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AREAWAGESURVEY
A l l e n t o w n —B e t h l e h e m —Easton, P en nsy lvan ia
M e t r o p o li t a n A rea, M a y 19 73

N e w Jersey,

B u l l e t i n 1 775 9 0




U S D E P A R T M E N T OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistic s




P reface
T h is b u lle tin p r o v id e s r e s u lts o f a M a y 1973 s u r v e y o f occu p a tio n a l
e a r n in g s in the A lle n to w n —B eth le h e m —E a s to n , P e n n s y lv a n ia —N e w J e r s e y , Standard
M e tr o p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a (L e h ig h and N o rth a m p to n C o u n tie s , P a .; and W a rr e n
C ou n ty, N .J .). T h e s u r v e y w a s m a d e as p a r t o f the B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s '
annual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m .
T h e p r o g r a m is d e s ig n e d to y ie ld data f o r
in d iv id u a l m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s , as w e l l as n a tio n a l and r e g io n a l e s tim a te s f o r a ll
Standard M e tr o p o lita n A r e a s in the U n ited S ta te s , e x c lu d in g A la s k a and H a w a ii,
(a s d e fin e d by th e U .S. O ffic e o f M a n a gem en t and B u d get th rou gh N o v e m b e r 1971).
A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in th e a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is the n eed to
d e s c r ib e the l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r i e t y o f la b o r m a r k e ts , th rou gh
th e a n a ly s is o f (1 ) th e l e v e l and d is trib u tio n o f w a g e s b y oc c u p a tio n , and (2 ) the
m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s by o c c u p a tio n a l c a t e g o r y and s k ill l e v e l .
The p ro gra m d e ­
v e lo p s in fo r m a tio n that m a y be u sed f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s , in clu d in g w a g e and
s a la r y a d m in is tr a tio n , c o lle c t iv e b a rg a in in g , and a s s is ta n c e in d e te rm in in g plant
lo c a tio n . S u rv e y r e s u lt s a ls o a r e u sed b y the U.S. D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r to m ak e
w a g e d e te rm in a tio n s u n der the S e r v ic e C o n tra c t A c t o f 1965.
C u r r e n tly , 96 a r e a s a r e in c lu d e d in the p r o g r a m .
(S ee lis t o f a r e a s
on in s id e b ack c o v e r . )
In ea c h a r e a , o c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s data a r e c o lle c te d
an n u ally. In fo r m a tio n on e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p lem e n ta ry w a g e b e n e ­
f it s , c o lle c t e d e v e r y secon d y e a r in th e p a s t, is n ow o b ta in ed e v e r y th ird y e a r .
E ach y e a r a ft e r a ll in d iv id u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s h ave b een c o m p le te d ,
tw o s u m m a ry b u lle tin s a r e is s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b r in g s to g e th e r data f o r each
m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s u r v e y e d . T h e secon d s u m m a ry b u lle tin p re s e n ts n a tion al and
r e g io n a l e s tim a te s , p r o je c t e d fr o m in d iv id u a l m e tr o p o lita n a r e a data.
T h e A lle n to w n — eth le h e m —E aston s u r v e y w as con du cted by the B u re a u 's
B
r e g io n a l o f f ic e in P h ila d e lp h ia , P a ., u n der th e g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n o f Ir w in L .
F e ig e n b a u m , A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l D ir e c t o r f o r O p e ra tio n s .
T h e s u rv e y could not
h ave b een a c c o m p lis h e d w ith out the c o o p e r a tio n o f th e m an y f ir m s w h ose w age
and s a la r y data p r o v id e d th e b a s is fo r the s ta tis tic a l in fo rm a tio n in th is b u lle tin .
T h e B u rea u w is h e s to e x p r e s s s in c e r e a p p re c ia tio n fo r the c o o p e ra tio n r e c e iv e d .

Note:
A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and su p p lem e n ta ry w age p r o ­
v is io n s in th e A lle n to w n —B eth le h e m —E a s to n a r e a is a v a ila b le fo r the m e n 's s h irts
and n ig h tw e a r in d u s try (O c to b e r 1971).

AREA WAGE SURVEY

B ulletin 1775-90
U.S. D E P A R T M E N T O F LAB O R , Peter J. Brennan, Secretary

S e p te m b e r 1973

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS, Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

Allentown—Bethlehem—Easton, Pennsylvania—New Jersey,
Metropolitan Area, May 1973__________________________
CONTENTS
Page
2
5

In tro d u c tio n
W age tr e n d s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s

T a b le s :
4
6
7

8
10
11
12
13
15

1. E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in scop e o f s u r v e y and n u m b er studied
2. In d e x e s o f e a r n in g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s , and p e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e f o r s e le c te d p e r io d s
3. P e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s , a d ju s te d fo r e m p lo y m e n t s h ifts
A . O c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s :
A - l . O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k ly e a r n in g s
A - 2 . P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k ly e a r n in g s
A - 3 . O ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s : A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s , by s e x
A - 4 . M a in ten a n ce and p o w e rp la n t oc c u p a tio n s : H o u rly e a r n in g s
A - 5. C u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s : H o u rly e a r n in g s
A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r ip tio n s




For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402—Price 50 cents

1

In tro d u c tio n
(3 ) m a in te n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t; and (4 ) c u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e ­
m en t.
O c c u p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n is b a s e d on a u n ifo rm set o f jo b
d e s c r ip tio n s d e s ig n e d to tak e accou n t o f in t e r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n
in d u ties w ith in the sam e jo b . T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c te d f o r study a re
lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d in the ap p en d ix. U n le s s o t h e r w is e in d ic a te d , the
e a r n in g s data fo llo w in g the jo b t it le s a r e f o r a ll in d u s tr ie s c o m b in ed .
E a r n in g s d ata f o r s o m e o f the o c c u p a tio n s lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d , o r
f o r s o m e in d u s try d iv is io n s w ith in o c c u p a tio n s , a r e not p r e s e n te d in
the A - s e r i e s ta b le s , b e c a u s e e ith e r (1) e m p lo y m e n t in the o ccu p atio n
is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r i t p re s e n ta tio n , o r (2 ) th e r e
is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t data. E a rn in g s
data not shown s e p a r a t e ly fo r in d u s try d iv is io n s a r e in clu d ed in a ll
in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d d ata, w h e r e shown. L ik e w is e , data a r e in clu d ed
in the o v e r a ll c la s s ific a t io n w h en a s u b c la s s ific a tio n o f s e c r e t a r ie s
o r t r u c k d r iv e r s is not shown o r in fo r m a tio n to s u b c la s s ify is not
a v a ila b le .

T h is a r e a is 1 o f 96 in w h ich th e U.S. D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r 's
B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s con du cts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s
on an a r e a w id e b a s is a n n u a lly .1 F ie ld r e p r e s e n t a t iv e s , in p e r s o n a l
v is it s to e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the a r e a , c o lle c t e m p lo y m e n t, e a r n in g s ,
e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s , and r e la t e d b e n e fits in fo r m a tio n e v e r y th ird
yea r.
In each o f the in te r v e n in g y e a r s , in fo r m a tio n on e m p lo y m e n t
and e a r n in g s is c o lle c t e d b y m a il q u e s tio n n a ire s fr o m e s ta b lis h m e n ts
p a r tic ip a tin g in the p r e v io u s s u r v e y . T h is b u lle tin p re s e n ts the r e s u lts
o f the la t t e r typ e s u r v e y .
In ea c h a r e a , data a r e ob ta in ed f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b ro a d in d u s try d iv is io n s : M a n u fa ctu rin g ; t r a n s ­
p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le tr a d e ;
r e t a i l tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r
in d u s try g ro u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e stu d ies a r e g o v e rn m e n t o p e r a ­
tio n s and the c o n s tru c tio n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s tr ie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts
h a vin g f e w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a re o m itte d b e ca u s e
th e y tend to fu r n is h in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the occ u p a tio n s stu d ied
to w a r r a n t in c lu s io n .
S e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d f o r ea c h o f
th e b ro a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r it e r ia .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s data a r e shown fo r
f u ll- t im e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly sch ed u le.
E a r n in g s data e x c lu d e p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on
w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts . N o n p ro d u c tio n b on u ses a r e e x ­
clu d ed , but c o s t - o f - liv in g a llo w a n c e s and in c e n tiv e e a rn in g s a r e in ­
clu d ed. W h e r e w e e k ly h ou rs a r e r e p o r te d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u ­
p a tio n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the stan d a rd w o r k w e e k (ro u n d e d to the n e a r e s t
h a lf hou r) f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e
s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r an d / o r p re m iu m
r a te s ).
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s f o r th e s e o c c u p a tio n s a r e rou n ded
to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e con d u cted on a s a m p le b a s is . T h e s a m ­
p lin g p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d e ta ile d s t r a t ific a t io n o f a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts
w ith in the s c o p e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y in d u s try and n u m b er
o f e m p lo y e e s . F r o m th is s t r a t if ie d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ility s a m p le is
s e le c te d , w ith each e s ta b lis h m e n t h a vin g a p r e d e te r m in e d chan ce o f
s e le c tio n . T o o b ta in op tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r
p r o p o r tio n o f la r g e than s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c te d . W h en data
a r e c o m b in e d , ea c h e s ta b lis h m e n t is w e ig h te d a c c o r d in g to its p r o b a ­
b i l i t y o f s e le c tio n , so that u n b ia sed e s tim a te s a r e g e n e ra te d . F o r e x ­
a m p le , i f one out o f fo u r e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c te d , it is g iv e n a
w e ig h t o f fo u r to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f p lu s th r e e o th e r s . A n a lte r n a te o f the
s a m e o r ig in a l p r o b a b ility is c h o se n in the s a m e in d u s t r y - s iz e c l a s s i f i ­
c a tio n i f data a r e not a v a ila b le f o r th e o r ig in a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
If
no s u ita b le su b stitu te is a v a ila b le , a d d itio n a l w e ig h t is a s s ig n e d to a
s a m p le m e m b e r that is s im ila r to the m is s in g unit.

T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c te d f o r study a r e co m m o n to a v a r ie t y
o f m a n u fa c tu rin g and n o n m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f the
fo llo w in g ty p e s :
(1 ) O f f ic e c l e r i c a l ; (2 ) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l;

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s in
an a r e a at a p a r t ic u la r tim e . C o m p a ris o n s o f in d iv id u a l oc c u p a tio n a l
a v e r a g e s o v e r tim e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c te d w a g e ch an ges. T h e a v e r ­
a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s a r e a ffe c t e d b y c h an ges in w a g e s and e m p lo y ­
m en t p a tte r n s .
F o r e x a m p le , p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y
h ig h - o r lo w - w a g e f ir m s m a y chan ge o r h ig h -w a g e w o r k e r s m a y ad­
v a n c e to b e t t e r jo b s and be r e p la c e d b y n ew w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a te s .
Such s h ifts in e m p lo y m e n t cou ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e
e v e n though m o s t e s ta b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a in c r e a s e w a g e s d uring
the y e a r . T r e n d s in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s , shown in ta b le 2,
a r e b e tte r in d ic a to r s o f w a g e tr e n d s than in d iv id u a l jo b s w ith in the
g ro u p s.

1
Included in the 96 areas are 10 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas
are Austin, T e x .; Binghamton, N .Y . (N ew Yodc portion only); Durham, N. C . ; Fort Lauderdale—
Hollywood and West Palm Beach, Fla.; Huntsville, A la .; Lexington, K y .; Poughkeepsie—Kingston—
Newburgh, N. Y . ; Rochester, N. Y . (office occupations only); Syracuse, N. Y . ; and Utica—Rome, N .Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 70 areas at the request
of the Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department of Labor.

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s ite , a r e a w id e e s tim a te s . In ­
d u s tr ie s and e s ta b lis h m e n ts d i f fe r in p a y l e v e l and jo b s ta ffin g , and
thus c o n trib u te d if fe r e n t ly to the e s tim a te s f o r each jo b . P a y a v e r ­
a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t a c c u r a te ly the w a g e d if fe r e n t ia l am ong jo b s in
in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts .

O ccu p a tion s and E a r n in g s




2

3
A v e r a g e p ay le v e ls f o r m en and w o m e n in s e le c te d o c c u p a ­
tio n s should not be a ssu m ed to r e f le c t d if fe r e n c e s in p a y o f the s e x e s
w ith in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
F a c to r s w h ich m a y c o n trib u te to
d iffe r e n c e s in clu d e p r o g r e s s io n w ith in e s ta b lis h e d ra te r a n g e s , s in c e
o n ly the r a te s p a id in cu m b en ts a r e c o lle c t e d , and p e r fo r m a n c e o f s p e ­
c i f i c d u ties w ith in the g e n e r a l s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip tio n s . Job d e s c r ip ­
tio n s u sed to c l a s s ify e m p lo y e e s in th es e s u r v e y s u s u a lly a r e m o r e
g e n e r a liz e d than th ose used in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts and a llo w fo r
m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts in s p e c ific duties p e r fo r m e d .
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a ll
e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the scop e o f the study and not the nu m b er a c tu ­
a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e s am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
d i f f e r , e s tim a te s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in ed fr o m the s a m p le




o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te the r e la t iv e im p o r ­
tan ce o f the jo b s studied. T h e s e d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s tru c tu re
do not a ffe c t m a t e r ia lly the a c c u r a c y o f the e a rn in g s data.
E s ta b lis h m e n t P r a c t ic e s and S u p p le m en ta ry W a ge P r o v is io n s
T a b u la tio n s on s e le c te d e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le ­
m e n ta r y w a g e p r o v is io n s ( B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) a r e not p re s e n te d in th is
b u lle tin .
In fo r m a tio n f o r th es e ta b u la tio n s, c o lle c t e d e v e r y 2 y e a r s
in the p a s t, is now c o lle c t e d e v e r y 3 y e a r s .
T h e s e tab u la tion s on
m in im u m e n tra n c e s a la r ie s fo r in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s ;
s h ift d iffe r e n t ia ls ; s ch ed u led w o rk w e e k ; p aid h o lid a y s ; p aid v a c a tio n s ;
and h ealth , in s u ra n c e , and p e n s io n p lans tire p re s e n te d (in the B - s e r ie s
ta b le s ) in p re v io u s b u lle tin s f o r th is a r e a .




T a b le 1. E s ta b lis h m e n ts an d w o rk e rs w ith in s c o p e o f s u rv e y an d n u m b e r s tu d ie d in A lle n to w n —B e th le h e m —E a s to n ,
P a .—N .J .,1 by m a jo r in d u s try d iv is io n ,2 M a y 1 9 7 3
M in im u m
em ploym en t
in e sta b lish m ents in scope
o f study

In du stry d iv is io n

N u m ber o f esta blish m en ts

W o r k e rs in esta b lish m en ts
W ithin scope o f stu d y4

W ithin scope
o f stu d y3

Studied

Studied
N u m ber

P ercen t

A l l d iv is io n s ___________________________________

-

499

123

122,044

100

68,341

M an ufactu ring
_..... _
....
. _
Nonm anu factu ring
_
__ _
T r a n s p o rta tio n , com m u n ication , and
oth er public u tilitie s 5 _______________________
W h o lesa le tra d e 6 ____________________ _____
R e t a il tra d e 6_________________________________ _
F in a n ce, in su ra n ce, and r e a l estate 6 ______
S e r v ic e s 6 7_____________________________________

50
”

32 8
171

64
59

93, 395
28, 649

77
23

51,350
16,991

50
50
50
50
50

30
24
70
18
29

13
6
19
9
12

7, 827
2,2 07
12,438
3,262
2, 915

6
2
10
3
2

5,525
801
6,668
2,428
1.569

1 Th e A llen to w n —B eth leh em —
Easton Standard M etro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as defin ed by the O ffic e o f M an agem ent and Budget through
N o v e m b e r 1971, co n s ists o f L eh igh and Northam pton C ou n ties, P a .; and W a rren County, N .J. T h e "w o r k e r s w ithin scope o f stu d y" e s tim a tes
shown in this table p r o v id e a re a s o n a b ly a ccu ra te d e s c rip tio n o f the s iz e and co m p o sitio n o f the la b o r fo r c e in clu ded in the su rv e y . Th e e s tim a tes
a re not intended, h o w e v e r, to s e r v e as a b a sis o f c o m p a riso n w ith oth er em ploym en t in dexes fo r the a re a to m e a s u re em p loym en t tren d s o r le v e ls
sin ce (1) planning o f w a ge s u rv eys re q u ire s the use o f esta blish m en t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e ra b ly in advance o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu died, and (2) sm a ll
esta b lish m en ts a re ex clu ded fr o m the scope o f the s u rv ey.
2 T h e 1967 ed ition o f the Standard In du stria l C la s s ific a tio n Manual w as u sed in c la s s ify in g esta b lish m en ts by in d u stry d iv is io n .
3 Includes a ll esta b lish m en ts w ith tota l em ploym en t at o r above the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A l l ou tlets (w ithin the a re a ) o f com pan ies in such
in d u stries as tr a d e , fin a n ce , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tion p ictu re th e a ters a r e c o n s id e re d as 1 esta b lish m en t.
4 Includes a ll w o r k e r s in a ll esta blish m en ts w ith to ta l em ploym en t (w ith in the a re a ) at o r a bove the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
5 A b b r e v ia te d to "pu blic u t ilit ie s " in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s . T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid en tal to w a te r tra n sp o rta tio n w e re exclu ded.
4 T h is in du stry d iv is io n is re p re s e n te d in estim a tes fo r " a l l in d u s trie s " and "n on m a n u fa ctu rin g" in the S e rie s A ta b le s . Separate p resen tatio n of
data fo r this d iv is io n is not m ade fo r one o r m o re o f the fo llo w in g re a s o n s: (1) E m p loym en t in the d iv is io n is too s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data
to m e r it sep a ra te study, (2) the sa m p le was not d esign ed in itia lly to p e r m it sep a ra te p r esen ta tio n , (3 ) resp o n se was in su fficien t o r inadequate to
p e r m it sep ara te p resen ta tio n , and (4) th e re is p o s s ib ility o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d ividu a l esta blish m en t data.
7 H o tels and m o te ls ; la u n d ries and oth er p erso n a l s e r v ic e s ; bu sin ess s e r v ic e s ; au tom obile r e p a ir , re n ta l, and park in g; m otion p ictu re s;
n on p ro fit m e m b e rs h ip o rga n iza tio n s (ex clu din g re lig io u s and ch a rita b le o rg a n iz a tio n s ); and e n gin eerin g and a rc h ite c tu ra l s e r v ic e s .

In d u stria l co m p o sitio n in m anu facturing
O v e r th re e -fo u rth s o f the w o r k e r s w ithin scope o f the s u rv e y in the A U en to w n Beth leh em —Easton a re a w e r e em p loy ed in m an u facturing fir m s . Th e fo llo w in g p resen ts the
m a jo r in du stry grou ps and s p e c ific in d u stries as a p ercen t o f a ll m an u facturing:
In du stry grou ps
P r im a r y m e ta l in d u s tr ie s ______ 26
A p p a re l and oth er t e x tile
p ro d u c ts _________________________ 19
E le c tr ic a l equipm ent and
su pplies_________________________ 9
M a c h in e ry , except e le c tr ic a l__ 9
F a b r ic a te d m e ta l p r o d u c ts _____ 6
T e x t ile m i l l p r o d u c ts ___________ 6
F ood and k in d red p r o d u c ts _____ 5

S p e c ific in d u stries
B la st fu rn a ce and b a sic
s te e l p rodu cts__________________ 24
W om en 's and m is s e s '
o u t e r w e a r ______________________ 10
C om m u nication equipm ent______ 5
G en era l in d u stria l m a c h in e r y .. 5

T h is in form a tion is based on e s tim a tes o f to ta l em ploym en t d e r iv e d fr o m u n iv erse
m a te r ia ls co m p ile d p r io r to actu al su rv e y .
P r o p o rtio n s in va rio u s in d u stry d iv is io n s m a y
d iffe r fr o m p rop o rtio n s ba sed on the re s u lts o f the s u rv e y as shown in ta b le 1 a bove.

W a g e T re n d s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
P r e s e n t e d in ta b le 2 a r e in d e x e s and p e rc e n ts o f chan ge in
a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s o f o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l
n u rs e s , and in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f s e le c te d p la n tw o r k e r g ro u p s.
T h e in d e x e s a r e a m e a s u re o f w a g e s at a g iv e n tim e , e x p r e s s e d as a
p e r c e n t o f w a g e s d u rin g the b a s e p e r io d .
S u b tra ctin g 100 fr o m the
in d e x y ie ld s the p e r c e n t chan ge in w a g e s f r o m the b a se p e r io d to the
date o f the in d ex. T h e p e r c e n ts o f chan ge o r in c r e a s e r e la te to w a g e
ch an ges b e tw e e n the in d ic a te d d a te s . A n n u al r a te s o f in c r e a s e , w h e r e
shown, r e f l e c t the am ount o f in c r e a s e f o r 12 m onths w h en the tim e
p e r io d b e tw e e n s u r v e y s w as o th e r than 12 m onths.
T h e s e c om p u ­
ta tio n s a r e b a s e d on the a s s u m p tio n that w a g e s in c r e a s e d at a con stan t
r a te b e tw e e n s u r v e y s .
T h e s e e s tim a te s a r e m e a s u re s o f chan ge in
a v e r a g e s f o r the a r e a ; th e y a r e not in ten d ed to m e a s u re a v e r a g e p a y
ch an ges in the e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the a r e a .

T h e in d e x is a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g iv e n tim e and is e x ­
p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f w a g e s in the b a s e y e a r .
T h e b a s e y e a r is
a s s ig n e d the v a lu e o f 100 p e r c e n t. T h e in d e x is com p u ted b y m u lt i­
p ly in g the b a s e y e a r r e la t iv e (100 p e r c e n t) b y the r e la t iv e (the p e r c e n t
ch an ge p lus 100 p e r c e n t) f o r the n ex t s u c c e e d in g y e a r and then c o n ­
tin u ing to m u ltip ly (com p ou n d) each y e a r 's r e la t iv e b y the p re v io u s
y e a r 's in d ex.
F o r o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u rs e s , the w a g e
tr e n d s r e la te to r e g u la r w e e k ly s a la r ie s f o r the n o rm a l w o rk w e e k ,
e x c lu s iv e o f e a rn in g s f o r o v e r t im e .
F o r p la n tw o r k e r g ro u p s, th ey
m e a s u r e ch an ges in a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s , e xclu d in g
p re m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
la te s h ifts .
T h e p e r c e n ts a r e b a s e d on data f o r s e le c te d k e y o c c u ­
p atio n s and in clu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p o rta n t jo b s w ith in
each grou p .

M eth o d o f C om pu tin g
E a c h o f the fo llo w in g k e y o c c u p a tio n s w ith in an o c c u p a tio n a l
gro u p is a s s ig n e d a con stan t w e ig h t b a s e d on its p r o p o r tio n a te e m ­
p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p :
Office clerical (men and
women):
Bookkeeping-machine
operators, class B
Clerics, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A , B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Messengers (office boys or
girls)

Office clerical (men and
women)— Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B
Industrial nurses (men and
women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

L im ita tio n s o f D ata
T h e in d e x e s and p e r c e n ts o f ch an ge, as m e a s u r e s o f chan ge
in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e in flu e n c e d b y :
( l ) G e n e r a l s a la r y and w a g e
c h a n g e s , (2) m e r it o r o th e r in c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e iv e d b y in d iv id u a l
w o r k e r s w h ile in th e s a m e jo b , and (3) ch an ges in a v e r a g e w a g e s due
to ch an ges in the la b o r f o r c e re s u ltin g f r o m la b o r tu r n o v e r , f o r c e
e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e re d u c tio n s , and ch an ges in the p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k ­
e r s e m p lo y e d b y e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith d iffe r e n t p a y l e v e ls . C han ges in
the la b o r f o r c e can cau se in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c c u p a tio n a l
a v e r a g e s w ith ou t a ctu a l w a g e ch an ges.
It is c o n c e iv a b le that e v en
though a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a g a v e w a g e in c r e a s e s , a v e r a g e
w a g e s m a y h a ve d e c lin e d b e ca u s e lo w e r - p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts e n te r e d
the a r e a o r exp an ded th e ir w o r k f o r c e s . S im ila r ly , w a g e s m a y h a ve
r e m a in e d r e la t iv e ly con sta n t, y e t a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a m a y have r is e n
c o n s id e r a b ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r -p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts e n te r e d the a r e a .

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (au tom otive)
Painters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and
cleaners
Laborers, material handling

NOTE: Comptometer operators, used in the computation of previous trends, are no longer
surveyed by the Bureau.

T h e u se o f con stan t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h ts e lim in a te s the e ffe c t
o f ch an ges in th e p r o p o r tio n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n te d in ea c h jo b in ­
clu d ed in the data.
T h e p e r c e n ts o f chan ge r e f l e c t o n ly chan ges in
a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rs.
T h e y a r e not in flu e n ce d b y
ch an ges in s ta n d a rd w o r k s c h e d u le s, as such, o r b y p re m iu m p ay
f o r o v e r t im e .
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , data a r e a d ju sted to r e m o v e fr o m
the in d e x e s and p e r c e n ts o f chan ge any s ig n ific a n t e f fe c t cau sed b y
chan ges in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

T h e a v e r a g e (m ea n ) e a r n in g s f o r ea c h occ u p a tio n a r e m u lt i­
p lie d b y the o c c u p a tio n a l w e ig h t, and the p ro d u c ts fo r a ll o c c u p a tio n s
in the g ro u p a r e to ta le d . T h e a g g r e g a te s f o r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s a r e
r e la t e d b y s u b tra c tin g the a g g r e g a te f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r f r o m the
a g g r e g a t e f o r the la t e r y e a r and d iv id in g the r e m a in d e r b y the a g g r e ­
g a te f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e r e s u lt tim e s 100 shows the p e r c e n t
o f ch an ge.




5




T a b le 2 . In d e x e s o f e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s in A lle n to w n — B e th le h e m —E a s to n , P a .—N .J .,
M a y 1 9 7 2 a n d M a y 1 9 7 3 , a n d p e rc e n ts o f c h a n g e 1 fo r s e le c te d p e rio d s
M an ufactu ring

A l l in d u stries
W e e k ly earn in gs
P e r io d

O ffic e
c l e r ic a l
(m en and
wom en)

In d u stria l
n urses
(m en and
w om en)

H o u rly ea rn in gs
S k illed
m aintenance
tra d es
(m en)

U nsk illed
pla n tw orkers
(m en )

W e e k ly earn in gs
O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m en and
w om en)

In d u stria l
n urses
(m en and
wom en)

H o u rly earn in gs
S k illed
m aintenance
tra d es
(m en)

U n skilled
pla n tw orkers
(m en)

In d ex es (F e b ru a ry 1967:100)
M a y 1972____________________________________________
M a y 1973__________________________

_______________

139.4
146.5

160.9
158.6

135.8
143.8

142.8
153.8

139.3
145.4

161.3
158.1

135.9
143.6

142.9
151.9

P e r c e n ts o f change 1
M a rc h I960 to F e b ru a ry 1961:
11-m onth in c r e a s e .—____ — __________________
Annual ra te o f in c r e a s e ________________ _______
F e b ru a ry 1961 to F e b ru a ry 1962_____________ —
F e b ru a ry 1962 to F e b ru a ry 1963-________________
F e b ru a ry 1963 to F e b ru a ry 1964---—------ -—-----.
F e b ru a ry 1964 to F e b ru a ry 1965._____ —--------- —
F e b ru a ry 1965 to F e b ru a ry 1966---------------- ——
F e b ru a ry 1966 to F e b ru a ry 1967_________________
F e b ru a ry 1967 to June 1968:
16-month in c r e a s e _____________________________
Annual ra te o f in c r e a s e ________________________
June 1968 to M a y 1969:
11-month in c r e a s e _____________________________
Annual ra te o f in c r e a s e ________________________
M ay
M ay
M ay
M ay

1969
1970
1971
1972

to
to
to
to

M ay
M ay
M ay
M ay

1970 . . .
--------------------1971_____________________________
1972_________________ . . . ------1973.............................................

4.1
4.5

4.2
4.6

3.2
3.5

1.7
1.9

4.7
5.1

4.2
4.6

3.1
3.4

1.2
1.3

5.3
2.7
1.1
2.6
3.7
2.7

.5
1.5
2.5
3.4
2—.9
2.8

3.8
1.5
2.7
3.1
2.9
3.9

2.4
2.6
3.4
2.9
2.9
2.1

5.7
2.6
.7
2.0
5.2
2.2

.5
2.0
2.0
3.9
2—1.4
2.8

3.3
1.6
2.6
3.0
2.8
4.0

2.3
1.1
2.7
2.9
3.1
2.7

5.2
3.8

12.4
9.2

7.5
5.6

5.8
4.3

4.5
3.4

12.4
9.2

7.3
5.4

4.8
3.6

5.8
6.3

7.4
8.1

4.4
4.8

5.5
6.0

6.2
6.8

7.4
8.1

4.3
4.7

5.7
6.2

5.3
6.8
11.5
5.1

9.9
9.4
2 10.8
2—1.4

8.9
7.3
11.2
5.9

9.5
9.7
6.4
7.7

4.0
7.2
12.7
4.4

9.9
9.4
11.1
2—2.0

8.9
7.2
11.5
5.7

7.2
9.4
9.9
6.3

1 A l l changes a re in c r e a s e s u nless o th e rw is e in d ica ted .
2 T h is d e c re a s e la r g e ly r e fle c t s changes in em ploym en t among esta b lish m en ts w ith d iffe re n t pay le v e ls ra th er than s a la ry d e c re a s e s .




T a b le 3 . P e r c e n ts o f in c re a s e in a v e ra g e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s , a d ju s te d
fo r e m p lo y m e n t s h ifts , in A lle n to w n —B e th le h e m —E a s to n , P a .—N .J ., M a y 1 9 7 2 to M a y 1 9 7 3
O ccupational group

A ll
in d u stries

4.7
5.5
5.6
6.4

M anufac tu rin g

4.2
5.2
5.5
5.6

1 Data do not m e e t pu blication c r ite r ia .

N O T E : T a b le 3 p ro v id e s p ercen ts o f change in a v e r a g e h ou rly ea rn in gs fo r s ele cted
occu pation al grou ps, adjusted to exclu de the e ffe c t o f em ploym en t sh ifts.
The new m ethod
fo r com puting w age tren d s is based on changes in a v e r a g e h ou rly ea rn in gs fo r esta b lish m en ts
re p o rtin g the in dex jo b s in both the cu rren t and p re v io u s y e a r (m atch ed esta b lish m e n ts),
holding esta blish m en t em ploym en t in the jo b s constant.
The new w age tren ds a re not linked to the cu rren t in d ex es becau se the new w age tren d s
m e a s u re changes in m atched esta blish m en t a v e r a g e s w h erea s the cu rren t in dexes m e a s u re
changes in a re a a v e r a g e s . O ther c h a ra c te ris tic s o f the new w age tren d s w hich d iffe r fr o m
the cu rren t ones in clu de (1) ea rn in gs data o f o ffic e c l e r ic a l w o r k e r s and in d u stria l n u rses
a re c o n v erted to an h ou rly b a s is , and (2) tren d e s tim a te s a re p ro v id e d fo r nonm anufacturing
esta b lish m en ts.
F o r a m o r e d e ta iled d e s c rip tio n o f the new m ethod used to com pute a re a w age su rvey
in d ex es, see "Im p ro v in g A r e a W age S u rvey In d ex es, "'M o n th ly L a b o r R e v ie w , January 1973,
pp. 52-57.

Nonmanu­
fa ctu rin g

7.3
(!)
C )

7.9

8

A.

Occupational earnings

T a b le A -1 . O f fic e o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k ly e a rn in g s
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and earn in gs o f w o rk e rs in s e lected occupations by indu stry d iv is io n , A llen tow n —
Bethlehem —Easton, P a . —N. J . , M ay 1973)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

(standard)

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$

Average
weekly

60
Mean ^

Median ^

Middle ranged

1

1
70

I

t

*

$

t

$

*

t

t

t

1 10

70

“

1 60

150

1 60

1 70

180

190

2 00

210

—

—

“

—

—

—

—

-

—

1 30

1 60

1 50

1 60

1 70

1 80

1 90

200

210

220

16

*

-

*

-

16
9
7

8
7
1

30

5
5

10
10

_

-

2 20

*

230

t

i

2
2

19
19

*

—

1 20

80

1 30

—

and
under

1 20

260

2 50

2 60

2 30

260

2 50

and

260

over

10
10

25
25

M
EN AND W EN COMBINED
OM
B IL L E R S , MACHINE (B IL L IN G
MACHINE) -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

67
37

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 0 1 .5 0
1 0 5 .0 0

$
1 0 1 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0

$
$
9 3 .0 0 -1 2 0 .5 0
9 7 .0 0 -1 2 2 .0 0

“

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

82
60

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 1 3 .5 0
1 1 9 .5 0

1 0 9 .0 0
1 2 6 .0 0

9 7 .5 0 -1 2 9 .5 0
1 0 1 .0 0 -1 3 6 .0 0

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ----MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

301
259
62

6 0 .0
6 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 8 6 .0 0
1 8 8 .0 0
1 5 8 .5 0

1 8 9 .0 0
1 9 6 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0

1 3 2 .5 0 -2 2 3 .5 0
1 3 9 .0 0 -2 2 5 .5 0
1 2 6 .0 0 -1 9 9 .5 0

•

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

3 51
292
59

3 9 .5
6 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 2 7 .0 0
1 3 1 .5 0
1 0 5 .0 0

1 1 8 .5 0
1 2 2 .0 0
1 0 6 .5 0

1 0 1 .5 0 -1 5 6 .5 0
1 0 2 .5 0 -1 5 9 .5 0
8 9 .0 0 - 1 1 7 .5 0

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS B --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

169
128
61

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 1 3 .5 0
1 2 2 .0 0
8 7 .5 0

1 0 8 .0 0
1 2 1 .0 0
8 8 .0 0

8 8 .5 0 -1 3 9 .5 0
9 5 .5 0 -1 6 5 .5 0
8 6 .5 0 - 9 2 .5 0

•

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS C --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

99
70

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

9 7 .5 0
8 6 .5 0

8 9 .5 0
8 8 .0 0

8 6 .5 0 -1 1 0 .0 0
8 6 .5 0 - 9 3 .0 0

5
5

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

115
111

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

1 5 1 .5 0
1 5 2 .5 0

1 5 1 .0 0
1 5 1 .0 0

1 1 5 .0 0 -1 8 2 .5 0
1 1 5 .5 0 -1 8 5 .0 0

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

139
123

6 0 .0
6 0 .0

1 6 5 .5 0
1 6 7 .0 0

1 5 0 .0 0
1 6 9 .5 0

1 6 0 .5 0 -1 5 8 .5 0
1 6 1 .0 0 -1 5 8 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ---------------------------

325
2 06
121
33

3 9 .5
6 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0

1 2 6 .5 0
1 2 8 .5 0
1 1 8 .5 0
1 6 5 .0 0

1 1 7 .5 0
1 2 3 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0
1 6 7 .0 0

1 0 1 .0 0 -1 3 9 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0 -1 6 0 .0 0
9 6 .5 0 -1 3 6 .5 0
1 3 9 .5 0 -1 8 7 .5 0

MESSENGERS (O F F IC E BOYS AND G IR L S )MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

76
59

3 9 .5
6 0 .0

1 2 5 .5 0
1 3 3 .0 0

1 3 6 .0 0
1 3 9 .0 0

9 6 .5 0 -1 6 9 .0 0
1 2 6 .0 0 -1 5 1 .5 0

SECRETARIES -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

1 ,0 0 2
833
169

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

1 5 2 .5 0
1 5 5 .0 0
1 3 9 .5 0

1 6 6 .5 0
1 6 8 .0 0
1 2 2 .5 0

1 2 2 .0 0 -1 7 9 .0 0
1 2 6 .5 0 -1 8 0 .0 0
1 0 8 .5 0 -1 6 6 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

163
163

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 8 1 .0 0
1 8 2 .5 0

1 8 0 .5 0
1 8 2 .5 0

1 6 6 .5 0 -2 0 6 .0 0
1 5 7 .5 0 -2 0 6 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

181
136
65

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

1 6 9 .0 0
1 6 6 .5 0
1 7 5 .0 0

1 5 9 .0 0
1 5 5 .5 0
1 8 5 .0 0

1 6 0 .5 0 -2 0 1 .5 0
1 6 1 .0 0 -2 0 0 .5 0
1 3 9 .0 0 -2 1 6 .0 0

_
-

~

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------

356
296
60

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

1 5 1 .0 0
1 5 5 .0 0
1 3 0 .5 0

1 6 6 .5 0
1 5 0 .5 0
1 1 9 .0 0

1 2 6 .5 0 -1 7 3 .0 0
1 3 0 .5 0 -1 7 5 .5 0
1 1 0 .5 0 -1 6 8 .5 0

See footnotes at end o f tables.




16
13

“

11
11

1
1

20

5
6

15
15

16

15
9
6

56

15

30

5

38
16

15
-

28
2

6
1

76
60
16

61
28

30
26

15
7

22
22

30
30

13

6

8

15
13
2

16
15
1

8
8

17
17

21
21

2
2

2
2

17

5

*

26
26

20
20

1
1

_

21

20

1
1

6
6

59
28
31

60
26
16

33
26
7

“

“

-

16
8

8
-

i
-

63
39

-

i

15

-

-

6
18

7

-

11
8
6

3
“
3

39
36

29
12
17

21

21

66
28
16

1

“

7
7

“

_

-

5
6
1

27

20

9

27

20

9

16
16

1
1

“

1
1

26
26

5
5

*

2
2

38
38

62
36

11
11

9
9

-

62

19
17

1
1

16

33
9
8

2
2

-

60
60

16

6

16

6

-

-

-

_
-

6
6

2

16

_
-

16

5
5

2

22
8

-

-

3
3

16

-

_

.

4

-

-

33

8

-

33

-

-

-

-

10

3

1

10

2

-

10

10
10

12
12

7

6

7

5
5

113
76

107
96

90
82

85
80

77
76

68
63

66
57

11

8

120
102
18

67
61

37

6

5

3

5

7

_

3

10
9

22
15

5
6

19

18

19

“

10
9

12

*

11

19

18

19

6

12

22

61

10

16

9

3

1
3

8
6

18
6

37
6

6
6

15

8
1

1
2

61
23
18

69
66

39

67

26

60

23

37
36

33

36

31

5

3

7

1

3

2

-

.
-

-

*

-

8
8

1
1

-

*

-

_

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

“

*

“

3

75
55

7
7

-

_
-

6

-

-

16

-

6
2
-

3
"
3

2

-

2

38
16
22

20

1

5

66

26
19

28
23

15
10

7
5

6
6

9

5

5

5

2

“

2

12
11

7
7

11
11

3
2

5
3

1

6

1

6

12

16

12

11

9

6
6

12

7

6

6

1

2

5

5

3

-

16

26

16
13

3
3

1

23

6
6

2

13

3

1

1

-

-

1
1

1
-

60
6

1

1
1

7

1
1
-

2
2
-

-

9
T a b le A -1 . O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k ly e a rn in g s — C o n tin u e d
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e w eek ly hours and earn in gs o f w o rk e rs in s e le c te d occupations by in d u stry d iv is io n , Allen tow n —Bethlehem —Easton, P a .—N. J . , M ay 1973)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)_____

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
*
60

(standard)

80

90

100

s
110

*
120

—

—

—

—

—

“

—

70

Occupation and industry division

70

and
under

Average
weekly

s

s

*

s

t

t
*
130 160

80

90

100

110

120

130

160

160

s
160

*
170

*
180

$
190

s
200

150

s
150

—

—

-

—

170

180

190

200

210

s
210

s
220

s
230

t
260

*
250

260

and
220

230

260

250

260

over

-

-

2
2

MEN AND WOMEN C O M B IN E D CONTINUED
SECRETARIES -

CONTINUED

$

$

302
258
66

39.5
6 0 .0
3 7 .0

129.50 1 18.50 1 0 5 .5 0 150.50
136.00 122.50 1 0 9 .5 0 162.00
102.50 100.50
9 3 .5 0 -1 1 6 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

286
236

68

39.5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

121.50 113.00
125.00 1 16.50
105.00
9 9.50

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

391
299
92

39.5
39.5
6 0 .0

160.50 162.50
163.00 165.00
132.50 1 32.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

61
31

6 0 .0
6 0 .0

133.50 1 22.50 1 1 2 .5 0 -1 6 1 .0 0
133.50 1 20.00 1 1 5 .0 0 -1 6 1 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

53
67

37.5
3 7 .5

101.00
97.50

103.50
101.50

7 9 .5 0 -1 2 6 .0 0
7 8 .0 0 -1 1 6 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS—
MANUFACTURING — -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

150
116
36

39.5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

110.00
111.00
106.50

110.50

9 6 .0 0 -1 2 0 .5 0
9 0 .5 0 120.00
9 8 .5 0 126.00

36
36

6 0 .0
6 0 .0

162.00 1 66.50 1 5 7 .5 0 -1 8 6 .5 0
162.00 166.50 1 5 7 .5 0 -1 8 6 .5 0

T Y P IS T S , CLASS A
MANUFACTURING

130
117

39.5
6 0 .0

165.00
169.00

T Y P IS T S , CLASS B --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

256
156
98

39.0
39.5
3 8 .5

116.00 110.00
129.00 132.50
9 1.00
95.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS D --------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

See footnotes at end o f ta b les.




112.00
103.00

9 6 .0 0 9 5 .0 0 8 9 .0 0 -

1
1

36
15
21

57
69
8

65
52
13

36
35
1

19
19

10
10

8
8

20
20

16
16

11
11

9
9

6
6

1
1

3
3

1
1

12
12

27
16
13

60
68
12

33
29
6

29
26
5

18
13
5

20
13
7

25
23
2

16
16

10
10

9
9

20
20

1
1

1
1

2
2

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
12

16
6
10

25
16
9

39
37
2

27
19
8

66
50
16

76
68
6

56
56
“

36
22
16

16
8
6

21
10
11

6
6

3
3

1
1

-

1
1

-

-

-

2

165.00
151.50
126.00

3
3

6
6

11
10

2
2

2
1

1
1

5
3

7
5

2
1

11
11

6
6

11
5

2
2

60
60

17
7
10

8
8

2
2

6
6

6

10

1

10

2

1

6

10

1

10

2

1

5
6

1
1

1
1

21
21

1
1

1 2 2 .5 0 -1 5 5 .0 0
1 2 9 .0 0 156.00
1 0 1 .0 0 168.00

-

9
9

5
5

6
6

30
29

26
13
11

1

18

6

12

2
2
5
5

6
6

168.50 1 3 6 .5 0 -1 6 5 .0 0
1 50.00 1 6 0 .5 0 -1 6 5 .5 0
9 1 .0 0 -1 3 9 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0 -1 6 1 .5 0
8 1 .5 0 -1 0 3 .0 0

3
3

6
21

3
18

36
6
28

9
7
68
23
25

7
5

13
13

5
3

25
16
9

IS
12
3

11
11
-

66
66
-

2
2

31
31
31
16
15

2
2

22
22

1
1

19
18

2
2

12
12

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
T a b le A - 2 . P r o fe s s io n a l an d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k ly e a rn in g s
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and earn in gs o f w o rk e rs in s e le c te d occupations by in du stry d iv is io n , A lle n to w n -B e th le h e m — aston, P a .—N .J ., M ay 1973)
E
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)______

Number of workers receiving straight-tim e weekly earnings of—
%

Average
weekly

%

%

$

Under 100
$
| and
100
under

(standard)

110
-

-

_______ 110

Occupation and industry divisic

120

120

130

%

130
-

%

1M

%

140

150

150
-

%

160

%

160

170

170
-

%

180
-

180

190

%

190
200

%

%

%

200

210

220

210

-

-

220

230

%

230
-

%

%

%

%

240

250

260

270

2 *0

250

-

260

270

%

-

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

$
2 1 2 .5 0
2 0 3 .5 0

$
$
$
2 1 2 .5 0 1 9 4 . 5 0 2 0 4 .5 0 1 9 2 .0 0 -

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B -----MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

1 5 7 .0 0
1 5 5 .5 0
1 5 9 .0 0

1 4 9 .5 0
1 4 9 .5 0
1 5 1 .0 0

1 3 7 .5 0 1 3 8 .0 0 1 3 6 .0 0 -

1 7 3 .5 0
1 7 1 .0 0
1 9 0 .5 0

280

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C -----NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 2 5 .5 0
1 2 1 .5 0

1 1 4 .5 0
1 1 4 .0 0

1 1 0 .5 0 1 1 0 .5 0 -

1 3 7 .5 0
1 2 8 .5 0

COMPUTER PR0GRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

2 1 1 .5 0
2 1 3 .0 0

2 1 6 .0 0
2 1 7 .0 0

1 8 3 .5 0 -2 3 5 .0 0
1 8 4 .0 0 -2 3 2 .5 0

COMPUTER PR0GRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C -------------------------

2 4 2 .5 0
2 2 8 .0 0

2 4 0 .0 0 -2 9 0 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

259
242

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 2 9 .5 0
2 2 9 .0 0

2 2 3 .5 0
2 2 1 .5 0

2 1 3 .5 0 2 1 2 .5 0 -

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B -------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

3 66
353

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 8 8 .5 0
1 8 8 .0 0

1 8 7 .0 0
1 8 7 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

2 24
195

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 5 9 .5 0
1 5 8 .0 0

1 5 2 .5 0
1 5 1 .5 0

1 4 0 .0 0 1 3 8 .0 0 -

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 6 9 .0 0
1 6 8 .5 0

1 6 7 .5 0
1 6 5 .0 0

65
65

1 6 3 .5 0 -2 1 4 .0 0
1 6 3 .0 0 -2 1 3 .5 0

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REG ISTERED!
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

* W orkers w ere distributed as follows:

2 5 1 .0 0
2 5 5 .0 0

1 8 4 .0 0
1 8 5 .0 0

1 2 0 .0 0 -1 7 4 .0 0

ORAFTSMEN-TRACERS ----------------------------




6

1 2 9 .5 0 -1 8 1 .0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -------------------------

See footn otes at end of tab les.

10

26
17

1 4 5 .5 0 1 4 5 .5 0 -

1 9 7 .0 0
1 9 6 .5 0

3 at $ 290 to $ 300; 1 at $ 320 to $ 330; and 6 at $ 370 to $ 380.

30
30
37
34

40
37

46
40

26
18

26
23
41
39

20
18

290

- a n d

HEN AND WOMEN COMB INEDl

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A -----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

280

22

20

22

20

290 over

T a b l e A - 3 . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s io n a l, a n d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t i o n s : A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n in g s , b y s ex
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e w eek ly hours and earnings o f w o rk e rs in se le c te d occupations by indu stry d iv is io n , A llen tow n — eth leh em —
B
Easton, Pa,—N .J ,, M ay 1973)
Average

Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

O FFICE OCCUPATIONS -

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

HEN

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B --------HANUFACTURING -------------------------------MESSENGERS (O F F IC E

Number
of
workers

BOYSI ---------------

79

4 0 .0

$
1 5 9 .5 0

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

O FFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of

$

[KEYPUNCH OPERATORS« CLASS D

Aft"*"ft
4 0 . 0 1 4 9 .0 0

11*1
1 13

71 ft
ft
1

O FFICE OCCUPATIONS -

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED
$

-

25

Weekly
standard)

3 9*3
ftn

WOMEN

1 5 2 .0 0
MANUFACTURING —
1 69

B IL L E R S , MACHINE (B IL L IN G

MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

82
60

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 1 3 .5 0
1 1 9 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

136
105
31

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 4 7 .5 0
1 4 7 .0 0
1 4 8 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

2 72
214
58

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 1 8 .0 0
1 2 1 .5 0
1 0 4 .5 0

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS B --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

168
127
41

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 1 3 .5 0
1 2 1 .5 0
8 7 .5 0

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS C --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

93
68

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

9 8 .5 0
8 6 .5 0

CLERKS, ORDER -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

216
2 16

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

OCCUPATIONS -

1 4 3 .0 0
1 4 3 .0 0

SECRETARIES* CLASS A
MANUFACTURING *

3 9 *5

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------- ------------

* *

139
123

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

oo
oo

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

63
59

39 0
MANUFAC TURING

MEN

COMPUTER OPERATORS* CLASS A
3 9 .5

3 8 .5

60

33 5 1 3 1 5 0
3 8 . 0 1 3 0 .5 0

MANUF ACT URING

2 0 4 .0 0

4 0 .0

U Q
1 66 *50
1 7 5 .0 0

*5

1 5 8 .0 0
1 5 6 .0 0

1Cft Kft
3 9 .5
MANUFACTURING
jt L K t lA K lt jf LLA j o U
H A N U r A L 1UK 1 Nu
' " "“ “

292
2 48

9*10

3 00
J :

9 5 1 26 50
4 0 . 0 1 3 1 .0 0
3 7 . 0 1 0 2 .5 0
i on nn
i«

_ 1
3 9 * 0 1 ftK .0 0
0 5 ftft

COMPUTER PR0GRAMERS,
BUSINESS* CLASS C

1 5 7 .0 0

2 59

4 0 .0

fft f 1 3 2 .5 0
t

.

aft n 133

1 8 8 .5 0

aft f *XX* XX
4 0 . 0t
193

40^0

1 5 8 .0 0

57

4 0 .0

1 6 9 .0 0
1 6 8 .5 0

3 7 *5
SWITCHBOARD O PERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

150

3 9 .5

1 1 0 .0 0

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

1 0 6 *5 0
MANUFACTURING -----------------------

See footnote at end of tables.




2 1 3 .5 0
2 1 4 .5 0

BUSINESS* CLASS B

3 3 * 1Aft eft
■
3
1 A9 f f
tt

on
92

1 2 7 .0 0
1 2 7 .0 0
1 4 5 .5 0
1 4 7 .0 0

1 0 2 .3 0

oo

1 0 1 .5 0
1 0 5 .0 0

« v
0 0
OV
I

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

n> r>
s
n> r>
s

47
37

MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

12

T a b le A -4 . M a in te n a n c e and p o w e rp la n t o cc u p atio n s: H o u rly e arn in g s
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e h o u rly earnings o f w o rk e rs in s e le c te d occupations by indu stry d iv is io n , A lle n to w n -B e th le h e m -E a s to n , P a .— .J ., M a y 1973)
N

Number of workers receiving straight-tim e hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings3

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

%

%

U n d e r3 * 50
2

Median 2

Middle range

2

and
3*50 under

%

%

3#6°

%

%

3 * 70

3 * 80

_

_

_

%
3 * 90

_

%

%

4 * 00

* * l °

* * 20

_

_

_

%

$

%

4 * 30

_

%

4 **°

_

%

* * 50

_

4 * 6°

_

%

* * 70

.

%

4 * 80

.

%

* * 90

.

%

5 .0 0

-

%

%

%

%

%

5*20 5 .4 0 5 .6 0 5 .8 0 6 .0 0 6 .2 0

-

-

-

-

-

and

4 .3 0

4 .4 0

4 .5 0

4 ,6 0

4 .7 0

4 .8 0

4 .9 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 ,4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

18
18

1
1

-

-

-

7
“

“

44
44

“

3
3

3
3

13
12

”

8
8

*

-

9
9

27
27

54
54

18
18

-

7
7

3
3

46
46

-

.
“

10
7

37
37

2
”

50
50

27
12

31
31

-

“

16
16

3
3

4
4

-

10
10

•

4
4

20
20

4
4

12
12

-

-

.

-

-

-

*

7
7

_

24
24

-

7

7

.

7

7

99
99

-

*

*

2
“

3
3

9
9

”

17
9

12
12

11
11

*

2

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

3 .9 0

4 .0 0

4 .1 0 4 .2 0

-

-

“

20
20

-

6
6

2
2

“

12
12

“

44
44

2
2

_

HEN

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE ----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

124
1 16

$
4 .6 6
4 .6 6

$
4 .8 2
4 .8 3

$
4 .1 2 4 .1 1 -

$
4 .8 9
4 .8 9

E LEC TR IC IA N S , MAINTENANCE -----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

335
3 15

4 .9 6
4 .9 1

4 .7 8
4 .7 6

4 .2 6 4 .2 5 -

5 .6 6
5 .6 3

_

_

-

*

-

*

FIREM EN, STATIONARY BOILER ---------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

200
194

4 .1 7
4 .2 4

4 .3 6
4 .3 9

3 . 7 6 - 4 .5 8
3 . 7 7 - 4 .5 9

10
4

16
16

-

M A C H IN IST S, MAINTENANCE ----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

198
188

4 .8 4
4 .8 1

4 .7 6
4 .7 5

4 .7 0 4 .7 0 -

5 .2 0
4 .8 0

_

_

_

”

*

*

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE! -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ---------------------------

292
121
171
155

4 .7 5
4 .9 9
4 .5 8
4 .6 4

4 .9 0
5 .0 5
4 .8 2
4 .8 4

4 .1 1 4 .9 9 4 .0 8 4 .0 9 -

5 .1 2
5 .1 3
5 .1 2
5 .1 3

“

7
-

-

“

“

3
3
*

61
16
45
45

20
1
19
12

4
4
-

6
1
5
5

*

-

-

1
1
-

45
45
45

6
6
“

98
65
33
33

21
5
16
15

-

9
9
-

2
-

9
9
-

-

7

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

6 97
6 89

5 .1 2
5 .1 2

5 .4 9
5 .4 9

4 .2 1 4 .2 0 -

5 .8 2
5 .8 2

-

_

-

-

-

35
35

-

*

“

12
12

24
21

35
35

158
158

22
22

146
142

48
48

4

-

1
*

-

*

41
41

_

“

107
107

.

“

52
52

_

“

12
12

MILLWRIGHTS ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

97
97

5 .4 4
5 .4 4

5 .6 6
5 .6 6

5 .4 3 5 .4 3 -

5 .8 6
5 .8 6

-

-

.

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

-

-

“

-

-

1
1

20
20

20
20

25
25

14
14

-

“

2
2

_

*

6
6

-

*

9
9

PAIN TE R S , MAINTENANCE --------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

89
89

4 .4 1
4 .4 1

4 .4 3
4 .4 3

3 . 9 0 - 4 .4 8
3 . 9 0 - 4 .4 8

_

1
1

-

4
4

18
18

5
5

1
1

2
2

.

_

43
43

-

-

_

.

-

-

”

“

“

10
10

-

*

5
5

-

*

P IP E F IT T E R S , MAINTENANCE --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

139
139

4 .8 6
4 .8 6

5 .0 5
5 .0 5

4 .1 7 4 .1 7 -

5 .4 6
5 .4 6

-

_

-

3
3

40
40

8
8

-

-

3

-

-

*

*

3

“

1
1

30
30

9
9

TOOL AND D IE MAKERS ------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

168
168

5 .4 3
5 .4 3

5 .9 1
5 .9 1

4 .5 9 4 .5 9 -

5 .9 7
5 .9 7

-

_

.

-

11
11

-

28
28

-

19
19

1
1

3
3

See footn otes at end o f tab les




1
1

-

-

-

-

5

-

5

“

“

-

6
6

-

-

-

-

“

-

*

55
55

-

-

-

“

*

29
29

11
11

_

-

-

-

"

4

-

-

*

-

11
11

-

-

66
66

23
23

“

”
-

13

T a b le A -5 . C u sto dial and m aterial m o v em e n t occupations: H o u rly earnings
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earn in gs o f w o rk e rs in s e lected occupations by in d u stry d iv is io n , A llen tow n — ethlehem —
B
Easton, P a . —N. J. , M ay 1973)

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings3

Sex, occupation, and industry division

1

Number
of

I

1 .6 0
Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

»

s

i

1 .6 0 2 .0 0 2 .2 0

$

s

s

t

i

i

1

i

I

*

i

2 .6 0 2 . 6 0 2 . 8 0

3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 .6 0

3 .6 0 3 .8 0 6 .0 0 6 . 2 0

i

6 .6 0 6 . 6 0

i

i

i

i

i

l

6 .8 0 5 .0 0

5 .2 0 5 .6 0 5 .6 0 5 .8 0 6 .0 0

5 ,0 0

5 ,2 0

5 ,4 0

5 ,6 0

5 .8 0

6 ,0 0

“

-

“

-

-

”

”

“

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

and
under
1 .8 0

M
EN

2 .0 0

2 ,2 0

2 ,4 0

2 ,6 0

2 ,8 0

3 ,0 0

3 .2 0

3 ,4 0

3 ,6 0

3 ,8 0

4 ,0 0

4 ,2 0

4 ,4 0

4 ,6 0

12
3

21
9

10
6

6
6

13
9

1
“

27
26

26
26

-

10
10

7
7

29
29

111
111

3
3

1
1

1
1

-

21
19
2
2

37
37

2
2
2

_
-

-

“

“

163
163

150
150

-

-

_
-

_
-

125
125

-

_
-

27
27

.
-

_
-

-

-

-

_
-

-

.

5
5

7
7

-

“

15
15

2

*

2

-

4
6

3
3

6
6

_

1
1

-

-

-

“

~

“

~

”

185
185
185

212
212
212

218
218
218

”

“

“

$

$

$

?

\
3,79

? * 10
4.T o

3.25

9,25

36
“

Z.83

3.05

2.65

3.25

-

3

9

-

3

9

-

10

12

-

3.28

3.63

2.98-

3.66

.
-

15
6
9

52
21
31
“

106
60
66
*

80
36
66
1

26
5
19
9

18
11
7

110
98
12
6

156
151
5

97
89
8
8

382
355
27
27

13
3
10
10

8
8
“

69
69
“

2
2

32
6
26

33
9
26

18
7
11

18
8
10

63
62
1

52
52
-

156
156
-

62
61
1

62
61
21

6
6

21
20
1

_
-

-

5
5

15
5

7
7

2
2

6
1

15
7

11
6

116
2

6 ,2 0

7

1,170

4 ,8 0

1
1

$
ta

^

WATCHMEN

JANITORS,

PORTERS,

PUBLIC

AND

UTILITIES

CLEANERS

-------

--------------------------------

222
63

3,56

2.56
3.67

2.263.63-

3.16
3.79

" 1 5

5*06

3
3

3.72

3.31-

3.76

.

_

10
* :

-

•

’ *95

3*99

-

-

6
6

11
11

20
20

9
7

12
12

2
2

7
7

58
58

20
20

9
9

66
66

.

3*46

-

2
2

_
-

_
“

8
5
3

6
3
1

9
1
8

12
10
2

10
10
“

23
22
1

36
25
11

12
1
11

5
6
1

1

I*JJ

*
-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
4

13
13

28
28

_

-

2
2

6
5

1
1

-

_

-

_

18
18

19
11

26
26

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

10

-

6
6

3

-

3
-

.

-

3

10

*

“

“

*

”

-

.
“

-

12
12
-

16
16

53

50
50
-

103
33
70
“

13
2

112
111
1
1

4
4
“

44
19
25
”

56
52
2

“

22
12
10
“

27
22
5

*

15
1
16
*

_

_

”

“

“

3
”

16
16

9
”

2

*
“

1

8
8

8
8

3
3

“

*

13
5

“

16
16

4

“

3
2

_

“

1
*

3

”

“

2

1
”

4
“

12
6

^ * il

5

186

3.38

3*39

01

"

L L t K lV o
ru e

3.92
3*03

69

t*30

3*79

82

3*64

5 * ii

099

5. 8 7

*
5 .9 3

?

3 ,5 1

3*16

3*62

ft i n

3 .6 9

3*71

4*90

LIGHT

MEDIUM

(1-1/2

HEAVY

NONMANUFACTURING

TRUCKDRIVERS,

(OVER

6

6.13

6.00

_

(OVER

6

_
, 33

• 3

3.

3

5 .0 5

”

_

TONS,

-------------------------------------

HEAVY

5.67-

TO
J?

TRUCKDRIVERS,

/ , ,

(UN0ER
a

TRUCKORIVERS,

,

2.93-

TRUCKDRIVERS,

126
662
574

4*60
5*67
^•07

6*39
5^93
5,95

2 *^ 9

3*5"

5.665.66

6.12
6.13

-

J ' ^5

“

AND

CLEANERS

1UK I N o

See footnotes at end o f tables,




-------

-

_

3, 9 3

3,69

106

2.75

2,76

2.23-

3.26

_

*

*

1
“

6
6
*

2

6
6

6

“

2
*

8

2
2
-

63
16
69

”

10

11
3

8
“

_

“

“

“

“

27
27

106
106

20
20

23
23

-

-

_

11
9

1 35
135

197
161

23
23

36
32

16
16

.

7
6
3

7
6
1

13
10
3

10
6
6

-

-

1
1

-

-

6
6

9
9

*

20
15

20
6
16

6
6

*

16
12

3
1
2

20
18

27
27
27

16
16

38
38

_
“

22
22
-

1
1

9
9
-

*

9
9

8
8

15
11
6

33

27
27

-

13
13

*

2

60

31
31
-

11
11

12
12

26
8
16

8

6

2

20

6
6

5
5

-

28
25
“

-

1

60
20

2

.
“

-

“

11
1

-

—

2

12
12

“

_
“

-

“

-

*

W EN
OM
PORTERS,

-

”

-

_

-

339

H ANUr

-

”

-

JANITORS,

_

_

TONS,
113

-

6
6

*

225

K t L t I V IN b

-

_

_
_

”

"

“

185
185
185

160
160
160

202
202
202

_

52

16

-

*

“

_
-

38
38
-

.
•

8
8

.
*

1
1

_

-

-

-

-

-

*

14

F o o tn o te s

1 S tan d ard h ou rs r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e
at r e g u la r an d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ), and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u rs.
2 T h e m ea n is com p u ted f o r ea c h jo b b y to ta lin g the e a r n in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s ,
T h e m ed ia n
d e s ig n a te s p o s itio n — h a lf o f the e m p lo y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e iv e m o r e than the r a te shown; h a lf r e c e iv e le s s than the r a te shown,
T h e m id d le
ra n g e is d e fin e d b y 2 r a te s o f p a y ; a fo u rth o f the w o r k e r s e a rn le s s than the lo w e r o f th e s e r a te s and a fo u rth e a r n m o r e than the h ig h e r ra te .
3 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts .




A p p e n d ix . O c c u p a tio n a l D e s c r ip tio n s
The p r im a ry purpose o f p rep a rin g jo b descrip tio n s fo r the Bu reau's w age su rveys is to a ssist its fie ld sta ff in cla s s ify in g into appropriate
occupations w ork ers who a re em ployed under a v a rie ty o f p a y ro ll title s and d iffe re n t w ork arran gem en ts fr o m establish m ent to establishm ent and
fr o m a rea to a rea . Th is p erm its the grouping o f occupational w age ra tes re p res en tin g com parab le jo b content. Because o f this em phasis on
in terestablish m en t and in te ra re a co m p a ra b ility o f occupational content, the Bu reau's job d es crip tio n s m ay d iffe r sig n ific a n tly fro m those in use in
individual establish m ents o r those p rep a red fo r oth er pu rp oses. In applying these job d es crip tio n s , the Bu reau's fie ld econ om ists a re .nstructed
to exclude w orking s u p erviso rs; apprentices: le a rn e r s ; beginn ers; tra in e e s ; and handicapped, p a rt-tim e , tem p o ra ry , and probationary w o rk ers.

O F F IC E
C L E R K , A C C O U N TIN G — Continued

B IL L E R , M A C H IN E
P r e p a re s statem en ts, b ills , and in voic es on a m achine oth er than an o rd in a ry o r e le c tr o m a tic ty p e w r ite r. M ay also keep re co rd s as to b illin gs o r shipping ch arges o r p e rfo rm other
c le r ic a l w ork incidental to b illin g opera tio n s. F o r wage study pu rp oses, b ille r s , m achine, a re
c la s s ifie d by type o f m achine, as fo llo w s:

P o sitio n s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the basis o f the fo llow in g definitions.
C la ss A . Under ge n era l su pervisio n , p e r fo rm s accounting c le r ic a l operations which
re q u ire the application o f ex p erien c e and judgm ent, fo r exam ple, c le r ic a lly processin g co m ­
p lica ted o r n on rep etitive accounting tra n sa ction s, selectin g among a substantial v a rie ty o f
p r e s c r ib e d accounting codes and cla s s ific a tio n s , o r tra cin g tran saction s through previous
accounting actions to d eterm in e sou rce o f d is c rep a n cies. M ay be a ssisted by one or m o re
cla ss B accounting c le rk s .

B ille r , m achine (b illin g m a ch in e). U ses a special b illin g m achine (com bination typing
and adding m achine) to p rep a re b ills and in voic es fro m cu sto m ers' purchase o rd e r s , in te r ­
n ally p rep a red o rd e r s , shipping m em orandum s, etc. U su ally in vo lv es application o f p r e ­
determ in ed discounts and shipping ch arges and en try o f n e c e s s a ry extension s, which m ay o r
m ay not be computed on the b illin g m achine, and tota ls which a re a u tom atically accumulated
by m achine. The operation u su ally in volv es a la rg e number o f carbon co pies o f the b ill being
p rep a red and is often done on a fan fold m achine.
B ille r , m achine (bookkeeping m a ch in e). U ses a bookkeeping machine (with o r without
a ty p e w r ite r keyboard) to p rep a re cu sto m ers' b ills as part of the accounts r e c e iv a b le o p e ra ­
tion. G en era lly in volv es the sim ultaneous en try o f fig u res on c u sto m ers' le d g e r re c o r d . The
m achine au tom a tica lly accum ulates fig u res on a number o f v e r t ic a l columns and computes
and usually prints a u tom a tica lly the debit o r cred it balances.
Does not in vo lv e a knowl­
edge o f bookkeeping.
W orks fro m uniform and standard types o f sales and c re d it slip s.

C lass B . Under clo s e su p ervision , fo llow in g deta iled in stru ction s and standardized p r o ­
ced u res, p e rfo rm s one o r m o re routine accounting c le r ic a l o pera tion s, such as posting to
le d g e rs , ca rd s, o r w orksh eets w h ere id en tifica tion o f item s and locations o f postings a re
c le a r ly indicated; checking a ccu ra cy and com pleteness o f standardized and re p etitive record s
o r accounting documents; and coding documents using a few p re s c rib e d accounting codes.
C L E R K , F IL E
F ile s , c la s s ifie s , and re tr ie v e s m a te r ia l in an establish ed filin g system . May p erfo rm
c le r ic a l and manual tasks re q u ired to m aintain file s . P o sition s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the
basis o f the fo llo w in g definitions.
C lass A . C la s s ifie s and in dexes file m a te r ia l such as co rrespon d en ce, re p o rts, tech ­
n ical docum ents, e tc ., in an establish ed filin g system containing a number o f va rie d subject
m a tte r file s . M ay also fi l e this m a te r ia l. M ay keep re c o rd s o f variou s types in conjunction
with the file s . M ay lea d a sm all group o f lo w e r le v e l file c le r k s .

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O perates a bookkeeping machine (with o r without a ty p e w r ite r keyboard) to keep a re c o rd
o f business tra n sa ction s.

C lass B . S orts, codes, and file s
ings o r p a rtly c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l by
c r o s s - r e fe r e n c e a ids. A s requ ested,
w ards m a te r ia l. M a y p e r fo rm re la ted

C la ss A . K eeps a set o f re co rd s re q u irin g a know ledge o f and ex p erien ce in basic
bookkeeping p r in c ip le s , and fa m ilia r it y with the stru ctu re o f the p a rticu la r accounting system
used. D eterm in es p ro p e r re c o rd s and d istribu tion o f debit and c r e d it item s to be used in each
phase o f the w ork. M ay p re p a re consolidated re p o rts , balance sheets, and oth er re co rd s
by hand.
C la ss B. K eeps a re c o r d o f one o r m o re phases o r sections o f a set o f re c o rd s usually
re q u irin g lit t le know ledge o f basic bookkeeping. Ph ases o r section s include accounts payable,
p a y r o ll, cu sto m ers' accounts (not including a sim p le type o f b illin g d es crib e d under b ille r ,
m ach in e), co st d istribu tion , expense d istribu tion , in ven to ry co n trol, etc. M ay check o r a ssist
in p rep a ra tion o f t r ia l balances and p rep a re co n trol sheets fo r the accounting departm ent.
C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G
P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e accounting c le r ic a l tasks such as posting to re g is te r s and le d g e rs ;
re co n cilin g bank accounts; v e r ify in g the in tern al con sisten cy, com p leten ess, and m ath em atical
a ccu ra cy o f accounting docum ents; a ssignin g p r e s c r ib e d accounting distribu tion codes; exam ining
and v e r ify in g fo r c le r ic a l accu ra cy va rio u s types o f r e p o r ts , lis t s , calcu lation s, posting, etc.;
o r p rep a rin g sim p le o r a ssistin g in p rep a rin g m o re co m p licated jou rn al vou ch ers. M ay w ork
in e ith er a manual o r automated accounting system .
Th e w ork re q u ir e s a know ledge o f c le r ic a l methods and o ffic e p ra c tic es and procedu res
which re la te s to the c le r ic a l p ro ce ssin g and re co rd in g o f tran saction s and accounting in form ation .
With ex p erien c e, the w o rk er ty p ic a lly becom es fa m ilia r with the bookkeeping and accounting term s
and p roce d u res used in the assigned w ork , but is not requ ired to have a knowledge o f the fo rm a l
p rin c ip le s o f bookkeeping and accounting.




NOTE:

u n classified m a te r ia l by sim ple (su bject m a tter) head­
fin er subheadings. P r e p a re s sim ple related index and
lo ca tes c le a r ly id en tified m a te r ia l in file s and f o r ­
c le r ic a l tasks re q u ired to m aintain and s e r v ic e file s .

C la ss C . P e r fo r m s routine filin g o f m a te r ia l that has a lrea d y been c la s s ifie d o r which
is e a s ily c la s s ifie d in a sim ple s e r ia l c la s s ific a tio n system (e .g ., alph abetical, ch ron ologica l,
o r n u m eric a l). A s requ ested, lo ca tes re a d ily ava ila b le m a te r ia l in file s and forw a rds m a ­
t e r ia l; and m ay f i l l out w ithdraw al ch arge. M ay p e rfo rm sim ple c le r ic a l and manual tasks
re q u ired to m aintain and s e r v ic e file s .
C L E R K , O RDER
R e c e iv e s cu sto m ers' o rd e rs fo r m a te r ia l o r m erch a n dise by m a il, phone, o r p erso n a lly.
Duties in vo lv e any com bination o f the fo llo w in g : Quoting u r ic t s to cu stom ers; m aking out an o rd er
sheet listin g the item s to m ake up the o rd e r ; checking p r ic e s and quantities o f item s on o rd er
sheet; and distribu tin g o rd e r sheets to r e s p e c tiv e departm ents to be fille d . M ay check with cred it
departm ent to d eterm in e c re d it ratin g o f cu stom er, acknow ledge re ceip t o f o rd e rs fro m cu stom ers,
fo llo w up o rd e r s to see that they have been fille d , keep file o f o rd e rs re c e iv e d , and check shipping
in voic es with o rig in a l o rd e r s .
CLERK, P A Y R O LL
Computes w ages o f company em p loyees and en ters the n ece s s a ry data on the pa yroll
sheets. Duties in volv e: C alcu lating w o r k e r s ' earn in gs based on tim e o r production re co rd s; and
posting calcu lated data on p a y ro ll sheet, showing in form a tion such as w o r k e r 's nam e, w orking
days, tim e, ra te, deductions fo r in su rance, and total w ages due. M ay m ake out paychecks and
a s s is t pa ym a ster in m aking up and d istribu tin g pay en velopes. M ay use a calcu lating m achine.

The Bureau has discontinued c o llectin g data fo r co m p to m eter o p era to rs.

15

16
KEYPUNCH O PERATO R

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

O perates a keypunch m achine to re c o r d
tabulating cards o r on tape.

o r v e r i fy

alphabetic

and/or n um eric

data on

P o sition s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the basis o f the fo llo w in g d efin ition s.
C lass A . W ork re q u ire s the application o f e x p erien c e and judgm ent in sele ctin g p r o c e ­
dures to be fo llo w ed and in sea rch in g fo r , in te rp retin g , sele ctin g , o r coding item s to be
keypunched fr o m a v a r ie ty o f sou rce docum ents. On occa sio n m ay a lso p e r fo rm som e routine
keypunch w ork .
M ay tra in in exp erien ced keypunch o p e ra to rs .

N O T E : The te r m "c o rp o ra te o ffic e r , " used in the le v e l d efinitions follow in g, r e fe r s to
those o ffic ia ls who have a sign ifican t c o rp o ra te -w id e po licym a k in g ro le with re ga rd to m a jo r
com pany a c tiv itie s . The title " v ic e p r e s id e n t ,” though n o rm a lly in d ica tive o f this ro le , does not
in a ll cases id en tify such position s. V ic e presid en ts whose p r im a ry re sp o n sib ility is to act p e r ­
sonally on individual ca ses o r tran saction s (e .g ., approve o r deny individual loan o r c re d it actions;
a d m in ister individual tru st accounts; d ir e c t ly su p ervise a c le r ic a l sta ff) a re not con sidered to be
"c o rp o ra te o ffic e r s " fo r purposes o f applying the fo llo w in g le v e l d efin itio n s .
C la ss A

a ll,
C la ss B . W ork is routine and re p e titiv e . Under c lo s e su p ervision o r fo llo w in g s p e cific
p roced u res o r in stru ction s, w orks fr o m va rio u s stand ardized source documents which have
been coded, and fo llo w s sp e c ifie d p roced u res which have been p r e s c r ib e d in d eta il and re q u ire
lit t le o r no se le c tin g , coding, o r in te rp retin g o f data to be re co rd ed . R e fe rs to s u p erviso r
prob lem s a ris in g fr o m erron eou s item s o r codes o r m is sin g in form ation .

1. S e c re ta r y to the ch airm an o f the board o r p resid en t o f a company that em ploys, in
o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5,000 p e rs o n s : o r

2. S e c re ta r y to a co rp o ra te o ffic e r (o th er than the ch airm an o f the board or p residen t)
o f a com pany that em p loys, in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 but fe w e r than 25,000 p ers o n s : or
3. S e c re ta r y to the head, im m e d ia te ly b elo w the co rp o ra te o ffic e r le v e l,
segm ent o r su b sid iary o f a com pany that em p loy s, in a ll, o v e r 25,000 p erso n s.

o f a m a jo r

C la ss B

M ESSENG ER (O ffic e Boy o r G ir l)

1. S e c re ta r y to the chairm an o f the board o r p resid en t o f a company that em ploys, in
fe w e r than 100 p e rs o n s ; o r

P e r fo r m s va rio u s routine duties such as running erra n d s, operatin g m in o r o ffic e m a ­
chines such as s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , opening and d istribu tin g m a il, and oth er m in o r c le r ic a l w ork.
Exclude position s that re q u ire o p era tio n o f a m o to r v e h ic le as a sign ifican t duty.

a ll,

SECRETARY

3. S e c re ta r y to the head, im m e d ia te ly b elow the o ffic e r le v e l, o v e r eith er a m a jo r
co rp o ra te -w id e functional a c tiv ity (e .g ., m a rk etin g , re s e a rc h , opera tio n s, in du strial r e la tion s, e tc .) o i a m a jo r geogra ph ic o r orga n iza tio n a l segm ent (e .g ., a re g io n a l h eadquarters;
a m a jo r d ivis io n ) o f a company that em p loys, in a ll, o v e r 5,000 but fe w e r than 25,000
e m p lo y e e s ; or

A ssig n ed as p erso n a l s e c r e ta r y , n o rm a lly to one in dividu al. M aintains a clo se and high ly
resp o n siv e relatio n sh ip to the d a y -to -d a y w ork o f the su p e rv is o r. Works fa ir ly independently r e ­
c e iv in g a m inim um o f d eta iled su p ervisio n and guidance. P e r fo r m s v a rie d c le r ic a l and s e c r e ta r ia l
duties, u su ally including m o st o f the fo llo w in g :
a. R e c e iv e s telephone c a lls , p erso n a l c a lle r s , and incom ing m a il,
in q u ires, and routes tech n ical in q u iries to the p ro p e r person s;

a nsw ers

b.

E sta b lish es, m ain tain s,

c.

R ela y s m e ssa g es fr o m su p e rv is o r to subordinates;

4. S e c re ta r y to the head o f an in dividu al plant, fa c to ry , etc . (o r other equ ivalent le v e l
o f o ffic ia l) that em p loy s, in a ll, o v e r 5,000 p e rs o n s ; or
5. S e c re ta r y to the head o f a la rg e and im portan t o rga n izatio n a l segm ent (e .g ., a m id dle
m anagem ent s u p erviso r o f an o rga n izatio n a l segm en t often in volv in g as m any as s e v e ra l
hundred p erso n s) o r a company that em p loys, in a ll, o v e r 25,000 p e r s o n s .

M aintains the s u p e r v is o r's ca len dar and m akes appointm ents as instru cted;

d.

routine

2. S e c re ta r y to a c o rp o ra te o ffic e r (o th er than the ch airm an o f the board or p resid en t)
o f a com pany that em ploys, in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5,000 p ers o n s ; o r

and r e v is e s the s u p e r v is o r's file s ;
C la ss C

e.
R ev iew s co rresp o n d en ce, m em orandum s, and re p o rts p rep a red
s u p e r v is o r's signatu re to a ssu re p roce d u ra l and typogra ph ic a ccu racy;
f.

by oth ers fo r the

1. S e c re ta r y to an ex ecu tive o r m a n a geria l person whose re s p o n s ib ility is not equ ivalent
to one o f the s p e c ific le v e l situations in the definition fo r c la ss B , but whose orga n ization a l
unit n o rm a lly num bers at le a s t s e v e ra l dozen em p loyees and is u su ally divid ed into o rg a n iz a ­
tion al segm ents which a re often , in turn, fu rth er subdivided. In som e com panies, this le v e l
includes a w ide range o f o rga n izatio n a l echelons; in oth ers, on ly one o r two; o r
2. S e c re ta r y to the head o f an individual plant, fa c to ry , etc. (o r other equivalent le v e l
o f o ffic ia l) that em ploys, in a ll, fe w e r than 5,000 p e r s o n s .

P e r fo r m s sten ograph ic and typing w ork.

M ay a lso p e r fo rm oth er c le r ic a l and s e c r e t a r ia l tasks o f com parable nature and d ifficu lty .
The w ork ty p ic a lly re q u ire s know ledge o f o ffic e routine and understanding o f the orga n izatio n ,
p r o g ra m s , and p roce d u res re la ted to the w ork o f the s u p e rv is o r.

E xclu sions
Not a ll p osition s that a re title d " s e c r e t a r y " p osses s the above c h a ra c te ris tic s .
o f position s which a re excluded fr o m the defin itio n a re as fo llo w s :

Exam ples

C la ss D
1. S e c re ta r y to the s u p erviso r o r head o f a sm all orga n iza tio n a l unit (e .g ., fe w e r than
about 25 o r 30 p erso n s); c>r
2. S e c re ta r y to a n on su p erviso ry sta ff sp e c ia lis t, p ro fe ssio n a l em p loy ee, a d m in istra ­
tiv e o ffic e r , o r a ssista n t, s k ille d technician o r ex p ert.
(N O T E : Many com panies assign
sten ogra ph ers, ra th er than s e c re ta rie s as d e s crib e d above, to this le v e l o f s u p erviso ry o r
n on su p erviso ry w o r k e r .)
S TE N O G R A P H E R

a.

P o sitio n s

b.

S tenographers not fu lly tra in ed in s e c r e t a r ia l type duties;

which do not m eet the

"p e r s o n a l"

s e c r e ta r y

concept d e s crib e d

above;

c.
S tenographers se rv in g as o ffic e a ssistan ts to a group o f p r o fe s s io n a l, tech n ical, or
m a n a g e ria l persons;
d. S e c re ta r y position s in which the duties a re eith er substantially m o re routine o r
su bstan tially m o re co m p lex and re sp o n sib le than those ch a ra c te riz e d in the definition;

P r im a r y duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to tra n s c rib e the dictation. M ay
a lso type fr o m w ritten copy. M ay o p era te fr o m a stenographic pool. M ay o cca sio n a lly tra n scrib e
fr o m v o ic e re co rd in g s ( i f p r im a r y duty is tra n scrib in g fr o m re c o rd in g s , see T ra n scrib in g-M a ch in e
O p era to r, G en era l).
N O T E : Th is jo b is distinguished fr o m that o f a s e c r e ta r y in that a s e c re ta ry n orm a lly
w orks in a con fiden tia l relatio n sh ip w ith only one m an ager o r ex ecu tive and p erfo rm s m o re
resp o n sib le and d is c re tio n a ry tasks as d es c rib e d in the s e c r e ta r y job defin ition .
S tenographer, G en eral

e. A ssista n t type position s which in vo lv e m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o re resp o n sib le tech ­
n ica l, a d m in istra tive, s u p e rv is o ry , o r s p e c ia lize d c le r ic a l duties which a re not typ ic a l o f
s e c r e t a r ia l w ork.




D ictation in vo lv es a n orm a l routine voca bu la ry. M ay m aintain file s , keep sim ple re c o r d s ,
o r p e r fo rm oth er r e la t iv e ly routine c le r ic a l tasks.

17
S T E N O G R A P H E R — Continued

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (E le c tr ic Accounting Machine O p era to r)— Continued

S tenographer, Senior

P o sition s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the basis o f the fo llow in g definitions.

Dictation in vo lv es a v a rie d tech nical o r sp e cia lize d voca bu la ry such as in le g a l b rie fs
o r re p o rts on sc ie n tific re s e a rc h . M ay also set up and m aintain file s , keep r e c o r d s , etc.
OR
P e r fo r m s stenographic duties re qu irin g sig n ific a n tly g r e a te r independence and respon ­
s ib ility than sten ogra ph er, ge n era l, as evidenced by the follow in g:
W ork re q u ire s a high
d eg ree o f stenographic speed and a ccu racy; a thorough w orkin g knowledge o f gen era l business
and o ffic e procedu re; and o f the s p e c ific business o peration s, orga n ization , p o lic ie s , p r o c e ­
du res, file s , w ork flo w , etc. Uses this know ledge in p e rfo rm in g stenographic duties and
respon sib le c le r ic a l tasks such as m aintaining follow u p file s ; a ssem blin g m a te r ia l fo r re p o rts,
m em orandum s, and le tte rs ; com posing sim ple le tte rs fr o m gen era l in stru ction s; read ing and
routing incom ing m a il; and answ erin g routine questions, etc.
S W ITC H B O AR D O P E R A T O R
C la ss A . O perates a sin gle- o r m u ltiple-p osition telephone sw itchboard handling incom ing,
outgoing, intraplant o r o ffic e c a lls . P e r fo r m s fu ll telephone in form ation s e r v ic e o r handles
com plex c a lls , such as co n feren ce, c o lle c t, o v e rs e a s , o r s im ila r c a lls , e ith er in addition to
doing routine w ork as d es crib e d fo r sw itchboard o p e ra to r, class B, o r as a fu ll-tim e
assignm ent. ( " F u l l ” telephone in form a tion s e r v ic e o ccu rs when the establish m ent has v a rie d
functions that a re not re a d ily understandable fo r telephone in form ation pu rposes, e.g ., because
o f o verla p p in g o r in te rre la te d functions, and consequently presen t frequent prob lem s as to
which extensions a re a ppropria te fo r c a lls .)
C la ss B . O perates a single- o r m u ltiple-p osition telephone sw itchboard handling in com ing,
outgoing, intraplant o r o ffic e c a lls . M ay handle routine long distance c a lls and re c o rd to lls .
M ay p e r fo rm lim ited telephone in form a tion s e r v ic e . ( " L im it e d " telephone in form a tion s e r v ic e
occu rs i f the functions o f the establishm ent s e r v ic e d a re re a d ily understandable fo r telephone
in form ation pu rp oses, o r i f the requests a re routine, e.g ., giv in g extension num bers when
sp e cific names a re furnished, o r i f co m p lex c a lls a re r e fe r r e d to another o p e ra to r.)
T h ese cla ssifica tio n s do not include sw itchboard o p era to rs in telephone com panies who
a s s is t cu stom ers in placin g ca lls.
S W ITC H B O AR D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
In addition to p erfo rm in g duties o f o p era to r on a sin g le-p o sitio n o r m o n ito r-ty p e sw itch ­
board, acts as re c ep tio n ist and m ay also type o r p e r fo rm routine c le r ic a l w ork as part o f re gu la r
duties.
Th is typing o r c le r ic a l w ork m ay take the m a jo r part o f this w o r k e r 's tim e w hile at
sw itchboard.
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (E le c tr ic A ccounting M achine O pera tor)
O perates one o r a v a rie ty o f m achines such as the tabu lator, ca lcu la tor, c o lla to r, in te r­
p r e te r, s o rte r , reprodu cin g punch, etc. Excluded fro m this definition a re w orkin g s u p erviso rs.
A ls o excluded a re o p era to rs o f ele c tro n ic d ig ita l com pu ters, even though they m ay also opera te
E A M equipment.

C la ss A . P e r fo r m s com plete reportin g and tabulating assignm ents including d evisin g
d ifficu lt control panel w irin g under gen era l su pervision. A ssignm ents ty p ic a lly in volve a
v a r ie ty o f long and com p lex re p o rts which often a re irr e g u la r o r n on recurrin g, requ irin g
som e planning o f the nature and sequencing o f operations, and the use o f a v a rie ty o f m a ­
chines. Is ty p ic a lly in volved in tra in in g new o p era to rs in machine operations o r train ing
lo w e r le v e l op era to rs in w irin g fro m dia gra m s and in the operatin g sequences o f long and
com p lex re p o r ts .
Does not include positions in which w irin g re sp o n sib ility is lim ited to
sele ction and in sertio n o f p r e w ire d boards.
C la ss B . P e r fo r m s w ork accordin g to established procedu res and under s p e cific in ­
stru ctions. A ssign m en ts ty p ic a lly in volve com plete but routine and re c u rrin g reports o r parts
o f la r g e r and m o re com p lex re p o r ts . O perates m o re d ifficu lt tabulating o r e le c tr ic a l a c ­
counting m achines such as the tabulator and ca lcu la tor, in addition to the sim p ler machines
used by cla ss C o p era to rs. M ay be requ ired to do som e w irin g fro m dia gra m s. M ay train
new em p loy ees in basic m achine operations.
C la ss C . Under sp e c ific in stru ction s, o perates sim ple tabulating o r e le c tr ic a l accounting
m achines such as the s o rte r , in te rp r e te r, reproducing punch, c o lla to r, etc. Assignm ents
ty p ic a lly in volve portions o f a w ork unit, fo r exam ple, individual sortin g o r collatin g runs,
o r re p e titiv e o p era tio n s. M ay p e r fo rm sim ple w irin g fro m d ia gra m s, and do some filin g w ork.
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L
P r im a r y duty is to tra n s c rib e dictation in volving a n orm al routine vocabulary from
tra n scrib in g -m a ch in e re c o r d s . M ay also type fro m w ritten copy and do sim ple c le r ic a l w ork.
W ork ers tra n scrib in g dictation in volvin g a v a rie d tech nical o r s p e cia lize d vocabu lary such as
le g a l b r ie fs o r re p orts on sc ie n tific re sea rch a re not included. A w o rk er who takes dictation
in shorthand o r by Stenotype o r s im ila r m achine is c la s s ifie d as a sten ograph er.
T Y P IS T
U ses a ty p e w r ite r to m ake copies o f variou s m a te ria ls or to m ake out bills a fter c a lcu la ­
tions have been m ade by another person . M ay include typing o f sten cils, m ats, o r sim ila r m a te ­
ria ls fo r use in duplicating p r o c e s s e s . M ay do c le r ic a l w ork in volving little special train ing, such
as keeping sim ple re c o r d s , filin g re co rd s and re p o rts , o r sortin g and distribu tin g incom ing m a il.
C la ss A . P e r fo r m s one o r m o re o f the fo llo w in g : Typing m a teria l in final fo rm when
it in volv es com bining m a te ria l fr o m sev e ra l sou rces: o r re s p o n sib ility fo r c o rr e c t spellin g,
syllab ica tio n , punctuation, etc., o f technical o r unusual w ords o r fo re ig n language m a te ­
ria l; o r planning layout and typing o f co m plicated sta tistica l ta bles to m aintain u n iform ity
and balance in spacing. M ay type routine fo rm le tte rs , va ryin g deta ils to suit circu m stan ces.
C la ss B . P e r fo r m s one o r m o re o f the fo llo w in g : Copy typing from rough o r c le a r
d ra fts ; o r routine typing o f fo rm s , insurance p o lic ie s , etc.: o r setting up sim ple standard
tabulations; o r copying m o re com plex tables a lrea d y set up and spaced p ro p e rly .

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — Continued

C O M PU TER O PERATO R
M o n ito rs and op era tes the con trol con sole o f a d ig ita l com puter to p ro ce ss date, accordin g
to o pera tin g in stru ction s, u su ally p rep a red by a p r o g ra m e r . W ork includes m o st o f the fo llo w in g :
Studies in stru ction s to determ in e equipment setup and opera tio n s; loads equipment with requ ired
item s (tape r e e ls , ca rd s, e tc .): sw itches n ec e s s a ry a u x ilia ry equipm ent into c ir c u it, and starts
and o p era tes com pu ter; m akes adjustments to com pu ter to c o r r e c t operatin g prob lem s and m eet
sp e cia l conditions; re v ie w s e r r o r s m ade during operation and d eterm in es cause o r r e fe r s p roblem
to su p e rv is o r o r p ro g ra m e r; and m aintains opera tin g re c o r d s . M ay test and a s s is t in c o rr e c tin g
p ro g ra m .
F o r w age study pu rp oses,

com puter o p era to rs a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s:

C la ss A . O perates independently, o r under only ge n era l d irectio n , a com puter running
p ro g ra m s with m ost o f the fo llow in g c h a ra c te ris tic s :
New p rog ra m s a re freq u en tly tested
and introduced; scheduling requ irem en ts a re o f c r itic a l im portan ce to m in im iz e downtim e;
the p ro g ra m s a re o f com plex design so that id en tifica tion o f e r r o r sou rce often re q u ire s a
w orkin g knowledge o f the total p ro g ra m , and a ltern a te p rog ra m s m ay not be a va ila b le. M ay
giv e d ire c tio n and guidance to lo w e r le v e l o p era to rs.
C lass B . O perates independently, o r under only gen era l d irectio n , a com puter running
p ro g ra m s with m ost o f the fo llo w in g c h a ra c te ris tic s : M ost o f the p rog ra m s a re establish ed
production runs, ty p ic a lly run on a re g u la rly re c u rrin g basis; th ere is little o r no testin g




o f new p ro g ra m s re q u ired ; a ltern a te p ro g ra m s a re provid ed in ca se o rigin a l program needs
m a jo r change o r cannot be c o rr e c te d within a reason able tim e. In comm on e r r o r situa­
tion s, diagn oses cause and takes c o r r e c t iv e action. Th is usually in vo lv es applying p revio u s ly
p rog ra m ed c o r r e c t iv e steps, o r using standard c o rr e c tio n techniques.
OR
O perates under d ir e c t su p ervision a com puter running p rog ra m s o r segm ents o f prog ra m s
with the c h a ra c te ris tic s d es crib e d fo r c la ss A . M ay a ssist a h igh er le v e l o p era to r by in de­
pendently p e rfo rm in g less d ifficu lt tasks a ssigned , and p erfo rm in g d ifficu lt tasks fo llow in g
deta iled in stru ction s and with frequent r e v ie w o f operations p erfo rm e d .
C lass C . W orks on routine p rog ra m s under clo s e su p ervision .
Is expected to d evelop
w orking know ledge o f the com puter equipment used and a b ility to detect p roblem s in volved in
running routine p ro g ra m s . U su ally has re c e iv e d som e fo rm a l tra in in g in com puter operation.
M ay a ssist h igh er le v e l o p era to r on com plex p ro g ra m s.
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M E R , BUSINESS
C on verts statem ents o f business p rob le m s, ty p ic a lly prep a red by a system s analyst, into
a sequence o f d eta iled in stru ction s which a re re q u ired to so lve the problem s by autom atic data
p ro ce ssin g equipment. W orking fro m charts o r d ia gra m s, the p ro g ra m e r develop s the p r e c is e in ­
structions which, when en tered into the com puter system in coded language, cause the manipulation

18
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M E R , BUSINESS— Continued
o f data to a ch ieve d es ire d re su lts . W ork in vo lv es m o st o f the fo llo w in g : A p p lies know ledge o f
com puter ca p a b ilitie s , m a th em a tics, lo g ic em p loyed by com pu ters, and p a rticu la r subject m a tter
in volved to a nalyze charts and dia gra m s o f the p ro b le m to be p rogra m ed ; develop s sequence
o f p ro g ra m steps; w rite s d eta iled flo w charts to show o rd e r in which data w ill be p roce ssed ;
co n verts these ch arts to coded in stru ction s fo r m achine to fo llo w ; tests and c o rr e c ts p ro g ra m s;
p rep a res in stru ction s fo r o pera tin g person n el during production run; an a lyzes, re v ie w s , and a lte rs
p ro g ra m s to in c re a s e opera tin g e ffic ie n c y o r adapt to new requ irem en ts; m aintains re c o rd s o f
p ro g ra m develop m en t and re v is io n s . (N O T E : W o rk ers p e rfo rm in g both system s analysis and p r o ­
gra m in g should be c la s s ifie d as system s analysts i f this is the sk ill used to determ in e th e ir pay.)
Does not include em p loy ees p r im a r ily re sp o n sib le fo r the m anagem ent o r su p ervisio n o f
oth er e le c tro n ic data p ro ce ssin g em p lo y ees, o r p r o g ra m e r s p r im a r ily con cern ed with scie n tific
and/or en gin eerin g p ro b le m s.
F o r w age study pu rp oses, p r o g ra m e r s a re c la s s ifie d as fo llow s:
C lass A . W orks independently o r under only g e n era l d irection on co m p lex p rob le m s which
re q u ire com peten ce in a ll phases o f p ro g ra m in g concepts and p r a c tic e s . W orking fr o m d ia ­
gra m s and ch arts which id en tify the nature o f d e s ire d re su lts , m a jo r p ro c e s s in g steps to be
a ccom plish ed , and the relation sh ips betw een va rio u s steps o f the prob lem so lvin g routine;
plans the fu ll ran ge o f p rog ra m in g actions needed to e ffic ie n tly u tiliz e the com puter system
in a ch ievin g d e s ire d end produ cts.
A t this le v e l, p rog ra m in g is d iffic u lt because com puter equipment m u st be o rga n ized to
produce s e v e ra l in te rre la te d but d iv e rs e products fro m numerous and d iv e rs e data elem en ts.
A w ide v a r ie ty and ex ten sive num ber o f in tern al p ro ce ssin g actions m ust o ccu r. Th is re q u ires
such actions as develop m en t o f com m on operation s which can be reused, establishm ent o f
lin kage points betw een o p era tio n s, adjustm ents to data when p rog ra m requ irem en ts exceed
com pu ter sto ra ge ca pa city, and substantial m anipulation and resequ encing o f data elem en ts
to fo rm a h igh ly in tegra ted p r o g ra m .
M ay p ro vid e functional d ire c tio n to lo w e r le v e l p r o g ra m e r s who a re assigned to a ssist.
C la ss B .~ W orks independently o r under only ge n era l d irection on r e la t iv e ly sim ple
p ro g ra m s , o r on sim p le segm en ts o f co m p le x p ro g ra m s . P r o g ra m s (o r segm en ts) usually
p ro c e s s in fo rm a tio n to produ ce data in two o r th ree v a rie d sequences o r fo rm a ts . R ep orts
and lis tin g s a re produced by re fin in g , adapting, a rra y in g , o r making m in o r additions to o r
d eletion s fr o m input data which a re re a d ily a va ila b le.
W hile num erous re c o r d s m a y be
p ro c e s s e d , the data have been re fin e d in p r io r actions so that the a ccu ra cy and sequencing
o f data can be tested by using a fe w routine checks.
T y p ic a lly , the p ro g ra m deals with
routine re c o rd -k e e p in g type opera tio n s.
OR
W orks on co m p le x p ro g ra m s (as d e s crib e d fo r cla ss A ) under c lo s e d ire c tio n o f a h igh er
le v e l p r o g ra m e r o r su p e rv is o r. M ay a s s is t h igh er le v e l p r o g ra m e r by independently p e r ­
fo rm in g le s s d iffic u lt tasks a ssigned, and p e r fo rm in g m o re d ifficu lt tasks under fa ir ly clo se
d irectio n .
M ay guide o r in stru ct lo w e r le v e l p r o g ra m e r s .
C la ss C . Makes p r a c tic a l applications o f p ro g ra m in g p ra c tic e s and concepts usually
lea rn ed in fo rm a l tra in in g co u rses . A ssign m en ts a re design ed to d ev elop com petence in the
application o f standard proced u res to routine p ro b le m s. R e c e iv e s clo se su p ervisio n on new
aspects o f assignm ents; and w ork is re v ie w e d to v e r ify its accu ra cy and conform ance with
requ ired p roce d u res.
C O M P U T E R S YSTEM S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS
A n a ly ze s business prob lem s to fo rm u la te proced u res fo r solvin g them by use o f elec tro n ic
data p ro c e s s in g equipment. D evelops a com p lete d es crip tio n o f all sp ecifica tion s needed to enable
p r o g ra m e r s to p rep a re re q u ired d ig ita l com puter p ro g ra m s . W ork in volv es m o st of the fo llo w in g :
A n a ly ze s s u b jec t-m a tter o p era tion s to be automated and id en tifies conditions and c r it e r ia re qu ired
to a ch ieve s a tis fa c to ry re su lts : s p e c ifie s number and types o f re c o r d s , file s , and documents to
be used; outlin es actions to be p e rfo rm e d by personn el and com puters in su fficien t d eta il fo r
presen tation to m anagem ent and fo r p rog ra m in g (ty p ic a lly this in volves p rep a ra tion o f w ork and
data flo w ch a rts); coordin ates the developm en t o f te s t prob lem s and p a rticip ates in tr ia l runs o f
new and re v is e d sy stem s; and recom m en ds equipment changes to obtain m o re e ffe c tiv e o v e r a ll
opera tio n s. (N O T E : W ork ers p erfo rm in g both system s analysis and p rog ra m in g should be c la s ­
sifie d as system s analysts i f this is the s k ill used to determ in e th e ir pay.)
Does not include em p loy ees p r im a r ily resp o n sib le fo r the m anagem ent o r su p ervision
o f oth er e le c tro n ic data p ro ce ssin g em p lo y ees, o r system s analysts p r im a r ily concern ed with
sc ie n tific o r en gin eerin g p rob le m s.
F o r w age study pu rposes,

system s analysts a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s:

C la ss A .
W orks independently o r under only gen era l d irection on com plex problem s inv o lvin g a ll phases o f system s a n a lysis. P ro b le m s a re com p lex because o f d iv e rs e sou rces o f
input data and m u ltip le-u se requ irem en ts o f output data. (F o r exam ple, develop s an in tegrated
production scheduling, in ven to ry co n trol, co st a n a ly sis, and sales analysis r e c o r d in which




C O M P U T E R S YSTEM S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS— Continued
e v e ry item o f each type is a u tom a tica lly p r o ce ssed through the fu ll system o f re c o rd s and
a ppropria te follow u p actions a re in itiated by the com puter.) C o n fers with persons con cern ed to
determ in e the data p ro ce ssin g problem s and advises s u b jec t-m a tter personn el on the im p lic a ­
tions o f new o r re v is e d system s o f data p ro ce ssin g o p era tio n s. M akes recom m en dation s, i f
needed, fo r approval o f m a jo r system s in stallation s o r changes and fo r obtaining equipment.
M ay p rovid e functional d irectio n to lo w e r
a ssist.

le v e l system s analysts who a re assign ed to

C la ss B . W orks independently o r under only ge n era l d ire c tio n on p roblem s that a re
r e la t iv e ly uncom plicated to a nalyze, plan, p ro g ra m , and o p era te. P ro b le m s a re o f lim ite d
co m p le xity because sou rces o f input data a re hom ogeneous and the output data a re c lo s e ly
re la ted .
(F o r exa m ple, d evelop s system s fo r m aintaining d ep osito r accounts in a bank,
m aintaining accounts re c e iv a b le in a re ta il establish m ent, o r m aintaining in ven tory accounts
in a m anufacturing o r w h o lesa le establish m ent.) C on fers with persons concern ed to d eterm in e
the data p ro ce ssin g problem s and advises su b jec t-m a tter personn el on the im p lica tion s o f the
data p ro ce ssin g system s to be applied.
OR
W orks on a segm ent o f a co m p lex data p ro ce ssin g schem e o r system , as d es crib e d fo r
cla ss A . W orks independently on routine assignm ents and r e c e iv e s in stru ction and guidance
on com p lex assignm ents. W ork is re v ie w e d fo r a ccu ra cy o f judgm ent, com plian ce with in ­
stru ctions, and to in su re p rop e r alinem en t with the o v e r a ll system .
C la ss C . W orks under im m ed ia te su p ervisio n , c a rr y in g out analyses as assigned, usually
o f a sin gle a ctiv ity . A ssign m en ts a re design ed to d ev elop and expand p ra c tic a l ex p erien c e
in the application o f proced u res and sk ills re q u ired fo r system s a n alysis w ork. F o r exa m ple,
m ay a s s is t a h igh er le v e l system s analyst by p rep a rin g the d eta iled specifica tion s re q u ired
by p r o g ra m e r s fro m in form a tion d evelop ed by the h igh er le v e l analyst.
D RAFTSM AN
C la ss A . Plan s the graphic p resen tation o f com p lex item s having d istin ctive design
fea tu res that d iffe r sig n ific a n tly fro m esta blish ed d raftin g p reced en ts. W orks in c lo s e sup­
p o rt with the design o rig in a to r , and m a y recom m en d m in o r design changes. A n a ly ze s the
e ffe c t o f each change on the deta ils o f fo rm , function, and po sition a l relationships o f c o m ­
ponents and p a rts .
W orks with a m inim um o f su p e rv is o ry a ssista n ce. C om pleted w ork is
re v ie w e d by design o rig in a to r fo r co n sisten cy with p r io r en gin eerin g d eterm in a tion s. M ay
eith er p rep a re draw in gs, o r d ir e c t th e ir p repa ra tion by lo w e r le v e l draftsm en.
C la ss B . P e r fo r m s nonroutine and com p lex draftin g assignm ents that re q u ire the a p p li­
cation o f m o st o f the standardized draw in g techniques re g u la rly used. Duties ty p ic a lly in ­
vo lv e such w ork as: P r e p a re s w orkin g draw in gs of su bassem blies with ir r e g u la r shapes,
m u ltip le functions, and p r e c is e position al relation sh ips betw een com ponents: p rep a res a r c h i­
tectu ra l draw in gs fo r constru ction o f a building including d eta il draw in gs o f foundations, w all
sectio n s, flo o r plans, and ro o f. Uses accepted form u las and manuals in making n ecess a ry
com putations to determ in e quantities o f m a te r ia ls to be used, load ca p a cities, strength s,
s tre s s e s , etc.
R e c e iv e s in itia l in stru ction s, requ irem en ts, and advice fro m s u p erviso r.
C om pleted w ork is checked fo r tech nical adequacy.
C lass C . P r e p a re s d etail draw ings o f sin gle units o r parts fo r en gin eerin g, construction,
m anufacturing, o r re p a ir pu rp oses. Typ es o f draw in gs p rep a red include is o m e tr ic p rojectio n s
(dep ictin g th ree dim ensions in accu rate s c a le ) and section al view s to c la r ify position in g o f
components and con vey needed in form a tion . C on solid ates deta ils fro m a number o f sou rces
and adjusts o r tra n sp o ses sca le as re q u ired . Suggested m ethods o f approach, applicable
p reced en ts, and advice on sou rce m a te r ia ls a re given with in itia l assignm ents. Instructions
a re le s s com plete when assignm ents re cu r.
W ork m a y be spot-ch ecked during p r o g re s s .
D R A F T S M A N -T R A C E R
C opies plans and draw ings p rep a red by oth ers by p lacin g tra c in g cloth or paper o v e r
draw in gs and tra cin g with pen o r p en cil.
(D oes not include tra cin g lim ited to plans p r im a r ily
con sistin g o f stra igh t lin es and a la rg e sca le not re q u irin g clo s e delin ea tion .)
AND/OR
P r e p a re s sim ple o r re p e titiv e draw in gs o f e a s ily visu a liz e d item s .
during p r o g re s s .

W ork is c lo s e ly su p ervised

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N
W orks on va rio u s types o f ele c tro n ic equipm ent o r system s by p erfo rm in g one o r m o re
o f the fo llow in g o pera tion s: M o d ifyin g, in sta llin g, re p a irin g , and o verh au ling. T h ese operations
re q u ire the p erfo rm a n ce o f m o st o r a ll o f the fo llo w in g tasks: A ssem b lin g, testin g, adjusting,
ca lib ra tin g, tuning, and alinin g.
W ork is n on rep etitive and re q u ire s a knowledge o f the th e ory and p ra c tic e o f elec tro n ics
pertain in g to the use o f gen era l and sp e cia lize d e le c tro n ic test equipment; trou ble an alysis: and
the operation , relatio n sh ip , and alinem ent o f e le c tro n ic sy stem s, su bsystem s, and c ircu its having
a v a rie ty o f component p a rts.

19
E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — Continued

NU RSE, IN D U S T R IA L (R e g is te re d )

E le c tr o n ic equipment o r system s w orked on ty p ic a lly include one o r m o re of the fo llo w in g :
Ground, v e h ic le , o r a irb o rn e radio com m unications sy stem s, r e la y sy stem s, navigation aids;
a irb o rn e o r ground ra d a r system s; ra dio and te le v is io n tra n sm ittin g o r re cord in g sy stem s; e le c ­
tro n ic com pu ters; m is s ile and sp a ce cra ft guidance and co n trol system s; in du strial and m e d ica l
m easu rin g, in dicating and co n trollin g d ev ices; etc.

A re g is te r e d nurse who g iv es nursing s e r v ic e under g e n era l m e d ica l direction to i l l o r
in jured em p loy ees o r other persons who becom e i l l o r su ffer an accident on the p rem ise s of a
fa c to ry o r oth er establish m ent. Duties in vo lv e a com bination o f the fo llo w in g : G iving fir s t aid
to the i l l o r in jured; attending to subsequent d ressin g o f em p lo y ees' in ju ries; keeping re cord s
o f patients trea ted ; prep a rin g accident re p orts fo r com pensation o r oth er purposes; assistin g in
ph ysical exam inations and health evaluations o f applicants and em p loy ees; and planning and c a r r y ­
ing out p ro g ra m s in volvin g health education, accident preven tion , evaluation o f plant environm ent,
o r other a c tiv itie s a ffec tin g the health, w e lfa r e , and sa fety o f a ll personn el. Nu rsing su p erviso rs
o r head nurses in establish m ents em ploying m o re than one nurse a re excluded.

(E xclu de production a ssem b lers and t e s te r s , cra fts m en , draftsm en , d e s ign ers, en gin eers,
and re p a irm e n o f such standard ele c tro n ic equipment as o ffic e m achines, ra dio and te le v is io n
re c e iv in g s e ts .)

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r fo r m s the ca rp en try duties n ece s s a ry to constru ct and m aintain in good re p a ir bu ild­
ing w oodw ork and equipment such as bins, c r ib s , cou nters, benches, pa rtitio n s, d o o rs, flo o r s ,
s ta irs , casin gs, and t r im m ade o f wood in an establish m ent. W ork in volv es m ost o f the fo llo w in g :
Planning and layin g out o f w ork fr o m blu eprin ts, d raw in gs, m o d els , o r v e rb a l in stru ction s; using a
v a r ie ty o f c a rp e n te r's handtools, p orta ble pow er to o ls , and standard m easu ring in stru m en ts; m a k­
ing standard shop computations relatin g to dim ensions o f w ork; and selectin g m a te r ia ls n ec e s s a ry
fo r the w ork. In g e n era l, the w ork o f the maintenance ca rp en ter re q u ires rounded tra in in g and
ex p erien ce usually acqu ired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship o r equivalent tra in in g and ex p erien c e.

P rod u ce s rep la cem en t parts and new parts in m aking re p a irs o f m eta l parts o f m echan ical
equipment operated in an establish m ent. W ork in volv es m ost o f the fo llo w in g : In terp retin g w ritten
in stru ction s and sp e cifica tio n s; planning and layin g out o f w ork; using a v a rie ty o f m ach in ist's
handtools and p recisio n m easu rin g in stru m en ts; setting up and o peratin g standard m achine tools;
shaping o f m e ta l parts to clo s e to le ra n c es; making standard shop computations relatin g to dim en ­
sions o f w ork , too lin g, fee d s, and speeds of m achining; know ledge o f the w orkin g p ro p e rties of
the com m on m e ta ls; s ele ctin g standard m a te r ia ls , pa rts, and equipment re qu ired fo r his w ork;
and fittin g and a ssem blin g parts into m ech a n ica l equipment. In ge n era l, the m a ch in ist's w ork
n o rm a lly re q u ires a rounded tra in in g in m ach in e-sh op p ra c tic e usually acqu ired through a fo rm a l
apprenticeship o r equ ivalent tra in in g and ex p erien c e.

E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r fo r m s a v a rie ty o f e le c tr ic a l tra d e functions such as the in stallation , m aintenance, or
re p a ir o f equipment fo r the generation , distribu tion , o r u tiliza tio n o f e le c tr ic en erg y in an esta b ­
lish m en t. W ork in volv es m ost o f the fo llo w in g : In sta llin g o r re p a irin g any o f a v a r ie ty o f e le c ­
tr ic a l equipment such as g e n era to rs , t ra n s fo rm e rs , sw itch boards, c o n tr o lle r s , circ u it b r e a k e r s ,
m o to rs, heating units, conduit sy stem s, o r other tra n sm ission equipment; w orkin g fr o m blu e­
prin ts, draw in gs, layouts, o r other sp ecifica tion s; locatin g and diagnosing trou ble in the e le c tr ic a l
sy stem o r equipment; w orkin g standard computations relatin g to load requ irem en ts o f w irin g o r
e le c tr ic a l equipm ent; and using a v a r ie ty o f e le c tr ic ia n 's handtools and m easu rin g and testin g
in stru m en ts. In ge n era l, the w ork o f the m aintenance e le c tr ic ia n re q u ires rounded tra in in g and
ex p erien c e usually acqu ired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship o r equ ivalent tra in in g and ex p erien c e.
E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O perates and m aintains and m ay also su p ervise the operation of sta tion a ry engines and
equipment (m echan ical o r e le c tr ic a l) to supply the establishm ent in which em ployed with p o w er,
heat, re fr ig e r a tio n , o r a ir-co n d ition in g . W ork in v o lv e s : O perating and m aintaining equipment
such as steam en gin es, a ir c o m p r e s s o rs , g e n e ra to rs , m o to r s , tu rbin es, ven tilatin g and r e f r i g ­
eratin g equipm ent, steam b o ile rs and b o ile r - fe d w a te r pumps; m aking equipment re p a irs ; and
keeping a re c o rd o f operation o f m a ch in ery, tem p era tu re, and fu el consumption. M ay also su­
p e r v is e these o pera tion s. Head o r ch ief en gin eers in establish m ents em ploying m o re than one
en gin eer a re exclu ded.
F IR E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R
F ir e s station ary b o ile rs to furnish the establish m ent in which em ployed with heat, pow er,
o r steam . F eed s fu els to fi r e by hand o r o p era tes a m ech a n ica l sto k er, gas, o r o il bu rn er; and
checks w a te r and sa fety v a lv e s . M ay clean , o il, o r a s s is t in re p a irin g b o ile rr o o m equipment.
H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E TR A D E S
A s s is ts one o r m o re w o rk e rs in the s k ille d m aintenance tra d es , by p e rfo rm in g s p e c ific
o r g e n era l duties o f le s s e r s k ill, such as keeping a w o rk e r supplied with m a te ria ls and to o ls;
cleaning w orkin g a rea , m achine, and equipm ent; a ssistin g journeym an by h olding m a te r ia ls o r
to o ls; and p e rfo rm in g other u nskilled tasks as d ire c te d by journeym an . Th e kind o f w ork the
h elp er is p erm itted to p e r fo rm v a rie s fr o m tra d e to tra d e: In som e trades the h elp er is confined
to supplying, liftin g , and holding m a te ria ls and to o ls , and cleaning w orkin g a rea s; and in others
he is p erm itted to p e r fo rm s p e c ia lize d m achine o p era tio n s, o r parts of a tra d e that a re also
p e r fo rm e d by w o rk e rs on a fu ll-tim e ba sis.
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , TO O L R O O M
S p e c ia liz e s in the operation o f one o r m o re types o f m achine to o ls, such as jig b o re r s ,
c y lin d r ic a l o r su rface g r in d e rs , engine la th es, o r m illin g m ach in es, in the constru ction o f
m ach in e-sh op to o ls , ga g es, jig s , fix tu re s , o r d ies. W ork in vo lv es m ost of the fo llo w in g : Planning
and p e rfo rm in g d ifficu lt m achining o peration s; p ro ce ssin g item s requ irin g com p licated setups or
a high d e g re e o f a ccu racy; using a v a r ie ty o f p re c is io n m easu rin g instrum ents; s ele ctin g fee d s,
speeds, to o lin g , and operation sequence; and m aking n e c e s s a ry adjustm ents darin g operation
to ach ieve re q u isite to le ra n c es o r dim ension s. M ay be re q u ired to re c o g n iz e when too ls need
d re s s in g , to d ress to o ls , and to s ele ct p ro p e r coolants and cutting and lu b ricatin g o ils . F o r
cro s s -in d u s try w age study pu rposes, m a ch in e-to o l o p era to rs, to o lro o m , in to o l and die jobbing
shops a re excluded fr o m this cla s s ific a tio n .




M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M aintenance)
R ep a irs au tom obiles, buses, m o tortru ck s, and tra c to rs o f an establishm ent. W ork in ­
v o lv e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Exam ining au tom otive equipment to diagnose sou rce o f trou ble; d is ­
a ssem blin g equipment and p e rfo rm in g re p a irs that in vo lv e the use o f such handtools as w ren ch es,
ga g es, d r ills , o r s p e c ia lize d equipment in disa ssem b lin g o r fittin g p a rts; replacing broken or
d e fe c tiv e parts fr o m stock; grind ing and adjusting v a lv e s ; re as sem b lin g and in stallin g the variou s
a ssem b lies in the v e h ic le and m aking n e c e s s a r y adjustm ents; and alining w h e els, adjusting brakes
and ligh ts, o r tightening body bolts. In g e n era l, the w ork o f the autom otive m echanic re q u ires
rounded tra in in g and ex p erien c e usually acqu ired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship o r equivalent
tra in in g and e x p erien c e.
Th is cla s s ific a tio n does not include m echan ics who re p a ir cu sto m ers' veh icles in auto­
m o b ile re p a ir shops.
M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R ep a irs m a ch in ery o r m ech an ical equipment o f an establishm ent. W ork in volves m ost
o f the fo llo w in g : Exam ining m achines and m ech an ical equipment to diagnose sou rce of trou ble;
dism antling o r p a rtly dism antlin g m achines and p e rfo rm in g re p a irs that m a in ly in volve the use
o f handtools in scra p in g and fittin g pa rts; rep la cin g broken o r d e fe c tiv e parts with item s obtained
fr o m stock; o rd erin g the production o f a replacem en t pa rt by a m achine shop o r sending o f the
m achine to a m achine shop fo r m a jo r re p a irs ; p rep a rin g w ritten sp e cifica tion s fo r m a jo r re p a irs
o r fo r the production o f parts o rd ered fr o m m achine shop; reassem b lin g m achines; and making
a ll n e c e s s a r y adjustm ents fo r operation. In g e n era l, the w ork o f a m aintenance m echanic re q u ires
rounded tra in in g and e x p erien c e usually acqu ired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship or equivalent
train in g and ex p erien c e. Excluded fr o m this cla s s ific a tio n a re w o rk e rs whose p rim a ry duties
in volve setting up o r adjusting m achines.
M IL L W R IG H T
In sta lls new m achines o r h eavy equipm ent, and dism antles and in sta lls machines o r heavy
equipment when changes in the plant layout a re requ ired . W ork in volv es, m o st o f the fo llo w in g :
Planning and la yin g out o f the w ork; in te rp retin g blueprints o r other sp e cifica tion s; using a v a rie ty
o f handtools and rig g in g ; making standard shop computations re la tin g to s tre s s e s , strength o f
m a te r ia ls , and cen ters o f g r a v ity ; alining and balancing o f equipment; s ele ctin g standard to o ls ,
equipm ent, and parts to be used; and in sta llin g and (maintaining in good o rd e r p ow er tra n sm ission
equipment such as d r iv e s and speed re d u cers . In ge n era l, the m illw r ig h t's w ork n o rm a lly re q u ires
a rounded tra in in g and ex p erien c e in the trade acqu ired through a fo r m a l apprenticeship or
equ ivalent tra in in g and e x p erien c e.
P A IN T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
Pain ts and re d eco ra tes w a lls , w oodw ork, and fix tu res o f an establish m ent. W ork in volves
the fo llo w in g : K n ow ledge o f su rface p e c u lia ritie s and types o f paint re q u ired fo r d ifferen t a p p lica ­
tion s; p repa rin g su rface fo r painting by rem o vin g old fin ish o r by placin g putty o r f ille r in n ail

20
P A IN T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E — Continued-

S H E E T - M E T A L W O RKER, M A IN T E N A N C E — Continued

holes and in te rs tic e s ; and applying paint with spra y gun o r brush. M ay m ix c o lo r s , o ils , white
lead, and oth er paint in gred ien ts to obtain p ro p e r c o lo r o r co n sisten cy. In ge n era l, the w ork o f the
m aintenance pain ter re q u ires rounded tra in in g and e x p erien c e u su ally a cq u ired through a fo rm a l
a pprenticeship o r equ ivalen t tra in in g and ex p erien c e.

types o f s h eet-m e ta l m aintenance w ork fro m blu eprints, m o d e ls , o r oth er sp ecifica tion s; setting
up and operatin g a ll a va ila b le types o f sh eet-m e ta l w orkin g m achines; using a v a r ie ty o f handtools
in cutting, bending, fo rm in g , shaping, fittin g , and assem blin g; and in sta llin g sh eet-m eta l a rtic le s
as re q u ired . In g e n era l, the w ork o f the m aintenance sh e e t-m e ta l w o rk e r re q u ires rounded
tra in in g and e x p erien c e usually a cq u ired through a fo r m a l a ppren ticesh ip o r equ ivalent tra in in g
and e x p erien c e.

P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
In sta lls o r re p a irs w a te r, stea m , gas, o r oth er types o f pipe and pip efittin gs in an
establish m ent. W ork in vo lv es m o st o f the fo llo w in g : L a yin g out o f w ork and m easu rin g to locate
position o f pipe fr o m draw in gs o r oth er w ritten sp e cifica tio n s; cutting va rio u s s iz e s o f pipe to
c o r r e c t lengths with c h isel and h am m er o r o xy acetylen e torch o r pipe-cu ttin g m ach in es; threading
pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by h an d-driven o r p o w e r-d riv e n m ach in es; a ssem blin g
pipe with couplings and fasten ing pipe to h an gers; m aking standard shop com putations re la tin g to
p r e s s u re s , flo w , and s iz e o f pipe requ ired ; and m aking standard tests to d eterm in e w hether fin ­
ished pipes m e et s p e cifica tio n s.
In g e n e ra l, the w ork o f the maintenance p ip e fitte r re q u ires
rounded tra in in g and e x p erien c e u su ally a cq u ired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship o r equ ivalent
tra in in g and ex p erien c e. W ork ers p r im a r ily engaged in in sta llin g and re p a irin g building sanitation
o r heating system s a re exclu d ed .
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
F a b ric a te s , in s ta lls , and m aintains in good re p a ir the sh eet-m e ta l equipm ent and fix tu res
(such as m achine guards, g r e a s e pans, sh elves , lo c k e r s , tanks, v e n tila to rs , chutes, ducts, m eta l
ro o fin g ) o f an establish m ent. W ork in vo lv es m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and la yin g out a ll

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
Constructs and re p a irs m ach in e-sh op to o ls , g a g es, jig s , fix tu res o r dies fo r fo rg in g s ,
punching, and oth er m e ta l-fo rm in g w ork.
W ork in vo lv es m o st o f the fo llo w in g ; Planning and
layin g out o f w ork fr o m m o d els , blu eprints, draw in gs, o r oth er o ra l and w ritten sp ecifica tion s;
using a v a r ie ty o f too l and die m a k e r's handtools and p r e c is io n m easu rin g instrum ents; under­
standing o f the w orkin g p ro p e rtie s o f com m on m e ta ls and a llo y s ; settin g up and operatin g o f
m achine too ls and re la te d equipment; m aking n e c e s s a ry shop com putations relatin g to dim ensions
o f w ork, speeds, fee d s, and toolin g o f m ach in es; h ea t-trea tin g o f m e ta l parts during fa b rica tio n
as w e ll as o f fin ish ed too ls and dies to a ch ieve re q u ire d q u a lities ; w orkin g to clo s e tole ra n c es;
fittin g and assem b lin g o f parts to p r e s c r ib e d to le ra n c es and a llow an ces: and s ele ctin g a ppropriate
m a te r ia ls , to o ls , and p ro c e s s e s . In g e n era l, the too l and die m a k e r's w ork requ ires a rounded
tra in in g in m ach in e-sh op and too lro o m p ra c tic e u su ally acq u ired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship
o r equ ivalen t tra in in g and e x p erien c e.
F o r c ro s s -in d u s tr y w age study pu rp oses, too l and die m a kers in to o l
shops a re exclu ded fr o m this c la s s ific a tio n .

and die jobbing

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
GU ARD A N D W A T C H M A N
G u ard. P e r fo r m s routine p o lic e duties, e ith er at fix ed post o r on tou r, m aintaining o rd e r ,
using a rm s o r fo r c e w h ere n e c e s s a ry . Includes gatem en who a re stationed at gate and check
on id en tity o f em p lo y ees and oth er person s en te rin g .
W atchm an. M akes rounds o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p rotectin g p ro p e rty against fir e ,
theft, and ille g a l en try.
J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R

S H IP P IN G AND R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
P r e p a re s m erch a n dise fo r shipm ent, o r re c e iv e s and is resp o n sib le fo r incom ing ship­
m ents o f m erch a n d ise o r oth er m a te r ia ls . Shipping w ork in v o lv e s : A know ledge o f shipping p r o ­
ced u res, p ra c tic e s , rou tes, a va ila b le m eans o f tra n sp o rta tio n , and ra tes; and prep a rin g re co rd s
o f the goods shipped, m aking up b ills o f lading, posting w eight and shipping ch a rges, and keeping
a file o f shipping r e c o r d s .
M ay d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p rep a rin g the m erch andise fo r shipment.
R e c e iv in g w ork in v o lv e s : V e r ify in g o r d ire c tin g oth ers in v e r ify in g the c o rr e c tn e s s o f shipments
again st b ills o f ladin g, in v o ic e s , o r oth er re c o r d s ; checking fo r sh ortages and re je c tin g dam ­
aged goods; routing m erch a n d ise o r m a te r ia ls to p rop e r departm ents; and m aintaining n e c e s s a ry
re c o rd s and file s .

Clqans and keeps in an o r d e r ly condition fa c to ry w orkin g a rea s and w a sh room s, o r
p r e m is e s o f an o ffic e , apartm ent house, o r c o m m e rc ia l o r oth er establish m ent. Duties in volve
a com bination o f the fo llo w in g ; Sweeping, m opping o r scrubbing, and polish in g flo o r s ; re m o vin g
ch ips, tra sh , and oth er re fu se; dusting equipm ent, fu rn itu re, o r fix tu res; polish in g m e ta l f i x ­
tu res o r trim m in g s; p rovid in g supplies and m in o r m aintenance s e r v ic e s ; and clean ing la v a to r ie s ,
sh ow ers, and re s tro o m s . W ork ers who s p e c ia liz e in w indow washing a re ex clu ded.

F o r w age study p u rp oses, w o rk e rs a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :
R e c e iv in g c le r k
Shipping c le r k
Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k
T R U C K D R IV E R

L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L H A N D L IN G
A w o r k e r em p loyed in a w areh ou se, m anufacturing plant, sto re, o r oth er establish m ent
whose duties in volv e one o r m o re o f the fo llo w in g : Loading and unloading va rio u s m a te r ia ls and
m erch a n d ise on o r fr o m fr e ig h t c a rs , tru cks, o r oth er tra n sp o rtin g d ev ices; unpacking, sh elvin g,
o r placin g m a te r ia ls o r m erch a n d ise in p ro p e r sto ra ge location ; and tra n sp o rtin g m a te ria ls o r
m erch a n dise by handtruck, c a r, o r w h e elb a rrow . L on gsh orem en , who load and unload ships a re
exclu ded.
ORD ER F I L L E R
F ills shipping o r tra n s fe r o rd e r s fo r fin ish ed goods fr o m stored m erch a n d ise in a c c o rd ­
ance with sp e cifica tion s on sales slip s , c u sto m ers' o r d e r s , o r oth er in stru ction s. M ay, in addition
to fillin g o rd e rs and in dicating item s fille d o r o m itted, keep re c o rd s o f outgoing o rd e r s , re q u i­
sition additional stock o r re p o rt short supplies to s u p e rv is o r, and p e rfo rm o th er re la ted duties.

D riv e s a tru ck w ithin a c ity o r in d u stria l a rea to tra n sp o rt m a te r ia ls , m erch a n dise,
equipm ent, o r m en betw een va rio u s types o f establish m ents such as: M anufacturing plants, fre ig h t
depots, w areh ou ses, w h o lesa le and re ta il establish m en ts, o r betw een re ta il establishm ents and
c u sto m ers' houses o r p la ces o f business. M ay also load o r unload tru ck with o r without h elp ers,
m ake m in o r m ech a n ica l re p a irs , and keep tru ck in good w orkin g o rd e r .
D riv e r-s a le s m e n and
o v e r - th e - r o a d d r iv e r s a re exclu d ed .

fo llo w s :

F o r w age study pu rp oses, tru c k d riv e r s a re c la s s ifie d by s iz e and type o f equipment
( T r a c t o r - t r a ile r should be ra ted on the basis o f t r a ile r ca p a city.)
T r u c k d riv e r
T r u c k d riv e r,
T r u c k d riv e r,
T r u c k d riv e r,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,

as

(com bin ation o f s iz e s lis te d sep a ra te ly)
ligh t (under IV 2 tons)
m ediu m ( 1 V2 to and including 4 tons)
h eavy (o v e r 4 tons, t r a ile r type)
h eavy (o v e r 4 tons, oth er than t r a ile r type)

P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G
T R U C K E R , PO W E R
P r e p a r e s fin ish ed produ cts fo r shipment o r sto ra ge by placin g them in shipping con ­
ta in e r s , the s p e c ific operations p e r fo rm e d being dependent upon the type, s iz e , and number
o f units to be packed, the type o f contain er em ployed, and m ethod o f shipm ent. W ork re q u ires
the p lacin g o f item s in shipping contain ers and m a y in vo lv e one o r m o re o f the fo llo w in g :
Know ledge o f variou s item s o f stock in o rd e r to v e r ify content; sele ction o f a ppropria te type
and s iz e o f contain er; in sertin g en clo su res in con tain er; using e x c e ls io r o r oth er m a te r ia l to
p reven t breakage o r dam age; clo s in g and sealin g contain er; and applying la b els o r en terin g
iden tifyin g data on con tain er.
P a ck e rs who a lso m ake wooden boxes o r c ra tes a re excluded.




O perates a m an u ally c o n tro lled gasolin e- o r e le c tr ic -p o w e re d tru ck o r tra c to r to tra n sp o rt
goods and m a te r ia ls o f a ll kinds about a w areh ou se, m anufacturing plant, o r oth er establishm ent.
F o r w age study pu rp oses, w o rk e rs a re c la s s ifie d by type o f tru ck,

as fo llo w s:

T r u c k e r, p o w er (fo r k lift)
T r u c k e r, p o w er (o th er than fo r k lift)
fr-U. S. OO W i t H M I N T P R IN T IN G O FFICKi I » 7 1 — 7 « • - 1 »0 / » •

A re a W a g e S urveys
A lis t o f the la te s t a v a ila b le b u lletin s is p re s e n te d b elow . A d ir e c to r y o f a re a w age studies including m o re lim ite d studies conducted at the
req u e st o f the E m p loym en t Standards A d m in is tra tio n o f the D ep artm ent o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on req u est. B u lletin s m ay be purchased fro m any o f the B LS
r e g io n a l s a le s o ffic e s shown on the back c o v e r , o r fro m the Superintendent o f D ocum ents, U.S. G overn m en t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington, D .C ., 20402.
A rea
A k ro n , O hio, D ec. 1972---------------------------------------------A lb a n y — ch en ectady— r o y , N .Y ., M a r. 1973 1 ------------S
T
A lb u qu erqu e, N. M e x ., M a r. 1973------------------------------A lle n to w n — eth leh em — aston , P a .—N .J ., M ay 1973____
B
E
A tla n ta , G a ., M ay 1973____ i _______________________________
_
A u stin , T e x ., D ec. 1972 1------------------------------------------B a ltim o r e , M d ., Aug. 1972 1______________________________
Beaum ont— o r t Arthux—O ran ge, T e x ., M a y 1973 1 -----P
B ingham ton, N .Y ., July 1972.
B irm in g h a m , A la ., M a r. 1973
B o is e C ity , Idaho, N ov. 1972 1___
B oston , M a s s ., Aug. 1972 1______
B u ffa lo , N .Y ., O ct. 1972 1________
B u rlin gton , V t., D ec. 1972 1______
Canton, O hio, M a y 1973____ r______________
C h a rleston , W. V a ., M a r. 1973____ ______
C h a rlo tte, N .C ., Jan. 1973-------------------C hattanooga, Tenn.— a ., Sept. 1972 1---G
C h icago, 111., M ay 1973----- --------------------C incinnati, Ohio— y.—In d ., Feb. 1973---K
C levela n d , Ohio, Sept. 1972 1---------------C olum bus, O hio, O ct. 1972 1_______ — ---D a lla s , T e x ., O ct. 1972 1---------------------D aven p ort— ock Island— o lin e, Iowar-Ill., F eb . 1973---R
M
Dayton, O hio, D ec. 1972----- ------------------— ----------------D e n v e r, C o lo ., D ec. 1972----------D es M o in e s , Io w a, M a y 1973____
D e tr o it, M ic h ., M a r. 19731 -----D urham , N .C ., A p r. 1973.
F o r t L a u d erd a le— olly w o od and W est P a lm
H
B each , F la ., A p r . 1973______________________
F o r t W orth , T e x ., Oct. 1972 1------G ree n B ay, W is ., July 1972 1------------------------G r e e n v ille , S .C ., M a y 1973 1 ------------------------Houston, T e x ., A p r. 1973----- ------------------------H u n ts ville , A la ., F eb . 1973--------------------------In dianapolis, Ind., O ct. 1972 1-----------------------Jackson, M is s ., Jan. 1973— ---- --------- ---- ------J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., D ec. 1972--------------- ----- —
K ansas C ity, M o .-K a n s ., Sept. 1972--------------L a w re n c e — a v e rh ill, M ass.— .H ., June 1972 1
H
N
L exin gton , K y . , N ov. 1972 1
L ittle R o c k -N o rth L ittle R ock, A r k ., July 1972 1—
L os A n g e le s —Long B each and Anaheim —
Santa A n a G ard en G r o v e , C a lif., Oct. 1972/1---------------- ——
L o u is v ille , K y.—In d ., N ov. 1972— ---------—--------- -------Lu bbock, T e x . , M a r. 1973— —,
—
— — -------—
M a n c h es te r, N .H ., July 1972 1----------------------M em p h is, Tenn.— r k . , 'N ov. 1972------------------A
M ia m i, F la . , N ov. 1972 1________________________
M id lan d and O d essa , T e x ., Jan. 1973--------- —
1

B u lletin number
and p r ic e
1775-36,
1775-62,
1775-52,
1775-90,
1775-79,
1775-42,
1775-20,
1775-82,
1775-5,
1775-65,
1775-32,
1775-13,
1775-18,
1775-28,
1775-73,
1775-74,
1775-39,
1775-14,
1775-88,
1775-53,
1775-15,
1775-23,
1775-25,
1775-57,
1775-34,
1775-35,
1775-72,
1775-89,
1775-61,

40
55
40
50
40
40
75
40
45
55
50
75
65
50
40
40
40
55
50
50
75
55
75
40
40
40
40
80
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1775-64,
1775-24,
1775-1,
1775-86,
1775-71,
1775-48,
1775-27,
1775-44,
1775-31,
1775-17,
1725-81,
1775-22,
1775-2,

40
50
55
40
50
40
55
40
40
50
35
50
55

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1775-38,
1775-37,
1775-55,
1775-8,
1775-30,
1775-29,
1775-41,

75
40
40
55
40
55
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A rea
M ilw a u k e e , W is ., M ay 1973_________________________
M inn eapolis—
St. P a u l, M in n ., Jan. 1973-------- ----M uskegon— uskegon H eigh ts, M ic h ., June 1972 1
M
N ew a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N .J ., Jan. 1973----------N ew H aven, C onn., J an. 1973------------ ---— _______
N ew O rlea n s , L a ., Jan. 1973,
N ew Y o r k , N .Y ., A p r. 1972 1
_______________
N o rfo lk r-V irg in ia B each— o rts m o u th and
P
N ew p o rt N ew s—
Ham pton, V a ., Jan. 1973
Oklahom a C ity , O k la ., July 1972_____________
Om aha, N eb r.—Iow a, Sept. 1972-----------------P a te r s o n — lifto n -P a s s a ic , N .J ., June 1972 1
C
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .— .J ., N ov. 1972--------------N
P h o en ix , A r i z . , June 1972
P itts b u rg h , P a . , J an. 1973 1 ------- -------- ----------------------P o rtla n d , M a in e, N ov. 1972----- ---------------------------------P o r tla n d , O re g .—W ash., M ay 1973---------------- -------------P ou gh k eep sie—K in gston — ew bu rgh, N .Y .,
N
June 1973----- ----- ------ ------- ----------------------- ---------------P ro v id e n ce r-W a rw ic k -P a w tu c k e t, R .I.—M a s s .,
M ay 1973_________________________________________________
R a le ig h , N .C ., Aug. 1972------------------------------------ —
R ichm ond, V a . , M a r. 1973______________________________
R iv e r s id e —
San B ern a rd in o— n ta rio , C a lif.,
O
R o c h e s te r, N .Y . (o ffic e occupations on ly), July 1972.
R o c k fo rd , 111., June 1973------------------------------------ --St. L o u is , M o-111., M a r. 1973 1
Salt Lak e C ity , Utah, N ov. 1972 1
San A n ton io, T e x ., M a y 1973.
San D ie go , C a lif. , N ov. 1972_______________ _______________
San F r a n c is c o —
Oakland, C a lif., M a r. 1973________ ______
San J o s e , C a lif. , M a r. 1973------------------------ ------- -------Savannah, G a ., M ay 1973____ ---------------------- ---- -----------Scranton, P a . , July 1972--------------------------------------------S eattle— v e r e tt, W a s h ., J an. 1973---------------- — ----------E
Sioux F a lls , S. D a k ., D ec. 1972 1 __________________________
South Bend, In d ., M a r. 1973---------------------------------------Spokane, W ash ., June 1972 1---------------------------------------S y racu se, N .Y ., July 1972----- ------------------------------- ----Tampar-St. P e te r s b u r g , F la . , Aug. 1972----------------------T o le d o , O hicr-M ich ., A p r. 1973____ ___ ___ — ----------------T rent on, N. J . , Sept. 1972 1---- -------------------------------------Utica—R om e, N .Y ., July 1972--------------- ----------------------W ashington, D .C.—
Md.—V a ., M a r. 1973------- ---------------W a te rb u ry, C onn ., M a r. 1973--------------------------------------W a te rlo o , Iow a, N ov. 1972-----------------------------------------W ich ita, K an s., A p r. 1973.
W o r c e s te r , M a s s ., M ay 1973.

York, Pa., Feb. 1973.
Y o u n gsto w n -W arren , Ohio, N ov. 1972.

B u lletin number
and p ric e
1775-83,
1775-49,
1725-85,
1775-50,
1775-46,
1775-47,
1725-90,

40
55
35
55
40
40
50

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1775-51,
1775-6,
1775-16,
1725-88,
1775-45,
1725-94,
1775-67,
1775-21,
1775-87,

50
45
40
40
55
55
75
40
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1775-85,

35 cents

1775-84,
1775-7,
1775-68,

35 cents
45 cents
40 cents

1775-60,
1775-4,
1775-80,
1775-69,
1775-33,
1775-78,
1775-40,
1775-81,
1775-66,
1775-77,
1775-10,
1775-56,
1775-43,
1775-54,
1725-91,
1775-11,
1775-9,
1775-63,
1775-12,
1775-3,
1775-75,
1775-58,
1775-26,
1775-70,
1775-76,
1775-59,
1775-19,

65
45
35
75
50
35
40
40
40
40
45
40
40
40
35
45
45
40
55
45
50
40
40
40
40
40
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU O F LABOR S T A T IS T IC S
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20212

L A B -4 4 1

O F F IC IA L B U SIN ESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE $300

THIRD CLASS MAIL

BUREAU OF LABOR

S T A T IS T IC S REGIONAL OFFICES

Region I
1603 JF K Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
C onnecticut
Maine
M assachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

Region II
1515 Broadway
New York, N.Y. 10036
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Region III
P.O. Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 597-1154 (Area Code 215)
Delaware
District of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)
Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Region V
8th Floor, 300 South W acker Drive
C hicago, III. 60606
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)
Illino is
Indiana
M ichigan
Minnesota
Ohio
W isconsin

Region VI
1100 Com m erce St. Rm. 6B7
Dallas. Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
A rkansas
Louisiana
New M exico
Oklahoma
Texas

Regions V II and V III
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)
V II
V III
Iowa
Colorado
Kansas
Montana
Missouri
North Dakota
Nebraska
South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)
IX
X
Arizona
Alaska
California
Idaho
Hawaii
Oregon
Nevada
Washington





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102