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AREA W AGE SURVEY
Charleston, W est Virginia, M etropolitan Area,
M arch 1973
Bulletin 1775-74




U S DE PARTMENT OF LABOR
____ Bureau of Labor Statistics




Preface
T h is b u lle tin p r o v id e s re s u lts o f a M a r c h 1973 s u r v e y o f occu p a tio n a l
e a rn in g s in the C h a r le s t o n W e s t V ir g in ia , Standard M e tr o p o lita n S ta tis tic a l
A r e a (K anaw ha C ounty). T h e s u r v e y w as m a d e as p a r t o f the B u reau o f L a b o r
S t a t is t ic s ' annual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m . T h e p r o g r a m is d e s ig n e d to y ie ld
d ata f o r in d iv id u a l m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s , as w e ll as n a tion a l and r e g io n a l e s tim a te s
f o r a ll Standard M e tr o p o lita n A r e a s in the U n ited S ta te s , exclu d in g A la s k a and
H a w a ii, (as d e fin e d b y the U. S. O ffic e o f M a n a g e m en t and B udget th rou gh
N o v e m b e r 1971).
A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is the n eed to
d e s c r ib e the l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g es in a v a r i e t y o f la b o r m a r k e ts , th rou gh
the a n a ly s is o f ( l ) the l e v e l and d is trib u tio n o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a tio n , and ( 2 ) the
m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s by o c c u p a tio n a l c a te g o r y and s k ill l e v e l . T h e p r o g r a m d e ­
v e lo p s in fo rm a tio n that m a y be u sed f o r m an y p u r p o s e s , in clu d in g w a g e and
s a la r y a d m in is tr a tio n , c o lle c t iv e b a r g a in in g , and a s s is ta n c e in d e te rm in in g plant
lo c a tio n .
S u rv e y r e s u lts a ls o a r e u sed b y the U . S. D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r to
m ak e w age d e te rm in a tio n s under the S e r v ic e C o n tra c t A c t o f 1965.
C u r r e n tly , 96 a r e a s a r e in clu d ed in the p r o g r a m .
(S ee l is t o f a r e a s
on in s id e b ack c o v e r . )
In ea c h a r e a , o c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s data a r e c o lle c te d
an nually. In fo r m a tio n on e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w age b e n e ­
f i t s , c o lle c te d e v e r y seco n d y e a r in the p a s t, is now ob ta in ed e v e r y th ird y e a r .
E ach y e a r a fte r a ll in d iv id u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s h ave b een c o m p le te d ,
tw o s u m m a ry b u lle tin s a r e is s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b rin g s to g e th e r data f o r each
m e tro p o lita n a r e a s u r v e y e d .
T h e seco n d s u m m a ry b u lle tin p re s e n ts n a tion a l
and r e g io n a l e s tim a te s , p r o je c t e d f r o m
in d iv id u a l m e tr o p o lita n a r e a d ata.
T h e C h a r le s to n s u r v e y w as con du cted by th e B u re a u 's r e g io n a l o f f ic e in
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . , u n der the g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n o f Ir w in L . F e ig e n b a u m , A s s is ta n t
R e g io n a l D ir e c t o r f o r O p e ra tio n s . T h e s u r v e y could not h a ve b een a c c o m p lis h e d
w ithout the c o o p e r a tio n o f the m an y f ir m s w h ose w a g e and s a la r y data p ro v id e d
the b a s is fo r the s t a t is t ic a l in fo rm a tio n in th is b u lle tin . T h e B u reau w is h e s to
e x p r e s s s in c e r e a p p re c ia tio n f o r the c o o p e r a tio n r e c e iv e d .

Note:
A ls o a v a ila b le fo r the C h a r le s to n a r e a a r e lis tin g s o f union w a g e r a te s
f o r s e v e n s e le c te d b u ild in g tr a d e s . F r e e c o p ie s o f th es e a r e a v a ila b le fr o m the
B u re a u 's r e g io n a l o f f ic e s .
(S e e b a c k c o v e r f o r a d d r e s s e s .)

A R EA W AGE SU R VEY

B u lle tin 1775-74
A ugust 1973

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, Peter J. Brennan, Secretary
BUR EA U OF LABOR STATISTICS, Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

Charleston, W est Virginia, M etropolitan A rea, M arch 1973
CONTENTS
Page
2 In tro d u c tio n
5 W a ge tre n d s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l gro u p s

T a b le s :

6

7

8

9
10
11
12

14

1.
2.
3.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b er stu d ied
In d exes o f e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s , and p e rc e n ts o f chan ge f o r s e le c te d p e rio d s
P e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s , a d ju sted f o r e m p lo y m e n t sh ifts

A.

4

O c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s :
A - l . O ffic e occu p a tio n s: W e e k ly e a rn in g s
A - 2. P r o f e s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l occu p a tio n s: W e e k ly e a rn in g s
A - 3. O f f ic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l occu p a tio n s: A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s , by s e x
A - 4 . M a in ten a n c e and p o w e rp la n t occ u p a tio n s : H o u r ly e a rn in g s
A - 5. C u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o ccu p a tio n s: H o u rly e a rn in g s

A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r ip tio n s




For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover.
Price: 40 cents domestic postpaid or 30 cents over-the-counter. Make checks payable to Superintendent of Documents.

1

Introduction
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 96 in w h ich the U.S. D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r 's
B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s con du cts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s
on an a r e a w id e b a s is a n n u a lly .1 F ie ld r e p r e s e n t a t iv e s , in p e r s o n a l
v is it s to e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the a r e a , c o lle c t e m p lo y m e n t, e a r n in g s ,
e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s , and r e la te d b e n e fits in fo rm a tio n e v e r y th ird
y ea r.
In each o f the in te r v e n in g y e a r s , in fo r m a tio n on e m p lo y m e n t
and e a rn in g s is c o lle c te d b y m a il q u e s tio n n a ire s fr o m e s ta b lis h m e n ts
p a r tic ip a tin g in the p re v io u s s u r v e y . T h is b u lle tin p re s e n ts the r e s u lts
o f the la t t e r typ e s u rv e y .

(3) m a in te n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t; and (4) c u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e ­
m en t.
O c c u p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n is b a s e d on a u n ifo rm set o f job
d e s c r ip tio n s d e s ig n e d to tak e accoun t o f in t e r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n
in d u ties w ith in the sam e jo b . T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c te d f o r study a re
lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d in the app en d ix. U n le s s o t h e r w is e in d ic a te d , the
e a rn in g s data fo llo w in g the jo b t it le s a r e f o r a ll in d u s tr ie s c o m b in ed .
E a r n in g s data f o r s o m e o f the occu p a tio n s lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d , o r
f o r s o m e in d u s try d iv is io n s w ith in o c c u p a tio n s , a r e not p r e s e n te d in
the A - s e r i e s ta b le s , b e c a u s e e ith e r (1) e m p lo y m e n t in th e occu p atio n
is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r i t p re s e n ta tio n , o r (2) th e r e
is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t data. E a rn in g s
data not shown s e p a r a t e ly fo r in d u s try d iv is io n s a r e in clu d ed in a ll
in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d d ata, w h e r e shown. L ik e w is e , data a r e in clu d ed
in the o v e r a ll c la s s ific a t io n w h en a s u b c la s s ific a tio n o f s e c r e t a r ie s
o r t r u c k d r iv e r s is not shown o r in fo r m a tio n to s u b c la s s ify is not
a v a ila b le .

In each a r e a , data a r e ob ta in ed f r o m r e p r e s e n ta tiv e e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b ro a d in d u s try d iv is io n s : M a n u fa ctu rin g ; t r a n s ­
p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le tr a d e ;
r e t a i l tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r
in d u s try gro u p s ex c lu d e d fr o m th e s e s tu d ies a re g o v e rn m e n t o p e r a ­
tio n s and the c o n s tru c tio n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s tr ie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts
h a vin g f e w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a re o m itte d b e ca u s e
th ey tend to fu rn is h in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the occu p atio n s stu d ied
to w a r r a n t in c lu s io n .
S e p a ra te ta b u la tion s a r e p ro v id e d fo r each o f
the b ro a d in d u s try d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r it e r ia .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s data a r e shown fo r
f u ll- t im e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly sch ed u le.
E a r n in g s data e x c lu d e p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on
w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts . N o n p ro d u c tio n b on u ses a r e e x ­
clu d e d , but c o s t - o f - liv in g a llo w a n c e s and in c e n tiv e e a rn in g s a r e in ­
clu d ed . W h e r e w e e k ly h ou rs a r e r e p o r te d , as f o r o f f ic e c l e r i c a l o c c u ­
p a tio n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the s tan d a rd w o r k w e e k (ro u n d e d to the n e a r e s t
h a lf h ou r) T o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e th e ir r e g u la r s tr a ig h t - t im e
s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r an d/ or p re m iu m
r a te s ).
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s f o r th e s e o c c u p a tio n s a r e roun ded
to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e con du cted on a s a m p le b a s is . T h e s a m ­
p lin g p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d e ta ile d s tr a t ific a t io n o f a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts
w ith in the s c o p e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y in d u s try and n u m b er
o f e m p lo y e e s . F r o m th is s t r a t ifie d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ility s a m p le is
s e le c te d , w ith each e s ta b lis h m e n t h a vin g a p r e d e te r m in e d chan ce o f
s e le c tio n . T o ob tain optim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r
p r o p o r tio n o f la r g e than s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c te d . W h en data
a r e c o m b in e d , each e s ta b lis h m e n t is w e ig h te d a c c o r d in g to its p r o b a ­
b i l i t y o f s e le c tio n , so that u n b ia sed e s tim a te s a r e g e n e ra te d . F o r e x ­
a m p le , i f one out o f fo u r e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c te d , it is g iv e n a
w e ig h t o f fo u r to r e p r e s e n t it s e l f p lus th r e e o th e rs . A n a lte r n a te o f the
sa m e o r ig in a l p r o b a b ility is c h o sen in the s a m e in d u s t r y - s iz e c l a s s i f i ­
c a tio n i f data a r e not a v a ila b le f o r the o r ig in a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
If
no su ita b le su b stitu te is a v a ila b le , a d d itio n a l w e ig h t is a s s ig n e d to a
s a m p le m e m b e r that is s im ila r to the m is s in g unit.

T h e occu p a tio n s s e le c te d f o r study a r e co m m o n to a v a r ie t y
o f m a n u fa c tu rin g and n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f the
fo llo w in g ty p e s :
(1 ) O f f ic e c le r i c a l ; (2) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l;

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s in
an a r e a at a p a r t ic u la r tim e . C o m p a ris o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a tio n a l
a v e r a g e s o v e r tim e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c te d w a g e c h an ges. T h e a v e r ­
a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s a r e a ffe c t e d b y ch an ges in w a g e s and e m p lo y ­
m en t p a tte r n s .
F o r e x a m p le , p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y
h ig h - o r lo w - w a g e f ir m s m a y chan ge o r h ig h -w a g e w o r k e r s m a y ad ­
v a n c e to b e t t e r jo b s and be r e p la c e d b y n ew w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a te s .
Such s h ifts in e m p lo y m e n t cou ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e
e v en though m o s t e s ta b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a in c r e a s e w a g e s d uring
the y e a r . T r e n d s in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s , shown in ta b le 2,
a r e b e tte r in d ic a to r s o f w a g e tr e n d s than in d iv id u a l jo b s w ith in the
g ro u p s.

1
Included in the 9 areas are 1 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas
6
0
are A ustin, T e x .; Binghamton, N. Y . (New York portion on ly); Durham, N. C .; Fort Lauderdale—
Hollywood and W est Palm Beach, F la .; H untsville, A la .; Lexington, K y .; Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—
Newburgh, N. Y . ; Rochester, N. Y. (office occupations only); Syracuse, N .Y .; and U tica—
Rome, N .Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ite d area studies in approxim ately 7 areas a t the request
0
of the Em ployment Standards A dm inistration of the U. S. Department of Labor.

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s ite , a r e a w id e e s tim a te s . In ­
d u s tr ie s and e s ta b lis h m e n ts d if fe r in p a y l e v e l and jo b s ta ffin g , and
thus c o n trib u te d if fe r e n t ly to the e s tim a te s f o r each jo b . P a y a v e r ­
a g e s m a y f a il to r e f l e c t a c c u r a te ly the w a g e d if fe r e n t ia l am ong jo b s in'
in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts .

O ccu p a tion s and E a rn in g s




2

3
A v e r a g e p a y le v e ls f o r m en and w o m e n in s e le c te d o c c u p a ­
tio n s should not be assu m ed to r e f le c t d if fe r e n c e s in p a y o f the s e x e s
w ith in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
F a c t o r s w h ich m a y c o n trib u te to
d if fe r e n c e s in c lu d e p r o g r e s s io n w ith in e s ta b lis h e d ra te r a n g e s , s in c e
o n ly the r a te s p aid incu m b ents a r e c o lle c t e d , and p e r fo r m a n c e o f s p e ­
c i f i c d u ties w ith in the g e n e r a l s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip tio n s . Job d e s c r ip ­
tio n s u sed to c la s s ify e m p lo y e e s in th e s e s u r v e y s u s u a lly a r e m o r e
g e n e r a liz e d than th ose used in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts and a llo w fo r
m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong e s ta b lis h m e n ts in s p e c ific duties p e r fo r m e d .
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a ll
e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the sc o p e o f the study and not the nu m b er a c tu ­
a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e s am ong e s ta b lis h m e n ts
d if fe r , e s tim a te s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t ob ta in ed f r o m the s a m p le




o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te the r e la t iv e im p o r ­
tan ce o f the jo b s studied. T h e s e d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s tru c tu re
do not a ffe c t m a t e r ia lly the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n in g s data.
E s ta b lis h m e n t P r a c t ic e s and S u p p le m e n ta ry W a ge P r o v is io n s
T a b u la tio n s on s e le c te d e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le ­
m e n ta r y w a g e p r o v is io n s ( B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) a r e not p re s e n te d in th is
b u lle tin .
In fo r m a tio n f o r th e s e ta b u la tio n s, c o lle c te d e v e r y 2 y e a r s
in the p a s t, is now c o lle c t e d e v e r y 3 y e a r s .
T h e s e tab u la tion s on
m in im u m e n tra n c e s a la r ie s f o r in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f fic e w o r k e r s ;
s h ift d iffe r e n t ia ls ; sch ed u led w o r k w e e k ; p aid h o lid a y s ; p aid v a c a tio n s ;
and h ealth , in s u ra n c e , and p e n s io n p lan s a r e p re s e n te d (in the B -s e r ie s
ta b le s ) in p r e v io u s b u lle tin s f o r th is a r e a .

4




T a b le 1. E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o rk e rs w ith in s c o p e o f s u rv e y an d n u m b e r s tu d ie d in C h a rle s to n , W . V a ,,1
b y m a jo r in d u s try d iv is io n ,2 M a rc h 1 9 7 3
Minimum
employment
in e stablish ments in scope
of study

Industry division

Within scope of study4
Within scope
of stud y3

Studied

Number

Percent

Studied

126

69

30,794

100

25,247

50

29
97

21
48

12.913
17,881

42
58

12,315
12,932

50
50
50
50
50

15
22
40
10
10

13
8
15
5
7

6,792
2,242
6, 364
1,513
970

22
7
21
5
3

6,456
1,024
3,723
936
793

All d iv isio n s-------------------------------------M anufacturing-----------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing------------------------------------T ransp ortation , com munication, and
other public utilities 5--------------------------W holesale trade 6---------------------------------R etail trade 6---------------------------------------Finance, in su ran ce, and rea l e s ta te 6 -------S e r v ic e s 6 7 —
----------------------------------------

W orkers in establishm ents

Number of establishm ents

1 The Charleston Standard M etropolitan S ta tistic al A rea, as defined by the Office of Management and Budget through Novem ber 1971, c o n sists
of Kanawha County. The "w o rkers within scope of study" estim ate s shown in this table provide a reason ably accu rate description of the siz e and
com position of the labor force included in the survey. The estim ate s a re not intended, how ever, to serv e as a b a sis of com parison with other
employment indexes for the a re a to m easu re employment trends or lev e ls since (1) planning of wage survey s req u ires the use of establishm ent
data com piled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) s m a ll establish m ents a re excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial C lassificatio n Manual was used in cla ssify in g establishm ents by industry division.
3 Includes a ll establishm ents with total employment at or above the m inim um lim itation. All outlets (within the area) of com panies in such
in du stries as trad e , finance, auto re p a ir s e r v ic e , and motion picture th eaters a re considered as 1 establishm ent.
4 Includes executive, p ro fe ssio n al, and other w orkers excluded from the sep arate plant and office ca te g o rie s.
3 Abbreviated to "public u tilitie s" in the A -se rie s tab le s. T axicab s and se r v ic e s incidental to w ater tran sportation were excluded.
6 This industry division is represen ted in e stim ates for " a ll in d u strie s" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S e rie s A tab le s. Sep arate presentation
of data for this division is not m ade for one or m ore of the following rea so n s: (1) Em ploym ent in the division is too sm a ll to provide enough
data to m erit sep arate study, (2) the sam ple was not designed in itially to p erm it sep a rate presentation, (3) resp on se was insufficient or inadequate
to p erm it sep arate presentation, and (4) there is p ossib ility of d isclo su re of individual establishm ent data.
7 Hotels and m otels; laundries and other p erson al se r v ic e s; bu sin e ss s e r v ic e s; autom obile r e p a ir , ren tal, and parking; motion p ictu res;
nonprofit m em bership organizations (excluding religious and charitable organ ization s); and engineering and arch itectu ral se r v ic e s.

Industrial com position in m anufacturing
A lm ost one-half of the w orkers within scope of the survey in the C harleston a re a were
employed in m anufacturing fir m s. The following p resen ts the m ajor industry groups and
sp ecific in dustries as a percent of a ll m anufacturing:
Industry groups

Specific in du stries

Chem icals and allied produ cts—76
F abricated m etal p rodu cts_____ 6
Stone, clay, and g la ss
products---------------------------- 6
Food and kindred produ cts------ 5

Ind ustrial ch em icals—
__________76
F lat g l a s s ______________________ 5

This information is based on estim ate s of total employment derived from un iverse
m ate rials compiled p rior to actu al survey . P roportion s in vario u s industry divisions m ay
differ from proportions based on the r e su lts of the survey as shown in table 1 above.

W a g e T re n d s for S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
T h e in d e x is a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g iv e n tim e and is e x ­
p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f w a g e s in the b a s e y e a r .
T h e b a s e y e a r is
a s s ig n e d the v a lu e o f 100 p e r c e n t. T h e in d e x is com p u ted by m u lt i­
p ly in g the b a s e y e a r r e la t iv e (100 p e r c e n t) b y the r e la t iv e (th e p e r c e n t
chan ge p lus 100 p e r c e n t) f o r the n ext s u c c ee d in g y e a r and then c o n ­
tin u ing to m u ltip ly (com p ou n d) each y e a r 's r e la t iv e b y the p re v io u s
y e a r 's in d ex.

P r e s e n t e d in ta b le 2 a r e in d e x e s and p e rc e n ts o f chan ge in
a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s o f o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l
n u rs e s , and in a v e r a g e h o u rly e a rn in g s o f s e le c te d p la n tw o r k e r g ro u p s.
T h e in d e x e s a r e a m e a s u re o f w a g e s at a g iv e n tim e , e x p r e s s e d as a
p e r c e n t o f w a g e s d u rin g the b a s e p e r io d .
S u b tractin g 100 fr o m the
in d e x y ie ld s the p e r c e n t chan ge in w a g e s f r o m the b a se p e r io d to the
date o f the ind ex. T h e p e r c e n ts o f chan ge o r in c r e a s e r e la te to w a g e
c h an ges b e tw e e n the in d ic a te d d a te s . A n n u al r a te s o f in c r e a s e , w h e r e
shown, r e f l e c t the am ount o f in c r e a s e f o r 12 m onths w h en the tim e
p e r io d b e tw e e n s u r v e y s w a s o th e r than 12 m on th s.
T h e s e c om p u ­
ta tio n s a r e b a s e d on the a ssu m p tion that w a g e s in c r e a s e d at a con stant
ra te b e tw e e n s u r v e y s .
T h e s e e s tim a te s a r e m e a s u re s o f chan ge in
a v e r a g e s fo r the a r e a ; th ey a r e not in ten d ed to m e a s u re a v e r a g e p ay
ch an ges in the e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the a r e a .

F o r o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u rs e s , the w a g e
tr e n d s r e la te to r e g u la r w e e k ly s a la r ie s f o r the n o r m a l w o rk w e e k ,
e x c lu s iv e o f e a rn in g s f o r o v e r t im e .
F o r p la n tw o r k e r g ro u p s, th ey
m e a s u re ch an ges in a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s , e xclu d in g
p re m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k en d s, h o lid a y s , and
la te sh ifts .
T h e p e r c e n ts a r e b a s e d on data f o r s e le c te d k e y o c c u ­
p atio n s and in c lu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p o rta n t jo b s w ith in
ea c h grou p .

M eth o d o f C om pu tin g
E a c h o f the fo llo w in g k e y occ u p a tio n s w ith in an o c c u p a tio n a l
g ro u p is a s s ig n e d a con stan t w e ig h t b a s e d on its p r o p o r tio n a te e m ­
p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p :
Office clerical (men and
women):
Bookkeeping-machine
operators, class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A, B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Messengers (office boys or
girls)

Office clerical (men and
women)— Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B
Industrial nurses (men and
women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

L im ita tio n s o f D ata
T h e in d e x e s and p e rc e n ts o f ch an ge, as m e a s u r e s o f chan ge
in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e in flu e n ce d b y :
( l ) G e n e r a l s a la r y and w a g e
c h a n ge s , (2) m e r it o r o th e r in c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e iv e d b y in d iv id u a l
w o r k e r s w h ile in the sam e jo b , and (3) ch an ges in a v e r a g e w a g e s due
to ch an ges in th e la b o r f o r c e re s u ltin g f r o m la b o r tu r n o v e r , f o r c e
e x p a n sio n s , f o r c e re d u c tio n s , and chan ges in the p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k ­
e r s e m p lo y e d b y e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith d iffe r e n t p a y l e v e ls . C han ges in
the la b o r f o r c e can cau se in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the oc c u p a tio n a l
a v e r a g e s w ith ou t a ctu a l w a g e ch an ges.
It is c o n c e iv a b le that e v en
though a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a g a v e w a g e in c r e a s e s , a v e r a g e
w a g e s m a y h a ve d e c lin e d b e ca u s e lo w e r - p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts e n te r e d
the a r e a o r exp an ded t h e ir w o r k f o r c e s . S im ila r ly , w a g e s m a y h a ve
r e m a in e d r e la t iv e ly con sta n t, y e t a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a m a y have r is e n
c o n s id e r a b ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r - p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts e n te r e d the a r e a .

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and
cleaners
Laborers, material handling

NOTE: Comptometer operators, used in the computation of previous trends, are no longer
surveyed by the Bureau.

T h e u se o f con stan t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h ts e lim in a te s the e ffe c t
o f ch an ges in th e p r o p o r tio n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n te d in each jo b in ­
clu d ed in the data.
T h e p e r c e n ts o f ch an ge r e f l e c t o n ly chan ges in
a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rs.
T h e y a r e not in flu e n ce d b y
ch an ges in s ta n d a rd w o r k s c h e d u le s , as such, o r b y p re m iu m p ay
f o r o v e r t im e .
W h e re n e c e s s a r y , data a r e ad ju sted to r e m o v e f r o m
the in d e x e s and p e r c e n ts o f ch an ge an y s ig n ific a n t e f fe c t cau sed b y
ch an ges in th e s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

T h e a v e r a g e (m ea n ) e a rn in g s f o r each occ u p a tio n a r e m u lt i­
p lie d b y the o c c u p a tio n a l w e ig h t, and the p ro d u c ts f o r a ll occ u p a tio n s
in the g ro u p a r e to ta le d . T h e a g g r e g a te s f o r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s a r e
r e la t e d b y s u b tra c tin g the a g g r e g a te fo r the e a r l i e r y e a r fr o m the
a g g r e g a t e f o r the la t e r y e a r and d iv id in g the r e m a in d e r b y the a g g r e ­
g a te f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e r e s u lt tim e s 100 show s the p e r c e n t
o f ch an ge.




5

6




T a b le 2 . In d e x e s o f e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s in C h a rle s to n , W . V a ., M a rc h 1 9 7 2 an d M a rc h 1 9 7 3 ,
an d p e rc e n ts o f c h a n g e 1 fo r s e le c te d p e rio d s
All in dustries
Weekly earnings
Period

Office
c le ric a l
(men and
women)

Industrial
n urses
(men and
women)

Manufacturing

Hourly earnings
Skilled
maintenance
trad es
(men)

Unskilled
plantw orkers
(men)

Weekly earnings
Office
c le r ic a l
(men and
women)

Industrial
n urses
(men and
women)

Hourly earnings
Skilled
maintenance
trad es
(men)

Unskilled
plantw orkers
(men)

Indexes (April 1967 = 100)
March 1972
M arch 1973__________________________________

121.2
128.4

139.0
145.1

129.9
137.2

120.3
133.2

0

( 2)

137.7
142.2

128.8
135.4

124.5
137.4

P ercen ts of change 1
A pril 1960 to A pril 1961______ ________________
A pril 1961 to A pril 1962_________________ ____
A pril 1962 to A p ril 1963_____________________
A p ril 1963 to A p ril 1964_____________________
A pril 1964 to A pril 1965
____ _ __ . . .
April 1965 to A pril 1966___ __
_________
A pril 1966 to A pril 1967______________________
A pril 1967 to A pril 1968_____________________
A pril 1968 to A pril 1969_____________________
A pril 1969 to A pril 1970_____________________
A pril 1970 to M arch 1971:
1 1 -month in crease
Annual rate of in crease

0.3
4.9
2.1
2.6
1.2
2.2
1.7
4.2
3.3
4.1

3.9
2.4
4.6
.4
2.2
3.0
1.7
7.0
8.5
6.0

3.3
1.0
2.6
2.6
1.7
2.8
2.0
3.2
5.2
6.3

2.2
2.9
3.0
3—
.2
4.0
.9
1.4
1.9
1.6
3—
2.2

1.6
1.7
1.9
.4
.7
3.3
1.0
4.4
6.3
( 2)

4.4
.9
4.6
1.8
1.7
3.0
1.2
7.4
8.4
5.6

3.1
.5
2.5
2.5
1.8
2.6
2.1
3.1
4.9
6.3

1.4
.7
3.0
2.2
4.5
3.0
2.3
3.3
3.9
3—
.2

3.1
3.4

7.0
7.7

6.7
7.3

7.5
8.2

( 2)

0

7.3
8.0

6.7
7.3

11.4
12.5

M arch 1971 to M arch 1972______ ___ ______
M arch 1972 to M arch 1973___________________

4.9
5.9

5.6
4.4

5.5
5.6

10.5
10.7

(2)

4.3
3.3

5.0
5.1

4.4
10.4

C)

1 All changes are in c re a se s un less otherwise indicated.
2 Data do not m eet publication crite ria .
3 This decline largely refle cts shifts in employment between high- and low-wage establishm ents rather than wage d e c re a se s.




T a b le 3 . P e r c e n ts o f in c re a s e in a v e r a g e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s ,
a d ju s te d fo r e m p lo y m e n t s h ifts , in C h a rle s to n , W . V a ., M a r c h 1 9 7 2 to M a r c h 1 9 7 3
O ccupational group

A ll
in du stries

4.9
4.5
5.4
6.2

M anufac­
turing

Nonmanu­
facturing

(* )
3.3
5.1
7.3

5.7
C )
(*)
5.6

1 Data do not m eet publication c rite ria .

NOTE: Table 3 provides p ercen ts of change in av erage hourly earn ings for selected
occupational g ro u p s, adjusted to exclude the effect of employment sh ifts. The new method
fo r computing wage trends i s b a se d on changes in av erage hourly earn ings for establishm ents
reporting the index jobs in both the curren t and previous y e a r (matched e stablish m en ts),
holding establishm ent employment in the jo b s constant.
The new wage tren ds a re not linked to the current indexes be cau se the new wage trends
m easu re changes in m atched establishm ent a v e ra g e s w hereas the curren t indexes m easu re
changes in a re a a v e ra g e s. Other c h a ra c te ristic s of the new wage tren ds which d iffer from
the curren t ones include (1) earnings data of office c le r ic a l w ork ers and in d u strial n u rse s
a re converted to an hourly b a s is , and (2) trend e stim a te s a re provided for nonmanufacturing
e stabli shment s .
F o r a m ore detailed descrip tion of the new method used to compute a r e a wage survey
in dexes, see "Im proving A rea Wage Survey In d exes, " Monthly L ab o r Review, Jan u ary 1973,
pp. 52-57,

8

A. Occupational earnings
T a b l e A -1 . O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s : W e e k l y e a r n i n g s
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Charleston, W Va., March 1973)
.
Weekly earnings *
(standard)
N

b

O ccu p ation and in d u stry d iv isio n
workeis

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g straight - t i m e w e e k l y earnijigs of$

Average
weekly
[standard)

65
Mean ^

Median t

Middle ranged

1

$

*
70

*
75

$

*
80

85

S
90

i

$

$
100

95

n o

S
120

$
130

$

t
190

150

$
160

i
170

s
180

$
190

s
200

t
210

and
under

65

70

220
and

75

80

n o

120

130

85

90

95

100

“

9

1

1

2

_

8
8

_

-

2
2

3
3

2
2

12
11

1
“

1
1

9

4

2
2

9
7

4

_

-

_

9

“

1
1

-

-

9
9

5
5

1
1

6
6
“

11
11
“

17

6
3
3
1

15
1
19
“

5
5

27
6
21
1

16

-

_

-

_

1
1

4

-

-

180

190

200

210

220

over

38
39

8
6

7
7

12
12

8
7

5
2

1
1

“

5
“

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
8
-

-

2
2

*

”

“

2
2

-

-

-

-

3
1

_

170

3
3

3
3

160

190

150

1

3

19
13

19
19
13

MEN AND WOMEN COMBINED;
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------------------

21

39.0

$
91.50

$
87.50

$
$
68.00-107.50

BILLERS. MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ----------------------------NO NMANUFACTURING -----------------

19
19

90.0
90.0

87.50
87.50

89.50
89.50

81.00-103.50
81.00-103.50

2
2

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

37
31

39.5
39.5

96.00
93.50

95.00
85.00

82.00-117.00
81.50-115.50

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

131
115

39.0
39.0

198.00
193.00

197.00
196.00

125.00-169.00
129.00-162.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING --------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

159
29
125
39

39.5
39,0
39.5
39.0

109.00
133.50
103.00
139.00

109.00
125.00
100.50
190.00

85.00-132.00
108.00-186.00
83.00-122.50
128.00-199.00

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

31
18

40.0
40.5

147.50
159.50

192.50
167.50

121.00-190.00
129.00-199.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

50
21

39.5
38.5

130.00
111.00

129.50
110.00

119.00-150.50
109.50-120.50

-

-

“

“

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS 8 -------NO NMANUFACTURING -----------------

107
84

38.0
37.5

102.00
100.50

103.00
101.50

93.00-112.50
91.00-110.00

_

-

-

“

MESSENGERS (OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS)-

20

38.0

103.50

97.50

85.50-109.50

-

SECRETARIES -------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

299
121
178
79

39.5
90.0
39.0
39.5

152.50
166.50
193.00
172.50

158.00
169.00
199.50
169.50

125.00-179.00
159.00-186.00
111.50-169.50
156.50-188.00

_

-

9

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

16
15

38.5
38.5

156.50
157.00

157.50
160.00

119.00-179.00
118.50-175.00

_

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

90
37

39.0
39.0

151.00
153.00

132.50
192.50

113.00-203.50
112.00-209.50

_

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

79
39
90

90.0
90.0
90.0

168.06
190.00
199.00

177.50
189.00
159.00

156.00-188.50
179.00-209.00
116.00-179.50

_

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NO NMANUFACTURING -----------------

169
83
86

39.5
90.0
39.0

196.00
158.00
139.00

155.50
161.00
137.00

126.00-168.50
150.50-177.50
105.00-162.50

-

9

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

96
30
66
21

39.5
90.0
39.5
39.0

113.50
120.50
110.50
190.00

105.00
110.50
103.00
137.50

92.00-139.50
100.00-151.00
85.00-133.00
120.50-152.50

-

See footnotes at end of tables.




9

1
1
_

-

4
-

4
_
-

_
*

17
“

-

1
1

-

3
3

5
9

10

-

2

9

_

9
9

4

9

7

18
2
16
15

"

“

2
2

6
2

2
1

3
1

2
1

-

2
2

4

~

2
*

4

1
1

6

6

8

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“
“

_

-

10
9

5
5

9

“

9

9
9

8
8

19
10

30
26

25
16

5
1

1
1

1
1

1
1

“

-

3

2

2

3

4

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

2
1
1

3
2
1

6
6

10
1

23
3
20

19
19
1

16
3
13
2

21

13
4

9

12
9

9

39
17
22
19

29
16
13

5

92
23
19
12

36
29
12
11

5
9
3

-

-

1
1

3
3

-

-

”

1
1

“

”

1
1

3
2

3
3

i
i

*

-

-

4

9

4

9

9

9

1
”

3
3

1
1

i
i

“

2
2

4

“

8
6

-

“

19
10

3
3

10
10

-

-

“

*

*

-

-

-

.

-

“

-

-

-

-

*

“

*

~

_

4

-

-

-

-

-

2
1
1
15
15

“
1
1

5
1

4

“

-

1

9

12

1
1

-

1
-

i

"

-

-

-

5

9

3

-

3

9

1

5

-

”

3

9

1

5

“

6
1
5

7
3
9

3
2
1

3

5
1

4

15
3
12

8

3

8

7
1
6

15
8
7

9
9
5

32
21
11

29
19
15

5
2
3

6
6

8
6
2

18
7
11

11
6
5
2

6
i
5
9

5
5
3

7
1
6

2
1
1

7
6
1
1

3

9

9

“

3

-

-

”

“

*

-

-

-

-

9

19
10

11
2

4
4

9

8

2
1
1
1

-

1
1

1
1

8
8

-

“

n
5
6

-

-

1
1

“

9

1
1

1
1

“

9

“

1
1

-

17
19
3

3
2
1

-

-

1

-

-

1
1

3
3
3

-

-

-

-

-

16
11
5

-

-

9
T a b l e A -1 . O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s : W e e k l y e a r n i n g s ---- C o n t i n u e d
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division. Charleston, W Va., March 1973)
.
W eekly earnings 1
(standard )

O c c u p a t i o n a n d i n d u s t r y division

Num ber
of
workere

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s tra ig h t- tim e w eek ly e a r n in g s

S

A verage
w eekly
hours1
(standard]

M ean ^

M edian ^

M iddle ranged

$
65

Unde
*

s
70

75

80

s

$
85

90

$

95

t

$

100

110

S
120

s
130

»

140

150

75

$

170

180

%

s

t

190

$
210

200

220

-

over

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

-

-

95

-

1
1

7
-

8
1
7

13
6
7

18
13
5

26
19
7

14
3
11

3
2
1

8
5
3

4
4

9
9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

2
2

1
1

2
2

_

_

1

1
1

$

$

$

13 5 .5 0
142.50
1 2 6.00

1 3 3.50
1 35.00
1 2 8 .5 0

1 1 9 .0 0 -1 4 8 .0 0
1 2 6 .0 0 -1 6 6 .5 0
1 0 7 .0 0 -1 4 4 .5 0

-

“

“

“

“

7

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ---NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

31
27

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

90 .0 0
8 7 .5 0

8 0.00
7 4 .5 0

7 1 .0 0 -1 1 7 .5 0
7 0 .5 0 -1 1 7 .5 0

2
2

4
4

9
9

1
1

5

_

_

3

-

-

1
1

-

2
2

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTION ISTSNONMANUFACTURING -----------------

35
29

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

86 .0 0
8 5 .0 0

84 .0 0
83 .5 0

8 0 .0 0 79 .5 0 -

9 6.00
9 2 .5 0

1

3
3

_

-

-

5
5

11
10

3
3

3
3

5
3

2
1

-

29

40 .0

1 1 3 .0 0

1 09.00

1 0 2 .5 0 -1 1 8 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

2

‘ 1

2

11

8

1

-

2

2

130
129

39 .5
39 .5

10 4 .0 0
1 04.00

1 0 2 .0 0
1 02.50

9 0 .5 0 -1 1 8 .5 0
9 0 .5 0 -1 1 8 .5 0

6
6

_

10
9

_

5
5

11
11

13
13

17
17

20
20

20
20

9
9

10
10

7

2
2

TYPISTS, CLASS B -------------------NUNMANUFACTURING -----------------

%

90

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------

of—

85

80

63
48

i n

160

and

70

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NO NMANUFACTURING -----------------

%

and
under

65

MEN ANO WOMEN COMBINED—
CONTINUED

s

$

$
-

7

_

1

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

'

"

-

_

_

'

S e e footnotes at e n d of tables.

T a b le A -2 .

P r o f e s s io n a l a n d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s :

W e e k ly e a r n in g s

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s b y i n d u s t r y division, C h a r l e s t o n , W . V a . , M a r c h 1973)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

O c c u p a t i o n a n d i n d u s t r y divisii

Number
of
workere

$

Average
weekly
(standard'

Median 2

Middle ranged

$

$

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

160

170

180

%
190

n o

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

160

170

180

190

8

10
1
9

4

-

2
2

3

4

“

3
2
1

-

4

5
3
2

-

-

8

3

3

1

-

-

i

1

1

-

3

1

-

3

3

1

1
1

3
3

2
2

1
1

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

4

2
2

6
6

8
7

6

1
1

1

-

4

%
100

100

105

-

1

3

1

-

-

-

-

-

”

Under
Mean ^

Numbe r of workers receiving st raight-time weekly earnings of—
s
*
1
$
$
%
$
%
$
*
i

S

95

”

1

3

1

-

-

»

90

*

*

200

210

220

200

210

220

230

1
1

2
2

1
1

-

“

“

and
under

i

90

95

MEN AND WOMEN COMBINED,

$

$

142.50
172.50
129.00

132.50
172.50
124.00

121.00-164.00
143.00-201.00
118.00-135.00

-

39

38.5
40.0
38.0

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS 8 --------------

16

39.0

169.50

175.00

146.00-193.00

-

-

-

-

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C -------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------

15
15

38.5
38.5

122.50
122.50

130.00
130.00

95.00-150.00
95.00-150.00

i
i

3
3

2
2

1
1

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED!
MANUFACTURING ----------------

32
28

40.0
40.0

176.50
173.50

177.50
173.00

165.50-191.00
163.00-185.00

_

-

-

-

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B --MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------

See footnotes at end of tables.




57
18

$

$
-

-

4

_

_

_

-

-

-

i
i

_

-

-

-

-

.

-

-

.

_

4

3

6

_
4
4

3
3

“

“

1

-

10
T a b le A -3 .

O ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s :

A v e ra g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s , b y sex

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Charleston, W. Va., March 1973)
Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

OFFICE

OCCUPATIONS

-

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
M A C H I N E ) --------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S B --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------

OPERATORS

9

NONMANUFACTURING

Number
of
workers

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 7 .5 ^
8 7 .5 0

33
27

3 9 .0

9 1 .0 0

76
70

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 3 9 .0 0
1 4 8 .0 0

141
20

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 0 5 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0

121
30

3 9 .5

1 0 2 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0

24

3 9 .0

1 3 5 .0 0

A ---------------

47

3 9 .5

1 2 9 .0 0

----------------------------------

21

3 8 .5

S E C R E T A R I E S ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----NONMANUFACTURING PUBLIC UTILITIES

an d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

39.5

117
178
74

4 0 .0
3 9 .0

16
15

3 8 .5

SECRETARIES, CLASS B N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------

40
37

SECRETARIES, CLASS C
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---

3 9 .5

1 5 2 .5 0
1 6 7 .0 0
1 4 3 .0 0
1 7 2 .5 0

Weekly
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
WOMEN— CONTINUED
295

Number
of
workers

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

-

$
S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

31
27

39.0
39.0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSN O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

35
29

39.5
39.0

$
9 0 .0 0
8 7 .5 0
8 6 .0 0
8 5 .0 0

3 8 .5

1 5 6 .5 0
1 5 7 .0 0

TYPISTS,

A --------------------------

29

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 5 1 .0 0
1 5 3 .0 0

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S B -------- -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------

130
129

39.5
39.5

1 0 4 .0 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 6 8 .0 0
1 9 0 .0 0

40

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S D ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

165
86

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 4 5 .5 0

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------

32
17

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 5 0 .5 0
1 7 5 .5 0

15

3 9 .5

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G E N E R A L ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

1 2 2 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN,

15

4 0 .0

1 6 5 .0 0

32
28

4 0 .0

1 7 6 .5 0

4 0 .0

1 7 3 .5 0

74
34

1 4 9 .0 0

1 3 4 .0 0

95

3 9 .5

CLASS

1 1 3 .0 0

4 0 .0

65

20

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 2 0 .5 0
1 0 9 .5 0
1 3 9 .0 0

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 3 5 .5 0
1 4 2 .5 0

B ---------------

106

----------------------------------

83

3 8 .0

37.5

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
O C C U PATIONS - MEN

CLASS

C

PROFESSIONAL

------------------------------------

AND

OCCUPATIONS
STENOGRAPHERS,

SENIOR

1 0 2 .0 0

MANUFACTURING ------

63

1 0 0 .5 0

NONMANUFACTURING

48

—

1 0 4 .0 0

1 1 3 .0 0

30

1 1 1 .0 0

CLASS

o c c u p a t io n ,

1 4 3 .5 0

42

S ex,

9 4 .0 0

3 8 .5

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

-

$
9 1 .5 0

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S A ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

19
19

4*

K EYPUNCH

CLASS

39.0

O
O

--------------------------------------------

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
WOMEN— CONTINUED

21

Average

Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

O

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S A ---------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS,
NONMANUFACTURING

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

O

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S B ------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------

PAYROLL

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

WOMEN

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
M A C H I N E ) ---------------------------------------------------------

CLERKS,

Number
of
workers

39.5

1 2 6 .0 0

-

TECHNICAL
WOMEN

N U R S E S , I N D U S T R I A L ( R E G I S T E R E D ) -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

See footnote at end of tables.




I

T a b le A -4 .

M a in te n a n c e

and

p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a tio n s :

H o u r ly e a r n in g s

(Average straight-time hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Charleston, W Va., March 1973)
.
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings3

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Under

%-------1------- i -----*-------i -------- 1
------ 1------ i ------ i -------i -------5
-------5
-------$------- i ------ s----3.3 0 3.4 0 3 . SO 3.6 0 3 . TO 3.8 0 3.90 4.00 4.10 4.2 0 4.30 4.4 0 4 . 5 0 4.6 0 4.7 0

3.40

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------

99
99

$

4.99
4.99

$

5.07
5.07

$

4.944.94-

4.98
4.98

5.02
5.02

4.914.91-

3.70

3.80

3.90

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------

139
131

5.03
5.07

5.06
5.07

4.974.98-

4.10

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------

120
107

4.96
4.95

4.99
5.00

4.864.83-

$

5

5

5.60

5.80

i
6.00

155
41
114
92

5.10
4.34
5.38
5.58

5.23
4.49
5.54
5.58

4.853.924.945.50-

5.59
5.01
6.03
6.04

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------

288
279

4.99
5.02

5.05
5.06

4.964.96-

5.23
5.24

M I L L W R I G H T S -----MANUFACTURING

119
119

5.02
5.02

5.03
5.03

4.954.95-

4.97
4.99

5.00
5.00

4.924.92-

5.25
5.25

334
334

4.99
4.99

5.01
5.01

4.944.94-

5.20
5.20

4.50

4.60

4.70

4.80

5.00

5.20

5.40

5.60

5.80

6.00

6.20

-

_

4
4

-

20
20

19
19

43
43

-

-

-

-

“

12
12

_

”

-

*

-

44
44

_

1
1

59
58

38
38

83
83

-

_

_

1
1

11
4

-

“

1
1

33
33

39
39

54
54

-

“
7
7

5
5

-

41
30

25
25

29
29

-

4
2
2
2

1
-

2
-

1
1

2
2

7
6
1

4
4
-

“

39
10
29
13

12
12

2
2

6
6

1
1

71
66

78
78

107
10 7

1
1

-

44
44

34
34

35
35

1
1

4
4

4
4

-

-

-

20
20

-

-

-

1
1

26
26

9
9

-

_

121
121

93
93

5.22
5.22

61
58

4.40

4.30

5.21
5.21

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
( M A I N T E N A N C E ) -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----NONMANUFACTURING PUBLIC UTILITIES

4.20

1
1

5.24
5.24




5.20 5.40

5
5

4.00

5.23
5.23

See footnotes at end of tables

i

5.00

ii
ii

3.60

5.24
5.24

228
227

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------

S

2
2

3.50

$

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------

*
4.80

and
3»30 under

$

1

1
1

-

_

10
10

-

1
1

2
2

1
1

-

2

-

-

3
3

*

*

_
-

“
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

”

“

2
"

36
36
36

-

-

_

“

_
-

*

38
38
38

-

_

“

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

28
28

1

84
84

_

12
T a b le A -5 .

C u sto d ia l a n d

m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t io n s :

H o u r ly e a r n in g s

(Average straight-time hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division* Charleston. W Va., March 1973)
.
Hourly earn in gs3

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num ber
of
workers

(
M ean 2

M e d ian 2

M iddle range 2

S

1.60

1.70 1.80

(

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
S
(

«

(

t

1.90

2.00

2.10

2.20

2.30

2 . A0

and
under
1.70

2.60

1.80

1.90

2.00

2.10

2.20

2.30

2 . A 0 12.60

2.80

2.80

3.00

3.00

—

3.20

-

3 . A0

-

3.60

-

3.80

-

A . 00

-

A . 20

-

A.A0

-

A . 60

—

3.20

3 . A0

3.60

3.80

A.00

A . 20

A.A0

A.60

A . 80

-

-

-

9
7

-

7
7

-

17
17

10
10

5

A . 80

-

5.00

-

5.20

and

5.00

5.20

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

5

“

9

2

-

-

-

MEN
$
2.75
A . 30

$
2.02
A.AA

$
$
1.86- A.06
A . 05- A.55

J A N I T O R S , P O R T E R S , A N D C L E A N E R S ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

332
121
211

2.60
3.5A
2.07

2.16
A . 01
1.76

1.693.121.66-

3.81
A. 06
2.19

L A B O R E R S , M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

175
57
118

3.05
3.69
2.7A

3.06
A . 12
2.80

2.213.231.98-

A . 11
A . 17
3.13

-------------------------

53

A . 51

A . 65

in

TRUCKDRIVERS
----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

599
222
377
157

A . 52
A . 25
4.68
5.63

4.74
A.A8
A . 88
5.67

A.033.80A . 255.63-

6

25

8

6

17

23

28

1
22

5.00
A.67
5.65
5.91

13

8

8

8

i
-

X
4
2
2

2A
7
17
6

12
12

1

-

-

6

1

67
66
1
39
33
6

*
2
2

9

-

-

-

1

-

-

8

25

-

R

5

3A
19
15

10
10

12
7
5

15
12
3
3

15
1
1A
6

68
65
3
1

71

133

i
i

*1A 7

-

_

_

“

~

“

3.56
3.25

6
6

12
1

9
“

2
“

1
1

3
3

1
“

TR UCKDRIVERS, HE AV Y (OVER A TONS,
T R A I L E R T Y P E ) ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

196
28
168
1A7

5.35
3. 8 6
5.60
5.72

5.65
3.83
5.66
5.67

5.233.A75.625.63-

5.69
A . 16
5.70
5.91

3
3

6
6

4

-

6
6

5
5

-

A TONS,
---------

60

A . 06

3.52-

A. 77

-

8

15

2

-

-

T R U C K E R S , P O W E R ( F O R K L I F T ) ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

30
30

3.81
3.81

3.79
3.79

3.A63.A6-

A.A5
A.A5

_

-

3
3

7
7

_

-

-

-

1A

- Workers were distributed as follows:




106

at

$5 .6 0

to

$5.80;

and 41 at $5.80 to $6.

~

_

2.951.85-

*

* 1A 7
1A7
147

3
1
2

3
3

16
2
1A

-

4

4

11

11

-

_

1A

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

2
2

-

12
12 1

1A7
1A7

3.33
3.12

A

68
3

-

3.10
2.73

See footnotes at end of tables.

“

2

23
22
1

A5
21

(OVER
TYPE)

-

-

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 T O N S ) ---------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY
OTHER THAN TRAILER

-

17
3
1A

*
o
o

CLERKS

1

RECEIVING

5

4
A

28

C
O

121
A1

*

G U A R D S A N D W A T C H M E N --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

i
i

-

13

F o o tn o te s

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e
at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , an d th e e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d t o t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2 T h e m e a n i s c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h j o b b y t o t a l i n g th e e a r n i n g s o f a l l w o r k e r s a n d d i v i d i n g b y th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s ,
T h e m ed ia n
d e s i g n a t e s p o s i t i o n — h a l f o f th e e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e th a n th e r a t e s h o w n ; h a l f r e c e i v e l e s s th a n the r a t e s h o w n ,
The m id dle
r a n g e i s d e f i n e d b y 2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a f o u r t h o f th e w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s th a n t h e l o w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s an d a f o u r t h e a r n m o r e th a n the h i g h e r r a t e .
3 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e an d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , an d l a t e s h i f t s .




A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a tio n a l D e sc r ip tio n s

The p rim ary purpose of preparing job d escriptions for the B u reau 's wage surveys is to a s s is t its field staff in classify in g into appropriate
occupations w orkers who are employed under a variety of payroll title s and different work arrangem en ts from establishm ent to establishm ent and
from a re a to a re a . This p erm its the grouping of occupational wage rate s representing com parable job content. B ecau se of this em phasis on
interestablishm ent and in tera re a com parability of occupational content, the B u reau 's job descriptions m ay differ significantly from those in use in
individual establishm ents or those p repared for other p urp oses. In applying these job d escrip tion s, the B u reau 's field econom ists are instructed
to exclude working su p e rv iso rs; apprentices; le a rn e rs; beginners; train e es; and handicapped, p art-tim e, tem porary, and probationary w orkers.

O F F IC E
C LE R K , ACCOUNTING— Continued

B IL L E R , MACHINE
P re p a re s statem en ts, b ills, and invoices on a m achine other than an ordinary or electrom atic typew riter. May a lso keep reco rd s as to billings or shipping ch arges or perform other
c le ric al work incidental to billing operations. F o r wage study p urp oses, b ille r s , m achine, are
c la ssifie d by type of m achine, as follows:
B ille r, machine (billing m achine). U ses a sp ecial billing machine (combination typing
and adding machine) to p rep are b ills and invoices from custom ers' purchase o rd e rs, in ter­
nally prepared o rd e rs, shipping m em orandum s, etc. U sually involves application of p r e ­
determined discounts and shipping ch arges and entry of n ece ssa ry extension s, w hich.m ay or
m ay not be computed on the billing m achine, and to tals which are autom atically accum ulated
by m achine. The operation usually involves a la rge number of carbon copies of the bill being
prepared and is often done on a fanfold m achine.
B ille r, m achine (bookkeeping m achine). U se s a bookkeeping m achine (with or without
a typew riter keyboard) to p rep are cu sto m ers' bills a s p art of the accounts receivable o p e ra­
tion. G enerally involves the sim ultaneous entry of figu res on cu stom ers' ledger record . The
m achine autom atically accum ulates figu res on a number of v ertical columns and computes
and usually prints autom atically the debit or credit balan ces. Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sa le s and cred it slip s.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
O perates a bookkeeping m achine (with or without a typew riter keyboard) to keep a record
of bu sin ess tran sactio n s.
C la ss A. K eeps a set of reco rd s requiring a knowledge of and experience in b asic
bookkeeping p rin cip le s, and fam iliarity with the stru cture of the p articu lar accounting system
used. D eterm ines proper reco rd s and distribution of debit and credit item s to be used in each
phase of the work. May p rep are consolidated rep o rts, balance sheets, and other record s
by hand.
C la ss B. K eeps a record of one or m ore p h ases or sections of a set of record s usually
requiring little knowledge of b asic bookkeeping. P h ases or sections include accounts payable,
payroll, cu sto m ers' accounts (not including a sim ple type of billing d escribed under biller,
m achine), co st distribution, expense distribution, inventory control, etc. May check or a s s is t
in preparation of tr ia l balances and p rep are control sheets for the accounting departm ent.
C LE R K , ACCOUNTING
P erfo rm s one or m ore accounting c le ric al task s such as posting to r e g iste rs and le d g e rs:
reconciling bank accounts: verifying the internal consistency, com pleteness, and m athem atical
accu racy of accounting docum ents; assignin g p resc rib e d accounting distribution codes; examining
and verifying for c le ric al accu racy variou s types of rep o rts, lis t s , calculations, posting, etc.;
o r preparing sim ple or a ssistin g in preparing m ore com plicated journal vouchers. May work
in either a manual or automated accounting system .
The work req u ires a knowledge of c le ric al methods and office p ractice s and procedures
which re late s to the c le ric al p ro cessin g and recording of tran saction s and accounting information.
With experience, the worker typically becom es fam iliar with the bookkeeping and accounting te rm s
and procedures used in the assig n ed work, but is not required to have a knowledge of the form al
principles of bookkeeping and accounting.




P osition s a re c la ssifie d into levels on the b a sis of the following definitions.
C la ss A . Under general supervision, perform s accounting c le r ic a l operations which
require the application of experience and judgment, for exam ple, cle rically p rocessin g com ­
plicated or nonrepetitive accounting tran saction s, selectin g among a substantial variety of
p rescrib e d accounting codes and cla ssific a tio n s, or tracin g tran saction s through previous
accounting actions to determ ine source of d iscre p an cies. May be a ss is te d by one or m ore
c la ss B accounting cle rk s.
C la ss B . Under close supervision, following detailed in struction s and standardized p ro ­
cedu res, perform s one or m ore routine accounting c le ric a l operations, such as posting to
le d g e rs, c a rd s, or w orksheets where identification of item s and locations of postings are
cle arly indicated; checking accu racy and com pleteness of standardized and repetitive record s
or accounting documents; and coding documents using a few p rescrib e d accounting codes.
C LE R K , F IL E
F ile s , c la s s ifie s , and retrie v e s m ate rial in an establish ed filing system . May perform
cle ric al and m anual task s required to m aintain file s. P osition s a re c la ssifie d into levels on the
b a sis of the following definitions.
C la ss A . C la s sifie s and indexes file m ate rial such a s correspondence, rep orts, tech­
nical docum ents, e tc., in an established filing system containing a number of varied subject
m atter file s . May also file this m ate rial. May keep reco rd s of various types in conjunction
with the file s. May lead a sm all group of lower level file cle rk s.
C la ss B . S o rts, codes, and file s u n classified m ate rial by sim ple (subject m atter) head­
ings or p artly c la ssifie d m ate rial by finer subheadings. P re p a re s sim ple related index and
c ro ss-r e fe re n c e aid s. As requested, locates cle arly identified m ate rial in files and fo r ­
w ards m ate rial. May perform related c le ric a l ta sk s required to m aintain and service file s.
C la ss C . P erfo rm s routine filing of m ate rial that has already been cla ssifie d or which
is e asily c la ssifie d in a sim ple se r ia l cla ssifica tio n system (e.g ., alphabetical, chronological,
or num erical). As requested, locates readily available m ate rial in file s and forw ards m a ­
te ria l; and m ay fill out withdrawal charge. May perform sim ple c le ric a l and manual task s
required to m aintain and serv ice file s.
C LE R K , ORDER
R eceives cu sto m ers' o rd e rs for m aterial or m erchandise by m ail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the following: Quoting o r ie c s to cu stom ers; making out an order
sheet listin g the item s to m ake up the ord er; checking p ric e s and quantities of item s on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to resp ective departm ents to be filled . May check with credit
departm ent to determ ine cred it rating of custom er, acknowledge receipt of ord e rs from custom ers,
follow up ord e rs to see that they have been filled , keep file of o rd e rs received, and check shipping
invoices with original o rd e rs.
C LE R K , PAYROLL
Computes wages of company em ployees and enters the n e c e ssa ry data on the payroll
sh eets. Duties involve: Calculating w ork ers' earnings based on tim e or production reco rd s; and
posting calculated data on payroll sheet, showing inform ation such a s w ork er's name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions for in suran ce, and total w ages due. May m ake out paychecks and
a s s is t p ay m aster in m aking up and distributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

NOTE: The Bureau has discontinued collecting data for com ptom eter o p e rato rs.

14

15
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

SECRETARY— Continued

O perates a keypunch machine to reco rd or v erify alphabetic and /or num eric data on
tabulating ca rd s or on tape.

NO TE: The term "corp orate o fficer, " used in the level definitions following, r e fe r s to
those officials who have a significant corporate-w ide policymaking role with regard to m ajor
company a ctiv ities. The title "vice p re sid e n t," though norm ally indicative of this role, does not
in all c a se s identify such p ositions. Vice presiden ts whose prim ary responsibility is to act p e r ­
sonally on individual c a se s or tran saction s (e.g ., approve or deny individual loan or cred it actions;
adm inister individual tru st accounts; directly sup ervise a cle ric al staff) are not considered to be
"corp orate o ffic e rs" for purposes of applying the following level definitions.

P ositions a re c la ssifie d into lev els on the b a sis of the following definitions.
C la ss A . Work req u ires the application of experience and judgment in selectin g p ro ce ­
dures to be followed and in searching fo r, interpreting, selectin g, or coding item s to be
keypunched from a variety of source docum ents. On occasion may a lso perform some routine
keypunch work. May train inexperienced keypunch o p e rato rs.
C la ss B . Work is routine and repetitive. Under close supervision or following specific
p roced ures or instruction s, works from variou s standardized source documents which have
been coded, and follows specified procedures which have been p rescrib ed in detail and require
little or no selectin g, coding, or interpreting of data to be recorded. R e fe rs to su p ervisor
problem s a risin g from erroneous item s or codes or m issin g information.
MESSENGER (Office Boy or Girl)
P erfo rm s various routine duties such as running e rra n d s, operating m inor office m a­
chines such as se a le r s or m a ile r s, opening and distributing m ail, and other m inor c le ric a l work.
Exclude positions that require operation of a m otor vehicle as a significant duty.

C la s s A
1. S ecretary to the chairm an of the board or president of a company that em ploys, in
a ll, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 p e rso n s; or
2. S ecre tary to a corporate officer (other than the chairm an of the board or president)
of a company that em ploys, in all, over 5, 000 but fewer than 25, 000 p e rso n s; or
3. S ecre tary to the head, im m ediately below the corporate officer level, of a m ajor
segm ent or su bsid iary of a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 25,000 p e rso n s.
C la ss B
1. S ecretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that em ploys, in
all, fewer than 100 p e rso n s; or
2. S ecre tary to a corporate officer (other than the chairm an of the board or president)
of a company that em ploys, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 p e rso n s; or

A ssigned a s person al se c re tary , norm ally to one individual. M aintains a close and highly
responsive relationship to the day-to-day work of the su p e rv iso r. Works fa irly independently r e ­
ceiving a minimum of detailed supervision and guidance. P erfo rm s varied c le r ic a l and se c r e ta r ia l
duties, usually including m ost of the following:

3. S ecre tary to the head, im m ediately below the officer level, over either a m ajor
corporate-w ide functional activity (e.g ., m arketing, rese arch , operations, industrial relation s, etc.) or~a m ajor geographic or organizational segm ent (e.g ., a regional headquarters;
a m ajor division) of a company that em ploys, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
em ployees; or
4. S ecre tary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that em ploys, in a ll, over 5,000 p e rso n s; or

a. R eceives telephone c a lls, person al c a lle r s , and incoming m ail, answ ers routine
inquires, and routes technical in quiries to the proper p erson s;

5. S ecre tary to the head of a large and im portant organizational segm ent (e.g., a middle
m anagem ent su p e rv iso r of an organizational segm ent often involving as many as sev e ral
hundred person s) or a company that em ploys, in all, over 25,000 p e rso n s.

SECRETARY

b.

E sta b lish e s, m aintains, and r e v ise s the su p e rv iso r's files;

c.

Maintains the su p e rv iso r's calendar and m akes appointments as instructed;

d.

R elays m e ssa g e s from su p e rv iso r to subordinates;

e. Reviews correspondence, m em orandum s, and rep orts prepared by others for the
su p e rv iso r's signature to a ssu r e procedural and typographic accuracy:
f.

P erfo rm s stenographic and typing work.

May a lso perform other c le r ic a l and s e c r e ta r ia l ta sk s of com parable nature and difficulty.
The work typically req u ires knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organization,
p ro g ra m s, and procedures related to the work of the su p e rv iso r.
Exclusions
Not a ll positions that are titled "s e c re ta r y " p o s s e s s the above c h a ra c te ristic s. Exam ples
of positions which are excluded from the definition are a s follow s:
a.

P osition s which do not m eet the "p e rso n a l" se cre tary concept d escribed above;

b.

Stenographers not fully trained in s e c r e ta r ia l type duties;

c. Stenographers serving a s office a ssista n ts to a group of p ro fe ssio n al, technical, or
m an agerial p erso n s;
d. S ec re ta ry positions in which the duties are either substantially m ore routine or
substantially m ore com plex and respon sible than those characterized in the definition;
e. A ssista n t type positions which involve m ore difficult or m ore respon sible tech­
n ical, adm in istrativ e, sup erv iso ry , or sp ecialized c le ric a l duties which a re not typical of
s e c r e ta r ia l work.




C la ss C
1. S ecre tary to an executive or m an agerial person whose respon sibility is not equivalent
to one of the sp ecific level situations in the definition for c la ss B, but whose organizational
unit norm ally num bers at le a st sev e ral dozen em ployees and is usually divided into o rg an iza­
tional segm ents which a re often, in turn, further subdivided. In some com panies, this level
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or two; or
2. S ecre ta ry to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that em ploys, in a ll, fewer than 5,000 p e rso n s.
C la ss D
1. S ecre tary to the su p ervisor or head of a sm all organizational unit (e.g., fewer than
about 25 or 30 p erson s); or
2. S ecre tary to a n onsupervisory staff sp e c ia list, p rofession al employee, a d m in istra­
tive o fficer, or a ssista n t, skilled technician or expert. (NOTE: Many com panies assig n
sten ographers, rather than se c r e ta r ie s a s described above, to this level of su p ervisory or
nonsupervisory w orker.)
STENOGRAPHER
P rim ary duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to tran scrib e the dictation. May
a lso type from written copy. May operate from a stenographic pool. May occasion ally tran scrib e
from voice recordings (if p rim ary duty is tran scrib in g from record in gs, see Transcribing-M achine
O perator, G eneral).
NO TE: This job is distinguished from that of a se cre tary in that a secre tary norm ally
works in a confidential relationship with only one m anager or executive and p erform s m ore
respon sible and d iscretion ary task s as d escribed in the se cre tary job definition.
Stenographer, General
Dictation involves a norm al routine vocabulary. May m aintain file s, keep sim ple re c o rd s,
or perform other relatively routine cle ric al ta sk s.

16
STENOGRAPHER— Continued

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (E lectric Accounting Machine Operator)— Continued

Stenographer, Senior

Positions are c la ssifie d into levels on the b a sis of the following definitions.

Dictation involves a varied technical or sp ecialized vocabulary such a s in legal briefs
or reports on scien tific re se a rc h . May also set up and m aintain file s, keep reco rd s, etc.
OR
P erfo rm s stenographic duties requiring significantly g rea ter independence and respon ­
sibility than stenographer, general, a s evidenced by the following: Work requ ires a high
degree of stenographic speed and accu racy; a thorough working knowledge of general bu sin ess
and office procedure; and of the specific b u sin ess operations, organization, p o licies, p ro ce ­
d u res, file s, workflow, etc. U ses this knowledge in perform ing stenographic duties and
respon sible c le ric al task s such a s m aintaining followup file s; assem blin g m ate rial for rep orts,
m em orandum s, and le tte r s; com posing sim ple le tters from general in struction s; reading and
routing incoming m ail; and answ ering routine questions, etc.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
C la ss A . O perates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office c a lls . P erfo rm s full telephone information serv ice or handles
com plex c a lls , such as conference, co llect, o v e rse a s, or sim ilar c a lls, either in addition to
doing routine work as d escribed for switchboard op erator, c la ss B, or a s a full-tim e
assignm ent. ("F u ll" telephone inform ation se rv ic e occurs when the establishm ent has varied
functions that a re not readily understandable for telephone information p u rp oses, e .g ., because
of overlapping or in terrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problem s as to
which extensions are appropriate for c a lls.)
C la ss B. O perates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office c a lls . May handle routine long distance c a lls and record to lls.
May perform lim ited telephone inform ation se rv ic e . ("L im ite d " telephone information serv ice
o ccu rs if the functions of the establishm ent serv iced are readily understandable for telephone
information p u rp o ses, or if the requ ests are routine, e .g ., giving extension num bers when
sp ecific nam es are furnished, or if com plex c a lls a re referre d to another operator.)
These c la ssific a tio n s do not include switchboard op erators in telephone com panies who
a s s i s t cu sto m ers in placing c a lls.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATO R-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to perform ing duties of operator on a single-position or m onitor-type switch­
board, a cts a s receptionist and m ay also type or perform routine c le rical work a s p art of regu lar
duties. This typing or c le ric a l work m ay take the m ajo r p art of this w ork er's tim e while at
switchboard.
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (E lectric Accounting Machine Operator)
O perates one or a variety of m achines such as the tabulator, calcu lator, collator, in ter­
p rete r, so rte r, reproducing punch, etc. Excluded from this definition are working su p e rv iso rs.
A lso excluded a re o p erato rs of electronic digital com puters, even though they m ay a lso operate
EAM equipment.

C la ss A. . P erfo rm s com plete reporting and tabulating assign m en ts including devising
difficult control panel wiring under general supervision. A ssignm ents typically involve a
variety of long and com plex rep orts which often are irre g u la r or nonrecurring, requiring
som e planning of the nature and sequencing of operations, and the use of a variety of m a ­
chines. Is typically involved in training new op erators in m achine operations or training
lower level op erators in wiring from d iag ram s and in the operating sequences of long and
com plex rep o rts. Does not include positions in which wiring respon sibility is lim ited to
selection and in sertion of prew ired boards.
C la s s B . P erfo rm s work according to established procedures and under specific in­
stru ctions. A ssignm ents typically involve com plete but routine and recu rrin g reports or p arts
of la r g e r and m ore com plex rep o rts. O perates m ore difficult tabulating or electrical a c ­
counting m achines such a s the tabulator and calcu lator, in addition to the sim pler m achines
used by c la ss C o p e rato rs. May be required to do som e wiring from d iag ram s. May train
new em ployees in basic machine operations.
C la ss C . Under sp ecific instruction s, operates sim ple tabulating or ele ctrical accounting
m achines such a s the so rte r, in terp reter, reproducing punch, collato r, etc. Assignm ents
typically involve portions of a work unit, for exam ple, individual sortin g or collating runs,
or repetitive operations. May perform sim ple wiring from d iag ram s, and do some filing work.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
P rim ary duty is to tran scrib e dictation involving a norm al routine vocabulary from
tran scribing-m achine re co rd s. May also type from written copy and do sim ple cle ric al work.
W orkers tran scrib in g dictation involving a varied technical or sp ecialized vocabulary such as
legal brie fs or rep orts on scien tific rese arch a re not included. A worker who takes dictation
in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine is c la ssifie d a s a stenographer.
TYPIST
U se s a typew riter to m ake copies of various m a te ria ls or to m ake out bills after c a lcu la ­
tions have been m ade by another person. May include typing of sten cils, m ats, or sim ilar m ate ­
r ia ls for use in duplicating p ro c e s s e s . May do c le ric a l work involving little sp ecial training, such
a s keeping sim ple re co rd s, filing record s and rep o rts, or sorting and distributing incoming m ail.
C la ss A. P erfo rm s one or m ore of the following: Typing m aterial in final form when
it involves combining m ate rial from sev e ral so u rces; or resp on sibility for co rrect spelling,
syllabication, punctuation, e tc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language m ate ­
rial; or planning layout and typing of com plicated sta tistic a l tab les to maintain uniform ity
and balance in spacing. May type routine form le tte r s, varying d etails to suit circu m stan ces.
C la ss B . P erform s one or m ore of the following: Copy typing from rough or cle ar
d rafts; or routine typing of fo rm s, insurance p o licie s, etc.; or setting up sim ple standard
tabulations; or copying m ore com plex tab les already set up and spaced properly.

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
COMPUTER OPERATOR
M onitors and op erates the control console of a digital com puter to p ro c e ss data according
to operating in struction s, usually prepared by a p ro g ram er. Work includes m ost of the following:
Studies instructions to determ ine equipment setup and operations; loads equipment with required
item s (tape r e e ls , c a rd s, etc.); switches n ec e ssa ry auxiliary equipment into circu it, and sta rts
and o p erates com puter; m akes adjustm ents to com puter to co rrect operating problem s and m eet
sp ecial conditions; reviews e rr o r s m ade during operation and determ ines cause or r e fe r s problem
to su p erv iso r or p ro gram er; and m aintains operating re c o rd s. May test and a s s is t in correcting
program .
F o r wage study p u rp o ses, computer o p erato rs are c la ssifie d as follows:
C la ss A. O perates independently, or under only general direction, a computer running
p ro gram s with m ost of the following c h a ra c te ristic s: New p rogram s a re frequently tested
and introduced; scheduling requirem ents a re of critical im portance to m inim ize downtime;
the p ro gram s a re of com plex design so that identification of e rr o r source often req u ires a
working knowledge of the total p ro gram , and alternate p rogram s m ay not be available. May
give direction and guidance to lower level o p erato rs.
C la ss B. O perates independently, or under only general direction, a com puter running
p ro g ram s with m ost of the following c h a ra c te ristic s: M ost of the p rogram s are established
production run s, typically run on a regu larly recu rrin g b a sis; there is little or no testing




COMPUTER OPERATOR— Continued
of new p rogram s required; alternate p rogram s are provided in ca se original program needs
m ajor change or cannot be corrected within a reasonable tim e. In common e rro r situ a­
tion s, diagnoses cause and tak es corrective action. This usually involves applying previously
program ed corrective step s, or using standard correction techniques.
OR
O perates under d irect supervision a com puter running program 's or segm ents of p rogram s
with the ch a ra c te ristic s d escribed for c la ss A. May a s s is t a higher level operator by inde­
pendently perform ing le s s difficult task s assig n ed , and perform ing difficult task s following
detailed instructions and with frequent review of operations p erform ed.
C la ss C . Works on routine p rogram s under clo se supervision . Is expected to develop
working knowledge of the com puter equipment used and ability to detect problem s involved in
running routine p ro g ra m s. U sually has received som e form al training in computer operation.
May a s s is t higher level operator on com plex p ro g ram s.
COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS
Converts statem ents of bu sin ess p roblem s, typically prepared by a system s analyst, into
a sequence of detailed in struction s which a re required to solve the problem s by autom atic data
p ro cessin g equipment. Working from charts or d iag ram s, the p rog ram er develops the p re c ise in­
structions which, when entered into the com puter system in coded language, cause the m anipulation

17
COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS— Continued
of data to achieve d esired re su lts. Work involves m ost of the following: Applies knowledge of
com puter cap ab ilities, m athem atics, logic employed by com puters, and p articu lar subject m atter
involved to analyze charts and d iagram s of the problem to be program ed; develops sequence
of p rogram step s; w rites detailed flow charts to show o rder in which data will be p ro cessed ;
converts these charts to coded instructions for m achine to follow; te sts and co rre c ts p rogram s;
p rep a re s instructions for operating personnel during production run; analyzes, review s, and a lters
p ro g ram s to in cre ase operating efficiency or adapt to new requirem ents; m aintains record s of
program development and rev isio n s. (NOTE: W orkers perform ing both sy stem s an alysis and p ro ­
gram ing should be c la ssifie d as system s an alysts if this is the sk ill used to determ ine their pay.)
Does not include em ployees p rim arily resp on sible for the m anagem ent or supervision of
other electron ic data p ro cessin g em ployees, or p ro g ra m ers p rim arily concerned with scientific
an d /o r engineering problem s.
F o r wage study p u rp o se s, p ro g ra m ers a re c la ssifie d as follows:
C la ss A. Works independently or under only general direction on com plex problem s which
require com petence in all ph ases of program ing concepts and p ractice s. Working from d ia­
gram s and ch arts which identify the nature of d esired re su lts, m ajor p ro cessin g steps to be
accom plished, and the relationsh ips between various step s of the problem solving routine;
plans the full range of program ing actions needed to efficiently utilize the com puter system
in achieving d esired end products.
At this level, program ing is difficult because com puter equipment m ust be organized to
produce sev e ral in terrelated but d iv erse products from numerous and d iv erse data elem ents.
A wide variety and extensive number of internal p ro cessin g actions m ust occur. This requ ires
such actions as development of common operations which can be reu sed, establishm ent of
linkage points between operations, adjustm ents to data when program requirem ents exceed
com puter storage capacity, and substantial manipulation and resequencing of data elem ents
to form a highly integrated p ro gram .
May provide functional direction to lower level p ro g ram ers who a re assign ed to a s s is t .
C la ss B.- Works independently or under only general direction on relatively sim ple
p ro g ra m s, or on sim ple segm ents of com plex p ro g ra m s. P rog ram s (or segm ents) usually
p ro c e ss information to produce data in two or three varied sequences or fo rm ats. Reports
and listin gs are produced by refining, adapting, arrayin g, or making m inor additions to or
deletions from input data which are readily available. While numerous reco rd s m ay be
p ro c essed , the data have been refined in p rio r actions so that the accu racy and sequencing
of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. Typically, the program d eals with
routine record-keeping type operations.
OR
Works on com plex p rogram s (as described for c la ss A) under close direction of a higher
level pro gram er or su p erv iso r. May a s s i s t higher level p rogram er by independently p e r ­
form ing le s s difficult task s assign ed , and perform ing m ore difficult ta sk s under fairly close
direction.
May guide or in struct lower level p ro g ra m ers.
C la ss C . Makes p ractical applications of program ing p ractices and concepts usually
learn ed in form al training c o u rse s. A ssignm ents are designed to develop competence in the
application of standard procedures to routine problem s. R eceives clo se supervision on new
a sp e c ts of assign m en ts; and work is reviewed to verify its accuracy and conformance with
required p ro ced ures.
COMPUTER SYSTEM S ANALYST, BUSINESS
Analyzes bu sin ess problem s to form ulate procedures for solving them by use of electronic
data p ro cessin g equipment. Develops a com plete description of all sp ecification s needed to enable
p ro g ra m ers to p rep are required digital computer p ro g ram s. Work involves m ost of the following:
A nalyzes subject-m atter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and c rite r ia required
to achieve satisfa c to ry resu lts; sp ecifies number and types of reco rd s, file s, and documents to
be used; outlines actions to be perform ed by personnel and com puters in sufficient detail for
presentation to m anagem ent and for program ing (typically this involves preparation of work and
data flow ch arts); coordinates the development of te st problem s and p articip ates in tr ia l runs of
new and rev ised sy stem s: and recom m ends equipment changes to obtain m ore effective overall
operations. (NOTE: W orkers perform ing both sy stem s an alysis and program ing should be c la s ­
sified a s sy stem s analysts if this is the sk ill used to determ ine their pay.)
Does not include em ployees p rim arily respon sible for the management or supervision
of other electronic data p ro cessin g em ployees, or system s an alysts p rim arily concerned with
scien tific or engineering problem s.
F o r wage study p u rp o ses, system s analysts are c la ssifie d a s follows:
C la ss A. Works independently or under only general direction on com plex problem s in­
volving all phases of system s a n aly sis. P roblem s a re com plex because of d iv erse so u rces of
input data and m ultiple-u se requirem ents of output data. (For exam ple, develops an integrated
production scheduling, inventory control, co st an a ly sis, and s a le s an aly sis record in which




COMPUTER SYSTEM S ANALYST, BUSINESS— Continued
every item of each type is autom atically p ro cessed through the full system of record s and
appropriate followup actions are initiated by the computer.) C onfers with persons concerned to
determ ine the data p rocessin g problem s and advises subject-m atter personnel on the im p lica ­
tions of new or revised system s of data p rocessin g operations. M akes recom m endations, if
needed, for approval of m ajor sy stem s in stallations or changes and for obtaining equipment.
May provide functional direction to lower level system s analysts who are assign ed to
a s s is t .
C la ss B. Works independently or under only general direction on problem s that are
relatively uncom plicated to analyze, plan, program , and operate. P roblem s are of lim ited
com plexity because sou rces of input data are homogeneous and the output data are closely
related. (F or exam ple, develops sy stem s for maintaining depositor accounts in a bank,
m aintaining accounts receivable in a retail establishm ent, or maintaining inventory accounts
in a m anufacturing or wholesale establishm ent.) Confers with person s concerned to determ ine
the data p ro cessin g problem s and ad vises subject-m atter personnel on the im plications of the
data p ro cessin g system s to be applied.
OR
Works on a segm ent of a com plex data p rocessin g schem e or system , as d escribed for
c la ss A. Works independently on routine assignm ents and rece iv e s instruction and guidance
on com plex assign m en ts. Work is reviewed for accu racy of judgment, com pliance with in­
structions, and to insure proper alinement with the overall system .
C la s s C. Works under im m ediate supervision, carryin g out analyses as assigned, usually
of a single activity. A ssignm ents are designed to develop and expand p ractical experience
in the application of procedures and sk ills required for system s an alysis work. For exam ple,
m ay a s s is t a higher level sy stem s analyst by preparing the detailed specifications required
by p ro g ra m ers from information developed by the higher level analyst.
DRAFTSMAN
C la ss A. Plans the graphic presentation of com plex item s having distinctive design
featu res that differ significantly from established drafting precedents. Works in close sup­
port with the design origin ator, and m ay recommend m inor design changes. Analyzes the
effect of each change on the d etails of form , function, and positional relationships of com ­
ponents and p a r ts. Works with a minimum of sup ervisory a ssista n c e . Completed work is
reviewed by design originator for consistency with prior engineering determ inations. May
either p rep are draw ings, or d irect their preparation by lower level draftsm en.
C la ss B . P erfo rm s nonroutine and com plex drafting assignm ents that require the appli­
cation of m ost of the standardized drawing techniques regu larly used. Duties typically in­
volve such work a s: P re p a re s working drawings of su b assem b lies with irre g u lar shapes,
m ultiple functions, and p re c ise positional relationsh ips between components; p rep are s a rch i­
tectu ral drawings for construction of a building including detail drawings of foundations, wall
section s, floor plans, and roof. U ses accepted form ulas and m anuals in making n ece ssa ry
computations to determ ine quantities of m ate rials to be used, load cap acitie s, stren gth s,
s t r e s s e s , etc. R eceives initial in struction s, requirem ents, and advice from su p e rv iso r.
Completed work is checked for technical adequacy.
C la ss C . P re p a re s detail drawings of single,units or p arts for engineering, construction,
m anufacturing, or rep air p u rp oses. Types of drawings prepared include isom etric projections
(depicting three dim ensions in accu rate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning of
components and convey needed inform ation. Consolidates details from a number of sou rces
and adju sts or tran sp o se s scale as required. Suggested methods of approach, applicable
preceden ts, and advice on source m a te ria ls are given with initial assignm ents. Instructions
are le s s com plete when assignm ents recu r. Work m ay be spot-checked during p r o g re ss.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings p repared by others by placing tracin g cloth or paper over
drawings and tracin g with pen or pencil. (Does not include tracin g lim ited to plans p rim arily
con sisting of straigh t lines and a la rg e scale not requiring close delineation.)
AND/OR
P re p a re s sim ple or repetitive drawings of e asily visualized item s. Work is closely supervised
during p r o g re ss.
ELECTRO N ICS TECHNICIAN
Works on various types of electronic equipment or system s by perform ing one or m ore
of the following operations: Modifying, in stallin g, repairing, and overhauling. These operations
require the perform ance of m ost or all of the following ta sk s: A ssem bling, testing, adjusting,
calibratin g, tuning, and alining.
Work is nonrepetitive and requ ires a knowledge of the theory and p ractice of electron ics
pertaining to the use of general and sp ecialized electronic te st equipment: trouble an aly sis; and
the operation, relationship, and alinement of electronic sy stem s, su b sy stem s, and circu its having
a variety of component p a rts.

18
ELECTRO N ICS TECHNICIAN— Continued

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL, (R egistered)

E lectron ic equipment or sy stem s worked on typically include one or m ore of the following;
Ground, vehicle, or airborne radio communications sy ste m s, relay sy ste m s, navigation a id s;
airborne or ground rad a r sy stem s; radio and television tran sm ittin g or recording sy stem s; e le c ­
tronic com puters; m iss ile and sp ace craft guidance and control sy stem s; in dustrial and m edical
m easuring, indicating and controlling devices; etc.

A reg iste re d n urse who gives nursing serv ice under general m ed ical direction to ill or
injured em ployees or other p erson s who become ill or suffer an accident on the p rem ises of a
factory or other establishm ent. Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving fir st aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent d ressin g of em ployees' in ju rie s; keeping records
of patients treated ; preparing accident reports for com pensation or other p urp oses; a ssistin g in
physical exam inations and health evaluations of applicants and em ployees; and planning and c a r r y ­
ing out p rogram s involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment,
or other activities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of a ll personnel. Nursing su p ervisors
or head n u rses in establishm ents employing m ore than one nurse a re excluded.

(Exclude production a sse m b le r s and te s t e r s , craftsm en , d raftsm en , d esig n e rs, engin eers,
and repairm en of such standard electronic equipment a s office m achines, radio and television
receiving se ts .)

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

P erfo rm s the carpentry duties n e c e ssa r y to construct and m aintain in good rep air build­
ing woodwork and equipment such as bins, c r ib s , counters, benches, p artition s, d oors, flo o rs,
s t a ir s , c a sin g s, and trim m ade of wood in an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blu eprin ts, draw ings, m odels, or verbal instruction s; using a
variety of c arp e n te r's handtools, portable power to o ls, and standard m easuring in strum ents; m ak ­
ing standard shop computations relating to dim ensions of work; and selecting m ate rials n e ce ssa ry
for the work. In general, the work of the m aintenance carpenter requ ires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
ELECTRICIAN , MAINTENANCE
P erfo rm s a variety of e le ctric a l trad e functions such a s the installation, m aintenance, or
rep a ir of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an e sta b ­
lishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of e le c ­
tr ic a l equipment such as ge n e rato rs, tr a n sfo r m e r s, sw itchboards, con trollers, circuit b re ak e rs,
m o to rs, heating units, conduit sy ste m s, or other tran sm issio n equipment; working from blue­
p rin ts, draw ings, layouts, or other sp ecificatio n s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le ctrica l
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirem ents of wiring or
e le ctric a l equipment; and using a variety of e le ctric ia n 's handtools and m easuring and testing
instrum ents. In gen eral, the work of the maintenance electrician requ ires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and m aintains and m ay a lso sup erv ise the operation of station ary engines and
equipment (mechanical or e le ctric a l) to supply the establishm ent in which employed with power,
heat, refrigeratio n , or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and m aintaining equipment
such as steam engines, a ir c o m p re sso rs, ge n e rato rs, m o to rs, turbines, ventilating and r e fr ig ­
erating equipment, steam b o ilers and bo iler-fed w ater pum ps; making equipment r e p a irs; and
keeping a record of operation of m achinery, tem p erature, and fuel consumption. May a lso su ­
p e rv ise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishm ents employing m ore than one
engineer a re excluded.

Produces replacem ent p arts and new p arts in making r e p a irs of m etal p arts of m echanical
equipment operated in an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following: Interpreting written
instructions and sp ecification s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of m ach in ist's
handtools and p recision m easurin g instrum ents; setting up and operating standard machine tools;
shaping of m etal p arts to close toleran ces; making standard shop computations relating to dimen­
sions of work, tooling, feed s, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working p roperties of
the common m etals; selecting standard m a te ria ls, p a r ts, and equipment required for his work;
and fitting and assem blin g p arts into m echanical equipment. In gen eral, the m ach in ist's work
norm ally req u ires a rounded training in m achine-shop p ractice usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

FIREM AN, STATIONARY BO ILER
F ir e s stationary bo ilers to furnish the establishm ent in which employed with heat, power,
or steam . F eed s fuels to fire by hand or operates a m echanical stoker, g a s, or oil burner; and
checks w ater and safety v a lv es. May clean, oil, or a s s i s t in repairing boilerroom equipment.
H E L PE R , MAINTENANCE TRADES
A s s is t s one or m ore w orkers in the skilled maintenance trad e s, by perform ing sp ecific
or general duties of le s s e r sk ill, such as keeping a w orker supplied with m ate rials and tools;
cleaning working a re a , m achine, and equipment; a ssistin g journeyman by holding m ate rials or
tools; and perform ing other unskilled ta sk s a s directed by journeym an. The kind of work the
helper is perm itted to perform v a rie s from trade to trad e: In som e trad es the helper is confined
to supplying, lifting, and holding m ate rials and to o ls, and cleaning working a r e a s; and in others
he is perm itted to perform sp ecialized machine operations, or p arts of a trad e that are also
perform ed by w orkers on a full-tim e b a sis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Sp ecializes in the operation of one or m ore types of machine to o ls, such a s jig b o r e rs,
cylindrical or surface grin d e rs, engine lathes, or m illing m achines, in the construction of
m achine-shop to o ls, gag e s, jig s , fix tu res, or d ies. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning
and perform ing difficult machining operations; p ro cessin g item s requiring com plicated setups or
a high degree of accu racy; using a variety of p recisio n m easuring instrum ents; selectin g feed s,
sp eeds, tooling, and operation sequence; and making n e c e ssa ry adjustm ents during operation
to achieve requ isite toleran ces or dim ensions. May be required to recognize when tools need
d re ssin g , to d re ss to o ls, and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. F or
c ro ss-in d u stry wage study p u rp o ses, m achine-tool o p erato rs, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing
shops a re excluded from this c lassificatio n .




MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (Maintenance)
R ep airs autom obiles, b u se s, m otortruck s, and tr a c to r s of an establishm ent. Work in­
volves m ost of the following: Exam ining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; d is ­
assem blin g equipment and perform ing rep a irs that involve the use of such handtools as w renches,
g ag e s, d r ills , or sp ecialized equipment in d isassem b lin g or fitting p a r ts; replacing broken or
defective p arts from stock; grinding and adjusting v alv es; reassem b lin g and in stalling the various
a sse m b lie s in the vehicle and making n e c e ssa ry adjustm ents; and alining w heels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive mechanic req u ires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
This cla ssifica tio n does not include m echanics who rep air cu sto m ers' vehicles in auto­
m obile rep air shops.
MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R ep airs m achinery or m echanical equipment of an establishm ent. Work involves m ost
of the following: Exam ining m achines and m echanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
dism antling or p artly dism antling m achines and perform ing re p a irs that m ainly involve the use
of handtools in scrap in g and fitting p arts; replacing broken or defective p arts with item s obtained
from stock; ordering the production of a replacem ent part by a machine shop or sending of the
machine to a machine shop for m ajor r e p a irs; preparing written sp ecification s for m ajor rep a irs
or for the production of p arts ordered from machine shop; reassem blin g m achines; and making
all n e c e ssa ry adjustm ents for operation. In general, the work of a maintenance m echanic requ ires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experien ce. Excluded from this cla ssifica tio n are w ork ers whose prim ary duties
involve setting up or adjusting m achines.
MILLWRIGHT
In stalls new m achines or heavy equipment, and dism an tles and in sta lls m achines or heavy
equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. Work involves m ost of the following:
Planning and laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other sp ecification s; using a variety
of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to s t r e s s e s , strength of
m a te r ia ls, and centers of gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selectin g standard tools,
equipment, and p arts to be used; and in stallin g and piaintaining in good order power tran sm ission
equipment such as d rives and speed red u ce rs. In general, the m illw righ t's work norm ally requ ires
a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and red ecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an establishm ent. Work involves
the following: Knowledge of su rface p e cu liaritie s and types of paint required for different app lica­
tions; preparing su rface for painting by rem oving old finish or by placing putty or fille r in nail

19
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

SH EET -M ET A L WORKER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

holes and in te rstic e s; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May m ix co lo rs, o ils, white
lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or con sisten cy. In general, the work of the
m aintenance painter req u ires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

types of sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, m odels, or other specification s; setting
up and operating all available types of sh eet-m etal working m achines; using a variety of handtools
in cutting, bending, form ing, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; and installing sheet-m etal a rticle s
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sh eet-m etal worker requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.

P IP E F IT T E R , MAINTENANCE
In stalls o r r e p a irs w ater, steam , g a s, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an
establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following: Laying out of work and m easuring to locate
position of pipe from drawings or other written specification s; cutting variou s siz e s of pipe to
c o rrec t lengths with chisel and ham m er or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting m achines; threading
pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven or pow er-driven m achines; assem bling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to
p r e s s u r e s , flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard te sts to determ ine whether fin­
ished pipes m eet sp ecificatio n s. In gen eral, the work of the m aintenance pipefitter requ ires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. W orkers p rim arily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation
or heating system s are excluded.
SH E ET -M E T A L WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F ab ric a te s, in sta lls, and m aintains in good rep air the sh eet-m etal equipment and fixtures
(such a s machine guards, g re a se pans, sh elv es, lo ck e rs, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, m etal
roofing) of an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning and laying out all

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
Constructs and re p a irs m achine-shop tools, g ag e s, jig s , fixtures or dies for forgin gs,
punching, and other m etal-form in g work. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning and
laying out of work from m odels, blueprints, draw ings, or other o ral and written specification s;
using a variety of tool and die m ak e r's handtools and p recision m easuring instrum ents; under­
standing of the working p roperties of common m etals and alloys; setting up and operating of
machine tools and related equipment; making n e ce ssa ry shop computations relating to dim ensions
of work, sp eeds, feed s, and tooling of m achines; heat-treating of m etal p arts during fabrication
a s well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close toleran ces;
fitting and assem blin g of p arts to p rescrib e d toleran ces and allow ances; and selecting appropriate
m a te r ia ls, tools, and p r o c e s s e s . In general, the tool and die m ak e r's work requ ires a rounded
training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship
or equivalent training and experience.
F or c ro ss-in d u stry wage study p urposes, tool and die m ak ers in tool and die jobbing
shops a re excluded from this classificatio n .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
GUARD AND WATCHMAN
G uard. P erfo rm s routine police duties, either at fixed p ost or on tour, m aintaining ord er,
using arm s or force where n ec e ssa ry . Includes gatem en who are stationed at gate and check
on identity of em ployees and other person s entering.
Watchman. Makes rounds of p re m ise s p erio d ically in protecting property again st fir e ,
theft, and illegal entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
Cleans and keeps in an o rderly condition factory working a re a s and w ashroom s, or
p rem ises of an office, apartment house, or com m ercial or other establishm ent. Duties involve
a combination of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing flo o rs; removing
chips, trash , and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing m etal fix ­
tu res or trim m in gs; providing supplies and m inor m aintenance s e r v ic e s; and cleaning la v ato rie s,
show ers, and re stro o m s. Workers who sp ecialize in window washing are excluded.
LABO RER, MATERIAL HANDLING
A worker employed in a w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, store, or other establishm ent
whose duties involve one or m ore of the following: Loading and unloading variou s m ate rials and
m erchandise on or from freight c a r s , tru c k s, or other tran sportin g devices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing m a te ria ls or m erchandise in proper sto rage location; and transporting m ate rials or
m erchandise by handtruck, c a r, or wheelbarrow. Longshorem en, who load and unload ships are
excluded.
ORDER F IL L E R
F ills shipping or tran sfe r o rd e rs fo r finished goods from stored m erchandise in a cco rd ­
ance with sp ecification s on sa le s slip s, cu sto m ers' o r d e r s, or other instruction s. May, in addition
to filling o rd e rs and indicating item s filled or om itted, keep reco rd s of outgoing o rd e rs, requ i­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to su p e rv iso r, and perform other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
P re p a re s finished products fo r shipment or storage by placing them in shipping con­
ta in e r s, the sp ecific operations perform ed being dependent upon the type, siz e , and number
of units to be packed, the type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requ ires
the placing of item s in shipping containers and m ay involve one or m ore of the following:
Knowledge of variou s item s of stock in o rder to verify content; selection of appropriate type
and size of container: in serting en closures in container; using e xce lsio r or other m ate rial to
prevent breakage or dam age; closing and sealin g container; and applying labels or entering
identifying data on container. P ack ers who a lso m ake wooden boxes or c ra te s are excluded.




SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
P re p a re s m erchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon sible for incoming ship­
m ents of m erchandise or other m a te r ia ls . Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping p ro­
cedu res, p rac tic e s, routes, available m eans of transportation, and rate s; and preparing records
of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping ch arges, and keeping
a file of shipping reco rd s. May d irect or a s s is t in preparing the m erchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the co rrectn ess of shipments
again st bills of lading, in voices, or other reco rd s; checking for shortages and rejecting dam ­
aged goods; routing m erchandise or m ate rials to proper departm ents; and maintaining n e ce ssa ry
reco rd s and file s .
F o r wage study p u rp o ses, w orkers are c la ssifie d a s follow s:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
D rives a truck within a city or in du strial a re a to tran sp ort m a te r ia ls, m erchandise,
equipment, or m en between various types of establishm ents such a s : M anufacturing plants, freight
depots, w arehouses, w holesale and re ta il establish m ents, or between retail establishm ents and
cu sto m ers' houses or p laces of b u sin ess. May a lso load or unload truck with or without help ers,
m ake m inor m echanical r e p a ir s, and keep truck in good working ord er. D riv e r-sale sm e n and
o ver-th e-road d riv e rs a re excluded.
follow s:

F o r wage study p u rp o ses, tru ck d riv ers a re c la ssifie d by size and type of equipment, as
(T ra c to r -tr a ile r should be rated on the b a sis of tr a ile r capacity.)
T ruckdriver
T ruck d river,
T ruck d river,
T ruck d river,
T ruck d river,

(combination of s iz e s liste d separately)
light (under IV2 tons)
medium (lVz to and including 4 tons)
heavy (over 4 tons, tr a ile r type)
heavy (over 4 tons, other than tr a ile r type)

TRUCKER, POWER
O perates a m anually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered truck or tracto r to tran sp ort
goods and m a te ria ls of all kinds about a warehouse, m anufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.
F or wage study p u rp o se s, w orkers a re c la ssifie d by type of truck, a s follows:
T ruck er, power (forklift)
T ruck er, power (other than forklift)

A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t -----

w ill be

T h e f o l l o w i n g a r e a s a r e s u r v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f o r u s e in a d m i n i s t e r i n g the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t o f 1965.
a v a i l a b l e at n o c o s t w h i l e s u p p l i e s l a s t f r o m a n y o f the B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s s h o w n on the b a c k c o v e r .

C h risti,

Tex.

C r a n e , Ind.
D othan, A l a .
D u l u t h —S u p e r i o r , M i n n . —W i s .
E l Paso, Tex.
E u g e n e —S p r i n g f i e l d , O r e g .
F a r g o —M o o r h e a d , N . D a k . —M i n n .
F a y e t t e v i l l e , N . C.
F i t c h b u r g —L e o m i n s t e r , M a s s .
F r e d e r i c k —H a g e r s t o w n , M d . —P a . —W . V a .
F r e s n o , C alif.
G ran d F o r k s , N . Dak.
G r a n d I s l a n d —H a s t i n g s , N e b r .
G r e e n b o r o —W i n s t o n S a l e m —H i g h P o i n t , N . C .
H arrisbu rg, Pa.
K n oxville, Tenn.
R eports

for

the f o l l o w i n g

surveys

Alpena,

c o n d u c t e d in the p r i o r

Standish,

year

but

since

discontinued a r e

E x p a n d e d to a n a r e a

wage

survey

in f i s c a l y e a r

1973.

re lea se s

are

or

a lso

a v ailab le:

Lexington, K y .*
Pin e Bluff, A r k .
Stockton, C a l i f .
Tacom a, Wash.
W ichita F a l l s , T e x .

and T a w a s City, M i c h .

A sh ev ille, N .C .
A u stin , T e x . *
F o r t Sm ith, A r k —O kla.
G re a t F a l l s , Mont.
*

of p u blic

L ared o, Tex.
Las V egas, Nev.
L o w e r E a ste rn Shore, M d — Va.
M a c o n , Ga.
M a r q u e t t e , E s c a n a b a , S a u l t St e .
M a r ie , M ich.
M e l b o u r n e —T i t u s v i l l e —C o c o a , F l a .
(B r e v a r d C o.)
M eridian , M is s .
M i d d le s e x , M o n m o u t h , O c e a n , and S o m e r s e t
C o s ., N .J.
M o b il e , A l a . , and P e n s a c o l a , F la .
M ontgom ery, A la .
N a s h v ille , Tenn.
N orth eastern M aine
N o r w i c h —G r o t o n —N e w L o n d o n , C o n n .
O gden , Utah
O rla n d o , F la .
O x n a r d —S i m i V a l l e y —V e n t u r a , C a l i f .
P a n a m a City, F la .
P o r t s m o u t h , N . H . —M a i n e —M a s s .
I Pu e bl o, C o l o .
Reno, N ev.
S a cram e n to , C alif.
S a n t a B a r b a r a —S a n t a M a r i a —L o m p o c , C a l i f .
S h e r m a n —D e n i s o n , T e x .
Shreveport, La.
S p r i n g f i e l d —C h i c o p e e —H o l y o k e , M a s s . —C o n n .
Topeka, Kans.
Tucson, A r iz .
V a l l e j o —F a i r f i e l d —N a p a , C a l i f .
W ilm in gto n, D e l — N . J —M d.
Yum a, A riz.

A l a m o g o r d o —L a s C r u c e s , N . M e x .
A lask a
A lb a n y , Ga.
A m a rillo , Tex.
A tla n tic C ity , N .J .
A u g u s t a , G a . —S. C.
B a k e rsfie ld , C alif.
Baton R o u g e, L a .
B ilo x i, G ulfp ort, and P a s c a g o u la , M is s .
B r i d g e p o r t , N o r w a l k , and S ta m fo rd , Conn.
C e d a r R a p id s, Iowa
C h a m p a i g n —U r b a n a , 111.
C ha rle sto n , S.C .
C la r k s v il l e , Ten n ., and H o p k in sville, Ky.
C o lo r a d o S p r i n g s , C olo.
C o lu m b ia , S.C .
C o l u m b u s , G a —A l a .
C orpus

C op ies

See

in side

back

cover.

T h e t w e l f t h a n n u a l r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , c h i e f a c c o u n t a n t s , a t t o r n e y s , j o b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l , b u y e r s , c h e m i s t s ,
e n g in e e rs, en gin eerin g tech n ician s, d ra fts m e n , and c le r ic a l e m p lo y e e s .
O r d e r a s B L S B u l l e t i n 1742, N a t i o n a l S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m i n i s t r a t i v e ,
T e c h n i c a l , a n d C l e r i c a l P a y , J un e 1971, 75 c e n t s a c o p y , f r o m a n y o f the B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s s h o w n on the b a c k c o v e r" , o r f r o m the
S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U . S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . , 20 40 2.




ITU. S. G O V E R N M E N T P R IN T IN G O FFICE:

1 1 7 1 - M I - 2 2 9 / 1I

A re a W a g e Surveys
A lis t o f the la te s t a v a ila b le b u lletin s is p resen ted b elow . A d ir e c to r y o f a re a w age studies including m o re lim ite d studies conducted at the
req u e st o f the E m p loym en t Standards A d m in is tra tio n o f the D ep artm ent o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on req u est. B u lletin s m ay be purchased fro m any o f the B LS
r e g io n a l s a le s o ffic e s shown on the back c o v e r , or fro m the Superintendent o f D ocum ents, U.S. G overn m en t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington, D .C ., 20402.
A rea
A k ron , O hio, D ec. 1972________ ___________________________
A lb an y-S ch en ectad y— r o y , N .Y ., M a r. 1973 1___ __ ——
T
A lb u qu erqu e, N. M e x ., M a r. 1973____________— _------ ---A llen tow n — ethlehem —E aston , P a .— .J ., M ay 1972 1 __
B
N
A tlan ta, G a ., M ay 1972 1_______ __________ __ ______________
A u stin , T e x ., Dec. 1972 1------------------------------------------B a ltim o r e , M d ., Aug. 1972 1______________________________
Beaum ont— o r t Arthur—O ra n g e, T e x ., M a y 1972_____ _
P
B ingham ton, N .Y ., July 1972_____________________________
B irm in g h a m , A la ., M a r. 1973 1___________________________
B o is e C ity , Idaho, N ov. 1972 1_______________ — — --------B oston , M a s s ., Aug. 1972 1____________________________ ___
B u ffa lo , N .Y ., O ct. 1972 1_________________________________
B u rlin gton , V t . , D ec. 1972 1____ _____________ _____________
Canton, Ohio, M ay 1973------- ------------------- ——
-------C h a rleston , W. V a ., M a r. 1973---------------------------------C h a rlo tte, N .C ., Jan. 1973----------------------------------------C hattanooga, T e n n .-C a ., Sept. 1972 1-------------- ----------C h ic a g o , 111., June 1972----------------------- —----- -------- — —
C in cin n ati, O hio— y.—In d ., F eb . 1973___________ ________
K
C lev e la n d , O hio, Sept. 1972 1------------- -----------------------C olum bus, O hio, O ct. 1972 1--------- — ------------------------ D a lla s , T e x . , O ct. 1972 1----------------------------------------—
D avenport— ock Island— o lin e, Iowa—
R
M
111., F eb . 1973___
Dayton, O hio, D ec. 1972_________________________ ___ ______
D e n v e r, C o lo ., D ec. 1972----- ------------------—----------------D es M o in e s , Iow a, M ay 1973______________________________
D e tr o it, M ic h ., F eb . 1972_______________________ __ —-----D urham , N .C ., A p r. 1973------ -------- ------ --------------------F o r t L a u d erd a le— olly w o od and W est P a lm
H
B each , F l a . , A p r. 1973-------------------------------------------F o r t W orth, T e x ., O ct. 19721-----------------------------------G ree n B ay, W is ., July 1972 1----------- ------------------------G r e e n v ille , S .C ., M ay 1972--------------- ----- — ----- —----- —
Houston, T e x . , A p r. 1973------------------------- ---- ------------H u n ts v ille , A l a . , F eb . 1973---------------------—------- --------Indian apolis, Ind., Oct. 1972 1 .. —------------------------------, - .......... .
Jackson, M is s ., Jan. 1973----------------- ---J a c k s o n v ille , F l a . , D ec. 1972-----------------------------------K ansas C ity , M o .-K a n s ., Sept. 1972— -----— --------—
L a w re n c e — a v e rh ill, M ass.—N .H ., June 1972 1 ......
H
L exin gto n , K y ., N ov. 1972 1-------- ----- ---------------- ------ —
L it t le Rock— orth L ittle Rock, A r k ., July 1972 1-------N
L o s A n g e le s —Long B each and Anaheim —
Santa A n a G arden G r o v e , C a lif., Oct. 1972 1---------------------------L o u is v ille , K y.—In d ., N ov. 1972------------------ --------------Lubbock, T e x . , M a r. 1973------------- -------------- ----- — ----M a n c h es te r, N .H ., July 1972 1— —-------------- ------- ---- —
M e m p h is , Tenn.— r k . , N ov. 1972,_______________________
A
M ia m i, F l a . , N ov. 1972 1-------- ----- ------ ---------------------M id lan d and O d essa, T e x ., Jan. 1973______ __ __________
l

B u lletin number
and p r ic e
1775-36,
1775-62,
1775-52,
1725-87,
1725-77,
1775-42,
1775-20,
1725-69,
1775-5,
1775-65,
1775-32,
1775-13,
1775-18,
1775-28,
1775-73,
1775-74,
1775-39,
1775-14,
1725-92,
1775-53,
1775-15,
1775-23,
1775-25,
1775-57,
1775-34,
1775-35,
1775-72,
1725-68,
1775-61,

40
55
40
35
45
40
75
30
45
55
50
75
65
50
40
40
40
55
70
50
75
55
75
40
40
40
40
40
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1775-64,
1775-24,
1775-1,
1725-66,
1775-71,
1775-48,
1775-27,
1775-44,
1775-31,
1775-17,
1725-81,
1775-22,
1775-2,

40
50
55
30
50
40
55
40
40
50
35
50
55

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1775-38,
1775-37,
1775-55,
1775-8,
1775-30,
1775-29,
1775-41,

75
40
40
55
40
55
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A rea

B u lletin number
and p ric e

M ilwaukee, W is ., May 1 9 7 2 1__________________________ 1725-83, 45 cents
Minneapolis— P a u l, Minn., J an. 1973--------------------- 1775-49, 55 cents
St.
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich., June 1972 1 _____ 1725-85, 35 cents
Newark and J e r s e y City, N . J . , Ja n . 1973------------------- 1775-50, 55 cents
New Haven, Conn., J an. 1973---------------------------------- 177 5-46, 40 cents
New O rle a n s, L a . , J a n . 1973 ---- ------------------------------ 177 5-47, 40 cents
New York, N .Y ., A pr. 1972 1___________________________ 1725-90, 50 cents
Norfolk— irgin ia B e a ch — o rtsm o u th and
V
P
Newport News—
Hampton, V a., Ja n . 1973 1----------------- 1775-51,
50 cents
Oklahoma City, O kla., J u l y 1972-------_ --------------------- 1775-6,
45 cents
------------- 1775-16, 40 cents
Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa, Sept. 1972___ ________ —
P a t e r s o n — l i f t o n - P a s s a i c , N . J . , June 1972 1 -------------- 1725-88, 40 cents
C
Ph iladelphia, P a .— . J . , Nov. 1972---------------------------- 1775-45, 55 cents
N
Phoenix, A r i z . , June 1972 1____________________________ 1725-94, 55 cents
P ittsb u rgh , P a . , J an. 1973 1_____ — _________ _________ 1775-67, ,75 cents
P o rtla n d, Maine, Nov. 1972___ _______________________ 1775-21, 40 cents
________ 1725-89, 35 cents
P o rtla n d , O reg.—
Wash., May 1972 1 -------------—
Pough keepsie—
Kingston—
Newburgh, N.Y.,
June 1972 1 — ---- -------------------------------------------------- 1725-80, 35 cents
Providence— arwick-Pawtucket, R.I.— a s s . ,
W
M
May 1972______________________________________________ 1725-70, 30 cents
Raleig h, N .C ., Aug. 1972---------------------------------------- 1775-7,
45 cents
Richmond, V a . , M ar. 197 3_____ ____ ___________________ 1775-68, 40 cents
R i v e rsid e —
San B e rn ard in o -O n ta rio , C alif.,
Dec. 1972 1 ___________________________________________ 1775-60, 65 cents
R o ch e ster, N.Y. (office occupations only), J u l y 1972--- 1775-4,
45 cents
Rockford, 111., J une 1972 1 _ _ _ ____ ___ ___________ _____ 1725-84, 3 5 cents
St. L o u is , M o .-Ill., M ar. 1973 1 _______________________ 1775-69, 75 cents
Salt Lake City, Utah, Nov. 1972 1___ ____________ _____ 1775-33, 50 cents
San Antonio, T e x . , May 1972__________________________ 1725-67, 30 cents
San Diego, C a l i f . , Nov. 1972_______ ___________ ________ 1775-40, 40 cents
San F r a n c i s co-Oakland, C alif., Oct. 1971 1 ____________ 1725-33, 50 cents
San J o s e , C a l i f ., M ar. 1973___ ________________________ 1775-66, 40 cents
Savannah, G a . , May 1972 1 ______ ______________________ 1725-73, 35 cents
Scranton, P a . , J u l y 1972_________________ ______________ 1775-10, 45 cents
Seattle— v e r e tt, Wash., Ja n . 1973_____________________ 1775-56, 40 cents
E
Sioux F a l l s , S. D ak., Dec. 1972 1 ------------------------------ 1775-43, 40 cents
South Bend, Ind., M a r . 1973------------------------------------ 1775-54, 40 cents
Spokane, Wash., June 1972 1------------------ ----------------- 1725-91, 35 cents
S y r a c u s e , N .Y ., J u l y 1972____________________________ 1775-11, 45 cents
Tampar-St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , Aug. 1972________________ 1775-9,
45 cents
Toledo, Ohicr-Mich., A pr. 1973___ ______ _____________ 177 5-63, 40 cents
T rent on, N. J . , Sept. 1972 1________ ____________________ 1775-12, 55 cents
Utica— om e, N.Y., J u l y 1972---------- —. ------- — - ____ 1775-3,
R
45 cents
Washington, D.C.—
Md.— a . , M ar. 1972 1 _______________ 1725-93, 70 cents
V
W aterbury, Conn., M ar. 1973__________________________ 1775-58, 40 cents
Waterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1972_ ____ __________________ 1775-26, 40 cents
_
Wichita, K a n s . , Apr. 1973____________________________ 1775-70, 40 cents
W o rc e st e r, M a s s . , May 1972 1_________________________ ' 1725-71,
35 cents
York, P a . , Feb. 1973---------------------------------------------- 1775-59, ;40 cents
Youngstown— arren, Ohio, Nov. 1972____ ____ ________ 1775-19, 40 cents
W

POSTAGE AN D FEES PAID

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20212

LAB-441

OFFICIAL BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE $300

THIRD CLASS MAIL

BUREAU OF LABOR S T A T IS T IC S REGIONAL OFFICES
Region I
1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

Region II
1515 Broadway
New York, N.Y. 10036
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Region III
P.O. Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 597-1154 (Area Code 215)
Delaware
District of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)
Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Region V
8th Floor, 300 South Wacker Drive
Chicago, III. 60606
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)
Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
Wisconsin

Region VI
1100 Commerce St. Rm. 6B7
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Texas

Regions VII and V III
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)
VII
V III
Iowa
Colorado
Kansas
Montana
Missouri
North Dakota
Nebraska
South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)
IX
X
Arizona
Alaska
California
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