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AREAWAGESURVEY
San Francisco—Oakland, C alifornia,
M etropolitan Area, M arch 1973
Bulletin 1 7 7 5 81




U S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
_ _ B u r e a u of Labor Statistics




Preface
T h is b u lle t in p r o v id e s r e s u lt s of a M a r c h 1973 s u r v e y of o c c u p a tio n a l
e a r n in g s in th e S a n F r a n c is c o — a k la n d , C a li f o r n i a , S ta n d a r d M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t i s ­
O
t i c a l A r e a ( A la m e d a , C o n tra C o s t a , M a r in , S a n F r a n c is c o , an d S an M a te o
C o u n t ie s ).
T h e s u r v e y w a s m a d e a s p a r t o f th e B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s '
an n u al a r e a w age s u rv e y p ro g ra m .
T h e p r o g r a m i s d e s ig n e d to y ie ld d a t a f o r
in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s , a s w e ll a s n a tio n a l an d r e g io n a l e s t im a t e s f o r a l l
S ta n d a r d M e tr o p o lita n A r e a s in th e U n ite d S t a t e s , e x c lu d in g A la s k a an d H a w a ii,
(a s d e fin e d b y th e U .S . O ffice of M a n a g e m e n t an d B u d g e t th ro u g h N o v e m b e r 19 7 1 ).
A m a jo r c o n s id e r a t io n in th e a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m i s th e n e e d to
d e s c r ib e th e l e v e l an d m o v e m e n t of w a g e s in a v a r i e t y of la b o r m a r k e t s , th r o u g h
th e a n a ly s i s of ( 1 ) th e l e v e l an d d is t r ib u t io n o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a tio n , an d ( 2 ) th e
m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t io n a l c a t e g o r y an d s k i l l l e v e l . T h e p r o g r a m d e ­
v e lo p s in f o r m a tio n th a t m a y b e u s e d f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s , in c lu d in g w a g e an d
s a l a r y a d m in is t r a t io n , c o lle c t iv e b a r g a in in g , an d a s s is t a n c e in d e te r m in in g p la n t
lo c a t io n .
S u r v e y r e s u lt s a ls o a r e u s e d b y th e U .S . D e p a r tm e n t of L a b o r to
m a k e w a g e d e t e r m in a t io n s u n d e r th e S e r v ic e C o n tr a c t A c t o f 1965.
C u r r e n t ly , 96 a r e a s a r e in c lu d e d in th e p r o g r a m .
(S e e l i s t o f a r e a s
on in s id e b a c k c o v e r .) In e a c h a r e a , o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s d a t a a r e c o lle c t e d
a n n u a lly . I n fo rm a tio n on e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e ­
f i t s , c o lle c t e d e v e r y s e c o n d y e a r in th e p a s t , i s now o b ta in e d e v e r y t h ir d y e a r .
E a c h y e a r a f t e r a l l in d iv id u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s h a v e b e e n c o m p le te d ,
tw o s u m m a r y b u lle t in s a r e i s s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b r in g s t o g e t h e r d a t a f o r e a c h
m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s u r v e y e d .
T h e se c o n d s u m m a r y b u lle t in p r e s e n t s n a tio n a l
an d r e g io n a l e s t i m a t e s , p r o je c t e d f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a d a t a .
T h e S a n F r a n c is c o — a k la n d s u r v e y w a s c o n d u c te d b y th e B u r e a u 's
O
r e g io n a l o ffic e in S a n F r a n c is c o , C a l i f . , u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n of
M ilto n K e e n a n , A s s i s t a n t R e g io n a l D ir e c t o r fo r O p e r a tio n s .
T h e s u r v e y c o u ld
not h a v e b e e n a c c o m p lis h e d w ith o u t th e c o o p e r a tio n o f th e m a n y f ir m s w h o se
w a g e an d s a l a r y d a t a p r o v id e d th e b a s i s f o r th e s t a t i s t i c a l in f o r m a tio n in t h is
b u lle t in . T h e B u r e a u w is h e s to e x p r e s s s i n c e r e a p p r e c ia t io n f o r th e c o o p e r a tio n
r e c e iv e d .

N o te :
C u r r e n t r e p o r t s on o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s a n d s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o ­
v is io n s in th e S a n F r a n c is c o — a k la n d a r e a a r e a v a i la b l e -f o r th e c o n t r a c t c le a n in g
O
( J u ly 1971) an d i n d u s t r i a l c h e m ic a l (J u n e 1971) i n d u s t r i e s .
A ls o a v a ila b le a r e
l i s t i n g s of u n io n w a g e r a t e s f o r b u ild in g t r a d e s , p r in t in g t r a d e s , l o c a l - t r a n s i t
o p e r a t in g e m p lo y e e s , l o c a l t r u c k d r i v e r s an d h e l p e r s , an d g r o c e r y s t o r e e m ­
p lo y e e s . F r e e c o p ie s of t h e s e a r e a v a ila b le f r o m th e B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o f f ic e s ,
(S e e b a c k c o v e r f o r a d d r e s s e s . )

AREA W A G E SU R VEY

V

B u lle tin 1775-81
S e p te m b e r 1 9 7 3

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, Peter J. Brennan, Secretary
B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T I S T I C S , Julius Shiskin, Co mmissioner

San Francisco—Oakland, C alifornia, M etropolitan Area, M arch 1973
CO NTENTS
Page
2
5

In tro d u ctio n
W age tr e n d s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s

T a b le s:

8
11
14
16
17
19
21
22
23
25
27

1.
2.
3.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y an d n u m b e r s tu d ie d
In d exes of e arn in g s fo r se le c te d occu p atio n al g r o u p s , and p e rc e n ts of in c r e a se fo r se le c te d p e rio d s
P e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , a d j u s t e d f o r e m p l o y m e n t s h i f t s

A.

4
6
7

O ccu p atio n al e a rn in g s:
A -l.
O ffic e o c c u p a t io n s : W eek ly e a r n in g s
A -la.
O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s : W e e k l y e a r n i n g s
A -2.
P r o f e s s i o n a l an d t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s : W eek ly e a r n in g s
A -2a.
P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s : W e e k l y e a r n i n g s
A -3.
O ffice , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s: A v e r a g e w eekly e a r n in g s , by s e x
A -3a.
O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s : A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s ,
A -4.
M ain ten an ce and p o w e rp lan t o c c u p a tio n s: H o u rly e a rn in g s
A -4a.
M a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s —l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s : H o u r l y e a r n i n g s
A - 5.
C u sto d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s: H o u rly e a rn in g s
A -5a.
C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s —l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s : H o u r l y e a r n i n g s

A p p en d ix.

O ccu p atio n al d e s c r ip tio n s




For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 — Price 40 cents

1

by s e x

Introduction
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t ; a n d (4) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m en t.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t of jo b
d e s c r ip ti o n s d e s ig n e d to ta k e a c co u n t of in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n
in d u t i e s w it h in th e s a m e j o b .
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c te d fo r stud y a re
l i s t e d an d d e s c r i b e d in the a p p e n d ix .
U n l e s s o t h e r w i s e in d ic a t e d , the
e a r n in g s d a ta fo llo w in g the jo b t it le s a r e fo r a ll i n d u s t r ie s c o m b in e d .
E a r n i n g s d a t a fo r s o m e o f the o c c u p a t io n s l i s t e d an d d e s c r i b e d , o r
f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w i t h i n o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in
t h e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in t h e o c c u p a t i o n
i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e
is p o s s ib ilit y of d is c lo s u r e of in d iv id u a l e sta b lis h m e n t d ata.
E arn in g s
d a t a n ot sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e i n c l u d e d in a l l
in d u s t r ie s c o m b in e d d a ta , w h e r e sh ow n .
L ik e w is e , d a ta a r e in clu d ed
in th e o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n w h e n a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f s e c r e t a r i e s
o r t r u c k d r i v e r s i s not sh o w n o r in f o r m a t io n to s u b c l a s s i f y i s not
av ailab le .

T h i s a r e a i s 1 o f 9 6 in w h i c h th e U .S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u of L a b o r S ta tis tic s co n d u cts s u r v e y s of o cc u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s
on an a r e a w id e b a s i s a n n u a lly .1
F i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s , in p e r s o n a l
v i s i t s to e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e a r e a , c o l l e c t e m p l o y m e n t , e a r n i n g s ,
e sta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s , and r e la te d b e n e fits in fo rm a tio n e v e r y th ird
year.
In e a c h o f t h e i n t e r v e n i n g y e a r s , i n f o r m a t i o n o n e m p l o y m e n t
and e arn in g s is c o lle cte d by m a il q u e stio n n a ir e s fro m e sta b lish m e n ts
p a r t i c i p a t i n g in th e p r e v i o u s s u r v e y . T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s t h e r e s u l t s
o f the l a t t e r ty p e s u r v e y .
In e a c h a r e a , d a t a a r e o b t a i n e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s :
M an u factu rin g; t r a n s ­
p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er p u b lic u tilitie s; w h o le sa le t r a d e ;
r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s . M a jo r
in d u stry g ro u p s exclu d e d fr o m th e se stu d ie s a re g o v e rn m en t o p e r a ­
tio n s and the c o n s t r u c t io n an d e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E sta b lish m e n ts
h av in g fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b e r of w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d b e c a u s e
t h e y t e n d to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d
to w a r r a n t i n c l u s i o n .
S e p a ra te tab u latio n s a r e p ro v id ed for each of
the b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

O ccu p atio n al em p lo y m en t and e a rn in g s d ata a r e
show n fo r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u l e .
E a r n i n g s d a t a e x c lu d e p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e an d f o r w o r k on
w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s, and late sh ifts.
N o n p ro d u ctio n b o n u se s a r e e x ­
c lu d ed , but c o s t- o f- liv in g a llo w a n c e s and in c e n tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in ­
c lu d e d .2 W here w eekly h o u rs a r e re p o r te d , a s fo r o ffice c le r ic a l o c c u ­
p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to th e s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t
h a lf hou r) fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e
s a l a r i e s (e x c lu s iv e of p a y fo r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m
rates).
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s fo r th e se o ccu p a tio n s a r e rounded
to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c te d on a s a m p le b a s i s .
The sa m ­
p lin g p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d e t a ile d s t r a t ific a t io n of a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s
w ith in the s c o p e of an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y in d u s t r y an d n u m b e r
of e m p lo y ees.
F r o m th is s t r a t ifie d u n iv e r s e a p ro b a b ility s a m p le is
s e l e c t e d , w ith e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a v in g a p r e d e t e r m i n e d c h a n c e of
selectio n .
T o o b tain o p tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r
p r o p o rtio n of la r g e than s m a ll e st a b lis h m e n t s is se le c te d .
W hen d ata
a r e c o m b in e d , e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t i s w e ig h t e d a c c o r d i n g to i t s p r o b a ­
b ility of se le c tio n , so th at u n b ia se d e s t i m a t e s a r e g e n e r a te d . F o r e x ­
a m p l e , if o n e o ut o f f o u r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s e l e c t e d , it i s g i v e n a
w e i g h t o f f o u r to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f p l u s t h r e e o t h e r s . A n a l t e r n a t e o f th e
s a m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y i s c h o s e n in th e s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i f i ­
c a tio n if d a ta a r e not a v a ila b le fo r the o r ig in a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
If
no s u it a b le s u b s t it u t e i s a v a i l a b l e , a d d it io n a l w e ig h t i s a s s i g n e d to a
s a m p l e m e m b e r th a t i s s i m i l a r to th e m i s s i n g u n it.

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e t h e l e v e l o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s in
an a r e a at a p a r tic u la r tim e.
C o m p a r is o n s of in d iv id u a l o c c u p a tio n a l
a v e r a g e s o v e r tim e m a y not r e fle c t e x p e c te d w ag e c h a n g e s.
The a v e r ­
a g e s f o r i n d i v i d u a l j o b s a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s a n d e m p l o y ­
m ent p attern s.
F o r e x a m p le , p r o p o rtio n s of w o r k e r s e m p lo y ed by
h ig h - o r lo w -w a g e fir m s m a y ch an ge o r h ig h -w ag e w o r k e r s m a y a d ­
v a n c e to b e tte r jo b s and be r e p la c e d b y n ew w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a t e s .
S u c h s h i f t s in e m p lo y m e n t c o u ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e
e v e n th o u g h m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in a n a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s d u r in g
th e y e a r . T r e n d s in e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , s h o w n in t a b l e 2,
a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s th a n in d iv id u a l j o b s w ith in the
groups.

O c cu p atio n s and E a r n in g s
T h e o c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d fo r s tu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
of m a n u fa c tu rin g and n o n m an u factu rin g in d u s t r ie s ,
an d a r e o f the
fo llo w in g ty p e s:
( l ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ;

A v e rag e e arn in g s refle c t c o m p o site , a re aw id e e stim a te s.
In­
d u s t r i e s a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l a n d j o b s t a f f i n g , a n d
th u s c o n tr ib u t e d if f e r e n t ly to the e s t i m a t e s fo r e a c h jo b .
Pay aver­
1
Included in the 96 areas are 10 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas
a g e s m a y f a i l t o r e f l e c t a c c u r a t e l y t h e w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l a m o n g j o b s in
are Austin, T ex.; Binghamton, N. Y. (New York portion only); Durham, N. C . ; Fort Lauderdale—
in d iv id u al e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
Hollywood and West Palm Beach, Fla. ; Huntsville, A la .; Lexington, K y . ; Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—
Newburgh, N. Y. ; Rochester, N.Y. (office occupations only); Syracuse, N.Y. ; and Utica—
Rome, N.Y.
2
Special payments provided for work in designated parts of the area by companies not consid­
In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 70 areas at the request
ering such payments a part of the regular salary or hourly rate were not included because of reporting
of the Employment Standards Administration of the U.S. Department of Labor.
problems. Such instances are few and do not have a large impact on the published data.




2

3

A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ­
t i o n s s h o u l d not b e a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y o f th e s e x e s
w ith in in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
F a c t o r s w h ich m a y c o n tr ib u te to
d i f f e r e n c e s in c lu d e p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s in c e
o n ly the r a t e s p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d , a n d p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e ­
c if ic d u t ie s w ith in the g e n e r a l s-urvey j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s .
Jo b d e sc rip ­
t i o n s u s e d to c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s u s u a l l y a r e m o r e
g e n e r a l i z e d th an t h o s e u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d a llo w fo r
m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .
O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in a ll
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f the s tu d y an d not th e n u m b e r a c t u ­
ally su rv e y e d .
B e c a u se o ccu p atio n al s tru c tu r e s am on g e sta b lish m e n ts
d iffe r , e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d f r o m the s a m p l e




o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n ly to i n d i c a t e th e r e l a t i v e i m p o r ­
ta n c e of the jo b s stu d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e
do not a ffe c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y of the e a r n i n g s d a ta .
E s ta b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p le m e n ta r y W age P r o v i s io n s
T a b u la t io n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d in t h i s
bu lletin .
In fo rm atio n fo r th e se tab u la tio n s, c o lle c te d e v e ry 2 y e a r s
in th e p a s t , i s n ow c o l l e c t e d e v e r y 3 y e a r s .
T h e s e t a b u la t io n s on
m in im u m e n tran c e s a l a r i e s for in e x p e rie n c e d w om en o ffic e w o rk e r s ,
sh ift d iffe r e n t ia ls ; s c h e d u le d w o rk w e e k , p aid h o lid a y s ; p aid v a c a t io n s ;
a n d h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s a r e p r e s e n t e d (in th e B - s e r i e s
t a b l e s ) in p r e v i o u s b u l l e t i n s f o r t h is a r e a .

4




T a b le 1. E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o rk e rs w ith in s c o p e o f s u rv e y and n u m b e r s tu d ie d in S a n F r a n c is c o —O a k la n d , C a lif .,1
by m a jo r in d u s try d i v is io n /M a r c h 1 9 7 3
M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

I n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

N u m b e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y 4

W ithin s c o p e
o f stu d y *

S tu d ie d

S tu d ie d
N um ber

P erc en t

A ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
A ll d i v i s i o n s ___________________________________
M a n u f a c tu r in g .................. .
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g . . _____________ _
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , an d
o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5 ___
W h o le s a le t r a d e ..
R e ta il tr a d e
F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e 6
S e r v ic e s 78

-

1, 552

283

4 5 6 ,9 0 8

100

24 9 , 748

100
-

410
1 142

80
203

1 2 8 , 767
3 2 8 , 141

28
72

5 4 ,5 3 1
1 9 5 ,2 1 7

100
50
100
50
50

102
310
133
241
356

33
39
42
41
48

9 5 ,4 3 2
3 5 , 164
6 6 , 113
7 3 , 898
5 7 ,5 3 4

21
8
14
16
13

7 7 , 789
9 , 178
4 5 , 718
4 3 , 116
1 9 ,4 1 6

-

167

108

2 6 2 ,2 9 1

100

2 1 8 , 106

500
-

59
108

35
73

6 3 ,2 2 1
1 9 9 ,0 7 0

24
76

4 5 ,2 4 3
1 7 2 ,8 6 3

500
500
500
500
500

26
8
30
21
23

19
5
21
14
14

8 0 ,3 7 7
6 , 395
4 6 ,6 6 1
4 2 ,7 5 1
2 2 ,8 8 6

31
2
18
16
9

7 4 ,6 1 2
4 , 322
4 0 ,8 4 7
38, 283
1 4 ,7 9 9

L a r g e e s ta b lish m e n ts
A l l d i v i s i o n s ___________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r in g
. ..
__
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g _ _
_
_ _ ___ _
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d
o t h e r p u b li c u t i l i t i e s 5
__ _
W h o le s a le t r a d e
r _ ..... _ _ _
R e ta il tra d e
_ _
__
_
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e 6
S e r v i c e s 7 8 ................
.
. . .

1 T h e S a n F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l it a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f in e d b y th e O f f ic e o f M a n a g e m e n t a n d B u d g e t t h r o u g h N o v e m b e r 1 9 7 1 ,
O
c o n s i s t s o f A l a m e d a , C o n t r a C o s t a , M a r i n , S a n F r a n c i s c o , a n d S a n M a te o C o u n t ie s . T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s sh o w n in t h is
t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s it io n o f th e la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e not
in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s f o r th e a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e
(1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p ile d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a n d (2) s m a l l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 19 6 7 e d itio n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith
t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m l i m it a t io n .
A ll o u t l e t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in su c h
i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f in a n c e , a u t o r e p a i r s e r v i c e , a n d m o tio n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1
e s ta b lish m e n t.
4 I n c l u d e s a l l w o r k e r s in a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t (w ith in th e a r e a ) a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m l i m it a t io n .
5 A b b r e v ia t e d to " p u b li c u t i l i t i e s " in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s .
T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
The
l o c a l t r a n s i t s y s t e m s in th e S a n F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d a r e a a r e m u n ic i p a ll y o p e r a t e d a n d a r e e x c l u d e d b y d e fin it io n f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s t u d y .
O
6 A b b r e v ia t e d to " f i n a n c e " in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s .
7 T h i s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n
o f d a ta fo r th is d iv isio n i s not m a d e fo r
o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1 ) E m p lo y m e n t in th e d i v i s i o n i s t o o
s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a
to m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2 ) th e s a m p l e
w a s n o t d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n ,
(3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s
i n s u f f i c i e n t o r in a d e q u a t e to
p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d (4 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .
8 H o t e l s a n d m o t e l s ; l a u n d r i e s a n d o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r , r e n t a l , a n d p a r k in g ; m o tio n p i c t u r e s ;
n o n p r o f it m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( e x c lu d in g r e l i g i o u s a n d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; a n d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .
I n d u s t r i a l c o m p o s it io n in m a n u f a c t u r i n g
A l m o s t o n e - t h i r d o f th e w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in th e S a n F r a n c i s c o
a r e a w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s .
T h e fo llo w in g p r e s e n t s th e m a j o r in d u s t r y
g r o u p s an d sp e c ific in d u s t r ie s a s a p e r c e n t o f a ll m a n u fa c tu r in g :
In d u stry g ro u p s

S p e c if i c i n d u s t r i e s

F o o d a n d k i n d r e d p r o d u c t s ______ 17
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s ______ 11
E l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t a n d
s u p p l i e s __________________________10
M a c h in e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l __ 9
P r in t in g a n d p u b l i s h i n g _________ 9
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t ______ 9
P r i m a r y m e t a l i n d u s t r i e s ______ 8
C h e m i c a l s a n d a l l i e d p r o d u c t s .. 7
P e t r o le u m a n d c o a l p r o d u c t s ___ 7
P a p e r a n d a l l i e d p r o d u c t s ______ 5

P e t r o l e u m r e f i n i n g _______________
M o to r v e h i c l e s a n d e q u ip m e n t —
C an n e d , c u r e d , an d fr o z e n
f o o d s ---------------------------------------B l a s t fu r n a n c e an d b a s ic s t e e l
p r o d u c t s __________________________
C o m m e r c i a l p r i n t i n g _____________
C o m m u n ic a t io n e q u i p m e n t ______
F a b r ic a te d stru c tu ra l m e ta l
p r o d u c t s __________________________

7
6
5
4
4
4
4

T h is in f o r m a t io n i s b a s e d on e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r i v e d f r o m u n i v e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p ile d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d on th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s sh o w n in t a b le 1 a b o v e .

W a g e T r e n d s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e in
a v e r a g e w eek ly s a l a r i e s of o ffice c le r ic a l w o r k e r s and in d u stria l
n u r s e s , a n d in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
T h e in d e x e s a r e a m e a s u r e of w a g e s at a g iv en tim e , e x p r e s s e d a s a
p e r c e n t o f w a g e s d u r in g the b a s e p e r i o d .
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m the
in d e x y i e l d s th e p e r c e n t c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m th e b a s e p e r i o d to the
d a te o f the in d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to w a g e
c h a n g e s b e tw e e n the in d ic a te d d a t e s .
A n nual r a te s of in c r e a s e , w h ere
s h o w n , r e f l e c t t h e a m o u n t o f i n c r e a s e f o r 12 m o n t h s w h e n t h e t i m e
p e r i o d b e t w e e n s u r v e y s w a s o t h e r t h a n 12 m o n t h s .
T h ese com pu­
t a t i o n s a r e b a s e d on th e a s s u m p t i o n t h a t w a g e s i n c r e a s e d a t a c o n s t a n t
ra te betw een s u r v e y s.
T h e s e e s t i m a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in
a v e r a g e s fo r the a r e a ; th e y a r e not in te n d e d to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y
c h a n g e s in th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e a r e a .

T h e in d e x is a m e a s u r e of w a g e s at a g iv e n tim e and is e x ­
p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t o f w a g e s in th e b a s e y e a r .
T h e b a s e y e a r is
a s s i g n e d the v a lu e o f 100 p e r c e n t .
T h e in d e x is c o m p u te d by m u lt i­
p ly in g th e b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (1 0 0 p e r c e n t ) b y th e r e l a t i v e (th e p e r c e n t
c h a n g e p lu s 100 p e r c e n t ) f o r the n e x t s u c c e e d i n g y e a r an d th en c o n ­
tin u in g to m u l t i p l y (c o m p o u n d ) e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y th e p r e v i o u s
y e a r ' s in dex.
F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k ly s a l a r i e s fo r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c lu siv e of e arn in g s fo r o v e rtim e .
F o r p la n tw o rk e r g r o u p s, they
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c lu d i n g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
late sh ifts.
T h e p e r c e n t s a r e b a s e d on d a ta fo r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t io n s an d in c lu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y im p o r t a n t jo b s w ith in
each group.

M eth od of C o m p u tin g
E a c h o f the fo llo w in g k e y o c c u p a t io n s w ith in an o c c u p a t io n a l
g ro u p is a s s ig n e d a c o n sta n t w e ig h t b a s e d on its p r o p o rtio n a te e m ­
p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p :
Office clerical (men and
women):
Bookke eping- machine
operators, class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A, B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Messengers (office boys or
girls)

Office clerical (men and
women)— Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B
Industrial nurses (men and
women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

L im ita tio n s of D ata
T h e in d e x e s and p e rc e n ts of c h an g e , a s m e a s u r e s of ch an ge
in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f lu e n c e d b y :
(1) G e n e r a l s a l a r y a n d w a g e
c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s i n p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i v i d u a l
w o r k e r s w h i l e i n t h e s a m e j o b , a n d (3) c h a n g e s i n a v e r a g e w a g e s d u e
to c h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t in g f r o m l a b o r t u r n o v e r , f o r c e
e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c t io n s , and c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t io n s of w o r k ­
e r s e m p lo y e d by e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith d iffe r e n t p a y l e v e ls .
C h a n g e s in
th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in th e o c c u p a t io n a l
a v e r a g e s w ith ou t a c tu a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e t h a t e v e n
th o u g h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in a n a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s , a v e r a g e
w a g e s m a y h ave d eclin ed b e c a u se lo w e r-p a y in g e sta b lish m e n ts en te red
the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ilarly , w ages m ay have
re m a in e d r e la tiv e ly co n stan t, yet a v e r a g e s fo r an a r e a m a y have r ise n
c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h i g h e r - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e n t e r e d the a r e a .

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and
cleaners
Laborers, material handling

NOTE: Comptometer operators, used in the computation of previous trends, are no longer
surveyed by the Bureau.
T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e ig h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h jo b i n ­
c lu d e d in th e d a ta .
T h e p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n l y c h a n g e s in
a v e r a g e p ay fo r stra ig h t-tim e h o u rs.
T h e y a r e not in flu e n ce d by
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
for o v e rtim e .
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a t a a r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s an d p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e a n y s ig n if ic a n t e ffe c t c a u s e d b y
c h a n g e s in th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .

T h e a v e r a g e (m ean ) e a r n in g s fo r e ac h o ccu p atio n a r e m u lti­
p li e d b y the o c c u p a t io n a l w e ig h t, an d the p r o d u c t s fo r a l l o c c u p a t io n s
in th e g r o u p a r e t o t a l e d .
The a g g r e g a te s fo r 2 co n secu tiv e y e a rs a re
r e l a t e d b y s u b t r a c t in g the a g g r e g a t e fo r the e a r l i e r y e a r f r o m the
a g g r e g a t e fo r the l a t e r y e a r a n d d iv id in g the r e m a i n d e r b y the a g g r e ­
g a t e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e r e s u l t t i m e s 100 sh o w s the p e r c e n t
of change.




5

6




T a b le 2 . In d e x e s o f e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s in S a n F r a n c is c o —O a k la n d , C a lif.,
O c to b e r 19 71 an d M a rc h 1 9 7 3 , an d p e rc e n ts o f in c re a s e fo r s e le c te d p e rio d s
All industries
Weekly earnings
Period

Office
cle rical
(men and
women)

Industrial
nurses
(men and
women)

Manufacturing

Hourly earnings
Skilled
maintenance
trades
(men)

Weekly earnings

Unskilled
plantworkers
(men)

Office
cle ric al
(men and
women)

Industrial
nurses
(men and
women)

Hourly earnings
Skilled
maintenance
trades
(men)

Unskilled
plantworkers
(men)

Indexes (Jan uary 1967^100)
O c to b e r 1 9 7 1 ----------------------------------------------------M a r c h 1 9 7 3 -------------------------------------- -----------------

132. 1
142. 5

144. 3
156. 7

139. 0
153. 0

139. 0
153. 0

129. 2
140. 2

144. 9
157.9

137.4
149.9

140. 9
153. 7

Percents of in crease
J a n u a r y I 9 6 0 to J a n u a r y 1 9 6 1 --------------------------J a n u a r y 1961 to J a n u a r y 1 9 6 2 --------------------------J a n u a r y 1962 to J a n u a r y 1 9 6 3 -------------------------- J a n u a r y 1963 to J a n u a r y 1 9 6 4 --------------------------J a n u a r y 1964 to J a n u a r y 1 9 6 5 --------------------------J a n u a r y 1965 to J a n u a r y 1 9 6 6 --------------------------J a n u a r y 1966 to J a n u a r y 1 9 6 7 —------------------------J a n u a r y 1967 to J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 --------------------------J a n u a r y 1968 to O c t o b e r 1 9 6 8 :
9 - m o n th i n c r e a s e ----------------------------------------A n n u a l r a t e o f i n c r e a s e --------------------------------

4. 1

3
4
7
7
2
0
6
8

3. 2
3. 2
3. 2
3.6
1. 3
4.9
3. 5
5. 1

4.
3.
4.
3.
3.
2.
3.
6.

8
0
5
5
2
6
2
2

4. 2
2. 6
2.4
3. 5
3.4
1. 6
3. 0
5. 8

8. 2
2. 4
4. 2
3. 1
2. 2
2. 5
4. 1
11.9

5. 1
2.9
2.9
4. 1
1.2
4. 7
2. 8
4. 8

4. 5
2. 7
3. 7
4. 3
2. 6
1. 8
3. 7
5.9

4. 3
5. 8

6. 5
8. 8

6. 2
8 .4

3.8
5. 1

4. 0
5.4

6. 4
8. 6

6. 3
8. 5

4. 8
6. 5

O c to b e r 196 8 to O c to b e r 1 9 6 9 --------------------------O c to b e r 19 6 9 to O c to b e r 1 9 7 0 --------------------------O c to b e r 1970 to O c to b e r 1 9 7 1 --------------------------O c to b e r 1971 to M a r c h 1 9 73:
1 7 - m o n th i n c r e a s e --------------------------------------A n n u a l r a t e o f i n c r e a s e --------------------------------

5. 7
5. 7
7. 6

5.4
7. 7
7. 7

7. 0
7. 1
8. 7

5. 0
8. 1
11. 1

4. 1
5.9
6. 5

4. 7
6. 7
8. 9

7. 2
6. 8
7. 8

6. 6
8. 3
10. 0

7.9
5. 5

8. 6
6. 0

10. 1
7. 0

10. 1
7. 0

8. 5
5.9

9. 0
6. 3

9. 1
6. 3

9. 1
6. 3

3. 0

3. 2
3. 1
3.4
2.9
3. 6
5 .4

8.
2.
3.
2.
2.
3.
4.
10.

7

Table 3. Percents of increase in average hourly earnings for selected occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts,
in San Francisco—Oakland, Calif., October 1971 to March 1973
A l l in d u s t r ie s

I
O ffic e

P e r io d

S k ille d

n u rses

m a in t e n a n c e

p la n t-

tr a d e s

w ork ers

(m e n )

(m e n )

c le r ic a l
(m e n

and

(m e n

1971 t o

M a rch

and

w om en)

w om en)

October

M a n u fa c tu r in g

In d u s tr ia l

U n s k ille d

O ffic e

S k ille d

n u rses

m a in te n a n c e

c le r ic a l
(m e n

and

(m e n

w om en)

w om en)

do

not

m eet




p la n tw o rk ers

(m e n )

(m e n )

O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m e n

and

w om en)

In d u s tr ia l
n u rses

S k ille d
m a in t e n a n c e

and

tr a d e s

w om en)

(m e n )

(m e n

U n s k ille d
p la n tw ork ers
(m e n )

1973:
8. 1

D a ta

U n s k ille d

tra d e s

and

p u b lic a tio n

8. 8

10. 4

9. 9

8. 0

8. 5

5. 7

'

N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g

In d u s tr ia l

6. 1

7. 2

6. 9

5. 6

5. 9

8. 9

8. 1

9. 7

( ‘ )

6. 2

9. 4

5. 7

6. 8

o

c r ite r ia .

N O TE :

T a b le

o c c u p a t io n a l
fo r

r e p o r t in g
h o ld in g

th e

chan ges

in d e x

new

w age

chan ges
in

area

th e

cu rren t

are

c o n v e rte d

on es

in

p r o v id e s

a d ju s te d

tr e n d s

in

p erc e n ts

to e x c lu d e

is

jo b s

e s t a b lis h m e n t

The
m easu re

3

grou p s,

c o m p u tin g w a g e

based
b oth

th e

e m p lo y m e n t

tre n d s

are

m a tc h e d

averages.
in c lu d e

(1 )

on

not

in

of

change

in

th e

e ffe c t

o f

chan ges
cu rren t

th e

lin k e d

jo b s
to th e

e s t a b lis h m e n t

O th e r

and

and

d a ta
(2 )

p r e v io u s

cu rren t

a vera ges
of

tre n d

h o u r ly

h o u r ly

e a r n in g s

s h ifts .

e a r n in g s

year

The
fo r

(m a tc h e d

fo r

s e le c t e d

n ew

m e th o d

e s t a b lis h m e n ts

e s t a b lis h m e n ts ),

c o n s ta n t.

c h a r a c te r is tic s

e a r n in g s

to an h o u r ly b a s is ,

a vera ge

e m p lo y m e n t

in a v e r a g e

o f

o ffic e

in d e x e s

w h ereas
th e

new

c le r ic a l

e s t im a t e s

are

becau se
th e

w age

th e n e w

cu rren t
tr e n d s

w ork ers
p r o v id e d

and
fo r

w age

in d e x e s
w h ic h

tr e n d s

m easu re

d iffe r

in d u s t r ia l

fr o m

n u rses

n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

e s t a b lis h m e n ts .
F o r a m o r e d e t a ile d d e s c r ip t io n o f th e n e w m e th o d u s e d to c o m p u te a r e a w a g e s u r v e y
in d e x e s , s e e " I m p r o v in g A r e a
W a g e S u r v e y I n d e x e s , " M o n t h l y L a b o r R e v i e w , J a n u a r y 197 3 ,
pp.

5 2 -5 7 .

10. 1
7. 0

8

A. Occupational earnings
T a b l e A -1. O f f i c e o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k l y e a rn in g s
( Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, San Francisco—
Oakland, Calif., March 1973)
Weekly earnings *
(standard)
O ccu pation and in d u stry d iv ision

of
workcre

(standard

N u m b e r o f vworker s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s o f —
t

Avrnoo
weekly
Mean ^

Median *

Middle ranged

t

80
Under
t
and
80
under
85

MEN

ANO

WOMEN

162
15 0
83

3 9.0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

$
1 7 2 .5 0
176.50
2 2 1.00

$
1 5 4 .5 0
2 10.50
2 31.50

$
$
1 2 7 .0 0 -2 3 2 .0 0
128.0 0 -2 3 2 .0 0
2 2 5 .0 0 -2 3 3 .5 0

—
“

—
-

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S A ----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------

109
93

3 9 .0
3 8.5

153.00
152.50

149.00
1 4 5 .0 0

1 4 0 .0 0 -1 6 3 .5 0
1 4 0 .0 0 -1 6 1 .5 0

_

_

“

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S B ----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ------------

149
117
55

3 9.5
3 9 .0
3 9.5

129.50
1 3 0 .5 0
1 3 1 .0 0

1 29.00
130.50
129.50

1 2 0 .5 0 -1 4 5 .5 0
1 0 9 .5 0 -1 4 7 .5 0
1 0 9 .0 0 -1 5 0 .5 0

-

3 9 .0
3 9.5
3 9 .0
3 9.5
3 9.0
3 9.0
3 8.5

166.00
1 6 3 .5 0
1 6 7 .5 0
195.00
168.50
1 6 0 .5 0
144.50

161.50
1 62.00
1 61.00
2 05.50
153.00
1 53.50
1 44.00

1 4 3 .5 0 -1 7 9 .5 0
1 4 5 .5 0 -1 7 8 .0 0
1 4 2 .0 0 -1 8 8 .5 0
1 6 3 .0 0 -2 1 9 .5 0
1 4 4 .0 0 -2 0 2 .5 0
1 3 7 .0 0 -1 8 0 .0 0
1 3 1 .0 0 -1 5 6 .5 0

-

R E T A I L T R A C E ----------------F I N A N C E ------------------------

1 ,9 7 8
80 3
1,175
362
220
1 08
348

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E -----------R E T A I L T R A D E ----------------F I N A N C E ------------------------

2 ,623
555
2 ,068
744
410
335
394

39.0
3 9.5
3 9.0
40.0
39.5
3 9.0
38.0

141.50
1 4 1 .0 0
1 4 1 .5 0
1 6 1 .0 0
1 4 9.00
131.50
1 1 8 .0 0

1 3 5 .5 0
137.50
1 3 5 .0 0
1 55.50
151.50
128.50
1 20.00

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S A ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------F I N A N C E ------------------------

271
54
217
115

38.5
3 9.0
38.0
38.5

1 3 4 .5 0
1 3 0 .0 0
136.00
1 2 7 .5 0

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S B ----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------R E T A I L T R A D E ----------------F I N A N C E ------------------------

822
739
96
51
455

39.0
39.0
39.5
3 9 .0
38.5

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S C ----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------F I N A N C E ------------------------

868
8 32
532

C L E R K S , O R D E R ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------W H O L E S A L E T R A O E -----------C L E R K S , P A Y R O L L ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E -----------R E T A I L T R A D E -----------------

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------TRACE

--------------------

See footnotes at end of tables.




85

90

t
95

100

S

$
n o

1 20

t

s

*
130

1 40

1 50

$
16 0

t

170

S

t

18 0

190

s

$
200

210

t

$

%

220

230

240

250
an d

90

95

10 0

1
1
“

12
12
“

6
6

120

130

1 40

150

1 60

170

180

2
“

3
1

33
27
2

19
17
2

-

6
6
2

3
3
”

“

—
-

_

_

12
10

15
13

29
27

14
14

29
19

4
4

_

no

19 0

200

2 10

220

230

240

2
2
2

6
6
6

7
7
7

62
62
62

250

over

COMBINED

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
M A C H I N E ) ---------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------

W H O LESALE

S

$

_

_

_

—
-

—
-

“

_

~

"

“

4
4

1 03
7
96
65
30
1
“

1 03
14
89
50
27
12
“

37
18
19
18
1
-

67
8
59
59
-

9
9
9
-

_
-

44
1
43
18
1
24

1 95
28
1 67
1 49
18
-

22
1
21
21
-

1
1
-

-

-

-

18

4
4

_

-

-

-

-

-

18

4
4

4

-

-

-

19
19
19

1
l
1

9
9
9

15
15
15

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

~

“

_

_

_

_

*

-

-

-

33
33
17

3
3
3

43
21
9

24
14
3

29
29
9

15
15
14

2
2

_
-

-

-

_
-

1
1
-

15
15

93
9
84

-

-

-

“

-

-

2
13

1
64

275
119
1 56
9
29
39
75

294
1 39
1 55
5
59
9
64

233
83
150
16
45
5
78

410
174
236
10 9
3
13
34

17 4
1 14
60
14
8
13
12

98
67
31
2
9
12
8

66
50
16
6
9
1

1 2 0 .5 0 -1 5 9 .0 0
1 2 5 .5 0 -1 6 3 .5 0
1 2 0 .0 0 -1 5 9 .0 0
1 3 7 .5 0 -1 9 3 .5 0
1 2 6 .5 0 -1 7 2 .5 0
1 1 2 .0 0 -1 3 9 .5 0
1 0 4 .5 0 -1 2 6 .5 0

_
-

-

91
22
69
1
4
47

241
44
197
4
63
80

261
42
219
3
41
59
58

467
57
410
133
88
48
12 1

365
131
234
76
31
81
39

248
81
167
72
25
31
23

285
27
258
16 9
71
10
5

204
92
11 2
81
16
4
7

73
13
60
13
40
7

“

26
1
25
8
i
7

87
8
79
9
66
3

-

13
6
7
7

124.50
1 2 7 .0 0
124.00
125.00

1 2 0 .5 0 -1 3 7 .5 0
1 1 9 .0 0 -1 3 0 .0 0
1 2 0 .5 0 -1 3 8 .5 0
1 2 0 .5 0 -1 3 6 .5 0

-

-

-

_

-

-

1
1
1

29
29
12

33
16
17
14

114
26
88
40

42
8
34
34

7
7
6

2
2
“

10
1
9
8

1
1
-

-

2
2

1 2 0 . OC
118.50
1 8 2 .0 0
114.50
104.50

1 13.50
112.50
1 74.50
122.00
103.00

9 9 .0 0 -1 3 0 .5 0
9 7 .5 0 -1 2 7 .0 0
1 6 9 .0 0 -2 0 4 .0 0
9 9 .5 0 -1 2 6 .5 0
9 3 .5 0 -1 1 4 .0 0

79
79

75
75

1 23
98

15 3
151

1 15
113

56
54
2
1
21

37
7
2

16
4
4

30
20
20

26
26
24

38.5
38.5
38.0

101.00
101.50
9 4.00

9 6 .0 0
96.50
93.00

9 0 .0 0 -1 0 5 .5 0
9 0 .5 0 -1 0 5 .0 0
8 7 .5 0 -1 0 1 .0 0

586
179
407
362

4 0 .0
4 0.0
3 9.5
39.5

157.00
157.00
1 5 7 .5 0
157.50

1 5 6.50
1 40.00
1 5 8.50
1 5 8.50

688
265
423
1 38
65
117

39.0
3 9.5
39.0
3 8.5
39.5
39.5

165.00
1 6 2 .5 0
166.50
202.50
1 5 9 .5 0
149.50

1 6 7.00
166.00
168.00
2 04.00
1 6 3 .5 0
1 45.50

-

-

*

~

—
-

-

4

_

24
24

44
44

3
21

44

3
75

8
67

5
77

2
112

29
34

14
14
14

91
65
65

104
104
104

194
194
1 34

1 30
13 0
63

160
150
1 06

91
91
40

17
17
6

14
14

34
34

_
-

_
-

4
4

13
13

2
2

-

_
-

-

-

-

1 3 4 .5 0 -1 7 8 .5 0
1 3 5 .0 0 -1 9 5 .0 0
1 3 4 .0 0 -1 7 7 .5 0
1 3 5 .0 0 -1 7 7 .5 0

_
-

-

-

_
-

1
1
1

-

69
4
65
62

104
82
22
10

56
16
40
39

74
74
66

52
11
41
31

74
10
64
64

35
35
35

76
47
29
19

19
2
17
17

1
1
-

1
1
-

1
1

_
-

-

-

-

-

23
4
19
18

-

~

-

1 3 9 .5 0 -1 8 1 .5 0
1 4 4 .5 0 -1 8 0 .5 0
1 3 7 .5 0 -1 8 7 .5 0
1 7 4 .0 0 -2 2 7 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0 -1 7 3 .5 0
1 3 3 .5 0 -1 6 1 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
2
6

11
6
5

45
23
22

104
25
79

39
16
23

81
38
43

77
39
38

1 29
47
82
36
28
6

58
44
14

43
19
24
14

17
2
15

29
1
28
27
1

6
1
5
5

-

-

8
8

-

“

“

-

-

-

-

4

2

“

“

”

1

12

17
39

4
4

13

10
23

3
10

4

2

-

3

10

15
-

33
2
31

31
-

*

9
T a b l e A -1. O f f i c e o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k l y e a r n in g s -----C o n tin u e d
(Average st ruight-lime weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, San Francisco—
Oakland, Calif., March 1973)
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of—

$

t

*

*

MEN

AND

weekly
hours *
(standard

$

S

$

$

»

$

S

t

>

$

S

$

t

$

»

$

i z r

WOMEN COMBINED—
CONTINUED

85

90

95

100

1 10

120

130

140

150

16 0

17 0

1 80

1 90

200

210

220

230

240

250

85

O, * upation and industry division

90

95

10 0

110

120

130

140

150

160

17 0

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

over

-

-

-

-

14
14
-

15
15
1
-

41
9
32
1
6
7

236
141
95
9
3
82

267
53
214
2
39
25
13 1

334
79
255
9
27
29
1 61

410
36
374
31
32
17
85

238
46
19 2
14
4
4
16 6

51
11
40
3
19
1
1

59
4
55
43
6
6
“

61
52
9
9
-

46
46
46
-

11
5
6
6
-

18
18
18
-

5
5
5
“

-

-

-

-

4
2
2
2

1 21
4
117
4
5
107

1 82
40
1 42
22
3
104

274
35
239
50
41
6
103

312
33
279
43
35
120
42

1 98
28
1 70
92
19
3
33

19 6
22
174
132
29
4
6

106
19
87
56
18
-

53
20
33
19
6
8

55
2
53
48
5
-

2
109
109
-

_
-

18
18
18
-

35
35
35
-

_
-

-

_
-

64
64
55

1 40
11
1 29
1
64

188
21
167
14
88

189
66
123
2
71

146
109
37
14
17

25
7
18
9
3

7
2
5
1
4

18
1
17
6

16
4
12
12

2
2

-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

3
3
3
-

47
2
45
39
-

14 3
32
111
2
72
-

454
87
367
15
72
44
156

986
260
726
44
209
54
332

1041
226
815
44
181
54
443

1087
335
7 52
84
13 3
64
317

1048
240
808
92
1 90
66
346

8 38
25 2
5 86
122
152
37
18 5

598
20 0
398
90
89
40
1 12

301
1 23
178
54
34
38
44

3 27
138
1 89
94
19
12
41

12 8
32
96
48
22
1
22

10 9
76
33
11
5
11
5

131
11
12 0
111
8
1
-

28
2
26
10
1
2

38
5
33
26
3
1
3

4
4
-

22
10
12
1

7
7
1

48
19
29
1
9

68
18
50
2
28

38
7
31
1
15

40
17
23
4
14

56
32
24
2
8

62
11
51
15
12

19
9
10
2
6

11
1
10
2

11
11
6
*

18
18
5
”

21
1
20
*17
1

130
10
120
29
15
12
38

175
18
157
8
17
17
66

25 1
34
217
15
23
16
1 34

3 24
54
2 70
49
58
11
104

265
58
207
34
47
25
73

11 8
45
73
19
11
It
30

81
51
30
6
5
5
13

58
13
45
6
20
16

86
73
13
4
5
3

54
2
52
48
4
-

8
8
5
1
2

10
1
9
5
2
2

2
2
-

7
3
4
4
-

Under
Mean ^

Median *

Middle ranged

80
and
under

%

80

and

K l Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------W H C L E S A L E T R A D E ------------------R E T A I L T R A O E -----------------------F I N A N C E -------------------------------

1 ,6 0 6
436
1,3 7 0
1 86
1 38
91
633

39.0
3 9.5
3 9.0
4 0 .0
3 9.0
3 9.0
3 9.0

$
151.00
1 4 6 .5 0
1 5 2 .5 0
1 8 6 .0 0
149.50
1 4 4 .5 0
1 4 6 .0 0

$
150.00
1 4 2 .0 0
154.00
1 8 8 .0 0
147.50
1 4 2 .0 0
145.50

$
$
135.5 0 -1 6 1 .0 0
124.5 0 -1 6 1 .0 0
138.5 0 -1 6 1 .0 0
1 6 2 .5 0 -2 0 3 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0 -1 5 9 .0 0
1 3 6 .0 0 -1 5 3 .0 0
1 3 5 .5 0 -1 6 0 .5 0

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ------------------R E T A I L T R A D E -----------------------F I N A N C E -------------------------------

1,6 6 5
207
1 ,4 5 8
602
1 79
14 9
397

3 9.5
3 9.5
3 9.5
3 9.5
4 0 .0
4 0.0
3 8.5

144.00
139.50
144.50
167.00
140.00
1 3 5 .0 0
1 1 9 .5 0

136.00
137.00
136.00
159.00
1 35.00
133.00
1 19.00

1 2 5 .0 0 -1 5 8 .0 0
125.0 0 -1 5 3 .5 0
1 2 5 .0 0 -1 5 8 .5 0
1 4 7 .5 0 -1 9 0 .5 0
1 2 6 .0 0 -1 5 3 .0 0
1 3 1 .0 0 -1 3 6 .0 0
1 0 7 .0 0 -1 2 7 .5 0

-

-

-

“

*

MESSENGERS (OFFICE BCYS AND GIRLSIM A N U F A C T U R i N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U i L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------F I N A N C E -------------------------------

852
223
629
59
344

3 8.5
3 8.0
3 8.5
38.5
38 .5

110.00
118.00
107.00
1 3 3 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0

1 08.00
1 2 0 .5 0
1 0 2 .5 0
1 2 9 .5 0
101.00

9 8 .5 0 -1 2 0 .0 0
113.5 0 -1 2 3 .5 0
9 6 .5 0 -1 1 6 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0 -1 5 3 .5 0
9 4 .0 0 -1 1 2 .0 0

-

23
23
9

34
34
33

S E C R E T A R I E S -------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ------------------R E T A I L T R A D E -----------------------F I N A N C E -------------------------------

7 ,308
2,0 2 1
5 ,287
845
1,118
425
2 ,123

39 .0
39 .5
3 9.0
3 9.5
3 9.0
39 .5
3 8.5

1 6 2 .5 0
166.00
161.00
188.00
1 5 9 .0 0
1 6 1 .0 0
153.00

1 59.00
162.00
1 58.00
182.50
158.00
159.00
1 50.50

1 4 2 .0 0 -1 7 8 .0 0
1 4 5 .5 0 -1 8 3 .0 0
1 4 1 .0 0 -1 7 5 .0 0
1 6 2 .5 0 -2 0 9 .5 0
1 4 0 . C O - 1 7 2 . 50
1 4 1 .0 0 -1 7 9 .5 0
1 3 8 .0 0 -1 6 5 .0 0

-

-

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S A ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------F I N A N C E -------------------------------

425
1 25
300
56
96

3 9.0
3 9.0
3 8.5
3 9.0
3 9.0

188.00
1 7 8 .5 0
192.00
227.50
1 8 0 .5 0

1 8 4 .0 0
183.00
1 8 6 .5 0
2 25.00
178.50

1 6 3 .0 0 -2 0 7 .0 0
1 6 0 .5 0 -1 9 6 .5 0
165.0 0 -2 0 9 .5 0
2 0 6 .0 0 -2 6 1 .0 0
1 6 4 .0 0 -1 9 5 .0 0

-

-

1
1
1
-

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S B ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ------------------R E T A I L T R A D E -----------------------F I N A N C E -------------------------------

1 ,6 2 7
359
1 ,268
240
208
11 9
488

3 9.0
3 9.5
3 8.5
3 9.0
3 9.5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

1 7 8 .5 0
1 9 3 .0 0
174.50
1 9 0 .0 0
181.00
1 6 5 .0 0
1 7 1 .5 0

174.50
193.50
172.00
182.50
174.50
1 6 5 .0 0
170.00

1 6 1 .0 0 -1 9 1 .0 0
1 7 5 .0 0 -2 1 0 .0 0
159.0 0 -1 8 5 .0 0
1 6 7 .5 0 -2 2 4 .5 0
1 6 6 .5 0 -1 8 9 .5 0
1 4 8 .0 0 -1 8 3 .0 0
1 6 0 .5 0 -1 8 2 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S C ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ------------------R E T A I L T R A D E -----------------------F I N A N C E -------------------------------

2,620
83 1
1,789
297
335
12 5
856

3 9.0
3 9.5
3 9.0
39 .5
39 .5
3 9.5
3 9.0

1 6 2 .0 0
166.50
1 5 9 .5 0
1 76.00
1 6 5 .0 0
162.00
1 51.50

1 60.00
1 64.50
1 58.50
175.50
163.00
1 62.50
149.50

1 4 5 .5 0 -1 7 6 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0 -1 8 0 .0 0
1 4 4 .0 0 -1 7 2 .0 0
1 5 7 .0 0 -1 9 1 .5 0
1 5 5 .5 0 -1 7 4 .0 0
1 4 9 .5 0 -1 7 4 .0 0
1 4 0 .5 0 -1 6 1 .5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S D ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ------------------R E T A I L - T R A O E -----------------------F I N A N C E ------------------- * ----------

2,580
655
1,9 2 5
247
546
132
683

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9.0
3 9 .5
3 8.5
39 .5
3 8.5

1 48.50
148.00
1 4 8 .5 0
1 92.50
145.00
150.00
137.50

143.50
1 46.50
142.50
201.00
139.50
1 4 4 .5 0
1 37.00

1 3 2 .5 0 -1 5 8 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0 -1 5 6 .0 0
1 3 2 .0 0 -1 5 9 .0 0
1 6 2 .5 0 -2 1 7 .5 0
1 3 2 .0 0 -1 5 7 .0 0
1 3 1 .0 0 -1 6 4 .0 0
1 2 7 .5 0 -1 4 7 .5 0

*

Workers w e r e distributed a s follows:

See footnotes at end of tables.




-

-

in

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

37

30

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

37
-

30
12

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
7

18

_
-

-

_
-

-

15

90
18
72
14
11
35

297
107
190
30
5
14
137

405
84
32 1
6
57
7
238

465
140
325
37
64
21
179

465
1 19
346
35
99
33
13 9

36 1
157
204
51
51
21
60

252
1 09
1 43
44
34
10
19

67
15
52
25
12
4
6

1 16
61
55
22
12
1
16

9
2
7
4
3
-

19
9
10
10
-

“

29
29
16

21
5
16
15
1
-

-

15
11

-

*

-

-

-

114
32
82
-

394
153
241
38
44
19
63

252
59
1 93
38
64
14
45

95
15
80
20
42
4
6

29
6
23
6
5
4
6

58
29
29
6
4
16
*

47
47
47

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

499
132
367
9
109
29
166

30
5
25
25
-

~

637
143
494
1
204
15
195

63
10
53
51
2

-

323
69
2 54
l
72
29
114

-

-

32
2
30
-

3

-

-

-

-

-

“

1

3

-

-

1
1

3
3

-

-

28

2
56

3 at $ 2 5 0 to $ 2 6 0 ; 3 at $ 2 6 0 to $ 2 7 0 ; 3 at $ 2 7 0 to $ 2 8 0 ; 6 at $280 to $290; and 2 at $290 to $ 3 0 0 .

-

-

3
3

10
T a b l e A -1. O f f ic e o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k l y e a rn in g s — C o n tin u e d
(A verage straight-time weekly hours and earnings o f w orkers in selected occupations by industry division, San Francisco—
Oakland, Calif., March 1973)
W
eekly earnings 1
(standard)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w eekly e a r n in g s of—

*
O c c u p a t i o n an d i nd us TV d i v i s i o n

weekly

o
t
W ”S
°rtU

M
ean ^

(standard)

Median ^

Middle ranged

SIENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL
PUBLIC UTILITIES

^ no

575
172

$

t

%

80

80

$

t

1 ,429
r (J UL 1 L U 1 l L 1 1 1 l j

50

100

no

120

130

190

150

160

170

180

190

90

95

100

no

120

130

190

150

160

170

180

190

200

>1

100

158
37
121

159
53
106

107
38
69

70
23
97

1

7

100

16
22

39

15

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

8

21

86

It

386
57
329

47
291

11
168

100
13
171

51
18
112

25

/_

27
47

16

23

28

181
1
13
22

39.0 133.50 126.00 115.50-197.00
121.00-139.50
n
112.50-198.50
226.00 196.00-229.00
J
-Jj
112.00-197.50
117.00 118.50 106.50-125.00

282
39
293

181
75
106
11

99
59
95
12

ft—

16

56

181

-

11

20
39
85
11

■
-

1
1

5

8
11

6

59
26
28

93
12
81

21

2

220

18

230

290

250 o v e r

23

9

'

18

1

93
13

111.50-129.50

210

__

20

nn

759

136

191
31
no

1

90.0 129.00 130.00 116.00-139.00
39.5 117.50 119.50 111.00-128.00

PUBLIC UTILITIES

2
36
1

1
1

906

169.00-201.50
129.00 126.50 110.50-138.00

98
97

r . . . . r~r
~

$
S
290 250

32

__

1o i

230

t

1

20
13

cr( .

i
nn
120.50

220

*

an d

159.00 153.50 133.00-169.50
118

$
$
200 21C

and
under

191.50 130.00-160.50
39.0 152.50 157.00 135.50-165.50
196.00 190.00 129.00-153.50
198.00 193.00-209.00
39.5 196.00 190.50 136.50-153.50
39.0 138.50 139.00 130.00-197.50
136.00 133.00 123.50-195.00

« r.r.r-.

t

95

$
$
39.5 129.00 129.50 113.00-140,00
119.00-190.50
129 .G 123.00 110.50-139.50
O
155.50 199.50 130.00-168.50

.

t

90

31
1,830

$

s

s

85

31

Under
t

85
M
EN AND W EN COMBINED—
OM
CONTINUED

t

s

90
23

25

176
44
132
21
20

119

32

1
36

38
19

17
29

19

13
13
13

15
12

19
12

8

52
7
95
95

1

66

15

128
18
no
91

13
13

-

9

20
20

58
22
1
81
18

96
8
JtJ

52

16

-

2

32

-

_

23
23

96

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
52

LLAbb A

J *3

181.00 181.00 165.00-211.00

16

0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
. 75

90.0 169.50 162.50 196.50-183.50
169.50 159.50 196.50-185.00
U.

10
10

19
19

57
J9
t

57
it

15
0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
PUBLIC U TILITIES

360
30

127.50
'■n
37 0 i
38.0
121.50 120.00 111.00-131.50
t

1.63C
1,927
rUULIo U11L 111Lj
901

r'lr-

,K
.r-

PUBLIC UTILITIES

1,819
158
1,661
80
, 30

See footnotes at end of tables.




nn i

Aft

-j cn 113.50-138.00

1

iit* n n

■Inn
•

18
18
37

zz

_

35
1
13

f1

1
86

122

19

68

186

196

78

95

218
17

19
16

20
8
10
1

8

30

8
8

6
6

12

18
18

13
10

' '

38
*
■

5

10

12
1

nn
*

IT
00

71

1

n
39.5 119.00 115.50 109.50-121.00
99.00-117.50
39.5 198.00 197.00 139.00-153.00

i nn
100

53

123.00-196.50
111.00-135.00
131.00-202.50
37.0 127.00 129.00 11 8 .5 0 136.00
116.00 1 0 5 .5 0 126.50

oo n

°7

”
*

“

”
~




1
1
i— la r g e e s t a b li s h m e n t s : W e e k l y e a r n in g s
ngs of workers in selected occupations in establishments employing 500 workers or more by industry division*
W eekly earnings 1
(standard )______

r
[C
IS

N u m ber o f w o rk ers

*

A verage
w eekly
hours*
[standard)

80

*

*
90

*
95

*
100

105

and
under

*

*

r e c e iv in g

s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f —

110

*
120

*
130

*
140

150

160

170

—

85

»

—

—

—

-

-

-

85

90

95

100

105

110,

120

130

140

150

_
—
“

.
-

.
-

-

.
*

1
1
-

8
8
2
6

27
9
18
1
12

80
19
61
5
34
19

61
38
23
5
2
14

67
42
25
13
2
10

34
12
22
1
6
~

42
1
41
1
23
9

59
13
46
3
26
5

127
27
100
3
2
52
24

242
34
208
133
1
26
43

247
72
175
76
10
65
19

158
39
119
72
23
21
*

*

160___ 170

*

*
180

-

*
190

-

*
200

-

*
210

-

(
220

-

(
230

-

»
240

-

25C

and

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250 over

184
127
57
32
11
2

111
88
23
14
5
4

63
51
12
•
6

22
14
8
6
1

81
7
74
65
1

75
8
67
50
12

19
18
1
-

22
8
14
14
-

-

-

187
9
178
151
16
7
1

183
86
97
81
8
4

25
2
23
9
10
3

31
13
18
13
5
-

44
1
43
18
1
24

154
4
150
149
1
-

22
1
21
21
-

1
1
-

-

-

.
-

621
A 30
391
204
77
67

39.0
39.0
39.5
39.5
39.0
39.0

$
173.50
170.50
177.00
196.00
160.50
140.00

$
168.50
166.50
171.00
206.00
150.00
138.50

$
$
155.50-195.00
160.00-180.00
144.50-208.50
168.50-216.00
136.00-182.50
129.50-150.00

568
316
,252
726
83
256
101

39.5
39.0
39.5
40.0
39.0
39.0
38.0

147.00
144.00
148.00
161.00
151.00
131.50
121.00

141.00
140.00
141.50
155.50
150.00
128.50
122.50

126.50-165.00
128.00-166.50
126.50-163.00
137.00-196.00
140.50-164.00
111.50-139.50
115.50-128.50

-

-

12
l
11
1
1
“

127
88
70

39.0 135.50 128.50 121.00-138.50
39.0 136.50 128.50 117.50-140.50
39.0 123.50 124.50 115.50-134.50

_
*

-

-

1
1
1

6
6
6

6
6
6

17
14
14

46
20
18

25
19
19

7
7
6

2
2

2
1

1
-

2
-

4
4

4
4

4
4

.
-

_
-

_
-

.
-

418
385
81
234

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.0

112.00 99.00-128.50
113.00 98.50-129.00
172.50 167.50-187.50
102.00 95.50-113.00

3
3

2
2

52
52

58
58

28
28

52
27

60
58

69
67

3
3
2

6
4
4

20
20
20

24
24
24

19
19
19

1
1
1

9
9
9

-

-

-

-

_
-

*

2

49

57

27

21

47

30

12
10
2
1

210
210
167

38.5 108.00 101.50
38.5 108.00 101.50
38.5
98.50
99.00

91.50-116.50
91.50-116.50
89.00-106.00

22
22
22

24
24
24

20
20
16

27
27
27

37
37
35

12
12
12

30
30
25

17
17
6

2
2

.
-

_
-

-

4
4

13
13

2
2

•

-

-

-

.
-

•
-

121
86

40.0 161.50 162.00 134.50-186.00
40.0 163.00 163.50 153.00-183.00

-

_

.

-

-

-

2

*

8
4

27
15

5
1

11
11

24
23

9
9

12
12

18
11

2
-

1
*

1
*

1
*

-

*

*

-

352
98
254
111
63

39.0
39.0
39.0
38.5
40.0

167.00
165.50
167.50
200.50
143.00

170.50
170.50
170.50
202.50
137.50

138.00-191.00
149.00-180.00
137.00-199.00
174.00-218.50
132.00-155.00

-

*

6
8
-

_
-

7
2
5
“

11
6
5
“

15
*
ii
9

55
6
49

20
4
16
2
10

34
19
15
4
3

67
26
41
28
*

21
11
10
2
3

24
7
17
14
3

17
2
15
15
*

28
i
27
27
“

6

16
2
14
14
*

*

_

28

22
7
15
•
6

005
235
770
163
69
467

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5

152.50
141.00
156.00
180.50
145.00
149.50

152.00
139.00
156.00
185.50
142.00
151.50

137.00-163.00
123.00-154.00
140.50-163.50
159.50-201.50
136.50-152.00
139.00-161.50

-

-

-

-

25
7
18

“

“

*

1
1
*

6
7

132
93
39
3
33

144
20
124
2
17
88

171
39
132
9
22
98

165
34
131
31
10
74

213
22
191
14
4
166

34
11
23
3
1
1

54
4
50
43
6

9
9
9
•

46
46
46
-

11
5
6
6
-

_
-

.

-

.
-

•
-

.
-

.
-

012
82
930
526
56
123
209

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0
38.5

150.00
141.00
150.50
165.00
140.50
134.00
126.00

146.00
141.50
146.50
159.00
142.00
132.50
124.50

130.50-165.50
122.00-163.00
131.00-166.00
147.00-189.50
132.00-150.00
131.00-134.50
118.00-135.00

•
•
*

.
“

*

4
2
2
—
2

11
1
10
1
-

74
13
61
3
58

130
13
117
50
6
4
57

196
7
189
37
14
96
42

151
15
136
81
19
3
33

139
6
133
108
12
4
6

86
16
70
56
1
-

29
2
27
19

SO
2
48
48

111
2
109
109

•
-

18
18
18

•
-

-

•
-

-

9

13
3
10
3
5
2

332
77
255
46
181

39.0
39.0
39.5
38.5
39.5

114.00
117.50
113.00
141.00
103.00

108.50 99.00-125.50
115.00 104.50-123.50
105.50 97.50-127.00
137.00 128.00-165.50
102.00 95.00-109.00

9
9
9

15
15
15

22
22
21

44
11
33
1
29

56
9
47
3
43

30
5
25
25

50
21
29
—
25

45
21
24
14
7

18
1
17
9

7
2
5
1
4

18
1
17
6

16
4
12
12

2
2

122.00
122.50
176.00
105.00

-

.
-

1
1
1

3

i

s
5
*

“

-

8
*

-

12
T a b le A-1a. O f f i c e o c c u p a t io n s— large establishments: W e e k l y e a rn in g s-----Continued
(A verage straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings of w orkers in selected occupations in establishments employing 500 workers or m ore by industry division,
San Francisco—
Oakland, C alif., March 1973)
W eekly earnings 1
(standard)
Num ber

O c c u p a t i o n a n d i n d u s t r y division

of

t

A verage
w eek ly
(standard)

M ean ^

M edian £

M iddle ranged

80
and
under
85

M
EN ANO W EN COM INED-OM
B
C0NT1NUED

$
160.00
160.00
160.50
185.00
171.00
159.50
151.00

$
$
144.00-181.00
145.50-181.00
143.50-181.00
166.00-209.00
152.50-192.50
145.50-180.50
138.00-166.50

SECRETARIES -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S -------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------FINANCE -----------------------------------

3,583
1,107
2,476
613
215
226
1,146

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---- ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------------

134
109
40

39.0 201.50 200.50 169.00-228.00
39.5 201.00 193.50 166.00-238.50
39.0 232.50 243.00 196.00-273.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIE S -------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------FINANCE -----------------------------------

663
159
504
174
74
200

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
39.0
39.0

187.50
190.50
187.00
200.00
165.50
178.50

184.00
193.50
182.00
191.00
167.50
176.50

171.00-202.00
177.00-202.50
169.00-201.00
177.00-236.00
151.50-182.50
166.50-187.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIE S -------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------FINANCE -----------------------------------

1,403
456
947
194
82
71
548

39.5
39.0
39.5
39.5
40.0
40.0
39.5

163.00
168.00
160.50
182.50
170.00
158.50
152.00

159.50
167.00
157.50
179.50
164.00
157.00
151.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIES -------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------

1,367
456
911
200
71
362

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5
40.0
39.0

151.50
150.00
152.50
182.50
159.50
137.50

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIE S -------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------

585
88
497
172
265

40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0
40.0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIE S -------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------

913
125
788
125
533

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A ----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIE S --------------------

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5

1 6 5 .0 .
165.00
165.00
190.50
174.50
162.50
153.50

t

S

$

*

Number of workers receivin g straight-tim e weekly earnings of—
t
*
*
»
*
t
S
$
*
$
*
t
s
$
»
$
100 105 110 120 130 140 150
160 170
180 190 200 210 220 23C
2 40
250

85

90

95

90

95

100

105

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

1
1
•
1

3
3
-

5

7

5

7

54
4
50

185
43
142
3

3

1

7

438
150
288
5
25
19
186

496
148
348
20
19
33
224

596
213
383
75
29
46
178

475
114
361
75
31
36
180

-

-

-

-

5

“
*

—

12
9
i

an d

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

*

“

-

-

-

-

-

—

-

-

*

*

148.50
149.00
148.50
177.50
154.50
136.50

135.00-162.00
137.50-157.50
134.00-164.00
160.00-207.00
142.50-185.00
127.50-147.50

_
*

—
-

132.00
138.00
131.00
155.50
116.00

126.50
134.00
125.00
149.50
115.50

114.50-145.00
126.50-152.00
112.50-142.50
130.00-168.50
105.50-123.00

*

*

39.5
39.5
40.0
40.0
40.0

146.50
163.50
143.50
191.00
131.50

140.00
167.50
137.00
197.00
131.00

127.00-161.00
153.50-175.50
125.50-152.50
192.50-199.50
122.50-139.50

.
-

_
-

182
67
115
59

39.0
38.5
39.0
39.0

152.50
148.50
155.CO
178.00

148.50
140.00
152.50
175.00

131.50-172.00
132.50-163.00
129.CO-185.50
167.00-192.00

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ----NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------

259
242
63

39.0 129.50 124.50 121.50-135.00
39.0 128.00 124.50 121.00-134.00
40.0 129.50 133.00 130.50-135.50

*

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

56

39.5 148.00 143.00 128.00-166.00

1

* W orkers were distributed as follows:
See footnotes at end of tables.




-

-

-

'

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

*

*

*

11
11
2

4
4
1

15
14
4

13
12
2

17

15

4

8
2

122
26
96
27
9
51

132
28
104
34
17
48

69
27
42
19
3
16

80
51
29

26
3
23

46
14
32
13
10
1

69
39

6

i
51

4

5

18
5
6
7

44
8
17
18

82
20
62
12
9
39

222
46
176

207
48
159
21
16
16
96

206
105
101
39
10
40

113
38
75
32
12
5
19

56

18

4
9
9

47
14

151
44
107

33

3

6

13
87

12
7
143

277
87
190
28
16
18
124
263
123
140
38
11
33

173
46
127
38
8
39

2
-

*

5

4

9

23

45

130
29
101
1
8
71

277
106
171
1
99

253
102
151
9
18
73

72
17
55
27
18

50
10
40
18
14

38
16
22
15
4

48
9
39
37
2

85
13
72
7
37

63
38
25

11
4
5

7

7
6

14

1

7
-

1

3

1

7

41

-

-

1

3

-

-

1

7

2
29

3
3

33
33
33

38

121
10
111

3

27
27
27

34

89

122
26
96
43
41

_
-

1

2
-

18

82

170

182

1

2

2

16

5
77

2
168

175

141
9
132

2
161

78

38
-

4

1

7

*

•

-

“

l

2

15

74

154

-

-

_
-

6
-

7

1

24
6

6

6

18

27
17
3

12
3
9
3

8
8
1

7
7

1

21
20
10

116
112
1

52
52
43

22
22
6

*

4

3

4

2

7

10

2

-

29
4
25

44

-

-

91
71
48
13
7

18

3

-

217
101
116
83
11
5
15

5

-

3
3

186
73
113
42
16
22
30

4

1

-

280
70
210
78
22
26
74

-

-

-

398
149
249
88
32
16
98

5
1

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

230

3
3
”

“

4
-

-

220

“

-

*

-

146.00-177.00
151.00-180.00
145.00-172.50
164.50-202.00
153.00-188.00
141.50-168.00
141.50-162.50

' -

16
94

210

4
4
-

-

-

-

-

2
38

190

200

44

6 at $250 to $260; 4 at $260 to $270; 3 at $270 to $280; 6 at $280 to $290; and 2 at $290 to $300.

6

7

3

6

6

4
13

30
22
6
i

20

6

—
i

20
5
15
15
-

240

69

11

25 0

over

15

38
5
33
26
3
i
3

2

11

58
49

5
3
5

i
-

-

*21
20
10
1

8

13

10
1
2

2

6
6

*

i

5
5
5

14

49

8

3

17

1

2

-

13
4
—

47
43
-

5
-

9
5
-

8

3

-

2

2

9

14
9
5
5
-

?

7
3
4
4
-

2
7
4
3
-

.

2

-

~

9

3

47
20
3
6

15
6
4

56
29
27
8
16

1

7

_

18

7

-

-

-

-

1
1

7
6

-

18
18

7
7

-

_

-

_

“

“

22
14

_
-

_

_

-

-

-

2

2

28
7
21
21
-

4
4
4

8

81
2
79
79
-

_

1

34
25
9
-

-

-

-

-

28
19
9

17
3
14
12

15
2
13
13

9

8

i
i
i

-

-

-

-

4
4

4
1

1

-

3

1

7

8
4

-

51
51
-

2

-

7
7

8
8

30
5
25
25
“

3
3
3
“

_
_

1
14

-

A

-

“

—

13
T a b le A-1a. O ffic e occupation s—large establishm ents: W e e k ly e a r n in g s -----Continued
(A verage straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations in establishments employing 500 workers or m ore by industry division*
San I ’raiw iscs Oakland, C a lif., March 1973
Weekly earnings 1

Number o f w orkers re ceivin g straight-tim e weekly earnings of—
S

60

weekly

CX'cufSili.m ami industry ti
l

tiUlhhiil)

t

M
ean *

Median ^

Middle range£

S

*

i

I

85

90

95

100

105

90

95

100

105

110

$
S
S
s
S
110 120 130 160 150

t

t

t

t

»

S

$

$
$
t
2 30 260 250

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

210

220

230

260

—
*

-

-

-

-

e»
-

~

*

—
-

-

3
3
—
-

—
•
-

•
•

-

w
.

—

•

•

and
under
85

and
1?0

139

160

150

160

170

159

190

200

1
1

5
6

7

io

10

8
8

3
3

15
It

2

6

2

6
8

8
8
-

21
19
*

7
5
-

10
10
*

4
6
*

11
It
11

1
1
1

12
12
8
i

•
*

6

10
1
9
9

3

11

18

_

3
3

11
7

18
2

-

250 over

MEN AND WOMEN C0MB1NE0-C0NTINUE0

TAkbiAirAG-kACMlNE CPPRATURS,
--------— — - ----------- ~
C t ASS «

NUNMANUEAC TCPING-----------------

51

$
$
$
$
39.5 158.50 155.00 162.00-176.50
39.5 158.50 156.00 162.50-173.00

TXANSCRtBlNG-MACHlNt OPERATORS-,
GENERAL - — ------- ---- — — ---- —
nonmanueacturing - — — --------PUBLIC UTILITIE S --------------

60
76
30

38.0 163.00 136.50 117.00-160.00
38.0 166.00 136.50 117.0 0 -1 6 6 .0 0
38.0 179.50 195.50 157.50-198.00

-

IY PIS TS . CLASS A ---------------------MANUFACTURING----------------NCMMANUFAC TURING----------------PUBLIC U TILITIES -------------FINANCE ---- * ----------------------

786
125
659
51
557

39.5
39.0
39.5
39.5
39.5

121.50
135.00
118.50
168.00
116.00

118.00
133.50
116.00
139.00
113.00

108.00-132.00
123.50-162.50
106.00-127.50
129.50-156.00
106.50-120.50

TYPISTS. CLASS 8 ---------------------MANUFACTURING ----------- — ------NCNMAM1FACIURING---------------PUBLIC U T IL I T IE S -----------—
F I NANCE - — — ------- -------------

697
83
616
80
627

39.0
39.0
39.5
39.5
39.5

116.00
115.00
116.00
168.00
103.00

108.00 99.00-121.00
116.00 109.50-119.00
106.00 98.00-121.50
167.00 139.00-153.00
101.50 96.00-108.50

See footnotes at end of tables.




57

—

-

•
—

—

—
*

-

-

*

*

•
“

1
1
1

5
5
5

50
50
50

99
2
97
97

75
75
75

206
15
191
1
186

136
36
100
13
82

87
23
13
37

91
60
51
7
23

-

4
6
4

94
92
89

96
3
93
90

113
10
103
98

71
7
66
59

137
67
9C
5
56

73
7
66
7
28

26
3
23
10
4

39
3
36
35
l

2

66

—
-

—
-

18
18
18

•

9

•
—
-

2
—
2
-

8
8
8

•
•

-

2

3
1
2

-

_

2

2

14
T a b le A -2 . P ro fe ss io n a l and technical occupations: W e e k l y e a r n in g s
(Av-r.ign straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry divisions, San Francisco—
Oakland, Calif., March 1973)
W eekly earnings *
(standard)
Num ber
of

A verage
w eekly
h ou rs1
(standard)

Number of workers receiving straight-tim e weekly earnings of—
*

t

(

t

t

%

$

t

t

*

*

*

t

*

t

*

*

t

S
*
360 380

M ean *

M e d ia n *

M iddle ra n g e *

130

190

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

290

260

280

300

320

390

130

< . upation and industry division

190

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

290

260

2 80

300

320

390

360

380

-

-

27
10
17
11

22
2
19

4ft
21
27
13

91
11
30
15
12

22
13
9
2
5

39
29
15
10
3

25
2
23
5
2

29
29
8
1

2
1
1
“

2
2
-

1
1
-

-

-

11
1
10

31

-

*

“

*

12
4
8
3
4

37
10
27
10
7

98
2
96
50
17

10
6
9
9

12
2
10
10

1
1
-

1
1
-

_
-

-

-

-

5
4
i
-

10
1
9
i

4
i
3
1
l

5
2
3
1

68
19
99
3
32

109
39
75
18
93

62
11
51
12
29

90
11
79
25
30

117
19
98
27
55

99
25
29
19

5
2
3
1
2

16
5
11
10
1

93
10
33
2
7
17

27
37
28
9
1
4

120
Under
t
and
120 under

900

M
EN ANO W EN COM01NEO
OM
ClMPUTtR OPERATORS, CLASS A ------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING -----------------—■
PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------FINANCE -------------------------------

305
95
210
92
78

39.5
29.5
39.5
90.0
39.0

$
202.50
206.00
201.00
221.00
190.00

$
200.50
203.50
199.50
226.00
188.50

$
$
182.00-223.50
191.00-221.50
177.00-228.50
203.00-238.00
173.50-205.00

“

3

32
32
19

CUMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B -----MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S --------- ------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------FINANCE -------------------------------

521
150
371
127
51
85

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
90.0
39.0

185.00
181.00
187.00
202.50
189.00
162.50

178.00
176.50
181.00
220.00
209.00
162.50

162.00-219.00
167.50-195.00
160.50-221.00
179.00-223.50
199.50-221.50
156.00-171.00

*

1
1
-

16
2
19
3
7

51
19
37
11
6

95
9
36
6
3
22

79
19
55
19
3
28

90
50
90
19
13

31
16
15
3
2
4

92
19
28
8
i
5

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C ------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------

119
83

39.0 196.50 198.00 129.50-160.50
39.0 196.00 199.50 133.50-160.00

9
9

27
15

7
6

25
23

26
15

19
11

9
9

i

1

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A --------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------— ---------PUBLIC U TILITIE S ---------------FINANCE -------------------------------

299
B1
218
93
122

39.5
90.0
39.0
39.5
38.5

270.00
268.00
271.00
283.00
272.00

271.00
271.50
270.50
280.00
269.00

253.50-287.00
252.50-282.50
259.50-288.00
270.00-297.50
256.00-289.00

-

-

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B --------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------- -----PUBLIC UTILITIE S ---------------FINANCE -------------------------------

999
101
393
96
165

39.0
39.5
39.0
90.0
38.5

211.00-295.00
212.00-261.00
211.00-293.00
226.00-299.50
216.00-295.50

_
-

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C ----------- ---------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------

160
159

39.5 193.00 197.00 181.50-207.50
39.5 193.00 197.00 181.00-207.00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A --------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING----------------- PUBLIC UTILITIE S ---------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------FINANCE -------------------------------

919
139
280
38
62
89

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.0
90.0
38.5

317.00
319.00
316.00
329.00
298.00
301.50

316.00
323.00
315.00
309.00
309.00
300.00

291.00-395.50
302.50-390.00
288.00-396.50
288.50-376.00
279.00-321.00
289.00-318.00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B --------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------ -----PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ------- •
-------FINANCE -------------------------------

379
159
215
99
73

39.5
39.5
39.5
90.0
39.0

261.50
279.00
252.00
299.00
257.00

260.00
273.50
253.00
296.00
255.00

237.50-278.50
295.00-3(09.00
233.00-268.00
231.50-265.50
235.50-273.00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C --------------------NONMANUFACTURING----------- -------

92
57

39.5 228.00 231.50 209.00-259.50
39.5 209.50 209.00 190.00-232.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ------------------- ~
MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------ ------

503
286
217

90.0 232.00 293.50 203.50-256.50
90.0 215.50 209.50 188.50-295.50
90.0 253.50 299.50 295.50-271.50

-

_

229.00
239.50
227.50
236.50
230.00

231.00
233.50
230.50
236.50
233.00

__________ 1
_____

See footnotes at end of tables.




-

9

_
-

-

.
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“
_

7

7

3
3

“

11
11
3
“

15
1
19
7

22
11
11
2
8

68
12
56
3
18

69
15
59
13
21

98
5
93
8
17

21
20

5
5

29
23

29
28

36
36

28
25

_

_

-

-

“

-

*

-

-

-

-

*

"

“

.

.

.
•

-

-

-

-

39
8
26
8
15

2
1
1
1
“

“

“

*

“

-

-

-

“

-

-

""
3
3

7

18
5
13
5
1

29
5
29
6
9

51
17
39
6
17

87
25
62
18
19

98
33
65
11
22

79
12
67
19
13

88
35
5?
5
16
29

79
39
35
4
19

59
19
90

7

7

1

31

17
15

3

_

2

26
5
1
4

2

*

37
11
26
11

1
1

2

2
15
-

2

2
-

17

-

-

-

-

*

5
3

6
6

10
7

17
10

6

_

_

1

17
16

15

*

8
7

1

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

9
9

27
27

39
39

31
29
7

53
95
8

27
25
2

30
13
17

22
12
10

191
69
77

103
27
76

13

7

-

-

-

-

7
*

_
-

7
7

1
1

-

-

—
-

6
6

-

-

13

7

_

15
T a b le A - 2 . P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s :

W e e k l y e a r n i n g s ---- C o n t i n u e d

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s b y indus t r y di
W eekly earnings 1
(standard)

O c c u p a t i o n a n d i n d u s t r y divisi

%

(standard)

Under
M ean *

M edian *

Calif., M a r c h

1973)

Number o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s o f —

A ve n p n
w eekly

of

San Francisco— Oakland,

M iddle r a n g e *

i
12C

120

$
130

%

i

*

s

s

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

s
230

160

17C

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

22
21
1

A1

58
57
1

AA
32
12
7

75
A9
26
2

53

55
3
52
26

71

21
-

-

2
2

-

12

-

-

-

21
20

-

-

-

-

10

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

19
2
17

22 8
219

41

24

106

33

22

14
14

$

1

1A0

150

150

11
10
1

*

S

S

S

s

s

S

t

$

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

* » 00

and
under
130

140

HEN AND W EN COMOINEO —
OM
CONTINUED
$
194.00
179.00
211.50
221.00

$

$

196.00
176.50
214.50
221.50

173.00-216.00
165.00-196.00
201.50-223.00
213.50-234.00

$

DRAFTSMEN. CLASS B ------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------NCNMANUFACTOR IN G ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------

482
261
221
103

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

CRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------

219
100
119

40.0 160.00 166.00 142.00-176.50
40.0 148.00 141.00 130.00-169.00
40.0 169.50 168.50 158.50-185.00

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS --------------------

59

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS ----------MANUFACTURING ---------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------

785
543
242
182

204.00-264.50
189.00-22C.00
260.50-297.00
267.00-297.50

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL lREG I STEREO)
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

128
78
50

39.5 196.50 194.00 183.50-211.00
39.5 199.50 193.00 183.50-218.00
39.5 191.50 196.00 184.50-205.00

_

_

_

-

-

-




-

”

-

8
7

23
22
1

22
15
7

19
19

1

19
18
1

O
o
*

See footnotes at end of tables.

-

“

135.00 129.50 126.50-145.50

-

33

11

9

39.5
40.0
39.0
38.5

227.50
210.50
266 .CO
281.00

_

_

-

-

-

-

36
35
1

218.50
216.50
269.00
295.50

1
1

30
11

25
2
23

52
14
38

24
10
14

25
10
15

A

-

*

9
8

27
20
7

52
A9
3

7

59

32

10
9

-

-

-

2

31
31

2fc
27

-

1
1

1
12
5
7

A
3
1

39

27
12

2
2

_

_

_

99
96

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

21
12
9
A

A6

9

8

2

54
45
9

-

-

2

"

2

85
78

25
13

13

12

12
12

3

12

9

6
A
2

37
9

A

8

2
1

96

11

7

-

16
T a b le A -2 a .

P r o fe s s io n a l a n d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —la rg e e s ta b lis h m e n ts :

W e e k ly e a rn in g s

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations in establishments employing 500 workers or more by industry division, San Francisco—
Oakland, Calif,, March 1973)
W eekly earnings 1
(standard)

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
150

(standard )

160

170

180

190

200

$
*
*
210 220 230
240

160

O ccu pation and in d u stry d iv ision

N um ber
of

S

170

180

190

200

210

220 230

4
1
3
3

8
8
-

10
10
7

31
9
22
2
14

40
20
20
13

36
11
25
15
8

9
9
2
5

29
9
20
15

48
10
38
3
22

49
27
22
8
13

26
11
15
3
4

19
4
15
8
5

12
4
8
3

19

11

2

1

1
5
1

$

A v e rage
w eek ly
M ean t

M e d ian *

MEN ANO WOMEN COMBI NED !

M iddle ran ged

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
39.0

209.50
203.00
221.00
196.00

201.50
203.00
201.00
226.00
196.00

CO MP UT E R O P E R A T O R S ! C L A S S B -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------N ON M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------F I N A N C E ----------------------------------------------

289
79
210
85
65

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
39.0

184.50
178.50
186.50
209.50
165.50

177.50
173.50
182.50
221.00
164.00

o

Ul

I

18
4

14

38.5 150.00 149.50 141.50-159.50

C --------------

70

COM PUT E R P R O G R A M E R S ,
B U S I N E S S ! C L A S S A --------------------------------N ON M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------F I N A N C E ----------------------------------------------

191
151
43
92

39.0
39.0
39.5
38.5

275.50
277.50
283.00
277.00

278.00
279.00
280.00
278.50

CO MP UT E R P R O G R A M E R S i
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S B --------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------F I N A N C E ----------------------------------------------

288
249
92
139

39.0
39.0
40.0
38.5

233.00
233.50
236.50
232.00

234.50
235.50
238.00
234.00

217.00-249.50
218.50-249.50
225.00-250.00
217 .50-24 9.00

CO M PU TE R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S ,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S A --------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------N ON M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------F I N A N C E ----------------------------------------------

210
83
127
27
, 83

39.0
39.0
39.0
39.5
38.5

309.00
315.00
305.00
301.00
304.00

307.00
315.00
301.00
296.50
304.00

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
39.0

266.00
275.00
255.00
249.00
260.00

262.50
274.00
250.50
246.00
259.50

242.00-288.50
247.50-304.50
237.50-270.50
231.50-265.50
244 .50-27 4.00

-

OPERATORS!

CLASS

C OM P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S ,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S B --------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------

CO M PU TE R S Y S T E M S
B U SIN E SS, CLASS

"
*

*

-

-

39.5 244.50 244.00 230.50-266.50

-

-

-

D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S A --------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------

40.0 230.00 241.50 197.50-249.50
39.5 212.00 202.50 182 .00-245.50
40.0 249.00 248.00 233 .00-27 0.50

.
-

-

-

D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S B --------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------

238
89
149
103

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

186.00-222.50
152.50-203.50
204 .00-22 4.50
213.50-234.00

DRAFTSMEN,

C ---------------------------------

112

40.0 170.00 172.50 156.00-187.00

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------

502
371
131
80

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

N U R S E S , I N D U S T R I A L ( R E G I S T E R E D -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------

101
56

39.5 200.00 198.00 186.50-214.50
39.5 207.00 204.00 191.00-230.50

See footnotes at end of tables.




213.00
200.50
249.00
266.50

217.00
216.00
265.50
267.00

187 .00-240.00
180 .50-218.50
237 .50-26 8.00
265 .00-26 9.00

8

*

320

340

360

380

340

360

380

400

—
—
“

—
—
*

-

-

-

_

260

280

300

320

39
24
15
10
3

12
2
10
5
2

11
—
11
8
1

1
1
-

2
2
•

1
1
—

20
20
10

55
2
53
50

2
2

2
2

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

_
—

3
2
1

3
2
1
1

4
2
1

29
23
3
17

57
49
18
28

55
46
12
29

33
25
8
15

2
1
1
*

“

*

”

—
*

4
4
3
*

5
4
3

12
11
2
8

27
19
3
14

35
29
13
14

29
25
8
17

53
49
21
26

89
81
27
48

29
24
14
7

5
3
1
2

_

_

—
-

-

—
-

56

51
15

*
-

-

-

6
6
-

-

“
4

1

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
3
10
6
4

37
17
20
6
10

68
25
43
18
19

14
27

5

31
18
13
4

29

-

—
“

-

7

69
33
36
11
22

36
28
8
1
4

31
26
5
1
4

17
15
2
-

3
2
1
1

2

*

12

36

11
2

_

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

1

3

4

5

9

17

15

6

-

-

-

-

4
4
“

15
15

20
20

8
6
2

20
10
10

76
29
47

32
14
18

13
-

7
-

_

-

-

.
-

-

-

*

15
7
8

10
-

*

25
18
7

_

-

6
6

13

7

*

*

*

*

9
5
4

24
12
12
7

13
4
9
2

37
21
16
7

37
3
34
26

45
4
41
32

21

9

.

•

-

-

-

-

9
9

-

-

-

-

-

21
20

2
2
-

-

-

-

“

*

“

*

*

.

•
-

-

-

*

“

*

•

•

*

*

*

10

16
15
1
*

*

8
7
1
*

7

24

14

23

19

34
33
1

31
31
*

9
8
1

27
20
7

49
49

10
5
5

8
2
6

190
184
6

9
3
6

10
8
2

33
24
9
2

89
4
85
78

3
-

•
-

3

“

-

1
-

1
"

9
2

4
3

20
8

20
13

13
4

12
8

6
4

12
12

3
2

-

-

-

-

19

“

-

-

-

*

1

-

12
5
7
5
1

-

-

*

-

-

3
3

-

13

2
11

62

CLASS

t

300

16

251
129
122

208.00
183.50
219.00
221.50

t

280

10

ANALYSTS,
C ---------------------------------

201.50
179.50
214.50
221.00

$

260

240

287 .00-33 2.00
288.00-342.50
286.50-319.50
285 .00-31 5.00
288 .00-31 8.50

289
157
132
49
66

-

261.50-294.00
264.50-294.00
270.00-297.50
263.00-293.50

COM PUT E R

*

t

26

163.00-212.50
165 .00-183.50
163 .00-220.00
199.50-223.00
157.50-173.00

O

204
71
133
42
56

«

and
under

$
$
189.50-223.00
192.50-223.00
185 .00-224.50
203.00-238.00
183 .50-207.00

v/t

C O M P UT E R O P E R A T O R S ! C L A S S A -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------N ON M AN U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------F I N A N C E ---------------------------------------------

t

»

11
10
1

-

-

-

“

-

-

•

17
T a b le A -3 .

O ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, a n d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s :

A v e ra g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s , by sex

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, San Francisco—
Oakland, Calif., March 1973}
Average

Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
worken

Weekly
(standard]

O FFICE

OCCUPATIONS

-

MENI

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S A -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------N O N M A N U F AC TU R I NG ------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------W H OL ES AL E TR ADE ----------------------------C L E R K S , A CCO U N T IN G ,
N O N M A NU F AC TU R I NG

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

1 8 5 .0 0
2 0 0 .5 0
2 0 4 .5 0

Weekly
earnings *
(standard)

Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

standard)

Weekly
earnings*
(standard)

P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------W H O L ES A L E T RA DE --------------------------R E T A I L T R A DE ---------------------------------F I N A N C E --------------------------------------------

1,623
359
1,264
236
208
119
488

39.0
39.5
38.5
39.0
39.5
39.0
38.5

178.00
193.00
174.00
188.50
181.00
165.00
171.50

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------N ON M AN U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------WH O L E SA L E TR A DE ---------------------------R E T A I L TR ADE ---------------------------------F I N A N C E --------------------------------------------

2,616
830
1,786
294
335
125
856

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.5
39.5
39.5
39.0

161.50
166.50
159.50
175.00
165.CO
162.00
151.50

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S 0 ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------N O N M A N U FA CT U RI N G -----------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------------WH O L E SA L E T R A D E ---------------------------R E T A I L T R A DE ---------------------------------F I N A N C E ---------------------------------------------

2,577
655
1,922
244
546
132
683

39.0
40.0
39.0
39.5
38.5
39.5
38.5

148.00
148.00
148.50
192.50
145.00
150.00
137.50

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G E N E R A L ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------N ON M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------F I N A N C E --------------------------------------------

764
189
575
172
327

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
39.0

129.00
129.00
129.00
155.50
116.50

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , S E N I O R ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E --------------------------R E T A I L TR A DE ---------------------------------F I N A N C E --------------------------------------------

1,820
406
1,414
179
233
50
674

39.0
39.0
39.0
39.5
39.5
39.0
39.5

147.00
152.50
145.50
192.00
146.00
138.50
136.00

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------F I N A N C E --------------------------------------------

347
87
260
78
118

39.0
38.5
39.0
39.5
38.0

144.50
154.00
141.00
182.00
124.00

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B -----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------R E T A I L TR A DE ---------------------------------F I N A N C E --------------------------------------------

559
530
27
98
83

38.5
38.5
39.5
40.0
39.5

122.50
120.50
154.00
124.00
118.00

SWITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T S
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------W H O L ES A L E TR A OE --------------------------F I N A N C E --------------------------------------------

754
234
520
57
222
136

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.0
39.0
38.5

133.50
131.50
134.50
193.00
127.50
117.00

O F F I C E OCCUPATIONS
WOMEN— C O N T I N U E D

-

Number
of
workers

Weekly

-

$ 8 2 .0 0
1

210
60
66

Weekly
(standard)

O F F I C E OCCUPATIONS
WOMEN— C O N T I N U E D
337
127

Number
of
workers

1 7 7 .5 0

C L A S S B --------------------------------------------

149

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 6 4 .5 0

C L E R K S , O RDE R -------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F AC TU R I NG ------------------------------WH O L E SA L E TR A DE -----------------------------

162
143

4 0 .0

1 7 9 .5 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 7 9 .5 0

C L E R K S , P A Y R O L L --------------------------------------N ON M AN U FA CT U RI NG
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------

94

3 9 .5

1 7 8 .5 0

25

3 9 .0

595
418

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

28
241

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

1 1 0 .5 0
1 0 6 .5 0
1 3 4 .0 0

118.50 S E C R E T A R I E S - C O N T I N U E D
116.50
176.00
S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S B ----------------------114.50
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------104.00
N ON M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S C --------------------------N ON M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------F I N A N C E ----------------------------------------------

849
813
526

38.5 100.50
38.5 101.00
38.0
94.00

C L E R K S , O R DE R ------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------N ON M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------W H O L ES A L E T R A DE -----------------------------

424
160
264
219

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5

148.50
154.00
145.50
143.00

C L E R K S , P A Y R O L L --------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------N ON M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------W H O L ES A L E T R A DE ----------------------------R E T A I L T R A DE -----------------------------------

594
219
375
113
60
117

39.0
39.5
39.0
38.5
39.5
39.5

163.00
160.00
164.50
202.50
158.50
149.50

K E YP U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------N ON M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------W H O L ES A L E T RA DE ----------------------------R E T A I L T RA DE ----------------------------------F I N A N C E ----------------------------------------------

1,806
436
1,370
186
138
91
633

39.0
39.5
39.0
40.0
39.0
39.0
39.0

151.00
146.50
152.50
186.00
149.50
144.50
146.00

K E Y PU N CH O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------N ON M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------W H O L ES A L E T R A D E ----------------------------R E T A I L T R A D E ----------------------------------F I N A N C E ----------------------------------------------

1,659
207
1,452
601
176
149
396

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
38.5

144.00
139.50
144.50
167.00
140.00
135.00
119.50

M E S S E N G E R S ( O F F I C E G I R L S ) -----------------N ON M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------F I N A N C E ----------------------------------------------

257
211
31
103

S E C R E T A R I E S -----------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------N ON M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A DE ----------------------------R E T A I L T R A DE ----------------------------------F I N A N C E ----------------------------------------------

7,294
2,020
5,274
832
1,118
425
2,123

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.5
39.0
39.5
38.5

162.00
166.00
161.00
187.50
159.00
161.00
153.00

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S A ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------F I N A N C E ----------------------------------------------

422
125
297
53
96

39.0
39.0
38.5
38.5
39.0

187.50
178.50
191.50
226.00
180.50

2 0 2 .0 0

M E S S E N G E R S ( O F F I C E B C Y S 1 -------------------N O N M A N U F AC TU R I NG ------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------F I N A N C E ---------------------------------------------

39.0
39.0
39.5
39.0
38.5

1 7 9 .5 0

143

785
702
77
51
437

1 6 1 .5 0

100

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S B --------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------R E T A I L T R A D E ----------------------------------F I N A N C E ----------------------------------------------

OFFICE

OCCUPATIONS

-

1 0 4 .5 0

WCMEN

B I L L E R S , M AC HI NE ( B I L L I N G
M A CH I NE I ---------------------------------------------------N ON M AN U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------

99
87

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 3 8 .5 0

A ----------------------------------

109

N ON M AN U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------

93

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

1 5 3 .0 0
1 5 2 .5 0

1 2 9 .5 0

117
55

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S A -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------N ON M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------W H O L ES A L E T R A DE ----------------------------R E T A I L T R A DE ----------------------------------F I N A N C E ----------------------------------------------

1 ,6 4 1
676
965

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

302
154

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S B -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------N ON M AN U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------W H O L ES A L E TR ADE ----------------------------R E T A I L T R A DE ----------------------------------F I N A N C E ----------------------------------------------

2 ,4 7 4

3 9 .0

1 4 0 .0 0

506

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 3 9 .5 0
1 4 0 .5 0

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S A --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------N ON M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------F I N A N C E ----------------------------------------------

B O O K K E EP IN G -M A C H IN E

CLASS

OPERATORS,

B O O K K E EP IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R S ,
C L A S S B -----------------------------------------------------N ON M AN U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------W H OL ES AL E T R A D E -----------------------------

See footnote at end of tables




1 3 6 .0 0

149

105
308

1 ,9 6 8
698

1 3 0 .5 0
1 3 1 .0 0
1 6 2 .5 0
1 6 0 .5 0
1 6 4 .0 0
1 9 4 .0 0
1 5 3 .0 0
1 6 1 .0 0
1 4 4 .0 0

4 0 .0

1 5 8 .5 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 4 8 .5 0
1 3 1 .5 0

3 8 .0

1 1 7 .5 0

262
54

3 8 .5
3 9 .0

1 3 3 .0 0

208

3 8 .0

1 3 4 .0 0

112

3 8 .5

1 2 7 .5 0

390
335
374

1 3 0 .0 0

39.0 108.50
39.0 107.50
37.5 132.00
98.50
39.0

18
T a b le A -3 .

O ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, a nd te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s :

A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s , b y s e x -----C o n t i n u e d

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, San Francisco—
Oakland, Calif., March 1973)

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

WUME

W eekly
earnings1
(standard)

\

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS — CU NT I U lt D

TRANSCRIBING-HACHINE OPERATORS,

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

37.0 128.50

197

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - HEN— CONTINUED

MANUFACTURING

—
——
—————
——

234
74
160

$
39.5 269.00
40.0 268.00
39.0

38.5 125.50
138.00
38.5 124.00
39.5 161.00
37.0 128.00
39.0 116.50

COMPUTER PR0GRAMERS,
BUSINESS* CLASS B ———— — ——— — ——
—
MANUFACTURING ——— — —— — —
—
NONMANUFACTURING
—
—

1,814
158
1,656
80
50

38.5 110.00
114.00
38.5 110.00
39.5 148.00
119.50
38.0 105.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS 8

------------------------------------

461

$
40.0 194.00
40.0
"X X
40.0 223*00

rUtJL 1w U 1 1L 1 1i t j

159 50
MANUFACTURING — — — — — — — — —
— — — — — — — — —
148.50
NONMANUFACTURING — — — — — — —
40.0
1 tLHN 1 L 1 A N j

^0 0 210.50
39*0

38.5 226.50
40.0 238.50
38*5 228*50
192.00

PROFESSIONAL AN0 TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - W EN
OM

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
MANUFACTURING — — —
— — —

—

— — —
—

DOT
132

33 39.5 319.50 COMPUTER OPERATORS* CLASS 0
325*00

59

193
35
75

202.50
205.50
201.00
40.0 225.00
39.0 190.50

387

39.5 186.00
38.5 195.00
39.0 163.50

99
63

39.0 148.00
39.0 148.00

FINANCE

40*0

79

38.5 301.50

39.5 184.50

276
68
T6i




Weekly
earnings*
(standard)

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - M
EN

See footnote at end of tables.

standard)

t L t l 1 KUNlto
291
60

FINANCE

1 KAUL

Weekly

inn

B5

1,554
190
1,364
55
347
828

KMJL j ALL
l

Number
of
workers

37.5

o I*n

n A IN r AL 1 UKi no
U

Sex, occupation, and industry division

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN- -CONTINUED

COMPUTER PR0GRAMERS,
372

u 1NL KA L
.

Average

Average

Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

300.50

65
jQ

39.0 275.00
39.0 tTO.OO

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,

1r f

n
-0
___ *
39*0
73 3 * O
O
2

50

MANUF ACTURING — — — — — — — — —
— — — — — — — — —

247.00
39.5 243.50

BUSINESS* CLASS 8
39.0
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS* CLASS B — —
—— ——— —

BUSINESS* CLASS C
285
NONMANUFACTURING — — — —
———— ———
—

!J

196.00
39.5 199.50
191.50

T a b le A - 3 a . O ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, a n d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —la rg e e s ta b lis h m e n ts :
A v e ra g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s , by sex
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations in establishments employing 500 workers or more by industry division,
San Francisco Oakland, Calif., March 1973)
Average

Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of

Weekly

Weekly

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num
ber
of

h rs * earnings *
ou
(standard) (standard)
OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - M
EN
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S ------------------—

161
90
71

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

$
1 8 7 .0 0
1 8 1 .5 0
1 9 5 .0 0

55

3 9 .5

117
80

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 7 0 .0 0
1 7 3 .5 0

MESSENGERS (OFFICE BCVSI ---------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S --------------------FINANCE ------------------------------------

195

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

163
28

3 9 .0

120

3 9 .5

1,009
PANUrAt 1UK INo

1

1 77

atn
an n i f
nn
O n i an en
rt
an A i i a ' nn
126*00

1 0 3 .0 0

nt j otNotK j l l l r r l t t ulKL j 1
Nl/i,SAiHUi Av 1UK 1Nv

660
350
320
160
75

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

55

3 9 .0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S --------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------FINANC E-------------------------- ;---------

1 ,5 5 1
279

CLERKS, FILE , CLASS A --------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------FINANCE ----------- -------------------------

118
79

i I n 'n fl

3,569

39.5 165.50

i *

CO
O

37*5 165.50
39.5

226
1,156

39.5
39.5 153.50

1 3 9 .0 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 7 0 .5 0
1 6 8 .0 0
1 7 3 .5 0
1 9 2 .0 0
1 6 1 .0 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
5 0 .0

1 5 1 .5 0
1 5 6 .0 0
1 5 8 .5 0

70

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 3 1 .5 0

3 8 .0

67

1 3 2 .5 0
1 3 2 .0 0
1 2 3 .5 0

CLERKS, FILE , CLASS B --------------------NGNMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S --------------------FINANCE ------------------------------------

500

3 9 .5

1 2 2 .0 0

367
77
220

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 2 2 .5 0
1 7 6 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0

CLERKS, FILE , CLASS C --------------------NONMANUEACTURING -----------------------FINANCE ------------------------------------

207
207
165

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 0 8 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0
9 8 .0 0

CLERKS, ORDER ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

81

5 0 .0

1 5 5 .0 0

55

5 0 .0

1 5 9 .5 0

316
91
225

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 6 5 .0 0
1 6 5 .5 0

92
63

3 8 .5
5 0 .0

1 9 9 .5 0
1 5 3 .0 0

182
67
115

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -----NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------

25*1

SWITCHBOARO OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

56

59i
239
63

39.0
38.5
39.0
39.0

15 2 .5C
158.50
155.00
178.00

39.0 129.50
39.0 128.00
60.0 129.50

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------PUBLIC UTILITIE S ---------------

158.00

3 9 .5

TYPISTS, CLASS A ------------------------ ----MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NGNMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S --------------------FINANCE ------------------------------------

!

78!
75
30
775
125

I

38.0 155.00
3 8 .0 !1 5 5 .O
C
3 8 .0:179 .50

121.00

39.5
39.0
39.5
39.5
39.5

135.00
118.50
!159.00
115.00

39.0
39.0
39.5
39.5
39.5

115.00
115.00
115.00
158.00
103.00

39.5
39.0
39.5
50.0
39.0

206.00

33
56

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.0
39.0

179.00
179.50
179.CO
203.50
167.00

56

3 8 .5

1 5 1 .0 0

137

39.5
39.0
39.5
39.0

2 7 5 .5 0

199

3 9 .5

2 3 3 .0 0

171

3 9 .5
5 0 .0
3 9 .0

2 3 3 .0 0

659

56
555

1 2 1 .0 0

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A -----MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S ---------------------

10/

1 5 7 .0 0

256
95

FINANCE ------------------------------------

1 5 5 .0 0

1 ,1 7 2
680

Weekly
earnings *
(standard)

103*00
at vK t 1AK11 j

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - W EN
CM
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------- -----PUBLIC U TILITIE S --------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------FINANCE ------------------------------------

Weekly

[stan
dard)

$

200
1 1 1 .5 0
1 0 9 .5 0
1 3 5 .0 0

Sex, occupation, and industry division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
W EN— CONTINUED
OM

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS W EN— CONTINUED
OM

2 1 0 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ----------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

W
eekly
W
eeklyh rs 1 earnings *
ou
(standard) (standard)

CLERKS, PAYROLL ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S --------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S --------------------RETAIL TRAOE ---------------------------FINANCE ------------------------------------

See footnote at end of tables,




39.0 230.50
jLLHt 1AKj1L uL.A j j u
f
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------

187.00
150
500

37*5
39.5

75
200

39.0 165.50
39.0 170..,0

1,399
04^
191
KL 1A 1L 1nflu L
SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 ------------------m an u fac tu rin g -----------------------------

71
558
1,365
556

*
3 •]!
3 •
xn * a
40 7
39.5

186.00

71
362

692

S3
609
80

525

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - M
EN

163.00
160**0
182.00
}I0 * ? 0
152.00

39.5 151.50
50.0 150.00
J

KL 1A i L 1It ftUL

TYPISTS, CLASS B ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S --------------------FINANCE ------------------------------------

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S --------------------FINANCE ------------------------------------

191

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S --------------------FINANCE ------------------------------------

211

39*0 137*50

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C

i i o * nn
fn n i J i 'n n
*!-«
/n n ,
40*0 116*00

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A -----------------------—
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S --------------------FINANCE ------------------------------------

39.5 163.50
50.0
rn
« . «
131*50

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S --------------FINANCE ------------------------------

68
123

35
53

69

152

210.00

203.50
225.00
196.50

1 6 5 .0 0

407
rUuL1U U1 1LI 1 I t j

1 ,0 0 5

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 5 1 .0 0
1 5 6 .0 0

125

5 0 .0

1 8 0 .5 0
1 5 5 .0 0

7?
7

1 5 9 .5 0

533

36
55

2 7 8 .0 0
2 8 1 .5 0
2 7 7 .5 0

1 5 2 .5 0

235

105

770
163
69
567

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

J *
^

60
95

2 3 8 .5 0
2 3 0 .5 0

20
T a b le A - 3 a . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s io n a l , a n d t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t i o n s —la r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s :
A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s , b y s e x ----- C o n t i n u e d
( A v e r a g e straight-time w e e k l y hours an d earnings
Sail F r a n c i s c o O a k l a n d , Calif,, M a r c h 1973)

of workers in selected occupations in establishments employing 500 workers or m o r e by industry division,

Average

Average
S e x , o c c u p a t i o n , a n d i n d u s t r y divis i o n

PROFESSIONAL
OCCUPATIONS LL* 1^I U T E ft

j

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours *
earnings1
(standard) (standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hour* *
(standard)

Weekly
earnings A
(standard)

Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

PROFESSIONAL ANO TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

PR OF ES SI ON AL ANO TECHNICAL
OC CUPATIONS - ME N — CO NTINUEO

ANO T E C H N I C A L
MEN— C O N T I N U E D

Y S T 1 . 1 -s ^ N A L Y ^
196

11^
25

ItLV

39*0 305.00
39*5 301.00

219

COMP UT ER PROGRAMERS,
60.0
182.00

■

___

COMP UT ER PROGRAMERS*
BUSINE S S f

C l ,A S 5

6

263
138
105
50

39.5 267.50
39.5 277.50
39.5 255.00
268.50
38.5 260.50

O U dlN tdO *
r
lT O .vO
t L t L 1K U N l v J

L L A jj

.

D

CLASS

C

See footnote at end of tables,




59

266.00

^^

N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG

1 c L r l N l U 1 AN j

39.5 20 6 . jO
-

BU SIN ESS*

Weekly
Weekly
hours1
eamings *
standard) (standard)

$

$

$
39.0 309.50,

Number
of
workers

21
T a b le A -4 .

M a in te n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a tio n s :

H o u rly e a rn in g s

(Average straight-time hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, San Francisco—
Oakland, Calif., March 1973)
Number of workers receiving straight -time hourly earnings of-

Hourly ea mings3

S e x , occupation, and industry division

i
»
»
t
t
t
i
*
*
»
*
Under4 * * 0 A . 30 A.AO A .50 A. 6 0 A .70 A . 80 A .90 5 . 00 5 .1 0 5 .2 0 5 . 3 0
2
*
and
4 . 2 0 under
t

Number
of
Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

A .30 A.A0 A . 50 A .60 A «7Q A ,80 A .90 5 .0 0 5 . 10 5 .2 0

5 .3 0

5 . A0

i
i
*
i
i
*
t
t
t
s
5 . A0 5 .6 0 5 .8 0 6.00 6.20 6. A0 6 . 6 0 6 .8 0 7 .0 0 7 .2 0

and
5 .6 0

5 .8 0 6.00 6.20 6 . A0 6 .6 0 6 . 8 0 7 .0 0 7 . 2 0

over

MEN
$

$

$
^

*

$

7 *?«

„
6 63

7a/
16'

5 03

66”
'

^ *7 6

5 .8 9

*5-1

6.10

5 . 3 2 - 6 .2 5
5 . 1 9 - 6 .1 7

5 .9 1

6* i °
6 *^ 7

6 . 1 1 - 6 .A 8

6 .1 9

6 .1 7

A .77

A .58

1- T
140

CO
A .75

53

5 .9 0

“ TO

6 .1 8

i
i

3A
28

30
30

29

20

36
36

120
28

6 17

lo 2 2

1

4 *^ °
/

• 0

A.A1

29

t*22
A .90
1A

16
W

85

14
1A

7
*

-

-

15

030

6 68

26

2A
2A

86
86

23
23

j Zz
133

0 «5 1

82
82

A .9 9 - 6 .3 0
A .9 8 - 6 .2 5

6 * 65

^ *44

, , n

5 .3 9

5 .2 4

5 .8 5
5 .8 5

A . 99

A .9 5 - 6 .1 0

301

6 66

6 *7 8

*
**
***
t

86

308

102

25

-

22
22

27
27

13

1A

2

2

27

113

102

30
30

92
92

28A
22A

74

20

8

A1

22

369

352

A1
23

22
12

362
284

352
352

10

2

64

A6

19

1A6
1A6

33

13
13

13
13

10

163
160




161
126
35
35

13
13

20

13
13

16
1A

11
11

8

69
69

19
19

5 .6 9

-

-

-

-

-

-

A8

90
90

26
26

-

-

44
44

2A

122

2A

118

-

-

-

12
12

73

12A
12A

18
18

213
125

88
88

72
72

36

73

3

-

27

27

30

36

i

***A 5

8

37

A0
A0
7

-

2

8

10

All workers were at $8 to $8.20.
Workers were distributed as follows: 1 at $3 to $3.10; 1 at $3.10 to $3.20; 2 at $3.20 to $3.30; 2 at $3.30 to $3.40; 1 at $3.40 to $3.50; 1 at $3.50 to $3.60; and 14 at $4 to $4.10.
All workers were at $7.60 to $7.80.
All workers were at $7.40 to $7.60.

See footnotes at end of tables.

172
13A
38

12
12

6 . 2 5 - 7 .0 3

89

373
SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE —

235
235

3

* .

6 30

6

13
13

6« 1

2z?

8

J?

e

112

10
8

72
72

6

28
28

2

6 78

*

318

3

1

A

6A
6A

6 .6 0

*

51
51

35
-

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
i

20
20

51

tf)

35

32
-

157
69

8
14
10

22
67

5 . 3 1 - 6 .3 3
5 . 2 8 - 6 .3 5

6 .0 A

12

119

88
13
13

2

-

5 .6 A - 6 .2 5

6.11

AA

60

A .A 6 - 5 .3 3

6.20

A5
13

19
25

4 V

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —

A3
A3

*

6 . 1 2 - 6 .3 5

285

8
8

15
15

38

J

38

6 . 2 2 - 6 .6 2

6 .1 9

1A
2

13

-

-

-

-

*20
20

t36

22
T a b le A -4 a .

M a in te n a n c e an d p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a tio n s —la rg e e s ta b lis h m e n ts :

H o u rly e a rn in g s

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of w o r k e r s in selected o c c u p a t i o n s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g 5 0 0 w o r k e r s o r m o r e b y i n d u s t r y division, S a n F r a n c i s c o — O a k l a n d ,

H
ourly ea ■ nings3
Sex,

occu pation, and in du stry d ivision

of
Mean2

Median2

Middle range

^

Under

i

6.20

Calil'., M a r c h

1973)

N u m b e r o f wo r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—
1
i
s
1
$
*
t
i
*
*
*
t
1
t
*
t
t
i
%
s
$
1
6.20 9.30 6.60 6.50 9.60 9.70 9.80 9.90 5 . 0 0 5.10 5 . 2 0 5.30 5 .90 5.60 5.80 6 .0 0 6.20 6.90 6.60 6.80 7 . 0 0 7 . 2 0
and
under

and

9.30 9.90 9.50 9.60 9.70 9.80 9.90 5.00

5 .1 0

5.20 5.30 5.90 5.60 5.8C 6.00 6.20 6.90 6.60 6.80

7 .0 0

7.20

over

HEN

$
SANUrAl lUKlNb

*79

5*83
CL Cv 1■»I v A i, j f FAI N9L1,Arlw
a
I
L

$

$

$

6*62

^*TC

CPERATORS,

TOOLROOM

—

'*9 0
6.16

5*63
6.26

^ #? «
6 *tl

5.61

1* 5?
MACH INE-TOO L

337
176

92

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------'---------

X* XO 9.91

5.90

6 .2 0

53

91
MECHANICS,

-*n
5.0 -

c* 00
5.82

99

5.99

5 .9 9

22

C*C9

22

1
1

3

2

5 .3 9 - 6.17
6 .2 1 - 6.62

-

1

-

-

-

-

j?

1

-

i-6

^*71

9.98

“
,f
16

5.69- 6.25

-

•3

19
2

w
J7
16

r?
zz
52
-

30
-

2

r9

*

19

-

28
6

66
13

106

ro

20

35
88

-

35

1

51

A96

6 *6 '

6*7 '

61

6*01
6.06

c* ?}
* .
6 6^

*
'3 ^

50

6 31
5.51

5.91
5.57

5 .0 0 - 5.69

el &

5.55

r l r t r I 1 1tH if nAI I 1CNANCt
N

239

.
A l l w o r k e r s w e n - .1! $ 8 t o > s . ’ 0.
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s **»1 o \ v s :

See footnote* at end of (.odes.




-

6*~5'

1 a t $ 3 Ic

5 * 66
6 .7 5

$ 3.10;

*

-

-

26

-

-

-

6

26

-

16

-

1

a!
23

-

3

19

2

2

76

-

-

-

2

-

8

**

1A
O
102

30

$ 3.10

to

10

19

6

ZU7

3
3

6

13
1
1

259

'6
J
6

$3.20 to $ 3. 30; 2

at

$ 5.

*0 to

3.40;

26

1 . 0 $ 3. 4 0 1 * $

1

4

118

0 ; 1 at

$ 3.50

10

to

$ i . f iO;

2

*

8

!

8

2 0 ; 2 at

8
2

1

1
3

$i

2

ftl
82

66

-

6 .2 7 - 6.83

1 at

-

??

*
6*60

5 .3 8 - 5.79

20
-

>5

.27

5 .3 9 - 7.02

*29

31

3
3

6

*

<ri

7
*

-

-

39
38
1

2
2

3
1

27

-

-

-

-

18

A U T OM OT I VE

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------r—

*

l

5 .1 9 - 5.76

5.59

66
3*4

289

23
_

66

31

-

60

126

2
2

3
22

1
1

40
58

10

a n d 14 a t $ 4 t.» $ 4 . 1 0 .

60

68

11

23
T a b l e A - 5 . C u s t o d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s : H o u r l y e a r n in g s
(Average

straight-time hourly earnings of w orkers in s e le ct ed o c c u p a t i o n s b y i n d u s t r y division, S a n F r a n c i s c o — O a k l a n d , Calif., M a r c h 1973)
Hourly ea mings5

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s re c e i v i n g st ra i g h t - t i m e h o u r y e a r n i n g s of—

Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

2.80

$
3.00

i
3.20

$
3 .60

$
3.60

$
3.80

4.00

i
6.20

$
4.40

S
6.60

$
4.80

*
5.00

t
5.20

*
5.60

$
5.60

t
5.80

$
6.09

i
6.20

i
6.43

$
6.60

$
6.80

2.80

S e x , oc c u p a t i o n , a n d i n d u s t r y division

$
2.60

Number
of

3.00

3.20

3.60

3 .60

3.80

6.00

6.20

6.60

6.60

6.80

5.00

5.20

5.60

5.60

5.80

6.00

6.20

6.60

6.60

6.80

over

355

133

51

669

355

133

34

-

-

-

103

-

Under
$
and
2.60 under

%

s

and

HEN
2,802
219
2,583

$
2.92
6.36
c.OO

6.19
2.61

’ 65
6.062.63-

3 3 *1282
6.86
3.28 1202

150

6.66

6.62

6.11-

6.91

69

NU FACT U RING

6.17

4.09

6.02-

6.81

7,125
995
6,130

3.77
6.15

3.93
6.23

3.693.88-

3.98
6.50

$

fr
5

6

7?

68

27
41

ir
22
-

60
15

36

335

172

75

i 3

H7
1 vJ

2

62

3

2

4C
3
57

GUARUS
27

30

*

3

3

hATCHHEN

JAMTGRS,

PuRTERS,

AN0

C L E A N E R S ----

•i
3

J ,3® 9

06

w

151

300

_FZ
13

, *^ ,
t 0

73

i
A16

79

6*^0

WHOLESALE

TRADE

-------------------

6.86
A

3ii
297

W M O L C ' A L " ^TIIAOC

An7

' L l

4.68
-

^*03
4.84

4.073.80—
4.094.64-

4.88
4.92
4.88
4.88

6.87-

5.37

A

OO

WHOLESALE

WHOLESALE

TRADE

TRADE

5 19
5.10

263
203
186

6.78
5.07
5.06

6.68

276
119
155
67
64

-------------------------

5 21
5.19

6.76
6.65

7
7f , 0 3
3*7^^
It 1 3 9
494

*

Workers

See

were

distributed a s follows:

footnotes at e n d of tables.




6.89
5.25
6.02
6.12
6.17
L* 15

54

^9

b8
262
ZZ

r8

-

-

-

-

i

i

i

i
T?
zj

ln^

1

i

-

*

2

-

-

7;

4 6*"
6.56-

"13
5.06

6.96-

1

2

1

6

1

6.616.136.696.695.00

-

5.08
6.87
5.16
5.01
5.62

5.855.176.186.225.916.03-

-

-

13

i

-

/^6
7_

3^7

32

**97
1 *V
12

26

106

-

J?7
1 JZ

90
98

391

-

2

-

-

84 3 4 0 1 1
132
354

314
40
2 74
2 18

/in
638

36

24

3**

110

36
560

51

196
196

110

17
17

Tn

*"n

70

-

100

64

56
3?

9'
51

64

20

20

-

90

16
16
29

33
2^
7

^5
1
2

6
1
1

6

56
1
1

8

1

53
29
fz
1^

FZ
1

,2
17

68
1

5

6

4
32
2^

2
2

5

128

1

l^Q
120

/
z9
36
17
F9

fz

15
13

at $ 2 . 4 0 to

29
2-8
r
IT

o

1

at $ 2 . 2 0 to $2 .40; a n d 7 2 9

23

10

38

to $2 .2 0; 2 0 1

-

27

26

638

i t

r?
*
68

21

i

6.28
6.17
6.29
6.29
6.27
6.29

$2; 6 2 at $ 2

T;
1 5

$2.60.

9

75
17
58
18
40
610
586
26

18
16

6
6
6
153
16
30
91

18

2

i

2

18

1
-

5.15

' 3 7
5.01
6.95
5.16

4
2

102

1*
2
9
i

1

-

44

1

5.31
5.56

-

34

106

1

5.035.13-

-

17
1036

*

*

1

-

-

f?
45

2
96

FF
63

!• «

5.06

2 9 0 at $ 1 . 9 0 to

1

7

1

6.22
5.79
6.26
6.25
6.21
6.09

306

3
*

6.97
6.95

All
216

HANUFACTURING

6.196.81-

J J J

N

47

3378

1"2

6.87

Cf

68

38
583
76

LA
fr

"*03

6.93

442

6*^7

1,^96
1,619
881

931
51
ooc

f j

3 4 57

*_
AO/
A*OT

5

^

300

2

.*2?
*

03 °
0 3

7

A
**

13
77

14
13

31
19
12

-

6

5
5

13
8
2

657
391
*.°7

598
390
11 i

108

83

26 8
20 3
24 0

‘
‘OS*.
4 ‘J*
46

243
72
1 71

70
20

24
T a b l e A - 5 . C u s t o d ia l a nd m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s : H o u r l y e a r n in g s — C o n t i n u e d
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly ea rn in gs o f w o rk e rs in s e lected occupations by indu stry d iv is io n , San F r a n c is c o —
Oakland, C a lif., M a rch 1973)

Number of workers receiving straight -time hourly earnings of—
t
$
S
t
*
*
%
*
S
$
*
t
$
»
*
s
*
$
$
2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00 6.20 6.40 6.60 6.80

H
ourly earnings3
Sex, occupation, and industry division

w ers
ork

t

t

N ber
um
M 2 M
ean
edian2

M
iddle range 2

t

Under
*
and
and
2. 60 under
2.60 3 ,op 3.20 3.40 3.60 3,80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 ?»20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00 6.20 6.40 6.60 6.80 over

MEN - CONTINUED
TRUCKDRIVERS - CONTINUED
TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM U - l / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS) ----------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------

2,668
1,827
413

$
5.75
5.92
5.84

$
6.10
6.21
6.11

$
5 .1 8 5 .6 9 5 .6 3 -

$
6.24
6.26
6.19

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

2,966
704
2,262
1,700

6. 18
6.08
6.21
6.25

6.24
6.13
6.25
6.26

6 .1 3 5 .7 8 6 .2 1 6 .2 3 -

6.30
6.33
6.29
6.30

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) -------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

1,528
155
1,373
890

6.29
6.04
6.31
6.31

6.26
5.99
6.26
6.26

6 .2 2 5 .9 3 6 .2 3 6 .2 3 -

6.33
6.51
6.32
6.32

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) --------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------WHOLESALE t r a d e ---------------RETAIL TRAOE -------------------

2,156
1,292
864
219
492
147

4.96
4.65
5.41
6.27
5.03
5.45

4.98
4.79
5.08
6.25
4.98
5.54

4 .5 6 4 .3 1 4 .9 6 6 .2 3 4 .9 3 5 .3 8 -

5.16
5.09
6.21
6.28
5.05
5.58

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

283
255

4.73
4.71

4.92
4.91

4 .4 5 - 4.98
4 .4 4 - 4.98

802
768
36

3.81
3.80
3.93

3.86
3.86
3.75

3 .8 2 - 3.91
3 .8 2 - 3.90
3 .4 7 - 4.47

-

—
-

—
-

-

-

-

—
-

5
1

120
120

23
17
17

“
“

586
26
14

63
63
42

-

262
262
108

239
49
14

271
259
134

992
958
84

66
66
”

”

6
~

4

3
-

61
14
47
26

6
6

172
110
62
“

42 5 1857
117 188
308 1669
68 1481

104
104
104

117
72
45
"

14
14

~

24
24
“
“

162
162

4
4

12
12

_

_
-

2
2

4

-

65
65
-

109 1060
30
109 1030
75 711

144
40
104
104

126

25
5
*
“
2

15

10
1
”

2
2

3
15
15

_

_

-

-

“
“

“
“

_
-

_
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

“
“
“
-

30
30
“
-

-

42
26
16
“
16

_

-

22
22
“
-

-

204
204
“
“

6
6

162
162
“
-

_
-

104
104
“
-

-

122
111
11
5

479
159
320
299
21

571
470
101
~
98
3

49
49
35
14

29
29

9
9

24
24

13
13

70
70

8
8

130
102

1
-

16
16
16

i
i
i

9

WOMEN
JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS --NONMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

See footnotes at end of tables,




2
2

-

-

6
6
i

28
28
5

63
49
6

27
27
6

639
639
1

10
-

108
108
14
94

-

8
8
8

19
4
15
-

15

236
236
219
17
“

-

“

-

126
~

-

_
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

“

~

25
T a b le A -5 a .

C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s — la r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s :

H o u rly e a rn in g s

(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earnings o f w o rk e rs in se le c te d occupations in establishm ents em p loyin g 500 w o rk e rs o r m o re by indu stry d iv is io n , San F ra n cisco -O a k la n d , C a lif., M a rch 1973)
Hourly e ar. in gs3

Sex, occupation, and industry division

i

Number
of

U n d e r 2 *6 0
M ean 2

HEN

t

M e d ian 2

M iddle range 2

$

S

2 *8 0

3 *20

3 *6 0

$
2.61
4.39
2.58

$
2.434.112.42-

$
3.34
4.88
3.26

1275
-

GUARDS
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

150

4.44

4.62

4.11-

4.91

“

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ---MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT IE S --------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------

2,924
601
2,323
358
165

3.81
4.16
3.72
4.12
3.74

3.93
4.15
3.91
4.19
3.89

3.483.913.433.823.72-

4.00
4.55
3.97
4.54
4.00

-

137
137
-

-

-

22

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING
MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------PUBLIC U T I L IT IE S --------RETAIL TRADE ---------------

941
311
630
333
235

5.21
4.49
5.57
6.13
5.12

5.05
4.44
6.20
6.25
5.05

4.464.125.016.224.88-

6.23
4.75
6.25
6.27
5.44

-

_
-

_
-

-

“

-

-

ORDER

FILLERS ---------------------

609

5.42

5.45

5.40-

5.53

-

-

PACKERS, SHIPPING ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

120
83

4.36
4.37

4.69
4.66

3.793.78-

4.80
4.76

-

1

RECEIVING CLERKS -----------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------RETAIL TRAOE ----------------------------

176
86
90
67

4.91
4.72
5.09
5.28

5.03
4.76
5.09
5.16

4.584.535.025.07-

5.12
5.03
5.39
5.62

SHIPPING CLERKS --------------------------------

MANUFACTURING -------------------------

118
95

4.74
4.65

4.60
4.58

4.544.54-

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS -------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

109
63

4.73
4.57

4.82
4.81

TRUCKDRIVERS ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT IE S ----------------------

2,744
571
2,173
1,699

6.11
5.73
6.21
6.22

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) -----------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUELIC U T I L IT IE S ----------------------

1,150
184
966
561

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) ------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT IE S ---------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------W EN
OM
JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ----NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------

1275

355
355

-

113
-

38
-

113

38

364
364

-

-

22

51
51
4

357
51
306
33

2

2

_
-

2
2

1

1

1
1

-

22
-

-

5

283
18
265
27
5
_
-

68
27
41

73
5
68

27

-

-

59
59




3,80

4,00

i

i

4,20

5

247
136

58
85
164 1088
64
21
81
8

39
35

*

*

*

4,40

i

4,60

4 * 80

-

-

4

4
4

-

-

29
24
5

10
10

15

-

73
26

6

10

1

-

-

5
“

47
38

6

6

1
1

4
4

_

-

-

“

-

4.204.16-

5.09
4.87

-

-

_

_

_

6.23
5.75
6.24
6.25

6.055.716.196.21-

6.28
5.80
6.29
6.29

-

6.21
6.14
6.23
6.26

6.23
5.78
6.24
6.28

6.065.736.096.22-

6.34
6.63
6.33
6.37

874
619
255
51
135

5.02
4.82
5.49
6.27
5.47

5.04
5.01
5.53
6.25
5.54

4.754.544.976.235.51-

5.17
5.12
6.02
6.28
5.58

173
139
32

3.78
3.71
4.02

3.84
3.83
4.41

3.473.423.60-

3.98
3.94
4.48

6
6
1

24
24
1

38
24
6

6
6
6

52

4.05

4.41

3.60-

4.46

1

7

5

-

57
56

11
10

28

-

-

6

23

9
-

-

-

6
-

11
-

29
29

15
2

6

2

5

12

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

“
-

-

-

_

-

-

4
-

28
28

5

i

6

321

_

-

49

28

12

34

19

27

i

2

15

9

20

13

9

18

4

-

-

4
4

-

-

45
39

151

320
317

-

3

2

94

3

2

94

_

2

—

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
10

_

45
45

53
53

2
84
84

6

47

67
84
21

60
60
1

10
-

1
-

-

-

16
16
16

1
1
1

9

23

1

3

44

2
2

14

-

i

_

4

27

-

34

110

-

*

-

-

20

-

-

2
2
-

-

-

*

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

4

-

20
20

1

4

_

21

8

2

—

_

29

“

39
39

13
13
-

1

1

-

133

4

-

-

6

1

_

*

-

2

_

321
321
321

-

3

_

-

1

1

_

27
27

36

1

4.87
4.81

25

3

11

11

1

-

11

24
24

2

-

-

81

2
2

1

-

59

4

-

-

-

6

-

1

-

6

-

-

1
63
59

-

4
2
2

1

1

75
69

-

33
30
3

1

10
1

-

17

42

72
59
13
13

-

-

3

-

-

81
81

36

-

36
36

3

-

3

3
279
135
144
143

58
45
13
-

78
27
51

-

-

2
-

97
26
71

58
58
-

-

2

-

57
42
15

12
4
8

111

3
3

-

-

3
37

58
36
22

4

30

222 1173

40

6
3
3

48
29
19
18

60
50
10

* Workers were distributed as follows: 290 at $1.90 to $2; 62 at $2 to $2.20; 201 at $2.20 to $2.40; and 722 at $2.40 to $2.60.
See footnotes at end o f tables,

3,60

* „ and
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
and
2.60 under
______ 2.80 3.00 3,20 3.40 3.60 3.60 4«00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4,80 5,00 5.20 5.40 5,60 5,80 6,00 6,20 6.40 6,60 6.80 over

$
2.87
4.41
2.76

PACKERS, SHIPPING ---------------------

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
*
s
I
i
*
*
I
»
i
*
«

3 *0 0

2,580
170
2,410

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

i

14
30

-

30

-

2

94

-

*

3
3

338

47

331

47

7
7

40
14
26
26

-

102
102

-

2
2

-

-

-

93
48

484

1351

208
208

193

12 19

-

208

48 7

3

1361

10

~

-

30 8
308
68

483
6
477
357

-

-

-

19
4
15

51

-

-

-

15

-

51
51

45

20
20
-

104
104
104

93
48
45
-

14
14
~
-

-

-

-

-

5,00

2 6

Footnotes

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e
at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , an d the e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
The m ed ia n
2 T h e m e a n is c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h j o b b y tota li ng the e a r n i n g s o f a l l w o r k e r s an d d i v i d i n g b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s ,
The m iddle
d e s i g n a t e s p o s i t i o n — h a l f o f the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e than the r a t e s h o w n ; h a l f r e c e i v e l e s s than the r a t e shown,
r a n g e i s d e fi n e d b y 2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a fo u r t h o f the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than the l o w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s and a f o u r t h e a r n m o r e than the h i g h e r r at e.
3 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , an d la te s hift s .




Appendix. Occupational Descriptions
The p rim ary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the B u reau 's wage surveys is to a s s is t its field staff in classify in g into appropriate
occupations w orkers who are employed under a variety of payroll title s and different work arrangem ents from establishm ent to establishm ent and
from a re a to a re a . This p erm its the grouping of occupational wage rate s representing com parable job content. B ecau se of this em phasis on
interestablishm ent and in terare a com parability of occupational content, the B u reau 's job descriptions m ay differ significantly from those m use in
individual establishm ents or those prepared for other p urp oses. In applying these job d escrip tion s, the B u reau 's field econom ists are instructed
to exclude working su p e rv iso rs; apprentices; le arn e rs; beginners; train e es: and handicapped, p art-tim e, tem porary, and probationary w orkers.

OFFICE
C LER K, ACCOUNTING— Continued

B IL L E R , MACHINE

P osition s a re c la ssifie d into levels on the b a sis of the following definitions.
C la ss A . Under general supervision, p erform s accounting cle ric al operations which
require the application of experience and judgment, for exam ple, c le rically processin g com ­
plicated or nonrepetitive accounting tran saction s, selecting among a substantial variety of
p rescrib e d accounting codes and c la ssifica tio n s, or tracin g tran saction s through previous
accounting actions to determ ine source of d iscre p an cies. May be a ss is te d by one or m ore
c la ss B accounting c le rk s.
C la ss B . Under close supervision, following detailed instructions and standardized p ro­
cedu res, p erform s one or m ore routine accounting cle ric al operations, such as posting to
le d g e rs, c a rd s, or w orksheets where identification of item s and locations of postings are
cle arly indicated; checking accu racy and com pleteness of standardized and repetitive record s
or accounting documents; and coding documents using a few p rescrib e d accounting codes.

P re p a re s statem en ts, b ills, and invoices on a machine other than an ordinary or electrom atic typew riter. May also keep reco rd s as to billings or shipping charges or perform other
cle rical work incidental to billing operations. F o r wage study p u rp oses, b ille r s, m achine, are
cla ssifie d by type of m achine, as follows:
B iller, machine (billing m achine). U ses a sp ecial billing machine (combination typing
and adding machine) to p rep are bills and invoices from cu sto m ers' purchase o rd e rs, in ter­
nally prepared o rd e rs, shipping m em orandum s, etc. U sually involves application of p r e ­
determined discounis and shipping charges and entry of n ec e ssa ry extensions, which m ay or
m ay not be computed on the billing m achine, and to tals which are autom atically accum ulated
by m achine. The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill being
prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.
B iller, machine (bookkeeping m achine). U ses a bookkeeping machine (with or without
a typew riter keyboard) to p rep are cu sto m ers' b ills as part of the accounts receivable op era­
tion. G enerally involves the simultaneous entry of figu res on cu stom ers' ledger record . The
machine autom atically accum ulates figu res on a number of vertical columns and computes
and usually prints autom atically the debit or credit balan ces. Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sale s and credit slip s.

C LER K, F IL E
F ile s, c la s s ifie s , and retrie v e s m aterial in an established filing system . May perform
cle ric al and manual task s required to m aintain files. Positions are cla ssifie d into levels on the
b a sis of the following definitions.
C la ss A . C la s sifie s and indexes file m ate rial such a s correspondence, rep orts, tech­
nical docum ents, e tc., in an established filing system containing a number of varied subject
m atter file s. May also file this m ate rial. May keep reco rd s of various types in conjunction
with the file s. May lead a sm all group of lower level file cle rk s.
C la ss B . S o rts, codes, and file s u n classified m ate rial by sim ple (subject m atter) head­
ings or partly c la ssifie d m ate rial by finer subheadings. P re p a re s sim ple related index and
c r o ss-r e fe re n c e aid s. As requested, locates cle arly identified m ate rial in files and fo r­
w ards m ate rial. May perform related cle ric al task s required to m aintain and service files.
C la ss C . P erfo rm s routine filing of m aterial that has already been c la ssifie d or which
is e asily c la ssifie d in a sim ple se r ia l c la ssifica tio n system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological,
or n um erical). As requested, locates readily available m aterial in files and forw ards m a ­
te ria l; and m ay fill out withdrawal charge. May perform sim ple cle ric al and manual task s
required to m aintain and serv ice files.

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
O perates a bookkeeping machine (with or without a typew riter keyboard) to keep a record
of bu sin ess tran sactio n s.
C la ss A. Keeps a set of reco rd s requiring a knowledge of and experience in basic
bookkeeping p rin cip les, and fam iliarity with the structure of the p articu lar accounting system
used. Determ ines proper reco rd s and distribution of debit and credit item s to be used in each
phase of the work. May p rep are consolidated rep o rts, balance sheets, and other record s
by hand.
C la ss B. Keeps a record of one or m ore ph ases or section s of a set of record s usually
requiring little knowledge of basic bookkeeping. P h ases or sections include accounts payable,
payroll, cu sto m ers' accounts (not including a sim ple type of billing described under biller,
m achine), cost distribution, expense distribution, inventory control, etc. May check or a s s is t
in preparation of trial balances and p rep are control sheets for the accounting departm ent.
C LE R K , ACCOUNTING
P erfo rm s one or m ore accounting c le ric al task s such as posting to r e g iste rs and led g ers;
reconciling bank accounts; verifying the internal consistency, com pleteness, and m athem atical
accu racy of accounting documents; assignin g p rescrib e d accounting distribution codes; examining
and verifying for c le ric al accu racy various types of rep o rts, lis t s , calculations, posting, etc.;
or preparing sim ple or a ssistin g in preparing m ore com plicated journal vouchers. May work
in either a manual or automated accounting system .
The work req u ires a knowledge of c le ric al methods and office p ractices and procedures
which relate s to the c le ric al p ro cessin g and recording of tran saction s and accounting information.
With experience, the worker typically becom es fam iliar with the bookkeeping and accounting term s
and procedures used in the assign ed work, but is not required to have a knowledge of the form al
principles of bookkeeping and accounting.




C LE R K , ORDER
R eceives cu sto m ers' o rd e rs for m ate rial or m erchandise by m ail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the following: Quoting p rice s to custom ers; making out an order
sheet listin g the item s to m ake up the o rder; checking p rices and quantities of item s on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to resp ective departm ents to be filled. May check with credit
departm ent to determ ine cred it rating of custom er, acknowledge receipt of ord e rs from custom ers,
follow up o rd e rs to see that they have been filled, keep file of o rd ers received, and check shipping
invoices with original o rd e rs.
C LE R K , PAYROLL
Computes wages of company em ployees and enters the n ece ssa ry data on the payroll
sheets. Duties involve: Calculating w ork ers' earnings based on tim e or production record s: and
posting calculated data on payroll sheet, showing information such as w ork er's name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and
a s s is t p aym aster in making up and distributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

NOTE: The Bureau has discontinued collecting data for com ptom eter op erators.

27

28
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

SECRETARY— Continued

O perates a keypunch m achine to reco rd or v erify alphabetic and/or num eric data on
tabulating ca rd s or on tape.

NO TE: The term "corp orate o fficer, " used in the level definitions following, r e fe r s to
those officials who have a significant corporate-w ide policym aking role with regard to m ajor
company a ctiv ities. The title "v ice president, " though norm ally indicative of this role, does not
in all c a se s identify such positions. Vice presiden ts whose p rim ary respon sibility is to act p e r ­
sonally on individual c a se s or tran saction s (e.g ., approve or deny individual loan or credit actions;
adm in ister individual tru st accounts; d irectly su p ervise a cle ric al staff) are not considered to be
"corp orate o ffic e r s" for p urp oses of applying the following level definitions.

P ositions are c la ssifie d into levels on the b a sis of the following definitions.
Cla s s A. Work req u ires the application of experience and judgment in selectin g p ro ce ­
dures to be followed and in searching fo r, interpreting, selectin g, or coding item s to be
keypunched from a variety of source docum ents. On occasion m ay a lso perform some routine
keypunch work. May train inexperienced keypunch o p e rato rs.
C la ss B . Work is routine and repetitive. Under close supervision or following specific
procedures or in struction s, works from v ario u s standardized source documents which have
been coded, and follows specified procedures which have been p rescrib e d in detail and require
little or no selectin g, coding, or interpreting of data to be recorded. R e fe rs to su p erv iso r
problem s arisin g from erroneous item s or codes or m issin g information.
MESSENGER (Office Boy or Girl)
P erfo rm s variou s routine duties such a s running e rra n d s, operating m inor office m a ­
chines such as s e a le r s or m a ile r s, opening and distributing m ail, and other m inor c le ric a l work.
Exclude positions that require operation of a m otor vehicle as a significant duty.
SECRETARY
A ssigned a s p erson al se c re ta ry , norm ally to one individual. Maintains a close and highly
respon sive relationship to the day-to-day work of the su p e rv iso r. Works fairly independently r e ­
ceiving a minimum of detailed supervision and guidance. P erfo rm s varied c le ric a l and se c r e ta r ia l
duties, usually including m o st of the following:
a. R eceives telephone c a lls , person al c a lle r s , and incoming m ail, answ ers routine
in q uires, and routes technical in quiries to the proper p erson s;
b.

E sta b lish e s, m ain tain s, and r e v ise s the su p e rv iso r 's files;

c.

Maintains the su p e rv iso r's calendar and m akes appointments a s instructed;

d.

R elays m e ssa g e s from su p e rv iso r to subordinates;

e. Reviews correspondence, m em orandum s, and rep orts p rep ared by others for the
su p e rv iso r's signature to a ssu r e procedural and typographic accuracy;
f.

P erfo rm s stenographic and typing work.

May a lso perform other c le r ic a l and s e c r e ta r ia l ta sk s of com parable nature and difficulty.
The work typically req u ires knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organization,
p ro g ra m s, and procedures related to the work of the su p e rv iso r.
E xclusions
Not all positions that are titled "s e c re ta r y " p o s s e s s the above c h a ra c te ristic s. Exam ples
of positions which are excluded from the definition are a s follow s:
a.

P ositions which do not m eet the "p e rso n al" se cre tary concept d escribed above;

b.

Stenographers not fully trained in s e c r e ta r ia l type duties;

c. Stenographers servin g a s office a ss is ta n ts to a group of p ro fe ssio n al, technical, or
m an agerial p erson s;
d. S ecre tary positions in which the duties are either substantially m ore routine or
substantially m ore com plex and respon sible than those characterized in the definition;
e. A ssista n t type positions which involve m ore difficult or m ore respon sible tech­
nical, adm in istrativ e, su p e rv iso ry , or sp ecialized c le ric a l duties which are not typical of
se c r e ta r ia l work.




C la s s A
1. S e cre ta ry to the chairm an of the board or p residen t of a company that em ploys, in
a ll, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 p e rso n s; or
2. S ecre ta ry to a corporate officer (other than the chairm an of the board or president)
of a company that em ploys, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000 p e rso n s; or
3. S e cre ta ry to the head, im m ediately below the corporate officer level, of a m ajor
segm ent or su b sid iary of a company that em ploys, in all, over 25,000 p e rso n s.
C la s sB
1. S ecre tary to the chairm an of the board or presid en t of a company that em ploys, in
a ll, fewer than 100 p e rso n s; or
2. S ecre ta ry to a corporate officer (other than the chairm an of the board or president)
of a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 p e rso n s; or
3. S ecre ta ry to the head, im m ediately below the officer level, over either a m ajor
corporate-w ide functional activity (e.g ., m arketing, re se arc h , operations, industrial relation s, etc.) or a m ajo r geographic or organizational segm ent (e.g ., a regional headquarters;
a m ajor division) of a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
em ployees; or
4. S ecre ta ry to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that em ploys, in a ll, over 5,000 p e rso n s; or
5. S ecre ta ry to the head of a la rge and im portant organizational segm ent (e.g., a middle
m anagem ent su p e rv iso r of an organizational segm ent often involving as many a s sev eral
hundred p erson s) or a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 25,000 p e rso n s.
C la ss C
1. S ecre ta ry to an executive or m an agerial person whose resp on sibility is not equivalent
to one of the sp ecific level situations in the definition for c la s s B, but whose organizational
unit norm ally num bers at le a st sev e ral dozen em ployees and is usually divided into o rg an iza­
tional segm ents which a re often, in turn, further subdivided. In som e com panies, this level
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in oth ers, only one or two; or
2. S ecre ta ry to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that em ploys, in a ll, fewer than 5,000 p e rso n s.
C la ss D
1. S ecre ta ry to the su p e rv iso r or head of a sm all organizational unit (e.g., fewer than
about 25 or 30 p erson s); or
2. S ecre ta ry to a nonsupervisory staff sp e c ia list, p rofession al employee, ad m in istra­
tive o fficer, or a ssista n t, sk illed technician or expert. (NOTE: Many com panies assig n
sten ograp h ers, rath er than se c r e ta r ie s as d escribed above, to this level of sup ervisory or
nonsupervisory w orker.)
STENOGRAPHER
P rim ary duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to tran scrib e the dictation. May
a lso type from written copy. May operate from a stenographic pool. May occasion ally tran scrib e
from voice recordings (if p rim ary duty is tran scrib in g from record in g s, see Transcribing-M achine
O perator, G eneral).
NO TE: This job is distinguished from that of a se cre tary in that a secre tary norm ally
works in a confidential relationship with only one m an ager or executive and p erform s m ore
respon sible and d iscretion ary ta sk s as d escrib ed in the se c re ta ry job definition.
Stenographer, General
Dictation involves a norm al routine vocabulary. May m aintain files, keep sim ple reco rd s,
or perform other relatively routine cle ric al ta sk s.

29
S T E N O G R A P H E R — C on tin u ed

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R ( E l e c t r i c A c c o u n tin g M a c h in e O p e r a t o r } — C ontinued

Stenographer, Senior
Dictation involves a varied technical or sp ecialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs
or rep orts on scien tific rese arc h . May also set up and m aintain file s, keep re co rd s, etc.
OR
P erfo rm s stenographic duties requiring significantly g reater independence and respon­
sibility than stenographer, general, as evidenced by the following: Work requ ires a high
degree of stenographic speed and accu racy; a thorough working knowledge of general busin ess
and office procedure; and of the specific bu sin ess operations, organization, p o licies, p ro ce­
d u res, file s, workflow, etc. U ses this knowledge in perform ing stenographic duties and
responsible c le ric al task s such as m aintaining followup file s; assem bling m aterial for rep orts,
m em orandum s, and le tte rs; com posing sim ple le tters from general in struction s; reading and
routing incoming m ail; and answering routine questions, etc.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
C la ss A. O perates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office c a lls. P erfo rm s full telephone information serv ice or handles
com plex c a lls, such as conference, collect, o v e rse a s, or sim ilar c a lls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, c la ss B, or as a full-tim e
assignm ent. ("F u ll" telephone information serv ice o ccurs when the establishm ent has varied
functions that are not readily understandable for telephone information p urp oses, e .g ., because
of overlapping or in terrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problem s as to
which extensions are appropriate for c a lls.)
C la ss B . O perates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office c a lls. May handle routine long distance c a lls and record to lls.
May perform lim ited telephone information se rv ic e . ("L im ite d " telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishm ent serv iced are readily understandable for telephone
information p urposes, or if the requests are routine, e .g ., giving extension numbers when
specific names are furnished, or if com plex c alls are referre d to another operator.)
These c la ssific a tio n s do not include switchboard o p erators in telephone com panies who
a s s is t custom ers in placing c a lls.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to perform ing duties of operator on a single-position or m onitor-type switch­
board, acts a s receptionist and m ay also type or perform routine cle rical work a s part of regular
duties. This typing or c le ric al work m ay take the m ajor p art of this w orker's tim e while at
switchboard.
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (E lectric Accounting Machine Operator)
O perates one or a variety of m achines such as the tabulator, calculator, collator, in ter­
p reter, so rte r, reproducing punch, etc. Excluded from this definition are working su p e rv iso rs.
Also excluded are operators of electronic digital com puters, even though they m ay also operate
EAM equipment.

Positions are c la ssifie d into levels on the b asis of the following definitions.
C la ss A. P erform s complete reporting and tabulating assignm ents including devising
difficult control panel wiring under general supervision. Assignm ents typically involve a
variety of long and com plex rep orts which often are irreg u lar or nonrecurring, requiring
some planning of the nature and sequencing of operations, and the use of a variety of m a ­
chines. Is typically involved in training new operators in machine operations or training
lower level op erators in wiring from d iagram s and in the operating sequences of long and
com plex rep o rts. Does not include positions in which wiring responsibility is lim ited to
selection and insertion of prew ired boards.
C la ss B . P erform s work according to established procedures and under specific in­
structions. A ssignm ents typically involve com plete but routine and recu rrin g reports or parts
of la r g e r and m ore com plex rep orts. O perates m ore difficult tabulating or e lectrical a c ­
counting m achines such a s the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the sim pler m achines
used by c la ss C o p e rato rs. May be required to do some wiring from d iagram s. May train
new em ployees in basic machine operations.
C la ss C . Under specific in struction s, operates sim ple tabulating or e lectrical accounting
m achines such as the so rte r, in terp reter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. Assignm ents
typically involve portions of a work unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs,
or repetitive operations. May perform sim ple wiring from d iag ram s, and do some filing work.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
P rim ary duty is to tran scrib e dictation involving a norm al routine vocabulary from
transcribing-m achine reco rd s. May also type from written copy and do sim ple cle rical work.
Workers tran scrib in g dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as
legal b riefs or reports on scientific rese arch are not included. A worker who takes dictation
in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine is c la ssifie d as a stenographer.
TYPIST
U ses a typew riter to m ake copies of various m ate rials or to make out bills after ca lcu la­
tions have been made by another person. May include typing of sten cils, m ats, or sim ilar m ate ­
ria ls for use in duplicating p r o c e sse s. May do c le rical work involving little sp ecial training, such
as keeping sim ple reco rd s, filing record s and rep orts, or sorting and distributing incoming m ail.
C la ss A. P erform s one or m ore of the following: Typing m aterial in final form when
it involves combining m aterial from sev eral so u rces; or respon sibility for correct spelling,
syllabication, punctuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language m ate ­
rial; or planning layout and typing of com plicated statistical tab les to maintain uniformity
and balance in spacing. May type routine form le tte rs, varying details to suit circum stan ces.
C la ss B . P erform s one or m ore of the following: Copy typing from rough or cle ar
d rafts; or routine typing of fo rm s, insurance p o licies, etc.; or setting up sim ple standard
tabulations; or copying m ore com plex tables already set up and spaced properly.

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
COMPUTER OPERATOR
Monitors and op erates the control console of a digital computer to p ro ce ss data according
to operating in struction s, usually prepared by a p ro g ram er. Work includes m ost of the following:
Studies instructions to determ ine equipment setup and operations; loads equipment with required
item s (tape re e ls, c a rd s, etc.): switches n ec e ssa ry auxiliary equipment into circu it, and sta rts
and operates com puter; m akes adjustm ents to computer to c o rrect operating problem s and m eet
sp ecial conditions; reviews e rr o r s m ade during operation and determ ines cause or r e fe r s problem
to su p erv iso r or p rogram er; and m aintains operating rec o rd s. May te st and a s s is t in correcting
program .
F or wage study p u rp o ses, computer op erato rs are c la ssifie d as follows:

COMPUTER OPERATOR— Continued
of new p rogram s required; alternate p rogram s are provided in ca se original program needs
m ajor change or cannot be corrected within a reasonable tim e. In common e rro r situ a ­
tion s, diagnoses cause and takes corrective action. This usually involves applying previously
program ed corrective step s, or using standard correction techniques.
OR
O perates under d irect supervision a computer running p rogram s or segm ents of p rogram s
with the ch a ra c te ristic s described for c la ss A. May a s s is t a higher level operator by inde­
pendently perform ing le s s difficult task s assign ed , and perform ing difficult task s following
detailed instructions and with frequent review of operations perform ed.
C la ss C . Works on routine p rogram s under close supervision. Is expected to develop
working knowledge of the computer equipment used and ability to detect problem s involved in
running routine p ro g ra m s. Usually has received some form al training in computer operation.
May a s s is t higher level operator on com plex p rogram s.

C la ss A. O perates independently, or under only general direction, a computer running
p ro gram s with m ost of the following c h a ra c te ristic s: ' New p rogram s are frequently tested
and introduced; scheduling requirem ents are of critical im portance to m inim ize downtime;
the p ro gram s are of complex design so that identification of e rr o r source often requ ires a
working knowledge of the total program , and alternate p rogram s may not be available. May
give direction and guidance to lower level o p erato rs.

COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS

C la ss B . O perates independently, or under only general direction, a computer running
p ro gram s with m ost of the following c h a ra c te ristic s: Most of the p rogram s are established
production runs, typically run on a regu larly recu rrin g b a sis; there is little or no testing

Converts statem ents of bu sin ess problem s, typically prepared by a system s analyst, into
a sequence of detailed instructions which a re required to solve the problem s by automatic data
p rocessin g equipment. Working from charts or d iag ram s, the p rogram er develops the p recise in­
structions which, when entered into the computer system in coded language, cause the manipulation




30
CO M PUTER

PRO G RAM ER,

B U S IN E S S — C o n tin u e d

of data to achieve d esired re su lts. Work involves m ost of the following: Applies knowledge of
com puter cap ab ilities, m athem atics, logic employed by com puters, and p articu lar subject m atter
involved to analyze charts and d iagram s of the problem to be program ed; develops sequence
of program step s; w rites detailed flow charts to show order in which data will be p rocessed ;
converts these ch arts to coded instructions for machine to follow; te sts and c o rre cts p rog ram s;
p rep a re s instructions for operating personnel during production run; analyzes, review s, and a lters
p ro gram s to in cre ase operating efficiency or adapt to new requirem ents; m aintains record s of
program development and rev isio n s. (NOTE: W orkers perform ing both sy stem s analysis and p ro ­
gram ing should be c la ssifie d as system s analysts if this is the sk ill used to determ ine their pay.)
Does not include em ployees p rim arily resp on sible for the management or supervision of
other electronic data p ro cessin g em ployees, or p ro g ra m ers p rim arily concerned with scientific
and/or engineering problem s.
For wage study p u rp o ses, p ro g ra m ers are c la ssifie d as follows:
C la ss A. Works independently or under only general direction on com plex problem s which
require com petence in all phases of program ing concepts and p ractice s. Working from d ia ­
gram s and charts which identify the nature of d esired r e su lts, m ajor p ro cessin g steps to be
accom plished, and the relationsh ips between various step s of the problem solving routine;
plans the full range of program ing actions needed to efficiently utilize the computer system
in achieving d esired end products.
At this level, program ing is difficult because com puter equipment m ust be organized to
produce sev e ral in terrelated but d iv erse products from numerous and d iv erse data elem ents.
A wide variety and extensive number of internal p ro cessin g actions m ust occur. This requ ires
such actions as development of common operations which can be reused, establishm ent of
linkage points between operations, adjustm ents to data when program requirem ents exceed
com puter sto rage capacity, and substantial m anipulation and resequencing of data elem ents
to form a highly integrated p rogram .
May provide functional direction to lower level p ro g ra m ers who are assign ed to a s s is t .
C la ss B .~ Works independently or under only general direction on relatively sim ple
p ro g ra m s, or on sim ple segm ents of com plex p ro g ra m s. P rogram s (or segm ents) usually
p ro c e ss inform ation to produce data in two or three varied sequences or form ats. Reports
and listin g s are produced by refining, adapting, arrayin g, or making m inor additions to or
deletions from input data which are readily av ailable. While numerous reco rd s m ay be
p ro c essed , the data have been refined in prior actions so that the accu racy and sequencing
of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. Typically, the program d eals with
routine record-keeping type operations.
OR
Works on com plex p ro gram s (as d escribed for c la ss A) under close direction of a higher
level pro gram er or su p erv iso r. May a s s is t higher level p rogram er by independently p e r­
form ing le s s difficult task s assign ed , and perform ing m ore difficult task s under fairly close
direction.
May guide or in struct lower level p ro g ra m ers.
C la ss C. Makes p ractical applications of program ing p ractices and concepts usually
learned in form al training c o u rse s. A ssignm ents are designed to develop competence in the
application of standard procedures to routine problem s. R eceives close supervision on new
a sp e cts of assign m en ts; and work is reviewed to verify its accuracy and conformance with
required p roced ures.
COMPUTER SYSTEM S ANALYST, BUSINESS
Analyzes bu sin ess problem s to form ulate procedures for solving them by use of electronic
data p ro cessin g equipment. Develops a com plete description of all specifications needed to enable
p ro g ram ers to p rep are required digital computer p ro g ram s. Work involves m ost of the following:
Analyzes subject-m atter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and c rite ria required
to achieve satisfa c to ry re su lts; sp ecifies number and types of reco rd s, file s, and documents to
be used; outlines actions to be perform ed by personnel and com puters in sufficient detail for
presentation to management and for program ing (typically this involves preparation of work and
data flow charts); coordinates the development of te st problem s and p articip ates in trial runs of
new and revised sy stem s; and recom m ends equipment changes to obtain m ore effective overall
operations. (NOTE: W orkers perform ing both sy stem s an alysis and program ing should be c la s ­
sified as sy stem s analysts if this is the skill used to determ ine their pay.)

CO M PUTER

S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U S IN E S S — C o n tin u ed

every item of each type is autom atically p ro cessed through the full system of record s and
appropriate followup actions are initiated by the computer.) Confers with p erson s concerned to
determ ine the data p ro cessin g problem s and advises subject-m atter personnel on the im p lica­
tions of new or revised system s of data p rocessin g operations. Makes recom m endations, if
needed, for approval of m ajor system s in stallations or changes and for obtaining equipment.
May provide functional direction to lower level system s analysts who are assign ed to
a s s is t .
C la ss B . Works independently or under only general direction on problem s that are
relatively uncom plicated to analyze, plan, program , and operate. P roblem s are of lim ited
com plexity because sou rces of input data are homogeneous and the output data are closely
related. (For exam ple, develops system s for maintaining depositor accounts in a bank,
maintaining accounts receivable in a retail establishm ent, or m aintaining inventory accounts
in a m anufacturing or w holesale establishm ent.) Confers with person s concerned to determ ine
the data p ro cessin g problem s and ad vises subject-m atter personnel on the im plications of the
data p rocessin g system s to be applied.
OR
Works on a segm ent of a com plex data p rocessin g schem e or system , as described for
c la ss A. Works independently on routine assignm ents and rece iv e s instruction and guidance
on com plex assign m en ts. Work is reviewed for accu racy of judgm ent, com pliance with in­
stru ctions, and to insure proper alinement with the overall system .
C la s s C . Works under im m ediate supervision, carryin g out an alyses as assigned , usually
of a single activity. A ssignm ents are designed to develop and expand p ractical experience
in the application of procedures and sk ills required for sy stem s an alysis work. For exam ple,
m ay a s s is t a higher level sy stem s analyst by preparing the detailed sp ecification s required
by p ro g ra m ers from information developed by the higher level analyst.
DRAFTSMAN
C la ss A. Plans the graphic presentation of com plex item s having distinctive design
featu res that differ significantly from established drafting preceden ts. Works in close sup­
port with the design origin ator, and m ay recommend m inor design changes. Analyzes the
effect of each change on the details of form , function, and positional relationships of com ­
ponents and p a rts. Works with a minimum of su p ervisory a ssista n c e . Completed work is
reviewed by design originator for consistency with p rior engineering determ inations. May
either p rep are draw ings, or d irect their preparation by lower level draftsm en.
C la s s B . P erfo rm s nonroutine and com plex drafting assign m en ts that require the app li­
cation of m ost of the standardized drawing techniques regu larly used. Duties typically in­
volve such work a s: P re p a re s working drawings of su b asse m b lie s with irre g u lar shapes,
m ultiple functions, and p re c ise positional relationsh ips between components; p rep are s a rc h i­
tectu ral drawings for construction of a building including detail drawings of foundations, wall
section s, floor plans, and roof. U ses accepted form ulas and m anuals in making n ece ssary
computations to determ ine quantities of m ate rials to be used, load ca p acitie s, stren gth s,
s t r e s s e s , etc. R eceives initial instruction s, requirem ents, and advice from su p e rv iso r.
Completed work is checked for technical adequacy.
C la ss C . P re p a re s detail drawings of single units or p arts for engineering, construction,
m anufacturing, or rep air p urp oses. Types of drawings prepared include isom etric p rojections
(depicting three dim ensions in accurate scale ) and sectional views to clarify positioning of
components and convey needed information. Consolidates details from a number of so u rces
and adjusts or tran sp o se s scale as required. Suggested methods of approach, applicable
preceden ts, and advice on source m ate rials are given with initial assign m en ts. Instructions
are le s s com plete when assignm ents recu r. Work may be spot-checked during p r o g re ss.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracin g cloth or paper over
drawings and tracin g with pen or pencil. (Does not include tracin g lim ited to plans p rim arily
consisting of straight lines and a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
AND/OR
P re p a re s sim ple or repetitive drawings of e asily visualized item s. Work is closely supervised
during p r o g re ss.

Does not include em ployees p rim arily respon sible for the management or supervision
of other electronic data p ro cessin g em ployees, or system s analysts p rim arily concerned with
scientific or engineering problem s.
For wage study p urp oses, system s analysts are cla ssifie d as follows:

ELECTRO N ICS TECHNICIAN
Works on various types of electronic equipment or sy stem s by perform ing one or m ore
of the following operations: Modifying, installing, repairing, and overhauling. These operations
require the perform ance of m ost or all of the following task s: A ssem bling, testing, adjusting,
calibratin g, tuning, and alining.

C la ss A. Works independently or under only general direction on com plex problem s involviTig^aTT phases of system s a n aly sis. Problem s are com plex because of d iverse so u rces of
input data and m ultiple-use requirem ents of output data. (For exam ple, develops an integrated
production scheduling, inventory control, cost an a ly sis, and sale s an alysis record in which

Work is nonrepetitive and requ ires a knowledge of the theory and practice of electron ics
pertaining to the use of general and sp ecialized electronic test equipment: trouble an aly sis; and
the operation, relationship, and alinement of electronic sy ste m s, su b sy stem s, and circu its having
a variety of component p arts.




31
ELECTRON ICS TECHNICIAN— Continued

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (R egistered)

E lectron ic equipment or sy stem s worked on typically include one or m ore of the following:
Ground, vehicle, or airborne radio communications sy stem s, relay sy stem s, navigation aid s;
airborne or ground rad ar sy stem s; radio and television transm itting or recording sy stem s; e le c ­
tronic com puters; m iss ile and sp acecraft guidance and control sy stem s; industrial and m edical
m easuring, indicating and controlling d evices; etc.

A registered nurse who gives nursing serv ice under general m edical direction to ill or
injured employees or other p erson s who become ill or suffer an accident on the p rem ises of a
factory or other establishm ent. Duties involve a combination of the following; Giving fir s t aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent d ressin g of em ployees' in juries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes; a ssistin g in
physical exam inations and health evaluations of applicants and em ployees; and planning and c a r r y ­
ing out p rogram s involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment,
or other activities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of all personnel. Nursing su p ervisors
or head n u rses in establishm ents employing m ore than one nurse a re excluded.

(Exclude production a sse m b le r s and t e ste r s, craftsm en , d raftsm en , d esig n e rs, engineers,
and repairm en of such standard electronic equipment a s office m achines, radio and television
receiving se ts .)

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

M AC H INIST,

P erfo rm s the carpentry duties n ec e ssa ry to construct and maintain in good rep air build­
ing woodwork and equipment such as bins, c rib s, counters, benches, partition s, doors, floors,
s t a ir s , c a sin g s, and trim made of wood in an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw ings, m odels, or verbal in struction s; using a
variety of carp en ter's handtools, portable power to o ls, and standard m easuring instrum ents; m ak­
ing standard shop computations relating to dim ensions of work; and selecting m ate rials n ece ssa ry
for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requ ires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
P erfo rm s a variety of e le ctric a l trade functions such a s the installation, m aintenance, or
rep air of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of e lectric energy in an e sta b ­
lishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of e le c ­
trical equipment such as gen erato rs, tra n sfo rm e rs, sw itchboards, con trollers, circuit b r e a k e r s ,
m otors, heating units, conduit sy stem s, or other tran sm issio n equipment; working from blue­
prints, draw ings, layouts, or other specification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le ctrica l
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirem ents of wiring or
e le ctric a l equipment; and using a variety of e le ctric ia n 's handtools and m easuring and testing
instrum ents. In general, the work of the maintenance electrician requ ires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t s a nd n e w p a r t s in m a k i n g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n i c a l
e q u i p m e n t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f t he f o l l o w i n g : I n t e r p r e t i n g w r i t t e n
i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p l a n n i n g a n d l a y i n g o ut o f w o r k ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t ' s
h a n d t o o l s a nd p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t i n g up a n d o p e r a t i n g s t a n d a r d m a c h i n e t o o l s ;
s h a p i n g o f m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o d i m e n ­
sio ns o f w o r k , to o lin g , fe e d s , and s p e e d s of m ac h in i n g ; k n o w l e d g e of the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s of
t he c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u i p m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r h i s w o r k ;
a n d f i tt i n g a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s i n to m e c h a n i c a l e q u i p m e n t .
In g e n e r a l , the m a c h i n i s t ' s w o r k
n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

ENG INE E R ,

STATIO N AR Y

O perates and m aintains and may a lso sup erv ise the operation of stationary engines and
equipment (mechanical or e le ctric a l) to supply the establishm ent in which employed with power,
heat, refrigeratio n , or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, a ir c o m p re sso rs, ge n e rato rs, m o to rs, turbines, ventilating and r e fr ig ­
erating equipment, steam b o ilers and boiler-fed w ater pum ps; making equipment rep a irs; and
keeping a record of operation of m achinery, tem perature, and fuel consumption. May a lso su ­
p ervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishm ents employing m ore than one
engineer are excluded.
FIR E M A N,

ST A T IO N A R Y

BO ILER

F ir e s stationary boilers to furnish the establishm ent in which employed with heat, power,
or steam . Feeds fuels to fire by hand or op erates a m echanical stoker, g as, or oil burner; and
checks w ater and safety v alv es. May clean, oil, or a s s i s t in repairing boilerroom equipment.
HELPER,

M AIN TEN AN C E

TRADES

A s s is t s one or m ore w orkers in the skilled maintenance trad e s, by perform ing specific
or general duties of le s s e r sk ill, such as keeping a worker supplied with m ate rials and tools;
cleaning working a re a , machine, and equipment; a ssistin g journeym an by holding m ate rials or
tools; and perform ing other unskilled ta sk s a s directed by journeym an. The kind of work the
helper is perm itted to perform v a rie s from trade to trad e: In som e trad es the helper is confined
to supplying, lifting, and holding m ate rials and to o ls, and cleaning working a r e a s; and in others
he is perm itted to perform sp ecialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are also
perform ed by w orkers on a full-tim e b a sis.
M A C H IN E -T O O L

OPERATOR,

TOOLROOM

S p e cialize s in the operation of one or m ore types of machine tools, such a s jig b o re rs,
cylindrical or surface grin d e rs, engine lathes, or m illing m achines, in the construction of
m achine-shop to o ls, g ag e s, jig s , fixtures, or d ies. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning
and perform ing difficult machining operations; p ro cessin g item s requiring com plicated setups or
a high degree of accu racy; using a variety of p recision m easuring instrum ents; selecting feeds,
sp eeds, tooling, and operation sequence; and making n ec e ssa ry adjustm ents during operation
to achieve requisite toleran ces or dim ensions. May be required to recognize when tools need
d re ssin g , to d re ss to o ls, and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For
cro ss-in d u stry wage study p urp oses, m achine-tool o p e rato rs, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classificatio n .




M EC H A N IC ,

M AIN TEN AN C E

A U TO M O TIV E

(M aintenance)

R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i l e s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , a n d t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n ­
v o l v e s m o s ^ _ o f _ U i e _ ^ o l L ) w i j T g : E x a m i n i n g a u t o m o t i v e e q u i p m e n t to d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s ­
a s s e m b l i n g e q u i p m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s t h a t i n v o l v e t he u s e o f s u c h h a n d t o o l s a s w r e n c h e s ,
g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u i p m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r f i t ti n g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r
d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r i n d i n g a n d a d j u s t i n g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d i n s t a l l i n g the v a r i o u s
a s s e m b l i e s in t h e v e h i c l e a n d m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s ; a n d a l i n i n g w h e e l s , a d j u s t i n g b r a k e s
a n d l i g h t s , o r t i g h t e n i n g b o d y b o l t s . In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f t he a u t o m o t i v e m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a ll y a c q u i r e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

m obile

This classification
re p a ir shops.

M EC H A N IC ,

does

no t

in c lu d e

m echanics

who

repair

custom ers'

v e h i c l e s in a u t o ­

M AIN TE N A N C E

R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l e q u i p m e n t o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t
o f t he f o l l o w i n g :
E x a m i n i n g m a c h i n e s a n d m e c h a n i c a l e q u i p m e n t to d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ;
d i s m a n t l i n g o r p a r t l y d i s m a n t l i n g m a c h i n e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s t ha t m a i n l y i n v o l v e t he u s e
o f h a n d t o o l s in s c r a p i n g a n d f i t t i n g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w i t h i t e m s o b t a i n e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g t h e p r o d u c t i o n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h i n e s h o p o r s e n d i n g o f the
m a c h i n e to a m a c h i n e sho p fo r m a j o r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s fo r m a j o r r e p a i r s
o r f o r t h e p r o d u c t i o n o f p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h i n e s h o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h i n e s ; a nd m a k i n g
a l l n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t i o n . In g e n e r a l , t he w o r k o f a m a i n t e n a n c e m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a ll y a c q u i r e d t h ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a le n t
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
E x c l u d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y dutie s
i n v o l v e s e t t i n g up o r a d j u s t i n g m a c h i n e s .
M ILLW R IG H T
I n s t a l l s n e w m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u i p m e n t , a nd d i s m a n t l e s a n d i n s t a l l s m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y
e q u i p m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s in t h e p l a n t l a y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
P l a n n i n g a n d l a y i n g o ut o f t h e w o r k : i n t e r p r e t i n g b l u e p r i n t s o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y
o f h a n d t o o l s and r i g g i n g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sho p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to s t r e s s e s , s tr en gt h of
m a t e r i a l s , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; al in i n g and b a l a n c i n g of eq u i p m e n t ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d t o o l s ,
e q u i p m e n t , a n d p a r t s to b e u s e d ; a n d i n s t a l l i n g a n d p i a i n t a i n i n g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n
e q u i p m e n t s u c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l , t he m i l l w r i g h t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s
a r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in t h e t r a d e a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
PA IN T E R ,

M AIN T E N A N C E

P a i n t s a n d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , a n d f i x t u r e s o f an e s t u h l i s l m i e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s
t he f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l e d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a nd t y p e s o f p ai nt r e q u i r e d l o r d i f f e r e n t a p p l i c a ­
t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a i n t i n g l»y r e m o v i n g o l d f i n i s h o r by p la t i n g putty o r f i l l e r in n a i l

32
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE—Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE—Continued

holes and in te rstic e s; and applying paint with sp ray gun or brush. May m ix co lo rs, o ils, white
lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the
maintenance painter requ ires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experien ce.

types of sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, m odels, or other specification s; setting
up and operating a ll available types of sh eet-m etal working m achines; using a variety of handtools
in cutting, bending, form ing, shaping, fitting, and assem blin g; and installing sheet-m etal a rticle s
as required. In general, the work of the m aintenance sh eet-m etal worker requ ires rounded
training and experience Usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experien ce.

P IP E F IT T E R , MAINTENANCE
Installs or re p a irs w ater, steam , g a s, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an
establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following; Laying out of work and m easuring to locate
position of pipe from drawings or other written sp ecification s; cutting variou s siz e s of pipe to
c o rrec t lengths with chisel and ham m er or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting m achines; threading
pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven or pow er-driven m achines; assem bling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; m aking standard shop computations relating to
p r e s s u r e s , flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard te sts to determ ine whether fin­
ished pipes m eet specification s. In g en eral, the work of the m aintenance pipefitter requ ires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Workers p rim arily engaged in in stalling and repairing building sanitation
or heating system s are excluded.
SH EET -M ET A L WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F ab ric a te s, in sta lls, and m aintains in good rep a ir the sheet-m etal equipment and fixtures
(such a s m achine guards, g re a se pans, sh e lv es, lo c k e rs, tan ks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, m etal
roofing) of an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning and laying out all

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
C on structs and re p a irs m achine-shop tools, g ag e s, jig s , fixtures or d ies for forgin gs,
punching, and other m etal-form in g work. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning and
laying out of work from m odels, blueprints, draw ings, or other o ral and written specification s;
using a variety of tool and die m a k e r's handtools and p recision m easuring instrum ents; under­
standing of the working p roperties of common m etals and alloys; setting up and operating of
m achine tools and related equipment; making n ece ssa ry shop com putations relating to dim ensions
of work, sp ee d s, fe e d s, and tooling of m achines; heat-treating of m etal p a rts during fabrication
a s well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required q u alities; working to close to leran ces;
fitting and a ssem blin g of p arts to p rescrib e d toleran ces and allow ances; and selectin g appropriate
m a te r ia ls, to o ls, and p r o c e s s e s . In general, the tool and die m a k e r's work requ ires a rounded
training in m achine-shop and toolroom p ractice usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship
or equivalent training and experience.
F or cro ss-in d u stry wage study p u rp oses, tool and die m ak ers in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tio n .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
GUARD AND WATCHMAN
G uard. P erfo rm s routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour, m aintaining o rder,
using arm s or force where n ec e ssa ry . Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check
on identity of em ployees and other person s entering.
Watchman. Makes rounds of p re m ise s periodically in protecting property again st fire ,
theft, and illegal entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working a re a s and w ashroom s, or
p re m ise s of an office, apartm ent house, or com m ercial or other establishm ent. Duties involve
a combination of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing flo o rs; removing
chips, trash , and other refu se; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing m etal fix ­
tu res or trim m in gs; providing supplies and m inor maintenance se rv ic e s; and cleaning lav ato rie s,
show ers, and restro o m s. W orkers who sp ecialize in window washing are excluded.
LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
A worker employed in a warehouse, m anufacturing plant, store, or other establishm ent
whose duties involve one or m ore of the following: Loading and unloading various m ate rials and
m erchandise on or from freight c a r s , tru ck s, or other tran sportin g devices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing m ate rials or m erchandise in proper sto rage location; and tran sportin g m ate rials or
m erchandise by handtruck, c a r, or wheelbarrow. Longshorem en, who load and unload ships are
excluded.
ORDER F IL L E R
F ills shipping or tran sfe r o rd e rs for finished goods from stored m erchandise in a cco rd ­
ance with specification s on sa le s slip s, cu sto m ers' o r d e r s, or other in struction s. May, in addition
to filling o rd e rs and indicating item s filled or om itted, keep reco rd s of outgoing o rd e rs, requ i­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to su p e rv iso r, and perform other related d u ties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
P re p a re s finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping con­
tain e rs, the specific operations perform ed being dependent upon the type, siz e , and number
of units to be packed, the type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requ ires
the placing of item s in shipping containers and m ay involve one or m ore of the following:
Knowledge of various item s of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate type
and size of container: inserting en clo sures in container; using excelsio r or other m aterial to
prevent breakage or dam age; closing and sealing container; and applying labels or entering
identifying data on container. P ack ers who also make wooden boxes or c rate s are excluded.




SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
P re p a re s m erchandise for shipment, or rece iv e s and is resp on sible for incoming ship­
m ents of m erchandise or other m a t e r ia ls . Shipping work involves; A knowledge of shipping p ro­
ced u res, p ra c tic e s, routes, available m eans of tran sportation, and r a te s; and preparing record s
of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping ch arg es, and keeping
a file of shipping reco rd s. May d irect or a s s is t in preparing the m erchandise for shipment.
Receiving work in volves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the co rrectn ess of shipments
again st bills of lading, in voices, or other re co rd s; checking for sh ortages and rejecting dam ­
aged goods; routing m erchandise or m ate rials to proper departm ents; and maintaining n ece ssa ry
record s and file s.
F or wage study p u rp o se s, w orkers are c la ssifie d as follow s:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TR UCKDR.T VER
D rives a truck within a city or industrial are a to tran sp ort m a te ria ls, m erchandise,
equipment, or men between various types of establishm ents such a s : Manufacturing plants, freight
depots, w arehouses, w holesale and reta il establishm ents, or between retail establishm ents and
cu sto m ers' houses or p laces of b u sin ess. May also load or unload truck with or without helpers,
m ake m inor m echanical r e p a ir s, and keep truck in good working ord e r. D river-salesm en and
over-th e-road d riv e rs a re excluded.
follow s:

F or wage study p u rp oses, tru ck d rivers are c la ssifie d by size and type of equipment, as
(T r a c to r -tr a ile r should be rated on the b a sis of tr a ile r capacity.)
T ruckdriver
T ruck d river,
T ruck d river,
T ruck d river,
T ruck d river,

(combination of siz e s listed separately)
light (under 1Vz tons)
medium (1V2 to and including 4 tons)
heavy (over 4 tons, tr a ile r type)
heavy (over 4 tons, other than tr a ile r type)

TRUCKER, POWER
O perates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered truck or tractor to tran sport
goods and m ate rials of all kinds about a w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.
F or wage study p u rp oses, w orkers are c la ssifie d by type of truck, as follows:
T ruck er, power (forklift)
T ruck er, power (other than forklift)
*TU. S. G O V E R N M E N T P R IN TIN G O PPIC C: l # 7 > - 7 4 1 - 2 2 9 / 1 *

A re a W a g e S u rv e y s
A list of the la test a v a i la b le bu ll e ti n s is p r e s e n t e d b e lo w . A d i r e c t o r y of a r e a w a g e studies including m o r e lim ited studies conducted at the
r e q u e s t of the E m p lo y m e n t Stan dards A d m i n i s t r a t i o n of the D e par t m en t of L a b o r is a v a i la b le on r eq u es t. B ulle tins m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m any of the B L S
r e g i o n a l s a l e s o ff ic es shown on the bac k c o v e r , o r f r o m the Superintendent of Do cu m e nts, U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r in t in g O ff i c e , Wa shington, D . C . , 20402.
A rea
A k r o n , Ohio, D ec. 1972 _---------------------------------------------------A l b a n y — ch enectady — r o y , N . Y . , M a r . 1 9 73 1 ___
S
T
—
A lb u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , M a r . 1973------- ----------------— —
A lle n tow n—Bethlehe m—E a s to n, P a . —N . J . , M a y 1972 1 —
Atlan ta , G a . , M a y 1973________________________________________
A u stin , T e x . , Dec. 1972 1---------------------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , M d . , Aug. 19721_________________________________
Beaum on t— o r t A rt h u r — r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1972------ _ _
P
O
Bingh am ton, N . Y . , July 1972______ _______ . . . __________ ___
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1973 1______ ____ __________________
B o i s e City, Idaho, N o v . 1972 1____ _ ___ ___ ____ — ---------_
Bos ton , M a s s . , A u g . 19721--------------------- ------ -------------------B u f fa lo , N . Y . , Oct. 19721____________________________________
B ur lin gt on , V t . , Dec. 1972 1_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ -------------------------Canton, Ohio, M a y 1973-----------...---------------------------------------C h a r le s t o n , W . V a . , M a r . 1973_______ _____________________
Ch ar lo tt e , N . C . , Jan. 1973________ ___ _____ _________________
Chattanooga, Tenn.—G a . , Sept. 1972 1— —--------------------_ _ _
C h ic ag o , 111., June 1972__________________________ ____ — — _
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—Ind ., F e b . 1973_______ — ---------- ----C le vela n d , Ohio, Sept. 1972 1 —— — —----------- ------------------C o lu m b u s, Ohio , Oct. 1972 1_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ---------------------- -----D a l l a s , T e x . , Oct. 1972 1------ ------ ----------- -------------------------D a ven por t —Rock I s l a n d - M o l i n e , Iowa—111., F e b . 1973----Dayton, Ohio , De c. 1972____ _________________________________
_
D e n v e r, C o lo ., D ec. 1972___________ __________ _ ____________
D e s M o i n e s , Iowa, M a y 1973____ ____ — — --- ------------------_
D e t ro it , M i c h ., F e b . 1972_____________ ___________ — ____ _
D u r h a m , N . C . , A p r . 1973____________________________________
F o r t L a u d e r d a l e —H oll yw o od and W e s t P a l m
B e a c h , F l a . , A p r . 1973_____ ________________________________
F o r t W o rth , T e x . , Oct. 19721-------------------------------------------G r e e n B a y , W i s . , July 1972 1--------------------------------------------G r e e n v i l l e , S .C ., M a y 1972 --------------------------------------------Houston, T e x . , A p r . 1973_____________________ ___ ___________
H un tsv ill e , A l a . , F e b . 1973------------------------------------------ ----Ind ian ap ol is, Ind., Oct. 1972 1---- -------------------------------------Ja ck so n, M i s s . , Jan. 1973---------------------_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ------------J a c k so n v ille , F l a . , De c. 1972_______________________________
K a n s a s City, M o . - K a n s . , Sept. 1972------- — -- ------ _ _ _ _ _
L a w r e n c e —H a v e r h i l l , M a s s . —N . H . , June 1972 1. . ..„. —
Lexin gto n, K y ., No v. 1972 1---------______
Little Rock—No r th Lit tle Rock, A r k . , July 1972 1_______
L o s A n g e l e s —Lo ng B e a c h and A n a h e i m —Santa AnarG a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , Oct. 1972 1-------------------------- _ _ _ —
L o u i s v i l l e , Ky.—Ind., No v. 1972----------------------------------------Lu b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1973--------------- ---------------- ----------------M a n c h e s t e r , N . H . , July 1972 1— -------------------------------------M e m p h i s , Tenn.—A r k . , Nov. 1972---------_____
M i a m i , F l a . , No v. 1972 1___
_____
M i d la n d and O d e s s a , T e x . , Jan. 1973____ _

B u lle t in nu m b e r
and p r i c e
1775-36, 40 cents
1775-62,
55 cents
1775-52, 40 cents
1725-87,
35 cents
1775-79,
40 cents
1775-42,
40 cents
1775-20,
75 cents
1725-69,
30 cents
1775-5,
45 cents
1775-65,
55 cents
1775-32, 50 cents
1775-13,
75 cents
1775-18,
65 cents
1775-28,
50 cents
1775-73, 40 cents
1775-74,
40 cents
1775-39,
40 cents
1775-14,
55 cents
1725-92,
70 cents
1775-53, 50 cents
1775-15,
75 cents
1775-23,
55 cents
1775-25,
75 cents
1775-57,
40 cents
1775-34,
40 cents
1775-35,. 40 cents
1775-72, 40 cents
1725-68, 40 cents
1775-61,
35 cents
1775-64,
1775-24,
1775-1,
1725-66,
1775-71,
1775-48,
1775-27,
1775-44,
1775-31,
1775-17,
1725-81,
1775-22,
1775-2,

40 cents
50 cents
55 cents
30 cents
50 cents
40 cents
55 cents
40 cents
40 cents
50 cents
35 cents
50 cents
55 cents

1775-38,
1775-37,
1775-55,
1775-8,
1775-30,
1775-29,
1775-41,

75 cents
40 cents
40 cents
55 cents
40 cents
55 cents
35 cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A rea
M i lw a u k e e , W i s . , M a y 1972 *■
M i n n e a p o l is - S t . P a u l , Minn ., Jan. 1973-----M u s k e g o n — u s k e g o n H eigh ts , M i c h ., June 1972 1 ____
M
N e w a r k and J e r s e y City, N . J . , Jan. 1973----N e w H av en , Conn ., Jan. 1973-----N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , Jan. 1973.
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1972 1
___
N o r f o l k — i r g i n i a B e a c h — o r t s m o u t h and
V
P
N e w p o r t N e w s — ampton, V a . , Jan. 1973 *.
H
O k la h o m a Cit y, O k l a . , July 1972____________
O m a h a , N e b r . —Iowa, Sept. 1972P a t e r s o n — l i f t o n - P a s s a i c , N . J . , June 1972 * —
C
P h i la d e lp h i a , P a . —N . J . , No v. 1972--------P h o e n ix , A r i z . , June 19721
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1973 1
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , No v. 1972P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h . , M a y 1972 1
P o u g h k e e p s ie H K in g s to r r -N e w b u rg h , N. Y.
June 19 721
P r o v i d e n c e — a r w i c k — aw t u ck et , R.I.—M a s s . ,
W
P
M a y 1972.
R a le i g h , N . C . , A ug . 1972.
Ric hmond, V a . , M a r . 1973__
Riverside—
San B e r n a r d i n o — n t a ri o , C a l i f . ,
O
De c. 1 9 7 2 * ______________________________________
R o c h e s t e r , N . Y . (o ffi ce occupa tions only ), July 1972.
R o c k fo r d , 111., June 197 3_____ _____
St. L o u i s , Mo .—111., M a r . 1973 1 __
Salt La k e City, Utah, No v. 1972*.
San Anton io, T e x . , M a y 1973____ ____________ ___
San D i e g o , C a l i f . , No v. 1972_____________________
San F r a n c i s c o - O a k la n d . C a l i f . , M a r . 1973__
San J o s e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1973_________
Savannah, G a . , M a y 1973______ _____
Scranton , P a . , July 1972-----------------Seattle— v e r e t t , W a s h . , Jan. 1973.
E
Sioux F a l l s , S. D a k ., De c. 1972 1 __
South B end , Ind., M a r . 1973.
Spokane, W a s h . , June 1972 1---------S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , July 1972------ -----Tam pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , Aug. 1972___
To le d o , O h i o - M i c h . , A p r . 1973___ _____ ____
Tren to n, N . J . , Sept. 1972 1------ --------------------U t i c a - R o m e , N . Y . , July 1972-----------------------W ash in gt on, D . C .—Md .—V a . , M a r . 1973____
W a t e r b u r y , Co nn ., M a r . 1973___
W a t e r l o o , Iowa, No v. 1972___—
W ich ita , K a n s . , A p r . 1973___ ____
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . . M a y 1973___
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1 9 o _____________
Y o u n g s t o w n - W a r r e n , Ohio, No v. 1972-

B u lle t in nu m be r
and p r i c e
1725-83,
1775-49,
1725-85,
1775-50,
1775-46,
1775-47,
1725-90,

45
55
35
55
40
40
50

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1775-51,
1775-6,
1775-16,
1725-88,
1775-45,
1725-94,.
1775-67,
1775-21,
1725-89,

50
45
40
40
55
55
75
40
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1725-80,

35 cents

1725-70,
1175-7,
1775-68,

30 cents
45 cents
40 cents

1775-60,
1775-4,
1775-80,
1775-69,
1775-33,
1775-78,
1775-40.
1775-81,
1775-66,
1775-77,
1775-10,
1775-56,
1775-43,
1775-54,
1725-91,
1775-11,
1775-9*
1775-63,
1775-12,
1775-3,
1775-75,
1775-58,
1775-26.
1775-70,
1775-76,
1775-59,
1775-19,

65
45
35
75
50
35
40
4U
40
40
45
40
40
40
35
45
45
40
55
45
50
40
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
40 cents
40 cents
40 cents

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20212

LAB-441

OFFICIAL BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE $300

THIRD CLASS MAIL

BUREAU OF LABOR S T A T IS T IC S REGIONAL OFFICES
Region I
1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

Region II
1515 Broadway
New York, N.Y. 10036
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Region III
P.O. Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 597-1154 (Area Code 215)
Delaware
District of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)
Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Region V
8th Floor, 300 South Wacker Drive
Chicago, III. 60606
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)
Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
Wisconsin

Region VI
1100 Commerce St. Rm. 6B7
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Texas

Regions VII and V III
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)
VII
V III
Iowa
Colorado
Kansas
Montana
Missouri
North Dakota
Nebraska
South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)
IX
X
Arizona
Alaska
California
Idaho
Hawaii
Oregon
Nevada
Washington





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102