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AREA WAGE SURVEY
P h o en ix, A riz o n a , M e tro p o lita n A re a ,
J u n e 1973
Bulletin 1 7 7 5 -9 6




U S D E P A R T M E N T OF LABOR
____ Bureau of Labor Statistics

\




P re fa ce
This bulletin provides results of a June 1973 survey of occupational
earnings ip the Phoenix, Arizona, Standard Metropolitan Statistical A re a (Maricopa
County). The survey was made as part of the Bureau of Labor Statistics' annual
area wage survey program . The program is designed to yield data for individual
metropolitan areas, as w ell as national and regional estimates for all Standard
Metropolitan A reas in the United States, excluding Alaska and Hawaii, (as
defined by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget through November 1971).
A m ajor consideration in the area wage survey program is the need to
describe the level and movement of wages in a variety of labor markets, through
the analysis of (1) the level and distribution of wages by occupation, and (2) the
movement of wages by occupational category and skill level. The program de­
velops information that may be used for many purposes, including wage and salaryadministration, collective bargaining, and assistance in determining plant location.
Survey results also are used by the U.S. Department of Labor to make wage
determinations under the Service Contract Act of 1965.
Currently, 96 areas are included in the program . (See list of areas on
inside back cover.) In each area, occupational earnings data are collected
annually. Information on establishment practices and supplementary wage bene­
fits, collected every second year in the past, is now obtained every third year.
Each year after all
two summary bulletins are
metropolitan area surveyed.
regional estimates, projected

individual area wage surveys have been completed,
issued. The first brings together data for each
The second summary bulletin presents national and
from individual metropolitan area data.

I

The Phoenix survey was conducted by the Bureau's regional office in San
Francisco, Calif., under the general direction of Milton Keenan, Assistant Regional
Director for Operations. The survey could not have been accomplished without
the cooperation of the many firm s whose wage and salary data provided the basis
for the statistical information in this bulletin.
The Bureau wishes to express
sincere appreciation for the cooperation received.

Note:
A lso available for the Phoenix area are listings of union wage rates for
building trades, printing trades, local-transit operating employees, local truckdrivers and helpers, and grocery store employees. Free copies of these are
available from the Bureau's regional offices.
(See back cover for addresses.)

AREA WAGE SURVEY

Bulletin 1775-96
N o v em b er 19 73

U.S. D E P A R T M E N T O F LAB O R , Peter J. Brennan, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS. Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

Phoenix, Arizona, Metropolitan Area, June 1973
CONTENTS
Page
2 Introduction
5 Wage trends for selected occupational groups

T ab les:

4
6
7

11
12

13

Establishments and w orkers within scope of survey and number studied
Indexes of earnings for selected occupational groups, and percents of increase for selected periods
Percents of increase in average hourly earnings for selected occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts

A.
8
10

1.
2,
3.

Occupational earnings:
A - l . Office occupations: Weekly earnings
A -2 . Professional and technical occupations: Weekly earnings
A -3 . Office, professional, and technical occupations: A verage weekly earnings, by sex
A -4 . Maintenance and powerplant occupations: Hourly earnings
A -5 . Custodial and m aterial movement occupations: Hourly earnings

17 A p p e n d i x .

O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s




For sal* bv the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.. 20402 — Price 60 cents

1

In tro d u c tio n
(3) m a in te n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) c u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m en t.
O c c u p a tio n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n i f o r m set o f jo b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to take accou nt o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in duties w ith in the s a m e job. T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e
l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in the appendix. U n le s s o t h e r w i s e in d ic a te d , the
e a r n i n g s data f o l l o w i n g the jo b t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c om b in e d .
E a r n i n g s data f o r s o m e o f the o c c u p a tio n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r
f o r s o m e i n d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s w i th i n oc c u p a tio n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in
the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in the oc c up atio n
is to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e enough data to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e
is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t data. E a r n i n g s
data not shown s e p a r a t e l y f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e includ ed in a l l
i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d data, w h e r e shown. L i k e w i s e , data a r e in clu d ed
in the o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n w h en a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f s e c r e t a r i e s
o r t r u c k d r i v e r s is not shown o r i n f o r m a t i o n to s u b c l a s s i f y is not
available.

T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 96 in w h i c h the U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s conducts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n i n g s
on an a r e a w i d e b a s i s a n n u a lly .1 F i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s , in p e r s o n a l
v i s i t s to e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a , c o l l e c t e m p l o y m e n t , e a r n i n g s ,
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s , and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s i n f o r m a t i o n e v e r y th ir d
year.
In e ach o f the i n t e r v e n i n g y e a r s , i n f o r m a t i o n on e m p l o y m e n t
and e a r n i n g s is c o l l e c t e d b y m a i l q u e s t i o n n a i r e s f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
p a r t i c i p a t i n g in the p r e v i o u s s u r v e y . T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s the r e s u l t s
o f the l a t t e r typ e s u r v e y .
In e a c h a r e a , data a r e ob ta in e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w ith in s ix b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s ; M a n u fa c t u rin g ; t r a n s ­
p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s . M a j o r
i n d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e stu d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a ­
tio n s and the c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s . E s t a b l i s h m e n t s
h a v in g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d b e c a u s e
th e y te nd to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the oc c u p atio n s stu died
to w a r r a n t in c lu s io n .
S e p a r a t e ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f
the b r o a d i n d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s w h ic h m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a ti o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s data a r e shown f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y sched ule .
E a r n i n g s data e x c lu d e p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on
w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and la te s h ifts . N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s es a r e e x ­
c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a l l o w a n c e s and i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e i n ­
c l u d e d . 2 W h e r e w e e k l y h o u r s a r e r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u ­
p a tio n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the stan da rd w o r k w e e k (r ou n d e d to the n e a r e s t
h a l f ho ur) f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r an d/ o r p r e m i u m
rates).
A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s f o r th e s e o c c u p a tio n s a r e rounded
to the n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e con du cted on a s a m p l e b a s i s . T h e s a m ­
pling p ro c ed u r e s in v o lve d eta iled s tr a tifica tio n o f all establishm en ts
w i th i n the s c o p e o f an in d i v i d u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y i n d u s tr y and n u m b e r
of em p loyees.
F r o m th is s t r a t i f i e d u n i v e r s e a p r o b a b i l i t y s a m p l e is
s e l e c t e d , w i t h e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a vin g a p r e d e t e r m i n e d chance o f
s e l e c t i o n . T o ob ta in o p tim u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r
p r o p o r t i o n o f l a r g e than s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d . W h en data
a r e c o m b i n e d , e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t is w e i g h t e d a c c o r d i n g to its p r o b a ­
b i l i t y o f s e l e c t i o n , so that u n bia se d e s t i m a t e s a r e g e n e r a t e d . F o r e x ­
a m p l e , i f one out o f f o u r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d , it is g i v e n a
w e i g h t o f f o u r to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f plus t h r e e o t h e r s . A n a l t e r n a t e o f the
s a m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y is c h o s e n in the s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i f i ­
c a tio n i f data a r e not a v a i l a b l e f o r the o r i g i n a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
If
no s u it ab le su bstitu te is a v a i l a b l e , a d d itio n a l w e i g h t is a s s i g n e d to a
s a m p l e m e m b e r that is s i m i l a r to the m i s s i n g unit.

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a ti o n a l e a r n i n g s in
an a r e a at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e . C o m p a r i s o n s o f in d i v i d u a l oc c u p a tio n a l
a v e r a g e s o v e r t i m e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e ch an ge s . T h e a v e r ­
a g e s f o r in d i v i d u a l j o b s a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n ge s in w a g e s and e m p l o y ­
m en t p a t t e r n s .
F o r exam ple, p ro p ortion s o f w o r k e r s em p lo yed by
h i g h - o r l o w - w a g e f i r m s m a y chan ge o r h i g h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d ­
v a n c e to b e t t e r j o b s and be r e p l a c e d b y ne w w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a t e s .
Such s hifts in e m p l o y m e n t could d e c r e a s e an o c c u p a ti o n a l a v e r a g e
e v e n though m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s during
the y e a r . T r e n d s in e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , shown in tab le 2,
a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e tr e n d s than in d i v i d u a l j o b s w ith in the
g ro u p s.

O c c u p a tio n s and E a r n i n g s
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c tu r in g and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the
fo llo w in g types;
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ;

A v e r a g e earnings r e f le c t c o m p o s ite , a re a w id e estim a tes. In­
d u s t r i e s and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and j o b s ta ffin g , and
thus c o n tr ib u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r each job . P a y a v e r ­
1
Included in the 96 areas are 10 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas
a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l am on g jo b s in
are Austin, T e x .; Binghamton, N . Y . (N e w York portion only); Durham, N. C . ; Fort Lauderdale—
i n d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
Hollyw ood and West Palm Beach, F la .; Huntsville, A la .; Lexington, K y . ; Poughkeepsie—Kingston—
Newburgh, N. Y . ; Rochester, N . Y . (o ffic e occupations only); Syracuse, N. Y . ; and U tica—Rom e, N .Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies in approximately 70 areas at the request
o f the Em ployment Standards Administration o f the U. S. Department o f Labor.




2
S pecial payments provided for work in designated parts of the area by companies not consid­
ering such payments a part o f the regular salary or hourly rate were not included because o f reporting
problems.
Such instances are few and do not have a large impact on the published data.

2

3
A v e r a g e p ay l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ­
tions should not be a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y o f the s e x e s
w ith in in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
F a c t o r s w h ich m a y c o n trib u te to
d i f f e r e n c e s in c lu d e p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a te r a n g e s , s in c e
on ly the r a t e s p a id in cum b ents a r e c o l l e c t e d , and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e ­
c i f i c duties w ith in the g e n e r a l s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s . Job d e s c r i p ­
tions u s e d to c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s in th e s e s u r v e y s u s u a lly a r e m o r e
g e n e r a l i z e d than th os e used in i n d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w f o r
m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s am on g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c duties p e r f o r m e d .
O c c u p a ti o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in a l l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in the s c o p e o f the study and not the n u m b e r a c tu ­
a l l y s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o c c u p a tio n a l s t r u c t u r e s am ong e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
d i f f e r , e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a ti o n a l e m p l o y m e n t obta in ed f r o m the s a m p l e




o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s stu d ied s e r v e on ly to i n d ic a te the r e l a t i v e i m p o r ­
tance o f the j o b s studied. T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s t r u c tu r e
do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n i n g s data.
E s t a b l i s h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p l e m e n ta r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s
T a b u la tio n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e not p r e s e n t e d in this
b u lle tin .
I n f o r m a t i o n f o r th e s e ta b u la tion s, c o l l e c t e d e v e r y 2 y e a r s
in the p a s t, is no w c o l l e c t e d e v e r y 3 y e a r s .
T h e s e ta b ula tion s on
m i n i m u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s ;
shift d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u le d w o r k w e e k ; paid h o l i d a y s ; p aid v a c a t i o n s ;
and health, i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n plans a r e p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s
ta b l e s ) in p r e v i o u s b u lle tin s f o r th is a r e a .




T a b le 1. E s ta b lis h m e n ts an d w o rk e rs w ith in s c o p e o f s u rv e y an d n u m b e r s tu d ie d in P h o e n ix , A r iz .,1
b y m a jo r in d u s try d iv is io n ,2J u n e 1 9 7 3
Minimum
employment
in establishments in scope
of study

Industry division

A l l divisions _

__

_ ______

____________

M anufacturing.
. ___ ______ __ __
__ __ __ ___
Nonm anufacturing.. _. . ___
Transportation, communication, and
other public u tilitie s5______ _ _ _____________
W holesale trade 6_____ .
_________________
Retail tra d e 6 .
~
__ —
______ _ __
Finance, insurance, and rea l e state6______
S e r v ic e s 67 . .
____
__ .

Num ber of establishments

W o rk ers in establishments
Within scope of study4

of study *

Studied

Studied
Num ber

Percent

_

652

162

164,404

100

98,115

50
“

170
482

43
119

67,456
96,948

41
59

47,549
50,566

50
50
50
50
50

45
69
203
60
105

15
13
51
15
25

12,983
8,285
42,791
16,488
16,401

8
5
26
10
10

9,611
2,583
23,068
10,305
4,999

1 Th e Ph oen ix Standard M etrop o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as defined by the O ffic e o f M anagem ent and Budget through N o vem b er 1971, con sists of
M a ric o p a County. T h e "w o r k e r s w ithin scope o f stu dy" estim ates shown in this ta b le p ro v id e a reason a b ly accu ra te d es crip tio n o f the s iz e and
com p o sitio n o f the la b o r fo r c e inclu ded in the su rv ey.
The estim a tes a re not intended, h o w e v e r, to s e r v e as a b a sis o f co m pa rison w ith other
em ploym en t in dexes fo r the a rea to m easu re em ploym en t tren ds o r le v e ls sin ce (1) planning o f w age su rveys re q u ire s the use of establish m ent
data c o m p ile d c o n s id era b ly in advance o f the p a y r o ll p erio d studied, and (2) s m a ll establish m en ts a re exclu ded fr o m the scope o f the su rvey.
2 Th e 1967 edition o f the Standard In du stria l C la s s ific a tio n Manual was used in c la s s ify in g establish m en ts by in du stry d ivis ion .
3 Includes a ll establish m ents w ith tota l em ploym en t at o r above the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A l l outlets (within the a r e a ) o f com panies in such
in d u stries as tra d e , fin an ce, auto re p a ir s e r v ic e , and m otion p ictu re th eaters a re co n s id ere d as 1 establish m ent.
4 Includes a ll w o r k e r s in a ll establish m ents w ith to ta l em ploym en t (w ithin the a r e a ) at o r above the m in im u m lim ita tion .
5 A b b r e v ia te d to "p u b lic u t ilitie s " in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s . T a x ica b s and s e r v ic e s in cid en tal to w a te r tra n sporta tion w e re excluded. S e v e r a l
e le c t r ic u tilitie s (supplying le s s than h a lf the e le c t r ic consum ption in M a ricop a County) w e re m u n icip a lly opera ted and exclu ded by definition fr o m the
scope o f the study.
6 T h is in du stry d ivis io n is re p res en ted in e s tim a tes fo r " a ll in d u s trie s " and "non m anu factu rin g" in the S e rie s A ta b les. Separate presen tation of
data f o r this d ivis io n is not m ade fo r one o r m o re o f the fo llo w in g reason s: (1 ) E m ploym en t in the d ivis ion is to o sm a ll to p ro vid e enough data to
m e r it sep ara te study, (2) the sam ple w as not design ed in itia lly to p e r m it sep ara te presen tatio n , (3) respon se was in su fficien t o r inadequate to p e rm it
sep ara te p resen tatio n , and (4) th e re is p o s s ib ility o f d isc lo su re o f in dividu al establish m ent data.
7 H o tels and m o te ls ; lau ndries and oth er p erso n a l s e r v ic e s ; bu siness s e r v ic e s ; a u tom obile r e p a ir , ren ta l, and park ing; m otion p ictu re s; n on profit
m e m b ersh ip o rga n izatio n s (exclu din g re lig io u s and ch a rita b le o rg a n iza tio n s ); and en gin eerin g and a rc h ite c tu ra l s e r v ic e s .

In d u stria l com p o sitio n in m anufacturing
O v e r tw o -fifth s o f the w o r k e r s w ithin scope of the su rvey in the Ph oenix a re a w e re
em p loy ed in m anufacturing fir m s .
Th e fo llo w in g p resen ts the m a jo r in du stry groups and
s p e c ific in du stries as a p ercen t o f a ll m anufacturing:
In du stry groups

S p e c ific in d u stries

E le c tr ic a l equipm ent and
su p p lie s___ ___
37
T ra n sp o rta tion equipment______ 15
M a ch in ery, ex cept e l e c t r i c a l__ 12
F o o d and kin dred produ cts______ 6
P r im a r y m e ta l in d u stries______ 6
A p p a re l and oth er te x tile
product s _ _ _ _______________
5
P rin tin g and p u blish in g_________ 5

E le c tr o n ic com ponents and
a c c e s s o r ie s _________
30
A ir c r a ft and p a rts________________ 13
O ffic e and computing
m ach in es_________________________ 9
Com m unication eq u ipm en t_______6
N o n ferrou s ro llin g and
draw in g___________________________ 5

T h is in form a tion is ba sed on estim ates o f to ta l em ploym en t d e r iv e d fr o m u n iverse
m a te r ia ls co m p iled p r io r to actual su rvey.
P ro p o rtio n s in va rio u s in du stry division s m ay
d iffe r fr o m prop o rtio n s ba sed on the re su lts o f the su rvey as shown in table 1 above.

W a g e T re n d s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
P r e s e n t e d in ta b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t s o f change in
a v e r a g e w e e k l y s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l
n u r s e s , and in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p l a n t w o r k e r g ro u p s .
T h e i n d e x e s a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d as a
p e r c e n t o f w a g e s d u r in g the b a s e p e r i o d .
Su btrac tin g 100 f r o m the
in d e x y i e l d s the p e r c e n t c han ge in w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e r i o d to the
date o f the in dex. T h e p e r c e n t s o f change o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to w a g e
c h a n ge s b e t w e e n the i n d i c a te d d ate s . A n nu a l r a t e s o f i n c r e a s e , w h e r e
shown, r e f l e c t the am ount o f i n c r e a s e f o r 12 m onths w h en the t i m e
p e r i o d b e t w e e n s u r v e y s w a s o t h e r than 12 mon ths.
Th ese com pu­
tatio n s a r e b a s e d on the a s s u m p t io n that w a g e s i n c r e a s e d at a con st ant
r a te b e t w e e n s u r v e y s .
T h e s e e s t i m a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s o f chan ge in
a v e r a g e s f o r the a r e a ; th e y a r e not in ten d ed to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y
ch an ge s in the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .

T h e in d e x is a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e and is e x ­
p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f w a g e s in the b a s e y e a r .
T h e b a s e y e a r is
a s s i g n e d the v a lu e o f 100 p e r c e n t . T h e in d e x is c o m p u te d b y m u l t i ­
p l y i n g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100 p e r c e n t ) b y the r e l a t i v e (the p e r c e n t
change plus 100 p e r c e n t ) f o r the next s u c c e e d i n g y e a r and then c o n ­
tinuing to m u l t i p l y (com p oun d) each y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y the p r e v i o u s
y e a r ' s index.
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
ex c lu s iv e o f earnings f o r o v e r tim e .
F o r p l a n t w o r k e r g ro u p s , th ey
m e a s u r e c han ges in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e xc lu d in g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la t e shifts .
T h e p e r c e n t s a r e b a s e d on data f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p atio ns and in c lu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t jo b s w ith in
e a c h group .

M e t h o d o f C o m p u tin g
E a c h o f the f o l l o w i n g k e y o c c u p a tio n s w ith in an o c c u p a tio n a l
g r o u p is a s s i g n e d a constant w e i g h t b a s e d on its p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m ­
p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a ti o n a l g ro u p :
Office clerical (m en and
women):
Bookke eping- machine
operators, class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A , B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Messengers (office boys or
girls)

Office clerical (men and
women)— Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B
Industrial nurses (men and
women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

L i m i t a t i o n s o f Data
T h e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t s o f c han ge, as m e a s u r e s o f chan ge
in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e in flu e n c e d b y;
(1) G e n e r a l s a l a r y and w a g e
c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y in d iv id u a l
w o r k e r s w h i l e in the s a m e j o b , and (3) c han ges in a v e r a g e w a g e s due
to c han ges in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n o v e r , f o r c e
e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c ti o n s , and c han ges in the p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k ­
e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s . C han ges in
the l a b o r f o r c e can c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the oc c u p atio n al
a v e r a g e s w ith out ac tu a l w a g e ch an ge s .
It is c o n c e i v a b l e that e v e n
though a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s , a v e r a g e
w a g e s m a y h a ve d e c l i n e d b e c a u s e l o w e r - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e n t e r e d
the a r e a o r exp an ded t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s . S i m i l a r l y , w a g e s m a y ha ve
r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c on stant, y e t a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a m a y h a ve r i s e n
c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h i g h e r - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e n t e r e d the a r e a .

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and
cleaners
Laborers, material handling

NOTE: Comptometer operators, used in the computation of previous trends, are no longer
surveyed by die Bureau.

T h e xise o f c on stant e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c han ges in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in each jo b i n ­
c lu d e d in the data.
T h e p e r c e n t s o f c han ge r e f l e c t on ly c han ges in
a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s.
T h e y a r e not i n flu e n ce d b y
c han ges in s ta n d a rd w o r k s c h e d u le s , as such, o r b y p r e m i u m p ay
fo r o vertim e.
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , data a r e a d ju s te d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t s o f c han ge any s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d by
ch an ge s in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

T h e a v e r a g e (m e a n ) e a r n i n g s f o r e a c h oc c u p a tio n a r e m u l t i ­
p l i e d b y the o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , and the p ro d u c ts f o r a l l o c c u p atio n s
in the g r o u p a r e to ta l e d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s a r e
r e l a t e d b y s u b tr a c tin g the a g g r e g a t e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r f r o m the
a g g r e g a t e f o r the l a t e r y e a r and d i v i d i n g the r e m a i n d e r b y the a g g r e ­
g a te f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e r e s u l t t i m e s 100 shows the p e r c e n t
o f c han ge.




5




Table 2. Indexes of earnlnos for selected occupational groups in Phoenix, Ariz., June 1972 and June 1973,
and percents of Increase for selected periods 1
A l l Ind u atriea
W e e k ly e a rn in g a
P e r io d

O ffic e
c le ric a l
(m e n and
w om en)

In d u a tria l
n u raea
(m e n and
w om en)

M an u fa c tu rin g

H o u rly e a rn in g a
Sk illed
m ain ten an ce
tra d e a
(m en )

U n a k ille d
plan tw o rk er a
(m e n )

W e e k ly e arn in ga
O ffic e
c le r i c a l
(m en and
w om en)

H o u rly e a rn in g a
S k illed
m aintenance
tra d e a
(m en )

U n a k ille d
plantw o rk er a
(m e n )

( ')
(* )

136.9
143.2

120.8
128.9

(‘ )
5.2

< >
(
(
(* )
(
( ')
(* )
3.3
7.5
3.1

3.0
2.9
4.4
5.6
2.3
3.2
2.8
2.6
4.6
7.4

In d u a tria l
n u raea
(m e n and
w om en)

Indexea (M a r c h 1967*100)

June 1973

128.0
133.1

137.6
145.0

139.9
147.3

133.0
142.0

127.5
134.0

P e r c e n t a o f in c r e a a e

)
(
( )
( )
( ')
6.2
7.0

2.8
6.5
1.1
.9
2.3
3.7
3.1
3.4
5.9
3.7

4.4
4.2
7.8
0
1.8
2.4
4.4
5.7
5.0
2.5

1.9
1.9
2.8
3.4
5.0
3.5
4.8
3.5
5.6
5.0

6.0
4.8

8.9
7.1

10.7
8.5

8.4
6.7

6.9
5.5

( |)
(l )

9.1
7.2

3.8
3.1

4.9
4.0

5.7
5.4

11.4
5.3

7.8
6.8

4.0
5.1

<|)
(l )

9.6
4.6

1.0
6.7

2.6
3.8
4.3
3.4
3.1
3.3
5.8
3.9
5.9
4.6

(l )
4.7
2.0

(

(* )

( )
(*
( )
(
(‘ )
6.2
6.2

M a r c h 1970 to June 1971:

D a ta d o not m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r it e r ia .




T a b le 3 . P e r c e n t s o f in c re a s e in a v e ra g e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s ,
a d ju s te d fo r e m p lo y m e n t s h ifts , in P h o e n ix , A r iz ., J u n e 1 9 7 2 to J u n e 1 9 7 3
A ll
in d u stries

O ccu pation al grou p

U n s k illed p la n tw o rk e rs (m e n )..

__

.

_____

__

____

5.4
5.7
5.3
6.4

M anufac tu rin g

Nonm anu­
fa ctu rin g

5.4
5.7
4.6
5.9

1 Data do not m e e t p u blication c r it e r ia .

N O T E : T a b le 3 p r o v id e s p ercen ts o f change in a v e r a g e h ou rly ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d
o ccu pation al grou ps, adju sted to exclu de the e ffe c t o f em p loy m en t s h ifts . T h e n ew m eth od
fo r com puting w a ge tren ds is based on changes in a v e r a g e h o u rly ea rn in gs fo r esta b lish m en ts
r e p o r tin g the in dex jo b s in both the cu rre n t and p re v io u s y e a r (m a tch ed e s ta b lis h m e n ts ),
h oldin g esta b lish m en t em p loy m en t in the jobs constant.
T h e n ew w a ge tren d s a r e not lin k ed to the cu rren t in dexes becau se the n ew w a ge
tren d s m e a s u re changes in m atch ed esta b lish m e n t a v e r a g e s w h e rea s the cu rre n t in dexes
m e a s u re changes in a re a a v e r a g e s .
O ther c h a r a c te r is tic s o f the n ew w a ge tren d s which
d iffe r fr o m the c u rren t ones in clu de (1) ea rn in gs data o f o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tria l
n u rses a r e c o n v e rte d to an h ou rly b a s is , and (2) tren d es tim a te s a r e p r o v id e d fo r nonm anu­
fa ctu rin g esta b lish m e n ts.
F o r a m o r e d eta iled d e s c rip tio n o f the new m eth od u sed to com pu te a r e a w age s u rv e y
in d e x e s , s ee "Im p ro v in g A r e a W age S u rvey In d e x e s , " M onth ly L a b o r R e v ie w , Janu ary 1973,
pp. 52-57.

5.3

(!)
(*)

6.3

8

A.

Occupational earnings

T a b le A -1 . O f fic e o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k ly e a rn in g s
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and ea rn in gs o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d occupations by indu stry d iv is io n , P h oen ix, A r i z . , June 1973)
Weekly earnings
(standard)
Number

1

Number of w orkers receivin g straight-tim e weekly earnings of—
t

Average
weekly

t

$

*

t

of
workers

hours1

*

*

*

t

$

S

$

s

s

$

S

$

$

s

*

t

(standard)

Mean ^

Median *

Middle ranged

70

75

80

85

90

95

1 00

110

1 20

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

2 30

70

O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

65

75

80

85

90

95

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

173

180

190

200

210

220

230

24 j

-

-

-

6
6

-

-

3
3

8
6

16
16
16

10
7
5

“

“

4
4
4

”

”

“

16
8
8
2

12
12

-

-

*

-

and
u n d er

MEN ANO WOMEN COMBINED
BOO KKE EPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -----------------------------NONMANUF ACT URI NG ----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

59
42
25

$
$
$
$
40.0 120.50 119.00 108.00-131.50
40.0 112.50 117.00 103.00-122.00
40.0 123.00 119.00 117.00-128.00

BOO KKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------NONMA NUF ACT URI NG -----------------

53
32

40.0 108.00 l l l . O C 101.00-113.50
40.0 104.50 104.00 97.50-112.50

-

_

2
2

3

3
—
3

_

8
8

10
10

25
6

4
4

4
4
“

10
10
-

45
6
39
2

69
27
42
7

99
ii
88
48

77
17
60
23

76
41
35
6

46
14
32

93
5
88

139
47
92
5
48

123
48
75
6
23

68
41
27

30
13
17

9
8
1

43

151
19
132
2
71

5
“

~
~

2

-

-

-

-

3

-

“

-

-

105.50
89.00-121.50
126.00 114.50-135.00
99.50 84.50-115.00
231.00 122.50-233.00
100.50 91.50-112.00

63

34

21

75

-

-

-

63
-

34
1

21
-

75

51
51

34

32

56
1
55
44

13

6

89.00
84.50

82.50-116.00
82.00-110.50

-

-

6
6

45
45

8
8

11
6

3
3

6
2

12
8

12
7

2
1

1
1

88.50
88.00

8 2 .50- 96.00
8 2.00- 95.00

19
19

4
4

17
17

31
31

16
16

26
25

4
3

2

3

1

*

_
“

13
13

11

“

-

-

1
1
1

11
6
5
1

112.00-134.00
119.50-142.50
109.00-127.00
110.00-126.00

.
-

”

-

-

1
-

108.50 98.00-124.00
121.00 115.50-130.50
104.00 96.50-115 .00
126.50 108.50-146.00
107.00 90.50-112.50

-

“

-

8 8 .CO
85.50

82.50-101.50
8 2 .0 0 - 95.50

_

-

7
6

135.50
149.50
126.00
156.00
135.50

119.50-155.50
135.50-165.50
112.00-144.50
126.00-171.00
124.00-151.00

-

135.00
144.50
130.50
128.50

134.00
144.00
128.50
127.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------MAN UFA CTURING --------------------NONMANUFA CTU RIN G ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

940
189
751
315

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

107.00
125.50
102.50
186.50
102.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------------NONMANUF ACT URI NG -----------------

113
93

40.0 102.00
40.0
99.50

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------------NONMANUFA CTU RIN G -----------------

123
115

39.5
39.5

88.00
86.00

CLERKS, ORDER -----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUF ACT URI NG -----------------

152
41
111

40.0 117.00 109.50 98.00-125.00
40.0 134.50 121.00 116.00-169.00
40.0 110.50 102.50 92.00-113 .50

“

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUF ACT URI NG ----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

148
70
78
37

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

116.00
117.50
115.00
112.00

112.00
113.00
111.00
115.00

101.00-124.00
100.50-131.50
101.50-122.50
104.00-122.00

KEY PUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MAN UFA CTURING --------------------NONMANUF ACT URI NG ----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

275
109
166
26

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

124.00
131.00
119.50
118.50

121.50
127.00
115.00
119.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONM ANU FAC TUR ING ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

434
130
304
54
52

40.0
40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0

111.50
121.00
107.50
127.50
104.50

MESSENGFRS (OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLSINO NMA NUF ACT URI NG -----------------

67
54

39.5
39.5

90.50
87.00

SECRETARIES --------------------------MANUFA CTU RIN G --------------------NO NMA NUF ACT URI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------RETAIL TRAOE --------------------

2,170
822
1,348
197

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

138.50
151.50
131.00
153.50
4 0 . 0 137.00




2
2

_

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

See footn otes at end o f tab les

“

7
-

-

508
161
347
88

88

_

*

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFA CTU RIN G ----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

33

-

119.00-149.00
128.00-162.50
116.50-142.50
123.00-136.50

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

1

12

7

-

11
5
6

-

11

8
4
4

-

7

31
18
13

_

-

34
2
32

3

-

3

-

8
4
4
1

11
7
4
1

38
14
24
10

31
14
17
12

19
6
13
8

14
9
5
2

5
4
1
1

1
1

-

3

-

-

47
4
43
7

72
25
47
7

74
34
40
7

24
17
7
5

37
13
24

77
38
39
3
15

63
36
27
14
2

30
18
12
2

5
3
2
2

-

29
12
17
13
3

303
1 26
177
10
19

2 80
165
115
16
10

211
132
79
19
5

“

3
“

-

-

13

2

1

99
7
92
19
16

20
20

12
12

5
3

4
4

14
9

4

-

-

86

-

6
-

7

-

-

-

-

6
-

7
-

86

2 45
27
2 18
9

221
30
191
15
9

3 40
73
2 67
40
23

8
8
-

-

“

*

3
“

2
2

5
5

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

6
6

-

-

4
2
2

-

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3
2
1
1
-

7
7

-

20
2C
20

-

-

*

8

“

3

8
8

i

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

i

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

_

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

203
1 10
93
37
12

74
28
46
18

108
76
32
12

25
16
9

40
32
8
3

15
5
10
10

6
2
4

4

*

1

'

'

-

-

-

1

-

-

1
1

-

-

12

1

44
24
20
*

3

3

-

'

37
6
31

29

"

-

29

61
10
51

1

4

4

4

-

-

9
T a b le A -1 . O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k ly e a rn in g s — C o n tin u e d
(A verage straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings of w orkers in selected occupations by industry division* Phoenix, A r iz ., June 1973)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workeis

Numbe r o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s tr a ig h t -tim e w e e k ly e arnings of ---$

$
65

H 1
our

Mean *

(standard

Median *

Middle range*

8

S

8

8

8

8

8

8

8

8

8

8

8

8

8

8

8

8

t

70

75

80

83

90

95

1 00

110

120

1 30

160

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

75

80

85

90

95

100

1 10

120

130

160

150

160

170

180

190

200

2 10

220

230

2 60

2

2

1

11

13

8

36
16

21
8

39

16

23

59
62

50
50

88
55
33

12
27

19
13

-

-

and
under
70

HEN ANO WOMEN C O M B IN E D CONTINUED

SECRETARIES -

CONTINUED

$

$

1A n*nn

7?

$

43
SECRETARIES* CLASS B

--------------------------

3 9 *0

1 6 1 *5 0

1 8 5 *0 0
1 5 7 .0 0

303

6 0 .0

1 6 8 .0 0

1 6 1 .0 0

l a rA
t t

$
*

1 6 6 .0 0 -

1

1 7 5 .0 0

1 2 5 .5 0 -1 6 5 .0 0
1 3 8 .0 0 1 7 9 .5 0

7

15

86

63

1

U

11

2'

100.00
4 0 *0
J c L K t 1A K l t i i

L L A jj L

NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------Aw 1n Uw
b t L K t 1A K lt b f

277
6 23

4 0*0
6 0 .0

1 6 0 .0 0
1 2 9 .5 0

1 5 5 .5 0
1 2 5 .0 0

1 6 6 .5 0 1 0 8 .5 0 -

1 7 1 .0 0
1 6 6 .5 0 -

-

-

-

-

-

56

1 26

86

10
85
10

28
81

2
1

29
6

-

-

L L A jj U
68

7

1 20 *00

115

4 0 .0

1 1 9 .0 0

^50

4 0 *0

1 0 7 *5 0

133
2 35

4 0 *0
3 8 .5

1 3 0 *"0
1 1 5 .0 0

1

118.00 111.00-127.00

20
'

L0

tJ

11

23

14

^32
69

20

3
2

29
NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

JJ

1
4 0 *0

SWITCHBOARD O PERATOR-RECEPTIO NISTS-

3 9 ,5

156

3 9 .0

in n

* nn

111

9 9 .0 0 -1 2 7 .0 0

-

-

-

6.00
1 0 6 .5 0

KL 1A 1L 1HAUL

1 2 5 .5 0 -1 6 6 .5 0

9 1 .5 0
9 3 .0 0

8 1 .5 0 -1 0 1 .5 0

1 0 1 .0 0

9 2 .0 0 -1 1 3 .0 0

15

-

T
7

2

2

6

22

29

69

29

109150

25
17

16

19
i

7
26

22

31

:

12

3
3

-

"

6

-

2

2
]
3

-

4

16

8

20

8

i

1

i

26

32

2

1

12

*

l0

1 0 0 .0 0 -1 2 0 .0 0

38
1

20

3

1 00 *50

109^50

16

3

}? ][*? ?
1




26

i

94*0 0

TY PIS TS * CLASS A

See footn otes at end o f tables,

11

3

tA rt* nn

3 9 *0

4 0 .0

-

50 1 0 9 * 0 0

in * 1

126
♦5

1 1 1 .0 0

i
i

1
11

1

-

-

-

-

-

10
T a b le A - 2 . P r o fe s s io n a l a n d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k ly e a rn in g s
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and >

lin g s of w o rk e r

elected occupations by indu stry d iv is io n , P h oen ix, A r i z . , June 1973)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Number of w orkers receiving straight-tim e weekly earnings o ft

s

i

t

ry di

$

t

t

t

t

t

t

$

I

t

t

t

$

«

s

t

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

27C

280

290

300

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

and

110

O c c u p a tic

100

(

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

290

30C

over

-

“

5

1
-

-

-

1

16
8
a

-

5

10
2
8

-

-

•

*
*

31
20
11

32
22
10

30
24
6
i
i

and
under

MEN AND WOMEN COMBINED

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------

162
109
53

40.0 185.50 185.00 1 72 .0040.0 189.50 191.50 1 75 .0039.5 177.00 173.50 159 .00-

200.50 202.50 185.00 -

-

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------

173
105

40.0 151.50 151.00 135.5040.0 158.50 154.00 143 .5040.0 140.50 140.50 12 8 .0 0 -

165.00 3
168.50 155.00 3

16
6
10

11
6
5

21
5
16

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING - ; ---------

40.0 138.50 135.00 126 .0040.0 138.50 135.00 126.00-

154.00 3
154.00 3

2

12
12

9
9

4

4

6
6

COMPUTER PR0GRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------- —

296.50 40.0 267.00 275.00 2 3 2 .0 0 40.0 286.00 285.00 2 7 4 .0 0 310.00
39.5 235.50 233.00 215.50-247.00
“

-

-

-

-

-

-

i

1

”

*

-

“

*

i

1

3

4

“

3

4

17
7
10

14
3
11

3

5

1

1

COMPUTER PR0GRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------

130
68

62

COMPUTER PR0GRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C --------------

245.50
221.50 219.00 196 .50257.50
40.0 236.50 242.00 2 21 .5039.5 204.50 202.50 185.00-214.00
137.50-162.00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------

40.0 249.50 237.50 2 1 9 .0 0 40.0 236.00 232.00 2 17 .00-

“
3

-

*
7

6

29
27
2

25
22
3

5
4

2
2

1
1

5

8
6
2

1

3

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -----------------

198
167

40.0 212.50 214.00 195 .0040.0 216.00 217.50 20 2 .5 0 -

230.50 _
231.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING--------------- NONMANUFACTURING ------------

199
98

60.0 161.50 161.50 14 4 .0 0 40.0 175.50 174.00 1 6 1 .5 0 40.0 147.00 144.50 119.50-

181.50
188.00 161.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -------------MANUFACTURING -----------------

91
47

40.0 137.50 139.00 1 32 .0040.0 141.50 139.50 13 6 .0 0 -

586
586

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS
MANUFACTURING -----------

101

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
MANUFACTURING ------------------------

*
W o r k e r s w e r e distributed as follow s
* * W o r k e r s w e re distributed as follows
2 at $ 3 8 0 't o $39£; and 2 at $ 4(W> to $410.
See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




“

“

3
3

151.50 18
149.00

40.0 195.00 196.00 1 7 2 .5 0 40.0 195.00 196.00 1 72 .5040.0 177.00 176.00 1 6 6 .0 0 40.0 176.50 176.00 16 7 .0 0 -

1

1

1

1

3
3

-

-

_

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

4

5
5

10
7
3

10
i
9

7
1
6

2
2

4
3
1

1I
11

4

12
10
2

7
7
“

15
2
13

13
3
10

12
9
3

13
8
5

11
11
“

13
13

4
4
”

6
6

_

285.00
255.00

_

2
2

_

_

2
2

4
2
2

2
l
1

4
4

8
8
“

6
6

3
3

4
3

5
5

3
3

8
8

1
1

6
5

1
1

24
22

16
15

9
8

1

46
46

14
14

3
3

2
2

-

3

1

11
6

7
6
i

1
1

_

40.0 303.00 310.50 265.00-330.00
40.0 309.50 316.50 2 64 .50335.00
322.50
39.5 293.50 290.00 2 7 1 .5 0 -

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------

_

2

25
13
12

35
27
8

_

1

-- -

-

9
1

9
3

17
16

26
19

30
27

25
25

32
31

14
2
12

21
4
17

28
17
11

36
21
15

18
17
1

22
20
2

17
9
8

5
5
-

3
1
2

32
25

15
11

14
8

6
2

4

2
2

4
4

24
24

58
58

43
43

53
53

66
66

60
60

72
72

66
66

73
73

189.50 189.50

-

2
2

4
3

2
1

15
12

8
8

14
12

9
7

3
3

-

*21
19
2

2

2

5
2
3

4 **43
29
3
14
1

9
3

2
-

5
2

_

*

-

-

-

-

-

*

*

*

1

219.00 _
219.00 -

1
1

.
-

5
5

1
1

2

1
1

“

1

27
27

at $ 320 to $ 330; 4 at $ 330 to $ 340; and 1 at $ 350 to $ 360.
at $ 320 to $ 330; 7 at $ 330 to $ 340; 2 at $ 340 to $ 350; 4 at $ 350 to $ 360; 1 at $ 360 to $ 370; i at $ 3 70 to $ 380;

T a b le A -3 .

O f f ic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, a n d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s : A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s , b y s e x

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t- tim e w e e k ly hou rs and e a rn in g s o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d occu pation s by in d u stry d iv is io n , P h o e n ix , A r i z . , June 1973)
Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

OFFICE

OCCUPATIONS

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING,
NONPANUFACTURING

-

C L A S S A ------------------------------

OCCUPATIONS

-

Weekly
hours
(standard)

1

56
32
50
38

40.0
40.0
39.0
39.0

Average

Average

W eekly
earnings
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

1

HEN

P E S S E N G E R S ( O F F I C E B C Y S I -------------N O N P A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------OFFICE

Number
of
workers

$
140.50
132.00
9 3 . CO
88.50

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
WOMEN— CONTINUED

Number
of

Weekly
hours
(standard)

1

W eekly
earnings
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

88

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

$
138.50
151.50
1 3 1 . OC
153.50
137.00

76
33
A3

39.5
40.0
39.0

3C3
56
2A7
30

148.00
155.50
146.00
186.00
141.50

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S A ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

822

1,348
197

WOMEN

BOOKKEEPING-PACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S A -------------------------------------N O N P A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------R E T A I L T R A C E ------------------------

57
42
25

40.0
40.0
40.0

121.00
112.50
123.00

BCOKKEEPING-PACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S B -------------------------------------N O N P A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

53
32

40.0
40.0

108.00
104.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --PUBLIC UTILITIES •
R E T A I L T R A C E ------

26

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S A ---------P A N L F A C T O R I N G -------------------------N O N P A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------R E T A I L T R A C E ------------------------

452
137
315
83

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

134.00
143.00
130.50
128.50

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N P A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------R E T A I L T R A C E ------------------------

900
277
623
26

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

139.00
160.00
129.50
139.50

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S B --------P A N L F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N P A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------R E T A I L T R A C E ------------------------

922
186
736
33
310

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

107.00
125.50
102.50
186.50
101.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS C
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------N O N P A N U F A C T U R I N G --R E T A I L T R A C E ------

891
A56
A35
25

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0

133.00
144.00
121.00
128.00

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --R E T A I L T R A C E ------

358
115
2A3
58

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

1 1 6 . OC
119.00
114.50
107.50

STENOGRAPHERS, s e n i o r
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----NONPANUFACTURING ~

A68
233
235

39.0
4C.C
38.5

88

e ---------------------------------------

113
93

40.0
40.0

102.00
99.50

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS
NONPANUFACTLRING

C ---------------------------------------

123
115

39.5
39.5

88.00
86.00

C L E R K S , C R O E R -----------------------------N O N P A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

85
56

40.0
40.0

109.00
98.00

C L E R K S , P A Y R O L L --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N P A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------R E T A I L T R A C E ------------------------

142
68
74
37

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

113.00
116.00
1 1 C . 00
112.00

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N P A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------R E T A I L T R A C E ------------------------

275
109
166
26

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

124.00
1 31.CO
119.50
118.50

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ---------P A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N P A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------*■---R E T A I L T R A C E ------------------------

426
130
296
54
52

40.0
40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0

112.00
121.00
108.00
127.50
104.50

See footnote at end of tables.




S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N P A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

A4
44

40.0
40.0
40.0

130
124
45

39.5
39.5
39.5

156
47
109
42

39.0
39.5
39.0

106.50
103.00
107.50
59.50

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S A --M A N U F A C T U R I N G --NONMANUFACTURING

194

40.0
40.0
40.0

109.50
119.50
104 . OC

70
124

184.50
188.00
176.50

40.0
4C.0
40.0

151.50
158.50
141.CC

79
51
28

40.0
40.0
39.5

269.50
285.50
240.50

106
58
48

40.0
40.0
39.5

222.CC
2 3 6 . 5C
204.50

71
44
27

40.0
40.0
39.5

304.50
312.CC
2 9 2 . 5C

42
29

40.0
40.0

252.50
237.50

192
161

40.0
40.0

212.50
216.50

187
91
96

40.0
40.0
40.0

161.50
176.00
147.50

71
33

40.0
40.0

136.50
141.50

584
584

COMPUTER PRCGRAPERS,
O U j lnt w u f L L P j j A
*

COMPUTER

COMPUTER

COMPUTER

40.0
40.0

195.CC
195.00

57
47

40.0
40.0

1 7 6 . 5C
176.00

PROGRAMERS,

SYSTEMS

SYSTEMS

ANALYSTS,

ANALYSTS,

95.50
94.50
9 6 . OC

SWITCHBCARC CPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSP A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N P A N U F A C T L R I N G --------------------R E T A I L T R A C E ------------------------

40.0
40.0
39.5

156
94
62

124.00
137.00
111.50

S W I T C H B C A R C O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------R E T A I L T R A C E -------------- ---------

$
99.50
109.50
96.00

PRO F E S S I O N A L AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

126.50
138.50
115.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS
NONPANUFACTURING

39.0
40.0
39.0

-

169.50
180.00
161.50

2 ,1 7 0

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

141
101
40

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
WQMEN--CONTINUED

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

373
101
272

1

-

S E C R E T A R I E S --------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N P A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------R E T A I L T R A C E ------------------------

Number
of
workers

PROFESSIONAL

ANO

OCCUPATIONS
NURSES,

INCUSTRIAL

-

TECHNICAL
WOMEN

( R E G I S T E R E C 1 ----

12

T a b le A -4 .

M a in t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a tio n s :

H o u r ly e a r n in g s

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d occu pation s b y in d u stry d iv is io n , P h o e n ix , A r i z . , June 1973)

Number of w orkers re ceivin g straight-tim e hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings**

s
3.40

Sex, occupation, and industry division
Mean 2

t
3.50

Under
$
and
3*40 under

Median2

s

s
3.60

s
3.70

t
3.80

s

s

3.50

s

4.00

s

4.10

4.20

3.60

*

3.70

3.80

*

3.90

4 . CO

4.10

4.20

4.30

*

2
2

2
2

2
2

2
2

-

1
“

*

51
34

$
5 .0 8
4 .9 4

$
5 .0 4
5 .0 3

$
$
4 .6 4 - 5.2 8
4 . 6 6 - 5 .0 8

E L E C T R I C I A N S , M A I N T E N A N C E -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

227
179

5 .3 7
5 .1 6

5 .2 8
5 .2 3

4 .9 2 4 .6 9 -

6.2 1
5 .4 4

-

-

*

2
2

.

*

2
2

.

*

“

*

E N G I N E E R S , S T A T I O N A R Y -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

61
57

4 .7 4
4 .7 5

4 .6 3
4 .6 5

4 .1 6 4 .1 6 -

5.4 3
5.4 3

_

_

_

_

-

-

*

*

•

“

*

1
*

*

26
25

H E L P E R S , M A I N T E N A N C E T R A D E S --M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------NCNMANUFACTLRING
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------

110
67

3 .7 8
3 .6 2

3 .9 4
3 .1 9

2 .9 7 2 .7 5 -

4 .1 2
4 .4 5

*3e
38

-

.

-

-

*

*

*

7
*

22
4

7
*

_

*

15
8

40

3 .9 8

4 .0 4

3 .9 5 -

4 .0 9

-

-

-

-

7

-

7

18

7

M A C H I N I S T S , M A I N T E N A N C E --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

87
71

5 .1 6
5 .2 0

5.2 5
5 .2 6

4 .4 8 4 .4 9 -

5 .4 4
5.4 1

_

-

_

_

_

.

.

*

*

*

*

*

2
2

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
( M A I N T E N A N C E ! ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------

306
145
161
114

5 .6 9
5 .8 8
5 .5 3
5 .7 3

6 .0 1
7 .0 1
5.3 2
6 .0 4

4 . 5 8 - 7 .0 2
4 . 1 3 - 7 .0 6
5 .1 0 - 6 .0 9
4 .5 7 - 6 .5 3

7
4
3

20
20

9
9

-

M E C H A N I C S , M A I N T E N A N C E -------- —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

304
290

5 .0 4
5 .0 1

5 .0 8
5 .0 7

4 .4 8 4 .4 7 -

5.4 2
5 .4 1

2
2

_

-

-

------------

40

4 .7 9

4 .9 8

4 .4 8 -

5.1 4

P I P E F I T T E R S , M A I N T E N A N C E ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

82
79

5 .2 2
5 .2 2

5.2 6
5 .2 6

5 .2 0 5 .2 1 -

152
152

5 .2 2
5 .2 2

5.5 1
5.51

5 .2 2 5 .2 2 -

5.5 6
5 .5 6

_

1

4
3

PAINTERS,

MAINTENANCE

i
4 .6 0

i
t
4 .8 0 5 .0 0 5.2 C

i
5 .4 0

i

t
1
5 .6 0 5.8C

_

4.80

5.00

5.20

5.40

5.6C

$
» *
*
6.CC 6.2C 6 .4 0 6.6 0

6.00

6.2C

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
8

-

51
7

-

-

-

e

1
-

-

-

-

-

.

7
6

1
1

17
16

4
4

1
l

30
30

10
8

19
19

12
12

46
46

24
22

16
16

_

1
1

6
6

_
_

-

7
7

*

14
14

4
4

_

3
2

3

_
-

15
15

-

-

-

_

-

24
15

8

2

5
5

1
1

*

-

1

1C
-

-

-

“

<
3
<
3

32
32

-

2
2

10
10

6
6

6
6

4
4

2
2

18
18

-

4

-

1

-

1

2

-

-

44
9
35

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

57
55

3

7

_

5
5

-

-

-

36
36
36

-

•
-

-

24
12
12
5

28
28

3
1

27
27

52
52

53
53

8

1

4

11

-

-

8

-

14
14

4
2

36
36

27
26

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

“

18
18

2
2

_

_

_

-

-

-

1
1

4

4
4

34
34

73
73

12
12

-

*

*

-

_

4
4

4

4
-

17

4

17
17

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

2
2

37
37
37

4

_

3
“

2
2

7

-

_

-

1
1

-

6.6C

1

2
2

6.4C

over

5.80

1
1

1
*

4 . 40 . 4 . 6 0

5 .4 3
5.43

T C C L A N C D I E M A K E R S --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

2
*

i
4 .4 0

and

3.50

C A R P E N T E R S , M A I N T E N A N C E ----- —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

4.30

**98
83
15
15
21
21

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

■-

-

_

-

-

-

*
W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 6 at $2.30 to $2.40; 2 at $2.40 to $2.50; 4 at $2.50 to $2.60; 2 at $2.60 to $2.70; 6 at $2.70 to $2.80; 2 at $2.80 to $2.90; 8 at $2.90 to $3; 1 at $3 to
$3.10; 3 at $3.10 to $3.20; and 4 at $3.20 to $3.30.
* * W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 6 at $6.60 to $6.80; 83 at $ 7 to $7.20; and 9 at $7.20 to $7.40.
See footnotes at end of tables.




13
T a b le A - 5 . C u s to d ia l a n d m a te ria l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s : H o u r ly e a rn in g s
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e h o u rly earn in gs o f w o rk e rs in s e le c te d occupations by in du stry d iv is io n , P h o en ix , A r i z . , June 1973)
Hourly earning! ^

Number of w orkers receiving straight-tim e hourly earnings of—%
T
T
t
*
1----- 1 ------ %
~ i------3 ----- 1 ----- 1 ----- T
t
t
t
t
%
t
»
$
t
1.70 1.80 2.00 2.20 2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3 .40 3 .60 3.80 4.00 4.2C 4.4C 4.60 4 .e o 5.00 5.20 5.4C 5.60 5 . e c

Sex, occupation, and industry division
Middle range 2

t
6.00

and
under
1.80 2.00 2.20 2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3 .60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.6C 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00 over

G U A R D S AN D W A T C H M E N ----M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----GUARDS
M A N U F A C T U R IN G

1 ,6 4 6
221

$
2 .0 9
3 .3 9

2 .0 1
3 .5 8

$

$
1 .7 6 2 .6 8 -

$
2 .0 9
4 .0 7

747

9
9

567
28

117
8

10
4

18
11

5
4

9
5

27
25

22
20

17
17

25
24

30
28

23
22

18
16

1

1

177

3 .5 6

3 .7 1

3 .2 9 -

4 .0 8

-

-

10

8

4

11

4

2

22

19

17

23

26

16

15

1 ,3 7 5

2 .3 1
2 .9 1

2 .0 8
3 .0 9

1 .8 7 2 .3 9 -

2 .7 4
3 .1 7
2 .3 2
3 .5 6
2 .6 9

145
59
86
8
32

113
9
104
48

48
22
26
“

153
132
21
2
12

25
18
7
3

26
20
6
“
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

17
17
3
1

2
•
2
2

9

81
35
46
10
34

12
5
7

32
225

1 .8 4 2 .5 0 2 .0 2 -

251
14
237
31

3
3

2 .0 2
2 .9 3
2 .3 8

347
10
337
21

4
4

2 .1 1
3 .0 4
2 .3 5

148
148
32

1 ,2 3 9
460
779

3 .3 7
2 .9 0
3 .6 5

3 .2 4
2 .7 1
3 .2 8

2 .6 9 2 .4 6 -

4 .4 3
3 .4 2

3 .2 1 -

4 .8 0

3 .2 3

2 .2 7 -

3 .9 5

94
62
32
8

133
128
5
1

134
107
27
21

42
2
40
16

13
2
11
5

313
17
296
17

64
45
19
16

17
17
17

3
3
-

13
13
-

102
27
75
-

155
185
45

-

-

3 .2 5

17
14
3
3

-

202

55
12
43
43

44

-

•
-

O RDER
F I L L E R S -----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------

639
508

3 .6 2

3 .2 3

4 .7 9
4 .8 2

-

_

99

90
86

18
18

12
12

116
“

2
-

5
"

12
12

158
158

.
-

-

“

53
53

-

-

25
25

-

-

45
45

103

3 .0 5

2 .9 3 2 .8 9 -

-

3 .5 1

.
-

PA C KERS,

143

3 .2 3

4 .1 2

3 .6 2

3 .2 3
3 .7 4

2 .4 8 -

90

3 .3 3 -

4 .2 3

17
7

-

24
“

3
3

10
10

12
12

8
8

6
6

6
6

30
30

3
3
4
3

.9 8
.3 8
.1 8
.7 8

3 .6
2 .5
3 .8
3 .6

-

4 .8 3
4 .1 9
4 .8 4
3 .8 9

3
2
1

2
2
-

7
3

1
1

5
5

27
3
24

11
3
8

-

8
6
2

-

27

-

-

-

3 .2 8
4 .0 6
3 .8 4

-

27

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

29

16
16
-

46

89
89
73
16

810 216
195 *216
615
615
”

---

J A N I T O R S , P O R T E R S , A N D C L E A N E R S ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------R E T A I L T R A D E -------------------------L A B O R E R S , M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G ---------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------R E T A I L T R A D E --------------------------

S H IP P IN G

M A N U F A C T U R IN G

331
1 ,0 4 4

----------------------------------------------------

3 .9 8

_
-

114
2B
86
47

S H I P P I N G C L E R K S ----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------

46
38

3 .3 6
3 .2 2

3 .7 3
2 .7 9

2 .6 5 2 .6 2 -

4 .0 8
4 .0 1

S H I P P I N G A N D R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S ------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------

73
64

3 .5 5
3 .5 3

3 .7 5
3 .8 1

3 .0 9 3 .0 8 -

3 .8 5
3 .8 6

T R U C K D R IV E R S
-------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------

2 ,6 2 4
840
1 ,7 8 4

4 .9 6
5 .7 5
4 .8 8
5 .9 2
3 .4 9

4 .1
3 .6
4 .2
4 .3
2 .7

-

5 .9 3
6 .0 0
5 .9 3
5 .9 6
4 .8 1

15
15

973
237

4 .7 9
4 .9 8
4 .7 0
5 .4 1
3 .6 5

317
58
259

2 .9 1

3 .2 7

2 .9 8 2 .3 9 -

3 .9 9
3 .2 3

15
15

73

2 .7 0

3 .0 1
3 .6 4
2 .9 7
2 .7 8

2 .3 9 -

3 .4 3
2 .7 9

2 .3 2 -

3 .2 8

451
197
254
191

4 .2 2

4 .1 8

3 .2 1 -

5 .9 1

3 .3 0
4 .9 4

3 .2 8
4 .8 0
5 .9 2

2 .5 8 4 .2 6 4 .7 4 -

3 .5 8
5 .9 5
5 .9 6

T R U C K D R IV E R S ,
1-1/2

TO NS)

L IG H T

---------------------------

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------- ------R E T A I L T R A D E -------------------------T R U C K D R I V E R S , M E D IU M ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AN O I N C L U D I N G A T O N S ) --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------- *

* W orkers w ere distributed as follows:
See footn otes at end o f tab les.




.
~

23
8

.
•

-

4
4

8

-

3

-

_
-

-

-

16
16
16

_
-

*

5

1
1

6
6

2
2

12
12

-

“

-

-

“

58
14
20

97
63
34
18

12
12
“
12

54
14
40
16

18
18
2

4

~

63
63
-

44

-

-

4

3

28
16
10

1

.
“

2
2

3
1

7
6

25
25

“

1
1

12

64
64

67
2
65

203
53
150

84
77

22

1

24

28
28

4

50
—
50
8

80
8
72
12

2

39

45

-

•

2

45

-

2

37

6

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

C

4

8
5

34
34

_

_

1

9
9
~

32
28

289
22
267
246
21

26
20
6
-

7

28
20
8
8

e
l
7
7

24
16
8
8

6
6

-

1
1
-

13
12
1

48
48

4

-

26
26

51

7

4

4

4

1C 5
86
5
9

6

54
8
46
30
16

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
-

37
7
30
30

-

_
-

-

-

126
126
126

-

305
1
304

29
”

(U N D E R

------------------------------

M A N U F A C T U R IN G

0
1
1
0
5

_

4

-

R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------R E T A I L T R A D E --------------------------

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------R E T A I L T R A D E --------------------------

6
7
3
4

.

4

“

-

5 .4 4

16
16
16

“

-

-

_

-

184 at $ 6 to $6.20; and 32 at $6.20 to $6.40.

4

4

4

4

2

49
35

6

-

14
T a b le A - 5 . C u s to d ia l a n d m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s : H o u r ly e a rn in g s — C o n tin u e d
(A verage straight-tim e hourly earnings of w orkers in selected occupations by industry division, Phoenix, A r iz ., June 1973)
Number of w orkers receiving straight-tim e hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings3

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

I

$
1 .7 0
Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

I

1.80 2.00

*

*

2.20

I

*

2.40

I

*

2.60

I

I

2.80

*

I

3.00

*

*

3.20

$

$

3.40

i

t

3.60

«

t

3.80

$
4.0 0

and
under

4.20
and

1.80 2.00 2.20 2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.0 0 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5 .CO 5.20 5.4C 5.60 S.FC 6.00 over

M
EN - CONTINUED
TRUCKDRIVERS - CONTINUED
TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S --------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC U TILITIE S ---------------------

1 ,0 8 6
124
962

$
4 .9 8
5 .0 7

82

4 .9 6
5 .2 5
4 .5 4

706
450

527

$
4 .8 9
5 .5 4
4 .8 9

$
4 .2 8 4 .5 2 4 .2 8 -

$
5 .9 2
5 .7 5
5 .9 2

5 .9 1

4 .2 6 -

5 .9 6

4 .8 1

4 .4 0 -

5 .9 1
5 .8 8

5 .8 2 5 .8 3 -

6 .0 1
6 .0 4

-

-

-

-

-

—
-

“

254

5 .7 2

5 .9 3

5 .0 9 -

302
255

3 .3 6
3 .3 1

3 .4 1
3 .4 1

2 .8 6 2 .8 9 -

3 .6 2
3 .5 0

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ---MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

616
43

1 .8 9
2 .8 1

1 .8 2
2 .8 8

1 .7 6 2 .5 9 -

_

*
3
3

*

3
3
-

_

_

32
32

-

4
4
4

215
215

210

20
20

17

-

16
16

5

“

_

2

_

7
4

2

1

304
l
3C3
-

45

_

1 .9 0
3 .0 9

*
W orkers w ere distributed as follows:
* * W orkers w ere distributed as follow s:
See footnotes at end of tables.




5
-

5
5
”

_

-

4
4

1 at $ 6 to $6.20; and 22 at $6.20 to $6.40.
183 at $ 6 to $6.20; and 8 at $6.20 to $6.40.

26
26

21
4

21
21

4
4

34

10

-

-

24
19

53
53

79
77

“

-

30
23

_

-

9
-

29
-

25
-

66
68

5 .9 7

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) ------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

12
_

25
25

78

4 .8 6

5 .8 3
5 .9 0

78

44
35
5
5
*

303

-

303
303
“

“

-

_

-

-

-

23
*23
-

*

381 **191
195 191

61
61

_

-

16
16

-

186

1
1

_

-

4.40

15

F o o tn o te s

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime
at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all w orkers and dividing by the number of w orkers,
The median
designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive m ore than the rate shown; half receive less than the rate shown, The middle
range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the w orkers earn less than the low er of these rates and a fourth earn m ore than the higher rate.
3 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.







'

'* V

A p p e n d ix . O c c u p a t io n a l D e s c r ip t io n s
The p r im a ry purpose o f p rep a rin g job d escrip tio n s fo r the Bu reau's w age su rveys is to a s s is t its fie ld sta ff in cla s s ify in g into a p propriate
occupations w ork ers who a re em ployed under a v a rie ty o f p a y ro ll title s and d iffe re n t w ork arran gem en ts fro m establish m ent to establish m ent and
fro m a re a to a rea . T h is p erm its the grouping o f occupational w age ra tes re p res en tin g co m parab le jo b content. Because o f this em phasis on
in teresta b lish m en t and in te ra re a co m p a ra b ility o f occupational content, the B u reau's jo b d es crip tio n s m ay d iffe r sig n ific a n tly fro m those
n use in
individual establish m ents o r those p rep a red fo r oth er pu rposes. In applying these jo b d es crip tio n s , the B u reau 's fie ld econ om ists a re in stru cted
to exclude w orkin g s u p erviso rs; apprentices; le a rn e r s ; begin n ers; tra in e e s ; and handicapped, p a rt-tim e , tem p o ra ry , and probationary w o rk e rs .

O FFICE
C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G — Continued

B IL L E R , M A C H IN E
P r e p a r e s statem en ts, b ills , and in vo ic es on a m achine oth er than an o rd in a ry o r e le c tr o m a tic ty p e w r ite r.
M ay also keep re c o rd s as to b illin gs o r shipping ch a rges o r p e r fo rm other
c le r ic a l w ork in ciden tal to b illin g o p era tio n s. F o r w age study pu rp oses, b ille r s , m ach in e, a re
c la s s ifie d by type o f m ach in e, as fo llo w s:
B ille r , m achine (b illin g m a c h in e ). U ses a sp e cia l b illin g m achine (com bin ation typing
and adding m ach in e) to p rep a re b ills and in vo ic es fr o m cu sto m ers' purchase o r d e r s , in te r ­
n a lly p rep a red o rd e r s , shipping m em orandum s, etc. U su ally in vo lv es application o f p r e ­
determ in ed discounts and shipping ch a rges and en try o f n ecess a ry exten sion s, which m a y o r
m ay not be computed on the b illin g m achine, and tota ls which a re a u to m a tica lly accum ulated
by m ach in e. Th e opera tion u su ally in vo lv es a la rg e num ber o f carbon co p ies o f the b ill being
p rep a red and is often done on a fan fold m achine.
B ille r , m achine (bookkeeping m a ch in e). U ses a bookkeeping m achine (w ith o r without
a ty p e w r ite r keyboard) to p rep a re cu sto m ers' b ills as part o f the accounts re c e iv a b le o p e ra ­
tion. G en e ra lly in volv es the sim ultaneous en try o f fig u re s on cu sto m ers' le d g e r r e c o r d . The
m achine a u to m a tica lly accum ulates fig u re s on a num ber o f v e r tic a l columns and computes
and u su ally prints au tom a tica lly the debit o r c r e d it balances. Does not in volv e a know l­
edge o f bookkeeping.
W orks fr o m u niform and standard types o f sa les and c r e d it s lip s .
B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O pera tes a bookkeeping m achine (w ith o r without a ty p e w r ite r keyboard) to keep a r e c o r d
o f business tra n sa ction s.
C la ss A . K eeps a set o f re c o rd s re q u irin g a know ledge o f and ex p erien c e in basic
bookkeeping p rin c ip le s , and fa m ilia r it y with the stru ctu re o f the p a rticu la r accounting system
used. D eterm in es p ro p e r re c o rd s and distrib u tio n o f deb it and c re d it item s to be used in each
phase o f the w ork. M ay p re p a re consolidated re p o r ts , balance sheets, and oth er re c o rd s
by hand.
C la ss B. K eeps a re c o r d o f one o r m o re phases o r sections o f a set o f re co rd s usually
re q u irin g little know ledge o f b asic bookkeeping. Ph ases o r section s include accounts payable,
p a y r o ll, c u sto m ers' accounts (not including a sim p le type o f b illin g d e s crib e d under b ille r ,
m ach in e), co st distribu tion , expense distribu tion , in ven to ry con trol, etc. M a y check o r a s s is t
in p rep a ra tion o f t r ia l balances and p re p a re co n trol sheets fo r the accounting departm en t.
C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G
P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e accounting c le r ic a l tasks such as posting to r e g is t e r s and le d g e rs :
re c o n cilin g bank accounts; v e r ify in g the in tern al con sisten cy, com pleten ess, and m a th em a tica l
a ccu ra cy of accounting docum ents: a ssignin g p re s c rib e d accounting distribu tion codes; exam ining
and v e r ify in g fo r c le r ic a l a ccu ra cy va riou s types o f re p o r ts , lis ts , ca lcu lation s, posting, etc.;
o r p rep a rin g sim p le o r a ssistin g in prep a rin g m o re co m p licated journal vo u ch ers. M ay w ork
in e ith er a manual o r automated accounting system .
Th e w ork re q u ir e s a know ledge o f c le r ic a l m ethods and o ffic e p r a c tic e s and p roced u res
which re la te s to the c le r ic a l p ro c e s s in g and re co rd in g o f tran saction s and accounting in form a tion .
With ex p e rie n c e , the w o rk e r ty p ic a lly becom es fa m ilia r with the bookkeeping and accounting te rm s
and p roce d u res used in the assign ed w ork, but is not re q u ired to have a know ledge o f the fo rm a l
p rin c ip le s o f bookkeeping and accounting.




NOTE:

P o s itio n s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the basis o f the fo llow in g definitions.
C la ss A . Under ge n era l su p ervision , p erfo rm s accounting c le r ic a l operations which
re q u ire the a pplication o f e x p erien c e and judgm ent, fo r exam ple, c le r ic a lly p rocessin g co m ­
p lica ted o r n on rep etitive accounting tran saction s, sele ctin g among a substantial v a rie ty o f
p r e s c r ib e d accounting codes and cla s s ific a tio n s , o r tra cin g tran saction s through previou s
accounting actions to d eterm in e sou rce o f d is c rep a n cies.
M ay be a ssisted by one o r m o re
c la ss B accounting c le r k s .
C la ss B . Under clo s e su p ervisio n , fo llow in g deta iled in stru ction s and standardized p r o ­
ced u res, p e r fo rm s one o r m o re routine accounting c le r ic a l opera tio n s, such as posting to
le d g e rs , ca rd s, o r w orksh eets w h ere id en tifica tion o f item s and location s o f postings a re
c le a r ly indicated; checking a ccu ra cy and co m pleten ess o f standardized and re p e titiv e re c o rd s
o r accounting documents; and coding documents using a few p r e s c r ib e d accounting codes.
C L E R K , F IL E
F ile s , c la s s ifie s , and re tr ie v e s m a te r ia l in an establish ed filin g system . May p e rfo rm
c le r ic a l and manual tasks requ ired to m aintain file s . P o sition s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the
basis o f the fo llo w in g d efin ition s.
C la ss A . C la s s ifie s and indexes file m a te r ia l such as corresp o n d en ce, re p o rts , te c h ­
n ical docum ents, e tc ., in an esta blish ed filin g system containing a number o f va rie d subject
m a tte r file s . M ay also fi l e this m a te r ia l. M ay keep re c o rd s o f variou s types in conjunction
with the file s .
M a y lea d a sm all group o f lo w e r le v e l file c le r k s .
C la ss B . S orts, cod es, and file s
ings o r p a rtly c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l by
c r o s s - r e fe r e n c e a ids. A s requ ested,
w ards m a te r ia l. M ay p e r fo rm re la te d

C la ss C . P e r fo r m s routine filin g o f m a te r ia l that has a lrea d y been c la s s ifie d o r which
is e a s ily c la s s ifie d in a sim ple s e r ia l c la s s ific a tio n system (e .g ., alph abetical, ch ro n o lo gica l,
o r n u m eric a l). A s requ ested, lo ca tes re a d ily a va ila b le m a te r ia l in file s and fo rw a rd s m a ­
t e r ia l; and m ay f i l l out w ithdraw al ch a rge. M ay p e r fo rm sim ple c le r ic a l and manual tasks
re q u ired to m aintain and s e r v ic e file s .
C L E R K , O RD ER
R e c e iv e s c u sto m ers' o rd e r s fo r m a te r ia l o r m erch a n d ise by m a il, phone, o r p erso n a lly.
Duties in vo lv e any com bination o f the fo llo w in g : Quoting o r ic e s to cu sto m ers; making out an o rd e r
sheet lis tin g the item s to m ake up the o rd e r ; checking p r ic e s and quantities o f item s on o rd e r
sheet; and distrib u tin g o rd e r sheets to re s p e c tiv e departm ents to be fille d . M ay check with cred it
departm ent to d eterm in e c r e d it ratin g o f cu sto m er, acknow ledge re c e ip t o f o rd e r s from cu sto m ers,
fo llo w up o rd e r s to see that th ey have been fille d , keep file o f o rd e r s re c e iv e d , and check shipping
in vo ic es with o rig in a l o r d e r s .
CLERK, P A Y R O L L
Com putes w ages o f com pany em p loy ees and en ters the n e c e s s a ry data on the p a yroll
sh eets. Duties in vo lv e: C alcu lating w o r k e r s ' earn in gs based on tim e o r production re c o rd s ; and
posting calcu lated data on p a y r o ll sheet, showing in form a tion such as w o r k e r 's nam e, w orking
days, tim e , ra te, deductions fo r in su rance, and tota l w ages due. M ay m ake out paychecks and
a s s is t p a ym a ster in m akin g up and distrib u tin g pay en velo p es. M ay use a calcu latin g m achine.

The Bureau has discontinued c o lle c tin g data fo r co m p to m eter o p era to rs.

17

u n c la s sified m a te r ia l by sim ple (subject m a tter) head­
fin e r subheadings. P r e p a re s sim ple related index and
lo ca tes c le a r ly id en tified m a te r ia l in file s and f o r ­
c le r ic a l tasks re q u ired to m aintain and s e r v ic e file s .

18
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

O p era tes a keypunch m ach in e to re c o r d
tabulating card s o r on tape.

o r v e r ify

alphabetic

and/or n u m eric

data on

P o s itio n s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the b asis o f the fo llo w in g d efin itio n s.
C la ss A . W ork re q u ir e s the app lica tio n o f ex p e rie n c e and judgm ent in se le c tin g p r o c e ­
dures to be fo llo w e d and in sea rch in g fo r , in te rp re tin g , s ele ctin g , o r coding item s to be
keypunched fr o m a v a r ie ty o f so u rce docum ents. On o cca sio n m ay also p e r fo rm som e routine
keypunch w o rk .
M a y tra in in e x p e rie n c e d keypunch o p e ra to rs .

N O T E : Th e t e r m " c o rp o ra te o ffic e r , " used in the le v e l defin ition s fo llow in g, r e fe r s to
those o ffic ia ls who have a sig n ifican t c o rp o ra te -w id e p olicym akin g ro le with re ga rd to m a jo r
com pany a c tiv itie s . Th e t it le " v ic e p r e s id e n t ," though n o rm a lly in d ica tive o f this ro le , does not
in a ll ca ses id en tify such po sition s. V ic e presid en ts whose p r im a ry re sp o n sib ility is to act p e r ­
son ally on in dividu al ca ses o r tra n sa ction s (e .g ., ap p rove o r deny individual loan o r c re d it actions;
a d m in ister in dividu al tru st accounts; d ir e c t ly s u p ervise a c le r ic a l sta ff) a re not con sid ered to be
" c o rp o ra te o ffic e r s " fo r pu rposes o f applying the fo llo w in g le v e l d efin itio n s .
C la ss A

a ll,
C la ss B . W ork is routine and r e p e t it iv e . Under c lo s e su p ervisio n o r fo llo w in g s p e c ific
p ro ce d u res o r in stru ction s, w ork s fr o m va rio u s stan d ardized sou rce docum ents which have
been coded, and fo llo w s s p e c ifie d p ro ce d u res which have been p r e s c r ib e d in d e ta il and re q u ire
lit t le o r no s e le c tin g , codin g, o r in te rp r e tin g o f data to be re c o rd e d . R e fe r s to s u p erviso r
p ro b le m s a ris in g fr o m e rro n eo u s item s o r codes o r m is s in g in form a tion .

1. S e c re ta r y to the ch airm an o f the board o r presid en t o f a com pany that em p loys, in
o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5,000 p e r s o n s ; o r

2. S e c re ta r y to a co rp o ra te o ffic e r (o th er than the ch airm an o f the board o r p resid en t)
o f a com pany that em p lo y s, in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 but fe w e r than 25, 000 p ers o n s ; o r
3. S e c re ta r y to the head, im m e d ia te ly below the co rp o ra te o ffic e r le v e l,
segm en t o r su b sid iary o f a com pany that em p loy s, in a ll, o v e r 25,000 p e rs o n s .

o f a m a jo r

C la ss B

M E SSENG ER (O ffic e B oy o r G ir l)

1. S e c re ta r y to the ch airm an o f the board o r p resid en t o f a com pany that em p lo y s, in
fe w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

P e r fo r m s va rio u s rou tine duties such as running e rra n d s , o p era tin g m in o r o ffic e m a ­
chines such as s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , opening and d istrib u tin g m a il, and oth er m in o r c le r ic a l w ork.
E xclu de po sition s that r e q u ir e o p era tio n o f a m o to r v e h ic le as a sig n ifican t duty.

a ll,

SECRETARY

3. S e c re ta r y to the head, im m e d ia te ly b elow the o ffic e r le v e l, o v e r eith er a m a jo r
c o rp o ra te -w id e functional a c tiv ity (e .g ., m a rk etin g , re s e a rc h , o p era tio n s, in du strial r e la tion s, e tc .) or~a m a jo r geog ra p h ic o r o rg a n iza tio n a l segm en t (e .g ., a re g io n a l h eadqu arters;
a m a jo r d iv is io n ) o f a com pany that em p loy s, in a ll, o v e r 5,000 but fe w e r than 25,000
e m p lo y e e s ; o r

A ss ig n e d as p erso n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to one in dividu a l. M aintains a c lo s e and h igh ly
re sp o n siv e re la tio n s h ip to the d a y -to -d a y w ork o f the s u p e r v is o r. W orks f a ir ly independently r e ­
c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d eta iled s u p ervisio n and guidance. P e r fo r m s v a rie d c le r ic a l and s e c r e t a r ia l
du ties, u su ally in clu ding m o st o f the fo llo w in g :

a. R e c e iv e s teleph one c a lls , p erso n a l c a lle r s , and in com ing m a il,
in q u ire s , and rou tes tech n ic a l in q u irie s to the p r o p e r p erso n s;

a n sw ers

b.

E s ta b lis h e s , m a in tain s,

c.

R e la y s m e s s a g e s fr o m

4. S e c re ta r y to the head o f an in dividu al plant, fa c to ry , etc. (o r oth er equ ivalen t le v e l
o f o ffic ia l) that em p lo y s, in a ll, o v e r 5,000 p e rs o n s ; or
5. S e c re ta r y to the head o f a la r g e and im p orta n t o rga n iza tio n a l segm ent (e .g ., a m id d le
m an agem ent su p e rv is o r o f an o rga n iza tio n a l segm en t often in volv in g as m any as s e v e r a l
hundred p erso n s) o r a com pany that em p lo y s, in a ll, o v e r 25,000 p e r s o n s .

M ain tain s the s u p e r v is o r 's ca len d a r and m akes appointm ents as in stru cted;

d.

routine

2. S e c re ta r y to a co rp o ra te o ffic e r (o th er than the ch a irm a n o f the board o r p resid en t)
o f a com pany that em p loy s, in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5,000 p e r s o n s ; o r

and r e v is e s the s u p e r v is o r 's file s ;
C la ss C

s u p e r v is o r to subordinates;

e.
R e v ie w s c o rresp o n d en c e, m em oran d u m s, and re p o rts p rep a red
s u p e r v is o r 's sign atu re to a ssu re p ro ce d u ra l and typ o gra p h ic accu ra cy;
f.

by oth ers fo r the

1. S e c re ta r y to an ex ecu tive o r m a n a g e ria l p erso n whose r e s p o n s ib ility is not equ ivalen t
to one o f the s p e c ific le v e l situations in the defin itio n fo r c la s s B, but whose o rga n izatio n a l
unit n o rm a lly num bers at le a s t s e v e ra l dozen em p loy ees and is u su ally divid ed into o rg a n iz a ­
tion al segm en ts which a re often , in turn, fu rth er subdivided. In som e com pan ies, this le v e l
in clu des a w ide ran ge o f o rga n iza tio n a l ech elon s; in o th ers, on ly one o r tw o; £ r
2. S e c re ta r y to the head o f an in dividu al plant, fa c to ry , etc . (o r oth er equ ivalen t le v e l
o f o ffic ia l) that em p loy s, in a ll, fe w e r than 5,000 p e r s o n s .

P e r fo r m s sten ograph ic and typin g w ork.

M ay a lso p e r fo r m o th er c le r ic a l and s e c r e t a r ia l tasks o f com p a rab le nature and d iffic u lty .
The w ork ty p ic a lly re q u ire s kn ow ledge o f o ffic e routine and understanding o f the o rga n iza tio n ,
p r o g ra m s , and p r o ce d u res re la te d to the w ork o f the s u p e r v is o r.

E x clu sion s
Not a ll p o sition s that a re title d " s e c r e t a r y " p o ss e s s the above c h a ra c te ris tic s .
o f p o sition s which a re exclu ded fr o m the d efin itio n a re as fo llo w s :

E xam ples

C la ss D
1. S e c re ta r y to the su p e rv is o r o r head o f a sm a ll o rga n iza tio n a l unit (e .g ., fe w e r than
about 25 o r 30 p ers o n s ); m2. S e c re ta r y to a n on su p erviso ry s ta ff s p e c ia lis t, p ro fe s s io n a l em p loy ee, a d m in istra ­
t iv e o ffi c e r , o r a ssista n t, sk ille d tech n ician o r e x p ert.
(N O T E : Many com panies assign
sten og ra p h ers , ra th e r than s e c r e ta r ie s as d e s c rib e d above, to this le v e l o f s u p erviso ry o r
n o n su p erviso ry w o r k e r .)
STENO G R APH ER

a.

P o s itio n s

which do not m e e t the

" p e r s o n a l"

s e c re ta ry

b.

concept d e s c rib e d

above;

S ten ograp h ers not fu lly tra in ed in s e c r e t a r ia l type duties;

c.
S ten ograp h ers s e r v in g as o ffic e a ssista n ts to a group o f p r o fe s s io n a l, tech n ic a l, o r
m a n a g e r ia l p erso n s;
d. S e c r e ta r y position s in which the duties a re eith e r su bstan tially m o re routine o r
su bstan tially m o re co m p le x and re sp o n sib le than those c h a ra c te riz e d in the defin ition ;

P r im a r y duty is to take dicta tion u sing shorthand, and to tra n s c rib e the dictation . M ay
a lso type fr o m w ritten copy. M ay o p era te fr o m a sten ograph ic pool. M ay o cca sio n a lly tra n s c rib e
fr o m v o ic e re c o rd in g s ( i f p r im a r y duty is tra n s c rib in g fr o m re c o r d in g s , see T r a n scrib in g -M a ch in e
O p e ra to r, G e n era l).
N O T E : Th is jo b is distin gu ish ed fr o m that o f a s e c r e ta r y in that a s e c re ta ry n o rm a lly
works, in a co n fid en tia l re latio n s h ip with only one m a n a ger o r ex ecu tive and p e rfo rm s m o re
re sp o n sib le and d is c re tio n a ry tasks as d e s c rib e d in the s e c r e t a r y job d efin itio n .
S ten ograp h er, G en era l

e. A s s is ta n t type po sition s which in v o lv e m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e re sp o n s ib le te c h ­
n ic a l, a d m in is tra tiv e , s u p e r v is o ry , o r s p e c ia liz e d c le r ic a l duties which a re not ty p ic a l o f
s e c r e t a r ia l w ork.




D ictation in v o lv e s a n orm a l routine v o ca b u la ry. M ay m ain tain file s , keep sim ple re c o r d s ,
o r p e r fo r m o th er r e la t iv e ly routine c le r ic a l ta sk s.

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S T E N O G R A P H E R — C o n tin u ed

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R ( E l e c t r i c A c c o u n tin g M a c h in e O p e r a t o r )— C on tin u ed

Sten ogra p h er. Senior

P o sition s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the basis o f the fo llow in g definitions.

D ictation in v o lv e s a v a rie d tech n ical o r s p e c ia lize d vocabu lary such as in leg a l b rie fs
o r re p o rts on s c ie n tific re s e a rc h .
M ay also set up and m aintain file s , keep r e c o r d s , etc.
OR
P e r fo r m s stenographic duties re qu irin g sig n ific a n tly g r e a te r independence and resp o n ­
s ib ility than sten ogra p h er, g e n era l, as evid enced by the fo llow in g:
W ork re q u ires a high
d e g re e o f stenographic speed and accu ra cy; a thorough w orkin g knowledge o f gen era l business
and o ffic e p roced u re; and o f the s p e c ific business opera tio n s, organ ization , p o lic ie s , p r o c e ­
du res, file s , w ork flo w , etc.
Uses this knowledge in p erfo rm in g stenographic duties and
resp o n sib le c le r ic a l tasks such as m aintaining follow u p file s ; a ssem blin g m a te r ia l fo r re p orts,
m em orandum s, and le t t e r s ; com posin g sim ple le tte rs fro m gen era l in stru ction s; read ing and
routing in com ing m a il; and a nsw erin g routine qu estion s, etc.
S W ITC H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C la ss A . O perates a sin gle- o r m u ltiple-p osition telephone sw itchboard handling incom ing,
outgoing, intraplant o r o ffic e c a lls . P e r fo r m s full telephone in form ation s e r v ic e o r handles
com p lex c a lls , such as co n feren ce, c o lle c t, o v e rs e a s , o r s im ila r c a lls , eith er in addition to
doing routine w ork as d e s crib e d fo r sw itchboard o p era to r, cla ss B, o r as a fu ll-tim e
assignm ent. (" F u l l " telephone in form a tion s e r v ic e occu rs when the establish m ent has v a rie d
functions that a re not re a d ily understandable fo r telephone in form ation pu rp oses, e.g ., because
o f o verla p p in g o r in te rre la te d functions, and consequently presen t frequ ent prob lem s as to
which extensions a re a ppropria te fo r c a lls .)
C la ss B . O perates a single- o r m u ltip le-p ositio n telephone sw itchboard handling in com ing,
outgoing, intraplant o r o ffic e c a lls . M ay handle routine long distance c a lls and re c o rd to lls .
M ay p e r fo rm lim ite d telephone in form a tion s e r v ic e . (" L im it e d " telephone in form a tion s e r v ic e
occu rs i f the functions o f the establishm ent s e r v ic e d a re re a d ily understandable fo r telephone
in form a tion pu rp oses, o r i f the requ ests a re routine, e.g ., giving extension numbers when
s p e c ific names a re furnished, o r i f co m p lex ca lls a re r e fe r r e d to another o p e ra to r.)
T h ese cla s s ific a tio n s do not include sw itchboard o p era to rs in telephone com panies who
a s s is t cu sto m ers in placin g ca lls,
SW ITC H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
In addition to p erfo rm in g duties o f o p era to r on a s in gle-p o sitio n o r m o n ito r-ty p e sw itch ­
board, acts as re c ep tio n ist and m ay also type o r p e r fo rm routine c le r ic a l w ork as part o f regu la r
duties.
Th is typing o r c le r ic a l work m ay take the m a jo r part o f this w o r k e r 's tim e w hile at
sw itchboard,
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (E le c tr ic Accounting Machine O p era to r)
O p era tes one o r a v a rie ty o f m achines such as the tabu lator, ca lcu la tor, c o lla to r, in te r­
p r e te r, s o rte r , reprodu cin g punch, etc. Excluded fro m this definition a re w orkin g su p e rv is o rs .
A ls o excluded a re o p era to rs o f e le c tro n ic d ig ita l com pu ters, even though they m ay also o pera te
E A M equipment.

C la ss A . P e r fo r m s com plete rep ortin g and tabulating assignm ents including devisin g
d ifficu lt co n trol panel w irin g under gen era l su pervision . Assignm ents ty p ic a lly in volve a
v a r ie ty o f long and com p lex re p o rts which often a re ir r e g u la r o r n on recu rrin g, requ irin g
som e planning o f the nature and sequencing o f operations, and the use o f a v a rie ty o f m a ­
chines.
Is ty p ic a lly in volved in train in g new o p era to rs in machine operations o r train ing
lo w e r le v e l o p era to rs in w irin g fro m dia gra m s and in the operatin g sequences o f long and
com p lex re p o rts ,
Does not include positions in which w irin g re sp o n sib ility is lim ited to
sele ction and in sertio n o f p r e w ire d boards.
C lass B . P e r fo r m s w ork accordin g to establish ed procedu res and under s p e c ific in ­
stru ction s. A ssignm ents ty p ic a lly in volve com plete but routine and re c u rrin g rep orts o r parts
o f la r g e r and m o re com p lex re p o rts. O perates m o re d ifficu lt tabulating o r e le c tr ic a l a c ­
counting m achines such as the tabulator and ca lcu la tor, in addition to the sim p ler m achines
used by cla ss C o p e ra to rs . M ay be re qu ired to do som e w irin g fro m dia gra m s. M ay train
new em p loy ees in basic m achine operations.
C la ss C . Under s p e c ific in stru ction s, operates sim ple tabulating o r e le c tr ic a l accounting
m achines such as the s o rte r , in te rp r e te r, reprodu cing punch, c o lla to r, etc. A ssignm ents
ty p ic a lly in volv e portions o f a w ork unit, fo r exam ple, individual sortin g o r collatin g runs,
o r re p e titiv e o p era tio n s. M ay p e r fo rm sim ple w irin g fro m d ia gra m s, and do some filin g w ork.
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L
P r im a r y duty is to tra n scrib e dictation in volving a norm al routine vocabu lary from
tra n scrib in g -m a ch in e re c o rd s .
M ay also type fro m w ritten copy and do sim ple c le r ic a l w ork.
W ork ers tra n scrib in g dictation in volvin g a v a rie d tech nical o r s p e cia lize d vocabu lary such as
le g a l b r ie fs o r re p orts on sc ie n tific re sea rch a re not included. A w o rk er who takes dictation
in shorthand o r by Stenotype o r s im ila r machine is c la s s ifie d as a sten ograph er.
T Y P IS T
U ses a ty p e w r ite r to m ake co pies o f variou s m a te ria ls o r to m ake out b ills a fte r ca lcu la ­
tions have been m ade by another person . M ay include typing of sten cils, m ats, o r s im ila r m a te ­
ria ls fo r use in duplicating p r o c e s s e s . M ay do c le r ic a l w ork in volvin g little sp ecia l train ing, such
as keeping sim p le re c o r d s , filin g re c o rd s and re p o rts, o r sortin g and distribu tin g incom ing m a il.
C lass A . P e r fo r m s one o r m o re o f the fo llo w in g : Typing m a teria l in final fo rm when
it in volves com bining m a te ria l fro m s e v e ra l sou rces: o r re sp o n sib ility fo r c o rr e c t spellin g,
syllab ica tio n , punctuation, etc., o f technical o r unusual w ords o r fo reig n language m a te ­
ria l; o r planning layout and typing o f co m plicated sta tistica l ta bles to m aintain u n iform ity
and balance in spacing. May type routine fo rm le tte r s , va ry in g d eta ils to suit circu m sta n ces,
C la ss B . P e r fo r m s one o r m o re o f the fo llo w in g : Copy typing from rough o r c le a r
d rafts; o r routine typing o f fo rm s , insurance p o lic ie s , etc.; o r setting up sim ple standard
tabulations; o r copying m o re com plex tables a lrea d y set up and spaced p ro p e rly .

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
CO M PUTER O PER ATO R

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — Continued

M o n ito rs and o p era tes the con trol con sole o f a d ig ita l com puter to p ro c e s s data accordin g
to operatin g in stru ctio n s, usually p rep a red by a p r o g ra m e r . W ork includes m ost o f the fo llo w in g :
Studies in stru ction s to d eterm in e equipment setup and o pera tion s; loads equipment with requ ired
item s (tape r e e ls , ca rd s, e tc .); sw itch es n ecess a ry a u x ilia ry equipment into c ir c u it, and starts
and op era tes com pu ter; m akes adjustments to com puter to c o r r e c t operatin g prob lem s and m eet
sp e cia l conditions; re view s e r r o r s m ade during operation and determ in es cause o r r e fe r s problem
to s u p erviso r o r p r o g ra m e r ; and m aintains operatin g r e c o r d s . M ay test and a ssist in c o rr e c tin g
p ro g ra m .
F o r w age study pu rp oses,

com puter o p era to rs a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s:

o f new p rog ra m s re q u ired ; a ltern a te p ro g ra m s a re provid ed in case o rig in a l p rogra m needs
m a jo r change o r cannot be c o rr e c te d within a reason able tim e.
In common e r r o r situ a­
tion s, diagnoses cause and takes c o r r e c t iv e action. This usually in vo lv es applying p revio u s ly
p rog ra m ed c o r r e c t iv e steps, o r using standard c o rr e c tio n techniques.
OR
O perates under d ir e c t su p ervisio n a com puter running p rog ra m s o r segm ents o f p rog ra m s
with the c h a ra c te ris tic s d es crib e d fo r c la ss A . M ay a ssist a h igh er le v e l o p era to r by in de­
pendently p e rfo rm in g less d iffic u lt tasks a ssigned, and p erfo rm in g d ifficu lt tasks fo llow in g
deta iled in stru ction s and with frequent re v ie w o f operations p e rfo rm e d .
C lass C . W orks on routine p rog ra m s under clo s e su p ervisio n .
Is expected to d evelop
w orking know ledge o f the com puter equipment used and a b ility to detect problem s in volved in
running routine p ro g ra m s . U su ally has re c e iv e d som e fo rm a l tra in in g in com puter operation.
M ay a s s is t h igh er le v e l o p era to r on com plex p ro g ra m s.

C la ss A . O perates independently, o r under only ge n era l d irection , a com puter running
p ro g ra m s with m o st o f the fo llow in g c h a ra c te ris tic s :
N ew p rog ra m s a re freq u en tly tested
and introduced; scheduling requ irem en ts a re o f c r itic a l im portan ce to m in im iz e downtim e;
the p ro g ra m s a re o f co m p lex design so that id en tifica tion o f e r r o r sou rce often re q u ires a
w orkin g know ledge o f the total p rog ra m , and a ltern a te p rog ra m s m ay not be a va ila b le. M ay
g iv e d irectio n and guidance to lo w e r le v e l o p e ra to rs .

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M E R , BUSINESS

C la ss B . O perates independently, o r under only gen era l d irection , a com puter running
p ro g ra m s with m ost o f the fo llo w in g c h a ra c te ris tic s : M ost o f the p rog ra m s a re establish ed
production runs, ty p ic a lly run on a re g u la rly re c u rrin g basis; there is little o r no testin g

C o n verts statem ents o f business p ro b le m s, ty p ic a lly p repa red by a system s analyst, into
a sequence o f d eta iled in stru ction s which a re re qu ired to so lve the problem s by automatic data
p ro c e s s in g equipm ent. W orking fro m charts o r d ia gra m s, the p r o g ra m e r develop s the p r e c is e in ­
structions which, when en tered into the com pu ter system in coded language, cause the m anipulation




20
CO M PUTER

PROGRAM ER,

B U S IN E S S — C o n tin u e d

o f data to a ch ieve d e s ire d re su lts . W ork in vo lv es m o st o f the fo llo w in g : A p p lies know ledge o f
com pu ter c a p a b ilitie s , m a th em a tics, lo g ic em p loy ed by com pu ters, and p a rtic u la r subject m a tter
in volv ed to a nalyze ch arts and d ia g ra m s o f the p ro b le m to be p rog ra m ed ; develop s sequence
o f p ro g ra m steps; w rite s d eta iled flo w ch a rts to show o rd e r in which data w ill be p ro ce ssed ;
co n v erts these ch arts to coded in stru ction s fo r m ach in e to fo llo w ; tests and c o r r e c ts p ro g ra m s;
p re p a re s in stru ction s fo r opera tin g person n el during produ ction run; a n a ly zes, re v ie w s , and a lters
p ro g ra m s to in c re a s e o p era tin g e ffic ie n c y o r adapt to new re qu irem en ts: m ain tain s re c o rd s o f
p ro g ra m d evelop m en t and re v is io n s . (N O T E : W o rk ers p e r fo rm in g both system s a n alysis and p r o ­
gra m in g should be c la s s ifie d as system s analysts i f th is is the sk ill used to d eterm in e th e ir pay.)
Does not include em p loy ees p r im a r ily re s p o n sib le fo r the m anagem ent o r su p ervisio n o f
oth er e le c tr o n ic data p ro c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o g ra m e r s p r im a r ily con cern ed with scie n tific
and/or en gin eerin g p ro b le m s .
F o r w age study p u rp ose s, p r o g ra m e r s a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s:
C la ss A . W orks independently o r under only g e n era l d ir e c tio n on co m p le x p rob le m s which
re q u ire com peten ce in a ll phases o f p rog ra m in g concepts and p r a c tic e s . W orking fr o m d ia ­
gra m s and ch arts which id en tify the nature o f d e s ire d re su lts , m a jo r p ro c e s s in g steps to be
a cco m p lish ed , and the relatio n sh ip s betw een va rio u s steps o f the p ro b le m so lvin g routine:
plans the fu ll ran ge o f p ro g ra m in g action s needed to e ffic ie n tly u tilize the com pu ter system
in a ch ievin g d e s ire d end produ cts.
A t this le v e l, p ro g ra m in g is d iffic u lt becau se com pu ter equipment m ust be o rg a n iz ed to
produce s e v e ra l in te rre la te d but d iv e r s e produ cts fro m num erous and d iv e r s e data elem en ts.
A w ide v a rie ty and e x ten s ive num ber o f in tern al p ro c e s s in g action s must o ccu r. Th is re q u ires
such actions as d evelop m en t o f com m on o p era tion s which can be reu sed, establish m ent o f
lin kage points betw een o p era tio n s, adjustm ents to data when p ro g ra m re q u irem en ts ex ceed
com pu ter sto ra ge ca p a city, and substantial m anipulation and resequ encing o f data elem en ts
to fo rm a h igh ly in te gra ted p ro g ra m .
M ay p ro v id e functional d ir e c tio n to lo w e r le v e l p r o g ra m e r s who a re a ssign ed to a s s is t.
C la ss B .' W orks independently o r under only ge n era l d ire c tio n on r e la t iv e ly sim ple
p ro g ra m s , o r on sim p le segm en ts o f co m p le x p r o g ra m s .
P r o g ra m s (o r segm en ts) usually
p ro c e s s in form a tion to produ ce data in two o r th ree v a rie d sequences o r fo rm a ts . R ep orts
and listin g s a re produced by re fin in g , adapting, a rra y in g , o r m aking m in o r additions to o r
deletio n s fr o m input data which a re re a d ily a v a ila b le .
W hile num erous r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the data have been re fin e d in p r io r action s so that the a ccu ra cy and sequencing
o f data can be tested by using a few routine ch ecks. T y p ic a lly , the p ro g ra m d eals with
routine re c o r d -k e e p in g type o p era tio n s.
OR
W orks on c o m p le x p ro g ra m s (as d es c rib e d fo r cla ss A ) under clo s e d ir e c tio n o f a h igh er
le v e l p r o g ra m e r o r s u p e rv is o r. M ay a s s is t h igh er le v e l p r o g ra m e r by independently p e r ­
fo rm in g le s s d iffic u lt tasks a ssign ed , and p e r fo rm in g m o r e d iffic u lt tasks under fa ir ly clo se
d irectio n .
M ay guide o r in stru ct lo w e r le v e l p r o g ra m e r s .
C la ss C . M akes p r a c tic a l applications o f p ro g ra m in g p ra c tic e s and concepts usually
le a rn ed in fo rm a l tra in in g co u rs e s . A ssign m en ts a re d esign ed to d ev elop com petence in the
application o f standard p roced u res to routine p ro b le m s. R e c e iv e s clo s e su p ervisio n bn new
aspects o f assign m en ts; and w ork is re v ie w e d to v e r ify its a ccu ra cy and con form a n ce with
re q u ired p roce d u res.
C O M P U T E R S YS TE M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS
A n a ly ze s business p ro b le m s to fo rm u la te p ro ce d u res fo r so lvin g them by use o f ele c tro n ic
data p ro c e s s in g equipm ent. D evelops a co m p le te d es c rip tio n o f a ll sp e cifica tion s needed to enable
p r o g ra m e r s to p rep a re re q u ired d ig ita l com pu ter p r o g ra m s . W ork in vo lv es m o st of the fo llo w in g :
A n a ly ze s s u b jec t-m a tter op era tio n s to be autom ated and id en tifie s conditions and c r it e r ia re qu ired
to a ch ieve s a tis fa c to ry resu lts; s p e c ifie s num ber and types o f re c o r d s , file s , and documents to
be used; outlin es actions to be p e r fo rm e d by person n el and com pu ters in su ffic ien t d etail fo r
presen tatio n to m an agem ent and fo r p ro g ra m in g (ty p ic a lly this in vo lv es p rep a ra tion o f w ork and
data flo w ch a rts); coord in ates the d evelop m en t o f te s t p rob le m s and p a rticip a tes in t r ia l runs o f
new and re v is e d sy stem s; and recom m en ds equipm ent changes to obtain m o re e ffe c t iv e o v e r a ll
o p era tio n s. (N O T E : W ork ers p e r fo rm in g both sy stem s a n a ly sis and p rog ra m in g should be c la s ­
s ifie d as system s analysts i f this is the sk ill used to d eterm in e th e ir pay.)
Does not include em p loy ees p r im a r ily re sp o n sib le fo r the m anagem ent o r su p ervisio n
o f oth er e le c tr o n ic data p ro c e s s in g em p lo y e e s , o r system s analysts p r im a r ily concern ed with
s c ie n tific o r en gin eerin g p ro b le m s.
F o r w age study pu rp oses,

system s analysts a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

C la ss A .
W orks independently o r under on ly ge n era l d ire c tio n on co m p lex p rob le m s in ­
v o lv in g a ll phases o f system s a n a ly sis. P ro b le m s a re co m p le x because o f d iv e r s e sou rces o f
input data and m u ltip le -u s e requ irem en ts o f output data. (F o r exa m p le, develop s an in tegrated
production scheduling, in ven to ry co n tro l, co st a n a ly sis, and sa les an a lysis r e c o r d in which




CO M PUTER

SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T ,

B U S IN E S S — C o n tin u ed

e v e r y item o f each type is a u tom a tica lly p r o ce ssed through the fu ll system o f re cord s and
a ppropria te follow u p actions a re in itia ted by the com puter.) C o n fers with persons concern ed to
d eterm in e the data p ro c e s s in g p roblem s and a d vises s u b jec t-m a tter personn el on the im p lic a ­
tions o f new o r re v is e d system s o f data p ro c e s s in g o p era tio n s. M akes recom m en dation s, i f
needed, fo r a p proval o f m a jo r system s in stalla tio n s o r changes and fo r obtaining equipment.
M ay p rovid e functional d ire c tio n to lo w e r
a ssist.

le v e l system s analysts who a re assigned to

C la ss B . W orks independently o r under only gen era l d ire c tio n on problem s that a re
r e la t iv e ly u ncom plicated to ana lyze, plan, p r o g ra m , and o p era te. P ro b le m s a re o f lim ited
co m p le x ity becau se sou rces o f input data a re hom ogeneous and the output data a re c lo s e ly
re la ted .
(F o r ex a m p le, develop s system s fo r m aintaining d ep o sito r accounts in a bank,
m ain tain in g accounts re c e iv a b le in a r e ta il establish m ent, o r m aintaining in ven tory accounts
in a m anufacturing o r w h o le s a le esta b lish m en t.) C o n fers with person s concern ed to d eterm in e
the data p ro c e s s in g p rob le m s and a d vises su b je c t-m a tte r personn el on the im p lica tio n s o f the
data p ro c e s s in g system s to be applied.
OR
W orks on a segm en t o f a co m p lex data p ro c e s s in g schem e o r sy stem , as d es c rib e d fo r
cla ss A . W orks independently on routine a ssignm ents and r e c e iv e s in stru ction and guidance
on co m p le x a ssignm ents. W ork is re v ie w e d fo r a ccu ra cy o f judgm ent, com plian ce with in ­
stru ctions, and to in su re p ro p e r alinem en t with the o v e r a ll system .
C la ss C . W orks under im m ed ia te su p ervisio n , c a rr y in g out a nalyses as assigned, usually
o f a sin gle a c tiv ity .
A ssign m en ts a re design ed to d ev elo p and expand p r a c tic a l e x p erien c e
in the a pplication o f p roce d u res and sk ills re q u ired fo r system s an a lysis w ork. F o r ex a m p le,
m a y a s s is t a h igh er le v e l sy stem s analyst by p r ep a rin g the d eta iled sp e cifica tion s re q u ired
by p r o g ra m e r s fro m in form a tion develop ed by the h igh er le v e l analyst.
D RAFTSM AN
C la ss A . Plan s the graphic p resen tation o f co m p lex item s having d istin ctive design
fea tu res that d iffe r sig n ific a n tly fr o m esta b lish ed d raftin g p reced e n ts. W orks in c lo s e sup­
p o rt with the design o rig in a to r , and m ay recom m en d m in o r design changes. A n a ly ze s the
e ffe c t o f each change on the d eta ils o f fo rm , function, and p o sition al relation sh ips o f c o m ­
ponents and p a rts .
W orks with a m inim um o f su p e rv is o ry a ssista n ce. C om pleted w ork is
re v ie w e d by design o rig in a to r fo r co n sisten cy with p r io r en gin eerin g determ in a tion s.
M ay
eith e r p r e p a re d raw in gs, o r d ir e c t th e ir p rep a ra tion by lo w e r le v e l draftsm en .
C la ss B . P e r fo r m s nonroutine and co m p lex draftin g assignm ents that re q u ire the a p p li­
cation o f m o st o f the stand ardized draw in g techniques re g u la rly used. Duties ty p ic a lly in ­
v o lv e such w ork as:
P r e p a r e s w orkin g draw in gs of su b a ssem blies with ir r e g u la r shapes,
m u ltip le functions, and p r e c is e p o sition al relatio n sh ip s betw een com ponents: p rep a res a r c h i­
tectu ra l draw in gs fo r constru ction o f a building including d eta il d raw in gs o f foundations, w a ll
sectio n s, flo o r plans, and ro o f. Uses a ccep ted fo rm u la s and m anuals in m aking n ece s s a ry
com putations to d eterm in e qu antities o f m a te r ia ls to be used, load c a p a cities, strength s,
s tr e s s e s , etc.
R e c e iv e s in itia l in stru ction s, re q u irem en ts, and a d vice fro m s u p e rv is o r.
C om p leted w ork is checked fo r tech n ical adequacy.
C la ss C . P r e p a re s d eta il draw in gs o f sin gle units o r parts fo r en gin eerin g , constru ction ,
m anu facturing, o r re p a ir pu rp oses. T y p es of draw in gs p rep a red include is o m e tr ic p ro jec tio n s
(dep ictin g th ree dim ension s in accu rate s c a le ) and section al view s to c la r ify position in g o f
com ponents and con vey needed in form a tion . C on solid ates d eta ils fro m a num ber o f sou rces
and adjusts o r tra n sp o ses sca le as re q u ired . Suggested m ethods o f approach, a p p licable
p reced e n ts, and a d vice on sou rce m a te r ia ls a re given with in itia l assignm ents. Instru ctions
a re le s s co m p le te when assignm ents re c u r.
W ork m ay be spot-ch ecked during p r o g re s s .
D R A F T S M A N -T R A C E R
C opies plans and draw in gs p re p a re d by o th ers by p lacin g tra c in g cloth o r paper o v e r
d raw in gs and tra c in g with pen o r pen cil.
(D oes not include tra c in g lim ite d to plans p r im a r ily
con sistin g o f stra ig h t lin es and a la rg e s c a le not re q u irin g clo s e delin ea tion .)
AN D /O R
P r e p a r e s sim p le o r re p e titiv e draw in gs o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d ite m s .
during p r o g re s s .

W ork is c lo s e ly su p ervised

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N
W orks on va rio u s types of e le c tr o n ic equipm ent o r system s by p e rfo rm in g one o r m o re
o f the fo llo w in g o p era tio n s: M o d ify in g , in sta llin g , re p a irin g , and overh au lin g. T h ese operations
re q u ire the p erfo rm a n c e o f m o st o r a ll o f the fo llo w in g tasks: A s s e m b lin g , testin g, adjusting,
ca lib ra tin g , tuning, and a linin g.
W ork is n o n rep etitiv e and re q u ire s a kn ow ledge o f the th e o ry and p r a c tic e o f ele c tro n ic s
p ertain in g to the use o f ge n era l and s p e c ia lize d e le c tr o n ic test equipm ent: tro u b le an alysis; and
the o p era tio n , re la tio n s h ip , and a linem en t o f e le c tr o n ic sy stem s, su bsystem s, and circ u its having
a v a r ie ty o f com ponent p a rts.

21
E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — Continued

N U RSE, IN D U S T R IA L (R e g is te r e d )

E le c tr o n ic equipm ent o r system s w orked on ty p ic a lly include one o r m o re o f the fo llo w in g :
Ground, v e h ic le , o r a irb o rn e ra dio com m unications sy stem s, r e la y sy stem s, navigation aids;
a irb o rn e o r ground ra d a r sy stem s; ra d io and t e le v is io n tra n sm ittin g o r re co rd in g sy stem s; e l e c ­
tro n ic com pu ters; m is s ile and sp a ce cra ft guidance and c o n tro l system s; in d u stria l and m e d ica l
m easu rin g, in dicating and c o n tro llin g d ev ic e s ; etc.

A re g is te r e d nurse who g iv e s nursing s e r v ic e under ge n era l m e d ica l d irection to i l l or
injured em p loy ees o r other person s who becom e i l l o r su ffer an accident on the p rem ise s o f a
fa c to ry o r oth er establish m ent. Duties in vo lv e a com bination o f the fo llo w in g : G iving fir s t aid
to the i l l o r in jured; attending to subsequent d ressin g o f em p lo y e e s ' in ju ries; keeping re co rd s
o f patients trea ted ; p rep a rin g accident re p o rts fo r com pensation o r oth er pu rposes; a ssistin g in
p h ysical exam inations and health evaluations o f applicants and em p loy ees; and planning and c a r r y ­
ing out p ro g ra m s in volv in g health education, accident preven tion , evaluation o f plant environm ent,
o r other a c tiv itie s a ffec tin g the health, w e lfa r e , and safety o f a ll p erson n el. N u rsing s u p erviso rs
o r head n urses in establish m ents em ploying m o re than one nurse a re excluded.

(E xclu de production a s s e m b le rs and te s t e r s , cra fts m en , draftsm en , d es ig n e rs , en g in eers,
and re p a irm e n o f such standard e le c tr o n ic equipment as o ffic e m achines, ra d io and te le v is io n
re c e iv in g s e t s .)

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r fo r m s the c a rp en try duties n e c e s s a r y to constru ct and m aintain in good re p a ir bu ild­
ing w oodw ork and equipm ent such as bins, c r ib s , cou n ters, benches, p a rtitio n s, d o o rs, flo o r s ,
s ta irs , ca sin gs, and t r im m ade o f wood in an establish m ent. W ork in volv es m ost o f the fo llo w in g :
Plan nin g and la yin g out o f w ork fr o m b lu eprin ts, draw in gs, m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in stru ction s; using a
v a r ie ty o f c a rp e n te r 's handtools, p orta ble p o w er to o ls , and standard m easu ring in stru m en ts; m a k ­
ing standard shop computations re la tin g to dim ension s o f w ork; and selectin g m a te ria ls n e c e s s a ry
fo r the w ork.
In g e n e ra l, the w ork o f the m aintenance ca rp en ter re q u ires rounded tra in in g and
e x p erien c e usually acqu ired through a fo rm a l a pprenticeship o r equivalent tra in in g and ex p erien c e.

P rod u ce s rep la cem en t parts and new parts in m aking re p a irs o f m eta l parts of m echan ical
equipment operated in an establish m ent. W ork in volv es m ost o f the fo llo w in g : In terp retin g w ritten
in stru ction s and sp e cifica tio n s; pieinning and layin g out o f w ork; using a v a r ie ty o f m a ch in ist's
handtools and p re c is io n m easu rin g in stru m en ts; setting up and operatin g standard m achine too ls;
shaping o f m e ta l parts to c lo s e to le ra n c es; making standard shop computations relatin g to dim en ­
sions o f w ork , too lin g, fee d s, and speeds of m achining; know ledge o f the w orkin g p ro p e rtie s o f
the com m on m e ta ls; s ele ctin g standard m a te r ia ls , p a rts, and equipment re q u ired fo r his w ork;
and fittin g and assem blin g parts into m ech an ical equipment. In g e n era l, the m a ch in ist's w ork
n o rm a lly re q u ire s a rounded tra in in g in m achine-shop p ra c tic e usually acqu ired through a fo rm a l
apprenticeship o r equ ivalen t tra in in g and ex p erien ce.

E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r fo r m s a v a r ie ty o f e le c tr ic a l tra d e functions such as the in stalla tion , m aintenance, or
re p a ir o f equipment fo r the gen era tion , d istribu tion , o r u tiliza tio n of e le c tr ic en erg y in an esta b ­
lish m en t. W ork in vo lv es m ost o f the fo llo w in g : In sta llin g o r re p a irin g any o f a v a r ie ty o f e le c ­
t r ic a l equipment such as g e n era to rs , t ra n s fo rm e rs , sw itch boards, c o n tr o lle r s , c ir c u it b r e a k e r s ,
m o to rs , heating units, conduit sy stem s, o r other tra n sm iss ion equipment; w orkin g fr o m blu e­
p rin ts, d raw in gs, layou ts, o r other sp e cifica tion s; loca tin g and diagnosing trou ble in the e le c tr ic a l
sy stem o r equipm ent; w orkin g standard computations relatin g to load requ irem en ts o f w irin g o r
e le c tr ic a l equipm ent; and using a v a r ie ty o f e le c tr ic ia n 's handtools and m easu rin g and testin g
in stru m en ts. In g e n e ra l, the w ork o f the m aintenance e le c tr ic ia n re q u ires rounded tra in in g and
ex p erien c e usually acqu ired through a fo rm a l a pprenticeship o r equivalent tra in in g and ex p erien c e.
E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O perates and m aintains and m ay also su p ervise the operation o f sta tion a ry engines and
equipment (m ech an ical o r e le c t r ic a l) to supply the establish m ent in which em ployed w ith p o w er,
h eat, r e fr ig e r a tio n , o r a ir-co n d ition in g . W ork in v o lv e s :
O perating and m aintaining equipment
such as steam en gin es, a ir c o m p r e s s o rs , g e n e ra to rs , m o to r s , tu rbines, ven tila tin g and r e f r i g ­
eratin g equipm ent, steam b o ile rs and b o ile r - fe d w a te r pumps; making equipment re p a irs ; and
keeping a re c o r d of operation o f m a ch in ery, tem p era tu re, and fu el consumption. M ay also su­
p e r v is e these o peration s. H ead o r ch ief en gin eers in establishm ents em ployin g m o re than one
en gin eer a re exclu ded.
F IR E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R
F ir e s station ary b o ile rs to furnish the establish m ent in which em ployed w ith heat, po w er,
o r steam . F eed s fu els to fi r e by hand o r op era tes a m ech a n ica l sto k er, gas, o r o il bu rn er; and
checks w a te r and sa fety v a lv e s .
M ay clean , o il, o r a s s is t in re p a irin g b o ile r r o o m equipment.
H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E TR A D E S
A s s is ts one o r m o re w o r k e r s in the sk ille d m aintenance tra d es, by p e rfo rm in g s p e c ific
or ge n e ra l duties o f le s s e r s k ill, such as keeping a w o r k e r supplied w ith m a te ria ls and to o ls ;
clean ing w orkin g a rea , m achine, and equipm ent; a ssistin g journeym an by holding m a te r ia ls or
to o ls; and p e rfo rm in g other u nskilled tasks as d ire c te d by journeym an. Th e kind o f w ork the
h e lp e r is p erm itted to p e r fo r m v a r ie s fr o m tra d e to tra d e : In som e trades the h elp er is confined
to supplying, liftin g , and hplding m a te r ia ls and to o ls , and clean ing w orkin g a re a s ; and in others
he is p erm itted to p e r fo rm s p e c ia lize d m achine opera tio n s, o r parts o f a tra d e that a re also
p e r fo rm e d by w o rk e rs on a fu ll- tim e basis.
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , TO O L R O O M
S p e c ia liz e s in the operation o f one o r m o re types o f machine to o ls , such as jig b o r e r s ,
c y lin d r ic a l o r su rface g r in d e rs , engine lathes, o r m illin g m achines, in the constru ction o f
m a ch in e-sh op to o ls , ga g es, jig s , fix tu res, o r d ies. W ork in vo lv es m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Planning
and p e r fo rm in g d ifficu lt m achining operations; p ro c e s s in g item s requ irin g co m p licated setups or
a high d eg ree o f a ccu racy; using a v a rie ty o f p re c is io n m easu rin g in stru m en ts; s ele ctin g fee d s,
speeds, too lin g, and operation sequence; and m aking n e c e s s a ry adjustm ents during operation
to a ch ieve re q u is ite to le ra n c es or dim ensions.
M ay be re qu ired to re c o g n iz e when too ls need
d re s s in g , to d ress to o ls , and to s ele ct p rop e r coolants and cutting and lu b ricatin g o ils .
For
c r o s s -in d u s try w age study pu rp oses, m ach in e-too l o p e ra to rs , to o lro o m , in to o l and die jobbing
shops a re exclu ded fr o m this c la s s ific a tio n .




M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M ain tenan ce)
R ep a irs a u tom obiles, buses, m o tortru ck s, and tra c to rs of an establishm ent. W ork in ­
v o lv e s m ost_of_the_follow in g: Exam ining autom otive equipment to diagnose sou rce of tro u b le; d is ­
a ssem blin g equipm ent and p e r fo rm in g re p a irs that in vo lv e the use o f such handtools as w ren ch es,
ga g es, d r ills , o r s p e c ia lize d equipment in disa ssem blin g o r fittin g p a rts; replacing broken o r
d e fe c tiv e parts fr o m stock; grind ing and adjusting v a lv e s ; re a s sem b lin g and in stallin g the va riou s
a ssem b lies in the v e h ic le and m aking n e c e s s a r y adjustm ents; and alining w h e els, adjusting brakes
and ligh ts, o r tightening body bolts. In g e n era l, the w ork o f the autom otive m echanic re q u ires
rounded tra in in g and e x p erien c e usually acqu ired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship o r equ ivalent
train in g and e x p erien c e.
Th is c la s s ific a tio n does not include m echan ics who re p a ir cu sto m ers' veh ic le s in auto­
m o b ile re p a ir shops.
M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R ep a irs m a ch in ery o r m ech a n ica l equipment o f an establish m ent. W ork in volv es m ost
o f the fo llo w in g : Exam ining m achines and m ech an ical equipment to diagnose sou rce of trou ble;
dism antlin g o r p a rtly dism antlin g m achines and p e rfo rm in g re p a irs that m a in ly in volve the use
o f handtools in scra pin g and fittin g pa rts; rep la cin g broken o r d e fe c tiv e parts with item s obtained
fr o m stock; o rd erin g the production o f a repla cem en t part by a m achine shop or sending o f the
m achine to a m achine shop fo r m a jo r r e p a irs ; p rep a rin g w ritten sp e cifica tion s fo r m a jo r re p a irs
o r fo r the production o f parts o rd e re d fr o m m achine shop; re as sem b lin g m achines; and making
a ll n e c e s s a r y adjustm ents fo r operation. In ge n era l, the w ork of a maintenance m echanic re q u ire s
rounded tra in in g and e x p erien c e usually acq u ired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship o r equivalent
tra in in g and ex p erien c e.
Exclu ded fr o m this c la s s ific a tio n a re w o rk e rs whose p rim a ry duties
in volve setting up o r adjusting m ach in es.
M IL L W R IG H T
In sta lls new m achines o r h ea vy equipm ent, and d ism antles and in sta lls m achines o r heavy
equipment when changes in the plant layout a re re q u ired . W ork in vo lv es m o st of the fo llo w in g :
Planning and layin g out of the w ork ; in te rp retin g blu eprints or oth er sp e cifica tio n s; using a v a rie ty
o f handtools and rig g in g ; m aking standard shop computations re la tin g to s tre s s e s , strength of
m a te r ia ls , and cen ters o f g r a v ity ; a linin g and balancing o f equipm ent; s ele ctin g standard to o ls ,
equipment, and parts to be used; and in sta llin g and ^naintaining in good o rd e r pow er tra n sm ission
equipment such as d r iv e s and speed re d u c e rs . In g e n e ra l, the m illw r ig h t's w ork n o rm a lly re q u ires
a rounded tra in in g and e x p erien c e in the tra d e acqu ired through a fo r m a l apprenticeship o r
equivalent tra in in g and e x p erien c e.
P A IN T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
Pain ts and re d eco ra tes w a lls , w oodw ork, and fix tu res o f an establish m ent. W ork in volves
the fo llo w in g : K n ow led ge o f su rface p e c u lia r itie s and types o f paint re q u ired fo r d ifferen t a p p lica ­
tion s; p rep a rin g su rface fo r painting by re m o vin g old fin ish o r by placin g putty o r f i l l e r in n ail

22
P A I N T E R , M A I N T E N A N C E — C o n tin u ed

S H E E T -M E T A L

holes and in te r s tic e s ; and applying paint with sp ra y gun o r brush. M ay m ix c o lo r s , o ils , white
lead, and oth er paint in gred ien ts to obtain p r o p e r c o lo r o r co n sisten cy. In g e n era l, the w ork o f the
m aintenance pain ter re q u ire s rounded tra in in g and e x p erien c e u su ally a cq u ired through a fo rm a l
a pprenticeship o r equ ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .

types o f s h eet-m e ta l m aintenance w ork fro m blu eprints, m o d els , o r oth er sp ecifica tion s; setting
up and o p era tin g a ll a va ila b le types o f sh eet-m e ta l w orkin g m ach in es; using a v a r ie ty o f handtools
in cutting, bending, fo rm in g , shaping, fittin g , and a ssem blin g; and in stallin g sh eet-m eta l a rtic le s
as re q u ired . In g e n e ra l, the w ork o f the m aintenance sh e e t-m e ta l w o rk er re q u ires rounded
tra in in g and e x p erien c e usually acq u ired through a fo rm a l a ppren ticesh ip o r equivalent train ing
and ex p e rie n c e .

P IP E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
In sta lls o r r e p a irs w a te r, stea m , ga s, o r o th er types o f pipe and p ip e fittin gs in an
establish m en t. W ork in vo lv es m o st o f the fo llo w in g : L a yin g out o f w ork and m easu rin g to locate
po sition o f pipe fr o m draw in gs o r o th er w ritte n sp e cifica tio n s; cutting va rio u s s iz e s o f pipe to
c o r r e c t lengths with c h isel and h am m er o r o xy a c etylen e torch o r pipe-cu ttin g m ach in es; threading
pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by h an d -d riven o r p o w e r-d r iv e n m ach in es; a ssem blin g
pipe with couplings and fasten ing pipe to h an gers; m aking standard shop com putations re la tin g to
p r e s s u re s , flo w , and s iz e o f pipe re q u ired ; and m aking standard tests to d eterm in e w hether fin ­
ish ed pipes m e et sp e c ific a tio n s .
In g e n e ra l, the w ork o f the m aintenance p ip e fitte r re q u ires
rounded tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e u su a lly a cq u ired through a fo r m a l a pprenticeship o r equ ivalent
tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e . W o rk ers p r im a r ily en gaged in in sta llin g and re p a irin g building sanitation
o r heating system s a re ex clu d ed .
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
F a b r ic a te s , in s ta lls , and m ain tain s in good r e p a ir the s h eet-m e ta l equipm ent and fix tu res
(such as m achine g u a rd s , g r e a s e pans, sh e lv e s , lo c k e r s , tanks, ven tila to rs , chutes, ducts, m e ta l
ro o fin g ) o f an esta blish m en t. W ork in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g ; Planning and la yin g out a ll

W O R K E R , M A I N T E N A N C E — C o n tin u ed

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
C on stru cts and r e p a irs m a ch in e-sh op to o ls , ga ges, jig s , fix tu res o r dies fo r fo rg in g s ,
punching, and oth er m e ta l-fo rm in g w ork.
W ork in vo lv es m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and
layin g out o f w ork fr o m m o d els , blu eprin ts, draw in gs, o r oth er o ra l and w ritten sp ecifica tion s;
using a v a r ie ty o f to o l and die m a k e r's handtools and p r e c is io n m easu rin g instrum ents; u nder­
standing o f the w orkin g p r o p e rtie s o f com m on m e ta ls and a llo y s ; setting up and operatin g o f
m achine too ls and re la te d equipment; m aking n e c e s s a r y shop com putations re la tin g to dim ensions
o f w ork, speeds, fee d s, and too lin g o f m ach in es; h ea t-trea tin g o f m eta l parts during fa b rica tio n
as w e ll as o f fin ish ed to o ls and dies to a ch ieve re q u ire d q u a lities : w orkin g to clo s e to le ra n c es;
fittin g and a ssem b lin g o f parts to p r e s c r ib e d to le ra n c e s and allow a n ces; and sele ctin g a ppropria te
m a te r ia ls , to o ls , and p r o c e s s e s . In g e n era l, the to o l and die m a k e r's w ork re q u ires a rounded
tra in in g in m a ch in e-sh op and to o lro o m p ra c tic e u su ally a cq u ired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship
o r equ ivalen t tra in in g and ex p e rie n c e .
F o r c r o s s -in d u s tr y w age study p u rp oses, to o l and die m a k e rs in to o l
shops a re exclu ded fr o m th is c la s s ific a tio n .

and die jobbing

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
GU ARD A N D W A T C H M A N
G u ard. P e r fo r m s routine p o lic e duties, eith e r at fix e d post o r on tou r, m aintaining o rd e r ,
using a rm s o r fo r c e w h ere n e c e s s a r y . Includes gatem en who a re stationed at gate and check
on id en tity o f em p lo y ees and oth er p erso n s e n te rin g .
W atchm an. M akes rounds o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p rotectin g p r o p e rty against fir e ,
th eft, and ille g a l en try.
J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m erch a n d ise fo r shipm ent, o r r e c e iv e s and is re sp o n sib le fo r incom ing ship­
m ents o f m erch a n d ise o r oth er m a te r ia ls . Shipping w ork in v o lv e s : A know ledge o f shipping p r o ­
ced u res, p r a c tic e s , rou tes, a v a ila b le m eans o f tra n sp o rta tio n , and ra tes; and p rep a rin g re co rd s
o f the goods shipped, m aking up b ills o f lading, posting w eight and shipping ch a rge s, and keeping
a file o f shipping r e c o r d s .
M ay d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p rep a rin g the m erch a n dise fo r shipment.
R e c e iv in g w ork in v o lv e s : V e r ify in g o r d ire c tin g oth ers in v e r ify in g the c o rr e c tn e s s o f shipments
again st b ills o f lading, in v o ic e s , o r oth er re c o r d s ; checking fo r sh ortages and re je c tin g dam ­
aged goods; routing m erch a n d ise o r m a te r ia ls to p ro p e r dep artm en ts; and m aintaining n e c e s s a ry
re c o r d s and file s .

C leans and keeps in an o r d e r ly condition fa c to r y w orkin g a rea s and w a sh roo m s, o r
p r e m is e s o f an o ffic e , apartm ent house, o r c o m m e rc ia l o r oth er establish m en t. Duties in volve
a com bination o f the fo llo w in g : Sweeping, m opping o r scrubbing, and polish ing flo o r s ; rem o vin g
ch ips, tra sh , and oth er re fu se; dusting equipm ent, fu rn itu re, o r fix tu res; polish in g m e ta l f i x ­
tu res o r trim m in g s ; p rovid in g supplies and m in o r m aintenance s e r v ic e s ; and clean ing la v a to r ie s ,
sh ow ers, and re s tro o m s . W ork ers who s p e c ia liz e in w indow w ashing a re excluded.

F o r w age study pu rp oses, w o rk e rs a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :
R e c e iv in g c le r k
Shipping c le r k
Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k
T R U C K D R IV E R

L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L H A N D L IN G
A w o r k e r em p loyed in a w areh ou se, m anufacturing plant, sto re, o r oth er establish m ent
whose duties in vo lv e one o r m o re o f the fo llo w in g ; Loading and unloading va rio u s m a te r ia ls and
m erch a n d ise on o r fr o m fr e ig h t c a rs , tru ck s, o r o th er tra n sp o rtin g d ev ices; unpacking, sh elvin g,
o r p lacin g m a te r ia ls o r m e rch a n d is e in p ro p e r sto ra g e location ; and tra n sp o rtin g m a te r ia ls o r
m e rch a n d is e by handtruck, c a r, o r w h e elb a rro w . L o n gsh o rem en , who load and unload ships a re
exclu d ed .
O RD ER F I L L E R
F ills shipping o r t ra n s fe r o rd e r s fo r fin ish ed goods fr o m sto red m erch a n d ise in a c c o rd ­
ance with sp e c ific a tio n s on sales slip s , cu s to m e rs ' o r d e r s , o r oth er in stru ction s. M ay, in addition
to fillin g o rd e r s and in dicating item s fille d o r om itted, keep re c o r d s of outgoing o r d e r s , re q u i­
sition a d dition al stock o r re p o r t sh ort supplies to s u p e r v is o r, and p e r fo rm o th er re la te d duties.

D riv e s a tru ck w ithin a c ity o r in d u stria l a rea to tra n sp o rt m a te r ia ls , m erch a n d ise,
equipm ent, o r m en betw een va rio u s types o f establish m ents such a s: M anufacturing plants, fre ig h t
depots, w a reh ou ses, w h o lesa le and re ta il esta blish m en ts, o r betw een r e ta il establish m ents and
c u sto m ers' houses o r pla ces o f business. M a y also load o r unload tru ck with o r without h elp ers,
m ake m in o r m ech a n ica l re p a ir s , and keep tru ck in good w orkin g o rd e r .
D riv e r-s a le s m e n and
o v e r - th e - r o a d d r iv e r s a re ex clu d ed .

fo llo w s :

F o r w age study pu rp oses, tru c k d riv e r s a re c la s s ifie d by s iz e and type o f equipment, as
( T r a c t o r - t r a ile r should be rated on the basis o f t r a ile r c a p a city.)
T r u c k d riv e r
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,

(com bin ation o f s iz e s lis te d se p a ra te ly )
ligh t (under IV 2 ton s)
m ediu m ( I V 2 to and including 4 ton s)
h ea vy (o v e r 4 tons, t r a ile r typ e)
h ea vy (o v e r 4 tons, o th er than t r a ile r type)

P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G
T R U C K E R , PO W E R
P r e p a r e s fin ish ed produ cts fo r shipm ent o r sto ra g e by placin g them in shipping con ­
ta in e r s , the s p e c ific o p era tion s p e r fo rm e d being dependent upon the type, s iz e , and num ber
o f units to be packed, the type o f contain er em p loyed , and m ethod o f shipm ent. W ork re q u ires
the pla cin g o f item s in shipping contain ers and m a y in v o lv e one o r m o re o f the fo llo w in g :
K n ow led ge o f va rio u s item s o f stock in o r d e r to v e r ify content; sele ctio n o f a p p rop ria te type
and s iz e o f con ta in er; in s e rtin g en clo su res in con tain er; using e x c e ls io r o r oth er m a te r ia l to
p reven t b reakage o r dam age; clo s in g and sea lin g con tain er; and applying la b els o r en terin g
id en tifyin g data on con ta in er.
P a c k e rs who also m ake w ooden boxes o r c ra te s a re ex clu d ed .




O p era tes a m an u ally c o n tro lled ga solin e- o r e le c tr ic -p o w e re d tru ck o r t r a c to r to tra n sp o rt
goods and m a te r ia ls o f a ll kinds about a w a reh ou se, m anufacturing plant, o r oth er establishm ent.
F o r w age study p u rp oses, w o rk ers a re c la s s ifie d by type o f tru ck ,
T r u c k e r, p o w er (fo r k lift)
T r u c k e r, p o w er (o th er than fo r k lift)

as fo llo w s:

A v a ila b le O n R e q u e s t
T h e fo llo w in g a re a s a re su rve y e d p e r io d ic a lly fo r use in a d m in is te rin g the S e r v ic e C on tract A c t o f 1965.
w ill be a v a ila b le at no c o s t w h ile supplies la s t fr o m any o f the B LS r e g io n a l o ffic e s shown on the back c o v e r .
A la m o g o r d o — as C ru c e s , N . M ex.
L
A la s k a
A lb a n y , G a.
A m a r illo , T e x .
A tla n tic C ity , N .J.
Augusta, Ga.— C.
S.
B a k e r s fie ld , C a lif.
Baton R ou ge, L a .
B ilo x i, G u lfp ort, and P a s c a go u la , M is s .
B rid g e p o rt, N o rw a lk , and S tam ford , Conn.
C ed ar R a p id s, Iowa
Cham paign—U rbana, 111.
C h a rle sto n , S.C .
C la r k s v ille , T en n ., and H o p k in s v ille , K y.
C o lora d o S p rin gs, C olo.
C olu m b ia, S.C .
C olum bus, G a—A la .
Corpus C h r is ti, T e x .
C ra n e, Ind.
Dothan, A l a .
Duluth— u p e rio r , M inn.—W is.
S
E l Paso, T ex.
E ugene— p rin g fie ld , O reg .
S
F a rg o — o o rh ea d , N . Dak.—
M
Minn.
F a y e tt e v ille , N. C.
F itc h b u rg — e o m in s t e r , M a s s .
L
F r e d e r ic k — a g e rs to w n , M d —P a.—W. V a.
H
F r e s n o , C a lif.
Grand F o r k s , N . Dak.
Grand Island— a s tin g s , N e b r.
H
G ree n b o ro — inston S a lem — igh P o in t, N .C .
W
H
H a r r is b u r g , P a .
K n o x v ille , T enn.

C op ies o f public r e le a s e s a r e or

L ared o, T ex.
Las V ega s, N ev.
L o w e r E a s te rn S h ore, M d —V a.
M acon , Ga.
M a rq u e tte , E scan ab a, Sault Ste.
M a r ie , M ic h .
M elb o u rn e—T it u s v ille —C ocoa , F la .
(B r e v a r d C o.)
M e rid ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , M onm outh, O cean, and S o m e rs e t
C o s ., N .J.
M o b ile , A la ., and P e n s a c o la , F la .
M o n tg o m e ry , A la .
N a s h v ille , Tenn.
N o rth e a s te rn M ain e
N o rw ic h — roton— ew London, Conn.
G
N
O gden, Utah
O rlan d o, F la .
O xnard— im i V a lle y —V e n tu ra , C a lif.
S
Panam a C ity , F la .
P o rts m o u th , N .H —M a in e— a s s .
M
P u e b lo, C olo.
R en o, N ev .
S a cra m e n to , C a lif.
Santa B a rb a ra —
Santa M a r ia —L o m p o c , C a lif.
Sherm an—D enison , T e x .
S h re v e p o rt, L a .
S p rin g fie ld — h icop ee— o ly o k e , M a s s —Conn.
C
H
T op ek a , K ans.
T u cson , A r i z .
V a lle jo —F a ir fie ld — a p a , C a lif.
N
W ilm in g to n , D e l—N .J —M d.
Yu m a, A r i z .

R e p o rts fo r the fo llo w in g s u rvey s conducted in the p r io r y e a r but sin ce discontin ued a re a ls o a v a ila b le :
A lp e n a , Standish, and T aw as C ity, M ich .
A s h e v ille , N .C .
A u stin , T e x . *
F o r t Sm ith, A r k —O kla.
G rea t F a lls , M ont.
*

Expanded to an a re a w age s u rve y in fis c a l y e a r

1973.

L e x in gto n , K y .*
P in e B lu ff, A r k .
Stockton, C a lif.
T a c o m a , W ash.
W ich ita F a lls , T e x .
See in sid e back c o v e r .

T he tw elfth annual r e p o r t on s a la r ie s fo r accountants, au d ito rs, c h ie f accountants, a tto rn e y s , jo b a n a lys ts , d ir e c to r s o f p e rs o n n e l, b u y ers, c h e m ists,
e n g in e e rs , e n g in e e rin g tech n icia n s, d ra ftsm e n , and c le r ic a l e m p lo y e e s . O r d e r as B LS B u lletin 1764, N ation al S u rvey o f P r o fe s s io n a l, A d m in is tr a tiv e ,
T e c h n ic a l, and C le r ic a l P a y , June 1972, $1.25 a copy, fr o m any o f the B L S re g io n a l s a le s o ffic e s shown on the back c o v e r , o r fr o m the Superintendent
o f D ocum ents, U.S. G overn m en t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington, D .C ., 20402.




tv .i.M v in im T

p a m r iM im c ii i

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-te a u p s ^ n O eld filifivA

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A re a W a g e Surveys
A lis t o f the la te s t a v a ila b le b u lletin s is p resen ted b elow . A d ir e c to r y o f a re a w age studies including m o re lim ite d studies conducted at the
req u est o f the E m p lo ym en t Standards A d m in is tra tio n Of the D ep artm en t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on req u est. B u lletin s m ay be purch ased fro m any o f the B LS
r e g io n a l s a le s o ffic e s shown on the back c o v e r , o r fro m the Superintendent o f D ocum ents, U.S. G overn m en t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington, D .C ., 20402.
B u lletin number
and p ric e

A rea
A k ro n , O hio, D ec. 1972________
A lb a n y-S ch e n e c ta d y — r o y , N .Y ., M a r. 1973
T
A lb u qu erqu e, N. M e x ., M a r. 1973.
A lle n to w n — eth leh em —E aston , P a .—N .J ., M ay 1973____
B
A tla n ta , G a ., M ay 1973___ ____________—
- ------ ----- A u stin , T e x ., D ec. 1972 *_
B a ltim o r e , M d ., Aug. 19721
B eaum ontr-Port A rth u r-O ra n g e , T e x ., M a y 1973 1.
B ingham ton, N .Y ., July 1972.
B irm in g h a m , A la ., M a r. 1973 1
B o is e C ity , Idaho, N ov. 19721
B oston , M a s s ., Aug. 19721__
B u ffa lo , N .Y ., O ct. 1972*_
_
B u rlin gton , V t., D ec. 19721
Canton, O hio, M a y 1973.
C h a rle sto n , W. V a ., M a r. 1973.
C h a rlo tte , N .C ., Jan. 1973_____
C hattanooga, Tenn.— a ., Sept. 1972 *
G
C h ic a g o , 111., M ay 1973____
C in cin n ati, O hio— y.—In d ., F eb . 1973.
K
C lev e la n d , O hio, Sept. 19721
C olum bus, O hio, O ct. 1972
D a lla s , T e x ., O ct. 1972 1
D a v en p o rt?— o c k I s la n d — o lin e , Io w a—
R
M
111., F e b .

1 9 7 3 ___

D ayton, O hio, D ec. 197i
D e n v e r, C o lo ., D ec. 1972...------- -—
D es M o in es , Iow a, M ay 197 3 ..— ---D e tr o it, M ic h ., M a r 1973 1---D urham , N .C ., A p r. 1973_---F o r t L au d e rd a le — olly w o od and W est P a lm
H
B each , F la ., A p r . 1973.
F o r t W orth , T e x ., O ct. 19721.
G re e n B ay, W is ., July 19721.
G r e e n v ille , S .C ., M ay 1973 1—
Houston, T e x ., A p r. 1973__ _
_
H u n ts v ille , A la ., F eb . 1973Ind ian apolis, Ind., O ct. 19721
Jackson, M is s ., Jan. 1973—
J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., D ec. 1972
K an sas C ity , M o .-K a n s ., Sept. 1972— ----- --------L a w r e n c e - H a v e r h ill, M ass.—N .H ., June 1973---L exin gto n , K y ., N ov. 19721
L ittle R o c k -N o rth L it t le R ock, A r k ., July 1972 1—
L o s A n g e le s —Long B each and An aheim —
Santa AnarG ard en G r o v e , C a lif., Oct. 1972 1------------ ---------L o u is v ille , K y.—In d ., N ov. 1972—
Lu bbock, T e x ., M a r. 1973------M a n c h es te r, N .H ., July 1972 *.
M em p h is, Tenn.—A r k . , N ov. 1972.
M ia m i, F la ., N ov. 1972 1------- ------ ---------M id land and O d essa , T e x ., Jan. 1973------

 on establishment
Data


1775-36,
1775-62,
1775-52,
1775-90,
1775-79,
1775-42,
1775-20,
1775-82,
1775-5,
1775-65,
1775-32,
1775-13,
1775-18,
1775-28,
1775-73,
1775-74,
1775-39,
1775-14,
1775-88,
1775-53,
1775-15,
1775-23,
1775-25,
1775-57,
1775-34,
1775-35,
1775-72,
1775-89,
1775-61,

40
55
40
50
40
40
75
40
45
55
50
75
65
50
40
40
40
55
50
50
75
55
75
40
40
40
40
80
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1775-64,
1775-24,
1775-1,
1775-86,
1775-71,
1775-48,
1775-27,
1775-44,
1775-31,
1775-17,
1775-93,
1775-22,
1775-2,

40
50
55
40
50
40
55
40
40
50
50
50
55

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1775-38,
1775-37,
1775-55,
1775-8,
1775-30,
1775-29,
1775-41,

75
40
40
55
40
55
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

A rea

Milwaukee, W is., May 1973_____ _________ _____________
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn., Jan. 1973______ __________
Muskegon-Muskegon Heights, Mich., June 1973________
Newark and Jersey City, N.J., Jan. 1973--------------------New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1973--------------------------------------New Orleans, La., Jan. 1973 ....__ ..........._____________
New York, N.Y., Apr. 1973______________________________
Norfolk—
Virginia Beach—
Portsmouth and
Newport News—
Hampton, Va., Jan. 1973 1
___________ __
Oklahoma City, Okla., July 1972_________ ______________
Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa, Sept. 1972_________________________
Paterson—
Clifton—
Passaic, N.J., June 1973-----------------Philadelphia, P a.-N .J ., Nov. 1972______________________
Phoenix, A riz ., June 1973---- --------- -----------------------------Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 1973 1_____ __ ___________ _________
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1972_______ __ ____ ______________
Portland, Oreg.—Wash., May 1973----------------— ___—____
Poughkeepsie—
Kingston-Newburgh, N.Y.,

B u lletin number
and p ric e

1775-83,
1775-49,
1775-91,
1775-50,
177 5-46,
1775-47,
1775-94,

40
55
50
55
40
40
65

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1775-51, 50 cents
1775-6,
45 cents
1775-16, 40 cents
1775-92, 55 cents
1775-45, 55 cents
1775-96, 50 cents
1775-67, 75 cents
1775-21, 40 cents
1775-87, 35 cents
35 cents

P rovidence—
Warwick-Pawtucket, R. I.—
Mas s .,
35 cents

Raleigh, N.C., Aug. 1972---------------------------------------------- 1775-7, ’ 45 cents
Richmond, Va., Mar. 1973______ ________________________ 1775-68, 40 cents
River side—
San Bernardino—
Ontario, Calif.,
Rochester, N.Y. (office occupations only), July 1 9 7 2 ._
Rockford, 111., June 1973---------------------------------------------St. Louis, Mo.—
111., Mar. 1973 1_________________________
Salt Lake City, Utah, Nov. 1972 1_______________________
San Antonio, Tex., May 1973______......________ ________
San Diego, Calif., Nov. 1972_____________________________
San Francisco—
Oakland, Calif., Mar 1973______________
San Jose, Calif., Mar. 1973------------------- ------------- -------Savannah, Ga., May 1973-------------- .......________________
Scranton, Pa., July 1972----------------------------------------------Seattle—
Everett, Wash., Jan. 1973_________ _____ _______
Sioux Falls, S. Dak., Dec. 1972 1________________________
South Bend, Ind., M ar. 1973_____________________________
Spokane, Wash., June 1973-------------------------------------------Syracuse, N .Y., July 1972---------- -------------------------------Tampar-St. Petersburg, Fla., Aug. 1972-----------------------Toledo, Ohicr-Mich., Apr. 1973__________________________
Trenton, N.J., Sept. 1972 1______ — ______________________
Utica-Rome, N.Y., July 1972____________________________
Washington, D.C.—
Md.—
Va., Mar. 1973___ _ _ ___________
Waterbury, Conn., Mar. 1973______________ _____________
Waterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1972_______ ____ __ ________________
Wichita, Kans., Apr. 1973________________________________
Worcester, Mass., May 1973____________________________
York, Pa., Feb. 1973____________________________________
Youngstowrr-Warren, Ohio, Nov. 1972__________________

1775-4,
1775-80,
1775-69,
1775-33,
1775-78,
1775-40,
1775-81,
1775-66,
1775-77,
1775-10,
1775-56,
1775-43,
1775-54,
1775-95,
1775-11,
1775-9,
1775-63,
1775-12,
1775-3,
1775-75,
1775-58,
1775-26,
1775-70,
1775-76,
1775-59,
1775-19,

65
45
35
75
50
35
40
40
40
40
45
40
40
40
50
45
45
40
55
45
50
40
40
40
40
40
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID

U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

LA B -4 4 1

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20212
OFFICIAL BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE $300

THIRD CLASS MAIL

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T I S T I C S R E G IO N A L OFFICES
Region I
1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

Region II
1515 Broadway
Ne v York, N.Y. 10036
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Region III
P.O. Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 597-1154 (Area Code 215)
Delaware
District of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)
Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Region V
8th Floor, 300 South Wacker Drive
Chicago, III. 60606
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)
Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
Wisconsin

Region VI
1100 Commerce St. Rm. 6B7
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Texas

Regions VII and VIII
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)
VII
VIII
Iowa
Colorado
Kansas
Montana
Missouri
North Dakota
Nebraska
South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)
IX
X
Alaska
Arizona
Idaho
California
Oregon
Hawaii
Washington
Nevada





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102