r , rep ro d u cin g punch, c o lla to r , e tc.
A ssig n m en ts
ty p ic a lly in v o lv e p o rtio n s o f a w o rk unit, fo r e x a m p le , in d ivid u al s o rtin g o r c o lla tin g runs,
o r r e p e titiv e o p e ra tio n s . M a y p e r fo r m s im p le w ir in g fr o m d ia g ra m s , and do som e filin g w o rk .
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L

C la s s B. O p e ra te s a sin gle- o r m u ltip le -p o s itio n telep h on e sw itch b oard handling in co m in g,
ou tgoin g, in tra p la n t o r o ffic e c a lls . M a y handle rou tin e lon g d istan ce c a lls and r e c o r d to lls .
M a y p e r fo r m lim ite d telep h on e in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e . (" L i m i t e d " teleph on e in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e
o c c u rs i f the functions o f the e sta b lish m en t s e r v ic e d a re r e a d ily understandable fo r teleph on e
in fo rm a tio n p u rp o s e s , o r i f the req u ests a r e rou tin e, e .g ., g iv in g e x ten sio n num bers when
s p e c ific nam es a r e fu rn ish ed , o r i f c o m p le x c a lls a r e r e fe r r e d to an oth er o p e r a to r .)

P r im a r y duty is to tr a n s c r ib e d icta tio n in v o lv in g a n o rm a l rou tine v o c a b u la ry fro m
tr a n s c rib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a ls o typ e fr o m w ritte n cop y and do s im p le c le r ic a l w o rk .
W o rk e rs tr a n s c r ib in g d icta tio n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la ry such as
le g a l b r ie fs o r re p o rts on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h a r e not inclu ded.
A w o r k e r who ta k es d icta tion
in shorthand o r by Stenotype o r sim ila r-m a c h in e is c la s s ifie d as a s ten o g ra p h er.
T Y P IS T

T h e s e c la s s ific a tio n s do not inclu de sw itch b oa rd o p e ra to rs in telep h on e com p an ies who
a s s is t c u s to m e rs in p la c in g c a lls .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T IO N IS T
In addition to p e r fo r m in g du ties o f o p e r a to r on a s in g le -p o s itio n o r m o n ito r -ty p e sw itc h ­
b o a rd , acts as re c e p tio n is t and m a y a ls o typ e o r p e r fo r m rou tin e c le r ic a l w o rk as p a rt o f re g u la r
d u ties.
T h is typ in g o r c le r ic a l w o rk m a y take the m a jo r p a rt o f th is w o r k e r 's tim e w h ile at
sw itch b o a rd .
T A B U L A T IN G - M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

U ses a t y p e w r ite r to m ake co p ie s o f v a rio u s m a te r ia ls o r to m ake out b ills a fte r c a lc u la ­
tion s have been m ade by another p e rs o n . M a y include typin g o f s te n c ils , m a ts , o r s im ila r m a te ­
r ia ls fo r use in d u p licatin g p r o c e s s e s . M a y do c le r ic a l w o rk in v o lv in g lit t le s p e c ia l tra in in g , such
as k eep in g s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and re p o r ts , o r so rtin g and d is trib u tin g in com in g m a il.
C la s s A . P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : T y p in g m a te r ia l in fin al fo rm when
it in v o lv e s com b in in g m a te r ia l fr o m s e v e r a l s o u rc e s ; o r r e s p o n s ib ility fo r c o r r e c t s p ellin g ,
s y lla b ic a tio n , punctuation, e tc ., o f tech n ica l o r unusual w ord s o r fo r e ig n language m a t e ­
r ia l; o r planning layou t and typ in g o f c o m p lic a te d s ta tis tic a l ta b le s to m ain tain u n ifo rm ity
and balan ce in sp acin g. M ay typ e rou tine fo r m le t t e r s , v a ry in g d e ta ils to suit c irc u m s ta n c e s .

(E le c t r ic A ccou n tin g M ach in e O p e ra to r)

O p e ra te s one o r a v a r ie t y o f m a ch in es such as the ta b u la to r, c a lc u la to r , c o lla to r , in t e r ­
p r e t e r , s o r t e r , re p ro d u c in g punch, e tc . E x clu d ed fr o m th is d e fin itio n a r e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s .
A ls o exclu d ed a r e o p e r a to r s o f e le c tr o n ic d ig ita l c o m p u te rs , e ven though th ey m a y a ls o o p e ra te
E A M equipm ent.

C la s s B . P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : C opy typing fr o m rough or c le a r
d ra fts ; o r rou tine typ in g o f fo r m s , in su ran ce p o lic ie s , etc .; o r settin g up s im p le standard
ta bu lation s; o r cop yin g m o r e c o m p le x ta b les a lre a d y set up and spaced p r o p e r ly .

P R O FE S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — Continued

CO M PUTER O PERATO R

o f new p ro g ra m s r e q u ire d ; a lte rn a te p ro g r a m s a r e p ro v id e d in c a s e o r ig in a l p ro g ra m needs
m a jo r change o r cannot be c o r r e c te d w ithin a rea so n a b le tim e .
In com m on e r r o r situ a ­
tio n s , d ia g n o ses cau se and takes c o r r e c t iv e a ction . T h is u su ally in v o lv e s a p p lyin g p r e v io u s ly
p ro g ra m m e d c o r r e c t iv e s te p s , o r u sin g stan dard c o r r e c t io n tech n iq u es.

M o n ito rs and o p e ra te s the c o n tro l co n s o le o f a d ig ita l co m p u ter to p r o c e s s data a cco rd in g
to o p e ra tin g in s tru c tio n s , u su a lly p re p a re d b y a p r o g r a m m e r . W o rk includes m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
Studies in s tru c tio n s to d e te r m in e equ ip m en t setup and o p e ra tio n s ; loads equ ip m en t w ith r e q u ir e d
ite m s (ta p e r e e ls , c a r d s , e t c .); sw itch es n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia r y equ ipm ent in to c ir c u it, and sta rts
and o p e ra te s c o m p u ter; m a k es adju stm ents to co m p u ter to c o r r e c t o p era tin g p ro b le m s and m e e t
s p e c ia l con d ition s; r e v ie w s e r r o r s m ad e d u rin g o p e ra tio n and d e te rm in e s cau se o r r e f e r s p ro b le m
to s u p e r v is o r o r p r o g r a m m e r ; and m aintains o p e ra tin g r e c o r d s . M a y te s t and a s s is t in c o r r e c tin g
program .
F o r w age study p u rp o s e s ,

co m p u ter o p e r a to r s a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A .
O p era tes in d ep en d en tly, o r under o n ly g e n e r a l d ire c tio n , a co m p u ter running
p ro g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c te r is tic s :
N e w p ro g ra m s a r e fre q u e n tly te s te d
and in trod u ced ; sch edu lin g re q u ire m e n ts a r e o f c r it ic a l im p o rta n ce to m in im iz e dow ntim e;
the p ro g r a m s a r e o f c o m p le x d e s ig n so that id e n tific a tio n o f e r r o r s o u rc e o ften re q u ir e s a
w o rk in g k n ow led ge o f the to ta l p r o g r a m , and a lte rn a te p ro g ra m s m a y not be a v a ila b le . M a y
g iv e d ir e c tio n and guidance to lo w e r le v e l o p e r a to r s .
C la s s B .
O p e ra te s in depen den tly, o r under o n ly g e n e r a l d ire c tio n , a co m p u ter running
p ro g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c te r is tic s : M o s t o f the p ro g r a m s a r e esta b lis h e d
p rod u ction ru n s, t y p ic a lly run on a r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; th e re is lit t le o r no te s tin g




OR
O p e ra te s under d ir e c t s u p e rv is io n a co m p u ter running p ro g r a m s o r segm en ts o f p ro g ra m s
w ith the c h a r a c te r is tic s d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A . M ay a s s is t a h ig h e r le v e l o p e ra to r by in d e ­
pen den tly p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta sk s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt tasks fo llo w in g
d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s and w ith fre q u e n t r e v ie w o f o p e ra tio n s p e r fo r m e d .
C la s s C . W ork s on rou tin e p ro g ra m s u nder c lo s e su p e rv is io n .
Is e x p ected to d e v e lo p
w o rk in g k n o w led ge o f the co m p u ter equ ipm ent used and a b ility to d e te c t p ro b le m s in v o lv e d in
running rou tin e p r o g r a m s . U su a lly has r e c e iv e d som e fo rm a l tra in in g in co m p u ter op era tion .
M a y a s s is t h ig h e r le v e l o p e r a to r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
COM PUTER

PRO G RAM M ER,

BU SINESS

C o n v e rts statem en ts o f b u sin ess p ro b le m s , t y p ic a lly p r e p a re d b y a s y s te m s a n a lyst, in to a
sequ en ce o f d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s w hich a r e r e q u ir e d to s o lv e the p ro b le m s by au tom atic data p r o c ­
e s s in g equ ipm en t. W ork in g fr o m c h a rts o r d ia g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s the p r e c is e in ­
stru ction s w hich, when e n te re d into the co m p u ter s y s te m in coded lan gu age, cau se the m an ipu lation

24

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS— Continued

COMPUTER PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS— Continued
of data to a c h ie v e d e s ir e d re s u lts . W o rk in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : A p p lie s k n ow led ge o f
co m p u ter c a p a b ilitie s , m a th e m a tic s , lo g ic e m p lo y e d by c o m p u te rs , and p a rtic u la r su b ject m a tte r
in v o lv e d to a n a ly ze c h a rts and d ia g ra m s o f the p r o b le m to be p ro g ra m m e d ; d ev e lo p s sequ en ce
o f p r o g r a m step s; w r ite s d e ta ile d flo w ch a rts to show o r d e r in w hich data w i l l be p ro c e s s e d ;
c o n v e rts th e s e c h a rts to coded in s tru c tio n s f o r m ach in e to fo llo w ; te s ts and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ;
p r e p a r e s in s tru c tio n s f o r o p era tin g p e rs o n n e l during p rod u ction run; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lte r s
p ro g r a m s to in c r e a s e o p era tin g e ffic ie n c y o r adapt to new re q u ire m e n ts ; m ain tain s re c o r d s of
p r o g r a m d evelo p m en t and re v is io n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g both sy s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o ­
g ra m m in g should be c la s s ifie d as s y s te m s a n a lysts i f th is is the s k ill used to d e te rm in e th e ir p a y .)

e v e r y ite m o f each typ e is a u to m a tic a lly p r o c e s s e d throu gh the fu ll s y s te m o f re c o r d s and
a p p ro p ria te fo llo w u p actio n s a re in itia te d by the com p u ter.) C o n fe rs w ith p e rso n s co n cern ed to
d e te rm in e the data p r o c e s s in g p ro b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c t-m a tte r p e rs o n n e l on the im p lic a ­
tion s o f new o r r e v is e d s y s te m s o f data p r o c e s s in g o p e ra tio n s . M ak es reco m m en d a tio n s, i f
need ed , fo r a p p ro v a l o f m a jo r s y s te m s in s ta lla tio n s o r changes and fo r obtaining equipm ent.
M a y p r o v id e fu n ction al
a s s is t.

to lo w e r

le v e l s y s te m s a n a lysts who a r e assign ed to

C la s s B .
W ork s in d ep en d en tly o r under o n ly g e n e ra l d ir e c tio n on p ro b le m s that a re
r e la t iv e ly u n co m p lica ted to a n a ly ze , plan, p r o g r a m , and o p e ra te . P ro b le m s a r e o f lim ite d
c o m p le x ity b ecau se so u rc e s o f input data a r e hom ogeneou s and the output data a re c lo s e ly
r e la te d .
(F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s s y s te m s fo r m a in ta in in g d e p o s ito r accounts in a bank,
m ain ta in in g accounts r e c e iv a b le in a r e t a il esta b lis h m e n t, o r m a in ta in in g in v e n to ry accounts
in a m an u factu rin g o r w h o le s a le e s ta b lis h m e n t.) C o n fe rs w ith p erso n s c o n cern ed to d eterm in e
the data p r o c e s s in g p ro b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c t-m a tte r p e rso n n el on the im p lic a tio n s o f the
data p r o c e s s in g s y s te m s to be ap p lied .

D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily re s p o n s ib le fo r the m an agem en t o r s u p e rv is io n of
o th er e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o g r a m m e r s p r im a r ily con c e rn e d w ith s c ie n tific
and/or en g in e e rin g p ro b le m s .
F o r w a ge study p u rp o s e s ,

d ir e c tio n

p r o g r a m m e r s a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W o rk s in depen den tly o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on c o m p le x p ro b le m s w hich
re q u ir e c o m p eten ce in a ll p hases o f p ro g ra m m in g con cep ts and p r a c tic e s . W o rk in g fr o m d ia ­
g ra m s and ch a rts w h ich id e n tify the natu re o f d e s ir e d r e s u lts , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g steps to be
a c c o m p lis h e d , and the re la tio n s h ip s b etw een v a r io u s steps o f the p r o b le m s o lv in g rou tin e;
plans the fu ll ran ge o f p r o g ra m m in g action s n eed ed to e ffic ie n t ly u tiliz e the co m p u ter s y s te m
in a c h ie v in g d e s ir e d end p rod u cts.

OR
W ork s on a segm en t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s in g sch em e o r s y s te m , as d e s c rib e d fo r
c la s s A . W ork s in d ep en d en tly on rou tin e a ssig n m en ts and r e c e iv e s in stru ctio n and guidance
on c o m p le x a ssig n m en ts.
W ork is r e v ie w e d fo r a c c u ra c y o f ju dgm en t, com p lia n ce w ith
in s tru c tio n s , and to in s u re p r o p e r a lig n m en t w ith the o v e r a ll s y s te m .

A t th is l e v e l, p ro g ra m m in g is d iffic u lt b eca u se co m p u ter equipm ent m ust be o rg a n iz e d to
prod u ce s e v e r a l in t e r r e la t e d but d iv e r s e p rod u cts fr o m n u m erou s and d iv e r s e data e le m e n ts .
A w ide v a r ie t y and e x te n s iv e n u m b er o f in te rn a l p r o c e s s in g action s m ust o c c u r. T h is re q u ir e s
such action s as d evelo p m en t of com m on o p e ra tio n s w hich can be reu s e d , e sta b lish m en t o f
lin k age points b etw een o p e ra tio n s , a dju stm en ts to data when p ro g r a m re q u ire m e n ts e x c e e d
co m p u ter s to ra g e c a p a c ity , and su bstan tial m an ipu lation and reseq u en cin g of data e lem en ts
to fo r m a h igh ly in te g ra te d p r o g r a m .

C la s s C . W orks under im m e d ia te s u p e rv is io n , c a r r y in g out a n a ly s e s as assign ed , u su ally
o f a s in g le a c tiv ity .
A ss ig n m e n ts a re d esig n ed to d e v e lo p and expand p r a c tic a l e x p e rie n c e
in the a p p lica tio n o f p ro c e d u re s and s k ills r e q u ire d fo r sy s te m s a n a ly s is w o rk . F o r e x a m p le,
m a y a s s is t a h ig h e r le v e l s y s te m s a n a lyst by p re p a rin g the d e ta ile d s p e c ific a tio n s re q u ire d
by p r o g r a m m e r s fr o m in fo rm a tio n d ev e lo p e d by the h ig h er le v e l a n a lyst.

M a y p ro v id e fu n ction al d ire c tio n to lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s who a r e a ssig n ed to a s s is t.
DRAFTSM AN

C la s s B . W o rk s in depen den tly o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ire c tio n on r e la t iv e ly s im p le
p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le segm en ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n ts ) u su ally
p r o c e s s in fo rm a tio n to prod u ce data in tw o o r th re e v a r ie d sequ en ces o r fo r m a ts . R ep o rts
and lis tin g s a r e p rod u ced by r e fin in g , adapting, a r r a y in g , o r m aking m in o r addition s to o r
d eletio n s fr o m input data w h ich a r e r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W h ile nu m erou s re c o r d s m ay be
p r o c e s s e d , the data have been re fin e d in p r io r actio n s so that the a c c u ra c y and sequencing
o f data can be te s te d by using a fe w rou tine ch eck s.
T y p ic a lly , the p r o g r a m d ea ls w ith
rou tin e re c o r d -k e e p in g typ e o p e ra tio n s .

C la s s A . P la n s the gra p h ic p re s e n ta tio n o f c o m p le x ite m s havin g d is tin c tiv e design
fe a tu re s that d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m e s ta b lis h e d d ra ftin g p re c e d e n ts . W orks in c lo s e sup­
p o rt w ith the d esig n o r ig in a to r , and m a y re c o m m e n d m in o r d esig n changes.
A n a ly z e s the
e ffe c t o f each change on the d e ta ils o f fo r m , fu n ction , and p o s itio n a l re la tio n s h ip s o f c o m ­
ponents and p a rts .
W orks w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is ta n c e .
C o m p leted w o rk is
r e v ie w e d by d e s ig n o r ig in a to r fo r c o n s is te n c y w ith p r io r e n g in e e rin g d e term in a tio n s.
M ay
e ith e r p r e p a r e d ra w in g s, o r d ir e c t th e ir p re p a ra tio n by lo w e r le v e l d ra ftsm en .

OR

C la s s B . P e r fo r m s nonrou tine and c o m p le x d ra ftin g assign m en ts that re q u ir e the a p p li­
ca tio n o f m o s t o f the s ta n d a rd ized d ra w in g tech n iqu es r e g u la r ly used.
D uties ty p ic a lly in ­
v o lv e such w o rk as:
P r e p a r e s w o rk in g d ra w in gs o f su b a s s e m b lie s w ith ir r e g u la r shapes,
m u ltip le fu n ction s, and p r e c is e p o s itio n a l re la tio n s h ip s betw een com ponents; p re p a re s a r c h i­
te c tu r a l d ra w in gs fo r co n stru ctio n o f a building in clu din g d e ta il d ra w in gs o f foundations, w a ll
s e c tio n s , flo o r p lan s, and r o o f. U ses a cce p te d fo rm u la s and m anuals in m akin g n e c e s s a ry
com pu tation s to d e te rm in e qu an tities o f m a t e r ia ls to be used, load c a p a c itie s , stren gth s,
s t r e s s e s , e tc .
R e c e iv e s in itia l in s tru c tio n s , r e q u ire m e n ts , and a d v ic e fr o m s u p e rv is o r.
C o m p le te d w o rk is ch eck ed fo r te c h n ic a l adequacy.

W o rk s on c o m p le x p ro g r a m s (as d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A ) under c lo s e d ir e c tio n o f a h ig h e r
l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r . M a y a s s is t h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r by in depen den tly p e r ­
fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt tasks a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt tasks under f a ir ly c lo s e
d ire c tio n .
M a y guide o r in stru ct lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s C . M a k es p r a c tic a l a p p lica tio n s o f p r o g ra m m in g p r a c tic e s and con cepts u su ally
le a rn e d in fo r m a l tra in in g c o u rs e s . A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d es ig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p eten ce in the
a p p lication o f stan dard p ro c e d u re s to rou tin e p ro b le m s . R e c e iv e s c lo s e s u p e rv is io n on n ew
a sp ects o f a ssig n m en ts; and w o rk is r e v ie w e d to v e r i f y its a c c u ra c y and c o n fo rm a n c e w ith
r e q u ir e d p ro c e d u re s .

C la s s C . P r e p a r e s d e ta il d ra w in g s o f s in g le units o r p a rts fo r e n g in e e rin g , con stru ction ,
m a n u fa ctu rin g, o r r e p a ir p u rp o ses. T y p es o f d ra w in g s p re p a re d in clu d e is o m e t r ic p ro je c tio n s
(d e p ic tin g th r e e d im en sio n s in a c c u ra te s c a le ) and se c tio n a l v ie w s to c la r ify p o sitio n in g o f
com pon en ts and c o n vey needed in fo rm a tio n . C o n s o lid a te s d e ta ils fr o m a num ber o f s o u rces
and adju sts o r tra n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ire d .
Su ggested m ethods o f approach , ap p lica b le
p re c e d e n ts , and a d v ic e on s o u rc e m a t e r ia ls a r e g iv e n w ith in itia l a ssign m en ts. In stru ction s
a r e le s s co m p le te when assign m en ts re c u r .
W ork m a y be sp ot-c h e c k e d during p r o g r e s s .

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BU SINESS
A n a ly z e s b u sin ess p ro b le m s to fo rm u la te p ro c e d u re s f o r s o lv in g th em by use o f e le c tr o n ic
data p ro c e s s in g equipm ent. D evelo p s a c o m p le te d e s c rip tio n o f a ll s p e c ific a tio n s n eed ed to enable
p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e r e q u ir e d d ig ita l co m p u ter p ro g r a m s .
W ork in v o lv e s m o st o f the
fo llo w in g : A n a ly z e s s u b je c t-m a tte r o p era tio n s to be a u tom ated and id e n tifie s con dition s and
c r it e r ia r e q u ire d to a c h ie v e s a tis fa c to r y r e s u lts ; s p e c ifie s n u m ber and typ es o f r e c o r d s , f il e s , and
docum ents to be used; ou tlin es actio n s to be p e r fo r m e d by p e rs o n n e l and com p u ters in s u ffic ie n t
d e ta il fo r p resen ta tio n to m an agem en t and f o r p r o g ra m m in g (ty p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p re p a ra tio n of
w ork and data flo w c h a rts ); co o rd in a te s the d evelo p m en t o f te s t p ro b le m s and p a rtic ip a te s in t r i a l
runs o f new and r e v is e d s y s te m s ; and re co m m en d s equ ipm ent changes to obtain m o r e e ffe c t iv e
o v e r a ll o p era tio n s. (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a ly sis and p ro g ra m m in g should
be c la s s ifie d as sy s te m s a n a lysts i f th is is the s k ill u sed to d e te rm in e t h e ir p a y .)
D oes not inclu de e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily re s p o n s ib le fo r the m an agem en t o r su p e rv is io n
o f oth er e le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r s y s te m s a n a lysts p r im a r ily c o n cern ed w ith
s c ie n tific o r e n g in e e rin g p ro b le m s .
F o r w age study p u rp o s e s ,

C o p ies plans and d ra w in gs p re p a re d by o th e rs by p la cin g tr a c in g cloth o r paper o v e r
d ra w in gs and tra c in g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
(D o es not in clu d e tr a c in g lim ite d to plans p r im a r ily
c o n s is tin g o f s tra ig h t lin e s and a la r g e s c a le not r e q u ir in g c lo s e d e lin e a tio n .)
AND/OR
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e titiv e d ra w in gs o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d ite m s .
d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

W ork is c lo s e ly su p e rv is e d

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N

s y s te m s a n a lysts a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W o rk s in depen den tly or under only g e n e r a l d ire c tio n on co m p le x p ro b le m s in ­
v o lv in g a ll p hases o f s y s te m a n a ly s is . P r o b le m s a r e c o m p le x b ecau se o f d iv e r s e s o u rc e s o f
input data and m u ltip le -u s e re q u ire m e n ts o f output data. (F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in te g ra te d
produ ction sch ed u lin g, in v e n to ry c o n tro l, co s t a n a ly s is , and s a les a n a ly s is r e c o r d in w h ich




DRAFTSM AN- TRACER

W ork s on v a rio u s typ es o f e le c tr o n ic equ ipm ent and re la te d d e v ic e s by p e r fo r m in g one
o r a com b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g : In s ta llin g , m a in ta in in g, r e p a ir in g , o v e rh a u lin g , tro u b lesh o o tin g ,
m o d ify in g , co n stru ctin g , and te s tin g . W ork re q u ir e s p r a c tic a l a p p lic a tio n o f te c h n ic a l kn ow ledge
o f e le c tr o n ic s p r in c ip le s , a b ility to d e te rm in e m a lfu n ctio n s, and slcill to put equ ipm ent in re q u ire d
o p e ra tin g con dition .

25

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN— Continued

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN— Continued

T h e equ ipm en t— c o n s is tin g o f e ith e r m an y d iffe r e n t kinds o f c ir c u its o r m u ltip le re p e titio n
o f the sam e kind o f c ir c u it— in c lu d e s , but is not lim ite d to , the fo llo w in g : (a ) E le c tr o n ic tr a n s ­
m ittin g and r e c e iv in g equ ip m en t (e . g . , r a d a r , ra d io , te le v is io n , telep h o n e, s o n a r, n a v ig a tio n a l
a id s ), (b ) d ig ita l and a n a log c o m p u te rs , and (c ) in d u s tria l and m e d ic a l m e a s u rin g and c o n tro llin g
equ ipm en t.

R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l gu id an ce, as r e q u ire d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r le v e l tech n icia n ,
and w o rk is re v ie w e d fo r s p e c ific co m p lia n c e w ith a cce p te d p r a c tic e s and w o rk a s s ig n m e n ts .
M a y p r o v id e te c h n ic a l gu idan ce to lo w e r l e v e l tech n icia n s.
C la s s C . A p p lie s w o rk in g te c h n ic a l k n ow led ge to p e r fo r m s im p le o r rou tin e tasks in
w o rk in g on e le c tr o n ic equ ipm en t, fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s w hich c o v e r v ir t u a lly a ll
p ro c e d u r e s .
W o rk t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s such tasks as: A s s is tin g h ig h e r le v e l tech n icia n s by
p e r fo r m in g such a c t iv it ie s as r e p la c in g com pon en ts, w ir in g c ir c u its , and takin g te s t rea d in gs;
r e p a ir in g s im p le e le c tr o n ic equ ipm en t; and using to o ls and com m on te s t in stru m en ts (e .g .,
m u ltim e te r s , audio s ig n a l g e n e r a to r s , tube t e s t e r s , o s c illo s c o p e s ).
Is not r e q u ir e d to be
f a m ilia r w ith the in te r r e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s . T h is k n o w led ge, h o w e v e r , m a y be a c q u ire d
throu gh a ss ig n m e n ts d es ig n e d to in c r e a s e c o m p eten ce (in clu d in g c la s s r o o m tra in in g ) so that
w o r k e r can ad van ce to h ig h e r le v e l te ch n icia n .

T h is c la s s ific a t io n ex c lu d e s r e p a ir m e n o f such stan d ard e le c tr o n ic equ ipm en t as com m on
o ffic e m a ch in es and h ou seh old ra d io and te le v is io n s ets; p ro d u ctio n a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k ­
e r s w h ose p r im a r y duty is s e r v ic in g e le c tr o n ic te s t in stru m en ts; tech n icia n s who have a d m in is ­
t r a t iv e o r s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s ib ility ; and d ra fts m e n , d e s ig n e r s , and p r o fe s s io n a l e n g in e e rs .
P o s itio n s a r e c la s s ifie d in to le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A .
A p p lie s advan ced te c h n ic a l k n o w led ge to s o lv e u nusually c o m p le x p ro b le m s
(i. e . , th o s e ^ h a t ty p ic a lly cannot be s o lv e d s o le ly by r e fe r e n c e to m a n u fa c tu re rs ' m anuals o r
s im ila r d ocu m en ts) in w o rk in g on e le c tr o n ic equ ipm en t. E x a m p les o f such p ro b le m s in clu de
lo c a tio n and d e n s ity o f c ir c u it r y , e le c t r o - m a g n e t ic ra d ia tio n , is o la tin g m a lfu n ctio n s, and
fre q u e n t e n g in e e rin g ch an ges. W ork in v o lv e s : A d e ta ile d u nderstanding o f the in t e r r e la t io n ­
ships o f c ir c u its ; e x e r c is in g independent ju d gm en t in p e r fo r m in g such task s as m ak in g c ir c u it
a n a ly s e s , c a lc u la tin g w a ve fo r m s , tr a c in g re la tio n s h ip s in sign a l flo w ; and r e g u la r ly using
c o m p le x te s t in stru m en ts (e .g ., dual tr a c e o s c illo s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia tio n m e t e r s , pulse
g e n e r a to r s ).

R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l gu idan ce, as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r le v e l tech n icia n .
W ork is ty p ic a lly spot ch eck ed , but is g iv e n d e ta ile d r e v ie w when n ew o r ad van ced assign m en ts
a re in v o lv e d .

N U R S E , IN D U S T R IA L (R e g is t e r e d )
A r e g is t e r e d n u rse who g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e under g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ir e c tio n to i l l o r
in ju re d e m p lo y e e s o r o th er p e rs o n s who b e co m e i l l o r s u ffe r an a cc id e n t on the p r e m is e s o f a
fa c t o r y o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t. D uties in v o lv e a com b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g : G iv in g f ir s t aid
to the i l l o r in ju red ; attending to subsequent d re s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k eep in g re c o r d s
o f patien ts tre a te d ; p re p a rin g a cc id e n t re p o r ts fo r com p en sa tio n o r o th e r p u rp o ses; a s s is tin g in
p h y s ic a l exa m in a tion s and h ealth e v a lu a tio n s o f ap p lican ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y ­
ing-out p ro g r a m s in v o lv in g h ealth ed u cation , a ccid en t p r e v e n tio n , eva lu a tio n o f plant e n viro n m en t,
o r o th er a c t iv itie s a ffe c tin g the h ealth, w e lfa r e , and s a fe ty o f a ll p e rs o n n e l. N u rsin g s u p e r v is o r s
o r h e a d n u r s e s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th a n o n e n u r s e a r e e x c lu d e d .

W ork m a y be r e v ie w e d by s u p e r v is o r (fr e q u e n tly an e n g in e e r o r d e s ig n e r ) f o r g e n e ra l
c o m p lia n c e w ith a c cep ted p ra c tic e s . M a y p ro v id e te c h n ic a l guidance to lo w e r le v e l tec h n ic ia n s .
C la s s B.
A p p lie s c o m p re h e n s iv e te c h n ic a l k n ow led ge to so lv e c o m p le x p ro b le m s (i. e . ,
th ose that ty p ic a lly can be s o lv e d s o le ly by p r o p e r ly in te r p r e tin g m a n u fa c tu re rs ' m anuals o r
s im ila r d o cu m en ts) in w o rk in g on e le c tr o n ic equ ip m en t. W o rk in v o lv e s : A fa m ilia r it y w ith
the in te r r e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u its ; and ju d gm en t in d e te rm in in g w o rk sequ en ce and in s e le c tin g
to o ls and te s tin g in s tru m e n ts , u su a lly le s s c o m p le x than th ose used by the c la s s A tech n icia n .

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D PO W ER P LA N T
C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

F IR E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R

P e r fo r m s th e c a r p e n tr y du ties n e c e s s a r y to c o n s tru c t and m a in ta in in good r e p a ir b u ild ­
in g w o o d w o rk and equ ipm en t such as b in s, c r ib s , c o u n te rs , ben ch es, p a r titio n s , d o o rs , flo o r s ,
s ta ir s , c a s in g s , and t r im m ad e o f w ood in an esta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
P la n n in g and la y in g out o f w o rk fr o m b lu ep rin ts, d ra w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tru c tio n s ; using a
v a r ie t y o f c a r p e n te r 's h an d tools, p o rta b le p o w e r to o ls , and stan dard m e a s u rin g in stru m en ts; m a k ­
in g stan dard shop com pu tation s re la tin g to d im en sio n s o f w o rk ; and s e le c tin g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y
f o r the w o rk .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce c a rp e n te r re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ire d throu gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r eq u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

F ir e s s ta tio n a ry b o ile r s to fu rn ish the es ta b lis h m e n t in w hich e m p lo y e d w ith h ea t, p o w e r,
o r s tea m . F e e d s fu els to f i r e by hand o r o p e ra te s a m e c h a n ic a l s to k e r, g a s , o r o il bu rn er; and
ch eck s w a te r and s a fe ty v a lv e s .
M a y cle a n , o i l , o r a s s is t in r e p a ir in g b o ile r r o o m equipm ent.

E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r fo r m s a v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic a l tra d e fu n ction s such as the in s ta lla tio n , m a in ten a n ce, o r
r e p a ir o f equ ipm en t f o r the g e n e ra tio n , d is trib u tio n , o r u tiliz a tio n o f e le c t r ic e n e r g y in an e s ta b ­
lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g ; In s ta llin g o r re p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie t y o f e l e c ­
t r ic a l equ ipm en t such as g e n e r a to r s , t r a n s fo r m e r s , sw itc h b o a rd s , c o n t r o lle r s , c ir c u it b r e a k e r s ,
m o to r s , h eatin g u nits, conduit s y s te m s , o r o th er tr a n s m is s io n equipm ent; w o rk in g fr o m b lu e ­
p rin ts , d ra w in g s , la yo u ts, o r o th e r s p e c ific a tio n s ; lo c a tin g and d iagn osin g tro u b le in the e le c t r ic a l
s y s te m o r equ ipm en t; w o rk in g stan dard com pu tation s r e la tin g to load re q u ire m e n ts o f w ir in g o r
e le c t r ic a l equ ipm en t; and u sin g a v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic ia n 's handtools and m e a s u rin g and te s tin g
in stru m en ts.
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in ten an ce e le c t r ic ia n re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ire d throu gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .

E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O p e ra te s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e rv is e the o p e ra tio n o f s ta tio n a ry en gin es and
equ ipm en t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e le c t r ic a l) to supply the esta b lis h m e n t in w hich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r,
h eat, r e fr ig e r a t io n , o r a ir - c o n d itio n in g .
W ork in v o lv e s :
O p era tin g and m a in ta in in g equipm ent
such as stea m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a to r s , m o to r s , tu rb in es, v e n tila tin g and r e f r i g ­
e r a tin g equ ipm en t, stea m b o ile r s and b o ile r - fe d w a te r pum ps; m akin g equ ip m en t r e p a ir s ; and
k eep in g a r e c o r d o f o p e ra tio n o f m a c h in e ry , t e m p e r a tu r e , and fu e l con su m ption . M a y a ls o su­
p e r v is e th e s e o p e ra tio n s .
H ead o r c h ie f e n g in e e rs in e sta b lish m en ts em p lo y in g m o r e than one
e n g in e e r a r e e x c lu d e d .




H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S
A s s is t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m a in ten a n ce tr a d e s , by p e r fo r m in g s p e c ific
o r g e n e r a l du ties o f le s s e r s k ill, such as k eep in g a w o r k e r su p p lied w ith m a t e r ia ls and to o ls ;
clea n in g w o rk in g a r e a , m a c h in e , and equipm ent; a s s is tin g jo u rn ey m a n by h old in g m a te r ia ls o r
to o ls ; and p e r fo r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d ta sk s as d ir e c te d b y jo u rn ey m a n .
T h e kind o f w o rk the
h e lp e r is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m v a r ie s fr o m tra d e to tra d e : In som e tra d e s the h e lp e r is con fin ed
to su pplyin g, liftin g , and h oldin g m a t e r ia ls and to o ls , and clea n in g w o rk in g a r e a s ; and in oth e rs
he is p e rm itte d to p e r fo r m s p e c ia liz e d m ach in e o p e ra tio n s , o r p a rts o f a tra d e that a re a ls o
p e r fo r m e d by w o r k e r s on a fu ll- t im e b a s is .

M A C H IN E - T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O L R O O M
S p e c ia liz e s in the o p e ra tio n o f one o r m o r e ty p es o f m ach in e to o ls , such as j i g b o r e r s ,
c y lin d r ic a l o r s u rfa c e g r in d e r s , en gin e la th es, o r m illin g m a c h in e s , in the c o n stru ctio n o f
m a c h in e -s h o p to o ls , g a u g es, jig s , fix tu r e s , o r d ie s . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Plan n in g
and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m a ch in in g o p e ra tio n s ; p ro c e s s in g ite m s r e q u ir in g c o m p lic a te d setups o r
a high d e g r e e o f a c c u ra c y ; using a v a r ie t y o f p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in stru m en ts; s e le c tin g fe e d s ,
sp e e d s , to o lin g , and o p e ra tio n sequ en ce; and m ak in g n e c e s s a r y a dju stm en ts d u rin g o p e ra tio n
to a c h ie v e r e q u is ite to le r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s .
M a y be r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e when to o ls need
d r e s s in g , to d r e s s to o ls , and to s e le c t p r o p e r coola n ts and cu ttin g and lu b ric a tin g o ils .
For
c r o s s - in d u s tr y w a ge study p u rp o s e s , m a c h in e -to o l o p e r a to r s , to o lr o o m , in to o l and d ie job b in g
shops a re ex clu d ed fr o m th is c la s s ific a tio n .
M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E
P ro d u c e s re p la c e m e n t p a rts and n ew p a rts in m a k in g r e p a ir s o f m e ta l p a rts o f m e c h a n ic a l
equ ipm en t o p e ra te d in an esta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In te rp re tin g w ritte n
in s tru c tio n s and s p e c ific a tio n s ; planning and la y in g out o f w o rk ; usin g a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in is t's

26

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE

handtools and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in stru m en ts; settin g up and o p era tin g stan dard m a ch in e to o ls ;
shaping o f m e ta l p a rts to c lo s e to le r a n c e s ; m ak in g stan dard shop com pu tations r e la tin g to d im e n ­
sion s o f w o rk , to o lin g , fe e d s , and speeds o f m a ch in in g; k n ow led ge o f the w o rk in g p r o p e r tie s o f
the com m on m e ta ls ; s e le c tin g stan d ard m a t e r ia ls , p a rts , and equ ipm ent r e q u ir e d fo r his w ork ;
and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a rts into m e c h a n ic a l equ ipm en t.
In g e n e ra l, the m a c h in is t's w o rk
n o rm a lly r e q u ir e s a rounded tr a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p p r a c tic e u su ally a c q u ire d through a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g , and e x p e r ie n c e .

P a in ts and r e d e c o r a te s w a lls , w o o d w o rk , and fix tu r e s o f an esta b lish m en t. W ork in v o lv e s
the fo llo w in g ; K n o w led g e o f s u rfa c e p e c u lia r itie s and ty p es o f paint r e q u ir e d fo r d iffe r e n t a p p lic a ­
tio n s; p re p a rin g s u rfa c e fo r p ain tin g by r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r by p la cin g putty o r f i l l e r in n ail
h o le s and in te r s tic e s ; and a p p lyin g paint w ith s p ra y gun o r brush. M a y m ix c o lo r s , o ils , white
lea d , and o th e r paint in g re d ie n ts to obtain p r o p e r c o lo r o r co n s is te n c y . In g e n e ra l, the w ork o f the
m a in ten an ce p a in te r re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ired through a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M a in ten a n ce)
R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u ses, m o to r tr u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an esta b lis h m e n t. W ork in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g au to m o tive equ ipm en t to d iagn ose s o u rc e o f tro u b le ; d is ­
a s s e m b lin g equ ip m en t and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that in v o lv e the use o f such handtools as w re n c h e s ,
g a u g es, d r i l l s , o r s p e c ia liz e d equ ipm en t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a rts ; re p la c in g b rok en o r
d e fe c tiv e p a rts fr o m stock ; g rin d in g and a d ju stin g v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and in s ta llin g the v a rio u s
a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le and m ak in g n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm en ts; and alig n in g w h e e ls , ad ju stin g b rak es
and lig h ts , o r tigh ten in g body b o lts . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the au to m o tive m ech a n ic r e q u ir e s
rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ire d throu gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r eq u iva len t
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
T h is c la s s ific a t io n d oes not in clu d e m e c h a n ic s who r e p a ir c u s to m e r s ' v e h ic le s in au to­
m o b ile r e p a ir shops.

M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a ir s m a c h in e ry o r m e c h a n ic a l equ ipm ent o f an e s ta b lish m en t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t
o f the fo llo w in g : E xa m in in g m a ch in es and m e c h a n ic a l equ ipm ent to d ia gn o se s o u rc e o f tro u b le;
d ism a n tlin g o r p a r tly d is m a n tlin g m a ch in es and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly in v o lv e the use
o f handtools in s c ra p in g and fittin g p a rts ; r e p la c in g b rok en o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts w ith ite m s obtained
fr o m stock; o r d e r in g the p ro d u ctio n o f a re p la c e m e n t p a rt by a m ach in e shop o r sending o f the
m ach in e to a m a ch in e shop fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s ; p r e p a r in g w r itte n s p e c ific a tio n s fo r m a jo r re p a ir s
o r f o r the p ro d u ctio n o f p a rts o r d e r e d fr o m m ach in e shop; r e a s s e m b lin g m a ch in es; and m akin g
a ll n e c e s s a r y a dju stm en ts fo r o p e ra tio n . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f a m ain ten an ce m ech an ic re q u ir e s
rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ire d through a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ iva len t
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E xclu d ed fr o m th is c la s s ific a tio n a r e w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y du ties
in v o lv e settin g up o r a d ju stin g m a ch in es.

M IL L W R IG H T
In s ta lls n ew m a ch in es o r h e a v y equ ip m en t, and d ism a n tles and in s ta lls m ach in es o r h ea vy
equ ipm ent when changes in the plant layou t a re re q u ire d . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
Plan n in g and la y in g out o f the w o rk ; in te r p r e tin g b lu ep rin ts o r o th er s p e c ific a tio n s ; using a v a r ie t y
o f handtools and r ig g in g ; m ak in g stan dard shop com pu tations r e la tin g to s t r e s s e s , stren gth o f
m a t e r ia ls , and c e n te rs o f g r a v ity ; alig n in g and b alan cin g o f equipm ent; s e le c tin g standard to o ls ,
equ ipm en t, and p a rts to be used; and in s ta llin g and m ain ta in in g in good o r d e r p o w e r tra n s m is s io n
equ ipm ent such aa d r iv e s and speed re d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t 's w o rk n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s
a rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in the tra d e a c q u ire d throu gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r
eq u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

In s ta lls o r r e p a ir s w a te r , s tea m , gas, o r o th e r ty p es o f pipe and p ip e fittin g s in an
esta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : L a y in g out o f w o rk and m e a s u rin g to lo ca te
p o s itio n o f p ip e fr o m d ra w in gs o r o th er w r itte n s p e c ific a tio n s ; cutting v a rio u s s iz e s o f pipe to
c o r r e c t lengths w ith c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e to rc h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a ch in es; th read in g
pip e w ith sto ck s and d ie s ; bending p ip e b y h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m ach in es; assem b lin g
pip e w ith cou p lin gs and fa sten in g pip e to h a n g ers; m a k in g standard shop com putations re la tin g to
p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f pip e r e q u ire d ; and m akin g standard te s ts to d e te rm in e w hether fin ­
is h e d p ip es m e e t s p e c ific a tio n s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce p ip e fitte r r e q u ire s
rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ire d through a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r equ ivalen t
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . W o rk e rs p r im a r ily en gaged in in s ta llin g and re p a ir in g building sanitation
o r h eatin g s y s te m s a r e e x c lu d e d .
S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
F a b r ic a te s , in s ta lls , and m a in ta in s in good r e p a ir the s h e e t-m e ta l equipm ent and fix tu re s
(such as m ach in e gu ard s, g r e a s e pans, s h e lv e s , lo c k e r s , tanks, v e n tila to r s , chutes, ducts, m e ta l
ro o fin g ) o f an esta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g ; Plan n in g and layin g out a ll
typ es o f s h e e t-m e ta l m a in ten an ce w o rk fr o m b lu ep rin ts, m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c ific a tio n s ; settin g
up and o p e ra tin g a ll a v a ila b le ty p es o f s h e e t-m e ta l w o rk in g m a ch in es; usin g a v a r ie t y o f handtools
in cutting, bending, fo r m in g , shaping, fittin g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s ta llin g s h e e t-m e ta l a r tic le s
as r e q u ir e d .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r re q u ir e s rounded
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ire d throu gh a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r eq u ivalen t tra in in g
and e x p e rie n c e .
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
C on stru cts and r e p a ir s m a ch in e-sh o p to o ls , gau ges, jig s , fix tu r e s o r d ies fo r fo rg in g s ,
punching, and o th e r m e ta l- fo r m in g w o rk .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and
la y in g out o f w o rk fr o m m o d e ls , b lu ep rin ts, d ra w in g s, o r oth er o r a l and w ritten s p e c ific a tio n s ;
using a v a r ie t y o f to o l and d ie m a k e r 's handtools and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in stru m en ts; under­
standing o f the w o rk in g p r o p e r tie s o f com m on m e ta ls and a llo y s ; settin g up and o p era tin g o f
m ach in e to o ls and r e la te d equipm ent; m ak in g n e c e s s a r y shop com putations re la tin g to dim ensions
o f w o rk , s p eed s, fe e d s , and to o lin g o f m a ch in es; h e a t-tre a tin g o f m e ta l p a rts during fa b ric a tio n
as w e ll as o f fin is h e d to o ls and d ie s to a c h ie v e re q u ire d q u a litie s ; w o rk in g to c lo s e to le ra n c e s ;
fittin g and a s s e m b lin g o f p a rts to p r e s c r ib e d to le r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s ; and s e le c tin g a p p ro p ria te
m a t e r ia ls , to o ls , and p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l, the to o l and d ie m a k e r 's w o rk r e q u ire s a rounded
tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and to o lr o o m p r a c tic e u su ally a c q u ire d through a fo r m a l ap p ren ticesh ip
o r eq u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s tr y w age study p u rp o ses,
shops a r e exclu d ed fr o m th is c la s s ific a tio n .

to o l and d ie m a k e rs in to o l

and die job b in g

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
GUARD AN D W ATCH M EN
Guard. P e r fo r m s rou tin e p o lic e duties, e ith e r at fix e d p o st o r on to u r, m a in ta in in g o r d e r ,
usin g a rm s o r fo r c e w h e re n e c e s s a r y . In clu des ga tem en who a r e station ed at gate and check
on id e n tity o f e m p lo y e e s and o th e r p e rs o n s e n te r in g .
W atch m an . M a k es rounds o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p ro te c tin g p r o p e r ty a ga in st f i r e ,
th e ft, and ille g a l en try .

L A B O R E R , M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G
A w o r k e r em p lo y e d in a w a reh o u se, m an u factu rin g plant, s to re , o r o th er estab lish m en t
w hose du ties in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : Load in g and unloading v a rio u s m a te r ia ls and
m e rc h a n d is e on o r fr o m fr e ig h t c a r s , tru c k s , o r o th er tra n s p o rtin g d e v ic e s ; unpacking, sh elvin g,
o r p la c in g m a t e r ia ls o r m e rc h a n d is e in p r o p e r s to ra g e lo ca tio n ; and tra n s p o rtin g m a te r ia ls or
m e rc h a n d is e by handtruck, c a r , o r w h e e lb a rro w . L o n g sh o rem en , who load and unload ships a re
ex clu d ed .

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R
O RD ER F IL L E R
C lea n s and k eep s in an o r d e r ly con d ition fa c t o r y w o rk in g a re a s and w a s h ro o m s , o r
p r e m is e s o f an o ffic e , ap a rtm en t h ou se, o r c o m m e r c ia l o r o th er esta b lish m en t. D u ties in v o lv e
a com b in ation o f the fo llo w in g : S w eep in g, m op p in g o r scru b b in g, and p o lis h in g flo o r s ; re m o v in g
ch ip s, tra s h , and o th e r re fu s e ; du stin g equ ipm en t, fu rn itu re , o r fix tu re s : p o lis h in g m e ta l f i x ­
tu res o r tr im m in g s ; p ro v id in g su pplies and m in o r m ain ten an ce s e r v ic e s ; and clea n in g la v a to r ie s ,
sh o w e rs , and r e s t r o o m s . W o rk e rs who s p e c ia liz e in w indow w ashing a r e e x c lu d e d .




F ills shipping o r t r a n s fe r o r d e r s fo r fin ish ed goods fr o m s to re d m e rc h a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
ance w ith s p e c ific a tio n s on s a le s s lip s , c u s to m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o th e r in stru ctio n s. M ay, in addition
to fillin g o r d e r s and in d ica tin g ite m s f ille d o r o m itted , keep r e c o r d s o f ou tgoin g o r d e r s , r e q u i­
sitio n ad d itio n a l stock o r re p o r t sh ort su pplies to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r fo r m o th er r e la te d du ties.

27

TRUCKDRIVER— Continued

PACKER, SHIPPING
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p rod u cts fo r sh ipm en t o r s to ra g e by p la cin g th em in shipping c o n ­
ta in e r s , the s p e c ific o p e ra tio n s p e r fo r m e d bein g dependent upon the ty p e , s iz e , and num ber
o f units to be pack ed , the typ e o f c o n ta in er e m p lo y e d , and m eth od o f shipm ent. W ork r e q u ir e s
the p la c in g o f ite m s in shipping c o n ta in e rs and m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g :
K n o w led g e o f v a r io u s ite m s o f stock in o r d e r to v e r i f y content; s e le c tio n o f a p p ro p ria te type
and s iz e o f c o n ta in e r; in s e r tin g e n c lo s u re s in co n ta in er; using e x c e ls io r o r o th e r m a t e r ia l to
p re v e n t b re a k a g e o r d am age; c lo s in g and s e a lin g c o n ta in e r; and applyin g la b e ls o r e n te rin g
id e n tify in g data on co n ta in e r.
P a c k e r s who a ls o m ake w ooden boxes o r c r a te s a r e e x c lu d e d .

fo llo w s :

F o r w age study p u rp o ses, t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c la s s ifie d by s iz e and typ e o f equ ipm en t, as
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r should be ra te d on the b a sis o f t r a i l e r c a p a c ity .)
T r u c k d r iv e r
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,

(co m b in a tio n o f s iz e s lis te d s e p a r a te ly )
lig h t (u n der l 1 ton s)
/*
m ed iu m (1 l/z to and in clu d in g 4 to n s)
h ea vy (o v e r 4 ton s, t r a i l e r ty p e )
h ea vy (o v e r 4 ton s, o th e r than t r a i l e r typ e)

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
TR U C K E R , POW ER
P r e p a r e s m e rc h a n d is e fo r shipm ent, o r r e c e iv e s and is re s p o n s ib le fo r in co m in g s h ip ­
m en ts o f m e rc h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r ia ls . Shipping w ork in v o lv e s : A k n ow led ge o f shipping p r o ­
c e d u re s , p r a c tic e s , ro u te s , a v a ila b le m ean s o f tra n s p o rta tio n , and ra te s ; and p re p a rin g r e c o r d s
o f the goods shipped, m akin g up b ills o f la d in g , p o stin g w eig h t and shipping c h a rg e s , and k eepin g
a file o f shipping r e c o r d s .
M a y d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p re p a rin g the m e rc h a n d is e fo r shipm ent.
R e c e iv in g w o rk in v o lv e s : V e r ify in g o r d ir e c tin g o th e rs in v e r ify in g the c o r r e c tn e s s o f shipm ents
a ga in st b ills o f la d in g, in v o ic e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; ch eck in g fo r s h o rta g es and r e je c tin g d a m ­
aged good s; rou tin g m e rc h a n d is e o r m a t e r ia ls to p r o p e r d ep a rtm en ts; and m a in ta in in g n e c e s s a r y
r e c o r d s and f ile s .
F o r w age study p u rp o s e s ,

w o r k e r s a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

R e c e iv in g c le r k
Shipping c le r k
Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k
T R U C K D R IV E R
D r iv e s a tru ck w ith in a c ity o r in d u s tria l a r e a to tra n s p o rt m a t e r ia ls , m e rc h a n d is e ,
equ ipm en t, o r m en b etw een v a rio u s ty p es o f esta b lis h m e n ts such a s: M an u factu rin g p lan ts, fr e ig h t
d ep o ts, w a re h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r b etw een r e t a il e sta b lish m en ts and
c u s to m e r s ' houses o r p la c e s o f b u sin ess. M a y a ls o load o r unload tru ck w ith o r w ithout h e lp e r s ,
m ak e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a ir s , and keep tru ck in good w o rk in g o r d e r .
D r iv e r - s a le s m e n and
o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e ex clu d ed .




O p e ra te s a m a n u a lly c o n tr o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c tr ic - p o w e r e d tru ck o r t r a c to r to tra n s p o rt
goods and m a te r ia ls o f a ll kinds about a w a reh o u se, m an u factu rin g plant, o r o th e r esta b lish m en t.
F o r w age study p u rp o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c la s s ifie d by typ e o f tru ck , as fo llo w s :
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (fo r k lift )
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (o th e r than fo r k lift )

W AREHOUSEM AN
A s d ir e c te d , p e r fo r m s a v a r ie t y o f w areh ou sin g duties which r e q u ir e an u nderstanding
o f the e s ta b lis h m e n t's s to ra g e p la n .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : V e r ify in g m a te r ia ls
(o r m e rc h a n d is e ) a ga in st r e c e iv in g d ocu m en ts, noting and re p o rtin g d is c r e p a n c ie s and obvious
d a m a ges; rou tin g m a t e r ia ls to p r e s c r ib e d s to ra g e lo c a tio n s ; s to rin g , stack in g, o r p a lle tiz in g
m a t e r ia ls in a c c o rd a n c e w ith p r e s c r ib e d s to ra g e m eth od s; re a rra n g in g and taking in v e n to ry o f
s to re d m a t e r ia ls ; ex a m in in g s to re d m a te r ia ls and re p o r tin g d e te r io r a tio n and dam age; re m o v in g
m a te r ia l fr o m s to r a g e and p re p a rin g it fo r shipm ent.
M ay o p e ra te hand o r p o w e r tru ck s in
p e r fo r m in g w a reh o u sin g du ties.
E xclu d e w o r k e r s w hose p r im a r y 'd u ties in v o lv e shipping and r e c e iv in g w ork (s e e shipping
and r e c e iv in g c le r k and p a c k e r, sh ip p in g), o r d e r f illin g (s e e o r d e r f i l l e r ) , o r o p e ra tin g p o w er
tru ck s (s e e t r u c k e r , p o w e r ).

Area W age Surveys
A lis t of the latest available bulletins or bulletin supplements is presented below. A d irecto ry of area wage studies including m ore lim ited studies
conducted at the request of the Employment Standards Adm inistration of the Department of Lab or is available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from any
of the BLS regional offices shown on the back cover, or fro m the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington, D.C., 20402.
Bulletin supplements may be obtained, without cost, only from BLS regional offices.
A rea

Bulletin number
and p rice

Akron, Ohio, Dec. 1972________________________________________ 1775-36, 40 cents
Albany—
Schenectady— ro y , N .Y ., M ar. 1973 1______________ 1775-62, 55 cents
T
Albuquerque, N. M ex., M ar. 1973_____________________________ 1775-52, 40 cents
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa.—
N.J., May 1973----------- -- 1775-90, 50 cents
Atlanta, Ga., May 1973__________ _____________________________ 1775-79, 40 cents
Austin, T e x ., Dec. 1972 1______________ ______________ ________ 1775-42, 40 cents
B altim ore, M d ., Aug. 1973__________________ __ _______________ Suppl.
F re e
Beaumont— o rt Arthur—
P
Orange, T e x ., May 1973 1 -------------- 1775-82, 40 cents
Binghamton, N.Y.—P a ., July 1973 1
__________________ ___ _____ 1795-1, I 55 cents
Birm ingham , A la ., M ar. 1973 1_______ ________________________ 1775-65, 55 cents
Boise City, Idaho, Nov. 1972 1 _______ __________________ _
1775-32, 50 cents
Boston, M ass., Aug. 1973___ __________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
Buffalo, N .Y ., Oct. 1972 1 ______________________________________ 1775-18, 65 cents
Burlington, V t., Dec. 1972 1 ___________________________________ 1775-28, 50 cents
Canton, Ohio, May 1973________________________ __ _________ _
1775-73, 40 cents
Charleston, W. V a., M ar. 1973________________________________ 1775-74, 40 cents
Charlotte, N .C ., Jan. 1973_____________________________________ 1775-39, 40 cents
Chattanooga, Tenn.—
Ga., Sept. 1973---------------------------------- Suppl.
F re e
Chicago, 111., May 1973________________________________________ 1775-88, 50 cents
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—
Ind., Feb. 1973-------------------------------- 1775-53, 50 cents
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1973---------------------------------------------- Suppl.
F re e
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1972 1___________________________________ 1775-23, 55 cents
Dallas, T e x ., Oct. 1972 1 ______________________________________ 1775-25, 75 cents
Davenport—
Rock Island— oline, Iowa—
M
111., Feb. 1973_______ — 1775-57, 40 cents
Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1972___________ ____________ ___________ __ 1775-34, 40 cents
Denver, C olo., Dec. 1972_______ _________________ _____ _____ 1775-35, 40 cents
Des M oines, Iowa, May 1973___________________ __________ _
1775-72, 40 cents
Detroit, M ich., M ar. 1973 1_______ ______________ ______— _____ 1775-89, 80 cents
Durham, N.G., Ap r. 1973_________ ___ ________________ ________ 1775-61, 35 cents
F ort Lauderdale—
Hollywood and W est Palm
Beach, F la ., Ap r. 1973_______________________________________ 1775-64, 40 cents
F ort Worth, T e x ., Oct. 1973______________ .____________________ Suppl.
F ree
Green Bay, W is., July 1973____________ _______________________ Suppl.
F re e
G reen ville, S.C., May 1973 1 ____________ ______________ 1775-86,
40 cents
Houston, T e x ., A p r. 1973_______ ________________________ ____ ____ 1775-71, 50 cents
Huntsville, A la ., Feb. 1973____________________________________ 1775-48, 40 cents
Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1972 1____________ _____________________ 1775-27, 55 cents
Jackson, M iss., Jan. 1973___________ _________________ _____
1775-44, 40 cents
Jacksonville, F la ., Dec. 1972_____ _______ ___ _________ _
1775-31, 40 cents
________________________ 1795-4, 80 cents
Kansas City, M o.-K an s., Sept. 1973 1
Lawrence— averh ill, Mass.—
H
N.H., June 1973-----------—-------- 1775-93, 50 cents
Lexington, K y., Nov. 1972 1___________ ______ ______ _____ _
1775-22, 50 cents
L ittle Rock—
North L ittle Rock, A rk ., July 1973______________ Suppl.
F re e
Los Angeles—
Long Beach and Anaheim^Santa A n aF re e
Garden G rove, C alif., Oct. 1973------------------------------------ Suppl.
L o u isv ille , K y —
Ind., Nov. 1973 _________________________ _____ Suppl.
F re e
Lubbock, T e x ., M ar. 1973___________________ -____________ _
1775-55, 40 cents
Manchester, N.H ., July 1973-------------------------------------------- Suppl.
F re e
Melbourne— itu s v ille —
T
Cocoa, F la ,,
Aug. 1973 1 ______ _____________________________________________ 1795-2, 55 cents
Data on establishment practices



and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

A re a
Memphis, Tenn.— rk ., Nov. 1972_____________________________
A
M iam i, F la ., Nov. 1972 1 ______________________________________
Midland and Odessa, T e x ., Jan. 1973_________________________
Milwaukee, W is., May 1973____ ____ _______ __________________
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn., Jan. 1973_______________________
Muskegon—
Muskegon H eights, M ich., June 1973_____________
Newark and J ersey City, N.J., Jan. 1973_____________________
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1973__________________________________
New Orleans, L a ., Jan. 1973____ _________ __________ ____ ____
New Y ork , N .Y ., A p r. 1973___ ________________________________
Norfolk— irgin ia Beach—
V
Portsmouth and
Newport News—
Hampton, V a., Jan. 1973 1 __________________
Oklahoma City, Okla., July 1973___ __________ ______________
Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa, Sept. 1973________________________________
Paterson—
Clifton— assaic, N.J., June 1973__________________
P
Philadelphia, P a .-N .J ., Nov. 1972...__________________________
Phoenix, A r i z . , June 1973________ ___________ __ _____ ________
Pittsburgh, P a ., Jan. 1973 1 ___________________________________
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1972 ________
Portland, Oreg.—
Wash., May 1973____________________________
Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—
Newburgh, N .Y ., June 1973_________
Providence— arwick—
W
Pawtucket, R.I.— ass.,
M

Bulletin number
and price
1775-30,
1775-29,
1775-41,
1775-83,
1775-49,
1775-91,
1775-50,
1775-46,
1775-47,
1775-94,

40
55
35
40
55
50
55
40
40
50

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1775-51,
Suppl.
Suppl.
1775-92,
1775-45,
1775-96,
1775-67,
1775-21,
1775-87,
1775-85,

50 cents
F re e
F re e
55 cents
55 cents
50 cents
75 cents
40 cents
35 cents
35 cents

1775-84,
Raleigh, N .C ., Aug. 1972__________________ ____________________ 1775-7,
Richmond, V a., M ar. 1973_____________ ________ ______________ 1775-68,
R iverside—
San Bernardino—
Ontario, C alif.,
1775-60,
Rockford, 111., June 1973______________________________________ 1775-80,
St. Louis, M o.—
111., M ar. 1973 1 __________ ______ _____________ 1775-69,
Salt Lake City, Utah, Nov. 1972 1 ______________ ______________ 1775-33,
San Antonio, T e x ., May 1973___ _______ ______________ ________ 1775-78,
San Diego, C alif., Nov. 1972___________________________________ 1775-40,
San F ran cisco—
Oakland, C alif., M ar. 1973___________________ 1775-81,
San Jose, C alif., M ar. 1973____________________________________ 1775-66,
Savannah, Ga., May 1973____________________________________ _ 1775-77,
Scranton, P a., July 1973 1____________________________________ 1795-3,
Seattle— verett, Wash., Jan. 1973____________________________ 1775-56,
E
Sioux F a lls , S. Dak., Dec. 1972 1_________________________ _____ 1775-43,
South Bend, Ind., M ar. 1973___________________________________ 1775-54,
Spokane, Wash., June 1973__________________ __________________ 1775-95,
Tampa—
St. Petersb u rg, F la ., Aug. 1973______________________ Suppl.
T oledo, Ohio— ich., A p r. 1973___________ ____________________ 1775-63,
M
Trenton, N.J., Sept. 1973_____________________________________ Suppl.
Washington, D.C.—
Md.— a., M ar. 1973_______________________ 1775-75,
V
W aterbury, Conn., M ar. 1973_________________________________ 1775-58,
W aterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1973 1___ ______________________________ 1795-5,
Wichita, Kans., A p r. 19731775-70,
1775-76,
W o rcester, M ass., May 1973________
Y ork , P a., Feb. 1973____________________
1775-59,
Youngstown— arren, Ohio, Nov. 1972__
W
1775-19,

35 cents
45 cents
40 cents
65 cents
35 cents
75 cents
50 cents
35 cents
40 cents
40 cents
40 cents
40 cents
55 cents
40 cents
40 cents
40 cents
50 cents
F ree
40 cents
F re e
50 cents
40 cents
60 cents
40 cents
40 cents
40 cents
40 cents

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID

U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

U .S. D E P A R T M E N T O F LA B O R
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20212

LA B -4 41

OFFICIAL BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE $300

THIRD CLASS MAIL

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S
Region I
1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

Region II
1515 Broadway
New York, N.Y. 10036
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Region III
P.O. Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 597-1154 (Area Code 215)
Delaware
District of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Region V
8th Floor, 300 South Wacker Drive
Chicago, III. 60606
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)
Illin o is
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
W isconsin

Region VI
1100 Commerce St. Rm. 6B7
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Texas

Regions VII and VIII
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)
VII
V III
Iowa
Colorado
Kansas
Montana
Missouri
North Dakota
Nebraska
South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming




Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)
Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee
Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)
IX
X
Arizona
Alaska
California
Idaho
Hawaii
Oregon
Nevada
Washington


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102