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AREA W AG E SURVEY
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, M e tro p o lita n Area,
January 1973
B ulletin 1775-67




U S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
_ B u r e a u of Labor Statistics




Preface
T h is b u lle tin p ro v id e s re s u lts o f a J an u ary 197 3 s u r v e y o f oc c u p a tio n a l
e a rn in g s and s u p p lem e n ta ry w age b e n e fits in the P itts b u r g h , P e n n s y lv a n ia ,
Standard M e tr o p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a (A lle g h e n y , B e a v e r , W ash in gton , and
W e s tm o re la n d C o u n tie s ). T h e s u r v e y was m ad e as p a r t o f the B u reau o f L a b o r
S t a t is t ic s ' annual a r e a w age s u r v e y p r o g r a m . T h e p r o g r a m is d e sig n e d to y ie ld
data f o r in d iv id u a l m e tro p o lita n a r e a s , as w e ll as n a tion al and r e g io n a l e s tim a te s
f o r a ll Standard M e tr o p o lita n A r e a s in the U n ited S ta te s , ex c lu d in g A la s k a and
H a w a ii, (as d e fin e d by the U .S . O ffic e o f M a n a ge m en t and B u dget th rou gh
N o v e m b e r 1971).
A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in the a r e a w age s u r v e y p r o g r a m is the n eed to
d e s c r ib e the l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g es in a v a r ie t y o f la b o r m a r k e ts , th rou gh
the a n a ly s is o f (1) the l e v e l and d is trib u tio n o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a tio n , and (2) the
m o v e m e n t o f w ages b y oc c u p a tio n a l c a te g o r y and s k ill l e v e l . T h e p r o g r a m d e ­
v e lo p s in fo rm a tio n that m a y be u sed f o r m an y p u r p o s e s , in clu d in g w age and
s a la r y a d m in is tr a tio n , c o lle c t iv e b a r g a in in g , and a s s is ta n c e in d e te rm in in g plant
lo c a tio n . S u rv e y re s u lts a ls o a r e used by the U .S . D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r to m ake
w age d e te rm in a tio n s under the S e r v ic e C o n tra c t A c t o f 1965.
C u r r e n tly , 96 a r e a s a r e in clu d ed in the p r o g r a m .
(S ee l i s t o f a re a s
on in s id e b ack c o v e r . )
In each a r e a , oc c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s data a r e c o lle c te d
an nually. In fo r m a tio n on e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p lem e n ta ry w age b e n e ­
f it s , c o lle c te d e v e r y seco n d y e a r in the p a s t, is now ob ta in ed e v e r y th ird y e a r .
E a ch y e a r a ft e r a ll in d iv id u a l a r e a w age s u r v e y s h ave b een c o m p le te d ,
tw o s u m m a ry b u lle tin s a r e is s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b rin g s to g e th e r data fo r each
m e tro p o lita n a r e a s u r v e y e d . T h e secon d s u m m a ry b u lle tin p re s e n ts n a tion al and
r e g io n a l e s tim a te s , p r o je c t e d fr o m in d iv id u a l m e tro p o lita n a r e a data.
T h e P itts b u r g h s u r v e y was conducted by the B u re a u 's r e g io n a l o ffic e in
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . , under the g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n o f Ir w in L . F e ig e n b a u m , A s s is ta n t
R e g io n a l D ir e c t o r f o r O p e ra tio n s . T h e s u r v e y could not have b een a c c o m p lis h e d
without the c o o p e r a tio n o f the m an y fir m s w h ose w age and s a la r y data p ro v id e d
the b a s is f o r the s ta tis tic a l in fo rm a tio n in th is b u lle tin . T h e B u reau w is h e s to
e x p r e s s s in c e r e a p p re c ia tio n fo r the c o o p e r a tio n r e c e iv e d .

N o te :
A r e p o r t on o c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s and s u p p lem e n ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s
in the P itts b u r g h a r e a is a v a ila b le fo r the c o n tra c t c le a n in g s e r v ic e in d u s try
(J u ly 1971). A ls o a v a ila b le a re lis tin g s o f union w age ra te s fo r b u ild in g tr a d e s ,
p rin tin g t r a d e s ,
lo c a l- t r a n s it o p e ra tin g e m p lo y e e s ,
lo c a l
t r u c k d r iv e r s
and
h e lp e r s , and g r o c e r y s to r e e m p lo y e e s . F r e e c o p ie s o f th es e a r e a v a ila b le fr o m
the B u re a u 's r e g io n a l o f f ic e s .
(S ee b ack c o v e r f o r a d d r e s s e s .)

AREA W AGE SURVEY

B ulletin 1775-67

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, Peter J. Brennan, Secretary

J u ly 1 9 7 3

B U R EA U OF LABOR S TA TIS TIC S, Ben Burdetsky, Deputy Commissioner

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, M e tro p o lita n A rea, Jan u ary 1973
CONTENTS
P ag*
2 In tr o d u c tio n
6 W a g e tr e n d s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g rou p s

T a b le s :
1.
2.
3.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b er stu d ied
In d e x e s o f e a r n in g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s , and p e r c e n ts o f chan ge fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s
P e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , a d ju s te d f o r e m p lo y m e n t s h ifts

A.

O c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s :
A - l.
O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k ly e a rn in g s
A - l a . O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s — r g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts : W e e k ly e a rn in g s
la
A -2 .
P r o f e s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k ly e a r n in g s
A - 2 a . P r o f e s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s — r g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts : W e e k ly e a rn in g s
la
A - 3.
O f f ic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s : A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s , by s e x
A - 3 a . O f f ic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s — r g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts : A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s , by s e x
la
A -4 .
M a in ten a n c e and p o w e rp la n t o c c u p a tio n s : H o u r ly e a rn in g s
A - 4 a . M a in ten a n c e and p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a tio n s — r g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts : H o u r ly e a r n in g s
la
A - 5.
C u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s : H o u r ly e a rn in g s
A - 5 a . C u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s —la r g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts : H o u r ly e a rn in g s
A -6 .
M a in te n a n c e , p o w e r p la n t, c u s to d ia l, and m a t e r ia l han d lin g o c c u p a tio n s :
A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s , b y s e x
A - 6 a . M a in te n a n c e , p o w e r p la n t, c u s to d ia l, and m a t e r ia l han d lin g o c c u p a tio n s — r g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts :
la
A v e r a g e h o u rly e a r n in g s , by s e x

B.

E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s :
B - l.
M in im u m e n tra n c e s a la r ie s fo r w o m en o ffic e w o r k e r s
B -2 .
S h ift d iffe r e n t ia ls
B -3 .
S ch ed u led w e e k ly h ou rs and days
B -4 .
A n nu al p aid h o lid a y s
B - 4 a . Id e n tific a tio n o f m a jo r p aid h o lid a y s
B -5 .
P a id v a c a tio n s
B -6 .
H e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n plans

9
12
15
16
18
20
22
23
24
26
28
29

30
31
32
33
34
35
38
41

A p p e n d ix .




O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r ip tio n s

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover.
Price: 75 cents domestic postpaid or 50 cents over-the-counter. Make checks payable to Superintendent of Documents.

1

Introd uctio n
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 96 in w h ich the U.S. D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r 's
B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s con du cts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s
and r e la t e d b e n e fits on an a r e a w id e b a s is . 1 In th is a r e a , data w e r e
o b ta in ed by p e r s o n a l v is it s o f B u rea u f ie ld e c o n o m is ts to r e p r e s e n t a ­
t iv e e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b ro a d in d u s try d iv is io n s : M a n u fa ctu rin g:
tr a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s : w h o le s a le
tr a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r in d u s try gro u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e stu d ies a r e g o v e rn m e n t
o p e r a tio n s and the c o n s tru c tio n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s tr ie s . E s ta b lis h ­
m en ts h a vin g f e w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d
b e c a u s e o f in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied . S e p a ­
r a te tab u la tion s a r e p r o v id e d fo r each o f th e b ro a d in d u s try d iv is io n s
w h ich m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r it e r ia .

the A - s e r i e s ta b le s , b e c a u s e e ith e r (1 ) e m p lo y m e n t in the o ccu p atio n
is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r i t p re s e n ta tio n , o r (2) th e re
is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t d ata. E a rn in g s
data not shown s e p a r a t e ly f o r in d u s tr y d iv is io n s a r e in c lu d e d in a ll
in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d d ata, w h e r e shown. L ik e w is e , data a r e in clu d ed
in the o v e r a ll c la s s ific a t io n w h en a s u b c la s s ific a tio n o f e le c t r o n ic s
te c h n ic ia n s , s e c r e t a r ie s , o r t r u c k d r iv e r s is not shown o r in fo rm a tio n
to s u b c la s s ify is not a v a ila b le .
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s data a r e shown fo r
f u ll- t im e w o r k e r s , i. e . , th o s e h ir e d to w o rk a r e g u la r w e e k ly sch ed u le.
E a rn in g s data ex c lu d e p r e m iu m p ay fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on
w e e k en d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts . N o n p ro d u c tio n bon uses a re e x ­
clu d ed , but c o s t - o f - liv in g a llo w a n c e s and in c e n tiv e e a rn in g s a re in ­
c lu d e d .2 W h e re w e e k ly h o u rs a r e r e p o r te d , as fo r o f f ic e c l e r i c a l o c c u ­
p a tio n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the sta n d a rd w o rk w e e k (rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t
h a lf h o u r) f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e
s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r an d/ or p re m iu m
r a t e s ).
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r th e s e o c c u p a tio n s a r e rounded
to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e con du cted on a s a m p le b a s is . T h e s a m ­
p lin g p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d e ta ile d s t r a t ific a t io n o f a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts
w ith in the s cop e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y in d u s try and n u m b er
o f e m p lo y e e s . F r o m th is s t r a t ifie d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ility s a m p le is
s e le c te d , w ith each e s ta b lis h m e n t h a vin g a p r e d e te r m in e d chan ce o f
s e le c tio n . T o ob ta in op tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r
p r o p o r tio n o f la r g e than s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c te d . When data
a r e c o m b in e d , each e s ta b lis h m e n t is w e ig h te d a c c o r d in g to its p r o b a ­
b i l i t y o f s e le c t io n , so that u n b ia sed e s tim a te s a r e g e n e ra te d . F o r e x ­
a m p le , i f one out o f fo u r e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c te d , it is g iv e n a
w e ig h t o f fo u r to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f p lus th r e e o t h e r s . A n a lte r n a te o f the
s a m e o r ig in a l p r o b a b ility is c h o se n in the s a m e in d u s t r y - s iz e c l a s s i f i ­
c a tio n i f data a r e not a v a ila b le f o r the o r ig in a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
If
no s u ita b le s u b stitu te is a v a ila b le , a d d itio n a l w e ig h t is a s s ig n e d to a
s a m p le m e m b e r that is s im ila r to the m is s in g unit.

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s in
an a r e a at a p a r t ic u la r tim e . C o m p a ris o n s o f in d iv id u a l oc c u p a tio n a l
a v e r a g e s o v e r tim e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c te d w a g e c h a n ge s . T h e a v e r ­
a g e s fo r in d iv id u a l jo b s a r e a ffe c t e d by ch an ges in w a g e s and e m p lo y ­
m en t p a tte r n s .
F o r e x a m p le , p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by
h ig h - o r lo w - w a g e f ir m s m a y chan ge o r h ig h -w a g e w o r k e r s m a y ad ­
v a n c e to b e tte r jo b s and be r e p la c e d by n ew w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a te s .
Such s h ifts in e m p lo y m e n t cou ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e
e v e n though m o s t e s ta b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a in c r e a s e w a g e s d u rin g
the y e a r . T re n d s in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s , shown in ta b le 2,
a r e b e tte r in d ic a to r s o f w a g e tr e n d s than in d iv id u a l jo b s w ith in the
gro u p s.

O ccu p a tion s and E a rn in g s

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s ite , a r e a w id e e s tim a te s . In ­
d u s tr ie s and e s ta b lis h m e n ts d i f fe r in p ay l e v e l and jo b s ta ffin g , and
thus c o n trib u te d iffe r e n t ly to the e s tim a te s fo r each jo b . P a y a v e r ­
a g e s m a y f a il to r e f le c t a c c u r a te ly the w a g e d iffe r e n t ia l am on g jo b s in
in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts .

T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r study a r e co m m o n to a v a r ie t y
o f m a n u fa c tu rin g and n o n m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f the
fo llo w in g ty p e s :
(1 ) O ffic e c le r i c a l ; (2 ) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l;
(3 ) m a in te n a n c e and p o w e rp la n t; and (4 ) c u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e ­
m e n t.
O c c u p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n is b a sed on a u n ifo rm set o f jo b
d e s c r ip tio n s d e s ig n e d to tak e accou n t o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n
in d u ties w ith in the s a m e jo b . T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c te d f o r study a r e
lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d in the ap p en d ix. U n les s o t h e r w is e in d ic a te d , the
e a r n in g s data fo llo w in g the jo b t it le s a r e f o r a ll in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d .
E a r n in g s data fo r s o m e o f the occ u p a tio n s lis te d and d e s c r ib e d , o r
fo r s o m e in d u s try d iv is io n s w ith in o c c u p a tio n s , a r e not p re s e n te d in

A v e r a g e p ay le v e ls f o r m e n and w o m en in s e le c te d o c c u p a ­
tio n s should not be as s u m ed to r e f l e c t d iffe r e n c e s in p ay o f the s e x e s
w ith in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
F a c t o r s w h ich m a y c o n trib u te to
d iffe r e n c e s in c lu d e p r o g r e s s io n w ith in e s ta b lis h e d r a te ra n g e s , s in c e
o n ly the r a te s p aid in cu m b en ts a r e c o lle c t e d , and p e r fo r m a n c e o f s p e ­
c if ic d u ties w ith in the g e n e r a l s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip tio n s . Job d e s c r ip ­
tio n s u sed to c la s s ify e m p lo y e e s in th e s e s u r v e y s u s u a lly a re m o r e
g
1
Included in the 96 areas are 10 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas e n e r a liz e d than th o s e u sed in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts and a llo w f o r
m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong e s ta b lis h m e n ts in s p e c ific du ties p e r fo r m e d .
are Austin, Tex. j Binghamton, N.Y. (New York portion only); Durham, N. C.; Fort Lauderdale—
Hollywood and West Palm Beach, Fla.; Huntsville, Ala.; Lexington, Ky.; Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—
2
Special payments provided for work in designated parts of the area by companies not consid­
Newburgh, N .Y .; Rochester, N .Y . (office occupations only); Syracuse, N.Y. ; and Utica—Rome, N.Y.
In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 70 areas at the request
ering such payments a part of the regular salary or hourly rate were not included because of reporting
of the Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department of Labor.
problems. Such instances are few and do not have a large impact on the published data.




2

3
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a ll
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s with in the s c op e o f the study and not the nu m ber actu­
a l l y s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e oc c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e s am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
d i f f e r , e s t i m a t e s o f oc c u p a tio n a l e m p l o y m e n t obta in ed f r o m the s a m p le
o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s stu died s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te the r e l a t i v e i m p o r ­
tan ce o f the jo b s stu died. T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in oc c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e
do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n in g s data.

E stablishm en t P r a c t ic e s

and S u p p le m en ta r y W a ge P r o v i s i o n s

In f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) on s e l e c t e d
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v i s i o n s f o r p lantw o r k e r s and o f f i c e w o r k e r s . Data f o r in d u s try d i v i s i o n s not p r e s e n t e d
s e p a r a t e l y a r e inclu d ed in the e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s . " A d m i n ­
i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , and p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , and c o n s t ru c tio n
w o r k e r s who a r e u t i l i z e d as a s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e a r e e x clud ed .
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " in clu de w o r k i n g f o r e m e n and a l l n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k ­
ers
(includ in g l e a d m e n and t r a i n e e s ) en g ag ed in n o n o ffic e fu n c ­
t io n s .
" O f f i c e w o r k e r s " in clude w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r ­
v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g c l e r i c a l o r r e l a t e d functions.
C afeteria
w o r k e r s and r o u te m e n a r e e xc lu d e d in m a n u fa c tu rin g in d u s tr ie s , but
in c lu d e d in n onm anu fa cturin g in d u s t r i e s .
M i n i m u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s
o n ly to the e s ta b l i s h m e n ts v i s i t e d .
(See ta b le B - l . )
Because
o p tim u m s a m p lin g te chn iq ues used and the p r o b a b i l i t y that l a r g e
lis h m e n ts a r e m o r e l i k e l y than s m a l l e s t a b lis h m e n ts to ha ve
e n tr a n c e r a te s a b ov e the s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l , the ta b le is m o r e
s e n ta t iv e o f p o l i c i e s in m e d i u m and l a r g e e s ta b l i s h m e n ts .

rela te
o f the
estab­
form al
repre­

Shift d i f f e r e n t i a l data a r e l i m i t e d to p l a n t w o r k e r s in m a n u ­
fa c tu r in g i n d u s tr i e s . (S ee ta ble B - 2 . ) T h is i n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d
in t e r m s o f (1) e s ta b lis h m e n t p o l i c y 3 f o r t o ta l p l a n t w o r k e r e m p l o y ­
m e n t, and (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e f o r w o r k e r s a c tu a lly e m p l o y e d on the
s p e c i f i e d shift at the t i m e o f the s u r v e y .
In e s t a b lis h m e n ts ha vin g
v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , the amount ap p lyin g to a m a j o r i t y is us ed; i f no
amount ap p lie s to a m a j o r i t y , the c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " is us ed. In e s ­
t a b lis h m e n ts ha vin g s o m e l a t e - s h i f t hours p aid at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f ­
f e r e n c e is r e c o r d e d on ly i f it ap p lie s to a m a j o r i t y o f the shift h o u rs.
T h e sched ule d w e e k l y hours and days o f a m a j o r i t y o f the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s ta b l i s h m e n t a r e tabulate d as ap p lyin g to
a l l o f the p l a n t w o r k e r s o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f that e s ta b l i s h m e n t. (See
ta b le B - 3 . ) Scheduled w e e k l y hours and days a r e th ose wh ich a m a ­
j o r i t y o f f u l l - t i m e e m p l o y e e s a r e e x p e c t e d to w o r k , w h e t h e r th ey a r e
p aid s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e r a t e s .

P a i d h o lid a y s ; paid v a c a tio n s ; and healt h, i n s u r a n c e , and p e n ­
sion plans a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on the b a s is that th e s e a r e a p p l i ­
c ab le to a l l p l a n t w o r k e r s o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f a m a j o r i t y o f such w o r k ­
e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r m a y e v e n tu a lly q u a l i fy f o r the p r a c t i c e s l i s t e d .
(S ee ta b le s B - 4 th rough B - 6 . ) Sums o f i n d iv id u a l i t e m s in t a b le s B - 2
th ro ugh B - 6 m a y not equal to ta ls b e c a u s e o f rounding.
Data on paid ho lid a ys a r e l i m i t e d to h o l i d a y s g ra n te d annu­
a l l y on a f o r m a l b a s is ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r
(2) a r e e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s to m . (S ee tab le B - 4 . ) H o l i d a y s o r d i n a r i l y
g ra n te d a r e in c lu d e d e v e n though th e y m a y f a l l on a n o n w o rk d ay and
the w o r k e r is not g ra n te d an oth er d ay o ff. The f i r s t p a r t o f the paid
h o lid a y s tab le p r e s e n t s the n u m b e r o f w h ole and h a lf h o lid a y s a c tu a lly
g ra n te d .
T h e s eco nd p art c o m b i n e s w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s to show
t o ta l h o l i d a y t i m e . T a b l e B - 4 a r e p o r t s the in c i d e n c e o f the m o s t
c o m m o n p aid h o l i d a y s .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t i o n plans is a s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e o f
v a c a ti o n p r o v i s i o n s r a t h e r than a m e a s u r e o f the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s
a c tu a lly r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e fits . (S ee tab le B - 5 . ) P r o v i s i o n s apply
to a l l p l a n t w o r k e r s o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t r e g a r d l e s s
o f length o f s e r v i c e . P a y m e n t s on o t h e r than a t i m e b a s is a r e c o n ­
v e r t e d to a t i m e p e r i o d ; f o r e x a m p l e , 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s
a r e c o n s i d e r e d e q u i v a l e n t to 1 w e e k s ' pay. O n ly b a s ic plans a r e i n ­
cluded. E s t i m a t e s e x c lu d e v a c a tio n bonuses , v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s plans,
and " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e fits beyo nd b a s ic plans.
Such
p r o v i s i o n s a r e t y p i c a l in the s t e e l , alum in u m , and can i n d u s tr ie s .
H e alth , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n plans f o r wh ich the e m p l o y e r
pays at l e a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t in clude th ose (1) u n d e r w r itte n by a
c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e c om p an y o r n o n p r ofit o r g a n i z a t i o n , (2) p r o v i d e d
through a union fund, o r (3) paid d i r e c t l y by the e m p l o y e r out o f c u r ­
rent o p e r a t i n g funds o r f r o m a fund set as id e f o r this p u r p o s e. (See
ta b le B - 6 . ) A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t is c o n s i d e r e d to have such a plan i f the
m a j o r i t y o f e m p l o y e e s a r e c o v e r e d un der the plan e v e n i f l e s s than a
m a j o r i t y e l e c t to p a r t i c i p a t e b e ca use e m p l o y e e s a r e r e q u i r e d to c o n ­
trib u te t o w a r d the c o s t o f the plan.
E x c lu d e d a r e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d
plans, such as w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d
retirem en t.
S ic k n e s s and a c c id en t i n s u r a n c e is l i m i t e d to that ty pe o f i n ­
s u ran c e un der which p r e d e t e r m i n e d cas h p a y m e n ts a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
to the i n s u r e d during t e m p o r a r y i l l n e s s o r ac c id e n t d i s a b i l i t y . I n f o r ­
m a ti o n is p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l such plans to wh ich the e m p l o y e r c o n ­
t r i b u t e s . H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k and N e w J e r s e y , wh ich have enacte d
t e m p o r a r y d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e law s r e q u i r i n g e m p l o y e r c o n tr ib u t io n s , 4
plans a r e in c lu d e d o n ly i f the e m p l o y e r (1) c on trib u tes m o r e than is
l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s the e m p l o y e e with b e n e fits which e x ­
c e e d the r e q u i r e m e n t s o f the la w . T a b u la tio n s o f paid s ic k l e a v e plans

3
An establishment is considered as having a policy if it met either of the following condi­
tions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late
shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late shifts
4
during the 12 months before the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating late shifts.
contributions.




The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer

4
a r e l i m i t e d to f o r m a l plans 5 wh ic h p r o v i d e f u l l pay o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f
the w o r k e r ' s pay durin g ab s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e ca u s e o f i l l n e s s . S e p a ­
r a te tabula tions a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g to (1) plans wh ich p r o v i d e full
pay and no w ait in g p e r i o d , and (2) plans w h ich p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l
pay o r a w a it in g p e r i o d . In ad d itio n to the p r e s e n t a t i o n o f p r o p o r t i o n s
o f w o r k e r s p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s and a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e o r paid s ic k
l e a v e , an un duplicated to ta l is shown o f w o r k e r s who r e c e i v e e i t h e r
o r both ty p e s o f b e n e f i t s .

the end o f the d i s a b i l i t y , a m a x i m u m a g e , o r e l i g i b i l i t y f o r r e t i r e ­
m e n t b e n e f i t s . F u ll o r p a r t i a l p a y m e n t s a r e a l m o s t a lw a y s r e d u c e d by
s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a t i o n , and p r i v a t e p e n s io n b e n e f its
p a y a b le to the d is a b l e d e m p l o y e e .

M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e p lans p r o t e c t e m p l o y e e s f r o m s i c k ­
n e s s and i n j u r y e x p e n s e s b eyo nd the c o v e r a g e o f b a s i c h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n ,
m e d i c a l , and s u r g i c a l p la n s . T y p i c a l f e a t u r e s o f m a j o r m e d i c a l plans
a r e (1) a " d e d u c t i b l e " ( e . g . , $ 5 0 ) p a id b y the i n s u r e d b e f o r e b e n e f its
L o n g - t e r m d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e plans p r o v i d e p a y m e n ts to
b egin ; (2) a c o i n s u r a n c e f e a t u r e r e q u i r i n g th e i n s u r e d to p a y a p o r t i o n
t o t a l l y d i s a b l e d e m p l o y e e s upon the e x p i r a t i o n o f t h e i r paid s ic k l e a v e
( e . g . , 20 p e r c e n t ) o f c e r t a i n e x p e n s e s ; and (3) state d d o l l a r m a x i m u m
an d/or s ic k n e s s and ac c id e n t in s u r a n c e , o r a f t e r a p r e d e t e r m i n e d
b e n e f i ts ( e . g . , $ 10, 000 a y e a r ) . M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e p r o v i d e s c o m p l e t e
p e rio d of d is a b ility (ty p ica lly 6 m onths).
P a y m e n t s a r e m a d e until
o r p a r t i a l p a y m e n t o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s . D e nta l i n s u r a n c e u s u all y c o v e r s
5
An establishment is considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the minimum f i l l i n g s , e x t r a c t i o n s , and X - r a y s . E x c l u d e d a r e plans w h ich c o v e r on ly
o r a l s u r g e r y o r a c c id e n t d a m a g e . R e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n plans p r o v i d e
number of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be written, but
p a y m e n t s f o r the r e m a i n d e r o f the w o r k e r ' s l i f e .
informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, are excluded.




5

T a b le 1. E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o rk e rs w ith in s c o p e o f s u rv e y and n u m b e r s tu d ie d in P itts b u rg h , P a .,1 by m a jo r in d u s try d iv is io n ,2 J a n u a ry 1 9 7 3
W orkers in establishm ents

Number of establishm ents
Industry division

All establishm ents
All d iv isio n s_________________________ __
Manufacturing —
Nonm anufacturing____________________________
Transportation , communication, and
other public u tilitie s 5_________________ __
W holesale trad e___________________________
R etail tr a d e _______________________________
_
Finance, in suran ce, and rea l estate 67_____
S erv ic e s 8_________ ______________________
L arg e establishm ents
All d iv isio n s_____________________________
M anufacturing_____ __________ _____________
Nonm anufacturing____________________________
T ransportation , communication, and
other public utilities 5_ — — — ______
_
Wholesale trade--------------------------------- —
R etail tr a d e _____-__-______________________
Finance, insurance, and rea l e state 6______
S erv ic e s 8__ ________ ____ _______ _____

Minimum
employment
in e sta b lish ­
ments in scope
of study

-

Within scope of study
Within scope
of study1
3
*

Studied

T o ta l4

Studied
Number

Percent

Plant

Office
T otal4

968
318
650

236
80
156

400, 475

100

262,608

61,952

219,201
181,274

55
45

157,850
104,758

24,879
37,073

228,869
115,284
113,585

25
26
37
24
44

45,925
15,572
64,679
25, 789
29,309

11

50
50

60
142
154
107
187

25,433
7,866
50,487
7 3,296
17,676

8 , 031
4, 181
6 , 748
14,203
3,910

34, 796
5, 197
42,925
16,553
14, 114

.

141

100

167,609
104,175

62
38

179,295
121,382
57,913

41.600
18,916
22, 684

200,360

87
54

91
43
48

271,784

500

19
3
19

15
3
17

13

8

8

5

5

36, 147
1,896
44,276
13,993
7,863

18,852
887
34,184
7 526
3,464

6,908
335
5, 145
9, 174
1, 122

32,243
1,896
38, 880
13,993
7,863

100
-

100

50

100

-

500
500
500
500
500

4
17
6

7

1

16
5
3

105,485
94,875

1 The P ittsburgh Standard Metropolitan S tatistical A re a, as defined by the Office of Management and Budget through November 1971, co n sists of Allegheny, B eaver, Washington, and
W estmoreland Counties. The "w o rk ers within scope of study" e stim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accu rate description of the size and com position of the labor force included in
the survey. The e stim ates are not intended, however, to serv e a s a b a sis of com parison with other employment indexes for the a re a to m easu re employment trends or levels since (1) planning
of wage surveys requ ires the use of establishm ent data com piled con siderably in advance of the pay roll period studied, and (2) sm all establishm ents are excluded from the scope of the survey.
The 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial C la ssific atio n Manual w as used in classify in g establishm ents by industry division.
3 Includes all establishm ents with total employment at or above the minimum lim itation. All outlets (within the area) of com panies in such in dustries as trade, finance, auto rep air serv ice ,
and motion picture theaters are considered a s 1 establishm ent.
4 Includes executive, p ro fessio n al, and other w orkers excluded from the sep arate plant and office categ o ries.
5 Abbreviated to "public u tilities" in the A- and B - s e r ie s tab les. T axicabs and se rv ic e s incidental to w ater transportation were excluded. P ittsb u rgh 's local and suburban tran sit operations
are m unicipally owned and are excluded by definition from the scope of the survey.
6 Abbreviated to "finance" in the A- and B - s e r ie s tab les.
7 E stim ate relate s to re a l estate establishm ents only. W orkers from the entire industry division are represen ted in the S e rie s A tab le s, but from the real estate portion only in "a ll
industry" estim ates in the S e rie s B tab les.
8 Hotels and m otels; laundries and other p erso n al se r v ic e s; bu sin ess se r v ic e s; automobile re p a ir, rental, and parking; motion p ictu re s; nonprofit m em bership organizations (excluding religious
and charitable organizations); and engineering and arch itectural se rv ic e s.

Industrial com position in m anufacturing
About one-half of the w orkers within scope of the survey in the P ittsburgh a re a
were employed in m anufacturing firm s. The following p resen ts the m ajor industry groups
and sp ecific in du stries as a percent of all m anufacturing;
Industry groups
P rim a ry m etal in d u stries_____ 46
E le c tric a l equipment and
su p p lie s--------13
F ab ricated m etal products_______ 7
Stone, clay, and g la ss

Specific in dustries
B la st furnace and b asic
steel p ro d u cts_____________ 41
E le c tric te st and distributing

Machinery, except
e le c tr ic a l__________________ 6
Food and kindred products_______ 5
This information is based on e stim ates of total employment derived from universe
m a te ria ls com piled p rior to actual survey. P roportion s in variou s industry divisions m ay
differ from proportions based on the r e su lts of the survey a s shown in table 1 above.




Labor-m anagem ent agreem ent coverage
The following tabulation shows the percent of plantworkers and officew orkers
employed in establishm ents in which a contract or contracts covered a m ajority of the
w orkers in the resp ective cate g o rie s, P ittsburgh, P a ., Jan uary 1973;
Plantw orkers
Officew orkers
All in d u stries________________
83
31
M anufacturing-------------------98
49
Public u tilitie s __________ —
93
60
W holesale trad e _____________
75
4
42
R etail t r a d e _______ — _____
12
100
Finance----------------------------S e r v ic e s_____________________
45
25
An establishm ent is considered to have a contract covering all plantw orkers or
officew orkers if a m ajority of such w orkers a re covered by a labor-m anagem ent agreem ent.
Th erefore, a ll other plantw orkers or officew orkers are employed in establishm ents that either
do not have labor-m anagem ent con tracts in effect, or have contracts that apply to fewer than
half of their plantw orkers or officew orkers. E stim a tes a re not n e c e ssa rily represen tative
of the extent to which all w orkers in the a re a m ay be covered by the provisions of
labor-m anagem ent agreem en ts, because sm all establishm ents are excluded and the industrial
scope of the survey is lim ited.

W a g e Trends for Se lected Occupational G rou ps
P r e s e n t e d in ta b le 2 a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t s o f chan ge in
a v e r a g e w e e k l y s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr i a l
n u r s e s , and in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p l a n t w o r k e r g ro u p s.
T h e i n d e x e s a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d as a
p e r c e n t o f w a g e s durin g the b a s e p e r i o d .
Su btrac tin g 100 f r o m the
in d e x y i e l d s the p e r c e n t change in w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e r i o d to the
date o f the in dex. T h e p e r c e n t s o f chan ge o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to w a g e
ch an ge s b e t w e e n the in d i c a te d d ate s . An n u a l r a t e s o f i n c r e a s e , w h e r e
shown, r e f l e c t the am ount o f i n c r e a s e f o r 12 m onths wh en the t i m e
p e r i o d b e t w e e n s u r v e y s w a s o t h e r than 12 m onths.
T hese com pu­
tatio n s a r e b a s e d on the as s u m p t io n that w a g e s i n c r e a s e d at a con stant
rate b etw een s u rveys.
T h e s e e s t i m a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s o f chan ge in
a v e r a g e s f o r the a r e a ; th e y a r e not in ten d ed to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y
ch an ge s in the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .

T h e in d e x is a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e and is e x ­
p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f w a g e s in the b a s e y e a r .
T h e b a s e y e a r is
a s s i g n e d the v a lu e o f 100 p e r c e n t .
T h e in d e x is c o m p u te d b y m u l t i ­
p l y i n g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100 p e r c e n t ) b y the r e l a t i v e (th e p e r c e n t
chan ge plus 100 p e r c e n t ) f o r the next s u c c e e d in g y e a r and then c o n ­
tinuing to m u l t i p l y (com p oun d) e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y the p r e v i o u s
y e a r ' s index.
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
tr e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
ex c lu s iv e o f earnings f o r o v e r tim e .
F o r p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , th e y
m e a s u r e c han ges in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , exc lu d in g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la te shifts .
T h e p e r c e n t s a r e b a s e d on data f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
pations and in clud e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y im p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in
e a c h gro up.

M e th o d o f C o m p u tin g
E a c h o f the f o l l o w i n g k e y o c c u p a tio n s w ith in an oc c u p a tio n a l
g ro u p is a s s i g n e d a con stant w e i g h t b a s e d on its p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m ­
p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p :
Office clerical (men and
women):
Bookke eping- machine
operators, class B
Clerics, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A, B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerics, payroll
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Messengers (office boys or
girls)

Office clerical (men and
women)— Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B
Industrial nurses (men and
women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

L i m i t a t i o n s o f Data
T h e in d e x e s and p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e , as m e a s u r e s o f chan ge
in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e in f l u e n c e d b y :
(1) G e n e r a l s a l a r y and w a g e
c h a n ge s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y ind iv id u al
w o r k e r s w h i l e in the s a m e j o b , and (3) ch an ge s in a v e r a g e w a g e s due
to c han ges in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n o v e r , f o r c e
e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c ti o n s , and c han ges in the p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k ­
e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s . C han ges in
the l a b o r f o r c e can caus e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the oc c u p a tio n a l
a v e r a g e s with out actu al w a g e chan ges.
It is c o n c e i v a b l e that e v e n
though a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s , a v e r a g e
w a g e s m a y h a ve d e c l i n e d b e c a u s e l o w e r - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e n te r e d
the a r e a o r e xpanded t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s . S i m i l a r l y , w a g e s m a y ha ve
r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y const ant, y e t a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a m a y ha ve r i s e n
c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h i g h e r - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e n t e r e d the a r e a .

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and
cleaners
Laborers, material handling

NOTE: Comptometer operators, used in the computation of previous trends, are no longer
surveyed by the Bureau.

T h e use o f constant e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f chan ges in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h job i n ­
c lu d e d in the data.
T h e p e r c e n t s o f chan ge r e f l e c t o n ly chan ges in
a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o urs.
T h e y a r e not in flu e n ce d b y
c han ges in s tan da rd w o r k s c h e d u le s , as such, o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
for overtim e.
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , data a r e a d ju s te d to r e m o v e f r o m
the in d e x e s and p e r c e n t s o f chan ge any s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t caus e d b y
c han ges in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

T h e a v e r a g e (m e a n ) e a r n i n g s f o r e ach oc c up atio n a r e m u l t i ­
p l i e d b y the o c c u p a ti o n a l w e i g h t , and the p ro d u c ts f o r a l l oc c u p atio n s
in the g ro u p a r e to ta l e d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s a r e
r e l a t e d b y s u b tr a c tin g the a g g r e g a t e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r f r o m the
a g g r e g a t e f o r the l a t e r y e a r and d i v i d i n g the r e m a i n d e r b y the a g g r e ­
g a te f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e r e s u l t t i m e s 100 shows the p e r c e n t
o f change.




6




T a b le 2 . In d e x e s o f e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s in P itts b u rg h , P a ., J a n u a ry 1 9 7 2 and J a n u a ry 1 9 7 3 ,
a n d p e rc e n ts o f c h a n g e 1 fo r s e le c te d p e rio d s
Ail in dustries
Weekly earnings
Period

Office
c le ric a l
(men and
women)

Industrial
n urses
(men and
women)

Manufacturing

Hourly earnings
Skilled
maintenance
trad es
(men)

Unskilled
plantw orkers
(men)

Weekly earnings
Office
c le ric a l
(men and
women)

Industrial
n urses
(men and
women)

Hourly earnings
Skilled
maintenance
trad es
(men)

Unskilled
plantw orkers
(men)

Indexes (Jan uary 1967-100)
January 1972------------------------------------------January 1973________________________________

130.3
137.2

137.6
148.3

135.1
144.7

137.0
139.9

130.0
137.3

137.2
148.3

134.7
143.7

140.2
146.6

P ercen ts of change 1
Decem ber 1959 to January 1961:
13-month in c re a se -------------------------------Annual rate of in c r e a se ___________________

4.4
4.1

2.5
2.3

4.2
3.9

3.1
2.9

5.6
5.2

2.0
1.8

3.8
3.5

4.0
3.7

January
January
Jan uary
January
January
January
January
January
January
January
January
January

2.9
1.4
1.1
2.1
2.9
3.1
3.6
5.8
6.0
4.7
7.1
5.3

3.4
2.4
.9
1.4
1.8
4.5
4.7
8.6
5.6
6.0
8.1
7.8

2.9
.7
.2
1.3
6.3
1.9
3.4
6.7
4.5
5.5
11.1
7.1

3.3
2.3
1.6
1.4
3.5
3.8
4.0
5.4
5.6
7.2
10.4
2.1

3.1
1.8
.6
- .5
1.9
3.4
2.6
5.7
6.2
4.3
8.3
5.6

3.9
2.4
.5
1.4
2.7
3.5
4.3
9.0
4.9
6.5
8.1
8.1

3.0
.5
-.1
.7
6.5
1.7
3.5
7.1
4.3
4.9
11.1
6.7

3.6
3.4
.7
1.1
4.3
2.4
2.7
6.6
6.2
5.7
14.1
4.6

1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972

to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to

January
January
January
January
January
Jan uary
January
January
January
January
January
January

1962---------------------1963---------------------1964---------------------1965---------------------1966________________
1967________________
1968________________
1969________________
1970---------------------1971---------------------1972---------------------1973----------------------

1 All changes are in c re a se s un less otherwise indicated.

8




T a b le 3 . P e r c e n ts o f in c re a s e in a v e ra g e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s ,
a d ju s te d fo r e m p lo y m e n t s h ifts , in P itts b u rg h , P a ., J a n u a ry 1 9 7 2 to J a n u a ry 1 9 7 3
Occupational group

A ll
in du stries

M anufac­
turing

Nonmanu­
facturing

Office c le r ic a l (men and women)___________________
In d ustrial n u rse s (men and women) ________________
Skilled m aintenance tra d e s (men)___________________
U nskilled p lantw orkers (men)______________________

6.7
7.3
6.3
6.8

6.9
7.4
5.9
6.0

6.3
( ')
(l )
8.3

Data do not m eet publication c r ite r ia .

NOTE: Table 3 provides p ercen ts of change in av erage hourly earn ings for selected
occupational groups, adjusted to exclude the effect of employment sh ifts. The new method
fo r computing wage tren d s is based on changes in av era ge hourly earn ings for e stablish m en ts
reportin g the index jo b s in both the curren t and previou s y e a r (m atched estab lish m e n ts),
holding establishm ent employment in the jobs constant.
The new wage tren d s a re not linked to the curren t indexes b ecau se the new wage tren d s
m e a su re changes in m atched establishm ent a v e ra g e s w hereas the curren t indexes m ea su re
changes in a re a a v e ra g e s. Other c h a ra c te ristic s of the new wage tren d s which d iffer from
the curren t ones include (1) earn ings data of office c le r ic a l w ork ers and in d u strial n u rse s
a re converted to an hourly b a s is , and (2) trend e stim a te s a re provided fo r nonm anufacturing
e stabli shment s .
F o r a m ore detailed descrip tion of the new method used to compute a re a wage survey
in dexes, see "Im proving A rea Wage Survey In d e x e s," Monthly L ab or Review , Jan u ary 1973,
pp. 52-57.

9

A. Occupational earnings
T a b l e A -1 . O f f i c e o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k l y e a rn in g s
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and earn in gs o f w o rk e rs in s e le c te d occupations by industry d iv is io n , P ittsb u rgh , P a ., January 1973)
W eekly earnings
(standard)
Num ber

Occupation and in d u stry divisii

of

work

eis

*

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings ol
t
50

w eekly
M edian

(standard

^

M iddle ranged

%

$
60

$
70

$
80

(

t
90

100

$
110

$
120

$
130

S

$
140

15 C

$

1
16C

170

$
18C

S
15C

t
2 CC

S
21C

)
22C

%

»
23C

240

and
under
6C

250
and

70

8C

90

ICC

110

120

130

140

150

160

3
-

-

16
16

15
1C

10
10

3
1

12
11

5
5

2

-

-

-

-

5

-

2

-

-

2

2

6
6

4
4

1
“

31
29

19
5

2

1
1

i
i

4

8

6

14

2

10

-

32
32

35
9
26

43
25
ie

32
16
16

44
15
29

n
4
7

a

2
2

11

24
34

63
3
60

116
29
87

46

11

39
3
36

22

6
11

20
12

29
25

17

28
-

22

6
20
8
2

7
1C1
30
37

165
3
.3
132
40
54

171
29
142

105
25
80
5
41
24

10

28

30

20

139
37
1C2
19
53
18

“

-

22

3
3

10

-

a
i
7
5

65
36

70
15
51
37

1C

123
106
65
9
9

67

3

56

1EC

190

2C0

i
i

-

17C

210

22C

23C

24C

250

over

MEN AND WOMEN COMBINED

BILLERS, MACHINE ( ECCKKEEP ING
MACHINE) -------------------------------NCNMANUFAC1LRING ----------------

90
53

$
$
$
39.5 138.50 126.00 106.CC-205.5C
39.5 113.50 115.50 94.00-131.50

33

o
o

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NGNMANUFACTORING
PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------

68

184.50 2C6.5C 159.CC-208.5C

50

38.5 104.50 1C5.00 101 .00-117.0C
39.0 1CC.5C 1C3.0C 96.CC-1C8.5C

73

38.0 147.50 141.50 121.00-177.00

212
73
139

38.5 110.50 1C7.C0 9 6 .5 0 -1 2 3 .5C
38.5 114.00 111.50 102.CO-124.50
C
38.5 108.C 1C6.0C 91.5C-123.5C

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A --MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------WHOLESALE TRACE --------------RETAIL TRACE ------------------FINANCE ---------------------------SERVICES --------------------------

9C6
ACC
5C6
73
187
76
118
52

3 9 .C
39.5
38.5
39.5
3 9 .C
39.0
38.0
36.0

159.50
176.50
145.50
19C.CC
143.C
C
127.50
124.00
168.CC

1 5 8 .5C
186.CC
135.00
2C5.CC
135.CC
125.00
12C.5C
16 4 .5C

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B --MANUFACTURING --------------------NCNMANUFACTLRING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------WHCLESALE TRACE --------------RETAIL TRACE -------------------FINANCE ---------------------------SERVICtS --------------------------

1,154
355
799
8C
233
282
74
13C

39.0
39.5
38.5
39.5
39.5
39.0
37.0
37.5

124.50
140.50
117.CC
169.50
120.C
C
106.5C
116.00
103.CC

116.50 99.CC-149.5C
146.00 115.C0-168.CC
1C9.CC 96.CC-133.5C
17 6 .5C 151.5C-193.CC
117.00 97.5C-144.50
103. 50 9 5 .5 0 -1 1 5 .C
O
113.50 103.50-122.CC
97.50 85.50-116.50

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A -------------

117
56
61

38.5 131.50 136.CC 103.C0-159.CC
38.5 150.CC 14 7 .5C 138.5C-163.CC
38.0 114.CC IC4.C0
87.CC-124.0C

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------NCNMANUFACTLRING ----------------FINANCE ----------------------------

276
104
172
96

39.0 1C3.CC 94.00
39.5 11C.50 111.0C
9 2 .0C
38.5
99.00
91.50
9 1 .5C
37.5

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C ------------NCNMANUFACTLRING ----------------FINANCE ----------------------------

37e
331
148

39.0
3 9 .C
38.0

CLERKS, ORDER --------------------------MANUFACTURING---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------WHCLESALE TRACE --------------RETAIL TRACE --------------------

522
275
247
144

40.0
39.5
40.0
4C.0
40.0

ECCKKEEFING-MACHINE CPEPATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------------------BOOKKEEPING-PA CHINE CPERATCRS,
CLASS B ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NCNMANUFACTORING ----------------

m an uf a ct ur in g

-------------------

NCNMANUFACTLRING ----------------

See footnotes at end of tables,




102

86.50
84.50
83.00

84.CC
62.CC
82.00

125.0C-193.CC
148.5C-198.00
118.5C-177.CC
148.CC-21C.5C
117.00-177.00
116.00-133.00
105.C0-14C.CC
136.CC-194.CC

87.CC-116.CC
91.CC-128.CC
85.0C-1C3.CC
85.50- 98.00
7 5 .00- 9 3 .5C
7 4.50- 91.CC
7 4 .5 0 - 88.00

135.50 125.50 104.50-167.CC
154.0C 153.50 124.CO-185.5C
115.50 108.00 99.CC-125.5C
122.00 122.00 104.50-129.CC
1C5.5C 99.50 9 7 .CC-109.0C

-

_

2

-

_
-

-

-

*

-

-

_
-

_

2

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

11

7
7
-

32
fi
24
14
-

1C8

1

-

6

-

6

-

22

-

10

-

4

124
124
49

-

-

_
'

87

22

6

14
-

8

6

31
72
13

12

1

11

10
-

11
2

5

9

4

27
9
18
14

32
18
14
4

16
13
3

7C
61
2C

26
17
9

12

10
8

78

64
9
55
36
19

49
24
25

10

105
49
56
53

15

3

11

11

-

10

4
i

1

10

36

64
28
36

1

7

12

7
9

8

107
57
50

20
6
2

14

8

81
37
44
7
2C
3
ii
3

23

i

-

i

-

23

-

-

-

-

6

13

_

-

_

1C

_

_

-

2
2

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

“

•

"

*

*

1

*

*

45
25
2C

37
15

61
26
35
31

e6

121

31
19

25

4

2

1C
e
-

64
24
2C
9
17

1
1

22
1
11
1
3

6
85
39
46
7
28

1
2
1

35

22
13
9

-

“

12
9
3

_

3

-

3
2

-

2
1

14

69
29
30
19
7
4

55
40
15

12

25
9
16
14

13
3
1C
9

-

_
-

3

2

i

-

-

-

-

-

6

*

-

“

-

6

-

66
18
15
-

2

3

2

9

j
3

2
1

2

12
6
3

2

-

1

L

12
13
1C
3
-

3

-

1

“

i
i
i

-

-

1

£

85
26
13
7

17
14
3

15
13

6

17
16

l

“

18

6

_

6

-

-

6

_

-

_

-

-

_

16

fc
-

-

6

-

-

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
1

_

1

31
23

9

36
28

10

19

28
28

64
62

23

4

22

9
7

-

1

*»

2
2
2

2
1
1
1

1
1

-

_
-

-

'

'

'

'

'

2

8
6
2

2

6

3
3

8

7
i

1

2

'

2
1
1

1

-

~

10
T a b l e A -1. O f f i c e o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k l y e a r n in g s -----C o n tin u e d
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of w orkers in selected occupations by industry division, Pittsburgh, P a ., January 1973)
W
eekly earnings 1
Number

Occupation and industry division

I
50

weekly
(standard)

Mean ^

Median

l

Middle ranged

i

60

Number

%

*

7C

s

*
80

90

of w o r k e r s re ce i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of

$

100

$

110

$

120

s
130

$
140

t
150

*
160

$
170

180

$

t

190

$

$

200

210

s
22C

$

$
23C

240

and
under
60

25C
and

7C

120

130

140

15G

16C

170

18C

190

2C0

21C

28

2
11
11

3

37
13
24
13
3

25
7
18
16

11

59
41
18
9
3

53
51

2
6

23
14
9
-

60
55
5

-

22
10
12
2

55
AA
ii

7

A7
24
23
7

58
4
54
1C

lie
17
93
58

117

98
39
59

137
ICC
37

280
256
24

45
25

12

12

11

10
2
8
6

_
-

29

18

5

95
2C
75
A
32
7
28
A

140
51
89
5
9
34

111

8A
46
38
1C
A
u

47
25

11

13

3

1

121

5C
17
33
17

20

23

6

13
7
5

22
1

4

11
11

8
6

1
1

142
3A
1C8
19
3
19
4C
27

228
69
159

304
147
157

20
10

22
22

41
84
4

19
51
43

6

18
15
3

24

14

80

90

ICC

32
28
A
A

17
14
3
3

12

6
6

12

lie

22C

23C

3
3
-

-

24C

25C

over

-

-

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

HEN ANO W M
O EN COMBINED—
CONTINUED
CLFKKS, PAYRCLL -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMANUFAC1LRING -----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------------RETAIL TRACE ---------------------------

A9C
314
176
60
52

39.5
40.0
3 9.C
39.5
38.5

$
1 4 3 . 5C
1 4 2 . 5C
1 4 6 . CC
1 8 4 . CC
12C.5C

$
1 5 1 . CC
152.50
1 4 3 . CC
19C.5C
114.50

1 15 .5C -17 2 .5 C
121.CC-169.C0
1 1 1 . C C -1 7 7 . C C
17 O .C 0 -2 C2 .C C
9 9 . 0 0 - 1 3 9 . CC

KEYPUNCH OPERA ICRS, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMANUFACIUR INC------------------------PUELIC UTILITIES -------------------FINANCE -----------------------------------

940
496
AAA
1C6
163

29.5
4C.0
3 9.C
39.5
37.5

1 3 4 . CC
1 4 1 . 5C
125.50
1 6 7 . CC
1 1 4 . 5C

126.50
1 4 6 . CC
115.50
163.50
1 1 3 . CC

114.CC-147.5C
136.CC-146.5C
1 04 .0C -13 4 .5 C
1 3 9 . C C -2 C 1 . 5 C
1 0 4 . 5 0 - 1 2 4 . CC

_
-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS e ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC LI I L I T I E S --------------------WHOLESALE TRACF ---------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------FINANCE -----------------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------

682
247
435
71
116
99
87
62

2 9 .C
39.5
39.0
39.5
39.5
4C.C
38.0
39.0

ice.cc
1 1 6 . CC
1C3.5C
1 2 3 . 5C
9 1 . CO
98.50
9 6 . CC
1 1 2 . OC

1C6.5C
92.5 C -1 2C .5 C
1 1 5 . CO 1 0 6 . C C - 1 2 4 . 5 C
8 6 . 5 C - 1 1 5 .CC
1CC.CC
1 3 5 . CO 1 17 . C C -1 4 5 . C C
87.00
8 2 . 5 0 - 9 8 . 5C
1C2.CC
82.5C -109.0C
9 5 . 5C
88.5 C -1 C 4 .5 0
1 C 4 . 5 0 I C C . 0 0 - 1 2 6 . CC

*

MESSENGERS ICFFICE BCYS AND GIRLSIMANUFACTURING ----------------------------NON MANUFACTURING-----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------------FINANCE -----------------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------

358
124
234
74
91
5A

39.0
39.5
38.5
39.5
37.5
39.0

102.50
97.00
ICE.CC 1C3.5C
9 9 . 5C
9 6 . 5C
1 2 4 . 5 0 1 0 2 .0 0
9 5 . 5C
85 • 5C
9 0 . 5C
84.00

SECRETARIES ------------------------------------MANUfACTURING ----------------------------NCNM ANUFACT U I N C -----------------------R
PUELIC UTILITIES --------------------WHOLESALE TRACE ---------------------RETAIL TRACE --------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------

A*C59
2,232
1,8 2 7
453

39.0
39.5
3e.5
39.0
39.0
4C.0
37.5
39.0

1 5 5 . CC
1 5 9 . CO
15C.CC
1 7 0 . 5C
1 6 3 . CC
13C.5C
1 3 5 . CC
1 4 7 . OC

2C2
8C

38.5
38.5
38.0

1 8 5 . OC i e 7 . 5 C 1 5 7 . C C - 2 1 2 . 5 C
1 8 7 . 0 0 1 9 3 . OC 1 5 5 . C C -2 1 6 . C C
1 7 8 . 5C 1 8 5 . 5 0 1 5 7 . 5 C - 1 9 9 . 5 C

SECRETARIES, CLASS 6 ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUELIC UTILITIES --------------------WHOLESALE TRACE ---------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------

765
466
299
79
6C
75
67

39.0
39.5
38.5
39.0
38.5
37.5
38.5

164.50
1 6 9 . CC
1 5 8 . 5C
1 9 9 . OC
1 5 3 . 5C
1 3 8 . OC
1 3 7 . CC

166.50
1 7 3 . 5C
153.50
2C2.5C
1 6 1 . CC
134.50
1 4 0 . OC

14C.0 0 - 1 8 8 .5 0
1 4 9 . 5 0 - 1 8 9 . 5C
1 2 9 . 0 0 - 1 8 3 . CC
1 6 9 . 0 0 - 2 3 2 . OC
1 27. 5C -1 7f c. CC
1 1 2 . 0 0 - 1 5 7 . 5C
1 06 .00-157.50

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUELIC UTILITIES --------------------WHOLESALE TRACE ---------------------RETAIL TRACE --------------------------FINANCE -----------------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------

1 .4 C 3
684
719
187

39.0
39.5
38.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
36.5
39.0

1 5 7 . OC
1 5 5 . CC
1 5 9 . CC
1 7 8 . OC
1 8 4 . 5C
1 2 4 . 5C
148.50
1 5 0 . 5C

1 5 8 . CO
1 5 7 . 5C
1 5 8 . OC
176.00
1 6 2 . CO
1 2 1 . CO
149.00
154.50

1 40 .0C -17 1 .5 C
1 4C .C C -1 7C .5 C
14C.5C-173.5C
1 6 C . 0 0 - 1 9 5 . CC
1 57 .5C -22 6 .5 C
112.5C-140.C C
1 34 .00-164.50
1 4 1 . 5 0 - 1 6 7 . CO

-

_

“

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ------------------MANLFACTURING ----------------------------NONE AM,‘FACTUR I N G ------------------------

211
143
5C6
514

262

86
67
16G
219

1 5 4 . CC
1 5 9 . OC
1 4 7 . CC
1 6 8 . CC
161.00
123.00
1 3 4 . OC
146.50

8 7 . C C - 1 0 8 .C C
9 2 . C C - 1 2 5 .C C
83.CC-10C.5C
9 8 . CO -1 2 2. 5 C
8 1 . CC- 9 8 . 5C
7 6 . CC- 9 4 . CC
1 3 4 . 0 0 - 1 7 3 . OC
14 1 . C C - 1 7 4 . 5 C
1 2 7 . C C -1 6 9 . C C
147.CC-194.0C
132.0C-187.C C
112.5C-146.C C
115.CC-152.5C
1 3 2 . 5 0 - 1 6 5 . 5C

-

-

8

-

_
“
-

2

-

-

8

2

-

-

8

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

AA
7
27
7

22
A
A
51
15
36
2C
16
A
A
-

-

12

A

117

12
1C5
57
15
26
7
36

8
28
19

-

3C
1C1
34
A3

21
25

2

2
2

1C7
46
61

-

6

3
5
32

8
-

9

21

-

“

*

15
3

A
A
“

"

9

15

1
8

8
7

21
2C

-

6
25
25
5
14

«
-

-

8

6
10

32

-

3
3

-

10

11
21

~

-

3

3

-

2

10
1
10

21
96
A
39

71
40
13

6
8
8
5

*

-

5

-

22
18
i
-

2

2
2

498
274
224
25
14
56
123

A
A

50
27
23
19
A

73
39
34
7

63
28
35

1
21

14
14

21
3

28

2
5
3
3

3
i

7

6

2

2

-

-

A
A
-

2

-

7

31
31
31

7
7

1
6
6

A
A
-

7

1
1
-

-

-

_

-

2

_

-

14

-

2
2

-

-

1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

14
14

266
le i
85
36
18
5
17
9

162
97
65
35

142
92
50
24

i
A
19

3
23

29
13
16

32
24

23
19
A

104
89
15
3

65
48
17

591
377
214
72
26

385
262
123
55
17

8

8

6

53
55

35
73

3C
15

9
9
*

16
7
9

14
13

32

64
50
14

81
45
36
7
14
4
5

2

12

A
A

10

16

2

85
54
31

153
77
76

1

9
34
27

179
95
84
9
i
9
2C
45

225
ice
1 17
32
16

6

13

-

-

2

9

535
341
19A
49
29

6

2
1
1

5

14

9
15

20
2C

2

1C
A
fc

74
39
35
5

6
13
“

2
1

-

3
a
7

488
232
256
35
26
15
89
91

6

-

8
20

2

1

276
136
14C
33

11
1

6
22

29

41

66

21
11
75
54

21
3

11

1

4

4
A

1

11
1
2
2

163
105
58
24
5

96
44
52
30

39
15
24

6

15
14

11
5

56
25
31
18

4E

31

12

11
2C
15
A
i

22

13

17
5

11
2

10
8
2

62
52

18
7

7

1C

10
6

11

8
i

2
2

-

7
3

2
2

*

4

20

-

36
e
27
l
-

6

8

-

23

8
15
15

**

1
15
15
1C
5

“

17

30

6

20
10
10

u

10

1

1
6
6

“

9

21

-

6
3

18
3

6

9

-

2

6

7
7
-

1C
1C
•

5
-

1

“

28
28

11

2

-

2

4
4

*

26
*

3

8

2
2

‘

'

"

See footnotes at end of tables.




/

11
T a b le A -1 . O f fic e o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k ly e a rn in g s -----C o n tin u e d
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1973)
W
eekly earn gs 1
in
(stan
dard)
N ber
um
of

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$

Average

f

s

(stam itl
ia

M ^
ean

M
edian^

M
iddle ranged

$

s

%

%

$
$
»
$
$
S
$
$
140 150
160 17C 18C 19C 200 21C

60

70

80

90

IOC

110

120

130

60

Occupation and industry division

50

$

%

70

8C

9C

ICC

lie

12C

130

1AO

15C

16C

170

18C

190

2CC

21C

130
93
37

89
56
33
28
t

2A
22
2
2

8
6
2
1

1A
12
2
2

17
36
12

12
4
8
3

7
2

6
6
6

2
2
2

28
26
28

u
7
4
i
3

2
2
-

9
9
2
7

_
-

-

;
1
4

-

-

-

22
22

i
i
i

-

_
-

and
under
22C

MEN ANO WOMEN CO MBINED—
CONTINUED
SECRETARIES - CONTINUED
1 ,A12
716
696
17A
251

39.0
39.0
39.0
39.0
38.0

$
1AC.CC
1A8.50
131.50
1A5.0C
122.5C

$
1A1.50
150.5C
131.50
1A7.0C
121.5C

$
$
125.CC-15A.5C
136.50-161.5C
117.CC-1A7.CC
123.5C-167.CC
108 .5C-ne.CC

-

-

-

12
1
12
9

7C
26
44
32

75
19
56
1A
25

133
26
107
20
5A

136
36
ice
22
36

256
11A
1A2
22
A1

235
130
105
16
2A

228
17A
5A
15
27

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -----------RAM:FACTOR I N G ------------------N C N R A N U ACTLR I N G ---------------POELIC UTILITIES ------------f I N A N C E -----------------------SERVICES -----------------------

1, A23
727
696
23C
189
207

38.5
39.5
38.0
38.5
37.5
36.5

121.5C
123.CC
12C.CC
1A0.50
1C6.5C
11A.0C

118.50
122.5C
115.C0
128.5C
1C6.0C
1C7.5C

10*.0C-137.CC
106.5C-lAr.CC
10C.5C-129.cr
UE.CC-15A.ee
96. CC- lie. CC
95.C0-:2A.CC

-

15
12
3
-

13
13
2
1C

116
A1
75
34
2A

158
81
77
8
22
A7

23A
88
1A6
23
57
40

20A
128
76
23
36
4

2 3A
88
1A6
65
28
44

1A8
1C7
A1
20
9
u

119
92
27
22
I
-

7A
67
7
4
i

22

4

SIlNCGRAPHtkS, SEN I C R ------------RANG FACTOR I N C ------------------M N R A N U F A C T O R I N G ---------------PL PL IC L 1111 I I E S -------------WOOL I SAL! T R A C E --------------FINANCE -----------------------SERVICES -----------------------

1,2A2
638
6C4
87
180
2CA
99

38.5
38.5
38.5
38.5
39.5
37.5
39.5

131.CC
136.5C
125.O
C
1A2.5C
12e.5C
11A.5C
131.5C

13C.CC
135.5C
122.5C
1AC.5C
123.5C
11C.5C
136.CC

11A.5C-1AA.CC
122.CC-151.5C
107.50-138.CC
131.OC-155.CC
112.CC-136.CC
10A.CC-118.ee
122.CC-15C.5C

-

_
-

2
2
2

2A
2A
10
2
1C

56
25
31
2C
4

152
3C
122
3?
78
2

163
89
94
7
18
59
i

2C7
89
118
13
63
13
28

2A7
166
81
22
2C
17
2C

11A
73
A1
22
10
7

89
65
2A
11
1
1
1C

1C2
63
39
9
10
1A
5

44
31
13

SN ITCFbL ARE’ CPiKATCRS, CLASS A --RANLFAI TOR I N C ------------------Nt NRANIU AC It R I N C ---------------PUBLIC O'I 1L I I I E S --------------

172
94
78
33

39.0
? 9.0
39. C
39.0

138.C
O
133.5C
1A3.00
150.5C

1AC.0C
136.CC
1A6.CC
151.CC

123.C0-155.CC
12C.5C-153.5C
12P.C0-159.CC
1AA.CC-I58.ee

_
-

_
-

-

4
l
3
-

17
11
6
“

6
6
“

8
4
4
*

30
21
9
3

22
13
9
i

27
11
16
11

32
19
13
12

9
4
5
5

12

SWITCUFIARl ( IMMATURE, CLASS P --M N R A M M A C U R I N C ---------------PI Rl IC LT 111 T I E S -------------RETAIL IRATE ------------------

215
180
A5
56

39.5
29.5
39.C
AC.O

125.5C
121.CC
157.50
1C6.00

117.O 10A.5C-1A2.CC
C
11A.CC 10I.5C-I23.5C
185.00 126.CG-188.ee
1C5.50 98.CC-111.0C

-

-

-

4
A
1

37
27
1A

32
32
27

51
51
9
9

27
18
4
4

6
3
1

1A
11
9

ie
l
-

3
-

-

SWIILFEIARI t'FERAICR-RECEPl I C M S T S
RANLFAC ICR I N C -------------------N C N R A M F A C T O R I N G ---------------PUPl1C UTILITIES ------------------WFtIt SAlt TRACE --------------FINANCE ------------------------

396
1A3
253
31
1C2
5A

78.5
39.0
38.5
37.5
39.5
38.0

108.5C
1C8.CC
1C8.5C
125.CC
lll.CC
101.ee

IC6.5C 95.CC-121.CC
1C9.CC 96.5C-12A.CC
1C5.CC 94. 5C -l i8. CC
113.5C 105.50-137.5C
110.50 98.5C-118.CC
97.50 92.CO-105.CC

1C
10
-

1C
1C
-

9
9
-

3C
14
16
4

78
4
7A
7
2A
23

89
37
52
7
15
15

62
13
49
4
36
1

65
38
27
3
11
11

15
3
12
4
i

6
6
-

12
4
8
2
5

5
4
i
-

_

1

_

4

.

-

1
-

-

4
4

-

T APOl AT INC.-RA01 INt OPERATORS,
CLASS A -----------------------------------------

7A

4 0 .C 175.0C 172.CC 1A9.5C-188.CC

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

2

16

13

i

10

18

8

-

-

IAP0LA1 INC-RACE INE C P IR AT OM S,
CLASS P -----------------------------

69

138.5C 15C.5C I l l . 0 0 - I 5 8 . e e

-

-

-

2

A

10

10

5

i

2

21

5

2

1

2

2

1

TAHLLATINC-RACEINE CPtRATLRS,
CLASS C ----------------------------NCNFANLFACILRINC
POPEIC LTIL1TIES -------------TRANSCP IBING-RACEINE OPERATORS,
GtNERAL ----------------------------RANCFAOTORING -------------------NCNRAM) F A C T O R I N G ----------------

S footnotes at en of tables.
ee
d




o
o

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------NCNRAMJ F A C T O R I N G ---------------PURL IC U T I L I T I E S ------------FINANCE ------------------------

32

2
53

3

3
9
i

C
37.5 113.O 1C9.CC

99.CC-123.5C

-

-

-

7

9

15

4

13

4

1

-

-

2

27

57.5 13C.CC 12A.0C 121.CC-139.CC

-

-

-

*

-

2

3

13

4

3

-

-

2

88.0C-122.CC
8A.5C-132.5C
95.CC-112.CC

_
-

_
-

12

A7
2A
23

30

12

AO
4
36

26
9
17

18
5
13

26
22
4

9
9

39.5 105.5C 1C3.50
AO.O 108.5C 111.0C
39.5 1C3.CC 1C2.5C

A
26

4

2

-

1C

57

2C8
89
119

5

▲
1
~
-

22

12
T a b le A -1 . O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k ly e a rn in g s — C o n tin u e d
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Pittsburgh, Pa,, January 1973)

Num ber

W eekly earnings
(standard)

Av{yn?„

1

Numbe r of v/orkers receiving straight -tim e weekly ea rnings of—

S

$

$

workers

M ean

(standard)

M edian

^

7C

60

O c c u p a tio n a n d i n d u s t r y d iv is io n

60

70

-

f -

50
and
under

w eekly
M iddle ranged

1

$

%
(
$
$
t
t
$
t
t
*
$
s
$
$
*
$
100 110 120 130 140 150
160 170 180 190 200 210 220 230 240 25C

80

90

80

90

ICO

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

17
17
13
4

34
2
32
28
4

87
43
44
17
21

52
21
31
16
9

57
15
42
12
12
17

74
55
19
10
1

35
21
14
12
2
-

53
36
17
12
2
3

12
3
9
fc

7
5
2
2

1

-

“

-

12

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

12
12

-

-

-

76
10
66
6
50

255
69
166

193
40
153

64
39
25
5

40
24
16

29
24
5
3

24
21

1C
8

2

_

_

-

-

-

-

2

3
2
1

1
1

3

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

49
121

45
73

136
68
68
10
13
34

11

and

190

20C

220

21C

23C

24C

25C over

HEN ANO W O M E N C O M B I N E D —
C O NT IN U ED

$

$

441
201
240
67
91
61

39.0
40.0
38.5
39.5
38.5
38.0

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S B -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----NCNMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES
NFCLESALE TRACE •
F I N A N C E -----------

834
306
528
47
116

38« 5 9 9 .CC 9 3 .5C
39.5 1C8.5C 1C5.5C
38.0
9 3 . 5C 9 0 . 5C
36.5 106.50 1C5.5C
4C.0
9C.5C
9 0 . 5C
37 .C 9 0 .CO 88.50

294

118.0C
122.00
115.G
O
15C.5C
9 6 .5C
105.5C

$

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S A -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----NCNMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES
F I N A N C E ----------S E R V I C E S ----------

$

117.0C 97 .5 0- 13 3 .5C
123.5C 101.50-138.00
1C9.C0 9 3 . CO-124.50
14C.0C 123.50-158.5C
95 .CC 84.0C-108.0C
1C6.00 9 5 . CO-116.0C
86.CC-lCe.CC
9 0 . CO-121.50
8 4 .CO- 9 9 . C
C
94. 50 -1 18 .C
C
8 3 .CC- 9 4 .CC
82.50- 9 6 . 5C

*

-

1

-

1

-

-

-

23

-

3

2
5

3

3

i

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f t a b le s .

T a b le A -1 a.

O f f ic e o c c u p a tio n s — la rg e e s ta b lis h m e n ts :
'

i

W e e k ly ea rn in g s

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s o f w o r k e r s i n s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g 5 0 0 w o r k e r s o r m o r e b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n u a r y

Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Num
ber
of
w
orkers

Number of workers receiving straight-time we ekly earnings of—
$

s

t

$

7G

(standard

M
ean 1

M
iddle ranged

90

ICC

90

ICO

110

2

Median ^

Under
t
and
under
70

8C

80

Occupation and industry division

1 9 7 3)

*
_
-

$
$
I
t
t
S
$
$
$
$
i
110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 19C 2C0 210

t

i

22C

23C

$
s
$
24C 25C 260
and

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

19C

2C0

21C

220

230

240

25C

27

67
63

97
81
16
13
2

41
37
4

21
16
5

21
11
10
10

10
7
3

-

260 over

M
EN AND W EN COMBINED
OM
ECGKKEEPING-MACHNE CPERATCRS,
66
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------RETAIL TRACE ---------------------------

S footnotes at en of tables
ee
d




431
303
128
33
56

37.5 l l l . C C

$
1C7. j 0

39.5
4C.C
38.5
39.0
39.0

187.50
190.C
O
146.00
2C5.00
127.5C

178.0C
185.5C
16C.CC
2C7.5C
132.CC

$

$

155.50-199.CC
173.5C-199.5C
125.C0-197.5C
197.CC-227.0C
12C.50-135.C
C

-

_
-

**
3
3
“

8

5

1

2

2

3
3

16
3
13

27
4
23

32
8
24

18
12
6

25
20
5

3

9

16

20

2

20
14
6
1
i

24

3
1

4

2

3
3

-

-

-

-

13
T a b le A -1 a . O f f ic e o c c u p a tio n s —la rg e e s ta b lis h m e n ts : W e e k ly e a r n in g s ----- C o n tin u e d

ee
d
S footnotes at en of tables.




14
T a b le A -1 a . O f fic e o c c u p a tio n s —la rg e e s ta b lis h m e n ts : W e e k ly e a r n in g s — -C o n tin u e d
7)
(Average straight-time w
eekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations in establishm
ents em
ploying 500 workers or m by industry division, Pittsburgh, Pa, January 19 3
ore
“1
Num
ber
of

Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—

$

<

I

$

S

$

M
ean

Median 2

Middle ranged

120

*

130

$

$

140

I

150

*
16C

tT ,
Under 70
(
and
70
under

80

90 ICO

110

—

—

—

________ BO

o .upation and industry divis
'

weekly
hours*
[standard)

90

ICC n o

120

130

140

150

160

170

-

»

1 TO
—

*
—

160

*

160 190

1
200

—

*
210

I
220

—

190 6 00

—

—

210

220

230

*

$

230 240
—

I

250 260

—

—

240 2 50

and

260 over

MEN AND WOMEN COMBINEDCONTINUED
SECRETARIES - CONTINUED
SECRETARIES. CLASS E -----MANUFACTURING ------------NCNNANUFACTORING ---------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------

482
365
117
62

$
$
$
lea.oo 1 5 9 . 0 C - 1 9 5 . 5 0

-

176.00 1 5 7 .5 0 -1 8 9 .5 0
1 9 3 . 5C 1 6 3 . 5 0 - 2 1 9 . 5C
2 1 7 . CO 1 9 7 . 5 C - 2 3 4 . 5 C

-

39.0
39.5
38.5
39.0

177.50
1 7 3 . CC
1 9 2 . CC
215.50

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.5
40.0
36.5
4 0.C

157.00
1 5 5 . CO
159.50
179.00
1 2 4 . 5C
1 4 6 . 5C
162.50

159.00
157.00
163.00
177.50
120.50
1 4 6 . CC
166.50

1 40 .50-171.00
140.0C-17C.CC
1 4 3 . C O - 1 7 3 . 50
1 61.50-195.50
112 .5C -14 0 .5 C
1 3 2 . 5 0 - 1 6 5 . CC
1 5 8 . 5 0 - 1 6 9 . CC

SECRETARIES. CLASS C ----MANUFACTURING -----------NLNMANUFACTURING --------PUELIC UT I L I T I E S -----RETAIL TRACE ----------FINANCE ----------------SERVICES ----------------

1, C60

SECRETARIES, CLASS C
MANUFACTURING -----NCNMANUFACTURING --PUBLIC UTILITIES -

1 ,0 4 9
564
485
1C9

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.5

1 4 4 . 5C
1 5 2 . CC
1 3 6 . 0C
148.50

145.50
1 5 2 . CC
1 3 4 . CC
146.50

131.CC-156.5C
14C.5C-164.C0
123.50 -1 47 .00
127.C0-17C.CC

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL
MANUFACTURING -----NCNMANUFACTURING --PUBLIC UTILITIES -

1,OOC
52}
479

127.CC
129.00
124.50
1 4 1 . CC
1 0 9 . CC

1 2 3 . CC
1 3 2 . CC
119.50
128.50
1C9.C0

1 0 8 . 5 0 - 1 4 1 . 5C
1 1 1 . 5 0 - 1 4 5 . 5C
1 0 7 . C 0 - 1 3 0 . 00
1 16 .0C -15 2 .0 C
99.5C -119.5C

578
482
175

66
117

110

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

4
4

-

*

18
17
1

28
21
7

33
28
5

40
32
8

53
38
15
4

61
52
9
3

96
85
11
3

47
34
13
11

51
43
8
6

18
7
11
7

7
1
6
6

1C
1C
1C

5
5
5

2
1
1
1

7
1
6
6

-

3

14
11

76
54
22
9
12

1C3
60
43
6
8
29

122
85
37
9
9
15
3

166
93
73
24
6
13
29

234
112
122
33
1
20
62

134
82
52
22

71
36
35
30

36
15
21
20

20
7
13
13

1C
10
1C

2
2
2

7
2
4
4

2
2
2

-

_
-

1C
1

60
28
32
21
1C

14
14

3
1
-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

3

-

-

2

-

1
1

6
2
4

30
1
29

91
26
65
11

114
24
90
20

197
83
114
18

207
11C
97
8

187
152
35
8

95
76
19
17

e3
56
27
22

22
20
2
2

7
6
i
i

8
6
2
2

1
1
-

31
14
17
17

75
43
32
8
22

171
56
115
23
46

166
92
74
33
35

161
43
118
51
28

126
95
31
20
9

115
88
27
22
1

73
67
6
4

25
17
e
6

8
4
4
3

7
2
5
4

6

2

28

_

28
28

-

4
4

29
13
26

1C 3
30
73

150
86
64
7

122
73
49
13

151
96
55
22

94
59
35
22

79
56
23
11

66
51
15
9

31
31
-

i
i

1
7

6
6

8
4
4
“

19
10
9
3

20
13
7
l

20
6
14
11

29
16
13
12

6
4
2
2

2
2

16
16

29
29

17
17
4
4

6
3
1

14
11
9

17
-

3

_

_

3

3

-

-

_

16C

39.0
4C.0
38.5
39.0
37.0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENICR
MANUFACTURING ----NCNMANUFACTURING —
PUELIC UTILITIES

849
502
347
87

38.5
39.0
38.5
38.5

1 3 1 . 5 0 13C.5C
137.00 135.00
1 2 4 . 0C 122 . OC
1 4 2 . 5C 1 4 0 . 5 0

1 1 4 . 5 0 - 1 4 5 . 5C
1 19.5C -154.C 0
1 07.5C -138.5C
1 3 1 . 0 0 - 1 5 5 . CC

SWITCHECARC CPERATGPS, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING -----------------NC NMANUFACTURING -------------PUELIC UTILITIES ------------

123
71
52
3C

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.0

139.00
136.00
1 4 3 . CC
1 4 9 . CC

140.50
137.50
145.50
150.50

126.50 -1 55 .00
1 2 C . C C -1 5 6 . 5 C
1 3 C . 0 0 - 1 5 3 . OC
1 4 3 . C O - 1 5 5 . 50

SWITCHECARC UpfRATORS, CLASS B ---NCNMANUFACILRING ----------------PUELIC LT I L I T I E S --------------RETAIL TRACE --------------------

155
129
45

39.5
39.5
39.0
40.0

1 3 1 . 5C
126.50
1 5 7 . 5C
1 0 6 . CC

1 2 1 . CC 1 0 7 . 5 C - 1 5 6 . 5 C
1 1 7 , 0 0 1 0 5 . 5 0 - 1 4 1 . CO
185.00 1 2 6 .0 0 -1 8 8 .0 0
1C5.5C
9 8 . C C - 111.00

-

-

-

-

1

14

27

28
28
9
9

39.5

125.00

122.00 H 1 . C C - 1 4 6 . C C

-

-

4

2

8

15

11

9

6

5

5

-

1

-

-

2

4

10

2

5

i

2

21

5

2

1

83.5C -128.5C

-

12

25

6

6

9

5

18

106.00-14C .00
103.00 -1 37 .50
109.CC-143.5C
1 2 3 . 5 0 - 1 5 8 . 5C

-

1
1

2
2

48
35
13

37
21
16

36
15
21
12

65
54
11
10

32
19
13
12

46
34
12
12

7
1
6
6

7
5
2
2

1

-

-

-

-

12

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

12
12

-

*

38
19
19
5

28
18
10
1

28
24
4

21
21
*

10
8
2

3
2
1

1
1
•

-------------

66

^

TABU!ATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS F ------------------------------

60

141.00

151.50

THAN SCR IE ING-MAChINE CPEP.ATCRS,
GENERAL ------------------------------

81

4 0 . C 1C3.0C

95.00

TYPISTS, CLASS A -------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC LT I L I T I E S ---------------

29«
186
108
67

39.5
40.0
38.0
39.5

126.50 123.50
1 2 2 . CC 1 2 4 . 0 0
1 2 3 . 5 0 122.00
1 5 0 . 5 0 1 4 0 . OC

TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------FINANCE -------------------------

431
174
257
185

38.0
4C.C
37.0
36.5

104.50
116.00
96.50
90.50

o

i
SWITCHECARC CPERAT0R-RECEPT1CNISTS- i

*
o

FINANCE

210

______

S footnotes at en of tables
ee
d




98.50
114.50
92.50
8 9 . CO

104.50 -1 59 .00

8 8.00-117.50
9 6 . 5 0 - 1 3 3 . 5C
86.00-1C 4.5C
8 4 . 5 0 - 9 5 . OC

3
-

3
2

”

-

_

_

:

-

•
X
-

1
-

_

20
-

20
16

115
26
89
88

94
26
68
55

70
29
41
20

-

6
6

2
2

8
7
1
1

_

2

-

-

-

-

*

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
3
3
1

-

1
1

_
-

-

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

22
22
22

1
3
1

_

”

_

-

*

_

-

-

“

-

2

i

1

1

.

“
2
2

“

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

”

15
T a b le A - 2 . P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k ly e a rn in g s
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1973)
W eekly earnings *
(standard)
Number
of
workers

N u m ber of w o rk ers

r e c e iv in g

s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—

t

$

A verage
w eekly

HEN AND W M
O EN COMBINED

(standard

M™'

M edian

l

M iddle ranged

t

i

t

Under
$
and
100 under

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTUR1NG ----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------

145
66
79

$
$
38.5 178.50 18l.CC 161.50-193.CC
39.0 186.C l e s . o c 18C.50-201.CC
O
38.5 172.CC 171.00 158.50-185.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------------FINANCE -----------------------------------

266
124
142
29
52

39.0
39.5
39. G
39.0
37.5

135.5C-171.5C
141.00-175.CC
128.50-168.50
157.5C-186.CC
126.5C-162.00

.
-

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C ----------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------

111
75

39.C 132.50 129.5C 112.C0-150.50
39.0 13G.00 127.50 108.50-146.5C

COMPUTER PRCGPAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------

136
79
57

38.5 240.00 238.00 212.5C-274.5C
38.5 251.0C 241.50 224.00-283.00
38.5 224.50 227.50 172.50-259.5C

COMPUTER PRCGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------

227
12C
107

38.5 198.00 198.00 174.00-217.00
39.0 2C3.CC 199.5C 192.C0-217.CC
38.5 192.5C 184.50 164.50-218.50

152.C
C
156.0C
149.00
169.50
143.50

148.00
156.5C
143.50
172.00
1 33 .5C

COMPUTER PRCGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C ------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------

103
67
189
14G

39.5 317.50 316.00 278.00-351.50
39.5 328.5C 321.50 296.00-371.00

CCMPL'TER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------

297
212
85
1,156
840
316
3C5

CRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------------SERVICES ---------------------------------CRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------

190

200

210

220

23C

200

210

220

230

240

6
A
2

1
1
“

2
2

2

_

$
$
$
S
S
s
240 25C 26C 27C 2 8C 29C
and

-

“

3

1
1

2
2

9
i
8

20
10
10

20
3
17

33
24
9

16
9
7

17
12
5

18
12
6
3
1

P
i
7
4
2

1
1

-

—

2
—

1
1
-

A

-

3
“

8
1
7
2
2

41
9
32
21

34
17
17
7

52
28
24
3
A

34
19
15
5
5

23
12
11
2
5

10
10

15
11

11
1C

21
13

13
9

13
10

18
A

A
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

13

1

-

-

-

-

-

13

1

5
3
2

H

-

2

A
2
2

_

_

_

”

*

“

2
2

*

4
1
3

13
5
8

32
12
2C

14
5
9

4?
37
5

27
13
14

-

7

250

-

26C

-

27C

280

*
**
t
J

Workers
Workers
Workers
Workers

were
were
were
were

distributed
distributed
distributed
distributed

as
as
as
as

S footnotes at en of tables
ee
d




9
9

"

8
8

8
8

22
11

13
5

9
9

8
8

-

"

-

-

-

-

—

1
1
1

1

1

u
5
6

14
11
3

31
23
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

_

-

-

A

8

-

-

-

-

-

—

-

-

-

_

-

_

14
13
1

11
7
A

12
A
9

7
*
2

-

9
2
7

9
3
6

ii
9
2

e
i
7

c
4
1

2
1
1

5

_

i

_

_

_

2
2

-

2

290 over

-

-

39.5 286.50 282.00 252.50-321.00
39.5 3CC.C0 291.50 264.50-336.00
O
38.5 253.C 251.50 210 .00-2 85 .5C

CRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------

-

39.0 153.00 143.00 131.00-175.0C
38.5 144.00 138.50 12C.00-161.CC

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

180

190

Occupation and industry division

2

1A **19
14
1C
A
5
_

.

-

-

”

5 fl33
t
1C9
32 1 119
2C 1C7

4 0 .C
40.0
4G.0
40.0

232.00
235.00
223.50
223.CO

232.50
236.00
224.00
223.50

208.50-251.00
211.50-254.CC
203.CO-242.5C
203.CO-242.50

932
553
379
67
299

40.0
40.0
39.5
3e.5
40.0

197.50
201.CC
192.5C
227.00
185.00

196.50
2C0.50
le7. 50
226.0C
184.00

177.50-217.0C
182.CC-219.5C
169.50-213.0C
195.00-280.5C
165.50-205.00

—
“

750
5C4
246
191

40.0
4C.C
39.5
4C.0

16C.5C
157.00
167.00
169.CC

159.50
157.00
168.C
C
171.00

144.50-177.50
142.50-174.CC
152.50-181.50
155.50-184.00

9
3
6
6

“

7

7
-

*

7
7

2A
2A
-

13
9
4
-

follows: 3 at $80 to $90; and 7 at $90 to $100.
follows: 6 at $2 90 to $300; 8 at $300 to $320; 2 a t $ 3 2 0 to $ 3 4 0 ; a n d
follows: 17 at $2 90 to $300; 2 6 at $300 to $ 3 2 0 ; 35 at $320 to $ 3 4 0 ;
follows: 14 at $290 to $300; 30 at $300 to $ 3 2 0 ; 2 3 at $ 3 2 0 to $ 3 4 0 ;

7
7

7
—

—

-

-

7

38
31
7
6

at

26
18
8
8

46
A2
A
A

2
A
A

2
3
2
*

*

18
18
18
*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

32
41
27
14
13

25
13
12
12

9
1
8
8

11
1
1C
9

-

105
65
40
6
33

127
62
65
2
62

128
87
41

50
42
8
8

98
76
22
15

153
107
46
27

103
65
38
31

100
51
49
45

76
54
22
11

to

163
116

104
72
32
18
14

98
33
65
6
54

a t $360

ei

1C9
75
34
6
28

28
17
11
11

6

$ 3 8 0 ; 8 a t $380to $ 4 0 0 ;

$ 3 4 0 t o $ 3 6 0 ; 2 1 a t $ 3 6 0 t o $ 3 8 0 ; a n d 14

134

1C2
70
32
2
27

11
3
8
8

3 a t $340 to $ 360.
17 at $ 3 4 0 t o $ 3 6 0 ; 11
17

131
93
38

166
118
48
48

57
25
32
32

a t $380

and

to $ 4 0 0 .

19

at

$400 a n d o v e r .

109

88
2
1
2
1
6

16
T a b le A - 2 . P ro fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k ly e a r n in g s ---- C o n tin u e d
(Average straight-time w
eekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1973)
W eekly earnings 1
(standard)

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
i

A verage
w eekly

r

t

$

Under 10C l i e
$
and
100 under
-

(standard)

120

_______ 110

_ u p & *io n a n d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

130

120

-

140

%
140

*

-

130

-

150

150

$

$

160
-

160

<

170

t

18C

-

170

180

*

190
-

190

»

*

»

$

<

s

$

i

210

220

230

240

25C

26C

270

280

290

220

200

t

23C

24C

250

260

27C

280

290

over

200

and

210

HEN AND WOMEN CO MBINED—
CONTINUED

$

$

CRAFTSMEN-TRACERS --------------------------MANUFACTUR I N G ----------------------------NCN’M
ANUFACTUR I N G ------------------------

174
77

39.
40.
39..

ELECTPCMCS TECHNICIANS----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NGNMANUFACTURING ------------------------

463
159
304

235.00 232.00 208 .5040.
40.0 200.50 202.50 189.504C.0 253.CC 269.0C 232.00-

276.00
215.50
277.50

13
9
4

17
12
5

ELECTPCMCS TECHNICIANS, CLASS ANCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------

341
270

40.0 247.50 26C.CC 222.0C-277.CC
277.50
257.CC 275 .5C 234.00-

4
4

5
5

270
244

40.0 173.50 175.00 158.504C.0 173.50 174.50 158 .50-

35
32

31
25

fo o tn o te s

at

end

4
4

189.50
189.50

2
2

-

9

188.5C-222.CC

ELECTPCMCS TECHNICIANS, CLASS BNURSES, INCUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ---MANUFACTUR I N G -----------------------------

132.CC 130.50 121.50- 145.00
134.C' 13C.0C 122.CO-150.00
O
13C.CC 131.00 121.5C-144.CC

-

-

-

20
17
3

41
33
8

26
23
3

56
40
16

3C
16
14

61
3
58

19
3
16

7

23

7

22

147

3
3

17
5

7
1

43
8

26
14

40
37

19
16

7
7

23
23

147
147

8

4

4
3

-

17

21

57
55

47
46

11
10
8

-

-

l
1

-

-

o f ta b le s.

T a b le A -2 a . P ro fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o ccu p atio n s —large establishm ents!: W e e k ly earnings
(Average straight- time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations in establishments employing 500 workers

S footnotes at end of tables.
ee




-

147

19
4

1

-

m o r e by industry division, Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1973)

-

-

17
T a b le A - 2 a . P r o fe s s io n a l an d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —la rg e e s ta b lis h m e n ts : W e e k ly e a r n in g s ----- C o n tin u e d
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations in establishm
ents em
ploying 500 workers or m by industry division, Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1973)
ore
W eekly earnings 1

Occupation and industry division

A verage
w eekly
hours1
(standard

Num ber
of

-------$
----- 1
M ean ^

M edian

l

M iddle ranged

ICO 110
Under
S
and _
100 under
_______ l i e 120

»

120

*

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
130 140 150 160 170 180 190
200 210 220 230 240

—

_

—

130

140

150

—

—

—

-

—

—

—

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

18
4

4
2

-

“

*

4
4

-

1
1

1

1
1

5

7

4

2
2

10

3

13
4
9

14
5
9

10
5

22
13
9

19
11
8

i

_

3

«

250

*

26C

*

270

*

280

—

*

290

—

—

and

250

260

i
i

-

*

-

•

*

-

12
10

14
13

10
7

4
4

7

2
*

14
10

19
*14

9

9

11

7

5

2
7

3
6

9

1
6

4
1

8
6

,
3

15
9

270

280

290 over

M
EN AND W EN COMBINEDOM
CONTINUED
COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C ----------NCNPAKUFAC TURING------------------------

89
53

$
$
$
$
39.0 136.CC 134.50 113.50-152.50
39.0 135.CC 132.50 110.50-149.50

COMPUTER PROGRAPERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

108
78

38.5 249.50 243.00 221.CO-283.CC
38.5 251.5C 242.50 225.00-283.0C

COMPUTER PRCGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

149
66
83

38.5 203.00 203.00 178.00-226.5C
39.0 210.00 2C8.00 19C.0C-236.0C
38.0 197.50 195.00 170.CO-222.50

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A -------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

161
132

39.5 317.00 312.50 278.50-352.50
39.5 325.50 318.50 295.00-359.50

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

273
21C
63

39.5 288.50 280.00 253.00-326.50
39.5 299.50 290.50 264.00-336.00
38.5 251.00 250.00 215.C0-27C.CC

CRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

655
622

40.0 239.50 241.50 22C.0C-259.CC
40.0 239.50 241.50 219.50-259.50

CRAFTSMEN, CLASS B -------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------------

598
497
101
67

40.0
40.0
39.0
38.5

CRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------

4 54
355
99

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS --------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------

6
6

11
10

_

-

11
7

9
i

_

—

—

12
8

12
9

_

_

*

~

2
1
1

9
1
8

1

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

“

“

40.0 166.50 165.50 152.5C-179.0C
4C.0 165.50 164.00 151.50-179.50
39.0 168.50 172.CC 154.00-178.50

_

*

-

111
53
58

39.0 139.00 141.50 127.50-148.50
40.0 141.00 139.C 127.50-153.00
O
38.0 137.00 142.50 126.00-146.50

-

2
1
1

3
1
2

ELECTRON ICS TECHNICIANS----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------------

278
154
124
92

40.0
40.0
40.0
4 0 .C

-

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS, CLASS ANONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------------

18C
1C9
88

40.0 223.50 224.00 212.00-234.CC
40.0 230.50 232.CC 22C.50-243.CC
40.0 236.CC 232.50 223.00-265.50

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS, CLASS B-

65

40.0 196.50 196.00 186.CC-208.C0

-

-

-

-

244
219

40.0 175.00 1EC.CC 159.50-191.CC
4C.C 175.00 180.50 160.OC-191.CC

-

.

-

2

2
1

*
Workers were distributed as follows:
** Workers were distributed as follows:
t
Workers were distributed as follows:

S footnotes at end of tables.
ee




3

at

$ 290

to

214.00
2C3.5C
231.50
232.50

$ 300;

17 at $ 290 to $ 300;
14 at $ 290 to $ 300;

185.50-225.5C
185.0C-223.CC
192.0C-229.CC
195.0C-28C.5C

-

-

to

$ 320;

5

4

16
1C
6

12
7
5

35
23
12

25
21

3

4

21
17
4

56

70
62

69
69

119
107

71
70

7C
66

79
77

3

78
67
11
2

86
75
11
6

93
72
21
18

18
18
-

42
42

2
2

3
3
3

-

18

~

18
18

29
27
2

6
6
“

i
i
-

3
1
2

_
*

-

*

•

56

30
16
14
13

42
3
39
39

12
3
9
“

-

23

40
16
8
43
8
8

26
14
13

40
37
37

12
9
-

_
-

22
22
23

-

1

8
8

28
26

70
70

57

69
62
7
2

80
67
13
6

65
51
14

i

21 m s
20 105
10
1
3

6

10
10
*

70
61
9

109
85
24

67
56
11

87
51
36

33
19
14

12
7

41
6
35

14
13
1

4
4

3
3
”

13
9
4
i

17
12
5
1

15
12
3
1

41
33
8
5

26
23
3
1

-

4
4
i

5

5
1

3
3
1

17
5
3

7
1
1

-

9

12

21

11

8

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

35
32

23
18

57
55

47
46

10
8

1
1

4
i

-

4
3

-

-

-

-

9
6

_

2
2

5

-

_

-

*

-

*

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

“

*

and

-

-

*

*

$340;

12
4
8

7
6
1

-

to

5
5

58
48
10
6

-

$ 320

i
i

31
24

*

at

5**113
101

5

10
10
-

-

2

5

4

_
*

3
3
*

7

_

-

5

1
1

7
-

-

*

194.50-231.00
19C.50-216.00
214.00-241.CC
222.50-259.00

6 at $ 3 0 0

-

-

-

NURSES, INCUSTP 1AL I REG ISTEREL'1 ---MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

213.00
201.00
228.00
235.00

2

5

2
3

1
1

-

2C6.50
206.00
212.CC
226.00

5

4

-

206.00
203.50
217.50
227.C
O

18
6
12

5

3

at

26
23

$340

33
31

to

7

“

$360.

25at $ 300 to $ 320; 24 at $ 320 to $ 340; 15 at $ 340 to $ 360; 7 at $ 360 to $ 380; 8 at $ 380 to $ 400; and 17 at $ 400 and ove
26at $ 300 to $ 320; 23 at $ 320 to $ 340; 17 at $ 340 to $ 360; 21 at $ 360 to $ 380; and 14 at $ 380 to $ 400.

23
23

-

-

-

“

-

-

_

“
*

*

“

-

-

18
T a b l e A - 3 . O f f ic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, a n d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s : A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s , b y s e x
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Pittsburgh, Pa. , January 1973)
|
A v e rage

A ve rage

. ■ occupation, and industry division
■

am ber
of

W eekly
hours 1
(standard )

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - M
EN
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------WHOLESALE TRACE -----------------------

310
194
116
54

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.5

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMANUFACTORING ------------------------

186
103
83

39.0
39.5
3 9 .C

CLERKS, ORDER ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

223
185

4C.C
40.0

CLERKS, PAYROLL ------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

140
111

40.0
4C.0

MESSENGERS (OFFICE BCYS1 ---------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------------

16 6
92
76
32

39.5
4C.C
39.0
39.C

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - W M
O EN
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE! ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard )

8C
53

39.5 131.50
39.5 1 13 .5C

------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

68
5C

38*5 104.50
39.0 100.50

W eekly
e arn in gs1
(standard )

263
94
169
93

39.0
39.5
38.5
37.5

$
103.00
11C.CO
99.CC
9 1 . 5C

362
319
14C

39.0
39.C
38.0

86.00
8 4 . 5C
83.50

299
90
209
1C7

102

39.5
38.5
40.0
40.0
40.0

116.5C
134.CC
109.C0 1
112.50
1C5.5C

350
203
147
39
53

39.0
39.5
38.5
39.5
38.5

136.CO
1 31 .5C
142.50
183.50
120.50

KEYPUNCH CPERATCRS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ----------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------FINANCE ------------------------

896
468
428
92
161

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.5
37.5

678
243
435
71
116
99
87
62

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.5
39.5
4C.0
38.0
39.0

190
158
76

38.5
38.0
37.0

132.50
141.CO
12 3. 5C
163.5C
114.50 STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------1C8.CC
PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------------11 5. 5C
FINANCE -----------------------------------103.50
SERVICES ---------------------------------133.5C
91.O
C
9 8 . 5C STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------96.CC
NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------112.CC
PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------------WHOLESALE TRACE ----------------------94.CC
FINANCE -----------------------------------92.O
C
SERVICES ----------------------------------89.00

4,026
2,213
1,813
451
199
143
506
514

39.0
39.5
38.5
39.0
39.5
40.0
37.5
39.0

154.50
159.O
C
145.5C
170.CC
159.50
130.5C
135.00
147.00

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------------------------

72

BCCKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS e -----------------------------------------—
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NCNMANUFAC TURING------------------------

208
73
135

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING ----------- -----------------NCNMANUFACTUR1NG -----------------------WHOLESALE TRACE ---------------------RETAIL TRACE ---------------------------FINANCE ------------------------------------

596
2C6
390
133
76
91

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMAf.UF AC TUP I N G -----------------------PUELIC UTILITIES --------------------WHOLESALE TRACE ----------------------RETAIL TRACE ---------------------------FINANCE -----------------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------

968
252
716
42
215
282
57
120

KEYPUNCH CPERATCRS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -----------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------38.0 147.5C
PUBLIC UTILITIES --------WHOLESALE TRACE ----------RETAIL TRACE ---------------38.5 l 10.50
FINANCE -----------------------38.5 114.C
C
SERVICES ---------------------38.5 IC9.CC
MESSENGERS (OFFICE GIRLS)
3e.5 144.50
NCNMANUFACTURING --------39.5 161.5C
FINANCE -------------------38.5 135.5C
39.0 126.5C SECRETARIES ----------------39.0 12 7. 5C
MANUFACTURING --------38.0 121.CC
NCNMANUFACTURING ---PUBLIC UTILITIES 39.0 117.C
O
WHOLESALE TRACE —
39.5 132.CC
RETAIL TRACE ------38.5 112.CC
FINANCE ---------------39.5 154.50
SERVICES -------------39.5 117.CC
39.0 106.50
SECRETARIES, CLASS A
37.0 114.CC
MANUFACTURING --------37.5 1C0.CC
NCNMANUFACTURING ----

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A --------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

107
54
53

38.5 12 8. 5C
38.5 149.50
38.0 1C6.5C

S footnote at en of tables
ee
d




Sex, occupation, and industry division

W eekly
hours 1
(standard )

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
W M — CONTINUED
O EN
187.5C
193.CC CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B
179.O
C
MANUFACTURING ------1 83 .5C
NCNMANUFACTLRING —
FINANCE -------------161.5C
162.CC CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C
161.CC
NCNMANU FACTOR ING —
FINANCE -------------161.CC
163.5C CLERKS, CRCER -----------MANUFACTURING ------162.CO
NCNMANUFACTURING —
161.5C
WHOLESALE TRACE RETAIL TRACE -----112.O
C
109 .5C CLERKS, PAYRCLL --------114.50
MANUFACTURING ------153.CC
NCNMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES
RETAIL TRADE ------

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

W eekly
|standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS W EN— CONTINUED
OM

281

201
80

38.5 184.50
38.5 187.00
38.0 178.50

SECRETARIES - CONTINUED
SECRETARIES, CLASS B ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------------WHOLESALE TRACE ----------------------FINANCE -----------------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------

757
459
298
78
60
75
67

39.0
39.5
38.5
3 9 .C
38.5
37.5
38.5

164.50
168.5C
158.G
C
198.5C
153.5C
136.00
137.

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------------WHCLESALE TRACE----------------------RETAIL TRACE ---------------------------FINANCE -----------------------------------SERVICES -----------------------------------

1,383
677
7C6
186
74
67
160
219

39. C
39.5
38.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
36.5
39.0

156.5C
155.CC
157 .5C
177.5C
178.5C
124.5C
148.5C
15C.5C

SECRETARIES. CLASS 0 ------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------------FINANCE ------------------------------------

1,412
716
696
174
251

39.0
39.0
39.0
39.0
38.0

14C.CC
148.5C
131.5C
145.CC
122.SC

1,417
724
693
227
189
2C7

38.5
39.5
3 8 .C
38.5
37.5
36.5

121.5
C
14C.0C
1C6.5C
114.CC

1,242
638
6C4
87

38.5
36.5
38.5
38.5
39.5
37.5
39.5

121.O
C
136.5C
125.CC
142.5C
128.5C
114.5C
131.5C

39.0
39.0
39.0
39.0

138.
133.5C
143.CC
15C.5C

SWITCHECARC CPERATCRS, CLASS A -----MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------------

180

2C4
99

7e
33

215
NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUELIC L II LIT 1E S --------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------NCNMANUFACTURING -----PUBLIC UTILITIES —
WHOLESALE TRADE ---FINANCE ------

18C
45
56
396
143
253
31

102
54

123.CC

120.00

39.5 125.5C
39.5 121.00
39.0 157.5C
4C.0 1C6.C0
38.5
39.0
38.5
37.5
39.5
38.0

CO

108.5C
108.O
C
108.5C
125.00
lll.C C

101.00

CC

T a b le A -3 .

O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s : A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s , by s e x -----C o n t i n u e d

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Pittsburgh, Pa. , January 1973)
A v e rage

A ve rage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

N um ber

of

W eekly

w oikers
(standard)

W eekly
earnings *
(standard )

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS W EN— CONTINUED
OM

Sex, occupation, and industry division

N um ber

of

W eekly

w orkers
(standard )

W eekly
earnings *
(standard )

119

J

101
67

$
39.5 105.50

N um ber

of

W eekly

workers
standard)

38.5

$

924

103.00

1Q?
66
91
61
814
296
47
106
294

« _.
Ir

inn
no
98

38.5
38.0
38.5

38.5 252.0C

9 8 .5C

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,

MANUFACTURING

133.5C

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS — — — — —
—
182
133

39.5 318.CC
39.5

284
202
82
38.5 17 8. CO
39.0 186.00 COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
38.5 172.00

NCNNANUFACTLRING — — — — — — — —
—— ——
——

39 c '*07 "0
39.5 301.00
38.5 254 .CC

131

39.0 264.0C

1C5

39.5 153.00

5C*0 223*00

253.0C

341
270

40.0 247.50
40.0 257.0C

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS, CLASS B-

89

40.0 203.50

2AI

40 0 173 5C
4010 173.CC

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - W M
O EN

40.0 235.CC

39.0 169.5C

3C4

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS, CLASS A-

*27




73

15 2 . CC
^93*00
36.5 106.50
40.0
89 .CO COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
37.0
90.00

1jPCN| t Lr v O W

See footnote at end of tables.

7? *2 157.CC

2C4.0C

CCRPLTEfi SYSTEMS ANALYSTS*

142
64

LKmt 1jP tn f vL r J J v
503

S

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - M
EN

MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

74
56

197.50
20 1. CC
30.5 229.00
40.0 185.0C

jtK vlL tj

( _(

W eekly
e arn in gs1
(standard )

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED
208

A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

20
T a b l e A - 3 a . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s - —l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s :
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s , by sex
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations in establishments employing 500 workers or more by industry division, Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1973)
—

A v e rage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

N um ber
of
workers

W eekly
[standard)

W eekly
e a r n in g s1
(standard )

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - M
EN

Sex, occupation; and industry division

W eekly
(standard )

W eekly
earnings *
(standard )

39.5 192.0C
4C.0 193.CC
38.0 187.50

80
52

60.0 166.00
39.0 167.50

1C5
95

60.0 182.50
40.0 185.50

111
97

40.0 170.CO
40.0 165.50

107
51
56

39.5
40.0
39.0
39»0

Sex, occupation, and industry division

N um ber
of
w orkers

W eekly
standard)

W eekly
e arn in gs1
(standard)

66

39.5

125.00

81

40.0 103.00

289
107
66

39.5 126.0C
121.50
38.0 133.50
39.5 151.00

164
257
185

103.50
40.0 115.00
96.50
90.50

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS W EN— CONTINUED
OM

OFF ICE OCCUPATIONS W EN— CONTINUED
OM
227
176
51

A v e rag e

A v e rage

N um ber
of
workers

$
113.00

1n

m n 119.00
.

81
54

i

39.5 1C2.00
98.00
3 7.5

SW1TCHECARC OPERATOR” RECEPTIONISTS”
TRANSCRI6ING-MACHINE CPERATCRS,

........................

HANLf ^CTUR ING

—

————————
—
—
———

HAhiLF ACT UR 1NG — — — — — — — — —
———— ————

139
113

38.5
38.0

1*756
1,110
357
134
316

39.5
39.0
39.5
40.0
37.0

161.50
154.CO
177.50
130.50
142.

151
123

30 '

TTP 10 S t C LA 55 A

98.CC
96.50

61

CLERKS* CR G R
E

39.0

PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------------NCNhAMUFAC fUR ING — — — — — — —
—
————

122.CC
114.00
129.50
153.00

_

209 .CO
208.00

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - W M
O EN

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - M
EN

j Ct KCV K I L wy t tM uJ t
m
CLASS E

n

(id

172150

,

2C4
127
77
4 88

31 5 124.50

168
320
235

40.0 139.00
39.0 116.50
154.CC
39T 0 109.00

64

38.0 144.00

rv t i l l . V 1 lL.il 1LJ

162.CC
40.0 174.50
141.50
39.0 132.00

5
39.5
37.5
37.0

ng
78
61

J

CLERKS t CRCER
111
102
215
53

J

104.CC
l i e . 50
97.50
93.50

SECRETARIE$ « CLASS C
NCNKANUFACTLRIhC — — — — — — — —
———
—

„

-ANtiFAC TLiR INC — — — *•— — — — — —
———
—
——
NCNHANUFAC TLRIMG

Nt.NPAMJFAuTLR 1NG ————————— ————
P u e u c U T I L I T I E S ---------------------

36.5 146.50
40.0 162.50

1,049
564
485
109
994
518
476
207

87.00

40.0
40.0 108.CO
40.0 105.50
135.50
40.0 136.00
^ !!*c
3B.5

148




166
78

39.0 159.00
39.5 178.50

117
110

SERVICES
. . . . . . . . . . .

481
174

. . .

159.0C
138.50

COMPUTER PRGGRAMERS,

39.5 152.00
39.0 136.00
39.5 148.50

39.0
40.0
38.5
39.0
37.0

COMPUTER PRCGPAMERS,
126.50
129.00
124.00
140.CC
1-9.0C CCMPUTEP SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,

1C .

38.5
137.00
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
SWITCF6CARC CPERATuRSt CLASS A

——

12C • -«C
30

7"0
436
316

See footnote at end of tables.

38.5 179.00
19C.00

31 "

'0
40.0 143.CC
38.5 125.00
157 . 5C
37.5 115.0C

39.0 149.00

621

40.0 239.50

\1\

40 0
40.0 203.50

31 5 13'

5 WIT C1 ECARC CPCh m i Ch S i

____ _ _

CLASS 0
129

39.5 126.50

56

40.0 106.00

T a b l e A - 3 a . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s :
A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s , by s e x -----C o n t i n u e d
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations in establishments employing 500 workers or more by industry division, Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1973)
A ve rage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

N um ber
of
workers

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED
CRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NON MANUFACTURING-----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------------------------CRAFTSMEN-TRACERS

----------------------------------------

See footnote at end of tables.




444
354
90
40
71

40.0
40.0
39.0
38.0

W eekly
e arn in g s1
(standard )

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - M
EN— CONTINUED
$
166 .5C ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS -------------------------16 5. 5C
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------169.CC
NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------165.5C
PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------------------------

39.5 14C.CC

A ve rage

A v e rage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS, CLASS ANCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------------------------

N um ber
of

W eekly
hours *
(standard )

W eekly
earnings *
(standard )

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num ber
of
w orkers

W eekly
standard)

W eekly
e arn in g s1
(standard )

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED
278
154
124
92
18C
109
88

$
21 3. 0C ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS - CCNTINUEC
20 1. O
C
ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS, CLASS B228.CO
235.00
PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - W M
O EN
40.0 223.50
40.0 23 0. 5C NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED! -----40.0 236.0C
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

65

$
40.0 196.50

241
216

40.0 175.CC
4C.0 175.CC

T a b le A -4 .

M a in te n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a tio n s :

H o u r ly e a rn in g s

(Average straight-time hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Pittsburgh, Pa. , January 1973)
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly e arn in gs3

t

2

M edian ^

M iddle range

2

i

t

$

i

3.40 3.5C 3.6C

i

i

5

r
5.CO

>.60

3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00 4.10

C
D

M ean

t

Under 3.20 3.30

o

Occupation and industry division

N um ber
of
workers

4.80

5.00

5.20

79
29
50

43
43
-

151
105
46
44

124
ICO
24
22

134
132
2

296
281
15
2

493
463
30
8

315
263
52

e7
49
38
3

30
22
8
-

119
AA
75
AA

9
9
-

81
8
73

8

-

54
50
A
3
*

A

>.40 4 . 6 0

5.20

5.40

5.60

5.8C

6.CC

6.20

5.40

5.6C

5.80

6 . CO

6.20

6.40

5

83
82
1

7
7
7

-

-

91
54
37
26

27
14
13
13

96
96
2
2

73
52
21
21

8

$
and
3.20 under

and

-

3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.60 3.90 4.00 4.10 4.20

6.4C

over

M
EN AND W EN COMBINED
OM
CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------PUELIC UTILITIES ----------------

625
429
196
83

$
5.09
4.88
5.54
4.94

$
4.89
4.89
4.87
4.88

$
4. 5 9 4. 7 0 4 .5 6 4 .8 3 -

$
5.16
5.08
5.7C
5.15

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ---------MANUFACTURING -------------------------

2,042
1,830
212
146

5.00
4.96
5.37
5.39

5.04
5.02
5.27
5.40

4 .6 3 4 .6 0 5.0 45. 2 3-

5.28
5.23
5.49
5.61

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------RETAIL TRACE ----------------------SERVICES ------------------------------

556
307
249
58
52

5.00
4.91
5.12
5.27
4.72

5.01
4.73
5.05
5.05
4*68

4.534. 4 2 4. 7 6 5.0 24 .1 5 -

5.31
5.2C
5.63
5.08
5.49

FIREMEN, STATICNARY BCILER -------MANUFACTURING -------------------------

271
271

4.34
4.34

4.41
4.41

3. 9 6- 4.52
3.9 6- 4.52

HELPERS, MAIM ENANCE TRADES------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------PUELIC UTILITIES -----------------

1,71C
1,574
136
136

4.20
4.17
4.52
4.52

4.18
4.15
4.42
4.42

4 .0 1 4 . Cl4. 1 8 A . 18-

8
6

M
ACH INE-TCCL CPERATCRS, TCCLR00M
MANUFACTURING -------------------------

561
561

4.90
4.9G

4.85
4.85

4. 3 3 - 5.42
4 .3 3 - 5.42

-

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE ------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------

2,249
2,167

5.28
5.28

5.22
5.20

5. 0 4- 5.82
5.0 4- 5.82

MECHANICS, AUTCMCTIVE
(MAINTENANCE! ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------PUELIC UTILITIES -----------------

9A9
389
56C
523

5.46
5.33
5.55
5.61

5.54
5.42
5.93
5.94

4. 9 6 4 .9 5 4. 9 6 5. 1 4-

2,727
2,629
98

4.90
4.89
5.25

4.95
4.94
5.37

4 . 5 9 - 5.17
4 .5 9 - 5.13
5. 3 1- 5.44

------------------------------------------------

1,511
1,511

5.21
5.21

5.19
5.19

5. 0 5- 5.52
5. 0 5 - 5.52

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE ----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------PUELIC UTILITIES -----------------

294
2CS
86
29

4.83
4.79
4.92
5.00

4.83
4.80
5 . Cl
4.93

4. 4 8 4. 4 9 4.254 .8 2 -

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------

1,169
1,125

4.87
4.87

4.88
4.87

4. 5 8 - 5.08
4 .5 8 - 5.07

SHEET-METAL NCRKERS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING -------------------------

121
86

4.96
4.90

5.03
4.98

4 .6 5 - 5.27
4 .5 6 - 5.22

TOOL

757
757

5.38
5.38

5.31
5.31

4 .7 4 - 6.22
4 .7 4 - 6.22

N C N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

--------------------------------------

PUBLIC UTILITIES ----------------

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE --------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G

------------------------------------------------

NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------MILLWRIGHTS ---------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G

ANC

C IE

MAKERS

--------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING -------------------------

;re distributed as follows:

See footnotes at end of table:




4.3C
4.2e
4.48
A .*8

5.97
5.56
6.11
6.12

5.09
5.11
5.08
5.45

4
-

1
-

-

4

:

24
13

27
27

11

1

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

1

1

“

1

1

-

-

1

-

*

-

-

20
20

8
8

12
12

ICC
ICO

12
12

5
5

A
4

-

_

-

-

*

-

34
34

12
12

90
90

222
222

390
372
18
18

122
101
21
21

455
436
19
19

182
126
56
56

145
144
l
1

23
23
-

-

_

-

-

3
3
3

16
16

30
30

30
30

23
23

30
30

97
97

37
37

80
80

22
23

16
16

-

45
45

110

85

1C1

8?

ee
88

61
59

666
664

278
226

138
135

54
50

586
585

10
2
8

23

130
6A
66
58

67
35
32
32

31
30
1
1

149
138
11
6

49
49
48

194
6A
13C
13 C

134
134

15
14
1

8
6
-

26
26

-

"

7

28

9

57
57

*

-

13

-

4
4

-

-

_

-

-

4
4

*

-

-

-

-

49

-

-

_

_

46
46
33
33

_

_

-

-

11

27
4
19

47
45
2

-

e
-

-

12

-

*

-

ie
le

_

2
2

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

51

~

-

-

-

-

16
16
If

69
69

2

-

7
7

28
28

-

A

4

-

-

-

3
-

66
6C

22
22

“

134

6
-

6C
13

t
6

47
47

-

-

4

2

_

_

29
28
1

-

1

1

-

-

“

1

1

_

_

3
3

A

2

a

-

i
-

5
-

2
-

i

_

13
12
1

1

9

1

8
1

31
8
23
10

34
34

39
39

85
85

57
57

135
132
3

311
308
3

139
139

eo7
797
10

457
457
*

28C
235
45

130
104
26

35
35

30
30

64
64

192
192

4 54
454

17C
170

525
525

5

9
1
8

24
17
7

45

37
34
3
“

63
50
13
13

51
23
28
1

21
18
2

2
-

4

11
11

1
-

2
1

A

-

250
235

61
61

309
303

247
247

e9
69

85
82

-

5
45

20
15

6

20
16

19
18

31
12

2
1

10

_

2

6

-

3

169

65

67
67

-

79

“

15
15

-

65

21
21

79

169

_
-

_

33
33

2
2

4
4

1

4
4

“

2

*

1

4
4

12
12

3

3

8
8
30
-

to

-

-

$7.80;

32

-

-

-

at $ 8 . 2 0 to $ 8 . 4 0 ;

-

and 6 at

-

30

-

$ 8 . 6 0 to $ 8 . 8 0 .

44

46
46

9
14
11

6

2

-

167
163
7

-

-

2A

5

-

"

_

51

2

6
1

7

-

A
A

2A

15
15

-

-

22
1C
12
'

19
19

_

-

46
41
5

2
-

A3
*A3
i

2
1

3

12
12

-

38

223
2C3
2G
14

A
-

“

“

_

91
89

54
54

A

3
3

-

1

-

19
15
4

5
-

12
12
-

1

_

-

_

1

1

20
20

-

4

*
y

-

-

:

i

24
*

.

-

A

-

2
2
2

-

5
-

“

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

*
242
242

2

3

23
T a b le A -4 a .

M a in t e n a n c e and p o w e rp la n t o c c u p a tio n s — la rg e e s ta b lis h m e n ts :

H o u r l y e a r n in g s

(Average straight-time hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations in establishments employing 500 workers or more by industry division, Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1973)
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings o:
i
i
s
*
»
*
t
*

Hourly e arn in gs3

$

Occupation and industry division

of
workers

M ean 2

M e d ian 2

M iddle range ^

*

$

*

$

Under 3.6C 3.70 3.8C 3.9C 4 . CO 4.10 4.20 4.30 4.40 4.50 4.60 4.70 4.80 4.90
*
and
3*60 under

5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00 6.20 6.4C

and

3.70 3.80 3.9C 4 . PC 4.10 4.20 4.30 4.40 4.50 4.60 4.70 4.80 4.9C 5.00 5.20 5.4C 5.6C 5.8C 6.CC 6.2C 6.40 over
M
EN AND W M
O EN COMBINED

-----------------------------

537
398
139
74

$
5.21
4.94
5.97
5.C3

$
4.99
4.94
5.15
4.89

$
4. 8 14.774. 8 5 4.8 4-

$
5.41
5.09
8.31
5.16

ELECTRICIANS. MAINTENANCE -------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURINC -----------------------PUELIC UTILITIES ---------------------

1,706
1,531
175
134

5.C9
5.04
5.48
5.47

5.10
5.G7
5.33
5.42

4. 8 24.7 95.215.25-

5.3?
5.3C
5.65
5.64

-

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY --------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMANUFACILR1NG -----------------------RtTAIL TRACE ---------------------------

425
269
156
58

4.98
4.81
5.27
5.27

5.C2
4.74
5.15
5.05

4.5 54.3 95 .Cl5.02-

5.35
5.20
5.64
5.08

_
-

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER -----------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

186
186

4.20
4.2C

4.11
4.11

3.95- 4.47
3.95- 4.47

12
12

*

EELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRACES ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC LTILITIES ---------------------

1,688
1,573

4.18
4.17

4.17
4.15

4. 0 1- 4.29
4 . C l - 4.28

12
12

34
34

115

4.28

4.39

4.1 5- 4.45

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TCCLR0CM —
MANUFACIURINC -----------------------------

527
527

4.95
4.95

4.95
4.95

4.56- 5.44
4.56- 5.44

-

-

M
ACE INI STS, MAINTENANCE----------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

2,010
1,928

5.36
5.37

5.32
5.34

5.07- 5.83
5.07— 5.83

"

-

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE! -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMANUFACTUPING -----------------------PUELIC LT I L I T I E S --------------------

544
319
225
196

5.40
5.26
5.61
5.75

5.43
5.3e
5.93
5.94

4.9 14.894.9 14.97-

-

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMANLFACTLRING
PLELIC LT I L I T I E S ---------------------

2,172
2,137

4.96
4.96

4.97
4.97

4. 7 5- 5.21
4.7 3- 5.21

-

25

5.47

5.47

5.4 3- 5.64

MILLWRIGHTS ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

1,511
1,511

5.21
5.21

5.19
5.19

5.C5- 5.52
5.C5- 5.52

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE --------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

247
199

4.86
4.80

4.82
4.81

4.4 9- 5.14
4. 5 2- 5.12

6
3

1

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE --------------MANUFACTURINC -----------------------------

1,055
1,011

4.93
4.93

4.89
4.89

4. 7 4- 5.08
4. 7 4- 5.08

.
*

.
*

2
2

4
4

SHEET-METAL WCPKERS, MAINTENANCE - MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

113
78

5.CC
4.96

5.05
5.01

4.8 3- 5.27
4. 7 6- 5.25

_

“

_
*

4.76- 6.23
4. 7 6- 6.23

.

-

_

CARPENTERS. MAINTENANCE ----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURINC -----------------------PUeLIC

UTILIT IES

TOOL ANC C1E MAKERS -----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

697
697

5.44
5.44

5.38
5.38

5.92
5.49
5.99
t.OC

-




2C
20

-

-

_

_
_
-

4
4

-

12
12

6
6

7

63
63

-

6
1

-

9
8

26
11
15
4

i

44
43
1

50
44
6

-

-

18

21

16
16

3C
3C

e

56

-

6

2
2

24
24

93
93

4
4

17
17

1C4
95

~

-

31
29

18
13

65
65

16
14

45
45

5
2
3

15

14
8
6

17
7
10

-

3

54
43

3
2

n

2

-

-

8

1

-

8

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

51
51

-

24
24

3
3

66
60

22
22

1

-

278
226

138
135

54
50

566
585

1
1
1

143
138
5

10

37
37

268
266

363
355

412
412

237
234

118
104

64
64

116
116

76
76

454
454

170

525
525

29
29

8
5

44
37

18
12

128
128

12
12

45
45

249
249

60
54

5

-

6
6

2
2

18
14

3
3

11
11

73
73

96
96

32
32

24
24

-

-

6

8

28
28

58
58

162
162

98
98

*

15
15

34
34

1

3

1

3

27
27

i
i

4
4

9
1

2
2

15
15

22
21

15
15

_
-

12
12

3
3

19
19

6
6

62
47

8

*

*

*

1
1

"

2

-

_

-

-

-

-

2
2

570
568

46
19
27
26

33
33

4
4

2

20
20

57
57

34
34

2

1

6

13
13

“
28
28

i
20
1C
10
-

5

_

15

“

“

61

4

15
2

1

9

8
e

17
17

9
e
l
*

1

-

69

-

3
2

-

-

9

20
2C

144
68

12
12

-

54
5C
4
3

12
12

39
24

1

-

80
35
45
44

-

416
41 2

1

2
2

12
12

133
132

122
1C1

-

73
52
21
21

8

38
38

8

39C
372

-

-

43
*43

5

i

12
12

222
222

-

4
4
-

-

*

14
1C
4

3

-

98
96

19
17
2

3

-

27
14
13
13

18
18

89
89

16
16

-

7
7
7

91
54
37
36

38
38

12
12

_
“

83
82
1

315
263
52
49

136
125
11

3
3

9
9

-

2

2
“

4C7
396
11

136
132
4
2

“

20
2C

*
-

38
32
6

-

67
66

22
20
2

57
57

46
46

63
62
1

“

8

5
5

77
75
2
2

43
40
3

1
1

4
4

_

167
16C

8
8

_ a
t;>60
13
47
47
24
24

-

-

2

-

*

$7.80 32
* * Workers were distributed as follows: 47 at $ 6.60 to $ 6.80; and 13 at $ 6,80 to $ 7.

See footnotes at end of tables.

123
100
23
22

125
81
44
44

8

30

30
a t $ 8 .2 0

to

$ 8 .4 0 ; a n d

1

‘
6

a t $ 8 .6 0

to

$ 8 .80 .

7

5

17C

4
2

5

243
243
242
242

3
3

24
T a b l e A - 5 . C u s t o d ia l a nd m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s : H o u r l y e a r n in g s
(Average straight-time hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Pittsburgh, Pa. , January 1973}
Hourly earnings*

0~r .pation and industry division

MEN

AND

WOMEN

Mean *

Median^

M iddle range ^

-------------------------

2,258
1,053
1,205

$
3.02
3.92
2.24

$
3.34
4.11
1.90

$
1.883.751.72-

$
4.11
4.19
2.47

895

3.99

4.13

3.85-

4.19

37C
37C

43A
3
431

61
4
77

43
24
19

4

~

24
4
2C

-

41
18
23

124
67
57

139
37
102

161
149
12

121
115
6

“

24

45
16
29

“

A3

33

98

94

-

18

24

158

3.47

3.64

3.17-

3.8C

-

3

4

-

-

16

J A N I T O R S , P O R T E R S , A N O C L E A N E R S ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T L R 1 N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------W H O L E S A L E T R A C E -------------------R E T A I L T R A C E -----------------------F I N A N C E ------------------------------S E R V I C E S ------------------------------

7,422
2,162
5,260
394
57
626
2,590
1,593

2.94
3.45
2.73
3.49
3.22
2.39
3.04
2.14

3.C5
3.54
2.95
3.48
3.C6
2.55
3.C5
2.06

2.483.432.133.312.841.772.971.88-

3.491
3 . 5 8j
3.09
3.77
3.65
2.76
3.25
2.17

337
21

566
36
53C

734

122
17
1C5
-

18C
2C
16C
3
10
96
39
12

423
69
354
17
3
220
13
1C1

L A B O R E R S , M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T L R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

3.80
4.08
3.43
5.29
4 . 16
2.81

3.66
3.97
3.23
5.80
4.25
2.76

3.313.542.61-

4.35
4.451
4.23

96
96

138
138

78
78

6C

4C
4C

25A
6C
19A

E8
2
86

------------------------

3,932
2,247
1,685
238
340
1,C6G

3.612.04-

4.92!
3.31

96

138

77

59

12

194

CRCEH
F I L L E R S ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T L R I N G --------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A C E -------------------R E T A I L I R A C E ------------------------

767
234
533
318
209

3.86
3.86
3.87
3.95
3.77

3.45
3.32
3.98
4.4C
3.23

2.812.763.083.142.79-

A . 65;
A.65
4.69
4. 49 1
5.40j

_
-

17
17
17

12
3

-

7

36
36
28

ns

7

3

P A C K E R S , S H I P P I N G -----------------------M A N U F A L I U R I N G ------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T L R I N G --------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A C E -------------------R E T A I L T R A C E ------------------------

623
424
199
101

3.95
4 0<
3.44
3.88
3.02

3.71
3.84
3.32
3.98
3.24

3.383.463.213.633.08-

4.62
4.811
3.98|
4.42!
3 . 2 9|

-

2
2
2

1C
10
10

7
-

15

9
9
*

R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S ------------------------M A N L F A C T U R I N G — --------------------- N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------— —
W H O L E S A L E T R A C E -------------------R E T A I L T R A C E ------------------------

35 3
127
226
82
133

3.71
4.05
3.52
3.93
3.20

3. 80
4.C8
3.52
3.93
3.05

3.253.842.783.712.56-

4.19
4.38
A . 1C
4.19
3.531

_
-

-

-

u

33

16
2
1A

-

-

-

11

33

1A

S H I P P I N G C L E R K S --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T L R I N G -------- -----------W H C L E S A L E T R A C E -------------------

355
24C
115
96

3.99
A . 09
3.78
3.78

4.CC
4.10
3.76
3.18

3.713.773.553.57-

A . 29
A.3A!
4.03
A.05

-

-

-

3

6

3

3

6
6

3

3

*

3
3

S H I P P I N G A N O R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N C N M A N U F A C I U R I N G --------------------W H C L E S A L E T R A C E --------------------

217
98
119
64

4.36
4.13
4.51
4.21

4.51
4.35
4.72
4.30

3.673.893.583.56-

A.78
A.65
A.99
A.7A

7
7

“
*

1

3
2
1

* All workers were at $6.20 to $6.40.

See footnotes at end of tables,




11
55
464

44
40
21
tc

“
-

-

9
9

7

-

7

15
14
1

11

33

7

_
*
-

-

-

1
1

99

’9
19

-

439
404

-

I

i

5.4C

5.6C

-

I
-

i

5.80

-

6.CC

and

5 . CO 5.20 S.4C 5 . 6C 5.eC 6.CC over

-

5

181
180
1

22
13
9

4
1
3

17
17
-

3
1
2

2
-

25
A
CA

163

13

l

17

1

*

_
-

1
1

_
-

-

-

-

-

2
2
2

79
14
65
6C
5

9
9
9

52
5.2
c2

289
161
128
12 C
6
-

?
-

4

51

21

860 1533
133 1299
727 234
89
43
3
7
1
13
590 145
38
32

195
95
ICC
90
-

178
102
76
6C
6

9

1A5
15
130

218
90
128

731
6 74
57

9
73

13C

73
51

55

284
190
94
31
40
17

141
133
9
7

15
15
15

112

9
103
69
34

65
31
34
18
16

4
4
4

-

48
26
25
*

-

2A
2A
-

4
4
4

96

99
85
14
11
3

73

62
62

65
8
8

64
40
24
24

6

22

50
6
44
13
26

36
11
25
22
3

65
40
25
21
36
3
33
33

2

2
2

-

5

-

-

”

*

1C

eCA 13C2
12 188
752 1114
2A
44
8
12
8
55
6A3 1CC7
58
47

*

TRACE

316
162
22
132

14
720
15
17
688

O

W
HOLESALE TRACE -------------------

in

WATCHMEN
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------- ----------------

RETAIL

of—
i
$
*
4.8C 5.0C 5 . 2 C

COMBINED

G U A R D S A N C W A T C H M E N --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T O R I N G --------------------GUARDS
MANUFACTURING

of
workers

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings
T
1
T
I
t
$
(
t
$
t
J
t
*
I
t
1.6C l.RC 2.CC 2.2C 2 . A 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.CC 4.20 4.40 4.60
C
and
under "~
1.8C 2.CC 2.20 2.4C 2.60 2 . e 0 3 . G 3.20 3.40 3.60 3,80 4 . PC 4.20 A.40 A.60 4.8C
O
«

Num ber

34

22

4
4

21

5
1

3

-

-

1

-

17

1C7
9?
14

47
45
2

6

33
17
16
16
-

A7C
344
126
2C
106

267
144
123
7
ICC
16

270
266
4
4

Ill
l C3
8
8
-

122
12
no
11c
-

1

19
19
19

104
11
93
90
3

23
23
3
20

8
66
66
-

15
15
-

12
12
12

32
32
32

51
51

85
85

25
25

_
-

-

2C
1C
1C
1C
-

36
24
12
6
6

56
36
2C
17
3

34
15
19
18
1

12
12
-

14
12
2
2

13
.2
11
3

?
2
-

-

-

1
1
1
-

55
27
28
24

42
25
17
16

54

48
6
6

89
69
20
19

8
8
-

13
11
2
-

6
5
-

1
1
-

6
6
-

-

1
1
1

-

9

A
A
-

16
16
-

29
13
16
16

17
15
2
1

47
12
35
33

18
17
1
-

-

?
e
-

13
13
1

e
8
-

-

1

9

-

22

R

1

-

-

2

74

1

7

-

7

29
79
5C
*5C
_
-

“
-

25
T a b l e A - 5 . C u s t o d i a l an d m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s : H o u r l y e a r n i n g s — C o n t i n u e d
(Average straight-time hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Pittsburgh, Pa. , January 1973)
Hourly ea m in g s3

Occupation and industry division

1

Num ber
of

1.6C
M ean 2

M e d ia n 2

M iddle range ^

and
under

$

t

i

*

*

1.8C 2.00 2 .2 C 2.40 2.60

-

-

-

-

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
$
$
»
t
*
*
*
I
i
I
*
»

-

2.60 3.00 3.20

-

-

3.80 4.00 4.20

-

-

3.40 3.60

-

-

-

-

4.40 4.60 4.80

-

-

-

5.00

-

1

)

i

I

5.20 5.4C 5.6C 5.8C

-

-

-

-

)

6.0C

and

1.8C 2.00 2.20 2.40 2.6C 2.80 3.CC 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.6C 5.80 6 . PC over

M
EN AND W EN COMBINED—
OM
CONTINUED
TRUCKCRIVERS ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMNU FACTORING-----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------------WFCLESALE TRACE ----------------------RETAIL TRACE ---------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------

4,607
1,111
3,496
1,705
1,085
480
226

$
5.08
5.00
5.11
5.63
4.54
4.68
4.76

$
5.03
4.60
5.16
5.92
4.50
4.37
4.85

$
4. 3 3 4. 1 24 .3 8 5.7 44. 2 0 4. 3 24. 8 2 -

$
5.93
6.32
5.92
5.97
5.01
5.22
4.88

TRUCKCRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TGNSI -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMANUFACTLRING -----------------------WFCLESALE TRACE -----------------------

917
148
769
54

4.78
4.51
4.84
4.00

4.45
4.13
4.48
4.42

4. 3 1 2. 9 74. 3 3 3. 0 6 -

5.92
6.34
5.91
4.47

-

TRUCKCRIVERS, MECILM (1-1/2 TC
ANC INCLUDING A TCNS1 ---------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMANUFACTLRING -----------------------WFLIFSALE TRACE ---------------------RETAIL TRACE ---------------------------

1,440
5C7
933
5 28
143

5.02
5.52
4.75
4.63
4.31

4.77
6.31
4.73
4.73
4.35

4. 3 54. 5 5 4. 3 24. 2 3 4 .3 2 -

5.75
6.35
4.99
4.78
4.38

-

TRUCKCRIVERS, HEAVY (CVER A TCNS,
TRAILER TYPE) ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMANUFACTLRING -----------------------PUELIC UT(LITIES ---------------------

801
219
582
388

5.35
4.93
5.51
5.80

5.76
4.44
5.79
5.92

4. 4 9 4. 1 6 5. 7 05. 7 5-

5.96
6.01
5.96
6.00

TRUCKCRIVERS, HEAVY (CVER A TCNS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMANUFACTLRING ------------------------

48C
92
388

5.19
4.57
5.33

5.29
4.29
5.91

TRUCKERS, POW
ER (FORKLIFT) ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMANUFACTLRING -----------------------P u e u c U T I L I T I E S --------------------W
HOLE SALE TRADE----------------------RETAIL TRACE ----------------------------

1,768
1,490
278
50
175
52

4.22
4.10
4.88
5.86
4.66
4.69

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT! --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

880
865

WAREHOUSEMEN -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMANUFACTLRING -----------------------PUBLIC UT IL IT I E S --------------------WHCLESALL TRACE----------------------RETAIL TRACE ----------------------------

1,096
251
845
25
575
245

* Workers were distributed as follows:
* * All workers were at $6.20 to $6.40.

See footnotes at end of tables.




6
6
6

64
40
24
2
22

-

-

16
1
15
1
3
11

-

71
12
59
14
44
1

-

-

-

-

-

16
10
6
6

1C
10
-

A

30
28
2
-

14
14

-

-

-

-

-

11

12
12
-

1

-

-

11

11
10
1
-

11
10
1
-

-

-

-

1

1

-

11
1C
1
-

11
1C
1
-

6
6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

20
1A
6
6

“

1C
1C
-

-

A

3
11

1
1
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

A . 28- 5.9A
4. 1 8 - 5.51
4. 3 8 - 5.95

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4.17
4.13
4.92
5.87
4.90
4.66

3. 7 23. 6 64 .4 5 5.7 84 .4 2 3. 7 3-

-

4.60
4.60

4.81
4.81

4 .1 5 - 4.87
4. 1 4 - 4.87

4.03
3.88
4.07
4.88
4.12
3.87

4.01
3.87
4.19
5.23
4.09
3.88

3. 8 0 3. 8 1 3. 7 54. 2 7 3. 9 2 3. 5 5 -

4.71
A.6 A
5.61
6.04
4.95
5.64

4.33
4.16
4.34
5.33
4.34
4.29

_

-

-

_
-

_
-

5
5

13
13

-

-

-

*

1
1
_
-

-

-

-

91
14
77
5
64
4
4

40
18
22
5

7

A

7
-

3
1
-

23
23
20
1
50
6
44

11
8
3

-

17

33
12
21
-

-

“

455
297
158
34
124
-

657
68
589
130
165
294
-

2C8
64
144
32
11C
2

372
28
344
80
264

249
42
2C7
6
-

121
12
1C9

8C
8C

-

-

181
ie

163
16C
3

392 1C69 *4 8 3
54
7 392
33e 1C62
91
296 1C1C
90
42
52
1

-

-

16
1E5

75
16
18

30

-

132

34

-

-

2

2C7

-

-

3
3

207
-

75
75
72
2

189
35
154
-

-

-

3

-

1
i
-

2CC
19
181
142

176
176
128

147
57
90
90

-

80
8C

17
17
“

213
7
206

-

36
36
16
2C

16
2
14
14
-

2C
2C
20
-

-

8C
-

33
12
21

299
299
6

30
30

-

132

34

1C9
73
36
26
-

242
242
111
124

1C1
56
45
35

288
24
264
264
-

63
25
58
-

-

-

-

-

81
81
*

18
18
-

65
e
57
10

21
A
17
17

28
11
17
1

12
12
-

67
16
51

91
43
48

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

66
65
1
-

3**270
270
3

127
117
10

148
1AA
A

118
117
1

435
432
3

80
43
37

96
48
48

308
295
13

179
89
90

16
16
-

5
5
-

3
3
-

1

2

37
-

45
3

13

-

10

3
1

9C

2

-

-

38
38

-

163
161
2

10
10

288
285

8
8

2
2

56
45

421
421

-

-

-

14
14

43
42

345
8
337
10
253
74

48
12
36
36

3
3
3

46
35
11
1
10

A

19
19
14
5

2
2
2

1C
1C
1C

_

_

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
10

35
32
3

-

15
15

8
2
6

AA

143
143

272
113
159

74
31
43

-

-

*

10

3

-

15

6

44

118
25

132
27

38
5

62
18

135 at $ 6 to $6.20; 335 at $6.20 to $6.40; 1 at $6.6 0 to $6.80; and 12 at $6.80 to $7.

-

26
T a b le A -5 a .

C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s — la r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s :

H o u rly e a rn in g s

(Average straight-time hourly earnings in selected occupations in establishments employing 500 workers or more by industry division, Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1973)

See footnotes at end of tables.




27
T a b le A -5 a .

C u s t o d ia l and m a te ria l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s — la rge e s ta b lis h m e n ts :

H o u r l y e a r n i n g s ----- C o n t i n u e d

(Average straight-time hourly earnings in selected occupations in establishments employing 500 workers or more by industry division, Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1973)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv i n g s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f —

H
ourly e arn in g s*
Num ber

of
w
orkers

M ean 2

M e d ian 2

1,321
1,223
98
52

$
A. 15
A . 11
A . 59
A . 69

$
A . 15
A.1A
A.5A
A . 66

$
3.8 03.7 AA . A33. 7 3-

MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

869
857

4.6C
A. 60

A . 81
A . 81

A . 15- A .87
A . 15- A .87

WAREHOUSEMEN -----------------------------------------------NCNRANUEACTUR IN'G-----------------------PUBLIC LT I L I T I E S --------------------RETAIL TRACE ---------------------------

395
208
25
167

3.8A
3.9C
4.e8
3.77

3.8A
3.79
5.23
3.71

3.5 63.52A . 273.A7-

«
i
$
t
1
S
*
(
t
»
$
t
t
$
t
2.3C 2 . A0 2.6C 2.8C 3.00 3.20 3 . A0 3.60 3.80 A . 00 A.2C 4«4C 4«60 A . 80 5.00

O c c u p a tio n an d in d u s t ry d iv is io n

U nde
M iddle range 2

$
S
t
1
%
$
.20 5* A0 5.60 5.8C 6.CC 6.20 6.4C

an d
*
2.3C u n d e r
2 . AC 2.6C 2.8C 3.CC 3.20 3 . AC 3.60 3.80 A.CC A . 20 A.AC A.6C A . 60 5.CC 5.20 5 . AC 5. 60 5.8C 6.0C 6.2C 6 . A0 over

HEN AND W EN COMBINED—
OM
CONTINUED
TRUCKERS. POKER (FORKLIFT) ------------RAN0FACTOR 1K G ----------------------------NONRANOFACTLRING -------------------------------RETAIL TRACE -------------------------------------

$
A .62
A .61
A.67
5.6A

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
13

-

-

-

92
SC
2
2

127
117
10
10

92
91

105
1CA

A06
AC3

l

1

1

1

2

10

277
277

87
39
A8
3

22C
207
13
13

89
89

9

2

A5

A21

32
28
1C
18

48
36

3

38

-

A3
A3
-

-

.

-

_

2
2

_

3

-

_

_

_
_

-

-

2C
2C

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1A

A2

-

-

-

_

1A
14
14

_

_

_

_

_

12
12
-

5
5

3

20

TRUCKERS, POW
ER (OTHER THAN

See footnotes at end of tables.




A . 18
A.AC
5.33
A.37

_
-

_

10
10

20
3

-

-

-

•

1C

3

1A
1A

8
6

59
A1

32
32

132
19

25
4

1A

6

A1

16

19

A

-

1
1
l

36

_

_

_

_

_

28

T a b le A -6 .

M a i n t e n a n c e , p o w e r p la n t, c u s to d ia l, an d m a te r ia l h a n d lin g o c c u p a tio n s :

A v e r a g e h o u rly ea rn in g s, by se x
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f w o r k e r s in s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s b y in d u s t ry d iv is io n , P i t t s b u r g h , P a . ,

Sex, occupation, and industry division

N um b er
of
workers

A v e rag e
(m e an 2 )
hourly
earn in gs3

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
Tir.CUPATlUNS - M
EN

N um ber
of

Sex, occupation, and industry division

J a n u a r y 1973)

A v e rag e
(m e a n 2 )
hourly
e arnings3

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL HANDLING
OCCUPATIONS - M
EN
625
429
196

Sex, occupation, and industry division

A v e rag e
(m e a n 2 )
hourly
e arn in gs3

AND MATERIAL HANDLING
0CCUPA1IJNS - MEN— CONTINUED

CUSTODIAL

$

5.09
4.88
5.54

2,246

$

TRUCKORIVERS

-

CONTINUED

TRUCKCRIVERS,
MANUFACTURING

GUARDS
2,042
1,830

Num ber
of
workers

5.00

895

5*37
5.39

556
307
249
58
52

5.00
4.91
5.12
5.27
4.72

JANITORS,

271
271

4.34
A. 34

1,710
1,574
136
136

4.20
4.17
4.52
4.52

561

4.90

2,249
2,167

5.28
5.28

389
560
523

5 \t
5.33
5.55
5.61

MANUFACTURING — — ——
—
——— — — —
N C N M A N U F A C T L R I N G — — — — —— — — —— —— — ——

2 727
2,629
98

A 00
5.25

R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S -------------------- ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

MILLWRIGHT S —— — —— — ——————— ———— —— ———
HANL'FACTUR ING —
——— —
——— — ———

1.511
1.511

5.21
5.21

wholesale tra de ----------------------R E T A I L T R A C E — -----— — - — — —

tUNCER
917
148

--------------------------

3.99

4.51

4.00

WAT CHMEN

146

LIGHT

3.47

TRUCKCRIVERS,

MEDIUM

(1-1/2

TO
1

HELPERS* MAINTENANCE
M A N U F A C T U R I KG

TRADES

----------

---------------

MACHINE-TOOL

CPERATCPS,

TOOLROOM

MACHINISTS# MAINTENANCE — -— *—
H A Nil F A C T U R I N G — — — — — — — — — — —

—

---———

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE)
H A N U F A C T U R ING — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —
N L N M A N U F A C T L R I N G — —— — —— —
——— ——

PORTERS,

AND

N C N M A N U F A C T LR ING
NHCLESALE

CLEANERS

----

—————— ————————

4,540
2 #633

440
'so?
*"20

51C
888
940

2.43
3.25
2.27

LABORERS, MATERIAL
MANUFACTURING —

H A N D L I N G ---------— —
—
—
—
—

3.847

UTILITIES

NCNMANUFACTURING

—

HEAVY

(OVER

4

TONS,

N C N M A N U F A C T L R ING

2 AA

”

x*
*•31

3.82

5.35
4.93
388

1 , 6 0 0 N C N M A N U F ATCRTUDCRKICNRGI V— R— , H E A V Y ( O V E R 4 T O N S ,
E S
5.29
238
340
4.16
M A N U F A C IU R I N G — — — — — —
—— ——— — ———
2.81
975
NCNMANUFAC TURING ———— ———— ———— — —

----- ---------

627
170
--------------------- A C 1 L R4 5 7G
NCNHANUF
IN
290
161

4 . 1 7 T R U C K E R S , P O W E R ( F 0 R K L I F T I ----------4.28
M A N L F AC IUR IKG — — — — — —
——— ———————
—4 .—1— — — — — — — — — — —
— 2
4.09
PUBLIC UTILITIES —— — —
—
———
4.23
W H O L E S A L E T R A C E -------------- -----

523
NCNMANUFACTLRING

TRUCKCRIVERS,

3.82
4.04

334
127
207
82
114

3.76
4.05
3.58
3.93
3.25

1,768

4.22

175

5.86
4.66

865

4.60

4.01

103
73

---------------------

5.80

4.57

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLI F T )
MANUFACTURING —— —— ——
————

— —— —

1,093
m an u fa c tu ri ng — — — — — — — —
——
—
———
N C N M A N U FACT UR ING — — — — — — — — —
———
PUBLIC UTILITIES — ——
——
—— —

79
3.82

4

03

3.88

3.89

V??
A

5 02
5.52

TRACE

SERVICES

PUBLIC

3.09
3.51
2.78
3*66

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL HANOI ITS
OCCUPATIONS - W
OKEN

r liBL I t Ul 1L 1 1l to
4.36
1,169
1,125

98

4.87
A. 07

2,627

r t u L l L u 11L 1 11t J
84

SHEET




METAL

VCRKERS#

MAINTENANCE
86

mon
.*

757
757

5.38
5.38

M A N U F AC T U R IN6

— —— ——— ——— ———

4
———

607

i*Iii
1,705
1,085

4.21

3.22
2.21

5 08
5.00
5.63

r , ,

,,

V

2.80
S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .

29
T a b le A -6 a .

M a in te n a n c e , p o w e r p la n t, c u s to d ia l, an d m a te r ia l h a n d lin g o c c u p a tio n s —

larg e e s ta b lis h m e n ts :

A v e r a g e h o u rly e a rn in g s , by sex

( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e by in d u s t ry d iv is io n ,
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n u a ry 1973)

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , an d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

Average
(mean* )
hourly
earnings3

MAINTENANCE AND PiJWERPLANT
OCCUPATIONS - M
EN

m a in t e n a n c e

and

Number Average
(mean*)
of
hourly
earnings3

537
398
139
74

$
5.21
4.94
5.97
5.03
5.09
5.04
5.48
5.47

SHEET-METAL

WORKERS,

MAINTENANCE

Sex,

o c c u p a tio n ,

and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

—

113
78

$
5.00

158

09 7
l

CUSTODIAL AM MATERIAL HANDLING
D
OCCUPATIONS - M
EN

5.27

— —————

—

—— — —— ———

186

4.20

971
175

3 97
3.71

871

H ANL FACTURING

2 70
3.26

(1-1/2

TRUCKDRIVERS,

HEAVY

(CVER

JANITORS,

5.36
5.37

PORTERS,

AND

CLEANERS

----

K t 1A 1 L

VK p v L

POWER

(OTHER

**5

4.69

857
3*70

,*nr«i n . ,r ur .i

M A R E H C U 5 E ME N

“ fl I N 1 t N A N t t
•

^90
52

_
m

1,761

2*7?

2,137

_
-

THAN

3.39
F lt C r M N lv o i

-

*

J LKV1vL J

c An
Tin
__

TONS,

J *^
4.29

79

TRUCKERS,
(M A I N T 1 N A N G £ 1

4

WATCHMEN

4*95
2,010
1,928

TC

3.41

201
127

TRUCKDRIVEPS * MEDIUM

3.38

2,435

(UNDER

38

NONMANUFACTURING

_ ._

4.04

100

LIGHT

GUARDS

1,688
4.17

7°0
735

$
4.20

/
TRUCKDRIVERS,
1 1/. t o n ^)

4^81
1"6
58

Average
< ™ a°2>
hourly
earnings3

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL HANDLING
0CCUPA1IJNS - MEN— CONTINUED

po w erplant

OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CUNTTNUtU

1,706
1,531
175
134

MMJF4CTDRIKG ————
N 0 N M A N U F A C T O R I N G ---------------------

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , an d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

203

-in

6

I* 1 2

/-..r,- r.

47

.. . -r

. .. . .

OCCUPATIONS - W cN
OM
U511
r fllN I L n o f




" n i ” 1L m MIi v L

52

3
1Q
Q
1

4.00

*84

1,055

78
4

See footnotes at end of tables.

93

t *7^
3#73

-

173

3.28

74

2.45

58

3.58

4 1^
3.59

30

B. Establishment practices and supplementary w a g e provisions
T a b le B -1 .

M in im u m e n tra n c e s a la rie s fo r w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e rs

(Distribution of establishm ents studied in a il in dustries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance sa la r y for selected categories
of inexperienced women officew ork ers, Pittsburgh, P a., Jan u ary 1973)
Inexperienced typists
Manufa d u rin g
Minimum weekly straight-tim e s a la r y 4

Other inexperienced c le ric a l workers
Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

B ased on standard weekly hours 6 of—
in dustries

All
schedules

All
schedules

40

in dustries
37V2

40

Nonmanufacturing

B ased on standard weekly hours 6 of—
All
schedules

All
schedules

40

37 V,

40

E stablish m ents stu d ie d ---------------------------------------

236

80

XXX

156

XXX

XXX

236

80

XXX

156

XXX

XXX

E stablish m en ts having a specified m in im um -----------------$57.50
$60.00
$62.50
$65.00
$67.50
$70.00
$72.50
$75.00
$77.50
$80.00
$82.50
$85.00
$87.50
$90.00
$92.50
$95.00
$97.50

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

$100.00
$105.00
$110.00
$115.00
$120.00
$ 125.00
$130.00
$135.00
$140.00
$145.00

109

49

41

60

15

33

117

50

41

67

16

40

$60.00_______________________________
$62.50----------------------------------------$65.00_______________________________
$67.50_______________________________
$70.00_______________________________
$72.50_______________________________
$75.00_______________________________
$77.50_______________________________
$80.00_______________________________
$82.50_______________________________
$85.00______________________________
$87.50_______________________________
$90.00_______________________________
$92.50_________________ ____________
$95.00_______________________ ______
$97.50----------------------------------------$100.00---------------------------------------

1
2
6
6
4
7
5
4
6
4
4
2

_
2
2
1
3
2
1
1
2
2
1
2

_
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
2
1
2

1
4
5
4
4

_
2
4
1

_
4
3

1
2
6
1
5
6
10

2
2
i
i
4
1

1
1

_
2
2
1
4
2
1
3
1

_
1
1
_
2
2
1
2
1
2
1
4

1
4
1
4
6
6
1
5
6
2
4

_
_
1
_
1
4
1
2
2
_
-

_
_
4
3
4
2
1
1
4
_
_
2

under $105.00_____________________________
under $110.00_____________________________
under $115.00-------------------------------------under $120.00_____________________________
under $125.00-------------------------------------under $130.00-------------------------------------under $135.00_____________________________
under $140.00---------------------------------- —
under $145.00_____________________
— —
o v e r______________________________________

3

.1
6
4

1
5

2
5
2

1
4
1
1
1

2
4

4
4

1
1

3

3
3

-

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

E stablish m en ts having no specified m inim um ----------------E stablish m en ts which did not employ w orkers
in this c a te g o r y ______________________________________

See footnotes at end of tables.




3

2
4
3

3

4
5
3

3

1
11
2
2
1

2
1
10
2
1
-

2
1
10
2
1
-

1
i
i
i

1
1
1
'

19

6

XXX

13

108

25

XXX

83

11
6
6
3

3

3
3

3

3

2
1
2
1
2
1
1
2

-

3

5
6
3
3

5
4
3

4
5

3

1

-

4

1
2
4
1

1
1

1
2
2

-

1

7
8
7
5
2
2
9

1
1

2

4
4
2
1
2
8
2
-

2

_
-

XXX

XXX

26

9

XXX

17

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

93

21

XXX

72

XXX

XXX

-

-

3

3

2
1
2
8
2
-

1

1
1

-

1

3
3

2
1
1

_
1
1

_
2




31

T a b le B - 2 . S h ift d iffe re n tia ls
(Late-shift pay provisions for manufacturing plantworkers by type and amount of pay differential,
Pittsburgh, Pa.. January 1973)
^ A U ^ £ lan tw o rk e£ S ^ n ^ m a n u fa ctu rin g ^ = ^ O O ^ ejn ce n t)^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ___^

__^

^

P ercen t of m anufacturing plantw orkers—
L ate -sh ift pay provision

In estab lish m en ts having p ro v isio n s 7
for late shifts
Second shift

T o ta l____________________________________

97.7

Th ird or other
shift

95.4

A ctually working on late shifts
Second shift

23.2

Third or other
shift

16.1

No pay d iffe ren tial fo r work on late s h if t _____

_

_

_

_

P ay d iffe ren tia l fo r work on late s h i f t ________

97.7

95.4

23.2

16.1

Uniform cents (per hour)--------------------

84.5

83.8

20.5

15.6

3 cen ts______________________________
5 cen ts---------------------------------------6 cen ts______________________________
7 cen ts______________________________
3 cen ts______________________________
9 cen ts_____________________ ___ __
10 c e n t s _____________________________
11 c e n t s ---------- ------------------------12 c e n t s _____________________________
I 2 V c e n t s ___________________________
2
13 c e n t s _____________________________
14 c e n ts _____________________________
I 4 V c e n t s ___________________________
3
15 cents ------------------------------------16 c e n t s --------------------------------------17 c e n t s _____________________________
I 7 V c e n t s ___________________________
2
18 c e n ts _____________________________
20 c e n ts _____________________________
23 c e n ts --------------------------------------27 c e n ts _____________________________

.9
.6
3.6
3.6
1.3
54.7
1.1
7.2
1.3
3.0

.2
.2
.8

1.4
1.3
.6
1.9
1.9
-

_
2.0
.6
1.9
.9
1.8
3.1
2.1
.5
1.0
1.1
59.0
1.5
1.4
.6
3.5
1.9
.8

.4
.3
14.9
(8)
1.0
.4
.6
.4
.1
.2
.4
.5
-

13.2

11.5

2.7

.6

4.3
8.4
.6

3.3
7.7
.6

1.1
1.5
(8)

.2
.4

Type and am ount of d iffe ren tia l:

Uniform p ercen tage__________________
5 p e r c e n t ------------------------------------10 p e rc e n t___________________________
15 p e rc e n t___________________________

See footnotes at end of tables.

-

-

-

.5
(8)
.3
.1
(8)
.2
.4
(8)
.2
.3
12.3
.2
-

.1
.2
.5
.1
.1

32

T a b le B -3 . S c h e d u le d w eekly hours and days
(Percen t of plantw orkers and office w orkers in all in dustries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly hours and days
of fir st-sh ift w o rk ers, P ittsbu rgh , P a . , January 1973)
Plantw orkers
Weekly hours and days

All w ork ers__________________________ —
20 hours— 5 d ays__________________ -_________
25 hours— 5 days____________________________
30 h o u rs____________________ ________________
4 d a y s ________________ __ — _________
5 day s _____________________ ____ _—
32 hours— 5 d ays________________ _______ —
32V hours— 5 days__________________________
2
35 h o u rs-----------------------------------------------5 d a y s ____________________________________
6 d a y s .-------------------------------------------36 hours— 5 days____________________________
36*/< hours— 5 d ays__________________________
37 hours— 5 d ay s____________________________
37 lh hours— 5 d ays__________________________
38 hours— 5 d ays------------------------------------383i hours-— 5 d ay s__________________________
/
40 h o u rs------------- ----------------------------------5 d a y s---------------------------------- ----------6 d a y s ----------------------------------------------42 h o u rs-----------------------------------------------5 d a y s ----------------------------------------------5'/z d a y s _________________________________
44 h o u rs____________________________________
5 d a y s ____________________________________
5 */2 d a y s -------------------------------------------45 hours— 5 l/ z d ays__________________________
48 hours— 6 d ays____ -______________________
50 hours— 5 days____________________________
_ _ _ _
52 hours— 5 d ays_________ -_____

See footnote at end of tab le s.




Officew orkers

All
in dustries

Manu­
facturing

Public
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail
trade

Services

All
industries

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

-

5
5
2
5
3
2
2
2

2
4
4
16
3
14
2
71
71
-

(9)
1
6
6
(9)
2
1
24
1
4
61
61
(9)
(?)
(9)

5
-

(9)
-

1
(’ )
1
1
(9)
C)

4
2
1

n

n
i
i
n
89
89
(9)
1
1
(’ )
n
(9)
i
(9)
(9)

2
2
(9)
(9)
95
95
-

1
1
1
-

7
4
-

-

88
88
~

75
75
15
15
5
4

*
1

7
78
77
1
-

Public
utilities

’ Wholesale
trade

Retail
trade

Finance

S erv ice s

100

100

100

100

100

100

3
3
4
7

4
4
36

2
2
6

1
4
4
1
1
2
10
81
81
-

13
13
1
3
65

14
9
9
2
10

Manu­
facturing

-

1
85
85
-

-

-

60
60
“
-

7
82
82

-

-

2
2
-

-

-

12
5
5
-

5
58
58
1
-

-

"
-

33

T a b l e B - 4 . A n n u a l p a id h o lid a y s
(Pe rcent of plantworkers and officeworkers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays, Pittsburgh, Pa. , January 1973)
Item

All w orkers_____________________________
W orkers in establishm ents providing
paid h o lid ays______________________________
Workers in establishm ents providing
no paid h o lid ays___________________________

Plantw ork ers

Officew orkers

All
industries

Manu­
facturing

Public
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail
trade

Services

All
industries

10 0

100

100

100

100

100

10 0

100

10 0

100

100

10 0

10 0

96

100

93

100

88

78

99

99

99

100

98

10 0

95

4

-

7

*

12

22

1

(9)

(9)

-

2

-

5

1
(!)
(9)
6
(’ )
(9)
12
1
(9)
15
(9)
45
1
12
(’ )
1
1

1
5
1
(9)
10
(9)
62
1
16
(9)
2
1
"

-

-

3
-

3
3
17
1
2
19
2

-

2
2

(9)
20
n

-

l

1
(9)
4
2
2
7
1
2
63
2
13
(9)
1
2

1

1

Manu­
facturing

Public
utilities

’ Wholesale
trade

R etail
trade

Finance

Services

Number of days
1 holiday____________________________________
2 holid ays___________________________________
5 holid ays---------------------------------------------6 holid ays---------------------------------------------6 holidays plus 1 half day____________________
6 holidays plus 2 half d a y s __________________
7 h o lid ay s___________________________________
7 holidays plus 1 half day____________________
7 holidays plus 2 or 3 half d ays______________
8 h o lid ays---------------------------------------------8 holidays plus 1 half day____________________
8 holidays plus 2 half d a y s ------------------------9 h o lid ays___________________________________
9 holidays plus 1 half day____________________
10 holidays__________________________________
10 holidays plus 2 half days__________________
11 holidays__________________________________
11 holidays plus 1 half d ay__________________
12 holidays__________________________________
13 holidays plus 1 half d ay __________________

2
"
20
52
17
2
-

1
5
25
*
34
6
29
1

20
1
37
1
25
-

16

1
-

15
-

-

-

(9)
!
(’ )
4

(9)

1
9
1
1
29
1
1
37
1
12

n

2

3

(9)
21

43

-

32

1

(9)

-

10
2
28
33
10
9
1
~
2
-

2
37

40
-

-

1

7

71
3
8
7
2
1

_
1
2
11
1

6
14
1
1
13
-

31
14
-

Total holiday tim e 1
0
1 3 V days----------------------------------------------2
12 days or m ore_____________________________
IIV 2 days or m ore___________________________
11 days or m ore_____________________________
10 days or m ore_____________________________
9 V days or m o r e ___________________________
2
9 days or m o r e _____________________________
8 V days or m o r e ___________________________
2
8 days or m o r e _____________________________
7 Vz days or m o r e ___________________________
7 days or m o re --------------------------------------6 V days or m o r e ___________________________
2
6 days or m o r e _____________________________
5 days or m o r e _____________________________
2 days or m o r e _____________________________
1 day or m o re_______________________________

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




-

-

-

1
1
2
15
16
60
60
76
76
89
89
95
95
95
96

1
1
4
20
21
83 '
83
93
94
99
99
100
100
100
100

2
2
2
19
19
71
71
91
91
91
91
93
93
93
93

-

1
1
1
29
36
69
69
94
99
99
99
100
100
100
100

~

-

1
1
28
28
65
65
85
85
85
88

-

15
15
31
32
54
55
73
76
78
78

-

.

1
2
4

1
2
4

15
16
54
56
85
86
95
95
98
98
98
99

17
18
83
85
93
95
98
98
99
99
99
99

1
1
1
33
33

n

76
76
97
97
97
97
99
99
99
99

-

2
2
3
12
22
54
54
83
85
95
98
100
100
100
100

-

40
40
78
78
97
97
97
98

1
1
1
4
11
11
18
21
92
92
99
99
100
100
100
100

-

14
14
14
45
46
59

60
80
81
92
93
95
95

34

T a b le
'P e

B -4 a .

Id e n tific a tio n

o f m a jo r p a id

h o lid a y s

of plantworkers and officew orkers in all in du stries and in industry divisions by paid holidays, P ittsbu rgh , P a. , Jan uary 1973)
Plantw orkers
Holiday

All w orkers-------------------------------------New Y e a r's D ay_____________________________
W ashington's Birthday_______________________
Good F rid a y ________________________________
E a ste r Monday______________________________
M em orial Day_______________________________
Fourth of July____________ -__________________
Labor Day___________________________________
V eterans Day________________________________
Election Day_________________________________
Thanksgiving Day___________________________
Day after Thanksgiving______________________
C h ristm as Eve_____________________________
C h ristm as E ve, half day_____________________
C h ristm as Day_________________________________________
New Year s E v e _____________________________
New Y e a r’ s Eve, half d a y __________________________
Floating holiday, 1 day 1 ___________________________
Fl oa ti ng holiday,

2 d a y s 12 -

----------------------

E m ployee's birth d ay________________________
E m ployee's an n iversary ___________________

See footnotes at end of tables,




Office w orkers

All
in dustries

Manu­
facturing

Public
utilities

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

95
16
68
3
95
93
95
19
3
95
46
45
1
96
4

100
14
92
4
100
96
100
12
3
100
74
71
1
100
6

93
81
68

100
9
66

85

76

1

2

18
3

11

8

n
5

-

93
93
93
54
9
93
8
18
93
-

7
5
15

Wholesale
trade

Retail
trade

Services

All
industries

-

100
100
100
58
12
100
19
32
6
100
9
-

18
-

43

-

3

2
88
1

4
78

98
38
76
2
99
99
99
20
3
99
40
31
5
99

-

2
3

41
9

28

-

-

5
85
85
85
18

37
-

73
76
76
17

-

-

85

76
10

8

~

3

16
4
5
(9)

Public
utilities

’ W holesale
trade

R etail
trade

Finance

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
14
89
4
99
99
99
12
1
99
73
63

99
89
79

100
13
65
100
100
100
58

98

95
84
87
2
100
100
100
4

93
14
58
92
93
93
23
14
93
27
21

7

-

Manu­
facturing

99
5
5
16
(9)
4

n

99
99
99
67
17
99
9
11

(9)

15
98
98
98
5

-

-

-

98
14

99

100
25
17
10
100

2
98

100
22
7
5
100

-

7
"

2

-

14

20
3
20

34
21
5

2
5

2

13

-

-

8

95
-

6
39
2

7

35

T a b le B -5 .

P a id v a c a tio n s

(P e r c e n t o f p la n tw o r k e r s and o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s b y v a c a tio n p ay p r o v is io n s , P it t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n u a ry 1973)

Plantw orkers
Vacation policy

Ail w orkers_____________________________

Officew orkers
Public
utilities

' Wholesale
trade

100

100

99
99
(9)

100
100
-

(9)

(9)

3
3
3
1

1
50
16
4

75
2
22
-

55
3
27
-

28
4
67
-

All
industries

Manu­
facturing

Public
utilities

Wholesale
trade

R etail
trade

Services

All
industries

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

98
91
6

99
89
10

93
93
-

100
95
5

99
99
"

85
85
-

99
99
(9)

2

1

7

-

1

15

4
9
1
(9)

4
4
1

11
31
5
-

8
18
2
3

3
11
-

47
10
37
*

51
5
43
-

25
5
69
-

Manu­
facturing

Retail
trade

Finance

Services

100

100

100

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100

100
100
-

*

-

-

*

-

_
70
4
5

5
30
19
-

_
52
9
7

3
23
-

1
45
45
5

_
20
17
3

14
1
81
2
1
1

6
88
1
2
3

24
4
72
-

14
86
-

54
46
-

3
91
6
-

22
78
-

29
4
51
2
-

3
91
3
2
1

1
93
1
2
3

3
91
3
3
*

6
94
“

12
88
-

-

89
6
5
-

8
85
7
-

9
89
2
-

25
4
52
4
-

2
93
3
3
-

98
2
-

10
90
-

89
6
5
-

7
86
7
-

-

1
91
3
3
(9)
3

_

-

2
91
3
2
(9)
1

-

-

9

18
4
59
4
-

2
91
3

1
91
2

_

4
88
7
-

100

Method of payment
Workers in establishm ents providing
paid vacations_____________________________
Length-of-tim e paym ent-----------------------Percentage payment______________________
Workers in establishm ents providing
no paid vacations___________________________
Amount of vacation pay 13
After 6 months of serv ice
Under 1 week________________________________
1 week______________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w eeks___________________
2 w eeks_____________________________________

n

After 1 year of serv ice
1 week ________________________ ____________
Over 1 and under 2 w eeks___________________
2 w eeks_____________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eek s___________________
3 w eeks_____________________________________
4 w eek s___________ ________________________

77
2
16
2
1
-

88

53
4
38
2
(9)
1

74
3
18
3
(9)
1

7
5
76
2
2

8
5
80
4
(’ )
(9)
1

7
7
79
5
(9)
(9)
1

3
2
78
8
2
-

6
94
-

7
4
81
4
(9)

6
6
81
5
(9)

( 9)

( 9)

3
2
78
8
2
-

1
94
5
-

1
6

3
1
-

After 2 y e a rs of serv ice
1 week--------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w eek s. _ __ ____________
2 w eeks_____________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eeks-------------------------3 w eeks_____________________________________
4 w eeks_____________________________________
After 3 y e a rs of serv ice
1 week--------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w eeks___________________
2 w eeks_____________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eeks___________________
3 w eeks_____________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w eeks___________________
4 w eeks_____________________________________
Over 5 and under 6 w eeks___________________
After 4 y e a rs of serv ice
1 week______________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w eeks___________________
2 w eeks_____________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eeks___________________
3 w eeks_____________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w eeks___________________
4 w e e k s_____________________________________
Over 5 and under 6 w eeks___________________

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




_

_

•

1

1

-

-

89
2
-

2
-

93
3

4

3

-

-

( 9)

( 9)

-

3

1

3

-

98
2
-

10
90
-

89
6
5

-

36

T a b le B -5 .

P a i d v a c a t i o n s ----- C o n t i n u e d

(Percent o f plan tw orkers and o ffic e w o rk e rs in a ll in du stries and in industry division s by vacation pay p r o v is io n s , P ittsb u rg h , P a , , January 197 3)

Plantw orkers
Vacation policy

All
industries

Manufacturing

Puolic
utilities

Officew orkers

Wholesale
trade

R etail
trade

Services

All
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities

' Wholesale
trade

Retail
trade

Finance

Services

Amount of vacation p a y 13— Continued
A fter 5 y e a rs of serv ice
i
(’ )
81
6
7
2
1

_
82
6
6
3
2

_

A fter 10 y e a rs of serv ice

4 w eek s---------------- --------- -----------------------

1
9
4
75
5
3
1

6
4
76
7
5
1

_

_
_

_

5

_

_

74
8
11

87
8
5

87
2
6

_

_
_
_
_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

2
82
8
2

19
1
71
8
2

_

_

5
15
2
78
_

(9)

3
4
65
5
8
-

3
24
10
43
5

(9)

_

_

-

84
3
13
-

_
87
3
10
-

1
96
3
-

80
2
12
6
-

2
51
8
39
-

2
93
3
3

38
53
4
5

1
14
• 86
(9)

88
6
6

2
12
3
61
21

79
2
15
2
(9)
1

75
1
19
2
(’ )
3

(9)
7
1
80
4
6
(9)
1

4
2
78
6
7
1
3

_

_

-

5
12
2
81

3
19
8
51
5
-

(9)
5
1
80
5
7
(9)
1

_

-

4
2
77
6
7
1
3

2
89
6
3
-

3
9

(9)
2

_

_

_

(9)

(9)

-

60

71
4
21
1
1
1
(9)

58
4
33
1
1
3
1

76
3
17
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
12
87
(9)
-

88
6
6
-

2
12
3
61

1
10

-

-

2
7

84

85
7
8

25

-

-

-

75
18
2
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

A fter 12 y e a rs of serv ice
_

_

1
7
3
74
7
4
1

6
4
75
9
5
1

2
79
10
2
_

-

i
2
(9)

-

-

-

65
7
22
5
1
(9)

59
3
24
8

59
5
23
3
10

_

_

-

_

11
1
58
11
19
_

-

(9)
-

25
2
56
4
14
-

21
-

A fter 15 y e a rs of serv ice
2 w eeks--------------------- ----------------------------

5
21
4
1
(’ )

5
8
2
65
-

20

-

14

5

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

3
5

(9)
2

_

_

(9)

(9)

-

1
10

-

-

-

-

-

10
2
65
7
11

4

24

85
3
8

62

-

-

23
1
62
3
8

66

_

-

“
-

-

-

2
6

8

60

37

82

40

34

A fter 20 y e a rs of serv ic e
1
2
(9)
38
2
40
7
6
1
(9)

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




_

-

_

_

_

_

52
4
25
10
6
1
1

2

13

5
8
2
15

-

-

-

-

75
8
9

44
-

70

69

20

-

-

-

17
-

(9)

13

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(9)
1

_

“

-

-

1

-

-

14

(9)

-

-

21

-

*

-

3

-

-

“

37

T a b le B -5 .

P a i d v a c a t i o n s ----- C o n t i n u e d

( P e r c e n t o f p la n tw o r k e r s and o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s b y v a c a tio n p ay p r o v is io n s , P it t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n u a ry 1973)

Vacation policy

Plantw orkers
All
industries

Manu­
facturing

Public
utilities

Officew orkers

Wholesale
trade

R etail
trade

Services

All
industries

Manu­
facturing

Public
utilities

'W holesale
trade

R etail
trade

Finance

Services

Amount of vacation pay 13— Continued
After 25 y e a rs of serv ice
1 week______________________________________
2 w eeks_____________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eek s___________________
3 w eek s_____________________________________
4 w eeks_____________________________________
Over 4 and under 5 w eeks___________________
5 w eeks_____________________________________
Over 5 and under 6 w eeks_________________ _
6 w eeks_____________________________________
Over 6 weeks________________________________

i
2
(9)
8
59
4
19
1
3
(9)

_

_

4
69
5
16
2
3
(9)

38
8
39
9
*

4
49
5
36
5
-

5
8
2
13
53
18
-

3
5
42
22
13
-

(9)
2
15
56
2
23
(9)
1
1

1
2
(9)
8
51
4
25
1
4
1

4
59
5
22
1
5
2

_
22
8
55
9
-

_
4
48
5
37
5

5
8
2
13
53
18
-

3
5
42
12
23
-

(9)
2
13
50
1
29
3
1

5
8
2
13
53

3
5
42
12

5

-

-

37

18

23

5

-

-

(9)
2
13
50
1
29

_

(9)

_
n

5
60
4
25
(9)
1
3

4
31
3
62
(9)
-

(9)
5
51
2
31
-

_
(9)
4
13
3
80
(9)

_

_

23
47
25
5
-

i
10
8
78
4
-

_
35
59
1
5
*

2
6
36
35
21
-

26

2
6
36
15
41
-

After 30 y e a rs of serv ice
1 week______________________________________
2 w eeks_____________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eeks___________________
3 w eeks_____________________________________
4 w eeks_____________________________________
Over 4 and under 5 w eeks___________________
5 w eeks_____________________________________
Over 5 and under 6 w eek s__ ______________
6 w e e k s_____________________________________
Over 6 weeks___________________ ________ ___

6

3

_
23
46
26
5
-

1
10
8
78
4
-

_

1
10
8
78

67

-

7

-

Maximum vacation available
1 w e e k -------------------------------------------------2 w eeks_____________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eeks-------------------------3 w eeks_____________________________________
4 w eeks------------------------------------------------Over 4 and under 5 w eeks-------------------------5 w eeks_____________________________________
Over 5 and under 6 w eeks-------------------------6 w eeks_____________________________________
Over 6 weeks________________________________

See footnotes at end o f ta b les.




1
2
(9)
8
51
4
25
1
5
1

_

_

_

4
59

-

4
48

5
22

1
6
2

22

8
55
-

9

_

_

(9)
5
51
31

(9)
4
13
3
80

-

-

-

3

7
3

(9)

2

2

23
46
26
5

"

4
-

-

26
66
6
-

1

2
6

36
15
-

41
-

T a b le B -6 .

H e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s io n p la n s

(P e r c e n t of plan tw orkers and o ffic e w o rk e r s in a ll in d u stries and in in du stry d ivision s em ployed in establish m ents provid ing
health insurance, or pension ben efits, Pittsbu rgh , P a ., January 1973)
Pla n tw o rk ers
Type of b en efit and
financing 1
4

A l l w o r k e r s ________________

______

A ll
in du strie s

______

W ork ers in establish m ents p rovid in g at
lea st 1 of the ben efits shown b e lo w ---------------

Manu­
facturing

100

100

Public
u tilities

O ffic e w o rk e r s
Manu­
factu rin g

Pu blic
u tilitie s

W holesale
trade

R eta il
trade

S ervic es

A ll
industries

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

'h olesa le
trade

R eta il
trade

100

F inane e

S ervic es

100

100

95

100

93

100

86

76

98

100

100

100

87

100

94

L ife in su ra n c e------------------------------------------N on con tribu tory p la n s --------------------------A ccid e n ta l death and dism em b erm en t
in su rance-----------------------------------------------N on con tribu tory p la n s_____________________
Sickness and accident insurance or
sick lea ve or both 15------ ---- ----------------------

94
87

100
96

93
78

93
84

86
72

60
52

97
74

99
88

98
71

92
80

87
61

100
57

88
76

54
48

40
37

70
67

81
78

81
65

56
50

53
44

51
44

57
55

86
76

84
47

27
19

74
70

90

99

74

95

81

51

83

90

97

89

82

65

70

Sickness and accident in su rance------------N on con tribu tory p la n s----------------------Sick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w aiting p e rio d )-----------------------------------Sick lea ve (p a rtia l pay or
w aiting p e rio d )------------------------------------

82
79

99
98

36
31

84
81

59
53

50
44

53
49

77
76

22
15

66
59

42
40

33
22

49
40

10

2

33

32

20

17

64

74

91

65

24

55

42

4

-

17

12

11

2

6

-

(’ )

8

22

9

14

L o n g -te rm d is a b ility in su ran ce-----------------N on con tribu tory p la n s--------------------------H o sp ita liza tio n in su ran ce--------------------------N on con tribu tory p la n s--------------------------S u rgica l in su rance------------------------------------N on con tribu tory p la n s--------------------------M ed ica l in su ra n c e------------------------------------N on con tribu tory p la n s--------------------------M a jo r m e d ic a l in su ra n c e_____________________
N on con tribu tory p la n s--------------------------Dental in su ra n c e------------------------------------N on con tribu tory p la n s_____________________
R etirem en t pension-----------------------------------N on con tribu tory p la n s_____________________

19
15
93
85
93
85
80
73
74
66
5
4
87
82

20
18
93
85
93
85
84
80
89
85
24
24
73
65

23
17
94
91
94
91
91
88
89
86
26
26
84
82

12
83
64
83
64
63
48
42
20
9
4
75
64

15
9
58
42
56
40
53
37
45
33
2
2
41
38

38
30
96
80
96
80
90
76
88
71
6
4
91
81

43
39
99
89
99
89
95
83
91
80
4
3
96
90

17
11
100
99
100
99
98
98
100
99
16
16
82
64

30
21
98
86
98
86
96
85
96
83

42
4
85
43
85
43
52
31
49
7
17
2
86
50

42
40
98
77
95
77
95
77
95
69
5

39
27
81
58
81
58
79
56
80
58

-

-

98
95

72
68

See footn otes at end of tables




22
21
100
96
100
96
87
83
85
81
1
(’ )
98
95

-

79
77

-

39

Footnotes
A l l of th es e

s tan da rd fo o tn o te s m a y not ap p ly to this bulle tin.

1
Standar d hours r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of pay f o r o v e r t i m e
at r e g u l a r and/or p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2
T h e m e a n is c om p ute d f o r eac h jo b by t o ta lin g the e a r n in g s of a l l w o r k e r s and d iv id in g by the n u m b er o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n
d e s ig n a te s p o s itio n — h a l f of the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e than the r a te shown; h a lf r e c e i v e l e s s than the r a te shown.
The m iddle
r a n g e is d e fin e d by 2 r a t e s of pay; a fourth of the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than the l o w e r of th e s e r a t e s and a fo u r th e a r n m o r e than the h ig h e r r a te .
3
E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m pay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k ©n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and la te shifts .
4
T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e to f o r m a l l y e s ta b l i s h e d m i n i m u m s ta r tin g ( h i r i n g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s that a r e paid f o r standard
w orkweeks.
5
E x c lu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l jo b s such as m e s s e n g e r .
6
Data a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l sta ndard w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , and f o r the m o s t c o m m o n standa rd w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .
7
In clu des a l l p l a n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n t l y o p e r a ti n g la te s h ifts , and e s t a b lis h m e n ts w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r late
s h ifts , e v e n though the e s ta b lis h m e n ts w e r e not c u r r e n t l y op e r a tin g l a te s h if ts .
8
L e s s than 0.05 p e r c e n t.
9
L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.
10 A l l c o m b in a tio n s of f u ll and h a lf days that add to the s a m e amount a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , the p r o p o r t i o n of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a
t o ta l of 9 days in clu d es th ose w ith 9 f u ll days and no ha lf d a y s, 8 f u l l days and 2 h a lf d a y s , 7 f u ll days and 4 h a lf d a y s , and so on. P r o p o r t i o n s
then w e r e cum ula te d.
11 T h e s e days a r e p r o v i d e d as p a r t of a C h r i s t m a s —N e w Y e a r h o lid a y p e r i o d w h ich t y p i c a l l y b egin s with C h r i s t m a s E v e and ends with
N e w Y e a r ' s Day. Such a h o lid ay p e r i o d is c o m m o n in the a u t o m o b i l e , a e r o s p a c e , and f a r m i m p l e m e n t i n d u s tr i e s . B e c a u s e of y e a r - t o - y e a r
v a r i a t i o n in the nu m b er of w o r k d a y s durin g the p e r i o d , pay f o r a Sunday in D e c e m b e r , f r e q u e n t l y r e f e r r e d to as a "bonus h o l i d a y , " m a y be
p r o v i d e d to e q u a l i z e each y e a r ' s t o ta l h o lid ay pay.
12 " F l o a t i n g " ho lid a ys v a r y f r o m y e a r to y e a r a c c o r d i n g to e m p l o y e r or e m p l o y e e c h o i c e .
13 Inc lu d e s p ay m e n ts other than " l e n g t h of t i m e , " such as p e r c e n t a g e of annual e a r n i n g s or f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to an e q u iv a le n t
t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , 2 p e r c e n t of annual e a r n in g s w as c o n s i d e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay. P e r i o d s of s e r v i c e a r e cho se n a r b i t r a r i l y and do not
n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t in d iv id u al p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n ; f o r e x a m p l e , chan ges in p r o p o r t i o n s at 10 y e a r s in clude changes b e tw e e n 5 and 10
y e a r s . E s t i m a t e s a r e c u m u la tiv e . T h u s , the p r o p o r t i o n e l i g i b l e f o r at l e a s t 3 w e e k s ' pay a f t e r 10 y e a r s in clud es th ose e l i g i b l e f o r at l e a s t 3
w e e k s ' pay a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
14 E s t i m a t e s l i s t e d a f t e r ty pe of b e n e fit a r e f o r a l l plans f o r w h ic h at l e a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b or n e by the e m p l o y e r . " N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y
p l a n s " include only th os e fin a n c ed e n t i r e l y by the e m p l o y e r .
E x c lu d e d a r e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d p la ns, such as w o r k m e n ' s c o m p en s a tio n , s o c i a l
s e c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
1
Unduplicated to ta l of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s ic k l e a v e or s i c k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e shown s e p a r a t e l y b e l o w . Sick l e a v e plans a r e
l i m i t e d to th os e wh ic h d e f i n i t e l y e s t a b l i s h at l e a s t the m i n i m u m nu m b e r of d a y s ' pay that eac h e m p l o y e e can e x p e c t.
In fo rm a l sick le a ve
a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d on an in d iv id u a l b a s is a r e e x clud ed .







Appendix. Occupational Descriptions
The p r im a ry purpose o f p rep a rin g job d escrip tio n s fo r the Bu reau's w age su rveys is to a ssist its fie ld sta ff in c la s s ify in g into appropriate
occupations w ork ers who a re em ployed under a v a rie ty o f p a y ro ll title s and d iffe re n t w ork arran gem en ts fro m establish m ent to establishm ent and
fro m a rea to a rea .
Th is p erm its the grouping o f occupational wage rates re p resen tin g com parable jo b content. Because o f this em phasis on
in teresta b lish m en t and in te ra rea co m p a ra b ility o f occupational content, the Bu reau's job d es crip tio n s m ay d iffe r sig n ific a n tly fro m those in use in
individual establish m ents o r those p rep a red fo r oth er pu rposes. In applying these job d es crip tio n s , the Bu reau's fie ld econ om ists a re instructed
to exclude w orking s u p erviso rs; apprentices: le a rn e r s ; beginn ers; tra in e e s ; and handicapped, p a rt-tim e , tem p o ra ry , and probationary w o rk ers.

O F F IC E
C L E R K , A C C O U N TIN G — Continued

B IL L E R , M A C H IN E
P r e p a re s statem en ts, b ills , and in voic es on a m achine oth er than an o rd in a ry o r e le c tr o m a tic ty p e w rite r. M ay also keep re c o rd s as to billin gs o r shipping ch a rges o r p e rfo rm other
c le r ic a l w ork incidental to b illin g o p era tio n s. F o r w age study purposes, b ille r s , m achine, a re
c la s s ifie d by type o f m ach in e, as fo llo w s :
B ille r , machine (b illin g m a c h in e ). U ses a special b illin g m achine (com bination typing
and adding m achine) to p re p a re b ills and in voic es fro m cu sto m ers' purchase o rd e r s , in te r ­
n ally p rep a red o rd e r s , shipping m em orandum s, etc. U su ally in volv es application o f p r e ­
determ in ed discounts and shipping ch a rges and en try o f n ecess a ry exten sion s, which m ay o r
m a y not be computed on the b illin g m achine, and totals which are au tom a tica lly accumulated
by m achine. The opera tion u su ally in volv es a la rg e number o f carbon co pies o f the b ill being
p rep a red and is often done on a fan fold m achine.
B ille r , m achine (bookkeeping m a ch in e). U ses a bookkeeping m achine (with o r without
a ty p e w r ite r keyboard) to p re p a re cu sto m ers' b ills as part o f the accounts re c e iv a b le o p e ra ­
tion. G en era lly in volv es the sim ultaneous en try o f fig u res on cu sto m ers' le d g e r re c o r d . The
machine a u tom a tica lly accum ulates fig u res on a number o f v e r tic a l columns and computes
and usually prints a u tom atically the debit o r cred it balances. Does not in volv e a know l­
edge o f bookkeeping.
W orks fr o m uniform and standard types o f sales and c r e d it slip s.
B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O perates a bookkeeping m achine (with o r without a ty p e w r ite r keyboard) to keep a re c o rd
o f business tran saction s.
C lass A . Keeps a set o f re co rd s re q u irin g a knowledge o f and ex p erien ce in basic
bookkeeping p rin cip les, and fa m ilia r it y with the stru ctu re o f the p a rticu la r accounting system
used. D eterm in es p rop er re co rd s and distribu tion o f debit and cred it item s to be used in each
phase o f the w ork. M ay p rep a re consolidated re p o rts , balance sheets, and oth er re co rd s
by hand.
C la ss B. Keeps a re c o rd o f one o r m o re phases o r sections o f a set o f re co rd s usually
re q u irin g little knowledge of basic bookkeeping. Phases o r sections include accounts payable,
p a y ro ll, cu sto m ers' accounts (not including a sim p le type o f b illin g d es c rib e d under b ille r ,
m ach in e), cost distribu tion , expense distribu tion , in ven to ry co n trol, etc. M ay check o r a ssist
in prep a ra tion o f tr ia l balances and p rep a re co n trol sheets fo r the accounting departm ent.
C L E R K , A C C O U N TIN G
P e r fo r m s one o r m o re accounting c le r ic a l tasks such as posting to r e g is te r s and le d g e rs ;
re con cilin g bank accounts; v e r ify in g the in tern al consistency, com pleten ess, and m ath em atical
accu ra cy o f accounting documents; assignin g p r e s c r ib e d accounting distribu tion codes; exam ining
and v e r ify in g fo r c le r ic a l a ccu racy va riou s types o f re p o r ts , lis t s , calcu lation s, posting, etc.;
o r p rep a rin g sim ple o r a ssistin g in p rep a rin g m o re co m plicated journal vou ch ers. M ay w ork
in eith er a manual o r automated accounting system .
The w ork re q u ire s a know ledge o f c le r ic a l methods and o ffic e p ra c tic es and procedu res
which re la tes to the c le r ic a l p ro ce ssin g and re co rd in g o f tran saction s and accounting in form ation .
With ex p erien c e, the w o rk er ty p ic a lly becom es fa m ilia r with the bookkeeping and accounting term s
and procedu res used in the assigned w ork, but is not requ ired to have a knowledge o f the fo rm a l
p rin cip les o f bookkeeping and accounting.




P o sitio n s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the basis o f the fo llow in g definitions.
C la ss A . Under gen era l su pervision , p e rfo rm s accounting c le r ic a l operations which
re q u ire the application o f ex p erien ce and judgm ent, fo r exam ple, c le r ic a lly processin g co m ­
p lica ted o r n on rep etitive accounting tran saction s, selectin g among a substantial v a r ie ty o f
p re s c r ib e d accounting codes and cla ssifica tio n s, o r tra cin g transactions through previou s
accounting actions to determ in e sou rce o f d isc rep a n cies. M ay be assisted by one o r m o re
cla ss B accounting c le rk s .
C lass B . Under clo s e su pervision, fo llow in g detailed instructions and standardized p r o ­
ced u res, p e rfo rm s one o r m o re routine accounting c le r ic a l o peration s, such as posting to
le d g e rs , card s, o r w orksh eets w here iden tification o f item s and locations of postings a re
c le a r ly indicated; checking accu ra cy and com pleteness o f standardized and re p etitive re cord s
o r accounting documents; and coding documents using a few p res c rib e d accounting codes.
C L E R K , F IL E
F ile s , c la s s ifie s , and r e tr ie v e s m a te ria l in an establish ed filin g system . M ay p erfo rm
c le r ic a l and manual tasks requ ired to m aintain file s . Po sition s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the
basis o f the fo llo w in g definitions.
C la ss A . C la s s ifie s and indexes file m a te ria l such as correspon d en ce, re p o rts, tech ­
nical docum ents, etc., in an established filin g system containing a number o f va ried subject
m a tter file s . M ay also file this m a te r ia l. M ay keep re co rd s o f variou s types in conjunction
with the file s .
M ay lead a sm all group o f lo w e r le v e l file c le rk s .
C la ss B . S orts, codes, and file s
ings o r p a rtly c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l by
c r o s s - r e fe r e n c e aids. A s requ ested,
w ards m a te r ia l. M ay p e r fo rm re la ted

u n classified m a te r ia l by sim ple (su bject m a tter) head­
fin er subheadings. P r e p a re s sim ple related index and
locates c le a r ly iden tified m a teria l in file s and f o r ­
c le r ic a l tasks requ ired to m aintain and s e r v ic e file s .

C lass C . P e r fo r m s routine filin g o f m a te ria l that has a lrea d y been c la s s ifie d o r which
is e a s ily c la s s ifie d in a sim ple s e r ia l cla s s ific a tio n system (e .g ., alphabetical, ch ron ologica l,
o r n u m eric a l). A s requ ested, lo ca tes re a d ily a va ilable m a te r ia l in file s and forw a rds m a ­
t e r ia l; and m ay f i l l out w ithdraw al ch arge. M ay p e rfo rm sim ple c le r ic a l and manual tasks
re q u ired to m aintain and s e r v ic e file s .
C L E R K , O RDER
R e c e iv e s cu sto m ers' o rd e rs fo r m a te r ia l o r m erch an dise by m a il, phone, or p erso n a lly.
Duties in vo lv e any com bination o f the fo llo w in g : Quoting p ric e s to cu stom ers; making out an o rd e r
sheet listin g the item s to m ake up the o rd e r; checking p ric e s and quantities o f item s on o rd e r
sheet; and distribu tin g o rd e r sheets to re s p e c tiv e departm ents to be fille d . M ay check with cred it
departm ent to determ in e c r e d it rating o ( cu stom er, acknow ledge re ceip t of o rd e rs from cu stom ers,
fo llo w up o rd e r s to see that they have been fille d , keep file o f o rd e rs re c e iv e d , and check shipping
in voic es with o rig in a l o rd e r s .
CLERK, P A Y R O L L
Computes w ages o f company em p loyees and en ters the n ece s s a ry data on the p a yroll
sheets. Duties in volv e: C alcu lating w o r k e r s ' earnings based on tim e o r production re c o rd s ; and
posting calcu lated data on p a y ro ll sheet, showing in form a tion such as w o r k e r 's name, w orking
days, tim e , ra te, deductions fo r in su rance, and total w ages due. M ay m ake out paychecks and
a s s is t pa ym a ster in m aking up and d istribu tin g pay en velopes. M ay use a calcu lating m achine.

N O T E : Since the la st su rv ey in this a re a , the Bureau has (1) discontinued c o llectin g data fo r C om p tom eter o p era to rs, (2) changed
the e le c tro n ic s technicians c la s s ific a tio n fr o m a sin gle le v e l to a three le v e l job, and (3) begun c o llectin g data fo r w arehousem en.

41

42
KEYPU NC H O PER ATO R

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

O perates a keypunch m achine to re c o r d
tabulating cards o r on tape.

o r v e r ify

alphabetic

and/or num eric

data on

P o sition s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the basis o f the fo llo w in g definitions.
C lass A . W ork re q u ire s the application o f e x p erien c e and judgm ent in sele ctin g p r o c e ­
dures to be fo llow ed and in search in g fo r , in te rp retin g , sele ctin g , o r coding item s to be
keypunched fr o m a v a rie ty o f sou rce docum ents. On o cca sio n m ay also p e r fo rm som e routine
keypunch w ork.
M ay tra in in exp erien ced keypunch o p era to rs.

N O T E : The te rm "c o rp o ra te o ffic e r , " used in the le v e l definitions fo llow in g, r e fe r s to
those o ffic ia ls who have a sign ifican t c o rp o ra te -w id e policym aking ro le with re g a rd to m a jo r
company a c tiv itie s . The title " v ic e p r e s id e n t ," though n orm a lly in dicative o f this r o le , does not
in a ll cases id en tify such position s. V ic e p resid en ts whose p r im a ry re s p o n sib ility is to act p e r ­
son a lly on individual ca ses o r tran saction s (e .g ., approve o r deny individual loan o r c r e d it actions;
a d m in ister individual tru st accounts; d ir e c t ly su p ervise a c le r ic a l sta ff) a re not con sid ered to be
"c o rp o ra te o ffic e r s " fo r purposes o f applying the fo llow in g le v e l d efin itio n s.
C la ss A

a ll,
C la ss B . W ork is routine and re p e titiv e . Under c lo s e su p ervisio n o r fo llo w in g s p e cific
procedu res o r in stru ction s, w orks fr o m va rio u s standardized sou rce documents which have
been coded, and fo llow s s p e cified proced u res which have been p r e s c r ib e d in d eta il and re q u ire
little o r no sele ctin g , coding, o r in te rp retin g o f data to be re cord ed . R e fe rs to su p erviso r
problem s a ris in g fro m erron eou s item s o r codes o r m is sin g in form ation .

1. S e c re ta ry to the chairm an o f the board o r p residen t o f a company that em ploys, in
o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5,000 p e r s o n s ; o r

2. S e c re ta ry to a co rp o ra te o ffic e r (oth er than the chairm an o f the board o r p residen t)
o f a company that em p loy s, in a ll, o v e r 5,000 but fe w e r than 25,000 p erso n s; or
3. S e c re ta r y to the head, im m e d ia te ly below the co rp o ra te o ffic e r le v e l,
segm ent o r su bsid iary o f a com pany that em p loys, in a ll, o v e r 25,000 p erso n s.

o f a m a jo r

C la ss B

MESSENGER (O ffic e Boy o r G irl)

1. S e c re ta r y to the ch airm an o f the board o r p residen t o f a company that em ploys, in
fe w e r than 100 p ers o n s ; o r

P e r fo r m s va riou s routine duties such as running erra n d s, o peratin g m in o r o ffic e m a ­
chines such as s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , opening and distrib u tin g m a il, and other m in o r c le r ic a l w ork.
Exclude positions that re q u ire opera tion o f a m o to r ve h ic le as a significan t duty.

a il,

SECRETARY

3. S e c re ta r y to the head, im m e d ia te ly below the o ffic e r le v e l, o v e r eith er a m a jo r
co rp o ra te -w id e functional a c tiv ity (e .g ., m a rk etin g , resea rch , o p era tio n s, indu strial r e la tion s, etc .) o r a m a jo r geogra ph ic o r o rga n iza tio n a l segm ent (e .g ., a re gio n a l h eadquarters;
a m a jo r d ivis ion ) o f a company that em p loys, in a ll, o v e r 5,000 but few er than 25,000
em p lo y e e s ; or

A ssig n ed as person a l s e c re ta ry , n o rm a lly to one in dividu al. M aintains a clo s e and high ly
re sp o n sive relatio n sh ip to the d a y -to -d a y w ork o f the su p e rv is o r. W orks fa ir ly independently r e ­
ceiv in g a m inim um o f deta iled su p ervisio n and guidance. P e r fo r m s v a rie d c le r ic a l and s e c r e ta r ia l
duties, usually including m o st o f the fo llo w in g :

a. R e c e iv e s telephone c a lls , person a l c a lle r s , and incom ing m a il,
in qu ires, and rou tes tech nical in q u iries to the p ro p e r persons;

answ ers

b.

E sta b lish es, m ain tain s,

c.

R ela y s m e ssa ges fr o m su p e rv is o r to subordinates;

4. S e c re ta r y to the head o f an in dividu al plant, fa c to ry , etc. (o r other equ ivalent le v e l
o f o ffic ia l) that em p loys, in a ll, o v e r 5,000 p erso n s; or
5. S e c re ta r y to the head o f a la rg e and im portan t o rga n izatio n a l segm ent (e .g ., a m iddle
m anagem ent s u p erviso r o f an orga n izatio n a l segm ent often in volvin g as many as s e v e ra l
hundred p erso n s) o r a company that em p loys, in a ll, o v e r 25,000 p e r s o n s .

M aintains the s u p e r v is o r's calen dar and m akes appointm ents as in stru cted;

d.

routine

2. S e c re ta r y to a co rp o ra te o ffic e r (o th er than the chairm an o f the board o r presiden t)
o f a company that em ploys, in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5,000 p e rs o n s ; o r

and re v is e s the s u p e r v is o r's file s ;
C la ss C

e.
R ev iew s co rresp o n d en ce, m em orandum s, and re p orts p rep a red
s u p e r v is o r's signatu re to assu re p roced u ra l and typographic a ccu racy;
f.

by others fo r the

1. S e c re ta r y to an ex ecu tive o r m a n a geria l person whose re s p o n s ib ility is not equ ivalent
to one o f the sp e c ific le v e l situations in the definition fo r cla ss B, but whose orga n ization a l
unit n o rm a lly num bers at le a s t s e v e ra l dozen em p loyees and is u su ally divid ed into o rg a n iz a ­
tion al segm ents which a re often, in turn, fu rth er subdivided. In som e com pan ies, this le v e l
includes a w ide range o f o rga n izatio n a l echelons; in oth ers, on ly one o r two: or
2. S e c re ta r y to the head o f an individual plant, fa cto ry , etc. (o r oth er equ ivalent le v e l
o f o ffic ia l) that em ploys, in a ll, fe w e r than 5,000 p e rs o n s .

P e r fo r m s stenographic and typing w ork.

May also p e r fo rm oth er c le r ic a l and s e c r e t a r ia l tasks o f com parable nature and d ifficu lty .
The w ork ty p ic a lly re q u ires know ledge o f o ffic e routine and understanding o f the orga n ization ,
p r o g ra m s , and proced u res re la ted to the w ork o f the su p erviso r.

Exclu sions
Not a ll position s that a re title d " s e c r e t a r y " p o ssess the above c h a ra c te ris tic s .
o f position s which a re excluded fr o m the definition a re as fo llo w s:

Exam ples

C la ss D
1. S e c re ta r y to the s u p erviso r o r head o f a sm all o rga n izatio n a l unit (e .g ., fe w e r than
about 25 o r 30 p erso n s); ojr
2. S e c re ta r y to a n on su p erviso ry sta ff sp e cia list, p ro fe s s io n a l em p loy ee, a d m in istra ­
tiv e o ffic e r , o r a ssistan t, sk ille d technician o r ex p ert.
(N O T E : Many com panies assign
sten ogra ph ers, ra th er than s e c r e ta r ie s as d e s crib e d above, to this le v e l o f s u p erviso ry o r
n on su p erviso ry w o r k e r .)
STENOGRAPHER

a.

P o sition s

which do

not m eet the

"p e r s o n a l"

s e c re ta ry

b.

concept d e s crib e d

above;

S tenographers not fu lly tra in ed in s e c r e ta r ia l type duties;

c.
S tenographers servin g as o ffic e a ssistan ts to a group o f p ro fe ssio n a l, tech n ical, or
m a n a geria l persons;
d. S e c re ta r y positions in which the duties a re eith er substantially m o re routine o r
substantially m o re com plex and resp o n sib le than those ch a ra cteriz ed in the definition;

P r im a r y duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to tra n s c rib e the dictation . May
a lso type fr o m w ritten copy. M ay o p era te fr o m a stenographic pool. M ay o cca sio n a lly tra n scrib e
fro m v o ic e re cord in gs ( i f p r im a ry duty is tra n s c rib in g fr o m re c o r d in g s , see T ra n scrib in g-M a ch in e
O p era to r, G en era l).
N O T E : Th is jo b is distingu ished fro m that o f a s e c r e ta r y in that a s e c re ta ry n o rm a lly
w orks in a con fiden tial relatio n sh ip with only one m an ager o r ex ecu tive and p e rfo rm s m o re
resp o n sib le and d is c re tio n a ry tasks as d e s crib e d in the s e c r e ta r y jo b defin ition .
S tenographer, G en eral

e. A ssista n t type position s which in volve m o re d iffic u lt o r m o re resp o n sib le tech ­
n ica l, a d m in istra tive, su p e rv is o ry , o r sp e cia lize d c le r ic a l duties which a re not typ ic a l o f
s e c r e t a r ia l w ork.
«




D ictation in volves a n orm al routine voca b u la ry. May m aintain file s , keep sim ple r e c o r d s ,
o r p e r fo rm oth er r e la t iv e ly routine c le r ic a l tasks.

43
STENOGRAPHER— Continued

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (E lectric Accounting Machine Operator)— Continued

Stenographer, Senior
Dictation involves a varied technical or sp ecialized vocabulary such a s in legal briefs
or reports on scien tific rese arc h . May also set up and m aintain file s, keep reco rd s, etc.
OR
P erfo rm s stenographic duties requiring significantly greater independence and respon ­
sibility than stenographer, general, as evidenced by the following: Work requ ires a high
degree of stenographic speed and accu racy: a thorough working knowledge of general bu sin ess
and office procedure: and of the sp ecific bu sin ess operations, organization, p o licie s, p ro ce ­
d u res, file s, workflow, etc. U ses this knowledge in perform ing stenographic duties and
responsible c le ric al task s such a s m aintaining followup file s; assem bling m ate rial for rep orts,
m em orandum s, and le tte rs: com posing sim ple le tters from general in struction s; reading and
routing incoming m ail: and answering routine questions, etc.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
C la ss A . O perates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office c a lls. P erfo rm s full telephone information serv ice or handles
com plex c a lls, such a s conference, collect, o v e rse a s, or sim ilar c a lls , either in addition to
doing routine work as d escribed for switchboard operator, c la ss B, or a s a full-tim e
assignm ent. ("F u ll" telephone inform ation serv ic e occurs when the establishm ent has varied
functions that are not readily understandable for telephone information p u rp oses, e .g ., because
of overlapping or interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problem s as to
which extensions are appropriate for c a lls.)
C la ss B . O perates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office c a lls . May handle routine lon gdistan ce ca lls and record tolls.
May perform lim ited telephone information serv ic e . ("L im ite d " telephone information serv ice
occurs if the functions of the establishm ent serv iced are readily understandable for telephone
information p urp o ses, or if the requ ests are routine, e .g ., giving extension num bers when
specific names are furnished, or if com plex c alls are referred to another operator.)
These c la ssific a tio n s do not include switchboard o p erators in telephone com panies who
a s s i s t custo m ers in placing c a lls.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to perform ing duties of operator on a single-position or m onitor-type switch­
board, acts a s receptionist and m ay also type or perform routine c le rical work as part of regu lar
duties. This typing or c le ric al work m ay take the m ajor part of this w ork er's tim e while at
switchboard,
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (E lectric Accounting Machine Operator)
O perates one or a variety of m achines such as the tabulator, calculator, collator, in ter­
p rete r, so rte r, reproducing punch, etc. Excluded from this definition are working su p e rv iso rs.
Also excluded are operators of electronic digital com puters, even though they m ay also operate
EAM equipment.

P ositions are cla ssifie d into levels on the b a sis of the following definitions.
C la ss A. P erform s complete reporting and tabulating assignm ents including devising
difficult control panel wiring under general supervision. Assignm ents typically involve a
variety of long and com plex rep orts which often are irreg u lar or nonrecurring, requiring
some planning of the nature and sequencing of operations, and the use of a variety of m a ­
chines. Is typically involved in training new operators in machine operations or training
lower level op erators in wiring from d iagram s and in the operating sequences of long and
com plex rep o rts. Does not include positions in which wiring responsibility is lim ited to
selection and insertion of prew ired boards.
C la ss B . P erform s work according to established procedures and under specific in­
stru ctions. A ssignm ents typically involve complete but routine and recurring reports or p arts
of la rg e r and m ore complex rep o rts. O perates m ore difficult tabulating or ele ctrical a c ­
counting m achines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the sim pler machines
used by c la ss C op erators. May be required to do some wiring from diagram s. May train
new em ployees in basic machine operations.
C la ss C . Under specific in struction s, operates sim ple tabulating or electrical accounting
m achines such as the so rte r, in terp reter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. Assignm ents
typically involve portions of a work unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs,
or repetitive operations. May perform sim ple wiring from d iag ram s, and do some filing work.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
P rim ary duty is to tran scrib e dictation involving a norm al routine vocabulary from
tran scribing-m achine reco rd s. May also type from written copy and do sim ple c le rical work.
W orkers tran scrib in g dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as
legal b riefs or rep orts on scientific rese arch are not included. A worker who takes dictation
in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine is c la ssifie d as a stenographer.
TYPIST
U se s a typew riter to make copies of various m ate rials or to make out bills after ca lcu la­
tions have been made by another person. May include typing of sten cils, m ats, or sim ilar m ate ­
r ia ls for use in duplicating p r o c e sse s. May do c le rical work involving little special training, such
a s keeping sim ple reco rd s, filing record s and rep orts, or sorting and distributing incoming m ail.
C la ss A. P erform s one or m ore of the following: Typing m aterial in final form when
it involves combining m aterial from sev eral so u rces: or responsibility for correct spelling,
syllabication, punctuation, e tc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language m ate­
rial; or planning layout and typing of com plicated statistical tab les to m aintain uniformity
and balance in spacing. May type routine form le tte rs, varying d etails to suit circum stan ces.
C la ss B . P erform s one or m ore of the following: Copy typing from rough or clear
d rafts; or routine typing of form s, insurance p o licies, etc.; or setting up sim ple standard
tabulations; or copying m ore com plex tables already set up and spaced properly.

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
COMPUTER OPERATOR
Monitors and operates the control console of a digital computer to p ro ce ss data according
to operating in struction s, usually prepared by a p ro g ram er. Work includes m ost of the following:
Studies instructions to determine equipment setup and operations; loads equipment with required
item s (tape re e ls, ca rd s, etc.); switches n e c e ssa ry auxiliary equipment into circu it, and sta rts
and operates com puter; m akes adjustm ents to computer to c o rrect operating problem s and m eet
sp ecial conditions; reviews e rr o r s made during operation and determ ines cause or re fe r s problem
to su p erv iso r or p ro gram er; and m aintains operating re c o rd s. May test and a s s is t in correcting
program .
F or wage study p urp o ses, com puter o p erato rs are c la ssifie d as follows:

COMPUTER OPERATOR— Continued
of new p ro g ram s required; alternate p ro g ram s are provided in ca se original program needs
m ajor change or cannot be corrected within a reasonable tim e. In common e rro r situ a­
tions, diagnoses cause and takes corrective action. This usually involves applying previously
program ed corrective step s, or using standard correction techniques.
OR
O perates under direct supervision a computer running program 's or segm ents of p rogram s
with the ch a ra c te ristic s described for c la s s A. May a s s is t a higher level operator by inde­
pendently perform ing le s s difficult task s assign ed , and perform ing difficult task s following
detailed instructions and with frequent review of operations perform ed.
C la ss C . Works on routine p rogram s under close supervision. Is expected to develop
working knowledge of the com puter equipment used and ability to detect problem s involved in
running routine p ro g ram s. Usually has received some form al training in computer operation.
May a s s is t higher level operator on com plex p rog ram s.

C la ss A. O perates independently, or under only general direction, a com puter running
p ro gram s with m ost of the following c h a ra c te ristic s: New p rogram s are frequently tested
and introduced; scheduling requirem ents are of c ritic al im portance to m inim ize downtime;
the p ro gram s are of complex design so that identification of e rro r source often req u ires a
working knowledge of the total program , and alternate p rogram s may not be available. May
give direction and guidance to lower level o p erato rs.

COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS

C la ss B . O perates independently, or under only general direction, a com puter running
p ro gram s with m ost of the following c h a ra c te ristic s: Most of the p rogram s are established
production runs, typically run on a regu larly recu rrin g b a sis; there is little or no testing

Converts statem ents of bu sin ess problem s, typically prepared by a system s analyst, into
a sequence of detailed instructions which a re required to solve the problem s by automatic data
p rocessin g equipment. Working from charts or d iag ram s, the p rogram er develops the p recise in­
structions which, when entered into the com puter system in coded language, cause the manipulation




44
COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS—Continued
of data to achieve d esired re su lts. Work involves m ost of the following: Applies knowledge of
com puter cap ab ilities, m ath em atics, logic employed by com puters, and p articu lar subject m atter
involved to analyze charts and d iag ram s of the problem to be program ed; develops sequence
of program step s; w rites detailed flow charts to show o rder in which data will be p ro cessed ;
converts these ch arts to coded instructions for m achine to follow; te sts and co rre c ts p rog ram s;
p rep ares instructions fo r operating personnel during production run; analyzes, review s, and a lters
p rogram s to in cre ase operating efficiency or adapt to new requirem ents; m aintains record s of
program development and rev isio n s. (NOTE: W orkers perform ing both system s an alysis and p ro ­
gram ing should be c la ssifie d a s system s analysts if this is the sk ill used to determ ine their pay.)
Does not include em ployees p rim arily resp on sible for the m anagem ent or supervision of
other electronic data p ro cessin g em ployees, or p ro g ra m ers p rim arily concerned with scientific
and/or engineering p ro blem s.
F o r wage study p u rp o se s, p ro g ra m ers are c la ssifie d a s follows:
C la ss A. Works independently or under only general direction on com plex problem s which
require com petence in all ph ases of program ing concepts and p ra c tic e s. Working from d ia­
g ram s and ch arts which identify the nature of d esired r e su lts, m ajor p ro cessin g steps to be
accom plished, and the relationships between v ariou s step s of the problem solving routine;
plans the full range of program ing actions needed to efficiently utilize the com puter system
in achieving d esired end products.
At this level, program ing is difficult because com puter equipment m ust be organized to
produce sev e ral in terrelated but d iv erse products from num erous and d iv erse data elem ents.
A wide variety and extensive number of internal p ro c essin g actions m ust occur. This requ ires
such actions a s development of common operations which can be reused, establishm ent of
linkage points between op eration s, adjustm ents to data when program requirem ents exceed
com puter sto rage capacity, and substantial manipulation and resequencing of data elem ents
to form a highly integrated p ro gram .
May provide functional direction to low er level p ro g ra m ers who a re assign ed to a s s is t .
C la s s B . Works independently or under only general direction on relatively sim ple
p ro g ra m s, or on sim ple segm ents of com plex p ro g ra m s. P ro g ram s (or segm ents) usually
p ro c e ss inform ation to produce data in two or three varied sequences or form ats. Reports
and listin g s a re produced by refining, adapting, arrayin g, or making m inor additions to or
deletions from input data which a re read ily av ailable. While numerous reco rd s m ay be
p ro c essed , the data have been refined in p rio r actions so that the accu racy and sequencing
of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. T ypically, the program d eals with
routine record-keeping type operations.
OR
Works on com plex p ro g ram s (as d escrib ed for c la ss A) under close direction of a higher
level p ro g ram er or su p e rv iso r. May a s s i s t higher level program er by independently p e r ­
form ing le s s difficult ta sk s assig n ed , and perform ing m ore difficult ta sk s under fa irly close
direction.
May guide or in struct lower level p ro g ra m e rs.
C la ss C. M akes p ractical applications of program ing p ractice s and concepts usually
learn ed in form al training c o u rse s. A ssignm ents a re designed to develop competence in the
application of standard procedures to routine p ro blem s. R eceives close supervision on new
a sp e c ts of assign m en ts; and work is reviewed to v erify its accu racy and conformance with
required p ro ced u res.
COMPUTER SYSTEM S ANALYST, BUSINESS
Analyzes b u sin ess problem s to form ulate proced ures for solving them by use of electronic
data p ro cessin g equipment. Develops a com plete d escription of all specifications needed to enable
p ro g ra m ers to p rep are required digital com puter p ro g ram s. Work involves m ost of the following:
Analyzes subject-m atter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and c r ite r ia required
to achieve satisfa c to ry r e su lts; sp ecifies number and types of reco rd s, file s , and documents to
be used; outlines actions to be perform ed by personnel and com puters in sufficient detail for
presentation to m anagem ent and for program ing (typically this involves preparation of work and
data flow charts); coordinates the development of te st problem s and p articip ates in tr ia l runs of
new and rev ised sy ste m s: and recom m ends equipment changes to obtain m ore effective overall
operations. (NOTE: W orkers perform ing both sy stem s an alysis and program ing should be c la s ­
sified as sy stem s an alysts if this is the sk ill used to determ ine their pay.)
Does not include em ployees p rim arily respon sible for the m anagem ent or supervision
of other electronic data p ro cessin g em ployees, or system s an alysts p rim arily concerned with
scien tific or engineering p roblem s.
F o r wage study p u rp o ses, sy stem s analysts a re c la ssifie d a s follow s:
C la ss A. Works independently or under only general direction on com plex problem s in­
volving all phases of sy stem s a n a ly sis. P roblem s a re com plex because of d iv erse so u rces of
input data and m ultip le-u se requirem ents of output data. (F or exam ple, develops an integrated
production scheduling, inventory control, cost an a ly sis, and sa le s a n aly sis reco rd in which




COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS—Continued
every item of each type is autom atically p ro cessed through the full system of record s and
appropriate followup actions are initiated by the computer.) Confers with p erson s concerned to
determ ine the data p ro cessin g problem s and ad vises subject-m atter personnel on the im p lica­
tions of new or rev ised sy stem s of data p ro cessin g operations. Makes recom m endations, if
needed, for approval of m ajo r sy stem s in stallations or changes and for obtaining equipment.
May provide functional direction to lower level sy stem s analysts who a re assig n ed to
a s s is t .
C la ss B. Works independently or under only general direction on problem s that are
relatively uncom plicated to analyze, plan, p rogram , and operate. Problem s a re of lim ited
com plexity because so u rces of input data are homogeneous and the output data are closely
related. (F or exam ple, develops sy stem s for m aintaining depositor accounts in a bank,
m aintaining accounts receivable in a reta il establishm ent, or m aintaining inventory accounts
in a m anufacturing or w holesale establishm ent.) Confers with person s concerned to determine
the data p ro cessin g problem s and a d v ise s subject-m atter personnel on the im plications of the
data p ro cessin g sy stem s to be applied.
OR
Works on a segm ent of a com plex data p ro cessin g schem e or system , a s d escribed for
c la ss A. Works independently on routine assign m en ts and receives instruction and guidance
on com plex assig n m en ts. Work is reviewed for accu racy of judgment, com pliance with
in struction s, and to in su re proper alinem ent with the overall system .
C la ss C . Works under im m ediate supervision , carryin g out a n alyses as assig n ed , usually
of a single activity. A ssignm ents a re designed to develop and expand p ractical experience
in the application of proced ures and sk ills required for system s a n aly sis work. F or exam ple,
m ay a s s is t a higher level sy stem s analyst by preparing the detailed sp ecification s required
by p ro g ra m ers from inform ation developed by the higher level analyst.
DRAFTSMAN
C la ss A. P lan s the graphic presentation of com plex item s having distinctive design
featu res that d iffer significantly from establish ed drafting preceden ts. Works in close sup­
port with the design origin ator, and m ay recom m end m inor design changes. Analyzes the
effect of each change on the d etails of form , function, and positional relation sh ips of com ­
ponents and p a r ts. Works with a minimum of supervisory a ssista n c e . Completed work is
reviewed by design originator for consistency with p rior engineering determ inations. May
either p rep are draw ings, o r d ire ct th eir preparation by lower level d raftsm en .
C la ss B . P erfo rm s nonroutine and com plex drafting assign m en ts that require the app li­
cation of m ost of the standardized drawing techniques regu larly used. Duties typically in­
volve such work a s: P re p a re s working drawings of su b a sse m b lie s with irre g u lar shapes,
m ultiple functions, and p re c ise positional relation sh ips between components; p rep ares a rch i­
tectu ral drawings for construction of a building including detail drawings of foundations, wall
sectio n s, floor plans, and roof. U ses accepted form ulas and m anuals in making n ece ssa ry
com putations to determ ine quantities of m a te ria ls to be used, load c a p a citie s, stren gth s,
s t r e s s e s , etc. R eceives in itial in struction s, requirem ents, and advice from su p erv iso r.
Com pleted work is checked for technical adequacy.
C la s s C . P re p a re s detail drawings of single units or p arts for engineering, construction,
m anufacturing, or rep a ir p u rp oses. Types of drawings prepared include iso m e tric projections
(depicting three dim ensions in accu rate scale) and sectional views to cla rify positioning of
components and convey needed inform ation. C onsolidates d etails from a number of so u rces
and adjusts or tran sp o se s scale a s required. Suggested methods of approach, applicable
preceden ts, and advice on source m a te r ia ls a re given with initial assig n m en ts. Instructions
a re le s s com plete when assign m en ts recu r. Work m ay be spot-checked during p r o g re ss.
DRAFTSMAN- TRACER
Copies plans and drawings p rep ared by others by placing tracin g cloth or paper over
drawings and tracin g with pen or pencil. (Does not include tracin g lim ited to plans p rim arily
con sisting of straigh t lines and a la rge scale not requiring clo se delineation.)
AND/OR
P re p a re s sim ple or repetitive draw ings of e a sily visualized ite m s. Work is clo sely supervised
during p r o g re s s.
ELECTRON ICS TECHNICIAN
Works on variou s types of electron ic equipment and related devices by perform ing one
or a combination of the following: Installing, m aintaining, rep airin g, overhauling, troubleshooting,
m odifying, constructing, and testin g. Work req u ires p ractical application of technical knowledge
of electron ics p rin cip les, ability to determ ine m alfunctions, and sk ill to put equipment in required
operating condition.

45
ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN— Continued

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN— Continued

The equipment— con sisting of either many different kinds of circu its or multiple repetition
of the sam e kind of circuit— includes, but is not lim ited to, the following: (a) E lectronic tr a n s­
mitting and receiving equipment (e .g ., rad ar, radio, telev isio n , telephone, sonar, navigational
aid s), (b) digital and analog com puters, and (c) industrial and m ed ical m easuring and controlling
equipment.
This c la ssific a tio n excludes repairm en of such standard electronic equipment a s common
office m achines and household radio and television se ts; production asse m b le rs and t e ste r s; work­
e rs whose p rim ary duty is serv icin g electronic te st instrum ents; technicians who have adm in is­
trative or su p erv iso ry resp on sibility; and draftsm en, d esig n e rs, and p rofession al engineers.
P ositions a re c la ssifie d into lev els on the b a sis of the following definitions.
C la ss A. Applies advanced technical knowledge to solve unusually com plex problem s
(i.e ., those that typically cannot be solved solely by reference to m an ufacturers' m anuals or
sim ilar documents) in working on electronic equipment. Exam ples of such problem s include
location and density of circu itry , electro-m agnetic radiation, isolating m alfunctions, and
frequent engineering changes. Work involves: A detailed understanding of the in terrelation ­
ships of c ircu its; exe rcisin g independent judgment in perform ing such task s a s making circuit
an aly se s, calculating wave fo rm s, tracin g relationships in signal flow; and regu larly using
com plex te st instrum ents (e .g ., dual trac e o sc illo sc o p e s, Q -m eters, deviation m ete rs, pulse
gen erato rs).
Work m ay be reviewed by su p erv iso r (frequently an engineer or d esigner) for general
com pliance with accepted p rac tic e s. May provide technical guidance to lower level technicians.
C la ss B . Applies com prehensive technical knowledge to solve com plex problem s (i.e .,
those that typically can be solved solely by properly interpreting m an ufacturers' m anuals or
sim ila r documents) in working on electronic equipment. Work involves: A fam iliarity with
the interrelation sh ips of c irc u its; and judgment in determining work sequence and in selecting
tools and testin g instrum ents, usually le s s com plex than those used by the c la ss A technician.

R eceives technical guidance, a s required, from su p ervisor or higher level technician,
and work is reviewed for specific com pliance with accepted p ractices and work assign m en ts.
May provide technical guidance to lower level technicians.
C la ss C. A pplies working technical knowledge to perform sim ple or routine task s in
working on electronic equipment, following detailed instructions which cover virtually all
p roced ures. Work typically involves such task s a s: A ssistin g higher level technicians by
perform ing such activities as replacing components, waring circu its, and taking test readings;
repairing sim ple electronic equipment; and using tools and common te st instrum ents (e.g.,
m u ltim eters, audio signal gen erators, tube t e ste r s, o scillo sco p es). Is not required to be
fa m ilia r with the interrelation sh ips of circu its. This knowledge, however, m ay be acquired
through assign m en ts designed to in cre ase competence (including c la ssro o m training) so that
worker can advance to higher level technician, R eceives technical guidance, as required, from su p ervisor or higher level technician.
Work is typically spot checked, but is given detailed review when new or advanced assignm ents
are involved.
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (R egistered)
A reg iste re d nurse who gives nursing service under general m edical direction to ill or
injured em ployees or other person s who become ill or suffer an accident on the p rem ises of a
factory or other establishm ent. Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving fir st aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent d ressin g of em ployees' in juries; keeping records
of patients treated ; preparing accident reports for com pensation or other p urposes; a ssistin g in
physical exam inations and health evaluations of applicants and em ployees; and planning and c a r r y ­
ing-out p rogram s involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment,
or other activities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of a ll personnel. Nursing su p e rv iso rs
or head n u rses in establishm ents employing m ore than one nurse are excluded.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPEN TER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

P erfo rm s the carpentry duties n ec e ssa ry to construct and maintain in good rep air build­
ing woodwork and equipment such a s bins, c r ib s, counters, benches, p artition s, doors, flo o rs,
s t a ir s , c a sin g s, and trim m ade of wood in an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw ings, m odels, or verbal in struction s; using a
variety of c arp e n te r's handtools, portable power to o ls, and standard m easuring instrum ents: m ak­
ing standard shop computations relating to dim ensions of work; and selecting m ate rials n ece ssa ry
for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requ ires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

F ir e s stationary b oilers to furnish the establishm ent in which employed with heat, power,
or steam . F eed s fuels to fire by hand or operates a m echanical stoker, g a s, or oil burner; and
checks water and safety valves. May clean, o il, or a s s is t in repairing boilerroom equipment.

ELECTRICIAN , MAINTENANCE
P erfo rm s a variety of e le ctric a l trade functions such a s the in stallation, m aintenance, or
rep air of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an e sta b ­
lishm ent. Work involves m ost of the followdng: Installing or repairing any of a variety of e le c ­
tr ic a l equipment such as gen erato rs, tra n sfo rm e rs, swdtchboards, co n tro llers, circuit b r e a k e r s ,
m oto rs, heating units, conduit sy ste m s, or other tran sm issio n equipment; working from blue­
p rin ts, draw ings, layouts, or other sp ecificatio n s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le ctrica l
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirem ents of wiring or
e le ctrical equipment; and using a variety of e le ctric ia n 's handtools and m easuring and testing
instrum ents. In gen eral, the work of the m aintenance electrician requ ires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
ENGINEER, STATIONARY
O perates and m aintains and m ay also sup ervise the operation of station ary engines and
equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the establishm ent in which employed with power,
heat, refrigeratio n , or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and m aintaining equipment
such a s steam engines, a ir c o m p re sso rs, g e n e rato rs, m o to rs, turbines, ventilating and r e fr ig ­
erating equipment, steam bo ilers and boiler-fed w ater pum ps; making equipment re p a irs; and
keeping a record of operation of m achinery, tem p erature, and fuel consumption. May a lso su ­
p e rv ise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishm ents employing m ore than one
engineer a re excluded.




H ELPER , MAINTENANCE TRADES
A s s is t s one or m ore w orkers in the sk illed maintenance tra d e s, by perform ing specific
or general duties of le s s e r sk ill, such a s keeping a worker supplied with m ate rials and tools;
cleaning working a re a , m achine, and equipment; a ssistin g journeyman by holding m ate rials or
tools; and perform ing other unskilled task s as directed by journeym an. The kind of work the
helper is perm itted to perform v a rie s from trade to trade: In some trad es the helper is confined
to supplying, lifting, and holding m ate rials and tools, and cleaning working a re a s; and in others
he is perm itted to perform sp ecialized machine operations, or p arts of a trade that are also
perform ed by w orkers on a full-tim e b a sis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
S pecializes in the operation of one or m ore types of machine tools, such as jig b o re rs,
cylindrical or su rface g rin d e rs, engine lathes, or m illing m achines, in the construction of
m achine-shop too ls, g ag e s, jig s , fix tu res, or d ies. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning
and perform ing difficult m achining operations; p ro cessin g item s requiring com plicated setups or
a high degree of accu racy; using a variety of p recision m easuring instrum ents; selecting feeds,
sp eeds, tooling, and operation sequence; and making n e c e ssa ry adjustm ents during operation
to achieve requ isite toleran ces or dim ensions. May be required to recognize when tools need
d re ssin g , to d re ss tools, and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For
c ro ss-in d u stry wage study p u rp oses, m achine-tool o p erato rs, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classificatio n .
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacem ent p arts and new p arts in making rep a irs of m etal p arts of m echanical
equipment operated in an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following: Interpreting written
instructions and sp ecification s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of m ach in ist's

46
MACHINIST. MAINTENANCE— Continued

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE

handtools and p recisio n m easurin g instrum ents; setting up and operating standard machine tools;
shaping of m etal p arts to clo se to le ran ces; making standard shop computations relating to dim en­
sions of work, tooling, feeds, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working p rop erties of
the common m e ta ls; selectin g standard m a te ria ls, p a rts, and equipment required for his work;
and fitting and a ssem blin g p arts into m echanical equipment. In general, the m ach in ist's work
norm ally req u ires a rounded training in m achine-shop p ractice usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Paints and red eco rates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an establishm ent. Work involves
the following: Knowledge of surface p e cu liaritie s and types of paint required for different app lica­
tions; preparing su rface for painting by rem oving old finish or by placing putty or fille r in nail
holes and in te rstic e s; and applying paint with sp ra y gun or brush. May m ix c o lo rs, o ils, white
lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain p roper color or consistency. In general, the work of the
m aintenance painter requ ires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experien ce.
P IP E F IT T E R , MAINTENANCE

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (Maintenance)
R e p airs autom obiles, b u ses, m o to rtruck s, and tr a c to rs of an establishm ent. Work in­
volves m ost of the following: Exam ining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; d is ­
assem bling equipment and perform ing r e p a irs that involve the use of such handtools as w renches,
g ag e s, d rills, or sp ecialized equipment in d isasse m b lin g or fitting p arts; replacing broken or
defective p arts from stock; grinding and adjusting v alv es; reassem b lin g and installing the various
a sse m b lie s in the vehicle and making n e c e ssa ry adjustm ents; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In gen eral, the work of the automotive m echanic requ ires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
This c la ssific a tio n does not include m echanics who rep air cu stom ers' vehicles in auto­
m obile rep air shops.
MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R epairs m achinery or m echanical equipment of an establishm ent. Work involves m ost
of the following: Exam ining m achines and m echanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
dism antling or partly dism antling m achines and perform ing rep a irs that m ainly involve the use
of handtools in scrap in g and fitting p arts; replacing broken or defective p arts with item s obtained
from stock; ordering the production of a replacem ent p art by a machine shop or sending of the
machine to a machine shop for m ajo r r e p a ir s; preparing written specifications for m ajor rep a irs
or for the production of p arts ordered from machine shop; reassem blin g m achines; and making
all n e c e ssa ry adjustm ents for operation. In general, the work of a m aintenance m echanic requ ires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship o r equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this c la ssific a tio n a re w orkers whose p rim ary duties
involve

s e tt in g u p

or

adjusting m a c h i n e s .

MILLWRIGHT
In stalls new m achines or heavy equipment, and d ism antles and in sta lls m achines or heavy
equipment when changes in the plant layout a re required. Work involves m o st of the following:
Planning and laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a variety
of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to s t r e s s e s , strength of
m a te r ia ls, and cen ters of gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selectin g standard tools,
equipment, and p arts to be used; and in stallin g and m aintaining in good order power tran sm issio n
equipment such as d riv es and speed red u c e rs. In general, the m illw right's work norm ally requ ires
a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

In stalls or r e p a irs w ater, steam , g as, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an
establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following: Laying out of work and m easuring to locate
position of pipe from drawings or other written specification s; cutting variou s siz e s of pipe to
co rrect lengths with ch isel and ham m er or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting m achines; threading
pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven m achines; assem bling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to h angers; making standard shop computations relating to
p r e s s u r e s , flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard te sts to determ ine whether fin­
ished pipes m eet sp ecification s. In gen eral, the work of the m aintenance pipefitter requ ires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experien ce. W orkers p n a r ily engaged in installing and rep airin g building sanitation
or heating sy stem s are excluded.
SH E ET -M E T A L WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F a b ric a te s, in sta lls, and m aintains in good rep air the sh eet-m etal equipment and fixtures
(such as machine guards, g re a se pans, sh elves, lo ck e rs, tanks, ven tilators, chutes, ducts, m etal
roofing) of an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-m etal m aintenance work from blueprints, m odels, or other specification s; setting
up and operating a ll available types of sh eet-m etal working m achines; using a variety of handtools
in cutting, bending, form ing, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; and in stalling sheet-m etal a rtic le s
a s required. In general, the work of the m aintenance sh eet-m etal worker requ ires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
C onstructs and r e p a irs m achine-shop too ls, g ag e s, jig s , fix tu res or dies for forgin gs,
punching, and other m etal-form in g work. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning and
laying out of work from m odels, blueprints, draw ings, or other o ral and written specification s;
using a variety of tool and die m a k e r's handtools and p recision m easuring instrum ents; under­
standing of the working p roperties of common m eta ls and alloys: setting up and operating of
machine tools and related equipment; making n e c e ssa ry shop computations relating to dim ensions
of work, sp eeds, feeds, and tooling of m achines; heat-treating of m etal p arts during fabrication
as well as of finished tools and d ies to achieve required q u alities; working to close toleran ces;
fitting and assem bling of p arts to p rescrib e d toleran ces and allow ances; and selectin g appropriate
m rte r ia ls, tools, and p r o c e s s e s . In general, the tool and die m a k e r's work requ ires a rounded
training in m achine-shop and toolroom p ractice usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship
or equivalent training and experien ce.
F o r cro ss-in d u stry wage study p u rp o se s, tool and die m ak e rs in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classificatio n .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL M O V E M E N T
GUARD AND WATCHMEN
Guard. P erfo rm s routine police duties, either at fixed p ost or on tour, m aintaining ord er,
using a rm s or fo rce where n e c e ssa ry . Includes gatem en who are stationed at gate and check
on identity of em ployees and other p erso n s entering.
Watchman. M akes rounds of p re m ise s p erio d ically in protecting property again st fire ,
theft, and illeg al entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working a re a s and w ashroom s, or
p re m ise s of an office, apartm ent house, or com m ercial or other establishm ent. Duties involve
a combination of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing flo o rs; removing
chips, tra sh , and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing m etal fix­
tu re s or trim m in gs; providing supplies and m inor m aintenance se rv ic e s; and cleaning la v ato rie s,
show ers, and restro o m s. W orkers who sp ecialize in window washing are excluded.




LABO RER, M ATERIAL HANDLING
A worker employed in a w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, sto re , or other establishm ent
whose duties involve one or m ore of the following: Loading and unloading variou s m ate rials and
tnerchandise on or from freight c a r s , tru ck s, or other tran sportin g d evices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing m a te r ia ls or m erchandise in proper storage location; and tran sportin g m a te ria ls or
m erchandise by handtruck, c a r, or w heelbarrow . Longshorem en, who load and unload ships are
excluded.
ORDER F IL L E R
F ills shipping or tr a n sfe r o rd e rs for finished goods from stored m erchandise in acco rd ­
ance with specification s on s a le s s lip s, cu sto m ers' o rd e rs, or other in struction s. May, in addition
to filling o rd e rs and indicating item s filled or omitted, keep reco rd s of outgoing o r d e r s , requ i­
sition additional stock or rep ort short supplies to su p e rv iso r, and perform other related duties.

47
PACKER, SHIPPING
P re p a re s finished products for shipment or sto rage by placing them in shipping con­
tain e rs, the sp ecific operations perform ed being dependent upon the type, siz e , and number
of units to be packed, the type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requ ires
the placing of item s in shipping containers and m ay involve one or m ore of the following:
Knowledge of variou s item s of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate type
and size of container; in serting en clo sures in container; using e x ce lsio r or other m aterial to
prevent breakage or dam age; closing and sealin g container; and applying labels or entering
identifying data on container. P ack ers who a lso make wooden boxes or crate s are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
%
P re p a re s m erchandise for shipment, or receiv es and is responsible for incoming ship­
m ents of m erchandise or other m a te ria ls. Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping p ro ­
cedu res, p rac tic e s, routes, available m eans of tran sportation, and rate s; and preparing record s
of the goods shipped, making up b ills of lading, posting weight and shipping ch arg e s, and keeping
a file of shipping re c o rd s. May d irect or a s s i s t in preparing the m erchandise for shipment.
Receiving work in volves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the co rrectn ess of shipments
again st bills of lading, in voices, or other reco rd s; checking for shortages and rejecting dam ­
aged goods; routing m erchandise or m ate rials to proper departm ents; and maintaining n ece ssa ry
record s and file s.

TRUCKDRIVER— Continued
follow s:

F or wage study p u rp oses, truck drivers are c la ssifie d by size and type of equipment, as
(T r a c to r-tra ile r should be rated on the b a sis of tr a ile r capacity.)
T ruckdriver
T ruckdriver,
Truck d river,
T ruck d river,
T ruck d river,

(combination of siz e s listed separately)
light (under 1 V2 tons)
medium (IV 2 to anc* including 4 tons)
heavy (over 4 tons, tr a ile r type)
heavy (over 4 tons, other than tr a ile r type)

TRUCKER, POWER
O perates a m anually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered truck or tractor to tran sport
goods and m ate rials of all kinds about a w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.
F or wage study p u rp oses, w orkers are c la ssifie d by type of truck, as follows:
T ruck er, power (forklift)
T ruck er, power (other than forklift)

F o r wage study p u rp o se s, w orkers are c la ssifie d a s follows:

WAREHOUSEMAN

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

As directed, p erform s a variety of warehousing duties which require an understanding
of the establish m en t's storage plan. Work involves m ost of the following: Verifying m ate rials
(or m erchandise) again st receiving documents, noting and reporting d iscrep an cies and obvious
dam ages; routing m ate rials to p rescrib e d storage locations; storing, stacking, or palletizing
m ate rials in accordance with p rescrib ed storage m ethods; rearran ging and taking inventory of
stored m a te ria ls; examining stored m ate rials and reporting deterioration and dam age; removing
m aterial from storage and preparing it for shipment. May operate hand or power trucks in
perform ing warehousing duties.

TRUCKDRIVER
D rives a truck within a city or in dustrial a re a to tran sp ort m a te r ia ls, m erchandise,
equipment, or men between various types of establishm ents such a s: Manufacturing plants, freight
d ep o ts, w arehouses, wholesale and retail establish m ents, or between retail establishm ents and
cu sto m ers' houses or p laces of b u sin ess. May a lso load or unload truck with or without h elp ers,
m ake m inor m echanical r e p a ir s, and keep truck in good working o rder. D riv e r-sale sm e n and
over-the-road d riv e rs are excluded.




Exclude w orkers whose prim ary duties involve shipping and receiving work (see shipping
and receiving clerk and packer, shipping), order filling (see order fille r), or operating power
trucks (see tru ck er, power).

A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t ----T h e fo llo w in g a re a s a re su rve y e d p e r io d ic a lly fo r use in a d m in is te rin g the S e r v ic e C on tract A c t o f 1965.
w ill be a v a ila b le at no c ost w h ile supplies la s t fr o m any o f the B LS r e g io n a l o ffic e s shown on the back c o v e r .
A la m o g o r d o — a s C ru c e s , N . M e x .
L
A la sk a
A lb a n y , G a.
A m a r illo , T e x .
A tla n tic C ity , N .J.
Augusta, Ga.— C.
S.
B a k e r s fie ld , C a lif.
Baton R ou ge, L a .
B ilo x i, G u lfp ort, and P a s c a g o u la , M is s .
B rid g e p o rt, N o r w a lk , and S tam fo rd , Conn.
C ed ar R a p id s , Iowa
Cham paign—U rb a n a , 111.
C h a rle sto n , S.C .
C la r k s v ille , T e n n ., and H o p k in s v ille , K y.
C o lo ra d o S p rin g s , C olo.
C olu m b ia, S .C .
C olum bus, G a —A la .
C orpus C h r is ti, T e x .
C ra n e , Ind.
Dothan, A la .
Duluth— u p e r io r , M in n —W is .
S
E l Paso, Tex.
Eugene— p r in g fie ld , O r e g .
S
F a r g o — o o rh ea d , N . Dak.—
M
Minn.
F a y e tt e v ille , N. C.
F itc h b u rg — e o m in s t e r , M a s s .
L
F r e d e r ic k — a g e rs to w n , M d .— a —W. Va.
H
P
F r e s n o , C a lif.
Grand F o r k s , N . Dak.
Grand Island— a s tin g s , N eb r.
H
G ree n b o ro — inston S a lem — igh P o in t, N .C .
W
H
H a r r is b u r g , P a .
K n o x v ille , Tenn.

C op ies o f public r e le a s e s a r e or

Lared o, T ex.
Las V ega s, N ev.
L o w e r E a s te rn S h ore, M d .— a.
V
M acon , Ga.
M a rq u e tte , E scanaba, Sault Ste.
M a r ie , M ich .
M elb o u rn e— itu s v ille —C o c o a , F la .
T
(B r e v a r d C o.)
M e rid ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , M onm outh, O cean, and S o m e rs et
C o s ., N .J.
M o b ile , A la ., and P e n s a c o la , F la .
M o n tg o m e ry , A la .
N a s h v ille , Tenn.
N o rth e a s te rn M aine
N o rw ic h — roton— ew London, Conn.
G
N
O gden, Utah
O rlan d o, F la .
O xnard— im i V a lle y —V en tu ra, C a lif.
S
Panam a C ity , F la .
P o rts m o u th , N .H —M ain e— a s s .
M
P u e b lo , C olo.
R en o, N e v .
S a cra m en to , C a lif.
Santa B a rb a ra —
Santa M a r ia —L o m p o c , C a lif.
Sherm an— enison , T e x .
D
S h re v e p o rt, L a .
S p rin g field — h ic o p e e — o ly o k e , M a s s .—Conn.
C
H
T op ek a , K ans.
T u cson , A r iz .
V a lle jo — a ir fie ld — a p a , C a lif.
F
N
W ilm in g to n , D e l—N .J .— d.
M
Yum a, A r i z .

R e p o rts fo r the fo llo w in g su rve y s conducted in the p r io r y e a r but sin ce discontin ued a r e a ls o a v a ila b le :
A lp e n a , Standish, and T aw as C ity , M ich .
A s h e v ille , N .C .
A u stin , T e x . *
F o r t Sm ith, A r k —O kla.
G rea t F a lls , M ont.
*

Expanded to an a re a w age s u rve y in f is c a l y e a r

1973.

L e x in gto n , K y .*
P in e B lu ff, A r k .
Stockton, C a lif.
T a c o m a , W ash.
W ich ita F a lls , T e x .
See in sid e back c o v e r .

T h e tw e lfth annual r e p o r t on s a la r ie s fo r accountants, a u d ito rs , c h ie f accountants, a tto rn e y s , job a n a ly s ts , d ir e c to r s o f p e rs o n n e l, b u y ers , c h e m ists,
e n g in e e rs , e n g in e e rin g te c h n icia n s , d ra ftsm e n , and c le r ic a l e m p lo y e e s . O rd e r as B L S B u lletin 1742, N ation al S u rvey o f P r o fe s s io n a l, A d m in is tr a tiv e ,
T e c h n ic a l, and C le r ic a l P a y , June 1971. 75 cents a cop y, fr o m any o f the B LS r e g io n a l s a le s o ffic e s shown on the b ack c o v e r , or fro m the
Superintendent o f d ocu m en ts, U.S. G overn m en t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ash ington , D .C ., 20402.




* U . l 0O VCKNM CM T

O W C ■> 1*71 - > « - I t l f H

A re a W a g e S urveys
A lis t o f the la te s t a v a ila b le b u lletin s is p resen ted b elow . A d ir e c to r y o f a re a w age studies including m o re lim ite d studies conducted at the
req u est o f the E m p lo ym en t Standards A d m in is tra tio n o f the D epartm ent o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on req u est. B u lletin s m ay be purchased fro m any of the B LS
r e g io n a l s a le s o ffic e s shown on the back c o v e r , o r fro m the Superintendent o f D ocum ents, U.S. G overn m en t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington, D .C ., 20402.
A rea
A k ron , O hio, D ec. 1972----------------------------- ---------------A lb an y-S ch en ectad > r-T roy, N .Y ., M a r. 1973 1 ------------A lb u qu erqu e, N. M e x ., M a r. 1973__________ _____________
A llen tow n — ethlehem —E aston , P a .— .J ., M ay 1972 1 __
B
N
A tla n ta, G a ., M ay 1972 1___________________________________
A u stin , T e x ., D ec. 1972 1------------------------------------------B a ltim o r e , M d ., Aug. 1972 1_________________ — - — ____
B e a u m o n t-P o rt Arthux—O ran ge, T e x ., M a y 1972____—
B ingham ton, N .Y ., July 1972_____________ —______________
B irm in g h a m , A la ., M ar. 1973 1_________________ _________
B o is e C ity , Idaho, N ov. 1972 1__________________ __ _______
B oston , M a s s ., Aug. 1972 1_______________________________
B u ffa lo, N .Y ., O ct. 1972 1_________________________________
B u rlin gton , V t . , D ec. 1972 1_____________ __________ _ _____
Canton, O hio, M ay 1972 1_____________________________ ____
C h a rle sto n , W. V a ., M a r. 1972 1 --------- ---------------------C h a rlo tte, N .C ., Jan. 1973---------------------------- ---- ------Chattanooga, T e n n .-G a ., Sept. 1972 1------------------------C h icago, 111., June 1972________________________ __________
C incinn ati, Ohio— y.—In d ., F eb . 1973-------- — ------ —---K
C lev e la n d , O hio, Sept. 1972 1--------------------— -------------Colum bus, O hio, O ct. 1972 1--------- ---------------- —---------D a lla s , T e x . , O ct. 1972 1------------------------------—----------D aven p ort— ock Island— o lin e, Iow a—
R
M
111., F eb . 1973___
Dayton, O hio, D ec. 1972___________________________________
D e n v e r, C o lo ., D ec. 1972------------- -----------------------------D es M o in e s , Iowa, M ay 1972 1 ______________ ______— ----D e tr o it, M ic h ., F eb. 1972-----------------------------------------Durham , N .C ., A p r. 197 3_____________ ___ ___ _________ ___
F o r t L au d erda le— ollyw o od and W est P a lm
H
B each , F l a . , A p r. 1973_______________________ ___ _______
F o r t W orth, T e x ., O ct. 1972 1-----------------------------------G ree n B ay, W is ., July 1972 1------------------------------------G r e e n v ille , S .C ., M ay 1972---------------- ----- ----------------Houston, T e x . , A p r. 197 3__________________________________
H u n ts ville , A l a . , Feb. 1973---------------------------------------Indianapolis, Ind., O ct. 1972 1-------------------- --------------Jackson, M is s ., Jan. 1973— — -— ----- —------ -------------- J a c k s o n v ille , F l a . , D ec. 1972------------------ — -----------—
K ansas C ity, M o .-K a n s ., Sept. 1972_____ __ _____________
L a w re n c e — a v e rh ill, M ass.—N .H ., June 1972 1-■ -------H
L exin gton , K y ., N ov. 1972 1---- — ---- ------- ------ ---- -------L ittle Rock— orth L ittle R ock, A r k ., July 1972 1_____—
N
L os A n g e le s —Long B each and Anaheim —Santa A n a G arden G r o v e , C a lif., Oct. 1972 1---------- ---- ------------L o u is v ille , K y.—In d ., N ov. 1972---------------------------------Lubbock, T e x . , M a r. 1973---------- ------ ------------- ----------M a n ch ester, N .H ., July 1972 1— ----------------------- ----- —
M e m p h is , Tenn.—A r k . , N ov. 1972------------------------------M ia m i, F la . , N ov. 1972 1___________________ ______________
M id lan d and Ode s sa, T e x ., J an. 1973________________ ___

B u lletin number
and p ric e
1775-36,
1775-62,
1775-52,
1725-87,
1725-77,
1775-42,
1775-20,
1725-69,
1775-5,
1775-65,
1775-32,
1775-13,
1775-18,
1775-28,
1725-75,
1725-63,
1775-39,
1775-14,
1725-92,
1775-53,
1775-15,
1775-23,
1775-25,
1775-57,
1775-34,
1775-35,
1725-86,
1725-68,
1775-61,

40
55
40
35
45
40
75
30
45
55
50
75
65
50
35
35
40
55
70
50
75
55
75
40
40
40
35
40
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1775-64,
1775-24,
1775-1,
1725-66,
1775-71,
1775-48,
1775-27,
1775-44,
1775-31,
1775-17,
1725-81,
1775-22,
1775-2,

40
50
55
30
50
40
55
40
40
50
35
50
55

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1775-38,
1775-37,
1775-55,
1775-8,
1775-30,
1775-29,
1775-41,

75
40
40
55
40
55
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.



A re a
M ilw aukee, W is., M ay 1972 1__________________________
M inneapolis— P a u l, M inn., J an. 1973________________
St.
M uskegon— uskegon H eigh ts, M ich ., Jun e 1972 1 _____
M
N ew ark and J e r s e y C ity , N. J . , J an. 1973------------------New Haven, C onn., J an. 1973---------------------------------New O rle a n s, L a . , J an. 1973----------------------------------New Y ork, N .Y ., A pr. 1 9 7 2 1___________________________
N orfolkr-V irginia B e ach -P o rtsm o u th and
Newport News—
Hampton, V a . , J an. 1973 1____________
O klahom a C ity, O k la ., Ju ly 1972-----------------------------O m aha, N ebr.—
Iowa, Sept. 1972_______________________
P a te r so n — lifton— a s s a i c , N .J ., Ju n e 1972 1 -------------C
P
P h ilad e lp h ia, P a .— .J ., Nov. 1972---------------------------N
P h oen ix, A r iz ., J une 1972 1____________________________
P ittsb u rg h , P a . , J an. 1973 1 ___________________________
P o rtla n d , M aine, Nov. 1972-----------------------------------P o rtla n d , O reg.— ash ., May 1972 1 ______________ _____
W
P o u gh keep sie— in gston —
K
Newburgh, N .Y .,

B u lletin number
and p ric e
1725-83,
1775-49,
1725-85,
1775-50,
1775-46,
1775-47,
1725-90,

45
55
35
55
40
40
50

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1775-51,
1775-6,
1775-16,
1725-88,
1775-45,
1725-94,
1775-67,
1775-21,
1725-89,

50
45
40
40
55
55
75
40
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1725-80,

35 cents

1725-70,
1775-7,
1775-68,

30 cents
45 cents
40 cents

1775-60,
1775-4,
1725-84,
1775-69,
1775-33,
1725-67,
1775-40,
1725-33,
1775-66,
1725-73,
1775-10,
1775-56,
1775-43,
1775-54,
1725-91,
1775-11,
1775-9,
1775-63,
1775-12,
1775-3,
1725-93,
1775-58,
1775-26,
1775-70,
1725-71,
1775-59,
1775-19,

65
45
35
75
50
30
40
50
40
35
45
40
40
40
35
45
45
40
55
45
70
40
40
40
35
40
40

P ro v id en ce— arwick— aw tucket, R.I.— a s s .,
W
P
M
R aleigh , N .C ., Aug. 1972---------------------------------------Richm ond, V a ., M ar. 1973____ _______________________
R iv e rsid e —
San B e rn ard in o -O n ta rio , C a lif.,
R o ch e ster, N .Y . (office occupations only), Ju ly 1972--R ockford, 111., J une 1972 1 _____________________________
St. L o u is , Mo.—
111., M ar. 1973 1 _ ____________________
_
S a lt L ak e C ity, Utah, Nov. 1972 1___ __________________
San Antonio, T e x ., M ay 1972________ _________________
San D iego, C a lif ., Nov. 1972___________________________
San F r a n c is co-O aklan d, C a lif., Oct. 1971 1 ____________
San J o s e , C a lif ., M ar. 1973____________________________
Savannah, G a ., M ay 1972 1 -------------------------------------Scran ton , P a . , Ju ly 1972----— __________________________
S ea ttle— v e re tt, W ash., J an. 1973_____________________
E
Sioux F a l l s , S. D a k ., D ec. 1972 1-----------------------------South B end, Ind., M ar. 1973______ ____________________
Spokane, W ash., Jun e 1972 1_______________ ____________
S y ra c u se , N .Y ., Ju ly 1972-------------------------------------T am pa— P e te r s b u r g , F l a . , Aug. 1972— — ___________
St.
T oledo, Ohio— ich ., A pr. 1973---- --------------------------M
T ren ton , N .J ., Sept. 1972 1-------------------------------------Utica— om e, N .Y ., Ju ly 1972__________________________
R
W ashington, D .C.—
Md.— a., M ar. 1972 1 _______________
V
W aterbury, C onn ., M ar. 1973__________________________
W aterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1972________ ______ ______________
W ichita, K a n s ., A pr. 1973___— —___ ________________ ___
W o rc e ste r, M a s s ., M ay 1972 1_ _ _ _ _ _ _ ______________
Y ork, P a . , F eb. 1973__________________________________
Youngstown— arren, Ohio, Nov. 1972_________________
W

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POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20212

LAB-441

OFFICIAL BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE $300

THIRD CLASS MAIL

BUREAU OF LABOR S T A T IS T IC S REGIONAL OFFICES
Region I
1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

Region II
1515 Broadway
New York, N.Y. 10036
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Region III
P.O. Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 597-1154 (Area Code 215)
Delaware
District of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
F*hone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)
Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Region V
8th Floor, 300 South Wacker Drive
Chicago, III. 60606
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)
Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
Wisconsin

Region VI
1100 Commerce St. Rm. 6B7
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Texas

Regions VII and V III
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)
VII
V III
Iowa
Colorado
Kansas
Montana
Missouri
North Dakota
Nebraska
South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)
IX
X
Alaska
Arizona
Idaho
California
Oregon
Hawaii
Washington
Nevada





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102